1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions and Declarations for tuple. * * 16 Dec 2003: Yasuyuki Kozakai @USAGI <yasuyuki.kozakai@toshiba.co.jp> * - generalize L3 protocol dependent part. * * Derived from include/linux/netfiter_ipv4/ip_conntrack_tuple.h */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_TUPLE_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_TUPLE_H #include <linux/netfilter/x_tables.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tuple_common.h> #include <linux/list_nulls.h> /* A `tuple' is a structure containing the information to uniquely identify a connection. ie. if two packets have the same tuple, they are in the same connection; if not, they are not. We divide the structure along "manipulatable" and "non-manipulatable" lines, for the benefit of the NAT code. */ #define NF_CT_TUPLE_L3SIZE ARRAY_SIZE(((union nf_inet_addr *)NULL)->all) /* The manipulable part of the tuple. */ struct nf_conntrack_man { union nf_inet_addr u3; union nf_conntrack_man_proto u; /* Layer 3 protocol */ u_int16_t l3num; }; /* This contains the information to distinguish a connection. */ struct nf_conntrack_tuple { struct nf_conntrack_man src; /* These are the parts of the tuple which are fixed. */ struct { union nf_inet_addr u3; union { /* Add other protocols here. */ __be16 all; struct { __be16 port; } tcp; struct { __be16 port; } udp; struct { u_int8_t type, code; } icmp; struct { __be16 port; } dccp; struct { __be16 port; } sctp; struct { __be16 key; } gre; } u; /* The protocol. */ u_int8_t protonum; /* The direction (for tuplehash) */ u_int8_t dir; } dst; }; struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask { struct { union nf_inet_addr u3; union nf_conntrack_man_proto u; } src; }; static inline void nf_ct_dump_tuple_ip(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t) { #ifdef DEBUG printk("tuple %p: %u %pI4:%hu -> %pI4:%hu\n", t, t->dst.protonum, &t->src.u3.ip, ntohs(t->src.u.all), &t->dst.u3.ip, ntohs(t->dst.u.all)); #endif } static inline void nf_ct_dump_tuple_ipv6(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t) { #ifdef DEBUG printk("tuple %p: %u %pI6 %hu -> %pI6 %hu\n", t, t->dst.protonum, t->src.u3.all, ntohs(t->src.u.all), t->dst.u3.all, ntohs(t->dst.u.all)); #endif } static inline void nf_ct_dump_tuple(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t) { switch (t->src.l3num) { case AF_INET: nf_ct_dump_tuple_ip(t); break; case AF_INET6: nf_ct_dump_tuple_ipv6(t); break; } } /* If we're the first tuple, it's the original dir. */ #define NF_CT_DIRECTION(h) \ ((enum ip_conntrack_dir)(h)->tuple.dst.dir) /* Connections have two entries in the hash table: one for each way */ struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash { struct hlist_nulls_node hnnode; struct nf_conntrack_tuple tuple; }; static inline bool __nf_ct_tuple_src_equal(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t2) { return (nf_inet_addr_cmp(&t1->src.u3, &t2->src.u3) && t1->src.u.all == t2->src.u.all && t1->src.l3num == t2->src.l3num); } static inline bool __nf_ct_tuple_dst_equal(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t2) { return (nf_inet_addr_cmp(&t1->dst.u3, &t2->dst.u3) && t1->dst.u.all == t2->dst.u.all && t1->dst.protonum == t2->dst.protonum); } static inline bool nf_ct_tuple_equal(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t2) { return __nf_ct_tuple_src_equal(t1, t2) && __nf_ct_tuple_dst_equal(t1, t2); } static inline bool nf_ct_tuple_mask_equal(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask *m1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask *m2) { return (nf_inet_addr_cmp(&m1->src.u3, &m2->src.u3) && m1->src.u.all == m2->src.u.all); } static inline bool nf_ct_tuple_src_mask_cmp(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t1, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t2, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask *mask) { int count; for (count = 0; count < NF_CT_TUPLE_L3SIZE; count++) { if ((t1->src.u3.all[count] ^ t2->src.u3.all[count]) & mask->src.u3.all[count]) return false; } if ((t1->src.u.all ^ t2->src.u.all) & mask->src.u.all) return false; if (t1->src.l3num != t2->src.l3num || t1->dst.protonum != t2->dst.protonum) return false; return true; } static inline bool nf_ct_tuple_mask_cmp(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *t, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_mask *mask) { return nf_ct_tuple_src_mask_cmp(t, tuple, mask) && __nf_ct_tuple_dst_equal(t, tuple); } #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_TUPLE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_RATELIMIT_H #define _LINUX_RATELIMIT_H #include <linux/ratelimit_types.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> static inline void ratelimit_state_init(struct ratelimit_state *rs, int interval, int burst) { memset(rs, 0, sizeof(*rs)); raw_spin_lock_init(&rs->lock); rs->interval = interval; rs->burst = burst; } static inline void ratelimit_default_init(struct ratelimit_state *rs) { return ratelimit_state_init(rs, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); } static inline void ratelimit_state_exit(struct ratelimit_state *rs) { if (!(rs->flags & RATELIMIT_MSG_ON_RELEASE)) return; if (rs->missed) { pr_warn("%s: %d output lines suppressed due to ratelimiting\n", current->comm, rs->missed); rs->missed = 0; } } static inline void ratelimit_set_flags(struct ratelimit_state *rs, unsigned long flags) { rs->flags = flags; } extern struct ratelimit_state printk_ratelimit_state; #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define WARN_ON_RATELIMIT(condition, state) ({ \ bool __rtn_cond = !!(condition); \ WARN_ON(__rtn_cond && __ratelimit(state)); \ __rtn_cond; \ }) #define WARN_RATELIMIT(condition, format, ...) \ ({ \ static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(_rs, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); \ int rtn = !!(condition); \ \ if (unlikely(rtn && __ratelimit(&_rs))) \ WARN(rtn, format, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ \ rtn; \ }) #else #define WARN_ON_RATELIMIT(condition, state) \ WARN_ON(condition) #define WARN_RATELIMIT(condition, format, ...) \ ({ \ int rtn = WARN(condition, format, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ rtn; \ }) #endif #endif /* _LINUX_RATELIMIT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions for diskquota-operations. When diskquota is configured these * macros expand to the right source-code. * * Author: Marco van Wieringen <mvw@planets.elm.net> */ #ifndef _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ #define _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ #include <linux/fs.h> #define DQUOT_SPACE_WARN 0x1 #define DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE 0x2 #define DQUOT_SPACE_NOFAIL 0x4 static inline struct quota_info *sb_dqopt(struct super_block *sb) { return &sb->s_dquot; } /* i_mutex must being held */ static inline bool is_quota_modification(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *ia) { return (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) || (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_UID && !uid_eq(ia->ia_uid, inode->i_uid)) || (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_GID && !gid_eq(ia->ia_gid, inode->i_gid)); } #if defined(CONFIG_QUOTA) #define quota_error(sb, fmt, args...) \ __quota_error((sb), __func__, fmt , ## args) extern __printf(3, 4) void __quota_error(struct super_block *sb, const char *func, const char *fmt, ...); /* * declaration of quota_function calls in kernel. */ int dquot_initialize(struct inode *inode); bool dquot_initialize_needed(struct inode *inode); void dquot_drop(struct inode *inode); struct dquot *dqget(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid qid); static inline struct dquot *dqgrab(struct dquot *dquot) { /* Make sure someone else has active reference to dquot */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!atomic_read(&dquot->dq_count)); WARN_ON_ONCE(!test_bit(DQ_ACTIVE_B, &dquot->dq_flags)); atomic_inc(&dquot->dq_count); return dquot; } static inline bool dquot_is_busy(struct dquot *dquot) { if (test_bit(DQ_MOD_B, &dquot->dq_flags)) return true; if (atomic_read(&dquot->dq_count) > 1) return true; return false; } void dqput(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_scan_active(struct super_block *sb, int (*fn)(struct dquot *dquot, unsigned long priv), unsigned long priv); struct dquot *dquot_alloc(struct super_block *sb, int type); void dquot_destroy(struct dquot *dquot); int __dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags); void __dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags); int dquot_alloc_inode(struct inode *inode); int dquot_claim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number); void dquot_free_inode(struct inode *inode); void dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number); int dquot_disable(struct super_block *sb, int type, unsigned int flags); /* Suspend quotas on remount RO */ static inline int dquot_suspend(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return dquot_disable(sb, type, DQUOT_SUSPENDED); } int dquot_resume(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_commit(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_acquire(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_release(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_commit_info(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_get_next_id(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *qid); int dquot_mark_dquot_dirty(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); int dquot_load_quota_sb(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags); int dquot_load_quota_inode(struct inode *inode, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags); int dquot_quota_on(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, const struct path *path); int dquot_quota_on_mount(struct super_block *sb, char *qf_name, int format_id, int type); int dquot_quota_off(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_writeback_dquots(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_quota_sync(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_get_state(struct super_block *sb, struct qc_state *state); int dquot_set_dqinfo(struct super_block *sb, int type, struct qc_info *ii); int dquot_get_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int dquot_get_next_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int dquot_set_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int __dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct dquot **transfer_to); int dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *iattr); static inline struct mem_dqinfo *sb_dqinfo(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->info + type; } /* * Functions for checking status of quota */ static inline bool sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED, type); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_limits_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED, type); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_SUSPENDED, type); } static inline unsigned sb_any_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb) { return dquot_state_types(sb_dqopt(sb)->flags, DQUOT_SUSPENDED); } /* Does kernel know about any quota information for given sb + type? */ static inline bool sb_has_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb, int type) { /* Currently if anything is on, then quota usage is on as well */ return sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(sb, type); } static inline unsigned sb_any_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb) { return dquot_state_types(sb_dqopt(sb)->flags, DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_active(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_has_quota_loaded(sb, type) && !sb_has_quota_suspended(sb, type); } /* * Operations supported for diskquotas. */ extern const struct dquot_operations dquot_operations; extern const struct quotactl_ops dquot_quotactl_sysfile_ops; #else static inline int sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_limits_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_any_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; } /* Does kernel know about any quota information for given sb + type? */ static inline int sb_has_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_any_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_active(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_initialize(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline bool dquot_initialize_needed(struct inode *inode) { return false; } static inline void dquot_drop(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int dquot_alloc_inode(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline void dquot_free_inode(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *iattr) { return 0; } static inline int __dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags) { if (!(flags & DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE)) inode_add_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline void __dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags) { if (!(flags & DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE)) inode_sub_bytes(inode, number); } static inline int dquot_claim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number) { inode_add_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline int dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number) { inode_sub_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline int dquot_disable(struct super_block *sb, int type, unsigned int flags) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_suspend(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_resume(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } #define dquot_file_open generic_file_open static inline int dquot_writeback_dquots(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_QUOTA */ static inline int dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN); } static inline void dquot_alloc_space_nofail(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN|DQUOT_SPACE_NOFAIL); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline int dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(inode, nr); if (!ret) { /* * Mark inode fully dirty. Since we are allocating blocks, inode * would become fully dirty soon anyway and it reportedly * reduces lock contention. */ mark_inode_dirty(inode); } return ret; } static inline int dquot_alloc_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_alloc_block_nofail(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_alloc_space_nofail(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline int dquot_alloc_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline int dquot_prealloc_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, 0); } static inline int dquot_prealloc_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_prealloc_block_nodirty(inode, nr); if (!ret) mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); return ret; } static inline int dquot_reserve_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN|DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE); } static inline int dquot_claim_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_claim_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); if (!ret) mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); return ret; } static inline void dquot_reclaim_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline void dquot_free_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_free_space(inode, nr, 0); } static inline void dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space_nodirty(inode, nr); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline void dquot_free_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_free_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_release_reservation_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_free_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE); } unsigned int qtype_enforce_flag(int type); #endif /* _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * fs/kernfs/kernfs-internal.h - kernfs internal header file * * Copyright (c) 2001-3 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2007 SUSE Linux Products GmbH * Copyright (c) 2007, 2013 Tejun Heo <teheo@suse.de> */ #ifndef __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H #define __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/kernfs.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> struct kernfs_iattrs { kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; struct simple_xattrs xattrs; atomic_t nr_user_xattrs; atomic_t user_xattr_size; }; /* +1 to avoid triggering overflow warning when negating it */ #define KN_DEACTIVATED_BIAS (INT_MIN + 1) /* KERNFS_TYPE_MASK and types are defined in include/linux/kernfs.h */ /** * kernfs_root - find out the kernfs_root a kernfs_node belongs to * @kn: kernfs_node of interest * * Return the kernfs_root @kn belongs to. */ static inline struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root(struct kernfs_node *kn) { /* if parent exists, it's always a dir; otherwise, @sd is a dir */ if (kn->parent) kn = kn->parent; return kn->dir.root; } /* * mount.c */ struct kernfs_super_info { struct super_block *sb; /* * The root associated with this super_block. Each super_block is * identified by the root and ns it's associated with. */ struct kernfs_root *root; /* * Each sb is associated with one namespace tag, currently the * network namespace of the task which mounted this kernfs * instance. If multiple tags become necessary, make the following * an array and compare kernfs_node tag against every entry. */ const void *ns; /* anchored at kernfs_root->supers, protected by kernfs_mutex */ struct list_head node; }; #define kernfs_info(SB) ((struct kernfs_super_info *)(SB->s_fs_info)) static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_dentry_node(struct dentry *dentry) { if (d_really_is_negative(dentry)) return NULL; return d_inode(dentry)->i_private; } extern const struct super_operations kernfs_sops; extern struct kmem_cache *kernfs_node_cache, *kernfs_iattrs_cache; /* * inode.c */ extern const struct xattr_handler *kernfs_xattr_handlers[]; void kernfs_evict_inode(struct inode *inode); int kernfs_iop_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask); int kernfs_iop_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *iattr); int kernfs_iop_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags); ssize_t kernfs_iop_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *buf, size_t size); int __kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr); /* * dir.c */ extern struct mutex kernfs_mutex; extern const struct dentry_operations kernfs_dops; extern const struct file_operations kernfs_dir_fops; extern const struct inode_operations kernfs_dir_iops; struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_active(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_put_active(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_add_one(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_new_node(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, unsigned flags); /* * file.c */ extern const struct file_operations kernfs_file_fops; void kernfs_drain_open_files(struct kernfs_node *kn); /* * symlink.c */ extern const struct inode_operations kernfs_symlink_iops; #endif /* __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * bvec iterator * * Copyright (C) 2001 Ming Lei <ming.lei@canonical.com> */ #ifndef __LINUX_BVEC_ITER_H #define __LINUX_BVEC_ITER_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/types.h> struct page; /** * struct bio_vec - a contiguous range of physical memory addresses * @bv_page: First page associated with the address range. * @bv_len: Number of bytes in the address range. * @bv_offset: Start of the address range relative to the start of @bv_page. * * The following holds for a bvec if n * PAGE_SIZE < bv_offset + bv_len: * * nth_page(@bv_page, n) == @bv_page + n * * This holds because page_is_mergeable() checks the above property. */ struct bio_vec { struct page *bv_page; unsigned int bv_len; unsigned int bv_offset; }; struct bvec_iter { sector_t bi_sector; /* device address in 512 byte sectors */ unsigned int bi_size; /* residual I/O count */ unsigned int bi_idx; /* current index into bvl_vec */ unsigned int bi_bvec_done; /* number of bytes completed in current bvec */ }; struct bvec_iter_all { struct bio_vec bv; int idx; unsigned done; }; /* * various member access, note that bio_data should of course not be used * on highmem page vectors */ #define __bvec_iter_bvec(bvec, iter) (&(bvec)[(iter).bi_idx]) /* multi-page (mp_bvec) helpers */ #define mp_bvec_iter_page(bvec, iter) \ (__bvec_iter_bvec((bvec), (iter))->bv_page) #define mp_bvec_iter_len(bvec, iter) \ min((iter).bi_size, \ __bvec_iter_bvec((bvec), (iter))->bv_len - (iter).bi_bvec_done) #define mp_bvec_iter_offset(bvec, iter) \ (__bvec_iter_bvec((bvec), (iter))->bv_offset + (iter).bi_bvec_done) #define mp_bvec_iter_page_idx(bvec, iter) \ (mp_bvec_iter_offset((bvec), (iter)) / PAGE_SIZE) #define mp_bvec_iter_bvec(bvec, iter) \ ((struct bio_vec) { \ .bv_page = mp_bvec_iter_page((bvec), (iter)), \ .bv_len = mp_bvec_iter_len((bvec), (iter)), \ .bv_offset = mp_bvec_iter_offset((bvec), (iter)), \ }) /* For building single-page bvec in flight */ #define bvec_iter_offset(bvec, iter) \ (mp_bvec_iter_offset((bvec), (iter)) % PAGE_SIZE) #define bvec_iter_len(bvec, iter) \ min_t(unsigned, mp_bvec_iter_len((bvec), (iter)), \ PAGE_SIZE - bvec_iter_offset((bvec), (iter))) #define bvec_iter_page(bvec, iter) \ (mp_bvec_iter_page((bvec), (iter)) + \ mp_bvec_iter_page_idx((bvec), (iter))) #define bvec_iter_bvec(bvec, iter) \ ((struct bio_vec) { \ .bv_page = bvec_iter_page((bvec), (iter)), \ .bv_len = bvec_iter_len((bvec), (iter)), \ .bv_offset = bvec_iter_offset((bvec), (iter)), \ }) static inline bool bvec_iter_advance(const struct bio_vec *bv, struct bvec_iter *iter, unsigned bytes) { unsigned int idx = iter->bi_idx; if (WARN_ONCE(bytes > iter->bi_size, "Attempted to advance past end of bvec iter\n")) { iter->bi_size = 0; return false; } iter->bi_size -= bytes; bytes += iter->bi_bvec_done; while (bytes && bytes >= bv[idx].bv_len) { bytes -= bv[idx].bv_len; idx++; } iter->bi_idx = idx; iter->bi_bvec_done = bytes; return true; } static inline void bvec_iter_skip_zero_bvec(struct bvec_iter *iter) { iter->bi_bvec_done = 0; iter->bi_idx++; } #define for_each_bvec(bvl, bio_vec, iter, start) \ for (iter = (start); \ (iter).bi_size && \ ((bvl = bvec_iter_bvec((bio_vec), (iter))), 1); \ (bvl).bv_len ? (void)bvec_iter_advance((bio_vec), &(iter), \ (bvl).bv_len) : bvec_iter_skip_zero_bvec(&(iter))) /* for iterating one bio from start to end */ #define BVEC_ITER_ALL_INIT (struct bvec_iter) \ { \ .bi_sector = 0, \ .bi_size = UINT_MAX, \ .bi_idx = 0, \ .bi_bvec_done = 0, \ } static inline struct bio_vec *bvec_init_iter_all(struct bvec_iter_all *iter_all) { iter_all->done = 0; iter_all->idx = 0; return &iter_all->bv; } static inline void bvec_advance(const struct bio_vec *bvec, struct bvec_iter_all *iter_all) { struct bio_vec *bv = &iter_all->bv; if (iter_all->done) { bv->bv_page++; bv->bv_offset = 0; } else { bv->bv_page = bvec->bv_page + (bvec->bv_offset >> PAGE_SHIFT); bv->bv_offset = bvec->bv_offset & ~PAGE_MASK; } bv->bv_len = min_t(unsigned int, PAGE_SIZE - bv->bv_offset, bvec->bv_len - iter_all->done); iter_all->done += bv->bv_len; if (iter_all->done == bvec->bv_len) { iter_all->idx++; iter_all->done = 0; } } #endif /* __LINUX_BVEC_ITER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM vmscan #if !defined(_TRACE_VMSCAN_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_VMSCAN_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> #define RECLAIM_WB_ANON 0x0001u #define RECLAIM_WB_FILE 0x0002u #define RECLAIM_WB_MIXED 0x0010u #define RECLAIM_WB_SYNC 0x0004u /* Unused, all reclaim async */ #define RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC 0x0008u #define RECLAIM_WB_LRU (RECLAIM_WB_ANON|RECLAIM_WB_FILE) #define show_reclaim_flags(flags) \ (flags) ? __print_flags(flags, "|", \ {RECLAIM_WB_ANON, "RECLAIM_WB_ANON"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_FILE, "RECLAIM_WB_FILE"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_MIXED, "RECLAIM_WB_MIXED"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_SYNC, "RECLAIM_WB_SYNC"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC, "RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC"} \ ) : "RECLAIM_WB_NONE" #define trace_reclaim_flags(file) ( \ (file ? RECLAIM_WB_FILE : RECLAIM_WB_ANON) | \ (RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC) \ ) TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_kswapd_sleep, TP_PROTO(int nid), TP_ARGS(nid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nid ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; ), TP_printk("nid=%d", __entry->nid) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_kswapd_wake, TP_PROTO(int nid, int zid, int order), TP_ARGS(nid, zid, order), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nid ) __field( int, zid ) __field( int, order ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->zid = zid; __entry->order = order; ), TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d", __entry->nid, __entry->order) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_wakeup_kswapd, TP_PROTO(int nid, int zid, int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(nid, zid, order, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nid ) __field( int, zid ) __field( int, order ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->zid = zid; __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, order ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("order=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags) ); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_softlimit_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags) ); #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, nr_reclaimed ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nr_reclaimed = nr_reclaimed; ), TP_printk("nr_reclaimed=%lu", __entry->nr_reclaimed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_softlimit_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ TRACE_EVENT(mm_shrink_slab_start, TP_PROTO(struct shrinker *shr, struct shrink_control *sc, long nr_objects_to_shrink, unsigned long cache_items, unsigned long long delta, unsigned long total_scan, int priority), TP_ARGS(shr, sc, nr_objects_to_shrink, cache_items, delta, total_scan, priority), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct shrinker *, shr) __field(void *, shrink) __field(int, nid) __field(long, nr_objects_to_shrink) __field(gfp_t, gfp_flags) __field(unsigned long, cache_items) __field(unsigned long long, delta) __field(unsigned long, total_scan) __field(int, priority) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->shr = shr; __entry->shrink = shr->scan_objects; __entry->nid = sc->nid; __entry->nr_objects_to_shrink = nr_objects_to_shrink; __entry->gfp_flags = sc->gfp_mask; __entry->cache_items = cache_items; __entry->delta = delta; __entry->total_scan = total_scan; __entry->priority = priority; ), TP_printk("%pS %p: nid: %d objects to shrink %ld gfp_flags %s cache items %ld delta %lld total_scan %ld priority %d", __entry->shrink, __entry->shr, __entry->nid, __entry->nr_objects_to_shrink, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags), __entry->cache_items, __entry->delta, __entry->total_scan, __entry->priority) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_shrink_slab_end, TP_PROTO(struct shrinker *shr, int nid, int shrinker_retval, long unused_scan_cnt, long new_scan_cnt, long total_scan), TP_ARGS(shr, nid, shrinker_retval, unused_scan_cnt, new_scan_cnt, total_scan), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct shrinker *, shr) __field(int, nid) __field(void *, shrink) __field(long, unused_scan) __field(long, new_scan) __field(int, retval) __field(long, total_scan) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->shr = shr; __entry->nid = nid; __entry->shrink = shr->scan_objects; __entry->unused_scan = unused_scan_cnt; __entry->new_scan = new_scan_cnt; __entry->retval = shrinker_retval; __entry->total_scan = total_scan; ), TP_printk("%pS %p: nid: %d unused scan count %ld new scan count %ld total_scan %ld last shrinker return val %d", __entry->shrink, __entry->shr, __entry->nid, __entry->unused_scan, __entry->new_scan, __entry->total_scan, __entry->retval) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_lru_isolate, TP_PROTO(int highest_zoneidx, int order, unsigned long nr_requested, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_skipped, unsigned long nr_taken, isolate_mode_t isolate_mode, int lru), TP_ARGS(highest_zoneidx, order, nr_requested, nr_scanned, nr_skipped, nr_taken, isolate_mode, lru), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, highest_zoneidx) __field(int, order) __field(unsigned long, nr_requested) __field(unsigned long, nr_scanned) __field(unsigned long, nr_skipped) __field(unsigned long, nr_taken) __field(isolate_mode_t, isolate_mode) __field(int, lru) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->highest_zoneidx = highest_zoneidx; __entry->order = order; __entry->nr_requested = nr_requested; __entry->nr_scanned = nr_scanned; __entry->nr_skipped = nr_skipped; __entry->nr_taken = nr_taken; __entry->isolate_mode = isolate_mode; __entry->lru = lru; ), /* * classzone is previous name of the highest_zoneidx. * Reason not to change it is the ABI requirement of the tracepoint. */ TP_printk("isolate_mode=%d classzone=%d order=%d nr_requested=%lu nr_scanned=%lu nr_skipped=%lu nr_taken=%lu lru=%s", __entry->isolate_mode, __entry->highest_zoneidx, __entry->order, __entry->nr_requested, __entry->nr_scanned, __entry->nr_skipped, __entry->nr_taken, __print_symbolic(__entry->lru, LRU_NAMES)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_writepage, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, pfn) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags( page_is_file_lru(page)); ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu flags=%s", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_inactive, TP_PROTO(int nid, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_reclaimed, struct reclaim_stat *stat, int priority, int file), TP_ARGS(nid, nr_scanned, nr_reclaimed, stat, priority, file), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(unsigned long, nr_scanned) __field(unsigned long, nr_reclaimed) __field(unsigned long, nr_dirty) __field(unsigned long, nr_writeback) __field(unsigned long, nr_congested) __field(unsigned long, nr_immediate) __field(unsigned int, nr_activate0) __field(unsigned int, nr_activate1) __field(unsigned long, nr_ref_keep) __field(unsigned long, nr_unmap_fail) __field(int, priority) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->nr_scanned = nr_scanned; __entry->nr_reclaimed = nr_reclaimed; __entry->nr_dirty = stat->nr_dirty; __entry->nr_writeback = stat->nr_writeback; __entry->nr_congested = stat->nr_congested; __entry->nr_immediate = stat->nr_immediate; __entry->nr_activate0 = stat->nr_activate[0]; __entry->nr_activate1 = stat->nr_activate[1]; __entry->nr_ref_keep = stat->nr_ref_keep; __entry->nr_unmap_fail = stat->nr_unmap_fail; __entry->priority = priority; __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags(file); ), TP_printk("nid=%d nr_scanned=%ld nr_reclaimed=%ld nr_dirty=%ld nr_writeback=%ld nr_congested=%ld nr_immediate=%ld nr_activate_anon=%d nr_activate_file=%d nr_ref_keep=%ld nr_unmap_fail=%ld priority=%d flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->nr_scanned, __entry->nr_reclaimed, __entry->nr_dirty, __entry->nr_writeback, __entry->nr_congested, __entry->nr_immediate, __entry->nr_activate0, __entry->nr_activate1, __entry->nr_ref_keep, __entry->nr_unmap_fail, __entry->priority, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_active, TP_PROTO(int nid, unsigned long nr_taken, unsigned long nr_active, unsigned long nr_deactivated, unsigned long nr_referenced, int priority, int file), TP_ARGS(nid, nr_taken, nr_active, nr_deactivated, nr_referenced, priority, file), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(unsigned long, nr_taken) __field(unsigned long, nr_active) __field(unsigned long, nr_deactivated) __field(unsigned long, nr_referenced) __field(int, priority) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->nr_taken = nr_taken; __entry->nr_active = nr_active; __entry->nr_deactivated = nr_deactivated; __entry->nr_referenced = nr_referenced; __entry->priority = priority; __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags(file); ), TP_printk("nid=%d nr_taken=%ld nr_active=%ld nr_deactivated=%ld nr_referenced=%ld priority=%d flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->nr_taken, __entry->nr_active, __entry->nr_deactivated, __entry->nr_referenced, __entry->priority, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_inactive_list_is_low, TP_PROTO(int nid, int reclaim_idx, unsigned long total_inactive, unsigned long inactive, unsigned long total_active, unsigned long active, unsigned long ratio, int file), TP_ARGS(nid, reclaim_idx, total_inactive, inactive, total_active, active, ratio, file), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(int, reclaim_idx) __field(unsigned long, total_inactive) __field(unsigned long, inactive) __field(unsigned long, total_active) __field(unsigned long, active) __field(unsigned long, ratio) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->reclaim_idx = reclaim_idx; __entry->total_inactive = total_inactive; __entry->inactive = inactive; __entry->total_active = total_active; __entry->active = active; __entry->ratio = ratio; __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags(file) & RECLAIM_WB_LRU; ), TP_printk("nid=%d reclaim_idx=%d total_inactive=%ld inactive=%ld total_active=%ld active=%ld ratio=%ld flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->reclaim_idx, __entry->total_inactive, __entry->inactive, __entry->total_active, __entry->active, __entry->ratio, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_node_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(nid, order, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(int, order) __field(gfp_t, gfp_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_node_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); #endif /* _TRACE_VMSCAN_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 /* gf128mul.h - GF(2^128) multiplication functions * * Copyright (c) 2003, Dr Brian Gladman, Worcester, UK. * Copyright (c) 2006 Rik Snel <rsnel@cube.dyndns.org> * * Based on Dr Brian Gladman's (GPL'd) work published at * http://fp.gladman.plus.com/cryptography_technology/index.htm * See the original copyright notice below. * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free * Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) * any later version. */ /* --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copyright (c) 2003, Dr Brian Gladman, Worcester, UK. All rights reserved. LICENSE TERMS The free distribution and use of this software in both source and binary form is allowed (with or without changes) provided that: 1. distributions of this source code include the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer; 2. distributions in binary form include the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other associated materials; 3. the copyright holder's name is not used to endorse products built using this software without specific written permission. ALTERNATIVELY, provided that this notice is retained in full, this product may be distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL), in which case the provisions of the GPL apply INSTEAD OF those given above. DISCLAIMER This software is provided 'as is' with no explicit or implied warranties in respect of its properties, including, but not limited to, correctness and/or fitness for purpose. