1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * net/dst.h Protocol independent destination cache definitions. * * Authors: Alexey Kuznetsov, <kuznet@ms2.inr.ac.ru> * */ #ifndef _NET_DST_H #define _NET_DST_H #include <net/dst_ops.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <net/neighbour.h> #include <asm/processor.h> struct sk_buff; struct dst_entry { struct net_device *dev; struct dst_ops *ops; unsigned long _metrics; unsigned long expires; #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM struct xfrm_state *xfrm; #else void *__pad1; #endif int (*input)(struct sk_buff *); int (*output)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); unsigned short flags; #define DST_NOXFRM 0x0002 #define DST_NOPOLICY 0x0004 #define DST_NOCOUNT 0x0008 #define DST_FAKE_RTABLE 0x0010 #define DST_XFRM_TUNNEL 0x0020 #define DST_XFRM_QUEUE 0x0040 #define DST_METADATA 0x0080 /* A non-zero value of dst->obsolete forces by-hand validation * of the route entry. Positive values are set by the generic * dst layer to indicate that the entry has been forcefully * destroyed. * * Negative values are used by the implementation layer code to * force invocation of the dst_ops->check() method. */ short obsolete; #define DST_OBSOLETE_NONE 0 #define DST_OBSOLETE_DEAD 2 #define DST_OBSOLETE_FORCE_CHK -1 #define DST_OBSOLETE_KILL -2 unsigned short header_len; /* more space at head required */ unsigned short trailer_len; /* space to reserve at tail */ /* * __refcnt wants to be on a different cache line from * input/output/ops or performance tanks badly */ #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT atomic_t __refcnt; /* 64-bit offset 64 */ #endif int __use; unsigned long lastuse; struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate; struct rcu_head rcu_head; short error; short __pad; __u32 tclassid; #ifndef CONFIG_64BIT atomic_t __refcnt; /* 32-bit offset 64 */ #endif }; struct dst_metrics { u32 metrics[RTAX_MAX]; refcount_t refcnt; } __aligned(4); /* Low pointer bits contain DST_METRICS_FLAGS */ extern const struct dst_metrics dst_default_metrics; u32 *dst_cow_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old); #define DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY 0x1UL #define DST_METRICS_REFCOUNTED 0x2UL #define DST_METRICS_FLAGS 0x3UL #define __DST_METRICS_PTR(Y) \ ((u32 *)((Y) & ~DST_METRICS_FLAGS)) #define DST_METRICS_PTR(X) __DST_METRICS_PTR((X)->_metrics) static inline bool dst_metrics_read_only(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst->_metrics & DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY; } void __dst_destroy_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old); static inline void dst_destroy_metrics_generic(struct dst_entry *dst) { unsigned long val = dst->_metrics; if (!(val & DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY)) __dst_destroy_metrics_generic(dst, val); } static inline u32 *dst_metrics_write_ptr(struct dst_entry *dst) { unsigned long p = dst->_metrics; BUG_ON(!p); if (p & DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY) return dst->ops->cow_metrics(dst, p); return __DST_METRICS_PTR(p); } /* This may only be invoked before the entry has reached global * visibility. */ static inline void dst_init_metrics(struct dst_entry *dst, const u32 *src_metrics, bool read_only) { dst->_metrics = ((unsigned long) src_metrics) | (read_only ? DST_METRICS_READ_ONLY : 0); } static inline void dst_copy_metrics(struct dst_entry *dest, const struct dst_entry *src) { u32 *dst_metrics = dst_metrics_write_ptr(dest); if (dst_metrics) { u32 *src_metrics = DST_METRICS_PTR(src); memcpy(dst_metrics, src_metrics, RTAX_MAX * sizeof(u32)); } } static inline u32 *dst_metrics_ptr(struct dst_entry *dst) { return DST_METRICS_PTR(dst); } static inline u32 dst_metric_raw(const struct dst_entry *dst, const int metric) { u32 *p = DST_METRICS_PTR(dst); return p[metric-1]; } static inline u32 dst_metric(const struct dst_entry *dst, const int metric) { WARN_ON_ONCE(metric == RTAX_HOPLIMIT || metric == RTAX_ADVMSS || metric == RTAX_MTU); return dst_metric_raw(dst, metric); } static inline u32 dst_metric_advmss(const struct dst_entry *dst) { u32 advmss = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_ADVMSS); if (!advmss) advmss = dst->ops->default_advmss(dst); return advmss; } static inline void dst_metric_set(struct dst_entry *dst, int metric, u32 val) { u32 *p = dst_metrics_write_ptr(dst); if (p) p[metric-1] = val; } /* Kernel-internal feature bits that are unallocated in user space. */ #define DST_FEATURE_ECN_CA (1U << 31) #define DST_FEATURE_MASK (DST_FEATURE_ECN_CA) #define DST_FEATURE_ECN_MASK (DST_FEATURE_ECN_CA | RTAX_FEATURE_ECN) static inline u32 dst_feature(const struct dst_entry *dst, u32 feature) { return dst_metric(dst, RTAX_FEATURES) & feature; } static inline u32 dst_mtu(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst->ops->mtu(dst); } /* RTT metrics are stored in milliseconds for user ABI, but used as jiffies */ static inline unsigned long dst_metric_rtt(const struct dst_entry *dst, int metric) { return msecs_to_jiffies(dst_metric(dst, metric)); } static inline u32 dst_allfrag(const struct dst_entry *dst) { int ret = dst_feature(dst, RTAX_FEATURE_ALLFRAG); return ret; } static inline int dst_metric_locked(const struct dst_entry *dst, int metric) { return dst_metric(dst, RTAX_LOCK) & (1 << metric); } static inline void dst_hold(struct dst_entry *dst) { /* * If your kernel compilation stops here, please check * the placement of __refcnt in struct dst_entry */ BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct dst_entry, __refcnt) & 63); WARN_ON(atomic_inc_not_zero(&dst->__refcnt) == 0); } static inline void dst_use_noref(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long time) { if (unlikely(time != dst->lastuse)) { dst->__use++; dst->lastuse = time; } } static inline void dst_hold_and_use(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long time) { dst_hold(dst); dst_use_noref(dst, time); } static inline struct dst_entry *dst_clone(struct dst_entry *dst) { if (dst) dst_hold(dst); return dst; } void dst_release(struct dst_entry *dst); void dst_release_immediate(struct dst_entry *dst); static inline void refdst_drop(unsigned long refdst) { if (!(refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF)) dst_release((struct dst_entry *)(refdst & SKB_DST_PTRMASK)); } /** * skb_dst_drop - drops skb dst * @skb: buffer * * Drops dst reference count if a reference was taken. */ static inline void skb_dst_drop(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->_skb_refdst) { refdst_drop(skb->_skb_refdst); skb->_skb_refdst = 0UL; } } static inline void __skb_dst_copy(struct sk_buff *nskb, unsigned long refdst) { nskb->_skb_refdst = refdst; if (!(nskb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF)) dst_clone(skb_dst(nskb)); } static inline void skb_dst_copy(struct sk_buff *nskb, const struct sk_buff *oskb) { __skb_dst_copy(nskb, oskb->_skb_refdst); } /** * dst_hold_safe - Take a reference on a dst if possible * @dst: pointer to dst entry * * This helper returns false if it could not safely * take a reference on a dst. */ static inline bool dst_hold_safe(struct dst_entry *dst) { return atomic_inc_not_zero(&dst->__refcnt); } /** * skb_dst_force - makes sure skb dst is refcounted * @skb: buffer * * If dst is not yet refcounted and not destroyed, grab a ref on it. * Returns true if dst is refcounted. */ static inline bool skb_dst_force(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_dst_is_noref(skb)) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); WARN_ON(!rcu_read_lock_held()); if (!dst_hold_safe(dst)) dst = NULL; skb->_skb_refdst = (unsigned long)dst; } return skb->_skb_refdst != 0UL; } /** * __skb_tunnel_rx - prepare skb for rx reinsert * @skb: buffer * @dev: tunnel device * @net: netns for packet i/o * * After decapsulation, packet is going to re-enter (netif_rx()) our stack, * so make some cleanups. (no accounting done) */ static inline void __skb_tunnel_rx(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct net *net) { skb->dev = dev; /* * Clear hash so that we can recalulate the hash for the * encapsulated packet, unless we have already determine the hash * over the L4 4-tuple. */ skb_clear_hash_if_not_l4(skb); skb_set_queue_mapping(skb, 0); skb_scrub_packet(skb, !net_eq(net, dev_net(dev))); } /** * skb_tunnel_rx - prepare skb for rx reinsert * @skb: buffer * @dev: tunnel device * @net: netns for packet i/o * * After decapsulation, packet is going to re-enter (netif_rx()) our stack, * so make some cleanups, and perform accounting. * Note: this accounting is not SMP safe. */ static inline void skb_tunnel_rx(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct net *net) { /* TODO : stats should be SMP safe */ dev->stats.rx_packets++; dev->stats.rx_bytes += skb->len; __skb_tunnel_rx(skb, dev, net); } static inline u32 dst_tclassid(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_IP_ROUTE_CLASSID const struct dst_entry *dst; dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst) return dst->tclassid; #endif return 0; } int dst_discard_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); static inline int dst_discard(struct sk_buff *skb) { return dst_discard_out(&init_net, skb->sk, skb); } void *dst_alloc(struct dst_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev, int initial_ref, int initial_obsolete, unsigned short flags); void dst_init(struct dst_entry *dst, struct dst_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev, int initial_ref, int initial_obsolete, unsigned short flags); struct dst_entry *dst_destroy(struct dst_entry *dst); void dst_dev_put(struct dst_entry *dst); static inline void dst_confirm(struct dst_entry *dst) { } static inline struct neighbour *dst_neigh_lookup(const struct dst_entry *dst, const void *daddr) { struct neighbour *n = dst->ops->neigh_lookup(dst, NULL, daddr); return IS_ERR(n) ? NULL : n; } static inline struct neighbour *dst_neigh_lookup_skb(const struct dst_entry *dst, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct neighbour *n = NULL; /* The packets from tunnel devices (eg bareudp) may have only * metadata in the dst pointer of skb. Hence a pointer check of * neigh_lookup is needed. */ if (dst->ops->neigh_lookup) n = dst->ops->neigh_lookup(dst, skb, NULL); return IS_ERR(n) ? NULL : n; } static inline void dst_confirm_neigh(const struct dst_entry *dst, const void *daddr) { if (dst->ops->confirm_neigh) dst->ops->confirm_neigh(dst, daddr); } static inline void dst_link_failure(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->ops && dst->ops->link_failure) dst->ops->link_failure(skb); } static inline void dst_set_expires(struct dst_entry *dst, int timeout) { unsigned long expires = jiffies + timeout; if (expires == 0) expires = 1; if (dst->expires == 0 || time_before(expires, dst->expires)) dst->expires = expires; } /* Output packet to network from transport. */ static inline int dst_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_dst(skb)->output(net, sk, skb); } /* Input packet from network to transport. */ static inline int dst_input(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_dst(skb)->input(skb); } static inline struct dst_entry *dst_check(struct dst_entry *dst, u32 cookie) { if (dst->obsolete) dst = dst->ops->check(dst, cookie); return dst; } /* Flags for xfrm_lookup flags argument. */ enum { XFRM_LOOKUP_ICMP = 1 << 0, XFRM_LOOKUP_QUEUE = 1 << 1, XFRM_LOOKUP_KEEP_DST_REF = 1 << 2, }; struct flowi; #ifndef CONFIG_XFRM static inline struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags) { return dst_orig; } static inline struct dst_entry * xfrm_lookup_with_ifid(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags, u32 if_id) { return dst_orig; } static inline struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags) { return dst_orig; } static inline struct xfrm_state *dst_xfrm(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return NULL; } #else struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags); struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup_with_ifid(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags, u32 if_id); struct dst_entry *xfrm_lookup_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig, const struct flowi *fl, const struct sock *sk, int flags); /* skb attached with this dst needs transformation if dst->xfrm is valid */ static inline struct xfrm_state *dst_xfrm(const struct dst_entry *dst) { return dst->xfrm; } #endif static inline void skb_dst_update_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->ops->update_pmtu) dst->ops->update_pmtu(dst, NULL, skb, mtu, true); } /* update dst pmtu but not do neighbor confirm */ static inline void skb_dst_update_pmtu_no_confirm(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->ops->update_pmtu) dst->ops->update_pmtu(dst, NULL, skb, mtu, false); } struct dst_entry *dst_blackhole_check(struct dst_entry *dst, u32 cookie); void dst_blackhole_update_pmtu(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu, bool confirm_neigh); void dst_blackhole_redirect(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); u32 *dst_blackhole_cow_metrics(struct dst_entry *dst, unsigned long old); struct neighbour *dst_blackhole_neigh_lookup(const struct dst_entry *dst, struct sk_buff *skb, const void *daddr); unsigned int dst_blackhole_mtu(const struct dst_entry *dst); #endif /* _NET_DST_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_KERNEL_STAT_H #define _LINUX_KERNEL_STAT_H #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/vtime.h> #include <asm/irq.h> /* * 'kernel_stat.h' contains the definitions needed for doing * some kernel statistics (CPU usage, context switches ...), * used by rstatd/perfmeter */ enum cpu_usage_stat { CPUTIME_USER, CPUTIME_NICE, CPUTIME_SYSTEM, CPUTIME_SOFTIRQ, CPUTIME_IRQ, CPUTIME_IDLE, CPUTIME_IOWAIT, CPUTIME_STEAL, CPUTIME_GUEST, CPUTIME_GUEST_NICE, NR_STATS, }; struct kernel_cpustat { u64 cpustat[NR_STATS]; }; struct kernel_stat { unsigned long irqs_sum; unsigned int softirqs[NR_SOFTIRQS]; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct kernel_stat, kstat); DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct kernel_cpustat, kernel_cpustat); /* Must have preemption disabled for this to be meaningful. */ #define kstat_this_cpu this_cpu_ptr(&kstat) #define kcpustat_this_cpu this_cpu_ptr(&kernel_cpustat) #define kstat_cpu(cpu) per_cpu(kstat, cpu) #define kcpustat_cpu(cpu) per_cpu(kernel_cpustat, cpu) extern unsigned long long nr_context_switches(void); extern unsigned int kstat_irqs_cpu(unsigned int irq, int cpu); extern void kstat_incr_irq_this_cpu(unsigned int irq); static inline void kstat_incr_softirqs_this_cpu(unsigned int irq) { __this_cpu_inc(kstat.softirqs[irq]); } static inline unsigned int kstat_softirqs_cpu(unsigned int irq, int cpu) { return kstat_cpu(cpu).softirqs[irq]; } /* * Number of interrupts per specific IRQ source, since bootup */ extern unsigned int kstat_irqs(unsigned int irq); extern unsigned int kstat_irqs_usr(unsigned int irq); /* * Number of interrupts per cpu, since bootup */ static inline unsigned int kstat_cpu_irqs_sum(unsigned int cpu) { return kstat_cpu(cpu).irqs_sum; } #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN extern u64 kcpustat_field(struct kernel_cpustat *kcpustat, enum cpu_usage_stat usage, int cpu); extern void kcpustat_cpu_fetch(struct kernel_cpustat *dst, int cpu); #else static inline u64 kcpustat_field(struct kernel_cpustat *kcpustat, enum cpu_usage_stat usage, int cpu) { return kcpustat->cpustat[usage]; } static inline void kcpustat_cpu_fetch(struct kernel_cpustat *dst, int cpu) { *dst = kcpustat_cpu(cpu); } #endif extern void account_user_time(struct task_struct *, u64); extern void account_guest_time(struct task_struct *, u64); extern void account_system_time(struct task_struct *, int, u64); extern void account_system_index_time(struct task_struct *, u64, enum cpu_usage_stat); extern void account_steal_time(u64); extern void account_idle_time(u64); extern u64 get_idle_time(struct kernel_cpustat *kcs, int cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE static inline void account_process_tick(struct task_struct *tsk, int user) { vtime_flush(tsk); } #else extern void account_process_tick(struct task_struct *, int user); #endif extern void account_idle_ticks(unsigned long ticks); #endif /* _LINUX_KERNEL_STAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/exportfs.h> #include <linux/iso_fs.h> #include <asm/unaligned.h> enum isofs_file_format { isofs_file_normal = 0, isofs_file_sparse = 1, isofs_file_compressed = 2, }; /* * iso fs inode data in memory */ struct iso_inode_info { unsigned long i_iget5_block; unsigned long i_iget5_offset; unsigned int i_first_extent; unsigned char i_file_format; unsigned char i_format_parm[3]; unsigned long i_next_section_block; unsigned long i_next_section_offset; off_t i_section_size; struct inode vfs_inode; }; /* * iso9660 super-block data in memory */ struct isofs_sb_info { unsigned long s_ninodes; unsigned long s_nzones; unsigned long s_firstdatazone; unsigned long s_log_zone_size; unsigned long s_max_size; int s_rock_offset; /* offset of SUSP fields within SU area */ s32 s_sbsector; unsigned char s_joliet_level; unsigned char s_mapping; unsigned char s_check; unsigned char s_session; unsigned int s_high_sierra:1; unsigned int s_rock:2; unsigned int s_cruft:1; /* Broken disks with high byte of length * containing junk */ unsigned int s_nocompress:1; unsigned int s_hide:1; unsigned int s_showassoc:1; unsigned int s_overriderockperm:1; unsigned int s_uid_set:1; unsigned int s_gid_set:1; umode_t s_fmode; umode_t s_dmode; kgid_t s_gid; kuid_t s_uid; struct nls_table *s_nls_iocharset; /* Native language support table */ }; #define ISOFS_INVALID_MODE ((umode_t) -1) static inline struct isofs_sb_info *ISOFS_SB(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } static inline struct iso_inode_info *ISOFS_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct iso_inode_info, vfs_inode); } static inline int isonum_711(u8 *p) { return *p; } static inline int isonum_712(s8 *p) { return *p; } static inline unsigned int isonum_721(u8 *p) { return get_unaligned_le16(p); } static inline unsigned int isonum_722(u8 *p) { return get_unaligned_be16(p); } static inline unsigned int isonum_723(u8 *p) { /* Ignore bigendian datum due to broken mastering programs */ return get_unaligned_le16(p); } static inline unsigned int isonum_731(u8 *p) { return get_unaligned_le32(p); } static inline unsigned int isonum_732(u8 *p) { return get_unaligned_be32(p); } static inline unsigned int isonum_733(u8 *p) { /* Ignore bigendian datum due to broken mastering programs */ return get_unaligned_le32(p); } extern int iso_date(u8 *, int); struct inode; /* To make gcc happy */ extern int parse_rock_ridge_inode(struct iso_directory_record *, struct inode *, int relocated); extern int get_rock_ridge_filename(struct iso_directory_record *, char *, struct inode *); extern int isofs_name_translate(struct iso_directory_record *, char *, struct inode *); int get_joliet_filename(struct iso_directory_record *, unsigned char *, struct inode *); int get_acorn_filename(struct iso_directory_record *, char *, struct inode *); extern struct dentry *isofs_lookup(struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int flags); extern struct buffer_head *isofs_bread(struct inode *, sector_t); extern int isofs_get_blocks(struct inode *, sector_t, struct buffer_head **, unsigned long); struct inode *__isofs_iget(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long block, unsigned long offset, int relocated); static inline struct inode *isofs_iget(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long block, unsigned long offset) { return __isofs_iget(sb, block, offset, 0); } static inline struct inode *isofs_iget_reloc(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long block, unsigned long offset) { return __isofs_iget(sb, block, offset, 1); } /* Because the inode number is no longer relevant to finding the * underlying meta-data for an inode, we are free to choose a more * convenient 32-bit number as the inode number. The inode numbering * scheme was recommended by Sergey Vlasov and Eric Lammerts. */ static inline unsigned long isofs_get_ino(unsigned long block, unsigned long offset, unsigned long bufbits) { return (block << (bufbits - 5)) | (offset >> 5); } /* Every directory can have many redundant directory entries scattered * throughout the directory tree. First there is the directory entry * with the name of the directory stored in the parent directory. * Then, there is the "." directory entry stored in the directory * itself. Finally, there are possibly many ".." directory entries * stored in all the subdirectories. * * In order for the NFS get_parent() method to work and for the * general consistency of the dcache, we need to make sure the * "i_iget5_block" and "i_iget5_offset" all point to exactly one of * the many redundant entries for each directory. We normalize the * block and offset by always making them point to the "." directory. * * Notice that we do not use the entry for the directory with the name * that is located in the parent directory. Even though choosing this * first directory is more natural, it is much easier to find the "." * entry in the NFS get_parent() method because it is implicitly * encoded in the "extent + ext_attr_length" fields of _all_ the * redundant entries for the directory. Thus, it can always be * reached regardless of which directory entry you have in hand. * * This works because the "." entry is simply the first directory * record when you start reading the file that holds all the directory * records, and this file starts at "extent + ext_attr_length" blocks. * Because the "." entry is always the first entry listed in the * directories file, the normalized "offset" value is always 0. * * You should pass the directory entry in "de". On return, "block" * and "offset" will hold normalized values. Only directories are * affected making it safe to call even for non-directory file * types. */ static inline void isofs_normalize_block_and_offset(struct iso_directory_record* de, unsigned long *block, unsigned long *offset) { /* Only directories are normalized. */ if (de->flags[0] & 2) { *offset = 0; *block = (unsigned long)isonum_733(de->extent) + (unsigned long)isonum_711(de->ext_attr_length); } } extern const struct inode_operations isofs_dir_inode_operations; extern const struct file_operations isofs_dir_operations; extern const struct address_space_operations isofs_symlink_aops; extern const struct export_operations isofs_export_ops;
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_HWEIGHT_H #define _ASM_X86_HWEIGHT_H #include <asm/cpufeatures.h> #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT #define REG_IN "D" #define REG_OUT "a" #else #define REG_IN "a" #define REG_OUT "a" #endif static __always_inline unsigned int __arch_hweight32(unsigned int w) { unsigned int res; asm (ALTERNATIVE("call __sw_hweight32", "popcntl %1, %0", X86_FEATURE_POPCNT) : "="REG_OUT (res) : REG_IN (w)); return res; } static inline unsigned int __arch_hweight16(unsigned int w) { return __arch_hweight32(w & 0xffff); } static inline unsigned int __arch_hweight8(unsigned int w) { return __arch_hweight32(w & 0xff); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 static inline unsigned long __arch_hweight64(__u64 w) { return __arch_hweight32((u32)w) + __arch_hweight32((u32)(w >> 32)); } #else static __always_inline unsigned long __arch_hweight64(__u64 w) { unsigned long res; asm (ALTERNATIVE("call __sw_hweight64", "popcntq %1, %0", X86_FEATURE_POPCNT) : "="REG_OUT (res) : REG_IN (w)); return res; } #endif /* CONFIG_X86_32 */ #endif
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Note that we have no way to track which tasks are using * a page, though if it is a pagecache page, rmap structures can tell us * who is mapping it. * * If you allocate the page using alloc_pages(), you can use some of the * space in struct page for your own purposes. The five words in the main * union are available, except for bit 0 of the first word which must be * kept clear. Many users use this word to store a pointer to an object * which is guaranteed to be aligned. If you use the same storage as * page->mapping, you must restore it to NULL before freeing the page. * * If your page will not be mapped to userspace, you can also use the four * bytes in the mapcount union, but you must call page_mapcount_reset() * before freeing it. * * If you want to use the refcount field, it must be used in such a way * that other CPUs temporarily incrementing and then decrementing the * refcount does not cause problems. On receiving the page from * alloc_pages(), the refcount will be positive. * * If you allocate pages of order > 0, you can use some of the fields * in each subpage, but you may need to restore some of their values * afterwards. * * SLUB uses cmpxchg_double() to atomically update its freelist and * counters. That requires that freelist & counters be adjacent and * double-word aligned. We align all struct pages to double-word * boundaries, and ensure that 'freelist' is aligned within the * struct. */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ALIGNED_STRUCT_PAGE #define _struct_page_alignment __aligned(2 * sizeof(unsigned long)) #else #define _struct_page_alignment #endif struct page { unsigned long flags; /* Atomic flags, some possibly * updated asynchronously */ /* * Five words (20/40 bytes) are available in this union. * WARNING: bit 0 of the first word is used for PageTail(). That * means the other users of this union MUST NOT use the bit to * avoid collision and false-positive PageTail(). */ union { struct { /* Page cache and anonymous pages */ /** * @lru: Pageout list, eg. active_list protected by * pgdat->lru_lock. Sometimes used as a generic list * by the page owner. */ struct list_head lru; /* See page-flags.h for PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS */ struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; /* Our offset within mapping. */ /** * @private: Mapping-private opaque data. * Usually used for buffer_heads if PagePrivate. * Used for swp_entry_t if PageSwapCache. * Indicates order in the buddy system if PageBuddy. */ unsigned long private; }; struct { /* page_pool used by netstack */ /** * @dma_addr: might require a 64-bit value on * 32-bit architectures. */ unsigned long dma_addr[2]; }; struct { /* slab, slob and slub */ union { struct list_head slab_list; struct { /* Partial pages */ struct page *next; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT int pages; /* Nr of pages left */ int pobjects; /* Approximate count */ #else short int pages; short int pobjects; #endif }; }; struct kmem_cache *slab_cache; /* not slob */ /* Double-word boundary */ void *freelist; /* first free object */ union { void *s_mem; /* slab: first object */ unsigned long counters; /* SLUB */ struct { /* SLUB */ unsigned inuse:16; unsigned objects:15; unsigned frozen:1; }; }; }; struct { /* Tail pages of compound page */ unsigned long compound_head; /* Bit zero is set */ /* First tail page only */ unsigned char compound_dtor; unsigned char compound_order; atomic_t compound_mapcount; unsigned int compound_nr; /* 1 << compound_order */ }; struct { /* Second tail page of compound page */ unsigned long _compound_pad_1; /* compound_head */ atomic_t hpage_pinned_refcount; /* For both global and memcg */ struct list_head deferred_list; }; struct { /* Page table pages */ unsigned long _pt_pad_1; /* compound_head */ pgtable_t pmd_huge_pte; /* protected by page->ptl */ unsigned long _pt_pad_2; /* mapping */ union { struct mm_struct *pt_mm; /* x86 pgds only */ atomic_t pt_frag_refcount; /* powerpc */ }; #if ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS spinlock_t *ptl; #else spinlock_t ptl; #endif }; struct { /* ZONE_DEVICE pages */ /** @pgmap: Points to the hosting device page map. */ struct dev_pagemap *pgmap; void *zone_device_data; /* * ZONE_DEVICE private pages are counted as being * mapped so the next 3 words hold the mapping, index, * and private fields from the source anonymous or * page cache page while the page is migrated to device * private memory. * ZONE_DEVICE MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX pages also * use the mapping, index, and private fields when * pmem backed DAX files are mapped. */ }; /** @rcu_head: You can use this to free a page by RCU. */ struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; union { /* This union is 4 bytes in size. */ /* * If the page can be mapped to userspace, encodes the number * of times this page is referenced by a page table. */ atomic_t _mapcount; /* * If the page is neither PageSlab nor mappable to userspace, * the value stored here may help determine what this page * is used for. See page-flags.h for a list of page types * which are currently stored here. */ unsigned int page_type; unsigned int active; /* SLAB */ int units; /* SLOB */ }; /* Usage count. *DO NOT USE DIRECTLY*. See page_ref.h */ atomic_t _refcount; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG union { struct mem_cgroup *mem_cgroup; struct obj_cgroup **obj_cgroups; }; #endif /* * On machines where all RAM is mapped into kernel address space, * we can simply calculate the virtual address. On machines with * highmem some memory is mapped into kernel virtual memory * dynamically, so we need a place to store that address. * Note that this field could be 16 bits on x86 ... ;) * * Architectures with slow multiplication can define * WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL in asm/page.h */ #if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) void *virtual; /* Kernel virtual address (NULL if not kmapped, ie. highmem) */ #endif /* WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL */ #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS int _last_cpupid; #endif } _struct_page_alignment; static inline atomic_t *compound_mapcount_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page[1].compound_mapcount; } static inline atomic_t *compound_pincount_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page[2].hpage_pinned_refcount; } /* * Used for sizing the vmemmap region on some architectures */ #define STRUCT_PAGE_MAX_SHIFT (order_base_2(sizeof(struct page))) #define PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE __ALIGN_MASK(32768, ~PAGE_MASK) #define PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_ORDER get_order(PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE) #define page_private(page) ((page)->private) static inline void set_page_private(struct page *page, unsigned long private) { page->private = private; } struct page_frag_cache { void * va; #if (PAGE_SIZE < PAGE_FRAG_CACHE_MAX_SIZE) __u16 offset; __u16 size; #else __u32 offset; #endif /* we maintain a pagecount bias, so that we dont dirty cache line * containing page->_refcount every time we allocate a fragment. */ unsigned int pagecnt_bias; bool pfmemalloc; }; typedef unsigned long vm_flags_t; /* * A region containing a mapping of a non-memory backed file under NOMMU * conditions. These are held in a global tree and are pinned by the VMAs that * map parts of them. */ struct vm_region { struct rb_node vm_rb; /* link in global region tree */ vm_flags_t vm_flags; /* VMA vm_flags */ unsigned long vm_start; /* start address of region */ unsigned long vm_end; /* region initialised to here */ unsigned long vm_top; /* region allocated to here */ unsigned long vm_pgoff; /* the offset in vm_file corresponding to vm_start */ struct file *vm_file; /* the backing file or NULL */ int vm_usage; /* region usage count (access under nommu_region_sem) */ bool vm_icache_flushed : 1; /* true if the icache has been flushed for * this region */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_USERFAULTFD #define NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX ((struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx) { NULL, }) struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx { struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx; }; #else /* CONFIG_USERFAULTFD */ #define NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX ((struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx) {}) struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx {}; #endif /* CONFIG_USERFAULTFD */ /* * This struct describes a virtual memory area. There is one of these * per VM-area/task. A VM area is any part of the process virtual memory * space that has a special rule for the page-fault handlers (ie a shared * library, the executable area etc). */ struct vm_area_struct { /* The first cache line has the info for VMA tree walking. */ unsigned long vm_start; /* Our start address within vm_mm. */ unsigned long vm_end; /* The first byte after our end address within vm_mm. */ /* linked list of VM areas per task, sorted by address */ struct vm_area_struct *vm_next, *vm_prev; struct rb_node vm_rb; /* * Largest free memory gap in bytes to the left of this VMA. * Either between this VMA and vma->vm_prev, or between one of the * VMAs below us in the VMA rbtree and its ->vm_prev. This helps * get_unmapped_area find a free area of the right size. */ unsigned long rb_subtree_gap; /* Second cache line starts here. */ struct mm_struct *vm_mm; /* The address space we belong to. */ /* * Access permissions of this VMA. * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for discussion. */ pgprot_t vm_page_prot; unsigned long vm_flags; /* Flags, see mm.h. */ /* * For areas with an address space and backing store, * linkage into the address_space->i_mmap interval tree. */ struct { struct rb_node rb; unsigned long rb_subtree_last; } shared; /* * A file's MAP_PRIVATE vma can be in both i_mmap tree and anon_vma * list, after a COW of one of the file pages. A MAP_SHARED vma * can only be in the i_mmap tree. An anonymous MAP_PRIVATE, stack * or brk vma (with NULL file) can only be in an anon_vma list. */ struct list_head anon_vma_chain; /* Serialized by mmap_lock & * page_table_lock */ struct anon_vma *anon_vma; /* Serialized by page_table_lock */ /* Function pointers to deal with this struct. */ const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops; /* Information about our backing store: */ unsigned long vm_pgoff; /* Offset (within vm_file) in PAGE_SIZE units */ struct file * vm_file; /* File we map to (can be NULL). */ void * vm_private_data; /* was vm_pte (shared mem) */ #ifdef CONFIG_SWAP atomic_long_t swap_readahead_info; #endif #ifndef CONFIG_MMU struct vm_region *vm_region; /* NOMMU mapping region */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA struct mempolicy *vm_policy; /* NUMA policy for the VMA */ #endif struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx; } __randomize_layout; struct core_thread { struct task_struct *task; struct core_thread *next; }; struct core_state { atomic_t nr_threads; struct core_thread dumper; struct completion startup; }; struct kioctx_table; struct mm_struct { struct { struct vm_area_struct *mmap; /* list of VMAs */ struct rb_root mm_rb; u64 vmacache_seqnum; /* per-thread vmacache */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU unsigned long (*get_unmapped_area) (struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); #endif unsigned long mmap_base; /* base of mmap area */ unsigned long mmap_legacy_base; /* base of mmap area in bottom-up allocations */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_COMPAT_MMAP_BASES /* Base adresses for compatible mmap() */ unsigned long mmap_compat_base; unsigned long mmap_compat_legacy_base; #endif unsigned long task_size; /* size of task vm space */ unsigned long highest_vm_end; /* highest vma end address */ pgd_t * pgd; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER /** * @membarrier_state: Flags controlling membarrier behavior. * * This field is close to @pgd to hopefully fit in the same * cache-line, which needs to be touched by switch_mm(). */ atomic_t membarrier_state; #endif /** * @mm_users: The number of users including userspace. * * Use mmget()/mmget_not_zero()/mmput() to modify. When this * drops to 0 (i.e. when the task exits and there are no other * temporary reference holders), we also release a reference on * @mm_count (which may then free the &struct mm_struct if * @mm_count also drops to 0). */ atomic_t mm_users; /** * @mm_count: The number of references to &struct mm_struct * (@mm_users count as 1). * * Use mmgrab()/mmdrop() to modify. When this drops to 0, the * &struct mm_struct is freed. */ atomic_t mm_count; /** * @has_pinned: Whether this mm has pinned any pages. This can * be either replaced in the future by @pinned_vm when it * becomes stable, or grow into a counter on its own. We're * aggresive on this bit now - even if the pinned pages were * unpinned later on, we'll still keep this bit set for the * lifecycle of this mm just for simplicity. */ atomic_t has_pinned; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU atomic_long_t pgtables_bytes; /* PTE page table pages */ #endif int map_count; /* number of VMAs */ spinlock_t page_table_lock; /* Protects page tables and some * counters */ /* * With some kernel config, the current mmap_lock's offset * inside 'mm_struct' is at 0x120, which is very optimal, as * its two hot fields 'count' and 'owner' sit in 2 different * cachelines, and when mmap_lock is highly contended, both * of the 2 fields will be accessed frequently, current layout * will help to reduce cache bouncing. * * So please be careful with adding new fields before * mmap_lock, which can easily push the 2 fields into one * cacheline. */ struct rw_semaphore mmap_lock; struct list_head mmlist; /* List of maybe swapped mm's. These * are globally strung together off * init_mm.mmlist, and are protected * by mmlist_lock */ unsigned long hiwater_rss; /* High-watermark of RSS usage */ unsigned long hiwater_vm; /* High-water virtual memory usage */ unsigned long total_vm; /* Total pages mapped */ unsigned long locked_vm; /* Pages that have PG_mlocked set */ atomic64_t pinned_vm; /* Refcount permanently increased */ unsigned long data_vm; /* VM_WRITE & ~VM_SHARED & ~VM_STACK */ unsigned long exec_vm; /* VM_EXEC & ~VM_WRITE & ~VM_STACK */ unsigned long stack_vm; /* VM_STACK */ unsigned long def_flags; /** * @write_protect_seq: Locked when any thread is write * protecting pages mapped by this mm to enforce a later COW, * for instance during page table copying for fork(). */ seqcount_t write_protect_seq; spinlock_t arg_lock; /* protect the below fields */ unsigned long start_code, end_code, start_data, end_data; unsigned long start_brk, brk, start_stack; unsigned long arg_start, arg_end, env_start, env_end; unsigned long saved_auxv[AT_VECTOR_SIZE]; /* for /proc/PID/auxv */ /* * Special counters, in some configurations protected by the * page_table_lock, in other configurations by being atomic. */ struct mm_rss_stat rss_stat; struct linux_binfmt *binfmt; /* Architecture-specific MM context */ mm_context_t context; unsigned long flags; /* Must use atomic bitops to access */ struct core_state *core_state; /* coredumping support */ #ifdef CONFIG_AIO spinlock_t ioctx_lock; struct kioctx_table __rcu *ioctx_table; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG /* * "owner" points to a task that is regarded as the canonical * user/owner of this mm. All of the following must be true in * order for it to be changed: * * current == mm->owner * current->mm != mm * new_owner->mm == mm * new_owner->alloc_lock is held */ struct task_struct __rcu *owner; #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* store ref to file /proc/<pid>/exe symlink points to */ struct file __rcu *exe_file; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU_NOTIFIER struct mmu_notifier_subscriptions *notifier_subscriptions; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS pgtable_t pmd_huge_pte; /* protected by page_table_lock */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * numa_next_scan is the next time that the PTEs will be marked * pte_numa. NUMA hinting faults will gather statistics and * migrate pages to new nodes if necessary. */ unsigned long numa_next_scan; /* Restart point for scanning and setting pte_numa */ unsigned long numa_scan_offset; /* numa_scan_seq prevents two threads setting pte_numa */ int numa_scan_seq; #endif /* * An operation with batched TLB flushing is going on. Anything * that can move process memory needs to flush the TLB when * moving a PROT_NONE or PROT_NUMA mapped page. */ atomic_t tlb_flush_pending; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH /* See flush_tlb_batched_pending() */ bool tlb_flush_batched; #endif struct uprobes_state uprobes_state; #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE atomic_long_t hugetlb_usage; #endif struct work_struct async_put_work; #ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_SUPPORT u32 pasid; #endif } __randomize_layout; /* * The mm_cpumask needs to be at the end of mm_struct, because it * is dynamically sized based on nr_cpu_ids. */ unsigned long cpu_bitmap[]; }; extern struct mm_struct init_mm; /* Pointer magic because the dynamic array size confuses some compilers. */ static inline void mm_init_cpumask(struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long cpu_bitmap = (unsigned long)mm; cpu_bitmap += offsetof(struct mm_struct, cpu_bitmap); cpumask_clear((struct cpumask *)cpu_bitmap); } /* Future-safe accessor for struct mm_struct's cpu_vm_mask. */ static inline cpumask_t *mm_cpumask(struct mm_struct *mm) { return (struct cpumask *)&mm->cpu_bitmap; } struct mmu_gather; extern void tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); extern void tlb_finish_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); static inline void init_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_set(&mm->tlb_flush_pending, 0); } static inline void inc_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_inc(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); /* * The only time this value is relevant is when there are indeed pages * to flush. And we'll only flush pages after changing them, which * requires the PTL. * * So the ordering here is: * * atomic_inc(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); * spin_lock(&ptl); * ... * set_pte_at(); * spin_unlock(&ptl); * * spin_lock(&ptl) * mm_tlb_flush_pending(); * .... * spin_unlock(&ptl); * * flush_tlb_range(); * atomic_dec(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); * * Where the increment if constrained by the PTL unlock, it thus * ensures that the increment is visible if the PTE modification is * visible. After all, if there is no PTE modification, nobody cares * about TLB flushes either. * * This very much relies on users (mm_tlb_flush_pending() and * mm_tlb_flush_nested()) only caring about _specific_ PTEs (and * therefore specific PTLs), because with SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS and RCpc * locks (PPC) the unlock of one doesn't order against the lock of * another PTL. * * The decrement is ordered by the flush_tlb_range(), such that * mm_tlb_flush_pending() will not return false unless all flushes have * completed. */ } static inline void dec_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * See inc_tlb_flush_pending(). * * This cannot be smp_mb__before_atomic() because smp_mb() simply does * not order against TLB invalidate completion, which is what we need. * * Therefore we must rely on tlb_flush_*() to guarantee order. */ atomic_dec(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); } static inline bool mm_tlb_flush_pending(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Must be called after having acquired the PTL; orders against that * PTLs release and therefore ensures that if we observe the modified * PTE we must also observe the increment from inc_tlb_flush_pending(). * * That is, it only guarantees to return true if there is a flush * pending for _this_ PTL. */ return atomic_read(&mm->tlb_flush_pending); } static inline bool mm_tlb_flush_nested(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Similar to mm_tlb_flush_pending(), we must have acquired the PTL * for which there is a TLB flush pending in order to guarantee * we've seen both that PTE modification and the increment. * * (no requirement on actually still holding the PTL, that is irrelevant) */ return atomic_read(&mm->tlb_flush_pending) > 1; } struct vm_fault; /** * typedef vm_fault_t - Return type for page fault handlers. * * Page fault handlers return a bitmask of %VM_FAULT values. */ typedef __bitwise unsigned int vm_fault_t; /** * enum vm_fault_reason - Page fault handlers return a bitmask of * these values to tell the core VM what happened when handling the * fault. Used to decide whether a process gets delivered SIGBUS or * just gets major/minor fault counters bumped up. * * @VM_FAULT_OOM: Out Of Memory * @VM_FAULT_SIGBUS: Bad access * @VM_FAULT_MAJOR: Page read from storage * @VM_FAULT_WRITE: Special case for get_user_pages * @VM_FAULT_HWPOISON: Hit poisoned small page * @VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE: Hit poisoned large page. Index encoded * in upper bits * @VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV: segmentation fault * @VM_FAULT_NOPAGE: ->fault installed the pte, not return page * @VM_FAULT_LOCKED: ->fault locked the returned page * @VM_FAULT_RETRY: ->fault blocked, must retry * @VM_FAULT_FALLBACK: huge page fault failed, fall back to small * @VM_FAULT_DONE_COW: ->fault has fully handled COW * @VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC: ->fault did not modify page tables and needs * fsync() to complete (for synchronous page faults * in DAX) * @VM_FAULT_HINDEX_MASK: mask HINDEX value * */ enum vm_fault_reason { VM_FAULT_OOM = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000001, VM_FAULT_SIGBUS = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000002, VM_FAULT_MAJOR = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000004, VM_FAULT_WRITE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000008, VM_FAULT_HWPOISON = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000010, VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000020, VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000040, VM_FAULT_NOPAGE = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000100, VM_FAULT_LOCKED = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000200, VM_FAULT_RETRY = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000400, VM_FAULT_FALLBACK = (__force vm_fault_t)0x000800, VM_FAULT_DONE_COW = (__force vm_fault_t)0x001000, VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC = (__force vm_fault_t)0x002000, VM_FAULT_HINDEX_MASK = (__force vm_fault_t)0x0f0000, }; /* Encode hstate index for a hwpoisoned large page */ #define VM_FAULT_SET_HINDEX(x) ((__force vm_fault_t)((x) << 16)) #define VM_FAULT_GET_HINDEX(x) (((__force unsigned int)(x) >> 16) & 0xf) #define VM_FAULT_ERROR (VM_FAULT_OOM | VM_FAULT_SIGBUS | \ VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | \ VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE | VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) #define VM_FAULT_RESULT_TRACE \ { VM_FAULT_OOM, "OOM" }, \ { VM_FAULT_SIGBUS, "SIGBUS" }, \ { VM_FAULT_MAJOR, "MAJOR" }, \ { VM_FAULT_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_HWPOISON, "HWPOISON" }, \ { VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE, "HWPOISON_LARGE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV, "SIGSEGV" }, \ { VM_FAULT_NOPAGE, "NOPAGE" }, \ { VM_FAULT_LOCKED, "LOCKED" }, \ { VM_FAULT_RETRY, "RETRY" }, \ { VM_FAULT_FALLBACK, "FALLBACK" }, \ { VM_FAULT_DONE_COW, "DONE_COW" }, \ { VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC, "NEEDDSYNC" } struct vm_special_mapping { const char *name; /* The name, e.g. "[vdso]". */ /* * If .fault is not provided, this points to a * NULL-terminated array of pages that back the special mapping. * * This must not be NULL unless .fault is provided. */ struct page **pages; /* * If non-NULL, then this is called to resolve page faults * on the special mapping. If used, .pages is not checked. */ vm_fault_t (*fault)(const struct vm_special_mapping *sm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf); int (*mremap)(const struct vm_special_mapping *sm, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma); }; enum tlb_flush_reason { TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH, TLB_REMOTE_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_LOCAL_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN, TLB_REMOTE_SEND_IPI, NR_TLB_FLUSH_REASONS, }; /* * A swap entry has to fit into a "unsigned long", as the entry is hidden * in the "index" field of the swapper address space. */ typedef struct { unsigned long val; } swp_entry_t; #endif /* _LINUX_MM_TYPES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Connection state tracking for netfilter. This is separated from, * but required by, the (future) NAT layer; it can also be used by an iptables * extension. * * 16 Dec 2003: Yasuyuki Kozakai @USAGI <yasuyuki.kozakai@toshiba.co.jp> * - generalize L3 protocol dependent part. * * Derived from include/linux/netfiter_ipv4/ip_conntrack.h */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_H #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_common.