1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_STACK_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_STACK_H /* * task->stack (kernel stack) handling interfaces: */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* * When accessing the stack of a non-current task that might exit, use * try_get_task_stack() instead. task_stack_page will return a pointer * that could get freed out from under you. */ static inline void *task_stack_page(const struct task_struct *task) { return task->stack; } #define setup_thread_stack(new,old) do { } while(0) static inline unsigned long *end_of_stack(const struct task_struct *task) { #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return (unsigned long *)((unsigned long)task->stack + THREAD_SIZE) - 1; #else return task->stack; #endif } #elif !defined(__HAVE_THREAD_FUNCTIONS) #define task_stack_page(task) ((void *)(task)->stack) static inline void setup_thread_stack(struct task_struct *p, struct task_struct *org) { *task_thread_info(p) = *task_thread_info(org); task_thread_info(p)->task = p; } /* * Return the address of the last usable long on the stack. * * When the stack grows down, this is just above the thread * info struct. Going any lower will corrupt the threadinfo. * * When the stack grows up, this is the highest address. * Beyond that position, we corrupt data on the next page. */ static inline unsigned long *end_of_stack(struct task_struct *p) { #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return (unsigned long *)((unsigned long)task_thread_info(p) + THREAD_SIZE) - 1; #else return (unsigned long *)(task_thread_info(p) + 1); #endif } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK static inline void *try_get_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) { return refcount_inc_not_zero(&tsk->stack_refcount) ? task_stack_page(tsk) : NULL; } extern void put_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk); #else static inline void *try_get_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_stack_page(tsk); } static inline void put_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) {} #endif #define task_stack_end_corrupted(task) \ (*(end_of_stack(task)) != STACK_END_MAGIC) static inline int object_is_on_stack(const void *obj) { void *stack = task_stack_page(current); return (obj >= stack) && (obj < (stack + THREAD_SIZE)); } extern void thread_stack_cache_init(void); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_STACK_USAGE static inline unsigned long stack_not_used(struct task_struct *p) { unsigned long *n = end_of_stack(p); do { /* Skip over canary */ # ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP n--; # else n++; # endif } while (!*n); # ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return (unsigned long)end_of_stack(p) - (unsigned long)n; # else return (unsigned long)n - (unsigned long)end_of_stack(p); # endif } #endif extern void set_task_stack_end_magic(struct task_struct *tsk); #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_KSTACK_END static inline int kstack_end(void *addr) { /* Reliable end of stack detection: * Some APM bios versions misalign the stack */ return !(((unsigned long)addr+sizeof(void*)-1) & (THREAD_SIZE-sizeof(void*))); } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_STACK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PARAVIRT_H #define _ASM_X86_PARAVIRT_H /* Various instructions on x86 need to be replaced for * para-virtualization: those hooks are defined here. */ #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT #include <asm/pgtable_types.h> #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/nospec-branch.h> #include <asm/paravirt_types.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <asm/frame.h> static inline unsigned long long paravirt_sched_clock(void) { return PVOP_CALL0(unsigned long long, time.sched_clock); } struct static_key; extern struct static_key paravirt_steal_enabled; extern struct static_key paravirt_steal_rq_enabled; __visible void __native_queued_spin_unlock(struct qspinlock *lock); bool pv_is_native_spin_unlock(void); __visible bool __native_vcpu_is_preempted(long cpu); bool pv_is_native_vcpu_is_preempted(void); static inline u64 paravirt_steal_clock(int cpu) { return PVOP_CALL1(u64, time.steal_clock, cpu); } /* The paravirtualized I/O functions */ static inline void slow_down_io(void) { pv_ops.cpu.io_delay(); #ifdef REALLY_SLOW_IO pv_ops.cpu.io_delay(); pv_ops.cpu.io_delay(); pv_ops.cpu.io_delay(); #endif } void native_flush_tlb_local(void); void native_flush_tlb_global(void); void native_flush_tlb_one_user(unsigned long addr); void native_flush_tlb_others(const struct cpumask *cpumask, const struct flush_tlb_info *info); static inline void __flush_tlb_local(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.flush_tlb_user); } static inline void __flush_tlb_global(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.flush_tlb_kernel); } static inline void __flush_tlb_one_user(unsigned long addr) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.flush_tlb_one_user, addr); } static inline void __flush_tlb_others(const struct cpumask *cpumask, const struct flush_tlb_info *info) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.flush_tlb_others, cpumask, info); } static inline void paravirt_tlb_remove_table(struct mmu_gather *tlb, void *table) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.tlb_remove_table, tlb, table); } static inline void paravirt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.exit_mmap, mm); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline void load_sp0(unsigned long sp0) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.load_sp0, sp0); } /* The paravirtualized CPUID instruction. */ static inline void __cpuid(unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx, unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx) { PVOP_VCALL4(cpu.cpuid, eax, ebx, ecx, edx); } /* * These special macros can be used to get or set a debugging register */ static inline unsigned long paravirt_get_debugreg(int reg) { return PVOP_CALL1(unsigned long, cpu.get_debugreg, reg); } #define get_debugreg(var, reg) var = paravirt_get_debugreg(reg) static inline void set_debugreg(unsigned long val, int reg) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.set_debugreg, reg, val); } static inline unsigned long read_cr0(void) { return PVOP_CALL0(unsigned long, cpu.read_cr0); } static inline void write_cr0(unsigned long x) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.write_cr0, x); } static inline unsigned long read_cr2(void) { return PVOP_CALLEE0(unsigned long, mmu.read_cr2); } static inline void write_cr2(unsigned long x) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.write_cr2, x); } static inline unsigned long __read_cr3(void) { return PVOP_CALL0(unsigned long, mmu.read_cr3); } static inline void write_cr3(unsigned long x) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.write_cr3, x); } static inline void __write_cr4(unsigned long x) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.write_cr4, x); } static inline void arch_safe_halt(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(irq.safe_halt); } static inline void halt(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(irq.halt); } static inline void wbinvd(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(cpu.wbinvd); } static inline u64 paravirt_read_msr(unsigned msr) { return PVOP_CALL1(u64, cpu.read_msr, msr); } static inline void paravirt_write_msr(unsigned msr, unsigned low, unsigned high) { PVOP_VCALL3(cpu.write_msr, msr, low, high); } static inline u64 paravirt_read_msr_safe(unsigned msr, int *err) { return PVOP_CALL2(u64, cpu.read_msr_safe, msr, err); } static inline int paravirt_write_msr_safe(unsigned msr, unsigned low, unsigned high) { return PVOP_CALL3(int, cpu.write_msr_safe, msr, low, high); } #define rdmsr(msr, val1, val2) \ do { \ u64 _l = paravirt_read_msr(msr); \ val1 = (u32)_l; \ val2 = _l >> 32; \ } while (0) #define wrmsr(msr, val1, val2) \ do { \ paravirt_write_msr(msr, val1, val2); \ } while (0) #define rdmsrl(msr, val) \ do { \ val = paravirt_read_msr(msr); \ } while (0) static inline void wrmsrl(unsigned msr, u64 val) { wrmsr(msr, (u32)val, (u32)(val>>32)); } #define wrmsr_safe(msr, a, b) paravirt_write_msr_safe(msr, a, b) /* rdmsr with exception handling */ #define rdmsr_safe(msr, a, b) \ ({ \ int _err; \ u64 _l = paravirt_read_msr_safe(msr, &_err); \ (*a) = (u32)_l; \ (*b) = _l >> 32; \ _err; \ }) static inline int rdmsrl_safe(unsigned msr, unsigned long long *p) { int err; *p = paravirt_read_msr_safe(msr, &err); return err; } static inline unsigned long long paravirt_read_pmc(int counter) { return PVOP_CALL1(u64, cpu.read_pmc, counter); } #define rdpmc(counter, low, high) \ do { \ u64 _l = paravirt_read_pmc(counter); \ low = (u32)_l; \ high = _l >> 32; \ } while (0) #define rdpmcl(counter, val) ((val) = paravirt_read_pmc(counter)) static inline void paravirt_alloc_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.alloc_ldt, ldt, entries); } static inline void paravirt_free_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.free_ldt, ldt, entries); } static inline void load_TR_desc(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(cpu.load_tr_desc); } static inline void load_gdt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.load_gdt, dtr); } static inline void load_idt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.load_idt, dtr); } static inline void set_ldt(const void *addr, unsigned entries) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.set_ldt, addr, entries); } static inline unsigned long paravirt_store_tr(void) { return PVOP_CALL0(unsigned long, cpu.store_tr); } #define store_tr(tr) ((tr) = paravirt_store_tr()) static inline void load_TLS(struct thread_struct *t, unsigned cpu) { PVOP_VCALL2(cpu.load_tls, t, cpu); } static inline void load_gs_index(unsigned int gs) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.load_gs_index, gs); } static inline void write_ldt_entry(struct desc_struct *dt, int entry, const void *desc) { PVOP_VCALL3(cpu.write_ldt_entry, dt, entry, desc); } static inline void write_gdt_entry(struct desc_struct *dt, int entry, void *desc, int type) { PVOP_VCALL4(cpu.write_gdt_entry, dt, entry, desc, type); } static inline void write_idt_entry(gate_desc *dt, int entry, const gate_desc *g) { PVOP_VCALL3(cpu.write_idt_entry, dt, entry, g); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_IOPL_IOPERM static inline void tss_invalidate_io_bitmap(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(cpu.invalidate_io_bitmap); } static inline void tss_update_io_bitmap(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(cpu.update_io_bitmap); } #endif static inline void paravirt_activate_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.activate_mm, prev, next); } static inline void paravirt_arch_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.dup_mmap, oldmm, mm); } static inline int paravirt_pgd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm) { return PVOP_CALL1(int, mmu.pgd_alloc, mm); } static inline void paravirt_pgd_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.pgd_free, mm, pgd); } static inline void paravirt_alloc_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.alloc_pte, mm, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_release_pte(unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.release_pte, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_alloc_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.alloc_pmd, mm, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_release_pmd(unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.release_pmd, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_alloc_pud(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.alloc_pud, mm, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_release_pud(unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.release_pud, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_alloc_p4d(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.alloc_p4d, mm, pfn); } static inline void paravirt_release_p4d(unsigned long pfn) { PVOP_VCALL1(mmu.release_p4d, pfn); } static inline pte_t __pte(pteval_t val) { return (pte_t) { PVOP_CALLEE1(pteval_t, mmu.make_pte, val) }; } static inline pteval_t pte_val(pte_t pte) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(pteval_t, mmu.pte_val, pte.pte); } static inline pgd_t __pgd(pgdval_t val) { return (pgd_t) { PVOP_CALLEE1(pgdval_t, mmu.make_pgd, val) }; } static inline pgdval_t pgd_val(pgd_t pgd) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(pgdval_t, mmu.pgd_val, pgd.pgd); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_MODIFY_PROT_TRANSACTION static inline pte_t ptep_modify_prot_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { pteval_t ret; ret = PVOP_CALL3(pteval_t, mmu.ptep_modify_prot_start, vma, addr, ptep); return (pte_t) { .pte = ret }; } static inline void ptep_modify_prot_commit(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t old_pte, pte_t pte) { PVOP_VCALL4(mmu.ptep_modify_prot_commit, vma, addr, ptep, pte.pte); } static inline void set_pte(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_pte, ptep, pte.pte); } static inline void set_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_pmd, pmdp, native_pmd_val(pmd)); } static inline pmd_t __pmd(pmdval_t val) { return (pmd_t) { PVOP_CALLEE1(pmdval_t, mmu.make_pmd, val) }; } static inline pmdval_t pmd_val(pmd_t pmd) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(pmdval_t, mmu.pmd_val, pmd.pmd); } static inline void set_pud(pud_t *pudp, pud_t pud) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_pud, pudp, native_pud_val(pud)); } static inline pud_t __pud(pudval_t val) { pudval_t ret; ret = PVOP_CALLEE1(pudval_t, mmu.make_pud, val); return (pud_t) { ret }; } static inline pudval_t pud_val(pud_t pud) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(pudval_t, mmu.pud_val, pud.pud); } static inline void pud_clear(pud_t *pudp) { set_pud(pudp, native_make_pud(0)); } static inline void set_p4d(p4d_t *p4dp, p4d_t p4d) { p4dval_t val = native_p4d_val(p4d); PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_p4d, p4dp, val); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS >= 5 static inline p4d_t __p4d(p4dval_t val) { p4dval_t ret = PVOP_CALLEE1(p4dval_t, mmu.make_p4d, val); return (p4d_t) { ret }; } static inline p4dval_t p4d_val(p4d_t p4d) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(p4dval_t, mmu.p4d_val, p4d.p4d); } static inline void __set_pgd(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { PVOP_VCALL2(mmu.set_pgd, pgdp, native_pgd_val(pgd)); } #define set_pgd(pgdp, pgdval) do { \ if (pgtable_l5_enabled()) \ __set_pgd(pgdp, pgdval); \ else \ set_p4d((p4d_t *)(pgdp), (p4d_t) { (pgdval).pgd }); \ } while (0) #define pgd_clear(pgdp) do { \ if (pgtable_l5_enabled()) \ set_pgd(pgdp, native_make_pgd(0)); \ } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS == 5 */ static inline void p4d_clear(p4d_t *p4dp) { set_p4d(p4dp, native_make_p4d(0)); } static inline void set_pte_atomic(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { set_pte(ptep, pte); } static inline void pte_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { set_pte(ptep, native_make_pte(0)); } static inline void pmd_clear(pmd_t *pmdp) { set_pmd(pmdp, native_make_pmd(0)); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_START_CONTEXT_SWITCH static inline void arch_start_context_switch(struct task_struct *prev) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.start_context_switch, prev); } static inline void arch_end_context_switch(struct task_struct *next) { PVOP_VCALL1(cpu.end_context_switch, next); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_ENTER_LAZY_MMU_MODE static inline void arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.lazy_mode.enter); } static inline void arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.lazy_mode.leave); } static inline void arch_flush_lazy_mmu_mode(void) { PVOP_VCALL0(mmu.lazy_mode.flush); } static inline void __set_fixmap(unsigned /* enum fixed_addresses */ idx, phys_addr_t phys, pgprot_t flags) { pv_ops.mmu.set_fixmap(idx, phys, flags); } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS) static __always_inline void pv_queued_spin_lock_slowpath(struct qspinlock *lock, u32 val) { PVOP_VCALL2(lock.queued_spin_lock_slowpath, lock, val); } static __always_inline void pv_queued_spin_unlock(struct qspinlock *lock) { PVOP_VCALLEE1(lock.queued_spin_unlock, lock); } static __always_inline void pv_wait(u8 *ptr, u8 val) { PVOP_VCALL2(lock.wait, ptr, val); } static __always_inline void pv_kick(int cpu) { PVOP_VCALL1(lock.kick, cpu); } static __always_inline bool pv_vcpu_is_preempted(long cpu) { return PVOP_CALLEE1(bool, lock.vcpu_is_preempted, cpu); } void __raw_callee_save___native_queued_spin_unlock(struct qspinlock *lock); bool __raw_callee_save___native_vcpu_is_preempted(long cpu); #endif /* SMP && PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* save and restore all caller-save registers, except return value */ #define PV_SAVE_ALL_CALLER_REGS "pushl %ecx;" #define PV_RESTORE_ALL_CALLER_REGS "popl %ecx;" #else /* save and restore all caller-save registers, except return value */ #define PV_SAVE_ALL_CALLER_REGS \ "push %rcx;" \ "push %rdx;" \ "push %rsi;" \ "push %rdi;" \ "push %r8;" \ "push %r9;" \ "push %r10;" \ "push %r11;" #define PV_RESTORE_ALL_CALLER_REGS \ "pop %r11;" \ "pop %r10;" \ "pop %r9;" \ "pop %r8;" \ "pop %rdi;" \ "pop %rsi;" \ "pop %rdx;" \ "pop %rcx;" #endif /* * Generate a thunk around a function which saves all caller-save * registers except for the return value. This allows C functions to * be called from assembler code where fewer than normal registers are * available. It may also help code generation around calls from C * code if the common case doesn't use many registers. * * When a callee is wrapped in a thunk, the caller can assume that all * arg regs and all scratch registers are preserved across the * call. The return value in rax/eax will not be saved, even for void * functions. */ #define PV_THUNK_NAME(func) "__raw_callee_save_" #func #define PV_CALLEE_SAVE_REGS_THUNK(func) \ extern typeof(func) __raw_callee_save_##func; \ \ asm(".pushsection .text;" \ ".globl " PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ";" \ ".type " PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ", @function;" \ PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ":" \ FRAME_BEGIN \ PV_SAVE_ALL_CALLER_REGS \ "call " #func ";" \ PV_RESTORE_ALL_CALLER_REGS \ FRAME_END \ "ret;" \ ".size " PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ", .-" PV_THUNK_NAME(func) ";" \ ".popsection") /* Get a reference to a callee-save function */ #define PV_CALLEE_SAVE(func) \ ((struct paravirt_callee_save) { __raw_callee_save_##func }) /* Promise that "func" already uses the right calling convention */ #define __PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(func) \ ((struct paravirt_callee_save) { func }) #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline notrace unsigned long arch_local_save_flags(void) { return PVOP_CALLEE0(unsigned long, irq.save_fl); } static inline notrace void arch_local_irq_restore(unsigned long f) { PVOP_VCALLEE1(irq.restore_fl, f); } static inline notrace void arch_local_irq_disable(void) { PVOP_VCALLEE0(irq.irq_disable); } static inline notrace void arch_local_irq_enable(void) { PVOP_VCALLEE0(irq.irq_enable); } static inline notrace unsigned long arch_local_irq_save(void) { unsigned long f; f = arch_local_save_flags(); arch_local_irq_disable(); return f; } #endif /* Make sure as little as possible of this mess escapes. */ #undef PARAVIRT_CALL #undef __PVOP_CALL #undef __PVOP_VCALL #undef PVOP_VCALL0 #undef PVOP_CALL0 #undef PVOP_VCALL1 #undef PVOP_CALL1 #undef PVOP_VCALL2 #undef PVOP_CALL2 #undef PVOP_VCALL3 #undef PVOP_CALL3 #undef PVOP_VCALL4 #undef PVOP_CALL4 extern void default_banner(void); #else /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #define _PVSITE(ptype, ops, word, algn) \ 771:; \ ops; \ 772:; \ .pushsection .parainstructions,"a"; \ .align algn; \ word 771b; \ .byte ptype; \ .byte 772b-771b; \ .popsection #define COND_PUSH(set, mask, reg) \ .if ((~(set)) & mask); push %reg; .endif #define COND_POP(set, mask, reg) \ .if ((~(set)) & mask); pop %reg; .endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #define PV_SAVE_REGS(set) \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RAX, rax); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RCX, rcx); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RDX, rdx); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RSI, rsi); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_RDI, rdi); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_R8, r8); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_R9, r9); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_R10, r10); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_R11, r11) #define PV_RESTORE_REGS(set) \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_R11, r11); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_R10, r10); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_R9, r9); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_R8, r8); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RDI, rdi); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RSI, rsi); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RDX, rdx); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RCX, rcx); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_RAX, rax) #define PARA_PATCH(off) ((off) / 8) #define PARA_SITE(ptype, ops) _PVSITE(ptype, ops, .quad, 8) #define PARA_INDIRECT(addr) *addr(%rip) #else #define PV_SAVE_REGS(set) \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_EAX, eax); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_EDI, edi); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_ECX, ecx); \ COND_PUSH(set, CLBR_EDX, edx) #define PV_RESTORE_REGS(set) \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_EDX, edx); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_ECX, ecx); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_EDI, edi); \ COND_POP(set, CLBR_EAX, eax) #define PARA_PATCH(off) ((off) / 4) #define PARA_SITE(ptype, ops) _PVSITE(ptype, ops, .long, 4) #define PARA_INDIRECT(addr) *%cs:addr #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #define INTERRUPT_RETURN \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_CPU_iret), \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ jmp PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_CPU_iret);) #define DISABLE_INTERRUPTS(clobbers) \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_IRQ_irq_disable), \ PV_SAVE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE); \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ call PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_IRQ_irq_disable); \ PV_RESTORE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE);) #define ENABLE_INTERRUPTS(clobbers) \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_IRQ_irq_enable), \ PV_SAVE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE); \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ call PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_IRQ_irq_enable); \ PV_RESTORE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE);) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #define USERGS_SYSRET64 \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_CPU_usergs_sysret64), \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ jmp PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_CPU_usergs_sysret64);) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ENTRY #define SAVE_FLAGS(clobbers) \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_IRQ_save_fl), \ PV_SAVE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE); \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ call PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_IRQ_save_fl); \ PV_RESTORE_REGS(clobbers | CLBR_CALLEE_SAVE);) #endif #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */ #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #define GET_CR2_INTO_AX \ PARA_SITE(PARA_PATCH(PV_MMU_read_cr2), \ ANNOTATE_RETPOLINE_SAFE; \ call PARA_INDIRECT(pv_ops+PV_MMU_read_cr2); \ ) #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #else /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT */ # define default_banner x86_init_noop #endif /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT */ #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline void paravirt_arch_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT static inline void paravirt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PARAVIRT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 /* gf128mul.h - GF(2^128) multiplication functions * * Copyright (c) 2003, Dr Brian Gladman, Worcester, UK. * Copyright (c) 2006 Rik Snel <rsnel@cube.dyndns.org> * * Based on Dr Brian Gladman's (GPL'd) work published at * http://fp.gladman.plus.com/cryptography_technology/index.htm * See the original copyright notice below. * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free * Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) * any later version. */ /* --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copyright (c) 2003, Dr Brian Gladman, Worcester, UK. All rights reserved. LICENSE TERMS The free distribution and use of this software in both source and binary form is allowed (with or without changes) provided that: 1. distributions of this source code include the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer; 2. distributions in binary form include the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other associated materials; 3. the copyright holder's name is not used to endorse products built using this software without specific written permission. ALTERNATIVELY, provided that this notice is retained in full, this product may be distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL), in which case the provisions of the GPL apply INSTEAD OF those given above. DISCLAIMER This software is provided 'as is' with no explicit or implied warranties in respect of its properties, including, but not limited to, correctness and/or fitness for purpose. --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Issue Date: 31/01/2006 An implementation of field multiplication in Galois Field GF(2^128) */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_GF128MUL_H #define _CRYPTO_GF128MUL_H #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include <crypto/b128ops.h> #include <linux/slab.h> /* Comment by Rik: * * For some background on GF(2^128) see for example: * http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/ST/toolkit/BCM/documents/proposedmodes/gcm/gcm-revised-spec.pdf * * The elements of GF(2^128) := GF(2)[X]/(X^128-X^7-X^2-X^1-1) can * be mapped to computer memory in a variety of ways. Let's examine * three common cases. * * Take a look at the 16 binary octets below in memory order. The msb's * are left and the lsb's are right. char b[16] is an array and b[0] is * the first octet. * * 10000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 .... 00000000 00000000 00000000 * b[0] b[1] b[2] b[3] b[13] b[14] b[15] * * Every bit is a coefficient of some power of X. We can store the bits * in every byte in little-endian order and the bytes themselves also in * little endian order. I will call this lle (little-little-endian). * The above buffer represents the polynomial 1, and X^7+X^2+X^1+1 looks * like 11100001 00000000 .... 00000000 = { 0xE1, 0x00, }. * This format was originally implemented in gf128mul and is used * in GCM (Galois/Counter mode) and in ABL (Arbitrary Block Length). * * Another convention says: store the bits in bigendian order and the * bytes also. This is bbe (big-big-endian). Now the buffer above * represents X^127. X^7+X^2+X^1+1 looks like 00000000 .... 10000111, * b[15] = 0x87 and the rest is 0. LRW uses this convention and bbe * is partly implemented. * * Both of the above formats are easy to implement on big-endian * machines. * * XTS and EME (the latter of which is patent encumbered) use the ble * format (bits are stored in big endian order and the bytes in little * endian). The above buffer represents X^7 in this case and the * primitive polynomial is b[0] = 0x87. * * The common machine word-size is smaller than 128 bits, so to make * an efficient implementation we must split into machine word sizes. * This implementation uses 64-bit words for the moment. Machine * endianness comes into play. The lle format in relation to machine * endianness is discussed below by the original author of gf128mul Dr * Brian Gladman. * * Let's look at the bbe and ble format on a little endian machine. * * bbe on a little endian machine u32 x[4]: * * MS x[0] LS MS x[1] LS * ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls * 103..96 111.104 119.112 127.120 71...64 79...72 87...80 95...88 * * MS x[2] LS MS x[3] LS * ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls * 39...32 47...40 55...48 63...56 07...00 15...08 23...16 31...24 * * ble on a little endian machine * * MS x[0] LS MS x[1] LS * ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls * 31...24 23...16 15...08 07...00 63...56 55...48 47...40 39...32 * * MS x[2] LS MS x[3] LS * ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls * 95...88 87...80 79...72 71...64 127.120 199.112 111.104 103..96 * * Multiplications in GF(2^128) are mostly bit-shifts, so you see why * ble (and lbe also) are easier to implement on a little-endian * machine than on a big-endian machine. The converse holds for bbe * and lle. * * Note: to have good alignment, it seems to me that it is sufficient * to keep elements of GF(2^128) in type u64[2]. On 32-bit wordsize * machines this will automatically aligned to wordsize and on a 64-bit * machine also. */ /* Multiply a GF(2^128) field element by x. Field elements are held in arrays of bytes in which field bits 8n..8n + 7 are held in byte[n], with lower indexed bits placed in the more numerically significant bit positions within bytes. On little endian machines the bit indexes translate into the bit positions within four 32-bit words in the following way MS x[0] LS MS x[1] LS ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls 24...31 16...23 08...15 00...07 56...63 48...55 40...47 32...39 MS x[2] LS MS x[3] LS ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls 88...95 80...87 72...79 64...71 120.127 112.119 104.111 96..103 On big endian machines the bit indexes translate into the bit positions within four 32-bit words in the following way MS x[0] LS MS x[1] LS ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls 00...07 08...15 16...23 24...31 32...39 40...47 48...55 56...63 MS x[2] LS MS x[3] LS ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls ms ls 64...71 72...79 80...87 88...95 96..103 104.111 112.119 120.127 */ /* A slow generic version of gf_mul, implemented for lle and bbe * It multiplies a and b and puts the result in a */ void gf128mul_lle(be128 *a, const be128 *b); void gf128mul_bbe(be128 *a, const be128 *b); /* * The following functions multiply a field element by x in * the polynomial field representation. They use 64-bit word operations * to gain speed but compensate for machine endianness and hence work * correctly on both styles of machine. * * They are defined here for performance. */ static inline u64 gf128mul_mask_from_bit(u64 x, int which) { /* a constant-time version of 'x & ((u64)1 << which) ? (u64)-1 : 0' */ return ((s64)(x << (63 - which)) >> 63); } static inline void gf128mul_x_lle(be128 *r, const be128 *x) { u64 a = be64_to_cpu(x->a); u64 b = be64_to_cpu(x->b); /* equivalent to gf128mul_table_le[(b << 7) & 0xff] << 48 * (see crypto/gf128mul.c): */ u64 _tt = gf128mul_mask_from_bit(b, 0) & ((u64)0xe1 << 56); r->b = cpu_to_be64((b >> 1) | (a << 63)); r->a = cpu_to_be64((a >> 1) ^ _tt); } static inline void gf128mul_x_bbe(be128 *r, const be128 *x) { u64 a = be64_to_cpu(x->a); u64 b = be64_to_cpu(x->b); /* equivalent to gf128mul_table_be[a >> 63] (see crypto/gf128mul.c): */ u64 _tt = gf128mul_mask_from_bit(a, 63) & 0x87; r->a = cpu_to_be64((a << 1) | (b >> 63)); r->b = cpu_to_be64((b << 1) ^ _tt); } /* needed by XTS */ static inline void gf128mul_x_ble(le128 *r, const le128 *x) { u64 a = le64_to_cpu(x->a); u64 b = le64_to_cpu(x->b); /* equivalent to gf128mul_table_be[b >> 63] (see crypto/gf128mul.c): */ u64 _tt = gf128mul_mask_from_bit(a, 63) & 0x87; r->a = cpu_to_le64((a << 1) | (b >> 63)); r->b = cpu_to_le64((b << 1) ^ _tt); } /* 4k table optimization */ struct gf128mul_4k { be128 t[256]; }; struct gf128mul_4k *gf128mul_init_4k_lle(const be128 *g); struct gf128mul_4k *gf128mul_init_4k_bbe(const be128 *g); void gf128mul_4k_lle(be128 *a, const struct gf128mul_4k *t); void gf128mul_4k_bbe(be128 *a, const struct gf128mul_4k *t); void gf128mul_x8_ble(le128 *r, const le128 *x); static inline void gf128mul_free_4k(struct gf128mul_4k *t) { kfree_sensitive(t); } /* 64k table optimization, implemented for bbe */ struct gf128mul_64k { struct gf128mul_4k *t[16]; }; /* First initialize with the constant factor with which you * want to multiply and then call gf128mul_64k_bbe with the other * factor in the first argument, and the table in the second. * Afterwards, the result is stored in *a. */ struct gf128mul_64k *gf128mul_init_64k_bbe(const be128 *g); void gf128mul_free_64k(struct gf128mul_64k *t); void gf128mul_64k_bbe(be128 *a, const struct gf128mul_64k *t); #endif /* _CRYPTO_GF128MUL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_USER_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_USER_H #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> /* * Some day this will be a full-fledged user tracking system.. */ struct user_struct { refcount_t __count; /* reference count */ atomic_t processes; /* How many processes does this user have? */ atomic_t sigpending; /* How many pending signals does this user have? */ #ifdef CONFIG_FANOTIFY atomic_t fanotify_listeners; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL atomic_long_t epoll_watches; /* The number of file descriptors currently watched */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE /* protected by mq_lock */ unsigned long mq_bytes; /* How many bytes can be allocated to mqueue? */ #endif unsigned long locked_shm; /* How many pages of mlocked shm ? */ unsigned long unix_inflight; /* How many files in flight in unix sockets */ atomic_long_t pipe_bufs; /* how many pages are allocated in pipe buffers */ /* Hash table maintenance information */ struct hlist_node uidhash_node; kuid_t uid; #if defined(CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS) || defined(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) || \ defined(CONFIG_NET) || defined(CONFIG_IO_URING) atomic_long_t locked_vm; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE atomic_t nr_watches; /* The number of watches this user currently has */ #endif /* Miscellaneous per-user rate limit */ struct ratelimit_state ratelimit; }; extern int uids_sysfs_init(void); extern struct user_struct *find_user(kuid_t); extern struct user_struct root_user; #define INIT_USER (&root_user) /* per-UID process charging. */ extern struct user_struct * alloc_uid(kuid_t); static inline struct user_struct *get_uid(struct user_struct *u) { refcount_inc(&u->__count); return u; } extern void free_uid(struct user_struct *); #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_USER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* request_key authorisation token key type * * Copyright (C) 2005 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef _KEYS_REQUEST_KEY_AUTH_TYPE_H #define _KEYS_REQUEST_KEY_AUTH_TYPE_H #include <linux/key.h> /* * Authorisation record for request_key(). */ struct request_key_auth { struct rcu_head rcu; struct key *target_key; struct key *dest_keyring; const struct cred *cred; void *callout_info; size_t callout_len; pid_t pid; char op[8]; } __randomize_layout; static inline struct request_key_auth *get_request_key_auth(const struct key *key) { return key->payload.data[0]; } #endif /* _KEYS_REQUEST_KEY_AUTH_TYPE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright (c) 2003-2006, Cluster File Systems, Inc, info@clusterfs.com * Written by Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com> */ #ifndef _EXT4_EXTENTS #define _EXT4_EXTENTS #include "ext4.h" /* * With AGGRESSIVE_TEST defined, the capacity of index/leaf blocks * becomes very small, so index split, in-depth growing and * other hard changes happen much more often. * This is for debug purposes only. */ #define AGGRESSIVE_TEST_ /* * With EXTENTS_STATS defined, the number of blocks and extents * are collected in the truncate path. They'll be shown at * umount time. */ #define EXTENTS_STATS__ /* * If CHECK_BINSEARCH is defined, then the results of the binary search * will also be checked by linear search. */ #define CHECK_BINSEARCH__ /* * If EXT_STATS is defined then stats numbers are collected. * These number will be displayed at umount time. */ #define EXT_STATS_ /* * ext4_inode has i_block array (60 bytes total). * The first 12 bytes store ext4_extent_header; * the remainder stores an array of ext4_extent. * For non-inode extent blocks, ext4_extent_tail * follows the array. */ /* * This is the extent tail on-disk structure. * All other extent structures are 12 bytes long. It turns out that * block_size % 12 >= 4 for at least all powers of 2 greater than 512, which * covers all valid ext4 block sizes. Therefore, this tail structure can be * crammed into the end of the block without having to rebalance the tree. */ struct ext4_extent_tail { __le32 et_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+inum+extent_block) */ }; /* * This is the extent on-disk structure. * It's used at the bottom of the tree. */ struct ext4_extent { __le32 ee_block; /* first logical block extent covers */ __le16 ee_len; /* number of blocks covered by extent */ __le16 ee_start_hi; /* high 16 bits of physical block */ __le32 ee_start_lo; /* low 32 bits of physical block */ }; /* * This is index on-disk structure. * It's used at all the levels except the bottom. */ struct ext4_extent_idx { __le32 ei_block; /* index covers logical blocks from 'block' */ __le32 ei_leaf_lo; /* pointer to the physical block of the next * * level. leaf or next index could be there */ __le16 ei_leaf_hi; /* high 16 bits of physical block */ __u16 ei_unused; }; /* * Each block (leaves and indexes), even inode-stored has header. */ struct ext4_extent_header { __le16 eh_magic; /* probably will support different formats */ __le16 eh_entries; /* number of valid entries */ __le16 eh_max; /* capacity of store in entries */ __le16 eh_depth; /* has tree real underlying blocks? */ __le32 eh_generation; /* generation of the tree */ }; #define EXT4_EXT_MAGIC cpu_to_le16(0xf30a) #define EXT4_MAX_EXTENT_DEPTH 5 #define EXT4_EXTENT_TAIL_OFFSET(hdr) \ (sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header) + \ (sizeof(struct ext4_extent) * le16_to_cpu((hdr)->eh_max))) static inline struct ext4_extent_tail * find_ext4_extent_tail(struct ext4_extent_header *eh) { return (struct ext4_extent_tail *)(((void *)eh) + EXT4_EXTENT_TAIL_OFFSET(eh)); } /* * Array of ext4_ext_path contains path to some extent. * Creation/lookup routines use it for traversal/splitting/etc. * Truncate uses it to simulate recursive walking. */ struct ext4_ext_path { ext4_fsblk_t p_block; __u16 p_depth; __u16 p_maxdepth; struct ext4_extent *p_ext; struct ext4_extent_idx *p_idx; struct ext4_extent_header *p_hdr; struct buffer_head *p_bh; }; /* * Used to record a portion of a cluster found at the beginning or end * of an extent while traversing the extent tree during space removal. * A partial cluster may be removed if it does not contain blocks shared * with extents that aren't being deleted (tofree state). Otherwise, * it cannot be removed (nofree state). */ struct partial_cluster { ext4_fsblk_t pclu; /* physical cluster number */ ext4_lblk_t lblk; /* logical block number within logical cluster */ enum {initial, tofree, nofree} state; }; /* * structure for external API */ /* * EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN is the maximum number of blocks we can have in an * initialized extent. This is 2^15 and not (2^16 - 1), since we use the * MSB of ee_len field in the extent datastructure to signify if this * particular extent is an initialized extent or an unwritten (i.e. * preallocated). * EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN is the maximum number of blocks we can have in an * unwritten extent. * If ee_len is <= 0x8000, it is an initialized extent. Otherwise, it is an * unwritten one. In other words, if MSB of ee_len is set, it is an * unwritten extent with only one special scenario when ee_len = 0x8000. * In this case we can not have an unwritten extent of zero length and * thus we make it as a special case of initialized extent with 0x8000 length. * This way we get better extent-to-group alignment for initialized extents. * Hence, the maximum number of blocks we can have in an *initialized* * extent is 2^15 (32768) and in an *unwritten* extent is 2^15-1 (32767). */ #define EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN (1UL << 15) #define EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN (EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN - 1) #define EXT_FIRST_EXTENT(__hdr__) \ ((struct ext4_extent *) (((char *) (__hdr__)) + \ sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header))) #define EXT_FIRST_INDEX(__hdr__) \ ((struct ext4_extent_idx *) (((char *) (__hdr__)) + \ sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header))) #define EXT_HAS_FREE_INDEX(__path__) \ (le16_to_cpu((__path__)->p_hdr->eh_entries) \ < le16_to_cpu((__path__)->p_hdr->eh_max)) #define EXT_LAST_EXTENT(__hdr__) \ (EXT_FIRST_EXTENT((__hdr__)) + le16_to_cpu((__hdr__)->eh_entries) - 1) #define EXT_LAST_INDEX(__hdr__) \ (EXT_FIRST_INDEX((__hdr__)) + le16_to_cpu((__hdr__)->eh_entries) - 1) #define EXT_MAX_EXTENT(__hdr__) \ ((le16_to_cpu((__hdr__)->eh_max)) ? \ ((EXT_FIRST_EXTENT((__hdr__)) + le16_to_cpu((__hdr__)->eh_max) - 1)) \ : 0) #define EXT_MAX_INDEX(__hdr__) \ ((le16_to_cpu((__hdr__)->eh_max)) ? \ ((EXT_FIRST_INDEX((__hdr__)) + le16_to_cpu((__hdr__)->eh_max) - 1)) : 0) static inline struct ext4_extent_header *ext_inode_hdr(struct inode *inode) { return (struct ext4_extent_header *) EXT4_I(inode)->i_data; } static inline struct ext4_extent_header *ext_block_hdr(struct buffer_head *bh) { return (struct ext4_extent_header *) bh->b_data; } static inline unsigned short ext_depth(struct inode *inode) { return le16_to_cpu(ext_inode_hdr(inode)->eh_depth); } static inline void ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(struct ext4_extent *ext) { /* We can not have an unwritten extent of zero length! */ BUG_ON((le16_to_cpu(ext->ee_len) & ~EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN) == 0); ext->ee_len |= cpu_to_le16(EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN); } static inline int ext4_ext_is_unwritten(struct ext4_extent *ext) { /* Extent with ee_len of 0x8000 is treated as an initialized extent */ return (le16_to_cpu(ext->ee_len) > EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN); } static inline int ext4_ext_get_actual_len(struct ext4_extent *ext) { return (le16_to_cpu(ext->ee_len) <= EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN ? le16_to_cpu(ext->ee_len) : (le16_to_cpu(ext->ee_len) - EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN)); } static inline void ext4_ext_mark_initialized(struct ext4_extent *ext) { ext->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ext)); } /* * ext4_ext_pblock: * combine low and high parts of physical block number into ext4_fsblk_t */ static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_ext_pblock(struct ext4_extent *ex) { ext4_fsblk_t block; block = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_start_lo); block |= ((ext4_fsblk_t) le16_to_cpu(ex->ee_start_hi) << 31) << 1; return block; } /* * ext4_idx_pblock: * combine low and high parts of a leaf physical block number into ext4_fsblk_t */ static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_idx_pblock(struct ext4_extent_idx *ix) { ext4_fsblk_t block; block = le32_to_cpu(ix->ei_leaf_lo); block |= ((ext4_fsblk_t) le16_to_cpu(ix->ei_leaf_hi) << 31) << 1; return block; } /* * ext4_ext_store_pblock: * stores a large physical block number into an extent struct, * breaking it into parts */ static inline void ext4_ext_store_pblock(struct ext4_extent *ex, ext4_fsblk_t pb) { ex->ee_start_lo = cpu_to_le32((unsigned long) (pb & 0xffffffff)); ex->ee_start_hi = cpu_to_le16((unsigned long) ((pb >> 31) >> 1) & 0xffff); } /* * ext4_idx_store_pblock: * stores a large physical block number into an index struct, * breaking it into parts */ static inline void ext4_idx_store_pblock(struct ext4_extent_idx *ix, ext4_fsblk_t pb) { ix->ei_leaf_lo = cpu_to_le32((unsigned long) (pb & 0xffffffff)); ix->ei_leaf_hi = cpu_to_le16((unsigned long) ((pb >> 31) >> 1) & 0xffff); } #endif /* _EXT4_EXTENTS */
