1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_RATELIMIT_H #define _LINUX_RATELIMIT_H #include <linux/ratelimit_types.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> static inline void ratelimit_state_init(struct ratelimit_state *rs, int interval, int burst) { memset(rs, 0, sizeof(*rs)); raw_spin_lock_init(&rs->lock); rs->interval = interval; rs->burst = burst; } static inline void ratelimit_default_init(struct ratelimit_state *rs) { return ratelimit_state_init(rs, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); } static inline void ratelimit_state_exit(struct ratelimit_state *rs) { if (!(rs->flags & RATELIMIT_MSG_ON_RELEASE)) return; if (rs->missed) { pr_warn("%s: %d output lines suppressed due to ratelimiting\n", current->comm, rs->missed); rs->missed = 0; } } static inline void ratelimit_set_flags(struct ratelimit_state *rs, unsigned long flags) { rs->flags = flags; } extern struct ratelimit_state printk_ratelimit_state; #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define WARN_ON_RATELIMIT(condition, state) ({ \ bool __rtn_cond = !!(condition); \ WARN_ON(__rtn_cond && __ratelimit(state)); \ __rtn_cond; \ }) #define WARN_RATELIMIT(condition, format, ...) \ ({ \ static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(_rs, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); \ int rtn = !!(condition); \ \ if (unlikely(rtn && __ratelimit(&_rs))) \ WARN(rtn, format, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ \ rtn; \ }) #else #define WARN_ON_RATELIMIT(condition, state) \ WARN_ON(condition) #define WARN_RATELIMIT(condition, format, ...) \ ({ \ int rtn = WARN(condition, format, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ rtn; \ }) #endif #endif /* _LINUX_RATELIMIT_H */
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char name[MODULE_NAME_LEN]; }; struct module; struct exception_table_entry; struct module_kobject { struct kobject kobj; struct module *mod; struct kobject *drivers_dir; struct module_param_attrs *mp; struct completion *kobj_completion; } __randomize_layout; struct module_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct module_attribute *, struct module_kobject *, char *); ssize_t (*store)(struct module_attribute *, struct module_kobject *, const char *, size_t count); void (*setup)(struct module *, const char *); int (*test)(struct module *); void (*free)(struct module *); }; struct module_version_attribute { struct module_attribute mattr; const char *module_name; const char *version; } __attribute__ ((__aligned__(sizeof(void *)))); extern ssize_t __modver_version_show(struct module_attribute *, struct module_kobject *, char *); extern struct module_attribute module_uevent; /* These are either module local, or the kernel's dummy ones. */ extern int init_module(void); extern void cleanup_module(void); #ifndef MODULE /** * module_init() - driver initialization entry point * @x: function to be run at kernel boot time or module insertion * * module_init() will either be called during do_initcalls() (if * builtin) or at module insertion time (if a module). There can only * be one per module. */ #define module_init(x) __initcall(x); /** * module_exit() - driver exit entry point * @x: function to be run when driver is removed * * module_exit() will wrap the driver clean-up code * with cleanup_module() when used with rmmod when * the driver is a module. If the driver is statically * compiled into the kernel, module_exit() has no effect. * There can only be one per module. */ #define module_exit(x) __exitcall(x); #else /* MODULE */ /* * In most cases loadable modules do not need custom * initcall levels. There are still some valid cases where * a driver may be needed early if built in, and does not * matter when built as a loadable module. Like bus * snooping debug drivers. */ #define early_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define core_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define core_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define postcore_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define postcore_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define arch_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define subsys_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define subsys_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define fs_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define fs_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define rootfs_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define device_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define device_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define late_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) #define late_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn) #define console_initcall(fn) module_init(fn) /* Each module must use one module_init(). */ #define module_init(initfn) \ static inline initcall_t __maybe_unused __inittest(void) \ { return initfn; } \ int init_module(void) __copy(initfn) __attribute__((alias(#initfn))); /* This is only required if you want to be unloadable. */ #define module_exit(exitfn) \ static inline exitcall_t __maybe_unused __exittest(void) \ { return exitfn; } \ void cleanup_module(void) __copy(exitfn) __attribute__((alias(#exitfn))); #endif /* This means "can be init if no module support, otherwise module load may call it." */ #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES #define __init_or_module #define __initdata_or_module #define __initconst_or_module #define __INIT_OR_MODULE .text #define __INITDATA_OR_MODULE .data #define __INITRODATA_OR_MODULE .section ".rodata","a",%progbits #else #define __init_or_module __init #define __initdata_or_module __initdata #define __initconst_or_module __initconst #define __INIT_OR_MODULE __INIT #define __INITDATA_OR_MODULE __INITDATA #define __INITRODATA_OR_MODULE __INITRODATA #endif /*CONFIG_MODULES*/ /* Generic info of form tag = "info" */ #define MODULE_INFO(tag, info) __MODULE_INFO(tag, tag, info) /* For userspace: you can also call me... */ #define MODULE_ALIAS(_alias) MODULE_INFO(alias, _alias) /* Soft module dependencies. See man modprobe.d for details. * Example: MODULE_SOFTDEP("pre: module-foo module-bar post: module-baz") */ #define MODULE_SOFTDEP(_softdep) MODULE_INFO(softdep, _softdep) /* * MODULE_FILE is used for generating modules.builtin * So, make it no-op when this is being built as a module */ #ifdef MODULE #define MODULE_FILE #else #define MODULE_FILE MODULE_INFO(file, KBUILD_MODFILE); #endif /* * The following license idents are currently accepted as indicating free * software modules * * "GPL" [GNU Public License v2] * "GPL v2" [GNU Public License v2] * "GPL and additional rights" [GNU Public License v2 rights and more] * "Dual BSD/GPL" [GNU Public License v2 * or BSD license choice] * "Dual MIT/GPL" [GNU Public License v2 * or MIT license choice] * "Dual MPL/GPL" [GNU Public License v2 * or Mozilla license choice] * * The following other idents are available * * "Proprietary" [Non free products] * * Both "GPL v2" and "GPL" (the latter also in dual licensed strings) are * merely stating that the module is licensed under the GPL v2, but are not * telling whether "GPL v2 only" or "GPL v2 or later". The reason why there * are two variants is a historic and failed attempt to convey more * information in the MODULE_LICENSE string. For module loading the * "only/or later" distinction is completely irrelevant and does neither * replace the proper license identifiers in the corresponding source file * nor amends them in any way. The sole purpose is to make the * 'Proprietary' flagging work and to refuse to bind symbols which are * exported with EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL when a non free module is loaded. * * In the same way "BSD" is not a clear license information. It merely * states, that the module is licensed under one of the compatible BSD * license variants. The detailed and correct license information is again * to be found in the corresponding source files. * * There are dual licensed components, but when running with Linux it is the * GPL that is relevant so this is a non issue. Similarly LGPL linked with GPL * is a GPL combined work. * * This exists for several reasons * 1. So modinfo can show license info for users wanting to vet their setup * is free * 2. So the community can ignore bug reports including proprietary modules * 3. So vendors can do likewise based on their own policies */ #define MODULE_LICENSE(_license) MODULE_FILE MODULE_INFO(license, _license) /* * Author(s), use "Name <email>" or just "Name", for multiple * authors use multiple MODULE_AUTHOR() statements/lines. */ #define MODULE_AUTHOR(_author) MODULE_INFO(author, _author) /* What your module does. */ #define MODULE_DESCRIPTION(_description) MODULE_INFO(description, _description) #ifdef MODULE /* Creates an alias so file2alias.c can find device table. */ #define MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(type, name) \ extern typeof(name) __mod_##type##__##name##_device_table \ __attribute__ ((unused, alias(__stringify(name)))) #else /* !MODULE */ #define MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(type, name) #endif /* Version of form [<epoch>:]<version>[-<extra-version>]. * Or for CVS/RCS ID version, everything but the number is stripped. * <epoch>: A (small) unsigned integer which allows you to start versions * anew. If not mentioned, it's zero. eg. "2:1.0" is after * "1:2.0". * <version>: The <version> may contain only alphanumerics and the * character `.'. Ordered by numeric sort for numeric parts, * ascii sort for ascii parts (as per RPM or DEB algorithm). * <extraversion>: Like <version>, but inserted for local * customizations, eg "rh3" or "rusty1". * Using this automatically adds a checksum of the .c files and the * local headers in "srcversion". */ #if defined(MODULE) || !defined(CONFIG_SYSFS) #define MODULE_VERSION(_version) MODULE_INFO(version, _version) #else #define MODULE_VERSION(_version) \ MODULE_INFO(version, _version); \ static struct module_version_attribute ___modver_attr = { \ .mattr = { \ .attr = { \ .name = "version", \ .mode = S_IRUGO, \ }, \ .show = __modver_version_show, \ }, \ .module_name = KBUILD_MODNAME, \ .version = _version, \ }; \ static const struct module_version_attribute \ __used __section("__modver") \ * __moduleparam_const __modver_attr = &___modver_attr #endif /* Optional firmware file (or files) needed by the module * format is simply firmware file name. Multiple firmware * files require multiple MODULE_FIRMWARE() specifiers */ #define MODULE_FIRMWARE(_firmware) MODULE_INFO(firmware, _firmware) #define MODULE_IMPORT_NS(ns) MODULE_INFO(import_ns, #ns) struct notifier_block; #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES extern int modules_disabled; /* for sysctl */ /* Get/put a kernel symbol (calls must be symmetric) */ void *__symbol_get(const char *symbol); void *__symbol_get_gpl(const char *symbol); #define symbol_get(x) ((typeof(&x))(__symbol_get(__stringify(x)))) /* modules using other modules: kdb wants to see this. */ struct module_use { struct list_head source_list; struct list_head target_list; struct module *source, *target; }; enum module_state { MODULE_STATE_LIVE, /* Normal state. */ MODULE_STATE_COMING, /* Full formed, running module_init. */ MODULE_STATE_GOING, /* Going away. */ MODULE_STATE_UNFORMED, /* Still setting it up. */ }; struct mod_tree_node { struct module *mod; struct latch_tree_node node; }; struct module_layout { /* The actual code + data. */ void *base; /* Total size. */ unsigned int size; /* The size of the executable code. */ unsigned int text_size; /* Size of RO section of the module (text+rodata) */ unsigned int ro_size; /* Size of RO after init section */ unsigned int ro_after_init_size; #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES_TREE_LOOKUP struct mod_tree_node mtn; #endif }; #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES_TREE_LOOKUP /* Only touch one cacheline for common rbtree-for-core-layout case. */ #define __module_layout_align ____cacheline_aligned #else #define __module_layout_align #endif struct mod_kallsyms { Elf_Sym *symtab; unsigned int num_symtab; char *strtab; char *typetab; }; #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH struct klp_modinfo { Elf_Ehdr hdr; Elf_Shdr *sechdrs; char *secstrings; unsigned int symndx; }; #endif struct module { enum module_state state; /* Member of list of modules */ struct list_head list; /* Unique handle for this module */ char name[MODULE_NAME_LEN]; /* Sysfs stuff. */ struct module_kobject mkobj; struct module_attribute *modinfo_attrs; const char *version; const char *srcversion; struct kobject *holders_dir; /* Exported symbols */ const struct kernel_symbol *syms; const s32 *crcs; unsigned int num_syms; /* Kernel parameters. */ #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS struct mutex param_lock; #endif struct kernel_param *kp; unsigned int num_kp; /* GPL-only exported symbols. */ unsigned int num_gpl_syms; const struct kernel_symbol *gpl_syms; const s32 *gpl_crcs; bool using_gplonly_symbols; #ifdef CONFIG_UNUSED_SYMBOLS /* unused exported symbols. */ const struct kernel_symbol *unused_syms; const s32 *unused_crcs; unsigned int num_unused_syms; /* GPL-only, unused exported symbols. */ unsigned int num_unused_gpl_syms; const struct kernel_symbol *unused_gpl_syms; const s32 *unused_gpl_crcs; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG /* Signature was verified. */ bool sig_ok; #endif bool async_probe_requested; /* symbols that will be GPL-only in the near future. */ const struct kernel_symbol *gpl_future_syms; const s32 *gpl_future_crcs; unsigned int num_gpl_future_syms; /* Exception table */ unsigned int num_exentries; struct exception_table_entry *extable; /* Startup function. */ int (*init)(void); /* Core layout: rbtree is accessed frequently, so keep together. */ struct module_layout core_layout __module_layout_align; struct module_layout init_layout; /* Arch-specific module values */ struct mod_arch_specific arch; unsigned long taints; /* same bits as kernel:taint_flags */ #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG /* Support for BUG */ unsigned num_bugs; struct list_head bug_list; struct bug_entry *bug_table; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS /* Protected by RCU and/or module_mutex: use rcu_dereference() */ struct mod_kallsyms __rcu *kallsyms; struct mod_kallsyms core_kallsyms; /* Section attributes */ struct module_sect_attrs *sect_attrs; /* Notes attributes */ struct module_notes_attrs *notes_attrs; #endif /* The command line arguments (may be mangled). People like keeping pointers to this stuff */ char *args; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* Per-cpu data. */ void __percpu *percpu; unsigned int percpu_size; #endif void *noinstr_text_start; unsigned int noinstr_text_size; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS unsigned int num_tracepoints; tracepoint_ptr_t *tracepoints_ptrs; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_SRCU unsigned int num_srcu_structs; struct srcu_struct **srcu_struct_ptrs; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_EVENTS unsigned int num_bpf_raw_events; struct bpf_raw_event_map *bpf_raw_events; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL struct jump_entry *jump_entries; unsigned int num_jump_entries; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING unsigned int num_trace_bprintk_fmt; const char **trace_bprintk_fmt_start; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_EVENT_TRACING struct trace_event_call **trace_events; unsigned int num_trace_events; struct trace_eval_map **trace_evals; unsigned int num_trace_evals; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_MCOUNT_RECORD unsigned int num_ftrace_callsites; unsigned long *ftrace_callsites; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES void *kprobes_text_start; unsigned int kprobes_text_size; unsigned long *kprobe_blacklist; unsigned int num_kprobe_blacklist; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_STATIC_CALL_INLINE int num_static_call_sites; struct static_call_site *static_call_sites; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH bool klp; /* Is this a livepatch module? */ bool klp_alive; /* Elf information */ struct klp_modinfo *klp_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD /* What modules depend on me? */ struct list_head source_list; /* What modules do I depend on? */ struct list_head target_list; /* Destruction function. */ void (*exit)(void); atomic_t refcnt; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CONSTRUCTORS /* Constructor functions. */ ctor_fn_t *ctors; unsigned int num_ctors; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_ERROR_INJECTION struct error_injection_entry *ei_funcs; unsigned int num_ei_funcs; #endif } ____cacheline_aligned __randomize_layout; #ifndef MODULE_ARCH_INIT #define MODULE_ARCH_INIT {} #endif #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_KALLSYMS_SYMBOL_VALUE static inline unsigned long kallsyms_symbol_value(const Elf_Sym *sym) { return sym->st_value; } #endif extern struct mutex module_mutex; /* FIXME: It'd be nice to isolate modules during init, too, so they aren't used before they (may) fail. But presently too much code (IDE & SCSI) require entry into the module during init.*/ static inline bool module_is_live(struct module *mod) { return mod->state != MODULE_STATE_GOING; } struct module *__module_text_address(unsigned long addr); struct module *__module_address(unsigned long addr); bool is_module_address(unsigned long addr); bool __is_module_percpu_address(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *can_addr); bool is_module_percpu_address(unsigned long addr); bool is_module_text_address(unsigned long addr); static inline bool within_module_core(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return (unsigned long)mod->core_layout.base <= addr && addr < (unsigned long)mod->core_layout.base + mod->core_layout.size; } static inline bool within_module_init(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return (unsigned long)mod->init_layout.base <= addr && addr < (unsigned long)mod->init_layout.base + mod->init_layout.size; } static inline bool within_module(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return within_module_init(addr, mod) || within_module_core(addr, mod); } /* Search for module by name: must hold module_mutex. */ struct module *find_module(const char *name); struct symsearch { const struct kernel_symbol *start, *stop; const s32 *crcs; enum mod_license { NOT_GPL_ONLY, GPL_ONLY, WILL_BE_GPL_ONLY, } license; bool unused; }; /* Returns 0 and fills in value, defined and namebuf, or -ERANGE if symnum out of range. */ int module_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *name, char *module_name, int *exported); /* Look for this name: can be of form module:name. */ unsigned long module_kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name); int module_kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *, struct module *, unsigned long), void *data); extern void __noreturn __module_put_and_exit(struct module *mod, long code); #define module_put_and_exit(code) __module_put_and_exit(THIS_MODULE, code) #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD int module_refcount(struct module *mod); void __symbol_put(const char *symbol); #define symbol_put(x) __symbol_put(__stringify(x)) void symbol_put_addr(void *addr); /* Sometimes we know we already have a refcount, and it's easier not to handle the error case (which only happens with rmmod --wait). */ extern void __module_get(struct module *module); /* This is the Right Way to get a module: if it fails, it's being removed, * so pretend it's not there. */ extern bool try_module_get(struct module *module); extern void module_put(struct module *module); #else /*!CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD*/ static inline bool try_module_get(struct module *module) { return !module || module_is_live(module); } static inline void module_put(struct module *module) { } static inline void __module_get(struct module *module) { } #define symbol_put(x) do { } while (0) #define symbol_put_addr(p) do { } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD */ /* This is a #define so the string doesn't get put in every .o file */ #define module_name(mod) \ ({ \ struct module *__mod = (mod); \ __mod ? __mod->name : "kernel"; \ }) /* Dereference module function descriptor */ void *dereference_module_function_descriptor(struct module *mod, void *ptr); /* For kallsyms to ask for address resolution. namebuf should be at * least KSYM_NAME_LEN long: a pointer to namebuf is returned if * found, otherwise NULL. */ const char *module_address_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset, char **modname, char *namebuf); int lookup_module_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname); int lookup_module_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name); int register_module_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int unregister_module_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); extern void print_modules(void); static inline bool module_requested_async_probing(struct module *module) { return module && module->async_probe_requested; } #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH static inline bool is_livepatch_module(struct module *mod) { return mod->klp; } #else /* !CONFIG_LIVEPATCH */ static inline bool is_livepatch_module(struct module *mod) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_LIVEPATCH */ bool is_module_sig_enforced(void); void set_module_sig_enforced(void); #else /* !CONFIG_MODULES... */ static inline struct module *__module_address(unsigned long addr) { return NULL; } static inline struct module *__module_text_address(unsigned long addr) { return NULL; } static inline bool is_module_address(unsigned long addr) { return false; } static inline bool is_module_percpu_address(unsigned long addr) { return false; } static inline bool __is_module_percpu_address(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *can_addr) { return false; } static inline bool is_module_text_address(unsigned long addr) { return false; } static inline bool within_module_core(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return false; } static inline bool within_module_init(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return false; } static inline bool within_module(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod) { return false; } /* Get/put a kernel symbol (calls should be symmetric) */ #define symbol_get(x) ({ extern typeof(x) x __attribute__((weak,visibility("hidden"))); &(x); }) #define symbol_put(x) do { } while (0) #define symbol_put_addr(x) do { } while (0) static inline void __module_get(struct module *module) { } static inline bool try_module_get(struct module *module) { return true; } static inline void module_put(struct module *module) { } #define module_name(mod) "kernel" /* For kallsyms to ask for address resolution. NULL means not found. */ static inline const char *module_address_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset, char **modname, char *namebuf) { return NULL; } static inline int lookup_module_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname) { return -ERANGE; } static inline int lookup_module_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name) { return -ERANGE; } static inline int module_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *name, char *module_name, int *exported) { return -ERANGE; } static inline unsigned long module_kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name) { return 0; } static inline int module_kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *, struct module *, unsigned long), void *data) { return 0; } static inline int register_module_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { /* no events will happen anyway, so this can always succeed */ return 0; } static inline int unregister_module_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { return 0; } #define module_put_and_exit(code) do_exit(code) static inline void print_modules(void) { } static inline bool module_requested_async_probing(struct module *module) { return false; } static inline bool is_module_sig_enforced(void) { return false; } static inline void set_module_sig_enforced(void) { } /* Dereference module function descriptor */ static inline void *dereference_module_function_descriptor(struct module *mod, void *ptr) { return ptr; } #endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */ #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS extern struct kset *module_kset; extern struct kobj_type module_ktype; extern int module_sysfs_initialized; #endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */ #define symbol_request(x) try_then_request_module(symbol_get(x), "symbol:" #x) /* BELOW HERE ALL THESE ARE OBSOLETE AND WILL VANISH */ #define __MODULE_STRING(x) __stringify(x) #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG void module_bug_finalize(const Elf_Ehdr *, const Elf_Shdr *, struct module *); void module_bug_cleanup(struct module *); #else /* !CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG */ static inline void module_bug_finalize(const Elf_Ehdr *hdr, const Elf_Shdr *sechdrs, struct module *mod) { } static inline void module_bug_cleanup(struct module *mod) {} #endif /* CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG */ #ifdef CONFIG_RETPOLINE extern bool retpoline_module_ok(bool has_retpoline); #else static inline bool retpoline_module_ok(bool has_retpoline) { return true; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG static inline bool module_sig_ok(struct module *module) { return module->sig_ok; } #else /* !CONFIG_MODULE_SIG */ static inline bool module_sig_ok(struct module *module) { return true; } #endif /* CONFIG_MODULE_SIG */ #endif /* _LINUX_MODULE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * SR-IPv6 implementation * * Author: * David Lebrun <david.lebrun@uclouvain.be> */ #ifndef _NET_SEG6_H #define _NET_SEG6_H #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/seg6.h> #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> static inline void update_csum_diff4(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 from, __be32 to) { __be32 diff[] = { ~from, to }; skb->csum = ~csum_partial((char *)diff, sizeof(diff), ~skb->csum); } static inline void update_csum_diff16(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 *from, __be32 *to) { __be32 diff[] = { ~from[0], ~from[1], ~from[2], ~from[3], to[0], to[1], to[2], to[3], }; skb->csum = ~csum_partial((char *)diff, sizeof(diff), ~skb->csum); } struct seg6_pernet_data { struct mutex lock; struct in6_addr __rcu *tun_src; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SEG6_HMAC struct rhashtable hmac_infos; #endif }; static inline struct seg6_pernet_data *seg6_pernet(struct net *net) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) return net->ipv6.seg6_data; #else return NULL; #endif } extern int seg6_init(void); extern void seg6_exit(void); extern int seg6_iptunnel_init(void); extern void seg6_iptunnel_exit(void); extern int seg6_local_init(void); extern void seg6_local_exit(void); extern bool seg6_validate_srh(struct ipv6_sr_hdr *srh, int len, bool reduced); extern int seg6_do_srh_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_sr_hdr *osrh, int proto); extern int seg6_do_srh_inline(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_sr_hdr *osrh); extern int seg6_lookup_nexthop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct in6_addr *nhaddr, u32 tbl_id); #endif
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2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 2095 2096 2097 2098 2099 2100 2101 2102 2103 2104 2105 2106 2107 2108 2109 2110 2111 2112 2113 2114 2115 2116 2117 2118 2119 2120 2121 2122 2123 2124 2125 2126 2127 2128 2129 2130 2131 2132 2133 2134 2135 2136 2137 2138 2139 2140 2141 2142 2143 2144 2145 2146 2147 2148 2149 2150 2151 2152 2153 2154 2155 2156 2157 2158 2159 2160 2161 2162 2163 2164 2165 2166 2167 2168 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * fs/ext4/fast_commit.c * * Written by Harshad Shirwadkar <harshadshirwadkar@gmail.com> * * Ext4 fast commits routines. */ #include "ext4.h" #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "ext4_extents.h" #include "mballoc.h" /* * Ext4 Fast Commits * ----------------- * * Ext4 fast commits implement fine grained journalling for Ext4. * * Fast commits are organized as a log of tag-length-value (TLV) structs. (See * struct ext4_fc_tl). Each TLV contains some delta that is replayed TLV by * TLV during the recovery phase. For the scenarios for which we currently * don't have replay code, fast commit falls back to full commits. * Fast commits record delta in one of the following three categories. * * (A) Directory entry updates: * * - EXT4_FC_TAG_UNLINK - records directory entry unlink * - EXT4_FC_TAG_LINK - records directory entry link * - EXT4_FC_TAG_CREAT - records inode and directory entry creation * * (B) File specific data range updates: * * - EXT4_FC_TAG_ADD_RANGE - records addition of new blocks to an inode * - EXT4_FC_TAG_DEL_RANGE - records deletion of blocks from an inode * * (C) Inode metadata (mtime / ctime etc): * * - EXT4_FC_TAG_INODE - record the inode that should be replayed * during recovery. Note that iblocks field is * not replayed and instead derived during * replay. * Commit Operation * ---------------- * With fast commits, we maintain all the directory entry operations in the * order in which they are issued in an in-memory queue. This queue is flushed * to disk during the commit operation. We also maintain a list of inodes * that need to be committed during a fast commit in another in memory queue of * inodes. During the commit operation, we commit in the following order: * * [1] Lock inodes for any further data updates by setting COMMITTING state * [2] Submit data buffers of all the inodes * [3] Wait for [2] to complete * [4] Commit all the directory entry updates in the fast commit space * [5] Commit all the changed inode structures * [6] Write tail tag (this tag ensures the atomicity, please read the following * section for more details). * [7] Wait for [4], [5] and [6] to complete. * * All the inode updates must call ext4_fc_start_update() before starting an * update. If such an ongoing update is present, fast commit waits for it to * complete. The completion of such an update is marked by * ext4_fc_stop_update(). * * Fast Commit Ineligibility * ------------------------- * Not all operations are supported by fast commits today (e.g extended * attributes). Fast commit ineligiblity is marked by calling one of the * two following functions: * * - ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(): This makes next fast commit operation to fall * back to full commit. This is useful in case of transient errors. * * - ext4_fc_start_ineligible() and ext4_fc_stop_ineligible() - This makes all * the fast commits happening between ext4_fc_start_ineligible() and * ext4_fc_stop_ineligible() and one fast commit after the call to * ext4_fc_stop_ineligible() to fall back to full commits. It is important to * make one more fast commit to fall back to full commit after stop call so * that it guaranteed that the fast commit ineligible operation contained * within ext4_fc_start_ineligible() and ext4_fc_stop_ineligible() is * followed by at least 1 full commit. * * Atomicity of commits * -------------------- * In order to guarantee atomicity during the commit operation, fast commit * uses "EXT4_FC_TAG_TAIL" tag that marks a fast commit as complete. Tail * tag contains CRC of the contents and TID of the transaction after which * this fast commit should be applied. Recovery code replays fast commit * logs only if there's at least 1 valid tail present. For every fast commit * operation, there is 1 tail. This means, we may end up with multiple tails * in the fast commit space. Here's an example: * * - Create a new file A and remove existing file B * - fsync() * - Append contents to file A * - Truncate file A * - fsync() * * The fast commit space at the end of above operations would look like this: * [HEAD] [CREAT A] [UNLINK B] [TAIL] [ADD_RANGE A] [DEL_RANGE A] [TAIL] * |<--- Fast Commit 1 --->|<--- Fast Commit 2 ---->| * * Replay code should thus check for all the valid tails in the FC area. * * TODOs * ----- * 1) Make fast commit atomic updates more fine grained. Today, a fast commit * eligible update must be protected within ext4_fc_start_update() and * ext4_fc_stop_update(). These routines are called at much higher * routines. This can be made more fine grained by combining with * ext4_journal_start(). * * 2) Same above for ext4_fc_start_ineligible() and ext4_fc_stop_ineligible() * * 3) Handle more ineligible cases. */ #include <trace/events/ext4.h> static struct kmem_cache *ext4_fc_dentry_cachep; static void ext4_end_buffer_io_sync(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate) { BUFFER_TRACE(bh, ""); if (uptodate) { ext4_debug("%s: Block %lld up-to-date", __func__, bh->b_blocknr); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); } else { ext4_debug("%s: Block %lld not up-to-date", __func__, bh->b_blocknr); clear_buffer_uptodate(bh); } unlock_buffer(bh); } static inline void ext4_fc_reset_inode(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); ei->i_fc_lblk_start = 0; ei->i_fc_lblk_len = 0; } void ext4_fc_init_inode(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); ext4_fc_reset_inode(inode); ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ei->i_fc_list); init_waitqueue_head(&ei->i_fc_wait); atomic_set(&ei->i_fc_updates, 0); } /* This function must be called with sbi->s_fc_lock held. */ static void ext4_fc_wait_committing_inode(struct inode *inode) __releases(&EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_fc_lock) { wait_queue_head_t *wq; struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64) DEFINE_WAIT_BIT(wait, &ei->i_state_flags, EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING); wq = bit_waitqueue(&ei->i_state_flags, EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING); #else DEFINE_WAIT_BIT(wait, &ei->i_flags, EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING); wq = bit_waitqueue(&ei->i_flags, EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING); #endif lockdep_assert_held(&EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_fc_lock); prepare_to_wait(wq, &wait.wq_entry, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); spin_unlock(&EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_fc_lock); schedule(); finish_wait(wq, &wait.wq_entry); } /* * Inform Ext4's fast about start of an inode update * * This function is called by the high level call VFS callbacks before * performing any inode update. This function blocks if there's an ongoing * fast commit on the inode in question. */ void ext4_fc_start_update(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); if (!test_opt2(inode->i_sb, JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT) || (EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY)) return; restart: spin_lock(&EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_fc_lock); if (list_empty(&ei->i_fc_list)) goto out; if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING)) { ext4_fc_wait_committing_inode(inode); goto restart; } out: atomic_inc(&ei->i_fc_updates); spin_unlock(&EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_fc_lock); } /* * Stop inode update and wake up waiting fast commits if any. */ void ext4_fc_stop_update(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); if (!test_opt2(inode->i_sb, JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT) || (EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY)) return; if (atomic_dec_and_test(&ei->i_fc_updates)) wake_up_all(&ei->i_fc_wait); } /* * Remove inode from fast commit list. If the inode is being committed * we wait until inode commit is done. */ void ext4_fc_del(struct inode *inode) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); if (!test_opt2(inode->i_sb, JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT) || (EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY)) return; restart: spin_lock(&EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_fc_lock); if (list_empty(&ei->i_fc_list)) { spin_unlock(&EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_fc_lock); return; } if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING)) { ext4_fc_wait_committing_inode(inode); goto restart; } list_del_init(&ei->i_fc_list); spin_unlock(&EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_fc_lock); } /* * Mark file system as fast commit ineligible. This means that next commit * operation would result in a full jbd2 commit. */ void ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(struct super_block *sb, int reason) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (!test_opt2(sb, JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT) || (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY)) return; ext4_set_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FC_INELIGIBLE); WARN_ON(reason >= EXT4_FC_REASON_MAX); sbi->s_fc_stats.fc_ineligible_reason_count[reason]++; } /* * Start a fast commit ineligible update. Any commits that happen while * such an operation is in progress fall back to full commits. */ void ext4_fc_start_ineligible(struct super_block *sb, int reason) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (!test_opt2(sb, JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT) || (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY)) return; WARN_ON(reason >= EXT4_FC_REASON_MAX); sbi->s_fc_stats.fc_ineligible_reason_count[reason]++; atomic_inc(&sbi->s_fc_ineligible_updates); } /* * Stop a fast commit ineligible update. We set EXT4_MF_FC_INELIGIBLE flag here * to ensure that after stopping the ineligible update, at least one full * commit takes place. */ void ext4_fc_stop_ineligible(struct super_block *sb) { if (!test_opt2(sb, JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT) || (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY)) return; ext4_set_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FC_INELIGIBLE); atomic_dec(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_fc_ineligible_updates); } static inline int ext4_fc_is_ineligible(struct super_block *sb) { return (ext4_test_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FC_INELIGIBLE) || atomic_read(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_fc_ineligible_updates)); } /* * Generic fast commit tracking function. If this is the first time this we are * called after a full commit, we initialize fast commit fields and then call * __fc_track_fn() with update = 0. If we have already been called after a full * commit, we pass update = 1. Based on that, the track function can determine * if it needs to track a field for the first time or if it needs to just * update the previously tracked value. * * If enqueue is set, this function enqueues the inode in fast commit list. */ static int ext4_fc_track_template( handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int (*__fc_track_fn)(struct inode *, void *, bool), void *args, int enqueue) { bool update = false; struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); tid_t tid = 0; int ret; if (!test_opt2(inode->i_sb, JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT) || (sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (ext4_fc_is_ineligible(inode->i_sb)) return -EINVAL; tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid; mutex_lock(&ei->i_fc_lock); if (tid == ei->i_sync_tid) { update = true; } else { ext4_fc_reset_inode(inode); ei->i_sync_tid = tid; } ret = __fc_track_fn(inode, args, update); mutex_unlock(&ei->i_fc_lock); if (!enqueue) return ret; spin_lock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); if (list_empty(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_fc_list)) list_add_tail(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_fc_list, (ext4_test_mount_flag(inode->i_sb, EXT4_MF_FC_COMMITTING)) ? &sbi->s_fc_q[FC_Q_STAGING] : &sbi->s_fc_q[FC_Q_MAIN]); spin_unlock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); return ret; } struct __track_dentry_update_args { struct dentry *dentry; int op; }; /* __track_fn for directory entry updates. Called with ei->i_fc_lock. */ static int __track_dentry_update(struct inode *inode, void *arg, bool update) { struct ext4_fc_dentry_update *node; struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct __track_dentry_update_args *dentry_update = (struct __track_dentry_update_args *)arg; struct dentry *dentry = dentry_update->dentry; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); mutex_unlock(&ei->i_fc_lock); node = kmem_cache_alloc(ext4_fc_dentry_cachep, GFP_NOFS); if (!node) { ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(inode->i_sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_NOMEM); mutex_lock(&ei->i_fc_lock); return -ENOMEM; } node->fcd_op = dentry_update->op; node->fcd_parent = dentry->d_parent->d_inode->i_ino; node->fcd_ino = inode->i_ino; if (dentry->d_name.len > DNAME_INLINE_LEN) { node->fcd_name.name = kmalloc(dentry->d_name.len, GFP_NOFS); if (!node->fcd_name.name) { kmem_cache_free(ext4_fc_dentry_cachep, node); ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(inode->i_sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_NOMEM); mutex_lock(&ei->i_fc_lock); return -ENOMEM; } memcpy((u8 *)node->fcd_name.name, dentry->d_name.name, dentry->d_name.len); } else { memcpy(node->fcd_iname, dentry->d_name.name, dentry->d_name.len); node->fcd_name.name = node->fcd_iname; } node->fcd_name.len = dentry->d_name.len; spin_lock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); if (ext4_test_mount_flag(inode->i_sb, EXT4_MF_FC_COMMITTING)) list_add_tail(&node->fcd_list, &sbi->s_fc_dentry_q[FC_Q_STAGING]); else list_add_tail(&node->fcd_list, &sbi->s_fc_dentry_q[FC_Q_MAIN]); spin_unlock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); mutex_lock(&ei->i_fc_lock); return 0; } void __ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { struct __track_dentry_update_args args; int ret; args.dentry = dentry; args.op = EXT4_FC_TAG_UNLINK; ret = ext4_fc_track_template(handle, inode, __track_dentry_update, (void *)&args, 0); trace_ext4_fc_track_unlink(inode, dentry, ret); } void ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry) { __ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle, d_inode(dentry), dentry); } void __ext4_fc_track_link(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { struct __track_dentry_update_args args; int ret; args.dentry = dentry; args.op = EXT4_FC_TAG_LINK; ret = ext4_fc_track_template(handle, inode, __track_dentry_update, (void *)&args, 0); trace_ext4_fc_track_link(inode, dentry, ret); } void ext4_fc_track_link(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry) { __ext4_fc_track_link(handle, d_inode(dentry), dentry); } void __ext4_fc_track_create(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { struct __track_dentry_update_args args; int ret; args.dentry = dentry; args.op = EXT4_FC_TAG_CREAT; ret = ext4_fc_track_template(handle, inode, __track_dentry_update, (void *)&args, 0); trace_ext4_fc_track_create(inode, dentry, ret); } void ext4_fc_track_create(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry) { __ext4_fc_track_create(handle, d_inode(dentry), dentry); } /* __track_fn for inode tracking */ static int __track_inode(struct inode *inode, void *arg, bool update) { if (update) return -EEXIST; EXT4_I(inode)->i_fc_lblk_len = 0; return 0; } void ext4_fc_track_inode(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode) { int ret; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return; if (ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) { ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(inode->i_sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA); return; } ret = ext4_fc_track_template(handle, inode, __track_inode, NULL, 1); trace_ext4_fc_track_inode(inode, ret); } struct __track_range_args { ext4_lblk_t start, end; }; /* __track_fn for tracking data updates */ static int __track_range(struct inode *inode, void *arg, bool update) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); ext4_lblk_t oldstart; struct __track_range_args *__arg = (struct __track_range_args *)arg; if (inode->i_ino < EXT4_FIRST_INO(inode->i_sb)) { ext4_debug("Special inode %ld being modified\n", inode->i_ino); return -ECANCELED; } oldstart = ei->i_fc_lblk_start; if (update && ei->i_fc_lblk_len > 0) { ei->i_fc_lblk_start = min(ei->i_fc_lblk_start, __arg->start); ei->i_fc_lblk_len = max(oldstart + ei->i_fc_lblk_len - 1, __arg->end) - ei->i_fc_lblk_start + 1; } else { ei->i_fc_lblk_start = __arg->start; ei->i_fc_lblk_len = __arg->end - __arg->start + 1; } return 0; } void ext4_fc_track_range(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end) { struct __track_range_args args; int ret; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return; args.start = start; args.end = end; ret = ext4_fc_track_template(handle, inode, __track_range, &args, 1); trace_ext4_fc_track_range(inode, start, end, ret); } static void ext4_fc_submit_bh(struct super_block *sb) { int write_flags = REQ_SYNC; struct buffer_head *bh = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_fc_bh; /* TODO: REQ_FUA | REQ_PREFLUSH is unnecessarily expensive. */ if (test_opt(sb, BARRIER)) write_flags |= REQ_FUA | REQ_PREFLUSH; lock_buffer(bh); set_buffer_dirty(bh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); bh->b_end_io = ext4_end_buffer_io_sync; submit_bh(REQ_OP_WRITE, write_flags, bh); EXT4_SB(sb)->s_fc_bh = NULL; } /* Ext4 commit path routines */ /* memzero and update CRC */ static void *ext4_fc_memzero(struct super_block *sb, void *dst, int len, u32 *crc) { void *ret; ret = memset(dst, 0, len); if (crc) *crc = ext4_chksum(EXT4_SB(sb), *crc, dst, len); return ret; } /* * Allocate len bytes on a fast commit buffer. * * During the commit time this function is used to manage fast commit * block space. We don't split a fast commit log onto different * blocks. So this function makes sure that if there's not enough space * on the current block, the remaining space in the current block is * marked as unused by adding EXT4_FC_TAG_PAD tag. In that case, * new block is from jbd2 and CRC is updated to reflect the padding * we added. */ static u8 *ext4_fc_reserve_space(struct super_block *sb, int len, u32 *crc) { struct ext4_fc_tl *tl; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct buffer_head *bh; int bsize = sbi->s_journal->j_blocksize; int ret, off = sbi->s_fc_bytes % bsize; int pad_len; /* * After allocating len, we should have space at least for a 0 byte * padding. */ if (len + sizeof(struct ext4_fc_tl) > bsize) return NULL; if (bsize - off - 1 > len + sizeof(struct ext4_fc_tl)) { /* * Only allocate from current buffer if we have enough space for * this request AND we have space to add a zero byte padding. */ if (!sbi->s_fc_bh) { ret = jbd2_fc_get_buf(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal, &bh); if (ret) return NULL; sbi->s_fc_bh = bh; } sbi->s_fc_bytes += len; return sbi->s_fc_bh->b_data + off; } /* Need to add PAD tag */ tl = (struct ext4_fc_tl *)(sbi->s_fc_bh->b_data + off); tl->fc_tag = cpu_to_le16(EXT4_FC_TAG_PAD); pad_len = bsize - off - 1 - sizeof(struct ext4_fc_tl); tl->fc_len = cpu_to_le16(pad_len); if (crc) *crc = ext4_chksum(sbi, *crc, tl, sizeof(*tl)); if (pad_len > 0) ext4_fc_memzero(sb, tl + 1, pad_len, crc); ext4_fc_submit_bh(sb); ret = jbd2_fc_get_buf(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal, &bh); if (ret) return NULL; sbi->s_fc_bh = bh; sbi->s_fc_bytes = (sbi->s_fc_bytes / bsize + 1) * bsize + len; return sbi->s_fc_bh->b_data; } /* memcpy to fc reserved space and update CRC */ static void *ext4_fc_memcpy(struct super_block *sb, void *dst, const void *src, int len, u32 *crc) { if (crc) *crc = ext4_chksum(EXT4_SB(sb), *crc, src, len); return memcpy(dst, src, len); } /* * Complete a fast commit by writing tail tag. * * Writing tail tag marks the end of a fast commit. In order to guarantee * atomicity, after writing tail tag, even if there's space remaining * in the block, next commit shouldn't use it. That's why tail tag * has the length as that of the remaining space on the block. */ static int ext4_fc_write_tail(struct super_block *sb, u32 crc) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_fc_tl tl; struct ext4_fc_tail tail; int off, bsize = sbi->s_journal->j_blocksize; u8 *dst; /* * ext4_fc_reserve_space takes care of allocating an extra block if * there's no enough space on this block for accommodating this tail. */ dst = ext4_fc_reserve_space(sb, sizeof(tl) + sizeof(tail), &crc); if (!dst) return -ENOSPC; off = sbi->s_fc_bytes % bsize; tl.fc_tag = cpu_to_le16(EXT4_FC_TAG_TAIL); tl.fc_len = cpu_to_le16(bsize - off - 1 + sizeof(struct ext4_fc_tail)); sbi->s_fc_bytes = round_up(sbi->s_fc_bytes, bsize); ext4_fc_memcpy(sb, dst, &tl, sizeof(tl), &crc); dst += sizeof(tl); tail.fc_tid = cpu_to_le32(sbi->s_journal->j_running_transaction->t_tid); ext4_fc_memcpy(sb, dst, &tail.fc_tid, sizeof(tail.fc_tid), &crc); dst += sizeof(tail.fc_tid); tail.fc_crc = cpu_to_le32(crc); ext4_fc_memcpy(sb, dst, &tail.fc_crc, sizeof(tail.fc_crc), NULL); ext4_fc_submit_bh(sb); return 0; } /* * Adds tag, length, value and updates CRC. Returns true if tlv was added. * Returns false if there's not enough space. */ static bool ext4_fc_add_tlv(struct super_block *sb, u16 tag, u16 len, u8 *val, u32 *crc) { struct ext4_fc_tl tl; u8 *dst; dst = ext4_fc_reserve_space(sb, sizeof(tl) + len, crc); if (!dst) return false; tl.fc_tag = cpu_to_le16(tag); tl.fc_len = cpu_to_le16(len); ext4_fc_memcpy(sb, dst, &tl, sizeof(tl), crc); ext4_fc_memcpy(sb, dst + sizeof(tl), val, len, crc); return true; } /* Same as above, but adds dentry tlv. */ static bool ext4_fc_add_dentry_tlv(struct super_block *sb, u16 tag, int parent_ino, int ino, int dlen, const unsigned char *dname, u32 *crc) { struct ext4_fc_dentry_info fcd; struct ext4_fc_tl tl; u8 *dst = ext4_fc_reserve_space(sb, sizeof(tl) + sizeof(fcd) + dlen, crc); if (!dst) return false; fcd.fc_parent_ino = cpu_to_le32(parent_ino); fcd.fc_ino = cpu_to_le32(ino); tl.fc_tag = cpu_to_le16(tag); tl.fc_len = cpu_to_le16(sizeof(fcd) + dlen); ext4_fc_memcpy(sb, dst, &tl, sizeof(tl), crc); dst += sizeof(tl); ext4_fc_memcpy(sb, dst, &fcd, sizeof(fcd), crc); dst += sizeof(fcd); ext4_fc_memcpy(sb, dst, dname, dlen, crc); dst += dlen; return true; } /* * Writes inode in the fast commit space under TLV with tag @tag. * Returns 0 on success, error on failure. */ static int ext4_fc_write_inode(struct inode *inode, u32 *crc) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); int inode_len = EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE; int ret; struct ext4_iloc iloc; struct ext4_fc_inode fc_inode; struct ext4_fc_tl tl; u8 *dst; ret = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc); if (ret) return ret; if (EXT4_INODE_SIZE(inode->i_sb) > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE) inode_len += ei->i_extra_isize; fc_inode.fc_ino = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino); tl.fc_tag = cpu_to_le16(EXT4_FC_TAG_INODE); tl.fc_len = cpu_to_le16(inode_len + sizeof(fc_inode.fc_ino)); dst = ext4_fc_reserve_space(inode->i_sb, sizeof(tl) + inode_len + sizeof(fc_inode.fc_ino), crc); if (!dst) return -ECANCELED; if (!ext4_fc_memcpy(inode->i_sb, dst, &tl, sizeof(tl), crc)) return -ECANCELED; dst += sizeof(tl); if (!ext4_fc_memcpy(inode->i_sb, dst, &fc_inode, sizeof(fc_inode), crc)) return -ECANCELED; dst += sizeof(fc_inode); if (!ext4_fc_memcpy(inode->i_sb, dst, (u8 *)ext4_raw_inode(&iloc), inode_len, crc)) return -ECANCELED; return 0; } /* * Writes updated data ranges for the inode in question. Updates CRC. * Returns 0 on success, error otherwise. */ static int ext4_fc_write_inode_data(struct inode *inode, u32 *crc) { ext4_lblk_t old_blk_size, cur_lblk_off, new_blk_size; struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct ext4_map_blocks map; struct ext4_fc_add_range fc_ext; struct ext4_fc_del_range lrange; struct ext4_extent *ex; int ret; mutex_lock(&ei->i_fc_lock); if (ei->i_fc_lblk_len == 0) { mutex_unlock(&ei->i_fc_lock); return 0; } old_blk_size = ei->i_fc_lblk_start; new_blk_size = ei->i_fc_lblk_start + ei->i_fc_lblk_len - 1; ei->i_fc_lblk_len = 0; mutex_unlock(&ei->i_fc_lock); cur_lblk_off = old_blk_size; jbd_debug(1, "%s: will try writing %d to %d for inode %ld\n", __func__, cur_lblk_off, new_blk_size, inode->i_ino); while (cur_lblk_off <= new_blk_size) { map.m_lblk = cur_lblk_off; map.m_len = new_blk_size - cur_lblk_off + 1; ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret < 0) return -ECANCELED; if (map.m_len == 0) { cur_lblk_off++; continue; } if (ret == 0) { lrange.fc_ino = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino); lrange.fc_lblk = cpu_to_le32(map.m_lblk); lrange.fc_len = cpu_to_le32(map.m_len); if (!ext4_fc_add_tlv(inode->i_sb, EXT4_FC_TAG_DEL_RANGE, sizeof(lrange), (u8 *)&lrange, crc)) return -ENOSPC; } else { unsigned int max = (map.m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN) ? EXT_UNWRITTEN_MAX_LEN : EXT_INIT_MAX_LEN; /* Limit the number of blocks in one extent */ map.m_len = min(max, map.m_len); fc_ext.fc_ino = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino); ex = (struct ext4_extent *)&fc_ext.fc_ex; ex->ee_block = cpu_to_le32(map.m_lblk); ex->ee_len = cpu_to_le16(map.m_len); ext4_ext_store_pblock(ex, map.m_pblk); if (map.m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(ex); else ext4_ext_mark_initialized(ex); if (!ext4_fc_add_tlv(inode->i_sb, EXT4_FC_TAG_ADD_RANGE, sizeof(fc_ext), (u8 *)&fc_ext, crc)) return -ENOSPC; } cur_lblk_off += map.m_len; } return 0; } /* Submit data for all the fast commit inodes */ static int ext4_fc_submit_inode_data_all(journal_t *journal) { struct super_block *sb = (struct super_block *)(journal->j_private); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei; struct list_head *pos; int ret = 0; spin_lock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); ext4_set_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FC_COMMITTING); list_for_each(pos, &sbi->s_fc_q[FC_Q_MAIN]) { ei = list_entry(pos, struct ext4_inode_info, i_fc_list); ext4_set_inode_state(&ei->vfs_inode, EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING); while (atomic_read(&ei->i_fc_updates)) { DEFINE_WAIT(wait); prepare_to_wait(&ei->i_fc_wait, &wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); if (atomic_read(&ei->i_fc_updates)) { spin_unlock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); schedule(); spin_lock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); } finish_wait(&ei->i_fc_wait, &wait); } spin_unlock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); ret = jbd2_submit_inode_data(ei->jinode); if (ret) return ret; spin_lock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); } spin_unlock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); return ret; } /* Wait for completion of data for all the fast commit inodes */ static int ext4_fc_wait_inode_data_all(journal_t *journal) { struct super_block *sb = (struct super_block *)(journal->j_private); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_inode_info *pos, *n; int ret = 0; spin_lock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, &sbi->s_fc_q[FC_Q_MAIN], i_fc_list) { if (!ext4_test_inode_state(&pos->vfs_inode, EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING)) continue; spin_unlock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); ret = jbd2_wait_inode_data(journal, pos->jinode); if (ret) return ret; spin_lock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); } spin_unlock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); return 0; } /* Commit all the directory entry updates */ static int ext4_fc_commit_dentry_updates(journal_t *journal, u32 *crc) __acquires(&sbi->s_fc_lock) __releases(&sbi->s_fc_lock) { struct super_block *sb = (struct super_block *)(journal->j_private); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_fc_dentry_update *fc_dentry; struct inode *inode; struct list_head *pos, *n, *fcd_pos, *fcd_n; struct ext4_inode_info *ei; int ret; if (list_empty(&sbi->s_fc_dentry_q[FC_Q_MAIN])) return 0; list_for_each_safe(fcd_pos, fcd_n, &sbi->s_fc_dentry_q[FC_Q_MAIN]) { fc_dentry = list_entry(fcd_pos, struct ext4_fc_dentry_update, fcd_list); if (fc_dentry->fcd_op != EXT4_FC_TAG_CREAT) { spin_unlock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); if (!ext4_fc_add_dentry_tlv( sb, fc_dentry->fcd_op, fc_dentry->fcd_parent, fc_dentry->fcd_ino, fc_dentry->fcd_name.len, fc_dentry->fcd_name.name, crc)) { ret = -ENOSPC; goto lock_and_exit; } spin_lock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); continue; } inode = NULL; list_for_each_safe(pos, n, &sbi->s_fc_q[FC_Q_MAIN]) { ei = list_entry(pos, struct ext4_inode_info, i_fc_list); if (ei->vfs_inode.i_ino == fc_dentry->fcd_ino) { inode = &ei->vfs_inode; break; } } /* * If we don't find inode in our list, then it was deleted, * in which case, we don't need to record it's create tag. */ if (!inode) continue; spin_unlock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); /* * We first write the inode and then the create dirent. This * allows the recovery code to create an unnamed inode first * and then link it to a directory entry. This allows us * to use namei.c routines almost as is and simplifies * the recovery code. */ ret = ext4_fc_write_inode(inode, crc); if (ret) goto lock_and_exit; ret = ext4_fc_write_inode_data(inode, crc); if (ret) goto lock_and_exit; if (!ext4_fc_add_dentry_tlv( sb, fc_dentry->fcd_op, fc_dentry->fcd_parent, fc_dentry->fcd_ino, fc_dentry->fcd_name.len, fc_dentry->fcd_name.name, crc)) { ret = -ENOSPC; goto lock_and_exit; } spin_lock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); } return 0; lock_and_exit: spin_lock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); return ret; } static int ext4_fc_perform_commit(journal_t *journal) { struct super_block *sb = (struct super_block *)(journal->j_private); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_inode_info *iter; struct ext4_fc_head head; struct list_head *pos; struct inode *inode; struct blk_plug plug; int ret = 0; u32 crc = 0; ret = ext4_fc_submit_inode_data_all(journal); if (ret) return ret; ret = ext4_fc_wait_inode_data_all(journal); if (ret) return ret; /* * If file system device is different from journal device, issue a cache * flush before we start writing fast commit blocks. */ if (journal->j_fs_dev != journal->j_dev) blkdev_issue_flush(journal->j_fs_dev, GFP_NOFS); blk_start_plug(&plug); if (sbi->s_fc_bytes == 0) { /* * Add a head tag only if this is the first fast commit * in this TID. */ head.fc_features = cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FC_SUPPORTED_FEATURES); head.fc_tid = cpu_to_le32( sbi->s_journal->j_running_transaction->t_tid); if (!ext4_fc_add_tlv(sb, EXT4_FC_TAG_HEAD, sizeof(head), (u8 *)&head, &crc)) { ret = -ENOSPC; goto out; } } spin_lock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); ret = ext4_fc_commit_dentry_updates(journal, &crc); if (ret) { spin_unlock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); goto out; } list_for_each(pos, &sbi->s_fc_q[FC_Q_MAIN]) { iter = list_entry(pos, struct ext4_inode_info, i_fc_list); inode = &iter->vfs_inode; if (!ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING)) continue; spin_unlock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); ret = ext4_fc_write_inode_data(inode, &crc); if (ret) goto out; ret = ext4_fc_write_inode(inode, &crc); if (ret) goto out; spin_lock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); } spin_unlock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); ret = ext4_fc_write_tail(sb, crc); out: blk_finish_plug(&plug); return ret; } /* * The main commit entry point. Performs a fast commit for transaction * commit_tid if needed. If it's not possible to perform a fast commit * due to various reasons, we fall back to full commit. Returns 0 * on success, error otherwise. */ int ext4_fc_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t commit_tid) { struct super_block *sb = (struct super_block *)(journal->j_private); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); int nblks = 0, ret, bsize = journal->j_blocksize; int subtid = atomic_read(&sbi->s_fc_subtid); int reason = EXT4_FC_REASON_OK, fc_bufs_before = 0; ktime_t start_time, commit_time; trace_ext4_fc_commit_start(sb); start_time = ktime_get(); if (!test_opt2(sb, JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT) || (ext4_fc_is_ineligible(sb))) { reason = EXT4_FC_REASON_INELIGIBLE; goto out; } restart_fc: ret = jbd2_fc_begin_commit(journal, commit_tid); if (ret == -EALREADY) { /* There was an ongoing commit, check if we need to restart */ if (atomic_read(&sbi->s_fc_subtid) <= subtid && commit_tid > journal->j_commit_sequence) goto restart_fc; reason = EXT4_FC_REASON_ALREADY_COMMITTED; goto out; } else if (ret) { sbi->s_fc_stats.fc_ineligible_reason_count[EXT4_FC_COMMIT_FAILED]++; reason = EXT4_FC_REASON_FC_START_FAILED; goto out; } fc_bufs_before = (sbi->s_fc_bytes + bsize - 1) / bsize; ret = ext4_fc_perform_commit(journal); if (ret < 0) { sbi->s_fc_stats.fc_ineligible_reason_count[EXT4_FC_COMMIT_FAILED]++; reason = EXT4_FC_REASON_FC_FAILED; goto out; } nblks = (sbi->s_fc_bytes + bsize - 1) / bsize - fc_bufs_before; ret = jbd2_fc_wait_bufs(journal, nblks); if (ret < 0) { sbi->s_fc_stats.fc_ineligible_reason_count[EXT4_FC_COMMIT_FAILED]++; reason = EXT4_FC_REASON_FC_FAILED; goto out; } atomic_inc(&sbi->s_fc_subtid); jbd2_fc_end_commit(journal); out: /* Has any ineligible update happened since we started? */ if (reason == EXT4_FC_REASON_OK && ext4_fc_is_ineligible(sb)) { sbi->s_fc_stats.fc_ineligible_reason_count[EXT4_FC_COMMIT_FAILED]++; reason = EXT4_FC_REASON_INELIGIBLE; } spin_lock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); if (reason != EXT4_FC_REASON_OK && reason != EXT4_FC_REASON_ALREADY_COMMITTED) { sbi->s_fc_stats.fc_ineligible_commits++; } else { sbi->s_fc_stats.fc_num_commits++; sbi->s_fc_stats.fc_numblks += nblks; } spin_unlock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); nblks = (reason == EXT4_FC_REASON_OK) ? nblks : 0; trace_ext4_fc_commit_stop(sb, nblks, reason); commit_time = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(ktime_get(), start_time)); /* * weight the commit time higher than the average time so we don't * react too strongly to vast changes in the commit time */ if (likely(sbi->s_fc_avg_commit_time)) sbi->s_fc_avg_commit_time = (commit_time + sbi->s_fc_avg_commit_time * 3) / 4; else sbi->s_fc_avg_commit_time = commit_time; jbd_debug(1, "Fast commit ended with blks = %d, reason = %d, subtid - %d", nblks, reason, subtid); if (reason == EXT4_FC_REASON_FC_FAILED) return jbd2_fc_end_commit_fallback(journal); if (reason == EXT4_FC_REASON_FC_START_FAILED || reason == EXT4_FC_REASON_INELIGIBLE) return jbd2_complete_transaction(journal, commit_tid); return 0; } /* * Fast commit cleanup routine. This is called after every fast commit and * full commit. full is true if we are called after a full commit. */ static void ext4_fc_cleanup(journal_t *journal, int full) { struct super_block *sb = journal->j_private; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_inode_info *iter; struct ext4_fc_dentry_update *fc_dentry; struct list_head *pos, *n; if (full && sbi->s_fc_bh) sbi->s_fc_bh = NULL; jbd2_fc_release_bufs(journal); spin_lock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); list_for_each_safe(pos, n, &sbi->s_fc_q[FC_Q_MAIN]) { iter = list_entry(pos, struct ext4_inode_info, i_fc_list); list_del_init(&iter->i_fc_list); ext4_clear_inode_state(&iter->vfs_inode, EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING); ext4_fc_reset_inode(&iter->vfs_inode); /* Make sure EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING bit is clear */ smp_mb(); #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64) wake_up_bit(&iter->i_state_flags, EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING); #else wake_up_bit(&iter->i_flags, EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING); #endif } while (!list_empty(&sbi->s_fc_dentry_q[FC_Q_MAIN])) { fc_dentry = list_first_entry(&sbi->s_fc_dentry_q[FC_Q_MAIN], struct ext4_fc_dentry_update, fcd_list); list_del_init(&fc_dentry->fcd_list); spin_unlock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); if (fc_dentry->fcd_name.name && fc_dentry->fcd_name.len > DNAME_INLINE_LEN) kfree(fc_dentry->fcd_name.name); kmem_cache_free(ext4_fc_dentry_cachep, fc_dentry); spin_lock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); } list_splice_init(&sbi->s_fc_dentry_q[FC_Q_STAGING], &sbi->s_fc_dentry_q[FC_Q_MAIN]); list_splice_init(&sbi->s_fc_q[FC_Q_STAGING], &sbi->s_fc_q[FC_Q_MAIN]); ext4_clear_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FC_COMMITTING); ext4_clear_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FC_INELIGIBLE); if (full) sbi->s_fc_bytes = 0; spin_unlock(&sbi->s_fc_lock); trace_ext4_fc_stats(sb); } /* Ext4 Replay Path Routines */ /* Helper struct for dentry replay routines */ struct dentry_info_args { int parent_ino, dname_len, ino, inode_len; char *dname; }; static inline void tl_to_darg(struct dentry_info_args *darg, struct ext4_fc_tl *tl, u8 *val) { struct ext4_fc_dentry_info fcd; memcpy(&fcd, val, sizeof(fcd)); darg->parent_ino = le32_to_cpu(fcd.fc_parent_ino); darg->ino = le32_to_cpu(fcd.fc_ino); darg->dname = val + offsetof(struct ext4_fc_dentry_info, fc_dname); darg->dname_len = le16_to_cpu(tl->fc_len) - sizeof(struct ext4_fc_dentry_info); } /* Unlink replay function */ static int ext4_fc_replay_unlink(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_fc_tl *tl, u8 *val) { struct inode *inode, *old_parent; struct qstr entry; struct dentry_info_args darg; int ret = 0; tl_to_darg(&darg, tl, val); trace_ext4_fc_replay(sb, EXT4_FC_TAG_UNLINK, darg.ino, darg.parent_ino, darg.dname_len); entry.name = darg.dname; entry.len = darg.dname_len; inode = ext4_iget(sb, darg.ino, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (IS_ERR(inode)) { jbd_debug(1, "Inode %d not found", darg.ino); return 0; } old_parent = ext4_iget(sb, darg.parent_ino, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (IS_ERR(old_parent)) { jbd_debug(1, "Dir with inode %d not found", darg.parent_ino); iput(inode); return 0; } ret = __ext4_unlink(NULL, old_parent, &entry, inode); /* -ENOENT ok coz it might not exist anymore. */ if (ret == -ENOENT) ret = 0; iput(old_parent); iput(inode); return ret; } static int ext4_fc_replay_link_internal(struct super_block *sb, struct dentry_info_args *darg, struct inode *inode) { struct inode *dir = NULL; struct dentry *dentry_dir = NULL, *dentry_inode = NULL; struct qstr qstr_dname = QSTR_INIT(darg->dname, darg->dname_len); int ret = 0; dir = ext4_iget(sb, darg->parent_ino, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (IS_ERR(dir)) { jbd_debug(1, "Dir with inode %d not found.", darg->parent_ino); dir = NULL; goto out; } dentry_dir = d_obtain_alias(dir); if (IS_ERR(dentry_dir)) { jbd_debug(1, "Failed to obtain dentry"); dentry_dir = NULL; goto out; } dentry_inode = d_alloc(dentry_dir, &qstr_dname); if (!dentry_inode) { jbd_debug(1, "Inode dentry not created."); ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } ret = __ext4_link(dir, inode, dentry_inode); /* * It's possible that link already existed since data blocks * for the dir in question got persisted before we crashed OR * we replayed this tag and crashed before the entire replay * could complete. */ if (ret && ret != -EEXIST) { jbd_debug(1, "Failed to link\n"); goto out; } ret = 0; out: if (dentry_dir) { d_drop(dentry_dir); dput(dentry_dir); } else if (dir) { iput(dir); } if (dentry_inode) { d_drop(dentry_inode); dput(dentry_inode); } return ret; } /* Link replay function */ static int ext4_fc_replay_link(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_fc_tl *tl, u8 *val) { struct inode *inode; struct dentry_info_args darg; int ret = 0; tl_to_darg(&darg, tl, val); trace_ext4_fc_replay(sb, EXT4_FC_TAG_LINK, darg.ino, darg.parent_ino, darg.dname_len); inode = ext4_iget(sb, darg.ino, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (IS_ERR(inode)) { jbd_debug(1, "Inode not found."); return 0; } ret = ext4_fc_replay_link_internal(sb, &darg, inode); iput(inode); return ret; } /* * Record all the modified inodes during replay. We use this later to setup * block bitmaps correctly. */ static int ext4_fc_record_modified_inode(struct super_block *sb, int ino) { struct ext4_fc_replay_state *state; int i; state = &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_fc_replay_state; for (i = 0; i < state->fc_modified_inodes_used; i++) if (state->fc_modified_inodes[i] == ino) return 0; if (state->fc_modified_inodes_used == state->fc_modified_inodes_size) { state->fc_modified_inodes_size += EXT4_FC_REPLAY_REALLOC_INCREMENT; state->fc_modified_inodes = krealloc( state->fc_modified_inodes, sizeof(int) * state->fc_modified_inodes_size, GFP_KERNEL); if (!state->fc_modified_inodes) return -ENOMEM; } state->fc_modified_inodes[state->fc_modified_inodes_used++] = ino; return 0; } /* * Inode replay function */ static int ext4_fc_replay_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_fc_tl *tl, u8 *val) { struct ext4_fc_inode fc_inode; struct ext4_inode *raw_inode; struct ext4_inode *raw_fc_inode; struct inode *inode = NULL; struct ext4_iloc iloc; int inode_len, ino, ret, tag = le16_to_cpu(tl->fc_tag); struct ext4_extent_header *eh; memcpy(&fc_inode, val, sizeof(fc_inode)); ino = le32_to_cpu(fc_inode.fc_ino); trace_ext4_fc_replay(sb, tag, ino, 0, 0); inode = ext4_iget(sb, ino, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (!IS_ERR(inode)) { ext4_ext_clear_bb(inode); iput(inode); } inode = NULL; ext4_fc_record_modified_inode(sb, ino); raw_fc_inode = (struct ext4_inode *) (val + offsetof(struct ext4_fc_inode, fc_raw_inode)); ret = ext4_get_fc_inode_loc(sb, ino, &iloc); if (ret) goto out; inode_len = le16_to_cpu(tl->fc_len) - sizeof(struct ext4_fc_inode); raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(&iloc); memcpy(raw_inode, raw_fc_inode, offsetof(struct ext4_inode, i_block)); memcpy(&raw_inode->i_generation, &raw_fc_inode->i_generation, inode_len - offsetof(struct ext4_inode, i_generation)); if (le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_flags) & EXT4_EXTENTS_FL) { eh = (struct ext4_extent_header *)(&raw_inode->i_block[0]); if (eh->eh_magic != EXT4_EXT_MAGIC) { memset(eh, 0, sizeof(*eh)); eh->eh_magic = EXT4_EXT_MAGIC; eh->eh_max = cpu_to_le16( (sizeof(raw_inode->i_block) - sizeof(struct ext4_extent_header)) / sizeof(struct ext4_extent)); } } else if (le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_flags) & EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL) { memcpy(raw_inode->i_block, raw_fc_inode->i_block, sizeof(raw_inode->i_block)); } /* Immediately update the inode on disk. */ ret = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(NULL, NULL, iloc.bh); if (ret) goto out; ret = sync_dirty_buffer(iloc.bh); if (ret) goto out; ret = ext4_mark_inode_used(sb, ino); if (ret) goto out; /* Given that we just wrote the inode on disk, this SHOULD succeed. */ inode = ext4_iget(sb, ino, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (IS_ERR(inode)) { jbd_debug(1, "Inode not found."); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } /* * Our allocator could have made different decisions than before * crashing. This should be fixed but until then, we calculate * the number of blocks the inode. */ ext4_ext_replay_set_iblocks(inode); inode->i_generation = le32_to_cpu(ext4_raw_inode(&iloc)->i_generation); ext4_reset_inode_seed(inode); ext4_inode_csum_set(inode, ext4_raw_inode(&iloc), EXT4_I(inode)); ret = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(NULL, NULL, iloc.bh); sync_dirty_buffer(iloc.bh); brelse(iloc.bh); out: iput(inode); if (!ret) blkdev_issue_flush(sb->s_bdev, GFP_KERNEL); return 0; } /* * Dentry create replay function. * * EXT4_FC_TAG_CREAT is preceded by EXT4_FC_TAG_INODE_FULL. Which means, the * inode for which we are trying to create a dentry here, should already have * been replayed before we start here. */ static int ext4_fc_replay_create(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_fc_tl *tl, u8 *val) { int ret = 0; struct inode *inode = NULL; struct inode *dir = NULL; struct dentry_info_args darg; tl_to_darg(&darg, tl, val); trace_ext4_fc_replay(sb, EXT4_FC_TAG_CREAT, darg.ino, darg.parent_ino, darg.dname_len); /* This takes care of update group descriptor and other metadata */ ret = ext4_mark_inode_used(sb, darg.ino); if (ret) goto out; inode = ext4_iget(sb, darg.ino, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (IS_ERR(inode)) { jbd_debug(1, "inode %d not found.", darg.ino); inode = NULL; ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { /* * If we are creating a directory, we need to make sure that the * dot and dot dot dirents are setup properly. */ dir = ext4_iget(sb, darg.parent_ino, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (IS_ERR(dir)) { jbd_debug(1, "Dir %d not found.", darg.ino); goto out; } ret = ext4_init_new_dir(NULL, dir, inode); iput(dir); if (ret) { ret = 0; goto out; } } ret = ext4_fc_replay_link_internal(sb, &darg, inode); if (ret) goto out; set_nlink(inode, 1); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(NULL, inode); out: if (inode) iput(inode); return ret; } /* * Record physical disk regions which are in use as per fast commit area. Our * simple replay phase allocator excludes these regions from allocation. */ static int ext4_fc_record_regions(struct super_block *sb, int ino, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, int len) { struct ext4_fc_replay_state *state; struct ext4_fc_alloc_region *region; state = &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_fc_replay_state; if (state->fc_regions_used == state->fc_regions_size) { state->fc_regions_size += EXT4_FC_REPLAY_REALLOC_INCREMENT; state->fc_regions = krealloc( state->fc_regions, state->fc_regions_size * sizeof(struct ext4_fc_alloc_region), GFP_KERNEL); if (!state->fc_regions) return -ENOMEM; } region = &state->fc_regions[state->fc_regions_used++]; region->ino = ino; region->lblk = lblk; region->pblk = pblk; region->len = len; return 0; } /* Replay add range tag */ static int ext4_fc_replay_add_range(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_fc_tl *tl, u8 *val) { struct ext4_fc_add_range fc_add_ex; struct ext4_extent newex, *ex; struct inode *inode; ext4_lblk_t start, cur; int remaining, len; ext4_fsblk_t start_pblk; struct ext4_map_blocks map; struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; int ret; memcpy(&fc_add_ex, val, sizeof(fc_add_ex)); ex = (struct ext4_extent *)&fc_add_ex.fc_ex; trace_ext4_fc_replay(sb, EXT4_FC_TAG_ADD_RANGE, le32_to_cpu(fc_add_ex.fc_ino), le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex)); inode = ext4_iget(sb, le32_to_cpu(fc_add_ex.fc_ino), EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (IS_ERR(inode)) { jbd_debug(1, "Inode not found."); return 0; } ret = ext4_fc_record_modified_inode(sb, inode->i_ino); start = le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block); start_pblk = ext4_ext_pblock(ex); len = ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex); cur = start; remaining = len; jbd_debug(1, "ADD_RANGE, lblk %d, pblk %lld, len %d, unwritten %d, inode %ld\n", start, start_pblk, len, ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex), inode->i_ino); while (remaining > 0) { map.m_lblk = cur; map.m_len = remaining; map.m_pblk = 0; ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret < 0) { iput(inode); return 0; } if (ret == 0) { /* Range is not mapped */ path = ext4_find_extent(inode, cur, NULL, 0); if (IS_ERR(path)) { iput(inode); return 0; } memset(&newex, 0, sizeof(newex)); newex.ee_block = cpu_to_le32(cur); ext4_ext_store_pblock( &newex, start_pblk + cur - start); newex.ee_len = cpu_to_le16(map.m_len); if (ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex)) ext4_ext_mark_unwritten(&newex); down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); ret = ext4_ext_insert_extent( NULL, inode, &path, &newex, 0); up_write((&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem)); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); if (ret) { iput(inode); return 0; } goto next; } if (start_pblk + cur - start != map.m_pblk) { /* * Logical to physical mapping changed. This can happen * if this range was removed and then reallocated to * map to new physical blocks during a fast commit. */ ret = ext4_ext_replay_update_ex(inode, cur, map.m_len, ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex), start_pblk + cur - start); if (ret) { iput(inode); return 0; } /* * Mark the old blocks as free since they aren't used * anymore. We maintain an array of all the modified * inodes. In case these blocks are still used at either * a different logical range in the same inode or in * some different inode, we will mark them as allocated * at the end of the FC replay using our array of * modified inodes. */ ext4_mb_mark_bb(inode->i_sb, map.m_pblk, map.m_len, 0); goto next; } /* Range is mapped and needs a state change */ jbd_debug(1, "Converting from %ld to %d %lld", map.m_flags & EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN, ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex), map.m_pblk); ret = ext4_ext_replay_update_ex(inode, cur, map.m_len, ext4_ext_is_unwritten(ex), map.m_pblk); if (ret) { iput(inode); return 0; } /* * We may have split the extent tree while toggling the state. * Try to shrink the extent tree now. */ ext4_ext_replay_shrink_inode(inode, start + len); next: cur += map.m_len; remaining -= map.m_len; } ext4_ext_replay_shrink_inode(inode, i_size_read(inode) >> sb->s_blocksize_bits); iput(inode); return 0; } /* Replay DEL_RANGE tag */ static int ext4_fc_replay_del_range(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_fc_tl *tl, u8 *val) { struct inode *inode; struct ext4_fc_del_range lrange; struct ext4_map_blocks map; ext4_lblk_t cur, remaining; int ret; memcpy(&lrange, val, sizeof(lrange)); cur = le32_to_cpu(lrange.fc_lblk); remaining = le32_to_cpu(lrange.fc_len); trace_ext4_fc_replay(sb, EXT4_FC_TAG_DEL_RANGE, le32_to_cpu(lrange.fc_ino), cur, remaining); inode = ext4_iget(sb, le32_to_cpu(lrange.fc_ino), EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (IS_ERR(inode)) { jbd_debug(1, "Inode %d not found", le32_to_cpu(lrange.fc_ino)); return 0; } ret = ext4_fc_record_modified_inode(sb, inode->i_ino); jbd_debug(1, "DEL_RANGE, inode %ld, lblk %d, len %d\n", inode->i_ino, le32_to_cpu(lrange.fc_lblk), le32_to_cpu(lrange.fc_len)); while (remaining > 0) { map.m_lblk = cur; map.m_len = remaining; ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret < 0) { iput(inode); return 0; } if (ret > 0) { remaining -= ret; cur += ret; ext4_mb_mark_bb(inode->i_sb, map.m_pblk, map.m_len, 0); } else { remaining -= map.m_len; cur += map.m_len; } } ret = ext4_punch_hole(inode, le32_to_cpu(lrange.fc_lblk) << sb->s_blocksize_bits, le32_to_cpu(lrange.fc_len) << sb->s_blocksize_bits); if (ret) jbd_debug(1, "ext4_punch_hole returned %d", ret); ext4_ext_replay_shrink_inode(inode, i_size_read(inode) >> sb->s_blocksize_bits); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(NULL, inode); iput(inode); return 0; } static inline const char *tag2str(u16 tag) { switch (tag) { case EXT4_FC_TAG_LINK: return "TAG_ADD_ENTRY"; case EXT4_FC_TAG_UNLINK: return "TAG_DEL_ENTRY"; case EXT4_FC_TAG_ADD_RANGE: return "TAG_ADD_RANGE"; case EXT4_FC_TAG_CREAT: return "TAG_CREAT_DENTRY"; case EXT4_FC_TAG_DEL_RANGE: return "TAG_DEL_RANGE"; case EXT4_FC_TAG_INODE: return "TAG_INODE"; case EXT4_FC_TAG_PAD: return "TAG_PAD"; case EXT4_FC_TAG_TAIL: return "TAG_TAIL"; case EXT4_FC_TAG_HEAD: return "TAG_HEAD"; default: return "TAG_ERROR"; } } static void ext4_fc_set_bitmaps_and_counters(struct super_block *sb) { struct ext4_fc_replay_state *state; struct inode *inode; struct ext4_ext_path *path = NULL; struct ext4_map_blocks map; int i, ret, j; ext4_lblk_t cur, end; state = &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_fc_replay_state; for (i = 0; i < state->fc_modified_inodes_used; i++) { inode = ext4_iget(sb, state->fc_modified_inodes[i], EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (IS_ERR(inode)) { jbd_debug(1, "Inode %d not found.", state->fc_modified_inodes[i]); continue; } cur = 0; end = EXT_MAX_BLOCKS; while (cur < end) { map.m_lblk = cur; map.m_len = end - cur; ret = ext4_map_blocks(NULL, inode, &map, 0); if (ret < 0) break; if (ret > 0) { path = ext4_find_extent(inode, map.m_lblk, NULL, 0); if (!IS_ERR(path)) { for (j = 0; j < path->p_depth; j++) ext4_mb_mark_bb(inode->i_sb, path[j].p_block, 1, 1); ext4_ext_drop_refs(path); kfree(path); } cur += ret; ext4_mb_mark_bb(inode->i_sb, map.m_pblk, map.m_len, 1); } else { cur = cur + (map.m_len ? map.m_len : 1); } } iput(inode); } } /* * Check if block is in excluded regions for block allocation. The simple * allocator that runs during replay phase is calls this function to see * if it is okay to use a block. */ bool ext4_fc_replay_check_excluded(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { int i; struct ext4_fc_replay_state *state; state = &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_fc_replay_state; for (i = 0; i < state->fc_regions_valid; i++) { if (state->fc_regions[i].ino == 0 || state->fc_regions[i].len == 0) continue; if (blk >= state->fc_regions[i].pblk && blk < state->fc_regions[i].pblk + state->fc_regions[i].len) return true; } return false; } /* Cleanup function called after replay */ void ext4_fc_replay_cleanup(struct super_block *sb) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); sbi->s_mount_state &= ~EXT4_FC_REPLAY; kfree(sbi->s_fc_replay_state.fc_regions); kfree(sbi->s_fc_replay_state.fc_modified_inodes); } /* * Recovery Scan phase handler * * This function is called during the scan phase and is responsible * for doing following things: * - Make sure the fast commit area has valid tags for replay * - Count number of tags that need to be replayed by the replay handler * - Verify CRC * - Create a list of excluded blocks for allocation during replay phase * * This function returns JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE to indicate that SCAN is * incomplete and JBD2 should send more blocks. It returns JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP * to indicate that scan has finished and JBD2 can now start replay phase. * It returns a negative error to indicate that there was an error. At the end * of a successful scan phase, sbi->s_fc_replay_state.fc_replay_num_tags is set * to indicate the number of tags that need to replayed during the replay phase. */ static int ext4_fc_replay_scan(journal_t *journal, struct buffer_head *bh, int off, tid_t expected_tid) { struct super_block *sb = journal->j_private; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_fc_replay_state *state; int ret = JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE; struct ext4_fc_add_range ext; struct ext4_fc_tl tl; struct ext4_fc_tail tail; __u8 *start, *end, *cur, *val; struct ext4_fc_head head; struct ext4_extent *ex; state = &sbi->s_fc_replay_state; start = (u8 *)bh->b_data; end = (__u8 *)bh->b_data + journal->j_blocksize - 1; if (state->fc_replay_expected_off == 0) { state->fc_cur_tag = 0; state->fc_replay_num_tags = 0; state->fc_crc = 0; state->fc_regions = NULL; state->fc_regions_valid = state->fc_regions_used = state->fc_regions_size = 0; /* Check if we can stop early */ if (le16_to_cpu(((struct ext4_fc_tl *)start)->fc_tag) != EXT4_FC_TAG_HEAD) return 0; } if (off != state->fc_replay_expected_off) { ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out_err; } state->fc_replay_expected_off++; for (cur = start; cur < end; cur = cur + sizeof(tl) + le16_to_cpu(tl.fc_len)) { memcpy(&tl, cur, sizeof(tl)); val = cur + sizeof(tl); jbd_debug(3, "Scan phase, tag:%s, blk %lld\n", tag2str(le16_to_cpu(tl.fc_tag)), bh->b_blocknr); switch (le16_to_cpu(tl.fc_tag)) { case EXT4_FC_TAG_ADD_RANGE: memcpy(&ext, val, sizeof(ext)); ex = (struct ext4_extent *)&ext.fc_ex; ret = ext4_fc_record_regions(sb, le32_to_cpu(ext.fc_ino), le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block), ext4_ext_pblock(ex), ext4_ext_get_actual_len(ex)); if (ret < 0) break; ret = JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE; fallthrough; case EXT4_FC_TAG_DEL_RANGE: case EXT4_FC_TAG_LINK: case EXT4_FC_TAG_UNLINK: case EXT4_FC_TAG_CREAT: case EXT4_FC_TAG_INODE: case EXT4_FC_TAG_PAD: state->fc_cur_tag++; state->fc_crc = ext4_chksum(sbi, state->fc_crc, cur, sizeof(tl) + le16_to_cpu(tl.fc_len)); break; case EXT4_FC_TAG_TAIL: state->fc_cur_tag++; memcpy(&tail, val, sizeof(tail)); state->fc_crc = ext4_chksum(sbi, state->fc_crc, cur, sizeof(tl) + offsetof(struct ext4_fc_tail, fc_crc)); if (le32_to_cpu(tail.fc_tid) == expected_tid && le32_to_cpu(tail.fc_crc) == state->fc_crc) { state->fc_replay_num_tags = state->fc_cur_tag; state->fc_regions_valid = state->fc_regions_used; } else { ret = state->fc_replay_num_tags ? JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP : -EFSBADCRC; } state->fc_crc = 0; break; case EXT4_FC_TAG_HEAD: memcpy(&head, val, sizeof(head)); if (le32_to_cpu(head.fc_features) & ~EXT4_FC_SUPPORTED_FEATURES) { ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; break; } if (le32_to_cpu(head.fc_tid) != expected_tid) { ret = JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP; break; } state->fc_cur_tag++; state->fc_crc = ext4_chksum(sbi, state->fc_crc, cur, sizeof(tl) + le16_to_cpu(tl.fc_len)); break; default: ret = state->fc_replay_num_tags ? JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP : -ECANCELED; } if (ret < 0 || ret == JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP) break; } out_err: trace_ext4_fc_replay_scan(sb, ret, off); return ret; } /* * Main recovery path entry point. * The meaning of return codes is similar as above. */ static int ext4_fc_replay(journal_t *journal, struct buffer_head *bh, enum passtype pass, int off, tid_t expected_tid) { struct super_block *sb = journal->j_private; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_fc_tl tl; __u8 *start, *end, *cur, *val; int ret = JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE; struct ext4_fc_replay_state *state = &sbi->s_fc_replay_state; struct ext4_fc_tail tail; if (pass == PASS_SCAN) { state->fc_current_pass = PASS_SCAN; return ext4_fc_replay_scan(journal, bh, off, expected_tid); } if (state->fc_current_pass != pass) { state->fc_current_pass = pass; sbi->s_mount_state |= EXT4_FC_REPLAY; } if (!sbi->s_fc_replay_state.fc_replay_num_tags) { jbd_debug(1, "Replay stops\n"); ext4_fc_set_bitmaps_and_counters(sb); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG if (sbi->s_fc_debug_max_replay && off >= sbi->s_fc_debug_max_replay) { pr_warn("Dropping fc block %d because max_replay set\n", off); return JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP; } #endif start = (u8 *)bh->b_data; end = (__u8 *)bh->b_data + journal->j_blocksize - 1; for (cur = start; cur < end; cur = cur + sizeof(tl) + le16_to_cpu(tl.fc_len)) { memcpy(&tl, cur, sizeof(tl)); val = cur + sizeof(tl); if (state->fc_replay_num_tags == 0) { ret = JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP; ext4_fc_set_bitmaps_and_counters(sb); break; } jbd_debug(3, "Replay phase, tag:%s\n", tag2str(le16_to_cpu(tl.fc_tag))); state->fc_replay_num_tags--; switch (le16_to_cpu(tl.fc_tag)) { case EXT4_FC_TAG_LINK: ret = ext4_fc_replay_link(sb, &tl, val); break; case EXT4_FC_TAG_UNLINK: ret = ext4_fc_replay_unlink(sb, &tl, val); break; case EXT4_FC_TAG_ADD_RANGE: ret = ext4_fc_replay_add_range(sb, &tl, val); break; case EXT4_FC_TAG_CREAT: ret = ext4_fc_replay_create(sb, &tl, val); break; case EXT4_FC_TAG_DEL_RANGE: ret = ext4_fc_replay_del_range(sb, &tl, val); break; case EXT4_FC_TAG_INODE: ret = ext4_fc_replay_inode(sb, &tl, val); break; case EXT4_FC_TAG_PAD: trace_ext4_fc_replay(sb, EXT4_FC_TAG_PAD, 0, le16_to_cpu(tl.fc_len), 0); break; case EXT4_FC_TAG_TAIL: trace_ext4_fc_replay(sb, EXT4_FC_TAG_TAIL, 0, le16_to_cpu(tl.fc_len), 0); memcpy(&tail, val, sizeof(tail)); WARN_ON(le32_to_cpu(tail.fc_tid) != expected_tid); break; case EXT4_FC_TAG_HEAD: break; default: trace_ext4_fc_replay(sb, le16_to_cpu(tl.fc_tag), 0, le16_to_cpu(tl.fc_len), 0); ret = -ECANCELED; break; } if (ret < 0) break; ret = JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE; } return ret; } void ext4_fc_init(struct super_block *sb, journal_t *journal) { /* * We set replay callback even if fast commit disabled because we may * could still have fast commit blocks that need to be replayed even if * fast commit has now been turned off. */ journal->j_fc_replay_callback = ext4_fc_replay; if (!test_opt2(sb, JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT)) return; journal->j_fc_cleanup_callback = ext4_fc_cleanup; } static const char *fc_ineligible_reasons[] = { "Extended attributes changed", "Cross rename", "Journal flag changed", "Insufficient memory", "Swap boot", "Resize", "Dir renamed", "Falloc range op", "Data journalling", "FC Commit Failed" }; int ext4_fc_info_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB((struct super_block *)seq->private); struct ext4_fc_stats *stats = &sbi->s_fc_stats; int i; if (v != SEQ_START_TOKEN) return 0; seq_printf(seq, "fc stats:\n%ld commits\n%ld ineligible\n%ld numblks\n%lluus avg_commit_time\n", stats->fc_num_commits, stats->fc_ineligible_commits, stats->fc_numblks, div_u64(sbi->s_fc_avg_commit_time, 1000)); seq_puts(seq, "Ineligible reasons:\n"); for (i = 0; i < EXT4_FC_REASON_MAX; i++) seq_printf(seq, "\"%s\":\t%d\n", fc_ineligible_reasons[i], stats->fc_ineligible_reason_count[i]); return 0; } int __init ext4_fc_init_dentry_cache(void) { ext4_fc_dentry_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(ext4_fc_dentry_update, SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT); if (ext4_fc_dentry_cachep == NULL) return -ENOMEM; return 0; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_RTNETLINK_H #define __NET_RTNETLINK_H #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/netlink.h> typedef int (*rtnl_doit_func)(struct sk_buff *, struct nlmsghdr *, struct netlink_ext_ack *); typedef int (*rtnl_dumpit_func)(struct sk_buff *, struct netlink_callback *); enum rtnl_link_flags { RTNL_FLAG_DOIT_UNLOCKED = 1, }; void rtnl_register(int protocol, int msgtype, rtnl_doit_func, rtnl_dumpit_func, unsigned int flags); int rtnl_register_module(struct module *owner, int protocol, int msgtype, rtnl_doit_func, rtnl_dumpit_func, unsigned int flags); int rtnl_unregister(int protocol, int msgtype); void rtnl_unregister_all(int protocol); static inline int rtnl_msg_family(const struct nlmsghdr *nlh) { if (nlmsg_len(nlh) >= sizeof(struct rtgenmsg)) return ((struct rtgenmsg *) nlmsg_data(nlh))->rtgen_family; else return AF_UNSPEC; } /** * struct rtnl_link_ops - rtnetlink link operations * * @list: Used internally * @kind: Identifier * @netns_refund: Physical device, move to init_net on netns exit * @maxtype: Highest device specific netlink attribute number * @policy: Netlink policy for device specific attribute validation * @validate: Optional validation function for netlink/changelink parameters * @priv_size: sizeof net_device private space * @setup: net_device setup function * @newlink: Function for configuring and registering a new device * @changelink: Function for changing parameters of an existing device * @dellink: Function to remove a device * @get_size: Function to calculate required room for dumping device * specific netlink attributes * @fill_info: Function to dump device specific netlink attributes * @get_xstats_size: Function to calculate required room for dumping device * specific statistics * @fill_xstats: Function to dump device specific statistics * @get_num_tx_queues: Function to determine number of transmit queues * to create when creating a new device. * @get_num_rx_queues: Function to determine number of receive queues * to create when creating a new device. * @get_link_net: Function to get the i/o netns of the device * @get_linkxstats_size: Function to calculate the required room for * dumping device-specific extended link stats * @fill_linkxstats: Function to dump device-specific extended link stats */ struct rtnl_link_ops { struct list_head list; const char *kind; size_t priv_size; void (*setup)(struct net_device *dev); bool netns_refund; unsigned int maxtype; const struct nla_policy *policy; int (*validate)(struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int (*newlink)(struct net *src_net, struct net_device *dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int (*changelink)(struct net_device *dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*dellink)(struct net_device *dev, struct list_head *head); size_t (*get_size)(const struct net_device *dev); int (*fill_info)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev); size_t (*get_xstats_size)(const struct net_device *dev); int (*fill_xstats)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev); unsigned int (*get_num_tx_queues)(void); unsigned int (*get_num_rx_queues)(void); unsigned int slave_maxtype; const struct nla_policy *slave_policy; int (*slave_changelink)(struct net_device *dev, struct net_device *slave_dev, struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); size_t (*get_slave_size)(const struct net_device *dev, const struct net_device *slave_dev); int (*fill_slave_info)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev, const struct net_device *slave_dev); struct net *(*get_link_net)(const struct net_device *dev); size_t (*get_linkxstats_size)(const struct net_device *dev, int attr); int (*fill_linkxstats)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev, int *prividx, int attr); }; int __rtnl_link_register(struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); void __rtnl_link_unregister(struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); int rtnl_link_register(struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); void rtnl_link_unregister(struct rtnl_link_ops *ops); /** * struct rtnl_af_ops - rtnetlink address family operations * * @list: Used internally * @family: Address family * @fill_link_af: Function to fill IFLA_AF_SPEC with address family * specific netlink attributes. * @get_link_af_size: Function to calculate size of address family specific * netlink attributes. * @validate_link_af: Validate a IFLA_AF_SPEC attribute, must check attr * for invalid configuration settings. * @set_link_af: Function to parse a IFLA_AF_SPEC attribute and modify * net_device accordingly. */ struct rtnl_af_ops { struct list_head list; int family; int (*fill_link_af)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev, u32 ext_filter_mask); size_t (*get_link_af_size)(const struct net_device *dev, u32 ext_filter_mask); int (*validate_link_af)(const struct net_device *dev, const struct nlattr *attr); int (*set_link_af)(struct net_device *dev, const struct nlattr *attr); int (*fill_stats_af)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev); size_t (*get_stats_af_size)(const struct net_device *dev); }; void rtnl_af_register(struct rtnl_af_ops *ops); void rtnl_af_unregister(struct rtnl_af_ops *ops); struct net *rtnl_link_get_net(struct net *src_net, struct nlattr *tb[]); struct net_device *rtnl_create_link(struct net *net, const char *ifname, unsigned char name_assign_type, const struct rtnl_link_ops *ops, struct nlattr *tb[], struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int rtnl_delete_link(struct net_device *dev); int rtnl_configure_link(struct net_device *dev, const struct ifinfomsg *ifm); int rtnl_nla_parse_ifla(struct nlattr **tb, const struct nlattr *head, int len, struct netlink_ext_ack *exterr); struct net *rtnl_get_net_ns_capable(struct sock *sk, int netnsid); #define MODULE_ALIAS_RTNL_LINK(kind) MODULE_ALIAS("rtnl-link-" kind) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __MAC802154_DRIVER_OPS #define __MAC802154_DRIVER_OPS #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/mac802154.h> #include "ieee802154_i.h" #include "trace.h" static inline int drv_xmit_async(struct ieee802154_local *local, struct sk_buff *skb) { return local->ops->xmit_async(&local->hw, skb); } static inline int drv_xmit_sync(struct ieee802154_local *local, struct sk_buff *skb) { might_sleep(); return local->ops->xmit_sync(&local->hw, skb); } static inline int drv_start(struct ieee802154_local *local) { int ret; might_sleep(); trace_802154_drv_start(local); local->started = true; smp_mb(); ret = local->ops->start(&local->hw); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline void drv_stop(struct ieee802154_local *local) { might_sleep(); trace_802154_drv_stop(local); local->ops->stop(&local->hw); trace_802154_drv_return_void(local); /* sync away all work on the tasklet before clearing started */ tasklet_disable(&local->tasklet); tasklet_enable(&local->tasklet); barrier(); local->started = false; } static inline int drv_set_channel(struct ieee802154_local *local, u8 page, u8 channel) { int ret; might_sleep(); trace_802154_drv_set_channel(local, page, channel); ret = local->ops->set_channel(&local->hw, page, channel); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_tx_power(struct ieee802154_local *local, s32 mbm) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_txpower) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_tx_power(local, mbm); ret = local->ops->set_txpower(&local->hw, mbm); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_cca_mode(struct ieee802154_local *local, const struct wpan_phy_cca *cca) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_cca_mode) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_cca_mode(local, cca); ret = local->ops->set_cca_mode(&local->hw, cca); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_lbt_mode(struct ieee802154_local *local, bool mode) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_lbt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_lbt_mode(local, mode); ret = local->ops->set_lbt(&local->hw, mode); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_cca_ed_level(struct ieee802154_local *local, s32 mbm) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_cca_ed_level) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_cca_ed_level(local, mbm); ret = local->ops->set_cca_ed_level(&local->hw, mbm); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_pan_id(struct ieee802154_local *local, __le16 pan_id) { struct ieee802154_hw_addr_filt filt; int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } filt.pan_id = pan_id; trace_802154_drv_set_pan_id(local, pan_id); ret = local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt(&local->hw, &filt, IEEE802154_AFILT_PANID_CHANGED); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_extended_addr(struct ieee802154_local *local, __le64 extended_addr) { struct ieee802154_hw_addr_filt filt; int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } filt.ieee_addr = extended_addr; trace_802154_drv_set_extended_addr(local, extended_addr); ret = local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt(&local->hw, &filt, IEEE802154_AFILT_IEEEADDR_CHANGED); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_short_addr(struct ieee802154_local *local, __le16 short_addr) { struct ieee802154_hw_addr_filt filt; int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } filt.short_addr = short_addr; trace_802154_drv_set_short_addr(local, short_addr); ret = local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt(&local->hw, &filt, IEEE802154_AFILT_SADDR_CHANGED); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_pan_coord(struct ieee802154_local *local, bool is_coord) { struct ieee802154_hw_addr_filt filt; int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } filt.pan_coord = is_coord; trace_802154_drv_set_pan_coord(local, is_coord); ret = local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt(&local->hw, &filt, IEEE802154_AFILT_PANC_CHANGED); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_csma_params(struct ieee802154_local *local, u8 min_be, u8 max_be, u8 max_csma_backoffs) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_csma_params) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_csma_params(local, min_be, max_be, max_csma_backoffs); ret = local->ops->set_csma_params(&local->hw, min_be, max_be, max_csma_backoffs); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_max_frame_retries(struct ieee802154_local *local, s8 max_frame_retries) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_frame_retries) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_max_frame_retries(local, max_frame_retries); ret = local->ops->set_frame_retries(&local->hw, max_frame_retries); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_promiscuous_mode(struct ieee802154_local *local, bool on) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_promiscuous_mode) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_promiscuous_mode(local, on); ret = local->ops->set_promiscuous_mode(&local->hw, on); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } #endif /* __MAC802154_DRIVER_OPS */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H #define _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/fs.h> /* only for vma_is_dax() */ vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf); int copy_huge_pmd(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); void huge_pmd_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); int copy_huge_pud(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD void huge_pud_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud); #else static inline void huge_pud_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { } #endif vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); struct page *follow_trans_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned int flags); bool madvise_free_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long next); int zap_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr); int zap_huge_pud(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr); bool move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, unsigned long new_addr, pmd_t *old_pmd, pmd_t *new_pmd); int change_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pmd_prot(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool write); /** * vmf_insert_pfn_pmd - insert a pmd size pfn * @vmf: Structure describing the fault * @pfn: pfn to insert * @pgprot: page protection to use * @write: whether it's a write fault * * Insert a pmd size pfn. See vmf_insert_pfn() for additional info. * * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, bool write) { return vmf_insert_pfn_pmd_prot(vmf, pfn, vmf->vma->vm_page_prot, write); } vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pud_prot(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool write); /** * vmf_insert_pfn_pud - insert a pud size pfn * @vmf: Structure describing the fault * @pfn: pfn to insert * @pgprot: page protection to use * @write: whether it's a write fault * * Insert a pud size pfn. See vmf_insert_pfn() for additional info. * * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, bool write) { return vmf_insert_pfn_pud_prot(vmf, pfn, vmf->vma->vm_page_prot, write); } enum transparent_hugepage_flag { TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_DIRECT_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KSWAPD_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KSWAPD_OR_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_REQ_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KHUGEPAGED_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_USE_ZERO_PAGE_FLAG, #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEBUG_COW_FLAG, #endif }; struct kobject; struct kobj_attribute; ssize_t single_hugepage_flag_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count, enum transparent_hugepage_flag flag); ssize_t single_hugepage_flag_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf, enum transparent_hugepage_flag flag); extern struct kobj_attribute shmem_enabled_attr; #define HPAGE_PMD_ORDER (HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT-PAGE_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PMD_NR (1<<HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #define HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT PMD_SHIFT #define HPAGE_PMD_SIZE ((1UL) << HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PMD_MASK (~(HPAGE_PMD_SIZE - 1)) #define HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT PUD_SHIFT #define HPAGE_PUD_SIZE ((1UL) << HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PUD_MASK (~(HPAGE_PUD_SIZE - 1)) extern unsigned long transparent_hugepage_flags; static inline bool transhuge_vma_suitable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long haddr) { /* Don't have to check pgoff for anonymous vma */ if (!vma_is_anonymous(vma)) { if (!IS_ALIGNED((vma->vm_start >> PAGE_SHIFT) - vma->vm_pgoff, HPAGE_PMD_NR)) return false; } if (haddr < vma->vm_start || haddr + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE > vma->vm_end) return false; return true; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags) { /* Explicitly disabled through madvise. */ if ((vm_flags & VM_NOHUGEPAGE) || test_bit(MMF_DISABLE_THP, &vma->vm_mm->flags)) return false; return true; } /* * to be used on vmas which are known to support THP. * Use transparent_hugepage_active otherwise */ static inline bool __transparent_hugepage_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * If the hardware/firmware marked hugepage support disabled. */ if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX)) return false; if (!transhuge_vma_enabled(vma, vma->vm_flags)) return false; if (vma_is_temporary_stack(vma)) return false; if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG)) return true; if (vma_is_dax(vma)) return true; if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG)) return !