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tcp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_dccp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sctp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_proto_gre.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tuple.h> struct nf_ct_udp { unsigned long stream_ts; }; /* per conntrack: protocol private data */ union nf_conntrack_proto { /* insert conntrack proto private data here */ struct nf_ct_dccp dccp; struct ip_ct_sctp sctp; struct ip_ct_tcp tcp; struct nf_ct_udp udp; struct nf_ct_gre gre; unsigned int tmpl_padto; }; union nf_conntrack_expect_proto { /* insert expect proto private data here */ }; struct nf_conntrack_net { unsigned int users4; unsigned int users6; unsigned int users_bridge; }; #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/netfilter/ipv4/nf_conntrack_ipv4.h> #include <net/netfilter/ipv6/nf_conntrack_ipv6.h> struct nf_conn { /* Usage count in here is 1 for hash table, 1 per skb, * plus 1 for any connection(s) we are `master' for * * Hint, SKB address this struct and refcnt via skb->_nfct and * helpers nf_conntrack_get() and nf_conntrack_put(). * Helper nf_ct_put() equals nf_conntrack_put() by dec refcnt, * beware nf_ct_get() is different and don't inc refcnt. */ struct nf_conntrack ct_general; spinlock_t lock; /* jiffies32 when this ct is considered dead */ u32 timeout; #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES struct nf_conntrack_zone zone; #endif /* XXX should I move this to the tail ? - Y.K */ /* These are my tuples; original and reply */ struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_MAX]; /* Have we seen traffic both ways yet? (bitset) */ unsigned long status; u16 cpu; possible_net_t ct_net; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) struct hlist_node nat_bysource; #endif /* all members below initialized via memset */ struct { } __nfct_init_offset; /* If we were expected by an expectation, this will be it */ struct nf_conn *master; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MARK) u_int32_t mark; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_SECMARK u_int32_t secmark; #endif /* Extensions */ struct nf_ct_ext *ext; /* Storage reserved for other modules, must be the last member */ union nf_conntrack_proto proto; }; static inline struct nf_conn * nf_ct_tuplehash_to_ctrack(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash *hash) { return container_of(hash, struct nf_conn, tuplehash[hash->tuple.dst.dir]); } static inline u_int16_t nf_ct_l3num(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.src.l3num; } static inline u_int8_t nf_ct_protonum(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.dst.protonum; } #define nf_ct_tuple(ct, dir) (&(ct)->tuplehash[dir].tuple) /* get master conntrack via master expectation */ #define master_ct(conntr) (conntr->master) extern struct net init_net; static inline struct net *nf_ct_net(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return read_pnet(&ct->ct_net); } /* Alter reply tuple (maybe alter helper). */ void nf_conntrack_alter_reply(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *newreply); /* Is this tuple taken? (ignoring any belonging to the given conntrack). */ int nf_conntrack_tuple_taken(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple, const struct nf_conn *ignored_conntrack); /* Return conntrack_info and tuple hash for given skb. */ static inline struct nf_conn * nf_ct_get(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum ip_conntrack_info *ctinfo) { unsigned long nfct = skb_get_nfct(skb); *ctinfo = nfct & NFCT_INFOMASK; return (struct nf_conn *)(nfct & NFCT_PTRMASK); } /* decrement reference count on a conntrack */ static inline void nf_ct_put(struct nf_conn *ct) { WARN_ON(!ct); nf_conntrack_put(&ct->ct_general); } /* Protocol module loading */ int nf_ct_l3proto_try_module_get(unsigned short l3proto); void nf_ct_l3proto_module_put(unsigned short l3proto); /* load module; enable/disable conntrack in this namespace */ int nf_ct_netns_get(struct net *net, u8 nfproto); void nf_ct_netns_put(struct net *net, u8 nfproto); /* * Allocate a hashtable of hlist_head (if nulls == 0), * or hlist_nulls_head (if nulls == 1) */ void *nf_ct_alloc_hashtable(unsigned int *sizep, int nulls); int nf_conntrack_hash_check_insert(struct nf_conn *ct); bool nf_ct_delete(struct nf_conn *ct, u32 pid, int report); bool nf_ct_get_tuplepr(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int nhoff, u_int16_t l3num, struct net *net, struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple); void __nf_ct_refresh_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies, bool do_acct); /* Refresh conntrack for this many jiffies and do accounting */ static inline void nf_ct_refresh_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies) { __nf_ct_refresh_acct(ct, ctinfo, skb, extra_jiffies, true); } /* Refresh conntrack for this many jiffies */ static inline void nf_ct_refresh(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies) { __nf_ct_refresh_acct(ct, 0, skb, extra_jiffies, false); } /* kill conntrack and do accounting */ bool nf_ct_kill_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb); /* kill conntrack without accounting */ static inline bool nf_ct_kill(struct nf_conn *ct) { return nf_ct_delete(ct, 0, 0); } /* Set all unconfirmed conntrack as dying */ void nf_ct_unconfirmed_destroy(struct net *); /* Iterate over all conntracks: if iter returns true, it's deleted. */ void nf_ct_iterate_cleanup_net(struct net *net, int (*iter)(struct nf_conn *i, void *data), void *data, u32 portid, int report); /* also set unconfirmed conntracks as dying. Only use in module exit path. */ void nf_ct_iterate_destroy(int (*iter)(struct nf_conn *i, void *data), void *data); struct nf_conntrack_zone; void nf_conntrack_free(struct nf_conn *ct); struct nf_conn *nf_conntrack_alloc(struct net *net, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *orig, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *repl, gfp_t gfp); static inline int nf_ct_is_template(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_TEMPLATE_BIT, &ct->status); } /* It's confirmed if it is, or has been in the hash table. */ static inline int nf_ct_is_confirmed(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_CONFIRMED_BIT, &ct->status); } static inline int nf_ct_is_dying(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_DYING_BIT, &ct->status); } /* Packet is received from loopback */ static inline bool nf_is_loopback_packet(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->dev && skb->skb_iif && skb->dev->flags & IFF_LOOPBACK; } #define nfct_time_stamp ((u32)(jiffies)) /* jiffies until ct expires, 0 if already expired */ static inline unsigned long nf_ct_expires(const struct nf_conn *ct) { s32 timeout = READ_ONCE(ct->timeout) - nfct_time_stamp; return timeout > 0 ? timeout : 0; } static inline bool nf_ct_is_expired(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return (__s32)(READ_ONCE(ct->timeout) - nfct_time_stamp) <= 0; } /* use after obtaining a reference count */ static inline bool nf_ct_should_gc(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return nf_ct_is_expired(ct) && nf_ct_is_confirmed(ct) && !nf_ct_is_dying(ct); } #define NF_CT_DAY (86400 * HZ) /* Set an arbitrary timeout large enough not to ever expire, this save * us a check for the IPS_OFFLOAD_BIT from the packet path via * nf_ct_is_expired(). */ static inline void nf_ct_offload_timeout(struct nf_conn *ct) { if (nf_ct_expires(ct) < NF_CT_DAY / 2) WRITE_ONCE(ct->timeout, nfct_time_stamp + NF_CT_DAY); } struct kernel_param; int nf_conntrack_set_hashsize(const char *val, const struct kernel_param *kp); int nf_conntrack_hash_resize(unsigned int hashsize); extern struct hlist_nulls_head *nf_conntrack_hash; extern unsigned int nf_conntrack_htable_size; extern seqcount_spinlock_t nf_conntrack_generation; extern unsigned int nf_conntrack_max; /* must be called with rcu read lock held */ static inline void nf_conntrack_get_ht(struct hlist_nulls_head **hash, unsigned int *hsize) { struct hlist_nulls_head *hptr; unsigned int sequence, hsz; do { sequence = read_seqcount_begin(&nf_conntrack_generation); hsz = nf_conntrack_htable_size; hptr = nf_conntrack_hash; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&nf_conntrack_generation, sequence)); *hash = hptr; *hsize = hsz; } struct nf_conn *nf_ct_tmpl_alloc(struct net *net, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, gfp_t flags); void nf_ct_tmpl_free(struct nf_conn *tmpl); u32 nf_ct_get_id(const struct nf_conn *ct); static inline void nf_ct_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info info) { skb_set_nfct(skb, (unsigned long)ct | info); } #define NF_CT_STAT_INC(net, count) __this_cpu_inc((net)->ct.stat->count) #define NF_CT_STAT_INC_ATOMIC(net, count) this_cpu_inc((net)->ct.stat->count) #define NF_CT_STAT_ADD_ATOMIC(net, count, v) this_cpu_add((net)->ct.stat->count, (v)) #define MODULE_ALIAS_NFCT_HELPER(helper) \ MODULE_ALIAS("nfct-helper-" helper) #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_H */
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1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Implementation of the kernel access vector cache (AVC). * * Authors: Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> * James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> * * Update: KaiGai, Kohei <kaigai@ak.jp.nec.com> * Replaced the avc_lock spinlock by RCU. * * Copyright (C) 2003 Red Hat, Inc., James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <linux/un.h> #include <net/af_unix.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include "avc.h" #include "avc_ss.h" #include "classmap.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/avc.h> #define AVC_CACHE_SLOTS 512 #define AVC_DEF_CACHE_THRESHOLD 512 #define AVC_CACHE_RECLAIM 16 #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS #define avc_cache_stats_incr(field) this_cpu_inc(avc_cache_stats.field) #else #define avc_cache_stats_incr(field) do {} while (0) #endif struct avc_entry { u32 ssid; u32 tsid; u16 tclass; struct av_decision avd; struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; }; struct avc_node { struct avc_entry ae; struct hlist_node list; /* anchored in avc_cache->slots[i] */ struct rcu_head rhead; }; struct avc_xperms_decision_node { struct extended_perms_decision xpd; struct list_head xpd_list; /* list of extended_perms_decision */ }; struct avc_xperms_node { struct extended_perms xp; struct list_head xpd_head; /* list head of extended_perms_decision */ }; struct avc_cache { struct hlist_head slots[AVC_CACHE_SLOTS]; /* head for avc_node->list */ spinlock_t slots_lock[AVC_CACHE_SLOTS]; /* lock for writes */ atomic_t lru_hint; /* LRU hint for reclaim scan */ atomic_t active_nodes; u32 latest_notif; /* latest revocation notification */ }; struct avc_callback_node { int (*callback) (u32 event); u32 events; struct avc_callback_node *next; }; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct avc_cache_stats, avc_cache_stats) = { 0 }; #endif struct selinux_avc { unsigned int avc_cache_threshold; struct avc_cache avc_cache; }; static struct selinux_avc selinux_avc; void selinux_avc_init(struct selinux_avc **avc) { int i; selinux_avc.avc_cache_threshold = AVC_DEF_CACHE_THRESHOLD; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.slots[i]); spin_lock_init(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.slots_lock[i]); } atomic_set(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.active_nodes, 0); atomic_set(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.lru_hint, 0); *avc = &selinux_avc; } unsigned int avc_get_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc) { return avc->avc_cache_threshold; } void avc_set_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc, unsigned int cache_threshold) { avc->avc_cache_threshold = cache_threshold; } static struct avc_callback_node *avc_callbacks; static struct kmem_cache *avc_node_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_data_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_decision_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_cachep; static inline int avc_hash(u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { return (ssid ^ (tsid<<2) ^ (tclass<<4)) & (AVC_CACHE_SLOTS - 1); } /** * avc_init - Initialize the AVC. * * Initialize the access vector cache. */ void __init avc_init(void) { avc_node_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_node", sizeof(struct avc_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_xperms_node", sizeof(struct avc_xperms_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_decision_cachep = kmem_cache_create( "avc_xperms_decision_node", sizeof(struct avc_xperms_decision_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_data_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_xperms_data", sizeof(struct extended_perms_data), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } int avc_get_hash_stats(struct selinux_avc *avc, char *page) { int i, chain_len, max_chain_len, slots_used; struct avc_node *node; struct hlist_head *head; rcu_read_lock(); slots_used = 0; max_chain_len = 0; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[i]; if (!hlist_empty(head)) { slots_used++; chain_len = 0; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(node, head, list) chain_len++; if (chain_len > max_chain_len) max_chain_len = chain_len; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return scnprintf(page, PAGE_SIZE, "entries: %d\nbuckets used: %d/%d\n" "longest chain: %d\n", atomic_read(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes), slots_used, AVC_CACHE_SLOTS, max_chain_len); } /* * using a linked list for extended_perms_decision lookup because the list is * always small. i.e. less than 5, typically 1 */ static struct extended_perms_decision *avc_xperms_decision_lookup(u8 driver, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node; list_for_each_entry(xpd_node, &xp_node->xpd_head, xpd_list) { if (xpd_node->xpd.driver == driver) return &xpd_node->xpd; } return NULL; } static inline unsigned int avc_xperms_has_perm(struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, u8 which) { unsigned int rc = 0; if ((which == XPERMS_ALLOWED) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->allowed->p, perm); else if ((which == XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->auditallow->p, perm); else if ((which == XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->dontaudit->p, perm); return rc; } static void avc_xperms_allow_perm(struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node, u8 driver, u8 perm) { struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; security_xperm_set(xp_node->xp.drivers.p, driver); xpd = avc_xperms_decision_lookup(driver, xp_node); if (xpd && xpd->allowed) security_xperm_set(xpd->allowed->p, perm); } static void avc_xperms_decision_free(struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node) { struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; xpd = &xpd_node->xpd; if (xpd->allowed) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->allowed); if (xpd->auditallow) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->auditallow); if (xpd->dontaudit) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->dontaudit); kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_decision_cachep, xpd_node); } static void avc_xperms_free(struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node, *tmp; if (!xp_node) return; list_for_each_entry_safe(xpd_node, tmp, &xp_node->xpd_head, xpd_list) { list_del(&xpd_node->xpd_list); avc_xperms_decision_free(xpd_node); } kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_cachep, xp_node); } static void avc_copy_xperms_decision(struct extended_perms_decision *dest, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { dest->driver = src->driver; dest->used = src->used; if (dest->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED) memcpy(dest->allowed->p, src->allowed->p, sizeof(src->allowed->p)); if (dest->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) memcpy(dest->auditallow->p, src->auditallow->p, sizeof(src->auditallow->p)); if (dest->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) memcpy(dest->dontaudit->p, src->dontaudit->p, sizeof(src->dontaudit->p)); } /* * similar to avc_copy_xperms_decision, but only copy decision * information relevant to this perm */ static inline void avc_quick_copy_xperms_decision(u8 perm, struct extended_perms_decision *dest, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { /* * compute index of the u32 of the 256 bits (8 u32s) that contain this * command permission */ u8 i = perm >> 5; dest->used = src->used; if (dest->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED) dest->allowed->p[i] = src->allowed->p[i]; if (dest->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) dest->auditallow->p[i] = src->auditallow->p[i]; if (dest->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) dest->dontaudit->p[i] = src->dontaudit->p[i]; } static struct avc_xperms_decision_node *avc_xperms_decision_alloc(u8 which) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node; struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; xpd_node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_decision_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd_node) return NULL; xpd = &xpd_node->xpd; if (which & XPERMS_ALLOWED) { xpd->allowed = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->allowed) goto error; } if (which & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) { xpd->auditallow = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->auditallow) goto error; } if (which & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) { xpd->dontaudit = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->dontaudit) goto error; } return xpd_node; error: avc_xperms_decision_free(xpd_node); return NULL; } static int avc_add_xperms_decision(struct avc_node *node, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *dest_xpd; node->ae.xp_node->xp.len++; dest_xpd = avc_xperms_decision_alloc(src->used); if (!dest_xpd) return -ENOMEM; avc_copy_xperms_decision(&dest_xpd->xpd, src); list_add(&dest_xpd->xpd_list, &node->ae.xp_node->xpd_head); return 0; } static struct avc_xperms_node *avc_xperms_alloc(void) { struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; xp_node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xp_node) return xp_node; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xp_node->xpd_head); return xp_node; } static int avc_xperms_populate(struct avc_node *node, struct avc_xperms_node *src) { struct avc_xperms_node *dest; struct avc_xperms_decision_node *dest_xpd; struct avc_xperms_decision_node *src_xpd; if (src->xp.len == 0) return 0; dest = avc_xperms_alloc(); if (!dest) return -ENOMEM; memcpy(dest->xp.drivers.p, src->xp.drivers.p, sizeof(dest->xp.drivers.p)); dest->xp.len = src->xp.len; /* for each source xpd allocate a destination xpd and copy */ list_for_each_entry(src_xpd, &src->xpd_head, xpd_list) { dest_xpd = avc_xperms_decision_alloc(src_xpd->xpd.used); if (!dest_xpd) goto error; avc_copy_xperms_decision(&dest_xpd->xpd, &src_xpd->xpd); list_add(&dest_xpd->xpd_list, &dest->xpd_head); } node->ae.xp_node = dest; return 0; error: avc_xperms_free(dest); return -ENOMEM; } static inline u32 avc_xperms_audit_required(u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, int result, u32 *deniedp) { u32 denied, audited; denied = requested & ~avd->allowed; if (unlikely(denied)) { audited = denied & avd->auditdeny; if (audited && xpd) { if (avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, perm, XPERMS_DONTAUDIT)) audited &= ~requested; } } else if (result) { audited = denied = requested; } else { audited = requested & avd->auditallow; if (audited && xpd) { if (!avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, perm, XPERMS_AUDITALLOW)) audited &= ~requested; } } *deniedp = denied; return audited; } static inline int avc_xperms_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, int result, struct common_audit_data *ad) { u32 audited, denied; audited = avc_xperms_audit_required( requested, avd, xpd, perm, result, &denied); if (likely(!audited)) return 0; return slow_avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, audited, denied, result, ad); } static void avc_node_free(struct rcu_head *rhead) { struct avc_node *node = container_of(rhead, struct avc_node, rhead); avc_xperms_free(node->ae.xp_node); kmem_cache_free(avc_node_cachep, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(frees); } static void avc_node_delete(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *node) { hlist_del_rcu(&node->list); call_rcu(&node->rhead, avc_node_free); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static void avc_node_kill(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *node) { avc_xperms_free(node->ae.xp_node); kmem_cache_free(avc_node_cachep, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(frees); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static void avc_node_replace(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *new, struct avc_node *old) { hlist_replace_rcu(&old->list, &new->list); call_rcu(&old->rhead, avc_node_free); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static inline int avc_reclaim_node(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct avc_node *node; int hvalue, try, ecx; unsigned long flags; struct hlist_head *head; spinlock_t *lock; for (try = 0, ecx = 0; try < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; try++) { hvalue = atomic_inc_return(&avc->avc_cache.lru_hint) & (AVC_CACHE_SLOTS - 1); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; if (!spin_trylock_irqsave(lock, flags)) continue; rcu_read_lock(); hlist_for_each_entry(node, head, list) { avc_node_delete(avc, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(reclaims); ecx++; if (ecx >= AVC_CACHE_RECLAIM) { rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); goto out; } } rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); } out: return ecx; } static struct avc_node *avc_alloc_node(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct avc_node *node; node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_node_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!node) goto out; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&node->list); avc_cache_stats_incr(allocations); if (atomic_inc_return(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes) > avc->avc_cache_threshold) avc_reclaim_node(avc); out: return node; } static void avc_node_populate(struct avc_node *node, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd) { node->ae.ssid = ssid; node->ae.tsid = tsid; node->ae.tclass = tclass; memcpy(&node->ae.avd, avd, sizeof(node->ae.avd)); } static inline struct avc_node *avc_search_node(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { struct avc_node *node, *ret = NULL; int hvalue; struct hlist_head *head; hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(node, head, list) { if (ssid == node->ae.ssid && tclass == node->ae.tclass && tsid == node->ae.tsid) { ret = node; break; } } return ret; } /** * avc_lookup - Look up an AVC entry. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * * Look up an AVC entry that is valid for the * (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass. If a valid AVC entry exists, * then this function returns the avc_node. * Otherwise, this function returns NULL. */ static struct avc_node *avc_lookup(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { struct avc_node *node; avc_cache_stats_incr(lookups); node = avc_search_node(avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (node) return node; avc_cache_stats_incr(misses); return NULL; } static int avc_latest_notif_update(struct selinux_avc *avc, int seqno, int is_insert) { int ret = 0; static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(notif_lock); unsigned long flag; spin_lock_irqsave(&notif_lock, flag); if (is_insert) { if (seqno < avc->avc_cache.latest_notif) { pr_warn("SELinux: avc: seqno %d < latest_notif %d\n", seqno, avc->avc_cache.latest_notif); ret = -EAGAIN; } } else { if (seqno > avc->avc_cache.latest_notif) avc->avc_cache.latest_notif = seqno; } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&notif_lock, flag); return ret; } /** * avc_insert - Insert an AVC entry. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @avd: resulting av decision * @xp_node: resulting extended permissions * * Insert an AVC entry for the SID pair * (@ssid, @tsid) and class @tclass. * The access vectors and the sequence number are * normally provided by the security server in * response to a security_compute_av() call. If the * sequence number @avd->seqno is not less than the latest * revocation notification, then the function copies * the access vectors into a cache entry, returns * avc_node inserted. Otherwise, this function returns NULL. */ static struct avc_node *avc_insert(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_node *pos, *node = NULL; int hvalue; unsigned long flag; spinlock_t *lock; struct hlist_head *head; if (avc_latest_notif_update(avc, avd->seqno, 1)) return NULL; node = avc_alloc_node(avc); if (!node) return NULL; avc_node_populate(node, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd); if (avc_xperms_populate(node, xp_node)) { avc_node_kill(avc, node); return NULL; } hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, list) { if (pos->ae.ssid == ssid && pos->ae.tsid == tsid && pos->ae.tclass == tclass) { avc_node_replace(avc, node, pos); goto found; } } hlist_add_head_rcu(&node->list, head); found: spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); return node; } /** * avc_audit_pre_callback - SELinux specific information * will be called by generic audit code * @ab: the audit buffer * @a: audit_data */ static void avc_audit_pre_callback(struct audit_buffer *ab, void *a) { struct common_audit_data *ad = a; struct selinux_audit_data *sad = ad->selinux_audit_data; u32 av = sad->audited; const char **perms; int i, perm; audit_log_format(ab, "avc: %s ", sad->denied ? "denied" : "granted"); if (av == 0) { audit_log_format(ab, " null"); return; } perms = secclass_map[sad->tclass-1].perms; audit_log_format(ab, " {"); i = 0; perm = 1; while (i < (sizeof(av) * 8)) { if ((perm & av) && perms[i]) { audit_log_format(ab, " %s", perms[i]); av &= ~perm; } i++; perm <<= 1; } if (av) audit_log_format(ab, " 0x%x", av); audit_log_format(ab, " } for "); } /** * avc_audit_post_callback - SELinux specific information * will be called by generic audit code * @ab: the audit buffer * @a: audit_data */ static void avc_audit_post_callback(struct audit_buffer *ab, void *a) { struct common_audit_data *ad = a; struct selinux_audit_data *sad = ad->selinux_audit_data; char *scontext = NULL; char *tcontext = NULL; const char *tclass = NULL; u32 scontext_len; u32 tcontext_len; int rc; rc = security_sid_to_context(sad->state, sad->ssid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (rc) audit_log_format(ab, " ssid=%d", sad->ssid); else audit_log_format(ab, " scontext=%s", scontext); rc = security_sid_to_context(sad->state, sad->tsid, &tcontext, &tcontext_len); if (rc) audit_log_format(ab, " tsid=%d", sad->tsid); else audit_log_format(ab, " tcontext=%s", tcontext); tclass = secclass_map[sad->tclass-1].name; audit_log_format(ab, " tclass=%s", tclass); if (sad->denied) audit_log_format(ab, " permissive=%u", sad->result ? 0 : 1); trace_selinux_audited(sad, scontext, tcontext, tclass); kfree(tcontext); kfree(scontext); /* in case of invalid context report also the actual context string */ rc = security_sid_to_context_inval(sad->state, sad->ssid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (!rc && scontext) { if (scontext_len && scontext[scontext_len - 1] == '\0') scontext_len--; audit_log_format(ab, " srawcon="); audit_log_n_untrustedstring(ab, scontext, scontext_len); kfree(scontext); } rc = security_sid_to_context_inval(sad->state, sad->tsid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (!rc && scontext) { if (scontext_len && scontext[scontext_len - 1] == '\0') scontext_len--; audit_log_format(ab, " trawcon="); audit_log_n_untrustedstring(ab, scontext, scontext_len); kfree(scontext); } } /* This is the slow part of avc audit with big stack footprint */ noinline int slow_avc_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u32 audited, u32 denied, int result, struct common_audit_data *a) { struct common_audit_data stack_data; struct selinux_audit_data sad; if (WARN_ON(!tclass || tclass >= ARRAY_SIZE(secclass_map))) return -EINVAL; if (!a) { a = &stack_data; a->type = LSM_AUDIT_DATA_NONE; } sad.tclass = tclass; sad.requested = requested; sad.ssid = ssid; sad.tsid = tsid; sad.audited = audited; sad.denied = denied; sad.result = result; sad.state = state; a->selinux_audit_data = &sad; common_lsm_audit(a, avc_audit_pre_callback, avc_audit_post_callback); return 0; } /** * avc_add_callback - Register a callback for security events. * @callback: callback function * @events: security events * * Register a callback function for events in the set @events. * Returns %0 on success or -%ENOMEM if insufficient memory * exists to add the callback. */ int __init avc_add_callback(int (*callback)(u32 event), u32 events) { struct avc_callback_node *c; int rc = 0; c = kmalloc(sizeof(*c), GFP_KERNEL); if (!c) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out; } c->callback = callback; c->events = events; c->next = avc_callbacks; avc_callbacks = c; out: return rc; } /** * avc_update_node Update an AVC entry * @event : Updating event * @perms : Permission mask bits * @ssid,@tsid,@tclass : identifier of an AVC entry * @seqno : sequence number when decision was made * @xpd: extended_perms_decision to be added to the node * @flags: the AVC_* flags, e.g. AVC_NONBLOCKING, AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS, or 0. * * if a valid AVC entry doesn't exist,this function returns -ENOENT. * if kmalloc() called internal returns NULL, this function returns -ENOMEM. * otherwise, this function updates the AVC entry. The original AVC-entry object * will release later by RCU. */ static int avc_update_node(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 event, u32 perms, u8 driver, u8 xperm, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 seqno, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u32 flags) { int hvalue, rc = 0; unsigned long flag; struct avc_node *pos, *node, *orig = NULL; struct hlist_head *head; spinlock_t *lock; /* * If we are in a non-blocking code path, e.g. VFS RCU walk, * then we must not add permissions to a cache entry * because we will not audit the denial. Otherwise, * during the subsequent blocking retry (e.g. VFS ref walk), we * will find the permissions already granted in the cache entry * and won't audit anything at all, leading to silent denials in * permissive mode that only appear when in enforcing mode. * * See the corresponding handling of MAY_NOT_BLOCK in avc_audit() * and selinux_inode_permission(). */ if (flags & AVC_NONBLOCKING) return 0; node = avc_alloc_node(avc); if (!node) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out; } /* Lock the target slot */ hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, list) { if (ssid == pos->ae.ssid && tsid == pos->ae.tsid && tclass == pos->ae.tclass && seqno == pos->ae.avd.seqno){ orig = pos; break; } } if (!orig) { rc = -ENOENT; avc_node_kill(avc, node); goto out_unlock; } /* * Copy and replace original node. */ avc_node_populate(node, ssid, tsid, tclass, &orig->ae.avd); if (orig->ae.xp_node) { rc = avc_xperms_populate(node, orig->ae.xp_node); if (rc) { avc_node_kill(avc, node); goto out_unlock; } } switch (event) { case AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT: node->ae.avd.allowed |= perms; if (node->ae.xp_node && (flags & AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS)) avc_xperms_allow_perm(node->ae.xp_node, driver, xperm); break; case AVC_CALLBACK_TRY_REVOKE: case AVC_CALLBACK_REVOKE: node->ae.avd.allowed &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_ENABLE: node->ae.avd.auditallow |= perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_DISABLE: node->ae.avd.auditallow &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_ENABLE: node->ae.avd.auditdeny |= perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_DISABLE: node->ae.avd.auditdeny &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS: avc_add_xperms_decision(node, xpd); break; } avc_node_replace(avc, node, orig); out_unlock: spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); out: return rc; } /** * avc_flush - Flush the cache */ static void avc_flush(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct hlist_head *head; struct avc_node *node; spinlock_t *lock; unsigned long flag; int i; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[i]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[i]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); /* * With preemptable RCU, the outer spinlock does not * prevent RCU grace periods from ending. */ rcu_read_lock(); hlist_for_each_entry(node, head, list) avc_node_delete(avc, node); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); } } /** * avc_ss_reset - Flush the cache and revalidate migrated permissions. * @seqno: policy sequence number */ int avc_ss_reset(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 seqno) { struct avc_callback_node *c; int rc = 0, tmprc; avc_flush(avc); for (c = avc_callbacks; c; c = c->next) { if (c->events & AVC_CALLBACK_RESET) { tmprc = c->callback(AVC_CALLBACK_RESET); /* save the first error encountered for the return value and continue processing the callbacks */ if (!rc) rc = tmprc; } } avc_latest_notif_update(avc, seqno, 0); return rc; } /* * Slow-path helper function for avc_has_perm_noaudit, * when the avc_node lookup fails. We get called with * the RCU read lock held, and need to return with it * still held, but drop if for the security compute. * * Don't inline this, since it's the slow-path and just * results in a bigger stack frame. */ static noinline struct avc_node *avc_compute_av(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { rcu_read_unlock(); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xp_node->xpd_head); security_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, &xp_node->xp); rcu_read_lock(); return avc_insert(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, xp_node); } static noinline int avc_denied(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 xperm, unsigned int flags, struct av_decision *avd) { if (flags & AVC_STRICT) return -EACCES; if (enforcing_enabled(state) && !(avd->flags & AVD_FLAGS_PERMISSIVE)) return -EACCES; avc_update_node(state->avc, AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT, requested, driver, xperm, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd->seqno, NULL, flags); return 0; } /* * The avc extended permissions logic adds an additional 256 bits of * permissions to an avc node when extended permissions for that node are * specified in the avtab. If the additional 256 permissions is not adequate, * as-is the case with ioctls, then multiple may be chained together and the * driver field is used to specify which set contains the permission. */ int avc_has_extended_perms(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 xperm, struct common_audit_data *ad) { struct avc_node *node; struct av_decision avd; u32 denied; struct extended_perms_decision local_xpd; struct extended_perms_decision *xpd = NULL; struct extended_perms_data allowed; struct extended_perms_data auditallow; struct extended_perms_data dontaudit; struct avc_xperms_node local_xp_node; struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; int rc = 0, rc2; xp_node = &local_xp_node; if (WARN_ON(!requested)) return -EACCES; rcu_read_lock(); node = avc_lookup(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (unlikely(!node)) { node = avc_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, &avd, xp_node); } else { memcpy(&avd, &node->ae.avd, sizeof(avd)); xp_node = node->ae.xp_node; } /* if extended permissions are not defined, only consider av_decision */ if (!xp_node || !xp_node->xp.len) goto decision; local_xpd.allowed = &allowed; local_xpd.auditallow = &auditallow; local_xpd.dontaudit = &dontaudit; xpd = avc_xperms_decision_lookup(driver, xp_node); if (unlikely(!xpd)) { /* * Compute the extended_perms_decision only if the driver * is flagged */ if (!security_xperm_test(xp_node->xp.drivers.p, driver)) { avd.allowed &= ~requested; goto decision; } rcu_read_unlock(); security_compute_xperms_decision(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, driver, &local_xpd); rcu_read_lock(); avc_update_node(state->avc, AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS, requested, driver, xperm, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd.seqno, &local_xpd, 0); } else { avc_quick_copy_xperms_decision(xperm, &local_xpd, xpd); } xpd = &local_xpd; if (!avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, xperm, XPERMS_ALLOWED)) avd.allowed &= ~requested; decision: denied = requested & ~(avd.allowed); if (unlikely(denied)) rc = avc_denied(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, driver, xperm, AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS, &avd); rcu_read_unlock(); rc2 = avc_xperms_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, xpd, xperm, rc, ad); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } /** * avc_has_perm_noaudit - Check permissions but perform no auditing. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions, interpreted based on @tclass * @flags: AVC_STRICT, AVC_NONBLOCKING, or 0 * @avd: access vector decisions * * Check the AVC to determine whether the @requested permissions are granted * for the SID pair (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass, and call the security server on a cache miss to obtain * a new decision and add it to the cache. Return a copy of the decisions * in @avd. Return %0 if all @requested permissions are granted, * -%EACCES if any permissions are denied, or another -errno upon * other errors. This function is typically called by avc_has_perm(), * but may also be called directly to separate permission checking from * auditing, e.g. in cases where a lock must be held for the check but * should be released for the auditing. */ inline int avc_has_perm_noaudit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, unsigned int flags, struct av_decision *avd) { struct avc_node *node; struct avc_xperms_node xp_node; int rc = 0; u32 denied; if (WARN_ON(!requested)) return -EACCES; rcu_read_lock(); node = avc_lookup(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (unlikely(!node)) node = avc_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, &xp_node); else memcpy(avd, &node->ae.avd, sizeof(*avd)); denied = requested & ~(avd->allowed); if (unlikely(denied)) rc = avc_denied(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, 0, 0, flags, avd); rcu_read_unlock(); return rc; } /** * avc_has_perm - Check permissions and perform any appropriate auditing. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions, interpreted based on @tclass * @auditdata: auxiliary audit data * * Check the AVC to determine whether the @requested permissions are granted * for the SID pair (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass, and call the security server on a cache miss to obtain * a new decision and add it to the cache. Audit the granting or denial of * permissions in accordance with the policy. Return %0 if all @requested * permissions are granted, -%EACCES if any permissions are denied, or * another -errno upon other errors. */ int avc_has_perm(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata) { struct av_decision avd; int rc, rc2; rc = avc_has_perm_noaudit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, 0, &avd); rc2 = avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, rc, auditdata, 0); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } int avc_has_perm_flags(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata, int flags) { struct av_decision avd; int rc, rc2; rc = avc_has_perm_noaudit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, (flags & MAY_NOT_BLOCK) ? AVC_NONBLOCKING : 0, &avd); rc2 = avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, rc, auditdata, flags); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } u32 avc_policy_seqno(struct selinux_state *state) { return state->avc->avc_cache.latest_notif; } void avc_disable(void) { /* * If you are looking at this because you have realized that we are * not destroying the avc_node_cachep it might be easy to fix, but * I don't know the memory barrier semantics well enough to know. It's * possible that some other task dereferenced security_ops when * it still pointed to selinux operations. If that is the case it's * possible that it is about to use the avc and is about to need the * avc_node_cachep. I know I could wrap the security.c security_ops call * in an rcu_lock, but seriously, it's not worth it. Instead I just flush * the cache and get that memory back. */ if (avc_node_cachep) { avc_flush(selinux_state.avc); /* kmem_cache_destroy(avc_node_cachep); */ } }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Copyright (C) 1994 Linus Torvalds * * Pentium III FXSR, SSE support * General FPU state handling cleanups * Gareth Hughes <gareth@valinux.com>, May 2000 */ #include <asm/fpu/internal.h> #include <asm/fpu/regset.h> #include <asm/fpu/signal.h> #include <asm/fpu/types.h> #include <asm/traps.h> #include <asm/irq_regs.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/pkeys.h> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <asm/trace/fpu.h> /* * Represents the initial FPU state. It's mostly (but not completely) zeroes, * depending on the FPU hardware format: */ union fpregs_state init_fpstate __read_mostly; /* * Track whether the kernel is using the FPU state * currently. * * This flag is used: * * - by IRQ context code to potentially use the FPU * if it's unused. * * - to debug kernel_fpu_begin()/end() correctness */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, in_kernel_fpu); /* * Track which context is using the FPU on the CPU: */ DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct fpu *, fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx); static bool kernel_fpu_disabled(void) { return this_cpu_read(in_kernel_fpu); } static bool interrupted_kernel_fpu_idle(void) { return !kernel_fpu_disabled(); } /* * Were we in user mode (or vm86 mode) when we were * interrupted? * * Doing kernel_fpu_begin/end() is ok if we are running * in an interrupt context from user mode - we'll just * save the FPU state as required. */ static bool interrupted_user_mode(void) { struct pt_regs *regs = get_irq_regs(); return regs && user_mode(regs); } /* * Can we use the FPU in kernel mode with the * whole "kernel_fpu_begin/end()" sequence? * * It's always ok in process context (ie "not interrupt") * but it is sometimes ok even from an irq. */ bool irq_fpu_usable(void) { return !in_interrupt() || interrupted_user_mode() || interrupted_kernel_fpu_idle(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(irq_fpu_usable); /* * These must be called with preempt disabled. Returns * 'true' if the FPU state is still intact and we can * keep registers active. * * The legacy FNSAVE instruction cleared all FPU state * unconditionally, so registers are essentially destroyed. * Modern FPU state can be kept in registers, if there are * no pending FP exceptions. */ int copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(struct fpu *fpu) { if (likely(use_xsave())) { copy_xregs_to_kernel(&fpu->state.xsave); /* * AVX512 state is tracked here because its use is * known to slow the max clock speed of the core. */ if (fpu->state.xsave.header.xfeatures & XFEATURE_MASK_AVX512) fpu->avx512_timestamp = jiffies; return 1; } if (likely(use_fxsr())) { copy_fxregs_to_kernel(fpu); return 1; } /* * Legacy FPU register saving, FNSAVE always clears FPU registers, * so we have to mark them inactive: */ asm volatile("fnsave %[fp]; fwait" : [fp] "=m" (fpu->state.fsave)); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(copy_fpregs_to_fpstate); void kernel_fpu_begin_mask(unsigned int kfpu_mask) { preempt_disable(); WARN_ON_FPU(!irq_fpu_usable()); WARN_ON_FPU(this_cpu_read(in_kernel_fpu)); this_cpu_write(in_kernel_fpu, true); if (!