1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions for diskquota-operations. When diskquota is configured these * macros expand to the right source-code. * * Author: Marco van Wieringen <mvw@planets.elm.net> */ #ifndef _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ #define _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ #include <linux/fs.h> #define DQUOT_SPACE_WARN 0x1 #define DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE 0x2 #define DQUOT_SPACE_NOFAIL 0x4 static inline struct quota_info *sb_dqopt(struct super_block *sb) { return &sb->s_dquot; } /* i_mutex must being held */ static inline bool is_quota_modification(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *ia) { return (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) || (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_UID && !uid_eq(ia->ia_uid, inode->i_uid)) || (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_GID && !gid_eq(ia->ia_gid, inode->i_gid)); } #if defined(CONFIG_QUOTA) #define quota_error(sb, fmt, args...) \ __quota_error((sb), __func__, fmt , ## args) extern __printf(3, 4) void __quota_error(struct super_block *sb, const char *func, const char *fmt, ...); /* * declaration of quota_function calls in kernel. */ int dquot_initialize(struct inode *inode); bool dquot_initialize_needed(struct inode *inode); void dquot_drop(struct inode *inode); struct dquot *dqget(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid qid); static inline struct dquot *dqgrab(struct dquot *dquot) { /* Make sure someone else has active reference to dquot */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!atomic_read(&dquot->dq_count)); WARN_ON_ONCE(!test_bit(DQ_ACTIVE_B, &dquot->dq_flags)); atomic_inc(&dquot->dq_count); return dquot; } static inline bool dquot_is_busy(struct dquot *dquot) { if (test_bit(DQ_MOD_B, &dquot->dq_flags)) return true; if (atomic_read(&dquot->dq_count) > 1) return true; return false; } void dqput(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_scan_active(struct super_block *sb, int (*fn)(struct dquot *dquot, unsigned long priv), unsigned long priv); struct dquot *dquot_alloc(struct super_block *sb, int type); void dquot_destroy(struct dquot *dquot); int __dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags); void __dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags); int dquot_alloc_inode(struct inode *inode); int dquot_claim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number); void dquot_free_inode(struct inode *inode); void dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number); int dquot_disable(struct super_block *sb, int type, unsigned int flags); /* Suspend quotas on remount RO */ static inline int dquot_suspend(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return dquot_disable(sb, type, DQUOT_SUSPENDED); } int dquot_resume(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_commit(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_acquire(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_release(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_commit_info(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_get_next_id(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *qid); int dquot_mark_dquot_dirty(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); int dquot_load_quota_sb(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags); int dquot_load_quota_inode(struct inode *inode, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags); int dquot_quota_on(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, const struct path *path); int dquot_quota_on_mount(struct super_block *sb, char *qf_name, int format_id, int type); int dquot_quota_off(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_writeback_dquots(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_quota_sync(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_get_state(struct super_block *sb, struct qc_state *state); int dquot_set_dqinfo(struct super_block *sb, int type, struct qc_info *ii); int dquot_get_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int dquot_get_next_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int dquot_set_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int __dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct dquot **transfer_to); int dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *iattr); static inline struct mem_dqinfo *sb_dqinfo(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->info + type; } /* * Functions for checking status of quota */ static inline bool sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED, type); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_limits_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED, type); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_SUSPENDED, type); } static inline unsigned sb_any_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb) { return dquot_state_types(sb_dqopt(sb)->flags, DQUOT_SUSPENDED); } /* Does kernel know about any quota information for given sb + type? */ static inline bool sb_has_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb, int type) { /* Currently if anything is on, then quota usage is on as well */ return sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(sb, type); } static inline unsigned sb_any_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb) { return dquot_state_types(sb_dqopt(sb)->flags, DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_active(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_has_quota_loaded(sb, type) && !sb_has_quota_suspended(sb, type); } /* * Operations supported for diskquotas. */ extern const struct dquot_operations dquot_operations; extern const struct quotactl_ops dquot_quotactl_sysfile_ops; #else static inline int sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_limits_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_any_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; } /* Does kernel know about any quota information for given sb + type? */ static inline int sb_has_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_any_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_active(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_initialize(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline bool dquot_initialize_needed(struct inode *inode) { return false; } static inline void dquot_drop(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int dquot_alloc_inode(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline void dquot_free_inode(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *iattr) { return 0; } static inline int __dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags) { if (!(flags & DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE)) inode_add_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline void __dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags) { if (!(flags & DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE)) inode_sub_bytes(inode, number); } static inline int dquot_claim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number) { inode_add_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline int dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number) { inode_sub_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline int dquot_disable(struct super_block *sb, int type, unsigned int flags) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_suspend(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_resume(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } #define dquot_file_open generic_file_open static inline int dquot_writeback_dquots(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_QUOTA */ static inline int dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN); } static inline void dquot_alloc_space_nofail(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN|DQUOT_SPACE_NOFAIL); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline int dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(inode, nr); if (!ret) { /* * Mark inode fully dirty. Since we are allocating blocks, inode * would become fully dirty soon anyway and it reportedly * reduces lock contention. */ mark_inode_dirty(inode); } return ret; } static inline int dquot_alloc_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_alloc_block_nofail(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_alloc_space_nofail(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline int dquot_alloc_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline int dquot_prealloc_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, 0); } static inline int dquot_prealloc_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_prealloc_block_nodirty(inode, nr); if (!ret) mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); return ret; } static inline int dquot_reserve_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN|DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE); } static inline int dquot_claim_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_claim_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); if (!ret) mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); return ret; } static inline void dquot_reclaim_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline void dquot_free_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_free_space(inode, nr, 0); } static inline void dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space_nodirty(inode, nr); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline void dquot_free_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_free_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_release_reservation_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_free_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE); } unsigned int qtype_enforce_flag(int type); #endif /* _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Internals of the DMA direct mapping implementation. Only for use by the * DMA mapping code and IOMMU drivers. */ #ifndef _LINUX_DMA_DIRECT_H #define _LINUX_DMA_DIRECT_H 1 #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/dma-map-ops.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> /* for min_low_pfn */ #include <linux/mem_encrypt.h> #include <linux/swiotlb.h> extern unsigned int zone_dma_bits; /* * Record the mapping of CPU physical to DMA addresses for a given region. */ struct bus_dma_region { phys_addr_t cpu_start; dma_addr_t dma_start; u64 size; u64 offset; }; static inline dma_addr_t translate_phys_to_dma(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr) { const struct bus_dma_region *m; for (m = dev->dma_range_map; m->size; m++) if (paddr >= m->cpu_start && paddr - m->cpu_start < m->size) return (dma_addr_t)paddr - m->offset; /* make sure dma_capable fails when no translation is available */ return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR; } static inline phys_addr_t translate_dma_to_phys(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr) { const struct bus_dma_region *m; for (m = dev->dma_range_map; m->size; m++) if (dma_addr >= m->dma_start && dma_addr - m->dma_start < m->size) return (phys_addr_t)dma_addr + m->offset; return (phys_addr_t)-1; } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PHYS_TO_DMA #include <asm/dma-direct.h> #ifndef phys_to_dma_unencrypted #define phys_to_dma_unencrypted phys_to_dma #endif #else static inline dma_addr_t phys_to_dma_unencrypted(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr) { if (dev->dma_range_map) return translate_phys_to_dma(dev, paddr); return paddr; } /* * If memory encryption is supported, phys_to_dma will set the memory encryption * bit in the DMA address, and dma_to_phys will clear it. * phys_to_dma_unencrypted is for use on special unencrypted memory like swiotlb * buffers. */ static inline dma_addr_t phys_to_dma(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr) { return __sme_set(phys_to_dma_unencrypted(dev, paddr)); } static inline phys_addr_t dma_to_phys(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t dma_addr) { phys_addr_t paddr; if (dev->dma_range_map) paddr = translate_dma_to_phys(dev, dma_addr); else paddr = dma_addr; return __sme_clr(paddr); } #endif /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PHYS_TO_DMA */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_FORCE_DMA_UNENCRYPTED bool force_dma_unencrypted(struct device *dev); #else static inline bool force_dma_unencrypted(struct device *dev) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_FORCE_DMA_UNENCRYPTED */ static inline bool dma_capable(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size, bool is_ram) { dma_addr_t end = addr + size - 1; if (addr == DMA_MAPPING_ERROR) return false; if (is_ram && !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_DMA_ADDR_T_64BIT) && min(addr, end) < phys_to_dma(dev, PFN_PHYS(min_low_pfn))) return false; return end <= min_not_zero(*dev->dma_mask, dev->bus_dma_limit); } u64 dma_direct_get_required_mask(struct device *dev); void *dma_direct_alloc(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t gfp, unsigned long attrs); void dma_direct_free(struct device *dev, size_t size, void *cpu_addr, dma_addr_t dma_addr, unsigned long attrs); struct page *dma_direct_alloc_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size, dma_addr_t *dma_handle, enum dma_data_direction dir, gfp_t gfp); void dma_direct_free_pages(struct device *dev, size_t size, struct page *page, dma_addr_t dma_addr, enum dma_data_direction dir); int dma_direct_supported(struct device *dev, u64 mask); dma_addr_t dma_direct_map_resource(struct device *dev, phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs); #endif /* _LINUX_DMA_DIRECT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* rwsem.h: R/W semaphores, public interface * * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com). * Derived from asm-i386/semaphore.h */ #ifndef _LINUX_RWSEM_H #define _LINUX_RWSEM_H #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/err.h> #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER #include <linux/osq_lock.h> #endif /* * For an uncontended rwsem, count and owner are the only fields a task * needs to touch when acquiring the rwsem. So they are put next to each * other to increase the chance that they will share the same cacheline. * * In a contended rwsem, the owner is likely the most frequently accessed * field in the structure as the optimistic waiter that holds the osq lock * will spin on owner. For an embedded rwsem, other hot fields in the * containing structure should be moved further away from the rwsem to * reduce the chance that they will share the same cacheline causing * cacheline bouncing problem. */ struct rw_semaphore { atomic_long_t count; /* * Write owner or one of the read owners as well flags regarding * the current state of the rwsem. Can be used as a speculative * check to see if the write owner is running on the cpu. */ atomic_long_t owner; #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER struct optimistic_spin_queue osq; /* spinner MCS lock */ #endif raw_spinlock_t wait_lock; struct list_head wait_list; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RWSEMS void *magic; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif }; /* In all implementations count != 0 means locked */ static inline int rwsem_is_locked(struct rw_semaphore *sem) { return atomic_long_read(&sem->count) != 0; } #define RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE 0L #define __RWSEM_COUNT_INIT(name) .count = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE) /* Common initializer macros and functions */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC # define __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) \ .dep_map = { \ .name = #lockname, \ .wait_type_inner = LD_WAIT_SLEEP, \ }, #else # define __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RWSEMS # define __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) .magic = &lockname, #else # define __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER #define __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(lockname) .osq = OSQ_LOCK_UNLOCKED, #else #define __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(lockname) #endif #define __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name) \ { __RWSEM_COUNT_INIT(name), \ .owner = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0), \ __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(name) \ .wait_lock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(name.wait_lock),\ .wait_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wait_list), \ __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(name) \ __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(name) } #define DECLARE_RWSEM(name) \ struct rw_semaphore name = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name) extern void __init_rwsem(struct rw_semaphore *sem, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key); #define init_rwsem(sem) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ __init_rwsem((sem), #sem, &__key); \ } while (0) /* * This is the same regardless of which rwsem implementation that is being used. * It is just a heuristic meant to be called by somebody alreadying holding the * rwsem to see if somebody from an incompatible type is wanting access to the * lock. */ static inline int rwsem_is_contended(struct rw_semaphore *sem) { return !list_empty(&sem->wait_list); } /* * lock for reading */ extern void down_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_read_interruptible(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_read_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * trylock for reading -- returns 1 if successful, 0 if contention */ extern int down_read_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * lock for writing */ extern void down_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_write_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * trylock for writing -- returns 1 if successful, 0 if contention */ extern int down_write_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * release a read lock */ extern void up_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * release a write lock */ extern void up_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * downgrade write lock to read lock */ extern void downgrade_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC /* * nested locking. NOTE: rwsems are not allowed to recurse * (which occurs if the same task tries to acquire the same * lock instance multiple times), but multiple locks of the * same lock class might be taken, if the order of the locks * is always the same. This ordering rule can be expressed * to lockdep via the _nested() APIs, but enumerating the * subclasses that are used. (If the nesting relationship is * static then another method for expressing nested locking is * the explicit definition of lock class keys and the use of * lockdep_set_class() at lock initialization time. * See Documentation/locking/lockdep-design.rst for more details.) */ extern void down_read_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern int __must_check down_read_killable_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern void down_write_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern int down_write_killable_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern void _down_write_nest_lock(struct rw_semaphore *sem, struct lockdep_map *nest_lock); # define down_write_nest_lock(sem, nest_lock) \ do { \ typecheck(struct lockdep_map *, &(nest_lock)->dep_map); \ _down_write_nest_lock(sem, &(nest_lock)->dep_map); \ } while (0); /* * Take/release a lock when not the owner will release it. * * [ This API should be avoided as much as possible - the * proper abstraction for this case is completions. ] */ extern void down_read_non_owner(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern void up_read_non_owner(struct rw_semaphore *sem); #else # define down_read_nested(sem, subclass) down_read(sem) # define down_read_killable_nested(sem, subclass) down_read_killable(sem) # define down_write_nest_lock(sem, nest_lock) down_write(sem) # define down_write_nested(sem, subclass) down_write(sem) # define down_write_killable_nested(sem, subclass) down_write_killable(sem) # define down_read_non_owner(sem) down_read(sem) # define up_read_non_owner(sem) up_read(sem) #endif #endif /* _LINUX_RWSEM_H */
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Tweedie <sct@redhat.com> * * Copyright 1998-2000 Red Hat, Inc --- All Rights Reserved * * Definitions for transaction data structures for the buffer cache * filesystem journaling support. */ #ifndef _LINUX_JBD2_H #define _LINUX_JBD2_H /* Allow this file to be included directly into e2fsprogs */ #ifndef __KERNEL__ #include "jfs_compat.h" #define JBD2_DEBUG #else #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/journal-head.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <crypto/hash.h> #endif #define journal_oom_retry 1 /* * Define JBD2_PARANIOD_IOFAIL to cause a kernel BUG() if ext4 finds * certain classes of error which can occur due to failed IOs. Under * normal use we want ext4 to continue after such errors, because * hardware _can_ fail, but for debugging purposes when running tests on * known-good hardware we may want to trap these errors. */ #undef JBD2_PARANOID_IOFAIL /* * The default maximum commit age, in seconds. */ #define JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE 5 #ifdef CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG /* * Define JBD2_EXPENSIVE_CHECKING to enable more expensive internal * consistency checks. By default we don't do this unless * CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG is on. */ #define JBD2_EXPENSIVE_CHECKING extern ushort jbd2_journal_enable_debug; void __jbd2_debug(int level, const char *file, const char *func, unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...); #define jbd_debug(n, fmt, a...) \ __jbd2_debug((n), __FILE__, __func__, __LINE__, (fmt), ##a) #else #define jbd_debug(n, fmt, a...) /**/ #endif extern void *jbd2_alloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags); extern void jbd2_free(void *ptr, size_t size); #define JBD2_MIN_JOURNAL_BLOCKS 1024 #define JBD2_MIN_FC_BLOCKS 256 #ifdef __KERNEL__ /** * typedef handle_t - The handle_t type represents a single atomic update being performed by some process. * * All filesystem modifications made by the process go * through this handle. Recursive operations (such as quota operations) * are gathered into a single update. * * The buffer credits field is used to account for journaled buffers * being modified by the running process. To ensure that there is * enough log space for all outstanding operations, we need to limit the * number of outstanding buffers possible at any time. When the * operation completes, any buffer credits not used are credited back to * the transaction, so that at all times we know how many buffers the * outstanding updates on a transaction might possibly touch. * * This is an opaque datatype. **/ typedef struct jbd2_journal_handle handle_t; /* Atomic operation type */ /** * typedef journal_t - The journal_t maintains all of the journaling state information for a single filesystem. * * journal_t is linked to from the fs superblock structure. * * We use the journal_t to keep track of all outstanding transaction * activity on the filesystem, and to manage the state of the log * writing process. * * This is an opaque datatype. **/ typedef struct journal_s journal_t; /* Journal control structure */ #endif /* * Internal structures used by the logging mechanism: */ #define JBD2_MAGIC_NUMBER 0xc03b3998U /* The first 4 bytes of /dev/random! */ /* * On-disk structures */ /* * Descriptor block types: */ #define JBD2_DESCRIPTOR_BLOCK 1 #define JBD2_COMMIT_BLOCK 2 #define JBD2_SUPERBLOCK_V1 3 #define JBD2_SUPERBLOCK_V2 4 #define JBD2_REVOKE_BLOCK 5 /* * Standard header for all descriptor blocks: */ typedef struct journal_header_s { __be32 h_magic; __be32 h_blocktype; __be32 h_sequence; } journal_header_t; /* * Checksum types. */ #define JBD2_CRC32_CHKSUM 1 #define JBD2_MD5_CHKSUM 2 #define JBD2_SHA1_CHKSUM 3 #define JBD2_CRC32C_CHKSUM 4 #define JBD2_CRC32_CHKSUM_SIZE 4 #define JBD2_CHECKSUM_BYTES (32 / sizeof(u32)) /* * Commit block header for storing transactional checksums: * * NOTE: If FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM (checksum v1) is set, the h_chksum* * fields are used to store a checksum of the descriptor and data blocks. * * If FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 (checksum v2) is set, then the h_chksum * field is used to store crc32c(uuid+commit_block). Each journal metadata * block gets its own checksum, and data block checksums are stored in * journal_block_tag (in the descriptor). The other h_chksum* fields are * not used. * * If FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 is set, the descriptor block uses * journal_block_tag3_t to store a full 32-bit checksum. Everything else * is the same as v2. * * Checksum v1, v2, and v3 are mutually exclusive features. */ struct commit_header { __be32 h_magic; __be32 h_blocktype; __be32 h_sequence; unsigned char h_chksum_type; unsigned char h_chksum_size; unsigned char h_padding[2]; __be32 h_chksum[JBD2_CHECKSUM_BYTES]; __be64 h_commit_sec; __be32 h_commit_nsec; }; /* * The block tag: used to describe a single buffer in the journal. * t_blocknr_high is only used if INCOMPAT_64BIT is set, so this * raw struct shouldn't be used for pointer math or sizeof() - use * journal_tag_bytes(journal) instead to compute this. */ typedef struct journal_block_tag3_s { __be32 t_blocknr; /* The on-disk block number */ __be32 t_flags; /* See below */ __be32 t_blocknr_high; /* most-significant high 32bits. */ __be32 t_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+seq+block) */ } journal_block_tag3_t; typedef struct journal_block_tag_s { __be32 t_blocknr; /* The on-disk block number */ __be16 t_checksum; /* truncated crc32c(uuid+seq+block) */ __be16 t_flags; /* See below */ __be32 t_blocknr_high; /* most-significant high 32bits. */ } journal_block_tag_t; /* Tail of descriptor or revoke block, for checksumming */ struct jbd2_journal_block_tail { __be32 t_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+descr_block) */ }; /* * The revoke descriptor: used on disk to describe a series of blocks to * be revoked from the log */ typedef struct jbd2_journal_revoke_header_s { journal_header_t r_header; __be32 r_count; /* Count of bytes used in the block */ } jbd2_journal_revoke_header_t; /* Definitions for the journal tag flags word: */ #define JBD2_FLAG_ESCAPE 1 /* on-disk block is escaped */ #define JBD2_FLAG_SAME_UUID 2 /* block has same uuid as previous */ #define JBD2_FLAG_DELETED 4 /* block deleted by this transaction */ #define JBD2_FLAG_LAST_TAG 8 /* last tag in this descriptor block */ /* * The journal superblock. All fields are in big-endian byte order. */ typedef struct journal_superblock_s { /* 0x0000 */ journal_header_t s_header; /* 0x000C */ /* Static information describing the journal */ __be32 s_blocksize; /* journal device blocksize */ __be32 s_maxlen; /* total blocks in journal file */ __be32 s_first; /* first block of log information */ /* 0x0018 */ /* Dynamic information describing the current state of the log */ __be32 s_sequence; /* first commit ID expected in log */ __be32 s_start; /* blocknr of start of log */ /* 0x0020 */ /* Error value, as set by jbd2_journal_abort(). */ __be32 s_errno; /* 0x0024 */ /* Remaining fields are only valid in a version-2 superblock */ __be32 s_feature_compat; /* compatible feature set */ __be32 s_feature_incompat; /* incompatible feature set */ __be32 s_feature_ro_compat; /* readonly-compatible feature set */ /* 0x0030 */ __u8 s_uuid[16]; /* 128-bit uuid for journal */ /* 0x0040 */ __be32 s_nr_users; /* Nr of filesystems sharing log */ __be32 s_dynsuper; /* Blocknr of dynamic superblock copy*/ /* 0x0048 */ __be32 s_max_transaction; /* Limit of journal blocks per trans.*/ __be32 s_max_trans_data; /* Limit of data blocks per trans. */ /* 0x0050 */ __u8 s_checksum_type; /* checksum type */ __u8 s_padding2[3]; /* 0x0054 */ __be32 s_num_fc_blks; /* Number of fast commit blocks */ /* 0x0058 */ __u32 s_padding[41]; __be32 s_checksum; /* crc32c(superblock) */ /* 0x0100 */ __u8 s_users[16*48]; /* ids of all fs'es sharing the log */ /* 0x0400 */ } journal_superblock_t; /* Use the jbd2_{has,set,clear}_feature_* helpers; these will be removed */ #define JBD2_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM 0x00000001 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE 0x00000001 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT 0x00000002 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT 0x00000004 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 0x00000008 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 0x00000010 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FAST_COMMIT 0x00000020 /* See "journal feature predicate functions" below */ /* Features known to this kernel version: */ #define JBD2_KNOWN_COMPAT_FEATURES JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM #define JBD2_KNOWN_ROCOMPAT_FEATURES 0 #define JBD2_KNOWN_INCOMPAT_FEATURES (JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FAST_COMMIT) #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/sched.h> enum jbd_state_bits { BH_JBD /* Has an attached ext3 journal_head */ = BH_PrivateStart, BH_JWrite, /* Being written to log (@@@ DEBUGGING) */ BH_Freed, /* Has been freed (truncated) */ BH_Revoked, /* Has been revoked from the log */ BH_RevokeValid, /* Revoked flag is valid */ BH_JBDDirty, /* Is dirty but journaled */ BH_JournalHead, /* Pins bh->b_private and jh->b_bh */ BH_Shadow, /* IO on shadow buffer is running */ BH_Verified, /* Metadata block has been verified ok */ BH_JBDPrivateStart, /* First bit available for private use by FS */ }; BUFFER_FNS(JBD, jbd) BUFFER_FNS(JWrite, jwrite) BUFFER_FNS(JBDDirty, jbddirty) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(JBDDirty, jbddirty) BUFFER_FNS(Revoked, revoked) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(Revoked, revoked) BUFFER_FNS(RevokeValid, revokevalid) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(RevokeValid, revokevalid) BUFFER_FNS(Freed, freed) BUFFER_FNS(Shadow, shadow) BUFFER_FNS(Verified, verified) static inline struct buffer_head *jh2bh(struct journal_head *jh) { return jh->b_bh; } static inline struct journal_head *bh2jh(struct buffer_head *bh) { return bh->b_private; } static inline void jbd_lock_bh_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh) { bit_spin_lock(BH_JournalHead, &bh->b_state); } static inline void jbd_unlock_bh_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh) { bit_spin_unlock(BH_JournalHead, &bh->b_state); } #define J_ASSERT(assert) BUG_ON(!(assert)) #define J_ASSERT_BH(bh, expr) J_ASSERT(expr) #define J_ASSERT_JH(jh, expr) J_ASSERT(expr) #if defined(JBD2_PARANOID_IOFAIL) #define J_EXPECT(expr, why...) J_ASSERT(expr) #define J_EXPECT_BH(bh, expr, why...) J_ASSERT_BH(bh, expr) #define J_EXPECT_JH(jh, expr, why...) J_ASSERT_JH(jh, expr) #else #define __journal_expect(expr, why...) \ ({ \ int val = (expr); \ if (!val) { \ printk(KERN_ERR \ "JBD2 unexpected failure: %s: %s;\n", \ __func__, #expr); \ printk(KERN_ERR why "\n"); \ } \ val; \ }) #define J_EXPECT(expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #define J_EXPECT_BH(bh, expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #define J_EXPECT_JH(jh, expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #endif /* Flags in jbd_inode->i_flags */ #define __JI_COMMIT_RUNNING 0 #define __JI_WRITE_DATA 1 #define __JI_WAIT_DATA 2 /* * Commit of the inode data in progress. We use this flag to protect us from * concurrent deletion of inode. We cannot use reference to inode for this * since we cannot afford doing last iput() on behalf of kjournald */ #define JI_COMMIT_RUNNING (1 << __JI_COMMIT_RUNNING) /* Write allocated dirty buffers in this inode before commit */ #define JI_WRITE_DATA (1 << __JI_WRITE_DATA) /* Wait for outstanding data writes for this inode before commit */ #define JI_WAIT_DATA (1 << __JI_WAIT_DATA) /** * struct jbd2_inode - The jbd_inode type is the structure linking inodes in * ordered mode present in a transaction so that we can sync them during commit. */ struct jbd2_inode { /** * @i_transaction: * * Which transaction does this inode belong to? Either the running * transaction or the committing one. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *i_transaction; /** * @i_next_transaction: * * Pointer to the running transaction modifying inode's data in case * there is already a committing transaction touching it. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *i_next_transaction; /** * @i_list: List of inodes in the i_transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct list_head i_list; /** * @i_vfs_inode: * * VFS inode this inode belongs to [constant for lifetime of structure] */ struct inode *i_vfs_inode; /** * @i_flags: Flags of inode [j_list_lock] */ unsigned long i_flags; /** * @i_dirty_start: * * Offset in bytes where the dirty range for this inode starts. * [j_list_lock] */ loff_t i_dirty_start; /** * @i_dirty_end: * * Inclusive offset in bytes where the dirty range for this inode * ends. [j_list_lock] */ loff_t i_dirty_end; }; struct jbd2_revoke_table_s; /** * struct jbd2_journal_handle - The jbd2_journal_handle type is the concrete * type associated with handle_t. * @h_transaction: Which compound transaction is this update a part of? * @h_journal: Which journal handle belongs to - used iff h_reserved set. * @h_rsv_handle: Handle reserved for finishing the logical operation. * @h_total_credits: Number of remaining buffers we are allowed to add to * journal. These are dirty buffers and revoke descriptor blocks. * @h_revoke_credits: Number of remaining revoke records available for handle * @h_ref: Reference count on this handle. * @h_err: Field for caller's use to track errors through large fs operations. * @h_sync: Flag for sync-on-close. * @h_jdata: Flag to force data journaling. * @h_reserved: Flag for handle for reserved credits. * @h_aborted: Flag indicating fatal error on handle. * @h_type: For handle statistics. * @h_line_no: For handle statistics. * @h_start_jiffies: Handle Start time. * @h_requested_credits: Holds @h_total_credits after handle is started. * @h_revoke_credits_requested: Holds @h_revoke_credits after handle is started. * @saved_alloc_context: Saved context while transaction is open. **/ /* Docbook can't yet cope with the bit fields, but will leave the documentation * in so it can be fixed later. */ struct jbd2_journal_handle { union { transaction_t *h_transaction; /* Which journal handle belongs to - used iff h_reserved set */ journal_t *h_journal; }; handle_t *h_rsv_handle; int h_total_credits; int h_revoke_credits; int h_revoke_credits_requested; int h_ref; int h_err; /* Flags [no locking] */ unsigned int h_sync: 1; unsigned int h_jdata: 1; unsigned int h_reserved: 1; unsigned int h_aborted: 1; unsigned int h_type: 8; unsigned int h_line_no: 16; unsigned long h_start_jiffies; unsigned int h_requested_credits; unsigned int saved_alloc_context; }; /* * Some stats for checkpoint phase */ struct transaction_chp_stats_s { unsigned long cs_chp_time; __u32 cs_forced_to_close; __u32 cs_written; __u32 cs_dropped; }; /* The transaction_t type is the guts of the journaling mechanism. It * tracks a compound transaction through its various states: * * RUNNING: accepting new updates * LOCKED: Updates still running but we don't accept new ones * RUNDOWN: Updates are tidying up but have finished requesting * new buffers to modify (state not used for now) * FLUSH: All updates complete, but we are still writing to disk * COMMIT: All data on disk, writing commit record * FINISHED: We still have to keep the transaction for checkpointing. * * The transaction keeps track of all of the buffers modified by a * running transaction, and all of the buffers committed but not yet * flushed to home for finished transactions. */ /* * Lock ranking: * * j_list_lock * ->jbd_lock_bh_journal_head() (This is "innermost") * * j_state_lock * ->b_state_lock * * b_state_lock * ->j_list_lock * * j_state_lock * ->t_handle_lock * * j_state_lock * ->j_list_lock (journal_unmap_buffer) * */ struct transaction_s { /* Pointer to the journal for this transaction. [no locking] */ journal_t *t_journal; /* Sequence number for this transaction [no locking] */ tid_t t_tid; /* * Transaction's current state * [no locking - only kjournald2 alters this] * [j_list_lock] guards transition of a transaction into T_FINISHED * state and subsequent call of __jbd2_journal_drop_transaction() * FIXME: needs barriers * KLUDGE: [use j_state_lock] */ enum { T_RUNNING, T_LOCKED, T_SWITCH, T_FLUSH, T_COMMIT, T_COMMIT_DFLUSH, T_COMMIT_JFLUSH, T_COMMIT_CALLBACK, T_FINISHED } t_state; /* * Where in the log does this transaction's commit start? [no locking] */ unsigned long t_log_start; /* Number of buffers on the t_buffers list [j_list_lock] */ int t_nr_buffers; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers reserved but not yet * modified by this transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_reserved_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all metadata buffers owned by this * transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_buffers; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all forget buffers (superseded * buffers which we can un-checkpoint once this transaction commits) * [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_forget; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers still to be flushed before * this transaction can be checkpointed. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_checkpoint_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers submitted for IO while * checkpointing. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_checkpoint_io_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of metadata buffers being shadowed by log * IO. The IO buffers on the iobuf list and the shadow buffers on this * list match each other one for one at all times. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_shadow_list; /* * List of inodes associated with the transaction; e.g., ext4 uses * this to track inodes in data=ordered and data=journal mode that * need special handling on transaction commit; also used by ocfs2. * [j_list_lock] */ struct list_head t_inode_list; /* * Protects info related to handles */ spinlock_t t_handle_lock; /* * Longest time some handle had to wait for running transaction */ unsigned long t_max_wait; /* * When transaction started */ unsigned long t_start; /* * When commit was requested */ unsigned long t_requested; /* * Checkpointing stats [j_checkpoint_sem] */ struct transaction_chp_stats_s t_chp_stats; /* * Number of outstanding updates running on this transaction * [none] */ atomic_t t_updates; /* * Number of blocks reserved for this transaction in the journal. * This is including all credits reserved when starting transaction * handles as well as all journal descriptor blocks needed for this * transaction. [none] */ atomic_t t_outstanding_credits; /* * Number of revoke records for this transaction added by already * stopped handles. [none] */ atomic_t t_outstanding_revokes; /* * How many handles used this transaction? [none] */ atomic_t t_handle_count; /* * Forward and backward links for the circular list of all transactions * awaiting checkpoint. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *t_cpnext, *t_cpprev; /* * When will the transaction expire (become due for commit), in jiffies? * [no locking] */ unsigned long t_expires; /* * When this transaction started, in nanoseconds [no locking] */ ktime_t t_start_time; /* * This transaction is being forced and some process is * waiting for it to finish. */ unsigned int t_synchronous_commit:1; /* Disk flush needs to be sent to fs partition [no locking] */ int t_need_data_flush; /* * For use by the filesystem to store fs-specific data * structures associated with the transaction */ struct list_head t_private_list; }; struct transaction_run_stats_s { unsigned long rs_wait; unsigned long rs_request_delay; unsigned long rs_running; unsigned long rs_locked; unsigned long rs_flushing; unsigned long rs_logging; __u32 rs_handle_count; __u32 rs_blocks; __u32 rs_blocks_logged; }; struct transaction_stats_s { unsigned long ts_tid; unsigned long ts_requested; struct transaction_run_stats_s run; }; static inline unsigned long jbd2_time_diff(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { if (end >= start) return end - start; return end + (MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET - start); } #define JBD2_NR_BATCH 64 enum passtype {PASS_SCAN, PASS_REVOKE, PASS_REPLAY}; #define JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP 0 #define JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE 1 /** * struct journal_s - The journal_s type is the concrete type associated with * journal_t. */ struct journal_s { /** * @j_flags: General journaling state flags [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_flags; /** * @j_errno: * * Is there an outstanding uncleared error on the journal (from a prior * abort)? [j_state_lock] */ int j_errno; /** * @j_abort_mutex: Lock the whole aborting procedure. */ struct mutex j_abort_mutex; /** * @j_sb_buffer: The first part of the superblock buffer. */ struct buffer_head *j_sb_buffer; /** * @j_superblock: The second part of the superblock buffer. */ journal_superblock_t *j_superblock; /** * @j_format_version: Version of the superblock format. */ int j_format_version; /** * @j_state_lock: Protect the various scalars in the journal. */ rwlock_t j_state_lock; /** * @j_barrier_count: * * Number of processes waiting to create a barrier lock [j_state_lock] */ int j_barrier_count; /** * @j_barrier: The barrier lock itself. */ struct mutex j_barrier; /** * @j_running_transaction: * * Transactions: The current running transaction... * [j_state_lock] [caller holding open handle] */ transaction_t *j_running_transaction; /** * @j_committing_transaction: * * the transaction we are pushing to disk * [j_state_lock] [caller holding open handle] */ transaction_t *j_committing_transaction; /** * @j_checkpoint_transactions: * * ... and a linked circular list of all transactions waiting for * checkpointing. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *j_checkpoint_transactions; /** * @j_wait_transaction_locked: * * Wait queue for waiting for a locked transaction to start committing, * or for a barrier lock to be released. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_transaction_locked; /** * @j_wait_done_commit: Wait queue for waiting for commit to complete. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_done_commit; /** * @j_wait_commit: Wait queue to trigger commit. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_commit; /** * @j_wait_updates: Wait queue to wait for updates to complete. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_updates; /** * @j_wait_reserved: * * Wait queue to wait for reserved buffer credits to drop. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_reserved; /** * @j_fc_wait: * * Wait queue to wait for completion of async fast commits. */ wait_queue_head_t j_fc_wait; /** * @j_checkpoint_mutex: * * Semaphore for locking against concurrent checkpoints. */ struct mutex j_checkpoint_mutex; /** * @j_chkpt_bhs: * * List of buffer heads used by the checkpoint routine. This * was moved from jbd2_log_do_checkpoint() to reduce stack * usage. Access to this array is controlled by the * @j_checkpoint_mutex. [j_checkpoint_mutex] */ struct buffer_head *j_chkpt_bhs[JBD2_NR_BATCH]; /** * @j_head: * * Journal head: identifies the first unused block in the journal. * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_head; /** * @j_tail: * * Journal tail: identifies the oldest still-used block in the journal. * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_tail; /** * @j_free: * * Journal free: how many free blocks are there in the journal? * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_free; /** * @j_first: * * The block number of the first usable block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_first; /** * @j_last: * * The block number one beyond the last usable block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_last; /** * @j_fc_first: * * The block number of the first fast commit block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_fc_first; /** * @j_fc_off: * * Number of fast commit blocks currently allocated. Accessed only * during fast commit. Currently only process can do fast commit, so * this field is not protected by any lock. */ unsigned long j_fc_off; /** * @j_fc_last: * * The block number one beyond the last fast commit block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_fc_last; /** * @j_dev: Device where we store the journal. */ struct block_device *j_dev; /** * @j_blocksize: Block size for the location where we store the journal. */ int j_blocksize; /** * @j_blk_offset: * * Starting block offset into the device where we store the journal. */ unsigned long long j_blk_offset; /** * @j_devname: Journal device name. */ char j_devname[BDEVNAME_SIZE+24]; /** * @j_fs_dev: * * Device which holds the client fs. For internal journal this will be * equal to j_dev. */ struct block_device *j_fs_dev; /** * @j_total_len: Total maximum capacity of the journal region on disk. */ unsigned int j_total_len; /** * @j_reserved_credits: * * Number of buffers reserved from the running transaction. */ atomic_t j_reserved_credits; /** * @j_list_lock: Protects the buffer lists and internal buffer state. */ spinlock_t j_list_lock; /** * @j_inode: * * Optional inode where we store the journal. If present, all * journal block numbers are mapped into this inode via bmap(). */ struct inode *j_inode; /** * @j_tail_sequence: * * Sequence number of the oldest transaction in the log [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_tail_sequence; /** * @j_transaction_sequence: * * Sequence number of the next transaction to grant [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_transaction_sequence; /** * @j_commit_sequence: * * Sequence number of the most recently committed transaction * [j_state_lock]. */ tid_t j_commit_sequence; /** * @j_commit_request: * * Sequence number of the most recent transaction wanting commit * [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_commit_request; /** * @j_uuid: * * Journal uuid: identifies the object (filesystem, LVM volume etc) * backed by this journal. This will eventually be replaced by an array * of uuids, allowing us to index multiple devices within a single * journal and to perform atomic updates across them. */ __u8 j_uuid[16]; /** * @j_task: Pointer to the current commit thread for this journal. */ struct task_struct *j_task; /** * @j_max_transaction_buffers: * * Maximum number of metadata buffers to allow in a single compound * commit transaction. */ int j_max_transaction_buffers; /** * @j_revoke_records_per_block: * * Number of revoke records that fit in one descriptor block. */ int j_revoke_records_per_block; /** * @j_commit_interval: * * What is the maximum transaction lifetime before we begin a commit? */ unsigned long j_commit_interval; /** * @j_commit_timer: The timer used to wakeup the commit thread. */ struct timer_list j_commit_timer; /** * @j_revoke_lock: Protect the revoke table. */ spinlock_t j_revoke_lock; /** * @j_revoke: * * The revoke table - maintains the list of revoked blocks in the * current transaction. */ struct jbd2_revoke_table_s *j_revoke; /** * @j_revoke_table: Alternate revoke tables for j_revoke. */ struct jbd2_revoke_table_s *j_revoke_table[2]; /** * @j_wbuf: Array of bhs for jbd2_journal_commit_transaction. */ struct buffer_head **j_wbuf; /** * @j_fc_wbuf: Array of fast commit bhs for fast commit. Accessed only * during a fast commit. Currently only process can do fast commit, so * this field is not protected by any lock. */ struct buffer_head **j_fc_wbuf; /** * @j_wbufsize: * * Size of @j_wbuf array. */ int j_wbufsize; /** * @j_fc_wbufsize: * * Size of @j_fc_wbuf array. */ int j_fc_wbufsize; /** * @j_last_sync_writer: * * The pid of the last person to run a synchronous operation * through the journal. */ pid_t j_last_sync_writer; /** * @j_average_commit_time: * * The average amount of time in nanoseconds it takes to commit a * transaction to disk. [j_state_lock] */ u64 j_average_commit_time; /** * @j_min_batch_time: * * Minimum time that we should wait for additional filesystem operations * to get batched into a synchronous handle in microseconds. */ u32 j_min_batch_time; /** * @j_max_batch_time: * * Maximum time that we should wait for additional filesystem operations * to get batched into a synchronous handle in microseconds. */ u32 j_max_batch_time; /** * @j_commit_callback: * * This function is called when a transaction is closed. */ void (*j_commit_callback)(journal_t *, transaction_t *); /** * @j_submit_inode_data_buffers: * * This function is called for all inodes associated with the * committing transaction marked with JI_WRITE_DATA flag * before we start to write out the transaction to the journal. */ int (*j_submit_inode_data_buffers) (struct jbd2_inode *); /** * @j_finish_inode_data_buffers: * * This function is called for all inodes associated with the * committing transaction marked with JI_WAIT_DATA flag * after we have written the transaction to the journal * but before we write out the commit block. */ int (*j_finish_inode_data_buffers) (struct jbd2_inode *); /* * Journal statistics */ /** * @j_history_lock: Protect the transactions statistics history. */ spinlock_t j_history_lock; /** * @j_proc_entry: procfs entry for the jbd statistics directory. */ struct proc_dir_entry *j_proc_entry; /** * @j_stats: Overall statistics. */ struct transaction_stats_s j_stats; /** * @j_failed_commit: Failed journal commit ID. */ unsigned int j_failed_commit; /** * @j_private: * * An opaque pointer to fs-private information. ext3 puts its * superblock pointer here. */ void *j_private; /** * @j_chksum_driver: * * Reference to checksum algorithm driver via cryptoapi. */ struct crypto_shash *j_chksum_driver; /** * @j_csum_seed: * * Precomputed journal UUID checksum for seeding other checksums. */ __u32 j_csum_seed; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC /** * @j_trans_commit_map: * * Lockdep entity to track transaction commit dependencies. Handles * hold this "lock" for read, when we wait for commit, we acquire the * "lock" for writing. This matches the properties of jbd2 journalling * where the running transaction has to wait for all handles to be * dropped to commit that transaction and also acquiring a handle may * require transaction commit to finish. */ struct lockdep_map j_trans_commit_map; #endif /** * @j_fc_cleanup_callback: * * Clean-up after fast commit or full commit. JBD2 calls this function * after every commit operation. */ void (*j_fc_cleanup_callback)(struct journal_s *journal, int); /** * @j_fc_replay_callback: * * File-system specific function that performs replay of a fast * commit. JBD2 calls this function for each fast commit block found in * the journal. This function should return JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE * to indicate that the block was processed correctly and more fast * commit replay should continue. Return value of JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP * indicates the end of replay (no more blocks remaining). A negative * return value indicates error. */ int (*j_fc_replay_callback)(struct journal_s *journal, struct buffer_head *bh, enum passtype pass, int off, tid_t expected_commit_id); }; #define jbd2_might_wait_for_commit(j) \ do { \ rwsem_acquire(&j->j_trans_commit_map, 0, 0, _THIS_IP_); \ rwsem_release(&j->j_trans_commit_map, _THIS_IP_); \ } while (0) /* journal feature predicate functions */ #define JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(checksum, CHECKSUM) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(revoke, REVOKE) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(64bit, 64BIT) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(async_commit, ASYNC_COMMIT) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum2, CSUM_V2) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum3, CSUM_V3) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(fast_commit, FAST_COMMIT) /* * Journal flag definitions */ #define JBD2_UNMOUNT 0x001 /* Journal thread is being destroyed */ #define JBD2_ABORT 0x002 /* Journaling has been aborted for errors. */ #define JBD2_ACK_ERR 0x004 /* The errno in the sb has been acked */ #define JBD2_FLUSHED 0x008 /* The journal superblock has been flushed */ #define JBD2_LOADED 0x010 /* The journal superblock has been loaded */ #define JBD2_BARRIER 0x020 /* Use IDE barriers */ #define JBD2_ABORT_ON_SYNCDATA_ERR 0x040 /* Abort the journal on file * data write error in ordered * mode */ #define JBD2_FAST_COMMIT_ONGOING 0x100 /* Fast commit is ongoing */ #define JBD2_FULL_COMMIT_ONGOING 0x200 /* Full commit is ongoing */ /* * Function declarations for the journaling transaction and buffer * management */ /* Filing buffers */ extern void jbd2_journal_unfile_buffer(journal_t *, struct journal_head *); extern bool __jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(struct journal_head *); extern void jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(journal_t *, struct journal_head *); extern void __jbd2_journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *, int); extern void __journal_free_buffer(struct journal_head *bh); extern void jbd2_journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *, int); extern void __journal_clean_data_list(transaction_t *transaction); static inline void jbd2_file_log_bh(struct list_head *head, struct buffer_head *bh) { list_add_tail(&bh->b_assoc_buffers, head); } static inline void jbd2_unfile_log_bh(struct buffer_head *bh) { list_del_init(&bh->b_assoc_buffers); } /* Log buffer allocation */ struct buffer_head *jbd2_journal_get_descriptor_buffer(transaction_t *, int); void jbd2_descriptor_block_csum_set(journal_t *, struct buffer_head *); int jbd2_journal_next_log_block(journal_t *, unsigned long long *); int jbd2_journal_get_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t *tid, unsigned long *block); int __jbd2_update_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, unsigned long block); void jbd2_update_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, unsigned long block); /* Commit management */ extern void jbd2_journal_commit_transaction(journal_t *); /* Checkpoint list management */ void __jbd2_journal_clean_checkpoint_list(journal_t *journal, bool destroy); int __jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint(struct journal_head *); void jbd2_journal_destroy_checkpoint(journal_t *journal); void __jbd2_journal_insert_checkpoint(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *); /* * Triggers */ struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type { /* * Fired a the moment data to write to the journal are known to be * stable - so either at the moment b_frozen_data is created or just * before a buffer is written to the journal. mapped_data is a mapped * buffer that is the frozen data for commit. */ void (*t_frozen)(struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type, struct buffer_head *bh, void *mapped_data, size_t size); /* * Fired during journal abort for dirty buffers that will not be * committed. */ void (*t_abort)(struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type, struct buffer_head *bh); }; extern void jbd2_buffer_frozen_trigger(struct journal_head *jh, void *mapped_data, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *triggers); extern void jbd2_buffer_abort_trigger(struct journal_head *jh, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *triggers); /* Buffer IO */ extern int jbd2_journal_write_metadata_buffer(transaction_t *transaction, struct journal_head *jh_in, struct buffer_head **bh_out, sector_t blocknr); /* Transaction locking */ extern void __wait_on_journal (journal_t *); /* Transaction cache support */ extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_transaction_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_transaction_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_free_transaction(transaction_t *); /* * Journal locking. * * We need to lock the journal during transaction state changes so that nobody * ever tries to take a handle on the running transaction while we are in the * middle of moving it to the commit phase. j_state_lock does this. * * Note that the locking is completely interrupt unsafe. We never touch * journal structures from interrupts. */ static inline handle_t *journal_current_handle(void) { return current->journal_info; } /* The journaling code user interface: * * Create and destroy handles * Register buffer modifications against the current transaction. */ extern handle_t *jbd2_journal_start(journal_t *, int nblocks); extern handle_t *jbd2__journal_start(journal_t *, int blocks, int rsv_blocks, int revoke_records, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no); extern int jbd2_journal_restart(handle_t *, int nblocks); extern int jbd2__journal_restart(handle_t *, int nblocks, int revoke_records, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern int jbd2_journal_start_reserved(handle_t *handle, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no); extern void jbd2_journal_free_reserved(handle_t *handle); extern int jbd2_journal_extend(handle_t *handle, int nblocks, int revoke_records); extern int jbd2_journal_get_write_access(handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_get_create_access (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_get_undo_access(handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); void jbd2_journal_set_triggers(struct buffer_head *, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type); extern int jbd2_journal_dirty_metadata (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_forget (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_invalidatepage(journal_t *, struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); extern int jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal_t *journal, struct page *page); extern int jbd2_journal_stop(handle_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_flush (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_lock_updates (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_unlock_updates (journal_t *); extern journal_t * jbd2_journal_init_dev(struct block_device *bdev, struct block_device *fs_dev, unsigned long long start, int len, int bsize); extern journal_t * jbd2_journal_init_inode (struct inode *); extern int jbd2_journal_update_format (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_check_used_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_check_available_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_set_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern void jbd2_journal_clear_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_load (journal_t *journal); extern int jbd2_journal_destroy (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_recover (journal_t *journal); extern int jbd2_journal_wipe (journal_t *, int); extern int jbd2_journal_skip_recovery (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_update_sb_log_tail (journal_t *, tid_t, unsigned long, int); extern void jbd2_journal_abort (journal_t *, int); extern int jbd2_journal_errno (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_ack_err (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_clear_err (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_bmap(journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long long *); extern int jbd2_journal_force_commit(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_force_commit_nested(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_write(handle_t *handle, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length); extern int jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_wait(handle_t *handle, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length); extern int jbd2_journal_submit_inode_data_buffers( struct jbd2_inode *jinode); extern int jbd2_journal_finish_inode_data_buffers( struct jbd2_inode *jinode); extern int jbd2_journal_begin_ordered_truncate(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t new_size); extern void jbd2_journal_init_jbd_inode(struct jbd2_inode *jinode, struct inode *inode); extern void jbd2_journal_release_jbd_inode(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *jinode); /* * journal_head management */ struct journal_head *jbd2_journal_add_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh); struct journal_head *jbd2_journal_grab_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh); void jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(struct journal_head *jh); /* * handle management */ extern struct kmem_cache *jbd2_handle_cache; static inline handle_t *jbd2_alloc_handle(gfp_t gfp_flags) { return kmem_cache_zalloc(jbd2_handle_cache, gfp_flags); } static inline void jbd2_free_handle(handle_t *handle) { kmem_cache_free(jbd2_handle_cache, handle); } /* * jbd2_inode management (optional, for those file systems that want to use * dynamically allocated jbd2_inode structures) */ extern struct kmem_cache *jbd2_inode_cache; static inline struct jbd2_inode *jbd2_alloc_inode(gfp_t gfp_flags) { return kmem_cache_alloc(jbd2_inode_cache, gfp_flags); } static inline void jbd2_free_inode(struct jbd2_inode *jinode) { kmem_cache_free(jbd2_inode_cache, jinode); } /* Primary revoke support */ #define JOURNAL_REVOKE_DEFAULT_HASH 256 extern int jbd2_journal_init_revoke(journal_t *, int); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke_record_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke_table_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_revoke_record_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_revoke_table_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_revoke (handle_t *, unsigned long long, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_cancel_revoke(handle_t *, struct journal_head *); extern void jbd2_journal_write_revoke_records(transaction_t *transaction, struct list_head *log_bufs); /* Recovery revoke support */ extern int jbd2_journal_set_revoke(journal_t *, unsigned long long, tid_t); extern int jbd2_journal_test_revoke(journal_t *, unsigned long long, tid_t); extern void jbd2_journal_clear_revoke(journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_switch_revoke_table(journal_t *journal); extern void jbd2_clear_buffer_revoked_flags(journal_t *journal); /* * The log thread user interface: * * Request space in the current transaction, and force transaction commit * transitions on demand. */ int jbd2_log_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int __jbd2_log_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_journal_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t *tid); int jbd2_log_wait_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_transaction_committed(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_complete_transaction(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_log_do_checkpoint(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_trans_will_send_data_barrier(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); void __jbd2_log_wait_for_space(journal_t *journal); extern void __jbd2_journal_drop_transaction(journal_t *, transaction_t *); extern int jbd2_cleanup_journal_tail(journal_t *); /* Fast commit related APIs */ int jbd2_fc_begin_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_fc_end_commit(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_fc_end_commit_fallback(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_fc_get_buf(journal_t *journal, struct buffer_head **bh_out); int jbd2_submit_inode_data(struct jbd2_inode *jinode); int jbd2_wait_inode_data(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *jinode); int jbd2_fc_wait_bufs(journal_t *journal, int num_blks); int jbd2_fc_release_bufs(journal_t *journal); static inline int jbd2_journal_get_max_txn_bufs(journal_t *journal) { return (journal->j_total_len - journal->j_fc_wbufsize) / 4; } /* * is_journal_abort * * Simple test wrapper function to test the JBD2_ABORT state flag. This * bit, when set, indicates that we have had a fatal error somewhere, * either inside the journaling layer or indicated to us by the client * (eg. ext3), and that we and should not commit any further * transactions. */ static inline int is_journal_aborted(journal_t *journal) { return journal->j_flags & JBD2_ABORT; } static inline int is_handle_aborted(handle_t *handle) { if (handle->h_aborted || !handle->h_transaction) return 1; return is_journal_aborted(handle->h_transaction->t_journal); } static inline void jbd2_journal_abort_handle(handle_t *handle) { handle->h_aborted = 1; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ /* Comparison functions for transaction IDs: perform comparisons using * modulo arithmetic so that they work over sequence number wraps. */ static inline int tid_gt(tid_t x, tid_t y) { int difference = (x - y); return (difference > 0); } static inline int tid_geq(tid_t x, tid_t y) { int difference = (x - y); return (difference >= 0); } extern int jbd2_journal_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode); extern size_t journal_tag_bytes(journal_t *journal); static inline bool jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3_feature(journal_t *j) { return jbd2_has_feature_csum2(j) || jbd2_has_feature_csum3(j); } static inline int jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3(journal_t *journal) { WARN_ON_ONCE(jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3_feature(journal) && journal->j_chksum_driver == NULL); return journal->j_chksum_driver != NULL; } /* * Return number of free blocks in the log. Must be called under j_state_lock. */ static inline unsigned long jbd2_log_space_left(journal_t *journal) { /* Allow for rounding errors */ long free = journal->j_free - 32; if (journal->j_committing_transaction) { free -= atomic_read(&journal-> j_committing_transaction->t_outstanding_credits); } return max_t(long, free, 0); } /* * Definitions which augment the buffer_head layer */ /* journaling buffer types */ #define BJ_None 0 /* Not journaled */ #define BJ_Metadata 1 /* Normal journaled metadata */ #define BJ_Forget 2 /* Buffer superseded by this transaction */ #define BJ_Shadow 3 /* Buffer contents being shadowed to the log */ #define BJ_Reserved 4 /* Buffer is reserved for access by journal */ #define BJ_Types 5 extern int jbd_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode); /* JBD uses a CRC32 checksum */ #define JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE 4 static inline u32 jbd2_chksum(journal_t *journal, u32 crc, const void *address, unsigned int length) { struct { struct shash_desc shash; char ctx[JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE]; } desc; int err; BUG_ON(crypto_shash_descsize(journal->j_chksum_driver) > JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE); desc.shash.tfm = journal->j_chksum_driver; *(u32 *)desc.ctx = crc; err = crypto_shash_update(&desc.shash, address, length); BUG_ON(err); return *(u32 *)desc.ctx; } /* Return most recent uncommitted transaction */ static inline tid_t jbd2_get_latest_transaction(journal_t *journal) { tid_t tid; read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); tid = journal->j_commit_request; if (journal->j_running_transaction) tid = journal->j_running_transaction->t_tid; read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return tid; } static inline int jbd2_handle_buffer_credits(handle_t *handle) { journal_t *journal; if (!handle->h_reserved) journal = handle->h_transaction->t_journal; else journal = handle->h_journal; return handle->h_total_credits - DIV_ROUND_UP(handle->h_revoke_credits_requested, journal->j_revoke_records_per_block); } #ifdef __KERNEL__ #define buffer_trace_init(bh) do {} while (0) #define print_buffer_fields(bh) do {} while (0) #define print_buffer_trace(bh) do {} while (0) #define BUFFER_TRACE(bh, info) do {} while (0) #define BUFFER_TRACE2(bh, bh2, info) do {} while (0) #define JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, info) do {} while (0) #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #define EFSBADCRC EBADMSG /* Bad CRC detected */ #define EFSCORRUPTED EUCLEAN /* Filesystem is corrupted */ #endif /* _LINUX_JBD2_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_BLOCKGROUP_LOCK_H #define _LINUX_BLOCKGROUP_LOCK_H /* * Per-blockgroup locking for ext2 and ext3. * * Simple hashed spinlocking. */ #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #ifdef CONFIG_SMP #define NR_BG_LOCKS (4 << ilog2(NR_CPUS < 32 ? NR_CPUS : 32)) #else #define NR_BG_LOCKS 1 #endif struct bgl_lock { spinlock_t lock; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct blockgroup_lock { struct bgl_lock locks[NR_BG_LOCKS]; }; static inline void bgl_lock_init(struct blockgroup_lock *bgl) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_BG_LOCKS; i++) spin_lock_init(&bgl->locks[i].lock); } static inline spinlock_t * bgl_lock_ptr(struct blockgroup_lock *bgl, unsigned int block_group) { return &bgl->locks[block_group & (NR_BG_LOCKS-1)].lock; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_CTYPE_H #define _LINUX_CTYPE_H /* * NOTE! This ctype does not handle EOF like the standard C * library is required to. */ #define _U 0x01 /* upper */ #define _L 0x02 /* lower */ #define _D 0x04 /* digit */ #define _C 0x08 /* cntrl */ #define _P 0x10 /* punct */ #define _S 0x20 /* white space (space/lf/tab) */ #define _X 0x40 /* hex digit */ #define _SP 0x80 /* hard space (0x20) */ extern const unsigned char _ctype[]; #define __ismask(x) (_ctype[(int)(unsigned char)(x)]) #define isalnum(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_U|_L|_D)) != 0) #define isalpha(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_U|_L)) != 0) #define iscntrl(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_C)) != 0) static inline int isdigit(int c) { return '0' <= c && c <= '9'; } #define isgraph(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_P|_U|_L|_D)) != 0) #define islower(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_L)) != 0) #define isprint(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_P|_U|_L|_D|_SP)) != 0) #define ispunct(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_P)) != 0) /* Note: isspace() must return false for %NUL-terminator */ #define isspace(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_S)) != 0) #define isupper(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_U)) != 0) #define isxdigit(c) ((__ismask(c)&(_D|_X)) != 0) #define isascii(c) (((unsigned char)(c))<=0x7f) #define toascii(c) (((unsigned char)(c))&0x7f) static inline unsigned char __tolower(unsigned char c) { if (isupper(c)) c -= 'A'-'a'; return c; } static inline unsigned char __toupper(unsigned char c) { if (islower(c)) c -= 'a'-'A'; return c; } #define tolower(c) __tolower(c) #define toupper(c) __toupper(c) /* * Fast implementation of tolower() for internal usage. Do not use in your * code. */ static inline char _tolower(const char c) { return c | 0x20; } /* Fast check for octal digit */ static inline int isodigit(const char c) { return c >= '0' && c <= '7'; } #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_CLEANCACHE_H #define _LINUX_CLEANCACHE_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/exportfs.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #define CLEANCACHE_NO_POOL -1 #define CLEANCACHE_NO_BACKEND -2 #define CLEANCACHE_NO_BACKEND_SHARED -3 #define CLEANCACHE_KEY_MAX 6 /* * cleancache requires every file with a page in cleancache to have a * unique key unless/until the file is removed/truncated. For some * filesystems, the inode number is unique, but for "modern" filesystems * an exportable filehandle is required (see exportfs.h) */ struct cleancache_filekey { union { ino_t ino; __u32 fh[CLEANCACHE_KEY_MAX]; u32 key[CLEANCACHE_KEY_MAX]; } u; }; struct cleancache_ops { int (*init_fs)(size_t); int (*init_shared_fs)(uuid_t *uuid, size_t); int (*get_page)(int, struct cleancache_filekey, pgoff_t, struct page *); void (*put_page)(int, struct cleancache_filekey, pgoff_t, struct page *); void (*invalidate_page)(int, struct cleancache_filekey, pgoff_t); void (*invalidate_inode)(int, struct cleancache_filekey); void (*invalidate_fs)(int); }; extern int cleancache_register_ops(const struct cleancache_ops *ops); extern void __cleancache_init_fs(struct super_block *); extern void __cleancache_init_shared_fs(struct super_block *); extern int __cleancache_get_page(struct page *); extern void __cleancache_put_page(struct page *); extern void __cleancache_invalidate_page(struct address_space *, struct page *); extern void __cleancache_invalidate_inode(struct address_space *); extern void __cleancache_invalidate_fs(struct super_block *); #ifdef CONFIG_CLEANCACHE #define cleancache_enabled (1) static inline bool cleancache_fs_enabled_mapping(struct address_space *mapping) { return mapping->host->i_sb->cleancache_poolid >= 0; } static inline bool cleancache_fs_enabled(struct page *page) { return cleancache_fs_enabled_mapping(page->mapping); } #else #define cleancache_enabled (0) #define cleancache_fs_enabled(_page) (0) #define cleancache_fs_enabled_mapping(_page) (0) #endif /* * The shim layer provided by these inline functions allows the compiler * to reduce all cleancache hooks to nothingness if CONFIG_CLEANCACHE * is disabled, to a single global variable check if CONFIG_CLEANCACHE * is enabled but no cleancache "backend" has dynamically enabled it, * and, for the most frequent cleancache ops, to a single global variable * check plus a superblock element comparison if CONFIG_CLEANCACHE is enabled * and a cleancache backend has dynamically enabled cleancache, but the * filesystem referenced by that cleancache op has not enabled cleancache. * As a result, CONFIG_CLEANCACHE can be enabled by default with essentially * no measurable performance impact. */ static inline void cleancache_init_fs(struct super_block *sb) { if (cleancache_enabled) __cleancache_init_fs(sb); } static inline void cleancache_init_shared_fs(struct super_block *sb) { if (cleancache_enabled) __cleancache_init_shared_fs(sb); } static inline int cleancache_get_page(struct page *page) { if (cleancache_enabled && cleancache_fs_enabled(page)) return __cleancache_get_page(page); return -1; } static inline void cleancache_put_page(struct page *page) { if (cleancache_enabled && cleancache_fs_enabled(page)) __cleancache_put_page(page); } static inline void cleancache_invalidate_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page) { /* careful... page->mapping is NULL sometimes when this is called */ if (cleancache_enabled && cleancache_fs_enabled_mapping(mapping)) __cleancache_invalidate_page(mapping, page); } static inline void cleancache_invalidate_inode(struct address_space *mapping) { if (cleancache_enabled && cleancache_fs_enabled_mapping(mapping)) __cleancache_invalidate_inode(mapping); } static inline void cleancache_invalidate_fs(struct super_block *sb) { if (cleancache_enabled) __cleancache_invalidate_fs(sb); } #endif /* _LINUX_CLEANCACHE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the UDP module. * * Version: @(#)udp.h 1.0.2 05/07/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> * * Fixes: * Alan Cox : Turned on udp checksums. I don't want to * chase 'memory corruption' bugs that aren't! */ #ifndef _UDP_H #define _UDP_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> /** * struct udp_skb_cb - UDP(-Lite) private variables * * @header: private variables used by IPv4/IPv6 * @cscov: checksum coverage length (UDP-Lite only) * @partial_cov: if set indicates partial csum coverage */ struct udp_skb_cb { union { struct inet_skb_parm h4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct inet6_skb_parm h6; #endif } header; __u16 cscov; __u8 partial_cov; }; #define UDP_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct udp_skb_cb *)((__skb)->cb)) /** * struct udp_hslot - UDP hash slot * * @head: head of list of sockets * @count: number of sockets in 'head' list * @lock: spinlock protecting changes to head/count */ struct udp_hslot { struct hlist_head head; int count; spinlock_t lock; } __attribute__((aligned(2 * sizeof(long)))); /** * struct udp_table - UDP table * * @hash: hash table, sockets are hashed on (local port) * @hash2: hash table, sockets are hashed on (local port, local address) * @mask: number of slots in hash tables, minus 1 * @log: log2(number of slots in hash table) */ struct udp_table { struct udp_hslot *hash; struct udp_hslot *hash2; unsigned int mask; unsigned int log; }; extern struct udp_table udp_table; void udp_table_init(struct udp_table *, const char *); static inline struct udp_hslot *udp_hashslot(struct udp_table *table, struct net *net, unsigned int num) { return &table->hash[udp_hashfn(net, num, table->mask)]; } /* * For secondary hash, net_hash_mix() is performed before calling * udp_hashslot2(), this explains difference with udp_hashslot() */ static inline struct udp_hslot *udp_hashslot2(struct udp_table *table, unsigned int hash) { return &table->hash2[hash & table->mask]; } extern struct proto udp_prot; extern atomic_long_t udp_memory_allocated; /* sysctl variables for udp */ extern long sysctl_udp_mem[3]; extern int sysctl_udp_rmem_min; extern int sysctl_udp_wmem_min; struct sk_buff; /* * Generic checksumming routines for UDP(-Lite) v4 and v6 */ static inline __sum16 __udp_lib_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov == skb->len ? __skb_checksum_complete(skb) : __skb_checksum_complete_head(skb, UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov)); } static inline int udp_lib_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) && __udp_lib_checksum_complete(skb); } /** * udp_csum_outgoing - compute UDPv4/v6 checksum over fragments * @sk: socket we are writing to * @skb: sk_buff containing the filled-in UDP header * (checksum field must be zeroed out) */ static inline __wsum udp_csum_outgoing(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { __wsum csum = csum_partial(skb_transport_header(skb), sizeof(struct udphdr), 0); skb_queue_walk(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb) { csum = csum_add(csum, skb->csum); } return csum; } static inline __wsum udp_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { __wsum csum = csum_partial(skb_transport_header(skb), sizeof(struct udphdr), skb->csum); for (skb = skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list; skb; skb = skb->next) { csum = csum_add(csum, skb->csum); } return csum; } static inline __sum16 udp_v4_check(int len, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __wsum base) { return csum_tcpudp_magic(saddr, daddr, len, IPPROTO_UDP, base); } void udp_set_csum(bool nocheck, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, int len); static inline void udp_csum_pull_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb->csum_valid && skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) skb->csum = csum_partial(skb->data, sizeof(struct udphdr), skb->csum); skb_pull_rcsum(skb, sizeof(struct udphdr)); UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov -= sizeof(struct udphdr); } typedef struct sock *(*udp_lookup_t)(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 sport, __be16 dport); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(struct sk_buff *udp4_gro_receive(struct list_head *, struct sk_buff *)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int udp4_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *, int)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(struct sk_buff *udp6_gro_receive(struct list_head *, struct sk_buff *)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int udp6_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *, int)); struct sk_buff *udp_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb, struct udphdr *uh, struct sock *sk); int udp_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhoff, udp_lookup_t lookup); struct sk_buff *__udp_gso_segment(struct sk_buff *gso_skb, netdev_features_t features, bool is_ipv6); static inline struct udphdr *udp_gro_udphdr(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct udphdr *uh; unsigned int hlen, off; off = skb_gro_offset(skb); hlen = off + sizeof(*uh); uh = skb_gro_header_fast(skb, off); if (skb_gro_header_hard(skb, hlen)) uh = skb_gro_header_slow(skb, hlen, off); return uh; } /* hash routines shared between UDPv4/6 and UDP-Litev4/6 */ static inline int udp_lib_hash(struct sock *sk) { BUG(); return 0; } void udp_lib_unhash(struct sock *sk); void udp_lib_rehash(struct sock *sk, u16 new_hash); static inline void udp_lib_close(struct sock *sk, long timeout) { sk_common_release(sk); } int udp_lib_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum, unsigned int hash2_nulladdr); u32 udp_flow_hashrnd(void); static inline __be16 udp_flow_src_port(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, int min, int max, bool use_eth) { u32 hash; if (min >= max) { /* Use default range */ inet_get_local_port_range(net, &min, &max); } hash = skb_get_hash(skb); if (unlikely(!hash)) { if (use_eth) { /* Can't find a normal hash, caller has indicated an * Ethernet packet so use that to compute a hash. */ hash = jhash(skb->data, 2 * ETH_ALEN, (__force u32) skb->protocol); } else { /* Can't derive any sort of hash for the packet, set * to some consistent random value. */ hash = udp_flow_hashrnd(); } } /* Since this is being sent on the wire obfuscate hash a bit * to minimize possbility that any useful information to an * attacker is leaked. Only upper 16 bits are relevant in the * computation for 16 bit port value. */ hash ^= hash << 16; return htons((((u64) hash * (max - min)) >> 32) + min); } static inline int udp_rqueue_get(struct sock *sk) { return sk_rmem_alloc_get(sk) - READ_ONCE(udp_sk(sk)->forward_deficit); } static inline bool udp_sk_bound_dev_eq(struct net *net, int bound_dev_if, int dif, int sdif) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) return inet_bound_dev_eq(!!net->ipv4.sysctl_udp_l3mdev_accept, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #else return inet_bound_dev_eq(true, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #endif } /* net/ipv4/udp.c */ void udp_destruct_sock(struct sock *sk); void skb_consume_udp(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int len); int __udp_enqueue_schedule_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void udp_skb_destructor(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *__skb_recv_udp(struct sock *sk, unsigned int flags, int noblock, int *off, int *err); static inline struct sk_buff *skb_recv_udp(struct sock *sk, unsigned int flags, int noblock, int *err) { int off = 0; return __skb_recv_udp(sk, flags, noblock, &off, err); } int udp_v4_early_demux(struct sk_buff *skb); bool udp_sk_rx_dst_set(struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst); int udp_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum, int (*saddr_cmp)(const struct sock *, const struct sock *)); int udp_err(struct sk_buff *, u32); int udp_abort(struct sock *sk, int err); int udp_sendmsg(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len); int udp_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); void udp_flush_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); int udp_cmsg_send(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, u16 *gso_size); void udp4_hwcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 src, __be32 dst); int udp_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); int udp_ioctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, unsigned long arg); int udp_init_sock(struct sock *sk); int udp_pre_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); int __udp_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags); int udp_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags); __poll_t udp_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, poll_table *wait); struct sk_buff *skb_udp_tunnel_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features, bool is_ipv6); int udp_lib_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); int udp_lib_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen, int (*push_pending_frames)(struct sock *)); struct sock *udp4_lib_lookup(struct net *net, __be32 saddr, __be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif); struct sock *__udp4_lib_lookup(struct net *net, __be32 saddr, __be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif, int sdif, struct udp_table *tbl, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *udp4_lib_lookup_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 sport, __be16 dport); struct sock *udp6_lib_lookup(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *saddr, __be16 sport, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __be16 dport, int dif); struct sock *__udp6_lib_lookup(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *saddr, __be16 sport, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __be16 dport, int dif, int sdif, struct udp_table *tbl, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *udp6_lib_lookup_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 sport, __be16 dport); /* UDP uses skb->dev_scratch to cache as much information as possible and avoid * possibly multiple cache miss on dequeue() */ struct udp_dev_scratch { /* skb->truesize and the stateless bit are embedded in a single field; * do not use a bitfield since the compiler emits better/smaller code * this way */ u32 _tsize_state; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* len and the bit needed to compute skb_csum_unnecessary * will be on cold cache lines at recvmsg time. * skb->len can be stored on 16 bits since the udp header has been * already validated and pulled. */ u16 len; bool is_linear; bool csum_unnecessary; #endif }; static inline struct udp_dev_scratch *udp_skb_scratch(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct udp_dev_scratch *)&skb->dev_scratch; } #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 static inline unsigned int udp_skb_len(struct sk_buff *skb) { return udp_skb_scratch(skb)->len; } static inline bool udp_skb_csum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { return udp_skb_scratch(skb)->csum_unnecessary; } static inline bool udp_skb_is_linear(struct sk_buff *skb) { return udp_skb_scratch(skb)->is_linear; } #else static inline unsigned int udp_skb_len(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->len; } static inline bool udp_skb_csum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_csum_unnecessary(skb); } static inline bool udp_skb_is_linear(struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb_is_nonlinear(skb); } #endif static inline int copy_linear_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int len, int off, struct iov_iter *to) { int n; n = copy_to_iter(skb->data + off, len, to); if (n == len) return 0; iov_iter_revert(to, n); return -EFAULT; } /* * SNMP statistics for UDP and UDP-Lite */ #define UDP_INC_STATS(net, field, is_udplite) do { \ if (is_udplite) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_statistics, field); \ else SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_statistics, field); } while(0) #define __UDP_INC_STATS(net, field, is_udplite) do { \ if (is_udplite) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_statistics, field); \ else __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_statistics, field); } while(0) #define __UDP6_INC_STATS(net, field, is_udplite) do { \ if (is_udplite) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_stats_in6, field);\ else __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_stats_in6, field); \ } while(0) #define UDP6_INC_STATS(net, field, __lite) do { \ if (__lite) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_stats_in6, field); \ else SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_stats_in6, field); \ } while(0) #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) #define __UDPX_MIB(sk, ipv4) \ ({ \ ipv4 ? (IS_UDPLITE(sk) ? sock_net(sk)->mib.udplite_statistics : \ sock_net(sk)->mib.udp_statistics) : \ (IS_UDPLITE(sk) ? sock_net(sk)->mib.udplite_stats_in6 : \ sock_net(sk)->mib.udp_stats_in6); \ }) #else #define __UDPX_MIB(sk, ipv4) \ ({ \ IS_UDPLITE(sk) ? sock_net(sk)->mib.udplite_statistics : \ sock_net(sk)->mib.udp_statistics; \ }) #endif #define __UDPX_INC_STATS(sk, field) \ __SNMP_INC_STATS(__UDPX_MIB(sk, (sk)->sk_family == AF_INET), field) #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct udp_seq_afinfo { sa_family_t family; struct udp_table *udp_table; }; struct udp_iter_state { struct seq_net_private p; int bucket; struct udp_seq_afinfo *bpf_seq_afinfo; }; void *udp_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos); void *udp_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); void udp_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); extern const struct seq_operations udp_seq_ops; extern const struct seq_operations udp6_seq_ops; int udp4_proc_init(void); void udp4_proc_exit(void); #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ int udpv4_offload_init(void); void udp_init(void); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(udp_encap_needed_key); void udp_encap_enable(void); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(udpv6_encap_needed_key); void udpv6_encap_enable(void); #endif static inline struct sk_buff *udp_rcv_segment(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, bool ipv4) { netdev_features_t features = NETIF_F_SG; struct sk_buff *segs; /* Avoid csum recalculation by skb_segment unless userspace explicitly * asks for the final checksum values */ if (!inet_get_convert_csum(sk)) features |= NETIF_F_IP_CSUM | NETIF_F_IPV6_CSUM; /* UDP segmentation expects packets of type CHECKSUM_PARTIAL or * CHECKSUM_NONE in __udp_gso_segment. UDP GRO indeed builds partial * packets in udp_gro_complete_segment. As does UDP GSO, verified by * udp_send_skb. But when those packets are looped in dev_loopback_xmit * their ip_summed CHECKSUM_NONE is changed to CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY. * Reset in this specific case, where PARTIAL is both correct and * required. */ if (skb->pkt_type == PACKET_LOOPBACK) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL; /* the GSO CB lays after the UDP one, no need to save and restore any * CB fragment */ segs = __skb_gso_segment(skb, features, false); if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(segs)) { int segs_nr = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs; atomic_add(segs_nr, &sk->sk_drops); SNMP_ADD_STATS(__UDPX_MIB(sk, ipv4), UDP_MIB_INERRORS, segs_nr); kfree_skb(skb); return NULL; } consume_skb(skb); return segs; } #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_STREAM_PARSER struct sk_psock; struct proto *udp_bpf_get_proto(struct sock *sk, struct sk_psock *psock); #endif /* BPF_STREAM_PARSER */ #endif /* _UDP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NET_DST_CACHE_H #define _NET_DST_CACHE_H #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <net/dst.h> #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) #include <net/ip6_fib.h> #endif struct dst_cache { struct dst_cache_pcpu __percpu *cache; unsigned long reset_ts; }; /** * dst_cache_get - perform cache lookup * @dst_cache: the cache * * The caller should use dst_cache_get_ip4() if it need to retrieve the * source address to be used when xmitting to the cached dst. * local BH must be disabled. */ struct dst_entry *dst_cache_get(struct dst_cache *dst_cache); /** * dst_cache_get_ip4 - perform cache lookup and fetch ipv4 source address * @dst_cache: the cache * @saddr: return value for the retrieved source address * * local BH must be disabled. */ struct rtable *dst_cache_get_ip4(struct dst_cache *dst_cache, __be32 *saddr); /** * dst_cache_set_ip4 - store the ipv4 dst into the cache * @dst_cache: the cache * @dst: the entry to be cached * @saddr: the source address to be stored inside the cache * * local BH must be disabled. */ void dst_cache_set_ip4(struct dst_cache *dst_cache, struct dst_entry *dst, __be32 saddr); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) /** * dst_cache_set_ip6 - store the ipv6 dst into the cache * @dst_cache: the cache * @dst: the entry to be cached * @saddr: the source address to be stored inside the cache * * local BH must be disabled. */ void dst_cache_set_ip6(struct dst_cache *dst_cache, struct dst_entry *dst, const struct in6_addr *saddr); /** * dst_cache_get_ip6 - perform cache lookup and fetch ipv6 source address * @dst_cache: the cache * @saddr: return value for the retrieved source address * * local BH must be disabled. */ struct dst_entry *dst_cache_get_ip6(struct dst_cache *dst_cache, struct in6_addr *saddr); #endif /** * dst_cache_reset - invalidate the cache contents * @dst_cache: the cache * * This does not free the cached dst to avoid races and contentions. * the dst will be freed on later cache lookup. */ static inline void dst_cache_reset(struct dst_cache *dst_cache) { dst_cache->reset_ts = jiffies; } /** * dst_cache_reset_now - invalidate the cache contents immediately * @dst_cache: the cache * * The caller must be sure there are no concurrent users, as this frees * all dst_cache users immediately, rather than waiting for the next * per-cpu usage like dst_cache_reset does. Most callers should use the * higher speed lazily-freed dst_cache_reset function instead. */ void dst_cache_reset_now(struct dst_cache *dst_cache); /** * dst_cache_init - initialize the cache, allocating the required storage * @dst_cache: the cache * @gfp: allocation flags */ int dst_cache_init(struct dst_cache *dst_cache, gfp_t gfp); /** * dst_cache_destroy - empty the cache and free the allocated storage * @dst_cache: the cache * * No synchronization is enforced: it must be called only when the cache * is unsed. */ void dst_cache_destroy(struct dst_cache *dst_cache); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_EXTEND_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_EXTEND_H #include <linux/slab.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h> enum nf_ct_ext_id { NF_CT_EXT_HELPER, #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) NF_CT_EXT_NAT, #endif NF_CT_EXT_SEQADJ, NF_CT_EXT_ACCT, #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_EVENTS NF_CT_EXT_ECACHE, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_TIMESTAMP NF_CT_EXT_TSTAMP, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_TIMEOUT NF_CT_EXT_TIMEOUT, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_LABELS NF_CT_EXT_LABELS, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_SYNPROXY) NF_CT_EXT_SYNPROXY, #endif NF_CT_EXT_NUM, }; #define NF_CT_EXT_HELPER_TYPE struct nf_conn_help #define NF_CT_EXT_NAT_TYPE struct nf_conn_nat #define NF_CT_EXT_SEQADJ_TYPE struct nf_conn_seqadj #define NF_CT_EXT_ACCT_TYPE struct nf_conn_acct #define NF_CT_EXT_ECACHE_TYPE struct nf_conntrack_ecache #define NF_CT_EXT_TSTAMP_TYPE struct nf_conn_tstamp #define NF_CT_EXT_TIMEOUT_TYPE struct nf_conn_timeout #define NF_CT_EXT_LABELS_TYPE struct nf_conn_labels #define NF_CT_EXT_SYNPROXY_TYPE struct nf_conn_synproxy /* Extensions: optional stuff which isn't permanently in struct. */ struct nf_ct_ext { u8 offset[NF_CT_EXT_NUM]; u8 len; char data[]; }; static inline bool __nf_ct_ext_exist(const struct nf_ct_ext *ext, u8 id) { return !!ext->offset[id]; } static inline bool nf_ct_ext_exist(const struct nf_conn *ct, u8 id) { return (ct->ext && __nf_ct_ext_exist(ct->ext, id)); } static inline void *__nf_ct_ext_find(const struct nf_conn *ct, u8 id) { if (!nf_ct_ext_exist(ct, id)) return NULL; return (void *)ct->ext + ct->ext->offset[id]; } #define nf_ct_ext_find(ext, id) \ ((id##_TYPE *)__nf_ct_ext_find((ext), (id))) /* Destroy all relationships */ void nf_ct_ext_destroy(struct nf_conn *ct); /* Add this type, returns pointer to data or NULL. */ void *nf_ct_ext_add(struct nf_conn *ct, enum nf_ct_ext_id id, gfp_t gfp); struct nf_ct_ext_type { /* Destroys relationships (can be NULL). */ void (*destroy)(struct nf_conn *ct); enum nf_ct_ext_id id; /* Length and min alignment. */ u8 len; u8 align; }; int nf_ct_extend_register(const struct nf_ct_ext_type *type); void nf_ct_extend_unregister(const struct nf_ct_ext_type *type); #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_EXTEND_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_SPINLOCK_H #define __LINUX_SPINLOCK_H /* * include/linux/spinlock.h - generic spinlock/rwlock declarations * * here's the role of the various spinlock/rwlock related include files: * * on SMP builds: * * asm/spinlock_types.h: contains the arch_spinlock_t/arch_rwlock_t and the * initializers * * linux/spinlock_types.h: * defines the generic type and initializers * * asm/spinlock.h: contains the arch_spin_*()/etc. lowlevel * implementations, mostly inline assembly code * * (also included on UP-debug builds:) * * linux/spinlock_api_smp.h: * contains the prototypes for the _spin_*() APIs. * * linux/spinlock.h: builds the final spin_*() APIs. * * on UP builds: * * linux/spinlock_type_up.h: * contains the generic, simplified UP spinlock type. * (which is an empty structure on non-debug builds) * * linux/spinlock_types.h: * defines the generic type and initializers * * linux/spinlock_up.h: * contains the arch_spin_*()/etc. version of UP * builds. (which are NOPs on non-debug, non-preempt * builds) * * (included on UP-non-debug builds:) * * linux/spinlock_api_up.h: * builds the _spin_*() APIs. * * linux/spinlock.h: builds the final spin_*() APIs. */ #include <linux/typecheck.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/stringify.h> #include <linux/bottom_half.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <asm/barrier.h> #include <asm/mmiowb.h> /* * Must define these before including other files, inline functions need them */ #define LOCK_SECTION_NAME ".text..lock."KBUILD_BASENAME #define LOCK_SECTION_START(extra) \ ".subsection 1\n\t" \ extra \ ".ifndef " LOCK_SECTION_NAME "\n\t" \ LOCK_SECTION_NAME ":\n\t" \ ".endif\n" #define LOCK_SECTION_END \ ".previous\n\t" #define __lockfunc __section(".spinlock.text") /* * Pull the arch_spinlock_t and arch_rwlock_t definitions: */ #include <linux/spinlock_types.h> /* * Pull the arch_spin*() functions/declarations (UP-nondebug doesn't need them): */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP # include <asm/spinlock.h> #else # include <linux/spinlock_up.h> #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK extern void __raw_spin_lock_init(raw_spinlock_t *lock, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key, short inner); # define raw_spin_lock_init(lock) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ __raw_spin_lock_init((lock), #lock, &__key, LD_WAIT_SPIN); \ } while (0) #else # define raw_spin_lock_init(lock) \ do { *(lock) = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(lock); } while (0) #endif #define raw_spin_is_locked(lock) arch_spin_is_locked(&(lock)->raw_lock) #ifdef arch_spin_is_contended #define raw_spin_is_contended(lock) arch_spin_is_contended(&(lock)->raw_lock) #else #define raw_spin_is_contended(lock) (((void)(lock), 0)) #endif /*arch_spin_is_contended*/ /* * smp_mb__after_spinlock() provides the equivalent of a full memory barrier * between program-order earlier lock acquisitions and program-order later * memory accesses. * * This guarantees that the following two properties hold: * * 1) Given the snippet: * * { X = 0; Y = 0; } * * CPU0 CPU1 * * WRITE_ONCE(X, 1); WRITE_ONCE(Y, 1); * spin_lock(S); smp_mb(); * smp_mb__after_spinlock(); r1 = READ_ONCE(X); * r0 = READ_ONCE(Y); * spin_unlock(S); * * it is forbidden that CPU0 does not observe CPU1's store to Y (r0 = 0) * and CPU1 does not observe CPU0's store to X (r1 = 0); see the comments * preceding the call to smp_mb__after_spinlock() in __schedule() and in * try_to_wake_up(). * * 2) Given the snippet: * * { X = 0; Y = 0; } * * CPU0 CPU1 CPU2 * * spin_lock(S); spin_lock(S); r1 = READ_ONCE(Y); * WRITE_ONCE(X, 1); smp_mb__after_spinlock(); smp_rmb(); * spin_unlock(S); r0 = READ_ONCE(X); r2 = READ_ONCE(X); * WRITE_ONCE(Y, 1); * spin_unlock(S); * * it is forbidden that CPU0's critical section executes before CPU1's * critical section (r0 = 1), CPU2 observes CPU1's store to Y (r1 = 1) * and CPU2 does not observe CPU0's store to X (r2 = 0); see the comments * preceding the calls to smp_rmb() in try_to_wake_up() for similar * snippets but "projected" onto two CPUs. * * Property (2) upgrades the lock to an RCsc lock. * * Since most load-store architectures implement ACQUIRE with an smp_mb() after * the LL/SC loop, they need no further barriers. Similarly all our TSO * architectures imply an smp_mb() for each atomic instruction and equally don't * need more. * * Architectures that can implement ACQUIRE better need to take care. */ #ifndef smp_mb__after_spinlock #define smp_mb__after_spinlock() do { } while (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK extern void do_raw_spin_lock(raw_spinlock_t *lock) __acquires(lock); #define do_raw_spin_lock_flags(lock, flags) do_raw_spin_lock(lock) extern int do_raw_spin_trylock(raw_spinlock_t *lock); extern void do_raw_spin_unlock(raw_spinlock_t *lock) __releases(lock); #else static inline void do_raw_spin_lock(raw_spinlock_t *lock) __acquires(lock) { __acquire(lock); arch_spin_lock(&lock->raw_lock); mmiowb_spin_lock(); } #ifndef arch_spin_lock_flags #define arch_spin_lock_flags(lock, flags) arch_spin_lock(lock) #endif static inline void do_raw_spin_lock_flags(raw_spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(lock) { __acquire(lock); arch_spin_lock_flags(&lock->raw_lock, *flags); mmiowb_spin_lock(); } static inline int do_raw_spin_trylock(raw_spinlock_t *lock) { int ret = arch_spin_trylock(&(lock)->raw_lock); if (ret) mmiowb_spin_lock(); return ret; } static inline void do_raw_spin_unlock(raw_spinlock_t *lock) __releases(lock) { mmiowb_spin_unlock(); arch_spin_unlock(&lock->raw_lock); __release(lock); } #endif /* * Define the various spin_lock methods. Note we define these * regardless of whether CONFIG_SMP or CONFIG_PREEMPTION are set. The * various methods are defined as nops in the case they are not * required. */ #define raw_spin_trylock(lock) __cond_lock(lock, _raw_spin_trylock(lock)) #define raw_spin_lock(lock) _raw_spin_lock(lock) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC # define raw_spin_lock_nested(lock, subclass) \ _raw_spin_lock_nested(lock, subclass) # define raw_spin_lock_nest_lock(lock, nest_lock) \ do { \ typecheck(struct lockdep_map *, &(nest_lock)->dep_map);\ _raw_spin_lock_nest_lock(lock, &(nest_lock)->dep_map); \ } while (0) #else /* * Always evaluate the 'subclass' argument to avoid that the compiler * warns about set-but-not-used variables when building with * CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=n and with W=1. */ # define raw_spin_lock_nested(lock, subclass) \ _raw_spin_lock(((void)(subclass), (lock))) # define raw_spin_lock_nest_lock(lock, nest_lock) _raw_spin_lock(lock) #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) #define raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ do { \ typecheck(unsigned long, flags); \ flags = _raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC #define raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(lock, flags, subclass) \ do { \ typecheck(unsigned long, flags); \ flags = _raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(lock, subclass); \ } while (0) #else #define raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(lock, flags, subclass) \ do { \ typecheck(unsigned long, flags); \ flags = _raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock); \ } while (0) #endif #else #define raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ do { \ typecheck(unsigned long, flags); \ _raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags); \ } while (0) #define raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(lock, flags, subclass) \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags) #endif #define raw_spin_lock_irq(lock) _raw_spin_lock_irq(lock) #define raw_spin_lock_bh(lock) _raw_spin_lock_bh(lock) #define raw_spin_unlock(lock) _raw_spin_unlock(lock) #define raw_spin_unlock_irq(lock) _raw_spin_unlock_irq(lock) #define raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags) \ do { \ typecheck(unsigned long, flags); \ _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); \ } while (0) #define raw_spin_unlock_bh(lock) _raw_spin_unlock_bh(lock) #define raw_spin_trylock_bh(lock) \ __cond_lock(lock, _raw_spin_trylock_bh(lock)) #define raw_spin_trylock_irq(lock) \ ({ \ local_irq_disable(); \ raw_spin_trylock(lock) ? \ 1 : ({ local_irq_enable(); 0; }); \ }) #define raw_spin_trylock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ ({ \ local_irq_save(flags); \ raw_spin_trylock(lock) ? \ 1 : ({ local_irq_restore(flags); 0; }); \ }) /* Include rwlock functions */ #include <linux/rwlock.h> /* * Pull the _spin_*()/_read_*()/_write_*() functions/declarations: */ #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK) # include <linux/spinlock_api_smp.h> #else # include <linux/spinlock_api_up.h> #endif /* * Map the spin_lock functions to the raw variants for PREEMPT_RT=n */ static __always_inline raw_spinlock_t *spinlock_check(spinlock_t *lock) { return &lock->rlock; } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK # define spin_lock_init(lock) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ __raw_spin_lock_init(spinlock_check(lock), \ #lock, &__key, LD_WAIT_CONFIG); \ } while (0) #else # define spin_lock_init(_lock) \ do { \ spinlock_check(_lock); \ *(_lock) = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(_lock); \ } while (0) #endif static __always_inline void spin_lock(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_lock(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline void spin_lock_bh(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_lock_bh(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline int spin_trylock(spinlock_t *lock) { return raw_spin_trylock(&lock->rlock); } #define spin_lock_nested(lock, subclass) \ do { \ raw_spin_lock_nested(spinlock_check(lock), subclass); \ } while (0) #define spin_lock_nest_lock(lock, nest_lock) \ do { \ raw_spin_lock_nest_lock(spinlock_check(lock), nest_lock); \ } while (0) static __always_inline void spin_lock_irq(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_lock_irq(&lock->rlock); } #define spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ do { \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(spinlock_check(lock), flags); \ } while (0) #define spin_lock_irqsave_nested(lock, flags, subclass) \ do { \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(spinlock_check(lock), flags, subclass); \ } while (0) static __always_inline void spin_unlock(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_unlock(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline void spin_unlock_bh(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_unlock_bh(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline void spin_unlock_irq(spinlock_t *lock) { raw_spin_unlock_irq(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline void spin_unlock_irqrestore(spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long flags) { raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lock->rlock, flags); } static __always_inline int spin_trylock_bh(spinlock_t *lock) { return raw_spin_trylock_bh(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline int spin_trylock_irq(spinlock_t *lock) { return raw_spin_trylock_irq(&lock->rlock); } #define spin_trylock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ ({ \ raw_spin_trylock_irqsave(spinlock_check(lock), flags); \ }) /** * spin_is_locked() - Check whether a spinlock is locked. * @lock: Pointer to the spinlock. * * This function is NOT required to provide any memory ordering * guarantees; it could be used for debugging purposes or, when * additional synchronization is needed, accompanied with other * constructs (memory barriers) enforcing the synchronization. * * Returns: 1 if @lock is locked, 0 otherwise. * * Note that the function only tells you that the spinlock is * seen to be locked, not that it is locked on your CPU. * * Further, on CONFIG_SMP=n builds with CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK=n, * the return value is always 0 (see include/linux/spinlock_up.h). * Therefore you should not rely heavily on the return value. */ static __always_inline int spin_is_locked(spinlock_t *lock) { return raw_spin_is_locked(&lock->rlock); } static __always_inline int spin_is_contended(spinlock_t *lock) { return raw_spin_is_contended(&lock->rlock); } #define assert_spin_locked(lock) assert_raw_spin_locked(&(lock)->rlock) /* * Pull the atomic_t declaration: * (asm-mips/atomic.h needs above definitions) */ #include <linux/atomic.h> /** * atomic_dec_and_lock - lock on reaching reference count zero * @atomic: the atomic counter * @lock: the spinlock in question * * Decrements @atomic by 1. If the result is 0, returns true and locks * @lock. Returns false for all other cases. */ extern int _atomic_dec_and_lock(atomic_t *atomic, spinlock_t *lock); #define atomic_dec_and_lock(atomic, lock) \ __cond_lock(lock, _atomic_dec_and_lock(atomic, lock)) extern int _atomic_dec_and_lock_irqsave(atomic_t *atomic, spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long *flags); #define atomic_dec_and_lock_irqsave(atomic, lock, flags) \ __cond_lock(lock, _atomic_dec_and_lock_irqsave(atomic, lock, &(flags))) int __alloc_bucket_spinlocks(spinlock_t **locks, unsigned int *lock_mask, size_t max_size, unsigned int cpu_mult, gfp_t gfp, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key); #define alloc_bucket_spinlocks(locks, lock_mask, max_size, cpu_mult, gfp) \ ({ \ static struct lock_class_key key; \ int ret; \ \ ret = __alloc_bucket_spinlocks(locks, lock_mask, max_size, \ cpu_mult, gfp, #locks, &key); \ ret; \ }) void free_bucket_spinlocks(spinlock_t *locks); #endif /* __LINUX_SPINLOCK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM libata #if !defined(_TRACE_LIBATA_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_LIBATA_H #include <linux/ata.h> #include <linux/libata.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/trace_seq.h> #define ata_opcode_name(opcode) { opcode, #opcode } #define show_opcode_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_DEV_RESET), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_CHK_POWER), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_STANDBY), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_IDLE), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_EDD), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_DOWNLOAD_MICRO), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_DOWNLOAD_MICRO_DMA), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_NOP), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_FLUSH), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_FLUSH_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_ID_ATA), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_ID_ATAPI), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_SERVICE), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_READ), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_READ_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_READ_QUEUED), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_READ_STREAM_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_READ_STREAM_DMA_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_WRITE), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_WRITE_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_WRITE_QUEUED), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_WRITE_STREAM_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_WRITE_STREAM_DMA_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_WRITE_FUA_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_WRITE_QUEUED_FUA_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_FPDMA_READ), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_FPDMA_WRITE), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_NCQ_NON_DATA), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_FPDMA_SEND), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_FPDMA_RECV), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_PIO_READ), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_PIO_READ_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_PIO_WRITE), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_PIO_WRITE_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_READ_MULTI), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_READ_MULTI_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI_FUA_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_SET_FEATURES), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_SET_MULTI), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_PACKET), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_VERIFY), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_VERIFY_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_WRITE_UNCORR_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_STANDBYNOW1), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_IDLEIMMEDIATE), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_SLEEP), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_INIT_DEV_PARAMS), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_READ_NATIVE_MAX), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_READ_NATIVE_MAX_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_SET_MAX), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_SET_MAX_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_READ_LOG_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_WRITE_LOG_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_READ_LOG_DMA_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_WRITE_LOG_DMA_EXT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_TRUSTED_NONDATA), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_TRUSTED_RCV), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_TRUSTED_RCV_DMA), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_TRUSTED_SND), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_TRUSTED_SND_DMA), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_PMP_READ), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_PMP_READ_DMA), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_PMP_WRITE), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_PMP_WRITE_DMA), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_CONF_OVERLAY), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_SEC_SET_PASS), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_SEC_UNLOCK), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_SEC_ERASE_PREP), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_SEC_ERASE_UNIT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_SEC_FREEZE_LOCK), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_SEC_DISABLE_PASS), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_CONFIG_STREAM), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_SMART), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_MEDIA_LOCK), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_MEDIA_UNLOCK), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_DSM), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_CHK_MED_CRD_TYP), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_CFA_REQ_EXT_ERR), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_CFA_WRITE_NE), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_CFA_TRANS_SECT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_CFA_ERASE), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_CFA_WRITE_MULT_NE), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_REQ_SENSE_DATA), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_SANITIZE_DEVICE), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_ZAC_MGMT_IN), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_ZAC_MGMT_OUT), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_RESTORE), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_READ_LONG), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_READ_LONG_ONCE), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_WRITE_LONG), \ ata_opcode_name(ATA_CMD_WRITE_LONG_ONCE)) #define ata_error_name(result) { result, #result } #define show_error_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ ata_error_name(ATA_ICRC), \ ata_error_name(ATA_UNC), \ ata_error_name(ATA_MC), \ ata_error_name(ATA_IDNF), \ ata_error_name(ATA_MCR), \ ata_error_name(ATA_ABORTED), \ ata_error_name(ATA_TRK0NF), \ ata_error_name(ATA_AMNF)) #define ata_protocol_name(proto) { proto, #proto } #define show_protocol_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, \ ata_protocol_name(ATA_PROT_UNKNOWN), \ ata_protocol_name(ATA_PROT_NODATA), \ ata_protocol_name(ATA_PROT_PIO), \ ata_protocol_name(ATA_PROT_DMA), \ ata_protocol_name(ATA_PROT_NCQ), \ ata_protocol_name(ATA_PROT_NCQ_NODATA), \ ata_protocol_name(ATAPI_PROT_NODATA), \ ata_protocol_name(ATAPI_PROT_PIO), \ ata_protocol_name(ATAPI_PROT_DMA)) const char *libata_trace_parse_status(struct trace_seq*, unsigned char); #define __parse_status(s) libata_trace_parse_status(p, s) const char *libata_trace_parse_eh_action(struct trace_seq *, unsigned int); #define __parse_eh_action(a) libata_trace_parse_eh_action(p, a) const char *libata_trace_parse_eh_err_mask(struct trace_seq *, unsigned int); #define __parse_eh_err_mask(m) libata_trace_parse_eh_err_mask(p, m) const char *libata_trace_parse_qc_flags(struct trace_seq *, unsigned int); #define __parse_qc_flags(f) libata_trace_parse_qc_flags(p, f) const char *libata_trace_parse_subcmd(struct trace_seq *, unsigned char, unsigned char, unsigned char); #define __parse_subcmd(c,f,h) libata_trace_parse_subcmd(p, c, f, h) TRACE_EVENT(ata_qc_issue, TP_PROTO(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc), TP_ARGS(qc), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, ata_port ) __field( unsigned int, ata_dev ) __field( unsigned int, tag ) __field( unsigned char, cmd ) __field( unsigned char, dev ) __field( unsigned char, lbal ) __field( unsigned char, lbam ) __field( unsigned char, lbah ) __field( unsigned char, nsect ) __field( unsigned char, feature ) __field( unsigned char, hob_lbal ) __field( unsigned char, hob_lbam ) __field( unsigned char, hob_lbah ) __field( unsigned char, hob_nsect ) __field( unsigned char, hob_feature ) __field( unsigned char, ctl ) __field( unsigned char, proto ) __field( unsigned long, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ata_port = qc->ap->print_id; __entry->ata_dev = qc->dev->link->pmp + qc->dev->devno; __entry->tag = qc->tag; __entry->proto = qc->tf.protocol; __entry->cmd = qc->tf.command; __entry->dev = qc->tf.device; __entry->lbal = qc->tf.lbal; __entry->lbam = qc->tf.lbam; __entry->lbah = qc->tf.lbah; __entry->hob_lbal = qc->tf.hob_lbal; __entry->hob_lbam = qc->tf.hob_lbam; __entry->hob_lbah = qc->tf.hob_lbah; __entry->feature = qc->tf.feature; __entry->hob_feature = qc->tf.hob_feature; __entry->nsect = qc->tf.nsect; __entry->hob_nsect = qc->tf.hob_nsect; ), TP_printk("ata_port=%u ata_dev=%u tag=%d proto=%s cmd=%s%s " \ " tf=(%02x/%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x/%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x/%02x)", __entry->ata_port, __entry->ata_dev, __entry->tag, show_protocol_name(__entry->proto), show_opcode_name(__entry->cmd), __parse_subcmd(__entry->cmd, __entry->feature, __entry->hob_nsect), __entry->cmd, __entry->feature, __entry->nsect, __entry->lbal, __entry->lbam, __entry->lbah, __entry->hob_feature, __entry->hob_nsect, __entry->hob_lbal, __entry->hob_lbam, __entry->hob_lbah, __entry->dev) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ata_qc_complete_template, TP_PROTO(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc), TP_ARGS(qc), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, ata_port ) __field( unsigned int, ata_dev ) __field( unsigned int, tag ) __field( unsigned char, status ) __field( unsigned char, dev ) __field( unsigned char, lbal ) __field( unsigned char, lbam ) __field( unsigned char, lbah ) __field( unsigned char, nsect ) __field( unsigned char, error ) __field( unsigned char, hob_lbal ) __field( unsigned char, hob_lbam ) __field( unsigned char, hob_lbah ) __field( unsigned char, hob_nsect ) __field( unsigned char, hob_feature ) __field( unsigned char, ctl ) __field( unsigned long, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ata_port = qc->ap->print_id; __entry->ata_dev = qc->dev->link->pmp + qc->dev->devno; __entry->tag = qc->tag; __entry->status = qc->result_tf.command; __entry->dev = qc->result_tf.device; __entry->lbal = qc->result_tf.lbal; __entry->lbam = qc->result_tf.lbam; __entry->lbah = qc->result_tf.lbah; __entry->hob_lbal = qc->result_tf.hob_lbal; __entry->hob_lbam = qc->result_tf.hob_lbam; __entry->hob_lbah = qc->result_tf.hob_lbah; __entry->error = qc->result_tf.feature; __entry->hob_feature = qc->result_tf.hob_feature; __entry->nsect = qc->result_tf.nsect; __entry->hob_nsect = qc->result_tf.hob_nsect; ), TP_printk("ata_port=%u ata_dev=%u tag=%d flags=%s status=%s " \ " res=(%02x/%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x/%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x/%02x)", __entry->ata_port, __entry->ata_dev, __entry->tag, __parse_qc_flags(__entry->flags), __parse_status(__entry->status), __entry->status, __entry->error, __entry->nsect, __entry->lbal, __entry->lbam, __entry->lbah, __entry->hob_feature, __entry->hob_nsect, __entry->hob_lbal, __entry->hob_lbam, __entry->hob_lbah, __entry->dev) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ata_qc_complete_template, ata_qc_complete_internal, TP_PROTO(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc), TP_ARGS(qc)); DEFINE_EVENT(ata_qc_complete_template, ata_qc_complete_failed, TP_PROTO(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc), TP_ARGS(qc)); DEFINE_EVENT(ata_qc_complete_template, ata_qc_complete_done, TP_PROTO(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc), TP_ARGS(qc)); TRACE_EVENT(ata_eh_link_autopsy, TP_PROTO(struct ata_device *dev, unsigned int eh_action, unsigned int eh_err_mask), TP_ARGS(dev, eh_action, eh_err_mask), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, ata_port ) __field( unsigned int, ata_dev ) __field( unsigned int, eh_action ) __field( unsigned int, eh_err_mask) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ata_port = dev->link->ap->print_id; __entry->ata_dev = dev->link->pmp + dev->devno; __entry->eh_action = eh_action; __entry->eh_err_mask = eh_err_mask; ), TP_printk("ata_port=%u ata_dev=%u eh_action=%s err_mask=%s", __entry->ata_port, __entry->ata_dev, __parse_eh_action(__entry->eh_action), __parse_eh_err_mask(__entry->eh_err_mask)) ); TRACE_EVENT(ata_eh_link_autopsy_qc, TP_PROTO(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc), TP_ARGS(qc), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, ata_port ) __field( unsigned int, ata_dev ) __field( unsigned int, tag ) __field( unsigned int, qc_flags ) __field( unsigned int, eh_err_mask) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ata_port = qc->ap->print_id; __entry->ata_dev = qc->dev->link->pmp + qc->dev->devno; __entry->tag = qc->tag; __entry->qc_flags = qc->flags; __entry->eh_err_mask = qc->err_mask; ), TP_printk("ata_port=%u ata_dev=%u tag=%d flags=%s err_mask=%s", __entry->ata_port, __entry->ata_dev, __entry->tag, __parse_qc_flags(__entry->qc_flags), __parse_eh_err_mask(__entry->eh_err_mask)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_LIBATA_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _INET_COMMON_H #define _INET_COMMON_H #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> extern const struct proto_ops inet_stream_ops; extern const struct proto_ops inet_dgram_ops; /* * INET4 prototypes used by INET6 */ struct msghdr; struct sock; struct sockaddr; struct socket; int inet_release(struct socket *sock); int inet_stream_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags); int __inet_stream_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags, int is_sendmsg); int inet_dgram_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags); int inet_accept(struct socket *sock, struct socket *newsock, int flags, bool kern); int inet_send_prepare(struct sock *sk); int inet_sendmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); ssize_t inet_sendpage(struct socket *sock, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); int inet_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size, int flags); int inet_shutdown(struct socket *sock, int how); int inet_listen(struct socket *sock, int backlog); void inet_sock_destruct(struct sock *sk); int inet_bind(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); /* Don't allocate port at this moment, defer to connect. */ #define BIND_FORCE_ADDRESS_NO_PORT (1 << 0) /* Grab and release socket lock. */ #define BIND_WITH_LOCK (1 << 1) /* Called from BPF program. */ #define BIND_FROM_BPF (1 << 2) int __inet_bind(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, u32 flags); int inet_getname(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int peer); int inet_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int inet_ctl_sock_create(struct sock **sk, unsigned short family, unsigned short type, unsigned char protocol, struct net *net); int inet_recv_error(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int *addr_len); struct sk_buff *inet_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb); int inet_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhoff); struct sk_buff *inet_gso_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features); static inline void inet_ctl_sock_destroy(struct sock *sk) { if (sk) sock_release(sk->sk_socket); } #define indirect_call_gro_receive(f2, f1, cb, head, skb) \ ({ \ unlikely(gro_recursion_inc_test(skb)) ? \ NAPI_GRO_CB(skb)->flush |= 1, NULL : \ INDIRECT_CALL_2(cb, f2, f1, head, skb); \ }) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Cryptographic API for algorithms (i.e., low-level API). * * Copyright (c) 2006 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_ALGAPI_H #define _CRYPTO_ALGAPI_H #include <linux/crypto.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> /* * Maximum values for blocksize and alignmask, used to allocate * static buffers that are big enough for any combination of * algs and architectures. Ciphers have a lower maximum size. */ #define MAX_ALGAPI_BLOCKSIZE 160 #define MAX_ALGAPI_ALIGNMASK 63 #define MAX_CIPHER_BLOCKSIZE 16 #define MAX_CIPHER_ALIGNMASK 15 struct crypto_aead; struct crypto_instance; struct module; struct rtattr; struct seq_file; struct sk_buff; struct crypto_type { unsigned int (*ctxsize)(struct crypto_alg *alg, u32 type, u32 mask); unsigned int (*extsize)(struct crypto_alg *alg); int (*init)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u32 type, u32 mask); int (*init_tfm)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm); void (*show)(struct seq_file *m, struct crypto_alg *alg); int (*report)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct crypto_alg *alg); void (*free)(struct crypto_instance *inst); unsigned int type; unsigned int maskclear; unsigned int maskset; unsigned int tfmsize; }; struct crypto_instance { struct crypto_alg alg; struct crypto_template *tmpl; union { /* Node in list of instances after registration. */ struct hlist_node list; /* List of attached spawns before registration. */ struct crypto_spawn *spawns; }; void *__ctx[] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; }; struct crypto_template { struct list_head list; struct hlist_head instances; struct module *module; int (*create)(struct crypto_template *tmpl, struct rtattr **tb); char name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME]; }; struct crypto_spawn { struct list_head list; struct crypto_alg *alg; union { /* Back pointer to instance after registration.*/ struct crypto_instance *inst; /* Spawn list pointer prior to registration. */ struct crypto_spawn *next; }; const struct crypto_type *frontend; u32 mask; bool dead; bool registered; }; struct crypto_queue { struct list_head list; struct list_head *backlog; unsigned int qlen; unsigned int max_qlen; }; struct scatter_walk { struct scatterlist *sg; unsigned int offset; }; void crypto_mod_put(struct crypto_alg *alg); int crypto_register_template(struct crypto_template *tmpl); int crypto_register_templates(struct crypto_template *tmpls, int count); void crypto_unregister_template(struct crypto_template *tmpl); void crypto_unregister_templates(struct crypto_template *tmpls, int count); struct crypto_template *crypto_lookup_template(const char *name); int crypto_register_instance(struct crypto_template *tmpl, struct crypto_instance *inst); void crypto_unregister_instance(struct crypto_instance *inst); int crypto_grab_spawn(struct crypto_spawn *spawn, struct crypto_instance *inst, const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); void crypto_drop_spawn(struct crypto_spawn *spawn); struct crypto_tfm *crypto_spawn_tfm(struct crypto_spawn *spawn, u32 type, u32 mask); void *crypto_spawn_tfm2(struct crypto_spawn *spawn); struct crypto_attr_type *crypto_get_attr_type(struct rtattr **tb); int crypto_check_attr_type(struct rtattr **tb, u32 type, u32 *mask_ret); const char *crypto_attr_alg_name(struct rtattr *rta); int crypto_attr_u32(struct rtattr *rta, u32 *num); int crypto_inst_setname(struct crypto_instance *inst, const char *name, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_init_queue(struct crypto_queue *queue, unsigned int max_qlen); int crypto_enqueue_request(struct crypto_queue *queue, struct crypto_async_request *request); void crypto_enqueue_request_head(struct crypto_queue *queue, struct crypto_async_request *request); struct crypto_async_request *crypto_dequeue_request(struct crypto_queue *queue); static inline unsigned int crypto_queue_len(struct crypto_queue *queue) { return queue->qlen; } void crypto_inc(u8 *a, unsigned int size); void __crypto_xor(u8 *dst, const u8 *src1, const u8 *src2, unsigned int size); static inline void crypto_xor(u8 *dst, const u8 *src, unsigned int size) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && __builtin_constant_p(size) && (size % sizeof(unsigned long)) == 0) { unsigned long *d = (unsigned long *)dst; unsigned long *s = (unsigned long *)src; while (size > 0) { *d++ ^= *s++; size -= sizeof(unsigned long); } } else { __crypto_xor(dst, dst, src, size); } } static inline void crypto_xor_cpy(u8 *dst, const u8 *src1, const u8 *src2, unsigned int size) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && __builtin_constant_p(size) && (size % sizeof(unsigned long)) == 0) { unsigned long *d = (unsigned long *)dst; unsigned long *s1 = (unsigned long *)src1; unsigned long *s2 = (unsigned long *)src2; while (size > 0) { *d++ = *s1++ ^ *s2++; size -= sizeof(unsigned long); } } else { __crypto_xor(dst, src1, src2, size); } } static inline void *crypto_tfm_ctx_aligned(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return PTR_ALIGN(crypto_tfm_ctx(tfm), crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(tfm) + 1); } static inline struct crypto_instance *crypto_tfm_alg_instance( struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return container_of(tfm->__crt_alg, struct crypto_instance, alg); } static inline void *crypto_instance_ctx(struct crypto_instance *inst) { return inst->__ctx; } struct crypto_cipher_spawn { struct crypto_spawn base; }; static inline int crypto_grab_cipher(struct crypto_cipher_spawn *spawn, struct crypto_instance *inst, const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask) { type &= ~CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; type |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER; mask |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; return crypto_grab_spawn(&spawn->base, inst, name, type, mask); } static inline void crypto_drop_cipher(struct crypto_cipher_spawn *spawn) { crypto_drop_spawn(&spawn->base); } static inline struct crypto_alg *crypto_spawn_cipher_alg( struct crypto_cipher_spawn *spawn) { return spawn->base.alg; } static inline struct crypto_cipher *crypto_spawn_cipher( struct crypto_cipher_spawn *spawn) { u32 type = CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER; u32 mask = CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; return __crypto_cipher_cast(crypto_spawn_tfm(&spawn->base, type, mask)); } static inline struct cipher_alg *crypto_cipher_alg(struct crypto_cipher *tfm) { return &crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm)->__crt_alg->cra_cipher; } static inline struct crypto_async_request *crypto_get_backlog( struct crypto_queue *queue) { return queue->backlog == &queue->list ? NULL : container_of(queue->backlog, struct crypto_async_request, list); } static inline u32 crypto_requires_off(struct crypto_attr_type *algt, u32 off) { return (algt->type ^ off) & algt->mask & off; } /* * When an algorithm uses another algorithm (e.g., if it's an instance of a * template), these are the flags that should always be set on the "outer" * algorithm if any "inner" algorithm has them set. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_INHERITED_FLAGS \ (CRYPTO_ALG_ASYNC | CRYPTO_ALG_NEED_FALLBACK | \ CRYPTO_ALG_ALLOCATES_MEMORY) /* * Given the type and mask that specify the flags restrictions on a template * instance being created, return the mask that should be passed to * crypto_grab_*() (along with type=0) to honor any request the user made to * have any of the CRYPTO_ALG_INHERITED_FLAGS clear. */ static inline u32 crypto_algt_inherited_mask(struct crypto_attr_type *algt) { return crypto_requires_off(algt, CRYPTO_ALG_INHERITED_FLAGS); } noinline unsigned long __crypto_memneq(const void *a, const void *b, size_t size); /** * crypto_memneq - Compare two areas of memory without leaking * timing information. * * @a: One area of memory * @b: Another area of memory * @size: The size of the area. * * Returns 0 when data is equal, 1 otherwise. */ static inline int crypto_memneq(const void *a, const void *b, size_t size) { return __crypto_memneq(a, b, size) != 0UL ? 1 : 0; } int crypto_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int crypto_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); /* Crypto notification events. */ enum { CRYPTO_MSG_ALG_REQUEST, CRYPTO_MSG_ALG_REGISTER, CRYPTO_MSG_ALG_LOADED, }; #endif /* _CRYPTO_ALGAPI_H */