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGEPAGE); return false; } bool transparent_hugepage_active(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #define transparent_hugepage_use_zero_page() \ (transparent_hugepage_flags & \ (1<<TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_USE_ZERO_PAGE_FLAG)) unsigned long thp_get_unmapped_area(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); void prep_transhuge_page(struct page *page); void free_transhuge_page(struct page *page); bool is_transparent_hugepage(struct page *page); bool can_split_huge_page(struct page *page, int *pextra_pins); int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list); static inline int split_huge_page(struct page *page) { return split_huge_page_to_list(page, NULL); } void deferred_split_huge_page(struct page *page); void __split_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page); #define split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { \ pmd_t *____pmd = (__pmd); \ if (is_swap_pmd(*____pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*____pmd) \ || pmd_devmap(*____pmd)) \ __split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address, \ false, NULL); \ } while (0) void split_huge_pmd_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page); void __split_huge_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address); #define split_huge_pud(__vma, __pud, __address) \ do { \ pud_t *____pud = (__pud); \ if (pud_trans_huge(*____pud) \ || pud_devmap(*____pud)) \ __split_huge_pud(__vma, __pud, __address); \ } while (0) int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice); void vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, long adjust_next); spinlock_t *__pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma); spinlock_t *__pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma); static inline int is_swap_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return !pmd_none(pmd) && !pmd_present(pmd); } /* mmap_lock must be held on entry */ static inline spinlock_t *pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) return __pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma); else return NULL; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) return __pud_trans_huge_lock(pud, vma); else return NULL; } /** * thp_head - Head page of a transparent huge page. * @page: Any page (tail, head or regular) found in the page cache. */ static inline struct page *thp_head(struct page *page) { return compound_head(page); } /** * thp_order - Order of a transparent huge page. * @page: Head page of a transparent huge page. */ static inline unsigned int thp_order(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); if (PageHead(page)) return HPAGE_PMD_ORDER; return 0; } /** * thp_nr_pages - The number of regular pages in this huge page. * @page: The head page of a huge page. */ static inline int thp_nr_pages(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); if (PageHead(page)) return HPAGE_PMD_NR; return 1; } struct page *follow_devmap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap); struct page *follow_devmap_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap); vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); extern struct page *huge_zero_page; extern unsigned long huge_zero_pfn; static inline bool is_huge_zero_page(struct page *page) { return READ_ONCE(huge_zero_page) == page; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return READ_ONCE(huge_zero_pfn) == pmd_pfn(pmd) && pmd_present(pmd); } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pud(pud_t pud) { return false; } struct page *mm_get_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm); void mm_put_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm); #define mk_huge_pmd(page, prot) pmd_mkhuge(mk_pmd(page, prot)) static inline bool thp_migration_supported(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION); } static inline struct list_head *page_deferred_list(struct page *page) { /* * Global or memcg deferred list in the second tail pages is * occupied by compound_head. */ return &page[2].deferred_list; } #else /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #define HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PMD_MASK ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PMD_SIZE ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_MASK ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_SIZE ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) static inline struct page *thp_head(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return page; } static inline unsigned int thp_order(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return 0; } static inline int thp_nr_pages(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return 1; } static inline bool __transparent_hugepage_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } static inline bool transparent_hugepage_active(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_suitable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long haddr) { return false; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags) { return false; } static inline void prep_transhuge_page(struct page *page) {} static inline bool is_transparent_hugepage(struct page *page) { return false; } #define transparent_hugepage_flags 0UL #define thp_get_unmapped_area NULL static inline bool can_split_huge_page(struct page *page, int *pextra_pins) { BUILD_BUG(); return false; } static inline int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list) { return 0; } static inline int split_huge_page(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline void deferred_split_huge_page(struct page *page) {} #define split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { } while (0) static inline void __split_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page) {} static inline void split_huge_pmd_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page) {} #define split_huge_pud(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { } while (0) static inline int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice) { BUG(); return 0; } static inline void vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, long adjust_next) { } static inline int is_swap_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline spinlock_t *pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return NULL; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return NULL; } static inline vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { return 0; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_page(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return false; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pud(pud_t pud) { return false; } static inline void mm_put_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm) { return; } static inline struct page *follow_devmap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *follow_devmap_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap) { return NULL; } static inline bool thp_migration_supported(void) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ /** * thp_size - Size of a transparent huge page. * @page: Head page of a transparent huge page. * * Return: Number of bytes in this page. */ static inline unsigned long thp_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << thp_order(page); } #endif /* _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * fs/kernfs/kernfs-internal.h - kernfs internal header file * * Copyright (c) 2001-3 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2007 SUSE Linux Products GmbH * Copyright (c) 2007, 2013 Tejun Heo <teheo@suse.de> */ #ifndef __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H #define __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/kernfs.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> struct kernfs_iattrs { kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; struct simple_xattrs xattrs; atomic_t nr_user_xattrs; atomic_t user_xattr_size; }; /* +1 to avoid triggering overflow warning when negating it */ #define KN_DEACTIVATED_BIAS (INT_MIN + 1) /* KERNFS_TYPE_MASK and types are defined in include/linux/kernfs.h */ /** * kernfs_root - find out the kernfs_root a kernfs_node belongs to * @kn: kernfs_node of interest * * Return the kernfs_root @kn belongs to. */ static inline struct kernfs_root *kernfs_root(struct kernfs_node *kn) { /* if parent exists, it's always a dir; otherwise, @sd is a dir */ if (kn->parent) kn = kn->parent; return kn->dir.root; } /* * mount.c */ struct kernfs_super_info { struct super_block *sb; /* * The root associated with this super_block. Each super_block is * identified by the root and ns it's associated with. */ struct kernfs_root *root; /* * Each sb is associated with one namespace tag, currently the * network namespace of the task which mounted this kernfs * instance. If multiple tags become necessary, make the following * an array and compare kernfs_node tag against every entry. */ const void *ns; /* anchored at kernfs_root->supers, protected by kernfs_mutex */ struct list_head node; }; #define kernfs_info(SB) ((struct kernfs_super_info *)(SB->s_fs_info)) static inline struct kernfs_node *kernfs_dentry_node(struct dentry *dentry) { if (d_really_is_negative(dentry)) return NULL; return d_inode(dentry)->i_private; } extern const struct super_operations kernfs_sops; extern struct kmem_cache *kernfs_node_cache, *kernfs_iattrs_cache; /* * inode.c */ extern const struct xattr_handler *kernfs_xattr_handlers[]; void kernfs_evict_inode(struct inode *inode); int kernfs_iop_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask); int kernfs_iop_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *iattr); int kernfs_iop_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat, u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags); ssize_t kernfs_iop_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *buf, size_t size); int __kernfs_setattr(struct kernfs_node *kn, const struct iattr *iattr); /* * dir.c */ extern struct mutex kernfs_mutex; extern const struct dentry_operations kernfs_dops; extern const struct file_operations kernfs_dir_fops; extern const struct inode_operations kernfs_dir_iops; struct kernfs_node *kernfs_get_active(struct kernfs_node *kn); void kernfs_put_active(struct kernfs_node *kn); int kernfs_add_one(struct kernfs_node *kn); struct kernfs_node *kernfs_new_node(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, unsigned flags); /* * file.c */ extern const struct file_operations kernfs_file_fops; void kernfs_drain_open_files(struct kernfs_node *kn); /* * symlink.c */ extern const struct inode_operations kernfs_symlink_iops; #endif /* __KERNFS_INTERNAL_H */
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/swap.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * This file contains the default values for the operation of the * Linux VM subsystem. Fine-tuning documentation can be found in * Documentation/admin-guide/sysctl/vm.rst. * Started 18.12.91 * Swap aging added 23.2.95, Stephen Tweedie. * Buffermem limits added 12.3.98, Rik van Riel. */ #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/pagevec.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/mm_inline.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/uio.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/page_idle.h> #include <linux/local_lock.h> #include "internal.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/pagemap.h> /* How many pages do we try to swap or page in/out together? */ int page_cluster; /* Protecting only lru_rotate.pvec which requires disabling interrupts */ struct lru_rotate { local_lock_t lock; struct pagevec pvec; }; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct lru_rotate, lru_rotate) = { .lock = INIT_LOCAL_LOCK(lock), }; /* * The following struct pagevec are grouped together because they are protected * by disabling preemption (and interrupts remain enabled). */ struct lru_pvecs { local_lock_t lock; struct pagevec lru_add; struct pagevec lru_deactivate_file; struct pagevec lru_deactivate; struct pagevec lru_lazyfree; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP struct pagevec activate_page; #endif }; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct lru_pvecs, lru_pvecs) = { .lock = INIT_LOCAL_LOCK(lock), }; /* * This path almost never happens for VM activity - pages are normally * freed via pagevecs. But it gets used by networking. */ static void __page_cache_release(struct page *page) { if (PageLRU(page)) { pg_data_t *pgdat = page_pgdat(page); struct lruvec *lruvec; unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&pgdat->lru_lock, flags); lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, pgdat); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLRU(page), page); __ClearPageLRU(page); del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, page_off_lru(page)); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pgdat->lru_lock, flags); } __ClearPageWaiters(page); } static void __put_single_page(struct page *page) { __page_cache_release(page); mem_cgroup_uncharge(page); free_unref_page(page); } static void __put_compound_page(struct page *page) { /* * __page_cache_release() is supposed to be called for thp, not for * hugetlb. This is because hugetlb page does never have PageLRU set * (it's never listed to any LRU lists) and no memcg routines should * be called for hugetlb (it has a separate hugetlb_cgroup.) */ if (!PageHuge(page)) __page_cache_release(page); destroy_compound_page(page); } void __put_page(struct page *page) { if (is_zone_device_page(page)) { put_dev_pagemap(page->pgmap); /* * The page belongs to the device that created pgmap. Do * not return it to page allocator. */ return; } if (unlikely(PageCompound(page))) __put_compound_page(page); else __put_single_page(page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__put_page); /** * put_pages_list() - release a list of pages * @pages: list of pages threaded on page->lru * * Release a list of pages which are strung together on page.lru. Currently * used by read_cache_pages() and related error recovery code. */ void put_pages_list(struct list_head *pages) { while (!list_empty(pages)) { struct page *victim; victim = lru_to_page(pages); list_del(&victim->lru); put_page(victim); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_pages_list); /* * get_kernel_pages() - pin kernel pages in memory * @kiov: An array of struct kvec structures * @nr_segs: number of segments to pin * @write: pinning for read/write, currently ignored * @pages: array that receives pointers to the pages pinned. * Should be at least nr_segs long. * * Returns number of pages pinned. This may be fewer than the number * requested. If nr_pages is 0 or negative, returns 0. If no pages * were pinned, returns -errno. Each page returned must be released * with a put_page() call when it is finished with. */ int get_kernel_pages(const struct kvec *kiov, int nr_segs, int write, struct page **pages) { int seg; for (seg = 0; seg < nr_segs; seg++) { if (WARN_ON(kiov[seg].iov_len != PAGE_SIZE)) return seg; pages[seg] = kmap_to_page(kiov[seg].iov_base); get_page(pages[seg]); } return seg; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_kernel_pages); /* * get_kernel_page() - pin a kernel page in memory * @start: starting kernel address * @write: pinning for read/write, currently ignored * @pages: array that receives pointer to the page pinned. * Must be at least nr_segs long. * * Returns 1 if page is pinned. If the page was not pinned, returns * -errno. The page returned must be released with a put_page() call * when it is finished with. */ int get_kernel_page(unsigned long start, int write, struct page **pages) { const struct kvec kiov = { .iov_base = (void *)start, .iov_len = PAGE_SIZE }; return get_kernel_pages(&kiov, 1, write, pages); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_kernel_page); static void pagevec_lru_move_fn(struct pagevec *pvec, void (*move_fn)(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec, void *arg), void *arg) { int i; struct pglist_data *pgdat = NULL; struct lruvec *lruvec; unsigned long flags = 0; for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(pvec); i++) { struct page *page = pvec->pages[i]; struct pglist_data *pagepgdat = page_pgdat(page); if (pagepgdat != pgdat) { if (pgdat) spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pgdat->lru_lock, flags); pgdat = pagepgdat; spin_lock_irqsave(&pgdat->lru_lock, flags); } lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, pgdat); (*move_fn)(page, lruvec, arg); } if (pgdat) spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pgdat->lru_lock, flags); release_pages(pvec->pages, pvec->nr); pagevec_reinit(pvec); } static void pagevec_move_tail_fn(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec, void *arg) { int *pgmoved = arg; if (PageLRU(page) && !PageUnevictable(page)) { del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, page_lru(page)); ClearPageActive(page); add_page_to_lru_list_tail(page, lruvec, page_lru(page)); (*pgmoved) += thp_nr_pages(page); } } /* * pagevec_move_tail() must be called with IRQ disabled. * Otherwise this may cause nasty races. */ static void pagevec_move_tail(struct pagevec *pvec) { int pgmoved = 0; pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, pagevec_move_tail_fn, &pgmoved); __count_vm_events(PGROTATED, pgmoved); } /* * Writeback is about to end against a page which has been marked for immediate * reclaim. If it still appears to be reclaimable, move it to the tail of the * inactive list. */ void rotate_reclaimable_page(struct page *page) { if (!PageLocked(page) && !PageDirty(page) && !PageUnevictable(page) && PageLRU(page)) { struct pagevec *pvec; unsigned long flags; get_page(page); local_lock_irqsave(&lru_rotate.lock, flags); pvec = this_cpu_ptr(&lru_rotate.pvec); if (!pagevec_add(pvec, page) || PageCompound(page)) pagevec_move_tail(pvec); local_unlock_irqrestore(&lru_rotate.lock, flags); } } void lru_note_cost(struct lruvec *lruvec, bool file, unsigned int nr_pages) { do { unsigned long lrusize; /* Record cost event */ if (file) lruvec->file_cost += nr_pages; else lruvec->anon_cost += nr_pages; /* * Decay previous events * * Because workloads change over time (and to avoid * overflow) we keep these statistics as a floating * average, which ends up weighing recent refaults * more than old ones. */ lrusize = lruvec_page_state(lruvec, NR_INACTIVE_ANON) + lruvec_page_state(lruvec, NR_ACTIVE_ANON) + lruvec_page_state(lruvec, NR_INACTIVE_FILE) + lruvec_page_state(lruvec, NR_ACTIVE_FILE); if (lruvec->file_cost + lruvec->anon_cost > lrusize / 4) { lruvec->file_cost /= 2; lruvec->anon_cost /= 2; } } while ((lruvec = parent_lruvec(lruvec))); } void lru_note_cost_page(struct page *page) { lru_note_cost(mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, page_pgdat(page)), page_is_file_lru(page), thp_nr_pages(page)); } static void __activate_page(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec, void *arg) { if (PageLRU(page) && !PageActive(page) && !PageUnevictable(page)) { int lru = page_lru_base_type(page); int nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru); SetPageActive(page); lru += LRU_ACTIVE; add_page_to_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru); trace_mm_lru_activate(page); __count_vm_events(PGACTIVATE, nr_pages); __count_memcg_events(lruvec_memcg(lruvec), PGACTIVATE, nr_pages); } } #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static void activate_page_drain(int cpu) { struct pagevec *pvec = &per_cpu(lru_pvecs.activate_page, cpu); if (pagevec_count(pvec)) pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, __activate_page, NULL); } static bool need_activate_page_drain(int cpu) { return pagevec_count(&per_cpu(lru_pvecs.activate_page, cpu)) != 0; } static void activate_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); if (PageLRU(page) && !PageActive(page) && !PageUnevictable(page)) { struct pagevec *pvec; local_lock(&lru_pvecs.lock); pvec = this_cpu_ptr(&lru_pvecs.activate_page); get_page(page); if (!pagevec_add(pvec, page) || PageCompound(page)) pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, __activate_page, NULL); local_unlock(&lru_pvecs.lock); } } #else static inline void activate_page_drain(int cpu) { } static void activate_page(struct page *page) { pg_data_t *pgdat = page_pgdat(page); page = compound_head(page); spin_lock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); __activate_page(page, mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, pgdat), NULL); spin_unlock_irq(&pgdat->lru_lock); } #endif static void __lru_cache_activate_page(struct page *page) { struct pagevec *pvec; int i; local_lock(&lru_pvecs.lock); pvec = this_cpu_ptr(&lru_pvecs.lru_add); /* * Search backwards on the optimistic assumption that the page being * activated has just been added to this pagevec. Note that only * the local pagevec is examined as a !PageLRU page could be in the * process of being released, reclaimed, migrated or on a remote * pagevec that is currently being drained. Furthermore, marking * a remote pagevec's page PageActive potentially hits a race where * a page is marked PageActive just after it is added to the inactive * list causing accounting errors and BUG_ON checks to trigger. */ for (i = pagevec_count(pvec) - 1; i >= 0; i--) { struct page *pagevec_page = pvec->pages[i]; if (pagevec_page == page) { SetPageActive(page); break; } } local_unlock(&lru_pvecs.lock); } /* * Mark a page as having seen activity. * * inactive,unreferenced -> inactive,referenced * inactive,referenced -> active,unreferenced * active,unreferenced -> active,referenced * * When a newly allocated page is not yet visible, so safe for non-atomic ops, * __SetPageReferenced(page) may be substituted for mark_page_accessed(page). */ void mark_page_accessed(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); if (!PageReferenced(page)) { SetPageReferenced(page); } else if (PageUnevictable(page)) { /* * Unevictable pages are on the "LRU_UNEVICTABLE" list. But, * this list is never rotated or maintained, so marking an * evictable page accessed has no effect. */ } else if (!PageActive(page)) { /* * If the page is on the LRU, queue it for activation via * lru_pvecs.activate_page. Otherwise, assume the page is on a * pagevec, mark it active and it'll be moved to the active * LRU on the next drain. */ if (PageLRU(page)) activate_page(page); else __lru_cache_activate_page(page); ClearPageReferenced(page); workingset_activation(page); } if (page_is_idle(page)) clear_page_idle(page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mark_page_accessed); /** * lru_cache_add - add a page to a page list * @page: the page to be added to the LRU. * * Queue the page for addition to the LRU via pagevec. The decision on whether * to add the page to the [in]active [file|anon] list is deferred until the * pagevec is drained. This gives a chance for the caller of lru_cache_add() * have the page added to the active list using mark_page_accessed(). */ void lru_cache_add(struct page *page) { struct pagevec *pvec; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageActive(page) && PageUnevictable(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageLRU(page), page); get_page(page); local_lock(&lru_pvecs.lock); pvec = this_cpu_ptr(&lru_pvecs.lru_add); if (!pagevec_add(pvec, page) || PageCompound(page)) __pagevec_lru_add(pvec); local_unlock(&lru_pvecs.lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lru_cache_add); /** * lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable * @page: the page to be added to LRU * @vma: vma in which page is mapped for determining reclaimability * * Place @page on the inactive or unevictable LRU list, depending on its * evictability. */ void lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { bool unevictable; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageLRU(page), page); unevictable = (vma->vm_flags & (VM_LOCKED | VM_SPECIAL)) == VM_LOCKED; if (unlikely(unevictable) && !TestSetPageMlocked(page)) { int nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); /* * We use the irq-unsafe __mod_zone_page_stat because this * counter is not modified from interrupt context, and the pte * lock is held(spinlock), which implies preemption disabled. */ __mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(page), NR_MLOCK, nr_pages); count_vm_events(UNEVICTABLE_PGMLOCKED, nr_pages); } lru_cache_add(page); } /* * If the page can not be invalidated, it is moved to the * inactive list to speed up its reclaim. It is moved to the * head of the list, rather than the tail, to give the flusher * threads some time to write it out, as this is much more * effective than the single-page writeout from reclaim. * * If the page isn't page_mapped and dirty/writeback, the page * could reclaim asap using PG_reclaim. * * 1. active, mapped page -> none * 2. active, dirty/writeback page -> inactive, head, PG_reclaim * 3. inactive, mapped page -> none * 4. inactive, dirty/writeback page -> inactive, head, PG_reclaim * 5. inactive, clean -> inactive, tail * 6. Others -> none * * In 4, why it moves inactive's head, the VM expects the page would * be write it out by flusher threads as this is much more effective * than the single-page writeout from reclaim. */ static void lru_deactivate_file_fn(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec, void *arg) { int lru; bool active; int nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); if (!PageLRU(page)) return; if (PageUnevictable(page)) return; /* Some processes are using the page */ if (page_mapped(page)) return; active = PageActive(page); lru = page_lru_base_type(page); del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru + active); ClearPageActive(page); ClearPageReferenced(page); if (PageWriteback(page) || PageDirty(page)) { /* * PG_reclaim could be raced with end_page_writeback * It can make readahead confusing. But race window * is _really_ small and it's non-critical problem. */ add_page_to_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru); SetPageReclaim(page); } else { /* * The page's writeback ends up during pagevec * We moves tha page into tail of inactive. */ add_page_to_lru_list_tail(page, lruvec, lru); __count_vm_events(PGROTATED, nr_pages); } if (active) { __count_vm_events(PGDEACTIVATE, nr_pages); __count_memcg_events(lruvec_memcg(lruvec), PGDEACTIVATE, nr_pages); } } static void lru_deactivate_fn(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec, void *arg) { if (PageLRU(page) && PageActive(page) && !PageUnevictable(page)) { int lru = page_lru_base_type(page); int nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru + LRU_ACTIVE); ClearPageActive(page); ClearPageReferenced(page); add_page_to_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru); __count_vm_events(PGDEACTIVATE, nr_pages); __count_memcg_events(lruvec_memcg(lruvec), PGDEACTIVATE, nr_pages); } } static void lru_lazyfree_fn(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec, void *arg) { if (PageLRU(page) && PageAnon(page) && PageSwapBacked(page) && !PageSwapCache(page) && !PageUnevictable(page)) { bool active = PageActive(page); int nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, LRU_INACTIVE_ANON + active); ClearPageActive(page); ClearPageReferenced(page); /* * Lazyfree pages are clean anonymous pages. They have * PG_swapbacked flag cleared, to distinguish them from normal * anonymous pages */ ClearPageSwapBacked(page); add_page_to_lru_list(page, lruvec, LRU_INACTIVE_FILE); __count_vm_events(PGLAZYFREE, nr_pages); __count_memcg_events(lruvec_memcg(lruvec), PGLAZYFREE, nr_pages); } } /* * Drain pages out of the cpu's pagevecs. * Either "cpu" is the current CPU, and preemption has already been * disabled; or "cpu" is being hot-unplugged, and is already dead. */ void lru_add_drain_cpu(int cpu) { struct pagevec *pvec = &per_cpu(lru_pvecs.lru_add, cpu); if (pagevec_count(pvec)) __pagevec_lru_add(pvec); pvec = &per_cpu(lru_rotate.pvec, cpu); /* Disabling interrupts below acts as a compiler barrier. */ if (data_race(pagevec_count(pvec))) { unsigned long flags; /* No harm done if a racing interrupt already did this */ local_lock_irqsave(&lru_rotate.lock, flags); pagevec_move_tail(pvec); local_unlock_irqrestore(&lru_rotate.lock, flags); } pvec = &per_cpu(lru_pvecs.lru_deactivate_file, cpu); if (pagevec_count(pvec)) pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, lru_deactivate_file_fn, NULL); pvec = &per_cpu(lru_pvecs.lru_deactivate, cpu); if (pagevec_count(pvec)) pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, lru_deactivate_fn, NULL); pvec = &per_cpu(lru_pvecs.lru_lazyfree, cpu); if (pagevec_count(pvec)) pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, lru_lazyfree_fn, NULL); activate_page_drain(cpu); } /** * deactivate_file_page - forcefully deactivate a file page * @page: page to deactivate * * This function hints the VM that @page is a good reclaim candidate, * for example if its invalidation fails due to the page being dirty * or under writeback. */ void deactivate_file_page(struct page *page) { /* * In a workload with many unevictable page such as mprotect, * unevictable page deactivation for accelerating reclaim is pointless. */ if (PageUnevictable(page)) return; if (likely(get_page_unless_zero(page))) { struct pagevec *pvec; local_lock(&lru_pvecs.lock); pvec = this_cpu_ptr(&lru_pvecs.lru_deactivate_file); if (!pagevec_add(pvec, page) || PageCompound(page)) pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, lru_deactivate_file_fn, NULL); local_unlock(&lru_pvecs.lock); } } /* * deactivate_page - deactivate a page * @page: page to deactivate * * deactivate_page() moves @page to the inactive list if @page was on the active * list and was not an unevictable page. This is done to accelerate the reclaim * of @page. */ void deactivate_page(struct page *page) { if (PageLRU(page) && PageActive(page) && !PageUnevictable(page)) { struct pagevec *pvec; local_lock(&lru_pvecs.lock); pvec = this_cpu_ptr(&lru_pvecs.lru_deactivate); get_page(page); if (!pagevec_add(pvec, page) || PageCompound(page)) pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, lru_deactivate_fn, NULL); local_unlock(&lru_pvecs.lock); } } /** * mark_page_lazyfree - make an anon page lazyfree * @page: page to deactivate * * mark_page_lazyfree() moves @page to the inactive file list. * This is done to accelerate the reclaim of @page. */ void mark_page_lazyfree(struct page *page) { if (PageLRU(page) && PageAnon(page) && PageSwapBacked(page) && !PageSwapCache(page) && !PageUnevictable(page)) { struct pagevec *pvec; local_lock(&lru_pvecs.lock); pvec = this_cpu_ptr(&lru_pvecs.lru_lazyfree); get_page(page); if (!pagevec_add(pvec, page) || PageCompound(page)) pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, lru_lazyfree_fn, NULL); local_unlock(&lru_pvecs.lock); } } void lru_add_drain(void) { local_lock(&lru_pvecs.lock); lru_add_drain_cpu(smp_processor_id()); local_unlock(&lru_pvecs.lock); } void lru_add_drain_cpu_zone(struct zone *zone) { local_lock(&lru_pvecs.lock); lru_add_drain_cpu(smp_processor_id()); drain_local_pages(zone); local_unlock(&lru_pvecs.lock); } #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct work_struct, lru_add_drain_work); static void lru_add_drain_per_cpu(struct work_struct *dummy) { lru_add_drain(); } /* * Doesn't need any cpu hotplug locking because we do rely on per-cpu * kworkers being shut down before our page_alloc_cpu_dead callback is * executed on the offlined cpu. * Calling this function with cpu hotplug locks held can actually lead * to obscure indirect dependencies via WQ context. */ void lru_add_drain_all(void) { /* * lru_drain_gen - Global pages generation number * * (A) Definition: global lru_drain_gen = x implies that all generations * 0 < n <= x are already *scheduled* for draining. * * This is an optimization for the highly-contended use case where a * user space workload keeps constantly generating a flow of pages for * each CPU. */ static unsigned int lru_drain_gen; static struct cpumask has_work; static DEFINE_MUTEX(lock); unsigned cpu, this_gen; /* * Make sure nobody triggers this path before mm_percpu_wq is fully * initialized. */ if (WARN_ON(!mm_percpu_wq)) return; /* * Guarantee pagevec counter stores visible by this CPU are visible to * other CPUs before loading the current drain generation. */ smp_mb(); /* * (B) Locally cache global LRU draining generation number * * The read barrier ensures that the counter is loaded before the mutex * is taken. It pairs with smp_mb() inside the mutex critical section * at (D). */ this_gen = smp_load_acquire(&lru_drain_gen); mutex_lock(&lock); /* * (C) Exit the draining operation if a newer generation, from another * lru_add_drain_all(), was already scheduled for draining. Check (A). */ if (unlikely(this_gen != lru_drain_gen)) goto done; /* * (D) Increment global generation number * * Pairs with smp_load_acquire() at (B), outside of the critical * section. Use a full memory barrier to guarantee that the new global * drain generation number is stored before loading pagevec counters. * * This pairing must be done here, before the for_each_online_cpu loop * below which drains the page vectors. * * Let x, y, and z represent some system CPU numbers, where x < y < z. * Assume CPU #z is is in the middle of the for_each_online_cpu loop * below and has already reached CPU #y's per-cpu data. CPU #x comes * along, adds some pages to its per-cpu vectors, then calls * lru_add_drain_all(). * * If the paired barrier is done at any later step, e.g. after the * loop, CPU #x will just exit at (C) and miss flushing out all of its * added pages. */ WRITE_ONCE(lru_drain_gen, lru_drain_gen + 1); smp_mb(); cpumask_clear(&has_work); for_each_online_cpu(cpu) { struct work_struct *work = &per_cpu(lru_add_drain_work, cpu); if (pagevec_count(&per_cpu(lru_pvecs.lru_add, cpu)) || data_race(pagevec_count(&per_cpu(lru_rotate.pvec, cpu))) || pagevec_count(&per_cpu(lru_pvecs.lru_deactivate_file, cpu)) || pagevec_count(&per_cpu(lru_pvecs.lru_deactivate, cpu)) || pagevec_count(&per_cpu(lru_pvecs.lru_lazyfree, cpu)) || need_activate_page_drain(cpu)) { INIT_WORK(work, lru_add_drain_per_cpu); queue_work_on(cpu, mm_percpu_wq, work); __cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &has_work); } } for_each_cpu(cpu, &has_work) flush_work(&per_cpu(lru_add_drain_work, cpu)); done: mutex_unlock(&lock); } #else void lru_add_drain_all(void) { lru_add_drain(); } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ /** * release_pages - batched put_page() * @pages: array of pages to release * @nr: number of pages * * Decrement the reference count on all the pages in @pages. If it * fell to zero, remove the page from the LRU and free it. */ void release_pages(struct page **pages, int nr) { int i; LIST_HEAD(pages_to_free); struct pglist_data *locked_pgdat = NULL; struct lruvec *lruvec; unsigned long flags; unsigned int lock_batch; for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) { struct page *page = pages[i]; /* * Make sure the IRQ-safe lock-holding time does not get * excessive with a continuous string of pages from the * same pgdat. The lock is held only if pgdat != NULL. */ if (locked_pgdat && ++lock_batch == SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX) { spin_unlock_irqrestore(&locked_pgdat->lru_lock, flags); locked_pgdat = NULL; } page = compound_head(page); if (is_huge_zero_page(page)) continue; if (is_zone_device_page(page)) { if (locked_pgdat) { spin_unlock_irqrestore(&locked_pgdat->lru_lock, flags); locked_pgdat = NULL; } /* * ZONE_DEVICE pages that return 'false' from * page_is_devmap_managed() do not require special * processing, and instead, expect a call to * put_page_testzero(). */ if (page_is_devmap_managed(page)) { put_devmap_managed_page(page); continue; } } if (!put_page_testzero(page)) continue; if (PageCompound(page)) { if (locked_pgdat) { spin_unlock_irqrestore(&locked_pgdat->lru_lock, flags); locked_pgdat = NULL; } __put_compound_page(page); continue; } if (PageLRU(page)) { struct pglist_data *pgdat = page_pgdat(page); if (pgdat != locked_pgdat) { if (locked_pgdat) spin_unlock_irqrestore(&locked_pgdat->lru_lock, flags); lock_batch = 0; locked_pgdat = pgdat; spin_lock_irqsave(&locked_pgdat->lru_lock, flags); } lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, locked_pgdat); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLRU(page), page); __ClearPageLRU(page); del_page_from_lru_list(page, lruvec, page_off_lru(page)); } __ClearPageWaiters(page); list_add(&page->lru, &pages_to_free); } if (locked_pgdat) spin_unlock_irqrestore(&locked_pgdat->lru_lock, flags); mem_cgroup_uncharge_list(&pages_to_free); free_unref_page_list(&pages_to_free); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(release_pages); /* * The pages which we're about to release may be in the deferred lru-addition * queues. That would prevent them from really being freed right now. That's * OK from a correctness point of view but is inefficient - those pages may be * cache-warm and we want to give them back to the page allocator ASAP. * * So __pagevec_release() will drain those queues here. __pagevec_lru_add() * and __pagevec_lru_add_active() call release_pages() directly to avoid * mutual recursion. */ void __pagevec_release(struct pagevec *pvec) { if (!pvec->percpu_pvec_drained) { lru_add_drain(); pvec->percpu_pvec_drained = true; } release_pages(pvec->pages, pagevec_count(pvec)); pagevec_reinit(pvec); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__pagevec_release); #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* used by __split_huge_page_refcount() */ void lru_add_page_tail(struct page *page, struct page *page_tail, struct lruvec *lruvec, struct list_head *list) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageHead(page), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageCompound(page_tail), page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageLRU(page_tail), page); lockdep_assert_held(&lruvec_pgdat(lruvec)->lru_lock); if (!list) SetPageLRU(page_tail); if (likely(PageLRU(page))) list_add_tail(&page_tail->lru, &page->lru); else if (list) { /* page reclaim is reclaiming a huge page */ get_page(page_tail); list_add_tail(&page_tail->lru, list); } else { /* * Head page has not yet been counted, as an hpage, * so we must account for each subpage individually. * * Put page_tail on the list at the correct position * so they all end up in order. */ add_page_to_lru_list_tail(page_tail, lruvec, page_lru(page_tail)); } } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ static void __pagevec_lru_add_fn(struct page *page, struct lruvec *lruvec, void *arg) { enum lru_list lru; int was_unevictable = TestClearPageUnevictable(page); int nr_pages = thp_nr_pages(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageLRU(page), page); /* * Page becomes evictable in two ways: * 1) Within LRU lock [munlock_vma_page() and __munlock_pagevec()]. * 2) Before acquiring LRU lock to put the page to correct LRU and then * a) do PageLRU check with lock [check_move_unevictable_pages] * b) do PageLRU check before lock [clear_page_mlock] * * (1) & (2a) are ok as LRU lock will serialize them. For (2b), we need * following strict ordering: * * #0: __pagevec_lru_add_fn #1: clear_page_mlock * * SetPageLRU() TestClearPageMlocked() * smp_mb() // explicit ordering // above provides strict * // ordering * PageMlocked() PageLRU() * * * if '#1' does not observe setting of PG_lru by '#0' and fails * isolation, the explicit barrier will make sure that page_evictable * check will put the page in correct LRU. Without smp_mb(), SetPageLRU * can be reordered after PageMlocked check and can make '#1' to fail * the isolation of the page whose Mlocked bit is cleared (#0 is also * looking at the same page) and the evictable page will be stranded * in an unevictable LRU. */ SetPageLRU(page); smp_mb__after_atomic(); if (page_evictable(page)) { lru = page_lru(page); if (was_unevictable) __count_vm_events(UNEVICTABLE_PGRESCUED, nr_pages); } else { lru = LRU_UNEVICTABLE; ClearPageActive(page); SetPageUnevictable(page); if (!was_unevictable) __count_vm_events(UNEVICTABLE_PGCULLED, nr_pages); } add_page_to_lru_list(page, lruvec, lru); trace_mm_lru_insertion(page, lru); } /* * Add the passed pages to the LRU, then drop the caller's refcount * on them. Reinitialises the caller's pagevec. */ void __pagevec_lru_add(struct pagevec *pvec) { pagevec_lru_move_fn(pvec, __pagevec_lru_add_fn, NULL); } /** * pagevec_lookup_entries - gang pagecache lookup * @pvec: Where the resulting entries are placed * @mapping: The address_space to search * @start: The starting entry index * @nr_entries: The maximum number of pages * @indices: The cache indices corresponding to the entries in @pvec * * pagevec_lookup_entries() will search for and return a group of up * to @nr_pages pages and shadow entries in the mapping. All * entries are placed in @pvec. pagevec_lookup_entries() takes a * reference against actual pages in @pvec. * * The search returns a group of mapping-contiguous entries with * ascending indexes. There may be holes in the indices due to * not-present entries. * * Only one subpage of a Transparent Huge Page is returned in one call: * allowing truncate_inode_pages_range() to evict the whole THP without * cycling through a pagevec of extra references. * * pagevec_lookup_entries() returns the number of entries which were * found. */ unsigned pagevec_lookup_entries(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, unsigned nr_entries, pgoff_t *indices) { pvec->nr = find_get_entries(mapping, start, nr_entries, pvec->pages, indices); return pagevec_count(pvec); } /** * pagevec_remove_exceptionals - pagevec exceptionals pruning * @pvec: The pagevec to prune * * pagevec_lookup_entries() fills both pages and exceptional radix * tree entries into the pagevec. This function prunes all * exceptionals from @pvec without leaving holes, so that it can be * passed on to page-only pagevec operations. */ void pagevec_remove_exceptionals(struct pagevec *pvec) { int i, j; for (i = 0, j = 0; i < pagevec_count(pvec); i++) { struct page *page = pvec->pages[i]; if (!xa_is_value(page)) pvec->pages[j++] = page; } pvec->nr = j; } /** * pagevec_lookup_range - gang pagecache lookup * @pvec: Where the resulting pages are placed * @mapping: The address_space to search * @start: The starting page index * @end: The final page index * * pagevec_lookup_range() will search for & return a group of up to PAGEVEC_SIZE * pages in the mapping starting from index @start and upto index @end * (inclusive). The pages are placed in @pvec. pagevec_lookup() takes a * reference against the pages in @pvec. * * The search returns a group of mapping-contiguous pages with ascending * indexes. There may be holes in the indices due to not-present pages. We * also update @start to index the next page for the traversal. * * pagevec_lookup_range() returns the number of pages which were found. If this * number is smaller than PAGEVEC_SIZE, the end of specified range has been * reached. */ unsigned pagevec_lookup_range(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *start, pgoff_t end) { pvec->nr = find_get_pages_range(mapping, start, end, PAGEVEC_SIZE, pvec->pages); return pagevec_count(pvec); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(pagevec_lookup_range); unsigned pagevec_lookup_range_tag(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, pgoff_t end, xa_mark_t tag) { pvec->nr = find_get_pages_range_tag(mapping, index, end, tag, PAGEVEC_SIZE, pvec->pages); return pagevec_count(pvec); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(pagevec_lookup_range_tag); unsigned pagevec_lookup_range_nr_tag(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, pgoff_t end, xa_mark_t tag, unsigned max_pages) { pvec->nr = find_get_pages_range_tag(mapping, index, end, tag, min_t(unsigned int, max_pages, PAGEVEC_SIZE), pvec->pages); return pagevec_count(pvec); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(pagevec_lookup_range_nr_tag); /* * Perform any setup for the swap system */ void __init swap_setup(void) { unsigned long megs = totalram_pages() >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT); /* Use a smaller cluster for small-memory machines */ if (megs < 16) page_cluster = 2; else page_cluster = 3; /* * Right now other parts of the system means that we * _really_ don't want to cluster much more */ } #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page) { int count; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!page_is_devmap_managed(page))) return; count = page_ref_dec_return(page); /* * devmap page refcounts are 1-based, rather than 0-based: if * refcount is 1, then the page is free and the refcount is * stable because nobody holds a reference on the page. */ if (count == 1) free_devmap_managed_page(page); else if (!count) __put_page(page); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_devmap_managed_page); #endif
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_SCHED_GENERIC_H #define __NET_SCHED_GENERIC_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/pkt_sched.h> #include <linux/pkt_cls.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/dynamic_queue_limits.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/hashtable.h> #include <net/gen_stats.h> #include <net/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/flow_offload.h> struct Qdisc_ops; struct qdisc_walker; struct tcf_walker; struct module; struct bpf_flow_keys; struct qdisc_rate_table { struct tc_ratespec rate; u32 data[256]; struct qdisc_rate_table *next; int refcnt; }; enum qdisc_state_t { __QDISC_STATE_SCHED, __QDISC_STATE_DEACTIVATED, __QDISC_STATE_MISSED, }; struct qdisc_size_table { struct rcu_head rcu; struct list_head list; struct tc_sizespec szopts; int refcnt; u16 data[]; }; /* similar to sk_buff_head, but skb->prev pointer is undefined. */ struct qdisc_skb_head { struct sk_buff *head; struct sk_buff *tail; __u32 qlen; spinlock_t lock; }; struct Qdisc { int (*enqueue)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free); struct sk_buff * (*dequeue)(struct Qdisc *sch); unsigned int flags; #define TCQ_F_BUILTIN 1 #define TCQ_F_INGRESS 2 #define TCQ_F_CAN_BYPASS 4 #define TCQ_F_MQROOT 8 #define TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE 0x10 /* dequeue_skb() can assume all skbs are for * q->dev_queue : It can test * netif_xmit_frozen_or_stopped() before * dequeueing next packet. * Its true for MQ/MQPRIO slaves, or non * multiqueue device. */ #define TCQ_F_WARN_NONWC (1 << 16) #define TCQ_F_CPUSTATS 0x20 /* run using percpu statistics */ #define TCQ_F_NOPARENT 0x40 /* root of its hierarchy : * qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen() should stop. */ #define TCQ_F_INVISIBLE 0x80 /* invisible by default in dump */ #define TCQ_F_NOLOCK 0x100 /* qdisc does not require locking */ #define TCQ_F_OFFLOADED 0x200 /* qdisc is offloaded to HW */ u32 limit; const struct Qdisc_ops *ops; struct qdisc_size_table __rcu *stab; struct hlist_node hash; u32 handle; u32 parent; struct netdev_queue *dev_queue; struct net_rate_estimator __rcu *rate_est; struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu __percpu *cpu_bstats; struct gnet_stats_queue __percpu *cpu_qstats; int pad; refcount_t refcnt; /* * For performance sake on SMP, we put highly modified fields at the end */ struct sk_buff_head gso_skb ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct qdisc_skb_head q; struct gnet_stats_basic_packed bstats; seqcount_t running; struct gnet_stats_queue qstats; unsigned long state; struct Qdisc *next_sched; struct sk_buff_head skb_bad_txq; spinlock_t busylock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; spinlock_t seqlock; /* for NOLOCK qdisc, true if there are no enqueued skbs */ bool empty; struct rcu_head rcu; /* private data */ long privdata[] ____cacheline_aligned; }; static inline void qdisc_refcount_inc(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_BUILTIN) return; refcount_inc(&qdisc->refcnt); } /* Intended to be used by unlocked users, when concurrent qdisc release is * possible. */ static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_refcount_inc_nz(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_BUILTIN) return qdisc; if (refcount_inc_not_zero(&qdisc->refcnt)) return qdisc; return NULL; } static inline bool qdisc_is_running(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_NOLOCK) return spin_is_locked(&qdisc->seqlock); return (raw_read_seqcount(&qdisc->running) & 1) ? true : false; } static inline bool qdisc_is_percpu_stats(const struct Qdisc *q) { return q->flags & TCQ_F_CPUSTATS; } static inline bool qdisc_is_empty(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(qdisc)) return READ_ONCE(qdisc->empty); return !READ_ONCE(qdisc->q.qlen); } static inline bool qdisc_run_begin(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_NOLOCK) { if (spin_trylock(&qdisc->seqlock)) goto nolock_empty; /* Paired with smp_mb__after_atomic() to make sure * STATE_MISSED checking is synchronized with clearing * in pfifo_fast_dequeue(). */ smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* If the MISSED flag is set, it means other thread has * set the MISSED flag before second spin_trylock(), so * we can return false here to avoid multi cpus doing * the set_bit() and second spin_trylock() concurrently. */ if (test_bit(__QDISC_STATE_MISSED, &qdisc->state)) return false; /* Set the MISSED flag before the second spin_trylock(), * if the second spin_trylock() return false, it means * other cpu holding the lock will do dequeuing for us * or it will see the MISSED flag set after releasing * lock and reschedule the net_tx_action() to do the * dequeuing. */ set_bit(__QDISC_STATE_MISSED, &qdisc->state); /* spin_trylock() only has load-acquire semantic, so use * smp_mb__after_atomic() to ensure STATE_MISSED is set * before doing the second spin_trylock(). */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); /* Retry again in case other CPU may not see the new flag * after it releases the lock at the end of qdisc_run_end(). */ if (!spin_trylock(&qdisc->seqlock)) return false; nolock_empty: WRITE_ONCE(qdisc->empty, false); } else if (qdisc_is_running(qdisc)) { return false; } /* Variant of write_seqcount_begin() telling lockdep a trylock * was attempted. */ raw_write_seqcount_begin(&qdisc->running); seqcount_acquire(&qdisc->running.dep_map, 0, 1, _RET_IP_); return true; } static inline void qdisc_run_end(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { write_seqcount_end(&qdisc->running); if (qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_NOLOCK) { spin_unlock(&qdisc->seqlock); if (unlikely(test_bit(__QDISC_STATE_MISSED, &qdisc->state))) { clear_bit(__QDISC_STATE_MISSED, &qdisc->state); __netif_schedule(qdisc); } } } static inline bool qdisc_may_bulk(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return qdisc->flags & TCQ_F_ONETXQUEUE; } static inline int qdisc_avail_bulklimit(const struct netdev_queue *txq) { #ifdef CONFIG_BQL /* Non-BQL migrated drivers will return 0, too. */ return dql_avail(&txq->dql); #else return 0; #endif } struct Qdisc_class_ops { unsigned int flags; /* Child qdisc manipulation */ struct netdev_queue * (*select_queue)(struct Qdisc *, struct tcmsg *); int (*graft)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long cl, struct Qdisc *, struct Qdisc **, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); struct Qdisc * (*leaf)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long cl); void (*qlen_notify)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long); /* Class manipulation routines */ unsigned long (*find)(struct Qdisc *, u32 classid); int (*change)(struct Qdisc *, u32, u32, struct nlattr **, unsigned long *, struct netlink_ext_ack *); int (*delete)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long); void (*walk)(struct Qdisc *, struct qdisc_walker * arg); /* Filter manipulation */ struct tcf_block * (*tcf_block)(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); unsigned long (*bind_tcf)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long, u32 classid); void (*unbind_tcf)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long); /* rtnetlink specific */ int (*dump)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long, struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcmsg*); int (*dump_stats)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned long, struct gnet_dump *); }; /* Qdisc_class_ops flag values */ /* Implements API that doesn't require rtnl lock */ enum qdisc_class_ops_flags { QDISC_CLASS_OPS_DOIT_UNLOCKED = 1, }; struct Qdisc_ops { struct Qdisc_ops *next; const struct Qdisc_class_ops *cl_ops; char id[IFNAMSIZ]; int priv_size; unsigned int static_flags; int (*enqueue)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free); struct sk_buff * (*dequeue)(struct Qdisc *); struct sk_buff * (*peek)(struct Qdisc *); int (*init)(struct Qdisc *sch, struct nlattr *arg, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*reset)(struct Qdisc *); void (*destroy)(struct Qdisc *); int (*change)(struct Qdisc *sch, struct nlattr *arg, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*attach)(struct Qdisc *sch); int (*change_tx_queue_len)(struct Qdisc *, unsigned int); void (*change_real_num_tx)(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned int new_real_tx); int (*dump)(struct Qdisc *, struct sk_buff *); int (*dump_stats)(struct Qdisc *, struct gnet_dump *); void (*ingress_block_set)(struct Qdisc *sch, u32 block_index); void (*egress_block_set)(struct Qdisc *sch, u32 block_index); u32 (*ingress_block_get)(struct Qdisc *sch); u32 (*egress_block_get)(struct Qdisc *sch); struct module *owner; }; struct tcf_result { union { struct { unsigned long class; u32 classid; }; const struct tcf_proto *goto_tp; /* used in the skb_tc_reinsert function */ struct { bool ingress; struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats; }; }; }; struct tcf_chain; struct tcf_proto_ops { struct list_head head; char kind[IFNAMSIZ]; int (*classify)(struct sk_buff *, const struct tcf_proto *, struct tcf_result *); int (*init)(struct tcf_proto*); void (*destroy)(struct tcf_proto *tp, bool rtnl_held, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void* (*get)(struct tcf_proto*, u32 handle); void (*put)(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *f); int (*change)(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *, struct tcf_proto*, unsigned long, u32 handle, struct nlattr **, void **, bool, bool, struct netlink_ext_ack *); int (*delete)(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *arg, bool *last, bool rtnl_held, struct netlink_ext_ack *); bool (*delete_empty)(struct tcf_proto *tp); void (*walk)(struct tcf_proto *tp, struct tcf_walker *arg, bool rtnl_held); int (*reoffload)(struct tcf_proto *tp, bool add, flow_setup_cb_t *cb, void *cb_priv, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*hw_add)(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *type_data); void (*hw_del)(struct tcf_proto *tp, void *type_data); void (*bind_class)(void *, u32, unsigned long, void *, unsigned long); void * (*tmplt_create)(struct net *net, struct tcf_chain *chain, struct nlattr **tca, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void (*tmplt_destroy)(void *tmplt_priv); /* rtnetlink specific */ int (*dump)(struct net*, struct tcf_proto*, void *, struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcmsg*, bool); int (*terse_dump)(struct net *net, struct tcf_proto *tp, void *fh, struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcmsg *t, bool rtnl_held); int (*tmplt_dump)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, void *tmplt_priv); struct module *owner; int flags; }; /* Classifiers setting TCF_PROTO_OPS_DOIT_UNLOCKED in tcf_proto_ops->flags * are expected to implement tcf_proto_ops->delete_empty(), otherwise race * conditions can occur when filters are inserted/deleted simultaneously. */ enum tcf_proto_ops_flags { TCF_PROTO_OPS_DOIT_UNLOCKED = 1, }; struct tcf_proto { /* Fast access part */ struct tcf_proto __rcu *next; void __rcu *root; /* called under RCU BH lock*/ int (*classify)(struct sk_buff *, const struct tcf_proto *, struct tcf_result *); __be16 protocol; /* All the rest */ u32 prio; void *data; const struct tcf_proto_ops *ops; struct tcf_chain *chain; /* Lock protects tcf_proto shared state and can be used by unlocked * classifiers to protect their private data. */ spinlock_t lock; bool deleting; refcount_t refcnt; struct rcu_head rcu; struct hlist_node destroy_ht_node; }; struct qdisc_skb_cb { struct { unsigned int pkt_len; u16 slave_dev_queue_mapping; u16 tc_classid; }; #define QDISC_CB_PRIV_LEN 20 unsigned char data[QDISC_CB_PRIV_LEN]; u16 mru; }; typedef void tcf_chain_head_change_t(struct tcf_proto *tp_head, void *priv); struct tcf_chain { /* Protects filter_chain. */ struct mutex filter_chain_lock; struct tcf_proto __rcu *filter_chain; struct list_head list; struct tcf_block *block; u32 index; /* chain index */ unsigned int refcnt; unsigned int action_refcnt; bool explicitly_created; bool flushing; const struct tcf_proto_ops *tmplt_ops; void *tmplt_priv; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct tcf_block { /* Lock protects tcf_block and lifetime-management data of chains * attached to the block (refcnt, action_refcnt, explicitly_created). */ struct mutex lock; struct list_head chain_list; u32 index; /* block index for shared blocks */ u32 classid; /* which class this block belongs to */ refcount_t refcnt; struct net *net; struct Qdisc *q; struct rw_semaphore cb_lock; /* protects cb_list and offload counters */ struct flow_block flow_block; struct list_head owner_list; bool keep_dst; atomic_t offloadcnt; /* Number of oddloaded filters */ unsigned int nooffloaddevcnt; /* Number of devs unable to do offload */ unsigned int lockeddevcnt; /* Number of devs that require rtnl lock. */ struct { struct tcf_chain *chain; struct list_head filter_chain_list; } chain0; struct rcu_head rcu; DECLARE_HASHTABLE(proto_destroy_ht, 7); struct mutex proto_destroy_lock; /* Lock for proto_destroy hashtable. */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING static inline bool lockdep_tcf_chain_is_locked(struct tcf_chain *chain) { return lockdep_is_held(&chain->filter_chain_lock); } static inline bool lockdep_tcf_proto_is_locked(struct tcf_proto *tp) { return lockdep_is_held(&tp->lock); } #else static inline bool lockdep_tcf_chain_is_locked(struct tcf_block *chain) { return true; } static inline bool lockdep_tcf_proto_is_locked(struct tcf_proto *tp) { return true; } #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */ #define tcf_chain_dereference(p, chain) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_tcf_chain_is_locked(chain)) #define tcf_proto_dereference(p, tp) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_tcf_proto_is_locked(tp)) static inline void qdisc_cb_private_validate(const struct sk_buff *skb, int sz) { struct qdisc_skb_cb *qcb; BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(skb->cb) < sizeof(*qcb)); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(qcb->data) < sz); } static inline int qdisc_qlen_cpu(const struct Qdisc *q) { return this_cpu_ptr(q->cpu_qstats)->qlen; } static inline int qdisc_qlen(const struct Qdisc *q) { return q->q.qlen; } static inline int qdisc_qlen_sum(const struct Qdisc *q) { __u32 qlen = q->qstats.qlen; int i; if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(q)) { for_each_possible_cpu(i) qlen += per_cpu_ptr(q->cpu_qstats, i)->qlen; } else { qlen += q->q.qlen; } return qlen; } static inline struct qdisc_skb_cb *qdisc_skb_cb(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct qdisc_skb_cb *)skb->cb; } static inline spinlock_t *qdisc_lock(struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return &qdisc->q.lock; } static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_root(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { struct Qdisc *q = rcu_dereference_rtnl(qdisc->dev_queue->qdisc); return q; } static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_root_bh(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return rcu_dereference_bh(qdisc->dev_queue->qdisc); } static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_root_sleeping(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return qdisc->dev_queue->qdisc_sleeping; } /* The qdisc root lock is a mechanism by which to top level * of a qdisc tree can be locked from any qdisc node in the * forest. This allows changing the configuration of some * aspect of the qdisc tree while blocking out asynchronous * qdisc access in the packet processing paths. * * It is only legal to do this when the root will not change * on us. Otherwise we'll potentially lock the wrong qdisc * root. This is enforced by holding the RTNL semaphore, which * all users of this lock accessor must do. */ static inline spinlock_t *qdisc_root_lock(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { struct Qdisc *root = qdisc_root(qdisc); ASSERT_RTNL(); return qdisc_lock(root); } static inline spinlock_t *qdisc_root_sleeping_lock(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { struct Qdisc *root = qdisc_root_sleeping(qdisc); ASSERT_RTNL(); return qdisc_lock(root); } static inline seqcount_t *qdisc_root_sleeping_running(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { struct Qdisc *root = qdisc_root_sleeping(qdisc); ASSERT_RTNL(); return &root->running; } static inline struct net_device *qdisc_dev(const struct Qdisc *qdisc) { return qdisc->dev_queue->dev; } static inline void sch_tree_lock(const struct Qdisc *q) { spin_lock_bh(qdisc_root_sleeping_lock(q)); } static inline void sch_tree_unlock(const struct Qdisc *q) { spin_unlock_bh(qdisc_root_sleeping_lock(q)); } extern struct Qdisc noop_qdisc; extern struct Qdisc_ops noop_qdisc_ops; extern struct Qdisc_ops pfifo_fast_ops; extern struct Qdisc_ops mq_qdisc_ops; extern struct Qdisc_ops noqueue_qdisc_ops; extern const struct Qdisc_ops *default_qdisc_ops; static inline const struct Qdisc_ops * get_default_qdisc_ops(const struct net_device *dev, int ntx) { return ntx < dev->real_num_tx_queues ? default_qdisc_ops : &pfifo_fast_ops; } struct Qdisc_class_common { u32 classid; struct hlist_node hnode; }; struct Qdisc_class_hash { struct hlist_head *hash; unsigned int hashsize; unsigned int hashmask; unsigned int hashelems; }; static inline unsigned int qdisc_class_hash(u32 id, u32 mask) { id ^= id >> 8; id ^= id >> 4; return id & mask; } static inline struct Qdisc_class_common * qdisc_class_find(const struct Qdisc_class_hash *hash, u32 id) { struct Qdisc_class_common *cl; unsigned int h; if (!id) return NULL; h = qdisc_class_hash(id, hash->hashmask); hlist_for_each_entry(cl, &hash->hash[h], hnode) { if (cl->classid == id) return cl; } return NULL; } static inline int tc_classid_to_hwtc(struct net_device *dev, u32 classid) { u32 hwtc = TC_H_MIN(classid) - TC_H_MIN_PRIORITY; return (hwtc < netdev_get_num_tc(dev)) ? hwtc : -EINVAL; } int qdisc_class_hash_init(struct Qdisc_class_hash *); void qdisc_class_hash_insert(struct Qdisc_class_hash *, struct Qdisc_class_common *); void qdisc_class_hash_remove(struct Qdisc_class_hash *, struct Qdisc_class_common *); void qdisc_class_hash_grow(struct Qdisc *, struct Qdisc_class_hash *); void qdisc_class_hash_destroy(struct Qdisc_class_hash *); int dev_qdisc_change_tx_queue_len(struct net_device *dev); void dev_qdisc_change_real_num_tx(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int new_real_tx); void dev_init_scheduler(struct net_device *dev); void dev_shutdown(struct net_device *dev); void dev_activate(struct net_device *dev); void dev_deactivate(struct net_device *dev); void dev_deactivate_many(struct list_head *head); struct Qdisc *dev_graft_qdisc(struct netdev_queue *dev_queue, struct Qdisc *qdisc); void qdisc_reset(struct Qdisc *qdisc); void qdisc_put(struct Qdisc *qdisc); void qdisc_put_unlocked(struct Qdisc *qdisc); void qdisc_tree_reduce_backlog(struct Qdisc *qdisc, int n, int len); #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SCHED int qdisc_offload_dump_helper(struct Qdisc *q, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data); void qdisc_offload_graft_helper(struct net_device *dev, struct Qdisc *sch, struct Qdisc *new, struct Qdisc *old, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); #else static inline int qdisc_offload_dump_helper(struct Qdisc *q, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data) { q->flags &= ~TCQ_F_OFFLOADED; return 0; } static inline void qdisc_offload_graft_helper(struct net_device *dev, struct Qdisc *sch, struct Qdisc *new, struct Qdisc *old, enum tc_setup_type type, void *type_data, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { } #endif struct Qdisc *qdisc_alloc(struct netdev_queue *dev_queue, const struct Qdisc_ops *ops, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void qdisc_free(struct Qdisc *qdisc); struct Qdisc *qdisc_create_dflt(struct netdev_queue *dev_queue, const struct Qdisc_ops *ops, u32 parentid, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); void __qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct qdisc_size_table *stab); int skb_do_redirect(struct sk_buff *); static inline bool skb_at_tc_ingress(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT return skb->tc_at_ingress; #else return false; #endif } static inline bool skb_skip_tc_classify(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT if (skb->tc_skip_classify) { skb->tc_skip_classify = 0; return true; } #endif return false; } /* Reset all TX qdiscs greater than index of a device. */ static inline void qdisc_reset_all_tx_gt(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int i) { struct Qdisc *qdisc; for (; i < dev->num_tx_queues; i++) { qdisc = rtnl_dereference(netdev_get_tx_queue(dev, i)->qdisc); if (qdisc) { spin_lock_bh(qdisc_lock(qdisc)); qdisc_reset(qdisc); spin_unlock_bh(qdisc_lock(qdisc)); } } } /* Are all TX queues of the device empty? */ static inline bool qdisc_all_tx_empty(const struct net_device *dev) { unsigned int i; rcu_read_lock(); for (i = 0; i < dev->num_tx_queues; i++) { struct netdev_queue *txq = netdev_get_tx_queue(dev, i); const struct Qdisc *q = rcu_dereference(txq->qdisc); if (!qdisc_is_empty(q)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return false; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return true; } /* Are any of the TX qdiscs changing? */ static inline bool qdisc_tx_changing(const struct net_device *dev) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < dev->num_tx_queues; i++) { struct netdev_queue *txq = netdev_get_tx_queue(dev, i); if (rcu_access_pointer(txq->qdisc) != txq->qdisc_sleeping) return true; } return false; } /* Is the device using the noop qdisc on all queues? */ static inline bool qdisc_tx_is_noop(const struct net_device *dev) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < dev->num_tx_queues; i++) { struct netdev_queue *txq = netdev_get_tx_queue(dev, i); if (rcu_access_pointer(txq->qdisc) != &noop_qdisc) return false; } return true; } static inline unsigned int qdisc_pkt_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return qdisc_skb_cb(skb)->pkt_len; } /* additional qdisc xmit flags (NET_XMIT_MASK in linux/netdevice.h) */ enum net_xmit_qdisc_t { __NET_XMIT_STOLEN = 0x00010000, __NET_XMIT_BYPASS = 0x00020000, }; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT #define net_xmit_drop_count(e) ((e) & __NET_XMIT_STOLEN ? 