1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* -*- mode: c; c-basic-offset:8; -*- * vim: noexpandtab sw=8 ts=8 sts=0: * * configfs_internal.h - Internal stuff for configfs * * Based on sysfs: * sysfs is Copyright (C) 2001, 2002, 2003 Patrick Mochel * * configfs Copyright (C) 2005 Oracle. All rights reserved. */ #ifdef pr_fmt #undef pr_fmt #endif #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> struct configfs_fragment { atomic_t frag_count; struct rw_semaphore frag_sem; bool frag_dead; }; void put_fragment(struct configfs_fragment *); struct configfs_fragment *get_fragment(struct configfs_fragment *); struct configfs_dirent { atomic_t s_count; int s_dependent_count; struct list_head s_sibling; struct list_head s_children; int s_links; void * s_element; int s_type; umode_t s_mode; struct dentry * s_dentry; struct iattr * s_iattr; #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP int s_depth; #endif struct configfs_fragment *s_frag; }; #define CONFIGFS_ROOT 0x0001 #define CONFIGFS_DIR 0x0002 #define CONFIGFS_ITEM_ATTR 0x0004 #define CONFIGFS_ITEM_BIN_ATTR 0x0008 #define CONFIGFS_ITEM_LINK 0x0020 #define CONFIGFS_USET_DIR 0x0040 #define CONFIGFS_USET_DEFAULT 0x0080 #define CONFIGFS_USET_DROPPING 0x0100 #define CONFIGFS_USET_IN_MKDIR 0x0200 #define CONFIGFS_USET_CREATING 0x0400 #define CONFIGFS_NOT_PINNED (CONFIGFS_ITEM_ATTR | CONFIGFS_ITEM_BIN_ATTR) extern struct mutex configfs_symlink_mutex; extern spinlock_t configfs_dirent_lock; extern struct kmem_cache *configfs_dir_cachep; extern int configfs_is_root(struct config_item *item); extern struct inode * configfs_new_inode(umode_t mode, struct configfs_dirent *, struct super_block *); extern struct inode *configfs_create(struct dentry *, umode_t mode); extern int configfs_create_file(struct config_item *, const struct configfs_attribute *); extern int configfs_create_bin_file(struct config_item *, const struct configfs_bin_attribute *); extern int configfs_make_dirent(struct configfs_dirent *, struct dentry *, void *, umode_t, int, struct configfs_fragment *); extern int configfs_dirent_is_ready(struct configfs_dirent *); extern void configfs_hash_and_remove(struct dentry * dir, const char * name); extern const unsigned char * configfs_get_name(struct configfs_dirent *sd); extern void configfs_drop_dentry(struct configfs_dirent *sd, struct dentry *parent); extern int configfs_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *iattr); extern struct dentry *configfs_pin_fs(void); extern void configfs_release_fs(void); extern const struct file_operations configfs_dir_operations; extern const struct file_operations configfs_file_operations; extern const struct file_operations configfs_bin_file_operations; extern const struct inode_operations configfs_dir_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations configfs_root_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations configfs_symlink_inode_operations; extern const struct dentry_operations configfs_dentry_ops; extern int configfs_symlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, const char *symname); extern int configfs_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry); int configfs_create_link(struct configfs_dirent *target, struct dentry *parent, struct dentry *dentry, char *body); static inline struct config_item * to_item(struct dentry * dentry) { struct configfs_dirent * sd = dentry->d_fsdata; return ((struct config_item *) sd->s_element); } static inline struct configfs_attribute * to_attr(struct dentry * dentry) { struct configfs_dirent * sd = dentry->d_fsdata; return ((struct configfs_attribute *) sd->s_element); } static inline struct configfs_bin_attribute *to_bin_attr(struct dentry *dentry) { struct configfs_attribute *attr = to_attr(dentry); return container_of(attr, struct configfs_bin_attribute, cb_attr); } static inline struct config_item *configfs_get_config_item(struct dentry *dentry) { struct config_item * item = NULL; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (!d_unhashed(dentry)) { struct configfs_dirent * sd = dentry->d_fsdata; item = config_item_get(sd->s_element); } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return item; } static inline void release_configfs_dirent(struct configfs_dirent * sd) { if (!(sd->s_type & CONFIGFS_ROOT)) { kfree(sd->s_iattr); put_fragment(sd->s_frag); kmem_cache_free(configfs_dir_cachep, sd); } } static inline struct configfs_dirent * configfs_get(struct configfs_dirent * sd) { if (sd) { WARN_ON(!atomic_read(&sd->s_count)); atomic_inc(&sd->s_count); } return sd; } static inline void configfs_put(struct configfs_dirent * sd) { WARN_ON(!atomic_read(&sd->s_count)); if (atomic_dec_and_test(&sd->s_count)) release_configfs_dirent(sd); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_DCACHE_H #define __LINUX_DCACHE_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/rculist_bl.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/lockref.h> #include <linux/stringhash.h> #include <linux/wait.h> struct path; struct vfsmount; /* * linux/include/linux/dcache.h * * Dirent cache data structures * * (C) Copyright 1997 Thomas Schoebel-Theuer, * with heavy changes by Linus Torvalds */ #define IS_ROOT(x) ((x) == (x)->d_parent) /* The hash is always the low bits of hash_len */ #ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN #define HASH_LEN_DECLARE u32 hash; u32 len #define bytemask_from_count(cnt) (~(~0ul << (cnt)*8)) #else #define HASH_LEN_DECLARE u32 len; u32 hash #define bytemask_from_count(cnt) (~(~0ul >> (cnt)*8)) #endif /* * "quick string" -- eases parameter passing, but more importantly * saves "metadata" about the string (ie length and the hash). * * hash comes first so it snuggles against d_parent in the * dentry. */ struct qstr { union { struct { HASH_LEN_DECLARE; }; u64 hash_len; }; const unsigned char *name; }; #define QSTR_INIT(n,l) { { { .len = l } }, .name = n } extern const struct qstr empty_name; extern const struct qstr slash_name; struct dentry_stat_t { long nr_dentry; long nr_unused; long age_limit; /* age in seconds */ long want_pages; /* pages requested by system */ long nr_negative; /* # of unused negative dentries */ long dummy; /* Reserved for future use */ }; extern struct dentry_stat_t dentry_stat; /* * Try to keep struct dentry aligned on 64 byte cachelines (this will * give reasonable cacheline footprint with larger lines without the * large memory footprint increase). */ #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT # define DNAME_INLINE_LEN 32 /* 192 bytes */ #else # ifdef CONFIG_SMP # define DNAME_INLINE_LEN 36 /* 128 bytes */ # else # define DNAME_INLINE_LEN 40 /* 128 bytes */ # endif #endif #define d_lock d_lockref.lock struct dentry { /* RCU lookup touched fields */ unsigned int d_flags; /* protected by d_lock */ seqcount_spinlock_t d_seq; /* per dentry seqlock */ struct hlist_bl_node d_hash; /* lookup hash list */ struct dentry *d_parent; /* parent directory */ struct qstr d_name; struct inode *d_inode; /* Where the name belongs to - NULL is * negative */ unsigned char d_iname[DNAME_INLINE_LEN]; /* small names */ /* Ref lookup also touches following */ struct lockref d_lockref; /* per-dentry lock and refcount */ const struct dentry_operations *d_op; struct super_block *d_sb; /* The root of the dentry tree */ unsigned long d_time; /* used by d_revalidate */ void *d_fsdata; /* fs-specific data */ union { struct list_head d_lru; /* LRU list */ wait_queue_head_t *d_wait; /* in-lookup ones only */ }; struct list_head d_child; /* child of parent list */ struct list_head d_subdirs; /* our children */ /* * d_alias and d_rcu can share memory */ union { struct hlist_node d_alias; /* inode alias list */ struct hlist_bl_node d_in_lookup_hash; /* only for in-lookup ones */ struct rcu_head d_rcu; } d_u; } __randomize_layout; /* * dentry->d_lock spinlock nesting subclasses: * * 0: normal * 1: nested */ enum dentry_d_lock_class { DENTRY_D_LOCK_NORMAL, /* implicitly used by plain spin_lock() APIs. */ DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED }; struct dentry_operations { int (*d_revalidate)(struct dentry *, unsigned int); int (*d_weak_revalidate)(struct dentry *, unsigned int); int (*d_hash)(const struct dentry *, struct qstr *); int (*d_compare)(const struct dentry *, unsigned int, const char *, const struct qstr *); int (*d_delete)(const struct dentry *); int (*d_init)(struct dentry *); void (*d_release)(struct dentry *); void (*d_prune)(struct dentry *); void (*d_iput)(struct dentry *, struct inode *); char *(*d_dname)(struct dentry *, char *, int); struct vfsmount *(*d_automount)(struct path *); int (*d_manage)(const struct path *, bool); struct dentry *(*d_real)(struct dentry *, const struct inode *); } ____cacheline_aligned; /* * Locking rules for dentry_operations callbacks are to be found in * Documentation/filesystems/locking.rst. Keep it updated! * * FUrther descriptions are found in Documentation/filesystems/vfs.rst. * Keep it updated too! */ /* d_flags entries */ #define DCACHE_OP_HASH 0x00000001 #define DCACHE_OP_COMPARE 0x00000002 #define DCACHE_OP_REVALIDATE 0x00000004 #define DCACHE_OP_DELETE 0x00000008 #define DCACHE_OP_PRUNE 0x00000010 #define DCACHE_DISCONNECTED 0x00000020 /* This dentry is possibly not currently connected to the dcache tree, in * which case its parent will either be itself, or will have this flag as * well. nfsd will not use a dentry with this bit set, but will first * endeavour to clear the bit either by discovering that it is connected, * or by performing lookup operations. Any filesystem which supports * nfsd_operations MUST have a lookup function which, if it finds a * directory inode with a DCACHE_DISCONNECTED dentry, will d_move that * dentry into place and return that dentry rather than the passed one, * typically using d_splice_alias. */ #define DCACHE_REFERENCED 0x00000040 /* Recently used, don't discard. */ #define DCACHE_DONTCACHE 0x00000080 /* Purge from memory on final dput() */ #define DCACHE_CANT_MOUNT 0x00000100 #define DCACHE_GENOCIDE 0x00000200 #define DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST 0x00000400 #define DCACHE_OP_WEAK_REVALIDATE 0x00000800 #define DCACHE_NFSFS_RENAMED 0x00001000 /* this dentry has been "silly renamed" and has to be deleted on the last * dput() */ #define DCACHE_COOKIE 0x00002000 /* For use by dcookie subsystem */ #define DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED 0x00004000 /* Parent inode is watched by some fsnotify listener */ #define DCACHE_DENTRY_KILLED 0x00008000 #define DCACHE_MOUNTED 0x00010000 /* is a mountpoint */ #define DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT 0x00020000 /* handle automount on this dir */ #define DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT 0x00040000 /* manage transit from this dirent */ #define DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY \ (DCACHE_MOUNTED|DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT|DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT) #define DCACHE_LRU_LIST 0x00080000 #define DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE 0x00700000 #define DCACHE_MISS_TYPE 0x00000000 /* Negative dentry (maybe fallthru to nowhere) */ #define DCACHE_WHITEOUT_TYPE 0x00100000 /* Whiteout dentry (stop pathwalk) */ #define DCACHE_DIRECTORY_TYPE 0x00200000 /* Normal directory */ #define DCACHE_AUTODIR_TYPE 0x00300000 /* Lookupless directory (presumed automount) */ #define DCACHE_REGULAR_TYPE 0x00400000 /* Regular file type (or fallthru to such) */ #define DCACHE_SPECIAL_TYPE 0x00500000 /* Other file type (or fallthru to such) */ #define DCACHE_SYMLINK_TYPE 0x00600000 /* Symlink (or fallthru to such) */ #define DCACHE_MAY_FREE 0x00800000 #define DCACHE_FALLTHRU 0x01000000 /* Fall through to lower layer */ #define DCACHE_NOKEY_NAME 0x02000000 /* Encrypted name encoded without key */ #define DCACHE_OP_REAL 0x04000000 #define DCACHE_PAR_LOOKUP 0x10000000 /* being looked up (with parent locked shared) */ #define DCACHE_DENTRY_CURSOR 0x20000000 #define DCACHE_NORCU 0x40000000 /* No RCU delay for freeing */ extern seqlock_t rename_lock; /* * These are the low-level FS interfaces to the dcache.. */ extern void d_instantiate(struct dentry *, struct inode *); extern void d_instantiate_new(struct dentry *, struct inode *); extern struct dentry * d_instantiate_unique(struct dentry *, struct inode *); extern struct dentry * d_instantiate_anon(struct dentry *, struct inode *); extern void __d_drop(struct dentry *dentry); extern void d_drop(struct dentry *dentry); extern void d_delete(struct dentry *); extern void d_set_d_op(struct dentry *dentry, const struct dentry_operations *op); /* allocate/de-allocate */ extern struct dentry * d_alloc(struct dentry *, const struct qstr *); extern struct dentry * d_alloc_anon(struct super_block *); extern struct dentry * d_alloc_parallel(struct dentry *, const struct qstr *, wait_queue_head_t *); extern struct dentry * d_splice_alias(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern struct dentry * d_add_ci(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct qstr *); extern struct dentry * d_exact_alias(struct dentry *, struct inode *); extern struct dentry *d_find_any_alias(struct inode *inode); extern struct dentry * d_obtain_alias(struct inode *); extern struct dentry * d_obtain_root(struct inode *); extern void shrink_dcache_sb(struct super_block *); extern void shrink_dcache_parent(struct dentry *); extern void shrink_dcache_for_umount(struct super_block *); extern void d_invalidate(struct dentry *); /* only used at mount-time */ extern struct dentry * d_make_root(struct inode *); /* <clickety>-<click> the ramfs-type tree */ extern void d_genocide(struct dentry *); extern void d_tmpfile(struct dentry *, struct inode *); extern struct dentry *d_find_alias(struct inode *); extern void d_prune_aliases(struct inode *); /* test whether we have any submounts in a subdir tree */ extern int path_has_submounts(const struct path *); /* * This adds the entry to the hash queues. */ extern void d_rehash(struct dentry *); extern void d_add(struct dentry *, struct inode *); /* used for rename() and baskets */ extern void d_move(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern void d_exchange(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern struct dentry *d_ancestor(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); /* appendix may either be NULL or be used for transname suffixes */ extern struct dentry *d_lookup(const struct dentry *, const struct qstr *); extern struct dentry *d_hash_and_lookup(struct dentry *, struct qstr *); extern struct dentry *__d_lookup(const struct dentry *, const struct qstr *); extern struct dentry *__d_lookup_rcu(const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name, unsigned *seq); static inline unsigned d_count(const struct dentry *dentry) { return dentry->d_lockref.count; } /* * helper function for dentry_operations.d_dname() members */ extern __printf(4, 5) char *dynamic_dname(struct dentry *, char *, int, const char *, ...); extern char *__d_path(const struct path *, const struct path *, char *, int); extern char *d_absolute_path(const struct path *, char *, int); extern char *d_path(const struct path *, char *, int); extern char *dentry_path_raw(struct dentry *, char *, int); extern char *dentry_path(struct dentry *, char *, int); /* Allocation counts.. */ /** * dget, dget_dlock - get a reference to a dentry * @dentry: dentry to get a reference to * * Given a dentry or %NULL pointer increment the reference count * if appropriate and return the dentry. A dentry will not be * destroyed when it has references. */ static inline struct dentry *dget_dlock(struct dentry *dentry) { if (dentry) dentry->d_lockref.count++; return dentry; } static inline struct dentry *dget(struct dentry *dentry) { if (dentry) lockref_get(&dentry->d_lockref); return dentry; } extern struct dentry *dget_parent(struct dentry *dentry); /** * d_unhashed - is dentry hashed * @dentry: entry to check * * Returns true if the dentry passed is not currently hashed. */ static inline int d_unhashed(const struct dentry *dentry) { return hlist_bl_unhashed(&dentry->d_hash); } static inline int d_unlinked(const struct dentry *dentry) { return d_unhashed(dentry) && !IS_ROOT(dentry); } static inline int cant_mount(const struct dentry *dentry) { return (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_CANT_MOUNT); } static inline void dont_mount(struct dentry *dentry) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_CANT_MOUNT; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } extern void __d_lookup_done(struct dentry *); static inline int d_in_lookup(const struct dentry *dentry) { return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_PAR_LOOKUP; } static inline void d_lookup_done(struct dentry *dentry) { if (unlikely(d_in_lookup(dentry))) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); __d_lookup_done(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } } extern void dput(struct dentry *); static inline bool d_managed(const struct dentry *dentry) { return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_MANAGED_DENTRY; } static inline bool d_mountpoint(const struct dentry *dentry) { return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_MOUNTED; } /* * Directory cache entry type accessor functions. */ static inline unsigned __d_entry_type(const struct dentry *dentry) { return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE; } static inline bool d_is_miss(const struct dentry *dentry) { return __d_entry_type(dentry) == DCACHE_MISS_TYPE; } static inline bool d_is_whiteout(const struct dentry *dentry) { return __d_entry_type(dentry) == DCACHE_WHITEOUT_TYPE; } static inline bool d_can_lookup(const struct dentry *dentry) { return __d_entry_type(dentry) == DCACHE_DIRECTORY_TYPE; } static inline bool d_is_autodir(const struct dentry *dentry) { return __d_entry_type(dentry) == DCACHE_AUTODIR_TYPE; } static inline bool d_is_dir(const struct dentry *dentry) { return d_can_lookup(dentry) || d_is_autodir(dentry); } static inline bool d_is_symlink(const struct dentry *dentry) { return __d_entry_type(dentry) == DCACHE_SYMLINK_TYPE; } static inline bool d_is_reg(const struct dentry *dentry) { return __d_entry_type(dentry) == DCACHE_REGULAR_TYPE; } static inline bool d_is_special(const struct dentry *dentry) { return __d_entry_type(dentry) == DCACHE_SPECIAL_TYPE; } static inline bool d_is_file(const struct dentry *dentry) { return d_is_reg(dentry) || d_is_special(dentry); } static inline bool d_is_negative(const struct dentry *dentry) { // TODO: check d_is_whiteout(dentry) also. return d_is_miss(dentry); } static inline bool d_flags_negative(unsigned flags) { return (flags & DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE) == DCACHE_MISS_TYPE; } static inline bool d_is_positive(const struct dentry *dentry) { return !d_is_negative(dentry); } /** * d_really_is_negative - Determine if a dentry is really negative (ignoring fallthroughs) * @dentry: The dentry in question * * Returns true if the dentry represents either an absent name or a name that * doesn't map to an inode (ie. ->d_inode is NULL). The dentry could represent * a true miss, a whiteout that isn't represented by a 0,0 chardev or a * fallthrough marker in an opaque directory. * * Note! (1) This should be used *only* by a filesystem to examine its own * dentries. It should not be used to look at some other filesystem's * dentries. (2) It should also be used in combination with d_inode() to get * the inode. (3) The dentry may have something attached to ->d_lower and the * type field of the flags may be set to something other than miss or whiteout. */ static inline bool d_really_is_negative(const struct dentry *dentry) { return dentry->d_inode == NULL; } /** * d_really_is_positive - Determine if a dentry is really positive (ignoring fallthroughs) * @dentry: The dentry in question * * Returns true if the dentry represents a name that maps to an inode * (ie. ->d_inode is not NULL). The dentry might still represent a whiteout if * that is represented on medium as a 0,0 chardev. * * Note! (1) This should be used *only* by a filesystem to examine its own * dentries. It should not be used to look at some other filesystem's * dentries. (2) It should also be used in combination with d_inode() to get * the inode. */ static inline bool d_really_is_positive(const struct dentry *dentry) { return dentry->d_inode != NULL; } static inline int simple_positive(const struct dentry *dentry) { return d_really_is_positive(dentry) && !d_unhashed(dentry); } extern void d_set_fallthru(struct dentry *dentry); static inline bool d_is_fallthru(const struct dentry *dentry) { return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_FALLTHRU; } extern int sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure; static inline unsigned long vfs_pressure_ratio(unsigned long val) { return mult_frac(val, sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure, 100); } /** * d_inode - Get the actual inode of this dentry * @dentry: The dentry to query * * This is the helper normal filesystems should use to get at their own inodes * in their own dentries and ignore the layering superimposed upon them. */ static inline struct inode *d_inode(const struct dentry *dentry) { return dentry->d_inode; } /** * d_inode_rcu - Get the actual inode of this dentry with READ_ONCE() * @dentry: The dentry to query * * This is the helper normal filesystems should use to get at their own inodes * in their own dentries and ignore the layering superimposed upon them. */ static inline struct inode *d_inode_rcu(const struct dentry *dentry) { return READ_ONCE(dentry->d_inode); } /** * d_backing_inode - Get upper or lower inode we should be using * @upper: The upper layer * * This is the helper that should be used to get at the inode that will be used * if this dentry were to be opened as a file. The inode may be on the upper * dentry or it may be on a lower dentry pinned by the upper. * * Normal filesystems should not use this to access their own inodes. */ static inline struct inode *d_backing_inode(const struct dentry *upper) { struct inode *inode = upper->d_inode; return inode; } /** * d_backing_dentry - Get upper or lower dentry we should be using * @upper: The upper layer * * This is the helper that should be used to get the dentry of the inode that * will be used if this dentry were opened as a file. It may be the upper * dentry or it may be a lower dentry pinned by the upper. * * Normal filesystems should not use this to access their own dentries. */ static inline struct dentry *d_backing_dentry(struct dentry *upper) { return upper; } /** * d_real - Return the real dentry * @dentry: the dentry to query * @inode: inode to select the dentry from multiple layers (can be NULL) * * If dentry is on a union/overlay, then return the underlying, real dentry. * Otherwise return the dentry itself. * * See also: Documentation/filesystems/vfs.rst */ static inline struct dentry *d_real(struct dentry *dentry, const struct inode *inode) { if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_REAL)) return dentry->d_op->d_real(dentry, inode); else return dentry; } /** * d_real_inode - Return the real inode * @dentry: The dentry to query * * If dentry is on a union/overlay, then return the underlying, real inode. * Otherwise return d_inode(). */ static inline struct inode *d_real_inode(const struct dentry *dentry) { /* This usage of d_real() results in const dentry */ return d_backing_inode(d_real((struct dentry *) dentry, NULL)); } struct name_snapshot { struct qstr name; unsigned char inline_name[DNAME_INLINE_LEN]; }; void take_dentry_name_snapshot(struct name_snapshot *, struct dentry *); void release_dentry_name_snapshot(struct name_snapshot *); #endif /* __LINUX_DCACHE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_ICMPV6_H #define _LINUX_ICMPV6_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <uapi/linux/icmpv6.h> static inline struct icmp6hdr *icmp6_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct icmp6hdr *)skb_transport_header(skb); } #include <linux/netdevice.h> #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) typedef void ip6_icmp_send_t(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info, const struct in6_addr *force_saddr, const struct inet6_skb_parm *parm); void icmp6_send(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info, const struct in6_addr *force_saddr, const struct inet6_skb_parm *parm); #if IS_BUILTIN(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline void __icmpv6_send(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info, const struct inet6_skb_parm *parm) { icmp6_send(skb, type, code, info, NULL, parm); } static inline int inet6_register_icmp_sender(ip6_icmp_send_t *fn) { BUILD_BUG_ON(fn != icmp6_send); return 0; } static inline int inet6_unregister_icmp_sender(ip6_icmp_send_t *fn) { BUILD_BUG_ON(fn != icmp6_send); return 0; } #else extern void __icmpv6_send(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info, const struct inet6_skb_parm *parm); extern int inet6_register_icmp_sender(ip6_icmp_send_t *fn); extern int inet6_unregister_icmp_sender(ip6_icmp_send_t *fn); #endif static inline void icmpv6_send(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info) { __icmpv6_send(skb, type, code, info, IP6CB(skb)); } int ip6_err_gen_icmpv6_unreach(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhs, int type, unsigned int data_len); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) void icmpv6_ndo_send(struct sk_buff *skb_in, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info); #else static inline void icmpv6_ndo_send(struct sk_buff *skb_in, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info) { struct inet6_skb_parm parm = { 0 }; __icmpv6_send(skb_in, type, code, info, &parm); } #endif #else static inline void icmpv6_send(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info) { } static inline void icmpv6_ndo_send(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 type, u8 code, __u32 info) { } #endif extern int icmpv6_init(void); extern int icmpv6_err_convert(u8 type, u8 code, int *err); extern void icmpv6_cleanup(void); extern void icmpv6_param_prob(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 code, int pos); struct flowi6; struct in6_addr; extern void icmpv6_flow_init(struct sock *sk, struct flowi6 *fl6, u8 type, const struct in6_addr *saddr, const struct in6_addr *daddr, int oif); static inline bool icmpv6_is_err(int type) { switch (type) { case ICMPV6_DEST_UNREACH: case ICMPV6_PKT_TOOBIG: case ICMPV6_TIME_EXCEED: case ICMPV6_PARAMPROB: return true; } return false; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_TRACE_EVENT_H #define _LINUX_TRACE_EVENT_H #include <linux/ring_buffer.h> #include <linux/trace_seq.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> struct trace_array; struct array_buffer; struct tracer; struct dentry; struct bpf_prog; const char *trace_print_flags_seq(struct trace_seq *p, const char *delim, unsigned long flags, const struct trace_print_flags *flag_array); const char *trace_print_symbols_seq(struct trace_seq *p, unsigned long val, const struct trace_print_flags *symbol_array); #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 const char *trace_print_flags_seq_u64(struct trace_seq *p, const char *delim, unsigned long long flags, const struct trace_print_flags_u64 *flag_array); const char *trace_print_symbols_seq_u64(struct trace_seq *p, unsigned long long val, const struct trace_print_flags_u64 *symbol_array); #endif const char *trace_print_bitmask_seq(struct trace_seq *p, void *bitmask_ptr, unsigned int bitmask_size); const char *trace_print_hex_seq(struct trace_seq *p, const unsigned char *buf, int len, bool concatenate); const char *trace_print_array_seq(struct trace_seq *p, const void *buf, int count, size_t el_size); const char * trace_print_hex_dump_seq(struct trace_seq *p, const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii); struct trace_iterator; struct trace_event; int trace_raw_output_prep(struct trace_iterator *iter, struct trace_event *event); /* * The trace entry - the most basic unit of tracing. This is what * is printed in the end as a single line in the trace output, such as: * * bash-15816 [01] 235.197585: idle_cpu <- irq_enter */ struct trace_entry { unsigned short type; unsigned char flags; unsigned char preempt_count; int pid; }; #define TRACE_EVENT_TYPE_MAX \ ((1 << (sizeof(((struct trace_entry *)0)->type) * 8)) - 1) /* * Trace iterator - used by printout routines who present trace * results to users and which routines might sleep, etc: */ struct trace_iterator { struct trace_array *tr; struct tracer *trace; struct array_buffer *array_buffer; void *private; int cpu_file; struct mutex mutex; struct ring_buffer_iter **buffer_iter; unsigned long iter_flags; void *temp; /* temp holder */ unsigned int temp_size; /* trace_seq for __print_flags() and __print_symbolic() etc. */ struct trace_seq tmp_seq; cpumask_var_t started; /* it's true when current open file is snapshot */ bool snapshot; /* The below is zeroed out in pipe_read */ struct trace_seq seq; struct trace_entry *ent; unsigned long lost_events; int leftover; int ent_size; int cpu; u64 ts; loff_t pos; long idx; /* All new field here will be zeroed out in pipe_read */ }; enum trace_iter_flags { TRACE_FILE_LAT_FMT = 1, TRACE_FILE_ANNOTATE = 2, TRACE_FILE_TIME_IN_NS = 4, }; typedef enum print_line_t (*trace_print_func)(struct trace_iterator *iter, int flags, struct trace_event *event); struct trace_event_functions { trace_print_func trace; trace_print_func raw; trace_print_func hex; trace_print_func binary; }; struct trace_event { struct hlist_node node; struct list_head list; int type; struct trace_event_functions *funcs; }; extern int register_trace_event(struct trace_event *event); extern int unregister_trace_event(struct trace_event *event); /* Return values for print_line callback */ enum print_line_t { TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE = 0, /* Retry after flushing the seq */ TRACE_TYPE_HANDLED = 1, TRACE_TYPE_UNHANDLED = 2, /* Relay to other output functions */ TRACE_TYPE_NO_CONSUME = 3 /* Handled but ask to not consume */ }; enum print_line_t trace_handle_return(struct trace_seq *s); void tracing_generic_entry_update(struct trace_entry *entry, unsigned short type, unsigned long flags, int pc); struct trace_event_file; struct ring_buffer_event * trace_event_buffer_lock_reserve(struct trace_buffer **current_buffer, struct trace_event_file *trace_file, int type, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, int pc); #define TRACE_RECORD_CMDLINE BIT(0) #define TRACE_RECORD_TGID BIT(1) void tracing_record_taskinfo(struct task_struct *task, int flags); void tracing_record_taskinfo_sched_switch(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next, int flags); void tracing_record_cmdline(struct task_struct *task); void tracing_record_tgid(struct task_struct *task); int trace_output_call(struct trace_iterator *iter, char *name, char *fmt, ...); struct event_filter; enum trace_reg { TRACE_REG_REGISTER, TRACE_REG_UNREGISTER, #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS TRACE_REG_PERF_REGISTER, TRACE_REG_PERF_UNREGISTER, TRACE_REG_PERF_OPEN, TRACE_REG_PERF_CLOSE, /* * These (ADD/DEL) use a 'boolean' return value, where 1 (true) means a * custom action was taken and the default action is not to be * performed. */ TRACE_REG_PERF_ADD, TRACE_REG_PERF_DEL, #endif }; struct trace_event_call; #define TRACE_FUNCTION_TYPE ((const char *)~0UL) struct trace_event_fields { const char *type; union { struct { const char *name; const int size; const int align; const int is_signed; const int filter_type; }; int (*define_fields)(struct trace_event_call *); }; }; struct trace_event_class { const char *system; void *probe; #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS void *perf_probe; #endif int (*reg)(struct trace_event_call *event, enum trace_reg type, void *data); struct trace_event_fields *fields_array; struct list_head *(*get_fields)(struct trace_event_call *); struct list_head fields; int (*raw_init)(struct trace_event_call *); }; extern int trace_event_reg(struct trace_event_call *event, enum trace_reg type, void *data); struct trace_event_buffer { struct trace_buffer *buffer; struct ring_buffer_event *event; struct trace_event_file *trace_file; void *entry; unsigned long flags; int pc; struct pt_regs *regs; }; void *trace_event_buffer_reserve(struct trace_event_buffer *fbuffer, struct trace_event_file *trace_file, unsigned long len); void trace_event_buffer_commit(struct trace_event_buffer *fbuffer); enum { TRACE_EVENT_FL_FILTERED_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_CAP_ANY_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_NO_SET_FILTER_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_IGNORE_ENABLE_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_TRACEPOINT_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_KPROBE_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_UPROBE_BIT, }; /* * Event flags: * FILTERED - The event has a filter attached * CAP_ANY - Any user can enable for perf * NO_SET_FILTER - Set when filter has error and is to be ignored * IGNORE_ENABLE - For trace internal events, do not enable with debugfs file * TRACEPOINT - Event is a tracepoint * KPROBE - Event is a kprobe * UPROBE - Event is a uprobe */ enum { TRACE_EVENT_FL_FILTERED = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_FILTERED_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_CAP_ANY = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_CAP_ANY_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_NO_SET_FILTER = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_NO_SET_FILTER_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_IGNORE_ENABLE = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_IGNORE_ENABLE_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_TRACEPOINT = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_TRACEPOINT_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_KPROBE = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_KPROBE_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_UPROBE = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_UPROBE_BIT), }; #define TRACE_EVENT_FL_UKPROBE (TRACE_EVENT_FL_KPROBE | TRACE_EVENT_FL_UPROBE) struct trace_event_call { struct list_head list; struct trace_event_class *class; union { char *name; /* Set TRACE_EVENT_FL_TRACEPOINT flag when using "tp" */ struct tracepoint *tp; }; struct trace_event event; char *print_fmt; struct event_filter *filter; void *mod; void *data; /* * bit 0: filter_active * bit 1: allow trace by non root (cap any) * bit 2: failed to apply filter * bit 3: trace internal event (do not enable) * bit 4: Event was enabled by module * bit 5: use call filter rather than file filter * bit 6: Event is a tracepoint */ int flags; /* static flags of different events */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS int perf_refcount; struct hlist_head __percpu *perf_events; struct bpf_prog_array __rcu *prog_array; int (*perf_perm)(struct trace_event_call *, struct perf_event *); #endif }; #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS static inline bool bpf_prog_array_valid(struct trace_event_call *call) { /* * This inline function checks whether call->prog_array * is valid or not. The function is called in various places, * outside rcu_read_lock/unlock, as a heuristic to speed up execution. * * If this function returns true, and later call->prog_array * becomes false inside rcu_read_lock/unlock region, * we bail out then. If this function return false, * there is a risk that we might miss a few events if the checking * were delayed until inside rcu_read_lock/unlock region and * call->prog_array happened to become non-NULL then. * * Here, READ_ONCE() is used instead of rcu_access_pointer(). * rcu_access_pointer() requires the actual definition of * "struct bpf_prog_array" while READ_ONCE() only needs * a declaration of the same type. */ return !!READ_ONCE(call->prog_array); } #endif static inline const char * trace_event_name(struct trace_event_call *call) { if (call->flags & TRACE_EVENT_FL_TRACEPOINT) return call->tp ? call->tp->name : NULL; else return call->name; } static inline struct list_head * trace_get_fields(struct trace_event_call *event_call) { if (!event_call->class->get_fields) return &event_call->class->fields; return event_call->class->get_fields(event_call); } struct trace_array; struct trace_subsystem_dir; enum { EVENT_FILE_FL_ENABLED_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_CMD_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_TGID_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_FILTERED_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_NO_SET_FILTER_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_MODE_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_MODE_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_COND_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_PID_FILTER_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_WAS_ENABLED_BIT, }; extern struct trace_event_file *trace_get_event_file(const char *instance, const char *system, const char *event); extern void trace_put_event_file(struct trace_event_file *file); #define MAX_DYNEVENT_CMD_LEN (2048) enum dynevent_type { DYNEVENT_TYPE_SYNTH = 1, DYNEVENT_TYPE_KPROBE, DYNEVENT_TYPE_NONE, }; struct dynevent_cmd; typedef int (*dynevent_create_fn_t)(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd); struct dynevent_cmd { struct seq_buf seq; const char *event_name; unsigned int n_fields; enum dynevent_type type; dynevent_create_fn_t run_command; void *private_data; }; extern int dynevent_create(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd); extern int synth_event_delete(const char *name); extern void synth_event_cmd_init(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, char *buf, int maxlen); extern int __synth_event_gen_cmd_start(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *name, struct module *mod, ...); #define synth_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, name, mod, ...) \ __synth_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, name, mod, ## __VA_ARGS__, NULL) struct synth_field_desc { const char *type; const char *name; }; extern int synth_event_gen_cmd_array_start(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *name, struct module *mod, struct synth_field_desc *fields, unsigned int n_fields); extern int synth_event_create(const char *name, struct synth_field_desc *fields, unsigned int n_fields, struct module *mod); extern int synth_event_add_field(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *type, const char *name); extern int synth_event_add_field_str(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *type_name); extern int synth_event_add_fields(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, struct synth_field_desc *fields, unsigned int n_fields); #define synth_event_gen_cmd_end(cmd) \ dynevent_create(cmd) struct synth_event; struct synth_event_trace_state { struct trace_event_buffer fbuffer; struct synth_trace_event *entry; struct trace_buffer *buffer; struct synth_event *event; unsigned int cur_field; unsigned int n_u64; bool disabled; bool add_next; bool add_name; }; extern int synth_event_trace(struct trace_event_file *file, unsigned int n_vals, ...); extern int synth_event_trace_array(struct trace_event_file *file, u64 *vals, unsigned int n_vals); extern int synth_event_trace_start(struct trace_event_file *file, struct synth_event_trace_state *trace_state); extern int synth_event_add_next_val(u64 val, struct synth_event_trace_state *trace_state); extern int synth_event_add_val(const char *field_name, u64 val, struct synth_event_trace_state *trace_state); extern int synth_event_trace_end(struct synth_event_trace_state *trace_state); extern int kprobe_event_delete(const char *name); extern void kprobe_event_cmd_init(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, char *buf, int maxlen); #define kprobe_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, name, loc, ...) \ __kprobe_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, false, name, loc, ## __VA_ARGS__, NULL) #define kretprobe_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, name, loc, ...) \ __kprobe_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, true, name, loc, ## __VA_ARGS__, NULL) extern int __kprobe_event_gen_cmd_start(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, bool kretprobe, const char *name, const char *loc, ...); #define kprobe_event_add_fields(cmd, ...) \ __kprobe_event_add_fields(cmd, ## __VA_ARGS__, NULL) #define kprobe_event_add_field(cmd, field) \ __kprobe_event_add_fields(cmd, field, NULL) extern int __kprobe_event_add_fields(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, ...); #define kprobe_event_gen_cmd_end(cmd) \ dynevent_create(cmd) #define kretprobe_event_gen_cmd_end(cmd) \ dynevent_create(cmd) /* * Event file flags: * ENABLED - The event is enabled * RECORDED_CMD - The comms should be recorded at sched_switch * RECORDED_TGID - The tgids should be recorded at sched_switch * FILTERED - The event has a filter attached * NO_SET_FILTER - Set when filter has error and is to be ignored * SOFT_MODE - The event is enabled/disabled by SOFT_DISABLED * SOFT_DISABLED - When set, do not trace the event (even though its * tracepoint may be enabled) * TRIGGER_MODE - When set, invoke the triggers associated with the event * TRIGGER_COND - When set, one or more triggers has an associated filter * PID_FILTER - When set, the event is filtered based on pid * WAS_ENABLED - Set when enabled to know to clear trace on module removal */ enum { EVENT_FILE_FL_ENABLED = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_ENABLED_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_CMD = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_CMD_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_TGID = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_TGID_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_FILTERED = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_FILTERED_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_NO_SET_FILTER = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_NO_SET_FILTER_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_MODE = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_MODE_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_MODE = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_MODE_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_COND = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_COND_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_PID_FILTER = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_PID_FILTER_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_WAS_ENABLED = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_WAS_ENABLED_BIT), }; struct trace_event_file { struct list_head list; struct trace_event_call *event_call; struct event_filter __rcu *filter; struct dentry *dir; struct trace_array *tr; struct trace_subsystem_dir *system; struct list_head triggers; /* * 32 bit flags: * bit 0: enabled * bit 1: enabled cmd record * bit 2: enable/disable with the soft disable bit * bit 3: soft disabled * bit 4: trigger enabled * * Note: The bits must be set atomically to prevent races * from other writers. Reads of flags do not need to be in * sync as they occur in critical sections. But the way flags * is currently used, these changes do not affect the code * except that when a change is made, it may have a slight * delay in propagating the changes to other CPUs due to * caching and such. Which is mostly OK ;-) */ unsigned long flags; atomic_t sm_ref; /* soft-mode reference counter */ atomic_t tm_ref; /* trigger-mode reference counter */ }; #define __TRACE_EVENT_FLAGS(name, value) \ static int __init trace_init_flags_##name(void) \ { \ event_##name.flags |= value; \ return 0; \ } \ early_initcall(trace_init_flags_##name); #define __TRACE_EVENT_PERF_PERM(name, expr...) \ static int perf_perm_##name(struct trace_event_call *tp_event, \ struct perf_event *p_event) \ { \ return ({ expr; }); \ } \ static int __init trace_init_perf_perm_##name(void) \ { \ event_##name.perf_perm = &perf_perm_##name; \ return 0; \ } \ early_initcall(trace_init_perf_perm_##name); #define PERF_MAX_TRACE_SIZE 2048 #define MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL 256U /* Should handle KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN */ enum event_trigger_type { ETT_NONE = (0), ETT_TRACE_ONOFF = (1 << 0), ETT_SNAPSHOT = (1 << 1), ETT_STACKTRACE = (1 << 2), ETT_EVENT_ENABLE = (1 << 3), ETT_EVENT_HIST = (1 << 4), ETT_HIST_ENABLE = (1 << 5), }; extern int filter_match_preds(struct event_filter *filter, void *rec); extern enum event_trigger_type event_triggers_call(struct trace_event_file *file, void *rec, struct ring_buffer_event *event); extern void event_triggers_post_call(struct trace_event_file *file, enum event_trigger_type tt); bool trace_event_ignore_this_pid(struct trace_event_file *trace_file); /** * trace_trigger_soft_disabled - do triggers and test if soft disabled * @file: The file pointer of the event to test * * If any triggers without filters are attached to this event, they * will be called here. If the event is soft disabled and has no * triggers that require testing the fields, it will return true, * otherwise false. */ static inline bool trace_trigger_soft_disabled(struct trace_event_file *file) { unsigned long eflags = file->flags; if (!(eflags & EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_COND)) { if (eflags & EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_MODE) event_triggers_call(file, NULL, NULL); if (eflags & EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED) return true; if (eflags & EVENT_FILE_FL_PID_FILTER) return trace_event_ignore_this_pid(file); } return false; } #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_EVENTS unsigned int trace_call_bpf(struct trace_event_call *call, void *ctx); int perf_event_attach_bpf_prog(struct perf_event *event, struct bpf_prog *prog); void perf_event_detach_bpf_prog(struct perf_event *event); int perf_event_query_prog_array(struct perf_event *event, void __user *info); int bpf_probe_register(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp, struct bpf_prog *prog); int bpf_probe_unregister(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp, struct bpf_prog *prog); struct bpf_raw_event_map *bpf_get_raw_tracepoint(const char *name); void bpf_put_raw_tracepoint(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp); int bpf_get_perf_event_info(const struct perf_event *event, u32 *prog_id, u32 *fd_type, const char **buf, u64 *probe_offset, u64 *probe_addr); #else static inline unsigned int trace_call_bpf(struct trace_event_call *call, void *ctx) { return 1; } static inline int perf_event_attach_bpf_prog(struct perf_event *event, struct bpf_prog *prog) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline void perf_event_detach_bpf_prog(struct perf_event *event) { } static inline int perf_event_query_prog_array(struct perf_event *event, void __user *info) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int bpf_probe_register(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp, struct bpf_prog *p) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int bpf_probe_unregister(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp, struct bpf_prog *p) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline struct bpf_raw_event_map *bpf_get_raw_tracepoint(const char *name) { return NULL; } static inline void bpf_put_raw_tracepoint(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp) { } static inline int bpf_get_perf_event_info(const struct perf_event *event, u32 *prog_id, u32 *fd_type, const char **buf, u64 *probe_offset, u64 *probe_addr) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } #endif enum { FILTER_OTHER = 0, FILTER_STATIC_STRING, FILTER_DYN_STRING, FILTER_PTR_STRING, FILTER_TRACE_FN, FILTER_COMM, FILTER_CPU, }; extern int trace_event_raw_init(struct trace_event_call *call); extern int trace_define_field(struct trace_event_call *call, const char *type, const char *name, int offset, int size, int is_signed, int filter_type); extern int trace_add_event_call(struct trace_event_call *call); extern int trace_remove_event_call(struct trace_event_call *call); extern int trace_event_get_offsets(struct trace_event_call *call); #define is_signed_type(type) (((type)(-1)) < (type)1) int ftrace_set_clr_event(struct trace_array *tr, char *buf, int set); int trace_set_clr_event(const char *system, const char *event, int set); int trace_array_set_clr_event(struct trace_array *tr, const char *system, const char *event, bool enable); /* * The double __builtin_constant_p is because gcc will give us an error * if we try to allocate the static variable to fmt if it is not a * constant. Even with the outer if statement optimizing out. */ #define event_trace_printk(ip, fmt, args...) \ do { \ __trace_printk_check_format(fmt, ##args); \ tracing_record_cmdline(current); \ if (__builtin_constant_p(fmt)) { \ static const char *trace_printk_fmt \ __section("__trace_printk_fmt") = \ __builtin_constant_p(fmt) ? fmt : NULL; \ \ __trace_bprintk(ip, trace_printk_fmt, ##args); \ } else \ __trace_printk(ip, fmt, ##args); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS struct perf_event; DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct pt_regs, perf_trace_regs); DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, bpf_kprobe_override); extern int perf_trace_init(struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_trace_destroy(struct perf_event *event); extern int perf_trace_add(struct perf_event *event, int flags); extern void perf_trace_del(struct perf_event *event, int flags); #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBE_EVENTS extern int perf_kprobe_init(struct perf_event *event, bool is_retprobe); extern void perf_kprobe_destroy(struct perf_event *event); extern int bpf_get_kprobe_info(const struct perf_event *event, u32 *fd_type, const char **symbol, u64 *probe_offset, u64 *probe_addr, bool perf_type_tracepoint); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UPROBE_EVENTS extern int perf_uprobe_init(struct perf_event *event, unsigned long ref_ctr_offset, bool is_retprobe); extern void perf_uprobe_destroy(struct perf_event *event); extern int bpf_get_uprobe_info(const struct perf_event *event, u32 *fd_type, const char **filename, u64 *probe_offset, bool perf_type_tracepoint); #endif extern int ftrace_profile_set_filter(struct perf_event *event, int event_id, char *filter_str); extern void ftrace_profile_free_filter(struct perf_event *event); void perf_trace_buf_update(void *record, u16 type); void *perf_trace_buf_alloc(int size, struct pt_regs **regs, int *rctxp); void bpf_trace_run1(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1); void bpf_trace_run2(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2); void bpf_trace_run3(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3); void bpf_trace_run4(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4); void bpf_trace_run5(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5); void bpf_trace_run6(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6); void bpf_trace_run7(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7); void bpf_trace_run8(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7, u64 arg8); void bpf_trace_run9(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7, u64 arg8, u64 arg9); void bpf_trace_run10(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7, u64 arg8, u64 arg9, u64 arg10); void bpf_trace_run11(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7, u64 arg8, u64 arg9, u64 arg10, u64 arg11); void bpf_trace_run12(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7, u64 arg8, u64 arg9, u64 arg10, u64 arg11, u64 arg12); void perf_trace_run_bpf_submit(void *raw_data, int size, int rctx, struct trace_event_call *call, u64 count, struct pt_regs *regs, struct hlist_head *head, struct task_struct *task); static inline void perf_trace_buf_submit(void *raw_data, int size, int rctx, u16 type, u64 count, struct pt_regs *regs, void *head, struct task_struct *task) { perf_tp_event(type, count, raw_data, size, regs, head, rctx, task); } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_TRACE_EVENT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_RATELIMIT_H #define _LINUX_RATELIMIT_H #include <linux/ratelimit_types.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> static inline void ratelimit_state_init(struct ratelimit_state *rs, int interval, int burst) { memset(rs, 0, sizeof(*rs)); raw_spin_lock_init(&rs->lock); rs->interval = interval; rs->burst = burst; } static inline void ratelimit_default_init(struct ratelimit_state *rs) { return ratelimit_state_init(rs, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); } static inline void ratelimit_state_exit(struct ratelimit_state *rs) { if (!(rs->flags & RATELIMIT_MSG_ON_RELEASE)) return; if (rs->missed) { pr_warn("%s: %d output lines suppressed due to ratelimiting\n", current->comm, rs->missed); rs->missed = 0; } } static inline void ratelimit_set_flags(struct ratelimit_state *rs, unsigned long flags) { rs->flags = flags; } extern struct ratelimit_state printk_ratelimit_state; #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define WARN_ON_RATELIMIT(condition, state) ({ \ bool __rtn_cond = !!(condition); \ WARN_ON(__rtn_cond && __ratelimit(state)); \ __rtn_cond; \ }) #define WARN_RATELIMIT(condition, format, ...) \ ({ \ static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(_rs, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); \ int rtn = !!(condition); \ \ if (unlikely(rtn && __ratelimit(&_rs))) \ WARN(rtn, format, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ \ rtn; \ }) #else #define WARN_ON_RATELIMIT(condition, state) \ WARN_ON(condition) #define WARN_RATELIMIT(condition, format, ...) \ ({ \ int rtn = WARN(condition, format, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ rtn; \ }) #endif #endif /* _LINUX_RATELIMIT_H */
