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* http://lse.sourceforge.net/locking/rcupdate.html * */ #ifndef __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H #define __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/bottom_half.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #define ULONG_CMP_GE(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 >= (a) - (b)) #define ULONG_CMP_LT(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 < (a) - (b)) #define ulong2long(a) (*(long *)(&(a))) #define USHORT_CMP_GE(a, b) (USHRT_MAX / 2 >= (unsigned short)((a) - (b))) #define USHORT_CMP_LT(a, b) (USHRT_MAX / 2 < (unsigned short)((a) - (b))) /* Exported common interfaces */ void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func); void rcu_barrier_tasks(void); void rcu_barrier_tasks_rude(void); void synchronize_rcu(void); #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU void __rcu_read_lock(void); void __rcu_read_unlock(void); /* * Defined as a macro as it is a very low level header included from * areas that don't even know about current. This gives the rcu_read_lock() * nesting depth, but makes sense only if CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU -- in other * types of kernel builds, the rcu_read_lock() nesting depth is unknowable. */ #define rcu_preempt_depth() (current->rcu_read_lock_nesting) #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_RCU #define rcu_read_unlock_strict() do { } while (0) #else void rcu_read_unlock_strict(void); #endif static inline void __rcu_read_lock(void) { preempt_disable(); } static inline void __rcu_read_unlock(void) { preempt_enable(); rcu_read_unlock_strict(); } static inline int rcu_preempt_depth(void) { return 0; } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ /* Internal to kernel */ void rcu_init(void); extern int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly; void rcu_sched_clock_irq(int user); void rcu_report_dead(unsigned int cpu); void rcutree_migrate_callbacks(int cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC void rcu_init_tasks_generic(void); #else static inline void rcu_init_tasks_generic(void) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON void rcu_sysrq_start(void); void rcu_sysrq_end(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON */ static inline void rcu_sysrq_start(void) { } static inline void rcu_sysrq_end(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON */ #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL void rcu_user_enter(void); void rcu_user_exit(void); #else static inline void rcu_user_enter(void) { } static inline void rcu_user_exit(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL */ #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU void rcu_init_nohz(void); void rcu_nocb_flush_deferred_wakeup(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */ static inline void rcu_init_nohz(void) { } static inline void rcu_nocb_flush_deferred_wakeup(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */ /** * RCU_NONIDLE - Indicate idle-loop code that needs RCU readers * @a: Code that RCU needs to pay attention to. * * RCU read-side critical sections are forbidden in the inner idle loop, * that is, between the rcu_idle_enter() and the rcu_idle_exit() -- RCU * will happily ignore any such read-side critical sections. However, * things like powertop need tracepoints in the inner idle loop. * * This macro provides the way out: RCU_NONIDLE(do_something_with_RCU()) * will tell RCU that it needs to pay attention, invoke its argument * (in this example, calling the do_something_with_RCU() function), * and then tell RCU to go back to ignoring this CPU. It is permissible * to nest RCU_NONIDLE() wrappers, but not indefinitely (but the limit is * on the order of a million or so, even on 32-bit systems). It is * not legal to block within RCU_NONIDLE(), nor is it permissible to * transfer control either into or out of RCU_NONIDLE()'s statement. */ #define RCU_NONIDLE(a) \ do { \ rcu_irq_enter_irqson(); \ do { a; } while (0); \ rcu_irq_exit_irqson(); \ } while (0) /* * Note a quasi-voluntary context switch for RCU-tasks's benefit. * This is a macro rather than an inline function to avoid #include hell. */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC # ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU # define rcu_tasks_classic_qs(t, preempt) \ do { \ if (!(preempt) && READ_ONCE((t)->rcu_tasks_holdout)) \ WRITE_ONCE((t)->rcu_tasks_holdout, false); \ } while (0) void call_rcu_tasks(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func); void synchronize_rcu_tasks(void); # else # define rcu_tasks_classic_qs(t, preempt) do { } while (0) # define call_rcu_tasks call_rcu # define synchronize_rcu_tasks synchronize_rcu # endif # ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU # define rcu_tasks_trace_qs(t) \ do { \ if (!likely(READ_ONCE((t)->trc_reader_checked)) && \ !unlikely(READ_ONCE((t)->trc_reader_nesting))) { \ smp_store_release(&(t)->trc_reader_checked, true); \ smp_mb(); /* Readers partitioned by store. */ \ } \ } while (0) # else # define rcu_tasks_trace_qs(t) do { } while (0) # endif #define rcu_tasks_qs(t, preempt) \ do { \ rcu_tasks_classic_qs((t), (preempt)); \ rcu_tasks_trace_qs((t)); \ } while (0) # ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RUDE_RCU void call_rcu_tasks_rude(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func); void synchronize_rcu_tasks_rude(void); # endif #define rcu_note_voluntary_context_switch(t) rcu_tasks_qs(t, false) void exit_tasks_rcu_start(void); void exit_tasks_rcu_finish(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC */ #define rcu_tasks_qs(t, preempt) do { } while (0) #define rcu_note_voluntary_context_switch(t) do { } while (0) #define call_rcu_tasks call_rcu #define synchronize_rcu_tasks synchronize_rcu static inline void exit_tasks_rcu_start(void) { } static inline void exit_tasks_rcu_finish(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU_GENERIC */ /** * cond_resched_tasks_rcu_qs - Report potential quiescent states to RCU * * This macro resembles cond_resched(), except that it is defined to * report potential quiescent states to RCU-tasks even if the cond_resched() * machinery were to be shut off, as some advocate for PREEMPTION kernels. */ #define cond_resched_tasks_rcu_qs() \ do { \ rcu_tasks_qs(current, false); \ cond_resched(); \ } while (0) /* * Infrastructure to implement the synchronize_() primitives in * TREE_RCU and rcu_barrier_() primitives in TINY_RCU. */ #if defined(CONFIG_TREE_RCU) #include <linux/rcutree.h> #elif defined(CONFIG_TINY_RCU) #include <linux/rcutiny.h> #else #error "Unknown RCU implementation specified to kernel configuration" #endif /* * The init_rcu_head_on_stack() and destroy_rcu_head_on_stack() calls * are needed for dynamic initialization and destruction of rcu_head * on the stack, and init_rcu_head()/destroy_rcu_head() are needed for * dynamic initialization and destruction of statically allocated rcu_head * structures. However, rcu_head structures allocated dynamically in the * heap don't need any initialization. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD void init_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head); void destroy_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head); void init_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head); void destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head); #else /* !CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD */ static inline void init_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head) { } static inline void destroy_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head) { } static inline void init_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head) { } static inline void destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(struct rcu_head *head) { } #endif /* #else !CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD */ #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) bool rcu_lockdep_current_cpu_online(void); #else /* #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) */ static inline bool rcu_lockdep_current_cpu_online(void) { return true; } #endif /* #else #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) && defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC static inline void rcu_lock_acquire(struct lockdep_map *map) { lock_acquire(map, 0, 0, 2, 0, NULL, _THIS_IP_); } static inline void rcu_lock_release(struct lockdep_map *map) { lock_release(map, _THIS_IP_); } extern struct lockdep_map rcu_lock_map; extern struct lockdep_map rcu_bh_lock_map; extern struct lockdep_map rcu_sched_lock_map; extern struct lockdep_map rcu_callback_map; int debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled(void); int rcu_read_lock_held(void); int rcu_read_lock_bh_held(void); int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void); int rcu_read_lock_any_held(void); #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */ # define rcu_lock_acquire(a) do { } while (0) # define rcu_lock_release(a) do { } while (0) static inline int rcu_read_lock_held(void) { return 1; } static inline int rcu_read_lock_bh_held(void) { return 1; } static inline int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void) { return !preemptible(); } static inline int rcu_read_lock_any_held(void) { return !preemptible(); } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU /** * RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN - emit lockdep splat if specified condition is met * @c: condition to check * @s: informative message */ #define RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(c, s) \ do { \ static bool __section(".data.unlikely") __warned; \ if ((c) && debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() && !__warned) { \ __warned = true; \ lockdep_rcu_suspicious(__FILE__, __LINE__, s); \ } \ } while (0) #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) && !defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU) static inline void rcu_preempt_sleep_check(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map), "Illegal context switch in RCU read-side critical section"); } #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ static inline void rcu_preempt_sleep_check(void) { } #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ #define rcu_sleep_check() \ do { \ rcu_preempt_sleep_check(); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map), \ "Illegal context switch in RCU-bh read-side critical section"); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map), \ "Illegal context switch in RCU-sched read-side critical section"); \ } while (0) #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ #define RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(c, s) do { } while (0) #define rcu_sleep_check() do { } while (0) #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ /* * Helper functions for rcu_dereference_check(), rcu_dereference_protected() * and rcu_assign_pointer(). Some of these could be folded into their * callers, but they are left separate in order to ease introduction of * multiple pointers markings to match different RCU implementations * (e.g., __srcu), should this make sense in the future. */ #ifdef __CHECKER__ #define rcu_check_sparse(p, space) \ ((void)(((typeof(*p) space *)p) == p)) #else /* #ifdef __CHECKER__ */ #define rcu_check_sparse(p, space) #endif /* #else #ifdef __CHECKER__ */ #define __rcu_access_pointer(p, space) \ ({ \ typeof(*p) *_________p1 = (typeof(*p) *__force)READ_ONCE(p); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, space); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(_________p1)); \ }) #define __rcu_dereference_check(p, c, space) \ ({ \ /* Dependency order vs. p above. */ \ typeof(*p) *________p1 = (typeof(*p) *__force)READ_ONCE(p); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(c), "suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage"); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, space); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(________p1)); \ }) #define __rcu_dereference_protected(p, c, space) \ ({ \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(c), "suspicious rcu_dereference_protected() usage"); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, space); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(p)); \ }) #define rcu_dereference_raw(p) \ ({ \ /* Dependency order vs. p above. */ \ typeof(p) ________p1 = READ_ONCE(p); \ ((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(________p1)); \ }) /** * RCU_INITIALIZER() - statically initialize an RCU-protected global variable * @v: The value to statically initialize with. */ #define RCU_INITIALIZER(v) (typeof(*(v)) __force __rcu *)(v) /** * rcu_assign_pointer() - assign to RCU-protected pointer * @p: pointer to assign to * @v: value to assign (publish) * * Assigns the specified value to the specified RCU-protected * pointer, ensuring that any concurrent RCU readers will see * any prior initialization. * * Inserts memory barriers on architectures that require them * (which is most of them), and also prevents the compiler from * reordering the code that initializes the structure after the pointer * assignment. More importantly, this call documents which pointers * will be dereferenced by RCU read-side code. * * In some special cases, you may use RCU_INIT_POINTER() instead * of rcu_assign_pointer(). RCU_INIT_POINTER() is a bit faster due * to the fact that it does not constrain either the CPU or the compiler. * That said, using RCU_INIT_POINTER() when you should have used * rcu_assign_pointer() is a very bad thing that results in * impossible-to-diagnose memory corruption. So please be careful. * See the RCU_INIT_POINTER() comment header for details. * * Note that rcu_assign_pointer() evaluates each of its arguments only * once, appearances notwithstanding. One of the "extra" evaluations * is in typeof() and the other visible only to sparse (__CHECKER__), * neither of which actually execute the argument. As with most cpp * macros, this execute-arguments-only-once property is important, so * please be careful when making changes to rcu_assign_pointer() and the * other macros that it invokes. */ #define rcu_assign_pointer(p, v) \ do { \ uintptr_t _r_a_p__v = (uintptr_t)(v); \ rcu_check_sparse(p, __rcu); \ \ if (__builtin_constant_p(v) && (_r_a_p__v) == (uintptr_t)NULL) \ WRITE_ONCE((p), (typeof(p))(_r_a_p__v)); \ else \ smp_store_release(&p, RCU_INITIALIZER((typeof(p))_r_a_p__v)); \ } while (0) /** * rcu_replace_pointer() - replace an RCU pointer, returning its old value * @rcu_ptr: RCU pointer, whose old value is returned * @ptr: regular pointer * @c: the lockdep conditions under which the dereference will take place * * Perform a replacement, where @rcu_ptr is an RCU-annotated * pointer and @c is the lockdep argument that is passed to the * rcu_dereference_protected() call used to read that pointer. The old * value of @rcu_ptr is returned, and @rcu_ptr is set to @ptr. */ #define rcu_replace_pointer(rcu_ptr, ptr, c) \ ({ \ typeof(ptr) __tmp = rcu_dereference_protected((rcu_ptr), (c)); \ rcu_assign_pointer((rcu_ptr), (ptr)); \ __tmp; \ }) /** * rcu_access_pointer() - fetch RCU pointer with no dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read * * Return the value of the specified RCU-protected pointer, but omit the * lockdep checks for being in an RCU read-side critical section. This is * useful when the value of this pointer is accessed, but the pointer is * not dereferenced, for example, when testing an RCU-protected pointer * against NULL. Although rcu_access_pointer() may also be used in cases * where update-side locks prevent the value of the pointer from changing, * you should instead use rcu_dereference_protected() for this use case. * * It is also permissible to use rcu_access_pointer() when read-side * access to the pointer was removed at least one grace period ago, as * is the case in the context of the RCU callback that is freeing up * the data, or after a synchronize_rcu() returns. This can be useful * when tearing down multi-linked structures after a grace period * has elapsed. */ #define rcu_access_pointer(p) __rcu_access_pointer((p), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_check() - rcu_dereference with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * Do an rcu_dereference(), but check that the conditions under which the * dereference will take place are correct. Typically the conditions * indicate the various locking conditions that should be held at that * point. The check should return true if the conditions are satisfied. * An implicit check for being in an RCU read-side critical section * (rcu_read_lock()) is included. * * For example: * * bar = rcu_dereference_check(foo->bar, lockdep_is_held(&foo->lock)); * * could be used to indicate to lockdep that foo->bar may only be dereferenced * if either rcu_read_lock() is held, or that the lock required to replace * the bar struct at foo->bar is held. * * Note that the list of conditions may also include indications of when a lock * need not be held, for example during initialisation or destruction of the * target struct: * * bar = rcu_dereference_check(foo->bar, lockdep_is_held(&foo->lock) || * atomic_read(&foo->usage) == 0); * * Inserts memory barriers on architectures that require them * (currently only the Alpha), prevents the compiler from refetching * (and from merging fetches), and, more importantly, documents exactly * which pointers are protected by RCU and checks that the pointer is * annotated as __rcu. */ #define rcu_dereference_check(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_check((p), (c) || rcu_read_lock_held(), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_bh_check() - rcu_dereference_bh with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * This is the RCU-bh counterpart to rcu_dereference_check(). */ #define rcu_dereference_bh_check(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_check((p), (c) || rcu_read_lock_bh_held(), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_sched_check() - rcu_dereference_sched with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * This is the RCU-sched counterpart to rcu_dereference_check(). */ #define rcu_dereference_sched_check(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_check((p), (c) || rcu_read_lock_sched_held(), \ __rcu) /* * The tracing infrastructure traces RCU (we want that), but unfortunately * some of the RCU checks causes tracing to lock up the system. * * The no-tracing version of rcu_dereference_raw() must not call * rcu_read_lock_held(). */ #define rcu_dereference_raw_check(p) __rcu_dereference_check((p), 1, __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference_protected() - fetch RCU pointer when updates prevented * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * @c: The conditions under which the dereference will take place * * Return the value of the specified RCU-protected pointer, but omit * the READ_ONCE(). This is useful in cases where update-side locks * prevent the value of the pointer from changing. Please note that this * primitive does *not* prevent the compiler from repeating this reference * or combining it with other references, so it should not be used without * protection of appropriate locks. * * This function is only for update-side use. Using this function * when protected only by rcu_read_lock() will result in infrequent * but very ugly failures. */ #define rcu_dereference_protected(p, c) \ __rcu_dereference_protected((p), (c), __rcu) /** * rcu_dereference() - fetch RCU-protected pointer for dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * This is a simple wrapper around rcu_dereference_check(). */ #define rcu_dereference(p) rcu_dereference_check(p, 0) /** * rcu_dereference_bh() - fetch an RCU-bh-protected pointer for dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work. */ #define rcu_dereference_bh(p) rcu_dereference_bh_check(p, 0) /** * rcu_dereference_sched() - fetch RCU-sched-protected pointer for dereferencing * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * Makes rcu_dereference_check() do the dirty work. */ #define rcu_dereference_sched(p) rcu_dereference_sched_check(p, 0) /** * rcu_pointer_handoff() - Hand off a pointer from RCU to other mechanism * @p: The pointer to hand off * * This is simply an identity function, but it documents where a pointer * is handed off from RCU to some other synchronization mechanism, for * example, reference counting or locking. In C11, it would map to * kill_dependency(). It could be used as follows:: * * rcu_read_lock(); * p = rcu_dereference(gp); * long_lived = is_long_lived(p); * if (long_lived) { * if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(p->refcnt)) * long_lived = false; * else * p = rcu_pointer_handoff(p); * } * rcu_read_unlock(); */ #define rcu_pointer_handoff(p) (p) /** * rcu_read_lock() - mark the beginning of an RCU read-side critical section * * When synchronize_rcu() is invoked on one CPU while other CPUs * are within RCU read-side critical sections, then the * synchronize_rcu() is guaranteed to block until after all the other * CPUs exit their critical sections. Similarly, if call_rcu() is invoked * on one CPU while other CPUs are within RCU read-side critical * sections, invocation of the corresponding RCU callback is deferred * until after the all the other CPUs exit their critical sections. * * Note, however, that RCU callbacks are permitted to run concurrently * with new RCU read-side critical sections. One way that this can happen * is via the following sequence of events: (1) CPU 0 enters an RCU * read-side critical section, (2) CPU 1 invokes call_rcu() to register * an RCU callback, (3) CPU 0 exits the RCU read-side critical section, * (4) CPU 2 enters a RCU read-side critical section, (5) the RCU * callback is invoked. This is legal, because the RCU read-side critical * section that was running concurrently with the call_rcu() (and which * therefore might be referencing something that the corresponding RCU * callback would free up) has completed before the corresponding * RCU callback is invoked. * * RCU read-side critical sections may be nested. Any deferred actions * will be deferred until the outermost RCU read-side critical section * completes. * * You can avoid reading and understanding the next paragraph by * following this rule: don't put anything in an rcu_read_lock() RCU * read-side critical section that would block in a !PREEMPTION kernel. * But if you want the full story, read on! * * In non-preemptible RCU implementations (pure TREE_RCU and TINY_RCU), * it is illegal to block while in an RCU read-side critical section. * In preemptible RCU implementations (PREEMPT_RCU) in CONFIG_PREEMPTION * kernel builds, RCU read-side critical sections may be preempted, * but explicit blocking is illegal. Finally, in preemptible RCU * implementations in real-time (with -rt patchset) kernel builds, RCU * read-side critical sections may be preempted and they may also block, but * only when acquiring spinlocks that are subject to priority inheritance. */ static __always_inline void rcu_read_lock(void) { __rcu_read_lock(); __acquire(RCU); rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_lock_map); RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_lock() used illegally while idle"); } /* * So where is rcu_write_lock()? It does not exist, as there is no * way for writers to lock out RCU readers. This is a feature, not * a bug -- this property is what provides RCU's performance benefits. * Of course, writers must coordinate with each other. The normal * spinlock primitives work well for this, but any other technique may be * used as well. RCU does not care how the writers keep out of each * others' way, as long as they do so. */ /** * rcu_read_unlock() - marks the end of an RCU read-side critical section. * * In most situations, rcu_read_unlock() is immune from deadlock. * However, in kernels built with CONFIG_RCU_BOOST, rcu_read_unlock() * is responsible for deboosting, which it does via rt_mutex_unlock(). * Unfortunately, this function acquires the scheduler's runqueue and * priority-inheritance spinlocks. This means that deadlock could result * if the caller of rcu_read_unlock() already holds one of these locks or * any lock that is ever acquired while holding them. * * That said, RCU readers are never priority boosted unless they were * preempted. Therefore, one way to avoid deadlock is to make sure * that preemption never happens within any RCU read-side critical * section whose outermost rcu_read_unlock() is called with one of * rt_mutex_unlock()'s locks held. Such preemption can be avoided in * a number of ways, for example, by invoking preempt_disable() before * critical section's outermost rcu_read_lock(). * * Given that the set of locks acquired by rt_mutex_unlock() might change * at any time, a somewhat more future-proofed approach is to make sure * that that preemption never happens within any RCU read-side critical * section whose outermost rcu_read_unlock() is called with irqs disabled. * This approach relies on the fact that rt_mutex_unlock() currently only * acquires irq-disabled locks. * * The second of these two approaches is best in most situations, * however, the first approach can also be useful, at least to those * developers willing to keep abreast of the set of locks acquired by * rt_mutex_unlock(). * * See rcu_read_lock() for more information. */ static inline void rcu_read_unlock(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_unlock() used illegally while idle"); __release(RCU); __rcu_read_unlock(); rcu_lock_release(&rcu_lock_map); /* Keep acq info for rls diags. */ } /** * rcu_read_lock_bh() - mark the beginning of an RCU-bh critical section * * This is equivalent of rcu_read_lock(), but also disables softirqs. * Note that anything else that disables softirqs can also serve as * an RCU read-side critical section. * * Note that rcu_read_lock_bh() and the matching rcu_read_unlock_bh() * must occur in the same context, for example, it is illegal to invoke * rcu_read_unlock_bh() from one task if the matching rcu_read_lock_bh() * was invoked from some other task. */ static inline void rcu_read_lock_bh(void) { local_bh_disable(); __acquire(RCU_BH); rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_bh_lock_map); RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_lock_bh() used illegally while idle"); } /** * rcu_read_unlock_bh() - marks the end of a softirq-only RCU critical section * * See rcu_read_lock_bh() for more information. */ static inline void rcu_read_unlock_bh(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_unlock_bh() used illegally while idle"); rcu_lock_release(&rcu_bh_lock_map); __release(RCU_BH); local_bh_enable(); } /** * rcu_read_lock_sched() - mark the beginning of a RCU-sched critical section * * This is equivalent of rcu_read_lock(), but disables preemption. * Read-side critical sections can also be introduced by anything else * that disables preemption, including local_irq_disable() and friends. * * Note that rcu_read_lock_sched() and the matching rcu_read_unlock_sched() * must occur in the same context, for example, it is illegal to invoke * rcu_read_unlock_sched() from process context if the matching * rcu_read_lock_sched() was invoked from an NMI handler. */ static inline void rcu_read_lock_sched(void) { preempt_disable(); __acquire(RCU_SCHED); rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_sched_lock_map); RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_lock_sched() used illegally while idle"); } /* Used by lockdep and tracing: cannot be traced, cannot call lockdep. */ static inline notrace void rcu_read_lock_sched_notrace(void) { preempt_disable_notrace(); __acquire(RCU_SCHED); } /** * rcu_read_unlock_sched() - marks the end of a RCU-classic critical section * * See rcu_read_lock_sched() for more information. */ static inline void rcu_read_unlock_sched(void) { RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "rcu_read_unlock_sched() used illegally while idle"); rcu_lock_release(&rcu_sched_lock_map); __release(RCU_SCHED); preempt_enable(); } /* Used by lockdep and tracing: cannot be traced, cannot call lockdep. */ static inline notrace void rcu_read_unlock_sched_notrace(void) { __release(RCU_SCHED); preempt_enable_notrace(); } /** * RCU_INIT_POINTER() - initialize an RCU protected pointer * @p: The pointer to be initialized. * @v: The value to initialized the pointer to. * * Initialize an RCU-protected pointer in special cases where readers * do not need ordering constraints on the CPU or the compiler. These * special cases are: * * 1. This use of RCU_INIT_POINTER() is NULLing out the pointer *or* * 2. The caller has taken whatever steps are required to prevent * RCU readers from concurrently accessing this pointer *or* * 3. The referenced data structure has already been exposed to * readers either at compile time or via rcu_assign_pointer() *and* * * a. You have not made *any* reader-visible changes to * this structure since then *or* * b. It is OK for readers accessing this structure from its * new location to see the old state of the structure. (For * example, the changes were to statistical counters or to * other state where exact synchronization is not required.) * * Failure to follow these rules governing use of RCU_INIT_POINTER() will * result in impossible-to-diagnose memory corruption. As in the structures * will look OK in crash dumps, but any concurrent RCU readers might * see pre-initialized values of the referenced data structure. So * please be very careful how you use RCU_INIT_POINTER()!!! * * If you are creating an RCU-protected linked structure that is accessed * by a single external-to-structure RCU-protected pointer, then you may * use RCU_INIT_POINTER() to initialize the internal RCU-protected * pointers, but you must use rcu_assign_pointer() to initialize the * external-to-structure pointer *after* you have completely initialized * the reader-accessible portions of the linked structure. * * Note that unlike rcu_assign_pointer(), RCU_INIT_POINTER() provides no * ordering guarantees for either the CPU or the compiler. */ #define RCU_INIT_POINTER(p, v) \ do { \ rcu_check_sparse(p, __rcu); \ WRITE_ONCE(p, RCU_INITIALIZER(v)); \ } while (0) /** * RCU_POINTER_INITIALIZER() - statically initialize an RCU protected pointer * @p: The pointer to be initialized. * @v: The value to initialized the pointer to. * * GCC-style initialization for an RCU-protected pointer in a structure field. */ #define RCU_POINTER_INITIALIZER(p, v) \ .p = RCU_INITIALIZER(v) /* * Does the specified offset indicate that the corresponding rcu_head * structure can be handled by kvfree_rcu()? */ #define __is_kvfree_rcu_offset(offset) ((offset) < 4096) /* * Helper macro for kfree_rcu() to prevent argument-expansion eyestrain. */ #define __kvfree_rcu(head, offset) \ do { \ BUILD_BUG_ON(!__is_kvfree_rcu_offset(offset)); \ kvfree_call_rcu(head, (rcu_callback_t)(unsigned long)(offset)); \ } while (0) /** * kfree_rcu() - kfree an object after a grace period. * @ptr: pointer to kfree * @rhf: the name of the struct rcu_head within the type of @ptr. * * Many rcu callbacks functions just call kfree() on the base structure. * These functions are trivial, but their size adds up, and furthermore * when they are used in a kernel module, that module must invoke the * high-latency rcu_barrier() function at module-unload time. * * The kfree_rcu() function handles this issue. Rather than encoding a * function address in the embedded rcu_head structure, kfree_rcu() instead * encodes the offset of the rcu_head structure within the base structure. * Because the functions are not allowed in the low-order 4096 bytes of * kernel virtual memory, offsets up to 4095 bytes can be accommodated. * If the offset is larger than 4095 bytes, a compile-time error will * be generated in __kvfree_rcu(). If this error is triggered, you can * either fall back to use of call_rcu() or rearrange the structure to * position the rcu_head structure into the first 4096 bytes. * * Note that the allowable offset might decrease in the future, for example, * to allow something like kmem_cache_free_rcu(). * * The BUILD_BUG_ON check must not involve any function calls, hence the * checks are done in macros here. */ #define kfree_rcu(ptr, rhf) \ do { \ typeof (ptr) ___p = (ptr); \ \ if (___p) \ __kvfree_rcu(&((___p)->rhf), offsetof(typeof(*(ptr)), rhf)); \ } while (0) /** * kvfree_rcu() - kvfree an object after a grace period. * * This macro consists of one or two arguments and it is * based on whether an object is head-less or not. If it * has a head then a semantic stays the same as it used * to be before: * * kvfree_rcu(ptr, rhf); * * where @ptr is a pointer to kvfree(), @rhf is the name * of the rcu_head structure within the type of @ptr. * * When it comes to head-less variant, only one argument * is passed and that is just a pointer which has to be * freed after a grace period. Therefore the semantic is * * kvfree_rcu(ptr); * * where @ptr is a pointer to kvfree(). * * Please note, head-less way of freeing is permitted to * use from a context that has to follow might_sleep() * annotation. Otherwise, please switch and embed the * rcu_head structure within the type of @ptr. */ #define kvfree_rcu(...) KVFREE_GET_MACRO(__VA_ARGS__, \ kvfree_rcu_arg_2, kvfree_rcu_arg_1)(__VA_ARGS__) #define KVFREE_GET_MACRO(_1, _2, NAME, ...) NAME #define kvfree_rcu_arg_2(ptr, rhf) kfree_rcu(ptr, rhf) #define kvfree_rcu_arg_1(ptr) \ do { \ typeof(ptr) ___p = (ptr); \ \ if (___p) \ kvfree_call_rcu(NULL, (rcu_callback_t) (___p)); \ } while (0) /* * Place this after a lock-acquisition primitive to guarantee that * an UNLOCK+LOCK pair acts as a full barrier. This guarantee applies * if the UNLOCK and LOCK are executed by the same CPU or if the * UNLOCK and LOCK operate on the same lock variable. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WEAK_RELEASE_ACQUIRE #define smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() smp_mb() /* Full ordering for lock. */ #else /* #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WEAK_RELEASE_ACQUIRE */ #define smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() do { } while (0) #endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WEAK_RELEASE_ACQUIRE */ /* Has the specified rcu_head structure been handed to call_rcu()? */ /** * rcu_head_init - Initialize rcu_head for rcu_head_after_call_rcu() * @rhp: The rcu_head structure to initialize. * * If you intend to invoke rcu_head_after_call_rcu() to test whether a * given rcu_head structure has already been passed to call_rcu(), then * you must also invoke this rcu_head_init() function on it just after * allocating that structure. Calls to this function must not race with * calls to call_rcu(), rcu_head_after_call_rcu(), or callback invocation. */ static inline void rcu_head_init(struct rcu_head *rhp) { rhp->func = (rcu_callback_t)~0L; } /** * rcu_head_after_call_rcu() - Has this rcu_head been passed to call_rcu()? * @rhp: The rcu_head structure to test. * @f: The function passed to call_rcu() along with @rhp. * * Returns @true if the @rhp has been passed to call_rcu() with @func, * and @false otherwise. Emits a warning in any other case, including * the case where @rhp has already been invoked after a grace period. * Calls to this function must not race with callback invocation. One way * to avoid such races is to enclose the call to rcu_head_after_call_rcu() * in an RCU read-side critical section that includes a read-side fetch * of the pointer to the structure containing @rhp. */ static inline bool rcu_head_after_call_rcu(struct rcu_head *rhp, rcu_callback_t f) { rcu_callback_t func = READ_ONCE(rhp->func); if (func == f) return true; WARN_ON_ONCE(func != (rcu_callback_t)~0L); return false; } /* kernel/ksysfs.c definitions */ extern int rcu_expedited; extern int rcu_normal; #endif /* __LINUX_RCUPDATE_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM x86_fpu #if !defined(_TRACE_FPU_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_FPU_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(x86_fpu, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct fpu *, fpu) __field(bool, load_fpu) __field(u64, xfeatures) __field(u64, xcomp_bv) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->fpu = fpu; __entry->load_fpu = test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSXSAVE)) { __entry->xfeatures = fpu->state.xsave.header.xfeatures; __entry->xcomp_bv = fpu->state.xsave.header.xcomp_bv; } ), TP_printk("x86/fpu: %p load: %d xfeatures: %llx xcomp_bv: %llx", __entry->fpu, __entry->load_fpu, __entry->xfeatures, __entry->xcomp_bv ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_before_save, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_after_save, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_before_restore, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_after_restore, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_regs_activated, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_regs_deactivated, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_init_state, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_dropped, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_copy_src, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_copy_dst, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_xstate_check_failed, TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu), TP_ARGS(fpu) ); #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH #define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH asm/trace/ #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE #define TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE fpu #endif /* _TRACE_FPU_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/truncate.h * * Common inline functions needed for truncate support */ /* * Truncate blocks that were not used by write. We have to truncate the * pagecache as well so that corresponding buffers get properly unmapped. */ static inline void ext4_truncate_failed_write(struct inode *inode) { /* * We don't need to call ext4_break_layouts() because the blocks we * are truncating were never visible to userspace. */ down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); truncate_inode_pages(inode->i_mapping, inode->i_size); ext4_truncate(inode); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem); } /* * Work out how many blocks we need to proceed with the next chunk of a * truncate transaction. */ static inline unsigned long ext4_blocks_for_truncate(struct inode *inode) { ext4_lblk_t needed; needed = inode->i_blocks >> (inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits - 9); /* Give ourselves just enough room to cope with inodes in which * i_blocks is corrupt: we've seen disk corruptions in the past * which resulted in random data in an inode which looked enough * like a regular file for ext4 to try to delete it. Things * will go a bit crazy if that happens, but at least we should * try not to panic the whole kernel. */ if (needed < 2) needed = 2; /* But we need to bound the transaction so we don't overflow the * journal. */ if (needed > EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA) needed = EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA; return EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb) + needed; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef INT_BLK_MQ_TAG_H #define INT_BLK_MQ_TAG_H /* * Tag address space map. */ struct blk_mq_tags { unsigned int nr_tags; unsigned int nr_reserved_tags; atomic_t active_queues; struct sbitmap_queue *bitmap_tags; struct sbitmap_queue *breserved_tags; struct sbitmap_queue __bitmap_tags; struct sbitmap_queue __breserved_tags; struct request **rqs; struct request **static_rqs; struct list_head page_list; /* * used to clear request reference in rqs[] before freeing one * request pool */ spinlock_t lock; }; extern struct blk_mq_tags *blk_mq_init_tags(unsigned int nr_tags, unsigned int reserved_tags, int node, unsigned int flags); extern void blk_mq_free_tags(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int flags); extern int blk_mq_init_shared_sbitmap(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, unsigned int flags); extern void blk_mq_exit_shared_sbitmap(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set); extern unsigned int blk_mq_get_tag(struct blk_mq_alloc_data *data); extern void blk_mq_put_tag(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx, unsigned int tag); extern int blk_mq_tag_update_depth(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct blk_mq_tags **tags, unsigned int depth, bool can_grow); extern void blk_mq_tag_resize_shared_sbitmap(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, unsigned int size); extern void blk_mq_tag_wakeup_all(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, bool); void blk_mq_queue_tag_busy_iter(struct request_queue *q, busy_iter_fn *fn, void *priv); void blk_mq_all_tag_iter(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, busy_tag_iter_fn *fn, void *priv); static inline struct sbq_wait_state *bt_wait_ptr(struct sbitmap_queue *bt, struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (!hctx) return &bt->ws[0]; return sbq_wait_ptr(bt, &hctx->wait_index); } enum { BLK_MQ_NO_TAG = -1U, BLK_MQ_TAG_MIN = 1, BLK_MQ_TAG_MAX = BLK_MQ_NO_TAG - 1, }; extern bool __blk_mq_tag_busy(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *); extern void __blk_mq_tag_idle(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *); static inline bool blk_mq_tag_busy(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (!(hctx->flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_QUEUE_SHARED)) return false; return __blk_mq_tag_busy(hctx); } static inline void blk_mq_tag_idle(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (!(hctx->flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_QUEUE_SHARED)) return; __blk_mq_tag_idle(hctx); } static inline bool blk_mq_tag_is_reserved(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int tag) { return tag < tags->nr_reserved_tags; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_LWTUNNEL_H #define __NET_LWTUNNEL_H 1 #include <linux/lwtunnel.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <net/route.h> #define LWTUNNEL_HASH_BITS 7 #define LWTUNNEL_HASH_SIZE (1 << LWTUNNEL_HASH_BITS) /* lw tunnel state flags */ #define LWTUNNEL_STATE_OUTPUT_REDIRECT BIT(0) #define LWTUNNEL_STATE_INPUT_REDIRECT BIT(1) #define LWTUNNEL_STATE_XMIT_REDIRECT BIT(2) enum { LWTUNNEL_XMIT_DONE, LWTUNNEL_XMIT_CONTINUE, }; struct lwtunnel_state { __u16 type; __u16 flags; __u16 headroom; atomic_t refcnt; int (*orig_output)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*orig_input)(struct sk_buff *); struct rcu_head rcu; __u8 data[]; }; struct lwtunnel_encap_ops { int (*build_state)(struct net *net, struct nlattr *encap, unsigned int family, const void *cfg, struct lwtunnel_state **ts, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*destroy_state)(struct lwtunnel_state *lws); int (*output)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*input)(struct sk_buff *skb); int (*fill_encap)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate); int (*get_encap_size)(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate); int (*cmp_encap)(struct lwtunnel_state *a, struct lwtunnel_state *b); int (*xmit)(struct sk_buff *skb); struct module *owner; }; #ifdef CONFIG_LWTUNNEL void lwtstate_free(struct lwtunnel_state *lws); static inline struct lwtunnel_state * lwtstate_get(struct lwtunnel_state *lws) { if (lws) atomic_inc(&lws->refcnt); return lws; } static inline void lwtstate_put(struct lwtunnel_state *lws) { if (!lws) return; if (atomic_dec_and_test(&lws->refcnt)) lwtstate_free(lws); } static inline bool lwtunnel_output_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { if (lwtstate && (lwtstate->flags & LWTUNNEL_STATE_OUTPUT_REDIRECT)) return true; return false; } static inline bool lwtunnel_input_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { if (lwtstate && (lwtstate->flags & LWTUNNEL_STATE_INPUT_REDIRECT)) return true; return false; } static inline bool lwtunnel_xmit_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { if (lwtstate && (lwtstate->flags & LWTUNNEL_STATE_XMIT_REDIRECT)) return true; return false; } static inline unsigned int lwtunnel_headroom(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate, unsigned int mtu) { if ((lwtunnel_xmit_redirect(lwtstate) || lwtunnel_output_redirect(lwtstate)) && lwtstate->headroom < mtu) return lwtstate->headroom; return 0; } int lwtunnel_encap_add_ops(const struct lwtunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num); int lwtunnel_encap_del_ops(const struct lwtunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num); int lwtunnel_valid_encap_type(u16 encap_type, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int lwtunnel_valid_encap_type_attr(struct nlattr *attr, int len, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int lwtunnel_build_state(struct net *net, u16 encap_type, struct nlattr *encap, unsigned int family, const void *cfg, struct lwtunnel_state **lws, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int lwtunnel_fill_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate, int encap_attr, int encap_type_attr); int lwtunnel_get_encap_size(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate); struct lwtunnel_state *lwtunnel_state_alloc(int hdr_len); int lwtunnel_cmp_encap(struct lwtunnel_state *a, struct lwtunnel_state *b); int lwtunnel_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int lwtunnel_input(struct sk_buff *skb); int lwtunnel_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb); int bpf_lwt_push_ip_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, void *hdr, u32 len, bool ingress); static inline void lwtunnel_set_redirect(struct dst_entry *dst) { if (lwtunnel_output_redirect(dst->lwtstate)) { dst->lwtstate->orig_output = dst->output; dst->output = lwtunnel_output; } if (lwtunnel_input_redirect(dst->lwtstate)) { dst->lwtstate->orig_input = dst->input; dst->input = lwtunnel_input; } } #else static inline void lwtstate_free(struct lwtunnel_state *lws) { } static inline struct lwtunnel_state * lwtstate_get(struct lwtunnel_state *lws) { return lws; } static inline void lwtstate_put(struct lwtunnel_state *lws) { } static inline bool lwtunnel_output_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return false; } static inline bool lwtunnel_input_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return false; } static inline bool lwtunnel_xmit_redirect(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return false; } static inline void lwtunnel_set_redirect(struct dst_entry *dst) { } static inline unsigned int lwtunnel_headroom(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate, unsigned int mtu) { return 0; } static inline int lwtunnel_encap_add_ops(const struct lwtunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_encap_del_ops(const struct lwtunnel_encap_ops *op, unsigned int num) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_valid_encap_type(u16 encap_type, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "CONFIG_LWTUNNEL is not enabled in this kernel"); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_valid_encap_type_attr(struct nlattr *attr, int len, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { /* return 0 since we are not walking attr looking for * RTA_ENCAP_TYPE attribute on nexthops. */ return 0; } static inline int lwtunnel_build_state(struct net *net, u16 encap_type, struct nlattr *encap, unsigned int family, const void *cfg, struct lwtunnel_state **lws, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_fill_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate, int encap_attr, int encap_type_attr) { return 0; } static inline int lwtunnel_get_encap_size(struct lwtunnel_state *lwtstate) { return 0; } static inline struct lwtunnel_state *lwtunnel_state_alloc(int hdr_len) { return NULL; } static inline int lwtunnel_cmp_encap(struct lwtunnel_state *a, struct lwtunnel_state *b) { return 0; } static inline int lwtunnel_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_input(struct sk_buff *skb) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int lwtunnel_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } #endif /* CONFIG_LWTUNNEL */ #define MODULE_ALIAS_RTNL_LWT(encap_type) MODULE_ALIAS("rtnl-lwt-" __stringify(encap_type)) #endif /* __NET_LWTUNNEL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Connection state tracking for netfilter. This is separated from, * but required by, the (future) NAT layer; it can also be used by an iptables * extension. * * 16 Dec 2003: Yasuyuki Kozakai @USAGI <yasuyuki.kozakai@toshiba.co.jp> * - generalize L3 protocol dependent part. * * Derived from include/linux/netfiter_ipv4/ip_conntrack.h */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_H #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_common.