1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM qdisc #if !defined(_TRACE_QDISC_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_QDISC_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/pkt_sched.h> #include <net/sch_generic.h> TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_dequeue, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *qdisc, const struct netdev_queue *txq, int packets, struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(qdisc, txq, packets, skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( struct Qdisc *, qdisc ) __field(const struct netdev_queue *, txq ) __field( int, packets ) __field( void *, skbaddr ) __field( int, ifindex ) __field( u32, handle ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( unsigned long, txq_state) ), /* skb==NULL indicate packets dequeued was 0, even when packets==1 */ TP_fast_assign( __entry->qdisc = qdisc; __entry->txq = txq; __entry->packets = skb ? packets : 0; __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->ifindex = txq->dev ? txq->dev->ifindex : 0; __entry->handle = qdisc->handle; __entry->parent = qdisc->parent; __entry->txq_state = txq->state; ), TP_printk("dequeue ifindex=%d qdisc handle=0x%X parent=0x%X txq_state=0x%lX packets=%d skbaddr=%p", __entry->ifindex, __entry->handle, __entry->parent, __entry->txq_state, __entry->packets, __entry->skbaddr ) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_reset, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *q), TP_ARGS(q), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, qdisc_dev(q) ) __string( kind, q->ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( u32, handle ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, qdisc_dev(q)); __assign_str(kind, q->ops->id); __entry->parent = q->parent; __entry->handle = q->handle; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x handle=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->handle) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->handle)) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_destroy, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *q), TP_ARGS(q), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, qdisc_dev(q) ) __string( kind, q->ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( u32, handle ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, qdisc_dev(q)); __assign_str(kind, q->ops->id); __entry->parent = q->parent; __entry->handle = q->handle; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x handle=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->handle) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->handle)) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_create, TP_PROTO(const struct Qdisc_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev, u32 parent), TP_ARGS(ops, dev, parent), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, dev->name ) __string( kind, ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, dev->name); __assign_str(kind, ops->id); __entry->parent = parent; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_QDISC_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/elf-randomize.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/processor.h> #include <linux/sizes.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include "internal.h" /** * kfree_const - conditionally free memory * @x: pointer to the memory * * Function calls kfree only if @x is not in .rodata section. */ void kfree_const(const void *x) { if (!is_kernel_rodata((unsigned long)x)) kfree(x); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kfree_const); /** * kstrdup - allocate space for and copy an existing string * @s: the string to duplicate * @gfp: the GFP mask used in the kmalloc() call when allocating memory * * Return: newly allocated copy of @s or %NULL in case of error */ char *kstrdup(const char *s, gfp_t gfp) { size_t len; char *buf; if (!s) return NULL; len = strlen(s) + 1; buf = kmalloc_track_caller(len, gfp); if (buf) memcpy(buf, s, len); return buf; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kstrdup); /** * kstrdup_const - conditionally duplicate an existing const string * @s: the string to duplicate * @gfp: the GFP mask used in the kmalloc() call when allocating memory * * Note: Strings allocated by kstrdup_const should be freed by kfree_const and * must not be passed to krealloc(). * * Return: source string if it is in .rodata section otherwise * fallback to kstrdup. */ const char *kstrdup_const(const char *s, gfp_t gfp) { if (is_kernel_rodata((unsigned long)s)) return s; return kstrdup(s, gfp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kstrdup_const); /** * kstrndup - allocate space for and copy an existing string * @s: the string to duplicate * @max: read at most @max chars from @s * @gfp: the GFP mask used in the kmalloc() call when allocating memory * * Note: Use kmemdup_nul() instead if the size is known exactly. * * Return: newly allocated copy of @s or %NULL in case of error */ char *kstrndup(const char *s, size_t max, gfp_t gfp) { size_t len; char *buf; if (!s) return NULL; len = strnlen(s, max); buf = kmalloc_track_caller(len+1, gfp); if (buf) { memcpy(buf, s, len); buf[len] = '\0'; } return buf; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kstrndup); /** * kmemdup - duplicate region of memory * * @src: memory region to duplicate * @len: memory region length * @gfp: GFP mask to use * * Return: newly allocated copy of @src or %NULL in case of error */ void *kmemdup(const void *src, size_t len, gfp_t gfp) { void *p; p = kmalloc_track_caller(len, gfp); if (p) memcpy(p, src, len); return p; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmemdup); /** * kmemdup_nul - Create a NUL-terminated string from unterminated data * @s: The data to stringify * @len: The size of the data * @gfp: the GFP mask used in the kmalloc() call when allocating memory * * Return: newly allocated copy of @s with NUL-termination or %NULL in * case of error */ char *kmemdup_nul(const char *s, size_t len, gfp_t gfp) { char *buf; if (!s) return NULL; buf = kmalloc_track_caller(len + 1, gfp); if (buf) { memcpy(buf, s, len); buf[len] = '\0'; } return buf; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmemdup_nul); /** * memdup_user - duplicate memory region from user space * * @src: source address in user space * @len: number of bytes to copy * * Return: an ERR_PTR() on failure. Result is physically * contiguous, to be freed by kfree(). */ void *memdup_user(const void __user *src, size_t len) { void *p; p = kmalloc_track_caller(len, GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!p) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (copy_from_user(p, src, len)) { kfree(p); return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); } return p; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(memdup_user); /** * vmemdup_user - duplicate memory region from user space * * @src: source address in user space * @len: number of bytes to copy * * Return: an ERR_PTR() on failure. Result may be not * physically contiguous. Use kvfree() to free. */ void *vmemdup_user(const void __user *src, size_t len) { void *p; p = kvmalloc(len, GFP_USER); if (!p) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (copy_from_user(p, src, len)) { kvfree(p); return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); } return p; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmemdup_user); /** * strndup_user - duplicate an existing string from user space * @s: The string to duplicate * @n: Maximum number of bytes to copy, including the trailing NUL. * * Return: newly allocated copy of @s or an ERR_PTR() in case of error */ char *strndup_user(const char __user *s, long n) { char *p; long length; length = strnlen_user(s, n); if (!length) return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); if (length > n) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); p = memdup_user(s, length); if (IS_ERR(p)) return p; p[length - 1] = '\0'; return p; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(strndup_user); /** * memdup_user_nul - duplicate memory region from user space and NUL-terminate * * @src: source address in user space * @len: number of bytes to copy * * Return: an ERR_PTR() on failure. */ void *memdup_user_nul(const void __user *src, size_t len) { char *p; /* * Always use GFP_KERNEL, since copy_from_user() can sleep and * cause pagefault, which makes it pointless to use GFP_NOFS * or GFP_ATOMIC. */ p = kmalloc_track_caller(len + 1, GFP_KERNEL); if (!p) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (copy_from_user(p, src, len)) { kfree(p); return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); } p[len] = '\0'; return p; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(memdup_user_nul); void __vma_link_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev) { struct vm_area_struct *next; vma->vm_prev = prev; if (prev) { next = prev->vm_next; prev->vm_next = vma; } else { next = mm->mmap; mm->mmap = vma; } vma->vm_next = next; if (next) next->vm_prev = vma; } void __vma_unlink_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct vm_area_struct *prev, *next; next = vma->vm_next; prev = vma->vm_prev; if (prev) prev->vm_next = next; else mm->mmap = next; if (next) next->vm_prev = prev; } /* Check if the vma is being used as a stack by this task */ int vma_is_stack_for_current(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct task_struct * __maybe_unused t = current; return (vma->vm_start <= KSTK_ESP(t) && vma->vm_end >= KSTK_ESP(t)); } #ifndef STACK_RND_MASK #define STACK_RND_MASK (0x7ff >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 12)) /* 8MB of VA */ #endif unsigned long randomize_stack_top(unsigned long stack_top) { unsigned long random_variable = 0; if (current->flags & PF_RANDOMIZE) { random_variable = get_random_long(); random_variable &= STACK_RND_MASK; random_variable <<= PAGE_SHIFT; } #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return PAGE_ALIGN(stack_top) + random_variable; #else return PAGE_ALIGN(stack_top) - random_variable; #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_DEFAULT_TOPDOWN_MMAP_LAYOUT unsigned long arch_randomize_brk(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* Is the current task 32bit ? */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_64BIT) || is_compat_task()) return randomize_page(mm->brk, SZ_32M); return randomize_page(mm->brk, SZ_1G); } unsigned long arch_mmap_rnd(void) { unsigned long rnd; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS if (is_compat_task()) rnd = get_random_long() & ((1UL << mmap_rnd_compat_bits) - 1); else #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS */ rnd = get_random_long() & ((1UL << mmap_rnd_bits) - 1); return rnd << PAGE_SHIFT; } static int mmap_is_legacy(struct rlimit *rlim_stack) { if (current->personality & ADDR_COMPAT_LAYOUT) return 1; if (rlim_stack->rlim_cur == RLIM_INFINITY) return 1; return sysctl_legacy_va_layout; } /* * Leave enough space between the mmap area and the stack to honour ulimit in * the face of randomisation. */ #define MIN_GAP (SZ_128M) #define MAX_GAP (STACK_TOP / 6 * 5) static unsigned long mmap_base(unsigned long rnd, struct rlimit *rlim_stack) { unsigned long gap = rlim_stack->rlim_cur; unsigned long pad = stack_guard_gap; /* Account for stack randomization if necessary */ if (current->flags & PF_RANDOMIZE) pad += (STACK_RND_MASK << PAGE_SHIFT); /* Values close to RLIM_INFINITY can overflow. */ if (gap + pad > gap) gap += pad; if (gap < MIN_GAP) gap = MIN_GAP; else if (gap > MAX_GAP) gap = MAX_GAP; return PAGE_ALIGN(STACK_TOP - gap - rnd); } void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm, struct rlimit *rlim_stack) { unsigned long random_factor = 0UL; if (current->flags & PF_RANDOMIZE) random_factor = arch_mmap_rnd(); if (mmap_is_legacy(rlim_stack)) { mm->mmap_base = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE + random_factor; mm->get_unmapped_area = arch_get_unmapped_area; } else { mm->mmap_base = mmap_base(random_factor, rlim_stack); mm->get_unmapped_area = arch_get_unmapped_area_topdown; } } #elif defined(CONFIG_MMU) && !defined(HAVE_ARCH_PICK_MMAP_LAYOUT) void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm, struct rlimit *rlim_stack) { mm->mmap_base = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE; mm->get_unmapped_area = arch_get_unmapped_area; } #endif /** * __account_locked_vm - account locked pages to an mm's locked_vm * @mm: mm to account against * @pages: number of pages to account * @inc: %true if @pages should be considered positive, %false if not * @task: task used to check RLIMIT_MEMLOCK * @bypass_rlim: %true if checking RLIMIT_MEMLOCK should be skipped * * Assumes @task and @mm are valid (i.e. at least one reference on each), and * that mmap_lock is held as writer. * * Return: * * 0 on success * * -ENOMEM if RLIMIT_MEMLOCK would be exceeded. */ int __account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc, struct task_struct *task, bool bypass_rlim) { unsigned long locked_vm, limit; int ret = 0; mmap_assert_write_locked(mm); locked_vm = mm->locked_vm; if (inc) { if (!bypass_rlim) { limit = task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (locked_vm + pages > limit) ret = -ENOMEM; } if (!ret) mm->locked_vm = locked_vm + pages; } else { WARN_ON_ONCE(pages > locked_vm); mm->locked_vm = locked_vm - pages; } pr_debug("%s: [%d] caller %ps %c%lu %lu/%lu%s\n", __func__, task->pid, (void *)_RET_IP_, (inc) ? '+' : '-', pages << PAGE_SHIFT, locked_vm << PAGE_SHIFT, task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK), ret ? " - exceeded" : ""); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__account_locked_vm); /** * account_locked_vm - account locked pages to an mm's locked_vm * @mm: mm to account against, may be NULL * @pages: number of pages to account * @inc: %true if @pages should be considered positive, %false if not * * Assumes a non-NULL @mm is valid (i.e. at least one reference on it). * * Return: * * 0 on success, or if mm is NULL * * -ENOMEM if RLIMIT_MEMLOCK would be exceeded. */ int account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc) { int ret; if (pages == 0 || !mm) return 0; mmap_write_lock(mm); ret = __account_locked_vm(mm, pages, inc, current, capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)); mmap_write_unlock(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(account_locked_vm); unsigned long vm_mmap_pgoff(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flag, unsigned long pgoff) { unsigned long ret; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; unsigned long populate; LIST_HEAD(uf); ret = security_mmap_file(file, prot, flag); if (!ret) { if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm)) return -EINTR; ret = do_mmap(file, addr, len, prot, flag, pgoff, &populate, &uf); mmap_write_unlock(mm); userfaultfd_unmap_complete(mm, &uf); if (populate) mm_populate(ret, populate); } return ret; } unsigned long vm_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flag, unsigned long offset) { if (unlikely(offset + PAGE_ALIGN(len) < offset)) return -EINVAL; if (unlikely(offset_in_page(offset))) return -EINVAL; return vm_mmap_pgoff(file, addr, len, prot, flag, offset >> PAGE_SHIFT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_mmap); /** * kvmalloc_node - attempt to allocate physically contiguous memory, but upon * failure, fall back to non-contiguous (vmalloc) allocation. * @size: size of the request. * @flags: gfp mask for the allocation - must be compatible (superset) with GFP_KERNEL. * @node: numa node to allocate from * * Uses kmalloc to get the memory but if the allocation fails then falls back * to the vmalloc allocator. Use kvfree for freeing the memory. * * Reclaim modifiers - __GFP_NORETRY and __GFP_NOFAIL are not supported. * __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL is supported, and it should be used only if kmalloc is * preferable to the vmalloc fallback, due to visible performance drawbacks. * * Please note that any use of gfp flags outside of GFP_KERNEL is careful to not * fall back to vmalloc. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory of %NULL in case of failure */ void *kvmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { gfp_t kmalloc_flags = flags; void *ret; /* * vmalloc uses GFP_KERNEL for some internal allocations (e.g page tables) * so the given set of flags has to be compatible. */ if ((flags & GFP_KERNEL) != GFP_KERNEL) return kmalloc_node(size, flags, node); /* * We want to attempt a large physically contiguous block first because * it is less likely to fragment multiple larger blocks and therefore * contribute to a long term fragmentation less than vmalloc fallback. * However make sure that larger requests are not too disruptive - no * OOM killer and no allocation failure warnings as we have a fallback. */ if (size > PAGE_SIZE) { kmalloc_flags |= __GFP_NOWARN; if (!(kmalloc_flags & __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL)) kmalloc_flags |= __GFP_NORETRY; } ret = kmalloc_node(size, kmalloc_flags, node); /* * It doesn't really make sense to fallback to vmalloc for sub page * requests */ if (ret || size <= PAGE_SIZE) return ret; /* Don't even allow crazy sizes */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(size > INT_MAX)) return NULL; return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, flags, node, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kvmalloc_node); /** * kvfree() - Free memory. * @addr: Pointer to allocated memory. * * kvfree frees memory allocated by any of vmalloc(), kmalloc() or kvmalloc(). * It is slightly more efficient to use kfree() or vfree() if you are certain * that you know which one to use. * * Context: Either preemptible task context or not-NMI interrupt. */ void kvfree(const void *addr) { if (is_vmalloc_addr(addr)) vfree(addr); else kfree(addr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kvfree); /** * kvfree_sensitive - Free a data object containing sensitive information. * @addr: address of the data object to be freed. * @len: length of the data object. * * Use the special memzero_explicit() function to clear the content of a * kvmalloc'ed object containing sensitive data to make sure that the * compiler won't optimize out the data clearing. */ void kvfree_sensitive(const void *addr, size_t len) { if (likely(!ZERO_OR_NULL_PTR(addr))) { memzero_explicit((void *)addr, len); kvfree(addr); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kvfree_sensitive); static inline void *__page_rmapping(struct page *page) { unsigned long mapping; mapping = (unsigned long)page->mapping; mapping &= ~PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS; return (void *)mapping; } /* Neutral page->mapping pointer to address_space or anon_vma or other */ void *page_rmapping(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); return __page_rmapping(page); } /* * Return true if this page is mapped into pagetables. * For compound page it returns true if any subpage of compound page is mapped. */ bool page_mapped(struct page *page) { int i; if (likely(!PageCompound(page))) return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) >= 0; page = compound_head(page); if (atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(page)) >= 0) return true; if (PageHuge(page)) return false; for (i = 0; i < compound_nr(page); i++) { if (atomic_read(&page[i]._mapcount) >= 0) return true; } return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_mapped); struct anon_vma *page_anon_vma(struct page *page) { unsigned long mapping; page = compound_head(page); mapping = (unsigned long)page->mapping; if ((mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) != PAGE_MAPPING_ANON) return NULL; return __page_rmapping(page); } struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping; page = compound_head(page); /* This happens if someone calls flush_dcache_page on slab page */ if (unlikely(PageSlab(page))) return NULL; if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) { swp_entry_t entry; entry.val = page_private(page); return swap_address_space(entry); } mapping = page->mapping; if ((unsigned long)mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_ANON) return NULL; return (void *)((unsigned long)mapping & ~PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_mapping); /* * For file cache pages, return the address_space, otherwise return NULL */ struct address_space *page_mapping_file(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return NULL; return page_mapping(page); } /* Slow path of page_mapcount() for compound pages */ int __page_mapcount(struct page *page) { int ret; ret = atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) + 1; /* * For file THP page->_mapcount contains total number of mapping * of the page: no need to look into compound_mapcount. */ if (!PageAnon(page) && !PageHuge(page)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); ret += atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(page)) + 1; if (PageDoubleMap(page)) ret--; return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__page_mapcount); int sysctl_overcommit_memory __read_mostly = OVERCOMMIT_GUESS; int sysctl_overcommit_ratio __read_mostly = 50; unsigned long sysctl_overcommit_kbytes __read_mostly; int sysctl_max_map_count __read_mostly = DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT; unsigned long sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes __read_mostly = 1UL << 17; /* 128MB */ unsigned long sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes __read_mostly = 1UL << 13; /* 8MB */ int overcommit_ratio_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; ret = proc_dointvec(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (ret == 0 && write) sysctl_overcommit_kbytes = 0; return ret; } static void sync_overcommit_as(struct work_struct *dummy) { percpu_counter_sync(&vm_committed_as); } int overcommit_policy_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { struct ctl_table t; int new_policy = -1; int ret; /* * The deviation of sync_overcommit_as could be big with loose policy * like OVERCOMMIT_ALWAYS/OVERCOMMIT_GUESS. When changing policy to * strict OVERCOMMIT_NEVER, we need to reduce the deviation to comply * with the strict "NEVER", and to avoid possible race condtion (even * though user usually won't too frequently do the switching to policy * OVERCOMMIT_NEVER), the switch is done in the following order: * 1. changing the batch * 2. sync percpu count on each CPU * 3. switch the policy */ if (write) { t = *table; t.data = &new_policy; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(&t, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (ret || new_policy == -1) return ret; mm_compute_batch(new_policy); if (new_policy == OVERCOMMIT_NEVER) schedule_on_each_cpu(sync_overcommit_as); sysctl_overcommit_memory = new_policy; } else { ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } return ret; } int overcommit_kbytes_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; ret = proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (ret == 0 && write) sysctl_overcommit_ratio = 0; return ret; } /* * Committed memory limit enforced when OVERCOMMIT_NEVER policy is used */ unsigned long vm_commit_limit(void) { unsigned long allowed; if (sysctl_overcommit_kbytes) allowed = sysctl_overcommit_kbytes >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); else allowed = ((totalram_pages() - hugetlb_total_pages()) * sysctl_overcommit_ratio / 100); allowed += total_swap_pages; return allowed; } /* * Make sure vm_committed_as in one cacheline and not cacheline shared with * other variables. It can be updated by several CPUs frequently. */ struct percpu_counter vm_committed_as ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* * The global memory commitment made in the system can be a metric * that can be used to drive ballooning decisions when Linux is hosted * as a guest. On Hyper-V, the host implements a policy engine for dynamically * balancing memory across competing virtual machines that are hosted. * Several metrics drive this policy engine including the guest reported * memory commitment. * * The time cost of this is very low for small platforms, and for big * platform like a 2S/36C/72T Skylake server, in worst case where * vm_committed_as's spinlock is under severe contention, the time cost * could be about 30~40 microseconds. */ unsigned long vm_memory_committed(void) { return percpu_counter_sum_positive(&vm_committed_as); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vm_memory_committed); /* * Check that a process has enough memory to allocate a new virtual * mapping. 0 means there is enough memory for the allocation to * succeed and -ENOMEM implies there is not. * * We currently support three overcommit policies, which are set via the * vm.overcommit_memory sysctl. See Documentation/vm/overcommit-accounting.rst * * Strict overcommit modes added 2002 Feb 26 by Alan Cox. * Additional code 2002 Jul 20 by Robert Love. * * cap_sys_admin is 1 if the process has admin privileges, 0 otherwise. * * Note this is a helper function intended to be used by LSMs which * wish to use this logic. */ int __vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages, int cap_sys_admin) { long allowed; vm_acct_memory(pages); /* * Sometimes we want to use more memory than we have */ if (sysctl_overcommit_memory == OVERCOMMIT_ALWAYS) return 0; if (sysctl_overcommit_memory == OVERCOMMIT_GUESS) { if (pages > totalram_pages() + total_swap_pages) goto error; return 0; } allowed = vm_commit_limit(); /* * Reserve some for root */ if (!cap_sys_admin) allowed -= sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); /* * Don't let a single process grow so big a user can't recover */ if (mm) { long reserve = sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); allowed -= min_t(long, mm->total_vm / 32, reserve); } if (percpu_counter_read_positive(&vm_committed_as) < allowed) return 0; error: vm_unacct_memory(pages); return -ENOMEM; } /** * get_cmdline() - copy the cmdline value to a buffer. * @task: the task whose cmdline value to copy. * @buffer: the buffer to copy to. * @buflen: the length of the buffer. Larger cmdline values are truncated * to this length. * * Return: the size of the cmdline field copied. Note that the copy does * not guarantee an ending NULL byte. */ int get_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer, int buflen) { int res = 0; unsigned int len; struct mm_struct *mm = get_task_mm(task); unsigned long arg_start, arg_end, env_start, env_end; if (!mm) goto out; if (!mm->arg_end) goto out_mm; /* Shh! No looking before we're done */ spin_lock(&mm->arg_lock); arg_start = mm->arg_start; arg_end = mm->arg_end; env_start = mm->env_start; env_end = mm->env_end; spin_unlock(&mm->arg_lock); len = arg_end - arg_start; if (len > buflen) len = buflen; res = access_process_vm(task, arg_start, buffer, len, FOLL_FORCE); /* * If the nul at the end of args has been overwritten, then * assume application is using setproctitle(3). */ if (res > 0 && buffer[res-1] != '\0' && len < buflen) { len = strnlen(buffer, res); if (len < res) { res = len; } else { len = env_end - env_start; if (len > buflen - res) len = buflen - res; res += access_process_vm(task, env_start, buffer+res, len, FOLL_FORCE); res = strnlen(buffer, res); } } out_mm: mmput(mm); out: return res; } int __weak memcmp_pages(struct page *page1, struct page *page2) { char *addr1, *addr2; int ret; addr1 = kmap_atomic(page1); addr2 = kmap_atomic(page2); ret = memcmp(addr1, addr2, PAGE_SIZE); kunmap_atomic(addr2); kunmap_atomic(addr1); return ret; }
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2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NET_XFRM_H #define _NET_XFRM_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/xfrm.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/pfkeyv2.h> #include <linux/ipsec.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/dst.h> #include <net/ip.h> #include <net/route.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <net/ip6_fib.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/gro_cells.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM_STATISTICS #include <net/snmp.h> #endif #define XFRM_PROTO_ESP 50 #define XFRM_PROTO_AH 51 #define XFRM_PROTO_COMP 108 #define XFRM_PROTO_IPIP 4 #define XFRM_PROTO_IPV6 41 #define XFRM_PROTO_ROUTING IPPROTO_ROUTING #define XFRM_PROTO_DSTOPTS IPPROTO_DSTOPTS #define XFRM_ALIGN4(len) (((len) + 3) & ~3) #define XFRM_ALIGN8(len) (((len) + 7) & ~7) #define MODULE_ALIAS_XFRM_MODE(family, encap) \ MODULE_ALIAS("xfrm-mode-" __stringify(family) "-" __stringify(encap)) #define MODULE_ALIAS_XFRM_TYPE(family, proto) \ MODULE_ALIAS("xfrm-type-" __stringify(family) "-" __stringify(proto)) #define MODULE_ALIAS_XFRM_OFFLOAD_TYPE(family, proto) \ MODULE_ALIAS("xfrm-offload-" __stringify(family) "-" __stringify(proto)) #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM_STATISTICS #define XFRM_INC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.xfrm_statistics, field) #else #define XFRM_INC_STATS(net, field) ((void)(net)) #endif /* Organization of SPD aka "XFRM rules" ------------------------------------ Basic objects: - policy rule, struct xfrm_policy (=SPD entry) - bundle of transformations, struct dst_entry == struct xfrm_dst (=SA bundle) - instance of a transformer, struct xfrm_state (=SA) - template to clone xfrm_state, struct xfrm_tmpl SPD is plain linear list of xfrm_policy rules, ordered by priority. (To be compatible with existing pfkeyv2 implementations, many rules with priority of 0x7fffffff are allowed to exist and such rules are ordered in an unpredictable way, thanks to bsd folks.) Lookup is plain linear search until the first match with selector. If "action" is "block", then we prohibit the flow, otherwise: if "xfrms_nr" is zero, the flow passes untransformed. Otherwise, policy entry has list of up to XFRM_MAX_DEPTH transformations, described by templates xfrm_tmpl. Each template is resolved to a complete xfrm_state (see below) and we pack bundle of transformations to a dst_entry returned to requestor. dst -. xfrm .-> xfrm_state #1 |---. child .-> dst -. xfrm .-> xfrm_state #2 |---. child .-> dst -. xfrm .-> xfrm_state #3 |---. child .-> NULL Bundles are cached at xrfm_policy struct (field ->bundles). Resolution of xrfm_tmpl ----------------------- Template contains: 1. ->mode Mode: transport or tunnel 2. ->id.proto Protocol: AH/ESP/IPCOMP 3. ->id.daddr Remote tunnel endpoint, ignored for transport mode. Q: allow to resolve security gateway? 4. ->id.spi If not zero, static SPI. 5. ->saddr Local tunnel endpoint, ignored for transport mode. 6. ->algos List of allowed algos. Plain bitmask now. Q: ealgos, aalgos, calgos. What a mess... 7. ->share Sharing mode. Q: how to implement private sharing mode? To add struct sock* to flow id? Having this template we search through SAD searching for entries with appropriate mode/proto/algo, permitted by selector. If no appropriate entry found, it is requested from key manager. PROBLEMS: Q: How to find all the bundles referring to a physical path for PMTU discovery? Seems, dst should contain list of all parents... and enter to infinite locking hierarchy disaster. No! It is easier, we will not search for them, let them find us. We add genid to each dst plus pointer to genid of raw IP route, pmtu disc will update pmtu on raw IP route and increase its genid. dst_check() will see this for top level and trigger resyncing metrics. Plus, it will be made via sk->sk_dst_cache. Solved. */ struct xfrm_state_walk { struct list_head all; u8 state; u8 dying; u8 proto; u32 seq; struct xfrm_address_filter *filter; }; struct xfrm_state_offload { struct net_device *dev; struct net_device *real_dev; unsigned long offload_handle; unsigned int num_exthdrs; u8 flags; }; struct xfrm_mode { u8 encap; u8 family; u8 flags; }; /* Flags for xfrm_mode. */ enum { XFRM_MODE_FLAG_TUNNEL = 1, }; /* Full description of state of transformer. */ struct xfrm_state { possible_net_t xs_net; union { struct hlist_node gclist; struct hlist_node bydst; }; struct hlist_node bysrc; struct hlist_node byspi; refcount_t refcnt; spinlock_t lock; struct xfrm_id id; struct xfrm_selector sel; struct xfrm_mark mark; u32 if_id; u32 tfcpad; u32 genid; /* Key manager bits */ struct xfrm_state_walk km; /* Parameters of this state. */ struct { u32 reqid; u8 mode; u8 replay_window; u8 aalgo, ealgo, calgo; u8 flags; u16 family; xfrm_address_t saddr; int header_len; int trailer_len; u32 extra_flags; struct xfrm_mark smark; } props; struct xfrm_lifetime_cfg lft; /* Data for transformer */ struct xfrm_algo_auth *aalg; struct xfrm_algo *ealg; struct xfrm_algo *calg; struct xfrm_algo_aead *aead; const char *geniv; /* Data for encapsulator */ struct xfrm_encap_tmpl *encap; struct sock __rcu *encap_sk; /* Data for care-of address */ xfrm_address_t *coaddr; /* IPComp needs an IPIP tunnel for handling uncompressed packets */ struct xfrm_state *tunnel; /* If a tunnel, number of users + 1 */ atomic_t tunnel_users; /* State for replay detection */ struct xfrm_replay_state replay; struct xfrm_replay_state_esn *replay_esn; /* Replay detection state at the time we sent the last notification */ struct xfrm_replay_state preplay; struct xfrm_replay_state_esn *preplay_esn; /* The functions for replay detection. */ const struct xfrm_replay *repl; /* internal flag that only holds state for delayed aevent at the * moment */ u32 xflags; /* Replay detection notification settings */ u32 replay_maxage; u32 replay_maxdiff; /* Replay detection notification timer */ struct timer_list rtimer; /* Statistics */ struct xfrm_stats stats; struct xfrm_lifetime_cur curlft; struct hrtimer mtimer; struct xfrm_state_offload xso; /* used to fix curlft->add_time when changing date */ long saved_tmo; /* Last used time */ time64_t lastused; struct page_frag xfrag; /* Reference to data common to all the instances of this * transformer. */ const struct xfrm_type *type; struct xfrm_mode inner_mode; struct xfrm_mode inner_mode_iaf; struct xfrm_mode outer_mode; const struct xfrm_type_offload *type_offload; /* Security context */ struct xfrm_sec_ctx *security; /* Private data of this transformer, format is opaque, * interpreted by xfrm_type methods. */ void *data; }; static inline struct net *xs_net(struct xfrm_state *x) { return read_pnet(&x->xs_net); } /* xflags - make enum if more show up */ #define XFRM_TIME_DEFER 1 #define XFRM_SOFT_EXPIRE 2 enum { XFRM_STATE_VOID, XFRM_STATE_ACQ, XFRM_STATE_VALID, XFRM_STATE_ERROR, XFRM_STATE_EXPIRED, XFRM_STATE_DEAD }; /* callback structure passed from either netlink or pfkey */ struct km_event { union { u32 hard; u32 proto; u32 byid; u32 aevent; u32 type; } data; u32 seq; u32 portid; u32 event; struct net *net; }; struct xfrm_replay { void (*advance)(struct xfrm_state *x, __be32 net_seq); int (*check)(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 net_seq); int (*recheck)(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 net_seq); void (*notify)(struct xfrm_state *x, int event); int (*overflow)(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb); }; struct xfrm_if_cb { struct xfrm_if *(*decode_session)(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned short family); }; void xfrm_if_register_cb(const struct xfrm_if_cb *ifcb); void xfrm_if_unregister_cb(void); struct net_device; struct xfrm_type; struct xfrm_dst; struct xfrm_policy_afinfo { struct dst_ops *dst_ops; struct dst_entry *(*dst_lookup)(struct net *net, int tos, int oif, const xfrm_address_t *saddr, const xfrm_address_t *daddr, u32 mark); int (*get_saddr)(struct net *net, int oif, xfrm_address_t *saddr, xfrm_address_t *daddr, u32 mark); int (*fill_dst)(struct xfrm_dst *xdst, struct net_device *dev, const struct flowi *fl); struct dst_entry *(*blackhole_route)(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *orig); }; int xfrm_policy_register_afinfo(const struct xfrm_policy_afinfo *afinfo, int family); void xfrm_policy_unregister_afinfo(const struct xfrm_policy_afinfo *afinfo); void km_policy_notify(struct xfrm_policy *xp, int dir, const struct km_event *c); void km_state_notify(struct xfrm_state *x, const struct km_event *c); struct xfrm_tmpl; int km_query(struct xfrm_state *x, struct xfrm_tmpl *t, struct xfrm_policy *pol); void km_state_expired(struct xfrm_state *x, int hard, u32 portid); int __xfrm_state_delete(struct xfrm_state *x); struct xfrm_state_afinfo { u8 family; u8 proto; const struct xfrm_type_offload *type_offload_esp; const struct xfrm_type *type_esp; const struct xfrm_type *type_ipip; const struct xfrm_type *type_ipip6; const struct xfrm_type *type_comp; const struct xfrm_type *type_ah; const struct xfrm_type *type_routing; const struct xfrm_type *type_dstopts; int (*output)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*transport_finish)(struct sk_buff *skb, int async); void (*local_error)(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu); }; int xfrm_state_register_afinfo(struct xfrm_state_afinfo *afinfo); int xfrm_state_unregister_afinfo(struct xfrm_state_afinfo *afinfo); struct xfrm_state_afinfo *xfrm_state_get_afinfo(unsigned int family); struct xfrm_state_afinfo *xfrm_state_afinfo_get_rcu(unsigned int family); struct xfrm_input_afinfo { u8 family; bool is_ipip; int (*callback)(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 protocol, int err); }; int xfrm_input_register_afinfo(const struct xfrm_input_afinfo *afinfo); int xfrm_input_unregister_afinfo(const struct xfrm_input_afinfo *afinfo); void xfrm_flush_gc(void); void xfrm_state_delete_tunnel(struct xfrm_state *x); struct xfrm_type { char *description; struct module *owner; u8 proto; u8 flags; #define XFRM_TYPE_NON_FRAGMENT 1 #define XFRM_TYPE_REPLAY_PROT 2 #define XFRM_TYPE_LOCAL_COADDR 4 #define XFRM_TYPE_REMOTE_COADDR 8 int (*init_state)(struct xfrm_state *x); void (*destructor)(struct xfrm_state *); int (*input)(struct xfrm_state *, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*output)(struct xfrm_state *, struct sk_buff *pskb); int (*reject)(struct xfrm_state *, struct sk_buff *, const struct flowi *); int (*hdr_offset)(struct xfrm_state *, struct sk_buff *, u8 **); }; int xfrm_register_type(const struct xfrm_type *type, unsigned short family); void xfrm_unregister_type(const struct xfrm_type *type, unsigned short family); struct xfrm_type_offload { char *description; struct module *owner; u8 proto; void (*encap)(struct xfrm_state *, struct sk_buff *pskb); int (*input_tail)(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*xmit)(struct xfrm_state *, struct sk_buff *pskb, netdev_features_t features); }; int xfrm_register_type_offload(const struct xfrm_type_offload *type, unsigned short family); void xfrm_unregister_type_offload(const struct xfrm_type_offload *type, unsigned short family); static inline int xfrm_af2proto(unsigned int family) { switch(family) { case AF_INET: return IPPROTO_IPIP; case AF_INET6: return IPPROTO_IPV6; default: return 0; } } static inline const struct xfrm_mode *xfrm_ip2inner_mode(struct xfrm_state *x, int ipproto) { if ((ipproto == IPPROTO_IPIP && x->props.family == AF_INET) || (ipproto == IPPROTO_IPV6 && x->props.family == AF_INET6)) return &x->inner_mode; else return &x->inner_mode_iaf; } struct xfrm_tmpl { /* id in template is interpreted as: * daddr - destination of tunnel, may be zero for transport mode. * spi - zero to acquire spi. Not zero if spi is static, then * daddr must be fixed too. * proto - AH/ESP/IPCOMP */ struct xfrm_id id; /* Source address of tunnel. Ignored, if it is not a tunnel. */ xfrm_address_t saddr; unsigned short encap_family; u32 reqid; /* Mode: transport, tunnel etc. */ u8 mode; /* Sharing mode: unique, this session only, this user only etc. */ u8 share; /* May skip this transfomration if no SA is found */ u8 optional; /* Skip aalgos/ealgos/calgos checks. */ u8 allalgs; /* Bit mask of algos allowed for acquisition */ u32 aalgos; u32 ealgos; u32 calgos; }; #define XFRM_MAX_DEPTH 6 #define XFRM_MAX_OFFLOAD_DEPTH 1 struct xfrm_policy_walk_entry { struct list_head all; u8 dead; }; struct xfrm_policy_walk { struct xfrm_policy_walk_entry walk; u8 type; u32 seq; }; struct xfrm_policy_queue { struct sk_buff_head hold_queue; struct timer_list hold_timer; unsigned long timeout; }; struct xfrm_policy { possible_net_t xp_net; struct hlist_node bydst; struct hlist_node byidx; /* This lock only affects elements except for entry. */ rwlock_t lock; refcount_t refcnt; u32 pos; struct timer_list timer; atomic_t genid; u32 priority; u32 index; u32 if_id; struct xfrm_mark mark; struct xfrm_selector selector; struct xfrm_lifetime_cfg lft; struct xfrm_lifetime_cur curlft; struct xfrm_policy_walk_entry walk; struct xfrm_policy_queue polq; bool bydst_reinsert; u8 type; u8 action; u8 flags; u8 xfrm_nr; u16 family; struct xfrm_sec_ctx *security; struct xfrm_tmpl xfrm_vec[XFRM_MAX_DEPTH]; struct hlist_node bydst_inexact_list; struct rcu_head rcu; }; static inline struct net *xp_net(const struct xfrm_policy *xp) { return read_pnet(&xp->xp_net); } struct xfrm_kmaddress { xfrm_address_t local; xfrm_address_t remote; u32 reserved; u16 family; }; struct xfrm_migrate { xfrm_address_t old_daddr; xfrm_address_t old_saddr; xfrm_address_t new_daddr; xfrm_address_t new_saddr; u8 proto; u8 mode; u16 reserved; u32 reqid; u16 old_family; u16 new_family; }; #define XFRM_KM_TIMEOUT 30 /* what happened */ #define XFRM_REPLAY_UPDATE XFRM_AE_CR #define XFRM_REPLAY_TIMEOUT XFRM_AE_CE /* default aevent timeout in units of 100ms */ #define XFRM_AE_ETIME 10 /* Async Event timer multiplier */ #define XFRM_AE_ETH_M 10 /* default seq threshold size */ #define XFRM_AE_SEQT_SIZE 2 struct xfrm_mgr { struct list_head list; int (*notify)(struct xfrm_state *x, const struct km_event *c); int (*acquire)(struct xfrm_state *x, struct xfrm_tmpl *, struct xfrm_policy *xp); struct xfrm_policy *(*compile_policy)(struct sock *sk, int opt, u8 *data, int len, int *dir); int (*new_mapping)(struct xfrm_state *x, xfrm_address_t *ipaddr, __be16 sport); int (*notify_policy)(struct xfrm_policy *x, int dir, const struct km_event *c); int (*report)(struct net *net, u8 proto, struct xfrm_selector *sel, xfrm_address_t *addr); int (*migrate)(const struct xfrm_selector *sel, u8 dir, u8 type, const struct xfrm_migrate *m, int num_bundles, const struct xfrm_kmaddress *k, const struct xfrm_encap_tmpl *encap); bool (*is_alive)(const struct km_event *c); }; int xfrm_register_km(struct xfrm_mgr *km); int xfrm_unregister_km(struct xfrm_mgr *km); struct xfrm_tunnel_skb_cb { union { struct inet_skb_parm h4; struct inet6_skb_parm h6; } header; union { struct ip_tunnel *ip4; struct ip6_tnl *ip6; } tunnel; }; #define XFRM_TUNNEL_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct xfrm_tunnel_skb_cb *)&((__skb)->cb[0])) /* * This structure is used for the duration where packets are being * transformed by IPsec. As soon as the packet leaves IPsec the * area beyond the generic IP part may be overwritten. */ struct xfrm_skb_cb { struct xfrm_tunnel_skb_cb header; /* Sequence number for replay protection. */ union { struct { __u32 low; __u32 hi; } output; struct { __be32 low; __be32 hi; } input; } seq; }; #define XFRM_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct xfrm_skb_cb *)&((__skb)->cb[0])) /* * This structure is used by the afinfo prepare_input/prepare_output functions * to transmit header information to the mode input/output functions. */ struct xfrm_mode_skb_cb { struct xfrm_tunnel_skb_cb header; /* Copied from header for IPv4, always set to zero and DF for IPv6. */ __be16 id; __be16 frag_off; /* IP header length (excluding options or extension headers). */ u8 ihl; /* TOS for IPv4, class for IPv6. */ u8 tos; /* TTL for IPv4, hop limitfor IPv6. */ u8 ttl; /* Protocol for IPv4, NH for IPv6. */ u8 protocol; /* Option length for IPv4, zero for IPv6. */ u8 optlen; /* Used by IPv6 only, zero for IPv4. */ u8 flow_lbl[3]; }; #define XFRM_MODE_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct xfrm_mode_skb_cb *)&((__skb)->cb[0])) /* * This structure is used by the input processing to locate the SPI and * related information. */ struct xfrm_spi_skb_cb { struct xfrm_tunnel_skb_cb header; unsigned int daddroff; unsigned int family; __be32 seq; }; #define XFRM_SPI_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct xfrm_spi_skb_cb *)&((__skb)->cb[0])) #ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL static inline struct audit_buffer *xfrm_audit_start(const char *op) { struct audit_buffer *audit_buf = NULL; if (audit_enabled == AUDIT_OFF) return NULL; audit_buf = audit_log_start(audit_context(), GFP_ATOMIC, AUDIT_MAC_IPSEC_EVENT); if (audit_buf == NULL) return NULL; audit_log_format(audit_buf, "op=%s", op); return audit_buf; } static inline void xfrm_audit_helper_usrinfo(bool task_valid, struct audit_buffer *audit_buf) { const unsigned int auid = from_kuid(&init_user_ns, task_valid ? audit_get_loginuid(current) : INVALID_UID); const unsigned int ses = task_valid ? audit_get_sessionid(current) : AUDIT_SID_UNSET; audit_log_format(audit_buf, " auid=%u ses=%u", auid, ses); audit_log_task_context(audit_buf); } void xfrm_audit_policy_add(struct xfrm_policy *xp, int result, bool task_valid); void xfrm_audit_policy_delete(struct xfrm_policy *xp, int result, bool task_valid); void xfrm_audit_state_add(struct xfrm_state *x, int result, bool task_valid); void xfrm_audit_state_delete(struct xfrm_state *x, int result, bool task_valid); void xfrm_audit_state_replay_overflow(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb); void xfrm_audit_state_replay(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 net_seq); void xfrm_audit_state_notfound_simple(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family); void xfrm_audit_state_notfound(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, __be32 net_spi, __be32 net_seq); void xfrm_audit_state_icvfail(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb, u8 proto); #else static inline void xfrm_audit_policy_add(struct xfrm_policy *xp, int result, bool task_valid) { } static inline void xfrm_audit_policy_delete(struct xfrm_policy *xp, int result, bool task_valid) { } static inline void xfrm_audit_state_add(struct xfrm_state *x, int result, bool task_valid) { } static inline void xfrm_audit_state_delete(struct xfrm_state *x, int result, bool task_valid) { } static inline void xfrm_audit_state_replay_overflow(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb) { } static inline void xfrm_audit_state_replay(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 net_seq) { } static inline void xfrm_audit_state_notfound_simple(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family) { } static inline void xfrm_audit_state_notfound(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, __be32 net_spi, __be32 net_seq) { } static inline void xfrm_audit_state_icvfail(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb, u8 proto) { } #endif /* CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL */ static inline void xfrm_pol_hold(struct xfrm_policy *policy) { if (likely(policy != NULL)) refcount_inc(&policy->refcnt); } void xfrm_policy_destroy(struct xfrm_policy *policy); static inline void xfrm_pol_put(struct xfrm_policy *policy) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&policy->refcnt)) xfrm_policy_destroy(policy); } static inline void xfrm_pols_put(struct xfrm_policy **pols, int npols) { int i; for (i = npols - 1; i >= 0; --i) xfrm_pol_put(pols[i]); } void __xfrm_state_destroy(struct xfrm_state *, bool); static inline void __xfrm_state_put(struct xfrm_state *x) { refcount_dec(&x->refcnt); } static inline void xfrm_state_put(struct xfrm_state *x) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&x->refcnt)) __xfrm_state_destroy(x, false); } static inline void xfrm_state_put_sync(struct xfrm_state *x) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&x->refcnt)) __xfrm_state_destroy(x, true); } static inline void xfrm_state_hold(struct xfrm_state *x) { refcount_inc(&x->refcnt); } static inline bool addr_match(const void *token1, const void *token2, unsigned int prefixlen) { const __be32 *a1 = token1; const __be32 *a2 = token2; unsigned int pdw; unsigned int pbi; pdw = prefixlen >> 5; /* num of whole u32 in prefix */ pbi = prefixlen & 0x1f; /* num of bits in incomplete u32 in prefix */ if (pdw) if (memcmp(a1, a2, pdw << 2)) return false; if (pbi) { __be32 mask; mask = htonl((0xffffffff) << (32 - pbi)); if ((a1[pdw] ^ a2[pdw]) & mask) return false; } return true; } static inline bool addr4_match(__be32 a1, __be32 a2, u8 prefixlen) { /* C99 6.5.7 (3): u32 << 32 is undefined behaviour */ if (sizeof(long) == 4 && prefixlen == 0) return true; return !((a1 ^ a2) & htonl(~0UL << (32 - prefixlen))); } static __inline__ __be16 xfrm_flowi_sport(const struct flowi *fl, const union flowi_uli *uli) { __be16 port; switch(fl->flowi_proto) { case IPPROTO_TCP: case IPPROTO_UDP: case IPPROTO_UDPLITE: case IPPROTO_SCTP: port = uli->ports.sport; break; case IPPROTO_ICMP: case IPPROTO_ICMPV6: port = htons(uli->icmpt.type); break; case IPPROTO_MH: port = htons(uli->mht.type); break; case IPPROTO_GRE: port = htons(ntohl(uli->gre_key) >> 16); break; default: port = 0; /*XXX*/ } return port; } static __inline__ __be16 xfrm_flowi_dport(const struct flowi *fl, const union flowi_uli *uli) { __be16 port; switch(fl->flowi_proto) { case IPPROTO_TCP: case IPPROTO_UDP: case IPPROTO_UDPLITE: case IPPROTO_SCTP: port = uli->ports.dport; break; case IPPROTO_ICMP: case IPPROTO_ICMPV6: port = htons(uli->icmpt.code); break; case IPPROTO_GRE: port = htons(ntohl(uli->gre_key) & 0xffff); break; default: port = 0; /*XXX*/ } return port; } bool xfrm_selector_match(const struct xfrm_selector *sel, const struct flowi *fl, unsigned short family); #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_NETWORK_XFRM /* If neither has a context --> match * Otherwise, both must have a context and the sids, doi, alg must match */ static inline bool xfrm_sec_ctx_match(struct xfrm_sec_ctx *s1, struct xfrm_sec_ctx *s2) { return ((!s1 && !s2) || (s1 && s2 && (s1->ctx_sid == s2->ctx_sid) && (s1->ctx_doi == s2->ctx_doi) && (s1->ctx_alg == s2->ctx_alg))); } #else static inline bool xfrm_sec_ctx_match(struct xfrm_sec_ctx *s1, struct xfrm_sec_ctx *s2) { return true; } #endif /* A struct encoding bundle of transformations to apply to some set of flow. * * xdst->child points to the next element of bundle. * dst->xfrm points to an instanse of transformer. * * Due to unfortunate limitations of current routing cache, which we * have no time to fix, it mirrors struct rtable and bound to the same * routing key, including saddr,daddr. However, we can have many of * bundles differing by session id. All the bundles grow from a parent * policy rule. */ struct xfrm_dst { union { struct dst_entry dst; struct rtable rt; struct rt6_info rt6; } u; struct dst_entry *route; struct dst_entry *child; struct dst_entry *path; struct xfrm_policy *pols[XFRM_POLICY_TYPE_MAX]; int num_pols, num_xfrms; u32 xfrm_genid; u32 policy_genid; u32 route_mtu_cached; u32 child_mtu_cached; u32 route_cookie; u32 path_cookie; }; static inline struct dst_entry *xfrm_dst_path(const struct dst_entry *dst) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM if (dst->xfrm || (dst->flags & DST_XFRM_QUEUE)) { const struct xfrm_dst *xdst = (const struct xfrm_dst *) dst; return xdst->path; } #endif return (struct dst_entry *) dst; } static inline struct dst_entry *xfrm_dst_child(const struct dst_entry *dst) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM if (dst->xfrm || (dst->flags & DST_XFRM_QUEUE)) { struct xfrm_dst *xdst = (struct xfrm_dst *) dst; return xdst->child; } #endif return NULL; } #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM static inline void xfrm_dst_set_child(struct xfrm_dst *xdst, struct dst_entry *child) { xdst->child = child; } static inline void xfrm_dst_destroy(struct xfrm_dst *xdst) { xfrm_pols_put(xdst->pols, xdst->num_pols); dst_release(xdst->route); if (likely(xdst->u.dst.xfrm)) xfrm_state_put(xdst->u.dst.xfrm); } #endif void xfrm_dst_ifdown(struct dst_entry *dst, struct net_device *dev); struct xfrm_if_parms { int link; /* ifindex of underlying L2 interface */ u32 if_id; /* interface identifyer */ }; struct xfrm_if { struct xfrm_if __rcu *next; /* next interface in list */ struct net_device *dev; /* virtual device associated with interface */ struct net *net; /* netns for packet i/o */ struct xfrm_if_parms p; /* interface parms */ struct gro_cells gro_cells; }; struct xfrm_offload { /* Output sequence number for replay protection on offloading. */ struct { __u32 low; __u32 hi; } seq; __u32 flags; #define SA_DELETE_REQ 1 #define CRYPTO_DONE 2 #define CRYPTO_NEXT_DONE 4 #define CRYPTO_FALLBACK 8 #define XFRM_GSO_SEGMENT 16 #define XFRM_GRO 32 #define XFRM_ESP_NO_TRAILER 64 #define XFRM_DEV_RESUME 128 #define XFRM_XMIT 256 __u32 status; #define CRYPTO_SUCCESS 1 #define CRYPTO_GENERIC_ERROR 2 #define CRYPTO_TRANSPORT_AH_AUTH_FAILED 4 #define CRYPTO_TRANSPORT_ESP_AUTH_FAILED 8 #define CRYPTO_TUNNEL_AH_AUTH_FAILED 16 #define CRYPTO_TUNNEL_ESP_AUTH_FAILED 32 #define CRYPTO_INVALID_PACKET_SYNTAX 64 #define CRYPTO_INVALID_PROTOCOL 128 __u8 proto; }; struct sec_path { int len; int olen; struct xfrm_state *xvec[XFRM_MAX_DEPTH]; struct xfrm_offload ovec[XFRM_MAX_OFFLOAD_DEPTH]; }; struct sec_path *secpath_set(struct sk_buff *skb); static inline void secpath_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM skb_ext_del(skb, SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH); #endif } static inline int xfrm_addr_any(const xfrm_address_t *addr, unsigned short family) { switch (family) { case AF_INET: return addr->a4 == 0; case AF_INET6: return ipv6_addr_any(&addr->in6); } return 0; } static inline int __xfrm4_state_addr_cmp(const struct xfrm_tmpl *tmpl, const struct xfrm_state *x) { return (tmpl->saddr.a4 && tmpl->saddr.a4 != x->props.saddr.a4); } static inline int __xfrm6_state_addr_cmp(const struct xfrm_tmpl *tmpl, const struct xfrm_state *x) { return (!ipv6_addr_any((struct in6_addr*)&tmpl->saddr) && !ipv6_addr_equal((struct in6_addr *)&tmpl->saddr, (struct in6_addr*)&x->props.saddr)); } static inline int xfrm_state_addr_cmp(const struct xfrm_tmpl *tmpl, const struct xfrm_state *x, unsigned short family) { switch (family) { case AF_INET: return __xfrm4_state_addr_cmp(tmpl, x); case AF_INET6: return __xfrm6_state_addr_cmp(tmpl, x); } return !0; } #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM int __xfrm_policy_check(struct sock *, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned short family); static inline int __xfrm_policy_check2(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int family, int reverse) { struct net *net = dev_net(skb->dev); int ndir = dir | (reverse ? XFRM_POLICY_MASK + 1 : 0); if (sk && sk->sk_policy[XFRM_POLICY_IN]) return __xfrm_policy_check(sk, ndir, skb, family); return (!net->xfrm.policy_count[dir] && !secpath_exists(skb)) || (skb_dst(skb) && (skb_dst(skb)->flags & DST_NOPOLICY)) || __xfrm_policy_check(sk, ndir, skb, family); } static inline int xfrm_policy_check(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned short family) { return __xfrm_policy_check2(sk, dir, skb, family, 0); } static inline int xfrm4_policy_check(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb) { return xfrm_policy_check(sk, dir, skb, AF_INET); } static inline int xfrm6_policy_check(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb) { return xfrm_policy_check(sk, dir, skb, AF_INET6); } static inline int xfrm4_policy_check_reverse(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb) { return __xfrm_policy_check2(sk, dir, skb, AF_INET, 1); } static inline int xfrm6_policy_check_reverse(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb) { return __xfrm_policy_check2(sk, dir, skb, AF_INET6, 1); } int __xfrm_decode_session(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, unsigned int family, int reverse); static inline int xfrm_decode_session(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, unsigned int family) { return __xfrm_decode_session(skb, fl, family, 0); } static inline int xfrm_decode_session_reverse(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, unsigned int family) { return __xfrm_decode_session(skb, fl, family, 1); } int __xfrm_route_forward(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned short family); static inline int xfrm_route_forward(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned short family) { struct net *net = dev_net(skb->dev); return !net->xfrm.policy_count[XFRM_POLICY_OUT] || (skb_dst(skb)->flags & DST_NOXFRM) || __xfrm_route_forward(skb, family); } static inline int xfrm4_route_forward(struct sk_buff *skb) { return xfrm_route_forward(skb, AF_INET); } static inline int xfrm6_route_forward(struct sk_buff *skb) { return xfrm_route_forward(skb, AF_INET6); } int __xfrm_sk_clone_policy(struct sock *sk, const struct sock *osk); static inline int xfrm_sk_clone_policy(struct sock *sk, const struct sock *osk) { sk->sk_policy[0] = NULL; sk->sk_policy[1] = NULL; if (unlikely(osk->sk_policy[0] || osk->sk_policy[1])) return __xfrm_sk_clone_policy(sk, osk); return 0; } int xfrm_policy_delete(struct xfrm_policy *pol, int dir); static inline void xfrm_sk_free_policy(struct sock *sk) { struct xfrm_policy *pol; pol = rcu_dereference_protected(sk->sk_policy[0], 1); if (unlikely(pol != NULL)) { xfrm_policy_delete(pol, XFRM_POLICY_MAX); sk->sk_policy[0] = NULL; } pol = rcu_dereference_protected(sk->sk_policy[1], 1); if (unlikely(pol != NULL)) { xfrm_policy_delete(pol, XFRM_POLICY_MAX+1); sk->sk_policy[1] = NULL; } } #else static inline void xfrm_sk_free_policy(struct sock *sk) {} static inline int xfrm_sk_clone_policy(struct sock *sk, const struct sock *osk) { return 0; } static inline int xfrm6_route_forward(struct sk_buff *skb) { return 1; } static inline int xfrm4_route_forward(struct sk_buff *skb) { return 1; } static inline int xfrm6_policy_check(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb) { return 1; } static inline int xfrm4_policy_check(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb) { return 1; } static inline int xfrm_policy_check(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned short family) { return 1; } static inline int xfrm_decode_session_reverse(struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, unsigned int family) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int xfrm4_policy_check_reverse(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb) { return 1; } static inline int xfrm6_policy_check_reverse(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct sk_buff *skb) { return 1; } #endif static __inline__ xfrm_address_t *xfrm_flowi_daddr(const struct flowi *fl, unsigned short family) { switch (family){ case AF_INET: return (xfrm_address_t *)&fl->u.ip4.daddr; case AF_INET6: return (xfrm_address_t *)&fl->u.ip6.daddr; } return NULL; } static __inline__ xfrm_address_t *xfrm_flowi_saddr(const struct flowi *fl, unsigned short family) { switch (family){ case AF_INET: return (xfrm_address_t *)&fl->u.ip4.saddr; case AF_INET6: return (xfrm_address_t *)&fl->u.ip6.saddr; } return NULL; } static __inline__ void xfrm_flowi_addr_get(const struct flowi *fl, xfrm_address_t *saddr, xfrm_address_t *daddr, unsigned short family) { switch(family) { case AF_INET: memcpy(&saddr->a4, &fl->u.ip4.saddr, sizeof(saddr->a4)); memcpy(&daddr->a4, &fl->u.ip4.daddr, sizeof(daddr->a4)); break; case AF_INET6: saddr->in6 = fl->u.ip6.saddr; daddr->in6 = fl->u.ip6.daddr; break; } } static __inline__ int __xfrm4_state_addr_check(const struct xfrm_state *x, const xfrm_address_t *daddr, const xfrm_address_t *saddr) { if (daddr->a4 == x->id.daddr.a4 && (saddr->a4 == x->props.saddr.a4 || !saddr->a4 || !x->props.saddr.a4)) return 1; return 0; } static __inline__ int __xfrm6_state_addr_check(const struct xfrm_state *x, const xfrm_address_t *daddr, const xfrm_address_t *saddr) { if (ipv6_addr_equal((struct in6_addr *)daddr, (struct in6_addr *)&x->id.daddr) && (ipv6_addr_equal((struct in6_addr *)saddr, (struct in6_addr *)&x->props.saddr) || ipv6_addr_any((struct in6_addr *)saddr) || ipv6_addr_any((struct in6_addr *)&x->props.saddr))) return 1; return 0; } static __inline__ int xfrm_state_addr_check(const struct xfrm_state *x, const xfrm_address_t *daddr, const xfrm_address_t *saddr, unsigned short family) { switch (family) { case AF_INET: return __xfrm4_state_addr_check(x, daddr, saddr); case AF_INET6: return __xfrm6_state_addr_check(x, daddr, saddr); } return 0; } static __inline__ int xfrm_state_addr_flow_check(const struct xfrm_state *x, const struct flowi *fl, unsigned short family) { switch (family) { case AF_INET: return __xfrm4_state_addr_check(x, (const xfrm_address_t *)&fl->u.ip4.daddr, (const xfrm_address_t *)&fl->u.ip4.saddr); case AF_INET6: return __xfrm6_state_addr_check(x, (const xfrm_address_t *)&fl->u.ip6.daddr, (const xfrm_address_t *)&fl->u.ip6.saddr); } return 0; } static inline int xfrm_state_kern(const struct xfrm_state *x) { return atomic_read(&x->tunnel_users); } static inline bool xfrm_id_proto_valid(u8 proto) { switch (proto) { case IPPROTO_AH: case IPPROTO_ESP: case IPPROTO_COMP: #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) case IPPROTO_ROUTING: case IPPROTO_DSTOPTS: #endif return true; default: return false; } } /* IPSEC_PROTO_ANY only matches 3 IPsec protocols, 0 could match all. */ static inline int xfrm_id_proto_match(u8 proto, u8 userproto) { return (!userproto || proto == userproto || (userproto == IPSEC_PROTO_ANY && (proto == IPPROTO_AH || proto == IPPROTO_ESP || proto == IPPROTO_COMP))); } /* * xfrm algorithm information */ struct xfrm_algo_aead_info { char *geniv; u16 icv_truncbits; }; struct xfrm_algo_auth_info { u16 icv_truncbits; u16 icv_fullbits; }; struct xfrm_algo_encr_info { char *geniv; u16 blockbits; u16 defkeybits; }; struct xfrm_algo_comp_info { u16 threshold; }; struct xfrm_algo_desc { char *name; char *compat; u8 available:1; u8 pfkey_supported:1; union { struct xfrm_algo_aead_info aead; struct xfrm_algo_auth_info auth; struct xfrm_algo_encr_info encr; struct xfrm_algo_comp_info comp; } uinfo; struct sadb_alg desc; }; /* XFRM protocol handlers. */ struct xfrm4_protocol { int (*handler)(struct sk_buff *skb); int (*input_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, __be32 spi, int encap_type); int (*cb_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, int err); int (*err_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 info); struct xfrm4_protocol __rcu *next; int priority; }; struct xfrm6_protocol { int (*handler)(struct sk_buff *skb); int (*input_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, __be32 spi, int encap_type); int (*cb_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, int err); int (*err_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct inet6_skb_parm *opt, u8 type, u8 code, int offset, __be32 info); struct xfrm6_protocol __rcu *next; int priority; }; /* XFRM tunnel handlers. */ struct xfrm_tunnel { int (*handler)(struct sk_buff *skb); int (*cb_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, int err); int (*err_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 info); struct xfrm_tunnel __rcu *next; int priority; }; struct xfrm6_tunnel { int (*handler)(struct sk_buff *skb); int (*cb_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, int err); int (*err_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct inet6_skb_parm *opt, u8 type, u8 code, int offset, __be32 info); struct xfrm6_tunnel __rcu *next; int priority; }; void xfrm_init(void); void xfrm4_init(void); int xfrm_state_init(struct net *net); void xfrm_state_fini(struct net *net); void xfrm4_state_init(void); void xfrm4_protocol_init(void); #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM int xfrm6_init(void); void xfrm6_fini(void); int xfrm6_state_init(void); void xfrm6_state_fini(void); int xfrm6_protocol_init(void); void xfrm6_protocol_fini(void); #else static inline int xfrm6_init(void) { return 0; } static inline void xfrm6_fini(void) { ; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM_STATISTICS int xfrm_proc_init(struct net *net); void xfrm_proc_fini(struct net *net); #endif int xfrm_sysctl_init(struct net *net); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL void xfrm_sysctl_fini(struct net *net); #else static inline void xfrm_sysctl_fini(struct net *net) { } #endif void xfrm_state_walk_init(struct xfrm_state_walk *walk, u8 proto, struct xfrm_address_filter *filter); int xfrm_state_walk(struct net *net, struct xfrm_state_walk *walk, int (*func)(struct xfrm_state *, int, void*), void *); void xfrm_state_walk_done(struct xfrm_state_walk *walk, struct net *net); struct xfrm_state *xfrm_state_alloc(struct net *net); void xfrm_state_free(struct xfrm_state *x); struct xfrm_state *xfrm_state_find(const xfrm_address_t *daddr, const xfrm_address_t *saddr, const struct flowi *fl, struct xfrm_tmpl *tmpl, struct xfrm_policy *pol, int *err, unsigned short family, u32 if_id); struct xfrm_state *xfrm_stateonly_find(struct net *net, u32 mark, u32 if_id, xfrm_address_t *daddr, xfrm_address_t *saddr, unsigned short family, u8 mode, u8 proto, u32 reqid); struct xfrm_state *xfrm_state_lookup_byspi(struct net *net, __be32 spi, unsigned short family); int xfrm_state_check_expire(struct xfrm_state *x); void xfrm_state_insert(struct xfrm_state *x); int xfrm_state_add(struct xfrm_state *x); int xfrm_state_update(struct xfrm_state *x); struct xfrm_state *xfrm_state_lookup(struct net *net, u32 mark, const xfrm_address_t *daddr, __be32 spi, u8 proto, unsigned short family); struct xfrm_state *xfrm_state_lookup_byaddr(struct net *net, u32 mark, const xfrm_address_t *daddr, const xfrm_address_t *saddr, u8 proto, unsigned short family); #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM_SUB_POLICY void xfrm_tmpl_sort(struct xfrm_tmpl **dst, struct xfrm_tmpl **src, int n, unsigned short family); void xfrm_state_sort(struct xfrm_state **dst, struct xfrm_state **src, int n, unsigned short family); #else static inline void xfrm_tmpl_sort(struct xfrm_tmpl **d, struct xfrm_tmpl **s, int n, unsigned short family) { } static inline void xfrm_state_sort(struct xfrm_state **d, struct xfrm_state **s, int n, unsigned short family) { } #endif struct xfrmk_sadinfo { u32 sadhcnt; /* current hash bkts */ u32 sadhmcnt; /* max allowed hash bkts */ u32 sadcnt; /* current running count */ }; struct xfrmk_spdinfo { u32 incnt; u32 outcnt; u32 fwdcnt; u32 inscnt; u32 outscnt; u32 fwdscnt; u32 spdhcnt; u32 spdhmcnt; }; struct xfrm_state *xfrm_find_acq_byseq(struct net *net, u32 mark, u32 seq); int xfrm_state_delete(struct xfrm_state *x); int xfrm_state_flush(struct net *net, u8 proto, bool task_valid, bool sync); int xfrm_dev_state_flush(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, bool task_valid); void xfrm_sad_getinfo(struct net *net, struct xfrmk_sadinfo *si); void xfrm_spd_getinfo(struct net *net, struct xfrmk_spdinfo *si); u32 xfrm_replay_seqhi(struct xfrm_state *x, __be32 net_seq); int xfrm_init_replay(struct xfrm_state *x); u32 __xfrm_state_mtu(struct xfrm_state *x, int mtu); u32 xfrm_state_mtu(struct xfrm_state *x, int mtu); int __xfrm_init_state(struct xfrm_state *x, bool init_replay, bool offload); int xfrm_init_state(struct xfrm_state *x); int xfrm_input(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, __be32 spi, int encap_type); int xfrm_input_resume(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr); int xfrm_trans_queue_net(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, int (*finish)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)); int xfrm_trans_queue(struct sk_buff *skb, int (*finish)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)); int xfrm_output_resume(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int err); int xfrm_output(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_PKTGEN) int pktgen_xfrm_outer_mode_output(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb); #endif void xfrm_local_error(struct sk_buff *skb, int mtu); int xfrm4_extract_input(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm4_rcv_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, __be32 spi, int encap_type); int xfrm4_transport_finish(struct sk_buff *skb, int async); int xfrm4_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm_parse_spi(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 nexthdr, __be32 *spi, __be32 *seq); static inline int xfrm4_rcv_spi(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, __be32 spi) { XFRM_TUNNEL_SKB_CB(skb)->tunnel.ip4 = NULL; XFRM_SPI_SKB_CB(skb)->family = AF_INET; XFRM_SPI_SKB_CB(skb)->daddroff = offsetof(struct iphdr, daddr); return xfrm_input(skb, nexthdr, spi, 0); } int xfrm4_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm4_output_finish(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm4_protocol_register(struct xfrm4_protocol *handler, unsigned char protocol); int xfrm4_protocol_deregister(struct xfrm4_protocol *handler, unsigned char protocol); int xfrm4_tunnel_register(struct xfrm_tunnel *handler, unsigned short family); int xfrm4_tunnel_deregister(struct xfrm_tunnel *handler, unsigned short family); void xfrm4_local_error(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu); int xfrm6_extract_input(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm6_rcv_spi(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, __be32 spi, struct ip6_tnl *t); int xfrm6_rcv_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, int nexthdr, __be32 spi, int encap_type); int xfrm6_transport_finish(struct sk_buff *skb, int async); int xfrm6_rcv_tnl(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip6_tnl *t); int xfrm6_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm6_input_addr(struct sk_buff *skb, xfrm_address_t *daddr, xfrm_address_t *saddr, u8 proto); void xfrm6_local_error(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu); int xfrm6_protocol_register(struct xfrm6_protocol *handler, unsigned char protocol); int xfrm6_protocol_deregister(struct xfrm6_protocol *handler, unsigned char protocol); int xfrm6_tunnel_register(struct xfrm6_tunnel *handler, unsigned short family); int xfrm6_tunnel_deregister(struct xfrm6_tunnel *handler, unsigned short family); __be32 xfrm6_tunnel_alloc_spi(struct net *net, xfrm_address_t *saddr); __be32 xfrm6_tunnel_spi_lookup(struct net *net, const xfrm_address_t *saddr); int xfrm6_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm6_output_finish(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm6_find_1stfragopt(struct xfrm_state *x, struct sk_buff *skb, u8 **prevhdr); #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM void xfrm6_local_rxpmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu); int xfrm4_udp_encap_rcv(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm6_udp_encap_rcv(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int xfrm_user_policy(struct sock *sk, int optname, sockptr_t optval, int optlen); #else static inline int xfrm_user_policy(struct sock *sk, int optname, sockptr_t optval, int optlen) { return -ENOPROTOOPT; } #endif struct dst_entry *__xfrm_dst_lookup(struct net *net, int tos, int oif, const xfrm_address_t *saddr, const xfrm_address_t *daddr, int family, u32 mark); struct xfrm_policy *xfrm_policy_alloc(struct net *net, gfp_t gfp); void xfrm_policy_walk_init(struct xfrm_policy_walk *walk, u8 type); int xfrm_policy_walk(struct net *net, struct xfrm_policy_walk *walk, int (*func)(struct xfrm_policy *, int, int, void*), void *); void xfrm_policy_walk_done(struct xfrm_policy_walk *walk, struct net *net); int xfrm_policy_insert(int dir, struct xfrm_policy *policy, int excl); struct xfrm_policy *xfrm_policy_bysel_ctx(struct net *net, const struct xfrm_mark *mark, u32 if_id, u8 type, int dir, struct xfrm_selector *sel, struct xfrm_sec_ctx *ctx, int delete, int *err); struct xfrm_policy *xfrm_policy_byid(struct net *net, const struct xfrm_mark *mark, u32 if_id, u8 type, int dir, u32 id, int delete, int *err); int xfrm_policy_flush(struct net *net, u8 type, bool task_valid); void xfrm_policy_hash_rebuild(struct net *net); u32 xfrm_get_acqseq(void); int verify_spi_info(u8 proto, u32 min, u32 max); int xfrm_alloc_spi(struct xfrm_state *x, u32 minspi, u32 maxspi); struct xfrm_state *xfrm_find_acq(struct net *net, const struct xfrm_mark *mark, u8 mode, u32 reqid, u32 if_id, u8 proto, const xfrm_address_t *daddr, const xfrm_address_t *saddr, int create, unsigned short family); int xfrm_sk_policy_insert(struct sock *sk, int dir, struct xfrm_policy *pol); #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM_MIGRATE int km_migrate(const struct xfrm_selector *sel, u8 dir, u8 type, const struct xfrm_migrate *m, int num_bundles, const struct xfrm_kmaddress *k, const struct xfrm_encap_tmpl *encap); struct xfrm_state *xfrm_migrate_state_find(struct xfrm_migrate *m, struct net *net); struct xfrm_state *xfrm_state_migrate(struct xfrm_state *x, struct xfrm_migrate *m, struct xfrm_encap_tmpl *encap); int xfrm_migrate(const struct xfrm_selector *sel, u8 dir, u8 type, struct xfrm_migrate *m, int num_bundles, struct xfrm_kmaddress *k, struct net *net, struct xfrm_encap_tmpl *encap); #endif int km_new_mapping(struct xfrm_state *x, xfrm_address_t *ipaddr, __be16 sport); void km_policy_expired(struct xfrm_policy *pol, int dir, int hard, u32 portid); int km_report(struct net *net, u8 proto, struct xfrm_selector *sel, xfrm_address_t *addr); void xfrm_input_init(void); int xfrm_parse_spi(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 nexthdr, __be32 *spi, __be32 *seq); void xfrm_probe_algs(void); int xfrm_count_pfkey_auth_supported(void); int xfrm_count_pfkey_enc_supported(void); struct xfrm_algo_desc *xfrm_aalg_get_byidx(unsigned int idx); struct xfrm_algo_desc *xfrm_ealg_get_byidx(unsigned int idx); struct xfrm_algo_desc *xfrm_aalg_get_byid(int alg_id); struct xfrm_algo_desc *xfrm_ealg_get_byid(int alg_id); struct xfrm_algo_desc *xfrm_calg_get_byid(int alg_id); struct xfrm_algo_desc *xfrm_aalg_get_byname(const char *name, int probe); struct xfrm_algo_desc *xfrm_ealg_get_byname(const char *name, int probe); struct xfrm_algo_desc *xfrm_calg_get_byname(const char *name, int probe); struct xfrm_algo_desc *xfrm_aead_get_byname(const char *name, int icv_len, int probe); static inline bool xfrm6_addr_equal(const xfrm_address_t *a, const xfrm_address_t *b) { return ipv6_addr_equal((const struct in6_addr *)a, (const struct in6_addr *)b); } static inline bool xfrm_addr_equal(const xfrm_address_t *a, const xfrm_address_t *b, sa_family_t family) { switch (family) { default: case AF_INET: return ((__force u32)a->a4 ^ (__force u32)b->a4) == 0; case AF_INET6: return xfrm6_addr_equal(a, b); } } static inline int xfrm_policy_id2dir(u32 index) { return index & 7; } #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM static inline int xfrm_aevent_is_on(struct net *net) { struct sock *nlsk; int ret = 0; rcu_read_lock(); nlsk = rcu_dereference(net->xfrm.nlsk); if (nlsk) ret = netlink_has_listeners(nlsk, XFRMNLGRP_AEVENTS); rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } static inline int xfrm_acquire_is_on(struct net *net) { struct sock *nlsk; int ret = 0; rcu_read_lock(); nlsk = rcu_dereference(net->xfrm.nlsk); if (nlsk) ret = netlink_has_listeners(nlsk, XFRMNLGRP_ACQUIRE); rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } #endif static inline unsigned int aead_len(struct xfrm_algo_aead *alg) { return sizeof(*alg) + ((alg->alg_key_len + 7) / 8); } static inline unsigned int xfrm_alg_len(const struct xfrm_algo *alg) { return sizeof(*alg) + ((alg->alg_key_len + 7) / 8); } static inline unsigned int xfrm_alg_auth_len(const struct xfrm_algo_auth *alg) { return sizeof(*alg) + ((alg->alg_key_len + 7) / 8); } static inline unsigned int xfrm_replay_state_esn_len(struct xfrm_replay_state_esn *replay_esn) { return sizeof(*replay_esn) + replay_esn->bmp_len * sizeof(__u32); } #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM_MIGRATE static inline int xfrm_replay_clone(struct xfrm_state *x, struct xfrm_state *orig) { x->replay_esn = kmemdup(orig->replay_esn, xfrm_replay_state_esn_len(orig->replay_esn), GFP_KERNEL); if (!x->replay_esn) return -ENOMEM; x->preplay_esn = kmemdup(orig->preplay_esn, xfrm_replay_state_esn_len(orig->preplay_esn), GFP_KERNEL); if (!x->preplay_esn) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } static inline struct xfrm_algo_aead *xfrm_algo_aead_clone(struct xfrm_algo_aead *orig) { return kmemdup(orig, aead_len(orig), GFP_KERNEL); } static inline struct xfrm_algo *xfrm_algo_clone(struct xfrm_algo *orig) { return kmemdup(orig, xfrm_alg_len(orig), GFP_KERNEL); } static inline struct xfrm_algo_auth *xfrm_algo_auth_clone(struct xfrm_algo_auth *orig) { return kmemdup(orig, xfrm_alg_auth_len(orig), GFP_KERNEL); } static inline void xfrm_states_put(struct xfrm_state **states, int n) { int i; for (i = 0; i < n; i++) xfrm_state_put(*(states + i)); } static inline void xfrm_states_delete(struct xfrm_state **states, int n) { int i; for (i = 0; i < n; i++) xfrm_state_delete(*(states + i)); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM static inline struct xfrm_state *xfrm_input_state(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct sec_path *sp = skb_sec_path(skb); return sp->xvec[sp->len - 1]; } #endif static inline struct xfrm_offload *xfrm_offload(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM struct sec_path *sp = skb_sec_path(skb); if (!sp || !sp->olen || sp->len != sp->olen) return NULL; return &sp->ovec[sp->olen - 1]; #else return NULL; #endif } void __init xfrm_dev_init(void); #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM_OFFLOAD void xfrm_dev_resume(struct sk_buff *skb); void xfrm_dev_backlog(struct softnet_data *sd); struct sk_buff *validate_xmit_xfrm(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features, bool *again); int xfrm_dev_state_add(struct net *net, struct xfrm_state *x, struct xfrm_user_offload *xuo); bool xfrm_dev_offload_ok(struct sk_buff *skb, struct xfrm_state *x); static inline void xfrm_dev_state_advance_esn(struct xfrm_state *x) { struct xfrm_state_offload *xso = &x->xso; if (xso->dev && xso->dev->xfrmdev_ops->xdo_dev_state_advance_esn) xso->dev->xfrmdev_ops->xdo_dev_state_advance_esn(x); } static inline bool xfrm_dst_offload_ok(struct dst_entry *dst) { struct xfrm_state *x = dst->xfrm; struct xfrm_dst *xdst; if (!x || !x->type_offload) return false; xdst = (struct xfrm_dst *) dst; if (!x->xso.offload_handle && !xdst->child->xfrm) return true; if (x->xso.offload_handle && (x->xso.dev == xfrm_dst_path(dst)->dev) && !xdst->child->xfrm) return true; return false; } static inline void xfrm_dev_state_delete(struct xfrm_state *x) { struct xfrm_state_offload *xso = &x->xso; if (xso->dev) xso->dev->xfrmdev_ops->xdo_dev_state_delete(x); } static inline void xfrm_dev_state_free(struct xfrm_state *x) { struct xfrm_state_offload *xso = &x->xso; struct net_device *dev = xso->dev; if (dev && dev->xfrmdev_ops) { if (dev->xfrmdev_ops->xdo_dev_state_free) dev->xfrmdev_ops->xdo_dev_state_free(x); xso->dev = NULL; dev_put(dev); } } #else static inline void xfrm_dev_resume(struct sk_buff *skb) { } static inline void xfrm_dev_backlog(struct softnet_data *sd) { } static inline struct sk_buff *validate_xmit_xfrm(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features, bool *again) { return skb; } static inline int xfrm_dev_state_add(struct net *net, struct xfrm_state *x, struct xfrm_user_offload *xuo) { return 0; } static inline void xfrm_dev_state_delete(struct xfrm_state *x) { } static inline void xfrm_dev_state_free(struct xfrm_state *x) { } static inline bool xfrm_dev_offload_ok(struct sk_buff *skb, struct xfrm_state *x) { return false; } static inline void xfrm_dev_state_advance_esn(struct xfrm_state *x) { } static inline bool xfrm_dst_offload_ok(struct dst_entry *dst) { return false; } #endif static inline int xfrm_mark_get(struct nlattr **attrs, struct xfrm_mark *m) { if (attrs[XFRMA_MARK]) memcpy(m, nla_data(attrs[XFRMA_MARK]), sizeof(struct xfrm_mark)); else m->v = m->m = 0; return m->v & m->m; } static inline int xfrm_mark_put(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct xfrm_mark *m) { int ret = 0; if (m->m | m->v) ret = nla_put(skb, XFRMA_MARK, sizeof(struct xfrm_mark), m); return ret; } static inline __u32 xfrm_smark_get(__u32 mark, struct xfrm_state *x) { struct xfrm_mark *m = &x->props.smark; return (m->v & m->m) | (mark & ~m->m); } static inline int xfrm_if_id_put(struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 if_id) { int ret = 0; if (if_id) ret = nla_put_u32(skb, XFRMA_IF_ID, if_id); return ret; } static inline int xfrm_tunnel_check(struct sk_buff *skb, struct xfrm_state *x, unsigned int family) { bool tunnel = false; switch(family) { case AF_INET: if (XFRM_TUNNEL_SKB_CB(skb)->tunnel.ip4) tunnel = true; break; case AF_INET6: if (XFRM_TUNNEL_SKB_CB(skb)->tunnel.ip6) tunnel = true; break; } if (tunnel && !(x->outer_mode.flags & XFRM_MODE_FLAG_TUNNEL)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } extern const int xfrm_msg_min[XFRM_NR_MSGTYPES]; extern const struct nla_policy xfrma_policy[XFRMA_MAX+1]; struct xfrm_translator { /* Allocate frag_list and put compat translation there */ int (*alloc_compat)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nlmsghdr *src); /* Allocate nlmsg with 64-bit translaton of received 32-bit message */ struct nlmsghdr *(*rcv_msg_compat)(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int maxtype, const struct nla_policy *policy, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); /* Translate 32-bit user_policy from sockptr */ int (*xlate_user_policy_sockptr)(u8 **pdata32, int optlen); struct module *owner; }; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_XFRM_USER_COMPAT) extern int xfrm_register_translator(struct xfrm_translator *xtr); extern int xfrm_unregister_translator(struct xfrm_translator *xtr); extern struct xfrm_translator *xfrm_get_translator(void); extern void xfrm_put_translator(struct xfrm_translator *xtr); #else static inline struct xfrm_translator *xfrm_get_translator(void) { return NULL; } static inline void xfrm_put_translator(struct xfrm_translator *xtr) { } #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline bool xfrm6_local_dontfrag(const struct sock *sk) { int proto; if (!sk || sk->sk_family != AF_INET6) return false; proto = sk->sk_protocol; if (proto == IPPROTO_UDP || proto == IPPROTO_RAW) return inet6_sk(sk)->dontfrag; return false; } #endif #endif /* _NET_XFRM_H */