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2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Copyright 2003-2005 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved. * Copyright 2003-2005 Jeff Garzik * * libata documentation is available via 'make {ps|pdf}docs', * as Documentation/driver-api/libata.rst */ #ifndef __LINUX_LIBATA_H__ #define __LINUX_LIBATA_H__ #include <linux/delay.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <linux/io.h> #include <linux/ata.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <scsi/scsi_host.h> #include <linux/acpi.h> #include <linux/cdrom.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/async.h> /* * Define if arch has non-standard setup. This is a _PCI_ standard * not a legacy or ISA standard. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_NONSTANDARD #include <asm/libata-portmap.h> #else #define ATA_PRIMARY_IRQ(dev) 14 #define ATA_SECONDARY_IRQ(dev) 15 #endif /* * compile-time options: to be removed as soon as all the drivers are * converted to the new debugging mechanism */ #undef ATA_DEBUG /* debugging output */ #undef ATA_VERBOSE_DEBUG /* yet more debugging output */ #undef ATA_IRQ_TRAP /* define to ack screaming irqs */ #undef ATA_NDEBUG /* define to disable quick runtime checks */ /* note: prints function name for you */ #ifdef ATA_DEBUG #define DPRINTK(fmt, args...) printk(KERN_ERR "%s: " fmt, __func__, ## args) #ifdef ATA_VERBOSE_DEBUG #define VPRINTK(fmt, args...) printk(KERN_ERR "%s: " fmt, __func__, ## args) #else #define VPRINTK(fmt, args...) #endif /* ATA_VERBOSE_DEBUG */ #else #define DPRINTK(fmt, args...) #define VPRINTK(fmt, args...) #endif /* ATA_DEBUG */ #define ata_print_version_once(dev, version) \ ({ \ static bool __print_once; \ \ if (!__print_once) { \ __print_once = true; \ ata_print_version(dev, version); \ } \ }) /* NEW: debug levels */ #define HAVE_LIBATA_MSG 1 enum { ATA_MSG_DRV = 0x0001, ATA_MSG_INFO = 0x0002, ATA_MSG_PROBE = 0x0004, ATA_MSG_WARN = 0x0008, ATA_MSG_MALLOC = 0x0010, ATA_MSG_CTL = 0x0020, ATA_MSG_INTR = 0x0040, ATA_MSG_ERR = 0x0080, }; #define ata_msg_drv(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_DRV) #define ata_msg_info(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_INFO) #define ata_msg_probe(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_PROBE) #define ata_msg_warn(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_WARN) #define ata_msg_malloc(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_MALLOC) #define ata_msg_ctl(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_CTL) #define ata_msg_intr(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_INTR) #define ata_msg_err(p) ((p)->msg_enable & ATA_MSG_ERR) static inline u32 ata_msg_init(int dval, int default_msg_enable_bits) { if (dval < 0 || dval >= (sizeof(u32) * 8)) return default_msg_enable_bits; /* should be 0x1 - only driver info msgs */ if (!dval) return 0; return (1 << dval) - 1; } /* defines only for the constants which don't work well as enums */ #define ATA_TAG_POISON 0xfafbfcfdU enum { /* various global constants */ LIBATA_MAX_PRD = ATA_MAX_PRD / 2, LIBATA_DUMB_MAX_PRD = ATA_MAX_PRD / 4, /* Worst case */ ATA_DEF_QUEUE = 1, ATA_MAX_QUEUE = 32, ATA_TAG_INTERNAL = ATA_MAX_QUEUE, ATA_SHORT_PAUSE = 16, ATAPI_MAX_DRAIN = 16 << 10, ATA_ALL_DEVICES = (1 << ATA_MAX_DEVICES) - 1, ATA_SHT_EMULATED = 1, ATA_SHT_THIS_ID = -1, /* struct ata_taskfile flags */ ATA_TFLAG_LBA48 = (1 << 0), /* enable 48-bit LBA and "HOB" */ ATA_TFLAG_ISADDR = (1 << 1), /* enable r/w to nsect/lba regs */ ATA_TFLAG_DEVICE = (1 << 2), /* enable r/w to device reg */ ATA_TFLAG_WRITE = (1 << 3), /* data dir: host->dev==1 (write) */ ATA_TFLAG_LBA = (1 << 4), /* enable LBA */ ATA_TFLAG_FUA = (1 << 5), /* enable FUA */ ATA_TFLAG_POLLING = (1 << 6), /* set nIEN to 1 and use polling */ /* struct ata_device stuff */ ATA_DFLAG_LBA = (1 << 0), /* device supports LBA */ ATA_DFLAG_LBA48 = (1 << 1), /* device supports LBA48 */ ATA_DFLAG_CDB_INTR = (1 << 2), /* device asserts INTRQ when ready for CDB */ ATA_DFLAG_NCQ = (1 << 3), /* device supports NCQ */ ATA_DFLAG_FLUSH_EXT = (1 << 4), /* do FLUSH_EXT instead of FLUSH */ ATA_DFLAG_ACPI_PENDING = (1 << 5), /* ACPI resume action pending */ ATA_DFLAG_ACPI_FAILED = (1 << 6), /* ACPI on devcfg has failed */ ATA_DFLAG_AN = (1 << 7), /* AN configured */ ATA_DFLAG_TRUSTED = (1 << 8), /* device supports trusted send/recv */ ATA_DFLAG_DMADIR = (1 << 10), /* device requires DMADIR */ ATA_DFLAG_CFG_MASK = (1 << 12) - 1, ATA_DFLAG_PIO = (1 << 12), /* device limited to PIO mode */ ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_OFF = (1 << 13), /* device limited to non-NCQ mode */ ATA_DFLAG_SLEEPING = (1 << 15), /* device is sleeping */ ATA_DFLAG_DUBIOUS_XFER = (1 << 16), /* data transfer not verified */ ATA_DFLAG_NO_UNLOAD = (1 << 17), /* device doesn't support unload */ ATA_DFLAG_UNLOCK_HPA = (1 << 18), /* unlock HPA */ ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_SEND_RECV = (1 << 19), /* device supports NCQ SEND and RECV */ ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_PRIO = (1 << 20), /* device supports NCQ priority */ ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_PRIO_ENABLE = (1 << 21), /* Priority cmds sent to dev */ ATA_DFLAG_INIT_MASK = (1 << 24) - 1, ATA_DFLAG_DETACH = (1 << 24), ATA_DFLAG_DETACHED = (1 << 25), ATA_DFLAG_DA = (1 << 26), /* device supports Device Attention */ ATA_DFLAG_DEVSLP = (1 << 27), /* device supports Device Sleep */ ATA_DFLAG_ACPI_DISABLED = (1 << 28), /* ACPI for the device is disabled */ ATA_DFLAG_D_SENSE = (1 << 29), /* Descriptor sense requested */ ATA_DFLAG_ZAC = (1 << 30), /* ZAC device */ ATA_DEV_UNKNOWN = 0, /* unknown device */ ATA_DEV_ATA = 1, /* ATA device */ ATA_DEV_ATA_UNSUP = 2, /* ATA device (unsupported) */ ATA_DEV_ATAPI = 3, /* ATAPI device */ ATA_DEV_ATAPI_UNSUP = 4, /* ATAPI device (unsupported) */ ATA_DEV_PMP = 5, /* SATA port multiplier */ ATA_DEV_PMP_UNSUP = 6, /* SATA port multiplier (unsupported) */ ATA_DEV_SEMB = 7, /* SEMB */ ATA_DEV_SEMB_UNSUP = 8, /* SEMB (unsupported) */ ATA_DEV_ZAC = 9, /* ZAC device */ ATA_DEV_ZAC_UNSUP = 10, /* ZAC device (unsupported) */ ATA_DEV_NONE = 11, /* no device */ /* struct ata_link flags */ /* NOTE: struct ata_force_param currently stores lflags in u16 */ ATA_LFLAG_NO_HRST = (1 << 1), /* avoid hardreset */ ATA_LFLAG_NO_SRST = (1 << 2), /* avoid softreset */ ATA_LFLAG_ASSUME_ATA = (1 << 3), /* assume ATA class */ ATA_LFLAG_ASSUME_SEMB = (1 << 4), /* assume SEMB class */ ATA_LFLAG_ASSUME_CLASS = ATA_LFLAG_ASSUME_ATA | ATA_LFLAG_ASSUME_SEMB, ATA_LFLAG_NO_RETRY = (1 << 5), /* don't retry this link */ ATA_LFLAG_DISABLED = (1 << 6), /* link is disabled */ ATA_LFLAG_SW_ACTIVITY = (1 << 7), /* keep activity stats */ ATA_LFLAG_NO_LPM = (1 << 8), /* disable LPM on this link */ ATA_LFLAG_RST_ONCE = (1 << 9), /* limit recovery to one reset */ ATA_LFLAG_CHANGED = (1 << 10), /* LPM state changed on this link */ ATA_LFLAG_NO_DB_DELAY = (1 << 11), /* no debounce delay on link resume */ /* struct ata_port flags */ ATA_FLAG_SLAVE_POSS = (1 << 0), /* host supports slave dev */ /* (doesn't imply presence) */ ATA_FLAG_SATA = (1 << 1), ATA_FLAG_NO_LPM = (1 << 2), /* host not happy with LPM */ ATA_FLAG_NO_LOG_PAGE = (1 << 5), /* do not issue log page read */ ATA_FLAG_NO_ATAPI = (1 << 6), /* No ATAPI support */ ATA_FLAG_PIO_DMA = (1 << 7), /* PIO cmds via DMA */ ATA_FLAG_PIO_LBA48 = (1 << 8), /* Host DMA engine is LBA28 only */ ATA_FLAG_PIO_POLLING = (1 << 9), /* use polling PIO if LLD * doesn't handle PIO interrupts */ ATA_FLAG_NCQ = (1 << 10), /* host supports NCQ */ ATA_FLAG_NO_POWEROFF_SPINDOWN = (1 << 11), /* don't spindown before poweroff */ ATA_FLAG_NO_HIBERNATE_SPINDOWN = (1 << 12), /* don't spindown before hibernation */ ATA_FLAG_DEBUGMSG = (1 << 13), ATA_FLAG_FPDMA_AA = (1 << 14), /* driver supports Auto-Activate */ ATA_FLAG_IGN_SIMPLEX = (1 << 15), /* ignore SIMPLEX */ ATA_FLAG_NO_IORDY = (1 << 16), /* controller lacks iordy */ ATA_FLAG_ACPI_SATA = (1 << 17), /* need native SATA ACPI layout */ ATA_FLAG_AN = (1 << 18), /* controller supports AN */ ATA_FLAG_PMP = (1 << 19), /* controller supports PMP */ ATA_FLAG_FPDMA_AUX = (1 << 20), /* controller supports H2DFIS aux field */ ATA_FLAG_EM = (1 << 21), /* driver supports enclosure * management */ ATA_FLAG_SW_ACTIVITY = (1 << 22), /* driver supports sw activity * led */ ATA_FLAG_NO_DIPM = (1 << 23), /* host not happy with DIPM */ ATA_FLAG_SAS_HOST = (1 << 24), /* SAS host */ /* bits 24:31 of ap->flags are reserved for LLD specific flags */ /* struct ata_port pflags */ ATA_PFLAG_EH_PENDING = (1 << 0), /* EH pending */ ATA_PFLAG_EH_IN_PROGRESS = (1 << 1), /* EH in progress */ ATA_PFLAG_FROZEN = (1 << 2), /* port is frozen */ ATA_PFLAG_RECOVERED = (1 << 3), /* recovery action performed */ ATA_PFLAG_LOADING = (1 << 4), /* boot/loading probe */ ATA_PFLAG_SCSI_HOTPLUG = (1 << 6), /* SCSI hotplug scheduled */ ATA_PFLAG_INITIALIZING = (1 << 7), /* being initialized, don't touch */ ATA_PFLAG_RESETTING = (1 << 8), /* reset in progress */ ATA_PFLAG_UNLOADING = (1 << 9), /* driver is being unloaded */ ATA_PFLAG_UNLOADED = (1 << 10), /* driver is unloaded */ ATA_PFLAG_SUSPENDED = (1 << 17), /* port is suspended (power) */ ATA_PFLAG_PM_PENDING = (1 << 18), /* PM operation pending */ ATA_PFLAG_INIT_GTM_VALID = (1 << 19), /* initial gtm data valid */ ATA_PFLAG_PIO32 = (1 << 20), /* 32bit PIO */ ATA_PFLAG_PIO32CHANGE = (1 << 21), /* 32bit PIO can be turned on/off */ ATA_PFLAG_EXTERNAL = (1 << 22), /* eSATA/external port */ /* struct ata_queued_cmd flags */ ATA_QCFLAG_ACTIVE = (1 << 0), /* cmd not yet ack'd to scsi lyer */ ATA_QCFLAG_DMAMAP = (1 << 1), /* SG table is DMA mapped */ ATA_QCFLAG_IO = (1 << 3), /* standard IO command */ ATA_QCFLAG_RESULT_TF = (1 << 4), /* result TF requested */ ATA_QCFLAG_CLEAR_EXCL = (1 << 5), /* clear excl_link on completion */ ATA_QCFLAG_QUIET = (1 << 6), /* don't report device error */ ATA_QCFLAG_RETRY = (1 << 7), /* retry after failure */ ATA_QCFLAG_FAILED = (1 << 16), /* cmd failed and is owned by EH */ ATA_QCFLAG_SENSE_VALID = (1 << 17), /* sense data valid */ ATA_QCFLAG_EH_SCHEDULED = (1 << 18), /* EH scheduled (obsolete) */ /* host set flags */ ATA_HOST_SIMPLEX = (1 << 0), /* Host is simplex, one DMA channel per host only */ ATA_HOST_STARTED = (1 << 1), /* Host started */ ATA_HOST_PARALLEL_SCAN = (1 << 2), /* Ports on this host can be scanned in parallel */ ATA_HOST_IGNORE_ATA = (1 << 3), /* Ignore ATA devices on this host. */ /* bits 24:31 of host->flags are reserved for LLD specific flags */ /* various lengths of time */ ATA_TMOUT_BOOT = 30000, /* heuristic */ ATA_TMOUT_BOOT_QUICK = 7000, /* heuristic */ ATA_TMOUT_INTERNAL_QUICK = 5000, ATA_TMOUT_MAX_PARK = 30000, /* * GoVault needs 2s and iVDR disk HHD424020F7SV00 800ms. 2s * is too much without parallel probing. Use 2s if parallel * probing is available, 800ms otherwise. */ ATA_TMOUT_FF_WAIT_LONG = 2000, ATA_TMOUT_FF_WAIT = 800, /* Spec mandates to wait for ">= 2ms" before checking status * after reset. We wait 150ms, because that was the magic * delay used for ATAPI devices in Hale Landis's ATADRVR, for * the period of time between when the ATA command register is * written, and then status is checked. Because waiting for * "a while" before checking status is fine, post SRST, we * perform this magic delay here as well. * * Old drivers/ide uses the 2mS rule and then waits for ready. */ ATA_WAIT_AFTER_RESET = 150, /* If PMP is supported, we have to do follow-up SRST. As some * PMPs don't send D2H Reg FIS after hardreset, LLDs are * advised to wait only for the following duration before * doing SRST. */ ATA_TMOUT_PMP_SRST_WAIT = 5000, /* When the LPM policy is set to ATA_LPM_MAX_POWER, there might * be a spurious PHY event, so ignore the first PHY event that * occurs within 10s after the policy change. */ ATA_TMOUT_SPURIOUS_PHY = 10000, /* ATA bus states */ BUS_UNKNOWN = 0, BUS_DMA = 1, BUS_IDLE = 2, BUS_NOINTR = 3, BUS_NODATA = 4, BUS_TIMER = 5, BUS_PIO = 6, BUS_EDD = 7, BUS_IDENTIFY = 8, BUS_PACKET = 9, /* SATA port states */ PORT_UNKNOWN = 0, PORT_ENABLED = 1, PORT_DISABLED = 2, /* encoding various smaller bitmaps into a single * unsigned long bitmap */ ATA_NR_PIO_MODES = 7, ATA_NR_MWDMA_MODES = 5, ATA_NR_UDMA_MODES = 8, ATA_SHIFT_PIO = 0, ATA_SHIFT_MWDMA = ATA_SHIFT_PIO + ATA_NR_PIO_MODES, ATA_SHIFT_UDMA = ATA_SHIFT_MWDMA + ATA_NR_MWDMA_MODES, ATA_SHIFT_PRIO = 6, ATA_PRIO_HIGH = 2, /* size of buffer to pad xfers ending on unaligned boundaries */ ATA_DMA_PAD_SZ = 4, /* ering size */ ATA_ERING_SIZE = 32, /* return values for ->qc_defer */ ATA_DEFER_LINK = 1, ATA_DEFER_PORT = 2, /* desc_len for ata_eh_info and context */ ATA_EH_DESC_LEN = 80, /* reset / recovery action types */ ATA_EH_REVALIDATE = (1 << 0), ATA_EH_SOFTRESET = (1 << 1), /* meaningful only in ->prereset */ ATA_EH_HARDRESET = (1 << 2), /* meaningful only in ->prereset */ ATA_EH_RESET = ATA_EH_SOFTRESET | ATA_EH_HARDRESET, ATA_EH_ENABLE_LINK = (1 << 3), ATA_EH_PARK = (1 << 5), /* unload heads and stop I/O */ ATA_EH_PERDEV_MASK = ATA_EH_REVALIDATE | ATA_EH_PARK, ATA_EH_ALL_ACTIONS = ATA_EH_REVALIDATE | ATA_EH_RESET | ATA_EH_ENABLE_LINK, /* ata_eh_info->flags */ ATA_EHI_HOTPLUGGED = (1 << 0), /* could have been hotplugged */ ATA_EHI_NO_AUTOPSY = (1 << 2), /* no autopsy */ ATA_EHI_QUIET = (1 << 3), /* be quiet */ ATA_EHI_NO_RECOVERY = (1 << 4), /* no recovery */ ATA_EHI_DID_SOFTRESET = (1 << 16), /* already soft-reset this port */ ATA_EHI_DID_HARDRESET = (1 << 17), /* already soft-reset this port */ ATA_EHI_PRINTINFO = (1 << 18), /* print configuration info */ ATA_EHI_SETMODE = (1 << 19), /* configure transfer mode */ ATA_EHI_POST_SETMODE = (1 << 20), /* revalidating after setmode */ ATA_EHI_DID_RESET = ATA_EHI_DID_SOFTRESET | ATA_EHI_DID_HARDRESET, /* mask of flags to transfer *to* the slave link */ ATA_EHI_TO_SLAVE_MASK = ATA_EHI_NO_AUTOPSY | ATA_EHI_QUIET, /* max tries if error condition is still set after ->error_handler */ ATA_EH_MAX_TRIES = 5, /* sometimes resuming a link requires several retries */ ATA_LINK_RESUME_TRIES = 5, /* how hard are we gonna try to probe/recover devices */ ATA_PROBE_MAX_TRIES = 3, ATA_EH_DEV_TRIES = 3, ATA_EH_PMP_TRIES = 5, ATA_EH_PMP_LINK_TRIES = 3, SATA_PMP_RW_TIMEOUT = 3000, /* PMP read/write timeout */ /* This should match the actual table size of * ata_eh_cmd_timeout_table in libata-eh.c. */ ATA_EH_CMD_TIMEOUT_TABLE_SIZE = 7, /* Horkage types. May be set by libata or controller on drives (some horkage may be drive/controller pair dependent */ ATA_HORKAGE_DIAGNOSTIC = (1 << 0), /* Failed boot diag */ ATA_HORKAGE_NODMA = (1 << 1), /* DMA problems */ ATA_HORKAGE_NONCQ = (1 << 2), /* Don't use NCQ */ ATA_HORKAGE_MAX_SEC_128 = (1 << 3), /* Limit max sects to 128 */ ATA_HORKAGE_BROKEN_HPA = (1 << 4), /* Broken HPA */ ATA_HORKAGE_DISABLE = (1 << 5), /* Disable it */ ATA_HORKAGE_HPA_SIZE = (1 << 6), /* native size off by one */ ATA_HORKAGE_IVB = (1 << 8), /* cbl det validity bit bugs */ ATA_HORKAGE_STUCK_ERR = (1 << 9), /* stuck ERR on next PACKET */ ATA_HORKAGE_BRIDGE_OK = (1 << 10), /* no bridge limits */ ATA_HORKAGE_ATAPI_MOD16_DMA = (1 << 11), /* use ATAPI DMA for commands not multiple of 16 bytes */ ATA_HORKAGE_FIRMWARE_WARN = (1 << 12), /* firmware update warning */ ATA_HORKAGE_1_5_GBPS = (1 << 13), /* force 1.5 Gbps */ ATA_HORKAGE_NOSETXFER = (1 << 14), /* skip SETXFER, SATA only */ ATA_HORKAGE_BROKEN_FPDMA_AA = (1 << 15), /* skip AA */ ATA_HORKAGE_DUMP_ID = (1 << 16), /* dump IDENTIFY data */ ATA_HORKAGE_MAX_SEC_LBA48 = (1 << 17), /* Set max sects to 65535 */ ATA_HORKAGE_ATAPI_DMADIR = (1 << 18), /* device requires dmadir */ ATA_HORKAGE_NO_NCQ_TRIM = (1 << 19), /* don't use queued TRIM */ ATA_HORKAGE_NOLPM = (1 << 20), /* don't use LPM */ ATA_HORKAGE_WD_BROKEN_LPM = (1 << 21), /* some WDs have broken LPM */ ATA_HORKAGE_ZERO_AFTER_TRIM = (1 << 22),/* guarantees zero after trim */ ATA_HORKAGE_NO_DMA_LOG = (1 << 23), /* don't use DMA for log read */ ATA_HORKAGE_NOTRIM = (1 << 24), /* don't use TRIM */ ATA_HORKAGE_MAX_SEC_1024 = (1 << 25), /* Limit max sects to 1024 */ ATA_HORKAGE_MAX_TRIM_128M = (1 << 26), /* Limit max trim size to 128M */ ATA_HORKAGE_NO_NCQ_ON_ATI = (1 << 27), /* Disable NCQ on ATI chipset */ /* DMA mask for user DMA control: User visible values; DO NOT renumber */ ATA_DMA_MASK_ATA = (1 << 0), /* DMA on ATA Disk */ ATA_DMA_MASK_ATAPI = (1 << 1), /* DMA on ATAPI */ ATA_DMA_MASK_CFA = (1 << 2), /* DMA on CF Card */ /* ATAPI command types */ ATAPI_READ = 0, /* READs */ ATAPI_WRITE = 1, /* WRITEs */ ATAPI_READ_CD = 2, /* READ CD [MSF] */ ATAPI_PASS_THRU = 3, /* SAT pass-thru */ ATAPI_MISC = 4, /* the rest */ /* Timing constants */ ATA_TIMING_SETUP = (1 << 0), ATA_TIMING_ACT8B = (1 << 1), ATA_TIMING_REC8B = (1 << 2), ATA_TIMING_CYC8B = (1 << 3), ATA_TIMING_8BIT = ATA_TIMING_ACT8B | ATA_TIMING_REC8B | ATA_TIMING_CYC8B, ATA_TIMING_ACTIVE = (1 << 4), ATA_TIMING_RECOVER = (1 << 5), ATA_TIMING_DMACK_HOLD = (1 << 6), ATA_TIMING_CYCLE = (1 << 7), ATA_TIMING_UDMA = (1 << 8), ATA_TIMING_ALL = ATA_TIMING_SETUP | ATA_TIMING_ACT8B | ATA_TIMING_REC8B | ATA_TIMING_CYC8B | ATA_TIMING_ACTIVE | ATA_TIMING_RECOVER | ATA_TIMING_DMACK_HOLD | ATA_TIMING_CYCLE | ATA_TIMING_UDMA, /* ACPI constants */ ATA_ACPI_FILTER_SETXFER = 1 << 0, ATA_ACPI_FILTER_LOCK = 1 << 1, ATA_ACPI_FILTER_DIPM = 1 << 2, ATA_ACPI_FILTER_FPDMA_OFFSET = 1 << 3, /* FPDMA non-zero offset */ ATA_ACPI_FILTER_FPDMA_AA = 1 << 4, /* FPDMA auto activate */ ATA_ACPI_FILTER_DEFAULT = ATA_ACPI_FILTER_SETXFER | ATA_ACPI_FILTER_LOCK | ATA_ACPI_FILTER_DIPM, }; enum ata_xfer_mask { ATA_MASK_PIO = ((1LU << ATA_NR_PIO_MODES) - 1) << ATA_SHIFT_PIO, ATA_MASK_MWDMA = ((1LU << ATA_NR_MWDMA_MODES) - 1) << ATA_SHIFT_MWDMA, ATA_MASK_UDMA = ((1LU << ATA_NR_UDMA_MODES) - 1) << ATA_SHIFT_UDMA, }; enum hsm_task_states { HSM_ST_IDLE, /* no command on going */ HSM_ST_FIRST, /* (waiting the device to) write CDB or first data block */ HSM_ST, /* (waiting the device to) transfer data */ HSM_ST_LAST, /* (waiting the device to) complete command */ HSM_ST_ERR, /* error */ }; enum ata_completion_errors { AC_ERR_OK = 0, /* no error */ AC_ERR_DEV = (1 << 0), /* device reported error */ AC_ERR_HSM = (1 << 1), /* host state machine violation */ AC_ERR_TIMEOUT = (1 << 2), /* timeout */ AC_ERR_MEDIA = (1 << 3), /* media error */ AC_ERR_ATA_BUS = (1 << 4), /* ATA bus error */ AC_ERR_HOST_BUS = (1 << 5), /* host bus error */ AC_ERR_SYSTEM = (1 << 6), /* system error */ AC_ERR_INVALID = (1 << 7), /* invalid argument */ AC_ERR_OTHER = (1 << 8), /* unknown */ AC_ERR_NODEV_HINT = (1 << 9), /* polling device detection hint */ AC_ERR_NCQ = (1 << 10), /* marker for offending NCQ qc */ }; /* * Link power management policy: If you alter this, you also need to * alter libata-scsi.c (for the ascii descriptions) */ enum ata_lpm_policy { ATA_LPM_UNKNOWN, ATA_LPM_MAX_POWER, ATA_LPM_MED_POWER, ATA_LPM_MED_POWER_WITH_DIPM, /* Med power + DIPM as win IRST does */ ATA_LPM_MIN_POWER_WITH_PARTIAL, /* Min Power + partial and slumber */ ATA_LPM_MIN_POWER, /* Min power + no partial (slumber only) */ }; enum ata_lpm_hints { ATA_LPM_EMPTY = (1 << 0), /* port empty/probing */ ATA_LPM_HIPM = (1 << 1), /* may use HIPM */ ATA_LPM_WAKE_ONLY = (1 << 2), /* only wake up link */ }; /* forward declarations */ struct scsi_device; struct ata_port_operations; struct ata_port; struct ata_link; struct ata_queued_cmd; /* typedefs */ typedef void (*ata_qc_cb_t) (struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); typedef int (*ata_prereset_fn_t)(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long deadline); typedef int (*ata_reset_fn_t)(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *classes, unsigned long deadline); typedef void (*ata_postreset_fn_t)(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *classes); extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_unload_heads; #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_HOST extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_link_power_management_policy; extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_ncq_prio_enable; extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_em_message_type; extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_em_message; extern struct device_attribute dev_attr_sw_activity; #endif enum sw_activity { OFF, BLINK_ON, BLINK_OFF, }; struct ata_taskfile { unsigned long flags; /* ATA_TFLAG_xxx */ u8 protocol; /* ATA_PROT_xxx */ u8 ctl; /* control reg */ u8 hob_feature; /* additional data */ u8 hob_nsect; /* to support LBA48 */ u8 hob_lbal; u8 hob_lbam; u8 hob_lbah; u8 feature; u8 nsect; u8 lbal; u8 lbam; u8 lbah; u8 device; u8 command; /* IO operation */ u32 auxiliary; /* auxiliary field */ /* from SATA 3.1 and */ /* ATA-8 ACS-3 */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_SFF struct ata_ioports { void __iomem *cmd_addr; void __iomem *data_addr; void __iomem *error_addr; void __iomem *feature_addr; void __iomem *nsect_addr; void __iomem *lbal_addr; void __iomem *lbam_addr; void __iomem *lbah_addr; void __iomem *device_addr; void __iomem *status_addr; void __iomem *command_addr; void __iomem *altstatus_addr; void __iomem *ctl_addr; #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA void __iomem *bmdma_addr; #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA */ void __iomem *scr_addr; }; #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_SFF */ struct ata_host { spinlock_t lock; struct device *dev; void __iomem * const *iomap; unsigned int n_ports; unsigned int n_tags; /* nr of NCQ tags */ void *private_data; struct ata_port_operations *ops; unsigned long flags; struct kref kref; struct mutex eh_mutex; struct task_struct *eh_owner; struct ata_port *simplex_claimed; /* channel owning the DMA */ struct ata_port *ports[]; }; struct ata_queued_cmd { struct ata_port *ap; struct ata_device *dev; struct scsi_cmnd *scsicmd; void (*scsidone)(struct scsi_cmnd *); struct ata_taskfile tf; u8 cdb[ATAPI_CDB_LEN]; unsigned long flags; /* ATA_QCFLAG_xxx */ unsigned int tag; /* libata core tag */ unsigned int hw_tag; /* driver tag */ unsigned int n_elem; unsigned int orig_n_elem; int dma_dir; unsigned int sect_size; unsigned int nbytes; unsigned int extrabytes; unsigned int curbytes; struct scatterlist sgent; struct scatterlist *sg; struct scatterlist *cursg; unsigned int cursg_ofs; unsigned int err_mask; struct ata_taskfile result_tf; ata_qc_cb_t complete_fn; void *private_data; void *lldd_task; }; struct ata_port_stats { unsigned long unhandled_irq; unsigned long idle_irq; unsigned long rw_reqbuf; }; struct ata_ering_entry { unsigned int eflags; unsigned int err_mask; u64 timestamp; }; struct ata_ering { int cursor; struct ata_ering_entry ring[ATA_ERING_SIZE]; }; struct ata_device { struct ata_link *link; unsigned int devno; /* 0 or 1 */ unsigned int horkage; /* List of broken features */ unsigned long flags; /* ATA_DFLAG_xxx */ struct scsi_device *sdev; /* attached SCSI device */ void *private_data; #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_ACPI union acpi_object *gtf_cache; unsigned int gtf_filter; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_ZPODD void *zpodd; #endif struct device tdev; /* n_sector is CLEAR_BEGIN, read comment above CLEAR_BEGIN */ u64 n_sectors; /* size of device, if ATA */ u64 n_native_sectors; /* native size, if ATA */ unsigned int class; /* ATA_DEV_xxx */ unsigned long unpark_deadline; u8 pio_mode; u8 dma_mode; u8 xfer_mode; unsigned int xfer_shift; /* ATA_SHIFT_xxx */ unsigned int multi_count; /* sectors count for READ/WRITE MULTIPLE */ unsigned int max_sectors; /* per-device max sectors */ unsigned int cdb_len; /* per-dev xfer mask */ unsigned long pio_mask; unsigned long mwdma_mask; unsigned long udma_mask; /* for CHS addressing */ u16 cylinders; /* Number of cylinders */ u16 heads; /* Number of heads */ u16 sectors; /* Number of sectors per track */ union { u16 id[ATA_ID_WORDS]; /* IDENTIFY xxx DEVICE data */ u32 gscr[SATA_PMP_GSCR_DWORDS]; /* PMP GSCR block */ } ____cacheline_aligned; /* DEVSLP Timing Variables from Identify Device Data Log */ u8 devslp_timing[ATA_LOG_DEVSLP_SIZE]; /* NCQ send and receive log subcommand support */ u8 ncq_send_recv_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_SIZE]; u8 ncq_non_data_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_SIZE]; /* ZAC zone configuration */ u32 zac_zoned_cap; u32 zac_zones_optimal_open; u32 zac_zones_optimal_nonseq; u32 zac_zones_max_open; /* error history */ int spdn_cnt; /* ering is CLEAR_END, read comment above CLEAR_END */ struct ata_ering ering; }; /* Fields between ATA_DEVICE_CLEAR_BEGIN and ATA_DEVICE_CLEAR_END are * cleared to zero on ata_dev_init(). */ #define ATA_DEVICE_CLEAR_BEGIN offsetof(struct ata_device, n_sectors) #define ATA_DEVICE_CLEAR_END offsetof(struct ata_device, ering) struct ata_eh_info { struct ata_device *dev; /* offending device */ u32 serror; /* SError from LLDD */ unsigned int err_mask; /* port-wide err_mask */ unsigned int action; /* ATA_EH_* action mask */ unsigned int dev_action[ATA_MAX_DEVICES]; /* dev EH action */ unsigned int flags; /* ATA_EHI_* flags */ unsigned int probe_mask; char desc[ATA_EH_DESC_LEN]; int desc_len; }; struct ata_eh_context { struct ata_eh_info i; int tries[ATA_MAX_DEVICES]; int cmd_timeout_idx[ATA_MAX_DEVICES] [ATA_EH_CMD_TIMEOUT_TABLE_SIZE]; unsigned int classes[ATA_MAX_DEVICES]; unsigned int did_probe_mask; unsigned int unloaded_mask; unsigned int saved_ncq_enabled; u8 saved_xfer_mode[ATA_MAX_DEVICES]; /* timestamp for the last reset attempt or success */ unsigned long last_reset; }; struct ata_acpi_drive { u32 pio; u32 dma; } __packed; struct ata_acpi_gtm { struct ata_acpi_drive drive[2]; u32 flags; } __packed; struct ata_link { struct ata_port *ap; int pmp; /* port multiplier port # */ struct device tdev; unsigned int active_tag; /* active tag on this link */ u32 sactive; /* active NCQ commands */ unsigned int flags; /* ATA_LFLAG_xxx */ u32 saved_scontrol; /* SControl on probe */ unsigned int hw_sata_spd_limit; unsigned int sata_spd_limit; unsigned int sata_spd; /* current SATA PHY speed */ enum ata_lpm_policy lpm_policy; /* record runtime error info, protected by host_set lock */ struct ata_eh_info eh_info; /* EH context */ struct ata_eh_context eh_context; struct ata_device device[ATA_MAX_DEVICES]; unsigned long last_lpm_change; /* when last LPM change happened */ }; #define ATA_LINK_CLEAR_BEGIN offsetof(struct ata_link, active_tag) #define ATA_LINK_CLEAR_END offsetof(struct ata_link, device[0]) struct ata_port { struct Scsi_Host *scsi_host; /* our co-allocated scsi host */ struct ata_port_operations *ops; spinlock_t *lock; /* Flags owned by the EH context. Only EH should touch these once the port is active */ unsigned long flags; /* ATA_FLAG_xxx */ /* Flags that change dynamically, protected by ap->lock */ unsigned int pflags; /* ATA_PFLAG_xxx */ unsigned int print_id; /* user visible unique port ID */ unsigned int local_port_no; /* host local port num */ unsigned int port_no; /* 0 based port no. inside the host */ #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_SFF struct ata_ioports ioaddr; /* ATA cmd/ctl/dma register blocks */ u8 ctl; /* cache of ATA control register */ u8 last_ctl; /* Cache last written value */ struct ata_link* sff_pio_task_link; /* link currently used */ struct delayed_work sff_pio_task; #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA struct ata_bmdma_prd *bmdma_prd; /* BMDMA SG list */ dma_addr_t bmdma_prd_dma; /* and its DMA mapping */ #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA */ #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_SFF */ unsigned int pio_mask; unsigned int mwdma_mask; unsigned int udma_mask; unsigned int cbl; /* cable type; ATA_CBL_xxx */ struct ata_queued_cmd qcmd[ATA_MAX_QUEUE + 1]; unsigned long sas_tag_allocated; /* for sas tag allocation only */ u64 qc_active; int nr_active_links; /* #links with active qcs */ unsigned int sas_last_tag; /* track next tag hw expects */ struct ata_link link; /* host default link */ struct ata_link *slave_link; /* see ata_slave_link_init() */ int nr_pmp_links; /* nr of available PMP links */ struct ata_link *pmp_link; /* array of PMP links */ struct ata_link *excl_link; /* for PMP qc exclusion */ struct ata_port_stats stats; struct ata_host *host; struct device *dev; struct device tdev; struct mutex scsi_scan_mutex; struct delayed_work hotplug_task; struct work_struct scsi_rescan_task; unsigned int hsm_task_state; u32 msg_enable; struct list_head eh_done_q; wait_queue_head_t eh_wait_q; int eh_tries; struct completion park_req_pending; pm_message_t pm_mesg; enum ata_lpm_policy target_lpm_policy; struct timer_list fastdrain_timer; unsigned long fastdrain_cnt; async_cookie_t cookie; int em_message_type; void *private_data; #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_ACPI struct ata_acpi_gtm __acpi_init_gtm; /* use ata_acpi_init_gtm() */ #endif /* owned by EH */ u8 sector_buf[ATA_SECT_SIZE] ____cacheline_aligned; }; /* The following initializer overrides a method to NULL whether one of * its parent has the method defined or not. This is equivalent to * ERR_PTR(-ENOENT). Unfortunately, ERR_PTR doesn't render a constant * expression and thus can't be used as an initializer. */ #define ATA_OP_NULL (void *)(unsigned long)(-ENOENT) struct ata_port_operations { /* * Command execution */ int (*qc_defer)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); int (*check_atapi_dma)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); enum ata_completion_errors (*qc_prep)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); unsigned int (*qc_issue)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); bool (*qc_fill_rtf)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); /* * Configuration and exception handling */ int (*cable_detect)(struct ata_port *ap); unsigned long (*mode_filter)(struct ata_device *dev, unsigned long xfer_mask); void (*set_piomode)(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_device *dev); void (*set_dmamode)(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_device *dev); int (*set_mode)(struct ata_link *link, struct ata_device **r_failed_dev); unsigned int (*read_id)(struct ata_device *dev, struct ata_taskfile *tf, u16 *id); void (*dev_config)(struct ata_device *dev); void (*freeze)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*thaw)(struct ata_port *ap); ata_prereset_fn_t prereset; ata_reset_fn_t softreset; ata_reset_fn_t hardreset; ata_postreset_fn_t postreset; ata_prereset_fn_t pmp_prereset; ata_reset_fn_t pmp_softreset; ata_reset_fn_t pmp_hardreset; ata_postreset_fn_t pmp_postreset; void (*error_handler)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*lost_interrupt)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*post_internal_cmd)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); void (*sched_eh)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*end_eh)(struct ata_port *ap); /* * Optional features */ int (*scr_read)(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int sc_reg, u32 *val); int (*scr_write)(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int sc_reg, u32 val); void (*pmp_attach)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*pmp_detach)(struct ata_port *ap); int (*set_lpm)(struct ata_link *link, enum ata_lpm_policy policy, unsigned hints); /* * Start, stop, suspend and resume */ int (*port_suspend)(struct ata_port *ap, pm_message_t mesg); int (*port_resume)(struct ata_port *ap); int (*port_start)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*port_stop)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*host_stop)(struct ata_host *host); #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_SFF /* * SFF / taskfile oriented ops */ void (*sff_dev_select)(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int device); void (*sff_set_devctl)(struct ata_port *ap, u8 ctl); u8 (*sff_check_status)(struct ata_port *ap); u8 (*sff_check_altstatus)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*sff_tf_load)(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_taskfile *tf); void (*sff_tf_read)(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_taskfile *tf); void (*sff_exec_command)(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_taskfile *tf); unsigned int (*sff_data_xfer)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc, unsigned char *buf, unsigned int buflen, int rw); void (*sff_irq_on)(struct ata_port *); bool (*sff_irq_check)(struct ata_port *); void (*sff_irq_clear)(struct ata_port *); void (*sff_drain_fifo)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA void (*bmdma_setup)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); void (*bmdma_start)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); void (*bmdma_stop)(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); u8 (*bmdma_status)(struct ata_port *ap); #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA */ #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_SFF */ ssize_t (*em_show)(struct ata_port *ap, char *buf); ssize_t (*em_store)(struct ata_port *ap, const char *message, size_t size); ssize_t (*sw_activity_show)(struct ata_device *dev, char *buf); ssize_t (*sw_activity_store)(struct ata_device *dev, enum sw_activity val); ssize_t (*transmit_led_message)(struct ata_port *ap, u32 state, ssize_t size); /* * Obsolete */ void (*phy_reset)(struct ata_port *ap); void (*eng_timeout)(struct ata_port *ap); /* * ->inherits must be the last field and all the preceding * fields must be pointers. */ const struct ata_port_operations *inherits; }; struct ata_port_info { unsigned long flags; unsigned long link_flags; unsigned long pio_mask; unsigned long mwdma_mask; unsigned long udma_mask; struct ata_port_operations *port_ops; void *private_data; }; struct ata_timing { unsigned short mode; /* ATA mode */ unsigned short setup; /* t1 */ unsigned short act8b; /* t2 for 8-bit I/O */ unsigned short rec8b; /* t2i for 8-bit I/O */ unsigned short cyc8b; /* t0 for 8-bit I/O */ unsigned short active; /* t2 or tD */ unsigned short recover; /* t2i or tK */ unsigned short dmack_hold; /* tj */ unsigned short cycle; /* t0 */ unsigned short udma; /* t2CYCTYP/2 */ }; /* * Core layer - drivers/ata/libata-core.c */ extern struct ata_port_operations ata_dummy_port_ops; extern const struct ata_port_info ata_dummy_port_info; static inline bool ata_is_atapi(u8 prot) { return prot & ATA_PROT_FLAG_ATAPI; } static inline bool ata_is_pio(u8 prot) { return prot & ATA_PROT_FLAG_PIO; } static inline bool ata_is_dma(u8 prot) { return prot & ATA_PROT_FLAG_DMA; } static inline bool ata_is_ncq(u8 prot) { return prot & ATA_PROT_FLAG_NCQ; } static inline bool ata_is_data(u8 prot) { return prot & (ATA_PROT_FLAG_PIO | ATA_PROT_FLAG_DMA); } static inline int is_multi_taskfile(struct ata_taskfile *tf) { return (tf->command == ATA_CMD_READ_MULTI) || (tf->command == ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI) || (tf->command == ATA_CMD_READ_MULTI_EXT) || (tf->command == ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI_EXT) || (tf->command == ATA_CMD_WRITE_MULTI_FUA_EXT); } static inline int ata_port_is_dummy(struct ata_port *ap) { return ap->ops == &ata_dummy_port_ops; } extern int ata_std_prereset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long deadline); extern int ata_wait_after_reset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long deadline, int (*check_ready)(struct ata_link *link)); extern int sata_std_hardreset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *class, unsigned long deadline); extern void ata_std_postreset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *classes); extern struct ata_host *ata_host_alloc(struct device *dev, int max_ports); extern struct ata_host *ata_host_alloc_pinfo(struct device *dev, const struct ata_port_info * const * ppi, int n_ports); extern void ata_host_get(struct ata_host *host); extern void ata_host_put(struct ata_host *host); extern int ata_host_start(struct ata_host *host); extern int ata_host_register(struct ata_host *host, struct scsi_host_template *sht); extern int ata_host_activate(struct ata_host *host, int irq, irq_handler_t irq_handler, unsigned long irq_flags, struct scsi_host_template *sht); extern void ata_host_detach(struct ata_host *host); extern void ata_host_init(struct ata_host *, struct device *, struct ata_port_operations *); extern int ata_scsi_detect(struct scsi_host_template *sht); extern int ata_scsi_ioctl(struct scsi_device *dev, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT #define ATA_SCSI_COMPAT_IOCTL .compat_ioctl = ata_scsi_ioctl, #else #define ATA_SCSI_COMPAT_IOCTL /* empty */ #endif extern int ata_scsi_queuecmd(struct Scsi_Host *h, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); #if IS_REACHABLE(CONFIG_ATA) bool ata_scsi_dma_need_drain(struct request *rq); #else #define ata_scsi_dma_need_drain NULL #endif extern int ata_sas_scsi_ioctl(struct ata_port *ap, struct scsi_device *dev, unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg); extern bool ata_link_online(struct ata_link *link); extern bool ata_link_offline(struct ata_link *link); #ifdef CONFIG_PM extern int ata_host_suspend(struct ata_host *host, pm_message_t mesg); extern void ata_host_resume(struct ata_host *host); extern void ata_sas_port_suspend(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sas_port_resume(struct ata_port *ap); #else static inline void ata_sas_port_suspend(struct ata_port *ap) { } static inline void ata_sas_port_resume(struct ata_port *ap) { } #endif extern int ata_ratelimit(void); extern void ata_msleep(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int msecs); extern u32 ata_wait_register(struct ata_port *ap, void __iomem *reg, u32 mask, u32 val, unsigned long interval, unsigned long timeout); extern int atapi_cmd_type(u8 opcode); extern unsigned long ata_pack_xfermask(unsigned long pio_mask, unsigned long mwdma_mask, unsigned long udma_mask); extern void ata_unpack_xfermask(unsigned long xfer_mask, unsigned long *pio_mask, unsigned long *mwdma_mask, unsigned long *udma_mask); extern u8 ata_xfer_mask2mode(unsigned long xfer_mask); extern unsigned long ata_xfer_mode2mask(u8 xfer_mode); extern int ata_xfer_mode2shift(unsigned long xfer_mode); extern const char *ata_mode_string(unsigned long xfer_mask); extern unsigned long ata_id_xfermask(const u16 *id); extern int ata_std_qc_defer(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern enum ata_completion_errors ata_noop_qc_prep(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_sg_init(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc, struct scatterlist *sg, unsigned int n_elem); extern unsigned int ata_dev_classify(const struct ata_taskfile *tf); extern void ata_dev_disable(struct ata_device *adev); extern void ata_id_string(const u16 *id, unsigned char *s, unsigned int ofs, unsigned int len); extern void ata_id_c_string(const u16 *id, unsigned char *s, unsigned int ofs, unsigned int len); extern unsigned int ata_do_dev_read_id(struct ata_device *dev, struct ata_taskfile *tf, u16 *id); extern void ata_qc_complete(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern u64 ata_qc_get_active(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_scsi_simulate(struct ata_device *dev, struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); extern int ata_std_bios_param(struct scsi_device *sdev, struct block_device *bdev, sector_t capacity, int geom[]); extern void ata_scsi_unlock_native_capacity(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern int ata_scsi_slave_config(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern void ata_scsi_slave_destroy(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern int ata_scsi_change_queue_depth(struct scsi_device *sdev, int queue_depth); extern int __ata_change_queue_depth(struct ata_port *ap, struct scsi_device *sdev, int queue_depth); extern struct ata_device *ata_dev_pair(struct ata_device *adev); extern int ata_do_set_mode(struct ata_link *link, struct ata_device **r_failed_dev); extern void ata_scsi_port_error_handler(struct Scsi_Host *host, struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_scsi_cmd_error_handler(struct Scsi_Host *host, struct ata_port *ap, struct list_head *eh_q); /* * SATA specific code - drivers/ata/libata-sata.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_HOST extern const unsigned long sata_deb_timing_normal[]; extern const unsigned long sata_deb_timing_hotplug[]; extern const unsigned long sata_deb_timing_long[]; static inline const unsigned long * sata_ehc_deb_timing(struct ata_eh_context *ehc) { if (ehc->i.flags & ATA_EHI_HOTPLUGGED) return sata_deb_timing_hotplug; else return sata_deb_timing_normal; } extern int sata_scr_valid(struct ata_link *link); extern int sata_scr_read(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 *val); extern int sata_scr_write(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 val); extern int sata_scr_write_flush(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 val); extern int sata_set_spd(struct ata_link *link); extern int sata_link_hardreset(struct ata_link *link, const unsigned long *timing, unsigned long deadline, bool *online, int (*check_ready)(struct ata_link *)); extern int sata_link_resume(struct ata_link *link, const unsigned long *params, unsigned long deadline); extern void ata_eh_analyze_ncq_error(struct ata_link *link); #else static inline const unsigned long * sata_ehc_deb_timing(struct ata_eh_context *ehc) { return NULL; } static inline int sata_scr_valid(struct ata_link *link) { return 0; } static inline int sata_scr_read(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 *val) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int sata_scr_write(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 val) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int sata_scr_write_flush(struct ata_link *link, int reg, u32 val) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int sata_set_spd(struct ata_link *link) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int sata_link_hardreset(struct ata_link *link, const unsigned long *timing, unsigned long deadline, bool *online, int (*check_ready)(struct ata_link *)) { if (online) *online = false; return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int sata_link_resume(struct ata_link *link, const unsigned long *params, unsigned long deadline) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline void ata_eh_analyze_ncq_error(struct ata_link *link) { } #endif extern int sata_link_debounce(struct ata_link *link, const unsigned long *params, unsigned long deadline); extern int sata_link_scr_lpm(struct ata_link *link, enum ata_lpm_policy policy, bool spm_wakeup); extern int ata_slave_link_init(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sas_port_destroy(struct ata_port *); extern struct ata_port *ata_sas_port_alloc(struct ata_host *, struct ata_port_info *, struct Scsi_Host *); extern void ata_sas_async_probe(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sas_sync_probe(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sas_port_init(struct ata_port *); extern int ata_sas_port_start(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sas_tport_add(struct device *parent, struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sas_tport_delete(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sas_port_stop(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sas_slave_configure(struct scsi_device *, struct ata_port *); extern int ata_sas_queuecmd(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_tf_to_fis(const struct ata_taskfile *tf, u8 pmp, int is_cmd, u8 *fis); extern void ata_tf_from_fis(const u8 *fis, struct ata_taskfile *tf); extern int ata_qc_complete_multiple(struct ata_port *ap, u64 qc_active); extern bool sata_lpm_ignore_phy_events(struct ata_link *link); extern int sata_async_notification(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_cable_40wire(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_cable_80wire(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_cable_sata(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_cable_ignore(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_cable_unknown(struct ata_port *ap); /* Timing helpers */ extern unsigned int ata_pio_need_iordy(const struct ata_device *); extern u8 ata_timing_cycle2mode(unsigned int xfer_shift, int cycle); /* PCI */ #ifdef CONFIG_PCI struct pci_dev; struct pci_bits { unsigned int reg; /* PCI config register to read */ unsigned int width; /* 1 (8 bit), 2 (16 bit), 4 (32 bit) */ unsigned long mask; unsigned long val; }; extern int pci_test_config_bits(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct pci_bits *bits); extern void ata_pci_shutdown_one(struct pci_dev *pdev); extern void ata_pci_remove_one(struct pci_dev *pdev); #ifdef CONFIG_PM extern void ata_pci_device_do_suspend(struct pci_dev *pdev, pm_message_t mesg); extern int __must_check ata_pci_device_do_resume(struct pci_dev *pdev); extern int ata_pci_device_suspend(struct pci_dev *pdev, pm_message_t mesg); extern int ata_pci_device_resume(struct pci_dev *pdev); #endif /* CONFIG_PM */ #endif /* CONFIG_PCI */ struct platform_device; extern int ata_platform_remove_one(struct platform_device *pdev); /* * ACPI - drivers/ata/libata-acpi.