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Issue Date: 31/01/2006 An implementation of field multiplication in Galois Field GF(2^128) */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_GF128MUL_H #define _CRYPTO_GF128MUL_H #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include <crypto/b128ops.h> #include <linux/slab.h> /* Comment by Rik: * * For some background on GF(2^128) see for example: * http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/ST/toolkit/BCM/documents/proposedmodes/gcm/gcm-revised-spec.pdf * * The elements of GF(2^128) := GF(2)[X]/(X^128-X^7-X^2-X^1-1) can * be mapped to computer memory in a variety of ways. Let's examine * three common cases. * * Take a look at the 16 binary octets below in memory order. The msb's * are left and the lsb's are right. char b[16] is an array and b[0] is * the first octet. * * 10000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 .... 00000000 00000000 00000000 * b[0] b[1] b[2] b[3] b[13] b[14] b[15] * * Every bit is a coefficient of some power of X. We can store the bits * in every byte in little-endian order and the bytes themselves also in * little endian order. I will call this lle (little-little-endian). * The above buffer represents the polynomial 1, and X^7+X^2+X^1+1 looks * like 11100001 00000000 .... 00000000 = { 0xE1, 0x00, }. * This format was originally implemented in gf128mul and is used * in GCM (Galois/Counter mode) and in ABL (Arbitrary Block Length). * * Another convention says: store the bits in bigendian order and the * bytes also. This is bbe (big-big-endian). Now the buffer above * represents X^127. X^7+X^2+X^1+1 looks like 00000000 .... 10000111, * b[15] = 0x87 and the rest is 0. LRW uses this convention and bbe * is partly implemented. * * Both of the above formats are easy to implement on big-endian * machines. * * XTS and EME (the latter of which is patent encumbered) use the ble * format (bits are stored in big endian order and the bytes in little * endian). The above buffer represents X^7 in this case and the * primitive polynomial is b[0] = 0x87. * * The common machine word-size is smaller than 128 bits, so to make * an efficient implementation we must split into machine word sizes. * This implementation uses 64-bit words for the moment. Machine * endianness comes into play. The lle format in relation to machine * endianness is discussed below by the original author of gf128mul Dr * Brian Gladman. * * Let's look at the bbe and ble format on a little endian machine. * * bbe on a little endian machine u32 x[4]: * * MS x[0] LS MS x[1] LS * ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls * 103..96 111.104 119.112 127.120 71...64 79...72 87...80 95...88 * * MS x[2] LS MS x[3] LS * ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls * 39...32 47...40 55...48 63...56 07...00 15...08 23...16 31...24 * * ble on a little endian machine * * MS x[0] LS MS x[1] LS * ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls * 31...24 23...16 15...08 07...00 63...56 55...48 47...40 39...32 * * MS x[2] LS MS x[3] LS * ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls * 95...88 87...80 79...72 71...64 127.120 199.112 111.104 103..96 * * Multiplications in GF(2^128) are mostly bit-shifts, so you see why * ble (and lbe also) are easier to implement on a little-endian * machine than on a big-endian machine. The converse holds for bbe * and lle. * * Note: to have good alignment, it seems to me that it is sufficient * to keep elements of GF(2^128) in type u64[2]. On 32-bit wordsize * machines this will automatically aligned to wordsize and on a 64-bit * machine also. */ /* Multiply a GF(2^128) field element by x. Field elements are held in arrays of bytes in which field bits 8n..8n + 7 are held in byte[n], with lower indexed bits placed in the more numerically significant bit positions within bytes. On little endian machines the bit indexes translate into the bit positions within four 32-bit words in the following way MS x[0] LS MS x[1] LS ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls 24...31 16...23 08...15 00...07 56...63 48...55 40...47 32...39 MS x[2] LS MS x[3] LS ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls 88...95 80...87 72...79 64...71 120.127 112.119 104.111 96..103 On big endian machines the bit indexes translate into the bit positions within four 32-bit words in the following way MS x[0] LS MS x[1] LS ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls 00...07 08...15 16...23 24...31 32...39 40...47 48...55 56...63 MS x[2] LS MS x[3] LS ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls 64...71 72...79 80...87 88...95 96..103 104.111 112.119 120.127 */ /* A slow generic version of gf_mul, implemented for lle and bbe * It multiplies a and b and puts the result in a */ void gf128mul_lle(be128 *a, const be128 *b); void gf128mul_bbe(be128 *a, const be128 *b); /* * The following functions multiply a field element by x in * the polynomial field representation. They use 64-bit word operations * to gain speed but compensate for machine endianness and hence work * correctly on both styles of machine. * * They are defined here for performance. */ static inline u64 gf128mul_mask_from_bit(u64 x, int which) { /* a constant-time version of 'x & ((u64)1 << which) ? (u64)-1 : 0' */ return ((s64)(x << (63 - which)) >> 63); } static inline void gf128mul_x_lle(be128 *r, const be128 *x) { u64 a = be64_to_cpu(x->a); u64 b = be64_to_cpu(x->b); /* equivalent to gf128mul_table_le[(b << 7) & 0xff] << 48 * (see crypto/gf128mul.c): */ u64 _tt = gf128mul_mask_from_bit(b, 0) & ((u64)0xe1 << 56); r->b = cpu_to_be64((b >> 1) | (a << 63)); r->a = cpu_to_be64((a >> 1) ^ _tt); } static inline void gf128mul_x_bbe(be128 *r, const be128 *x) { u64 a = be64_to_cpu(x->a); u64 b = be64_to_cpu(x->b); /* equivalent to gf128mul_table_be[a >> 63] (see crypto/gf128mul.c): */ u64 _tt = gf128mul_mask_from_bit(a, 63) & 0x87; r->a = cpu_to_be64((a << 1) | (b >> 63)); r->b = cpu_to_be64((b << 1) ^ _tt); } /* needed by XTS */ static inline void gf128mul_x_ble(le128 *r, const le128 *x) { u64 a = le64_to_cpu(x->a); u64 b = le64_to_cpu(x->b); /* equivalent to gf128mul_table_be[b >> 63] (see crypto/gf128mul.c): */ u64 _tt = gf128mul_mask_from_bit(a, 63) & 0x87; r->a = cpu_to_le64((a << 1) | (b >> 63)); r->b = cpu_to_le64((b << 1) ^ _tt); } /* 4k table optimization */ struct gf128mul_4k { be128 t[256]; }; struct gf128mul_4k *gf128mul_init_4k_lle(const be128 *g); struct gf128mul_4k *gf128mul_init_4k_bbe(const be128 *g); void gf128mul_4k_lle(be128 *a, const struct gf128mul_4k *t); void gf128mul_4k_bbe(be128 *a, const struct gf128mul_4k *t); void gf128mul_x8_ble(le128 *r, const le128 *x); static inline void gf128mul_free_4k(struct gf128mul_4k *t) { kfree_sensitive(t); } /* 64k table optimization, implemented for bbe */ struct gf128mul_64k { struct gf128mul_4k *t[16]; }; /* First initialize with the constant factor with which you * want to multiply and then call gf128mul_64k_bbe with the other * factor in the first argument, and the table in the second. * Afterwards, the result is stored in *a. */ struct gf128mul_64k *gf128mul_init_64k_bbe(const be128 *g); void gf128mul_free_64k(struct gf128mul_64k *t); void gf128mul_64k_bbe(be128 *a, const struct gf128mul_64k *t); #endif /* _CRYPTO_GF128MUL_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 #include <linux/tcp.h> #include <net/tcp.h> static bool tcp_rack_sent_after(u64 t1, u64 t2, u32 seq1, u32 seq2) { return t1 > t2 || (t1 == t2 && after(seq1, seq2)); } static u32 tcp_rack_reo_wnd(const struct sock *sk) { struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); if (!tp->reord_seen) { /* If reordering has not been observed, be aggressive during * the recovery or starting the recovery by DUPACK threshold. */ if (inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_state >= TCP_CA_Recovery) return 0; if (tp->sacked_out >= tp->reordering && !(sock_net(sk)->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_recovery & TCP_RACK_NO_DUPTHRESH)) return 0; } /* To be more reordering resilient, allow min_rtt/4 settling delay. * Use min_rtt instead of the smoothed RTT because reordering is * often a path property and less related to queuing or delayed ACKs. * Upon receiving DSACKs, linearly increase the window up to the * smoothed RTT. */ return min((tcp_min_rtt(tp) >> 2) * tp->rack.reo_wnd_steps, tp->srtt_us >> 3); } s32 tcp_rack_skb_timeout(struct tcp_sock *tp, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 reo_wnd) { return tp->rack.rtt_us + reo_wnd - tcp_stamp_us_delta(tp->tcp_mstamp, tcp_skb_timestamp_us(skb)); } /* RACK loss detection (IETF draft draft-ietf-tcpm-rack-01): * * Marks a packet lost, if some packet sent later has been (s)acked. * The underlying idea is similar to the traditional dupthresh and FACK * but they look at different metrics: * * dupthresh: 3 OOO packets delivered (packet count) * FACK: sequence delta to highest sacked sequence (sequence space) * RACK: sent time delta to the latest delivered packet (time domain) * * The advantage of RACK is it applies to both original and retransmitted * packet and therefore is robust against tail losses. Another advantage * is being more resilient to reordering by simply allowing some * "settling delay", instead of tweaking the dupthresh. * * When tcp_rack_detect_loss() detects some packets are lost and we * are not already in the CA_Recovery state, either tcp_rack_reo_timeout() * or tcp_time_to_recover()'s "Trick#1: the loss is proven" code path will * make us enter the CA_Recovery state. */ static void tcp_rack_detect_loss(struct sock *sk, u32 *reo_timeout) { struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); struct sk_buff *skb, *n; u32 reo_wnd; *reo_timeout = 0; reo_wnd = tcp_rack_reo_wnd(sk); list_for_each_entry_safe(skb, n, &tp->tsorted_sent_queue, tcp_tsorted_anchor) { struct tcp_skb_cb *scb = TCP_SKB_CB(skb); s32 remaining; /* Skip ones marked lost but not yet retransmitted */ if ((scb->sacked & TCPCB_LOST) && !(scb->sacked & TCPCB_SACKED_RETRANS)) continue; if (!tcp_rack_sent_after(tp->rack.mstamp, tcp_skb_timestamp_us(skb), tp->rack.end_seq, scb->end_seq)) break; /* A packet is lost if it has not been s/acked beyond * the recent RTT plus the reordering window. */ remaining = tcp_rack_skb_timeout(tp, skb, reo_wnd); if (remaining <= 0) { tcp_mark_skb_lost(sk, skb); list_del_init(&skb->tcp_tsorted_anchor); } else { /* Record maximum wait time */ *reo_timeout = max_t(u32, *reo_timeout, remaining); } } } bool tcp_rack_mark_lost(struct sock *sk) { struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); u32 timeout; if (!tp->rack.advanced) return false; /* Reset the advanced flag to avoid unnecessary queue scanning */ tp->rack.advanced = 0; tcp_rack_detect_loss(sk, &timeout); if (timeout) { timeout = usecs_to_jiffies(timeout) + TCP_TIMEOUT_MIN; inet_csk_reset_xmit_timer(sk, ICSK_TIME_REO_TIMEOUT, timeout, inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto); } return !!timeout; } /* Record the most recently (re)sent time among the (s)acked packets * This is "Step 3: Advance RACK.xmit_time and update RACK.RTT" from * draft-cheng-tcpm-rack-00.txt */ void tcp_rack_advance(struct tcp_sock *tp, u8 sacked, u32 end_seq, u64 xmit_time) { u32 rtt_us; rtt_us = tcp_stamp_us_delta(tp->tcp_mstamp, xmit_time); if (rtt_us < tcp_min_rtt(tp) && (sacked & TCPCB_RETRANS)) { /* If the sacked packet was retransmitted, it's ambiguous * whether the retransmission or the original (or the prior * retransmission) was sacked. * * If the original is lost, there is no ambiguity. Otherwise * we assume the original can be delayed up to aRTT + min_rtt. * the aRTT term is bounded by the fast recovery or timeout, * so it's at least one RTT (i.e., retransmission is at least * an RTT later). */ return; } tp->rack.advanced = 1; tp->rack.rtt_us = rtt_us; if (tcp_rack_sent_after(xmit_time, tp->rack.mstamp, end_seq, tp->rack.end_seq)) { tp->rack.mstamp = xmit_time; tp->rack.end_seq = end_seq; } } /* We have waited long enough to accommodate reordering. Mark the expired * packets lost and retransmit them. */ void tcp_rack_reo_timeout(struct sock *sk) { struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); u32 timeout, prior_inflight; prior_inflight = tcp_packets_in_flight(tp); tcp_rack_detect_loss(sk, &timeout); if (prior_inflight != tcp_packets_in_flight(tp)) { if (inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_state != TCP_CA_Recovery) { tcp_enter_recovery(sk, false); if (!inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_ops->cong_control) tcp_cwnd_reduction(sk, 1, 0); } tcp_xmit_retransmit_queue(sk); } if (inet_csk(sk)->icsk_pending != ICSK_TIME_RETRANS) tcp_rearm_rto(sk); } /* Updates the RACK's reo_wnd based on DSACK and no. of recoveries. * * If DSACK is received, increment reo_wnd by min_rtt/4 (upper bounded * by srtt), since there is possibility that spurious retransmission was * due to reordering delay longer than reo_wnd. * * Persist the current reo_wnd value for TCP_RACK_RECOVERY_THRESH (16) * no. of successful recoveries (accounts for full DSACK-based loss * recovery undo). After that, reset it to default (min_rtt/4). * * At max, reo_wnd is incremented only once per rtt. So that the new * DSACK on which we are reacting, is due to the spurious retx (approx) * after the reo_wnd has been updated last time. * * reo_wnd is tracked in terms of steps (of min_rtt/4), rather than * absolute value to account for change in rtt. */ void tcp_rack_update_reo_wnd(struct sock *sk, struct rate_sample *rs) { struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); if (sock_net(sk)->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_recovery & TCP_RACK_STATIC_REO_WND || !rs->prior_delivered) return; /* Disregard DSACK if a rtt has not passed since we adjusted reo_wnd */ if (before(rs->prior_delivered, tp->rack.last_delivered)) tp->rack.dsack_seen = 0; /* Adjust the reo_wnd if update is pending */ if (tp->rack.dsack_seen) { tp->rack.reo_wnd_steps = min_t(u32, 0xFF, tp->rack.reo_wnd_steps + 1); tp->rack.dsack_seen = 0; tp->rack.last_delivered = tp->delivered; tp->rack.reo_wnd_persist = TCP_RACK_RECOVERY_THRESH; } else if (!tp->rack.reo_wnd_persist) { tp->rack.reo_wnd_steps = 1; } } /* RFC6582 NewReno recovery for non-SACK connection. It simply retransmits * the next unacked packet upon receiving * a) three or more DUPACKs to start the fast recovery * b) an ACK acknowledging new data during the fast recovery. */ void tcp_newreno_mark_lost(struct sock *sk, bool snd_una_advanced) { const u8 state = inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_state; struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); if ((state < TCP_CA_Recovery && tp->sacked_out >= tp->reordering) || (state == TCP_CA_Recovery && snd_una_advanced)) { struct sk_buff *skb = tcp_rtx_queue_head(sk); u32 mss; if (TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->sacked & TCPCB_LOST) return; mss = tcp_skb_mss(skb); if (tcp_skb_pcount(skb) > 1 && skb->len > mss) tcp_fragment(sk, TCP_FRAG_IN_RTX_QUEUE, skb, mss, mss, GFP_ATOMIC); tcp_mark_skb_lost(sk, skb); } }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the TCP protocol. * * Version: @(#)tcp.h 1.0.2 04/28/93 * * Author: Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _LINUX_TCP_H #define _LINUX_TCP_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/win_minmax.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/inet_connection_sock.h> #include <net/inet_timewait_sock.h> #include <uapi/linux/tcp.h> static inline struct tcphdr *tcp_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct tcphdr *)skb_transport_header(skb); } static inline unsigned int __tcp_hdrlen(const struct tcphdr *th) { return th->doff * 4; } static inline unsigned int tcp_hdrlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return __tcp_hdrlen(tcp_hdr(skb)); } static inline struct tcphdr *inner_tcp_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct tcphdr *)skb_inner_transport_header(skb); } static inline unsigned int inner_tcp_hdrlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return inner_tcp_hdr(skb)->doff * 4; } static inline unsigned int tcp_optlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (tcp_hdr(skb)->doff - 5) * 4; } /* TCP Fast Open */ #define TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_MIN 4 /* Min Fast Open Cookie size in bytes */ #define TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_MAX 16 /* Max Fast Open Cookie size in bytes */ #define TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_SIZE 8 /* the size employed by this impl. */ /* TCP Fast Open Cookie as stored in memory */ struct tcp_fastopen_cookie { __le64 val[DIV_ROUND_UP(TCP_FASTOPEN_COOKIE_MAX, sizeof(u64))]; s8 len; bool exp; /* In RFC6994 experimental option format */ }; /* This defines a selective acknowledgement block. */ struct tcp_sack_block_wire { __be32 start_seq; __be32 end_seq; }; struct tcp_sack_block { u32 start_seq; u32 end_seq; }; /*These are used to set the sack_ok field in struct tcp_options_received */ #define TCP_SACK_SEEN (1 << 0) /*1 = peer is SACK capable, */ #define TCP_DSACK_SEEN (1 << 2) /*1 = DSACK was received from peer*/ struct tcp_options_received { /* PAWS/RTTM data */ int ts_recent_stamp;/* Time we stored ts_recent (for aging) */ u32 ts_recent; /* Time stamp to echo next */ u32 rcv_tsval; /* Time stamp value */ u32 rcv_tsecr; /* Time stamp echo reply */ u16 saw_tstamp : 1, /* Saw TIMESTAMP on last packet */ tstamp_ok : 1, /* TIMESTAMP seen on SYN packet */ dsack : 1, /* D-SACK is scheduled */ wscale_ok : 1, /* Wscale seen on SYN packet */ sack_ok : 3, /* SACK seen on SYN packet */ smc_ok : 1, /* SMC seen on SYN packet */ snd_wscale : 4, /* Window scaling received from sender */ rcv_wscale : 4; /* Window scaling to send to receiver */ u8 saw_unknown:1, /* Received unknown option */ unused:7; u8 num_sacks; /* Number of SACK blocks */ u16 user_mss; /* mss requested by user in ioctl */ u16 mss_clamp; /* Maximal mss, negotiated at connection setup */ }; static inline void tcp_clear_options(struct tcp_options_received *rx_opt) { rx_opt->tstamp_ok = rx_opt->sack_ok = 0; rx_opt->wscale_ok = rx_opt->snd_wscale = 0; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMC) rx_opt->smc_ok = 0; #endif } /* This is the max number of SACKS that we'll generate and process. It's safe * to increase this, although since: * size = TCPOLEN_SACK_BASE_ALIGNED (4) + n * TCPOLEN_SACK_PERBLOCK (8) * only four options will fit in a standard TCP header */ #define TCP_NUM_SACKS 4 struct tcp_request_sock_ops; struct tcp_request_sock { struct inet_request_sock req; const struct tcp_request_sock_ops *af_specific; u64 snt_synack; /* first SYNACK sent time */ bool tfo_listener; bool is_mptcp; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPTCP) bool drop_req; #endif u32 txhash; u32 rcv_isn; u32 snt_isn; u32 ts_off; u32 last_oow_ack_time; /* last SYNACK */ u32 rcv_nxt; /* the ack # by SYNACK. For * FastOpen it's the seq# * after data-in-SYN. */ u8 syn_tos; }; static inline struct tcp_request_sock *tcp_rsk(const struct request_sock *req) { return (struct tcp_request_sock *)req; } struct tcp_sock { /* inet_connection_sock has to be the first member of tcp_sock */ struct inet_connection_sock inet_conn; u16 tcp_header_len; /* Bytes of tcp header to send */ u16 gso_segs; /* Max number of segs per GSO packet */ /* * Header prediction flags * 0x5?10 << 16 + snd_wnd in net byte order */ __be32 pred_flags; /* * RFC793 variables by their proper names. This means you can * read the code and the spec side by side (and laugh ...) * See RFC793 and RFC1122. The RFC writes these in capitals. */ u64 bytes_received; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsAppHCThruOctetsReceived * sum(delta(rcv_nxt)), or how many bytes * were acked. */ u32 segs_in; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfSegsIn * total number of segments in. */ u32 data_segs_in; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfDataSegsIn * total number of data segments in. */ u32 rcv_nxt; /* What we want to receive next */ u32 copied_seq; /* Head of yet unread data */ u32 rcv_wup; /* rcv_nxt on last window update sent */ u32 snd_nxt; /* Next sequence we send */ u32 segs_out; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfSegsOut * The total number of segments sent. */ u32 data_segs_out; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfDataSegsOut * total number of data segments sent. */ u64 bytes_sent; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfHCDataOctetsOut * total number of data bytes sent. */ u64 bytes_acked; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsAppHCThruOctetsAcked * sum(delta(snd_una)), or how many bytes * were acked. */ u32 dsack_dups; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsStackDSACKDups * total number of DSACK blocks received */ u32 snd_una; /* First byte we want an ack for */ u32 snd_sml; /* Last byte of the most recently transmitted small packet */ u32 rcv_tstamp; /* timestamp of last received ACK (for keepalives) */ u32 lsndtime; /* timestamp of last sent data packet (for restart window) */ u32 last_oow_ack_time; /* timestamp of last out-of-window ACK */ u32 compressed_ack_rcv_nxt; u32 tsoffset; /* timestamp offset */ struct list_head tsq_node; /* anchor in tsq_tasklet.head list */ struct list_head tsorted_sent_queue; /* time-sorted sent but un-SACKed skbs */ u32 snd_wl1; /* Sequence for window update */ u32 snd_wnd; /* The window we expect to receive */ u32 max_window; /* Maximal window ever seen from peer */ u32 mss_cache; /* Cached effective mss, not including SACKS */ u32 window_clamp; /* Maximal window to advertise */ u32 rcv_ssthresh; /* Current window clamp */ /* Information of the most recently (s)acked skb */ struct tcp_rack { u64 mstamp; /* (Re)sent time of the skb */ u32 rtt_us; /* Associated RTT */ u32 end_seq; /* Ending TCP sequence of the skb */ u32 last_delivered; /* tp->delivered at last reo_wnd adj */ u8 reo_wnd_steps; /* Allowed reordering window */ #define TCP_RACK_RECOVERY_THRESH 16 u8 reo_wnd_persist:5, /* No. of recovery since last adj */ dsack_seen:1, /* Whether DSACK seen after last adj */ advanced:1; /* mstamp advanced since last lost marking */ } rack; u16 advmss; /* Advertised MSS */ u8 compressed_ack; u8 dup_ack_counter:2, tlp_retrans:1, /* TLP is a retransmission */ unused:5; u32 chrono_start; /* Start time in jiffies of a TCP chrono */ u32 chrono_stat[3]; /* Time in jiffies for chrono_stat stats */ u8 chrono_type:2, /* current chronograph type */ rate_app_limited:1, /* rate_{delivered,interval_us} limited? */ fastopen_connect:1, /* FASTOPEN_CONNECT sockopt */ fastopen_no_cookie:1, /* Allow send/recv SYN+data without a cookie */ is_sack_reneg:1, /* in recovery from loss with SACK reneg? */ fastopen_client_fail:2; /* reason why fastopen failed */ u8 nonagle : 4,/* Disable Nagle algorithm? */ thin_lto : 1,/* Use linear timeouts for thin streams */ recvmsg_inq : 1,/* Indicate # of bytes in queue upon recvmsg */ repair : 1, frto : 1;/* F-RTO (RFC5682) activated in CA_Loss */ u8 repair_queue; u8 save_syn:2, /* Save headers of SYN packet */ syn_data:1, /* SYN includes data */ syn_fastopen:1, /* SYN includes Fast Open option */ syn_fastopen_exp:1,/* SYN includes Fast Open exp. option */ syn_fastopen_ch:1, /* Active TFO re-enabling probe */ syn_data_acked:1,/* data in SYN is acked by SYN-ACK */ is_cwnd_limited:1;/* forward progress limited by snd_cwnd? */ u32 tlp_high_seq; /* snd_nxt at the time of TLP */ u32 tcp_tx_delay; /* delay (in usec) added to TX packets */ u64 tcp_wstamp_ns; /* departure time for next sent data packet */ u64 tcp_clock_cache; /* cache last tcp_clock_ns() (see tcp_mstamp_refresh()) */ /* RTT measurement */ u64 tcp_mstamp; /* most recent packet received/sent */ u32 srtt_us; /* smoothed round trip time << 3 in usecs */ u32 mdev_us; /* medium deviation */ u32 mdev_max_us; /* maximal mdev for the last rtt period */ u32 rttvar_us; /* smoothed mdev_max */ u32 rtt_seq; /* sequence number to update rttvar */ struct minmax rtt_min; u32 packets_out; /* Packets which are "in flight" */ u32 retrans_out; /* Retransmitted packets out */ u32 max_packets_out; /* max packets_out in last window */ u32 max_packets_seq; /* right edge of max_packets_out flight */ u16 urg_data; /* Saved octet of OOB data and control flags */ u8 ecn_flags; /* ECN status bits. */ u8 keepalive_probes; /* num of allowed keep alive probes */ u32 reordering; /* Packet reordering metric. */ u32 reord_seen; /* number of data packet reordering events */ u32 snd_up; /* Urgent pointer */ /* * Options received (usually on last packet, some only on SYN packets). */ struct tcp_options_received rx_opt; /* * Slow start and congestion control (see also Nagle, and Karn & Partridge) */ u32 snd_ssthresh; /* Slow start size threshold */ u32 snd_cwnd; /* Sending congestion window */ u32 snd_cwnd_cnt; /* Linear increase counter */ u32 snd_cwnd_clamp; /* Do not allow snd_cwnd to grow above this */ u32 snd_cwnd_used; u32 snd_cwnd_stamp; u32 prior_cwnd; /* cwnd right before starting loss recovery */ u32 prr_delivered; /* Number of newly delivered packets to * receiver in Recovery. */ u32 prr_out; /* Total number of pkts sent during Recovery. */ u32 delivered; /* Total data packets delivered incl. rexmits */ u32 delivered_ce; /* Like the above but only ECE marked packets */ u32 lost; /* Total data packets lost incl. rexmits */ u32 app_limited; /* limited until "delivered" reaches this val */ u64 first_tx_mstamp; /* start of window send phase */ u64 delivered_mstamp; /* time we reached "delivered" */ u32 rate_delivered; /* saved rate sample: packets delivered */ u32 rate_interval_us; /* saved rate sample: time elapsed */ u32 rcv_wnd; /* Current receiver window */ u32 write_seq; /* Tail(+1) of data held in tcp send buffer */ u32 notsent_lowat; /* TCP_NOTSENT_LOWAT */ u32 pushed_seq; /* Last pushed seq, required to talk to windows */ u32 lost_out; /* Lost packets */ u32 sacked_out; /* SACK'd packets */ struct hrtimer pacing_timer; struct hrtimer compressed_ack_timer; /* from STCP, retrans queue hinting */ struct sk_buff* lost_skb_hint; struct sk_buff *retransmit_skb_hint; /* OOO segments go in this rbtree. Socket lock must be held. */ struct rb_root out_of_order_queue; struct sk_buff *ooo_last_skb; /* cache rb_last(out_of_order_queue) */ /* SACKs data, these 2 need to be together (see tcp_options_write) */ struct tcp_sack_block duplicate_sack[1]; /* D-SACK block */ struct tcp_sack_block selective_acks[4]; /* The SACKS themselves*/ struct tcp_sack_block recv_sack_cache[4]; struct sk_buff *highest_sack; /* skb just after the highest * skb with SACKed bit set * (validity guaranteed only if * sacked_out > 0) */ int lost_cnt_hint; u32 prior_ssthresh; /* ssthresh saved at recovery start */ u32 high_seq; /* snd_nxt at onset of congestion */ u32 retrans_stamp; /* Timestamp of the last retransmit, * also used in SYN-SENT to remember stamp of * the first SYN. */ u32 undo_marker; /* snd_una upon a new recovery episode. */ int undo_retrans; /* number of undoable retransmissions. */ u64 bytes_retrans; /* RFC4898 tcpEStatsPerfOctetsRetrans * Total data bytes retransmitted */ u32 total_retrans; /* Total retransmits for entire connection */ u32 urg_seq; /* Seq of received urgent pointer */ unsigned int keepalive_time; /* time before keep alive takes place */ unsigned int keepalive_intvl; /* time interval between keep alive probes */ int linger2; /* Sock_ops bpf program related variables */ #ifdef CONFIG_BPF u8 bpf_sock_ops_cb_flags; /* Control calling BPF programs * values defined in uapi/linux/tcp.h */ #define BPF_SOCK_OPS_TEST_FLAG(TP, ARG) (TP->bpf_sock_ops_cb_flags & ARG) #else #define BPF_SOCK_OPS_TEST_FLAG(TP, ARG) 0 #endif u16 timeout_rehash; /* Timeout-triggered rehash attempts */ u32 rcv_ooopack; /* Received out-of-order packets, for tcpinfo */ /* Receiver side RTT estimation */ u32 rcv_rtt_last_tsecr; struct { u32 rtt_us; u32 seq; u64 time; } rcv_rtt_est; /* Receiver queue space */ struct { u32 space; u32 seq; u64 time; } rcvq_space; /* TCP-specific MTU probe information. */ struct { u32 probe_seq_start; u32 probe_seq_end; } mtu_probe; u32 mtu_info; /* We received an ICMP_FRAG_NEEDED / ICMPV6_PKT_TOOBIG * while socket was owned by user. */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPTCP) bool is_mptcp; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMC) bool syn_smc; /* SYN includes SMC */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG /* TCP AF-Specific parts; only used by MD5 Signature support so far */ const struct tcp_sock_af_ops *af_specific; /* TCP MD5 Signature Option information */ struct tcp_md5sig_info __rcu *md5sig_info; #endif /* TCP fastopen related information */ struct tcp_fastopen_request *fastopen_req; /* fastopen_rsk points to request_sock that resulted in this big * socket. Used to retransmit SYNACKs etc. */ struct request_sock __rcu *fastopen_rsk; struct saved_syn *saved_syn; }; enum tsq_enum { TSQ_THROTTLED, TSQ_QUEUED, TCP_TSQ_DEFERRED, /* tcp_tasklet_func() found socket was owned */ TCP_WRITE_TIMER_DEFERRED, /* tcp_write_timer() found socket was owned */ TCP_DELACK_TIMER_DEFERRED, /* tcp_delack_timer() found socket was owned */ TCP_MTU_REDUCED_DEFERRED, /* tcp_v{4|6}_err() could not call * tcp_v{4|6}_mtu_reduced() */ }; enum tsq_flags { TSQF_THROTTLED = (1UL << TSQ_THROTTLED), TSQF_QUEUED = (1UL << TSQ_QUEUED), TCPF_TSQ_DEFERRED = (1UL << TCP_TSQ_DEFERRED), TCPF_WRITE_TIMER_DEFERRED = (1UL << TCP_WRITE_TIMER_DEFERRED), TCPF_DELACK_TIMER_DEFERRED = (1UL << TCP_DELACK_TIMER_DEFERRED), TCPF_MTU_REDUCED_DEFERRED = (1UL << TCP_MTU_REDUCED_DEFERRED), }; static inline struct tcp_sock *tcp_sk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct tcp_sock *)sk; } struct tcp_timewait_sock { struct inet_timewait_sock tw_sk; #define tw_rcv_nxt tw_sk.__tw_common.skc_tw_rcv_nxt #define tw_snd_nxt tw_sk.__tw_common.skc_tw_snd_nxt u32 tw_rcv_wnd; u32 tw_ts_offset; u32 tw_ts_recent; /* The time we sent the last out-of-window ACK: */ u32 tw_last_oow_ack_time; int tw_ts_recent_stamp; u32 tw_tx_delay; #ifdef CONFIG_TCP_MD5SIG struct tcp_md5sig_key *tw_md5_key; #endif }; static inline struct tcp_timewait_sock *tcp_twsk(const struct sock *sk) { return (struct tcp_timewait_sock *)sk; } static inline bool tcp_passive_fastopen(const struct sock *sk) { return sk->sk_state == TCP_SYN_RECV && rcu_access_pointer(tcp_sk(sk)->fastopen_rsk) != NULL; } static inline void fastopen_queue_tune(struct sock *sk, int backlog) { struct request_sock_queue *queue = &inet_csk(sk)->icsk_accept_queue; int somaxconn = READ_ONCE(sock_net(sk)->core.sysctl_somaxconn); queue->fastopenq.max_qlen = min_t(unsigned int, backlog, somaxconn); } static inline void tcp_move_syn(struct tcp_sock *tp, struct request_sock *req) { tp->saved_syn = req->saved_syn; req->saved_syn = NULL; } static inline void tcp_saved_syn_free(struct tcp_sock *tp) { kfree(tp->saved_syn); tp->saved_syn = NULL; } static inline u32 tcp_saved_syn_len(const struct saved_syn *saved_syn) { return saved_syn->mac_hdrlen + saved_syn->network_hdrlen + saved_syn->tcp_hdrlen; } struct sk_buff *tcp_get_timestamping_opt_stats(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *orig_skb); static inline u16 tcp_mss_clamp(const struct tcp_sock *tp, u16 mss) { /* We use READ_ONCE() here because socket might not be locked. * This happens for listeners. */ u16 user_mss = READ_ONCE(tp->rx_opt.user_mss); return (user_mss && user_mss < mss) ? user_mss : mss; } int tcp_skb_shift(struct sk_buff *to, struct sk_buff *from, int pcount, int shiftlen); void tcp_sock_set_cork(struct sock *sk, bool on); int tcp_sock_set_keepcnt(struct sock *sk, int val); int tcp_sock_set_keepidle_locked(struct sock *sk, int val); int tcp_sock_set_keepidle(struct sock *sk, int val); int tcp_sock_set_keepintvl(struct sock *sk, int val); void tcp_sock_set_nodelay(struct sock *sk); void tcp_sock_set_quickack(struct sock *sk, int val); int tcp_sock_set_syncnt(struct sock *sk, int val); void tcp_sock_set_user_timeout(struct sock *sk, u32 val); #endif /* _LINUX_TCP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM io_uring #if !defined(_TRACE_IO_URING_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_IO_URING_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> struct io_wq_work; /** * io_uring_create - called after a new io_uring context was prepared * * @fd: corresponding file descriptor * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @sq_entries: actual SQ size * @cq_entries: actual CQ size * @flags: SQ ring flags, provided to io_uring_setup(2) * * Allows to trace io_uring creation and provide pointer to a context, that can * be used later to find correlated events. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_create, TP_PROTO(int fd, void *ctx, u32 sq_entries, u32 cq_entries, u32 flags), TP_ARGS(fd, ctx, sq_entries, cq_entries, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( int, fd ) __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u32, sq_entries ) __field( u32, cq_entries ) __field( u32, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->fd = fd; __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->sq_entries = sq_entries; __entry->cq_entries = cq_entries; __entry->flags = flags; ), TP_printk("ring %p, fd %d sq size %d, cq size %d, flags %d", __entry->ctx, __entry->fd, __entry->sq_entries, __entry->cq_entries, __entry->flags) ); /** * io_uring_register - called after a buffer/file/eventfd was succesfully * registered for a ring * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @opcode: describes which operation to perform * @nr_user_files: number of registered files * @nr_user_bufs: number of registered buffers * @cq_ev_fd: whether eventfs registered or not * @ret: return code * * Allows to trace fixed files/buffers/eventfds, that could be registered to * avoid an overhead of getting references to them for every operation. This * event, together with io_uring_file_get, can provide a full picture of how * much overhead one can reduce via fixing. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_register, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, unsigned opcode, unsigned nr_files, unsigned nr_bufs, bool eventfd, long ret), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, nr_files, nr_bufs, eventfd, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( unsigned, opcode ) __field( unsigned, nr_files ) __field( unsigned, nr_bufs ) __field( bool, eventfd ) __field( long, ret ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->nr_files = nr_files; __entry->nr_bufs = nr_bufs; __entry->eventfd = eventfd; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("ring %p, opcode %d, nr_user_files %d, nr_user_bufs %d, " "eventfd %d, ret %ld", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, __entry->nr_files, __entry->nr_bufs, __entry->eventfd, __entry->ret) ); /** * io_uring_file_get - called before getting references to an SQE file * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @fd: SQE file descriptor * * Allows to trace out how often an SQE file reference is obtained, which can * help figuring out if it makes sense to use fixed files, or check that fixed * files are used correctly. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_file_get, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, int fd), TP_ARGS(ctx, fd), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( int, fd ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->fd = fd; ), TP_printk("ring %p, fd %d", __entry->ctx, __entry->fd) ); /** * io_uring_queue_async_work - called before submitting a new async work * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @hashed: type of workqueue, hashed or normal * @req: pointer to a submitted request * @work: pointer to a submitted io_wq_work * * Allows to trace asynchronous work submission. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_queue_async_work, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, int rw, void * req, struct io_wq_work *work, unsigned int flags), TP_ARGS(ctx, rw, req, work, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( int, rw ) __field( void *, req ) __field( struct io_wq_work *, work ) __field( unsigned int, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->rw = rw; __entry->req = req; __entry->work = work; __entry->flags = flags; ), TP_printk("ring %p, request %p, flags %d, %s queue, work %p", __entry->ctx, __entry->req, __entry->flags, __entry->rw ? "hashed" : "normal", __entry->work) ); /** * io_uring_defer - called when an io_uring request is deferred * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @req: pointer to a deferred request * @user_data: user data associated with the request * * Allows to track deferred requests, to get an insight about what requests are * not started immediately. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_defer, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, void *req, unsigned long long user_data), TP_ARGS(ctx, req, user_data), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( void *, req ) __field( unsigned long long, data ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->req = req; __entry->data = user_data; ), TP_printk("ring %p, request %p user_data %llu", __entry->ctx, __entry->req, __entry->data) ); /** * io_uring_link - called before the io_uring request added into link_list of * another request * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @req: pointer to a linked request * @target_req: pointer to a previous request, that would contain @req * * Allows to track linked requests, to understand dependencies between requests * and how does it influence their execution flow. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_link, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, void *req, void *target_req), TP_ARGS(ctx, req, target_req), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( void *, req ) __field( void *, target_req ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->req = req; __entry->target_req = target_req; ), TP_printk("ring %p, request %p linked after %p", __entry->ctx, __entry->req, __entry->target_req) ); /** * io_uring_cqring_wait - called before start waiting for an available CQE * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @min_events: minimal number of events to wait for * * Allows to track waiting for CQE, so that we can e.g. troubleshoot * situations, when an application wants to wait for an event, that never * comes. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_cqring_wait, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, int min_events), TP_ARGS(ctx, min_events), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( int, min_events ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->min_events = min_events; ), TP_printk("ring %p, min_events %d", __entry->ctx, __entry->min_events) ); /** * io_uring_fail_link - called before failing a linked request * * @req: request, which links were cancelled * @link: cancelled link * * Allows to track linked requests cancellation, to see not only that some work * was cancelled, but also which request was the reason. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_fail_link, TP_PROTO(void *req, void *link), TP_ARGS(req, link), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, req ) __field( void *, link ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->req = req; __entry->link = link; ), TP_printk("request %p, link %p", __entry->req, __entry->link) ); /** * io_uring_complete - called when completing an SQE * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @user_data: user data associated with the request * @res: result of the request * */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_complete, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u64 user_data, long res), TP_ARGS(ctx, user_data, res), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u64, user_data ) __field( long, res ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->user_data = user_data; __entry->res = res; ), TP_printk("ring %p, user_data 0x%llx, result %ld", __entry->ctx, (unsigned long long)__entry->user_data, __entry->res) ); /** * io_uring_submit_sqe - called before submitting one SQE * * @ctx: pointer to a ring context structure * @opcode: opcode of request * @user_data: user data associated with the request * @force_nonblock: whether a context blocking or not * @sq_thread: true if sq_thread has submitted this SQE * * Allows to track SQE submitting, to understand what was the source of it, SQ * thread or io_uring_enter call. */ TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_submit_sqe, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u8 opcode, u64 user_data, bool force_nonblock, bool sq_thread), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, user_data, force_nonblock, sq_thread), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u8, opcode ) __field( u64, user_data ) __field( bool, force_nonblock ) __field( bool, sq_thread ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->user_data = user_data; __entry->force_nonblock = force_nonblock; __entry->sq_thread = sq_thread; ), TP_printk("ring %p, op %d, data 0x%llx, non block %d, sq_thread %d", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, (unsigned long long) __entry->user_data, __entry->force_nonblock, __entry->sq_thread) ); TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_poll_arm, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u8 opcode, u64 user_data, int mask, int events), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, user_data, mask, events), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u8, opcode ) __field( u64, user_data ) __field( int, mask ) __field( int, events ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->user_data = user_data; __entry->mask = mask; __entry->events = events; ), TP_printk("ring %p, op %d, data 0x%llx, mask 0x%x, events 0x%x", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, (unsigned long long) __entry->user_data, __entry->mask, __entry->events) ); TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_poll_wake, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u8 opcode, u64 user_data, int mask), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, user_data, mask), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u8, opcode ) __field( u64, user_data ) __field( int, mask ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->user_data = user_data; __entry->mask = mask; ), TP_printk("ring %p, op %d, data 0x%llx, mask 0x%x", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, (unsigned long long) __entry->user_data, __entry->mask) ); TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_task_add, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u8 opcode, u64 user_data, int mask), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, user_data, mask), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u8, opcode ) __field( u64, user_data ) __field( int, mask ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->user_data = user_data; __entry->mask = mask; ), TP_printk("ring %p, op %d, data 0x%llx, mask %x", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, (unsigned long long) __entry->user_data, __entry->mask) ); TRACE_EVENT(io_uring_task_run, TP_PROTO(void *ctx, u8 opcode, u64 user_data), TP_ARGS(ctx, opcode, user_data), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( void *, ctx ) __field( u8, opcode ) __field( u64, user_data ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ctx = ctx; __entry->opcode = opcode; __entry->user_data = user_data; ), TP_printk("ring %p, op %d, data 0x%llx", __entry->ctx, __entry->opcode, (unsigned long long) __entry->user_data) ); #endif /* _TRACE_IO_URING_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * A hash table (hashtab) maintains associations between * key values and datum values. The type of the key values * and the type of the datum values is arbitrary. The * functions for hash computation and key comparison are * provided by the creator of the table. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> */ #ifndef _SS_HASHTAB_H_ #define _SS_HASHTAB_H_ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #define HASHTAB_MAX_NODES U32_MAX struct hashtab_key_params { u32 (*hash)(const void *key); /* hash function */ int (*cmp)(const void *key1, const void *key2); /* key comparison function */ }; struct hashtab_node { void *key; void *datum; struct hashtab_node *next; }; struct hashtab { struct hashtab_node **htable; /* hash table */ u32 size; /* number of slots in hash table */ u32 nel; /* number of elements in hash table */ }; struct hashtab_info { u32 slots_used; u32 max_chain_len; }; /* * Initializes a new hash table with the specified characteristics. * * Returns -ENOMEM if insufficient space is available or 0 otherwise. */ int hashtab_init(struct hashtab *h, u32 nel_hint); int __hashtab_insert(struct hashtab *h, struct hashtab_node **dst, void *key, void *datum); /* * Inserts the specified (key, datum) pair into the specified hash table. * * Returns -ENOMEM on memory allocation error, * -EEXIST if there is already an entry with the same key, * -EINVAL for general errors or 0 otherwise. */ static inline int hashtab_insert(struct hashtab *h, void *key, void *datum, struct hashtab_key_params key_params) { u32 hvalue; struct hashtab_node *prev, *cur; cond_resched(); if (!h->size || h->nel == HASHTAB_MAX_NODES) return -EINVAL; hvalue = key_params.hash(key) & (h->size - 1); prev = NULL; cur = h->htable[hvalue]; while (cur) { int cmp = key_params.cmp(key, cur->key); if (cmp == 0) return -EEXIST; if (cmp < 0) break; prev = cur; cur = cur->next; } return __hashtab_insert(h, prev ? &prev->next : &h->htable[hvalue], key, datum); } /* * Searches for the entry with the specified key in the hash table. * * Returns NULL if no entry has the specified key or * the datum of the entry otherwise. */ static inline void *hashtab_search(struct hashtab *h, const void *key, struct hashtab_key_params key_params) { u32 hvalue; struct hashtab_node *cur; if (!h->size) return NULL; hvalue = key_params.hash(key) & (h->size - 1); cur = h->htable[hvalue]; while (cur) { int cmp = key_params.cmp(key, cur->key); if (cmp == 0) return cur->datum; if (cmp < 0) break; cur = cur->next; } return NULL; } /* * Destroys the specified hash table. */ void hashtab_destroy(struct hashtab *h); /* * Applies the specified apply function to (key,datum,args) * for each entry in the specified hash table. * * The order in which the function is applied to the entries * is dependent upon the internal structure of the hash table. * * If apply returns a non-zero status, then hashtab_map will cease * iterating through the hash table and will propagate the error * return to its caller. */ int hashtab_map(struct hashtab *h, int (*apply)(void *k, void *d, void *args), void *args); int hashtab_duplicate(struct hashtab *new, struct hashtab *orig, int (*copy)(struct hashtab_node *new, struct hashtab_node *orig, void *args), int (*destroy)(void *k, void *d, void *args), void *args); /* Fill info with some hash table statistics */ void hashtab_stat(struct hashtab *h, struct hashtab_info *info); #endif /* _SS_HASHTAB_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* File: linux/posix_acl_xattr.h Extended attribute system call representation of Access Control Lists. Copyright (C) 2000 by Andreas Gruenbacher <a.gruenbacher@computer.org> Copyright (C) 2002 SGI - Silicon Graphics, Inc <linux-xfs@oss.sgi.com> */ #ifndef _POSIX_ACL_XATTR_H #define _POSIX_ACL_XATTR_H #include <uapi/linux/xattr.h> #include <uapi/linux/posix_acl_xattr.h> #include <linux/posix_acl.h> static inline size_t posix_acl_xattr_size(int count) { return (sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_header) + (count * sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_entry))); } static inline int posix_acl_xattr_count(size_t size) { if (size < sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_header)) return -1; size -= sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_header); if (size % sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_entry)) return -1; return size / sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_entry); } #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL void posix_acl_fix_xattr_from_user(void *value, size_t size); void posix_acl_fix_xattr_to_user(void *value, size_t size); #else static inline void posix_acl_fix_xattr_from_user(void *value, size_t size) { } static inline void posix_acl_fix_xattr_to_user(void *value, size_t size) { } #endif struct posix_acl *posix_acl_from_xattr(struct user_namespace *user_ns, const void *value, size_t size); int posix_acl_to_xattr(struct user_namespace *user_ns, const struct posix_acl *acl, void *buffer, size_t size); extern const struct xattr_handler posix_acl_access_xattr_handler; extern const struct xattr_handler posix_acl_default_xattr_handler; #endif /* _POSIX_ACL_XATTR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Prevent the compiler from merging or refetching reads or writes. The * compiler is also forbidden from reordering successive instances of * READ_ONCE and WRITE_ONCE, but only when the compiler is aware of some * particular ordering. One way to make the compiler aware of ordering is to * put the two invocations of READ_ONCE or WRITE_ONCE in different C * statements. * * These two macros will also work on aggregate data types like structs or * unions. * * Their two major use cases are: (1) Mediating communication between * process-level code and irq/NMI handlers, all running on the same CPU, * and (2) Ensuring that the compiler does not fold, spindle, or otherwise * mutilate accesses that either do not require ordering or that interact * with an explicit memory barrier or atomic instruction that provides the * required ordering. */ #ifndef __ASM_GENERIC_RWONCE_H #define __ASM_GENERIC_RWONCE_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/compiler_types.h> #include <linux/kasan-checks.h> #include <linux/kcsan-checks.h> /* * Yes, this permits 64-bit accesses on 32-bit architectures. These will * actually be atomic in some cases (namely Armv7 + LPAE), but for others we * rely on the access being split into 2x32-bit accesses for a 32-bit quantity * (e.g. a virtual address) and a strong prevailing wind. */ #define compiletime_assert_rwonce_type(t) \ compiletime_assert(__native_word(t) || sizeof(t) == sizeof(long long), \ "Unsupported access size for {READ,WRITE}_ONCE().") /* * Use __READ_ONCE() instead of READ_ONCE() if you do not require any * atomicity. Note that this may result in tears! */ #ifndef __READ_ONCE #define __READ_ONCE(x) (*(const volatile __unqual_scalar_typeof(x) *)&(x)) #endif #define READ_ONCE(x) \ ({ \ compiletime_assert_rwonce_type(x); \ __READ_ONCE(x); \ }) #define __WRITE_ONCE(x, val) \ do { \ *(volatile typeof(x) *)&(x) = (val); \ } while (0) #define WRITE_ONCE(x, val) \ do { \ compiletime_assert_rwonce_type(x); \ __WRITE_ONCE(x, val); \ } while (0) static __no_sanitize_or_inline unsigned long __read_once_word_nocheck(const void *addr) { return __READ_ONCE(*(unsigned long *)addr); } /* * Use READ_ONCE_NOCHECK() instead of READ_ONCE() if you need to load a * word from memory atomically but without telling KASAN/KCSAN. This is * usually used by unwinding code when walking the stack of a running process. */ #define READ_ONCE_NOCHECK(x) \ ({ \ compiletime_assert(sizeof(x) == sizeof(unsigned long), \ "Unsupported access size for READ_ONCE_NOCHECK()."); \ (typeof(x))__read_once_word_nocheck(&(x)); \ }) static __no_kasan_or_inline unsigned long read_word_at_a_time(const void *addr) { kasan_check_read(addr, 1); return *(unsigned long *)addr; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __ASM_GENERIC_RWONCE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */ #ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_BYTEORDER_LITTLE_ENDIAN_H #define _UAPI_LINUX_BYTEORDER_LITTLE_ENDIAN_H #ifndef __LITTLE_ENDIAN #define __LITTLE_ENDIAN 1234 #endif #ifndef __LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #define __LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #endif #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/swab.h> #define __constant_htonl(x) ((__force __be32)___constant_swab32((x))) #define __constant_ntohl(x) ___constant_swab32((__force __be32)(x)) #define __constant_htons(x) ((__force __be16)___constant_swab16((x))) #define __constant_ntohs(x) ___constant_swab16((__force __be16)(x)) #define __constant_cpu_to_le64(x) ((__force __le64)(__u64)(x)) #define __constant_le64_to_cpu(x) ((__force __u64)(__le64)(x)) #define __constant_cpu_to_le32(x) ((__force __le32)(__u32)(x)) #define __constant_le32_to_cpu(x) ((__force __u32)(__le32)(x)) #define __constant_cpu_to_le16(x) ((__force __le16)(__u16)(x)) #define __constant_le16_to_cpu(x) ((__force __u16)(__le16)(x)) #define __constant_cpu_to_be64(x) ((__force __be64)___constant_swab64((x))) #define __constant_be64_to_cpu(x) ___constant_swab64((__force __u64)(__be64)(x)) #define __constant_cpu_to_be32(x) ((__force __be32)___constant_swab32((x))) #define __constant_be32_to_cpu(x) ___constant_swab32((__force __u32)(__be32)(x)) #define __constant_cpu_to_be16(x) ((__force __be16)___constant_swab16((x))) #define __constant_be16_to_cpu(x) ___constant_swab16((__force __u16)(__be16)(x)) #define __cpu_to_le64(x) ((__force __le64)(__u64)(x)) #define __le64_to_cpu(x) ((__force __u64)(__le64)(x)) #define __cpu_to_le32(x) ((__force __le32)(__u32)(x)) #define __le32_to_cpu(x) ((__force __u32)(__le32)(x)) #define __cpu_to_le16(x) ((__force __le16)(__u16)(x)) #define __le16_to_cpu(x) ((__force __u16)(__le16)(x)) #define __cpu_to_be64(x) ((__force __be64)__swab64((x))) #define __be64_to_cpu(x) __swab64((__force __u64)(__be64)(x)) #define __cpu_to_be32(x) ((__force __be32)__swab32((x))) #define __be32_to_cpu(x) __swab32((__force __u32)(__be32)(x)) #define __cpu_to_be16(x) ((__force __be16)__swab16((x))) #define __be16_to_cpu(x) __swab16((__force __u16)(__be16)(x)) static __always_inline __le64 __cpu_to_le64p(const __u64 *p) { return (__force __le64)*p; } static __always_inline __u64 __le64_to_cpup(const __le64 *p) { return (__force __u64)*p; } static __always_inline __le32 __cpu_to_le32p(const __u32 *p) { return (__force __le32)*p; } static __always_inline __u32 __le32_to_cpup(const __le32 *p) { return (__force __u32)*p; } static __always_inline __le16 __cpu_to_le16p(const __u16 *p) { return (__force __le16)*p; } static __always_inline __u16 __le16_to_cpup(const __le16 *p) { return (__force __u16)*p; } static __always_inline __be64 __cpu_to_be64p(const __u64 *p) { return (__force __be64)__swab64p(p); } static __always_inline __u64 __be64_to_cpup(const __be64 *p) { return __swab64p((__u64 *)p); } static __always_inline __be32 __cpu_to_be32p(const __u32 *p) { return (__force __be32)__swab32p(p); } static __always_inline __u32 __be32_to_cpup(const __be32 *p) { return __swab32p((__u32 *)p); } static __always_inline __be16 __cpu_to_be16p(const __u16 *p) { return (__force __be16)__swab16p(p); } static __always_inline __u16 __be16_to_cpup(const __be16 *p) { return __swab16p((__u16 *)p); } #define __cpu_to_le64s(x) do { (void)(x); } while (0) #define __le64_to_cpus(x) do { (void)(x); } while (0) #define __cpu_to_le32s(x) do { (void)(x); } while (0) #define __le32_to_cpus(x) do { (void)(x); } while (0) #define __cpu_to_le16s(x) do { (void)(x); } while (0) #define __le16_to_cpus(x) do { (void)(x); } while (0) #define __cpu_to_be64s(x) __swab64s((x)) #define __be64_to_cpus(x) __swab64s((x)) #define __cpu_to_be32s(x) __swab32s((x)) #define __be32_to_cpus(x) __swab32s((x)) #define __cpu_to_be16s(x) __swab16s((x)) #define __be16_to_cpus(x) __swab16s((x)) #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_BYTEORDER_LITTLE_ENDIAN_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */ /* * Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion * * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2001 * * Author: Dipankar Sarma <dipankar@in.ibm.com> * * Based on the original work by Paul McKenney <paulmck@vnet.ibm.com> * and inputs from Rusty Russell, Andrea Arcangeli and Andi Kleen. * Papers: * http://www.rdrop.com/users/paulmck/paper/rclockpdcsproof.pdf * http://lse.sourceforge.net/locking/rclock_OLS.2001.05.01c.sc.pdf (OLS2001) * * For detailed explanation of Read-Copy Update mechanism see - * http://lse.sourceforge.net/locking/rcupdate.html * */ #ifndef __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H #define __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/bottom_half.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #define ULONG_CMP_GE(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 >= (a) - (b)) #define ULONG_CMP_LT(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 < (a) - (b)) #define ulong2long(a) (*(long *)(&(a))) #define USHORT_CMP_GE(a, b) (USHRT_MAX / 2 >= (unsigned short)((a) - (b))) #define USHORT_CMP_LT(a, b) (USHRT_MAX / 2 < (unsigned short)((a) - (b))) /* Exported common interfaces */ void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func); void rcu_barrier_tasks(void); void rcu_barrier_tasks_rude(void); void synchronize_rcu(void); #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU void __rcu_read_lock(void); void __rcu_read_unlock(void); /* * Defined as a macro as it is a very low level header included from * areas that don't even know about current. This gives the rcu_read_lock() * nesting depth, but makes sense only if CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU -- in other * types of kernel builds, the rcu_read_lock() nesting depth is unknowable. */ #define rcu_preempt_depth() (current->rcu_read_lock_nesting) #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_RCU #define rcu_read_unlock_strict() do { } while (0) #else void rcu_read_unlock_strict(void); #endif static inline void __rcu_read_lock(void) { preempt_disable(); } static inline void __rcu_read_unlock(void) { preempt_enable(); rcu_read_unlock_strict(); } static inline int rcu_preempt_depth(void) { return 0; } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ /* Internal to kernel */ void rcu_init(void); extern int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly; void rcu_sched_clock_irq(int user); void rcu_report_dead(unsigned int cpu); void rcutree_migrate_callbacks(int cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC void rcu_init_tasks_generic(void); #else static inline void rcu_init_tasks_generic(void) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON void rcu_sysrq_start(void); void rcu_sysrq_end(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON */ static inline void rcu_sysrq_start(void) { } static inline void rcu_sysrq_end(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON */ #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL void rcu_user_enter(void); void rcu_user_exit(void); #else static inline void rcu_user_enter(void) { } static inline void rcu_user_exit(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL */ #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU void rcu_init_nohz(void); void rcu_nocb_flush_deferred_wakeup(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */ static inline void rcu_init_nohz(void) { } static inline void rcu_nocb_flush_deferred_wakeup(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */ /** * RCU_NONIDLE - Indicate idle-loop code that needs RCU readers * @a: Code that RCU needs to pay attention to. * * RCU read-side critical sections are forbidden in the inner idle loop, * that is, between the rcu_idle_enter() and the rcu_idle_exit() -- RCU * will happily ignore any such read-side critical sections. However, * things like powertop need tracepoints in the inner idle loop. * * This macro provides the way out: RCU_NONIDLE(do_something_with_RCU()) * will tell RCU that it needs to pay attention, invoke its argument * (in this example, calling the do_something_with_RCU() function), * and then tell RCU to go back to ignoring this CPU. It is permissible * to nest RCU_NONIDLE() wrappers, but not indefinitely (but the limit is * on the order of a million or so, even on 32-bit systems). It is * not legal to block within RCU_NONIDLE(), nor is it permissible to * transfer control either into or out of RCU_NONIDLE()'s statement. */ #define RCU_NONIDLE(a) \ do { \ rcu_irq_enter_irqson(); \ do { a; } while (0); \ rcu_irq_exit_irqson(); \ } while (0) /* * Note a quasi-voluntary context switch for RCU-tasks's benefit. * This is a macro rather than an inline function to avoid #include hell. */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC # ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU # define rcu_tasks_classic_qs(t, preempt) \ do { \ if (!(preempt) && READ_ONCE((t)->rcu_tasks_holdout)) \ WRITE_ONCE((t)->rcu_tasks_holdout, false); \ } while (0) void call_rcu_tasks(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func); void synchronize_rcu_tasks(void); # else # define rcu_tasks_classic_qs(t, preempt) do { } while (0) # define call_rcu_tasks call_rcu # define synchronize_rcu_tasks synchronize_rcu # endif # ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU # define rcu_tasks_trace_qs(t) \ do { \ if (!likely(READ_ONCE((t)->trc_reader_checked)) && \ !unlikely(READ_ONCE((t)->trc_reader_nesting))) { \ smp_store_release(&(t)->trc_reader_checked, true); \ smp_mb(); /* Readers partitioned by store. */ \ } \ } while (0) # else # define rcu_tasks_trace_qs(t) do { } while (0) # endif #define rcu_tasks_qs(t, preempt) \ do { \ rcu_tasks_classic_qs((t), (preempt)); \ rcu_tasks_trace_qs((t)); \ } while (0) # ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RUDE_RCU void call_rcu_tasks_rude(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func); void synchronize_rcu_tasks_rude(void); # endif #define rcu_note_voluntary_context_switch(t) rcu_tasks_qs(t, false) void exit_tasks_rcu_start(void); void exit_tasks_rcu_finish(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC */ #define rcu_tasks_qs(t, preempt) do { } while (0) #define rcu_note_voluntary_context_switch(t) do { } while (0) #define call_rcu_tasks call_rcu #define synchronize_rcu_tasks synchronize_rcu static inline void exit_tasks_rcu_start(void) { } static inline void exit_tasks_rcu_finish(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC */ /** * cond_resched_tasks_rcu_qs - Report potential quiescent states to RCU * * This macro resembles cond_resched(), except that it is defined to * report potential quiescent states to RCU-tasks even if the cond_resched() * machinery were to be shut off, as some advocate for PREEMPTION kernels. */ #define cond_resched_tasks_rcu_qs() \ do { \ rcu_tasks_qs(current, false); \ cond_resched(); \ } while (0) /* * Infrastructure to implement the synchronize_() primitives in * TREE_RCU and rcu_barrier_() primitives in TINY_RCU. */ #if defined(CONFIG_TREE_RCU) #include <linux/rcutree.h> #elif defined(CONFIG_TINY_RCU) #include <linux/rcutiny.h> #else #error "Unknown RCU implementation specified to kernel configuration" #endif /* * The init_rcu_head_on_stack() and destroy_rcu_head_on_stack() calls * are needed for dynamic initialization and destruction of rcu_head * on the stack, and init_rcu_head()/destroy_rcu_head() are needed for * dynamic initialization and destruction of statically allocated rcu_head * structures. However, rcu_head structures allocated dynamically in the * heap don't need any initialization. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD void init_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head); void destroy_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head); void init_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head); void destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head); #else /* !CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD */ static inline void init_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head) { } static inline void destroy_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head) { } static inline void init_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head) { } static inline void destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head) { } #endif /* #else !CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD */ #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) bool rcu_lockdep_current_cpu_online(void); #else /* #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) */ static inline bool rcu_lockdep_current_cpu_online(void) { return true; } #endif /* #else #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC static inline void rcu_lock_acquire(struct lockdep_map *map) { lock_acquire(map, 0, 0, 2, 0, NULL, _THIS_IP_); } static inline void rcu_lock_release(struct lockdep_map *map) { lock_release(map, _THIS_IP_); } extern struct lockdep_map rcu_lock_map; extern struct lockdep_map rcu_bh_lock_map; extern struct lockdep_map rcu_sched_lock_map; extern struct lockdep_map rcu_callback_map; int debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled(void); int rcu_read_lock_held(void); int rcu_read_lock_bh_held(void); int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void); int rcu_read_lock_any_held(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */ # define rcu_lock_acquire(a) do { } while (0) # define rcu_lock_release(a) do { } while (0) static inline int rcu_read_lock_held(void) { return 1; } static inline int rcu_read_lock_bh_held(void) { return 1; } static inline int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void) { return !preemptible(); } static inline int rcu_read_lock_any_held(void) { return !preemptible(); } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU /** * RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN - emit lockdep splat if specified condition is met * @c: condition to check * @s: informative message */ #define RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(c, s) \ do { \ static bool __section(".data.unlikely") __warned; \ if ((c) && debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() && !__warned) { \ __warned = true; \ lockdep_rcu_suspicious(__FILE__, __LINE__, s); \ } \ } while (0) #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) && !defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU) static inline void rcu_preempt_sleep_check(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map), "Illegal context switch in RCU read-side critical section"); } #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ static inline void rcu_preempt_sleep_check(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ #define rcu_sleep_check() \ do { \ rcu_preempt_sleep_check(); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map), \ "Illegal context switch in RCU-bh read-side critical section"); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map), \ "Illegal context switch in RCU-sched read-side critical section"); \ } while (0) #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ #define RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(c, s) do { } while (0) #define rcu_sleep_check() do { } while (0) #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ /* * Helper functions for rcu_dereference_check(), rcu_dereference_protected() * and rcu_assign_pointer(). Some of these could be folded into their * callers, but they are left separate in order to ease introduction of * multiple pointers markings to match different RCU implementations * (e.g., __srcu), should this make sense in the future. */ #ifdef __CHECKER__ #define rcu_check_sparse(p, space) \ ((void)(((typeof(*p) space *)p) == p)) #else /* #ifdef __CHECKER__ */ #define rcu_check_sparse(p, space) #endif /* #else #ifdef __CHECKER__ */ #define __rcu_access_pointer(p, space) \ ({ \ typeof(*p) *_________p1 = (typeof(*p) *__force)READ_ONCE(p); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, space); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(_________p1)); \ }) #define __rcu_dereference_check(p, c, space) \ ({ \ /* Dependency order vs. p above. */ \ typeof(*p) *________p1 = (typeof(*p) *__force)READ_ONCE(p); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(c), "suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage"); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, space); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(________p1)); \ }) #define __rcu_dereference_protected(p, c, space) \ ({ \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(c), "suspicious rcu_dereference_protected() usage"); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, space); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(p)); \ }) #define rcu_dereference_raw(p) \ ({ \ /* Dependency order vs. p above. */ \ typeof(p) ________p1 = READ_ONCE(p); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(________p1)); \ }) /** * RCU_INITIALIZER() - statically initialize an RCU-protected global variable * @v: The value to statically initialize with. */ #define RCU_INITIALIZER(v) (typeof(*(v)) __force __rcu *)(v) /** * rcu_assign_pointer() - assign to RCU-protected pointer * @p: pointer to assign to * @v: value to assign (publish) * * Assigns the specified value to the specified RCU-protected * pointer, ensuring that any concurrent RCU readers will see * any prior initialization. * * Inserts memory barriers on architectures that require them * (which is most of them), and also prevents the compiler from * reordering the code that initializes the structure after the pointer * assignment. More importantly, this call documents which pointers * will be dereferenced by RCU read-side code. * * In some special cases, you may use RCU_INIT_POINTER() instead * of rcu_assign_pointer(). RCU_INIT_POINTER() is a bit faster due * to the fact that it does not constrain either the CPU or the compiler. * That said, using RCU_INIT_POINTER() when you should have used * rcu_assign_pointer() is a very bad thing that results in * impossible-to-diagnose memory corruption. So please be careful. * See the RCU_INIT_POINTER() comment header for details. * * Note that rcu_assign_pointer() evaluates each of its arguments only * once, appearances notwithstanding. One of the "extra" evaluations * is in typeof() and the other visible only to sparse (__CHECKER__), * neither of which actually execute the argument. As with most cpp * macros, this execute-arguments-only-once property is important, so * please be careful when making changes to rcu_assign_pointer() and the * other macros that it invokes. */ #define rcu_assign_pointer(p, v) \ do { \ uintptr_t _r_a_p__v = (uintptr_t)(v); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, __rcu); \ \ if (__builtin_constant_p(v) && (_r_a_p__v) == (uintptr_t)NULL) \ WRITE_ONCE((p), (typeof(p))(_r_a_p__v)); \ else \ smp_store_release(&p, RCU_INITIALIZER((typeof(p))_r_a_p__v)); \ } while (0) /** * rcu_replace_pointer() - replace an RCU pointer, returning its old value * @rcu_ptr: RCU pointer, whose old value is returned * @ptr: regular pointer * @c: the lockdep conditions under which the dereference will take place * * Perform a replacement, where @rcu_ptr is an RCU-annotated * pointer and @c is the lockdep argument that is passed to the * rcu_dereference_protected() call used to read that pointer. The old * value of @rcu_ptr is returned, and @rcu_ptr is set to @ptr. */ #define rcu_replace_pointer(rcu_ptr, ptr, c) \ ({ \ typeof(ptr) __tmp = rcu_dereference_protected((rcu_ptr), (c)); \ rcu_assign_pointer((rcu_ptr), (ptr)); \ __tmp; \ }) /** * rcu_access_pointer() - fetch RCU pointer with no dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read * * Return the value of the specified RCU-protected pointer, but omit the * lockdep checks for being in an RCU read-side critical section. This is * useful when the value of this pointer is accessed, but the pointer is * not dereferenced, for example, when testing an RCU-protected pointer * against NULL. Although rcu_access_pointer() may also be used in cases * where update-side locks prevent the value of the pointer from changing, * you should instead use rcu_dereference_protected() for this use case. * * It is also permissible to use rcu_access_pointer() when read-side * access to the pointer was removed at least one grace period ago, as * is the case in the context of the RCU callback that is freeing up * the data, or