0 : 1) #else #define net_xmit_drop_count(e) (1) #endif static inline void qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct Qdisc *sch) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SCHED struct qdisc_size_table *stab = rcu_dereference_bh(sch->stab); if (stab) __qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(skb, stab); #endif } static inline int qdisc_enqueue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free) { qdisc_calculate_pkt_len(skb, sch); return sch->enqueue(skb, sch, to_free); } static inline void _bstats_update(struct gnet_stats_basic_packed *bstats, __u64 bytes, __u32 packets) { bstats->bytes += bytes; bstats->packets += packets; } static inline void bstats_update(struct gnet_stats_basic_packed *bstats, const struct sk_buff *skb) { _bstats_update(bstats, qdisc_pkt_len(skb), skb_is_gso(skb) ? skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs : 1); } static inline void _bstats_cpu_update(struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu *bstats, __u64 bytes, __u32 packets) { u64_stats_update_begin(&bstats->syncp); _bstats_update(&bstats->bstats, bytes, packets); u64_stats_update_end(&bstats->syncp); } static inline void bstats_cpu_update(struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu *bstats, const struct sk_buff *skb) { u64_stats_update_begin(&bstats->syncp); bstats_update(&bstats->bstats, skb); u64_stats_update_end(&bstats->syncp); } static inline void qdisc_bstats_cpu_update(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { bstats_cpu_update(this_cpu_ptr(sch->cpu_bstats), skb); } static inline void qdisc_bstats_update(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { bstats_update(&sch->bstats, skb); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { sch->qstats.backlog -= qdisc_pkt_len(skb); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_backlog_dec(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { this_cpu_sub(sch->cpu_qstats->backlog, qdisc_pkt_len(skb)); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_backlog_inc(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { sch->qstats.backlog += qdisc_pkt_len(skb); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_backlog_inc(struct Qdisc *sch, const struct sk_buff *skb) { this_cpu_add(sch->cpu_qstats->backlog, qdisc_pkt_len(skb)); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_inc(struct Qdisc *sch) { this_cpu_inc(sch->cpu_qstats->qlen); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_dec(struct Qdisc *sch) { this_cpu_dec(sch->cpu_qstats->qlen); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_requeues_inc(struct Qdisc *sch) { this_cpu_inc(sch->cpu_qstats->requeues); } static inline void __qdisc_qstats_drop(struct Qdisc *sch, int count) { sch->qstats.drops += count; } static inline void qstats_drop_inc(struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats) { qstats->drops++; } static inline void qstats_overlimit_inc(struct gnet_stats_queue *qstats) { qstats->overlimits++; } static inline void qdisc_qstats_drop(struct Qdisc *sch) { qstats_drop_inc(&sch->qstats); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_cpu_drop(struct Qdisc *sch) { this_cpu_inc(sch->cpu_qstats->drops); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_overlimit(struct Qdisc *sch) { sch->qstats.overlimits++; } static inline int qdisc_qstats_copy(struct gnet_dump *d, struct Qdisc *sch) { __u32 qlen = qdisc_qlen_sum(sch); return gnet_stats_copy_queue(d, sch->cpu_qstats, &sch->qstats, qlen); } static inline void qdisc_qstats_qlen_backlog(struct Qdisc *sch, __u32 *qlen, __u32 *backlog) { struct gnet_stats_queue qstats = { 0 }; __u32 len = qdisc_qlen_sum(sch); __gnet_stats_copy_queue(&qstats, sch->cpu_qstats, &sch->qstats, len); *qlen = qstats.qlen; *backlog = qstats.backlog; } static inline void qdisc_tree_flush_backlog(struct Qdisc *sch) { __u32 qlen, backlog; qdisc_qstats_qlen_backlog(sch, &qlen, &backlog); qdisc_tree_reduce_backlog(sch, qlen, backlog); } static inline void qdisc_purge_queue(struct Qdisc *sch) { __u32 qlen, backlog; qdisc_qstats_qlen_backlog(sch, &qlen, &backlog); qdisc_reset(sch); qdisc_tree_reduce_backlog(sch, qlen, backlog); } static inline void qdisc_skb_head_init(struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { qh->head = NULL; qh->tail = NULL; qh->qlen = 0; } static inline void __qdisc_enqueue_tail(struct sk_buff *skb, struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { struct sk_buff *last = qh->tail; if (last) { skb->next = NULL; last->next = skb; qh->tail = skb; } else { qh->tail = skb; qh->head = skb; } qh->qlen++; } static inline int qdisc_enqueue_tail(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch) { __qdisc_enqueue_tail(skb, &sch->q); qdisc_qstats_backlog_inc(sch, skb); return NET_XMIT_SUCCESS; } static inline void __qdisc_enqueue_head(struct sk_buff *skb, struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { skb->next = qh->head; if (!qh->head) qh->tail = skb; qh->head = skb; qh->qlen++; } static inline struct sk_buff *__qdisc_dequeue_head(struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { struct sk_buff *skb = qh->head; if (likely(skb != NULL)) { qh->head = skb->next; qh->qlen--; if (qh->head == NULL) qh->tail = NULL; skb->next = NULL; } return skb; } static inline struct sk_buff *qdisc_dequeue_head(struct Qdisc *sch) { struct sk_buff *skb = __qdisc_dequeue_head(&sch->q); if (likely(skb != NULL)) { qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(sch, skb); qdisc_bstats_update(sch, skb); } return skb; } /* Instead of calling kfree_skb() while root qdisc lock is held, * queue the skb for future freeing at end of __dev_xmit_skb() */ static inline void __qdisc_drop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff **to_free) { skb->next = *to_free; *to_free = skb; } static inline void __qdisc_drop_all(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff **to_free) { if (skb->prev) skb->prev->next = *to_free; else skb->next = *to_free; *to_free = skb; } static inline unsigned int __qdisc_queue_drop_head(struct Qdisc *sch, struct qdisc_skb_head *qh, struct sk_buff **to_free) { struct sk_buff *skb = __qdisc_dequeue_head(qh); if (likely(skb != NULL)) { unsigned int len = qdisc_pkt_len(skb); qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(sch, skb); __qdisc_drop(skb, to_free); return len; } return 0; } static inline struct sk_buff *qdisc_peek_head(struct Qdisc *sch) { const struct qdisc_skb_head *qh = &sch->q; return qh->head; } /* generic pseudo peek method for non-work-conserving qdisc */ static inline struct sk_buff *qdisc_peek_dequeued(struct Qdisc *sch) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek(&sch->gso_skb); /* we can reuse ->gso_skb because peek isn't called for root qdiscs */ if (!skb) { skb = sch->dequeue(sch); if (skb) { __skb_queue_head(&sch->gso_skb, skb); /* it's still part of the queue */ qdisc_qstats_backlog_inc(sch, skb); sch->q.qlen++; } } return skb; } static inline void qdisc_update_stats_at_dequeue(struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb) { if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(sch)) { qdisc_qstats_cpu_backlog_dec(sch, skb); qdisc_bstats_cpu_update(sch, skb); qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_dec(sch); } else { qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(sch, skb); qdisc_bstats_update(sch, skb); sch->q.qlen--; } } static inline void qdisc_update_stats_at_enqueue(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned int pkt_len) { if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(sch)) { qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_inc(sch); this_cpu_add(sch->cpu_qstats->backlog, pkt_len); } else { sch->qstats.backlog += pkt_len; sch->q.qlen++; } } /* use instead of qdisc->dequeue() for all qdiscs queried with ->peek() */ static inline struct sk_buff *qdisc_dequeue_peeked(struct Qdisc *sch) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek(&sch->gso_skb); if (skb) { skb = __skb_dequeue(&sch->gso_skb); if (qdisc_is_percpu_stats(sch)) { qdisc_qstats_cpu_backlog_dec(sch, skb); qdisc_qstats_cpu_qlen_dec(sch); } else { qdisc_qstats_backlog_dec(sch, skb); sch->q.qlen--; } } else { skb = sch->dequeue(sch); } return skb; } static inline void __qdisc_reset_queue(struct qdisc_skb_head *qh) { /* * We do not know the backlog in bytes of this list, it * is up to the caller to correct it */ ASSERT_RTNL(); if (qh->qlen) { rtnl_kfree_skbs(qh->head, qh->tail); qh->head = NULL; qh->tail = NULL; qh->qlen = 0; } } static inline void qdisc_reset_queue(struct Qdisc *sch) { __qdisc_reset_queue(&sch->q); sch->qstats.backlog = 0; } static inline struct Qdisc *qdisc_replace(struct Qdisc *sch, struct Qdisc *new, struct Qdisc **pold) { struct Qdisc *old; sch_tree_lock(sch); old = *pold; *pold = new; if (old != NULL) qdisc_purge_queue(old); sch_tree_unlock(sch); return old; } static inline void rtnl_qdisc_drop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch) { rtnl_kfree_skbs(skb, skb); qdisc_qstats_drop(sch); } static inline int qdisc_drop_cpu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free) { __qdisc_drop(skb, to_free); qdisc_qstats_cpu_drop(sch); return NET_XMIT_DROP; } static inline int qdisc_drop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free) { __qdisc_drop(skb, to_free); qdisc_qstats_drop(sch); return NET_XMIT_DROP; } static inline int qdisc_drop_all(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff **to_free) { __qdisc_drop_all(skb, to_free); qdisc_qstats_drop(sch); return NET_XMIT_DROP; } /* Length to Time (L2T) lookup in a qdisc_rate_table, to determine how long it will take to send a packet given its size. */ static inline u32 qdisc_l2t(struct qdisc_rate_table* rtab, unsigned int pktlen) { int slot = pktlen + rtab->rate.cell_align + rtab->rate.overhead; if (slot < 0) slot = 0; slot >>= rtab->rate.cell_log; if (slot > 255) return rtab->data[255]*(slot >> 8) + rtab->data[slot & 0xFF]; return rtab->data[slot]; } struct psched_ratecfg { u64 rate_bytes_ps; /* bytes per second */ u32 mult; u16 overhead; u8 linklayer; u8 shift; }; static inline u64 psched_l2t_ns(const struct psched_ratecfg *r, unsigned int len) { len += r->overhead; if (unlikely(r->linklayer == TC_LINKLAYER_ATM)) return ((u64)(DIV_ROUND_UP(len,48)*53) * r->mult) >> r->shift; return ((u64)len * r->mult) >> r->shift; } void psched_ratecfg_precompute(struct psched_ratecfg *r, const struct tc_ratespec *conf, u64 rate64); static inline void psched_ratecfg_getrate(struct tc_ratespec *res, const struct psched_ratecfg *r) { memset(res, 0, sizeof(*res)); /* legacy struct tc_ratespec has a 32bit @rate field * Qdisc using 64bit rate should add new attributes * in order to maintain compatibility. */ res->rate = min_t(u64, r->rate_bytes_ps, ~0U); res->overhead = r->overhead; res->linklayer = (r->linklayer & TC_LINKLAYER_MASK); } /* Mini Qdisc serves for specific needs of ingress/clsact Qdisc. * The fast path only needs to access filter list and to update stats */ struct mini_Qdisc { struct tcf_proto *filter_list; struct tcf_block *block; struct gnet_stats_basic_cpu __percpu *cpu_bstats; struct gnet_stats_queue __percpu *cpu_qstats; struct rcu_head rcu; }; static inline void mini_qdisc_bstats_cpu_update(struct mini_Qdisc *miniq, const struct sk_buff *skb) { bstats_cpu_update(this_cpu_ptr(miniq->cpu_bstats), skb); } static inline void mini_qdisc_qstats_cpu_drop(struct mini_Qdisc *miniq) { this_cpu_inc(miniq->cpu_qstats->drops); } struct mini_Qdisc_pair { struct mini_Qdisc miniq1; struct mini_Qdisc miniq2; struct mini_Qdisc __rcu **p_miniq; }; void mini_qdisc_pair_swap(struct mini_Qdisc_pair *miniqp, struct tcf_proto *tp_head); void mini_qdisc_pair_init(struct mini_Qdisc_pair *miniqp, struct Qdisc *qdisc, struct mini_Qdisc __rcu **p_miniq); void mini_qdisc_pair_block_init(struct mini_Qdisc_pair *miniqp, struct tcf_block *block); static inline int skb_tc_reinsert(struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcf_result *res) { return res->ingress ? netif_receive_skb(skb) : dev_queue_xmit(skb); } #endif
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4594 4595 4596 4597 4598 4599 4600 4601 4602 4603 4604 4605 4606 4607 4608 4609 4610 4611 4612 4613 4614 4615 4616 4617 4618 4619 4620 4621 4622 4623 4624 4625 4626 4627 4628 4629 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/kernel/signal.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * * 1997-11-02 Modified for POSIX.1b signals by Richard Henderson * * 2003-06-02 Jim Houston - Concurrent Computer Corp. * Changes to use preallocated sigqueue structures * to allow signals to be sent reliably. */ #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/user.h> #include <linux/sched/debug.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h> #include <linux/sched/cputime.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/tty.h> #include <linux/binfmts.h> #include <linux/coredump.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/signal.h> #include <linux/signalfd.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <linux/tracehook.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/uprobes.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/cn_proc.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/posix-timers.h> #include <linux/livepatch.h> #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/signal.h> #include <asm/param.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/unistd.h> #include <asm/siginfo.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> /* * SLAB caches for signal bits. */ static struct kmem_cache *sigqueue_cachep; int print_fatal_signals __read_mostly; static void __user *sig_handler(struct task_struct *t, int sig) { return t->sighand->action[sig - 1].sa.sa_handler; } static inline bool sig_handler_ignored(void __user *handler, int sig) { /* Is it explicitly or implicitly ignored? */ return handler == SIG_IGN || (handler == SIG_DFL && sig_kernel_ignore(sig)); } static bool sig_task_ignored(struct task_struct *t, int sig, bool force) { void __user *handler; handler = sig_handler(t, sig); /* SIGKILL and SIGSTOP may not be sent to the global init */ if (unlikely(is_global_init(t) && sig_kernel_only(sig))) return true; if (unlikely(t->signal->flags & SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE) && handler == SIG_DFL && !(force && sig_kernel_only(sig))) return true; /* Only allow kernel generated signals to this kthread */ if (unlikely((t->flags & PF_KTHREAD) && (handler == SIG_KTHREAD_KERNEL) && !force)) return true; return sig_handler_ignored(handler, sig); } static bool sig_ignored(struct task_struct *t, int sig, bool force) { /* * Blocked signals are never ignored, since the * signal handler may change by the time it is * unblocked. */ if (sigismember(&t->blocked, sig) || sigismember(&t->real_blocked, sig)) return false; /* * Tracers may want to know about even ignored signal unless it * is SIGKILL which can't be reported anyway but can be ignored * by SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE task. */ if (t->ptrace && sig != SIGKILL) return false; return sig_task_ignored(t, sig, force); } /* * Re-calculate pending state from the set of locally pending * signals, globally pending signals, and blocked signals. */ static inline bool has_pending_signals(sigset_t *signal, sigset_t *blocked) { unsigned long ready; long i; switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { default: for (i = _NSIG_WORDS, ready = 0; --i >= 0 ;) ready |= signal->sig[i] &~ blocked->sig[i]; break; case 4: ready = signal->sig[3] &~ blocked->sig[3]; ready |= signal->sig[2] &~ blocked->sig[2]; ready |= signal->sig[1] &~ blocked->sig[1]; ready |= signal->sig[0] &~ blocked->sig[0]; break; case 2: ready = signal->sig[1] &~ blocked->sig[1]; ready |= signal->sig[0] &~ blocked->sig[0]; break; case 1: ready = signal->sig[0] &~ blocked->sig[0]; } return ready != 0; } #define PENDING(p,b) has_pending_signals(&(p)->signal, (b)) static bool recalc_sigpending_tsk(struct task_struct *t) { if ((t->jobctl & (JOBCTL_PENDING_MASK | JOBCTL_TRAP_FREEZE)) || PENDING(&t->pending, &t->blocked) || PENDING(&t->signal->shared_pending, &t->blocked) || cgroup_task_frozen(t)) { set_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_SIGPENDING); return true; } /* * We must never clear the flag in another thread, or in current * when it's possible the current syscall is returning -ERESTART*. * So we don't clear it here, and only callers who know they should do. */ return false; } /* * After recalculating TIF_SIGPENDING, we need to make sure the task wakes up. * This is superfluous when called on current, the wakeup is a harmless no-op. */ void recalc_sigpending_and_wake(struct task_struct *t) { if (recalc_sigpending_tsk(t)) signal_wake_up(t, 0); } void recalc_sigpending(void) { if (!recalc_sigpending_tsk(current) && !freezing(current) && !klp_patch_pending(current)) clear_thread_flag(TIF_SIGPENDING); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(recalc_sigpending); void calculate_sigpending(void) { /* Have any signals or users of TIF_SIGPENDING been delayed * until after fork? */ spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); set_tsk_thread_flag(current, TIF_SIGPENDING); recalc_sigpending(); spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); } /* Given the mask, find the first available signal that should be serviced. */ #define SYNCHRONOUS_MASK \ (sigmask(SIGSEGV) | sigmask(SIGBUS) | sigmask(SIGILL) | \ sigmask(SIGTRAP) | sigmask(SIGFPE) | sigmask(SIGSYS)) int next_signal(struct sigpending *pending, sigset_t *mask) { unsigned long i, *s, *m, x; int sig = 0; s = pending->signal.sig; m = mask->sig; /* * Handle the first word specially: it contains the * synchronous signals that need to be dequeued first. */ x = *s &~ *m; if (x) { if (x & SYNCHRONOUS_MASK) x &= SYNCHRONOUS_MASK; sig = ffz(~x) + 1; return sig; } switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { default: for (i = 1; i < _NSIG_WORDS; ++i) { x = *++s &~ *++m; if (!x) continue; sig = ffz(~x) + i*_NSIG_BPW + 1; break; } break; case 2: x = s[1] &~ m[1]; if (!x) break; sig = ffz(~x) + _NSIG_BPW + 1; break; case 1: /* Nothing to do */ break; } return sig; } static inline void print_dropped_signal(int sig) { static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(ratelimit_state, 5 * HZ, 10); if (!print_fatal_signals) return; if (!__ratelimit(&ratelimit_state)) return; pr_info("%s/%d: reached RLIMIT_SIGPENDING, dropped signal %d\n", current->comm, current->pid, sig); } /** * task_set_jobctl_pending - set jobctl pending bits * @task: target task * @mask: pending bits to set * * Clear @mask from @task->jobctl. @mask must be subset of * %JOBCTL_PENDING_MASK | %JOBCTL_STOP_CONSUME | %JOBCTL_STOP_SIGMASK | * %JOBCTL_TRAPPING. If stop signo is being set, the existing signo is * cleared. If @task is already being killed or exiting, this function * becomes noop. * * CONTEXT: * Must be called with @task->sighand->siglock held. * * RETURNS: * %true if @mask is set, %false if made noop because @task was dying. */ bool task_set_jobctl_pending(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long mask) { BUG_ON(mask & ~(JOBCTL_PENDING_MASK | JOBCTL_STOP_CONSUME | JOBCTL_STOP_SIGMASK | JOBCTL_TRAPPING)); BUG_ON((mask & JOBCTL_TRAPPING) && !(mask & JOBCTL_PENDING_MASK)); if (unlikely(fatal_signal_pending(task) || (task->flags & PF_EXITING))) return false; if (mask & JOBCTL_STOP_SIGMASK) task->jobctl &= ~JOBCTL_STOP_SIGMASK; task->jobctl |= mask; return true; } /** * task_clear_jobctl_trapping - clear jobctl trapping bit * @task: target task * * If JOBCTL_TRAPPING is set, a ptracer is waiting for us to enter TRACED. * Clear it and wake up the ptracer. Note that we don't need any further * locking. @task->siglock guarantees that @task->parent points to the * ptracer. * * CONTEXT: * Must be called with @task->sighand->siglock held. */ void task_clear_jobctl_trapping(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task->jobctl & JOBCTL_TRAPPING)) { task->jobctl &= ~JOBCTL_TRAPPING; smp_mb(); /* advised by wake_up_bit() */ wake_up_bit(&task->jobctl, JOBCTL_TRAPPING_BIT); } } /** * task_clear_jobctl_pending - clear jobctl pending bits * @task: target task * @mask: pending bits to clear * * Clear @mask from @task->jobctl. @mask must be subset of * %JOBCTL_PENDING_MASK. If %JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING is being cleared, other * STOP bits are cleared together. * * If clearing of @mask leaves no stop or trap pending, this function calls * task_clear_jobctl_trapping(). * * CONTEXT: * Must be called with @task->sighand->siglock held. */ void task_clear_jobctl_pending(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long mask) { BUG_ON(mask & ~JOBCTL_PENDING_MASK); if (mask & JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING) mask |= JOBCTL_STOP_CONSUME | JOBCTL_STOP_DEQUEUED; task->jobctl &= ~mask; if (!(task->jobctl & JOBCTL_PENDING_MASK)) task_clear_jobctl_trapping(task); } /** * task_participate_group_stop - participate in a group stop * @task: task participating in a group stop * * @task has %JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING set and is participating in a group stop. * Group stop states are cleared and the group stop count is consumed if * %JOBCTL_STOP_CONSUME was set. If the consumption completes the group * stop, the appropriate `SIGNAL_*` flags are set. * * CONTEXT: * Must be called with @task->sighand->siglock held. * * RETURNS: * %true if group stop completion should be notified to the parent, %false * otherwise. */ static bool task_participate_group_stop(struct task_struct *task) { struct signal_struct *sig = task->signal; bool consume = task->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_CONSUME; WARN_ON_ONCE(!(task->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING)); task_clear_jobctl_pending(task, JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING); if (!consume) return false; if (!WARN_ON_ONCE(sig->group_stop_count == 0)) sig->group_stop_count--; /* * Tell the caller to notify completion iff we are entering into a * fresh group stop. Read comment in do_signal_stop() for details. */ if (!sig->group_stop_count && !(sig->flags & SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED)) { signal_set_stop_flags(sig, SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED); return true; } return false; } void task_join_group_stop(struct task_struct *task) { unsigned long mask = current->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_SIGMASK; struct signal_struct *sig = current->signal; if (sig->group_stop_count) { sig->group_stop_count++; mask |= JOBCTL_STOP_CONSUME; } else if (!(sig->flags & SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED)) return; /* Have the new thread join an on-going signal group stop */ task_set_jobctl_pending(task, mask | JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING); } /* * allocate a new signal queue record * - this may be called without locks if and only if t == current, otherwise an * appropriate lock must be held to stop the target task from exiting */ static struct sigqueue * __sigqueue_alloc(int sig, struct task_struct *t, gfp_t flags, int override_rlimit) { struct sigqueue *q = NULL; struct user_struct *user; int sigpending; /* * Protect access to @t credentials. This can go away when all * callers hold rcu read lock. * * NOTE! A pending signal will hold on to the user refcount, * and we get/put the refcount only when the sigpending count * changes from/to zero. */ rcu_read_lock(); user = __task_cred(t)->user; sigpending = atomic_inc_return(&user->sigpending); if (sigpending == 1) get_uid(user); rcu_read_unlock(); if (override_rlimit || likely(sigpending <= task_rlimit(t, RLIMIT_SIGPENDING))) { q = kmem_cache_alloc(sigqueue_cachep, flags); } else { print_dropped_signal(sig); } if (unlikely(q == NULL)) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&user->sigpending)) free_uid(user); } else { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&q->list); q->flags = 0; q->user = user; } return q; } static void __sigqueue_free(struct sigqueue *q) { if (q->flags & SIGQUEUE_PREALLOC) return; if (atomic_dec_and_test(&q->user->sigpending)) free_uid(q->user); kmem_cache_free(sigqueue_cachep, q); } void flush_sigqueue(struct sigpending *queue) { struct sigqueue *q; sigemptyset(&queue->signal); while (!list_empty(&queue->list)) { q = list_entry(queue->list.next, struct sigqueue , list); list_del_init(&q->list); __sigqueue_free(q); } } /* * Flush all pending signals for this kthread. */ void flush_signals(struct task_struct *t) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&t->sighand->siglock, flags); clear_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_SIGPENDING); flush_sigqueue(&t->pending); flush_sigqueue(&t->signal->shared_pending); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&t->sighand->siglock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(flush_signals); #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS static void __flush_itimer_signals(struct sigpending *pending) { sigset_t signal, retain; struct sigqueue *q, *n; signal = pending->signal; sigemptyset(&retain); list_for_each_entry_safe(q, n, &pending->list, list) { int sig = q->info.si_signo; if (likely(q->info.si_code != SI_TIMER)) { sigaddset(&retain, sig); } else { sigdelset(&signal, sig); list_del_init(&q->list); __sigqueue_free(q); } } sigorsets(&pending->signal, &signal, &retain); } void flush_itimer_signals(void) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&tsk->sighand->siglock, flags); __flush_itimer_signals(&tsk->pending); __flush_itimer_signals(&tsk->signal->shared_pending); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tsk->sighand->siglock, flags); } #endif void ignore_signals(struct task_struct *t) { int i; for (i = 0; i < _NSIG; ++i) t->sighand->action[i].sa.sa_handler = SIG_IGN; flush_signals(t); } /* * Flush all handlers for a task. */ void flush_signal_handlers(struct task_struct *t, int force_default) { int i; struct k_sigaction *ka = &t->sighand->action[0]; for (i = _NSIG ; i != 0 ; i--) { if (force_default || ka->sa.sa_handler != SIG_IGN) ka->sa.sa_handler = SIG_DFL; ka->sa.sa_flags = 0; #ifdef __ARCH_HAS_SA_RESTORER ka->sa.sa_restorer = NULL; #endif sigemptyset(&ka->sa.sa_mask); ka++; } } bool unhandled_signal(struct task_struct *tsk, int sig) { void __user *handler = tsk->sighand->action[sig-1].sa.sa_handler; if (is_global_init(tsk)) return true; if (handler != SIG_IGN && handler != SIG_DFL) return false; /* if ptraced, let the tracer determine */ return !tsk->ptrace; } static void collect_signal(int sig, struct sigpending *list, kernel_siginfo_t *info, bool *resched_timer) { struct sigqueue *q, *first = NULL; /* * Collect the siginfo appropriate to this signal. Check if * there is another siginfo for the same signal. */ list_for_each_entry(q, &list->list, list) { if (q->info.si_signo == sig) { if (first) goto still_pending; first = q; } } sigdelset(&list->signal, sig); if (first) { still_pending: list_del_init(&first->list); copy_siginfo(info, &first->info); *resched_timer = (first->flags & SIGQUEUE_PREALLOC) && (info->si_code == SI_TIMER) && (info->si_sys_private); __sigqueue_free(first); } else { /* * Ok, it wasn't in the queue. This must be * a fast-pathed signal or we must have been * out of queue space. So zero out the info. */ clear_siginfo(info); info->si_signo = sig; info->si_errno = 0; info->si_code = SI_USER; info->si_pid = 0; info->si_uid = 0; } } static int __dequeue_signal(struct sigpending *pending, sigset_t *mask, kernel_siginfo_t *info, bool *resched_timer) { int sig = next_signal(pending, mask); if (sig) collect_signal(sig, pending, info, resched_timer); return sig; } /* * Dequeue a signal and return the element to the caller, which is * expected to free it. * * All callers have to hold the siglock. */ int dequeue_signal(struct task_struct *tsk, sigset_t *mask, kernel_siginfo_t *info) { bool resched_timer = false; int signr; /* We only dequeue private signals from ourselves, we don't let * signalfd steal them */ signr = __dequeue_signal(&tsk->pending, mask, info, &resched_timer); if (!signr) { signr = __dequeue_signal(&tsk->signal->shared_pending, mask, info, &resched_timer); #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS /* * itimer signal ? * * itimers are process shared and we restart periodic * itimers in the signal delivery path to prevent DoS * attacks in the high resolution timer case. This is * compliant with the old way of self-restarting * itimers, as the SIGALRM is a legacy signal and only * queued once. Changing the restart behaviour to * restart the timer in the signal dequeue path is * reducing the timer noise on heavy loaded !highres * systems too. */ if (unlikely(signr == SIGALRM)) { struct hrtimer *tmr = &tsk->signal->real_timer; if (!hrtimer_is_queued(tmr) && tsk->signal->it_real_incr != 0) { hrtimer_forward(tmr, tmr->base->get_time(), tsk->signal->it_real_incr); hrtimer_restart(tmr); } } #endif } recalc_sigpending(); if (!signr) return 0; if (unlikely(sig_kernel_stop(signr))) { /* * Set a marker that we have dequeued a stop signal. Our * caller might release the siglock and then the pending * stop signal it is about to process is no longer in the * pending bitmasks, but must still be cleared by a SIGCONT * (and overruled by a SIGKILL). So those cases clear this * shared flag after we've set it. Note that this flag may * remain set after the signal we return is ignored or * handled. That doesn't matter because its only purpose * is to alert stop-signal processing code when another * processor has come along and cleared the flag. */ current->jobctl |= JOBCTL_STOP_DEQUEUED; } #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS if (resched_timer) { /* * Release the siglock to ensure proper locking order * of timer locks outside of siglocks. Note, we leave * irqs disabled here, since the posix-timers code is * about to disable them again anyway. */ spin_unlock(&tsk->sighand->siglock); posixtimer_rearm(info); spin_lock(&tsk->sighand->siglock); /* Don't expose the si_sys_private value to userspace */ info->si_sys_private = 0; } #endif return signr; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dequeue_signal); static int dequeue_synchronous_signal(kernel_siginfo_t *info) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; struct sigpending *pending = &tsk->pending; struct sigqueue *q, *sync = NULL; /* * Might a synchronous signal be in the queue? */ if (!