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_ACPI static inline const struct ata_acpi_gtm *ata_acpi_init_gtm(struct ata_port *ap) { if (ap->pflags & ATA_PFLAG_INIT_GTM_VALID) return &ap->__acpi_init_gtm; return NULL; } int ata_acpi_stm(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_acpi_gtm *stm); int ata_acpi_gtm(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_acpi_gtm *stm); unsigned long ata_acpi_gtm_xfermask(struct ata_device *dev, const struct ata_acpi_gtm *gtm); int ata_acpi_cbl_80wire(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_acpi_gtm *gtm); #else static inline const struct ata_acpi_gtm *ata_acpi_init_gtm(struct ata_port *ap) { return NULL; } static inline int ata_acpi_stm(const struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_acpi_gtm *stm) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int ata_acpi_gtm(const struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_acpi_gtm *stm) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline unsigned int ata_acpi_gtm_xfermask(struct ata_device *dev, const struct ata_acpi_gtm *gtm) { return 0; } static inline int ata_acpi_cbl_80wire(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_acpi_gtm *gtm) { return 0; } #endif /* * EH - drivers/ata/libata-eh.c */ extern void ata_port_schedule_eh(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_port_wait_eh(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_link_abort(struct ata_link *link); extern int ata_port_abort(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_port_freeze(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_eh_freeze_port(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_eh_thaw_port(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_eh_qc_complete(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_eh_qc_retry(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_do_eh(struct ata_port *ap, ata_prereset_fn_t prereset, ata_reset_fn_t softreset, ata_reset_fn_t hardreset, ata_postreset_fn_t postreset); extern void ata_std_error_handler(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_std_sched_eh(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_std_end_eh(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_link_nr_enabled(struct ata_link *link); /* * Base operations to inherit from and initializers for sht * * Operations * * base : Common to all libata drivers. * sata : SATA controllers w/ native interface. * pmp : SATA controllers w/ PMP support. * sff : SFF ATA controllers w/o BMDMA support. * bmdma : SFF ATA controllers w/ BMDMA support. * * sht initializers * * BASE : Common to all libata drivers. The user must set * sg_tablesize and dma_boundary. * PIO : SFF ATA controllers w/ only PIO support. * BMDMA : SFF ATA controllers w/ BMDMA support. sg_tablesize and * dma_boundary are set to BMDMA limits. * NCQ : SATA controllers supporting NCQ. The user must set * sg_tablesize, dma_boundary and can_queue. */ extern const struct ata_port_operations ata_base_port_ops; extern const struct ata_port_operations sata_port_ops; extern struct device_attribute *ata_common_sdev_attrs[]; /* * All sht initializers (BASE, PIO, BMDMA, NCQ) must be instantiated * by the edge drivers. Because the 'module' field of sht must be the * edge driver's module reference, otherwise the driver can be unloaded * even if the scsi_device is being accessed. */ #define __ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name) \ .module = THIS_MODULE, \ .name = drv_name, \ .ioctl = ata_scsi_ioctl, \ ATA_SCSI_COMPAT_IOCTL \ .queuecommand = ata_scsi_queuecmd, \ .dma_need_drain = ata_scsi_dma_need_drain, \ .can_queue = ATA_DEF_QUEUE, \ .tag_alloc_policy = BLK_TAG_ALLOC_RR, \ .this_id = ATA_SHT_THIS_ID, \ .emulated = ATA_SHT_EMULATED, \ .proc_name = drv_name, \ .slave_configure = ata_scsi_slave_config, \ .slave_destroy = ata_scsi_slave_destroy, \ .bios_param = ata_std_bios_param, \ .unlock_native_capacity = ata_scsi_unlock_native_capacity #define ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name) \ __ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name), \ .sdev_attrs = ata_common_sdev_attrs #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_HOST extern struct device_attribute *ata_ncq_sdev_attrs[]; #define ATA_NCQ_SHT(drv_name) \ __ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name), \ .sdev_attrs = ata_ncq_sdev_attrs, \ .change_queue_depth = ata_scsi_change_queue_depth #endif /* * PMP helpers */ #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_PMP static inline bool sata_pmp_supported(struct ata_port *ap) { return ap->flags & ATA_FLAG_PMP; } static inline bool sata_pmp_attached(struct ata_port *ap) { return ap->nr_pmp_links != 0; } static inline bool ata_is_host_link(const struct ata_link *link) { return link == &link->ap->link || link == link->ap->slave_link; } #else /* CONFIG_SATA_PMP */ static inline bool sata_pmp_supported(struct ata_port *ap) { return false; } static inline bool sata_pmp_attached(struct ata_port *ap) { return false; } static inline bool ata_is_host_link(const struct ata_link *link) { return 1; } #endif /* CONFIG_SATA_PMP */ static inline int sata_srst_pmp(struct ata_link *link) { if (sata_pmp_supported(link->ap) && ata_is_host_link(link)) return SATA_PMP_CTRL_PORT; return link->pmp; } /* * printk helpers */ __printf(3, 4) void ata_port_printk(const struct ata_port *ap, const char *level, const char *fmt, ...); __printf(3, 4) void ata_link_printk(const struct ata_link *link, const char *level, const char *fmt, ...); __printf(3, 4) void ata_dev_printk(const struct ata_device *dev, const char *level, const char *fmt, ...); #define ata_port_err(ap, fmt, ...) \ ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_ERR, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_port_warn(ap, fmt, ...) \ ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_WARNING, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_port_notice(ap, fmt, ...) \ ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_NOTICE, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_port_info(ap, fmt, ...) \ ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_INFO, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_port_dbg(ap, fmt, ...) \ ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_DEBUG, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_link_err(link, fmt, ...) \ ata_link_printk(link, KERN_ERR, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_link_warn(link, fmt, ...) \ ata_link_printk(link, KERN_WARNING, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_link_notice(link, fmt, ...) \ ata_link_printk(link, KERN_NOTICE, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_link_info(link, fmt, ...) \ ata_link_printk(link, KERN_INFO, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_link_dbg(link, fmt, ...) \ ata_link_printk(link, KERN_DEBUG, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_dev_err(dev, fmt, ...) \ ata_dev_printk(dev, KERN_ERR, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_dev_warn(dev, fmt, ...) \ ata_dev_printk(dev, KERN_WARNING, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_dev_notice(dev, fmt, ...) \ ata_dev_printk(dev, KERN_NOTICE, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_dev_info(dev, fmt, ...) \ ata_dev_printk(dev, KERN_INFO, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ata_dev_dbg(dev, fmt, ...) \ ata_dev_printk(dev, KERN_DEBUG, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) void ata_print_version(const struct device *dev, const char *version); /* * ata_eh_info helpers */ extern __printf(2, 3) void __ata_ehi_push_desc(struct ata_eh_info *ehi, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(2, 3) void ata_ehi_push_desc(struct ata_eh_info *ehi, const char *fmt, ...); extern void ata_ehi_clear_desc(struct ata_eh_info *ehi); static inline void ata_ehi_hotplugged(struct ata_eh_info *ehi) { ehi->probe_mask |= (1 << ATA_MAX_DEVICES) - 1; ehi->flags |= ATA_EHI_HOTPLUGGED; ehi->action |= ATA_EH_RESET | ATA_EH_ENABLE_LINK; ehi->err_mask |= AC_ERR_ATA_BUS; } /* * port description helpers */ extern __printf(2, 3) void ata_port_desc(struct ata_port *ap, const char *fmt, ...); #ifdef CONFIG_PCI extern void ata_port_pbar_desc(struct ata_port *ap, int bar, ssize_t offset, const char *name); #endif static inline bool ata_tag_internal(unsigned int tag) { return tag == ATA_TAG_INTERNAL; } static inline bool ata_tag_valid(unsigned int tag) { return tag < ATA_MAX_QUEUE || ata_tag_internal(tag); } #define __ata_qc_for_each(ap, qc, tag, max_tag, fn) \ for ((tag) = 0; (tag) < (max_tag) && \ ({ qc = fn((ap), (tag)); 1; }); (tag)++) \ /* * Internal use only, iterate commands ignoring error handling and * status of 'qc'. */ #define ata_qc_for_each_raw(ap, qc, tag) \ __ata_qc_for_each(ap, qc, tag, ATA_MAX_QUEUE, __ata_qc_from_tag) /* * Iterate all potential commands that can be queued */ #define ata_qc_for_each(ap, qc, tag) \ __ata_qc_for_each(ap, qc, tag, ATA_MAX_QUEUE, ata_qc_from_tag) /* * Like ata_qc_for_each, but with the internal tag included */ #define ata_qc_for_each_with_internal(ap, qc, tag) \ __ata_qc_for_each(ap, qc, tag, ATA_MAX_QUEUE + 1, ata_qc_from_tag) /* * device helpers */ static inline unsigned int ata_class_enabled(unsigned int class) { return class == ATA_DEV_ATA || class == ATA_DEV_ATAPI || class == ATA_DEV_PMP || class == ATA_DEV_SEMB || class == ATA_DEV_ZAC; } static inline unsigned int ata_class_disabled(unsigned int class) { return class == ATA_DEV_ATA_UNSUP || class == ATA_DEV_ATAPI_UNSUP || class == ATA_DEV_PMP_UNSUP || class == ATA_DEV_SEMB_UNSUP || class == ATA_DEV_ZAC_UNSUP; } static inline unsigned int ata_class_absent(unsigned int class) { return !ata_class_enabled(class) && !ata_class_disabled(class); } static inline unsigned int ata_dev_enabled(const struct ata_device *dev) { return ata_class_enabled(dev->class); } static inline unsigned int ata_dev_disabled(const struct ata_device *dev) { return ata_class_disabled(dev->class); } static inline unsigned int ata_dev_absent(const struct ata_device *dev) { return ata_class_absent(dev->class); } /* * link helpers */ static inline int ata_link_max_devices(const struct ata_link *link) { if (ata_is_host_link(link) && link->ap->flags & ATA_FLAG_SLAVE_POSS) return 2; return 1; } static inline int ata_link_active(struct ata_link *link) { return ata_tag_valid(link->active_tag) || link->sactive; } /* * Iterators * * ATA_LITER_* constants are used to select link iteration mode and * ATA_DITER_* device iteration mode. * * For a custom iteration directly using ata_{link|dev}_next(), if * @link or @dev, respectively, is NULL, the first element is * returned. @dev and @link can be any valid device or link and the * next element according to the iteration mode will be returned. * After the last element, NULL is returned. */ enum ata_link_iter_mode { ATA_LITER_EDGE, /* if present, PMP links only; otherwise, * host link. no slave link */ ATA_LITER_HOST_FIRST, /* host link followed by PMP or slave links */ ATA_LITER_PMP_FIRST, /* PMP links followed by host link, * slave link still comes after host link */ }; enum ata_dev_iter_mode { ATA_DITER_ENABLED, ATA_DITER_ENABLED_REVERSE, ATA_DITER_ALL, ATA_DITER_ALL_REVERSE, }; extern struct ata_link *ata_link_next(struct ata_link *link, struct ata_port *ap, enum ata_link_iter_mode mode); extern struct ata_device *ata_dev_next(struct ata_device *dev, struct ata_link *link, enum ata_dev_iter_mode mode); /* * Shortcut notation for iterations * * ata_for_each_link() iterates over each link of @ap according to * @mode. @link points to the current link in the loop. @link is * NULL after loop termination. ata_for_each_dev() works the same way * except that it iterates over each device of @link. * * Note that the mode prefixes ATA_{L|D}ITER_ shouldn't need to be * specified when using the following shorthand notations. Only the * mode itself (EDGE, HOST_FIRST, ENABLED, etc...) should be * specified. This not only increases brevity but also makes it * impossible to use ATA_LITER_* for device iteration or vice-versa. */ #define ata_for_each_link(link, ap, mode) \ for ((link) = ata_link_next(NULL, (ap), ATA_LITER_##mode); (link); \ (link) = ata_link_next((link), (ap), ATA_LITER_##mode)) #define ata_for_each_dev(dev, link, mode) \ for ((dev) = ata_dev_next(NULL, (link), ATA_DITER_##mode); (dev); \ (dev) = ata_dev_next((dev), (link), ATA_DITER_##mode)) /** * ata_ncq_enabled - Test whether NCQ is enabled * @dev: ATA device to test for * * LOCKING: * spin_lock_irqsave(host lock) * * RETURNS: * 1 if NCQ is enabled for @dev, 0 otherwise. */ static inline int ata_ncq_enabled(struct ata_device *dev) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SATA_HOST)) return 0; return (dev->flags & (ATA_DFLAG_PIO | ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_OFF | ATA_DFLAG_NCQ)) == ATA_DFLAG_NCQ; } static inline bool ata_fpdma_dsm_supported(struct ata_device *dev) { return (dev->flags & ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_SEND_RECV) && (dev->ncq_send_recv_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_DSM_OFFSET] & ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_DSM_TRIM); } static inline bool ata_fpdma_read_log_supported(struct ata_device *dev) { return (dev->flags & ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_SEND_RECV) && (dev->ncq_send_recv_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_RD_LOG_OFFSET] & ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_RD_LOG_SUPPORTED); } static inline bool ata_fpdma_zac_mgmt_in_supported(struct ata_device *dev) { return (dev->flags & ATA_DFLAG_NCQ_SEND_RECV) && (dev->ncq_send_recv_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_ZAC_MGMT_OFFSET] & ATA_LOG_NCQ_SEND_RECV_ZAC_MGMT_IN_SUPPORTED); } static inline bool ata_fpdma_zac_mgmt_out_supported(struct ata_device *dev) { return (dev->ncq_non_data_cmds[ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ZAC_MGMT_OFFSET] & ATA_LOG_NCQ_NON_DATA_ZAC_MGMT_OUT); } static inline void ata_qc_set_polling(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc) { qc->tf.ctl |= ATA_NIEN; } static inline struct ata_queued_cmd *__ata_qc_from_tag(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int tag) { if (ata_tag_valid(tag)) return &ap->qcmd[tag]; return NULL; } static inline struct ata_queued_cmd *ata_qc_from_tag(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int tag) { struct ata_queued_cmd *qc = __ata_qc_from_tag(ap, tag); if (unlikely(!qc) || !ap->ops->error_handler) return qc; if ((qc->flags & (ATA_QCFLAG_ACTIVE | ATA_QCFLAG_FAILED)) == ATA_QCFLAG_ACTIVE) return qc; return NULL; } static inline unsigned int ata_qc_raw_nbytes(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc) { return qc->nbytes - min(qc->extrabytes, qc->nbytes); } static inline void ata_tf_init(struct ata_device *dev, struct ata_taskfile *tf) { memset(tf, 0, sizeof(*tf)); #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_SFF tf->ctl = dev->link->ap->ctl; #else tf->ctl = ATA_DEVCTL_OBS; #endif if (dev->devno == 0) tf->device = ATA_DEVICE_OBS; else tf->device = ATA_DEVICE_OBS | ATA_DEV1; } static inline void ata_qc_reinit(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc) { qc->dma_dir = DMA_NONE; qc->sg = NULL; qc->flags = 0; qc->cursg = NULL; qc->cursg_ofs = 0; qc->nbytes = qc->extrabytes = qc->curbytes = 0; qc->n_elem = 0; qc->err_mask = 0; qc->sect_size = ATA_SECT_SIZE; ata_tf_init(qc->dev, &qc->tf); /* init result_tf such that it indicates normal completion */ qc->result_tf.command = ATA_DRDY; qc->result_tf.feature = 0; } static inline int ata_try_flush_cache(const struct ata_device *dev) { return ata_id_wcache_enabled(dev->id) || ata_id_has_flush(dev->id) || ata_id_has_flush_ext(dev->id); } static inline unsigned int ac_err_mask(u8 status) { if (status & (ATA_BUSY | ATA_DRQ)) return AC_ERR_HSM; if (status & (ATA_ERR | ATA_DF)) return AC_ERR_DEV; return 0; } static inline unsigned int __ac_err_mask(u8 status) { unsigned int mask = ac_err_mask(status); if (mask == 0) return AC_ERR_OTHER; return mask; } static inline struct ata_port *ata_shost_to_port(struct Scsi_Host *host) { return *(struct ata_port **)&host->hostdata[0]; } static inline int ata_check_ready(u8 status) { if (!(status & ATA_BUSY)) return 1; /* 0xff indicates either no device or device not ready */ if (status == 0xff) return -ENODEV; return 0; } static inline unsigned long ata_deadline(unsigned long from_jiffies, unsigned long timeout_msecs) { return from_jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(timeout_msecs); } /* Don't open code these in drivers as there are traps. Firstly the range may change in future hardware and specs, secondly 0xFF means 'no DMA' but is > UDMA_0. Dyma ddreigiau */ static inline int ata_using_mwdma(struct ata_device *adev) { if (adev->dma_mode >= XFER_MW_DMA_0 && adev->dma_mode <= XFER_MW_DMA_4) return 1; return 0; } static inline int ata_using_udma(struct ata_device *adev) { if (adev->dma_mode >= XFER_UDMA_0 && adev->dma_mode <= XFER_UDMA_7) return 1; return 0; } static inline int ata_dma_enabled(struct ata_device *adev) { return (adev->dma_mode == 0xFF ? 0 : 1); } /************************************************************************** * PATA timings - drivers/ata/libata-pata-timings.c */ extern const struct ata_timing *ata_timing_find_mode(u8 xfer_mode); extern int ata_timing_compute(struct ata_device *, unsigned short, struct ata_timing *, int, int); extern void ata_timing_merge(const struct ata_timing *, const struct ata_timing *, struct ata_timing *, unsigned int); /************************************************************************** * PMP - drivers/ata/libata-pmp.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_SATA_PMP extern const struct ata_port_operations sata_pmp_port_ops; extern int sata_pmp_qc_defer_cmd_switch(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void sata_pmp_error_handler(struct ata_port *ap); #else /* CONFIG_SATA_PMP */ #define sata_pmp_port_ops sata_port_ops #define sata_pmp_qc_defer_cmd_switch ata_std_qc_defer #define sata_pmp_error_handler ata_std_error_handler #endif /* CONFIG_SATA_PMP */ /************************************************************************** * SFF - drivers/ata/libata-sff.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_SFF extern const struct ata_port_operations ata_sff_port_ops; extern const struct ata_port_operations ata_bmdma32_port_ops; /* PIO only, sg_tablesize and dma_boundary limits can be removed */ #define ATA_PIO_SHT(drv_name) \ ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name), \ .sg_tablesize = LIBATA_MAX_PRD, \ .dma_boundary = ATA_DMA_BOUNDARY extern void ata_sff_dev_select(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int device); extern u8 ata_sff_check_status(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_pause(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_dma_pause(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sff_busy_sleep(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned long timeout_pat, unsigned long timeout); extern int ata_sff_wait_ready(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long deadline); extern void ata_sff_tf_load(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_taskfile *tf); extern void ata_sff_tf_read(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_taskfile *tf); extern void ata_sff_exec_command(struct ata_port *ap, const struct ata_taskfile *tf); extern unsigned int ata_sff_data_xfer(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc, unsigned char *buf, unsigned int buflen, int rw); extern unsigned int ata_sff_data_xfer32(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc, unsigned char *buf, unsigned int buflen, int rw); extern void ata_sff_irq_on(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_irq_clear(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sff_hsm_move(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_queued_cmd *qc, u8 status, int in_wq); extern void ata_sff_queue_work(struct work_struct *work); extern void ata_sff_queue_delayed_work(struct delayed_work *dwork, unsigned long delay); extern void ata_sff_queue_pio_task(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long delay); extern unsigned int ata_sff_qc_issue(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern bool ata_sff_qc_fill_rtf(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern unsigned int ata_sff_port_intr(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern irqreturn_t ata_sff_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_instance); extern void ata_sff_lost_interrupt(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_freeze(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_thaw(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_sff_prereset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned long deadline); extern unsigned int ata_sff_dev_classify(struct ata_device *dev, int present, u8 *r_err); extern int ata_sff_wait_after_reset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int devmask, unsigned long deadline); extern int ata_sff_softreset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *classes, unsigned long deadline); extern int sata_sff_hardreset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *class, unsigned long deadline); extern void ata_sff_postreset(struct ata_link *link, unsigned int *classes); extern void ata_sff_drain_fifo(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_sff_error_handler(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_sff_std_ports(struct ata_ioports *ioaddr); #ifdef CONFIG_PCI extern int ata_pci_sff_init_host(struct ata_host *host); extern int ata_pci_sff_prepare_host(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct ata_port_info * const * ppi, struct ata_host **r_host); extern int ata_pci_sff_activate_host(struct ata_host *host, irq_handler_t irq_handler, struct scsi_host_template *sht); extern int ata_pci_sff_init_one(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct ata_port_info * const * ppi, struct scsi_host_template *sht, void *host_priv, int hflags); #endif /* CONFIG_PCI */ #ifdef CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA extern const struct ata_port_operations ata_bmdma_port_ops; #define ATA_BMDMA_SHT(drv_name) \ ATA_BASE_SHT(drv_name), \ .sg_tablesize = LIBATA_MAX_PRD, \ .dma_boundary = ATA_DMA_BOUNDARY extern enum ata_completion_errors ata_bmdma_qc_prep(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern unsigned int ata_bmdma_qc_issue(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern enum ata_completion_errors ata_bmdma_dumb_qc_prep(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern unsigned int ata_bmdma_port_intr(struct ata_port *ap, struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern irqreturn_t ata_bmdma_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_instance); extern void ata_bmdma_error_handler(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_bmdma_post_internal_cmd(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_bmdma_irq_clear(struct ata_port *ap); extern void ata_bmdma_setup(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_bmdma_start(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern void ata_bmdma_stop(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc); extern u8 ata_bmdma_status(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_bmdma_port_start(struct ata_port *ap); extern int ata_bmdma_port_start32(struct ata_port *ap); #ifdef CONFIG_PCI extern int ata_pci_bmdma_clear_simplex(struct pci_dev *pdev); extern void ata_pci_bmdma_init(struct ata_host *host); extern int ata_pci_bmdma_prepare_host(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct ata_port_info * const * ppi, struct ata_host **r_host); extern int ata_pci_bmdma_init_one(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct ata_port_info * const * ppi, struct scsi_host_template *sht, void *host_priv, int hflags); #endif /* CONFIG_PCI */ #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_BMDMA */ /** * ata_sff_busy_wait - Wait for a port status register * @ap: Port to wait for. * @bits: bits that must be clear * @max: number of 10uS waits to perform * * Waits up to max*10 microseconds for the selected bits in the port's * status register to be cleared. * Returns final value of status register. * * LOCKING: * Inherited from caller. */ static inline u8 ata_sff_busy_wait(struct ata_port *ap, unsigned int bits, unsigned int max) { u8 status; do { udelay(10); status = ap->ops->sff_check_status(ap); max--; } while (status != 0xff && (status & bits) && (max > 0)); return status; } /** * ata_wait_idle - Wait for a port to be idle. * @ap: Port to wait for. * * Waits up to 10ms for port's BUSY and DRQ signals to clear. * Returns final value of status register. * * LOCKING: * Inherited from caller. */ static inline u8 ata_wait_idle(struct ata_port *ap) { u8 status = ata_sff_busy_wait(ap, ATA_BUSY | ATA_DRQ, 1000); #ifdef ATA_DEBUG if (status != 0xff && (status & (ATA_BUSY | ATA_DRQ))) ata_port_printk(ap, KERN_DEBUG, "abnormal Status 0x%X\n", status); #endif return status; } #endif /* CONFIG_ATA_SFF */ #endif /* __LINUX_LIBATA_H__ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_DST_METADATA_H #define __NET_DST_METADATA_H 1 #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/ip_tunnels.h> #include <net/dst.h> enum metadata_type { METADATA_IP_TUNNEL, METADATA_HW_PORT_MUX, }; struct hw_port_info { struct net_device *lower_dev; u32 port_id; }; struct metadata_dst { struct dst_entry dst; enum metadata_type type; union { struct ip_tunnel_info tun_info; struct hw_port_info port_info; } u; }; static inline struct metadata_dst *skb_metadata_dst(const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct metadata_dst *md_dst = (struct metadata_dst *) skb_dst(skb); if (md_dst && md_dst->dst.flags & DST_METADATA) return md_dst; return NULL; } static inline struct ip_tunnel_info * skb_tunnel_info(const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct metadata_dst *md_dst = skb_metadata_dst(skb); struct dst_entry *dst; if (md_dst && md_dst->type == METADATA_IP_TUNNEL) return &md_dst->u.tun_info; dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->lwtstate && (dst->lwtstate->type == LWTUNNEL_ENCAP_IP || dst->lwtstate->type == LWTUNNEL_ENCAP_IP6)) return lwt_tun_info(dst->lwtstate); return NULL; } static inline bool skb_valid_dst(const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); return dst && !(dst->flags & DST_METADATA); } static inline int skb_metadata_dst_cmp(const struct sk_buff *skb_a, const struct sk_buff *skb_b) { const struct metadata_dst *a, *b; if (!(skb_a->_skb_refdst | skb_b->_skb_refdst)) return 0; a = (const struct metadata_dst *) skb_dst(skb_a); b = (const struct metadata_dst *) skb_dst(skb_b); if (!a != !b || a->type != b->type) return 1; switch (a->type) { case METADATA_HW_PORT_MUX: return memcmp(&a->u.port_info, &b->u.port_info, sizeof(a->u.port_info)); case METADATA_IP_TUNNEL: return memcmp(&a->u.tun_info, &b->u.tun_info, sizeof(a->u.tun_info) + a->u.tun_info.options_len); default: return 1; } } void metadata_dst_free(struct metadata_dst *); struct metadata_dst *metadata_dst_alloc(u8 optslen, enum metadata_type type, gfp_t flags); void metadata_dst_free_percpu(struct metadata_dst __percpu *md_dst); struct metadata_dst __percpu * metadata_dst_alloc_percpu(u8 optslen, enum metadata_type type, gfp_t flags); static inline struct metadata_dst *tun_rx_dst(int md_size) { struct metadata_dst *tun_dst; tun_dst = metadata_dst_alloc(md_size, METADATA_IP_TUNNEL, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!tun_dst) return NULL; tun_dst->u.tun_info.options_len = 0; tun_dst->u.tun_info.mode = 0; return tun_dst; } static inline struct metadata_dst *tun_dst_unclone(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct metadata_dst *md_dst = skb_metadata_dst(skb); int md_size; struct metadata_dst *new_md; if (!md_dst || md_dst->type != METADATA_IP_TUNNEL) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); md_size = md_dst->u.tun_info.options_len; new_md = metadata_dst_alloc(md_size, METADATA_IP_TUNNEL, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!new_md) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); memcpy(&new_md->u.tun_info, &md_dst->u.tun_info, sizeof(struct ip_tunnel_info) + md_size); skb_dst_drop(skb); dst_hold(&new_md->dst); skb_dst_set(skb, &new_md->dst); return new_md; } static inline struct ip_tunnel_info *skb_tunnel_info_unclone(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct metadata_dst *dst; dst = tun_dst_unclone(skb); if (IS_ERR(dst)) return NULL; return &dst->u.tun_info; } static inline struct metadata_dst *__ip_tun_set_dst(__be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __u8 tos, __u8 ttl, __be16 tp_dst, __be16 flags, __be64 tunnel_id, int md_size) { struct metadata_dst *tun_dst; tun_dst = tun_rx_dst(md_size); if (!tun_dst) return NULL; ip_tunnel_key_init(&tun_dst->u.tun_info.key, saddr, daddr, tos, ttl, 0, 0, tp_dst, tunnel_id, flags); return tun_dst; } static inline struct metadata_dst *ip_tun_rx_dst(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 flags, __be64 tunnel_id, int md_size) { const struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb); return __ip_tun_set_dst(iph->saddr, iph->daddr, iph->tos, iph->ttl, 0, flags, tunnel_id, md_size); } static inline struct metadata_dst *__ipv6_tun_set_dst(const struct in6_addr *saddr, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __u8 tos, __u8 ttl, __be16 tp_dst, __be32 label, __be16 flags, __be64 tunnel_id, int md_size) { struct metadata_dst *tun_dst; struct ip_tunnel_info *info; tun_dst = tun_rx_dst(md_size); if (!tun_dst) return NULL; info = &tun_dst->u.tun_info; info->mode = IP_TUNNEL_INFO_IPV6; info->key.tun_flags = flags; info->key.tun_id = tunnel_id; info->key.tp_src = 0; info->key.tp_dst = tp_dst; info->key.u.ipv6.src = *saddr; info->key.u.ipv6.dst = *daddr; info->key.tos = tos; info->key.ttl = ttl; info->key.label = label; return tun_dst; } static inline struct metadata_dst *ipv6_tun_rx_dst(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 flags, __be64 tunnel_id, int md_size) { const struct ipv6hdr *ip6h = ipv6_hdr(skb); return __ipv6_tun_set_dst(&ip6h->saddr, &ip6h->daddr, ipv6_get_dsfield(ip6h), ip6h->hop_limit, 0, ip6_flowlabel(ip6h), flags, tunnel_id, md_size); } #endif /* __NET_DST_METADATA_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_IP_TUNNELS_H #define __NET_IP_TUNNELS_H 1 #include <linux/if_tunnel.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/u64_stats_sync.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <net/dsfield.h> #include <net/gro_cells.h> #include <net/inet_ecn.h> #include <net/netns/generic.h> #include <net/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/lwtunnel.h> #include <net/dst_cache.h> #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <net/ip6_fib.h> #include <net/ip6_route.h> #endif /* Keep error state on tunnel for 30 sec */ #define IPTUNNEL_ERR_TIMEO (30*HZ) /* Used to memset ip_tunnel padding. */ #define IP_TUNNEL_KEY_SIZE offsetofend(struct ip_tunnel_key, tp_dst) /* Used to memset ipv4 address padding. */ #define IP_TUNNEL_KEY_IPV4_PAD offsetofend(struct ip_tunnel_key, u.ipv4.dst) #define IP_TUNNEL_KEY_IPV4_PAD_LEN \ (sizeof_field(struct ip_tunnel_key, u) - \ sizeof_field(struct ip_tunnel_key, u.ipv4)) struct ip_tunnel_key { __be64 tun_id; union { struct { __be32 src; __be32 dst; } ipv4; struct { struct in6_addr src; struct in6_addr dst; } ipv6; } u; __be16 tun_flags; u8 tos; /* TOS for IPv4, TC for IPv6 */ u8 ttl; /* TTL for IPv4, HL for IPv6 */ __be32 label; /* Flow Label for IPv6 */ __be16 tp_src; __be16 tp_dst; }; /* Flags for ip_tunnel_info mode. */ #define IP_TUNNEL_INFO_TX 0x01 /* represents tx tunnel parameters */ #define IP_TUNNEL_INFO_IPV6 0x02 /* key contains IPv6 addresses */ #define IP_TUNNEL_INFO_BRIDGE 0x04 /* represents a bridged tunnel id */ /* Maximum tunnel options length. */ #define IP_TUNNEL_OPTS_MAX \ GENMASK((sizeof_field(struct ip_tunnel_info, \ options_len) * BITS_PER_BYTE) - 1, 0) struct ip_tunnel_info { struct ip_tunnel_key key; #ifdef CONFIG_DST_CACHE struct dst_cache dst_cache; #endif u8 options_len; u8 mode; }; /* 6rd prefix/relay information */ #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SIT_6RD struct ip_tunnel_6rd_parm { struct in6_addr prefix; __be32 relay_prefix; u16 prefixlen; u16 relay_prefixlen; }; #endif struct ip_tunnel_encap { u16 type; u16 flags; __be16 sport; __be16 dport; }; struct ip_tunnel_prl_entry { struct ip_tunnel_prl_entry __rcu *next; __be32 addr; u16 flags; struct rcu_head rcu_head; }; struct metadata_dst; struct ip_tunnel { struct ip_tunnel __rcu *next; struct hlist_node hash_node; struct net_device *dev; struct net *net; /* netns for packet i/o */ unsigned long err_time; /* Time when the last ICMP error * arrived */ int err_count; /* Number of arrived ICMP errors */ /* These four fields used only by GRE */ u32 i_seqno; /* The last seen seqno */ u32 o_seqno; /* The last output seqno */ int tun_hlen; /* Precalculated header length */ /* These four fields used only by ERSPAN */ u32 index; /* ERSPAN type II index */ u8 erspan_ver; /* ERSPAN version */ u8 dir; /* ERSPAN direction */ u16 hwid; /* ERSPAN hardware ID */ struct dst_cache dst_cache; struct ip_tunnel_parm parms; int mlink; int encap_hlen; /* Encap header length (FOU,GUE) */ int hlen; /* tun_hlen + encap_hlen */ struct ip_tunnel_encap encap; /* for SIT */ #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SIT_6RD struct ip_tunnel_6rd_parm ip6rd; #endif struct ip_tunnel_prl_entry __rcu *prl; /* potential router list */ unsigned int prl_count; /* # of entries in PRL */ unsigned int ip_tnl_net_id; struct gro_cells gro_cells; __u32 fwmark; bool collect_md; bool ignore_df; }; struct tnl_ptk_info { __be16 flags; __be16 proto; __be32 key; __be32 seq; int hdr_len; }; #define PACKET_RCVD 0 #define PACKET_REJECT 1 #define PACKET_NEXT 2 #define IP_TNL_HASH_BITS 7 #define IP_TNL_HASH_SIZE (1 << IP_TNL_HASH_BITS) struct ip_tunnel_net { struct net_device *fb_tunnel_dev; struct rtnl_link_ops *rtnl_link_ops; struct hlist_head tunnels[IP_TNL_HASH_SIZE]; struct ip_tunnel __rcu *collect_md_tun; int type; }; static inline void ip_tunnel_key_init(struct ip_tunnel_key *key, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, u8 tos, u8 ttl, __be32 label, __be16 tp_src, __be16 tp_dst, __be64 tun_id, __be16 tun_flags) { key->tun_id = tun_id; key->u.ipv4.src = saddr; key->u.ipv4.dst = daddr; memset((unsigned char *)key + IP_TUNNEL_KEY_IPV4_PAD, 0, IP_TUNNEL_KEY_IPV4_PAD_LEN); key->tos = tos; key->ttl = ttl; key->label = label; key->tun_flags = tun_flags; /* For the tunnel types on the top of IPsec, the tp_src and tp_dst of * the upper tunnel are used. * E.g: GRE over IPSEC, the tp_src and tp_port are zero. */ key->tp_src = tp_src; key->tp_dst = tp_dst; /* Clear struct padding. */ if (sizeof(*key) != IP_TUNNEL_KEY_SIZE) memset((unsigned char *)key + IP_TUNNEL_KEY_SIZE, 0, sizeof(*key) - IP_TUNNEL_KEY_SIZE); } static inline bool ip_tunnel_dst_cache_usable(const struct sk_buff *skb, const struct ip_tunnel_info *info) { if (skb->mark) return false; if (!info) return true; if (info->key.tun_flags & TUNNEL_NOCACHE) return false; return true; } static inline unsigned short ip_tunnel_info_af(const struct ip_tunnel_info *tun_info) { return tun_info->mode & IP_TUNNEL_INFO_IPV6 ? AF_INET6 : AF_INET; } static inline __be64 key32_to_tunnel_id(__be32 key) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN return (__force __be64)key; #else return (__force __be64)((__force u64)key << 32); #endif } /* Returns the least-significant 32 bits of a __be64. */ static inline __be32 tunnel_id_to_key32(__be64 tun_id) { #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN return (__force __be32)tun_id; #else return (__force __be32)((__force u64)tun_id >> 32); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_INET static inline void ip_tunnel_init_flow(struct flowi4 *fl4, int proto, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, __be32 key, __u8 tos, int oif, __u32 mark, __u32 tun_inner_hash) { memset(fl4, 0, sizeof(*fl4)); fl4->flowi4_oif = oif; fl4->daddr = daddr; fl4->saddr = saddr; fl4->flowi4_tos = tos; fl4->flowi4_proto = proto; fl4->fl4_gre_key = key; fl4->flowi4_mark = mark; fl4->flowi4_multipath_hash = tun_inner_hash; } int ip_tunnel_init(struct net_device *dev); void ip_tunnel_uninit(struct net_device *dev); void ip_tunnel_dellink(struct net_device *dev, struct list_head *head); struct net *ip_tunnel_get_link_net(const struct net_device *dev); int ip_tunnel_get_iflink(const struct net_device *dev); int ip_tunnel_init_net(struct net *net, unsigned int ip_tnl_net_id, struct rtnl_link_ops *ops, char *devname); void ip_tunnel_delete_nets(struct list_head *list_net, unsigned int id, struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); void ip_tunnel_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, const struct iphdr *tnl_params, const u8 protocol); void ip_md_tunnel_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, const u8 proto, int tunnel_hlen); int ip_tunnel_ctl(struct net_device *dev, struct ip_tunnel_parm *p, int cmd); int ip_tunnel_ioctl(struct net_device *dev, struct ifreq *ifr, int cmd); int __ip_tunnel_change_mtu(struct net_device *dev, int new_mtu, bool strict); int ip_tunnel_change_mtu(struct net_device *dev, int new_mtu); void ip_tunnel_get_stats64(struct net_device *dev, struct rtnl_link_stats64 *tot); struct ip_tunnel *ip_tunnel_lookup(struct ip_tunnel_net *itn, int link, __be16 flags, __be32 remote, __be32 local, __be32 key); int ip_tunnel_rcv(struct ip_tunnel *tunnel, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct tnl_ptk_info *tpi, struct metadata_dst *tun_dst, bool log_ecn_error); int ip_tunnel_changelink(struct net_device *dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct ip_tunnel_parm *p, __u32 fwmark); int ip_tunnel_newlink(struct net_device *dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct ip_tunnel_parm *p, __u32 fwmark); void ip_tunnel_setup(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int net_id); extern const struct header_ops ip_tunnel_header_ops; __be16 ip_tunnel_parse_protocol(const struct sk_buff *skb); struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops { size_t (*encap_hlen)(struct ip_tunnel_encap *e); int (*build_header)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_tunnel_encap *e, u8 *protocol, struct flowi4 *fl4); int (*err_handler)(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 info); }; #define MAX_IPTUN_ENCAP_OPS 8 extern const struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops __rcu * iptun_encaps[MAX_IPTUN_ENCAP_OPS]; int ip_tunnel_encap_add_ops(const struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num); int ip_tunnel_encap_del_ops(const struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num); int ip_tunnel_encap_setup(struct ip_tunnel *t, struct ip_tunnel_encap *ipencap); static inline bool pskb_inet_may_pull(struct sk_buff *skb) { int nhlen; switch (skb->protocol) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) case htons(ETH_P_IPV6): nhlen = sizeof(struct ipv6hdr); break; #endif case htons(ETH_P_IP): nhlen = sizeof(struct iphdr); break; default: nhlen = 0; } return pskb_network_may_pull(skb, nhlen); } static inline int ip_encap_hlen(struct ip_tunnel_encap *e) { const struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops *ops; int hlen = -EINVAL; if (e->type == TUNNEL_ENCAP_NONE) return 0; if (e->type >= MAX_IPTUN_ENCAP_OPS) return -EINVAL; rcu_read_lock(); ops = rcu_dereference(iptun_encaps[e->type]); if (likely(ops && ops->encap_hlen)) hlen = ops->encap_hlen(e); rcu_read_unlock(); return hlen; } static inline int ip_tunnel_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_tunnel *t, u8 *protocol, struct flowi4 *fl4) { const struct ip_tunnel_encap_ops *ops; int ret = -EINVAL; if (t->encap.type == TUNNEL_ENCAP_NONE) return 0; if (t->encap.type >= MAX_IPTUN_ENCAP_OPS) return -EINVAL; rcu_read_lock(); ops = rcu_dereference(iptun_encaps[t->encap.type]); if (likely(ops && ops->build_header)) ret = ops->build_header(skb, &t->encap, protocol, fl4); rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* Extract dsfield from inner protocol */ static inline u8 ip_tunnel_get_dsfield(const struct iphdr *iph, const struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IP)) return iph->tos; else if (skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IPV6)) return ipv6_get_dsfield((const struct ipv6hdr *)iph); else return 0; } static inline u8 ip_tunnel_get_ttl(const struct iphdr *iph, const struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IP)) return iph->ttl; else if (skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IPV6)) return ((const struct ipv6hdr *)iph)->hop_limit; else return 0; } /* Propogate ECN bits out */ static inline u8 ip_tunnel_ecn_encap(u8 tos, const struct iphdr *iph, const struct sk_buff *skb) { u8 inner = ip_tunnel_get_dsfield(iph, skb); return INET_ECN_encapsulate(tos, inner); } int __iptunnel_pull_header(struct sk_buff *skb, int hdr_len, __be16 inner_proto, bool raw_proto, bool xnet); static inline int iptunnel_pull_header(struct sk_buff *skb, int hdr_len, __be16 inner_proto, bool xnet) { return __iptunnel_pull_header(skb, hdr_len, inner_proto, false, xnet); } void iptunnel_xmit(struct sock *sk, struct rtable *rt, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 src, __be32 dst, u8 proto, u8 tos, u8 ttl, __be16 df, bool xnet); struct metadata_dst *iptunnel_metadata_reply(struct metadata_dst *md, gfp_t flags); int skb_tunnel_check_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct dst_entry *encap_dst, int headroom, bool reply); int iptunnel_handle_offloads(struct sk_buff *skb, int gso_type_mask); static inline int iptunnel_pull_offloads(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_is_gso(skb)) { int err; err = skb_unclone(skb, GFP_ATOMIC); if (unlikely(err)) return err; skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type &= ~(NETIF_F_GSO_ENCAP_ALL >> NETIF_F_GSO_SHIFT); } skb->encapsulation = 0; return 0; } static inline void iptunnel_xmit_stats(struct net_device *dev, int pkt_len) { if (pkt_len > 0) { struct pcpu_sw_netstats *tstats = get_cpu_ptr(dev->tstats); u64_stats_update_begin(&tstats->syncp); tstats->tx_bytes += pkt_len; tstats->tx_packets++; u64_stats_update_end(&tstats->syncp); put_cpu_ptr(tstats); } else { struct net_device_stats *err_stats = &dev->stats; if (pkt_len < 0) { err_stats->tx_errors++; err_stats->tx_aborted_errors++; } else { err_stats->tx_dropped++; } } } static inline void *ip_tunnel_info_opts(struct ip_tunnel_info *info) { return info + 1; } static inline void ip_tunnel_info_opts_get(void *to, const struct ip_tunnel_info *info) { memcpy(to, info + 1, info->options_len); } static inline void ip_tunnel_info_opts_set(struct ip_tunnel_info *info, const void *from, int len, __be16 flags) { info->options_len = len; if (len > 0) { memcpy(ip_tunnel_info_opts(info), from, len); info->key.tun_flags |= flags; } } static inline struct ip_tunnel_info *lwt_tun_info(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return (struct ip_tunnel_info *)lwtstate->data; } DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(ip_tunnel_metadata_cnt); /* Returns > 0 if metadata should be collected */ static inline int ip_tunnel_collect_metadata(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&ip_tunnel_metadata_cnt); } void __init ip_tunnel_core_init(void); void ip_tunnel_need_metadata(void); void ip_tunnel_unneed_metadata(void); #else /* CONFIG_INET */ static inline struct ip_tunnel_info *lwt_tun_info(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return NULL; } static inline void ip_tunnel_need_metadata(void) { } static inline void ip_tunnel_unneed_metadata(void) { } static inline void ip_tunnel_info_opts_get(void *to, const struct ip_tunnel_info *info) { } static inline void ip_tunnel_info_opts_set(struct ip_tunnel_info *info, const void *from, int len, __be16 flags) { info->options_len = 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_INET */ #endif /* __NET_IP_TUNNELS_H */