after a synchronize_rcu() returns. This can be useful * when tearing down multi-linked structures after a grace period * has elapsed. */ #define rcu_access_pointer(p) __rcu_access_pointer((p), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_check() - rcu_dereference with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * Do an rcu_dereference(), but check that the conditions under which the * dereference will take place are correct. Typically the conditions * indicate the various locking conditions that should be held at that * point. The check should return true if the conditions are satisfied. * An implicit check for being in an RCU read-side critical section * (rcu_read_lock()) is included. * * For example: * * bar = rcu_dereference_check(foo->bar, lockdep_is_held(&foo->lock)); * * could be used to indicate to lockdep that foo->bar may only be dereferenced * if either rcu_read_lock() is held, or that the lock required to replace * the bar struct at foo->bar is held. * * Note that the list of conditions may also include indications of when a lock * need not be held, for example during initialisation or destruction of the * target struct: * * bar = rcu_dereference_check(foo->bar, lockdep_is_held(&foo->lock) || * atomic_read(&foo->usage) == 0); * * Inserts memory barriers on architectures that require them * (currently only the Alpha), prevents the compiler from refetching * (and from merging fetches), and, more importantly, documents exactly * which pointers are protected by RCU and checks that the pointer is * annotated as __rcu. */ #define rcu_dereference_check(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_check((p), (c) || rcu_read_lock_held(), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_bh_check() - rcu_dereference_bh with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * This is the RCU-bh counterpart to rcu_dereference_check(). */ #define rcu_dereference_bh_check(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_check((p), (c) || rcu_read_lock_bh_held(), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_sched_check() - rcu_dereference_sched with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * This is the RCU-sched counterpart to rcu_dereference_check(). */ #define rcu_dereference_sched_check(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_check((p), (c) || rcu_read_lock_sched_held(), \ __rcu) /* * The tracing infrastructure traces RCU (we want that), but unfortunately * some of the RCU checks causes tracing to lock up the system. * * The no-tracing version of rcu_dereference_raw() must not call * rcu_read_lock_held(). */ #define rcu_dereference_raw_check(p) __rcu_dereference_check((p), 1, __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_protected() - fetch RCU pointer when updates prevented * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * Return the value of the specified RCU-protected pointer, but omit * the READ_ONCE(). This is useful in cases where update-side locks * prevent the value of the pointer from changing. Please note that this * primitive does *not* prevent the compiler from repeating this reference * or combining it with other references, so it should not be used without * protection of appropriate locks. * * This function is only for update-side use. Using this function * when protected only by rcu_read_lock() will result in infrequent * but very ugly failures. */ #define rcu_dereference_protected(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_protected((p), (c), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference() - fetch RCU-protected pointer for dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * This is a simple wrapper around rcu_dereference_check(). */ #define rcu_dereference(p) rcu_dereference_check(p, 0) /** * rcu_dereference_bh() - fetch an RCU-bh-protected pointer for dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work. */ #define rcu_dereference_bh(p) rcu_dereference_bh_check(p, 0) /** * rcu_dereference_sched() - fetch RCU-sched-protected pointer for dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work. */ #define rcu_dereference_sched(p) rcu_dereference_sched_check(p, 0) /** * rcu_pointer_handoff() - Hand off a pointer from RCU to other mechanism * @p: The pointer to hand off * * This is simply an identity function, but it documents where a pointer * is handed off from RCU to some other synchronization mechanism, for * example, reference counting or locking. In C11, it would map to * kill_dependency(). It could be used as follows:: * * rcu_read_lock(); * p = rcu_dereference(gp); * long_lived = is_long_lived(p); * if (long_lived) { * if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(p->refcnt)) * long_lived = false; * else * p = rcu_pointer_handoff(p); * } * rcu_read_unlock(); */ #define rcu_pointer_handoff(p) (p) /** * rcu_read_lock() - mark the beginning of an RCU read-side critical section * * When synchronize_rcu() is invoked on one CPU while other CPUs * are within RCU read-side critical sections, then the * synchronize_rcu() is guaranteed to block until after all the other * CPUs exit their critical sections. Similarly, if call_rcu() is invoked * on one CPU while other CPUs are within RCU read-side critical * sections, invocation of the corresponding RCU callback is deferred * until after the all the other CPUs exit their critical sections. * * Note, however, that RCU callbacks are permitted to run concurrently * with new RCU read-side critical sections. One way that this can happen * is via the following sequence of events: (1) CPU 0 enters an RCU * read-side critical section, (2) CPU 1 invokes call_rcu() to register * an RCU callback, (3) CPU 0 exits the RCU read-side critical section, * (4) CPU 2 enters a RCU read-side critical section, (5) the RCU * callback is invoked. This is legal, because the RCU read-side critical * section that was running concurrently with the call_rcu() (and which * therefore might be referencing something that the corresponding RCU * callback would free up) has completed before the corresponding * RCU callback is invoked. * * RCU read-side critical sections may be nested. Any deferred actions * will be deferred until the outermost RCU read-side critical section * completes. * * You can avoid reading and understanding the next paragraph by * following this rule: don't put anything in an rcu_read_lock() RCU * read-side critical section that would block in a !PREEMPTION kernel. * But if you want the full story, read on! * * In non-preemptible RCU implementations (pure TREE_RCU and TINY_RCU), * it is illegal to block while in an RCU read-side critical section. * In preemptible RCU implementations (PREEMPT_RCU) in CONFIG_PREEMPTION * kernel builds, RCU read-side critical sections may be preempted, * but explicit blocking is illegal. Finally, in preemptible RCU * implementations in real-time (with -rt patchset) kernel builds, RCU * read-side critical sections may be preempted and they may also block, but * only when acquiring spinlocks that are subject to priority inheritance. */ static __always_inline void rcu_read_lock(void) { __rcu_read_lock(); __acquire(RCU); rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_lock_map); RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_lock() used illegally while idle"); } /* * So where is rcu_write_lock()? It does not exist, as there is no * way for writers to lock out RCU readers. This is a feature, not * a bug -- this property is what provides RCU's performance benefits. * Of course, writers must coordinate with each other. The normal * spinlock primitives work well for this, but any other technique may be * used as well. RCU does not care how the writers keep out of each * others' way, as long as they do so. */ /** * rcu_read_unlock() - marks the end of an RCU read-side critical section. * * In most situations, rcu_read_unlock() is immune from deadlock. * However, in kernels built with CONFIG_RCU_BOOST, rcu_read_unlock() * is responsible for deboosting, which it does via rt_mutex_unlock(). * Unfortunately, this function acquires the scheduler's runqueue and * priority-inheritance spinlocks. This means that deadlock could result * if the caller of rcu_read_unlock() already holds one of these locks or * any lock that is ever acquired while holding them. * * That said, RCU readers are never priority boosted unless they were * preempted. Therefore, one way to avoid deadlock is to make sure * that preemption never happens within any RCU read-side critical * section whose outermost rcu_read_unlock() is called with one of * rt_mutex_unlock()'s locks held. Such preemption can be avoided in * a number of ways, for example, by invoking preempt_disable() before * critical section's outermost rcu_read_lock(). * * Given that the set of locks acquired by rt_mutex_unlock() might change * at any time, a somewhat more future-proofed approach is to make sure * that that preemption never happens within any RCU read-side critical * section whose outermost rcu_read_unlock() is called with irqs disabled. * This approach relies on the fact that rt_mutex_unlock() currently only * acquires irq-disabled locks. * * The second of these two approaches is best in most situations, * however, the first approach can also be useful, at least to those * developers willing to keep abreast of the set of locks acquired by * rt_mutex_unlock(). * * See rcu_read_lock() for more information. */ static inline void rcu_read_unlock(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_unlock() used illegally while idle"); __release(RCU); __rcu_read_unlock(); rcu_lock_release(&rcu_lock_map); /* Keep acq info for rls diags. */ } /** * rcu_read_lock_bh() - mark the beginning of an RCU-bh critical section * * This is equivalent of rcu_read_lock(), but also disables softirqs. * Note that anything else that disables softirqs can also serve as * an RCU read-side critical section. * * Note that rcu_read_lock_bh() and the matching rcu_read_unlock_bh() * must occur in the same context, for example, it is illegal to invoke * rcu_read_unlock_bh() from one task if the matching rcu_read_lock_bh() * was invoked from some other task. */ static inline void rcu_read_lock_bh(void) { local_bh_disable(); __acquire(RCU_BH); rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_bh_lock_map); RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_lock_bh() used illegally while idle"); } /** * rcu_read_unlock_bh() - marks the end of a softirq-only RCU critical section * * See rcu_read_lock_bh() for more information. */ static inline void rcu_read_unlock_bh(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_unlock_bh() used illegally while idle"); rcu_lock_release(&rcu_bh_lock_map); __release(RCU_BH); local_bh_enable(); } /** * rcu_read_lock_sched() - mark the beginning of a RCU-sched critical section * * This is equivalent of rcu_read_lock(), but disables preemption. * Read-side critical sections can also be introduced by anything else * that disables preemption, including local_irq_disable() and friends. * * Note that rcu_read_lock_sched() and the matching rcu_read_unlock_sched() * must occur in the same context, for example, it is illegal to invoke * rcu_read_unlock_sched() from process context if the matching * rcu_read_lock_sched() was invoked from an NMI handler. */ static inline void rcu_read_lock_sched(void) { preempt_disable(); __acquire(RCU_SCHED); rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_sched_lock_map); RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_lock_sched() used illegally while idle"); } /* Used by lockdep and tracing: cannot be traced, cannot call lockdep. */ static inline notrace void rcu_read_lock_sched_notrace(void) { preempt_disable_notrace(); __acquire(RCU_SCHED); } /** * rcu_read_unlock_sched() - marks the end of a RCU-classic critical section * * See rcu_read_lock_sched() for more information. */ static inline void rcu_read_unlock_sched(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_unlock_sched() used illegally while idle"); rcu_lock_release(&rcu_sched_lock_map); __release(RCU_SCHED); preempt_enable(); } /* Used by lockdep and tracing: cannot be traced, cannot call lockdep. */ static inline notrace void rcu_read_unlock_sched_notrace(void) { __release(RCU_SCHED); preempt_enable_notrace(); } /** * RCU_INIT_POINTER() - initialize an RCU protected pointer * @p: The pointer to be initialized. * @v: The value to initialized the pointer to. * * Initialize an RCU-protected pointer in special cases where readers * do not need ordering constraints on the CPU or the compiler. These * special cases are: * * 1. This use of RCU_INIT_POINTER() is NULLing out the pointer *or* * 2. The caller has taken whatever steps are required to prevent * RCU readers from concurrently accessing this pointer *or* * 3. The referenced data structure has already been exposed to * readers either at compile time or via rcu_assign_pointer() *and* * * a. You have not made *any* reader-visible changes to * this structure since then *or* * b. It is OK for readers accessing this structure from its * new location to see the old state of the structure. (For * example, the changes were to statistical counters or to * other state where exact synchronization is not required.) * * Failure to follow these rules governing use of RCU_INIT_POINTER() will * result in impossible-to-diagnose memory corruption. As in the structures * will look OK in crash dumps, but any concurrent RCU readers might * see pre-initialized values of the referenced data structure. So * please be very careful how you use RCU_INIT_POINTER()!!! * * If you are creating an RCU-protected linked structure that is accessed * by a single external-to-structure RCU-protected pointer, then you may * use RCU_INIT_POINTER() to initialize the internal RCU-protected * pointers, but you must use rcu_assign_pointer() to initialize the * external-to-structure pointer *after* you have completely initialized * the reader-accessible portions of the linked structure. * * Note that unlike rcu_assign_pointer(), RCU_INIT_POINTER() provides no * ordering guarantees for either the CPU or the compiler. */ #define RCU_INIT_POINTER(p, v) \ do { \ rcu_check_sparse(p, __rcu); \ WRITE_ONCE(p, RCU_INITIALIZER(v)); \ } while (0) /** * RCU_POINTER_INITIALIZER() - statically initialize an RCU protected pointer * @p: The pointer to be initialized. * @v: The value to initialized the pointer to. * * GCC-style initialization for an RCU-protected pointer in a structure field. */ #define RCU_POINTER_INITIALIZER(p, v) \ .p = RCU_INITIALIZER(v) /* * Does the specified offset indicate that the corresponding rcu_head * structure can be handled by kvfree_rcu()? */ #define __is_kvfree_rcu_offset(offset) ((offset) < 4096) /* * Helper macro for kfree_rcu() to prevent argument-expansion eyestrain. */ #define __kvfree_rcu(head, offset) \ do { \ BUILD_BUG_ON(!__is_kvfree_rcu_offset(offset)); \ kvfree_call_rcu(head, (rcu_callback_t)(unsigned long)(offset)); \ } while (0) /** * kfree_rcu() - kfree an object after a grace period. * @ptr: pointer to kfree * @rhf: the name of the struct rcu_head within the type of @ptr. * * Many rcu callbacks functions just call kfree() on the base structure. * These functions are trivial, but their size adds up, and furthermore * when they are used in a kernel module, that module must invoke the * high-latency rcu_barrier() function at module-unload time. * * The kfree_rcu() function handles this issue. Rather than encoding a * function address in the embedded rcu_head structure, kfree_rcu() instead * encodes the offset of the rcu_head structure within the base structure. * Because the functions are not allowed in the low-order 4096 bytes of * kernel virtual memory, offsets up to 4095 bytes can be accommodated. * If the offset is larger than 4095 bytes, a compile-time error will * be generated in __kvfree_rcu(). If this error is triggered, you can * either fall back to use of call_rcu() or rearrange the structure to * position the rcu_head structure into the first 4096 bytes. * * Note that the allowable offset might decrease in the future, for example, * to allow something like kmem_cache_free_rcu(). * * The BUILD_BUG_ON check must not involve any function calls, hence the * checks are done in macros here. */ #define kfree_rcu(ptr, rhf) \ do { \ typeof (ptr) ___p = (ptr); \ \ if (___p) \ __kvfree_rcu(&((___p)->rhf), offsetof(typeof(*(ptr)), rhf)); \ } while (0) /** * kvfree_rcu() - kvfree an object after a grace period. * * This macro consists of one or two arguments and it is * based on whether an object is head-less or not. If it * has a head then a semantic stays the same as it used * to be before: * * kvfree_rcu(ptr, rhf); * * where @ptr is a pointer to kvfree(), @rhf is the name * of the rcu_head structure within the type of @ptr. * * When it comes to head-less variant, only one argument * is passed and that is just a pointer which has to be * freed after a grace period. Therefore the semantic is * * kvfree_rcu(ptr); * * where @ptr is a pointer to kvfree(). * * Please note, head-less way of freeing is permitted to * use from a context that has to follow might_sleep() * annotation. Otherwise, please switch and embed the * rcu_head structure within the type of @ptr. */ #define kvfree_rcu(...) KVFREE_GET_MACRO(__VA_ARGS__, \ kvfree_rcu_arg_2, kvfree_rcu_arg_1)(__VA_ARGS__) #define KVFREE_GET_MACRO(_1, _2, NAME, ...) NAME #define kvfree_rcu_arg_2(ptr, rhf) kfree_rcu(ptr, rhf) #define kvfree_rcu_arg_1(ptr) \ do { \ typeof(ptr) ___p = (ptr); \ \ if (___p) \ kvfree_call_rcu(NULL, (rcu_callback_t) (___p)); \ } while (0) /* * Place this after a lock-acquisition primitive to guarantee that * an UNLOCK+LOCK pair acts as a full barrier. This guarantee applies * if the UNLOCK and LOCK are executed by the same CPU or if the * UNLOCK and LOCK operate on the same lock variable. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WEAK_RELEASE_ACQUIRE #define smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() smp_mb() /* Full ordering for lock. */ #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WEAK_RELEASE_ACQUIRE */ #define smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() do { } while (0) #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WEAK_RELEASE_ACQUIRE */ /* Has the specified rcu_head structure been handed to call_rcu()? */ /** * rcu_head_init - Initialize rcu_head for rcu_head_after_call_rcu() * @rhp: The rcu_head structure to initialize. * * If you intend to invoke rcu_head_after_call_rcu() to test whether a * given rcu_head structure has already been passed to call_rcu(), then * you must also invoke this rcu_head_init() function on it just after * allocating that structure. Calls to this function must not race with * calls to call_rcu(), rcu_head_after_call_rcu(), or callback invocation. */ static inline void rcu_head_init(struct rcu_head *rhp) { rhp->func = (rcu_callback_t)~0L; } /** * rcu_head_after_call_rcu() - Has this rcu_head been passed to call_rcu()? * @rhp: The rcu_head structure to test. * @f: The function passed to call_rcu() along with @rhp. * * Returns @true if the @rhp has been passed to call_rcu() with @func, * and @false otherwise. Emits a warning in any other case, including * the case where @rhp has already been invoked after a grace period. * Calls to this function must not race with callback invocation. One way * to avoid such races is to enclose the call to rcu_head_after_call_rcu() * in an RCU read-side critical section that includes a read-side fetch * of the pointer to the structure containing @rhp. */ static inline bool rcu_head_after_call_rcu(struct rcu_head *rhp, rcu_callback_t f) { rcu_callback_t func = READ_ONCE(rhp->func); if (func == f) return true; WARN_ON_ONCE(func != (rcu_callback_t)~0L); return false; } /* kernel/ksysfs.c definitions */ extern int rcu_expedited; extern int rcu_normal; #endif /* __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM neigh #if !defined(_TRACE_NEIGH_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_NEIGH_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <net/neighbour.h> #define neigh_state_str(state) \ __print_symbolic(state, \ { NUD_INCOMPLETE, "incomplete" }, \ { NUD_REACHABLE, "reachable" }, \ { NUD_STALE, "stale" }, \ { NUD_DELAY, "delay" }, \ { NUD_PROBE, "probe" }, \ { NUD_FAILED, "failed" }, \ { NUD_NOARP, "noarp" }, \ { NUD_PERMANENT, "permanent"}) TRACE_EVENT(neigh_create, TP_PROTO(struct neigh_table *tbl, struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey, const struct neighbour *n, bool exempt_from_gc), TP_ARGS(tbl, dev, pkey, n, exempt_from_gc), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(u32, family) __dynamic_array(char, dev, IFNAMSIZ ) __field(int, entries) __field(u8, created) __field(u8, gc_exempt) __array(u8, primary_key4, 4) __array(u8, primary_key6, 16) ), TP_fast_assign( struct in6_addr *pin6; __be32 *p32; __entry->family = tbl->family; __assign_str(dev, (dev ? dev->name : "NULL")); __entry->entries = atomic_read(&tbl->gc_entries); __entry->created = n != NULL; __entry->gc_exempt = exempt_from_gc; pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->primary_key6; p32 = (__be32 *)__entry->primary_key4; if (tbl->family == AF_INET) *p32 = *(__be32 *)pkey; else *p32 = 0; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) if (tbl->family == AF_INET6) { pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->primary_key6; *pin6 = *(struct in6_addr *)pkey; } #endif ), TP_printk("family %d dev %s entries %d primary_key4 %pI4 primary_key6 %pI6c created %d gc_exempt %d", __entry->family, __get_str(dev), __entry->entries, __entry->primary_key4, __entry->primary_key6, __entry->created, __entry->gc_exempt) ); TRACE_EVENT(neigh_update, TP_PROTO(struct neighbour *n, const u8 *lladdr, u8 new, u32 flags, u32 nlmsg_pid), TP_ARGS(n, lladdr, new, flags, nlmsg_pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(u32, family) __string(dev, (n->dev ? n->dev->name : "NULL")) __array(u8, lladdr, MAX_ADDR_LEN) __field(u8, lladdr_len) __field(u8, flags) __field(u8, nud_state) __field(u8, type) __field(u8, dead) __field(int, refcnt) __array(__u8, primary_key4, 4) __array(__u8, primary_key6, 16) __field(unsigned long, confirmed) __field(unsigned long, updated) __field(unsigned long, used) __array(u8, new_lladdr, MAX_ADDR_LEN) __field(u8, new_state) __field(u32, update_flags) __field(u32, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( int lladdr_len = (n->dev ? n->dev->addr_len : MAX_ADDR_LEN); struct in6_addr *pin6; __be32 *p32; __entry->family = n->tbl->family; __assign_str(dev, (n->dev ? n->dev->name : "NULL")); __entry->lladdr_len = lladdr_len; memcpy(__entry->lladdr, n->ha, lladdr_len); __entry->flags = n->flags; __entry->nud_state = n->nud_state; __entry->type = n->type; __entry->dead = n->dead; __entry->refcnt = refcount_read(&n->refcnt); pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->primary_key6; p32 = (__be32 *)__entry->primary_key4; if (n->tbl->family == AF_INET) *p32 = *(__be32 *)n->primary_key; else *p32 = 0; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) if (n->tbl->family == AF_INET6) { pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->primary_key6; *pin6 = *(struct in6_addr *)n->primary_key; } else #endif { ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(*p32, pin6); } __entry->confirmed = n->confirmed; __entry->updated = n->updated; __entry->used = n->used; if (lladdr) memcpy(__entry->new_lladdr, lladdr, lladdr_len); __entry->new_state = new; __entry->update_flags = flags; __entry->pid = nlmsg_pid; ), TP_printk("family %d dev %s lladdr %s flags %02x nud_state %s type %02x " "dead %d refcnt %d primary_key4 %pI4 primary_key6 %pI6c " "confirmed %lu updated %lu used %lu new_lladdr %s " "new_state %s update_flags %02x pid %d", __entry->family, __get_str(dev), __print_hex_str(__entry->lladdr, __entry->lladdr_len), __entry->flags, neigh_state_str(__entry->nud_state), __entry->type, __entry->dead, __entry->refcnt, __entry->primary_key4, __entry->primary_key6, __entry->confirmed, __entry->updated, __entry->used, __print_hex_str(__entry->new_lladdr, __entry->lladdr_len), neigh_state_str(__entry->new_state), __entry->update_flags, __entry->pid) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(neigh__update, TP_PROTO(struct neighbour *n, int err), TP_ARGS(n, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(u32, family) __string(dev, (n->dev ? n->dev->name : "NULL")) __array(u8, lladdr, MAX_ADDR_LEN) __field(u8, lladdr_len) __field(u8, flags) __field(u8, nud_state) __field(u8, type) __field(u8, dead) __field(int, refcnt) __array(__u8, primary_key4, 4) __array(__u8, primary_key6, 16) __field(unsigned long, confirmed) __field(unsigned long, updated) __field(unsigned long, used) __field(u32, err) ), TP_fast_assign( int lladdr_len = (n->dev ? n->dev->addr_len : MAX_ADDR_LEN); struct in6_addr *pin6; __be32 *p32; __entry->family = n->tbl->family; __assign_str(dev, (n->dev ? n->dev->name : "NULL")); __entry->lladdr_len = lladdr_len; memcpy(__entry->lladdr, n->ha, lladdr_len); __entry->flags = n->flags; __entry->nud_state = n->nud_state; __entry->type = n->type; __entry->dead = n->dead; __entry->refcnt = refcount_read(&n->refcnt); pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->primary_key6; p32 = (__be32 *)__entry->primary_key4; if (n->tbl->family == AF_INET) *p32 = *(__be32 *)n->primary_key; else *p32 = 0; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) if (n->tbl->family == AF_INET6) { pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->primary_key6; *pin6 = *(struct in6_addr *)n->primary_key; } else #endif { ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(*p32, pin6); } __entry->confirmed = n->confirmed; __entry->updated = n->updated; __entry->used = n->used; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("family %d dev %s lladdr %s flags %02x nud_state %s type %02x " "dead %d refcnt %d primary_key4 %pI4 primary_key6 %pI6c " "confirmed %lu updated %lu used %lu err %d", __entry->family, __get_str(dev), __print_hex_str(__entry->lladdr, __entry->lladdr_len), __entry->flags, neigh_state_str(__entry->nud_state), __entry->type, __entry->dead, __entry->refcnt, __entry->primary_key4, __entry->primary_key6, __entry->confirmed, __entry->updated, __entry->used, __entry->err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(neigh__update, neigh_update_done, TP_PROTO(struct neighbour *neigh, int err), TP_ARGS(neigh, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(neigh__update, neigh_timer_handler, TP_PROTO(struct neighbour *neigh, int err), TP_ARGS(neigh, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(neigh__update, neigh_event_send_done, TP_PROTO(struct neighbour *neigh, int err), TP_ARGS(neigh, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(neigh__update, neigh_event_send_dead, TP_PROTO(struct neighbour *neigh, int err), TP_ARGS(neigh, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(neigh__update, neigh_cleanup_and_release, TP_PROTO(struct neighbour *neigh, int rc), TP_ARGS(neigh, rc) ); #endif /* _TRACE_NEIGH_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __CFG802154_RDEV_OPS #define __CFG802154_RDEV_OPS #include <net/cfg802154.h> #include "core.h" #include "trace.h" static inline struct net_device * rdev_add_virtual_intf_deprecated(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, const char *name, unsigned char name_assign_type, int type) { return rdev->ops->add_virtual_intf_deprecated(&rdev->wpan_phy, name, name_assign_type, type); } static inline void rdev_del_virtual_intf_deprecated(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *dev) { rdev->ops->del_virtual_intf_deprecated(&rdev->wpan_phy, dev); } static inline int rdev_suspend(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev) { int ret; trace_802154_rdev_suspend(&rdev->wpan_phy); ret = rdev->ops->suspend(&rdev->wpan_phy); trace_802154_rdev_return_int(&rdev->wpan_phy, ret); return ret; } static inline int rdev_resume(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev) { int ret; trace_802154_rdev_resume(&rdev->wpan_phy); ret = rdev->ops->resume(&rdev->wpan_phy); trace_802154_rdev_return_int(&rdev->wpan_phy, ret); return ret; } static inline int rdev_add_virtual_intf(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, char *name, unsigned char name_assign_type, enum nl802154_iftype type, __le64 extended_addr) { int ret; trace_802154_rdev_add_virtual_intf(&rdev->wpan_phy, name, type, extended_addr); ret = rdev->ops->add_virtual_intf(&rdev->wpan_phy, name, name_assign_type, type, extended_addr); trace_802154_rdev_return_int(&rdev->wpan_phy, ret); return ret; } static inline int rdev_del_virtual_intf(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev) { int ret; trace_802154_rdev_del_virtual_intf(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev); ret = rdev->ops->del_virtual_intf(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev); trace_802154_rdev_return_int(&rdev->wpan_phy, ret); return ret; } static inline int rdev_set_channel(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, u8 page, u8 channel) { int ret; trace_802154_rdev_set_channel(&rdev->wpan_phy, page, channel); ret = rdev->ops->set_channel(&rdev->wpan_phy, page, channel); trace_802154_rdev_return_int(&rdev->wpan_phy, ret); return ret; } static inline int rdev_set_cca_mode(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, const struct wpan_phy_cca *cca) { int ret; trace_802154_rdev_set_cca_mode(&rdev->wpan_phy, cca); ret = rdev->ops->set_cca_mode(&rdev->wpan_phy, cca); trace_802154_rdev_return_int(&rdev->wpan_phy, ret); return ret; } static inline int rdev_set_cca_ed_level(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, s32 ed_level) { int ret; trace_802154_rdev_set_cca_ed_level(&rdev->wpan_phy, ed_level); ret = rdev->ops->set_cca_ed_level(&rdev->wpan_phy, ed_level); trace_802154_rdev_return_int(&rdev->wpan_phy, ret); return ret; } static inline int rdev_set_tx_power(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, s32 power) { int ret; trace_802154_rdev_set_tx_power(&rdev->wpan_phy, power); ret = rdev->ops->set_tx_power(&rdev->wpan_phy, power); trace_802154_rdev_return_int(&rdev->wpan_phy, ret); return ret; } static inline int rdev_set_pan_id(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le16 pan_id) { int ret; trace_802154_rdev_set_pan_id(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, pan_id); ret = rdev->ops->set_pan_id(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, pan_id); trace_802154_rdev_return_int(&rdev->wpan_phy, ret); return ret; } static inline int rdev_set_short_addr(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le16 short_addr) { int ret; trace_802154_rdev_set_short_addr(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, short_addr); ret = rdev->ops->set_short_addr(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, short_addr); trace_802154_rdev_return_int(&rdev->wpan_phy, ret); return ret; } static inline int rdev_set_backoff_exponent(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, u8 min_be, u8 max_be) { int ret; trace_802154_rdev_set_backoff_exponent(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, min_be, max_be); ret = rdev->ops->set_backoff_exponent(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, min_be, max_be); trace_802154_rdev_return_int(&rdev->wpan_phy, ret); return ret; } static inline int rdev_set_max_csma_backoffs(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, u8 max_csma_backoffs) { int ret; trace_802154_rdev_set_csma_backoffs(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, max_csma_backoffs); ret = rdev->ops->set_max_csma_backoffs(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, max_csma_backoffs); trace_802154_rdev_return_int(&rdev->wpan_phy, ret); return ret; } static inline int rdev_set_max_frame_retries(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, s8 max_frame_retries) { int ret; trace_802154_rdev_set_max_frame_retries(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, max_frame_retries); ret = rdev->ops->set_max_frame_retries(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, max_frame_retries); trace_802154_rdev_return_int(&rdev->wpan_phy, ret); return ret; } static inline int rdev_set_lbt_mode(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, bool mode) { int ret; trace_802154_rdev_set_lbt_mode(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, mode); ret = rdev->ops->set_lbt_mode(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, mode); trace_802154_rdev_return_int(&rdev->wpan_phy, ret); return ret; } static inline int rdev_set_ackreq_default(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, bool ackreq) { int ret; trace_802154_rdev_set_ackreq_default(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, ackreq); ret = rdev->ops->set_ackreq_default(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, ackreq); trace_802154_rdev_return_int(&rdev->wpan_phy, ret); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_IEEE802154_NL802154_EXPERIMENTAL /* TODO this is already a nl802154, so move into ieee802154 */ static inline void rdev_get_llsec_table(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, struct ieee802154_llsec_table **table) { rdev->ops->get_llsec_table(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, table); } static inline void rdev_lock_llsec_table(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev) { rdev->ops->lock_llsec_table(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev); } static inline void rdev_unlock_llsec_table(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev) { rdev->ops->unlock_llsec_table(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev); } static inline int rdev_get_llsec_params(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, struct ieee802154_llsec_params *params) { return rdev->ops->get_llsec_params(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, params); } static inline int rdev_set_llsec_params(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_params *params, u32 changed) { return rdev->ops->set_llsec_params(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, params, changed); } static inline int rdev_add_llsec_key(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id *id, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key *key) { return rdev->ops->add_llsec_key(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, id, key); } static inline int rdev_del_llsec_key(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id *id) { return rdev->ops->del_llsec_key(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, id); } static inline int rdev_add_seclevel(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_seclevel *sl) { return rdev->ops->add_seclevel(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, sl); } static inline int rdev_del_seclevel(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_seclevel *sl) { return rdev->ops->del_seclevel(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, sl); } static inline int rdev_add_device(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device *dev_desc) { return rdev->ops->add_device(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, dev_desc); } static inline int rdev_del_device(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le64 extended_addr) { return rdev->ops->del_device(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, extended_addr); } static inline int rdev_add_devkey(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le64 extended_addr, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device_key *devkey) { return rdev->ops->add_devkey(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, extended_addr, devkey); } static inline int rdev_del_devkey(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct wpan_dev *wpan_dev, __le64 extended_addr, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device_key *devkey) { return rdev->ops->del_devkey(&rdev->wpan_phy, wpan_dev, extended_addr, devkey); } #endif /* CONFIG_IEEE802154_NL802154_EXPERIMENTAL */ #endif /* __CFG802154_RDEV_OPS */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * NUMA memory