((pending->signal.sig[0] & ~tsk->blocked.sig[0]) & SYNCHRONOUS_MASK)) return 0; /* * Return the first synchronous signal in the queue. */ list_for_each_entry(q, &pending->list, list) { /* Synchronous signals have a positive si_code */ if ((q->info.si_code > SI_USER) && (sigmask(q->info.si_signo) & SYNCHRONOUS_MASK)) { sync = q; goto next; } } return 0; next: /* * Check if there is another siginfo for the same signal. */ list_for_each_entry_continue(q, &pending->list, list) { if (q->info.si_signo == sync->info.si_signo) goto still_pending; } sigdelset(&pending->signal, sync->info.si_signo); recalc_sigpending(); still_pending: list_del_init(&sync->list); copy_siginfo(info, &sync->info); __sigqueue_free(sync); return info->si_signo; } /* * Tell a process that it has a new active signal.. * * NOTE! we rely on the previous spin_lock to * lock interrupts for us! We can only be called with * "siglock" held, and the local interrupt must * have been disabled when that got acquired! * * No need to set need_resched since signal event passing * goes through ->blocked */ void signal_wake_up_state(struct task_struct *t, unsigned int state) { set_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_SIGPENDING); /* * TASK_WAKEKILL also means wake it up in the stopped/traced/killable * case. We don't check t->state here because there is a race with it * executing another processor and just now entering stopped state. * By using wake_up_state, we ensure the process will wake up and * handle its death signal. */ if (!wake_up_state(t, state | TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE)) kick_process(t); } /* * Remove signals in mask from the pending set and queue. * Returns 1 if any signals were found. * * All callers must be holding the siglock. */ static void flush_sigqueue_mask(sigset_t *mask, struct sigpending *s) { struct sigqueue *q, *n; sigset_t m; sigandsets(&m, mask, &s->signal); if (sigisemptyset(&m)) return; sigandnsets(&s->signal, &s->signal, mask); list_for_each_entry_safe(q, n, &s->list, list) { if (sigismember(mask, q->info.si_signo)) { list_del_init(&q->list); __sigqueue_free(q); } } } static inline int is_si_special(const struct kernel_siginfo *info) { return info <= SEND_SIG_PRIV; } static inline bool si_fromuser(const struct kernel_siginfo *info) { return info == SEND_SIG_NOINFO || (!is_si_special(info) && SI_FROMUSER(info)); } /* * called with RCU read lock from check_kill_permission() */ static bool kill_ok_by_cred(struct task_struct *t) { const struct cred *cred = current_cred(); const struct cred *tcred = __task_cred(t); return uid_eq(cred->euid, tcred->suid) || uid_eq(cred->euid, tcred->uid) || uid_eq(cred->uid, tcred->suid) || uid_eq(cred->uid, tcred->uid) || ns_capable(tcred->user_ns, CAP_KILL); } /* * Bad permissions for sending the signal * - the caller must hold the RCU read lock */ static int check_kill_permission(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct task_struct *t) { struct pid *sid; int error; if (!valid_signal(sig)) return -EINVAL; if (!si_fromuser(info)) return 0; error = audit_signal_info(sig, t); /* Let audit system see the signal */ if (error) return error; if (!same_thread_group(current, t) && !kill_ok_by_cred(t)) { switch (sig) { case SIGCONT: sid = task_session(t); /* * We don't return the error if sid == NULL. The * task was unhashed, the caller must notice this. */ if (!sid || sid == task_session(current)) break; fallthrough; default: return -EPERM; } } return security_task_kill(t, info, sig, NULL); } /** * ptrace_trap_notify - schedule trap to notify ptracer * @t: tracee wanting to notify tracer * * This function schedules sticky ptrace trap which is cleared on the next * TRAP_STOP to notify ptracer of an event. @t must have been seized by * ptracer. * * If @t is running, STOP trap will be taken. If trapped for STOP and * ptracer is listening for events, tracee is woken up so that it can * re-trap for the new event. If trapped otherwise, STOP trap will be * eventually taken without returning to userland after the existing traps * are finished by PTRACE_CONT. * * CONTEXT: * Must be called with @task->sighand->siglock held. */ static void ptrace_trap_notify(struct task_struct *t) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!(t->ptrace & PT_SEIZED)); assert_spin_locked(&t->sighand->siglock); task_set_jobctl_pending(t, JOBCTL_TRAP_NOTIFY); ptrace_signal_wake_up(t, t->jobctl & JOBCTL_LISTENING); } /* * Handle magic process-wide effects of stop/continue signals. Unlike * the signal actions, these happen immediately at signal-generation * time regardless of blocking, ignoring, or handling. This does the * actual continuing for SIGCONT, but not the actual stopping for stop * signals. The process stop is done as a signal action for SIG_DFL. * * Returns true if the signal should be actually delivered, otherwise * it should be dropped. */ static bool prepare_signal(int sig, struct task_struct *p, bool force) { struct signal_struct *signal = p->signal; struct task_struct *t; sigset_t flush; if (signal->flags & (SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT | SIGNAL_GROUP_COREDUMP)) { if (!(signal->flags & SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT)) return sig == SIGKILL; /* * The process is in the middle of dying, nothing to do. */ } else if (sig_kernel_stop(sig)) { /* * This is a stop signal. Remove SIGCONT from all queues. */ siginitset(&flush, sigmask(SIGCONT)); flush_sigqueue_mask(&flush, &signal->shared_pending); for_each_thread(p, t) flush_sigqueue_mask(&flush, &t->pending); } else if (sig == SIGCONT) { unsigned int why; /* * Remove all stop signals from all queues, wake all threads. */ siginitset(&flush, SIG_KERNEL_STOP_MASK); flush_sigqueue_mask(&flush, &signal->shared_pending); for_each_thread(p, t) { flush_sigqueue_mask(&flush, &t->pending); task_clear_jobctl_pending(t, JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING); if (likely(!(t->ptrace & PT_SEIZED))) wake_up_state(t, __TASK_STOPPED); else ptrace_trap_notify(t); } /* * Notify the parent with CLD_CONTINUED if we were stopped. * * If we were in the middle of a group stop, we pretend it * was already finished, and then continued. Since SIGCHLD * doesn't queue we report only CLD_STOPPED, as if the next * CLD_CONTINUED was dropped. */ why = 0; if (signal->flags & SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED) why |= SIGNAL_CLD_CONTINUED; else if (signal->group_stop_count) why |= SIGNAL_CLD_STOPPED; if (why) { /* * The first thread which returns from do_signal_stop() * will take ->siglock, notice SIGNAL_CLD_MASK, and * notify its parent. See get_signal(). */ signal_set_stop_flags(signal, why | SIGNAL_STOP_CONTINUED); signal->group_stop_count = 0; signal->group_exit_code = 0; } } return !sig_ignored(p, sig, force); } /* * Test if P wants to take SIG. After we've checked all threads with this, * it's equivalent to finding no threads not blocking SIG. Any threads not * blocking SIG were ruled out because they are not running and already * have pending signals. Such threads will dequeue from the shared queue * as soon as they're available, so putting the signal on the shared queue * will be equivalent to sending it to one such thread. */ static inline bool wants_signal(int sig, struct task_struct *p) { if (sigismember(&p->blocked, sig)) return false; if (p->flags & PF_EXITING) return false; if (sig == SIGKILL) return true; if (task_is_stopped_or_traced(p)) return false; return task_curr(p) || !signal_pending(p); } static void complete_signal(int sig, struct task_struct *p, enum pid_type type) { struct signal_struct *signal = p->signal; struct task_struct *t; /* * Now find a thread we can wake up to take the signal off the queue. * * If the main thread wants the signal, it gets first crack. * Probably the least surprising to the average bear. */ if (wants_signal(sig, p)) t = p; else if ((type == PIDTYPE_PID) || thread_group_empty(p)) /* * There is just one thread and it does not need to be woken. * It will dequeue unblocked signals before it runs again. */ return; else { /* * Otherwise try to find a suitable thread. */ t = signal->curr_target; while (!wants_signal(sig, t)) { t = next_thread(t); if (t == signal->curr_target) /* * No thread needs to be woken. * Any eligible threads will see * the signal in the queue soon. */ return; } signal->curr_target = t; } /* * Found a killable thread. If the signal will be fatal, * then start taking the whole group down immediately. */ if (sig_fatal(p, sig) && !(signal->flags & SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT) && !sigismember(&t->real_blocked, sig) && (sig == SIGKILL || !p->ptrace)) { /* * This signal will be fatal to the whole group. */ if (!sig_kernel_coredump(sig)) { /* * Start a group exit and wake everybody up. * This way we don't have other threads * running and doing things after a slower * thread has the fatal signal pending. */ signal->flags = SIGNAL_GROUP_EXIT; signal->group_exit_code = sig; signal->group_stop_count = 0; t = p; do { task_clear_jobctl_pending(t, JOBCTL_PENDING_MASK); sigaddset(&t->pending.signal, SIGKILL); signal_wake_up(t, 1); } while_each_thread(p, t); return; } } /* * The signal is already in the shared-pending queue. * Tell the chosen thread to wake up and dequeue it. */ signal_wake_up(t, sig == SIGKILL); return; } static inline bool legacy_queue(struct sigpending *signals, int sig) { return (sig < SIGRTMIN) && sigismember(&signals->signal, sig); } static int __send_signal(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct task_struct *t, enum pid_type type, bool force) { struct sigpending *pending; struct sigqueue *q; int override_rlimit; int ret = 0, result; assert_spin_locked(&t->sighand->siglock); result = TRACE_SIGNAL_IGNORED; if (!prepare_signal(sig, t, force)) goto ret; pending = (type != PIDTYPE_PID) ? &t->signal->shared_pending : &t->pending; /* * Short-circuit ignored signals and support queuing * exactly one non-rt signal, so that we can get more * detailed information about the cause of the signal. */ result = TRACE_SIGNAL_ALREADY_PENDING; if (legacy_queue(pending, sig)) goto ret; result = TRACE_SIGNAL_DELIVERED; /* * Skip useless siginfo allocation for SIGKILL and kernel threads. */ if ((sig == SIGKILL) || (t->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) goto out_set; /* * Real-time signals must be queued if sent by sigqueue, or * some other real-time mechanism. It is implementation * defined whether kill() does so. We attempt to do so, on * the principle of least surprise, but since kill is not * allowed to fail with EAGAIN when low on memory we just * make sure at least one signal gets delivered and don't * pass on the info struct. */ if (sig < SIGRTMIN) override_rlimit = (is_si_special(info) || info->si_code >= 0); else override_rlimit = 0; q = __sigqueue_alloc(sig, t, GFP_ATOMIC, override_rlimit); if (q) { list_add_tail(&q->list, &pending->list); switch ((unsigned long) info) { case (unsigned long) SEND_SIG_NOINFO: clear_siginfo(&q->info); q->info.si_signo = sig; q->info.si_errno = 0; q->info.si_code = SI_USER; q->info.si_pid = task_tgid_nr_ns(current, task_active_pid_ns(t)); rcu_read_lock(); q->info.si_uid = from_kuid_munged(task_cred_xxx(t, user_ns), current_uid()); rcu_read_unlock(); break; case (unsigned long) SEND_SIG_PRIV: clear_siginfo(&q->info); q->info.si_signo = sig; q->info.si_errno = 0; q->info.si_code = SI_KERNEL; q->info.si_pid = 0; q->info.si_uid = 0; break; default: copy_siginfo(&q->info, info); break; } } else if (!is_si_special(info) && sig >= SIGRTMIN && info->si_code != SI_USER) { /* * Queue overflow, abort. We may abort if the * signal was rt and sent by user using something * other than kill(). */ result = TRACE_SIGNAL_OVERFLOW_FAIL; ret = -EAGAIN; goto ret; } else { /* * This is a silent loss of information. We still * send the signal, but the *info bits are lost. */ result = TRACE_SIGNAL_LOSE_INFO; } out_set: signalfd_notify(t, sig); sigaddset(&pending->signal, sig); /* Let multiprocess signals appear after on-going forks */ if (type > PIDTYPE_TGID) { struct multiprocess_signals *delayed; hlist_for_each_entry(delayed, &t->signal->multiprocess, node) { sigset_t *signal = &delayed->signal; /* Can't queue both a stop and a continue signal */ if (sig == SIGCONT) sigdelsetmask(signal, SIG_KERNEL_STOP_MASK); else if (sig_kernel_stop(sig)) sigdelset(signal, SIGCONT); sigaddset(signal, sig); } } complete_signal(sig, t, type); ret: trace_signal_generate(sig, info, t, type != PIDTYPE_PID, result); return ret; } static inline bool has_si_pid_and_uid(struct kernel_siginfo *info) { bool ret = false; switch (siginfo_layout(info->si_signo, info->si_code)) { case SIL_KILL: case SIL_CHLD: case SIL_RT: ret = true; break; case SIL_TIMER: case SIL_POLL: case SIL_FAULT: case SIL_FAULT_MCEERR: case SIL_FAULT_BNDERR: case SIL_FAULT_PKUERR: case SIL_SYS: ret = false; break; } return ret; } static int send_signal(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct task_struct *t, enum pid_type type) { /* Should SIGKILL or SIGSTOP be received by a pid namespace init? */ bool force = false; if (info == SEND_SIG_NOINFO) { /* Force if sent from an ancestor pid namespace */ force = !task_pid_nr_ns(current, task_active_pid_ns(t)); } else if (info == SEND_SIG_PRIV) { /* Don't ignore kernel generated signals */ force = true; } else if (has_si_pid_and_uid(info)) { /* SIGKILL and SIGSTOP is special or has ids */ struct user_namespace *t_user_ns; rcu_read_lock(); t_user_ns = task_cred_xxx(t, user_ns); if (current_user_ns() != t_user_ns) { kuid_t uid = make_kuid(current_user_ns(), info->si_uid); info->si_uid = from_kuid_munged(t_user_ns, uid); } rcu_read_unlock(); /* A kernel generated signal? */ force = (info->si_code == SI_KERNEL); /* From an ancestor pid namespace? */ if (!task_pid_nr_ns(current, task_active_pid_ns(t))) { info->si_pid = 0; force = true; } } return __send_signal(sig, info, t, type, force); } static void print_fatal_signal(int signr) { struct pt_regs *regs = signal_pt_regs(); pr_info("potentially unexpected fatal signal %d.\n", signr); #if defined(__i386__) && !defined(__arch_um__) pr_info("code at %08lx: ", regs->ip); { int i; for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) { unsigned char insn; if (get_user(insn, (unsigned char *)(regs->ip + i))) break; pr_cont("%02x ", insn); } } pr_cont("\n"); #endif preempt_disable(); show_regs(regs); preempt_enable(); } static int __init setup_print_fatal_signals(char *str) { get_option (&str, &print_fatal_signals); return 1; } __setup("print-fatal-signals=", setup_print_fatal_signals); int __group_send_sig_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct task_struct *p) { return send_signal(sig, info, p, PIDTYPE_TGID); } int do_send_sig_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct task_struct *p, enum pid_type type) { unsigned long flags; int ret = -ESRCH; if (lock_task_sighand(p, &flags)) { ret = send_signal(sig, info, p, type); unlock_task_sighand(p, &flags); } return ret; } /* * Force a signal that the process can't ignore: if necessary * we unblock the signal and change any SIG_IGN to SIG_DFL. * * Note: If we unblock the signal, we always reset it to SIG_DFL, * since we do not want to have a signal handler that was blocked * be invoked when user space had explicitly blocked it. * * We don't want to have recursive SIGSEGV's etc, for example, * that is why we also clear SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE. */ static int force_sig_info_to_task(struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct task_struct *t) { unsigned long int flags; int ret, blocked, ignored; struct k_sigaction *action; int sig = info->si_signo; spin_lock_irqsave(&t->sighand->siglock, flags); action = &t->sighand->action[sig-1]; ignored = action->sa.sa_handler == SIG_IGN; blocked = sigismember(&t->blocked, sig); if (blocked || ignored) { action->sa.sa_handler = SIG_DFL; if (blocked) { sigdelset(&t->blocked, sig); recalc_sigpending_and_wake(t); } } /* * Don't clear SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE for traced tasks, users won't expect * debugging to leave init killable. */ if (action->sa.sa_handler == SIG_DFL && !t->ptrace) t->signal->flags &= ~SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE; ret = send_signal(sig, info, t, PIDTYPE_PID); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&t->sighand->siglock, flags); return ret; } int force_sig_info(struct kernel_siginfo *info) { return force_sig_info_to_task(info, current); } /* * Nuke all other threads in the group. */ int zap_other_threads(struct task_struct *p) { struct task_struct *t = p; int count = 0; p->signal->group_stop_count = 0; while_each_thread(p, t) { task_clear_jobctl_pending(t, JOBCTL_PENDING_MASK); count++; /* Don't bother with already dead threads */ if (t->exit_state) continue; sigaddset(&t->pending.signal, SIGKILL); signal_wake_up(t, 1); } return count; } struct sighand_struct *__lock_task_sighand(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long *flags) { struct sighand_struct *sighand; rcu_read_lock(); for (;;) { sighand = rcu_dereference(tsk->sighand); if (unlikely(sighand == NULL)) break; /* * This sighand can be already freed and even reused, but * we rely on SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU and sighand_ctor() which * initializes ->siglock: this slab can't go away, it has * the same object type, ->siglock can't be reinitialized. * * We need to ensure that tsk->sighand is still the same * after we take the lock, we can race with de_thread() or * __exit_signal(). In the latter case the next iteration * must see ->sighand == NULL. */ spin_lock_irqsave(&sighand->siglock, *flags); if (likely(sighand == rcu_access_pointer(tsk->sighand))) break; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sighand->siglock, *flags); } rcu_read_unlock(); return sighand; } /* * send signal info to all the members of a group */ int group_send_sig_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct task_struct *p, enum pid_type type) { int ret; rcu_read_lock(); ret = check_kill_permission(sig, info, p); rcu_read_unlock(); if (!ret && sig) ret = do_send_sig_info(sig, info, p, type); return ret; } /* * __kill_pgrp_info() sends a signal to a process group: this is what the tty * control characters do (^C, ^Z etc) * - the caller must hold at least a readlock on tasklist_lock */ int __kill_pgrp_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct pid *pgrp) { struct task_struct *p = NULL; int retval, success; success = 0; retval = -ESRCH; do_each_pid_task(pgrp, PIDTYPE_PGID, p) { int err = group_send_sig_info(sig, info, p, PIDTYPE_PGID); success |= !err; retval = err; } while_each_pid_task(pgrp, PIDTYPE_PGID, p); return success ? 0 : retval; } int kill_pid_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct pid *pid) { int error = -ESRCH; struct task_struct *p; for (;;) { rcu_read_lock(); p = pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID); if (p) error = group_send_sig_info(sig, info, p, PIDTYPE_TGID); rcu_read_unlock(); if (likely(!p || error != -ESRCH)) return error; /* * The task was unhashed in between, try again. If it * is dead, pid_task() will return NULL, if we race with * de_thread() it will find the new leader. */ } } static int kill_proc_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, pid_t pid) { int error; rcu_read_lock(); error = kill_pid_info(sig, info, find_vpid(pid)); rcu_read_unlock(); return error; } static inline bool kill_as_cred_perm(const struct cred *cred, struct task_struct *target) { const struct cred *pcred = __task_cred(target); return uid_eq(cred->euid, pcred->suid) || uid_eq(cred->euid, pcred->uid) || uid_eq(cred->uid, pcred->suid) || uid_eq(cred->uid, pcred->uid); } /* * The usb asyncio usage of siginfo is wrong. The glibc support * for asyncio which uses SI_ASYNCIO assumes the layout is SIL_RT. * AKA after the generic fields: * kernel_pid_t si_pid; * kernel_uid32_t si_uid; * sigval_t si_value; * * Unfortunately when usb generates SI_ASYNCIO it assumes the layout * after the generic fields is: * void __user *si_addr; * * This is a practical problem when there is a 64bit big endian kernel * and a 32bit userspace. As the 32bit address will encoded in the low * 32bits of the pointer. Those low 32bits will be stored at higher * address than appear in a 32 bit pointer. So userspace will not * see the address it was expecting for it's completions. * * There is nothing in the encoding that can allow * copy_siginfo_to_user32 to detect this confusion of formats, so * handle this by requiring the caller of kill_pid_usb_asyncio to * notice when this situration takes place and to store the 32bit * pointer in sival_int, instead of sival_addr of the sigval_t addr * parameter. */ int kill_pid_usb_asyncio(int sig, int errno, sigval_t addr, struct pid *pid, const struct cred *cred) { struct kernel_siginfo info; struct task_struct *p; unsigned long flags; int ret = -EINVAL; if (!valid_signal(sig)) return ret; clear_siginfo(&info); info.si_signo = sig; info.si_errno = errno; info.si_code = SI_ASYNCIO; *((sigval_t *)&info.si_pid) = addr; rcu_read_lock(); p = pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID); if (!p) { ret = -ESRCH; goto out_unlock; } if (!kill_as_cred_perm(cred, p)) { ret = -EPERM; goto out_unlock; } ret = security_task_kill(p, &info, sig, cred); if (ret) goto out_unlock; if (sig) { if (lock_task_sighand(p, &flags)) { ret = __send_signal(sig, &info, p, PIDTYPE_TGID, false); unlock_task_sighand(p, &flags); } else ret = -ESRCH; } out_unlock: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kill_pid_usb_asyncio); /* * kill_something_info() interprets pid in interesting ways just like kill(2). * * POSIX specifies that kill(-1,sig) is unspecified, but what we have * is probably wrong. Should make it like BSD or SYSV. */ static int kill_something_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, pid_t pid) { int ret; if (pid > 0) return kill_proc_info(sig, info, pid); /* -INT_MIN is undefined. Exclude this case to avoid a UBSAN warning */ if (pid == INT_MIN) return -ESRCH; read_lock(&tasklist_lock); if (pid != -1) { ret = __kill_pgrp_info(sig, info, pid ? find_vpid(-pid) : task_pgrp(current)); } else { int retval = 0, count = 0; struct task_struct * p; for_each_process(p) { if (task_pid_vnr(p) > 1 && !same_thread_group(p, current)) { int err = group_send_sig_info(sig, info, p, PIDTYPE_MAX); ++count; if (err != -EPERM) retval = err; } } ret = count ? retval : -ESRCH; } read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); return ret; } /* * These are for backward compatibility with the rest of the kernel source. */ int send_sig_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct task_struct *p) { /* * Make sure legacy kernel users don't send in bad values * (normal paths check this in check_kill_permission). */ if (!valid_signal(sig)) return -EINVAL; return do_send_sig_info(sig, info, p, PIDTYPE_PID); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(send_sig_info); #define __si_special(priv) \ ((priv) ? SEND_SIG_PRIV : SEND_SIG_NOINFO) int send_sig(int sig, struct task_struct *p, int priv) { return send_sig_info(sig, __si_special(priv), p); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(send_sig); void force_sig(int sig) { struct kernel_siginfo info; clear_siginfo(&info); info.si_signo = sig; info.si_errno = 0; info.si_code = SI_KERNEL; info.si_pid = 0; info.si_uid = 0; force_sig_info(&info); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(force_sig); /* * When things go south during signal handling, we * will force a SIGSEGV. And if the signal that caused * the problem was already a SIGSEGV, we'll want to * make sure we don't even try to deliver the signal.. */ void force_sigsegv(int sig) { struct task_struct *p = current; if (sig == SIGSEGV) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&p->sighand->siglock, flags); p->sighand->action[sig - 1].sa.sa_handler = SIG_DFL; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->sighand->siglock, flags); } force_sig(SIGSEGV); } int force_sig_fault_to_task(int sig, int code, void __user *addr ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(int trapno) ___ARCH_SI_IA64(int imm, unsigned int flags, unsigned long isr) , struct task_struct *t) { struct kernel_siginfo info; clear_siginfo(&info); info.si_signo = sig; info.si_errno = 0; info.si_code = code; info.si_addr = addr; #ifdef __ARCH_SI_TRAPNO info.si_trapno = trapno; #endif #ifdef __ia64__ info.si_imm = imm; info.si_flags = flags; info.si_isr = isr; #endif return force_sig_info_to_task(&info, t); } int force_sig_fault(int sig, int code, void __user *addr ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(int trapno) ___ARCH_SI_IA64(int imm, unsigned int flags, unsigned long isr)) { return force_sig_fault_to_task(sig, code, addr ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(trapno) ___ARCH_SI_IA64(imm, flags, isr), current); } int send_sig_fault(int sig, int code, void __user *addr ___ARCH_SI_TRAPNO(int trapno) ___ARCH_SI_IA64(int imm, unsigned int flags, unsigned long isr) , struct task_struct *t) { struct kernel_siginfo info; clear_siginfo(&info); info.si_signo = sig; info.si_errno = 0; info.si_code = code; info.si_addr = addr; #ifdef __ARCH_SI_TRAPNO info.si_trapno = trapno; #endif #ifdef __ia64__ info.si_imm = imm; info.si_flags = flags; info.si_isr = isr; #endif return send_sig_info(info.si_signo, &info, t); } int force_sig_mceerr(int code, void __user *addr, short lsb) { struct kernel_siginfo info; WARN_ON((code != BUS_MCEERR_AO) && (code != BUS_MCEERR_AR)); clear_siginfo(&info); info.si_signo = SIGBUS; info.si_errno = 0; info.si_code = code; info.si_addr = addr; info.si_addr_lsb = lsb; return force_sig_info(&info); } int send_sig_mceerr(int code, void __user *addr, short lsb, struct task_struct *t) { struct kernel_siginfo info; WARN_ON((code != BUS_MCEERR_AO) && (code != BUS_MCEERR_AR)); clear_siginfo(&info); info.si_signo = SIGBUS; info.si_errno = 0; info.si_code = code; info.si_addr = addr; info.si_addr_lsb = lsb; return send_sig_info(info.si_signo, &info, t); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(send_sig_mceerr); int force_sig_bnderr(void __user *addr, void __user *lower, void __user *upper) { struct kernel_siginfo info; clear_siginfo(&info); info.si_signo = SIGSEGV; info.si_errno = 0; info.si_code = SEGV_BNDERR; info.si_addr = addr; info.si_lower = lower; info.si_upper = upper; return force_sig_info(&info); } #ifdef SEGV_PKUERR int force_sig_pkuerr(void __user *addr, u32 pkey) { struct kernel_siginfo info; clear_siginfo(&info); info.si_signo = SIGSEGV; info.si_errno = 0; info.si_code = SEGV_PKUERR; info.si_addr = addr; info.si_pkey = pkey; return force_sig_info(&info); } #endif /* For the crazy architectures that include trap information in * the errno field, instead of an actual errno value. */ int force_sig_ptrace_errno_trap(int errno, void __user *addr) { struct kernel_siginfo info; clear_siginfo(&info); info.si_signo = SIGTRAP; info.si_errno = errno; info.si_code = TRAP_HWBKPT; info.si_addr = addr; return force_sig_info(&info); } int kill_pgrp(struct pid *pid, int sig, int priv) { int ret; read_lock(&tasklist_lock); ret = __kill_pgrp_info(sig, __si_special(priv), pid); read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kill_pgrp); int kill_pid(struct pid *pid, int sig, int priv) { return kill_pid_info(sig, __si_special(priv), pid); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kill_pid); /* * These functions support sending signals using preallocated sigqueue * structures. This is needed "because realtime applications cannot * afford to lose notifications of asynchronous events, like timer * expirations or I/O completions". In the case of POSIX Timers * we allocate the sigqueue structure from the timer_create. If this * allocation fails we are able to report the failure to the application * with an EAGAIN error. */ struct sigqueue *sigqueue_alloc(void) { struct sigqueue *q = __sigqueue_alloc(-1, current, GFP_KERNEL, 0); if (q) q->flags |= SIGQUEUE_PREALLOC; return q; } void sigqueue_free(struct sigqueue *q) { unsigned long flags; spinlock_t *lock = &current->sighand->siglock; BUG_ON(!(q->flags & SIGQUEUE_PREALLOC)); /* * We must hold ->siglock while testing q->list * to serialize with collect_signal() or with * __exit_signal()->flush_sigqueue(). */ spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags); q->flags &= ~SIGQUEUE_PREALLOC; /* * If it is queued it will be freed when dequeued, * like the "regular" sigqueue. */ if (!list_empty(&q->list)) q = NULL; spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); if (q) __sigqueue_free(q); } int send_sigqueue(struct sigqueue *q, struct pid *pid, enum pid_type type) { int sig = q->info.si_signo; struct sigpending *pending; struct task_struct *t; unsigned long flags; int ret, result; BUG_ON(!(q->flags & SIGQUEUE_PREALLOC)); ret = -1; rcu_read_lock(); t = pid_task(pid, type); if (!t || !likely(lock_task_sighand(t, &flags))) goto ret; ret = 1; /* the signal is ignored */ result = TRACE_SIGNAL_IGNORED; if (!prepare_signal(sig, t, false)) goto out; ret = 0; if (unlikely(!list_empty(&q->list))) { /* * If an SI_TIMER entry is already queue just increment * the overrun count. */ BUG_ON(q->info.si_code != SI_TIMER); q->info.si_overrun++; result = TRACE_SIGNAL_ALREADY_PENDING; goto out; } q->info.si_overrun = 0; signalfd_notify(t, sig); pending = (type != PIDTYPE_PID) ? &t->signal->shared_pending : &t->pending; list_add_tail(&q->list, &pending->list); sigaddset(&pending->signal, sig); complete_signal(sig, t, type); result = TRACE_SIGNAL_DELIVERED; out: trace_signal_generate(sig, &q->info, t, type != PIDTYPE_PID, result); unlock_task_sighand(t, &flags); ret: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } static void do_notify_pidfd(struct task_struct *task) { struct pid *pid; WARN_ON(task->exit_state == 0); pid = task_pid(task); wake_up_all(&pid->wait_pidfd); } /* * Let a parent know about the death of a child. * For a stopped/continued status change, use do_notify_parent_cldstop instead. * * Returns true if our parent ignored us and so we've switched to * self-reaping. */ bool do_notify_parent(struct task_struct *tsk, int sig) { struct kernel_siginfo info; unsigned long flags; struct sighand_struct *psig; bool autoreap = false; u64 utime, stime; BUG_ON(sig == -1); /* do_notify_parent_cldstop should have been called instead. */ BUG_ON(task_is_stopped_or_traced(tsk)); BUG_ON(!tsk->ptrace && (tsk->group_leader != tsk || !thread_group_empty(tsk))); /* Wake up all pidfd waiters */ do_notify_pidfd(tsk); if (sig != SIGCHLD) { /* * This is only possible if parent == real_parent. * Check if it has changed security domain. */ if (tsk->parent_exec_id != READ_ONCE(tsk->parent->self_exec_id)) sig = SIGCHLD; } clear_siginfo(&info); info.si_signo = sig; info.si_errno = 0; /* * We are under tasklist_lock here so our parent is tied to * us and cannot change. * * task_active_pid_ns will always return the same pid namespace * until a task passes through release_task. * * write_lock() currently calls preempt_disable() which is the * same as rcu_read_lock(), but according to Oleg, this is not * correct to rely on this */ rcu_read_lock(); info.si_pid = task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, task_active_pid_ns(tsk->parent)); info.si_uid = from_kuid_munged(task_cred_xxx(tsk->parent, user_ns), task_uid(tsk)); rcu_read_unlock(); task_cputime(tsk, &utime, &stime); info.si_utime = nsec_to_clock_t(utime + tsk->signal->utime); info.si_stime = nsec_to_clock_t(stime + tsk->signal->stime); info.si_status = tsk->exit_code & 0x7f; if (tsk->exit_code & 0x80) info.si_code = CLD_DUMPED; else if (tsk->exit_code & 0x7f) info.si_code = CLD_KILLED; else { info.si_code = CLD_EXITED; info.si_status = tsk->exit_code >> 8; } psig = tsk->parent->sighand; spin_lock_irqsave(&psig->siglock, flags); if (!tsk->ptrace && sig == SIGCHLD && (psig->action[SIGCHLD-1].sa.sa_handler == SIG_IGN || (psig->action[SIGCHLD-1].sa.sa_flags & SA_NOCLDWAIT))) { /* * We are exiting and our parent doesn't care. POSIX.1 * defines special semantics for setting SIGCHLD to SIG_IGN * or setting the SA_NOCLDWAIT flag: we should be reaped * automatically and not left for our parent's wait4 call. * Rather than having the parent do it as a magic kind of * signal handler, we just set this to tell do_exit that we * can be cleaned up without becoming a zombie. Note that * we still call __wake_up_parent in this case, because a * blocked sys_wait4 might now return -ECHILD. * * Whether we send SIGCHLD or not for SA_NOCLDWAIT * is implementation-defined: we do (if you don't want * it, just use SIG_IGN instead). */ autoreap = true; if (psig->action[SIGCHLD-1].sa.sa_handler == SIG_IGN) sig = 0; } /* * Send with __send_signal as si_pid and si_uid are in the * parent's namespaces. */ if (valid_signal(sig) && sig) __send_signal(sig, &info, tsk->parent, PIDTYPE_TGID, false); __wake_up_parent(tsk, tsk->parent); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&psig->siglock, flags); return autoreap; } /** * do_notify_parent_cldstop - notify parent of stopped/continued state change * @tsk: task reporting the state change * @for_ptracer: the notification is for ptracer * @why: CLD_{CONTINUED|STOPPED|TRAPPED} to report * * Notify @tsk's parent that the stopped/continued state has changed. If * @for_ptracer is %false, @tsk's group leader notifies to its real parent. * If %true, @tsk reports to @tsk->parent which should be the ptracer. * * CONTEXT: * Must be called with tasklist_lock at least read locked. */ static void do_notify_parent_cldstop(struct task_struct *tsk, bool for_ptracer, int why) { struct kernel_siginfo info; unsigned long flags; struct task_struct *parent; struct sighand_struct *sighand; u64 utime, stime; if (for_ptracer) { parent = tsk->parent; } else { tsk = tsk->group_leader; parent = tsk->real_parent; } clear_siginfo(&info); info.si_signo = SIGCHLD; info.si_errno = 0; /* * see comment in do_notify_parent() about the following 4 lines */ rcu_read_lock(); info.si_pid = task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, task_active_pid_ns(parent)); info.si_uid = from_kuid_munged(task_cred_xxx(parent, user_ns), task_uid(tsk)); rcu_read_unlock(); task_cputime(tsk, &utime, &stime); info.si_utime = nsec_to_clock_t(utime); info.si_stime = nsec_to_clock_t(stime); info.si_code = why; switch (why) { case CLD_CONTINUED: info.si_status = SIGCONT; break; case CLD_STOPPED: info.si_status = tsk->signal->group_exit_code & 0x7f; break; case CLD_TRAPPED: info.si_status = tsk->exit_code & 0x7f; break; default: BUG(); } sighand = parent->sighand; spin_lock_irqsave(&sighand->siglock, flags); if (sighand->action[SIGCHLD-1].sa.sa_handler != SIG_IGN && !