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3017 3018 3019 3020 3021 3022 3023 3024 3025 3026 3027 3028 3029 3030 3031 3032 3033 3034 3035 3036 3037 3038 3039 3040 3041 3042 3043 3044 3045 3046 3047 3048 3049 3050 3051 3052 3053 3054 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Simple NUMA memory policy for the Linux kernel. * * Copyright 2003,2004 Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs. * (C) Copyright 2005 Christoph Lameter, Silicon Graphics, Inc. * * NUMA policy allows the user to give hints in which node(s) memory should * be allocated. * * Support four policies per VMA and per process: * * The VMA policy has priority over the process policy for a page fault. * * interleave Allocate memory interleaved over a set of nodes, * with normal fallback if it fails. * For VMA based allocations this interleaves based on the * offset into the backing object or offset into the mapping * for anonymous memory. For process policy an process counter * is used. * * bind Only allocate memory on a specific set of nodes, * no fallback. * FIXME: memory is allocated starting with the first node * to the last. It would be better if bind would truly restrict * the allocation to memory nodes instead * * preferred Try a specific node first before normal fallback. * As a special case NUMA_NO_NODE here means do the allocation * on the local CPU. This is normally identical to default, * but useful to set in a VMA when you have a non default * process policy. * * default Allocate on the local node first, or when on a VMA * use the process policy. This is what Linux always did * in a NUMA aware kernel and still does by, ahem, default. * * The process policy is applied for most non interrupt memory allocations * in that process' context. Interrupts ignore the policies and always * try to allocate on the local CPU. The VMA policy is only applied for memory * allocations for a VMA in the VM. * * Currently there are a few corner cases in swapping where the policy * is not applied, but the majority should be handled. When process policy * is used it is not remembered over swap outs/swap ins. * * Only the highest zone in the zone hierarchy gets policied. Allocations * requesting a lower zone just use default policy. This implies that * on systems with highmem kernel lowmem allocation don't get policied. * Same with GFP_DMA allocations. * * For shmfs/tmpfs/hugetlbfs shared memory the policy is shared between * all users and remembered even when nobody has memory mapped. */ /* Notebook: fix mmap readahead to honour policy and enable policy for any page cache object statistics for bigpages global policy for page cache? currently it uses process policy. Requires first item above. handle mremap for shared memory (currently ignored for the policy) grows down? make bind policy root only? It can trigger oom much faster and the kernel is not always grateful with that. */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/pagewalk.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #include <linux/mm_inline.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/printk.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include "internal.h" /* Internal flags */ #define MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK (MPOL_MF_INTERNAL << 0) /* Skip checks for continuous vmas */ #define MPOL_MF_INVERT (MPOL_MF_INTERNAL << 1) /* Invert check for nodemask */ static struct kmem_cache *policy_cache; static struct kmem_cache *sn_cache; /* Highest zone. An specific allocation for a zone below that is not policied. */ enum zone_type policy_zone = 0; /* * run-time system-wide default policy => local allocation */ static struct mempolicy default_policy = { .refcnt = ATOMIC_INIT(1), /* never free it */ .mode = MPOL_PREFERRED, .flags = MPOL_F_LOCAL, }; static struct mempolicy preferred_node_policy[MAX_NUMNODES]; /** * numa_map_to_online_node - Find closest online node * @node: Node id to start the search * * Lookup the next closest node by distance if @nid is not online. */ int numa_map_to_online_node(int node) { int min_dist = INT_MAX, dist, n, min_node; if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE || node_online(node)) return node; min_node = node; for_each_online_node(n) { dist = node_distance(node, n); if (dist < min_dist) { min_dist = dist; min_node = n; } } return min_node; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(numa_map_to_online_node); struct mempolicy *get_task_policy(struct task_struct *p) { struct mempolicy *pol = p->mempolicy; int node; if (pol) return pol; node = numa_node_id(); if (node != NUMA_NO_NODE) { pol = &preferred_node_policy[node]; /* preferred_node_policy is not initialised early in boot */ if (pol->mode) return pol; } return &default_policy; } static const struct mempolicy_operations { int (*create)(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes); void (*rebind)(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes); } mpol_ops[MPOL_MAX]; static inline int mpol_store_user_nodemask(const struct mempolicy *pol) { return pol->flags & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; } static void mpol_relative_nodemask(nodemask_t *ret, const nodemask_t *orig, const nodemask_t *rel) { nodemask_t tmp; nodes_fold(tmp, *orig, nodes_weight(*rel)); nodes_onto(*ret, tmp, *rel); } static int mpol_new_interleave(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return -EINVAL; pol->v.nodes = *nodes; return 0; } static int mpol_new_preferred(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { if (!nodes) pol->flags |= MPOL_F_LOCAL; /* local allocation */ else if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return -EINVAL; /* no allowed nodes */ else pol->v.preferred_node = first_node(*nodes); return 0; } static int mpol_new_bind(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return -EINVAL; pol->v.nodes = *nodes; return 0; } /* * mpol_set_nodemask is called after mpol_new() to set up the nodemask, if * any, for the new policy. mpol_new() has already validated the nodes * parameter with respect to the policy mode and flags. But, we need to * handle an empty nodemask with MPOL_PREFERRED here. * * Must be called holding task's alloc_lock to protect task's mems_allowed * and mempolicy. May also be called holding the mmap_lock for write. */ static int mpol_set_nodemask(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes, struct nodemask_scratch *nsc) { int ret; /* if mode is MPOL_DEFAULT, pol is NULL. This is right. */ if (pol == NULL) return 0; /* Check N_MEMORY */ nodes_and(nsc->mask1, cpuset_current_mems_allowed, node_states[N_MEMORY]); VM_BUG_ON(!nodes); if (pol->mode == MPOL_PREFERRED && nodes_empty(*nodes)) nodes = NULL; /* explicit local allocation */ else { if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) mpol_relative_nodemask(&nsc->mask2, nodes, &nsc->mask1); else nodes_and(nsc->mask2, *nodes, nsc->mask1); if (mpol_store_user_nodemask(pol)) pol->w.user_nodemask = *nodes; else pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed = cpuset_current_mems_allowed; } if (nodes) ret = mpol_ops[pol->mode].create(pol, &nsc->mask2); else ret = mpol_ops[pol->mode].create(pol, NULL); return ret; } /* * This function just creates a new policy, does some check and simple * initialization. You must invoke mpol_set_nodemask() to set nodes. */ static struct mempolicy *mpol_new(unsigned short mode, unsigned short flags, nodemask_t *nodes) { struct mempolicy *policy; pr_debug("setting mode %d flags %d nodes[0] %lx\n", mode, flags, nodes ? nodes_addr(*nodes)[0] : NUMA_NO_NODE); if (mode == MPOL_DEFAULT) { if (nodes && !nodes_empty(*nodes)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return NULL; } VM_BUG_ON(!nodes); /* * MPOL_PREFERRED cannot be used with MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES or * MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES if the nodemask is empty (local allocation). * All other modes require a valid pointer to a non-empty nodemask. */ if (mode == MPOL_PREFERRED) { if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) { if (((flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) || (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES))) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } } else if (mode == MPOL_LOCAL) { if (!nodes_empty(*nodes) || (flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) || (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); mode = MPOL_PREFERRED; } else if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); policy = kmem_cache_alloc(policy_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!policy) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); atomic_set(&policy->refcnt, 1); policy->mode = mode; policy->flags = flags; return policy; } /* Slow path of a mpol destructor. */ void __mpol_put(struct mempolicy *p) { if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&p->refcnt)) return; kmem_cache_free(policy_cache, p); } static void mpol_rebind_default(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { } static void mpol_rebind_nodemask(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { nodemask_t tmp; if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) nodes_and(tmp, pol->w.user_nodemask, *nodes); else if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) mpol_relative_nodemask(&tmp, &pol->w.user_nodemask, nodes); else { nodes_remap(tmp, pol->v.nodes,pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed, *nodes); pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed = *nodes; } if (nodes_empty(tmp)) tmp = *nodes; pol->v.nodes = tmp; } static void mpol_rebind_preferred(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { nodemask_t tmp; if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) { int node = first_node(pol->w.user_nodemask); if (node_isset(node, *nodes)) { pol->v.preferred_node = node; pol->flags &= ~MPOL_F_LOCAL; } else pol->flags |= MPOL_F_LOCAL; } else if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) { mpol_relative_nodemask(&tmp, &pol->w.user_nodemask, nodes); pol->v.preferred_node = first_node(tmp); } else if (!(pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) { pol->v.preferred_node = node_remap(pol->v.preferred_node, pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed, *nodes); pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed = *nodes; } } /* * mpol_rebind_policy - Migrate a policy to a different set of nodes * * Per-vma policies are protected by mmap_lock. Allocations using per-task * policies are protected by task->mems_allowed_seq to prevent a premature * OOM/allocation failure due to parallel nodemask modification. */ static void mpol_rebind_policy(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *newmask) { if (!pol) return; if (!mpol_store_user_nodemask(pol) && !(pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) && nodes_equal(pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed, *newmask)) return; mpol_ops[pol->mode].rebind(pol, newmask); } /* * Wrapper for mpol_rebind_policy() that just requires task * pointer, and updates task mempolicy. * * Called with task's alloc_lock held. */ void mpol_rebind_task(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *new) { mpol_rebind_policy(tsk->mempolicy, new); } /* * Rebind each vma in mm to new nodemask. * * Call holding a reference to mm. Takes mm->mmap_lock during call. */ void mpol_rebind_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, nodemask_t *new) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; mmap_write_lock(mm); for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) mpol_rebind_policy(vma->vm_policy, new); mmap_write_unlock(mm); } static const struct mempolicy_operations mpol_ops[MPOL_MAX] = { [MPOL_DEFAULT] = { .rebind = mpol_rebind_default, }, [MPOL_INTERLEAVE] = { .create = mpol_new_interleave, .rebind = mpol_rebind_nodemask, }, [MPOL_PREFERRED] = { .create = mpol_new_preferred, .rebind = mpol_rebind_preferred, }, [MPOL_BIND] = { .create = mpol_new_bind, .rebind = mpol_rebind_nodemask, }, }; static int migrate_page_add(struct page *page, struct list_head *pagelist, unsigned long flags); struct queue_pages { struct list_head *pagelist; unsigned long flags; nodemask_t *nmask; unsigned long start; unsigned long end; struct vm_area_struct *first; }; /* * Check if the page's nid is in qp->nmask. * * If MPOL_MF_INVERT is set in qp->flags, check if the nid is * in the invert of qp->nmask. */ static inline bool queue_pages_required(struct page *page, struct queue_pages *qp) { int nid = page_to_nid(page); unsigned long flags = qp->flags; return node_isset(nid, *qp->nmask) == !(flags & MPOL_MF_INVERT); } /* * queue_pages_pmd() has four possible return values: * 0 - pages are placed on the right node or queued successfully. * 1 - there is unmovable page, and MPOL_MF_MOVE* & MPOL_MF_STRICT were * specified. * 2 - THP was split. * -EIO - is migration entry or only MPOL_MF_STRICT was specified and an * existing page was already on a node that does not follow the * policy. */ static int queue_pages_pmd(pmd_t *pmd, spinlock_t *ptl, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) __releases(ptl) { int ret = 0; struct page *page; struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long flags; if (unlikely(is_pmd_migration_entry(*pmd))) { ret = -EIO; goto unlock; } page = pmd_page(*pmd); if (is_huge_zero_page(page)) { spin_unlock(ptl); __split_huge_pmd(walk->vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); ret = 2; goto out; } if (!queue_pages_required(page, qp)) goto unlock; flags = qp->flags; /* go to thp migration */ if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL)) { if (!vma_migratable(walk->vma) || migrate_page_add(page, qp->pagelist, flags)) { ret = 1; goto unlock; } } else ret = -EIO; unlock: spin_unlock(ptl); out: return ret; } /* * Scan through pages checking if pages follow certain conditions, * and move them to the pagelist if they do. * * queue_pages_pte_range() has three possible return values: * 0 - pages are placed on the right node or queued successfully. * 1 - there is unmovable page, and MPOL_MF_MOVE* & MPOL_MF_STRICT were * specified. * -EIO - only MPOL_MF_STRICT was specified and an existing page was already * on a node that does not follow the policy. */ static int queue_pages_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma; struct page *page; struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long flags = qp->flags; int ret; bool has_unmovable = false; pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma); if (ptl) { ret = queue_pages_pmd(pmd, ptl, addr, end, walk); if (ret != 2) return ret; } /* THP was split, fall through to pte walk */ if (pmd_trans_unstable(pmd)) return 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_offset_map_lock(walk->mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); for (; addr != end; pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE) { if (!pte_present(*pte)) continue; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, *pte); if (!page) continue; /* * vm_normal_page() filters out zero pages, but there might * still be PageReserved pages to skip, perhaps in a VDSO. */ if (PageReserved(page)) continue; if (!queue_pages_required(page, qp)) continue; if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL)) { /* MPOL_MF_STRICT must be specified if we get here */ if (!vma_migratable(vma)) { has_unmovable = true; break; } /* * Do not abort immediately since there may be * temporary off LRU pages in the range. Still * need migrate other LRU pages. */ if (migrate_page_add(page, qp->pagelist, flags)) has_unmovable = true; } else break; } pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); cond_resched(); if (has_unmovable) return 1; return addr != end ? -EIO : 0; } static int queue_pages_hugetlb(pte_t *pte, unsigned long hmask, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) { int ret = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long flags = (qp->flags & MPOL_MF_VALID); struct page *page; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t entry; ptl = huge_pte_lock(hstate_vma(walk->vma), walk->mm, pte); entry = huge_ptep_get(pte); if (!pte_present(entry)) goto unlock; page = pte_page(entry); if (!queue_pages_required(page, qp)) goto unlock; if (flags == MPOL_MF_STRICT) { /* * STRICT alone means only detecting misplaced page and no * need to further check other vma. */ ret = -EIO; goto unlock; } if (!vma_migratable(walk->vma)) { /* * Must be STRICT with MOVE*, otherwise .test_walk() have * stopped walking current vma. * Detecting misplaced page but allow migrating pages which * have been queued. */ ret = 1; goto unlock; } /* With MPOL_MF_MOVE, we migrate only unshared hugepage. */ if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL) || (flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE && page_mapcount(page) == 1)) { if (!isolate_huge_page(page, qp->pagelist) && (flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT)) /* * Failed to isolate page but allow migrating pages * which have been queued. */ ret = 1; } unlock: spin_unlock(ptl); #else BUG(); #endif return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * This is used to mark a range of virtual addresses to be inaccessible. * These are later cleared by a NUMA hinting fault. Depending on these * faults, pages may be migrated for better NUMA placement. * * This is assuming that NUMA faults are handled using PROT_NONE. If * an architecture makes a different choice, it will need further * changes to the core. */ unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { int nr_updated; nr_updated = change_protection(vma, addr, end, PAGE_NONE, MM_CP_PROT_NUMA); if (nr_updated) count_vm_numa_events(NUMA_PTE_UPDATES, nr_updated); return nr_updated; } #else static unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static int queue_pages_test_walk(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma; struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long endvma = vma->vm_end; unsigned long flags = qp->flags; /* range check first */ VM_BUG_ON_VMA((vma->vm_start > start) || (vma->vm_end < end), vma); if (!qp->first) { qp->first = vma; if (!(flags & MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK) && (qp->start < vma->vm_start)) /* hole at head side of range */ return -EFAULT; } if (!(flags & MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK) && ((vma->vm_end < qp->end) && (!vma->vm_next || vma->vm_end < vma->vm_next->vm_start))) /* hole at middle or tail of range */ return -EFAULT; /* * Need check MPOL_MF_STRICT to return -EIO if possible * regardless of vma_migratable */ if (!vma_migratable(vma) && !(flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT)) return 1; if (endvma > end) endvma = end; if (flags & MPOL_MF_LAZY) { /* Similar to task_numa_work, skip inaccessible VMAs */ if (!is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) && vma_is_accessible(vma) && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) change_prot_numa(vma, start, endvma); return 1; } /* queue pages from current vma */ if (flags & MPOL_MF_VALID) return 0; return 1; } static const struct mm_walk_ops queue_pages_walk_ops = { .hugetlb_entry = queue_pages_hugetlb, .pmd_entry = queue_pages_pte_range, .test_walk = queue_pages_test_walk, }; /* * Walk through page tables and collect pages to be migrated. * * If pages found in a given range are on a set of nodes (determined by * @nodes and @flags,) it's isolated and queued to the pagelist which is * passed via @private. * * queue_pages_range() has three possible return values: * 1 - there is unmovable page, but MPOL_MF_MOVE* & MPOL_MF_STRICT were * specified. * 0 - queue pages successfully or no misplaced page. * errno - i.e. misplaced pages with MPOL_MF_STRICT specified (-EIO) or * memory range specified by nodemask and maxnode points outside * your accessible address space (-EFAULT) */ static int queue_pages_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, nodemask_t *nodes, unsigned long flags, struct list_head *pagelist) { int err; struct queue_pages qp = { .pagelist = pagelist, .flags = flags, .nmask = nodes, .start = start, .end = end, .first = NULL, }; err = walk_page_range(mm, start, end, &queue_pages_walk_ops, &qp); if (!qp.first) /* whole range in hole */ err = -EFAULT; return err; } /* * Apply policy to a single VMA * This must be called with the mmap_lock held for writing. */ static int vma_replace_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *pol) { int err; struct mempolicy *old; struct mempolicy *new; pr_debug("vma %lx-%lx/%lx vm_ops %p vm_file %p set_policy %p\n", vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, vma->vm_pgoff, vma->vm_ops, vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->set_policy : NULL); new = mpol_dup(pol); if (IS_ERR(new)) return PTR_ERR(new); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->set_policy) { err = vma->vm_ops->set_policy(vma, new); if (err) goto err_out; } old = vma->vm_policy; vma->vm_policy = new; /* protected by mmap_lock */ mpol_put(old); return 0; err_out: mpol_put(new); return err; } /* Step 2: apply policy to a range and do splits. */ static int mbind_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mempolicy *new_pol) { struct vm_area_struct *next; struct vm_area_struct *prev; struct vm_area_struct *vma; int err = 0; pgoff_t pgoff; unsigned long vmstart; unsigned long vmend; vma = find_vma(mm, start); VM_BUG_ON(!vma); prev = vma->vm_prev; if (start > vma->vm_start) prev = vma; for (; vma && vma->vm_start < end; prev = vma, vma = next) { next = vma->vm_next; vmstart = max(start, vma->vm_start); vmend = min(end, vma->vm_end); if (mpol_equal(vma_policy(vma), new_pol)) continue; pgoff = vma->vm_pgoff + ((vmstart - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT); prev = vma_merge(mm, prev, vmstart, vmend, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, vma->vm_file, pgoff, new_pol, vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx); if (prev) { vma = prev; next = vma->vm_next; if (mpol_equal(vma_policy(vma), new_pol)) continue; /* vma_merge() joined vma && vma->next, case 8 */ goto replace; } if (vma->vm_start != vmstart) { err = split_vma(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmstart, 1); if (err) goto out; } if (vma->vm_end != vmend) { err = split_vma(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmend, 0); if (err) goto out; } replace: err = vma_replace_policy(vma, new_pol); if (err) goto out; } out: return err; } /* Set the process memory policy */ static long do_set_mempolicy(unsigned short mode, unsigned short flags, nodemask_t *nodes) { struct mempolicy *new, *old; NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); int ret; if (!scratch) return -ENOMEM; new = mpol_new(mode, flags, nodes); if (IS_ERR(new)) { ret = PTR_ERR(new); goto out; } ret = mpol_set_nodemask(new, nodes, scratch); if (ret) { mpol_put(new); goto out; } task_lock(current); old = current->mempolicy; current->mempolicy = new; if (new && new->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) current->il_prev = MAX_NUMNODES-1; task_unlock(current); mpol_put(old); ret = 0; out: NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); return ret; } /* * Return nodemask for policy for get_mempolicy() query * * Called with task's alloc_lock held */ static void get_policy_nodemask(struct mempolicy *p, nodemask_t *nodes) { nodes_clear(*nodes); if (p == &default_policy) return; switch (p->mode) { case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: *nodes = p->v.nodes; break; case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (!(p->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) node_set(p->v.preferred_node, *nodes); /* else return empty node mask for local allocation */ break; default: BUG(); } } static int lookup_node(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { struct page *p = NULL; int err; int locked = 1; err = get_user_pages_locked(addr & PAGE_MASK, 1, 0, &p, &locked); if (err > 0) { err = page_to_nid(p); put_page(p); } if (locked) mmap_read_unlock(mm); return err; } /* Retrieve NUMA policy */ static long do_get_mempolicy(int *policy, nodemask_t *nmask, unsigned long addr, unsigned long flags) { int err; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL; struct mempolicy *pol = current->mempolicy, *pol_refcount = NULL; if (flags & ~(unsigned long)(MPOL_F_NODE|MPOL_F_ADDR|MPOL_F_MEMS_ALLOWED)) return -EINVAL; if (flags & MPOL_F_MEMS_ALLOWED) { if (flags & (MPOL_F_NODE|MPOL_F_ADDR)) return -EINVAL; *policy = 0; /* just so it's initialized */ task_lock(current); *nmask = cpuset_current_mems_allowed; task_unlock(current); return 0; } if (flags & MPOL_F_ADDR) { /* * Do NOT fall back to task policy if the * vma/shared policy at addr is NULL. We * want to return MPOL_DEFAULT in this case. */ mmap_read_lock(mm); vma = find_vma_intersection(mm, addr, addr+1); if (!vma) { mmap_read_unlock(mm); return -EFAULT; } if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy) pol = vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, addr); else pol = vma->vm_policy; } else if (addr) return -EINVAL; if (!pol) pol = &default_policy; /* indicates default behavior */ if (flags & MPOL_F_NODE) { if (flags & MPOL_F_ADDR) { /* * Take a refcount on the mpol, lookup_node() * wil drop the mmap_lock, so after calling * lookup_node() only "pol" remains valid, "vma" * is stale. */ pol_refcount = pol; vma = NULL; mpol_get(pol); err = lookup_node(mm, addr); if (err < 0) goto out; *policy = err; } else if (pol == current->mempolicy && pol->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) { *policy = next_node_in(current->il_prev, pol->v.nodes); } else { err = -EINVAL; goto out; } } else { *policy = pol == &default_policy ? MPOL_DEFAULT : pol->mode; /* * Internal mempolicy flags must be masked off before exposing * the policy to userspace. */ *policy |= (pol->flags & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS); } err = 0; if (nmask) { if (mpol_store_user_nodemask(pol)) { *nmask = pol->w.user_nodemask; } else { task_lock(current); get_policy_nodemask(pol, nmask); task_unlock(current); } } out: mpol_cond_put(pol); if (vma) mmap_read_unlock(mm); if (pol_refcount) mpol_put(pol_refcount); return err; } #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION /* * page migration, thp tail pages can be passed. */ static int migrate_page_add(struct page *page, struct list_head *pagelist, unsigned long flags) { struct page *head = compound_head(page); /* * Avoid migrating a page that is shared with others. */ if ((flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL) || page_mapcount(head) == 1) { if (!isolate_lru_page(head)) { list_add_tail(&head->lru, pagelist); mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(head), NR_ISOLATED_ANON + page_is_file_lru(head), thp_nr_pages(head)); } else if (flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT) { /* * Non-movable page may reach here. And, there may be * temporary off LRU pages or non-LRU movable pages. * Treat them as unmovable pages since they can't be * isolated, so they can't be moved at the moment. It * should return -EIO for this case too. */ return -EIO; } } return 0; } /* * Migrate pages from one node to a target node. * Returns error or the number of pages not migrated. */ static int migrate_to_node(struct mm_struct *mm, int source, int dest, int flags) { nodemask_t nmask; LIST_HEAD(pagelist); int err = 0; struct migration_target_control mtc = { .nid = dest, .gfp_mask = GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE | __GFP_THISNODE, }; nodes_clear(nmask); node_set(source, nmask); /* * This does not "check" the range but isolates all pages that * need migration. Between passing in the full user address * space range and MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK, this call can not fail. */ VM_BUG_ON(!(flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL))); queue_pages_range(mm, mm->mmap->vm_start, mm->task_size, &nmask, flags | MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK, &pagelist); if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) { err = migrate_pages(&pagelist, alloc_migration_target, NULL, (unsigned long)&mtc, MIGRATE_SYNC, MR_SYSCALL); if (err) putback_movable_pages(&pagelist); } return err; } /* * Move pages between the two nodesets so as to preserve the physical * layout as much as possible. * * Returns the number of page that could not be moved. */ int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags) { int busy = 0; int err; nodemask_t tmp; err = migrate_prep(); if (err) return err; mmap_read_lock(mm); /* * Find a 'source' bit set in 'tmp' whose corresponding 'dest' * bit in 'to' is not also set in 'tmp'. Clear the found 'source' * bit in 'tmp', and return that <source, dest> pair for migration. * The pair of nodemasks 'to' and 'from' define the map. * * If no pair of bits is found that way, fallback to picking some * pair of 'source' and 'dest' bits that are not the same. If the * 'source' and 'dest' bits are the same, this represents a node * that will be migrating to itself, so no pages need move. * * If no bits are left in 'tmp', or if all remaining bits left * in 'tmp' correspond to the same bit in 'to', return false * (nothing left to migrate). * * This lets us pick a pair of nodes to migrate between, such that * if possible the dest node is not already occupied by some other * source node, minimizing the risk of overloading the memory on a * node that would happen if we migrated incoming memory to a node * before migrating outgoing memory source that same node. * * A single scan of tmp is sufficient. As we go, we remember the * most recent <s, d> pair that moved (s != d). If we find a pair * that not only moved, but what's better, moved to an empty slot * (d is not set in tmp), then we break out then, with that pair. * Otherwise when we finish scanning from_tmp, we at least have the * most recent <s, d> pair that moved. If we get all the way through * the scan of tmp without finding any node that moved, much less * moved to an empty node, then there is nothing left worth migrating. */ tmp = *from; while (!nodes_empty(tmp)) { int s,d; int source = NUMA_NO_NODE; int dest = 0; for_each_node_mask(s, tmp) { /* * do_migrate_pages() tries to maintain the relative * node relationship of the pages established between * threads and memory areas. * * However if the number of source nodes is not equal to * the number of destination nodes we can not preserve * this node relative relationship. In that case, skip * copying memory from a node that is in the destination * mask. * * Example: [2,3,4] -> [3,4,5] moves everything. * [0-7] - > [3,4,5] moves only 0,1,2,6,7. */ if ((nodes_weight(*from) != nodes_weight(*to)) && (node_isset(s, *to))) continue; d = node_remap(s, *from, *to); if (s == d) continue; source = s; /* Node moved. Memorize */ dest = d; /* dest not in remaining from nodes? */ if (!node_isset(dest, tmp)) break; } if (source == NUMA_NO_NODE) break; node_clear(source, tmp); err = migrate_to_node(mm, source, dest, flags); if (err > 0) busy += err; if (err < 0) break; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); if (err < 0) return err; return busy; } /* * Allocate a new page for page migration based on vma policy. * Start by assuming the page is mapped by the same vma as contains @start. * Search forward from there, if not. N.B., this assumes that the * list of pages handed to migrate_pages()--which is how we get here-- * is in virtual address order. */ static struct page *new_page(struct page *page, unsigned long start) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long address; vma = find_vma(current->mm, start); while (vma) { address = page_address_in_vma(page, vma); if (address != -EFAULT) break; vma = vma->vm_next; } if (PageHuge(page)) { return alloc_huge_page_vma(page_hstate(compound_head(page)), vma, address); } else if (PageTransHuge(page)) { struct page *thp; thp = alloc_hugepage_vma(GFP_TRANSHUGE, vma, address, HPAGE_PMD_ORDER); if (!thp) return NULL; prep_transhuge_page(thp); return thp; } /* * if !vma, alloc_page_vma() will use task or system default policy */ return alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE | __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL, vma, address); } #else static int migrate_page_add(struct page *page, struct list_head *pagelist, unsigned long flags) { return -EIO; } int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags) { return -ENOSYS; } static struct page *new_page(struct page *page, unsigned long start) { return NULL; } #endif static long do_mbind(unsigned long start, unsigned long len, unsigned short mode, unsigned short mode_flags, nodemask_t *nmask, unsigned long flags) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct mempolicy *new; unsigned long end; int err; int ret; LIST_HEAD(pagelist); if (flags & ~(unsigned long)MPOL_MF_VALID) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL) && !capable(CAP_SYS_NICE)) return -EPERM; if (start & ~PAGE_MASK) return -EINVAL; if (mode == MPOL_DEFAULT) flags &= ~MPOL_MF_STRICT; len = (len + PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; end = start + len; if (end < start) return -EINVAL; if (end == start) return 0; new = mpol_new(mode, mode_flags, nmask); if (IS_ERR(new)) return PTR_ERR(new); if (flags & MPOL_MF_LAZY) new->flags |= MPOL_F_MOF; /* * If we are using the default policy then operation * on discontinuous address spaces is okay after all */ if (!new) flags |= MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK; pr_debug("mbind %lx-%lx mode:%d flags:%d nodes:%lx\n", start, start + len, mode, mode_flags, nmask ? nodes_addr(*nmask)[0] : NUMA_NO_NODE); if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL)) { err = migrate_prep(); if (err) goto mpol_out; } { NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); if (scratch) { mmap_write_lock(mm); err = mpol_set_nodemask(new, nmask, scratch); if (err) mmap_write_unlock(mm); } else err = -ENOMEM; NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); } if (err) goto mpol_out; ret = queue_pages_range(mm, start, end, nmask, flags | MPOL_MF_INVERT, &pagelist); if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto up_out; } err = mbind_range(mm, start, end, new); if (!err) { int nr_failed = 0; if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(flags & MPOL_MF_LAZY); nr_failed = migrate_pages(&pagelist, new_page, NULL, start, MIGRATE_SYNC, MR_MEMPOLICY_MBIND); if (nr_failed) putback_movable_pages(&pagelist); } if ((ret > 0) || (nr_failed && (flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT))) err = -EIO; } else { up_out: if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) putback_movable_pages(&pagelist); } mmap_write_unlock(mm); mpol_out: mpol_put(new); return err; } /* * User space interface with variable sized bitmaps for nodelists. */ /* Copy a node mask from user space. */ static int get_nodes(nodemask_t *nodes, const unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode) { unsigned long k; unsigned long t; unsigned long nlongs; unsigned long endmask; --maxnode; nodes_clear(*nodes); if (maxnode == 0 || !nmask) return 0; if (maxnode > PAGE_SIZE*BITS_PER_BYTE) return -EINVAL; nlongs = BITS_TO_LONGS(maxnode); if ((maxnode % BITS_PER_LONG) == 0) endmask = ~0UL; else endmask = (1UL << (maxnode % BITS_PER_LONG)) - 1; /* * When the user specified more nodes than supported just check * if the non supported part is all zero. * * If maxnode have more longs than MAX_NUMNODES, check * the bits in that area first. And then go through to * check the rest bits which equal or bigger than MAX_NUMNODES. * Otherwise, just check bits [MAX_NUMNODES, maxnode). */ if (nlongs > BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)) { for (k = BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES); k < nlongs; k++) { if (get_user(t, nmask + k)) return -EFAULT; if (k == nlongs - 1) { if (t & endmask) return -EINVAL; } else if (t) return -EINVAL; } nlongs = BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES); endmask = ~0UL; } if (maxnode > MAX_NUMNODES && MAX_NUMNODES % BITS_PER_LONG != 0) { unsigned long valid_mask = endmask; valid_mask &= ~((1UL << (MAX_NUMNODES % BITS_PER_LONG)) - 1); if (get_user(t, nmask + nlongs - 1)) return -EFAULT; if (t & valid_mask) return -EINVAL; } if (copy_from_user(nodes_addr(*nodes), nmask, nlongs*sizeof(unsigned long))) return -EFAULT; nodes_addr(*nodes)[nlongs-1] &= endmask; return 0; } /* Copy a kernel node mask to user space */ static int copy_nodes_to_user(unsigned long __user *mask, unsigned long maxnode, nodemask_t *nodes) { unsigned long copy = ALIGN(maxnode-1, 64) / 8; unsigned int nbytes = BITS_TO_LONGS(nr_node_ids) * sizeof(long); if (copy > nbytes) { if (copy > PAGE_SIZE) return -EINVAL; if (clear_user((char __user *)mask + nbytes, copy - nbytes)) return -EFAULT; copy = nbytes; } return copy_to_user(mask, nodes_addr(*nodes), copy) ? -EFAULT : 0; } static long kernel_mbind(unsigned long start, unsigned long len, unsigned long mode, const unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode, unsigned int flags) { nodemask_t nodes; int err; unsigned short mode_flags; start = untagged_addr(start); mode_flags = mode & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; mode &= ~MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; if (mode >= MPOL_MAX) return -EINVAL; if ((mode_flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) && (mode_flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES)) return -EINVAL; err = get_nodes(&nodes, nmask, maxnode); if (err) return err; return do_mbind(start, len, mode, mode_flags, &nodes, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mbind, unsigned long, start, unsigned long, len, unsigned long, mode, const unsigned long __user *, nmask, unsigned long, maxnode, unsigned int, flags) { return kernel_mbind(start, len, mode, nmask, maxnode, flags); } /* Set the process memory policy */ static long kernel_set_mempolicy(int mode, const unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode) { int err; nodemask_t nodes; unsigned short flags; flags = mode & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; mode &= ~MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; if ((unsigned int)mode >= MPOL_MAX) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) && (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES)) return -EINVAL; err = get_nodes(&nodes, nmask, maxnode); if (err) return err; return do_set_mempolicy(mode, flags, &nodes); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(set_mempolicy, int, mode, const unsigned long __user *, nmask, unsigned long, maxnode) { return kernel_set_mempolicy(mode, nmask, maxnode); } static int kernel_migrate_pages(pid_t pid, unsigned long maxnode, const unsigned long __user *old_nodes, const unsigned long __user *new_nodes) { struct mm_struct *mm = NULL; struct task_struct *task; nodemask_t task_nodes; int err; nodemask_t *old; nodemask_t *new; NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); if (!scratch) return -ENOMEM; old = &scratch->mask1; new = &scratch->mask2; err = get_nodes(old, old_nodes, maxnode); if (err) goto out; err = get_nodes(new, new_nodes, maxnode); if (err) goto out; /* Find the mm_struct */ rcu_read_lock(); task = pid ? find_task_by_vpid(pid) : current; if (!task) { rcu_read_unlock(); err = -ESRCH; goto out; } get_task_struct(task); err = -EINVAL; /* * Check if this process has the right to modify the specified process. * Use the regular "ptrace_may_access()" checks. */ if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_REALCREDS)) { rcu_read_unlock(); err = -EPERM; goto out_put; } rcu_read_unlock(); task_nodes = cpuset_mems_allowed(task); /* Is the user allowed to access the target nodes? */ if (!nodes_subset(*new, task_nodes) && !capable(CAP_SYS_NICE)) { err = -EPERM; goto out_put; } task_nodes = cpuset_mems_allowed(current); nodes_and(*new, *new, task_nodes); if (nodes_empty(*new)) goto out_put; err = security_task_movememory(task); if (err) goto out_put; mm = get_task_mm(task); put_task_struct(task); if (!mm) { err = -EINVAL; goto out; } err = do_migrate_pages(mm, old, new, capable(CAP_SYS_NICE) ? MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL : MPOL_MF_MOVE); mmput(mm); out: NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); return err; out_put: put_task_struct(task); goto out; } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(migrate_pages, pid_t, pid, unsigned long, maxnode, const unsigned long __user *, old_nodes, const unsigned long __user *, new_nodes) { return kernel_migrate_pages(pid, maxnode, old_nodes, new_nodes); } /* Retrieve NUMA policy */ static int kernel_get_mempolicy(int __user *policy, unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode, unsigned long addr, unsigned long flags) { int err; int pval; nodemask_t nodes; if (nmask != NULL && maxnode < nr_node_ids) return -EINVAL; addr = untagged_addr(addr); err = do_get_mempolicy(&pval, &nodes, addr, flags); if (err) return err; if (policy && put_user(pval, policy)) return -EFAULT; if (nmask) err = copy_nodes_to_user(nmask, maxnode, &nodes); return err; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(get_mempolicy, int __user *, policy, unsigned long __user *, nmask, unsigned long, maxnode, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, flags) { return kernel_get_mempolicy(policy, nmask, maxnode, addr, flags); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE5(get_mempolicy, int __user *, policy, compat_ulong_t __user *, nmask, compat_ulong_t, maxnode, compat_ulong_t, addr, compat_ulong_t, flags) { long err; unsigned long __user *nm = NULL; unsigned long nr_bits, alloc_size; DECLARE_BITMAP(bm, MAX_NUMNODES); nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode-1, nr_node_ids); alloc_size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (nmask) nm = compat_alloc_user_space(alloc_size); err = kernel_get_mempolicy(policy, nm, nr_bits+1, addr, flags); if (!err && nmask) { unsigned long copy_size; copy_size = min_t(unsigned long, sizeof(bm), alloc_size); err = copy_from_user(bm, nm, copy_size); /* ensure entire bitmap is zeroed */ err |= clear_user(nmask, ALIGN(maxnode-1, 8) / 8); err |= compat_put_bitmap(nmask, bm, nr_bits); } return err; } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE3(set_mempolicy, int, mode, compat_ulong_t __user *, nmask, compat_ulong_t, maxnode) { unsigned long __user *nm = NULL; unsigned long nr_bits, alloc_size; DECLARE_BITMAP(bm, MAX_NUMNODES); nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode-1, MAX_NUMNODES); alloc_size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (nmask) { if (compat_get_bitmap(bm, nmask, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; nm = compat_alloc_user_space(alloc_size); if (copy_to_user(nm, bm, alloc_size)) return -EFAULT; } return kernel_set_mempolicy(mode, nm, nr_bits+1); } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mbind, compat_ulong_t, start, compat_ulong_t, len, compat_ulong_t, mode, compat_ulong_t __user *, nmask, compat_ulong_t, maxnode, compat_ulong_t, flags) { unsigned long __user *nm = NULL; unsigned long nr_bits, alloc_size; nodemask_t bm; nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode-1, MAX_NUMNODES); alloc_size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (nmask) { if (compat_get_bitmap(nodes_addr(bm), nmask, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; nm = compat_alloc_user_space(alloc_size); if (copy_to_user(nm, nodes_addr(bm), alloc_size)) return -EFAULT; } return kernel_mbind(start, len, mode, nm, nr_bits+1, flags); } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(migrate_pages, compat_pid_t, pid, compat_ulong_t, maxnode, const compat_ulong_t __user *, old_nodes, const compat_ulong_t __user *, new_nodes) { unsigned long __user *old = NULL; unsigned long __user *new = NULL; nodemask_t tmp_mask; unsigned long nr_bits; unsigned long size; nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode - 1, MAX_NUMNODES); size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (old_nodes) { if (compat_get_bitmap(nodes_addr(tmp_mask), old_nodes, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; old = compat_alloc_user_space(new_nodes ? size * 2 : size); if (new_nodes) new = old + size / sizeof(unsigned long); if (copy_to_user(old, nodes_addr(tmp_mask), size)) return -EFAULT; } if (new_nodes) { if (compat_get_bitmap(nodes_addr(tmp_mask), new_nodes, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; if (new == NULL) new = compat_alloc_user_space(size); if (copy_to_user(new, nodes_addr(tmp_mask), size)) return -EFAULT; } return kernel_migrate_pages(pid, nr_bits + 1, old, new); } #endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */ bool vma_migratable(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP)) return false; /* * DAX device mappings require predictable access latency, so avoid * incurring periodic faults. */ if (vma_is_dax(vma)) return false; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) && !hugepage_migration_supported(hstate_vma(vma))) return false; /* * Migration allocates pages in the highest zone. If we cannot * do so then migration (at least from node to node) is not * possible. */ if (vma->vm_file && gfp_zone(mapping_gfp_mask(vma->vm_file->f_mapping)) < policy_zone) return false; return true; } struct mempolicy *__get_vma_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct mempolicy *pol = NULL; if (vma) { if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy) { pol = vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, addr); } else if (vma->vm_policy) { pol = vma->vm_policy; /* * shmem_alloc_page() passes MPOL_F_SHARED policy with * a pseudo vma whose vma->vm_ops=NULL. Take a reference * count on these policies which will be dropped by * mpol_cond_put() later */ if (mpol_needs_cond_ref(pol)) mpol_get(pol); } } return pol; } /* * get_vma_policy(@vma, @addr) * @vma: virtual memory area whose policy is sought * @addr: address in @vma for shared policy lookup * * Returns effective policy for a VMA at specified address. * Falls back to current->mempolicy or system default policy, as necessary. * Shared policies [those marked as MPOL_F_SHARED] require an extra reference * count--added by the get_policy() vm_op, as appropriate--to protect against * freeing by another task. It is the caller's responsibility to free the * extra reference for shared policies. */ static struct mempolicy *get_vma_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct mempolicy *pol = __get_vma_policy(vma, addr); if (!pol) pol = get_task_policy(current); return pol; } bool vma_policy_mof(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct mempolicy *pol; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy) { bool ret = false; pol = vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, vma->vm_start); if (pol && (pol->flags & MPOL_F_MOF)) ret = true; mpol_cond_put(pol); return ret; } pol = vma->vm_policy; if (!pol) pol = get_task_policy(current); return pol->flags & MPOL_F_MOF; } static int apply_policy_zone(struct mempolicy *policy, enum zone_type zone) { enum zone_type dynamic_policy_zone = policy_zone; BUG_ON(dynamic_policy_zone == ZONE_MOVABLE); /* * if policy->v.nodes has movable memory only, * we apply policy when gfp_zone(gfp) = ZONE_MOVABLE only. * * policy->v.nodes is intersect with node_states[N_MEMORY]. * so if the following test faile, it implies * policy->v.nodes has movable memory only. */ if (!nodes_intersects(policy->v.nodes, node_states[N_HIGH_MEMORY])) dynamic_policy_zone = ZONE_MOVABLE; return zone >= dynamic_policy_zone; } /* * Return a nodemask representing a mempolicy for filtering nodes for * page allocation */ nodemask_t *policy_nodemask(gfp_t gfp, struct mempolicy *policy) { /* Lower zones don't get a nodemask applied for MPOL_BIND */ if (unlikely(policy->mode == MPOL_BIND) && apply_policy_zone(policy, gfp_zone(gfp)) && cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(&policy->v.nodes)) return &policy->v.nodes; return NULL; } /* Return the node id preferred by the given mempolicy, or the given id */ static int policy_node(gfp_t gfp, struct mempolicy *policy, int nd) { if (policy->mode == MPOL_PREFERRED && !