(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD) && !test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD)) { set_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); /* * Ignore return value -- we don't care if reg state * is clobbered. */ copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(&current->thread.fpu); } __cpu_invalidate_fpregs_state(); /* Put sane initial values into the control registers. */ if (likely(kfpu_mask & KFPU_MXCSR) && boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XMM)) ldmxcsr(MXCSR_DEFAULT); if (unlikely(kfpu_mask & KFPU_387) && boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) asm volatile ("fninit"); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kernel_fpu_begin_mask); void kernel_fpu_end(void) { WARN_ON_FPU(!this_cpu_read(in_kernel_fpu)); this_cpu_write(in_kernel_fpu, false); preempt_enable(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kernel_fpu_end); /* * Save the FPU state (mark it for reload if necessary): * * This only ever gets called for the current task. */ void fpu__save(struct fpu *fpu) { WARN_ON_FPU(fpu != &current->thread.fpu); fpregs_lock(); trace_x86_fpu_before_save(fpu); if (!test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD)) { if (!copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(fpu)) { copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&fpu->state); } } trace_x86_fpu_after_save(fpu); fpregs_unlock(); } /* * Legacy x87 fpstate state init: */ static inline void fpstate_init_fstate(struct fregs_state *fp) { fp->cwd = 0xffff037fu; fp->swd = 0xffff0000u; fp->twd = 0xffffffffu; fp->fos = 0xffff0000u; } void fpstate_init(union fpregs_state *state) { if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) { fpstate_init_soft(&state->soft); return; } memset(state, 0, fpu_kernel_xstate_size); if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVES)) fpstate_init_xstate(&state->xsave); if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FXSR)) fpstate_init_fxstate(&state->fxsave); else fpstate_init_fstate(&state->fsave); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fpstate_init); int fpu__copy(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src) { struct fpu *dst_fpu = &dst->thread.fpu; struct fpu *src_fpu = &src->thread.fpu; dst_fpu->last_cpu = -1; if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) return 0; WARN_ON_FPU(src_fpu != &current->thread.fpu); /* * Don't let 'init optimized' areas of the XSAVE area * leak into the child task: */ memset(&dst_fpu->state.xsave, 0, fpu_kernel_xstate_size); /* * If the FPU registers are not current just memcpy() the state. * Otherwise save current FPU registers directly into the child's FPU * context, without any memory-to-memory copying. * * ( The function 'fails' in the FNSAVE case, which destroys * register contents so we have to load them back. ) */ fpregs_lock(); if (test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD)) memcpy(&dst_fpu->state, &src_fpu->state, fpu_kernel_xstate_size); else if (!copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(dst_fpu)) copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&dst_fpu->state); fpregs_unlock(); set_tsk_thread_flag(dst, TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); trace_x86_fpu_copy_src(src_fpu); trace_x86_fpu_copy_dst(dst_fpu); return 0; } /* * Activate the current task's in-memory FPU context, * if it has not been used before: */ static void fpu__initialize(struct fpu *fpu) { WARN_ON_FPU(fpu != &current->thread.fpu); set_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); fpstate_init(&fpu->state); trace_x86_fpu_init_state(fpu); } /* * This function must be called before we read a task's fpstate. * * There's two cases where this gets called: * * - for the current task (when coredumping), in which case we have * to save the latest FPU registers into the fpstate, * * - or it's called for stopped tasks (ptrace), in which case the * registers were already saved by the context-switch code when * the task scheduled out. * * If the task has used the FPU before then save it. */ void fpu__prepare_read(struct fpu *fpu) { if (fpu == &current->thread.fpu) fpu__save(fpu); } /* * This function must be called before we write a task's fpstate. * * Invalidate any cached FPU registers. * * After this function call, after registers in the fpstate are * modified and the child task has woken up, the child task will * restore the modified FPU state from the modified context. If we * didn't clear its cached status here then the cached in-registers * state pending on its former CPU could be restored, corrupting * the modifications. */ void fpu__prepare_write(struct fpu *fpu) { /* * Only stopped child tasks can be used to modify the FPU * state in the fpstate buffer: */ WARN_ON_FPU(fpu == &current->thread.fpu); /* Invalidate any cached state: */ __fpu_invalidate_fpregs_state(fpu); } /* * Drops current FPU state: deactivates the fpregs and * the fpstate. NOTE: it still leaves previous contents * in the fpregs in the eager-FPU case. * * This function can be used in cases where we know that * a state-restore is coming: either an explicit one, * or a reschedule. */ void fpu__drop(struct fpu *fpu) { preempt_disable(); if (fpu == &current->thread.fpu) { /* Ignore delayed exceptions from user space */ asm volatile("1: fwait\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 2b)); fpregs_deactivate(fpu); } trace_x86_fpu_dropped(fpu); preempt_enable(); } /* * Clear FPU registers by setting them up from the init fpstate. * Caller must do fpregs_[un]lock() around it. */ static inline void copy_init_fpstate_to_fpregs(u64 features_mask) { if (use_xsave()) copy_kernel_to_xregs(&init_fpstate.xsave, features_mask); else if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FXSR)) copy_kernel_to_fxregs(&init_fpstate.fxsave); else copy_kernel_to_fregs(&init_fpstate.fsave); if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) copy_init_pkru_to_fpregs(); } /* * Clear the FPU state back to init state. * * Called by sys_execve(), by the signal handler code and by various * error paths. */ static void fpu__clear(struct fpu *fpu, bool user_only) { WARN_ON_FPU(fpu != &current->thread.fpu); if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) { fpu__drop(fpu); fpu__initialize(fpu); return; } fpregs_lock(); if (user_only) { if (!fpregs_state_valid(fpu, smp_processor_id()) && xfeatures_mask_supervisor()) copy_kernel_to_xregs(&fpu->state.xsave, xfeatures_mask_supervisor()); copy_init_fpstate_to_fpregs(xfeatures_mask_user()); } else { copy_init_fpstate_to_fpregs(xfeatures_mask_all); } fpregs_mark_activate(); fpregs_unlock(); } void fpu__clear_user_states(struct fpu *fpu) { fpu__clear(fpu, true); } void fpu__clear_all(struct fpu *fpu) { fpu__clear(fpu, false); } /* * Load FPU context before returning to userspace. */ void switch_fpu_return(void) { if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) return; __fpregs_load_activate(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(switch_fpu_return); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_DEBUG_FPU /* * If current FPU state according to its tracking (loaded FPU context on this * CPU) is not valid then we must have TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD set so the context is * loaded on return to userland. */ void fpregs_assert_state_consistent(void) { struct fpu *fpu = &current->thread.fpu; if (test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD)) return; WARN_ON_FPU(!fpregs_state_valid(fpu, smp_processor_id())); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fpregs_assert_state_consistent); #endif void fpregs_mark_activate(void) { struct fpu *fpu = &current->thread.fpu; fpregs_activate(fpu); fpu->last_cpu = smp_processor_id(); clear_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fpregs_mark_activate); /* * x87 math exception handling: */ int fpu__exception_code(struct fpu *fpu, int trap_nr) { int err; if (trap_nr == X86_TRAP_MF) { unsigned short cwd, swd; /* * (~cwd & swd) will mask out exceptions that are not set to unmasked * status. 0x3f is the exception bits in these regs, 0x200 is the * C1 reg you need in case of a stack fault, 0x040 is the stack * fault bit. We should only be taking one exception at a time, * so if this combination doesn't produce any single exception, * then we have a bad program that isn't synchronizing its FPU usage * and it will suffer the consequences since we won't be able to * fully reproduce the context of the exception. */ if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FXSR)) { cwd = fpu->state.fxsave.cwd; swd = fpu->state.fxsave.swd; } else { cwd = (unsigned short)fpu->state.fsave.cwd; swd = (unsigned short)fpu->state.fsave.swd; } err = swd & ~cwd; } else { /* * The SIMD FPU exceptions are handled a little differently, as there * is only a single status/control register. Thus, to determine which * unmasked exception was caught we must mask the exception mask bits * at 0x1f80, and then use these to mask the exception bits at 0x3f. */ unsigned short mxcsr = MXCSR_DEFAULT; if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XMM)) mxcsr = fpu->state.fxsave.mxcsr; err = ~(mxcsr >> 7) & mxcsr; } if (err & 0x001) { /* Invalid op */ /* * swd & 0x240 == 0x040: Stack Underflow * swd & 0x240 == 0x240: Stack Overflow * User must clear the SF bit (0x40) if set */ return FPE_FLTINV; } else if (err & 0x004) { /* Divide by Zero */ return FPE_FLTDIV; } else if (err & 0x008) { /* Overflow */ return FPE_FLTOVF; } else if (err & 0x012) { /* Denormal, Underflow */ return FPE_FLTUND; } else if (err & 0x020) { /* Precision */ return FPE_FLTRES; } /* * If we're using IRQ 13, or supposedly even some trap * X86_TRAP_MF implementations, it's possible * we get a spurious trap, which is not an error. */ return 0; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Filesystem access notification for Linux * * Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc., Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> */ #ifndef __LINUX_FSNOTIFY_BACKEND_H #define __LINUX_FSNOTIFY_BACKEND_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/idr.h> /* inotify uses this */ #include <linux/fs.h> /* struct inode */ #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/path.h> /* struct path */ #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> /* * IN_* from inotfy.h lines up EXACTLY with FS_*, this is so we can easily * convert between them. dnotify only needs conversion at watch creation * so no perf loss there. fanotify isn't defined yet, so it can use the * wholes if it needs more events. */ #define FS_ACCESS 0x00000001 /* File was accessed */ #define FS_MODIFY 0x00000002 /* File was modified */ #define FS_ATTRIB 0x00000004 /* Metadata changed */ #define FS_CLOSE_WRITE 0x00000008 /* Writtable file was closed */ #define FS_CLOSE_NOWRITE 0x00000010 /* Unwrittable file closed */ #define FS_OPEN 0x00000020 /* File was opened */ #define FS_MOVED_FROM 0x00000040 /* File was moved from X */ #define FS_MOVED_TO 0x00000080 /* File was moved to Y */ #define FS_CREATE 0x00000100 /* Subfile was created */ #define FS_DELETE 0x00000200 /* Subfile was deleted */ #define FS_DELETE_SELF 0x00000400 /* Self was deleted */ #define FS_MOVE_SELF 0x00000800 /* Self was moved */ #define FS_OPEN_EXEC 0x00001000 /* File was opened for exec */ #define FS_UNMOUNT 0x00002000 /* inode on umount fs */ #define FS_Q_OVERFLOW 0x00004000 /* Event queued overflowed */ #define FS_IN_IGNORED 0x00008000 /* last inotify event here */ #define FS_OPEN_PERM 0x00010000 /* open event in an permission hook */ #define FS_ACCESS_PERM 0x00020000 /* access event in a permissions hook */ #define FS_OPEN_EXEC_PERM 0x00040000 /* open/exec event in a permission hook */ #define FS_EXCL_UNLINK 0x04000000 /* do not send events if object is unlinked */ /* * Set on inode mark that cares about things that happen to its children. * Always set for dnotify and inotify. * Set on inode/sb/mount marks that care about parent/name info. */ #define FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD 0x08000000 #define FS_DN_RENAME 0x10000000 /* file renamed */ #define FS_DN_MULTISHOT 0x20000000 /* dnotify multishot */ #define FS_ISDIR 0x40000000 /* event occurred against dir */ #define FS_IN_ONESHOT 0x80000000 /* only send event once */ #define FS_MOVE (FS_MOVED_FROM | FS_MOVED_TO) /* * Directory entry modification events - reported only to directory * where entry is modified and not to a watching parent. * The watching parent may get an FS_ATTRIB|FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD event * when a directory entry inside a child subdir changes. */ #define ALL_FSNOTIFY_DIRENT_EVENTS (FS_CREATE | FS_DELETE | FS_MOVE) #define ALL_FSNOTIFY_PERM_EVENTS (FS_OPEN_PERM | FS_ACCESS_PERM | \ FS_OPEN_EXEC_PERM) /* * This is a list of all events that may get sent to a parent that is watching * with flag FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD based on fs event on a child of that directory. */ #define FS_EVENTS_POSS_ON_CHILD (ALL_FSNOTIFY_PERM_EVENTS | \ FS_ACCESS | FS_MODIFY | FS_ATTRIB | \ FS_CLOSE_WRITE | FS_CLOSE_NOWRITE | \ FS_OPEN | FS_OPEN_EXEC) /* * This is a list of all events that may get sent with the parent inode as the * @to_tell argument of fsnotify(). * It may include events that can be sent to an inode/sb/mount mark, but cannot * be sent to a parent watching children. */ #define FS_EVENTS_POSS_TO_PARENT (FS_EVENTS_POSS_ON_CHILD) /* Events that can be reported to backends */ #define ALL_FSNOTIFY_EVENTS (ALL_FSNOTIFY_DIRENT_EVENTS | \ FS_EVENTS_POSS_ON_CHILD | \ FS_DELETE_SELF | FS_MOVE_SELF | FS_DN_RENAME | \ FS_UNMOUNT | FS_Q_OVERFLOW | FS_IN_IGNORED) /* Extra flags that may be reported with event or control handling of events */ #define ALL_FSNOTIFY_FLAGS (FS_EXCL_UNLINK | FS_ISDIR | FS_IN_ONESHOT | \ FS_DN_MULTISHOT | FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD) #define ALL_FSNOTIFY_BITS (ALL_FSNOTIFY_EVENTS | ALL_FSNOTIFY_FLAGS) struct fsnotify_group; struct fsnotify_event; struct fsnotify_mark; struct fsnotify_event_private_data; struct fsnotify_fname; struct fsnotify_iter_info; struct mem_cgroup; /* * Each group much define these ops. The fsnotify infrastructure will call * these operations for each relevant group. * * handle_event - main call for a group to handle an fs event * @group: group to notify * @mask: event type and flags * @data: object that event happened on * @data_type: type of object for fanotify_data_XXX() accessors * @dir: optional directory associated with event - * if @file_name is not NULL, this is the directory that * @file_name is relative to * @file_name: optional file name associated with event * @cookie: inotify rename cookie * @iter_info: array of marks from this group that are interested in the event * * handle_inode_event - simple variant of handle_event() for groups that only * have inode marks and don't have ignore mask * @mark: mark to notify * @mask: event type and flags * @inode: inode that event happened on * @dir: optional directory associated with event - * if @file_name is not NULL, this is the directory that * @file_name is relative to. * @file_name: optional file name associated with event * @cookie: inotify rename cookie * * free_group_priv - called when a group refcnt hits 0 to clean up the private union * freeing_mark - called when a mark is being destroyed for some reason. The group * MUST be holding a reference on each mark and that reference must be * dropped in this function. inotify uses this function to send * userspace messages that marks have been removed. */ struct fsnotify_ops { int (*handle_event)(struct fsnotify_group *group, u32 mask, const void *data, int data_type, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *file_name, u32 cookie, struct fsnotify_iter_info *iter_info); int (*handle_inode_event)(struct fsnotify_mark *mark, u32 mask, struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *file_name, u32 cookie); void (*free_group_priv)(struct fsnotify_group *group); void (*freeing_mark)(struct fsnotify_mark *mark, struct fsnotify_group *group); void (*free_event)(struct fsnotify_event *event); /* called on final put+free to free memory */ void (*free_mark)(struct fsnotify_mark *mark); }; /* * all of the information about the original object we want to now send to * a group. If you want to carry more info from the accessing task to the * listener this structure is where you need to be adding fields. */ struct fsnotify_event { struct list_head list; unsigned long objectid; /* identifier for queue merges */ }; /* * A group is a "thing" that wants to receive notification about filesystem * events. The mask holds the subset of event types this group cares about. * refcnt on a group is up to the implementor and at any moment if it goes 0 * everything will be cleaned up. */ struct fsnotify_group { const struct fsnotify_ops *ops; /* how this group handles things */ /* * How the refcnt is used is up to each group. When the refcnt hits 0 * fsnotify will clean up all of the resources associated with this group. * As an example, the dnotify group will always have a refcnt=1 and that * will never change. Inotify, on the other hand, has a group per * inotify_init() and the refcnt will hit 0 only when that fd has been * closed. */ refcount_t refcnt; /* things with interest in this group */ /* needed to send notification to userspace */ spinlock_t notification_lock; /* protect the notification_list */ struct list_head notification_list; /* list of event_holder this group needs to send to userspace */ wait_queue_head_t notification_waitq; /* read() on the notification file blocks on this waitq */ unsigned int q_len; /* events on the queue */ unsigned int max_events; /* maximum events allowed on the list */ /* * Valid fsnotify group priorities. Events are send in order from highest * priority to lowest priority. We default to the lowest priority. */ #define FS_PRIO_0 0 /* normal notifiers, no permissions */ #define FS_PRIO_1 1 /* fanotify content based access control */ #define FS_PRIO_2 2 /* fanotify pre-content access */ unsigned int priority; bool shutdown; /* group is being shut down, don't queue more events */ /* stores all fastpath marks assoc with this group so they can be cleaned on unregister */ struct mutex mark_mutex; /* protect marks_list */ atomic_t num_marks; /* 1 for each mark and 1 for not being * past the point of no return when freeing * a group */ atomic_t user_waits; /* Number of tasks waiting for user * response */ struct list_head marks_list; /* all inode marks for this group */ struct fasync_struct *fsn_fa; /* async notification */ struct fsnotify_event *overflow_event; /* Event we queue when the * notification list is too * full */ struct mem_cgroup *memcg; /* memcg to charge allocations */ /* groups can define private fields here or use the void *private */ union { void *private; #ifdef CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER struct inotify_group_private_data { spinlock_t idr_lock; struct idr idr; struct ucounts *ucounts; } inotify_data; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FANOTIFY struct fanotify_group_private_data { /* allows a group to block waiting for a userspace response */ struct list_head access_list; wait_queue_head_t access_waitq; int flags; /* flags from fanotify_init() */ int f_flags; /* event_f_flags from fanotify_init() */ unsigned int max_marks; struct user_struct *user; } fanotify_data; #endif /* CONFIG_FANOTIFY */ }; }; /* When calling fsnotify tell it if the data is a path or inode */ enum fsnotify_data_type { FSNOTIFY_EVENT_NONE, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE, }; static inline struct inode *fsnotify_data_inode(const void *data, int data_type) { switch (data_type) { case FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE: return (struct inode *)data; case FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH: return d_inode(((const struct path *)data)->dentry); default: return NULL; } } static inline const struct path *fsnotify_data_path(const void *data, int data_type) { switch (data_type) { case FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH: return data; default: return NULL; } } enum fsnotify_obj_type { FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_INODE, FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_PARENT, FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_VFSMOUNT, FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_SB, FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_COUNT, FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_DETACHED = FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_COUNT }; #define FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_INODE_FL (1U << FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_INODE) #define FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_PARENT_FL (1U << FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_PARENT) #define FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_VFSMOUNT_FL (1U << FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_VFSMOUNT) #define FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_SB_FL (1U << FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_SB) #define FSNOTIFY_OBJ_ALL_TYPES_MASK ((1U << FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_COUNT) - 1) static inline bool fsnotify_valid_obj_type(unsigned int type) { return (type < FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_COUNT); } struct fsnotify_iter_info { struct fsnotify_mark *marks[FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_COUNT]; unsigned int report_mask; int srcu_idx; }; static inline bool fsnotify_iter_should_report_type( struct fsnotify_iter_info *iter_info, int type) { return (iter_info->report_mask & (1U << type)); } static inline void fsnotify_iter_set_report_type( struct fsnotify_iter_info *iter_info, int type) { iter_info->report_mask |= (1U << type); } static inline void fsnotify_iter_set_report_type_mark( struct fsnotify_iter_info *iter_info, int type, struct fsnotify_mark *mark) { iter_info->marks[type] = mark; iter_info->report_mask |= (1U << type); } #define FSNOTIFY_ITER_FUNCS(name, NAME) \ static inline struct fsnotify_mark *fsnotify_iter_##name##_mark( \ struct fsnotify_iter_info *iter_info) \ { \ return (iter_info->report_mask & FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_##NAME##_FL) ? \ iter_info->marks[FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_##NAME] : NULL; \ } FSNOTIFY_ITER_FUNCS(inode, INODE) FSNOTIFY_ITER_FUNCS(parent, PARENT) FSNOTIFY_ITER_FUNCS(vfsmount, VFSMOUNT) FSNOTIFY_ITER_FUNCS(sb, SB) #define fsnotify_foreach_obj_type(type) \ for (type = 0; type < FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_COUNT; type++) /* * fsnotify_connp_t is what we embed in objects which connector can be attached * to. fsnotify_connp_t * is how we refer from connector back to object. */ struct fsnotify_mark_connector; typedef struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *fsnotify_connp_t; /* * Inode/vfsmount/sb point to this structure which tracks all marks attached to * the inode/vfsmount/sb. The reference to inode/vfsmount/sb is held by this * structure. We destroy this structure when there are no more marks attached * to it. The structure is protected by fsnotify_mark_srcu. */ struct fsnotify_mark_connector { spinlock_t lock; unsigned short type; /* Type of object [lock] */ #define FSNOTIFY_CONN_FLAG_HAS_FSID 0x01 unsigned short flags; /* flags [lock] */ __kernel_fsid_t fsid; /* fsid of filesystem containing object */ union { /* Object pointer [lock] */ fsnotify_connp_t *obj; /* Used listing heads to free after srcu period expires */ struct fsnotify_mark_connector *destroy_next; }; struct hlist_head list; }; /* * A mark is simply an object attached to an in core inode which allows an * fsnotify listener to indicate they are either no longer interested in events * of a type matching mask or only interested in those events. * * These are flushed when an inode is evicted from core and may be flushed * when the inode is modified (as seen by fsnotify_access). Some fsnotify * users (such as dnotify) will flush these when the open fd is closed and not * at inode eviction or modification. * * Text in brackets is showing the lock(s) protecting modifications of a * particular entry. obj_lock means either inode->i_lock or * mnt->mnt_root->d_lock depending on the mark type. */ struct fsnotify_mark { /* Mask this mark is for [mark->lock, group->mark_mutex] */ __u32 mask; /* We hold one for presence in g_list. Also one ref for each 'thing' * in kernel that found and may be using this mark. */ refcount_t refcnt; /* Group this mark is for. Set on mark creation, stable until last ref * is dropped */ struct fsnotify_group *group; /* List of marks by group->marks_list. Also reused for queueing * mark into destroy_list when it's waiting for the end of SRCU period * before it can be freed. [group->mark_mutex] */ struct list_head g_list; /* Protects inode / mnt pointers, flags, masks */ spinlock_t lock; /* List of marks for inode / vfsmount [connector->lock, mark ref] */ struct hlist_node obj_list; /* Head of list of marks for an object [mark ref] */ struct fsnotify_mark_connector *connector; /* Events types to ignore [mark->lock, group->mark_mutex] */ __u32 ignored_mask; #define FSNOTIFY_MARK_FLAG_IGNORED_SURV_MODIFY 0x01 #define FSNOTIFY_MARK_FLAG_ALIVE 0x02 #define FSNOTIFY_MARK_FLAG_ATTACHED 0x04 unsigned int flags; /* flags [mark->lock] */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY /* called from the vfs helpers */ /* main fsnotify call to send events */ extern int fsnotify(__u32 mask, const void *data, int data_type, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *name, struct inode *inode, u32 cookie); extern int __fsnotify_parent(struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask, const void *data, int data_type); extern void __fsnotify_inode_delete(struct inode *inode); extern void __fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(struct vfsmount *mnt); extern void fsnotify_sb_delete(struct super_block *sb); extern u32 fsnotify_get_cookie(void); static inline __u32 fsnotify_parent_needed_mask(__u32 mask) { /* FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD is set on marks that want parent/name info */ if (!(mask & FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD)) return 0; /* * This object might be watched by a mark that cares about parent/name * info, does it care about the specific set of events that can be * reported with parent/name info? */ return mask & FS_EVENTS_POSS_TO_PARENT; } static inline int fsnotify_inode_watches_children(struct inode *inode) { /* FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD is set if the inode may care */ if (!(inode->i_fsnotify_mask & FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD)) return 0; /* this inode might care about child events, does it care about the * specific set of events that can happen on a child? */ return inode->i_fsnotify_mask & FS_EVENTS_POSS_ON_CHILD; } /* * Update the dentry with a flag indicating the interest of its parent to receive * filesystem events when those events happens to this dentry->d_inode. */ static inline void fsnotify_update_flags(struct dentry *dentry) { assert_spin_locked(&dentry->d_lock); /* * Serialisation of setting PARENT_WATCHED on the dentries is provided * by d_lock. If inotify_inode_watched changes after we have taken * d_lock, the following __fsnotify_update_child_dentry_flags call will * find our entry, so it will spin until we complete here, and update * us with the new state. */ if (fsnotify_inode_watches_children(dentry->d_parent->d_inode)) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED; else dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED; } /* called from fsnotify listeners, such as fanotify or dnotify */ /* create a new group */ extern struct fsnotify_group *fsnotify_alloc_group(const struct fsnotify_ops *ops); /* get reference to a group */ extern void fsnotify_get_group(struct fsnotify_group *group); /* drop reference on a group from fsnotify_alloc_group */ extern void fsnotify_put_group(struct fsnotify_group *group); /* group destruction begins, stop queuing new events */ extern void fsnotify_group_stop_queueing(struct fsnotify_group *group); /* destroy group */ extern void fsnotify_destroy_group(struct fsnotify_group *group); /* fasync handler function */ extern int fsnotify_fasync(int fd, struct file *file, int on); /* Free event from memory */ extern void fsnotify_destroy_event(struct fsnotify_group *group, struct fsnotify_event *event); /* attach the event to the group notification queue */ extern int fsnotify_add_event(struct fsnotify_group *group, struct fsnotify_event *event, int (*merge)(struct list_head *, struct fsnotify_event *)); /* Queue overflow event to a notification group */ static inline void fsnotify_queue_overflow(struct fsnotify_group *group) { fsnotify_add_event(group, group->overflow_event, NULL); } /* true if the group notification queue is empty */ extern bool fsnotify_notify_queue_is_empty(struct fsnotify_group *group); /* return, but do not dequeue the first event on the notification queue */ extern struct fsnotify_event *fsnotify_peek_first_event(struct fsnotify_group *group); /* return AND dequeue the first event on the notification queue */ extern struct fsnotify_event *fsnotify_remove_first_event(struct fsnotify_group *group); /* Remove event queued in the notification list */ extern void fsnotify_remove_queued_event(struct fsnotify_group *group, struct fsnotify_event *event); /* functions used to manipulate the marks attached to inodes */ /* Get mask of events for a list of marks */ extern __u32 fsnotify_conn_mask(struct fsnotify_mark_connector *conn); /* Calculate mask of events for a list of marks */ extern void fsnotify_recalc_mask(struct fsnotify_mark_connector *conn); extern void fsnotify_init_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *mark, struct fsnotify_group *group); /* Find mark belonging to given group in the list of marks */ extern struct fsnotify_mark *fsnotify_find_mark(fsnotify_connp_t *connp, struct fsnotify_group *group); /* Get cached fsid of filesystem containing object */ extern int fsnotify_get_conn_fsid(const struct fsnotify_mark_connector *conn, __kernel_fsid_t *fsid); /* attach the mark to the object */ extern int fsnotify_add_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *mark, fsnotify_connp_t *connp, unsigned int type, int allow_dups, __kernel_fsid_t *fsid); extern int fsnotify_add_mark_locked(struct fsnotify_mark *mark, fsnotify_connp_t *connp, unsigned int type, int allow_dups, __kernel_fsid_t *fsid); /* attach the mark to the inode */ static inline int fsnotify_add_inode_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *mark, struct inode *inode, int allow_dups) { return fsnotify_add_mark(mark, &inode->i_fsnotify_marks, FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_INODE, allow_dups, NULL); } static inline int fsnotify_add_inode_mark_locked(struct fsnotify_mark *mark, struct inode *inode, int allow_dups) { return fsnotify_add_mark_locked(mark, &inode->i_fsnotify_marks, FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_INODE, allow_dups, NULL); } /* given a group and a mark, flag mark to be freed when all references are dropped */ extern void fsnotify_destroy_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *mark, struct fsnotify_group *group); /* detach mark from inode / mount list, group list, drop inode reference */ extern void fsnotify_detach_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *mark); /* free mark */ extern void fsnotify_free_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *mark); /* Wait until all marks queued for destruction are destroyed */ extern void fsnotify_wait_marks_destroyed(void); /* run all the marks in a group, and clear all of the marks attached to given object type */ extern void fsnotify_clear_marks_by_group(struct fsnotify_group *group, unsigned int type); /* run all the marks in a group, and clear all of the vfsmount marks */ static inline void fsnotify_clear_vfsmount_marks_by_group(struct fsnotify_group *group) { fsnotify_clear_marks_by_group(group, FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_VFSMOUNT_FL); } /* run all the marks in a group, and clear all of the inode marks */ static inline void fsnotify_clear_inode_marks_by_group(struct fsnotify_group *group) { fsnotify_clear_marks_by_group(group, FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_INODE_FL); } /* run all the marks in a group, and clear all of the sn marks */ static inline void fsnotify_clear_sb_marks_by_group(struct fsnotify_group *group) { fsnotify_clear_marks_by_group(group, FSNOTIFY_OBJ_TYPE_SB_FL); } extern void fsnotify_get_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *mark); extern void fsnotify_put_mark(struct fsnotify_mark *mark); extern void fsnotify_finish_user_wait(struct fsnotify_iter_info *iter_info); extern bool fsnotify_prepare_user_wait(struct fsnotify_iter_info *iter_info); static inline void fsnotify_init_event(struct fsnotify_event *event, unsigned long objectid) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&event->list); event->objectid = objectid; } #else static inline int fsnotify(__u32 mask, const void *data, int data_type, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *name, struct inode *inode, u32 cookie) { return 0; } static inline int __fsnotify_parent(struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask, const void *data, int data_type) { return 0; } static inline void __fsnotify_inode_delete(struct inode *inode) {} static inline void __fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(struct vfsmount *mnt) {} static inline void fsnotify_sb_delete(struct super_block *sb) {} static inline void fsnotify_update_flags(struct dentry *dentry) {} static inline u32 fsnotify_get_cookie(void) { return 0; } static inline void fsnotify_unmount_inodes(struct super_block *sb) {} #endif /* CONFIG_FSNOTIFY */ #endif /* __KERNEL __ */ #endif /* __LINUX_FSNOTIFY_BACKEND_H */
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Because list_empty() serves this * purpose. The list_empty() function fetches the RCU-protected pointer * and compares it to the address of the list head, but neither dereferences * this pointer itself nor provides this pointer to the caller. Therefore, * it is not necessary to use rcu_dereference(), so that list_empty() can * be used anywhere you would want to use a list_empty_rcu(). */ /* * INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU - Initialize a list_head visible to RCU readers * @list: list to be initialized * * You should instead use INIT_LIST_HEAD() for normal initialization and * cleanup tasks, when readers have no access to the list being initialized. * However, if the list being initialized is visible to readers, you * need to keep the compiler from being too mischievous. */ static inline void INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(struct list_head *list) { WRITE_ONCE(list->next, list); WRITE_ONCE(list->prev, list); } /* * return the ->next pointer of a list_head in an rcu safe * way, we must not access it directly */ #define list_next_rcu(list) (*((struct list_head __rcu **)(&(list)->next))) /** * list_tail_rcu - returns the prev pointer of the head of the list * @head: the head of the list * * Note: This should only be used with the list header, and even then * only if list_del() and similar primitives are not also used on the * list header. */ #define list_tail_rcu(head) (*((struct list_head __rcu **)(&(head)->prev))) /* * Check during list traversal that we are within an RCU reader */ #define check_arg_count_one(dummy) #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU_LIST #define __list_check_rcu(dummy, cond, extra...) \ ({ \ check_arg_count_one(extra); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(cond) && !rcu_read_lock_any_held(), \ "RCU-list traversed in non-reader section!"); \ }) #define __list_check_srcu(cond) \ ({ \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(cond), \ "RCU-list traversed without holding the required lock!");\ }) #else #define __list_check_rcu(dummy, cond, extra...) \ ({ check_arg_count_one(extra); }) #define __list_check_srcu(cond) ({ }) #endif /* * Insert a new entry between two known consecutive entries. * * This is only for internal list manipulation where we know * the prev/next entries already! */ static inline void __list_add_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next) { if (!__list_add_valid(new, prev, next)) return; new->next = next; new->prev = prev; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(prev), new); next->prev = new; } /** * list_add_rcu - add a new entry to rcu-protected list * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it after * * Insert a new entry after the specified head. * This is good for implementing stacks. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_add_rcu() * or list_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void list_add_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add_rcu(new, head, head->next); } /** * list_add_tail_rcu - add a new entry to rcu-protected list * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it before * * Insert a new entry before the specified head. * This is useful for implementing queues. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_add_tail_rcu() * or list_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void list_add_tail_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add_rcu(new, head->prev, head); } /** * list_del_rcu - deletes entry from list without re-initialization * @entry: the element to delete from the list. * * Note: list_empty() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_del_rcu() * or list_add_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). * * Note that the caller is not permitted to immediately free * the newly deleted entry. Instead, either synchronize_rcu() * or call_rcu() must be used to defer freeing until an RCU * grace period has elapsed. */ static inline void list_del_rcu(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del_entry(entry); entry->prev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * hlist_del_init_rcu - deletes entry from hash list with re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: list_unhashed() on the node return true after this. It is * useful for RCU based read lockfree traversal if the writer side * must know if the list entry is still hashed or already unhashed. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward pointers * that may still be used for walking the hash list and we can only * zero the pprev pointer so list_unhashed() will return true after * this. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary (such as * holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing with another * list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() or * hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. However, it is * perfectly legal to run concurrently with the _rcu list-traversal * primitives, such as hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void hlist_del_init_rcu(struct hlist_node *n) { if (!hlist_unhashed(n)) { __hlist_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, NULL); } } /** * list_replace_rcu - replace old entry by new one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * The @old entry will be replaced with the @new entry atomically. * Note: @old should not be empty. */ static inline void list_replace_rcu(struct list_head *old, struct list_head *new) { new->next = old->next; new->prev = old->prev; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(new->prev), new); new->next->prev = new; old->prev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * __list_splice_init_rcu - join an RCU-protected list into an existing list. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @prev: points to the last element of the existing list * @next: points to the first element of the existing list * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... * * The list pointed to by @prev and @next can be RCU-read traversed * concurrently with this function. * * Note that this function blocks. * * Important note: the caller must take whatever action is necessary to prevent * any other updates to the existing list. In principle, it is possible to * modify the list as soon as sync() begins execution. If this sort of thing * becomes necessary, an alternative version based on call_rcu() could be * created. But only if -really- needed -- there is no shortage of RCU API * members. */ static inline void __list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next, void (*sync)(void)) { struct list_head *first = list->next; struct list_head *last = list->prev; /* * "first" and "last" tracking list, so initialize it. RCU readers * have access to this list, so we must use INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU() * instead of INIT_LIST_HEAD(). */ INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(list); /* * At this point, the list body still points to the source list. * Wait for any readers to finish using the list before splicing * the list body into the new list. Any new readers will see * an empty list. */ sync(); ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_ACCESS(*first); ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_ACCESS(*last); /* * Readers are finished with the source list, so perform splice. * The order is important if the new list is global and accessible * to concurrent RCU readers. Note that RCU readers are not * permitted to traverse the prev pointers without excluding * this function. */ last->next = next; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(prev), first); first->prev = prev; next->prev = last; } /** * list_splice_init_rcu - splice an RCU-protected list into an existing list, * designed for stacks. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @head: the place in the existing list to splice the first list into * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... */ static inline void list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, void (*sync)(void)) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice_init_rcu(list, head, head->next, sync); } /** * list_splice_tail_init_rcu - splice an RCU-protected list into an existing * list, designed for queues. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @head: the place in the existing list to splice the first list into * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... */ static inline void list_splice_tail_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, void (*sync)(void)) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice_init_rcu(list, head->prev, head, sync); } /** * list_entry_rcu - get the struct for this entry * @ptr: the &struct list_head pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_entry_rcu(ptr, type, member) \ container_of(READ_ONCE(ptr), type, member) /* * Where are list_empty_rcu() and list_first_entry_rcu()? * * Implementing those functions following their counterparts list_empty() and * list_first_entry() is not advisable because they lead to subtle race * conditions as the following snippet shows: * * if (!list_empty_rcu(mylist)) { * struct foo *bar = list_first_entry_rcu(mylist, struct foo, list_member); * do_something(bar); * } * * The list may not be empty when list_empty_rcu checks it, but it may be when * list_first_entry_rcu rereads the ->next pointer. * * Rereading the ->next pointer is not a problem for list_empty() and * list_first_entry() because they would be protected by a lock that blocks * writers. * * See list_first_or_null_rcu for an alternative. */ /** * list_first_or_null_rcu - get the first element from a list * @ptr: the list head to take the element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note that if the list is empty, it returns NULL. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_first_or_null_rcu(ptr, type, member) \ ({ \ struct list_head *__ptr = (ptr); \ struct list_head *__next = READ_ONCE(__ptr->next); \ likely(__ptr != __next) ? list_entry_rcu(__next, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * list_next_or_null_rcu - get the first element from a list * @head: the head for the list. * @ptr: the list head to take the next element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note that if the ptr is at the end of the list, NULL is returned. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_next_or_null_rcu(head, ptr, type, member) \ ({ \ struct list_head *__head = (head); \ struct list_head *__ptr = (ptr); \ struct list_head *__next = READ_ONCE(__ptr->next); \ likely(__next != __head) ? list_entry_rcu(__next, type, \ member) : NULL; \ }) /** * list_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * @cond: optional lockdep expression if called from non-RCU protection. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_for_each_entry_rcu(pos, head, member, cond...) \ for (__list_check_rcu(dummy, ## cond, 0), \ pos = list_entry_rcu((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_srcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * @cond: lockdep expression for the lock required to traverse the list. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by srcu_read_lock(). * The lockdep expression srcu_read_lock_held() can be passed as the * cond argument from read side. */ #define list_for_each_entry_srcu(pos, head, member, cond) \ for (__list_check_srcu(cond), \ pos = list_entry_rcu((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_entry_lockless - get the struct for this entry * @ptr: the &struct list_head pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu * list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu(), but requires some * implicit RCU read-side guarding. One example is running within a special * exception-time environment where preemption is disabled and where lockdep * cannot be invoked. Another example is when items are added to the list, * but never deleted. */ #define list_entry_lockless(ptr, type, member) \ container_of((typeof(ptr))READ_ONCE(ptr), type, member) /** * list_for_each_entry_lockless - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu * list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu(), but requires some * implicit RCU read-side guarding. One example is running within a special * exception-time environment where preemption is disabled and where lockdep * cannot be invoked. Another example is when items are added to the list, * but never deleted. */ #define list_for_each_entry_lockless(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_entry_lockless((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_lockless(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu - continue iteration over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Continue to iterate over list of given type, continuing after * the current position which must have been in the list when the RCU read * lock was taken. * This would typically require either that you obtained the node from a * previous walk of the list in the same RCU read-side critical section, or * that you held some sort of non-RCU reference (such as a reference count) * to keep the node alive *and* in the list. * * This iterator is similar to list_for_each_entry_from_rcu() except * this starts after the given position and that one starts at the given * position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_from_rcu - iterate over a list from current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_node within the struct. * * Iterate over the tail of a list starting from a given position, * which must have been in the list when the RCU read lock was taken. * This would typically require either that you obtained the node from a * previous walk of the list in the same RCU read-side critical section, or * that you held some sort of non-RCU reference (such as a reference count) * to keep the node alive *and* in the list. * * This iterator is similar to list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu() except * this starts from the given position and that one starts from the position * after the given position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_from_rcu(pos, head, member) \ for (; &(pos)->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_del_rcu - deletes entry from hash list without re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: list_unhashed() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the hash list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry(). */ static inline void hlist_del_rcu(struct hlist_node *n) { __hlist_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, LIST_POISON2); } /** * hlist_replace_rcu - replace old entry by new one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * The @old entry will be replaced with the @new entry atomically. */ static inline void hlist_replace_rcu(struct hlist_node *old, struct hlist_node *new) { struct hlist_node *next = old->next; new->next = next; WRITE_ONCE(new->pprev, old->pprev); rcu_assign_pointer(*(struct hlist_node __rcu **)new->pprev, new); if (next) WRITE_ONCE(new->next->pprev, &new->next); WRITE_ONCE(old->pprev, LIST_POISON2); } /** * hlists_swap_heads_rcu - swap the lists the hlist heads point to * @left: The hlist head on the left * @right: The hlist head on the right * * The lists start out as [@left ][node1 ... ] and * [@right ][node2 ... ] * The lists end up as [@left ][node2 ... ] * [@right ][node1 ... ] */ static inline void hlists_swap_heads_rcu(struct hlist_head *left, struct hlist_head *right) { struct hlist_node *node1 = left->first; struct hlist_node *node2 = right->first; rcu_assign_pointer(left->first, node2); rcu_assign_pointer(right->first, node1); WRITE_ONCE(node2->pprev, &left->first); WRITE_ONCE(node1->pprev, &right->first); } /* * return the first or the next element in an RCU protected hlist */ #define hlist_first_rcu(head) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)(&(head)->first))) #define hlist_next_rcu(node) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)(&(node)->next))) #define hlist_pprev_rcu(node) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)((node)->pprev))) /** * hlist_add_head_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_add_head_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { struct hlist_node *first = h->first; n->next = first; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &h->first); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_first_rcu(h), n); if (first) WRITE_ONCE(first->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_add_tail_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_add_tail_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { struct hlist_node *i, *last = NULL; /* Note: write side code, so rcu accessors are not needed. */ for (i = h->first; i; i = i->next) last = i; if (last) { n->next = last->next; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &last->next); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_next_rcu(last), n); } else { hlist_add_head_rcu(n, h); } } /** * hlist_add_before_rcu * @n: the new element to add to the hash list. * @next: the existing element to add the new element before. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist * before the specified node while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. */ static inline void hlist_add_before_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *next) { WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, next->pprev); n->next = next; rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_pprev_rcu(n), n); WRITE_ONCE(next->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_add_behind_rcu * @n: the new element to add to the hash list. * @prev: the existing element to add the new element after. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist * after the specified node while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. */ static inline void hlist_add_behind_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *prev) { n->next = prev->next; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &prev->next); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_next_rcu(prev), n); if (n->next) WRITE_ONCE(n->next->pprev, &n->next); } #define __hlist_for_each_rcu(pos, head) \ for (pos = rcu_dereference(hlist_first_rcu(head)); \ pos; \ pos = rcu_dereference(hlist_next_rcu(pos))) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * @cond: optional lockdep expression if called from non-RCU protection. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(pos, head, member, cond...) \ for (__list_check_rcu(dummy, ## cond, 0), \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_srcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * @cond: lockdep expression for the lock required to traverse the list. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by srcu_read_lock(). * The lockdep expression srcu_read_lock_held() can be passed as the * cond argument from read side. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_srcu(pos, head, member, cond) \ for (__list_check_srcu(cond), \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_notrace - iterate over rcu list of given type (for tracing) * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). * * This is the same as hlist_for_each_entry_rcu() except that it does * not do any RCU debugging or tracing. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_notrace(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw_check(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw_check(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu - iterate over a hlist continuing after current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(pos, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh - iterate over a hlist continuing after current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh(pos, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_from_rcu - iterate over a hlist continuing from current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_from_rcu(pos, member) \ for (; pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif