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4019 4020 4021 4022 4023 4024 4025 4026 4027 4028 4029 4030 4031 4032 4033 4034 4035 4036 4037 4038 4039 4040 4041 4042 4043 4044 4045 4046 4047 4048 4049 4050 4051 4052 4053 4054 4055 4056 4057 4058 4059 4060 4061 4062 4063 4064 4065 4066 4067 4068 4069 4070 4071 4072 4073 4074 4075 4076 4077 4078 4079 4080 4081 4082 4083 4084 4085 4086 4087 4088 4089 4090 4091 4092 4093 4094 4095 4096 4097 4098 4099 4100 4101 4102 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 4108 4109 4110 4111 4112 4113 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119 4120 4121 4122 4123 4124 4125 4126 4127 4128 4129 4130 4131 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/namespace.c * * (C) Copyright Al Viro 2000, 2001 * * Based on code from fs/super.c, copyright Linus Torvalds and others. * Heavily rewritten. */ #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/mnt_namespace.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/init.h> /* init_rootfs */ #include <linux/fs_struct.h> /* get_fs_root et.al. */ #include <linux/fsnotify.h> /* fsnotify_vfsmount_delete */ #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <uapi/linux/mount.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> #include <linux/shmem_fs.h> #include "pnode.h" #include "internal.h" /* Maximum number of mounts in a mount namespace */ unsigned int sysctl_mount_max __read_mostly = 100000; static unsigned int m_hash_mask __read_mostly; static unsigned int m_hash_shift __read_mostly; static unsigned int mp_hash_mask __read_mostly; static unsigned int mp_hash_shift __read_mostly; static __initdata unsigned long mhash_entries; static int __init set_mhash_entries(char *str) { if (!str) return 0; mhash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0); return 1; } __setup("mhash_entries=", set_mhash_entries); static __initdata unsigned long mphash_entries; static int __init set_mphash_entries(char *str) { if (!str) return 0; mphash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0); return 1; } __setup("mphash_entries=", set_mphash_entries); static u64 event; static DEFINE_IDA(mnt_id_ida); static DEFINE_IDA(mnt_group_ida); static struct hlist_head *mount_hashtable __read_mostly; static struct hlist_head *mountpoint_hashtable __read_mostly; static struct kmem_cache *mnt_cache __read_mostly; static DECLARE_RWSEM(namespace_sem); static HLIST_HEAD(unmounted); /* protected by namespace_sem */ static LIST_HEAD(ex_mountpoints); /* protected by namespace_sem */ /* /sys/fs */ struct kobject *fs_kobj; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fs_kobj); /* * vfsmount lock may be taken for read to prevent changes to the * vfsmount hash, ie. during mountpoint lookups or walking back * up the tree. * * It should be taken for write in all cases where the vfsmount * tree or hash is modified or when a vfsmount structure is modified. */ __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SEQLOCK(mount_lock); static inline struct hlist_head *m_hash(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { unsigned long tmp = ((unsigned long)mnt / L1_CACHE_BYTES); tmp += ((unsigned long)dentry / L1_CACHE_BYTES); tmp = tmp + (tmp >> m_hash_shift); return &mount_hashtable[tmp & m_hash_mask]; } static inline struct hlist_head *mp_hash(struct dentry *dentry) { unsigned long tmp = ((unsigned long)dentry / L1_CACHE_BYTES); tmp = tmp + (tmp >> mp_hash_shift); return &mountpoint_hashtable[tmp & mp_hash_mask]; } static int mnt_alloc_id(struct mount *mnt) { int res = ida_alloc(&mnt_id_ida, GFP_KERNEL); if (res < 0) return res; mnt->mnt_id = res; return 0; } static void mnt_free_id(struct mount *mnt) { ida_free(&mnt_id_ida, mnt->mnt_id); } /* * Allocate a new peer group ID */ static int mnt_alloc_group_id(struct mount *mnt) { int res = ida_alloc_min(&mnt_group_ida, 1, GFP_KERNEL); if (res < 0) return res; mnt->mnt_group_id = res; return 0; } /* * Release a peer group ID */ void mnt_release_group_id(struct mount *mnt) { ida_free(&mnt_group_ida, mnt->mnt_group_id); mnt->mnt_group_id = 0; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for read */ static inline void mnt_add_count(struct mount *mnt, int n) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP this_cpu_add(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_count, n); #else preempt_disable(); mnt->mnt_count += n; preempt_enable(); #endif } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ int mnt_get_count(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int count = 0; int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { count += per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_pcp, cpu)->mnt_count; } return count; #else return mnt->mnt_count; #endif } static struct mount *alloc_vfsmnt(const char *name) { struct mount *mnt = kmem_cache_zalloc(mnt_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (mnt) { int err; err = mnt_alloc_id(mnt); if (err) goto out_free_cache; if (name) { mnt->mnt_devname = kstrdup_const(name, GFP_KERNEL); if (!mnt->mnt_devname) goto out_free_id; } #ifdef CONFIG_SMP mnt->mnt_pcp = alloc_percpu(struct mnt_pcp); if (!mnt->mnt_pcp) goto out_free_devname; this_cpu_add(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_count, 1); #else mnt->mnt_count = 1; mnt->mnt_writers = 0; #endif INIT_HLIST_NODE(&mnt->mnt_hash); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_child); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_mounts); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_expire); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_share); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_slave_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_slave); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&mnt->mnt_mp_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_umounting); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_stuck_children); } return mnt; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP out_free_devname: kfree_const(mnt->mnt_devname); #endif out_free_id: mnt_free_id(mnt); out_free_cache: kmem_cache_free(mnt_cache, mnt); return NULL; } /* * Most r/o checks on a fs are for operations that take * discrete amounts of time, like a write() or unlink(). * We must keep track of when those operations start * (for permission checks) and when they end, so that * we can determine when writes are able to occur to * a filesystem. */ /* * __mnt_is_readonly: check whether a mount is read-only * @mnt: the mount to check for its write status * * This shouldn't be used directly ouside of the VFS. * It does not guarantee that the filesystem will stay * r/w, just that it is right *now*. This can not and * should not be used in place of IS_RDONLY(inode). * mnt_want/drop_write() will _keep_ the filesystem * r/w. */ bool __mnt_is_readonly(struct vfsmount *mnt) { return (mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY) || sb_rdonly(mnt->mnt_sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mnt_is_readonly); static inline void mnt_inc_writers(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP this_cpu_inc(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_writers); #else mnt->mnt_writers++; #endif } static inline void mnt_dec_writers(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP this_cpu_dec(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_writers); #else mnt->mnt_writers--; #endif } static unsigned int mnt_get_writers(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP unsigned int count = 0; int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { count += per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_pcp, cpu)->mnt_writers; } return count; #else return mnt->mnt_writers; #endif } static int mnt_is_readonly(struct vfsmount *mnt) { if (mnt->mnt_sb->s_readonly_remount) return 1; /* Order wrt setting s_flags/s_readonly_remount in do_remount() */ smp_rmb(); return __mnt_is_readonly(mnt); } /* * Most r/o & frozen checks on a fs are for operations that take discrete * amounts of time, like a write() or unlink(). We must keep track of when * those operations start (for permission checks) and when they end, so that we * can determine when writes are able to occur to a filesystem. */ /** * __mnt_want_write - get write access to a mount without freeze protection * @m: the mount on which to take a write * * This tells the low-level filesystem that a write is about to be performed to * it, and makes sure that writes are allowed (mnt it read-write) before * returning success. This operation does not protect against filesystem being * frozen. When the write operation is finished, __mnt_drop_write() must be * called. This is effectively a refcount. */ int __mnt_want_write(struct vfsmount *m) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m); int ret = 0; preempt_disable(); mnt_inc_writers(mnt); /* * The store to mnt_inc_writers must be visible before we pass * MNT_WRITE_HOLD loop below, so that the slowpath can see our * incremented count after it has set MNT_WRITE_HOLD. */ smp_mb(); while (READ_ONCE(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags) & MNT_WRITE_HOLD) cpu_relax(); /* * After the slowpath clears MNT_WRITE_HOLD, mnt_is_readonly will * be set to match its requirements. So we must not load that until * MNT_WRITE_HOLD is cleared. */ smp_rmb(); if (mnt_is_readonly(m)) { mnt_dec_writers(mnt); ret = -EROFS; } preempt_enable(); return ret; } /** * mnt_want_write - get write access to a mount * @m: the mount on which to take a write * * This tells the low-level filesystem that a write is about to be performed to * it, and makes sure that writes are allowed (mount is read-write, filesystem * is not frozen) before returning success. When the write operation is * finished, mnt_drop_write() must be called. This is effectively a refcount. */ int mnt_want_write(struct vfsmount *m) { int ret; sb_start_write(m->mnt_sb); ret = __mnt_want_write(m); if (ret) sb_end_write(m->mnt_sb); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_want_write); /** * mnt_clone_write - get write access to a mount * @mnt: the mount on which to take a write * * This is effectively like mnt_want_write, except * it must only be used to take an extra write reference * on a mountpoint that we already know has a write reference * on it. This allows some optimisation. * * After finished, mnt_drop_write must be called as usual to * drop the reference. */ int mnt_clone_write(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* superblock may be r/o */ if (__mnt_is_readonly(mnt)) return -EROFS; preempt_disable(); mnt_inc_writers(real_mount(mnt)); preempt_enable(); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_clone_write); /** * __mnt_want_write_file - get write access to a file's mount * @file: the file who's mount on which to take a write * * This is like __mnt_want_write, but it takes a file and can * do some optimisations if the file is open for write already */ int __mnt_want_write_file(struct file *file) { if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITER)) return __mnt_want_write(file->f_path.mnt); else return mnt_clone_write(file->f_path.mnt); } /** * mnt_want_write_file - get write access to a file's mount * @file: the file who's mount on which to take a write * * This is like mnt_want_write, but it takes a file and can * do some optimisations if the file is open for write already */ int mnt_want_write_file(struct file *file) { int ret; sb_start_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); ret = __mnt_want_write_file(file); if (ret) sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_want_write_file); /** * __mnt_drop_write - give up write access to a mount * @mnt: the mount on which to give up write access * * Tells the low-level filesystem that we are done * performing writes to it. Must be matched with * __mnt_want_write() call above. */ void __mnt_drop_write(struct vfsmount *mnt) { preempt_disable(); mnt_dec_writers(real_mount(mnt)); preempt_enable(); } /** * mnt_drop_write - give up write access to a mount * @mnt: the mount on which to give up write access * * Tells the low-level filesystem that we are done performing writes to it and * also allows filesystem to be frozen again. Must be matched with * mnt_want_write() call above. */ void mnt_drop_write(struct vfsmount *mnt) { __mnt_drop_write(mnt); sb_end_write(mnt->mnt_sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_drop_write); void __mnt_drop_write_file(struct file *file) { __mnt_drop_write(file->f_path.mnt); } void mnt_drop_write_file(struct file *file) { __mnt_drop_write_file(file); sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mnt_drop_write_file); static int mnt_make_readonly(struct mount *mnt) { int ret = 0; lock_mount_hash(); mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_WRITE_HOLD; /* * After storing MNT_WRITE_HOLD, we'll read the counters. This store * should be visible before we do. */ smp_mb(); /* * With writers on hold, if this value is zero, then there are * definitely no active writers (although held writers may subsequently * increment the count, they'll have to wait, and decrement it after * seeing MNT_READONLY). * * It is OK to have counter incremented on one CPU and decremented on * another: the sum will add up correctly. The danger would be when we * sum up each counter, if we read a counter before it is incremented, * but then read another CPU's count which it has been subsequently * decremented from -- we would see more decrements than we should. * MNT_WRITE_HOLD protects against this scenario, because * mnt_want_write first increments count, then smp_mb, then spins on * MNT_WRITE_HOLD, so it can't be decremented by another CPU while * we're counting up here. */ if (mnt_get_writers(mnt) > 0) ret = -EBUSY; else mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY; /* * MNT_READONLY must become visible before ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD, so writers * that become unheld will see MNT_READONLY. */ smp_wmb(); mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD; unlock_mount_hash(); return ret; } static int __mnt_unmake_readonly(struct mount *mnt) { lock_mount_hash(); mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_READONLY; unlock_mount_hash(); return 0; } int sb_prepare_remount_readonly(struct super_block *sb) { struct mount *mnt; int err = 0; /* Racy optimization. Recheck the counter under MNT_WRITE_HOLD */ if (atomic_long_read(&sb->s_remove_count)) return -EBUSY; lock_mount_hash(); list_for_each_entry(mnt, &sb->s_mounts, mnt_instance) { if (!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY)) { mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_WRITE_HOLD; smp_mb(); if (mnt_get_writers(mnt) > 0) { err = -EBUSY; break; } } } if (!err && atomic_long_read(&sb->s_remove_count)) err = -EBUSY; if (!err) { sb->s_readonly_remount = 1; smp_wmb(); } list_for_each_entry(mnt, &sb->s_mounts, mnt_instance) { if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_WRITE_HOLD) mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD; } unlock_mount_hash(); return err; } static void free_vfsmnt(struct mount *mnt) { kfree_const(mnt->mnt_devname); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP free_percpu(mnt->mnt_pcp); #endif kmem_cache_free(mnt_cache, mnt); } static void delayed_free_vfsmnt(struct rcu_head *head) { free_vfsmnt(container_of(head, struct mount, mnt_rcu)); } /* call under rcu_read_lock */ int __legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *bastard, unsigned seq) { struct mount *mnt; if (read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq)) return 1; if (bastard == NULL) return 0; mnt = real_mount(bastard); mnt_add_count(mnt, 1); smp_mb(); // see mntput_no_expire() if (likely(!read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq))) return 0; if (bastard->mnt_flags & MNT_SYNC_UMOUNT) { mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); return 1; } lock_mount_hash(); if (unlikely(bastard->mnt_flags & MNT_DOOMED)) { mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); unlock_mount_hash(); return 1; } unlock_mount_hash(); /* caller will mntput() */ return -1; } /* call under rcu_read_lock */ bool legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *bastard, unsigned seq) { int res = __legitimize_mnt(bastard, seq); if (likely(!res)) return true; if (unlikely(res < 0)) { rcu_read_unlock(); mntput(bastard); rcu_read_lock(); } return false; } /* * find the first mount at @dentry on vfsmount @mnt. * call under rcu_read_lock() */ struct mount *__lookup_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_head *head = m_hash(mnt, dentry); struct mount *p; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, mnt_hash) if (&p->mnt_parent->mnt == mnt && p->mnt_mountpoint == dentry) return p; return NULL; } /* * lookup_mnt - Return the first child mount mounted at path * * "First" means first mounted chronologically. If you create the * following mounts: * * mount /dev/sda1 /mnt * mount /dev/sda2 /mnt * mount /dev/sda3 /mnt * * Then lookup_mnt() on the base /mnt dentry in the root mount will * return successively the root dentry and vfsmount of /dev/sda1, then * /dev/sda2, then /dev/sda3, then NULL. * * lookup_mnt takes a reference to the found vfsmount. */ struct vfsmount *lookup_mnt(const struct path *path) { struct mount *child_mnt; struct vfsmount *m; unsigned seq; rcu_read_lock(); do { seq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock); child_mnt = __lookup_mnt(path->mnt, path->dentry); m = child_mnt ? &child_mnt->mnt : NULL; } while (!legitimize_mnt(m, seq)); rcu_read_unlock(); return m; } static inline void lock_ns_list(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { spin_lock(&ns->ns_lock); } static inline void unlock_ns_list(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { spin_unlock(&ns->ns_lock); } static inline bool mnt_is_cursor(struct mount *mnt) { return mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_CURSOR; } /* * __is_local_mountpoint - Test to see if dentry is a mountpoint in the * current mount namespace. * * The common case is dentries are not mountpoints at all and that * test is handled inline. For the slow case when we are actually * dealing with a mountpoint of some kind, walk through all of the * mounts in the current mount namespace and test to see if the dentry * is a mountpoint. * * The mount_hashtable is not usable in the context because we * need to identify all mounts that may be in the current mount * namespace not just a mount that happens to have some specified * parent mount. */ bool __is_local_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { struct mnt_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns; struct mount *mnt; bool is_covered = false; down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_ns_list(ns); list_for_each_entry(mnt, &ns->list, mnt_list) { if (mnt_is_cursor(mnt)) continue; is_covered = (mnt->mnt_mountpoint == dentry); if (is_covered) break; } unlock_ns_list(ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); return is_covered; } static struct mountpoint *lookup_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_head *chain = mp_hash(dentry); struct mountpoint *mp; hlist_for_each_entry(mp, chain, m_hash) { if (mp->m_dentry == dentry) { mp->m_count++; return mp; } } return NULL; } static struct mountpoint *get_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { struct mountpoint *mp, *new = NULL; int ret; if (d_mountpoint(dentry)) { /* might be worth a WARN_ON() */ if (d_unlinked(dentry)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); mountpoint: read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); mp = lookup_mountpoint(dentry); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); if (mp) goto done; } if (!new) new = kmalloc(sizeof(struct mountpoint), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* Exactly one processes may set d_mounted */ ret = d_set_mounted(dentry); /* Someone else set d_mounted? */ if (ret == -EBUSY) goto mountpoint; /* The dentry is not available as a mountpoint? */ mp = ERR_PTR(ret); if (ret) goto done; /* Add the new mountpoint to the hash table */ read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); new->m_dentry = dget(dentry); new->m_count = 1; hlist_add_head(&new->m_hash, mp_hash(dentry)); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&new->m_list); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); mp = new; new = NULL; done: kfree(new); return mp; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held. Additionally, the caller is responsible * for serializing calls for given disposal list. */ static void __put_mountpoint(struct mountpoint *mp, struct list_head *list) { if (!--mp->m_count) { struct dentry *dentry = mp->m_dentry; BUG_ON(!hlist_empty(&mp->m_list)); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_MOUNTED; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); dput_to_list(dentry, list); hlist_del(&mp->m_hash); kfree(mp); } } /* called with namespace_lock and vfsmount lock */ static void put_mountpoint(struct mountpoint *mp) { __put_mountpoint(mp, &ex_mountpoints); } static inline int check_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { return mnt->mnt_ns == current->nsproxy->mnt_ns; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void touch_mnt_namespace(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (ns) { ns->event = ++event; wake_up_interruptible(&ns->poll); } } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void __touch_mnt_namespace(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (ns && ns->event != event) { ns->event = event; wake_up_interruptible(&ns->poll); } } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static struct mountpoint *unhash_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { struct mountpoint *mp; mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root; list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_child); hlist_del_init_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash); hlist_del_init(&mnt->mnt_mp_list); mp = mnt->mnt_mp; mnt->mnt_mp = NULL; return mp; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void umount_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { put_mountpoint(unhash_mnt(mnt)); } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ void mnt_set_mountpoint(struct mount *mnt, struct mountpoint *mp, struct mount *child_mnt) { mp->m_count++; mnt_add_count(mnt, 1); /* essentially, that's mntget */ child_mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mp->m_dentry; child_mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; child_mnt->mnt_mp = mp; hlist_add_head(&child_mnt->mnt_mp_list, &mp->m_list); } static void __attach_mnt(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *parent) { hlist_add_head_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash, m_hash(&parent->mnt, mnt->mnt_mountpoint)); list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_child, &parent->mnt_mounts); } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void attach_mnt(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *parent, struct mountpoint *mp) { mnt_set_mountpoint(parent, mp, mnt); __attach_mnt(mnt, parent); } void mnt_change_mountpoint(struct mount *parent, struct mountpoint *mp, struct mount *mnt) { struct mountpoint *old_mp = mnt->mnt_mp; struct mount *old_parent = mnt->mnt_parent; list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_child); hlist_del_init(&mnt->mnt_mp_list); hlist_del_init_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash); attach_mnt(mnt, parent, mp); put_mountpoint(old_mp); mnt_add_count(old_parent, -1); } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void commit_tree(struct mount *mnt) { struct mount *parent = mnt->mnt_parent; struct mount *m; LIST_HEAD(head); struct mnt_namespace *n = parent->mnt_ns; BUG_ON(parent == mnt); list_add_tail(&head, &mnt->mnt_list); list_for_each_entry(m, &head, mnt_list) m->mnt_ns = n; list_splice(&head, n->list.prev); n->mounts += n->pending_mounts; n->pending_mounts = 0; __attach_mnt(mnt, parent); touch_mnt_namespace(n); } static struct mount *next_mnt(struct mount *p, struct mount *root) { struct list_head *next = p->mnt_mounts.next; if (next == &p->mnt_mounts) { while (1) { if (p == root) return NULL; next = p->mnt_child.next; if (next != &p->mnt_parent->mnt_mounts) break; p = p->mnt_parent; } } return list_entry(next, struct mount, mnt_child); } static struct mount *skip_mnt_tree(struct mount *p) { struct list_head *prev = p->mnt_mounts.prev; while (prev != &p->mnt_mounts) { p = list_entry(prev, struct mount, mnt_child); prev = p->mnt_mounts.prev; } return p; } /** * vfs_create_mount - Create a mount for a configured superblock * @fc: The configuration context with the superblock attached * * Create a mount to an already configured superblock. If necessary, the * caller should invoke vfs_get_tree() before calling this. * * Note that this does not attach the mount to anything. */ struct vfsmount *vfs_create_mount(struct fs_context *fc) { struct mount *mnt; if (!fc->root) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); mnt = alloc_vfsmnt(fc->source ?: "none"); if (!mnt) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (fc->sb_flags & SB_KERNMOUNT) mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = MNT_INTERNAL; atomic_inc(&fc->root->d_sb->s_active); mnt->mnt.mnt_sb = fc->root->d_sb; mnt->mnt.mnt_root = dget(fc->root); mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root; mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; lock_mount_hash(); list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_instance, &mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_mounts); unlock_mount_hash(); return &mnt->mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_create_mount); struct vfsmount *fc_mount(struct fs_context *fc) { int err = vfs_get_tree(fc); if (!err) { up_write(&fc->root->d_sb->s_umount); return vfs_create_mount(fc); } return ERR_PTR(err); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fc_mount); struct vfsmount *vfs_kern_mount(struct file_system_type *type, int flags, const char *name, void *data) { struct fs_context *fc; struct vfsmount *mnt; int ret = 0; if (!type) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); fc = fs_context_for_mount(type, flags); if (IS_ERR(fc)) return ERR_CAST(fc); if (name) ret = vfs_parse_fs_string(fc, "source", name, strlen(name)); if (!ret) ret = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, data); if (!ret) mnt = fc_mount(fc); else mnt = ERR_PTR(ret); put_fs_context(fc); return mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_kern_mount); struct vfsmount * vfs_submount(const struct dentry *mountpoint, struct file_system_type *type, const char *name, void *data) { /* Until it is worked out how to pass the user namespace * through from the parent mount to the submount don't support * unprivileged mounts with submounts. */ if (mountpoint->d_sb->s_user_ns != &init_user_ns) return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); return vfs_kern_mount(type, SB_SUBMOUNT, name, data); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_submount); static struct mount *clone_mnt(struct mount *old, struct dentry *root, int flag) { struct super_block *sb = old->mnt.mnt_sb; struct mount *mnt; int err; mnt = alloc_vfsmnt(old->mnt_devname); if (!mnt) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (flag & (CL_SLAVE | CL_PRIVATE | CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE)) mnt->mnt_group_id = 0; /* not a peer of original */ else mnt->mnt_group_id = old->mnt_group_id; if ((flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) && !mnt->mnt_group_id) { err = mnt_alloc_group_id(mnt); if (err) goto out_free; } mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = old->mnt.mnt_flags; mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~(MNT_WRITE_HOLD|MNT_MARKED|MNT_INTERNAL); atomic_inc(&sb->s_active); mnt->mnt.mnt_sb = sb; mnt->mnt.mnt_root = dget(root); mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root; mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; lock_mount_hash(); list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_instance, &sb->s_mounts); unlock_mount_hash(); if ((flag & CL_SLAVE) || ((flag & CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE) && IS_MNT_SHARED(old))) { list_add(&mnt->mnt_slave, &old->mnt_slave_list); mnt->mnt_master = old; CLEAR_MNT_SHARED(mnt); } else if (!(flag & CL_PRIVATE)) { if ((flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) || IS_MNT_SHARED(old)) list_add(&mnt->mnt_share, &old->mnt_share); if (IS_MNT_SLAVE(old)) list_add(&mnt->mnt_slave, &old->mnt_slave); mnt->mnt_master = old->mnt_master; } else { CLEAR_MNT_SHARED(mnt); } if (flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) set_mnt_shared(mnt); /* stick the duplicate mount on the same expiry list * as the original if that was on one */ if (flag & CL_EXPIRE) { if (!list_empty(&old->mnt_expire)) list_add(&mnt->mnt_expire, &old->mnt_expire); } return mnt; out_free: mnt_free_id(mnt); free_vfsmnt(mnt); return ERR_PTR(err); } static void cleanup_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { struct hlist_node *p; struct mount *m; /* * The warning here probably indicates that somebody messed * up a mnt_want/drop_write() pair. If this happens, the * filesystem was probably unable to make r/w->r/o transitions. * The locking used to deal with mnt_count decrement provides barriers, * so mnt_get_writers() below is safe. */ WARN_ON(mnt_get_writers(mnt)); if (unlikely(mnt->mnt_pins.first)) mnt_pin_kill(mnt); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(m, p, &mnt->mnt_stuck_children, mnt_umount) { hlist_del(&m->mnt_umount); mntput(&m->mnt); } fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(&mnt->mnt); dput(mnt->mnt.mnt_root); deactivate_super(mnt->mnt.mnt_sb); mnt_free_id(mnt); call_rcu(&mnt->mnt_rcu, delayed_free_vfsmnt); } static void __cleanup_mnt(struct rcu_head *head) { cleanup_mnt(container_of(head, struct mount, mnt_rcu)); } static LLIST_HEAD(delayed_mntput_list); static void delayed_mntput(struct work_struct *unused) { struct llist_node *node = llist_del_all(&delayed_mntput_list); struct mount *m, *t; llist_for_each_entry_safe(m, t, node, mnt_llist) cleanup_mnt(m); } static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(delayed_mntput_work, delayed_mntput); static void mntput_no_expire(struct mount *mnt) { LIST_HEAD(list); int count; rcu_read_lock(); if (likely(READ_ONCE(mnt->mnt_ns))) { /* * Since we don't do lock_mount_hash() here, * ->mnt_ns can change under us. However, if it's * non-NULL, then there's a reference that won't * be dropped until after an RCU delay done after * turning ->mnt_ns NULL. So if we observe it * non-NULL under rcu_read_lock(), the reference * we are dropping is not the final one. */ mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); rcu_read_unlock(); return; } lock_mount_hash(); /* * make sure that if __legitimize_mnt() has not seen us grab * mount_lock, we'll see their refcount increment here. */ smp_mb(); mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); count = mnt_get_count(mnt); if (count != 0) { WARN_ON(count < 0); rcu_read_unlock(); unlock_mount_hash(); return; } if (unlikely(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_DOOMED)) { rcu_read_unlock(); unlock_mount_hash(); return; } mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_DOOMED; rcu_read_unlock(); list_del(&mnt->mnt_instance); if (unlikely(!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_mounts))) { struct mount *p, *tmp; list_for_each_entry_safe(p, tmp, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { __put_mountpoint(unhash_mnt(p), &list); hlist_add_head(&p->mnt_umount, &mnt->mnt_stuck_children); } } unlock_mount_hash(); shrink_dentry_list(&list); if (likely(!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_INTERNAL))) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))) { init_task_work(&mnt->mnt_rcu, __cleanup_mnt); if (!task_work_add(task, &mnt->mnt_rcu, TWA_RESUME)) return; } if (llist_add(&mnt->mnt_llist, &delayed_mntput_list)) schedule_delayed_work(&delayed_mntput_work, 1); return; } cleanup_mnt(mnt); } void mntput(struct vfsmount *mnt) { if (mnt) { struct mount *m = real_mount(mnt); /* avoid cacheline pingpong, hope gcc doesn't get "smart" */ if (unlikely(m->mnt_expiry_mark)) m->mnt_expiry_mark = 0; mntput_no_expire(m); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntput); struct vfsmount *mntget(struct vfsmount *mnt) { if (mnt) mnt_add_count(real_mount(mnt), 1); return mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntget); /* path_is_mountpoint() - Check if path is a mount in the current * namespace. * * d_mountpoint() can only be used reliably to establish if a dentry is * not mounted in any namespace and that common case is handled inline. * d_mountpoint() isn't aware of the possibility there may be multiple * mounts using a given dentry in a different namespace. This function * checks if the passed in path is a mountpoint rather than the dentry * alone. */ bool path_is_mountpoint(const struct path *path) { unsigned seq; bool res; if (!d_mountpoint(path->dentry)) return false; rcu_read_lock(); do { seq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock); res = __path_is_mountpoint(path); } while (read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq)); rcu_read_unlock(); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_is_mountpoint); struct vfsmount *mnt_clone_internal(const struct path *path) { struct mount *p; p = clone_mnt(real_mount(path->mnt), path->dentry, CL_PRIVATE); if (IS_ERR(p)) return ERR_CAST(p); p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_INTERNAL; return &p->mnt; } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS static struct mount *mnt_list_next(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct list_head *p) { struct mount *mnt, *ret = NULL; lock_ns_list(ns); list_for_each_continue(p, &ns->list) { mnt = list_entry(p, typeof(*mnt), mnt_list); if (!mnt_is_cursor(mnt)) { ret = mnt; break; } } unlock_ns_list(ns); return ret; } /* iterator; we want it to have access to namespace_sem, thus here... */ static void *m_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct list_head *prev; down_read(&namespace_sem); if (!*pos) { prev = &p->ns->list; } else { prev = &p->cursor.mnt_list; /* Read after we'd reached the end? */ if (list_empty(prev)) return NULL; } return mnt_list_next(p->ns, prev); } static void *m_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct mount *mnt = v; ++*pos; return mnt_list_next(p->ns, &mnt->mnt_list); } static void m_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct mount *mnt = v; lock_ns_list(p->ns); if (mnt) list_move_tail(&p->cursor.mnt_list, &mnt->mnt_list); else list_del_init(&p->cursor.mnt_list); unlock_ns_list(p->ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); } static int m_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct mount *r = v; return p->show(m, &r->mnt); } const struct seq_operations mounts_op = { .start = m_start, .next = m_next, .stop = m_stop, .show = m_show, }; void mnt_cursor_del(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *cursor) { down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_ns_list(ns); list_del(&cursor->mnt_list); unlock_ns_list(ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ /** * may_umount_tree - check if a mount tree is busy * @mnt: root of mount tree * * This is called to check if a tree of mounts has any * open files, pwds, chroots or sub mounts that are * busy. */ int may_umount_tree(struct vfsmount *m) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m); int actual_refs = 0; int minimum_refs = 0; struct mount *p; BUG_ON(!m); /* write lock needed for mnt_get_count */ lock_mount_hash(); for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { actual_refs += mnt_get_count(p); minimum_refs += 2; } unlock_mount_hash(); if (actual_refs > minimum_refs) return 0; return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(may_umount_tree); /** * may_umount - check if a mount point is busy * @mnt: root of mount * * This is called to check if a mount point has any * open files, pwds, chroots or sub mounts. If the * mount has sub mounts this will return busy * regardless of whether the sub mounts are busy. * * Doesn't take quota and stuff into account. IOW, in some cases it will * give false negatives. The main reason why it's here is that we need * a non-destructive way to look for easily umountable filesystems. */ int may_umount(struct vfsmount *mnt) { int ret = 1; down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_mount_hash(); if (propagate_mount_busy(real_mount(mnt), 2)) ret = 0; unlock_mount_hash(); up_read(&namespace_sem); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(may_umount); static void namespace_unlock(void) { struct hlist_head head; struct hlist_node *p; struct mount *m; LIST_HEAD(list); hlist_move_list(&unmounted, &head); list_splice_init(&ex_mountpoints, &list); up_write(&namespace_sem); shrink_dentry_list(&list); if (likely(hlist_empty(&head))) return; synchronize_rcu_expedited(); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(m, p, &head, mnt_umount) { hlist_del(&m->mnt_umount); mntput(&m->mnt); } } static inline void namespace_lock(void) { down_write(&namespace_sem); } enum umount_tree_flags { UMOUNT_SYNC = 1, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE = 2, UMOUNT_CONNECTED = 4, }; static bool disconnect_mount(struct mount *mnt, enum umount_tree_flags how) { /* Leaving mounts connected is only valid for lazy umounts */ if (how & UMOUNT_SYNC) return true; /* A mount without a parent has nothing to be connected to */ if (!mnt_has_parent(mnt)) return true; /* Because the reference counting rules change when mounts are * unmounted and connected, umounted mounts may not be * connected to mounted mounts. */ if (!