(policy->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) nd = policy->v.preferred_node; else { /* * __GFP_THISNODE shouldn't even be used with the bind policy * because we might easily break the expectation to stay on the * requested node and not break the policy. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(policy->mode == MPOL_BIND && (gfp & __GFP_THISNODE)); } return nd; } /* Do dynamic interleaving for a process */ static unsigned interleave_nodes(struct mempolicy *policy) { unsigned next; struct task_struct *me = current; next = next_node_in(me->il_prev, policy->v.nodes); if (next < MAX_NUMNODES) me->il_prev = next; return next; } /* * Depending on the memory policy provide a node from which to allocate the * next slab entry. */ unsigned int mempolicy_slab_node(void) { struct mempolicy *policy; int node = numa_mem_id(); if (in_interrupt()) return node; policy = current->mempolicy; if (!policy || policy->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) return node; switch (policy->mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* * handled MPOL_F_LOCAL above */ return policy->v.preferred_node; case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: return interleave_nodes(policy); case MPOL_BIND: { struct zoneref *z; /* * Follow bind policy behavior and start allocation at the * first node. */ struct zonelist *zonelist; enum zone_type highest_zoneidx = gfp_zone(GFP_KERNEL); zonelist = &NODE_DATA(node)->node_zonelists[ZONELIST_FALLBACK]; z = first_zones_zonelist(zonelist, highest_zoneidx, &policy->v.nodes); return z->zone ? zone_to_nid(z->zone) : node; } default: BUG(); } } /* * Do static interleaving for a VMA with known offset @n. Returns the n'th * node in pol->v.nodes (starting from n=0), wrapping around if n exceeds the * number of present nodes. */ static unsigned offset_il_node(struct mempolicy *pol, unsigned long n) { unsigned nnodes = nodes_weight(pol->v.nodes); unsigned target; int i; int nid; if (!nnodes) return numa_node_id(); target = (unsigned int)n % nnodes; nid = first_node(pol->v.nodes); for (i = 0; i < target; i++) nid = next_node(nid, pol->v.nodes); return nid; } /* Determine a node number for interleave */ static inline unsigned interleave_nid(struct mempolicy *pol, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int shift) { if (vma) { unsigned long off; /* * for small pages, there is no difference between * shift and PAGE_SHIFT, so the bit-shift is safe. * for huge pages, since vm_pgoff is in units of small * pages, we need to shift off the always 0 bits to get * a useful offset. */ BUG_ON(shift < PAGE_SHIFT); off = vma->vm_pgoff >> (shift - PAGE_SHIFT); off += (addr - vma->vm_start) >> shift; return offset_il_node(pol, off); } else return interleave_nodes(pol); } #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLBFS /* * huge_node(@vma, @addr, @gfp_flags, @mpol) * @vma: virtual memory area whose policy is sought * @addr: address in @vma for shared policy lookup and interleave policy * @gfp_flags: for requested zone * @mpol: pointer to mempolicy pointer for reference counted mempolicy * @nodemask: pointer to nodemask pointer for MPOL_BIND nodemask * * Returns a nid suitable for a huge page allocation and a pointer * to the struct mempolicy for conditional unref after allocation. * If the effective policy is 'BIND, returns a pointer to the mempolicy's * @nodemask for filtering the zonelist. * * Must be protected by read_mems_allowed_begin() */ int huge_node(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct mempolicy **mpol, nodemask_t **nodemask) { int nid; *mpol = get_vma_policy(vma, addr); *nodemask = NULL; /* assume !MPOL_BIND */ if (unlikely((*mpol)->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE)) { nid = interleave_nid(*mpol, vma, addr, huge_page_shift(hstate_vma(vma))); } else { nid = policy_node(gfp_flags, *mpol, numa_node_id()); if ((*mpol)->mode == MPOL_BIND) *nodemask = &(*mpol)->v.nodes; } return nid; } /* * init_nodemask_of_mempolicy * * If the current task's mempolicy is "default" [NULL], return 'false' * to indicate default policy. Otherwise, extract the policy nodemask * for 'bind' or 'interleave' policy into the argument nodemask, or * initialize the argument nodemask to contain the single node for * 'preferred' or 'local' policy and return 'true' to indicate presence * of non-default mempolicy. * * We don't bother with reference counting the mempolicy [mpol_get/put] * because the current task is examining it's own mempolicy and a task's * mempolicy is only ever changed by the task itself. * * N.B., it is the caller's responsibility to free a returned nodemask. */ bool init_nodemask_of_mempolicy(nodemask_t *mask) { struct mempolicy *mempolicy; int nid; if (!(mask && current->mempolicy)) return false; task_lock(current); mempolicy = current->mempolicy; switch (mempolicy->mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (mempolicy->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) nid = numa_node_id(); else nid = mempolicy->v.preferred_node; init_nodemask_of_node(mask, nid); break; case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: *mask = mempolicy->v.nodes; break; default: BUG(); } task_unlock(current); return true; } #endif /* * mempolicy_nodemask_intersects * * If tsk's mempolicy is "default" [NULL], return 'true' to indicate default * policy. Otherwise, check for intersection between mask and the policy * nodemask for 'bind' or 'interleave' policy. For 'perferred' or 'local' * policy, always return true since it may allocate elsewhere on fallback. * * Takes task_lock(tsk) to prevent freeing of its mempolicy. */ bool mempolicy_nodemask_intersects(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *mask) { struct mempolicy *mempolicy; bool ret = true; if (!mask) return ret; task_lock(tsk); mempolicy = tsk->mempolicy; if (!mempolicy) goto out; switch (mempolicy->mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* * MPOL_PREFERRED and MPOL_F_LOCAL are only preferred nodes to * allocate from, they may fallback to other nodes when oom. * Thus, it's possible for tsk to have allocated memory from * nodes in mask. */ break; case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: ret = nodes_intersects(mempolicy->v.nodes, *mask); break; default: BUG(); } out: task_unlock(tsk); return ret; } /* Allocate a page in interleaved policy. Own path because it needs to do special accounting. */ static struct page *alloc_page_interleave(gfp_t gfp, unsigned order, unsigned nid) { struct page *page; page = __alloc_pages(gfp, order, nid); /* skip NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT counter update if numa stats is disabled */ if (!static_branch_likely(&vm_numa_stat_key)) return page; if (page && page_to_nid(page) == nid) { preempt_disable(); __inc_numa_state(page_zone(page), NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT); preempt_enable(); } return page; } /** * alloc_pages_vma - Allocate a page for a VMA. * * @gfp: * %GFP_USER user allocation. * %GFP_KERNEL kernel allocations, * %GFP_HIGHMEM highmem/user allocations, * %GFP_FS allocation should not call back into a file system. * %GFP_ATOMIC don't sleep. * * @order:Order of the GFP allocation. * @vma: Pointer to VMA or NULL if not available. * @addr: Virtual Address of the allocation. Must be inside the VMA. * @node: Which node to prefer for allocation (modulo policy). * @hugepage: for hugepages try only the preferred node if possible * * This function allocates a page from the kernel page pool and applies * a NUMA policy associated with the VMA or the current process. * When VMA is not NULL caller must read-lock the mmap_lock of the * mm_struct of the VMA to prevent it from going away. Should be used for * all allocations for pages that will be mapped into user space. Returns * NULL when no page can be allocated. */ struct page * alloc_pages_vma(gfp_t gfp, int order, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int node, bool hugepage) { struct mempolicy *pol; struct page *page; int preferred_nid; nodemask_t *nmask; pol = get_vma_policy(vma, addr); if (pol->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) { unsigned nid; nid = interleave_nid(pol, vma, addr, PAGE_SHIFT + order); mpol_cond_put(pol); page = alloc_page_interleave(gfp, order, nid); goto out; } if (unlikely(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && hugepage)) { int hpage_node = node; /* * For hugepage allocation and non-interleave policy which * allows the current node (or other explicitly preferred * node) we only try to allocate from the current/preferred * node and don't fall back to other nodes, as the cost of * remote accesses would likely offset THP benefits. * * If the policy is interleave, or does not allow the current * node in its nodemask, we allocate the standard way. */ if (pol->mode == MPOL_PREFERRED && !(pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) hpage_node = pol->v.preferred_node; nmask = policy_nodemask(gfp, pol); if (!nmask || node_isset(hpage_node, *nmask)) { mpol_cond_put(pol); /* * First, try to allocate THP only on local node, but * don't reclaim unnecessarily, just compact. */ page = __alloc_pages_node(hpage_node, gfp | __GFP_THISNODE | __GFP_NORETRY, order); /* * If hugepage allocations are configured to always * synchronous compact or the vma has been madvised * to prefer hugepage backing, retry allowing remote * memory with both reclaim and compact as well. */ if (!page && (gfp & __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM)) page = __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp, order, hpage_node, nmask); goto out; } } nmask = policy_nodemask(gfp, pol); preferred_nid = policy_node(gfp, pol, node); page = __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp, order, preferred_nid, nmask); mpol_cond_put(pol); out: return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_pages_vma); /** * alloc_pages_current - Allocate pages. * * @gfp: * %GFP_USER user allocation, * %GFP_KERNEL kernel allocation, * %GFP_HIGHMEM highmem allocation, * %GFP_FS don't call back into a file system. * %GFP_ATOMIC don't sleep. * @order: Power of two of allocation size in pages. 0 is a single page. * * Allocate a page from the kernel page pool. When not in * interrupt context and apply the current process NUMA policy. * Returns NULL when no page can be allocated. */ struct page *alloc_pages_current(gfp_t gfp, unsigned order) { struct mempolicy *pol = &default_policy; struct page *page; if (!in_interrupt() && !(gfp & __GFP_THISNODE)) pol = get_task_policy(current); /* * No reference counting needed for current->mempolicy * nor system default_policy */ if (pol->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) page = alloc_page_interleave(gfp, order, interleave_nodes(pol)); else page = __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp, order, policy_node(gfp, pol, numa_node_id()), policy_nodemask(gfp, pol)); return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_pages_current); int vma_dup_policy(struct vm_area_struct *src, struct vm_area_struct *dst) { struct mempolicy *pol = mpol_dup(vma_policy(src)); if (IS_ERR(pol)) return PTR_ERR(pol); dst->vm_policy = pol; return 0; } /* * If mpol_dup() sees current->cpuset == cpuset_being_rebound, then it * rebinds the mempolicy its copying by calling mpol_rebind_policy() * with the mems_allowed returned by cpuset_mems_allowed(). This * keeps mempolicies cpuset relative after its cpuset moves. See * further kernel/cpuset.c update_nodemask(). * * current's mempolicy may be rebinded by the other task(the task that changes * cpuset's mems), so we needn't do rebind work for current task. */ /* Slow path of a mempolicy duplicate */ struct mempolicy *__mpol_dup(struct mempolicy *old) { struct mempolicy *new = kmem_cache_alloc(policy_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!new) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* task's mempolicy is protected by alloc_lock */ if (old == current->mempolicy) { task_lock(current); *new = *old; task_unlock(current); } else *new = *old; if (current_cpuset_is_being_rebound()) { nodemask_t mems = cpuset_mems_allowed(current); mpol_rebind_policy(new, &mems); } atomic_set(&new->refcnt, 1); return new; } /* Slow path of a mempolicy comparison */ bool __mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b) { if (!a || !b) return false; if (a->mode != b->mode) return false; if (a->flags != b->flags) return false; if (mpol_store_user_nodemask(a)) if (!nodes_equal(a->w.user_nodemask, b->w.user_nodemask)) return false; switch (a->mode) { case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: return !!nodes_equal(a->v.nodes, b->v.nodes); case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* a's ->flags is the same as b's */ if (a->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) return true; return a->v.preferred_node == b->v.preferred_node; default: BUG(); return false; } } /* * Shared memory backing store policy support. * * Remember policies even when nobody has shared memory mapped. * The policies are kept in Red-Black tree linked from the inode. * They are protected by the sp->lock rwlock, which should be held * for any accesses to the tree. */ /* * lookup first element intersecting start-end. Caller holds sp->lock for * reading or for writing */ static struct sp_node * sp_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { struct rb_node *n = sp->root.rb_node; while (n) { struct sp_node *p = rb_entry(n, struct sp_node, nd); if (start >= p->end) n = n->rb_right; else if (end <= p->start) n = n->rb_left; else break; } if (!n) return NULL; for (;;) { struct sp_node *w = NULL; struct rb_node *prev = rb_prev(n); if (!prev) break; w = rb_entry(prev, struct sp_node, nd); if (w->end <= start) break; n = prev; } return rb_entry(n, struct sp_node, nd); } /* * Insert a new shared policy into the list. Caller holds sp->lock for * writing. */ static void sp_insert(struct shared_policy *sp, struct sp_node *new) { struct rb_node **p = &sp->root.rb_node; struct rb_node *parent = NULL; struct sp_node *nd; while (*p) { parent = *p; nd = rb_entry(parent, struct sp_node, nd); if (new->start < nd->start) p = &(*p)->rb_left; else if (new->end > nd->end) p = &(*p)->rb_right; else BUG(); } rb_link_node(&new->nd, parent, p); rb_insert_color(&new->nd, &sp->root); pr_debug("inserting %lx-%lx: %d\n", new->start, new->end, new->policy ? new->policy->mode : 0); } /* Find shared policy intersecting idx */ struct mempolicy * mpol_shared_policy_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long idx) { struct mempolicy *pol = NULL; struct sp_node *sn; if (!sp->root.rb_node) return NULL; read_lock(&sp->lock); sn = sp_lookup(sp, idx, idx+1); if (sn) { mpol_get(sn->policy); pol = sn->policy; } read_unlock(&sp->lock); return pol; } static void sp_free(struct sp_node *n) { mpol_put(n->policy); kmem_cache_free(sn_cache, n); } /** * mpol_misplaced - check whether current page node is valid in policy * * @page: page to be checked * @vma: vm area where page mapped * @addr: virtual address where page mapped * * Lookup current policy node id for vma,addr and "compare to" page's * node id. * * Returns: * -1 - not misplaced, page is in the right node * node - node id where the page should be * * Policy determination "mimics" alloc_page_vma(). * Called from fault path where we know the vma and faulting address. */ int mpol_misplaced(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct mempolicy *pol; struct zoneref *z; int curnid = page_to_nid(page); unsigned long pgoff; int thiscpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); int thisnid = cpu_to_node(thiscpu); int polnid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int ret = -1; pol = get_vma_policy(vma, addr); if (!(pol->flags & MPOL_F_MOF)) goto out; switch (pol->mode) { case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: pgoff = vma->vm_pgoff; pgoff += (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; polnid = offset_il_node(pol, pgoff); break; case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) polnid = numa_node_id(); else polnid = pol->v.preferred_node; break; case MPOL_BIND: /* * allows binding to multiple nodes. * use current page if in policy nodemask, * else select nearest allowed node, if any. * If no allowed nodes, use current [!misplaced]. */ if (node_isset(curnid, pol->v.nodes)) goto out; z = first_zones_zonelist( node_zonelist(numa_node_id(), GFP_HIGHUSER), gfp_zone(GFP_HIGHUSER), &pol->v.nodes); polnid = zone_to_nid(z->zone); break; default: BUG(); } /* Migrate the page towards the node whose CPU is referencing it */ if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_MORON) { polnid = thisnid; if (!should_numa_migrate_memory(current, page, curnid, thiscpu)) goto out; } if (curnid != polnid) ret = polnid; out: mpol_cond_put(pol); return ret; } /* * Drop the (possibly final) reference to task->mempolicy. It needs to be * dropped after task->mempolicy is set to NULL so that any allocation done as * part of its kmem_cache_free(), such as by KASAN, doesn't reference a freed * policy. */ void mpol_put_task_policy(struct task_struct *task) { struct mempolicy *pol; task_lock(task); pol = task->mempolicy; task->mempolicy = NULL; task_unlock(task); mpol_put(pol); } static void sp_delete(struct shared_policy *sp, struct sp_node *n) { pr_debug("deleting %lx-l%lx\n", n->start, n->end); rb_erase(&n->nd, &sp->root); sp_free(n); } static void sp_node_init(struct sp_node *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mempolicy *pol) { node->start = start; node->end = end; node->policy = pol; } static struct sp_node *sp_alloc(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mempolicy *pol) { struct sp_node *n; struct mempolicy *newpol; n = kmem_cache_alloc(sn_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!n) return NULL; newpol = mpol_dup(pol); if (IS_ERR(newpol)) { kmem_cache_free(sn_cache, n); return NULL; } newpol->flags |= MPOL_F_SHARED; sp_node_init(n, start, end, newpol); return n; } /* Replace a policy range. */ static int shared_policy_replace(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct sp_node *new) { struct sp_node *n; struct sp_node *n_new = NULL; struct mempolicy *mpol_new = NULL; int ret = 0; restart: write_lock(&sp->lock); n = sp_lookup(sp, start, end); /* Take care of old policies in the same range. */ while (n && n->start < end) { struct rb_node *next = rb_next(&n->nd); if (n->start >= start) { if (n->end <= end) sp_delete(sp, n); else n->start = end; } else { /* Old policy spanning whole new range. */ if (n->end > end) { if (!n_new) goto alloc_new; *mpol_new = *n->policy; atomic_set(&mpol_new->refcnt, 1); sp_node_init(n_new, end, n->end, mpol_new); n->end = start; sp_insert(sp, n_new); n_new = NULL; mpol_new = NULL; break; } else n->end = start; } if (!next) break; n = rb_entry(next, struct sp_node, nd); } if (new) sp_insert(sp, new); write_unlock(&sp->lock); ret = 0; err_out: if (mpol_new) mpol_put(mpol_new); if (n_new) kmem_cache_free(sn_cache, n_new); return ret; alloc_new: write_unlock(&sp->lock); ret = -ENOMEM; n_new = kmem_cache_alloc(sn_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!n_new) goto err_out; mpol_new = kmem_cache_alloc(policy_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!mpol_new) goto err_out; goto restart; } /** * mpol_shared_policy_init - initialize shared policy for inode * @sp: pointer to inode shared policy * @mpol: struct mempolicy to install * * Install non-NULL @mpol in inode's shared policy rb-tree. * On entry, the current task has a reference on a non-NULL @mpol. * This must be released on exit. * This is called at get_inode() calls and we can use GFP_KERNEL. */ void mpol_shared_policy_init(struct shared_policy *sp, struct mempolicy *mpol) { int ret; sp->root = RB_ROOT; /* empty tree == default mempolicy */ rwlock_init(&sp->lock); if (mpol) { struct vm_area_struct pvma; struct mempolicy *new; NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); if (!scratch) goto put_mpol; /* contextualize the tmpfs mount point mempolicy */ new = mpol_new(mpol->mode, mpol->flags, &mpol->w.user_nodemask); if (IS_ERR(new)) goto free_scratch; /* no valid nodemask intersection */ task_lock(current); ret = mpol_set_nodemask(new, &mpol->w.user_nodemask, scratch); task_unlock(current); if (ret) goto put_new; /* Create pseudo-vma that contains just the policy */ vma_init(&pvma, NULL); pvma.vm_end = TASK_SIZE; /* policy covers entire file */ mpol_set_shared_policy(sp, &pvma, new); /* adds ref */ put_new: mpol_put(new); /* drop initial ref */ free_scratch: NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); put_mpol: mpol_put(mpol); /* drop our incoming ref on sb mpol */ } } int mpol_set_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *info, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *npol) { int err; struct sp_node *new = NULL; unsigned long sz = vma_pages(vma); pr_debug("set_shared_policy %lx sz %lu %d %d %lx\n", vma->vm_pgoff, sz, npol ? npol->mode : -1, npol ? npol->flags : -1, npol ? nodes_addr(npol->v.nodes)[0] : NUMA_NO_NODE); if (npol) { new = sp_alloc(vma->vm_pgoff, vma->vm_pgoff + sz, npol); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; } err = shared_policy_replace(info, vma->vm_pgoff, vma->vm_pgoff+sz, new); if (err && new) sp_free(new); return err; } /* Free a backing policy store on inode delete. */ void mpol_free_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *p) { struct sp_node *n; struct rb_node *next; if (!p->root.rb_node) return; write_lock(&p->lock); next = rb_first(&p->root); while (next) { n = rb_entry(next, struct sp_node, nd); next = rb_next(&n->nd); sp_delete(p, n); } write_unlock(&p->lock); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING static int __initdata numabalancing_override; static void __init check_numabalancing_enable(void) { bool numabalancing_default = false; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING_DEFAULT_ENABLED)) numabalancing_default = true; /* Parsed by setup_numabalancing. override == 1 enables, -1 disables */ if (numabalancing_override) set_numabalancing_state(numabalancing_override == 1); if (num_online_nodes() > 1 && !numabalancing_override) { pr_info("%s automatic NUMA balancing. Configure with numa_balancing= or the kernel.numa_balancing sysctl\n", numabalancing_default ? "Enabling" : "Disabling"); set_numabalancing_state(numabalancing_default); } } static int __init setup_numabalancing(char *str) { int ret = 0; if (!str) goto out; if (!strcmp(str, "enable")) { numabalancing_override = 1; ret = 1; } else if (!strcmp(str, "disable")) { numabalancing_override = -1; ret = 1; } out: if (!ret) pr_warn("Unable to parse numa_balancing=\n"); return ret; } __setup("numa_balancing=", setup_numabalancing); #else static inline void __init check_numabalancing_enable(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ /* assumes fs == KERNEL_DS */ void __init numa_policy_init(void) { nodemask_t interleave_nodes; unsigned long largest = 0; int nid, prefer = 0; policy_cache = kmem_cache_create("numa_policy", sizeof(struct mempolicy), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); sn_cache = kmem_cache_create("shared_policy_node", sizeof(struct sp_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); for_each_node(nid) { preferred_node_policy[nid] = (struct mempolicy) { .refcnt = ATOMIC_INIT(1), .mode = MPOL_PREFERRED, .flags = MPOL_F_MOF | MPOL_F_MORON, .v = { .preferred_node = nid, }, }; } /* * Set interleaving policy for system init. Interleaving is only * enabled across suitably sized nodes (default is >= 16MB), or * fall back to the largest node if they're all smaller. */ nodes_clear(interleave_nodes); for_each_node_state(nid, N_MEMORY) { unsigned long total_pages = node_present_pages(nid); /* Preserve the largest node */ if (largest < total_pages) { largest = total_pages; prefer = nid; } /* Interleave this node? */ if ((total_pages << PAGE_SHIFT) >= (16 << 20)) node_set(nid, interleave_nodes); } /* All too small, use the largest */ if (unlikely(nodes_empty(interleave_nodes))) node_set(prefer, interleave_nodes); if (do_set_mempolicy(MPOL_INTERLEAVE, 0, &interleave_nodes)) pr_err("%s: interleaving failed\n", __func__); check_numabalancing_enable(); } /* Reset policy of current process to default */ void numa_default_policy(void) { do_set_mempolicy(MPOL_DEFAULT, 0, NULL); } /* * Parse and format mempolicy from/to strings */ /* * "local" is implemented internally by MPOL_PREFERRED with MPOL_F_LOCAL flag. */ static const char * const policy_modes[] = { [MPOL_DEFAULT] = "default", [MPOL_PREFERRED] = "prefer", [MPOL_BIND] = "bind", [MPOL_INTERLEAVE] = "interleave", [MPOL_LOCAL] = "local", }; #ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS /** * mpol_parse_str - parse string to mempolicy, for tmpfs mpol mount option. * @str: string containing mempolicy to parse * @mpol: pointer to struct mempolicy pointer, returned on success. * * Format of input: * <mode>[=<flags>][:<nodelist>] * * On success, returns 0, else 1 */ int mpol_parse_str(char *str, struct mempolicy **mpol) { struct mempolicy *new = NULL; unsigned short mode_flags; nodemask_t nodes; char *nodelist = strchr(str, ':'); char *flags = strchr(str, '='); int err = 1, mode; if (flags) *flags++ = '\0'; /* terminate mode string */ if (nodelist) { /* NUL-terminate mode or flags string */ *nodelist++ = '\0'; if (nodelist_parse(nodelist, nodes)) goto out; if (!nodes_subset(nodes, node_states[N_MEMORY])) goto out; } else nodes_clear(nodes); mode = match_string(policy_modes, MPOL_MAX, str); if (mode < 0) goto out; switch (mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* * Insist on a nodelist of one node only, although later * we use first_node(nodes) to grab a single node, so here * nodelist (or nodes) cannot be empty. */ if (nodelist) { char *rest = nodelist; while (isdigit(*rest)) rest++; if (*rest) goto out; if (nodes_empty(nodes)) goto out; } break; case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: /* * Default to online nodes with memory if no nodelist */ if (!nodelist) nodes = node_states[N_MEMORY]; break; case MPOL_LOCAL: /* * Don't allow a nodelist; mpol_new() checks flags */ if (nodelist) goto out; mode = MPOL_PREFERRED; break; case MPOL_DEFAULT: /* * Insist on a empty nodelist */ if (!nodelist) err = 0; goto out; case MPOL_BIND: /* * Insist on a nodelist */ if (!nodelist) goto out; } mode_flags = 0; if (flags) { /* * Currently, we only support two mutually exclusive * mode flags. */ if (!strcmp(flags, "static")) mode_flags |= MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES; else if (!strcmp(flags, "relative")) mode_flags |= MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES; else goto out; } new = mpol_new(mode, mode_flags, &nodes); if (IS_ERR(new)) goto out; /* * Save nodes for mpol_to_str() to show the tmpfs mount options * for /proc/mounts, /proc/pid/mounts and /proc/pid/mountinfo. */ if (mode != MPOL_PREFERRED) new->v.nodes = nodes; else if (nodelist) new->v.preferred_node = first_node(nodes); else new->flags |= MPOL_F_LOCAL; /* * Save nodes for contextualization: this will be used to "clone" * the mempolicy in a specific context [cpuset] at a later time. */ new->w.user_nodemask = nodes; err = 0; out: /* Restore string for error message */ if (nodelist) *--nodelist = ':'; if (flags) *--flags = '='; if (!err) *mpol = new; return err; } #endif /* CONFIG_TMPFS */ /** * mpol_to_str - format a mempolicy structure for printing * @buffer: to contain formatted mempolicy string * @maxlen: length of @buffer * @pol: pointer to mempolicy to be formatted * * Convert @pol into a string. If @buffer is too short, truncate the string. * Recommend a @maxlen of at least 32 for the longest mode, "interleave", the * longest flag, "relative", and to display at least a few node ids. */ void mpol_to_str(char *buffer, int maxlen, struct mempolicy *pol) { char *p = buffer; nodemask_t nodes = NODE_MASK_NONE; unsigned short mode = MPOL_DEFAULT; unsigned short flags = 0; if (pol && pol != &default_policy && !(pol->flags & MPOL_F_MORON)) { mode = pol->mode; flags = pol->flags; } switch (mode) { case MPOL_DEFAULT: break; case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) mode = MPOL_LOCAL; else node_set(pol->v.preferred_node, nodes); break; case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: nodes = pol->v.nodes; break; default: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); snprintf(p, maxlen, "unknown"); return; } p += snprintf(p, maxlen, "%s", policy_modes[mode]); if (flags & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS) { p += snprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, "="); /* * Currently, the only defined flags are mutually exclusive */ if (flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) p += snprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, "static"); else if (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) p += snprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, "relative"); } if (!nodes_empty(nodes)) p += scnprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, ":%*pbl", nodemask_pr_args(&nodes)); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Variant of atomic_t specialized for reference counts. * * The interface matches the atomic_t interface (to aid in porting) but only * provides the few functions one should use for reference counting. * * Saturation semantics * ==================== * * refcount_t differs from atomic_t in that the counter saturates at * REFCOUNT_SATURATED and will not move once there. This avoids wrapping the * counter and causing 'spurious' use-after-free issues. In order to avoid the * cost associated with introducing cmpxchg() loops into all of the saturating * operations, we temporarily allow the counter to take on an unchecked value * and then explicitly set it to REFCOUNT_SATURATED on detecting that underflow * or overflow has occurred. Although this is racy when multiple threads * access the refcount concurrently, by placing REFCOUNT_SATURATED roughly * equidistant from 0 and INT_MAX we minimise the scope for error: * * INT_MAX REFCOUNT_SATURATED UINT_MAX * 0 (0x7fff_ffff) (0xc000_0000) (0xffff_ffff) * +--------------------------------+----------------+----------------+ * <---------- bad value! ----------> * * (in a signed view of the world, the "bad value" range corresponds to * a negative counter value). * * As an example, consider a refcount_inc() operation that causes the counter * to overflow: * * int old = atomic_fetch_add_relaxed(r); * // old is INT_MAX, refcount now INT_MIN (0x8000_0000) * if (old < 0) * atomic_set(r, REFCOUNT_SATURATED); * * If another thread also performs a refcount_inc() operation between the two * atomic operations, then the count will continue to edge closer to 0. If it * reaches a value of 1 before /any/ of the threads reset it to the saturated * value, then a concurrent refcount_dec_and_test() may erroneously free the * underlying object. * Linux limits the maximum number of tasks to PID_MAX_LIMIT, which is currently * 0x400000 (and can't easily be raised in the future beyond FUTEX_TID_MASK). * With the current PID limit, if no batched refcounting operations are used and * the attacker can't repeatedly trigger kernel oopses in the middle of refcount * operations, this makes it impossible for a saturated refcount to leave the * saturation range, even if it is possible for multiple uses of the same * refcount to nest in the context of a single task: * * (UINT_MAX+1-REFCOUNT_SATURATED) / PID_MAX_LIMIT = * 0x40000000 / 0x400000 = 0x100 = 256 * * If hundreds of references are added/removed with a single refcounting * operation, it may potentially be possible to leave the saturation range; but * given the precise timing details involved with the round-robin scheduling of * each thread manipulating the refcount and the need to hit the race multiple * times in succession, there doesn't appear to be a practical avenue of attack * even if using refcount_add() operations with larger increments. * * Memory ordering * =============== * * Memory ordering rules are slightly relaxed wrt regular atomic_t functions * and provide only what is strictly required for refcounts. * * The increments are fully relaxed; these will not provide ordering. The * rationale is that whatever is used to obtain the object we're increasing the * reference count on will provide the ordering. For locked data structures, * its the lock acquire, for RCU/lockless data structures its the dependent * load. * * Do note that inc_not_zero() provides a control dependency which will order * future stores against the inc, this ensures we'll never modify the object * if we did not in fact acquire a reference. * * The decrements will provide release order, such that all the prior loads and * stores will be issued before, it also provides a control dependency, which * will order us against the subsequent free(). * * The control dependency is against the load of the cmpxchg (ll/sc) that * succeeded. This means the stores aren't fully ordered, but this is fine * because the 1->0 transition indicates no concurrency. * * Note that the allocator is responsible for ordering things between free() * and alloc(). * * The decrements dec_and_test() and sub_and_test() also provide acquire * ordering on success. * */ #ifndef _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H #define _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/spinlock_types.h> struct mutex; /** * struct refcount_t - variant of atomic_t specialized for reference counts * @refs: atomic_t counter field * * The counter saturates at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and will not move once * there. This avoids wrapping the counter and causing 'spurious' * use-after-free bugs. */ typedef struct refcount_struct { atomic_t refs; } refcount_t; #define REFCOUNT_INIT(n) { .refs = ATOMIC_INIT(n), } #define REFCOUNT_MAX INT_MAX #define REFCOUNT_SATURATED (INT_MIN / 2) enum refcount_saturation_type { REFCOUNT_ADD_NOT_ZERO_OVF, REFCOUNT_ADD_OVF, REFCOUNT_ADD_UAF, REFCOUNT_SUB_UAF, REFCOUNT_DEC_LEAK, }; void refcount_warn_saturate(refcount_t *r, enum refcount_saturation_type t); /** * refcount_set - set a refcount's value * @r: the refcount * @n: value to which the refcount will be set */ static inline void refcount_set(refcount_t *r, int n) { atomic_set(&r->refs, n); } /** * refcount_read - get a refcount's value * @r: the refcount * * Return: the refcount's value */ static inline unsigned int refcount_read(const refcount_t *r) { return atomic_read(&r->refs); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_add_not_zero(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = refcount_read(r); do { if (!old) break; } while (!atomic_try_cmpxchg_relaxed(&r->refs, &old, old + i)); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(old < 0 || old + i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_NOT_ZERO_OVF); return old; } /** * refcount_add_not_zero - add a value to a refcount unless it is 0 * @i: the value to add to the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_inc(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * increment a reference count. * * Return: false if the passed refcount is 0, true otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_add_not_zero(int i, refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_add_not_zero(i, r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_add(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_add_relaxed(i, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(!old)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_UAF); else if (unlikely(old < 0 || old + i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_OVF); } /** * refcount_add - add a value to a refcount * @i: the value to add to the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_add(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_inc(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * increment a reference count. */ static inline void refcount_add(int i, refcount_t *r) { __refcount_add(i, r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_inc_not_zero(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { return __refcount_add_not_zero(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_inc_not_zero - increment a refcount unless it is 0 * @r: the refcount to increment * * Similar to atomic_inc_not_zero(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED * and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Return: true if the increment was successful, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_inc_not_zero(refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_inc_not_zero(r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_inc(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { __refcount_add(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_inc - increment a refcount * @r: the refcount to increment * * Similar to atomic_inc(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller already has a * reference on the object. * * Will WARN if the refcount is 0, as this represents a possible use-after-free * condition. */ static inline void refcount_inc(refcount_t *r) { __refcount_inc(r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_sub_and_test(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_sub_release(i, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (old == i) { smp_acquire__after_ctrl_dep(); return true; } if (unlikely(old < 0 || old - i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_SUB_UAF); return false; } /** * refcount_sub_and_test - subtract from a refcount and test if it is 0 * @i: amount to subtract from the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec_and_test(), but it will WARN, return false and * ultimately leak on underflow and will fail to decrement when saturated * at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before, and provides an acquire ordering on success such that free() * must come after. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_dec(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * decrement a reference count. * * Return: true if the resulting refcount is 0, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_sub_and_test(int i, refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_sub_and_test(i, r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { return __refcount_sub_and_test(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_dec_and_test - decrement a refcount and test if it is 0 * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec_and_test(), it will WARN on underflow and fail to * decrement when saturated at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before, and provides an acquire ordering on success such that free() * must come after. * * Return: true if the resulting refcount is 0, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_dec_and_test(r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_dec(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_sub_release(1, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(old <= 1)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_DEC_LEAK); } /** * refcount_dec - decrement a refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec(), it will WARN on underflow and fail to decrement * when saturated at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before. */ static inline void refcount_dec(refcount_t *r) { __refcount_dec(r, NULL); } extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_if_one(refcount_t *r); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_not_one(refcount_t *r); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_mutex_lock(refcount_t *r, struct mutex *lock); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_lock(refcount_t *r, spinlock_t *lock); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_lock_irqsave(refcount_t *r, spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long *flags); #endif /* _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * SR-IPv6 implementation * * Author: * David Lebrun <david.lebrun@uclouvain.be> */ #ifndef _NET_SEG6_H #define _NET_SEG6_H #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/seg6.h> #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> static inline void update_csum_diff4(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 from, __be32 to) { __be32 diff[] = { ~from, to }; skb->csum = ~csum_partial((char *)diff, sizeof(diff), ~skb->csum); } static inline void update_csum_diff16(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 *from, __be32 *to) { __be32 diff[] = { ~from[0], ~from[1], ~from[2], ~from[3], to[0], to[1], to[2], to[3], }; skb->csum = ~csum_partial((char *)diff, sizeof(diff), ~skb->csum); } struct seg6_pernet_data { struct mutex lock; struct in6_addr __rcu *tun_src; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SEG6_HMAC struct rhashtable hmac_infos; #endif }; static inline struct seg6_pernet_data *seg6_pernet(struct net *net) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) return net->ipv6.seg6_data; #else return NULL; #endif } extern int seg6_init(void); extern void seg6_exit(void); extern int seg6_iptunnel_init(void); extern void seg6_iptunnel_exit(void); extern int seg6_local_init(void); extern void seg6_local_exit(void); extern bool seg6_validate_srh(struct ipv6_sr_hdr *srh, int len, bool reduced); extern int seg6_do_srh_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_sr_hdr *osrh, int proto); extern int seg6_do_srh_inline(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_sr_hdr *osrh); extern int seg6_lookup_nexthop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct in6_addr *nhaddr, u32 tbl_id); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_EXTEND_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_EXTEND_H #include <linux/slab.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h> enum nf_ct_ext_id { NF_CT_EXT_HELPER, #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) NF_CT_EXT_NAT, #endif NF_CT_EXT_SEQADJ, NF_CT_EXT_ACCT, #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_EVENTS NF_CT_EXT_ECACHE, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_TIMESTAMP NF_CT_EXT_TSTAMP, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_TIMEOUT NF_CT_EXT_TIMEOUT, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_LABELS NF_CT_EXT_LABELS, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_SYNPROXY) NF_CT_EXT_SYNPROXY, #endif NF_CT_EXT_NUM, }; #define NF_CT_EXT_HELPER_TYPE struct nf_conn_help #define NF_CT_EXT_NAT_TYPE struct nf_conn_nat #define NF_CT_EXT_SEQADJ_TYPE struct nf_conn_seqadj #define NF_CT_EXT_ACCT_TYPE struct nf_conn_acct #define NF_CT_EXT_ECACHE_TYPE struct nf_conntrack_ecache #define NF_CT_EXT_TSTAMP_TYPE struct nf_conn_tstamp #define NF_CT_EXT_TIMEOUT_TYPE struct nf_conn_timeout #define NF_CT_EXT_LABELS_TYPE struct nf_conn_labels #define NF_CT_EXT_SYNPROXY_TYPE struct nf_conn_synproxy /* Extensions: optional stuff which isn't permanently in struct. */ struct nf_ct_ext { u8 offset[NF_CT_EXT_NUM]; u8 len; char data[]; }; static inline bool __nf_ct_ext_exist(const struct nf_ct_ext *ext, u8 id) { return !!ext->offset[id]; } static inline bool nf_ct_ext_exist(const struct nf_conn *ct, u8 id) { return (ct->ext && __nf_ct_ext_exist(ct->ext, id)); } static inline void *__nf_ct_ext_find(const struct nf_conn *ct, u8 id) { if (!nf_ct_ext_exist(ct, id)) return NULL; return (void *)ct->ext + ct->ext->offset[id]; } #define nf_ct_ext_find(ext, id) \ ((id##_TYPE *)__nf_ct_ext_find((ext), (id))) /* Destroy all relationships */ void nf_ct_ext_destroy(struct nf_conn *ct); /* Add this type, returns pointer to data or NULL. */ void *nf_ct_ext_add(struct nf_conn *ct, enum nf_ct_ext_id id, gfp_t gfp); struct nf_ct_ext_type { /* Destroys relationships (can be NULL). */ void (*destroy)(struct nf_conn *ct); enum nf_ct_ext_id id; /* Length and min alignment. */ u8 len; u8 align; }; int nf_ct_extend_register(const struct nf_ct_ext_type *type); void nf_ct_extend_unregister(const struct nf_ct_ext_type *type); #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_EXTEND_H */