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(__pgprot(pgprot_val(prot) | \ cachemode2protval(_PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS))) \ : (prot)) /* * Macros to add or remove encryption attribute */ #define pgprot_encrypted(prot) __pgprot(__sme_set(pgprot_val(prot))) #define pgprot_decrypted(prot) __pgprot(__sme_clr(pgprot_val(prot))) #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <asm/x86_init.h> #include <asm/fpu/xstate.h> #include <asm/fpu/api.h> #include <asm-generic/pgtable_uffd.h> extern pgd_t early_top_pgt[PTRS_PER_PGD]; bool __init __early_make_pgtable(unsigned long address, pmdval_t pmd); void ptdump_walk_pgd_level(struct seq_file *m, struct mm_struct *mm); void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_debugfs(struct seq_file *m, struct mm_struct *mm, bool user); void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_checkwx(void); void ptdump_walk_user_pgd_level_checkwx(void); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_WX #define debug_checkwx() ptdump_walk_pgd_level_checkwx() #define debug_checkwx_user() ptdump_walk_user_pgd_level_checkwx() #else #define debug_checkwx() do { } while (0) #define debug_checkwx_user() do { } while (0) #endif /* * ZERO_PAGE is a global shared page that is always zero: used * for zero-mapped memory areas etc.. */ extern unsigned long empty_zero_page[PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(unsigned long)] __visible; #define ZERO_PAGE(vaddr) ((void)(vaddr),virt_to_page(empty_zero_page)) extern spinlock_t pgd_lock; extern struct list_head pgd_list; extern struct mm_struct *pgd_page_get_mm(struct page *page); extern pmdval_t early_pmd_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #define set_pte(ptep, pte) native_set_pte(ptep, pte) #define set_pte_atomic(ptep, pte) \ native_set_pte_atomic(ptep, pte) #define set_pmd(pmdp, pmd) native_set_pmd(pmdp, pmd) #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED #define set_pgd(pgdp, pgd) native_set_pgd(pgdp, pgd) #define pgd_clear(pgd) (pgtable_l5_enabled() ? native_pgd_clear(pgd) : 0) #endif #ifndef set_p4d # define set_p4d(p4dp, p4d) native_set_p4d(p4dp, p4d) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED #define p4d_clear(p4d) native_p4d_clear(p4d) #endif #ifndef set_pud # define set_pud(pudp, pud) native_set_pud(pudp, pud) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED #define pud_clear(pud) native_pud_clear(pud) #endif #define pte_clear(mm, addr, ptep) native_pte_clear(mm, addr, ptep) #define pmd_clear(pmd) native_pmd_clear(pmd) #define pgd_val(x) native_pgd_val(x) #define __pgd(x) native_make_pgd(x) #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED #define p4d_val(x) native_p4d_val(x) #define __p4d(x) native_make_p4d(x) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED #define pud_val(x) native_pud_val(x) #define __pud(x) native_make_pud(x) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED #define pmd_val(x) native_pmd_val(x) #define __pmd(x) native_make_pmd(x) #endif #define pte_val(x) native_pte_val(x) #define __pte(x) native_make_pte(x) #define arch_end_context_switch(prev) do {} while(0) #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ /* * The following only work if pte_present() is true. * Undefined behaviour if not.. */ static inline int pte_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_DIRTY; } static inline u32 read_pkru(void) { if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return rdpkru(); return 0; } static inline void write_pkru(u32 pkru) { struct pkru_state *pk; if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return; pk = get_xsave_addr(&current->thread.fpu.state.xsave, XFEATURE_PKRU); /* * The PKRU value in xstate needs to be in sync with the value that is * written to the CPU. The FPU restore on return to userland would * otherwise load the previous value again. */ fpregs_lock(); if (pk) pk->pkru = pkru; __write_pkru(pkru); fpregs_unlock(); } static inline int pte_young(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; } static inline int pmd_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_DIRTY; } static inline int pmd_young(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; } static inline int pud_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_DIRTY; } static inline int pud_young(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; } static inline int pte_write(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_RW; } static inline int pte_huge(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_PSE; } static inline int pte_global(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_GLOBAL; } static inline int pte_exec(pte_t pte) { return !(pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_NX); } static inline int pte_special(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SPECIAL; } /* Entries that were set to PROT_NONE are inverted */ static inline u64 protnone_mask(u64 val); static inline unsigned long pte_pfn(pte_t pte) { phys_addr_t pfn = pte_val(pte); pfn ^= protnone_mask(pfn); return (pfn & PTE_PFN_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long pmd_pfn(pmd_t pmd) { phys_addr_t pfn = pmd_val(pmd); pfn ^= protnone_mask(pfn); return (pfn & pmd_pfn_mask(pmd)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long pud_pfn(pud_t pud) { phys_addr_t pfn = pud_val(pud); pfn ^= protnone_mask(pfn); return (pfn & pud_pfn_mask(pud)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long p4d_pfn(p4d_t p4d) { return (p4d_val(p4d) & p4d_pfn_mask(p4d)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long pgd_pfn(pgd_t pgd) { return (pgd_val(pgd) & PTE_PFN_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } #define p4d_leaf p4d_large static inline int p4d_large(p4d_t p4d) { /* No 512 GiB pages yet */ return 0; } #define pte_page(pte) pfn_to_page(pte_pfn(pte)) #define pmd_leaf pmd_large static inline int pmd_large(pmd_t pte) { return pmd_flags(pte) & _PAGE_PSE; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* NOTE: when predicate huge page, consider also pmd_devmap, or use pmd_large */ static inline int pmd_trans_huge(pmd_t pmd) { return (pmd_val(pmd) & (_PAGE_PSE|_PAGE_DEVMAP)) == _PAGE_PSE; } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD static inline int pud_trans_huge(pud_t pud) { return (pud_val(pud) & (_PAGE_PSE|_PAGE_DEVMAP)) == _PAGE_PSE; } #endif #define has_transparent_hugepage has_transparent_hugepage static inline int has_transparent_hugepage(void) { return boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PSE); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pmd_devmap(pmd_t pmd) { return !!(pmd_val(pmd) & _PAGE_DEVMAP); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD static inline int pud_devmap(pud_t pud) { return !!(pud_val(pud) & _PAGE_DEVMAP); } #else static inline int pud_devmap(pud_t pud) { return 0; } #endif static inline int pgd_devmap(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ static inline pte_t pte_set_flags(pte_t pte, pteval_t set) { pteval_t v = native_pte_val(pte); return native_make_pte(v | set); } static inline pte_t pte_clear_flags(pte_t pte, pteval_t clear) { pteval_t v = native_pte_val(pte); return native_make_pte(v & ~clear); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP static inline int pte_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_UFFD_WP; } static inline pte_t pte_mkuffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } static inline pte_t pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP */ static inline pte_t pte_mkclean(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_DIRTY); } static inline pte_t pte_mkold(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pte_t pte_wrprotect(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pte_t pte_mkexec(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_NX); } static inline pte_t pte_mkdirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pte_t pte_mkyoung(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pte_t pte_mkwrite(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pte_t pte_mkhuge(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pte_t pte_clrhuge(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pte_t pte_mkglobal(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_GLOBAL); } static inline pte_t pte_clrglobal(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_GLOBAL); } static inline pte_t pte_mkspecial(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SPECIAL); } static inline pte_t pte_mkdevmap(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SPECIAL|_PAGE_DEVMAP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_set_flags(pmd_t pmd, pmdval_t set) { pmdval_t v = native_pmd_val(pmd); return native_make_pmd(v | set); } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_flags(pmd_t pmd, pmdval_t clear) { pmdval_t v = native_pmd_val(pmd); return native_make_pmd(v & ~clear); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP static inline int pmd_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_UFFD_WP; } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkuffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP */ static inline pmd_t pmd_mkold(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkclean(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_wrprotect(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkdirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkdevmap(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_DEVMAP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkhuge(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkyoung(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkwrite(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pud_t pud_set_flags(pud_t pud, pudval_t set) { pudval_t v = native_pud_val(pud); return native_make_pud(v | set); } static inline pud_t pud_clear_flags(pud_t pud, pudval_t clear) { pudval_t v = native_pud_val(pud); return native_make_pud(v & ~clear); } static inline pud_t pud_mkold(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pud_t pud_mkclean(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_wrprotect(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pud_t pud_mkdirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_mkdevmap(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_DEVMAP); } static inline pud_t pud_mkhuge(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pud_t pud_mkyoung(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pud_t pud_mkwrite(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_RW); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY static inline int pte_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline int pmd_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline int pud_soft_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline pte_t pte_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_mksoft_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pte_t pte_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_clear_soft_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY */ /* * Mask out unsupported bits in a present pgprot. Non-present pgprots * can use those bits for other purposes, so leave them be. */ static inline pgprotval_t massage_pgprot(pgprot_t pgprot) { pgprotval_t protval = pgprot_val(pgprot); if (protval & _PAGE_PRESENT) protval &= __supported_pte_mask; return protval; } static inline pgprotval_t check_pgprot(pgprot_t pgprot) { pgprotval_t massaged_val = massage_pgprot(pgprot); /* mmdebug.h can not be included here because of dependencies */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM WARN_ONCE(pgprot_val(pgprot) != massaged_val, "attempted to set unsupported pgprot: %016llx " "bits: %016llx supported: %016llx\n", (u64)pgprot_val(pgprot), (u64)pgprot_val(pgprot) ^ massaged_val, (u64)__supported_pte_mask); #endif return massaged_val; } static inline pte_t pfn_pte(unsigned long page_nr, pgprot_t pgprot) { phys_addr_t pfn = (phys_addr_t)page_nr << PAGE_SHIFT; pfn ^= protnone_mask(pgprot_val(pgprot)); pfn &= PTE_PFN_MASK; return __pte(pfn | check_pgprot(pgprot)); } static inline pmd_t pfn_pmd(unsigned long page_nr, pgprot_t pgprot) { phys_addr_t pfn = (phys_addr_t)page_nr << PAGE_SHIFT; pfn ^= protnone_mask(pgprot_val(pgprot)); pfn &= PHYSICAL_PMD_PAGE_MASK; return __pmd(pfn | check_pgprot(pgprot)); } static inline pud_t pfn_pud(unsigned long page_nr, pgprot_t pgprot) { phys_addr_t pfn = (phys_addr_t)page_nr << PAGE_SHIFT; pfn ^= protnone_mask(pgprot_val(pgprot)); pfn &= PHYSICAL_PUD_PAGE_MASK; return __pud(pfn | check_pgprot(pgprot)); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkinvalid(pmd_t pmd) { return pfn_pmd(pmd_pfn(pmd), __pgprot(pmd_flags(pmd) & ~(_PAGE_PRESENT|_PAGE_PROTNONE))); } static inline u64 flip_protnone_guard(u64 oldval, u64 val, u64 mask); static inline pte_t pte_modify(pte_t pte, pgprot_t newprot) { pteval_t val = pte_val(pte), oldval = val; /* * Chop off the NX bit (if present), and add the NX portion of * the newprot (if present): */ val &= _PAGE_CHG_MASK; val |= check_pgprot(newprot) & ~_PAGE_CHG_MASK; val = flip_protnone_guard(oldval, val, PTE_PFN_MASK); return __pte(val); } static inline pmd_t pmd_modify(pmd_t pmd, pgprot_t newprot) { pmdval_t val = pmd_val(pmd), oldval = val; val &= _HPAGE_CHG_MASK; val |= check_pgprot(newprot) & ~_HPAGE_CHG_MASK; val = flip_protnone_guard(oldval, val, PHYSICAL_PMD_PAGE_MASK); return __pmd(val); } /* * mprotect needs to preserve PAT and encryption bits when updating * vm_page_prot */ #define pgprot_modify pgprot_modify static inline pgprot_t pgprot_modify(pgprot_t oldprot, pgprot_t newprot) { pgprotval_t preservebits = pgprot_val(oldprot) & _PAGE_CHG_MASK; pgprotval_t addbits = pgprot_val(newprot) & ~_PAGE_CHG_MASK; return __pgprot(preservebits | addbits); } #define pte_pgprot(x) __pgprot(pte_flags(x)) #define pmd_pgprot(x) __pgprot(pmd_flags(x)) #define pud_pgprot(x) __pgprot(pud_flags(x)) #define p4d_pgprot(x) __pgprot(p4d_flags(x)) #define canon_pgprot(p) __pgprot(massage_pgprot(p)) static inline pgprot_t arch_filter_pgprot(pgprot_t prot) { return canon_pgprot(prot); } static inline int is_new_memtype_allowed(u64 paddr, unsigned long size, enum page_cache_mode pcm, enum page_cache_mode new_pcm) { /* * PAT type is always WB for untracked ranges, so no need to check. */ if (x86_platform.is_untracked_pat_range(paddr, paddr + size)) return 1; /* * Certain new memtypes are not allowed with certain * requested memtype: * - request is uncached, return cannot be write-back * - request is write-combine, return cannot be write-back * - request is write-through, return cannot be write-back * - request is write-through, return cannot be write-combine */ if ((pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB) || (pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB) || (pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB) || (pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC)) { return 0; } return 1; } pmd_t *populate_extra_pmd(unsigned long vaddr); pte_t *populate_extra_pte(unsigned long vaddr); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION pgd_t __pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd); /* * Take a PGD location (pgdp) and a pgd value that needs to be set there. * Populates the user and returns the resulting PGD that must be set in * the kernel copy of the page tables. */ static inline pgd_t pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PTI)) return pgd; return __pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgdp, pgd); } #else /* CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION */ static inline pgd_t pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { return pgd; } #endif /* CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # include <asm/pgtable_32.h> #else # include <asm/pgtable_64.h> #endif #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <asm/fixmap.h> static inline int pte_none(pte_t pte) { return !(pte.pte & ~(_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK)); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME static inline int pte_same(pte_t a, pte_t b) { return a.pte == b.pte; } static inline int pte_present(pte_t a) { return pte_flags(a) & (_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_PROTNONE); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pte_devmap(pte_t a) { return (pte_flags(a) & _PAGE_DEVMAP) == _PAGE_DEVMAP; } #endif #define pte_accessible pte_accessible static inline bool pte_accessible(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t a) { if (pte_flags(a) & _PAGE_PRESENT) return true; if ((pte_flags(a) & _PAGE_PROTNONE) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(mm)) return true; return false; } static inline int pmd_present(pmd_t pmd) { /* * Checking for _PAGE_PSE is needed too because * split_huge_page will temporarily clear the present bit (but * the _PAGE_PSE flag will remain set at all times while the * _PAGE_PRESENT bit is clear). */ return pmd_flags(pmd) & (_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_PSE); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * These work without NUMA balancing but the kernel does not care. See the * comment in include/linux/pgtable.h */ static inline int pte_protnone(pte_t pte) { return (pte_flags(pte) & (_PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_PRESENT)) == _PAGE_PROTNONE; } static inline int pmd_protnone(pmd_t pmd) { return (pmd_flags(pmd) & (_PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_PRESENT)) == _PAGE_PROTNONE; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static inline int pmd_none(pmd_t pmd) { /* Only check low word on 32-bit platforms, since it might be out of sync with upper half. */ unsigned long val = native_pmd_val(pmd); return (val & ~_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK) == 0; } static inline unsigned long pmd_page_vaddr(pmd_t pmd) { return (unsigned long)__va(pmd_val(pmd) & pmd_pfn_mask(pmd)); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define pmd_page(pmd) pfn_to_page(pmd_pfn(pmd)) /* * Conversion functions: convert a page and protection to a page entry, * and a page entry and page directory to the page they refer to. * * (Currently stuck as a macro because of indirect forward reference * to linux/mm.h:page_to_nid()) */ #define mk_pte(page, pgprot) pfn_pte(page_to_pfn(page), (pgprot)) static inline int pmd_bad(pmd_t pmd) { return (pmd_flags(pmd) & ~_PAGE_USER) != _KERNPG_TABLE; } static inline unsigned long pages_to_mb(unsigned long npg) { return npg >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 static inline int pud_none(pud_t pud) { return (native_pud_val(pud) & ~(_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK)) == 0; } static inline int pud_present(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_PRESENT; } static inline unsigned long pud_page_vaddr(pud_t pud) { return (unsigned long)__va(pud_val(pud) & pud_pfn_mask(pud)); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define pud_page(pud) pfn_to_page(pud_pfn(pud)) #define pud_leaf pud_large static inline int pud_large(pud_t pud) { return (pud_val(pud) & (_PAGE_PSE | _PAGE_PRESENT)) == (_PAGE_PSE | _PAGE_PRESENT); } static inline int pud_bad(pud_t pud) { return (pud_flags(pud) & ~(_KERNPG_TABLE | _PAGE_USER)) != 0; } #else #define pud_leaf pud_large static inline int pud_large(pud_t pud) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 */ #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 static inline int p4d_none(p4d_t p4d) { return (native_p4d_val(p4d) & ~(_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK)) == 0; } static inline int p4d_present(p4d_t p4d) { return p4d_flags(p4d) & _PAGE_PRESENT; } static inline unsigned long p4d_page_vaddr(p4d_t p4d) { return (unsigned long)__va(p4d_val(p4d) & p4d_pfn_mask(p4d)); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define p4d_page(p4d) pfn_to_page(p4d_pfn(p4d)) static inline int p4d_bad(p4d_t p4d) { unsigned long ignore_flags = _KERNPG_TABLE | _PAGE_USER; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION)) ignore_flags |= _PAGE_NX; return (p4d_flags(p4d) & ~ignore_flags) != 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 */ static inline unsigned long p4d_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> P4D_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_P4D - 1); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 static inline int pgd_present(pgd_t pgd) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return 1; return pgd_flags(pgd) & _PAGE_PRESENT; } static inline unsigned long pgd_page_vaddr(pgd_t pgd) { return (unsigned long)__va((unsigned long)pgd_val(pgd) & PTE_PFN_MASK); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define pgd_page(pgd) pfn_to_page(pgd_pfn(pgd)) /* to find an entry in a page-table-directory. */ static inline p4d_t *p4d_offset(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return (p4d_t *)pgd; return (p4d_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd) + p4d_index(address); } static inline int pgd_bad(pgd_t pgd) { unsigned long ignore_flags = _PAGE_USER; if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return 0; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION)) ignore_flags |= _PAGE_NX; return (pgd_flags(pgd) & ~ignore_flags) != _KERNPG_TABLE; } static inline int pgd_none(pgd_t pgd) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return 0; /* * There is no need to do a workaround for the KNL stray * A/D bit erratum here. PGDs only point to page tables * except on 32-bit non-PAE which is not supported on * KNL. */ return !native_pgd_val(pgd); } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #define KERNEL_PGD_BOUNDARY pgd_index(PAGE_OFFSET) #define KERNEL_PGD_PTRS (PTRS_PER_PGD - KERNEL_PGD_BOUNDARY) #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ extern int direct_gbpages; void init_mem_mapping(void); void early_alloc_pgt_buf(void); extern void memblock_find_dma_reserve(void); void __init poking_init(void); unsigned long init_memory_mapping(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 extern pgd_t trampoline_pgd_entry; #endif /* local pte updates need not use xchg for locking */ static inline pte_t native_local_ptep_get_and_clear(pte_t *ptep) { pte_t res = *ptep; /* Pure native function needs no input for mm, addr */ native_pte_clear(NULL, 0, ptep); return res; } static inline pmd_t native_local_pmdp_get_and_clear(pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t res = *pmdp; native_pmd_clear(pmdp); return res; } static inline pud_t native_local_pudp_get_and_clear(pud_t *pudp) { pud_t res = *pudp; native_pud_clear(pudp); return res; } static inline void set_pte_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { set_pte(ptep, pte); } static inline void set_pmd_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { set_pmd(pmdp, pmd); } static inline void set_pud_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pudp, pud_t pud) { native_set_pud(pudp, pud); } /* * We only update the dirty/accessed state if we set * the dirty bit by hand in the kernel, since the hardware * will do the accessed bit for us, and we don't want to * race with other CPU's that might be updating the dirty * bit at the same time. */ struct vm_area_struct; #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS extern int ptep_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, pte_t entry, int dirty); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG extern int ptep_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH extern int ptep_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t pte = native_ptep_get_and_clear(ptep); return pte; } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, int full) { pte_t pte; if (full) { /* * Full address destruction in progress; paravirt does not * care about updates and native needs no locking */ pte = native_local_ptep_get_and_clear(ptep); } else { pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, addr, ptep); } return pte; } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_WRPROTECT static inline void ptep_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { clear_bit(_PAGE_BIT_RW, (unsigned long *)&ptep->pte); } #define flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vma, address) do { } while (0) #define mk_pmd(page, pgprot) pfn_pmd(page_to_pfn(page), (pgprot)) #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS extern int pmdp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t entry, int dirty); extern int pudp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, pud_t entry, int dirty); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG extern int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp); extern int pudp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pudp); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH extern int pmdp_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #define pmd_write pmd_write static inline int pmd_write(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_RW; } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pmd_t pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp) { return native_pmdp_get_and_clear(pmdp); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pud_t pudp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pudp) { return native_pudp_get_and_clear(pudp); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_WRPROTECT static inline void pmdp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp) { clear_bit(_PAGE_BIT_RW, (unsigned long *)pmdp); } #define pud_write pud_write static inline int pud_write(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_RW; } #ifndef pmdp_establish #define pmdp_establish pmdp_establish static inline pmd_t pmdp_establish(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMP)) { return xchg(pmdp, pmd); } else { pmd_t old = *pmdp; WRITE_ONCE(*pmdp, pmd); return old; } } #endif /* * Page table pages are page-aligned. The lower half of the top * level is used for userspace and the top half for the kernel. * * Returns true for parts of the PGD that map userspace and * false for the parts that map the kernel. */ static inline bool pgdp_maps_userspace(void *__ptr) { unsigned long ptr = (unsigned long)__ptr; return (((ptr & ~PAGE_MASK) / sizeof(pgd_t)) < PGD_KERNEL_START); } #define pgd_leaf pgd_large static inline int pgd_large(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION /* * All top-level PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION page tables are order-1 pages * (8k-aligned and 8k in size). The kernel one is at the beginning 4k and * the user one is in the last 4k. To switch between them, you * just need to flip the 12th bit in their addresses. */ #define PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT PAGE_SHIFT /* * This generates better code than the inline assembly in * __set_bit(). */ static inline void *ptr_set_bit(void *ptr, int bit) { unsigned long __ptr = (unsigned long)ptr; __ptr |= BIT(bit); return (void *)__ptr; } static inline void *ptr_clear_bit(void *ptr, int bit) { unsigned long __ptr = (unsigned long)ptr; __ptr &= ~BIT(bit); return (void *)__ptr; } static inline pgd_t *kernel_to_user_pgdp(pgd_t *pgdp) { return ptr_set_bit(pgdp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } static inline pgd_t *user_to_kernel_pgdp(pgd_t *pgdp) { return ptr_clear_bit(pgdp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } static inline p4d_t *kernel_to_user_p4dp(p4d_t *p4dp) { return ptr_set_bit(p4dp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } static inline p4d_t *user_to_kernel_p4dp(p4d_t *p4dp) { return ptr_clear_bit(p4dp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } #endif /* CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION */ /* * clone_pgd_range(pgd_t *dst, pgd_t *src, int count); * * dst - pointer to pgd range anwhere on a pgd page * src - "" * count - the number of pgds to copy. * * dst and src can be on the same page, but the range must not overlap, * and must not cross a page boundary. */ static inline void clone_pgd_range(pgd_t *dst, pgd_t *src, int count) { memcpy(dst, src, count * sizeof(pgd_t)); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PTI)) return; /* Clone the user space pgd as well */ memcpy(kernel_to_user_pgdp(dst), kernel_to_user_pgdp(src), count * sizeof(pgd_t)); #endif } #define PTE_SHIFT ilog2(PTRS_PER_PTE) static inline int page_level_shift(enum pg_level level) { return (PAGE_SHIFT - PTE_SHIFT) + level * PTE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long page_level_size(enum pg_level level) { return 1UL << page_level_shift(level); } static inline unsigned long page_level_mask(enum pg_level level) { return ~(page_level_size(level) - 1); } /* * The x86 doesn't have any external MMU info: the kernel page * tables contain all the necessary information. */ static inline void update_mmu_cache(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { } static inline void update_mmu_cache_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd) { } static inline void update_mmu_cache_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud) { } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY static inline pte_t pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline int pte_swp_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline int pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP static inline pte_t pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } static inline int pte_swp_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mkuffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } static inline int pmd_swp_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP */ #define PKRU_AD_BIT 0x1u #define PKRU_WD_BIT 0x2u #define PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY 2 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS extern u32 init_pkru_value; #else #define init_pkru_value 0 #endif static inline bool __pkru_allows_read(u32 pkru, u16 pkey) { int pkru_pkey_bits = pkey * PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY; return !(pkru & (PKRU_AD_BIT << pkru_pkey_bits)); } static inline bool __pkru_allows_write(u32 pkru, u16 pkey) { int pkru_pkey_bits = pkey * PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY; /* * Access-disable disables writes too so we need to check * both bits here. */ return !(pkru & ((PKRU_AD_BIT|PKRU_WD_BIT) << pkru_pkey_bits)); } static inline u16 pte_flags_pkey(unsigned long pte_flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS /* ifdef to avoid doing 59-bit shift on 32-bit values */ return (pte_flags & _PAGE_PKEY_MASK) >> _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT0; #else return 0; #endif } static inline bool __pkru_allows_pkey(u16 pkey, bool write) { u32 pkru = read_pkru(); if (!__pkru_allows_read(pkru, pkey)) return false; if (write && !__pkru_allows_write(pkru, pkey)) return false; return true; } /* * 'pteval' can come from a PTE, PMD or PUD. We only check * _PAGE_PRESENT, _PAGE_USER, and _PAGE_RW in here which are the * same value on all 3 types. */ static inline bool __pte_access_permitted(unsigned long pteval, bool write) { unsigned long need_pte_bits = _PAGE_PRESENT|_PAGE_USER; if (write) need_pte_bits |= _PAGE_RW; if ((pteval & need_pte_bits) != need_pte_bits) return 0; return __pkru_allows_pkey(pte_flags_pkey(pteval), write); } #define pte_access_permitted pte_access_permitted static inline bool pte_access_permitted(pte_t pte, bool write) { return __pte_access_permitted(pte_val(pte), write); } #define pmd_access_permitted pmd_access_permitted static inline bool pmd_access_permitted(pmd_t pmd, bool write) { return __pte_access_permitted(pmd_val(pmd), write); } #define pud_access_permitted pud_access_permitted static inline bool pud_access_permitted(pud_t pud, bool write) { return __pte_access_permitted(pud_val(pud), write); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED 1 extern bool pfn_modify_allowed(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot); static inline bool arch_has_pfn_modify_check(void) { return boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_L1TF); } #define arch_faults_on_old_pte arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { return false; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef BLK_MQ_SCHED_H #define BLK_MQ_SCHED_H #include "blk-mq.h" #include "blk-mq-tag.h" void blk_mq_sched_assign_ioc(struct request *rq); void blk_mq_sched_request_inserted(struct request *rq); bool blk_mq_sched_try_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs, struct request **merged_request); bool __blk_mq_sched_bio_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); bool blk_mq_sched_try_insert_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq); void blk_mq_sched_mark_restart_hctx(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx); void blk_mq_sched_restart(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx); void blk_mq_sched_insert_request(struct request *rq, bool at_head, bool run_queue, bool async); void blk_mq_sched_insert_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx, struct list_head *list, bool run_queue_async); void blk_mq_sched_dispatch_requests(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx); int blk_mq_init_sched(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_type *e); void blk_mq_exit_sched(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_queue *e); void blk_mq_sched_free_requests(struct request_queue *q); static inline bool blk_mq_sched_bio_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs) { if (blk_queue_nomerges(q) || !bio_mergeable(bio)) return false; return __blk_mq_sched_bio_merge(q, bio, nr_segs); } static inline bool blk_mq_sched_allow_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio) { struct elevator_queue *e = q->elevator; if (e && e->type->ops.allow_merge) return e->type->ops.allow_merge(q, rq, bio); return true; } static inline void blk_mq_sched_completed_request(struct request *rq, u64 now) { struct elevator_queue *e = rq->q->elevator; if (e && e->type->ops.completed_request) e->type->ops.completed_request(rq, now); } static inline void blk_mq_sched_requeue_request(struct request *rq) { struct request_queue *q = rq->q; struct elevator_queue *e = q->elevator; if ((rq->rq_flags & RQF_ELVPRIV) && e && e->type->ops.requeue_request) e->type->ops.requeue_request(rq); } static inline bool blk_mq_sched_has_work(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { struct elevator_queue *e = hctx->queue->elevator; if (e && e->type->ops.has_work) return e->type->ops.has_work(hctx); return false; } static inline bool blk_mq_sched_needs_restart(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { return test_bit(BLK_MQ_S_SCHED_RESTART, &hctx->state); } #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Variant of atomic_t specialized for reference counts. * * The interface matches the atomic_t interface (to aid in porting) but only * provides the few functions one should use for reference counting. * * Saturation semantics * ==================== * * refcount_t differs from atomic_t in that the counter saturates at * REFCOUNT_SATURATED and will not move once there. This avoids wrapping the * counter and causing 'spurious' use-after-free issues. In order to avoid the * cost associated with introducing cmpxchg() loops into all of the saturating * operations, we temporarily allow the counter to take on an unchecked value * and then explicitly set it to REFCOUNT_SATURATED on detecting that underflow * or overflow has occurred. Although this is racy when multiple threads * access the refcount concurrently, by placing REFCOUNT_SATURATED roughly * equidistant from 0 and INT_MAX we minimise the scope for error: * * INT_MAX REFCOUNT_SATURATED UINT_MAX * 0 (0x7fff_ffff) (0xc000_0000) (0xffff_ffff) * +--------------------------------+----------------+----------------+ * <---------- bad value! ----------> * * (in a signed view of the world, the "bad value" range corresponds to * a negative counter value). * * As an example, consider a refcount_inc() operation that causes the counter * to overflow: * * int old = atomic_fetch_add_relaxed(r); * // old is INT_MAX, refcount now INT_MIN (0x8000_0000) * if (old < 0) * atomic_set(r, REFCOUNT_SATURATED); * * If another thread also performs a refcount_inc() operation between the two * atomic operations, then the count will continue to edge closer to 0. If it * reaches a value of 1 before /any/ of the threads reset it to the saturated * value, then a concurrent refcount_dec_and_test() may erroneously free the * underlying object. * Linux limits the maximum number of tasks to PID_MAX_LIMIT, which is currently * 0x400000 (and can't easily be raised in the future beyond FUTEX_TID_MASK). * With the current PID limit, if no batched refcounting operations are used and * the attacker can't repeatedly trigger kernel oopses in the middle of refcount * operations, this makes it impossible for a saturated refcount to leave the * saturation range, even if it is possible for multiple uses of the same * refcount to nest in the context of a single task: * * (UINT_MAX+1-REFCOUNT_SATURATED) / PID_MAX_LIMIT = * 0x40000000 / 0x400000 = 0x100 = 256 * * If hundreds of references are added/removed with a single refcounting * operation, it may potentially be possible to leave the saturation range; but * given the precise timing details involved with the round-robin scheduling of * each thread manipulating the refcount and the need to hit the race multiple * times in succession, there doesn't appear to be a practical avenue of attack * even if using refcount_add() operations with larger increments. * * Memory ordering * =============== * * Memory ordering rules are slightly relaxed wrt regular atomic_t functions * and provide only what is strictly required for refcounts. * * The increments are fully relaxed; these will not provide ordering. The * rationale is that whatever is used to obtain the object we're increasing the * reference count on will provide the ordering. For locked data structures, * its the lock acquire, for RCU/lockless data structures its the dependent * load. * * Do note that inc_not_zero() provides a control dependency which will order * future stores against the inc, this ensures we'll never modify the object * if we did not in fact acquire a reference. * * The decrements will provide release order, such that all the prior loads and * stores will be issued before, it also provides a control dependency, which * will order us against the subsequent free(). * * The control dependency is against the load of the cmpxchg (ll/sc) that * succeeded. This means the stores aren't fully ordered, but this is fine * because the 1->0 transition indicates no concurrency. * * Note that the allocator is responsible for ordering things between free() * and alloc(). * * The decrements dec_and_test() and sub_and_test() also provide acquire * ordering on success. * */ #ifndef _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H #define _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/spinlock_types.h> struct mutex; /** * struct refcount_t - variant of atomic_t specialized for reference counts * @refs: atomic_t counter field * * The counter saturates at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and will not move once * there. This avoids wrapping the counter and causing 'spurious' * use-after-free bugs. */ typedef struct refcount_struct { atomic_t refs; } refcount_t; #define REFCOUNT_INIT(n) { .refs = ATOMIC_INIT(n), } #define REFCOUNT_MAX INT_MAX #define REFCOUNT_SATURATED (INT_MIN / 2) enum refcount_saturation_type { REFCOUNT_ADD_NOT_ZERO_OVF, REFCOUNT_ADD_OVF, REFCOUNT_ADD_UAF, REFCOUNT_SUB_UAF, REFCOUNT_DEC_LEAK, }; void refcount_warn_saturate(refcount_t *r, enum refcount_saturation_type t); /** * refcount_set - set a refcount's value * @r: the refcount * @n: value to which the refcount will be set */ static inline void refcount_set(refcount_t *r, int n) { atomic_set(&r->refs, n); } /** * refcount_read - get a refcount's value * @r: the refcount * * Return: the refcount's value */ static inline unsigned int refcount_read(const refcount_t *r) { return atomic_read(&r->refs); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_add_not_zero(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = refcount_read(r); do { if (!old) break; } while (!atomic_try_cmpxchg_relaxed(&r->refs, &old, old + i)); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(old < 0 || old + i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_NOT_ZERO_OVF); return old; } /** * refcount_add_not_zero - add a value to a refcount unless it is 0 * @i: the value to add to the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_inc(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * increment a reference count. * * Return: false if the passed refcount is 0, true otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_add_not_zero(int i, refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_add_not_zero(i, r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_add(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_add_relaxed(i, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(!old)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_UAF); else if (unlikely(old < 0 || old + i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_OVF); } /** * refcount_add - add a value to a refcount * @i: the value to add to the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_add(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_inc(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * increment a reference count. */ static inline void refcount_add(int i, refcount_t *r) { __refcount_add(i, r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_inc_not_zero(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { return __refcount_add_not_zero(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_inc_not_zero - increment a refcount unless it is 0 * @r: the refcount to increment * * Similar to atomic_inc_not_zero(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED * and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Return: true if the increment was successful, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_inc_not_zero(refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_inc_not_zero(r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_inc(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { __refcount_add(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_inc - increment a refcount * @r: the refcount to increment * * Similar to atomic_inc(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller already has a * reference on the object. * * Will WARN if the refcount is 0, as this represents a possible use-after-free * condition. */ static inline void refcount_inc(refcount_t *r) { __refcount_inc(r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_sub_and_test(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_sub_release(i, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (old == i) { smp_acquire__after_ctrl_dep(); return true; } if (unlikely(old < 0 || old - i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_SUB_UAF); return false; } /** * refcount_sub_and_test - subtract from a refcount and test if it is 0 * @i: amount to subtract from the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec_and_test(), but it will WARN, return false and * ultimately leak on underflow and will fail to decrement when saturated * at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before, and provides an acquire ordering on success such that free() * must come after. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_dec(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * decrement a reference count. * * Return: true if the resulting refcount is 0, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_sub_and_test(int i, refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_sub_and_test(i, r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { return __refcount_sub_and_test(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_dec_and_test - decrement a refcount and test if it is 0 * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec_and_test(), it will WARN on underflow and fail to * decrement when saturated at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before, and provides an acquire ordering on success such that free() * must come after. * * Return: true if the resulting refcount is 0, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_dec_and_test(r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_dec(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_sub_release(1, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(old <= 1)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_DEC_LEAK); } /** * refcount_dec - decrement a refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec(), it will WARN on underflow and fail to decrement * when saturated at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before. */ static inline void refcount_dec(refcount_t *r) { __refcount_dec(r, NULL); } extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_if_one(refcount_t *r); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_not_one(refcount_t *r); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_mutex_lock(refcount_t *r, struct mutex *lock); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_lock(refcount_t *r, spinlock_t *lock); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_lock_irqsave(refcount_t *r, spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long *flags); #endif /* _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NET_IP6_ROUTE_H #define _NET_IP6_ROUTE_H struct route_info { __u8 type; __u8 length; __u8 prefix_len; #if defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) __u8 reserved_h:3, route_pref:2, reserved_l:3; #elif defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) __u8 reserved_l:3, route_pref:2, reserved_h:3; #endif __be32 lifetime; __u8 prefix[]; /* 0,8 or 16 */ }; #include <net/addrconf.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/ip6_fib.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/lwtunnel.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/route.h> #include <net/nexthop.h> #define RT6_LOOKUP_F_IFACE 0x00000001 #define RT6_LOOKUP_F_REACHABLE 0x00000002 #define RT6_LOOKUP_F_HAS_SADDR 0x00000004 #define RT6_LOOKUP_F_SRCPREF_TMP 0x00000008 #define RT6_LOOKUP_F_SRCPREF_PUBLIC 0x00000010 #define RT6_LOOKUP_F_SRCPREF_COA 0x00000020 #define RT6_LOOKUP_F_IGNORE_LINKSTATE 0x00000040 #define RT6_LOOKUP_F_DST_NOREF 0x00000080 /* We do not (yet ?) support IPv6 jumbograms (RFC 2675) * Unlike IPv4, hdr->seg_len doesn't include the IPv6 header */ #define IP6_MAX_MTU (0xFFFF + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr)) /* * rt6_srcprefs2flags() and rt6_flags2srcprefs() translate * between IPV6_ADDR_PREFERENCES socket option values * IPV6_PREFER_SRC_TMP = 0x1 * IPV6_PREFER_SRC_PUBLIC = 0x2 * IPV6_PREFER_SRC_COA = 0x4 * and above RT6_LOOKUP_F_SRCPREF_xxx flags. */ static inline int rt6_srcprefs2flags(unsigned int srcprefs) { /* No need to bitmask because srcprefs have only 3 bits. */ return srcprefs << 3; } static inline unsigned int rt6_flags2srcprefs(int flags) { return (flags >> 3) & 7; } static inline bool rt6_need_strict(const struct in6_addr *daddr) { return ipv6_addr_type(daddr) & (IPV6_ADDR_MULTICAST | IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL | IPV6_ADDR_LOOPBACK); } /* fib entries using a nexthop object can not be coalesced into * a multipath route */ static inline bool rt6_qualify_for_ecmp(const struct fib6_info *f6i) { /* the RTF_ADDRCONF flag filters out RA's */ return !