policies for Linux. * Copyright 2003,2004 Andi Kleen SuSE Labs */ #ifndef _LINUX_MEMPOLICY_H #define _LINUX_MEMPOLICY_H 1 #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <uapi/linux/mempolicy.h> struct mm_struct; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * Describe a memory policy. * * A mempolicy can be either associated with a process or with a VMA. * For VMA related allocations the VMA policy is preferred, otherwise * the process policy is used. Interrupts ignore the memory policy * of the current process. * * Locking policy for interleave: * In process context there is no locking because only the process accesses * its own state. All vma manipulation is somewhat protected by a down_read on * mmap_lock. * * Freeing policy: * Mempolicy objects are reference counted. A mempolicy will be freed when * mpol_put() decrements the reference count to zero. * * Duplicating policy objects: * mpol_dup() allocates a new mempolicy and copies the specified mempolicy * to the new storage. The reference count of the new object is initialized * to 1, representing the caller of mpol_dup(). */ struct mempolicy { atomic_t refcnt; unsigned short mode; /* See MPOL_* above */ unsigned short flags; /* See set_mempolicy() MPOL_F_* above */ union { short preferred_node; /* preferred */ nodemask_t nodes; /* interleave/bind */ /* undefined for default */ } v; union { nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed; /* relative to these nodes */ nodemask_t user_nodemask; /* nodemask passed by user */ } w; }; /* * Support for managing mempolicy data objects (clone, copy, destroy) * The default fast path of a NULL MPOL_DEFAULT policy is always inlined. */ extern void __mpol_put(struct mempolicy *pol); static inline void mpol_put(struct mempolicy *pol) { if (pol) __mpol_put(pol); } /* * Does mempolicy pol need explicit unref after use? * Currently only needed for shared policies. */ static inline int mpol_needs_cond_ref(struct mempolicy *pol) { return (pol && (pol->flags & MPOL_F_SHARED)); } static inline void mpol_cond_put(struct mempolicy *pol) { if (mpol_needs_cond_ref(pol)) __mpol_put(pol); } extern struct mempolicy *__mpol_dup(struct mempolicy *pol); static inline struct mempolicy *mpol_dup(struct mempolicy *pol) { if (pol) pol = __mpol_dup(pol); return pol; } #define vma_policy(vma) ((vma)->vm_policy) static inline void mpol_get(struct mempolicy *pol) { if (pol) atomic_inc(&pol->refcnt); } extern bool __mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b); static inline bool mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b) { if (a == b) return true; return __mpol_equal(a, b); } /* * Tree of shared policies for a shared memory region. * Maintain the policies in a pseudo mm that contains vmas. The vmas * carry the policy. As a special twist the pseudo mm is indexed in pages, not * bytes, so that we can work with shared memory segments bigger than * unsigned long. */ struct sp_node { struct rb_node nd; unsigned long start, end; struct mempolicy *policy; }; struct shared_policy { struct rb_root root; rwlock_t lock; }; int vma_dup_policy(struct vm_area_struct *src, struct vm_area_struct *dst); void mpol_shared_policy_init(struct shared_policy *sp, struct mempolicy *mpol); int mpol_set_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *info, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *new); void mpol_free_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *p); struct mempolicy *mpol_shared_policy_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long idx); struct mempolicy *get_task_policy(struct task_struct *p); struct mempolicy *__get_vma_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); bool vma_policy_mof(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern void numa_default_policy(void); extern void numa_policy_init(void); extern void mpol_rebind_task(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *new); extern void mpol_rebind_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, nodemask_t *new); extern int huge_node(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct mempolicy **mpol, nodemask_t **nodemask); extern bool init_nodemask_of_mempolicy(nodemask_t *mask); extern bool mempolicy_nodemask_intersects(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *mask); extern nodemask_t *policy_nodemask(gfp_t gfp, struct mempolicy *policy); static inline nodemask_t *policy_nodemask_current(gfp_t gfp) { struct mempolicy *mpol = get_task_policy(current); return policy_nodemask(gfp, mpol); } extern unsigned int mempolicy_slab_node(void); extern enum zone_type policy_zone; static inline void check_highest_zone(enum zone_type k) { if (k > policy_zone && k != ZONE_MOVABLE) policy_zone = k; } int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags); #ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS extern int mpol_parse_str(char *str, struct mempolicy **mpol); #endif extern void mpol_to_str(char *buffer, int maxlen, struct mempolicy *pol); /* Check if a vma is migratable */ extern bool vma_migratable(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern int mpol_misplaced(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long); extern void mpol_put_task_policy(struct task_struct *); #else struct mempolicy {}; static inline bool mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b) { return true; } static inline void mpol_put(struct mempolicy *p) { } static inline void mpol_cond_put(struct mempolicy *pol) { } static inline void mpol_get(struct mempolicy *pol) { } struct shared_policy {}; static inline void mpol_shared_policy_init(struct shared_policy *sp, struct mempolicy *mpol) { } static inline void mpol_free_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *p) { } static inline struct mempolicy * mpol_shared_policy_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long idx) { return NULL; } #define vma_policy(vma) NULL static inline int vma_dup_policy(struct vm_area_struct *src, struct vm_area_struct *dst) { return 0; } static inline void numa_policy_init(void) { } static inline void numa_default_policy(void) { } static inline void mpol_rebind_task(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *new) { } static inline void mpol_rebind_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, nodemask_t *new) { } static inline int huge_node(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct mempolicy **mpol, nodemask_t **nodemask) { *mpol = NULL; *nodemask = NULL; return 0; } static inline bool init_nodemask_of_mempolicy(nodemask_t *m) { return false; } static inline int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags) { return 0; } static inline void check_highest_zone(int k) { } #ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS static inline int mpol_parse_str(char *str, struct mempolicy **mpol) { return 1; /* error */ } #endif static inline int mpol_misplaced(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { return -1; /* no node preference */ } static inline void mpol_put_task_policy(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline nodemask_t *policy_nodemask_current(gfp_t gfp) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_INAT_H #define _ASM_X86_INAT_H /* * x86 instruction attributes * * Written by Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com> */ #include <asm/inat_types.h> /* * Internal bits. Don't use bitmasks directly, because these bits are * unstable. You should use checking functions. */ #define INAT_OPCODE_TABLE_SIZE 256 #define INAT_GROUP_TABLE_SIZE 8 /* Legacy last prefixes */ #define INAT_PFX_OPNDSZ 1 /* 0x66 */ /* LPFX1 */ #define INAT_PFX_REPE 2 /* 0xF3 */ /* LPFX2 */ #define INAT_PFX_REPNE 3 /* 0xF2 */ /* LPFX3 */ /* Other Legacy prefixes */ #define INAT_PFX_LOCK 4 /* 0xF0 */ #define INAT_PFX_CS 5 /* 0x2E */ #define INAT_PFX_DS 6 /* 0x3E */ #define INAT_PFX_ES 7 /* 0x26 */ #define INAT_PFX_FS 8 /* 0x64 */ #define INAT_PFX_GS 9 /* 0x65 */ #define INAT_PFX_SS 10 /* 0x36 */ #define INAT_PFX_ADDRSZ 11 /* 0x67 */ /* x86-64 REX prefix */ #define INAT_PFX_REX 12 /* 0x4X */ /* AVX VEX prefixes */ #define INAT_PFX_VEX2 13 /* 2-bytes VEX prefix */ #define INAT_PFX_VEX3 14 /* 3-bytes VEX prefix */ #define INAT_PFX_EVEX 15 /* EVEX prefix */ #define INAT_LSTPFX_MAX 3 #define INAT_LGCPFX_MAX 11 /* Immediate size */ #define INAT_IMM_BYTE 1 #define INAT_IMM_WORD 2 #define INAT_IMM_DWORD 3 #define INAT_IMM_QWORD 4 #define INAT_IMM_PTR 5 #define INAT_IMM_VWORD32 6 #define INAT_IMM_VWORD 7 /* Legacy prefix */ #define INAT_PFX_OFFS 0 #define INAT_PFX_BITS 4 #define INAT_PFX_MAX ((1 << INAT_PFX_BITS) - 1) #define INAT_PFX_MASK (INAT_PFX_MAX << INAT_PFX_OFFS) /* Escape opcodes */ #define INAT_ESC_OFFS (INAT_PFX_OFFS + INAT_PFX_BITS) #define INAT_ESC_BITS 2 #define INAT_ESC_MAX ((1 << INAT_ESC_BITS) - 1) #define INAT_ESC_MASK (INAT_ESC_MAX << INAT_ESC_OFFS) /* Group opcodes (1-16) */ #define INAT_GRP_OFFS (INAT_ESC_OFFS + INAT_ESC_BITS) #define INAT_GRP_BITS 5 #define INAT_GRP_MAX ((1 << INAT_GRP_BITS) - 1) #define INAT_GRP_MASK (INAT_GRP_MAX << INAT_GRP_OFFS) /* Immediates */ #define INAT_IMM_OFFS (INAT_GRP_OFFS + INAT_GRP_BITS) #define INAT_IMM_BITS 3 #define INAT_IMM_MASK (((1 << INAT_IMM_BITS) - 1) << INAT_IMM_OFFS) /* Flags */ #define INAT_FLAG_OFFS (INAT_IMM_OFFS + INAT_IMM_BITS) #define INAT_MODRM (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS)) #define INAT_FORCE64 (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 1)) #define INAT_SCNDIMM (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 2)) #define INAT_MOFFSET (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 3)) #define INAT_VARIANT (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 4)) #define INAT_VEXOK (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 5)) #define INAT_VEXONLY (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 6)) #define INAT_EVEXONLY (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 7)) /* Attribute making macros for attribute tables */ #define INAT_MAKE_PREFIX(pfx) (pfx << INAT_PFX_OFFS) #define INAT_MAKE_ESCAPE(esc) (esc << INAT_ESC_OFFS) #define INAT_MAKE_GROUP(grp) ((grp << INAT_GRP_OFFS) | INAT_MODRM) #define INAT_MAKE_IMM(imm) (imm << INAT_IMM_OFFS) /* Identifiers for segment registers */ #define INAT_SEG_REG_IGNORE 0 #define INAT_SEG_REG_DEFAULT 1 #define INAT_SEG_REG_CS 2 #define INAT_SEG_REG_SS 3 #define INAT_SEG_REG_DS 4 #define INAT_SEG_REG_ES 5 #define INAT_SEG_REG_FS 6 #define INAT_SEG_REG_GS 7 /* Attribute search APIs */ extern insn_attr_t inat_get_opcode_attribute(insn_byte_t opcode); extern int inat_get_last_prefix_id(insn_byte_t last_pfx); extern insn_attr_t inat_get_escape_attribute(insn_byte_t opcode, int lpfx_id, insn_attr_t esc_attr); extern insn_attr_t inat_get_group_attribute(insn_byte_t modrm, int lpfx_id, insn_attr_t esc_attr); extern insn_attr_t inat_get_avx_attribute(insn_byte_t opcode, insn_byte_t vex_m, insn_byte_t vex_pp); /* Attribute checking functions */ static inline int inat_is_legacy_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { attr &= INAT_PFX_MASK; return attr && attr <= INAT_LGCPFX_MAX; } static inline int inat_is_address_size_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_ADDRSZ; } static inline int inat_is_operand_size_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_OPNDSZ; } static inline int inat_is_rex_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_REX; } static inline int inat_last_prefix_id(insn_attr_t attr) { if ((attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) > INAT_LSTPFX_MAX) return 0; else return attr & INAT_PFX_MASK; } static inline int inat_is_vex_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { attr &= INAT_PFX_MASK; return attr == INAT_PFX_VEX2 || attr == INAT_PFX_VEX3 || attr == INAT_PFX_EVEX; } static inline int inat_is_evex_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_EVEX; } static inline int inat_is_vex3_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_VEX3; } static inline int inat_is_escape(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_ESC_MASK; } static inline int inat_escape_id(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_ESC_MASK) >> INAT_ESC_OFFS; } static inline int inat_is_group(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_GRP_MASK; } static inline int inat_group_id(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_GRP_MASK) >> INAT_GRP_OFFS; } static inline int inat_group_common_attribute(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & ~INAT_GRP_MASK; } static inline int inat_has_immediate(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_IMM_MASK; } static inline int inat_immediate_size(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_IMM_MASK) >> INAT_IMM_OFFS; } static inline int inat_has_modrm(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_MODRM; } static inline int inat_is_force64(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_FORCE64; } static inline int inat_has_second_immediate(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_SCNDIMM; } static inline int inat_has_moffset(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_MOFFSET; } static inline int inat_has_variant(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_VARIANT; } static inline int inat_accept_vex(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_VEXOK; } static inline int inat_must_vex(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & (INAT_VEXONLY | INAT_EVEXONLY); } static inline int inat_must_evex(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_EVEXONLY; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM compaction #if !defined(_TRACE_COMPACTION_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_COMPACTION_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_compaction_isolate_template, TP_PROTO( unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_taken), TP_ARGS(start_pfn, end_pfn, nr_scanned, nr_taken), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, start_pfn) __field(unsigned long, end_pfn) __field(unsigned long, nr_scanned) __field(unsigned long, nr_taken) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->start_pfn = start_pfn; __entry->end_pfn = end_pfn; __entry->nr_scanned = nr_scanned; __entry->nr_taken = nr_taken; ), TP_printk("range=(0x%lx ~ 0x%lx) nr_scanned=%lu nr_taken=%lu", __entry->start_pfn, __entry->end_pfn, __entry->nr_scanned, __entry->nr_taken) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_isolate_template, mm_compaction_isolate_migratepages, TP_PROTO( unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_taken), TP_ARGS(start_pfn, end_pfn, nr_scanned, nr_taken) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_isolate_template, mm_compaction_isolate_freepages, TP_PROTO( unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_taken), TP_ARGS(start_pfn, end_pfn, nr_scanned, nr_taken) ); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_migratepages, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_all, int migrate_rc, struct list_head *migratepages), TP_ARGS(nr_all, migrate_rc, migratepages), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, nr_migrated) __field(unsigned long, nr_failed) ), TP_fast_assign( unsigned long nr_failed = 0; struct list_head *page_lru; /* * migrate_pages() returns either a non-negative number * with the number of pages that failed migration, or an * error code, in which case we need to count the remaining * pages manually */ if (migrate_rc >= 0) nr_failed = migrate_rc; else list_for_each(page_lru, migratepages) nr_failed++; __entry->nr_migrated = nr_all - nr_failed; __entry->nr_failed = nr_failed; ), TP_printk("nr_migrated=%lu nr_failed=%lu", __entry->nr_migrated, __entry->nr_failed) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_begin, TP_PROTO(unsigned long zone_start, unsigned long migrate_pfn, unsigned long free_pfn, unsigned long zone_end, bool sync), TP_ARGS(zone_start, migrate_pfn, free_pfn, zone_end, sync), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, zone_start) __field(unsigned long, migrate_pfn) __field(unsigned long, free_pfn) __field(unsigned long, zone_end) __field(bool, sync) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->zone_start = zone_start; __entry->migrate_pfn = migrate_pfn; __entry->free_pfn = free_pfn; __entry->zone_end = zone_end; __entry->sync = sync; ), TP_printk("zone_start=0x%lx migrate_pfn=0x%lx free_pfn=0x%lx zone_end=0x%lx, mode=%s", __entry->zone_start, __entry->migrate_pfn, __entry->free_pfn, __entry->zone_end, __entry->sync ? "sync" : "async") ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long zone_start, unsigned long migrate_pfn, unsigned long free_pfn, unsigned long zone_end, bool sync, int status), TP_ARGS(zone_start, migrate_pfn, free_pfn, zone_end, sync, status), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, zone_start) __field(unsigned long, migrate_pfn) __field(unsigned long, free_pfn) __field(unsigned long, zone_end) __field(bool, sync) __field(int, status) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->zone_start = zone_start; __entry->migrate_pfn = migrate_pfn; __entry->free_pfn = free_pfn; __entry->zone_end = zone_end; __entry->sync = sync; __entry->status = status; ), TP_printk("zone_start=0x%lx migrate_pfn=0x%lx free_pfn=0x%lx zone_end=0x%lx, mode=%s status=%s", __entry->zone_start, __entry->migrate_pfn, __entry->free_pfn, __entry->zone_end, __entry->sync ? "sync" : "async", __print_symbolic(__entry->status, COMPACTION_STATUS)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_try_to_compact_pages, TP_PROTO( int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, int prio), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_mask, prio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, order) __field(gfp_t, gfp_mask) __field(int, prio) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_mask = gfp_mask; __entry->prio = prio; ), TP_printk("order=%d gfp_mask=%s priority=%d", __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_mask), __entry->prio) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_compaction_suitable_template, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order, int ret), TP_ARGS(zone, order, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(enum zone_type, idx) __field(int, order) __field(int, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = zone_to_nid(zone); __entry->idx = zone_idx(zone); __entry->order = order; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("node=%d zone=%-8s order=%d ret=%s", __entry->nid, __print_symbolic(__entry->idx, ZONE_TYPE), __entry->order, __print_symbolic(__entry->ret, COMPACTION_STATUS)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_suitable_template, mm_compaction_finished, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order, int ret), TP_ARGS(zone, order, ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_suitable_template, mm_compaction_suitable, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order, int ret), TP_ARGS(zone, order, ret) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_compaction_defer_template, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order), TP_ARGS(zone, order), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(enum zone_type, idx) __field(int, order) __field(unsigned int, considered) __field(unsigned int, defer_shift) __field(int, order_failed) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = zone_to_nid(zone); __entry->idx = zone_idx(zone); __entry->order = order; __entry->considered = zone->compact_considered; __entry->defer_shift = zone->compact_defer_shift; __entry->order_failed = zone->compact_order_failed; ), TP_printk("node=%d zone=%-8s order=%d order_failed=%d consider=%u limit=%lu", __entry->nid, __print_symbolic(__entry->idx, ZONE_TYPE), __entry->order, __entry->order_failed, __entry->considered, 1UL << __entry->defer_shift) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_defer_template, mm_compaction_deferred, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order), TP_ARGS(zone, order) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_defer_template, mm_compaction_defer_compaction, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order), TP_ARGS(zone, order) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_defer_template, mm_compaction_defer_reset, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order), TP_ARGS(zone, order) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_kcompactd_sleep, TP_PROTO(int nid), TP_ARGS(nid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; ), TP_printk("nid=%d", __entry->nid) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kcompactd_wake_template, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx), TP_ARGS(nid, order, highest_zoneidx), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(int, order) __field(enum zone_type, highest_zoneidx) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->order = order; __entry->highest_zoneidx = highest_zoneidx; ), /* * classzone_idx is previous name of the highest_zoneidx. * Reason not to change it is the ABI requirement of the tracepoint. */ TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d classzone_idx=%-8s", __entry->nid, __entry->order, __print_symbolic(__entry->highest_zoneidx, ZONE_TYPE)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kcompactd_wake_template, mm_compaction_wakeup_kcompactd, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx), TP_ARGS(nid, order, highest_zoneidx) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kcompactd_wake_template, mm_compaction_kcompactd_wake, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx), TP_ARGS(nid, order, highest_zoneidx) ); #endif #endif /* _TRACE_COMPACTION_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
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5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } /* If details->check_mapping, we leave swap entries. */ if (unlikely(details)) continue; if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, range.end, details); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, range.end); } /** * zap_vma_ptes - remove ptes mapping the vma * @vma: vm_area_struct holding ptes to be zapped * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * This function only unmaps ptes assigned to VM_PFNMAP vmas. * * The entire address range must be fully contained within the vma. * */ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { if (address < vma->vm_start || address + size > vma->vm_end || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) return; zap_page_range_single(vma, address, size, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zap_vma_ptes); static pmd_t *walk_to_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return NULL; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); return pmd; } pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pmd_t *pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl); } static int validate_page_before_insert(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page) || PageSlab(page) || page_has_type(page)) return -EINVAL; flush_dcache_page(page); return 0; } static int insert_page_into_pte_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { if (!pte_none(*pte)) return -EBUSY; /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ get_page(page); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); return 0; } /* * This is the old fallback for page remapping. * * For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only * old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their * pages reserved for the old functions anyway. */ static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; int retval; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; retval = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (retval) goto out; retval = -ENOMEM; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) goto out; retval = insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); out: return retval; } #ifdef pte_index static int insert_page_in_batch_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { int err; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; err = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (err) return err; return insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); } /* insert_pages() amortizes the cost of spinlock operations * when inserting pages in a loop. Arch *must* define pte_index. */ static int insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pte_t *start_pte, *pte; spinlock_t *pte_lock; struct mm_struct *const mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long curr_page_idx = 0; unsigned long remaining_pages_total = *num; unsigned long pages_to_write_in_pmd; int ret; more: ret = -EFAULT; pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) goto out; pages_to_write_in_pmd = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_pages_total, PTRS_PER_PTE - pte_index(addr)); /* Allocate the PTE if necessary; takes PMD lock once only. */ ret = -ENOMEM; if (pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) goto out; while (pages_to_write_in_pmd) { int pte_idx = 0; const int batch_size = min_t(int, pages_to_write_in_pmd, 8); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &pte_lock); for (pte = start_pte; pte_idx < batch_size; ++pte, ++pte_idx) { int err = insert_page_in_batch_locked(mm, pte, addr, pages[curr_page_idx], prot); if (unlikely(err)) { pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); ret = err; remaining_pages_total -= pte_idx; goto out; } addr += PAGE_SIZE; ++curr_page_idx; } pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); pages_to_write_in_pmd -= batch_size; remaining_pages_total -= batch_size; } if (remaining_pages_total) goto more; ret = 0; out: *num = remaining_pages_total; return ret; } #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ /** * vm_insert_pages - insert multiple pages into user vma, batching the pmd lock. * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target start user address of these pages * @pages: source kernel pages * @num: in: number of pages to map. out: number of pages that were *not* * mapped. (0 means all pages were successfully mapped). * * Preferred over vm_insert_page() when inserting multiple pages. * * In case of error, we may have mapped a subset of the provided * pages. It is the caller's responsibility to account for this case. * * The same restrictions apply as in vm_insert_page(). */ int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num) { #ifdef pte_index const unsigned long end_addr = addr + (*num * PAGE_SIZE) - 1; if (addr < vma->vm_start || end_addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } /* Defer page refcount checking till we're about to map that page. */ return insert_pages(vma, addr, pages, num, vma->vm_page_prot); #else unsigned long idx = 0, pgcount = *num; int err = -EINVAL; for (; idx < pgcount; ++idx) { err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr + (PAGE_SIZE * idx), pages[idx]); if (err) break; } *num = pgcount - idx; return err; #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pages); /** * vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @page: source kernel page * * This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated * into a user vma. * * The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation. * If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as * such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself * (see split_page()). * * NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which * took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow * that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which * means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better * ask for a shared writable mapping! * * The page does not need to be reserved. * * Usually this function is called from f_op->mmap() handler * under mm->mmap_lock write-lock, so it can change vma->vm_flags. * Caller must set VM_MIXEDMAP on vma if it wants to call this * function from other places, for example from page-fault handler. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page); /* * __vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * @offset: user's requested vm_pgoff * * This allows drivers to map range of kernel pages into a user vma. * * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ static int __vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num, unsigned long offset) { unsigned long count = vma_pages(vma); unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start; int ret, i; /* Fail if the user requested offset is beyond the end of the object */ if (offset >= num) return -ENXIO; /* Fail if the user requested size exceeds available object size */ if (count > num - offset) return -ENXIO; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, pages[offset + i]); if (ret < 0) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } return 0; } /** * vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages starts with non zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Maps an object consisting of @num pages, catering for the user's * requested vm_pgoff * * If we fail to insert any page into the vma, the function will return * immediately leaving any previously inserted pages present. Callers * from the mmap handler may immediately return the error as their caller * will destroy the vma, removing any successfully inserted pages. Other * callers should make their own arrangements for calling unmap_region(). * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, vma->vm_pgoff); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages); /** * vm_map_pages_zero - map range of kernel pages starts with zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Similar to vm_map_pages(), except that it explicitly sets the offset * to 0. This function is intended for the drivers that did not consider * vm_pgoff. * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages_zero); static vm_fault_t insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pte_t *pte, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (!pte_none(*pte)) { if (mkwrite) { /* * For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed * in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the * mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite * case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared * mapping and we expect the PFNs to match. If they * don't match, we are likely racing with block * allocation and mapping invalidation so just skip the * update. */ if (pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte))); goto out_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(*pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); } goto out_unlock; } /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); else entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); if (mkwrite) { entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */ out_unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_pfn_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_pfn(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * This only makes sense for IO mappings, and it makes no sense for * COW mappings. In general, using multiple vmas is preferable; * vmf_insert_pfn_prot should only be used if using multiple VMAs is * impractical. * * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for a discussion of the implication of using * a value of @pgprot different from that of @vma->vm_page_prot. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { /* * Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these * restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like * consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should * try to keep these invariants in place for everybody. */ BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) == (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV)); return insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn_prot); /** * vmf_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * * Similar to vm_insert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages * they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply. * * This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and * in that case the handler should return the result of this function. * * vma cannot be a COW mapping. * * As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we * do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn) { return vmf_insert_pfn_prot(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn); static bool vm_mixed_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pfn_t pfn) { /* these checks mirror the abort conditions in vm_normal_page */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) return true; if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) return true; if (pfn_t_special(pfn)) return true; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn))) return true; return false; } static vm_fault_t __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool mkwrite) { int err; BUG_ON(!vm_mixed_ok(vma, pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid() * based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must* * refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather * than insert_pfn). If a zero_pfn were inserted into a VM_MIXEDMAP * without pte special, it would there be refcounted as a normal page. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL) && !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn)) { struct page *page; /* * At this point we are committed to insert_page() * regardless of whether the caller specified flags that * result in pfn_t_has_page() == false. */ page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)); err = insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot); } else { return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite); } if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_mixed_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_mixed(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * Typically this function should be used by drivers to set caching- and * encryption bits different than those of @vma->vm_page_prot, because * the caching- or encryption mode may not be known at mmap() time. * This is ok as long as @vma->vm_page_prot is not used by the core vm * to set caching and encryption bits for those vmas (except for COW pages). * This is ensured by core vm only modifying these page table entries using * functions that don't touch caching- or encryption bits, using pte_modify() * if needed. (See for example mprotect()). * Also when new page-table entries are created, this is only done using the * fault() callback, and never using the value of vma->vm_page_prot, * except for page-table entries that point to anonymous pages as the result * of COW. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_prot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed); /* * If the insertion of PTE failed because someone else already added a * different entry in the mean time, we treat that as success as we assume * the same entry was actually inserted. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite); /* * maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old * mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results * in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access") */ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int err = 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte)); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) { err = -EACCES; break; } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot))); pfn++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); return err; } static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target page aligned user address to start at * @pfn: page frame number of kernel physical memory address * @size: size of mapping area * @prot: page protection flags for this mapping * * Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size); struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long remap_pfn = pfn; int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr))) return -EINVAL; /* * Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the * rest of the world about it: * VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages * (accesses can have side effects). * VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just * raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated * with them. * VM_DONTEXPAND * Disable vma merging and expanding with mremap(). * VM_DONTDUMP * Omit vma from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off. * * There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write * behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original" * un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff". * See vm_normal_page() for details. */ if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) { if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_pgoff = pfn; } err = track_pfn_remap(vma, &prot, remap_pfn, addr, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); if (err) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (err) untrack_pfn(vma, remap_pfn, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range); /** * vm_iomap_memory - remap memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @start: start of the physical memory to be mapped * @len: size of area * * This is a simplified io_remap_pfn_range() for common driver use. The * driver just needs to give us the physical memory range to be mapped, * we'll figure out the rest from the vma information. * * NOTE! Some drivers might want to tweak vma->vm_page_prot first to get * whatever write-combining details or similar. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len) { unsigned long vm_len, pfn, pages; /* Check that the physical memory area passed in looks valid */ if (start + len < start) return -EINVAL; /* * You *really* shouldn't map things that aren't page-aligned, * but we've historically allowed it because IO memory might * just have smaller alignment. */ len += start & ~PAGE_MASK; pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT; pages = (len + ~PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn + pages < pfn) return -EINVAL; /* We start the mapping 'vm_pgoff' pages into the area */ if (vma->vm_pgoff > pages) return -EINVAL; pfn += vma->vm_pgoff; pages -= vma->vm_pgoff; /* Can we fit all of the mapping? */ vm_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vm_len >> PAGE_SHIFT > pages) return -EINVAL; /* Ok, let it rip */ return io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, pfn, vm_len, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_iomap_memory); static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; int err = 0; spinlock_t *ptl; if (create) { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask) : pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; } else { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr) : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); } BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd)); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (fn) { do { if (create || !pte_none(*pte)) { err = fn(pte++, addr, data); if (err) break; } } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); } *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (mm != &init_mm) pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl); return err; } static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err = 0; BUG_ON(pud_huge(*pud)); if (create) { pmd = pmd_alloc_track(mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; } else { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); } do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) { err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { pud = pud_alloc_track(mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; } else { pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); } do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) { err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { p4d = p4d_alloc_track(mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; } else { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); } do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) { err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int __apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long start = addr, next; unsigned long end = addr + size; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; int err = 0; if (WARN_ON(addr >= end)) return -EINVAL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (!create && pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; err = apply_to_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data, create, &mask); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, start + size); return err; } /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary * and calling a provided function on each leaf page table. */ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range); /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, calling a provided function on * each leaf page table where it exists. * * Unlike apply_to_page_range, this does _not_ fill in page tables * where they are absent. */ int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_existing_page_range); /* * handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was * read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures * or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which might give a mix of unmatched * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check; * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on). */ static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte) { int same = 1; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); } #endif pte_unmap(page_table); return same; } static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, struct vm_fault *vmf) { bool ret; void *kaddr; void __user *uaddr; bool locked = false; struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long addr = vmf->address; if (likely(src)) { copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma); return true; } /* * If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have * a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by * just copying from the original user address. If that * fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it. */ kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst); uaddr = (void __user *)(addr & PAGE_MASK); /* * On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would * take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here. */ if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_t entry; vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* * Other thread has already handled the fault * and update local tlb only */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, vmf->pte, entry, 0)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, vmf->pte); } /* * This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there * in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable, * in which case we just give up and fill the result with * zeroes. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { if (locked) goto warn; /* Re-validate under PTL if the page is still mapped */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* The PTE changed under us, update local tlb */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } /* * The same page can be mapped back since last copy attempt. * Try to copy again under PTL. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * Give a warn in case there can be some obscure * use-case */ warn: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); clear_page(kaddr); } } ret = true; pte_unlock: if (locked) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(dst); return ret; } static gfp_t __get_fault_gfp_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *vm_file = vma->vm_file; if (vm_file) return mapping_gfp_mask(vm_file->f_mapping) | __GFP_FS | __GFP_IO; /* * Special mappings (e.g. VDSO) do not have any file so fake * a default GFP_KERNEL for them. */ return GFP_KERNEL; } /* * Notify the address space that the page is about to become writable so that * it can prohibit this or wait for the page to get into an appropriate state. * * We do this without the lock held, so that it can sleep if it needs to. */ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { vm_fault_t ret; struct page *page = vmf->page; unsigned int old_flags = vmf->flags; vmf->flags = FAULT_FLAG_WRITE|FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; if (vmf->vma->vm_file && IS_SWAPFILE(vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vmf); /* Restore original flags so that caller is not surprised */ vmf->flags = old_flags; if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) return ret; if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) { lock_page(page); if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* retry */ } ret |= VM_FAULT_LOCKED; } else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); return ret; } /* * Handle dirtying of a page in shared file mapping on a write fault. * * The function expects the page to be locked and unlocks it. */ static vm_fault_t fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page = vmf->page; bool dirtied; bool page_mkwrite = vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite; dirtied = set_page_dirty(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page), page); /* * Take a local copy of the address_space - page.mapping may be zeroed * by truncate after unlock_page(). The address_space itself remains * pinned by vma->vm_file's reference. We rely on unlock_page()'s * release semantics to prevent the compiler from undoing this copying. */ mapping = page_rmapping(page); unlock_page(page); if (!page_mkwrite) file_update_time(vma->vm_file); /* * Throttle page dirtying rate down to writeback speed. * * mapping may be NULL here because some device drivers do not * set page.mapping but still dirty their pages * * Drop the mmap_lock before waiting on IO, if we can. The file * is pinning the mapping, as per above. */ if ((dirtied || page_mkwrite) && mapping) { struct file *fpin; fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, NULL); balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); if (fpin) { fput(fpin); return VM_FAULT_RETRY; } } return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for pages that can be reused in the current vma * * This can happen either due to the mapping being with the VM_SHARED flag, * or due to us being the last reference standing to the page. In either * case, all we need to do here is to mark the page as writable and update * any related book-keeping. */ static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = vmf->page; pte_t entry; /* * Clear the pages cpupid information as the existing * information potentially belongs to a now completely * unrelated process. */ if (page) page_cpupid_xchg_last(page, (1 << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1); flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); count_vm_event(PGREUSE); } /* * Handle the case of a page which we actually need to copy to a new page. * * Called with mmap_lock locked and the old page referenced, but * without the ptl held. * * High level logic flow: * * - Allocate a page, copy the content of the old page to the new one. * - Handle book keeping and accounting - cgroups, mmu-notifiers, etc. * - Take the PTL. If the pte changed, bail out and release the allocated page * - If the pte is still the way we remember it, update the page table and all * relevant references. This includes dropping the reference the page-table * held to the old page, as well as updating the rmap. * - In any case, unlock the PTL and drop the reference we took to the old page. */ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct page *old_page = vmf->page; struct page *new_page = NULL; pte_t entry; int page_copied = 0; struct mmu_notifier_range range; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte))) { new_page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; } else { new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; if (!cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, vmf)) { /* * COW failed, if the fault was solved by other, * it's fine. If not, userspace would re-fault on * the same address and we will handle the fault * from the second attempt. */ put_page(new_page); if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return 0; } } if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_new; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, vmf->address & PAGE_MASK, (vmf->address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { if (old_page) { if (!PageAnon(old_page)) { dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(old_page)); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* * Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the * pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition * seen in the presence of one thread doing SMC and another * thread doing COW. */ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, vma); /* * We call the notify macro here because, when using secondary * mmu page tables (such as kvm shadow page tables), we want the * new page to be mapped directly into the secondary page table. */ set_pte_at_notify(mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); if (old_page) { /* * Only after switching the pte to the new page may * we remove the mapcount here. Otherwise another * process may come and find the rmap count decremented * before the pte is switched to the new page, and * "reuse" the old page writing into it while our pte * here still points into it and can be read by other * threads. * * The critical issue is to order this * page_remove_rmap with the ptp_clear_flush above. * Those stores are ordered by (if nothing else,) * the barrier present in the atomic_add_negative * in page_remove_rmap. * * Then the TLB flush in ptep_clear_flush ensures that * no process can access the old page before the * decremented mapcount is visible. And the old page * cannot be reused until after the decremented * mapcount is visible. So transitively, TLBs to * old page will be flushed before it can be reused. */ page_remove_rmap(old_page, false); } /* Free the old page.. */ new_page = old_page; page_copied = 1; } else { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } if (new_page) put_page(new_page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); /* * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as * the above ptep_clear_flush_notify() did already call it. */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range); if (old_page) { /* * Don't let another task, with possibly unlocked vma, * keep the mlocked page. */ if (page_copied && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) { lock_page(old_page); /* LRU manipulation */ if (PageMlocked(old_page)) munlock_vma_page(old_page); unlock_page(old_page); } put_page(old_page); } return page_copied ? VM_FAULT_WRITE : 0; oom_free_new: put_page(new_page); oom: if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /** * finish_mkwrite_fault - finish page fault for a shared mapping, making PTE * writeable once the page is prepared * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a write page fault in a * shared mapping due to PTE being read-only once the mapped page is prepared. * It handles locking of PTE and modifying it. * * The function expects the page to be locked or other protection against * concurrent faults / writeback (such as DAX radix tree locks). * * Return: %VM_FAULT_WRITE on success, %0 when PTE got changed before * we acquired PTE lock. */ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * We might have raced with another page fault while we released the * pte_offset_map_lock. */ if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for VM_MIXEDMAP or VM_PFNMAP for a VM_SHARED * mapping */ static vm_fault_t wp_pfn_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t ret; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); vmf->flags |= FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; ret = vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite(vmf); if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)) return ret; return finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE; get_page(vmf->page); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t tmp; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } tmp = finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } else { wp_page_reuse(vmf); lock_page(vmf->page); } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } /* * This routine handles present pages, when users try to write * to a shared page. It is done by copying the page to a new address * and decrementing the shared-page counter for the old page. * * Note that this routine assumes that the protection checks have been * done by the caller (the low-level page fault routine in most cases). * Thus we can safely just mark it writable once we've done any necessary * COW. * * We also mark the page dirty at this point even though the page will * change only once the write actually happens. This avoids a few races, * and potentially makes it more efficient. * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), with pte both mapped and locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(vma, *vmf->pte)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); } /* * Userfaultfd write-protect can defer flushes. Ensure the TLB * is flushed in this case before copying. */ if (unlikely(userfaultfd_wp(vmf->vma) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(vmf->vma->vm_mm))) flush_tlb_page(vmf->vma, vmf->address); vmf->page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte); if (!vmf->page) { /* * VM_MIXEDMAP !pfn_valid() case, or VM_SOFTDIRTY clear on a * VM_PFNMAP VMA. * * We should not cow pages in a shared writeable mapping. * Just mark the pages writable and/or call ops->pfn_mkwrite. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) return wp_pfn_shared(vmf); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } /* * Take out anonymous pages first, anonymous shared vmas are * not dirty accountable. */ if (PageAnon(vmf->page)) { struct page *page = vmf->page; /* PageKsm() doesn't necessarily raise the page refcount */ if (PageKsm(page) || page_count(page) != 1) goto copy; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto copy; if (PageKsm(page) || page_mapcount(page) != 1 || page_count(page) != 1) { unlock_page(page); goto copy; } /* * Ok, we've got the only map reference, and the only * page count reference, and the page is locked, * it's dark out, and we're wearing sunglasses. Hit it. */ unlock_page(page); wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) { return wp_page_shared(vmf); } copy: /* * Ok, we need to copy. Oh, well.. */ get_page(vmf->page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } static void unmap_mapping_range_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { zap_page_range_single(vma, start_addr, end_addr - start_addr, details); } static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct rb_root_cached *root, struct zap_details *details) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; pgoff_t vba, vea, zba, zea; vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, details->first_index, details->last_index) { vba = vma->vm_pgoff; vea = vba + vma_pages(vma) - 1; zba = details->first_index; if (zba < vba) zba = vba; zea = details->last_index; if (zea > vea) zea = vea; unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma, ((zba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, ((zea - vba + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, details); } } /** * unmap_mapping_page() - Unmap single page from processes. * @page: The locked page to be unmapped. * * Unmap this page from any userspace process which still has it mmaped. * Typically, for efficiency, the range of nearby pages has already been * unmapped by unmap_mapping_pages() or unmap_mapping_range(). But once * truncation or invalidation holds the lock on a page, it may find that * the page has been remapped again: and then uses unmap_mapping_page() * to unmap it finally. */ void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct zap_details details = { }; VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON(PageTail(page)); details.check_mapping = mapping; details.first_index = page->index; details.last_index = page->index + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; details.single_page = page; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_pages() - Unmap pages from processes. * @mapping: The address space containing pages to be unmapped. * @start: Index of first page to be unmapped. * @nr: Number of pages to be unmapped. 0 to unmap to end of file. * @even_cows: Whether to unmap even private COWed pages. * * Unmap the pages in this address space from any userspace process which * has them mmaped. Generally, you want to remove COWed pages as well when * a file is being truncated, but not when invalidating pages from the page * cache. */ void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { struct zap_details details = { }; details.check_mapping = even_cows ? NULL : mapping; details.first_index = start; details.last_index = start + nr - 1; if (details.last_index < details.first_index) details.last_index = ULONG_MAX; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_range - unmap the portion of all mmaps in the specified * address_space corresponding to the specified byte range in the underlying * file. * * @mapping: the address space containing mmaps to be unmapped. * @holebegin: byte in first page to unmap, relative to the start of * the underlying file. This will be rounded down to a PAGE_SIZE * boundary. Note that this is different from truncate_pagecache(), which * must keep the partial page. In contrast, we must get rid of * partial pages. * @holelen: size of prospective hole in bytes. This will be rounded * up to a PAGE_SIZE boundary. A holelen of zero truncates to the * end of the file. * @even_cows: 1 when truncating a file, unmap even private COWed pages; * but 0 when invalidating pagecache, don't throw away private data. */ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { pgoff_t hba = holebegin >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t hlen = (holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Check for overflow. */ if (sizeof(holelen) > sizeof(hlen)) { long long holeend = (holebegin + holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (holeend & ~(long long)ULONG_MAX) hlen = ULONG_MAX - hba + 1; } unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, hba, hlen, even_cows); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range); /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with pte unmapped and unlocked. * * We return with the mmap_lock locked or unlocked in the same cases * as does filemap_fault(). */ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL, *swapcache; swp_entry_t entry; pte_t pte; int locked; int exclusive = 0; vm_fault_t ret = 0; void *shadow = NULL; if (!pte_unmap_same(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) goto out; entry = pte_to_swp_entry(vmf->orig_pte); if (unlikely(non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { migration_entry_wait(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address); } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { vmf->page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); ret = vmf->page->pgmap->ops->migrate_to_ram(vmf); } else if (is_hwpoison_entry(entry)) { ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } else { print_bad_pte(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte, NULL); ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } goto out; } delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); page = lookup_swap_cache(entry, vma, vmf->address); swapcache = page; if (!page) { struct swap_info_struct *si = swp_swap_info(entry); if (data_race(si->flags & SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO) && __swap_count(entry) == 1) { /* skip swapcache */ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (page) { int err; __SetPageLocked(page); __SetPageSwapBacked(page); set_page_private(page, entry.val); /* Tell memcg to use swap ownership records */ SetPageSwapCache(page); err = mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL); ClearPageSwapCache(page); if (err) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_page; } shadow = get_shadow_from_swap_cache(entry); if (shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); swap_readpage(page, true); } } else { page = swapin_readahead(entry, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vmf); swapcache = page; } if (!page) { /* * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte * while we released the pte lock. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto unlock; } /* Had to read the page from swap area: Major fault */ ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); } else if (PageHWPoison(page)) { /* * hwpoisoned dirty swapcache pages are kept for killing * owner processes (which may be unknown at hwpoison time) */ ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto out_release; } locked = lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); if (!locked) { ret |= VM_FAULT_RETRY; goto out_release; } /* * Make sure try_to_free_swap or reuse_swap_page or swapoff did not * release the swapcache from under us. The page pin, and pte_same * test below, are not enough to exclude that. Even if it is still * swapcache, we need to check that the page's swap has not changed. */ if (unlikely((!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)) && swapcache) goto out_page; page = ksm_might_need_to_copy(page, vma, vmf->address); if (unlikely(!page)) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; page = swapcache; goto out_page; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) goto out_nomap; if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; goto out_nomap; } /* * The page isn't present yet, go ahead with the fault. * * Be careful about the sequence of operations here. * To get its accounting right, reuse_swap_page() must be called * while the page is counted on swap but not yet in mapcount i.e. * before page_add_anon_rmap() and swap_free(); try_to_free_swap() * must be called after the swap_free(), or it will never succeed. */ inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); dec_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_SWAPENTS); pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) { pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma); vmf->flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE; exclusive = RMAP_EXCLUSIVE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(vmf->orig_pte)) pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte = pte_mkuffd_wp(pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, pte); arch_do_swap_page(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmf->address, pte, vmf->orig_pte); vmf->orig_pte = pte; /* ksm created a completely new copy */ if (unlikely(page != swapcache && swapcache)) { page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { do_page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, exclusive); } swap_free(entry); if (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page)) try_to_free_swap(page); unlock_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { /* * Hold the lock to avoid the swap entry to be reused * until we take the PT lock for the pte_same() check * (to avoid false positives from pte_same). For * further safety release the lock after the swap_free * so that the swap count won't change under a * parallel locked swapcache. */ unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { ret |= do_wp_page(vmf); if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) ret &= VM_FAULT_ERROR; goto out; } /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: return ret; out_nomap: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out_page: unlock_page(page); out_release: put_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; pte_t entry; /* File mapping without ->vm_ops ? */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * Use pte_alloc() instead of pte_alloc_map(). We can't run * pte_offset_map() on pmds where a huge pmd might be created * from a different thread. * * pte_alloc_map() is safe to use under mmap_write_lock(mm) or when * parallel threads are excluded by other means. * * Here we only have mmap_read_lock(mm). */ if (pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* See the comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))) return 0; /* Use the zero-page for reads */ if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !mm_forbids_zeropage(vma->vm_mm)) { entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(vmf->address), vma->vm_page_prot)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto unlock; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } goto setpte; } /* Allocate our own private page. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!page) goto oom; if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_page; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that * preceding stores to the page contents become visible before * the set_pte_at() write. */ __SetPageUptodate(page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto release; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto release; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); put_page(page); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); setpte: set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; release: put_page(page); goto unlock; oom_free_page: put_page(page); oom: return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /* * The mmap_lock must have been held on entry, and may have been * released depending on flags and vma->vm_ops->fault() return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; /* * Preallocate pte before we take page_lock because this might lead to * deadlocks for memcg reclaim which waits for pages under writeback: * lock_page(A) * SetPageWriteback(A) * unlock_page(A) * lock_page(B) * lock_page(B) * pte_alloc_one * shrink_page_list * wait_on_page_writeback(A) * SetPageWriteback(B) * unlock_page(B) * # flush A, B to clear the writeback */ if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } ret = vma->vm_ops->fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY | VM_FAULT_DONE_COW))) return ret; if (unlikely(PageHWPoison(vmf->page))) { if (ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED) unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); vmf->page = NULL; return VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) lock_page(vmf->page); else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(vmf->page), vmf->page); return ret; } /* * The ordering of these checks is important for pmds with _PAGE_DEVMAP set. * If we check pmd_trans_unstable() first we will trip the bad_pmd() check * inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(). This will end up correctly * returning 1 but not before it spams dmesg with the pmd_clear_bad() output. */ static int pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { return pmd_devmap(*pmd) || pmd_trans_unstable(pmd); } static vm_fault_t pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) goto map_pte; if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); goto map_pte; } mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); pmd_populate(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } else if (unlikely(pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd))) { return VM_FAULT_OOM; } map_pte: /* * If a huge pmd materialized under us just retry later. Use * pmd_trans_unstable() via pmd_devmap_trans_unstable() instead of * pmd_trans_huge() to ensure the pmd didn't become pmd_trans_huge * under us and then back to pmd_none, as a result of MADV_DONTNEED * running immediately after a huge pmd fault in a different thread of * this mm, in turn leading to a misleading pmd_trans_huge() retval. * All we have to ensure is that it is a regular pmd that we can walk * with pte_offset_map() and we can do that through an atomic read in * C, which is what pmd_trans_unstable() provides. */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; /* * At this point we know that our vmf->pmd points to a page of ptes * and it cannot become pmd_none(), pmd_devmap() or pmd_trans_huge() * for the duration of the fault. If a racing MADV_DONTNEED runs and * we zap the ptes pointed to by our vmf->pmd, the vmf->ptl will still * be valid and we will re-check to make sure the vmf->pte isn't * pte_none() under vmf->ptl protection when we return to * alloc_set_pte(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static void deposit_prealloc_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); /* * We are going to consume the prealloc table, * count that as nr_ptes. */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; unsigned long haddr = vmf->address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK; pmd_t entry; int i; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (!transhuge_vma_suitable(vma, haddr)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); if (compound_order(page) != HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) return ret; /* * Archs like ppc64 need additonal space to store information * related to pte entry. Use the preallocated table for that. */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) goto out; for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) flush_icache_page(vma, page + i); entry = mk_huge_pmd(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if (write) entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma); add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page), HPAGE_PMD_NR); page_add_file_rmap(page, true); /* * deposit and withdraw with pmd lock held */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit()) deposit_prealloc_pte(vmf); set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, haddr, vmf->pmd, entry); update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd); /* fault is handled */ ret = 0; count_vm_event(THP_FILE_MAPPED); out: spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); return ret; } #else static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /** * alloc_set_pte - setup new PTE entry for given page and add reverse page * mapping. If needed, the function allocates page table or use pre-allocated. * * @vmf: fault environment * @page: page to map * * Caller must take care of unlocking vmf->ptl, if vmf->pte is non-NULL on * return. * * Target users are page handler itself and implementations of * vm_ops->map_pages. * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; pte_t entry; vm_fault_t ret; if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && PageTransCompound(page)) { ret = do_set_pmd(vmf, page); if (ret != VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) return ret; } if (!vmf->pte) { ret = pte_alloc_one_map(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } /* Re-check under ptl */ if (unlikely(!pte_none(*vmf->pte))) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (write) entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* copy-on-write page */ if (write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* no need to invalidate: a not-present page won't be cached */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return 0; } /** * finish_fault - finish page fault once we have prepared the page to fault * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a page fault once the * page to fault in is prepared. It handles locking of PTEs, inserts PTE for * given page, adds reverse page mapping, handles memcg charges and LRU * addition. * * The function expects the page to be locked and on success it consumes a * reference of a page being mapped (for the PTE which maps it). * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* Did we COW the page? */ if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) page = vmf->cow_page; else page = vmf->page; /* * check even for read faults because we might have lost our CoWed * page */ if (!