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3818 3819 3820 3821 3822 3823 3824 3825 3826 3827 3828 3829 3830 3831 3832 3833 3834 3835 3836 3837 3838 3839 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * mm/mmap.c * * Written by obz. * * Address space accounting code <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/vmacache.h> #include <linux/shm.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/shmem_fs.h> #include <linux/profile.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/khugepaged.h> #include <linux/uprobes.h> #include <linux/rbtree_augmented.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/memory.h> #include <linux/printk.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/moduleparam.h> #include <linux/pkeys.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/mmap.h> #include "internal.h" #ifndef arch_mmap_check #define arch_mmap_check(addr, len, flags) (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS const int mmap_rnd_bits_min = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS_MIN; const int mmap_rnd_bits_max = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS_MAX; int mmap_rnd_bits __read_mostly = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_min = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS_MIN; const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_max = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS_MAX; int mmap_rnd_compat_bits __read_mostly = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS; #endif static bool ignore_rlimit_data; core_param(ignore_rlimit_data, ignore_rlimit_data, bool, 0644); static void unmap_region(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); /* description of effects of mapping type and prot in current implementation. * this is due to the limited x86 page protection hardware. The expected * behavior is in parens: * * map_type prot * PROT_NONE PROT_READ PROT_WRITE PROT_EXEC * MAP_SHARED r: (no) no r: (yes) yes r: (no) yes r: (no) yes * w: (no) no w: (no) no w: (yes) yes w: (no) no * x: (no) no x: (no) yes x: (no) yes x: (yes) yes * * MAP_PRIVATE r: (no) no r: (yes) yes r: (no) yes r: (no) yes * w: (no) no w: (no) no w: (copy) copy w: (no) no * x: (no) no x: (no) yes x: (no) yes x: (yes) yes */ pgprot_t protection_map[16] __ro_after_init = { __P000, __P001, __P010, __P011, __P100, __P101, __P110, __P111, __S000, __S001, __S010, __S011, __S100, __S101, __S110, __S111 }; #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_FILTER_PGPROT static inline pgprot_t arch_filter_pgprot(pgprot_t prot) { return prot; } #endif pgprot_t vm_get_page_prot(unsigned long vm_flags) { pgprot_t ret = __pgprot(pgprot_val(protection_map[vm_flags & (VM_READ|VM_WRITE|VM_EXEC|VM_SHARED)]) | pgprot_val(arch_vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags))); return arch_filter_pgprot(ret); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_get_page_prot); static pgprot_t vm_pgprot_modify(pgprot_t oldprot, unsigned long vm_flags) { return pgprot_modify(oldprot, vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags)); } /* Update vma->vm_page_prot to reflect vma->vm_flags. */ void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vm_flags = vma->vm_flags; pgprot_t vm_page_prot; vm_page_prot = vm_pgprot_modify(vma->vm_page_prot, vm_flags); if (vma_wants_writenotify(vma, vm_page_prot)) { vm_flags &= ~VM_SHARED; vm_page_prot = vm_pgprot_modify(vm_page_prot, vm_flags); } /* remove_protection_ptes reads vma->vm_page_prot without mmap_lock */ WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_page_prot, vm_page_prot); } /* * Requires inode->i_mapping->i_mmap_rwsem */ static void __remove_shared_vm_struct(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE) allow_write_access(file); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) mapping_unmap_writable(mapping); flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping); vma_interval_tree_remove(vma, &mapping->i_mmap); flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping); } /* * Unlink a file-based vm structure from its interval tree, to hide * vma from rmap and vmtruncate before freeing its page tables. */ void unlink_file_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *file = vma->vm_file; if (file) { struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); __remove_shared_vm_struct(vma, file, mapping); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } } /* * Close a vm structure and free it, returning the next. */ static struct vm_area_struct *remove_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; might_sleep(); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->close) vma->vm_ops->close(vma); if (vma->vm_file) fput(vma->vm_file); mpol_put(vma_policy(vma)); vm_area_free(vma); return next; } static int do_brk_flags(unsigned long addr, unsigned long request, unsigned long flags, struct list_head *uf); SYSCALL_DEFINE1(brk, unsigned long, brk) { unsigned long retval; unsigned long newbrk, oldbrk, origbrk; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *next; unsigned long min_brk; bool populate; bool downgraded = false; LIST_HEAD(uf); if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm)) return -EINTR; origbrk = mm->brk; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK /* * CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK can still be overridden by setting * randomize_va_space to 2, which will still cause mm->start_brk * to be arbitrarily shifted */ if (current->brk_randomized) min_brk = mm->start_brk; else min_brk = mm->end_data; #else min_brk = mm->start_brk; #endif if (brk < min_brk) goto out; /* * Check against rlimit here. If this check is done later after the test * of oldbrk with newbrk then it can escape the test and let the data * segment grow beyond its set limit the in case where the limit is * not page aligned -Ram Gupta */ if (check_data_rlimit(rlimit(RLIMIT_DATA), brk, mm->start_brk, mm->end_data, mm->start_data)) goto out; newbrk = PAGE_ALIGN(brk); oldbrk = PAGE_ALIGN(mm->brk); if (oldbrk == newbrk) { mm->brk = brk; goto success; } /* * Always allow shrinking brk. * __do_munmap() may downgrade mmap_lock to read. */ if (brk <= mm->brk) { int ret; /* * mm->brk must to be protected by write mmap_lock so update it * before downgrading mmap_lock. When __do_munmap() fails, * mm->brk will be restored from origbrk. */ mm->brk = brk; ret = __do_munmap(mm, newbrk, oldbrk-newbrk, &uf, true); if (ret < 0) { mm->brk = origbrk; goto out; } else if (ret == 1) { downgraded = true; } goto success; } /* Check against existing mmap mappings. */ next = find_vma(mm, oldbrk); if (next && newbrk + PAGE_SIZE > vm_start_gap(next)) goto out; /* Ok, looks good - let it rip. */ if (do_brk_flags(oldbrk, newbrk-oldbrk, 0, &uf) < 0) goto out; mm->brk = brk; success: populate = newbrk > oldbrk && (mm->def_flags & VM_LOCKED) != 0; if (downgraded) mmap_read_unlock(mm); else mmap_write_unlock(mm); userfaultfd_unmap_complete(mm, &uf); if (populate) mm_populate(oldbrk, newbrk - oldbrk); return brk; out: retval = origbrk; mmap_write_unlock(mm); return retval; } static inline unsigned long vma_compute_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long gap, prev_end; /* * Note: in the rare case of a VM_GROWSDOWN above a VM_GROWSUP, we * allow two stack_guard_gaps between them here, and when choosing * an unmapped area; whereas when expanding we only require one. * That's a little inconsistent, but keeps the code here simpler. */ gap = vm_start_gap(vma); if (vma->vm_prev) { prev_end = vm_end_gap(vma->vm_prev); if (gap > prev_end) gap -= prev_end; else gap = 0; } return gap; } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB static unsigned long vma_compute_subtree_gap(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long max = vma_compute_gap(vma), subtree_gap; if (vma->vm_rb.rb_left) { subtree_gap = rb_entry(vma->vm_rb.rb_left, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb)->rb_subtree_gap; if (subtree_gap > max) max = subtree_gap; } if (vma->vm_rb.rb_right) { subtree_gap = rb_entry(vma->vm_rb.rb_right, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb)->rb_subtree_gap; if (subtree_gap > max) max = subtree_gap; } return max; } static int browse_rb(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct rb_root *root = &mm->mm_rb; int i = 0, j, bug = 0; struct rb_node *nd, *pn = NULL; unsigned long prev = 0, pend = 0; for (nd = rb_first(root); nd; nd = rb_next(nd)) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; vma = rb_entry(nd, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (vma->vm_start < prev) { pr_emerg("vm_start %lx < prev %lx\n", vma->vm_start, prev); bug = 1; } if (vma->vm_start < pend) { pr_emerg("vm_start %lx < pend %lx\n", vma->vm_start, pend); bug = 1; } if (vma->vm_start > vma->vm_end) { pr_emerg("vm_start %lx > vm_end %lx\n", vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end); bug = 1; } spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (vma->rb_subtree_gap != vma_compute_subtree_gap(vma)) { pr_emerg("free gap %lx, correct %lx\n", vma->rb_subtree_gap, vma_compute_subtree_gap(vma)); bug = 1; } spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); i++; pn = nd; prev = vma->vm_start; pend = vma->vm_end; } j = 0; for (nd = pn; nd; nd = rb_prev(nd)) j++; if (i != j) { pr_emerg("backwards %d, forwards %d\n", j, i); bug = 1; } return bug ? -1 : i; } static void validate_mm_rb(struct rb_root *root, struct vm_area_struct *ignore) { struct rb_node *nd; for (nd = rb_first(root); nd; nd = rb_next(nd)) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; vma = rb_entry(nd, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); VM_BUG_ON_VMA(vma != ignore && vma->rb_subtree_gap != vma_compute_subtree_gap(vma), vma); } } static void validate_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { int bug = 0; int i = 0; unsigned long highest_address = 0; struct vm_area_struct *vma = mm->mmap; while (vma) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma = vma->anon_vma; struct anon_vma_chain *avc; if (anon_vma) { anon_vma_lock_read(anon_vma); list_for_each_entry(avc, &vma->anon_vma_chain, same_vma) anon_vma_interval_tree_verify(avc); anon_vma_unlock_read(anon_vma); } highest_address = vm_end_gap(vma); vma = vma->vm_next; i++; } if (i != mm->map_count) { pr_emerg("map_count %d vm_next %d\n", mm->map_count, i); bug = 1; } if (highest_address != mm->highest_vm_end) { pr_emerg("mm->highest_vm_end %lx, found %lx\n", mm->highest_vm_end, highest_address); bug = 1; } i = browse_rb(mm); if (i != mm->map_count) { if (i != -1) pr_emerg("map_count %d rb %d\n", mm->map_count, i); bug = 1; } VM_BUG_ON_MM(bug, mm); } #else #define validate_mm_rb(root, ignore) do { } while (0) #define validate_mm(mm) do { } while (0) #endif RB_DECLARE_CALLBACKS_MAX(static, vma_gap_callbacks, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb, unsigned long, rb_subtree_gap, vma_compute_gap) /* * Update augmented rbtree rb_subtree_gap values after vma->vm_start or * vma->vm_prev->vm_end values changed, without modifying the vma's position * in the rbtree. */ static void vma_gap_update(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * As it turns out, RB_DECLARE_CALLBACKS_MAX() already created * a callback function that does exactly what we want. */ vma_gap_callbacks_propagate(&vma->vm_rb, NULL); } static inline void vma_rb_insert(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct rb_root *root) { /* All rb_subtree_gap values must be consistent prior to insertion */ validate_mm_rb(root, NULL); rb_insert_augmented(&vma->vm_rb, root, &vma_gap_callbacks); } static void __vma_rb_erase(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct rb_root *root) { /* * Note rb_erase_augmented is a fairly large inline function, * so make sure we instantiate it only once with our desired * augmented rbtree callbacks. */ rb_erase_augmented(&vma->vm_rb, root, &vma_gap_callbacks); } static __always_inline void vma_rb_erase_ignore(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct rb_root *root, struct vm_area_struct *ignore) { /* * All rb_subtree_gap values must be consistent prior to erase, * with the possible exception of * * a. the "next" vma being erased if next->vm_start was reduced in * __vma_adjust() -> __vma_unlink() * b. the vma being erased in detach_vmas_to_be_unmapped() -> * vma_rb_erase() */ validate_mm_rb(root, ignore); __vma_rb_erase(vma, root); } static __always_inline void vma_rb_erase(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct rb_root *root) { vma_rb_erase_ignore(vma, root, vma); } /* * vma has some anon_vma assigned, and is already inserted on that * anon_vma's interval trees. * * Before updating the vma's vm_start / vm_end / vm_pgoff fields, the * vma must be removed from the anon_vma's interval trees using * anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(). * * After the update, the vma will be reinserted using * anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(). * * The entire update must be protected by exclusive mmap_lock and by * the root anon_vma's mutex. */ static inline void anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct anon_vma_chain *avc; list_for_each_entry(avc, &vma->anon_vma_chain, same_vma) anon_vma_interval_tree_remove(avc, &avc->anon_vma->rb_root); } static inline void anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct anon_vma_chain *avc; list_for_each_entry(avc, &vma->anon_vma_chain, same_vma) anon_vma_interval_tree_insert(avc, &avc->anon_vma->rb_root); } static int find_vma_links(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct vm_area_struct **pprev, struct rb_node ***rb_link, struct rb_node **rb_parent) { struct rb_node **__rb_link, *__rb_parent, *rb_prev; __rb_link = &mm->mm_rb.rb_node; rb_prev = __rb_parent = NULL; while (*__rb_link) { struct vm_area_struct *vma_tmp; __rb_parent = *__rb_link; vma_tmp = rb_entry(__rb_parent, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (vma_tmp->vm_end > addr) { /* Fail if an existing vma overlaps the area */ if (vma_tmp->vm_start < end) return -ENOMEM; __rb_link = &__rb_parent->rb_left; } else { rb_prev = __rb_parent; __rb_link = &__rb_parent->rb_right; } } *pprev = NULL; if (rb_prev) *pprev = rb_entry(rb_prev, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); *rb_link = __rb_link; *rb_parent = __rb_parent; return 0; } /* * vma_next() - Get the next VMA. * @mm: The mm_struct. * @vma: The current vma. * * If @vma is NULL, return the first vma in the mm. * * Returns: The next VMA after @vma. */ static inline struct vm_area_struct *vma_next(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (!vma) return mm->mmap; return vma->vm_next; } /* * munmap_vma_range() - munmap VMAs that overlap a range. * @mm: The mm struct * @start: The start of the range. * @len: The length of the range. * @pprev: pointer to the pointer that will be set to previous vm_area_struct * @rb_link: the rb_node * @rb_parent: the parent rb_node * * Find all the vm_area_struct that overlap from @start to * @end and munmap them. Set @pprev to the previous vm_area_struct. * * Returns: -ENOMEM on munmap failure or 0 on success. */ static inline int munmap_vma_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long len, struct vm_area_struct **pprev, struct rb_node ***link, struct rb_node **parent, struct list_head *uf) { while (find_vma_links(mm, start, start + len, pprev, link, parent)) if (do_munmap(mm, start, len, uf)) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } static unsigned long count_vma_pages_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { unsigned long nr_pages = 0; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* Find first overlaping mapping */ vma = find_vma_intersection(mm, addr, end); if (!vma) return 0; nr_pages = (min(end, vma->vm_end) - max(addr, vma->vm_start)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Iterate over the rest of the overlaps */ for (vma = vma->vm_next; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) { unsigned long overlap_len; if (vma->vm_start > end) break; overlap_len = min(end, vma->vm_end) - vma->vm_start; nr_pages += overlap_len >> PAGE_SHIFT; } return nr_pages; } void __vma_link_rb(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct rb_node **rb_link, struct rb_node *rb_parent) { /* Update tracking information for the gap following the new vma. */ if (vma->vm_next) vma_gap_update(vma->vm_next); else mm->highest_vm_end = vm_end_gap(vma); /* * vma->vm_prev wasn't known when we followed the rbtree to find the * correct insertion point for that vma. As a result, we could not * update the vma vm_rb parents rb_subtree_gap values on the way down. * So, we first insert the vma with a zero rb_subtree_gap value * (to be consistent with what we did on the way down), and then * immediately update the gap to the correct value. Finally we * rebalance the rbtree after all augmented values have been set. */ rb_link_node(&vma->vm_rb, rb_parent, rb_link); vma->rb_subtree_gap = 0; vma_gap_update(vma); vma_rb_insert(vma, &mm->mm_rb); } static void __vma_link_file(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *file; file = vma->vm_file; if (file) { struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE) put_write_access(file_inode(file)); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) mapping_allow_writable(mapping); flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping); vma_interval_tree_insert(vma, &mapping->i_mmap); flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping); } } static void __vma_link(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev, struct rb_node **rb_link, struct rb_node *rb_parent) { __vma_link_list(mm, vma, prev); __vma_link_rb(mm, vma, rb_link, rb_parent); } static void vma_link(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev, struct rb_node **rb_link, struct rb_node *rb_parent) { struct address_space *mapping = NULL; if (vma->vm_file) { mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); } __vma_link(mm, vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent); __vma_link_file(vma); if (mapping) i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); mm->map_count++; validate_mm(mm); } /* * Helper for vma_adjust() in the split_vma insert case: insert a vma into the * mm's list and rbtree. It has already been inserted into the interval tree. */ static void __insert_vm_struct(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct vm_area_struct *prev; struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent; if (find_vma_links(mm, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, &prev, &rb_link, &rb_parent)) BUG(); __vma_link(mm, vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent); mm->map_count++; } static __always_inline void __vma_unlink(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *ignore) { vma_rb_erase_ignore(vma, &mm->mm_rb, ignore); __vma_unlink_list(mm, vma); /* Kill the cache */ vmacache_invalidate(mm); } /* * We cannot adjust vm_start, vm_end, vm_pgoff fields of a vma that * is already present in an i_mmap tree without adjusting the tree. * The following helper function should be used when such adjustments * are necessary. The "insert" vma (if any) is to be inserted * before we drop the necessary locks. */ int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert, struct vm_area_struct *expand) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next, *orig_vma = vma; struct address_space *mapping = NULL; struct rb_root_cached *root = NULL; struct anon_vma *anon_vma = NULL; struct file *file = vma->vm_file; bool start_changed = false, end_changed = false; long adjust_next = 0; int remove_next = 0; if (next && !insert) { struct vm_area_struct *exporter = NULL, *importer = NULL; if (end >= next->vm_end) { /* * vma expands, overlapping all the next, and * perhaps the one after too (mprotect case 6). * The only other cases that gets here are * case 1, case 7 and case 8. */ if (next == expand) { /* * The only case where we don't expand "vma" * and we expand "next" instead is case 8. */ VM_WARN_ON(end != next->vm_end); /* * remove_next == 3 means we're * removing "vma" and that to do so we * swapped "vma" and "next". */ remove_next = 3; VM_WARN_ON(file != next->vm_file); swap(vma, next); } else { VM_WARN_ON(expand != vma); /* * case 1, 6, 7, remove_next == 2 is case 6, * remove_next == 1 is case 1 or 7. */ remove_next = 1 + (end > next->vm_end); VM_WARN_ON(remove_next == 2 && end != next->vm_next->vm_end); /* trim end to next, for case 6 first pass */ end = next->vm_end; } exporter = next; importer = vma; /* * If next doesn't have anon_vma, import from vma after * next, if the vma overlaps with it. */ if (remove_next == 2 && !next->anon_vma) exporter = next->vm_next; } else if (end > next->vm_start) { /* * vma expands, overlapping part of the next: * mprotect case 5 shifting the boundary up. */ adjust_next = (end - next->vm_start); exporter = next; importer = vma; VM_WARN_ON(expand != importer); } else if (end < vma->vm_end) { /* * vma shrinks, and !insert tells it's not * split_vma inserting another: so it must be * mprotect case 4 shifting the boundary down. */ adjust_next = -(vma->vm_end - end); exporter = vma; importer = next; VM_WARN_ON(expand != importer); } /* * Easily overlooked: when mprotect shifts the boundary, * make sure the expanding vma has anon_vma set if the * shrinking vma had, to cover any anon pages imported. */ if (exporter && exporter->anon_vma && !importer->anon_vma) { int error; importer->anon_vma = exporter->anon_vma; error = anon_vma_clone(importer, exporter); if (error) return error; } } again: vma_adjust_trans_huge(orig_vma, start, end, adjust_next); if (file) { mapping = file->f_mapping; root = &mapping->i_mmap; uprobe_munmap(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end); if (adjust_next) uprobe_munmap(next, next->vm_start, next->vm_end); i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (insert) { /* * Put into interval tree now, so instantiated pages * are visible to arm/parisc __flush_dcache_page * throughout; but we cannot insert into address * space until vma start or end is updated. */ __vma_link_file(insert); } } anon_vma = vma->anon_vma; if (!anon_vma && adjust_next) anon_vma = next->anon_vma; if (anon_vma) { VM_WARN_ON(adjust_next && next->anon_vma && anon_vma != next->anon_vma); anon_vma_lock_write(anon_vma); anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(vma); if (adjust_next) anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(next); } if (file) { flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping); vma_interval_tree_remove(vma, root); if (adjust_next) vma_interval_tree_remove(next, root); } if (start != vma->vm_start) { vma->vm_start = start; start_changed = true; } if (end != vma->vm_end) { vma->vm_end = end; end_changed = true; } vma->vm_pgoff = pgoff; if (adjust_next) { next->vm_start += adjust_next; next->vm_pgoff += adjust_next >> PAGE_SHIFT; } if (file) { if (adjust_next) vma_interval_tree_insert(next, root); vma_interval_tree_insert(vma, root); flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping); } if (remove_next) { /* * vma_merge has merged next into vma, and needs * us to remove next before dropping the locks. */ if (remove_next != 3) __vma_unlink(mm, next, next); else /* * vma is not before next if they've been * swapped. * * pre-swap() next->vm_start was reduced so * tell validate_mm_rb to ignore pre-swap() * "next" (which is stored in post-swap() * "vma"). */ __vma_unlink(mm, next, vma); if (file) __remove_shared_vm_struct(next, file, mapping); } else if (insert) { /* * split_vma has split insert from vma, and needs * us to insert it before dropping the locks * (it may either follow vma or precede it). */ __insert_vm_struct(mm, insert); } else { if (start_changed) vma_gap_update(vma); if (end_changed) { if (!next) mm->highest_vm_end = vm_end_gap(vma); else if (!adjust_next) vma_gap_update(next); } } if (anon_vma) { anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(vma); if (adjust_next) anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(next); anon_vma_unlock_write(anon_vma); } if (file) { i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); uprobe_mmap(vma); if (adjust_next) uprobe_mmap(next); } if (remove_next) { if (file) { uprobe_munmap(next, next->vm_start, next->vm_end); fput(file); } if (next->anon_vma) anon_vma_merge(vma, next); mm->map_count--; mpol_put(vma_policy(next)); vm_area_free(next); /* * In mprotect's case 6 (see comments on vma_merge), * we must remove another next too. It would clutter * up the code too much to do both in one go. */ if (remove_next != 3) { /* * If "next" was removed and vma->vm_end was * expanded (up) over it, in turn * "next->vm_prev->vm_end" changed and the * "vma->vm_next" gap must be updated. */ next = vma->vm_next; } else { /* * For the scope of the comment "next" and * "vma" considered pre-swap(): if "vma" was * removed, next->vm_start was expanded (down) * over it and the "next" gap must be updated. * Because of the swap() the post-swap() "vma" * actually points to pre-swap() "next" * (post-swap() "next" as opposed is now a * dangling pointer). */ next = vma; } if (remove_next == 2) { remove_next = 1; end = next->vm_end; goto again; } else if (next) vma_gap_update(next); else { /* * If remove_next == 2 we obviously can't * reach this path. * * If remove_next == 3 we can't reach this * path because pre-swap() next is always not * NULL. pre-swap() "next" is not being * removed and its next->vm_end is not altered * (and furthermore "end" already matches * next->vm_end in remove_next == 3). * * We reach this only in the remove_next == 1 * case if the "next" vma that was removed was * the highest vma of the mm. However in such * case next->vm_end == "end" and the extended * "vma" has vma->vm_end == next->vm_end so * mm->highest_vm_end doesn't need any update * in remove_next == 1 case. */ VM_WARN_ON(mm->highest_vm_end != vm_end_gap(vma)); } } if (insert && file) uprobe_mmap(insert); validate_mm(mm); return 0; } /* * If the vma has a ->close operation then the driver probably needs to release * per-vma resources, so we don't attempt to merge those. */ static inline int is_mergeable_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct file *file, unsigned long vm_flags, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx) { /* * VM_SOFTDIRTY should not prevent from VMA merging, if we * match the flags but dirty bit -- the caller should mark * merged VMA as dirty. If dirty bit won't be excluded from * comparison, we increase pressure on the memory system forcing * the kernel to generate new VMAs when old one could be * extended instead. */ if ((vma->vm_flags ^ vm_flags) & ~VM_SOFTDIRTY) return 0; if (vma->vm_file != file) return 0; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->close) return 0; if (!is_mergeable_vm_userfaultfd_ctx(vma, vm_userfaultfd_ctx)) return 0; return 1; } static inline int is_mergeable_anon_vma(struct anon_vma *anon_vma1, struct anon_vma *anon_vma2, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * The list_is_singular() test is to avoid merging VMA cloned from * parents. This can improve scalability caused by anon_vma lock. */ if ((!anon_vma1 || !anon_vma2) && (!vma || list_is_singular(&vma->anon_vma_chain))) return 1; return anon_vma1 == anon_vma2; } /* * Return true if we can merge this (vm_flags,anon_vma,file,vm_pgoff) * in front of (at a lower virtual address and file offset than) the vma. * * We cannot merge two vmas if they have differently assigned (non-NULL) * anon_vmas, nor if same anon_vma is assigned but offsets incompatible. * * We don't check here for the merged mmap wrapping around the end of pagecache * indices (16TB on ia32) because do_mmap() does not permit mmap's which * wrap, nor mmaps which cover the final page at index -1UL. */ static int can_vma_merge_before(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *anon_vma, struct file *file, pgoff_t vm_pgoff, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx) { if (is_mergeable_vma(vma, file, vm_flags, vm_userfaultfd_ctx) && is_mergeable_anon_vma(anon_vma, vma->anon_vma, vma)) { if (vma->vm_pgoff == vm_pgoff) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Return true if we can merge this (vm_flags,anon_vma,file,vm_pgoff) * beyond (at a higher virtual address and file offset than) the vma. * * We cannot merge two vmas if they have differently assigned (non-NULL) * anon_vmas, nor if same anon_vma is assigned but offsets incompatible. */ static int can_vma_merge_after(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *anon_vma, struct file *file, pgoff_t vm_pgoff, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx) { if (is_mergeable_vma(vma, file, vm_flags, vm_userfaultfd_ctx) && is_mergeable_anon_vma(anon_vma, vma->anon_vma, vma)) { pgoff_t vm_pglen; vm_pglen = vma_pages(vma); if (vma->vm_pgoff + vm_pglen == vm_pgoff) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Given a mapping request (addr,end,vm_flags,file,pgoff), figure out * whether that can be merged with its predecessor or its successor. * Or both (it neatly fills a hole). * * In most cases - when called for mmap, brk or mremap - [addr,end) is * certain not to be mapped by the time vma_merge is called; but when * called for mprotect, it is certain to be already mapped (either at * an offset within prev, or at the start of next), and the flags of * this area are about to be changed to vm_flags - and the no-change * case has already been eliminated. * * The following mprotect cases have to be considered, where AAAA is * the area passed down from mprotect_fixup, never extending beyond one * vma, PPPPPP is the prev vma specified, and NNNNNN the next vma after: * * AAAA AAAA AAAA * PPPPPPNNNNNN PPPPPPNNNNNN PPPPPPNNNNNN * cannot merge might become might become * PPNNNNNNNNNN PPPPPPPPPPNN * mmap, brk or case 4 below case 5 below * mremap move: * AAAA AAAA * PPPP NNNN PPPPNNNNXXXX * might become might become * PPPPPPPPPPPP 1 or PPPPPPPPPPPP 6 or * PPPPPPPPNNNN 2 or PPPPPPPPXXXX 7 or * PPPPNNNNNNNN 3 PPPPXXXXXXXX 8 * * It is important for case 8 that the vma NNNN overlapping the * region AAAA is never going to extended over XXXX. Instead XXXX must * be extended in region AAAA and NNNN must be removed. This way in * all cases where vma_merge succeeds, the moment vma_adjust drops the * rmap_locks, the properties of the merged vma will be already * correct for the whole merged range. Some of those properties like * vm_page_prot/vm_flags may be accessed by rmap_walks and they must * be correct for the whole merged range immediately after the * rmap_locks are released. Otherwise if XXXX would be removed and * NNNN would be extended over the XXXX range, remove_migration_ptes * or other rmap walkers (if working on addresses beyond the "end" * parameter) may establish ptes with the wrong permissions of NNNN * instead of the right permissions of XXXX. */ struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long vm_flags, struct anon_vma *anon_vma, struct file *file, pgoff_t pgoff, struct mempolicy *policy, struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx) { pgoff_t pglen = (end - addr) >> PAGE_SHIFT; struct vm_area_struct *area, *next; int err; /* * We later require that vma->vm_flags == vm_flags, * so this tests vma->vm_flags & VM_SPECIAL, too. */ if (vm_flags & VM_SPECIAL) return NULL; next = vma_next(mm, prev); area = next; if (area && area->vm_end == end) /* cases 6, 7, 8 */ next = next->vm_next; /* verify some invariant that must be enforced by the caller */ VM_WARN_ON(prev && addr <= prev->vm_start); VM_WARN_ON(area && end > area->vm_end); VM_WARN_ON(addr >= end); /* * Can it merge with the predecessor? */ if (prev && prev->vm_end == addr && mpol_equal(vma_policy(prev), policy) && can_vma_merge_after(prev, vm_flags, anon_vma, file, pgoff, vm_userfaultfd_ctx)) { /* * OK, it can. Can we now merge in the successor as well? */ if (next && end == next->vm_start && mpol_equal(policy, vma_policy(next)) && can_vma_merge_before(next, vm_flags, anon_vma, file, pgoff+pglen, vm_userfaultfd_ctx) && is_mergeable_anon_vma(prev->anon_vma, next->anon_vma, NULL)) { /* cases 1, 6 */ err = __vma_adjust(prev, prev->vm_start, next->vm_end, prev->vm_pgoff, NULL, prev); } else /* cases 2, 5, 7 */ err = __vma_adjust(prev, prev->vm_start, end, prev->vm_pgoff, NULL, prev); if (err) return NULL; khugepaged_enter_vma_merge(prev, vm_flags); return prev; } /* * Can this new request be merged in front of next? */ if (next && end == next->vm_start && mpol_equal(policy, vma_policy(next)) && can_vma_merge_before(next, vm_flags, anon_vma, file, pgoff+pglen, vm_userfaultfd_ctx)) { if (prev && addr < prev->vm_end) /* case 4 */ err = __vma_adjust(prev, prev->vm_start, addr, prev->vm_pgoff, NULL, next); else { /* cases 3, 8 */ err = __vma_adjust(area, addr, next->vm_end, next->vm_pgoff - pglen, NULL, next); /* * In case 3 area is already equal to next and * this is a noop, but in case 8 "area" has * been removed and next was expanded over it. */ area = next; } if (err) return NULL; khugepaged_enter_vma_merge(area, vm_flags); return area; } return NULL; } /* * Rough compatibility check to quickly see if it's even worth looking * at sharing an anon_vma. * * They need to have the same vm_file, and the flags can only differ * in things that mprotect may change. * * NOTE! The fact that we share an anon_vma doesn't _have_ to mean that * we can merge the two vma's. For example, we refuse to merge a vma if * there is a vm_ops->close() function, because that indicates that the * driver is doing some kind of reference counting. But that doesn't * really matter for the anon_vma sharing case. */ static int anon_vma_compatible(struct vm_area_struct *a, struct vm_area_struct *b) { return a->vm_end == b->vm_start && mpol_equal(vma_policy(a), vma_policy(b)) && a->vm_file == b->vm_file && !((a->vm_flags ^ b->vm_flags) & ~(VM_ACCESS_FLAGS | VM_SOFTDIRTY)) && b->vm_pgoff == a->vm_pgoff + ((b->vm_start - a->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT); } /* * Do some basic sanity checking to see if we can re-use the anon_vma * from 'old'. The 'a'/'b' vma's are in VM order - one of them will be * the same as 'old', the other will be the new one that is trying * to share the anon_vma. * * NOTE! This runs with mm_sem held for reading, so it is possible that * the anon_vma of 'old' is concurrently in the process of being set up * by another page fault trying to merge _that_. But that's ok: if it * is being set up, that automatically means that it will be a singleton * acceptable for merging, so we can do all of this optimistically. But * we do that READ_ONCE() to make sure that we never re-load the pointer. * * IOW: that the "list_is_singular()" test on the anon_vma_chain only * matters for the 'stable anon_vma' case (ie the thing we want to avoid * is to return an anon_vma that is "complex" due to having gone through * a fork). * * We also make sure that the two vma's are compatible (adjacent, * and with the same memory policies). That's all stable, even with just * a read lock on the mm_sem. */ static struct anon_vma *reusable_anon_vma(struct vm_area_struct *old, struct vm_area_struct *a, struct vm_area_struct *b) { if (anon_vma_compatible(a, b)) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma = READ_ONCE(old->anon_vma); if (anon_vma && list_is_singular(&old->anon_vma_chain)) return anon_vma; } return NULL; } /* * find_mergeable_anon_vma is used by anon_vma_prepare, to check * neighbouring vmas for a suitable anon_vma, before it goes off * to allocate a new anon_vma. It checks because a repetitive * sequence of mprotects and faults may otherwise lead to distinct * anon_vmas being allocated, preventing vma merge in subsequent * mprotect. */ struct anon_vma *find_mergeable_anon_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct anon_vma *anon_vma = NULL; /* Try next first. */ if (vma->vm_next) { anon_vma = reusable_anon_vma(vma->vm_next, vma, vma->vm_next); if (anon_vma) return anon_vma; } /* Try prev next. */ if (vma->vm_prev) anon_vma = reusable_anon_vma(vma->vm_prev, vma->vm_prev, vma); /* * We might reach here with anon_vma == NULL if we can't find * any reusable anon_vma. * There's no absolute need to look only at touching neighbours: * we could search further afield for "compatible" anon_vmas. * But it would probably just be a waste of time searching, * or lead to too many vmas hanging off the same anon_vma. * We're trying to allow mprotect remerging later on, * not trying to minimize memory used for anon_vmas. */ return anon_vma; } /* * If a hint addr is less than mmap_min_addr change hint to be as * low as possible but still greater than mmap_min_addr */ static inline unsigned long round_hint_to_min(unsigned long hint) { hint &= PAGE_MASK; if (((void *)hint != NULL) && (hint < mmap_min_addr)) return PAGE_ALIGN(mmap_min_addr); return hint; } static inline int mlock_future_check(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long flags, unsigned long len) { unsigned long locked, lock_limit; /* mlock MCL_FUTURE? */ if (flags & VM_LOCKED) { locked = len >> PAGE_SHIFT; locked += mm->locked_vm; lock_limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK); lock_limit >>= PAGE_SHIFT; if (locked > lock_limit && !capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)) return -EAGAIN; } return 0; } static inline u64 file_mmap_size_max(struct file *file, struct inode *inode) { if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) return MAX_LFS_FILESIZE; if (S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) return MAX_LFS_FILESIZE; if (S_ISSOCK(inode->i_mode)) return MAX_LFS_FILESIZE; /* Special "we do even unsigned file positions" case */ if (file->f_mode & FMODE_UNSIGNED_OFFSET) return 0; /* Yes, random drivers might want more. But I'm tired of buggy drivers */ return ULONG_MAX; } static inline bool file_mmap_ok(struct file *file, struct inode *inode, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long len) { u64 maxsize = file_mmap_size_max(file, inode); if (maxsize && len > maxsize) return false; maxsize -= len; if (pgoff > maxsize >> PAGE_SHIFT) return false; return true; } /* * The caller must write-lock current->mm->mmap_lock. */ unsigned long do_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long *populate, struct list_head *uf) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; vm_flags_t vm_flags; int pkey = 0; *populate = 0; if (!len) return -EINVAL; /* * Does the application expect PROT_READ to imply PROT_EXEC? * * (the exception is when the underlying filesystem is noexec * mounted, in which case we dont add PROT_EXEC.) */ if ((prot & PROT_READ) && (current->personality & READ_IMPLIES_EXEC)) if (!(file && path_noexec(&file->f_path))) prot |= PROT_EXEC; /* force arch specific MAP_FIXED handling in get_unmapped_area */ if (flags & MAP_FIXED_NOREPLACE) flags |= MAP_FIXED; if (!(flags & MAP_FIXED)) addr = round_hint_to_min(addr); /* Careful about overflows.. */ len = PAGE_ALIGN(len); if (!len) return -ENOMEM; /* offset overflow? */ if ((pgoff + (len >> PAGE_SHIFT)) < pgoff) return -EOVERFLOW; /* Too many mappings? */ if (mm->map_count > sysctl_max_map_count) return -ENOMEM; /* Obtain the address to map to. we verify (or select) it and ensure * that it represents a valid section of the address space. */ addr = get_unmapped_area(file, addr, len, pgoff, flags); if (IS_ERR_VALUE(addr)) return addr; if (flags & MAP_FIXED_NOREPLACE) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (vma && vma->vm_start < addr + len) return -EEXIST; } if (prot == PROT_EXEC) { pkey = execute_only_pkey(mm); if (pkey < 0) pkey = 0; } /* Do simple checking here so the lower-level routines won't have * to. we assume access permissions have been handled by the open * of the memory object, so we don't do any here. */ vm_flags = calc_vm_prot_bits(prot, pkey) | calc_vm_flag_bits(flags) | mm->def_flags | VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC; if (flags & MAP_LOCKED) if (!can_do_mlock()) return -EPERM; if (mlock_future_check(mm, vm_flags, len)) return -EAGAIN; if (file) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); unsigned long flags_mask; if (!file_mmap_ok(file, inode, pgoff, len)) return -EOVERFLOW; flags_mask = LEGACY_MAP_MASK | file->f_op->mmap_supported_flags; switch (flags & MAP_TYPE) { case MAP_SHARED: /* * Force use of MAP_SHARED_VALIDATE with non-legacy * flags. E.g. MAP_SYNC is dangerous to use with * MAP_SHARED as you don't know which consistency model * you will get. We silently ignore unsupported flags * with MAP_SHARED to preserve backward compatibility. */ flags &= LEGACY_MAP_MASK; fallthrough; case MAP_SHARED_VALIDATE: if (flags & ~flags_mask) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (prot & PROT_WRITE) { if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE)) return -EACCES; if (IS_SWAPFILE(file->f_mapping->host)) return -ETXTBSY; } /* * Make sure we don't allow writing to an append-only * file.. */ if (IS_APPEND(inode) && (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE)) return -EACCES; /* * Make sure there are no mandatory locks on the file. */ if (locks_verify_locked(file)) return -EAGAIN; vm_flags |= VM_SHARED | VM_MAYSHARE; if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE)) vm_flags &= ~(VM_MAYWRITE | VM_SHARED); fallthrough; case MAP_PRIVATE: if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_READ)) return -EACCES; if (path_noexec(&file->f_path)) { if (vm_flags & VM_EXEC) return -EPERM; vm_flags &= ~VM_MAYEXEC; } if (!file->f_op->mmap) return -ENODEV; if (vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN|VM_GROWSUP)) return -EINVAL; break; default: return -EINVAL; } } else { switch (flags & MAP_TYPE) { case MAP_SHARED: if (vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN|VM_GROWSUP)) return -EINVAL; /* * Ignore pgoff. */ pgoff = 0; vm_flags |= VM_SHARED | VM_MAYSHARE; break; case MAP_PRIVATE: /* * Set pgoff according to addr for anon_vma. */ pgoff = addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; break; default: return -EINVAL; } } /* * Set 'VM_NORESERVE' if we should not account for the * memory use of this mapping. */ if (flags & MAP_NORESERVE) { /* We honor MAP_NORESERVE if allowed to overcommit */ if (sysctl_overcommit_memory != OVERCOMMIT_NEVER) vm_flags |= VM_NORESERVE; /* hugetlb applies strict overcommit unless MAP_NORESERVE */ if (file && is_file_hugepages(file)) vm_flags |= VM_NORESERVE; } addr = mmap_region(file, addr, len, vm_flags, pgoff, uf); if (!IS_ERR_VALUE(addr) && ((vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || (flags & (MAP_POPULATE | MAP_NONBLOCK)) == MAP_POPULATE)) *populate = len; return addr; } unsigned long ksys_mmap_pgoff(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags, unsigned long fd, unsigned long pgoff) { struct file *file = NULL; unsigned long retval; if (!