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tcp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_dccp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sctp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_proto_gre.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tuple.h> struct nf_ct_udp { unsigned long stream_ts; }; /* per conntrack: protocol private data */ union nf_conntrack_proto { /* insert conntrack proto private data here */ struct nf_ct_dccp dccp; struct ip_ct_sctp sctp; struct ip_ct_tcp tcp; struct nf_ct_udp udp; struct nf_ct_gre gre; unsigned int tmpl_padto; }; union nf_conntrack_expect_proto { /* insert expect proto private data here */ }; struct nf_conntrack_net { unsigned int users4; unsigned int users6; unsigned int users_bridge; }; #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/netfilter/ipv4/nf_conntrack_ipv4.h> #include <net/netfilter/ipv6/nf_conntrack_ipv6.h> struct nf_conn { /* Usage count in here is 1 for hash table, 1 per skb, * plus 1 for any connection(s) we are `master' for * * Hint, SKB address this struct and refcnt via skb->_nfct and * helpers nf_conntrack_get() and nf_conntrack_put(). * Helper nf_ct_put() equals nf_conntrack_put() by dec refcnt, * beware nf_ct_get() is different and don't inc refcnt. */ struct nf_conntrack ct_general; spinlock_t lock; /* jiffies32 when this ct is considered dead */ u32 timeout; #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES struct nf_conntrack_zone zone; #endif /* XXX should I move this to the tail ? - Y.K */ /* These are my tuples; original and reply */ struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_MAX]; /* Have we seen traffic both ways yet? (bitset) */ unsigned long status; u16 cpu; possible_net_t ct_net; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) struct hlist_node nat_bysource; #endif /* all members below initialized via memset */ struct { } __nfct_init_offset; /* If we were expected by an expectation, this will be it */ struct nf_conn *master; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MARK) u_int32_t mark; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_SECMARK u_int32_t secmark; #endif /* Extensions */ struct nf_ct_ext *ext; /* Storage reserved for other modules, must be the last member */ union nf_conntrack_proto proto; }; static inline struct nf_conn * nf_ct_tuplehash_to_ctrack(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash *hash) { return container_of(hash, struct nf_conn, tuplehash[hash->tuple.dst.dir]); } static inline u_int16_t nf_ct_l3num(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.src.l3num; } static inline u_int8_t nf_ct_protonum(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.dst.protonum; } #define nf_ct_tuple(ct, dir) (&(ct)->tuplehash[dir].tuple) /* get master conntrack via master expectation */ #define master_ct(conntr) (conntr->master) extern struct net init_net; static inline struct net *nf_ct_net(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return read_pnet(&ct->ct_net); } /* Alter reply tuple (maybe alter helper). */ void nf_conntrack_alter_reply(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *newreply); /* Is this tuple taken? (ignoring any belonging to the given conntrack). */ int nf_conntrack_tuple_taken(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple, const struct nf_conn *ignored_conntrack); /* Return conntrack_info and tuple hash for given skb. */ static inline struct nf_conn * nf_ct_get(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum ip_conntrack_info *ctinfo) { unsigned long nfct = skb_get_nfct(skb); *ctinfo = nfct & NFCT_INFOMASK; return (struct nf_conn *)(nfct & NFCT_PTRMASK); } /* decrement reference count on a conntrack */ static inline void nf_ct_put(struct nf_conn *ct) { WARN_ON(!ct); nf_conntrack_put(&ct->ct_general); } /* Protocol module loading */ int nf_ct_l3proto_try_module_get(unsigned short l3proto); void nf_ct_l3proto_module_put(unsigned short l3proto); /* load module; enable/disable conntrack in this namespace */ int nf_ct_netns_get(struct net *net, u8 nfproto); void nf_ct_netns_put(struct net *net, u8 nfproto); /* * Allocate a hashtable of hlist_head (if nulls == 0), * or hlist_nulls_head (if nulls == 1) */ void *nf_ct_alloc_hashtable(unsigned int *sizep, int nulls); int nf_conntrack_hash_check_insert(struct nf_conn *ct); bool nf_ct_delete(struct nf_conn *ct, u32 pid, int report); bool nf_ct_get_tuplepr(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int nhoff, u_int16_t l3num, struct net *net, struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple); void __nf_ct_refresh_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies, bool do_acct); /* Refresh conntrack for this many jiffies and do accounting */ static inline void nf_ct_refresh_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies) { __nf_ct_refresh_acct(ct, ctinfo, skb, extra_jiffies, true); } /* Refresh conntrack for this many jiffies */ static inline void nf_ct_refresh(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies) { __nf_ct_refresh_acct(ct, 0, skb, extra_jiffies, false); } /* kill conntrack and do accounting */ bool nf_ct_kill_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb); /* kill conntrack without accounting */ static inline bool nf_ct_kill(struct nf_conn *ct) { return nf_ct_delete(ct, 0, 0); } /* Set all unconfirmed conntrack as dying */ void nf_ct_unconfirmed_destroy(struct net *); /* Iterate over all conntracks: if iter returns true, it's deleted. */ void nf_ct_iterate_cleanup_net(struct net *net, int (*iter)(struct nf_conn *i, void *data), void *data, u32 portid, int report); /* also set unconfirmed conntracks as dying. Only use in module exit path. */ void nf_ct_iterate_destroy(int (*iter)(struct nf_conn *i, void *data), void *data); struct nf_conntrack_zone; void nf_conntrack_free(struct nf_conn *ct); struct nf_conn *nf_conntrack_alloc(struct net *net, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *orig, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *repl, gfp_t gfp); static inline int nf_ct_is_template(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_TEMPLATE_BIT, &ct->status); } /* It's confirmed if it is, or has been in the hash table. */ static inline int nf_ct_is_confirmed(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_CONFIRMED_BIT, &ct->status); } static inline int nf_ct_is_dying(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_DYING_BIT, &ct->status); } /* Packet is received from loopback */ static inline bool nf_is_loopback_packet(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->dev && skb->skb_iif && skb->dev->flags & IFF_LOOPBACK; } #define nfct_time_stamp ((u32)(jiffies)) /* jiffies until ct expires, 0 if already expired */ static inline unsigned long nf_ct_expires(const struct nf_conn *ct) { s32 timeout = READ_ONCE(ct->timeout) - nfct_time_stamp; return timeout > 0 ? timeout : 0; } static inline bool nf_ct_is_expired(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return (__s32)(READ_ONCE(ct->timeout) - nfct_time_stamp) <= 0; } /* use after obtaining a reference count */ static inline bool nf_ct_should_gc(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return nf_ct_is_expired(ct) && nf_ct_is_confirmed(ct) && !nf_ct_is_dying(ct); } #define NF_CT_DAY (86400 * HZ) /* Set an arbitrary timeout large enough not to ever expire, this save * us a check for the IPS_OFFLOAD_BIT from the packet path via * nf_ct_is_expired(). */ static inline void nf_ct_offload_timeout(struct nf_conn *ct) { if (nf_ct_expires(ct) < NF_CT_DAY / 2) WRITE_ONCE(ct->timeout, nfct_time_stamp + NF_CT_DAY); } struct kernel_param; int nf_conntrack_set_hashsize(const char *val, const struct kernel_param *kp); int nf_conntrack_hash_resize(unsigned int hashsize); extern struct hlist_nulls_head *nf_conntrack_hash; extern unsigned int nf_conntrack_htable_size; extern seqcount_spinlock_t nf_conntrack_generation; extern unsigned int nf_conntrack_max; /* must be called with rcu read lock held */ static inline void nf_conntrack_get_ht(struct hlist_nulls_head **hash, unsigned int *hsize) { struct hlist_nulls_head *hptr; unsigned int sequence, hsz; do { sequence = read_seqcount_begin(&nf_conntrack_generation); hsz = nf_conntrack_htable_size; hptr = nf_conntrack_hash; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&nf_conntrack_generation, sequence)); *hash = hptr; *hsize = hsz; } struct nf_conn *nf_ct_tmpl_alloc(struct net *net, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, gfp_t flags); void nf_ct_tmpl_free(struct nf_conn *tmpl); u32 nf_ct_get_id(const struct nf_conn *ct); static inline void nf_ct_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info info) { skb_set_nfct(skb, (unsigned long)ct | info); } #define NF_CT_STAT_INC(net, count) __this_cpu_inc((net)->ct.stat->count) #define NF_CT_STAT_INC_ATOMIC(net, count) this_cpu_inc((net)->ct.stat->count) #define NF_CT_STAT_ADD_ATOMIC(net, count, v) this_cpu_add((net)->ct.stat->count, (v)) #define MODULE_ALIAS_NFCT_HELPER(helper) \ MODULE_ALIAS("nfct-helper-" helper) #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Authentication token and access key management * * Copyright (C) 2004, 2007 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) * * See Documentation/security/keys/core.rst for information on keys/keyrings. */ #ifndef _LINUX_KEY_H #define _LINUX_KEY_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/assoc_array.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/time64.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/uidgid.h> /* key handle serial number */ typedef int32_t key_serial_t; /* key handle permissions mask */ typedef uint32_t key_perm_t; struct key; struct net; #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS #undef KEY_DEBUGGING #define KEY_POS_VIEW 0x01000000 /* possessor can view a key's attributes */ #define KEY_POS_READ 0x02000000 /* possessor can read key payload / view keyring */ #define KEY_POS_WRITE 0x04000000 /* possessor can update key payload / add link to keyring */ #define KEY_POS_SEARCH 0x08000000 /* possessor can find a key in search / search a keyring */ #define KEY_POS_LINK 0x10000000 /* possessor can create a link to a key/keyring */ #define KEY_POS_SETATTR 0x20000000 /* possessor can set key attributes */ #define KEY_POS_ALL 0x3f000000 #define KEY_USR_VIEW 0x00010000 /* user permissions... */ #define KEY_USR_READ 0x00020000 #define KEY_USR_WRITE 0x00040000 #define KEY_USR_SEARCH 0x00080000 #define KEY_USR_LINK 0x00100000 #define KEY_USR_SETATTR 0x00200000 #define KEY_USR_ALL 0x003f0000 #define KEY_GRP_VIEW 0x00000100 /* group permissions... */ #define KEY_GRP_READ 0x00000200 #define KEY_GRP_WRITE 0x00000400 #define KEY_GRP_SEARCH 0x00000800 #define KEY_GRP_LINK 0x00001000 #define KEY_GRP_SETATTR 0x00002000 #define KEY_GRP_ALL 0x00003f00 #define KEY_OTH_VIEW 0x00000001 /* third party permissions... */ #define KEY_OTH_READ 0x00000002 #define KEY_OTH_WRITE 0x00000004 #define KEY_OTH_SEARCH 0x00000008 #define KEY_OTH_LINK 0x00000010 #define KEY_OTH_SETATTR 0x00000020 #define KEY_OTH_ALL 0x0000003f #define KEY_PERM_UNDEF 0xffffffff /* * The permissions required on a key that we're looking up. */ enum key_need_perm { KEY_NEED_UNSPECIFIED, /* Needed permission unspecified */ KEY_NEED_VIEW, /* Require permission to view attributes */ KEY_NEED_READ, /* Require permission to read content */ KEY_NEED_WRITE, /* Require permission to update / modify */ KEY_NEED_SEARCH, /* Require permission to search (keyring) or find (key) */ KEY_NEED_LINK, /* Require permission to link */ KEY_NEED_SETATTR, /* Require permission to change attributes */ KEY_NEED_UNLINK, /* Require permission to unlink key */ KEY_SYSADMIN_OVERRIDE, /* Special: override by CAP_SYS_ADMIN */ KEY_AUTHTOKEN_OVERRIDE, /* Special: override by possession of auth token */ KEY_DEFER_PERM_CHECK, /* Special: permission check is deferred */ }; struct seq_file; struct user_struct; struct signal_struct; struct cred; struct key_type; struct key_owner; struct key_tag; struct keyring_list; struct keyring_name; struct key_tag { struct rcu_head rcu; refcount_t usage; bool removed; /* T when subject removed */ }; struct keyring_index_key { /* [!] If this structure is altered, the union in struct key must change too! */ unsigned long hash; /* Hash value */ union { struct { #ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN /* Put desc_len at the LSB of x */ u16 desc_len; char desc[sizeof(long) - 2]; /* First few chars of description */ #else char desc[sizeof(long) - 2]; /* First few chars of description */ u16 desc_len; #endif }; unsigned long x; }; struct key_type *type; struct key_tag *domain_tag; /* Domain of operation */ const char *description; }; union key_payload { void __rcu *rcu_data0; void *data[4]; }; /*****************************************************************************/ /* * key reference with possession attribute handling * * NOTE! key_ref_t is a typedef'd pointer to a type that is not actually * defined. This is because we abuse the bottom bit of the reference to carry a * flag to indicate whether the calling process possesses that key in one of * its keyrings. * * the key_ref_t has been made a separate type so that the compiler can reject * attempts to dereference it without proper conversion. * * the three functions are used to assemble and disassemble references */ typedef struct __key_reference_with_attributes *key_ref_t; static inline key_ref_t make_key_ref(const struct key *key, bool possession) { return (key_ref_t) ((unsigned long) key | possession); } static inline struct key *key_ref_to_ptr(const key_ref_t key_ref) { return (struct key *) ((unsigned long) key_ref & ~1UL); } static inline bool is_key_possessed(const key_ref_t key_ref) { return (unsigned long) key_ref & 1UL; } typedef int (*key_restrict_link_func_t)(struct key *dest_keyring, const struct key_type *type, const union key_payload *payload, struct key *restriction_key); struct key_restriction { key_restrict_link_func_t check; struct key *key; struct key_type *keytype; }; enum key_state { KEY_IS_UNINSTANTIATED, KEY_IS_POSITIVE, /* Positively instantiated */ }; /*****************************************************************************/ /* * authentication token / access credential / keyring * - types of key include: * - keyrings * - disk encryption IDs * - Kerberos TGTs and tickets */ struct key { refcount_t usage; /* number of references */ key_serial_t serial; /* key serial number */ union { struct list_head graveyard_link; struct rb_node serial_node; }; #ifdef CONFIG_KEY_NOTIFICATIONS struct watch_list *watchers; /* Entities watching this key for changes */ #endif struct rw_semaphore sem; /* change vs change sem */ struct key_user *user; /* owner of this key */ void *security; /* security data for this key */ union { time64_t expiry; /* time at which key expires (or 0) */ time64_t revoked_at; /* time at which key was revoked */ }; time64_t last_used_at; /* last time used for LRU keyring discard */ kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; key_perm_t perm; /* access permissions */ unsigned short quotalen; /* length added to quota */ unsigned short datalen; /* payload data length * - may not match RCU dereferenced payload * - payload should contain own length */ short state; /* Key state (+) or rejection error (-) */ #ifdef KEY_DEBUGGING unsigned magic; #define KEY_DEBUG_MAGIC 0x18273645u #endif unsigned long flags; /* status flags (change with bitops) */ #define KEY_FLAG_DEAD 0 /* set if key type has been deleted */ #define KEY_FLAG_REVOKED 1 /* set if key had been revoked */ #define KEY_FLAG_IN_QUOTA 2 /* set if key consumes quota */ #define KEY_FLAG_USER_CONSTRUCT 3 /* set if key is being constructed in userspace */ #define KEY_FLAG_ROOT_CAN_CLEAR 4 /* set if key can be cleared by root without permission */ #define KEY_FLAG_INVALIDATED 5 /* set if key has been invalidated */ #define KEY_FLAG_BUILTIN 6 /* set if key is built in to the kernel */ #define KEY_FLAG_ROOT_CAN_INVAL 7 /* set if key can be invalidated by root without permission */ #define KEY_FLAG_KEEP 8 /* set if key should not be removed */ #define KEY_FLAG_UID_KEYRING 9 /* set if key is a user or user session keyring */ /* the key type and key description string * - the desc is used to match a key against search criteria * - it should be a printable string * - eg: for krb5 AFS, this might be "afs@REDHAT.COM" */ union { struct keyring_index_key index_key; struct { unsigned long hash; unsigned long len_desc; struct key_type *type; /* type of key */ struct key_tag *domain_tag; /* Domain of operation */ char *description; }; }; /* key data * - this is used to hold the data actually used in cryptography or * whatever */ union { union key_payload payload; struct { /* Keyring bits */ struct list_head name_link; struct assoc_array keys; }; }; /* This is set on a keyring to restrict the addition of a link to a key * to it. If this structure isn't provided then it is assumed that the * keyring is open to any addition. It is ignored for non-keyring * keys. Only set this value using keyring_restrict(), keyring_alloc(), * or key_alloc(). * * This is intended for use with rings of trusted keys whereby addition * to the keyring needs to be controlled. KEY_ALLOC_BYPASS_RESTRICTION * overrides this, allowing the kernel to add extra keys without * restriction. */ struct key_restriction *restrict_link; }; extern struct key *key_alloc(struct key_type *type, const char *desc, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, const struct cred *cred, key_perm_t perm, unsigned long flags, struct key_restriction *restrict_link); #define KEY_ALLOC_IN_QUOTA 0x0000 /* add to quota, reject if would overrun */ #define KEY_ALLOC_QUOTA_OVERRUN 0x0001 /* add to quota, permit even if overrun */ #define KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA 0x0002 /* not in quota */ #define KEY_ALLOC_BUILT_IN 0x0004 /* Key is built into kernel */ #define KEY_ALLOC_BYPASS_RESTRICTION 0x0008 /* Override the check on restricted keyrings */ #define KEY_ALLOC_UID_KEYRING 0x0010 /* allocating a user or user session keyring */ #define KEY_ALLOC_SET_KEEP 0x0020 /* Set the KEEP flag on the key/keyring */ extern void key_revoke(struct key *key); extern void key_invalidate(struct key *key); extern void key_put(struct key *key); extern bool key_put_tag(struct key_tag *tag); extern void key_remove_domain(struct key_tag *domain_tag); static inline struct key *__key_get(struct key *key) { refcount_inc(&key->usage); return key; } static inline struct key *key_get(struct key *key) { return key ? __key_get(key) : key; } static inline void key_ref_put(key_ref_t key_ref) { key_put(key_ref_to_ptr(key_ref)); } extern struct key *request_key_tag(struct key_type *type, const char *description, struct key_tag *domain_tag, const char *callout_info); extern struct key *request_key_rcu(struct key_type *type, const char *description, struct key_tag *domain_tag); extern struct key *request_key_with_auxdata(struct key_type *type, const char *description, struct key_tag *domain_tag, const void *callout_info, size_t callout_len, void *aux); /** * request_key - Request a key and wait for construction * @type: Type of key. * @description: The searchable description of the key. * @callout_info: The data to pass to the instantiation upcall (or NULL). * * As for request_key_tag(), but with the default global domain tag. */ static inline struct key *request_key(struct key_type *type, const char *description, const char *callout_info) { return request_key_tag(type, description, NULL, callout_info); } #ifdef CONFIG_NET /** * request_key_net - Request a key for a net namespace and wait for construction * @type: Type of key. * @description: The searchable description of the key. * @net: The network namespace that is the key's domain of operation. * @callout_info: The data to pass to the instantiation upcall (or NULL). * * As for request_key() except that it does not add the returned key to a * keyring if found, new keys are always allocated in the user's quota, the * callout_info must be a NUL-terminated string and no auxiliary data can be * passed. Only keys that operate the specified network namespace are used. * * Furthermore, it then works as wait_for_key_construction() to wait for the * completion of keys undergoing construction with a non-interruptible wait. */ #define request_key_net(type, description, net, callout_info) \ request_key_tag(type, description, net->key_domain, callout_info); /** * request_key_net_rcu - Request a key for a net namespace under RCU conditions * @type: Type of key. * @description: The searchable description of the key. * @net: The network namespace that is the key's domain of operation. * * As for request_key_rcu() except that only keys that operate the specified * network namespace are used. */ #define request_key_net_rcu(type, description, net) \ request_key_rcu(type, description, net->key_domain); #endif /* CONFIG_NET */ extern int wait_for_key_construction(struct key *key, bool intr); extern int key_validate(const struct key *key); extern key_ref_t key_create_or_update(key_ref_t keyring, const char *type, const char *description, const void *payload, size_t plen, key_perm_t perm, unsigned long flags); extern int key_update(key_ref_t key, const void *payload, size_t plen); extern int key_link(struct key *keyring, struct key *key); extern int key_move(struct key *key, struct key *from_keyring, struct key *to_keyring, unsigned int flags); extern int key_unlink(struct key *keyring, struct key *key); extern struct key *keyring_alloc(const char *description, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, const struct cred *cred, key_perm_t perm, unsigned long flags, struct key_restriction *restrict_link, struct key *dest); extern int restrict_link_reject(struct key *keyring, const struct key_type *type, const union key_payload *payload, struct key *restriction_key); extern int keyring_clear(struct key *keyring); extern key_ref_t keyring_search(key_ref_t keyring, struct key_type *type, const char *description, bool recurse); extern int keyring_add_key(struct key *keyring, struct key *key); extern int keyring_restrict(key_ref_t keyring, const char *type, const char *restriction); extern struct key *key_lookup(key_serial_t id); static inline key_serial_t key_serial(const struct key *key) { return key ? key->serial : 0; } extern void key_set_timeout(struct key *, unsigned); extern key_ref_t lookup_user_key(key_serial_t id, unsigned long flags, enum key_need_perm need_perm); extern void key_free_user_ns(struct user_namespace *); static inline short key_read_state(const struct key *key) { /* Barrier versus mark_key_instantiated(). */ return smp_load_acquire(&key->state); } /** * key_is_positive - Determine if a key has been positively instantiated * @key: The key to check. * * Return true if the specified key has been positively instantiated, false * otherwise. */ static inline bool key_is_positive(const struct key *key) { return key_read_state(key) == KEY_IS_POSITIVE; } static inline bool key_is_negative(const struct key *key) { return key_read_state(key) < 0; } #define dereference_key_rcu(KEY) \ (rcu_dereference((KEY)->payload.rcu_data0)) #define dereference_key_locked(KEY) \ (rcu_dereference_protected((KEY)->payload.rcu_data0, \ rwsem_is_locked(&((struct key *)(KEY))->sem))) #define rcu_assign_keypointer(KEY, PAYLOAD) \ do { \ rcu_assign_pointer((KEY)->payload.rcu_data0, (PAYLOAD)); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern struct ctl_table key_sysctls[]; #endif /* * the userspace interface */ extern int install_thread_keyring_to_cred(struct cred *cred); extern void key_fsuid_changed(struct cred *new_cred); extern void key_fsgid_changed(struct cred *new_cred); extern void key_init(void); #else /* CONFIG_KEYS */ #define key_validate(k) 0 #define key_serial(k) 0 #define key_get(k) ({ NULL; }) #define key_revoke(k) do { } while(0) #define key_invalidate(k) do { } while(0) #define key_put(k) do { } while(0) #define key_ref_put(k) do { } while(0) #define make_key_ref(k, p) NULL #define key_ref_to_ptr(k) NULL #define is_key_possessed(k) 0 #define key_fsuid_changed(c) do { } while(0) #define key_fsgid_changed(c) do { } while(0) #define key_init() do { } while(0) #define key_free_user_ns(ns) do { } while(0) #define key_remove_domain(d) do { } while(0) #endif /* CONFIG_KEYS */ #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_KEY_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_CPUMASK_H #define __LINUX_CPUMASK_H /* * Cpumasks provide a bitmap suitable for representing the * set of CPU's in a system, one bit position per CPU number. In general, * only nr_cpu_ids (<= NR_CPUS) bits are valid. */ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/bitmap.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/bug.h> /* Don't assign or return these: may not be this big! */ typedef struct cpumask { DECLARE_BITMAP(bits, NR_CPUS); } cpumask_t; /** * cpumask_bits - get the bits in a cpumask * @maskp: the struct cpumask * * * You should only assume nr_cpu_ids bits of this mask are valid. This is * a macro so it's const-correct. */ #define cpumask_bits(maskp) ((maskp)->bits) /** * cpumask_pr_args - printf args to output a cpumask * @maskp: cpumask to be printed * * Can be used to provide arguments for '%*pb[l]' when printing a cpumask. */ #define cpumask_pr_args(maskp) nr_cpu_ids, cpumask_bits(maskp) #if NR_CPUS == 1 #define nr_cpu_ids 1U #else extern unsigned int nr_cpu_ids; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CPUMASK_OFFSTACK /* Assuming NR_CPUS is huge, a runtime limit is more efficient. Also, * not all bits may be allocated. */ #define nr_cpumask_bits nr_cpu_ids #else #define nr_cpumask_bits ((unsigned int)NR_CPUS) #endif /* * The following particular system cpumasks and operations manage * possible, present, active and online cpus. * * cpu_possible_mask- has bit 'cpu' set iff cpu is populatable * cpu_present_mask - has bit 'cpu' set iff cpu is populated * cpu_online_mask - has bit 'cpu' set iff cpu available to scheduler * cpu_active_mask - has bit 'cpu' set iff cpu available to migration * * If !CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU, present == possible, and active == online. * * The cpu_possible_mask is fixed at boot time, as the set of CPU id's * that it is possible might ever be plugged in at anytime during the * life of that system boot. The cpu_present_mask is dynamic(*), * representing which CPUs are currently plugged in. And * cpu_online_mask is the dynamic subset of cpu_present_mask, * indicating those CPUs available for scheduling. * * If HOTPLUG is enabled, then cpu_possible_mask is forced to have * all NR_CPUS bits set, otherwise it is just the set of CPUs that * ACPI reports present at boot. * * If HOTPLUG is enabled, then cpu_present_mask varies dynamically, * depending on what ACPI reports as currently plugged in, otherwise * cpu_present_mask is just a copy of cpu_possible_mask. * * (*) Well, cpu_present_mask is dynamic in the hotplug case. If not * hotplug, it's a copy of cpu_possible_mask, hence fixed at boot. * * Subtleties: * 1) UP arch's (NR_CPUS == 1, CONFIG_SMP not defined) hardcode * assumption that their single CPU is online. The UP * cpu_{online,possible,present}_masks are placebos. Changing them * will have no useful affect on the following num_*_cpus() * and cpu_*() macros in the UP case. This ugliness is a UP * optimization - don't waste any instructions or memory references * asking if you're online or how many CPUs there are if there is * only one CPU. */ extern struct cpumask __cpu_possible_mask; extern struct cpumask __cpu_online_mask; extern struct cpumask __cpu_present_mask; extern struct cpumask __cpu_active_mask; #define cpu_possible_mask ((const struct cpumask *)&__cpu_possible_mask) #define cpu_online_mask ((const struct cpumask *)&__cpu_online_mask) #define cpu_present_mask ((const struct cpumask *)&__cpu_present_mask) #define cpu_active_mask ((const struct cpumask *)&__cpu_active_mask) extern atomic_t __num_online_cpus; #if NR_CPUS > 1 /** * num_online_cpus() - Read the number of online CPUs * * Despite the fact that __num_online_cpus is of type atomic_t, this * interface gives only a momentary snapshot and is not protected against * concurrent CPU hotplug operations unless invoked from a cpuhp_lock held * region. */ static inline unsigned int num_online_cpus(void) { return atomic_read(&__num_online_cpus); } #define num_possible_cpus() cpumask_weight(cpu_possible_mask) #define num_present_cpus() cpumask_weight(cpu_present_mask) #define num_active_cpus() cpumask_weight(cpu_active_mask) #define cpu_online(cpu) cpumask_test_cpu((cpu), cpu_online_mask) #define cpu_possible(cpu) cpumask_test_cpu((cpu), cpu_possible_mask) #define cpu_present(cpu) cpumask_test_cpu((cpu), cpu_present_mask) #define cpu_active(cpu) cpumask_test_cpu((cpu), cpu_active_mask) #else #define num_online_cpus() 1U #define num_possible_cpus() 1U #define num_present_cpus() 1U #define num_active_cpus() 1U #define cpu_online(cpu) ((cpu) == 0) #define cpu_possible(cpu) ((cpu) == 0) #define cpu_present(cpu) ((cpu) == 0) #define cpu_active(cpu) ((cpu) == 0) #endif extern cpumask_t cpus_booted_once_mask; static inline void cpu_max_bits_warn(unsigned int cpu, unsigned int bits) { #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PER_CPU_MAPS WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu >= bits); #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_PER_CPU_MAPS */ } /* verify cpu argument to cpumask_* operators */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_check(unsigned int cpu) { cpu_max_bits_warn(cpu, nr_cpumask_bits); return cpu; } #if NR_CPUS == 1 /* Uniprocessor. Assume all masks are "1". */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_first(const struct cpumask *srcp) { return 0; } static inline unsigned int cpumask_last(const struct cpumask *srcp) { return 0; } /* Valid inputs for n are -1 and 0. */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_next(int n, const struct cpumask *srcp) { return n+1; } static inline unsigned int cpumask_next_zero(int n, const struct cpumask *srcp) { return n+1; } static inline unsigned int cpumask_next_and(int n, const struct cpumask *srcp, const struct cpumask *andp) { return n+1; } static inline unsigned int cpumask_next_wrap(int n, const struct cpumask *mask, int start, bool wrap) { /* cpu0 unless stop condition, wrap and at cpu0, then nr_cpumask_bits */ return (wrap && n == 0); } /* cpu must be a valid cpu, ie 0, so there's no other choice. */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_any_but(const struct cpumask *mask, unsigned int cpu) { return 1; } static inline unsigned int cpumask_local_spread(unsigned int i, int node) { return 0; } static inline int cpumask_any_and_distribute(const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p) { return cpumask_next_and(-1, src1p, src2p); } #define for_each_cpu(cpu, mask) \ for ((cpu) = 0; (cpu) < 1; (cpu)++, (void)mask) #define for_each_cpu_not(cpu, mask) \ for ((cpu) = 0; (cpu) < 1; (cpu)++, (void)mask) #define for_each_cpu_wrap(cpu, mask, start) \ for ((cpu) = 0; (cpu) < 1; (cpu)++, (void)mask, (void)(start)) #define for_each_cpu_and(cpu, mask1, mask2) \ for ((cpu) = 0; (cpu) < 1; (cpu)++, (void)mask1, (void)mask2) #else /** * cpumask_first - get the first cpu in a cpumask * @srcp: the cpumask pointer * * Returns >= nr_cpu_ids if no cpus set. */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_first(const struct cpumask *srcp) { return find_first_bit(cpumask_bits(srcp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_last - get the last CPU in a cpumask * @srcp: - the cpumask pointer * * Returns >= nr_cpumask_bits if no CPUs set. */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_last(const struct cpumask *srcp) { return find_last_bit(cpumask_bits(srcp), nr_cpumask_bits); } unsigned int cpumask_next(int n, const struct cpumask *srcp); /** * cpumask_next_zero - get the next unset cpu in a cpumask * @n: the cpu prior to the place to search (ie. return will be > @n) * @srcp: the cpumask pointer * * Returns >= nr_cpu_ids if no further cpus unset. */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_next_zero(int n, const struct cpumask *srcp) { /* -1 is a legal arg here. */ if (n != -1) cpumask_check(n); return find_next_zero_bit(cpumask_bits(srcp), nr_cpumask_bits, n+1); } int cpumask_next_and(int n, const struct cpumask *, const struct cpumask *); int cpumask_any_but(const struct cpumask *mask, unsigned int cpu); unsigned int cpumask_local_spread(unsigned int i, int node); int cpumask_any_and_distribute(const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p); /** * for_each_cpu - iterate over every cpu in a mask * @cpu: the (optionally unsigned) integer iterator * @mask: the cpumask pointer * * After the loop, cpu is >= nr_cpu_ids. */ #define for_each_cpu(cpu, mask) \ for ((cpu) = -1; \ (cpu) = cpumask_next((cpu), (mask)), \ (cpu) < nr_cpu_ids;) /** * for_each_cpu_not - iterate over every cpu in a complemented mask * @cpu: the (optionally unsigned) integer iterator * @mask: the cpumask pointer * * After the loop, cpu is >= nr_cpu_ids. */ #define for_each_cpu_not(cpu, mask) \ for ((cpu) = -1; \ (cpu) = cpumask_next_zero((cpu), (mask)), \ (cpu) < nr_cpu_ids;) extern int cpumask_next_wrap(int n, const struct cpumask *mask, int start, bool wrap); /** * for_each_cpu_wrap - iterate over every cpu in a mask, starting at a specified location * @cpu: the (optionally unsigned) integer iterator * @mask: the cpumask poiter * @start: the start location * * The implementation does not assume any bit in @mask is set (including @start). * * After the loop, cpu is >= nr_cpu_ids. */ #define for_each_cpu_wrap(cpu, mask, start) \ for ((cpu) = cpumask_next_wrap((start)-1, (mask), (start), false); \ (cpu) < nr_cpumask_bits; \ (cpu) = cpumask_next_wrap((cpu), (mask), (start), true)) /** * for_each_cpu_and - iterate over every cpu in both masks * @cpu: the (optionally unsigned) integer iterator * @mask1: the first cpumask pointer * @mask2: the second cpumask pointer * * This saves a temporary CPU mask in many places. It is equivalent to: * struct cpumask tmp; * cpumask_and(&tmp, &mask1, &mask2); * for_each_cpu(cpu, &tmp) * ... * * After the loop, cpu is >= nr_cpu_ids. */ #define for_each_cpu_and(cpu, mask1, mask2) \ for ((cpu) = -1; \ (cpu) = cpumask_next_and((cpu), (mask1), (mask2)), \ (cpu) < nr_cpu_ids;) #endif /* SMP */ #define CPU_BITS_NONE \ { \ [0 ... BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)-1] = 0UL \ } #define CPU_BITS_CPU0 \ { \ [0] = 1UL \ } /** * cpumask_set_cpu - set a cpu in a cpumask * @cpu: cpu number (< nr_cpu_ids) * @dstp: the cpumask pointer */ static inline void cpumask_set_cpu(unsigned int cpu, struct cpumask *dstp) { set_bit(cpumask_check(cpu), cpumask_bits(dstp)); } static inline void __cpumask_set_cpu(unsigned int cpu, struct cpumask *dstp) { __set_bit(cpumask_check(cpu), cpumask_bits(dstp)); } /** * cpumask_clear_cpu - clear a cpu in a cpumask * @cpu: cpu number (< nr_cpu_ids) * @dstp: the cpumask pointer */ static inline void cpumask_clear_cpu(int cpu, struct cpumask *dstp) { clear_bit(cpumask_check(cpu), cpumask_bits(dstp)); } static inline void __cpumask_clear_cpu(int cpu, struct cpumask *dstp) { __clear_bit(cpumask_check(cpu), cpumask_bits(dstp)); } /** * cpumask_test_cpu - test for a cpu in a cpumask * @cpu: cpu number (< nr_cpu_ids) * @cpumask: the cpumask pointer * * Returns 1 if @cpu is set in @cpumask, else returns 0 */ static inline int cpumask_test_cpu(int cpu, const struct cpumask *cpumask) { return test_bit(cpumask_check(cpu), cpumask_bits((cpumask))); } /** * cpumask_test_and_set_cpu - atomically test and set a cpu in a cpumask * @cpu: cpu number (< nr_cpu_ids) * @cpumask: the cpumask pointer * * Returns 1 if @cpu is set in old bitmap of @cpumask, else returns 0 * * test_and_set_bit wrapper for cpumasks. */ static inline int cpumask_test_and_set_cpu(int cpu, struct cpumask *cpumask) { return test_and_set_bit(cpumask_check(cpu), cpumask_bits(cpumask)); } /** * cpumask_test_and_clear_cpu - atomically test and clear a cpu in a cpumask * @cpu: cpu number (< nr_cpu_ids) * @cpumask: the cpumask pointer * * Returns 1 if @cpu is set in old bitmap of @cpumask, else returns 0 * * test_and_clear_bit wrapper for cpumasks. */ static inline int cpumask_test_and_clear_cpu(int cpu, struct cpumask *cpumask) { return test_and_clear_bit(cpumask_check(cpu), cpumask_bits(cpumask)); } /** * cpumask_setall - set all cpus (< nr_cpu_ids) in a cpumask * @dstp: the cpumask pointer */ static inline void cpumask_setall(struct cpumask *dstp) { bitmap_fill(cpumask_bits(dstp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_clear - clear all cpus (< nr_cpu_ids) in a cpumask * @dstp: the cpumask pointer */ static inline void cpumask_clear(struct cpumask *dstp) { bitmap_zero(cpumask_bits(dstp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_and - *dstp = *src1p & *src2p * @dstp: the cpumask result * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input * * If *@dstp is empty, returns 0, else returns 1 */ static inline int cpumask_and(struct cpumask *dstp, const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p) { return bitmap_and(cpumask_bits(dstp), cpumask_bits(src1p), cpumask_bits(src2p), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_or - *dstp = *src1p | *src2p * @dstp: the cpumask result * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input */ static inline void cpumask_or(struct cpumask *dstp, const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p) { bitmap_or(cpumask_bits(dstp), cpumask_bits(src1p), cpumask_bits(src2p), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_xor - *dstp = *src1p ^ *src2p * @dstp: the cpumask result * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input */ static inline void cpumask_xor(struct cpumask *dstp, const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p) { bitmap_xor(cpumask_bits(dstp), cpumask_bits(src1p), cpumask_bits(src2p), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_andnot - *dstp = *src1p & ~*src2p * @dstp: the cpumask result * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input * * If *@dstp is empty, returns 0, else returns 1 */ static inline int cpumask_andnot(struct cpumask *dstp, const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p) { return bitmap_andnot(cpumask_bits(dstp), cpumask_bits(src1p), cpumask_bits(src2p), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_complement - *dstp = ~*srcp * @dstp: the cpumask result * @srcp: the input to invert */ static inline void cpumask_complement(struct cpumask *dstp, const struct cpumask *srcp) { bitmap_complement(cpumask_bits(dstp), cpumask_bits(srcp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_equal - *src1p == *src2p * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input */ static inline bool cpumask_equal(const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p) { return bitmap_equal(cpumask_bits(src1p), cpumask_bits(src2p), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_or_equal - *src1p | *src2p == *src3p * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input * @src3p: the third input */ static inline bool cpumask_or_equal(const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p, const struct cpumask *src3p) { return bitmap_or_equal(cpumask_bits(src1p), cpumask_bits(src2p), cpumask_bits(src3p), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_intersects - (*src1p & *src2p) != 0 * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input */ static inline bool cpumask_intersects(const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p) { return bitmap_intersects(cpumask_bits(src1p), cpumask_bits(src2p), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_subset - (*src1p & ~*src2p) == 0 * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input * * Returns 1 if *@src1p is a subset of *@src2p, else returns 0 */ static inline int cpumask_subset(const struct cpumask *src1p, const struct cpumask *src2p) { return bitmap_subset(cpumask_bits(src1p), cpumask_bits(src2p), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_empty - *srcp == 0 * @srcp: the cpumask to that all cpus < nr_cpu_ids are clear. */ static inline bool cpumask_empty(const struct cpumask *srcp) { return bitmap_empty(cpumask_bits(srcp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_full - *srcp == 0xFFFFFFFF... * @srcp: the cpumask to that all cpus < nr_cpu_ids are set. */ static inline bool cpumask_full(const struct cpumask *srcp) { return bitmap_full(cpumask_bits(srcp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_weight - Count of bits in *srcp * @srcp: the cpumask to count bits (< nr_cpu_ids) in. */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_weight(const struct cpumask *srcp) { return bitmap_weight(cpumask_bits(srcp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_shift_right - *dstp = *srcp >> n * @dstp: the cpumask result * @srcp: the input to shift * @n: the number of bits to shift by */ static inline void cpumask_shift_right(struct cpumask *dstp, const struct cpumask *srcp, int n) { bitmap_shift_right(cpumask_bits(dstp), cpumask_bits(srcp), n, nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_shift_left - *dstp = *srcp << n * @dstp: the cpumask result * @srcp: the input to shift * @n: the number of bits to shift by */ static inline void cpumask_shift_left(struct cpumask *dstp, const struct cpumask *srcp, int n) { bitmap_shift_left(cpumask_bits(dstp), cpumask_bits(srcp), n, nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_copy - *dstp = *srcp * @dstp: the result * @srcp: the input cpumask */ static inline void cpumask_copy(struct cpumask *dstp, const struct cpumask *srcp) { bitmap_copy(cpumask_bits(dstp), cpumask_bits(srcp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_any - pick a "random" cpu from *srcp * @srcp: the input cpumask * * Returns >= nr_cpu_ids if no cpus set. */ #define cpumask_any(srcp) cpumask_first(srcp) /** * cpumask_first_and - return the first cpu from *srcp1 & *srcp2 * @src1p: the first input * @src2p: the second input * * Returns >= nr_cpu_ids if no cpus set in both. See also cpumask_next_and(). */ #define cpumask_first_and(src1p, src2p) cpumask_next_and(-1, (src1p), (src2p)) /** * cpumask_any_and - pick a "random" cpu from *mask1 & *mask2 * @mask1: the first input cpumask * @mask2: the second input cpumask * * Returns >= nr_cpu_ids if no cpus set. */ #define cpumask_any_and(mask1, mask2) cpumask_first_and((mask1), (mask2)) /** * cpumask_of - the cpumask containing just a given cpu * @cpu: the cpu (<= nr_cpu_ids) */ #define cpumask_of(cpu) (get_cpu_mask(cpu)) /** * cpumask_parse_user - extract a cpumask from a user string * @buf: the buffer to extract from * @len: the length of the buffer * @dstp: the cpumask to set. * * Returns -errno, or 0 for success. */ static inline int cpumask_parse_user(const char __user *buf, int len, struct cpumask *dstp) { return bitmap_parse_user(buf, len, cpumask_bits(dstp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_parselist_user - extract a cpumask from a user string * @buf: the buffer to extract from * @len: the length of the buffer * @dstp: the cpumask to set. * * Returns -errno, or 0 for success. */ static inline int cpumask_parselist_user(const char __user *buf, int len, struct cpumask *dstp) { return bitmap_parselist_user(buf, len, cpumask_bits(dstp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_parse - extract a cpumask from a string * @buf: the buffer to extract from * @dstp: the cpumask to set. * * Returns -errno, or 0 for success. */ static inline int cpumask_parse(const char *buf, struct cpumask *dstp) { return bitmap_parse(buf, UINT_MAX, cpumask_bits(dstp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpulist_parse - extract a cpumask from a user string of ranges * @buf: the buffer to extract from * @dstp: the cpumask to set. * * Returns -errno, or 0 for success. */ static inline int cpulist_parse(const char *buf, struct cpumask *dstp) { return bitmap_parselist(buf, cpumask_bits(dstp), nr_cpumask_bits); } /** * cpumask_size - size to allocate for a 'struct cpumask' in bytes */ static inline unsigned int cpumask_size(void) { return BITS_TO_LONGS(nr_cpumask_bits) * sizeof(long); } /* * cpumask_var_t: struct cpumask for stack usage. * * Oh, the wicked games we play! In order to make kernel coding a * little more difficult, we typedef cpumask_var_t to an array or a * pointer: doing &mask on an array is a noop, so it still works. * * ie. * cpumask_var_t tmpmask; * if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&tmpmask, GFP_KERNEL)) * return -ENOMEM; * * ... use 'tmpmask' like a normal struct cpumask * ... * * free_cpumask_var(tmpmask); * * * However, one notable exception is there. alloc_cpumask_var() allocates * only nr_cpumask_bits bits (in the other hand, real cpumask_t always has * NR_CPUS bits). Therefore you don't have to dereference cpumask_var_t. * * cpumask_var_t tmpmask; * if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&tmpmask, GFP_KERNEL)) * return -ENOMEM; * * var = *tmpmask; * * This code makes NR_CPUS length memcopy and brings to a memory corruption. * cpumask_copy() provide safe copy functionality. * * Note that there is another evil here: If you define a cpumask_var_t * as a percpu variable then the way to obtain the address of the cpumask * structure differently influences what this_cpu_* operation needs to be * used. Please use this_cpu_cpumask_var_t in those cases. The direct use * of this_cpu_ptr() or this_cpu_read() will lead to failures when the * other type of cpumask_var_t implementation is configured. * * Please also note that __cpumask_var_read_mostly can be used to declare * a cpumask_var_t variable itself (not its content) as read mostly. */ #ifdef CONFIG_CPUMASK_OFFSTACK typedef struct cpumask *cpumask_var_t; #define this_cpu_cpumask_var_ptr(x) this_cpu_read(x) #define __cpumask_var_read_mostly __read_mostly bool alloc_cpumask_var_node(cpumask_var_t *mask, gfp_t flags, int node); bool alloc_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t *mask, gfp_t flags); bool zalloc_cpumask_var_node(cpumask_var_t *mask, gfp_t flags, int node); bool zalloc_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t *mask, gfp_t flags); void alloc_bootmem_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t *mask); void free_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t mask); void free_bootmem_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t mask); static inline bool cpumask_available(cpumask_var_t mask) { return mask != NULL; } #else typedef struct cpumask cpumask_var_t[1]; #define this_cpu_cpumask_var_ptr(x) this_cpu_ptr(x) #define __cpumask_var_read_mostly static inline bool alloc_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t *mask, gfp_t flags) { return true; } static inline bool alloc_cpumask_var_node(cpumask_var_t *mask, gfp_t flags, int node) { return true; } static inline bool zalloc_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t *mask, gfp_t flags) { cpumask_clear(*mask); return true; } static inline bool zalloc_cpumask_var_node(cpumask_var_t *mask, gfp_t flags, int node) { cpumask_clear(*mask); return true; } static inline void alloc_bootmem_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t *mask) { } static inline void free_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t mask) { } static inline void free_bootmem_cpumask_var(cpumask_var_t mask) { } static inline bool cpumask_available(cpumask_var_t mask) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_CPUMASK_OFFSTACK */ /* It's common to want to use cpu_all_mask in struct member initializers, * so it has to refer to an address rather than a pointer. */ extern const DECLARE_BITMAP(cpu_all_bits, NR_CPUS); #define cpu_all_mask to_cpumask(cpu_all_bits) /* First bits of cpu_bit_bitmap are in fact unset. */ #define cpu_none_mask to_cpumask(cpu_bit_bitmap[0]) #define for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) for_each_cpu((cpu), cpu_possible_mask) #define for_each_online_cpu(cpu) for_each_cpu((cpu), cpu_online_mask) #define for_each_present_cpu(cpu) for_each_cpu((cpu), cpu_present_mask) /* Wrappers for arch boot code to manipulate normally-constant masks */ void init_cpu_present(const struct cpumask *src); void init_cpu_possible(const struct cpumask *src); void init_cpu_online(const struct cpumask *src); static inline void reset_cpu_possible_mask(void) { bitmap_zero(cpumask_bits(&__cpu_possible_mask), NR_CPUS); } static inline void set_cpu_possible(unsigned int cpu, bool possible) { if (possible) cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &__cpu_possible_mask); else cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, &__cpu_possible_mask); } static inline void set_cpu_present(unsigned int cpu, bool present) { if (present) cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &__cpu_present_mask); else cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, &__cpu_present_mask); } void set_cpu_online(unsigned int cpu, bool online); static inline void set_cpu_active(unsigned int cpu, bool active) { if (active) cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &__cpu_active_mask); else cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, &__cpu_active_mask); } /** * to_cpumask - convert an NR_CPUS bitmap to a struct cpumask * * @bitmap: the bitmap * * There are a few places where cpumask_var_t isn't appropriate and * static cpumasks must be used (eg. very early boot), yet we don't * expose the definition of 'struct cpumask'. * * This does the conversion, and can be used as a constant initializer. */ #define to_cpumask(bitmap) \ ((struct cpumask *)(1 ? (bitmap) \ : (void *)sizeof(__check_is_bitmap(bitmap)))) static inline int __check_is_bitmap(const unsigned long *bitmap) { return 1; } /* * Special-case data structure for "single bit set only" constant CPU masks. * * We pre-generate all the 64 (or 32) possible bit positions, with enough * padding to the left and the right, and return the constant pointer * appropriately offset. */ extern const unsigned long cpu_bit_bitmap[BITS_PER_LONG+1][BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)]; static inline const struct cpumask *get_cpu_mask(unsigned int cpu) { const unsigned long *p = cpu_bit_bitmap[1 + cpu % BITS_PER_LONG]; p -= cpu / BITS_PER_LONG; return to_cpumask(p); } #define cpu_is_offline(cpu) unlikely(!cpu_online(cpu)) #if NR_CPUS <= BITS_PER_LONG #define CPU_BITS_ALL \ { \ [BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)-1] = BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(NR_CPUS) \ } #else /* NR_CPUS > BITS_PER_LONG */ #define CPU_BITS_ALL \ { \ [0 ... BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)-2] = ~0UL, \ [BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)-1] = BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(NR_CPUS) \ } #endif /* NR_CPUS > BITS_PER_LONG */ /** * cpumap_print_to_pagebuf - copies the cpumask into the buffer either * as comma-separated list of cpus or hex values of cpumask * @list: indicates whether the cpumap must be list * @mask: the cpumask to copy * @buf: the buffer to copy into * * Returns the length of the (null-terminated) @buf string, zero if * nothing is copied. */ static inline ssize_t cpumap_print_to_pagebuf(bool list, char *buf, const struct cpumask *mask) { return bitmap_print_to_pagebuf(list, buf, cpumask_bits(mask), nr_cpu_ids); } #if NR_CPUS <= BITS_PER_LONG #define CPU_MASK_ALL \ (cpumask_t) { { \ [BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)-1] = BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(NR_CPUS) \ } } #else #define CPU_MASK_ALL \ (cpumask_t) { { \ [0 ... BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)-2] = ~0UL, \ [BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)-1] = BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(NR_CPUS) \ } } #endif /* NR_CPUS > BITS_PER_LONG */ #define CPU_MASK_NONE \ (cpumask_t) { { \ [0 ... BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)-1] = 0UL \ } } #define CPU_MASK_CPU0 \ (cpumask_t) { { \ [0] = 1UL \ } } #endif /* __LINUX_CPUMASK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Common values for AES algorithms */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_AES_H #define _CRYPTO_AES_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/crypto.h> #define AES_MIN_KEY_SIZE 16 #define AES_MAX_KEY_SIZE 32 #define AES_KEYSIZE_128 16 #define AES_KEYSIZE_192 24 #define AES_KEYSIZE_256 32 #define AES_BLOCK_SIZE 16 #define AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH (15 * 16) #define AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH_U32 (AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH / sizeof(u32)) /* * Please ensure that the first two fields are 16-byte aligned * relative to the start of the structure, i.e., don't move them! */ struct crypto_aes_ctx { u32 key_enc[AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH_U32]; u32 key_dec[AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH_U32]; u32 key_length; }; extern const u32 crypto_ft_tab[4][256] ____cacheline_aligned; extern const u32 crypto_it_tab[4][256] ____cacheline_aligned; /* * validate key length for AES algorithms */ static inline int aes_check_keylen(unsigned int keylen) { switch (keylen) { case AES_KEYSIZE_128: case AES_KEYSIZE_192: case AES_KEYSIZE_256: break; default: return -EINVAL; } return 0; } int crypto_aes_set_key(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, const u8 *in_key, unsigned int key_len); /** * aes_expandkey - Expands the AES key as described in FIPS-197 * @ctx: The location where the computed key will be stored. * @in_key: The supplied key. * @key_len: The length of the supplied key. * * Returns 0 on success. The function fails only if an invalid key size (or * pointer) is supplied. * The expanded key size is 240 bytes (max of 14 rounds with a unique 16 bytes * key schedule plus a 16 bytes key which is used before the first round). * The decryption key is prepared for the "Equivalent Inverse Cipher" as * described in FIPS-197. The first slot (16 bytes) of each key (enc or dec) is * for the initial combination, the second slot for the first round and so on. */ int aes_expandkey(struct crypto_aes_ctx *ctx, const u8 *in_key, unsigned int key_len); /** * aes_encrypt - Encrypt a single AES block * @ctx: Context struct containing the key schedule * @out: Buffer to store the ciphertext * @in: Buffer containing the plaintext */ void aes_encrypt(const struct crypto_aes_ctx *ctx, u8 *out, const u8 *in); /** * aes_decrypt - Decrypt a single AES block * @ctx: Context struct containing the key schedule * @out: Buffer to store the plaintext * @in: Buffer containing the ciphertext */ void aes_decrypt(const struct crypto_aes_ctx *ctx, u8 *out, const u8 *in); extern const u8 crypto_aes_sbox[]; extern const u8 crypto_aes_inv_sbox[]; #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * acpi_bus.h - ACPI Bus Driver ($Revision: 22 $) * * Copyright (C) 2001, 2002 Andy Grover <andrew.grover@intel.com> * Copyright (C) 2001, 2002 Paul Diefenbaugh <paul.s.diefenbaugh@intel.com> */ #ifndef __ACPI_BUS_H__ #define __ACPI_BUS_H__ #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/property.h> /* TBD: Make dynamic */ #define ACPI_MAX_HANDLES 10 struct acpi_handle_list { u32 count; acpi_handle handles[ACPI_MAX_HANDLES]; }; /* acpi_utils.h */ acpi_status acpi_extract_package(union acpi_object *package, struct acpi_buffer *format, struct acpi_buffer *buffer); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_integer(acpi_handle handle, acpi_string pathname, struct acpi_object_list *arguments, unsigned long long *data); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_reference(acpi_handle handle, acpi_string pathname, struct acpi_object_list *arguments, struct acpi_handle_list *list); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_ost(acpi_handle handle, u32 source_event, u32 status_code, struct acpi_buffer *status_buf); acpi_status acpi_get_physical_device_location(acpi_handle handle, struct acpi_pld_info **pld); bool acpi_has_method(acpi_handle handle, char *name); acpi_status acpi_execute_simple_method(acpi_handle handle, char *method, u64 arg); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_ej0(acpi_handle handle); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_lck(acpi_handle handle, int lock); acpi_status acpi_evaluate_reg(acpi_handle handle, u8 space_id, u32 function); bool acpi_ata_match(acpi_handle handle); bool acpi_bay_match(acpi_handle handle); bool acpi_dock_match(acpi_handle handle); bool acpi_check_dsm(acpi_handle handle, const guid_t *guid, u64 rev, u64 funcs); union acpi_object *acpi_evaluate_dsm(acpi_handle handle, const guid_t *guid, u64 rev, u64 func, union acpi_object *argv4); static inline union acpi_object * acpi_evaluate_dsm_typed(acpi_handle handle, const guid_t *guid, u64 rev, u64 func, union acpi_object *argv4, acpi_object_type type) { union acpi_object *obj; obj = acpi_evaluate_dsm(handle, guid, rev, func, argv4); if (obj && obj->type != type) { ACPI_FREE(obj); obj = NULL; } return obj; } #define ACPI_INIT_DSM_ARGV4(cnt, eles) \ { \ .package.type = ACPI_TYPE_PACKAGE, \ .package.count = (cnt), \ .package.elements = (eles) \ } bool acpi_dev_found(const char *hid); bool acpi_dev_present(const char *hid, const char *uid, s64 hrv); #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI struct proc_dir_entry; #define ACPI_BUS_FILE_ROOT "acpi" extern struct proc_dir_entry *acpi_root_dir; enum acpi_bus_device_type { ACPI_BUS_TYPE_DEVICE = 0, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_POWER, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_PROCESSOR, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_THERMAL, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_POWER_BUTTON, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_SLEEP_BUTTON, ACPI_BUS_TYPE_ECDT_EC, ACPI_BUS_DEVICE_TYPE_COUNT }; struct acpi_driver; struct acpi_device; /* * ACPI Scan Handler * ----------------- */ struct acpi_hotplug_profile { struct kobject kobj; int (*scan_dependent)(struct acpi_device *adev); void (*notify_online)(struct acpi_device *adev); bool enabled:1; bool demand_offline:1; }; static inline struct acpi_hotplug_profile *to_acpi_hotplug_profile( struct kobject *kobj) { return container_of(kobj, struct acpi_hotplug_profile, kobj); } struct acpi_scan_handler { const struct acpi_device_id *ids; struct list_head list_node; bool (*match)(const char *idstr, const struct acpi_device_id **matchid); int (*attach)(struct acpi_device *dev, const struct acpi_device_id *id); void (*detach)(struct acpi_device *dev); void (*bind)(struct device *phys_dev); void (*unbind)(struct device *phys_dev); struct acpi_hotplug_profile hotplug; }; /* * ACPI Hotplug Context * -------------------- */ struct acpi_hotplug_context { struct acpi_device *self; int (*notify)(struct acpi_device *, u32); void (*uevent)(struct acpi_device *, u32); void (*fixup)(struct acpi_device *); }; /* * ACPI Driver * ----------- */ typedef int (*acpi_op_add) (struct acpi_device * device); typedef int (*acpi_op_remove) (struct acpi_device * device); typedef void (*acpi_op_notify) (struct acpi_device * device, u32 event); struct acpi_device_ops { acpi_op_add add; acpi_op_remove remove; acpi_op_notify notify; }; #define ACPI_DRIVER_ALL_NOTIFY_EVENTS 0x1 /* system AND device events */ struct acpi_driver { char name[80]; char class[80]; const struct acpi_device_id *ids; /* Supported Hardware IDs */ unsigned int flags; struct acpi_device_ops ops; struct device_driver drv; struct module *owner; }; /* * ACPI Device * ----------- */ /* Status (_STA) */ struct acpi_device_status { u32 present:1; u32 enabled:1; u32 show_in_ui:1; u32 functional:1; u32 battery_present:1; u32 reserved:27; }; /* Flags */ struct acpi_device_flags { u32 dynamic_status:1; u32 removable:1; u32 ejectable:1; u32 power_manageable:1; u32 match_driver:1; u32 initialized:1; u32 visited:1; u32 hotplug_notify:1; u32 is_dock_station:1; u32 of_compatible_ok:1; u32 coherent_dma:1; u32 cca_seen:1; u32 enumeration_by_parent:1; u32 reserved:19; }; /* File System */ struct acpi_device_dir { struct proc_dir_entry *entry; }; #define acpi_device_dir(d) ((d)->dir.entry) /* Plug and Play */ typedef char acpi_bus_id[8]; typedef u64 acpi_bus_address; typedef char acpi_device_name[40]; typedef char acpi_device_class[20]; struct acpi_hardware_id { struct list_head list; const char *id; }; struct acpi_pnp_type { u32 hardware_id:1; u32 bus_address:1; u32 platform_id:1; u32 reserved:29; }; struct acpi_device_pnp { acpi_bus_id bus_id; /* Object name */ int instance_no; /* Instance number of this object */ struct acpi_pnp_type type; /* ID type */ acpi_bus_address bus_address; /* _ADR */ char *unique_id; /* _UID */ struct list_head ids; /* _HID and _CIDs */ acpi_device_name device_name; /* Driver-determined */ acpi_device_class device_class; /* " */ union acpi_object *str_obj; /* unicode string for _STR method */ }; #define acpi_device_bid(d) ((d)->pnp.bus_id) #define acpi_device_adr(d) ((d)->pnp.bus_address) const char *acpi_device_hid(struct acpi_device *device); #define acpi_device_uid(d) ((d)->pnp.unique_id) #define acpi_device_name(d) ((d)->pnp.device_name) #define acpi_device_class(d) ((d)->pnp.device_class) /* Power Management */ struct acpi_device_power_flags { u32 explicit_get:1; /* _PSC present? */ u32 power_resources:1; /* Power resources */ u32 inrush_current:1; /* Serialize Dx->D0 */ u32 power_removed:1; /* Optimize Dx->D0 */ u32 ignore_parent:1; /* Power is independent of parent power state */ u32 dsw_present:1; /* _DSW present? */ u32 reserved:26; }; struct acpi_device_power_state { struct { u8 valid:1; u8 explicit_set:1; /* _PSx present? */ u8 reserved:6; } flags; int power; /* % Power (compared to D0) */ int latency; /* Dx->D0 time (microseconds) */ struct list_head resources; /* Power resources referenced */ }; struct acpi_device_power { int state; /* Current state */ struct acpi_device_power_flags flags; struct acpi_device_power_state states[ACPI_D_STATE_COUNT]; /* Power states (D0-D3Cold) */ }; /* Performance Management */ struct acpi_device_perf_flags { u8 reserved:8; }; struct acpi_device_perf_state { struct { u8 valid:1; u8 reserved:7; } flags; u8 power; /* % Power (compared to P0) */ u8 performance; /* % Performance ( " ) */ int latency; /* Px->P0 time (microseconds) */ }; struct acpi_device_perf { int state; struct acpi_device_perf_flags flags; int state_count; struct acpi_device_perf_state *states; }; /* Wakeup Management */ struct acpi_device_wakeup_flags { u8 valid:1; /* Can successfully enable wakeup? */ u8 notifier_present:1; /* Wake-up notify handler has been installed */ }; struct acpi_device_wakeup_context { void (*func)(struct acpi_device_wakeup_context *context); struct device *dev; }; struct acpi_device_wakeup { acpi_handle gpe_device; u64 gpe_number; u64 sleep_state; struct list_head resources; struct acpi_device_wakeup_flags flags; struct acpi_device_wakeup_context context; struct wakeup_source *ws; int prepare_count; int enable_count; }; struct acpi_device_physical_node { unsigned int node_id; struct list_head node; struct device *dev; bool put_online:1; }; struct acpi_device_properties { const guid_t *guid; const union acpi_object *properties; struct list_head list; }; /* ACPI Device Specific Data (_DSD) */ struct acpi_device_data { const union acpi_object *pointer; struct list_head properties; const union acpi_object *of_compatible; struct list_head subnodes; }; struct acpi_gpio_mapping; /* Device */ struct acpi_device { int device_type; acpi_handle handle; /* no handle for fixed hardware */ struct fwnode_handle fwnode; struct acpi_device *parent; struct list_head children; struct list_head node; struct list_head wakeup_list; struct list_head del_list; struct acpi_device_status status; struct acpi_device_flags flags; struct acpi_device_pnp pnp; struct acpi_device_power power; struct acpi_device_wakeup wakeup; struct acpi_device_perf performance; struct acpi_device_dir dir; struct acpi_device_data data; struct acpi_scan_handler *handler; struct acpi_hotplug_context *hp; struct acpi_driver *driver; const struct acpi_gpio_mapping *driver_gpios; void *driver_data; struct device dev; unsigned int physical_node_count; unsigned int dep_unmet; struct list_head physical_node_list; struct mutex physical_node_lock; void (*remove)(struct acpi_device *); }; /* Non-device subnode */ struct acpi_data_node { const char *name; acpi_handle handle; struct fwnode_handle fwnode; struct fwnode_handle *parent; struct acpi_device_data data; struct list_head sibling; struct kobject kobj; struct completion kobj_done; }; extern const struct fwnode_operations acpi_device_fwnode_ops; extern const struct fwnode_operations acpi_data_fwnode_ops; extern const struct fwnode_operations acpi_static_fwnode_ops; bool is_acpi_device_node(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode); bool is_acpi_data_node(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode); static inline bool is_acpi_node(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode) { return (is_acpi_device_node(fwnode) || is_acpi_data_node(fwnode)); } #define to_acpi_device_node(__fwnode) \ ({ \ typeof(__fwnode) __to_acpi_device_node_fwnode = __fwnode; \ \ is_acpi_device_node(__to_acpi_device_node_fwnode) ? \ container_of(__to_acpi_device_node_fwnode, \ struct acpi_device, fwnode) : \ NULL; \ }) #define to_acpi_data_node(__fwnode) \ ({ \ typeof(__fwnode) __to_acpi_data_node_fwnode = __fwnode; \ \ is_acpi_data_node(__to_acpi_data_node_fwnode) ? \ container_of(__to_acpi_data_node_fwnode, \ struct acpi_data_node, fwnode) : \ NULL; \ }) static inline bool is_acpi_static_node(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode) { return !IS_ERR_OR_NULL(fwnode) && fwnode->ops == &acpi_static_fwnode_ops; } static inline bool acpi_data_node_match(const struct fwnode_handle *fwnode, const char *name) { return is_acpi_data_node(fwnode) ? (!strcmp(to_acpi_data_node(fwnode)->name, name)) : false; } static inline struct fwnode_handle *acpi_fwnode_handle(struct acpi_device *adev) { return &adev->fwnode; } static inline void *acpi_driver_data(struct acpi_device *d) { return d->driver_data; } #define to_acpi_device(d) container_of(d, struct acpi_device, dev) #define to_acpi_driver(d) container_of(d, struct acpi_driver, drv) static inline void acpi_set_device_status(struct acpi_device *adev, u32 sta) { *((u32 *)&adev->status) = sta; } static inline void acpi_set_hp_context(struct acpi_device *adev, struct acpi_hotplug_context *hp) { hp->self = adev; adev->hp = hp; } void acpi_initialize_hp_context(struct acpi_device *adev, struct acpi_hotplug_context *hp, int (*notify)(struct acpi_device *, u32), void (*uevent)(struct acpi_device *, u32)); /* acpi_device.dev.bus == &acpi_bus_type */ extern struct bus_type acpi_bus_type; /* * Events * ------ */ struct acpi_bus_event { struct list_head node; acpi_device_class device_class; acpi_bus_id bus_id; u32 type; u32 data; }; extern struct kobject *acpi_kobj; extern int acpi_bus_generate_netlink_event(const char*, const char*, u8, int); void acpi_bus_private_data_handler(acpi_handle, void *); int acpi_bus_get_private_data(acpi_handle, void **); int acpi_bus_attach_private_data(acpi_handle, void *); void acpi_bus_detach_private_data(acpi_handle); extern int acpi_notifier_call_chain(struct acpi_device *, u32, u32); extern int register_acpi_notifier(struct notifier_block *); extern int unregister_acpi_notifier(struct notifier_block *); /* * External Functions */ int acpi_bus_get_device(acpi_handle handle, struct acpi_device **device); struct acpi_device *acpi_bus_get_acpi_device(acpi_handle handle); void acpi_bus_put_acpi_device(struct acpi_device *adev); acpi_status acpi_bus_get_status_handle(acpi_handle handle, unsigned long long *sta); int acpi_bus_get_status(struct acpi_device *device); int acpi_bus_set_power(acpi_handle handle, int state); const char *acpi_power_state_string(int state); int acpi_device_set_power(struct acpi_device *device, int state); int acpi_bus_init_power(struct acpi_device *device); int acpi_device_fix_up_power(struct acpi_device *device); int acpi_bus_update_power(acpi_handle handle, int *state_p); int acpi_device_update_power(struct acpi_device *device, int *state_p); bool acpi_bus_power_manageable(acpi_handle handle); int acpi_device_power_add_dependent(struct acpi_device *adev, struct device *dev); void acpi_device_power_remove_dependent(struct acpi_device *adev, struct device *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_PM bool acpi_bus_can_wakeup(acpi_handle handle); #else static inline bool acpi_bus_can_wakeup(acpi_handle handle) { return false; } #endif void acpi_scan_lock_acquire(void); void acpi_scan_lock_release(void); void acpi_lock_hp_context(void); void acpi_unlock_hp_context(void); int acpi_scan_add_handler(struct acpi_scan_handler *handler); int acpi_bus_register_driver(struct acpi_driver *driver); void acpi_bus_unregister_driver(struct acpi_driver *driver); int acpi_bus_scan(acpi_handle handle); void acpi_bus_trim(struct acpi_device *start); acpi_status acpi_bus_get_ejd(acpi_handle handle, acpi_handle * ejd); int acpi_match_device_ids(struct acpi_device *device, const struct acpi_device_id *ids); void acpi_set_modalias(struct acpi_device *adev, const char *default_id, char *modalias, size_t len); int acpi_create_dir(struct acpi_device *); void acpi_remove_dir(struct acpi_device *); static inline bool acpi_device_enumerated(struct acpi_device *adev) { return adev && adev->flags.initialized && adev->flags.visited; } /** * module_acpi_driver(acpi_driver) - Helper macro for registering an ACPI driver * @__acpi_driver: acpi_driver struct * * Helper macro for ACPI drivers which do not do anything special in module * init/exit. This eliminates a lot of boilerplate. Each module may only * use this macro once, and calling it replaces module_init() and module_exit() */ #define module_acpi_driver(__acpi_driver) \ module_driver(__acpi_driver, acpi_bus_register_driver, \ acpi_bus_unregister_driver) /* * Bind physical devices with ACPI devices */ struct acpi_bus_type { struct list_head list; const char *name; bool (*match)(struct device *dev); struct acpi_device * (*find_companion)(struct device *); void (*setup)(struct device *); void (*cleanup)(struct device *); }; int register_acpi_bus_type(struct acpi_bus_type *); int unregister_acpi_bus_type(struct acpi_bus_type *); int acpi_bind_one(struct device *dev, struct acpi_device *adev); int acpi_unbind_one(struct device *dev); struct acpi_pci_root { struct acpi_device * device; struct pci_bus *bus; u16 segment; struct resource secondary; /* downstream bus range */ u32 osc_support_set; /* _OSC state of support bits */ u32 osc_control_set; /* _OSC state of control bits */ phys_addr_t mcfg_addr; }; /* helper */ bool acpi_dma_supported(struct acpi_device *adev); enum dev_dma_attr acpi_get_dma_attr(struct acpi_device *adev); int acpi_dma_get_range(struct device *dev, u64 *dma_addr, u64 *offset, u64 *size); int acpi_dma_configure_id(struct device *dev, enum dev_dma_attr attr, const u32 *input_id); static inline int acpi_dma_configure(struct device *dev, enum dev_dma_attr attr) { return acpi_dma_configure_id(dev, attr, NULL); } struct acpi_device *acpi_find_child_device(struct acpi_device *parent, u64 address, bool check_children); int acpi_is_root_bridge(acpi_handle); struct acpi_pci_root *acpi_pci_find_root(acpi_handle handle); int acpi_enable_wakeup_device_power(struct acpi_device *dev, int state); int acpi_disable_wakeup_device_power(struct acpi_device *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_X86 bool acpi_device_always_present(struct acpi_device *adev); #else static inline bool acpi_device_always_present(struct acpi_device *adev) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PM void acpi_pm_wakeup_event(struct device *dev); acpi_status acpi_add_pm_notifier(struct acpi_device *adev, struct device *dev, void (*func)(struct acpi_device_wakeup_context *context)); acpi_status acpi_remove_pm_notifier(struct acpi_device *adev); bool acpi_pm_device_can_wakeup(struct device *dev); int acpi_pm_device_sleep_state(struct device *, int *, int); int acpi_pm_set_device_wakeup(struct device *dev, bool enable); #else static inline void acpi_pm_wakeup_event(struct device *dev) { } static inline acpi_status acpi_add_pm_notifier(struct acpi_device *adev, struct device *dev, void (*func)(struct acpi_device_wakeup_context *context)) { return AE_SUPPORT; } static inline acpi_status acpi_remove_pm_notifier(struct acpi_device *adev) { return AE_SUPPORT; } static inline bool acpi_pm_device_can_wakeup(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline int acpi_pm_device_sleep_state(struct device *d, int *p, int m) { if (p) *p = ACPI_STATE_D0; return (m >= ACPI_STATE_D0 && m <= ACPI_STATE_D3_COLD) ? m : ACPI_STATE_D0; } static inline int acpi_pm_set_device_wakeup(struct device *dev, bool enable) { return -ENODEV; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_SYSTEM_POWER_STATES_SUPPORT bool acpi_sleep_state_supported(u8 sleep_state); #else static inline bool acpi_sleep_state_supported(u8 sleep_state) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_SLEEP u32 acpi_target_system_state(void); #else static inline u32 acpi_target_system_state(void) { return ACPI_STATE_S0; } #endif static inline bool acpi_device_power_manageable(struct acpi_device *adev) { return adev->flags.power_manageable; } static inline bool acpi_device_can_wakeup(struct acpi_device *adev) { return adev->wakeup.flags.valid; } static inline bool acpi_device_can_poweroff(struct acpi_device *adev) { return adev->power.states[ACPI_STATE_D3_COLD].flags.valid || ((acpi_gbl_FADT.header.revision < 6) && adev->power.states[ACPI_STATE_D3_HOT].flags.explicit_set); } bool acpi_dev_hid_uid_match(struct acpi_device *adev, const char *hid2, const char *uid2); struct acpi_device * acpi_dev_get_first_match_dev(const char *hid, const char *uid, s64 hrv); static inline void acpi_dev_put(struct acpi_device *adev) { if (adev) put_device(&adev->dev); } #else /* CONFIG_ACPI */ static inline int register_acpi_bus_type(void *bus) { return 0; } static inline int unregister_acpi_bus_type(void *bus) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_ACPI */ #endif /*__ACPI_BUS_H__*/
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Copyright (C) 2016 Facebook * Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Jens Axboe */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/sbitmap.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> /* * See if we have deferred clears that we can batch move */ static inline bool sbitmap_deferred_clear(struct sbitmap *sb, int index) { unsigned long mask, val; bool ret = false; unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&sb->map[index].swap_lock, flags); if (!sb->map[index].cleared) goto out_unlock; /* * First get a stable cleared mask, setting the old mask to 0. */ mask = xchg(&sb->map[index].cleared, 0); /* * Now clear the masked bits in our free word */ do { val = sb->map[index].word; } while (cmpxchg(&sb->map[index].word, val, val & ~mask) != val); ret = true; out_unlock: spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sb->map[index].swap_lock, flags); return ret; } int sbitmap_init_node(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int depth, int shift, gfp_t flags, int node) { unsigned int bits_per_word; unsigned int i; if (shift < 0) { shift = ilog2(BITS_PER_LONG); /* * If the bitmap is small, shrink the number of bits per word so * we spread over a few cachelines, at least. If less than 4 * bits, just forget about it, it's not going to work optimally * anyway. */ if (depth >= 4) { while ((4U << shift) > depth) shift--; } } bits_per_word = 1U << shift; if (bits_per_word > BITS_PER_LONG) return -EINVAL; sb->shift = shift; sb->depth = depth; sb->map_nr = DIV_ROUND_UP(sb->depth, bits_per_word); if (depth == 0) { sb->map = NULL; return 0; } sb->map = kcalloc_node(sb->map_nr, sizeof(*sb->map), flags, node); if (!sb->map) return -ENOMEM; for (i = 0; i < sb->map_nr; i++) { sb->map[i].depth = min(depth, bits_per_word); depth -= sb->map[i].depth; spin_lock_init(&sb->map[i].swap_lock); } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_init_node); void sbitmap_resize(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int depth) { unsigned int bits_per_word = 1U << sb->shift; unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < sb->map_nr; i++) sbitmap_deferred_clear(sb, i); sb->depth = depth; sb->map_nr = DIV_ROUND_UP(sb->depth, bits_per_word); for (i = 0; i < sb->map_nr; i++) { sb->map[i].depth = min(depth, bits_per_word); depth -= sb->map[i].depth; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_resize); static int __sbitmap_get_word(unsigned long *word, unsigned long depth, unsigned int hint, bool wrap) { unsigned int orig_hint = hint; int nr; while (1) { nr = find_next_zero_bit(word, depth, hint); if (unlikely(nr >= depth)) { /* * We started with an offset, and we didn't reset the * offset to 0 in a failure case, so start from 0 to * exhaust the map. */ if (orig_hint && hint && wrap) { hint = orig_hint = 0; continue; } return -1; } if (!test_and_set_bit_lock(nr, word)) break; hint = nr + 1; if (hint >= depth - 1) hint = 0; } return nr; } static int sbitmap_find_bit_in_index(struct sbitmap *sb, int index, unsigned int alloc_hint, bool round_robin) { int nr; do { nr = __sbitmap_get_word(&sb->map[index].word, sb->map[index].depth, alloc_hint, !round_robin); if (nr != -1) break; if (!sbitmap_deferred_clear(sb, index)) break; } while (1); return nr; } int sbitmap_get(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int alloc_hint, bool round_robin) { unsigned int i, index; int nr = -1; index = SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, alloc_hint); /* * Unless we're doing round robin tag allocation, just use the * alloc_hint to find the right word index. No point in looping * twice in find_next_zero_bit() for that case. */ if (round_robin) alloc_hint = SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, alloc_hint); else alloc_hint = 0; for (i = 0; i < sb->map_nr; i++) { nr = sbitmap_find_bit_in_index(sb, index, alloc_hint, round_robin); if (nr != -1) { nr += index << sb->shift; break; } /* Jump to next index. */ alloc_hint = 0; if (++index >= sb->map_nr) index = 0; } return nr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_get); int sbitmap_get_shallow(struct sbitmap *sb, unsigned int alloc_hint, unsigned long shallow_depth) { unsigned int i, index; int nr = -1; index = SB_NR_TO_INDEX(sb, alloc_hint); for (i = 0; i < sb->map_nr; i++) { again: nr = __sbitmap_get_word(&sb->map[index].word, min(sb->map[index].depth, shallow_depth), SB_NR_TO_BIT(sb, alloc_hint), true); if (nr != -1) { nr += index << sb->shift; break; } if (sbitmap_deferred_clear(sb, index)) goto again; /* Jump to next index. */ index++; alloc_hint = index << sb->shift; if (index >= sb->map_nr) { index = 0; alloc_hint = 0; } } return nr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_get_shallow); bool sbitmap_any_bit_set(const struct sbitmap *sb) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < sb->map_nr; i++) { if (sb->map[i].word & ~sb->map[i].cleared) return true; } return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_any_bit_set); static unsigned int __sbitmap_weight(const struct sbitmap *sb, bool set) { unsigned int i, weight = 0; for (i = 0; i < sb->map_nr; i++) { const struct sbitmap_word *word = &sb->map[i]; if (set) weight += bitmap_weight(&word->word, word->depth); else weight += bitmap_weight(&word->cleared, word->depth); } return weight; } static unsigned int sbitmap_weight(const struct sbitmap *sb) { return __sbitmap_weight(sb, true); } static unsigned int sbitmap_cleared(const struct sbitmap *sb) { return __sbitmap_weight(sb, false); } void sbitmap_show(struct sbitmap *sb, struct seq_file *m) { seq_printf(m, "depth=%u\n", sb->depth); seq_printf(m, "busy=%u\n", sbitmap_weight(sb) - sbitmap_cleared(sb)); seq_printf(m, "cleared=%u\n", sbitmap_cleared(sb)); seq_printf(m, "bits_per_word=%u\n", 1U << sb->shift); seq_printf(m, "map_nr=%u\n", sb->map_nr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_show); static inline void emit_byte(struct seq_file *m, unsigned int offset, u8 byte) { if ((offset & 0xf) == 0) { if (offset != 0) seq_putc(m, '\n'); seq_printf(m, "%08x:", offset); } if ((offset & 0x1) == 0) seq_putc(m, ' '); seq_printf(m, "%02x", byte); } void sbitmap_bitmap_show(struct sbitmap *sb, struct seq_file *m) { u8 byte = 0; unsigned int byte_bits = 0; unsigned int offset = 0; int i; for (i = 0; i < sb->map_nr; i++) { unsigned long word = READ_ONCE(sb->map[i].word); unsigned long cleared = READ_ONCE(sb->map[i].cleared); unsigned int word_bits = READ_ONCE(sb->map[i].depth); word &= ~cleared; while (word_bits > 0) { unsigned int bits = min(8 - byte_bits, word_bits); byte |= (word & (BIT(bits) - 1)) << byte_bits; byte_bits += bits; if (byte_bits == 8) { emit_byte(m, offset, byte); byte = 0; byte_bits = 0; offset++; } word >>= bits; word_bits -= bits; } } if (byte_bits) { emit_byte(m, offset, byte); offset++; } if (offset) seq_putc(m, '\n'); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_bitmap_show); static unsigned int sbq_calc_wake_batch(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int depth) { unsigned int wake_batch; unsigned int shallow_depth; /* * For each batch, we wake up one queue. We need to make sure that our * batch size is small enough that the full depth of the bitmap, * potentially limited by a shallow depth, is enough to wake up all of * the queues. * * Each full word of the bitmap has bits_per_word bits, and there might * be a partial word. There are depth / bits_per_word full words and * depth % bits_per_word bits left over. In bitwise arithmetic: * * bits_per_word = 1 << shift * depth / bits_per_word = depth >> shift * depth % bits_per_word = depth & ((1 << shift) - 1) * * Each word can be limited to sbq->min_shallow_depth bits. */ shallow_depth = min(1U << sbq->sb.shift, sbq->min_shallow_depth); depth = ((depth >> sbq->sb.shift) * shallow_depth + min(depth & ((1U << sbq->sb.shift) - 1), shallow_depth)); wake_batch = clamp_t(unsigned int, depth / SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES, 1, SBQ_WAKE_BATCH); return wake_batch; } int sbitmap_queue_init_node(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int depth, int shift, bool round_robin, gfp_t flags, int node) { int ret; int i; ret = sbitmap_init_node(&sbq->sb, depth, shift, flags, node); if (ret) return ret; sbq->alloc_hint = alloc_percpu_gfp(unsigned int, flags); if (!sbq->alloc_hint) { sbitmap_free(&sbq->sb); return -ENOMEM; } if (depth && !round_robin) { for_each_possible_cpu(i) *per_cpu_ptr(sbq->alloc_hint, i) = prandom_u32() % depth; } sbq->min_shallow_depth = UINT_MAX; sbq->wake_batch = sbq_calc_wake_batch(sbq, depth); atomic_set(&sbq->wake_index, 0); atomic_set(&sbq->ws_active, 0); sbq->ws = kzalloc_node(SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES * sizeof(*sbq->ws), flags, node); if (!sbq->ws) { free_percpu(sbq->alloc_hint); sbitmap_free(&sbq->sb); return -ENOMEM; } for (i = 0; i < SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES; i++) { init_waitqueue_head(&sbq->ws[i].wait); atomic_set(&sbq->ws[i].wait_cnt, sbq->wake_batch); } sbq->round_robin = round_robin; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_queue_init_node); static void sbitmap_queue_update_wake_batch(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int depth) { unsigned int wake_batch = sbq_calc_wake_batch(sbq, depth); int i; if (sbq->wake_batch != wake_batch) { WRITE_ONCE(sbq->wake_batch, wake_batch); /* * Pairs with the memory barrier in sbitmap_queue_wake_up() * to ensure that the batch size is updated before the wait * counts. */ smp_mb(); for (i = 0; i < SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES; i++) atomic_set(&sbq->ws[i].wait_cnt, 1); } } void sbitmap_queue_resize(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int depth) { sbitmap_queue_update_wake_batch(sbq, depth); sbitmap_resize(&sbq->sb, depth); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_queue_resize); int __sbitmap_queue_get(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq) { unsigned int hint, depth; int nr; hint = this_cpu_read(*sbq->alloc_hint); depth = READ_ONCE(sbq->sb.depth); if (unlikely(hint >= depth)) { hint = depth ? prandom_u32() % depth : 0; this_cpu_write(*sbq->alloc_hint, hint); } nr = sbitmap_get(&sbq->sb, hint, sbq->round_robin); if (nr == -1) { /* If the map is full, a hint won't do us much good. */ this_cpu_write(*sbq->alloc_hint, 0); } else if (nr == hint || unlikely(sbq->round_robin)) { /* Only update the hint if we used it. */ hint = nr + 1; if (hint >= depth - 1) hint = 0; this_cpu_write(*sbq->alloc_hint, hint); } return nr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__sbitmap_queue_get); int __sbitmap_queue_get_shallow(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int shallow_depth) { unsigned int hint, depth; int nr; WARN_ON_ONCE(shallow_depth < sbq->min_shallow_depth); hint = this_cpu_read(*sbq->alloc_hint); depth = READ_ONCE(sbq->sb.depth); if (unlikely(hint >= depth)) { hint = depth ? prandom_u32() % depth : 0; this_cpu_write(*sbq->alloc_hint, hint); } nr = sbitmap_get_shallow(&sbq->sb, hint, shallow_depth); if (nr == -1) { /* If the map is full, a hint won't do us much good. */ this_cpu_write(*sbq->alloc_hint, 0); } else if (nr == hint || unlikely(sbq->round_robin)) { /* Only update the hint if we used it. */ hint = nr + 1; if (hint >= depth - 1) hint = 0; this_cpu_write(*sbq->alloc_hint, hint); } return nr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__sbitmap_queue_get_shallow); void sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int min_shallow_depth) { sbq->min_shallow_depth = min_shallow_depth; sbitmap_queue_update_wake_batch(sbq, sbq->sb.depth); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_queue_min_shallow_depth); static struct sbq_wait_state *sbq_wake_ptr(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq) { int i, wake_index; if (!atomic_read(&sbq->ws_active)) return NULL; wake_index = atomic_read(&sbq->wake_index); for (i = 0; i < SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES; i++) { struct sbq_wait_state *ws = &sbq->ws[wake_index]; if (waitqueue_active(&ws->wait)) { if (wake_index != atomic_read(&sbq->wake_index)) atomic_set(&sbq->wake_index, wake_index); return ws; } wake_index = sbq_index_inc(wake_index); } return NULL; } static bool __sbq_wake_up(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq) { struct sbq_wait_state *ws; unsigned int wake_batch; int wait_cnt; ws = sbq_wake_ptr(sbq); if (!ws) return false; wait_cnt = atomic_dec_return(&ws->wait_cnt); if (wait_cnt <= 0) { int ret; wake_batch = READ_ONCE(sbq->wake_batch); /* * Pairs with the memory barrier in sbitmap_queue_resize() to * ensure that we see the batch size update before the wait * count is reset. */ smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* * For concurrent callers of this, the one that failed the * atomic_cmpxhcg() race should call this function again * to wakeup a new batch on a different 'ws'. */ ret = atomic_cmpxchg(&ws->wait_cnt, wait_cnt, wake_batch); if (ret == wait_cnt) { sbq_index_atomic_inc(&sbq->wake_index); wake_up_nr(&ws->wait, wake_batch); return false; } return true; } return false; } void sbitmap_queue_wake_up(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq) { while (__sbq_wake_up(sbq)) ; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_queue_wake_up); void sbitmap_queue_clear(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, unsigned int nr, unsigned int cpu) { /* * Once the clear bit is set, the bit may be allocated out. * * Orders READ/WRITE on the asssociated instance(such as request * of blk_mq) by this bit for avoiding race with re-allocation, * and its pair is the memory barrier implied in __sbitmap_get_word. * * One invariant is that the clear bit has to be zero when the bit * is in use. */ smp_mb__before_atomic(); sbitmap_deferred_clear_bit(&sbq->sb, nr); /* * Pairs with the memory barrier in set_current_state() to ensure the * proper ordering of clear_bit_unlock()/waitqueue_active() in the waker * and test_and_set_bit_lock()/prepare_to_wait()/finish_wait() in the * waiter. See the comment on waitqueue_active(). */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); sbitmap_queue_wake_up(sbq); if (likely(!sbq->round_robin && nr < sbq->sb.depth)) *per_cpu_ptr(sbq->alloc_hint, cpu) = nr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_queue_clear); void sbitmap_queue_wake_all(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq) { int i, wake_index; /* * Pairs with the memory barrier in set_current_state() like in * sbitmap_queue_wake_up(). */ smp_mb(); wake_index = atomic_read(&sbq->wake_index); for (i = 0; i < SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES; i++) { struct sbq_wait_state *ws = &sbq->ws[wake_index]; if (waitqueue_active(&ws->wait)) wake_up(&ws->wait); wake_index = sbq_index_inc(wake_index); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_queue_wake_all); void sbitmap_queue_show(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct seq_file *m) { bool first; int i; sbitmap_show(&sbq->sb, m); seq_puts(m, "alloc_hint={"); first = true; for_each_possible_cpu(i) { if (!first) seq_puts(m, ", "); first = false; seq_printf(m, "%u", *per_cpu_ptr(sbq->alloc_hint, i)); } seq_puts(m, "}\n"); seq_printf(m, "wake_batch=%u\n", sbq->wake_batch); seq_printf(m, "wake_index=%d\n", atomic_read(&sbq->wake_index)); seq_printf(m, "ws_active=%d\n", atomic_read(&sbq->ws_active)); seq_puts(m, "ws={\n"); for (i = 0; i < SBQ_WAIT_QUEUES; i++) { struct sbq_wait_state *ws = &sbq->ws[i]; seq_printf(m, "\t{.wait_cnt=%d, .wait=%s},\n", atomic_read(&ws->wait_cnt), waitqueue_active(&ws->wait) ? "active" : "inactive"); } seq_puts(m, "}\n"); seq_printf(m, "round_robin=%d\n", sbq->round_robin); seq_printf(m, "min_shallow_depth=%u\n", sbq->min_shallow_depth); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_queue_show); void sbitmap_add_wait_queue(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait) { if (!sbq_wait->sbq) { sbq_wait->sbq = sbq; atomic_inc(&sbq->ws_active); add_wait_queue(&ws->wait, &sbq_wait->wait); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_add_wait_queue); void sbitmap_del_wait_queue(struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait) { list_del_init(&sbq_wait->wait.entry); if (sbq_wait->sbq) { atomic_dec(&sbq_wait->sbq->ws_active); sbq_wait->sbq = NULL; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_del_wait_queue); void sbitmap_prepare_to_wait(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait, int state) { if (!sbq_wait->sbq) { atomic_inc(&sbq->ws_active); sbq_wait->sbq = sbq; } prepare_to_wait_exclusive(&ws->wait, &sbq_wait->wait, state); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_prepare_to_wait); void sbitmap_finish_wait(struct sbitmap_queue *sbq, struct sbq_wait_state *ws, struct sbq_wait *sbq_wait) { finish_wait(&ws->wait, &sbq_wait->wait); if (sbq_wait->sbq) { atomic_dec(&sbq->ws_active); sbq_wait->sbq = NULL; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sbitmap_finish_wait);