(mnt->mnt_parent->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UMOUNT)) return true; /* Has it been requested that the mount remain connected? */ if (how & UMOUNT_CONNECTED) return false; /* Is the mount locked such that it needs to remain connected? */ if (IS_MNT_LOCKED(mnt)) return false; /* By default disconnect the mount */ return true; } /* * mount_lock must be held * namespace_sem must be held for write */ static void umount_tree(struct mount *mnt, enum umount_tree_flags how) { LIST_HEAD(tmp_list); struct mount *p; if (how & UMOUNT_PROPAGATE) propagate_mount_unlock(mnt); /* Gather the mounts to umount */ for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_UMOUNT; list_move(&p->mnt_list, &tmp_list); } /* Hide the mounts from mnt_mounts */ list_for_each_entry(p, &tmp_list, mnt_list) { list_del_init(&p->mnt_child); } /* Add propogated mounts to the tmp_list */ if (how & UMOUNT_PROPAGATE) propagate_umount(&tmp_list); while (!list_empty(&tmp_list)) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; bool disconnect; p = list_first_entry(&tmp_list, struct mount, mnt_list); list_del_init(&p->mnt_expire); list_del_init(&p->mnt_list); ns = p->mnt_ns; if (ns) { ns->mounts--; __touch_mnt_namespace(ns); } p->mnt_ns = NULL; if (how & UMOUNT_SYNC) p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_SYNC_UMOUNT; disconnect = disconnect_mount(p, how); if (mnt_has_parent(p)) { mnt_add_count(p->mnt_parent, -1); if (!disconnect) { /* Don't forget about p */ list_add_tail(&p->mnt_child, &p->mnt_parent->mnt_mounts); } else { umount_mnt(p); } } change_mnt_propagation(p, MS_PRIVATE); if (disconnect) hlist_add_head(&p->mnt_umount, &unmounted); } } static void shrink_submounts(struct mount *mnt); static int do_umount_root(struct super_block *sb) { int ret = 0; down_write(&sb->s_umount); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) { struct fs_context *fc; fc = fs_context_for_reconfigure(sb->s_root, SB_RDONLY, SB_RDONLY); if (IS_ERR(fc)) { ret = PTR_ERR(fc); } else { ret = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, NULL); if (!ret) ret = reconfigure_super(fc); put_fs_context(fc); } } up_write(&sb->s_umount); return ret; } static int do_umount(struct mount *mnt, int flags) { struct super_block *sb = mnt->mnt.mnt_sb; int retval; retval = security_sb_umount(&mnt->mnt, flags); if (retval) return retval; /* * Allow userspace to request a mountpoint be expired rather than * unmounting unconditionally. Unmount only happens if: * (1) the mark is already set (the mark is cleared by mntput()) * (2) the usage count == 1 [parent vfsmount] + 1 [sys_umount] */ if (flags & MNT_EXPIRE) { if (&mnt->mnt == current->fs->root.mnt || flags & (MNT_FORCE | MNT_DETACH)) return -EINVAL; /* * probably don't strictly need the lock here if we examined * all race cases, but it's a slowpath. */ lock_mount_hash(); if (mnt_get_count(mnt) != 2) { unlock_mount_hash(); return -EBUSY; } unlock_mount_hash(); if (!xchg(&mnt->mnt_expiry_mark, 1)) return -EAGAIN; } /* * If we may have to abort operations to get out of this * mount, and they will themselves hold resources we must * allow the fs to do things. In the Unix tradition of * 'Gee thats tricky lets do it in userspace' the umount_begin * might fail to complete on the first run through as other tasks * must return, and the like. Thats for the mount program to worry * about for the moment. */ if (flags & MNT_FORCE && sb->s_op->umount_begin) { sb->s_op->umount_begin(sb); } /* * No sense to grab the lock for this test, but test itself looks * somewhat bogus. Suggestions for better replacement? * Ho-hum... In principle, we might treat that as umount + switch * to rootfs. GC would eventually take care of the old vfsmount. * Actually it makes sense, especially if rootfs would contain a * /reboot - static binary that would close all descriptors and * call reboot(9). Then init(8) could umount root and exec /reboot. */ if (&mnt->mnt == current->fs->root.mnt && !(flags & MNT_DETACH)) { /* * Special case for "unmounting" root ... * we just try to remount it readonly. */ if (!ns_capable(sb->s_user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; return do_umount_root(sb); } namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); /* Recheck MNT_LOCKED with the locks held */ retval = -EINVAL; if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) goto out; event++; if (flags & MNT_DETACH) { if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_list)) umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE); retval = 0; } else { shrink_submounts(mnt); retval = -EBUSY; if (!propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 2)) { if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_list)) umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC); retval = 0; } } out: unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); return retval; } /* * __detach_mounts - lazily unmount all mounts on the specified dentry * * During unlink, rmdir, and d_drop it is possible to loose the path * to an existing mountpoint, and wind up leaking the mount. * detach_mounts allows lazily unmounting those mounts instead of * leaking them. * * The caller may hold dentry->d_inode->i_mutex. */ void __detach_mounts(struct dentry *dentry) { struct mountpoint *mp; struct mount *mnt; namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); mp = lookup_mountpoint(dentry); if (!mp) goto out_unlock; event++; while (!hlist_empty(&mp->m_list)) { mnt = hlist_entry(mp->m_list.first, struct mount, mnt_mp_list); if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UMOUNT) { umount_mnt(mnt); hlist_add_head(&mnt->mnt_umount, &unmounted); } else umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_CONNECTED); } put_mountpoint(mp); out_unlock: unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); } /* * Is the caller allowed to modify his namespace? */ static inline bool may_mount(void) { return ns_capable(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN); } #ifdef CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING static bool may_mandlock(void) { pr_warn_once("======================================================\n" "WARNING: the mand mount option is being deprecated and\n" " will be removed in v5.15!\n" "======================================================\n"); return capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN); } #else static inline bool may_mandlock(void) { pr_warn("VFS: \"mand\" mount option not supported"); return false; } #endif static int can_umount(const struct path *path, int flags) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root) return -EINVAL; if (!check_mnt(mnt)) return -EINVAL; if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) /* Check optimistically */ return -EINVAL; if (flags & MNT_FORCE && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; return 0; } // caller is responsible for flags being sane int path_umount(struct path *path, int flags) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); int ret; ret = can_umount(path, flags); if (!ret) ret = do_umount(mnt, flags); /* we mustn't call path_put() as that would clear mnt_expiry_mark */ dput(path->dentry); mntput_no_expire(mnt); return ret; } static int ksys_umount(char __user *name, int flags) { int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_MOUNTPOINT; struct path path; int ret; // basic validity checks done first if (flags & ~(MNT_FORCE | MNT_DETACH | MNT_EXPIRE | UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW)) return -EINVAL; if (!(flags & UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW)) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; ret = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, name, lookup_flags, &path); if (ret) return ret; return path_umount(&path, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(umount, char __user *, name, int, flags) { return ksys_umount(name, flags); } #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_OLDUMOUNT /* * The 2.0 compatible umount. No flags. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(oldumount, char __user *, name) { return ksys_umount(name, 0); } #endif static bool is_mnt_ns_file(struct dentry *dentry) { /* Is this a proxy for a mount namespace? */ return dentry->d_op == &ns_dentry_operations && dentry->d_fsdata == &mntns_operations; } static struct mnt_namespace *to_mnt_ns(struct ns_common *ns) { return container_of(ns, struct mnt_namespace, ns); } struct ns_common *from_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *mnt) { return &mnt->ns; } static bool mnt_ns_loop(struct dentry *dentry) { /* Could bind mounting the mount namespace inode cause a * mount namespace loop? */ struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns; if (!is_mnt_ns_file(dentry)) return false; mnt_ns = to_mnt_ns(get_proc_ns(dentry->d_inode)); return current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->seq >= mnt_ns->seq; } struct mount *copy_tree(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry, int flag) { struct mount *res, *p, *q, *r, *parent; if (!(flag & CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE) && IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(mnt)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (!(flag & CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE) && is_mnt_ns_file(dentry)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); res = q = clone_mnt(mnt, dentry, flag); if (IS_ERR(q)) return q; q->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt_mountpoint; p = mnt; list_for_each_entry(r, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { struct mount *s; if (!is_subdir(r->mnt_mountpoint, dentry)) continue; for (s = r; s; s = next_mnt(s, r)) { if (!(flag & CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE) && IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(s)) { if (s->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) { /* Both unbindable and locked. */ q = ERR_PTR(-EPERM); goto out; } else { s = skip_mnt_tree(s); continue; } } if (!(flag & CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE) && is_mnt_ns_file(s->mnt.mnt_root)) { s = skip_mnt_tree(s); continue; } while (p != s->mnt_parent) { p = p->mnt_parent; q = q->mnt_parent; } p = s; parent = q; q = clone_mnt(p, p->mnt.mnt_root, flag); if (IS_ERR(q)) goto out; lock_mount_hash(); list_add_tail(&q->mnt_list, &res->mnt_list); attach_mnt(q, parent, p->mnt_mp); unlock_mount_hash(); } } return res; out: if (res) { lock_mount_hash(); umount_tree(res, UMOUNT_SYNC); unlock_mount_hash(); } return q; } /* Caller should check returned pointer for errors */ struct vfsmount *collect_mounts(const struct path *path) { struct mount *tree; namespace_lock(); if (!check_mnt(real_mount(path->mnt))) tree = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); else tree = copy_tree(real_mount(path->mnt), path->dentry, CL_COPY_ALL | CL_PRIVATE); namespace_unlock(); if (IS_ERR(tree)) return ERR_CAST(tree); return &tree->mnt; } static void free_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *); static struct mnt_namespace *alloc_mnt_ns(struct user_namespace *, bool); void dissolve_on_fput(struct vfsmount *mnt) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); ns = real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns; if (ns) { if (is_anon_ns(ns)) umount_tree(real_mount(mnt), UMOUNT_CONNECTED); else ns = NULL; } unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); if (ns) free_mnt_ns(ns); } void drop_collected_mounts(struct vfsmount *mnt) { namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); umount_tree(real_mount(mnt), 0); unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); } static bool has_locked_children(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { struct mount *child; list_for_each_entry(child, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { if (!is_subdir(child->mnt_mountpoint, dentry)) continue; if (child->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) return true; } return false; } /** * clone_private_mount - create a private clone of a path * * This creates a new vfsmount, which will be the clone of @path. The new will * not be attached anywhere in the namespace and will be private (i.e. changes * to the originating mount won't be propagated into this). * * Release with mntput(). */ struct vfsmount *clone_private_mount(const struct path *path) { struct mount *old_mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); struct mount *new_mnt; down_read(&namespace_sem); if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(old_mnt)) goto invalid; if (!check_mnt(old_mnt)) goto invalid; if (has_locked_children(old_mnt, path->dentry)) goto invalid; new_mnt = clone_mnt(old_mnt, path->dentry, CL_PRIVATE); up_read(&namespace_sem); if (IS_ERR(new_mnt)) return ERR_CAST(new_mnt); /* Longterm mount to be removed by kern_unmount*() */ new_mnt->mnt_ns = MNT_NS_INTERNAL; return &new_mnt->mnt; invalid: up_read(&namespace_sem); return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clone_private_mount); int iterate_mounts(int (*f)(struct vfsmount *, void *), void *arg, struct vfsmount *root) { struct mount *mnt; int res = f(root, arg); if (res) return res; list_for_each_entry(mnt, &real_mount(root)->mnt_list, mnt_list) { res = f(&mnt->mnt, arg); if (res) return res; } return 0; } static void lock_mnt_tree(struct mount *mnt) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { int flags = p->mnt.mnt_flags; /* Don't allow unprivileged users to change mount flags */ flags |= MNT_LOCK_ATIME; if (flags & MNT_READONLY) flags |= MNT_LOCK_READONLY; if (flags & MNT_NODEV) flags |= MNT_LOCK_NODEV; if (flags & MNT_NOSUID) flags |= MNT_LOCK_NOSUID; if (flags & MNT_NOEXEC) flags |= MNT_LOCK_NOEXEC; /* Don't allow unprivileged users to reveal what is under a mount */ if (list_empty(&p->mnt_expire)) flags |= MNT_LOCKED; p->mnt.mnt_flags = flags; } } static void cleanup_group_ids(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *end) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p != end; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { if (p->mnt_group_id && !IS_MNT_SHARED(p)) mnt_release_group_id(p); } } static int invent_group_ids(struct mount *mnt, bool recurse) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = recurse ? next_mnt(p, mnt) : NULL) { if (!p->mnt_group_id && !IS_MNT_SHARED(p)) { int err = mnt_alloc_group_id(p); if (err) { cleanup_group_ids(mnt, p); return err; } } } return 0; } int count_mounts(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *mnt) { unsigned int max = READ_ONCE(sysctl_mount_max); unsigned int mounts = 0, old, pending, sum; struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) mounts++; old = ns->mounts; pending = ns->pending_mounts; sum = old + pending; if ((old > sum) || (pending > sum) || (max < sum) || (mounts > (max - sum))) return -ENOSPC; ns->pending_mounts = pending + mounts; return 0; } /* * @source_mnt : mount tree to be attached * @nd : place the mount tree @source_mnt is attached * @parent_nd : if non-null, detach the source_mnt from its parent and * store the parent mount and mountpoint dentry. * (done when source_mnt is moved) * * NOTE: in the table below explains the semantics when a source mount * of a given type is attached to a destination mount of a given type. * --------------------------------------------------------------------------- * | BIND MOUNT OPERATION | * |************************************************************************** * | source-->| shared | private | slave | unbindable | * | dest | | | | | * | | | | | | | * | v | | | | | * |************************************************************************** * | shared | shared (++) | shared (+) | shared(+++)| invalid | * | | | | | | * |non-shared| shared (+) | private | slave (*) | invalid | * *************************************************************************** * A bind operation clones the source mount and mounts the clone on the * destination mount. * * (++) the cloned mount is propagated to all the mounts in the propagation * tree of the destination mount and the cloned mount is added to * the peer group of the source mount. * (+) the cloned mount is created under the destination mount and is marked * as shared. The cloned mount is added to the peer group of the source * mount. * (+++) the mount is propagated to all the mounts in the propagation tree * of the destination mount and the cloned mount is made slave * of the same master as that of the source mount. The cloned mount * is marked as 'shared and slave'. * (*) the cloned mount is made a slave of the same master as that of the * source mount. * * --------------------------------------------------------------------------- * | MOVE MOUNT OPERATION | * |************************************************************************** * | source-->| shared | private | slave | unbindable | * | dest | | | | | * | | | | | | | * | v | | | | | * |************************************************************************** * | shared | shared (+) | shared (+) | shared(+++) | invalid | * | | | | | | * |non-shared| shared (+*) | private | slave (*) | unbindable | * *************************************************************************** * * (+) the mount is moved to the destination. And is then propagated to * all the mounts in the propagation tree of the destination mount. * (+*) the mount is moved to the destination. * (+++) the mount is moved to the destination and is then propagated to * all the mounts belonging to the destination mount's propagation tree. * the mount is marked as 'shared and slave'. * (*) the mount continues to be a slave at the new location. * * if the source mount is a tree, the operations explained above is * applied to each mount in the tree. * Must be called without spinlocks held, since this function can sleep * in allocations. */ static int attach_recursive_mnt(struct mount *source_mnt, struct mount *dest_mnt, struct mountpoint *dest_mp, bool moving) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns; HLIST_HEAD(tree_list); struct mnt_namespace *ns = dest_mnt->mnt_ns; struct mountpoint *smp; struct mount *child, *p; struct hlist_node *n; int err; /* Preallocate a mountpoint in case the new mounts need * to be tucked under other mounts. */ smp = get_mountpoint(source_mnt->mnt.mnt_root); if (IS_ERR(smp)) return PTR_ERR(smp); /* Is there space to add these mounts to the mount namespace? */ if (!moving) { err = count_mounts(ns, source_mnt); if (err) goto out; } if (IS_MNT_SHARED(dest_mnt)) { err = invent_group_ids(source_mnt, true); if (err) goto out; err = propagate_mnt(dest_mnt, dest_mp, source_mnt, &tree_list); lock_mount_hash(); if (err) goto out_cleanup_ids; for (p = source_mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, source_mnt)) set_mnt_shared(p); } else { lock_mount_hash(); } if (moving) { unhash_mnt(source_mnt); attach_mnt(source_mnt, dest_mnt, dest_mp); touch_mnt_namespace(source_mnt->mnt_ns); } else { if (source_mnt->mnt_ns) { /* move from anon - the caller will destroy */ list_del_init(&source_mnt->mnt_ns->list); } mnt_set_mountpoint(dest_mnt, dest_mp, source_mnt); commit_tree(source_mnt); } hlist_for_each_entry_safe(child, n, &tree_list, mnt_hash) { struct mount *q; hlist_del_init(&child->mnt_hash); q = __lookup_mnt(&child->mnt_parent->mnt, child->mnt_mountpoint); if (q) mnt_change_mountpoint(child, smp, q); /* Notice when we are propagating across user namespaces */ if (child->mnt_parent->mnt_ns->user_ns != user_ns) lock_mnt_tree(child); child->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED; commit_tree(child); } put_mountpoint(smp); unlock_mount_hash(); return 0; out_cleanup_ids: while (!hlist_empty(&tree_list)) { child = hlist_entry(tree_list.first, struct mount, mnt_hash); child->mnt_parent->mnt_ns->pending_mounts = 0; umount_tree(child, UMOUNT_SYNC); } unlock_mount_hash(); cleanup_group_ids(source_mnt, NULL); out: ns->pending_mounts = 0; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); put_mountpoint(smp); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return err; } static struct mountpoint *lock_mount(struct path *path) { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; retry: inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); if (unlikely(cant_mount(dentry))) { inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } namespace_lock(); mnt = lookup_mnt(path); if (likely(!mnt)) { struct mountpoint *mp = get_mountpoint(dentry); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); return mp; } return mp; } namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); path_put(path); path->mnt = mnt; dentry = path->dentry = dget(mnt->mnt_root); goto retry; } static void unlock_mount(struct mountpoint *where) { struct dentry *dentry = where->m_dentry; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); put_mountpoint(where); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); } static int graft_tree(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *p, struct mountpoint *mp) { if (mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_flags & SB_NOUSER) return -EINVAL; if (d_is_dir(mp->m_dentry) != d_is_dir(mnt->mnt.mnt_root)) return -ENOTDIR; return attach_recursive_mnt(mnt, p, mp, false); } /* * Sanity check the flags to change_mnt_propagation. */ static int flags_to_propagation_type(int ms_flags) { int type = ms_flags & ~(MS_REC | MS_SILENT); /* Fail if any non-propagation flags are set */ if (type & ~(MS_SHARED | MS_PRIVATE | MS_SLAVE | MS_UNBINDABLE)) return 0; /* Only one propagation flag should be set */ if (!is_power_of_2(type)) return 0; return type; } /* * recursively change the type of the mountpoint. */ static int do_change_type(struct path *path, int ms_flags) { struct mount *m; struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); int recurse = ms_flags & MS_REC; int type; int err = 0; if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root) return -EINVAL; type = flags_to_propagation_type(ms_flags); if (!type) return -EINVAL; namespace_lock(); if (type == MS_SHARED) { err = invent_group_ids(mnt, recurse); if (err) goto out_unlock; } lock_mount_hash(); for (m = mnt; m; m = (recurse ? next_mnt(m, mnt) : NULL)) change_mnt_propagation(m, type); unlock_mount_hash(); out_unlock: namespace_unlock(); return err; } static struct mount *__do_loopback(struct path *old_path, int recurse) { struct mount *mnt = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL), *old = real_mount(old_path->mnt); if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(old)) return mnt; if (!check_mnt(old) && old_path->dentry->d_op != &ns_dentry_operations) return mnt; if (!recurse && has_locked_children(old, old_path->dentry)) return mnt; if (recurse) mnt = copy_tree(old, old_path->dentry, CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE); else mnt = clone_mnt(old, old_path->dentry, 0); if (!IS_ERR(mnt)) mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED; return mnt; } /* * do loopback mount. */ static int do_loopback(struct path *path, const char *old_name, int recurse) { struct path old_path; struct mount *mnt = NULL, *parent; struct mountpoint *mp; int err; if (!old_name || !*old_name) return -EINVAL; err = kern_path(old_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT, &old_path); if (err) return err; err = -EINVAL; if (mnt_ns_loop(old_path.dentry)) goto out; mp = lock_mount(path); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { err = PTR_ERR(mp); goto out; } parent = real_mount(path->mnt); if (!check_mnt(parent)) goto out2; mnt = __do_loopback(&old_path, recurse); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) { err = PTR_ERR(mnt); goto out2; } err = graft_tree(mnt, parent, mp); if (err) { lock_mount_hash(); umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_SYNC); unlock_mount_hash(); } out2: unlock_mount(mp); out: path_put(&old_path); return err; } static struct file *open_detached_copy(struct path *path, bool recursive) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns; struct mnt_namespace *ns = alloc_mnt_ns(user_ns, true); struct mount *mnt, *p; struct file *file; if (IS_ERR(ns)) return ERR_CAST(ns); namespace_lock(); mnt = __do_loopback(path, recursive); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) { namespace_unlock(); free_mnt_ns(ns); return ERR_CAST(mnt); } lock_mount_hash(); for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { p->mnt_ns = ns; ns->mounts++; } ns->root = mnt; list_add_tail(&ns->list, &mnt->mnt_list); mntget(&mnt->mnt); unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = &mnt->mnt; file = dentry_open(path, O_PATH, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) dissolve_on_fput(path->mnt); else file->f_mode |= FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT; return file; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(open_tree, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, unsigned, flags) { struct file *file; struct path path; int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT | LOOKUP_FOLLOW; bool detached = flags & OPEN_TREE_CLONE; int error; int fd; BUILD_BUG_ON(OPEN_TREE_CLOEXEC != O_CLOEXEC); if (flags & ~(AT_EMPTY_PATH | AT_NO_AUTOMOUNT | AT_RECURSIVE | AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | OPEN_TREE_CLONE | OPEN_TREE_CLOEXEC)) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & (AT_RECURSIVE | OPEN_TREE_CLONE)) == AT_RECURSIVE) return -EINVAL; if (flags & AT_NO_AUTOMOUNT) lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT; if (flags & AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW) lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; if (detached && !may_mount()) return -EPERM; fd = get_unused_fd_flags(flags & O_CLOEXEC); if (fd < 0) return fd; error = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (unlikely(error)) { file = ERR_PTR(error); } else { if (detached) file = open_detached_copy(&path, flags & AT_RECURSIVE); else file = dentry_open(&path, O_PATH, current_cred()); path_put(&path); } if (IS_ERR(file)) { put_unused_fd(fd); return PTR_ERR(file); } fd_install(fd, file); return fd; } /* * Don't allow locked mount flags to be cleared. * * No locks need to be held here while testing the various MNT_LOCK * flags because those flags can never be cleared once they are set. */ static bool can_change_locked_flags(struct mount *mnt, unsigned int mnt_flags) { unsigned int fl = mnt->mnt.mnt_flags; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_READONLY) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_NODEV) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_NODEV)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_NOSUID) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_NOSUID)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_NOEXEC) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_NOEXEC)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_ATIME) && ((fl & MNT_ATIME_MASK) != (mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK))) return false; return true; } static int change_mount_ro_state(struct mount *mnt, unsigned int mnt_flags) { bool readonly_request = (mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY); if (readonly_request == __mnt_is_readonly(&mnt->mnt)) return 0; if (readonly_request) return mnt_make_readonly(mnt); return __mnt_unmake_readonly(mnt); } /* * Update the user-settable attributes on a mount. The caller must hold * sb->s_umount for writing. */ static void set_mount_attributes(struct mount *mnt, unsigned int mnt_flags) { lock_mount_hash(); mnt_flags |= mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & ~MNT_USER_SETTABLE_MASK; mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = mnt_flags; touch_mnt_namespace(mnt->mnt_ns); unlock_mount_hash(); } static void mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(struct path *mountpoint, struct vfsmount *mnt) { struct super_block *sb = mnt->mnt_sb; if (!__mnt_is_readonly(mnt) && (ktime_get_real_seconds() + TIME_UPTIME_SEC_MAX > sb->s_time_max)) { char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL); char *mntpath = buf ? d_path(mountpoint, buf, PAGE_SIZE) : ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); struct tm tm; time64_to_tm(sb->s_time_max, 0, &tm); pr_warn("%s filesystem being %s at %s supports timestamps until %04ld (0x%llx)\n", sb->s_type->name, is_mounted(mnt) ? "remounted" : "mounted", mntpath, tm.tm_year+1900, (unsigned long long)sb->s_time_max); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } /* * Handle reconfiguration of the mountpoint only without alteration of the * superblock it refers to. This is triggered by specifying MS_REMOUNT|MS_BIND * to mount(2). */ static int do_reconfigure_mnt(struct path *path, unsigned int mnt_flags) { struct super_block *sb = path->mnt->mnt_sb; struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); int ret; if (!check_mnt(mnt)) return -EINVAL; if (path->dentry != mnt->mnt.mnt_root) return -EINVAL; if (!can_change_locked_flags(mnt, mnt_flags)) return -EPERM; down_write(&sb->s_umount); ret = change_mount_ro_state(mnt, mnt_flags); if (ret == 0) set_mount_attributes(mnt, mnt_flags); up_write(&sb->s_umount); mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(path, &mnt->mnt); return ret; } /* * change filesystem flags. dir should be a physical root of filesystem. * If you've mounted a non-root directory somewhere and want to do remount * on it - tough luck. */ static int do_remount(struct path *path, int ms_flags, int sb_flags, int mnt_flags, void *data) { int err; struct super_block *sb = path->mnt->mnt_sb; struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); struct fs_context *fc; if (!check_mnt(mnt)) return -EINVAL; if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root) return -EINVAL; if (!can_change_locked_flags(mnt, mnt_flags)) return -EPERM; fc = fs_context_for_reconfigure(path->dentry, sb_flags, MS_RMT_MASK); if (IS_ERR(fc)) return PTR_ERR(fc); fc->oldapi = true; err = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, data); if (!err) { down_write(&sb->s_umount); err = -EPERM; if (ns_capable(sb->s_user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { err = reconfigure_super(fc); if (!err) set_mount_attributes(mnt, mnt_flags); } up_write(&sb->s_umount); } mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(path, &mnt->mnt); put_fs_context(fc); return err; } static inline int tree_contains_unbindable(struct mount *mnt) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(p)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Check that there aren't references to earlier/same mount namespaces in the * specified subtree. Such references can act as pins for mount namespaces * that aren't checked by the mount-cycle checking code, thereby allowing * cycles to be made. */ static bool check_for_nsfs_mounts(struct mount *subtree) { struct mount *p; bool ret = false; lock_mount_hash(); for (p = subtree; p; p = next_mnt(p, subtree)) if (mnt_ns_loop(p->mnt.mnt_root)) goto out; ret = true; out: unlock_mount_hash(); return ret; } static int do_move_mount(struct path *old_path, struct path *new_path) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct mount *p; struct mount *old; struct mount *parent; struct mountpoint *mp, *old_mp; int err; bool attached; mp = lock_mount(new_path); if (IS_ERR(mp)) return PTR_ERR(mp); old = real_mount(old_path->mnt); p = real_mount(new_path->mnt); parent = old->mnt_parent; attached = mnt_has_parent(old); old_mp = old->mnt_mp; ns = old->mnt_ns; err = -EINVAL; /* The mountpoint must be in our namespace. */ if (!check_mnt(p)) goto out; /* The thing moved must be mounted... */ if (!is_mounted(&old->mnt)) goto out; /* ... and either ours or the root of anon namespace */ if (!(attached ? check_mnt(old) : is_anon_ns(ns))) goto out; if (old->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) goto out; if (old_path->dentry != old_path->mnt->mnt_root) goto out; if (d_is_dir(new_path->dentry) != d_is_dir(old_path->dentry)) goto out; /* * Don't move a mount residing in a shared parent. */ if (attached && IS_MNT_SHARED(parent)) goto out; /* * Don't move a mount tree containing unbindable mounts to a destination * mount which is shared. */ if (IS_MNT_SHARED(p) && tree_contains_unbindable(old)) goto out; err = -ELOOP; if (!check_for_nsfs_mounts(old)) goto out; for (; mnt_has_parent(p); p = p->mnt_parent) if (p == old) goto out; err = attach_recursive_mnt(old, real_mount(new_path->mnt), mp, attached); if (err) goto out; /* if the mount is moved, it should no longer be expire * automatically */ list_del_init(&old->mnt_expire); if (attached) put_mountpoint(old_mp); out: unlock_mount(mp); if (!err) { if (attached) mntput_no_expire(parent); else free_mnt_ns(ns); } return err; } static int do_move_mount_old(struct path *path, const char *old_name) { struct path old_path; int err; if (!old_name || !*old_name) return -EINVAL; err = kern_path(old_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &old_path); if (err) return err; err = do_move_mount(&old_path, path); path_put(&old_path); return err; } /* * add a mount into a namespace's mount tree */ static int do_add_mount(struct mount *newmnt, struct mountpoint *mp, struct path *path, int mnt_flags) { struct mount *parent = real_mount(path->mnt); mnt_flags &= ~MNT_INTERNAL_FLAGS; if (unlikely(!check_mnt(parent))) { /* that's acceptable only for automounts done in private ns */ if (!(mnt_flags & MNT_SHRINKABLE)) return -EINVAL; /* ... and for those we'd better have mountpoint still alive */ if (!parent->mnt_ns) return -EINVAL; } /* Refuse the same filesystem on the same mount point */ if (path->mnt->mnt_sb == newmnt->mnt.mnt_sb && path->mnt->mnt_root == path->dentry) return -EBUSY; if (d_is_symlink(newmnt->mnt.mnt_root)) return -EINVAL; newmnt->mnt.mnt_flags = mnt_flags; return graft_tree(newmnt, parent, mp); } static bool mount_too_revealing(const struct super_block *sb, int *new_mnt_flags); /* * Create a new mount using a superblock configuration and request it * be added to the namespace tree. */ static int do_new_mount_fc(struct fs_context *fc, struct path *mountpoint, unsigned int mnt_flags) { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct mountpoint *mp; struct super_block *sb = fc->root->d_sb; int error; error = security_sb_kern_mount(sb); if (!error && mount_too_revealing(sb, &mnt_flags)) error = -EPERM; if (unlikely(error)) { fc_drop_locked(fc); return error; } up_write(&sb->s_umount); mnt = vfs_create_mount(fc); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) return PTR_ERR(mnt); mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(mountpoint, mnt); mp = lock_mount(mountpoint); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { mntput(mnt); return PTR_ERR(mp); } error = do_add_mount(real_mount(mnt), mp, mountpoint, mnt_flags); unlock_mount(mp); if (error < 0) mntput(mnt); return error; } /* * create a new mount for userspace and request it to be added into the * namespace's tree */ static int do_new_mount(struct path *path, const char *fstype, int sb_flags, int mnt_flags, const char *name, void *data) { struct file_system_type *type; struct fs_context *fc; const char *subtype = NULL; int err = 0; if (!fstype) return -EINVAL; type = get_fs_type(fstype); if (!type) return -ENODEV; if (type->fs_flags & FS_HAS_SUBTYPE) { subtype = strchr(fstype, '.'); if (subtype) { subtype++; if (!*subtype) { put_filesystem(type); return -EINVAL; } } } fc = fs_context_for_mount(type, sb_flags); put_filesystem(type); if (IS_ERR(fc)) return PTR_ERR(fc); if (subtype) err = vfs_parse_fs_string(fc, "subtype", subtype, strlen(subtype)); if (!err && name) err = vfs_parse_fs_string(fc, "source", name, strlen(name)); if (!err) err = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, data); if (!err && !mount_capable(fc)) err = -EPERM; if (!err) err = vfs_get_tree(fc); if (!err) err = do_new_mount_fc(fc, path, mnt_flags); put_fs_context(fc); return err; } int finish_automount(struct vfsmount *m, struct path *path) { struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; struct mountpoint *mp; struct mount *mnt; int err; if (!m) return 0; if (IS_ERR(m)) return PTR_ERR(m); mnt = real_mount(m); /* The new mount record should have at least 2 refs to prevent it being * expired before we get a chance to add it */ BUG_ON(mnt_get_count(mnt) < 2); if (m->mnt_sb == path->mnt->mnt_sb && m->mnt_root == dentry) { err = -ELOOP; goto discard; } /* * we don't want to use lock_mount() - in this case finding something * that overmounts our mountpoint to be means "quitely drop what we've * got", not "try to mount it on top". */ inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); namespace_lock(); if (unlikely(cant_mount(dentry))) { err = -ENOENT; goto discard_locked; } rcu_read_lock(); if (unlikely(__lookup_mnt(path->mnt, dentry))) { rcu_read_unlock(); err = 0; goto discard_locked; } rcu_read_unlock(); mp = get_mountpoint(dentry); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { err = PTR_ERR(mp); goto discard_locked; } err = do_add_mount(mnt, mp, path, path->mnt->mnt_flags | MNT_SHRINKABLE); unlock_mount(mp); if (unlikely(err)) goto discard; mntput(m); return 0; discard_locked: namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); discard: /* remove m from any expiration list it may be on */ if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_expire)) { namespace_lock(); list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_expire); namespace_unlock(); } mntput(m); mntput(m); return err; } /** * mnt_set_expiry - Put a mount on an expiration list * @mnt: The mount to list. * @expiry_list: The list to add the mount to. */ void mnt_set_expiry(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct list_head *expiry_list) { namespace_lock(); list_add_tail(&real_mount(mnt)->mnt_expire, expiry_list); namespace_unlock(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mnt_set_expiry); /* * process a list of expirable mountpoints with the intent of discarding any * mountpoints that aren't in use and haven't been touched since last we came * here */ void mark_mounts_for_expiry(struct list_head *mounts) { struct mount *mnt, *next; LIST_HEAD(graveyard); if (list_empty(mounts)) return; namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); /* extract from the expiration list every vfsmount that matches the * following criteria: * - only referenced by its parent vfsmount * - still marked for expiry (marked on the last call here; marks are * cleared by mntput()) */ list_for_each_entry_safe(mnt, next, mounts, mnt_expire) { if (!xchg(&mnt->mnt_expiry_mark, 1) || propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 1)) continue; list_move(&mnt->mnt_expire, &graveyard); } while (!list_empty(&graveyard)) { mnt = list_first_entry(&graveyard, struct mount, mnt_expire); touch_mnt_namespace(mnt->mnt_ns); umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC); } unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mark_mounts_for_expiry); /* * Ripoff of 'select_parent()' * * search the list of submounts for a given mountpoint, and move any * shrinkable submounts to the 'graveyard' list. */ static int select_submounts(struct mount *parent, struct list_head *graveyard) { struct mount *this_parent = parent; struct list_head *next; int found = 0; repeat: next = this_parent->mnt_mounts.next; resume: while (next != &this_parent->mnt_mounts) { struct list_head *tmp = next; struct mount *mnt = list_entry(tmp, struct mount, mnt_child); next = tmp->next; if (!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_SHRINKABLE)) continue; /* * Descend a level if the d_mounts list is non-empty. */ if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_mounts)) { this_parent = mnt; goto repeat; } if (!propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 1)) { list_move_tail(&mnt->mnt_expire, graveyard); found++; } } /* * All done at this level ... ascend and resume the search */ if (this_parent != parent) { next = this_parent->mnt_child.next; this_parent = this_parent->mnt_parent; goto resume; } return found; } /* * process a list of expirable mountpoints with the intent of discarding any * submounts of a specific parent mountpoint * * mount_lock must be held for write */ static void shrink_submounts(struct mount *mnt) { LIST_HEAD(graveyard); struct mount *m; /* extract submounts of 'mountpoint' from the expiration list */ while (select_submounts(mnt, &graveyard)) { while (!list_empty(&graveyard)) { m = list_first_entry(&graveyard, struct mount, mnt_expire); touch_mnt_namespace(m->mnt_ns); umount_tree(m, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC); } } } static void *copy_mount_options(const void __user * data) { char *copy; unsigned left, offset; if (!data) return NULL; copy = kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL); if (!copy) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); left = copy_from_user(copy, data, PAGE_SIZE); /* * Not all architectures have an exact copy_from_user(). Resort to * byte at a time. */ offset = PAGE_SIZE - left; while (left) { char c; if (get_user(c, (const char __user *)data + offset)) break; copy[offset] = c; left--; offset++; } if (left == PAGE_SIZE) { kfree(copy); return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); } return copy; } static char *copy_mount_string(const void __user *data) { return data ? strndup_user(data, PATH_MAX) : NULL; } /* * Flags is a 32-bit value that allows up to 31 non-fs dependent flags to * be given to the mount() call (ie: read-only, no-dev, no-suid etc). * * data is a (void *) that can point to any structure up to * PAGE_SIZE-1 bytes, which can contain arbitrary fs-dependent * information (or be NULL). * * Pre-0.97 versions of mount() didn't have a flags word. * When the flags word was introduced its top half was required * to have the magic value 0xC0ED, and this remained so until 2.4.0-test9. * Therefore, if this magic number is present, it carries no information * and must be discarded. */ int path_mount(const char *dev_name, struct path *path, const char *type_page, unsigned long flags, void *data_page) { unsigned int mnt_flags = 0, sb_flags; int ret; /* Discard magic */ if ((flags & MS_MGC_MSK) == MS_MGC_VAL) flags &= ~MS_MGC_MSK; /* Basic sanity checks */ if (data_page) ((char *)data_page)[PAGE_SIZE - 1] = 0; if (flags & MS_NOUSER) return -EINVAL; ret = security_sb_mount(dev_name, path, type_page, flags, data_page); if (ret) return ret; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if ((flags & SB_MANDLOCK) && !may_mandlock()) return -EPERM; /* Default to relatime unless overriden */ if (!(flags & MS_NOATIME)) mnt_flags |= MNT_RELATIME; /* Separate the per-mountpoint flags */ if (flags & MS_NOSUID) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOSUID; if (flags & MS_NODEV) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODEV; if (flags & MS_NOEXEC) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOEXEC; if (flags & MS_NOATIME) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOATIME; if (flags & MS_NODIRATIME) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODIRATIME; if (flags & MS_STRICTATIME) mnt_flags &= ~(MNT_RELATIME | MNT_NOATIME); if (flags & MS_RDONLY) mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY; if (flags & MS_NOSYMFOLLOW) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOSYMFOLLOW; /* The default atime for remount is preservation */ if ((flags & MS_REMOUNT) && ((flags & (MS_NOATIME | MS_NODIRATIME | MS_RELATIME | MS_STRICTATIME)) == 0)) { mnt_flags &= ~MNT_ATIME_MASK; mnt_flags |= path->mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK; } sb_flags = flags & (SB_RDONLY | SB_SYNCHRONOUS | SB_MANDLOCK | SB_DIRSYNC | SB_SILENT | SB_POSIXACL | SB_LAZYTIME | SB_I_VERSION); if ((flags & (MS_REMOUNT | MS_BIND)) == (MS_REMOUNT | MS_BIND)) return do_reconfigure_mnt(path, mnt_flags); if (flags & MS_REMOUNT) return do_remount(path, flags, sb_flags, mnt_flags, data_page); if (flags & MS_BIND) return do_loopback(path, dev_name, flags & MS_REC); if (flags & (MS_SHARED | MS_PRIVATE | MS_SLAVE | MS_UNBINDABLE)) return do_change_type(path, flags); if (flags & MS_MOVE) return do_move_mount_old(path, dev_name); return do_new_mount(path, type_page, sb_flags, mnt_flags, dev_name, data_page); } long do_mount(const char *dev_name, const char __user *dir_name, const char *type_page, unsigned long flags, void *data_page) { struct path path; int ret; ret = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, dir_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &path); if (ret) return ret; ret = path_mount(dev_name, &path, type_page, flags, data_page); path_put(&path); return ret; } static struct ucounts *inc_mnt_namespaces(struct user_namespace *ns) { return inc_ucount(ns, current_euid(), UCOUNT_MNT_NAMESPACES); } static void dec_mnt_namespaces(struct ucounts *ucounts) { dec_ucount(ucounts, UCOUNT_MNT_NAMESPACES); } static void free_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (!is_anon_ns(ns)) ns_free_inum(&ns->ns); dec_mnt_namespaces(ns->ucounts); put_user_ns(ns->user_ns); kfree(ns); } /* * Assign a sequence number so we can detect when we attempt to bind * mount a reference to an older mount namespace into the current * mount namespace, preventing reference counting loops. A 64bit * number incrementing at 10Ghz will take 12,427 years to wrap which * is effectively never, so we can ignore the possibility. */ static atomic64_t mnt_ns_seq = ATOMIC64_INIT(1); static struct mnt_namespace *alloc_mnt_ns(struct user_namespace *user_ns, bool anon) { struct mnt_namespace *new_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; int ret; ucounts = inc_mnt_namespaces(user_ns); if (!ucounts) return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC); new_ns = kzalloc(sizeof(struct mnt_namespace), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_ns) { dec_mnt_namespaces(ucounts); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } if (!anon) { ret = ns_alloc_inum(&new_ns->ns); if (ret) { kfree(new_ns); dec_mnt_namespaces(ucounts); return ERR_PTR(ret); } } new_ns->ns.ops = &mntns_operations; if (!anon) new_ns->seq = atomic64_add_return(1, &mnt_ns_seq); atomic_set(&new_ns->count, 1); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new_ns->list); init_waitqueue_head(&new_ns->poll); spin_lock_init(&new_ns->ns_lock); new_ns->user_ns = get_user_ns(user_ns); new_ns->ucounts = ucounts; return new_ns; } __latent_entropy struct mnt_namespace *copy_mnt_ns(unsigned long flags, struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct fs_struct *new_fs) { struct mnt_namespace *new_ns; struct vfsmount *rootmnt = NULL, *pwdmnt = NULL; struct mount *p, *q; struct mount *old; struct mount *new; int copy_flags; BUG_ON(!ns); if (likely(!