(f6i->fib6_flags & RTF_ADDRCONF) && !f6i->nh && f6i->fib6_nh->fib_nh_gw_family; } void ip6_route_input(struct sk_buff *skb); struct dst_entry *ip6_route_input_lookup(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct sk_buff *skb, int flags); struct dst_entry *ip6_route_output_flags_noref(struct net *net, const struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, int flags); struct dst_entry *ip6_route_output_flags(struct net *net, const struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, int flags); static inline struct dst_entry *ip6_route_output(struct net *net, const struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6) { return ip6_route_output_flags(net, sk, fl6, 0); } /* Only conditionally release dst if flags indicates * !RT6_LOOKUP_F_DST_NOREF or dst is in uncached_list. */ static inline void ip6_rt_put_flags(struct rt6_info *rt, int flags) { if (!(flags & RT6_LOOKUP_F_DST_NOREF) || !list_empty(&rt->rt6i_uncached)) ip6_rt_put(rt); } struct dst_entry *ip6_route_lookup(struct net *net, struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct sk_buff *skb, int flags); struct rt6_info *ip6_pol_route(struct net *net, struct fib6_table *table, int ifindex, struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct sk_buff *skb, int flags); void ip6_route_init_special_entries(void); int ip6_route_init(void); void ip6_route_cleanup(void); int ipv6_route_ioctl(struct net *net, unsigned int cmd, struct in6_rtmsg *rtmsg); int ip6_route_add(struct fib6_config *cfg, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int ip6_ins_rt(struct net *net, struct fib6_info *f6i); int ip6_del_rt(struct net *net, struct fib6_info *f6i, bool skip_notify); void rt6_flush_exceptions(struct fib6_info *f6i); void rt6_age_exceptions(struct fib6_info *f6i, struct fib6_gc_args *gc_args, unsigned long now); static inline int ip6_route_get_saddr(struct net *net, struct fib6_info *f6i, const struct in6_addr *daddr, unsigned int prefs, struct in6_addr *saddr) { int err = 0; if (f6i && f6i->fib6_prefsrc.plen) { *saddr = f6i->fib6_prefsrc.addr; } else { struct net_device *dev = f6i ? fib6_info_nh_dev(f6i) : NULL; err = ipv6_dev_get_saddr(net, dev, daddr, prefs, saddr); } return err; } struct rt6_info *rt6_lookup(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *daddr, const struct in6_addr *saddr, int oif, const struct sk_buff *skb, int flags); u32 rt6_multipath_hash(const struct net *net, const struct flowi6 *fl6, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys *hkeys); struct dst_entry *icmp6_dst_alloc(struct net_device *dev, struct flowi6 *fl6); void fib6_force_start_gc(struct net *net); struct fib6_info *addrconf_f6i_alloc(struct net *net, struct inet6_dev *idev, const struct in6_addr *addr, bool anycast, gfp_t gfp_flags); struct rt6_info *ip6_dst_alloc(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, int flags); /* * support functions for ND * */ struct fib6_info *rt6_get_dflt_router(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *addr, struct net_device *dev); struct fib6_info *rt6_add_dflt_router(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *gwaddr, struct net_device *dev, unsigned int pref); void rt6_purge_dflt_routers(struct net *net); int rt6_route_rcv(struct net_device *dev, u8 *opt, int len, const struct in6_addr *gwaddr); void ip6_update_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, __be32 mtu, int oif, u32 mark, kuid_t uid); void ip6_sk_update_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk, __be32 mtu); void ip6_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, int oif, u32 mark, kuid_t uid); void ip6_redirect_no_header(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, int oif); void ip6_sk_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk); struct netlink_callback; struct rt6_rtnl_dump_arg { struct sk_buff *skb; struct netlink_callback *cb; struct net *net; struct fib_dump_filter filter; }; int rt6_dump_route(struct fib6_info *f6i, void *p_arg, unsigned int skip); void rt6_mtu_change(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int mtu); void rt6_remove_prefsrc(struct inet6_ifaddr *ifp); void rt6_clean_tohost(struct net *net, struct in6_addr *gateway); void rt6_sync_up(struct net_device *dev, unsigned char nh_flags); void rt6_disable_ip(struct net_device *dev, unsigned long event); void rt6_sync_down_dev(struct net_device *dev, unsigned long event); void rt6_multipath_rebalance(struct fib6_info *f6i); void rt6_uncached_list_add(struct rt6_info *rt); void rt6_uncached_list_del(struct rt6_info *rt); static inline const struct rt6_info *skb_rt6_info(const struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); const struct rt6_info *rt6 = NULL; if (dst) rt6 = container_of(dst, struct rt6_info, dst); return rt6; } /* * Store a destination cache entry in a socket */ static inline void ip6_dst_store(struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst, const struct in6_addr *daddr, const struct in6_addr *saddr) { struct ipv6_pinfo *np = inet6_sk(sk); np->dst_cookie = rt6_get_cookie((struct rt6_info *)dst); sk_setup_caps(sk, dst); np->daddr_cache = daddr; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SUBTREES np->saddr_cache = saddr; #endif } void ip6_sk_dst_store_flow(struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst, const struct flowi6 *fl6); static inline bool ipv6_unicast_destination(const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct rt6_info *rt = (struct rt6_info *) skb_dst(skb); return rt->rt6i_flags & RTF_LOCAL; } static inline bool ipv6_anycast_destination(const struct dst_entry *dst, const struct in6_addr *daddr) { struct rt6_info *rt = (struct rt6_info *)dst; return rt->rt6i_flags & RTF_ANYCAST || (rt->rt6i_dst.plen < 127 && !(rt->rt6i_flags & (RTF_GATEWAY | RTF_NONEXTHOP)) && ipv6_addr_equal(&rt->rt6i_dst.addr, daddr)); } int ip6_fragment(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int (*output)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)); static inline unsigned int ip6_skb_dst_mtu(struct sk_buff *skb) { unsigned int mtu; struct ipv6_pinfo *np = skb->sk && !dev_recursion_level() ? inet6_sk(skb->sk) : NULL; if (np && np->pmtudisc >= IPV6_PMTUDISC_PROBE) { mtu = READ_ONCE(skb_dst(skb)->dev->mtu); mtu -= lwtunnel_headroom(skb_dst(skb)->lwtstate, mtu); } else mtu = dst_mtu(skb_dst(skb)); return mtu; } static inline bool ip6_sk_accept_pmtu(const struct sock *sk) { return inet6_sk(sk)->pmtudisc != IPV6_PMTUDISC_INTERFACE && inet6_sk(sk)->pmtudisc != IPV6_PMTUDISC_OMIT; } static inline bool ip6_sk_ignore_df(const struct sock *sk) { return inet6_sk(sk)->pmtudisc < IPV6_PMTUDISC_DO || inet6_sk(sk)->pmtudisc == IPV6_PMTUDISC_OMIT; } static inline const struct in6_addr *rt6_nexthop(const struct rt6_info *rt, const struct in6_addr *daddr) { if (rt->rt6i_flags & RTF_GATEWAY) return &rt->rt6i_gateway; else if (unlikely(rt->rt6i_flags & RTF_CACHE)) return &rt->rt6i_dst.addr; else return daddr; } static inline bool rt6_duplicate_nexthop(struct fib6_info *a, struct fib6_info *b) { struct fib6_nh *nha, *nhb; if (a->nh || b->nh) return nexthop_cmp(a->nh, b->nh); nha = a->fib6_nh; nhb = b->fib6_nh; return nha->fib_nh_dev == nhb->fib_nh_dev && ipv6_addr_equal(&nha->fib_nh_gw6, &nhb->fib_nh_gw6) && !lwtunnel_cmp_encap(nha->fib_nh_lws, nhb->fib_nh_lws); } static inline unsigned int ip6_dst_mtu_forward(const struct dst_entry *dst) { struct inet6_dev *idev; unsigned int mtu; if (dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_MTU)) { mtu = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_MTU); if (mtu) goto out; } mtu = IPV6_MIN_MTU; rcu_read_lock(); idev = __in6_dev_get(dst->dev); if (idev) mtu = idev->cnf.mtu6; rcu_read_unlock(); out: return mtu - lwtunnel_headroom(dst->lwtstate, mtu); } u32 ip6_mtu_from_fib6(const struct fib6_result *res, const struct in6_addr *daddr, const struct in6_addr *saddr); struct neighbour *ip6_neigh_lookup(const struct in6_addr *gw, struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb, const void *daddr); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_NVRAM_H #define _LINUX_NVRAM_H #include <linux/errno.h> #include <uapi/linux/nvram.h> #ifdef CONFIG_PPC #include <asm/machdep.h> #endif /** * struct nvram_ops - NVRAM functionality made available to drivers * @read: validate checksum (if any) then load a range of bytes from NVRAM * @write: store a range of bytes to NVRAM then update checksum (if any) * @read_byte: load a single byte from NVRAM * @write_byte: store a single byte to NVRAM * @get_size: return the fixed number of bytes in the NVRAM * * Architectures which provide an nvram ops struct need not implement all * of these methods. If the NVRAM hardware can be accessed only one byte * at a time then it may be sufficient to provide .read_byte and .write_byte. * If the NVRAM has a checksum (and it is to be checked) the .read and * .write methods can be used to implement that efficiently. * * Portable drivers may use the wrapper functions defined here. * The nvram_read() and nvram_write() functions call the .read and .write * methods when available and fall back on the .read_byte and .write_byte * methods otherwise. */ struct nvram_ops { ssize_t (*get_size)(void); unsigned char (*read_byte)(int); void (*write_byte)(unsigned char, int); ssize_t (*read)(char *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*write)(char *, size_t, loff_t *); #if defined(CONFIG_X86) || defined(CONFIG_M68K) long (*initialize)(void); long (*set_checksum)(void); #endif }; extern const struct nvram_ops arch_nvram_ops; static inline ssize_t nvram_get_size(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_PPC if (ppc_md.nvram_size) return ppc_md.nvram_size(); #else if (arch_nvram_ops.get_size) return arch_nvram_ops.get_size(); #endif return -ENODEV; } static inline unsigned char nvram_read_byte(int addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_PPC if (ppc_md.nvram_read_val) return ppc_md.nvram_read_val(addr); #else if (arch_nvram_ops.read_byte) return arch_nvram_ops.read_byte(addr); #endif return 0xFF; } static inline void nvram_write_byte(unsigned char val, int addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_PPC if (ppc_md.nvram_write_val) ppc_md.nvram_write_val(addr, val); #else if (arch_nvram_ops.write_byte) arch_nvram_ops.write_byte(val, addr); #endif } static inline ssize_t nvram_read_bytes(char *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { ssize_t nvram_size = nvram_get_size(); loff_t i; char *p = buf; if (nvram_size < 0) return nvram_size; for (i = *ppos; count > 0 && i < nvram_size; ++i, ++p, --count) *p = nvram_read_byte(i); *ppos = i; return p - buf; } static inline ssize_t nvram_write_bytes(char *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { ssize_t nvram_size = nvram_get_size(); loff_t i; char *p = buf; if (nvram_size < 0) return nvram_size; for (i = *ppos; count > 0 && i < nvram_size; ++i, ++p, --count) nvram_write_byte(*p, i); *ppos = i; return p - buf; } static inline ssize_t nvram_read(char *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { #ifdef CONFIG_PPC if (ppc_md.nvram_read) return ppc_md.nvram_read(buf, count, ppos); #else if (arch_nvram_ops.read) return arch_nvram_ops.read(buf, count, ppos); #endif return nvram_read_bytes(buf, count, ppos); } static inline ssize_t nvram_write(char *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { #ifdef CONFIG_PPC if (ppc_md.nvram_write) return ppc_md.nvram_write(buf, count, ppos); #else if (arch_nvram_ops.write) return arch_nvram_ops.write(buf, count, ppos); #endif return nvram_write_bytes(buf, count, ppos); } #endif /* _LINUX_NVRAM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ #ifndef _NET_ETHTOOL_NETLINK_H #define _NET_ETHTOOL_NETLINK_H #include <linux/ethtool_netlink.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <net/genetlink.h> #include <net/sock.h> struct ethnl_req_info; int ethnl_parse_header_dev_get(struct ethnl_req_info *req_info, const struct nlattr *nest, struct net *net, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack, bool require_dev); int ethnl_fill_reply_header(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, u16 attrtype); struct sk_buff *ethnl_reply_init(size_t payload, struct net_device *dev, u8 cmd, u16 hdr_attrtype, struct genl_info *info, void **ehdrp); void *ethnl_dump_put(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, u8 cmd); void *ethnl_bcastmsg_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 cmd); int ethnl_multicast(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev); /** * ethnl_strz_size() - calculate attribute length for fixed size string * @s: ETH_GSTRING_LEN sized string (may not be null terminated) * * Return: total length of an attribute with null terminated string from @s */ static inline int ethnl_strz_size(const char *s) { return nla_total_size(strnlen(s, ETH_GSTRING_LEN) + 1); } /** * ethnl_put_strz() - put string attribute with fixed size string * @skb: skb with the message * @attrype: attribute type * @s: ETH_GSTRING_LEN sized string (may not be null terminated) * * Puts an attribute with null terminated string from @s into the message. * * Return: 0 on success, negative error code on failure */ static inline int ethnl_put_strz(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 attrtype, const char *s) { unsigned int len = strnlen(s, ETH_GSTRING_LEN); struct nlattr *attr; attr = nla_reserve(skb, attrtype, len + 1); if (!attr) return -EMSGSIZE; memcpy(nla_data(attr), s, len); ((char *)nla_data(attr))[len] = '\0'; return 0; } /** * ethnl_update_u32() - update u32 value from NLA_U32 attribute * @dst: value to update * @attr: netlink attribute with new value or null * @mod: pointer to bool for modification tracking * * Copy the u32 value from NLA_U32 netlink attribute @attr into variable * pointed to by @dst; do nothing if @attr is null. Bool pointed to by @mod * is set to true if this function changed the value of *dst, otherwise it * is left as is. */ static inline void ethnl_update_u32(u32 *dst, const struct nlattr *attr, bool *mod) { u32 val; if (!attr) return; val = nla_get_u32(attr); if (*dst == val) return; *dst = val; *mod = true; } /** * ethnl_update_u8() - update u8 value from NLA_U8 attribute * @dst: value to update * @attr: netlink attribute with new value or null * @mod: pointer to bool for modification tracking * * Copy the u8 value from NLA_U8 netlink attribute @attr into variable * pointed to by @dst; do nothing if @attr is null. Bool pointed to by @mod * is set to true if this function changed the value of *dst, otherwise it * is left as is. */ static inline void ethnl_update_u8(u8 *dst, const struct nlattr *attr, bool *mod) { u8 val; if (!attr) return; val = nla_get_u8(attr); if (*dst == val) return; *dst = val; *mod = true; } /** * ethnl_update_bool32() - update u32 used as bool from NLA_U8 attribute * @dst: value to update * @attr: netlink attribute with new value or null * @mod: pointer to bool for modification tracking * * Use the u8 value from NLA_U8 netlink attribute @attr to set u32 variable * pointed to by @dst to 0 (if zero) or 1 (if not); do nothing if @attr is * null. Bool pointed to by @mod is set to true if this function changed the * logical value of *dst, otherwise it is left as is. */ static inline void ethnl_update_bool32(u32 *dst, const struct nlattr *attr, bool *mod) { u8 val; if (!attr) return; val = !!nla_get_u8(attr); if (!!*dst == val) return; *dst = val; *mod = true; } /** * ethnl_update_binary() - update binary data from NLA_BINARY atribute * @dst: value to update * @len: destination buffer length * @attr: netlink attribute with new value or null * @mod: pointer to bool for modification tracking * * Use the u8 value from NLA_U8 netlink attribute @attr to rewrite data block * of length @len at @dst by attribute payload; do nothing if @attr is null. * Bool pointed to by @mod is set to true if this function changed the logical * value of *dst, otherwise it is left as is. */ static inline void ethnl_update_binary(void *dst, unsigned int len, const struct nlattr *attr, bool *mod) { if (!attr) return; if (nla_len(attr) < len) len = nla_len(attr); if (!memcmp(dst, nla_data(attr), len)) return; memcpy(dst, nla_data(attr), len); *mod = true; } /** * ethnl_update_bitfield32() - update u32 value from NLA_BITFIELD32 attribute * @dst: value to update * @attr: netlink attribute with new value or null * @mod: pointer to bool for modification tracking * * Update bits in u32 value which are set in attribute's mask to values from * attribute's value. Do nothing if @attr is null or the value wouldn't change; * otherwise, set bool pointed to by @mod to true. */ static inline void ethnl_update_bitfield32(u32 *dst, const struct nlattr *attr, bool *mod) { struct nla_bitfield32 change; u32 newval; if (!attr) return; change = nla_get_bitfield32(attr); newval = (*dst & ~change.selector) | (change.value & change.selector); if (*dst == newval) return; *dst = newval; *mod = true; } /** * ethnl_reply_header_size() - total size of reply header * * This is an upper estimate so that we do not need to hold RTNL lock longer * than necessary (to prevent rename between size estimate and composing the * message). Accounts only for device ifindex and name as those are the only * attributes ethnl_fill_reply_header() puts into the reply header. */ static inline unsigned int ethnl_reply_header_size(void) { return nla_total_size(nla_total_size(sizeof(u32)) + nla_total_size(IFNAMSIZ)); } /* GET request handling */ /* Unified processing of GET requests uses two data structures: request info * and reply data. Request info holds information parsed from client request * and its stays constant through all request processing. Reply data holds data * retrieved from ethtool_ops callbacks or other internal sources which is used * to compose the reply. When processing a dump request, request info is filled * only once (when the request message is parsed) but reply data is filled for * each reply message. * * Both structures consist of part common for all request types (struct * ethnl_req_info and struct ethnl_reply_data defined below) and optional * parts specific for each request type. Common part always starts at offset 0. */ /** * struct ethnl_req_info - base type of request information for GET requests * @dev: network device the request is for (may be null) * @flags: request flags common for all request types * * This is a common base for request specific structures holding data from * parsed userspace request. These always embed struct ethnl_req_info at * zero offset. */ struct ethnl_req_info { struct net_device *dev; u32 flags; }; /** * struct ethnl_reply_data - base type of reply data for GET requests * @dev: device for current reply message; in single shot requests it is * equal to &ethnl_req_info.dev; in dumps it's different for each * reply message * * This is a common base for request specific structures holding data for * kernel reply message. These always embed struct ethnl_reply_data at zero * offset. */ struct ethnl_reply_data { struct net_device *dev; }; static inline int ethnl_ops_begin(struct net_device *dev) { if (dev && dev->reg_state == NETREG_UNREGISTERING) return -ENODEV; if (dev && dev->ethtool_ops->begin) return dev->ethtool_ops->begin(dev); else return 0; } static inline void ethnl_ops_complete(struct net_device *dev) { if (dev && dev->ethtool_ops->complete) dev->ethtool_ops->complete(dev); } /** * struct ethnl_request_ops - unified handling of GET requests * @request_cmd: command id for request (GET) * @reply_cmd: command id for reply (GET_REPLY) * @hdr_attr: attribute type for request header * @req_info_size: size of request info * @reply_data_size: size of reply data * @allow_nodev_do: allow non-dump request with no device identification * @parse_request: * Parse request except common header (struct ethnl_req_info). Common * header is already filled on entry, the rest up to @repdata_offset * is zero initialized. This callback should only modify type specific * request info by parsed attributes from request message. * @prepare_data: * Retrieve and prepare data needed to compose a reply message. Calls to * ethtool_ops handlers are limited to this callback. Common reply data * (struct ethnl_reply_data) is filled on entry, type specific part after * it is zero initialized. This callback should only modify the type * specific part of reply data. Device identification from struct * ethnl_reply_data is to be used as for dump requests, it iterates * through network devices while dev member of struct ethnl_req_info * points to the device from client request. * @reply_size: * Estimate reply message size. Returned value must be sufficient for * message payload without common reply header. The callback may returned * estimate higher than actual message size if exact calculation would * not be worth the saved memory space. * @fill_reply: * Fill reply message payload (except for common header) from reply data. * The callback must not generate more payload than previously called * ->reply_size() estimated. * @cleanup_data: * Optional cleanup called when reply data is no longer needed. Can be * used e.g. to free any additional data structures outside the main * structure which were allocated by ->prepare_data(). When processing * dump requests, ->cleanup() is called for each message. * * Description of variable parts of GET request handling when using the * unified infrastructure. When used, a pointer to an instance of this * structure is to be added to &ethnl_default_requests array and generic * handlers ethnl_default_doit(), ethnl_default_dumpit(), * ethnl_default_start() and ethnl_default_done() used in @ethtool_genl_ops; * ethnl_default_notify() can be used in @ethnl_notify_handlers to send * notifications of the corresponding type. */ struct ethnl_request_ops { u8 request_cmd; u8 reply_cmd; u16 hdr_attr; unsigned int req_info_size; unsigned int reply_data_size; bool allow_nodev_do; int (*parse_request)(struct ethnl_req_info *req_info, struct nlattr **tb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int (*prepare_data)(const struct ethnl_req_info *req_info, struct ethnl_reply_data *reply_data, struct genl_info *info); int (*reply_size)(const struct ethnl_req_info *req_info, const struct ethnl_reply_data *reply_data); int (*fill_reply)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct ethnl_req_info *req_info, const struct ethnl_reply_data *reply_data); void (*cleanup_data)(struct ethnl_reply_data *reply_data); }; /* request handlers */ extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_strset_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_linkinfo_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_linkmodes_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_linkstate_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_debug_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_wol_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_features_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_privflags_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_rings_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_channels_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_coalesce_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_pause_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_eee_request_ops; extern const struct ethnl_request_ops ethnl_tsinfo_request_ops; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_header_policy[ETHTOOL_A_HEADER_FLAGS + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_header_policy_stats[ETHTOOL_A_HEADER_FLAGS + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_strset_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_STRSET_COUNTS_ONLY + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_linkinfo_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_LINKINFO_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_linkinfo_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_LINKINFO_TP_MDIX_CTRL + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_linkmodes_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_LINKMODES_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_linkmodes_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_LINKMODES_MASTER_SLAVE_CFG + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_linkstate_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_LINKSTATE_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_debug_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_DEBUG_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_debug_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_DEBUG_MSGMASK + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_wol_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_WOL_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_wol_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_WOL_SOPASS + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_features_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_FEATURES_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_features_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_FEATURES_WANTED + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_privflags_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_PRIVFLAGS_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_privflags_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_PRIVFLAGS_FLAGS + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_rings_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_RINGS_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_rings_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_RINGS_TX + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_channels_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_CHANNELS_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_channels_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_CHANNELS_COMBINED_COUNT + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_coalesce_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_COALESCE_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_coalesce_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_COALESCE_RATE_SAMPLE_INTERVAL + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_pause_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_PAUSE_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_pause_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_PAUSE_TX + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_eee_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_EEE_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_eee_set_policy[ETHTOOL_A_EEE_TX_LPI_TIMER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_tsinfo_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_TSINFO_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_cable_test_act_policy[ETHTOOL_A_CABLE_TEST_HEADER + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_cable_test_tdr_act_policy[ETHTOOL_A_CABLE_TEST_TDR_CFG + 1]; extern const struct nla_policy ethnl_tunnel_info_get_policy[ETHTOOL_A_TUNNEL_INFO_HEADER + 1]; int ethnl_set_linkinfo(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_linkmodes(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_debug(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_wol(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_features(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_privflags(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_rings(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_channels(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_coalesce(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_pause(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_set_eee(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_act_cable_test(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_act_cable_test_tdr(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_tunnel_info_doit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int ethnl_tunnel_info_start(struct netlink_callback *cb); int ethnl_tunnel_info_dumpit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb); #endif /* _NET_ETHTOOL_NETLINK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __ASM_GENERIC_GETORDER_H #define __ASM_GENERIC_GETORDER_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/log2.h> /** * get_order - Determine the allocation order of a memory size * @size: The size for which to get the order * * Determine the allocation order of a particular sized block of memory. This * is on a logarithmic scale, where: * * 0 -> 2^0 * PAGE_SIZE and below * 1 -> 2^1 * PAGE_SIZE to 2^0 * PAGE_SIZE + 1 * 2 -> 2^2 * PAGE_SIZE to 2^1 * PAGE_SIZE + 1 * 3 -> 2^3 * PAGE_SIZE to 2^2 * PAGE_SIZE + 1 * 4 -> 2^4 * PAGE_SIZE to 2^3 * PAGE_SIZE + 1 * ... * * The order returned is used to find the smallest allocation granule required * to hold an object of the specified size. * * The result is undefined if the size is 0. */ static inline __attribute_const__ int get_order(unsigned long size) { if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { if (!size) return BITS_PER_LONG - PAGE_SHIFT; if (size < (1UL << PAGE_SHIFT)) return 0; return ilog2((size) - 1) - PAGE_SHIFT + 1; } size--; size >>= PAGE_SHIFT; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 return fls(size); #else return fls64(size); #endif } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __ASM_GENERIC_GETORDER_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/kernel/capability.c * * Copyright (C) 1997 Andrew Main <zefram@fysh.org> * * Integrated into 2.1.97+, Andrew G. Morgan <morgan@kernel.org> * 30 May 2002: Cleanup, Robert M. Love <rml@tech9.net> */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> /* * Leveraged for setting/resetting capabilities */ const kernel_cap_t __cap_empty_set = CAP_EMPTY_SET; EXPORT_SYMBOL(__cap_empty_set); int file_caps_enabled = 1; static int __init file_caps_disable(char *str) { file_caps_enabled = 0; return 1; } __setup("no_file_caps", file_caps_disable); #ifdef CONFIG_MULTIUSER /* * More recent versions of libcap are available from: * * http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/libs/security/linux-privs/ */ static void warn_legacy_capability_use(void) { char name[sizeof(current->comm)]; pr_info_once("warning: `%s' uses 32-bit capabilities (legacy support in use)\n", get_task_comm(name, current)); } /* * Version 2 capabilities worked fine, but the linux/capability.h file * that accompanied their introduction encouraged their use without * the necessary user-space source code changes. As such, we have * created a version 3 with equivalent functionality to version 2, but * with a header change to protect legacy source code from using * version 2 when it wanted to use version 1. If your system has code * that trips the following warning, it is using version 2 specific * capabilities and may be doing so insecurely. * * The remedy is to either upgrade your version of libcap (to 2.10+, * if the application is linked against it), or recompile your * application with modern kernel headers and this warning will go * away. */ static void warn_deprecated_v2(void) { char name[sizeof(current->comm)]; pr_info_once("warning: `%s' uses deprecated v2 capabilities in a way that may be insecure\n", get_task_comm(name, current)); } /* * Version check. Return the number of u32s in each capability flag * array, or a negative value on error. */ static int cap_validate_magic(cap_user_header_t header, unsigned *tocopy) { __u32 version; if (get_user(version, &header->version)) return -EFAULT; switch (version) { case _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_1: warn_legacy_capability_use(); *tocopy = _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_1; break; case _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_2: warn_deprecated_v2(); fallthrough; /* v3 is otherwise equivalent to v2 */ case _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_3: *tocopy = _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_3; break; default: if (put_user((u32)_KERNEL_CAPABILITY_VERSION, &header->version)) return -EFAULT; return -EINVAL; } return 0; } /* * The only thing that can change the capabilities of the current * process is the current process. As such, we can't be in this code * at the same time as we are in the process of setting capabilities * in this process. The net result is that we can limit our use of * locks to when we are reading the caps of another process. */ static inline int cap_get_target_pid(pid_t pid, kernel_cap_t *pEp, kernel_cap_t *pIp, kernel_cap_t *pPp) { int ret; if (pid && (pid != task_pid_vnr(current))) { struct task_struct *target; rcu_read_lock(); target = find_task_by_vpid(pid); if (!target) ret = -ESRCH; else ret = security_capget(target, pEp, pIp, pPp); rcu_read_unlock(); } else ret = security_capget(current, pEp, pIp, pPp); return ret; } /** * sys_capget - get the capabilities of a given process. * @header: pointer to struct that contains capability version and * target pid data * @dataptr: pointer to struct that contains the effective, permitted, * and inheritable capabilities that are returned * * Returns 0 on success and < 0 on error. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(capget, cap_user_header_t, header, cap_user_data_t, dataptr) { int ret = 0; pid_t pid; unsigned tocopy; kernel_cap_t pE, pI, pP; ret = cap_validate_magic(header, &tocopy); if ((dataptr == NULL) || (ret != 0)) return ((dataptr == NULL) && (ret == -EINVAL)) ? 0 : ret; if (get_user(pid, &header->pid)) return -EFAULT; if (pid < 0) return -EINVAL; ret = cap_get_target_pid(pid, &pE, &pI, &pP); if (!ret) { struct __user_cap_data_struct kdata[_KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S]; unsigned i; for (i = 0; i < tocopy; i++) { kdata[i].effective = pE.cap[i]; kdata[i].permitted = pP.cap[i]; kdata[i].inheritable = pI.cap[i]; } /* * Note, in the case, tocopy < _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S, * we silently drop the upper capabilities here. This * has the effect of making older libcap * implementations implicitly drop upper capability * bits when they perform a: capget/modify/capset * sequence. * * This behavior is considered fail-safe * behavior. Upgrading the application to a newer * version of libcap will enable access to the newer * capabilities. * * An alternative would be to return an error here * (-ERANGE), but that causes legacy applications to * unexpectedly fail; the capget/modify/capset aborts * before modification is attempted and the application * fails. */ if (copy_to_user(dataptr, kdata, tocopy * sizeof(struct __user_cap_data_struct))) { return -EFAULT; } } return ret; } /** * sys_capset - set capabilities for a process or (*) a group of processes * @header: pointer to struct that contains capability version and * target pid data * @data: pointer to struct that contains the effective, permitted, * and inheritable capabilities * * Set capabilities for the current process only. The ability to any other * process(es) has been deprecated and removed. * * The restrictions on setting capabilities are specified as: * * I: any raised capabilities must be a subset of the old permitted * P: any raised capabilities must be a subset of the old permitted * E: must be set to a subset of new permitted * * Returns 0 on success and < 0 on error. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(capset, cap_user_header_t, header, const cap_user_data_t, data) { struct __user_cap_data_struct kdata[_KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S]; unsigned i, tocopy, copybytes; kernel_cap_t inheritable, permitted, effective; struct cred *new; int ret; pid_t pid; ret = cap_validate_magic(header, &tocopy); if (ret != 0) return ret; if (get_user(pid, &header->pid)) return -EFAULT; /* may only affect current now */ if (pid != 0 && pid != task_pid_vnr(current)) return -EPERM; copybytes = tocopy * sizeof(struct __user_cap_data_struct); if (copybytes > sizeof(kdata)) return -EFAULT; if (copy_from_user(&kdata, data, copybytes)) return -EFAULT; for (i = 0; i < tocopy; i++) { effective.cap[i] = kdata[i].effective; permitted.cap[i] = kdata[i].permitted; inheritable.cap[i] = kdata[i].inheritable; } while (i < _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S) { effective.cap[i] = 0; permitted.cap[i] = 0; inheritable.cap[i] = 0; i++; } effective.cap[CAP_LAST_U32] &= CAP_LAST_U32_VALID_MASK; permitted.cap[CAP_LAST_U32] &= CAP_LAST_U32_VALID_MASK; inheritable.cap[CAP_LAST_U32] &= CAP_LAST_U32_VALID_MASK; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; ret = security_capset(new, current_cred(), &effective, &inheritable, &permitted); if (ret < 0) goto error; audit_log_capset(new, current_cred()); return commit_creds(new); error: abort_creds(new); return ret; } /** * has_ns_capability - Does a task have a capability in a specific user ns * @t: The task in question * @ns: target user namespace * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if the specified task has the given superior capability * currently in effect to the specified user namespace, false if not. * * Note that this does not set PF_SUPERPRIV on the task. */ bool has_ns_capability(struct task_struct *t, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { int ret; rcu_read_lock(); ret = security_capable(__task_cred(t), ns, cap, CAP_OPT_NONE); rcu_read_unlock(); return (ret == 0); } /** * has_capability - Does a task have a capability in init_user_ns * @t: The task in question * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if the specified task has the given superior capability * currently in effect to the initial user namespace, false if not. * * Note that this does not set PF_SUPERPRIV on the task. */ bool has_capability(struct task_struct *t, int cap) { return has_ns_capability(t, &init_user_ns, cap); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(has_capability); /** * has_ns_capability_noaudit - Does a task have a capability (unaudited) * in a specific user ns. * @t: The task in question * @ns: target user namespace * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if the specified task has the given superior capability * currently in effect to the specified user namespace, false if not. * Do not write an audit message for the check. * * Note that this does not set PF_SUPERPRIV on the task. */ bool has_ns_capability_noaudit(struct task_struct *t, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { int ret; rcu_read_lock(); ret = security_capable(__task_cred(t), ns, cap, CAP_OPT_NOAUDIT); rcu_read_unlock(); return (ret == 0); } /** * has_capability_noaudit - Does a task have a capability (unaudited) in the * initial user ns * @t: The task in question * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if the specified task has the given superior capability * currently in effect to init_user_ns, false if not. Don't write an * audit message for the check. * * Note that this does not set PF_SUPERPRIV on the task. */ bool has_capability_noaudit(struct task_struct *t, int cap) { return has_ns_capability_noaudit(t, &init_user_ns, cap); } static bool ns_capable_common(struct user_namespace *ns, int cap, unsigned int opts) { int capable; if (unlikely(!cap_valid(cap))) { pr_crit("capable() called with invalid cap=%u\n", cap); BUG(); } capable = security_capable(current_cred(), ns, cap, opts); if (capable == 0) { current->flags |= PF_SUPERPRIV; return true; } return false; } /** * ns_capable - Determine if the current task has a superior capability in effect * @ns: The usernamespace we want the capability in * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if the current task has the given superior capability currently * available for use, false if not. * * This sets PF_SUPERPRIV on the task if the capability is available on the * assumption that it's about to be used. */ bool ns_capable(struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { return ns_capable_common(ns, cap, CAP_OPT_NONE); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ns_capable); /** * ns_capable_noaudit - Determine if the current task has a superior capability * (unaudited) in effect * @ns: The usernamespace we want the capability in * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if the current task has the given superior capability currently * available for use, false if not. * * This sets PF_SUPERPRIV on the task if the capability is available on the * assumption that it's about to be used. */ bool ns_capable_noaudit(struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { return ns_capable_common(ns, cap, CAP_OPT_NOAUDIT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ns_capable_noaudit); /** * ns_capable_setid - Determine if the current task has a superior capability * in effect, while signalling that this check is being done from within a * setid or setgroups syscall. * @ns: The usernamespace we want the capability in * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if the current task has the given superior capability currently * available for use, false if not. * * This sets PF_SUPERPRIV on the task if the capability is available on the * assumption that it's about to be used. */ bool ns_capable_setid(struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { return ns_capable_common(ns, cap, CAP_OPT_INSETID); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ns_capable_setid); /** * capable - Determine if the current task has a superior capability in effect * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if the current task has the given superior capability currently * available for use, false if not. * * This sets PF_SUPERPRIV on the task if the capability is available on the * assumption that it's about to be used. */ bool capable(int cap) { return ns_capable(&init_user_ns, cap); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(capable); #endif /* CONFIG_MULTIUSER */ /** * file_ns_capable - Determine if the file's opener had a capability in effect * @file: The file we want to check * @ns: The usernamespace we want the capability in * @cap: The capability to be tested for * * Return true if task that opened the file had a capability in effect * when the file was opened. * * This does not set PF_SUPERPRIV because the caller may not * actually be privileged. */ bool file_ns_capable(const struct file *file, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!cap_valid(cap))) return false; if (security_capable(file->f_cred, ns, cap, CAP_OPT_NONE) == 0) return true; return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_ns_capable); /** * privileged_wrt_inode_uidgid - Do capabilities in the namespace work over the inode? * @ns: The user namespace in question * @inode: The inode in question * * Return true if the inode uid and gid are within the namespace. */ bool privileged_wrt_inode_uidgid(struct user_namespace *ns, const struct inode *inode) { return kuid_has_mapping(ns, inode->i_uid) && kgid_has_mapping(ns, inode->i_gid); } /** * capable_wrt_inode_uidgid - Check nsown_capable and uid and gid mapped * @inode: The inode in question * @cap: The capability in question * * Return true if the current task has the given capability targeted at * its own user namespace and that the given inode's uid and gid are * mapped into the current user namespace. */ bool capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(const struct inode *inode, int cap) { struct user_namespace *ns = current_user_ns(); return ns_capable(ns, cap) && privileged_wrt_inode_uidgid(ns, inode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(capable_wrt_inode_uidgid); /** * ptracer_capable - Determine if the ptracer holds CAP_SYS_PTRACE in the namespace * @tsk: The task that may be ptraced * @ns: The user namespace to search for CAP_SYS_PTRACE in * * Return true if the task that is ptracing the current task had CAP_SYS_PTRACE * in the specified user namespace. */ bool ptracer_capable(struct task_struct *tsk, struct user_namespace *ns) { int ret = 0; /* An absent tracer adds no restrictions */ const struct cred *cred; rcu_read_lock(); cred = rcu_dereference(tsk->ptracer_cred); if (cred) ret = security_capable(cred, ns, CAP_SYS_PTRACE, CAP_OPT_NOAUDIT); rcu_read_unlock(); return (ret == 0); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM udp #if !defined(_TRACE_UDP_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_UDP_H #include <linux/udp.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(udp_fail_queue_rcv_skb, TP_PROTO(int rc, struct sock *sk), TP_ARGS(rc, sk), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, rc) __field(__u16, lport) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->rc = rc; __entry->lport = inet_sk(sk)->inet_num; ), TP_printk("rc=%d port=%hu", __entry->rc, __entry->lport) ); #endif /* _TRACE_UDP_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 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IEEE802154_SEQ_LEN 1 /* General MAC frame format: * 2 bytes: Frame Control * 1 byte: Sequence Number * 20 bytes: Addressing fields * 14 bytes: Auxiliary Security Header */ #define IEEE802154_MAX_HEADER_LEN (2 + 1 + 20 + 14) #define IEEE802154_MIN_HEADER_LEN (IEEE802154_ACK_PSDU_LEN - \ IEEE802154_FCS_LEN) #define IEEE802154_PAN_ID_BROADCAST 0xffff #define IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT_BROADCAST 0xffff #define IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT_UNSPEC 0xfffe #define IEEE802154_EXTENDED_ADDR_LEN 8 #define IEEE802154_SHORT_ADDR_LEN 2 #define IEEE802154_PAN_ID_LEN 2 #define IEEE802154_LIFS_PERIOD 40 #define IEEE802154_SIFS_PERIOD 12 #define IEEE802154_MAX_SIFS_FRAME_SIZE 18 #define IEEE802154_MAX_CHANNEL 26 #define IEEE802154_MAX_PAGE 31 #define IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_BEACON 0x0 /* Frame is beacon */ #define IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_DATA 0x1 /* Frame is data */ #define IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_ACK 0x2 /* Frame is acknowledgment */ #define IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_MAC_CMD 0x3 /* Frame is MAC command */ #define IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_SHIFT 0 #define IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_MASK ((1 << 3) - 1) #define IEEE802154_FC_TYPE(x) ((x & IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_MASK) >> IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_SET_TYPE(v, x) do { \ v = (((v) & ~IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_MASK) | \ (((x) << IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_SHIFT) & IEEE802154_FC_TYPE_MASK)); \ } while (0) #define IEEE802154_FC_SECEN_SHIFT 3 #define IEEE802154_FC_SECEN (1 << IEEE802154_FC_SECEN_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_FRPEND_SHIFT 4 #define IEEE802154_FC_FRPEND (1 << IEEE802154_FC_FRPEND_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_ACK_REQ_SHIFT 5 #define IEEE802154_FC_ACK_REQ (1 << IEEE802154_FC_ACK_REQ_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_INTRA_PAN_SHIFT 6 #define IEEE802154_FC_INTRA_PAN (1 << IEEE802154_FC_INTRA_PAN_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_SAMODE_SHIFT 14 #define IEEE802154_FC_SAMODE_MASK (3 << IEEE802154_FC_SAMODE_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_DAMODE_SHIFT 10 #define IEEE802154_FC_DAMODE_MASK (3 << IEEE802154_FC_DAMODE_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_VERSION_SHIFT 12 #define IEEE802154_FC_VERSION_MASK (3 << IEEE802154_FC_VERSION_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_VERSION(x) ((x & IEEE802154_FC_VERSION_MASK) >> IEEE802154_FC_VERSION_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_SAMODE(x) \ (((x) & IEEE802154_FC_SAMODE_MASK) >> IEEE802154_FC_SAMODE_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_FC_DAMODE(x) \ (((x) & IEEE802154_FC_DAMODE_MASK) >> IEEE802154_FC_DAMODE_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MASK 7 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_SHIFT 0 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL(x) (x & IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MASK) #define IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_ID_MODE_SHIFT 3 #define IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_ID_MODE_MASK (3 << IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_ID_MODE_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_ID_MODE(x) \ ((x & IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_ID_MODE_MASK) >> IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_ID_MODE_SHIFT) #define IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_IMPLICIT 0 #define IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_INDEX 1 #define IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_SHORT_INDEX 2 #define IEEE802154_SCF_KEY_HW_INDEX 3 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_NONE 0 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC32 1 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC64 2 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC128 3 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC 4 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC32 5 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC64 6 #define IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC128 7 /* MAC footer size */ #define IEEE802154_MFR_SIZE 2 /* 2 octets */ /* MAC's Command Frames Identifiers */ #define IEEE802154_CMD_ASSOCIATION_REQ 0x01 #define IEEE802154_CMD_ASSOCIATION_RESP 0x02 #define IEEE802154_CMD_DISASSOCIATION_NOTIFY 0x03 #define IEEE802154_CMD_DATA_REQ 0x04 #define IEEE802154_CMD_PANID_CONFLICT_NOTIFY 0x05 #define IEEE802154_CMD_ORPHAN_NOTIFY 0x06 #define IEEE802154_CMD_BEACON_REQ 0x07 #define IEEE802154_CMD_COORD_REALIGN_NOTIFY 0x08 #define IEEE802154_CMD_GTS_REQ 0x09 /* * The return values of MAC operations */ enum { /* * The requested operation was completed successfully. * For a transmission request, this value indicates * a successful transmission. */ IEEE802154_SUCCESS = 0x0, /* The beacon was lost following a synchronization request. */ IEEE802154_BEACON_LOSS = 0xe0, /* * A transmission could not take place due to activity on the * channel, i.e., the CSMA-CA mechanism has failed. */ IEEE802154_CHNL_ACCESS_FAIL = 0xe1, /* The GTS request has been denied by the PAN coordinator. */ IEEE802154_DENINED = 0xe2, /* The attempt to disable the transceiver has failed. */ IEEE802154_DISABLE_TRX_FAIL = 0xe3, /* * The received frame induces a failed security check according to * the security suite. */ IEEE802154_FAILED_SECURITY_CHECK = 0xe4, /* * The frame resulting from secure processing has a length that is * greater than aMACMaxFrameSize. */ IEEE802154_FRAME_TOO_LONG = 0xe5, /* * The requested GTS transmission failed because the specified GTS * either did not have a transmit GTS direction or was not defined. */ IEEE802154_INVALID_GTS = 0xe6, /* * A request to purge an MSDU from the transaction queue was made using * an MSDU handle that was not found in the transaction table. */ IEEE802154_INVALID_HANDLE = 0xe7, /* A parameter in the primitive is out of the valid range.