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int skip; int count; bool nonempty; unsigned long cookie; int (*fn)(struct tcf_proto *, void *node, struct tcf_walker *); }; int register_tcf_proto_ops(struct tcf_proto_ops *ops); int unregister_tcf_proto_ops(struct tcf_proto_ops *ops); struct tcf_block_ext_info { enum flow_block_binder_type binder_type; tcf_chain_head_change_t *chain_head_change; void *chain_head_change_priv; u32 block_index; }; struct tcf_qevent { struct tcf_block *block; struct tcf_block_ext_info info; struct tcf_proto __rcu *filter_chain; }; struct tcf_block_cb; bool tcf_queue_work(struct rcu_work *rwork, work_func_t func); #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS struct tcf_chain *tcf_chain_get_by_act(struct tcf_block *block, u32 chain_index); void tcf_chain_put_by_act(struct tcf_chain *chain); struct tcf_chain *tcf_get_next_chain(struct tcf_block *block, struct tcf_chain *chain); struct tcf_proto *tcf_get_next_proto(struct tcf_chain *chain, struct tcf_proto *tp, bool rtnl_held); void tcf_block_netif_keep_dst(struct tcf_block *block); int tcf_block_get(struct tcf_block **p_block, struct tcf_proto __rcu **p_filter_chain, struct Qdisc *q, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int tcf_block_get_ext(struct tcf_block **p_block, struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_block_ext_info *ei, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void tcf_block_put(struct tcf_block *block); void tcf_block_put_ext(struct tcf_block *block, struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_block_ext_info *ei); static inline bool tcf_block_shared(struct tcf_block *block) { return block->index; } static inline bool tcf_block_non_null_shared(struct tcf_block *block) { return block && block->index; } static inline struct Qdisc *tcf_block_q(struct tcf_block *block) { WARN_ON(tcf_block_shared(block)); return block->q; } int tcf_classify(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *res, bool compat_mode); int tcf_classify_ingress(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcf_block *ingress_block, const struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *res, bool compat_mode); #else static inline bool tcf_block_shared(struct tcf_block *block) { return false; } static inline bool tcf_block_non_null_shared(struct tcf_block *block) { return false; } static inline int tcf_block_get(struct tcf_block **p_block, struct tcf_proto __rcu **p_filter_chain, struct Qdisc *q, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return 0; } static inline int tcf_block_get_ext(struct tcf_block **p_block, struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_block_ext_info *ei, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return 0; } static inline void tcf_block_put(struct tcf_block *block) { } static inline void tcf_block_put_ext(struct tcf_block *block, struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_block_ext_info *ei) { } static inline struct Qdisc *tcf_block_q(struct tcf_block *block) { return NULL; } static inline int tc_setup_cb_block_register(struct tcf_block *block, flow_setup_cb_t *cb, void *cb_priv) { return 0; } static inline void tc_setup_cb_block_unregister(struct tcf_block *block, flow_setup_cb_t *cb, void *cb_priv) { } static inline int tcf_classify(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *res, bool compat_mode) { return TC_ACT_UNSPEC; } static inline int tcf_classify_ingress(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcf_block *ingress_block, const struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *res, bool compat_mode) { return TC_ACT_UNSPEC; } #endif static inline unsigned long __cls_set_class(unsigned long *clp, unsigned long cl) { return xchg(clp, cl); } static inline void __tcf_bind_filter(struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_result *r, unsigned long base) { unsigned long cl; cl = q->ops->cl_ops->bind_tcf(q, base, r->classid); cl = __cls_set_class(&r->class, cl); if (cl) q->ops->cl_ops->unbind_tcf(q, cl); } static inline void tcf_bind_filter(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *r, unsigned long base) { struct Qdisc *q = tp->chain->block->q; /* Check q as it is not set for shared blocks. In that case, * setting class is not supported. */ if (!q) return; sch_tree_lock(q); __tcf_bind_filter(q, r, base); sch_tree_unlock(q); } static inline void __tcf_unbind_filter(struct Qdisc *q, struct tcf_result *r) { unsigned long cl; if ((cl = __cls_set_class(&r->class, 0)) != 0) q->ops->cl_ops->unbind_tcf(q, cl); } static inline void tcf_unbind_filter(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_result *r) { struct Qdisc *q = tp->chain->block->q; if (!q) return; __tcf_unbind_filter(q, r); } struct tcf_exts { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT __u32 type; /* for backward compat(TCA_OLD_COMPAT) */ int nr_actions; struct tc_action **actions; struct net *net; #endif /* Map to export classifier specific extension TLV types to the * generic extensions API. Unsupported extensions must be set to 0. */ int action; int police; }; static inline int tcf_exts_init(struct tcf_exts *exts, struct net *net, int action, int police) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT exts->type = 0; exts->nr_actions = 0; exts->net = net; exts->actions = kcalloc(TCA_ACT_MAX_PRIO, sizeof(struct tc_action *), GFP_KERNEL); if (!exts->actions) return -ENOMEM; #endif exts->action = action; exts->police = police; return 0; } /* Return false if the netns is being destroyed in cleanup_net(). Callers * need to do cleanup synchronously in this case, otherwise may race with * tc_action_net_exit(). Return true for other cases. */ static inline bool tcf_exts_get_net(struct tcf_exts *exts) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT exts->net = maybe_get_net(exts->net); return exts->net != NULL; #else return true; #endif } static inline void tcf_exts_put_net(struct tcf_exts *exts) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT if (exts->net) put_net(exts->net); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT #define tcf_exts_for_each_action(i, a, exts) \ for (i = 0; i < TCA_ACT_MAX_PRIO && ((a) = (exts)->actions[i]); i++) #else #define tcf_exts_for_each_action(i, a, exts) \ for (; 0; (void)(i), (void)(a), (void)(exts)) #endif static inline void tcf_exts_stats_update(const struct tcf_exts *exts, u64 bytes, u64 packets, u64 drops, u64 lastuse, u8 used_hw_stats, bool used_hw_stats_valid) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT int i; preempt_disable(); for (i = 0; i < exts->nr_actions; i++) { struct tc_action *a = exts->actions[i]; tcf_action_stats_update(a, bytes, packets, drops, lastuse, true); a->used_hw_stats = used_hw_stats; a->used_hw_stats_valid = used_hw_stats_valid; } preempt_enable(); #endif } /** * tcf_exts_has_actions - check if at least one action is present * @exts: tc filter extensions handle * * Returns true if at least one action is present. */ static inline bool tcf_exts_has_actions(struct tcf_exts *exts) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT return exts->nr_actions; #else return false; #endif } /** * tcf_exts_exec - execute tc filter extensions * @skb: socket buffer * @exts: tc filter extensions handle * @res: desired result * * Executes all configured extensions. Returns TC_ACT_OK on a normal execution, * a negative number if the filter must be considered unmatched or * a positive action code (TC_ACT_*) which must be returned to the * underlying layer. */ static inline int tcf_exts_exec(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_exts *exts, struct tcf_result *res) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT return tcf_action_exec(skb, exts->actions, exts->nr_actions, res); #endif return TC_ACT_OK; } int tcf_exts_validate(struct net *net, struct tcf_proto *tp, struct nlattr **tb, struct nlattr *rate_tlv, struct tcf_exts *exts, bool ovr, bool rtnl_held, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void tcf_exts_destroy(struct tcf_exts *exts); void tcf_exts_change(struct tcf_exts *dst, struct tcf_exts *src); int tcf_exts_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_exts *exts); int tcf_exts_terse_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_exts *exts); int tcf_exts_dump_stats(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_exts *exts); /** * struct tcf_pkt_info - packet information */ struct tcf_pkt_info { unsigned char * ptr; int nexthdr; }; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_EMATCH struct tcf_ematch_ops; /** * struct tcf_ematch - extended match (ematch) * * @matchid: identifier to allow userspace to reidentify a match * @flags: flags specifying attributes and the relation to other matches * @ops: the operations lookup table of the corresponding ematch module * @datalen: length of the ematch specific configuration data * @data: ematch specific data */ struct tcf_ematch { struct tcf_ematch_ops * ops; unsigned long data; unsigned int datalen; u16 matchid; u16 flags; struct net *net; }; static inline int tcf_em_is_container(struct tcf_ematch *em) { return !em->ops; } static inline int tcf_em_is_simple(struct tcf_ematch *em) { return em->flags & TCF_EM_SIMPLE; } static inline int tcf_em_is_inverted(struct tcf_ematch *em) { return em->flags & TCF_EM_INVERT; } static inline int tcf_em_last_match(struct tcf_ematch *em) { return (em->flags & TCF_EM_REL_MASK) == TCF_EM_REL_END; } static inline int tcf_em_early_end(struct tcf_ematch *em, int result) { if (tcf_em_last_match(em)) return 1; if (result == 0 && em->flags & TCF_EM_REL_AND) return 1; if (result != 0 && em->flags & TCF_EM_REL_OR) return 1; return 0; } /** * struct tcf_ematch_tree - ematch tree handle * * @hdr: ematch tree header supplied by userspace * @matches: array of ematches */ struct tcf_ematch_tree { struct tcf_ematch_tree_hdr hdr; struct tcf_ematch * matches; }; /** * struct tcf_ematch_ops - ematch module operations * * @kind: identifier (kind) of this ematch module * @datalen: length of expected configuration data (optional) * @change: called during validation (optional) * @match: called during ematch tree evaluation, must return 1/0 * @destroy: called during destroyage (optional) * @dump: called during dumping process (optional) * @owner: owner, must be set to THIS_MODULE * @link: link to previous/next ematch module (internal use) */ struct tcf_ematch_ops { int kind; int datalen; int (*change)(struct net *net, void *, int, struct tcf_ematch *); int (*match)(struct sk_buff *, struct tcf_ematch *, struct tcf_pkt_info *); void (*destroy)(struct tcf_ematch *); int (*dump)(struct sk_buff *, struct tcf_ematch *); struct module *owner; struct list_head link; }; int tcf_em_register(struct tcf_ematch_ops *); void tcf_em_unregister(struct tcf_ematch_ops *); int tcf_em_tree_validate(struct tcf_proto *, struct nlattr *, struct tcf_ematch_tree *); void tcf_em_tree_destroy(struct tcf_ematch_tree *); int tcf_em_tree_dump(struct sk_buff *, struct tcf_ematch_tree *, int); int __tcf_em_tree_match(struct sk_buff *, struct tcf_ematch_tree *, struct tcf_pkt_info *); /** * tcf_em_tree_match - evaulate an ematch tree * * @skb: socket buffer of the packet in question * @tree: ematch tree to be used for evaluation * @info: packet information examined by classifier * * This function matches @skb against the ematch tree in @tree by going * through all ematches respecting their logic relations returning * as soon as the result is obvious. * * Returns 1 if the ematch tree as-one matches, no ematches are configured * or ematch is not enabled in the kernel, otherwise 0 is returned. */ static inline int tcf_em_tree_match(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_ematch_tree *tree, struct tcf_pkt_info *info) { if (tree->hdr.nmatches) return __tcf_em_tree_match(skb, tree, info); else return 1; } #define MODULE_ALIAS_TCF_EMATCH(kind) MODULE_ALIAS("ematch-kind-" __stringify(kind)) #else /* CONFIG_NET_EMATCH */ struct tcf_ematch_tree { }; #define tcf_em_tree_validate(tp, tb, t) ((void)(t), 0) #define tcf_em_tree_destroy(t) do { (void)(t); } while(0) #define tcf_em_tree_dump(skb, t, tlv) (0) #define tcf_em_tree_match(skb, t, info) ((void)(info), 1) #endif /* CONFIG_NET_EMATCH */ static inline unsigned char * tcf_get_base_ptr(struct sk_buff *skb, int layer) { switch (layer) { case TCF_LAYER_LINK: return skb_mac_header(skb); case TCF_LAYER_NETWORK: return skb_network_header(skb); case TCF_LAYER_TRANSPORT: return skb_transport_header(skb); } return NULL; } static inline int tcf_valid_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb, const unsigned char *ptr, const int len) { return likely((ptr + len) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb) && ptr >= skb->head && (ptr <= (ptr + len))); } static inline int tcf_change_indev(struct net *net, struct nlattr *indev_tlv, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { char indev[IFNAMSIZ]; struct net_device *dev; if (nla_strlcpy(indev, indev_tlv, IFNAMSIZ) >= IFNAMSIZ) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(extack, indev_tlv, "Interface name too long"); return -EINVAL; } dev = __dev_get_by_name(net, indev); if (!dev) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(extack, indev_tlv, "Network device not found"); return -ENODEV; } return dev->ifindex; } static inline bool tcf_match_indev(struct sk_buff *skb, int ifindex) { if (!ifindex) return true; if (!skb->skb_iif) return false; return ifindex == skb->skb_iif; } int tc_setup_flow_action(struct flow_action *flow_action, const struct tcf_exts *exts); void tc_cleanup_flow_action(struct flow_action *flow_action); int tc_setup_cb_call(struct tcf_block *block, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, bool err_stop, bool rtnl_held); int tc_setup_cb_add(struct tcf_block *block, struct tcf_proto *tp, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, bool err_stop, u32 *flags, unsigned int *in_hw_count, bool rtnl_held); int tc_setup_cb_replace(struct tcf_block *block, struct tcf_proto *tp, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, bool err_stop, u32 *old_flags, unsigned int *old_in_hw_count, u32 *new_flags, unsigned int *new_in_hw_count, bool rtnl_held); int tc_setup_cb_destroy(struct tcf_block *block, struct tcf_proto *tp, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, bool err_stop, u32 *flags, unsigned int *in_hw_count, bool rtnl_held); int tc_setup_cb_reoffload(struct tcf_block *block, struct tcf_proto *tp, bool add, flow_setup_cb_t *cb, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, void *cb_priv, u32 *flags, unsigned int *in_hw_count); unsigned int tcf_exts_num_actions(struct tcf_exts *exts); #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT int tcf_qevent_init(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch, enum flow_block_binder_type binder_type, struct nlattr *block_index_attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void tcf_qevent_destroy(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch); int tcf_qevent_validate_change(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct nlattr *block_index_attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); struct sk_buff *tcf_qevent_handle(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff **to_free, int *ret); int tcf_qevent_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, int attr_name, struct tcf_qevent *qe); #else static inline int tcf_qevent_init(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch, enum flow_block_binder_type binder_type, struct nlattr *block_index_attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return 0; } static inline void tcf_qevent_destroy(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch) { } static inline int tcf_qevent_validate_change(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct nlattr *block_index_attr, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return 0; } static inline struct sk_buff * tcf_qevent_handle(struct tcf_qevent *qe, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff **to_free, int *ret) { return skb; } static inline int tcf_qevent_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, int attr_name, struct tcf_qevent *qe) { return 0; } #endif struct tc_cls_u32_knode { struct tcf_exts *exts; struct tcf_result *res; struct tc_u32_sel *sel; u32 handle; u32 val; u32 mask; u32 link_handle; u8 fshift; }; struct tc_cls_u32_hnode { u32 handle; u32 prio; unsigned int divisor; }; enum tc_clsu32_command { TC_CLSU32_NEW_KNODE, TC_CLSU32_REPLACE_KNODE, TC_CLSU32_DELETE_KNODE, TC_CLSU32_NEW_HNODE, TC_CLSU32_REPLACE_HNODE, TC_CLSU32_DELETE_HNODE, }; struct tc_cls_u32_offload { struct flow_cls_common_offload common; /* knode values */ enum tc_clsu32_command command; union { struct tc_cls_u32_knode knode; struct tc_cls_u32_hnode hnode; }; }; static inline bool tc_can_offload(const struct net_device *dev) { return dev->features & NETIF_F_HW_TC; } static inline bool tc_can_offload_extack(const struct net_device *dev, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { bool can = tc_can_offload(dev); if (!can) NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "TC offload is disabled on net device"); return can; } static inline bool tc_cls_can_offload_and_chain0(const struct net_device *dev, struct flow_cls_common_offload *common) { if (!tc_can_offload_extack(dev, common->extack)) return false; if (common->chain_index) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(common->extack, "Driver supports only offload of chain 0"); return false; } return true; } static inline bool tc_skip_hw(u32 flags) { return (flags & TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_HW) ? true : false; } static inline bool tc_skip_sw(u32 flags) { return (flags & TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_SW) ? true : false; } /* SKIP_HW and SKIP_SW are mutually exclusive flags. */ static inline bool tc_flags_valid(u32 flags) { if (flags & ~(TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_HW | TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_SW | TCA_CLS_FLAGS_VERBOSE)) return false; flags &= TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_HW | TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_SW; if (!(flags ^ (TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_HW | TCA_CLS_FLAGS_SKIP_SW))) return false; return true; } static inline bool tc_in_hw(u32 flags) { return (flags & TCA_CLS_FLAGS_IN_HW) ? true : false; } static inline void tc_cls_common_offload_init(struct flow_cls_common_offload *cls_common, const struct tcf_proto *tp, u32 flags, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { cls_common->chain_index = tp->chain->index; cls_common->protocol = tp->protocol; cls_common->prio = tp->prio >> 16; if (tc_skip_sw(flags) || flags & TCA_CLS_FLAGS_VERBOSE) cls_common->extack = extack; } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_TC_SKB_EXT) static inline struct tc_skb_ext *tc_skb_ext_alloc(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct tc_skb_ext *tc_skb_ext = skb_ext_add(skb, TC_SKB_EXT); if (tc_skb_ext) memset(tc_skb_ext, 0, sizeof(*tc_skb_ext)); return tc_skb_ext; } #endif enum tc_matchall_command { TC_CLSMATCHALL_REPLACE, TC_CLSMATCHALL_DESTROY, TC_CLSMATCHALL_STATS, }; struct tc_cls_matchall_offload { struct flow_cls_common_offload common; enum tc_matchall_command command; struct flow_rule *rule; struct flow_stats stats; unsigned long cookie; }; enum tc_clsbpf_command { TC_CLSBPF_OFFLOAD, TC_CLSBPF_STATS, }; struct tc_cls_bpf_offload { struct flow_cls_common_offload common; enum tc_clsbpf_command command; struct tcf_exts *exts; struct bpf_prog *prog; struct bpf_prog *oldprog; const char *name; bool exts_integrated; }; struct tc_mqprio_qopt_offload { /* struct tc_mqprio_qopt must always be the first element */ struct tc_mqprio_qopt qopt; u16 mode; u16 shaper; u32 flags; u64 min_rate[TC_QOPT_MAX_QUEUE]; u64 max_rate[TC_QOPT_MAX_QUEUE]; }; /* This structure holds cookie structure that is passed from user * to the kernel for actions and classifiers */ struct tc_cookie { u8 *data; u32 len; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct tc_qopt_offload_stats { struct gnet_stats_basic_packed *bstats; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; enum tc_mq_command { TC_MQ_CREATE, TC_MQ_DESTROY, TC_MQ_STATS, TC_MQ_GRAFT, }; struct tc_mq_opt_offload_graft_params { unsigned long queue; u32 child_handle; }; struct tc_mq_qopt_offload { enum tc_mq_command command; u32 handle; union { struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; struct tc_mq_opt_offload_graft_params graft_params; }; }; enum tc_red_command { TC_RED_REPLACE, TC_RED_DESTROY, TC_RED_STATS, TC_RED_XSTATS, TC_RED_GRAFT, }; struct tc_red_qopt_offload_params { u32 min; u32 max; u32 probability; u32 limit; bool is_ecn; bool is_harddrop; bool is_nodrop; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; struct tc_red_qopt_offload { enum tc_red_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_red_qopt_offload_params set; struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; struct red_stats *xstats; u32 child_handle; }; }; enum tc_gred_command { TC_GRED_REPLACE, TC_GRED_DESTROY, TC_GRED_STATS, }; struct tc_gred_vq_qopt_offload_params { bool present; u32 limit; u32 prio; u32 min; u32 max; bool is_ecn; bool is_harddrop; u32 probability; /* Only need backlog, see struct tc_prio_qopt_offload_params */ u32 *backlog; }; struct tc_gred_qopt_offload_params { bool grio_on; bool wred_on; unsigned int dp_cnt; unsigned int dp_def; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; struct tc_gred_vq_qopt_offload_params tab[MAX_DPs]; }; struct tc_gred_qopt_offload_stats { struct gnet_stats_basic_packed bstats[MAX_DPs]; struct gnet_stats_queue qstats[MAX_DPs]; struct red_stats *xstats[MAX_DPs]; }; struct tc_gred_qopt_offload { enum tc_gred_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_gred_qopt_offload_params set; struct tc_gred_qopt_offload_stats stats; }; }; enum tc_prio_command { TC_PRIO_REPLACE, TC_PRIO_DESTROY, TC_PRIO_STATS, TC_PRIO_GRAFT, }; struct tc_prio_qopt_offload_params { int bands; u8 priomap[TC_PRIO_MAX + 1]; /* At the point of un-offloading the Qdisc, the reported backlog and * qlen need to be reduced by the portion that is in HW. */ struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; struct tc_prio_qopt_offload_graft_params { u8 band; u32 child_handle; }; struct tc_prio_qopt_offload { enum tc_prio_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_prio_qopt_offload_params replace_params; struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; struct tc_prio_qopt_offload_graft_params graft_params; }; }; enum tc_root_command { TC_ROOT_GRAFT, }; struct tc_root_qopt_offload { enum tc_root_command command; u32 handle; bool ingress; }; enum tc_ets_command { TC_ETS_REPLACE, TC_ETS_DESTROY, TC_ETS_STATS, TC_ETS_GRAFT, }; struct tc_ets_qopt_offload_replace_params { unsigned int bands; u8 priomap[TC_PRIO_MAX + 1]; unsigned int quanta[TCQ_ETS_MAX_BANDS]; /* 0 for strict bands. */ unsigned int weights[TCQ_ETS_MAX_BANDS]; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; struct tc_ets_qopt_offload_graft_params { u8 band; u32 child_handle; }; struct tc_ets_qopt_offload { enum tc_ets_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_ets_qopt_offload_replace_params replace_params; struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; struct tc_ets_qopt_offload_graft_params graft_params; }; }; enum tc_tbf_command { TC_TBF_REPLACE, TC_TBF_DESTROY, TC_TBF_STATS, }; struct tc_tbf_qopt_offload_replace_params { struct psched_ratecfg rate; u32 max_size; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; struct tc_tbf_qopt_offload { enum tc_tbf_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_tbf_qopt_offload_replace_params replace_params; struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; }; }; enum tc_fifo_command { TC_FIFO_REPLACE, TC_FIFO_DESTROY, TC_FIFO_STATS, }; struct tc_fifo_qopt_offload { enum tc_fifo_command command; u32 handle; u32 parent; union { struct tc_qopt_offload_stats stats; }; }; #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note */ /* * include/linux/eventpoll.h ( Efficient event polling implementation ) * Copyright (C) 2001,...,2006 Davide Libenzi * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or * (at your option) any later version. * * Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> * */ #ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H #define _UAPI_LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H /* For O_CLOEXEC */ #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/types.h> /* Flags for epoll_create1. */ #define EPOLL_CLOEXEC O_CLOEXEC /* Valid opcodes to issue to sys_epoll_ctl() */ #define EPOLL_CTL_ADD 1 #define EPOLL_CTL_DEL 2 #define EPOLL_CTL_MOD 3 /* Epoll event masks */ #define EPOLLIN (__force __poll_t)0x00000001 #define EPOLLPRI (__force __poll_t)0x00000002 #define EPOLLOUT (__force __poll_t)0x00000004 #define EPOLLERR (__force __poll_t)0x00000008 #define EPOLLHUP (__force __poll_t)0x00000010 #define EPOLLNVAL (__force __poll_t)0x00000020 #define EPOLLRDNORM (__force __poll_t)0x00000040 #define EPOLLRDBAND (__force __poll_t)0x00000080 #define EPOLLWRNORM (__force __poll_t)0x00000100 #define EPOLLWRBAND (__force __poll_t)0x00000200 #define EPOLLMSG (__force __poll_t)0x00000400 #define EPOLLRDHUP (__force __poll_t)0x00002000 /* Set exclusive wakeup mode for the target file descriptor */ #define EPOLLEXCLUSIVE ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 28)) /* * Request the handling of system wakeup events so as to prevent system suspends * from happening while those events are being processed. * * Assuming neither EPOLLET nor EPOLLONESHOT is set, system suspends will not be * re-allowed until epoll_wait is called again after consuming the wakeup * event(s). * * Requires CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND */ #define EPOLLWAKEUP ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 29)) /* Set the One Shot behaviour for the target file descriptor */ #define EPOLLONESHOT ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 30)) /* Set the Edge Triggered behaviour for the target file descriptor */ #define EPOLLET ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 31)) /* * On x86-64 make the 64bit structure have the same alignment as the * 32bit structure. This makes 32bit emulation easier. * * UML/x86_64 needs the same packing as x86_64 */ #ifdef __x86_64__ #define EPOLL_PACKED __attribute__((packed)) #else #define EPOLL_PACKED #endif struct epoll_event { __poll_t events; __u64 data; } EPOLL_PACKED; #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP static inline void ep_take_care_of_epollwakeup(struct epoll_event *epev) { if ((epev->events & EPOLLWAKEUP) && !capable(CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND)) epev->events &= ~EPOLLWAKEUP; } #else static inline void ep_take_care_of_epollwakeup(struct epoll_event *epev) { epev->events &= ~EPOLLWAKEUP; } #endif #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H */
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3984 3985 3986 3987 3988 3989 3990 3991 3992 3993 3994 3995 3996 3997 3998 3999 4000 4001 4002 4003 4004 4005 4006 4007 4008 4009 4010 4011 4012 4013 4014 4015 4016 4017 4018 4019 4020 4021 4022 4023 4024 4025 4026 4027 4028 4029 4030 4031 4032 4033 4034 4035 4036 4037 4038 4039 4040 4041 4042 4043 4044 4045 4046 4047 4048 4049 4050 4051 4052 4053 4054 4055 4056 4057 4058 4059 4060 4061 4062 4063 4064 4065 4066 4067 4068 4069 4070 4071 4072 4073 4074 4075 4076 4077 4078 4079 4080 4081 4082 4083 4084 4085 4086 4087 4088 4089 4090 4091 4092 4093 4094 4095 4096 4097 4098 4099 4100 4101 4102 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 4108 4109 4110 4111 4112 4113 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119 4120 4121 4122 4123 4124 4125 4126 4127 4128 4129 4130 4131 4132 4133 4134 4135 4136 4137 4138 4139 4140 4141 4142 4143 4144 4145 4146 4147 4148 4149 4150 4151 4152 4153 4154 4155 4156 4157 4158 4159 4160 4161 4162 4163 4164 4165 4166 4167 4168 4169 4170 4171 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/namei.c * * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) * * from * * linux/fs/minix/namei.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * * Big-endian to little-endian byte-swapping/bitmaps by * David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu), 1995 * Directory entry file type support and forward compatibility hooks * for B-tree directories by Theodore Ts'o (tytso@mit.edu), 1998 * Hash Tree Directory indexing (c) * Daniel Phillips, 2001 * Hash Tree Directory indexing porting * Christopher Li, 2002 * Hash Tree Directory indexing cleanup * Theodore Ts'o, 2002 */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/bio.h> #include <linux/iversion.h> #include <linux/unicode.h> #include "ext4.h" #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "xattr.h" #include "acl.h" #include <trace/events/ext4.h> /* * define how far ahead to read directories while searching them. */ #define NAMEI_RA_CHUNKS 2 #define NAMEI_RA_BLOCKS 4 #define NAMEI_RA_SIZE (NAMEI_RA_CHUNKS * NAMEI_RA_BLOCKS) static struct buffer_head *ext4_append(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t *block) { struct buffer_head *bh; int err; if (unlikely(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_max_dir_size_kb && ((inode->i_size >> 10) >= EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_max_dir_size_kb))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC); *block = inode->i_size >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; bh = ext4_bread(handle, inode, *block, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return bh; inode->i_size += inode->i_sb->s_blocksize; EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = inode->i_size; BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (err) { brelse(bh); ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, err); return ERR_PTR(err); } return bh; } static int ext4_dx_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent); /* * Hints to ext4_read_dirblock regarding whether we expect a directory * block being read to be an index block, or a block containing * directory entries (and if the latter, whether it was found via a * logical block in an htree index block). This is used to control * what sort of sanity checkinig ext4_read_dirblock() will do on the * directory block read from the storage device. EITHER will means * the caller doesn't know what kind of directory block will be read, * so no specific verification will be done. */ typedef enum { EITHER, INDEX, DIRENT, DIRENT_HTREE } dirblock_type_t; #define ext4_read_dirblock(inode, block, type) \ __ext4_read_dirblock((inode), (block), (type), __func__, __LINE__) static struct buffer_head *__ext4_read_dirblock(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, dirblock_type_t type, const char *func, unsigned int line) { struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent; int is_dx_block = 0; if (ext4_simulate_fail(inode->i_sb, EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_EIO)) bh = ERR_PTR(-EIO); else bh = ext4_bread(NULL, inode, block, 0); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { __ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, func, line, "inode #%lu: lblock %lu: comm %s: " "error %ld reading directory block", inode->i_ino, (unsigned long)block, current->comm, PTR_ERR(bh)); return bh; } if (!bh && (type == INDEX || type == DIRENT_HTREE)) { ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, "Directory hole found for htree %s block", (type == INDEX) ? "index" : "leaf"); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } if (!bh) return NULL; dirent = (struct ext4_dir_entry *) bh->b_data; /* Determine whether or not we have an index block */ if (is_dx(inode)) { if (block == 0) is_dx_block = 1; else if (ext4_rec_len_from_disk(dirent->rec_len, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize) == inode->i_sb->s_blocksize) is_dx_block = 1; } if (!is_dx_block && type == INDEX) { ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, "directory leaf block found instead of index block"); brelse(bh); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb) || buffer_verified(bh)) return bh; /* * An empty leaf block can get mistaken for a index block; for * this reason, we can only check the index checksum when the * caller is sure it should be an index block. */ if (is_dx_block && type == INDEX) { if (ext4_dx_csum_verify(inode, dirent) && !ext4_simulate_fail(inode->i_sb, EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_CRC)) set_buffer_verified(bh); else { ext4_error_inode_err(inode, func, line, block, EFSBADCRC, "Directory index failed checksum"); brelse(bh); return ERR_PTR(-EFSBADCRC); } } if (!is_dx_block) { if (ext4_dirblock_csum_verify(inode, bh) && !ext4_simulate_fail(inode->i_sb, EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_CRC)) set_buffer_verified(bh); else { ext4_error_inode_err(inode, func, line, block, EFSBADCRC, "Directory block failed checksum"); brelse(bh); return ERR_PTR(-EFSBADCRC); } } return bh; } #ifndef assert #define assert(test) J_ASSERT(test) #endif #ifdef DX_DEBUG #define dxtrace(command) command #else #define dxtrace(command) #endif struct fake_dirent { __le32 inode; __le16 rec_len; u8 name_len; u8 file_type; }; struct dx_countlimit { __le16 limit; __le16 count; }; struct dx_entry { __le32 hash; __le32 block; }; /* * dx_root_info is laid out so that if it should somehow get overlaid by a * dirent the two low bits of the hash version will be zero. Therefore, the * hash version mod 4 should never be 0. Sincerely, the paranoia department. */ struct dx_root { struct fake_dirent dot; char dot_name[4]; struct fake_dirent dotdot; char dotdot_name[4]; struct dx_root_info { __le32 reserved_zero; u8 hash_version; u8 info_length; /* 8 */ u8 indirect_levels; u8 unused_flags; } info; struct dx_entry entries[]; }; struct dx_node { struct fake_dirent fake; struct dx_entry entries[]; }; struct dx_frame { struct buffer_head *bh; struct dx_entry *entries; struct dx_entry *at; }; struct dx_map_entry { u32 hash; u16 offs; u16 size; }; /* * This goes at the end of each htree block. */ struct dx_tail { u32 dt_reserved; __le32 dt_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+inum+dirblock) */ }; static inline ext4_lblk_t dx_get_block(struct dx_entry *entry); static void dx_set_block(struct dx_entry *entry, ext4_lblk_t value); static inline unsigned dx_get_hash(struct dx_entry *entry); static void dx_set_hash(struct dx_entry *entry, unsigned value); static unsigned dx_get_count(struct dx_entry *entries); static unsigned dx_get_limit(struct dx_entry *entries); static void dx_set_count(struct dx_entry *entries, unsigned value); static void dx_set_limit(struct dx_entry *entries, unsigned value); static unsigned dx_root_limit(struct inode *dir, unsigned infosize); static unsigned dx_node_limit(struct inode *dir); static struct dx_frame *dx_probe(struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct dx_frame *frame); static void dx_release(struct dx_frame *frames); static int dx_make_map(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, unsigned blocksize, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct dx_map_entry map[]); static void dx_sort_map(struct