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = check_stable_address_space(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!ret) ret = alloc_set_pte(vmf, page); if (vmf->pte) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; } static unsigned long fault_around_bytes __read_mostly = rounddown_pow_of_two(65536); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static int fault_around_bytes_get(void *data, u64 *val) { *val = fault_around_bytes; return 0; } /* * fault_around_bytes must be rounded down to the nearest page order as it's * what do_fault_around() expects to see. */ static int fault_around_bytes_set(void *data, u64 val) { if (val / PAGE_SIZE > PTRS_PER_PTE) return -EINVAL; if (val > PAGE_SIZE) fault_around_bytes = rounddown_pow_of_two(val); else fault_around_bytes = PAGE_SIZE; /* rounddown_pow_of_two(0) is undefined */ return 0; } DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE(fault_around_bytes_fops, fault_around_bytes_get, fault_around_bytes_set, "%llu\n"); static int __init fault_around_debugfs(void) { debugfs_create_file_unsafe("fault_around_bytes", 0644, NULL, NULL, &fault_around_bytes_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(fault_around_debugfs); #endif /* * do_fault_around() tries to map few pages around the fault address. The hope * is that the pages will be needed soon and this will lower the number of * faults to handle. * * It uses vm_ops->map_pages() to map the pages, which skips the page if it's * not ready to be mapped: not up-to-date, locked, etc. * * This function is called with the page table lock taken. In the split ptlock * case the page table lock only protects only those entries which belong to * the page table corresponding to the fault address. * * This function doesn't cross the VMA boundaries, in order to call map_pages() * only once. * * fault_around_bytes defines how many bytes we'll try to map. * do_fault_around() expects it to be set to a power of two less than or equal * to PTRS_PER_PTE. * * The virtual address of the area that we map is naturally aligned to * fault_around_bytes rounded down to the machine page size * (and therefore to page order). This way it's easier to guarantee * that we don't cross page table boundaries. */ static vm_fault_t do_fault_around(struct vm_fault *vmf) { unsigned long address = vmf->address, nr_pages, mask; pgoff_t start_pgoff = vmf->pgoff; pgoff_t end_pgoff; int off; vm_fault_t ret = 0; nr_pages = READ_ONCE(fault_around_bytes) >> PAGE_SHIFT; mask = ~(nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; vmf->address = max(address & mask, vmf->vma->vm_start); off = ((address - vmf->address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); start_pgoff -= off; /* * end_pgoff is either the end of the page table, the end of * the vma or nr_pages from start_pgoff, depending what is nearest. */ end_pgoff = start_pgoff - ((vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1)) + PTRS_PER_PTE - 1; end_pgoff = min3(end_pgoff, vma_pages(vmf->vma) + vmf->vma->vm_pgoff - 1, start_pgoff + nr_pages - 1); if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) goto out; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->vma->vm_ops->map_pages(vmf, start_pgoff, end_pgoff); /* Huge page is mapped? Page fault is solved */ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) { ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } /* ->map_pages() haven't done anything useful. Cold page cache? */ if (!vmf->pte) goto out; /* check if the page fault is solved */ vmf->pte -= (vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) - (address >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: vmf->address = address; vmf->pte = NULL; return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_read_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* * Let's call ->map_pages() first and use ->fault() as fallback * if page by the offset is not ready to be mapped (cold cache or * something). */ if (vma->vm_ops->map_pages && fault_around_bytes >> PAGE_SHIFT > 1) { ret = do_fault_around(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_cow_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf->cow_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!vmf->cow_page) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (mem_cgroup_charge(vmf->cow_page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(vmf->cow_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(vmf->cow_page, GFP_KERNEL); ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; if (ret & VM_FAULT_DONE_COW) return ret; copy_user_highpage(vmf->cow_page, vmf->page, vmf->address, vma); __SetPageUptodate(vmf->cow_page); ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; return ret; uncharge_out: put_page(vmf->cow_page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_shared_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret, tmp; ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; /* * Check if the backing address space wants to know that the page is * about to become writable */ if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { unlock_page(vmf->page); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } ret |= finish_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults). * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). * If mmap_lock is released, vma may become invalid (for example * by other thread calling munmap()). */ static vm_fault_t do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *vm_mm = vma->vm_mm; vm_fault_t ret; /* * The VMA was not fully populated on mmap() or missing VM_DONTEXPAND */ if (!vma->vm_ops->fault) { /* * If we find a migration pmd entry or a none pmd entry, which * should never happen, return SIGBUS */ if (unlikely(!pmd_present(*vmf->pmd))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else { vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * Make sure this is not a temporary clearing of pte * by holding ptl and checking again. A R/M/W update * of pte involves: take ptl, clearing the pte so that * we don't have concurrent modification by hardware * followed by an update. */ if (unlikely(pte_none(*vmf->pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); } } else if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) ret = do_read_fault(vmf); else if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = do_cow_fault(vmf); else ret = do_shared_fault(vmf); /* preallocated pagetable is unused: free it */ if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { pte_free(vm_mm, vmf->prealloc_pte); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } return ret; } static int numa_migrate_prep(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int page_nid, int *flags) { get_page(page); count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS); if (page_nid == numa_node_id()) { count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS_LOCAL); *flags |= TNF_FAULT_LOCAL; } return mpol_misplaced(page, vma, addr); } static vm_fault_t do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL; int page_nid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int last_cpupid; int target_nid; bool migrated = false; pte_t pte, old_pte; bool was_writable = pte_savedwrite(vmf->orig_pte); int flags = 0; /* * The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without * validation through pte_unmap_same(). It's of NUMA type but * the pfn may be screwed if the read is non atomic. */ vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); goto out; } /* * Make it present again, Depending on how arch implementes non * accessible ptes, some can allow access by kernel mode. */ old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte = pte_modify(old_pte, vma->vm_page_prot); pte = pte_mkyoung(pte); if (was_writable) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, old_pte, pte); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, pte); if (!page) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* TODO: handle PTE-mapped THP */ if (PageCompound(page)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * Avoid grouping on RO pages in general. RO pages shouldn't hurt as * much anyway since they can be in shared cache state. This misses * the case where a mapping is writable but the process never writes * to it but pte_write gets cleared during protection updates and * pte_dirty has unpredictable behaviour between PTE scan updates, * background writeback, dirty balancing and application behaviour. */ if (!pte_write(pte)) flags |= TNF_NO_GROUP; /* * Flag if the page is shared between multiple address spaces. This * is later used when determining whether to group tasks together */ if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) flags |= TNF_SHARED; last_cpupid = page_cpupid_last(page); page_nid = page_to_nid(page); target_nid = numa_migrate_prep(page, vma, vmf->address, page_nid, &flags); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); if (target_nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) { put_page(page); goto out; } /* Migrate to the requested node */ migrated = migrate_misplaced_page(page, vma, target_nid); if (migrated) { page_nid = target_nid; flags |= TNF_MIGRATED; } else flags |= TNF_MIGRATE_FAIL; out: if (page_nid != NUMA_NO_NODE) task_numa_fault(last_cpupid, page_nid, 1, flags); return 0; } static inline vm_fault_t create_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(vmf); if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* `inline' is required to avoid gcc 4.1.2 build error */ static inline vm_fault_t wp_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) { if (userfaultfd_huge_pmd_wp(vmf->vma, orig_pmd)) return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); return do_huge_pmd_wp_page(vmf, orig_pmd); } if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } /* COW or write-notify handled on pte level: split pmd. */ __split_huge_pmd(vmf->vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, false, NULL); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t create_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) goto split; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } split: /* COW or write-notify not handled on PUD level: split pud.*/ __split_huge_pud(vmf->vma, vmf->pud, vmf->address); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t wp_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* * These routines also need to handle stuff like marking pages dirty * and/or accessed for architectures that don't do it in hardware (most * RISC architectures). The early dirtying is also good on the i386. * * There is also a hook called "update_mmu_cache()" that architectures * with external mmu caches can use to update those (ie the Sparc or * PowerPC hashed page tables that act as extended TLBs). * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, but allow * concurrent faults). * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { pte_t entry; if (unlikely(pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { /* * Leave __pte_alloc() until later: because vm_ops->fault may * want to allocate huge page, and if we expose page table * for an instant, it will be difficult to retract from * concurrent faults and from rmap lookups. */ vmf->pte = NULL; } else { /* See comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return 0; /* * A regular pmd is established and it can't morph into a huge * pmd from under us anymore at this point because we hold the * mmap_lock read mode and khugepaged takes it in write mode. * So now it's safe to run pte_offset_map(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map(vmf->pmd, vmf->address); vmf->orig_pte = *vmf->pte; /* * some architectures can have larger ptes than wordsize, * e.g.ppc44x-defconfig has CONFIG_PTE_64BIT=y and * CONFIG_32BIT=y, so READ_ONCE cannot guarantee atomic * accesses. The code below just needs a consistent view * for the ifs and we later double check anyway with the * ptl lock held. So here a barrier will do. */ barrier(); if (pte_none(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_unmap(vmf->pte); vmf->pte = NULL; } } if (!vmf->pte) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_anonymous_page(vmf); else return do_fault(vmf); } if (!pte_present(vmf->orig_pte)) return do_swap_page(vmf); if (pte_protnone(vmf->orig_pte) && vma_is_accessible(vmf->vma)) return do_numa_page(vmf); vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); entry = vmf->orig_pte; if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, entry))) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { if (!pte_write(entry)) return do_wp_page(vmf); entry = pte_mkdirty(entry); } entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) { update_mmu_cache(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } else { /* Skip spurious TLB flush for retried page fault */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED) goto unlock; /* * This is needed only for protection faults but the arch code * is not yet telling us if this is a protection fault or not. * This still avoids useless tlb flushes for .text page faults * with threads. */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vmf->vma, vmf->address); } unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags) { struct vm_fault vmf = { .vma = vma, .address = address & PAGE_MASK, .flags = flags, .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address), .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma), }; unsigned int dirty = flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; vm_fault_t ret; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address); if (!p4d) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf.pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address); if (!vmf.pud) return VM_FAULT_OOM; retry_pud: if (pud_none(*vmf.pud) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pud(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pud_t orig_pud = *vmf.pud; barrier(); if (pud_trans_huge(orig_pud) || pud_devmap(orig_pud)) { /* NUMA case for anonymous PUDs would go here */ if (dirty && !pud_write(orig_pud)) { ret = wp_huge_pud(&vmf, orig_pud); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pud_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pud); return 0; } } } vmf.pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, vmf.pud, address); if (!vmf.pmd) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* Huge pud page fault raced with pmd_alloc? */ if (pud_trans_unstable(vmf.pud)) goto retry_pud; if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pmd_t orig_pmd = *vmf.pmd; barrier(); if (unlikely(is_swap_pmd(orig_pmd))) { VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() && !is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)); if (is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)) pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, vmf.pmd); return 0; } if (pmd_trans_huge(orig_pmd) || pmd_devmap(orig_pmd)) { if (pmd_protnone(orig_pmd) && vma_is_accessible(vma)) return do_huge_pmd_numa_page(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (dirty && !pmd_write(orig_pmd)) { ret = wp_huge_pmd(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pmd_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pmd); return 0; } } } return handle_pte_fault(&vmf); } /** * mm_account_fault - Do page fault accountings * * @regs: the pt_regs struct pointer. When set to NULL, will skip accounting * of perf event counters, but we'll still do the per-task accounting to * the task who triggered this page fault. * @address: the faulted address. * @flags: the fault flags. * @ret: the fault retcode. * * This will take care of most of the page fault accountings. Meanwhile, it * will also include the PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_[MAJ|MIN] perf counter * updates. However note that the handling of PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS should * still be in per-arch page fault handlers at the entry of page fault. */ static inline void mm_account_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, vm_fault_t ret) { bool major; /* * We don't do accounting for some specific faults: * * - Unsuccessful faults (e.g. when the address wasn't valid). That * includes arch_vma_access_permitted() failing before reaching here. * So this is not a "this many hardware page faults" counter. We * should use the hw profiling for that. * * - Incomplete faults (VM_FAULT_RETRY). They will only be counted * once they're completed. */ if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_RETRY)) return; /* * We define the fault as a major fault when the final successful fault * is VM_FAULT_MAJOR, or if it retried (which implies that we couldn't * handle it immediately previously). */ major = (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR) || (flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED); if (major) current->maj_flt++; else current->min_flt++; /* * If the fault is done for GUP, regs will be NULL. We only do the * accounting for the per thread fault counters who triggered the * fault, and we skip the perf event updates. */ if (!regs) return; if (major) perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MAJ, 1, regs, address); else perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MIN, 1, regs, address); } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { vm_fault_t ret; __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); count_vm_event(PGFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGFAULT); /* do counter updates before entering really critical section. */ check_sync_rss_stat(current); if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, flags & FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, flags & FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE)) return VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV; /* * Enable the memcg OOM handling for faults triggered in user * space. Kernel faults are handled more gracefully. */ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(); if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags); else ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) { mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(); /* * The task may have entered a memcg OOM situation but * if the allocation error was handled gracefully (no * VM_FAULT_OOM), there is no need to kill anything. * Just clean up the OOM state peacefully. */ if (task_in_memcg_oom(current) && !(ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)) mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(false); } mm_account_fault(regs, address, flags, ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_mm_fault); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED /* * Allocate p4d page table. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { p4d_t *new = p4d_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (pgd_present(*pgd)) /* Another has populated it */ p4d_free(mm, new); else pgd_populate(mm, pgd, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page upper directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { pud_t *new = pud_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) { mm_inc_nr_puds(mm); p4d_populate(mm, p4d, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pud_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page middle directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { spinlock_t *ptl; pmd_t *new = pmd_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ ptl = pud_lock(mm, pud); if (!pud_present(*pud)) { mm_inc_nr_pmds(mm); pud_populate(mm, pud, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pmd_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(ptl); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED */ int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d) || unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { if (!pmdpp) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PMD_MASK, (address & PMD_MASK) + PMD_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } *ptlp = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { *pmdpp = pmd; return 0; } spin_unlock(*ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); } if (pmd_none(*pmd) || unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PAGE_MASK, (address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp); if (!pte_present(*ptep)) goto unlock; *ptepp = ptep; return 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, *ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); out: return -EINVAL; } /** * follow_pte - look up PTE at a user virtual address * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @address: user virtual address * @ptepp: location to store found PTE * @ptlp: location to store the lock for the PTE * * On a successful return, the pointer to the PTE is stored in @ptepp; * the corresponding lock is taken and its location is stored in @ptlp. * The contents of the PTE are only stable until @ptlp is released; * any further use, if any, must be protected against invalidation * with MMU notifiers. * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. The mmap semaphore * should be taken for read. * * KVM uses this function. While it is arguably less bad than ``follow_pfn``, * it is not a good general-purpose API. * * Return: zero on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { return follow_invalidate_pte(mm, address, NULL, ptepp, NULL, ptlp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(follow_pte); /** * follow_pfn - look up PFN at a user virtual address * @vma: memory mapping * @address: user virtual address * @pfn: location to store found PFN * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. * * This function does not allow the caller to read the permissions * of the PTE. Do not use it. * * Return: zero and the pfn at @pfn on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn) { int ret = -EINVAL; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *ptep; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) return ret; ret = follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl); if (ret) return ret; *pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep); pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_pfn); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys) { int ret = -EINVAL; pte_t *ptep, pte; spinlock_t *ptl; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) goto out; if (follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl)) goto out; pte = *ptep; if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte)) goto unlock; *prot = pgprot_val(pte_pgprot(pte)); *phys = (resource_size_t)pte_pfn(pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; ret = 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); out: return ret; } int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write) { resource_size_t phys_addr; unsigned long prot = 0; void __iomem *maddr; int offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (follow_phys(vma, addr, write, &prot, &phys_addr)) return -EINVAL; maddr = ioremap_prot(phys_addr, PAGE_ALIGN(len + offset), prot); if (!maddr) return -ENOMEM; if (write) memcpy_toio(maddr + offset, buf, len); else memcpy_fromio(buf, maddr + offset, len); iounmap(maddr); return len; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_access_phys); #endif /* * Access another process' address space as given in mm. If non-NULL, use the * given task for page fault accounting. */ int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; void *old_buf = buf; int write = gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE; if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm)) return 0; /* ignore errors, just check how much was successfully transferred */ while (len) { int bytes, ret, offset; void *maddr; struct page *page = NULL; ret = get_user_pages_remote(mm, addr, 1, gup_flags, &page, &vma, NULL); if (ret <= 0) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT break; #else /* * Check if this is a VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP VMA, which * we can access using slightly different code. */ vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (!vma || vma->vm_start > addr) break; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->access) ret = vma->vm_ops->access(vma, addr, buf, len, write); if (ret <= 0) break; bytes = ret; #endif } else { bytes = len; offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (bytes > PAGE_SIZE-offset) bytes = PAGE_SIZE-offset; maddr = kmap(page); if (write) { copy_to_user_page(vma, page, addr, maddr + offset, buf, bytes); set_page_dirty_lock(page); } else { copy_from_user_page(vma, page, addr, buf, maddr + offset, bytes); } kunmap(page); put_page(page); } len -= bytes; buf += bytes; addr += bytes; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); return buf - old_buf; } /** * access_remote_vm - access another process' address space * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @addr: start address to access * @buf: source or destination buffer * @len: number of bytes to transfer * @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour * * The caller must hold a reference on @mm. * * Return: number of bytes copied from source to destination. */ int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { return __access_remote_vm(NULL, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); } /* * Access another process' address space. * Source/target buffer must be kernel space, * Do not walk the page table directly, use get_user_pages */ int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct mm_struct *mm; int ret; mm = get_task_mm(tsk); if (!mm) return 0; ret = __access_remote_vm(tsk, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); mmput(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(access_process_vm); /* * Print the name of a VMA. */ void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long ip) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* * we might be running from an atomic context so we cannot sleep */ if (!mmap_read_trylock(mm)) return; vma = find_vma(mm, ip); if (vma && vma->vm_file) { struct file *f = vma->vm_file; char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_NOWAIT); if (buf) { char *p; p = file_path(f, buf, PAGE_SIZE); if (IS_ERR(p)) p = "?"; printk("%s%s[%lx+%lx]", prefix, kbasename(p), vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } mmap_read_unlock(mm); } #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) void __might_fault(const char *file, int line) { /* * Some code (nfs/sunrpc) uses socket ops on kernel memory while * holding the mmap_lock, this is safe because kernel memory doesn't * get paged out, therefore we'll never actually fault, and the * below annotations will generate false positives. */ if (uaccess_kernel()) return; if (pagefault_disabled()) return; __might_sleep(file, line, 0); #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) if (current->mm) might_lock_read(&current->mm->mmap_lock); #endif } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__might_fault); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) /* * Process all subpages of the specified huge page with the specified * operation. The target subpage will be processed last to keep its * cache lines hot. */ static inline void process_huge_page( unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, void (*process_subpage)(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg), void *arg) { int i, n, base, l; unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); /* Process target subpage last to keep its cache lines hot */ might_sleep(); n = (addr_hint - addr) / PAGE_SIZE; if (2 * n <= pages_per_huge_page) { /* If target subpage in first half of huge page */ base = 0; l = n; /* Process subpages at the end of huge page */ for (i = pages_per_huge_page - 1; i >= 2 * n; i--) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } else { /* If target subpage in second half of huge page */ base = pages_per_huge_page - 2 * (pages_per_huge_page - n); l = pages_per_huge_page - n; /* Process subpages at the begin of huge page */ for (i = 0; i < base; i++) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } /* * Process remaining subpages in left-right-left-right pattern * towards the target subpage */ for (i = 0; i < l; i++) { int left_idx = base + i; int right_idx = base + 2 * l - 1 - i; cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + left_idx * PAGE_SIZE, left_idx, arg); cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + right_idx * PAGE_SIZE, right_idx, arg); } } static void clear_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *p = page; might_sleep(); for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, p = mem_map_next(p, page, i)) { cond_resched(); clear_user_highpage(p, addr + i * PAGE_SIZE); } } static void clear_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct page *page = arg; clear_user_highpage(page + idx, addr); } void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { clear_gigantic_page(page, addr, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, clear_subpage, page); } static void copy_user_gigantic_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *dst_base = dst; struct page *src_base = src; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; ) { cond_resched(); copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr + i*PAGE_SIZE, vma); i++; dst = mem_map_next(dst, dst_base, i); src = mem_map_next(src, src_base, i); } } struct copy_subpage_arg { struct page *dst; struct page *src; struct vm_area_struct *vma; }; static void copy_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct copy_subpage_arg *copy_arg = arg; copy_user_highpage(copy_arg->dst + idx, copy_arg->src + idx, addr, copy_arg->vma); } void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); struct copy_subpage_arg arg = { .dst = dst, .src = src, .vma = vma, }; if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { copy_user_gigantic_page(dst, src, addr, vma, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, copy_subpage, &arg); } long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault) { void *src = (void *)usr_src; void *page_kaddr; unsigned long i, rc = 0; unsigned long ret_val = pages_per_huge_page * PAGE_SIZE; struct page *subpage = dst_page; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, subpage = mem_map_next(subpage, dst_page, i)) { if (allow_pagefault) page_kaddr = kmap(subpage); else page_kaddr = kmap_atomic(subpage); rc = copy_from_user(page_kaddr, (const void __user *)(src + i * PAGE_SIZE), PAGE_SIZE); if (allow_pagefault) kunmap(subpage); else kunmap_atomic(page_kaddr); ret_val -= (PAGE_SIZE - rc); if (rc) break; cond_resched(); } return ret_val; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS && ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS static struct kmem_cache *page_ptl_cachep; void __init ptlock_cache_init(void) { page_ptl_cachep = kmem_cache_create("page->ptl", sizeof(spinlock_t), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = kmem_cache_alloc(page_ptl_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ptl) return false; page->ptl = ptl; return true; } void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { kmem_cache_free(page_ptl_cachep, page->ptl); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _IPV6_FRAG_H #define _IPV6_FRAG_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <net/addrconf.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <net/inet_frag.h> enum ip6_defrag_users { IP6_DEFRAG_LOCAL_DELIVER, IP6_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_IN, __IP6_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_IN = IP6_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_IN + USHRT_MAX, IP6_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_OUT, __IP6_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_OUT = IP6_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_OUT + USHRT_MAX, IP6_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_BRIDGE_IN, __IP6_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_BRIDGE_IN = IP6_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_BRIDGE_IN + USHRT_MAX, }; /* * Equivalent of ipv4 struct ip */ struct frag_queue { struct inet_frag_queue q; int iif; __u16 nhoffset; u8 ecn; }; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline void ip6frag_init(struct inet_frag_queue *q, const void *a) { struct frag_queue *fq = container_of(q, struct frag_queue, q); const struct frag_v6_compare_key *key = a; q->key.v6 = *key; fq->ecn = 0; } static inline u32 ip6frag_key_hashfn(const void *data, u32 len, u32 seed) { return jhash2(data, sizeof(struct frag_v6_compare_key) / sizeof(u32), seed); } static inline u32 ip6frag_obj_hashfn(const void *data, u32 len, u32 seed) { const struct inet_frag_queue *fq = data; return jhash2((const u32 *)&fq->key.v6, sizeof(struct frag_v6_compare_key) / sizeof(u32), seed); } static inline int ip6frag_obj_cmpfn(struct rhashtable_compare_arg *arg, const void *ptr) { const struct frag_v6_compare_key *key = arg->key; const struct inet_frag_queue *fq = ptr; return !!memcmp(&fq->key, key, sizeof(*key)); } static inline void ip6frag_expire_frag_queue(struct net *net, struct frag_queue *fq) { struct net_device *dev = NULL; struct sk_buff *head; rcu_read_lock(); if (fq->q.fqdir->dead) goto out_rcu_unlock; spin_lock(&fq->q.lock); if (fq->q.flags & INET_FRAG_COMPLETE) goto out; inet_frag_kill(&fq->q); dev = dev_get_by_index_rcu(net, fq->iif); if (!dev) goto out; __IP6_INC_STATS(net, __in6_dev_get(dev), IPSTATS_MIB_REASMFAILS); __IP6_INC_STATS(net, __in6_dev_get(dev), IPSTATS_MIB_REASMTIMEOUT); /* Don't send error if the first segment did not arrive. */ if (!(fq->q.flags & INET_FRAG_FIRST_IN)) goto out; /* sk_buff::dev and sk_buff::rbnode are unionized. So we * pull the head out of the tree in order to be able to * deal with head->dev. */ head = inet_frag_pull_head(&fq->q); if (!head) goto out; head->dev = dev; spin_unlock(&fq->q.lock); icmpv6_send(head, ICMPV6_TIME_EXCEED, ICMPV6_EXC_FRAGTIME, 0); kfree_skb(head); goto out_rcu_unlock; out: spin_unlock(&fq->q.lock); out_rcu_unlock: rcu_read_unlock(); inet_frag_put(&fq->q); } /* Check if the upper layer header is truncated in the first fragment. */ static inline bool ipv6frag_thdr_truncated(struct sk_buff *skb, int start, u8 *nexthdrp) { u8 nexthdr = *nexthdrp; __be16 frag_off; int offset; offset = ipv6_skip_exthdr(skb, start, &nexthdr, &frag_off); if (offset < 0 || (frag_off & htons(IP6_OFFSET))) return false; switch (nexthdr) { case NEXTHDR_TCP: offset += sizeof(struct tcphdr); break; case NEXTHDR_UDP: offset += sizeof(struct udphdr); break; case NEXTHDR_ICMP: offset += sizeof(struct icmp6hdr); break; default: offset += 1; } if (offset > skb->len) return true; return false; } #endif #endif