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4622 4623 4624 4625 4626 4627 4628 4629 4630 4631 4632 4633 4634 4635 4636 4637 4638 4639 4640 4641 4642 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Definitions for the 'struct sk_buff' memory handlers. * * Authors: * Alan Cox, <gw4pts@gw4pts.ampr.org> * Florian La Roche, <rzsfl@rz.uni-sb.de> */ #ifndef _LINUX_SKBUFF_H #define _LINUX_SKBUFF_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/bvec.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <asm/types.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/textsearch.h> #include <net/checksum.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/netdev_features.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <linux/splice.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/if_packet.h> #include <net/flow.h> #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_common.h> #endif /* The interface for checksum offload between the stack and networking drivers * is as follows... * * A. IP checksum related features * * Drivers advertise checksum offload capabilities in the features of a device. * From the stack's point of view these are capabilities offered by the driver. * A driver typically only advertises features that it is capable of offloading * to its device. * * The checksum related features are: * * NETIF_F_HW_CSUM - The driver (or its device) is able to compute one * IP (one's complement) checksum for any combination * of protocols or protocol layering. The checksum is * computed and set in a packet per the CHECKSUM_PARTIAL * interface (see below). * * NETIF_F_IP_CSUM - Driver (device) is only able to checksum plain * TCP or UDP packets over IPv4. These are specifically * unencapsulated packets of the form IPv4|TCP or * IPv4|UDP where the Protocol field in the IPv4 header * is TCP or UDP. The IPv4 header may contain IP options. * This feature cannot be set in features for a device * with NETIF_F_HW_CSUM also set. This feature is being * DEPRECATED (see below). * * NETIF_F_IPV6_CSUM - Driver (device) is only able to checksum plain * TCP or UDP packets over IPv6. These are specifically * unencapsulated packets of the form IPv6|TCP or * IPv6|UDP where the Next Header field in the IPv6 * header is either TCP or UDP. IPv6 extension headers * are not supported with this feature. This feature * cannot be set in features for a device with * NETIF_F_HW_CSUM also set. This feature is being * DEPRECATED (see below). * * NETIF_F_RXCSUM - Driver (device) performs receive checksum offload. * This flag is only used to disable the RX checksum * feature for a device. The stack will accept receive * checksum indication in packets received on a device * regardless of whether NETIF_F_RXCSUM is set. * * B. Checksumming of received packets by device. Indication of checksum * verification is set in skb->ip_summed. Possible values are: * * CHECKSUM_NONE: * * Device did not checksum this packet e.g. due to lack of capabilities. * The packet contains full (though not verified) checksum in packet but * not in skb->csum. Thus, skb->csum is undefined in this case. * * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY: * * The hardware you're dealing with doesn't calculate the full checksum * (as in CHECKSUM_COMPLETE), but it does parse headers and verify checksums * for specific protocols. For such packets it will set CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY * if their checksums are okay. skb->csum is still undefined in this case * though. A driver or device must never modify the checksum field in the * packet even if checksum is verified. * * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY is applicable to following protocols: * TCP: IPv6 and IPv4. * UDP: IPv4 and IPv6. A device may apply CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY to a * zero UDP checksum for either IPv4 or IPv6, the networking stack * may perform further validation in this case. * GRE: only if the checksum is present in the header. * SCTP: indicates the CRC in SCTP header has been validated. * FCOE: indicates the CRC in FC frame has been validated. * * skb->csum_level indicates the number of consecutive checksums found in * the packet minus one that have been verified as CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY. * For instance if a device receives an IPv6->UDP->GRE->IPv4->TCP packet * and a device is able to verify the checksums for UDP (possibly zero), * GRE (checksum flag is set) and TCP, skb->csum_level would be set to * two. If the device were only able to verify the UDP checksum and not * GRE, either because it doesn't support GRE checksum or because GRE * checksum is bad, skb->csum_level would be set to zero (TCP checksum is * not considered in this case). * * CHECKSUM_COMPLETE: * * This is the most generic way. The device supplied checksum of the _whole_ * packet as seen by netif_rx() and fills in skb->csum. This means the * hardware doesn't need to parse L3/L4 headers to implement this. * * Notes: * - Even if device supports only some protocols, but is able to produce * skb->csum, it MUST use CHECKSUM_COMPLETE, not CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY. * - CHECKSUM_COMPLETE is not applicable to SCTP and FCoE protocols. * * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL: * * A checksum is set up to be offloaded to a device as described in the * output description for CHECKSUM_PARTIAL. This may occur on a packet * received directly from another Linux OS, e.g., a virtualized Linux kernel * on the same host, or it may be set in the input path in GRO or remote * checksum offload. For the purposes of checksum verification, the checksum * referred to by skb->csum_start + skb->csum_offset and any preceding * checksums in the packet are considered verified. Any checksums in the * packet that are after the checksum being offloaded are not considered to * be verified. * * C. Checksumming on transmit for non-GSO. The stack requests checksum offload * in the skb->ip_summed for a packet. Values are: * * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL: * * The driver is required to checksum the packet as seen by hard_start_xmit() * from skb->csum_start up to the end, and to record/write the checksum at * offset skb->csum_start + skb->csum_offset. A driver may verify that the * csum_start and csum_offset values are valid values given the length and * offset of the packet, but it should not attempt to validate that the * checksum refers to a legitimate transport layer checksum -- it is the * purview of the stack to validate that csum_start and csum_offset are set * correctly. * * When the stack requests checksum offload for a packet, the driver MUST * ensure that the checksum is set correctly. A driver can either offload the * checksum calculation to the device, or call skb_checksum_help (in the case * that the device does not support offload for a particular checksum). * * NETIF_F_IP_CSUM and NETIF_F_IPV6_CSUM are being deprecated in favor of * NETIF_F_HW_CSUM. New devices should use NETIF_F_HW_CSUM to indicate * checksum offload capability. * skb_csum_hwoffload_help() can be called to resolve CHECKSUM_PARTIAL based * on network device checksumming capabilities: if a packet does not match * them, skb_checksum_help or skb_crc32c_help (depending on the value of * csum_not_inet, see item D.) is called to resolve the checksum. * * CHECKSUM_NONE: * * The skb was already checksummed by the protocol, or a checksum is not * required. * * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY: * * This has the same meaning as CHECKSUM_NONE for checksum offload on * output. * * CHECKSUM_COMPLETE: * Not used in checksum output. If a driver observes a packet with this value * set in skbuff, it should treat the packet as if CHECKSUM_NONE were set. * * D. Non-IP checksum (CRC) offloads * * NETIF_F_SCTP_CRC - This feature indicates that a device is capable of * offloading the SCTP CRC in a packet. To perform this offload the stack * will set csum_start and csum_offset accordingly, set ip_summed to * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL and set csum_not_inet to 1, to provide an indication in * the skbuff that the CHECKSUM_PARTIAL refers to CRC32c. * A driver that supports both IP checksum offload and SCTP CRC32c offload * must verify which offload is configured for a packet by testing the * value of skb->csum_not_inet; skb_crc32c_csum_help is provided to resolve * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL on skbs where csum_not_inet is set to 1. * * NETIF_F_FCOE_CRC - This feature indicates that a device is capable of * offloading the FCOE CRC in a packet. To perform this offload the stack * will set ip_summed to CHECKSUM_PARTIAL and set csum_start and csum_offset * accordingly. Note that there is no indication in the skbuff that the * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL refers to an FCOE checksum, so a driver that supports * both IP checksum offload and FCOE CRC offload must verify which offload * is configured for a packet, presumably by inspecting packet headers. * * E. Checksumming on output with GSO. * * In the case of a GSO packet (skb_is_gso(skb) is true), checksum offload * is implied by the SKB_GSO_* flags in gso_type. Most obviously, if the * gso_type is SKB_GSO_TCPV4 or SKB_GSO_TCPV6, TCP checksum offload as * part of the GSO operation is implied. If a checksum is being offloaded * with GSO then ip_summed is CHECKSUM_PARTIAL, and both csum_start and * csum_offset are set to refer to the outermost checksum being offloaded * (two offloaded checksums are possible with UDP encapsulation). */ /* Don't change this without changing skb_csum_unnecessary! */ #define CHECKSUM_NONE 0 #define CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY 1 #define CHECKSUM_COMPLETE 2 #define CHECKSUM_PARTIAL 3 /* Maximum value in skb->csum_level */ #define SKB_MAX_CSUM_LEVEL 3 #define SKB_DATA_ALIGN(X) ALIGN(X, SMP_CACHE_BYTES) #define SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD(X) \ ((X) - SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct skb_shared_info))) #define SKB_MAX_ORDER(X, ORDER) \ SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD((PAGE_SIZE << (ORDER)) - (X)) #define SKB_MAX_HEAD(X) (SKB_MAX_ORDER((X), 0)) #define SKB_MAX_ALLOC (SKB_MAX_ORDER(0, 2)) /* return minimum truesize of one skb containing X bytes of data */ #define SKB_TRUESIZE(X) ((X) + \ SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct sk_buff)) + \ SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct skb_shared_info))) struct ahash_request; struct net_device; struct scatterlist; struct pipe_inode_info; struct iov_iter; struct napi_struct; struct bpf_prog; union bpf_attr; struct skb_ext; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BRIDGE_NETFILTER) struct nf_bridge_info { enum { BRNF_PROTO_UNCHANGED, BRNF_PROTO_8021Q, BRNF_PROTO_PPPOE } orig_proto:8; u8 pkt_otherhost:1; u8 in_prerouting:1; u8 bridged_dnat:1; __u16 frag_max_size; struct net_device *physindev; /* always valid & non-NULL from FORWARD on, for physdev match */ struct net_device *physoutdev; union { /* prerouting: detect dnat in orig/reply direction */ __be32 ipv4_daddr; struct in6_addr ipv6_daddr; /* after prerouting + nat detected: store original source * mac since neigh resolution overwrites it, only used while * skb is out in neigh layer. */ char neigh_header[8]; }; }; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_TC_SKB_EXT) /* Chain in tc_skb_ext will be used to share the tc chain with * ovs recirc_id. It will be set to the current chain by tc * and read by ovs to recirc_id. */ struct tc_skb_ext { __u32 chain; __u16 mru; }; #endif struct sk_buff_head { /* These two members must be first. */ struct sk_buff *next; struct sk_buff *prev; __u32 qlen; spinlock_t lock; }; struct sk_buff; /* To allow 64K frame to be packed as single skb without frag_list we * require 64K/PAGE_SIZE pages plus 1 additional page to allow for * buffers which do not start on a page boundary. * * Since GRO uses frags we allocate at least 16 regardless of page * size. */ #if (65536/PAGE_SIZE + 1) < 16 #define MAX_SKB_FRAGS 16UL #else #define MAX_SKB_FRAGS (65536/PAGE_SIZE + 1) #endif extern int sysctl_max_skb_frags; /* Set skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size to this in case you want skb_segment to * segment using its current segmentation instead. */ #define GSO_BY_FRAGS 0xFFFF typedef struct bio_vec skb_frag_t; /** * skb_frag_size() - Returns the size of a skb fragment * @frag: skb fragment */ static inline unsigned int skb_frag_size(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return frag->bv_len; } /** * skb_frag_size_set() - Sets the size of a skb fragment * @frag: skb fragment * @size: size of fragment */ static inline void skb_frag_size_set(skb_frag_t *frag, unsigned int size) { frag->bv_len = size; } /** * skb_frag_size_add() - Increments the size of a skb fragment by @delta * @frag: skb fragment * @delta: value to add */ static inline void skb_frag_size_add(skb_frag_t *frag, int delta) { frag->bv_len += delta; } /** * skb_frag_size_sub() - Decrements the size of a skb fragment by @delta * @frag: skb fragment * @delta: value to subtract */ static inline void skb_frag_size_sub(skb_frag_t *frag, int delta) { frag->bv_len -= delta; } /** * skb_frag_must_loop - Test if %p is a high memory page * @p: fragment's page */ static inline bool skb_frag_must_loop(struct page *p) { #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) if (PageHighMem(p)) return true; #endif return false; } /** * skb_frag_foreach_page - loop over pages in a fragment * * @f: skb frag to operate on * @f_off: offset from start of f->bv_page * @f_len: length from f_off to loop over * @p: (temp var) current page * @p_off: (temp var) offset from start of current page, * non-zero only on first page. * @p_len: (temp var) length in current page, * < PAGE_SIZE only on first and last page. * @copied: (temp var) length so far, excluding current p_len. * * A fragment can hold a compound page, in which case per-page * operations, notably kmap_atomic, must be called for each * regular page. */ #define skb_frag_foreach_page(f, f_off, f_len, p, p_off, p_len, copied) \ for (p = skb_frag_page(f) + ((f_off) >> PAGE_SHIFT), \ p_off = (f_off) & (PAGE_SIZE - 1), \ p_len = skb_frag_must_loop(p) ? \ min_t(u32, f_len, PAGE_SIZE - p_off) : f_len, \ copied = 0; \ copied < f_len; \ copied += p_len, p++, p_off = 0, \ p_len = min_t(u32, f_len - copied, PAGE_SIZE)) \ #define HAVE_HW_TIME_STAMP /** * struct skb_shared_hwtstamps - hardware time stamps * @hwtstamp: hardware time stamp transformed into duration * since arbitrary point in time * * Software time stamps generated by ktime_get_real() are stored in * skb->tstamp. * * hwtstamps can only be compared against other hwtstamps from * the same device. * * This structure is attached to packets as part of the * &skb_shared_info. Use skb_hwtstamps() to get a pointer. */ struct skb_shared_hwtstamps { ktime_t hwtstamp; }; /* Definitions for tx_flags in struct skb_shared_info */ enum { /* generate hardware time stamp */ SKBTX_HW_TSTAMP = 1 << 0, /* generate software time stamp when queueing packet to NIC */ SKBTX_SW_TSTAMP = 1 << 1, /* device driver is going to provide hardware time stamp */ SKBTX_IN_PROGRESS = 1 << 2, /* device driver supports TX zero-copy buffers */ SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY = 1 << 3, /* generate wifi status information (where possible) */ SKBTX_WIFI_STATUS = 1 << 4, /* This indicates at least one fragment might be overwritten * (as in vmsplice(), sendfile() ...) * If we need to compute a TX checksum, we'll need to copy * all frags to avoid possible bad checksum */ SKBTX_SHARED_FRAG = 1 << 5, /* generate software time stamp when entering packet scheduling */ SKBTX_SCHED_TSTAMP = 1 << 6, }; #define SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG (SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY | SKBTX_SHARED_FRAG) #define SKBTX_ANY_SW_TSTAMP (SKBTX_SW_TSTAMP | \ SKBTX_SCHED_TSTAMP) #define SKBTX_ANY_TSTAMP (SKBTX_HW_TSTAMP | SKBTX_ANY_SW_TSTAMP) /* * The callback notifies userspace to release buffers when skb DMA is done in * lower device, the skb last reference should be 0 when calling this. * The zerocopy_success argument is true if zero copy transmit occurred, * false on data copy or out of memory error caused by data copy attempt. * The ctx field is used to track device context. * The desc field is used to track userspace buffer index. */ struct ubuf_info { void (*callback)(struct ubuf_info *, bool zerocopy_success); union { struct { unsigned long desc; void *ctx; }; struct { u32 id; u16 len; u16 zerocopy:1; u32 bytelen; }; }; refcount_t refcnt; struct mmpin { struct user_struct *user; unsigned int num_pg; } mmp; }; #define skb_uarg(SKB) ((struct ubuf_info *)(skb_shinfo(SKB)->destructor_arg)) int mm_account_pinned_pages(struct mmpin *mmp, size_t size); void mm_unaccount_pinned_pages(struct mmpin *mmp); struct ubuf_info *sock_zerocopy_alloc(struct sock *sk, size_t size); struct ubuf_info *sock_zerocopy_realloc(struct sock *sk, size_t size, struct ubuf_info *uarg); static inline void sock_zerocopy_get(struct ubuf_info *uarg) { refcount_inc(&uarg->refcnt); } void sock_zerocopy_put(struct ubuf_info *uarg); void sock_zerocopy_put_abort(struct ubuf_info *uarg, bool have_uref); void sock_zerocopy_callback(struct ubuf_info *uarg, bool success); int skb_zerocopy_iter_dgram(struct sk_buff *skb, struct msghdr *msg, int len); int skb_zerocopy_iter_stream(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct msghdr *msg, int len, struct ubuf_info *uarg); /* This data is invariant across clones and lives at * the end of the header data, ie. at skb->end. */ struct skb_shared_info { __u8 __unused; __u8 meta_len; __u8 nr_frags; __u8 tx_flags; unsigned short gso_size; /* Warning: this field is not always filled in (UFO)! */ unsigned short gso_segs; struct sk_buff *frag_list; struct skb_shared_hwtstamps hwtstamps; unsigned int gso_type; u32 tskey; /* * Warning : all fields before dataref are cleared in __alloc_skb() */ atomic_t dataref; /* Intermediate layers must ensure that destructor_arg * remains valid until skb destructor */ void * destructor_arg; /* must be last field, see pskb_expand_head() */ skb_frag_t frags[MAX_SKB_FRAGS]; }; /* We divide dataref into two halves. The higher 16 bits hold references * to the payload part of skb->data. The lower 16 bits hold references to * the entire skb->data. A clone of a headerless skb holds the length of * the header in skb->hdr_len. * * All users must obey the rule that the skb->data reference count must be * greater than or equal to the payload reference count. * * Holding a reference to the payload part means that the user does not * care about modifications to the header part of skb->data. */ #define SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT 16 #define SKB_DATAREF_MASK ((1 << SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT) - 1) enum { SKB_FCLONE_UNAVAILABLE, /* skb has no fclone (from head_cache) */ SKB_FCLONE_ORIG, /* orig skb (from fclone_cache) */ SKB_FCLONE_CLONE, /* companion fclone skb (from fclone_cache) */ }; enum { SKB_GSO_TCPV4 = 1 << 0, /* This indicates the skb is from an untrusted source. */ SKB_GSO_DODGY = 1 << 1, /* This indicates the tcp segment has CWR set. */ SKB_GSO_TCP_ECN = 1 << 2, SKB_GSO_TCP_FIXEDID = 1 << 3, SKB_GSO_TCPV6 = 1 << 4, SKB_GSO_FCOE = 1 << 5, SKB_GSO_GRE = 1 << 6, SKB_GSO_GRE_CSUM = 1 << 7, SKB_GSO_IPXIP4 = 1 << 8, SKB_GSO_IPXIP6 = 1 << 9, SKB_GSO_UDP_TUNNEL = 1 << 10, SKB_GSO_UDP_TUNNEL_CSUM = 1 << 11, SKB_GSO_PARTIAL = 1 << 12, SKB_GSO_TUNNEL_REMCSUM = 1 << 13, SKB_GSO_SCTP = 1 << 14, SKB_GSO_ESP = 1 << 15, SKB_GSO_UDP = 1 << 16, SKB_GSO_UDP_L4 = 1 << 17, SKB_GSO_FRAGLIST = 1 << 18, }; #if BITS_PER_LONG > 32 #define NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET 1 #endif #ifdef NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET typedef unsigned int sk_buff_data_t; #else typedef unsigned char *sk_buff_data_t; #endif /** * struct sk_buff - socket buffer * @next: Next buffer in list * @prev: Previous buffer in list * @tstamp: Time we arrived/left * @skb_mstamp_ns: (aka @tstamp) earliest departure time; start point * for retransmit timer * @rbnode: RB tree node, alternative to next/prev for netem/tcp * @list: queue head * @sk: Socket we are owned by * @ip_defrag_offset: (aka @sk) alternate use of @sk, used in * fragmentation management * @dev: Device we arrived on/are leaving by * @dev_scratch: (aka @dev) alternate use of @dev when @dev would be %NULL * @cb: Control buffer. Free for use by every layer. Put private vars here * @_skb_refdst: destination entry (with norefcount bit) * @sp: the security path, used for xfrm * @len: Length of actual data * @data_len: Data length * @mac_len: Length of link layer header * @hdr_len: writable header length of cloned skb * @csum: Checksum (must include start/offset pair) * @csum_start: Offset from skb->head where checksumming should start * @csum_offset: Offset from csum_start where checksum should be stored * @priority: Packet queueing priority * @ignore_df: allow local fragmentation * @cloned: Head may be cloned (check refcnt to be sure) * @ip_summed: Driver fed us an IP checksum * @nohdr: Payload reference only, must not modify header * @pkt_type: Packet class * @fclone: skbuff clone status * @ipvs_property: skbuff is owned by ipvs * @inner_protocol_type: whether the inner protocol is * ENCAP_TYPE_ETHER or ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO * @remcsum_offload: remote checksum offload is enabled * @offload_fwd_mark: Packet was L2-forwarded in hardware * @offload_l3_fwd_mark: Packet was L3-forwarded in hardware * @tc_skip_classify: do not classify packet. set by IFB device * @tc_at_ingress: used within tc_classify to distinguish in/egress * @redirected: packet was redirected by packet classifier * @from_ingress: packet was redirected from the ingress path * @peeked: this packet has been seen already, so stats have been * done for it, don't do them again * @nf_trace: netfilter packet trace flag * @protocol: Packet protocol from driver * @destructor: Destruct function * @tcp_tsorted_anchor: list structure for TCP (tp->tsorted_sent_queue) * @_nfct: Associated connection, if any (with nfctinfo bits) * @nf_bridge: Saved data about a bridged frame - see br_netfilter.c * @skb_iif: ifindex of device we arrived on * @tc_index: Traffic control index * @hash: the packet hash * @queue_mapping: Queue mapping for multiqueue devices * @head_frag: skb was allocated from page fragments, * not allocated by kmalloc() or vmalloc(). * @pfmemalloc: skbuff was allocated from PFMEMALLOC reserves * @active_extensions: active extensions (skb_ext_id types) * @ndisc_nodetype: router type (from link layer) * @ooo_okay: allow the mapping of a socket to a queue to be changed * @l4_hash: indicate hash is a canonical 4-tuple hash over transport * ports. * @sw_hash: indicates hash was computed in software stack * @wifi_acked_valid: wifi_acked was set * @wifi_acked: whether frame was acked on wifi or not * @no_fcs: Request NIC to treat last 4 bytes as Ethernet FCS * @encapsulation: indicates the inner headers in the skbuff are valid * @encap_hdr_csum: software checksum is needed * @csum_valid: checksum is already valid * @csum_not_inet: use CRC32c to resolve CHECKSUM_PARTIAL * @csum_complete_sw: checksum was completed by software * @csum_level: indicates the number of consecutive checksums found in * the packet minus one that have been verified as * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY (max 3) * @dst_pending_confirm: need to confirm neighbour * @decrypted: Decrypted SKB * @napi_id: id of the NAPI struct this skb came from * @sender_cpu: (aka @napi_id) source CPU in XPS * @secmark: security marking * @mark: Generic packet mark * @reserved_tailroom: (aka @mark) number of bytes of free space available * at the tail of an sk_buff * @vlan_present: VLAN tag is present * @vlan_proto: vlan encapsulation protocol * @vlan_tci: vlan tag control information * @inner_protocol: Protocol (encapsulation) * @inner_ipproto: (aka @inner_protocol) stores ipproto when * skb->inner_protocol_type == ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO; * @inner_transport_header: Inner transport layer header (encapsulation) * @inner_network_header: Network layer header (encapsulation) * @inner_mac_header: Link layer header (encapsulation) * @transport_header: Transport layer header * @network_header: Network layer header * @mac_header: Link layer header * @tail: Tail pointer * @end: End pointer * @head: Head of buffer * @data: Data head pointer * @truesize: Buffer size * @users: User count - see {datagram,tcp}.c * @extensions: allocated extensions, valid if active_extensions is nonzero */ struct sk_buff { union { struct { /* These two members must be first. */ struct sk_buff *next; struct sk_buff *prev; union { struct net_device *dev; /* Some protocols might use this space to store information, * while device pointer would be NULL. * UDP receive path is one user. */ unsigned long dev_scratch; }; }; struct rb_node rbnode; /* used in netem, ip4 defrag, and tcp stack */ struct list_head list; }; union { struct sock *sk; int ip_defrag_offset; }; union { ktime_t tstamp; u64 skb_mstamp_ns; /* earliest departure time */ }; /* * This is the control buffer. It is free to use for every * layer. Please put your private variables there. If you * want to keep them across layers you have to do a skb_clone() * first. This is owned by whoever has the skb queued ATM. */ char cb[48] __aligned(8); union { struct { unsigned long _skb_refdst; void (*destructor)(struct sk_buff *skb); }; struct list_head tcp_tsorted_anchor; }; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) unsigned long _nfct; #endif unsigned int len, data_len; __u16 mac_len, hdr_len; /* Following fields are _not_ copied in __copy_skb_header() * Note that queue_mapping is here mostly to fill a hole. */ __u16 queue_mapping; /* if you move cloned around you also must adapt those constants */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #define CLONED_MASK (1 << 7) #else #define CLONED_MASK 1 #endif #define CLONED_OFFSET() offsetof(struct sk_buff, __cloned_offset) /* private: */ __u8 __cloned_offset[0]; /* public: */ __u8 cloned:1, nohdr:1, fclone:2, peeked:1, head_frag:1, pfmemalloc:1; #ifdef CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS __u8 active_extensions; #endif /* fields enclosed in headers_start/headers_end are copied * using a single memcpy() in __copy_skb_header() */ /* private: */ __u32 headers_start[0]; /* public: */ /* if you move pkt_type around you also must adapt those constants */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #define PKT_TYPE_MAX (7 << 5) #else #define PKT_TYPE_MAX 7 #endif #define PKT_TYPE_OFFSET() offsetof(struct sk_buff, __pkt_type_offset) /* private: */ __u8 __pkt_type_offset[0]; /* public: */ __u8 pkt_type:3; __u8 ignore_df:1; __u8 nf_trace:1; __u8 ip_summed:2; __u8 ooo_okay:1; __u8 l4_hash:1; __u8 sw_hash:1; __u8 wifi_acked_valid:1; __u8 wifi_acked:1; __u8 no_fcs:1; /* Indicates the inner headers are valid in the skbuff. */ __u8 encapsulation:1; __u8 encap_hdr_csum:1; __u8 csum_valid:1; #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #define PKT_VLAN_PRESENT_BIT 7 #else #define PKT_VLAN_PRESENT_BIT 0 #endif #define PKT_VLAN_PRESENT_OFFSET() offsetof(struct sk_buff, __pkt_vlan_present_offset) /* private: */ __u8 __pkt_vlan_present_offset[0]; /* public: */ __u8 vlan_present:1; __u8 csum_complete_sw:1; __u8 csum_level:2; __u8 csum_not_inet:1; __u8 dst_pending_confirm:1; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_NDISC_NODETYPE __u8 ndisc_nodetype:2; #endif __u8 ipvs_property:1; __u8 inner_protocol_type:1; __u8 remcsum_offload:1; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SWITCHDEV __u8 offload_fwd_mark:1; __u8 offload_l3_fwd_mark:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT __u8 tc_skip_classify:1; __u8 tc_at_ingress:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT __u8 redirected:1; __u8 from_ingress:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TLS_DEVICE __u8 decrypted:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SCHED __u16 tc_index; /* traffic control index */ #endif union { __wsum csum; struct { __u16 csum_start; __u16 csum_offset; }; }; __u32 priority; int skb_iif; __u32 hash; __be16 vlan_proto; __u16 vlan_tci; #if defined(CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL) || defined(CONFIG_XPS) union { unsigned int napi_id; unsigned int sender_cpu; }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NETWORK_SECMARK __u32 secmark; #endif union { __u32 mark; __u32 reserved_tailroom; }; union { __be16 inner_protocol; __u8 inner_ipproto; }; __u16 inner_transport_header; __u16 inner_network_header; __u16 inner_mac_header; __be16 protocol; __u16 transport_header; __u16 network_header; __u16 mac_header; /* private: */ __u32 headers_end[0]; /* public: */ /* These elements must be at the end, see alloc_skb() for details. */ sk_buff_data_t tail; sk_buff_data_t end; unsigned char *head, *data; unsigned int truesize; refcount_t users; #ifdef CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS /* only useable after checking ->active_extensions != 0 */ struct skb_ext *extensions; #endif }; #ifdef __KERNEL__ /* * Handling routines are only of interest to the kernel */ #define SKB_ALLOC_FCLONE 0x01 #define SKB_ALLOC_RX 0x02 #define SKB_ALLOC_NAPI 0x04 /** * skb_pfmemalloc - Test if the skb was allocated from PFMEMALLOC reserves * @skb: buffer */ static inline bool skb_pfmemalloc(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return unlikely(skb->pfmemalloc); } /* * skb might have a dst pointer attached, refcounted or not. * _skb_refdst low order bit is set if refcount was _not_ taken */ #define SKB_DST_NOREF 1UL #define SKB_DST_PTRMASK ~(SKB_DST_NOREF) /** * skb_dst - returns skb dst_entry * @skb: buffer * * Returns skb dst_entry, regardless of reference taken or not. */ static inline struct dst_entry *skb_dst(const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* If refdst was not refcounted, check we still are in a * rcu_read_lock section */ WARN_ON((skb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF) && !rcu_read_lock_held() && !rcu_read_lock_bh_held()); return (struct dst_entry *)(skb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_PTRMASK); } /** * skb_dst_set - sets skb dst * @skb: buffer * @dst: dst entry * * Sets skb dst, assuming a reference was taken on dst and should * be released by skb_dst_drop() */ static inline void skb_dst_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct dst_entry *dst) { skb->_skb_refdst = (unsigned long)dst; } /** * skb_dst_set_noref - sets skb dst, hopefully, without taking reference * @skb: buffer * @dst: dst entry * * Sets skb dst, assuming a reference was not taken on dst. * If dst entry is cached, we do not take reference and dst_release * will be avoided by refdst_drop. If dst entry is not cached, we take * reference, so that last dst_release can destroy the dst immediately. */ static inline void skb_dst_set_noref(struct sk_buff *skb, struct dst_entry *dst) { WARN_ON(!rcu_read_lock_held() && !rcu_read_lock_bh_held()); skb->_skb_refdst = (unsigned long)dst | SKB_DST_NOREF; } /** * skb_dst_is_noref - Test if skb dst isn't refcounted * @skb: buffer */ static inline bool skb_dst_is_noref(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (skb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF) && skb_dst(skb); } /** * skb_rtable - Returns the skb &rtable * @skb: buffer */ static inline struct rtable *skb_rtable(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct rtable *)skb_dst(skb); } /* For mangling skb->pkt_type from user space side from applications * such as nft, tc, etc, we only allow a conservative subset of * possible pkt_types to be set. */ static inline bool skb_pkt_type_ok(u32 ptype) { return ptype <= PACKET_OTHERHOST; } /** * skb_napi_id - Returns the skb's NAPI id * @skb: buffer */ static inline unsigned int skb_napi_id(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL return skb->napi_id; #else return 0; #endif } /** * skb_unref - decrement the skb's reference count * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if we can free the skb. */ static inline bool skb_unref(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (unlikely(!skb)) return false; if (likely(refcount_read(&skb->users) == 1)) smp_rmb(); else if (likely(!refcount_dec_and_test(&skb->users))) return false; return true; } void skb_release_head_state(struct sk_buff *skb); void kfree_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); void kfree_skb_list(struct sk_buff *segs); void skb_dump(const char *level, const struct sk_buff *skb, bool full_pkt); void skb_tx_error(struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS void consume_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); #else static inline void consume_skb(struct sk_buff *skb) { return kfree_skb(skb); } #endif void __consume_stateless_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); void __kfree_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); extern struct kmem_cache *skbuff_head_cache; void kfree_skb_partial(struct sk_buff *skb, bool head_stolen); bool skb_try_coalesce(struct sk_buff *to, struct sk_buff *from, bool *fragstolen, int *delta_truesize); struct sk_buff *__alloc_skb(unsigned int size, gfp_t priority, int flags, int node); struct sk_buff *__build_skb(void *data, unsigned int frag_size); struct sk_buff *build_skb(void *data, unsigned int frag_size); struct sk_buff *build_skb_around(struct sk_buff *skb, void *data, unsigned int frag_size); /** * alloc_skb - allocate a network buffer * @size: size to allocate * @priority: allocation mask * * This function is a convenient wrapper around __alloc_skb(). */ static inline struct sk_buff *alloc_skb(unsigned int size, gfp_t priority) { return __alloc_skb(size, priority, 0, NUMA_NO_NODE); } struct sk_buff *alloc_skb_with_frags(unsigned long header_len, unsigned long data_len, int max_page_order, int *errcode, gfp_t gfp_mask); struct sk_buff *alloc_skb_for_msg(struct sk_buff *first); /* Layout of fast clones : [skb1][skb2][fclone_ref] */ struct sk_buff_fclones { struct sk_buff skb1; struct sk_buff skb2; refcount_t fclone_ref; }; /** * skb_fclone_busy - check if fclone is busy * @sk: socket * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if skb is a fast clone, and its clone is not freed. * Some drivers call skb_orphan() in their ndo_start_xmit(), * so we also check that this didnt happen. */ static inline bool skb_fclone_busy(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct sk_buff_fclones *fclones; fclones = container_of(skb, struct sk_buff_fclones, skb1); return skb->fclone == SKB_FCLONE_ORIG && refcount_read(&fclones->fclone_ref) > 1 && fclones->skb2.sk == sk; } /** * alloc_skb_fclone - allocate a network buffer from fclone cache * @size: size to allocate * @priority: allocation mask * * This function is a convenient wrapper around __alloc_skb(). */ static inline struct sk_buff *alloc_skb_fclone(unsigned int size, gfp_t priority) { return __alloc_skb(size, priority, SKB_ALLOC_FCLONE, NUMA_NO_NODE); } struct sk_buff *skb_morph(struct sk_buff *dst, struct sk_buff *src); void skb_headers_offset_update(struct sk_buff *skb, int off); int skb_copy_ubufs(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask); struct sk_buff *skb_clone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t priority); void skb_copy_header(struct sk_buff *new, const struct sk_buff *old); struct sk_buff *skb_copy(const struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t priority); struct sk_buff *__pskb_copy_fclone(struct sk_buff *skb, int headroom, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool fclone); static inline struct sk_buff *__pskb_copy(struct sk_buff *skb, int headroom, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __pskb_copy_fclone(skb, headroom, gfp_mask, false); } int pskb_expand_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhead, int ntail, gfp_t gfp_mask); struct sk_buff *skb_realloc_headroom(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom); struct sk_buff *skb_copy_expand(const struct sk_buff *skb, int newheadroom, int newtailroom, gfp_t priority); int __must_check skb_to_sgvec_nomark(struct sk_buff *skb, struct scatterlist *sg, int offset, int len); int __must_check skb_to_sgvec(struct sk_buff *skb, struct scatterlist *sg, int offset, int len); int skb_cow_data(struct sk_buff *skb, int tailbits, struct sk_buff **trailer); int __skb_pad(struct sk_buff *skb, int pad, bool free_on_error); /** * skb_pad - zero pad the tail of an skb * @skb: buffer to pad * @pad: space to pad * * Ensure that a buffer is followed by a padding area that is zero * filled. Used by network drivers which may DMA or transfer data * beyond the buffer end onto the wire. * * May return error in out of memory cases. The skb is freed on error. */ static inline int skb_pad(struct sk_buff *skb, int pad) { return __skb_pad(skb, pad, true); } #define dev_kfree_skb(a) consume_skb(a) int skb_append_pagefrags(struct sk_buff *skb, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size); struct skb_seq_state { __u32 lower_offset; __u32 upper_offset; __u32 frag_idx; __u32 stepped_offset; struct sk_buff *root_skb; struct sk_buff *cur_skb; __u8 *frag_data; }; void skb_prepare_seq_read(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int from, unsigned int to, struct skb_seq_state *st); unsigned int skb_seq_read(unsigned int consumed, const u8 **data, struct skb_seq_state *st); void skb_abort_seq_read(struct skb_seq_state *st); unsigned int skb_find_text(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int from, unsigned int to, struct ts_config *config); /* * Packet hash types specify the type of hash in skb_set_hash. * * Hash types refer to the protocol layer addresses which are used to * construct a packet's hash. The hashes are used to differentiate or identify * flows of the protocol layer for the hash type. Hash types are either * layer-2 (L2), layer-3 (L3), or layer-4 (L4). * * Properties of hashes: * * 1) Two packets in different flows have different hash values * 2) Two packets in the same flow should have the same hash value * * A hash at a higher layer is considered to be more specific. A driver should * set the most specific hash possible. * * A driver cannot indicate a more specific hash than the layer at which a hash * was computed. For instance an L3 hash cannot be set as an L4 hash. * * A driver may indicate a hash level which is less specific than the * actual layer the hash was computed on. For instance, a hash computed * at L4 may be considered an L3 hash. This should only be done if the * driver can't unambiguously determine that the HW computed the hash at * the higher layer. Note that the "should" in the second property above * permits this. */ enum pkt_hash_types { PKT_HASH_TYPE_NONE, /* Undefined type */ PKT_HASH_TYPE_L2, /* Input: src_MAC, dest_MAC */ PKT_HASH_TYPE_L3, /* Input: src_IP, dst_IP */ PKT_HASH_TYPE_L4, /* Input: src_IP, dst_IP, src_port, dst_port */ }; static inline void skb_clear_hash(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->hash = 0; skb->sw_hash = 0; skb->l4_hash = 0; } static inline void skb_clear_hash_if_not_l4(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb->l4_hash) skb_clear_hash(skb); } static inline void __skb_set_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 hash, bool is_sw, bool is_l4) { skb->l4_hash = is_l4; skb->sw_hash = is_sw; skb->hash = hash; } static inline void skb_set_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 hash, enum pkt_hash_types type) { /* Used by drivers to set hash from HW */ __skb_set_hash(skb, hash, false, type == PKT_HASH_TYPE_L4); } static inline void __skb_set_sw_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 hash, bool is_l4) { __skb_set_hash(skb, hash, true, is_l4); } void __skb_get_hash(struct sk_buff *skb); u32 __skb_get_hash_symmetric(const struct sk_buff *skb); u32 skb_get_poff(const struct sk_buff *skb); u32 __skb_get_poff(const struct sk_buff *skb, void *data, const struct flow_keys_basic *keys, int hlen); __be32 __skb_flow_get_ports(const struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff, u8 ip_proto, void *data, int hlen_proto); static inline __be32 skb_flow_get_ports(const struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff, u8 ip_proto) { return __skb_flow_get_ports(skb, thoff, ip_proto, NULL, 0); } void skb_flow_dissector_init(struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, const struct flow_dissector_key *key, unsigned int key_count); struct bpf_flow_dissector; bool bpf_flow_dissect(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_flow_dissector *ctx, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags); bool __skb_flow_dissect(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, void *data, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags); static inline bool skb_flow_dissect(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, unsigned int flags) { return __skb_flow_dissect(NULL, skb, flow_dissector, target_container, NULL, 0, 0, 0, flags); } static inline bool skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys *flow, unsigned int flags) { memset(flow, 0, sizeof(*flow)); return __skb_flow_dissect(NULL, skb, &flow_keys_dissector, flow, NULL, 0, 0, 0, flags); } static inline bool skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys_basic(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys_basic *flow, void *data, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags) { memset(flow, 0, sizeof(*flow)); return __skb_flow_dissect(net, skb, &flow_keys_basic_dissector, flow, data, proto, nhoff, hlen, flags); } void skb_flow_dissect_meta(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container); /* Gets a skb connection tracking info, ctinfo map should be a * map of mapsize to translate enum ip_conntrack_info states * to user states. */ void skb_flow_dissect_ct(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, u16 *ctinfo_map, size_t mapsize); void skb_flow_dissect_tunnel_info(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container); void skb_flow_dissect_hash(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container); static inline __u32 skb_get_hash(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb->l4_hash && !skb->sw_hash) __skb_get_hash(skb); return skb->hash; } static inline __u32 skb_get_hash_flowi6(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct flowi6 *fl6) { if (!skb->l4_hash && !skb->sw_hash) { struct flow_keys keys; __u32 hash = __get_hash_from_flowi6(fl6, &keys); __skb_set_sw_hash(skb, hash, flow_keys_have_l4(&keys)); } return skb->hash; } __u32 skb_get_hash_perturb(const struct sk_buff *skb, const siphash_key_t *perturb); static inline __u32 skb_get_hash_raw(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->hash; } static inline void skb_copy_hash(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { to->hash = from->hash; to->sw_hash = from->sw_hash; to->l4_hash = from->l4_hash; }; static inline void skb_copy_decrypted(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { #ifdef CONFIG_TLS_DEVICE to->decrypted = from->decrypted; #endif } #ifdef NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET static inline unsigned char *skb_end_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->end; } static inline unsigned int skb_end_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->end; } #else static inline unsigned char *skb_end_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->end; } static inline unsigned int skb_end_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->end - skb->head; } #endif /* Internal */ #define skb_shinfo(SKB) ((struct skb_shared_info *)(skb_end_pointer(SKB))) static inline struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *skb_hwtstamps(struct sk_buff *skb) { return &skb_shinfo(skb)->hwtstamps; } static inline struct ubuf_info *skb_zcopy(struct sk_buff *skb) { bool is_zcopy = skb && skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags & SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY; return is_zcopy ? skb_uarg(skb) : NULL; } static inline void skb_zcopy_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ubuf_info *uarg, bool *have_ref) { if (skb && uarg && !skb_zcopy(skb)) { if (unlikely(have_ref && *have_ref)) *have_ref = false; else sock_zerocopy_get(uarg); skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg = uarg; skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags |= SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } } static inline void skb_zcopy_set_nouarg(struct sk_buff *skb, void *val) { skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg = (void *)((uintptr_t) val | 0x1UL); skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags |= SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } static inline bool skb_zcopy_is_nouarg(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (uintptr_t) skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg & 0x1UL; } static inline void *skb_zcopy_get_nouarg(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (void *)((uintptr_t) skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg & ~0x1UL); } /* Release a reference on a zerocopy structure */ static inline void skb_zcopy_clear(struct sk_buff *skb, bool zerocopy) { struct ubuf_info *uarg = skb_zcopy(skb); if (uarg) { if (skb_zcopy_is_nouarg(skb)) { /* no notification callback */ } else if (uarg->callback == sock_zerocopy_callback) { uarg->zerocopy = uarg->zerocopy && zerocopy; sock_zerocopy_put(uarg); } else { uarg->callback(uarg, zerocopy); } skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags &= ~SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } } /* Abort a zerocopy operation and revert zckey on error in send syscall */ static inline void skb_zcopy_abort(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct ubuf_info *uarg = skb_zcopy(skb); if (uarg) { sock_zerocopy_put_abort(uarg, false); skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags &= ~SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } } static inline void skb_mark_not_on_list(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->next = NULL; } /* Iterate through singly-linked GSO fragments of an skb. */ #define skb_list_walk_safe(first, skb, next_skb) \ for ((skb) = (first), (next_skb) = (skb) ? (skb)->next : NULL; (skb); \ (skb) = (next_skb), (next_skb) = (skb) ? (skb)->next : NULL) static inline void skb_list_del_init(struct sk_buff *skb) { __list_del_entry(&skb->list); skb_mark_not_on_list(skb); } /** * skb_queue_empty - check if a queue is empty * @list: queue head * * Returns true if the queue is empty, false otherwise. */ static inline int skb_queue_empty(const struct sk_buff_head *list) { return list->next == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_empty_lockless - check if a queue is empty * @list: queue head * * Returns true if the queue is empty, false otherwise. * This variant can be used in lockless contexts. */ static inline bool skb_queue_empty_lockless(const struct sk_buff_head *list) { return READ_ONCE(list->next) == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_is_last - check if skb is the last entry in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if @skb is the last buffer on the list. */ static inline bool skb_queue_is_last(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->next == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_is_first - check if skb is the first entry in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if @skb is the first buffer on the list. */ static inline bool skb_queue_is_first(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->prev == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_next - return the next packet in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: current buffer * * Return the next packet in @list after @skb. It is only valid to * call this if skb_queue_is_last() evaluates to false. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_queue_next(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* This BUG_ON may seem severe, but if we just return then we * are going to dereference garbage. */ BUG_ON(skb_queue_is_last(list, skb)); return skb->next; } /** * skb_queue_prev - return the prev packet in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: current buffer * * Return the prev packet in @list before @skb. It is only valid to * call this if skb_queue_is_first() evaluates to false. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_queue_prev(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* This BUG_ON may seem severe, but if we just return then we * are going to dereference garbage. */ BUG_ON(skb_queue_is_first(list, skb)); return skb->prev; } /** * skb_get - reference buffer * @skb: buffer to reference * * Makes another reference to a socket buffer and returns a pointer * to the buffer. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_get(struct sk_buff *skb) { refcount_inc(&skb->users); return skb; } /* * If users == 1, we are the only owner and can avoid redundant atomic changes. */ /** * skb_cloned - is the buffer a clone * @skb: buffer to check * * Returns true if the buffer was generated with skb_clone() and is * one of multiple shared copies of the buffer. Cloned buffers are * shared data so must not be written to under normal circumstances. */ static inline int skb_cloned(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->cloned && (atomic_read(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref) & SKB_DATAREF_MASK) != 1; } static inline int skb_unclone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_cloned(skb)) return pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, pri); return 0; } /** * skb_header_cloned - is the header a clone * @skb: buffer to check * * Returns true if modifying the header part of the buffer requires * the data to be copied. */ static inline int skb_header_cloned(const struct sk_buff *skb) { int dataref; if (!skb->cloned) return 0; dataref = atomic_read(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref); dataref = (dataref & SKB_DATAREF_MASK) - (dataref >> SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT); return dataref != 1; } static inline int skb_header_unclone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_header_cloned(skb)) return pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, pri); return 0; } /** * __skb_header_release - release reference to header * @skb: buffer to operate on */ static inline void __skb_header_release(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->nohdr = 1; atomic_set(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref, 1 + (1 << SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT)); } /** * skb_shared - is the buffer shared * @skb: buffer to check * * Returns true if more than one person has a reference to this * buffer. */ static inline int skb_shared(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return refcount_read(&skb->users) != 1; } /** * skb_share_check - check if buffer is shared and if so clone it * @skb: buffer to check * @pri: priority for memory allocation * * If the buffer is shared the buffer is cloned and the old copy * drops a reference. A new clone with a single reference is returned. * If the buffer is not shared the original buffer is returned. When * being called from interrupt status or with spinlocks held pri must * be GFP_ATOMIC. * * NULL is returned on a memory allocation failure. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_share_check(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_shared(skb)) { struct sk_buff *nskb = skb_clone(skb, pri); if (likely(nskb)) consume_skb(skb); else kfree_skb(skb); skb = nskb; } return skb; } /* * Copy shared buffers into a new sk_buff. We effectively do COW on * packets to handle cases where we have a local reader and forward * and a couple of other messy ones. The normal one is tcpdumping * a packet thats being forwarded. */ /** * skb_unshare - make a copy of a shared buffer * @skb: buffer to check * @pri: priority for memory allocation * * If the socket buffer is a clone then this function creates a new * copy of the data, drops a reference count on the old copy and returns * the new copy with the reference count at 1. If the buffer is not a clone * the original buffer is returned. When called with a spinlock held or * from interrupt state @pri must be %GFP_ATOMIC * * %NULL is returned on a memory allocation failure. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_unshare(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_cloned(skb)) { struct sk_buff *nskb = skb_copy(skb, pri); /* Free our shared copy */ if (likely(nskb)) consume_skb(skb); else kfree_skb(skb); skb = nskb; } return skb; } /** * skb_peek - peek at the head of an &sk_buff_head * @list_: list to peek at * * Peek an &sk_buff. Unlike most other operations you _MUST_ * be careful with this one. A peek leaves the buffer on the * list and someone else may run off with it. You must hold * the appropriate locks or have a private queue to do this. * * Returns %NULL for an empty list or a pointer to the head element. * The reference count is not incremented and the reference is therefore * volatile. Use with caution. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_peek(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { struct sk_buff *skb = list_->next; if (skb == (struct sk_buff *)list_) skb = NULL; return skb; } /** * __skb_peek - peek at the head of a non-empty &sk_buff_head * @list_: list to peek at * * Like skb_peek(), but the caller knows that the list is not empty. */ static inline struct sk_buff *__skb_peek(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { return list_->next; } /** * skb_peek_next - peek skb following the given one from a queue * @skb: skb to start from * @list_: list to peek at * * Returns %NULL when the end of the list is met or a pointer to the * next element. The reference count is not incremented and the * reference is therefore volatile. Use with caution. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_peek_next(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { struct sk_buff *next = skb->next; if (next == (struct sk_buff *)list_) next = NULL; return next; } /** * skb_peek_tail - peek at the tail of an &sk_buff_head * @list_: list to peek at * * Peek an &sk_buff. Unlike most other operations you _MUST_ * be careful with this one. A peek leaves the buffer on the * list and someone else may run off with it. You must hold * the appropriate locks or have a private queue to do this. * * Returns %NULL for an empty list or a pointer to the tail element. * The reference count is not incremented and the reference is therefore * volatile. Use with caution. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_peek_tail(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { struct sk_buff *skb = READ_ONCE(list_->prev); if (skb == (struct sk_buff *)list_) skb = NULL; return skb; } /** * skb_queue_len - get queue length * @list_: list to measure * * Return the length of an &sk_buff queue. */ static inline __u32 skb_queue_len(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { return list_->qlen; } /** * skb_queue_len_lockless - get queue length * @list_: list to measure * * Return the length of an &sk_buff queue. * This variant can be used in lockless contexts. */ static inline __u32 skb_queue_len_lockless(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { return READ_ONCE(list_->qlen); } /** * __skb_queue_head_init - initialize non-spinlock portions of sk_buff_head * @list: queue to initialize * * This initializes only the list and queue length aspects of * an sk_buff_head object. This allows to initialize the list * aspects of an sk_buff_head without reinitializing things like * the spinlock. It can also be used for on-stack sk_buff_head * objects where the spinlock is known to not be used. */ static inline void __skb_queue_head_init(struct sk_buff_head *list) { list->prev = list->next = (struct sk_buff *)list; list->qlen = 0; } /* * This function creates a split out lock class for each invocation; * this is needed for now since a whole lot of users of the skb-queue * infrastructure in drivers have different locking usage (in hardirq) * than the networking core (in softirq only). In the long run either the * network layer or drivers should need annotation to consolidate the * main types of usage into 3 classes. */ static inline void skb_queue_head_init(struct sk_buff_head *list) { spin_lock_init(&list->lock); __skb_queue_head_init(list); } static inline void skb_queue_head_init_class(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct lock_class_key *class) { skb_queue_head_init(list); lockdep_set_class(&list->lock, class); } /* * Insert an sk_buff on a list. * * The "__skb_xxxx()" functions are the non-atomic ones that * can only be called with interrupts disabled. */ static inline void __skb_insert(struct sk_buff *newsk, struct sk_buff *prev, struct sk_buff *next, struct sk_buff_head *list) { /* See skb_queue_empty_lockless() and skb_peek_tail() * for the opposite READ_ONCE() */ WRITE_ONCE(newsk->next, next); WRITE_ONCE(newsk->prev, prev); WRITE_ONCE(next->prev, newsk); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, newsk); WRITE_ONCE(list->qlen, list->qlen + 1); } static inline void __skb_queue_splice(const struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *prev, struct sk_buff *next) { struct sk_buff *first = list->next; struct sk_buff *last = list->prev; WRITE_ONCE(first->prev, prev); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, first); WRITE_ONCE(last->next, next); WRITE_ONCE(next->prev, last); } /** * skb_queue_splice - join two skb lists, this is designed for stacks * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list */ static inline void skb_queue_splice(const struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, (struct sk_buff *) head, head->next); head->qlen += list->qlen; } } /** * skb_queue_splice_init - join two skb lists and reinitialise the emptied list * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list * * The list at @list is reinitialised */ static inline void skb_queue_splice_init(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, (struct sk_buff *) head, head->next); head->qlen += list->qlen; __skb_queue_head_init(list); } } /** * skb_queue_splice_tail - join two skb lists, each list being a queue * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list */ static inline void skb_queue_splice_tail(const struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, head->prev, (struct sk_buff *) head); head->qlen += list->qlen; } } /** * skb_queue_splice_tail_init - join two skb lists and reinitialise the emptied list * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list * * Each of the lists is a queue. * The list at @list is reinitialised */ static inline void skb_queue_splice_tail_init(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, head->prev, (struct sk_buff *) head); head->qlen += list->qlen; __skb_queue_head_init(list); } } /** * __skb_queue_after - queue a buffer at the list head * @list: list to use * @prev: place after this buffer * @newsk: buffer to queue * * Queue a buffer int the middle of a list. This function takes no locks * and you must therefore hold required locks before calling it. * * A buffer cannot be placed on two lists at the same time. */ static inline void __skb_queue_after(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *prev, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_insert(newsk, prev, prev->next, list); } void skb_append(struct sk_buff *old, struct sk_buff *newsk, struct sk_buff_head *list); static inline void __skb_queue_before(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *next, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_insert(newsk, next->prev, next, list); } /** * __skb_queue_head - queue a buffer at the list head * @list: list to use * @newsk: buffer to queue * * Queue a buffer at the start of a list. This function takes no locks * and you must therefore hold required locks before calling it. * * A buffer cannot be placed on two lists at the same time. */ static inline void __skb_queue_head(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_queue_after(list, (struct sk_buff *)list, newsk); } void skb_queue_head(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk); /** * __skb_queue_tail - queue a buffer at the list tail * @list: list to use * @newsk: buffer to queue * * Queue a buffer at the end of a list. This function takes no locks * and you must therefore hold required locks before calling it. * * A buffer cannot be placed on two lists at the same time. */ static inline void __skb_queue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_queue_before(list, (struct sk_buff *)list, newsk); } void skb_queue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk); /* * remove sk_buff from list. _Must_ be called atomically, and with * the list known.. */ void skb_unlink(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff_head *list); static inline void __skb_unlink(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *next, *prev; WRITE_ONCE(list->qlen, list->qlen - 1); next = skb->next; prev = skb->prev; skb->next = skb->prev = NULL; WRITE_ONCE(next->prev, prev); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, next); } /** * __skb_dequeue - remove from the head of the queue * @list: list to dequeue from * * Remove the head of the list. This function does not take any locks * so must be used with appropriate locks held only. The head item is * returned or %NULL if the list is empty. */ static inline struct sk_buff *__skb_dequeue(struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek(list); if (skb) __skb_unlink(skb, list); return skb; } struct sk_buff *skb_dequeue(struct sk_buff_head *list); /** * __skb_dequeue_tail - remove from the tail of the queue * @list: list to dequeue from * * Remove the tail of the list. This function does not take any locks * so must be used with appropriate locks held only. The tail item is * returned or %NULL if the list is empty. */ static inline struct sk_buff *__skb_dequeue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek_tail(list); if (skb) __skb_unlink(skb, list); return skb; } struct sk_buff *skb_dequeue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list); static inline bool skb_is_nonlinear(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->data_len; } static inline unsigned int skb_headlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->len - skb->data_len; } static inline unsigned int __skb_pagelen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { unsigned int i, len = 0; for (i = skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags - 1; (int)i >= 0; i--) len += skb_frag_size(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i]); return len; } static inline unsigned int skb_pagelen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_headlen(skb) + __skb_pagelen(skb); } /** * __skb_fill_page_desc - initialise a paged fragment in an skb * @skb: buffer containing fragment to be initialised * @i: paged fragment index to initialise * @page: the page to use for this fragment * @off: the offset to the data with @page * @size: the length of the data * * Initialises the @i'th fragment of @skb to point to &size bytes at * offset @off within @page. * * Does not take any additional reference on the fragment. */ static inline void __skb_fill_page_desc(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, struct page *page, int off, int size) { skb_frag_t *frag = &skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i]; /* * Propagate page pfmemalloc to the skb if we can. The problem is * that not all callers have unique ownership of the page but rely * on page_is_pfmemalloc doing the right thing(tm). */ frag->bv_page = page; frag->bv_offset = off; skb_frag_size_set(frag, size); page = compound_head(page); if (page_is_pfmemalloc(page)) skb->pfmemalloc = true; } /** * skb_fill_page_desc - initialise a paged fragment in an skb * @skb: buffer containing fragment to be initialised * @i: paged fragment index to initialise * @page: the page to use for this fragment * @off: the offset to the data with @page * @size: the length of the data * * As per __skb_fill_page_desc() -- initialises the @i'th fragment of * @skb to point to @size bytes at offset @off within @page. In * addition updates @skb such that @i is the last fragment. * * Does not take any additional reference on the fragment. */ static inline void skb_fill_page_desc(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, struct page *page, int off, int size) { __skb_fill_page_desc(skb, i, page, off, size); skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags = i + 1; } void skb_add_rx_frag(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, struct page *page, int off, int size, unsigned int truesize); void skb_coalesce_rx_frag(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, int size, unsigned int truesize); #define SKB_LINEAR_ASSERT(skb) BUG_ON(skb_is_nonlinear(skb)) #ifdef NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET static inline unsigned char *skb_tail_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->tail; } static inline void skb_reset_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->tail = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_tail_pointer(skb); skb->tail += offset; } #else /* NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET */ static inline unsigned char *skb_tail_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->tail; } static inline void skb_reset_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->tail = skb->data; } static inline void skb_set_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb->tail = skb->data + offset; } #endif /* NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET */ /* * Add data to an sk_buff */ void *pskb_put(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff *tail, int len); void *skb_put(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void *__skb_put(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = skb_tail_pointer(skb); SKB_LINEAR_ASSERT(skb); skb->tail += len; skb->len += len; return tmp; } static inline void *__skb_put_zero(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = __skb_put(skb, len); memset(tmp, 0, len); return tmp; } static inline void *__skb_put_data(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *data, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = __skb_put(skb, len); memcpy(tmp, data, len); return tmp; } static inline void __skb_put_u8(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 val) { *(u8 *)__skb_put(skb, 1) = val; } static inline void *skb_put_zero(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = skb_put(skb, len); memset(tmp, 0, len); return tmp; } static inline void *skb_put_data(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *data, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = skb_put(skb, len); memcpy(tmp, data, len); return tmp; } static inline void skb_put_u8(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 val) { *(u8 *)skb_put(skb, 1) = val; } void *skb_push(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void *__skb_push(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { skb->data -= len; skb->len += len; return skb->data; } void *skb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void *__skb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { skb->len -= len; BUG_ON(skb->len < skb->data_len); return skb->data += len; } static inline void *skb_pull_inline(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return unlikely(len > skb->len) ? NULL : __skb_pull(skb, len); } void *__pskb_pull_tail(struct sk_buff *skb, int delta); static inline void *__pskb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (len > skb_headlen(skb) && !__pskb_pull_tail(skb, len - skb_headlen(skb))) return NULL; skb->len -= len; return skb->data += len; } static inline void *pskb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return unlikely(len > skb->len) ? NULL : __pskb_pull(skb, len); } static inline bool pskb_may_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (likely(len <= skb_headlen(skb))) return true; if (unlikely(len > skb->len)) return false; return __pskb_pull_tail(skb, len - skb_headlen(skb)) != NULL; } void skb_condense(struct sk_buff *skb); /** * skb_headroom - bytes at buffer head * @skb: buffer to check * * Return the number of bytes of free space at the head of an &sk_buff. */ static inline unsigned int skb_headroom(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->data - skb->head; } /** * skb_tailroom - bytes at buffer end * @skb: buffer to check * * Return the number of bytes of free space at the tail of an sk_buff */ static inline int skb_tailroom(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) ? 0 : skb->end - skb->tail; } /** * skb_availroom - bytes at buffer end * @skb: buffer to check * * Return the number of bytes of free space at the tail of an sk_buff * allocated by sk_stream_alloc() */ static inline int skb_availroom(const struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_is_nonlinear(skb)) return 0; return skb->end - skb->tail - skb->reserved_tailroom; } /** * skb_reserve - adjust headroom * @skb: buffer to alter * @len: bytes to move * * Increase the headroom of an empty &sk_buff by reducing the tail * room. This is only allowed for an empty buffer. */ static inline void skb_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, int len) { skb->data += len; skb->tail += len; } /** * skb_tailroom_reserve - adjust reserved_tailroom * @skb: buffer to alter * @mtu: maximum amount of headlen permitted * @needed_tailroom: minimum amount of reserved_tailroom * * Set reserved_tailroom so that headlen can be as large as possible but * not larger than mtu and tailroom cannot be smaller than * needed_tailroom. * The required headroom should already have been reserved before using * this function. */ static inline void skb_tailroom_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int mtu, unsigned int needed_tailroom) { SKB_LINEAR_ASSERT(skb); if (mtu < skb_tailroom(skb) - needed_tailroom) /* use at most mtu */ skb->reserved_tailroom = skb_tailroom(skb) - mtu; else /* use up to all available space */ skb->reserved_tailroom = needed_tailroom; } #define ENCAP_TYPE_ETHER 0 #define ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO 1 static inline void skb_set_inner_protocol(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 protocol) { skb->inner_protocol = protocol; skb->inner_protocol_type = ENCAP_TYPE_ETHER; } static inline void skb_set_inner_ipproto(struct sk_buff *skb, __u8 ipproto) { skb->inner_ipproto = ipproto; skb->inner_protocol_type = ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_headers(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_mac_header = skb->mac_header; skb->inner_network_header = skb->network_header; skb->inner_transport_header = skb->transport_header; } static inline void skb_reset_mac_len(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_len = skb->network_header - skb->mac_header; } static inline unsigned char *skb_inner_transport_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->inner_transport_header; } static inline int skb_inner_transport_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_inner_transport_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_transport_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_inner_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_inner_transport_header(skb); skb->inner_transport_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_inner_network_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->inner_network_header; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_network_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_inner_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_inner_network_header(skb); skb->inner_network_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_inner_mac_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->inner_mac_header; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_mac_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_inner_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_inner_mac_header(skb); skb->inner_mac_header += offset; } static inline bool skb_transport_header_was_set(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->transport_header != (typeof(skb->transport_header))~0U; } static inline unsigned char *skb_transport_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->transport_header; } static inline void skb_reset_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->transport_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_transport_header(skb); skb->transport_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_network_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->network_header; } static inline void skb_reset_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->network_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_network_header(skb); skb->network_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_mac_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->mac_header; } static inline int skb_mac_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_mac_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline u32 skb_mac_header_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->network_header - skb->mac_header; } static inline int skb_mac_header_was_set(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->mac_header != (typeof(skb->mac_header))~0U; } static inline void skb_unset_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_header = (typeof(skb->mac_header))~0U; } static inline void skb_reset_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_mac_header(skb); skb->mac_header += offset; } static inline void skb_pop_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_header = skb->network_header; } static inline void skb_probe_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct flow_keys_basic keys; if (skb_transport_header_was_set(skb)) return; if (skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys_basic(NULL, skb, &keys, NULL, 0, 0, 0, 0)) skb_set_transport_header(skb, keys.control.thoff); } static inline void skb_mac_header_rebuild(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_mac_header_was_set(skb)) { const unsigned char *old_mac = skb_mac_header(skb); skb_set_mac_header(skb, -skb->mac_len); memmove(skb_mac_header(skb), old_mac, skb->mac_len); } } static inline int skb_checksum_start_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->csum_start - skb_headroom(skb); } static inline unsigned char *skb_checksum_start(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->csum_start; } static inline int skb_transport_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_transport_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline u32 skb_network_header_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->transport_header - skb->network_header; } static inline u32 skb_inner_network_header_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->inner_transport_header - skb->inner_network_header; } static inline int skb_network_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_network_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline int skb_inner_network_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_inner_network_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline int pskb_network_may_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return pskb_may_pull(skb, skb_network_offset(skb) + len); } /* * CPUs often take a performance hit when accessing unaligned memory * locations. The actual performance hit varies, it can be small if the * hardware handles it or large if we have to take an exception and fix it * in software. * * Since an ethernet header is 14 bytes network drivers often end up with * the IP header at an unaligned offset. The IP header can be aligned by * shifting the start of the packet by 2 bytes. Drivers should do this * with: * * skb_reserve(skb, NET_IP_ALIGN); * * The downside to this alignment of the IP header is that the DMA is now * unaligned. On some architectures the cost of an unaligned DMA is high * and this cost outweighs the gains made by aligning the IP header. * * Since this trade off varies between architectures, we allow NET_IP_ALIGN * to be overridden. */ #ifndef NET_IP_ALIGN #define NET_IP_ALIGN 2 #endif /* * The networking layer reserves some headroom in skb data (via * dev_alloc_skb). This is used to avoid having to reallocate skb data when * the header has to grow. In the default case, if the header has to grow * 32 bytes or less we avoid the reallocation. * * Unfortunately this headroom changes the DMA alignment of the resulting * network packet. As for NET_IP_ALIGN, this unaligned DMA is expensive * on some architectures. An architecture can override this value, * perhaps setting it to a cacheline in size (since that will maintain * cacheline alignment of the DMA). It must be a power of 2. * * Various parts of the networking layer expect at least 32 bytes of * headroom, you should not reduce this. * * Using max(32, L1_CACHE_BYTES) makes sense (especially with RPS) * to reduce average number of cache lines per packet. * get_rps_cpu() for example only access one 64 bytes aligned block : * NET_IP_ALIGN(2) + ethernet_header(14) + IP_header(20/40) + ports(8) */ #ifndef NET_SKB_PAD #define NET_SKB_PAD max(32, L1_CACHE_BYTES) #endif int ___pskb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void __skb_set_length(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (WARN_ON(skb_is_nonlinear(skb))) return; skb->len = len; skb_set_tail_pointer(skb, len); } static inline void __skb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { __skb_set_length(skb, len); } void skb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline int __pskb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb->data_len) return ___pskb_trim(skb, len); __skb_trim(skb, len); return 0; } static inline int pskb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return (len < skb->len) ? __pskb_trim(skb, len) : 0; } /** * pskb_trim_unique - remove end from a paged unique (not cloned) buffer * @skb: buffer to alter * @len: new length * * This is identical to pskb_trim except that the caller knows that * the skb is not cloned so we should never get an error due to out- * of-memory. */ static inline void pskb_trim_unique(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { int err = pskb_trim(skb, len); BUG_ON(err); } static inline int __skb_grow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { unsigned int diff = len - skb->len; if (skb_tailroom(skb) < diff) { int ret = pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, diff - skb_tailroom(skb), GFP_ATOMIC); if (ret) return ret; } __skb_set_length(skb, len); return 0; } /** * skb_orphan - orphan a buffer * @skb: buffer to orphan * * If a buffer currently has an owner then we call the owner's * destructor function and make the @skb unowned. The buffer continues * to exist but is no longer charged to its former owner. */ static inline void skb_orphan(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->destructor) { skb->destructor(skb); skb->destructor = NULL; skb->sk = NULL; } else { BUG_ON(skb->sk); } } /** * skb_orphan_frags - orphan the frags contained in a buffer * @skb: buffer to orphan frags from * @gfp_mask: allocation mask for replacement pages * * For each frag in the SKB which needs a destructor (i.e. has an * owner) create a copy of that frag and release the original * page by calling the destructor. */ static inline int skb_orphan_frags(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (likely(!skb_zcopy(skb))) return 0; if (!skb_zcopy_is_nouarg(skb) && skb_uarg(skb)->callback == sock_zerocopy_callback) return 0; return skb_copy_ubufs(skb, gfp_mask); } /* Frags must be orphaned, even if refcounted, if skb might loop to rx path */ static inline int skb_orphan_frags_rx(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (likely(!skb_zcopy(skb))) return 0; return skb_copy_ubufs(skb, gfp_mask); } /** * __skb_queue_purge - empty a list * @list: list to empty * * Delete all buffers on an &sk_buff list. Each buffer is removed from * the list and one reference dropped. This function does not take the * list lock and the caller must hold the relevant locks to use it. */ static inline void __skb_queue_purge(struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *skb; while ((skb = __skb_dequeue(list)) != NULL) kfree_skb(skb); } void skb_queue_purge(struct sk_buff_head *list); unsigned int skb_rbtree_purge(struct rb_root *root); void *netdev_alloc_frag(unsigned int fragsz); struct sk_buff *__netdev_alloc_skb(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp_mask); /** * netdev_alloc_skb - allocate an skbuff for rx on a specific device * @dev: network device to receive on * @length: length to allocate * * Allocate a new &sk_buff and assign it a usage count of one. The * buffer has unspecified headroom built in. Users should allocate * the headroom they think they need without accounting for the * built in space. The built in space is used for optimisations. * * %NULL is returned if there is no free memory. Although this function * allocates memory it can be called from an interrupt. */ static inline struct sk_buff *netdev_alloc_skb(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length) { return __netdev_alloc_skb(dev, length, GFP_ATOMIC); } /* legacy helper around __netdev_alloc_skb() */ static inline struct sk_buff *__dev_alloc_skb(unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __netdev_alloc_skb(NULL, length, gfp_mask); } /* legacy helper around netdev_alloc_skb() */ static inline struct sk_buff *dev_alloc_skb(unsigned int length) { return netdev_alloc_skb(NULL, length); } static inline struct sk_buff *__netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp) { struct sk_buff *skb = __netdev_alloc_skb(dev, length + NET_IP_ALIGN, gfp); if (NET_IP_ALIGN && skb) skb_reserve(skb, NET_IP_ALIGN); return skb; } static inline struct sk_buff *netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length) { return __netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(dev, length, GFP_ATOMIC); } static inline void skb_free_frag(void *addr) { page_frag_free(addr); } void *napi_alloc_frag(unsigned int fragsz); struct sk_buff *__napi_alloc_skb(struct napi_struct *napi, unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp_mask); static inline struct sk_buff *napi_alloc_skb(struct napi_struct *napi, unsigned int length) { return __napi_alloc_skb(napi, length, GFP_ATOMIC); } void napi_consume_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int budget); void __kfree_skb_flush(void); void __kfree_skb_defer(struct sk_buff *skb); /** * __dev_alloc_pages - allocate page for network Rx * @gfp_mask: allocation priority. Set __GFP_NOMEMALLOC if not for network Rx * @order: size of the allocation * * Allocate a new page. * * %NULL is returned if there is no free memory. */ static inline struct page *__dev_alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { /* This piece of code contains several assumptions. * 1. This is for device Rx, therefor a cold page is preferred. * 2. The expectation is the user wants a compound page. * 3. If requesting a order 0 page it will not be compound * due to the check to see if order has a value in prep_new_page * 4. __GFP_MEMALLOC is ignored if __GFP_NOMEMALLOC is set due to * code in gfp_to_alloc_flags that should be enforcing this. */ gfp_mask |= __GFP_COMP | __GFP_MEMALLOC; return alloc_pages_node(NUMA_NO_NODE, gfp_mask, order); } static inline struct page *dev_alloc_pages(unsigned int order) { return __dev_alloc_pages(GFP_ATOMIC | __GFP_NOWARN, order); } /** * __dev_alloc_page - allocate a page for network Rx * @gfp_mask: allocation priority. Set __GFP_NOMEMALLOC if not for network Rx * * Allocate a new page. * * %NULL is returned if there is no free memory. */ static inline struct page *__dev_alloc_page(gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __dev_alloc_pages(gfp_mask, 0); } static inline struct page *dev_alloc_page(void) { return dev_alloc_pages(0); } /** * skb_propagate_pfmemalloc - Propagate pfmemalloc if skb is allocated after RX page * @page: The page that was allocated from skb_alloc_page * @skb: The skb that may need pfmemalloc set */ static inline void skb_propagate_pfmemalloc(struct page *page, struct sk_buff *skb) { if (page_is_pfmemalloc(page)) skb->pfmemalloc = true; } /** * skb_frag_off() - Returns the offset of a skb fragment * @frag: the paged fragment */ static inline unsigned int skb_frag_off(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return frag->bv_offset; } /** * skb_frag_off_add() - Increments the offset of a skb fragment by @delta * @frag: skb fragment * @delta: value to add */ static inline void skb_frag_off_add(skb_frag_t *frag, int delta) { frag->bv_offset += delta; } /** * skb_frag_off_set() - Sets the offset of a skb fragment * @frag: skb fragment * @offset: offset of fragment */ static inline void skb_frag_off_set(skb_frag_t *frag, unsigned int offset) { frag->bv_offset = offset; } /** * skb_frag_off_copy() - Sets the offset of a skb fragment from another fragment * @fragto: skb fragment where offset is set * @fragfrom: skb fragment offset is copied from */ static inline void skb_frag_off_copy(skb_frag_t *fragto, const skb_frag_t *fragfrom) { fragto->bv_offset = fragfrom->bv_offset; } /** * skb_frag_page - retrieve the page referred to by a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment * * Returns the &struct page associated with @frag. */ static inline struct page *skb_frag_page(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return frag->bv_page; } /** * __skb_frag_ref - take an addition reference on a paged fragment. * @frag: the paged fragment * * Takes an additional reference on the paged fragment @frag. */ static inline void __skb_frag_ref(skb_frag_t *frag) { get_page(skb_frag_page(frag)); } /** * skb_frag_ref - take an addition reference on a paged fragment of an skb. * @skb: the buffer * @f: the fragment offset. * * Takes an additional reference on the @f'th paged fragment of @skb. */ static inline void skb_frag_ref(struct sk_buff *skb, int f) { __skb_frag_ref(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[f]); } /** * __skb_frag_unref - release a reference on a paged fragment. * @frag: the paged fragment * * Releases a reference on the paged fragment @frag. */ static inline void __skb_frag_unref(skb_frag_t *frag) { put_page(skb_frag_page(frag)); } /** * skb_frag_unref - release a reference on a paged fragment of an skb. * @skb: the buffer * @f: the fragment offset * * Releases a reference on the @f'th paged fragment of @skb. */ static inline void skb_frag_unref(struct sk_buff *skb, int f) { __skb_frag_unref(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[f]); } /** * skb_frag_address - gets the address of the data contained in a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment buffer * * Returns the address of the data within @frag. The page must already * be mapped. */ static inline void *skb_frag_address(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return page_address(skb_frag_page(frag)) + skb_frag_off(frag); } /** * skb_frag_address_safe - gets the address of the data contained in a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment buffer * * Returns the address of the data within @frag. Checks that the page * is mapped and returns %NULL otherwise. */ static inline void *skb_frag_address_safe(const skb_frag_t *frag) { void *ptr = page_address(skb_frag_page(frag)); if (unlikely(!ptr)) return NULL; return ptr + skb_frag_off(frag); } /** * skb_frag_page_copy() - sets the page in a fragment from another fragment * @fragto: skb fragment where page is set * @fragfrom: skb fragment page is copied from */ static inline void skb_frag_page_copy(skb_frag_t *fragto, const skb_frag_t *fragfrom) { fragto->bv_page = fragfrom->bv_page; } /** * __skb_frag_set_page - sets the page contained in a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment * @page: the page to set * * Sets the fragment @frag to contain @page. */ static inline void __skb_frag_set_page(skb_frag_t *frag, struct page *page) { frag->bv_page = page; } /** * skb_frag_set_page - sets the page contained in a paged fragment of an skb * @skb: the buffer * @f: the fragment offset * @page: the page to set * * Sets the @f'th fragment of @skb to contain @page. */ static inline void skb_frag_set_page(struct sk_buff *skb, int f, struct page *page) { __skb_frag_set_page(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[f], page); } bool skb_page_frag_refill(unsigned int sz, struct page_frag *pfrag, gfp_t prio); /** * skb_frag_dma_map - maps a paged fragment via the DMA API * @dev: the device to map the fragment to * @frag: the paged fragment to map * @offset: the offset within the fragment (starting at the * fragment's own offset) * @size: the number of bytes to map * @dir: the direction of the mapping (``PCI_DMA_*``) * * Maps the page associated with @frag to @device. */ static inline dma_addr_t skb_frag_dma_map(struct device *dev, const skb_frag_t *frag, size_t offset, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { return dma_map_page(dev, skb_frag_page(frag), skb_frag_off(frag) + offset, size, dir); } static inline struct sk_buff *pskb_copy(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __pskb_copy(skb, skb_headroom(skb), gfp_mask); } static inline struct sk_buff *pskb_copy_for_clone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __pskb_copy_fclone(skb, skb_headroom(skb), gfp_mask, true); } /** * skb_clone_writable - is the header of a clone writable * @skb: buffer to check * @len: length up to which to write * * Returns true if modifying the header part of the cloned buffer * does not requires the data to be copied. */ static inline int skb_clone_writable(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return !skb_header_cloned(skb) && skb_headroom(skb) + len <= skb->hdr_len; } static inline int skb_try_make_writable(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int write_len) { return skb_cloned(skb) && !skb_clone_writable(skb, write_len) && pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, GFP_ATOMIC); } static inline int __skb_cow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom, int cloned) { int delta = 0; if (headroom > skb_headroom(skb)) delta = headroom - skb_headroom(skb); if (delta || cloned) return pskb_expand_head(skb, ALIGN(delta, NET_SKB_PAD), 0, GFP_ATOMIC); return 0; } /** * skb_cow - copy header of skb when it is required * @skb: buffer to cow * @headroom: needed headroom * * If the skb passed lacks sufficient headroom or its data part * is shared, data is reallocated. If reallocation fails, an error * is returned and original skb is not changed. * * The result is skb with writable area skb->head...skb->tail * and at least @headroom of space at head. */ static inline int skb_cow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom) { return __skb_cow(skb, headroom, skb_cloned(skb)); } /** * skb_cow_head - skb_cow but only making the head writable * @skb: buffer to cow * @headroom: needed headroom * * This function is identical to skb_cow except that we replace the * skb_cloned check by skb_header_cloned. It should be used when * you only need to push on some header and do not need to modify * the data. */ static inline int skb_cow_head(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom) { return __skb_cow(skb, headroom, skb_header_cloned(skb)); } /** * skb_padto - pad an skbuff up to a minimal size * @skb: buffer to pad * @len: minimal length * * Pads up a buffer to ensure the trailing bytes exist and are * blanked. If the buffer already contains sufficient data it * is untouched. Otherwise it is extended. Returns zero on * success. The skb is freed on error. */ static inline int skb_padto(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { unsigned int size = skb->len; if (likely(size >= len)) return 0; return skb_pad(skb, len - size); } /** * __skb_put_padto - increase size and pad an skbuff up to a minimal size * @skb: buffer to pad * @len: minimal length * @free_on_error: free buffer on error * * Pads up a buffer to ensure the trailing bytes exist and are * blanked. If the buffer already contains sufficient data it * is untouched. Otherwise it is extended. Returns zero on * success. The skb is freed on error if @free_on_error is true. */ static inline int __must_check __skb_put_padto(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len, bool free_on_error) { unsigned int size = skb->len; if (unlikely(size < len)) { len -= size; if (__skb_pad(skb, len, free_on_error)) return -ENOMEM; __skb_put(skb, len); } return 0; } /** * skb_put_padto - increase size and pad an skbuff up to a minimal size * @skb: buffer to pad * @len: minimal length * * Pads up a buffer to ensure the trailing bytes exist and are * blanked. If the buffer already contains sufficient data it * is untouched. Otherwise it is extended. Returns zero on * success. The skb is freed on error. */ static inline int __must_check skb_put_padto(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return __skb_put_padto(skb, len, true); } static inline int skb_add_data(struct sk_buff *skb, struct iov_iter *from, int copy) { const int off = skb->len; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) { __wsum csum = 0; if (csum_and_copy_from_iter_full(skb_put(skb, copy), copy, &csum, from)) { skb->csum = csum_block_add(skb->csum, csum, off); return 0; } } else if (copy_from_iter_full(skb_put(skb, copy), copy, from)) return 0; __skb_trim(skb, off); return -EFAULT; } static inline bool skb_can_coalesce(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, const struct page *page, int off) { if (skb_zcopy(skb)) return false; if (i) { const skb_frag_t *frag = &skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i - 1]; return page == skb_frag_page(frag) && off == skb_frag_off(frag) + skb_frag_size(frag); } return false; } static inline int __skb_linearize(struct sk_buff *skb) { return __pskb_pull_tail(skb, skb->data_len) ? 