dx_map_entry *map, unsigned count); static struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *dx_move_dirents(char *from, char *to, struct dx_map_entry *offsets, int count, unsigned blocksize); static struct ext4_dir_entry_2* dx_pack_dirents(char *base, unsigned blocksize); static void dx_insert_block(struct dx_frame *frame, u32 hash, ext4_lblk_t block); static int ext4_htree_next_block(struct inode *dir, __u32 hash, struct dx_frame *frame, struct dx_frame *frames, __u32 *start_hash); static struct buffer_head * ext4_dx_find_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir); static int ext4_dx_add_entry(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); /* checksumming functions */ void ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned int blocksize) { struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *t = EXT4_DIRENT_TAIL(bh->b_data, blocksize); memset(t, 0, sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail)); t->det_rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk( sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail), blocksize); t->det_reserved_ft = EXT4_FT_DIR_CSUM; } /* Walk through a dirent block to find a checksum "dirent" at the tail */ static struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *get_dirent_tail(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *t; #ifdef PARANOID struct ext4_dir_entry *d, *top; d = (struct ext4_dir_entry *)bh->b_data; top = (struct ext4_dir_entry *)(bh->b_data + (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb) - sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail))); while (d < top && d->rec_len) d = (struct ext4_dir_entry *)(((void *)d) + le16_to_cpu(d->rec_len)); if (d != top) return NULL; t = (struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *)d; #else t = EXT4_DIRENT_TAIL(bh->b_data, EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb)); #endif if (t->det_reserved_zero1 || le16_to_cpu(t->det_rec_len) != sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail) || t->det_reserved_zero2 || t->det_reserved_ft != EXT4_FT_DIR_CSUM) return NULL; return t; } static __le32 ext4_dirblock_csum(struct inode *inode, void *dirent, int size) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); __u32 csum; csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, ei->i_csum_seed, (__u8 *)dirent, size); return cpu_to_le32(csum); } #define warn_no_space_for_csum(inode) \ __warn_no_space_for_csum((inode), __func__, __LINE__) static void __warn_no_space_for_csum(struct inode *inode, const char *func, unsigned int line) { __ext4_warning_inode(inode, func, line, "No space for directory leaf checksum. Please run e2fsck -D."); } int ext4_dirblock_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *t; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return 1; t = get_dirent_tail(inode, bh); if (!t) { warn_no_space_for_csum(inode); return 0; } if (t->det_checksum != ext4_dirblock_csum(inode, bh->b_data, (char *)t - bh->b_data)) return 0; return 1; } static void ext4_dirblock_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *t; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return; t = get_dirent_tail(inode, bh); if (!t) { warn_no_space_for_csum(inode); return; } t->det_checksum = ext4_dirblock_csum(inode, bh->b_data, (char *)t - bh->b_data); } int ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { ext4_dirblock_csum_set(inode, bh); return ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); } static struct dx_countlimit *get_dx_countlimit(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent, int *offset) { struct ext4_dir_entry *dp; struct dx_root_info *root; int count_offset; if (le16_to_cpu(dirent->rec_len) == EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb)) count_offset = 8; else if (le16_to_cpu(dirent->rec_len) == 12) { dp = (struct ext4_dir_entry *)(((void *)dirent) + 12); if (le16_to_cpu(dp->rec_len) != EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb) - 12) return NULL; root = (struct dx_root_info *)(((void *)dp + 12)); if (root->reserved_zero || root->info_length != sizeof(struct dx_root_info)) return NULL; count_offset = 32; } else return NULL; if (offset) *offset = count_offset; return (struct dx_countlimit *)(((void *)dirent) + count_offset); } static __le32 ext4_dx_csum(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent, int count_offset, int count, struct dx_tail *t) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); __u32 csum; int size; __u32 dummy_csum = 0; int offset = offsetof(struct dx_tail, dt_checksum); size = count_offset + (count * sizeof(struct dx_entry)); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, ei->i_csum_seed, (__u8 *)dirent, size); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)t, offset); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)&dummy_csum, sizeof(dummy_csum)); return cpu_to_le32(csum); } static int ext4_dx_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent) { struct dx_countlimit *c; struct dx_tail *t; int count_offset, limit, count; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return 1; c = get_dx_countlimit(inode, dirent, &count_offset); if (!c) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "dir seems corrupt? Run e2fsck -D."); return 0; } limit = le16_to_cpu(c->limit); count = le16_to_cpu(c->count); if (count_offset + (limit * sizeof(struct dx_entry)) > EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb) - sizeof(struct dx_tail)) { warn_no_space_for_csum(inode); return 0; } t = (struct dx_tail *)(((struct dx_entry *)c) + limit); if (t->dt_checksum != ext4_dx_csum(inode, dirent, count_offset, count, t)) return 0; return 1; } static void ext4_dx_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent) { struct dx_countlimit *c; struct dx_tail *t; int count_offset, limit, count; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return; c = get_dx_countlimit(inode, dirent, &count_offset); if (!c) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "dir seems corrupt? Run e2fsck -D."); return; } limit = le16_to_cpu(c->limit); count = le16_to_cpu(c->count); if (count_offset + (limit * sizeof(struct dx_entry)) > EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb) - sizeof(struct dx_tail)) { warn_no_space_for_csum(inode); return; } t = (struct dx_tail *)(((struct dx_entry *)c) + limit); t->dt_checksum = ext4_dx_csum(inode, dirent, count_offset, count, t); } static inline int ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { ext4_dx_csum_set(inode, (struct ext4_dir_entry *)bh->b_data); return ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); } /* * p is at least 6 bytes before the end of page */ static inline struct ext4_dir_entry_2 * ext4_next_entry(struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *p, unsigned long blocksize) { return (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)((char *)p + ext4_rec_len_from_disk(p->rec_len, blocksize)); } /* * Future: use high four bits of block for coalesce-on-delete flags * Mask them off for now. */ static inline ext4_lblk_t dx_get_block(struct dx_entry *entry) { return le32_to_cpu(entry->block) & 0x0fffffff; } static inline void dx_set_block(struct dx_entry *entry, ext4_lblk_t value) { entry->block = cpu_to_le32(value); } static inline unsigned dx_get_hash(struct dx_entry *entry) { return le32_to_cpu(entry->hash); } static inline void dx_set_hash(struct dx_entry *entry, unsigned value) { entry->hash = cpu_to_le32(value); } static inline unsigned dx_get_count(struct dx_entry *entries) { return le16_to_cpu(((struct dx_countlimit *) entries)->count); } static inline unsigned dx_get_limit(struct dx_entry *entries) { return le16_to_cpu(((struct dx_countlimit *) entries)->limit); } static inline void dx_set_count(struct dx_entry *entries, unsigned value) { ((struct dx_countlimit *) entries)->count = cpu_to_le16(value); } static inline void dx_set_limit(struct dx_entry *entries, unsigned value) { ((struct dx_countlimit *) entries)->limit = cpu_to_le16(value); } static inline unsigned dx_root_limit(struct inode *dir, unsigned infosize) { unsigned entry_space = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize - EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(1) - EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(2) - infosize; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(dir->i_sb)) entry_space -= sizeof(struct dx_tail); return entry_space / sizeof(struct dx_entry); } static inline unsigned dx_node_limit(struct inode *dir) { unsigned entry_space = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize - EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(0); if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(dir->i_sb)) entry_space -= sizeof(struct dx_tail); return entry_space / sizeof(struct dx_entry); } /* * Debug */ #ifdef DX_DEBUG static void dx_show_index(char * label, struct dx_entry *entries) { int i, n = dx_get_count (entries); printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s index", label); for (i = 0; i < n; i++) { printk(KERN_CONT " %x->%lu", i ? dx_get_hash(entries + i) : 0, (unsigned long)dx_get_block(entries + i)); } printk(KERN_CONT "\n"); } struct stats { unsigned names; unsigned space; unsigned bcount; }; static struct stats dx_show_leaf(struct inode *dir, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int size, int show_names) { unsigned names = 0, space = 0; char *base = (char *) de; struct dx_hash_info h = *hinfo; printk("names: "); while ((char *) de < base + size) { if (de->inode) { if (show_names) { #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION int len; char *name; struct fscrypt_str fname_crypto_str = FSTR_INIT(NULL, 0); int res = 0; name = de->name; len = de->name_len; if (IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) res = fscrypt_get_encryption_info(dir); if (res) { printk(KERN_WARNING "Error setting up" " fname crypto: %d\n", res); } if (!fscrypt_has_encryption_key(dir)) { /* Directory is not encrypted */ ext4fs_dirhash(dir, de->name, de->name_len, &h); printk("%*.s:(U)%x.%u ", len, name, h.hash, (unsigned) ((char *) de - base)); } else { struct fscrypt_str de_name = FSTR_INIT(name, len); /* Directory is encrypted */ res = fscrypt_fname_alloc_buffer( len, &fname_crypto_str); if (res) printk(KERN_WARNING "Error " "allocating crypto " "buffer--skipping " "crypto\n"); res = fscrypt_fname_disk_to_usr(dir, 0, 0, &de_name, &fname_crypto_str); if (res) { printk(KERN_WARNING "Error " "converting filename " "from disk to usr" "\n"); name = "??"; len = 2; } else { name = fname_crypto_str.name; len = fname_crypto_str.len; } ext4fs_dirhash(dir, de->name, de->name_len, &h); printk("%*.s:(E)%x.%u ", len, name, h.hash, (unsigned) ((char *) de - base)); fscrypt_fname_free_buffer( &fname_crypto_str); } #else int len = de->name_len; char *name = de->name; ext4fs_dirhash(dir, de->name, de->name_len, &h); printk("%*.s:%x.%u ", len, name, h.hash, (unsigned) ((char *) de - base)); #endif } space += EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len); names++; } de = ext4_next_entry(de, size); } printk(KERN_CONT "(%i)\n", names); return (struct stats) { names, space, 1 }; } struct stats dx_show_entries(struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct inode *dir, struct dx_entry *entries, int levels) { unsigned blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; unsigned count = dx_get_count(entries), names = 0, space = 0, i; unsigned bcount = 0; struct buffer_head *bh; printk("%i indexed blocks...\n", count); for (i = 0; i < count; i++, entries++) { ext4_lblk_t block = dx_get_block(entries); ext4_lblk_t hash = i ? dx_get_hash(entries): 0; u32 range = i < count - 1? (dx_get_hash(entries + 1) - hash): ~hash; struct stats stats; printk("%s%3u:%03u hash %8x/%8x ",levels?"":" ", i, block, hash, range); bh = ext4_bread(NULL,dir, block, 0); if (!bh || IS_ERR(bh)) continue; stats = levels? dx_show_entries(hinfo, dir, ((struct dx_node *) bh->b_data)->entries, levels - 1): dx_show_leaf(dir, hinfo, (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) bh->b_data, blocksize, 0); names += stats.names; space += stats.space; bcount += stats.bcount; brelse(bh); } if (bcount) printk(KERN_DEBUG "%snames %u, fullness %u (%u%%)\n", levels ? "" : " ", names, space/bcount, (space/bcount)*100/blocksize); return (struct stats) { names, space, bcount}; } #endif /* DX_DEBUG */ /* * Probe for a directory leaf block to search. * * dx_probe can return ERR_BAD_DX_DIR, which means there was a format * error in the directory index, and the caller should fall back to * searching the directory normally. The callers of dx_probe **MUST** * check for this error code, and make sure it never gets reflected * back to userspace. */ static struct dx_frame * dx_probe(struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct dx_frame *frame_in) { unsigned count, indirect; struct dx_entry *at, *entries, *p, *q, *m; struct dx_root *root; struct dx_frame *frame = frame_in; struct dx_frame *ret_err = ERR_PTR(ERR_BAD_DX_DIR); u32 hash; memset(frame_in, 0, EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL * sizeof(frame_in[0])); frame->bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, 0, INDEX); if (IS_ERR(frame->bh)) return (struct dx_frame *) frame->bh; root = (struct dx_root *) frame->bh->b_data; if (root->info.hash_version != DX_HASH_TEA && root->info.hash_version != DX_HASH_HALF_MD4 && root->info.hash_version != DX_HASH_LEGACY) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "Unrecognised inode hash code %u", root->info.hash_version); goto fail; } if (fname) hinfo = &fname->hinfo; hinfo->hash_version = root->info.hash_version; if (hinfo->hash_version <= DX_HASH_TEA) hinfo->hash_version += EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_unsigned; hinfo->seed = EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_seed; if (fname && fname_name(fname)) ext4fs_dirhash(dir, fname_name(fname), fname_len(fname), hinfo); hash = hinfo->hash; if (root->info.unused_flags & 1) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "Unimplemented hash flags: %#06x", root->info.unused_flags); goto fail; } indirect = root->info.indirect_levels; if (indirect >= ext4_dir_htree_level(dir->i_sb)) { ext4_warning(dir->i_sb, "Directory (ino: %lu) htree depth %#06x exceed" "supported value", dir->i_ino, ext4_dir_htree_level(dir->i_sb)); if (ext4_dir_htree_level(dir->i_sb) < EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL) { ext4_warning(dir->i_sb, "Enable large directory " "feature to access it"); } goto fail; } entries = (struct dx_entry *)(((char *)&root->info) + root->info.info_length); if (dx_get_limit(entries) != dx_root_limit(dir, root->info.info_length)) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "dx entry: limit %u != root limit %u", dx_get_limit(entries), dx_root_limit(dir, root->info.info_length)); goto fail; } dxtrace(printk("Look up %x", hash)); while (1) { count = dx_get_count(entries); if (!count || count > dx_get_limit(entries)) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "dx entry: count %u beyond limit %u", count, dx_get_limit(entries)); goto fail; } p = entries + 1; q = entries + count - 1; while (p <= q) { m = p + (q - p) / 2; dxtrace(printk(KERN_CONT ".")); if (dx_get_hash(m) > hash) q = m - 1; else p = m + 1; } if (0) { // linear search cross check unsigned n = count - 1; at = entries; while (n--) { dxtrace(printk(KERN_CONT ",")); if (dx_get_hash(++at) > hash) { at--; break; } } assert (at == p - 1); } at = p - 1; dxtrace(printk(KERN_CONT " %x->%u\n", at == entries ? 0 : dx_get_hash(at), dx_get_block(at))); frame->entries = entries; frame->at = at; if (!indirect--) return frame; frame++; frame->bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, dx_get_block(at), INDEX); if (IS_ERR(frame->bh)) { ret_err = (struct dx_frame *) frame->bh; frame->bh = NULL; goto fail; } entries = ((struct dx_node *) frame->bh->b_data)->entries; if (dx_get_limit(entries) != dx_node_limit(dir)) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "dx entry: limit %u != node limit %u", dx_get_limit(entries), dx_node_limit(dir)); goto fail; } } fail: while (frame >= frame_in) { brelse(frame->bh); frame--; } if (ret_err == ERR_PTR(ERR_BAD_DX_DIR)) ext4_warning_inode(dir, "Corrupt directory, running e2fsck is recommended"); return ret_err; } static void dx_release(struct dx_frame *frames) { struct dx_root_info *info; int i; unsigned int indirect_levels; if (frames[0].bh == NULL) return; info = &((struct dx_root *)frames[0].bh->b_data)->info; /* save local copy, "info" may be freed after brelse() */ indirect_levels = info->indirect_levels; for (i = 0; i <= indirect_levels; i++) { if (frames[i].bh == NULL) break; brelse(frames[i].bh); frames[i].bh = NULL; } } /* * This function increments the frame pointer to search the next leaf * block, and reads in the necessary intervening nodes if the search * should be necessary. Whether or not the search is necessary is * controlled by the hash parameter. If the hash value is even, then * the search is only continued if the next block starts with that * hash value. This is used if we are searching for a specific file. * * If the hash value is HASH_NB_ALWAYS, then always go to the next block. * * This function returns 1 if the caller should continue to search, * or 0 if it should not. If there is an error reading one of the * index blocks, it will a negative error code. * * If start_hash is non-null, it will be filled in with the starting * hash of the next page. */ static int ext4_htree_next_block(struct inode *dir, __u32 hash, struct dx_frame *frame, struct dx_frame *frames, __u32 *start_hash) { struct dx_frame *p; struct buffer_head *bh; int num_frames = 0; __u32 bhash; p = frame; /* * Find the next leaf page by incrementing the frame pointer. * If we run out of entries in the interior node, loop around and * increment pointer in the parent node. When we break out of * this loop, num_frames indicates the number of interior * nodes need to be read. */ while (1) { if (++(p->at) < p->entries + dx_get_count(p->entries)) break; if (p == frames) return 0; num_frames++; p--; } /* * If the hash is 1, then continue only if the next page has a * continuation hash of any value. This is used for readdir * handling. Otherwise, check to see if the hash matches the * desired contiuation hash. If it doesn't, return since * there's no point to read in the successive index pages. */ bhash = dx_get_hash(p->at); if (start_hash) *start_hash = bhash; if ((hash & 1) == 0) { if ((bhash & ~1) != hash) return 0; } /* * If the hash is HASH_NB_ALWAYS, we always go to the next * block so no check is necessary */ while (num_frames--) { bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, dx_get_block(p->at), INDEX); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); p++; brelse(p->bh); p->bh = bh; p->at = p->entries = ((struct dx_node *) bh->b_data)->entries; } return 1; } /* * This function fills a red-black tree with information from a * directory block. It returns the number directory entries loaded * into the tree. If there is an error it is returned in err. */ static int htree_dirblock_to_tree(struct file *dir_file, struct inode *dir, ext4_lblk_t block, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash) { struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, *top; int err = 0, count = 0; struct fscrypt_str fname_crypto_str = FSTR_INIT(NULL, 0), tmp_str; dxtrace(printk(KERN_INFO "In htree dirblock_to_tree: block %lu\n", (unsigned long)block)); bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, block, DIRENT_HTREE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) bh->b_data; top = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) ((char *) de + dir->i_sb->s_blocksize - EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(0)); /* Check if the directory is encrypted */ if (IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) { err = fscrypt_get_encryption_info(dir); if (err < 0) { brelse(bh); return err; } err = fscrypt_fname_alloc_buffer(EXT4_NAME_LEN, &fname_crypto_str); if (err < 0) { brelse(bh); return err; } } for (; de < top; de = ext4_next_entry(de, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize)) { if (ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, NULL, de, bh, bh->b_data, bh->b_size, (block<<EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(dir->i_sb)) + ((char *)de - bh->b_data))) { /* silently ignore the rest of the block */ break; } ext4fs_dirhash(dir, de->name, de->name_len, hinfo); if ((hinfo->hash < start_hash) || ((hinfo->hash == start_hash) && (hinfo->minor_hash < start_minor_hash))) continue; if (de->inode == 0) continue; if (!IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) { tmp_str.name = de->name; tmp_str.len = de->name_len; err = ext4_htree_store_dirent(dir_file, hinfo->hash, hinfo->minor_hash, de, &tmp_str); } else { int save_len = fname_crypto_str.len; struct fscrypt_str de_name = FSTR_INIT(de->name, de->name_len); /* Directory is encrypted */ err = fscrypt_fname_disk_to_usr(dir, hinfo->hash, hinfo->minor_hash, &de_name, &fname_crypto_str); if (err) { count = err; goto errout; } err = ext4_htree_store_dirent(dir_file, hinfo->hash, hinfo->minor_hash, de, &fname_crypto_str); fname_crypto_str.len = save_len; } if (err != 0) { count = err; goto errout; } count++; } errout: brelse(bh); fscrypt_fname_free_buffer(&fname_crypto_str); return count; } /* * This function fills a red-black tree with information from a * directory. We start scanning the directory in hash order, starting * at start_hash and start_minor_hash. * * This function returns the number of entries inserted into the tree, * or a negative error code. */ int ext4_htree_fill_tree(struct file *dir_file, __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash, __u32 *next_hash) { struct dx_hash_info hinfo; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; struct dx_frame frames[EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL], *frame; struct inode *dir; ext4_lblk_t block; int count = 0; int ret, err; __u32 hashval; struct fscrypt_str tmp_str; dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "In htree_fill_tree, start hash: %x:%x\n", start_hash, start_minor_hash)); dir = file_inode(dir_file); if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(dir, EXT4_INODE_INDEX))) { hinfo.hash_version = EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_def_hash_version; if (hinfo.hash_version <= DX_HASH_TEA) hinfo.hash_version += EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_unsigned; hinfo.seed = EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_seed; if (ext4_has_inline_data(dir)) { int has_inline_data = 1; count = ext4_inlinedir_to_tree(dir_file, dir, 0, &hinfo, start_hash, start_minor_hash, &has_inline_data); if (has_inline_data) { *next_hash = ~0; return count; } } count = htree_dirblock_to_tree(dir_file, dir, 0, &hinfo, start_hash, start_minor_hash); *next_hash = ~0; return count; } hinfo.hash = start_hash; hinfo.minor_hash = 0; frame = dx_probe(NULL, dir, &hinfo, frames); if (IS_ERR(frame)) return PTR_ERR(frame); /* Add '.' and '..' from the htree header */ if (!start_hash && !start_minor_hash) { de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) frames[0].bh->b_data; tmp_str.name = de->name; tmp_str.len = de->name_len; err = ext4_htree_store_dirent(dir_file, 0, 0, de, &tmp_str); if (err != 0) goto errout; count++; } if (start_hash < 2 || (start_hash ==2 && start_minor_hash==0)) { de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) frames[0].bh->b_data; de = ext4_next_entry(de, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize); tmp_str.name = de->name; tmp_str.len = de->name_len; err = ext4_htree_store_dirent(dir_file, 2, 0, de, &tmp_str); if (err != 0) goto errout; count++; } while (1) { if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { err = -ERESTARTSYS; goto errout; } cond_resched(); block = dx_get_block(frame->at); ret = htree_dirblock_to_tree(dir_file, dir, block, &hinfo, start_hash, start_minor_hash); if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto errout; } count += ret; hashval = ~0; ret = ext4_htree_next_block(dir, HASH_NB_ALWAYS, frame, frames, &hashval); *next_hash = hashval; if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto errout; } /* * Stop if: (a) there are no more entries, or * (b) we have inserted at least one entry and the * next hash value is not a continuation */ if ((ret == 0) || (count && ((hashval & 1) == 0))) break; } dx_release(frames); dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "Fill tree: returned %d entries, " "next hash: %x\n", count, *next_hash)); return count; errout: dx_release(frames); return (err); } static inline int search_dirblock(struct buffer_head *bh, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, unsigned int offset, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir) { return ext4_search_dir(bh, bh->b_data, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize, dir, fname, offset, res_dir); } /* * Directory block splitting, compacting */ /* * Create map of hash values, offsets, and sizes, stored at end of block. * Returns number of entries mapped. */ static int dx_make_map(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, unsigned blocksize, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct dx_map_entry *map_tail) { int count = 0; char *base = (char *) de; struct dx_hash_info h = *hinfo; while ((char *) de < base + blocksize) { if (de->name_len && de->inode) { ext4fs_dirhash(dir, de->name, de->name_len, &h); map_tail--; map_tail->hash = h.hash; map_tail->offs = ((char *) de - base)>>2; map_tail->size = le16_to_cpu(de->rec_len); count++; cond_resched(); } /* XXX: do we need to check rec_len == 0 case? -Chris */ de = ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize); } return count; } /* Sort map by hash value */ static void dx_sort_map (struct dx_map_entry *map, unsigned count) { struct dx_map_entry *p, *q, *top = map + count - 1; int more; /* Combsort until bubble sort doesn't suck */ while (count > 2) { count = count*10/13; if (count - 9 < 2) /* 9, 10 -> 11 */ count = 11; for (p = top, q = p - count; q >= map; p--, q--) if (p->hash < q->hash) swap(*p, *q); } /* Garden variety bubble sort */ do { more = 0; q = top; while (q-- > map) { if (q[1].hash >= q[0].hash) continue; swap(*(q+1), *q); more = 1; } } while(more); } static void dx_insert_block(struct dx_frame *frame, u32 hash, ext4_lblk_t block) { struct dx_entry *entries = frame->entries; struct dx_entry *old = frame->at, *new = old + 1; int count = dx_get_count(entries); assert(count < dx_get_limit(entries)); assert(old < entries + count); memmove(new + 1, new, (char *)(entries + count) - (char *)(new)); dx_set_hash(new, hash); dx_set_block(new, block); dx_set_count(entries, count + 1); } #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE /* * Test whether a case-insensitive directory entry matches the filename * being searched for. If quick is set, assume the name being looked up * is already in the casefolded form. * * Returns: 0 if the directory entry matches, more than 0 if it * doesn't match or less than zero on error. */ int ext4_ci_compare(const struct inode *parent, const struct qstr *name, const struct qstr *entry, bool quick) { const struct super_block *sb = parent->i_sb; const struct unicode_map *um = sb->s_encoding; int ret; if (quick) ret = utf8_strncasecmp_folded(um, name, entry); else ret = utf8_strncasecmp(um, name, entry); if (ret < 0) { /* Handle invalid character sequence as either an error * or as an opaque byte sequence. */ if (sb_has_strict_encoding(sb)) return -EINVAL; if (name->len != entry->len) return 1; return !!memcmp(name->name, entry->name, name->len); } return ret; } void ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, struct fscrypt_str *cf_name) { int len; if (!IS_CASEFOLDED(dir) || !dir->i_sb->s_encoding) { cf_name->name = NULL; return; } cf_name->name = kmalloc(EXT4_NAME_LEN, GFP_NOFS); if (!cf_name->name) return; len = utf8_casefold(dir->i_sb->s_encoding, iname, cf_name->name, EXT4_NAME_LEN); if (len <= 0) { kfree(cf_name->name); cf_name->name = NULL; return; } cf_name->len = (unsigned) len; } #endif /* * Test whether a directory entry matches the filename being searched for. * * Return: %true if the directory entry matches, otherwise %false. */ static inline bool ext4_match(const struct inode *parent, const struct ext4_filename *fname, const struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de) { struct fscrypt_name f; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE const struct qstr entry = {.name = de->name, .len = de->name_len}; #endif if (!de->inode) return false; f.usr_fname = fname->usr_fname; f.disk_name = fname->disk_name; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION f.crypto_buf = fname->crypto_buf; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE if (parent->i_sb->s_encoding && IS_CASEFOLDED(parent)) { if (fname->cf_name.name) { struct qstr cf = {.name = fname->cf_name.name, .len = fname->cf_name.len}; return !ext4_ci_compare(parent, &cf, &entry, true); } return !ext4_ci_compare(parent, fname->usr_fname, &entry, false); } #endif return fscrypt_match_name(&f, de->name, de->name_len); } /* * Returns 0 if not found, -1 on failure, and 1 on success */ int ext4_search_dir(struct buffer_head *bh, char *search_buf, int buf_size, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, unsigned int offset, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 * de; char * dlimit; int de_len; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)search_buf; dlimit = search_buf + buf_size; while ((char *) de < dlimit) { /* this code is executed quadratically often */ /* do minimal checking `by hand' */ if ((char *) de + de->name_len <= dlimit && ext4_match(dir, fname, de)) { /* found a match - just to be sure, do * a full check */ if (ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, NULL, de, bh, search_buf, buf_size, offset)) return -1; *res_dir = de; return 1; } /* prevent looping on a bad block */ de_len = ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize); if (de_len <= 0) return -1; offset += de_len; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) ((char *) de + de_len); } return 0; } static int is_dx_internal_node(struct inode *dir, ext4_lblk_t block, struct ext4_dir_entry *de) { struct super_block *sb = dir->i_sb; if (!is_dx(dir)) return 0; if (block == 0) return 1; if (de->inode == 0 && ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, sb->s_blocksize) == sb->s_blocksize) return 1; return 0; } /* * __ext4_find_entry() * * finds an entry in the specified directory with the wanted name. It * returns the cache buffer in which the entry was found, and the entry * itself (as a parameter - res_dir). It does NOT read the inode of the * entry - you'll have to do that yourself if you want to. * * The returned buffer_head has ->b_count elevated. The caller is expected * to brelse() it when appropriate. */ static struct buffer_head *__ext4_find_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir, int *inlined) { struct super_block *sb; struct buffer_head *bh_use[NAMEI_RA_SIZE]; struct buffer_head *bh, *ret = NULL; ext4_lblk_t start, block; const u8 *name = fname->usr_fname->name; size_t ra_max = 0; /* Number of bh's in the readahead buffer, bh_use[] */ size_t ra_ptr = 0; /* Current index into readahead buffer */ ext4_lblk_t nblocks; int i, namelen, retval; *res_dir = NULL; sb = dir->i_sb; namelen = fname->usr_fname->len; if (namelen > EXT4_NAME_LEN) return NULL; if (ext4_has_inline_data(dir)) { int has_inline_data = 1; ret = ext4_find_inline_entry(dir, fname, res_dir, &has_inline_data); if (has_inline_data) { if (inlined) *inlined = 1; goto cleanup_and_exit; } } if ((namelen <= 2) && (name[0] == '.') && (name[1] == '.' || name[1] == '\0')) { /* * "." or ".." will only be in the first block * NFS may look up ".."; "." should be handled by the VFS */ block = start = 0; nblocks = 1; goto restart; } if (is_dx(dir)) { ret = ext4_dx_find_entry(dir, fname, res_dir); /* * On success, or if the error was file not found, * return. Otherwise, fall back to doing a search the * old fashioned way. */ if (!IS_ERR(ret) || PTR_ERR(ret) != ERR_BAD_DX_DIR) goto cleanup_and_exit; dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "ext4_find_entry: dx failed, " "falling back\n")); ret = NULL; } nblocks = dir->i_size >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); if (!nblocks) { ret = NULL; goto cleanup_and_exit; } start = EXT4_I(dir)->i_dir_start_lookup; if (start >= nblocks) start = 0; block = start; restart: do { /* * We deal with the read-ahead logic here. */ cond_resched(); if (ra_ptr >= ra_max) { /* Refill the readahead buffer */ ra_ptr = 0; if (block < start) ra_max = start - block; else ra_max = nblocks - block; ra_max = min(ra_max, ARRAY_SIZE(bh_use)); retval = ext4_bread_batch(dir, block, ra_max, false /* wait */, bh_use); if (retval) { ret = ERR_PTR(retval); ra_max = 0; goto cleanup_and_exit; } } if ((bh = bh_use[ra_ptr++]) == NULL) goto next; wait_on_buffer(bh); if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE_ERR(dir, EIO, "reading directory lblock %lu", (unsigned long) block); brelse(bh); ret = ERR_PTR(-EIO); goto cleanup_and_exit; } if (!buffer_verified(bh) && !is_dx_internal_node(dir, block, (struct ext4_dir_entry *)bh->b_data) && !ext4_dirblock_csum_verify(dir, bh)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE_ERR(dir, EFSBADCRC, "checksumming directory " "block %lu", (unsigned long)block); brelse(bh); ret = ERR_PTR(-EFSBADCRC); goto cleanup_and_exit; } set_buffer_verified(bh); i = search_dirblock(bh, dir, fname, block << EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb), res_dir); if (i == 1) { EXT4_I(dir)->i_dir_start_lookup = block; ret = bh; goto cleanup_and_exit; } else { brelse(bh); if (i < 0) goto cleanup_and_exit; } next: if (++block >= nblocks) block = 0; } while (block != start); /* * If the directory has grown while we were searching, then * search the last part of the directory before giving up. */ block = nblocks; nblocks = dir->i_size >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); if (block < nblocks) { start = 0; goto restart; } cleanup_and_exit: /* Clean up the read-ahead blocks */ for (; ra_ptr < ra_max; ra_ptr++) brelse(bh_use[ra_ptr]); return ret; } static struct buffer_head *ext4_find_entry(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *d_name, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir, int *inlined) { int err; struct ext4_filename fname; struct buffer_head *bh; err = ext4_fname_setup_filename(dir, d_name, 1, &fname); if (err == -ENOENT) return NULL; if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); bh = __ext4_find_entry(dir, &fname, res_dir, inlined); ext4_fname_free_filename(&fname); return bh; } static struct buffer_head *ext4_lookup_entry(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir) { int err; struct ext4_filename fname; struct buffer_head *bh; err = ext4_fname_prepare_lookup(dir, dentry, &fname); if (err == -ENOENT) return NULL; if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); bh = __ext4_find_entry(dir, &fname, res_dir, NULL); ext4_fname_free_filename(&fname); return bh; } static struct buffer_head * ext4_dx_find_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir) { struct super_block * sb = dir->i_sb; struct dx_frame frames[EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL], *frame; struct buffer_head *bh; ext4_lblk_t block; int retval; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION *res_dir = NULL; #endif frame = dx_probe(fname, dir, NULL, frames); if (IS_ERR(frame)) return (struct buffer_head *) frame; do { block = dx_get_block(frame->at); bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, block, DIRENT_HTREE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) goto errout; retval = search_dirblock(bh, dir, fname, block << EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb), res_dir); if (retval == 1) goto success; brelse(bh); if (retval == -1) { bh = ERR_PTR(ERR_BAD_DX_DIR); goto errout; } /* Check to see if we should continue to search */ retval = ext4_htree_next_block(dir, fname->hinfo.hash, frame, frames, NULL); if (retval < 0) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "error %d reading directory index block", retval); bh = ERR_PTR(retval); goto errout; } } while (retval == 1); bh = NULL; errout: dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s not found\n", fname->usr_fname->name)); success: dx_release(frames); return bh; } static struct dentry *ext4_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { struct inode *inode; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; struct buffer_head *bh; if (dentry->d_name.len > EXT4_NAME_LEN) return ERR_PTR(-ENAMETOOLONG); bh = ext4_lookup_entry(dir, dentry, &de); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return ERR_CAST(bh); inode = NULL; if (bh) { __u32 ino = le32_to_cpu(de->inode); brelse(bh); if (!ext4_valid_inum(dir->i_sb, ino)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(dir, "bad inode number: %u", ino); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } if (unlikely(ino == dir->i_ino)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(dir, "'%pd' linked to parent dir", dentry); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } inode = ext4_iget(dir->i_sb, ino, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (inode == ERR_PTR(-ESTALE)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(dir, "deleted inode referenced: %u", ino); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } if (!IS_ERR(inode) && IS_ENCRYPTED(dir) && (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) && !fscrypt_has_permitted_context(dir, inode)) { ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "Inconsistent encryption contexts: %lu/%lu", dir->i_ino, inode->i_ino); iput(inode); return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); } } #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE if (!inode && IS_CASEFOLDED(dir)) { /* Eventually we want to call d_add_ci(dentry, NULL) * for negative dentries in the encoding case as * well. For now, prevent the negative dentry * from being cached. */ return NULL; } #endif return d_splice_alias(inode, dentry); } struct dentry *ext4_get_parent(struct dentry *child) { __u32 ino; static const struct qstr dotdot = QSTR_INIT("..", 2); struct ext4_dir_entry_2 * de; struct buffer_head *bh; bh = ext4_find_entry(d_inode(child), &dotdot, &de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return ERR_CAST(bh); if (!bh) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); ino = le32_to_cpu(de->inode); brelse(bh); if (!ext4_valid_inum(child->d_sb, ino)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(d_inode(child), "bad parent inode number: %u", ino); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } return d_obtain_alias(ext4_iget(child->d_sb, ino, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL)); } /* * Move count entries from end of map between two memory locations. * Returns pointer to last entry moved. */ static struct ext4_dir_entry_2 * dx_move_dirents(char *from, char *to, struct dx_map_entry *map, int count, unsigned blocksize) { unsigned rec_len = 0; while (count--) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) (from + (map->offs<<2)); rec_len = EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len); memcpy (to, de, rec_len); ((struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) to)->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(rec_len, blocksize); de->inode = 0; map++; to += rec_len; } return (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) (to - rec_len); } /* * Compact each dir entry in the range to the minimal rec_len. * Returns pointer to last entry in range. */ static struct ext4_dir_entry_2* dx_pack_dirents(char *base, unsigned blocksize) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *next, *to, *prev, *de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) base; unsigned rec_len = 0; prev = to = de; while ((char*)de < base + blocksize) { next = ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize); if (de->inode && de->name_len) { rec_len = EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len); if (de > to) memmove(to, de, rec_len); to->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(rec_len, blocksize); prev = to; to = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) (((char *) to) + rec_len); } de = next; } return prev; } /* * Split a full leaf block to make room for a new dir entry. * Allocate a new block, and move entries so that they are approx. equally full. * Returns pointer to de in block into which the new entry will be inserted. */ static struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *do_split(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct buffer_head **bh,struct dx_frame *frame, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo) { unsigned blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; unsigned count, continued; struct buffer_head *bh2; ext4_lblk_t newblock; u32 hash2; struct dx_map_entry *map; char *data1 = (*bh)->b_data, *data2; unsigned split, move, size; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de = NULL, *de2; int csum_size = 0; int err = 0, i; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(dir->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); bh2 = ext4_append(handle, dir, &newblock); if (IS_ERR(bh2)) { brelse(*bh); *bh = NULL; return (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) bh2; } BUFFER_TRACE(*bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, *bh); if (err) goto journal_error; BUFFER_TRACE(frame->bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, frame->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; data2 = bh2->b_data; /* create map in the end of data2 block */ map = (struct dx_map_entry *) (data2 + blocksize); count = dx_make_map(dir, (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) data1, blocksize, hinfo, map); map -= count; dx_sort_map(map, count); /* Ensure that neither split block is over half full */ size = 0; move = 0; for (i = count-1; i >= 0; i--) { /* is more than half of this entry in 2nd half of the block? */ if (size + map[i].size/2 > blocksize/2) break; size += map[i].size; move++; } /* * map index at which we will split * * If the sum of active entries didn't exceed half the block size, just * split it in half by count; each resulting block will have at least * half the space free. */ if (i > 0) split = count - move; else split = count/2; hash2 = map[split].hash; continued = hash2 == map[split - 1].hash; dxtrace(printk(KERN_INFO "Split block %lu at %x, %i/%i\n", (unsigned long)dx_get_block(frame->at), hash2, split, count-split)); /* Fancy dance to stay within two buffers */ de2 = dx_move_dirents(data1, data2, map + split, count - split, blocksize); de = dx_pack_dirents(data1, blocksize); de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(data1 + (blocksize - csum_size) - (char *) de, blocksize); de2->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(data2 + (blocksize - csum_size) - (char *) de2, blocksize); if (csum_size) { ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(*bh, blocksize); ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(bh2, blocksize); } dxtrace(dx_show_leaf(dir, hinfo, (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) data1, blocksize, 1)); dxtrace(dx_show_leaf(dir, hinfo, (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) data2, blocksize, 1)); /* Which block gets the new entry? */ if (hinfo->hash >= hash2) { swap(*bh, bh2); de = de2; } dx_insert_block(frame, hash2 + continued, newblock); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, dir, bh2); if (err) goto journal_error; err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, frame->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; brelse(bh2); dxtrace(dx_show_index("frame", frame->entries)); return de; journal_error: brelse(*bh); brelse(bh2); *bh = NULL; ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, err); return ERR_PTR(err); } int ext4_find_dest_de(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, void *buf, int buf_size, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **dest_de) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; unsigned short reclen = EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(fname_len(fname)); int nlen, rlen; unsigned int offset = 0; char *top; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)buf; top = buf + buf_size - reclen; while ((char *) de <= top) { if (ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, NULL, de, bh, buf, buf_size, offset)) return -EFSCORRUPTED; if (ext4_match(dir, fname, de)) return -EEXIST; nlen = EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len); rlen = ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, buf_size); if ((de->inode ? rlen - nlen : rlen) >= reclen) break; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)((char *)de + rlen); offset += rlen; } if ((char *) de > top) return -ENOSPC; *dest_de = de; return 0; } void ext4_insert_dentry(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int buf_size, struct ext4_filename *fname) { int nlen, rlen; nlen = EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len); rlen = ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, buf_size); if (de->inode) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de1 = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)((char *)de + nlen); de1->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(rlen - nlen, buf_size); de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(nlen, buf_size); de = de1; } de->file_type = EXT4_FT_UNKNOWN; de->inode = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino); ext4_set_de_type(inode->i_sb, de, inode->i_mode); de->name_len = fname_len(fname); memcpy(de->name, fname_name(fname), fname_len(fname)); } /* * Add a new entry into a directory (leaf) block. If de is non-NULL, * it points to a directory entry which is guaranteed to be large * enough for new directory entry. If de is NULL, then * add_dirent_to_buf will attempt search the directory block for * space. It will return -ENOSPC if no space is available, and -EIO * and -EEXIST if directory entry already exists. */ static int add_dirent_to_buf(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, struct buffer_head *bh) { unsigned int blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; int csum_size = 0; int err, err2; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); if (!de) { err = ext4_find_dest_de(dir, inode, bh, bh->b_data, blocksize - csum_size, fname, &de); if (err) return err; } BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (err) { ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, err); return err; } /* By now the buffer is marked for journaling */ ext4_insert_dentry(inode, de, blocksize, fname); /* * XXX shouldn't update any times until successful * completion of syscall, but too many callers depend * on this. * * XXX similarly, too many callers depend on * ext4_new_inode() setting the times, but error * recovery deletes the inode, so the worst that can * happen is that the times are slightly out of date * and/or different from the directory change time. */ dir->i_mtime = dir->i_ctime = current_time(dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(dir); inode_inc_iversion(dir); err2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, dir, bh); if (err) ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, err); return err ? err : err2; } /* * This converts a one block unindexed directory to a 3 block indexed * directory, and adds the dentry to the indexed directory. */ static int make_indexed_dir(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct buffer_head *bh2; struct dx_root *root; struct dx_frame frames[EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL], *frame; struct dx_entry *entries; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, *de2; char *data2, *top; unsigned len; int retval; unsigned blocksize; ext4_lblk_t block; struct fake_dirent *fde; int csum_size = 0; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "Creating index: inode %lu\n", dir->i_ino)); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); retval = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (retval) { ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, retval); brelse(bh); return retval; } root = (struct dx_root *) bh->b_data; /* The 0th block becomes the root, move the dirents out */ fde = &root->dotdot; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)((char *)fde + ext4_rec_len_from_disk(fde->rec_len, blocksize)); if ((char *) de >= (((char *) root) + blocksize)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(dir, "invalid rec_len for '..'"); brelse(bh); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } len = ((char *) root) + (blocksize - csum_size) - (char *) de; /* Allocate new block for the 0th block's dirents */ bh2 = ext4_append(handle, dir, &block); if (IS_ERR(bh2)) { brelse(bh); return PTR_ERR(bh2); } ext4_set_inode_flag(dir, EXT4_INODE_INDEX); data2 = bh2->b_data; memcpy(data2, de, len); de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) data2; top = data2 + len; while ((char *)(de2 = ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize)) < top) de = de2; de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(data2 + (blocksize - csum_size) - (char *) de, blocksize); if (csum_size) ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(bh2, blocksize); /* Initialize the root; the dot dirents already exist */ de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) (&root->dotdot); de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(blocksize - EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(2), blocksize); memset (&root->info, 0, sizeof(root->info)); root->info.info_length = sizeof(root->info); root->info.hash_version = EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_def_hash_version; entries = root->entries; dx_set_block(entries, 1); dx_set_count(entries, 1); dx_set_limit(entries, dx_root_limit(dir, sizeof(root->info))); /* Initialize as for dx_probe */ fname->hinfo.hash_version = root->info.hash_version; if (fname->hinfo.hash_version <= DX_HASH_TEA) fname->hinfo.hash_version += EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_unsigned; fname->hinfo.seed = EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_seed; ext4fs_dirhash(dir, fname_name(fname), fname_len(fname), &fname->hinfo); memset(frames, 0, sizeof(frames)); frame = frames; frame->entries = entries; frame->at = entries; frame->bh = bh; retval = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, frame->bh); if (retval) goto out_frames; retval = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, dir, bh2); if (retval) goto out_frames; de = do_split(handle,dir, &bh2, frame, &fname->hinfo); if (IS_ERR(de)) { retval = PTR_ERR(de); goto out_frames; } retval = add_dirent_to_buf(handle, fname, dir, inode, de, bh2); out_frames: /* * Even if the block split failed, we have to properly write * out all the changes we did so far. Otherwise we can end up * with corrupted filesystem. */ if (retval) ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); dx_release(frames); brelse(bh2); return retval; } /* * ext4_add_entry() * * adds a file entry to the specified directory, using the same * semantics as ext4_find_entry(). It returns NULL if it failed. * * NOTE!! The inode part of 'de' is left at 0 - which means you * may not sleep between calling this and putting something into * the entry, as someone else might have used it while you slept. */ static int ext4_add_entry(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { struct inode *dir = d_inode(dentry->d_parent); struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; struct super_block *sb; struct ext4_filename fname; int retval; int dx_fallback=0; unsigned blocksize; ext4_lblk_t block, blocks; int csum_size = 0; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); sb = dir->i_sb; blocksize = sb->s_blocksize; if (!dentry->d_name.len) return -EINVAL; if (fscrypt_is_nokey_name(dentry)) return -ENOKEY; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE if (sb_has_strict_encoding(sb) && IS_CASEFOLDED(dir) && sb->s_encoding && utf8_validate(sb->s_encoding, &dentry->d_name)) return -EINVAL; #endif retval = ext4_fname_setup_filename(dir, &dentry->d_name, 0, &fname); if (retval) return retval; if (ext4_has_inline_data(dir)) { retval = ext4_try_add_inline_entry(handle, &fname, dir, inode); if (retval < 0) goto out; if (retval == 1) { retval = 0; goto out; } } if (is_dx(dir)) { retval = ext4_dx_add_entry(handle, &fname, dir, inode); if (!retval || (retval != ERR_BAD_DX_DIR)) goto out; /* Can we just ignore htree data? */ if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(dir, "Directory has corrupted htree index."); retval = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } ext4_clear_inode_flag(dir, EXT4_INODE_INDEX); dx_fallback++; retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); if (unlikely(retval)) goto out; } blocks = dir->i_size >> sb->s_blocksize_bits; for (block = 0; block < blocks; block++) { bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, block, DIRENT); if (bh == NULL) { bh = ext4_bread(handle, dir, block, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE); goto add_to_new_block; } if (IS_ERR(bh)) { retval = PTR_ERR(bh); bh = NULL; goto out; } retval = add_dirent_to_buf(handle, &fname, dir, inode, NULL, bh); if (retval != -ENOSPC) goto out; if (blocks == 1 && !dx_fallback && ext4_has_feature_dir_index(sb)) { retval = make_indexed_dir(handle, &fname, dir, inode, bh); bh = NULL; /* make_indexed_dir releases bh */ goto out; } brelse(bh); } bh = ext4_append(handle, dir, &block); add_to_new_block: if (IS_ERR(bh)) { retval = PTR_ERR(bh); bh = NULL; goto out; } de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) bh->b_data; de->inode = 0; de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(blocksize - csum_size, blocksize); if (csum_size) ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(bh, blocksize); retval = add_dirent_to_buf(handle, &fname, dir, inode, de, bh); out: ext4_fname_free_filename(&fname); brelse(bh); if (retval == 0) ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NEWENTRY); return retval; } /* * Returns 0 for success, or a negative error value */ static int ext4_dx_add_entry(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { struct dx_frame frames[EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL], *frame; struct dx_entry *entries, *at; struct buffer_head *bh; struct super_block *sb = dir->i_sb; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; int restart; int err; again: restart = 0; frame = dx_probe(fname, dir, NULL, frames); if (IS_ERR(frame)) return PTR_ERR(frame); entries = frame->entries; at = frame->at; bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, dx_get_block(frame->at), DIRENT_HTREE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { err = PTR_ERR(bh); bh = NULL; goto cleanup; } BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (err) goto journal_error; err = add_dirent_to_buf(handle, fname, dir, inode, NULL, bh); if (err != -ENOSPC) goto cleanup; err = 0; /* Block full, should compress but for now just split */ dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "using %u of %u node entries\n", dx_get_count(entries), dx_get_limit(entries))); /* Need to split index? */ if (dx_get_count(entries) == dx_get_limit(entries)) { ext4_lblk_t newblock; int levels = frame - frames + 1; unsigned int icount; int add_level = 1; struct dx_entry *entries2; struct dx_node *node2; struct buffer_head *bh2; while (frame > frames) { if (dx_get_count((frame - 1)->entries) < dx_get_limit((frame - 1)->entries)) { add_level = 0; break; } frame--; /* split higher index block */ at = frame->at; entries = frame->entries; restart = 1; } if (add_level && levels == ext4_dir_htree_level(sb)) { ext4_warning(sb, "Directory (ino: %lu) index full, " "reach max htree level :%d", dir->i_ino, levels); if (ext4_dir_htree_level(sb) < EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL) { ext4_warning(sb, "Large directory feature is " "not enabled on this " "filesystem"); } err = -ENOSPC; goto cleanup; } icount = dx_get_count(entries); bh2 = ext4_append(handle, dir, &newblock); if (IS_ERR(bh2)) { err = PTR_ERR(bh2); goto cleanup; } node2 = (struct dx_node *)(bh2->b_data); entries2 = node2->entries; memset(&node2->fake, 0, sizeof(struct fake_dirent)); node2->fake.rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(sb->s_blocksize, sb->s_blocksize); BUFFER_TRACE(frame->bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, frame->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; if (!add_level) { unsigned icount1 = icount/2, icount2 = icount - icount1; unsigned hash2 = dx_get_hash(entries + icount1); dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "Split index %i/%i\n", icount1, icount2)); BUFFER_TRACE(frame->bh, "get_write_access"); /* index root */ err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, (frame - 1)->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; memcpy((char *) entries2, (char *) (entries + icount1), icount2 * sizeof(struct dx_entry)); dx_set_count(entries, icount1); dx_set_count(entries2, icount2); dx_set_limit(entries2, dx_node_limit(dir)); /* Which index block gets the new entry? */ if (at - entries >= icount1) { frame->at = at = at - entries - icount1 + entries2; frame->entries = entries = entries2; swap(frame->bh, bh2); } dx_insert_block((frame - 1), hash2, newblock); dxtrace(dx_show_index("node", frame->entries)); dxtrace(dx_show_index("node", ((struct dx_node *) bh2->b_data)->entries)); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, bh2); if (err) goto journal_error; brelse (bh2); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, (frame - 1)->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, frame->bh); if (restart || err) goto journal_error; } else { struct dx_root *dxroot; memcpy((char *) entries2, (char *) entries, icount * sizeof(struct dx_entry)); dx_set_limit(entries2, dx_node_limit(dir)); /* Set up root */ dx_set_count(entries, 1); dx_set_block(entries + 0, newblock); dxroot = (struct dx_root *)frames[0].bh->b_data; dxroot->info.indirect_levels += 1; dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "Creating %d level index...\n", dxroot->info.indirect_levels)); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, frame->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, bh2); brelse(bh2); restart = 1; goto journal_error; } } de = do_split(handle, dir, &bh, frame, &fname->hinfo); if (IS_ERR(de)) { err = PTR_ERR(de); goto cleanup; } err = add_dirent_to_buf(handle, fname, dir, inode, de, bh); goto cleanup; journal_error: ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, err); /* this is a no-op if err == 0 */ cleanup: brelse(bh); dx_release(frames); /* @restart is true means htree-path has been changed, we need to * repeat dx_probe() to find out valid htree-path */ if (restart && err == 0) goto again; return err; } /* * ext4_generic_delete_entry deletes a directory entry by merging it * with the previous entry */ int ext4_generic_delete_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del, struct buffer_head *bh, void *entry_buf, int buf_size, int csum_size) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, *pde; unsigned int blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; int i; i = 0; pde = NULL; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)entry_buf; while (i < buf_size - csum_size) { if (ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, NULL, de, bh, entry_buf, buf_size, i)) return -EFSCORRUPTED; if (de == de_del) { if (pde) pde->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk( ext4_rec_len_from_disk(pde->rec_len, blocksize) + ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, blocksize), blocksize); else de->inode = 0; inode_inc_iversion(dir); return 0; } i += ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, blocksize); pde = de; de = ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize); } return -ENOENT; } static int ext4_delete_entry(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del, struct buffer_head *bh) { int err, csum_size = 0; if (ext4_has_inline_data(dir)) { int has_inline_data = 1; err = ext4_delete_inline_entry(handle, dir, de_del, bh, &has_inline_data); if (has_inline_data) return err; } if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(dir->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (unlikely(err)) goto out; err = ext4_generic_delete_entry(dir, de_del, bh, bh->b_data, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize, csum_size); if (err) goto out; BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, dir, bh); if (unlikely(err)) goto out; return 0; out: if (err != -ENOENT) ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, err); return err; } /* * Set directory link count to 1 if nlinks > EXT4_LINK_MAX, or if nlinks == 2 * since this indicates that nlinks count was previously 1 to avoid overflowing * the 16-bit i_links_count field on disk. Directories with i_nlink == 1 mean * that subdirectory link counts are not being maintained accurately. * * The caller has already checked for i_nlink overflow in case the DIR_LINK * feature is not enabled and returned -EMLINK. The is_dx() check is a proxy * for checking S_ISDIR(inode) (since the INODE_INDEX feature will not be set * on regular files) and to avoid creating huge/slow non-HTREE directories. */ static void ext4_inc_count(struct inode *inode) { inc_nlink(inode); if (is_dx(inode) && (inode->i_nlink > EXT4_LINK_MAX || inode->i_nlink == 2)) set_nlink(inode, 1); } /* * If a directory had nlink == 1, then we should let it be 1. This indicates * directory has >EXT4_LINK_MAX subdirs. */ static void ext4_dec_count(struct inode *inode) { if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || inode->i_nlink > 2) drop_nlink(inode); } /* * Add non-directory inode to a directory. On success, the inode reference is * consumed by dentry is instantiation. This is also indicated by clearing of * *inodep pointer. On failure, the caller is responsible for dropping the * inode reference in the safe context. */ static int ext4_add_nondir(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry, struct inode **inodep) { struct inode *dir = d_inode(dentry->d_parent); struct inode *inode = *inodep; int err = ext4_add_entry(handle, dentry, inode); if (!err) { err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); d_instantiate_new(dentry, inode); *inodep = NULL; return err; } drop_nlink(inode); ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); unlock_new_inode(inode); return err; } /* * By the time this is called, we already have created * the directory cache entry for the new file, but it * is so far negative - it has no inode. * * If the create succeeds, we fill in the inode information * with d_instantiate(). */ static int ext4_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, bool excl) { handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode; int err, credits, retries = 0; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; credits = (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 3); retry: inode = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, mode, &dentry->d_name, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); err = PTR_ERR(inode); if (!IS_ERR(inode)) { inode->i_op = &ext4_file_inode_operations; inode->i_fop = &ext4_file_operations; ext4_set_aops(inode); err = ext4_add_nondir(handle, dentry, &inode); if (!err) ext4_fc_track_create(handle, dentry); } if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(inode)) iput(inode); if (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return err; } static int ext4_mknod(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, dev_t rdev) { handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode; int err, credits, retries = 0; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; credits = (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 3); retry: inode = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, mode, &dentry->d_name, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); err = PTR_ERR(inode); if (!IS_ERR(inode)) { init_special_inode(inode, inode->i_mode, rdev); inode->i_op = &ext4_special_inode_operations; err = ext4_add_nondir(handle, dentry, &inode); if (!err) ext4_fc_track_create(handle, dentry); } if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(inode)) iput(inode); if (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return err; } static int ext4_tmpfile(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode) { handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode; int err, retries = 0; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; retry: inode = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, mode, NULL, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_INIT_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + 4 + EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); err = PTR_ERR(inode); if (!IS_ERR(inode)) { inode->i_op = &ext4_file_inode_operations; inode->i_fop = &ext4_file_operations; ext4_set_aops(inode); d_tmpfile(dentry, inode); err = ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); if (err) goto err_unlock_inode; mark_inode_dirty(inode); unlock_new_inode(inode); } if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return err; err_unlock_inode: ext4_journal_stop(handle); unlock_new_inode(inode); return err; } struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *ext4_init_dot_dotdot(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int blocksize, int csum_size, unsigned int parent_ino, int dotdot_real_len) { de->inode = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino); de->name_len = 1; de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len), blocksize); strcpy(de->name, "."); ext4_set_de_type(inode->i_sb, de, S_IFDIR); de = ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize); de->inode = cpu_to_le32(parent_ino); de->name_len = 2; if (!dotdot_real_len) de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(blocksize - (csum_size + EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(1)), blocksize); else de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk( EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len), blocksize); strcpy(de->name, ".."); ext4_set_de_type(inode->i_sb, de, S_IFDIR); return ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize); } int ext4_init_new_dir(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { struct buffer_head *dir_block = NULL; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; ext4_lblk_t block = 0; unsigned int blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; int csum_size = 0; int err; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(dir->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA)) { err = ext4_try_create_inline_dir(handle, dir, inode); if (err < 0 && err != -ENOSPC) goto out; if (!err) goto out; } inode->i_size = 0; dir_block = ext4_append(handle, inode, &block); if (IS_ERR(dir_block)) return PTR_ERR(dir_block); de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)dir_block->b_data; ext4_init_dot_dotdot(inode, de, blocksize, csum_size, dir->i_ino, 0); set_nlink(inode, 2); if (csum_size) ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(dir_block, blocksize); BUFFER_TRACE(dir_block, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, inode, dir_block); if (err) goto out; set_buffer_verified(dir_block); out: brelse(dir_block); return err; } static int ext4_mkdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode) { handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode; int err, err2 = 0, credits, retries = 0; if (EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(dir)) return -EMLINK; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; credits = (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 3); retry: inode = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, S_IFDIR | mode, &dentry->d_name, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); err = PTR_ERR(inode); if (IS_ERR(inode)) goto out_stop; inode->i_op = &ext4_dir_inode_operations; inode->i_fop = &ext4_dir_operations; err = ext4_init_new_dir(handle, dir, inode); if (err) goto out_clear_inode; err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (!err) err = ext4_add_entry(handle, dentry, inode); if (err) { out_clear_inode: clear_nlink(inode); ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); unlock_new_inode(inode); err2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (unlikely(err2)) err = err2; ext4_journal_stop(handle); iput(inode); goto out_retry; } ext4_inc_count(dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(dir); err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); if (err) goto out_clear_inode; d_instantiate_new(dentry, inode); ext4_fc_track_create(handle, dentry); if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); out_stop: if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); out_retry: if (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return err; } /* * routine to check that the specified directory is empty (for rmdir) */ bool ext4_empty_dir(struct inode *inode) { unsigned int offset; struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; struct super_block *sb; if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { int has_inline_data = 1; int ret; ret = empty_inline_dir(inode, &has_inline_data); if (has_inline_data) return ret; } sb = inode->i_sb; if (inode->i_size < EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(1) + EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(2)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "invalid size"); return true; } /* The first directory block must not be a hole, * so treat it as DIRENT_HTREE */ bh = ext4_read_dirblock(inode, 0, DIRENT_HTREE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return true; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) bh->b_data; if (ext4_check_dir_entry(inode, NULL, de, bh, bh->b_data, bh->b_size, 0) || le32_to_cpu(de->inode) != inode->i_ino || strcmp(".", de->name)) { ext4_warning_inode(inode, "directory missing '.'"); brelse(bh); return true; } offset = ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, sb->s_blocksize); de = ext4_next_entry(de, sb->s_blocksize); if (ext4_check_dir_entry(inode, NULL, de, bh, bh->b_data, bh->b_size, offset) || le32_to_cpu(de->inode) == 0 || strcmp("..", de->name)) { ext4_warning_inode(inode, "directory missing '..'"); brelse(bh); return true; } offset += ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, sb->s_blocksize); while (offset < inode->i_size) { if (!(offset & (sb->s_blocksize - 1))) { unsigned int lblock; brelse(bh); lblock = offset >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); bh = ext4_read_dirblock(inode, lblock, EITHER); if (bh == NULL) { offset += sb->s_blocksize; continue; } if (IS_ERR(bh)) return true; } de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) (bh->b_data + (offset & (sb->s_blocksize - 1))); if (ext4_check_dir_entry(inode, NULL, de, bh, bh->b_data, bh->b_size, offset)) { offset = (offset | (sb->s_blocksize - 1)) + 1; continue; } if (le32_to_cpu(de->inode)) { brelse(bh); return false; } offset += ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, sb->s_blocksize); } brelse(bh); return true; } /* * ext4_orphan_add() links an unlinked or truncated inode into a list of * such inodes, starting at the superblock, in case we crash before the * file is closed/deleted, or in case the inode truncate spans multiple * transactions and the last transaction is not recovered after a crash. * * At filesystem recovery time, we walk this list deleting unlinked * inodes and truncating linked inodes in ext4_orphan_cleanup(). * * Orphan list manipulation functions must be called under i_mutex unless * we are just creating the inode or deleting it. */ int ext4_orphan_add(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_iloc iloc; int err = 0, rc; bool dirty = false; if (!sbi->s_journal || is_bad_inode(inode)) return 0; WARN_ON_ONCE(!(inode->i_state & (I_NEW | I_FREEING)) && !inode_is_locked(inode)); /* * Exit early if inode already is on orphan list. This is a big speedup * since we don't have to contend on the global s_orphan_lock. */ if (!list_empty(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan)) return 0; /* * Orphan handling is only valid for files with data blocks * being truncated, or files being unlinked. Note that we either * hold i_mutex, or the inode can not be referenced from outside, * so i_nlink should not be bumped due to race */ J_ASSERT((S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) || inode->i_nlink == 0); BUFFER_TRACE(sbi->s_sbh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, sbi->s_sbh); if (err) goto out; err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, inode, &iloc); if (err) goto out; mutex_lock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); /* * Due to previous errors inode may be already a part of on-disk * orphan list. If so skip on-disk list modification. */ if (!NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) || NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) > (le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_inodes_count))) { /* Insert this inode at the head of the on-disk orphan list */ NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) = le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_last_orphan); sbi->s_es->s_last_orphan = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino); dirty = true; } list_add(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan, &sbi->s_orphan); mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); if (dirty) { err = ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb); rc = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc); if (!err) err = rc; if (err) { /* * We have to remove inode from in-memory list if * addition to on disk orphan list failed. Stray orphan * list entries can cause panics at unmount time. */ mutex_lock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); list_del_init(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan); mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); } } else brelse(iloc.bh); jbd_debug(4, "superblock will point to %lu\n", inode->i_ino); jbd_debug(4, "orphan inode %lu will point to %d\n", inode->i_ino, NEXT_ORPHAN(inode)); out: ext4_std_error(sb, err); return err; } /* * ext4_orphan_del() removes an unlinked or truncated inode from the list * of such inodes stored on disk, because it is finally being cleaned up. */ int ext4_orphan_del(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode) { struct list_head *prev; struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); __u32 ino_next; struct ext4_iloc iloc; int err = 0; if (!sbi->s_journal && !(sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_ORPHAN_FS)) return 0; WARN_ON_ONCE(!(inode->i_state & (I_NEW | I_FREEING)) && !inode_is_locked(inode)); /* Do this quick check before taking global s_orphan_lock. */ if (list_empty(&ei->i_orphan)) return 0; if (handle) { /* Grab inode buffer early before taking global s_orphan_lock */ err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, inode, &iloc); } mutex_lock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); jbd_debug(4, "remove inode %lu from orphan list\n", inode->i_ino); prev = ei->i_orphan.prev; list_del_init(&ei->i_orphan); /* If we're on an error path, we may not have a valid * transaction handle with which to update the orphan list on * disk, but we still need to remove the inode from the linked * list in memory. */ if (!handle || err) { mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); goto out_err; } ino_next = NEXT_ORPHAN(inode); if (prev == &sbi->s_orphan) { jbd_debug(4, "superblock will point to %u\n", ino_next); BUFFER_TRACE(sbi->s_sbh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, sbi->s_sbh); if (err) { mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); goto out_brelse; } sbi->s_es->s_last_orphan = cpu_to_le32(ino_next); mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); err = ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, inode->i_sb); } else { struct ext4_iloc iloc2; struct inode *i_prev = &list_entry(prev, struct ext4_inode_info, i_orphan)->vfs_inode; jbd_debug(4, "orphan inode %lu will point to %u\n", i_prev->i_ino, ino_next); err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, i_prev, &iloc2); if (err) { mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); goto out_brelse; } NEXT_ORPHAN(i_prev) = ino_next; err = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, i_prev, &iloc2); mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); } if (err) goto out_brelse; NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) = 0; err = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc); out_err: ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, err); return err; out_brelse: brelse(iloc.bh); goto out_err; } static int ext4_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { int retval; struct inode *inode; struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; handle_t *handle = NULL; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)))) return -EIO; /* Initialize quotas before so that eventual writes go in * separate transaction */ retval = dquot_initialize(dir); if (retval) return retval; retval = dquot_initialize(d_inode(dentry)); if (retval) return retval; retval = -ENOENT; bh = ext4_find_entry(dir, &dentry->d_name, &de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); if (!bh) goto end_rmdir; inode = d_inode(dentry); retval = -EFSCORRUPTED; if (le32_to_cpu(de->inode) != inode->i_ino) goto end_rmdir; retval = -ENOTEMPTY; if (!ext4_empty_dir(inode)) goto end_rmdir; handle = ext4_journal_start(dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { retval = PTR_ERR(handle); handle = NULL; goto end_rmdir; } if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); retval = ext4_delete_entry(handle, dir, de, bh); if (retval) goto end_rmdir; if (!EXT4_DIR_LINK_EMPTY(inode)) ext4_warning_inode(inode, "empty directory '%.