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1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PGTABLE_H #define _LINUX_PGTABLE_H #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <asm/pgtable.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <asm-generic/pgtable_uffd.h> #if 5 - defined(__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED) - defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) - \ defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) != CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS #error CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS is not consistent with __PAGETABLE_{P4D,PUD,PMD}_FOLDED #endif /* * On almost all architectures and configurations, 0 can be used as the * upper ceiling to free_pgtables(): on many architectures it has the same * effect as using TASK_SIZE. However, there is one configuration which * must impose a more careful limit, to avoid freeing kernel pgtables. */ #ifndef USER_PGTABLES_CEILING #define USER_PGTABLES_CEILING 0UL #endif /* * A page table page can be thought of an array like this: pXd_t[PTRS_PER_PxD] * * The pXx_index() functions return the index of the entry in the page * table page which would control the given virtual address * * As these functions may be used by the same code for different levels of * the page table folding, they are always available, regardless of * CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS value. For the folded levels they simply return 0 * because in such cases PTRS_PER_PxD equals 1. */ static inline unsigned long pte_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); } #ifndef pmd_index static inline unsigned long pmd_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> PMD_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PMD - 1); } #define pmd_index pmd_index #endif #ifndef pud_index static inline unsigned long pud_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> PUD_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PUD - 1); } #define pud_index pud_index #endif #ifndef pgd_index /* Must be a compile-time constant, so implement it as a macro */ #define pgd_index(a) (((a) >> PGDIR_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PGD - 1)) #endif #ifndef pte_offset_kernel static inline pte_t *pte_offset_kernel(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address) { return (pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd) + pte_index(address); } #define pte_offset_kernel pte_offset_kernel #endif #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHPTE) #define pte_offset_map(dir, address) \ ((pte_t *)kmap_atomic(pmd_page(*(dir))) + \ pte_index((address))) #define pte_unmap(pte) kunmap_atomic((pte)) #else #define pte_offset_map(dir, address) pte_offset_kernel((dir), (address)) #define pte_unmap(pte) ((void)(pte)) /* NOP */ #endif /* Find an entry in the second-level page table.. */ #ifndef pmd_offset static inline pmd_t *pmd_offset(pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return (pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud) + pmd_index(address); } #define pmd_offset pmd_offset #endif #ifndef pud_offset static inline pud_t *pud_offset(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return (pud_t *)p4d_page_vaddr(*p4d) + pud_index(address); } #define pud_offset pud_offset #endif static inline pgd_t *pgd_offset_pgd(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return (pgd + pgd_index(address)); }; /* * a shortcut to get a pgd_t in a given mm */ #ifndef pgd_offset #define pgd_offset(mm, address) pgd_offset_pgd((mm)->pgd, (address)) #endif /* * a shortcut which implies the use of the kernel's pgd, instead * of a process's */ #ifndef pgd_offset_k #define pgd_offset_k(address) pgd_offset(&init_mm, (address)) #endif /* * In many cases it is known that a virtual address is mapped at PMD or PTE * level, so instead of traversing all the page table levels, we can get a * pointer to the PMD entry in user or kernel page table or translate a virtual * address to the pointer in the PTE in the kernel page tables with simple * helpers. */ static inline pmd_t *pmd_off(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long va) { return pmd_offset(pud_offset(p4d_offset(pgd_offset(mm, va), va), va), va); } static inline pmd_t *pmd_off_k(unsigned long va) { return pmd_offset(pud_offset(p4d_offset(pgd_offset_k(va), va), va), va); } static inline pte_t *virt_to_kpte(unsigned long vaddr) { pmd_t *pmd = pmd_off_k(vaddr); return pmd_none(*pmd) ? NULL : pte_offset_kernel(pmd, vaddr); } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS extern int ptep_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, pte_t entry, int dirty); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE extern int pmdp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t entry, int dirty); extern int pudp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, pud_t entry, int dirty); #else static inline int pmdp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t entry, int dirty) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } static inline int pudp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, pud_t entry, int dirty) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG static inline int ptep_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t pte = *ptep; int r = 1; if (!pte_young(pte)) r = 0; else set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, address, ptep, pte_mkold(pte)); return r; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t pmd = *pmdp; int r = 1; if (!pmd_young(pmd)) r = 0; else set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp, pmd_mkold(pmd)); return r; } #else static inline int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH int ptep_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE extern int pmdp_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #else /* * Despite relevant to THP only, this API is called from generic rmap code * under PageTransHuge(), hence needs a dummy implementation for !THP */ static inline int pmdp_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t pte = *ptep; pte_clear(mm, address, ptep); return pte; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET static inline pte_t ptep_get(pte_t *ptep) { return READ_ONCE(*ptep); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pmd_t pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t pmd = *pmdp; pmd_clear(pmdp); return pmd; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pud_t pudp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp) { pud_t pud = *pudp; pud_clear(pudp); return pud; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR */ #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pmd_t pmdp_huge_get_and_clear_full(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, int full) { return pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pud_t pudp_huge_get_and_clear_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, int full) { return pudp_huge_get_and_clear(mm, address, pudp); } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, int full) { pte_t pte; pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, address, ptep); return pte; } #endif /* * If two threads concurrently fault at the same page, the thread that * won the race updates the PTE and its local TLB/Cache. The other thread * gives up, simply does nothing, and continues; on architectures where * software can update TLB, local TLB can be updated here to avoid next page * fault. This function updates TLB only, do nothing with cache or others. * It is the difference with function update_mmu_cache. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_UPDATE_MMU_TLB static inline void update_mmu_tlb(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { } #define __HAVE_ARCH_UPDATE_MMU_TLB #endif /* * Some architectures may be able to avoid expensive synchronization * primitives when modifications are made to PTE's which are already * not present, or in the process of an address space destruction. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_CLEAR_NOT_PRESENT_FULL static inline void pte_clear_not_present_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, int full) { pte_clear(mm, address, ptep); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_FLUSH extern pte_t ptep_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_CLEAR_FLUSH extern pmd_t pmdp_huge_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); extern pud_t pudp_huge_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_WRPROTECT struct mm_struct; static inline void ptep_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t old_pte = *ptep; set_pte_at(mm, address, ptep, pte_wrprotect(old_pte)); } #endif /* * On some architectures hardware does not set page access bit when accessing * memory page, it is responsibilty of software setting this bit. It brings * out extra page fault penalty to track page access bit. For optimization page * access bit can be set during all page fault flow on these arches. * To be differentiate with macro pte_mkyoung, this macro is used on platforms * where software maintains page access bit. */ #ifndef pte_sw_mkyoung static inline pte_t pte_sw_mkyoung(pte_t pte) { return pte; } #define pte_sw_mkyoung pte_sw_mkyoung #endif #ifndef pte_savedwrite #define pte_savedwrite pte_write #endif #ifndef pte_mk_savedwrite #define pte_mk_savedwrite pte_mkwrite #endif #ifndef pte_clear_savedwrite #define pte_clear_savedwrite pte_wrprotect #endif #ifndef pmd_savedwrite #define pmd_savedwrite pmd_write #endif #ifndef pmd_mk_savedwrite #define pmd_mk_savedwrite pmd_mkwrite #endif #ifndef pmd_clear_savedwrite #define pmd_clear_savedwrite pmd_wrprotect #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_WRPROTECT #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline void pmdp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t old_pmd = *pmdp; set_pmd_at(mm, address, pmdp, pmd_wrprotect(old_pmd)); } #else static inline void pmdp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_SET_WRPROTECT #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD static inline void pudp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp) { pud_t old_pud = *pudp; set_pud_at(mm, address, pudp, pud_wrprotect(old_pud)); } #else static inline void pudp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp) { BUILD_BUG(); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD */ #endif #ifndef pmdp_collapse_flush #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE extern pmd_t pmdp_collapse_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #else static inline pmd_t pmdp_collapse_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); return *pmdp; } #define pmdp_collapse_flush pmdp_collapse_flush #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGTABLE_DEPOSIT extern void pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmdp, pgtable_t pgtable); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGTABLE_WITHDRAW extern pgtable_t pgtable_trans_huge_withdraw(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmdp); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* * This is an implementation of pmdp_establish() that is only suitable for an * architecture that doesn't have hardware dirty/accessed bits. In this case we * can't race with CPU which sets these bits and non-atomic aproach is fine. */ static inline pmd_t generic_pmdp_establish(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { pmd_t old_pmd = *pmdp; set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp, pmd); return old_pmd; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_INVALIDATE extern pmd_t pmdp_invalidate(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME static inline int pte_same(pte_t pte_a, pte_t pte_b) { return pte_val(pte_a) == pte_val(pte_b); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_UNUSED /* * Some architectures provide facilities to virtualization guests * so that they can flag allocated pages as unused. This allows the * host to transparently reclaim unused pages. This function returns * whether the pte's page is unused. */ static inline int pte_unused(pte_t pte) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef pte_access_permitted #define pte_access_permitted(pte, write) \ (pte_present(pte) && (!(write) || pte_write(pte))) #endif #ifndef pmd_access_permitted #define pmd_access_permitted(pmd, write) \ (pmd_present(pmd) && (!(write) || pmd_write(pmd))) #endif #ifndef pud_access_permitted #define pud_access_permitted(pud, write) \ (pud_present(pud) && (!(write) || pud_write(pud))) #endif #ifndef p4d_access_permitted #define p4d_access_permitted(p4d, write) \ (p4d_present(p4d) && (!(write) || p4d_write(p4d))) #endif #ifndef pgd_access_permitted #define pgd_access_permitted(pgd, write) \ (pgd_present(pgd) && (!(write) || pgd_write(pgd))) #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMD_SAME static inline int pmd_same(pmd_t pmd_a, pmd_t pmd_b) { return pmd_val(pmd_a) == pmd_val(pmd_b); } static inline int pud_same(pud_t pud_a, pud_t pud_b) { return pud_val(pud_a) == pud_val(pud_b); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_P4D_SAME static inline int p4d_same(p4d_t p4d_a, p4d_t p4d_b) { return p4d_val(p4d_a) == p4d_val(p4d_b); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGD_SAME static inline int pgd_same(pgd_t pgd_a, pgd_t pgd_b) { return pgd_val(pgd_a) == pgd_val(pgd_b); } #endif /* * Use set_p*_safe(), and elide TLB flushing, when confident that *no* * TLB flush will be required as a result of the "set". For example, use * in scenarios where it is known ahead of time that the routine is * setting non-present entries, or re-setting an existing entry to the * same value. Otherwise, use the typical "set" helpers and flush the * TLB. */ #define set_pte_safe(ptep, pte) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pte_present(*ptep) && !pte_same(*ptep, pte)); \ set_pte(ptep, pte); \ }) #define set_pmd_safe(pmdp, pmd) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pmd_present(*pmdp) && !pmd_same(*pmdp, pmd)); \ set_pmd(pmdp, pmd); \ }) #define set_pud_safe(pudp, pud) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pud_present(*pudp) && !pud_same(*pudp, pud)); \ set_pud(pudp, pud); \ }) #define set_p4d_safe(p4dp, p4d) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(p4d_present(*p4dp) && !p4d_same(*p4dp, p4d)); \ set_p4d(p4dp, p4d); \ }) #define set_pgd_safe(pgdp, pgd) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pgd_present(*pgdp) && !pgd_same(*pgdp, pgd)); \ set_pgd(pgdp, pgd); \ }) #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_DO_SWAP_PAGE /* * Some architectures support metadata associated with a page. When a * page is being swapped out, this metadata must be saved so it can be * restored when the page is swapped back in. SPARC M7 and newer * processors support an ADI (Application Data Integrity) tag for the * page as metadata for the page. arch_do_swap_page() can restore this * metadata when a page is swapped back in. */ static inline void arch_do_swap_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, pte_t oldpte) { } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_UNMAP_ONE /* * Some architectures support metadata associated with a page. When a * page is being swapped out, this metadata must be saved so it can be * restored when the page is swapped back in. SPARC M7 and newer * processors support an ADI (Application Data Integrity) tag for the * page as metadata for the page. arch_unmap_one() can save this * metadata on a swap-out of a page. */ static inline int arch_unmap_one(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t orig_pte) { return 0; } #endif /* * Allow architectures to preserve additional metadata associated with * swapped-out pages. The corresponding __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_* macros and function * prototypes must be defined in the arch-specific asm/pgtable.h file. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PREPARE_TO_SWAP static inline int arch_prepare_to_swap(struct page *page) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_INVALIDATE static inline void arch_swap_invalidate_page(int type, pgoff_t offset) { } static inline void arch_swap_invalidate_area(int type) { } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_RESTORE static inline void arch_swap_restore(swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page) { } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGD_OFFSET_GATE #define pgd_offset_gate(mm, addr) pgd_offset(mm, addr) #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MOVE_PTE #define move_pte(pte, prot, old_addr, new_addr) (pte) #endif #ifndef pte_accessible # define pte_accessible(mm, pte) ((void)(pte), 1) #endif #ifndef flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault #define flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vma, address) flush_tlb_page(vma, address) #endif /* * When walking page tables, get the address of the next boundary, * or the end address of the range if that comes earlier. Although no * vma end wraps to 0, rounded up __boundary may wrap to 0 throughout. */ #define pgd_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + PGDIR_SIZE) & PGDIR_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #ifndef p4d_addr_end #define p4d_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + P4D_SIZE) & P4D_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #endif #ifndef pud_addr_end #define pud_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + PUD_SIZE) & PUD_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #endif #ifndef pmd_addr_end #define pmd_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + PMD_SIZE) & PMD_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #endif /* * When walking page tables, we usually want to skip any p?d_none entries; * and any p?d_bad entries - reporting the error before resetting to none. * Do the tests inline, but report and clear the bad entry in mm/memory.c. */ void pgd_clear_bad(pgd_t *); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED void p4d_clear_bad(p4d_t *); #else #define p4d_clear_bad(p4d) do { } while (0) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED void pud_clear_bad(pud_t *); #else #define pud_clear_bad(p4d) do { } while (0) #endif void pmd_clear_bad(pmd_t *); static inline int pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd_t *pgd) { if (pgd_none(*pgd)) return 1; if (unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) { pgd_clear_bad(pgd); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d_t *p4d) { if (p4d_none(*p4d)) return 1; if (unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) { p4d_clear_bad(p4d); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud_t *pud) { if (pud_none(*pud)) return 1; if (unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) { pud_clear_bad(pud); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd_t *pmd) { if (pmd_none(*pmd)) return 1; if (unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) { pmd_clear_bad(pmd); return 1; } return 0; } static inline pte_t __ptep_modify_prot_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { /* * Get the current pte state, but zero it out to make it * non-present, preventing the hardware from asynchronously * updating it. */ return ptep_get_and_clear(vma->vm_mm, addr, ptep); } static inline void __ptep_modify_prot_commit(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { /* * The pte is non-present, so there's no hardware state to * preserve. */ set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, addr, ptep, pte); } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_MODIFY_PROT_TRANSACTION /* * Start a pte protection read-modify-write transaction, which * protects against asynchronous hardware modifications to the pte. * The intention is not to prevent the hardware from making pte * updates, but to prevent any updates it may make from being lost. * * This does not protect against other software modifications of the * pte; the appropriate pte lock must be held over the transation. * * Note that this interface is intended to be batchable, meaning that * ptep_modify_prot_commit may not actually update the pte, but merely * queue the update to be done at some later time. The update must be * actually committed before the pte lock is released, however. */ static inline pte_t ptep_modify_prot_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { return __ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, addr, ptep); } /* * Commit an update to a pte, leaving any hardware-controlled bits in * the PTE unmodified. */ static inline void ptep_modify_prot_commit(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t old_pte, pte_t pte) { __ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, addr, ptep, pte); } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_MODIFY_PROT_TRANSACTION */ #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ /* * No-op macros that just return the current protection value. Defined here * because these macros can be used even if CONFIG_MMU is not defined. */ #ifndef pgprot_nx #define pgprot_nx(prot) (prot) #endif #ifndef pgprot_noncached #define pgprot_noncached(prot) (prot) #endif #ifndef pgprot_writecombine #define pgprot_writecombine pgprot_noncached #endif #ifndef pgprot_writethrough #define pgprot_writethrough pgprot_noncached #endif #ifndef pgprot_device #define pgprot_device pgprot_noncached #endif #ifndef pgprot_mhp #define pgprot_mhp(prot) (prot) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #ifndef pgprot_modify #define pgprot_modify pgprot_modify static inline pgprot_t pgprot_modify(pgprot_t oldprot, pgprot_t newprot) { if (pgprot_val(oldprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_noncached(oldprot))) newprot = pgprot_noncached(newprot); if (pgprot_val(oldprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_writecombine(oldprot))) newprot = pgprot_writecombine(newprot); if (pgprot_val(oldprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_device(oldprot))) newprot = pgprot_device(newprot); return newprot; } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #ifndef pgprot_encrypted #define pgprot_encrypted(prot) (prot) #endif #ifndef pgprot_decrypted #define pgprot_decrypted(prot) (prot) #endif /* * A facility to provide lazy MMU batching. This allows PTE updates and * page invalidations to be delayed until a call to leave lazy MMU mode * is issued. Some architectures may benefit from doing this, and it is * beneficial for both shadow and direct mode hypervisors, which may batch * the PTE updates which happen during this window. Note that using this * interface requires that read hazards be removed from the code. A read * hazard could result in the direct mode hypervisor case, since the actual * write to the page tables may not yet have taken place, so reads though * a raw PTE pointer after it has been modified are not guaranteed to be * up to date. This mode can only be entered and left under the protection of * the page table locks for all page tables which may be modified. In the UP * case, this is required so that preemption is disabled, and in the SMP case, * it must synchronize the delayed page table writes properly on other CPUs. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_ENTER_LAZY_MMU_MODE #define arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode() do {} while (0) #define arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode() do {} while (0) #define arch_flush_lazy_mmu_mode() do {} while (0) #endif /* * A facility to provide batching of the reload of page tables and * other process state with the actual context switch code for * paravirtualized guests. By convention, only one of the batched * update (lazy) modes (CPU, MMU) should be active at any given time, * entry should never be nested, and entry and exits should always be * paired. This is for sanity of maintaining and reasoning about the * kernel code. In this case, the exit (end of the context switch) is * in architecture-specific code, and so doesn't need a generic * definition. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_START_CONTEXT_SWITCH #define arch_start_context_switch(prev) do {} while (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline int pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY */ static inline int pte_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline pmd_t pmd_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline pte_t pte_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline int pte_swp_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline int pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_PFNMAP_TRACKING /* * Interfaces that can be used by architecture code to keep track of * memory type of pfn mappings specified by the remap_pfn_range, * vmf_insert_pfn. */ /* * track_pfn_remap is called when a _new_ pfn mapping is being established * by remap_pfn_range() for physical range indicated by pfn and size. */ static inline int track_pfn_remap(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size) { return 0; } /* * track_pfn_insert is called when a _new_ single pfn is established * by vmf_insert_pfn(). */ static inline void track_pfn_insert(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, pfn_t pfn) { } /* * track_pfn_copy is called when vma that is covering the pfnmap gets * copied through copy_page_range(). */ static inline int track_pfn_copy(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return 0; } /* * untrack_pfn is called while unmapping a pfnmap for a region. * untrack can be called for a specific region indicated by pfn and size or * can be for the entire vma (in which case pfn, size are zero). */ static inline void untrack_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size) { } /* * untrack_pfn_moved is called while mremapping a pfnmap for a new region. */ static inline void untrack_pfn_moved(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { } #else extern int track_pfn_remap(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size); extern void track_pfn_insert(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, pfn_t pfn); extern int track_pfn_copy(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern void untrack_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size); extern void untrack_pfn_moved(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #endif #ifdef __HAVE_COLOR_ZERO_PAGE static inline int is_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn) { extern unsigned long zero_pfn; unsigned long offset_from_zero_pfn = pfn - zero_pfn; return offset_from_zero_pfn <= (zero_page_mask >> PAGE_SHIFT); } #define my_zero_pfn(addr) page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(addr)) #else static inline int is_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn) { extern unsigned long zero_pfn; return pfn == zero_pfn; } static inline unsigned long my_zero_pfn(unsigned long addr) { extern unsigned long zero_pfn; return zero_pfn; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #ifndef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline int pmd_trans_huge(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } #ifndef pmd_write static inline int pmd_write(pmd_t pmd) { BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* pmd_write */ #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #ifndef pud_write static inline int pud_write(pud_t pud) { BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* pud_write */ #if !defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP) || !defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) static inline int pmd_devmap(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline int pud_devmap(pud_t pud) { return 0; } static inline int pgd_devmap(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; } #endif #if !defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || \ (defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ !defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD)) static inline int pud_trans_huge(pud_t pud) { return 0; } #endif /* See pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad for discussion. */ static inline int pud_none_or_trans_huge_or_dev_or_clear_bad(pud_t *pud) { pud_t pudval = READ_ONCE(*pud); if (pud_none(pudval) || pud_trans_huge(pudval) || pud_devmap(pudval)) return 1; if (unlikely(pud_bad(pudval))) { pud_clear_bad(pud); return 1; } return 0; } /* See pmd_trans_unstable for discussion. */ static inline int pud_trans_unstable(pud_t *pud) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) return pud_none_or_trans_huge_or_dev_or_clear_bad(pud); #else return 0; #endif } #ifndef pmd_read_atomic static inline pmd_t pmd_read_atomic(pmd_t *pmdp) { /* * Depend on compiler for an atomic pmd read. NOTE: this is * only going to work, if the pmdval_t isn't larger than * an unsigned long. */ return *pmdp; } #endif #ifndef arch_needs_pgtable_deposit #define arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() (false) #endif /* * This function is meant to be used by sites walking pagetables with * the mmap_lock held in read mode to protect against MADV_DONTNEED and * transhuge page faults. MADV_DONTNEED can convert a transhuge pmd * into a null pmd and the transhuge page fault can convert a null pmd * into an hugepmd or into a regular pmd (if the hugepage allocation * fails). While holding the mmap_lock in read mode the pmd becomes * stable and stops changing under us only if it's not null and not a * transhuge pmd. When those races occurs and this function makes a * difference vs the standard pmd_none_or_clear_bad, the result is * undefined so behaving like if the pmd was none is safe (because it * can return none anyway). The compiler level barrier() is critically * important to compute the two checks atomically on the same pmdval. * * For 32bit kernels with a 64bit large pmd_t this automatically takes * care of reading the pmd atomically to avoid SMP race conditions * against pmd_populate() when the mmap_lock is hold for reading by the * caller (a special atomic read not done by "gcc" as in the generic * version above, is also needed when THP is disabled because the page * fault can populate the pmd from under us). */ static inline int pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd_t *pmd) { pmd_t pmdval = pmd_read_atomic(pmd); /* * The barrier will stabilize the pmdval in a register or on * the stack so that it will stop changing under the code. * * When CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE=y on x86 32bit PAE, * pmd_read_atomic is allowed to return a not atomic pmdval * (for example pointing to an hugepage that has never been * mapped in the pmd). The below checks will only care about * the low part of the pmd with 32bit PAE x86 anyway, with the * exception of pmd_none(). So the important thing is that if * the low part of the pmd is found null, the high part will * be also null or the pmd_none() check below would be * confused. */ #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE barrier(); #endif /* * !pmd_present() checks for pmd migration entries * * The complete check uses is_pmd_migration_entry() in linux/swapops.h * But using that requires moving current function and pmd_trans_unstable() * to linux/swapops.h to resovle dependency, which is too much code move. * * !pmd_present() is equivalent to is_pmd_migration_entry() currently, * because !pmd_present() pages can only be under migration not swapped * out. * * pmd_none() is preseved for future condition checks on pmd migration * entries and not confusing with this function name, although it is * redundant with !pmd_present(). */ if (pmd_none(pmdval) || pmd_trans_huge(pmdval) || (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION) && !pmd_present(pmdval))) return 1; if (unlikely(pmd_bad(pmdval))) { pmd_clear_bad(pmd); return 1; } return 0; } /* * This is a noop if Transparent Hugepage Support is not built into * the kernel. Otherwise it is equivalent to * pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(), and shall only be called in * places that already verified the pmd is not none and they want to * walk ptes while holding the mmap sem in read mode (write mode don't * need this). If THP is not enabled, the pmd can't go away under the * code even if MADV_DONTNEED runs, but if THP is enabled we need to * run a pmd_trans_unstable before walking the ptes after * split_huge_pmd returns (because it may have run when the pmd become * null, but then a page fault can map in a THP and not a regular page). */ static inline int pmd_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE return pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd); #else return 0; #endif } #ifndef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * Technically a PTE can be PROTNONE even when not doing NUMA balancing but * the only case the kernel cares is for NUMA balancing and is only ever set * when the VMA is accessible. For PROT_NONE VMAs, the PTEs are not marked * _PAGE_PROTNONE so by default, implement the helper as "always no". It * is the responsibility of the caller to distinguish between PROT_NONE * protections and NUMA hinting fault protections. */ static inline int pte_protnone(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_protnone(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED int p4d_set_huge(p4d_t *p4d, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot); int p4d_clear_huge(p4d_t *p4d); #else static inline int p4d_set_huge(p4d_t *p4d, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int p4d_clear_huge(p4d_t *p4d) { return 0; } #endif /* !__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ int pud_set_huge(pud_t *pud, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot); int pmd_set_huge(pmd_t *pmd, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot); int pud_clear_huge(pud_t *pud); int pmd_clear_huge(pmd_t *pmd); int p4d_free_pud_page(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr); int pud_free_pmd_page(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr); int pmd_free_pte_page(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr); #else /* !CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP */ static inline int p4d_set_huge(p4d_t *p4d, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int pud_set_huge(pud_t *pud, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_set_huge(pmd_t *pmd, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int p4d_clear_huge(p4d_t *p4d) { return 0; } static inline int pud_clear_huge(pud_t *pud) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_clear_huge(pmd_t *pmd) { return 0; } static inline int p4d_free_pud_page(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int pud_free_pmd_page(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_free_pte_page(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_FLUSH_PMD_TLB_RANGE #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* * ARCHes with special requirements for evicting THP backing TLB entries can * implement this. Otherwise also, it can help optimize normal TLB flush in * THP regime. Stock flush_tlb_range() typically has optimization to nuke the * entire TLB if flush span is greater than a threshold, which will * likely be true for a single huge page. Thus a single THP flush will * invalidate the entire TLB which is not desirable. * e.g. see arch/arc: flush_pmd_tlb_range */ #define flush_pmd_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) flush_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) #define flush_pud_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) flush_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) #else #define flush_pmd_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) BUILD_BUG() #define flush_pud_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) BUILD_BUG() #endif #endif struct file; int phys_mem_access_prot_allowed(struct file *file, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t *vma_prot); #ifndef CONFIG_X86_ESPFIX64 static inline void init_espfix_bsp(void) { } #endif extern void __init pgtable_cache_init(void); #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED static inline bool pfn_modify_allowed(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { return true; } static inline bool arch_has_pfn_modify_check(void) { return false; } #endif /* !_HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED */ /* * Architecture PAGE_KERNEL_* fallbacks * * Some architectures don't define certain PAGE_KERNEL_* flags. This is either * because they really don't support them, or the port needs to be updated to * reflect the required functionality. Below are a set of relatively safe * fallbacks, as best effort, which we can count on in lieu of the architectures * not defining them on their own yet. */ #ifndef PAGE_KERNEL_RO # define PAGE_KERNEL_RO PAGE_KERNEL #endif #ifndef PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC # define PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC PAGE_KERNEL #endif /* * Page Table Modification bits for pgtbl_mod_mask. * * These are used by the p?d_alloc_track*() set of functions an in the generic * vmalloc/ioremap code to track at which page-table levels entries have been * modified. Based on that the code can better decide when vmalloc and ioremap * mapping changes need to be synchronized to other page-tables in the system. */ #define __PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED 0 #define __PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED 1 #define __PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED 2 #define __PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED 3 #define __PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED 4 #define PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED) /* Page-Table Modification Mask */ typedef unsigned int pgtbl_mod_mask; #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #if !defined(MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS) && !defined(CONFIG_64BIT) #ifdef CONFIG_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT /* * ZSMALLOC needs to know the highest PFN on 32-bit architectures * with physical address space extension, but falls back to * BITS_PER_LONG otherwise. */ #error Missing MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS definition #else #define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 32 #endif #endif #ifndef has_transparent_hugepage #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #define has_transparent_hugepage() 1 #else #define has_transparent_hugepage() 0 #endif #endif /* * On some architectures it depends on the mm if the p4d/pud or pmd * layer of the page table hierarchy is folded or not. */ #ifndef mm_p4d_folded #define mm_p4d_folded(mm) __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED) #endif #ifndef mm_pud_folded #define mm_pud_folded(mm) __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) #endif #ifndef mm_pmd_folded #define mm_pmd_folded(mm) __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) #endif #ifndef p4d_offset_lockless #define p4d_offset_lockless(pgdp, pgd, address) p4d_offset(&(pgd), address) #endif #ifndef pud_offset_lockless #define pud_offset_lockless(p4dp, p4d, address) pud_offset(&(p4d), address) #endif #ifndef pmd_offset_lockless #define pmd_offset_lockless(pudp, pud, address) pmd_offset(&(pud), address) #endif /* * p?d_leaf() - true if this entry is a final mapping to a physical address. * This differs from p?d_huge() by the fact that they are always available (if * the architecture supports large pages at the appropriate level) even * if CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE is not defined. * Only meaningful when called on a valid entry. */ #ifndef pgd_leaf #define pgd_leaf(x) 0 #endif #ifndef p4d_leaf #define p4d_leaf(x) 0 #endif #ifndef pud_leaf #define pud_leaf(x) 0 #endif #ifndef pmd_leaf #define pmd_leaf(x) 0 #endif #endif /* _LINUX_PGTABLE_H */