*/ IEEE802154_INVALID_PARAMETER = 0xe8, /* No acknowledgment was received after aMaxFrameRetries. */ IEEE802154_NO_ACK = 0xe9, /* A scan operation failed to find any network beacons.*/ IEEE802154_NO_BEACON = 0xea, /* No response data were available following a request. */ IEEE802154_NO_DATA = 0xeb, /* The operation failed because a short address was not allocated. */ IEEE802154_NO_SHORT_ADDRESS = 0xec, /* * A receiver enable request was unsuccessful because it could not be * completed within the CAP. */ IEEE802154_OUT_OF_CAP = 0xed, /* * A PAN identifier conflict has been detected and communicated to the * PAN coordinator. */ IEEE802154_PANID_CONFLICT = 0xee, /* A coordinator realignment command has been received. */ IEEE802154_REALIGMENT = 0xef, /* The transaction has expired and its information discarded. */ IEEE802154_TRANSACTION_EXPIRED = 0xf0, /* There is no capacity to store the transaction. */ IEEE802154_TRANSACTION_OVERFLOW = 0xf1, /* * The transceiver was in the transmitter enabled state when the * receiver was requested to be enabled. */ IEEE802154_TX_ACTIVE = 0xf2, /* The appropriate key is not available in the ACL. */ IEEE802154_UNAVAILABLE_KEY = 0xf3, /* * A SET/GET request was issued with the identifier of a PIB attribute * that is not supported. */ IEEE802154_UNSUPPORTED_ATTR = 0xf4, /* * A request to perform a scan operation failed because the MLME was * in the process of performing a previously initiated scan operation. */ IEEE802154_SCAN_IN_PROGRESS = 0xfc, }; /* frame control handling */ #define IEEE802154_FCTL_FTYPE 0x0003 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_ACKREQ 0x0020 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_SECEN 0x0004 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_INTRA_PAN 0x0040 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_DADDR 0x0c00 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_SADDR 0xc000 #define IEEE802154_FTYPE_DATA 0x0001 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_ADDR_NONE 0x0000 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_DADDR_SHORT 0x0800 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_DADDR_EXTENDED 0x0c00 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_SADDR_SHORT 0x8000 #define IEEE802154_FCTL_SADDR_EXTENDED 0xc000 /* * ieee802154_is_data - check if type is IEEE802154_FTYPE_DATA * @fc: frame control bytes in little-endian byteorder */ static inline int ieee802154_is_data(__le16 fc) { return (fc & cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_FCTL_FTYPE)) == cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_FTYPE_DATA); } /** * ieee802154_is_secen - check if Security bit is set * @fc: frame control bytes in little-endian byteorder */ static inline bool ieee802154_is_secen(__le16 fc) { return fc & cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_FCTL_SECEN); } /** * ieee802154_is_ackreq - check if acknowledgment request bit is set * @fc: frame control bytes in little-endian byteorder */ static inline bool ieee802154_is_ackreq(__le16 fc) { return fc & cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_FCTL_ACKREQ); } /** * ieee802154_is_intra_pan - check if intra pan id communication * @fc: frame control bytes in little-endian byteorder */ static inline bool ieee802154_is_intra_pan(__le16 fc) { return fc & cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_FCTL_INTRA_PAN); } /* * ieee802154_daddr_mode - get daddr mode from fc * @fc: frame control bytes in little-endian byteorder */ static inline __le16 ieee802154_daddr_mode(__le16 fc) { return fc & cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_FCTL_DADDR); } /* * ieee802154_saddr_mode - get saddr mode from fc * @fc: frame control bytes in little-endian byteorder */ static inline __le16 ieee802154_saddr_mode(__le16 fc) { return fc & cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_FCTL_SADDR); } /** * ieee802154_is_valid_psdu_len - check if psdu len is valid * available lengths: * 0-4 Reserved * 5 MPDU (Acknowledgment) * 6-8 Reserved * 9-127 MPDU * * @len: psdu len with (MHR + payload + MFR) */ static inline bool ieee802154_is_valid_psdu_len(u8 len) { return (len == IEEE802154_ACK_PSDU_LEN || (len >= IEEE802154_MIN_PSDU_LEN && len <= IEEE802154_MTU)); } /** * ieee802154_is_valid_extended_unicast_addr - check if extended addr is valid * @addr: extended addr to check */ static inline bool ieee802154_is_valid_extended_unicast_addr(__le64 addr) { /* Bail out if the address is all zero, or if the group * address bit is set. */ return ((addr != cpu_to_le64(0x0000000000000000ULL)) && !(addr & cpu_to_le64(0x0100000000000000ULL))); } /** * ieee802154_is_broadcast_short_addr - check if short addr is broadcast * @addr: short addr to check */ static inline bool ieee802154_is_broadcast_short_addr(__le16 addr) { return (addr == cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT_BROADCAST)); } /** * ieee802154_is_unspec_short_addr - check if short addr is unspecified * @addr: short addr to check */ static inline bool ieee802154_is_unspec_short_addr(__le16 addr) { return (addr == cpu_to_le16(IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT_UNSPEC)); } /** * ieee802154_is_valid_src_short_addr - check if source short address is valid * @addr: short addr to check */ static inline bool ieee802154_is_valid_src_short_addr(__le16 addr) { return !(ieee802154_is_broadcast_short_addr(addr) || ieee802154_is_unspec_short_addr(addr)); } /** * ieee802154_random_extended_addr - generates a random extended address * @addr: extended addr pointer to place the random address */ static inline void ieee802154_random_extended_addr(__le64 *addr) { get_random_bytes(addr, IEEE802154_EXTENDED_ADDR_LEN); /* clear the group bit, and set the locally administered bit */ ((u8 *)addr)[IEEE802154_EXTENDED_ADDR_LEN - 1] &= ~0x01; ((u8 *)addr)[IEEE802154_EXTENDED_ADDR_LEN - 1] |= 0x02; } #endif /* LINUX_IEEE802154_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _FAT_H #define _FAT_H #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/nls.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <linux/msdos_fs.h> /* * vfat shortname flags */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_LOWER 0x0001 /* convert to lowercase for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WIN95 0x0002 /* emulate win95 rule for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT 0x0004 /* emulate winnt rule for display */ #define VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95 0x0100 /* emulate win95 rule for create */ #define VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WINNT 0x0200 /* emulate winnt rule for create */ #define FAT_ERRORS_CONT 1 /* ignore error and continue */ #define FAT_ERRORS_PANIC 2 /* panic on error */ #define FAT_ERRORS_RO 3 /* remount r/o on error */ #define FAT_NFS_STALE_RW 1 /* NFS RW support, can cause ESTALE */ #define FAT_NFS_NOSTALE_RO 2 /* NFS RO support, no ESTALE issue */ struct fat_mount_options { kuid_t fs_uid; kgid_t fs_gid; unsigned short fs_fmask; unsigned short fs_dmask; unsigned short codepage; /* Codepage for shortname conversions */ int time_offset; /* Offset of timestamps from UTC (in minutes) */ char *iocharset; /* Charset used for filename input/display */ unsigned short shortname; /* flags for shortname display/create rule */ unsigned char name_check; /* r = relaxed, n = normal, s = strict */ unsigned char errors; /* On error: continue, panic, remount-ro */ unsigned char nfs; /* NFS support: nostale_ro, stale_rw */ unsigned short allow_utime;/* permission for setting the [am]time */ unsigned quiet:1, /* set = fake successful chmods and chowns */ showexec:1, /* set = only set x bit for com/exe/bat */ sys_immutable:1, /* set = system files are immutable */ dotsOK:1, /* set = hidden and system files are named '.filename' */ isvfat:1, /* 0=no vfat long filename support, 1=vfat support */ utf8:1, /* Use of UTF-8 character set (Default) */ unicode_xlate:1, /* create escape sequences for unhandled Unicode */ numtail:1, /* Does first alias have a numeric '~1' type tail? */ flush:1, /* write things quickly */ nocase:1, /* Does this need case conversion? 0=need case conversion*/ usefree:1, /* Use free_clusters for FAT32 */ tz_set:1, /* Filesystem timestamps' offset set */ rodir:1, /* allow ATTR_RO for directory */ discard:1, /* Issue discard requests on deletions */ dos1xfloppy:1; /* Assume default BPB for DOS 1.x floppies */ }; #define FAT_HASH_BITS 8 #define FAT_HASH_SIZE (1UL << FAT_HASH_BITS) /* * MS-DOS file system in-core superblock data */ struct msdos_sb_info { unsigned short sec_per_clus; /* sectors/cluster */ unsigned short cluster_bits; /* log2(cluster_size) */ unsigned int cluster_size; /* cluster size */ unsigned char fats, fat_bits; /* number of FATs, FAT bits (12,16 or 32) */ unsigned short fat_start; unsigned long fat_length; /* FAT start & length (sec.) */ unsigned long dir_start; unsigned short dir_entries; /* root dir start & entries */ unsigned long data_start; /* first data sector */ unsigned long max_cluster; /* maximum cluster number */ unsigned long root_cluster; /* first cluster of the root directory */ unsigned long fsinfo_sector; /* sector number of FAT32 fsinfo */ struct mutex fat_lock; struct mutex nfs_build_inode_lock; struct mutex s_lock; unsigned int prev_free; /* previously allocated cluster number */ unsigned int free_clusters; /* -1 if undefined */ unsigned int free_clus_valid; /* is free_clusters valid? */ struct fat_mount_options options; struct nls_table *nls_disk; /* Codepage used on disk */ struct nls_table *nls_io; /* Charset used for input and display */ const void *dir_ops; /* Opaque; default directory operations */ int dir_per_block; /* dir entries per block */ int dir_per_block_bits; /* log2(dir_per_block) */ unsigned int vol_id; /*volume ID*/ int fatent_shift; const struct fatent_operations *fatent_ops; struct inode *fat_inode; struct inode *fsinfo_inode; struct ratelimit_state ratelimit; spinlock_t inode_hash_lock; struct hlist_head inode_hashtable[FAT_HASH_SIZE]; spinlock_t dir_hash_lock; struct hlist_head dir_hashtable[FAT_HASH_SIZE]; unsigned int dirty; /* fs state before mount */ struct rcu_head rcu; }; #define FAT_CACHE_VALID 0 /* special case for valid cache */ /* * MS-DOS file system inode data in memory */ struct msdos_inode_info { spinlock_t cache_lru_lock; struct list_head cache_lru; int nr_caches; /* for avoiding the race between fat_free() and fat_get_cluster() */ unsigned int cache_valid_id; /* NOTE: mmu_private is 64bits, so must hold ->i_mutex to access */ loff_t mmu_private; /* physically allocated size */ int i_start; /* first cluster or 0 */ int i_logstart; /* logical first cluster */ int i_attrs; /* unused attribute bits */ loff_t i_pos; /* on-disk position of directory entry or 0 */ struct hlist_node i_fat_hash; /* hash by i_location */ struct hlist_node i_dir_hash; /* hash by i_logstart */ struct rw_semaphore truncate_lock; /* protect bmap against truncate */ struct inode vfs_inode; }; struct fat_slot_info { loff_t i_pos; /* on-disk position of directory entry */ loff_t slot_off; /* offset for slot or de start */ int nr_slots; /* number of slots + 1(de) in filename */ struct msdos_dir_entry *de; struct buffer_head *bh; }; static inline struct msdos_sb_info *MSDOS_SB(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } /* * Functions that determine the variant of the FAT file system (i.e., * whether this is FAT12, FAT16 or FAT32. */ static inline bool is_fat12(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 12; } static inline bool is_fat16(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 16; } static inline bool is_fat32(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi) { return sbi->fat_bits == 32; } /* Maximum number of clusters */ static inline u32 max_fat(struct super_block *sb) { struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb); return is_fat32(sbi) ? MAX_FAT32 : is_fat16(sbi) ? MAX_FAT16 : MAX_FAT12; } static inline struct msdos_inode_info *MSDOS_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct msdos_inode_info, vfs_inode); } /* * If ->i_mode can't hold S_IWUGO (i.e. ATTR_RO), we use ->i_attrs to * save ATTR_RO instead of ->i_mode. * * If it's directory and !sbi->options.rodir, ATTR_RO isn't read-only * bit, it's just used as flag for app. */ static inline int fat_mode_can_hold_ro(struct inode *inode) { struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb); umode_t mask; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { if (!sbi->options.rodir) return 0; mask = ~sbi->options.fs_dmask; } else mask = ~sbi->options.fs_fmask; if (!(mask & S_IWUGO)) return 0; return 1; } /* Convert attribute bits and a mask to the UNIX mode. */ static inline umode_t fat_make_mode(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, u8 attrs, umode_t mode) { if (attrs & ATTR_RO && !((attrs & ATTR_DIR) && !sbi->options.rodir)) mode &= ~S_IWUGO; if (attrs & ATTR_DIR) return (mode & ~sbi->options.fs_dmask) | S_IFDIR; else return (mode & ~sbi->options.fs_fmask) | S_IFREG; } /* Return the FAT attribute byte for this inode */ static inline u8 fat_make_attrs(struct inode *inode) { u8 attrs = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) attrs |= ATTR_DIR; if (fat_mode_can_hold_ro(inode) && !(inode->i_mode & S_IWUGO)) attrs |= ATTR_RO; return attrs; } static inline void fat_save_attrs(struct inode *inode, u8 attrs) { if (fat_mode_can_hold_ro(inode)) MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs = attrs & ATTR_UNUSED; else MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs = attrs & (ATTR_UNUSED | ATTR_RO); } static inline unsigned char fat_checksum(const __u8 *name) { unsigned char s = name[0]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[1]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[2]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[3]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[4]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[5]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[6]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[7]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[8]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[9]; s = (s<<7) + (s>>1) + name[10]; return s; } static inline sector_t fat_clus_to_blknr(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, int clus) { return ((sector_t)clus - FAT_START_ENT) * sbi->sec_per_clus + sbi->data_start; } static inline void fat_get_blknr_offset(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, loff_t i_pos, sector_t *blknr, int *offset) { *blknr = i_pos >> sbi->dir_per_block_bits; *offset = i_pos & (sbi->dir_per_block - 1); } static inline loff_t fat_i_pos_read(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct inode *inode) { loff_t i_pos; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 spin_lock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock); #endif i_pos = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock); #endif return i_pos; } static inline void fat16_towchar(wchar_t *dst, const __u8 *src, size_t len) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN while (len--) { *dst++ = src[0] | (src[1] << 8); src += 2; } #else memcpy(dst, src, len * 2); #endif } static inline int fat_get_start(const struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, const struct msdos_dir_entry *de) { int cluster = le16_to_cpu(de->start); if (is_fat32(sbi)) cluster |= (le16_to_cpu(de->starthi) << 16); return cluster; } static inline void fat_set_start(struct msdos_dir_entry *de, int cluster) { de->start = cpu_to_le16(cluster); de->starthi = cpu_to_le16(cluster >> 16); } static inline void fatwchar_to16(__u8 *dst, const wchar_t *src, size_t len) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN while (len--) { dst[0] = *src & 0x00FF; dst[1] = (*src & 0xFF00) >> 8; dst += 2; src++; } #else memcpy(dst, src, len * 2); #endif } /* fat/cache.c */ extern void fat_cache_inval_inode(struct inode *inode); extern int fat_get_cluster(struct inode *inode, int cluster, int *fclus, int *dclus); extern int fat_get_mapped_cluster(struct inode *inode, sector_t sector, sector_t last_block, unsigned long *mapped_blocks, sector_t *bmap); extern int fat_bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t sector, sector_t *phys, unsigned long *mapped_blocks, int create, bool from_bmap); /* fat/dir.c */ extern const struct file_operations fat_dir_operations; extern int fat_search_long(struct inode *inode, const unsigned char *name, int name_len, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_dir_empty(struct inode *dir); extern int fat_subdirs(struct inode *dir); extern int fat_scan(struct inode *dir, const unsigned char *name, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_scan_logstart(struct inode *dir, int i_logstart, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_get_dotdot_entry(struct inode *dir, struct buffer_head **bh, struct msdos_dir_entry **de); extern int fat_alloc_new_dir(struct inode *dir, struct timespec64 *ts); extern int fat_add_entries(struct inode *dir, void *slots, int nr_slots, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); extern int fat_remove_entries(struct inode *dir, struct fat_slot_info *sinfo); /* fat/fatent.c */ struct fat_entry { int entry; union { u8 *ent12_p[2]; __le16 *ent16_p; __le32 *ent32_p; } u; int nr_bhs; struct buffer_head *bhs[2]; struct inode *fat_inode; }; static inline void fatent_init(struct fat_entry *fatent) { fatent->nr_bhs = 0; fatent->entry = 0; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; fatent->bhs[0] = fatent->bhs[1] = NULL; fatent->fat_inode = NULL; } static inline void fatent_set_entry(struct fat_entry *fatent, int entry) { fatent->entry = entry; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; } static inline void fatent_brelse(struct fat_entry *fatent) { int i; fatent->u.ent32_p = NULL; for (i = 0; i < fatent->nr_bhs; i++) brelse(fatent->bhs[i]); fatent->nr_bhs = 0; fatent->bhs[0] = fatent->bhs[1] = NULL; fatent->fat_inode = NULL; } static inline bool fat_valid_entry(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, int entry) { return FAT_START_ENT <= entry && entry < sbi->max_cluster; } extern void fat_ent_access_init(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_ent_read(struct inode *inode, struct fat_entry *fatent, int entry); extern int fat_ent_write(struct inode *inode, struct fat_entry *fatent, int new, int wait); extern int fat_alloc_clusters(struct inode *inode, int *cluster, int nr_cluster); extern int fat_free_clusters(struct inode *inode, int cluster); extern int fat_count_free_clusters(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_trim_fs(struct inode *inode, struct fstrim_range *range); /* fat/file.c */ extern long fat_generic_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern const struct file_operations fat_file_operations; extern const struct inode_operations fat_file_inode_operations; extern int fat_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr); extern void fat_truncate_blocks(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset); extern int fat_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int flags); extern int fat_file_fsync(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); /* fat/inode.c */ extern int fat_block_truncate_page(struct inode *inode, loff_t from); extern void fat_attach(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_pos); extern void fat_detach(struct inode *inode); extern struct inode *fat_iget(struct super_block *sb, loff_t i_pos); extern struct inode *fat_build_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct msdos_dir_entry *de, loff_t i_pos); extern int fat_sync_inode(struct inode *inode); extern int fat_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent, int isvfat, void (*setup)(struct super_block *)); extern int fat_fill_inode(struct inode *inode, struct msdos_dir_entry *de); extern int fat_flush_inodes(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *i1, struct inode *i2); static inline unsigned long fat_dir_hash(int logstart) { return hash_32(logstart, FAT_HASH_BITS); } extern int fat_add_cluster(struct inode *inode); /* fat/misc.c */ extern __printf(3, 4) __cold void __fat_fs_error(struct super_block *sb, int report, const char *fmt, ...); #define fat_fs_error(sb, fmt, args...) \ __fat_fs_error(sb, 1, fmt , ## args) #define fat_fs_error_ratelimit(sb, fmt, args...) \ __fat_fs_error(sb, __ratelimit(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->ratelimit), fmt , ## args) __printf(3, 4) __cold void fat_msg(struct super_block *sb, const char *level, const char *fmt, ...); #define fat_msg_ratelimit(sb, level, fmt, args...) \ do { \ if (__ratelimit(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->ratelimit)) \ fat_msg(sb, level, fmt, ## args); \ } while (0) extern int fat_clusters_flush(struct super_block *sb); extern int fat_chain_add(struct inode *inode, int new_dclus, int nr_cluster); extern void fat_time_fat2unix(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct timespec64 *ts, __le16 __time, __le16 __date, u8 time_cs); extern void fat_time_unix2fat(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi, struct timespec64 *ts, __le16 *time, __le16 *date, u8 *time_cs); extern int fat_truncate_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *now, int flags); extern int fat_update_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *now, int flags); extern int fat_sync_bhs(struct buffer_head **bhs, int nr_bhs); int fat_cache_init(void); void fat_cache_destroy(void); /* fat/nfs.c */ extern const struct export_operations fat_export_ops; extern const struct export_operations fat_export_ops_nostale; /* helper for printk */ typedef unsigned long long llu; #endif /* !_FAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 #ifndef _LINUX_JHASH_H #define _LINUX_JHASH_H /* jhash.h: Jenkins hash support. * * Copyright (C) 2006. Bob Jenkins (bob_jenkins@burtleburtle.net) * * https://burtleburtle.net/bob/hash/ * * These are the credits from Bob's sources: * * lookup3.c, by Bob Jenkins, May 2006, Public Domain. * * These are functions for producing 32-bit hashes for hash table lookup. * hashword(), hashlittle(), hashlittle2(), hashbig(), mix(), and final() * are externally useful functions. Routines to test the hash are included * if SELF_TEST is defined. You can use this free for any purpose. It's in * the public domain. It has no warranty. * * Copyright (C) 2009-2010 Jozsef Kadlecsik (kadlec@netfilter.org) * * I've modified Bob's hash to be useful in the Linux kernel, and * any bugs present are my fault. * Jozsef */ #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/unaligned/packed_struct.h> /* Best hash sizes are of power of two */ #define jhash_size(n) ((u32)1<<(n)) /* Mask the hash value, i.e (value & jhash_mask(n)) instead of (value % n) */ #define jhash_mask(n) (jhash_size(n)-1) /* __jhash_mix -- mix 3 32-bit values reversibly. */ #define __jhash_mix(a, b, c) \ { \ a -= c; a ^= rol32(c, 4); c += b; \ b -= a; b ^= rol32(a, 6); a += c; \ c -= b; c ^= rol32(b, 8); b += a; \ a -= c; a ^= rol32(c, 16); c += b; \ b -= a; b ^= rol32(a, 19); a += c; \ c -= b; c ^= rol32(b, 4); b += a; \ } /* __jhash_final - final mixing of 3 32-bit values (a,b,c) into c */ #define __jhash_final(a, b, c) \ { \ c ^= b; c -= rol32(b, 14); \ a ^= c; a -= rol32(c, 11); \ b ^= a; b -= rol32(a, 25); \ c ^= b; c -= rol32(b, 16); \ a ^= c; a -= rol32(c, 4); \ b ^= a; b -= rol32(a, 14); \ c ^= b; c -= rol32(b, 24); \ } /* An arbitrary initial parameter */ #define JHASH_INITVAL 0xdeadbeef /* jhash - hash an arbitrary key * @k: sequence of bytes as key * @length: the length of the key * @initval: the previous hash, or an arbitray value * * The generic version, hashes an arbitrary sequence of bytes. * No alignment or length assumptions are made about the input key. * * Returns the hash value of the key. The result depends on endianness. */ static inline u32 jhash(const void *key, u32 length, u32 initval) { u32 a, b, c; const u8 *k = key; /* Set up the internal state */ a = b = c = JHASH_INITVAL + length + initval; /* All but the last block: affect some 32 bits of (a,b,c) */ while (length > 12) { a += __get_unaligned_cpu32(k); b += __get_unaligned_cpu32(k + 4); c += __get_unaligned_cpu32(k + 8); __jhash_mix(a, b, c); length -= 12; k += 12; } /* Last block: affect all 32 bits of (c) */ switch (length) { case 12: c += (u32)k[11]<<24; fallthrough; case 11: c += (u32)k[10]<<16; fallthrough; case 10: c += (u32)k[9]<<8; fallthrough; case 9: c += k[8]; fallthrough; case 8: b += (u32)k[7]<<24; fallthrough; case 7: b += (u32)k[6]<<16; fallthrough; case 6: b += (u32)k[5]<<8; fallthrough; case 5: b += k[4]; fallthrough; case 4: a += (u32)k[3]<<24; fallthrough; case 3: a += (u32)k[2]<<16; fallthrough; case 2: a += (u32)k[1]<<8; fallthrough; case 1: a += k[0]; __jhash_final(a, b, c); break; case 0: /* Nothing left to add */ break; } return c; } /* jhash2 - hash an array of u32's * @k: the key which must be an array of u32's * @length: the number of u32's in the key * @initval: the previous hash, or an arbitray value * * Returns the hash value of the key. */ static inline u32 jhash2(const u32 *k, u32 length, u32 initval) { u32 a, b, c; /* Set up the internal state */ a = b = c = JHASH_INITVAL + (length<<2) + initval; /* Handle most of the key */ while (length > 3) { a += k[0]; b += k[1]; c += k[2]; __jhash_mix(a, b, c); length -= 3; k += 3; } /* Handle the last 3 u32's */ switch (length) { case 3: c += k[2]; fallthrough; case 2: b += k[1]; fallthrough; case 1: a += k[0]; __jhash_final(a, b, c); break; case 0: /* Nothing left to add */ break; } return c; } /* __jhash_nwords - hash exactly 3, 2 or 1 word(s) */ static inline u32 __jhash_nwords(u32 a, u32 b, u32 c, u32 initval) { a += initval; b += initval; c += initval; __jhash_final(a, b, c); return c; } static inline u32 jhash_3words(u32 a, u32 b, u32 c, u32 initval) { return __jhash_nwords(a, b, c, initval + JHASH_INITVAL + (3 << 2)); } static inline u32 jhash_2words(u32 a, u32 b, u32 initval) { return __jhash_nwords(a, b, 0, initval + JHASH_INITVAL + (2 << 2)); } static inline u32 jhash_1word(u32 a, u32 initval) { return __jhash_nwords(a, 0, 0, initval + JHASH_INITVAL + (1 << 2)); } #endif /* _LINUX_JHASH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Fast and scalable bitmaps. * * Copyright (C) 2016 Facebook * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Jens Axboe */ #ifndef __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H #define __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> struct seq_file; /** * struct sbitmap_word - Word in a &struct sbitmap. */ struct sbitmap_word { /** * @depth: Number of bits being used in @word/@cleared */ unsigned long depth; /** * @word: word holding free bits */ unsigned long word ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * @cleared: word holding cleared bits */ unsigned long cleared ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * @swap_lock: Held while swapping word <-> cleared */ spinlock_t swap_lock; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * struct sbitmap - Scalable bitmap. * * A &struct sbitmap is spread over multiple cachelines to avoid ping-pong. This * trades off higher memory usage for better scalability. */ struct sbitmap { /** * @depth: Number of bits used in the whole bitmap. */ unsigned int depth; /** * @shift: log2(number of bits used per word) */ unsigned int shift; /** * @map_nr: Number of words (cachelines) being used for the bitmap. */ unsigned int map_nr; /** * @map: Allocated bitmap. */ struct sbitmap_word *map; }; #define SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES 8 #define SBQ_WAKE_BATCH 8 /** * struct sbq_wait_state - Wait queue in a &struct sbitmap_queue. */ struct sbq_wait_state { /** * @wait_cnt: Number of frees remaining before we wake up. */ atomic_t wait_cnt; /** * @wait: Wait queue. */ wait_queue_head_t wait; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /** * struct sbitmap_queue - Scalable bitmap with the added ability to wait on free * bits. * * A &struct sbitmap_queue uses multiple wait queues and rolling wakeups to * avoid contention on the wait queue spinlock. This ensures that we don't hit a * scalability wall when we run out of free bits and have to start putting tasks * to sleep. */ struct sbitmap_queue { /** * @sb: Scalable bitmap. */ struct sbitmap sb; /* * @alloc_hint: Cache of last successfully allocated or freed bit. * * This is per-cpu, which allows multiple users to stick to different * cachelines until the map is exhausted. */ unsigned int __percpu *alloc_hint; /** * @wake_batch: Number of bits which must be freed before we wake up any * waiters. */ unsigned int wake_batch; /** * @wake_index: Next wait queue in @ws to wake up. */ atomic_t wake_index; /** * @ws: Wait queues. */ struct sbq_wait_state *ws; /* * @ws_active: count of currently active ws waitqueues */ atomic_t ws_active; /** * @round_robin: Allocate bits in strict round-robin order. */ bool round_robin; /** * @min_shallow_depth: The minimum shallow depth which may be passed to * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() or __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(). */ unsigned int min_shallow_depth; }; /** * sbitmap_init_node() - Initialize a &struct sbitmap on a specific memory node. * @sb: Bitmap to initialize. * @depth: Number of bits to allocate. * @shift: Use 2^@shift bits per word in the bitmap; if a negative number if * given, a good default is chosen. * @flags: Allocation flags. * @node: Memory node to allocate on. * * Return: Zero on success or negative errno on failure. */ int sbitmap_init_node(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int depth, int shift, gfp_t flags, int node); /** * sbitmap_free() - Free memory used by a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to free. */ static inline void sbitmap_free(struct sbitmap *sb) { kfree(sb->map); sb->map = NULL; } /** * sbitmap_resize() - Resize a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to resize. * @depth: New number of bits to resize to. * * Doesn't reallocate anything. It's up to the caller to ensure that the new * depth doesn't exceed the depth that the sb was initialized with. */ void sbitmap_resize(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int depth); /** * sbitmap_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to allocate from. * @alloc_hint: Hint for where to start searching for a free bit. * @round_robin: If true, be stricter about allocation order; always allocate * starting from the last allocated bit. This is less efficient * than the default behavior (false). * * This operation provides acquire barrier semantics if it succeeds. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int sbitmap_get(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int alloc_hint, bool round_robin); /** * sbitmap_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct sbitmap, * limiting the depth used from each word. * @sb: Bitmap to allocate from. * @alloc_hint: Hint for where to start searching for a free bit. * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * * This rather specific operation allows for having multiple users with * different allocation limits. E.g., there can be a high-priority class that * uses sbitmap_get() and a low-priority class that uses sbitmap_get_shallow() * with a @shallow_depth of (1 << (@sb->shift - 1)). Then, the low-priority * class can only allocate half of the total bits in the bitmap, preventing it * from starving out the high-priority class. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int sbitmap_get_shallow(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int alloc_hint, unsigned long shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_any_bit_set() - Check for a set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to check. * * Return: true if any bit in the bitmap is set, false otherwise. */ bool sbitmap_any_bit_set(const struct sbitmap *sb); #define SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr) ((bitnr) >> (sb)->shift) #define SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr) ((bitnr) & ((1U << (sb)->shift) - 1U)) typedef bool (*sb_for_each_fn)(struct sbitmap *, unsigned int, void *); /** * __sbitmap_for_each_set() - Iterate over each set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @start: Where to start the iteration. * @sb: Bitmap to iterate over. * @fn: Callback. Should return true to continue or false to break early. * @data: Pointer to pass to callback. * * This is inline even though it's non-trivial so that the function calls to the * callback will hopefully get optimized away. */ static inline void __sbitmap_for_each_set(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int start, sb_for_each_fn fn, void *data) { unsigned int index; unsigned int nr; unsigned int scanned = 0; if (start >= sb->depth) start = 0; index = SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, start); nr = SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, start); while (scanned < sb->depth) { unsigned long word; unsigned int depth = min_t(unsigned int, sb->map[index].depth - nr, sb->depth - scanned); scanned += depth; word = sb->map[index].word & ~sb->map[index].cleared; if (!word) goto next; /* * On the first iteration of the outer loop, we need to add the * bit offset back to the size of the word for find_next_bit(). * On all other iterations, nr is zero, so this is a noop. */ depth += nr; while (1) { nr = find_next_bit(&word, depth, nr); if (nr >= depth) break; if (!fn(sb, (index << sb->shift) + nr, data)) return; nr++; } next: nr = 0; if (++index >= sb->map_nr) index = 0; } } /** * sbitmap_for_each_set() - Iterate over each set bit in a &struct sbitmap. * @sb: Bitmap to iterate over. * @fn: Callback. Should return true to continue or false to break early. * @data: Pointer to pass to callback. */ static inline void sbitmap_for_each_set(struct sbitmap *sb, sb_for_each_fn fn, void *data) { __sbitmap_for_each_set(sb, 0, fn, data); } static inline unsigned long *__sbitmap_word(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { return &sb->map[SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr)].word; } /* Helpers equivalent to the operations in asm/bitops.h and linux/bitmap.h */ static inline void sbitmap_set_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { set_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } static inline void sbitmap_clear_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { clear_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } /* * This one is special, since it doesn't actually clear the bit, rather it * sets the corresponding bit in the ->cleared mask instead. Paired with * the caller doing sbitmap_deferred_clear() if a given index is full, which * will clear the previously freed entries in the corresponding ->word. */ static inline void sbitmap_deferred_clear_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { unsigned long *addr = &sb->map[SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, bitnr)].cleared; set_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), addr); } static inline void sbitmap_clear_bit_unlock(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { clear_bit_unlock(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } static inline int sbitmap_test_bit(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int bitnr) { return test_bit(SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, bitnr), __sbitmap_word(sb, bitnr)); } /** * sbitmap_show() - Dump &struct sbitmap information to a &struct seq_file. * @sb: Bitmap to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The format may change at any time. */ void sbitmap_show(struct sbitmap *sb, struct seq_file *m); /** * sbitmap_bitmap_show() - Write a hex dump of a &struct sbitmap to a &struct * seq_file. * @sb: Bitmap to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The output isn't guaranteed to be internally * consistent. */ void sbitmap_bitmap_show(struct sbitmap *sb, struct seq_file *m); /** * sbitmap_queue_init_node() - Initialize a &struct sbitmap_queue on a specific * memory node. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to initialize. * @depth: See sbitmap_init_node(). * @shift: See sbitmap_init_node(). * @round_robin: See sbitmap_get(). * @flags: Allocation flags. * @node: Memory node to allocate on. * * Return: Zero on success or negative errno on failure. */ int sbitmap_queue_init_node(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int depth, int shift, bool round_robin, gfp_t flags, int node); /** * sbitmap_queue_free() - Free memory used by a &struct sbitmap_queue. * * @sbq: Bitmap queue to free. */ static inline void sbitmap_queue_free(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq) { kfree(sbq->ws); free_percpu(sbq->alloc_hint); sbitmap_free(&sbq->sb); } /** * sbitmap_queue_resize() - Resize a &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to resize. * @depth: New number of bits to resize to. * * Like sbitmap_resize(), this doesn't reallocate anything. It has to do * some extra work on the &struct sbitmap_queue, so it's not safe to just * resize the underlying &struct sbitmap. */ void sbitmap_queue_resize(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int depth); /** * __sbitmap_queue_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue with preemption already disabled. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int __sbitmap_queue_get(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue, limiting the depth used from each word, with preemption * already disabled. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * See sbitmap_get_shallow(). * * If you call this, make sure to call sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() after * initializing @sbq. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ int __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_queue_get() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @cpu: Output parameter; will contain the CPU we ran on (e.g., to be passed to * sbitmap_queue_clear()). * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ static inline int sbitmap_queue_get(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int *cpu) { int nr; *cpu = get_cpu(); nr = __sbitmap_queue_get(sbq); put_cpu(); return nr; } /** * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() - Try to allocate a free bit from a &struct * sbitmap_queue, limiting the depth used from each word. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to allocate from. * @cpu: Output parameter; will contain the CPU we ran on (e.g., to be passed to * sbitmap_queue_clear()). * @shallow_depth: The maximum number of bits to allocate from a single word. * See sbitmap_get_shallow(). * * If you call this, make sure to call sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() after * initializing @sbq. * * Return: Non-negative allocated bit number if successful, -1 otherwise. */ static inline int sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int *cpu, unsigned int shallow_depth) { int nr; *cpu = get_cpu(); nr = __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(sbq, shallow_depth); put_cpu(); return nr; } /** * sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth() - Inform a &struct sbitmap_queue of the * minimum shallow depth that will be used. * @sbq: Bitmap queue in question. * @min_shallow_depth: The minimum shallow depth that will be passed to * sbitmap_queue_get_shallow() or __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(). * * sbitmap_queue_clear() batches wakeups as an optimization. The batch size * depends on the depth of the bitmap. Since the shallow allocation functions * effectively operate with a different depth, the shallow depth must be taken * into account when calculating the batch size. This function must be called * with the minimum shallow depth that will be used. Failure to do so can result * in missed wakeups. */ void sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int min_shallow_depth); /** * sbitmap_queue_clear() - Free an allocated bit and wake up waiters on a * &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap to free from. * @nr: Bit number to free. * @cpu: CPU the bit was allocated on. */ void sbitmap_queue_clear(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int nr, unsigned int cpu); static inline int sbq_index_inc(int index) { return (index + 1) & (SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES - 1); } static inline void sbq_index_atomic_inc(atomic_t *index) { int old = atomic_read(index); int new = sbq_index_inc(old); atomic_cmpxchg(index, old, new); } /** * sbq_wait_ptr() - Get the next wait queue to use for a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wait on. * @wait_index: A counter per "user" of @sbq. */ static inline struct sbq_wait_state *sbq_wait_ptr(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, atomic_t *wait_index) { struct sbq_wait_state *ws; ws = &sbq->ws[atomic_read(wait_index)]; sbq_index_atomic_inc(wait_index); return ws; } /** * sbitmap_queue_wake_all() - Wake up everything waiting on a &struct * sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wake up. */ void sbitmap_queue_wake_all(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * sbitmap_queue_wake_up() - Wake up some of waiters in one waitqueue * on a &struct sbitmap_queue. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to wake up. */ void sbitmap_queue_wake_up(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq); /** * sbitmap_queue_show() - Dump &struct sbitmap_queue information to a &struct * seq_file. * @sbq: Bitmap queue to show. * @m: struct seq_file to write to. * * This is intended for debugging. The format may change at any time. */ void sbitmap_queue_show(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct seq_file *m); struct sbq_wait { struct sbitmap_queue *sbq; /* if set, sbq_wait is accounted */ struct wait_queue_entry wait; }; #define DEFINE_SBQ_WAIT(name) \ struct sbq_wait name = { \ .sbq = NULL, \ .wait = { \ .private = current, \ .func = autoremove_wake_function, \ .entry = LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wait.entry), \ } \ } /* * Wrapper around prepare_to_wait_exclusive(), which maintains some extra * internal state. */ void sbitmap_prepare_to_wait(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait, int state); /* * Must be paired with sbitmap_prepare_to_wait(). */ void sbitmap_finish_wait(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); /* * Wrapper around add_wait_queue(), which maintains some extra internal state */ void sbitmap_add_wait_queue(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); /* * Must be paired with sbitmap_add_wait_queue() */ void sbitmap_del_wait_queue(struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait); #endif /* __LINUX_SCALE_BITMAP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * NUMA memory policies for Linux. * Copyright 2003,2004 Andi Kleen SuSE Labs */ #ifndef _LINUX_MEMPOLICY_H #define _LINUX_MEMPOLICY_H 1 #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <uapi/linux/mempolicy.h> struct mm_struct; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * Describe a memory policy. * * A mempolicy can be either associated with a process or with a VMA. * For VMA related allocations the VMA policy is preferred, otherwise * the process policy is used. Interrupts ignore the memory policy * of the current process. * * Locking policy for interleave: * In process context there is no locking because only the process accesses * its own state. All vma manipulation is somewhat protected by a down_read on * mmap_lock. * * Freeing policy: * Mempolicy objects are reference counted. A mempolicy will be freed when * mpol_put() decrements the reference count to zero. * * Duplicating policy objects: * mpol_dup() allocates a new mempolicy and copies the specified mempolicy * to the new storage. The reference count of the new object is initialized * to 1, representing the caller of mpol_dup(). */ struct mempolicy { atomic_t refcnt; unsigned short mode; /* See MPOL_* above */ unsigned short flags; /* See set_mempolicy() MPOL_F_* above */ union { short preferred_node; /* preferred */ nodemask_t nodes; /* interleave/bind */ /* undefined for default */ } v; union { nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed; /* relative to these nodes */ nodemask_t user_nodemask; /* nodemask passed by user */ } w; }; /* * Support for managing mempolicy data objects (clone, copy, destroy) * The default fast path of a NULL MPOL_DEFAULT policy is always inlined. */ extern void __mpol_put(struct mempolicy *pol); static inline void mpol_put(struct mempolicy *pol) { if (pol) __mpol_put(pol); } /* * Does mempolicy pol need explicit unref after use? * Currently only needed for shared policies. */ static inline int mpol_needs_cond_ref(struct mempolicy *pol) { return (pol && (pol->flags & MPOL_F_SHARED)); } static inline void mpol_cond_put(struct mempolicy *pol) { if (mpol_needs_cond_ref(pol)) __mpol_put(pol); } extern struct mempolicy *__mpol_dup(struct mempolicy *pol); static inline struct mempolicy *mpol_dup(struct mempolicy *pol) { if (pol) pol = __mpol_dup(pol); return pol; } #define vma_policy(vma) ((vma)->vm_policy) static inline void mpol_get(struct mempolicy *pol) { if (pol) atomic_inc(&pol->refcnt); } extern bool __mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b); static inline bool mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b) { if (a == b) return true; return __mpol_equal(a, b); } /* * Tree of shared policies for a shared memory region. * Maintain the policies in a pseudo mm that contains vmas. The vmas * carry the policy. As a special twist the pseudo mm is indexed in pages, not * bytes, so that we can work with shared memory segments bigger than * unsigned long. */ struct sp_node { struct rb_node nd; unsigned long start, end; struct mempolicy *policy; }; struct shared_policy { struct rb_root root; rwlock_t lock; }; int vma_dup_policy(struct vm_area_struct *src, struct vm_area_struct *dst); void mpol_shared_policy_init(struct shared_policy *sp, struct mempolicy *mpol); int mpol_set_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *info, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *new); void mpol_free_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *p); struct mempolicy *mpol_shared_policy_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long idx); struct mempolicy *get_task_policy(struct task_struct *p); struct mempolicy *__get_vma_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); bool vma_policy_mof(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern void numa_default_policy(void); extern void numa_policy_init(void); extern void mpol_rebind_task(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *new); extern void mpol_rebind_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, nodemask_t *new); extern int huge_node(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct mempolicy **mpol, nodemask_t **nodemask); extern bool init_nodemask_of_mempolicy(nodemask_t *mask); extern bool mempolicy_nodemask_intersects(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *mask); extern nodemask_t *policy_nodemask(gfp_t gfp, struct mempolicy *policy); static inline nodemask_t *policy_nodemask_current(gfp_t gfp) { struct mempolicy *mpol = get_task_policy(current); return policy_nodemask(gfp, mpol); } extern unsigned int mempolicy_slab_node(void); extern enum zone_type policy_zone; static inline void check_highest_zone(enum zone_type k) { if (k > policy_zone && k != ZONE_MOVABLE) policy_zone = k; } int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags); #ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS extern int mpol_parse_str(char *str, struct mempolicy **mpol); #endif extern void mpol_to_str(char *buffer, int maxlen, struct mempolicy *pol); /* Check if a vma is migratable */ extern bool vma_migratable(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern int mpol_misplaced(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long); extern void mpol_put_task_policy(struct task_struct *); #else struct mempolicy {}; static inline bool mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b) { return true; } static inline void mpol_put(struct mempolicy *p) { } static inline void mpol_cond_put(struct mempolicy *pol) { } static inline void mpol_get(struct mempolicy *pol) { } struct shared_policy {}; static inline void mpol_shared_policy_init(struct shared_policy *sp, struct mempolicy *mpol) { } static inline void mpol_free_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *p) { } static inline struct mempolicy * mpol_shared_policy_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long idx) { return NULL; } #define vma_policy(vma) NULL static inline int vma_dup_policy(struct vm_area_struct *src, struct vm_area_struct *dst) { return 0; } static inline void numa_policy_init(void) { } static inline void numa_default_policy(void) { } static inline void mpol_rebind_task(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *new) { } static inline void mpol_rebind_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, nodemask_t *new) { } static inline int huge_node(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct mempolicy **mpol, nodemask_t **nodemask) { *mpol = NULL; *nodemask = NULL; return 0; } static inline bool init_nodemask_of_mempolicy(nodemask_t *m) { return false; } static inline int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags) { return 0; } static inline void check_highest_zone(int k) { } #ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS static inline int mpol_parse_str(char *str, struct mempolicy **mpol) { return 1; /* error */ } #endif static inline int mpol_misplaced(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { return -1; /* no node preference */ } static inline void mpol_put_task_policy(struct task_struct *task) { } static inline nodemask_t *policy_nodemask_current(gfp_t gfp) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 OR MIT */ #ifndef __LINUX_OVERFLOW_H #define __LINUX_OVERFLOW_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/limits.h> /* * In the fallback code below, we need to compute the minimum and * maximum values representable in a given type. These macros may also * be useful elsewhere, so we provide them outside the * COMPILER_HAS_GENERIC_BUILTIN_OVERFLOW block. * * It would seem more obvious to do something like * * #define type_min(T) (T)(is_signed_type(T) ? (T)1 << (8*sizeof(T)-1) : 0) * #define type_max(T) (T)(is_signed_type(T) ? ((T)1 << (8*sizeof(T)-1)) - 1 : ~(T)0) * * Unfortunately, the middle expressions, strictly speaking, have * undefined behaviour, and at least some versions of gcc warn about * the type_max expression (but not if -fsanitize=undefined is in * effect; in that case, the warning is deferred to runtime...). * * The slightly excessive casting in type_min is to make sure the * macros also produce sensible values for the exotic type _Bool. [The * overflow checkers only almost work for _Bool, but that's * a-feature-not-a-bug, since people shouldn't be doing arithmetic on * _Bools. Besides, the gcc builtins don't allow _Bool* as third * argument.] * * Idea stolen from * https://mail-index.netbsd.org/tech-misc/2007/02/05/0000.html - * credit to Christian Biere. */ #define is_signed_type(type) (((type)(-1)) < (type)1) #define __type_half_max(type) ((type)1 << (8*sizeof(type) - 1 - is_signed_type(type))) #define type_max(T) ((T)((__type_half_max(T) - 1) + __type_half_max(T))) #define type_min(T) ((T)((T)-type_max(T)-(T)1)) /* * Avoids triggering -Wtype-limits compilation warning, * while using unsigned data types to check a < 0. */ #define is_non_negative(a) ((a) > 0 || (a) == 0) #define is_negative(a) (!