*s' has too many links (%u)", dentry->d_name.len, dentry->d_name.name, inode->i_nlink); inode_inc_iversion(inode); clear_nlink(inode); /* There's no need to set i_disksize: the fact that i_nlink is * zero will ensure that the right thing happens during any * recovery. */ inode->i_size = 0; ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); inode->i_ctime = dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = current_time(inode); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (retval) goto end_rmdir; ext4_dec_count(dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(dir); ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle, dentry); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE /* VFS negative dentries are incompatible with Encoding and * Case-insensitiveness. Eventually we'll want avoid * invalidating the dentries here, alongside with returning the * negative dentries at ext4_lookup(), when it is better * supported by the VFS for the CI case. */ if (IS_CASEFOLDED(dir)) d_invalidate(dentry); #endif end_rmdir: brelse(bh); if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); return retval; } int __ext4_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *d_name, struct inode *inode) { int retval = -ENOENT; struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; int skip_remove_dentry = 0; bh = ext4_find_entry(dir, d_name, &de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); if (!bh) return -ENOENT; if (le32_to_cpu(de->inode) != inode->i_ino) { /* * It's okay if we find dont find dentry which matches * the inode. That's because it might have gotten * renamed to a different inode number */ if (EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY) skip_remove_dentry = 1; else goto out; } if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); if (!skip_remove_dentry) { retval = ext4_delete_entry(handle, dir, de, bh); if (retval) goto out; dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = current_time(dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(dir); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); if (retval) goto out; } else { retval = 0; } if (inode->i_nlink == 0) ext4_warning_inode(inode, "Deleting file '%.*s' with no links", d_name->len, d_name->name); else drop_nlink(inode); if (!inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); out: brelse(bh); return retval; } static int ext4_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { handle_t *handle; int retval; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)))) return -EIO; trace_ext4_unlink_enter(dir, dentry); /* * Initialize quotas before so that eventual writes go * in separate transaction */ retval = dquot_initialize(dir); if (retval) goto out_trace; retval = dquot_initialize(d_inode(dentry)); if (retval) goto out_trace; handle = ext4_journal_start(dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { retval = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out_trace; } retval = __ext4_unlink(handle, dir, &dentry->d_name, d_inode(dentry)); if (!retval) ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle, dentry); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE /* VFS negative dentries are incompatible with Encoding and * Case-insensitiveness. Eventually we'll want avoid * invalidating the dentries here, alongside with returning the * negative dentries at ext4_lookup(), when it is better * supported by the VFS for the CI case. */ if (IS_CASEFOLDED(dir)) d_invalidate(dentry); #endif if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); out_trace: trace_ext4_unlink_exit(dentry, retval); return retval; } static int ext4_symlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, const char *symname) { handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode; int err, len = strlen(symname); int credits; struct fscrypt_str disk_link; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)))) return -EIO; err = fscrypt_prepare_symlink(dir, symname, len, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize, &disk_link); if (err) return err; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; if ((disk_link.len > EXT4_N_BLOCKS * 4)) { /* * For non-fast symlinks, we just allocate inode and put it on * orphan list in the first transaction => we need bitmap, * group descriptor, sb, inode block, quota blocks, and * possibly selinux xattr blocks. */ credits = 4 + EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_INIT_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS; } else { /* * Fast symlink. We have to add entry to directory * (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS), * allocate new inode (bitmap, group descriptor, inode block, * quota blocks, sb is already counted in previous macros). */ credits = EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 3; } inode = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, S_IFLNK|S_IRWXUGO, &dentry->d_name, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); if (IS_ERR(inode)) { if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); return PTR_ERR(inode); } if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) { err = fscrypt_encrypt_symlink(inode, symname, len, &disk_link); if (err) goto err_drop_inode; inode->i_op = &ext4_encrypted_symlink_inode_operations; } if ((disk_link.len > EXT4_N_BLOCKS * 4)) { if (!IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) inode->i_op = &ext4_symlink_inode_operations; inode_nohighmem(inode); ext4_set_aops(inode); /* * We cannot call page_symlink() with transaction started * because it calls into ext4_write_begin() which can wait * for transaction commit if we are running out of space * and thus we deadlock. So we have to stop transaction now * and restart it when symlink contents is written. * * To keep fs consistent in case of crash, we have to put inode * to orphan list in the mean time. */ drop_nlink(inode); err = ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); handle = NULL; if (err) goto err_drop_inode; err = __page_symlink(inode, disk_link.name, disk_link.len, 1); if (err) goto err_drop_inode; /* * Now inode is being linked into dir (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS * + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS), inode is also modified */ handle = ext4_journal_start(dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 1); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { err = PTR_ERR(handle); handle = NULL; goto err_drop_inode; } set_nlink(inode, 1); err = ext4_orphan_del(handle, inode); if (err) goto err_drop_inode; } else { /* clear the extent format for fast symlink */ ext4_clear_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS); if (!IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) { inode->i_op = &ext4_fast_symlink_inode_operations; inode->i_link = (char *)&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data; } memcpy((char *)&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data, disk_link.name, disk_link.len); inode->i_size = disk_link.len - 1; } EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = inode->i_size; err = ext4_add_nondir(handle, dentry, &inode); if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (inode) iput(inode); goto out_free_encrypted_link; err_drop_inode: if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); clear_nlink(inode); unlock_new_inode(inode); iput(inode); out_free_encrypted_link: if (disk_link.name != (unsigned char *)symname) kfree(disk_link.name); return err; } int __ext4_link(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { handle_t *handle; int err, retries = 0; retry: handle = ext4_journal_start(dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS) + 1); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); ext4_inc_count(inode); ihold(inode); err = ext4_add_entry(handle, dentry, inode); if (!err) { err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); /* this can happen only for tmpfile being * linked the first time */ if (inode->i_nlink == 1) ext4_orphan_del(handle, inode); d_instantiate(dentry, inode); ext4_fc_track_link(handle, dentry); } else { drop_nlink(inode); iput(inode); } ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return err; } static int ext4_link(struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(old_dentry); int err; if (inode->i_nlink >= EXT4_LINK_MAX) return -EMLINK; err = fscrypt_prepare_link(old_dentry, dir, dentry); if (err) return err; if ((ext4_test_inode_flag(dir, EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT)) && (!projid_eq(EXT4_I(dir)->i_projid, EXT4_I(old_dentry->d_inode)->i_projid))) return -EXDEV; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; return __ext4_link(dir, inode, dentry); } /* * Try to find buffer head where contains the parent block. * It should be the inode block if it is inlined or the 1st block * if it is a normal dir. */ static struct buffer_head *ext4_get_first_dir_block(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int *retval, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **parent_de, int *inlined) { struct buffer_head *bh; if (!ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { /* The first directory block must not be a hole, so * treat it as DIRENT_HTREE */ bh = ext4_read_dirblock(inode, 0, DIRENT_HTREE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { *retval = PTR_ERR(bh); return NULL; } *parent_de = ext4_next_entry( (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)bh->b_data, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize); return bh; } *inlined = 1; return ext4_get_first_inline_block(inode, parent_de, retval); } struct ext4_renament { struct inode *dir; struct dentry *dentry; struct inode *inode; bool is_dir; int dir_nlink_delta; /* entry for "dentry" */ struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; int inlined; /* entry for ".." in inode if it's a directory */ struct buffer_head *dir_bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *parent_de; int dir_inlined; }; static int ext4_rename_dir_prepare(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent) { int retval; ent->dir_bh = ext4_get_first_dir_block(handle, ent->inode, &retval, &ent->parent_de, &ent->dir_inlined); if (!ent->dir_bh) return retval; if (le32_to_cpu(ent->parent_de->inode) != ent->dir->i_ino) return -EFSCORRUPTED; BUFFER_TRACE(ent->dir_bh, "get_write_access"); return ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, ent->dir_bh); } static int ext4_rename_dir_finish(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent, unsigned dir_ino) { int retval; ent->parent_de->inode = cpu_to_le32(dir_ino); BUFFER_TRACE(ent->dir_bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); if (!ent->dir_inlined) { if (is_dx(ent->inode)) { retval = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, ent->inode, ent->dir_bh); } else { retval = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, ent->inode, ent->dir_bh); } } else { retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, ent->inode); } if (retval) { ext4_std_error(ent->dir->i_sb, retval); return retval; } return 0; } static int ext4_setent(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent, unsigned ino, unsigned file_type) { int retval, retval2; BUFFER_TRACE(ent->bh, "get write access"); retval = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, ent->bh); if (retval) return retval; ent->de->inode = cpu_to_le32(ino); if (ext4_has_feature_filetype(ent->dir->i_sb)) ent->de->file_type = file_type; inode_inc_iversion(ent->dir); ent->dir->i_ctime = ent->dir->i_mtime = current_time(ent->dir); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, ent->dir); BUFFER_TRACE(ent->bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); if (!ent->inlined) { retval2 = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, ent->dir, ent->bh); if (unlikely(retval2)) { ext4_std_error(ent->dir->i_sb, retval2); return retval2; } } return retval; } static void ext4_resetent(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent, unsigned ino, unsigned file_type) { struct ext4_renament old = *ent; int retval = 0; /* * old->de could have moved from under us during make indexed dir, * so the old->de may no longer valid and need to find it again * before reset old inode info. */ old.bh = ext4_find_entry(old.dir, &old.dentry->d_name, &old.de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(old.bh)) retval = PTR_ERR(old.bh); if (!old.bh) retval = -ENOENT; if (retval) { ext4_std_error(old.dir->i_sb, retval); return; } ext4_setent(handle, &old, ino, file_type); brelse(old.bh); } static int ext4_find_delete_entry(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *d_name) { int retval = -ENOENT; struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; bh = ext4_find_entry(dir, d_name, &de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); if (bh) { retval = ext4_delete_entry(handle, dir, de, bh); brelse(bh); } return retval; } static void ext4_rename_delete(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent, int force_reread) { int retval; /* * ent->de could have moved from under us during htree split, so make * sure that we are deleting the right entry. We might also be pointing * to a stale entry in the unused part of ent->bh so just checking inum * and the name isn't enough. */ if (le32_to_cpu(ent->de->inode) != ent->inode->i_ino || ent->de->name_len != ent->dentry->d_name.len || strncmp(ent->de->name, ent->dentry->d_name.name, ent->de->name_len) || force_reread) { retval = ext4_find_delete_entry(handle, ent->dir, &ent->dentry->d_name); } else { retval = ext4_delete_entry(handle, ent->dir, ent->de, ent->bh); if (retval == -ENOENT) { retval = ext4_find_delete_entry(handle, ent->dir, &ent->dentry->d_name); } } if (retval) { ext4_warning_inode(ent->dir, "Deleting old file: nlink %d, error=%d", ent->dir->i_nlink, retval); } } static void ext4_update_dir_count(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent) { if (ent->dir_nlink_delta) { if (ent->dir_nlink_delta == -1) ext4_dec_count(ent->dir); else ext4_inc_count(ent->dir); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, ent->dir); } } static struct inode *ext4_whiteout_for_rename(struct ext4_renament *ent, int credits, handle_t **h) { struct inode *wh; handle_t *handle; int retries = 0; /* * for inode block, sb block, group summaries, * and inode bitmap */ credits += (EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(ent->dir->i_sb) + EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS + 4); retry: wh = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(ent->dir, S_IFCHR | WHITEOUT_MODE, &ent->dentry->d_name, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); if (IS_ERR(wh)) { if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (PTR_ERR(wh) == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(ent->dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; } else { *h = handle; init_special_inode(wh, wh->i_mode, WHITEOUT_DEV); wh->i_op = &ext4_special_inode_operations; } return wh; } /* * Anybody can rename anything with this: the permission checks are left to the * higher-level routines. * * n.b. old_{dentry,inode) refers to the source dentry/inode * while new_{dentry,inode) refers to the destination dentry/inode * This comes from rename(const char *oldpath, const char *newpath) */ static int ext4_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, unsigned int flags) { handle_t *handle = NULL; struct ext4_renament old = { .dir = old_dir, .dentry = old_dentry, .inode = d_inode(old_dentry), }; struct ext4_renament new = { .dir = new_dir, .dentry = new_dentry, .inode = d_inode(new_dentry), }; int force_reread; int retval; struct inode *whiteout = NULL; int credits; u8 old_file_type; if (new.inode && new.inode->i_nlink == 0) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(new.inode, "target of rename is already freed"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if ((ext4_test_inode_flag(new_dir, EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT)) && (!projid_eq(EXT4_I(new_dir)->i_projid, EXT4_I(old_dentry->d_inode)->i_projid))) return -EXDEV; retval = dquot_initialize(old.dir); if (retval) return retval; retval = dquot_initialize(new.dir); if (retval) return retval; /* Initialize quotas before so that eventual writes go * in separate transaction */ if (new.inode) { retval = dquot_initialize(new.inode); if (retval) return retval; } old.bh = ext4_find_entry(old.dir, &old.dentry->d_name, &old.de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(old.bh)) return PTR_ERR(old.bh); /* * Check for inode number is _not_ due to possible IO errors. * We might rmdir the source, keep it as pwd of some process * and merrily kill the link to whatever was created under the * same name. Goodbye sticky bit ;-< */ retval = -ENOENT; if (!old.bh || le32_to_cpu(old.de->inode) != old.inode->i_ino) goto release_bh; new.bh = ext4_find_entry(new.dir, &new.dentry->d_name, &new.de, &new.inlined); if (IS_ERR(new.bh)) { retval = PTR_ERR(new.bh); new.bh = NULL; goto release_bh; } if (new.bh) { if (!new.inode) { brelse(new.bh); new.bh = NULL; } } if (new.inode && !test_opt(new.dir->i_sb, NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC)) ext4_alloc_da_blocks(old.inode); credits = (2 * EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(old.dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 2); if (!(flags & RENAME_WHITEOUT)) { handle = ext4_journal_start(old.dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { retval = PTR_ERR(handle); goto release_bh; } } else { whiteout = ext4_whiteout_for_rename(&old, credits, &handle); if (IS_ERR(whiteout)) { retval = PTR_ERR(whiteout); goto release_bh; } } old_file_type = old.de->file_type; if (IS_DIRSYNC(old.dir) || IS_DIRSYNC(new.dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); if (S_ISDIR(old.inode->i_mode)) { if (new.inode) { retval = -ENOTEMPTY; if (!ext4_empty_dir(new.inode)) goto end_rename; } else { retval = -EMLINK; if (new.dir != old.dir && EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(new.dir)) goto end_rename; } retval = ext4_rename_dir_prepare(handle, &old); if (retval) goto end_rename; } /* * If we're renaming a file within an inline_data dir and adding or * setting the new dirent causes a conversion from inline_data to * extents/blockmap, we need to force the dirent delete code to * re-read the directory, or else we end up trying to delete a dirent * from what is now the extent tree root (or a block map). */ force_reread = (new.dir->i_ino == old.dir->i_ino && ext4_test_inode_flag(new.dir, EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA)); if (whiteout) { /* * Do this before adding a new entry, so the old entry is sure * to be still pointing to the valid old entry. */ retval = ext4_setent(handle, &old, whiteout->i_ino, EXT4_FT_CHRDEV); if (retval) goto end_rename; retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, whiteout); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; } if (!new.bh) { retval = ext4_add_entry(handle, new.dentry, old.inode); if (retval) goto end_rename; } else { retval = ext4_setent(handle, &new, old.inode->i_ino, old_file_type); if (retval) goto end_rename; } if (force_reread) force_reread = !ext4_test_inode_flag(new.dir, EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA); /* * Like most other Unix systems, set the ctime for inodes on a * rename. */ old.inode->i_ctime = current_time(old.inode); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, old.inode); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; if (!whiteout) { /* * ok, that's it */ ext4_rename_delete(handle, &old, force_reread); } if (new.inode) { ext4_dec_count(new.inode); new.inode->i_ctime = current_time(new.inode); } old.dir->i_ctime = old.dir->i_mtime = current_time(old.dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(old.dir); if (old.dir_bh) { retval = ext4_rename_dir_finish(handle, &old, new.dir->i_ino); if (retval) goto end_rename; ext4_dec_count(old.dir); if (new.inode) { /* checked ext4_empty_dir above, can't have another * parent, ext4_dec_count() won't work for many-linked * dirs */ clear_nlink(new.inode); } else { ext4_inc_count(new.dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(new.dir); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, new.dir); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; } } retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, old.dir); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; if (S_ISDIR(old.inode->i_mode)) { /* * We disable fast commits here that's because the * replay code is not yet capable of changing dot dot * dirents in directories. */ ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(old.inode->i_sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_RENAME_DIR); } else { if (new.inode) ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle, new.dentry); __ext4_fc_track_link(handle, old.inode, new.dentry); __ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle, old.inode, old.dentry); if (whiteout) __ext4_fc_track_create(handle, whiteout, old.dentry); } if (new.inode) { retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, new.inode); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; if (!new.inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_add(handle, new.inode); } retval = 0; end_rename: if (whiteout) { if (retval) { ext4_resetent(handle, &old, old.inode->i_ino, old_file_type); drop_nlink(whiteout); ext4_orphan_add(handle, whiteout); } unlock_new_inode(whiteout); ext4_journal_stop(handle); iput(whiteout); } else { ext4_journal_stop(handle); } release_bh: brelse(old.dir_bh); brelse(old.bh); brelse(new.bh); return retval; } static int ext4_cross_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry) { handle_t *handle = NULL; struct ext4_renament old = { .dir = old_dir, .dentry = old_dentry, .inode = d_inode(old_dentry), }; struct ext4_renament new = { .dir = new_dir, .dentry = new_dentry, .inode = d_inode(new_dentry), }; u8 new_file_type; int retval; struct timespec64 ctime; if ((ext4_test_inode_flag(new_dir, EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT) && !projid_eq(EXT4_I(new_dir)->i_projid, EXT4_I(old_dentry->d_inode)->i_projid)) || (ext4_test_inode_flag(old_dir, EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT) && !projid_eq(EXT4_I(old_dir)->i_projid, EXT4_I(new_dentry->d_inode)->i_projid))) return -EXDEV; retval = dquot_initialize(old.dir); if (retval) return retval; retval = dquot_initialize(new.dir); if (retval) return retval; old.bh = ext4_find_entry(old.dir, &old.dentry->d_name, &old.de, &old.inlined); if (IS_ERR(old.bh)) return PTR_ERR(old.bh); /* * Check for inode number is _not_ due to possible IO errors. * We might rmdir the source, keep it as pwd of some process * and merrily kill the link to whatever was created under the * same name. Goodbye sticky bit ;-< */ retval = -ENOENT; if (!old.bh || le32_to_cpu(old.de->inode) != old.inode->i_ino) goto end_rename; new.bh = ext4_find_entry(new.dir, &new.dentry->d_name, &new.de, &new.inlined); if (IS_ERR(new.bh)) { retval = PTR_ERR(new.bh); new.bh = NULL; goto end_rename; } /* RENAME_EXCHANGE case: old *and* new must both exist */ if (!new.bh || le32_to_cpu(new.de->inode) != new.inode->i_ino) goto end_rename; handle = ext4_journal_start(old.dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, (2 * EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(old.dir->i_sb) + 2 * EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 2)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { retval = PTR_ERR(handle); handle = NULL; goto end_rename; } if (IS_DIRSYNC(old.dir) || IS_DIRSYNC(new.dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); if (S_ISDIR(old.inode->i_mode)) { old.is_dir = true; retval = ext4_rename_dir_prepare(handle, &old); if (retval) goto end_rename; } if (S_ISDIR(new.inode->i_mode)) { new.is_dir = true; retval = ext4_rename_dir_prepare(handle, &new); if (retval) goto end_rename; } /* * Other than the special case of overwriting a directory, parents' * nlink only needs to be modified if this is a cross directory rename. */ if (old.dir != new.dir && old.is_dir != new.is_dir) { old.dir_nlink_delta = old.is_dir ? -1 : 1; new.dir_nlink_delta = -old.dir_nlink_delta; retval = -EMLINK; if ((old.dir_nlink_delta > 0 && EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(old.dir)) || (new.dir_nlink_delta > 0 && EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(new.dir))) goto end_rename; } new_file_type = new.de->file_type; retval = ext4_setent(handle, &new, old.inode->i_ino, old.de->file_type); if (retval) goto end_rename; retval = ext4_setent(handle, &old, new.inode->i_ino, new_file_type); if (retval) goto end_rename; /* * Like most other Unix systems, set the ctime for inodes on a * rename. */ ctime = current_time(old.inode); old.inode->i_ctime = ctime; new.inode->i_ctime = ctime; retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, old.inode); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, new.inode); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(new.inode->i_sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_CROSS_RENAME); if (old.dir_bh) { retval = ext4_rename_dir_finish(handle, &old, new.dir->i_ino); if (retval) goto end_rename; } if (new.dir_bh) { retval = ext4_rename_dir_finish(handle, &new, old.dir->i_ino); if (retval) goto end_rename; } ext4_update_dir_count(handle, &old); ext4_update_dir_count(handle, &new); retval = 0; end_rename: brelse(old.dir_bh); brelse(new.dir_bh); brelse(old.bh); brelse(new.bh); if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); return retval; } static int ext4_rename2(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, unsigned int flags) { int err; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(old_dir->i_sb)))) return -EIO; if (flags & ~(RENAME_NOREPLACE | RENAME_EXCHANGE | RENAME_WHITEOUT)) return -EINVAL; err = fscrypt_prepare_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, flags); if (err) return err; if (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) { return ext4_cross_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry); } return ext4_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, flags); } /* * directories can handle most operations... */ const struct inode_operations ext4_dir_inode_operations = { .create = ext4_create, .lookup = ext4_lookup, .link = ext4_link, .unlink = ext4_unlink, .symlink = ext4_symlink, .mkdir = ext4_mkdir, .rmdir = ext4_rmdir, .mknod = ext4_mknod, .tmpfile = ext4_tmpfile, .rename = ext4_rename2, .setattr = ext4_setattr, .getattr = ext4_getattr, .listxattr = ext4_listxattr, .get_acl = ext4_get_acl, .set_acl = ext4_set_acl, .fiemap = ext4_fiemap, }; const struct inode_operations ext4_special_inode_operations = { .setattr = ext4_setattr, .getattr = ext4_getattr, .listxattr = ext4_listxattr, .get_acl = ext4_get_acl, .set_acl = ext4_set_acl, };
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2207 2208 2209 2210 2211 2212 2213 2214 2215 2216 2217 2218 2219 2220 2221 2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ /* * XArray implementation * Copyright (c) 2017-2018 Microsoft Corporation * Copyright (c) 2018-2020 Oracle * Author: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> */ #include <linux/bitmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> /* * Coding conventions in this file: * * @xa is used to refer to the entire xarray. * @xas is the 'xarray operation state'. It may be either a pointer to * an xa_state, or an xa_state stored on the stack. This is an unfortunate * ambiguity. * @index is the index of the entry being operated on * @mark is an xa_mark_t; a small number indicating one of the mark bits. * @node refers to an xa_node; usually the primary one being operated on by * this function. * @offset is the index into the slots array inside an xa_node. * @parent refers to the @xa_node closer to the head than @node. * @entry refers to something stored in a slot in the xarray */ static inline unsigned int xa_lock_type(const struct xarray *xa) { return (__force unsigned int)xa->xa_flags & 3; } static inline void xas_lock_type(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned int lock_type) { if (lock_type == XA_LOCK_IRQ) xas_lock_irq(xas); else if (lock_type == XA_LOCK_BH) xas_lock_bh(xas); else xas_lock(xas); } static inline void xas_unlock_type(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned int lock_type) { if (lock_type == XA_LOCK_IRQ) xas_unlock_irq(xas); else if (lock_type == XA_LOCK_BH) xas_unlock_bh(xas); else xas_unlock(xas); } static inline bool xa_track_free(const struct xarray *xa) { return xa->xa_flags & XA_FLAGS_TRACK_FREE; } static inline bool xa_zero_busy(const struct xarray *xa) { return xa->xa_flags & XA_FLAGS_ZERO_BUSY; } static inline void xa_mark_set(struct xarray *xa, xa_mark_t mark) { if (!(xa->xa_flags & XA_FLAGS_MARK(mark))) xa->xa_flags |= XA_FLAGS_MARK(mark); } static inline void xa_mark_clear(struct xarray *xa, xa_mark_t mark) { if (xa->xa_flags & XA_FLAGS_MARK(mark)) xa->xa_flags &= ~(XA_FLAGS_MARK(mark)); } static inline unsigned long *node_marks(struct xa_node *node, xa_mark_t mark) { return node->marks[(__force unsigned)mark]; } static inline bool node_get_mark(struct xa_node *node, unsigned int offset, xa_mark_t mark) { return test_bit(offset, node_marks(node, mark)); } /* returns true if the bit was set */ static inline bool node_set_mark(struct xa_node *node, unsigned int offset, xa_mark_t mark) { return __test_and_set_bit(offset, node_marks(node, mark)); } /* returns true if the bit was set */ static inline bool node_clear_mark(struct xa_node *node, unsigned int offset, xa_mark_t mark) { return __test_and_clear_bit(offset, node_marks(node, mark)); } static inline bool node_any_mark(struct xa_node *node, xa_mark_t mark) { return !bitmap_empty(node_marks(node, mark), XA_CHUNK_SIZE); } static inline void node_mark_all(struct xa_node *node, xa_mark_t mark) { bitmap_fill(node_marks(node, mark), XA_CHUNK_SIZE); } #define mark_inc(mark) do { \ mark = (__force xa_mark_t)((__force unsigned)(mark) + 1); \ } while (0) /* * xas_squash_marks() - Merge all marks to the first entry * @xas: Array operation state. * * Set a mark on the first entry if any entry has it set. Clear marks on * all sibling entries. */ static void xas_squash_marks(const struct xa_state *xas) { unsigned int mark = 0; unsigned int limit = xas->xa_offset + xas->xa_sibs + 1; if (!xas->xa_sibs) return; do { unsigned long *marks = xas->xa_node->marks[mark]; if (find_next_bit(marks, limit, xas->xa_offset + 1) == limit) continue; __set_bit(xas->xa_offset, marks); bitmap_clear(marks, xas->xa_offset + 1, xas->xa_sibs); } while (mark++ != (__force unsigned)XA_MARK_MAX); } /* extracts the offset within this node from the index */ static unsigned int get_offset(unsigned long index, struct xa_node *node) { return (index >> node->shift) & XA_CHUNK_MASK; } static void xas_set_offset(struct xa_state *xas) { xas->xa_offset = get_offset(xas->xa_index, xas->xa_node); } /* move the index either forwards (find) or backwards (sibling slot) */ static void xas_move_index(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned long offset) { unsigned int shift = xas->xa_node->shift; xas->xa_index &= ~XA_CHUNK_MASK << shift; xas->xa_index += offset << shift; } static void xas_advance(struct xa_state *xas) { xas->xa_offset++; xas_move_index(xas, xas->xa_offset); } static void *set_bounds(struct xa_state *xas) { xas->xa_node = XAS_BOUNDS; return NULL; } /* * Starts a walk. If the @xas is already valid, we assume that it's on * the right path and just return where we've got to. If we're in an * error state, return NULL. If the index is outside the current scope * of the xarray, return NULL without changing @xas->xa_node. Otherwise * set @xas->xa_node to NULL and return the current head of the array. */ static void *xas_start(struct xa_state *xas) { void *entry; if (xas_valid(xas)) return xas_reload(xas); if (xas_error(xas)) return NULL; entry = xa_head(xas->xa); if (!xa_is_node(entry)) { if (xas->xa_index) return set_bounds(xas); } else { if ((xas->xa_index >> xa_to_node(entry)->shift) > XA_CHUNK_MASK) return set_bounds(xas); } xas->xa_node = NULL; return entry; } static void *xas_descend(struct xa_state *xas, struct xa_node *node) { unsigned int offset = get_offset(xas->xa_index, node); void *entry = xa_entry(xas->xa, node, offset); xas->xa_node = node; if (xa_is_sibling(entry)) { offset = xa_to_sibling(entry); entry = xa_entry(xas->xa, node, offset); } xas->xa_offset = offset; return entry; } /** * xas_load() - Load an entry from the XArray (advanced). * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Usually walks the @xas to the appropriate state to load the entry * stored at xa_index. However, it will do nothing and return %NULL if * @xas is in an error state. xas_load() will never expand the tree. * * If the xa_state is set up to operate on a multi-index entry, xas_load() * may return %NULL or an internal entry, even if there are entries * present within the range specified by @xas. * * Context: Any context. The caller should hold the xa_lock or the RCU lock. * Return: Usually an entry in the XArray, but see description for exceptions. */ void *xas_load(struct xa_state *xas) { void *entry = xas_start(xas); while (xa_is_node(entry)) { struct xa_node *node = xa_to_node(entry); if (xas->xa_shift > node->shift) break; entry = xas_descend(xas, node); if (node->shift == 0) break; } return entry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_load); /* Move the radix tree node cache here */ extern struct kmem_cache *radix_tree_node_cachep; extern void radix_tree_node_rcu_free(struct rcu_head *head); #define XA_RCU_FREE ((struct xarray *)1) static void xa_node_free(struct xa_node *node) { XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, !list_empty(&node->private_list)); node->array = XA_RCU_FREE; call_rcu(&node->rcu_head, radix_tree_node_rcu_free); } /* * xas_destroy() - Free any resources allocated during the XArray operation. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * This function is now internal-only. */ static void xas_destroy(struct xa_state *xas) { struct xa_node *next, *node = xas->xa_alloc; while (node) { XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, !list_empty(&node->private_list)); next = rcu_dereference_raw(node->parent); radix_tree_node_rcu_free(&node->rcu_head); xas->xa_alloc = node = next; } } /** * xas_nomem() - Allocate memory if needed. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * If we need to add new nodes to the XArray, we try to allocate memory * with GFP_NOWAIT while holding the lock, which will usually succeed. * If it fails, @xas is flagged as needing memory to continue. The caller * should drop the lock and call xas_nomem(). If xas_nomem() succeeds, * the caller should retry the operation. * * Forward progress is guaranteed as one node is allocated here and * stored in the xa_state where it will be found by xas_alloc(). More * nodes will likely be found in the slab allocator, but we do not tie * them up here. * * Return: true if memory was needed, and was successfully allocated. */ bool xas_nomem(struct xa_state *xas, gfp_t gfp) { if (xas->xa_node != XA_ERROR(-ENOMEM)) { xas_destroy(xas); return false; } if (xas->xa->xa_flags & XA_FLAGS_ACCOUNT) gfp |= __GFP_ACCOUNT; xas->xa_alloc = kmem_cache_alloc(radix_tree_node_cachep, gfp); if (!xas->xa_alloc) return false; xas->xa_alloc->parent = NULL; XA_NODE_BUG_ON(xas->xa_alloc, !list_empty(&xas->xa_alloc->private_list)); xas->xa_node = XAS_RESTART; return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_nomem); /* * __xas_nomem() - Drop locks and allocate memory if needed. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Internal variant of xas_nomem(). * * Return: true if memory was needed, and was successfully allocated. */ static bool __xas_nomem(struct xa_state *xas, gfp_t gfp) __must_hold(xas->xa->xa_lock) { unsigned int lock_type = xa_lock_type(xas->xa); if (xas->xa_node != XA_ERROR(-ENOMEM)) { xas_destroy(xas); return false; } if (xas->xa->xa_flags & XA_FLAGS_ACCOUNT) gfp |= __GFP_ACCOUNT; if (gfpflags_allow_blocking(gfp)) { xas_unlock_type(xas, lock_type); xas->xa_alloc = kmem_cache_alloc(radix_tree_node_cachep, gfp); xas_lock_type(xas, lock_type); } else { xas->xa_alloc = kmem_cache_alloc(radix_tree_node_cachep, gfp); } if (!xas->xa_alloc) return false; xas->xa_alloc->parent = NULL; XA_NODE_BUG_ON(xas->xa_alloc, !list_empty(&xas->xa_alloc->private_list)); xas->xa_node = XAS_RESTART; return true; } static void xas_update(struct xa_state *xas, struct xa_node *node) { if (xas->xa_update) xas->xa_update(node); else XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, !list_empty(&node->private_list)); } static void *xas_alloc(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned int shift) { struct xa_node *parent = xas->xa_node; struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_alloc; if (xas_invalid(xas)) return NULL; if (node) { xas->xa_alloc = NULL; } else { gfp_t gfp = GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN; if (xas->xa->xa_flags & XA_FLAGS_ACCOUNT) gfp |= __GFP_ACCOUNT; node = kmem_cache_alloc(radix_tree_node_cachep, gfp); if (!node) { xas_set_err(xas, -ENOMEM); return NULL; } } if (parent) { node->offset = xas->xa_offset; parent->count++; XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, parent->count > XA_CHUNK_SIZE); xas_update(xas, parent); } XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, shift > BITS_PER_LONG); XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, !list_empty(&node->private_list)); node->shift = shift; node->count = 0; node->nr_values = 0; RCU_INIT_POINTER(node->parent, xas->xa_node); node->array = xas->xa; return node; } #ifdef CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI /* Returns the number of indices covered by a given xa_state */ static unsigned long xas_size(const struct xa_state *xas) { return (xas->xa_sibs + 1UL) << xas->xa_shift; } #endif /* * Use this to calculate the maximum index that will need to be created * in order to add the entry described by @xas. Because we cannot store a * multi-index entry at index 0, the calculation is a little more complex * than you might expect. */ static unsigned long xas_max(struct xa_state *xas) { unsigned long max = xas->xa_index; #ifdef CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI if (xas->xa_shift || xas->xa_sibs) { unsigned long mask = xas_size(xas) - 1; max |= mask; if (mask == max) max++; } #endif return max; } /* The maximum index that can be contained in the array without expanding it */ static unsigned long max_index(void *entry) { if (!xa_is_node(entry)) return 0; return (XA_CHUNK_SIZE << xa_to_node(entry)->shift) - 1; } static void xas_shrink(struct xa_state *xas) { struct xarray *xa = xas->xa; struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; for (;;) { void *entry; XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, node->count > XA_CHUNK_SIZE); if (node->count != 1) break; entry = xa_entry_locked(xa, node, 0); if (!entry) break; if (!xa_is_node(entry) && node->shift) break; if (xa_is_zero(entry) && xa_zero_busy(xa)) entry = NULL; xas->xa_node = XAS_BOUNDS; RCU_INIT_POINTER(xa->xa_head, entry); if (xa_track_free(xa) && !node_get_mark(node, 0, XA_FREE_MARK)) xa_mark_clear(xa, XA_FREE_MARK); node->count = 0; node->nr_values = 0; if (!xa_is_node(entry)) RCU_INIT_POINTER(node->slots[0], XA_RETRY_ENTRY); xas_update(xas, node); xa_node_free(node); if (!xa_is_node(entry)) break; node = xa_to_node(entry); node->parent = NULL; } } /* * xas_delete_node() - Attempt to delete an xa_node * @xas: Array operation state. * * Attempts to delete the @xas->xa_node. This will fail if xa->node has * a non-zero reference count. */ static void xas_delete_node(struct xa_state *xas) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; for (;;) { struct xa_node *parent; XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, node->count > XA_CHUNK_SIZE); if (node->count) break; parent = xa_parent_locked(xas->xa, node); xas->xa_node = parent; xas->xa_offset = node->offset; xa_node_free(node); if (!parent) { xas->xa->xa_head = NULL; xas->xa_node = XAS_BOUNDS; return; } parent->slots[xas->xa_offset] = NULL; parent->count--; XA_NODE_BUG_ON(parent, parent->count > XA_CHUNK_SIZE); node = parent; xas_update(xas, node); } if (!node->parent) xas_shrink(xas); } /** * xas_free_nodes() - Free this node and all nodes that it references * @xas: Array operation state. * @top: Node to free * * This node has been removed from the tree. We must now free it and all * of its subnodes. There may be RCU walkers with references into the tree, * so we must replace all entries with retry markers. */ static void xas_free_nodes(struct xa_state *xas, struct xa_node *top) { unsigned int offset = 0; struct xa_node *node = top; for (;;) { void *entry = xa_entry_locked(xas->xa, node, offset); if (node->shift && xa_is_node(entry)) { node = xa_to_node(entry); offset = 0; continue; } if (entry) RCU_INIT_POINTER(node->slots[offset], XA_RETRY_ENTRY); offset++; while (offset == XA_CHUNK_SIZE) { struct xa_node *parent; parent = xa_parent_locked(xas->xa, node); offset = node->offset + 1; node->count = 0; node->nr_values = 0; xas_update(xas, node); xa_node_free(node); if (node == top) return; node = parent; } } } /* * xas_expand adds nodes to the head of the tree until it has reached * sufficient height to be able to contain @xas->xa_index */ static int xas_expand(struct xa_state *xas, void *head) { struct xarray *xa = xas->xa; struct xa_node *node = NULL; unsigned int shift = 0; unsigned long max = xas_max(xas); if (!head) { if (max == 0) return 0; while ((max >> shift) >= XA_CHUNK_SIZE) shift += XA_CHUNK_SHIFT; return shift + XA_CHUNK_SHIFT; } else if (xa_is_node(head)) { node = xa_to_node(head); shift = node->shift + XA_CHUNK_SHIFT; } xas->xa_node = NULL; while (max > max_index(head)) { xa_mark_t mark = 0; XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, shift > BITS_PER_LONG); node = xas_alloc(xas, shift); if (!node) return -ENOMEM; node->count = 1; if (xa_is_value(head)) node->nr_values = 1; RCU_INIT_POINTER(node->slots[0], head); /* Propagate the aggregated mark info to the new child */ for (;;) { if (xa_track_free(xa) && mark == XA_FREE_MARK) { node_mark_all(node, XA_FREE_MARK); if (!xa_marked(xa, XA_FREE_MARK)) { node_clear_mark(node, 0, XA_FREE_MARK); xa_mark_set(xa, XA_FREE_MARK); } } else if (xa_marked(xa, mark)) { node_set_mark(node, 0, mark); } if (mark == XA_MARK_MAX) break; mark_inc(mark); } /* * Now that the new node is fully initialised, we can add * it to the tree */ if (xa_is_node(head)) { xa_to_node(head)->offset = 0; rcu_assign_pointer(xa_to_node(head)->parent, node); } head = xa_mk_node(node); rcu_assign_pointer(xa->xa_head, head); xas_update(xas, node); shift += XA_CHUNK_SHIFT; } xas->xa_node = node; return shift; } /* * xas_create() - Create a slot to store an entry in. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @allow_root: %true if we can store the entry in the root directly * * Most users will not need to call this function directly, as it is called * by xas_store(). It is useful for doing conditional store operations * (see the xa_cmpxchg() implementation for an example). * * Return: If the slot already existed, returns the contents of this slot. * If the slot was newly created, returns %NULL. If it failed to create the * slot, returns %NULL and indicates the error in @xas. */ static void *xas_create(struct xa_state *xas, bool allow_root) { struct xarray *xa = xas->xa; void *entry; void __rcu **slot; struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; int shift; unsigned int order = xas->xa_shift; if (xas_top(node)) { entry = xa_head_locked(xa); xas->xa_node = NULL; if (!entry && xa_zero_busy(xa)) entry = XA_ZERO_ENTRY; shift = xas_expand(xas, entry); if (shift < 0) return NULL; if (!shift && !allow_root) shift = XA_CHUNK_SHIFT; entry = xa_head_locked(xa); slot = &xa->xa_head; } else if (xas_error(xas)) { return NULL; } else if (node) { unsigned int offset = xas->xa_offset; shift = node->shift; entry = xa_entry_locked(xa, node, offset); slot = &node->slots[offset]; } else { shift = 0; entry = xa_head_locked(xa); slot = &xa->xa_head; } while (shift > order) { shift -= XA_CHUNK_SHIFT; if (!entry) { node = xas_alloc(xas, shift); if (!node) break; if (xa_track_free(xa)) node_mark_all(node, XA_FREE_MARK); rcu_assign_pointer(*slot, xa_mk_node(node)); } else if (xa_is_node(entry)) { node = xa_to_node(entry); } else { break; } entry = xas_descend(xas, node); slot = &node->slots[xas->xa_offset]; } return entry; } /** * xas_create_range() - Ensure that stores to this range will succeed * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Creates all of the slots in the range covered by @xas. Sets @xas to * create single-index entries and positions it at the beginning of the * range. This is for the benefit of users which have not yet been * converted to use multi-index entries. */ void xas_create_range(struct xa_state *xas) { unsigned long index = xas->xa_index; unsigned char shift = xas->xa_shift; unsigned char sibs = xas->xa_sibs; xas->xa_index |= ((sibs + 1UL) << shift) - 1; if (xas_is_node(xas) && xas->xa_node->shift == xas->xa_shift) xas->xa_offset |= sibs; xas->xa_shift = 0; xas->xa_sibs = 0; for (;;) { xas_create(xas, true); if (xas_error(xas)) goto restore; if (xas->xa_index <= (index | XA_CHUNK_MASK)) goto success; xas->xa_index -= XA_CHUNK_SIZE; for (;;) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; xas->xa_node = xa_parent_locked(xas->xa, node); xas->xa_offset = node->offset - 1; if (node->offset != 0) break; } } restore: xas->xa_shift = shift; xas->xa_sibs = sibs; xas->xa_index = index; return; success: xas->xa_index = index; if (xas->xa_node) xas_set_offset(xas); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_create_range); static void update_node(struct xa_state *xas, struct xa_node *node, int count, int values) { if (!node || (!count && !values)) return; node->count += count; node->nr_values += values; XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, node->count > XA_CHUNK_SIZE); XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, node->nr_values > XA_CHUNK_SIZE); xas_update(xas, node); if (count < 0) xas_delete_node(xas); } /** * xas_store() - Store this entry in the XArray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @entry: New entry. * * If @xas is operating on a multi-index entry, the entry returned by this * function is essentially meaningless (it may be an internal entry or it * may be %NULL, even if there are non-NULL entries at some of the indices * covered by the range). This is not a problem for any current users, * and can be changed if needed. * * Return: The old entry at this index. */ void *xas_store(struct xa_state *xas, void *entry) { struct xa_node *node; void __rcu **slot = &xas->xa->xa_head; unsigned int offset, max; int count = 0; int values = 0; void *first, *next; bool value = xa_is_value(entry); if (entry) { bool allow_root = !xa_is_node(entry) && !xa_is_zero(entry); first = xas_create(xas, allow_root); } else { first = xas_load(xas); } if (xas_invalid(xas)) return first; node = xas->xa_node; if (node && (xas->xa_shift < node->shift)) xas->xa_sibs = 0; if ((first == entry) && !xas->xa_sibs) return first; next = first; offset = xas->xa_offset; max = xas->xa_offset + xas->xa_sibs; if (node) { slot = &node->slots[offset]; if (xas->xa_sibs) xas_squash_marks(xas); } if (!entry) xas_init_marks(xas); for (;;) { /* * Must clear the marks before setting the entry to NULL, * otherwise xas_for_each_marked may find a NULL entry and * stop early. rcu_assign_pointer contains a release barrier * so the mark clearing will appear to happen before the * entry is set to NULL. */ rcu_assign_pointer(*slot, entry); if (xa_is_node(next) && (!node || node->shift)) xas_free_nodes(xas, xa_to_node(next)); if (!node) break; count += !next - !entry; values += !xa_is_value(first) - !value; if (entry) { if (offset == max) break; if (!xa_is_sibling(entry)) entry = xa_mk_sibling(xas->xa_offset); } else { if (offset == XA_CHUNK_MASK) break; } next = xa_entry_locked(xas->xa, node, ++offset); if (!xa_is_sibling(next)) { if (!entry && (offset > max)) break; first = next; } slot++; } update_node(xas, node, count, values); return first; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_store); /** * xas_get_mark() - Returns the state of this mark. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @mark: Mark number. * * Return: true if the mark is set, false if the mark is clear or @xas * is in an error state. */ bool xas_get_mark(const struct xa_state *xas, xa_mark_t mark) { if (xas_invalid(xas)) return false; if (!xas->xa_node) return xa_marked(xas->xa, mark); return node_get_mark(xas->xa_node, xas->xa_offset, mark); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_get_mark); /** * xas_set_mark() - Sets the mark on this entry and its parents. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @mark: Mark number. * * Sets the specified mark on this entry, and walks up the tree setting it * on all the ancestor entries. Does nothing if @xas has not been walked to * an entry, or is in an error state. */ void xas_set_mark(const struct xa_state *xas, xa_mark_t mark) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; unsigned int offset = xas->xa_offset; if (xas_invalid(xas)) return; while (node) { if (node_set_mark(node, offset, mark)) return; offset = node->offset; node = xa_parent_locked(xas->xa, node); } if (!xa_marked(xas->xa, mark)) xa_mark_set(xas->xa, mark); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_set_mark); /** * xas_clear_mark() - Clears the mark on this entry and its parents. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @mark: Mark number. * * Clears the specified mark on this entry, and walks back to the head * attempting to clear it on all the ancestor entries. Does nothing if * @xas has not been walked to an entry, or is in an error state. */ void xas_clear_mark(const struct xa_state *xas, xa_mark_t mark) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; unsigned int offset = xas->xa_offset; if (xas_invalid(xas)) return; while (node) { if (!node_clear_mark(node, offset, mark)) return; if (node_any_mark(node, mark)) return; offset = node->offset; node = xa_parent_locked(xas->xa, node); } if (xa_marked(xas->xa, mark)) xa_mark_clear(xas->xa, mark); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_clear_mark); /** * xas_init_marks() - Initialise all marks for the entry * @xas: Array operations state. * * Initialise all marks for the entry specified by @xas. If we're tracking * free entries with a mark, we need to set it on all entries. All other * marks are cleared. * * This implementation is not as efficient as it could be; we may walk * up the tree multiple times. */ void xas_init_marks(const struct xa_state *xas) { xa_mark_t mark = 0; for (;;) { if (xa_track_free(xas->xa) && mark == XA_FREE_MARK) xas_set_mark(xas, mark); else xas_clear_mark(xas, mark); if (mark == XA_MARK_MAX) break; mark_inc(mark); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_init_marks); #ifdef CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI static unsigned int node_get_marks(struct xa_node *node, unsigned int offset) { unsigned int marks = 0; xa_mark_t mark = XA_MARK_0; for (;;) { if (node_get_mark(node, offset, mark)) marks |= 1 << (__force unsigned int)mark; if (mark == XA_MARK_MAX) break; mark_inc(mark); } return marks; } static void node_set_marks(struct xa_node *node, unsigned int offset, struct xa_node *child, unsigned int marks) { xa_mark_t mark = XA_MARK_0; for (;;) { if (marks & (1 << (__force unsigned int)mark)) { node_set_mark(node, offset, mark); if (child) node_mark_all(child, mark); } if (mark == XA_MARK_MAX) break; mark_inc(mark); } } /** * xas_split_alloc() - Allocate memory for splitting an entry. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @entry: New entry which will be stored in the array. * @order: New entry order. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * This function should be called before calling xas_split(). * If necessary, it will allocate new nodes (and fill them with @entry) * to prepare for the upcoming split of an entry of @order size into * entries of the order stored in the @xas. * * Context: May sleep if @gfp flags permit. */ void xas_split_alloc(struct xa_state *xas, void *entry, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp) { unsigned int sibs = (1 << (order % XA_CHUNK_SHIFT)) - 1; unsigned int mask = xas->xa_sibs; /* XXX: no support for splitting really large entries yet */ if (WARN_ON(xas->xa_shift + 2 * XA_CHUNK_SHIFT < order)) goto nomem; if (xas->xa_shift + XA_CHUNK_SHIFT > order) return; do { unsigned int i; void *sibling = NULL; struct xa_node *node; node = kmem_cache_alloc(radix_tree_node_cachep, gfp); if (!node) goto nomem; node->array = xas->xa; for (i = 0; i < XA_CHUNK_SIZE; i++) { if ((i & mask) == 0) { RCU_INIT_POINTER(node->slots[i], entry); sibling = xa_mk_sibling(i); } else { RCU_INIT_POINTER(node->slots[i], sibling); } } RCU_INIT_POINTER(node->parent, xas->xa_alloc); xas->xa_alloc = node; } while (sibs-- > 0); return; nomem: xas_destroy(xas); xas_set_err(xas, -ENOMEM); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_split_alloc); /** * xas_split() - Split a multi-index entry into smaller entries. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @entry: New entry to store in the array. * @order: New entry order. * * The value in the entry is copied to all the replacement entries. * * Context: Any context. The caller should hold the xa_lock. */ void xas_split(struct xa_state *xas, void *entry, unsigned int order) { unsigned int sibs = (1 << (order % XA_CHUNK_SHIFT)) - 1; unsigned int offset, marks; struct xa_node *node; void *curr = xas_load(xas); int values = 0; node = xas->xa_node; if (xas_top(node)) return; marks = node_get_marks(node, xas->xa_offset); offset = xas->xa_offset + sibs; do { if (xas->xa_shift < node->shift) { struct xa_node *child = xas->xa_alloc; xas->xa_alloc = rcu_dereference_raw(child->parent); child->shift = node->shift - XA_CHUNK_SHIFT; child->offset = offset; child->count = XA_CHUNK_SIZE; child->nr_values = xa_is_value(entry) ? XA_CHUNK_SIZE : 0; RCU_INIT_POINTER(child->parent, node); node_set_marks(node, offset, child, marks); rcu_assign_pointer(node->slots[offset], xa_mk_node(child)); if (xa_is_value(curr)) values--; } else { unsigned int canon = offset - xas->xa_sibs; node_set_marks(node, canon, NULL, marks); rcu_assign_pointer(node->slots[canon], entry); while (offset > canon) rcu_assign_pointer(node->slots[offset--], xa_mk_sibling(canon)); values += (xa_is_value(entry) - xa_is_value(curr)) * (xas->xa_sibs + 1); } } while (offset-- > xas->xa_offset); node->nr_values += values; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_split); #endif /** * xas_pause() - Pause a walk to drop a lock. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Some users need to pause a walk and drop the lock they're holding in * order to yield to a higher priority thread or carry out an operation * on an entry. Those users should call this function before they drop * the lock. It resets the @xas to be suitable for the next iteration * of the loop after the user has reacquired the lock. If most entries * found during a walk require you to call xas_pause(), the xa_for_each() * iterator may be more appropriate. * * Note that xas_pause() only works for forward iteration. If a user needs * to pause a reverse iteration, we will need a xas_pause_rev(). */ void xas_pause(struct xa_state *xas) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; if (xas_invalid(xas)) return; xas->xa_node = XAS_RESTART; if (node) { unsigned long offset = xas->xa_offset; while (++offset < XA_CHUNK_SIZE) { if (!xa_is_sibling(xa_entry(xas->xa, node, offset))) break; } xas->xa_index += (offset - xas->xa_offset) << node->shift; if (xas->xa_index == 0) xas->xa_node = XAS_BOUNDS; } else { xas->xa_index++; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_pause); /* * __xas_prev() - Find the previous entry in the XArray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Helper function for xas_prev() which handles all the complex cases * out of line. */ void *__xas_prev(struct xa_state *xas) { void *entry; if (!xas_frozen(xas->xa_node)) xas->xa_index--; if (!xas->xa_node) return set_bounds(xas); if (xas_not_node(xas->xa_node)) return xas_load(xas); if (xas->xa_offset != get_offset(xas->xa_index, xas->xa_node)) xas->xa_offset--; while (xas->xa_offset == 255) { xas->xa_offset = xas->xa_node->offset - 1; xas->xa_node = xa_parent(xas->xa, xas->xa_node); if (!xas->xa_node) return set_bounds(xas); } for (;;) { entry = xa_entry(xas->xa, xas->xa_node, xas->xa_offset); if (!xa_is_node(entry)) return entry; xas->xa_node = xa_to_node(entry); xas_set_offset(xas); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__xas_prev); /* * __xas_next() - Find the next entry in the XArray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Helper function for xas_next() which handles all the complex cases * out of line. */ void *__xas_next(struct xa_state *xas) { void *entry; if (!xas_frozen(xas->xa_node)) xas->xa_index++; if (!xas->xa_node) return set_bounds(xas); if (xas_not_node(xas->xa_node)) return xas_load(xas); if (xas->xa_offset != get_offset(xas->xa_index, xas->xa_node)) xas->xa_offset++; while (xas->xa_offset == XA_CHUNK_SIZE) { xas->xa_offset = xas->xa_node->offset + 1; xas->xa_node = xa_parent(xas->xa, xas->xa_node); if (!xas->xa_node) return set_bounds(xas); } for (;;) { entry = xa_entry(xas->xa, xas->xa_node, xas->xa_offset); if (!xa_is_node(entry)) return entry; xas->xa_node = xa_to_node(entry); xas_set_offset(xas); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__xas_next); /** * xas_find() - Find the next present entry in the XArray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @max: Highest index to return. * * If the @xas has not yet been walked to an entry, return the entry * which has an index >= xas.xa_index. If it has been walked, the entry * currently being pointed at has been processed, and so we move to the * next entry. * * If no entry is found and the array is smaller than @max, the iterator * is set to the smallest index not yet in the array. This allows @xas * to be immediately passed to xas_store(). * * Return: The entry, if found, otherwise %NULL. */ void *xas_find(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned long max) { void *entry; if (xas_error(xas) || xas->xa_node == XAS_BOUNDS) return NULL; if (xas->xa_index > max) return set_bounds(xas); if (!xas->xa_node) { xas->xa_index = 1; return set_bounds(xas); } else if (xas->xa_node == XAS_RESTART) { entry = xas_load(xas); if (entry || xas_not_node(xas->xa_node)) return entry; } else if (!xas->xa_node->shift && xas->xa_offset != (xas->xa_index & XA_CHUNK_MASK)) { xas->xa_offset = ((xas->xa_index - 1) & XA_CHUNK_MASK) + 1; } xas_advance(xas); while (xas->xa_node && (xas->xa_index <= max)) { if (unlikely(xas->xa_offset == XA_CHUNK_SIZE)) { xas->xa_offset = xas->xa_node->offset + 1; xas->xa_node = xa_parent(xas->xa, xas->xa_node); continue; } entry = xa_entry(xas->xa, xas->xa_node, xas->xa_offset); if (xa_is_node(entry)) { xas->xa_node = xa_to_node(entry); xas->xa_offset = 0; continue; } if (entry && !xa_is_sibling(entry)) return entry; xas_advance(xas); } if (!xas->xa_node) xas->xa_node = XAS_BOUNDS; return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_find); /** * xas_find_marked() - Find the next marked entry in the XArray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @max: Highest index to return. * @mark: Mark number to search for. * * If the @xas has not yet been walked to an entry, return the marked entry * which has an index >= xas.xa_index. If it has been walked, the entry * currently being pointed at has been processed, and so we return the * first marked entry with an index > xas.xa_index. * * If no marked entry is found and the array is smaller than @max, @xas is * set to the bounds state and xas->xa_index is set to the smallest index * not yet in the array. This allows @xas to be immediately passed to * xas_store(). * * If no entry is found before @max is reached, @xas is set to the restart * state. * * Return: The entry, if found, otherwise %NULL. */ void *xas_find_marked(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned long max, xa_mark_t mark) { bool advance = true; unsigned int offset; void *entry; if (xas_error(xas)) return NULL; if (xas->xa_index > max) goto max; if (!xas->xa_node) { xas->xa_index = 1; goto out; } else if (xas_top(xas->xa_node)) { advance = false; entry = xa_head(xas->xa); xas->xa_node = NULL; if (xas->xa_index > max_index(entry)) goto out; if (!xa_is_node(entry)) { if (xa_marked(xas->xa, mark)) return entry; xas->xa_index = 1; goto out; } xas->xa_node = xa_to_node(entry); xas->xa_offset = xas->xa_index >> xas->xa_node->shift; } while (xas->xa_index <= max) { if (unlikely(xas->xa_offset == XA_CHUNK_SIZE)) { xas->xa_offset = xas->xa_node->offset + 1; xas->xa_node = xa_parent(xas->xa, xas->xa_node); if (!xas->xa_node) break; advance = false; continue; } if (!advance) { entry = xa_entry(xas->xa, xas->xa_node, xas->xa_offset); if (xa_is_sibling(entry)) { xas->xa_offset = xa_to_sibling(entry); xas_move_index(xas, xas->xa_offset); } } offset = xas_find_chunk(xas, advance, mark); if (offset > xas->xa_offset) { advance = false; xas_move_index(xas, offset); /* Mind the wrap */ if ((xas->xa_index - 1) >= max) goto max; xas->xa_offset = offset; if (offset == XA_CHUNK_SIZE) continue; } entry = xa_entry(xas->xa, xas->xa_node, xas->xa_offset); if (!entry && !(xa_track_free(xas->xa) && mark == XA_FREE_MARK)) continue; if (!xa_is_node(entry)) return entry; xas->xa_node = xa_to_node(entry); xas_set_offset(xas); } out: if (xas->xa_index > max) goto max; return set_bounds(xas); max: xas->xa_node = XAS_RESTART; return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_find_marked); /** * xas_find_conflict() - Find the next present entry in a range. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * The @xas describes both a range and a position within that range. * * Context: Any context. Expects xa_lock to be held. * Return: The next entry in the range covered by @xas or %NULL. */ void *xas_find_conflict(struct xa_state *xas) { void *curr; if (xas_error(xas)) return NULL; if (!xas->xa_node) return NULL; if (xas_top(xas->xa_node)) { curr = xas_start(xas); if (!curr) return NULL; while (xa_is_node(curr)) { struct xa_node *node = xa_to_node(curr); curr = xas_descend(xas, node); } if (curr) return curr; } if (xas->xa_node->shift > xas->xa_shift) return NULL; for (;;) { if (xas->xa_node->shift == xas->xa_shift) { if ((xas->xa_offset & xas->xa_sibs) == xas->xa_sibs) break; } else if (xas->xa_offset == XA_CHUNK_MASK) { xas->xa_offset = xas->xa_node->offset; xas->xa_node = xa_parent_locked(xas->xa, xas->xa_node); if (!xas->xa_node) break; continue; } curr = xa_entry_locked(xas->xa, xas->xa_node, ++xas->xa_offset); if (xa_is_sibling(curr)) continue; while (xa_is_node(curr)) { xas->xa_node = xa_to_node(curr); xas->xa_offset = 0; curr = xa_entry_locked(xas->xa, xas->xa_node, 0); } if (curr) return curr; } xas->xa_offset -= xas->xa_sibs; return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_find_conflict); /** * xa_load() - Load an entry from an XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: index into array. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. * Return: The entry at @index in @xa. */ void *xa_load(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index) { XA_STATE(xas, xa, index); void *entry; rcu_read_lock(); do { entry = xas_load(&xas); if (xa_is_zero(entry)) entry = NULL; } while (xas_retry(&xas, entry)); rcu_read_unlock(); return entry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(xa_load); static void *xas_result(struct xa_state *xas, void *curr) { if (xa_is_zero(curr)) return NULL; if (xas_error(xas)) curr = xas->xa_node; return curr; } /** * __xa_erase() - Erase this entry from the XArray while locked. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * * After this function returns, loading from @index will return %NULL. * If the index is part of a multi-index entry, all indices will be erased * and none of the entries will be part of a multi-index entry. * * Context: Any context. Expects xa_lock to be held on entry. * Return: The entry which used to be at this index. */ void *__xa_erase(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index) { XA_STATE(xas, xa, index); return xas_result(&xas, xas_store(&xas, NULL)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__xa_erase); /** * xa_erase() - Erase this entry from the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of entry. * * After this function returns, loading from @index will return %NULL. * If the index is part of a multi-index entry, all indices will be erased * and none of the entries will be part of a multi-index entry. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. * Return: The entry which used to be at this index. */ void *xa_erase(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index) { void *entry; xa_lock(xa); entry = __xa_erase(xa, index); xa_unlock(xa); return entry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(xa_erase); /** * __xa_store() - Store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * You must already be holding the xa_lock when calling this function. * It will drop the lock if needed to allocate memory, and then reacquire * it afterwards. * * Context: Any context. Expects xa_lock to be held on entry. May * release and reacquire xa_lock if @gfp flags permit. * Return: The old entry at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ void *__xa_store(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { XA_STATE(xas, xa, index); void *curr; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(xa_is_advanced(entry))) return XA_ERROR(-EINVAL); if (xa_track_free(xa) && !entry) entry = XA_ZERO_ENTRY; do { curr = xas_store(&xas, entry); if (xa_track_free(xa)) xas_clear_mark(&xas, XA_FREE_MARK); } while (__xas_nomem(&xas, gfp)); return xas_result(&xas, curr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__xa_store); /** * xa_store() - Store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * After this function returns, loads from this index will return @entry. * Storing into an existing multi-index entry updates the entry of every index. * The marks associated with @index are unaffected unless @entry is %NULL. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. * May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: The old entry at this index on success, xa_err(-EINVAL) if @entry * cannot be stored in an XArray, or xa_err(-ENOMEM) if memory allocation * failed. */ void *xa_store(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { void *curr; xa_lock(xa); curr = __xa_store(xa, index, entry, gfp); xa_unlock(xa); return curr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(xa_store); /** * __xa_cmpxchg() - Store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @old: Old value to test against. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * You must already be holding the xa_lock when calling this function. * It will drop the lock if needed to allocate memory, and then reacquire * it afterwards. * * Context: Any context. Expects xa_lock to be held on entry. May * release and reacquire xa_lock if @gfp flags permit. * Return: The old entry at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ void *__xa_cmpxchg(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *old, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { XA_STATE(xas, xa, index); void *curr; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(xa_is_advanced(entry))) return XA_ERROR(-EINVAL); do { curr = xas_load(&xas); if (curr == old) { xas_store(&xas, entry); if (xa_track_free(xa) && entry && !curr) xas_clear_mark(&xas, XA_FREE_MARK); } } while (__xas_nomem(&xas, gfp)); return xas_result(&xas, curr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__xa_cmpxchg); /** * __xa_insert() - Store this entry in the XArray if no entry is present. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Inserting a NULL entry will store a reserved entry (like xa_reserve()) * if no entry is present. Inserting will fail if a reserved entry is * present, even though loading from this index will return NULL. * * Context: Any context. Expects xa_lock to be held on entry. May * release and reacquire xa_lock if @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the store succeeded. -EBUSY if another entry was present. * -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated. */ int __xa_insert(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { XA_STATE(xas, xa, index); void *curr; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(xa_is_advanced(entry))) return -EINVAL; if (!entry) entry = XA_ZERO_ENTRY; do { curr = xas_load(&xas); if (!curr) { xas_store(&xas, entry); if (xa_track_free(xa)) xas_clear_mark(&xas, XA_FREE_MARK); } else { xas_set_err(&xas, -EBUSY); } } while (__xas_nomem(&xas, gfp)); return xas_error(&xas); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__xa_insert); #ifdef CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI static void xas_set_range(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned long first, unsigned long last) { unsigned int shift = 0; unsigned long sibs = last - first; unsigned int offset = XA_CHUNK_MASK; xas_set(xas, first); while ((first & XA_CHUNK_MASK) == 0) { if (sibs < XA_CHUNK_MASK) break; if ((sibs == XA_CHUNK_MASK) && (offset < XA_CHUNK_MASK)) break; shift += XA_CHUNK_SHIFT; if (offset == XA_CHUNK_MASK) offset = sibs & XA_CHUNK_MASK; sibs >>= XA_CHUNK_SHIFT; first >>= XA_CHUNK_SHIFT; } offset = first & XA_CHUNK_MASK; if (offset + sibs > XA_CHUNK_MASK) sibs = XA_CHUNK_MASK - offset; if ((((first + sibs + 1) << shift) - 1) > last) sibs -= 1; xas->xa_shift = shift; xas->xa_sibs = sibs; } /** * xa_store_range() - Store this entry at a range of indices in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @first: First index to affect. * @last: Last index to affect. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * After this function returns, loads from any index between @first and @last, * inclusive will return @entry. * Storing into an existing multi-index entry updates the entry of every index. * The marks associated with @index are unaffected unless @entry is %NULL. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. May sleep * if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: %NULL on success, xa_err(-EINVAL) if @entry cannot be stored in * an XArray, or xa_err(-ENOMEM) if memory allocation failed. */ void *xa_store_range(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long first, unsigned long last, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { XA_STATE(xas, xa, 0); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(xa_is_internal(entry))) return XA_ERROR(-EINVAL); if (last < first) return XA_ERROR(-EINVAL); do { xas_lock(&xas); if (entry) { unsigned int order = BITS_PER_LONG; if (last + 1) order = __ffs(last + 1); xas_set_order(&xas, last, order); xas_create(&xas, true); if (xas_error(&xas)) goto unlock; } do { xas_set_range(&xas, first, last); xas_store(&xas, entry); if (xas_error(&xas)) goto unlock; first += xas_size(&xas); } while (first <= last); unlock: xas_unlock(&xas); } while (xas_nomem(&xas, gfp)); return xas_result(&xas, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(xa_store_range); /** * xa_get_order() - Get the order of an entry. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of the entry. * * Return: A number between 0 and 63 indicating the order of the entry. */ int xa_get_order(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index) { XA_STATE(xas, xa, index); void *entry; int order = 0; rcu_read_lock(); entry = xas_load(&xas); if (!entry) goto unlock; if (!xas.xa_node) goto unlock; for (;;) { unsigned int slot = xas.xa_offset + (1 << order); if (slot >= XA_CHUNK_SIZE) break; if (!xa_is_sibling(xas.xa_node->slots[slot])) break; order++; } order += xas.xa_node->shift; unlock: rcu_read_unlock(); return order; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(xa_get_order); #endif /* CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI */ /** * __xa_alloc() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @limit: Range for allocated ID. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * * Context: Any context. Expects xa_lock to be held on entry. May * release and reacquire xa_lock if @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 on success, -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated or * -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ int __xa_alloc(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, gfp_t gfp) { XA_STATE(xas, xa, 0); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(xa_is_advanced(entry))) return -EINVAL; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!xa_track_free(xa))) return -EINVAL; if (!entry) entry = XA_ZERO_ENTRY; do { xas.xa_index = limit.min; xas_find_marked(&xas, limit.max, XA_FREE_MARK); if (xas.xa_node == XAS_RESTART) xas_set_err(&xas, -EBUSY); else *id = xas.xa_index; xas_store(&xas, entry); xas_clear_mark(&xas, XA_FREE_MARK); } while (__xas_nomem(&xas, gfp)); return xas_error(&xas); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__xa_alloc); /** * __xa_alloc_cyclic() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of allocated ID. * @next: Pointer to next ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * The search for an empty entry will start at @next and will wrap * around if necessary. * * Context: Any context. Expects xa_lock to be held on entry. May * release and reacquire xa_lock if @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the allocation succeeded without wrapping. 1 if the * allocation succeeded after wrapping, -ENOMEM if memory could not be * allocated or -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ int __xa_alloc_cyclic(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, u32 *next, gfp_t gfp) { u32 min = limit.min; int ret; limit.min = max(min, *next); ret = __xa_alloc(xa, id, entry, limit, gfp); if ((xa->xa_flags & XA_FLAGS_ALLOC_WRAPPED) && ret == 0) { xa->xa_flags &= ~XA_FLAGS_ALLOC_WRAPPED; ret = 1; } if (ret < 0 && limit.min > min) { limit.min = min; ret = __xa_alloc(xa, id, entry, limit, gfp); if (ret == 0) ret = 1; } if (ret >= 0) { *next = *id + 1; if (*next == 0) xa->xa_flags |= XA_FLAGS_ALLOC_WRAPPED; } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__xa_alloc_cyclic); /** * __xa_set_mark() - Set this mark on this entry while locked. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of entry. * @mark: Mark number. * * Attempting to set a mark on a %NULL entry does not succeed. * * Context: Any context. Expects xa_lock to be held on entry. */ void __xa_set_mark(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t mark) { XA_STATE(xas, xa, index); void *entry = xas_load(&xas); if (entry) xas_set_mark(&xas, mark); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__xa_set_mark); /** * __xa_clear_mark() - Clear this mark on this entry while locked. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of entry. * @mark: Mark number. * * Context: Any context. Expects xa_lock to be held on entry. */ void __xa_clear_mark(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t mark) { XA_STATE(xas, xa, index); void *entry = xas_load(&xas); if (entry) xas_clear_mark(&xas, mark); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__xa_clear_mark); /** * xa_get_mark() - Inquire whether this mark is set on this entry. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of entry. * @mark: Mark number. * * This function uses the RCU read lock, so the result may be out of date * by the time it returns. If you need the result to be stable, use a lock. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. * Return: True if the entry at @index has this mark set, false if it doesn't. */ bool xa_get_mark(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t mark) { XA_STATE(xas, xa, index); void *entry; rcu_read_lock(); entry = xas_start(&xas); while (xas_get_mark(&xas, mark)) { if (!xa_is_node(entry)) goto found; entry = xas_descend(&xas, xa_to_node(entry)); } rcu_read_unlock(); return false; found: rcu_read_unlock(); return true; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(xa_get_mark); /** * xa_set_mark() - Set this mark on this entry. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of entry. * @mark: Mark number. * * Attempting to set a mark on a %NULL entry does not succeed. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. */ void xa_set_mark(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t mark) { xa_lock(xa); __xa_set_mark(xa, index, mark); xa_unlock(xa); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(xa_set_mark); /** * xa_clear_mark() - Clear this mark on this entry. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of entry. * @mark: Mark number. * * Clearing a mark always succeeds. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. */ void xa_clear_mark(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t mark) { xa_lock(xa); __xa_clear_mark(xa, index, mark); xa_unlock(xa); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(xa_clear_mark); /** * xa_find() - Search the XArray for an entry. * @xa: XArray. * @indexp: Pointer to an index. * @max: Maximum index to search to. * @filter: Selection criterion. * * Finds the entry in @xa which matches the @filter, and has the lowest * index that is at least @indexp and no more than @max. * If an entry is found, @indexp is updated to be the index of the entry. * This function is protected by the RCU read lock, so it may not find * entries which are being simultaneously added. It will not return an * %XA_RETRY_ENTRY; if you need to see retry entries, use xas_find(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. * Return: The entry, if found, otherwise %NULL. */ void *xa_find(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long *indexp, unsigned long max, xa_mark_t filter) { XA_STATE(xas, xa, *indexp); void *entry; rcu_read_lock(); do { if ((__force unsigned int)filter < XA_MAX_MARKS) entry = xas_find_marked(&xas, max, filter); else entry = xas_find(&xas, max); } while (xas_retry(&xas, entry)); rcu_read_unlock(); if (entry) *indexp = xas.xa_index; return entry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(xa_find); static bool xas_sibling(struct xa_state *xas) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; unsigned long mask; if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI) || !node) return false; mask = (XA_CHUNK_SIZE << node->shift) - 1; return (xas->xa_index & mask) > ((unsigned long)xas->xa_offset << node->shift); } /** * xa_find_after() - Search the XArray for a present entry. * @xa: XArray. * @indexp: Pointer to an index. * @max: Maximum index to search to. * @filter: Selection criterion. * * Finds the entry in @xa which matches the @filter and has the lowest * index that is above @indexp and no more than @max. * If an entry is found, @indexp is updated to be the index of the entry. * This function is protected by the RCU read lock, so it may miss entries * which are being simultaneously added. It will not return an * %XA_RETRY_ENTRY; if you need to see retry entries, use xas_find(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. * Return: The pointer, if found, otherwise %NULL. */ void *xa_find_after(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long *indexp, unsigned long max, xa_mark_t filter) { XA_STATE(xas, xa, *indexp + 1); void *entry; if (xas.xa_index == 0) return NULL; rcu_read_lock(); for (;;) { if ((__force unsigned int)filter < XA_MAX_MARKS) entry = xas_find_marked(&xas, max, filter); else entry = xas_find(&xas, max); if (xas_invalid(&xas)) break; if (xas_sibling(&xas)) continue; if (!xas_retry(&xas, entry)) break; } rcu_read_unlock(); if (entry) *indexp = xas.xa_index; return entry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(xa_find_after); static unsigned int xas_extract_present(struct xa_state *xas, void **dst, unsigned long max, unsigned int n) { void *entry; unsigned int i = 0; rcu_read_lock(); xas_for_each(xas, entry, max) { if (xas_retry(xas, entry)) continue; dst[i++] = entry; if (i == n) break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return i; } static unsigned int xas_extract_marked(struct xa_state *xas, void **dst, unsigned long max, unsigned int n, xa_mark_t mark) { void *entry; unsigned int i = 0; rcu_read_lock(); xas_for_each_marked(xas, entry, max, mark) { if (xas_retry(xas, entry)) continue; dst[i++] = entry; if (i == n) break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return i; } /** * xa_extract() - Copy selected entries from the XArray into a normal array. * @xa: The source XArray to copy from. * @dst: The buffer to copy entries into. * @start: The first index in the XArray eligible to be selected. * @max: The last index in the XArray eligible to be selected. * @n: The maximum number of entries to copy. * @filter: Selection criterion. * * Copies up to @n entries that match @filter from the XArray. The * copied entries will have indices between @start and @max, inclusive. * * The @filter may be an XArray mark value, in which case entries which are * marked with that mark will be copied. It may also be %XA_PRESENT, in * which case all entries which are not %NULL will be copied. * * The entries returned may not represent a snapshot of the XArray at a * moment in time. For example, if another thread stores to index 5, then * index 10, calling xa_extract() may return the old contents of index 5 * and the new contents of index 10. Indices not modified while this * function is running will not be skipped. * * If you need stronger guarantees, holding the xa_lock across calls to this * function will prevent concurrent modification. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. * Return: The number of entries copied. */ unsigned int xa_extract(struct xarray *xa, void **dst, unsigned long start, unsigned long max, unsigned int n, xa_mark_t filter) { XA_STATE(xas, xa, start); if (!n) return 0; if ((__force unsigned int)filter < XA_MAX_MARKS) return xas_extract_marked(&xas, dst, max, n, filter); return xas_extract_present(&xas, dst, max, n); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(xa_extract); /** * xa_delete_node() - Private interface for workingset code. * @node: Node to be removed from the tree. * @update: Function to call to update ancestor nodes. * * Context: xa_lock must be held on entry and will not be released. */ void xa_delete_node(struct xa_node *node, xa_update_node_t update) { struct xa_state xas = { .xa = node->array, .xa_index = (unsigned long)node->offset << (node->shift + XA_CHUNK_SHIFT), .xa_shift = node->shift + XA_CHUNK_SHIFT, .xa_offset = node->offset, .xa_node = xa_parent_locked(node->array, node), .xa_update = update, }; xas_store(&xas, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xa_delete_node); /* For the benefit of the test suite */ /** * xa_destroy() - Free all internal data structures. * @xa: XArray. * * After calling this function, the XArray is empty and has freed all memory * allocated for its internal data structures. You are responsible for * freeing the objects referenced by the XArray. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock, interrupt-safe. */ void xa_destroy(struct xarray *xa) { XA_STATE(xas, xa, 0); unsigned long flags; void *entry; xas.xa_node = NULL; xas_lock_irqsave(&xas, flags); entry = xa_head_locked(xa); RCU_INIT_POINTER(xa->xa_head, NULL); xas_init_marks(&xas); if (xa_zero_busy(xa)) xa_mark_clear(xa, XA_FREE_MARK); /* lockdep checks we're still holding the lock in xas_free_nodes() */ if (xa_is_node(entry)) xas_free_nodes(&xas, xa_to_node(entry)); xas_unlock_irqrestore(&xas, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(xa_destroy); #ifdef XA_DEBUG void xa_dump_node(const struct xa_node *node) { unsigned i, j; if (!node) return; if ((unsigned long)node & 3) { pr_cont("node %px\n", node); return; } pr_cont("node %px %s %d parent %px shift %d count %d values %d " "array %px list %px %px marks", node, node->parent ? "offset" : "max", node->offset, node->parent, node->shift, node->count, node->nr_values, node->array, node->private_list.prev, node->private_list.next); for (i = 0; i < XA_MAX_MARKS; i++) for (j = 0; j < XA_MARK_LONGS; j++) pr_cont(" %lx", node->marks[i][j]); pr_cont("\n"); } void xa_dump_index(unsigned long index, unsigned int shift) { if (!shift) pr_info("%lu: ", index); else if (shift >= BITS_PER_LONG) pr_info("0-%lu: ", ~0UL); else pr_info("%lu-%lu: ", index, index | ((1UL << shift) - 1)); } void xa_dump_entry(const void *entry, unsigned long index, unsigned long shift) { if (!entry) return; xa_dump_index(index, shift); if (xa_is_node(entry)) { if (shift == 0) { pr_cont("%px\n", entry); } else { unsigned long i; struct xa_node *node = xa_to_node(entry); xa_dump_node(node); for (i = 0; i < XA_CHUNK_SIZE; i++) xa_dump_entry(node->slots[i], index + (i << node->shift), node->shift); } } else if (xa_is_value(entry)) pr_cont("value %ld (0x%lx) [%px]\n", xa_to_value(entry), xa_to_value(entry), entry); else if (!xa_is_internal(entry)) pr_cont("%px\n", entry); else if (xa_is_retry(entry)) pr_cont("retry (%ld)\n", xa_to_internal(entry)); else if (xa_is_sibling(entry)) pr_cont("sibling (slot %ld)\n", xa_to_sibling(entry)); else if (xa_is_zero(entry)) pr_cont("zero (%ld)\n", xa_to_internal(entry)); else pr_cont("UNKNOWN ENTRY (%px)\n", entry); } void xa_dump(const struct xarray *xa) { void *entry = xa->xa_head; unsigned int shift = 0; pr_info("xarray: %px head %px flags %x marks %d %d %d\n", xa, entry, xa->xa_flags, xa_marked(xa, XA_MARK_0), xa_marked(xa, XA_MARK_1), xa_marked(xa, XA_MARK_2)); if (xa_is_node(entry)) shift = xa_to_node(entry)->shift + XA_CHUNK_SHIFT; xa_dump_entry(entry, 0, shift); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the UDP module. * * Version: @(#)udp.h 1.0.2 05/07/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> * * Fixes: * Alan Cox : Turned on udp checksums. I don't want to * chase 'memory corruption' bugs that aren't! */ #ifndef _UDP_H #define _UDP_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> /** * struct udp_skb_cb - UDP(-Lite) private variables * * @header: private variables used by IPv4/IPv6 * @cscov: checksum coverage length (UDP-Lite only) * @partial_cov: if set indicates partial csum coverage */ struct udp_skb_cb { union { struct inet_skb_parm h4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct inet6_skb_parm h6; #endif } header; __u16 cscov; __u8 partial_cov; }; #define UDP_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct udp_skb_cb *)((__skb)->cb)) /** * struct udp_hslot - UDP hash slot * * @head: head of list of sockets * @count: number of sockets in 'head' list * @lock: spinlock protecting changes to head/count */ struct udp_hslot { struct hlist_head head; int count; spinlock_t lock; } __attribute__((aligned(2 * sizeof(long)))); /** * struct udp_table - UDP table * * @hash: hash table, sockets are hashed on (local port) * @hash2: hash table, sockets are hashed on (local port, local address) * @mask: number of slots in hash tables, minus 1 * @log: log2(number of slots in hash table) */ struct udp_table { struct udp_hslot *hash; struct udp_hslot *hash2; unsigned int mask; unsigned int log; }; extern struct udp_table udp_table; void udp_table_init(struct udp_table *, const char *); static inline struct udp_hslot *udp_hashslot(struct udp_table *table, struct net *net, unsigned int num) { return &table->hash[udp_hashfn(net, num, table->mask)]; } /* * For secondary hash, net_hash_mix() is performed before calling * udp_hashslot2(), this explains difference with udp_hashslot() */ static inline struct udp_hslot *udp_hashslot2(struct udp_table *table, unsigned int hash) { return &table->hash2[hash & table->mask]; } extern struct proto udp_prot; extern atomic_long_t udp_memory_allocated; /* sysctl variables for udp */ extern long sysctl_udp_mem[3]; extern int sysctl_udp_rmem_min; extern int sysctl_udp_wmem_min; struct sk_buff; /* * Generic checksumming routines for UDP(-Lite) v4 and v6 */ static inline __sum16 __udp_lib_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov == skb->len ? __skb_checksum_complete(skb) : __skb_checksum_complete_head(skb, UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov)); } static inline int udp_lib_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) && __udp_lib_checksum_complete(skb); } /** * udp_csum_outgoing - compute UDPv4/v6 checksum over fragments * @sk: socket we are writing to * @skb: sk_buff containing the filled-in UDP header * (checksum field must be zeroed out) */ static inline __wsum udp_csum_outgoing(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { __wsum csum = csum_partial(skb_transport_header(skb), sizeof(struct udphdr), 0); skb_queue_walk(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb) { csum = csum_add(csum, skb->csum); } return csum; } static inline __wsum udp_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { __wsum csum = csum_partial(skb_transport_header(skb), sizeof(struct udphdr), skb->csum); for (skb = skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list; skb; skb = skb->next) { csum = csum_add(csum, skb->csum); } return csum; } static inline __sum16 udp_v4_check(int len, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __wsum base) { return csum_tcpudp_magic(saddr, daddr, len, IPPROTO_UDP, base); } void udp_set_csum(bool nocheck, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, int len); static inline void udp_csum_pull_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb->csum_valid && skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) skb->csum = csum_partial(skb->data, sizeof(struct udphdr), skb->csum); skb_pull_rcsum(skb, sizeof(struct udphdr)); UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov -= sizeof(struct udphdr); } typedef struct sock *(*udp_lookup_t)(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 sport, __be16 dport); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(struct sk_buff *udp4_gro_receive(struct list_head *, struct sk_buff *)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int udp4_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *, int)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(struct sk_buff *udp6_gro_receive(struct list_head *, struct sk_buff *)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int udp6_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *, int)); struct sk_buff *udp_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb, struct udphdr *uh, struct sock *sk); int udp_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhoff, udp_lookup_t lookup); struct sk_buff *__udp_gso_segment(struct sk_buff *gso_skb, netdev_features_t features, bool is_ipv6); static inline struct udphdr *udp_gro_udphdr(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct udphdr *uh; unsigned int hlen, off; off = skb_gro_offset(skb); hlen = off + sizeof(*uh); uh = skb_gro_header_fast(skb, off); if (skb_gro_header_hard(skb, hlen)) uh = skb_gro_header_slow(skb, hlen, off); return uh; } /* hash routines shared between UDPv4/6 and UDP-Litev4/6 */ static inline int udp_lib_hash(struct sock *sk) { BUG(); return 0; } void udp_lib_unhash(struct sock *sk); void udp_lib_rehash(struct sock *sk, u16 new_hash); static inline void udp_lib_close(struct sock *sk, long timeout) { sk_common_release(sk); } int udp_lib_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum, unsigned int hash2_nulladdr); u32 udp_flow_hashrnd(void); static inline __be16 udp_flow_src_port(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, int min, int max, bool use_eth) { u32 hash; if (min >= max) { /* Use default range */ inet_get_local_port_range(net, &min, &max); } hash = skb_get_hash(skb); if (unlikely(!hash)) { if (use_eth) { /* Can't find a normal hash, caller has indicated an * Ethernet packet so use that to compute a hash. */ hash = jhash(skb->data, 2 * ETH_ALEN, (__force u32) skb->protocol); } else { /* Can't derive any sort of hash for the packet, set * to some consistent random value. */ hash = udp_flow_hashrnd(); } } /* Since this is being sent on the wire obfuscate hash a bit * to minimize possbility that any useful information to an * attacker is leaked. Only upper 16 bits are relevant in the * computation for 16 bit port value. */ hash ^= hash << 16; return htons((((u64) hash * (max - min)) >> 32) + min); } static inline int udp_rqueue_get(struct sock *sk) { return sk_rmem_alloc_get(sk) - READ_ONCE(udp_sk(sk)->forward_deficit); } static inline bool udp_sk_bound_dev_eq(struct net *net, int bound_dev_if, int dif, int sdif) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) return inet_bound_dev_eq(!!net->ipv4.sysctl_udp_l3mdev_accept, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #else return inet_bound_dev_eq(true, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #endif } /* net/ipv4/udp.c */ void udp_destruct_sock(struct sock *sk); void skb_consume_udp(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int len); int __udp_enqueue_schedule_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void udp_skb_destructor(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *__skb_recv_udp(struct sock *sk, unsigned int flags, int noblock, int *off, int *err); static inline struct sk_buff *skb_recv_udp(struct sock *sk, unsigned int flags, int noblock, int *err) { int off = 0; return __skb_recv_udp(sk, flags, noblock, &off, err); } int udp_v4_early_demux(struct sk_buff *skb); bool udp_sk_rx_dst_set(struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst); int udp_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum, int (*saddr_cmp)(const struct sock *, const struct sock *)); int udp_err(struct sk_buff *, u32); int udp_abort(struct sock *sk, int err); int udp_sendmsg(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len); int udp_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); void udp_flush_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); int udp_cmsg_send(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, u16 *gso_size); void udp4_hwcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 src, __be32 dst); int udp_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); int udp_ioctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, unsigned long arg); int udp_init_sock(struct sock *sk); int udp_pre_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); int __udp_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags); int udp_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags); __poll_t udp_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, poll_table *wait); struct sk_buff *skb_udp_tunnel_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features, bool is_ipv6); int udp_lib_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); int udp_lib_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen, int (*push_pending_frames)(struct sock *)); struct sock *udp4_lib_lookup(struct net *net, __be32 saddr, __be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif); struct sock *__udp4_lib_lookup(struct net *net, __be32 saddr, __be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif, int sdif, struct udp_table *tbl, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *udp4_lib_lookup_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 sport, __be16 dport); struct sock *udp6_lib_lookup(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *saddr, __be16 sport, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __be16 dport, int dif); struct sock *__udp6_lib_lookup(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *saddr, __be16 sport, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __be16 dport, int dif, int sdif, struct udp_table *tbl, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *udp6_lib_lookup_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 sport, __be16 dport); /* UDP uses skb->dev_scratch to cache as much information as possible and avoid * possibly multiple cache miss on dequeue() */ struct udp_dev_scratch { /* skb->truesize and the stateless bit are embedded in a single field; * do not use a bitfield since the compiler emits better/smaller code * this way */ u32 _tsize_state; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* len and the bit needed to compute skb_csum_unnecessary * will be on cold cache lines at recvmsg time. * skb->len can be stored on 16 bits since the udp header has been * already validated and pulled. */ u16 len; bool is_linear; bool csum_unnecessary; #endif }; static inline struct udp_dev_scratch *udp_skb_scratch(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct udp_dev_scratch *)&skb->dev_scratch; } #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 static inline unsigned int udp_skb_len(struct sk_buff *skb) { return udp_skb_scratch(skb)->len; } static inline bool udp_skb_csum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { return udp_skb_scratch(skb)->csum_unnecessary; } static inline bool udp_skb_is_linear(struct sk_buff *skb) { return udp_skb_scratch(skb)->is_linear; } #else static inline unsigned int udp_skb_len(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->len; } static inline bool udp_skb_csum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_csum_unnecessary(skb); } static inline bool udp_skb_is_linear(struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb_is_nonlinear(skb); } #endif static inline int copy_linear_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int len, int off, struct iov_iter *to) { int n; n = copy_to_iter(skb->data + off, len, to); if (n == len) return 0; iov_iter_revert(to, n); return -EFAULT; } /* * SNMP statistics for UDP and UDP-Lite */ #define UDP_INC_STATS(net, field, is_udplite) do { \ if (is_udplite) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_statistics, field); \ else SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_statistics, field); } while(0) #define __UDP_INC_STATS(net, field, is_udplite) do { \ if (is_udplite) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_statistics, field); \ else __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_statistics, field); } while(0) #define __UDP6_INC_STATS(net, field, is_udplite) do { \ if (is_udplite) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_stats_in6, field);\ else __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_stats_in6, field); \ } while(0) #define UDP6_INC_STATS(net, field, __lite) do { \ if (__lite) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_stats_in6, field); \ else SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_stats_in6, field); \ } while(0) #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) #define __UDPX_MIB(sk, ipv4) \ ({ \ ipv4 ? (IS_UDPLITE(sk) ? sock_net(sk)->mib.udplite_statistics : \ sock_net(sk)->mib.udp_statistics) : \ (IS_UDPLITE(sk) ? sock_net(sk)->mib.udplite_stats_in6 : \ sock_net(sk)->mib.udp_stats_in6); \ }) #else #define __UDPX_MIB(sk, ipv4) \ ({ \ IS_UDPLITE(sk) ? sock_net(sk)->mib.udplite_statistics : \ sock_net(sk)->mib.udp_statistics; \ }) #endif #define __UDPX_INC_STATS(sk, field) \ __SNMP_INC_STATS(__UDPX_MIB(sk, (sk)->sk_family == AF_INET), field) #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct udp_seq_afinfo { sa_family_t family; struct udp_table *udp_table; }; struct udp_iter_state { struct seq_net_private p; int bucket; struct udp_seq_afinfo *bpf_seq_afinfo; }; void *udp_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos); void *udp_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); void udp_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); extern const struct seq_operations udp_seq_ops; extern const struct seq_operations udp6_seq_ops; int udp4_proc_init(void); void udp4_proc_exit(void); #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ int udpv4_offload_init(void); void udp_init(void); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(udp_encap_needed_key); void udp_encap_enable(void); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(udpv6_encap_needed_key); void udpv6_encap_enable(void); #endif static inline struct sk_buff *udp_rcv_segment(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, bool ipv4) { netdev_features_t features = NETIF_F_SG; struct sk_buff *segs; /* Avoid csum recalculation by skb_segment unless userspace explicitly * asks for the final checksum values */ if (!inet_get_convert_csum(sk)) features |= NETIF_F_IP_CSUM | NETIF_F_IPV6_CSUM; /* UDP segmentation expects packets of type CHECKSUM_PARTIAL or * CHECKSUM_NONE in __udp_gso_segment. UDP GRO indeed builds partial * packets in udp_gro_complete_segment. As does UDP GSO, verified by * udp_send_skb. But when those packets are looped in dev_loopback_xmit * their ip_summed CHECKSUM_NONE is changed to CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY. * Reset in this specific case, where PARTIAL is both correct and * required. */ if (skb->pkt_type == PACKET_LOOPBACK) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL; /* the GSO CB lays after the UDP one, no need to save and restore any * CB fragment */ segs = __skb_gso_segment(skb, features, false); if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(segs)) { int segs_nr = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs; atomic_add(segs_nr, &sk->sk_drops); SNMP_ADD_STATS(__UDPX_MIB(sk, ipv4), UDP_MIB_INERRORS, segs_nr); kfree_skb(skb); return NULL; } consume_skb(skb); return segs; } #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_STREAM_PARSER struct sk_psock; struct proto *udp_bpf_get_proto(struct sock *sk, struct sk_psock *psock); #endif /* BPF_STREAM_PARSER */ #endif /* _UDP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 #ifndef _CRYPTO_GCM_H #define _CRYPTO_GCM_H #include <linux/errno.h> #define GCM_AES_IV_SIZE 12 #define GCM_RFC4106_IV_SIZE 8 #define GCM_RFC4543_IV_SIZE 8 /* * validate authentication tag for GCM */ static inline int crypto_gcm_check_authsize(unsigned int authsize) { switch (authsize) { case 4: case 8: case 12: case 13: case 14: case 15: case 16: break; default: return -EINVAL; } return 0; } /* * validate authentication tag for RFC4106 */ static inline int crypto_rfc4106_check_authsize(unsigned int authsize) { switch (authsize) { case 8: case 12: case 16: break; default: return -EINVAL; } return 0; } /* * validate assoclen for RFC4106/RFC4543 */ static inline int crypto_ipsec_check_assoclen(unsigned int assoclen) { switch (assoclen) { case 16: case 20: break; default: return -EINVAL; } return 0; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_INSN_H #define _ASM_X86_INSN_H /* * x86 instruction analysis * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2009 */ /* insn_attr_t is defined in inat.h */ #include <asm/inat.h> struct insn_field { union { insn_value_t value; insn_byte_t bytes[4]; }; /* !0 if we've run insn_get_xxx() for this field */ unsigned char got; unsigned char nbytes; }; struct insn { struct insn_field prefixes; /* * Prefixes * prefixes.bytes[3]: last prefix */ struct insn_field rex_prefix; /* REX prefix */ struct insn_field vex_prefix; /* VEX prefix */ struct insn_field opcode; /* * opcode.bytes[0]: opcode1 * opcode.bytes[1]: opcode2 * opcode.bytes[2]: opcode3 */ struct insn_field modrm; struct insn_field sib; struct insn_field displacement; union { struct insn_field immediate; struct insn_field moffset1; /* for 64bit MOV */ struct insn_field immediate1; /* for 64bit imm or off16/32 */ }; union { struct insn_field moffset2; /* for 64bit MOV */ struct insn_field immediate2; /* for 64bit imm or seg16 */ }; int emulate_prefix_size; insn_attr_t attr; unsigned char opnd_bytes; unsigned char addr_bytes; unsigned char length; unsigned char x86_64; const insn_byte_t *kaddr; /* kernel address of insn to analyze */ const insn_byte_t *end_kaddr; /* kernel address of last insn in buffer */ const insn_byte_t *next_byte; }; #define MAX_INSN_SIZE 15 #define X86_MODRM_MOD(modrm) (((modrm) & 0xc0) >> 6) #define X86_MODRM_REG(modrm) (((modrm) & 0x38) >> 3) #define X86_MODRM_RM(modrm) ((modrm) & 0x07) #define X86_SIB_SCALE(sib) (((sib) & 0xc0) >> 6) #define X86_SIB_INDEX(sib) (((sib) & 0x38) >> 3) #define X86_SIB_BASE(sib) ((sib) & 0x07) #define X86_REX_W(rex) ((rex) & 8) #define X86_REX_R(rex) ((rex) & 4) #define X86_REX_X(rex) ((rex) & 2) #define X86_REX_B(rex) ((rex) & 1) /* VEX bit flags */ #define X86_VEX_W(vex) ((vex) & 0x80) /* VEX3 Byte2 */ #define X86_VEX_R(vex) ((vex) & 0x80) /* VEX2/3 Byte1 */ #define X86_VEX_X(vex) ((vex) & 0x40) /* VEX3 Byte1 */ #define X86_VEX_B(vex) ((vex) & 0x20) /* VEX3 Byte1 */ #define X86_VEX_L(vex) ((vex) & 0x04) /* VEX3 Byte2, VEX2 Byte1 */ /* VEX bit fields */ #define X86_EVEX_M(vex) ((vex) & 0x03) /* EVEX Byte1 */ #define X86_VEX3_M(vex) ((vex) & 0x1f) /* VEX3 Byte1 */ #define X86_VEX2_M 1 /* VEX2.M always 1 */ #define X86_VEX_V(vex) (((vex) & 0x78) >> 3) /* VEX3 Byte2, VEX2 Byte1 */ #define X86_VEX_P(vex) ((vex) & 0x03) /* VEX3 Byte2, VEX2 Byte1 */ #define X86_VEX_M_MAX 0x1f /* VEX3.M Maximum value */ extern void insn_init(struct insn *insn, const void *kaddr, int buf_len, int x86_64); extern void insn_get_prefixes(struct insn *insn); extern void insn_get_opcode(struct insn *insn); extern void insn_get_modrm(struct insn *insn); extern void insn_get_sib(struct insn *insn); extern void insn_get_displacement(struct insn *insn); extern void insn_get_immediate(struct insn *insn); extern void insn_get_length(struct insn *insn); /* Attribute will be determined after getting ModRM (for opcode groups) */ static inline void insn_get_attribute(struct insn *insn) { insn_get_modrm(insn); } /* Instruction uses RIP-relative addressing */ extern int insn_rip_relative(struct insn *insn); /* Init insn for kernel text */ static inline void kernel_insn_init(struct insn *insn, const void *kaddr, int buf_len) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 insn_init(insn, kaddr, buf_len, 1); #else /* CONFIG_X86_32 */ insn_init(insn, kaddr, buf_len, 0); #endif } static inline int insn_is_avx(struct insn *insn) { if (!insn->prefixes.got) insn_get_prefixes(insn); return (insn->vex_prefix.value != 0); } static inline int insn_is_evex(struct insn *insn) { if (!insn->prefixes.got) insn_get_prefixes(insn); return (insn->vex_prefix.nbytes == 4); } static inline int insn_has_emulate_prefix(struct insn *insn) { return !!insn->emulate_prefix_size; } /* Ensure this instruction is decoded completely */ static inline int insn_complete(struct insn *insn) { return insn->opcode.got && insn->modrm.got && insn->sib.got && insn->displacement.got && insn->immediate.got; } static inline insn_byte_t insn_vex_m_bits(struct insn *insn) { if (insn->vex_prefix.nbytes == 2) /* 2 bytes VEX */ return X86_VEX2_M; else if (insn->vex_prefix.nbytes == 3) /* 3 bytes VEX */ return X86_VEX3_M(insn->vex_prefix.bytes[1]); else /* EVEX */ return X86_EVEX_M(insn->vex_prefix.bytes[1]); } static inline insn_byte_t insn_vex_p_bits(struct insn *insn) { if (insn->vex_prefix.nbytes == 2) /* 2 bytes VEX */ return X86_VEX_P(insn->vex_prefix.bytes[1]); else return X86_VEX_P(insn->vex_prefix.bytes[2]); } /* Get the last prefix id from last prefix or VEX prefix */ static inline int insn_last_prefix_id(struct insn *insn) { if (insn_is_avx(insn)) return insn_vex_p_bits(insn); /* VEX_p is a SIMD prefix id */ if (insn->prefixes.bytes[3]) return inat_get_last_prefix_id(insn->prefixes.bytes[3]); return 0; } /* Offset of each field from kaddr */ static inline int insn_offset_rex_prefix(struct insn *insn) { return insn->prefixes.nbytes; } static inline int insn_offset_vex_prefix(struct insn *insn) { return insn_offset_rex_prefix(insn) + insn->rex_prefix.nbytes; } static inline int insn_offset_opcode(struct insn *insn) { return insn_offset_vex_prefix(insn) + insn->vex_prefix.nbytes; } static inline int insn_offset_modrm(struct insn *insn) { return insn_offset_opcode(insn) + insn->opcode.nbytes; } static inline int insn_offset_sib(struct insn *insn) { return insn_offset_modrm(insn) + insn->modrm.nbytes; } static inline int insn_offset_displacement(struct insn *insn) { return insn_offset_sib(insn) + insn->sib.nbytes; } static inline int insn_offset_immediate(struct insn *insn) { return insn_offset_displacement(insn) + insn->displacement.nbytes; } /** * for_each_insn_prefix() -- Iterate prefixes in the instruction * @insn: Pointer to struct insn. * @idx: Index storage. * @prefix: Prefix byte. * * Iterate prefix bytes of given @insn. Each prefix byte is stored in @prefix * and the index is stored in @idx (note that this @idx is just for a cursor, * do not change it.) * Since prefixes.nbytes can be bigger than 4 if some prefixes * are repeated, it cannot be used for looping over the prefixes. */ #define for_each_insn_prefix(insn, idx, prefix) \ for (idx = 0; idx < ARRAY_SIZE(insn->prefixes.bytes) && (prefix = insn->prefixes.bytes[idx]) != 0; idx++) #define POP_SS_OPCODE 0x1f #define MOV_SREG_OPCODE 0x8e /* * Intel SDM Vol.3A 6.8.3 states; * "Any single-step trap that would be delivered following the MOV to SS * instruction or POP to SS instruction (because EFLAGS.TF is 1) is * suppressed." * This function returns true if @insn is MOV SS or POP SS. On these * instructions, single stepping is suppressed. */ static inline int insn_masking_exception(struct insn *insn) { return insn->opcode.bytes[0] == POP_SS_OPCODE || (insn->opcode.bytes[0] == MOV_SREG_OPCODE && X86_MODRM_REG(insn->modrm.bytes[0]) == 2); } #endif /* _ASM_X86_INSN_H */
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/* * Copyright (c) 2003-2006, Cluster File Systems, Inc, info@clusterfs.com * Written by Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com> */ /* * mballoc.c contains the multiblocks allocation routines */ #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "mballoc.h" #include <linux/log2.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/nospec.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <trace/events/ext4.h> /* * MUSTDO: * - test ext4_ext_search_left() and ext4_ext_search_right() * - search for metadata in few groups * * TODO v4: * - normalization should take into account whether file is still open * - discard preallocations if no free space left (policy?) * - don't normalize tails * - quota * - reservation for superuser * * TODO v3: * - bitmap read-ahead (proposed by Oleg Drokin aka green) * - track min/max extents in each group for better group selection * - mb_mark_used() may allocate chunk right after splitting buddy * - tree of groups sorted by number of free blocks * - error handling */ /* * The allocation request involve request for multiple number of blocks * near to the goal(block) value specified. * * During initialization phase of the allocator we decide to use the * group preallocation or inode preallocation depending on the size of * the file. The size of the file could be the resulting file size we * would have after allocation, or the current file size, which ever * is larger. If the size is less than sbi->s_mb_stream_request we * select to use the group preallocation. The default value of * s_mb_stream_request is 16 blocks. This can also be tuned via * /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_stream_req. The value is represented in * terms of number of blocks. * * The main motivation for having small file use group preallocation is to * ensure that we have small files closer together on the disk. * * First stage the allocator looks at the inode prealloc list, * ext4_inode_info->i_prealloc_list, which contains list of prealloc * spaces for this particular inode. The inode prealloc space is * represented as: * * pa_lstart -> the logical start block for this prealloc space * pa_pstart -> the physical start block for this prealloc space * pa_len -> length for this prealloc space (in clusters) * pa_free -> free space available in this prealloc space (in clusters) * * The inode preallocation space is used looking at the _logical_ start * block. If only the logical file block falls within the range of prealloc * space we will consume the particular prealloc space. This makes sure that * we have contiguous physical blocks representing the file blocks * * The important thing to be noted in case of inode prealloc space is that * we don't modify the values associated to inode prealloc space except * pa_free. * * If we are not able to find blocks in the inode prealloc space and if we * have the group allocation flag set then we look at the locality group * prealloc space. These are per CPU prealloc list represented as * * ext4_sb_info.s_locality_groups[smp_processor_id()] * * The reason for having a per cpu locality group is to reduce the contention * between CPUs. It is possible to get scheduled at this point. * * The locality group prealloc space is used looking at whether we have * enough free space (pa_free) within the prealloc space. * * If we can't allocate blocks via inode prealloc or/and locality group * prealloc then we look at the buddy cache. The buddy cache is represented * by ext4_sb_info.s_buddy_cache (struct inode) whose file offset gets * mapped to the buddy and bitmap information regarding different * groups. The buddy information is attached to buddy cache inode so that * we can access them through the page cache. The information regarding * each group is loaded via ext4_mb_load_buddy. The information involve * block bitmap and buddy information. The information are stored in the * inode as: * * { page } * [ group 0 bitmap][ group 0 buddy] [group 1][ group 1]... * * * one block each for bitmap and buddy information. So for each group we * take up 2 blocks. A page can contain blocks_per_page (PAGE_SIZE / * blocksize) blocks. So it can have information regarding groups_per_page * which is blocks_per_page/2 * * The buddy cache inode is not stored on disk. The inode is thrown * away when the filesystem is unmounted. * * We look for count number of blocks in the buddy cache. If we were able * to locate that many free blocks we return with additional information * regarding rest of the contiguous physical block available * * Before allocating blocks via buddy cache we normalize the request * blocks. This ensure we ask for more blocks that we needed. The extra * blocks that we get after allocation is added to the respective prealloc * list. In case of inode preallocation we follow a list of heuristics * based on file size. This can be found in ext4_mb_normalize_request. If * we are doing a group prealloc we try to normalize the request to * sbi->s_mb_group_prealloc. The default value of s_mb_group_prealloc is * dependent on the cluster size; for non-bigalloc file systems, it is * 512 blocks. This can be tuned via * /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_group_prealloc. The value is represented in * terms of number of blocks. If we have mounted the file system with -O * stripe=<value> option the group prealloc request is normalized to the * smallest multiple of the stripe value (sbi->s_stripe) which is * greater than the default mb_group_prealloc. * * The regular allocator (using the buddy cache) supports a few tunables. * * /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_min_to_scan * /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_max_to_scan * /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_order2_req * * The regular allocator uses buddy scan only if the request len is power of * 2 blocks and the order of allocation is >= sbi->s_mb_order2_reqs. The * value of s_mb_order2_reqs can be tuned via * /sys/fs/ext4/<partition>/mb_order2_req. If the request len is equal to * stripe size (sbi->s_stripe), we try to search for contiguous block in * stripe size. This should result in better allocation on RAID setups. If * not, we search in the specific group using bitmap for best extents. The * tunable min_to_scan and max_to_scan control the behaviour here. * min_to_scan indicate how long the mballoc __must__ look for a best * extent and max_to_scan indicates how long the mballoc __can__ look for a * best extent in the found extents. Searching for the blocks starts with * the group specified as the goal value in allocation context via * ac_g_ex. Each group is first checked based on the criteria whether it * can be used for allocation. ext4_mb_good_group explains how the groups are * checked. * * Both the prealloc space are getting populated as above. So for the first * request we will hit the buddy cache which will result in this prealloc * space getting filled. The prealloc space is then later used for the * subsequent request. */ /* * mballoc operates on the following data: * - on-disk bitmap * - in-core buddy (actually includes buddy and bitmap) * - preallocation descriptors (PAs) * * there are two types of preallocations: * - inode * assiged to specific inode and can be used for this inode only. * it describes part of inode's space preallocated to specific * physical blocks. any block from that preallocated can be used * independent. the descriptor just tracks number of blocks left * unused. so, before taking some block from descriptor, one must * make sure corresponded logical block isn't allocated yet. this * also means that freeing any block within descriptor's range * must discard all preallocated blocks. * - locality group * assigned to specific locality group which does not translate to * permanent set of inodes: inode can join and leave group. space * from this type of preallocation can be used for any inode. thus * it's consumed from the beginning to the end. * * relation between them can be expressed as: * in-core buddy = on-disk bitmap + preallocation descriptors * * this mean blocks mballoc