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4021 4022 4023 4024 4025 4026 4027 4028 4029 4030 4031 4032 4033 4034 4035 4036 4037 4038 4039 4040 4041 4042 4043 4044 4045 4046 4047 4048 4049 4050 4051 4052 4053 4054 4055 4056 4057 4058 4059 4060 4061 4062 4063 4064 4065 4066 4067 4068 4069 4070 4071 4072 4073 4074 4075 4076 4077 4078 4079 4080 4081 4082 4083 4084 4085 4086 4087 4088 4089 4090 4091 4092 4093 4094 4095 4096 4097 4098 4099 4100 4101 4102 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 4108 4109 4110 4111 4112 4113 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119 4120 4121 4122 4123 4124 4125 4126 4127 4128 4129 4130 4131 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/namespace.c * * (C) Copyright Al Viro 2000, 2001 * * Based on code from fs/super.c, copyright Linus Torvalds and others. * Heavily rewritten. */ #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/mnt_namespace.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/init.h> /* init_rootfs */ #include <linux/fs_struct.h> /* get_fs_root et.al. */ #include <linux/fsnotify.h> /* fsnotify_vfsmount_delete */ #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <uapi/linux/mount.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> #include <linux/shmem_fs.h> #include "pnode.h" #include "internal.h" /* Maximum number of mounts in a mount namespace */ unsigned int sysctl_mount_max __read_mostly = 100000; static unsigned int m_hash_mask __read_mostly; static unsigned int m_hash_shift __read_mostly; static unsigned int mp_hash_mask __read_mostly; static unsigned int mp_hash_shift __read_mostly; static __initdata unsigned long mhash_entries; static int __init set_mhash_entries(char *str) { if (!str) return 0; mhash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0); return 1; } __setup("mhash_entries=", set_mhash_entries); static __initdata unsigned long mphash_entries; static int __init set_mphash_entries(char *str) { if (!str) return 0; mphash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0); return 1; } __setup("mphash_entries=", set_mphash_entries); static u64 event; static DEFINE_IDA(mnt_id_ida); static DEFINE_IDA(mnt_group_ida); static struct hlist_head *mount_hashtable __read_mostly; static struct hlist_head *mountpoint_hashtable __read_mostly; static struct kmem_cache *mnt_cache __read_mostly; static DECLARE_RWSEM(namespace_sem); static HLIST_HEAD(unmounted); /* protected by namespace_sem */ static LIST_HEAD(ex_mountpoints); /* protected by namespace_sem */ /* /sys/fs */ struct kobject *fs_kobj; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fs_kobj); /* * vfsmount lock may be taken for read to prevent changes to the * vfsmount hash, ie. during mountpoint lookups or walking back * up the tree. * * It should be taken for write in all cases where the vfsmount * tree or hash is modified or when a vfsmount structure is modified. */ __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SEQLOCK(mount_lock); static inline struct hlist_head *m_hash(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { unsigned long tmp = ((unsigned long)mnt / L1_CACHE_BYTES); tmp += ((unsigned long)dentry / L1_CACHE_BYTES); tmp = tmp + (tmp >> m_hash_shift); return &mount_hashtable[tmp & m_hash_mask]; } static inline struct hlist_head *mp_hash(struct dentry *dentry) { unsigned long tmp = ((unsigned long)dentry / L1_CACHE_BYTES); tmp = tmp + (tmp >> mp_hash_shift); return &mountpoint_hashtable[tmp & mp_hash_mask]; } static int mnt_alloc_id(struct mount *mnt) { int res = ida_alloc(&mnt_id_ida, GFP_KERNEL); if (res < 0) return res; mnt->mnt_id = res; return 0; } static void mnt_free_id(struct mount *mnt) { ida_free(&mnt_id_ida, mnt->mnt_id); } /* * Allocate a new peer group ID */ static int mnt_alloc_group_id(struct mount *mnt) { int res = ida_alloc_min(&mnt_group_ida, 1, GFP_KERNEL); if (res < 0) return res; mnt->mnt_group_id = res; return 0; } /* * Release a peer group ID */ void mnt_release_group_id(struct mount *mnt) { ida_free(&mnt_group_ida, mnt->mnt_group_id); mnt->mnt_group_id = 0; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for read */ static inline void mnt_add_count(struct mount *mnt, int n) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP this_cpu_add(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_count, n); #else preempt_disable(); mnt->mnt_count += n; preempt_enable(); #endif } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ int mnt_get_count(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int count = 0; int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { count += per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_pcp, cpu)->mnt_count; } return count; #else return mnt->mnt_count; #endif } static struct mount *alloc_vfsmnt(const char *name) { struct mount *mnt = kmem_cache_zalloc(mnt_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (mnt) { int err; err = mnt_alloc_id(mnt); if (err) goto out_free_cache; if (name) { mnt->mnt_devname = kstrdup_const(name, GFP_KERNEL); if (!mnt->mnt_devname) goto out_free_id; } #ifdef CONFIG_SMP mnt->mnt_pcp = alloc_percpu(struct mnt_pcp); if (!mnt->mnt_pcp) goto out_free_devname; this_cpu_add(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_count, 1); #else mnt->mnt_count = 1; mnt->mnt_writers = 0; #endif INIT_HLIST_NODE(&mnt->mnt_hash); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_child); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_mounts); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_expire); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_share); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_slave_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_slave); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&mnt->mnt_mp_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_umounting); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_stuck_children); } return mnt; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP out_free_devname: kfree_const(mnt->mnt_devname); #endif out_free_id: mnt_free_id(mnt); out_free_cache: kmem_cache_free(mnt_cache, mnt); return NULL; } /* * Most r/o checks on a fs are for operations that take * discrete amounts of time, like a write() or unlink(). * We must keep track of when those operations start * (for permission checks) and when they end, so that * we can determine when writes are able to occur to * a filesystem. */ /* * __mnt_is_readonly: check whether a mount is read-only * @mnt: the mount to check for its write status * * This shouldn't be used directly ouside of the VFS. * It does not guarantee that the filesystem will stay * r/w, just that it is right *now*. This can not and * should not be used in place of IS_RDONLY(inode). * mnt_want/drop_write() will _keep_ the filesystem * r/w. */ bool __mnt_is_readonly(struct vfsmount *mnt) { return (mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY) || sb_rdonly(mnt->mnt_sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mnt_is_readonly); static inline void mnt_inc_writers(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP this_cpu_inc(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_writers); #else mnt->mnt_writers++; #endif } static inline void mnt_dec_writers(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP this_cpu_dec(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_writers); #else mnt->mnt_writers--; #endif } static unsigned int mnt_get_writers(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP unsigned int count = 0; int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { count += per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_pcp, cpu)->mnt_writers; } return count; #else return mnt->mnt_writers; #endif } static int mnt_is_readonly(struct vfsmount *mnt) { if (mnt->mnt_sb->s_readonly_remount) return 1; /* Order wrt setting s_flags/s_readonly_remount in do_remount() */ smp_rmb(); return __mnt_is_readonly(mnt); } /* * Most r/o & frozen checks on a fs are for operations that take discrete * amounts of time, like a write() or unlink(). We must keep track of when * those operations start (for permission checks) and when they end, so that we * can determine when writes are able to occur to a filesystem. */ /** * __mnt_want_write - get write access to a mount without freeze protection * @m: the mount on which to take a write * * This tells the low-level filesystem that a write is about to be performed to * it, and makes sure that writes are allowed (mnt it read-write) before * returning success. This operation does not protect against filesystem being * frozen. When the write operation is finished, __mnt_drop_write() must be * called. This is effectively a refcount. */ int __mnt_want_write(struct vfsmount *m) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m); int ret = 0; preempt_disable(); mnt_inc_writers(mnt); /* * The store to mnt_inc_writers must be visible before we pass * MNT_WRITE_HOLD loop below, so that the slowpath can see our * incremented count after it has set MNT_WRITE_HOLD. */ smp_mb(); while (READ_ONCE(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags) & MNT_WRITE_HOLD) cpu_relax(); /* * After the slowpath clears MNT_WRITE_HOLD, mnt_is_readonly will * be set to match its requirements. So we must not load that until * MNT_WRITE_HOLD is cleared. */ smp_rmb(); if (mnt_is_readonly(m)) { mnt_dec_writers(mnt); ret = -EROFS; } preempt_enable(); return ret; } /** * mnt_want_write - get write access to a mount * @m: the mount on which to take a write * * This tells the low-level filesystem that a write is about to be performed to * it, and makes sure that writes are allowed (mount is read-write, filesystem * is not frozen) before returning success. When the write operation is * finished, mnt_drop_write() must be called. This is effectively a refcount. */ int mnt_want_write(struct vfsmount *m) { int ret; sb_start_write(m->mnt_sb); ret = __mnt_want_write(m); if (ret) sb_end_write(m->mnt_sb); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_want_write); /** * mnt_clone_write - get write access to a mount * @mnt: the mount on which to take a write * * This is effectively like mnt_want_write, except * it must only be used to take an extra write reference * on a mountpoint that we already know has a write reference * on it. This allows some optimisation. * * After finished, mnt_drop_write must be called as usual to * drop the reference. */ int mnt_clone_write(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* superblock may be r/o */ if (__mnt_is_readonly(mnt)) return -EROFS; preempt_disable(); mnt_inc_writers(real_mount(mnt)); preempt_enable(); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_clone_write); /** * __mnt_want_write_file - get write access to a file's mount * @file: the file who's mount on which to take a write * * This is like __mnt_want_write, but it takes a file and can * do some optimisations if the file is open for write already */ int __mnt_want_write_file(struct file *file) { if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITER)) return __mnt_want_write(file->f_path.mnt); else return mnt_clone_write(file->f_path.mnt); } /** * mnt_want_write_file - get write access to a file's mount * @file: the file who's mount on which to take a write * * This is like mnt_want_write, but it takes a file and can * do some optimisations if the file is open for write already */ int mnt_want_write_file(struct file *file) { int ret; sb_start_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); ret = __mnt_want_write_file(file); if (ret) sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_want_write_file); /** * __mnt_drop_write - give up write access to a mount * @mnt: the mount on which to give up write access * * Tells the low-level filesystem that we are done * performing writes to it. Must be matched with * __mnt_want_write() call above. */ void __mnt_drop_write(struct vfsmount *mnt) { preempt_disable(); mnt_dec_writers(real_mount(mnt)); preempt_enable(); } /** * mnt_drop_write - give up write access to a mount * @mnt: the mount on which to give up write access * * Tells the low-level filesystem that we are done performing writes to it and * also allows filesystem to be frozen again. Must be matched with * mnt_want_write() call above. */ void mnt_drop_write(struct vfsmount *mnt) { __mnt_drop_write(mnt); sb_end_write(mnt->mnt_sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_drop_write); void __mnt_drop_write_file(struct file *file) { __mnt_drop_write(file->f_path.mnt); } void mnt_drop_write_file(struct file *file) { __mnt_drop_write_file(file); sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mnt_drop_write_file); static int mnt_make_readonly(struct mount *mnt) { int ret = 0; lock_mount_hash(); mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_WRITE_HOLD; /* * After storing MNT_WRITE_HOLD, we'll read the counters. This store * should be visible before we do. */ smp_mb(); /* * With writers on hold, if this value is zero, then there are * definitely no active writers (although held writers may subsequently * increment the count, they'll have to wait, and decrement it after * seeing MNT_READONLY). * * It is OK to have counter incremented on one CPU and decremented on * another: the sum will add up correctly. The danger would be when we * sum up each counter, if we read a counter before it is incremented, * but then read another CPU's count which it has been subsequently * decremented from -- we would see more decrements than we should. * MNT_WRITE_HOLD protects against this scenario, because * mnt_want_write first increments count, then smp_mb, then spins on * MNT_WRITE_HOLD, so it can't be decremented by another CPU while * we're counting up here. */ if (mnt_get_writers(mnt) > 0) ret = -EBUSY; else mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY; /* * MNT_READONLY must become visible before ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD, so writers * that become unheld will see MNT_READONLY. */ smp_wmb(); mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD; unlock_mount_hash(); return ret; } static int __mnt_unmake_readonly(struct mount *mnt) { lock_mount_hash(); mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_READONLY; unlock_mount_hash(); return 0; } int sb_prepare_remount_readonly(struct super_block *sb) { struct mount *mnt; int err = 0; /* Racy optimization. Recheck the counter under MNT_WRITE_HOLD */ if (atomic_long_read(&sb->s_remove_count)) return -EBUSY; lock_mount_hash(); list_for_each_entry(mnt, &sb->s_mounts, mnt_instance) { if (!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY)) { mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_WRITE_HOLD; smp_mb(); if (mnt_get_writers(mnt) > 0) { err = -EBUSY; break; } } } if (!err && atomic_long_read(&sb->s_remove_count)) err = -EBUSY; if (!err) { sb->s_readonly_remount = 1; smp_wmb(); } list_for_each_entry(mnt, &sb->s_mounts, mnt_instance) { if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_WRITE_HOLD) mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD; } unlock_mount_hash(); return err; } static void free_vfsmnt(struct mount *mnt) { kfree_const(mnt->mnt_devname); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP free_percpu(mnt->mnt_pcp); #endif kmem_cache_free(mnt_cache, mnt); } static void delayed_free_vfsmnt(struct rcu_head *head) { free_vfsmnt(container_of(head, struct mount, mnt_rcu)); } /* call under rcu_read_lock */ int __legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *bastard, unsigned seq) { struct mount *mnt; if (read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq)) return 1; if (bastard == NULL) return 0; mnt = real_mount(bastard); mnt_add_count(mnt, 1); smp_mb(); // see mntput_no_expire() if (likely(!read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq))) return 0; if (bastard->mnt_flags & MNT_SYNC_UMOUNT) { mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); return 1; } lock_mount_hash(); if (unlikely(bastard->mnt_flags & MNT_DOOMED)) { mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); unlock_mount_hash(); return 1; } unlock_mount_hash(); /* caller will mntput() */ return -1; } /* call under rcu_read_lock */ bool legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *bastard, unsigned seq) { int res = __legitimize_mnt(bastard, seq); if (likely(!res)) return true; if (unlikely(res < 0)) { rcu_read_unlock(); mntput(bastard); rcu_read_lock(); } return false; } /* * find the first mount at @dentry on vfsmount @mnt. * call under rcu_read_lock() */ struct mount *__lookup_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_head *head = m_hash(mnt, dentry); struct mount *p; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, mnt_hash) if (&p->mnt_parent->mnt == mnt && p->mnt_mountpoint == dentry) return p; return NULL; } /* * lookup_mnt - Return the first child mount mounted at path * * "First" means first mounted chronologically. If you create the * following mounts: * * mount /dev/sda1 /mnt * mount /dev/sda2 /mnt * mount /dev/sda3 /mnt * * Then lookup_mnt() on the base /mnt dentry in the root mount will * return successively the root dentry and vfsmount of /dev/sda1, then * /dev/sda2, then /dev/sda3, then NULL. * * lookup_mnt takes a reference to the found vfsmount. */ struct vfsmount *lookup_mnt(const struct path *path) { struct mount *child_mnt; struct vfsmount *m; unsigned seq; rcu_read_lock(); do { seq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock); child_mnt = __lookup_mnt(path->mnt, path->dentry); m = child_mnt ? &child_mnt->mnt : NULL; } while (!legitimize_mnt(m, seq)); rcu_read_unlock(); return m; } static inline void lock_ns_list(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { spin_lock(&ns->ns_lock); } static inline void unlock_ns_list(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { spin_unlock(&ns->ns_lock); } static inline bool mnt_is_cursor(struct mount *mnt) { return mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_CURSOR; } /* * __is_local_mountpoint - Test to see if dentry is a mountpoint in the * current mount namespace. * * The common case is dentries are not mountpoints at all and that * test is handled inline. For the slow case when we are actually * dealing with a mountpoint of some kind, walk through all of the * mounts in the current mount namespace and test to see if the dentry * is a mountpoint. * * The mount_hashtable is not usable in the context because we * need to identify all mounts that may be in the current mount * namespace not just a mount that happens to have some specified * parent mount. */ bool __is_local_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { struct mnt_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns; struct mount *mnt; bool is_covered = false; down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_ns_list(ns); list_for_each_entry(mnt, &ns->list, mnt_list) { if (mnt_is_cursor(mnt)) continue; is_covered = (mnt->mnt_mountpoint == dentry); if (is_covered) break; } unlock_ns_list(ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); return is_covered; } static struct mountpoint *lookup_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_head *chain = mp_hash(dentry); struct mountpoint *mp; hlist_for_each_entry(mp, chain, m_hash) { if (mp->m_dentry == dentry) { mp->m_count++; return mp; } } return NULL; } static struct mountpoint *get_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { struct mountpoint *mp, *new = NULL; int ret; if (d_mountpoint(dentry)) { /* might be worth a WARN_ON() */ if (d_unlinked(dentry)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); mountpoint: read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); mp = lookup_mountpoint(dentry); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); if (mp) goto done; } if (!new) new = kmalloc(sizeof(struct mountpoint), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* Exactly one processes may set d_mounted */ ret = d_set_mounted(dentry); /* Someone else set d_mounted? */ if (ret == -EBUSY) goto mountpoint; /* The dentry is not available as a mountpoint? */ mp = ERR_PTR(ret); if (ret) goto done; /* Add the new mountpoint to the hash table */ read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); new->m_dentry = dget(dentry); new->m_count = 1; hlist_add_head(&new->m_hash, mp_hash(dentry)); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&new->m_list); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); mp = new; new = NULL; done: kfree(new); return mp; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held. Additionally, the caller is responsible * for serializing calls for given disposal list. */ static void __put_mountpoint(struct mountpoint *mp, struct list_head *list) { if (!--mp->m_count) { struct dentry *dentry = mp->m_dentry; BUG_ON(!hlist_empty(&mp->m_list)); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_MOUNTED; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); dput_to_list(dentry, list); hlist_del(&mp->m_hash); kfree(mp); } } /* called with namespace_lock and vfsmount lock */ static void put_mountpoint(struct mountpoint *mp) { __put_mountpoint(mp, &ex_mountpoints); } static inline int check_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { return mnt->mnt_ns == current->nsproxy->mnt_ns; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void touch_mnt_namespace(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (ns) { ns->event = ++event; wake_up_interruptible(&ns->poll); } } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void __touch_mnt_namespace(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (ns && ns->event != event) { ns->event = event; wake_up_interruptible(&ns->poll); } } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static struct mountpoint *unhash_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { struct mountpoint *mp; mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root; list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_child); hlist_del_init_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash); hlist_del_init(&mnt->mnt_mp_list); mp = mnt->mnt_mp; mnt->mnt_mp = NULL; return mp; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void umount_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { put_mountpoint(unhash_mnt(mnt)); } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ void mnt_set_mountpoint(struct mount *mnt, struct mountpoint *mp, struct mount *child_mnt) { mp->m_count++; mnt_add_count(mnt, 1); /* essentially, that's mntget */ child_mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mp->m_dentry; child_mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; child_mnt->mnt_mp = mp; hlist_add_head(&child_mnt->mnt_mp_list, &mp->m_list); } static void __attach_mnt(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *parent) { hlist_add_head_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash, m_hash(&parent->mnt, mnt->mnt_mountpoint)); list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_child, &parent->mnt_mounts); } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void attach_mnt(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *parent, struct mountpoint *mp) { mnt_set_mountpoint(parent, mp, mnt); __attach_mnt(mnt, parent); } void mnt_change_mountpoint(struct mount *parent, struct mountpoint *mp, struct mount *mnt) { struct mountpoint *old_mp = mnt->mnt_mp; struct mount *old_parent = mnt->mnt_parent; list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_child); hlist_del_init(&mnt->mnt_mp_list); hlist_del_init_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash); attach_mnt(mnt, parent, mp); put_mountpoint(old_mp); mnt_add_count(old_parent, -1); } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void commit_tree(struct mount *mnt) { struct mount *parent = mnt->mnt_parent; struct mount *m; LIST_HEAD(head); struct mnt_namespace *n = parent->mnt_ns; BUG_ON(parent == mnt); list_add_tail(&head, &mnt->mnt_list); list_for_each_entry(m, &head, mnt_list) m->mnt_ns = n; list_splice(&head, n->list.prev); n->mounts += n->pending_mounts; n->pending_mounts = 0; __attach_mnt(mnt, parent); touch_mnt_namespace(n); } static struct mount *next_mnt(struct mount *p, struct mount *root) { struct list_head *next = p->mnt_mounts.next; if (next == &p->mnt_mounts) { while (1) { if (p == root) return NULL; next = p->mnt_child.next; if (next != &p->mnt_parent->mnt_mounts) break; p = p->mnt_parent; } } return list_entry(next, struct mount, mnt_child); } static struct mount *skip_mnt_tree(struct mount *p) { struct list_head *prev = p->mnt_mounts.prev; while (prev != &p->mnt_mounts) { p = list_entry(prev, struct mount, mnt_child); prev = p->mnt_mounts.prev; } return p; } /** * vfs_create_mount - Create a mount for a configured superblock * @fc: The configuration context with the superblock attached * * Create a mount to an already configured superblock. If necessary, the * caller should invoke vfs_get_tree() before calling this. * * Note that this does not attach the mount to anything. */ struct vfsmount *vfs_create_mount(struct fs_context *fc) { struct mount *mnt; if (!fc->root) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); mnt = alloc_vfsmnt(fc->source ?: "none"); if (!mnt) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (fc->sb_flags & SB_KERNMOUNT) mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = MNT_INTERNAL; atomic_inc(&fc->root->d_sb->s_active); mnt->mnt.mnt_sb = fc->root->d_sb; mnt->mnt.mnt_root = dget(fc->root); mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root; mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; lock_mount_hash(); list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_instance, &mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_mounts); unlock_mount_hash(); return &mnt->mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_create_mount); struct vfsmount *fc_mount(struct fs_context *fc) { int err = vfs_get_tree(fc); if (!err) { up_write(&fc->root->d_sb->s_umount); return vfs_create_mount(fc); } return ERR_PTR(err); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fc_mount); struct vfsmount *vfs_kern_mount(struct file_system_type *type, int flags, const char *name, void *data) { struct fs_context *fc; struct vfsmount *mnt; int ret = 0; if (!type) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); fc = fs_context_for_mount(type, flags); if (IS_ERR(fc)) return ERR_CAST(fc); if (name) ret = vfs_parse_fs_string(fc, "source", name, strlen(name)); if (!ret) ret = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, data); if (!ret) mnt = fc_mount(fc); else mnt = ERR_PTR(ret); put_fs_context(fc); return mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_kern_mount); struct vfsmount * vfs_submount(const struct dentry *mountpoint, struct file_system_type *type, const char *name, void *data) { /* Until it is worked out how to pass the user namespace * through from the parent mount to the submount don't support * unprivileged mounts with submounts. */ if (mountpoint->d_sb->s_user_ns != &init_user_ns) return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); return vfs_kern_mount(type, SB_SUBMOUNT, name, data); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_submount); static struct mount *clone_mnt(struct mount *old, struct dentry *root, int flag) { struct super_block *sb = old->mnt.mnt_sb; struct mount *mnt; int err; mnt = alloc_vfsmnt(old->mnt_devname); if (!mnt) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (flag & (CL_SLAVE | CL_PRIVATE | CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE)) mnt->mnt_group_id = 0; /* not a peer of original */ else mnt->mnt_group_id = old->mnt_group_id; if ((flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) && !mnt->mnt_group_id) { err = mnt_alloc_group_id(mnt); if (err) goto out_free; } mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = old->mnt.mnt_flags; mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~(MNT_WRITE_HOLD|MNT_MARKED|MNT_INTERNAL); atomic_inc(&sb->s_active); mnt->mnt.mnt_sb = sb; mnt->mnt.mnt_root = dget(root); mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root; mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; lock_mount_hash(); list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_instance, &sb->s_mounts); unlock_mount_hash(); if ((flag & CL_SLAVE) || ((flag & CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE) && IS_MNT_SHARED(old))) { list_add(&mnt->mnt_slave, &old->mnt_slave_list); mnt->mnt_master = old; CLEAR_MNT_SHARED(mnt); } else if (!(flag & CL_PRIVATE)) { if ((flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) || IS_MNT_SHARED(old)) list_add(&mnt->mnt_share, &old->mnt_share); if (IS_MNT_SLAVE(old)) list_add(&mnt->mnt_slave, &old->mnt_slave); mnt->mnt_master = old->mnt_master; } else { CLEAR_MNT_SHARED(mnt); } if (flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) set_mnt_shared(mnt); /* stick the duplicate mount on the same expiry list * as the original if that was on one */ if (flag & CL_EXPIRE) { if (!list_empty(&old->mnt_expire)) list_add(&mnt->mnt_expire, &old->mnt_expire); } return mnt; out_free: mnt_free_id(mnt); free_vfsmnt(mnt); return ERR_PTR(err); } static void cleanup_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { struct hlist_node *p; struct mount *m; /* * The warning here probably indicates that somebody messed * up a mnt_want/drop_write() pair. If this happens, the * filesystem was probably unable to make r/w->r/o transitions. * The locking used to deal with mnt_count decrement provides barriers, * so mnt_get_writers() below is safe. */ WARN_ON(mnt_get_writers(mnt)); if (unlikely(mnt->mnt_pins.first)) mnt_pin_kill(mnt); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(m, p, &mnt->mnt_stuck_children, mnt_umount) { hlist_del(&m->mnt_umount); mntput(&m->mnt); } fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(&mnt->mnt); dput(mnt->mnt.mnt_root); deactivate_super(mnt->mnt.mnt_sb); mnt_free_id(mnt); call_rcu(&mnt->mnt_rcu, delayed_free_vfsmnt); } static void __cleanup_mnt(struct rcu_head *head) { cleanup_mnt(container_of(head, struct mount, mnt_rcu)); } static LLIST_HEAD(delayed_mntput_list); static void delayed_mntput(struct work_struct *unused) { struct llist_node *node = llist_del_all(&delayed_mntput_list); struct mount *m, *t; llist_for_each_entry_safe(m, t, node, mnt_llist) cleanup_mnt(m); } static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(delayed_mntput_work, delayed_mntput); static void mntput_no_expire(struct mount *mnt) { LIST_HEAD(list); int count; rcu_read_lock(); if (likely(READ_ONCE(mnt->mnt_ns))) { /* * Since we don't do lock_mount_hash() here, * ->mnt_ns can change under us. However, if it's * non-NULL, then there's a reference that won't * be dropped until after an RCU delay done after * turning ->mnt_ns NULL. So if we observe it * non-NULL under rcu_read_lock(), the reference * we are dropping is not the final one. */ mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); rcu_read_unlock(); return; } lock_mount_hash(); /* * make sure that if __legitimize_mnt() has not seen us grab * mount_lock, we'll see their refcount increment here. */ smp_mb(); mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); count = mnt_get_count(mnt); if (count != 0) { WARN_ON(count < 0); rcu_read_unlock(); unlock_mount_hash(); return; } if (unlikely(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_DOOMED)) { rcu_read_unlock(); unlock_mount_hash(); return; } mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_DOOMED; rcu_read_unlock(); list_del(&mnt->mnt_instance); if (unlikely(!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_mounts))) { struct mount *p, *tmp; list_for_each_entry_safe(p, tmp, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { __put_mountpoint(unhash_mnt(p), &list); hlist_add_head(&p->mnt_umount, &mnt->mnt_stuck_children); } } unlock_mount_hash(); shrink_dentry_list(&list); if (likely(!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_INTERNAL))) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))) { init_task_work(&mnt->mnt_rcu, __cleanup_mnt); if (!task_work_add(task, &mnt->mnt_rcu, TWA_RESUME)) return; } if (llist_add(&mnt->mnt_llist, &delayed_mntput_list)) schedule_delayed_work(&delayed_mntput_work, 1); return; } cleanup_mnt(mnt); } void mntput(struct vfsmount *mnt) { if (mnt) { struct mount *m = real_mount(mnt); /* avoid cacheline pingpong, hope gcc doesn't get "smart" */ if (unlikely(m->mnt_expiry_mark)) m->mnt_expiry_mark = 0; mntput_no_expire(m); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntput); struct vfsmount *mntget(struct vfsmount *mnt) { if (mnt) mnt_add_count(real_mount(mnt), 1); return mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntget); /* path_is_mountpoint() - Check if path is a mount in the current * namespace. * * d_mountpoint() can only be used reliably to establish if a dentry is * not mounted in any namespace and that common case is handled inline. * d_mountpoint() isn't aware of the possibility there may be multiple * mounts using a given dentry in a different namespace. This function * checks if the passed in path is a mountpoint rather than the dentry * alone. */ bool path_is_mountpoint(const struct path *path) { unsigned seq; bool res; if (!d_mountpoint(path->dentry)) return false; rcu_read_lock(); do { seq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock); res = __path_is_mountpoint(path); } while (read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq)); rcu_read_unlock(); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_is_mountpoint); struct vfsmount *mnt_clone_internal(const struct path *path) { struct mount *p; p = clone_mnt(real_mount(path->mnt), path->dentry, CL_PRIVATE); if (IS_ERR(p)) return ERR_CAST(p); p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_INTERNAL; return &p->mnt; } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS static struct mount *mnt_list_next(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct list_head *p) { struct mount *mnt, *ret = NULL; lock_ns_list(ns); list_for_each_continue(p, &ns->list) { mnt = list_entry(p, typeof(*mnt), mnt_list); if (!mnt_is_cursor(mnt)) { ret = mnt; break; } } unlock_ns_list(ns); return ret; } /* iterator; we want it to have access to namespace_sem, thus here... */ static void *m_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct list_head *prev; down_read(&namespace_sem); if (!*pos) { prev = &p->ns->list; } else { prev = &p->cursor.mnt_list; /* Read after we'd reached the end? */ if (list_empty(prev)) return NULL; } return mnt_list_next(p->ns, prev); } static void *m_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct mount *mnt = v; ++*pos; return mnt_list_next(p->ns, &mnt->mnt_list); } static void m_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct mount *mnt = v; lock_ns_list(p->ns); if (mnt) list_move_tail(&p->cursor.mnt_list, &mnt->mnt_list); else list_del_init(&p->cursor.mnt_list); unlock_ns_list(p->ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); } static int m_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct mount *r = v; return p->show(m, &r->mnt); } const struct seq_operations mounts_op = { .start = m_start, .next = m_next, .stop = m_stop, .show = m_show, }; void mnt_cursor_del(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *cursor) { down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_ns_list(ns); list_del(&cursor->mnt_list); unlock_ns_list(ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ /** * may_umount_tree - check if a mount tree is busy * @mnt: root of mount tree * * This is called to check if a tree of mounts has any * open files, pwds, chroots or sub mounts that are * busy. */ int may_umount_tree(struct vfsmount *m) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m); int actual_refs = 0; int minimum_refs = 0; struct mount *p; BUG_ON(!m); /* write lock needed for mnt_get_count */ lock_mount_hash(); for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { actual_refs += mnt_get_count(p); minimum_refs += 2; } unlock_mount_hash(); if (actual_refs > minimum_refs) return 0; return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(may_umount_tree); /** * may_umount - check if a mount point is busy * @mnt: root of mount * * This is called to check if a mount point has any * open files, pwds, chroots or sub mounts. If the * mount has sub mounts this will return busy * regardless of whether the sub mounts are busy. * * Doesn't take quota and stuff into account. IOW, in some cases it will * give false negatives. The main reason why it's here is that we need * a non-destructive way to look for easily umountable filesystems. */ int may_umount(struct vfsmount *mnt) { int ret = 1; down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_mount_hash(); if (propagate_mount_busy(real_mount(mnt), 2)) ret = 0; unlock_mount_hash(); up_read(&namespace_sem); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(may_umount); static void namespace_unlock(void) { struct hlist_head head; struct hlist_node *p; struct mount *m; LIST_HEAD(list); hlist_move_list(&unmounted, &head); list_splice_init(&ex_mountpoints, &list); up_write(&namespace_sem); shrink_dentry_list(&list); if (likely(hlist_empty(&head))) return; synchronize_rcu_expedited(); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(m, p, &head, mnt_umount) { hlist_del(&m->mnt_umount); mntput(&m->mnt); } } static inline void namespace_lock(void) { down_write(&namespace_sem); } enum umount_tree_flags { UMOUNT_SYNC = 1, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE = 2, UMOUNT_CONNECTED = 4, }; static bool disconnect_mount(struct mount *mnt, enum umount_tree_flags how) { /* Leaving mounts connected is only valid for lazy umounts */ if (how & UMOUNT_SYNC) return true; /* A mount without a parent has nothing to be connected to */ if (!mnt_has_parent(mnt)) return true; /* Because the reference counting rules change when mounts are * unmounted and connected, umounted mounts may not be * connected to mounted mounts. */ if (!(mnt->mnt_parent->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UMOUNT)) return true; /* Has it been requested that the mount remain connected? */ if (how & UMOUNT_CONNECTED) return false; /* Is the mount locked such that it needs to remain connected? */ if (IS_MNT_LOCKED(mnt)) return false; /* By default disconnect the mount */ return true; } /* * mount_lock must be held * namespace_sem must be held for write */ static void umount_tree(struct mount *mnt, enum umount_tree_flags how) { LIST_HEAD(tmp_list); struct mount *p; if (how & UMOUNT_PROPAGATE) propagate_mount_unlock(mnt); /* Gather the mounts to umount */ for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_UMOUNT; list_move(&p->mnt_list, &tmp_list); } /* Hide the mounts from mnt_mounts */ list_for_each_entry(p, &tmp_list, mnt_list) { list_del_init(&p->mnt_child); } /* Add propogated mounts to the tmp_list */ if (how & UMOUNT_PROPAGATE) propagate_umount(&tmp_list); while (!list_empty(&tmp_list)) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; bool disconnect; p = list_first_entry(&tmp_list, struct mount, mnt_list); list_del_init(&p->mnt_expire); list_del_init(&p->mnt_list); ns = p->mnt_ns; if (ns) { ns->mounts--; __touch_mnt_namespace(ns); } p->mnt_ns = NULL; if (how & UMOUNT_SYNC) p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_SYNC_UMOUNT; disconnect = disconnect_mount(p, how); if (mnt_has_parent(p)) { mnt_add_count(p->mnt_parent, -1); if (!disconnect) { /* Don't forget about p */ list_add_tail(&p->mnt_child, &p->mnt_parent->mnt_mounts); } else { umount_mnt(p); } } change_mnt_propagation(p, MS_PRIVATE); if (disconnect) hlist_add_head(&p->mnt_umount, &unmounted); } } static void shrink_submounts(struct mount *mnt); static int do_umount_root(struct super_block *sb) { int ret = 0; down_write(&sb->s_umount); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) { struct fs_context *fc; fc = fs_context_for_reconfigure(sb->s_root, SB_RDONLY, SB_RDONLY); if (IS_ERR(fc)) { ret = PTR_ERR(fc); } else { ret = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, NULL); if (!ret) ret = reconfigure_super(fc); put_fs_context(fc); } } up_write(&sb->s_umount); return ret; } static int do_umount(struct mount *mnt, int flags) { struct super_block *sb = mnt->mnt.mnt_sb; int retval; retval = security_sb_umount(&mnt->mnt, flags); if (retval) return retval; /* * Allow userspace to request a mountpoint be expired rather than * unmounting unconditionally. Unmount only happens if: * (1) the mark is already set (the mark is cleared by mntput()) * (2) the usage count == 1 [parent vfsmount] + 1 [sys_umount] */ if (flags & MNT_EXPIRE) { if (&mnt->mnt == current->fs->root.mnt || flags & (MNT_FORCE | MNT_DETACH)) return -EINVAL; /* * probably don't strictly need the lock here if we examined * all race cases, but it's a slowpath. */ lock_mount_hash(); if (mnt_get_count(mnt) != 2) { unlock_mount_hash(); return -EBUSY; } unlock_mount_hash(); if (!xchg(&mnt->mnt_expiry_mark, 1)) return -EAGAIN; } /* * If we may have to abort operations to get out of this * mount, and they will themselves hold resources we must * allow the fs to do things. In the Unix tradition of * 'Gee thats tricky lets do it in userspace' the umount_begin * might fail to complete on the first run through as other tasks * must return, and the like. Thats for the mount program to worry * about for the moment. */ if (flags & MNT_FORCE && sb->s_op->umount_begin) { sb->s_op->umount_begin(sb); } /* * No sense to grab the lock for this test, but test itself looks * somewhat bogus. Suggestions for better replacement? * Ho-hum... In principle, we might treat that as umount + switch * to rootfs. GC would eventually take care of the old vfsmount. * Actually it makes sense, especially if rootfs would contain a * /reboot - static binary that would close all descriptors and * call reboot(9). Then init(8) could umount root and exec /reboot. */ if (&mnt->mnt == current->fs->root.mnt && !(flags & MNT_DETACH)) { /* * Special case for "unmounting" root ... * we just try to remount it readonly. */ if (!ns_capable(sb->s_user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; return do_umount_root(sb); } namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); /* Recheck MNT_LOCKED with the locks held */ retval = -EINVAL; if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) goto out; event++; if (flags & MNT_DETACH) { if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_list)) umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE); retval = 0; } else { shrink_submounts(mnt); retval = -EBUSY; if (!propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 2)) { if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_list)) umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC); retval = 0; } } out: unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); return retval; } /* * __detach_mounts - lazily unmount all mounts on the specified dentry * * During unlink, rmdir, and d_drop it is possible to loose the path * to an existing mountpoint, and wind up leaking the mount. * detach_mounts allows lazily unmounting those mounts instead of * leaking them. * * The caller may hold dentry->d_inode->i_mutex. */ void __detach_mounts(struct dentry *dentry) { struct mountpoint *mp; struct mount *mnt; namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); mp = lookup_mountpoint(dentry); if (!mp) goto out_unlock; event++; while (!hlist_empty(&mp->m_list)) { mnt = hlist_entry(mp->m_list.first, struct mount, mnt_mp_list); if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UMOUNT) { umount_mnt(mnt); hlist_add_head(&mnt->mnt_umount, &unmounted); } else umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_CONNECTED); } put_mountpoint(mp); out_unlock: unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); } /* * Is the caller allowed to modify his namespace? */ static inline bool may_mount(void) { return ns_capable(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN); } #ifdef CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING static bool may_mandlock(void) { pr_warn_once("======================================================\n" "WARNING: the mand mount option is being deprecated and\n" " will be removed in v5.15!\n" "======================================================\n"); return capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN); } #else static inline bool may_mandlock(void) { pr_warn("VFS: \"mand\" mount option not supported"); return false; } #endif static int can_umount(const struct path *path, int flags) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root) return -EINVAL; if (!check_mnt(mnt)) return -EINVAL; if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) /* Check optimistically */ return -EINVAL; if (flags & MNT_FORCE && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; return 0; } // caller is responsible for flags being sane int path_umount(struct path *path, int flags) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); int ret; ret = can_umount(path, flags); if (!ret) ret = do_umount(mnt, flags); /* we mustn't call path_put() as that would clear mnt_expiry_mark */ dput(path->dentry); mntput_no_expire(mnt); return ret; } static int ksys_umount(char __user *name, int flags) { int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_MOUNTPOINT; struct path path; int ret; // basic validity checks done first if (flags & ~(MNT_FORCE | MNT_DETACH | MNT_EXPIRE | UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW)) return -EINVAL; if (!(flags & UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW)) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; ret = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, name, lookup_flags, &path); if (ret) return ret; return path_umount(&path, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(umount, char __user *, name, int, flags) { return ksys_umount(name, flags); } #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_OLDUMOUNT /* * The 2.0 compatible umount. No flags. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(oldumount, char __user *, name) { return ksys_umount(name, 0); } #endif static bool is_mnt_ns_file(struct dentry *dentry) { /* Is this a proxy for a mount namespace? */ return dentry->d_op == &ns_dentry_operations && dentry->d_fsdata == &mntns_operations; } static struct mnt_namespace *to_mnt_ns(struct ns_common *ns) { return container_of(ns, struct mnt_namespace, ns); } struct ns_common *from_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *mnt) { return &mnt->ns; } static bool mnt_ns_loop(struct dentry *dentry) { /* Could bind mounting the mount namespace inode cause a * mount namespace loop? */ struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns; if (!is_mnt_ns_file(dentry)) return false; mnt_ns = to_mnt_ns(get_proc_ns(dentry->d_inode)); return current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->seq >= mnt_ns->seq; } struct mount *copy_tree(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry, int flag) { struct mount *res, *p, *q, *r, *parent; if (!(flag & CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE) && IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(mnt)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (!(flag & CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE) && is_mnt_ns_file(dentry)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); res = q = clone_mnt(mnt, dentry, flag); if (IS_ERR(q)) return q; q->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt_mountpoint; p = mnt; list_for_each_entry(r, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { struct mount *s; if (!is_subdir(r->mnt_mountpoint, dentry)) continue; for (s = r; s; s = next_mnt(s, r)) { if (!