(flags & MAP_ANONYMOUS)) { audit_mmap_fd(fd, flags); file = fget(fd); if (!file) return -EBADF; if (is_file_hugepages(file)) { len = ALIGN(len, huge_page_size(hstate_file(file))); } else if (unlikely(flags & MAP_HUGETLB)) { retval = -EINVAL; goto out_fput; } } else if (flags & MAP_HUGETLB) { struct user_struct *user = NULL; struct hstate *hs; hs = hstate_sizelog((flags >> MAP_HUGE_SHIFT) & MAP_HUGE_MASK); if (!hs) return -EINVAL; len = ALIGN(len, huge_page_size(hs)); /* * VM_NORESERVE is used because the reservations will be * taken when vm_ops->mmap() is called * A dummy user value is used because we are not locking * memory so no accounting is necessary */ file = hugetlb_file_setup(HUGETLB_ANON_FILE, len, VM_NORESERVE, &user, HUGETLB_ANONHUGE_INODE, (flags >> MAP_HUGE_SHIFT) & MAP_HUGE_MASK); if (IS_ERR(file)) return PTR_ERR(file); } flags &= ~(MAP_EXECUTABLE | MAP_DENYWRITE); retval = vm_mmap_pgoff(file, addr, len, prot, flags, pgoff); out_fput: if (file) fput(file); return retval; } SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mmap_pgoff, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, len, unsigned long, prot, unsigned long, flags, unsigned long, fd, unsigned long, pgoff) { return ksys_mmap_pgoff(addr, len, prot, flags, fd, pgoff); } #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_OLD_MMAP struct mmap_arg_struct { unsigned long addr; unsigned long len; unsigned long prot; unsigned long flags; unsigned long fd; unsigned long offset; }; SYSCALL_DEFINE1(old_mmap, struct mmap_arg_struct __user *, arg) { struct mmap_arg_struct a; if (copy_from_user(&a, arg, sizeof(a))) return -EFAULT; if (offset_in_page(a.offset)) return -EINVAL; return ksys_mmap_pgoff(a.addr, a.len, a.prot, a.flags, a.fd, a.offset >> PAGE_SHIFT); } #endif /* __ARCH_WANT_SYS_OLD_MMAP */ /* * Some shared mappings will want the pages marked read-only * to track write events. If so, we'll downgrade vm_page_prot * to the private version (using protection_map[] without the * VM_SHARED bit). */ int vma_wants_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t vm_page_prot) { vm_flags_t vm_flags = vma->vm_flags; const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops = vma->vm_ops; /* If it was private or non-writable, the write bit is already clear */ if ((vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) != ((VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) return 0; /* The backer wishes to know when pages are first written to? */ if (vm_ops && (vm_ops->page_mkwrite || vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite)) return 1; /* The open routine did something to the protections that pgprot_modify * won't preserve? */ if (pgprot_val(vm_page_prot) != pgprot_val(vm_pgprot_modify(vm_page_prot, vm_flags))) return 0; /* Do we need to track softdirty? */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY) && !(vm_flags & VM_SOFTDIRTY)) return 1; /* Specialty mapping? */ if (vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) return 0; /* Can the mapping track the dirty pages? */ return vma->vm_file && vma->vm_file->f_mapping && mapping_can_writeback(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } /* * We account for memory if it's a private writeable mapping, * not hugepages and VM_NORESERVE wasn't set. */ static inline int accountable_mapping(struct file *file, vm_flags_t vm_flags) { /* * hugetlb has its own accounting separate from the core VM * VM_HUGETLB may not be set yet so we cannot check for that flag. */ if (file && is_file_hugepages(file)) return 0; return (vm_flags & (VM_NORESERVE | VM_SHARED | VM_WRITE)) == VM_WRITE; } unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, vm_flags_t vm_flags, unsigned long pgoff, struct list_head *uf) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev, *merge; int error; struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent; unsigned long charged = 0; /* Check against address space limit. */ if (!may_expand_vm(mm, vm_flags, len >> PAGE_SHIFT)) { unsigned long nr_pages; /* * MAP_FIXED may remove pages of mappings that intersects with * requested mapping. Account for the pages it would unmap. */ nr_pages = count_vma_pages_range(mm, addr, addr + len); if (!may_expand_vm(mm, vm_flags, (len >> PAGE_SHIFT) - nr_pages)) return -ENOMEM; } /* Clear old maps, set up prev, rb_link, rb_parent, and uf */ if (munmap_vma_range(mm, addr, len, &prev, &rb_link, &rb_parent, uf)) return -ENOMEM; /* * Private writable mapping: check memory availability */ if (accountable_mapping(file, vm_flags)) { charged = len >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (security_vm_enough_memory_mm(mm, charged)) return -ENOMEM; vm_flags |= VM_ACCOUNT; } /* * Can we just expand an old mapping? */ vma = vma_merge(mm, prev, addr, addr + len, vm_flags, NULL, file, pgoff, NULL, NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX); if (vma) goto out; /* * Determine the object being mapped and call the appropriate * specific mapper. the address has already been validated, but * not unmapped, but the maps are removed from the list. */ vma = vm_area_alloc(mm); if (!vma) { error = -ENOMEM; goto unacct_error; } vma->vm_start = addr; vma->vm_end = addr + len; vma->vm_flags = vm_flags; vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags); vma->vm_pgoff = pgoff; if (file) { if (vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE) { error = deny_write_access(file); if (error) goto free_vma; } if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) { error = mapping_map_writable(file->f_mapping); if (error) goto allow_write_and_free_vma; } /* ->mmap() can change vma->vm_file, but must guarantee that * vma_link() below can deny write-access if VM_DENYWRITE is set * and map writably if VM_SHARED is set. This usually means the * new file must not have been exposed to user-space, yet. */ vma->vm_file = get_file(file); error = call_mmap(file, vma); if (error) goto unmap_and_free_vma; /* Can addr have changed?? * * Answer: Yes, several device drivers can do it in their * f_op->mmap method. -DaveM * Bug: If addr is changed, prev, rb_link, rb_parent should * be updated for vma_link() */ WARN_ON_ONCE(addr != vma->vm_start); addr = vma->vm_start; /* If vm_flags changed after call_mmap(), we should try merge vma again * as we may succeed this time. */ if (unlikely(vm_flags != vma->vm_flags && prev)) { merge = vma_merge(mm, prev, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, vma->vm_flags, NULL, vma->vm_file, vma->vm_pgoff, NULL, NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX); if (merge) { /* ->mmap() can change vma->vm_file and fput the original file. So * fput the vma->vm_file here or we would add an extra fput for file * and cause general protection fault ultimately. */ fput(vma->vm_file); vm_area_free(vma); vma = merge; /* Update vm_flags to pick up the change. */ vm_flags = vma->vm_flags; goto unmap_writable; } } vm_flags = vma->vm_flags; } else if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) { error = shmem_zero_setup(vma); if (error) goto free_vma; } else { vma_set_anonymous(vma); } /* Allow architectures to sanity-check the vm_flags */ if (!arch_validate_flags(vma->vm_flags)) { error = -EINVAL; if (file) goto unmap_and_free_vma; else goto free_vma; } vma_link(mm, vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent); /* Once vma denies write, undo our temporary denial count */ if (file) { unmap_writable: if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) mapping_unmap_writable(file->f_mapping); if (vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE) allow_write_access(file); } file = vma->vm_file; out: perf_event_mmap(vma); vm_stat_account(mm, vm_flags, len >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) { if ((vm_flags & VM_SPECIAL) || vma_is_dax(vma) || is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) || vma == get_gate_vma(current->mm)) vma->vm_flags &= VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK; else mm->locked_vm += (len >> PAGE_SHIFT); } if (file) uprobe_mmap(vma); /* * New (or expanded) vma always get soft dirty status. * Otherwise user-space soft-dirty page tracker won't * be able to distinguish situation when vma area unmapped, * then new mapped in-place (which must be aimed as * a completely new data area). */ vma->vm_flags |= VM_SOFTDIRTY; vma_set_page_prot(vma); return addr; unmap_and_free_vma: vma->vm_file = NULL; fput(file); /* Undo any partial mapping done by a device driver. */ unmap_region(mm, vma, prev, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end); charged = 0; if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) mapping_unmap_writable(file->f_mapping); allow_write_and_free_vma: if (vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE) allow_write_access(file); free_vma: vm_area_free(vma); unacct_error: if (charged) vm_unacct_memory(charged); return error; } static unsigned long unmapped_area(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info) { /* * We implement the search by looking for an rbtree node that * immediately follows a suitable gap. That is, * - gap_start = vma->vm_prev->vm_end <= info->high_limit - length; * - gap_end = vma->vm_start >= info->low_limit + length; * - gap_end - gap_start >= length */ struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long length, low_limit, high_limit, gap_start, gap_end; /* Adjust search length to account for worst case alignment overhead */ length = info->length + info->align_mask; if (length < info->length) return -ENOMEM; /* Adjust search limits by the desired length */ if (info->high_limit < length) return -ENOMEM; high_limit = info->high_limit - length; if (info->low_limit > high_limit) return -ENOMEM; low_limit = info->low_limit + length; /* Check if rbtree root looks promising */ if (RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mm->mm_rb)) goto check_highest; vma = rb_entry(mm->mm_rb.rb_node, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (vma->rb_subtree_gap < length) goto check_highest; while (true) { /* Visit left subtree if it looks promising */ gap_end = vm_start_gap(vma); if (gap_end >= low_limit && vma->vm_rb.rb_left) { struct vm_area_struct *left = rb_entry(vma->vm_rb.rb_left, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (left->rb_subtree_gap >= length) { vma = left; continue; } } gap_start = vma->vm_prev ? vm_end_gap(vma->vm_prev) : 0; check_current: /* Check if current node has a suitable gap */ if (gap_start > high_limit) return -ENOMEM; if (gap_end >= low_limit && gap_end > gap_start && gap_end - gap_start >= length) goto found; /* Visit right subtree if it looks promising */ if (vma->vm_rb.rb_right) { struct vm_area_struct *right = rb_entry(vma->vm_rb.rb_right, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (right->rb_subtree_gap >= length) { vma = right; continue; } } /* Go back up the rbtree to find next candidate node */ while (true) { struct rb_node *prev = &vma->vm_rb; if (!rb_parent(prev)) goto check_highest; vma = rb_entry(rb_parent(prev), struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (prev == vma->vm_rb.rb_left) { gap_start = vm_end_gap(vma->vm_prev); gap_end = vm_start_gap(vma); goto check_current; } } } check_highest: /* Check highest gap, which does not precede any rbtree node */ gap_start = mm->highest_vm_end; gap_end = ULONG_MAX; /* Only for VM_BUG_ON below */ if (gap_start > high_limit) return -ENOMEM; found: /* We found a suitable gap. Clip it with the original low_limit. */ if (gap_start < info->low_limit) gap_start = info->low_limit; /* Adjust gap address to the desired alignment */ gap_start += (info->align_offset - gap_start) & info->align_mask; VM_BUG_ON(gap_start + info->length > info->high_limit); VM_BUG_ON(gap_start + info->length > gap_end); return gap_start; } static unsigned long unmapped_area_topdown(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long length, low_limit, high_limit, gap_start, gap_end; /* Adjust search length to account for worst case alignment overhead */ length = info->length + info->align_mask; if (length < info->length) return -ENOMEM; /* * Adjust search limits by the desired length. * See implementation comment at top of unmapped_area(). */ gap_end = info->high_limit; if (gap_end < length) return -ENOMEM; high_limit = gap_end - length; if (info->low_limit > high_limit) return -ENOMEM; low_limit = info->low_limit + length; /* Check highest gap, which does not precede any rbtree node */ gap_start = mm->highest_vm_end; if (gap_start <= high_limit) goto found_highest; /* Check if rbtree root looks promising */ if (RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mm->mm_rb)) return -ENOMEM; vma = rb_entry(mm->mm_rb.rb_node, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (vma->rb_subtree_gap < length) return -ENOMEM; while (true) { /* Visit right subtree if it looks promising */ gap_start = vma->vm_prev ? vm_end_gap(vma->vm_prev) : 0; if (gap_start <= high_limit && vma->vm_rb.rb_right) { struct vm_area_struct *right = rb_entry(vma->vm_rb.rb_right, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (right->rb_subtree_gap >= length) { vma = right; continue; } } check_current: /* Check if current node has a suitable gap */ gap_end = vm_start_gap(vma); if (gap_end < low_limit) return -ENOMEM; if (gap_start <= high_limit && gap_end > gap_start && gap_end - gap_start >= length) goto found; /* Visit left subtree if it looks promising */ if (vma->vm_rb.rb_left) { struct vm_area_struct *left = rb_entry(vma->vm_rb.rb_left, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (left->rb_subtree_gap >= length) { vma = left; continue; } } /* Go back up the rbtree to find next candidate node */ while (true) { struct rb_node *prev = &vma->vm_rb; if (!rb_parent(prev)) return -ENOMEM; vma = rb_entry(rb_parent(prev), struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (prev == vma->vm_rb.rb_right) { gap_start = vma->vm_prev ? vm_end_gap(vma->vm_prev) : 0; goto check_current; } } } found: /* We found a suitable gap. Clip it with the original high_limit. */ if (gap_end > info->high_limit) gap_end = info->high_limit; found_highest: /* Compute highest gap address at the desired alignment */ gap_end -= info->length; gap_end -= (gap_end - info->align_offset) & info->align_mask; VM_BUG_ON(gap_end < info->low_limit); VM_BUG_ON(gap_end < gap_start); return gap_end; } /* * Search for an unmapped address range. * * We are looking for a range that: * - does not intersect with any VMA; * - is contained within the [low_limit, high_limit) interval; * - is at least the desired size. * - satisfies (begin_addr & align_mask) == (align_offset & align_mask) */ unsigned long vm_unmapped_area(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info) { unsigned long addr; if (info->flags & VM_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN) addr = unmapped_area_topdown(info); else addr = unmapped_area(info); trace_vm_unmapped_area(addr, info); return addr; } #ifndef arch_get_mmap_end #define arch_get_mmap_end(addr) (TASK_SIZE) #endif #ifndef arch_get_mmap_base #define arch_get_mmap_base(addr, base) (base) #endif /* Get an address range which is currently unmapped. * For shmat() with addr=0. * * Ugly calling convention alert: * Return value with the low bits set means error value, * ie * if (ret & ~PAGE_MASK) * error = ret; * * This function "knows" that -ENOMEM has the bits set. */ #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_UNMAPPED_AREA unsigned long arch_get_unmapped_area(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev; struct vm_unmapped_area_info info; const unsigned long mmap_end = arch_get_mmap_end(addr); if (len > mmap_end - mmap_min_addr) return -ENOMEM; if (flags & MAP_FIXED) return addr; if (addr) { addr = PAGE_ALIGN(addr); vma = find_vma_prev(mm, addr, &prev); if (mmap_end - len >= addr && addr >= mmap_min_addr && (!vma || addr + len <= vm_start_gap(vma)) && (!prev || addr >= vm_end_gap(prev))) return addr; } info.flags = 0; info.length = len; info.low_limit = mm->mmap_base; info.high_limit = mmap_end; info.align_mask = 0; info.align_offset = 0; return vm_unmapped_area(&info); } #endif /* * This mmap-allocator allocates new areas top-down from below the * stack's low limit (the base): */ #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN unsigned long arch_get_unmapped_area_topdown(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags) { struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_unmapped_area_info info; const unsigned long mmap_end = arch_get_mmap_end(addr); /* requested length too big for entire address space */ if (len > mmap_end - mmap_min_addr) return -ENOMEM; if (flags & MAP_FIXED) return addr; /* requesting a specific address */ if (addr) { addr = PAGE_ALIGN(addr); vma = find_vma_prev(mm, addr, &prev); if (mmap_end - len >= addr && addr >= mmap_min_addr && (!vma || addr + len <= vm_start_gap(vma)) && (!prev || addr >= vm_end_gap(prev))) return addr; } info.flags = VM_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN; info.length = len; info.low_limit = max(PAGE_SIZE, mmap_min_addr); info.high_limit = arch_get_mmap_base(addr, mm->mmap_base); info.align_mask = 0; info.align_offset = 0; addr = vm_unmapped_area(&info); /* * A failed mmap() very likely causes application failure, * so fall back to the bottom-up function here. This scenario * can happen with large stack limits and large mmap() * allocations. */ if (offset_in_page(addr)) { VM_BUG_ON(addr != -ENOMEM); info.flags = 0; info.low_limit = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE; info.high_limit = mmap_end; addr = vm_unmapped_area(&info); } return addr; } #endif unsigned long get_unmapped_area(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags) { unsigned long (*get_area)(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); unsigned long error = arch_mmap_check(addr, len, flags); if (error) return error; /* Careful about overflows.. */ if (len > TASK_SIZE) return -ENOMEM; get_area = current->mm->get_unmapped_area; if (file) { if (file->f_op->get_unmapped_area) get_area = file->f_op->get_unmapped_area; } else if (flags & MAP_SHARED) { /* * mmap_region() will call shmem_zero_setup() to create a file, * so use shmem's get_unmapped_area in case it can be huge. * do_mmap() will clear pgoff, so match alignment. */ pgoff = 0; get_area = shmem_get_unmapped_area; } addr = get_area(file, addr, len, pgoff, flags); if (IS_ERR_VALUE(addr)) return addr; if (addr > TASK_SIZE - len) return -ENOMEM; if (offset_in_page(addr)) return -EINVAL; error = security_mmap_addr(addr); return error ? error : addr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_unmapped_area); /* Look up the first VMA which satisfies addr < vm_end, NULL if none. */ struct vm_area_struct *find_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { struct rb_node *rb_node; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* Check the cache first. */ vma = vmacache_find(mm, addr); if (likely(vma)) return vma; rb_node = mm->mm_rb.rb_node; while (rb_node) { struct vm_area_struct *tmp; tmp = rb_entry(rb_node, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb); if (tmp->vm_end > addr) { vma = tmp; if (tmp->vm_start <= addr) break; rb_node = rb_node->rb_left; } else rb_node = rb_node->rb_right; } if (vma) vmacache_update(addr, vma); return vma; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_vma); /* * Same as find_vma, but also return a pointer to the previous VMA in *pprev. */ struct vm_area_struct * find_vma_prev(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct **pprev) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (vma) { *pprev = vma->vm_prev; } else { struct rb_node *rb_node = rb_last(&mm->mm_rb); *pprev = rb_node ? rb_entry(rb_node, struct vm_area_struct, vm_rb) : NULL; } return vma; } /* * Verify that the stack growth is acceptable and * update accounting. This is shared with both the * grow-up and grow-down cases. */ static int acct_stack_growth(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long size, unsigned long grow) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long new_start; /* address space limit tests */ if (!may_expand_vm(mm, vma->vm_flags, grow)) return -ENOMEM; /* Stack limit test */ if (size > rlimit(RLIMIT_STACK)) return -ENOMEM; /* mlock limit tests */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) { unsigned long locked; unsigned long limit; locked = mm->locked_vm + grow; limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK); limit >>= PAGE_SHIFT; if (locked > limit && !capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)) return -ENOMEM; } /* Check to ensure the stack will not grow into a hugetlb-only region */ new_start = (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP) ? vma->vm_start : vma->vm_end - size; if (is_hugepage_only_range(vma->vm_mm, new_start, size)) return -EFAULT; /* * Overcommit.. This must be the final test, as it will * update security statistics. */ if (security_vm_enough_memory_mm(mm, grow)) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } #if defined(CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP) || defined(CONFIG_IA64) /* * PA-RISC uses this for its stack; IA64 for its Register Backing Store. * vma is the last one with address > vma->vm_end. Have to extend vma. */ int expand_upwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct vm_area_struct *next; unsigned long gap_addr; int error = 0; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP)) return -EFAULT; /* Guard against exceeding limits of the address space. */ address &= PAGE_MASK; if (address >= (TASK_SIZE & PAGE_MASK)) return -ENOMEM; address += PAGE_SIZE; /* Enforce stack_guard_gap */ gap_addr = address + stack_guard_gap; /* Guard against overflow */ if (gap_addr < address || gap_addr > TASK_SIZE) gap_addr = TASK_SIZE; next = vma->vm_next; if (next && next->vm_start < gap_addr && vma_is_accessible(next)) { if (!(next->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP)) return -ENOMEM; /* Check that both stack segments have the same anon_vma? */ } /* We must make sure the anon_vma is allocated. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return -ENOMEM; /* * vma->vm_start/vm_end cannot change under us because the caller * is required to hold the mmap_lock in read mode. We need the * anon_vma lock to serialize against concurrent expand_stacks. */ anon_vma_lock_write(vma->anon_vma); /* Somebody else might have raced and expanded it already */ if (address > vma->vm_end) { unsigned long size, grow; size = address - vma->vm_start; grow = (address - vma->vm_end) >> PAGE_SHIFT; error = -ENOMEM; if (vma->vm_pgoff + (size >> PAGE_SHIFT) >= vma->vm_pgoff) { error = acct_stack_growth(vma, size, grow); if (!error) { /* * vma_gap_update() doesn't support concurrent * updates, but we only hold a shared mmap_lock * lock here, so we need to protect against * concurrent vma expansions. * anon_vma_lock_write() doesn't help here, as * we don't guarantee that all growable vmas * in a mm share the same root anon vma. * So, we reuse mm->page_table_lock to guard * against concurrent vma expansions. */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) mm->locked_vm += grow; vm_stat_account(mm, vma->vm_flags, grow); anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(vma); vma->vm_end = address; anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(vma); if (vma->vm_next) vma_gap_update(vma->vm_next); else mm->highest_vm_end = vm_end_gap(vma); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); perf_event_mmap(vma); } } } anon_vma_unlock_write(vma->anon_vma); khugepaged_enter_vma_merge(vma, vma->vm_flags); validate_mm(mm); return error; } #endif /* CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP || CONFIG_IA64 */ /* * vma is the first one with address < vma->vm_start. Have to extend vma. */ int expand_downwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct vm_area_struct *prev; int error = 0; address &= PAGE_MASK; if (address < mmap_min_addr) return -EPERM; /* Enforce stack_guard_gap */ prev = vma->vm_prev; /* Check that both stack segments have the same anon_vma? */ if (prev && !(prev->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN) && vma_is_accessible(prev)) { if (address - prev->vm_end < stack_guard_gap) return -ENOMEM; } /* We must make sure the anon_vma is allocated. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return -ENOMEM; /* * vma->vm_start/vm_end cannot change under us because the caller * is required to hold the mmap_lock in read mode. We need the * anon_vma lock to serialize against concurrent expand_stacks. */ anon_vma_lock_write(vma->anon_vma); /* Somebody else might have raced and expanded it already */ if (address < vma->vm_start) { unsigned long size, grow; size = vma->vm_end - address; grow = (vma->vm_start - address) >> PAGE_SHIFT; error = -ENOMEM; if (grow <= vma->vm_pgoff) { error = acct_stack_growth(vma, size, grow); if (!error) { /* * vma_gap_update() doesn't support concurrent * updates, but we only hold a shared mmap_lock * lock here, so we need to protect against * concurrent vma expansions. * anon_vma_lock_write() doesn't help here, as * we don't guarantee that all growable vmas * in a mm share the same root anon vma. * So, we reuse mm->page_table_lock to guard * against concurrent vma expansions. */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) mm->locked_vm += grow; vm_stat_account(mm, vma->vm_flags, grow); anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(vma); vma->vm_start = address; vma->vm_pgoff -= grow; anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(vma); vma_gap_update(vma); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); perf_event_mmap(vma); } } } anon_vma_unlock_write(vma->anon_vma); khugepaged_enter_vma_merge(vma, vma->vm_flags); validate_mm(mm); return error; } /* enforced gap between the expanding stack and other mappings. */ unsigned long stack_guard_gap = 256UL<<PAGE_SHIFT; static int __init cmdline_parse_stack_guard_gap(char *p) { unsigned long val; char *endptr; val = simple_strtoul(p, &endptr, 10); if (!*endptr) stack_guard_gap = val << PAGE_SHIFT; return 0; } __setup("stack_guard_gap=", cmdline_parse_stack_guard_gap); #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP int expand_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { return expand_upwards(vma, address); } struct vm_area_struct * find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev; addr &= PAGE_MASK; vma = find_vma_prev(mm, addr, &prev); if (vma && (vma->vm_start <= addr)) return vma; /* don't alter vm_end if the coredump is running */ if (!prev || expand_stack(prev, addr)) return NULL; if (prev->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) populate_vma_page_range(prev, addr, prev->vm_end, NULL); return prev; } #else int expand_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address) { return expand_downwards(vma, address); } struct vm_area_struct * find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long start; addr &= PAGE_MASK; vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (!vma) return NULL; if (vma->vm_start <= addr) return vma; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN)) return NULL; start = vma->vm_start; if (expand_stack(vma, addr)) return NULL; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) populate_vma_page_range(vma, addr, start, NULL); return vma; } #endif EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(find_extend_vma); /* * Ok - we have the memory areas we should free on the vma list, * so release them, and do the vma updates. * * Called with the mm semaphore held. */ static void remove_vma_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long nr_accounted = 0; /* Update high watermark before we lower total_vm */ update_hiwater_vm(mm); do { long nrpages = vma_pages(vma); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) nr_accounted += nrpages; vm_stat_account(mm, vma->vm_flags, -nrpages); vma = remove_vma(vma); } while (vma); vm_unacct_memory(nr_accounted); validate_mm(mm); } /* * Get rid of page table information in the indicated region. * * Called with the mm semaphore held. */ static void unmap_region(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma_next(mm, prev); struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, start, end); update_hiwater_rss(mm); unmap_vmas(&tlb, vma, start, end); free_pgtables(&tlb, vma, prev ? prev->vm_end : FIRST_USER_ADDRESS, next ? next->vm_start : USER_PGTABLES_CEILING); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, end); } /* * Create a list of vma's touched by the unmap, removing them from the mm's * vma list as we go.. */ static bool detach_vmas_to_be_unmapped(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long end) { struct vm_area_struct **insertion_point; struct vm_area_struct *tail_vma = NULL; insertion_point = (prev ? &prev->vm_next : &mm->mmap); vma->vm_prev = NULL; do { vma_rb_erase(vma, &mm->mm_rb); mm->map_count--; tail_vma = vma; vma = vma->vm_next; } while (vma && vma->vm_start < end); *insertion_point = vma; if (vma) { vma->vm_prev = prev; vma_gap_update(vma); } else mm->highest_vm_end = prev ? vm_end_gap(prev) : 0; tail_vma->vm_next = NULL; /* Kill the cache */ vmacache_invalidate(mm); /* * Do not downgrade mmap_lock if we are next to VM_GROWSDOWN or * VM_GROWSUP VMA. Such VMAs can change their size under * down_read(mmap_lock) and collide with the VMA we are about to unmap. */ if (vma && (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN)) return false; if (prev && (prev->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP)) return false; return true; } /* * __split_vma() bypasses sysctl_max_map_count checking. We use this where it * has already been checked or doesn't make sense to fail. */ int __split_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int new_below) { struct vm_area_struct *new; int err; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->split) { err = vma->vm_ops->split(vma, addr); if (err) return err; } new = vm_area_dup(vma); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; if (new_below) new->vm_end = addr; else { new->vm_start = addr; new->vm_pgoff += ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT); } err = vma_dup_policy(vma, new); if (err) goto out_free_vma; err = anon_vma_clone(new, vma); if (err) goto out_free_mpol; if (new->vm_file) get_file(new->vm_file); if (new->vm_ops && new->vm_ops->open) new->vm_ops->open(new); if (new_below) err = vma_adjust(vma, addr, vma->vm_end, vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - new->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT), new); else err = vma_adjust(vma, vma->vm_start, addr, vma->vm_pgoff, new); /* Success. */ if (!err) return 0; /* Clean everything up if vma_adjust failed. */ if (new->vm_ops && new->vm_ops->close) new->vm_ops->close(new); if (new->vm_file) fput(new->vm_file); unlink_anon_vmas(new); out_free_mpol: mpol_put(vma_policy(new)); out_free_vma: vm_area_free(new); return err; } /* * Split a vma into two pieces at address 'addr', a new vma is allocated * either for the first part or the tail. */ int split_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int new_below) { if (mm->map_count >= sysctl_max_map_count) return -ENOMEM; return __split_vma(mm, vma, addr, new_below); } /* Munmap is split into 2 main parts -- this part which finds * what needs doing, and the areas themselves, which do the * work. This now handles partial unmappings. * Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> */ int __do_munmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len, struct list_head *uf, bool downgrade) { unsigned long end; struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev, *last; if ((offset_in_page(start)) || start > TASK_SIZE || len > TASK_SIZE-start) return -EINVAL; len = PAGE_ALIGN(len); end = start + len; if (len == 0) return -EINVAL; /* * arch_unmap() might do unmaps itself. It must be called * and finish any rbtree manipulation before this code * runs and also starts to manipulate the rbtree. */ arch_unmap(mm, start, end); /* Find the first overlapping VMA */ vma = find_vma(mm, start); if (!vma) return 0; prev = vma->vm_prev; /* we have start < vma->vm_end */ /* if it doesn't overlap, we have nothing.. */ if (vma->vm_start >= end) return 0; /* * If we need to split any vma, do it now to save pain later. * * Note: mremap's move_vma VM_ACCOUNT handling assumes a partially * unmapped vm_area_struct will remain in use: so lower split_vma * places tmp vma above, and higher split_vma places tmp vma below. */ if (start > vma->vm_start) { int error; /* * Make sure that map_count on return from munmap() will * not exceed its limit; but let map_count go just above * its limit temporarily, to help free resources as expected. */ if (end < vma->vm_end && mm->map_count >= sysctl_max_map_count) return -ENOMEM; error = __split_vma(mm, vma, start, 0); if (error) return error; prev = vma; } /* Does it split the last one? */ last = find_vma(mm, end); if (last && end > last->vm_start) { int error = __split_vma(mm, last, end, 1); if (error) return error; } vma = vma_next(mm, prev); if (unlikely(uf)) { /* * If userfaultfd_unmap_prep returns an error the vmas * will remain splitted, but userland will get a * highly unexpected error anyway. This is no * different than the case where the first of the two * __split_vma fails, but we don't undo the first * split, despite we could. This is unlikely enough * failure that it's not worth optimizing it for. */ int error = userfaultfd_unmap_prep(vma, start, end, uf); if (error) return error; } /* * unlock any mlock()ed ranges before detaching vmas */ if (mm->locked_vm) { struct vm_area_struct *tmp = vma; while (tmp && tmp->vm_start < end) { if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) { mm->locked_vm -= vma_pages(tmp); munlock_vma_pages_all(tmp); } tmp = tmp->vm_next; } } /* Detach vmas from rbtree */ if (!detach_vmas_to_be_unmapped(mm, vma, prev, end)) downgrade = false; if (downgrade) mmap_write_downgrade(mm); unmap_region(mm, vma, prev, start, end); /* Fix up all other VM information */ remove_vma_list(mm, vma); return downgrade ? 1 : 0; } int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len, struct list_head *uf) { return __do_munmap(mm, start, len, uf, false); } static int __vm_munmap(unsigned long start, size_t len, bool downgrade) { int ret; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; LIST_HEAD(uf); if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm)) return -EINTR; ret = __do_munmap(mm, start, len, &uf, downgrade); /* * Returning 1 indicates mmap_lock is downgraded. * But 1 is not legal return value of vm_munmap() and munmap(), reset * it to 0 before return. */ if (ret == 1) { mmap_read_unlock(mm); ret = 0; } else mmap_write_unlock(mm); userfaultfd_unmap_complete(mm, &uf); return ret; } int vm_munmap(unsigned long start, size_t len) { return __vm_munmap(start, len, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_munmap); SYSCALL_DEFINE2(munmap, unsigned long, addr, size_t, len) { addr = untagged_addr(addr); profile_munmap(addr); return __vm_munmap(addr, len, true); } /* * Emulation of deprecated remap_file_pages() syscall. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(remap_file_pages, unsigned long, start, unsigned long, size, unsigned long, prot, unsigned long, pgoff, unsigned long, flags) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long populate = 0; unsigned long ret = -EINVAL; struct file *file; pr_warn_once("%s (%d) uses deprecated remap_file_pages() syscall. See Documentation/vm/remap_file_pages.rst.\n", current->comm, current->pid); if (prot) return ret; start = start & PAGE_MASK; size = size & PAGE_MASK; if (start + size <= start) return ret; /* Does pgoff wrap? */ if (pgoff + (size >> PAGE_SHIFT) < pgoff) return ret; if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm)) return -EINTR; vma = find_vma(mm, start); if (!vma || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) goto out; if (start < vma->vm_start) goto out; if (start + size > vma->vm_end) { struct vm_area_struct *next; for (next = vma->vm_next; next; next = next->vm_next) { /* hole between vmas ? */ if (next->vm_start != next->vm_prev->vm_end) goto out; if (next->vm_file != vma->vm_file) goto out; if (next->vm_flags != vma->vm_flags) goto out; if (start + size <= next->vm_end) break; } if (!next) goto out; } prot |= vma->vm_flags & VM_READ ? PROT_READ : 0; prot |= vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE ? PROT_WRITE : 0; prot |= vma->vm_flags & VM_EXEC ? PROT_EXEC : 0; flags &= MAP_NONBLOCK; flags |= MAP_SHARED | MAP_FIXED | MAP_POPULATE; if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) { struct vm_area_struct *tmp; flags |= MAP_LOCKED; /* drop PG_Mlocked flag for over-mapped range */ for (tmp = vma; tmp->vm_start >= start + size; tmp = tmp->vm_next) { /* * Split pmd and munlock page on the border * of the range. */ vma_adjust_trans_huge(tmp, start, start + size, 0); munlock_vma_pages_range(tmp, max(tmp->vm_start, start), min(tmp->vm_end, start + size)); } } file = get_file(vma->vm_file); ret = do_mmap(vma->vm_file, start, size, prot, flags, pgoff, &populate, NULL); fput(file); out: mmap_write_unlock(mm); if (populate) mm_populate(ret, populate); if (!IS_ERR_VALUE(ret)) ret = 0; return ret; } /* * this is really a simplified "do_mmap". it only handles * anonymous maps. eventually we may be able to do some * brk-specific accounting here. */ static int do_brk_flags(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, struct list_head *uf) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev; struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent; pgoff_t pgoff = addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; int error; unsigned long mapped_addr; /* Until we need other flags, refuse anything except VM_EXEC. */ if ((flags & (~VM_EXEC)) != 0) return -EINVAL; flags |= VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_ACCOUNT | mm->def_flags; mapped_addr = get_unmapped_area(NULL, addr, len, 0, MAP_FIXED); if (IS_ERR_VALUE(mapped_addr)) return mapped_addr; error = mlock_future_check(mm, mm->def_flags, len); if (error) return error; /* Clear old maps, set up prev, rb_link, rb_parent, and uf */ if (munmap_vma_range(mm, addr, len, &prev, &rb_link, &rb_parent, uf)) return -ENOMEM; /* Check against address space limits *after* clearing old maps... */ if (!may_expand_vm(mm, flags, len >> PAGE_SHIFT)) return -ENOMEM; if (mm->map_count > sysctl_max_map_count) return -ENOMEM; if (security_vm_enough_memory_mm(mm, len >> PAGE_SHIFT)) return -ENOMEM; /* Can we just expand an old private anonymous mapping? */ vma = vma_merge(mm, prev, addr, addr + len, flags, NULL, NULL, pgoff, NULL, NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX); if (vma) goto out; /* * create a vma struct for an anonymous mapping */ vma = vm_area_alloc(mm); if (!vma) { vm_unacct_memory(len >> PAGE_SHIFT); return -ENOMEM; } vma_set_anonymous(vma); vma->vm_start = addr; vma->vm_end = addr + len; vma->vm_pgoff = pgoff; vma->vm_flags = flags; vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(flags); vma_link(mm, vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent); out: perf_event_mmap(vma); mm->total_vm += len >> PAGE_SHIFT; mm->data_vm += len >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (flags & VM_LOCKED) mm->locked_vm += (len >> PAGE_SHIFT); vma->vm_flags |= VM_SOFTDIRTY; return 0; } int vm_brk_flags(unsigned long addr, unsigned long request, unsigned long flags) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; unsigned long len; int ret; bool populate; LIST_HEAD(uf); len = PAGE_ALIGN(request); if (len < request) return -ENOMEM; if (!len) return 0; if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm)) return -EINTR; ret = do_brk_flags(addr, len, flags, &uf); populate = ((mm->def_flags & VM_LOCKED) != 0); mmap_write_unlock(mm); userfaultfd_unmap_complete(mm, &uf); if (populate && !ret) mm_populate(addr, len); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_brk_flags); int vm_brk(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len) { return vm_brk_flags(addr, len, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_brk); /* Release all mmaps. */ void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct mmu_gather tlb; struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long nr_accounted = 0; /* mm's last user has gone, and its about to be pulled down */ mmu_notifier_release(mm); if (unlikely(mm_is_oom_victim(mm))) { /* * Manually reap the mm to free as much memory as possible. * Then, as the oom reaper does, set MMF_OOM_SKIP to disregard * this mm from further consideration. Taking mm->mmap_lock for * write after setting MMF_OOM_SKIP will guarantee that the oom * reaper will not run on this mm again after mmap_lock is * dropped. * * Nothing can be holding mm->mmap_lock here and the above call * to mmu_notifier_release(mm) ensures mmu notifier callbacks in * __oom_reap_task_mm() will not block. * * This needs to be done before calling munlock_vma_pages_all(), * which clears VM_LOCKED, otherwise the oom reaper cannot * reliably test it. */ (void)__oom_reap_task_mm(mm); set_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &mm->flags); mmap_write_lock(mm); mmap_write_unlock(mm); } if (mm->locked_vm) { vma = mm->mmap; while (vma) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) munlock_vma_pages_all(vma); vma = vma->vm_next; } } arch_exit_mmap(mm); vma = mm->mmap; if (!vma) /* Can happen if dup_mmap() received an OOM */ return; lru_add_drain(); flush_cache_mm(mm); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm, 0, -1); /* update_hiwater_rss(mm) here? but nobody should be looking */ /* Use -1 here to ensure all VMAs in the mm are unmapped */ unmap_vmas(&tlb, vma, 0, -1); free_pgtables(&tlb, vma, FIRST_USER_ADDRESS, USER_PGTABLES_CEILING); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, 0, -1); /* * Walk the list again, actually closing and freeing it, * with preemption enabled, without holding any MM locks. */ while (vma) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) nr_accounted += vma_pages(vma); vma = remove_vma(vma); cond_resched(); } vm_unacct_memory(nr_accounted); } /* Insert vm structure into process list sorted by address * and into the inode's i_mmap tree. If vm_file is non-NULL * then i_mmap_rwsem is taken here. */ int insert_vm_struct(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct vm_area_struct *prev; struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent; if (find_vma_links(mm, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, &prev, &rb_link, &rb_parent)) return -ENOMEM; if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) && security_vm_enough_memory_mm(mm, vma_pages(vma))) return -ENOMEM; /* * The vm_pgoff of a purely anonymous vma should be irrelevant * until its first write fault, when page's anon_vma and index * are set. But now set the vm_pgoff it will almost certainly * end up with (unless mremap moves it elsewhere before that * first wfault), so /proc/pid/maps tells a consistent story. * * By setting it to reflect the virtual start address of the * vma, merges and splits can happen in a seamless way, just * using the existing file pgoff checks and manipulations. * Similarly in do_mmap and in do_brk_flags. */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vma)) { BUG_ON(vma->anon_vma); vma->vm_pgoff = vma->vm_start >> PAGE_SHIFT; } vma_link(mm, vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent); return 0; } /* * Copy the vma structure to a new location in the same mm, * prior to moving page table entries, to effect an mremap move. */ struct vm_area_struct *copy_vma(struct vm_area_struct **vmap, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, pgoff_t pgoff, bool *need_rmap_locks) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = *vmap; unsigned long vma_start = vma->vm_start; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct vm_area_struct *new_vma, *prev; struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent; bool faulted_in_anon_vma = true; /* * If anonymous vma has not yet been faulted, update new pgoff * to match new location, to increase its chance of merging. */ if (unlikely(vma_is_anonymous(vma) && !vma->anon_vma)) { pgoff = addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; faulted_in_anon_vma = false; } if (find_vma_links(mm, addr, addr + len, &prev, &rb_link, &rb_parent)) return NULL; /* should never get here */ new_vma = vma_merge(mm, prev, addr, addr + len, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, vma->vm_file, pgoff, vma_policy(vma), vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx); if (new_vma) { /* * Source vma may have been merged into new_vma */ if (unlikely(vma_start >= new_vma->vm_start && vma_start < new_vma->vm_end)) { /* * The only way we can get a vma_merge with * self during an mremap is if the vma hasn't * been faulted in yet and we were allowed to * reset the dst vma->vm_pgoff to the * destination address of the mremap to allow * the merge to happen. mremap must change the * vm_pgoff linearity between src and dst vmas * (in turn preventing a vma_merge) to be * safe. It is only safe to keep the vm_pgoff * linear if there are no pages mapped yet. */ VM_BUG_ON_VMA(faulted_in_anon_vma, new_vma); *vmap = vma = new_vma; } *need_rmap_locks = (new_vma->vm_pgoff <= vma->vm_pgoff); } else { new_vma = vm_area_dup(vma); if (!new_vma) goto out; new_vma->vm_start = addr; new_vma->vm_end = addr + len; new_vma->vm_pgoff = pgoff; if (vma_dup_policy(vma, new_vma)) goto out_free_vma; if (anon_vma_clone(new_vma, vma)) goto out_free_mempol; if (new_vma->vm_file) get_file(new_vma->vm_file); if (new_vma->vm_ops && new_vma->vm_ops->open) new_vma->vm_ops->open(new_vma); vma_link(mm, new_vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent); *need_rmap_locks = false; } return new_vma; out_free_mempol: mpol_put(vma_policy(new_vma)); out_free_vma: vm_area_free(new_vma); out: return NULL; } /* * Return true if the calling process may expand its vm space by the passed * number of pages */ bool may_expand_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, vm_flags_t flags, unsigned long npages) { if (mm->total_vm + npages > rlimit(RLIMIT_AS) >> PAGE_SHIFT) return false; if (is_data_mapping(flags) && mm->data_vm + npages > rlimit(RLIMIT_DATA) >> PAGE_SHIFT) { /* Workaround for Valgrind */ if (rlimit(RLIMIT_DATA) == 0 && mm->data_vm + npages <= rlimit_max(RLIMIT_DATA) >> PAGE_SHIFT) return true; pr_warn_once("%s (%d): VmData %lu exceed data ulimit %lu. Update limits%s.