(is_non_negative(a))) /* * Allows for effectively applying __must_check to a macro so we can have * both the type-agnostic benefits of the macros while also being able to * enforce that the return value is, in fact, checked. */ static inline bool __must_check __must_check_overflow(bool overflow) { return unlikely(overflow); } #ifdef COMPILER_HAS_GENERIC_BUILTIN_OVERFLOW /* * For simplicity and code hygiene, the fallback code below insists on * a, b and *d having the same type (similar to the min() and max() * macros), whereas gcc's type-generic overflow checkers accept * different types. Hence we don't just make check_add_overflow an * alias for __builtin_add_overflow, but add type checks similar to * below. */ #define check_add_overflow(a, b, d) __must_check_overflow(({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ __builtin_add_overflow(__a, __b, __d); \ })) #define check_sub_overflow(a, b, d) __must_check_overflow(({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ __builtin_sub_overflow(__a, __b, __d); \ })) #define check_mul_overflow(a, b, d) __must_check_overflow(({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ __builtin_mul_overflow(__a, __b, __d); \ })) #else /* Checking for unsigned overflow is relatively easy without causing UB. */ #define __unsigned_add_overflow(a, b, d) ({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ *__d = __a + __b; \ *__d < __a; \ }) #define __unsigned_sub_overflow(a, b, d) ({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ *__d = __a - __b; \ __a < __b; \ }) /* * If one of a or b is a compile-time constant, this avoids a division. */ #define __unsigned_mul_overflow(a, b, d) ({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ *__d = __a * __b; \ __builtin_constant_p(__b) ? \ __b > 0 && __a > type_max(typeof(__a)) / __b : \ __a > 0 && __b > type_max(typeof(__b)) / __a; \ }) /* * For signed types, detecting overflow is much harder, especially if * we want to avoid UB. But the interface of these macros is such that * we must provide a result in *d, and in fact we must produce the * result promised by gcc's builtins, which is simply the possibly * wrapped-around value. Fortunately, we can just formally do the * operations in the widest relevant unsigned type (u64) and then * truncate the result - gcc is smart enough to generate the same code * with and without the (u64) casts. */ /* * Adding two signed integers can overflow only if they have the same * sign, and overflow has happened iff the result has the opposite * sign. */ #define __signed_add_overflow(a, b, d) ({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ *__d = (u64)__a + (u64)__b; \ (((~(__a ^ __b)) & (*__d ^ __a)) \ & type_min(typeof(__a))) != 0; \ }) /* * Subtraction is similar, except that overflow can now happen only * when the signs are opposite. In this case, overflow has happened if * the result has the opposite sign of a. */ #define __signed_sub_overflow(a, b, d) ({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ *__d = (u64)__a - (u64)__b; \ ((((__a ^ __b)) & (*__d ^ __a)) \ & type_min(typeof(__a))) != 0; \ }) /* * Signed multiplication is rather hard. gcc always follows C99, so * division is truncated towards 0. This means that we can write the * overflow check like this: * * (a > 0 && (b > MAX/a || b < MIN/a)) || * (a < -1 && (b > MIN/a || b < MAX/a) || * (a == -1 && b == MIN) * * The redundant casts of -1 are to silence an annoying -Wtype-limits * (included in -Wextra) warning: When the type is u8 or u16, the * __b_c_e in check_mul_overflow obviously selects * __unsigned_mul_overflow, but unfortunately gcc still parses this * code and warns about the limited range of __b. */ #define __signed_mul_overflow(a, b, d) ({ \ typeof(a) __a = (a); \ typeof(b) __b = (b); \ typeof(d) __d = (d); \ typeof(a) __tmax = type_max(typeof(a)); \ typeof(a) __tmin = type_min(typeof(a)); \ (void) (&__a == &__b); \ (void) (&__a == __d); \ *__d = (u64)__a * (u64)__b; \ (__b > 0 && (__a > __tmax/__b || __a < __tmin/__b)) || \ (__b < (typeof(__b))-1 && (__a > __tmin/__b || __a < __tmax/__b)) || \ (__b == (typeof(__b))-1 && __a == __tmin); \ }) #define check_add_overflow(a, b, d) __must_check_overflow( \ __builtin_choose_expr(is_signed_type(typeof(a)), \ __signed_add_overflow(a, b, d), \ __unsigned_add_overflow(a, b, d))) #define check_sub_overflow(a, b, d) __must_check_overflow( \ __builtin_choose_expr(is_signed_type(typeof(a)), \ __signed_sub_overflow(a, b, d), \ __unsigned_sub_overflow(a, b, d))) #define check_mul_overflow(a, b, d) __must_check_overflow( \ __builtin_choose_expr(is_signed_type(typeof(a)), \ __signed_mul_overflow(a, b, d), \ __unsigned_mul_overflow(a, b, d))) #endif /* COMPILER_HAS_GENERIC_BUILTIN_OVERFLOW */ /** check_shl_overflow() - Calculate a left-shifted value and check overflow * * @a: Value to be shifted * @s: How many bits left to shift * @d: Pointer to where to store the result * * Computes *@d = (@a << @s) * * Returns true if '*d' cannot hold the result or when 'a << s' doesn't * make sense. Example conditions: * - 'a << s' causes bits to be lost when stored in *d. * - 's' is garbage (e.g. negative) or so large that the result of * 'a << s' is guaranteed to be 0. * - 'a' is negative. * - 'a << s' sets the sign bit, if any, in '*d'. * * '*d' will hold the results of the attempted shift, but is not * considered "safe for use" if false is returned. */ #define check_shl_overflow(a, s, d) __must_check_overflow(({ \ typeof(a) _a = a; \ typeof(s) _s = s; \ typeof(d) _d = d; \ u64 _a_full = _a; \ unsigned int _to_shift = \ is_non_negative(_s) && _s < 8 * sizeof(*d) ? _s : 0; \ *_d = (_a_full << _to_shift); \ (_to_shift != _s || is_negative(*_d) || is_negative(_a) || \ (*_d >> _to_shift) != _a); \ })) /** * array_size() - Calculate size of 2-dimensional array. * * @a: dimension one * @b: dimension two * * Calculates size of 2-dimensional array: @a * @b. * * Returns: number of bytes needed to represent the array or SIZE_MAX on * overflow. */ static inline __must_check size_t array_size(size_t a, size_t b) { size_t bytes; if (check_mul_overflow(a, b, &bytes)) return SIZE_MAX; return bytes; } /** * array3_size() - Calculate size of 3-dimensional array. * * @a: dimension one * @b: dimension two * @c: dimension three * * Calculates size of 3-dimensional array: @a * @b * @c. * * Returns: number of bytes needed to represent the array or SIZE_MAX on * overflow. */ static inline __must_check size_t array3_size(size_t a, size_t b, size_t c) { size_t bytes; if (check_mul_overflow(a, b, &bytes)) return SIZE_MAX; if (check_mul_overflow(bytes, c, &bytes)) return SIZE_MAX; return bytes; } /* * Compute a*b+c, returning SIZE_MAX on overflow. Internal helper for * struct_size() below. */ static inline __must_check size_t __ab_c_size(size_t a, size_t b, size_t c) { size_t bytes; if (check_mul_overflow(a, b, &bytes)) return SIZE_MAX; if (check_add_overflow(bytes, c, &bytes)) return SIZE_MAX; return bytes; } /** * struct_size() - Calculate size of structure with trailing array. * @p: Pointer to the structure. * @member: Name of the array member. * @count: Number of elements in the array. * * Calculates size of memory needed for structure @p followed by an * array of @count number of @member elements. * * Return: number of bytes needed or SIZE_MAX on overflow. */ #define struct_size(p, member, count) \ __ab_c_size(count, \ sizeof(*(p)->member) + __must_be_array((p)->member),\ sizeof(*(p))) /** * flex_array_size() - Calculate size of a flexible array member * within an enclosing structure. * * @p: Pointer to the structure. * @member: Name of the flexible array member. * @count: Number of elements in the array. * * Calculates size of a flexible array of @count number of @member * elements, at the end of structure @p. * * Return: number of bytes needed or SIZE_MAX on overflow. */ #define flex_array_size(p, member, count) \ array_size(count, \ sizeof(*(p)->member) + __must_be_array((p)->member)) #endif /* __LINUX_OVERFLOW_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SECCOMP_H #define _LINUX_SECCOMP_H #include <uapi/linux/seccomp.h> #define SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_MASK (SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_LOG | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_SPEC_ALLOW | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_NEW_LISTENER | \ SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC_ESRCH) /* sizeof() the first published struct seccomp_notif_addfd */ #define SECCOMP_NOTIFY_ADDFD_SIZE_VER0 24 #define SECCOMP_NOTIFY_ADDFD_SIZE_LATEST SECCOMP_NOTIFY_ADDFD_SIZE_VER0 #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <asm/seccomp.h> struct seccomp_filter; /** * struct seccomp - the state of a seccomp'ed process * * @mode: indicates one of the valid values above for controlled * system calls available to a process. * @filter: must always point to a valid seccomp-filter or NULL as it is * accessed without locking during system call entry. * * @filter must only be accessed from the context of current as there * is no read locking. */ struct seccomp { int mode; atomic_t filter_count; struct seccomp_filter *filter; }; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER extern int __secure_computing(const struct seccomp_data *sd); static inline int secure_computing(void) { if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_SECCOMP))) return __secure_computing(NULL); return 0; } #else extern void secure_computing_strict(int this_syscall); #endif extern long prctl_get_seccomp(void); extern long prctl_set_seccomp(unsigned long, void __user *); static inline int seccomp_mode(struct seccomp *s) { return s->mode; } #else /* CONFIG_SECCOMP */ #include <linux/errno.h> struct seccomp { }; struct seccomp_filter { }; struct seccomp_data; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER static inline int secure_computing(void) { return 0; } static inline int __secure_computing(const struct seccomp_data *sd) { return 0; } #else static inline void secure_computing_strict(int this_syscall) { return; } #endif static inline long prctl_get_seccomp(void) { return -EINVAL; } static inline long prctl_set_seccomp(unsigned long arg2, char __user *arg3) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int seccomp_mode(struct seccomp *s) { return SECCOMP_MODE_DISABLED; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP */ #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER extern void seccomp_filter_release(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void get_seccomp_filter(struct task_struct *tsk); #else /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER */ static inline void seccomp_filter_release(struct task_struct *tsk) { return; } static inline void get_seccomp_filter(struct task_struct *tsk) { return; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER */ #if defined(CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER) && defined(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE) extern long seccomp_get_filter(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long filter_off, void __user *data); extern long seccomp_get_metadata(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long filter_off, void __user *data); #else static inline long seccomp_get_filter(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long n, void __user *data) { return -EINVAL; } static inline long seccomp_get_metadata(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long filter_off, void __user *data) { return -EINVAL; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECCOMP_FILTER && CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE */ #endif /* _LINUX_SECCOMP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Common header file for generic dynamic events. */ #ifndef _TRACE_DYNEVENT_H #define _TRACE_DYNEVENT_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include "trace.h" struct dyn_event; /** * struct dyn_event_operations - Methods for each type of dynamic events * * These methods must be set for each type, since there is no default method. * Before using this for dyn_event_init(), it must be registered by * dyn_event_register(). * * @create: Parse and create event method. This is invoked when user passes * a event definition to dynamic_events interface. This must not destruct * the arguments and return -ECANCELED if given arguments doesn't match its * command prefix. * @show: Showing method. This is invoked when user reads the event definitions * via dynamic_events interface. * @is_busy: Check whether given event is busy so that it can not be deleted. * Return true if it is busy, otherwides false. * @free: Delete the given event. Return 0 if success, otherwides error. * @match: Check whether given event and system name match this event. The argc * and argv is used for exact match. Return true if it matches, otherwides * false. * * Except for @create, these methods are called under holding event_mutex. */ struct dyn_event_operations { struct list_head list; int (*create)(int argc, const char *argv[]); int (*show)(struct seq_file *m, struct dyn_event *ev); bool (*is_busy)(struct dyn_event *ev); int (*free)(struct dyn_event *ev); bool (*match)(const char *system, const char *event, int argc, const char **argv, struct dyn_event *ev); }; /* Register new dyn_event type -- must be called at first */ int dyn_event_register(struct dyn_event_operations *ops); /** * struct dyn_event - Dynamic event list header * * The dyn_event structure encapsulates a list and a pointer to the operators * for making a global list of dynamic events. * User must includes this in each event structure, so that those events can * be added/removed via dynamic_events interface. */ struct dyn_event { struct list_head list; struct dyn_event_operations *ops; }; extern struct list_head dyn_event_list; static inline int dyn_event_init(struct dyn_event *ev, struct dyn_event_operations *ops) { if (!ev || !ops) return -EINVAL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ev->list); ev->ops = ops; return 0; } static inline int dyn_event_add(struct dyn_event *ev) { lockdep_assert_held(&event_mutex); if (!ev || !ev->ops) return -EINVAL; list_add_tail(&ev->list, &dyn_event_list); return 0; } static inline void dyn_event_remove(struct dyn_event *ev) { lockdep_assert_held(&event_mutex); list_del_init(&ev->list); } void *dyn_event_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos); void *dyn_event_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos); void dyn_event_seq_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v); int dyn_events_release_all(struct dyn_event_operations *type); int dyn_event_release(int argc, char **argv, struct dyn_event_operations *type); /* * for_each_dyn_event - iterate over the dyn_event list * @pos: the struct dyn_event * to use as a loop cursor * * This is just a basement of for_each macro. Wrap this for * each actual event structure with ops filtering. */ #define for_each_dyn_event(pos) \ list_for_each_entry(pos, &dyn_event_list, list) /* * for_each_dyn_event - iterate over the dyn_event list safely * @pos: the struct dyn_event * to use as a loop cursor * @n: the struct dyn_event * to use as temporary storage */ #define for_each_dyn_event_safe(pos, n) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, &dyn_event_list, list) extern void dynevent_cmd_init(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, char *buf, int maxlen, enum dynevent_type type, dynevent_create_fn_t run_command); typedef int (*dynevent_check_arg_fn_t)(void *data); struct dynevent_arg { const char *str; char separator; /* e.g. ';', ',', or nothing */ }; extern void dynevent_arg_init(struct dynevent_arg *arg, char separator); extern int dynevent_arg_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, struct dynevent_arg *arg, dynevent_check_arg_fn_t check_arg); struct dynevent_arg_pair { const char *lhs; const char *rhs; char operator; /* e.g. '=' or nothing */ char separator; /* e.g. ';', ',', or nothing */ }; extern void dynevent_arg_pair_init(struct dynevent_arg_pair *arg_pair, char operator, char separator); extern int dynevent_arg_pair_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, struct dynevent_arg_pair *arg_pair, dynevent_check_arg_fn_t check_arg); extern int dynevent_str_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *str); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _linux_POSIX_TIMERS_H #define _linux_POSIX_TIMERS_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/alarmtimer.h> #include <linux/timerqueue.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> struct kernel_siginfo; struct task_struct; /* * Bit fields within a clockid: * * The most significant 29 bits hold either a pid or a file descriptor. * * Bit 2 indicates whether a cpu clock refers to a thread or a process. * * Bits 1 and 0 give the type: PROF=0, VIRT=1, SCHED=2, or FD=3. * * A clockid is invalid if bits 2, 1, and 0 are all set. */ #define CPUCLOCK_PID(clock) ((pid_t) ~((clock) >> 3)) #define CPUCLOCK_PERTHREAD(clock) \ (((clock) & (clockid_t) CPUCLOCK_PERTHREAD_MASK) != 0) #define CPUCLOCK_PERTHREAD_MASK 4 #define CPUCLOCK_WHICH(clock) ((clock) & (clockid_t) CPUCLOCK_CLOCK_MASK) #define CPUCLOCK_CLOCK_MASK 3 #define CPUCLOCK_PROF 0 #define CPUCLOCK_VIRT 1 #define CPUCLOCK_SCHED 2 #define CPUCLOCK_MAX 3 #define CLOCKFD CPUCLOCK_MAX #define CLOCKFD_MASK (CPUCLOCK_PERTHREAD_MASK|CPUCLOCK_CLOCK_MASK) static inline clockid_t make_process_cpuclock(const unsigned int pid, const clockid_t clock) { return ((~pid) << 3) | clock; } static inline clockid_t make_thread_cpuclock(const unsigned int tid, const clockid_t clock) { return make_process_cpuclock(tid, clock | CPUCLOCK_PERTHREAD_MASK); } static inline clockid_t fd_to_clockid(const int fd) { return make_process_cpuclock((unsigned int) fd, CLOCKFD); } static inline int clockid_to_fd(const clockid_t clk) { return ~(clk >> 3); } #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS /** * cpu_timer - Posix CPU timer representation for k_itimer * @node: timerqueue node to queue in the task/sig * @head: timerqueue head on which this timer is queued * @task: Pointer to target task * @elist: List head for the expiry list * @firing: Timer is currently firing */ struct cpu_timer { struct timerqueue_node node; struct timerqueue_head *head; struct pid *pid; struct list_head elist; int firing; }; static inline bool cpu_timer_enqueue(struct timerqueue_head *head, struct cpu_timer *ctmr) { ctmr->head = head; return timerqueue_add(head, &ctmr->node); } static inline void cpu_timer_dequeue(struct cpu_timer *ctmr) { if (ctmr->head) { timerqueue_del(ctmr->head, &ctmr->node); ctmr->head = NULL; } } static inline u64 cpu_timer_getexpires(struct cpu_timer *ctmr) { return ctmr->node.expires; } static inline void cpu_timer_setexpires(struct cpu_timer *ctmr, u64 exp) { ctmr->node.expires = exp; } /** * posix_cputimer_base - Container per posix CPU clock * @nextevt: Earliest-expiration cache * @tqhead: timerqueue head for cpu_timers */ struct posix_cputimer_base { u64 nextevt; struct timerqueue_head tqhead; }; /** * posix_cputimers - Container for posix CPU timer related data * @bases: Base container for posix CPU clocks * @timers_active: Timers are queued. * @expiry_active: Timer expiry is active. Used for * process wide timers to avoid multiple * task trying to handle expiry concurrently * * Used in task_struct and signal_struct */ struct posix_cputimers { struct posix_cputimer_base bases[CPUCLOCK_MAX]; unsigned int timers_active; unsigned int expiry_active; }; /** * posix_cputimers_work - Container for task work based posix CPU timer expiry * @work: The task work to be scheduled * @scheduled: @work has been scheduled already, no further processing */ struct posix_cputimers_work { struct callback_head work; unsigned int scheduled; }; static inline void posix_cputimers_init(struct posix_cputimers *pct) { memset(pct, 0, sizeof(*pct)); pct->bases[0].nextevt = U64_MAX; pct->bases[1].nextevt = U64_MAX; pct->bases[2].nextevt = U64_MAX; } void posix_cputimers_group_init(struct posix_cputimers *pct, u64 cpu_limit); static inline void posix_cputimers_rt_watchdog(struct posix_cputimers *pct, u64 runtime) { pct->bases[CPUCLOCK_SCHED].nextevt = runtime; } /* Init task static initializer */ #define INIT_CPU_TIMERBASE(b) { \ .nextevt = U64_MAX, \ } #define INIT_CPU_TIMERBASES(b) { \ INIT_CPU_TIMERBASE(b[0]), \ INIT_CPU_TIMERBASE(b[1]), \ INIT_CPU_TIMERBASE(b[2]), \ } #define INIT_CPU_TIMERS(s) \ .posix_cputimers = { \ .bases = INIT_CPU_TIMERBASES(s.posix_cputimers.bases), \ }, #else struct posix_cputimers { }; struct cpu_timer { }; #define INIT_CPU_TIMERS(s) static inline void posix_cputimers_init(struct posix_cputimers *pct) { } static inline void posix_cputimers_group_init(struct posix_cputimers *pct, u64 cpu_limit) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_CPU_TIMERS_TASK_WORK void clear_posix_cputimers_work(struct task_struct *p); void posix_cputimers_init_work(void); #else static inline void clear_posix_cputimers_work(struct task_struct *p) { } static inline void posix_cputimers_init_work(void) { } #endif #define REQUEUE_PENDING 1 /** * struct k_itimer - POSIX.1b interval timer structure. * @list: List head for binding the timer to signals->posix_timers * @t_hash: Entry in the posix timer hash table * @it_lock: Lock protecting the timer * @kclock: Pointer to the k_clock struct handling this timer * @it_clock: The posix timer clock id * @it_id: The posix timer id for identifying the timer * @it_active: Marker that timer is active * @it_overrun: The overrun counter for pending signals * @it_overrun_last: The overrun at the time of the last delivered signal * @it_requeue_pending: Indicator that timer waits for being requeued on * signal delivery * @it_sigev_notify: The notify word of sigevent struct for signal delivery * @it_interval: The interval for periodic timers * @it_signal: Pointer to the creators signal struct * @it_pid: The pid of the process/task targeted by the signal * @it_process: The task to wakeup on clock_nanosleep (CPU timers) * @sigq: Pointer to preallocated sigqueue * @it: Union representing the various posix timer type * internals. * @rcu: RCU head for freeing the timer. */ struct k_itimer { struct list_head list; struct hlist_node t_hash; spinlock_t it_lock; const struct k_clock *kclock; clockid_t it_clock; timer_t it_id; int it_active; s64 it_overrun; s64 it_overrun_last; int it_requeue_pending; int it_sigev_notify; ktime_t it_interval; struct signal_struct *it_signal; union { struct pid *it_pid; struct task_struct *it_process; }; struct sigqueue *sigq; union { struct { struct hrtimer timer; } real; struct cpu_timer cpu; struct { struct alarm alarmtimer; } alarm; } it; struct rcu_head rcu; }; void run_posix_cpu_timers(void); void posix_cpu_timers_exit(struct task_struct *task); void posix_cpu_timers_exit_group(struct task_struct *task); void set_process_cpu_timer(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int clock_idx, u64 *newval, u64 *oldval); void update_rlimit_cpu(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long rlim_new); void posixtimer_rearm(struct kernel_siginfo *info); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * descriptor table internals; you almost certainly want file.h instead. */ #ifndef __LINUX_FDTABLE_H #define __LINUX_FDTABLE_H #include <linux/posix_types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/nospec.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> /* * The default fd array needs to be at least BITS_PER_LONG, * as this is the granularity returned by copy_fdset(). */ #define NR_OPEN_DEFAULT BITS_PER_LONG #define NR_OPEN_MAX ~0U struct fdtable { unsigned int max_fds; struct file __rcu **fd; /* current fd array */ unsigned long *close_on_exec; unsigned long *open_fds; unsigned long *full_fds_bits; struct rcu_head rcu; }; static inline bool close_on_exec(unsigned int fd, const struct fdtable *fdt) { return test_bit(fd, fdt->close_on_exec); } static inline bool fd_is_open(unsigned int fd, const struct fdtable *fdt) { return test_bit(fd, fdt->open_fds); } /* * Open file table structure */ struct files_struct { /* * read mostly part */ atomic_t count; bool resize_in_progress; wait_queue_head_t resize_wait; struct fdtable __rcu *fdt; struct fdtable fdtab; /* * written part on a separate cache line in SMP */ spinlock_t file_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; unsigned int next_fd; unsigned long close_on_exec_init[1]; unsigned long open_fds_init[1]; unsigned long full_fds_bits_init[1]; struct file __rcu * fd_array[NR_OPEN_DEFAULT]; }; struct file_operations; struct vfsmount; struct dentry; #define rcu_dereference_check_fdtable(files, fdtfd) \ rcu_dereference_check((fdtfd), lockdep_is_held(&(files)->file_lock)) #define files_fdtable(files) \ rcu_dereference_check_fdtable((files), (files)->fdt) /* * The caller must ensure that fd table isn't shared or hold rcu or file lock */ static inline struct file *__fcheck_files(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd) { struct fdtable *fdt = rcu_dereference_raw(files->fdt); if (fd < fdt->max_fds) { fd = array_index_nospec(fd, fdt->max_fds); return rcu_dereference_raw(fdt->fd[fd]); } return NULL; } static inline struct file *fcheck_files(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held() && !lockdep_is_held(&files->file_lock), "suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage"); return __fcheck_files(files, fd); } /* * Check whether the specified fd has an open file. */ #define fcheck(fd) fcheck_files(current->files, fd) struct task_struct; struct files_struct *get_files_struct(struct task_struct *); void put_files_struct(struct files_struct *fs); void reset_files_struct(struct files_struct *); int unshare_files(struct files_struct **); struct files_struct *dup_fd(struct files_struct *, unsigned, int *) __latent_entropy; void do_close_on_exec(struct files_struct *); int iterate_fd(struct files_struct *, unsigned, int (*)(const void *, struct file *, unsigned), const void *); extern int __alloc_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned start, unsigned end, unsigned flags); extern void __fd_install(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd, struct file *file); extern int __close_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd); extern int __close_range(unsigned int fd, unsigned int max_fd, unsigned int flags); extern int __close_fd_get_file(unsigned int fd, struct file **res); extern int unshare_fd(unsigned long unshare_flags, unsigned int max_fds, struct files_struct **new_fdp); extern struct kmem_cache *files_cachep; #endif /* __LINUX_FDTABLE_H */
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MM_H #define _LINUX_MM_H #include <linux/errno.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/debug_locks.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/mmap_lock.h> #include <linux/range.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/page_ext.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <linux/page_ref.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/sizes.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> struct mempolicy; struct anon_vma; struct anon_vma_chain; struct file_ra_state; struct user_struct; struct writeback_control; struct bdi_writeback; struct pt_regs; extern int sysctl_page_lock_unfairness; void init_mm_internals(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* Don't use mapnrs, do it properly */ extern unsigned long max_mapnr; static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { max_mapnr = limit; } #else static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { } #endif extern atomic_long_t _totalram_pages; static inline unsigned long totalram_pages(void) { return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_inc(void) { atomic_long_inc(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_dec(void) { atomic_long_dec(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_add(long count) { atomic_long_add(count, &_totalram_pages); } extern void * high_memory; extern int page_cluster; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_legacy_va_layout; #else #define sysctl_legacy_va_layout 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_bits __read_mostly; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_compat_bits __read_mostly; #endif #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/processor.h> /* * Architectures that support memory tagging (assigning tags to memory regions, * embedding these tags into addresses that point to these memory regions, and * checking that the memory and the pointer tags match on memory accesses) * redefine this macro to strip tags from pointers. * It's defined as noop for arcitectures that don't support memory tagging. */ #ifndef untagged_addr #define untagged_addr(addr) (addr) #endif #ifndef __pa_symbol #define __pa_symbol(x) __pa(RELOC_HIDE((unsigned long)(x), 0)) #endif #ifndef page_to_virt #define page_to_virt(x) __va(PFN_PHYS(page_to_pfn(x))) #endif #ifndef lm_alias #define lm_alias(x) __va(__pa_symbol(x)) #endif /* * To prevent common memory management code establishing * a zero page mapping on a read fault. * This macro should be defined within <asm/pgtable.h>. * s390 does this to prevent multiplexing of hardware bits * related to the physical page in case of virtualization. */ #ifndef mm_forbids_zeropage #define mm_forbids_zeropage(X) (0) #endif /* * On some architectures it is expensive to call memset() for small sizes. * If an architecture decides to implement their own version of * mm_zero_struct_page they should wrap the defines below in a #ifndef and * define their own version of this macro in <asm/pgtable.h> */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* This function must be updated when the size of struct page grows above 80 * or reduces below 56. The idea that compiler optimizes out switch() * statement, and only leaves move/store instructions. Also the compiler can * combine write statments if they are both assignments and can be reordered, * this can result in several of the writes here being dropped. */ #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) __mm_zero_struct_page(pp) static inline void __mm_zero_struct_page(struct page *page) { unsigned long *_pp = (void *)page; /* Check that struct page is either 56, 64, 72, or 80 bytes */ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) & 7); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) < 56); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) > 80); switch (sizeof(struct page)) { case 80: _pp[9] = 0; fallthrough; case 72: _pp[8] = 0; fallthrough; case 64: _pp[7] = 0; fallthrough; case 56: _pp[6] = 0; _pp[5] = 0; _pp[4] = 0; _pp[3] = 0; _pp[2] = 0; _pp[1] = 0; _pp[0] = 0; } } #else #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) ((void)memset((pp), 0, sizeof(struct page))) #endif /* * Default maximum number of active map areas, this limits the number of vmas * per mm struct. Users can overwrite this number by sysctl but there is a * problem. * * When a program's coredump is generated as ELF format, a section is created * per a vma. In ELF, the number of sections is represented in unsigned short. * This means the number of sections should be smaller than 65535 at coredump. * Because the kernel adds some informative sections to a image of program at * generating coredump, we need some margin. The number of extra sections is * 1-3 now and depends on arch. We use "5" as safe margin, here. * * ELF extended numbering allows more than 65535 sections, so 16-bit bound is * not a hard limit any more. Although some userspace tools can be surprised by * that. */ #define MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN (5) #define DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT (USHRT_MAX - MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN) extern int sysctl_max_map_count; extern unsigned long sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes; extern unsigned long sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes; extern int sysctl_overcommit_memory; extern int sysctl_overcommit_ratio; extern unsigned long sysctl_overcommit_kbytes; int overcommit_ratio_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_kbytes_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_policy_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #define nth_page(page,n) pfn_to_page(page_to_pfn((page)) + (n)) /* to align the pointer to the (next) page boundary */ #define PAGE_ALIGN(addr) ALIGN(addr, PAGE_SIZE) /* test whether an address (unsigned long or pointer) is aligned to PAGE_SIZE */ #define PAGE_ALIGNED(addr) IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)(addr), PAGE_SIZE) #define lru_to_page(head) (list_entry((head)->prev, struct page, lru)) /* * Linux kernel virtual memory manager primitives. * The idea being to have a "virtual" mm in the same way * we have a virtual fs - giving a cleaner interface to the * mm details, and allowing different kinds of memory mappings * (from shared memory to executable loading to arbitrary * mmap() functions). */ struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_alloc(struct mm_struct *); struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_dup(struct vm_area_struct *); void vm_area_free(struct vm_area_struct *); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU extern struct rb_root nommu_region_tree; extern struct rw_semaphore nommu_region_sem; extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp); #endif /* * vm_flags in vm_area_struct, see mm_types.h. * When changing, update also include/trace/events/mmflags.h */ #define VM_NONE 0x00000000 #define VM_READ 0x00000001 /* currently active flags */ #define VM_WRITE 0x00000002 #define VM_EXEC 0x00000004 #define VM_SHARED 0x00000008 /* mprotect() hardcodes VM_MAYREAD >> 4 == VM_READ, and so for r/w/x bits. */ #define VM_MAYREAD 0x00000010 /* limits for mprotect() etc */ #define VM_MAYWRITE 0x00000020 #define VM_MAYEXEC 0x00000040 #define VM_MAYSHARE 0x00000080 #define VM_GROWSDOWN 0x00000100 /* general info on the segment */ #define VM_UFFD_MISSING 0x00000200 /* missing pages tracking */ #define VM_PFNMAP 0x00000400 /* Page-ranges managed without "struct page", just pure PFN */ #define VM_DENYWRITE 0x00000800 /* ETXTBSY on write attempts.. */ #define VM_UFFD_WP 0x00001000 /* wrprotect pages tracking */ #define VM_LOCKED 0x00002000 #define VM_IO 0x00004000 /* Memory mapped I/O or similar */ /* Used by sys_madvise() */ #define VM_SEQ_READ 0x00008000 /* App will access data sequentially */ #define VM_RAND_READ 0x00010000 /* App will not benefit from clustered reads */ #define VM_DONTCOPY 0x00020000 /* Do not copy this vma on fork */ #define VM_DONTEXPAND 0x00040000 /* Cannot expand with mremap() */ #define VM_LOCKONFAULT 0x00080000 /* Lock the pages covered when they are faulted in */ #define VM_ACCOUNT 0x00100000 /* Is a VM accounted object */ #define VM_NORESERVE 0x00200000 /* should the VM suppress accounting */ #define VM_HUGETLB 0x00400000 /* Huge TLB Page VM */ #define VM_SYNC 0x00800000 /* Synchronous page faults */ #define VM_ARCH_1 0x01000000 /* Architecture-specific flag */ #define VM_WIPEONFORK 0x02000000 /* Wipe VMA contents in child. */ #define VM_DONTDUMP 0x04000000 /* Do not include in the core dump */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0x08000000 /* Not soft dirty clean area */ #else # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0 #endif #define VM_MIXEDMAP 0x10000000 /* Can contain "struct page" and pure PFN pages */ #define VM_HUGEPAGE 0x20000000 /* MADV_HUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_NOHUGEPAGE 0x40000000 /* MADV_NOHUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_MERGEABLE 0x80000000 /* KSM may merge identical pages */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 32 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1 33 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2 34 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3 35 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4 36 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4) #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS # define VM_PKEY_SHIFT VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 # define VM_PKEY_BIT0 VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* A protection key is a 4-bit value */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT1 VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* on x86 and 5-bit value on ppc64 */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT2 VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 # define VM_PKEY_BIT3 VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 #ifdef CONFIG_PPC # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 #else # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 0 #endif #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS */ #if defined(CONFIG_X86) # define VM_PAT VM_ARCH_1 /* PAT reserves whole VMA at once (x86) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PPC) # define VM_SAO VM_ARCH_1 /* Strong Access Ordering (powerpc) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PARISC) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_IA64) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_SPARC64) # define VM_SPARC_ADI VM_ARCH_1 /* Uses ADI tag for access control */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_SPARC_ADI #elif defined(CONFIG_ARM64) # define VM_ARM64_BTI VM_ARCH_1 /* BTI guarded page, a.k.a. GP bit */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_ARM64_BTI #elif !defined(CONFIG_MMU) # define VM_MAPPED_COPY VM_ARCH_1 /* T if mapped copy of data (nommu mmap) */ #endif #if defined(CONFIG_ARM64_MTE) # define VM_MTE VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* Use Tagged memory for access control */ # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* Tagged memory permitted */ #else # define VM_MTE VM_NONE # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_NONE #endif #ifndef VM_GROWSUP # define VM_GROWSUP VM_NONE #endif /* Bits set in the VMA until the stack is in its final location */ #define VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP (VM_RAND_READ | VM_SEQ_READ) #define TASK_EXEC ((current->personality & READ_IMPLIES_EXEC) ? VM_EXEC : 0) /* Common data flag combinations */ #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_TSK_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | TASK_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_NON_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_MAYREAD | \ VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #ifndef VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC #endif #ifndef VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSUP #else #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSDOWN #endif #define VM_STACK_FLAGS (VM_STACK | VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_ACCOUNT) /* VMA basic access permission flags */ #define VM_ACCESS_FLAGS (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC) /* * Special vmas that are non-mergable, non-mlock()able. */ #define VM_SPECIAL (VM_IO | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP) /* This mask prevents VMA from being scanned with khugepaged */ #define VM_NO_KHUGEPAGED (VM_SPECIAL | VM_HUGETLB) /* This mask defines which mm->def_flags a process can inherit its parent */ #define VM_INIT_DEF_MASK VM_NOHUGEPAGE /* This mask is used to clear all the VMA flags used by mlock */ #define VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK (~(VM_LOCKED | VM_LOCKONFAULT)) /* Arch-specific flags to clear when updating VM flags on protection change */ #ifndef VM_ARCH_CLEAR # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_NONE #endif #define VM_FLAGS_CLEAR (ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS | VM_ARCH_CLEAR) /* * mapping from the currently active vm_flags protection bits (the * low four bits) to a page protection mask.. */ extern pgprot_t protection_map[16]; /** * Fault flag definitions. * * @FAULT_FLAG_WRITE: Fault was a write fault. * @FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE: Fault was mkwrite of existing PTE. * @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY: Allow to retry the fault if blocked. * @FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT: Don't drop mmap_lock and wait when retrying. * @FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE: The fault task is in SIGKILL killable region. * @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: The fault has been tried once. * @FAULT_FLAG_USER: The fault originated in userspace. * @FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE: The fault is not for current task/mm. * @FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION: The fault was during an instruction fetch. * @FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE: The fault can be interrupted by non-fatal signals. * * About @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY and @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: we can specify * whether we would allow page faults to retry by specifying these two * fault flags correctly. Currently there can be three legal combinations: * * (a) ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * this is the first try * * (b) ALLOW_RETRY and TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * we've already tried at least once * * (c) !ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault does not allow retry * * The unlisted combination (!ALLOW_RETRY && TRIED) is illegal and should never * be used. Note that page faults can be allowed to retry for multiple times, * in which case we'll have an initial fault with flags (a) then later on * continuous faults with flags (b). We should always try to detect pending * signals before a retry to make sure the continuous page faults can still be * interrupted if necessary. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_WRITE 0x01 #define FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE 0x02 #define FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY 0x04 #define FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT 0x08 #define FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE 0x10 #define FAULT_FLAG_TRIED 0x20 #define FAULT_FLAG_USER 0x40 #define FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE 0x80 #define FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION 0x100 #define FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE 0x200 /* * The default fault flags that should be used by most of the * arch-specific page fault handlers. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_DEFAULT (FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | \ FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE | \ FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE) /** * fault_flag_allow_retry_first - check ALLOW_RETRY the first time * * This is mostly used for places where we want to try to avoid taking * the mmap_lock for too long a time when waiting for another condition * to change, in which case we can try to be polite to release the * mmap_lock in the first round to avoid potential starvation of other * processes that would also want the mmap_lock. * * Return: true if the page fault allows retry and this is the first * attempt of the fault handling; false otherwise. */ static inline bool fault_flag_allow_retry_first(unsigned int flags) { return (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) && (!(flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED)); } #define FAULT_FLAG_TRACE \ { FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE, "MKWRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY, "ALLOW_RETRY" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT, "RETRY_NOWAIT" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE, "KILLABLE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_TRIED, "TRIED" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_USER, "USER" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE, "REMOTE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, "INSTRUCTION" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE, "INTERRUPTIBLE" } /* * vm_fault is filled by the pagefault handler and passed to the vma's * ->fault function. The vma's ->fault is responsible for returning a bitmask * of VM_FAULT_xxx flags that give details about how the fault was handled. * * MM layer fills up gfp_mask for page allocations but fault handler might * alter it if its implementation requires a different allocation context. * * pgoff should be used in favour of virtual_address, if possible. */ struct vm_fault { struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* Target VMA */ unsigned int flags; /* FAULT_FLAG_xxx flags */ gfp_t gfp_mask; /* gfp mask to be used for allocations */ pgoff_t pgoff; /* Logical page offset based on vma */ unsigned long address; /* Faulting virtual address */ pmd_t *pmd; /* Pointer to pmd entry matching * the 'address' */ pud_t *pud; /* Pointer to pud entry matching * the 'address' */ pte_t orig_pte; /* Value of PTE at the time of fault */ struct page *cow_page; /* Page handler may use for COW fault */ struct page *page; /* ->fault handlers should return a * page here, unless VM_FAULT_NOPAGE * is set (which is also implied by * VM_FAULT_ERROR). */ /* These three entries are valid only while holding ptl lock */ pte_t *pte; /* Pointer to pte entry matching * the 'address'. NULL if the page * table hasn't been allocated. */ spinlock_t *ptl; /* Page table lock. * Protects pte page table if 'pte' * is not NULL, otherwise pmd. */ pgtable_t prealloc_pte; /* Pre-allocated pte page table. * vm_ops->map_pages() calls * alloc_set_pte() from atomic context. * do_fault_around() pre-allocates * page table to avoid allocation from * atomic context. */ }; /* page entry size for vm->huge_fault() */ enum page_entry_size { PE_SIZE_PTE = 0, PE_SIZE_PMD, PE_SIZE_PUD, }; /* * These are the virtual MM functions - opening of an area, closing and * unmapping it (needed to keep files on disk up-to-date etc), pointer * to the functions called when a no-page or a wp-page exception occurs. */ struct vm_operations_struct { void (*open)(struct vm_area_struct * area); void (*close)(struct vm_area_struct * area); int (*split)(struct vm_area_struct * area, unsigned long addr); int (*mremap)(struct vm_area_struct * area); vm_fault_t (*fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t (*huge_fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf, enum page_entry_size pe_size); void (*map_pages)(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); unsigned long (*pagesize)(struct vm_area_struct * area); /* notification that a previously read-only page is about to become * writable, if an error is returned it will cause a SIGBUS */ vm_fault_t (*page_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* same as page_mkwrite when using VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP */ vm_fault_t (*pfn_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* called by access_process_vm when get_user_pages() fails, typically * for use by special VMAs that can switch between memory and hardware */ int (*access)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); /* Called by the /proc/PID/maps code to ask the vma whether it * has a special name. Returning non-NULL will also cause this * vma to be dumped unconditionally. */ const char *(*name)(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * set_policy() op must add a reference to any non-NULL @new mempolicy * to hold the policy upon return. Caller should pass NULL @new to * remove a policy and fall back to surrounding context--i.e. do not * install a MPOL_DEFAULT policy, nor the task or system default * mempolicy. */ int (*set_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *new); /* * get_policy() op must add reference [mpol_get()] to any policy at * (vma,addr) marked as MPOL_SHARED. The shared policy infrastructure * in mm/mempolicy.c will do this automatically. * get_policy() must NOT add a ref if the policy at (vma,addr) is not * marked as MPOL_SHARED. vma policies are protected by the mmap_lock. * If no [shared/vma] mempolicy exists at the addr, get_policy() op * must return NULL--i.e., do not "fallback" to task or system default * policy. */ struct mempolicy *(*get_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); #endif /* * Called by vm_normal_page() for special PTEs to find the * page for @addr. This is useful if the default behavior * (using pte_page()) would not find the correct page. */ struct page *(*find_special_page)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); }; static inline void vma_init(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm) { static const struct vm_operations_struct dummy_vm_ops = {}; memset(vma, 0, sizeof(*vma)); vma->vm_mm = mm; vma->vm_ops = &dummy_vm_ops; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vma->anon_vma_chain); } static inline void vma_set_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_ops = NULL; } static inline bool vma_is_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !vma->vm_ops; } static inline bool vma_is_temporary_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { int maybe_stack = vma->vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN | VM_GROWSUP); if (!maybe_stack) return false; if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) == VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_foreign(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (!current->mm) return true; if (current->mm != vma->vm_mm) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_accessible(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCESS_FLAGS; } #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM /* * The vma_is_shmem is not inline because it is used only by slow * paths in userfault. */ bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } #endif int vma_is_stack_for_current(struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* flush_tlb_range() takes a vma, not a mm, and can care about flags */ #define TLB_FLUSH_VMA(mm,flags) { .vm_mm = (mm), .vm_flags = (flags) } struct mmu_gather; struct inode; #include <linux/huge_mm.h> /* * Methods to modify the page usage count. * * What counts for a page usage: * - cache mapping (page->mapping) * - private data (page->private) * - page mapped in a task's page tables, each mapping * is counted separately * * Also, many kernel routines increase the page count before a critical * routine so they can be sure the page doesn't go away from under them. */ /* * Drop a ref, return true if the refcount fell to zero (the page has no users) */ static inline int put_page_testzero(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page) == 0, page); return page_ref_dec_and_test(page); } /* * Try to grab a ref unless the page has a refcount of zero, return false if * that is the case. * This can be called when MMU is off so it must not access * any of the virtual mappings. */ static inline int get_page_unless_zero(struct page *page) { return page_ref_add_unless(page, 1, 0); } extern int page_is_ram(unsigned long pfn); enum { REGION_INTERSECTS, REGION_DISJOINT, REGION_MIXED, }; int region_intersects(resource_size_t offset, size_t size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long desc); /* Support for virtually mapped pages */ struct page *vmalloc_to_page(const void *addr); unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *addr); /* * Determine if an address is within the vmalloc range * * On nommu, vmalloc/vfree wrap through kmalloc/kfree directly, so there * is no special casing required. */ #ifndef is_ioremap_addr #define is_ioremap_addr(x) is_vmalloc_addr(x) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x); extern int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x); #else static inline bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x) { return false; } static inline int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x) { return 0; } #endif extern void *kvmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node); static inline void *kvmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags, NUMA_NO_NODE); } static inline void *kvzalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node); } static inline void *kvzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } static inline void *kvmalloc_array(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; return kvmalloc(bytes, flags); } static inline void *kvcalloc(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_array(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } extern void kvfree(const void *addr); extern void kvfree_sensitive(const void *addr, size_t len); static inline int head_compound_mapcount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(head)) + 1; } /* * Mapcount of compound page as a whole, does not include mapped sub-pages. * * Must be called only for compound pages or any their tail sub-pages. */ static inline int compound_mapcount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageCompound(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_mapcount(page); } /* * The atomic page->_mapcount, starts from -1: so that transitions * both from it and to it can be tracked, using atomic_inc_and_test * and atomic_add_negative(-1). */ static inline void page_mapcount_reset(struct page *page) { atomic_set(&(page)->_mapcount, -1); } int __page_mapcount(struct page *page); /* * Mapcount of 0-order page; when compound sub-page, includes * compound_mapcount(). * * Result is undefined for pages which cannot be mapped into userspace. * For example SLAB or special types of pages. See function page_has_type(). * They use this place in struct page differently. */ static inline int page_mapcount(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageCompound(page))) return __page_mapcount(page); return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) + 1; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE int total_mapcount(struct page *page); int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount); #else static inline int total_mapcount(struct page *page) { return page_mapcount(page); } static inline int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount) { int mapcount = page_mapcount(page); if (total_mapcount) *total_mapcount = mapcount; return mapcount; } #endif static inline struct page *virt_to_head_page(const void *x) { struct page *page = virt_to_page(x); return compound_head(page); } void __put_page(struct page *page); void put_pages_list(struct list_head *pages); void split_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); /* * Compound pages have a destructor function. Provide a * prototype for that function and accessor functions. * These are _only_ valid on the head of a compound page. */ typedef void compound_page_dtor(struct page *); /* Keep the enum in sync with compound_page_dtors array in mm/page_alloc.c */ enum compound_dtor_id { NULL_COMPOUND_DTOR, COMPOUND_PAGE_DTOR, #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE HUGETLB_PAGE_DTOR, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE TRANSHUGE_PAGE_DTOR, #endif NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, }; extern compound_page_dtor * const compound_page_dtors[NR_COMPOUND_DTORS]; static inline void set_compound_page_dtor(struct page *page, enum compound_dtor_id compound_dtor) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); page[1].compound_dtor = compound_dtor; } static inline void destroy_compound_page(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page[1].compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); compound_page_dtors[page[1].compound_dtor](page); } static inline unsigned int compound_order(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 0; return page[1].compound_order; } static inline bool hpage_pincount_available(struct page *page) { /* * Can the page->hpage_pinned_refcount field be used? That field is in * the 3rd page of the compound page, so the smallest (2-page) compound * pages cannot support it. */ page = compound_head(page); return PageCompound(page) && compound_order(page) > 1; } static inline int head_compound_pincount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_pincount_ptr(head)); } static inline int compound_pincount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!hpage_pincount_available(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_pincount(page); } static inline void set_compound_order(struct page *page, unsigned int order) { page[1].compound_order = order; page[1].compound_nr = 1U << order; } /* Returns the number of pages in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long compound_nr(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 1; return page[1].compound_nr; } /* Returns the number of bytes in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long page_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page); } /* Returns the number of bits needed for the number of bytes in a page */ static inline unsigned int page_shift(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SHIFT + compound_order(page); } void free_compound_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * Do pte_mkwrite, but only if the vma says VM_WRITE. We do this when * servicing faults for write access. In the normal case, do always want * pte_mkwrite. But get_user_pages can cause write faults for mappings * that do not have writing enabled, when used by access_process_vm. */ static inline pte_t maybe_mkwrite(pte_t pte, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (likely(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); return pte; } vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page); vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); #endif /* * Multiple processes may "see" the same page. E.g. for untouched * mappings of /dev/null, all processes see the same page full of * zeroes, and text pages of executables and shared libraries have * only one copy in memory, at most, normally. * * For the non-reserved pages, page_count(page) denotes a reference count. * page_count() == 0 means the page is free. page->lru is then used for * freelist management in the buddy allocator. * page_count() > 0 means the page has been allocated. * * Pages are allocated by the slab allocator in order to provide memory * to kmalloc and kmem_cache_alloc. In this case, the management of the * page, and the fields in 'struct page' are the responsibility of mm/slab.c * unless a particular usage is carefully commented. (the responsibility of * freeing the kmalloc memory is the caller's, of course). * * A page may be used by anyone else who does a __get_free_page(). * In this case, page_count still tracks the references, and should only * be used through the normal accessor functions. The top bits of page->flags * and page->virtual store page management information, but all other fields * are unused and could be used privately, carefully. The management of this * page is the responsibility of the one who allocated it, and those who have * subsequently been given references to it. * * The other pages (we may call them "pagecache pages") are completely * managed by the Linux memory manager: I/O, buffers, swapping etc. * The following discussion applies only to them. * * A pagecache page contains an opaque `private' member, which belongs to the * page's address_space. Usually, this is the address of a circular list of * the page's disk buffers. PG_private must be set to tell the VM to call * into the filesystem to release these pages. * * A page may belong to an inode's memory mapping. In this case, page->mapping * is the pointer to the inode, and page->index is the file offset of the page, * in units of PAGE_SIZE. * * If pagecache pages are not associated with an inode, they are said to be * anonymous pages. These may become associated with the swapcache, and in that * case PG_swapcache is set, and page->private is an offset into the swapcache. * * In either case (swapcache or inode backed), the pagecache itself holds one * reference to the page. Setting PG_private should also increment the * refcount. The each user mapping also has a reference to the page. * * The pagecache pages are stored in a per-mapping radix tree, which is * rooted at mapping->i_pages, and indexed by offset. * Where 2.4 and early 2.6 kernels kept dirty/clean pages in per-address_space * lists, we instead now tag pages as dirty/writeback in the radix tree. * * All pagecache pages may be subject to I/O: * - inode pages may need to be read from disk, * - inode pages which have been modified and are MAP_SHARED may need * to be written back to the inode on disk, * - anonymous pages (including MAP_PRIVATE file mappings) which have been * modified may need to be swapped out to swap space and (later) to be read * back into memory. */ /* * The zone field is never updated after free_area_init_core() * sets it, so none of the operations on it need to be atomic. */ /* Page flags: | [SECTION] | [NODE] | ZONE | [LAST_CPUPID] | ... | FLAGS | */ #define SECTIONS_PGOFF ((sizeof(unsigned long)*8) - SECTIONS_WIDTH) #define NODES_PGOFF (SECTIONS_PGOFF - NODES_WIDTH) #define ZONES_PGOFF (NODES_PGOFF - ZONES_WIDTH) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF (ZONES_PGOFF - LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH) #define KASAN_TAG_PGOFF (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) /* * Define the bit shifts to access each section. For non-existent * sections we define the shift as 0; that plus a 0 mask ensures * the compiler will optimise away reference to them. */ #define SECTIONS_PGSHIFT (SECTIONS_PGOFF * (SECTIONS_WIDTH != 0)) #define NODES_PGSHIFT (NODES_PGOFF * (NODES_WIDTH != 0)) #define ZONES_PGSHIFT (ZONES_PGOFF * (ZONES_WIDTH != 0)) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF * (LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH != 0)) #define KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT (KASAN_TAG_PGOFF * (KASAN_TAG_WIDTH != 0)) /* NODE:ZONE or SECTION:ZONE is used to ID a zone for the buddy allocator */ #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #define ZONEID_SHIFT (SECTIONS_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((SECTIONS_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ SECTIONS_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #else #define ZONEID_SHIFT (NODES_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((NODES_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ NODES_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #endif #define ZONEID_PGSHIFT (ZONEID_PGOFF * (ZONEID_SHIFT != 0)) #define ZONES_MASK ((1UL << ZONES_WIDTH) - 1) #define NODES_MASK ((1UL << NODES_WIDTH) - 1) #define SECTIONS_MASK ((1UL << SECTIONS_WIDTH) - 1) #define LAST_CPUPID_MASK ((1UL << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1) #define KASAN_TAG_MASK ((1UL << KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) - 1) #define ZONEID_MASK ((1UL << ZONEID_SHIFT) - 1) static inline enum zone_type page_zonenum(const struct page *page) { ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS(page->flags, ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); return (page->flags >> ZONES_PGSHIFT) & ZONES_MASK; } #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return page_zonenum(page) == ZONE_DEVICE; } extern void memmap_init_zone_device(struct zone *, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct dev_pagemap *); #else static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS void free_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(devmap_managed_key); static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&devmap_managed_key)) return false; if (!is_zone_device_page(page)) return false; switch (page->pgmap->type) { case MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE: case MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX: return true; default: break; } return false; } void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); #else /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool is_device_private_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE; } static inline bool is_pci_p2pdma_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PCI_P2PDMA) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA; } /* 127: arbitrary random number, small enough to assemble well */ #define page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page) \ ((unsigned int) page_ref_count(page) + 127u <= 127u) static inline void get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * Getting a normal page or the head of a compound page * requires to already have an elevated page->_refcount. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page), page); page_ref_inc(page); } bool __must_check try_grab_page(struct page *page, unsigned int flags); static inline __must_check bool try_get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(page_ref_count(page) <= 0)) return false; page_ref_inc(page); return true; } static inline void put_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * For devmap managed pages we need to catch refcount transition from * 2 to 1, when refcount reach one it means the page is free and we * need to inform the device driver through callback. See * include/linux/memremap.h and HMM for details. */ if (page_is_devmap_managed(page)) { put_devmap_managed_page(page); return; } if (put_page_testzero(page)) __put_page(page); } /* * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS, and the associated functions that use it, overload * the page's refcount so that two separate items are tracked: the original page * reference count, and also a new count of how many pin_user_pages() calls were * made against the page. ("gup-pinned" is another term for the latter). * * With this scheme, pin_user_pages() becomes special: such pages are marked as * distinct from normal pages. As such, the unpin_user_page() call (and its * variants) must be used in order to release gup-pinned pages. * * Choice of value: * * By making GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS a power of two, debugging of page reference * counts with respect to pin_user_pages() and unpin_user_page() becomes * simpler, due to the fact that adding an even power of two to the page * refcount has the effect of using only the upper N bits, for the code that * counts up using the bias value. This means that the lower bits are left for * the exclusive use of the original code that increments and decrements by one * (or at least, by much smaller values than the bias value). * * Of course, once the lower bits overflow into the upper bits (and this is * OK, because subtraction recovers the original values), then visual inspection * no longer suffices to directly view the separate counts. However, for normal * applications that don't have huge page reference counts, this won't be an * issue. * * Locking: the lockless algorithm described in page_cache_get_speculative() * and page_cache_gup_pin_speculative() provides safe operation for * get_user_pages and page_mkclean and other calls that race to set up page * table entries. */ #define GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS (1U << 10) void unpin_user_page(struct page *page); void unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages, bool make_dirty); void unpin_user_pages(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages); /** * page_maybe_dma_pinned() - report if a page is pinned for DMA. * * This function checks if a page has been pinned via a call to * pin_user_pages*(). * * For non-huge pages, the return value is partially fuzzy: false is not fuzzy, * because it means "definitely not pinned for DMA", but true means "probably * pinned for DMA, but possibly a false positive due to having at least * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS worth of normal page references". * * False positives are OK, because: a) it's unlikely for a page to get that many * refcounts, and b) all the callers of this routine are expected to be able to * deal gracefully with a false positive. * * For huge pages, the result will be exactly correct. That's because we have * more tracking data available: the 3rd struct page in the compound page is * used to track the pincount (instead using of the GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS * scheme). * * For more information, please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst. * * @page: pointer to page to be queried. * @Return: True, if it is likely that the page has been "dma-pinned". * False, if the page is definitely not dma-pinned. */ static inline bool page_maybe_dma_pinned(struct page *page) { if (hpage_pincount_available(page)) return compound_pincount(page) > 0; /* * page_ref_count() is signed. If that refcount overflows, then * page_ref_count() returns a negative value, and callers will avoid * further incrementing the refcount. * * Here, for that overflow case, use the signed bit to count a little * bit higher via unsigned math, and thus still get an accurate result. */ return ((unsigned int)page_ref_count(compound_head(page))) >= GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS; } #if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) && !defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP) #define SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #endif /* * The identification function is mainly used by the buddy allocator for * determining if two pages could be buddies. We are not really identifying * the zone since we could be using the section number id if we do not have * node id available in page flags. * We only guarantee that it will return the same value for two combinable * pages in a zone. */ static inline int page_zone_id(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> ZONEID_PGSHIFT) & ZONEID_MASK; } #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS extern int page_to_nid(const struct page *page); #else static inline int page_to_nid(const struct page *page) { struct page *p = (struct page *)page; return (PF_POISONED_CHECK(p)->flags >> NODES_PGSHIFT) & NODES_MASK; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int cpu, int pid) { return ((cpu & LAST__CPU_MASK) << LAST__PID_SHIFT) | (pid & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return cpupid & LAST__PID_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return (cpupid >> LAST__PID_SHIFT) & LAST__CPU_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return cpu_to_node(cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid)); } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_pid(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline bool cpupid_cpu_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__CPU_MASK); } static inline bool __cpupid_match_pid(pid_t task_pid, int cpupid) { return (task_pid & LAST__PID_MASK) == cpupid_to_pid(cpupid); } #define cpupid_match_pid(task, cpupid) __cpupid_match_pid(task->pid, cpupid) #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return xchg(&page->_last_cpupid, cpupid & LAST_CPUPID_MASK); } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page->_last_cpupid; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->_last_cpupid = -1 & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } #else static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT) & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } extern int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid); static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->flags |= LAST_CPUPID_MASK << LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT; } #endif /* LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS */ #else /* !CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int nid, int pid) { return -1; } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return true; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { } static inline bool cpupid_match_pid(struct task_struct *task, int cpupid) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS /* * KASAN per-page tags are stored xor'ed with 0xff. This allows to avoid * setting tags for all pages to native kernel tag value 0xff, as the default * value 0x00 maps to 0xff. */ static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { u8 tag; tag = (page->flags >> KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT) & KASAN_TAG_MASK; tag ^= 0xff; return tag; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { tag ^= 0xff; page->flags &= ~(KASAN_TAG_MASK << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (tag & KASAN_TAG_MASK) << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { page_kasan_tag_set(page, 0xff); } #else static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { return 0xff; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { } #endif static inline struct zone *page_zone(const struct page *page) { return &NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page))->node_zones[page_zonenum(page)]; } static inline pg_data_t *page_pgdat(const struct page *page) { return NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page)); } #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline void set_page_section(struct page *page, unsigned long section) { page->flags &= ~(SECTIONS_MASK << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (section & SECTIONS_MASK) << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT; } static inline unsigned long page_to_section(const struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> SECTIONS_PGSHIFT) & SECTIONS_MASK; } #endif static inline void set_page_zone(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone) { page->flags &= ~(ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (zone & ZONES_MASK) << ZONES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_node(struct page *page, unsigned long node) { page->flags &= ~(NODES_MASK << NODES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (node & NODES_MASK) << NODES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_links(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone, unsigned long node, unsigned long pfn) { set_page_zone(page, zone); set_page_node(page, node); #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS set_page_section(page, pfn_to_section_nr(pfn)); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return page->mem_cgroup; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return READ_ONCE(page->mem_cgroup); } #else static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return NULL; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return NULL; } #endif /* * Some inline functions in vmstat.h depend on page_zone() */ #include <linux/vmstat.h> static __always_inline void *lowmem_page_address(const struct page *page) { return page_to_virt(page); } #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL #endif #if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) static inline void *page_address(const struct page *page) { return page->virtual; } static inline void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *address) { page->virtual = address; } #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif #if defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) void *page_address(const struct page *page); void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *virtual); void page_address_init(void); #endif #if !defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define page_address(page) lowmem_page_address(page) #define set_page_address(page, address) do { } while(0) #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif extern void *page_rmapping(struct page *page); extern struct anon_vma *page_anon_vma(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *__page_file_mapping(struct page *); static inline struct address_space *page_file_mapping(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_mapping(page); return page->mapping; } extern pgoff_t __page_file_index(struct page *page); /* * Return the pagecache index of the passed page. Regular pagecache pages * use ->index whereas swapcache pages use swp_offset(->private) */ static inline pgoff_t page_index(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_index(page); return page->index; } bool page_mapped(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping_file(struct page *page); /* * Return true only if the page has been allocated with * ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS and the low watermark was not * met implying that the system is under some pressure. */ static inline bool page_is_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { /* * Page index cannot be this large so this must be * a pfmemalloc page. */ return page->index == -1UL; } /* * Only to be called by the page allocator on a freshly allocated * page. */ static inline void set_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = -1UL; } static inline void clear_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = 0; } /* * Can be called by the pagefault handler when it gets a VM_FAULT_OOM. */ extern void pagefault_out_of_memory(void); #define offset_in_page(p) ((unsigned long)(p) & ~PAGE_MASK) #define offset_in_thp(page, p) ((unsigned long)(p) & (thp_size(page) - 1)) /* * Flags passed to show_mem() and show_free_areas() to suppress output in * various contexts. */ #define SHOW_MEM_FILTER_NODES (0x0001u) /* disallowed nodes */ extern void show_free_areas(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool can_do_mlock(void); #else static inline bool can_do_mlock(void) { return false; } #endif extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, struct user_struct *); extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, struct user_struct *); /* * Parameter block passed down to zap_pte_range in exceptional cases. */ struct zap_details { struct address_space *check_mapping; /* Check page->mapping if set */ pgoff_t first_index; /* Lowest page->index to unmap */ pgoff_t last_index; /* Highest page->index to unmap */ struct page *single_page; /* Locked page to be unmapped */ }; struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte); struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd); void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); struct mmu_notifier_range; void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling); int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn); int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys); int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); extern void truncate_pagecache(struct inode *inode, loff_t new); extern void truncate_setsize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize); void pagecache_isize_extended(struct inode *inode, loff_t from, loff_t to); void truncate_pagecache_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t end); int truncate_inode_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int generic_error_remove_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int invalidate_inode_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked); void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page); void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows); void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows); #else static inline vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } static inline int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return -EFAULT; } static inline void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { } #endif static inline void unmap_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen) { unmap_mapping_range(mapping, holebegin, holelen, 0); } extern int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); long get_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long get_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long pin_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long get_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long get_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); long pin_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc); int __account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc, struct task_struct *task, bool bypass_rlim); /* Container for pinned pfns / pages */ struct frame_vector { unsigned int nr_allocated; /* Number of frames we have space for */ unsigned int nr_frames; /* Number of frames stored in ptrs array */ bool got_ref; /* Did we pin pages by getting page ref? */ bool is_pfns; /* Does array contain pages or pfns? */ void *ptrs[]; /* Array of pinned pfns / pages. Use * pfns_vector_pages() or pfns_vector_pfns() * for access */ }; struct frame_vector *frame_vector_create(unsigned int nr_frames); void frame_vector_destroy(struct frame_vector *vec); int get_vaddr_frames(unsigned long start, unsigned int nr_pfns, unsigned int gup_flags, struct frame_vector *vec); void put_vaddr_frames(struct frame_vector *vec); int frame_vector_to_pages(struct frame_vector *vec); void frame_vector_to_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec); static inline unsigned int frame_vector_count(struct frame_vector *vec) { return vec->nr_frames; } static inline struct page **frame_vector_pages(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (vec->is_pfns) { int err = frame_vector_to_pages(vec); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); } return (struct page **)(vec->ptrs); } static inline unsigned long *frame_vector_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (!vec->is_pfns) frame_vector_to_pfns(vec); return (unsigned long *)(vec->ptrs); } struct kvec; int get_kernel_pages(const struct kvec *iov, int nr_pages, int write, struct page **pages); int get_kernel_page(unsigned long start, int write, struct page **pages); struct page *get_dump_page(unsigned long addr); extern int try_to_release_page(struct page * page, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void do_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); void __set_page_dirty(struct page *, struct address_space *, int warn); int __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(struct page *page); int __set_page_dirty_no_writeback(struct page *page); int redirty_page_for_writepage(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct page *page); void account_page_dirtied(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping); void account_page_cleaned(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, struct bdi_writeback *wb); int set_page_dirty(struct page *page); int set_page_dirty_lock(struct page *page); void __cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page); static inline void cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page) { /* Avoid atomic ops, locking, etc. when not actually needed. */ if (PageDirty(page)) __cancel_dirty_page(page); } int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page); int get_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer, int buflen); extern unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma, unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long len, bool need_rmap_locks); /* * Flags used by change_protection(). For now we make it a bitmap so * that we can pass in multiple flags just like parameters. However * for now all the callers are only use one of the flags at the same * time. */ /* Whether we should allow dirty bit accounting */ #define MM_CP_DIRTY_ACCT (1UL << 0) /* Whether this protection change is for NUMA hints */ #define MM_CP_PROT_NUMA (1UL << 1) /* Whether this change is for write protecting */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP (1UL << 2) /* do wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE (1UL << 3) /* Resolve wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_ALL (MM_CP_UFFD_WP | \ MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE) extern unsigned long change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); extern int mprotect_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **pprev, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long newflags); /* * doesn't attempt to fault and will return short. */ int get_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); static inline bool get_user_page_fast_only(unsigned long addr, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pagep) { return get_user_pages_fast_only(addr, 1, gup_flags, pagep) == 1; } /* * per-process(per-mm_struct) statistics. */ static inline unsigned long get_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long val = atomic_long_read(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); #ifdef SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING /* * counter is updated in asynchronous manner and may go to minus. * But it's never be expected number for users. */ if (val < 0) val = 0; #endif return (unsigned long)val; } void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count); static inline void add_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long value) { long count = atomic_long_add_return(value, &mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void inc_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_inc_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } static inline void dec_mm_counter(struct mm_struct *mm, int member) { long count = atomic_long_dec_return(&mm->rss_stat.count[member]); mm_trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } /* Optimized variant when page is already known not to be PageAnon */ static inline int mm_counter_file(struct page *page) { if (PageSwapBacked(page)) return MM_SHMEMPAGES; return MM_FILEPAGES; } static inline int mm_counter(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page)) return MM_ANONPAGES; return mm_counter_file(page); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return get_mm_counter(mm, MM_FILEPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES) + get_mm_counter(mm, MM_SHMEMPAGES); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_rss, get_mm_rss(mm)); } static inline unsigned long get_mm_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return max(mm->hiwater_vm, mm->total_vm); } static inline void update_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long _rss = get_mm_rss(mm); if ((mm)->hiwater_rss < _rss) (mm)->hiwater_rss = _rss; } static inline void update_hiwater_vm(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm->hiwater_vm < mm->total_vm) mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm; } static inline void reset_mm_hiwater_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->hiwater_rss = get_mm_rss(mm); } static inline void setmax_mm_hiwater_rss(unsigned long *maxrss, struct mm_struct *mm) { unsigned long hiwater_rss = get_mm_hiwater_rss(mm); if (*maxrss < hiwater_rss) *maxrss = hiwater_rss; } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL static inline int pte_special(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_mkspecial(pte_t pte) { return pte; } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pte_devmap(pte_t pte) { return 0; } #endif int vma_wants_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t vm_page_prot); extern pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl); static inline pte_t *get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pte_t *ptep; __cond_lock(*ptl, ptep = __get_locked_pte(mm, addr, ptl)); return ptep; } #ifdef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED static inline int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return 0; } #else int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address); #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pud_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #if defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #else int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address); static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (mm_pmd_folded(mm)) return; atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_set(&mm->pgtables_bytes, 0); } static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return atomic_long_read(&mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(pte_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes); } #else static inline void mm_pgtables_bytes_init(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline unsigned long mm_pgtables_bytes(const struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } static inline void mm_inc_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} static inline void mm_dec_nr_ptes(struct mm_struct *mm) {} #endif int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd); int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd); #if defined(CONFIG_MMU) static inline p4d_t *p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pgd_none(*pgd)) && __p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address)) ? NULL : p4d_offset(pgd, address); } static inline pud_t *pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(p4d_none(*p4d)) && __pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address)) ? NULL : pud_offset(p4d, address); } static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return (unlikely(pud_none(*pud)) && __pmd_alloc(mm, pud, address))? NULL: pmd_offset(pud, address); } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS #if ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS void __init ptlock_cache_init(void); extern bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page); extern void ptlock_free(struct page *page); static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return page->ptl; } #else /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) { } static inline bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { } static inline spinlock_t *ptlock_ptr(struct page *page) { return &page->ptl; } #endif /* ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_page(*pmd)); } static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { /* * prep_new_page() initialize page->private (and therefore page->ptl) * with 0. Make sure nobody took it in use in between. * * It can happen if arch try to use slab for page table allocation: * slab code uses page->slab_cache, which share storage with page->ptl. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(*(unsigned long *)&page->ptl, page); if (!ptlock_alloc(page)) return false; spin_lock_init(ptlock_ptr(page)); return true; } #else /* !USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ /* * We use mm->page_table_lock to guard all pagetable pages of the mm. */ static inline spinlock_t *pte_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return &mm->page_table_lock; } static inline void ptlock_cache_init(void) {} static inline bool ptlock_init(struct page *page) { return true; } static inline void ptlock_free(struct page *page) {} #endif /* USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS */ static inline void pgtable_init(void) { ptlock_cache_init(); pgtable_cache_init(); } static inline bool pgtable_pte_page_ctor(struct page *page) { if (!ptlock_init(page)) return false; __SetPageTable(page); inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); return true; } static inline void pgtable_pte_page_dtor(struct page *page) { ptlock_free(page); __ClearPageTable(page); dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_PAGETABLE); } #define pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ ({ \ spinlock_t *__ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); \ pte_t *__pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, address); \ *(ptlp) = __ptl; \ spin_lock(__ptl); \ __pte; \ }) #define pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl) do { \ spin_unlock(ptl); \ pte_unmap(pte); \ } while (0) #define pte_alloc(mm, pmd) (unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) #define pte_alloc_map(mm, pmd, address) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? NULL : pte_offset_map(pmd, address)) #define pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp) \ (pte_alloc(mm, pmd) ? \ NULL : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp)) #define pte_alloc_kernel(pmd, address) \ ((unlikely(pmd_none(*(pmd))) && __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd))? \ NULL: pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address)) #if USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS static struct page *pmd_to_page(pmd_t *pmd) { unsigned long mask = ~(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t) - 1); return virt_to_page((void *)((unsigned long) pmd & mask)); } static inline spinlock_t *pmd_lockptr(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { return ptlock_ptr(pmd_to_page(pmd)); } static inline bool pmd_ptlock_init(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE page->pmd_huge_pte = NULL; #endif return ptlock_init(page); } static inline void pmd_ptlock_free(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page-&g