(flag & CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE) && IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(s)) { if (s->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) { /* Both unbindable and locked. */ q = ERR_PTR(-EPERM); goto out; } else { s = skip_mnt_tree(s); continue; } } if (!(flag & CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE) && is_mnt_ns_file(s->mnt.mnt_root)) { s = skip_mnt_tree(s); continue; } while (p != s->mnt_parent) { p = p->mnt_parent; q = q->mnt_parent; } p = s; parent = q; q = clone_mnt(p, p->mnt.mnt_root, flag); if (IS_ERR(q)) goto out; lock_mount_hash(); list_add_tail(&q->mnt_list, &res->mnt_list); attach_mnt(q, parent, p->mnt_mp); unlock_mount_hash(); } } return res; out: if (res) { lock_mount_hash(); umount_tree(res, UMOUNT_SYNC); unlock_mount_hash(); } return q; } /* Caller should check returned pointer for errors */ struct vfsmount *collect_mounts(const struct path *path) { struct mount *tree; namespace_lock(); if (!check_mnt(real_mount(path->mnt))) tree = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); else tree = copy_tree(real_mount(path->mnt), path->dentry, CL_COPY_ALL | CL_PRIVATE); namespace_unlock(); if (IS_ERR(tree)) return ERR_CAST(tree); return &tree->mnt; } static void free_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *); static struct mnt_namespace *alloc_mnt_ns(struct user_namespace *, bool); void dissolve_on_fput(struct vfsmount *mnt) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); ns = real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns; if (ns) { if (is_anon_ns(ns)) umount_tree(real_mount(mnt), UMOUNT_CONNECTED); else ns = NULL; } unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); if (ns) free_mnt_ns(ns); } void drop_collected_mounts(struct vfsmount *mnt) { namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); umount_tree(real_mount(mnt), 0); unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); } static bool has_locked_children(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { struct mount *child; list_for_each_entry(child, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { if (!is_subdir(child->mnt_mountpoint, dentry)) continue; if (child->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) return true; } return false; } /** * clone_private_mount - create a private clone of a path * * This creates a new vfsmount, which will be the clone of @path. The new will * not be attached anywhere in the namespace and will be private (i.e. changes * to the originating mount won't be propagated into this). * * Release with mntput(). */ struct vfsmount *clone_private_mount(const struct path *path) { struct mount *old_mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); struct mount *new_mnt; down_read(&namespace_sem); if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(old_mnt)) goto invalid; if (!check_mnt(old_mnt)) goto invalid; if (has_locked_children(old_mnt, path->dentry)) goto invalid; new_mnt = clone_mnt(old_mnt, path->dentry, CL_PRIVATE); up_read(&namespace_sem); if (IS_ERR(new_mnt)) return ERR_CAST(new_mnt); /* Longterm mount to be removed by kern_unmount*() */ new_mnt->mnt_ns = MNT_NS_INTERNAL; return &new_mnt->mnt; invalid: up_read(&namespace_sem); return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clone_private_mount); int iterate_mounts(int (*f)(struct vfsmount *, void *), void *arg, struct vfsmount *root) { struct mount *mnt; int res = f(root, arg); if (res) return res; list_for_each_entry(mnt, &real_mount(root)->mnt_list, mnt_list) { res = f(&mnt->mnt, arg); if (res) return res; } return 0; } static void lock_mnt_tree(struct mount *mnt) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { int flags = p->mnt.mnt_flags; /* Don't allow unprivileged users to change mount flags */ flags |= MNT_LOCK_ATIME; if (flags & MNT_READONLY) flags |= MNT_LOCK_READONLY; if (flags & MNT_NODEV) flags |= MNT_LOCK_NODEV; if (flags & MNT_NOSUID) flags |= MNT_LOCK_NOSUID; if (flags & MNT_NOEXEC) flags |= MNT_LOCK_NOEXEC; /* Don't allow unprivileged users to reveal what is under a mount */ if (list_empty(&p->mnt_expire)) flags |= MNT_LOCKED; p->mnt.mnt_flags = flags; } } static void cleanup_group_ids(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *end) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p != end; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { if (p->mnt_group_id && !IS_MNT_SHARED(p)) mnt_release_group_id(p); } } static int invent_group_ids(struct mount *mnt, bool recurse) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = recurse ? next_mnt(p, mnt) : NULL) { if (!p->mnt_group_id && !IS_MNT_SHARED(p)) { int err = mnt_alloc_group_id(p); if (err) { cleanup_group_ids(mnt, p); return err; } } } return 0; } int count_mounts(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *mnt) { unsigned int max = READ_ONCE(sysctl_mount_max); unsigned int mounts = 0, old, pending, sum; struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) mounts++; old = ns->mounts; pending = ns->pending_mounts; sum = old + pending; if ((old > sum) || (pending > sum) || (max < sum) || (mounts > (max - sum))) return -ENOSPC; ns->pending_mounts = pending + mounts; return 0; } /* * @source_mnt : mount tree to be attached * @nd : place the mount tree @source_mnt is attached * @parent_nd : if non-null, detach the source_mnt from its parent and * store the parent mount and mountpoint dentry. * (done when source_mnt is moved) * * NOTE: in the table below explains the semantics when a source mount * of a given type is attached to a destination mount of a given type. * --------------------------------------------------------------------------- * | BIND MOUNT OPERATION | * |************************************************************************** * | source-->| shared | private | slave | unbindable | * | dest | | | | | * | | | | | | | * | v | | | | | * |************************************************************************** * | shared | shared (++) | shared (+) | shared(+++)| invalid | * | | | | | | * |non-shared| shared (+) | private | slave (*) | invalid | * *************************************************************************** * A bind operation clones the source mount and mounts the clone on the * destination mount. * * (++) the cloned mount is propagated to all the mounts in the propagation * tree of the destination mount and the cloned mount is added to * the peer group of the source mount. * (+) the cloned mount is created under the destination mount and is marked * as shared. The cloned mount is added to the peer group of the source * mount. * (+++) the mount is propagated to all the mounts in the propagation tree * of the destination mount and the cloned mount is made slave * of the same master as that of the source mount. The cloned mount * is marked as 'shared and slave'. * (*) the cloned mount is made a slave of the same master as that of the * source mount. * * --------------------------------------------------------------------------- * | MOVE MOUNT OPERATION | * |************************************************************************** * | source-->| shared | private | slave | unbindable | * | dest | | | | | * | | | | | | | * | v | | | | | * |************************************************************************** * | shared | shared (+) | shared (+) | shared(+++) | invalid | * | | | | | | * |non-shared| shared (+*) | private | slave (*) | unbindable | * *************************************************************************** * * (+) the mount is moved to the destination. And is then propagated to * all the mounts in the propagation tree of the destination mount. * (+*) the mount is moved to the destination. * (+++) the mount is moved to the destination and is then propagated to * all the mounts belonging to the destination mount's propagation tree. * the mount is marked as 'shared and slave'. * (*) the mount continues to be a slave at the new location. * * if the source mount is a tree, the operations explained above is * applied to each mount in the tree. * Must be called without spinlocks held, since this function can sleep * in allocations. */ static int attach_recursive_mnt(struct mount *source_mnt, struct mount *dest_mnt, struct mountpoint *dest_mp, bool moving) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns; HLIST_HEAD(tree_list); struct mnt_namespace *ns = dest_mnt->mnt_ns; struct mountpoint *smp; struct mount *child, *p; struct hlist_node *n; int err; /* Preallocate a mountpoint in case the new mounts need * to be tucked under other mounts. */ smp = get_mountpoint(source_mnt->mnt.mnt_root); if (IS_ERR(smp)) return PTR_ERR(smp); /* Is there space to add these mounts to the mount namespace? */ if (!moving) { err = count_mounts(ns, source_mnt); if (err) goto out; } if (IS_MNT_SHARED(dest_mnt)) { err = invent_group_ids(source_mnt, true); if (err) goto out; err = propagate_mnt(dest_mnt, dest_mp, source_mnt, &tree_list); lock_mount_hash(); if (err) goto out_cleanup_ids; for (p = source_mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, source_mnt)) set_mnt_shared(p); } else { lock_mount_hash(); } if (moving) { unhash_mnt(source_mnt); attach_mnt(source_mnt, dest_mnt, dest_mp); touch_mnt_namespace(source_mnt->mnt_ns); } else { if (source_mnt->mnt_ns) { /* move from anon - the caller will destroy */ list_del_init(&source_mnt->mnt_ns->list); } mnt_set_mountpoint(dest_mnt, dest_mp, source_mnt); commit_tree(source_mnt); } hlist_for_each_entry_safe(child, n, &tree_list, mnt_hash) { struct mount *q; hlist_del_init(&child->mnt_hash); q = __lookup_mnt(&child->mnt_parent->mnt, child->mnt_mountpoint); if (q) mnt_change_mountpoint(child, smp, q); /* Notice when we are propagating across user namespaces */ if (child->mnt_parent->mnt_ns->user_ns != user_ns) lock_mnt_tree(child); child->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED; commit_tree(child); } put_mountpoint(smp); unlock_mount_hash(); return 0; out_cleanup_ids: while (!hlist_empty(&tree_list)) { child = hlist_entry(tree_list.first, struct mount, mnt_hash); child->mnt_parent->mnt_ns->pending_mounts = 0; umount_tree(child, UMOUNT_SYNC); } unlock_mount_hash(); cleanup_group_ids(source_mnt, NULL); out: ns->pending_mounts = 0; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); put_mountpoint(smp); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return err; } static struct mountpoint *lock_mount(struct path *path) { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; retry: inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); if (unlikely(cant_mount(dentry))) { inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } namespace_lock(); mnt = lookup_mnt(path); if (likely(!mnt)) { struct mountpoint *mp = get_mountpoint(dentry); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); return mp; } return mp; } namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); path_put(path); path->mnt = mnt; dentry = path->dentry = dget(mnt->mnt_root); goto retry; } static void unlock_mount(struct mountpoint *where) { struct dentry *dentry = where->m_dentry; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); put_mountpoint(where); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); } static int graft_tree(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *p, struct mountpoint *mp) { if (mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_flags & SB_NOUSER) return -EINVAL; if (d_is_dir(mp->m_dentry) != d_is_dir(mnt->mnt.mnt_root)) return -ENOTDIR; return attach_recursive_mnt(mnt, p, mp, false); } /* * Sanity check the flags to change_mnt_propagation. */ static int flags_to_propagation_type(int ms_flags) { int type = ms_flags & ~(MS_REC | MS_SILENT); /* Fail if any non-propagation flags are set */ if (type & ~(MS_SHARED | MS_PRIVATE | MS_SLAVE | MS_UNBINDABLE)) return 0; /* Only one propagation flag should be set */ if (!is_power_of_2(type)) return 0; return type; } /* * recursively change the type of the mountpoint. */ static int do_change_type(struct path *path, int ms_flags) { struct mount *m; struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); int recurse = ms_flags & MS_REC; int type; int err = 0; if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root) return -EINVAL; type = flags_to_propagation_type(ms_flags); if (!type) return -EINVAL; namespace_lock(); if (type == MS_SHARED) { err = invent_group_ids(mnt, recurse); if (err) goto out_unlock; } lock_mount_hash(); for (m = mnt; m; m = (recurse ? next_mnt(m, mnt) : NULL)) change_mnt_propagation(m, type); unlock_mount_hash(); out_unlock: namespace_unlock(); return err; } static struct mount *__do_loopback(struct path *old_path, int recurse) { struct mount *mnt = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL), *old = real_mount(old_path->mnt); if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(old)) return mnt; if (!check_mnt(old) && old_path->dentry->d_op != &ns_dentry_operations) return mnt; if (!recurse && has_locked_children(old, old_path->dentry)) return mnt; if (recurse) mnt = copy_tree(old, old_path->dentry, CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE); else mnt = clone_mnt(old, old_path->dentry, 0); if (!IS_ERR(mnt)) mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED; return mnt; } /* * do loopback mount. */ static int do_loopback(struct path *path, const char *old_name, int recurse) { struct path old_path; struct mount *mnt = NULL, *parent; struct mountpoint *mp; int err; if (!old_name || !*old_name) return -EINVAL; err = kern_path(old_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT, &old_path); if (err) return err; err = -EINVAL; if (mnt_ns_loop(old_path.dentry)) goto out; mp = lock_mount(path); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { err = PTR_ERR(mp); goto out; } parent = real_mount(path->mnt); if (!check_mnt(parent)) goto out2; mnt = __do_loopback(&old_path, recurse); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) { err = PTR_ERR(mnt); goto out2; } err = graft_tree(mnt, parent, mp); if (err) { lock_mount_hash(); umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_SYNC); unlock_mount_hash(); } out2: unlock_mount(mp); out: path_put(&old_path); return err; } static struct file *open_detached_copy(struct path *path, bool recursive) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns; struct mnt_namespace *ns = alloc_mnt_ns(user_ns, true); struct mount *mnt, *p; struct file *file; if (IS_ERR(ns)) return ERR_CAST(ns); namespace_lock(); mnt = __do_loopback(path, recursive); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) { namespace_unlock(); free_mnt_ns(ns); return ERR_CAST(mnt); } lock_mount_hash(); for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { p->mnt_ns = ns; ns->mounts++; } ns->root = mnt; list_add_tail(&ns->list, &mnt->mnt_list); mntget(&mnt->mnt); unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = &mnt->mnt; file = dentry_open(path, O_PATH, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) dissolve_on_fput(path->mnt); else file->f_mode |= FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT; return file; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(open_tree, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, unsigned, flags) { struct file *file; struct path path; int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT | LOOKUP_FOLLOW; bool detached = flags & OPEN_TREE_CLONE; int error; int fd; BUILD_BUG_ON(OPEN_TREE_CLOEXEC != O_CLOEXEC); if (flags & ~(AT_EMPTY_PATH | AT_NO_AUTOMOUNT | AT_RECURSIVE | AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | OPEN_TREE_CLONE | OPEN_TREE_CLOEXEC)) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & (AT_RECURSIVE | OPEN_TREE_CLONE)) == AT_RECURSIVE) return -EINVAL; if (flags & AT_NO_AUTOMOUNT) lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT; if (flags & AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW) lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; if (detached && !may_mount()) return -EPERM; fd = get_unused_fd_flags(flags & O_CLOEXEC); if (fd < 0) return fd; error = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (unlikely(error)) { file = ERR_PTR(error); } else { if (detached) file = open_detached_copy(&path, flags & AT_RECURSIVE); else file = dentry_open(&path, O_PATH, current_cred()); path_put(&path); } if (IS_ERR(file)) { put_unused_fd(fd); return PTR_ERR(file); } fd_install(fd, file); return fd; } /* * Don't allow locked mount flags to be cleared. * * No locks need to be held here while testing the various MNT_LOCK * flags because those flags can never be cleared once they are set. */ static bool can_change_locked_flags(struct mount *mnt, unsigned int mnt_flags) { unsigned int fl = mnt->mnt.mnt_flags; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_READONLY) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_NODEV) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_NODEV)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_NOSUID) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_NOSUID)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_NOEXEC) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_NOEXEC)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_ATIME) && ((fl & MNT_ATIME_MASK) != (mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK))) return false; return true; } static int change_mount_ro_state(struct mount *mnt, unsigned int mnt_flags) { bool readonly_request = (mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY); if (readonly_request == __mnt_is_readonly(&mnt->mnt)) return 0; if (readonly_request) return mnt_make_readonly(mnt); return __mnt_unmake_readonly(mnt); } /* * Update the user-settable attributes on a mount. The caller must hold * sb->s_umount for writing. */ static void set_mount_attributes(struct mount *mnt, unsigned int mnt_flags) { lock_mount_hash(); mnt_flags |= mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & ~MNT_USER_SETTABLE_MASK; mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = mnt_flags; touch_mnt_namespace(mnt->mnt_ns); unlock_mount_hash(); } static void mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(struct path *mountpoint, struct vfsmount *mnt) { struct super_block *sb = mnt->mnt_sb; if (!__mnt_is_readonly(mnt) && (ktime_get_real_seconds() + TIME_UPTIME_SEC_MAX > sb->s_time_max)) { char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL); char *mntpath = buf ? d_path(mountpoint, buf, PAGE_SIZE) : ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); struct tm tm; time64_to_tm(sb->s_time_max, 0, &tm); pr_warn("%s filesystem being %s at %s supports timestamps until %04ld (0x%llx)\n", sb->s_type->name, is_mounted(mnt) ? "remounted" : "mounted", mntpath, tm.tm_year+1900, (unsigned long long)sb->s_time_max); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } /* * Handle reconfiguration of the mountpoint only without alteration of the * superblock it refers to. This is triggered by specifying MS_REMOUNT|MS_BIND * to mount(2). */ static int do_reconfigure_mnt(struct path *path, unsigned int mnt_flags) { struct super_block *sb = path->mnt->mnt_sb; struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); int ret; if (!check_mnt(mnt)) return -EINVAL; if (path->dentry != mnt->mnt.mnt_root) return -EINVAL; if (!can_change_locked_flags(mnt, mnt_flags)) return -EPERM; down_write(&sb->s_umount); ret = change_mount_ro_state(mnt, mnt_flags); if (ret == 0) set_mount_attributes(mnt, mnt_flags); up_write(&sb->s_umount); mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(path, &mnt->mnt); return ret; } /* * change filesystem flags. dir should be a physical root of filesystem. * If you've mounted a non-root directory somewhere and want to do remount * on it - tough luck. */ static int do_remount(struct path *path, int ms_flags, int sb_flags, int mnt_flags, void *data) { int err; struct super_block *sb = path->mnt->mnt_sb; struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); struct fs_context *fc; if (!check_mnt(mnt)) return -EINVAL; if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root) return -EINVAL; if (!can_change_locked_flags(mnt, mnt_flags)) return -EPERM; fc = fs_context_for_reconfigure(path->dentry, sb_flags, MS_RMT_MASK); if (IS_ERR(fc)) return PTR_ERR(fc); fc->oldapi = true; err = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, data); if (!err) { down_write(&sb->s_umount); err = -EPERM; if (ns_capable(sb->s_user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { err = reconfigure_super(fc); if (!err) set_mount_attributes(mnt, mnt_flags); } up_write(&sb->s_umount); } mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(path, &mnt->mnt); put_fs_context(fc); return err; } static inline int tree_contains_unbindable(struct mount *mnt) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(p)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Check that there aren't references to earlier/same mount namespaces in the * specified subtree. Such references can act as pins for mount namespaces * that aren't checked by the mount-cycle checking code, thereby allowing * cycles to be made. */ static bool check_for_nsfs_mounts(struct mount *subtree) { struct mount *p; bool ret = false; lock_mount_hash(); for (p = subtree; p; p = next_mnt(p, subtree)) if (mnt_ns_loop(p->mnt.mnt_root)) goto out; ret = true; out: unlock_mount_hash(); return ret; } static int do_move_mount(struct path *old_path, struct path *new_path) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct mount *p; struct mount *old; struct mount *parent; struct mountpoint *mp, *old_mp; int err; bool attached; mp = lock_mount(new_path); if (IS_ERR(mp)) return PTR_ERR(mp); old = real_mount(old_path->mnt); p = real_mount(new_path->mnt); parent = old->mnt_parent; attached = mnt_has_parent(old); old_mp = old->mnt_mp; ns = old->mnt_ns; err = -EINVAL; /* The mountpoint must be in our namespace. */ if (!check_mnt(p)) goto out; /* The thing moved must be mounted... */ if (!is_mounted(&old->mnt)) goto out; /* ... and either ours or the root of anon namespace */ if (!(attached ? check_mnt(old) : is_anon_ns(ns))) goto out; if (old->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) goto out; if (old_path->dentry != old_path->mnt->mnt_root) goto out; if (d_is_dir(new_path->dentry) != d_is_dir(old_path->dentry)) goto out; /* * Don't move a mount residing in a shared parent. */ if (attached && IS_MNT_SHARED(parent)) goto out; /* * Don't move a mount tree containing unbindable mounts to a destination * mount which is shared. */ if (IS_MNT_SHARED(p) && tree_contains_unbindable(old)) goto out; err = -ELOOP; if (!check_for_nsfs_mounts(old)) goto out; for (; mnt_has_parent(p); p = p->mnt_parent) if (p == old) goto out; err = attach_recursive_mnt(old, real_mount(new_path->mnt), mp, attached); if (err) goto out; /* if the mount is moved, it should no longer be expire * automatically */ list_del_init(&old->mnt_expire); if (attached) put_mountpoint(old_mp); out: unlock_mount(mp); if (!err) { if (attached) mntput_no_expire(parent); else free_mnt_ns(ns); } return err; } static int do_move_mount_old(struct path *path, const char *old_name) { struct path old_path; int err; if (!old_name || !*old_name) return -EINVAL; err = kern_path(old_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &old_path); if (err) return err; err = do_move_mount(&old_path, path); path_put(&old_path); return err; } /* * add a mount into a namespace's mount tree */ static int do_add_mount(struct mount *newmnt, struct mountpoint *mp, struct path *path, int mnt_flags) { struct mount *parent = real_mount(path->mnt); mnt_flags &= ~MNT_INTERNAL_FLAGS; if (unlikely(!check_mnt(parent))) { /* that's acceptable only for automounts done in private ns */ if (!(mnt_flags & MNT_SHRINKABLE)) return -EINVAL; /* ... and for those we'd better have mountpoint still alive */ if (!parent->mnt_ns) return -EINVAL; } /* Refuse the same filesystem on the same mount point */ if (path->mnt->mnt_sb == newmnt->mnt.mnt_sb && path->mnt->mnt_root == path->dentry) return -EBUSY; if (d_is_symlink(newmnt->mnt.mnt_root)) return -EINVAL; newmnt->mnt.mnt_flags = mnt_flags; return graft_tree(newmnt, parent, mp); } static bool mount_too_revealing(const struct super_block *sb, int *new_mnt_flags); /* * Create a new mount using a superblock configuration and request it * be added to the namespace tree. */ static int do_new_mount_fc(struct fs_context *fc, struct path *mountpoint, unsigned int mnt_flags) { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct mountpoint *mp; struct super_block *sb = fc->root->d_sb; int error; error = security_sb_kern_mount(sb); if (!error && mount_too_revealing(sb, &mnt_flags)) error = -EPERM; if (unlikely(error)) { fc_drop_locked(fc); return error; } up_write(&sb->s_umount); mnt = vfs_create_mount(fc); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) return PTR_ERR(mnt); mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(mountpoint, mnt); mp = lock_mount(mountpoint); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { mntput(mnt); return PTR_ERR(mp); } error = do_add_mount(real_mount(mnt), mp, mountpoint, mnt_flags); unlock_mount(mp); if (error < 0) mntput(mnt); return error; } /* * create a new mount for userspace and request it to be added into the * namespace's tree */ static int do_new_mount(struct path *path, const char *fstype, int sb_flags, int mnt_flags, const char *name, void *data) { struct file_system_type *type; struct fs_context *fc; const char *subtype = NULL; int err = 0; if (!fstype) return -EINVAL; type = get_fs_type(fstype); if (!type) return -ENODEV; if (type->fs_flags & FS_HAS_SUBTYPE) { subtype = strchr(fstype, '.'); if (subtype) { subtype++; if (!*subtype) { put_filesystem(type); return -EINVAL; } } } fc = fs_context_for_mount(type, sb_flags); put_filesystem(type); if (IS_ERR(fc)) return PTR_ERR(fc); if (subtype) err = vfs_parse_fs_string(fc, "subtype", subtype, strlen(subtype)); if (!err && name) err = vfs_parse_fs_string(fc, "source", name, strlen(name)); if (!err) err = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, data); if (!err && !mount_capable(fc)) err = -EPERM; if (!err) err = vfs_get_tree(fc); if (!err) err = do_new_mount_fc(fc, path, mnt_flags); put_fs_context(fc); return err; } int finish_automount(struct vfsmount *m, struct path *path) { struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; struct mountpoint *mp; struct mount *mnt; int err; if (!m) return 0; if (IS_ERR(m)) return PTR_ERR(m); mnt = real_mount(m); /* The new mount record should have at least 2 refs to prevent it being * expired before we get a chance to add it */ BUG_ON(mnt_get_count(mnt) < 2); if (m->mnt_sb == path->mnt->mnt_sb && m->mnt_root == dentry) { err = -ELOOP; goto discard; } /* * we don't want to use lock_mount() - in this case finding something * that overmounts our mountpoint to be means "quitely drop what we've * got", not "try to mount it on top". */ inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); namespace_lock(); if (unlikely(cant_mount(dentry))) { err = -ENOENT; goto discard_locked; } rcu_read_lock(); if (unlikely(__lookup_mnt(path->mnt, dentry))) { rcu_read_unlock(); err = 0; goto discard_locked; } rcu_read_unlock(); mp = get_mountpoint(dentry); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { err = PTR_ERR(mp); goto discard_locked; } err = do_add_mount(mnt, mp, path, path->mnt->mnt_flags | MNT_SHRINKABLE); unlock_mount(mp); if (unlikely(err)) goto discard; mntput(m); return 0; discard_locked: namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); discard: /* remove m from any expiration list it may be on */ if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_expire)) { namespace_lock(); list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_expire); namespace_unlock(); } mntput(m); mntput(m); return err; } /** * mnt_set_expiry - Put a mount on an expiration list * @mnt: The mount to list. * @expiry_list: The list to add the mount to. */ void mnt_set_expiry(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct list_head *expiry_list) { namespace_lock(); list_add_tail(&real_mount(mnt)->mnt_expire, expiry_list); namespace_unlock(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mnt_set_expiry); /* * process a list of expirable mountpoints with the intent of discarding any * mountpoints that aren't in use and haven't been touched since last we came * here */ void mark_mounts_for_expiry(struct list_head *mounts) { struct mount *mnt, *next; LIST_HEAD(graveyard); if (list_empty(mounts)) return; namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); /* extract from the expiration list every vfsmount that matches the * following criteria: * - only referenced by its parent vfsmount * - still marked for expiry (marked on the last call here; marks are * cleared by mntput()) */ list_for_each_entry_safe(mnt, next, mounts, mnt_expire) { if (!xchg(&mnt->mnt_expiry_mark, 1) || propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 1)) continue; list_move(&mnt->mnt_expire, &graveyard); } while (!list_empty(&graveyard)) { mnt = list_first_entry(&graveyard, struct mount, mnt_expire); touch_mnt_namespace(mnt->mnt_ns); umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC); } unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mark_mounts_for_expiry); /* * Ripoff of 'select_parent()' * * search the list of submounts for a given mountpoint, and move any * shrinkable submounts to the 'graveyard' list. */ static int select_submounts(struct mount *parent, struct list_head *graveyard) { struct mount *this_parent = parent; struct list_head *next; int found = 0; repeat: next = this_parent->mnt_mounts.next; resume: while (next != &this_parent->mnt_mounts) { struct list_head *tmp = next; struct mount *mnt = list_entry(tmp, struct mount, mnt_child); next = tmp->next; if (!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_SHRINKABLE)) continue; /* * Descend a level if the d_mounts list is non-empty. */ if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_mounts)) { this_parent = mnt; goto repeat; } if (!propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 1)) { list_move_tail(&mnt->mnt_expire, graveyard); found++; } } /* * All done at this level ... ascend and resume the search */ if (this_parent != parent) { next = this_parent->mnt_child.next; this_parent = this_parent->mnt_parent; goto resume; } return found; } /* * process a list of expirable mountpoints with the intent of discarding any * submounts of a specific parent mountpoint * * mount_lock must be held for write */ static void shrink_submounts(struct mount *mnt) { LIST_HEAD(graveyard); struct mount *m; /* extract submounts of 'mountpoint' from the expiration list */ while (select_submounts(mnt, &graveyard)) { while (!list_empty(&graveyard)) { m = list_first_entry(&graveyard, struct mount, mnt_expire); touch_mnt_namespace(m->mnt_ns); umount_tree(m, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC); } } } static void *copy_mount_options(const void __user * data) { char *copy; unsigned left, offset; if (!data) return NULL; copy = kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL); if (!copy) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); left = copy_from_user(copy, data, PAGE_SIZE); /* * Not all architectures have an exact copy_from_user(). Resort to * byte at a time. */ offset = PAGE_SIZE - left; while (left) { char c; if (get_user(c, (const char __user *)data + offset)) break; copy[offset] = c; left--; offset++; } if (left == PAGE_SIZE) { kfree(copy); return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); } return copy; } static char *copy_mount_string(const void __user *data) { return data ? strndup_user(data, PATH_MAX) : NULL; } /* * Flags is a 32-bit value that allows up to 31 non-fs dependent flags to * be given to the mount() call (ie: read-only, no-dev, no-suid etc). * * data is a (void *) that can point to any structure up to * PAGE_SIZE-1 bytes, which can contain arbitrary fs-dependent * information (or be NULL). * * Pre-0.97 versions of mount() didn't have a flags word. * When the flags word was introduced its top half was required * to have the magic value 0xC0ED, and this remained so until 2.4.0-test9. * Therefore, if this magic number is present, it carries no information * and must be discarded. */ int path_mount(const char *dev_name, struct path *path, const char *type_page, unsigned long flags, void *data_page) { unsigned int mnt_flags = 0, sb_flags; int ret; /* Discard magic */ if ((flags & MS_MGC_MSK) == MS_MGC_VAL) flags &= ~MS_MGC_MSK; /* Basic sanity checks */ if (data_page) ((char *)data_page)[PAGE_SIZE - 1] = 0; if (flags & MS_NOUSER) return -EINVAL; ret = security_sb_mount(dev_name, path, type_page, flags, data_page); if (ret) return ret; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if ((flags & SB_MANDLOCK) && !may_mandlock()) return -EPERM; /* Default to relatime unless overriden */ if (!(flags & MS_NOATIME)) mnt_flags |= MNT_RELATIME; /* Separate the per-mountpoint flags */ if (flags & MS_NOSUID) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOSUID; if (flags & MS_NODEV) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODEV; if (flags & MS_NOEXEC) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOEXEC; if (flags & MS_NOATIME) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOATIME; if (flags & MS_NODIRATIME) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODIRATIME; if (flags & MS_STRICTATIME) mnt_flags &= ~(MNT_RELATIME | MNT_NOATIME); if (flags & MS_RDONLY) mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY; if (flags & MS_NOSYMFOLLOW) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOSYMFOLLOW; /* The default atime for remount is preservation */ if ((flags & MS_REMOUNT) && ((flags & (MS_NOATIME | MS_NODIRATIME | MS_RELATIME | MS_STRICTATIME)) == 0)) { mnt_flags &= ~MNT_ATIME_MASK; mnt_flags |= path->mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK; } sb_flags = flags & (SB_RDONLY | SB_SYNCHRONOUS | SB_MANDLOCK | SB_DIRSYNC | SB_SILENT | SB_POSIXACL | SB_LAZYTIME | SB_I_VERSION); if ((flags & (MS_REMOUNT | MS_BIND)) == (MS_REMOUNT | MS_BIND)) return do_reconfigure_mnt(path, mnt_flags); if (flags & MS_REMOUNT) return do_remount(path, flags, sb_flags, mnt_flags, data_page); if (flags & MS_BIND) return do_loopback(path, dev_name, flags & MS_REC); if (flags & (MS_SHARED | MS_PRIVATE | MS_SLAVE | MS_UNBINDABLE)) return do_change_type(path, flags); if (flags & MS_MOVE) return do_move_mount_old(path, dev_name); return do_new_mount(path, type_page, sb_flags, mnt_flags, dev_name, data_page); } long do_mount(const char *dev_name, const char __user *dir_name, const char *type_page, unsigned long flags, void *data_page) { struct path path; int ret; ret = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, dir_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &path); if (ret) return ret; ret = path_mount(dev_name, &path, type_page, flags, data_page); path_put(&path); return ret; } static struct ucounts *inc_mnt_namespaces(struct user_namespace *ns) { return inc_ucount(ns, current_euid(), UCOUNT_MNT_NAMESPACES); } static void dec_mnt_namespaces(struct ucounts *ucounts) { dec_ucount(ucounts, UCOUNT_MNT_NAMESPACES); } static void free_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (!is_anon_ns(ns)) ns_free_inum(&ns->ns); dec_mnt_namespaces(ns->ucounts); put_user_ns(ns->user_ns); kfree(ns); } /* * Assign a sequence number so we can detect when we attempt to bind * mount a reference to an older mount namespace into the current * mount namespace, preventing reference counting loops. A 64bit * number incrementing at 10Ghz will take 12,427 years to wrap which * is effectively never, so we can ignore the possibility. */ static atomic64_t mnt_ns_seq = ATOMIC64_INIT(1); static struct mnt_namespace *alloc_mnt_ns(struct user_namespace *user_ns, bool anon) { struct mnt_namespace *new_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; int ret; ucounts = inc_mnt_namespaces(user_ns); if (!ucounts) return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC); new_ns = kzalloc(sizeof(struct mnt_namespace), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_ns) { dec_mnt_namespaces(ucounts); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } if (!anon) { ret = ns_alloc_inum(&new_ns->ns); if (ret) { kfree(new_ns); dec_mnt_namespaces(ucounts); return ERR_PTR(ret); } } new_ns->ns.ops = &mntns_operations; if (!anon) new_ns->seq = atomic64_add_return(1, &mnt_ns_seq); atomic_set(&new_ns->count, 1); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new_ns->list); init_waitqueue_head(&new_ns->poll); spin_lock_init(&new_ns->ns_lock); new_ns->user_ns = get_user_ns(user_ns); new_ns->ucounts = ucounts; return new_ns; } __latent_entropy struct mnt_namespace *copy_mnt_ns(unsigned long flags, struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct fs_struct *new_fs) { struct mnt_namespace *new_ns; struct vfsmount *rootmnt = NULL, *pwdmnt = NULL; struct mount *p, *q; struct mount *old; struct mount *new; int copy_flags; BUG_ON(!ns); if (likely(!(flags & CLONE_NEWNS))) { get_mnt_ns(ns); return ns; } old = ns->root; new_ns = alloc_mnt_ns(user_ns, false); if (IS_ERR(new_ns)) return new_ns; namespace_lock(); /* First pass: copy the tree topology */ copy_flags = CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE | CL_EXPIRE; if (user_ns != ns->user_ns) copy_flags |= CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE; new = copy_tree(old, old->mnt.mnt_root, copy_flags); if (IS_ERR(new)) { namespace_unlock(); free_mnt_ns(new_ns); return ERR_CAST(new); } if (user_ns != ns->user_ns) { lock_mount_hash(); lock_mnt_tree(new); unlock_mount_hash(); } new_ns->root = new; list_add_tail(&new_ns->list, &new->mnt_list); /* * Second pass: switch the tsk->fs->* elements and mark new vfsmounts * as belonging to new namespace. We have already acquired a private * fs_struct, so tsk->fs->lock is not needed. */ p = old; q = new; while (p) { q->mnt_ns = new_ns; new_ns->mounts++; if (new_fs) { if (&p->mnt == new_fs->root.mnt) { new_fs->root.mnt = mntget(&q->mnt); rootmnt = &p->mnt; } if (&p->mnt == new_fs->pwd.mnt) { new_fs->pwd.mnt = mntget(&q->mnt); pwdmnt = &p->mnt; } } p = next_mnt(p, old); q = next_mnt(q, new); if (!q) break; while (p->mnt.mnt_root != q->mnt.mnt_root) p = next_mnt(p, old); } namespace_unlock(); if (rootmnt) mntput(rootmnt); if (pwdmnt) mntput(pwdmnt); return new_ns; } struct dentry *mount_subtree(struct vfsmount *m, const char *name) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m); struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct super_block *s; struct path path; int err; ns = alloc_mnt_ns(&init_user_ns, true); if (IS_ERR(ns)) { mntput(m); return ERR_CAST(ns); } mnt->mnt_ns = ns; ns->root = mnt; ns->mounts++; list_add(&mnt->mnt_list, &ns->list); err = vfs_path_lookup(m->mnt_root, m, name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT, &path); put_mnt_ns(ns); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); /* trade a vfsmount reference for active sb one */ s = path.mnt->mnt_sb; atomic_inc(&s->s_active); mntput(path.mnt); /* lock the sucker */ down_write(&s->s_umount); /* ... and return the root of (sub)tree on it */ return path.dentry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mount_subtree); SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mount, char __user *, dev_name, char __user *, dir_name, char __user *, type, unsigned long, flags, void __user *, data) { int ret; char *kernel_type; char *kernel_dev; void *options; kernel_type = copy_mount_string(type); ret = PTR_ERR(kernel_type); if (IS_ERR(kernel_type)) goto out_type; kernel_dev = copy_mount_string(dev_name); ret = PTR_ERR(kernel_dev); if (IS_ERR(kernel_dev)) goto out_dev; options = copy_mount_options(data); ret = PTR_ERR(options); if (IS_ERR(options)) goto out_data; ret = do_mount(kernel_dev, dir_name, kernel_type, flags, options); kfree(options); out_data: kfree(kernel_dev); out_dev: kfree(kernel_type); out_type: return ret; } /* * Create a kernel mount representation for a new, prepared superblock * (specified by fs_fd) and attach to an open_tree-like file descriptor. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(fsmount, int, fs_fd, unsigned int, flags, unsigned int, attr_flags) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct fs_context *fc; struct file *file; struct path newmount; struct mount *mnt; struct fd f; unsigned int mnt_flags = 0; long ret; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if ((flags & ~(FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC)) != 0) return -EINVAL; if (attr_flags & ~(MOUNT_ATTR_RDONLY | MOUNT_ATTR_NOSUID | MOUNT_ATTR_NODEV | MOUNT_ATTR_NOEXEC | MOUNT_ATTR__ATIME | MOUNT_ATTR_NODIRATIME)) return -EINVAL; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_RDONLY) mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NOSUID) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOSUID; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NODEV) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODEV; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NOEXEC) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOEXEC; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NODIRATIME) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODIRATIME; switch (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR__ATIME) { case MOUNT_ATTR_STRICTATIME: break; case MOUNT_ATTR_NOATIME: mnt_flags |= MNT_NOATIME; break; case MOUNT_ATTR_RELATIME: mnt_flags |= MNT_RELATIME; break; default: return -EINVAL; } f = fdget(fs_fd); if (!f.file) return -EBADF; ret = -EINVAL; if (f.file->f_op != &fscontext_fops) goto err_fsfd; fc = f.file->private_data; ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&fc->uapi_mutex); if (ret < 0) goto err_fsfd; /* There must be a valid superblock or we can't mount it */ ret = -EINVAL; if (!fc->root) goto err_unlock; ret = -EPERM; if (mount_too_revealing(fc->root->d_sb, &mnt_flags)) { pr_warn("VFS: Mount too revealing\n"); goto err_unlock; } ret = -EBUSY; if (fc->phase != FS_CONTEXT_AWAITING_MOUNT) goto err_unlock; ret = -EPERM; if ((fc->sb_flags & SB_MANDLOCK) && !may_mandlock()) goto err_unlock; newmount.mnt = vfs_create_mount(fc); if (IS_ERR(newmount.mnt)) { ret = PTR_ERR(newmount.mnt); goto err_unlock; } newmount.dentry = dget(fc->root); newmount.mnt->mnt_flags = mnt_flags; /* We've done the mount bit - now move the file context into more or * less the same state as if we'd done an fspick(). We don't want to * do any memory allocation or anything like that at this point as we * don't want to have to handle any errors incurred. */ vfs_clean_context(fc); ns = alloc_mnt_ns(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns, true); if (IS_ERR(ns)) { ret = PTR_ERR(ns); goto err_path; } mnt = real_mount(newmount.mnt); mnt->mnt_ns = ns; ns->root = mnt; ns->mounts = 1; list_add(&mnt->mnt_list, &ns->list); mntget(newmount.mnt); /* Attach to an apparent O_PATH fd with a note that we need to unmount * it, not just simply put it. */ file = dentry_open(&newmount, O_PATH, fc->cred); if (IS_ERR(file)) { dissolve_on_fput(newmount.mnt); ret = PTR_ERR(file); goto err_path; } file->f_mode |= FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT; ret = get_unused_fd_flags((flags & FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC) ? O_CLOEXEC : 0); if (ret >= 0) fd_install(ret, file); else fput(file); err_path: path_put(&newmount); err_unlock: mutex_unlock(&fc->uapi_mutex); err_fsfd: fdput(f); return ret; } /* * Move a mount from one place to another. In combination with * fsopen()/fsmount() this is used to install a new mount and in combination * with open_tree(OPEN_TREE_CLONE [| AT_RECURSIVE]) it can be used to copy * a mount subtree. * * Note the flags value is a combination of MOVE_MOUNT_* flags. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(move_mount, int, from_dfd, const char __user *, from_pathname, int, to_dfd, const char __user *, to_pathname, unsigned int, flags) { struct path from_path, to_path; unsigned int lflags; int ret = 0; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if (flags & ~MOVE_MOUNT__MASK) return -EINVAL; /* If someone gives a pathname, they aren't permitted to move * from an fd that requires unmount as we can't get at the flag * to clear it afterwards. */ lflags = 0; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_F_SYMLINKS) lflags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_F_AUTOMOUNTS) lflags |= LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_F_EMPTY_PATH) lflags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; ret = user_path_at(from_dfd, from_pathname, lflags, &from_path); if (ret < 0) return ret; lflags = 0; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_T_SYMLINKS) lflags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_T_AUTOMOUNTS) lflags |= LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_T_EMPTY_PATH) lflags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; ret = user_path_at(to_dfd, to_pathname, lflags, &to_path); if (ret < 0) goto out_from; ret = security_move_mount(&from_path, &to_path); if (ret < 0) goto out_to; ret = do_move_mount(&from_path, &to_path); out_to: path_put(&to_path); out_from: path_put(&from_path); return ret; } /* * Return true if path is reachable from root * * namespace_sem or mount_lock is held */ bool is_path_reachable(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry, const struct path *root) { while (&mnt->mnt != root->mnt && mnt_has_parent(mnt)) { dentry = mnt->mnt_mountpoint; mnt = mnt->mnt_parent; } return &mnt->mnt == root->mnt && is_subdir(dentry, root->dentry); } bool path_is_under(const struct path *path1, const struct path *path2) { bool res; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); res = is_path_reachable(real_mount(path1->mnt), path1->dentry, path2); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_is_under); /* * pivot_root Semantics: * Moves the root file system of the current process to the directory put_old, * makes new_root as the new root file system of the current process, and sets * root/cwd of all processes which had them on the current root to new_root. * * Restrictions: * The new_root and put_old must be directories, and must not be on the * same file system as the current process root. The put_old must be * underneath new_root, i.e. adding a non-zero number of /.. to the string * pointed to by put_old must yield the same directory as new_root. No other * file system may be mounted on put_old. After all, new_root is a mountpoint. * * Also, the current root cannot be on the 'rootfs' (initial ramfs) filesystem. * See Documentation/filesystems/ramfs-rootfs-initramfs.rst for alternatives * in this situation. * * Notes: * - we don't move root/cwd if they are not at the root (reason: if something * cared enough to change them, it's probably wrong to force them elsewhere) * - it's okay to pick a root that isn't the root of a file system, e.g. * /nfs/my_root where /nfs is the mount point. It must be a mountpoint, * though, so you may need to say mount --bind /nfs/my_root /nfs/my_root * first. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(pivot_root, const char __user *, new_root, const char __user *, put_old) { struct path new, old, root; struct mount *new_mnt, *root_mnt, *old_mnt, *root_parent, *ex_parent; struct mountpoint *old_mp, *root_mp; int error; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, new_root, LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &new); if (error) goto out0; error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, put_old, LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &old); if (error) goto out1; error = security_sb_pivotroot(&old, &new); if (error) goto out2; get_fs_root(current->fs, &root); old_mp = lock_mount(&old); error = PTR_ERR(old_mp); if (IS_ERR(old_mp)) goto out3; error = -EINVAL; new_mnt = real_mount(new.mnt); root_mnt = real_mount(root.mnt); old_mnt = real_mount(old.mnt); ex_parent = new_mnt->mnt_parent; root_parent = root_mnt->mnt_parent; if (IS_MNT_SHARED(old_mnt) || IS_MNT_SHARED(ex_parent) || IS_MNT_SHARED(root_parent)) goto out4; if (!check_mnt(root_mnt) || !check_mnt(new_mnt)) goto out4; if (new_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) goto out4; error = -ENOENT; if (d_unlinked(new.dentry)) goto out4; error = -EBUSY; if (new_mnt == root_mnt || old_mnt == root_mnt) goto out4; /* loop, on the same file system */ error = -EINVAL; if (root.mnt->mnt_root != root.dentry) goto out4; /* not a mountpoint */ if (!mnt_has_parent(root_mnt)) goto out4; /* not attached */ if (new.mnt->mnt_root != new.dentry) goto out4; /* not a mountpoint */ if (!mnt_has_parent(new_mnt)) goto out4; /* not attached */ /* make sure we can reach put_old from new_root */ if (!is_path_reachable(old_mnt, old.dentry, &new)) goto out4; /* make certain new is below the root */ if (!is_path_reachable(new_mnt, new.dentry, &root)) goto out4; lock_mount_hash(); umount_mnt(new_mnt); root_mp = unhash_mnt(root_mnt); /* we'll need its mountpoint */ if (root_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) { new_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCKED; root_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED; } /* mount old root on put_old */ attach_mnt(root_mnt, old_mnt, old_mp); /* mount new_root on / */ attach_mnt(new_mnt, root_parent, root_mp); mnt_add_count(root_parent, -1); touch_mnt_namespace(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns); /* A moved mount should not expire automatically */ list_del_init(&new_mnt->mnt_expire); put_mountpoint(root_mp); unlock_mount_hash(); chroot_fs_refs(&root, &new); error = 0; out4: unlock_mount(old_mp); if (!error) mntput_no_expire(ex_parent); out3: path_put(&root); out2: path_put(&old); out1: path_put(&new); out0: return error; } static void __init init_mount_tree(void) { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct mount *m; struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct path root; mnt = vfs_kern_mount(&rootfs_fs_type, 0, "rootfs", NULL); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) panic("Can't create rootfs"); ns = alloc_mnt_ns(&init_user_ns, false); if (IS_ERR(ns)) panic("Can't allocate initial namespace"); m = real_mount(mnt); m->mnt_ns = ns; ns->root = m; ns->mounts = 1; list_add(&m->mnt_list, &ns->list); init_task.nsproxy->mnt_ns = ns; get_mnt_ns(ns); root.mnt = mnt; root.dentry = mnt->mnt_root; mnt->mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCKED; set_fs_pwd(current->fs, &root); set_fs_root(current->fs, &root); } void __init mnt_init(void) { int err; mnt_cache = kmem_cache_create("mnt_cache", sizeof(struct mount), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC, NULL); mount_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Mount-cache", sizeof(struct hlist_head), mhash_entries, 19, HASH_ZERO, &m_hash_shift, &m_hash_mask, 0, 0); mountpoint_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Mountpoint-cache", sizeof(struct hlist_head), mphash_entries, 19, HASH_ZERO, &mp_hash_shift, &mp_hash_mask, 0, 0); if (!mount_hashtable || !mountpoint_hashtable) panic("Failed to allocate mount hash table\n"); kernfs_init(); err = sysfs_init(); if (err) printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: sysfs_init error: %d\n", __func__, err); fs_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("fs", NULL); if (!fs_kobj) printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: kobj create error\n", __func__); shmem_init(); init_rootfs(); init_mount_tree(); } void put_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&ns->count)) return; drop_collected_mounts(&ns->root->mnt); free_mnt_ns(ns); } struct vfsmount *kern_mount(struct file_system_type *type) { struct vfsmount *mnt; mnt = vfs_kern_mount(type, SB_KERNMOUNT, type->name, NULL); if (!IS_ERR(mnt)) { /* * it is a longterm mount, don't release mnt until * we unmount before file sys is unregistered */ real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns = MNT_NS_INTERNAL; } return mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kern_mount); void kern_unmount(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* release long term mount so mount point can be released */ if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(mnt)) { real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns = NULL; synchronize_rcu(); /* yecchhh... */ mntput(mnt); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_unmount); void kern_unmount_array(struct vfsmount *mnt[], unsigned int num) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (mnt[i]) real_mount(mnt[i])->mnt_ns = NULL; synchronize_rcu_expedited(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) mntput(mnt[i]); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_unmount_array); bool our_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt) { return check_mnt(real_mount(mnt)); } bool current_chrooted(void) { /* Does the current process have a non-standard root */ struct path ns_root; struct path fs_root; bool chrooted; /* Find the namespace root */ ns_root.mnt = &current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->root->mnt; ns_root.dentry = ns_root.mnt->mnt_root; path_get(&ns_root); while (d_mountpoint(ns_root.dentry) && follow_down_one(&ns_root)) ; get_fs_root(current->fs, &fs_root); chrooted = !path_equal(&fs_root, &ns_root); path_put(&fs_root); path_put(&ns_root); return chrooted; } static bool mnt_already_visible(struct mnt_namespace *ns, const struct super_block *sb, int *new_mnt_flags) { int new_flags = *new_mnt_flags; struct mount *mnt; bool visible = false; down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_ns_list(ns); list_for_each_entry(mnt, &ns->list, mnt_list) { struct mount *child; int mnt_flags; if (mnt_is_cursor(mnt)) continue; if (mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_type != sb->s_type) continue; /* This mount is not fully visible if it's root directory * is not the root directory of the filesystem. */ if (mnt->mnt.mnt_root != mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_root) continue; /* A local view of the mount flags */ mnt_flags = mnt->mnt.mnt_flags; /* Don't miss readonly hidden in the superblock flags */ if (sb_rdonly(mnt->mnt.mnt_sb)) mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCK_READONLY; /* Verify the mount flags are equal to or more permissive * than the proposed new mount. */ if ((mnt_flags & MNT_LOCK_READONLY) && !(new_flags & MNT_READONLY)) continue; if ((mnt_flags & MNT_LOCK_ATIME) && ((mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK) != (new_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK))) continue; /* This mount is not fully visible if there are any * locked child mounts that cover anything except for * empty directories. */ list_for_each_entry(child, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { struct inode *inode = child->mnt_mountpoint->d_inode; /* Only worry about locked mounts */ if (!(child->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED)) continue; /* Is the directory permanetly empty? */ if (!is_empty_dir_inode(inode)) goto next; } /* Preserve the locked attributes */ *new_mnt_flags |= mnt_flags & (MNT_LOCK_READONLY | \ MNT_LOCK_ATIME); visible = true; goto found; next: ; } found: unlock_ns_list(ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); return visible; } static bool mount_too_revealing(const struct super_block *sb, int *new_mnt_flags) { const unsigned long required_iflags = SB_I_NOEXEC | SB_I_NODEV; struct mnt_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns; unsigned long s_iflags; if (ns->user_ns == &init_user_ns) return false; /* Can this filesystem be too revealing? */ s_iflags = sb->s_iflags; if (!(s_iflags & SB_I_USERNS_VISIBLE)) return false; if ((s_iflags & required_iflags) != required_iflags) { WARN_ONCE(1, "Expected s_iflags to contain 0x%lx\n", required_iflags); return true; } return !mnt_already_visible(ns, sb, new_mnt_flags); } bool mnt_may_suid(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* * Foreign mounts (accessed via fchdir or through /proc * symlinks) are always treated as if they are nosuid. This * prevents namespaces from trusting potentially unsafe * suid/sgid bits, file caps, or security labels that originate * in other namespaces. */ return !(mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NOSUID) && check_mnt(real_mount(mnt)) && current_in_userns(mnt->mnt_sb->s_user_ns); } static struct ns_common *mntns_get(struct task_struct *task) { struct ns_common *ns = NULL; struct nsproxy *nsproxy; task_lock(task); nsproxy = task->nsproxy; if (nsproxy) { ns = &nsproxy->mnt_ns->ns; get_mnt_ns(to_mnt_ns(ns)); } task_unlock(task); return ns; } static void mntns_put(struct ns_common *ns) { put_mnt_ns(to_mnt_ns(ns)); } static int mntns_install(struct nsset *nsset, struct ns_common *ns) { struct nsproxy *nsproxy = nsset->nsproxy; struct fs_struct *fs = nsset->fs; struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns = to_mnt_ns(ns), *old_mnt_ns; struct user_namespace *user_ns = nsset->cred->user_ns; struct path root; int err; if (!ns_capable(mnt_ns->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN) || !ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_CHROOT) || !ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; if (is_anon_ns(mnt_ns)) return -EINVAL; if (fs->users != 1) return -EINVAL; get_mnt_ns(mnt_ns); old_mnt_ns = nsproxy->mnt_ns; nsproxy->mnt_ns = mnt_ns; /* Find the root */ err = vfs_path_lookup(mnt_ns->root->mnt.mnt_root, &mnt_ns->root->mnt, "/", LOOKUP_DOWN, &root); if (err) { /* revert to old namespace */ nsproxy->mnt_ns = old_mnt_ns; put_mnt_ns(mnt_ns); return err; } put_mnt_ns(old_mnt_ns); /* Update the pwd and root */ set_fs_pwd(fs, &root); set_fs_root(fs, &root); path_put(&root); return 0; } static struct user_namespace *mntns_owner(struct ns_common *ns) { return to_mnt_ns(ns)->user_ns; } const struct proc_ns_operations mntns_operations = { .name = "mnt", .type = CLONE_NEWNS, .get = mntns_get, .put = mntns_put, .install = mntns_install, .owner = mntns_owner, };
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6622 6623 6624 6625 6626 6627 6628 6629 6630 6631 6632 6633 6634 6635 6636 6637 6638 6639 6640 6641 6642 6643 6644 6645 6646 6647 6648 6649 6650 6651 6652 6653 6654 6655 6656 6657 6658 6659 6660 6661 6662 6663 6664 6665 6666 6667 6668 6669 6670 6671 6672 6673 6674 6675 6676 6677 6678 6679 6680 6681 6682 6683 6684 6685 6686 6687 6688 6689 6690 6691 6692 6693 6694 6695 6696 6697 6698 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * mac80211 <-> driver interface * * Copyright 2002-2005, Devicescape Software, Inc. * Copyright 2006-2007 Jiri Benc <jbenc@suse.cz> * Copyright 2007-2010 Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net> * Copyright 2013-2014 Intel Mobile Communications GmbH * Copyright (C) 2015 - 2017 Intel Deutschland GmbH * Copyright (C) 2018 - 2020 Intel Corporation */ #ifndef MAC80211_H #define MAC80211_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/if_ether.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/ieee80211.h> #include <net/cfg80211.h> #include <net/codel.h> #include <net/ieee80211_radiotap.h> #include <asm/unaligned.h> /** * DOC: Introduction * * mac80211 is the Linux stack for 802.11 hardware that implements * only partial functionality in hard- or firmware. This document * defines the interface between mac80211 and low-level hardware * drivers. */ /** * DOC: Calling mac80211 from interrupts * * Only ieee80211_tx_status_irqsafe() and ieee80211_rx_irqsafe() can be * called in hardware interrupt context. The low-level driver must not call any * other functions in hardware interrupt context. If there is a need for such * call, the low-level driver should first ACK the interrupt and perform the * IEEE 802.11 code call after this, e.g. from a scheduled workqueue or even * tasklet function. * * NOTE: If the driver opts to use the _irqsafe() functions, it may not also * use the non-IRQ-safe functions! */ /** * DOC: Warning * * If you're reading this document and not the header file itself, it will * be incomplete because not all documentation has been converted yet. */ /** * DOC: Frame format * * As a general rule, when frames are passed between mac80211 and the driver, * they start with the IEEE 802.11 header and include the same octets that are * sent over the air except for the FCS which should be calculated by the * hardware. * * There are, however, various exceptions to this rule for advanced features: * * The first exception is for hardware encryption and decryption offload * where the IV/ICV may or may not be generated in hardware. * * Secondly, when the hardware handles fragmentation, the frame handed to * the driver from mac80211 is the MSDU, not the MPDU. */ /** * DOC: mac80211 workqueue * * mac80211 provides its own workqueue for drivers and internal mac80211 use. * The workqueue is a single threaded workqueue and can only be accessed by * helpers for sanity checking. Drivers must ensure all work added onto the * mac80211 workqueue should be cancelled on the driver stop() callback. * * mac80211 will flushed the workqueue upon interface removal and during * suspend. * * All work performed on the mac80211 workqueue must not acquire the RTNL lock. * */ /** * DOC: mac80211 software tx queueing * * mac80211 provides an optional intermediate queueing implementation designed * to allow the driver to keep hardware queues short and provide some fairness * between different stations/interfaces. * In this model, the driver pulls data frames from the mac80211 queue instead * of letting mac80211 push them via drv_tx(). * Other frames (e.g. control or management) are still pushed using drv_tx(). * * Drivers indicate that they use this model by implementing the .wake_tx_queue * driver operation. * * Intermediate queues (struct ieee80211_txq) are kept per-sta per-tid, with * another per-sta for non-data/non-mgmt and bufferable management frames, and * a single per-vif queue for multicast data frames. * * The driver is expected to initialize its private per-queue data for stations * and interfaces in the .add_interface and .sta_add ops. * * The driver can't access the queue directly. To dequeue a frame from a * txq, it calls ieee80211_tx_dequeue(). Whenever mac80211 adds a new frame to a * queue, it calls the .wake_tx_queue driver op. * * Drivers can optionally delegate responsibility for scheduling queues to * mac80211, to take advantage of airtime fairness accounting. In this case, to * obtain the next queue to pull frames from, the driver calls * ieee80211_next_txq(). The driver is then expected to return the txq using * ieee80211_return_txq(). * * For AP powersave TIM handling, the driver only needs to indicate if it has * buffered packets in the driver specific data structures by calling * ieee80211_sta_set_buffered(). For frames buffered in the ieee80211_txq * struct, mac80211 sets the appropriate TIM PVB bits and calls * .release_buffered_frames(). * In that callback the driver is therefore expected to release its own * buffered frames and afterwards also frames from the ieee80211_txq (obtained * via the usual ieee80211_tx_dequeue). */ struct device; /** * enum ieee80211_max_queues - maximum number of queues * * @IEEE80211_MAX_QUEUES: Maximum number of regular device queues. * @IEEE80211_MAX_QUEUE_MAP: bitmap with maximum queues set */ enum ieee80211_max_queues { IEEE80211_MAX_QUEUES = 16, IEEE80211_MAX_QUEUE_MAP = BIT(IEEE80211_MAX_QUEUES) - 1, }; #define IEEE80211_INVAL_HW_QUEUE 0xff /** * enum ieee80211_ac_numbers - AC numbers as used in mac80211 * @IEEE80211_AC_VO: voice * @IEEE80211_AC_VI: video * @IEEE80211_AC_BE: best effort * @IEEE80211_AC_BK: background */ enum ieee80211_ac_numbers { IEEE80211_AC_VO = 0, IEEE80211_AC_VI = 1, IEEE80211_AC_BE = 2, IEEE80211_AC_BK = 3, }; /** * struct ieee80211_tx_queue_params - transmit queue configuration * * The information provided in this structure is required for QoS * transmit queue configuration. Cf. IEEE 802.11 7.3.2.29. * * @aifs: arbitration interframe space [0..255] * @cw_min: minimum contention window [a value of the form * 2^n-1 in the range 1..32767] * @cw_max: maximum contention window [like @cw_min] * @txop: maximum burst time in units of 32 usecs, 0 meaning disabled * @acm: is mandatory admission control required for the access category * @uapsd: is U-APSD mode enabled for the queue * @mu_edca: is the MU EDCA configured * @mu_edca_param_rec: MU EDCA Parameter Record for HE */ struct ieee80211_tx_queue_params { u16 txop; u16 cw_min; u16 cw_max; u8 aifs; bool acm; bool uapsd; bool mu_edca; struct ieee80211_he_mu_edca_param_ac_rec mu_edca_param_rec; }; struct ieee80211_low_level_stats { unsigned int dot11ACKFailureCount; unsigned int dot11RTSFailureCount; unsigned int dot11FCSErrorCount; unsigned int dot11RTSSuccessCount; }; /** * enum ieee80211_chanctx_change - change flag for channel context * @IEEE80211_CHANCTX_CHANGE_WIDTH: The channel width changed * @IEEE80211_CHANCTX_CHANGE_RX_CHAINS: The number of RX chains changed * @IEEE80211_CHANCTX_CHANGE_RADAR: radar detection flag changed * @IEEE80211_CHANCTX_CHANGE_CHANNEL: switched to another operating channel, * this is used only with channel switching with CSA * @IEEE80211_CHANCTX_CHANGE_MIN_WIDTH: The min required channel width changed */ enum ieee80211_chanctx_change { IEEE80211_CHANCTX_CHANGE_WIDTH = BIT(0), IEEE80211_CHANCTX_CHANGE_RX_CHAINS = BIT(1), IEEE80211_CHANCTX_CHANGE_RADAR = BIT(2), IEEE80211_CHANCTX_CHANGE_CHANNEL = BIT(3), IEEE80211_CHANCTX_CHANGE_MIN_WIDTH = BIT(4), }; /** * struct ieee80211_chanctx_conf - channel context that vifs may be tuned to * * This is the driver-visible part. The ieee80211_chanctx * that contains it is visible in mac80211 only. * * @def: the channel definition * @min_def: the minimum channel definition currently required. * @rx_chains_static: The number of RX chains that must always be * active on the channel to receive MIMO transmissions * @rx_chains_dynamic: The number of RX chains that must be enabled * after RTS/CTS handshake to receive SMPS MIMO transmissions; * this will always be >= @rx_chains_static. * @radar_enabled: whether radar detection is enabled on this channel. * @drv_priv: data area for driver use, will always be aligned to * sizeof(void *), size is determined in hw information. */ struct ieee80211_chanctx_conf { struct cfg80211_chan_def def; struct cfg80211_chan_def min_def; u8 rx_chains_static, rx_chains_dynamic; bool radar_enabled; u8 drv_priv[] __aligned(sizeof(void *)); }; /** * enum ieee80211_chanctx_switch_mode - channel context switch mode * @CHANCTX_SWMODE_REASSIGN_VIF: Both old and new contexts already * exist (and will continue to exist), but the virtual interface * needs to be switched from one to the other. * @CHANCTX_SWMODE_SWAP_CONTEXTS: The old context exists but will stop * to exist with this call, the new context doesn't exist but * will be active after this call, the virtual interface switches * from the old to the new (note that the driver may of course * implement this as an on-the-fly chandef switch of the existing * hardware context, but the mac80211 pointer for the old context * will cease to exist and only the new one will later be used * for changes/removal.) */ enum ieee80211_chanctx_switch_mode { CHANCTX_SWMODE_REASSIGN_VIF, CHANCTX_SWMODE_SWAP_CONTEXTS, }; /** * struct ieee80211_vif_chanctx_switch - vif chanctx switch information * * This is structure is used to pass information about a vif that * needs to switch from one chanctx to another. The * &ieee80211_chanctx_switch_mode defines how the switch should be * done. * * @vif: the vif that should be switched from old_ctx to new_ctx * @old_ctx: the old context to which the vif was assigned * @new_ctx: the new context to which the vif must be assigned */ struct ieee80211_vif_chanctx_switch { struct ieee80211_vif *vif; struct ieee80211_chanctx_conf *old_ctx; struct ieee80211_chanctx_conf *new_ctx; }; /** * enum ieee80211_bss_change - BSS change notification flags * * These flags are used with the bss_info_changed() callback * to indicate which BSS parameter changed. * * @BSS_CHANGED_ASSOC: association status changed (associated/disassociated), * also implies a change in the AID. * @BSS_CHANGED_ERP_CTS_PROT: CTS protection changed * @BSS_CHANGED_ERP_PREAMBLE: preamble changed * @BSS_CHANGED_ERP_SLOT: slot timing changed * @BSS_CHANGED_HT: 802.11n parameters changed * @BSS_CHANGED_BASIC_RATES: Basic rateset changed * @BSS_CHANGED_BEACON_INT: Beacon interval changed * @BSS_CHANGED_BSSID: BSSID changed, for whatever * reason (IBSS and managed mode) * @BSS_CHANGED_BEACON: Beacon data changed, retrieve * new beacon (beaconing modes) * @BSS_CHANGED_BEACON_ENABLED: Beaconing should be * enabled/disabled (beaconing modes) * @BSS_CHANGED_CQM: Connection quality monitor config changed * @BSS_CHANGED_IBSS: IBSS join status changed * @BSS_CHANGED_ARP_FILTER: Hardware ARP filter address list or state changed. * @BSS_CHANGED_QOS: QoS for this association was enabled/disabled. Note * that it is only ever disabled for station mode. * @BSS_CHANGED_IDLE: Idle changed for this BSS/interface. * @BSS_CHANGED_SSID: SSID changed for this BSS (AP and IBSS mode) * @BSS_CHANGED_AP_PROBE_RESP: Probe Response changed for this BSS (AP mode) * @BSS_CHANGED_PS: PS changed for this BSS (STA mode) * @BSS_CHANGED_TXPOWER: TX power setting changed for this interface * @BSS_CHANGED_P2P_PS: P2P powersave settings (CTWindow, opportunistic PS) * changed * @BSS_CHANGED_BEACON_INFO: Data from the AP's beacon became available: * currently dtim_period only is under consideration. * @BSS_CHANGED_BANDWIDTH: The bandwidth used by this interface changed, * note that this is only called when it changes after the channel * context had been assigned. * @BSS_CHANGED_OCB: OCB join status changed * @BSS_CHANGED_MU_GROUPS: VHT MU-MIMO group id or user position changed * @BSS_CHANGED_KEEP_ALIVE: keep alive options (idle period or protected * keep alive) changed. * @BSS_CHANGED_MCAST_RATE: Multicast Rate setting changed for this interface * @BSS_CHANGED_FTM_RESPONDER: fine timing measurement request responder * functionality changed for this BSS (AP mode). * @BSS_CHANGED_TWT: TWT status changed * @BSS_CHANGED_HE_OBSS_PD: OBSS Packet Detection status changed. * @BSS_CHANGED_HE_BSS_COLOR: BSS Color has changed * @BSS_CHANGED_FILS_DISCOVERY: FILS discovery status changed. * @BSS_CHANGED_UNSOL_BCAST_PROBE_RESP: Unsolicited broadcast probe response * status changed. * */ enum ieee80211_bss_change { BSS_CHANGED_ASSOC = 1<<0, BSS_CHANGED_ERP_CTS_PROT = 1<<1, BSS_CHANGED_ERP_PREAMBLE = 1<<2, BSS_CHANGED_ERP_SLOT = 1<<3, BSS_CHANGED_HT = 1<<4, BSS_CHANGED_BASIC_RATES = 1<<5, BSS_CHANGED_BEACON_INT = 1<<6, BSS_CHANGED_BSSID = 1<<7, BSS_CHANGED_BEACON = 1<<8, BSS_CHANGED_BEACON_ENABLED = 1<<9, BSS_CHANGED_CQM = 1<<10, BSS_CHANGED_IBSS = 1<<11, BSS_CHANGED_ARP_FILTER = 1<<12, BSS_CHANGED_QOS = 1<<13, BSS_CHANGED_IDLE = 1<<14, BSS_CHANGED_SSID = 1<<15, BSS_CHANGED_AP_PROBE_RESP = 1<<16, BSS_CHANGED_PS = 1<<17, BSS_CHANGED_TXPOWER = 1<<18, BSS_CHANGED_P2P_PS = 1<<19, BSS_CHANGED_BEACON_INFO = 1<<20, BSS_CHANGED_BANDWIDTH = 1<<21, BSS_CHANGED_OCB = 1<<22, BSS_CHANGED_MU_GROUPS = 1<<23, BSS_CHANGED_KEEP_ALIVE = 1<<24, BSS_CHANGED_MCAST_RATE = 1<<25, BSS_CHANGED_FTM_RESPONDER = 1<<26, BSS_CHANGED_TWT = 1<<27, BSS_CHANGED_HE_OBSS_PD = 1<<28, BSS_CHANGED_HE_BSS_COLOR = 1<<29, BSS_CHANGED_FILS_DISCOVERY = 1<<30, BSS_CHANGED_UNSOL_BCAST_PROBE_RESP = 1<<31, /* when adding here, make sure to change ieee80211_reconfig */ }; /* * The maximum number of IPv4 addresses listed for ARP filtering. If the number * of addresses for an interface increase beyond this value, hardware ARP * filtering will be disabled. */ #define IEEE80211_BSS_ARP_ADDR_LIST_LEN 4 /** * enum ieee80211_event_type - event to be notified to the low level driver * @RSSI_EVENT: AP's rssi crossed the a threshold set by the driver. * @MLME_EVENT: event related to MLME * @BAR_RX_EVENT: a BAR was received * @BA_FRAME_TIMEOUT: Frames were released from the reordering buffer because * they timed out. This won't be called for each frame released, but only * once each time the timeout triggers. */ enum ieee80211_event_type { RSSI_EVENT, MLME_EVENT, BAR_RX_EVENT, BA_FRAME_TIMEOUT, }; /** * enum ieee80211_rssi_event_data - relevant when event type is %RSSI_EVENT * @RSSI_EVENT_HIGH: AP's rssi went below the threshold set by the driver. * @RSSI_EVENT_LOW: AP's rssi went above the threshold set by the driver. */ enum ieee80211_rssi_event_data { RSSI_EVENT_HIGH, RSSI_EVENT_LOW, }; /** * struct ieee80211_rssi_event - data attached to an %RSSI_EVENT * @data: See &enum ieee80211_rssi_event_data */ struct ieee80211_rssi_event { enum ieee80211_rssi_event_data data; }; /** * enum ieee80211_mlme_event_data - relevant when event type is %MLME_EVENT * @AUTH_EVENT: the MLME operation is authentication * @ASSOC_EVENT: the MLME operation is association * @DEAUTH_RX_EVENT: deauth received.. * @DEAUTH_TX_EVENT: deauth sent. */ enum ieee80211_mlme_event_data { AUTH_EVENT, ASSOC_EVENT, DEAUTH_RX_EVENT, DEAUTH_TX_EVENT, }; /** * enum ieee80211_mlme_event_status - relevant when event type is %MLME_EVENT * @MLME_SUCCESS: the MLME operation completed successfully. * @MLME_DENIED: the MLME operation was denied by the peer. * @MLME_TIMEOUT: the MLME operation timed out. */ enum ieee80211_mlme_event_status { MLME_SUCCESS, MLME_DENIED, MLME_TIMEOUT, }; /** * struct ieee80211_mlme_event - data attached to an %MLME_EVENT * @data: See &enum ieee80211_mlme_event_data * @status: See &enum ieee80211_mlme_event_status * @reason: the reason code if applicable */ struct ieee80211_mlme_event { enum ieee80211_mlme_event_data data; enum ieee80211_mlme_event_status status; u16 reason; }; /** * struct ieee80211_ba_event - data attached for BlockAck related events * @sta: pointer to the &ieee80211_sta to which this event relates * @tid: the tid * @ssn: the starting sequence number (for %BAR_RX_EVENT) */ struct ieee80211_ba_event { struct ieee80211_sta *sta; u16 tid; u16 ssn; }; /** * struct ieee80211_event - event to be sent to the driver * @type: The event itself. See &enum ieee80211_event_type. * @rssi: relevant if &type is %RSSI_EVENT * @mlme: relevant if &type is %AUTH_EVENT * @ba: relevant if &type is %BAR_RX_EVENT or %BA_FRAME_TIMEOUT * @u:union holding the fields above */ struct ieee80211_event { enum ieee80211_event_type type; union { struct ieee80211_rssi_event rssi; struct ieee80211_mlme_event mlme; struct ieee80211_ba_event ba; } u; }; /** * struct ieee80211_mu_group_data - STA's VHT MU-MIMO group data * * This structure describes the group id data of VHT MU-MIMO * * @membership: 64 bits array - a bit is set if station is member of the group * @position: 2 bits per group id indicating the position in the group */ struct ieee80211_mu_group_data { u8 membership[WLAN_MEMBERSHIP_LEN]; u8 position[WLAN_USER_POSITION_LEN]; }; /** * struct ieee80211_ftm_responder_params - FTM responder parameters * * @lci: LCI subelement content * @civicloc: CIVIC location subelement content * @lci_len: LCI data length * @civicloc_len: Civic data length */ struct ieee80211_ftm_responder_params { const u8 *lci; const u8 *civicloc; size_t lci_len; size_t civicloc_len; }; /** * struct ieee80211_fils_discovery - FILS discovery parameters from * IEEE Std 802.11ai-2016, Annex C.3 MIB detail. * * @min_interval: Minimum packet interval in TUs (0 - 10000) * @max_interval: Maximum packet interval in TUs (0 - 10000) */ struct ieee80211_fils_discovery { u32 min_interval; u32 max_interval; }; /** * struct ieee80211_bss_conf - holds the BSS's changing parameters * * This structure keeps information about a BSS (and an association * to that BSS) that can change during the lifetime of the BSS. * * @htc_trig_based_pkt_ext: default PE in 4us units, if BSS supports HE * @multi_sta_back_32bit: supports BA bitmap of 32-bits in Multi-STA BACK * @uora_exists: is the UORA element advertised by AP * @ack_enabled: indicates support to receive a multi-TID that solicits either * ACK, BACK or both * @uora_ocw_range: UORA element's OCW Range field * @frame_time_rts_th: HE duration RTS threshold, in units of 32us * @he_support: does this BSS support HE * @twt_requester: does this BSS support TWT requester (relevant for managed * mode only, set if the AP advertises TWT responder role) * @twt_responder: does this BSS support TWT requester (relevant for managed * mode only, set if the AP advertises TWT responder role) * @twt_protected: does this BSS support protected TWT frames * @assoc: association status * @ibss_joined: indicates whether this station is part of an IBSS * or not * @ibss_creator: indicates if a new IBSS network is being created * @aid: association ID number, valid only when @assoc is true * @use_cts_prot: use CTS protection * @use_short_preamble: use 802.11b short preamble * @use_short_slot: use short slot time (only relevant for ERP) * @dtim_period: num of beacons before the next DTIM, for beaconing, * valid in station mode only if after the driver was notified * with the %BSS_CHANGED_BEACON_INFO flag, will be non-zero then. * @sync_tsf: last beacon's/probe response's TSF timestamp (could be old * as it may have been received during scanning long ago). If the * HW flag %IEEE80211_HW_TIMING_BEACON_ONLY is set, then this can * only come from a beacon, but might not become valid until after * association when a beacon is received (which is notified with the * %BSS_CHANGED_DTIM flag.). See also sync_dtim_count important notice. * @sync_device_ts: the device timestamp corresponding to the sync_tsf, * the driver/device can use this to calculate synchronisation * (see @sync_tsf). See also sync_dtim_count important notice. * @sync_dtim_count: Only valid when %IEEE80211_HW_TIMING_BEACON_ONLY * is requested, see @sync_tsf/@sync_device_ts. * IMPORTANT: These three sync_* parameters would possibly be out of sync * by the time the driver will use them. The synchronized view is currently * guaranteed only in certain callbacks. * @beacon_int: beacon interval * @assoc_capability: capabilities taken from assoc resp * @basic_rates: bitmap of basic rates, each bit stands for an * index into the rate table configured by the driver in * the current band. * @beacon_rate: associated AP's beacon TX rate * @mcast_rate: per-band multicast rate index + 1 (0: disabled) * @bssid: The BSSID for this BSS * @enable_beacon: whether beaconing should be enabled or not * @chandef: Channel definition for this BSS -- the hardware might be * configured a higher bandwidth than this BSS uses, for example. * @mu_group: VHT MU-MIMO group membership data * @ht_operation_mode: HT operation mode like in &struct ieee80211_ht_operation. * This field is only valid when the channel is a wide HT/VHT channel. * Note that with TDLS this can be the case (channel is HT, protection must * be used from this field) even when the BSS association isn't using HT. * @cqm_rssi_thold: Connection quality monitor RSSI threshold, a zero value * implies disabled. As with the cfg80211 callback, a change here should * cause an event to be sent indicating where the current value is in * relation to the newly configured threshold. * @cqm_rssi_low: Connection quality monitor RSSI lower threshold, a zero value * implies disabled. This is an alternative mechanism to the single * threshold event and can't be enabled simultaneously with it. * @cqm_rssi_high: Connection quality monitor RSSI upper threshold. * @cqm_rssi_hyst: Connection quality monitor RSSI hysteresis * @arp_addr_list: List of IPv4 addresses for hardware ARP filtering. The * may filter ARP queries targeted for other addresses than listed here. * The driver must allow ARP queries targeted for all address listed here * to pass through. An empty list implies no ARP queries need to pass. * @arp_addr_cnt: Number of addresses currently on the list. Note that this * may be larger than %IEEE80211_BSS_ARP_ADDR_LIST_LEN (the arp_addr_list * array size), it's up to the driver what to do in that case. * @qos: This is a QoS-enabled BSS. * @idle: This interface is idle. There's also a global idle flag in the * hardware config which may be more appropriate depending on what * your driver/device needs to do. * @ps: power-save mode (STA only). This flag is NOT affected by * offchannel/dynamic_ps operations. * @ssid: The SSID of the current vif. Valid in AP and IBSS mode. * @ssid_len: Length of SSID given in @ssid. * @hidden_ssid: The SSID of the current vif is hidden. Only valid in AP-mode. * @txpower: TX power in dBm. INT_MIN means not configured. * @txpower_type: TX power adjustment used to control per packet Transmit * Power Control (TPC) in lower driver for the current vif. In particular * TPC is enabled if value passed in %txpower_type is * NL80211_TX_POWER_LIMITED (allow using less than specified from * userspace), whereas TPC is disabled if %txpower_type is set to * NL80211_TX_POWER_FIXED (use value configured from userspace) * @p2p_noa_attr: P2P NoA attribute for P2P powersave * @allow_p2p_go_ps: indication for AP or P2P GO interface, whether it's allowed * to use P2P PS mechanism or not. AP/P2P GO is not allowed to use P2P PS * if it has associated clients without P2P PS support. * @max_idle_period: the time period during which the station can refrain from * transmitting frames to its associated AP without being disassociated. * In units of 1000 TUs. Zero value indicates that the AP did not include * a (valid) BSS Max Idle Period Element. * @protected_keep_alive: if set, indicates that the station should send an RSN * protected frame to the AP to reset the idle timer at the AP for the * station. * @ftm_responder: whether to enable or disable fine timing measurement FTM * responder functionality. * @ftmr_params: configurable lci/civic parameter when enabling FTM responder. * @nontransmitted: this BSS is a nontransmitted BSS profile * @transmitter_bssid: the address of transmitter AP * @bssid_index: index inside the multiple BSSID set * @bssid_indicator: 2^bssid_indicator is the maximum number of APs in set * @ema_ap: AP supports enhancements of discovery and advertisement of * nontransmitted BSSIDs * @profile_periodicity: the least number of beacon frames need to be received * in order to discover all the nontransmitted BSSIDs in the set. * @he_oper: HE operation information of the AP we are connected to * @he_obss_pd: OBSS Packet Detection parameters. * @he_bss_color: BSS coloring settings, if BSS supports HE * @fils_discovery: FILS discovery configuration * @unsol_bcast_probe_resp_interval: Unsolicited broadcast probe response * interval. * @s1g: BSS is S1G BSS (affects Association Request format). * @beacon_tx_rate: The configured beacon transmit rate that needs to be passed * to driver when rate control is offloaded to firmware. */ struct ieee80211_bss_conf { const u8 *bssid; u8 htc_trig_based_pkt_ext; bool multi_sta_back_32bit; bool uora_exists; bool ack_enabled; u8 uora_ocw_range; u16 frame_time_rts_th; bool he_support; bool twt_requester; bool twt_responder; bool twt_protected; /* association related data */ bool assoc, ibss_joined; bool ibss_creator; u16 aid; /* erp related data */ bool use_cts_prot; bool use_short_preamble; bool use_short_slot; bool enable_beacon; u8 dtim_period; u16 beacon_int; u16 assoc_capability; u64 sync_tsf; u32 sync_device_ts; u8 sync_dtim_count; u32 basic_rates; struct ieee80211_rate *beacon_rate; int mcast_rate[NUM_NL80211_BANDS]; u16 ht_operation_mode; s32 cqm_rssi_thold; u32 cqm_rssi_hyst; s32 cqm_rssi_low; s32 cqm_rssi_high; struct cfg80211_chan_def chandef; struct ieee80211_mu_group_data mu_group; __be32 arp_addr_list[IEEE80211_BSS_ARP_ADDR_LIST_LEN]; int arp_addr_cnt; bool qos; bool idle; bool ps; u8 ssid[IEEE80211_MAX_SSID_LEN]; size_t ssid_len; bool hidden_ssid; int txpower; enum nl80211_tx_power_setting txpower_type; struct ieee80211_p2p_noa_attr p2p_noa_attr; bool allow_p2p_go_ps; u16 max_idle_period; bool protected_keep_alive; bool ftm_responder; struct ieee80211_ftm_responder_params *ftmr_params; /* Multiple BSSID data */ bool nontransmitted; u8 transmitter_bssid[ETH_ALEN]; u8 bssid_index; u8 bssid_indicator; bool ema_ap; u8 profile_periodicity; struct { u32 params; u16 nss_set; } he_oper; struct ieee80211_he_obss_pd he_obss_pd; struct cfg80211_he_bss_color he_bss_color; struct ieee80211_fils_discovery fils_discovery; u32 unsol_bcast_probe_resp_interval; bool s1g; struct cfg80211_bitrate_mask beacon_tx_rate; }; /** * enum mac80211_tx_info_flags - flags to describe transmission information/status * * These flags are used with the @flags member of &ieee80211_tx_info. * * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_REQ_TX_STATUS: require TX status callback for this frame. * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_ASSIGN_SEQ: The driver has to assign a sequence * number to this frame, taking care of not overwriting the fragment * number and increasing the sequence number only when the * IEEE80211_TX_CTL_FIRST_FRAGMENT flag is set. mac80211 will properly * assign sequence numbers to QoS-data frames but cannot do so correctly * for non-QoS-data and management frames because beacons need them from * that counter as well and mac80211 cannot guarantee proper sequencing. * If this flag is set, the driver should instruct the hardware to * assign a sequence number to the frame or assign one itself. Cf. IEEE * 802.11-2007 7.1.3.4.1 paragraph 3. This flag will always be set for * beacons and always be clear for frames without a sequence number field. * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_NO_ACK: tell the low level not to wait for an ack * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_CLEAR_PS_FILT: clear powersave filter for destination * station * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_FIRST_FRAGMENT: this is a first fragment of the frame * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_SEND_AFTER_DTIM: send this frame after DTIM beacon * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_AMPDU: this frame should be sent as part of an A-MPDU * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_INJECTED: Frame was injected, internal to mac80211. * @IEEE80211_TX_STAT_TX_FILTERED: The frame was not transmitted * because the destination STA was in powersave mode. Note that to * avoid race conditions, the filter must be set by the hardware or * firmware upon receiving a frame that indicates that the station * went to sleep (must be done on device to filter frames already on * the queue) and may only be unset after mac80211 gives the OK for * that by setting the IEEE80211_TX_CTL_CLEAR_PS_FILT (see above), * since only then is it guaranteed that no more frames are in the * hardware queue. * @IEEE80211_TX_STAT_ACK: Frame was acknowledged * @IEEE80211_TX_STAT_AMPDU: The frame was aggregated, so status * is for the whole aggregation. * @IEEE80211_TX_STAT_AMPDU_NO_BACK: no block ack was returned, * so consider using block ack request (BAR). * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_RATE_CTRL_PROBE: internal to mac80211, can be * set by rate control algorithms to indicate probe rate, will * be cleared for fragmented frames (except on the last fragment) * @IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_OFFCHAN_TX_OK: Internal to mac80211. Used to indicate * that a frame can be transmitted while the queues are stopped for * off-channel operation. * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_HW_80211_ENCAP: This frame uses hardware encapsulation * (header conversion) * @IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_RETRIED: completely internal to mac80211, * used to indicate that a frame was already retried due to PS * @IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_DONT_ENCRYPT: completely internal to mac80211, * used to indicate frame should not be encrypted * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_NO_PS_BUFFER: This frame is a response to a poll * frame (PS-Poll or uAPSD) or a non-bufferable MMPDU and must * be sent although the station is in powersave mode. * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_MORE_FRAMES: More frames will be passed to the * transmit function after the current frame, this can be used * by drivers to kick the DMA queue only if unset or when the * queue gets full. * @IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_RETRANSMISSION: This frame is being retransmitted * after TX status because the destination was asleep, it must not * be modified again (no seqno assignment, crypto, etc.) * @IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_MLME_CONN_TX: This frame was transmitted by the MLME * code for connection establishment, this indicates that its status * should kick the MLME state machine. * @IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_NL80211_FRAME_TX: Frame was requested through nl80211 * MLME command (internal to mac80211 to figure out whether to send TX * status to user space) * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_LDPC: tells the driver to use LDPC for this frame * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_STBC: Enables Space-Time Block Coding (STBC) for this * frame and selects the maximum number of streams that it can use. * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_TX_OFFCHAN: Marks this packet to be transmitted on * the off-channel channel when a remain-on-channel offload is done * in hardware -- normal packets still flow and are expected to be * handled properly by the device. * @IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_TKIP_MIC_FAILURE: Marks this packet to be used for TKIP * testing. It will be sent out with incorrect Michael MIC key to allow * TKIP countermeasures to be tested. * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_NO_CCK_RATE: This frame will be sent at non CCK rate. * This flag is actually used for management frame especially for P2P * frames not being sent at CCK rate in 2GHz band. * @IEEE80211_TX_STATUS_EOSP: This packet marks the end of service period, * when its status is reported the service period ends. For frames in * an SP that mac80211 transmits, it is already set; for driver frames * the driver may set this flag. It is also used to do the same for * PS-Poll responses. * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_USE_MINRATE: This frame will be sent at lowest rate. * This flag is used to send nullfunc frame at minimum rate when * the nullfunc is used for connection monitoring purpose. * @IEEE80211_TX_CTL_DONTFRAG: Don't fragment this packet even if it * would be fragmented by size (this is optional, only used for * monitor injection). * @IEEE80211_TX_STAT_NOACK_TRANSMITTED: A frame that was marked with * IEEE80211_TX_CTL_NO_ACK has been successfully transmitted without * any errors (like issues specific to the driver/HW). * This flag must not be set for frames that don't request no-ack * behaviour with IEEE80211_TX_CTL_NO_ACK. * * Note: If you have to add new flags to the enumeration, then don't * forget to update %IEEE80211_TX_TEMPORARY_FLAGS when necessary. */ enum mac80211_tx_info_flags { IEEE80211_TX_CTL_REQ_TX_STATUS = BIT(0), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_ASSIGN_SEQ = BIT(1), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_NO_ACK = BIT(2), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_CLEAR_PS_FILT = BIT(3), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_FIRST_FRAGMENT = BIT(4), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_SEND_AFTER_DTIM = BIT(5), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_AMPDU = BIT(6), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_INJECTED = BIT(7), IEEE80211_TX_STAT_TX_FILTERED = BIT(8), IEEE80211_TX_STAT_ACK = BIT(9), IEEE80211_TX_STAT_AMPDU = BIT(10), IEEE80211_TX_STAT_AMPDU_NO_BACK = BIT(11), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_RATE_CTRL_PROBE = BIT(12), IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_OFFCHAN_TX_OK = BIT(13), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_HW_80211_ENCAP = BIT(14), IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_RETRIED = BIT(15), IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_DONT_ENCRYPT = BIT(16), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_NO_PS_BUFFER = BIT(17), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_MORE_FRAMES = BIT(18), IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_RETRANSMISSION = BIT(19), IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_MLME_CONN_TX = BIT(20), IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_NL80211_FRAME_TX = BIT(21), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_LDPC = BIT(22), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_STBC = BIT(23) | BIT(24), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_TX_OFFCHAN = BIT(25), IEEE80211_TX_INTFL_TKIP_MIC_FAILURE = BIT(26), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_NO_CCK_RATE = BIT(27), IEEE80211_TX_STATUS_EOSP = BIT(28), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_USE_MINRATE = BIT(29), IEEE80211_TX_CTL_DONTFRAG = BIT(30), IEEE80211_TX_STAT_NOACK_TRANSMITTED = BIT(31), }; #define IEEE80211_TX_CTL_STBC_SHIFT 23 #define IEEE80211_TX_RC_S1G_MCS IEEE80211_TX_RC_VHT_MCS /** * enum mac80211_tx_control_flags - flags to describe transmit control * * @IEEE80211_TX_CTRL_PORT_CTRL_PROTO: this frame is a port control * protocol frame (e.g. EAP) * @IEEE80211_TX_CTRL_PS_RESPONSE: This frame is a response to a poll * frame (PS-Poll or uAPSD). * @IEEE80211_TX_CTRL_RATE_INJECT: This frame is injected with rate information * @IEEE80211_TX_CTRL_AMSDU: This frame is an A-MSDU frame * @IEEE80211_TX_CTRL_FAST_XMIT: This frame is going through the fast_xmit path * @IEEE80211_TX_CTRL_SKIP_MPATH_LOOKUP: This frame skips mesh path lookup * @IEEE80211_TX_INTCFL_NEED_TXPROCESSING: completely internal to mac80211, * used to indicate that a pending frame requires TX processing before * it can be sent out. * @IEEE80211_TX_CTRL_NO_SEQNO: Do not overwrite the sequence number that * has already been assigned to this frame. * * These flags are used in tx_info->control.flags. */ enum mac80211_tx_control_flags { IEEE80211_TX_CTRL_PORT_CTRL_PROTO = BIT(0), IEEE80211_TX_CTRL_PS_RESPONSE = BIT(1), IEEE80211_TX_CTRL_RATE_INJECT = BIT(2), IEEE80211_TX_CTRL_AMSDU = BIT(3), IEEE80211_TX_CTRL_FAST_XMIT = BIT(4), IEEE80211_TX_CTRL_SKIP_MPATH_LOOKUP = BIT(5), IEEE80211_TX_INTCFL_NEED_TXPROCESSING = BIT(6), IEEE80211_TX_CTRL_NO_SEQNO = BIT(7), }; /* * This definition is used as a mask to clear all temporary flags, which are * set by the tx handlers for each transmission attempt by the mac80211 stack. */ #define IEEE80211_TX_TEMPORARY_FLAGS (IEEE80211_TX_CTL_NO_ACK | \ IEEE80211_TX_CTL_CLEAR_PS_FILT | IEEE80211_TX_CTL_FIRST_FRAGMENT | \ IEEE80211_TX_CTL_SEND_AFTER_DTIM | IEEE80211_TX_CTL_AMPDU | \ IEEE80211_TX_STAT_TX_FILTERED | IEEE80211_TX_STAT_ACK | \ IEEE80211_TX_STAT_AMPDU | IEEE80211_TX_STAT_AMPDU_NO_BACK | \ IEEE80211_TX_CTL_RATE_CTRL_PROBE | IEEE80211_TX_CTL_NO_PS_BUFFER | \ IEEE80211_TX_CTL_MORE_FRAMES | IEEE80211_TX_CTL_LDPC | \ IEEE80211_TX_CTL_STBC | IEEE80211_TX_STATUS_EOSP) /** * enum mac80211_rate_control_flags - per-rate flags set by the * Rate Control algorithm. * * These flags are set by the Rate control algorithm for each rate during tx, * in the @flags member of struct ieee80211_tx_rate. * * @IEEE80211_TX_RC_USE_RTS_CTS: Use RTS/CTS exchange for this rate. * @IEEE80211_TX_RC_USE_CTS_PROTECT: CTS-to-self protection is required. * This is set if the current BSS requires ERP protection. * @IEEE80211_TX_RC_USE_SHORT_PREAMBLE: Use short preamble. * @IEEE80211_TX_RC_MCS: HT rate. * @IEEE80211_TX_RC_VHT_MCS: VHT MCS rate, in this case the idx field is split * into a higher 4 bits (Nss) and lower 4 bits (MCS number) * @IEEE80211_TX_RC_GREEN_FIELD: Indicates whether this rate should be used in * Greenfield mode. * @IEEE80211_TX_RC_40_MHZ_WIDTH: Indicates if the Channel Width should be 40 MHz. * @IEEE80211_TX_RC_80_MHZ_WIDTH: Indicates 80 MHz transmission * @IEEE80211_TX_RC_160_MHZ_WIDTH: Indicates 160 MHz transmission * (80+80 isn't supported yet) * @IEEE80211_TX_RC_DUP_DATA: The frame should be transmitted on both of the * adjacent 20 MHz channels, if the current channel type is * NL80211_CHAN_HT40MINUS or NL80211_CHAN_HT40PLUS. * @IEEE80211_TX_RC_SHORT_GI: Short Guard interval should be used for this rate. */ enum mac80211_rate_control_flags { IEEE80211_TX_RC_USE_RTS_CTS = BIT(0), IEEE80211_TX_RC_USE_CTS_PROTECT = BIT(1), IEEE80211_TX_RC_USE_SHORT_PREAMBLE = BIT(2), /* rate index is an HT/VHT MCS instead of an index */ IEEE80211_TX_RC_MCS = BIT(3), IEEE80211_TX_RC_GREEN_FIELD = BIT(4), IEEE80211_TX_RC_40_MHZ_WIDTH = BIT(5), IEEE80211_TX_RC_DUP_DATA = BIT(6), IEEE80211_TX_RC_SHORT_GI = BIT(7), IEEE80211_TX_RC_VHT_MCS = BIT(8), IEEE80211_TX_RC_80_MHZ_WIDTH = BIT(9), IEEE80211_TX_RC_160_MHZ_WIDTH = BIT(10), }; /* there are 40 bytes if you don't need the rateset to be kept */ #define IEEE80211_TX_INFO_DRIVER_DATA_SIZE 40 /* if you do need the rateset, then you have less space */ #define IEEE80211_TX_INFO_RATE_DRIVER_DATA_SIZE 24 /* maximum number of rate stages */ #define IEEE80211_TX_MAX_RATES 4 /* maximum number of rate table entries */ #define IEEE80211_TX_RATE_TABLE_SIZE 4 /** * struct ieee80211_tx_rate - rate selection/status * * @idx: rate index to attempt to send with * @flags: rate control flags (&enum mac80211_rate_control_flags) * @count: number of tries in this rate before going to the next rate * * A value of -1 for @idx indicates an invalid rate and, if used * in an array of retry rates, that no more rates should be tried. * * When used for transmit status reporting, the driver should * always report the rate along with the flags it used. * * &struct ieee80211_tx_info contains an array of these structs * in the control information, and it will be filled by the rate * control algorithm according to what should be sent. For example, * if this array contains, in the format { <idx>, <count> } the * information:: * * { 3, 2 }, { 2, 2 }, { 1, 4 }, { -1, 0 }, { -1, 0 } * * then this means that the frame should be transmitted * up to twice at rate 3, up to twice at rate 2, and up to four * times at rate 1 if it doesn't get acknowledged. Say it gets * acknowledged by the peer after the fifth attempt, the status * information should then contain:: * * { 3, 2 }, { 2, 2 }, { 1, 1 }, { -1, 0 } ... * * since it was transmitted twice at rate 3, twice at rate 2 * and once at rate 1 after which we received an acknowledgement. */ struct ieee80211_tx_rate { s8 idx; u16 count:5, flags:11; } __packed; #define IEEE80211_MAX_TX_RETRY 31 static inline void ieee80211_rate_set_vht(struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate, u8 mcs, u8 nss) { WARN_ON(mcs & ~0xF); WARN_ON((nss - 1) & ~0x7); rate->idx = ((nss - 1) << 4) | mcs; } static inline u8 ieee80211_rate_get_vht_mcs(const struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate) { return rate->idx & 0xF; } static inline u8 ieee80211_rate_get_vht_nss(const struct ieee80211_tx_rate *rate) { return (rate->idx >> 4) + 1; } /** * struct ieee80211_tx_info - skb transmit information * * This structure is placed in skb->cb for three uses: * (1) mac80211 TX control - mac80211 tells the driver what to do * (2) driver internal use (if applicable) * (3) TX status information - driver tells mac80211 what happened * * @flags: transmit info flags, defined above * @band: the band to transmit on (use for checking for races) * @hw_queue: HW queue to put the frame on, skb_get_queue_mapping() gives the AC * @ack_frame_id: internal frame ID for TX status, used internally * @tx_time_est: TX time estimate in units of 4us, used internally * @control: union part for control data * @control.rates: TX rates array to try * @control.rts_cts_rate_idx: rate for RTS or CTS * @control.use_rts: use RTS * @control.use_cts_prot: use RTS/CTS * @control.short_preamble: use short preamble (CCK only) * @control.skip_table: skip externally configured rate table * @control.jiffies: timestamp for expiry on powersave clients * @control.vif: virtual interface (may be NULL) * @control.hw_key: key to encrypt with (may be NULL) * @control.flags: control flags, see &enum mac80211_tx_control_flags * @control.enqueue_time: enqueue time (for iTXQs) * @driver_rates: alias to @control.rates to reserve space * @pad: padding * @rate_driver_data: driver use area if driver needs @control.rates * @status: union part for status data * @status.rates: attempted rates * @status.ack_signal: ACK signal * @status.ampdu_ack_len: AMPDU ack length * @status.ampdu_len: AMPDU length * @status.antenna: (legacy, kept only for iwlegacy) * @status.tx_time: airtime consumed for transmission; note this is only * used for WMM AC, not for airtime fairness * @status.is_valid_ack_signal: ACK signal is valid * @status.status_driver_data: driver use area * @ack: union part for pure ACK data * @ack.cookie: cookie for the ACK * @driver_data: array of driver_data pointers * @ampdu_ack_len: number of acked aggregated frames. * relevant only if IEEE80211_TX_STAT_AMPDU was set. * @ampdu_len: number of aggregated frames. * relevant only if IEEE80211_TX_STAT_AMPDU was set. * @ack_signal: signal strength of the ACK frame */ struct ieee80211_tx_info { /* common information */ u32 flags; u32 band:3, ack_frame_id:13, hw_queue:4, tx_time_est:10; /* 2 free bits */ union { struct { union { /* rate control */ struct { struct ieee80211_tx_rate rates[ IEEE80211_TX_MAX_RATES]; s8 rts_cts_rate_idx; u8 use_rts:1; u8 use_cts_prot:1; u8 short_preamble:1; u8 skip_table:1; /* 2 bytes free */ }; /* only needed before rate control */ unsigned long jiffies; }; /* NB: vif can be NULL for injected frames */ struct ieee80211_vif *vif; struct ieee80211_key_conf *hw_key; u32 flags; codel_time_t enqueue_time; } control; struct { u64 cookie; } ack; struct { struct ieee80211_tx_rate rates[IEEE80211_TX_MAX_RATES]; s32 ack_signal; u8 ampdu_ack_len; u8 ampdu_len; u8 antenna; u16 tx_time; bool is_valid_ack_signal; void *status_driver_data[19 / sizeof(void *)]; } status; struct { struct ieee80211_tx_rate driver_rates[ IEEE80211_TX_MAX_RATES]; u8 pad[4]; void *rate_driver_data[ IEEE80211_TX_INFO_RATE_DRIVER_DATA_SIZE / sizeof(void *)]; }; void *driver_data[ IEEE80211_TX_INFO_DRIVER_DATA_SIZE / sizeof(void *)]; }; }; static inline u16 ieee80211_info_set_tx_time_est(struct ieee80211_tx_info *info, u16 tx_time_est) { /* We only have 10 bits in tx_time_est, so store airtime * in increments of 4us and clamp the maximum to 2**12-1 */ info->tx_time_est = min_t(u16, tx_time_est, 4095) >> 2; return info->tx_time_est << 2; } static inline u16 ieee80211_info_get_tx_time_est(struct ieee80211_tx_info *info) { return info->tx_time_est << 2; } /** * struct ieee80211_tx_status - extended tx status info for rate control * * @sta: Station that the packet was transmitted for * @info: Basic tx status information * @skb: Packet skb (can be NULL if not provided by the driver) * @rate: The TX rate that was used when sending the packet * @free_list: list where processed skbs are stored to be free'd by the driver */ struct ieee80211_tx_status { struct ieee80211_sta *sta; struct ieee80211_tx_info *info; struct sk_buff *skb; struct rate_info *rate; struct list_head *free_list; }; /** * struct ieee80211_scan_ies - descriptors for different blocks of IEs * * This structure is used to point to different blocks of IEs in HW scan * and scheduled scan. These blocks contain the IEs passed by userspace * and the ones generated by mac80211. * * @ies: pointers to band specific IEs. * @len: lengths of band_specific IEs. * @common_ies: IEs for all bands (especially vendor specific ones) * @common_ie_len: length of the common_ies */ struct ieee80211_scan_ies { const u8 *ies[NUM_NL80211_BANDS]; size_t len[NUM_NL80211_BANDS]; const u8 *common_ies; size_t common_ie_len; }; static inline struct ieee80211_tx_info *IEEE80211_SKB_CB(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct ieee80211_tx_info *)skb->cb; } static inline struct ieee80211_rx_status *IEEE80211_SKB_RXCB(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct ieee80211_rx_status *)skb->cb; } /** * ieee80211_tx_info_clear_status - clear TX status * * @info: The &struct ieee80211_tx_info to be cleared. * * When the driver passes an skb back to mac80211, it must report * a number of things in TX status. This function clears everything * in the TX status but the rate control information (it does clear * the count since you need to fill that in anyway). * * NOTE: You can only use this function if you do NOT use * info->driver_data! Use info->rate_driver_data * instead if you need only the less space that allows. */ static inline void ieee80211_tx_info_clear_status(struct ieee80211_tx_info *info) { int i; BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct ieee80211_tx_info, status.rates) != offsetof(struct ieee80211_tx_info, control.rates)); BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct ieee80211_tx_info, status.rates) != offsetof(struct ieee80211_tx_info, driver_rates)); BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct ieee80211_tx_info, status.rates) != 8); /* clear the rate counts */ for (i = 0; i < IEEE80211_TX_MAX_RATES; i++) info->status.rates[i].count = 0; BUILD_BUG_ON( offsetof(struct ieee80211_tx_info, status.ack_signal) != 20); memset(&info->status.ampdu_ack_len, 0, sizeof(struct ieee80211_tx_info) - offsetof(struct ieee80211_tx_info, status.ampdu_ack_len)); } /** * enum mac80211_rx_flags - receive flags * * These flags are used with the @flag member of &struct ieee80211_rx_status. * @RX_FLAG_MMIC_ERROR: Michael MIC error was reported on this frame. * Use together with %RX_FLAG_MMIC_STRIPPED. * @RX_FLAG_DECRYPTED: This frame was decrypted in hardware. * @RX_FLAG_MMIC_STRIPPED: the Michael MIC is stripped off this frame, * verification has been done by the hardware. * @RX_FLAG_IV_STRIPPED: The IV and ICV are stripped from this frame. * If this flag is set, the stack cannot do any replay detection * hence the driver or hardware will have to do that. * @RX_FLAG_PN_VALIDATED: Currently only valid for CCMP/GCMP frames, this * flag indicates that the PN was verified for replay protection. * Note that this flag is also currently only supported when a frame * is also decrypted (ie. @RX_FLAG_DECRYPTED must be set) * @RX_FLAG_DUP_VALIDATED: The driver should set this flag if it did * de-duplication by itself. * @RX_FLAG_FAILED_FCS_CRC: Set this flag if the FCS check failed on * the frame. * @RX_FLAG_FAILED_PLCP_CRC: Set this flag if the PCLP check failed on * the frame. * @RX_FLAG_MACTIME_START: The timestamp passed in the RX status (@mactime * field) is valid and contains the time the first symbol of the MPDU * was received. This is useful in monitor mode and for proper IBSS * merging. * @RX_FLAG_MACTIME_END: The timestamp passed in the RX status (@mactime * field) is valid and contains the time the last symbol of the MPDU * (including FCS) was received. * @RX_FLAG_MACTIME_PLCP_START: The timestamp passed in the RX status (@mactime * field) is valid and contains the time the SYNC preamble was received. * @RX_FLAG_NO_SIGNAL_VAL: The signal strength value is not present. * Valid only for data frames (mainly A-MPDU) * @RX_FLAG_AMPDU_DETAILS: A-MPDU details are known, in particular the reference * number (@ampdu_reference) must be populated and be a distinct number for * each A-MPDU * @RX_FLAG_AMPDU_LAST_KNOWN: last subframe is known, should be set on all * subframes of a single A-MPDU * @RX_FLAG_AMPDU_IS_LAST: this subframe is the last subframe of the A-MPDU * @RX_FLAG_AMPDU_DELIM_CRC_ERROR: A delimiter CRC error has been detected * on this subframe * @RX_FLAG_AMPDU_DELIM_CRC_KNOWN: The delimiter CRC field is known (the CRC * is stored in the @ampdu_delimiter_crc field) * @RX_FLAG_MIC_STRIPPED: The mic was stripped of this packet. Decryption was * done by the hardware * @RX_FLAG_ONLY_MONITOR: Report frame only to monitor interfaces without * processing it in any regular way. * This is useful if drivers offload some frames but still want to report * them for sniffing purposes. * @RX_FLAG_SKIP_MONITOR: Process and report frame to all interfaces except * monitor interfaces. * This is useful if drivers offload some frames but still want to report * them for sniffing purposes. * @RX_FLAG_AMSDU_MORE: Some drivers may prefer to report separate A-MSDU * subframes instead of a one huge frame for performance reasons. * All, but the last MSDU from an A-MSDU should have this flag set. E.g. * if an A-MSDU has 3 frames, the first 2 must have the flag set, while * the 3rd (last) one must not have this flag set. The flag is used to * deal with retransmission/duplication recovery properly since A-MSDU * subframes share the same sequence number. Reported subframes can be * either regular MSDU or singly A-MSDUs. Subframes must not be * interleaved with other frames. * @RX_FLAG_RADIOTAP_VENDOR_DATA: This frame contains vendor-specific * radiotap data in the skb->data (before the frame) as described by * the &struct ieee80211_vendor_radiotap. * @RX_FLAG_ALLOW_SAME_PN: Allow the same PN as same packet before. * This is used for AMSDU subframes which can have the same PN as * the first subframe. * @RX_FLAG_ICV_STRIPPED: The ICV is stripped from this frame. CRC checking must * be done in the hardware. * @RX_FLAG_AMPDU_EOF_BIT: Value of the EOF bit in the A-MPDU delimiter for this * frame * @RX_FLAG_AMPDU_EOF_BIT_KNOWN: The EOF value is known * @RX_FLAG_RADIOTAP_HE: HE radiotap data is present * (&struct ieee80211_radiotap_he, mac80211 will fill in * * - DATA3_DATA_MCS * - DATA3_DATA_DCM * - DATA3_CODING * - DATA5_GI * - DATA5_DATA_BW_RU_ALLOC * - DATA6_NSTS * - DATA3_STBC * * from the RX info data, so leave those zeroed when building this data) * @RX_FLAG_RADIOTAP_HE_MU: HE MU radiotap data is present * (&struct ieee80211_radiotap_he_mu) * @RX_FLAG_RADIOTAP_LSIG: L-SIG radiotap data is present * @RX_FLAG_NO_PSDU: use the frame only for radiotap reporting, with * the "0-length PSDU" field included there. The value for it is * in &struct ieee80211_rx_status. Note that if this value isn't * known the frame shouldn't be reported. */ enum mac80211_rx_flags { RX_FLAG_MMIC_ERROR = BIT(0), RX_FLAG_DECRYPTED = BIT(1), RX_FLAG_MACTIME_PLCP_START = BIT(2), RX_FLAG_MMIC_STRIPPED = BIT(3), RX_FLAG_IV_STRIPPED = BIT(4), RX_FLAG_FAILED_FCS_CRC = BIT(5), RX_FLAG_FAILED_PLCP_CRC = BIT(6), RX_FLAG_MACTIME_START = BIT(7), RX_FLAG_NO_SIGNAL_VAL = BIT(8), RX_FLAG_AMPDU_DETAILS = BIT(9), RX_FLAG_PN_VALIDATED = BIT(10), RX_FLAG_DUP_VALIDATED = BIT(11), RX_FLAG_AMPDU_LAST_KNOWN = BIT(12), RX_FLAG_AMPDU_IS_LAST = BIT(13), RX_FLAG_AMPDU_DELIM_CRC_ERROR = BIT(14), RX_FLAG_AMPDU_DELIM_CRC_KNOWN = BIT(15), RX_FLAG_MACTIME_END = BIT(16), RX_FLAG_ONLY_MONITOR = BIT(17), RX_FLAG_SKIP_MONITOR = BIT(18), RX_FLAG_AMSDU_MORE = BIT(19), RX_FLAG_RADIOTAP_VENDOR_DATA = BIT(20), RX_FLAG_MIC_STRIPPED = BIT(21), RX_FLAG_ALLOW_SAME_PN = BIT(22), RX_FLAG_ICV_STRIPPED = BIT(23), RX_FLAG_AMPDU_EOF_BIT = BIT(24), RX_FLAG_AMPDU_EOF_BIT_KNOWN = BIT(25), RX_FLAG_RADIOTAP_HE = BIT(26), RX_FLAG_RADIOTAP_HE_MU = BIT(27), RX_FLAG_RADIOTAP_LSIG = BIT(28), RX_FLAG_NO_PSDU = BIT(29), }; /** * enum mac80211_rx_encoding_flags - MCS & bandwidth flags * * @RX_ENC_FLAG_SHORTPRE: Short preamble was used for this frame * @RX_ENC_FLAG_SHORT_GI: Short guard interval was used * @RX_ENC_FLAG_HT_GF: This frame was received in a HT-greenfield transmission, * if the driver fills this value it should add * %IEEE80211_RADIOTAP_MCS_HAVE_FMT * to @hw.radiotap_mcs_details to advertise that fact. * @RX_ENC_FLAG_LDPC: LDPC was used * @RX_ENC_FLAG_STBC_MASK: STBC 2 bit bitmask. 1 - Nss=1, 2 - Nss=2, 3 - Nss=3 * @RX_ENC_FLAG_BF: packet was beamformed */ enum mac80211_rx_encoding_flags { RX_ENC_FLAG_SHORTPRE = BIT(0), RX_ENC_FLAG_SHORT_GI = BIT(2), RX_ENC_FLAG_HT_GF = BIT(3), RX_ENC_FLAG_STBC_MASK = BIT(4) | BIT(5), RX_ENC_FLAG_LDPC = BIT(6), RX_ENC_FLAG_BF = BIT(7), }; #define RX_ENC_FLAG_STBC_SHIFT 4 enum mac80211_rx_encoding { RX_ENC_LEGACY = 0, RX_ENC_HT, RX_ENC_VHT, RX_ENC_HE, }; /** * struct ieee80211_rx_status - receive status * * The low-level driver should provide this information (the subset * supported by hardware) to the 802.11 code with each received * frame, in the skb's control buffer (cb). * * @mactime: value in microseconds of the 64-bit Time Synchronization Function * (TSF) timer when the first data symbol (MPDU) arrived at the hardware. * @boottime_ns: CLOCK_BOOTTIME timestamp the frame was received at, this is * needed only for beacons and probe responses that update the scan cache. * @device_timestamp: arbitrary timestamp for the device, mac80211 doesn't use * it but can store it and pass it back to the driver for synchronisation * @band: the active band when this frame was received * @freq: frequency the radio was tuned to when receiving this frame, in MHz * This field must be set for management frames, but isn't strictly needed * for data (other) frames - for those it only affects radiotap reporting. * @freq_offset: @freq has a positive offset of 500Khz. * @signal: signal strength when receiving this frame, either in dBm, in dB or * unspecified depending on the hardware capabilities flags * @IEEE80211_HW_SIGNAL_* * @chains: bitmask of receive chains for which separate signal strength * values were filled. * @chain_signal: per-chain signal strength, in dBm (unlike @signal, doesn't * support dB or unspecified units) * @antenna: antenna used * @rate_idx: index of data rate into band's supported rates or MCS index if * HT or VHT is used (%RX_FLAG_HT/%RX_FLAG_VHT) * @nss: number of streams (VHT and HE only) * @flag: %RX_FLAG_\* * @encoding: &enum mac80211_rx_encoding * @bw: &enum rate_info_bw * @enc_flags: uses bits from &enum mac80211_rx_encoding_flags * @he_ru: HE RU, from &enum nl80211_he_ru_alloc * @he_gi: HE GI, from &enum nl80211_he_gi * @he_dcm: HE DCM value * @rx_flags: internal RX flags for mac80211 * @ampdu_reference: A-MPDU reference number, must be a different value for * each A-MPDU but the same for each subframe within one A-MPDU * @ampdu_delimiter_crc: A-MPDU delimiter CRC * @zero_length_psdu_type: radiotap type of the 0-length PSDU */ struct ieee80211_rx_status { u64 mactime; u64 boottime_ns; u32 device_timestamp; u32 ampdu_reference; u32 flag; u16 freq: 13, freq_offset: 1; u8 enc_flags; u8 encoding:2, bw:3, he_ru:3; u8 he_gi:2, he_dcm:1; u8 rate_idx; u8 nss; u8 rx_flags; u8 band; u8 antenna; s8 signal; u8 chains; s8 chain_signal[IEEE80211_MAX_CHAINS]; u8 ampdu_delimiter_crc; u8 zero_length_psdu_type; }; static inline u32 ieee80211_rx_status_to_khz(struct ieee80211_rx_status *rx_status) { return MHZ_TO_KHZ(rx_status->freq) + (rx_status->freq_offset ? 500 : 0); } /** * struct ieee80211_vendor_radiotap - vendor radiotap data information * @present: presence bitmap for this vendor namespace * (this could be extended in the future if any vendor needs more * bits, the radiotap spec does allow for that) * @align: radiotap vendor namespace alignment. This defines the needed * alignment for the @data field below, not for the vendor namespace * description itself (which has a fixed 2-byte alignment) * Must be a power of two, and be set to at least 1! * @oui: radiotap vendor namespace OUI * @subns: radiotap vendor sub namespace * @len: radiotap vendor sub namespace skip length, if alignment is done * then that's added to this, i.e. this is only the length of the * @data field. * @pad: number of bytes of padding after the @data, this exists so that * the skb data alignment can be preserved even if the data has odd * length * @data: the actual vendor namespace data * * This struct, including the vendor data, goes into the skb->data before * the 802.11 header. It's split up in mac80211 using the align/oui/subns * data. */ struct ieee80211_vendor_radiotap { u32 present; u8 align; u8 oui[3]; u8 subns; u8 pad; u16 len; u8 data[]; } __packed; /** * enum ieee80211_conf_flags - configuration flags * * Flags to define PHY configuration options * * @IEEE80211_CONF_MONITOR: there's a monitor interface present -- use this * to determine for example whether to calculate timestamps for packets * or not, do not use instead of filter flags! * @IEEE80211_CONF_PS: Enable 802.11 power save mode (managed mode only). * This is the power save mode defined by IEEE 802.11-2007 section 11.2, * meaning that the hardware still wakes up for beacons, is able to * transmit frames and receive the possible acknowledgment frames. * Not to be confused with hardware specific wakeup/sleep states, * driver is responsible for that. See the section "Powersave support" * for more. * @IEEE80211_CONF_IDLE: The device is running, but idle; if the flag is set * the driver should be prepared to handle configuration requests but * may turn the device off as much as possible. Typically, this flag will * be set when an interface is set UP but not associated or scanning, but * it can also be unset in that case when monitor interfaces are active. * @IEEE80211_CONF_OFFCHANNEL: The device is currently not on its main * operating channel. */ enum ieee80211_conf_flags { IEEE80211_CONF_MONITOR = (1<<0), IEEE80211_CONF_PS = (1<<1), IEEE80211_CONF_IDLE = (1<<2), IEEE80211_CONF_OFFCHANNEL = (1<<3), }; /** * enum ieee80211_conf_changed - denotes which configuration changed * * @IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_LISTEN_INTERVAL: the listen interval changed * @IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_MONITOR: the monitor flag changed * @IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_PS: the PS flag or dynamic PS timeout changed * @IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_POWER: the TX power changed * @IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_CHANNEL: the channel/channel_type changed * @IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_RETRY_LIMITS: retry limits changed * @IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_IDLE: Idle flag changed * @IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_SMPS: Spatial multiplexing powersave mode changed * Note that this is only valid if channel contexts are not used, * otherwise each channel context has the number of chains listed. */ enum ieee80211_conf_changed { IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_SMPS = BIT(1), IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_LISTEN_INTERVAL = BIT(2), IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_MONITOR = BIT(3), IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_PS = BIT(4), IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_POWER = BIT(5), IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_CHANNEL = BIT(6), IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_RETRY_LIMITS = BIT(7), IEEE80211_CONF_CHANGE_IDLE = BIT(8), }; /** * enum ieee80211_smps_mode - spatial multiplexing power save mode * * @IEEE80211_SMPS_AUTOMATIC: automatic * @IEEE80211_SMPS_OFF: off * @IEEE80211_SMPS_STATIC: static * @IEEE80211_SMPS_DYNAMIC: dynamic * @IEEE80211_SMPS_NUM_MODES: internal, don't use */ enum ieee80211_smps_mode { IEEE80211_SMPS_AUTOMATIC, IEEE80211_SMPS_OFF, IEEE80211_SMPS_STATIC, IEEE80211_SMPS_DYNAMIC, /* keep last */ IEEE80211_SMPS_NUM_MODES, }; /** * struct ieee80211_conf - configuration of the device * * This struct indicates how the driver shall configure the hardware. * * @flags: configuration flags defined above * * @listen_interval: listen interval in units of beacon interval * @ps_dtim_period: The DTIM period of the AP we're connected to, for use * in power saving. Power saving will not be enabled until a beacon * has been received and the DTIM period is known. * @dynamic_ps_timeout: The dynamic powersave timeout (in ms), see the * powersave documentation below. This variable is valid only when * the CONF_PS flag is set. * * @power_level: requested transmit power (in dBm), backward compatibility * value only that is set to the minimum of all interfaces * * @chandef: the channel definition to tune to * @radar_enabled: whether radar detection is enabled * * @long_frame_max_tx_count: Maximum number of transmissions for a "long" frame * (a frame not RTS protected), called "dot11LongRetryLimit" in 802.11, * but actually means the number of transmissions not the number of retries * @short_frame_max_tx_count: Maximum number of transmissions for a "short" * frame, called "dot11ShortRetryLimit" in 802.11, but actually means the * number of transmissions not the number of retries * * @smps_mode: spatial multiplexing powersave mode; note that * %IEEE80211_SMPS_STATIC is used when the device is not * configured for an HT channel. * Note that this is only valid if channel contexts are not used, * otherwise each channel context has the number of chains listed. */ struct ieee80211_conf { u32 flags; int power_level, dynamic_ps_timeout; u16 listen_interval; u8 ps_dtim_period; u8 long_frame_max_tx_count, short_frame_max_tx_count; struct cfg80211_chan_def chandef; bool radar_enabled; enum ieee80211_smps_mode smps_mode; }; /** * struct ieee80211_channel_switch - holds the channel switch data * * The information provided in this structure is required for channel switch * operation. * * @timestamp: value in microseconds of the 64-bit Time Synchronization * Function (TSF) timer when the frame containing the channel switch * announcement was received. This is simply the rx.mactime parameter * the driver passed into mac80211. * @device_timestamp: arbitrary timestamp for the device, this is the * rx.device_timestamp parameter the driver passed to mac80211. * @block_tx: Indicates whether transmission must be blocked before the * scheduled channel switch, as indicated by the AP. * @chandef: the new channel to switch to * @count: the number of TBTT's until the channel switch event * @delay: maximum delay between the time the AP transmitted the last beacon in * current channel and the expected time of the first beacon in the new * channel, expressed in TU. */ struct ieee80211_channel_switch { u64 timestamp; u32 device_timestamp; bool block_tx; struct cfg80211_chan_def chandef; u8 count; u32 delay; }; /** * enum ieee80211_vif_flags - virtual interface flags * * @IEEE80211_VIF_BEACON_FILTER: the device performs beacon filtering * on this virtual interface to avoid unnecessary CPU wakeups * @IEEE80211_VIF_SUPPORTS_CQM_RSSI: the device can do connection quality * monitoring on this virtual interface -- i.e. it can monitor * connection quality related parameters, such as the RSSI level and * provide notifications if configured trigger levels are reached. * @IEEE80211_VIF_SUPPORTS_UAPSD: The device can do U-APSD for this * interface. This flag should be set during interface addition, * but may be set/cleared as late as authentication to an AP. It is * only valid for managed/station mode interfaces. * @IEEE80211_VIF_GET_NOA_UPDATE: request to handle NOA attributes * and send P2P_PS notification to the driver if NOA changed, even * this is not pure P2P vif. */ enum ieee80211_vif_flags { IEEE80211_VIF_BEACON_FILTER = BIT(0), IEEE80211_VIF_SUPPORTS_CQM_RSSI = BIT(1), IEEE80211_VIF_SUPPORTS_UAPSD = BIT(2), IEEE80211_VIF_GET_NOA_UPDATE = BIT(3), }; /** * enum ieee80211_offload_flags - virtual interface offload flags * * @IEEE80211_OFFLOAD_ENCAP_ENABLED: tx encapsulation offload is enabled * The driver supports sending frames passed as 802.3 frames by mac80211. * It must also support sending 802.11 packets for the same interface. * @IEEE80211_OFFLOAD_ENCAP_4ADDR: support 4-address mode encapsulation offload */ enum ieee80211_offload_flags { IEEE80211_OFFLOAD_ENCAP_ENABLED = BIT(0), IEEE80211_OFFLOAD_ENCAP_4ADDR = BIT(1), }; /** * struct ieee80211_vif - per-interface data * * Data in this structure is continually present for driver * use during the life of a virtual interface. * * @type: type of this virtual interface * @bss_conf: BSS configuration for this interface, either our own * or the BSS we're associated to * @addr: address of this interface * @p2p: indicates whether this AP or STA interface is a p2p * interface, i.e. a GO or p2p-sta respectively * @csa_active: marks whether a channel switch is going on. Internally it is * write-protected by sdata_lock and local->mtx so holding either is fine * for read access. * @mu_mimo_owner: indicates interface owns MU-MIMO capability * @driver_flags: flags/capabilities the driver has for this interface, * these need to be set (or cleared) when the interface is added * or, if supported by the driver, the interface type is changed * at runtime, mac80211 will never touch this field * @offloaad_flags: hardware offload capabilities/flags for this interface. * These are initialized by mac80211 before calling .add_interface, * .change_interface or .update_vif_offload and updated by the driver * within these ops, based on supported features or runtime change * restrictions. * @hw_queue: hardware queue for each AC * @cab_queue: content-after-beacon (DTIM beacon really) queue, AP mode only * @chanctx_conf: The channel context this interface is assigned to, or %NULL * when it is not assigned. This pointer is RCU-protected due to the TX * path needing to access it; even though the netdev carrier will always * be off when it is %NULL there can still be races and packets could be * processed after it switches back to %NULL. * @debugfs_dir: debugfs dentry, can be used by drivers to create own per * interface debug files. Note that it will be NULL for the virtual * monitor interface (if that is requested.) * @probe_req_reg: probe requests should be reported to mac80211 for this * interface. * @rx_mcast_action_reg: multicast Action frames should be reported to mac80211 * for this interface. * @drv_priv: data area for driver use, will always be aligned to * sizeof(void \*). * @txq: the multicast data TX queue (if driver uses the TXQ abstraction) * @txqs_stopped: per AC flag to indicate that intermediate TXQs are stopped, * protected by fq->lock. * @offload_flags: 802.3 -> 802.11 enapsulation offload flags, see * &enum ieee80211_offload_flags. */ struct ieee80211_vif { enum nl80211_iftype type; struct ieee80211_bss_conf bss_conf; u8 addr[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2); bool p2p; bool csa_active; bool mu_mimo_owner; u8 cab_queue; u8 hw_queue[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; struct ieee80211_txq *txq; struct ieee80211_chanctx_conf __rcu *chanctx_conf; u32 driver_flags; u32 offload_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_DEBUGFS struct dentry *debugfs_dir; #endif bool probe_req_reg; bool rx_mcast_action_reg; bool txqs_stopped[IEEE80211_NUM_ACS]; /* must be last */ u8 drv_priv[] __aligned(sizeof(void *)); }; static inline bool ieee80211_vif_is_mesh(struct ieee80211_vif *vif) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_MESH return vif->type == NL80211_IFTYPE_MESH_POINT; #endif return false; } /** * wdev_to_ieee80211_vif - return a vif struct from a wdev * @wdev: the wdev to get the vif for * * This can be used by mac80211 drivers with direct cfg80211 APIs * (like the vendor commands) that get a wdev. * * Note that this function may return %NULL if the given wdev isn't * associated with a vif that the driver knows about (e.g. monitor * or AP_VLAN interfaces.) */ struct ieee80211_vif *wdev_to_ieee80211_vif(struct wireless_dev *wdev); /** * ieee80211_vif_to_wdev - return a wdev struct from a vif * @vif: the vif to get the wdev for * * This can be used by mac80211 drivers with direct cfg80211 APIs * (like the vendor commands) that needs to get the wdev for a vif. * * Note that this function may return %NULL if the given wdev isn't * associated with a vif that the driver knows about (e.g. monitor * or AP_VLAN interfaces.) */ struct wireless_dev *ieee80211_vif_to_wdev(struct ieee80211_vif *vif); /** * enum ieee80211_key_flags - key flags * * These flags are used for communication about keys between the driver * and mac80211, with the @flags parameter of &struct ieee80211_key_conf. * * @IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_GENERATE_IV: This flag should be set by the * driver to indicate that it requires IV generation for this * particular key. Setting this flag does not necessarily mean that SKBs * will have sufficient tailroom for ICV or MIC. * @IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_GENERATE_MMIC: This flag should be set by * the driver for a TKIP key if it requires Michael MIC * generation in software. * @IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_PAIRWISE: Set by mac80211, this flag indicates * that the key is pairwise rather then a shared key. * @IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_SW_MGMT_TX: This flag should be set by the driver for a * CCMP/GCMP key if it requires CCMP/GCMP encryption of management frames * (MFP) to be done in software. * @IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_PUT_IV_SPACE: This flag should be set by the driver * if space should be prepared for the IV, but the IV * itself should not be generated. Do not set together with * @IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_GENERATE_IV on the same key. Setting this flag does * not necessarily mean that SKBs will have sufficient tailroom for ICV or * MIC. * @IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_RX_MGMT: This key will be used to decrypt received * management frames. The flag can help drivers that have a hardware * crypto implementation that doesn't deal with management frames * properly by allowing them to not upload the keys to hardware and * fall back to software crypto. Note that this flag deals only with * RX, if your crypto engine can't deal with TX you can also set the * %IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_SW_MGMT_TX flag to encrypt such frames in SW. * @IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_GENERATE_IV_MGMT: This flag should be set by the * driver for a CCMP/GCMP key to indicate that is requires IV generation * only for management frames (MFP). * @IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_RESERVE_TAILROOM: This flag should be set by the * driver for a key to indicate that sufficient tailroom must always * be reserved for ICV or MIC, even when HW encryption is enabled. * @IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_PUT_MIC_SPACE: This flag should be set by the driver for * a TKIP key if it only requires MIC space. Do not set together with * @IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_GENERATE_MMIC on the same key. * @IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_NO_AUTO_TX: Key needs explicit Tx activation. * @IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_GENERATE_MMIE: This flag should be set by the driver * for a AES_CMAC key to indicate that it requires sequence number * generation only */ enum ieee80211_key_flags { IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_GENERATE_IV_MGMT = BIT(0), IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_GENERATE_IV = BIT(1), IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_GENERATE_MMIC = BIT(2), IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_PAIRWISE = BIT(3), IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_SW_MGMT_TX = BIT(4), IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_PUT_IV_SPACE = BIT(5), IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_RX_MGMT = BIT(6), IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_RESERVE_TAILROOM = BIT(7), IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_PUT_MIC_SPACE = BIT(8), IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_NO_AUTO_TX = BIT(9), IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_GENERATE_MMIE = BIT(10), }; /** * struct ieee80211_key_conf - key information * * This key information is given by mac80211 to the driver by * the set_key() callback in &struct ieee80211_ops. * * @hw_key_idx: To be set by the driver, this is the key index the driver * wants to be given when a frame is transmitted and needs to be * encrypted in hardware. * @cipher: The key's cipher suite selector. * @tx_pn: PN used for TX keys, may be used by the driver as well if it * needs to do software PN assignment by itself (e.g. due to TSO) * @flags: key flags, see &enum ieee80211_key_flags. * @keyidx: the key index (0-3) * @keylen: key material length * @key: key material. For ALG_TKIP the key is encoded as a 256-bit (32 byte) * data block: * - Temporal Encryption Key (128 bits) * - Temporal Authenticator Tx MIC Key (64 bits) * - Temporal Authenticator Rx MIC Key (64 bits) * @icv_len: The ICV length for this key type * @iv_len: The IV length for this key type */ struct ieee80211_key_conf { atomic64_t tx_pn; u32 cipher; u8 icv_len; u8 iv_len; u8 hw_key_idx; s8 keyidx; u16 flags; u8 keylen; u8 key[]; }; #define IEEE80211_MAX_PN_LEN 16 #define TKIP_PN_TO_IV16(pn) ((u16)(pn & 0xffff)) #define TKIP_PN_TO_IV32(pn) ((u32)((pn >> 16) & 0xffffffff)) /** * struct ieee80211_key_seq - key sequence counter * * @tkip: TKIP data, containing IV32 and IV16 in host byte order * @ccmp: PN data, most significant byte first (big endian, * reverse order than in packet) * @aes_cmac: PN data, most significant byte first (big endian, * reverse order than in packet) * @aes_gmac: PN data, most significant byte first (big endian, * reverse order than in packet) * @gcmp: PN data, most significant byte first (big endian, * reverse order than in packet) * @hw: data for HW-only (e.g. cipher scheme) keys */ struct ieee80211_key_seq { union { struct { u32 iv32; u16 iv16; } tkip; struct { u8 pn[6]; } ccmp; struct { u8 pn[6]; } aes_cmac; struct { u8 pn[6]; } aes_gmac; struct { u8 pn[6]; } gcmp; struct { u8 seq[IEEE80211_MAX_PN_LEN]; u8 seq_len; } hw; }; }; /** * struct ieee80211_cipher_scheme - cipher scheme * * This structure contains a cipher scheme information defining * the secure packet crypto handling. * * @cipher: a cipher suite selector * @iftype: a cipher iftype bit mask indicating an allowed cipher usage * @hdr_len: a length of a security header used the cipher * @pn_len: a length of a packet number in the security header * @pn_off: an offset of pn from the beginning of the security header * @key_idx_off: an offset of key index byte in the security header * @key_idx_mask: a bit mask of key_idx bits * @key_idx_shift: a bit shift needed to get key_idx * key_idx value calculation: * (sec_header_base[key_idx_off] & key_idx_mask) >> key_idx_shift * @mic_len: a mic length in bytes */ struct ieee80211_cipher_scheme { u32 cipher; u16 iftype; u8 hdr_len; u8 pn_len; u8 pn_off; u8 key_idx_off; u8 key_idx_mask; u8 key_idx_shift; u8 mic_len; }; /** * enum set_key_cmd - key command * * Used with the set_key() callback in &struct ieee80211_ops, this * indicates whether a key is being removed or added. * * @SET_KEY: a key is set * @DISABLE_KEY: a key must be disabled */ enum set_key_cmd { SET_KEY, DISABLE_KEY, }; /** * enum ieee80211_sta_state - station state * * @IEEE80211_STA_NOTEXIST: station doesn't exist at all, * this is a special state for add/remove transitions * @IEEE80211_STA_NONE: station exists without special state * @IEEE80211_STA_AUTH: station is authenticated * @IEEE80211_STA_ASSOC: station is associated * @IEEE80211_STA_AUTHORIZED: station is authorized (802.1X) */ enum ieee80211_sta_state { /* NOTE: These need to be ordered correctly! */ IEEE80211_STA_NOTEXIST, IEEE80211_STA_NONE, IEEE80211_STA_AUTH, IEEE80211_STA_ASSOC, IEEE80211_STA_AUTHORIZED, }; /** * enum ieee80211_sta_rx_bandwidth - station RX bandwidth * @IEEE80211_STA_RX_BW_20: station can only receive 20 MHz * @IEEE80211_STA_RX_BW_40: station can receive up to 40 MHz * @IEEE80211_STA_RX_BW_80: station can receive up to 80 MHz * @IEEE80211_STA_RX_BW_160: station can receive up to 160 MHz * (including 80+80 MHz) * * Implementation note: 20 must be zero to be initialized * correctly, the values must be sorted. */ enum ieee80211_sta_rx_bandwidth { IEEE80211_STA_RX_BW_20 = 0, IEEE80211_STA_RX_BW_40, IEEE80211_STA_RX_BW_80, IEEE80211_STA_RX_BW_160, }; /** * struct ieee80211_sta_rates - station rate selection table * * @rcu_head: RCU head used for freeing the table on update * @rate: transmit rates/flags to be used by default. * Overriding entries per-packet is possible by using cb tx control. */ struct ieee80211_sta_rates { struct rcu_head rcu_head; struct { s8 idx; u8 count; u8 count_cts; u8 count_rts; u16 flags; } rate[IEEE80211_TX_RATE_TABLE_SIZE]; }; /** * struct ieee80211_sta_txpwr - station txpower configuration * * Used to configure txpower for station. * * @power: indicates the tx power, in dBm, to be used when sending data frames * to the STA. * @type: In particular if TPC %type is NL80211_TX_POWER_LIMITED then tx power * will be less than or equal to specified from userspace, whereas if TPC * %type is NL80211_TX_POWER_AUTOMATIC then it indicates default tx power. * NL80211_TX_POWER_FIXED is not a valid configuration option for * per peer TPC. */ struct ieee80211_sta_txpwr { s16 power; enum nl80211_tx_power_setting type; }; /** * struct ieee80211_sta - station table entry * * A station table entry represents a station we are possibly * communicating with. Since stations are RCU-managed in * mac80211, any ieee80211_sta pointer you get access to must * either be protected by rcu_read_lock() explicitly or implicitly, * or you must take good care to not use such a pointer after a * call to your sta_remove callback that removed it. * * @addr: MAC address * @aid: AID we assigned to the station if we're an AP * @supp_rates: Bitmap of supported rates (per band) * @ht_cap: HT capabilities of this STA; restricted to our own capabilities * @vht_cap: VHT capabilities of this STA; restricted to our own capabilities * @he_cap: HE capabilities of this STA * @he_6ghz_capa: on 6 GHz, holds the HE 6 GHz band capabilities * @max_rx_aggregation_subframes: maximal amount of frames in a single AMPDU * that this station is allowed to transmit to us. * Can be modified by driver. * @wme: indicates whether the STA supports QoS/WME (if local devices does, * otherwise always false) * @drv_priv: data area for driver use, will always be aligned to * sizeof(void \*), size is determined in hw information. * @uapsd_queues: bitmap of queues configured for uapsd. Only valid * if wme is supported. The bits order is like in * IEEE80211_WMM_IE_STA_QOSINFO_AC_*. * @max_sp: max Service Period. Only valid if wme is supported. * @bandwidth: current bandwidth the station can receive with * @rx_nss: in HT/VHT, the maximum number of spatial streams the * station can receive at the moment, changed by operating mode * notifications and capabilities. The value is only valid after * the station moves to associated state. * @smps_mode: current SMPS mode (off, static or dynamic) * @rates: rate control selection table * @tdls: indicates whether the STA is a TDLS peer * @tdls_initiator: indicates the STA is an initiator of the TDLS link. Only * valid if the STA is a TDLS peer in the first place. * @mfp: indicates whether the STA uses management frame protection or not. * @max_amsdu_subframes: indicates the maximal number of MSDUs in a single * A-MSDU. Taken from the Extended Capabilities element. 