(flags & CLONE_NEWNS))) { get_mnt_ns(ns); return ns; } old = ns->root; new_ns = alloc_mnt_ns(user_ns, false); if (IS_ERR(new_ns)) return new_ns; namespace_lock(); /* First pass: copy the tree topology */ copy_flags = CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE | CL_EXPIRE; if (user_ns != ns->user_ns) copy_flags |= CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE; new = copy_tree(old, old->mnt.mnt_root, copy_flags); if (IS_ERR(new)) { namespace_unlock(); free_mnt_ns(new_ns); return ERR_CAST(new); } if (user_ns != ns->user_ns) { lock_mount_hash(); lock_mnt_tree(new); unlock_mount_hash(); } new_ns->root = new; list_add_tail(&new_ns->list, &new->mnt_list); /* * Second pass: switch the tsk->fs->* elements and mark new vfsmounts * as belonging to new namespace. We have already acquired a private * fs_struct, so tsk->fs->lock is not needed. */ p = old; q = new; while (p) { q->mnt_ns = new_ns; new_ns->mounts++; if (new_fs) { if (&p->mnt == new_fs->root.mnt) { new_fs->root.mnt = mntget(&q->mnt); rootmnt = &p->mnt; } if (&p->mnt == new_fs->pwd.mnt) { new_fs->pwd.mnt = mntget(&q->mnt); pwdmnt = &p->mnt; } } p = next_mnt(p, old); q = next_mnt(q, new); if (!q) break; while (p->mnt.mnt_root != q->mnt.mnt_root) p = next_mnt(p, old); } namespace_unlock(); if (rootmnt) mntput(rootmnt); if (pwdmnt) mntput(pwdmnt); return new_ns; } struct dentry *mount_subtree(struct vfsmount *m, const char *name) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m); struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct super_block *s; struct path path; int err; ns = alloc_mnt_ns(&init_user_ns, true); if (IS_ERR(ns)) { mntput(m); return ERR_CAST(ns); } mnt->mnt_ns = ns; ns->root = mnt; ns->mounts++; list_add(&mnt->mnt_list, &ns->list); err = vfs_path_lookup(m->mnt_root, m, name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT, &path); put_mnt_ns(ns); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); /* trade a vfsmount reference for active sb one */ s = path.mnt->mnt_sb; atomic_inc(&s->s_active); mntput(path.mnt); /* lock the sucker */ down_write(&s->s_umount); /* ... and return the root of (sub)tree on it */ return path.dentry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mount_subtree); SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mount, char __user *, dev_name, char __user *, dir_name, char __user *, type, unsigned long, flags, void __user *, data) { int ret; char *kernel_type; char *kernel_dev; void *options; kernel_type = copy_mount_string(type); ret = PTR_ERR(kernel_type); if (IS_ERR(kernel_type)) goto out_type; kernel_dev = copy_mount_string(dev_name); ret = PTR_ERR(kernel_dev); if (IS_ERR(kernel_dev)) goto out_dev; options = copy_mount_options(data); ret = PTR_ERR(options); if (IS_ERR(options)) goto out_data; ret = do_mount(kernel_dev, dir_name, kernel_type, flags, options); kfree(options); out_data: kfree(kernel_dev); out_dev: kfree(kernel_type); out_type: return ret; } /* * Create a kernel mount representation for a new, prepared superblock * (specified by fs_fd) and attach to an open_tree-like file descriptor. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(fsmount, int, fs_fd, unsigned int, flags, unsigned int, attr_flags) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct fs_context *fc; struct file *file; struct path newmount; struct mount *mnt; struct fd f; unsigned int mnt_flags = 0; long ret; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if ((flags & ~(FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC)) != 0) return -EINVAL; if (attr_flags & ~(MOUNT_ATTR_RDONLY | MOUNT_ATTR_NOSUID | MOUNT_ATTR_NODEV | MOUNT_ATTR_NOEXEC | MOUNT_ATTR__ATIME | MOUNT_ATTR_NODIRATIME)) return -EINVAL; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_RDONLY) mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NOSUID) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOSUID; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NODEV) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODEV; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NOEXEC) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOEXEC; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NODIRATIME) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODIRATIME; switch (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR__ATIME) { case MOUNT_ATTR_STRICTATIME: break; case MOUNT_ATTR_NOATIME: mnt_flags |= MNT_NOATIME; break; case MOUNT_ATTR_RELATIME: mnt_flags |= MNT_RELATIME; break; default: return -EINVAL; } f = fdget(fs_fd); if (!f.file) return -EBADF; ret = -EINVAL; if (f.file->f_op != &fscontext_fops) goto err_fsfd; fc = f.file->private_data; ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&fc->uapi_mutex); if (ret < 0) goto err_fsfd; /* There must be a valid superblock or we can't mount it */ ret = -EINVAL; if (!fc->root) goto err_unlock; ret = -EPERM; if (mount_too_revealing(fc->root->d_sb, &mnt_flags)) { pr_warn("VFS: Mount too revealing\n"); goto err_unlock; } ret = -EBUSY; if (fc->phase != FS_CONTEXT_AWAITING_MOUNT) goto err_unlock; ret = -EPERM; if ((fc->sb_flags & SB_MANDLOCK) && !may_mandlock()) goto err_unlock; newmount.mnt = vfs_create_mount(fc); if (IS_ERR(newmount.mnt)) { ret = PTR_ERR(newmount.mnt); goto err_unlock; } newmount.dentry = dget(fc->root); newmount.mnt->mnt_flags = mnt_flags; /* We've done the mount bit - now move the file context into more or * less the same state as if we'd done an fspick(). We don't want to * do any memory allocation or anything like that at this point as we * don't want to have to handle any errors incurred. */ vfs_clean_context(fc); ns = alloc_mnt_ns(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns, true); if (IS_ERR(ns)) { ret = PTR_ERR(ns); goto err_path; } mnt = real_mount(newmount.mnt); mnt->mnt_ns = ns; ns->root = mnt; ns->mounts = 1; list_add(&mnt->mnt_list, &ns->list); mntget(newmount.mnt); /* Attach to an apparent O_PATH fd with a note that we need to unmount * it, not just simply put it. */ file = dentry_open(&newmount, O_PATH, fc->cred); if (IS_ERR(file)) { dissolve_on_fput(newmount.mnt); ret = PTR_ERR(file); goto err_path; } file->f_mode |= FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT; ret = get_unused_fd_flags((flags & FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC) ? O_CLOEXEC : 0); if (ret >= 0) fd_install(ret, file); else fput(file); err_path: path_put(&newmount); err_unlock: mutex_unlock(&fc->uapi_mutex); err_fsfd: fdput(f); return ret; } /* * Move a mount from one place to another. In combination with * fsopen()/fsmount() this is used to install a new mount and in combination * with open_tree(OPEN_TREE_CLONE [| AT_RECURSIVE]) it can be used to copy * a mount subtree. * * Note the flags value is a combination of MOVE_MOUNT_* flags. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(move_mount, int, from_dfd, const char __user *, from_pathname, int, to_dfd, const char __user *, to_pathname, unsigned int, flags) { struct path from_path, to_path; unsigned int lflags; int ret = 0; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if (flags & ~MOVE_MOUNT__MASK) return -EINVAL; /* If someone gives a pathname, they aren't permitted to move * from an fd that requires unmount as we can't get at the flag * to clear it afterwards. */ lflags = 0; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_F_SYMLINKS) lflags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_F_AUTOMOUNTS) lflags |= LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_F_EMPTY_PATH) lflags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; ret = user_path_at(from_dfd, from_pathname, lflags, &from_path); if (ret < 0) return ret; lflags = 0; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_T_SYMLINKS) lflags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_T_AUTOMOUNTS) lflags |= LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_T_EMPTY_PATH) lflags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; ret = user_path_at(to_dfd, to_pathname, lflags, &to_path); if (ret < 0) goto out_from; ret = security_move_mount(&from_path, &to_path); if (ret < 0) goto out_to; ret = do_move_mount(&from_path, &to_path); out_to: path_put(&to_path); out_from: path_put(&from_path); return ret; } /* * Return true if path is reachable from root * * namespace_sem or mount_lock is held */ bool is_path_reachable(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry, const struct path *root) { while (&mnt->mnt != root->mnt && mnt_has_parent(mnt)) { dentry = mnt->mnt_mountpoint; mnt = mnt->mnt_parent; } return &mnt->mnt == root->mnt && is_subdir(dentry, root->dentry); } bool path_is_under(const struct path *path1, const struct path *path2) { bool res; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); res = is_path_reachable(real_mount(path1->mnt), path1->dentry, path2); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_is_under); /* * pivot_root Semantics: * Moves the root file system of the current process to the directory put_old, * makes new_root as the new root file system of the current process, and sets * root/cwd of all processes which had them on the current root to new_root. * * Restrictions: * The new_root and put_old must be directories, and must not be on the * same file system as the current process root. The put_old must be * underneath new_root, i.e. adding a non-zero number of /.. to the string * pointed to by put_old must yield the same directory as new_root. No other * file system may be mounted on put_old. After all, new_root is a mountpoint. * * Also, the current root cannot be on the 'rootfs' (initial ramfs) filesystem. * See Documentation/filesystems/ramfs-rootfs-initramfs.rst for alternatives * in this situation. * * Notes: * - we don't move root/cwd if they are not at the root (reason: if something * cared enough to change them, it's probably wrong to force them elsewhere) * - it's okay to pick a root that isn't the root of a file system, e.g. * /nfs/my_root where /nfs is the mount point. It must be a mountpoint, * though, so you may need to say mount --bind /nfs/my_root /nfs/my_root * first. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(pivot_root, const char __user *, new_root, const char __user *, put_old) { struct path new, old, root; struct mount *new_mnt, *root_mnt, *old_mnt, *root_parent, *ex_parent; struct mountpoint *old_mp, *root_mp; int error; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, new_root, LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &new); if (error) goto out0; error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, put_old, LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &old); if (error) goto out1; error = security_sb_pivotroot(&old, &new); if (error) goto out2; get_fs_root(current->fs, &root); old_mp = lock_mount(&old); error = PTR_ERR(old_mp); if (IS_ERR(old_mp)) goto out3; error = -EINVAL; new_mnt = real_mount(new.mnt); root_mnt = real_mount(root.mnt); old_mnt = real_mount(old.mnt); ex_parent = new_mnt->mnt_parent; root_parent = root_mnt->mnt_parent; if (IS_MNT_SHARED(old_mnt) || IS_MNT_SHARED(ex_parent) || IS_MNT_SHARED(root_parent)) goto out4; if (!check_mnt(root_mnt) || !check_mnt(new_mnt)) goto out4; if (new_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) goto out4; error = -ENOENT; if (d_unlinked(new.dentry)) goto out4; error = -EBUSY; if (new_mnt == root_mnt || old_mnt == root_mnt) goto out4; /* loop, on the same file system */ error = -EINVAL; if (root.mnt->mnt_root != root.dentry) goto out4; /* not a mountpoint */ if (!mnt_has_parent(root_mnt)) goto out4; /* not attached */ if (new.mnt->mnt_root != new.dentry) goto out4; /* not a mountpoint */ if (!mnt_has_parent(new_mnt)) goto out4; /* not attached */ /* make sure we can reach put_old from new_root */ if (!is_path_reachable(old_mnt, old.dentry, &new)) goto out4; /* make certain new is below the root */ if (!is_path_reachable(new_mnt, new.dentry, &root)) goto out4; lock_mount_hash(); umount_mnt(new_mnt); root_mp = unhash_mnt(root_mnt); /* we'll need its mountpoint */ if (root_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) { new_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCKED; root_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED; } /* mount old root on put_old */ attach_mnt(root_mnt, old_mnt, old_mp); /* mount new_root on / */ attach_mnt(new_mnt, root_parent, root_mp); mnt_add_count(root_parent, -1); touch_mnt_namespace(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns); /* A moved mount should not expire automatically */ list_del_init(&new_mnt->mnt_expire); put_mountpoint(root_mp); unlock_mount_hash(); chroot_fs_refs(&root, &new); error = 0; out4: unlock_mount(old_mp); if (!error) mntput_no_expire(ex_parent); out3: path_put(&root); out2: path_put(&old); out1: path_put(&new); out0: return error; } static void __init init_mount_tree(void) { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct mount *m; struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct path root; mnt = vfs_kern_mount(&rootfs_fs_type, 0, "rootfs", NULL); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) panic("Can't create rootfs"); ns = alloc_mnt_ns(&init_user_ns, false); if (IS_ERR(ns)) panic("Can't allocate initial namespace"); m = real_mount(mnt); m->mnt_ns = ns; ns->root = m; ns->mounts = 1; list_add(&m->mnt_list, &ns->list); init_task.nsproxy->mnt_ns = ns; get_mnt_ns(ns); root.mnt = mnt; root.dentry = mnt->mnt_root; mnt->mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCKED; set_fs_pwd(current->fs, &root); set_fs_root(current->fs, &root); } void __init mnt_init(void) { int err; mnt_cache = kmem_cache_create("mnt_cache", sizeof(struct mount), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC, NULL); mount_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Mount-cache", sizeof(struct hlist_head), mhash_entries, 19, HASH_ZERO, &m_hash_shift, &m_hash_mask, 0, 0); mountpoint_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Mountpoint-cache", sizeof(struct hlist_head), mphash_entries, 19, HASH_ZERO, &mp_hash_shift, &mp_hash_mask, 0, 0); if (!mount_hashtable || !mountpoint_hashtable) panic("Failed to allocate mount hash table\n"); kernfs_init(); err = sysfs_init(); if (err) printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: sysfs_init error: %d\n", __func__, err); fs_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("fs", NULL); if (!fs_kobj) printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: kobj create error\n", __func__); shmem_init(); init_rootfs(); init_mount_tree(); } void put_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&ns->count)) return; drop_collected_mounts(&ns->root->mnt); free_mnt_ns(ns); } struct vfsmount *kern_mount(struct file_system_type *type) { struct vfsmount *mnt; mnt = vfs_kern_mount(type, SB_KERNMOUNT, type->name, NULL); if (!IS_ERR(mnt)) { /* * it is a longterm mount, don't release mnt until * we unmount before file sys is unregistered */ real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns = MNT_NS_INTERNAL; } return mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kern_mount); void kern_unmount(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* release long term mount so mount point can be released */ if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(mnt)) { real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns = NULL; synchronize_rcu(); /* yecchhh... */ mntput(mnt); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_unmount); void kern_unmount_array(struct vfsmount *mnt[], unsigned int num) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (mnt[i]) real_mount(mnt[i])->mnt_ns = NULL; synchronize_rcu_expedited(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) mntput(mnt[i]); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_unmount_array); bool our_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt) { return check_mnt(real_mount(mnt)); } bool current_chrooted(void) { /* Does the current process have a non-standard root */ struct path ns_root; struct path fs_root; bool chrooted; /* Find the namespace root */ ns_root.mnt = &current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->root->mnt; ns_root.dentry = ns_root.mnt->mnt_root; path_get(&ns_root); while (d_mountpoint(ns_root.dentry) && follow_down_one(&ns_root)) ; get_fs_root(current->fs, &fs_root); chrooted = !path_equal(&fs_root, &ns_root); path_put(&fs_root); path_put(&ns_root); return chrooted; } static bool mnt_already_visible(struct mnt_namespace *ns, const struct super_block *sb, int *new_mnt_flags) { int new_flags = *new_mnt_flags; struct mount *mnt; bool visible = false; down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_ns_list(ns); list_for_each_entry(mnt, &ns->list, mnt_list) { struct mount *child; int mnt_flags; if (mnt_is_cursor(mnt)) continue; if (mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_type != sb->s_type) continue; /* This mount is not fully visible if it's root directory * is not the root directory of the filesystem. */ if (mnt->mnt.mnt_root != mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_root) continue; /* A local view of the mount flags */ mnt_flags = mnt->mnt.mnt_flags; /* Don't miss readonly hidden in the superblock flags */ if (sb_rdonly(mnt->mnt.mnt_sb)) mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCK_READONLY; /* Verify the mount flags are equal to or more permissive * than the proposed new mount. */ if ((mnt_flags & MNT_LOCK_READONLY) && !(new_flags & MNT_READONLY)) continue; if ((mnt_flags & MNT_LOCK_ATIME) && ((mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK) != (new_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK))) continue; /* This mount is not fully visible if there are any * locked child mounts that cover anything except for * empty directories. */ list_for_each_entry(child, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { struct inode *inode = child->mnt_mountpoint->d_inode; /* Only worry about locked mounts */ if (!(child->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED)) continue; /* Is the directory permanetly empty? */ if (!is_empty_dir_inode(inode)) goto next; } /* Preserve the locked attributes */ *new_mnt_flags |= mnt_flags & (MNT_LOCK_READONLY | \ MNT_LOCK_ATIME); visible = true; goto found; next: ; } found: unlock_ns_list(ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); return visible; } static bool mount_too_revealing(const struct super_block *sb, int *new_mnt_flags) { const unsigned long required_iflags = SB_I_NOEXEC | SB_I_NODEV; struct mnt_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns; unsigned long s_iflags; if (ns->user_ns == &init_user_ns) return false; /* Can this filesystem be too revealing? */ s_iflags = sb->s_iflags; if (!(s_iflags & SB_I_USERNS_VISIBLE)) return false; if ((s_iflags & required_iflags) != required_iflags) { WARN_ONCE(1, "Expected s_iflags to contain 0x%lx\n", required_iflags); return true; } return !mnt_already_visible(ns, sb, new_mnt_flags); } bool mnt_may_suid(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* * Foreign mounts (accessed via fchdir or through /proc * symlinks) are always treated as if they are nosuid. This * prevents namespaces from trusting potentially unsafe * suid/sgid bits, file caps, or security labels that originate * in other namespaces. */ return !(mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NOSUID) && check_mnt(real_mount(mnt)) && current_in_userns(mnt->mnt_sb->s_user_ns); } static struct ns_common *mntns_get(struct task_struct *task) { struct ns_common *ns = NULL; struct nsproxy *nsproxy; task_lock(task); nsproxy = task->nsproxy; if (nsproxy) { ns = &nsproxy->mnt_ns->ns; get_mnt_ns(to_mnt_ns(ns)); } task_unlock(task); return ns; } static void mntns_put(struct ns_common *ns) { put_mnt_ns(to_mnt_ns(ns)); } static int mntns_install(struct nsset *nsset, struct ns_common *ns) { struct nsproxy *nsproxy = nsset->nsproxy; struct fs_struct *fs = nsset->fs; struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns = to_mnt_ns(ns), *old_mnt_ns; struct user_namespace *user_ns = nsset->cred->user_ns; struct path root; int err; if (!ns_capable(mnt_ns->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN) || !ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_CHROOT) || !ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; if (is_anon_ns(mnt_ns)) return -EINVAL; if (fs->users != 1) return -EINVAL; get_mnt_ns(mnt_ns); old_mnt_ns = nsproxy->mnt_ns; nsproxy->mnt_ns = mnt_ns; /* Find the root */ err = vfs_path_lookup(mnt_ns->root->mnt.mnt_root, &mnt_ns->root->mnt, "/", LOOKUP_DOWN, &root); if (err) { /* revert to old namespace */ nsproxy->mnt_ns = old_mnt_ns; put_mnt_ns(mnt_ns); return err; } put_mnt_ns(old_mnt_ns); /* Update the pwd and root */ set_fs_pwd(fs, &root); set_fs_root(fs, &root); path_put(&root); return 0; } static struct user_namespace *mntns_owner(struct ns_common *ns) { return to_mnt_ns(ns)->user_ns; } const struct proc_ns_operations mntns_operations = { .name = "mnt", .type = CLONE_NEWNS, .get = mntns_get, .put = mntns_put, .install = mntns_install, .owner = mntns_owner, };
1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Written by Mark Hemment, 1996 (markhe@nextd.demon.co.uk). * * (C) SGI 2006, Christoph Lameter * Cleaned up and restructured to ease the addition of alternative * implementations of SLAB allocators. * (C) Linux Foundation 2008-2013 * Unified interface for all slab allocators */ #ifndef _LINUX_SLAB_H #define _LINUX_SLAB_H #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> /* * Flags to pass to kmem_cache_create(). * The ones marked DEBUG are only valid if CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB is set. */ /* DEBUG: Perform (expensive) checks on alloc/free */ #define SLAB_CONSISTENCY_CHECKS ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00000100U) /* DEBUG: Red zone objs in a cache */ #define SLAB_RED_ZONE ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00000400U) /* DEBUG: Poison objects */ #define SLAB_POISON ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00000800U) /* Align objs on cache lines */ #define SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00002000U) /* Use GFP_DMA memory */ #define SLAB_CACHE_DMA ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00004000U) /* Use GFP_DMA32 memory */ #define SLAB_CACHE_DMA32 ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00008000U) /* DEBUG: Store the last owner for bug hunting */ #define SLAB_STORE_USER ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00010000U) /* Panic if kmem_cache_create() fails */ #define SLAB_PANIC ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00040000U) /* * SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU - **WARNING** READ THIS! * * This delays freeing the SLAB page by a grace period, it does _NOT_ * delay object freeing. This means that if you do kmem_cache_free() * that memory location is free to be reused at any time. Thus it may * be possible to see another object there in the same RCU grace period. * * This feature only ensures the memory location backing the object * stays valid, the trick to using this is relying on an independent * object validation pass. Something like: * * rcu_read_lock() * again: * obj = lockless_lookup(key); * if (obj) { * if (!try_get_ref(obj)) // might fail for free objects * goto again; * * if (obj->key != key) { // not the object we expected * put_ref(obj); * goto again; * } * } * rcu_read_unlock(); * * This is useful if we need to approach a kernel structure obliquely, * from its address obtained without the usual locking. We can lock * the structure to stabilize it and check it's still at the given address, * only if we can be sure that the memory has not been meanwhile reused * for some other kind of object (which our subsystem's lock might corrupt). * * rcu_read_lock before reading the address, then rcu_read_unlock after * taking the spinlock within the structure expected at that address. * * Note that SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU was originally named SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU. */ /* Defer freeing slabs to RCU */ #define SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00080000U) /* Spread some memory over cpuset */ #define SLAB_MEM_SPREAD ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00100000U) /* Trace allocations and frees */ #define SLAB_TRACE ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00200000U) /* Flag to prevent checks on free */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS # define SLAB_DEBUG_OBJECTS ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00400000U) #else # define SLAB_DEBUG_OBJECTS 0 #endif /* Avoid kmemleak tracing */ #define SLAB_NOLEAKTRACE ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00800000U) /* Fault injection mark */ #ifdef CONFIG_FAILSLAB # define SLAB_FAILSLAB ((slab_flags_t __force)0x02000000U) #else # define SLAB_FAILSLAB 0 #endif /* Account to memcg */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM # define SLAB_ACCOUNT ((slab_flags_t __force)0x04000000U) #else # define SLAB_ACCOUNT 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN #define SLAB_KASAN ((slab_flags_t __force)0x08000000U) #else #define SLAB_KASAN 0 #endif /* The following flags affect the page allocator grouping pages by mobility */ /* Objects are reclaimable */ #define SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00020000U) #define SLAB_TEMPORARY SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT /* Objects are short-lived */ /* Slab deactivation flag */ #define SLAB_DEACTIVATED ((slab_flags_t __force)0x10000000U) /* * ZERO_SIZE_PTR will be returned for zero sized kmalloc requests. * * Dereferencing ZERO_SIZE_PTR will lead to a distinct access fault. * * ZERO_SIZE_PTR can be passed to kfree though in the same way that NULL can. * Both make kfree a no-op. */ #define ZERO_SIZE_PTR ((void *)16) #define ZERO_OR_NULL_PTR(x) ((unsigned long)(x) <= \ (unsigned long)ZERO_SIZE_PTR) #include <linux/kasan.h> struct mem_cgroup; /* * struct kmem_cache related prototypes */ void __init kmem_cache_init(void); bool slab_is_available(void); extern bool usercopy_fallback; struct kmem_cache *kmem_cache_create(const char *name, unsigned int size, unsigned int align, slab_flags_t flags, void (*ctor)(void *)); struct kmem_cache *kmem_cache_create_usercopy(const char *name, unsigned int size, unsigned int align, slab_flags_t flags, unsigned int useroffset, unsigned int usersize, void (*ctor)(void *)); void kmem_cache_destroy(struct kmem_cache *); int kmem_cache_shrink(struct kmem_cache *); /* * Please use this macro to create slab caches. Simply specify the * name of the structure and maybe some flags that are listed above. * * The alignment of the struct determines object alignment. If you * f.e. add ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp to the struct declaration * then the objects will be properly aligned in SMP configurations. */ #define KMEM_CACHE(__struct, __flags) \ kmem_cache_create(#__struct, sizeof(struct __struct), \ __alignof__(struct __struct), (__flags), NULL) /* * To whitelist a single field for copying to/from usercopy, use this * macro instead for KMEM_CACHE() above. */ #define KMEM_CACHE_USERCOPY(__struct, __flags, __field) \ kmem_cache_create_usercopy(#__struct, \ sizeof(struct __struct), \ __alignof__(struct __struct), (__flags), \ offsetof(struct __struct, __field), \ sizeof_field(struct __struct, __field), NULL) /* * Common kmalloc functions provided by all allocators */ void * __must_check krealloc(const void *, size_t, gfp_t); void kfree(const void *); void kfree_sensitive(const void *); size_t __ksize(const void *); size_t ksize(const void *); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_HARDENED_USERCOPY_ALLOCATOR void __check_heap_object(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, struct page *page, bool to_user); #else static inline void __check_heap_object(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, struct page *page, bool to_user) { } #endif /* * Some archs want to perform DMA into kmalloc caches and need a guaranteed * alignment larger than the alignment of a 64-bit integer. * Setting ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN in arch headers allows that. */ #if defined(ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN) && ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN > 8 #define ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN #define KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW ilog2(ARCH_DMA_MINALIGN) #else #define ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN __alignof__(unsigned long long) #endif /* * Setting ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN in arch headers allows a different alignment. * Intended for arches that get misalignment faults even for 64 bit integer * aligned buffers. */ #ifndef ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN #define ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN __alignof__(unsigned long long) #endif /* * kmalloc and friends return ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN aligned * pointers. kmem_cache_alloc and friends return ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN * aligned pointers. */ #define __assume_kmalloc_alignment __assume_aligned(ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN) #define __assume_slab_alignment __assume_aligned(ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN) #define __assume_page_alignment __assume_aligned(PAGE_SIZE) /* * Kmalloc array related definitions */ #ifdef CONFIG_SLAB /* * The largest kmalloc size supported by the SLAB allocators is * 32 megabyte (2^25) or the maximum allocatable page order if that is * less than 32 MB. * * WARNING: Its not easy to increase this value since the allocators have * to do various tricks to work around compiler limitations in order to * ensure proper constant folding. */ #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH ((MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) <= 25 ? \ (MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) : 25) #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH #ifndef KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW 5 #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SLUB /* * SLUB directly allocates requests fitting in to an order-1 page * (PAGE_SIZE*2). Larger requests are passed to the page allocator. */ #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH (PAGE_SHIFT + 1) #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX (MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) #ifndef KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW 3 #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SLOB /* * SLOB passes all requests larger than one page to the page allocator. * No kmalloc array is necessary since objects of different sizes can * be allocated from the same page. */ #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH PAGE_SHIFT #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX (MAX_ORDER + PAGE_SHIFT - 1) #ifndef KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW #define KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW 3 #endif #endif /* Maximum allocatable size */ #define KMALLOC_MAX_SIZE (1UL << KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX) /* Maximum size for which we actually use a slab cache */ #define KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE (1UL << KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH) /* Maximum order allocatable via the slab allocator */ #define KMALLOC_MAX_ORDER (KMALLOC_SHIFT_MAX - PAGE_SHIFT) /* * Kmalloc subsystem. */ #ifndef KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE #define KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE (1 << KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW) #endif /* * This restriction comes from byte sized index implementation. * Page size is normally 2^12 bytes and, in this case, if we want to use * byte sized index which can represent 2^8 entries, the size of the object * should be equal or greater to 2^12 / 2^8 = 2^4 = 16. * If minimum size of kmalloc is less than 16, we use it as minimum object * size and give up to use byte sized index. */ #define SLAB_OBJ_MIN_SIZE (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE < 16 ? \ (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE) : 16) /* * Whenever changing this, take care of that kmalloc_type() and * create_kmalloc_caches() still work as intended. */ enum kmalloc_cache_type { KMALLOC_NORMAL = 0, KMALLOC_RECLAIM, #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA KMALLOC_DMA, #endif NR_KMALLOC_TYPES }; #ifndef CONFIG_SLOB extern struct kmem_cache * kmalloc_caches[NR_KMALLOC_TYPES][KMALLOC_SHIFT_HIGH + 1]; static __always_inline enum kmalloc_cache_type kmalloc_type(gfp_t flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA /* * The most common case is KMALLOC_NORMAL, so test for it * with a single branch for both flags. */ if (likely((flags & (__GFP_DMA | __GFP_RECLAIMABLE)) == 0)) return KMALLOC_NORMAL; /* * At least one of the flags has to be set. If both are, __GFP_DMA * is more important. */ return flags & __GFP_DMA ? KMALLOC_DMA : KMALLOC_RECLAIM; #else return flags & __GFP_RECLAIMABLE ? KMALLOC_RECLAIM : KMALLOC_NORMAL; #endif } /* * Figure out which kmalloc slab an allocation of a certain size * belongs to. * 0 = zero alloc * 1 = 65 .. 96 bytes * 2 = 129 .. 192 bytes * n = 2^(n-1)+1 .. 2^n */ static __always_inline unsigned int kmalloc_index(size_t size) { if (!size) return 0; if (size <= KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE) return KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW; if (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE <= 32 && size > 64 && size <= 96) return 1; if (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE <= 64 && size > 128 && size <= 192) return 2; if (size <= 8) return 3; if (size <= 16) return 4; if (size <= 32) return 5; if (size <= 64) return 6; if (size <= 128) return 7; if (size <= 256) return 8; if (size <= 512) return 9; if (size <= 1024) return 10; if (size <= 2 * 1024) return 11; if (size <= 4 * 1024) return 12; if (size <= 8 * 1024) return 13; if (size <= 16 * 1024) return 14; if (size <= 32 * 1024) return 15; if (size <= 64 * 1024) return 16; if (size <= 128 * 1024) return 17; if (size <= 256 * 1024) return 18; if (size <= 512 * 1024) return 19; if (size <= 1024 * 1024) return 20; if (size <= 2 * 1024 * 1024) return 21; if (size <= 4 * 1024 * 1024) return 22; if (size <= 8 * 1024 * 1024) return 23; if (size <= 16 * 1024 * 1024) return 24; if (size <= 32 * 1024 * 1024) return 25; if (size <= 64 * 1024 * 1024) return 26; BUG(); /* Will never be reached. Needed because the compiler may complain */ return -1; } #endif /* !CONFIG_SLOB */ void *__kmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) __assume_kmalloc_alignment __malloc; void *kmem_cache_alloc(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t flags) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc; void kmem_cache_free(struct kmem_cache *, void *); /* * Bulk allocation and freeing operations. These are accelerated in an * allocator specific way to avoid taking locks repeatedly or building * metadata structures unnecessarily. * * Note that interrupts must be enabled when calling these functions. */ void kmem_cache_free_bulk(struct kmem_cache *, size_t, void **); int kmem_cache_alloc_bulk(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t, size_t, void **); /* * Caller must not use kfree_bulk() on memory not originally allocated * by kmalloc(), because the SLOB allocator cannot handle this. */ static __always_inline void kfree_bulk(size_t size, void **p) { kmem_cache_free_bulk(NULL, size, p); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA void *__kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) __assume_kmalloc_alignment __malloc; void *kmem_cache_alloc_node(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t flags, int node) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc; #else static __always_inline void *__kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return __kmalloc(size, flags); } static __always_inline void *kmem_cache_alloc_node(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kmem_cache_alloc(s, flags); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING extern void *kmem_cache_alloc_trace(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t, size_t) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern void *kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int node, size_t size) __assume_slab_alignment __malloc; #else static __always_inline void * kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int node, size_t size) { return kmem_cache_alloc_trace(s, gfpflags, size); } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ #else /* CONFIG_TRACING */ static __always_inline void *kmem_cache_alloc_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t flags, size_t size) { void *ret = kmem_cache_alloc(s, flags); ret = kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size, flags); return ret; } static __always_inline void * kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace(struct kmem_cache *s, gfp_t gfpflags, int node, size_t size) { void *ret = kmem_cache_alloc_node(s, gfpflags, node); ret = kasan_kmalloc(s, ret, size, gfpflags); return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRACING */ extern void *kmalloc_order(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order) __assume_page_alignment __malloc; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING extern void *kmalloc_order_trace(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order) __assume_page_alignment __malloc; #else static __always_inline void * kmalloc_order_trace(size_t size, gfp_t flags, unsigned int order) { return kmalloc_order(size, flags, order); } #endif static __always_inline void *kmalloc_large(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { unsigned int order = get_order(size); return kmalloc_order_trace(size, flags, order); } /** * kmalloc - allocate memory * @size: how many bytes of memory are required. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate. * * kmalloc is the normal method of allocating memory * for objects smaller than page size in the kernel. * * The allocated object address is aligned to at least ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN * bytes. For @size of power of two bytes, the alignment is also guaranteed * to be at least to the size. * * The @flags argument may be one of the GFP flags defined at * include/linux/gfp.h and described at * :ref:`Documentation/core-api/mm-api.rst <mm-api-gfp-flags>` * * The recommended usage of the @flags is described at * :ref:`Documentation/core-api/memory-allocation.rst <memory_allocation>` * * Below is a brief outline of the most useful GFP flags * * %GFP_KERNEL * Allocate normal kernel ram. May sleep. * * %GFP_NOWAIT * Allocation will not sleep. * * %GFP_ATOMIC * Allocation will not sleep. May use emergency pools. * * %GFP_HIGHUSER * Allocate memory from high memory on behalf of user. * * Also it is possible to set different flags by OR'ing * in one or more of the following additional @flags: * * %__GFP_HIGH * This allocation has high priority and may use emergency pools. * * %__GFP_NOFAIL * Indicate that this allocation is in no way allowed to fail * (think twice before using). * * %__GFP_NORETRY * If memory is not immediately available, * then give up at once. * * %__GFP_NOWARN * If allocation fails, don't issue any warnings. * * %__GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL * Try really hard to succeed the allocation but fail * eventually. */ static __always_inline void *kmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { #ifndef CONFIG_SLOB unsigned int index; #endif if (size > KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE) return kmalloc_large(size, flags); #ifndef CONFIG_SLOB index = kmalloc_index(size); if (!index) return ZERO_SIZE_PTR; return kmem_cache_alloc_trace( kmalloc_caches[kmalloc_type(flags)][index], flags, size); #endif } return __kmalloc(size, flags); } static __always_inline void *kmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { #ifndef CONFIG_SLOB if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && size <= KMALLOC_MAX_CACHE_SIZE) { unsigned int i = kmalloc_index(size); if (!i) return ZERO_SIZE_PTR; return kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace( kmalloc_caches[kmalloc_type(flags)][i], flags, node, size); } #endif return __kmalloc_node(size, flags, node); } /** * kmalloc_array - allocate memory for an array. * @n: number of elements. * @size: element size. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc). */ static inline void *kmalloc_array(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; if (__builtin_constant_p(n) && __builtin_constant_p(size)) return kmalloc(bytes, flags); return __kmalloc(bytes, flags); } /** * kcalloc - allocate memory for an array. The memory is set to zero. * @n: number of elements. * @size: element size. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc). */ static inline void *kcalloc(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kmalloc_array(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } /* * kmalloc_track_caller is a special version of kmalloc that records the * calling function of the routine calling it for slab leak tracking instead * of just the calling function (confusing, eh?). * It's useful when the call to kmalloc comes from a widely-used standard * allocator where we care about the real place the memory allocation * request comes from. */ extern void *__kmalloc_track_caller(size_t, gfp_t, unsigned long); #define kmalloc_track_caller(size, flags) \ __kmalloc_track_caller(size, flags, _RET_IP_) static inline void *kmalloc_array_node(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; if (__builtin_constant_p(n) && __builtin_constant_p(size)) return kmalloc_node(bytes, flags, node); return __kmalloc_node(bytes, flags, node); } static inline void *kcalloc_node(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kmalloc_array_node(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern void *__kmalloc_node_track_caller(size_t, gfp_t, int, unsigned long); #define kmalloc_node_track_caller(size, flags, node) \ __kmalloc_node_track_caller(size, flags, node, \ _RET_IP_) #else /* CONFIG_NUMA */ #define kmalloc_node_track_caller(size, flags, node) \ kmalloc_track_caller(size, flags) #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ /* * Shortcuts */ static inline void *kmem_cache_zalloc(struct kmem_cache *k, gfp_t flags) { return kmem_cache_alloc(k, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } /** * kzalloc - allocate memory. The memory is set to zero. * @size: how many bytes of memory are required. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc). */ static inline void *kzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kmalloc(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } /** * kzalloc_node - allocate zeroed memory from a particular memory node. * @size: how many bytes of memory are required. * @flags: the type of memory to allocate (see kmalloc). * @node: memory node from which to allocate */ static inline void *kzalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kmalloc_node(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node); } unsigned int kmem_cache_size(struct kmem_cache *s); void __init kmem_cache_init_late(void); #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_SLAB) int slab_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu); int slab_dead_cpu(unsigned int cpu); #else #define slab_prepare_cpu NULL #define slab_dead_cpu NULL #endif #endif /* _LINUX_SLAB_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H #define _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/types.h> /** * struct min_heap - Data structure to hold a min-heap. * @data: Start of array holding the heap elements. * @nr: Number of elements currently in the heap. * @size: Maximum number of elements that can be held in current storage. */ struct min_heap { void *data; int nr; int size; }; /** * struct min_heap_callbacks - Data/functions to customise the min_heap. * @elem_size: The nr of each element in bytes. * @less: Partial order function for this heap. * @swp: Swap elements function. */ struct min_heap_callbacks { int elem_size; bool (*less)(const void *lhs, const void *rhs); void (*swp)(void *lhs, void *rhs); }; /* Sift the element at pos down the heap. */ static __always_inline void min_heapify(struct min_heap *heap, int pos, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *left, *right, *parent, *smallest; void *data = heap->data; for (;;) { if (pos * 2 + 1 >= heap->nr) break; left = data + ((pos * 2 + 1) * func->elem_size); parent = data + (pos * func->elem_size); smallest = parent; if (func->less(left, smallest)) smallest = left; if (pos * 2 + 2 < heap->nr) { right = data + ((pos * 2 + 2) * func->elem_size); if (func->less(right, smallest)) smallest = right; } if (smallest == parent) break; func->swp(smallest, parent); if (smallest == left) pos = (pos * 2) + 1; else pos = (pos * 2) + 2; } } /* Floyd's approach to heapification that is O(nr). */ static __always_inline void min_heapify_all(struct min_heap *heap, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { int i; for (i = heap->nr / 2; i >= 0; i--) min_heapify(heap, i, func); } /* Remove minimum element from the heap, O(log2(nr)). */ static __always_inline void min_heap_pop(struct min_heap *heap, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *data = heap->data; if (WARN_ONCE(heap->nr <= 0, "Popping an empty heap")) return; /* Place last element at the root (position 0) and then sift down. */ heap->nr--; memcpy(data, data + (heap->nr * func->elem_size), func->elem_size); min_heapify(heap, 0, func); } /* * Remove the minimum element and then push the given element. The * implementation performs 1 sift (O(log2(nr))) and is therefore more * efficient than a pop followed by a push that does 2. */ static __always_inline void min_heap_pop_push(struct min_heap *heap, const void *element, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { memcpy(heap->data, element, func->elem_size); min_heapify(heap, 0, func); } /* Push an element on to the heap, O(log2(nr)). */ static __always_inline void min_heap_push(struct min_heap *heap, const void *element, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *data = heap->data; void *child, *parent; int pos; if (WARN_ONCE(heap->nr >= heap->size, "Pushing on a full heap")) return; /* Place at the end of data. */ pos = heap->nr; memcpy(data + (pos * func->elem_size), element, func->elem_size); heap->nr++; /* Sift child at pos up. */ for (; pos > 0; pos = (pos - 1) / 2) { child = data + (pos * func->elem_size); parent = data + ((pos - 1) / 2) * func->elem_size; if (func->less(parent, child)) break; func->swp(parent, child); } } #endif /* _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only #include <linux/kdebug.h> #include <linux/kprobes.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/reboot.h> /* * Notifier list for kernel code which wants to be called * at shutdown. This is used to stop any idling DMA operations * and the like. */ BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_HEAD(reboot_notifier_list); /* * Notifier chain core routines. The exported routines below * are layered on top of these, with appropriate locking added. */ static int notifier_chain_register(struct notifier_block **nl, struct notifier_block *n) { while ((*nl) != NULL) { if (unlikely((*nl) == n)) { WARN(1, "double register detected"); return 0; } if (n->priority > (*nl)->priority) break; nl = &((*nl)->next); } n->next = *nl; rcu_assign_pointer(*nl, n); return 0; } static int notifier_chain_unregister(struct notifier_block **nl, struct notifier_block *n) { while ((*nl) != NULL) { if ((*nl) == n) { rcu_assign_pointer(*nl, n->next); return 0; } nl = &((*nl)->next); } return -ENOENT; } /** * notifier_call_chain - Informs the registered notifiers about an event. * @nl: Pointer to head of the blocking notifier chain * @val: Value passed unmodified to notifier function * @v: Pointer passed unmodified to notifier function * @nr_to_call: Number of notifier functions to be called. Don't care * value of this parameter is -1. * @nr_calls: Records the number of notifications sent. Don't care * value of this field is NULL. * @returns: notifier_call_chain returns the value returned by the * last notifier function called. */ static int notifier_call_chain(struct notifier_block **nl, unsigned long val, void *v, int nr_to_call, int *nr_calls) { int ret = NOTIFY_DONE; struct notifier_block *nb, *next_nb; nb = rcu_dereference_raw(*nl); while (nb && nr_to_call) { next_nb = rcu_dereference_raw(nb->next); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_NOTIFIERS if (unlikely(!func_ptr_is_kernel_text(nb->notifier_call))) { WARN(1, "Invalid notifier called!"); nb = next_nb; continue; } #endif ret = nb->notifier_call(nb, val, v); if (nr_calls) (*nr_calls)++; if (ret & NOTIFY_STOP_MASK) break; nb = next_nb; nr_to_call--; } return ret; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(notifier_call_chain); /** * notifier_call_chain_robust - Inform the registered notifiers about an event * and rollback on error. * @nl: Pointer to head of the blocking notifier chain * @val_up: Value passed unmodified to the notifier function * @val_down: Value passed unmodified to the notifier function when recovering * from an error on @val_up * @v Pointer passed unmodified to the notifier function * * NOTE: It is important the @nl chain doesn't change between the two * invocations of notifier_call_chain() such that we visit the * exact same notifier callbacks; this rules out any RCU usage. * * Returns: the return value of the @val_up call. */ static int notifier_call_chain_robust(struct notifier_block **nl, unsigned long val_up, unsigned long val_down, void *v) { int ret, nr = 0; ret = notifier_call_chain(nl, val_up, v, -1, &nr); if (ret & NOTIFY_STOP_MASK) notifier_call_chain(nl, val_down, v, nr-1, NULL); return ret; } /* * Atomic notifier chain routines. Registration and unregistration * use a spinlock, and call_chain is synchronized by RCU (no locks). */ /** * atomic_notifier_chain_register - Add notifier to an atomic notifier chain * @nh: Pointer to head of the atomic notifier chain * @n: New entry in notifier chain * * Adds a notifier to an atomic notifier chain. * * Currently always returns zero. */ int atomic_notifier_chain_register(struct atomic_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *n) { unsigned long flags; int ret; spin_lock_irqsave(&nh->lock, flags); ret = notifier_chain_register(&nh->head, n); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&nh->lock, flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(atomic_notifier_chain_register); /** * atomic_notifier_chain_unregister - Remove notifier from an atomic notifier chain * @nh: Pointer to head of the atomic notifier chain * @n: Entry to remove from notifier chain * * Removes a notifier from an atomic notifier chain. * * Returns zero on success or %-ENOENT on failure. */ int atomic_notifier_chain_unregister(struct atomic_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *n) { unsigned long flags; int ret; spin_lock_irqsave(&nh->lock, flags); ret = notifier_chain_unregister(&nh->head, n); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&nh->lock, flags); synchronize_rcu(); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(atomic_notifier_chain_unregister); int atomic_notifier_call_chain_robust(struct atomic_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val_up, unsigned long val_down, void *v) { unsigned long flags; int ret; /* * Musn't use RCU; because then the notifier list can * change between the up and down traversal. */ spin_lock_irqsave(&nh->lock, flags); ret = notifier_call_chain_robust(&nh->head, val_up, val_down, v); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&nh->lock, flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(atomic_notifier_call_chain_robust); NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(atomic_notifier_call_chain_robust); /** * atomic_notifier_call_chain - Call functions in an atomic notifier chain * @nh: Pointer to head of the atomic notifier chain * @val: Value passed unmodified to notifier function * @v: Pointer passed unmodified to notifier function * * Calls each function in a notifier chain in turn. The functions * run in an atomic context, so they must not block. * This routine uses RCU to synchronize with changes to the chain. * * If the return value of the notifier can be and'ed * with %NOTIFY_STOP_MASK then atomic_notifier_call_chain() * will return immediately, with the return value of * the notifier function which halted execution. * Otherwise the return value is the return value * of the last notifier function called. */ int atomic_notifier_call_chain(struct atomic_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val, void *v) { int ret; rcu_read_lock(); ret = notifier_call_chain(&nh->head, val, v, -1, NULL); rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(atomic_notifier_call_chain); NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(atomic_notifier_call_chain); /* * Blocking notifier chain routines. All access to the chain is * synchronized by an rwsem. */ /** * blocking_notifier_chain_register - Add notifier to a blocking notifier chain * @nh: Pointer to head of the blocking notifier chain * @n: New entry in notifier chain * * Adds a notifier to a blocking notifier chain. * Must be called in process context. * * Currently always returns zero. */ int blocking_notifier_chain_register(struct blocking_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *n) { int ret; /* * This code gets used during boot-up, when task switching is * not yet working and interrupts must remain disabled. At * such times we must not call down_write(). */ if (unlikely(system_state == SYSTEM_BOOTING)) return notifier_chain_register(&nh->head, n); down_write(&nh->rwsem); ret = notifier_chain_register(&nh->head, n); up_write(&nh->rwsem); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blocking_notifier_chain_register); /** * blocking_notifier_chain_unregister - Remove notifier from a blocking notifier chain * @nh: Pointer to head of the blocking notifier chain * @n: Entry to remove from notifier chain * * Removes a notifier from a blocking notifier chain. * Must be called from process context. * * Returns zero on success or %-ENOENT on failure. */ int blocking_notifier_chain_unregister(struct blocking_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *n) { int ret; /* * This code gets used during boot-up, when task switching is * not yet working and interrupts must remain disabled. At * such times we must not call down_write(). */ if (unlikely(system_state == SYSTEM_BOOTING)) return notifier_chain_unregister(&nh->head, n); down_write(&nh->rwsem); ret = notifier_chain_unregister(&nh->head, n); up_write(&nh->rwsem); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blocking_notifier_chain_unregister); int blocking_notifier_call_chain_robust(struct blocking_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val_up, unsigned long val_down, void *v) { int ret = NOTIFY_DONE; /* * We check the head outside the lock, but if this access is * racy then it does not matter what the result of the test * is, we re-check the list after having taken the lock anyway: */ if (rcu_access_pointer(nh->head)) { down_read(&nh->rwsem); ret = notifier_call_chain_robust(&nh->head, val_up, val_down, v); up_read(&nh->rwsem); } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blocking_notifier_call_chain_robust); /** * blocking_notifier_call_chain - Call functions in a blocking notifier chain * @nh: Pointer to head of the blocking notifier chain * @val: Value passed unmodified to notifier function * @v: Pointer passed unmodified to notifier function * * Calls each function in a notifier chain in turn. The functions * run in a process context, so they are allowed to block. * * If the return value of the notifier can be and'ed * with %NOTIFY_STOP_MASK then blocking_notifier_call_chain() * will return immediately, with the return value of * the notifier function which halted execution. * Otherwise the return value is the return value * of the last notifier function called. */ int blocking_notifier_call_chain(struct blocking_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val, void *v) { int ret = NOTIFY_DONE; /* * We check the head outside the lock, but if this access is * racy then it does not matter what the result of the test * is, we re-check the list after having taken the lock anyway: */ if (rcu_access_pointer(nh->head)) { down_read(&nh->rwsem); ret = notifier_call_chain(&nh->head, val, v, -1, NULL); up_read(&nh->rwsem); } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blocking_notifier_call_chain); /* * Raw notifier chain routines. There is no protection; * the caller must provide it. Use at your own risk! */ /** * raw_notifier_chain_register - Add notifier to a raw notifier chain * @nh: Pointer to head of the raw notifier chain * @n: New entry in notifier chain * * Adds a notifier to a raw notifier chain. * All locking must be provided by the caller. * * Currently always returns zero. */ int raw_notifier_chain_register(struct raw_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *n) { return notifier_chain_register(&nh->head, n); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(raw_notifier_chain_register); /** * raw_notifier_chain_unregister - Remove notifier from a raw notifier chain * @nh: Pointer to head of the raw notifier chain * @n: Entry to remove from notifier chain * * Removes a notifier from a raw notifier chain. * All locking must be provided by the caller. * * Returns zero on success or %-ENOENT on failure. */ int raw_notifier_chain_unregister(struct raw_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *n) { return notifier_chain_unregister(&nh->head, n); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(raw_notifier_chain_unregister); int raw_notifier_call_chain_robust(struct raw_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val_up, unsigned long val_down, void *v) { return notifier_call_chain_robust(&nh->head, val_up, val_down, v); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(raw_notifier_call_chain_robust); /** * raw_notifier_call_chain - Call functions in a raw notifier chain * @nh: Pointer to head of the raw notifier chain * @val: Value passed unmodified to notifier function * @v: Pointer passed unmodified to notifier function * * Calls each function in a notifier chain in turn. The functions * run in an undefined context. * All locking must be provided by the caller. * * If the return value of the notifier can be and'ed * with %NOTIFY_STOP_MASK then raw_notifier_call_chain() * will return immediately, with the return value of * the notifier function which halted execution. * Otherwise the return value is the return value * of the last notifier function called. */ int raw_notifier_call_chain(struct raw_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val, void *v) { return notifier_call_chain(&nh->head, val, v, -1, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(raw_notifier_call_chain); #ifdef CONFIG_SRCU /* * SRCU notifier chain routines. Registration and unregistration * use a mutex, and call_chain is synchronized by SRCU (no locks). */ /** * srcu_notifier_chain_register - Add notifier to an SRCU notifier chain * @nh: Pointer to head of the SRCU notifier chain * @n: New entry in notifier chain * * Adds a notifier to an SRCU notifier chain. * Must be called in process context. * * Currently always returns zero. */ int srcu_notifier_chain_register(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *n) { int ret; /* * This code gets used during boot-up, when task switching is * not yet working and interrupts must remain disabled. At * such times we must not call mutex_lock(). */ if (unlikely(system_state == SYSTEM_BOOTING)) return notifier_chain_register(&nh->head, n); mutex_lock(&nh->mutex); ret = notifier_chain_register(&nh->head, n); mutex_unlock(&nh->mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(srcu_notifier_chain_register); /** * srcu_notifier_chain_unregister - Remove notifier from an SRCU notifier chain * @nh: Pointer to head of the SRCU notifier chain * @n: Entry to remove from notifier chain * * Removes a notifier from an SRCU notifier chain. * Must be called from process context. * * Returns zero on success or %-ENOENT on failure. */ int srcu_notifier_chain_unregister(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *n) { int ret; /* * This code gets used during boot-up, when task switching is * not yet working and interrupts must remain disabled. At * such times we must not call mutex_lock(). */ if (unlikely(system_state == SYSTEM_BOOTING)) return notifier_chain_unregister(&nh->head, n); mutex_lock(&nh->mutex); ret = notifier_chain_unregister(&nh->head, n); mutex_unlock(&nh->mutex); synchronize_srcu(&nh->srcu); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(srcu_notifier_chain_unregister); /** * srcu_notifier_call_chain - Call functions in an SRCU notifier chain * @nh: Pointer to head of the SRCU notifier chain * @val: Value passed unmodified to notifier function * @v: Pointer passed unmodified to notifier function * * Calls each function in a notifier chain in turn. The functions * run in a process context, so they are allowed to block. * * If the return value of the notifier can be and'ed * with %NOTIFY_STOP_MASK then srcu_notifier_call_chain() * will return immediately, with the return value of * the notifier function which halted execution. * Otherwise the return value is the return value * of the last notifier function called. */ int srcu_notifier_call_chain(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val, void *v) { int ret; int idx; idx = srcu_read_lock(&nh->srcu); ret = notifier_call_chain(&nh->head, val, v, -1, NULL); srcu_read_unlock(&nh->srcu, idx); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(srcu_notifier_call_chain); /** * srcu_init_notifier_head - Initialize an SRCU notifier head * @nh: Pointer to head of the srcu notifier chain * * Unlike other sorts of notifier heads, SRCU notifier heads require * dynamic initialization. Be sure to call this routine before * calling any of the other SRCU notifier routines for this head. * * If an SRCU notifier head is deallocated, it must first be cleaned * up by calling srcu_cleanup_notifier_head(). Otherwise the head's * per-cpu data (used by the SRCU mechanism) will leak. */ void srcu_init_notifier_head(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh) { mutex_init(&nh->mutex); if (init_srcu_struct(&nh->srcu) < 0) BUG(); nh->head = NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(srcu_init_notifier_head); #endif /* CONFIG_SRCU */ static ATOMIC_NOTIFIER_HEAD(die_chain); int notrace notify_die(enum die_val val, const char *str, struct pt_regs *regs, long err, int trap, int sig) { struct die_args args = { .regs = regs, .str = str, .err = err, .trapnr = trap, .signr = sig, }; RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "notify_die called but RCU thinks we're quiescent"); return atomic_notifier_call_chain(&die_chain, val, &args); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(notify_die); int register_die_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { return atomic_notifier_chain_register(&die_chain, nb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_die_notifier); int unregister_die_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { return atomic_notifier_chain_unregister(&die_chain, nb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_die_notifier);
1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Variant of atomic_t specialized for reference counts. * * The interface matches the atomic_t interface (to aid in porting) but only * provides the few functions one should use for reference counting. * * Saturation semantics * ==================== * * refcount_t differs from atomic_t in that the counter saturates at * REFCOUNT_SATURATED and will not move once there. This avoids wrapping the * counter and causing 'spurious' use-after-free issues. In order to avoid the * cost associated with introducing cmpxchg() loops into all of the saturating * operations, we temporarily allow the counter to take on an unchecked value * and then explicitly set it to REFCOUNT_SATURATED on detecting that underflow * or overflow has occurred. Although this is racy when multiple threads * access the refcount concurrently, by placing REFCOUNT_SATURATED roughly * equidistant from 0 and INT_MAX we minimise the scope for error: * * INT_MAX REFCOUNT_SATURATED UINT_MAX * 0 (0x7fff_ffff) (0xc000_0000) (0xffff_ffff) * +--------------------------------+----------------+----------------+ * <---------- bad value! ----------> * * (in a signed view of the world, the "bad value" range corresponds to * a negative counter value). * * As an example, consider a refcount_inc() operation that causes the counter * to overflow: * * int old = atomic_fetch_add_relaxed(r); * // old is INT_MAX, refcount now INT_MIN (0x8000_0000) * if (old < 0) * atomic_set(r, REFCOUNT_SATURATED); * * If another thread also performs a refcount_inc() operation between the two * atomic operations, then the count will continue to edge closer to 0. If it * reaches a value of 1 before /any/ of the threads reset it to the saturated * value, then a concurrent refcount_dec_and_test() may erroneously free the * underlying object. * Linux limits the maximum number of tasks to PID_MAX_LIMIT, which is currently * 0x400000 (and can't easily be raised in the future beyond FUTEX_TID_MASK). * With the current PID limit, if no batched refcounting operations are used and * the attacker can't repeatedly trigger kernel oopses in the middle of refcount * operations, this makes it impossible for a saturated refcount to leave the * saturation range, even if it is possible for multiple uses of the same * refcount to nest in the context of a single task: * * (UINT_MAX+1-REFCOUNT_SATURATED) / PID_MAX_LIMIT = * 0x40000000 / 0x400000 = 0x100 = 256 * * If hundreds of references are added/removed with a single refcounting * operation, it may potentially be possible to leave the saturation range; but * given the precise timing details involved with the round-robin scheduling of * each thread manipulating the refcount and the need to hit the race multiple * times in succession, there doesn't appear to be a practical avenue of attack * even if using refcount_add() operations with larger increments. * * Memory ordering * =============== * * Memory ordering rules are slightly relaxed wrt regular atomic_t functions * and provide only what is strictly required for refcounts. * * The increments are fully relaxed; these will not provide ordering. The * rationale is that whatever is used to obtain the object we're increasing the * reference count on will provide the ordering. For locked data structures, * its the lock acquire, for RCU/lockless data structures its the dependent * load. * * Do note that inc_not_zero() provides a control dependency which will order * future stores against the inc, this ensures we'll never modify the object * if we did not in fact acquire a reference. * * The decrements will provide release order, such that all the prior loads and * stores will be issued before, it also provides a control dependency, which * will order us against the subsequent free(). * * The control dependency is against the load of the cmpxchg (ll/sc) that * succeeded. This means the stores aren't fully ordered, but this is fine * because the 1->0 transition indicates no concurrency. * * Note that the allocator is responsible for ordering things between free() * and alloc(). * * The decrements dec_and_test() and sub_and_test() also provide acquire * ordering on success. * */ #ifndef _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H #define _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/spinlock_types.h> struct mutex; /** * struct refcount_t - variant of atomic_t specialized for reference counts * @refs: atomic_t counter field * * The counter saturates at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and will not move once * there. This avoids wrapping the counter and causing 'spurious' * use-after-free bugs. */ typedef struct refcount_struct { atomic_t refs; } refcount_t; #define REFCOUNT_INIT(n) { .refs = ATOMIC_INIT(n), } #define REFCOUNT_MAX INT_MAX #define REFCOUNT_SATURATED (INT_MIN / 2) enum refcount_saturation_type { REFCOUNT_ADD_NOT_ZERO_OVF, REFCOUNT_ADD_OVF, REFCOUNT_ADD_UAF, REFCOUNT_SUB_UAF, REFCOUNT_DEC_LEAK, }; void refcount_warn_saturate(refcount_t *r, enum refcount_saturation_type t); /** * refcount_set - set a refcount's value * @r: the refcount * @n: value to which the refcount will be set */ static inline void refcount_set(refcount_t *r, int n) { atomic_set(&r->refs, n); } /** * refcount_read - get a refcount's value * @r: the refcount * * Return: the refcount's value */ static inline unsigned int refcount_read(const refcount_t *r) { return atomic_read(&r->refs); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_add_not_zero(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = refcount_read(r); do { if (!old) break; } while (!atomic_try_cmpxchg_relaxed(&r->refs, &old, old + i)); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(old < 0 || old + i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_NOT_ZERO_OVF); return old; } /** * refcount_add_not_zero - add a value to a refcount unless it is 0 * @i: the value to add to the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_inc(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * increment a reference count. * * Return: false if the passed refcount is 0, true otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_add_not_zero(int i, refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_add_not_zero(i, r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_add(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_add_relaxed(i, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(!old)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_UAF); else if (unlikely(old < 0 || old + i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_OVF); } /** * refcount_add - add a value to a refcount * @i: the value to add to the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_add(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_inc(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * increment a reference count. */ static inline void refcount_add(int i, refcount_t *r) { __refcount_add(i, r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_inc_not_zero(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { return __refcount_add_not_zero(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_inc_not_zero - increment a refcount unless it is 0 * @r: the refcount to increment * * Similar to atomic_inc_not_zero(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED * and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Return: true if the increment was successful, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_inc_not_zero(refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_inc_not_zero(r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_inc(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { __refcount_add(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_inc - increment a refcount * @r: the refcount to increment * * Similar to atomic_inc(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller already has a * reference on the object. * * Will WARN if the refcount is 0, as this represents a possible use-after-free * condition. */ static inline void refcount_inc(refcount_t *r) { __refcount_inc(r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_sub_and_test(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_sub_release(i, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (old == i) { smp_acquire__after_ctrl_dep(); return true; } if (unlikely(old < 0 || old - i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_SUB_UAF); return false; } /** * refcount_sub_and_test - subtract from a refcount and test if it is 0 * @i: amount to subtract from the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec_and_test(), but it will WARN, return false and * ultimately leak on underflow and will fail to decrement when saturated * at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before, and provides an acquire ordering on success such that free() * must come after. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_dec(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * decrement a reference count. * * Return: true if the resulting refcount is 0, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_sub_and_test(int i, refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_sub_and_test(i, r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { return __refcount_sub_and_test(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_dec_and_test - decrement a refcount and test if it is 0 * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec_and_test(), it will WARN on underflow and fail to * decrement when saturated at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before, and provides an acquire ordering on success such that free() * must come after. * * Return: true if the resulting refcount is 0, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_dec_and_test(r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_dec(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_sub_release(1, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(old <= 1)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_DEC_LEAK); } /** * refcount_dec - decrement a refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec(), it will WARN on underflow and fail to decrement * when saturated at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before. */ static inline void refcount_dec(refcount_t *r) { __refcount_dec(r, NULL); } extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_if_one(refcount_t *r); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_not_one(refcount_t *r); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_mutex_lock(refcount_t *r, struct mutex *lock); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_lock(refcount_t *r, spinlock_t *lock); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_lock_irqsave(refcount_t *r, spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long *flags); #endif /* _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM filemap #if !defined(_TRACE_FILEMAP_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_FILEMAP_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/errseq.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_filemap_op_page_cache, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, pfn) __field(unsigned long, i_ino) __field(unsigned long, index) __field(dev_t, s_dev) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); __entry->i_ino = page->mapping->host->i_ino; __entry->index = page->index; if (page->mapping->host->i_sb) __entry->s_dev = page->mapping->host->i_sb->s_dev; else __entry->s_dev = page->mapping->host->i_rdev; ), TP_printk("dev %d:%d ino %lx page=%p pfn=%lu ofs=%lu", MAJOR(__entry->s_dev), MINOR(__entry->s_dev), __entry->i_ino, pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, __entry->index << PAGE_SHIFT) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_filemap_op_page_cache, mm_filemap_delete_from_page_cache, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_filemap_op_page_cache, mm_filemap_add_to_page_cache, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page) ); TRACE_EVENT(filemap_set_wb_err, TP_PROTO(struct address_space *mapping, errseq_t eseq), TP_ARGS(mapping, eseq), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, i_ino) __field(dev_t, s_dev) __field(errseq_t, errseq) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->i_ino = mapping->host->i_ino; __entry->errseq = eseq; if (mapping->host->i_sb) __entry->s_dev = mapping->host->i_sb->s_dev; else __entry->s_dev = mapping->host->i_rdev; ), TP_printk("dev=%d:%d ino=0x%lx errseq=0x%x", MAJOR(__entry->s_dev), MINOR(__entry->s_dev), __entry->i_ino, __entry->errseq) ); TRACE_EVENT(file_check_and_advance_wb_err, TP_PROTO(struct file *file, errseq_t old), TP_ARGS(file, old), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct file *, file) __field(unsigned long, i_ino) __field(dev_t, s_dev) __field(errseq_t, old) __field(errseq_t, new) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->file = file; __entry->i_ino = file->f_mapping->host->i_ino; if (file->f_mapping->host->i_sb) __entry->s_dev = file->f_mapping->host->i_sb->s_dev; else __entry->s_dev = file->f_mapping->host->i_rdev; __entry->old = old; __entry->new = file->f_wb_err; ), TP_printk("file=%p dev=%d:%d ino=0x%lx old=0x%x new=0x%x", __entry->file, MAJOR(__entry->s_dev), MINOR(__entry->s_dev), __entry->i_ino, __entry->old, __entry->new) ); #endif /* _TRACE_FILEMAP_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
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3021 3022 3023 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/locks.c * * Provide support for fcntl()'s F_GETLK, F_SETLK, and F_SETLKW calls. * Doug Evans (dje@spiff.uucp), August 07, 1992 * * Deadlock detection added. * FIXME: one thing isn't handled yet: * - mandatory locks (requires lots of changes elsewhere) * Kelly Carmichael (kelly@[142.24.8.65]), September 17, 1994. * * Miscellaneous edits, and a total rewrite of posix_lock_file() code. * Kai Petzke (wpp@marie.physik.tu-berlin.de), 1994 * * Converted file_lock_table to a linked list from an array, which eliminates * the limits on how many active file locks are open. * Chad Page (pageone@netcom.com), November 27, 1994 * * Removed dependency on file descriptors. dup()'ed file descriptors now * get the same locks as the original file descriptors, and a close() on * any file descriptor removes ALL the locks on the file for the current * process. Since locks still depend on the process id, locks are inherited * after an exec() but not after a fork(). This agrees with POSIX, and both * BSD and SVR4 practice. * Andy Walker (andy@lysaker.kvaerner.no), February 14, 1995 * * Scrapped free list which is redundant now that we allocate locks * dynamically with kmalloc()/kfree(). * Andy Walker (andy@lysaker.kvaerner.no), February 21, 1995 * * Implemented two lock personalities - FL_FLOCK and FL_POSIX. * * FL_POSIX locks are created with calls to fcntl() and lockf() through the * fcntl() system call. They have the semantics described above. * * FL_FLOCK locks are created with calls to flock(), through the flock() * system call, which is new. Old C libraries implement flock() via fcntl() * and will continue to use the old, broken implementation. * * FL_FLOCK locks follow the 4.4 BSD flock() semantics. They are associated * with a file pointer (filp). As a result they can be shared by a parent * process and its children after a fork(). They are removed when the last * file descriptor referring to the file pointer is closed (unless explicitly * unlocked). * * FL_FLOCK locks never deadlock, an existing lock is always removed before * upgrading from shared to exclusive (or vice versa). When this happens * any processes blocked by the current lock are woken up and allowed to * run before the new lock is applied. * Andy Walker (andy@lysaker.kvaerner.no), June 09, 1995 * * Removed some race conditions in flock_lock_file(), marked other possible * races. Just grep for FIXME to see them. * Dmitry Gorodchanin (pgmdsg@ibi.com), February 09, 1996. * * Addressed Dmitry's concerns. Deadlock checking no longer recursive. * Lock allocation changed to GFP_ATOMIC as we can't afford to sleep * once we've checked for blocking and deadlocking. * Andy Walker (andy@lysaker.kvaerner.no), April 03, 1996. * * Initial implementation of mandatory locks. SunOS turned out to be * a rotten model, so I implemented the "obvious" semantics. * See 'Documentation/filesystems/mandatory-locking.rst' for details. * Andy Walker (andy@lysaker.kvaerner.no), April 06, 1996. * * Don't allow mandatory locks on mmap()'ed files. Added simple functions to * check if a file has mandatory locks, used by mmap(), open() and creat() to * see if system call should be rejected. Ref. HP-UX/SunOS/Solaris Reference * Manual, Section 2. * Andy Walker (andy@lysaker.kvaerner.no), April 09, 1996. * * Tidied up block list handling. Added '/proc/locks' interface. * Andy Walker (andy@lysaker.kvaerner.no), April 24, 1996. * * Fixed deadlock condition for pathological code that mixes calls to * flock() and fcntl(). * Andy Walker (andy@lysaker.kvaerner.no), April 29, 1996. * * Allow only one type of locking scheme (FL_POSIX or FL_FLOCK) to be in use * for a given file at a time. Changed the CONFIG_LOCK_MANDATORY scheme to * guarantee sensible behaviour in the case where file system modules might * be compiled with different options than the kernel itself. * Andy Walker (andy@lysaker.kvaerner.no), May 15, 1996. * * Added a couple of missing wake_up() calls. Thanks to Thomas Meckel * (Thomas.Meckel@mni.fh-giessen.de) for spotting this. * Andy Walker (andy@lysaker.kvaerner.no), May 15, 1996. * * Changed FL_POSIX locks to use the block list in the same way as FL_FLOCK * locks. Changed process synchronisation to avoid dereferencing locks that * have already been freed. * Andy Walker (andy@lysaker.kvaerner.no), Sep 21, 1996. * * Made the block list a circular list to minimise searching in the list. * Andy Walker (andy@lysaker.kvaerner.no), Sep 25, 1996. * * Made mandatory locking a mount option. Default is not to allow mandatory * locking. * Andy Walker (andy@lysaker.kvaerner.no), Oct 04, 1996. * * Some adaptations for NFS support. * Olaf Kirch (okir@monad.swb.de), Dec 1996, * * Fixed /proc/locks interface so that we can't overrun the buffer we are handed. * Andy Walker (andy@lysaker.kvaerner.no), May 12, 1997. * * Use slab allocator instead of kmalloc/kfree. * Use generic list implementation from <linux/list.h>. * Sped up posix_locks_deadlock by only considering blocked locks. * Matthew Wilcox <willy@debian.org>, March, 2000. * * Leases and LOCK_MAND * Matthew Wilcox <willy@debian.org>, June, 2000. * Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>, June, 2000. * * Locking conflicts and dependencies: * If multiple threads attempt to lock the same byte (or flock the same file) * only one can be granted the lock, and other must wait their turn. * The first lock has been "applied" or "granted", the others are "waiting" * and are "blocked" by the "applied" lock.. * * Waiting and applied locks are all kept in trees whose properties are: * * - the root of a tree may be an applied or waiting lock. * - every other node in the tree is a waiting lock that * conflicts with every ancestor of that node. * * Every such tree begins life as a waiting singleton which obviously * satisfies the above properties. * * The only ways we modify trees preserve these properties: * * 1. We may add a new leaf node, but only after first verifying that it * conflicts with all of its ancestors. * 2. We may remove the root of a tree, creating a new singleton * tree from the root and N new trees rooted in the immediate * children. * 3. If the root of a tree is not currently an applied lock, we may * apply it (if possible). * 4. We may upgrade the root of the tree (either extend its range, * or upgrade its entire range from read to write). * * When an applied lock is modified in a way that reduces or downgrades any * part of its range, we remove all its children (2 above). This particularly * happens when a lock is unlocked. * * For each of those child trees we "wake up" the thread which is * waiting for the lock so it can continue handling as follows: if the * root of the tree applies, we do so (3). If it doesn't, it must * conflict with some applied lock. We remove (wake up) all of its children * (2), and add it is a new leaf to the tree rooted in the applied * lock (1). We then repeat the process recursively with those * children. * */ #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> #include <linux/hashtable.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/filelock.