0 : -ENOMEM; } /** * skb_linearize - convert paged skb to linear one * @skb: buffer to linarize * * If there is no free memory -ENOMEM is returned, otherwise zero * is returned and the old skb data released. */ static inline int skb_linearize(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) ? __skb_linearize(skb) : 0; } /** * skb_has_shared_frag - can any frag be overwritten * @skb: buffer to test * * Return true if the skb has at least one frag that might be modified * by an external entity (as in vmsplice()/sendfile()) */ static inline bool skb_has_shared_frag(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) && skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags & SKBTX_SHARED_FRAG; } /** * skb_linearize_cow - make sure skb is linear and writable * @skb: buffer to process * * If there is no free memory -ENOMEM is returned, otherwise zero * is returned and the old skb data released. */ static inline int skb_linearize_cow(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) || skb_cloned(skb) ? __skb_linearize(skb) : 0; } static __always_inline void __skb_postpull_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len, unsigned int off) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_block_sub(skb->csum, csum_partial(start, len, 0), off); else if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL && skb_checksum_start_offset(skb) < 0) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; } /** * skb_postpull_rcsum - update checksum for received skb after pull * @skb: buffer to update * @start: start of data before pull * @len: length of data pulled * * After doing a pull on a received packet, you need to call this to * update the CHECKSUM_COMPLETE checksum, or set ip_summed to * CHECKSUM_NONE so that it can be recomputed from scratch. */ static inline void skb_postpull_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len) { __skb_postpull_rcsum(skb, start, len, 0); } static __always_inline void __skb_postpush_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len, unsigned int off) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_block_add(skb->csum, csum_partial(start, len, 0), off); } /** * skb_postpush_rcsum - update checksum for received skb after push * @skb: buffer to update * @start: start of data after push * @len: length of data pushed * * After doing a push on a received packet, you need to call this to * update the CHECKSUM_COMPLETE checksum. */ static inline void skb_postpush_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len) { __skb_postpush_rcsum(skb, start, len, 0); } void *skb_pull_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); /** * skb_push_rcsum - push skb and update receive checksum * @skb: buffer to update * @len: length of data pulled * * This function performs an skb_push on the packet and updates * the CHECKSUM_COMPLETE checksum. It should be used on * receive path processing instead of skb_push unless you know * that the checksum difference is zero (e.g., a valid IP header) * or you are setting ip_summed to CHECKSUM_NONE. */ static inline void *skb_push_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { skb_push(skb, len); skb_postpush_rcsum(skb, skb->data, len); return skb->data; } int pskb_trim_rcsum_slow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); /** * pskb_trim_rcsum - trim received skb and update checksum * @skb: buffer to trim * @len: new length * * This is exactly the same as pskb_trim except that it ensures the * checksum of received packets are still valid after the operation. * It can change skb pointers. */ static inline int pskb_trim_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (likely(len >= skb->len)) return 0; return pskb_trim_rcsum_slow(skb, len); } static inline int __skb_trim_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; __skb_trim(skb, len); return 0; } static inline int __skb_grow_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; return __skb_grow(skb, len); } #define rb_to_skb(rb) rb_entry_safe(rb, struct sk_buff, rbnode) #define skb_rb_first(root) rb_to_skb(rb_first(root)) #define skb_rb_last(root) rb_to_skb(rb_last(root)) #define skb_rb_next(skb) rb_to_skb(rb_next(&(skb)->rbnode)) #define skb_rb_prev(skb) rb_to_skb(rb_prev(&(skb)->rbnode)) #define skb_queue_walk(queue, skb) \ for (skb = (queue)->next; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = skb->next) #define skb_queue_walk_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (skb = (queue)->next, tmp = skb->next; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->next) #define skb_queue_walk_from(queue, skb) \ for (; skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = skb->next) #define skb_rbtree_walk(skb, root) \ for (skb = skb_rb_first(root); skb != NULL; \ skb = skb_rb_next(skb)) #define skb_rbtree_walk_from(skb) \ for (; skb != NULL; \ skb = skb_rb_next(skb)) #define skb_rbtree_walk_from_safe(skb, tmp) \ for (; tmp = skb ? skb_rb_next(skb) : NULL, (skb != NULL); \ skb = tmp) #define skb_queue_walk_from_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (tmp = skb->next; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->next) #define skb_queue_reverse_walk(queue, skb) \ for (skb = (queue)->prev; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = skb->prev) #define skb_queue_reverse_walk_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (skb = (queue)->prev, tmp = skb->prev; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->prev) #define skb_queue_reverse_walk_from_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (tmp = skb->prev; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->prev) static inline bool skb_has_frag_list(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list != NULL; } static inline void skb_frag_list_init(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list = NULL; } #define skb_walk_frags(skb, iter) \ for (iter = skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list; iter; iter = iter->next) int __skb_wait_for_more_packets(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, int *err, long *timeo_p, const struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *__skb_try_recv_from_queue(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err, struct sk_buff **last); struct sk_buff *__skb_try_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err, struct sk_buff **last); struct sk_buff *__skb_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *sk_queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err); struct sk_buff *skb_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, unsigned flags, int noblock, int *err); __poll_t datagram_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, struct poll_table_struct *wait); int skb_copy_datagram_iter(const struct sk_buff *from, int offset, struct iov_iter *to, int size); static inline int skb_copy_datagram_msg(const struct sk_buff *from, int offset, struct msghdr *msg, int size) { return skb_copy_datagram_iter(from, offset, &msg->msg_iter, size); } int skb_copy_and_csum_datagram_msg(struct sk_buff *skb, int hlen, struct msghdr *msg); int skb_copy_and_hash_datagram_iter(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, struct iov_iter *to, int len, struct ahash_request *hash); int skb_copy_datagram_from_iter(struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, struct iov_iter *from, int len); int zerocopy_sg_from_iter(struct sk_buff *skb, struct iov_iter *frm); void skb_free_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void __skb_free_datagram_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int len); static inline void skb_free_datagram_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { __skb_free_datagram_locked(sk, skb, 0); } int skb_kill_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int flags); int skb_copy_bits(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, void *to, int len); int skb_store_bits(struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, const void *from, int len); __wsum skb_copy_and_csum_bits(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, u8 *to, int len); int skb_splice_bits(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk, unsigned int offset, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, unsigned int len, unsigned int flags); int skb_send_sock_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len); void skb_copy_and_csum_dev(const struct sk_buff *skb, u8 *to); unsigned int skb_zerocopy_headlen(const struct sk_buff *from); int skb_zerocopy(struct sk_buff *to, struct sk_buff *from, int len, int hlen); void skb_split(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff *skb1, const u32 len); int skb_shift(struct sk_buff *tgt, struct sk_buff *skb, int shiftlen); void skb_scrub_packet(struct sk_buff *skb, bool xnet); bool skb_gso_validate_network_len(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int mtu); bool skb_gso_validate_mac_len(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); struct sk_buff *skb_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features); struct sk_buff *skb_segment_list(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features, unsigned int offset); struct sk_buff *skb_vlan_untag(struct sk_buff *skb); int skb_ensure_writable(struct sk_buff *skb, int write_len); int __skb_vlan_pop(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 *vlan_tci); int skb_vlan_pop(struct sk_buff *skb); int skb_vlan_push(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 vlan_proto, u16 vlan_tci); int skb_eth_pop(struct sk_buff *skb); int skb_eth_push(struct sk_buff *skb, const unsigned char *dst, const unsigned char *src); int skb_mpls_push(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 mpls_lse, __be16 mpls_proto, int mac_len, bool ethernet); int skb_mpls_pop(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 next_proto, int mac_len, bool ethernet); int skb_mpls_update_lse(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 mpls_lse); int skb_mpls_dec_ttl(struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *pskb_extract(struct sk_buff *skb, int off, int to_copy, gfp_t gfp); static inline int memcpy_from_msg(void *data, struct msghdr *msg, int len) { return copy_from_iter_full(data, len, &msg->msg_iter) ? 0 : -EFAULT; } static inline int memcpy_to_msg(struct msghdr *msg, void *data, int len) { return copy_to_iter(data, len, &msg->msg_iter) == len ? 0 : -EFAULT; } struct skb_checksum_ops { __wsum (*update)(const void *mem, int len, __wsum wsum); __wsum (*combine)(__wsum csum, __wsum csum2, int offset, int len); }; extern const struct skb_checksum_ops *crc32c_csum_stub __read_mostly; __wsum __skb_checksum(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, __wsum csum, const struct skb_checksum_ops *ops); __wsum skb_checksum(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, __wsum csum); static inline void * __must_check __skb_header_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, void *data, int hlen, void *buffer) { if (hlen - offset >= len) return data + offset; if (!skb || skb_copy_bits(skb, offset, buffer, len) < 0) return NULL; return buffer; } static inline void * __must_check skb_header_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, void *buffer) { return __skb_header_pointer(skb, offset, len, skb->data, skb_headlen(skb), buffer); } /** * skb_needs_linearize - check if we need to linearize a given skb * depending on the given device features. * @skb: socket buffer to check * @features: net device features * * Returns true if either: * 1. skb has frag_list and the device doesn't support FRAGLIST, or * 2. skb is fragmented and the device does not support SG. */ static inline bool skb_needs_linearize(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) && ((skb_has_frag_list(skb) && !(features & NETIF_F_FRAGLIST)) || (skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags && !(features & NETIF_F_SG))); } static inline void skb_copy_from_linear_data(const struct sk_buff *skb, void *to, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(to, skb->data, len); } static inline void skb_copy_from_linear_data_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset, void *to, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(to, skb->data + offset, len); } static inline void skb_copy_to_linear_data(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *from, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(skb->data, from, len); } static inline void skb_copy_to_linear_data_offset(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset, const void *from, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(skb->data + offset, from, len); } void skb_init(void); static inline ktime_t skb_get_ktime(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->tstamp; } /** * skb_get_timestamp - get timestamp from a skb * @skb: skb to get stamp from * @stamp: pointer to struct __kernel_old_timeval to store stamp in * * Timestamps are stored in the skb as offsets to a base timestamp. * This function converts the offset back to a struct timeval and stores * it in stamp. */ static inline void skb_get_timestamp(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_old_timeval *stamp) { *stamp = ns_to_kernel_old_timeval(skb->tstamp); } static inline void skb_get_new_timestamp(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_sock_timeval *stamp) { struct timespec64 ts = ktime_to_timespec64(skb->tstamp); stamp->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec; stamp->tv_usec = ts.tv_nsec / 1000; } static inline void skb_get_timestampns(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_old_timespec *stamp) { struct timespec64 ts = ktime_to_timespec64(skb->tstamp); stamp->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec; stamp->tv_nsec = ts.tv_nsec; } static inline void skb_get_new_timestampns(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_timespec *stamp) { struct timespec64 ts = ktime_to_timespec64(skb->tstamp); stamp->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec; stamp->tv_nsec = ts.tv_nsec; } static inline void __net_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->tstamp = ktime_get_real(); } static inline ktime_t net_timedelta(ktime_t t) { return ktime_sub(ktime_get_real(), t); } static inline ktime_t net_invalid_timestamp(void) { return 0; } static inline u8 skb_metadata_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->meta_len; } static inline void *skb_metadata_end(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_mac_header(skb); } static inline bool __skb_metadata_differs(const struct sk_buff *skb_a, const struct sk_buff *skb_b, u8 meta_len) { const void *a = skb_metadata_end(skb_a); const void *b = skb_metadata_end(skb_b); /* Using more efficient varaiant than plain call to memcmp(). */ #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 u64 diffs = 0; switch (meta_len) { #define __it(x, op) (x -= sizeof(u##op)) #define __it_diff(a, b, op) (*(u##op *)__it(a, op)) ^ (*(u##op *)__it(b, op)) case 32: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 24: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 16: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 8: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); break; case 28: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 20: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 12: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 4: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 32); break; } return diffs; #else return memcmp(a - meta_len, b - meta_len, meta_len); #endif } static inline bool skb_metadata_differs(const struct sk_buff *skb_a, const struct sk_buff *skb_b) { u8 len_a = skb_metadata_len(skb_a); u8 len_b = skb_metadata_len(skb_b); if (!(len_a | len_b)) return false; return len_a != len_b ? true : __skb_metadata_differs(skb_a, skb_b, len_a); } static inline void skb_metadata_set(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 meta_len) { skb_shinfo(skb)->meta_len = meta_len; } static inline void skb_metadata_clear(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_metadata_set(skb, 0); } struct sk_buff *skb_clone_sk(struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_NETWORK_PHY_TIMESTAMPING void skb_clone_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb); bool skb_defer_rx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb); #else /* CONFIG_NETWORK_PHY_TIMESTAMPING */ static inline void skb_clone_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { } static inline bool skb_defer_rx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { return false; } #endif /* !CONFIG_NETWORK_PHY_TIMESTAMPING */ /** * skb_complete_tx_timestamp() - deliver cloned skb with tx timestamps * * PHY drivers may accept clones of transmitted packets for * timestamping via their phy_driver.txtstamp method. These drivers * must call this function to return the skb back to the stack with a * timestamp. * * @skb: clone of the original outgoing packet * @hwtstamps: hardware time stamps * */ void skb_complete_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb, struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *hwtstamps); void __skb_tstamp_tx(struct sk_buff *orig_skb, struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *hwtstamps, struct sock *sk, int tstype); /** * skb_tstamp_tx - queue clone of skb with send time stamps * @orig_skb: the original outgoing packet * @hwtstamps: hardware time stamps, may be NULL if not available * * If the skb has a socket associated, then this function clones the * skb (thus sharing the actual data and optional structures), stores * the optional hardware time stamping information (if non NULL) or * generates a software time stamp (otherwise), then queues the clone * to the error queue of the socket. Errors are silently ignored. */ void skb_tstamp_tx(struct sk_buff *orig_skb, struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *hwtstamps); /** * skb_tx_timestamp() - Driver hook for transmit timestamping * * Ethernet MAC Drivers should call this function in their hard_xmit() * function immediately before giving the sk_buff to the MAC hardware. * * Specifically, one should make absolutely sure that this function is * called before TX completion of this packet can trigger. Otherwise * the packet could potentially already be freed. * * @skb: A socket buffer. */ static inline void skb_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_clone_tx_timestamp(skb); if (skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags & SKBTX_SW_TSTAMP) skb_tstamp_tx(skb, NULL); } /** * skb_complete_wifi_ack - deliver skb with wifi status * * @skb: the original outgoing packet * @acked: ack status * */ void skb_complete_wifi_ack(struct sk_buff *skb, bool acked); __sum16 __skb_checksum_complete_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int len); __sum16 __skb_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb); static inline int skb_csum_unnecessary(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return ((skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) || skb->csum_valid || (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL && skb_checksum_start_offset(skb) >= 0)); } /** * skb_checksum_complete - Calculate checksum of an entire packet * @skb: packet to process * * This function calculates the checksum over the entire packet plus * the value of skb->csum. The latter can be used to supply the * checksum of a pseudo header as used by TCP/UDP. It returns the * checksum. * * For protocols that contain complete checksums such as ICMP/TCP/UDP, * this function can be used to verify that checksum on received * packets. In that case the function should return zero if the * checksum is correct. In particular, this function will return zero * if skb->ip_summed is CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY which indicates that the * hardware has already verified the correctness of the checksum. */ static inline __sum16 skb_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) ? 0 : __skb_checksum_complete(skb); } static inline void __skb_decr_checksum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) { if (skb->csum_level == 0) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; else skb->csum_level--; } } static inline void __skb_incr_checksum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) { if (skb->csum_level < SKB_MAX_CSUM_LEVEL) skb->csum_level++; } else if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) { skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY; skb->csum_level = 0; } } static inline void __skb_reset_checksum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) { skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; skb->csum_level = 0; } } /* Check if we need to perform checksum complete validation. * * Returns true if checksum complete is needed, false otherwise * (either checksum is unnecessary or zero checksum is allowed). */ static inline bool __skb_checksum_validate_needed(struct sk_buff *skb, bool zero_okay, __sum16 check) { if (skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) || (zero_okay && !check)) { skb->csum_valid = 1; __skb_decr_checksum_unnecessary(skb); return false; } return true; } /* For small packets <= CHECKSUM_BREAK perform checksum complete directly * in checksum_init. */ #define CHECKSUM_BREAK 76 /* Unset checksum-complete * * Unset checksum complete can be done when packet is being modified * (uncompressed for instance) and checksum-complete value is * invalidated. */ static inline void skb_checksum_complete_unset(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; } /* Validate (init) checksum based on checksum complete. * * Return values: * 0: checksum is validated or try to in skb_checksum_complete. In the latter * case the ip_summed will not be CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY and the pseudo * checksum is stored in skb->csum for use in __skb_checksum_complete * non-zero: value of invalid checksum * */ static inline __sum16 __skb_checksum_validate_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, bool complete, __wsum psum) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) { if (!csum_fold(csum_add(psum, skb->csum))) { skb->csum_valid = 1; return 0; } } skb->csum = psum; if (complete || skb->len <= CHECKSUM_BREAK) { __sum16 csum; csum = __skb_checksum_complete(skb); skb->csum_valid = !csum; return csum; } return 0; } static inline __wsum null_compute_pseudo(struct sk_buff *skb, int proto) { return 0; } /* Perform checksum validate (init). Note that this is a macro since we only * want to calculate the pseudo header which is an input function if necessary. * First we try to validate without any computation (checksum unnecessary) and * then calculate based on checksum complete calling the function to compute * pseudo header. * * Return values: * 0: checksum is validated or try to in skb_checksum_complete * non-zero: value of invalid checksum */ #define __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, complete, \ zero_okay, check, compute_pseudo) \ ({ \ __sum16 __ret = 0; \ skb->csum_valid = 0; \ if (__skb_checksum_validate_needed(skb, zero_okay, check)) \ __ret = __skb_checksum_validate_complete(skb, \ complete, compute_pseudo(skb, proto)); \ __ret; \ }) #define skb_checksum_init(skb, proto, compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, false, false, 0, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_init_zero_check(skb, proto, check, compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, false, true, check, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, true, false, 0, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_validate_zero_check(skb, proto, check, \ compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, true, true, check, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_simple_validate(skb) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, 0, true, false, 0, null_compute_pseudo) static inline bool __skb_checksum_convert_check(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE && skb->csum_valid); } static inline void __skb_checksum_convert(struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum pseudo) { skb->csum = ~pseudo; skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_COMPLETE; } #define skb_checksum_try_convert(skb, proto, compute_pseudo) \ do { \ if (__skb_checksum_convert_check(skb)) \ __skb_checksum_convert(skb, compute_pseudo(skb, proto)); \ } while (0) static inline void skb_remcsum_adjust_partial(struct sk_buff *skb, void *ptr, u16 start, u16 offset) { skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL; skb->csum_start = ((unsigned char *)ptr + start) - skb->head; skb->csum_offset = offset - start; } /* Update skbuf and packet to reflect the remote checksum offload operation. * When called, ptr indicates the starting point for skb->csum when * ip_summed is CHECKSUM_COMPLETE. If we need create checksum complete * here, skb_postpull_rcsum is done so skb->csum start is ptr. */ static inline void skb_remcsum_process(struct sk_buff *skb, void *ptr, int start, int offset, bool nopartial) { __wsum delta; if (!nopartial) { skb_remcsum_adjust_partial(skb, ptr, start, offset); return; } if (unlikely(skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_COMPLETE)) { __skb_checksum_complete(skb); skb_postpull_rcsum(skb, skb->data, ptr - (void *)skb->data); } delta = remcsum_adjust(ptr, skb->csum, start, offset); /* Adjust skb->csum since we changed the packet */ skb->csum = csum_add(skb->csum, delta); } static inline struct nf_conntrack *skb_nfct(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) return (void *)(skb->_nfct & NFCT_PTRMASK); #else return NULL; #endif } static inline unsigned long skb_get_nfct(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) return skb->_nfct; #else return 0UL; #endif } static inline void skb_set_nfct(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned long nfct) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) skb->_nfct = nfct; #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS enum skb_ext_id { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BRIDGE_NETFILTER) SKB_EXT_BRIDGE_NF, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_TC_SKB_EXT) TC_SKB_EXT, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPTCP) SKB_EXT_MPTCP, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KCOV) SKB_EXT_KCOV_HANDLE, #endif SKB_EXT_NUM, /* must be last */ }; /** * struct skb_ext - sk_buff extensions * @refcnt: 1 on allocation, deallocated on 0 * @offset: offset to add to @data to obtain extension address * @chunks: size currently allocated, stored in SKB_EXT_ALIGN_SHIFT units * @data: start of extension data, variable sized * * Note: offsets/lengths are stored in chunks of 8 bytes, this allows * to use 'u8' types while allowing up to 2kb worth of extension data. */ struct skb_ext { refcount_t refcnt; u8 offset[SKB_EXT_NUM]; /* in chunks of 8 bytes */ u8 chunks; /* same */ char data[] __aligned(8); }; struct skb_ext *__skb_ext_alloc(gfp_t flags); void *__skb_ext_set(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id, struct skb_ext *ext); void *skb_ext_add(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id); void __skb_ext_del(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id); void __skb_ext_put(struct skb_ext *ext); static inline void skb_ext_put(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->active_extensions) __skb_ext_put(skb->extensions); } static inline void __skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src) { dst->active_extensions = src->active_extensions; if (src->active_extensions) { struct skb_ext *ext = src->extensions; refcount_inc(&ext->refcnt); dst->extensions = ext; } } static inline void skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src) { skb_ext_put(dst); __skb_ext_copy(dst, src); } static inline bool __skb_ext_exist(const struct skb_ext *ext, enum skb_ext_id i) { return !!ext->offset[i]; } static inline bool skb_ext_exist(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id) { return skb->active_extensions & (1 << id); } static inline void skb_ext_del(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id) { if (skb_ext_exist(skb, id)) __skb_ext_del(skb, id); } static inline void *skb_ext_find(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id) { if (skb_ext_exist(skb, id)) { struct skb_ext *ext = skb->extensions; return (void *)ext + (ext->offset[id] << 3); } return NULL; } static inline void skb_ext_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (unlikely(skb->active_extensions)) { __skb_ext_put(skb->extensions); skb->active_extensions = 0; } } static inline bool skb_has_extensions(struct sk_buff *skb) { return unlikely(skb->active_extensions); } #else static inline void skb_ext_put(struct sk_buff *skb) {} static inline void skb_ext_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) {} static inline void skb_ext_del(struct sk_buff *skb, int unused) {} static inline void __skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *d, const struct sk_buff *s) {} static inline void skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *s) {} static inline bool skb_has_extensions(struct sk_buff *skb) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS */ static inline void nf_reset_ct(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) nf_conntrack_put(skb_nfct(skb)); skb->_nfct = 0; #endif } static inline void nf_reset_trace(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) skb->nf_trace = 0; #endif } static inline void ipvs_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP_VS) skb->ipvs_property = 0; #endif } /* Note: This doesn't put any conntrack info in dst. */ static inline void __nf_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src, bool copy) { #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) dst->_nfct = src->_nfct; nf_conntrack_get(skb_nfct(src)); #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) if (copy) dst->nf_trace = src->nf_trace; #endif } static inline void nf_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src) { #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) nf_conntrack_put(skb_nfct(dst)); #endif __nf_copy(dst, src, true); } #ifdef CONFIG_NETWORK_SECMARK static inline void skb_copy_secmark(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { to->secmark = from->secmark; } static inline void skb_init_secmark(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->secmark = 0; } #else static inline void skb_copy_secmark(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { } static inline void skb_init_secmark(struct sk_buff *skb) { } #endif static inline int secpath_exists(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM return skb_ext_exist(skb, SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH); #else return 0; #endif } static inline bool skb_irq_freeable(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb->destructor && !secpath_exists(skb) && !skb_nfct(skb) && !skb->_skb_refdst && !skb_has_frag_list(skb); } static inline void skb_set_queue_mapping(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 queue_mapping) { skb->queue_mapping = queue_mapping; } static inline u16 skb_get_queue_mapping(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->queue_mapping; } static inline void skb_copy_queue_mapping(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { to->queue_mapping = from->queue_mapping; } static inline void skb_record_rx_queue(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 rx_queue) { skb->queue_mapping = rx_queue + 1; } static inline u16 skb_get_rx_queue(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->queue_mapping - 1; } static inline bool skb_rx_queue_recorded(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->queue_mapping != 0; } static inline void skb_set_dst_pending_confirm(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 val) { skb->dst_pending_confirm = val; } static inline bool skb_get_dst_pending_confirm(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->dst_pending_confirm != 0; } static inline struct sec_path *skb_sec_path(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM return skb_ext_find(skb, SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH); #else return NULL; #endif } /* Keeps track of mac header offset relative to skb->head. * It is useful for TSO of Tunneling protocol. e.g. GRE. * For non-tunnel skb it points to skb_mac_header() and for * tunnel skb it points to outer mac header. * Keeps track of level of encapsulation of network headers. */ struct skb_gso_cb { union { int mac_offset; int data_offset; }; int encap_level; __wsum csum; __u16 csum_start; }; #define SKB_GSO_CB_OFFSET 32 #define SKB_GSO_CB(skb) ((struct skb_gso_cb *)((skb)->cb + SKB_GSO_CB_OFFSET)) static inline int skb_tnl_header_len(const struct sk_buff *inner_skb) { return (skb_mac_header(inner_skb) - inner_skb->head) - SKB_GSO_CB(inner_skb)->mac_offset; } static inline int gso_pskb_expand_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int extra) { int new_headroom, headroom; int ret; headroom = skb_headroom(skb); ret = pskb_expand_head(skb, extra, 0, GFP_ATOMIC); if (ret) return ret; new_headroom = skb_headroom(skb); SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->mac_offset += (new_headroom - headroom); return 0; } static inline void gso_reset_checksum(struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum res) { /* Do not update partial checksums if remote checksum is enabled. */ if (skb->remcsum_offload) return; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum = res; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start = skb_checksum_start(skb) - skb->head; } /* Compute the checksum for a gso segment. First compute the checksum value * from the start of transport header to SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start, and * then add in skb->csum (checksum from csum_start to end of packet). * skb->csum and csum_start are then updated to reflect the checksum of the * resultant packet starting from the transport header-- the resultant checksum * is in the res argument (i.e. normally zero or ~ of checksum of a pseudo * header. */ static inline __sum16 gso_make_checksum(struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum res) { unsigned char *csum_start = skb_transport_header(skb); int plen = (skb->head + SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start) - csum_start; __wsum partial = SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum = res; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start = csum_start - skb->head; return csum_fold(csum_partial(csum_start, plen, partial)); } static inline bool skb_is_gso(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size; } /* Note: Should be called only if skb_is_gso(skb) is true */ static inline bool skb_is_gso_v6(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_TCPV6; } /* Note: Should be called only if skb_is_gso(skb) is true */ static inline bool skb_is_gso_sctp(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_SCTP; } /* Note: Should be called only if skb_is_gso(skb) is true */ static inline bool skb_is_gso_tcp(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & (SKB_GSO_TCPV4 | SKB_GSO_TCPV6); } static inline void skb_gso_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size = 0; skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs = 0; skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type = 0; } static inline void skb_increase_gso_size(struct skb_shared_info *shinfo, u16 increment) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(shinfo->gso_size == GSO_BY_FRAGS)) return; shinfo->gso_size += increment; } static inline void skb_decrease_gso_size(struct skb_shared_info *shinfo, u16 decrement) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(shinfo->gso_size == GSO_BY_FRAGS)) return; shinfo->gso_size -= decrement; } void __skb_warn_lro_forwarding(const struct sk_buff *skb); static inline bool skb_warn_if_lro(const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* LRO sets gso_size but not gso_type, whereas if GSO is really * wanted then gso_type will be set. */ const struct skb_shared_info *shinfo = skb_shinfo(skb); if (skb_is_nonlinear(skb) && shinfo->gso_size != 0 && unlikely(shinfo->gso_type == 0)) { __skb_warn_lro_forwarding(skb); return true; } return false; } static inline void skb_forward_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { /* Unfortunately we don't support this one. Any brave souls? */ if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; } /** * skb_checksum_none_assert - make sure skb ip_summed is CHECKSUM_NONE * @skb: skb to check * * fresh skbs have their ip_summed set to CHECKSUM_NONE. * Instead of forcing ip_summed to CHECKSUM_NONE, we can * use this helper, to document places where we make this assertion. */ static inline void skb_checksum_none_assert(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef DEBUG BUG_ON(skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_NONE); #endif } bool skb_partial_csum_set(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 start, u16 off); int skb_checksum_setup(struct sk_buff *skb, bool recalculate); struct sk_buff *skb_checksum_trimmed(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int transport_len, __sum16(*skb_chkf)(struct sk_buff *skb)); /** * skb_head_is_locked - Determine if the skb->head is locked down * @skb: skb to check * * The head on skbs build around a head frag can be removed if they are * not cloned. This function returns true if the skb head is locked down * due to either being allocated via kmalloc, or by being a clone with * multiple references to the head. */ static inline bool skb_head_is_locked(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb->head_frag || skb_cloned(skb); } /* Local Checksum Offload. * Compute outer checksum based on the assumption that the * inner checksum will be offloaded later. * See Documentation/networking/checksum-offloads.rst for * explanation of how this works. * Fill in outer checksum adjustment (e.g. with sum of outer * pseudo-header) before calling. * Also ensure that inner checksum is in linear data area. */ static inline __wsum lco_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { unsigned char *csum_start = skb_checksum_start(skb); unsigned char *l4_hdr = skb_transport_header(skb); __wsum partial; /* Start with complement of inner checksum adjustment */ partial = ~csum_unfold(*(__force __sum16 *)(csum_start + skb->csum_offset)); /* Add in checksum of our headers (incl. outer checksum * adjustment filled in by caller) and return result. */ return csum_partial(l4_hdr, csum_start - l4_hdr, partial); } static inline bool skb_is_redirected(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT return skb->redirected; #else return false; #endif } static inline void skb_set_redirected(struct sk_buff *skb, bool from_ingress) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT skb->redirected = 1; skb->from_ingress = from_ingress; if (skb->from_ingress) skb->tstamp = 0; #endif } static inline void skb_reset_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT skb->redirected = 0; #endif } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KCOV) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS) static inline void skb_set_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb, const u64 kcov_handle) { /* Do not allocate skb extensions only to set kcov_handle to zero * (as it is zero by default). However, if the extensions are * already allocated, update kcov_handle anyway since * skb_set_kcov_handle can be called to zero a previously set * value. */ if (skb_has_extensions(skb) || kcov_handle) { u64 *kcov_handle_ptr = skb_ext_add(skb, SKB_EXT_KCOV_HANDLE); if (kcov_handle_ptr) *kcov_handle_ptr = kcov_handle; } } static inline u64 skb_get_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb) { u64 *kcov_handle = skb_ext_find(skb, SKB_EXT_KCOV_HANDLE); return kcov_handle ? *kcov_handle : 0; } #else static inline void skb_set_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb, const u64 kcov_handle) { } static inline u64 skb_get_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_KCOV && CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS */ #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_SKBUFF_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _KBD_KERN_H #define _KBD_KERN_H #include <linux/tty.