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2208 2209 2210 2211 2212 2213 2214 2215 2216 2217 2218 2219 2220 2221 2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 2285 2286 2287 2288 2289 2290 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299 2300 2301 2302 2303 2304 2305 2306 2307 2308 2309 2310 2311 2312 2313 2314 2315 2316 2317 2318 2319 2320 2321 2322 2323 2324 2325 2326 2327 2328 2329 2330 2331 2332 2333 2334 2335 2336 2337 2338 2339 2340 2341 2342 2343 2344 2345 2346 2347 2348 2349 2350 2351 2352 2353 2354 2355 2356 2357 2358 2359 2360 2361 2362 2363 2364 2365 2366 2367 2368 2369 2370 2371 2372 2373 2374 2375 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the TCP module. * * Version: @(#)tcp.h 1.0.5 05/23/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _TCP_H #define _TCP_H #define FASTRETRANS_DEBUG 1 #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/tcp.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/ktime.h> #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> #include <net/inet_connection_sock.h> #include <net/inet_timewait_sock.h> #include <net/inet_hashtables.h> #include <net/checksum.h> #include <net/request_sock.h> #include <net/sock_reuseport.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/ip.h> #include <net/tcp_states.h> #include <net/inet_ecn.h> #include <net/dst.h> #include <net/mptcp.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/bpf-cgroup.h> #include <linux/siphash.h> extern struct inet_hashinfo tcp_hashinfo; DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, tcp_orphan_count); int tcp_orphan_count_sum(void); void tcp_time_wait(struct sock *sk, int state, int timeo); #define MAX_TCP_HEADER L1_CACHE_ALIGN(128 + MAX_HEADER) #define MAX_TCP_OPTION_SPACE 40 #define TCP_MIN_SND_MSS 48 #define TCP_MIN_GSO_SIZE (TCP_MIN_SND_MSS - MAX_TCP_OPTION_SPACE) /* * Never offer a window over 32767 without using window scaling. Some * poor stacks do signed 16bit maths! */ #define MAX_TCP_WINDOW 32767U /* Minimal accepted MSS. It is (60+60+8) - (20+20). */ #define TCP_MIN_MSS 88U /* The initial MTU to use for probing */ #define TCP_BASE_MSS 1024 /* probing interval, default to 10 minutes as per RFC4821 */ #define TCP_PROBE_INTERVAL 600 /* Specify interval when tcp mtu probing will stop */ #define TCP_PROBE_THRESHOLD 8 /* After receiving this amount of duplicate ACKs fast retransmit starts. */ #define TCP_FASTRETRANS_THRESH 3 /* Maximal number of ACKs sent quickly to accelerate slow-start. */ #define TCP_MAX_QUICKACKS 16U /* Maximal number of window scale according to RFC1323 */ #define TCP_MAX_WSCALE 14U /* urg_data states */ #define TCP_URG_VALID 0x0100 #define TCP_URG_NOTYET 0x0200 #define TCP_URG_READ 0x0400 #define TCP_RETR1 3 /* * This is how many retries it does before it * tries to figure out if the gateway is * down. Minimal RFC value is 3; it corresponds * to ~3sec-8min depending on RTO. */ #define TCP_RETR2 15 /* * This should take at least * 90 minutes to time out. * RFC1122 says that the limit is 100 sec. * 15 is ~13-30min depending on RTO. */ #define TCP_SYN_RETRIES 6 /* This is how many retries are done * when active opening a connection. * RFC1122 says the minimum retry MUST * be at least 180secs. Nevertheless * this value is corresponding to * 63secs of retransmission with the * current initial RTO. */ #define TCP_SYNACK_RETRIES 5 /* This is how may retries are done * when passive opening a connection. * This is corresponding to 31secs of * retransmission with the current * initial RTO. */ #define TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN (60*HZ) /* how long to wait to destroy TIME-WAIT * state, about 60 seconds */ #define TCP_FIN_TIMEOUT TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN /* BSD style FIN_WAIT2 deadlock breaker. * It used to be 3min, new value is 60sec, * to combine FIN-WAIT-2 timeout with * TIME-WAIT timer. */ #define TCP_FIN_TIMEOUT_MAX (120 * HZ) /* max TCP_LINGER2 value (two minutes) */ #define TCP_DELACK_MAX ((unsigned)(HZ/5)) /* maximal time to delay before sending an ACK */ #if HZ >= 100 #define TCP_DELACK_MIN ((unsigned)(HZ/25)) /* minimal time to delay before sending an ACK */ #define TCP_ATO_MIN ((unsigned)(HZ/25)) #else #define TCP_DELACK_MIN 4U #define TCP_ATO_MIN 4U #endif #define TCP_RTO_MAX ((unsigned)(120*HZ)) #define TCP_RTO_MIN ((unsigned)(HZ/5)) #define TCP_TIMEOUT_MIN (2U) /* Min timeout for TCP timers in jiffies */ #define TCP_TIMEOUT_INIT ((unsigned)(1*HZ)) /* RFC6298 2.1 initial RTO value */ #define TCP_TIMEOUT_FALLBACK ((unsigned)(3*HZ)) /* RFC 1122 initial RTO value, now * used as a fallback RTO for the * initial data transmission if no * valid RTT sample has been acquired, * most likely due to retrans in 3WHS. */ #define TCP_RESOURCE_PROBE_INTERVAL ((unsigned)(HZ/2U)) /* Maximal interval between probes * for local resources. */ #define TCP_KEEPALIVE_TIME (120*60*HZ) /* two hours */ #define TCP_KEEPALIVE_PROBES 9 /* Max of 9 keepalive probes */ #define TCP_KEEPALIVE_INTVL (75*HZ) #define MAX_TCP_KEEPIDLE 32767 #define MAX_TCP_KEEPINTVL 32767 #define MAX_TCP_KEEPCNT 127 #define MAX_TCP_SYNCNT 127 #define TCP_SYNQ_INTERVAL (HZ/5) /* Period of SYNACK timer */ #define TCP_PAWS_24DAYS (60 * 60 * 24 * 24) #define TCP_PAWS_MSL 60 /* Per-host timestamps are invalidated * after this time. It should be equal * (or greater than) TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN * to provide reliability equal to one * provided by timewait state. */ #define TCP_PAWS_WINDOW 1 /* Replay window for per-host * timestamps. It must be less than * minimal timewait lifetime. */ /* * TCP option */ #define TCPOPT_NOP 1 /* Padding */ #define TCPOPT_EOL 0 /* End of options */ #define TCPOPT_MSS 2 /* Segment size negotiating */ #define TCPOPT_WINDOW 3 /* Window scaling */ #define TCPOPT_SACK_PERM 4 /* SACK Permitted */ #define TCPOPT_SACK 5 /* SACK Block */ #define TCPOPT_TIMESTAMP 8 /* Better RTT estimations/PAWS */ #define TCPOPT_MD5SIG 19 /* MD5 Signature (RFC2385) */ #define TCPOPT_MPTCP 30 /* Multipath TCP (RFC6824) */ #define TCPOPT_FASTOPEN 34 /* Fast open (RFC7413) */ #define TCPOPT_EXP 254 /* Experimental */ /* Magic number to be after the option value for sharing TCP * experimental options. See draft-ietf-tcpm-experimental-options-00.txt */ #define TCPOPT_FASTOPEN_MAGIC 0xF989 #define TCPOPT_SMC_MAGIC 0xE2D4C3D9 /* * TCP option lengths */ #define TCPOLEN_MSS 4 #define TCPOLEN_WINDOW 3 #define TCPOLEN_SACK_PERM 2 #define TCPOLEN_TIMESTAMP 10 #define TCPOLEN_MD5SIG 18 #define TCPOLEN_FASTOPEN_BASE 2 #define TCPOLEN_EXP_FASTOPEN_BASE 4 #define TCPOLEN_EXP_SMC_BASE 6 /* But this is what stacks really send out. */ #define TCPOLEN_TSTAMP_ALIGNED 12 #define TCPOLEN_WSCALE_ALIGNED 4 #define TCPOLEN_SACKPERM_ALIGNED 4 #define TCPOLEN_SACK_BASE 2 #define TCPOLEN_SACK_BASE_ALIGNED 4 #define TCPOLEN_SACK_PERBLOCK 8 #define TCPOLEN_MD5SIG_ALIGNED 20 #define TCPOLEN_MSS_ALIGNED 4 #define TCPOLEN_EXP_SMC_BASE_ALIGNED 8 /* Flags in tp->nonagle */ #define TCP_NAGLE_OFF 1 /* Nagle's algo is disabled */ #define TCP_NAGLE_CORK 2 /* Socket is corked */ #define TCP_NAGLE_PUSH 4 /* Cork is overridden for already queued data */ /* TCP thin-stream limits */ #define TCP_THIN_LINEAR_RETRIES 6 /* After 6 linear retries, do exp. backoff */ /* TCP initial congestion window as per rfc6928 */ #define TCP_INIT_CWND 10 /* Bit Flags for sysctl_tcp_fastopen */ #define TFO_CLIENT_ENABLE 1 #define TFO_SERVER_ENABLE 2 #define TFO_CLIENT_NO_COOKIE 4 /* Data in SYN w/o cookie option */ /* Accept SYN data w/o any cookie option */ #define TFO_SERVER_COOKIE_NOT_REQD 0x200 /* Force enable TFO on all listeners, i.e., not requiring the * TCP_FASTOPEN socket option. */ #define TFO_SERVER_WO_SOCKOPT1 0x400 /* sysctl variables for tcp */ extern int sysctl_tcp_max_orphans; extern long sysctl_tcp_mem[3]; #define TCP_RACK_LOSS_DETECTION 0x1 /* Use RACK to detect losses */ #define TCP_RACK_STATIC_REO_WND 0x2 /* Use static RACK reo wnd */ #define TCP_RACK_NO_DUPTHRESH 0x4 /* Do not use DUPACK threshold in RACK */ extern atomic_long_t tcp_memory_allocated; extern struct percpu_counter tcp_sockets_allocated; extern unsigned long tcp_memory_pressure; /* optimized version of sk_under_memory_pressure() for TCP sockets */ static inline bool tcp_under_memory_pressure(const struct sock *sk) { if (mem_cgroup_sockets_enabled && sk->sk_memcg && mem_cgroup_under_socket_pressure(sk->sk_memcg)) return true; return READ_ONCE(tcp_memory_pressure); } /* * The next routines deal with comparing 32 bit unsigned ints * and worry about wraparound (automatic with unsigned arithmetic). */ static inline bool before(__u32 seq1, __u32 seq2) { return (__s32)(seq1-seq2) < 0; } #define after(seq2, seq1) before(seq1, seq2) /* is s2<=s1<=s3 ? */ static inline bool between(__u32 seq1, __u32 seq2, __u32 seq3) { return seq3 - seq2 >= seq1 - seq2; } static inline bool tcp_out_of_memory(struct sock *sk) { if (sk->sk_wmem_queued > SOCK_MIN_SNDBUF && sk_memory_allocated(sk) > sk_prot_mem_limits(sk, 2)) return true; return false; } void sk_forced_mem_schedule(struct sock *sk, int size); bool tcp_check_oom(struct sock *sk, int shift); extern struct proto tcp_prot; #define TCP_INC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.tcp_statistics, field) #define __TCP_INC_STATS(net, field) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.tcp_statistics, field) #define TCP_DEC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_DEC_STATS((net)->mib.tcp_statistics, field) #define TCP_ADD_STATS(net, field, val) SNMP_ADD_STATS((net)->mib.tcp_statistics, field, val) void tcp_tasklet_init(void); int tcp_v4_err(struct sk_buff *skb, u32); void tcp_shutdown(struct sock *sk, int how); int tcp_v4_early_demux(struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_v4_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_v4_tw_remember_stamp(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw); int tcp_sendmsg(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); int tcp_sendmsg_locked(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); int tcp_sendpage(struct sock *sk, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); int tcp_sendpage_locked(struct sock *sk, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); ssize_t do_tcp_sendpages(struct sock *sk, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); int tcp_send_mss(struct sock *sk, int *size_goal, int flags); void tcp_push(struct sock *sk, int flags, int mss_now, int nonagle, int size_goal); void tcp_release_cb(struct sock *sk); void tcp_wfree(struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_write_timer_handler(struct sock *sk); void tcp_delack_timer_handler(struct sock *sk); int tcp_ioctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, unsigned long arg); int tcp_rcv_state_process(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_rcv_established(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_rcv_space_adjust(struct sock *sk); int tcp_twsk_unique(struct sock *sk, struct sock *sktw, void *twp); void tcp_twsk_destructor(struct sock *sk); ssize_t tcp_splice_read(struct socket *sk, loff_t *ppos, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, size_t len, unsigned int flags); void tcp_enter_quickack_mode(struct sock *sk, unsigned int max_quickacks); static inline void tcp_dec_quickack_mode(struct sock *sk, const unsigned int pkts) { struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk); if (icsk->icsk_ack.quick) { if (pkts >= icsk->icsk_ack.quick) { icsk->icsk_ack.quick = 0; /* Leaving quickack mode we deflate ATO. */ icsk->icsk_ack.ato = TCP_ATO_MIN; } else icsk->icsk_ack.quick -= pkts; } } #define TCP_ECN_OK 1 #define TCP_ECN_QUEUE_CWR 2 #define TCP_ECN_DEMAND_CWR 4 #define TCP_ECN_SEEN 8 enum tcp_tw_status { TCP_TW_SUCCESS = 0, TCP_TW_RST = 1, TCP_TW_ACK = 2, TCP_TW_SYN = 3 }; enum tcp_tw_status tcp_timewait_state_process(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tcphdr *th); struct sock *tcp_check_req(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, bool fastopen, bool *lost_race); int tcp_child_process(struct sock *parent, struct sock *child, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_enter_loss(struct sock *sk); void tcp_cwnd_reduction(struct sock *sk, int newly_acked_sacked, int flag); void tcp_clear_retrans(struct tcp_sock *tp); void tcp_update_metrics(struct sock *sk); void tcp_init_metrics(struct sock *sk); void tcp_metrics_init(void); bool tcp_peer_is_proven(struct request_sock *req, struct dst_entry *dst); void tcp_close(struct sock *sk, long timeout); void tcp_init_sock(struct sock *sk); void tcp_init_transfer(struct sock *sk, int bpf_op, struct sk_buff *skb); __poll_t tcp_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, struct poll_table_struct *wait); int tcp_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); int tcp_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen); void tcp_set_keepalive(struct sock *sk, int val); void tcp_syn_ack_timeout(const struct request_sock *req); int tcp_recvmsg(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len, int nonblock, int flags, int *addr_len); int tcp_set_rcvlowat(struct sock *sk, int val); void tcp_data_ready(struct sock *sk); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU int tcp_mmap(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #endif void tcp_parse_options(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcp_options_received *opt_rx, int estab, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc); const u8 *tcp_parse_md5sig_option(const struct tcphdr *th); /* * BPF SKB-less helpers */ u16 tcp_v4_get_syncookie(struct sock *sk, struct iphdr *iph, struct tcphdr *th, u32 *cookie); u16 tcp_v6_get_syncookie(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6hdr *iph, struct tcphdr *th, u32 *cookie); u16 tcp_get_syncookie_mss(struct request_sock_ops *rsk_ops, const struct tcp_request_sock_ops *af_ops, struct sock *sk, struct tcphdr *th); /* * TCP v4 functions exported for the inet6 API */ void tcp_v4_send_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_v4_mtu_reduced(struct sock *sk); void tcp_req_err(struct sock *sk, u32 seq, bool abort); void tcp_ld_RTO_revert(struct sock *sk, u32 seq); int tcp_v4_conn_request(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *tcp_create_openreq_child(const struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_ca_openreq_child(struct sock *sk, const struct dst_entry *dst); struct sock *tcp_v4_syn_recv_sock(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, struct dst_entry *dst, struct request_sock *req_unhash, bool *own_req); int tcp_v4_do_rcv(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_v4_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); int tcp_connect(struct sock *sk); enum tcp_synack_type { TCP_SYNACK_NORMAL, TCP_SYNACK_FASTOPEN, TCP_SYNACK_COOKIE, }; struct sk_buff *tcp_make_synack(const struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst, struct request_sock *req, struct tcp_fastopen_cookie *foc, enum tcp_synack_type synack_type, struct sk_buff *syn_skb); int tcp_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags); void tcp_finish_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int tcp_send_rcvq(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); void inet_sk_rx_dst_set(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb); /* From syncookies.c */ struct sock *tcp_get_cookie_sock(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct request_sock *req, struct dst_entry *dst, u32 tsoff); int __cookie_v4_check(const struct iphdr *iph, const struct tcphdr *th, u32 cookie); struct sock *cookie_v4_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct request_sock *cookie_tcp_reqsk_alloc(const struct request_sock_ops *ops, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_SYN_COOKIES /* Syncookies use a monotonic timer which increments every 60 seconds. * This counter is used both as a hash input and partially encoded into * the cookie value. A cookie is only validated further if the delta * between the current counter value and the encoded one is less than this, * i.e. a sent cookie is valid only at most for 2*60 seconds (or less if * the counter advances immediately after a cookie is generated). */ #define MAX_SYNCOOKIE_AGE 2 #define TCP_SYNCOOKIE_PERIOD (60 * HZ) #define TCP_SYNCOOKIE_VALID (MAX_SYNCOOKIE_AGE * TCP_SYNCOOKIE_PERIOD) /* syncookies: remember time of last synqueue overflow * But do not dirty this field too often (once per second is enough) * It is racy as we do not hold a lock, but race is very minor. */ static inline void tcp_synq_overflow(const struct sock *sk) { unsigned int last_overflow; unsigned int now = jiffies; if (sk->sk_reuseport) { struct sock_reuseport *reuse; reuse = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_reuseport_cb); if (likely(reuse)) { last_overflow = READ_ONCE(reuse->synq_overflow_ts); if (!time_between32(now, last_overflow, last_overflow + HZ)) WRITE_ONCE(reuse->synq_overflow_ts, now); return; } } last_overflow = READ_ONCE(tcp_sk(sk)->rx_opt.ts_recent_stamp); if (!time_between32(now, last_overflow, last_overflow + HZ)) WRITE_ONCE(tcp_sk(sk)->rx_opt.ts_recent_stamp, now); } /* syncookies: no recent synqueue overflow on this listening socket? */ static inline bool tcp_synq_no_recent_overflow(const struct sock *sk) { unsigned int last_overflow; unsigned int now = jiffies; if (sk->sk_reuseport) { struct sock_reuseport *reuse; reuse = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_reuseport_cb); if (likely(reuse)) { last_overflow = READ_ONCE(reuse->synq_overflow_ts); return !time_between32(now, last_overflow - HZ, last_overflow + TCP_SYNCOOKIE_VALID); } } last_overflow = READ_ONCE(tcp_sk(sk)->rx_opt.ts_recent_stamp); /* If last_overflow <= jiffies <= last_overflow + TCP_SYNCOOKIE_VALID, * then we're under synflood. However, we have to use * 'last_overflow - HZ' as lower bound. That's because a concurrent * tcp_synq_overflow() could update .ts_recent_stamp after we read * jiffies but before we store .ts_recent_stamp into last_overflow, * which could lead to rejecting a valid syncookie. */ return !time_between32(now, last_overflow - HZ, last_overflow + TCP_SYNCOOKIE_VALID); } static inline u32 tcp_cookie_time(void) { u64 val = get_jiffies_64(); do_div(val, TCP_SYNCOOKIE_PERIOD); return val; } u32 __cookie_v4_init_sequence(const struct iphdr *iph, const struct tcphdr *th, u16 *mssp); __u32 cookie_v4_init_sequence(const struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss); u64 cookie_init_timestamp(struct request_sock *req, u64 now); bool cookie_timestamp_decode(const struct net *net, struct tcp_options_received *opt); bool cookie_ecn_ok(const struct tcp_options_received *opt, const struct net *net, const struct dst_entry *dst); /* From net/ipv6/syncookies.c */ int __cookie_v6_check(const struct ipv6hdr *iph, const struct tcphdr *th, u32 cookie); struct sock *cookie_v6_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); u32 __cookie_v6_init_sequence(const struct ipv6hdr *iph, const struct tcphdr *th, u16 *mssp); __u32 cookie_v6_init_sequence(const struct sk_buff *skb, __u16 *mss); #endif /* tcp_output.c */ void __tcp_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk, unsigned int cur_mss, int nonagle); int __tcp_retransmit_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int segs); int tcp_retransmit_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int segs); void tcp_retransmit_timer(struct sock *sk); void tcp_xmit_retransmit_queue(struct sock *); void tcp_simple_retransmit(struct sock *); void tcp_enter_recovery(struct sock *sk, bool ece_ack); int tcp_trim_head(struct sock *, struct sk_buff *, u32); enum tcp_queue { TCP_FRAG_IN_WRITE_QUEUE, TCP_FRAG_IN_RTX_QUEUE, }; int tcp_fragment(struct sock *sk, enum tcp_queue tcp_queue, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 len, unsigned int mss_now, gfp_t gfp); void tcp_send_probe0(struct sock *); void tcp_send_partial(struct sock *); int tcp_write_wakeup(struct sock *, int mib); void tcp_send_fin(struct sock *sk); void tcp_send_active_reset(struct sock *sk, gfp_t priority); int tcp_send_synack(struct sock *); void tcp_push_one(struct sock *, unsigned int mss_now); void __tcp_send_ack(struct sock *sk, u32 rcv_nxt); void tcp_send_ack(struct sock *sk); void tcp_send_delayed_ack(struct sock *sk); void tcp_send_loss_probe(struct sock *sk); bool tcp_schedule_loss_probe(struct sock *sk, bool advancing_rto); void tcp_skb_collapse_tstamp(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct sk_buff *next_skb); /* tcp_input.c */ void tcp_rearm_rto(struct sock *sk); void tcp_synack_rtt_meas(struct sock *sk, struct request_sock *req); void tcp_reset(struct sock *sk); void tcp_skb_mark_lost_uncond_verify(struct tcp_sock *tp, struct sk_buff *skb); void tcp_fin(struct sock *sk); /* tcp_timer.c */ void tcp_init_xmit_timers(struct sock *); static inline void tcp_clear_xmit_timers(struct sock *sk) { if (hrtimer_try_to_cancel(&tcp_sk(sk)->pacing_timer) == 1) __sock_put(sk); if (hrtimer_try_to_cancel(&tcp_sk(sk)->compressed_ack_timer) == 1) __sock_put(sk); inet_csk_clear_xmit_timers(sk); } unsigned int tcp_sync_mss(struct sock *sk, u32 pmtu); unsigned int tcp_current_mss(struct sock *sk); u32 tcp_clamp_probe0_to_user_timeout(const struct sock *sk, u32 when); /* Bound MSS / TSO packet size with the half of the window */ static inline int tcp_bound_to_half_wnd(struct tcp_sock *tp, int pktsize) { int cutoff; /* When peer uses tiny windows, there is no use in packetizing * to sub-MSS pieces for the sake of SWS or making sure there * are enough packets in the pipe for fast recovery. * * On the other hand, for extremely large MSS devices, handling * smaller than MSS windows in this way does make sense. */ if (tp->max_window > TCP_MSS_DEFAULT) cutoff = (tp->max_window >> 1); else cutoff = tp->max_window; if (cutoff && pktsize > cutoff) return max_t(int, cutoff, 68U - tp->tcp_header_len); else return pktsize; } /* tcp.c */ void tcp_get_info(struct sock *, struct tcp_info *); /* Read 'sendfile()'-style from a TCP socket */ int tcp_read_sock(struct sock *sk, read_descriptor_t *desc, sk_read_actor_t recv_actor); void tcp_initialize_rcv_mss(struct sock *sk); int tcp_mtu_to_mss(struct sock *sk, int pmtu); int tcp_mss_to_mtu(struct sock *sk, int mss); void tcp_mtup_init(struct sock *sk); static inline void tcp_bound_rto(const struct sock *sk) { if (inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto > TCP_RTO_MAX) inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto = TCP_RTO_MAX; } static inline u32 __tcp_set_rto(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return usecs_to_jiffies((tp->srtt_us >> 3) + tp->rttvar_us); } static inline void __tcp_fast_path_on(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 snd_wnd) { /* mptcp hooks are only on the slow path */ if (sk_is_mptcp((struct sock *)tp)) return; tp->pred_flags = htonl((tp->tcp_header_len << 26) | ntohl(TCP_FLAG_ACK) | snd_wnd); } static inline void tcp_fast_path_on(struct tcp_sock *tp) { __tcp_fast_path_on(tp, tp->snd_wnd >> tp->rx_opt.snd_wscale); } static inline void tcp_fast_path_check(struct sock *sk) { struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk); if (RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&tp->out_of_order_queue) && tp->rcv_wnd && atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) < sk->sk_rcvbuf && !tp->urg_data) tcp_fast_path_on(tp); } /* Compute the actual rto_min value */ static inline u32 tcp_rto_min(struct sock *sk) { const struct dst_entry *dst = __sk_dst_get(sk); u32 rto_min = inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto_min; if (dst && dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_RTO_MIN)) rto_min = dst_metric_rtt(dst, RTAX_RTO_MIN); return rto_min; } static inline u32 tcp_rto_min_us(struct sock *sk) { return jiffies_to_usecs(tcp_rto_min(sk)); } static inline bool tcp_ca_dst_locked(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_CC_ALGO); } /* Minimum RTT in usec. ~0 means not available. */ static inline u32 tcp_min_rtt(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return minmax_get(&tp->rtt_min); } /* Compute the actual receive window we are currently advertising. * Rcv_nxt can be after the window if our peer push more data * than the offered window. */ static inline u32 tcp_receive_window(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { s32 win = tp->rcv_wup + tp->rcv_wnd - tp->rcv_nxt; if (win < 0) win = 0; return (u32) win; } /* Choose a new window, without checks for shrinking, and without * scaling applied to the result. The caller does these things * if necessary. This is a "raw" window selection. */ u32 __tcp_select_window(struct sock *sk); void tcp_send_window_probe(struct sock *sk); /* TCP uses 32bit jiffies to save some space. * Note that this is different from tcp_time_stamp, which * historically has been the same until linux-4.13. */ #define tcp_jiffies32 ((u32)jiffies) /* * Deliver a 32bit value for TCP timestamp option (RFC 7323) * It is no longer tied to jiffies, but to 1 ms clock. * Note: double check if you want to use tcp_jiffies32 instead of this. */ #define TCP_TS_HZ 1000 static inline u64 tcp_clock_ns(void) { return ktime_get_ns(); } static inline u64 tcp_clock_us(void) { return div_u64(tcp_clock_ns(), NSEC_PER_USEC); } /* This should only be used in contexts where tp->tcp_mstamp is up to date */ static inline u32 tcp_time_stamp(const struct tcp_sock *tp) { return div_u64(tp->tcp_mstamp, USEC_PER_SEC / TCP_TS_HZ); } /* Convert a nsec timestamp into TCP TSval timestamp (ms based currently) */ static inline u32 tcp_ns_to_ts(u64 ns) { return div_u64(ns, NSEC_PER_SEC / TCP_TS_HZ); } /* Could use tcp_clock_us() / 1000, but this version uses a single divide */ static inline u32 tcp_time_stamp_raw(void) { return tcp_ns_to_ts(tcp_clock_ns()); } void tcp_mstamp_refresh(struct tcp_sock *tp); static inline u32 tcp_stamp_us_delta(u64 t1, u64 t0) { return max_t(s64, t1 - t0, 0); } static inline u32 tcp_skb_timestamp(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return tcp_ns_to_ts(skb->skb_mstamp_ns); } /* provide the departure time in us unit */ static inline u64 tcp_skb_timestamp_us(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return div_u64(skb->skb_mstamp_ns, NSEC_PER_USEC); } #define tcp_flag_byte(th) (((u_int8_t *)th)[13]) #define TCPHDR_FIN 0x01 #define TCPHDR_SYN 0x02 #define TCPHDR_RST 0x04 #define TCPHDR_PSH 0x08 #define TCPHDR_ACK 0x10 #define TCPHDR_URG 0x20 #define TCPHDR_ECE 0x40 #define TCPHDR_CWR 0x80 #define TCPHDR_SYN_ECN (TCPHDR_SYN | TCPHDR_ECE | TCPHDR_CWR) /* This is what the send packet queuing engine uses to pass * TCP per-packet control information to the transmission code. * We also store the host-order sequence numbers in here too. * This is 44 bytes if IPV6 is enabled. * If this grows please adjust skbuff.h:skbuff->cb[xxx] size appropriately. */ struct tcp_skb_cb { __u32 seq; /* Starting sequence number */ __u32 end_seq; /* SEQ + FIN + SYN + datalen */ union { /* Note : tcp_tw_isn is used in input path only * (isn chosen by tcp_timewait_state_process()) * * tcp_gso_segs/size are used in write queue only, * cf tcp_skb_pcount()/tcp_skb_mss() */ __u32 tcp_tw_isn; struct { u16 tcp_gso_segs; u16 tcp_gso_size; }; }; __u8 tcp_flags; /* TCP header flags. (tcp[13]) */ __u8 sacked; /* State flags for SACK. */ #define TCPCB_SACKED_ACKED 0x01 /* SKB ACK'd by a SACK block */ #define TCPCB_SACKED_RETRANS 0x02 /* SKB retransmitted */ #define TCPCB_LOST 0x04 /* SKB is lost */ #define TCPCB_TAGBITS 0x07 /* All tag bits */ #define TCPCB_REPAIRED 0x10 /* SKB repaired (no skb_mstamp_ns) */ #define TCPCB_EVER_RETRANS 0x80 /* Ever retransmitted frame */ #define TCPCB_RETRANS (TCPCB_SACKED_RETRANS|TCPCB_EVER_RETRANS| \ TCPCB_REPAIRED) __u8 ip_dsfield; /* IPv4 tos or IPv6 dsfield */ __u8 txstamp_ack:1, /* Record TX timestamp for ack? */ eor:1, /* Is skb MSG_EOR marked? */ has_rxtstamp:1, /* SKB has a RX timestamp */ unused:5; __u32 ack_seq; /* Sequence number ACK'd */ union { struct { /* There is space for up to 24 bytes */ __u32 in_flight:30,/* Bytes in flight at transmit */ is_app_limited:1, /* cwnd not fully used? */ unused:1; /* pkts S/ACKed so far upon tx of skb, incl retrans: */ __u32 delivered; /* start of send pipeline phase */ u64 first_tx_mstamp; /* when we reached the "delivered" count */ u64 delivered_mstamp; } tx; /* only used for outgoing skbs */ union { struct inet_skb_parm h4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct inet6_skb_parm h6; #endif } header; /* For incoming skbs */ struct { __u32 flags; struct sock *sk_redir; void *data_end; } bpf; }; }; #define TCP_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct tcp_skb_cb *)&((__skb)->cb[0])) static inline void bpf_compute_data_end_sk_skb(struct sk_buff *skb) { TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->bpf.data_end = skb->data + skb_headlen(skb); } static inline bool tcp_skb_bpf_ingress(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->bpf.flags & BPF_F_INGRESS; } static inline struct sock *tcp_skb_bpf_redirect_fetch(struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->bpf.sk_redir; } static inline void tcp_skb_bpf_redirect_clear(struct sk_buff *skb) { TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->bpf.sk_redir = NULL; } extern const struct inet_connection_sock_af_ops ipv4_specific; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) /* This is the variant of inet6_iif() that must be used by TCP, * as TCP moves IP6CB into a different location in skb->cb[] */ static inline int tcp_v6_iif(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.iif; } static inline int tcp_v6_iif_l3_slave(const struct sk_buff *skb) { bool l3_slave = ipv6_l3mdev_skb(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.flags); return l3_slave ? skb->skb_iif : TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.iif; } /* TCP_SKB_CB reference means this can not be used from early demux */ static inline int tcp_v6_sdif(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) if (skb && ipv6_l3mdev_skb(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.flags)) return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h6.iif; #endif return 0; } extern const struct inet_connection_sock_af_ops ipv6_specific; INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(void tcp_v6_send_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int tcp_v6_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(void tcp_v6_early_demux(struct sk_buff *skb)); #endif /* TCP_SKB_CB reference means this can not be used from early demux */ static inline int tcp_v4_sdif(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) if (skb && ipv4_l3mdev_skb(TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h4.flags)) return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->header.h4.iif; #endif return 0; } /* Due to TSO, an SKB can be composed of multiple actual * packets. To keep these tracked properly, we use this. */ static inline int tcp_skb_pcount(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_segs; } static inline void tcp_skb_pcount_set(struct sk_buff *skb, int segs) { TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_segs = segs; } static inline void tcp_skb_pcount_add(struct sk_buff *skb, int segs) { TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_segs += segs; } /* This is valid iff skb is in write queue and tcp_skb_pcount() > 1. */ static inline int tcp_skb_mss(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->tcp_gso_size; } static inline bool tcp_skb_can_collapse_to(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return likely(!TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->eor); } static inline bool tcp_skb_can_collapse(const struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { return likely(tcp_skb_can_collapse_to(to) && mptcp_skb_can_collapse(to, from)); } /* Events passed to congestion control interface */ enum tcp_ca_event { CA_EVENT_TX_START, /* first transmit when no packets in flight */ CA_EVENT_CWND_RESTART, /* congestion window restart */ CA_EVENT_COMPLETE_CWR, /* end of congestion recovery */ CA_EVENT_LOSS, /* loss timeout */ CA_EVENT_ECN_NO_CE, /* ECT set, but not CE marked */ CA_EVENT_ECN_IS_CE, /* received CE marked IP packet */ }; /* Information about inbound ACK, passed to cong_ops->in_ack_event() */ enum tcp_ca_ack_event_flags { CA_ACK_SLOWPATH = (1 << 0), /* In slow path processing */ CA_ACK_WIN_UPDATE = (1 << 1), /* ACK updated window */ CA_ACK_ECE = (1 << 2), /* ECE bit is set on ack */ }; /* * Interface for adding new TCP congestion control handlers */ #define TCP_CA_NAME_MAX 16 #define TCP_CA_MAX 128 #define TCP_CA_BUF_MAX (TCP_CA_NAME_MAX*TCP_CA_MAX) #define TCP_CA_UNSPEC 0 /* Algorithm can be set on socket without CAP_NET_ADMIN privileges */ #define TCP_CONG_NON_RESTRICTED 0x1 /* Requires ECN/ECT set on all packets */ #define TCP_CONG_NEEDS_ECN 0x2 #define TCP_CONG_MASK (TCP_CONG_NON_RESTRICTED | TCP_CONG_NEEDS_ECN) union tcp_cc_info; struct ack_sample { u32 pkts_acked; s32 rtt_us; u32 in_flight; }; /* A rate sample measures the number of (original/retransmitted) data * packets delivered "delivered" over an interval of time "interval_us". * The tcp_rate.c code fills in the rate sample, and congestion * control modules that define a cong_control function to run at the end * of ACK processing can optionally chose to consult this sample when * setting cwnd and pacing rate. * A sample is invalid if "delivered" or "interval_us" is negative. */ struct rate_sample { u64 prior_mstamp; /* starting timestamp for interval */ u32 prior_delivered; /* tp->delivered at "prior_mstamp" */ s32 delivered; /* number of packets delivered over interval */ long interval_us; /* time for tp->delivered to incr "delivered" */ u32 snd_interval_us; /* snd interval for delivered packets */ u32 rcv_interval_us; /* rcv interval for delivered packets */ long rtt_us; /* RTT of last (S)ACKed packet (or -1) */ int losses; /* number of packets marked lost upon ACK */ u32 acked_sacked; /* number of packets newly (S)ACKed upon ACK */ u32 prior_in_flight; /* in flight before this ACK */ bool is_app_limited; /* is sample from packet with bubble in pipe? */ bool is_retrans; /* is sample from retransmission? */ bool is_ack_delayed; /* is this (likely) a delayed ACK? */ }; struct tcp_congestion_ops { struct list_head list; u32 key; u32 flags; /* initialize private data (optional) */ void (*init)(struct sock *sk); /* cleanup private data (optional) */ void (*release)(struct sock *sk); /* return slow start threshold (required) */ u32 (*ssthresh)(struct sock *sk); /* do new cwnd calculation (required) */ void (*cong_avoid)(struct sock *sk, u32 ack, u32 acked); /* call before changing ca_state (optional) */ void (*set_state)(struct sock *sk, u8 new_state); /* call when cwnd event occurs (optional) */ void (*cwnd_event)(struct sock *sk, enum tcp_ca_event ev); /* call when ack arrives (optional) */ void (*in_ack_event)(struct sock *sk, u32 flags); /* new value of cwnd after loss (required) */ u32 (*undo_cwnd)(struct sock *sk); /* hook for packet ack accounting (optional) */ void (*pkts_acked)(struct sock *sk, const struct ack_sample *sample); /* override sysctl_tcp_min_tso_segs */ u32 (*min_tso_segs)(struct sock *sk); /* returns the multiplier used in tcp_sndbuf_expand (optional) */ u32 (*sndbuf_expand)(struct sock *sk); /* call when packets are delivered to update cwnd and pacing rate, * after all the ca_state processing. (optional) */ void (*cong_control)(struct sock *sk, const struct rate_sample *rs); /* get info for inet_diag (optional) */ size_t (*get_info)(struct sock *sk, u32 ext, int *attr, union tcp_cc_info *info); char name[TCP_CA_NAME_MAX]; struct module *owner; }; int tcp_register_congestion_control(struct tcp_congestion_ops *type); void tcp_unregister_congestion_control(struct tcp_congestion_ops *type); void tcp_assign_congestion_control(struct sock *sk); void tcp_init_congestion_control(struct sock *sk); void tcp_cleanup_congestion_control(struct sock *sk); int tcp_set_default_congestion_control(struct net *net, const char *name); void tcp_get_default_congestion_control(struct net *net, char *name); void tcp_get_available_congestion_control(char *buf, size_t len); void tcp_get_allowed_congestion_control(char *buf, size_t len); int tcp_set_allowed_congestion_control(char *allowed); int tcp_set_congestion_control(struct sock *sk, const char *name, bool load, bool cap_net_admin); u32 tcp_slow_start(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 acked); void tcp_cong_avoid_ai(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 w, u32 acked); u32 tcp_reno_ssthresh(struct sock *sk); u32 tcp_reno_undo_cwnd(struct sock *sk); void tcp_reno_cong_avoid(struct sock *sk, u32 ack, u32 acked); extern struct tcp_congestion_ops tcp_reno; struct tcp_congestion_ops *tcp_ca_find(const char *name); struct tcp_congestion_ops *tcp_ca_find_key(u32 key); u32 tcp_ca_get_key_by_name(struct net *net, const char *name, bool *ecn_ca); #ifdef CONFIG_INET char *tcp_ca_get_name_by_key(u32 key, char *buffer); #else static inline char *tcp_ca_get_name_by_key(u32 key, char *buffer) { return NULL; } #endif static