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #define IS_POSIX(fl) (fl->fl_flags & FL_POSIX) #define IS_FLOCK(fl) (fl->fl_flags & FL_FLOCK) #define IS_LEASE(fl) (fl->fl_flags & (FL_LEASE|FL_DELEG|FL_LAYOUT)) #define IS_OFDLCK(fl) (fl->fl_flags & FL_OFDLCK) #define IS_REMOTELCK(fl) (fl->fl_pid <= 0) static bool lease_breaking(struct file_lock *fl) { return fl->fl_flags & (FL_UNLOCK_PENDING | FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING); } static int target_leasetype(struct file_lock *fl) { if (fl->fl_flags & FL_UNLOCK_PENDING) return F_UNLCK; if (fl->fl_flags & FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING) return F_RDLCK; return fl->fl_type; } int leases_enable = 1; int lease_break_time = 45; /* * The global file_lock_list is only used for displaying /proc/locks, so we * keep a list on each CPU, with each list protected by its own spinlock. * Global serialization is done using file_rwsem. * * Note that alterations to the list also require that the relevant flc_lock is * held. */ struct file_lock_list_struct { spinlock_t lock; struct hlist_head hlist; }; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct file_lock_list_struct, file_lock_list); DEFINE_STATIC_PERCPU_RWSEM(file_rwsem); /* * The blocked_hash is used to find POSIX lock loops for deadlock detection. * It is protected by blocked_lock_lock. * * We hash locks by lockowner in order to optimize searching for the lock a * particular lockowner is waiting on. * * FIXME: make this value scale via some heuristic? We generally will want more * buckets when we have more lockowners holding locks, but that's a little * difficult to determine without knowing what the workload will look like. */ #define BLOCKED_HASH_BITS 7 static DEFINE_HASHTABLE(blocked_hash, BLOCKED_HASH_BITS); /* * This lock protects the blocked_hash. Generally, if you're accessing it, you * want to be holding this lock. * * In addition, it also protects the fl->fl_blocked_requests list, and the * fl->fl_blocker pointer for file_lock structures that are acting as lock * requests (in contrast to those that are acting as records of acquired locks). * * Note that when we acquire this lock in order to change the above fields, * we often hold the flc_lock as well. In certain cases, when reading the fields * protected by this lock, we can skip acquiring it iff we already hold the * flc_lock. */ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(blocked_lock_lock); static struct kmem_cache *flctx_cache __read_mostly; static struct kmem_cache *filelock_cache __read_mostly; static struct file_lock_context * locks_get_lock_context(struct inode *inode, int type) { struct file_lock_context *ctx; /* paired with cmpxchg() below */ ctx = smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_flctx); if (likely(ctx) || type == F_UNLCK) goto out; ctx = kmem_cache_alloc(flctx_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ctx) goto out; spin_lock_init(&ctx->flc_lock); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctx->flc_flock); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctx->flc_posix); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctx->flc_lease); /* * Assign the pointer if it's not already assigned. If it is, then * free the context we just allocated. */ if (cmpxchg(&inode->i_flctx, NULL, ctx)) { kmem_cache_free(flctx_cache, ctx); ctx = smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_flctx); } out: trace_locks_get_lock_context(inode, type, ctx); return ctx; } static void locks_dump_ctx_list(struct list_head *list, char *list_type) { struct file_lock *fl; list_for_each_entry(fl, list, fl_list) { pr_warn("%s: fl_owner=%p fl_flags=0x%x fl_type=0x%x fl_pid=%u\n", list_type, fl->fl_owner, fl->fl_flags, fl->fl_type, fl->fl_pid); } } static void locks_check_ctx_lists(struct inode *inode) { struct file_lock_context *ctx = inode->i_flctx; if (unlikely(!list_empty(&ctx->flc_flock) || !list_empty(&ctx->flc_posix) || !list_empty(&ctx->flc_lease))) { pr_warn("Leaked locks on dev=0x%x:0x%x ino=0x%lx:\n", MAJOR(inode->i_sb->s_dev), MINOR(inode->i_sb->s_dev), inode->i_ino); locks_dump_ctx_list(&ctx->flc_flock, "FLOCK"); locks_dump_ctx_list(&ctx->flc_posix, "POSIX"); locks_dump_ctx_list(&ctx->flc_lease, "LEASE"); } } static void locks_check_ctx_file_list(struct file *filp, struct list_head *list, char *list_type) { struct file_lock *fl; struct inode *inode = locks_inode(filp); list_for_each_entry(fl, list, fl_list) if (fl->fl_file == filp) pr_warn("Leaked %s lock on dev=0x%x:0x%x ino=0x%lx " " fl_owner=%p fl_flags=0x%x fl_type=0x%x fl_pid=%u\n", list_type, MAJOR(inode->i_sb->s_dev), MINOR(inode->i_sb->s_dev), inode->i_ino, fl->fl_owner, fl->fl_flags, fl->fl_type, fl->fl_pid); } void locks_free_lock_context(struct inode *inode) { struct file_lock_context *ctx = inode->i_flctx; if (unlikely(ctx)) { locks_check_ctx_lists(inode); kmem_cache_free(flctx_cache, ctx); } } static void locks_init_lock_heads(struct file_lock *fl) { INIT_HLIST_NODE(&fl->fl_link); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&fl->fl_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&fl->fl_blocked_requests); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&fl->fl_blocked_member); init_waitqueue_head(&fl->fl_wait); } /* Allocate an empty lock structure. */ struct file_lock *locks_alloc_lock(void) { struct file_lock *fl = kmem_cache_zalloc(filelock_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (fl) locks_init_lock_heads(fl); return fl; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(locks_alloc_lock); void locks_release_private(struct file_lock *fl) { BUG_ON(waitqueue_active(&fl->fl_wait)); BUG_ON(!list_empty(&fl->fl_list)); BUG_ON(!list_empty(&fl->fl_blocked_requests)); BUG_ON(!list_empty(&fl->fl_blocked_member)); BUG_ON(!hlist_unhashed(&fl->fl_link)); if (fl->fl_ops) { if (fl->fl_ops->fl_release_private) fl->fl_ops->fl_release_private(fl); fl->fl_ops = NULL; } if (fl->fl_lmops) { if (fl->fl_lmops->lm_put_owner) { fl->fl_lmops->lm_put_owner(fl->fl_owner); fl->fl_owner = NULL; } fl->fl_lmops = NULL; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(locks_release_private); /* Free a lock which is not in use. */ void locks_free_lock(struct file_lock *fl) { locks_release_private(fl); kmem_cache_free(filelock_cache, fl); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(locks_free_lock); static void locks_dispose_list(struct list_head *dispose) { struct file_lock *fl; while (!list_empty(dispose)) { fl = list_first_entry(dispose, struct file_lock, fl_list); list_del_init(&fl->fl_list); locks_free_lock(fl); } } void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *fl) { memset(fl, 0, sizeof(struct file_lock)); locks_init_lock_heads(fl); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(locks_init_lock); /* * Initialize a new lock from an existing file_lock structure. */ void locks_copy_conflock(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { new->fl_owner = fl->fl_owner; new->fl_pid = fl->fl_pid; new->fl_file = NULL; new->fl_flags = fl->fl_flags; new->fl_type = fl->fl_type; new->fl_start = fl->fl_start; new->fl_end = fl->fl_end; new->fl_lmops = fl->fl_lmops; new->fl_ops = NULL; if (fl->fl_lmops) { if (fl->fl_lmops->lm_get_owner) fl->fl_lmops->lm_get_owner(fl->fl_owner); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(locks_copy_conflock); void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { /* "new" must be a freshly-initialized lock */ WARN_ON_ONCE(new->fl_ops); locks_copy_conflock(new, fl); new->fl_file = fl->fl_file; new->fl_ops = fl->fl_ops; if (fl->fl_ops) { if (fl->fl_ops->fl_copy_lock) fl->fl_ops->fl_copy_lock(new, fl); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(locks_copy_lock); static void locks_move_blocks(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { struct file_lock *f; /* * As ctx->flc_lock is held, new requests cannot be added to * ->fl_blocked_requests, so we don't need a lock to check if it * is empty. */ if (list_empty(&fl->fl_blocked_requests)) return; spin_lock(&blocked_lock_lock); list_splice_init(&fl->fl_blocked_requests, &new->fl_blocked_requests); list_for_each_entry(f, &new->fl_blocked_requests, fl_blocked_member) f->fl_blocker = new; spin_unlock(&blocked_lock_lock); } static inline int flock_translate_cmd(int cmd) { if (cmd & LOCK_MAND) return cmd & (LOCK_MAND | LOCK_RW); switch (cmd) { case LOCK_SH: return F_RDLCK; case LOCK_EX: return F_WRLCK; case LOCK_UN: return F_UNLCK; } return -EINVAL; } /* Fill in a file_lock structure with an appropriate FLOCK lock. */ static struct file_lock * flock_make_lock(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, struct file_lock *fl) { int type = flock_translate_cmd(cmd); if (type < 0) return ERR_PTR(type); if (fl == NULL) { fl = locks_alloc_lock(); if (fl == NULL) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } else { locks_init_lock(fl); } fl->fl_file = filp; fl->fl_owner = filp; fl->fl_pid = current->tgid; fl->fl_flags = FL_FLOCK; fl->fl_type = type; fl->fl_end = OFFSET_MAX; return fl; } static int assign_type(struct file_lock *fl, long type) { switch (type) { case F_RDLCK: case F_WRLCK: case F_UNLCK: fl->fl_type = type; break; default: return -EINVAL; } return 0; } static int flock64_to_posix_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl, struct flock64 *l) { switch (l->l_whence) { case SEEK_SET: fl->fl_start = 0; break; case SEEK_CUR: fl->fl_start = filp->f_pos; break; case SEEK_END: fl->fl_start = i_size_read(file_inode(filp)); break; default: return -EINVAL; } if (l->l_start > OFFSET_MAX - fl->fl_start) return -EOVERFLOW; fl->fl_start += l->l_start; if (fl->fl_start < 0) return -EINVAL; /* POSIX-1996 leaves the case l->l_len < 0 undefined; POSIX-2001 defines it. */ if (l->l_len > 0) { if (l->l_len - 1 > OFFSET_MAX - fl->fl_start) return -EOVERFLOW; fl->fl_end = fl->fl_start + l->l_len - 1; } else if (l->l_len < 0) { if (fl->fl_start + l->l_len < 0) return -EINVAL; fl->fl_end = fl->fl_start - 1; fl->fl_start += l->l_len; } else fl->fl_end = OFFSET_MAX; fl->fl_owner = current->files; fl->fl_pid = current->tgid; fl->fl_file = filp; fl->fl_flags = FL_POSIX; fl->fl_ops = NULL; fl->fl_lmops = NULL; return assign_type(fl, l->l_type); } /* Verify a "struct flock" and copy it to a "struct file_lock" as a POSIX * style lock. */ static int flock_to_posix_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl, struct flock *l) { struct flock64 ll = { .l_type = l->l_type, .l_whence = l->l_whence, .l_start = l->l_start, .l_len = l->l_len, }; return flock64_to_posix_lock(filp, fl, &ll); } /* default lease lock manager operations */ static bool lease_break_callback(struct file_lock *fl) { kill_fasync(&fl->fl_fasync, SIGIO, POLL_MSG); return false; } static void lease_setup(struct file_lock *fl, void **priv) { struct file *filp = fl->fl_file; struct fasync_struct *fa = *priv; /* * fasync_insert_entry() returns the old entry if any. If there was no * old entry, then it used "priv" and inserted it into the fasync list. * Clear the pointer to indicate that it shouldn't be freed. */ if (!fasync_insert_entry(fa->fa_fd, filp, &fl->fl_fasync, fa)) *priv = NULL; __f_setown(filp, task_pid(current), PIDTYPE_TGID, 0); } static const struct lock_manager_operations lease_manager_ops = { .lm_break = lease_break_callback, .lm_change = lease_modify, .lm_setup = lease_setup, }; /* * Initialize a lease, use the default lock manager operations */ static int lease_init(struct file *filp, long type, struct file_lock *fl) { if (assign_type(fl, type) != 0) return -EINVAL; fl->fl_owner = filp; fl->fl_pid = current->tgid; fl->fl_file = filp; fl->fl_flags = FL_LEASE; fl->fl_start = 0; fl->fl_end = OFFSET_MAX; fl->fl_ops = NULL; fl->fl_lmops = &lease_manager_ops; return 0; } /* Allocate a file_lock initialised to this type of lease */ static struct file_lock *lease_alloc(struct file *filp, long type) { struct file_lock *fl = locks_alloc_lock(); int error = -ENOMEM; if (fl == NULL) return ERR_PTR(error); error = lease_init(filp, type, fl); if (error) { locks_free_lock(fl); return ERR_PTR(error); } return fl; } /* Check if two locks overlap each other. */ static inline int locks_overlap(struct file_lock *fl1, struct file_lock *fl2) { return ((fl1->fl_end >= fl2->fl_start) && (fl2->fl_end >= fl1->fl_start)); } /* * Check whether two locks have the same owner. */ static int posix_same_owner(struct file_lock *fl1, struct file_lock *fl2) { return fl1->fl_owner == fl2->fl_owner; } /* Must be called with the flc_lock held! */ static void locks_insert_global_locks(struct file_lock *fl) { struct file_lock_list_struct *fll = this_cpu_ptr(&file_lock_list); percpu_rwsem_assert_held(&file_rwsem); spin_lock(&fll->lock); fl->fl_link_cpu = smp_processor_id(); hlist_add_head(&fl->fl_link, &fll->hlist); spin_unlock(&fll->lock); } /* Must be called with the flc_lock held! */ static void locks_delete_global_locks(struct file_lock *fl) { struct file_lock_list_struct *fll; percpu_rwsem_assert_held(&file_rwsem); /* * Avoid taking lock if already unhashed. This is safe since this check * is done while holding the flc_lock, and new insertions into the list * also require that it be held. */ if (hlist_unhashed(&fl->fl_link)) return; fll = per_cpu_ptr(&file_lock_list, fl->fl_link_cpu); spin_lock(&fll->lock); hlist_del_init(&fl->fl_link); spin_unlock(&fll->lock); } static unsigned long posix_owner_key(struct file_lock *fl) { return (unsigned long)fl->fl_owner; } static void locks_insert_global_blocked(struct file_lock *waiter) { lockdep_assert_held(&blocked_lock_lock); hash_add(blocked_hash, &waiter->fl_link, posix_owner_key(waiter)); } static void locks_delete_global_blocked(struct file_lock *waiter) { lockdep_assert_held(&blocked_lock_lock); hash_del(&waiter->fl_link); } /* Remove waiter from blocker's block list. * When blocker ends up pointing to itself then the list is empty. * * Must be called with blocked_lock_lock held. */ static void __locks_delete_block(struct file_lock *waiter) { locks_delete_global_blocked(waiter); list_del_init(&waiter->fl_blocked_member); } static void __locks_wake_up_blocks(struct file_lock *blocker) { while (!list_empty(&blocker->fl_blocked_requests)) { struct file_lock *waiter; waiter = list_first_entry(&blocker->fl_blocked_requests, struct file_lock, fl_blocked_member); __locks_delete_block(waiter); if (waiter->fl_lmops && waiter->fl_lmops->lm_notify) waiter->fl_lmops->lm_notify(waiter); else wake_up(&waiter->fl_wait); /* * The setting of fl_blocker to NULL marks the "done" * point in deleting a block. Paired with acquire at the top * of locks_delete_block(). */ smp_store_release(&waiter->fl_blocker, NULL); } } /** * locks_delete_lock - stop waiting for a file lock * @waiter: the lock which was waiting * * lockd/nfsd need to disconnect the lock while working on it. */ int locks_delete_block(struct file_lock *waiter) { int status = -ENOENT; /* * If fl_blocker is NULL, it won't be set again as this thread "owns" * the lock and is the only one that might try to claim the lock. * * We use acquire/release to manage fl_blocker so that we can * optimize away taking the blocked_lock_lock in many cases. * * The smp_load_acquire guarantees two things: * * 1/ that fl_blocked_requests can be tested locklessly. If something * was recently added to that list it must have been in a locked region * *before* the locked region when fl_blocker was set to NULL. * * 2/ that no other thread is accessing 'waiter', so it is safe to free * it. __locks_wake_up_blocks is careful not to touch waiter after * fl_blocker is released. * * If a lockless check of fl_blocker shows it to be NULL, we know that * no new locks can be inserted into its fl_blocked_requests list, and * can avoid doing anything further if the list is empty. */ if (!smp_load_acquire(&waiter->fl_blocker) && list_empty(&waiter->fl_blocked_requests)) return status; spin_lock(&blocked_lock_lock); if (waiter->fl_blocker) status = 0; __locks_wake_up_blocks(waiter); __locks_delete_block(waiter); /* * The setting of fl_blocker to NULL marks the "done" point in deleting * a block. Paired with acquire at the top of this function. */ smp_store_release(&waiter->fl_blocker, NULL); spin_unlock(&blocked_lock_lock); return status; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(locks_delete_block); /* Insert waiter into blocker's block list. * We use a circular list so that processes can be easily woken up in * the order they blocked. The documentation doesn't require this but * it seems like the reasonable thing to do. * * Must be called with both the flc_lock and blocked_lock_lock held. The * fl_blocked_requests list itself is protected by the blocked_lock_lock, * but by ensuring that the flc_lock is also held on insertions we can avoid * taking the blocked_lock_lock in some cases when we see that the * fl_blocked_requests list is empty. * * Rather than just adding to the list, we check for conflicts with any existing * waiters, and add beneath any waiter that blocks the new waiter. * Thus wakeups don't happen until needed. */ static void __locks_insert_block(struct file_lock *blocker, struct file_lock *waiter, bool conflict(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *)) { struct file_lock *fl; BUG_ON(!list_empty(&waiter->fl_blocked_member)); new_blocker: list_for_each_entry(fl, &blocker->fl_blocked_requests, fl_blocked_member) if (conflict(fl, waiter)) { blocker = fl; goto new_blocker; } waiter->fl_blocker = blocker; list_add_tail(&waiter->fl_blocked_member, &blocker->fl_blocked_requests); if (IS_POSIX(blocker) && !IS_OFDLCK(blocker)) locks_insert_global_blocked(waiter); /* The requests in waiter->fl_blocked are known to conflict with * waiter, but might not conflict with blocker, or the requests * and lock which block it. So they all need to be woken. */ __locks_wake_up_blocks(waiter); } /* Must be called with flc_lock held. */ static void locks_insert_block(struct file_lock *blocker, struct file_lock *waiter, bool conflict(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *)) { spin_lock(&blocked_lock_lock); __locks_insert_block(blocker, waiter, conflict); spin_unlock(&blocked_lock_lock); } /* * Wake up processes blocked waiting for blocker. * * Must be called with the inode->flc_lock held! */ static void locks_wake_up_blocks(struct file_lock *blocker) { /* * Avoid taking global lock if list is empty. This is safe since new * blocked requests are only added to the list under the flc_lock, and * the flc_lock is always held here. Note that removal from the * fl_blocked_requests list does not require the flc_lock, so we must * recheck list_empty() after acquiring the blocked_lock_lock. */ if (list_empty(&blocker->fl_blocked_requests)) return; spin_lock(&blocked_lock_lock); __locks_wake_up_blocks(blocker); spin_unlock(&blocked_lock_lock); } static void locks_insert_lock_ctx(struct file_lock *fl, struct list_head *before) { list_add_tail(&fl->fl_list, before); locks_insert_global_locks(fl); } static void locks_unlink_lock_ctx(struct file_lock *fl) { locks_delete_global_locks(fl); list_del_init(&fl->fl_list); locks_wake_up_blocks(fl); } static void locks_delete_lock_ctx(struct file_lock *fl, struct list_head *dispose) { locks_unlink_lock_ctx(fl); if (dispose) list_add(&fl->fl_list, dispose); else locks_free_lock(fl); } /* Determine if lock sys_fl blocks lock caller_fl. Common functionality * checks for shared/exclusive status of overlapping locks. */ static bool locks_conflict(struct file_lock *caller_fl, struct file_lock *sys_fl) { if (sys_fl->fl_type == F_WRLCK) return true; if (caller_fl->fl_type == F_WRLCK) return true; return false; } /* Determine if lock sys_fl blocks lock caller_fl. POSIX specific * checking before calling the locks_conflict(). */ static bool posix_locks_conflict(struct file_lock *caller_fl, struct file_lock *sys_fl) { /* POSIX locks owned by the same process do not conflict with * each other. */ if (posix_same_owner(caller_fl, sys_fl)) return false; /* Check whether they overlap */ if (!locks_overlap(caller_fl, sys_fl)) return false; return locks_conflict(caller_fl, sys_fl); } /* Determine if lock sys_fl blocks lock caller_fl. FLOCK specific * checking before calling the locks_conflict(). */ static bool flock_locks_conflict(struct file_lock *caller_fl, struct file_lock *sys_fl) { /* FLOCK locks referring to the same filp do not conflict with * each other. */ if (caller_fl->fl_file == sys_fl->fl_file) return false; if ((caller_fl->fl_type & LOCK_MAND) || (sys_fl->fl_type & LOCK_MAND)) return false; return locks_conflict(caller_fl, sys_fl); } void posix_test_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { struct file_lock *cfl; struct file_lock_context *ctx; struct inode *inode = locks_inode(filp); ctx = smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_flctx); if (!ctx || list_empty_careful(&ctx->flc_posix)) { fl->fl_type = F_UNLCK; return; } spin_lock(&ctx->flc_lock); list_for_each_entry(cfl, &ctx->flc_posix, fl_list) { if (posix_locks_conflict(fl, cfl)) { locks_copy_conflock(fl, cfl); goto out; } } fl->fl_type = F_UNLCK; out: spin_unlock(&ctx->flc_lock); return; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(posix_test_lock); /* * Deadlock detection: * * We attempt to detect deadlocks that are due purely to posix file * locks. * * We assume that a task can be waiting for at most one lock at a time. * So for any acquired lock, the process holding that lock may be * waiting on at most one other lock. That lock in turns may be held by * someone waiting for at most one other lock. Given a requested lock * caller_fl which is about to wait for a conflicting lock block_fl, we * follow this chain of waiters to ensure we are not about to create a * cycle. * * Since we do this before we ever put a process to sleep on a lock, we * are ensured that there is never a cycle; that is what guarantees that * the while() loop in posix_locks_deadlock() eventually completes. * * Note: the above assumption may not be true when handling lock * requests from a broken NFS client. It may also fail in the presence * of tasks (such as posix threads) sharing the same open file table. * To handle those cases, we just bail out after a few iterations. * * For FL_OFDLCK locks, the owner is the filp, not the files_struct. * Because the owner is not even nominally tied to a thread of * execution, the deadlock detection below can't reasonably work well. Just * skip it for those. * * In principle, we could do a more limited deadlock detection on FL_OFDLCK * locks that just checks for the case where two tasks are attempting to * upgrade from read to write locks on the same inode. */ #define MAX_DEADLK_ITERATIONS 10 /* Find a lock that the owner of the given block_fl is blocking on. */ static struct file_lock *what_owner_is_waiting_for(struct file_lock *block_fl) { struct file_lock *fl; hash_for_each_possible(blocked_hash, fl, fl_link, posix_owner_key(block_fl)) { if (posix_same_owner(fl, block_fl)) { while (fl->fl_blocker) fl = fl->fl_blocker; return fl; } } return NULL; } /* Must be called with the blocked_lock_lock held! */ static int posix_locks_deadlock(struct file_lock *caller_fl, struct file_lock *block_fl) { int i = 0; lockdep_assert_held(&blocked_lock_lock); /* * This deadlock detector can't reasonably detect deadlocks with * FL_OFDLCK locks, since they aren't owned by a process, per-se. */ if (IS_OFDLCK(caller_fl)) return 0; while ((block_fl = what_owner_is_waiting_for(block_fl))) { if (i++ > MAX_DEADLK_ITERATIONS) return 0; if (posix_same_owner(caller_fl, block_fl)) return 1; } return 0; } /* Try to create a FLOCK lock on filp. We always insert new FLOCK locks * after any leases, but before any posix locks. * * Note that if called with an FL_EXISTS argument, the caller may determine * whether or not a lock was successfully freed by testing the return * value for -ENOENT. */ static int flock_lock_inode(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *request) { struct file_lock *new_fl = NULL; struct file_lock *fl; struct file_lock_context *ctx; int error = 0; bool found = false; LIST_HEAD(dispose); ctx = locks_get_lock_context(inode, request->fl_type); if (!ctx) { if (request->fl_type != F_UNLCK) return -ENOMEM; return (request->fl_flags & FL_EXISTS) ? -ENOENT : 0; } if (!(request->fl_flags & FL_ACCESS) && (request->fl_type != F_UNLCK)) { new_fl = locks_alloc_lock(); if (!new_fl) return -ENOMEM; } percpu_down_read(&file_rwsem); spin_lock(&ctx->flc_lock); if (request->fl_flags & FL_ACCESS) goto find_conflict; list_for_each_entry(fl, &ctx->flc_flock, fl_list) { if (request->fl_file != fl->fl_file) continue; if (request->fl_type == fl->fl_type) goto out; found = true; locks_delete_lock_ctx(fl, &dispose); break; } if (request->fl_type == F_UNLCK) { if ((request->fl_flags & FL_EXISTS) && !found) error = -ENOENT; goto out; } find_conflict: list_for_each_entry(fl, &ctx->flc_flock, fl_list) { if (!flock_locks_conflict(request, fl)) continue; error = -EAGAIN; if (!(request->fl_flags & FL_SLEEP)) goto out; error = FILE_LOCK_DEFERRED; locks_insert_block(fl, request, flock_locks_conflict); goto out; } if (request->fl_flags & FL_ACCESS) goto out; locks_copy_lock(new_fl, request); locks_move_blocks(new_fl, request); locks_insert_lock_ctx(new_fl, &ctx->flc_flock); new_fl = NULL; error = 0; out: spin_unlock(&ctx->flc_lock); percpu_up_read(&file_rwsem); if (new_fl) locks_free_lock(new_fl); locks_dispose_list(&dispose); trace_flock_lock_inode(inode, request, error); return error; } static int posix_lock_inode(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *request, struct file_lock *conflock) { struct file_lock *fl, *tmp; struct file_lock *new_fl = NULL; struct file_lock *new_fl2 = NULL; struct file_lock *left = NULL; struct file_lock *right = NULL; struct file_lock_context *ctx; int error; bool added = false; LIST_HEAD(dispose); ctx = locks_get_lock_context(inode, request->fl_type); if (!ctx) return (request->fl_type == F_UNLCK) ? 0 : -ENOMEM; /* * We may need two file_lock structures for this operation, * so we get them in advance to avoid races. * * In some cases we can be sure, that no new locks will be needed */ if (!(request->fl_flags & FL_ACCESS) && (request->fl_type != F_UNLCK || request->fl_start != 0 || request->fl_end != OFFSET_MAX)) { new_fl = locks_alloc_lock(); new_fl2 = locks_alloc_lock(); } percpu_down_read(&file_rwsem); spin_lock(&ctx->flc_lock); /* * New lock request. Walk all POSIX locks and look for conflicts. If * there are any, either return error or put the request on the * blocker's list of waiters and the global blocked_hash. */ if (request->fl_type != F_UNLCK) { list_for_each_entry(fl, &ctx->flc_posix, fl_list) { if (!posix_locks_conflict(request, fl)) continue; if (conflock) locks_copy_conflock(conflock, fl); error = -EAGAIN; if (!(request->fl_flags & FL_SLEEP)) goto out; /* * Deadlock detection and insertion into the blocked * locks list must be done while holding the same lock! */ error = -EDEADLK; spin_lock(&blocked_lock_lock); /* * Ensure that we don't find any locks blocked on this * request during deadlock detection. */ __locks_wake_up_blocks(request); if (likely(!posix_locks_deadlock(request, fl))) { error = FILE_LOCK_DEFERRED; __locks_insert_block(fl, request, posix_locks_conflict); } spin_unlock(&blocked_lock_lock); goto out; } } /* If we're just looking for a conflict, we're done. */ error = 0; if (request->fl_flags & FL_ACCESS) goto out; /* Find the first old lock with the same owner as the new lock */ list_for_each_entry(fl, &ctx->flc_posix, fl_list) { if (posix_same_owner(request, fl)) break; } /* Process locks with this owner. */ list_for_each_entry_safe_from(fl, tmp, &ctx->flc_posix, fl_list) { if (!posix_same_owner(request, fl)) break; /* Detect adjacent or overlapping regions (if same lock type) */ if (request->fl_type == fl->fl_type) { /* In all comparisons of start vs end, use * "start - 1" rather than "end + 1". If end * is OFFSET_MAX, end + 1 will become negative. */ if (fl->fl_end < request->fl_start - 1) continue; /* If the next lock in the list has entirely bigger * addresses than the new one, insert the lock here. */ if (fl->fl_start - 1 > request->fl_end) break; /* If we come here, the new and old lock are of the * same type and adjacent or overlapping. Make one * lock yielding from the lower start address of both * locks to the higher end address. */ if (fl->fl_start > request->fl_start) fl->fl_start = request->fl_start; else request->fl_start = fl->fl_start; if (fl->fl_end < request->fl_end) fl->fl_end = request->fl_end; else request->fl_end = fl->fl_end; if (added) { locks_delete_lock_ctx(fl, &dispose); continue; } request = fl; added = true; } else { /* Processing for different lock types is a bit * more complex. */ if (fl->fl_end < request->fl_start) continue; if (fl->fl_start > request->fl_end) break; if (request->fl_type == F_UNLCK) added = true; if (fl->fl_start < request->fl_start) left = fl; /* If the next lock in the list has a higher end * address than the new one, insert the new one here. */ if (fl->fl_end > request->fl_end) { right = fl; break; } if (fl->fl_start >= request->fl_start) { /* The new lock completely replaces an old * one (This may happen several times). */ if (added) { locks_delete_lock_ctx(fl, &dispose); continue; } /* * Replace the old lock with new_fl, and * remove the old one. It's safe to do the * insert here since we know that we won't be * using new_fl later, and that the lock is * just replacing an existing lock. */ error = -ENOLCK; if (!new_fl) goto out; locks_copy_lock(new_fl, request); locks_move_blocks(new_fl, request); request = new_fl; new_fl = NULL; locks_insert_lock_ctx(request, &fl->fl_list); locks_delete_lock_ctx(fl, &dispose); added = true; } } } /* * The above code only modifies existing locks in case of merging or * replacing. If new lock(s) need to be inserted all modifications are * done below this, so it's safe yet to bail out. */ error = -ENOLCK; /* "no luck" */ if (right && left == right && !new_fl2) goto out; error = 0; if (!added) { if (request->fl_type == F_UNLCK) { if (request->fl_flags & FL_EXISTS) error = -ENOENT; goto out; } if (!new_fl) { error = -ENOLCK; goto out; } locks_copy_lock(new_fl, request); locks_move_blocks(new_fl, request); locks_insert_lock_ctx(new_fl, &fl->fl_list); fl = new_fl; new_fl = NULL; } if (right) { if (left == right) { /* The new lock breaks the old one in two pieces, * so we have to use the second new lock. */ left = new_fl2; new_fl2 = NULL; locks_copy_lock(left, right); locks_insert_lock_ctx(left, &fl->fl_list); } right->fl_start = request->fl_end + 1; locks_wake_up_blocks(right); } if (left) { left->fl_end = request->fl_start - 1; locks_wake_up_blocks(left); } out: spin_unlock(&ctx->flc_lock); percpu_up_read(&file_rwsem); /* * Free any unused locks. */ if (new_fl) locks_free_lock(new_fl); if (new_fl2) locks_free_lock(new_fl2); locks_dispose_list(&dispose); trace_posix_lock_inode(inode, request, error); return error; } /** * posix_lock_file - Apply a POSIX-style lock to a file * @filp: The file to apply the lock to * @fl: The lock to be applied * @conflock: Place to return a copy of the conflicting lock, if found. * * Add a POSIX style lock to a file. * We merge adjacent & overlapping locks whenever possible. * POSIX locks are sorted by owner task, then by starting address * * Note that if called with an FL_EXISTS argument, the caller may determine * whether or not a lock was successfully freed by testing the return * value for -ENOENT. */ int posix_lock_file(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl, struct file_lock *conflock) { return posix_lock_inode(locks_inode(filp), fl, conflock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(posix_lock_file); /** * posix_lock_inode_wait - Apply a POSIX-style lock to a file * @inode: inode of file to which lock request should be applied * @fl: The lock to be applied * * Apply a POSIX style lock request to an inode. */ static int posix_lock_inode_wait(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl) { int error; might_sleep (); for (;;) { error = posix_lock_inode(inode, fl, NULL); if (error != FILE_LOCK_DEFERRED) break; error = wait_event_interruptible(fl->fl_wait, list_empty(&fl->fl_blocked_member)); if (error) break; } locks_delete_block(fl); return error; } #ifdef CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING /** * locks_mandatory_locked - Check for an active lock * @file: the file to check * * Searches the inode's list of locks to find any POSIX locks which conflict. * This function is called from locks_verify_locked() only. */ int locks_mandatory_locked(struct file *file) { int ret; struct inode *inode = locks_inode(file); struct file_lock_context *ctx; struct file_lock *fl; ctx = smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_flctx); if (!ctx || list_empty_careful(&ctx->flc_posix)) return 0; /* * Search the lock list for this inode for any POSIX locks. */ spin_lock(&ctx->flc_lock); ret = 0; list_for_each_entry(fl, &ctx->flc_posix, fl_list) { if (fl->fl_owner != current->files && fl->fl_owner != file) { ret = -EAGAIN; break; } } spin_unlock(&ctx->flc_lock); return ret; } /** * locks_mandatory_area - Check for a conflicting lock * @inode: the file to check * @filp: how the file was opened (if it was) * @start: first byte in the file to check * @end: lastbyte in the file to check * @type: %F_WRLCK for a write lock, else %F_RDLCK * * Searches the inode's list of locks to find any POSIX locks which conflict. */ int locks_mandatory_area(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp, loff_t start, loff_t end, unsigned char type) { struct file_lock fl; int error; bool sleep = false; locks_init_lock(&fl); fl.fl_pid = current->tgid; fl.fl_file = filp; fl.fl_flags = FL_POSIX | FL_ACCESS; if (filp && !(filp->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)) sleep = true; fl.fl_type = type; fl.fl_start = start; fl.fl_end = end; for (;;) { if (filp) { fl.fl_owner = filp; fl.fl_flags &= ~FL_SLEEP; error = posix_lock_inode(inode, &fl, NULL); if (!error) break; } if (sleep) fl.fl_flags |= FL_SLEEP; fl.fl_owner = current->files; error = posix_lock_inode(inode, &fl, NULL); if (error != FILE_LOCK_DEFERRED) break; error = wait_event_interruptible(fl.fl_wait, list_empty(&fl.fl_blocked_member)); if (!error) { /* * If we've been sleeping someone might have * changed the permissions behind our back. */ if (__mandatory_lock(inode)) continue; } break; } locks_delete_block(&fl); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(locks_mandatory_area); #endif /* CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING */ static void lease_clear_pending(struct file_lock *fl, int arg) { switch (arg) { case F_UNLCK: fl->fl_flags &= ~FL_UNLOCK_PENDING; fallthrough; case F_RDLCK: fl->fl_flags &= ~FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING; } } /* We already had a lease on this file; just change its type */ int lease_modify(struct file_lock *fl, int arg, struct list_head *dispose) { int error = assign_type(fl, arg); if (error) return error; lease_clear_pending(fl, arg); locks_wake_up_blocks(fl); if (arg == F_UNLCK) { struct file *filp = fl->fl_file; f_delown(filp); filp->f_owner.signum = 0; fasync_helper(0, fl->fl_file, 0, &fl->fl_fasync); if (fl->fl_fasync != NULL) { printk(KERN_ERR "locks_delete_lock: fasync == %p\n", fl->fl_fasync); fl->fl_fasync = NULL; } locks_delete_lock_ctx(fl, dispose); } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lease_modify); static bool past_time(unsigned long then) { if (!then) /* 0 is a special value meaning "this never expires": */ return false; return time_after(jiffies, then); } static void time_out_leases(struct inode *inode, struct list_head *dispose) { struct file_lock_context *ctx = inode->i_flctx; struct file_lock *fl, *tmp; lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->flc_lock); list_for_each_entry_safe(fl, tmp, &ctx->flc_lease, fl_list) { trace_time_out_leases(inode, fl); if (past_time(fl->fl_downgrade_time)) lease_modify(fl, F_RDLCK, dispose); if (past_time(fl->fl_break_time)) lease_modify(fl, F_UNLCK, dispose); } } static bool leases_conflict(struct file_lock *lease, struct file_lock *breaker) { bool rc; if (lease->fl_lmops->lm_breaker_owns_lease && lease->fl_lmops->lm_breaker_owns_lease(lease)) return false; if ((breaker->fl_flags & FL_LAYOUT) != (lease->fl_flags & FL_LAYOUT)) { rc = false; goto trace; } if ((breaker->fl_flags & FL_DELEG) && (lease->fl_flags & FL_LEASE)) { rc = false; goto trace; } rc = locks_conflict(breaker, lease); trace: trace_leases_conflict(rc, lease, breaker); return rc; } static bool any_leases_conflict(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *breaker) { struct file_lock_context *ctx = inode->i_flctx; struct file_lock *fl; lockdep_assert_held(&ctx->flc_lock); list_for_each_entry(fl, &ctx->flc_lease, fl_list) { if (leases_conflict(fl, breaker)) return true; } return false; } /** * __break_lease - revoke all outstanding leases on file * @inode: the inode of the file to return * @mode: O_RDONLY: break only write leases; O_WRONLY or O_RDWR: * break all leases * @type: FL_LEASE: break leases and delegations; FL_DELEG: break * only delegations * * break_lease (inlined for speed) has checked there already is at least * some kind of lock (maybe a lease) on this file. Leases are broken on * a call to open() or truncate(). This function can sleep unless you * specified %O_NONBLOCK to your open(). */ int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode, unsigned int type) { int error = 0; struct file_lock_context *ctx; struct file_lock *new_fl, *fl, *tmp; unsigned long break_time; int want_write = (mode & O_ACCMODE) != O_RDONLY; LIST_HEAD(dispose); new_fl = lease_alloc(NULL, want_write ? F_WRLCK : F_RDLCK); if (IS_ERR(new_fl)) return PTR_ERR(new_fl); new_fl->fl_flags = type; /* typically we will check that ctx is non-NULL before calling */ ctx = smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_flctx); if (!ctx) { WARN_ON_ONCE(1); goto free_lock; } percpu_down_read(&file_rwsem); spin_lock(&ctx->flc_lock); time_out_leases(inode, &dispose); if (!any_leases_conflict(inode, new_fl)) goto out; break_time = 0; if (lease_break_time > 0) { break_time = jiffies + lease_break_time * HZ; if (break_time == 0) break_time++; /* so that 0 means no break time */ } list_for_each_entry_safe(fl, tmp, &ctx->flc_lease, fl_list) { if (!leases_conflict(fl, new_fl)) continue; if (want_write) { if (fl->fl_flags & FL_UNLOCK_PENDING) continue; fl->fl_flags |= FL_UNLOCK_PENDING; fl->fl_break_time = break_time; } else { if (lease_breaking(fl)) continue; fl->fl_flags |= FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING; fl->fl_downgrade_time = break_time; } if (fl->fl_lmops->lm_break(fl)) locks_delete_lock_ctx(fl, &dispose); } if (list_empty(&ctx->flc_lease)) goto out; if (mode & O_NONBLOCK) { trace_break_lease_noblock(inode, new_fl); error = -EWOULDBLOCK; goto out; } restart: fl = list_first_entry(&ctx->flc_lease, struct file_lock, fl_list); break_time = fl->fl_break_time; if (break_time != 0) break_time -= jiffies; if (break_time == 0) break_time++; locks_insert_block(fl, new_fl, leases_conflict); trace_break_lease_block(inode, new_fl); spin_unlock(&ctx->flc_lock); percpu_up_read(&file_rwsem); locks_dispose_list(&dispose); error = wait_event_interruptible_timeout(new_fl->fl_wait, list_empty(&new_fl->fl_blocked_member), break_time); percpu_down_read(&file_rwsem); spin_lock(&ctx->flc_lock); trace_break_lease_unblock(inode, new_fl); locks_delete_block(new_fl); if (error >= 0) { /* * Wait for the next conflicting lease that has not been * broken yet */ if (error == 0) time_out_leases(inode, &dispose); if (any_leases_conflict(inode, new_fl)) goto restart; error = 0; } out: spin_unlock(&ctx->flc_lock); percpu_up_read(&file_rwsem); locks_dispose_list(&dispose); free_lock: locks_free_lock(new_fl); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__break_lease); /** * lease_get_mtime - update modified time of an inode with exclusive lease * @inode: the inode * @time: pointer to a timespec which contains the last modified time * * This is to force NFS clients to flush their caches for files with * exclusive leases. The justification is that if someone has an * exclusive lease, then they could be modifying it. */ void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *time) { bool has_lease = false; struct file_lock_context *ctx; struct file_lock *fl; ctx = smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_flctx); if (ctx && !list_empty_careful(&ctx->flc_lease)) { spin_lock(&ctx->flc_lock); fl = list_first_entry_or_null(&ctx->flc_lease, struct file_lock, fl_list); if (fl && (fl->fl_type == F_WRLCK)) has_lease = true; spin_unlock(&ctx->flc_lock); } if (has_lease) *time = current_time(inode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lease_get_mtime); /** * fcntl_getlease - Enquire what lease is currently active * @filp: the file * * The value returned by this function will be one of * (if no lease break is pending): * * %F_RDLCK to indicate a shared lease is held. * * %F_WRLCK to indicate an exclusive lease is held. * * %F_UNLCK to indicate no lease is held. * * (if a lease break is pending): * * %F_RDLCK to indicate an exclusive lease needs to be * changed to a shared lease (or removed). * * %F_UNLCK to indicate the lease needs to be removed. * * XXX: sfr & willy disagree over whether F_INPROGRESS * should be returned to userspace. */ int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp) { struct file_lock *fl; struct inode *inode = locks_inode(filp); struct file_lock_context *ctx; int type = F_UNLCK; LIST_HEAD(dispose); ctx = smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_flctx); if (ctx && !list_empty_careful(&ctx->flc_lease)) { percpu_down_read(&file_rwsem); spin_lock(&ctx->flc_lock); time_out_leases(inode, &dispose); list_for_each_entry(fl, &ctx->flc_lease, fl_list) { if (fl->fl_file != filp) continue; type = target_leasetype(fl); break; } spin_unlock(&ctx->flc_lock); percpu_up_read(&file_rwsem); locks_dispose_list(&dispose); } return type; } /** * check_conflicting_open - see if the given file points to an inode that has * an existing open that would conflict with the * desired lease. * @filp: file to check * @arg: type of lease that we're trying to acquire * @flags: current lock flags * * Check to see if there's an existing open fd on this file that would * conflict with the lease we're trying to set. */ static int check_conflicting_open(struct file *filp, const long arg, int flags) { struct inode *inode = locks_inode(filp); int self_wcount = 0, self_rcount = 0; if (flags & FL_LAYOUT) return 0; if (arg == F_RDLCK) return inode_is_open_for_write(inode) ? -EAGAIN : 0; else if (arg != F_WRLCK) return 0; /* * Make sure that only read/write count is from lease requestor. * Note that this will result in denying write leases when i_writecount * is negative, which is what we want. (We shouldn't grant write leases * on files open for execution.) */ if (filp->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) self_wcount = 1; else if (filp->f_mode & FMODE_READ) self_rcount = 1; if (atomic_read(&inode->i_writecount) != self_wcount || atomic_read(&inode->i_readcount) != self_rcount) return -EAGAIN; return 0; } static int generic_add_lease(struct file *filp, long arg, struct file_lock **flp, void **priv) { struct file_lock *fl, *my_fl = NULL, *lease; struct inode *inode = locks_inode(filp); struct file_lock_context *ctx; bool is_deleg = (*flp)->fl_flags & FL_DELEG; int error; LIST_HEAD(dispose); lease = *flp; trace_generic_add_lease(inode, lease); /* Note that arg is never F_UNLCK here */ ctx = locks_get_lock_context(inode, arg); if (!ctx) return -ENOMEM; /* * In the delegation case we need mutual exclusion with * a number of operations that take the i_mutex. We trylock * because delegations are an optional optimization, and if * there's some chance of a conflict--we'd rather not * bother, maybe that's a sign this just isn't a good file to * hand out a delegation on. */ if (is_deleg && !inode_trylock(inode)) return -EAGAIN; if (is_deleg && arg == F_WRLCK) { /* Write delegations are not currently supported: */ inode_unlock(inode); WARN_ON_ONCE(1); return -EINVAL; } percpu_down_read(&file_rwsem); spin_lock(&ctx->flc_lock); time_out_leases(inode, &dispose); error = check_conflicting_open(filp, arg, lease->fl_flags); if (error) goto out; /* * At this point, we know that if there is an exclusive * lease on this file, then we hold it on this filp * (otherwise our open of this file would have blocked). * And if we are trying to acquire an exclusive lease, * then the file is not open by anyone (including us) * except for this filp. */ error = -EAGAIN; list_for_each_entry(fl, &ctx->flc_lease, fl_list) { if (fl->fl_file == filp && fl->fl_owner == lease->fl_owner) { my_fl = fl; continue; } /* * No exclusive leases if someone else has a lease on * this file: */ if (arg == F_WRLCK) goto out; /* * Modifying our existing lease is OK, but no getting a * new lease if someone else is opening for write: */ if (fl->fl_flags & FL_UNLOCK_PENDING) goto out; } if (my_fl != NULL) { lease = my_fl; error = lease->fl_lmops->lm_change(lease, arg, &dispose); if (error) goto out; goto out_setup; } error = -EINVAL; if (!leases_enable) goto out; locks_insert_lock_ctx(lease, &ctx->flc_lease); /* * The check in break_lease() is lockless. It's possible for another * open to race in after we did the earlier check for a conflicting * open but before the lease was inserted. Check again for a * conflicting open and cancel the lease if there is one. * * We also add a barrier here to ensure that the insertion of the lock * precedes these checks. */ smp_mb(); error = check_conflicting_open(filp, arg, lease->fl_flags); if (error) { locks_unlink_lock_ctx(lease); goto out; } out_setup: if (lease->fl_lmops->lm_setup)