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/keyboard.h> extern struct tasklet_struct keyboard_tasklet; extern char *func_table[MAX_NR_FUNC]; extern char func_buf[]; extern char *funcbufptr; extern int funcbufsize, funcbufleft; /* * kbd->xxx contains the VC-local things (flag settings etc..) * * Note: externally visible are LED_SCR, LED_NUM, LED_CAP defined in kd.h * The code in KDGETLED / KDSETLED depends on the internal and * external order being the same. * * Note: lockstate is used as index in the array key_map. */ struct kbd_struct { unsigned char lockstate; /* 8 modifiers - the names do not have any meaning at all; they can be associated to arbitrarily chosen keys */ #define VC_SHIFTLOCK KG_SHIFT /* shift lock mode */ #define VC_ALTGRLOCK KG_ALTGR /* altgr lock mode */ #define VC_CTRLLOCK KG_CTRL /* control lock mode */ #define VC_ALTLOCK KG_ALT /* alt lock mode */ #define VC_SHIFTLLOCK KG_SHIFTL /* shiftl lock mode */ #define VC_SHIFTRLOCK KG_SHIFTR /* shiftr lock mode */ #define VC_CTRLLLOCK KG_CTRLL /* ctrll lock mode */ #define VC_CTRLRLOCK KG_CTRLR /* ctrlr lock mode */ unsigned char slockstate; /* for `sticky' Shift, Ctrl, etc. */ unsigned char ledmode:1; #define LED_SHOW_FLAGS 0 /* traditional state */ #define LED_SHOW_IOCTL 1 /* only change leds upon ioctl */ unsigned char ledflagstate:4; /* flags, not lights */ unsigned char default_ledflagstate:4; #define VC_SCROLLOCK 0 /* scroll-lock mode */ #define VC_NUMLOCK 1 /* numeric lock mode */ #define VC_CAPSLOCK 2 /* capslock mode */ #define VC_KANALOCK 3 /* kanalock mode */ unsigned char kbdmode:3; /* one 3-bit value */ #define VC_XLATE 0 /* translate keycodes using keymap */ #define VC_MEDIUMRAW 1 /* medium raw (keycode) mode */ #define VC_RAW 2 /* raw (scancode) mode */ #define VC_UNICODE 3 /* Unicode mode */ #define VC_OFF 4 /* disabled mode */ unsigned char modeflags:5; #define VC_APPLIC 0 /* application key mode */ #define VC_CKMODE 1 /* cursor key mode */ #define VC_REPEAT 2 /* keyboard repeat */ #define VC_CRLF 3 /* 0 - enter sends CR, 1 - enter sends CRLF */ #define VC_META 4 /* 0 - meta, 1 - meta=prefix with ESC */ }; extern int kbd_init(void); extern void setledstate(struct kbd_struct *kbd, unsigned int led); extern int do_poke_blanked_console; extern void (*kbd_ledfunc)(unsigned int led); extern int set_console(int nr); extern void schedule_console_callback(void); /* FIXME: review locking for vt.c callers */ static inline void set_leds(void) { tasklet_schedule(&keyboard_tasklet); } static inline int vc_kbd_mode(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { return ((kbd->modeflags >> flag) & 1); } static inline int vc_kbd_led(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { return ((kbd->ledflagstate >> flag) & 1); } static inline void set_vc_kbd_mode(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->modeflags |= 1 << flag; } static inline void set_vc_kbd_led(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->ledflagstate |= 1 << flag; } static inline void clr_vc_kbd_mode(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->modeflags &= ~(1 << flag); } static inline void clr_vc_kbd_led(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->ledflagstate &= ~(1 << flag); } static inline void chg_vc_kbd_lock(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->lockstate ^= 1 << flag; } static inline void chg_vc_kbd_slock(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->slockstate ^= 1 << flag; } static inline void chg_vc_kbd_mode(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->modeflags ^= 1 << flag; } static inline void chg_vc_kbd_led(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->ledflagstate ^= 1 << flag; } #define U(x) ((x) ^ 0xf000) #define BRL_UC_ROW 0x2800 /* keyboard.c */ struct console; void compute_shiftstate(void); /* defkeymap.c */ extern unsigned int keymap_count; #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions for diskquota-operations. When diskquota is configured these * macros expand to the right source-code. * * Author: Marco van Wieringen <mvw@planets.elm.net> */ #ifndef _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ #define _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ #include <linux/fs.h> #define DQUOT_SPACE_WARN 0x1 #define DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE 0x2 #define DQUOT_SPACE_NOFAIL 0x4 static inline struct quota_info *sb_dqopt(struct super_block *sb) { return &sb->s_dquot; } /* i_mutex must being held */ static inline bool is_quota_modification(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *ia) { return (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) || (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_UID && !uid_eq(ia->ia_uid, inode->i_uid)) || (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_GID && !gid_eq(ia->ia_gid, inode->i_gid)); } #if defined(CONFIG_QUOTA) #define quota_error(sb, fmt, args...) \ __quota_error((sb), __func__, fmt , ## args) extern __printf(3, 4) void __quota_error(struct super_block *sb, const char *func, const char *fmt, ...); /* * declaration of quota_function calls in kernel. */ int dquot_initialize(struct inode *inode); bool dquot_initialize_needed(struct inode *inode); void dquot_drop(struct inode *inode); struct dquot *dqget(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid qid); static inline struct dquot *dqgrab(struct dquot *dquot) { /* Make sure someone else has active reference to dquot */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!atomic_read(&dquot->dq_count)); WARN_ON_ONCE(!test_bit(DQ_ACTIVE_B, &dquot->dq_flags)); atomic_inc(&dquot->dq_count); return dquot; } static inline bool dquot_is_busy(struct dquot *dquot) { if (test_bit(DQ_MOD_B, &dquot->dq_flags)) return true; if (atomic_read(&dquot->dq_count) > 1) return true; return false; } void dqput(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_scan_active(struct super_block *sb, int (*fn)(struct dquot *dquot, unsigned long priv), unsigned long priv); struct dquot *dquot_alloc(struct super_block *sb, int type); void dquot_destroy(struct dquot *dquot); int __dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags); void __dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags); int dquot_alloc_inode(struct inode *inode); int dquot_claim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number); void dquot_free_inode(struct inode *inode); void dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number); int dquot_disable(struct super_block *sb, int type, unsigned int flags); /* Suspend quotas on remount RO */ static inline int dquot_suspend(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return dquot_disable(sb, type, DQUOT_SUSPENDED); } int dquot_resume(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_commit(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_acquire(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_release(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_commit_info(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_get_next_id(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *qid); int dquot_mark_dquot_dirty(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); int dquot_load_quota_sb(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags); int dquot_load_quota_inode(struct inode *inode, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags); int dquot_quota_on(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, const struct path *path); int dquot_quota_on_mount(struct super_block *sb, char *qf_name, int format_id, int type); int dquot_quota_off(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_writeback_dquots(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_quota_sync(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_get_state(struct super_block *sb, struct qc_state *state); int dquot_set_dqinfo(struct super_block *sb, int type, struct qc_info *ii); int dquot_get_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int dquot_get_next_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int dquot_set_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int __dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct dquot **transfer_to); int dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *iattr); static inline struct mem_dqinfo *sb_dqinfo(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->info + type; } /* * Functions for checking status of quota */ static inline bool sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED, type); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_limits_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED, type); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_SUSPENDED, type); } static inline unsigned sb_any_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb) { return dquot_state_types(sb_dqopt(sb)->flags, DQUOT_SUSPENDED); } /* Does kernel know about any quota information for given sb + type? */ static inline bool sb_has_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb, int type) { /* Currently if anything is on, then quota usage is on as well */ return sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(sb, type); } static inline unsigned sb_any_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb) { return dquot_state_types(sb_dqopt(sb)->flags, DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_active(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_has_quota_loaded(sb, type) && !sb_has_quota_suspended(sb, type); } /* * Operations supported for diskquotas. */ extern const struct dquot_operations dquot_operations; extern const struct quotactl_ops dquot_quotactl_sysfile_ops; #else static inline int sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_limits_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_any_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; } /* Does kernel know about any quota information for given sb + type? */ static inline int sb_has_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_any_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_active(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_initialize(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline bool dquot_initialize_needed(struct inode *inode) { return false; } static inline void dquot_drop(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int dquot_alloc_inode(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline void dquot_free_inode(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *iattr) { return 0; } static inline int __dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags) { if (!(flags & DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE)) inode_add_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline void __dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags) { if (!(flags & DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE)) inode_sub_bytes(inode, number); } static inline int dquot_claim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number) { inode_add_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline int dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number) { inode_sub_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline int dquot_disable(struct super_block *sb, int type, unsigned int flags) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_suspend(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_resume(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } #define dquot_file_open generic_file_open static inline int dquot_writeback_dquots(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_QUOTA */ static inline int dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN); } static inline void dquot_alloc_space_nofail(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN|DQUOT_SPACE_NOFAIL); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline int dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(inode, nr); if (!ret) { /* * Mark inode fully dirty. Since we are allocating blocks, inode * would become fully dirty soon anyway and it reportedly * reduces lock contention. */ mark_inode_dirty(inode); } return ret; } static inline int dquot_alloc_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_alloc_block_nofail(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_alloc_space_nofail(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline int dquot_alloc_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline int dquot_prealloc_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, 0); } static inline int dquot_prealloc_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_prealloc_block_nodirty(inode, nr); if (!ret) mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); return ret; } static inline int dquot_reserve_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN|DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE); } static inline int dquot_claim_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_claim_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); if (!ret) mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); return ret; } static inline void dquot_reclaim_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline void dquot_free_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_free_space(inode, nr, 0); } static inline void dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space_nodirty(inode, nr); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline void dquot_free_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_free_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_release_reservation_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_free_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE); } unsigned int qtype_enforce_flag(int type); #endif /* _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * kernfs.h - pseudo filesystem decoupled from vfs locking */ #ifndef __LINUX_KERNFS_H #define __LINUX_KERNFS_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/wait.h> struct file; struct dentry; struct iattr; struct seq_file; struct vm_area_struct; struct super_block; struct file_system_type; struct poll_table_struct; struct fs_context; struct kernfs_fs_context; struct kernfs_open_node; struct kernfs_iattrs; enum kernfs_node_type { KERNFS_DIR = 0x0001, KERNFS_FILE = 0x0002, KERNFS_LINK = 0x0004, }; #define KERNFS_TYPE_MASK 0x000f #define KERNFS_FLAG_MASK ~KERNFS_TYPE_MASK #define KERNFS_MAX_USER_XATTRS 128 #define KERNFS_USER_XATTR_SIZE_LIMIT (128 << 10) enum kernfs_node_flag { KERNFS_ACTIVATED = 0x0010, KERNFS_NS = 0x0020, KERNFS_HAS_SEQ_SHOW = 0x0040, KERNFS_HAS_MMAP = 0x0080, KERNFS_LOCKDEP = 0x0100, KERNFS_SUICIDAL = 0x0400, KERNFS_SUICIDED = 0x0800, KERNFS_EMPTY_DIR = 0x1000, KERNFS_HAS_RELEASE = 0x2000, }; /* @flags for kernfs_create_root() */ enum kernfs_root_flag { /* * kernfs_nodes are created in the deactivated state and invisible. * They require explicit kernfs_activate() to become visible. This * can be used to make related nodes become visible atomically * after all nodes are created successfully. */ KERNFS_ROOT_CREATE_DEACTIVATED = 0x0001, /* * For regular files, if the opener has CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE, open(2) * succeeds regardless of the RW permissions. sysfs had an extra * layer of enforcement where open(2) fails with -EACCES regardless * of CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE if the permission doesn't have the * respective read or write access at all (none of S_IRUGO or * S_IWUGO) or the respective operation isn't implemented. The * following flag enables that behavior. */ KERNFS_ROOT_EXTRA_OPEN_PERM_CHECK = 0x0002, /* * The filesystem supports exportfs operation, so userspace can use * fhandle to access nodes of the fs. */ KERNFS_ROOT_SUPPORT_EXPORTOP = 0x0004, /* * Support user xattrs to be written to nodes rooted at this root. */ KERNFS_ROOT_SUPPORT_USER_XATTR = 0x0008, }; /* type-specific structures for kernfs_node union members */ struct kernfs_elem_dir { unsigned long subdirs; /* children rbtree starts here and goes through kn->rb */ struct rb_root children; /* * The kernfs hierarchy this directory belongs to. This fits * better directly in kernfs_node but is here to save space. */ struct kernfs_root *root; }; struct kernfs_elem_symlink { struct kernfs_node *target_kn; }; struct kernfs_elem_attr { const struct kernfs_ops *ops; struct kernfs_open_node *open; loff_t size; struct kernfs_node *notify_next; /* for kernfs_notify() */ }; /* * kernfs_node - the building block of kernfs hierarchy. Each and every * kernfs node is represented by single kernfs_node. Most fields are * private to kernfs and shouldn't be accessed directly by kernfs users. * * As long as s_count reference is held, the kernfs_node itself is * accessible. Dereferencing elem or any other outer entity requires * active reference. */ struct kernfs_node { atomic_t count; atomic_t active; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif /* * Use kernfs_get_parent() and kernfs_name/path() instead of * accessing the following two fields directly. If the node is * never moved to a different parent, it is safe to access the * parent directly. */ struct kernfs_node *parent; const char *name; struct rb_node rb; const void *ns; /* namespace tag */ unsigned int hash; /* ns + name hash */ union { struct kernfs_elem_dir dir; struct kernfs_elem_symlink symlink; struct kernfs_elem_attr attr; }; void *priv; /* * 64bit unique ID. On 64bit ino setups, id is the ino. On 32bit, * the low 32bits are ino and upper generation. */ u64 id; unsigned short flags; umode_t mode; struct kernfs_iattrs *iattr; }; /* * kernfs_syscall_ops may be specified on kernfs_create_root() to support * syscalls. These optional callbacks are invoked on the matching syscalls * and can perform any kernfs operations which don't necessarily have to be * the exact operation requested. An active reference is held for each * kernfs_node parameter. */ struct kernfs_syscall_ops { int (*show_options)(struct seq_file *sf, struct kernfs_root *root); int (*mkdir)(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode); int (*rmdir)(struct kernfs_node *kn); int (*rename)(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name); int (*show_path)(struct seq_file *sf, struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_root *root); }; struct kernfs_root { /* published fields */ struct kernfs_node *kn; unsigned int flags; /* KERNFS_ROOT_* flags */ /* private fields, do not use outside kernfs proper */ struct idr ino_idr; u32 last_id_lowbits; u32 id_highbits; struct kernfs_syscall_ops *syscall_ops; /* list of kernfs_super_info of this root, protected by kernfs_mutex */ struct list_head supers; wait_queue_head_t deactivate_waitq; }; struct kernfs_open_file { /* published fields */ struct kernfs_node *kn; struct file *file; struct seq_file *seq_file; void *priv; /* private fields, do not use outside kernfs proper */ struct mutex mutex; struct mutex prealloc_mutex; int event; struct list_head list; char *prealloc_buf; size_t atomic_write_len; bool mmapped:1; bool released:1; const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops; }; struct kernfs_ops { /* * Optional open/release methods. Both are called with * @of->seq_file populated. */ int (*open)(struct kernfs_open_file *of); void (*release)(struct kernfs_open_file *of); /* * Read is handled by either seq_file or raw_read(). * * If seq_show() is present, seq_file path is active. Other seq * operations are optional and if not implemented, the behavior is * equivalent to single_open(). @sf->private points to the * associated kernfs_open_file. * * read() is bounced through kernel buffer and a read larger than * PAGE_SIZE results in partial operation of PAGE_SIZE. */ int (*seq_show)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v); void *(*seq_start)(struct seq_file *sf, loff_t *ppos); void *(*seq_next)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v, loff_t *ppos); void (*seq_stop)(struct seq_file *sf, void *v); ssize_t (*read)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t bytes, loff_t off); /* * write() is bounced through kernel buffer. If atomic_write_len * is not set, a write larger than PAGE_SIZE results in partial * operations of PAGE_SIZE chunks. If atomic_write_len is set, * writes upto the specified size are executed atomically but * larger ones are rejected with -E2BIG. */ size_t atomic_write_len; /* * "prealloc" causes a buffer to be allocated at open for * all read/write requests. As ->seq_show uses seq_read() * which does its own allocation, it is incompatible with * ->prealloc. Provide ->read and ->write with ->prealloc. */ bool prealloc; ssize_t (*write)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t bytes, loff_t off); __poll_t (*poll)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct poll_table_struct *pt); int (*mmap)(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lock_class_key lockdep_key; #endif }; /* * The kernfs superblock creation/mount parameter context. */ struct kernfs_fs_context { struct kernfs_root *root; /* Root of the hierarchy being mounted */ void *ns_tag; /* Namespace tag of the mount (or NULL) */ unsigned long magic; /* File system specific magic number */ /* The following are set/used by kernfs_mount() */ bool new_sb_created; /* Set to T if we allocated a new sb */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_KERNFS static inline enum kernfs_node_type kernfs_type(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kn->flags & KERNFS_TYPE_MASK; } static inline ino_t kernfs_id_ino(u64 id) { /* id is ino if ino_t is 64bit; otherwise, low 32bits */ if (sizeof(ino_t) >= sizeof(u64)) return id; else return (u32)id; } static inline u32 kernfs_id_gen(u64 id) { /* gen is fixed at 1 if ino_t is 64bit; otherwise, high 32bits */ if (sizeof(ino_t) >= sizeof(u64)) return 1; else return id >> 32; } static inline ino_t kernfs_ino(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kernfs_id_ino(kn->id); } static inline ino_t kernfs_gen(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kernfs_id_gen(kn->id); } /** * kernfs_enable_ns - enable namespace under a directory * @kn: directory of interest, should be empty * * This is to be called right after @kn is created to enable namespace * under it. All children of @kn must have non-NULL namespace tags and * only the ones which match the super_block's tag will be visible. */ static inline void kernfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { WARN_ON_ONCE(kernfs_type(kn) != KERNFS_DIR); WARN_ON_ONCE(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&kn->dir.children)); kn->flags |= KERNFS_NS; } /** * kernfs_ns_enabled - test whether namespace is enabled * @kn: the node to test * * Test whether namespace filtering is enabled for the children of @ns. */ static inline bool kernfs_ns_enabled(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kn->flags & KERNFS_NS; } int kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen); int kernfs_path_from_node(struct kernfs_node *root_kn, struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen); void pr_cont_kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn); void pr_cont_kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_parent(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_find_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *path, const void *ns); void kernfs_get(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_node_from_dentry(struct dentry *dentry); struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root_from_sb(struct super_block *sb); struct inode *kernfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct kernfs_node *kn); struct dentry *kernfs_node_dentry(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct super_block *sb); struct kernfs_root *kernfs_create_root(struct kernfs_syscall_ops *scops, unsigned int flags, void *priv); void kernfs_destroy_root(struct kernfs_root *root); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_dir_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, void *priv, const void *ns); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_empty_dir(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name); struct kernfs_node *__kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns, struct lock_class_key *key); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_create_link(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, struct kernfs_node *target); void kernfs_activate(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_remove(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_break_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_unbreak_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn); bool kernfs_remove_self(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns); int kernfs_rename_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns); int kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr); __poll_t kernfs_generic_poll(struct kernfs_open_file *of, struct poll_table_struct *pt); void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_xattr_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, void *value, size_t size); int kernfs_xattr_set(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags); const void *kernfs_super_ns(struct super_block *sb); int kernfs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc); void kernfs_free_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc); void kernfs_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb); void kernfs_init(void); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_find_and_get_node_by_id(struct kernfs_root *root, u64 id); #else /* CONFIG_KERNFS */ static inline enum kernfs_node_type kernfs_type(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return 0; } /* whatever */ static inline void kernfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline bool kernfs_ns_enabled(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return false; } static inline int kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_path_from_node(struct kernfs_node *root_kn, struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void pr_cont_kernfs_name(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void pr_cont_kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_parent(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_find_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, const void *ns) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *path, const void *ns) { return NULL; } static inline void kernfs_get(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void kernfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_node_from_dentry(struct dentry *dentry) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root_from_sb(struct super_block *sb) { return NULL; } static inline struct inode * kernfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct kernfs_node *kn) { return NULL; } static inline struct kernfs_root * kernfs_create_root(struct kernfs_syscall_ops *scops, unsigned int flags, void *priv) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline void kernfs_destroy_root(struct kernfs_root *root) { } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_dir_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, void *priv, const void *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline struct kernfs_node * __kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns, struct lock_class_key *key) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_link(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, struct kernfs_node *target) { return ERR_PTR(-ENOSYS); } static inline void kernfs_activate(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void kernfs_remove(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline bool kernfs_remove_self(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return false; } static inline int kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *ns) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_rename_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void kernfs_notify(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline int kernfs_xattr_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, void *value, size_t size) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int kernfs_xattr_set(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline const void *kernfs_super_ns(struct super_block *sb) { return NULL; } static inline int kernfs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void kernfs_free_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc) { } static inline void kernfs_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb) { } static inline void kernfs_init(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_KERNFS */ /** * kernfs_path - build full path of a given node * @kn: kernfs_node of interest * @buf: buffer to copy @kn's name into * @buflen: size of @buf * * If @kn is NULL result will be "(null)". * * Returns the length of the full path. If the full length is equal to or * greater than @buflen, @buf contains the truncated path with the trailing * '\0'. On error, -errno is returned. */ static inline int kernfs_path(struct kernfs_node *kn, char *buf, size_t buflen) { return kernfs_path_from_node(kn, NULL, buf, buflen); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_find_and_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *name) { return kernfs_find_and_get_ns(kn, name, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_walk_and_get(struct kernfs_node *kn, const char *path) { return kernfs_walk_and_get_ns(kn, path, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_dir(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, void *priv) { return kernfs_create_dir_ns(parent, name, mode, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, priv, NULL); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_file_ns(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv, const void *ns) { struct lock_class_key *key = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC key = (struct lock_class_key *)&ops->lockdep_key; #endif return __kernfs_create_file(parent, name, mode, uid, gid, size, ops, priv, ns, key); } static inline struct kernfs_node * kernfs_create_file(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, loff_t size, const struct kernfs_ops *ops, void *priv) { return kernfs_create_file_ns(parent, name, mode, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, size, ops, priv, NULL); } static inline int kernfs_remove_by_name(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name) { return kernfs_remove_by_name_ns(parent, name, NULL); } static inline int kernfs_rename(struct kernfs_node *kn, struct kernfs_node *new_parent, const char *new_name) { return kernfs_rename_ns(kn, new_parent, new_name, NULL); } #endif /* __LINUX_KERNFS_H */
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2209 2210 2211 2212 2213 2214 2215 2216 2217 2218 2219 2220 2221 2222 2223 2224 2225 2226 2227 2228 2229 2230 2231 2232 2233 2234 2235 2236 2237 2238 2239 2240 2241 2242 2243 2244 2245 2246 2247 2248 2249 2250 2251 2252 2253 2254 2255 2256 2257 2258 2259 2260 2261 2262 2263 2264 2265 2266 2267 2268 2269 2270 2271 2272 2273 2274 2275 2276 2277 2278 2279 2280 2281 2282 2283 2284 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Copyright(C) 2005-2006, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright(C) 2005-2007, Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * Copyright(C) 2006-2007 Timesys Corp., Thomas Gleixner * * High-resolution kernel timers * * In contrast to the low-resolution timeout API, aka timer wheel, * hrtimers provide finer resolution and accuracy depending on system * configuration and capabilities. * * Started by: Thomas Gleixner and Ingo Molnar * * Credits: * Based on the original timer wheel code * * Help, testing, suggestions, bugfixes, improvements were * provided by: * * George Anzinger, Andrew Morton, Steven Rostedt, Roman Zippel * et. al. */ #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/tick.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/debugobjects.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/sched/sysctl.h> #include <linux/sched/rt.h> #include <linux/sched/deadline.h> #include <linux/sched/nohz.h> #include <linux/sched/debug.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <trace/events/timer.h> #include "tick-internal.h" /* * Masks for selecting the soft and hard context timers from * cpu_base->active */ #define MASK_SHIFT (HRTIMER_BASE_MONOTONIC_SOFT) #define HRTIMER_ACTIVE_HARD ((1U << MASK_SHIFT) - 1) #define HRTIMER_ACTIVE_SOFT (HRTIMER_ACTIVE_HARD << MASK_SHIFT) #define HRTIMER_ACTIVE_ALL (HRTIMER_ACTIVE_SOFT | HRTIMER_ACTIVE_HARD) /* * The timer bases: * * There are more clockids than hrtimer bases. Thus, we index * into the timer bases by the hrtimer_base_type enum. When trying * to reach a base using a clockid, hrtimer_clockid_to_base() * is used to convert from clockid to the proper hrtimer_base_type. */ DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct hrtimer_cpu_base, hrtimer_bases) = { .lock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(hrtimer_bases.lock), .clock_base = { { .index = HRTIMER_BASE_MONOTONIC, .clockid = CLOCK_MONOTONIC, .get_time = &ktime_get, }, { .index = HRTIMER_BASE_REALTIME, .clockid = CLOCK_REALTIME, .get_time = &ktime_get_real, }, { .index = HRTIMER_BASE_BOOTTIME, .clockid = CLOCK_BOOTTIME, .get_time = &ktime_get_boottime, }, { .index = HRTIMER_BASE_TAI, .clockid = CLOCK_TAI, .get_time = &ktime_get_clocktai, }, { .index = HRTIMER_BASE_MONOTONIC_SOFT, .clockid = CLOCK_MONOTONIC, .get_time = &ktime_get, }, { .index = HRTIMER_BASE_REALTIME_SOFT, .clockid = CLOCK_REALTIME, .get_time = &ktime_get_real, }, { .index = HRTIMER_BASE_BOOTTIME_SOFT, .clockid = CLOCK_BOOTTIME, .get_time = &ktime_get_boottime, }, { .index = HRTIMER_BASE_TAI_SOFT, .clockid = CLOCK_TAI, .get_time = &ktime_get_clocktai, }, } }; static const int hrtimer_clock_to_base_table[MAX_CLOCKS] = { /* Make sure we catch unsupported clockids */ [0 ... MAX_CLOCKS - 1] = HRTIMER_MAX_CLOCK_BASES, [CLOCK_REALTIME] = HRTIMER_BASE_REALTIME, [CLOCK_MONOTONIC] = HRTIMER_BASE_MONOTONIC, [CLOCK_BOOTTIME] = HRTIMER_BASE_BOOTTIME, [CLOCK_TAI] = HRTIMER_BASE_TAI, }; /* * Functions and macros which are different for UP/SMP systems are kept in a * single place */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* * We require the migration_base for lock_hrtimer_base()/switch_hrtimer_base() * such that hrtimer_callback_running() can unconditionally dereference * timer->base->cpu_base */ static struct hrtimer_cpu_base migration_cpu_base = { .clock_base = { { .cpu_base = &migration_cpu_base, .seq = SEQCNT_RAW_SPINLOCK_ZERO(migration_cpu_base.seq, &migration_cpu_base.lock), }, }, }; #define migration_base migration_cpu_base.clock_base[0] static inline bool is_migration_base(struct hrtimer_clock_base *base) { return base == &migration_base; } /* * We are using hashed locking: holding per_cpu(hrtimer_bases)[n].lock * means that all timers which are tied to this base via timer->base are * locked, and the base itself is locked too. * * So __run_timers/migrate_timers can safely modify all timers which could * be found on the lists/queues. * * When the timer's base is locked, and the timer removed from list, it is * possible to set timer->base = &migration_base and drop the lock: the timer * remains locked. */ static struct hrtimer_clock_base *lock_hrtimer_base(const struct hrtimer *timer, unsigned long *flags) { struct hrtimer_clock_base *base; for (;;) { base = READ_ONCE(timer->base); if (likely(base != &migration_base)) { raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&base->cpu_base->lock, *flags); if (likely(base == timer->base)) return base; /* The timer has migrated to another CPU: */ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&base->cpu_base->lock, *flags); } cpu_relax(); } } /* * We do not migrate the timer when it is expiring before the next * event on the target cpu. When high resolution is enabled, we cannot * reprogram the target cpu hardware and we would cause it to fire * late. To keep it simple, we handle the high resolution enabled and * disabled case similar. * * Called with cpu_base->lock of target cpu held. */ static int hrtimer_check_target(struct hrtimer *timer, struct hrtimer_clock_base *new_base) { ktime_t expires; expires = ktime_sub(hrtimer_get_expires(timer), new_base->offset); return expires < new_base->cpu_base->expires_next; } static inline struct hrtimer_cpu_base *get_target_base(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *base, int pinned) { #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON) if (static_branch_likely(&timers_migration_enabled) && !pinned) return &per_cpu(hrtimer_bases, get_nohz_timer_target()); #endif return base; } /* * We switch the timer base to a power-optimized selected CPU target, * if: * - NO_HZ_COMMON is enabled * - timer migration is enabled * - the timer callback is not running * - the timer is not the first expiring timer on the new target * * If one of the above requirements is not fulfilled we move the timer * to the current CPU or leave it on the previously assigned CPU if * the timer callback is currently running. */ static inline struct hrtimer_clock_base * switch_hrtimer_base(struct hrtimer *timer, struct hrtimer_clock_base *base, int pinned) { struct hrtimer_cpu_base *new_cpu_base, *this_cpu_base; struct hrtimer_clock_base *new_base; int basenum = base->index; this_cpu_base = this_cpu_ptr(&hrtimer_bases); new_cpu_base = get_target_base(this_cpu_base, pinned); again: new_base = &new_cpu_base->clock_base[basenum]; if (base != new_base) { /* * We are trying to move timer to new_base. * However we can't change timer's base while it is running, * so we keep it on the same CPU. No hassle vs. reprogramming * the event source in the high resolution case. The softirq * code will take care of this when the timer function has * completed. There is no conflict as we hold the lock until * the timer is enqueued. */ if (unlikely(hrtimer_callback_running(timer))) return base; /* See the comment in lock_hrtimer_base() */ WRITE_ONCE(timer->base, &migration_base); raw_spin_unlock(&base->cpu_base->lock); raw_spin_lock(&new_base->cpu_base->lock); if (new_cpu_base != this_cpu_base && hrtimer_check_target(timer, new_base)) { raw_spin_unlock(&new_base->cpu_base->lock); raw_spin_lock(&base->cpu_base->lock); new_cpu_base = this_cpu_base; WRITE_ONCE(timer->base, base); goto again; } WRITE_ONCE(timer->base, new_base); } else { if (new_cpu_base != this_cpu_base && hrtimer_check_target(timer, new_base)) { new_cpu_base = this_cpu_base; goto again; } } return new_base; } #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline bool is_migration_base(struct hrtimer_clock_base *base) { return false; } static inline struct hrtimer_clock_base * lock_hrtimer_base(const struct hrtimer *timer, unsigned long *flags) { struct hrtimer_clock_base *base = timer->base; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&base->cpu_base->lock, *flags); return base; } # define switch_hrtimer_base(t, b, p) (b) #endif /* !CONFIG_SMP */ /* * Functions for the union type storage format of ktime_t which are * too large for inlining: */ #if BITS_PER_LONG < 64 /* * Divide a ktime value by a nanosecond value */ s64 __ktime_divns(const ktime_t kt, s64 div) { int sft = 0; s64 dclc; u64 tmp; dclc = ktime_to_ns(kt); tmp = dclc < 0 ? -dclc : dclc; /* Make sure the divisor is less than 2^32: */ while (div >> 32) { sft++; div >>= 1; } tmp >>= sft; do_div(tmp, (u32) div); return dclc < 0 ? -tmp : tmp; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__ktime_divns); #endif /* BITS_PER_LONG >= 64 */ /* * Add two ktime values and do a safety check for overflow: */ ktime_t ktime_add_safe(const ktime_t lhs, const ktime_t rhs) { ktime_t res = ktime_add_unsafe(lhs, rhs); /* * We use KTIME_SEC_MAX here, the maximum timeout which we can * return to user space in a timespec: */ if (res < 0 || res < lhs || res < rhs) res = ktime_set(KTIME_SEC_MAX, 0); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_add_safe); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_TIMERS static const struct debug_obj_descr hrtimer_debug_descr; static void *hrtimer_debug_hint(void *addr) { return ((struct hrtimer *) addr)->function; } /* * fixup_init is called when: * - an active object is initialized */ static bool hrtimer_fixup_init(void *addr, enum debug_obj_state state) { struct hrtimer *timer = addr; switch (state) { case ODEBUG_STATE_ACTIVE: hrtimer_cancel(timer); debug_object_init(timer, &hrtimer_debug_descr); return true; default: return false; } } /* * fixup_activate is called when: * - an active object is activated * - an unknown non-static object is activated */ static bool hrtimer_fixup_activate(void *addr, enum debug_obj_state state) { switch (state) { case ODEBUG_STATE_ACTIVE: WARN_ON(1); fallthrough; default: return false; } } /* * fixup_free is called when: * - an active object is freed */ static bool hrtimer_fixup_free(void *addr, enum debug_obj_state state) { struct hrtimer *timer = addr; switch (state) { case ODEBUG_STATE_ACTIVE: hrtimer_cancel(timer); debug_object_free(timer, &hrtimer_debug_descr); return true; default: return false; } } static const struct debug_obj_descr hrtimer_debug_descr = { .name = "hrtimer", .debug_hint = hrtimer_debug_hint, .fixup_init = hrtimer_fixup_init, .fixup_activate = hrtimer_fixup_activate, .fixup_free = hrtimer_fixup_free, }; static inline void debug_hrtimer_init(struct hrtimer *timer) { debug_object_init(timer, &hrtimer_debug_descr); } static inline void debug_hrtimer_activate(struct hrtimer *timer, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { debug_object_activate(timer, &hrtimer_debug_descr); } static inline void debug_hrtimer_deactivate(struct hrtimer *timer) { debug_object_deactivate(timer, &hrtimer_debug_descr); } static void __hrtimer_init(struct hrtimer *timer, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode); void hrtimer_init_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { debug_object_init_on_stack(timer, &hrtimer_debug_descr); __hrtimer_init(timer, clock_id, mode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hrtimer_init_on_stack); static void __hrtimer_init_sleeper(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode); void hrtimer_init_sleeper_on_stack(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { debug_object_init_on_stack(&sl->timer, &hrtimer_debug_descr); __hrtimer_init_sleeper(sl, clock_id, mode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hrtimer_init_sleeper_on_stack); void destroy_hrtimer_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer) { debug_object_free(timer, &hrtimer_debug_descr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(destroy_hrtimer_on_stack); #else static inline void debug_hrtimer_init(struct hrtimer *timer) { } static inline void debug_hrtimer_activate(struct hrtimer *timer, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { } static inline void debug_hrtimer_deactivate(struct hrtimer *timer) { } #endif static inline void debug_init(struct hrtimer *timer, clockid_t clockid, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { debug_hrtimer_init(timer); trace_hrtimer_init(timer, clockid, mode); } static inline void debug_activate(struct hrtimer *timer, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { debug_hrtimer_activate(timer, mode); trace_hrtimer_start(timer, mode); } static inline void debug_deactivate(struct hrtimer *timer) { debug_hrtimer_deactivate(timer); trace_hrtimer_cancel(timer); } static struct hrtimer_clock_base * __next_base(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base, unsigned int *active) { unsigned int idx; if (!*active) return NULL; idx = __ffs(*active); *active &= ~(1U << idx); return &cpu_base->clock_base[idx]; } #define for_each_active_base(base, cpu_base, active) \ while ((base = __next_base((cpu_base), &(active)))) static ktime_t __hrtimer_next_event_base(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base, const struct hrtimer *exclude, unsigned int active, ktime_t expires_next) { struct hrtimer_clock_base *base; ktime_t expires; for_each_active_base(base, cpu_base, active) { struct timerqueue_node *next; struct hrtimer *timer; next = timerqueue_getnext(&base->active); timer = container_of(next, struct hrtimer, node); if (timer == exclude) { /* Get to the next timer in the queue. */ next = timerqueue_iterate_next(next); if (!next) continue; timer = container_of(next, struct hrtimer, node); } expires = ktime_sub(hrtimer_get_expires(timer), base->offset); if (expires < expires_next) { expires_next = expires; /* Skip cpu_base update if a timer is being excluded. */ if (exclude) continue; if (timer->is_soft) cpu_base->softirq_next_timer = timer; else cpu_base->next_timer = timer; } } /* * clock_was_set() might have changed base->offset of any of * the clock bases so the result might be negative. Fix it up * to prevent a false positive in clockevents_program_event(). */ if (expires_next < 0) expires_next = 0; return expires_next; } /* * Recomputes cpu_base::*next_timer and returns the earliest expires_next * but does not set cpu_base::*expires_next, that is done by * hrtimer[_force]_reprogram and hrtimer_interrupt only. When updating * cpu_base::*expires_next right away, reprogramming logic would no longer * work. * * When a softirq is pending, we can ignore the HRTIMER_ACTIVE_SOFT bases, * those timers will get run whenever the softirq gets handled, at the end of * hrtimer_run_softirq(), hrtimer_update_softirq_timer() will re-add these bases. * * Therefore softirq values are those from the HRTIMER_ACTIVE_SOFT clock bases. * The !softirq values are the minima across HRTIMER_ACTIVE_ALL, unless an actual * softirq is pending, in which case they're the minima of HRTIMER_ACTIVE_HARD. * * @active_mask must be one of: * - HRTIMER_ACTIVE_ALL, * - HRTIMER_ACTIVE_SOFT, or * - HRTIMER_ACTIVE_HARD. */ static ktime_t __hrtimer_get_next_event(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base, unsigned int active_mask) { unsigned int active; struct hrtimer *next_timer = NULL; ktime_t expires_next = KTIME_MAX; if (!cpu_base->softirq_activated && (active_mask & HRTIMER_ACTIVE_SOFT)) { active = cpu_base->active_bases & HRTIMER_ACTIVE_SOFT; cpu_base->softirq_next_timer = NULL; expires_next = __hrtimer_next_event_base(cpu_base, NULL, active, KTIME_MAX); next_timer = cpu_base->softirq_next_timer; } if (active_mask & HRTIMER_ACTIVE_HARD) { active = cpu_base->active_bases & HRTIMER_ACTIVE_HARD; cpu_base->next_timer = next_timer; expires_next = __hrtimer_next_event_base(cpu_base, NULL, active, expires_next); } return expires_next; } static ktime_t hrtimer_update_next_event(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base) { ktime_t expires_next, soft = KTIME_MAX; /* * If the soft interrupt has already been activated, ignore the * soft bases. They will be handled in the already raised soft * interrupt. */ if (!cpu_base->softirq_activated) { soft = __hrtimer_get_next_event(cpu_base, HRTIMER_ACTIVE_SOFT); /* * Update the soft expiry time. clock_settime() might have * affected it. */ cpu_base->softirq_expires_next = soft; } expires_next = __hrtimer_get_next_event(cpu_base, HRTIMER_ACTIVE_HARD); /* * If a softirq timer is expiring first, update cpu_base->next_timer * and program the hardware with the soft expiry time. */ if (expires_next > soft) { cpu_base->next_timer = cpu_base->softirq_next_timer; expires_next = soft; } return expires_next; } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_update_base(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *base) { ktime_t *offs_real = &base->clock_base[HRTIMER_BASE_REALTIME].offset; ktime_t *offs_boot = &base->clock_base[HRTIMER_BASE_BOOTTIME].offset; ktime_t *offs_tai = &base->clock_base[HRTIMER_BASE_TAI].offset; ktime_t now = ktime_get_update_offsets_now(&base->clock_was_set_seq, offs_real, offs_boot, offs_tai); base->clock_base[HRTIMER_BASE_REALTIME_SOFT].offset = *offs_real; base->clock_base[HRTIMER_BASE_BOOTTIME_SOFT].offset = *offs_boot; base->clock_base[HRTIMER_BASE_TAI_SOFT].offset = *offs_tai; return now; } /* * Is the high resolution mode active ? */ static inline int __hrtimer_hres_active(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS) ? cpu_base->hres_active : 0; } static inline int hrtimer_hres_active(void) { return __hrtimer_hres_active(this_cpu_ptr(&hrtimer_bases)); } /* * Reprogram the event source with checking both queues for the * next event * Called with interrupts disabled and base->lock held */ static void hrtimer_force_reprogram(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base, int skip_equal) { ktime_t expires_next; expires_next = hrtimer_update_next_event(cpu_base); if (skip_equal && expires_next == cpu_base->expires_next) return; cpu_base->expires_next = expires_next; /* * If hres is not active, hardware does not have to be * reprogrammed yet. * * If a hang was detected in the last timer interrupt then we * leave the hang delay active in the hardware. We want the * system to make progress. That also prevents the following * scenario: * T1 expires 50ms from now * T2 expires 5s from now * * T1 is removed, so this code is called and would reprogram * the hardware to 5s from now. Any hrtimer_start after that * will not reprogram the hardware due to hang_detected being * set. So we'd effectivly block all timers until the T2 event * fires. */ if (!__hrtimer_hres_active(cpu_base) || cpu_base->hang_detected) return; tick_program_event(cpu_base->expires_next, 1); } /* High resolution timer related functions */ #ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS /* * High resolution timer enabled ? */ static bool hrtimer_hres_enabled __read_mostly = true; unsigned int hrtimer_resolution __read_mostly = LOW_RES_NSEC; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hrtimer_resolution); /* * Enable / Disable high resolution mode */ static int __init setup_hrtimer_hres(char *str) { return (kstrtobool(str, &hrtimer_hres_enabled) == 0); } __setup("highres=", setup_hrtimer_hres); /* * hrtimer_high_res_enabled - query, if the highres mode is enabled */ static inline int hrtimer_is_hres_enabled(void) { return hrtimer_hres_enabled; } /* * Retrigger next event is called after clock was set * * Called with interrupts disabled via on_each_cpu() */ static void retrigger_next_event(void *arg) { struct hrtimer_cpu_base *base = this_cpu_ptr(&hrtimer_bases); if (!