0 means * unlimited. * @support_p2p_ps: indicates whether the STA supports P2P PS mechanism or not. * @max_rc_amsdu_len: Maximum A-MSDU size in bytes recommended by rate control. * @max_tid_amsdu_len: Maximum A-MSDU size in bytes for this TID * @txpwr: the station tx power configuration * @txq: per-TID data TX queues (if driver uses the TXQ abstraction); note that * the last entry (%IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS) is used for non-data frames */ struct ieee80211_sta { u32 supp_rates[NUM_NL80211_BANDS]; u8 addr[ETH_ALEN]; u16 aid; struct ieee80211_sta_ht_cap ht_cap; struct ieee80211_sta_vht_cap vht_cap; struct ieee80211_sta_he_cap he_cap; struct ieee80211_he_6ghz_capa he_6ghz_capa; u16 max_rx_aggregation_subframes; bool wme; u8 uapsd_queues; u8 max_sp; u8 rx_nss; enum ieee80211_sta_rx_bandwidth bandwidth; enum ieee80211_smps_mode smps_mode; struct ieee80211_sta_rates __rcu *rates; bool tdls; bool tdls_initiator; bool mfp; u8 max_amsdu_subframes; /** * @max_amsdu_len: * indicates the maximal length of an A-MSDU in bytes. * This field is always valid for packets with a VHT preamble. * For packets with a HT preamble, additional limits apply: * * * If the skb is transmitted as part of a BA agreement, the * A-MSDU maximal size is min(max_amsdu_len, 4065) bytes. * * If the skb is not part of a BA agreement, the A-MSDU maximal * size is min(max_amsdu_len, 7935) bytes. * * Both additional HT limits must be enforced by the low level * driver. This is defined by the spec (IEEE 802.11-2012 section * 8.3.2.2 NOTE 2). */ u16 max_amsdu_len; bool support_p2p_ps; u16 max_rc_amsdu_len; u16 max_tid_amsdu_len[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS]; struct ieee80211_sta_txpwr txpwr; struct ieee80211_txq *txq[IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS + 1]; /* must be last */ u8 drv_priv[] __aligned(sizeof(void *)); }; /** * enum sta_notify_cmd - sta notify command * * Used with the sta_notify() callback in &struct ieee80211_ops, this * indicates if an associated station made a power state transition. * * @STA_NOTIFY_SLEEP: a station is now sleeping * @STA_NOTIFY_AWAKE: a sleeping station woke up */ enum sta_notify_cmd { STA_NOTIFY_SLEEP, STA_NOTIFY_AWAKE, }; /** * struct ieee80211_tx_control - TX control data * * @sta: station table entry, this sta pointer may be NULL and * it is not allowed to copy the pointer, due to RCU. */ struct ieee80211_tx_control { struct ieee80211_sta *sta; }; /** * struct ieee80211_txq - Software intermediate tx queue * * @vif: &struct ieee80211_vif pointer from the add_interface callback. * @sta: station table entry, %NULL for per-vif queue * @tid: the TID for this queue (unused for per-vif queue), * %IEEE80211_NUM_TIDS for non-data (if enabled) * @ac: the AC for this queue * @drv_priv: driver private area, sized by hw->txq_data_size * * The driver can obtain packets from this queue by calling * ieee80211_tx_dequeue(). */ struct ieee80211_txq { struct ieee80211_vif *vif; struct ieee80211_sta *sta; u8 tid; u8 ac; /* must be last */ u8 drv_priv[] __aligned(sizeof(void *)); }; /** * enum ieee80211_hw_flags - hardware flags * * These flags are used to indicate hardware capabilities to * the stack. Generally, flags here should have their meaning * done in a way that the simplest hardware doesn't need setting * any particular flags. There are some exceptions to this rule, * however, so you are advised to review these flags carefully. * * @IEEE80211_HW_HAS_RATE_CONTROL: * The hardware or firmware includes rate control, and cannot be * controlled by the stack. As such, no rate control algorithm * should be instantiated, and the TX rate reported to userspace * will be taken from the TX status instead of the rate control * algorithm. * Note that this requires that the driver implement a number of * callbacks so it has the correct information, it needs to have * the @set_rts_threshold callback and must look at the BSS config * @use_cts_prot for G/N protection, @use_short_slot for slot * timing in 2.4 GHz and @use_short_preamble for preambles for * CCK frames. * * @IEEE80211_HW_RX_INCLUDES_FCS: * Indicates that received frames passed to the stack include * the FCS at the end. * * @IEEE80211_HW_HOST_BROADCAST_PS_BUFFERING: * Some wireless LAN chipsets buffer broadcast/multicast frames * for power saving stations in the hardware/firmware and others * rely on the host system for such buffering. This option is used * to configure the IEEE 802.11 upper layer to buffer broadcast and * multicast frames when there are power saving stations so that * the driver can fetch them with ieee80211_get_buffered_bc(). * * @IEEE80211_HW_SIGNAL_UNSPEC: * Hardware can provide signal values but we don't know its units. We * expect values between 0 and @max_signal. * If possible please provide dB or dBm instead. * * @IEEE80211_HW_SIGNAL_DBM: * Hardware gives signal values in dBm, decibel difference from * one milliwatt. This is the preferred method since it is standardized * between different devices. @max_signal does not need to be set. * * @IEEE80211_HW_SPECTRUM_MGMT: * Hardware supports spectrum management defined in 802.11h * Measurement, Channel Switch, Quieting, TPC * * @IEEE80211_HW_AMPDU_AGGREGATION: * Hardware supports 11n A-MPDU aggregation. * * @IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_PS: * Hardware has power save support (i.e. can go to sleep). * * @IEEE80211_HW_PS_NULLFUNC_STACK: * Hardware requires nullfunc frame handling in stack, implies * stack support for dynamic PS. * * @IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_DYNAMIC_PS: * Hardware has support for dynamic PS. * * @IEEE80211_HW_MFP_CAPABLE: * Hardware supports management frame protection (MFP, IEEE 802.11w). * * @IEEE80211_HW_REPORTS_TX_ACK_STATUS: * Hardware can provide ack status reports of Tx frames to * the stack. * * @IEEE80211_HW_CONNECTION_MONITOR: * The hardware performs its own connection monitoring, including * periodic keep-alives to the AP and probing the AP on beacon loss. * * @IEEE80211_HW_NEED_DTIM_BEFORE_ASSOC: * This device needs to get data from beacon before association (i.e. * dtim_period). * * @IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_PER_STA_GTK: The device's crypto engine supports * per-station GTKs as used by IBSS RSN or during fast transition. If * the device doesn't support per-station GTKs, but can be asked not * to decrypt group addressed frames, then IBSS RSN support is still * possible but software crypto will be used. Advertise the wiphy flag * only in that case. * * @IEEE80211_HW_AP_LINK_PS: When operating in AP mode the device * autonomously manages the PS status of connected stations. When * this flag is set mac80211 will not trigger PS mode for connected * stations based on the PM bit of incoming frames. * Use ieee80211_start_ps()/ieee8021_end_ps() to manually configure * the PS mode of connected stations. * * @IEEE80211_HW_TX_AMPDU_SETUP_IN_HW: The device handles TX A-MPDU session * setup strictly in HW. mac80211 should not attempt to do this in * software. * * @IEEE80211_HW_WANT_MONITOR_VIF: The driver would like to be informed of * a virtual monitor interface when monitor interfaces are the only * active interfaces. * * @IEEE80211_HW_NO_AUTO_VIF: The driver would like for no wlanX to * be created. It is expected user-space will create vifs as * desired (and thus have them named as desired). * * @IEEE80211_HW_SW_CRYPTO_CONTROL: The driver wants to control which of the * crypto algorithms can be done in software - so don't automatically * try to fall back to it if hardware crypto fails, but do so only if * the driver returns 1. This also forces the driver to advertise its * supported cipher suites. * * @IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORT_FAST_XMIT: The driver/hardware supports fast-xmit, * this currently requires only the ability to calculate the duration * for frames. * * @IEEE80211_HW_QUEUE_CONTROL: The driver wants to control per-interface * queue mapping in order to use different queues (not just one per AC) * for different virtual interfaces. See the doc section on HW queue * control for more details. * * @IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_RC_TABLE: The driver supports using a rate * selection table provided by the rate control algorithm. * * @IEEE80211_HW_P2P_DEV_ADDR_FOR_INTF: Use the P2P Device address for any * P2P Interface. This will be honoured even if more than one interface * is supported. * * @IEEE80211_HW_TIMING_BEACON_ONLY: Use sync timing from beacon frames * only, to allow getting TBTT of a DTIM beacon. * * @IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_HT_CCK_RATES: Hardware supports mixing HT/CCK rates * and can cope with CCK rates in an aggregation session (e.g. by not * using aggregation for such frames.) * * @IEEE80211_HW_CHANCTX_STA_CSA: Support 802.11h based channel-switch (CSA) * for a single active channel while using channel contexts. When support * is not enabled the default action is to disconnect when getting the * CSA frame. * * @IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_CLONED_SKBS: The driver will never modify the payload * or tailroom of TX skbs without copying them first. * * @IEEE80211_HW_SINGLE_SCAN_ON_ALL_BANDS: The HW supports scanning on all bands * in one command, mac80211 doesn't have to run separate scans per band. * * @IEEE80211_HW_TDLS_WIDER_BW: The device/driver supports wider bandwidth * than then BSS bandwidth for a TDLS link on the base channel. * * @IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_AMSDU_IN_AMPDU: The driver supports receiving A-MSDUs * within A-MPDU. * * @IEEE80211_HW_BEACON_TX_STATUS: The device/driver provides TX status * for sent beacons. * * @IEEE80211_HW_NEEDS_UNIQUE_STA_ADDR: Hardware (or driver) requires that each * station has a unique address, i.e. each station entry can be identified * by just its MAC address; this prevents, for example, the same station * from connecting to two virtual AP interfaces at the same time. * * @IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_REORDERING_BUFFER: Hardware (or driver) manages the * reordering buffer internally, guaranteeing mac80211 receives frames in * order and does not need to manage its own reorder buffer or BA session * timeout. * * @IEEE80211_HW_USES_RSS: The device uses RSS and thus requires parallel RX, * which implies using per-CPU station statistics. * * @IEEE80211_HW_TX_AMSDU: Hardware (or driver) supports software aggregated * A-MSDU frames. Requires software tx queueing and fast-xmit support. * When not using minstrel/minstrel_ht rate control, the driver must * limit the maximum A-MSDU size based on the current tx rate by setting * max_rc_amsdu_len in struct ieee80211_sta. * * @IEEE80211_HW_TX_FRAG_LIST: Hardware (or driver) supports sending frag_list * skbs, needed for zero-copy software A-MSDU. * * @IEEE80211_HW_REPORTS_LOW_ACK: The driver (or firmware) reports low ack event * by ieee80211_report_low_ack() based on its own algorithm. For such * drivers, mac80211 packet loss mechanism will not be triggered and driver * is completely depending on firmware event for station kickout. * * @IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_TX_FRAG: Hardware does fragmentation by itself. * The stack will not do fragmentation. * The callback for @set_frag_threshold should be set as well. * * @IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_TDLS_BUFFER_STA: Hardware supports buffer STA on * TDLS links. * * @IEEE80211_HW_DEAUTH_NEED_MGD_TX_PREP: The driver requires the * mgd_prepare_tx() callback to be called before transmission of a * deauthentication frame in case the association was completed but no * beacon was heard. This is required in multi-channel scenarios, where the * virtual interface might not be given air time for the transmission of * the frame, as it is not synced with the AP/P2P GO yet, and thus the * deauthentication frame might not be transmitted. * * @IEEE80211_HW_DOESNT_SUPPORT_QOS_NDP: The driver (or firmware) doesn't * support QoS NDP for AP probing - that's most likely a driver bug. * * @IEEE80211_HW_BUFF_MMPDU_TXQ: use the TXQ for bufferable MMPDUs, this of * course requires the driver to use TXQs to start with. * * @IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_VHT_EXT_NSS_BW: (Hardware) rate control supports VHT * extended NSS BW (dot11VHTExtendedNSSBWCapable). This flag will be set if * the selected rate control algorithm sets %RATE_CTRL_CAPA_VHT_EXT_NSS_BW * but if the rate control is built-in then it must be set by the driver. * See also the documentation for that flag. * * @IEEE80211_HW_STA_MMPDU_TXQ: use the extra non-TID per-station TXQ for all * MMPDUs on station interfaces. This of course requires the driver to use * TXQs to start with. * * @IEEE80211_HW_TX_STATUS_NO_AMPDU_LEN: Driver does not report accurate A-MPDU * length in tx status information * * @IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_MULTI_BSSID: Hardware supports multi BSSID * * @IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_ONLY_HE_MULTI_BSSID: Hardware supports multi BSSID * only for HE APs. Applies if @IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_MULTI_BSSID is set. * * @IEEE80211_HW_AMPDU_KEYBORDER_SUPPORT: The card and driver is only * aggregating MPDUs with the same keyid, allowing mac80211 to keep Tx * A-MPDU sessions active while rekeying with Extended Key ID. * * @IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_TX_ENCAP_OFFLOAD: Hardware supports tx encapsulation * offload * * @NUM_IEEE80211_HW_FLAGS: number of hardware flags, used for sizing arrays */ enum ieee80211_hw_flags { IEEE80211_HW_HAS_RATE_CONTROL, IEEE80211_HW_RX_INCLUDES_FCS, IEEE80211_HW_HOST_BROADCAST_PS_BUFFERING, IEEE80211_HW_SIGNAL_UNSPEC, IEEE80211_HW_SIGNAL_DBM, IEEE80211_HW_NEED_DTIM_BEFORE_ASSOC, IEEE80211_HW_SPECTRUM_MGMT, IEEE80211_HW_AMPDU_AGGREGATION, IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_PS, IEEE80211_HW_PS_NULLFUNC_STACK, IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_DYNAMIC_PS, IEEE80211_HW_MFP_CAPABLE, IEEE80211_HW_WANT_MONITOR_VIF, IEEE80211_HW_NO_AUTO_VIF, IEEE80211_HW_SW_CRYPTO_CONTROL, IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORT_FAST_XMIT, IEEE80211_HW_REPORTS_TX_ACK_STATUS, IEEE80211_HW_CONNECTION_MONITOR, IEEE80211_HW_QUEUE_CONTROL, IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_PER_STA_GTK, IEEE80211_HW_AP_LINK_PS, IEEE80211_HW_TX_AMPDU_SETUP_IN_HW, IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_RC_TABLE, IEEE80211_HW_P2P_DEV_ADDR_FOR_INTF, IEEE80211_HW_TIMING_BEACON_ONLY, IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_HT_CCK_RATES, IEEE80211_HW_CHANCTX_STA_CSA, IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_CLONED_SKBS, IEEE80211_HW_SINGLE_SCAN_ON_ALL_BANDS, IEEE80211_HW_TDLS_WIDER_BW, IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_AMSDU_IN_AMPDU, IEEE80211_HW_BEACON_TX_STATUS, IEEE80211_HW_NEEDS_UNIQUE_STA_ADDR, IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_REORDERING_BUFFER, IEEE80211_HW_USES_RSS, IEEE80211_HW_TX_AMSDU, IEEE80211_HW_TX_FRAG_LIST, IEEE80211_HW_REPORTS_LOW_ACK, IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_TX_FRAG, IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_TDLS_BUFFER_STA, IEEE80211_HW_DEAUTH_NEED_MGD_TX_PREP, IEEE80211_HW_DOESNT_SUPPORT_QOS_NDP, IEEE80211_HW_BUFF_MMPDU_TXQ, IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_VHT_EXT_NSS_BW, IEEE80211_HW_STA_MMPDU_TXQ, IEEE80211_HW_TX_STATUS_NO_AMPDU_LEN, IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_MULTI_BSSID, IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_ONLY_HE_MULTI_BSSID, IEEE80211_HW_AMPDU_KEYBORDER_SUPPORT, IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_TX_ENCAP_OFFLOAD, /* keep last, obviously */ NUM_IEEE80211_HW_FLAGS }; /** * struct ieee80211_hw - hardware information and state * * This structure contains the configuration and hardware * information for an 802.11 PHY. * * @wiphy: This points to the &struct wiphy allocated for this * 802.11 PHY. You must fill in the @perm_addr and @dev * members of this structure using SET_IEEE80211_DEV() * and SET_IEEE80211_PERM_ADDR(). Additionally, all supported * bands (with channels, bitrates) are registered here. * * @conf: &struct ieee80211_conf, device configuration, don't use. * * @priv: pointer to private area that was allocated for driver use * along with this structure. * * @flags: hardware flags, see &enum ieee80211_hw_flags. * * @extra_tx_headroom: headroom to reserve in each transmit skb * for use by the driver (e.g. for transmit headers.) * * @extra_beacon_tailroom: tailroom to reserve in each beacon tx skb. * Can be used by drivers to add extra IEs. * * @max_signal: Maximum value for signal (rssi) in RX information, used * only when @IEEE80211_HW_SIGNAL_UNSPEC or @IEEE80211_HW_SIGNAL_DB * * @max_listen_interval: max listen interval in units of beacon interval * that HW supports * * @queues: number of available hardware transmit queues for * data packets. WMM/QoS requires at least four, these * queues need to have configurable access parameters. * * @rate_control_algorithm: rate control algorithm for this hardware. * If unset (NULL), the default algorithm will be used. Must be * set before calling ieee80211_register_hw(). * * @vif_data_size: size (in bytes) of the drv_priv data area * within &struct ieee80211_vif. * @sta_data_size: size (in bytes) of the drv_priv data area * within &struct ieee80211_sta. * @chanctx_data_size: size (in bytes) of the drv_priv data area * within &struct ieee80211_chanctx_conf. * @txq_data_size: size (in bytes) of the drv_priv data area * within @struct ieee80211_txq. * * @max_rates: maximum number of alternate rate retry stages the hw * can handle. * @max_report_rates: maximum number of alternate rate retry stages * the hw can report back. * @max_rate_tries: maximum number of tries for each stage * * @max_rx_aggregation_subframes: maximum buffer size (number of * sub-frames) to be used for A-MPDU block ack receiver * aggregation. * This is only relevant if the device has restrictions on the * number of subframes, if it relies on mac80211 to do reordering * it shouldn't be set. * * @max_tx_aggregation_subframes: maximum number of subframes in an * aggregate an HT/HE device will transmit. In HT AddBA we'll * advertise a constant value of 64 as some older APs crash if * the window size is smaller (an example is LinkSys WRT120N * with FW v1.0.07 build 002 Jun 18 2012). * For AddBA to HE capable peers this value will be used. * * @max_tx_fragments: maximum number of tx buffers per (A)-MSDU, sum * of 1 + skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags for each skb in the frag_list. * * @offchannel_tx_hw_queue: HW queue ID to use for offchannel TX * (if %IEEE80211_HW_QUEUE_CONTROL is set) * * @radiotap_mcs_details: lists which MCS information can the HW * reports, by default it is set to _MCS, _GI and _BW but doesn't * include _FMT. Use %IEEE80211_RADIOTAP_MCS_HAVE_\* values, only * adding _BW is supported today. * * @radiotap_vht_details: lists which VHT MCS information the HW reports, * the default is _GI | _BANDWIDTH. * Use the %IEEE80211_RADIOTAP_VHT_KNOWN_\* values. * * @radiotap_he: HE radiotap validity flags * * @radiotap_timestamp: Information for the radiotap timestamp field; if the * @units_pos member is set to a non-negative value then the timestamp * field will be added and populated from the &struct ieee80211_rx_status * device_timestamp. * @radiotap_timestamp.units_pos: Must be set to a combination of a * IEEE80211_RADIOTAP_TIMESTAMP_UNIT_* and a * IEEE80211_RADIOTAP_TIMESTAMP_SPOS_* value. * @radiotap_timestamp.accuracy: If non-negative, fills the accuracy in the * radiotap field and the accuracy known flag will be set. * * @netdev_features: netdev features to be set in each netdev created * from this HW. Note that not all features are usable with mac80211, * other features will be rejected during HW registration. * * @uapsd_queues: This bitmap is included in (re)association frame to indicate * for each access category if it is uAPSD trigger-enabled and delivery- * enabled. Use IEEE80211_WMM_IE_STA_QOSINFO_AC_* to set this bitmap. * Each bit corresponds to different AC. Value '1' in specific bit means * that corresponding AC is both trigger- and delivery-enabled. '0' means * neither enabled. * * @uapsd_max_sp_len: maximum number of total buffered frames the WMM AP may * deliver to a WMM STA during any Service Period triggered by the WMM STA. * Use IEEE80211_WMM_IE_STA_QOSINFO_SP_* for correct values. * * @n_cipher_schemes: a size of an array of cipher schemes definitions. * @cipher_schemes: a pointer to an array of cipher scheme definitions * supported by HW. * @max_nan_de_entries: maximum number of NAN DE functions supported by the * device. * * @tx_sk_pacing_shift: Pacing shift to set on TCP sockets when frames from * them are encountered. The default should typically not be changed, * unless the driver has good reasons for needing more buffers. * * @weight_multiplier: Driver specific airtime weight multiplier used while * refilling deficit of each TXQ. * * @max_mtu: the max mtu could be set. */ struct ieee80211_hw { struct ieee80211_conf conf; struct wiphy *wiphy; const char *rate_control_algorithm; void *priv; unsigned long flags[BITS_TO_LONGS(NUM_IEEE80211_HW_FLAGS)]; unsigned int extra_tx_headroom; unsigned int extra_beacon_tailroom; int vif_data_size; int sta_data_size; int chanctx_data_size; int txq_data_size; u16 queues; u16 max_listen_interval; s8 max_signal; u8 max_rates; u8 max_report_rates; u8 max_rate_tries; u16 max_rx_aggregation_subframes; u16 max_tx_aggregation_subframes; u8 max_tx_fragments; u8 offchannel_tx_hw_queue; u8 radiotap_mcs_details; u16 radiotap_vht_details; struct { int units_pos; s16 accuracy; } radiotap_timestamp; netdev_features_t netdev_features; u8 uapsd_queues; u8 uapsd_max_sp_len; u8 n_cipher_schemes; const struct ieee80211_cipher_scheme *cipher_schemes; u8 max_nan_de_entries; u8 tx_sk_pacing_shift; u8 weight_multiplier; u32 max_mtu; }; static inline bool _ieee80211_hw_check(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, enum ieee80211_hw_flags flg) { return test_bit(flg, hw->flags); } #define ieee80211_hw_check(hw, flg) _ieee80211_hw_check(hw, IEEE80211_HW_##flg) static inline void _ieee80211_hw_set(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, enum ieee80211_hw_flags flg) { return __set_bit(flg, hw->flags); } #define ieee80211_hw_set(hw, flg) _ieee80211_hw_set(hw, IEEE80211_HW_##flg) /** * struct ieee80211_scan_request - hw scan request * * @ies: pointers different parts of IEs (in req.ie) * @req: cfg80211 request. */ struct ieee80211_scan_request { struct ieee80211_scan_ies ies; /* Keep last */ struct cfg80211_scan_request req; }; /** * struct ieee80211_tdls_ch_sw_params - TDLS channel switch parameters * * @sta: peer this TDLS channel-switch request/response came from * @chandef: channel referenced in a TDLS channel-switch request * @action_code: see &enum ieee80211_tdls_actioncode * @status: channel-switch response status * @timestamp: time at which the frame was received * @switch_time: switch-timing parameter received in the frame * @switch_timeout: switch-timing parameter received in the frame * @tmpl_skb: TDLS switch-channel response template * @ch_sw_tm_ie: offset of the channel-switch timing IE inside @tmpl_skb */ struct ieee80211_tdls_ch_sw_params { struct ieee80211_sta *sta; struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef; u8 action_code; u32 status; u32 timestamp; u16 switch_time; u16 switch_timeout; struct sk_buff *tmpl_skb; u32 ch_sw_tm_ie; }; /** * wiphy_to_ieee80211_hw - return a mac80211 driver hw struct from a wiphy * * @wiphy: the &struct wiphy which we want to query * * mac80211 drivers can use this to get to their respective * &struct ieee80211_hw. Drivers wishing to get to their own private * structure can then access it via hw->priv. Note that mac802111 drivers should * not use wiphy_priv() to try to get their private driver structure as this * is already used internally by mac80211. * * Return: The mac80211 driver hw struct of @wiphy. */ struct ieee80211_hw *wiphy_to_ieee80211_hw(struct wiphy *wiphy); /** * SET_IEEE80211_DEV - set device for 802.11 hardware * * @hw: the &struct ieee80211_hw to set the device for * @dev: the &struct device of this 802.11 device */ static inline void SET_IEEE80211_DEV(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct device *dev) { set_wiphy_dev(hw->wiphy, dev); } /** * SET_IEEE80211_PERM_ADDR - set the permanent MAC address for 802.11 hardware * * @hw: the &struct ieee80211_hw to set the MAC address for * @addr: the address to set */ static inline void SET_IEEE80211_PERM_ADDR(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, const u8 *addr) { memcpy(hw->wiphy->perm_addr, addr, ETH_ALEN); } static inline struct ieee80211_rate * ieee80211_get_tx_rate(const struct ieee80211_hw *hw, const struct ieee80211_tx_info *c) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(c->control.rates[0].idx < 0)) return NULL; return &hw->wiphy->bands[c->band]->bitrates[c->control.rates[0].idx]; } static inline struct ieee80211_rate * ieee80211_get_rts_cts_rate(const struct ieee80211_hw *hw, const struct ieee80211_tx_info *c) { if (c->control.rts_cts_rate_idx < 0) return NULL; return &hw->wiphy->bands[c->band]->bitrates[c->control.rts_cts_rate_idx]; } static inline struct ieee80211_rate * ieee80211_get_alt_retry_rate(const struct ieee80211_hw *hw, const struct ieee80211_tx_info *c, int idx) { if (c->control.rates[idx + 1].idx < 0) return NULL; return &hw->wiphy->bands[c->band]->bitrates[c->control.rates[idx + 1].idx]; } /** * ieee80211_free_txskb - free TX skb * @hw: the hardware * @skb: the skb * * Free a transmit skb. Use this function when some failure * to transmit happened and thus status cannot be reported. */ void ieee80211_free_txskb(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct sk_buff *skb); /** * DOC: Hardware crypto acceleration * * mac80211 is capable of taking advantage of many hardware * acceleration designs for encryption and decryption operations. * * The set_key() callback in the &struct ieee80211_ops for a given * device is called to enable hardware acceleration of encryption and * decryption. The callback takes a @sta parameter that will be NULL * for default keys or keys used for transmission only, or point to * the station information for the peer for individual keys. * Multiple transmission keys with the same key index may be used when * VLANs are configured for an access point. * * When transmitting, the TX control data will use the @hw_key_idx * selected by the driver by modifying the &struct ieee80211_key_conf * pointed to by the @key parameter to the set_key() function. * * The set_key() call for the %SET_KEY command should return 0 if * the key is now in use, -%EOPNOTSUPP or -%ENOSPC if it couldn't be * added; if you return 0 then hw_key_idx must be assigned to the * hardware key index, you are free to use the full u8 range. * * Note that in the case that the @IEEE80211_HW_SW_CRYPTO_CONTROL flag is * set, mac80211 will not automatically fall back to software crypto if * enabling hardware crypto failed. The set_key() call may also return the * value 1 to permit this specific key/algorithm to be done in software. * * When the cmd is %DISABLE_KEY then it must succeed. * * Note that it is permissible to not decrypt a frame even if a key * for it has been uploaded to hardware, the stack will not make any * decision based on whether a key has been uploaded or not but rather * based on the receive flags. * * The &struct ieee80211_key_conf structure pointed to by the @key * parameter is guaranteed to be valid until another call to set_key() * removes it, but it can only be used as a cookie to differentiate * keys. * * In TKIP some HW need to be provided a phase 1 key, for RX decryption * acceleration (i.e. iwlwifi). Those drivers should provide update_tkip_key * handler. * The update_tkip_key() call updates the driver with the new phase 1 key. * This happens every time the iv16 wraps around (every 65536 packets). The * set_key() call will happen only once for each key (unless the AP did * rekeying), it will not include a valid phase 1 key. The valid phase 1 key is * provided by update_tkip_key only. The trigger that makes mac80211 call this * handler is software decryption with wrap around of iv16. * * The set_default_unicast_key() call updates the default WEP key index * configured to the hardware for WEP encryption type. This is required * for devices that support offload of data packets (e.g. ARP responses). * * Mac80211 drivers should set the @NL80211_EXT_FEATURE_CAN_REPLACE_PTK0 flag * when they are able to replace in-use PTK keys according to the following * requirements: * 1) They do not hand over frames decrypted with the old key to mac80211 once the call to set_key() with command %DISABLE_KEY has been completed when also setting @IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_GENERATE_IV for any key, 2) either drop or continue to use the old key for any outgoing frames queued at the time of the key deletion (including re-transmits), 3) never send out a frame queued prior to the set_key() %SET_KEY command encrypted with the new key and 4) never send out a frame unencrypted when it should be encrypted. Mac80211 will not queue any new frames for a deleted key to the driver. */ /** * DOC: Powersave support * * mac80211 has support for various powersave implementations. * * First, it can support hardware that handles all powersaving by itself, * such hardware should simply set the %IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_PS hardware * flag. In that case, it will be told about the desired powersave mode * with the %IEEE80211_CONF_PS flag depending on the association status. * The hardware must take care of sending nullfunc frames when necessary, * i.e. when entering and leaving powersave mode. The hardware is required * to look at the AID in beacons and signal to the AP that it woke up when * it finds traffic directed to it. * * %IEEE80211_CONF_PS flag enabled means that the powersave mode defined in * IEEE 802.11-2007 section 11.2 is enabled. This is not to be confused * with hardware wakeup and sleep states. Driver is responsible for waking * up the hardware before issuing commands to the hardware and putting it * back to sleep at appropriate times. * * When PS is enabled, hardware needs to wakeup for beacons and receive the * buffered multicast/broadcast frames after the beacon. Also it must be * possible to send frames and receive the acknowledment frame. * * Other hardware designs cannot send nullfunc frames by themselves and also * need software support for parsing the TIM bitmap. This is also supported * by mac80211 by combining the %IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_PS and * %IEEE80211_HW_PS_NULLFUNC_STACK flags. The hardware is of course still * required to pass up beacons. The hardware is still required to handle * waking up for multicast traffic; if it cannot the driver must handle that * as best as it can, mac80211 is too slow to do that. * * Dynamic powersave is an extension to normal powersave in which the * hardware stays awake for a user-specified period of time after sending a * frame so that reply frames need not be buffered and therefore delayed to * the next wakeup. It's compromise of getting good enough latency when * there's data traffic and still saving significantly power in idle * periods. * * Dynamic powersave is simply supported by mac80211 enabling and disabling * PS based on traffic. Driver needs to only set %IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_PS * flag and mac80211 will handle everything automatically. Additionally, * hardware having support for the dynamic PS feature may set the * %IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_DYNAMIC_PS flag to indicate that it can support * dynamic PS mode itself. The driver needs to look at the * @dynamic_ps_timeout hardware configuration value and use it that value * whenever %IEEE80211_CONF_PS is set. In this case mac80211 will disable * dynamic PS feature in stack and will just keep %IEEE80211_CONF_PS * enabled whenever user has enabled powersave. * * Driver informs U-APSD client support by enabling * %IEEE80211_VIF_SUPPORTS_UAPSD flag. The mode is configured through the * uapsd parameter in conf_tx() operation. Hardware needs to send the QoS * Nullfunc frames and stay awake until the service period has ended. To * utilize U-APSD, dynamic powersave is disabled for voip AC and all frames * from that AC are transmitted with powersave enabled. * * Note: U-APSD client mode is not yet supported with * %IEEE80211_HW_PS_NULLFUNC_STACK. */ /** * DOC: Beacon filter support * * Some hardware have beacon filter support to reduce host cpu wakeups * which will reduce system power consumption. It usually works so that * the firmware creates a checksum of the beacon but omits all constantly * changing elements (TSF, TIM etc). Whenever the checksum changes the * beacon is forwarded to the host, otherwise it will be just dropped. That * way the host will only receive beacons where some relevant information * (for example ERP protection or WMM settings) have changed. * * Beacon filter support is advertised with the %IEEE80211_VIF_BEACON_FILTER * interface capability. The driver needs to enable beacon filter support * whenever power save is enabled, that is %IEEE80211_CONF_PS is set. When * power save is enabled, the stack will not check for beacon loss and the * driver needs to notify about loss of beacons with ieee80211_beacon_loss(). * * The time (or number of beacons missed) until the firmware notifies the * driver of a beacon loss event (which in turn causes the driver to call * ieee80211_beacon_loss()) should be configurable and will be controlled * by mac80211 and the roaming algorithm in the future. * * Since there may be constantly changing information elements that nothing * in the software stack cares about, we will, in the future, have mac80211 * tell the driver which information elements are interesting in the sense * that we want to see changes in them. This will include * * - a list of information element IDs * - a list of OUIs for the vendor information element * * Ideally, the hardware would filter out any beacons without changes in the * requested elements, but if it cannot support that it may, at the expense * of some efficiency, filter out only a subset. For example, if the device * doesn't support checking for OUIs it should pass up all changes in all * vendor information elements. * * Note that change, for the sake of simplification, also includes information * elements appearing or disappearing from the beacon. * * Some hardware supports an "ignore list" instead, just make sure nothing * that was requested is on the ignore list, and include commonly changing * information element IDs in the ignore list, for example 11 (BSS load) and * the various vendor-assigned IEs with unknown contents (128, 129, 133-136, * 149, 150, 155, 156, 173, 176, 178, 179, 219); for forward compatibility * it could also include some currently unused IDs. * * * In addition to these capabilities, hardware should support notifying the * host of changes in the beacon RSSI. This is relevant to implement roaming * when no traffic is flowing (when traffic is flowing we see the RSSI of * the received data packets). This can consist in notifying the host when * the RSSI changes significantly or when it drops below or rises above * configurable thresholds. In the future these thresholds will also be * configured by mac80211 (which gets them from userspace) to implement * them as the roaming algorithm requires. * * If the hardware cannot implement this, the driver should ask it to * periodically pass beacon frames to the host so that software can do the * signal strength threshold checking. */ /** * DOC: Spatial multiplexing power save * * SMPS (Spatial multiplexing power save) is a mechanism to conserve * power in an 802.11n implementation. For details on the mechanism * and rationale, please refer to 802.11 (as amended by 802.11n-2009) * "11.2.3 SM power save". * * The mac80211 implementation is capable of sending action frames * to update the AP about the station's SMPS mode, and will instruct * the driver to enter the specific mode. It will also announce the * requested SMPS mode during the association handshake. Hardware * support for this feature is required, and can be indicated by * hardware flags. * * The default mode will be "automatic", which nl80211/cfg80211 * defines to be dynamic SMPS in (regular) powersave, and SMPS * turned off otherwise. * * To support this feature, the driver must set the appropriate * hardware support flags, and handle the SMPS flag to the config() * operation. It will then with this mechanism be instructed to * enter the requested SMPS mode while associated to an HT AP. */ /** * DOC: Frame filtering * * mac80211 requires to see many management frames for proper * operation, and users may want to see many more frames when * in monitor mode. However, for best CPU usage and power consumption, * having as few frames as possible percolate through the stack is * desirable. Hence, the hardware should filter as much as possible. * * To achieve this, mac80211 uses filter flags (see below) to tell * the driver's configure_filter() function which frames should be * passed to mac80211 and which should be filtered out. * * Before configure_filter() is invoked, the prepare_multicast() * callback is invoked with the parameters @mc_count and @mc_list * for the combined multicast address list of all virtual interfaces. * It's use is optional, and it returns a u64 that is passed to * configure_filter(). Additionally, configure_filter() has the * arguments @changed_flags telling which flags were changed and * @total_flags with the new flag states. * * If your device has no multicast address filters your driver will * need to check both the %FIF_ALLMULTI flag and the @mc_count * parameter to see whether multicast frames should be accepted * or dropped. * * All unsupported flags in @total_flags must be cleared. * Hardware does not support a flag if it is incapable of _passing_ * the frame to the stack. Otherwise the driver must ignore * the flag, but not clear it. * You must _only_ clear the flag (announce no support for the * flag to mac80211) if you are not able to pass the packet type * to the stack (so the hardware always filters it). * So for example, you should clear @FIF_CONTROL, if your hardware * always filters control frames. If your hardware always passes * control frames to the kernel and is incapable of filtering them, * you do _not_ clear the @FIF_CONTROL flag. * This rule applies to all other FIF flags as well. */ /** * DOC: AP support for powersaving clients * * In order to implement AP and P2P GO modes, mac80211 has support for * client powersaving, both "legacy" PS (PS-Poll/null data) and uAPSD. * There currently is no support for sAPSD. * * There is one assumption that mac80211 makes, namely that a client * will not poll with PS-Poll and trigger with uAPSD at the same time. * Both are supported, and both can be used by the same client, but * they can't be used concurrently by the same client. This simplifies * the driver code. * * The first thing to keep in mind is that there is a flag for complete * driver implementation: %IEEE80211_HW_AP_LINK_PS. If this flag is set, * mac80211 expects the driver to handle most of the state machine for * powersaving clients and will ignore the PM bit in incoming frames. * Drivers then use ieee80211_sta_ps_transition() to inform mac80211 of * stations' powersave transitions. In this mode, mac80211 also doesn't * handle PS-Poll/uAPSD. * * In the mode without %IEEE80211_HW_AP_LINK_PS, mac80211 will check the * PM bit in incoming frames for client powersave transitions. When a * station goes to sleep, we will stop transmitting to it. There is, * however, a race condition: a station might go to sleep while there is * data buffered on hardware queues. If the device has support for this * it will reject frames, and the driver should give the frames back to * mac80211 with the %IEEE80211_TX_STAT_TX_FILTERED flag set which will * cause mac80211 to retry the frame when the station wakes up. The * driver is also notified of powersave transitions by calling its * @sta_notify callback. * * When the station is asleep, it has three choices: it can wake up, * it can PS-Poll, or it can possibly start a uAPSD service period. * Waking up is implemented by simply transmitting all buffered (and * filtered) frames to the station. This is the easiest case. When * the station sends a PS-Poll or a uAPSD trigger frame, mac80211 * will inform the driver of this with the @allow_buffered_frames * callback; this callback is optional. mac80211 will then transmit * the frames as usual and set the %IEEE80211_TX_CTL_NO_PS_BUFFER * on each frame. The last frame in the service period (or the only * response to a PS-Poll) also has %IEEE80211_TX_STATUS_EOSP set to * indicate that it ends the service period; as this frame must have * TX status report it also sets %IEEE80211_TX_CTL_REQ_TX_STATUS. * When TX status is reported for this frame, the service period is * marked has having ended and a new one can be started by the peer. * * Additionally, non-bufferable MMPDUs can also be transmitted by * mac80211 with the %IEEE80211_TX_CTL_NO_PS_BUFFER set in them. * * Another race condition can happen on some devices like iwlwifi * when there are frames queued for the station and it wakes up * or polls; the frames that are already queued could end up being * transmitted first instead, causing reordering and/or wrong * processing of the EOSP. The cause is that allowing frames to be * transmitted to a certain station is out-of-band communication to * the device. To allow this problem to be solved, the driver can * call ieee80211_sta_block_awake() if frames are buffered when it * is notified that the station went to sleep. When all these frames * have been filtered (see above), it must call the function again * to indicate that the station is no longer blocked. * * If the driver buffers frames in the driver for aggregation in any * way, it must use the ieee80211_sta_set_buffered() call when it is * notified of the station going to sleep to inform mac80211 of any * TIDs that have frames buffered. Note that when a station wakes up * this information is reset (hence the requirement to call it when * informed of the station going to sleep). Then, when a service * period starts for any reason, @release_buffered_frames is called * with the number of frames to be released and which TIDs they are * to come from. In this case, the driver is responsible for setting * the EOSP (for uAPSD) and MORE_DATA bits in the released frames, * to help the @more_data parameter is passed to tell the driver if * there is more data on other TIDs -- the TIDs to release frames * from are ignored since mac80211 doesn't know how many frames the * buffers for those TIDs contain. * * If the driver also implement GO mode, where absence periods may * shorten service periods (or abort PS-Poll responses), it must * filter those response frames except in the case of frames that * are buffered in the driver -- those must remain buffered to avoid * reordering. Because it is possible that no frames are released * in this case, the driver must call ieee80211_sta_eosp() * to indicate to mac80211 that the service period ended anyway. * * Finally, if frames from multiple TIDs are released from mac80211 * but the driver might reorder them, it must clear & set the flags * appropriately (only the last frame may have %IEEE80211_TX_STATUS_EOSP) * and also take care of the EOSP and MORE_DATA bits in the frame. * The driver may also use ieee80211_sta_eosp() in this case. * * Note that if the driver ever buffers frames other than QoS-data * frames, it must take care to never send a non-QoS-data frame as * the last frame in a service period, adding a QoS-nulldata frame * after a non-QoS-data frame if needed. */ /** * DOC: HW queue control * * Before HW queue control was introduced, mac80211 only had a single static * assignment of per-interface AC software queues to hardware queues. This * was problematic for a few reasons: * 1) off-channel transmissions might get stuck behind other frames * 2) multiple virtual interfaces couldn't be handled correctly * 3) after-DTIM frames could get stuck behind other frames * * To solve this, hardware typically uses multiple different queues for all * the different usages, and this needs to be propagated into mac80211 so it * won't have the same problem with the software queues. * * Therefore, mac80211 now offers the %IEEE80211_HW_QUEUE_CONTROL capability * flag that tells it that the driver implements its own queue control. To do * so, the driver will set up the various queues in each &struct ieee80211_vif * and the offchannel queue in &struct ieee80211_hw. In response, mac80211 will * use those queue IDs in the hw_queue field of &struct ieee80211_tx_info and * if necessary will queue the frame on the right software queue that mirrors * the hardware queue. * Additionally, the driver has to then use these HW queue IDs for the queue * management functions (ieee80211_stop_queue() et al.) * * The driver is free to set up the queue mappings as needed, multiple virtual * interfaces may map to the same hardware queues if needed. The setup has to * happen during add_interface or change_interface callbacks. For example, a * driver supporting station+station and station+AP modes might decide to have * 10 hardware queues to handle different scenarios: * * 4 AC HW queues for 1st vif: 0, 1, 2, 3 * 4 AC HW queues for 2nd vif: 4, 5, 6, 7 * after-DTIM queue for AP: 8 * off-channel queue: 9 * * It would then set up the hardware like this: * hw.offchannel_tx_hw_queue = 9 * * and the first virtual interface that is added as follows: * vif.hw_queue[IEEE80211_AC_VO] = 0 * vif.hw_queue[IEEE80211_AC_VI] = 1 * vif.hw_queue[IEEE80211_AC_BE] = 2 * vif.hw_queue[IEEE80211_AC_BK] = 3 * vif.cab_queue = 8 // if AP mode, otherwise %IEEE80211_INVAL_HW_QUEUE * and the second virtual interface with 4-7. * * If queue 6 gets full, for example, mac80211 would only stop the second * virtual interface's BE queue since virtual interface queues are per AC. * * Note that the vif.cab_queue value should be set to %IEEE80211_INVAL_HW_QUEUE * whenever the queue is not used (i.e. the interface is not in AP mode) if the * queue could potentially be shared since mac80211 will look at cab_queue when * a queue is stopped/woken even if the interface is not in AP mode. */ /** * enum ieee80211_filter_flags - hardware filter flags * * These flags determine what the filter in hardware should be * programmed to let through and what should not be passed to the * stack. It is always safe to pass more frames than requested, * but this has negative impact on power consumption. * * @FIF_ALLMULTI: pass all multicast frames, this is used if requested * by the user or if the hardware is not capable of filtering by * multicast address. * * @FIF_FCSFAIL: pass frames with failed FCS (but you need to set the * %RX_FLAG_FAILED_FCS_CRC for them) * * @FIF_PLCPFAIL: pass frames with failed PLCP CRC (but you need to set * the %RX_FLAG_FAILED_PLCP_CRC for them * * @FIF_BCN_PRBRESP_PROMISC: This flag is set during scanning to indicate * to the hardware that it should not filter beacons or probe responses * by BSSID. Filtering them can greatly reduce the amount of processing * mac80211 needs to do and the amount of CPU wakeups, so you should * honour this flag if possible. * * @FIF_CONTROL: pass control frames (except for PS Poll) addressed to this * station * * @FIF_OTHER_BSS: pass frames destined to other BSSes * * @FIF_PSPOLL: pass PS Poll frames * * @FIF_PROBE_REQ: pass probe request frames * * @FIF_MCAST_ACTION: pass multicast Action frames */ enum ieee80211_filter_flags { FIF_ALLMULTI = 1<<1, FIF_FCSFAIL = 1<<2, FIF_PLCPFAIL = 1<<3, FIF_BCN_PRBRESP_PROMISC = 1<<4, FIF_CONTROL = 1<<5, FIF_OTHER_BSS = 1<<6, FIF_PSPOLL = 1<<7, FIF_PROBE_REQ = 1<<8, FIF_MCAST_ACTION = 1<<9, }; /** * enum ieee80211_ampdu_mlme_action - A-MPDU actions * * These flags are used with the ampdu_action() callback in * &struct ieee80211_ops to indicate which action is needed. * * Note that drivers MUST be able to deal with a TX aggregation * session being stopped even before they OK'ed starting it by * calling ieee80211_start_tx_ba_cb_irqsafe, because the peer * might receive the addBA frame and send a delBA right away! * * @IEEE80211_AMPDU_RX_START: start RX aggregation * @IEEE80211_AMPDU_RX_STOP: stop RX aggregation * @IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_START: start TX aggregation, the driver must either * call ieee80211_start_tx_ba_cb_irqsafe() or * call ieee80211_start_tx_ba_cb_irqsafe() with status * %IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_START_DELAY_ADDBA to delay addba after * ieee80211_start_tx_ba_cb_irqsafe is called, or just return the special * status %IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_START_IMMEDIATE. * @IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_OPERATIONAL: TX aggregation has become operational * @IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_STOP_CONT: stop TX aggregation but continue transmitting * queued packets, now unaggregated. After all packets are transmitted the * driver has to call ieee80211_stop_tx_ba_cb_irqsafe(). * @IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_STOP_FLUSH: stop TX aggregation and flush all packets, * called when the station is removed. There's no need or reason to call * ieee80211_stop_tx_ba_cb_irqsafe() in this case as mac80211 assumes the * session is gone and removes the station. * @IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_STOP_FLUSH_CONT: called when TX aggregation is stopped * but the driver hasn't called ieee80211_stop_tx_ba_cb_irqsafe() yet and * now the connection is dropped and the station will be removed. Drivers * should clean up and drop remaining packets when this is called. */ enum ieee80211_ampdu_mlme_action { IEEE80211_AMPDU_RX_START, IEEE80211_AMPDU_RX_STOP, IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_START, IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_STOP_CONT, IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_STOP_FLUSH, IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_STOP_FLUSH_CONT, IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_OPERATIONAL, }; #define IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_START_IMMEDIATE 1 #define IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_START_DELAY_ADDBA 2 /** * struct ieee80211_ampdu_params - AMPDU action parameters * * @action: the ampdu action, value from %ieee80211_ampdu_mlme_action. * @sta: peer of this AMPDU session * @tid: tid of the BA session * @ssn: start sequence number of the session. TX/RX_STOP can pass 0. When * action is set to %IEEE80211_AMPDU_RX_START the driver passes back the * actual ssn value used to start the session and writes the value here. * @buf_size: reorder buffer size (number of subframes). Valid only when the * action is set to %IEEE80211_AMPDU_RX_START or * %IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_OPERATIONAL * @amsdu: indicates the peer's ability to receive A-MSDU within A-MPDU. * valid when the action is set to %IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_OPERATIONAL * @timeout: BA session timeout. Valid only when the action is set to * %IEEE80211_AMPDU_RX_START */ struct ieee80211_ampdu_params { enum ieee80211_ampdu_mlme_action action; struct ieee80211_sta *sta; u16 tid; u16 ssn; u16 buf_size; bool amsdu; u16 timeout; }; /** * enum ieee80211_frame_release_type - frame release reason * @IEEE80211_FRAME_RELEASE_PSPOLL: frame released for PS-Poll * @IEEE80211_FRAME_RELEASE_UAPSD: frame(s) released due to * frame received on trigger-enabled AC */ enum ieee80211_frame_release_type { IEEE80211_FRAME_RELEASE_PSPOLL, IEEE80211_FRAME_RELEASE_UAPSD, }; /** * enum ieee80211_rate_control_changed - flags to indicate what changed * * @IEEE80211_RC_BW_CHANGED: The bandwidth that can be used to transmit * to this station changed. The actual bandwidth is in the station * information -- for HT20/40 the IEEE80211_HT_CAP_SUP_WIDTH_20_40 * flag changes, for HT and VHT the bandwidth field changes. * @IEEE80211_RC_SMPS_CHANGED: The SMPS state of the station changed. * @IEEE80211_RC_SUPP_RATES_CHANGED: The supported rate set of this peer * changed (in IBSS mode) due to discovering more information about * the peer. * @IEEE80211_RC_NSS_CHANGED: N_SS (number of spatial streams) was changed * by the peer */ enum ieee80211_rate_control_changed { IEEE80211_RC_BW_CHANGED = BIT(0), IEEE80211_RC_SMPS_CHANGED = BIT(1), IEEE80211_RC_SUPP_RATES_CHANGED = BIT(2), IEEE80211_RC_NSS_CHANGED = BIT(3), }; /** * enum ieee80211_roc_type - remain on channel type * * With the support for multi channel contexts and multi channel operations, * remain on channel operations might be limited/deferred/aborted by other * flows/operations which have higher priority (and vice versa). * Specifying the ROC type can be used by devices to prioritize the ROC * operations compared to other operations/flows. * * @IEEE80211_ROC_TYPE_NORMAL: There are no special requirements for this ROC. * @IEEE80211_ROC_TYPE_MGMT_TX: The remain on channel request is required * for sending management frames offchannel. */ enum ieee80211_roc_type { IEEE80211_ROC_TYPE_NORMAL = 0, IEEE80211_ROC_TYPE_MGMT_TX, }; /** * enum ieee80211_reconfig_type - reconfig type * * This enum is used by the reconfig_complete() callback to indicate what * reconfiguration type was completed. * * @IEEE80211_RECONFIG_TYPE_RESTART: hw restart type * (also due to resume() callback returning 1) * @IEEE80211_RECONFIG_TYPE_SUSPEND: suspend type (regardless * of wowlan configuration) */ enum ieee80211_reconfig_type { IEEE80211_RECONFIG_TYPE_RESTART, IEEE80211_RECONFIG_TYPE_SUSPEND, }; /** * struct ieee80211_ops - callbacks from mac80211 to the driver * * This structure contains various callbacks that the driver may * handle or, in some cases, must handle, for example to configure * the hardware to a new channel or to transmit a frame. * * @tx: Handler that 802.11 module calls for each transmitted frame. * skb contains the buffer starting from the IEEE 802.11 header. * The low-level driver should send the frame out based on * configuration in the TX control data. This handler should, * preferably, never fail and stop queues appropriately. * Must be atomic. * * @start: Called before the first netdevice attached to the hardware * is enabled. This should turn on the hardware and must turn on * frame reception (for possibly enabled monitor interfaces.) * Returns negative error codes, these may be seen in userspace, * or zero. * When the device is started it should not have a MAC address * to avoid acknowledging frames before a non-monitor device * is added. * Must be implemented and can sleep. * * @stop: Called after last netdevice attached to the hardware * is disabled. This should turn off the hardware (at least * it must turn off frame reception.) * May be called right after add_interface if that rejects * an interface. If you added any work onto the mac80211 workqueue * you should ensure to cancel it on this callback. * Must be implemented and can sleep. * * @suspend: Suspend the device; mac80211 itself will quiesce before and * stop transmitting and doing any other configuration, and then * ask the device to suspend. This is only invoked when WoWLAN is * configured, otherwise the device is deconfigured completely and * reconfigured at resume time. * The driver may also impose special conditions under which it * wants to use the "normal" suspend (deconfigure), say if it only * supports WoWLAN when the device is associated. In this case, it * must return 1 from this function. * * @resume: If WoWLAN was configured, this indicates that mac80211 is * now resuming its operation, after this the device must be fully * functional again. If this returns an error, the only way out is * to also unregister the device. If it returns 1, then mac80211 * will also go through the regular complete restart on resume. * * @set_wakeup: Enable or disable wakeup when WoWLAN configuration is * modified. The reason is that device_set_wakeup_enable() is * supposed to be called when the configuration changes, not only * in suspend(). * * @add_interface: Called when a netdevice attached to the hardware is * enabled. Because it is not called for monitor mode devices, @start * and @stop must be implemented. * The driver should perform any initialization it needs before * the device can be enabled. The initial configuration for the * interface is given in the conf parameter. * The callback may refuse to add an interface by returning a * negative error code (which will be seen in userspace.) * Must be implemented and can sleep. * * @change_interface: Called when a netdevice changes type. This callback * is optional, but only if it is supported can interface types be * switched while the interface is UP. The callback may sleep. * Note that while an interface is being switched, it will not be * found by the interface iteration callbacks. * * @remove_interface: Notifies a driver that an interface is going down. * The @stop callback is called after this if it is the last interface * and no monitor interfaces are present. * When all interfaces are removed, the MAC address in the hardware * must be cleared so the device no longer acknowledges packets, * the mac_addr member of the conf structure is, however, set to the * MAC address of the device going away. * Hence, this callback must be implemented. It can sleep. * * @config: Handler for configuration requests. IEEE 802.11 code calls this * function to change hardware configuration, e.g., channel. * This function should never fail but returns a negative error code * if it does. The callback can sleep. * * @bss_info_changed: Handler for configuration requests related to BSS * parameters that may vary during BSS's lifespan, and may affect low * level driver (e.g. assoc/disassoc status, erp parameters). * This function should not be used if no BSS has been set, unless * for association indication. The @changed parameter indicates which * of the bss parameters has changed when a call is made. The callback * can sleep. * * @prepare_multicast: Prepare for multicast filter configuration. * This callback is optional, and its return value is passed * to configure_filter(). This callback must be atomic. * * @configure_filter: Configure the device's RX filter. * See the section "Frame filtering" for more information. * This callback must be implemented and can sleep. * * @config_iface_filter: Configure the interface's RX filter. * This callback is optional and is used to configure which frames * should be passed to mac80211. The filter_flags is the combination * of FIF_* flags. The changed_flags is a bit mask that indicates * which flags are changed. * This callback can sleep. * * @set_tim: Set TIM bit. mac80211 calls this function when a TIM bit * must be set or cleared for a given STA. Must be atomic. * * @set_key: See the section "Hardware crypto acceleration" * This callback is only called between add_interface and * remove_interface calls, i.e. while the given virtual interface * is enabled. * Returns a negative error code if the key can't be added. * The callback can sleep. * * @update_tkip_key: See the section "Hardware crypto acceleration" * This callback will be called in the context of Rx. Called for drivers * which set IEEE80211_KEY_FLAG_TKIP_REQ_RX_P1_KEY. * The callback must be atomic. * * @set_rekey_data: If the device supports GTK rekeying, for example while the * host is suspended, it can assign this callback to retrieve the data * necessary to do GTK rekeying, this is the KEK, KCK and replay counter. * After rekeying was done it should (for example during resume) notify * userspace of the new replay counter using ieee80211_gtk_rekey_notify(). * * @set_default_unicast_key: Set the default (unicast) key index, useful for * WEP when the device sends data packets autonomously, e.g. for ARP * offloading. The index can be 0-3, or -1 for unsetting it. * * @hw_scan: Ask the hardware to service the scan request, no need to start * the scan state machine in stack. The scan must honour the channel * configuration done by the regulatory agent in the wiphy's * registered bands. The hardware (or the driver) needs to make sure * that power save is disabled. * The @req ie/ie_len members are rewritten by mac80211 to contain the * entire IEs after the SSID, so that drivers need not look at these * at all but just send them after the SSID -- mac80211 includes the * (extended) supported rates and HT information (where applicable). * When the scan finishes, ieee80211_scan_completed() must be called; * note that it also must be called when the scan cannot finish due to * any error unless this callback returned a negative error code. * This callback is also allowed to return the special return value 1, * this indicates that hardware scan isn't desirable right now and a * software scan should be done instead. A driver wishing to use this * capability must ensure its (hardware) scan capabilities aren't * advertised as more capable than mac80211's software scan is. * The callback can sleep. * * @cancel_hw_scan: Ask the low-level tp cancel the active hw scan. * The driver should ask the hardware to cancel the scan (if possible), * but the scan will be completed only after the driver will call * ieee80211_scan_completed(). * This callback is needed for wowlan, to prevent enqueueing a new * scan_work after the low-level driver was already suspended. * The callback can sleep. * * @sched_scan_start: Ask the hardware to start scanning repeatedly at * specific intervals. The driver must call the * ieee80211_sched_scan_results() function whenever it finds results. * This process will continue until sched_scan_stop is called. * * @sched_scan_stop: Tell the hardware to stop an ongoing scheduled scan. * In this case, ieee80211_sched_scan_stopped() must not be called. * * @sw_scan_start: Notifier function that is called just before a software scan * is started. Can be NULL, if the driver doesn't need this notification. * The mac_addr parameter allows supporting NL80211_SCAN_FLAG_RANDOM_ADDR, * the driver may set the NL80211_FEATURE_SCAN_RANDOM_MAC_ADDR flag if it * can use this parameter. The callback can sleep. * * @sw_scan_complete: Notifier function that is called just after a * software scan finished. Can be NULL, if the driver doesn't need * this notification. * The callback can sleep. * * @get_stats: Return low-level statistics. * Returns zero if statistics are available. * The callback can sleep. * * @get_key_seq: If your device implements encryption in hardware and does * IV/PN assignment then this callback should be provided to read the * IV/PN for the given key from hardware. * The callback must be atomic. * * @set_frag_threshold: Configuration of fragmentation threshold. Assign this * if the device does fragmentation by itself. Note that to prevent the * stack from doing fragmentation IEEE80211_HW_SUPPORTS_TX_FRAG * should be set as well. * The callback can sleep. * * @set_rts_threshold: Configuration of RTS threshold (if device needs it) * The callback can sleep. * * @sta_add: Notifies low level driver about addition of an associated station, * AP, IBSS/WDS/mesh peer etc. This callback can sleep. * * @sta_remove: Notifies low level driver about removal of an associated * station, AP, IBSS/WDS/mesh peer etc. Note that after the callback * returns it isn't safe to use the pointer, not even RCU protected; * no RCU grace period is guaranteed between returning here and freeing * the station. See @sta_pre_rcu_remove if needed. * This callback can sleep. * * @sta_add_debugfs: Drivers can use this callback to add debugfs files * when a station is added to mac80211's station list. This callback * should be within a CONFIG_MAC80211_DEBUGFS conditional. This * callback can sleep. * * @sta_notify: Notifies low level driver about power state transition of an * associated station, AP, IBSS/WDS/mesh peer etc. For a VIF operating * in AP mode, this callback will not be called when the flag * %IEEE80211_HW_AP_LINK_PS is set. Must be atomic. * * @sta_set_txpwr: Configure the station tx power. This callback set the tx * power for the station. * This callback can sleep. * * @sta_state: Notifies low level driver about state transition of a * station (which can be the AP, a client, IBSS/WDS/mesh peer etc.) * This callback is mutually exclusive with @sta_add/@sta_remove. * It must not fail for down transitions but may fail for transitions * up the list of states. Also note that after the callback returns it * isn't safe to use the pointer, not even RCU protected - no RCU grace * period is guaranteed between returning here and freeing the station. * See @sta_pre_rcu_remove if needed. * The callback can sleep. * * @sta_pre_rcu_remove: Notify driver about station removal before RCU * synchronisation. This is useful if a driver needs to have station * pointers protected using RCU, it can then use this call to clear * the pointers instead of waiting for an RCU grace period to elapse * in @sta_state. * The callback can sleep. * * @sta_rc_update: Notifies the driver of changes to the bitrates that can be * used to transmit to the station. The changes are advertised with bits * from &enum ieee80211_rate_control_changed and the values are reflected * in the station data. This callback should only be used when the driver * uses hardware rate control (%IEEE80211_HW_HAS_RATE_CONTROL) since * otherwise the rate control algorithm is notified directly. * Must be atomic. * @sta_rate_tbl_update: Notifies the driver that the rate table changed. This * is only used if the configured rate control algorithm actually uses * the new rate table API, and is therefore optional. Must be atomic. * * @sta_statistics: Get statistics for this station. For example with beacon * filtering, the statistics kept by mac80211 might not be accurate, so * let the driver pre-fill the statistics. The driver can fill most of * the values (indicating which by setting the filled bitmap), but not * all of them make sense - see the source for which ones are possible. * Statistics that the driver doesn't fill will be filled by mac80211. * The callback can sleep. * * @conf_tx: Configure TX queue parameters (EDCF (aifs, cw_min, cw_max), * bursting) for a hardware TX queue. * Returns a negative error code on failure. * The callback can sleep. * * @get_tsf: Get the current TSF timer value from firmware/hardware. Currently, * this is only used for IBSS mode BSSID merging and debugging. Is not a * required function. * The callback can sleep. * * @set_tsf: Set the TSF timer to the specified value in the firmware/hardware. * Currently, this is only used for IBSS mode debugging. Is not a * required function. * The callback can sleep. * * @offset_tsf: Offset the TSF timer by the specified value in the * firmware/hardware. Preferred to set_tsf as it avoids delay between * calling set_tsf() and hardware getting programmed, which will show up * as TSF delay. Is not a required function. * The callback can sleep. * * @reset_tsf: Reset the TSF timer and allow firmware/hardware to synchronize * with other STAs in the IBSS. This is only used in IBSS mode. This * function is optional if the firmware/hardware takes full care of * TSF synchronization. * The callback can sleep. * * @tx_last_beacon: Determine whether the last IBSS beacon was sent by us. * This is needed only for IBSS mode and the result of this function is * used to determine whether to reply to Probe Requests. * Returns non-zero if this device sent the last beacon. * The callback can sleep. * * @get_survey: Return per-channel survey information * * @rfkill_poll: Poll rfkill hardware state. If you need this, you also * need to set wiphy->rfkill_poll to %true before registration, * and need to call wiphy_rfkill_set_hw_state() in the callback. * The callback can sleep. * * @set_coverage_class: Set slot time for given coverage class as specified * in IEEE 802.11-2007 section 17.3.8.6 and modify ACK timeout * accordingly; coverage class equals to -1 to enable ACK timeout * estimation algorithm (dynack). To disable dynack set valid value for * coverage class. This callback is not required and may sleep. * * @testmode_cmd: Implement a cfg80211 test mode command. The passed @vif may * be %NULL. The callback can sleep. * @testmode_dump: Implement a cfg80211 test mode dump. The callback can sleep. * * @flush: Flush all pending frames from the hardware queue, making sure * that the hardware queues are empty. The @queues parameter is a bitmap * of queues to flush, which is useful if different virtual interfaces * use different hardware queues; it may also indicate all queues. * If the parameter @drop is set to %true, pending frames may be dropped. * Note that vif can be NULL. * The callback can sleep. * * @channel_switch: Drivers that need (or want) to offload the channel * switch operation for CSAs received from the AP may implement this * callback. They must then call ieee80211_chswitch_done() to indicate * completion of the channel switch. * * @set_antenna: Set antenna configuration (tx_ant, rx_ant) on the device. * Parameters are bitmaps of allowed antennas to use for TX/RX. Drivers may * reject TX/RX mask combinations they cannot support by returning -EINVAL * (also see nl80211.h @NL80211_ATTR_WIPHY_ANTENNA_TX). * * @get_antenna: Get current antenna configuration from device (tx_ant, rx_ant). * * @remain_on_channel: Starts an off-channel period on the given channel, must * call back to ieee80211_ready_on_channel() when on that channel. Note * that normal channel traffic is not stopped as this is intended for hw * offload. Frames to transmit on the off-channel channel are transmitted * normally except for the %IEEE80211_TX_CTL_TX_OFFCHAN flag. When the * duration (which will always be non-zero) expires, the driver must call * ieee80211_remain_on_channel_expired(). * Note that this callback may be called while the device is in IDLE and * must be accepted in this case. * This callback may sleep. * @cancel_remain_on_channel: Requests that an ongoing off-channel period is * aborted before it expires. This callback may sleep. * * @set_ringparam: Set tx and rx ring sizes. * * @get_ringparam: Get tx and rx ring current and maximum sizes. * * @tx_frames_pending: Check if there is any pending frame in the hardware * queues before entering power save. * * @set_bitrate_mask: Set a mask of rates to be used for rate control selection * when transmitting a frame. Currently only legacy rates are handled. * The callback can sleep. * @event_callback: Notify driver about any event in mac80211. See * &enum ieee80211_event_type for the different types. * The callback must be atomic. * * @release_buffered_frames: Release buffered frames according to the given * parameters. In the case where the driver buffers some frames for * sleeping stations mac80211 will use this callback to tell the driver * to release some frames, either for PS-poll or uAPSD. * Note that if the @more_data parameter is %false the driver must check * if there are more frames on the given TIDs, and if there are more than * the frames being released then it must still set the more-data bit in * the frame. If the @more_data parameter is %true, then of course the * more-data bit must always be set. * The @tids parameter tells the driver which TIDs to release frames * from, for PS-poll it will always have only a single bit set. * In the case this is used for a PS-poll initiated release, the * @num_frames parameter will always be 1 so code can be shared. In * this case the driver must also set %IEEE80211_TX_STATUS_EOSP flag * on the TX status (and must report TX status) so that the PS-poll * period is properly ended. This is used to avoid sending multiple * responses for a retried PS-poll frame. * In the case this is used for uAPSD, the @num_frames parameter may be * bigger than one, but the driver may send fewer frames (it must send * at least one, however). In this case it is also responsible for * setting the EOSP flag in the QoS header of the frames. Also, when the * service period ends, the driver must set %IEEE80211_TX_STATUS_EOSP * on the last frame in the SP. Alternatively, it may call the function * ieee80211_sta_eosp() to inform mac80211 of the end of the SP. * This callback must be atomic. * @allow_buffered_frames: Prepare device to allow the given number of frames * to go out to the given station. The frames will be sent by mac80211 * via the usual TX path after this call. The TX information for frames * released will also have the %IEEE80211_TX_CTL_NO_PS_BUFFER flag set * and the last one will also have %IEEE80211_TX_STATUS_EOSP set. In case * frames from multiple TIDs are released and the driver might reorder * them between the TIDs, it must set the %IEEE80211_TX_STATUS_EOSP flag * on the last frame and clear it on all others and also handle the EOSP * bit in the QoS header correctly. Alternatively, it can also call the * ieee80211_sta_eosp() function. * The @tids parameter is a bitmap and tells the driver which TIDs the * frames will be on; it will at most have two bits set. * This callback must be atomic. * * @get_et_sset_count: Ethtool API to get string-set count. * * @get_et_stats: Ethtool API to get a set of u64 stats. * * @get_et_strings: Ethtool API to get a set of strings to describe stats * and perhaps other supported types of ethtool data-sets. * * @mgd_prepare_tx: Prepare for transmitting a management frame for association * before associated. In multi-channel scenarios, a virtual interface is * bound to a channel before it is associated, but as it isn't associated * yet it need not necessarily be given airtime, in particular since any * transmission to a P2P GO needs to be synchronized against the GO's * powersave state. mac80211 will call this function before transmitting a * management frame prior to having successfully associated to allow the * driver to give it channel time for the transmission, to get a response * and to be able to synchronize with the GO. * For drivers that set %IEEE80211_HW_DEAUTH_NEED_MGD_TX_PREP, mac80211 * would also call this function before transmitting a deauthentication * frame in case that no beacon was heard from the AP/P2P GO. * The callback will be called before each transmission and upon return * mac80211 will transmit the frame right away. * If duration is greater than zero, mac80211 hints to the driver the * duration for which the operation is requested. * The callback is optional and can (should!) sleep. * * @mgd_protect_tdls_discover: Protect a TDLS discovery session. After sending * a TDLS discovery-request, we expect a reply to arrive on the AP's * channel. We must stay on the channel (no PSM, scan, etc.), since a TDLS * setup-response is a direct packet not buffered by the AP. * mac80211 will call this function just before the transmission of a TDLS * discovery-request. The recommended period of protection is at least * 2 * (DTIM period). * The callback is optional and can sleep. * * @add_chanctx: Notifies device driver about new channel context creation. * This callback may sleep. * @remove_chanctx: Notifies device driver about channel context destruction. * This callback may sleep. * @change_chanctx: Notifies device driver about channel context changes that * may happen when combining different virtual interfaces on the same * channel context with different settings * This callback may sleep. * @assign_vif_chanctx: Notifies device driver about channel context being bound * to vif. Possible use is for hw queue remapping. * This callback may sleep. * @unassign_vif_chanctx: Notifies device driver about channel context being * unbound from vif. * This callback may sleep. * @switch_vif_chanctx: switch a number of vifs from one chanctx to * another, as specified in the list of * @ieee80211_vif_chanctx_switch passed to the driver, according * to the mode defined in &ieee80211_chanctx_switch_mode. * This callback may sleep. * * @start_ap: Start operation on the AP interface, this is called after all the * information in bss_conf is set and beacon can be retrieved. A channel * context is bound before this is called. Note that if the driver uses * software scan or ROC, this (and @stop_ap) isn't called when the AP is * just "paused" for scanning/ROC, which is indicated by the beacon being * disabled/enabled via @bss_info_changed. * @stop_ap: Stop operation on the AP interface. * * @reconfig_complete: Called after a call to ieee80211_restart_hw() and * during resume, when the reconfiguration has completed. * This can help the driver implement the reconfiguration step (and * indicate mac80211 is ready to receive frames). * This callback may sleep. * * @ipv6_addr_change: IPv6 address assignment on the given interface changed. * Currently, this is only called for managed or P2P client interfaces. * This callback is optional; it must not sleep. * * @channel_switch_beacon: Starts a channel switch to a new channel. * Beacons are modified to include CSA or ECSA IEs before calling this * function. The corresponding count fields in these IEs must be * decremented, and when they reach 1 the driver must call * ieee80211_csa_finish(). Drivers which use ieee80211_beacon_get() * get the csa counter decremented by mac80211, but must check if it is * 1 using ieee80211_beacon_counter_is_complete() after the beacon has been * transmitted and then call ieee80211_csa_finish(). * If the CSA count starts as zero or 1, this function will not be called, * since there won't be any time to beacon before the switch anyway. * @pre_channel_switch: This is an optional callback that is called * before a channel switch procedure is started (ie. when a STA * gets a CSA or a userspace initiated channel-switch), allowing * the driver to prepare for the channel switch. * @post_channel_switch: This is an optional callback that is called * after a channel switch procedure is completed, allowing the * driver to go back to a normal configuration. * @abort_channel_switch: This is an optional callback that is called * when channel switch procedure was completed, allowing the * driver to go back to a normal configuration. * @channel_switch_rx_beacon: This is an optional callback that is called * when channel switch procedure is in progress and additional beacon with * CSA IE was received, allowing driver to track changes in count. * @join_ibss: Join an IBSS (on an IBSS interface); this is called after all * information in bss_conf is set up and the beacon can be retrieved. A * channel context is bound before this is called. * @leave_ibss: Leave the IBSS again. * * @get_expected_throughput: extract the expected throughput towards the * specified station. The returned value is expressed in Kbps. It returns 0 * if the RC algorithm does not have proper data to provide. * * @get_txpower: get current maximum tx power (in dBm) based on configuration * and hardware limits. * * @tdls_channel_switch: Start channel-switching with a TDLS peer. The driver * is responsible for continually initiating channel-switching operations * and returning to the base channel for communication with the AP. The * driver receives a channel-switch request template and the location of * the switch-timing IE within the template as part of the invocation. * The template is valid only within the call, and the driver can * optionally copy the skb for further re-use. * @tdls_cancel_channel_switch: Stop channel-switching with a TDLS peer. Both * peers must be on the base channel when the call completes. * @tdls_recv_channel_switch: a TDLS channel-switch related frame (request or * response) has been received from a remote peer. The driver gets * parameters parsed from the incoming frame and may use them to continue * an ongoing channel-switch operation. In addition, a channel-switch * response template is provided, together with the location of the * switch-timing IE within the template. The skb can only be used within * the function call. * * @wake_tx_queue: Called when new packets have been added to the queue. * @sync_rx_queues: Process all pending frames in RSS queues. This is a * synchronization which is needed in case driver has in its RSS queues * pending frames that were received prior to the control path action * currently taken (e.g. disassociation) but are not processed yet. * * @start_nan: join an existing NAN cluster, or create a new one. * @stop_nan: leave the NAN cluster. * @nan_change_conf: change NAN configuration. The data in cfg80211_nan_conf * contains full new configuration and changes specify which parameters * are changed with respect to the last NAN config. * The driver gets both full configuration and the changed parameters since * some devices may need the full configuration while others need only the * changed parameters. * @add_nan_func: Add a NAN function. Returns 0 on success. The data in * cfg80211_nan_func must not be referenced outside the scope of * this call. * @del_nan_func: Remove a NAN function. The driver must call * ieee80211_nan_func_terminated() with * NL80211_NAN_FUNC_TERM_REASON_USER_REQUEST reason code upon removal. * @can_aggregate_in_amsdu: Called in order to determine if HW supports * aggregating two specific frames in the same A-MSDU. The relation * between the skbs should be symmetric and transitive. Note that while * skb is always a real frame, head may or may not be an A-MSDU. * @get_ftm_responder_stats: Retrieve FTM responder statistics, if available. * Statistics should be cumulative, currently no way to reset is provided. * * @start_pmsr: start peer measurement (e.g. FTM) (this call can sleep) * @abort_pmsr: abort peer measurement (this call can sleep) * @set_tid_config: Apply TID specific configurations. This callback may sleep. * @reset_tid_config: Reset TID specific configuration for the peer. * This callback may sleep. * @update_vif_offload: Update virtual interface offload flags * This callback may sleep. * @sta_set_4addr: Called to notify the driver when a station starts/stops using * 4-address mode */ struct ieee80211_ops { void (*tx)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_tx_control *control, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*start)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw); void (*stop)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw); #ifdef CONFIG_PM int (*suspend)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct cfg80211_wowlan *wowlan); int (*resume)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw); void (*set_wakeup)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, bool enabled); #endif int (*add_interface)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); int (*change_interface)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, enum nl80211_iftype new_type, bool p2p); void (*remove_interface)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); int (*config)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, u32 changed); void (*bss_info_changed)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_bss_conf *info, u32 changed); int (*start_ap)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); void (*stop_ap)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); u64 (*prepare_multicast)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct netdev_hw_addr_list *mc_list); void (*configure_filter)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, unsigned int changed_flags, unsigned int *total_flags, u64 multicast); void (*config_iface_filter)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, unsigned int filter_flags, unsigned int changed_flags); int (*set_tim)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, bool set); int (*set_key)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, enum set_key_cmd cmd, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, struct ieee80211_key_conf *key); void (*update_tkip_key)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_key_conf *conf, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, u32 iv32, u16 *phase1key); void (*set_rekey_data)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct cfg80211_gtk_rekey_data *data); void (*set_default_unicast_key)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, int idx); int (*hw_scan)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_scan_request *req); void (*cancel_hw_scan)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); int (*sched_scan_start)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request *req, struct ieee80211_scan_ies *ies); int (*sched_scan_stop)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); void (*sw_scan_start)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, const u8 *mac_addr); void (*sw_scan_complete)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); int (*get_stats)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_low_level_stats *stats); void (*get_key_seq)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_key_conf *key, struct ieee80211_key_seq *seq); int (*set_frag_threshold)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, u32 value); int (*set_rts_threshold)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, u32 value); int (*sta_add)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_sta *sta); int (*sta_remove)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_sta *sta); #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_DEBUGFS void (*sta_add_debugfs)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, struct dentry *dir); #endif void (*sta_notify)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, enum sta_notify_cmd, struct ieee80211_sta *sta); int (*sta_set_txpwr)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_sta *sta); int (*sta_state)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, enum ieee80211_sta_state old_state, enum ieee80211_sta_state new_state); void (*sta_pre_rcu_remove)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_sta *sta); void (*sta_rc_update)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, u32 changed); void (*sta_rate_tbl_update)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_sta *sta); void (*sta_statistics)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, struct station_info *sinfo); int (*conf_tx)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, u16 ac, const struct ieee80211_tx_queue_params *params); u64 (*get_tsf)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); void (*set_tsf)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, u64 tsf); void (*offset_tsf)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, s64 offset); void (*reset_tsf)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); int (*tx_last_beacon)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw); /** * @ampdu_action: * Perform a certain A-MPDU action. * The RA/TID combination determines the destination and TID we want * the ampdu action to be performed for. The action is defined through * ieee80211_ampdu_mlme_action. * When the action is set to %IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_OPERATIONAL the driver * may neither send aggregates containing more subframes than @buf_size * nor send aggregates in a way that lost frames would exceed the * buffer size. If just limiting the aggregate size, this would be * possible with a buf_size of 8: * * - ``TX: 1.....7`` * - ``RX: 2....7`` (lost frame #1) * - ``TX: 8..1...`` * * which is invalid since #1 was now re-transmitted well past the * buffer size of 8. Correct ways to retransmit #1 would be: * * - ``TX: 1 or`` * - ``TX: 18 or`` * - ``TX: 81`` * * Even ``189`` would be wrong since 1 could be lost again. * * Returns a negative error code on failure. The driver may return * %IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_START_IMMEDIATE for %IEEE80211_AMPDU_TX_START * if the session can start immediately. * * The callback can sleep. */ int (*ampdu_action)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_ampdu_params *params); int (*get_survey)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, int idx, struct survey_info *survey); void (*rfkill_poll)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw); void (*set_coverage_class)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, s16 coverage_class); #ifdef CONFIG_NL80211_TESTMODE int (*testmode_cmd)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, void *data, int len); int (*testmode_dump)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, void *data, int len); #endif void (*flush)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, u32 queues, bool drop); void (*channel_switch)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_channel_switch *ch_switch); int (*set_antenna)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, u32 tx_ant, u32 rx_ant); int (*get_antenna)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, u32 *tx_ant, u32 *rx_ant); int (*remain_on_channel)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_channel *chan, int duration, enum ieee80211_roc_type type); int (*cancel_remain_on_channel)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); int (*set_ringparam)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, u32 tx, u32 rx); void (*get_ringparam)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, u32 *tx, u32 *tx_max, u32 *rx, u32 *rx_max); bool (*tx_frames_pending)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw); int (*set_bitrate_mask)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, const struct cfg80211_bitrate_mask *mask); void (*event_callback)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, const struct ieee80211_event *event); void (*allow_buffered_frames)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, u16 tids, int num_frames, enum ieee80211_frame_release_type reason, bool more_data); void (*release_buffered_frames)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, u16 tids, int num_frames, enum ieee80211_frame_release_type reason, bool more_data); int (*get_et_sset_count)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, int sset); void (*get_et_stats)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ethtool_stats *stats, u64 *data); void (*get_et_strings)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, u32 sset, u8 *data); void (*mgd_prepare_tx)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, u16 duration); void (*mgd_protect_tdls_discover)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); int (*add_chanctx)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_chanctx_conf *ctx); void (*remove_chanctx)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_chanctx_conf *ctx); void (*change_chanctx)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_chanctx_conf *ctx, u32 changed); int (*assign_vif_chanctx)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_chanctx_conf *ctx); void (*unassign_vif_chanctx)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_chanctx_conf *ctx); int (*switch_vif_chanctx)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif_chanctx_switch *vifs, int n_vifs, enum ieee80211_chanctx_switch_mode mode); void (*reconfig_complete)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, enum ieee80211_reconfig_type reconfig_type); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) void (*ipv6_addr_change)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct inet6_dev *idev); #endif void (*channel_switch_beacon)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); int (*pre_channel_switch)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_channel_switch *ch_switch); int (*post_channel_switch)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); void (*abort_channel_switch)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); void (*channel_switch_rx_beacon)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_channel_switch *ch_switch); int (*join_ibss)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); void (*leave_ibss)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); u32 (*get_expected_throughput)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_sta *sta); int (*get_txpower)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, int *dbm); int (*tdls_channel_switch)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, u8 oper_class, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, struct sk_buff *tmpl_skb, u32 ch_sw_tm_ie); void (*tdls_cancel_channel_switch)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_sta *sta); void (*tdls_recv_channel_switch)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_tdls_ch_sw_params *params); void (*wake_tx_queue)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_txq *txq); void (*sync_rx_queues)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw); int (*start_nan)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct cfg80211_nan_conf *conf); int (*stop_nan)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); int (*nan_change_conf)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct cfg80211_nan_conf *conf, u32 changes); int (*add_nan_func)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, const struct cfg80211_nan_func *nan_func); void (*del_nan_func)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, u8 instance_id); bool (*can_aggregate_in_amsdu)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct sk_buff *head, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*get_ftm_responder_stats)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct cfg80211_ftm_responder_stats *ftm_stats); int (*start_pmsr)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct cfg80211_pmsr_request *request); void (*abort_pmsr)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct cfg80211_pmsr_request *request); int (*set_tid_config)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, struct cfg80211_tid_config *tid_conf); int (*reset_tid_config)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, u8 tids); void (*update_vif_offload)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif); void (*sta_set_4addr)(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, struct ieee80211_vif *vif, struct ieee80211_sta *sta, bool enabled); }; /** * ieee80211_alloc_hw_nm - Allocate a new hardware device * * This must be called once for each hardware device. The returned pointer * must be used to refer to this device when calling other functions. * mac80211 allocates a private data area for the driver pointed to by * @priv in &struct ieee80211_hw, the size of this area is given as * @priv_data_len. * * @priv_data_len: length of private data * @ops: callbacks for this device * @requested_name: Requested name for this device. * NULL is valid value, and means use the default naming (phy%d) * * Return: A pointer to the new hardware device, or %NULL on error. */ struct ieee80211_hw *ieee80211_alloc_hw_nm(size_t priv_data_len, const struct ieee80211_ops *ops, const char *requested_name); /** * ieee80211_alloc_hw - Allocate a new hardware device * * This must be called once for each hardware device. The returned pointer * must be used to refer to this device when calling other functions. * mac80211 allocates a private data area for the driver pointed to by * @priv in &struct ieee80211_hw, the size of this area is given as * @priv_data_len. * * @priv_data_len: length of private data * @ops: callbacks for this device * * Return: A pointer to the new hardware device, or %NULL on error. */ static inline struct ieee80211_hw *ieee80211_alloc_hw(size_t priv_data_len, const struct ieee80211_ops *ops) { return ieee80211_alloc_hw_nm(priv_data_len, ops, NULL); } /** * ieee80211_register_hw - Register hardware device * * You must call this function before any other functions in * mac80211. Note that before a hardware can be registered, you * need to fill the contained wiphy's information. * * @hw: the device to register as returned by ieee80211_alloc_hw() * * Return: 0 on success. An error code otherwise. */ int ieee80211_register_hw(struct ieee80211_hw *hw); /** * struct ieee80211_tpt_blink - throughput blink description * @throughput: throughput in Kbit/sec * @blink_time: blink time in milliseconds * (full cycle, ie. one off + one on period) */ struct ieee80211_tpt_blink { int throughput; int blink_time; }; /** * enum ieee80211_tpt_led_trigger_flags - throughput trigger flags * @IEEE80211_TPT_LEDTRIG_FL_RADIO: enable blinking with radio * @IEEE80211_TPT_LEDTRIG_FL_WORK: enable blinking when working * @IEEE80211_TPT_LEDTRIG_FL_CONNECTED: enable blinking when at least one * interface is connected in some way, including being an AP */ enum ieee80211_tpt_led_trigger_flags { IEEE80211_TPT_LEDTRIG_FL_RADIO = BIT(0), IEEE80211_TPT_LEDTRIG_FL_WORK = BIT(1), IEEE80211_TPT_LEDTRIG_FL_CONNECTED = BIT(2), }; #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS const char *__ieee80211_get_tx_led_name(struct ieee80211_hw *hw); const char *__ieee80211_get_rx_led_name(struct ieee80211_hw *hw); const char *__ieee80211_get_assoc_led_name(struct ieee80211_hw *hw); const char *__ieee80211_get_radio_led_name(struct ieee80211_hw *hw); const char * __ieee80211_create_tpt_led_trigger(struct ieee80211_hw *hw, unsigned int flags,