\n", current->comm, current->pid, (mm->data_vm + npages) << PAGE_SHIFT, rlimit(RLIMIT_DATA), ignore_rlimit_data ? "" : " or use boot option ignore_rlimit_data"); if (!ignore_rlimit_data) return false; } return true; } void vm_stat_account(struct mm_struct *mm, vm_flags_t flags, long npages) { mm->total_vm += npages; if (is_exec_mapping(flags)) mm->exec_vm += npages; else if (is_stack_mapping(flags)) mm->stack_vm += npages; else if (is_data_mapping(flags)) mm->data_vm += npages; } static vm_fault_t special_mapping_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* * Having a close hook prevents vma merging regardless of flags. */ static void special_mapping_close(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { } static const char *special_mapping_name(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return ((struct vm_special_mapping *)vma->vm_private_data)->name; } static int special_mapping_mremap(struct vm_area_struct *new_vma) { struct vm_special_mapping *sm = new_vma->vm_private_data; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(current->mm != new_vma->vm_mm)) return -EFAULT; if (sm->mremap) return sm->mremap(sm, new_vma); return 0; } static const struct vm_operations_struct special_mapping_vmops = { .close = special_mapping_close, .fault = special_mapping_fault, .mremap = special_mapping_mremap, .name = special_mapping_name, /* vDSO code relies that VVAR can't be accessed remotely */ .access = NULL, }; static const struct vm_operations_struct legacy_special_mapping_vmops = { .close = special_mapping_close, .fault = special_mapping_fault, }; static vm_fault_t special_mapping_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; pgoff_t pgoff; struct page **pages; if (vma->vm_ops == &legacy_special_mapping_vmops) { pages = vma->vm_private_data; } else { struct vm_special_mapping *sm = vma->vm_private_data; if (sm->fault) return sm->fault(sm, vmf->vma, vmf); pages = sm->pages; } for (pgoff = vmf->pgoff; pgoff && *pages; ++pages) pgoff--; if (*pages) { struct page *page = *pages; get_page(page); vmf->page = page; return 0; } return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } static struct vm_area_struct *__install_special_mapping( struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long vm_flags, void *priv, const struct vm_operations_struct *ops) { int ret; struct vm_area_struct *vma; vma = vm_area_alloc(mm); if (unlikely(vma == NULL)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); vma->vm_start = addr; vma->vm_end = addr + len; vma->vm_flags = vm_flags | mm->def_flags | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_SOFTDIRTY; vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vma->vm_flags); vma->vm_ops = ops; vma->vm_private_data = priv; ret = insert_vm_struct(mm, vma); if (ret) goto out; vm_stat_account(mm, vma->vm_flags, len >> PAGE_SHIFT); perf_event_mmap(vma); return vma; out: vm_area_free(vma); return ERR_PTR(ret); } bool vma_is_special_mapping(const struct vm_area_struct *vma, const struct vm_special_mapping *sm) { return vma->vm_private_data == sm && (vma->vm_ops == &special_mapping_vmops || vma->vm_ops == &legacy_special_mapping_vmops); } /* * Called with mm->mmap_lock held for writing. * Insert a new vma covering the given region, with the given flags. * Its pages are supplied by the given array of struct page *. * The array can be shorter than len >> PAGE_SHIFT if it's null-terminated. * The region past the last page supplied will always produce SIGBUS. * The array pointer and the pages it points to are assumed to stay alive * for as long as this mapping might exist. */ struct vm_area_struct *_install_special_mapping( struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long vm_flags, const struct vm_special_mapping *spec) { return __install_special_mapping(mm, addr, len, vm_flags, (void *)spec, &special_mapping_vmops); } int install_special_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long vm_flags, struct page **pages) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = __install_special_mapping( mm, addr, len, vm_flags, (void *)pages, &legacy_special_mapping_vmops); return PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(vma); } static DEFINE_MUTEX(mm_all_locks_mutex); static void vm_lock_anon_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { if (!test_bit(0, (unsigned long *) &anon_vma->root->rb_root.rb_root.rb_node)) { /* * The LSB of head.next can't change from under us * because we hold the mm_all_locks_mutex. */ down_write_nest_lock(&anon_vma->root->rwsem, &mm->mmap_lock); /* * We can safely modify head.next after taking the * anon_vma->root->rwsem. If some other vma in this mm shares * the same anon_vma we won't take it again. * * No need of atomic instructions here, head.next * can't change from under us thanks to the * anon_vma->root->rwsem. */ if (__test_and_set_bit(0, (unsigned long *) &anon_vma->root->rb_root.rb_root.rb_node)) BUG(); } } static void vm_lock_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, struct address_space *mapping) { if (!test_bit(AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS, &mapping->flags)) { /* * AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS can't change from under us because * we hold the mm_all_locks_mutex. * * Operations on ->flags have to be atomic because * even if AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS is stable thanks to the * mm_all_locks_mutex, there may be other cpus * changing other bitflags in parallel to us. */ if (test_and_set_bit(AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS, &mapping->flags)) BUG(); down_write_nest_lock(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem, &mm->mmap_lock); } } /* * This operation locks against the VM for all pte/vma/mm related * operations that could ever happen on a certain mm. This includes * vmtruncate, try_to_unmap, and all page faults. * * The caller must take the mmap_lock in write mode before calling * mm_take_all_locks(). The caller isn't allowed to release the * mmap_lock until mm_drop_all_locks() returns. * * mmap_lock in write mode is required in order to block all operations * that could modify pagetables and free pages without need of * altering the vma layout. It's also needed in write mode to avoid new * anon_vmas to be associated with existing vmas. * * A single task can't take more than one mm_take_all_locks() in a row * or it would deadlock. * * The LSB in anon_vma->rb_root.rb_node and the AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS bitflag in * mapping->flags avoid to take the same lock twice, if more than one * vma in this mm is backed by the same anon_vma or address_space. * * We take locks in following order, accordingly to comment at beginning * of mm/rmap.c: * - all hugetlbfs_i_mmap_rwsem_key locks (aka mapping->i_mmap_rwsem for * hugetlb mapping); * - all i_mmap_rwsem locks; * - all anon_vma->rwseml * * We can take all locks within these types randomly because the VM code * doesn't nest them and we protected from parallel mm_take_all_locks() by * mm_all_locks_mutex. * * mm_take_all_locks() and mm_drop_all_locks are expensive operations * that may have to take thousand of locks. * * mm_take_all_locks() can fail if it's interrupted by signals. */ int mm_take_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; struct anon_vma_chain *avc; BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(mm)); mutex_lock(&mm_all_locks_mutex); for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) { if (signal_pending(current)) goto out_unlock; if (vma->vm_file && vma->vm_file->f_mapping && is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) vm_lock_mapping(mm, vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) { if (signal_pending(current)) goto out_unlock; if (vma->vm_file && vma->vm_file->f_mapping && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) vm_lock_mapping(mm, vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) { if (signal_pending(current)) goto out_unlock; if (vma->anon_vma) list_for_each_entry(avc, &vma->anon_vma_chain, same_vma) vm_lock_anon_vma(mm, avc->anon_vma); } return 0; out_unlock: mm_drop_all_locks(mm); return -EINTR; } static void vm_unlock_anon_vma(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { if (test_bit(0, (unsigned long *) &anon_vma->root->rb_root.rb_root.rb_node)) { /* * The LSB of head.next can't change to 0 from under * us because we hold the mm_all_locks_mutex. * * We must however clear the bitflag before unlocking * the vma so the users using the anon_vma->rb_root will * never see our bitflag. * * No need of atomic instructions here, head.next * can't change from under us until we release the * anon_vma->root->rwsem. */ if (!__test_and_clear_bit(0, (unsigned long *) &anon_vma->root->rb_root.rb_root.rb_node)) BUG(); anon_vma_unlock_write(anon_vma); } } static void vm_unlock_mapping(struct address_space *mapping) { if (test_bit(AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS, &mapping->flags)) { /* * AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS can't change to 0 from under us * because we hold the mm_all_locks_mutex. */ i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); if (!test_and_clear_bit(AS_MM_ALL_LOCKS, &mapping->flags)) BUG(); } } /* * The mmap_lock cannot be released by the caller until * mm_drop_all_locks() returns. */ void mm_drop_all_locks(struct mm_struct *mm) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; struct anon_vma_chain *avc; BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(mm)); BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&mm_all_locks_mutex)); for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) { if (vma->anon_vma) list_for_each_entry(avc, &vma->anon_vma_chain, same_vma) vm_unlock_anon_vma(avc->anon_vma); if (vma->vm_file && vma->vm_file->f_mapping) vm_unlock_mapping(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } mutex_unlock(&mm_all_locks_mutex); } /* * initialise the percpu counter for VM */ void __init mmap_init(void) { int ret; ret = percpu_counter_init(&vm_committed_as, 0, GFP_KERNEL); VM_BUG_ON(ret); } /* * Initialise sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes. * * This is intended to prevent a user from starting a single memory hogging * process, such that they cannot recover (kill the hog) in OVERCOMMIT_NEVER * mode. * * The default value is min(3% of free memory, 128MB) * 128MB is enough to recover with sshd/login, bash, and top/kill. */ static int init_user_reserve(void) { unsigned long free_kbytes; free_kbytes = global_zone_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes = min(free_kbytes / 32, 1UL << 17); return 0; } subsys_initcall(init_user_reserve); /* * Initialise sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes. * * The purpose of sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes is to allow the sys admin * to log in and kill a memory hogging process. * * Systems with more than 256MB will reserve 8MB, enough to recover * with sshd, bash, and top in OVERCOMMIT_GUESS. Smaller systems will * only reserve 3% of free pages by default. */ static int init_admin_reserve(void) { unsigned long free_kbytes; free_kbytes = global_zone_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes = min(free_kbytes / 32, 1UL << 13); return 0; } subsys_initcall(init_admin_reserve); /* * Reinititalise user and admin reserves if memory is added or removed. * * The default user reserve max is 128MB, and the default max for the * admin reserve is 8MB. These are usually, but not always, enough to * enable recovery from a memory hogging process using login/sshd, a shell, * and tools like top. It may make sense to increase or even disable the * reserve depending on the existence of swap or variations in the recovery * tools. So, the admin may have changed them. * * If memory is added and the reserves have been eliminated or increased above * the default max, then we'll trust the admin. * * If memory is removed and there isn't enough free memory, then we * need to reset the reserves. * * Otherwise keep the reserve set by the admin. */ static int reserve_mem_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long action, void *data) { unsigned long tmp, free_kbytes; switch (action) { case MEM_ONLINE: /* Default max is 128MB. Leave alone if modified by operator. */ tmp = sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes; if (0 < tmp && tmp < (1UL << 17)) init_user_reserve(); /* Default max is 8MB. Leave alone if modified by operator. */ tmp = sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes; if (0 < tmp && tmp < (1UL << 13)) init_admin_reserve(); break; case MEM_OFFLINE: free_kbytes = global_zone_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); if (sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes > free_kbytes) { init_user_reserve(); pr_info("vm.user_reserve_kbytes reset to %lu\n", sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes); } if (sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes > free_kbytes) { init_admin_reserve(); pr_info("vm.admin_reserve_kbytes reset to %lu\n", sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes); } break; default: break; } return NOTIFY_OK; } static struct notifier_block reserve_mem_nb = { .notifier_call = reserve_mem_notifier, }; static int __meminit init_reserve_notifier(void) { if (register_hotmemory_notifier(&reserve_mem_nb)) pr_err("Failed registering memory add/remove notifier for admin reserve\n"); return 0; } subsys_initcall(init_reserve_notifier);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_ATOMIC_H #define _ASM_X86_ATOMIC_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <asm/alternative.h> #include <asm/cmpxchg.h> #include <asm/rmwcc.h> #include <asm/barrier.h> /* * Atomic operations that C can't guarantee us. Useful for * resource counting etc.. */ /** * arch_atomic_read - read atomic variable * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically reads the value of @v. */ static __always_inline int arch_atomic_read(const atomic_t *v) { /* * Note for KASAN: we deliberately don't use READ_ONCE_NOCHECK() here, * it's non-inlined function that increases binary size and stack usage. */ return __READ_ONCE((v)->counter); } /** * arch_atomic_set - set atomic variable * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * @i: required value * * Atomically sets the value of @v to @i. */ static __always_inline void arch_atomic_set(atomic_t *v, int i) { __WRITE_ONCE(v->counter, i); } /** * arch_atomic_add - add integer to atomic variable * @i: integer value to add * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically adds @i to @v. */ static __always_inline void arch_atomic_add(int i, atomic_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "addl %1,%0" : "+m" (v->counter) : "ir" (i) : "memory"); } /** * arch_atomic_sub - subtract integer from atomic variable * @i: integer value to subtract * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically subtracts @i from @v. */ static __always_inline void arch_atomic_sub(int i, atomic_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "subl %1,%0" : "+m" (v->counter) : "ir" (i) : "memory"); } /** * arch_atomic_sub_and_test - subtract value from variable and test result * @i: integer value to subtract * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically subtracts @i from @v and returns * true if the result is zero, or false for all * other cases. */ static __always_inline bool arch_atomic_sub_and_test(int i, atomic_t *v) { return GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "subl", v->counter, e, "er", i); } #define arch_atomic_sub_and_test arch_atomic_sub_and_test /** * arch_atomic_inc - increment atomic variable * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically increments @v by 1. */ static __always_inline void arch_atomic_inc(atomic_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "incl %0" : "+m" (v->counter) :: "memory"); } #define arch_atomic_inc arch_atomic_inc /** * arch_atomic_dec - decrement atomic variable * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically decrements @v by 1. */ static __always_inline void arch_atomic_dec(atomic_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "decl %0" : "+m" (v->counter) :: "memory"); } #define arch_atomic_dec arch_atomic_dec /** * arch_atomic_dec_and_test - decrement and test * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically decrements @v by 1 and * returns true if the result is 0, or false for all other * cases. */ static __always_inline bool arch_atomic_dec_and_test(atomic_t *v) { return GEN_UNARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "decl", v->counter, e); } #define arch_atomic_dec_and_test arch_atomic_dec_and_test /** * arch_atomic_inc_and_test - increment and test * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically increments @v by 1 * and returns true if the result is zero, or false for all * other cases. */ static __always_inline bool arch_atomic_inc_and_test(atomic_t *v) { return GEN_UNARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "incl", v->counter, e); } #define arch_atomic_inc_and_test arch_atomic_inc_and_test /** * arch_atomic_add_negative - add and test if negative * @i: integer value to add * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically adds @i to @v and returns true * if the result is negative, or false when * result is greater than or equal to zero. */ static __always_inline bool arch_atomic_add_negative(int i, atomic_t *v) { return GEN_BINARY_RMWcc(LOCK_PREFIX "addl", v->counter, s, "er", i); } #define arch_atomic_add_negative arch_atomic_add_negative /** * arch_atomic_add_return - add integer and return * @i: integer value to add * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * * Atomically adds @i to @v and returns @i + @v */ static __always_inline int arch_atomic_add_return(int i, atomic_t *v) { return i + xadd(&v->counter, i); } #define arch_atomic_add_return arch_atomic_add_return /** * arch_atomic_sub_return - subtract integer and return * @v: pointer of type atomic_t * @i: integer value to subtract * * Atomically subtracts @i from @v and returns @v - @i */ static __always_inline int arch_atomic_sub_return(int i, atomic_t *v) { return arch_atomic_add_return(-i, v); } #define arch_atomic_sub_return arch_atomic_sub_return static __always_inline int arch_atomic_fetch_add(int i, atomic_t *v) { return xadd(&v->counter, i); } #define arch_atomic_fetch_add arch_atomic_fetch_add static __always_inline int arch_atomic_fetch_sub(int i, atomic_t *v) { return xadd(&v->counter, -i); } #define arch_atomic_fetch_sub arch_atomic_fetch_sub static __always_inline int arch_atomic_cmpxchg(atomic_t *v, int old, int new) { return arch_cmpxchg(&v->counter, old, new); } #define arch_atomic_cmpxchg arch_atomic_cmpxchg static __always_inline bool arch_atomic_try_cmpxchg(atomic_t *v, int *old, int new) { return try_cmpxchg(&v->counter, old, new); } #define arch_atomic_try_cmpxchg arch_atomic_try_cmpxchg static __always_inline int arch_atomic_xchg(atomic_t *v, int new) { return arch_xchg(&v->counter, new); } #define arch_atomic_xchg arch_atomic_xchg static __always_inline void arch_atomic_and(int i, atomic_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "andl %1,%0" : "+m" (v->counter) : "ir" (i) : "memory"); } static __always_inline int arch_atomic_fetch_and(int i, atomic_t *v) { int val = arch_atomic_read(v); do { } while (!arch_atomic_try_cmpxchg(v, &val, val & i)); return val; } #define arch_atomic_fetch_and arch_atomic_fetch_and static __always_inline void arch_atomic_or(int i, atomic_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "orl %1,%0" : "+m" (v->counter) : "ir" (i) : "memory"); } static __always_inline int arch_atomic_fetch_or(int i, atomic_t *v) { int val = arch_atomic_read(v); do { } while (!arch_atomic_try_cmpxchg(v, &val, val | i)); return val; } #define arch_atomic_fetch_or arch_atomic_fetch_or static __always_inline void arch_atomic_xor(int i, atomic_t *v) { asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "xorl %1,%0" : "+m" (v->counter) : "ir" (i) : "memory"); } static __always_inline int arch_atomic_fetch_xor(int i, atomic_t *v) { int val = arch_atomic_read(v); do { } while (!arch_atomic_try_cmpxchg(v, &val, val ^ i)); return val; } #define arch_atomic_fetch_xor arch_atomic_fetch_xor #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # include <asm/atomic64_32.h> #else # include <asm/atomic64_64.h> #endif #define ARCH_ATOMIC #endif /* _ASM_X86_ATOMIC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __SHMEM_FS_H #define __SHMEM_FS_H #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/fs_parser.h> /* inode in-kernel data */ struct shmem_inode_info { spinlock_t lock; unsigned int seals; /* shmem seals */ unsigned long flags; unsigned long alloced; /* data pages alloced to file */ unsigned long swapped; /* subtotal assigned to swap */ struct list_head shrinklist; /* shrinkable hpage inodes */ struct list_head swaplist; /* chain of maybes on swap */ struct shared_policy policy; /* NUMA memory alloc policy */ struct simple_xattrs xattrs; /* list of xattrs */ atomic_t stop_eviction; /* hold when working on inode */ struct inode vfs_inode; }; struct shmem_sb_info { unsigned long max_blocks; /* How many blocks are allowed */ struct percpu_counter used_blocks; /* How many are allocated */ unsigned long max_inodes; /* How many inodes are allowed */ unsigned long free_inodes; /* How many are left for allocation */ spinlock_t stat_lock; /* Serialize shmem_sb_info changes */ umode_t mode; /* Mount mode for root directory */ unsigned char huge; /* Whether to try for hugepages */ kuid_t uid; /* Mount uid for root directory */ kgid_t gid; /* Mount gid for root directory */ bool full_inums; /* If i_ino should be uint or ino_t */ ino_t next_ino; /* The next per-sb inode number to use */ ino_t __percpu *ino_batch; /* The next per-cpu inode number to use */ struct mempolicy *mpol; /* default memory policy for mappings */ spinlock_t shrinklist_lock; /* Protects shrinklist */ struct list_head shrinklist; /* List of shinkable inodes */ unsigned long shrinklist_len; /* Length of shrinklist */ }; static inline struct shmem_inode_info *SHMEM_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct shmem_inode_info, vfs_inode); } /* * Functions in mm/shmem.c called directly from elsewhere: */ extern const struct fs_parameter_spec shmem_fs_parameters[]; extern int shmem_init(void); extern int shmem_init_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc); extern struct file *shmem_file_setup(const char *name, loff_t size, unsigned long flags); extern struct file *shmem_kernel_file_setup(const char *name, loff_t size, unsigned long flags); extern struct file *shmem_file_setup_with_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, loff_t size, unsigned long flags); extern int shmem_zero_setup(struct vm_area_struct *); extern unsigned long shmem_get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); extern int shmem_lock(struct file *file, int lock, struct user_struct *user); #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM extern bool shmem_mapping(struct address_space *mapping); #else static inline bool shmem_mapping(struct address_space *mapping) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_SHMEM */ extern void shmem_unlock_mapping(struct address_space *mapping); extern struct page *shmem_read_mapping_page_gfp(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void shmem_truncate_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t start, loff_t end); extern int shmem_unuse(unsigned int type, bool frontswap, unsigned long *fs_pages_to_unuse); extern bool shmem_huge_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern unsigned long shmem_swap_usage(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern unsigned long shmem_partial_swap_usage(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end); /* Flag allocation requirements to shmem_getpage */ enum sgp_type { SGP_READ, /* don't exceed i_size, don't allocate page */ SGP_CACHE, /* don't exceed i_size, may allocate page */ SGP_NOHUGE, /* like SGP_CACHE, but no huge pages */ SGP_HUGE, /* like SGP_CACHE, huge pages preferred */ SGP_WRITE, /* may exceed i_size, may allocate !Uptodate page */ SGP_FALLOC, /* like SGP_WRITE, but make existing page Uptodate */ }; extern int shmem_getpage(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t index, struct page **pagep, enum sgp_type sgp); static inline struct page *shmem_read_mapping_page( struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { return shmem_read_mapping_page_gfp(mapping, index, mapping_gfp_mask(mapping)); } static inline bool shmem_file(struct file *file) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SHMEM)) return false; if (!file || !file->f_mapping) return false; return shmem_mapping(file->f_mapping); } extern bool shmem_charge(struct inode *inode, long pages); extern void shmem_uncharge(struct inode *inode, long pages); #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM extern int shmem_mcopy_atomic_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, pmd_t *dst_pmd, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, unsigned long dst_addr, unsigned long src_addr, struct page **pagep); extern int shmem_mfill_zeropage_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, pmd_t *dst_pmd, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, unsigned long dst_addr); #else #define shmem_mcopy_atomic_pte(dst_mm, dst_pte, dst_vma, dst_addr, \ src_addr, pagep) ({ BUG(); 0; }) #define shmem_mfill_zeropage_pte(dst_mm, dst_pmd, dst_vma, \ dst_addr) ({ BUG(); 0; }) #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* rwsem.h: R/W semaphores, public interface * * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com). * Derived from asm-i386/semaphore.h */ #ifndef _LINUX_RWSEM_H #define _LINUX_RWSEM_H #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/err.h> #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER #include <linux/osq_lock.h> #endif /* * For an uncontended rwsem, count and owner are the only fields a task * needs to touch when acquiring the rwsem. So they are put next to each * other to increase the chance that they will share the same cacheline. * * In a contended rwsem, the owner is likely the most frequently accessed * field in the structure as the optimistic waiter that holds the osq lock * will spin on owner. For an embedded rwsem, other hot fields in the * containing structure should be moved further away from the rwsem to * reduce the chance that they will share the same cacheline causing * cacheline bouncing problem. */ struct rw_semaphore { atomic_long_t count; /* * Write owner or one of the read owners as well flags regarding * the current state of the rwsem. Can be used as a speculative * check to see if the write owner is running on the cpu. */ atomic_long_t owner; #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER struct optimistic_spin_queue osq; /* spinner MCS lock */ #endif raw_spinlock_t wait_lock; struct list_head wait_list; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RWSEMS void *magic; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif }; /* In all implementations count != 0 means locked */ static inline int rwsem_is_locked(struct rw_semaphore *sem) { return atomic_long_read(&sem->count) != 0; } #define RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE 0L #define __RWSEM_COUNT_INIT(name) .count = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE) /* Common initializer macros and functions */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC # define __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) \ .dep_map = { \ .name = #lockname, \ .wait_type_inner = LD_WAIT_SLEEP, \ }, #else # define __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RWSEMS # define __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) .magic = &lockname, #else # define __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER #define __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(lockname) .osq = OSQ_LOCK_UNLOCKED, #else #define __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(lockname) #endif #define __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name) \ { __RWSEM_COUNT_INIT(name), \ .owner = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0), \ __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(name) \ .wait_lock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(name.wait_lock),\ .wait_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wait_list), \ __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(name) \ __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(name) } #define DECLARE_RWSEM(name) \ struct rw_semaphore name = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name) extern void __init_rwsem(struct rw_semaphore *sem, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key); #define init_rwsem(sem) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ __init_rwsem((sem), #sem, &__key); \ } while (0) /* * This is the same regardless of which rwsem implementation that is being used. * It is just a heuristic meant to be called by somebody alreadying holding the * rwsem to see if somebody from an incompatible type is wanting access to the * lock. */ static inline int rwsem_is_contended(struct rw_semaphore *sem) { return !list_empty(&sem->wait_list); } /* * lock for reading */ extern void down_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_read_interruptible(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_read_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * trylock for reading -- returns 1 if successful, 0 if contention */ extern int down_read_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * lock for writing */ extern void down_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_write_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * trylock for writing -- returns 1 if successful, 0 if contention */ extern int down_write_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * release a read lock */ extern void up_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * release a write lock */ extern void up_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * downgrade write lock to read lock */ extern void downgrade_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC /* * nested locking. NOTE: rwsems are not allowed to recurse * (which occurs if the same task tries to acquire the same * lock instance multiple times), but multiple locks of the * same lock class might be taken, if the order of the locks * is always the same. This ordering rule can be expressed * to lockdep via the _nested() APIs, but enumerating the * subclasses that are used. (If the nesting relationship is * static then another method for expressing nested locking is * the explicit definition of lock class keys and the use of * lockdep_set_class() at lock initialization time. * See Documentation/locking/lockdep-design.rst for more details.) */ extern void down_read_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern int __must_check down_read_killable_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern void down_write_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern int down_write_killable_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern void _down_write_nest_lock(struct rw_semaphore *sem, struct lockdep_map *nest_lock); # define down_write_nest_lock(sem, nest_lock) \ do { \ typecheck(struct lockdep_map *, &(nest_lock)->dep_map); \ _down_write_nest_lock(sem, &(nest_lock)->dep_map); \ } while (0); /* * Take/release a lock when not the owner will release it. * * [ This API should be avoided as much as possible - the * proper abstraction for this case is completions. ] */ extern void down_read_non_owner(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern void up_read_non_owner(struct rw_semaphore *sem); #else # define down_read_nested(sem, subclass) down_read(sem) # define down_read_killable_nested(sem, subclass) down_read_killable(sem) # define down_write_nest_lock(sem, nest_lock) down_write(sem) # define down_write_nested(sem, subclass) down_write(sem) # define down_write_killable_nested(sem, subclass) down_write_killable(sem) # define down_read_non_owner(sem) down_read(sem) # define up_read_non_owner(sem) up_read(sem) #endif #endif /* _LINUX_RWSEM_H */
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1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only #include <crypto/hash.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/bvec.h> #include <linux/fault-inject-usercopy.h> #include <linux/uio.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/splice.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <net/checksum.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <linux/instrumented.h> #define PIPE_PARANOIA /* for now */ #define iterate_iovec(i, n, __v, __p, skip, STEP) { \ size_t left; \ size_t wanted = n; \ __p = i->iov; \ __v.iov_len = min(n, __p->iov_len - skip); \ if (likely(__v.iov_len)) { \ __v.iov_base = __p->iov_base + skip; \ left = (STEP); \ __v.iov_len -= left; \ skip += __v.iov_len; \ n -= __v.iov_len; \ } else { \ left = 0; \ } \ while (unlikely(!left && n)) { \ __p++; \ __v.iov_len = min(n, __p->iov_len); \ if (unlikely(!__v.iov_len)) \ continue; \ __v.iov_base = __p->iov_base; \ left = (STEP); \ __v.iov_len -= left; \ skip = __v.iov_len; \ n -= __v.iov_len; \ } \ n = wanted - n; \ } #define iterate_kvec(i, n, __v, __p, skip, STEP) { \ size_t wanted = n; \ __p = i->kvec; \ __v.iov_len = min(n, __p->iov_len - skip); \ if (likely(__v.iov_len)) { \ __v.iov_base = __p->iov_base + skip; \ (void)(STEP); \ skip += __v.iov_len; \ n -= __v.iov_len; \ } \ while (unlikely(n)) { \ __p++; \ __v.iov_len = min(n, __p->iov_len); \ if (unlikely(!__v.iov_len)) \ continue; \ __v.iov_base = __p->iov_base; \ (void)(STEP); \ skip = __v.iov_len; \ n -= __v.iov_len; \ } \ n = wanted; \ } #define iterate_bvec(i, n, __v, __bi, skip, STEP) { \ struct bvec_iter __start; \ __start.bi_size = n; \ __start.bi_bvec_done = skip; \ __start.bi_idx = 0; \ for_each_bvec(__v, i->bvec, __bi, __start) { \ if (!__v.bv_len) \ continue; \ (void)(STEP); \ } \ } #define iterate_all_kinds(i, n, v, I, B, K) { \ if (likely(n)) { \ size_t skip = i->iov_offset; \ if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_BVEC)) { \ struct bio_vec v; \ struct bvec_iter __bi; \ iterate_bvec(i, n, v, __bi, skip, (B)) \ } else if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_KVEC)) { \ const struct kvec *kvec; \ struct kvec v; \ iterate_kvec(i, n, v, kvec, skip, (K)) \ } else if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_DISCARD)) { \ } else { \ const struct iovec *iov; \ struct iovec v; \ iterate_iovec(i, n, v, iov, skip, (I)) \ } \ } \ } #define iterate_and_advance(i, n, v, I, B, K) { \ if (unlikely(i->count < n)) \ n = i->count; \ if (i->count) { \ size_t skip = i->iov_offset; \ if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_BVEC)) { \ const struct bio_vec *bvec = i->bvec; \ struct bio_vec v; \ struct bvec_iter __bi; \ iterate_bvec(i, n, v, __bi, skip, (B)) \ i->bvec = __bvec_iter_bvec(i->bvec, __bi); \ i->nr_segs -= i->bvec - bvec; \ skip = __bi.bi_bvec_done; \ } else if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_KVEC)) { \ const struct kvec *kvec; \ struct kvec v; \ iterate_kvec(i, n, v, kvec, skip, (K)) \ if (skip == kvec->iov_len) { \ kvec++; \ skip = 0; \ } \ i->nr_segs -= kvec - i->kvec; \ i->kvec = kvec; \ } else if (unlikely(i->type & ITER_DISCARD)) { \ skip += n; \ } else { \ const struct iovec *iov; \ struct iovec v; \ iterate_iovec(i, n, v, iov, skip, (I)) \ if (skip == iov->iov_len) { \ iov++; \ skip = 0; \ } \ i->nr_segs -= iov - i->iov; \ i->iov = iov; \ } \ i->count -= n; \ i->iov_offset = skip; \ } \ } static int copyout(void __user *to, const void *from, size_t n) { if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; if (access_ok(to, n)) { instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); n = raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } return n; } static int copyin(void *to, const void __user *from, size_t n) { if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; if (access_ok(from, n)) { instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); n = raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } return n; } static size_t copy_page_to_iter_iovec(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { size_t skip, copy, left, wanted; const struct iovec *iov; char __user *buf; void *kaddr, *from; if (unlikely(bytes > i->count)) bytes = i->count; if (unlikely(!bytes)) return 0; might_fault(); wanted = bytes; iov = i->iov; skip = i->iov_offset; buf = iov->iov_base + skip; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - skip); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !fault_in_pages_writeable(buf, copy)) { kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); from = kaddr + offset; /* first chunk, usually the only one */ left = copyout(buf, from, copy); copy -= left; skip += copy; from += copy; bytes -= copy; while (unlikely(!left && bytes)) { iov++; buf = iov->iov_base; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len); left = copyout(buf, from, copy); copy -= left; skip = copy; from += copy; bytes -= copy; } if (likely(!bytes)) { kunmap_atomic(kaddr); goto done; } offset = from - kaddr; buf += copy; kunmap_atomic(kaddr); copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - skip); } /* Too bad - revert to non-atomic kmap */ kaddr = kmap(page); from = kaddr + offset; left = copyout(buf, from, copy); copy -= left; skip += copy; from += copy; bytes -= copy; while (unlikely(!left && bytes)) { iov++; buf = iov->iov_base; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len); left = copyout(buf, from, copy); copy -= left; skip = copy; from += copy; bytes -= copy; } kunmap(page); done: if (skip == iov->iov_len) { iov++; skip = 0; } i->count -= wanted - bytes; i->nr_segs -= iov - i->iov; i->iov = iov; i->iov_offset = skip; return wanted - bytes; } static size_t copy_page_from_iter_iovec(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { size_t skip, copy, left, wanted; const struct iovec *iov; char __user *buf; void *kaddr, *to; if (unlikely(bytes > i->count)) bytes = i->count; if (unlikely(!bytes)) return 0; might_fault(); wanted = bytes; iov = i->iov; skip = i->iov_offset; buf = iov->iov_base + skip; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - skip); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !fault_in_pages_readable(buf, copy)) { kaddr = kmap_atomic(page); to = kaddr + offset; /* first chunk, usually the only one */ left = copyin(to, buf, copy); copy -= left; skip += copy; to += copy; bytes -= copy; while (unlikely(!left && bytes)) { iov++; buf = iov->iov_base; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len); left = copyin(to, buf, copy); copy -= left; skip = copy; to += copy; bytes -= copy; } if (likely(!bytes)) { kunmap_atomic(kaddr); goto done; } offset = to - kaddr; buf += copy; kunmap_atomic(kaddr); copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - skip); } /* Too bad - revert to non-atomic kmap */ kaddr = kmap(page); to = kaddr + offset; left = copyin(to, buf, copy); copy -= left; skip += copy; to += copy; bytes -= copy; while (unlikely(!left && bytes)) { iov++; buf = iov->iov_base; copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len); left = copyin(to, buf, copy); copy -= left; skip = copy; to += copy; bytes -= copy; } kunmap(page); done: if (skip == iov->iov_len) { iov++; skip = 0; } i->count -= wanted - bytes; i->nr_segs -= iov - i->iov; i->iov = iov; i->iov_offset = skip; return wanted - bytes; } #ifdef PIPE_PARANOIA static bool sanity(const struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; unsigned int p_head = pipe->head; unsigned int p_tail = pipe->tail; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int p_occupancy = pipe_occupancy(p_head, p_tail); unsigned int i_head = i->head; unsigned int idx; if (i->iov_offset) { struct pipe_buffer *p; if (unlikely(p_occupancy == 0)) goto Bad; // pipe must be non-empty if (unlikely(i_head != p_head - 1)) goto Bad; // must be at the last buffer... p = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; if (unlikely(p->offset + p->len != i->iov_offset)) goto Bad; // ... at the end of segment } else { if (i_head != p_head) goto Bad; // must be right after the last buffer } return true; Bad: printk(KERN_ERR "idx = %d, offset = %zd\n", i_head, i->iov_offset); printk(KERN_ERR "head = %d, tail = %d, buffers = %d\n", p_head, p_tail, pipe->ring_size); for (idx = 0; idx < pipe->ring_size; idx++) printk(KERN_ERR "[%p %p %d %d]\n", pipe->bufs[idx].ops, pipe->bufs[idx].page, pipe->bufs[idx].offset, pipe->bufs[idx].len); WARN_ON(1); return false; } #else #define sanity(i) true #endif static size_t copy_page_to_iter_pipe(struct page *page, size_t offset, size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i) { struct pipe_inode_info *pipe = i->pipe; struct pipe_buffer *buf; unsigned int p_tail = pipe->tail; unsigned int p_mask = pipe->ring_size - 1; unsigned int i_head = i->head; size_t off; if (unlikely(bytes > i->count)) bytes = i->count; if (unlikely(!bytes)) return 0; if (!sanity(i)) return 0; off = i->iov_offset; buf = &pipe->bufs[i_head & p_mask]; if (off) { if (offset == off && buf->page == page) { /* merge with the last one */ buf->len += bytes;