__hrtimer_hres_active(base)) return; raw_spin_lock(&base->lock); hrtimer_update_base(base); hrtimer_force_reprogram(base, 0); raw_spin_unlock(&base->lock); } /* * Switch to high resolution mode */ static void hrtimer_switch_to_hres(void) { struct hrtimer_cpu_base *base = this_cpu_ptr(&hrtimer_bases); if (tick_init_highres()) { pr_warn("Could not switch to high resolution mode on CPU %u\n", base->cpu); return; } base->hres_active = 1; hrtimer_resolution = HIGH_RES_NSEC; tick_setup_sched_timer(); /* "Retrigger" the interrupt to get things going */ retrigger_next_event(NULL); } #else static inline int hrtimer_is_hres_enabled(void) { return 0; } static inline void hrtimer_switch_to_hres(void) { } static inline void retrigger_next_event(void *arg) { } #endif /* CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS */ /* * When a timer is enqueued and expires earlier than the already enqueued * timers, we have to check, whether it expires earlier than the timer for * which the clock event device was armed. * * Called with interrupts disabled and base->cpu_base.lock held */ static void hrtimer_reprogram(struct hrtimer *timer, bool reprogram) { struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base = this_cpu_ptr(&hrtimer_bases); struct hrtimer_clock_base *base = timer->base; ktime_t expires = ktime_sub(hrtimer_get_expires(timer), base->offset); WARN_ON_ONCE(hrtimer_get_expires_tv64(timer) < 0); /* * CLOCK_REALTIME timer might be requested with an absolute * expiry time which is less than base->offset. Set it to 0. */ if (expires < 0) expires = 0; if (timer->is_soft) { /* * soft hrtimer could be started on a remote CPU. In this * case softirq_expires_next needs to be updated on the * remote CPU. The soft hrtimer will not expire before the * first hard hrtimer on the remote CPU - * hrtimer_check_target() prevents this case. */ struct hrtimer_cpu_base *timer_cpu_base = base->cpu_base; if (timer_cpu_base->softirq_activated) return; if (!ktime_before(expires, timer_cpu_base->softirq_expires_next)) return; timer_cpu_base->softirq_next_timer = timer; timer_cpu_base->softirq_expires_next = expires; if (!ktime_before(expires, timer_cpu_base->expires_next) || !reprogram) return; } /* * If the timer is not on the current cpu, we cannot reprogram * the other cpus clock event device. */ if (base->cpu_base != cpu_base) return; /* * If the hrtimer interrupt is running, then it will * reevaluate the clock bases and reprogram the clock event * device. The callbacks are always executed in hard interrupt * context so we don't need an extra check for a running * callback. */ if (cpu_base->in_hrtirq) return; if (expires >= cpu_base->expires_next) return; /* Update the pointer to the next expiring timer */ cpu_base->next_timer = timer; cpu_base->expires_next = expires; /* * If hres is not active, hardware does not have to be * programmed yet. * * If a hang was detected in the last timer interrupt then we * do not schedule a timer which is earlier than the expiry * which we enforced in the hang detection. We want the system * to make progress. */ if (!__hrtimer_hres_active(cpu_base) || cpu_base->hang_detected) return; /* * Program the timer hardware. We enforce the expiry for * events which are already in the past. */ tick_program_event(expires, 1); } /* * Clock realtime was set * * Change the offset of the realtime clock vs. the monotonic * clock. * * We might have to reprogram the high resolution timer interrupt. On * SMP we call the architecture specific code to retrigger _all_ high * resolution timer interrupts. On UP we just disable interrupts and * call the high resolution interrupt code. */ void clock_was_set(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS /* Retrigger the CPU local events everywhere */ on_each_cpu(retrigger_next_event, NULL, 1); #endif timerfd_clock_was_set(); } static void clock_was_set_work(struct work_struct *work) { clock_was_set(); } static DECLARE_WORK(hrtimer_work, clock_was_set_work); /* * Called from timekeeping and resume code to reprogram the hrtimer * interrupt device on all cpus and to notify timerfd. */ void clock_was_set_delayed(void) { schedule_work(&hrtimer_work); } /* * During resume we might have to reprogram the high resolution timer * interrupt on all online CPUs. However, all other CPUs will be * stopped with IRQs interrupts disabled so the clock_was_set() call * must be deferred. */ void hrtimers_resume(void) { lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled(); /* Retrigger on the local CPU */ retrigger_next_event(NULL); /* And schedule a retrigger for all others */ clock_was_set_delayed(); } /* * Counterpart to lock_hrtimer_base above: */ static inline void unlock_hrtimer_base(const struct hrtimer *timer, unsigned long *flags) { raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timer->base->cpu_base->lock, *flags); } /** * hrtimer_forward - forward the timer expiry * @timer: hrtimer to forward * @now: forward past this time * @interval: the interval to forward * * Forward the timer expiry so it will expire in the future. * Returns the number of overruns. * * Can be safely called from the callback function of @timer. If * called from other contexts @timer must neither be enqueued nor * running the callback and the caller needs to take care of * serialization. * * Note: This only updates the timer expiry value and does not requeue * the timer. */ u64 hrtimer_forward(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t now, ktime_t interval) { u64 orun = 1; ktime_t delta; delta = ktime_sub(now, hrtimer_get_expires(timer)); if (delta < 0) return 0; if (WARN_ON(timer->state & HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED)) return 0; if (interval < hrtimer_resolution) interval = hrtimer_resolution; if (unlikely(delta >= interval)) { s64 incr = ktime_to_ns(interval); orun = ktime_divns(delta, incr); hrtimer_add_expires_ns(timer, incr * orun); if (hrtimer_get_expires_tv64(timer) > now) return orun; /* * This (and the ktime_add() below) is the * correction for exact: */ orun++; } hrtimer_add_expires(timer, interval); return orun; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hrtimer_forward); /* * enqueue_hrtimer - internal function to (re)start a timer * * The timer is inserted in expiry order. Insertion into the * red black tree is O(log(n)). Must hold the base lock. * * Returns 1 when the new timer is the leftmost timer in the tree. */ static int enqueue_hrtimer(struct hrtimer *timer, struct hrtimer_clock_base *base, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { debug_activate(timer, mode); base->cpu_base->active_bases |= 1 << base->index; /* Pairs with the lockless read in hrtimer_is_queued() */ WRITE_ONCE(timer->state, HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED); return timerqueue_add(&base->active, &timer->node); } /* * __remove_hrtimer - internal function to remove a timer * * Caller must hold the base lock. * * High resolution timer mode reprograms the clock event device when the * timer is the one which expires next. The caller can disable this by setting * reprogram to zero. This is useful, when the context does a reprogramming * anyway (e.g. timer interrupt) */ static void __remove_hrtimer(struct hrtimer *timer, struct hrtimer_clock_base *base, u8 newstate, int reprogram) { struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base = base->cpu_base; u8 state = timer->state; /* Pairs with the lockless read in hrtimer_is_queued() */ WRITE_ONCE(timer->state, newstate); if (!(state & HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED)) return; if (!timerqueue_del(&base->active, &timer->node)) cpu_base->active_bases &= ~(1 << base->index); /* * Note: If reprogram is false we do not update * cpu_base->next_timer. This happens when we remove the first * timer on a remote cpu. No harm as we never dereference * cpu_base->next_timer. So the worst thing what can happen is * an superflous call to hrtimer_force_reprogram() on the * remote cpu later on if the same timer gets enqueued again. */ if (reprogram && timer == cpu_base->next_timer) hrtimer_force_reprogram(cpu_base, 1); } /* * remove hrtimer, called with base lock held */ static inline int remove_hrtimer(struct hrtimer *timer, struct hrtimer_clock_base *base, bool restart, bool keep_local) { u8 state = timer->state; if (state & HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED) { bool reprogram; /* * Remove the timer and force reprogramming when high * resolution mode is active and the timer is on the current * CPU. If we remove a timer on another CPU, reprogramming is * skipped. The interrupt event on this CPU is fired and * reprogramming happens in the interrupt handler. This is a * rare case and less expensive than a smp call. */ debug_deactivate(timer); reprogram = base->cpu_base == this_cpu_ptr(&hrtimer_bases); /* * If the timer is not restarted then reprogramming is * required if the timer is local. If it is local and about * to be restarted, avoid programming it twice (on removal * and a moment later when it's requeued). */ if (!restart) state = HRTIMER_STATE_INACTIVE; else reprogram &= !keep_local; __remove_hrtimer(timer, base, state, reprogram); return 1; } return 0; } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_update_lowres(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t tim, const enum hrtimer_mode mode) { #ifdef CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES /* * CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES indicates that the system has no way to return * granular time values. For relative timers we add hrtimer_resolution * (i.e. one jiffie) to prevent short timeouts. */ timer->is_rel = mode & HRTIMER_MODE_REL; if (timer->is_rel) tim = ktime_add_safe(tim, hrtimer_resolution); #endif return tim; } static void hrtimer_update_softirq_timer(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base, bool reprogram) { ktime_t expires; /* * Find the next SOFT expiration. */ expires = __hrtimer_get_next_event(cpu_base, HRTIMER_ACTIVE_SOFT); /* * reprogramming needs to be triggered, even if the next soft * hrtimer expires at the same time than the next hard * hrtimer. cpu_base->softirq_expires_next needs to be updated! */ if (expires == KTIME_MAX) return; /* * cpu_base->*next_timer is recomputed by __hrtimer_get_next_event() * cpu_base->*expires_next is only set by hrtimer_reprogram() */ hrtimer_reprogram(cpu_base->softirq_next_timer, reprogram); } static int __hrtimer_start_range_ns(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t tim, u64 delta_ns, const enum hrtimer_mode mode, struct hrtimer_clock_base *base) { struct hrtimer_clock_base *new_base; bool force_local, first; /* * If the timer is on the local cpu base and is the first expiring * timer then this might end up reprogramming the hardware twice * (on removal and on enqueue). To avoid that by prevent the * reprogram on removal, keep the timer local to the current CPU * and enforce reprogramming after it is queued no matter whether * it is the new first expiring timer again or not. */ force_local = base->cpu_base == this_cpu_ptr(&hrtimer_bases); force_local &= base->cpu_base->next_timer == timer; /* * Remove an active timer from the queue. In case it is not queued * on the current CPU, make sure that remove_hrtimer() updates the * remote data correctly. * * If it's on the current CPU and the first expiring timer, then * skip reprogramming, keep the timer local and enforce * reprogramming later if it was the first expiring timer. This * avoids programming the underlying clock event twice (once at * removal and once after enqueue). */ remove_hrtimer(timer, base, true, force_local); if (mode & HRTIMER_MODE_REL) tim = ktime_add_safe(tim, base->get_time()); tim = hrtimer_update_lowres(timer, tim, mode); hrtimer_set_expires_range_ns(timer, tim, delta_ns); /* Switch the timer base, if necessary: */ if (!force_local) { new_base = switch_hrtimer_base(timer, base, mode & HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED); } else { new_base = base; } first = enqueue_hrtimer(timer, new_base, mode); if (!force_local) return first; /* * Timer was forced to stay on the current CPU to avoid * reprogramming on removal and enqueue. Force reprogram the * hardware by evaluating the new first expiring timer. */ hrtimer_force_reprogram(new_base->cpu_base, 1); return 0; } /** * hrtimer_start_range_ns - (re)start an hrtimer * @timer: the timer to be added * @tim: expiry time * @delta_ns: "slack" range for the timer * @mode: timer mode: absolute (HRTIMER_MODE_ABS) or * relative (HRTIMER_MODE_REL), and pinned (HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED); * softirq based mode is considered for debug purpose only! */ void hrtimer_start_range_ns(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t tim, u64 delta_ns, const enum hrtimer_mode mode) { struct hrtimer_clock_base *base; unsigned long flags; /* * Check whether the HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT bit and hrtimer.is_soft * match on CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT = n. With PREEMPT_RT check the hard * expiry mode because unmarked timers are moved to softirq expiry. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT)) WARN_ON_ONCE(!(mode & HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT) ^ !timer->is_soft); else WARN_ON_ONCE(!(mode & HRTIMER_MODE_HARD) ^ !timer->is_hard); base = lock_hrtimer_base(timer, &flags); if (__hrtimer_start_range_ns(timer, tim, delta_ns, mode, base)) hrtimer_reprogram(timer, true); unlock_hrtimer_base(timer, &flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hrtimer_start_range_ns); /** * hrtimer_try_to_cancel - try to deactivate a timer * @timer: hrtimer to stop * * Returns: * * * 0 when the timer was not active * * 1 when the timer was active * * -1 when the timer is currently executing the callback function and * cannot be stopped */ int hrtimer_try_to_cancel(struct hrtimer *timer) { struct hrtimer_clock_base *base; unsigned long flags; int ret = -1; /* * Check lockless first. If the timer is not active (neither * enqueued nor running the callback, nothing to do here. The * base lock does not serialize against a concurrent enqueue, * so we can avoid taking it. */ if (!hrtimer_active(timer)) return 0; base = lock_hrtimer_base(timer, &flags); if (!hrtimer_callback_running(timer)) ret = remove_hrtimer(timer, base, false, false); unlock_hrtimer_base(timer, &flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hrtimer_try_to_cancel); #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT static void hrtimer_cpu_base_init_expiry_lock(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *base) { spin_lock_init(&base->softirq_expiry_lock); } static void hrtimer_cpu_base_lock_expiry(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *base) { spin_lock(&base->softirq_expiry_lock); } static void hrtimer_cpu_base_unlock_expiry(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *base) { spin_unlock(&base->softirq_expiry_lock); } /* * The counterpart to hrtimer_cancel_wait_running(). * * If there is a waiter for cpu_base->expiry_lock, then it was waiting for * the timer callback to finish. Drop expiry_lock and reaquire it. That * allows the waiter to acquire the lock and make progress. */ static void hrtimer_sync_wait_running(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base, unsigned long flags) { if (atomic_read(&cpu_base->timer_waiters)) { raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cpu_base->lock, flags); spin_unlock(&cpu_base->softirq_expiry_lock); spin_lock(&cpu_base->softirq_expiry_lock); raw_spin_lock_irq(&cpu_base->lock); } } /* * This function is called on PREEMPT_RT kernels when the fast path * deletion of a timer failed because the timer callback function was * running. * * This prevents priority inversion: if the soft irq thread is preempted * in the middle of a timer callback, then calling del_timer_sync() can * lead to two issues: * * - If the caller is on a remote CPU then it has to spin wait for the timer * handler to complete. This can result in unbound priority inversion. * * - If the caller originates from the task which preempted the timer * handler on the same CPU, then spin waiting for the timer handler to * complete is never going to end. */ void hrtimer_cancel_wait_running(const struct hrtimer *timer) { /* Lockless read. Prevent the compiler from reloading it below */ struct hrtimer_clock_base *base = READ_ONCE(timer->base); /* * Just relax if the timer expires in hard interrupt context or if * it is currently on the migration base. */ if (!timer->is_soft || is_migration_base(base)) { cpu_relax(); return; } /* * Mark the base as contended and grab the expiry lock, which is * held by the softirq across the timer callback. Drop the lock * immediately so the softirq can expire the next timer. In theory * the timer could already be running again, but that's more than * unlikely and just causes another wait loop. */ atomic_inc(&base->cpu_base->timer_waiters); spin_lock_bh(&base->cpu_base->softirq_expiry_lock); atomic_dec(&base->cpu_base->timer_waiters); spin_unlock_bh(&base->cpu_base->softirq_expiry_lock); } #else static inline void hrtimer_cpu_base_init_expiry_lock(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *base) { } static inline void hrtimer_cpu_base_lock_expiry(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *base) { } static inline void hrtimer_cpu_base_unlock_expiry(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *base) { } static inline void hrtimer_sync_wait_running(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *base, unsigned long flags) { } #endif /** * hrtimer_cancel - cancel a timer and wait for the handler to finish. * @timer: the timer to be cancelled * * Returns: * 0 when the timer was not active * 1 when the timer was active */ int hrtimer_cancel(struct hrtimer *timer) { int ret; do { ret = hrtimer_try_to_cancel(timer); if (ret < 0) hrtimer_cancel_wait_running(timer); } while (ret < 0); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hrtimer_cancel); /** * hrtimer_get_remaining - get remaining time for the timer * @timer: the timer to read * @adjust: adjust relative timers when CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES=y */ ktime_t __hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer, bool adjust) { unsigned long flags; ktime_t rem; lock_hrtimer_base(timer, &flags); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES) && adjust) rem = hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(timer); else rem = hrtimer_expires_remaining(timer); unlock_hrtimer_base(timer, &flags); return rem; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__hrtimer_get_remaining); #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON /** * hrtimer_get_next_event - get the time until next expiry event * * Returns the next expiry time or KTIME_MAX if no timer is pending. */ u64 hrtimer_get_next_event(void) { struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base = this_cpu_ptr(&hrtimer_bases); u64 expires = KTIME_MAX; unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&cpu_base->lock, flags); if (!__hrtimer_hres_active(cpu_base)) expires = __hrtimer_get_next_event(cpu_base, HRTIMER_ACTIVE_ALL); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cpu_base->lock, flags); return expires; } /** * hrtimer_next_event_without - time until next expiry event w/o one timer * @exclude: timer to exclude * * Returns the next expiry time over all timers except for the @exclude one or * KTIME_MAX if none of them is pending. */ u64 hrtimer_next_event_without(const struct hrtimer *exclude) { struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base = this_cpu_ptr(&hrtimer_bases); u64 expires = KTIME_MAX; unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&cpu_base->lock, flags); if (__hrtimer_hres_active(cpu_base)) { unsigned int active; if (!cpu_base->softirq_activated) { active = cpu_base->active_bases & HRTIMER_ACTIVE_SOFT; expires = __hrtimer_next_event_base(cpu_base, exclude, active, KTIME_MAX); } active = cpu_base->active_bases & HRTIMER_ACTIVE_HARD; expires = __hrtimer_next_event_base(cpu_base, exclude, active, expires); } raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cpu_base->lock, flags); return expires; } #endif static inline int hrtimer_clockid_to_base(clockid_t clock_id) { if (likely(clock_id < MAX_CLOCKS)) { int base = hrtimer_clock_to_base_table[clock_id]; if (likely(base != HRTIMER_MAX_CLOCK_BASES)) return base; } WARN(1, "Invalid clockid %d. Using MONOTONIC\n", clock_id); return HRTIMER_BASE_MONOTONIC; } static void __hrtimer_init(struct hrtimer *timer, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { bool softtimer = !!(mode & HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT); struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base; int base; /* * On PREEMPT_RT enabled kernels hrtimers which are not explicitely * marked for hard interrupt expiry mode are moved into soft * interrupt context for latency reasons and because the callbacks * can invoke functions which might sleep on RT, e.g. spin_lock(). */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT) && !(mode & HRTIMER_MODE_HARD)) softtimer = true; memset(timer, 0, sizeof(struct hrtimer)); cpu_base = raw_cpu_ptr(&hrtimer_bases); /* * POSIX magic: Relative CLOCK_REALTIME timers are not affected by * clock modifications, so they needs to become CLOCK_MONOTONIC to * ensure POSIX compliance. */ if (clock_id == CLOCK_REALTIME && mode & HRTIMER_MODE_REL) clock_id = CLOCK_MONOTONIC; base = softtimer ? HRTIMER_MAX_CLOCK_BASES / 2 : 0; base += hrtimer_clockid_to_base(clock_id); timer->is_soft = softtimer; timer->is_hard = !!(mode & HRTIMER_MODE_HARD); timer->base = &cpu_base->clock_base[base]; timerqueue_init(&timer->node); } /** * hrtimer_init - initialize a timer to the given clock * @timer: the timer to be initialized * @clock_id: the clock to be used * @mode: The modes which are relevant for intitialization: * HRTIMER_MODE_ABS, HRTIMER_MODE_REL, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_SOFT, * HRTIMER_MODE_REL_SOFT * * The PINNED variants of the above can be handed in, * but the PINNED bit is ignored as pinning happens * when the hrtimer is started */ void hrtimer_init(struct hrtimer *timer, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { debug_init(timer, clock_id, mode); __hrtimer_init(timer, clock_id, mode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hrtimer_init); /* * A timer is active, when it is enqueued into the rbtree or the * callback function is running or it's in the state of being migrated * to another cpu. * * It is important for this function to not return a false negative. */ bool hrtimer_active(const struct hrtimer *timer) { struct hrtimer_clock_base *base; unsigned int seq; do { base = READ_ONCE(timer->base); seq = raw_read_seqcount_begin(&base->seq); if (timer->state != HRTIMER_STATE_INACTIVE || base->running == timer) return true; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&base->seq, seq) || base != READ_ONCE(timer->base)); return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hrtimer_active); /* * The write_seqcount_barrier()s in __run_hrtimer() split the thing into 3 * distinct sections: * * - queued: the timer is queued * - callback: the timer is being ran * - post: the timer is inactive or (re)queued * * On the read side we ensure we observe timer->state and cpu_base->running * from the same section, if anything changed while we looked at it, we retry. * This includes timer->base changing because sequence numbers alone are * insufficient for that. * * The sequence numbers are required because otherwise we could still observe * a false negative if the read side got smeared over multiple consequtive * __run_hrtimer() invocations. */ static void __run_hrtimer(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base, struct hrtimer_clock_base *base, struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t *now, unsigned long flags) __must_hold(&cpu_base->lock) { enum hrtimer_restart (*fn)(struct hrtimer *); bool expires_in_hardirq; int restart; lockdep_assert_held(&cpu_base->lock); debug_deactivate(timer); base->running = timer; /* * Separate the ->running assignment from the ->state assignment. * * As with a regular write barrier, this ensures the read side in * hrtimer_active() cannot observe base->running == NULL && * timer->state == INACTIVE. */ raw_write_seqcount_barrier(&base->seq); __remove_hrtimer(timer, base, HRTIMER_STATE_INACTIVE, 0); fn = timer->function; /* * Clear the 'is relative' flag for the TIME_LOW_RES case. If the * timer is restarted with a period then it becomes an absolute * timer. If its not restarted it does not matter. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES)) timer->is_rel = false; /* * The timer is marked as running in the CPU base, so it is * protected against migration to a different CPU even if the lock * is dropped. */ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cpu_base->lock, flags); trace_hrtimer_expire_entry(timer, now); expires_in_hardirq = lockdep_hrtimer_enter(timer); restart = fn(timer); lockdep_hrtimer_exit(expires_in_hardirq); trace_hrtimer_expire_exit(timer); raw_spin_lock_irq(&cpu_base->lock); /* * Note: We clear the running state after enqueue_hrtimer and * we do not reprogram the event hardware. Happens either in * hrtimer_start_range_ns() or in hrtimer_interrupt() * * Note: Because we dropped the cpu_base->lock above, * hrtimer_start_range_ns() can have popped in and enqueued the timer * for us already. */ if (restart != HRTIMER_NORESTART && !(timer->state & HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED)) enqueue_hrtimer(timer, base, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS); /* * Separate the ->running assignment from the ->state assignment. * * As with a regular write barrier, this ensures the read side in * hrtimer_active() cannot observe base->running.timer == NULL && * timer->state == INACTIVE. */ raw_write_seqcount_barrier(&base->seq); WARN_ON_ONCE(base->running != timer); base->running = NULL; } static void __hrtimer_run_queues(struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base, ktime_t now, unsigned long flags, unsigned int active_mask) { struct hrtimer_clock_base *base; unsigned int active = cpu_base->active_bases & active_mask; for_each_active_base(base, cpu_base, active) { struct timerqueue_node *node; ktime_t basenow; basenow = ktime_add(now, base->offset); while ((node = timerqueue_getnext(&base->active))) { struct hrtimer *timer; timer = container_of(node, struct hrtimer, node); /* * The immediate goal for using the softexpires is * minimizing wakeups, not running timers at the * earliest interrupt after their soft expiration. * This allows us to avoid using a Priority Search * Tree, which can answer a stabbing querry for * overlapping intervals and instead use the simple * BST we already have. * We don't add extra wakeups by delaying timers that * are right-of a not yet expired timer, because that * timer will have to trigger a wakeup anyway. */ if (basenow < hrtimer_get_softexpires_tv64(timer)) break; __run_hrtimer(cpu_base, base, timer, &basenow, flags); if (active_mask == HRTIMER_ACTIVE_SOFT) hrtimer_sync_wait_running(cpu_base, flags); } } } static __latent_entropy void hrtimer_run_softirq(struct softirq_action *h) { struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base = this_cpu_ptr(&hrtimer_bases); unsigned long flags; ktime_t now; hrtimer_cpu_base_lock_expiry(cpu_base); raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&cpu_base->lock, flags); now = hrtimer_update_base(cpu_base); __hrtimer_run_queues(cpu_base, now, flags, HRTIMER_ACTIVE_SOFT); cpu_base->softirq_activated = 0; hrtimer_update_softirq_timer(cpu_base, true); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cpu_base->lock, flags); hrtimer_cpu_base_unlock_expiry(cpu_base); } #ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS /* * High resolution timer interrupt * Called with interrupts disabled */ void hrtimer_interrupt(struct clock_event_device *dev) { struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base = this_cpu_ptr(&hrtimer_bases); ktime_t expires_next, now, entry_time, delta; unsigned long flags; int retries = 0; BUG_ON(!cpu_base->hres_active); cpu_base->nr_events++; dev->next_event = KTIME_MAX; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&cpu_base->lock, flags); entry_time = now = hrtimer_update_base(cpu_base); retry: cpu_base->in_hrtirq = 1; /* * We set expires_next to KTIME_MAX here with cpu_base->lock * held to prevent that a timer is enqueued in our queue via * the migration code. This does not affect enqueueing of * timers which run their callback and need to be requeued on * this CPU. */ cpu_base->expires_next = KTIME_MAX; if (!ktime_before(now, cpu_base->softirq_expires_next)) { cpu_base->softirq_expires_next = KTIME_MAX; cpu_base->softirq_activated = 1; raise_softirq_irqoff(HRTIMER_SOFTIRQ); } __hrtimer_run_queues(cpu_base, now, flags, HRTIMER_ACTIVE_HARD); /* Reevaluate the clock bases for the [soft] next expiry */ expires_next = hrtimer_update_next_event(cpu_base); /* * Store the new expiry value so the migration code can verify * against it. */ cpu_base->expires_next = expires_next; cpu_base->in_hrtirq = 0; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cpu_base->lock, flags); /* Reprogramming necessary ? */ if (!tick_program_event(expires_next, 0)) { cpu_base->hang_detected = 0; return; } /* * The next timer was already expired due to: * - tracing * - long lasting callbacks * - being scheduled away when running in a VM * * We need to prevent that we loop forever in the hrtimer * interrupt routine. We give it 3 attempts to avoid * overreacting on some spurious event. * * Acquire base lock for updating the offsets and retrieving * the current time. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&cpu_base->lock, flags); now = hrtimer_update_base(cpu_base); cpu_base->nr_retries++; if (++retries < 3) goto retry; /* * Give the system a chance to do something else than looping * here. We stored the entry time, so we know exactly how long * we spent here. We schedule the next event this amount of * time away. */ cpu_base->nr_hangs++; cpu_base->hang_detected = 1; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cpu_base->lock, flags); delta = ktime_sub(now, entry_time); if ((unsigned int)delta > cpu_base->max_hang_time) cpu_base->max_hang_time = (unsigned int) delta; /* * Limit it to a sensible value as we enforce a longer * delay. Give the CPU at least 100ms to catch up. */ if (delta > 100 * NSEC_PER_MSEC) expires_next = ktime_add_ns(now, 100 * NSEC_PER_MSEC); else expires_next = ktime_add(now, delta); tick_program_event(expires_next, 1); pr_warn_once("hrtimer: interrupt took %llu ns\n", ktime_to_ns(delta)); } /* called with interrupts disabled */ static inline void __hrtimer_peek_ahead_timers(void) { struct tick_device *td; if (!hrtimer_hres_active()) return; td = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_device); if (td && td->evtdev) hrtimer_interrupt(td->evtdev); } #else /* CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS */ static inline void __hrtimer_peek_ahead_timers(void) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS */ /* * Called from run_local_timers in hardirq context every jiffy */ void hrtimer_run_queues(void) { struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base = this_cpu_ptr(&hrtimer_bases); unsigned long flags; ktime_t now; if (__hrtimer_hres_active(cpu_base)) return; /* * This _is_ ugly: We have to check periodically, whether we * can switch to highres and / or nohz mode. The clocksource * switch happens with xtime_lock held. Notification from * there only sets the check bit in the tick_oneshot code, * otherwise we might deadlock vs. xtime_lock. */ if (tick_check_oneshot_change(!hrtimer_is_hres_enabled())) { hrtimer_switch_to_hres(); return; } raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&cpu_base->lock, flags); now = hrtimer_update_base(cpu_base); if (!ktime_before(now, cpu_base->softirq_expires_next)) { cpu_base->softirq_expires_next = KTIME_MAX; cpu_base->softirq_activated = 1; raise_softirq_irqoff(HRTIMER_SOFTIRQ); } __hrtimer_run_queues(cpu_base, now, flags, HRTIMER_ACTIVE_HARD); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cpu_base->lock, flags); } /* * Sleep related functions: */ static enum hrtimer_restart hrtimer_wakeup(struct hrtimer *timer) { struct hrtimer_sleeper *t = container_of(timer, struct hrtimer_sleeper, timer); struct task_struct *task = t->task; t->task = NULL; if (task) wake_up_process(task); return HRTIMER_NORESTART; } /** * hrtimer_sleeper_start_expires - Start a hrtimer sleeper timer * @sl: sleeper to be started * @mode: timer mode abs/rel * * Wrapper around hrtimer_start_expires() for hrtimer_sleeper based timers * to allow PREEMPT_RT to tweak the delivery mode (soft/hardirq context) */ void hrtimer_sleeper_start_expires(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { /* * Make the enqueue delivery mode check work on RT. If the sleeper * was initialized for hard interrupt delivery, force the mode bit. * This is a special case for hrtimer_sleepers because * hrtimer_init_sleeper() determines the delivery mode on RT so the * fiddling with this decision is avoided at the call sites. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT) && sl->timer.is_hard) mode |= HRTIMER_MODE_HARD; hrtimer_start_expires(&sl->timer, mode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hrtimer_sleeper_start_expires); static void __hrtimer_init_sleeper(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { /* * On PREEMPT_RT enabled kernels hrtimers which are not explicitely * marked for hard interrupt expiry mode are moved into soft * interrupt context either for latency reasons or because the * hrtimer callback takes regular spinlocks or invokes other * functions which are not suitable for hard interrupt context on * PREEMPT_RT. * * The hrtimer_sleeper callback is RT compatible in hard interrupt * context, but there is a latency concern: Untrusted userspace can * spawn many threads which arm timers for the same expiry time on * the same CPU. That causes a latency spike due to the wakeup of * a gazillion threads. * * OTOH, priviledged real-time user space applications rely on the * low latency of hard interrupt wakeups. If the current task is in * a real-time scheduling class, mark the mode for hard interrupt * expiry. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT)) { if (task_is_realtime(current) && !(mode & HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT)) mode |= HRTIMER_MODE_HARD; } __hrtimer_init(&sl->timer, clock_id, mode); sl->timer.function = hrtimer_wakeup; sl->task = current; } /** * hrtimer_init_sleeper - initialize sleeper to the given clock * @sl: sleeper to be initialized * @clock_id: the clock to be used * @mode: timer mode abs/rel */ void hrtimer_init_sleeper(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { debug_init(&sl->timer, clock_id, mode); __hrtimer_init_sleeper(sl, clock_id, mode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hrtimer_init_sleeper); int nanosleep_copyout(struct restart_block *restart, struct timespec64 *ts) { switch(restart->nanosleep.type) { #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_32BIT_TIME case TT_COMPAT: if (put_old_timespec32(ts, restart->nanosleep.compat_rmtp)) return -EFAULT; break; #endif case TT_NATIVE: if (put_timespec64(ts, restart->nanosleep.rmtp)) return -EFAULT; break; default: BUG(); } return -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK; } static int __sched do_nanosleep(struct hrtimer_sleeper *t, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { struct restart_block *restart; do { set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); hrtimer_sleeper_start_expires(t, mode); if (likely(t->task)) freezable_schedule(); hrtimer_cancel(&t->timer); mode = HRTIMER_MODE_ABS; } while (t->task && !signal_pending(current)); __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); if (!t->task) return 0; restart = &current->restart_block; if (restart->nanosleep.type != TT_NONE) { ktime_t rem = hrtimer_expires_remaining(&t->timer); struct timespec64 rmt; if (rem <= 0) return 0; rmt = ktime_to_timespec64(rem); return nanosleep_copyout(restart, &rmt); } return -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK; } static long __sched hrtimer_nanosleep_restart(struct restart_block *restart) { struct hrtimer_sleeper t; int ret; hrtimer_init_sleeper_on_stack(&t, restart->nanosleep.clockid, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS); hrtimer_set_expires_tv64(&t.timer, restart->nanosleep.expires); ret = do_nanosleep(&t, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS); destroy_hrtimer_on_stack(&t.timer); return ret; } long hrtimer_nanosleep(ktime_t rqtp, const enum hrtimer_mode mode, const clockid_t clockid) { struct restart_block *restart; struct hrtimer_sleeper t; int ret = 0; u64 slack; slack = current->timer_slack_ns; if (dl_task(current) || rt_task(current)) slack = 0; hrtimer_init_sleeper_on_stack(&t, clockid, mode); hrtimer_set_expires_range_ns(&t.timer, rqtp, slack); ret = do_nanosleep(&t, mode); if (ret != -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK) goto out; /* Absolute timers do not update the rmtp value and restart: */ if (mode == HRTIMER_MODE_ABS) { ret = -ERESTARTNOHAND; goto out; } restart = &current->restart_block; restart->nanosleep.clockid = t.timer.base->clockid; restart->nanosleep.expires = hrtimer_get_expires_tv64(&t.timer); set_restart_fn(restart, hrtimer_nanosleep_restart); out: destroy_hrtimer_on_stack(&t.timer); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT SYSCALL_DEFINE2(nanosleep, struct __kernel_timespec __user *, rqtp, struct __kernel_timespec __user *, rmtp) { struct timespec64 tu; if (get_timespec64(&tu, rqtp)) return -EFAULT; if (!timespec64_valid(&tu)) return -EINVAL; current->restart_block.nanosleep.type = rmtp ? TT_NATIVE : TT_NONE; current->restart_block.nanosleep.rmtp = rmtp; return hrtimer_nanosleep(timespec64_to_ktime(tu), HRTIMER_MODE_REL, CLOCK_MONOTONIC); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_32BIT_TIME SYSCALL_DEFINE2(nanosleep_time32, struct old_timespec32 __user *, rqtp, struct old_timespec32 __user *, rmtp) { struct timespec64 tu; if (get_old_timespec32(&tu, rqtp)) return -EFAULT; if (!timespec64_valid(&tu)) return -EINVAL; current->restart_block.nanosleep.type = rmtp ? TT_COMPAT : TT_NONE; current->restart_block.nanosleep.compat_rmtp = rmtp; return hrtimer_nanosleep(timespec64_to_ktime(tu), HRTIMER_MODE_REL, CLOCK_MONOTONIC); } #endif /* * Functions related to boot-time initialization: */ int hrtimers_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu) { struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base = &per_cpu(hrtimer_bases, cpu); int i; for (i = 0; i < HRTIMER_MAX_CLOCK_BASES; i++) { struct hrtimer_clock_base *clock_b = &cpu_base->clock_base[i]; clock_b->cpu_base = cpu_base; seqcount_raw_spinlock_init(&clock_b->seq, &cpu_base->lock); timerqueue_init_head(&clock_b->active); } cpu_base->cpu = cpu; cpu_base->active_bases = 0; cpu_base->hres_active = 0; cpu_base->hang_detected = 0; cpu_base->next_timer = NULL; cpu_base->softirq_next_timer = NULL; cpu_base->expires_next = KTIME_MAX; cpu_base->softirq_expires_next = KTIME_MAX; hrtimer_cpu_base_init_expiry_lock(cpu_base); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU static void migrate_hrtimer_list(struct hrtimer_clock_base *old_base, struct hrtimer_clock_base *new_base) { struct hrtimer *timer; struct timerqueue_node *node; while ((node = timerqueue_getnext(&old_base->active))) { timer = container_of(node, struct hrtimer, node); BUG_ON(hrtimer_callback_running(timer)); debug_deactivate(timer); /* * Mark it as ENQUEUED not INACTIVE otherwise the * timer could be seen as !active and just vanish away * under us on another CPU */ __remove_hrtimer(timer, old_base, HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED, 0); timer->base = new_base; /* * Enqueue the timers on the new cpu. This does not * reprogram the event device in case the timer * expires before the earliest on this CPU, but we run * hrtimer_interrupt after we migrated everything to * sort out already expired timers and reprogram the * event device. */ enqueue_hrtimer(timer, new_base, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS); } } int hrtimers_dead_cpu(unsigned int scpu) { struct hrtimer_cpu_base *old_base, *new_base; int i; BUG_ON(cpu_online(scpu)); tick_cancel_sched_timer(scpu); /* * this BH disable ensures that raise_softirq_irqoff() does * not wakeup ksoftirqd (and acquire the pi-lock) while * holding the cpu_base lock */ local_bh_disable(); local_irq_disable(); old_base = &per_cpu(hrtimer_bases, scpu); new_base = this_cpu_ptr(&hrtimer_bases); /* * The caller is globally serialized and nobody else * takes two locks at once, deadlock is not possible. */ raw_spin_lock(&new_base->lock); raw_spin_lock_nested(&old_base->lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); for (i = 0; i < HRTIMER_MAX_CLOCK_BASES; i++) { migrate_hrtimer_list(&old_base->clock_base[i], &new_base->clock_base[i]); } /* * The migration might have changed the first expiring softirq * timer on this CPU. Update it. */ hrtimer_update_softirq_timer(new_base, false); raw_spin_unlock(&old_base->lock); raw_spin_unlock(&new_base->lock); /* Check, if we got expired work to do */ __hrtimer_peek_ahead_timers(); local_irq_enable(); local_bh_enable(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */ void __init hrtimers_init(void) { hrtimers_prepare_cpu(smp_processor_id()); open_softirq(HRTIMER_SOFTIRQ, hrtimer_run_softirq); } /** * schedule_hrtimeout_range_clock - sleep until timeout * @expires: timeout value (ktime_t) * @delta: slack in expires timeout (ktime_t) * @mode: timer mode * @clock_id: timer clock to be used */ int __sched schedule_hrtimeout_range_clock(ktime_t *expires, u64 delta, const enum hrtimer_mode mode, clockid_t clock_id) { struct hrtimer_sleeper t; /* * Optimize when a zero timeout value is given. It does not * matter whether this is an absolute or a relative time. */ if (expires && *expires == 0) { __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); return 0; } /* * A NULL parameter means "infinite" */ if (!expires) { schedule(); return -EINTR; } hrtimer_init_sleeper_on_stack(&t, clock_id, mode); hrtimer_set_expires_range_ns(&t.timer, *expires, delta); hrtimer_sleeper_start_expires(&t, mode); if (likely(t.task)) schedule(); hrtimer_cancel(&t.timer); destroy_hrtimer_on_stack(&t.timer); __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); return !t.task ? 0 : -EINTR; } /** * schedule_hrtimeout_range - sleep until timeout * @expires: timeout value (ktime_t) * @delta: slack in expires timeout (ktime_t) * @mode: timer mode * * Make the current task sleep until the given expiry time has * elapsed. The routine will return immediately unless * the current task state has been set (see set_current_state()). * * The @delta argument gives the kernel the freedom to schedule the * actual wakeup to a time that is both power and performance friendly. * The kernel give the normal best effort behavior for "@expires+@delta", * but may decide to fire the timer earlier, but no earlier than @expires. * * You can set the task state as follows - * * %TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE - at least @timeout time is guaranteed to * pass before the routine returns unless the current task is explicitly * woken up, (e.g. by wake_up_process()). * * %TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE - the routine may return early if a signal is * delivered to the current task or the current task is explicitly woken * up. * * The current task state is guaranteed to be TASK_RUNNING when this * routine returns. * * Returns 0 when the timer has expired. If the task was woken before the * timer expired by a signal (only possible in state TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) or * by an explicit wakeup, it returns -EINTR. */ int __sched schedule_hrtimeout_range(ktime_t *expires, u64 delta, const enum hrtimer_mode mode) { return schedule_hrtimeout_range_clock(expires, delta, mode, CLOCK_MONOTONIC); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(schedule_hrtimeout_range); /** * schedule_hrtimeout - sleep until timeout * @expires: timeout value (ktime_t) * @mode: timer mode * * Make the current task sleep until the given expiry time has * elapsed. The routine will return immediately unless * the current task state has been set (see set_current_state()). * * You can set the task state as follows - * * %TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE - at least @timeout time is guaranteed to * pass before the routine returns unless the current task is explicitly * woken up, (e.g. by wake_up_process()). * * %TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE - the routine may return early if a signal is * delivered to the current task or the current task is explicitly woken * up. * * The current task state is guaranteed to be TASK_RUNNING when this * routine returns. * * Returns 0 when the timer has expired. If the task was woken before the * timer expired by a signal (only possible in state TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE) or * by an explicit wakeup, it returns -EINTR. */ int __sched schedule_hrtimeout(ktime_t *expires, const enum hrtimer_mode mode) { return schedule_hrtimeout_range(expires, 0, mode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(schedule_hrtimeout);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __SOCK_DIAG_H__ #define __SOCK_DIAG_H__ #include <linux/netlink.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <uapi/linux/sock_diag.h> struct sk_buff; struct nlmsghdr; struct sock; struct sock_diag_handler { __u8 family; int (*dump)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh); int (*get_info)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk); int (*destroy)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh); }; int sock_diag_register(const struct sock_diag_handler *h); void sock_diag_unregister(const struct sock_diag_handler *h); void sock_diag_register_inet_compat(int (*fn)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh)); void sock_diag_unregister_inet_compat(int (*fn)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh)); u64 __sock_gen_cookie(struct sock *sk); static inline u64 sock_gen_cookie(struct sock *sk) { u64 cookie; preempt_disable(); cookie = __sock_gen_cookie(sk); preempt_enable(); return cookie; } int sock_diag_check_cookie(struct sock *sk, const __u32 *cookie); void sock_diag_save_cookie(struct sock *sk, __u32 *cookie); int sock_diag_put_meminfo(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int attr); int sock_diag_put_filterinfo(bool may_report_filterinfo, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int attrtype); static inline enum sknetlink_groups sock_diag_destroy_group(const struct sock *sk) { switch (sk->sk_family) { case AF_INET: if (sk->sk_type == SOCK_RAW) return SKNLGRP_NONE; switch (sk->sk_protocol) { case IPPROTO_TCP: return SKNLGRP_INET_TCP_DESTROY; case IPPROTO_UDP: return SKNLGRP_INET_UDP_DESTROY; default: return SKNLGRP_NONE; } case AF_INET6: if (sk->sk_type == SOCK_RAW) return SKNLGRP_NONE; switch (sk->sk_protocol) { case IPPROTO_TCP: return SKNLGRP_INET6_TCP_DESTROY; case IPPROTO_UDP: return SKNLGRP_INET6_UDP_DESTROY; default: return SKNLGRP_NONE; } default: return SKNLGRP_NONE; } } static inline bool sock_diag_has_destroy_listeners(const struct sock *sk) { const struct net *n = sock_net(sk); const enum sknetlink_groups group = sock_diag_destroy_group(sk); return group != SKNLGRP_NONE && n->diag_nlsk && netlink_has_listeners(n->diag_nlsk, group); } void sock_diag_broadcast_destroy(struct sock *sk); int sock_diag_destroy(struct sock *sk, int err); #endif
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