(sighand->action[SIGCHLD-1].sa.sa_flags & SA_NOCLDSTOP)) __group_send_sig_info(SIGCHLD, &info, parent); /* * Even if SIGCHLD is not generated, we must wake up wait4 calls. */ __wake_up_parent(tsk, parent); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sighand->siglock, flags); } static inline bool may_ptrace_stop(void) { if (!likely(current->ptrace)) return false; /* * Are we in the middle of do_coredump? * If so and our tracer is also part of the coredump stopping * is a deadlock situation, and pointless because our tracer * is dead so don't allow us to stop. * If SIGKILL was already sent before the caller unlocked * ->siglock we must see ->core_state != NULL. Otherwise it * is safe to enter schedule(). * * This is almost outdated, a task with the pending SIGKILL can't * block in TASK_TRACED. But PTRACE_EVENT_EXIT can be reported * after SIGKILL was already dequeued. */ if (unlikely(current->mm->core_state) && unlikely(current->mm == current->parent->mm)) return false; return true; } /* * This must be called with current->sighand->siglock held. * * This should be the path for all ptrace stops. * We always set current->last_siginfo while stopped here. * That makes it a way to test a stopped process for * being ptrace-stopped vs being job-control-stopped. * * If we actually decide not to stop at all because the tracer * is gone, we keep current->exit_code unless clear_code. */ static void ptrace_stop(int exit_code, int why, int clear_code, kernel_siginfo_t *info) __releases(&current->sighand->siglock) __acquires(&current->sighand->siglock) { bool gstop_done = false; if (arch_ptrace_stop_needed(exit_code, info)) { /* * The arch code has something special to do before a * ptrace stop. This is allowed to block, e.g. for faults * on user stack pages. We can't keep the siglock while * calling arch_ptrace_stop, so we must release it now. * To preserve proper semantics, we must do this before * any signal bookkeeping like checking group_stop_count. */ spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); arch_ptrace_stop(exit_code, info); spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); } /* * schedule() will not sleep if there is a pending signal that * can awaken the task. */ set_special_state(TASK_TRACED); /* * We're committing to trapping. TRACED should be visible before * TRAPPING is cleared; otherwise, the tracer might fail do_wait(). * Also, transition to TRACED and updates to ->jobctl should be * atomic with respect to siglock and should be done after the arch * hook as siglock is released and regrabbed across it. * * TRACER TRACEE * * ptrace_attach() * [L] wait_on_bit(JOBCTL_TRAPPING) [S] set_special_state(TRACED) * do_wait() * set_current_state() smp_wmb(); * ptrace_do_wait() * wait_task_stopped() * task_stopped_code() * [L] task_is_traced() [S] task_clear_jobctl_trapping(); */ smp_wmb(); current->last_siginfo = info; current->exit_code = exit_code; /* * If @why is CLD_STOPPED, we're trapping to participate in a group * stop. Do the bookkeeping. Note that if SIGCONT was delievered * across siglock relocks since INTERRUPT was scheduled, PENDING * could be clear now. We act as if SIGCONT is received after * TASK_TRACED is entered - ignore it. */ if (why == CLD_STOPPED && (current->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING)) gstop_done = task_participate_group_stop(current); /* any trap clears pending STOP trap, STOP trap clears NOTIFY */ task_clear_jobctl_pending(current, JOBCTL_TRAP_STOP); if (info && info->si_code >> 8 == PTRACE_EVENT_STOP) task_clear_jobctl_pending(current, JOBCTL_TRAP_NOTIFY); /* entering a trap, clear TRAPPING */ task_clear_jobctl_trapping(current); spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); read_lock(&tasklist_lock); if (may_ptrace_stop()) { /* * Notify parents of the stop. * * While ptraced, there are two parents - the ptracer and * the real_parent of the group_leader. The ptracer should * know about every stop while the real parent is only * interested in the completion of group stop. The states * for the two don't interact with each other. Notify * separately unless they're gonna be duplicates. */ do_notify_parent_cldstop(current, true, why); if (gstop_done && ptrace_reparented(current)) do_notify_parent_cldstop(current, false, why); /* * Don't want to allow preemption here, because * sys_ptrace() needs this task to be inactive. * * XXX: implement read_unlock_no_resched(). */ preempt_disable(); read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); cgroup_enter_frozen(); preempt_enable_no_resched(); freezable_schedule(); cgroup_leave_frozen(true); } else { /* * By the time we got the lock, our tracer went away. * Don't drop the lock yet, another tracer may come. * * If @gstop_done, the ptracer went away between group stop * completion and here. During detach, it would have set * JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING on us and we'll re-enter * TASK_STOPPED in do_signal_stop() on return, so notifying * the real parent of the group stop completion is enough. */ if (gstop_done) do_notify_parent_cldstop(current, false, why); /* tasklist protects us from ptrace_freeze_traced() */ __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); if (clear_code) current->exit_code = 0; read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); } /* * We are back. Now reacquire the siglock before touching * last_siginfo, so that we are sure to have synchronized with * any signal-sending on another CPU that wants to examine it. */ spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); current->last_siginfo = NULL; /* LISTENING can be set only during STOP traps, clear it */ current->jobctl &= ~JOBCTL_LISTENING; /* * Queued signals ignored us while we were stopped for tracing. * So check for any that we should take before resuming user mode. * This sets TIF_SIGPENDING, but never clears it. */ recalc_sigpending_tsk(current); } static void ptrace_do_notify(int signr, int exit_code, int why) { kernel_siginfo_t info; clear_siginfo(&info); info.si_signo = signr; info.si_code = exit_code; info.si_pid = task_pid_vnr(current); info.si_uid = from_kuid_munged(current_user_ns(), current_uid()); /* Let the debugger run. */ ptrace_stop(exit_code, why, 1, &info); } void ptrace_notify(int exit_code) { BUG_ON((exit_code & (0x7f | ~0xffff)) != SIGTRAP); if (unlikely(current->task_works)) task_work_run(); spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); ptrace_do_notify(SIGTRAP, exit_code, CLD_TRAPPED); spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); } /** * do_signal_stop - handle group stop for SIGSTOP and other stop signals * @signr: signr causing group stop if initiating * * If %JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING is not set yet, initiate group stop with @signr * and participate in it. If already set, participate in the existing * group stop. If participated in a group stop (and thus slept), %true is * returned with siglock released. * * If ptraced, this function doesn't handle stop itself. Instead, * %JOBCTL_TRAP_STOP is scheduled and %false is returned with siglock * untouched. The caller must ensure that INTERRUPT trap handling takes * places afterwards. * * CONTEXT: * Must be called with @current->sighand->siglock held, which is released * on %true return. * * RETURNS: * %false if group stop is already cancelled or ptrace trap is scheduled. * %true if participated in group stop. */ static bool do_signal_stop(int signr) __releases(&current->sighand->siglock) { struct signal_struct *sig = current->signal; if (!(current->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING)) { unsigned long gstop = JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING | JOBCTL_STOP_CONSUME; struct task_struct *t; /* signr will be recorded in task->jobctl for retries */ WARN_ON_ONCE(signr & ~JOBCTL_STOP_SIGMASK); if (!likely(current->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_DEQUEUED) || unlikely(signal_group_exit(sig))) return false; /* * There is no group stop already in progress. We must * initiate one now. * * While ptraced, a task may be resumed while group stop is * still in effect and then receive a stop signal and * initiate another group stop. This deviates from the * usual behavior as two consecutive stop signals can't * cause two group stops when !ptraced. That is why we * also check !task_is_stopped(t) below. * * The condition can be distinguished by testing whether * SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED is already set. Don't generate * group_exit_code in such case. * * This is not necessary for SIGNAL_STOP_CONTINUED because * an intervening stop signal is required to cause two * continued events regardless of ptrace. */ if (!(sig->flags & SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED)) sig->group_exit_code = signr; sig->group_stop_count = 0; if (task_set_jobctl_pending(current, signr | gstop)) sig->group_stop_count++; t = current; while_each_thread(current, t) { /* * Setting state to TASK_STOPPED for a group * stop is always done with the siglock held, * so this check has no races. */ if (!task_is_stopped(t) && task_set_jobctl_pending(t, signr | gstop)) { sig->group_stop_count++; if (likely(!(t->ptrace & PT_SEIZED))) signal_wake_up(t, 0); else ptrace_trap_notify(t); } } } if (likely(!current->ptrace)) { int notify = 0; /* * If there are no other threads in the group, or if there * is a group stop in progress and we are the last to stop, * report to the parent. */ if (task_participate_group_stop(current)) notify = CLD_STOPPED; set_special_state(TASK_STOPPED); spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); /* * Notify the parent of the group stop completion. Because * we're not holding either the siglock or tasklist_lock * here, ptracer may attach inbetween; however, this is for * group stop and should always be delivered to the real * parent of the group leader. The new ptracer will get * its notification when this task transitions into * TASK_TRACED. */ if (notify) { read_lock(&tasklist_lock); do_notify_parent_cldstop(current, false, notify); read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); } /* Now we don't run again until woken by SIGCONT or SIGKILL */ cgroup_enter_frozen(); freezable_schedule(); return true; } else { /* * While ptraced, group stop is handled by STOP trap. * Schedule it and let the caller deal with it. */ task_set_jobctl_pending(current, JOBCTL_TRAP_STOP); return false; } } /** * do_jobctl_trap - take care of ptrace jobctl traps * * When PT_SEIZED, it's used for both group stop and explicit * SEIZE/INTERRUPT traps. Both generate PTRACE_EVENT_STOP trap with * accompanying siginfo. If stopped, lower eight bits of exit_code contain * the stop signal; otherwise, %SIGTRAP. * * When !PT_SEIZED, it's used only for group stop trap with stop signal * number as exit_code and no siginfo. * * CONTEXT: * Must be called with @current->sighand->siglock held, which may be * released and re-acquired before returning with intervening sleep. */ static void do_jobctl_trap(void) { struct signal_struct *signal = current->signal; int signr = current->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_SIGMASK; if (current->ptrace & PT_SEIZED) { if (!signal->group_stop_count && !(signal->flags & SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED)) signr = SIGTRAP; WARN_ON_ONCE(!signr); ptrace_do_notify(signr, signr | (PTRACE_EVENT_STOP << 8), CLD_STOPPED); } else { WARN_ON_ONCE(!signr); ptrace_stop(signr, CLD_STOPPED, 0, NULL); current->exit_code = 0; } } /** * do_freezer_trap - handle the freezer jobctl trap * * Puts the task into frozen state, if only the task is not about to quit. * In this case it drops JOBCTL_TRAP_FREEZE. * * CONTEXT: * Must be called with @current->sighand->siglock held, * which is always released before returning. */ static void do_freezer_trap(void) __releases(&current->sighand->siglock) { /* * If there are other trap bits pending except JOBCTL_TRAP_FREEZE, * let's make another loop to give it a chance to be handled. * In any case, we'll return back. */ if ((current->jobctl & (JOBCTL_PENDING_MASK | JOBCTL_TRAP_FREEZE)) != JOBCTL_TRAP_FREEZE) { spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); return; } /* * Now we're sure that there is no pending fatal signal and no * pending traps. Clear TIF_SIGPENDING to not get out of schedule() * immediately (if there is a non-fatal signal pending), and * put the task into sleep. */ __set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); clear_thread_flag(TIF_SIGPENDING); spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); cgroup_enter_frozen(); freezable_schedule(); } static int ptrace_signal(int signr, kernel_siginfo_t *info) { /* * We do not check sig_kernel_stop(signr) but set this marker * unconditionally because we do not know whether debugger will * change signr. This flag has no meaning unless we are going * to stop after return from ptrace_stop(). In this case it will * be checked in do_signal_stop(), we should only stop if it was * not cleared by SIGCONT while we were sleeping. See also the * comment in dequeue_signal(). */ current->jobctl |= JOBCTL_STOP_DEQUEUED; ptrace_stop(signr, CLD_TRAPPED, 0, info); /* We're back. Did the debugger cancel the sig? */ signr = current->exit_code; if (signr == 0) return signr; current->exit_code = 0; /* * Update the siginfo structure if the signal has * changed. If the debugger wanted something * specific in the siginfo structure then it should * have updated *info via PTRACE_SETSIGINFO. */ if (signr != info->si_signo) { clear_siginfo(info); info->si_signo = signr; info->si_errno = 0; info->si_code = SI_USER; rcu_read_lock(); info->si_pid = task_pid_vnr(current->parent); info->si_uid = from_kuid_munged(current_user_ns(), task_uid(current->parent)); rcu_read_unlock(); } /* If the (new) signal is now blocked, requeue it. */ if (sigismember(&current->blocked, signr)) { send_signal(signr, info, current, PIDTYPE_PID); signr = 0; } return signr; } bool get_signal(struct ksignal *ksig) { struct sighand_struct *sighand = current->sighand; struct signal_struct *signal = current->signal; int signr; if (unlikely(uprobe_deny_signal())) return false; /* * Do this once, we can't return to user-mode if freezing() == T. * do_signal_stop() and ptrace_stop() do freezable_schedule() and * thus do not need another check after return. */ try_to_freeze(); relock: spin_lock_irq(&sighand->siglock); /* * Make sure we can safely read ->jobctl() in task_work add. As Oleg * states: * * It pairs with mb (implied by cmpxchg) before READ_ONCE. So we * roughly have * * task_work_add: get_signal: * STORE(task->task_works, new_work); STORE(task->jobctl); * mb(); mb(); * LOAD(task->jobctl); LOAD(task->task_works); * * and we can rely on STORE-MB-LOAD [ in task_work_add]. */ smp_store_mb(current->jobctl, current->jobctl & ~JOBCTL_TASK_WORK); if (unlikely(current->task_works)) { spin_unlock_irq(&sighand->siglock); task_work_run(); goto relock; } /* * Every stopped thread goes here after wakeup. Check to see if * we should notify the parent, prepare_signal(SIGCONT) encodes * the CLD_ si_code into SIGNAL_CLD_MASK bits. */ if (unlikely(signal->flags & SIGNAL_CLD_MASK)) { int why; if (signal->flags & SIGNAL_CLD_CONTINUED) why = CLD_CONTINUED; else why = CLD_STOPPED; signal->flags &= ~SIGNAL_CLD_MASK; spin_unlock_irq(&sighand->siglock); /* * Notify the parent that we're continuing. This event is * always per-process and doesn't make whole lot of sense * for ptracers, who shouldn't consume the state via * wait(2) either, but, for backward compatibility, notify * the ptracer of the group leader too unless it's gonna be * a duplicate. */ read_lock(&tasklist_lock); do_notify_parent_cldstop(current, false, why); if (ptrace_reparented(current->group_leader)) do_notify_parent_cldstop(current->group_leader, true, why); read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); goto relock; } /* Has this task already been marked for death? */ if (signal_group_exit(signal)) { ksig->info.si_signo = signr = SIGKILL; sigdelset(&current->pending.signal, SIGKILL); trace_signal_deliver(SIGKILL, SEND_SIG_NOINFO, &sighand->action[SIGKILL - 1]); recalc_sigpending(); goto fatal; } for (;;) { struct k_sigaction *ka; if (unlikely(current->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING) && do_signal_stop(0)) goto relock; if (unlikely(current->jobctl & (JOBCTL_TRAP_MASK | JOBCTL_TRAP_FREEZE))) { if (current->jobctl & JOBCTL_TRAP_MASK) { do_jobctl_trap(); spin_unlock_irq(&sighand->siglock); } else if (current->jobctl & JOBCTL_TRAP_FREEZE) do_freezer_trap(); goto relock; } /* * If the task is leaving the frozen state, let's update * cgroup counters and reset the frozen bit. */ if (unlikely(cgroup_task_frozen(current))) { spin_unlock_irq(&sighand->siglock); cgroup_leave_frozen(false); goto relock; } /* * Signals generated by the execution of an instruction * need to be delivered before any other pending signals * so that the instruction pointer in the signal stack * frame points to the faulting instruction. */ signr = dequeue_synchronous_signal(&ksig->info); if (!signr) signr = dequeue_signal(current, &current->blocked, &ksig->info); if (!signr) break; /* will return 0 */ if (unlikely(current->ptrace) && signr != SIGKILL) { signr = ptrace_signal(signr, &ksig->info); if (!signr) continue; } ka = &sighand->action[signr-1]; /* Trace actually delivered signals. */ trace_signal_deliver(signr, &ksig->info, ka); if (ka->sa.sa_handler == SIG_IGN) /* Do nothing. */ continue; if (ka->sa.sa_handler != SIG_DFL) { /* Run the handler. */ ksig->ka = *ka; if (ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_ONESHOT) ka->sa.sa_handler = SIG_DFL; break; /* will return non-zero "signr" value */ } /* * Now we are doing the default action for this signal. */ if (sig_kernel_ignore(signr)) /* Default is nothing. */ continue; /* * Global init gets no signals it doesn't want. * Container-init gets no signals it doesn't want from same * container. * * Note that if global/container-init sees a sig_kernel_only() * signal here, the signal must have been generated internally * or must have come from an ancestor namespace. In either * case, the signal cannot be dropped. */ if (unlikely(signal->flags & SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE) && !sig_kernel_only(signr)) continue; if (sig_kernel_stop(signr)) { /* * The default action is to stop all threads in * the thread group. The job control signals * do nothing in an orphaned pgrp, but SIGSTOP * always works. Note that siglock needs to be * dropped during the call to is_orphaned_pgrp() * because of lock ordering with tasklist_lock. * This allows an intervening SIGCONT to be posted. * We need to check for that and bail out if necessary. */ if (signr != SIGSTOP) { spin_unlock_irq(&sighand->siglock); /* signals can be posted during this window */ if (is_current_pgrp_orphaned()) goto relock; spin_lock_irq(&sighand->siglock); } if (likely(do_signal_stop(ksig->info.si_signo))) { /* It released the siglock. */ goto relock; } /* * We didn't actually stop, due to a race * with SIGCONT or something like that. */ continue; } fatal: spin_unlock_irq(&sighand->siglock); if (unlikely(cgroup_task_frozen(current))) cgroup_leave_frozen(true); /* * Anything else is fatal, maybe with a core dump. */ current->flags |= PF_SIGNALED; if (sig_kernel_coredump(signr)) { if (print_fatal_signals) print_fatal_signal(ksig->info.si_signo); proc_coredump_connector(current); /* * If it was able to dump core, this kills all * other threads in the group and synchronizes with * their demise. If we lost the race with another * thread getting here, it set group_exit_code * first and our do_group_exit call below will use * that value and ignore the one we pass it. */ do_coredump(&ksig->info); } /* * Death signals, no core dump. */ do_group_exit(ksig->info.si_signo); /* NOTREACHED */ } spin_unlock_irq(&sighand->siglock); ksig->sig = signr; return ksig->sig > 0; } /** * signal_delivered - * @ksig: kernel signal struct * @stepping: nonzero if debugger single-step or block-step in use * * This function should be called when a signal has successfully been * delivered. It updates the blocked signals accordingly (@ksig->ka.sa.sa_mask * is always blocked, and the signal itself is blocked unless %SA_NODEFER * is set in @ksig->ka.sa.sa_flags. Tracing is notified. */ static void signal_delivered(struct ksignal *ksig, int stepping) { sigset_t blocked; /* A signal was successfully delivered, and the saved sigmask was stored on the signal frame, and will be restored by sigreturn. So we can simply clear the restore sigmask flag. */ clear_restore_sigmask(); sigorsets(&blocked, &current->blocked, &ksig->ka.sa.sa_mask); if (!(ksig->ka.sa.sa_flags & SA_NODEFER)) sigaddset(&blocked, ksig->sig); set_current_blocked(&blocked); tracehook_signal_handler(stepping); } void signal_setup_done(int failed, struct ksignal *ksig, int stepping) { if (failed) force_sigsegv(ksig->sig); else signal_delivered(ksig, stepping); } /* * It could be that complete_signal() picked us to notify about the * group-wide signal. Other threads should be notified now to take * the shared signals in @which since we will not. */ static void retarget_shared_pending(struct task_struct *tsk, sigset_t *which) { sigset_t retarget; struct task_struct *t; sigandsets(&retarget, &tsk->signal->shared_pending.signal, which); if (sigisemptyset(&retarget)) return; t = tsk; while_each_thread(tsk, t) { if (t->flags & PF_EXITING) continue; if (!has_pending_signals(&retarget, &t->blocked)) continue; /* Remove the signals this thread can handle. */ sigandsets(&retarget, &retarget, &t->blocked); if (!signal_pending(t)) signal_wake_up(t, 0); if (sigisemptyset(&retarget)) break; } } void exit_signals(struct task_struct *tsk) { int group_stop = 0; sigset_t unblocked; /* * @tsk is about to have PF_EXITING set - lock out users which * expect stable threadgroup. */ cgroup_threadgroup_change_begin(tsk); if (thread_group_empty(tsk) || signal_group_exit(tsk->signal)) { tsk->flags |= PF_EXITING; cgroup_threadgroup_change_end(tsk); return; } spin_lock_irq(&tsk->sighand->siglock); /* * From now this task is not visible for group-wide signals, * see wants_signal(), do_signal_stop(). */ tsk->flags |= PF_EXITING; cgroup_threadgroup_change_end(tsk); if (!signal_pending(tsk)) goto out; unblocked = tsk->blocked; signotset(&unblocked); retarget_shared_pending(tsk, &unblocked); if (unlikely(tsk->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING) && task_participate_group_stop(tsk)) group_stop = CLD_STOPPED; out: spin_unlock_irq(&tsk->sighand->siglock); /* * If group stop has completed, deliver the notification. This * should always go to the real parent of the group leader. */ if (unlikely(group_stop)) { read_lock(&tasklist_lock); do_notify_parent_cldstop(tsk, false, group_stop); read_unlock(&tasklist_lock); } } /* * System call entry points. */ /** * sys_restart_syscall - restart a system call */ SYSCALL_DEFINE0(restart_syscall) { struct restart_block *restart = &current->restart_block; return restart->fn(restart); } long do_no_restart_syscall(struct restart_block *param) { return -EINTR; } static void __set_task_blocked(struct task_struct *tsk, const sigset_t *newset) { if (signal_pending(tsk) && !thread_group_empty(tsk)) { sigset_t newblocked; /* A set of now blocked but previously unblocked signals. */ sigandnsets(&newblocked, newset, &current->blocked); retarget_shared_pending(tsk, &newblocked); } tsk->blocked = *newset; recalc_sigpending(); } /** * set_current_blocked - change current->blocked mask * @newset: new mask * * It is wrong to change ->blocked directly, this helper should be used * to ensure the process can't miss a shared signal we are going to block. */ void set_current_blocked(sigset_t *newset) { sigdelsetmask(newset, sigmask(SIGKILL) | sigmask(SIGSTOP)); __set_current_blocked(newset); } void __set_current_blocked(const sigset_t *newset) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; /* * In case the signal mask hasn't changed, there is nothing we need * to do. The current->blocked shouldn't be modified by other task. */ if (sigequalsets(&tsk->blocked, newset)) return; spin_lock_irq(&tsk->sighand->siglock); __set_task_blocked(tsk, newset); spin_unlock_irq(&tsk->sighand->siglock); } /* * This is also useful for kernel threads that want to temporarily * (or permanently) block certain signals. * * NOTE! Unlike the user-mode sys_sigprocmask(), the kernel * interface happily blocks "unblockable" signals like SIGKILL * and friends. */ int sigprocmask(int how, sigset_t *set, sigset_t *oldset) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; sigset_t newset; /* Lockless, only current can change ->blocked, never from irq */ if (oldset) *oldset = tsk->blocked; switch (how) { case SIG_BLOCK: sigorsets(&newset, &tsk->blocked, set); break; case SIG_UNBLOCK: sigandnsets(&newset, &tsk->blocked, set); break; case SIG_SETMASK: newset = *set; break; default: return -EINVAL; } __set_current_blocked(&newset); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sigprocmask); /* * The api helps set app-provided sigmasks. * * This is useful for syscalls such as ppoll, pselect, io_pgetevents and * epoll_pwait where a new sigmask is passed from userland for the syscalls. * * Note that it does set_restore_sigmask() in advance, so it must be always * paired with restore_saved_sigmask_unless() before return from syscall. */ int set_user_sigmask(const sigset_t __user *umask, size_t sigsetsize) { sigset_t kmask; if (!umask) return 0; if (sigsetsize != sizeof(sigset_t)) return -EINVAL; if (copy_from_user(&kmask, umask, sizeof(sigset_t))) return -EFAULT; set_restore_sigmask(); current->saved_sigmask = current->blocked; set_current_blocked(&kmask); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT int set_compat_user_sigmask(const compat_sigset_t __user *umask, size_t sigsetsize) { sigset_t kmask; if (!umask) return 0; if (sigsetsize != sizeof(compat_sigset_t)) return -EINVAL; if (get_compat_sigset(&kmask, umask)) return -EFAULT; set_restore_sigmask(); current->saved_sigmask = current->blocked; set_current_blocked(&kmask); return 0; } #endif /** * sys_rt_sigprocmask - change the list of currently blocked signals * @how: whether to add, remove, or set signals * @nset: stores pending signals * @oset: previous value of signal mask if non-null * @sigsetsize: size of sigset_t type */ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(rt_sigprocmask, int, how, sigset_t __user *, nset, sigset_t __user *, oset, size_t, sigsetsize) { sigset_t old_set, new_set; int error; /* XXX: Don't preclude handling different sized sigset_t's. */ if (sigsetsize != sizeof(sigset_t)) return -EINVAL; old_set = current->blocked; if (nset) { if (copy_from_user(&new_set, nset, sizeof(sigset_t))) return -EFAULT; sigdelsetmask(&new_set, sigmask(SIGKILL)|sigmask(SIGSTOP)); error = sigprocmask(how, &new_set, NULL); if (error) return error; } if (oset) { if (copy_to_user(oset, &old_set, sizeof(sigset_t))) return -EFAULT; } return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(rt_sigprocmask, int, how, compat_sigset_t __user *, nset, compat_sigset_t __user *, oset, compat_size_t, sigsetsize) { sigset_t old_set = current->blocked; /* XXX: Don't preclude handling different sized sigset_t's. */ if (sigsetsize != sizeof(sigset_t)) return -EINVAL; if (nset) { sigset_t new_set; int error; if (get_compat_sigset(&new_set, nset)) return -EFAULT; sigdelsetmask(&new_set, sigmask(SIGKILL)|sigmask(SIGSTOP)); error = sigprocmask(how, &new_set, NULL); if (error) return error; } return oset ? put_compat_sigset(oset, &old_set, sizeof(*oset)) : 0; } #endif static void do_sigpending(sigset_t *set) { spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); sigorsets(set, &current->pending.signal, &current->signal->shared_pending.signal); spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); /* Outside the lock because only this thread touches it. */ sigandsets(set, &current->blocked, set); } /** * sys_rt_sigpending - examine a pending signal that has been raised * while blocked * @uset: stores pending signals * @sigsetsize: size of sigset_t type or larger */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(rt_sigpending, sigset_t __user *, uset, size_t, sigsetsize) { sigset_t set; if (sigsetsize > sizeof(*uset)) return -EINVAL; do_sigpending(&set); if (copy_to_user(uset, &set, sigsetsize)) return -EFAULT; return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE2(rt_sigpending, compat_sigset_t __user *, uset, compat_size_t, sigsetsize) { sigset_t set; if (sigsetsize > sizeof(*uset)) return -EINVAL; do_sigpending(&set); return put_compat_sigset(uset, &set, sigsetsize); } #endif static const struct { unsigned char limit, layout; } sig_sicodes[] = { [SIGILL] = { NSIGILL, SIL_FAULT }, [SIGFPE] = { NSIGFPE, SIL_FAULT }, [SIGSEGV] = { NSIGSEGV, SIL_FAULT }, [SIGBUS] = { NSIGBUS, SIL_FAULT }, [SIGTRAP] = { NSIGTRAP, SIL_FAULT }, #if defined(SIGEMT) [SIGEMT] = { NSIGEMT, SIL_FAULT }, #endif [SIGCHLD] = { NSIGCHLD, SIL_CHLD }, [SIGPOLL] = { NSIGPOLL, SIL_POLL }, [SIGSYS] = { NSIGSYS, SIL_SYS }, }; static bool known_siginfo_layout(unsigned sig, int si_code) { if (si_code == SI_KERNEL) return true; else if ((si_code > SI_USER)) { if (sig_specific_sicodes(sig)) { if (si_code <= sig_sicodes[sig].limit) return true; } else if (si_code <= NSIGPOLL) return true; } else if (si_code >= SI_DETHREAD) return true; else if (si_code == SI_ASYNCNL) return true; return false; } enum siginfo_layout siginfo_layout(unsigned sig, int si_code) { enum siginfo_layout layout = SIL_KILL; if ((si_code > SI_USER) && (si_code < SI_KERNEL)) { if ((sig < ARRAY_SIZE(sig_sicodes)) && (si_code <= sig_sicodes[sig].limit)) { layout = sig_sicodes[sig].layout; /* Handle the exceptions */ if ((sig == SIGBUS) && (si_code >= BUS_MCEERR_AR) && (si_code <= BUS_MCEERR_AO)) layout = SIL_FAULT_MCEERR; else if ((sig == SIGSEGV) && (si_code == SEGV_BNDERR)) layout = SIL_FAULT_BNDERR; #ifdef SEGV_PKUERR else if ((sig == SIGSEGV) && (si_code == SEGV_PKUERR)) layout = SIL_FAULT_PKUERR; #endif } else if (si_code <= NSIGPOLL) layout = SIL_POLL; } else { if (si_code == SI_TIMER) layout = SIL_TIMER; else if (si_code == SI_SIGIO) layout = SIL_POLL; else if (si_code < 0) layout = SIL_RT; } return layout; } static inline char __user *si_expansion(const siginfo_t __user *info) { return ((char __user *)info) + sizeof(struct kernel_siginfo); } int copy_siginfo_to_user(siginfo_t __user *to, const kernel_siginfo_t *from) { char __user *expansion = si_expansion(to); if (copy_to_user(to, from , sizeof(struct kernel_siginfo))) return -EFAULT; if (clear_user(expansion, SI_EXPANSION_SIZE)) return -EFAULT; return 0; } static int post_copy_siginfo_from_user(kernel_siginfo_t *info, const siginfo_t __user *from) { if (unlikely(!known_siginfo_layout(info->si_signo, info->si_code))) { char __user *expansion = si_expansion(from); char buf[SI_EXPANSION_SIZE]; int i; /* * An unknown si_code might need more than * sizeof(struct kernel_siginfo) bytes. Verify all of the * extra bytes are 0. This guarantees copy_siginfo_to_user * will return this data to userspace exactly. */ if (copy_from_user(&buf, expansion, SI_EXPANSION_SIZE)) return -EFAULT; for (i = 0; i < SI_EXPANSION_SIZE; i++) { if (buf[i] != 0) return -E2BIG; } } return 0; } static int __copy_siginfo_from_user(int signo, kernel_siginfo_t *to, const siginfo_t __user *from) { if (copy_from_user(to, from, sizeof(struct kernel_siginfo))) return -EFAULT; to->si_signo = signo; return post_copy_siginfo_from_user(to, from); } int copy_siginfo_from_user(kernel_siginfo_t *to, const siginfo_t __user *from) { if (copy_from_user(to, from, sizeof(struct kernel_siginfo))) return -EFAULT; return post_copy_siginfo_from_user(to, from); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT /** * copy_siginfo_to_external32 - copy a kernel siginfo into a compat user siginfo * @to: compat siginfo destination * @from: kernel siginfo source * * Note: This function does not work properly for the SIGCHLD on x32, but * fortunately it doesn't have to. The only valid callers for this function are * copy_siginfo_to_user32, which is overriden for x32 and the coredump code. * The latter does not care because SIGCHLD will never cause a coredump. */ void copy_siginfo_to_external32(struct compat_siginfo *to, const struct kernel_siginfo *from) { memset(to, 0, sizeof(*to)); to->si_signo = from->si_signo; to->si_errno = from->si_errno; to->si_code = from->si_code; switch(siginfo_layout(from->si_signo, from->si_code)) { case SIL_KILL: to->si_pid = from->si_pid; to->si_uid = from->si_uid; break; case SIL_TIMER: to->si_tid = from->si_tid; to->si_overrun = from->si_overrun; to->si_int = from->si_int; break; case SIL_POLL: to->si_band = from->si_band; to->si_fd = from->si_fd; break; case SIL_FAULT: to->si_addr = ptr_to_compat(from->si_addr); #ifdef __ARCH_SI_TRAPNO to->si_trapno = from->si_trapno; #endif break; case SIL_FAULT_MCEERR: to->si_addr = ptr_to_compat(from->si_addr); #ifdef __ARCH_SI_TRAPNO to->si_trapno = from->si_trapno; #endif to->si_addr_lsb = from->si_addr_lsb; break; case SIL_FAULT_BNDERR: to->si_addr = ptr_to_compat(from->si_addr); #ifdef __ARCH_SI_TRAPNO to->si_trapno = from->si_trapno; #endif to->si_lower = ptr_to_compat(from->si_lower); to->si_upper = ptr_to_compat(from->si_upper); break; case SIL_FAULT_PKUERR: to->si_addr = ptr_to_compat(from->si_addr); #ifdef __ARCH_SI_TRAPNO to->si_trapno = from->si_trapno; #endif to->si_pkey = from->si_pkey; break; case SIL_CHLD: to->si_pid = from->si_pid; to->si_uid = from->si_uid; to->si_status = from->si_status; to->si_utime = from->si_utime; to->si_stime = from->si_stime; break; case SIL_RT: to->si_pid = from->si_pid; to->si_uid = from->si_uid; to->si_int = from->si_int; break; case SIL_SYS: to->si_call_addr = ptr_to_compat(from->si_call_addr); to->si_syscall = from->si_syscall; to->si_arch = from->si_arch; break; } } int __copy_siginfo_to_user32(struct compat_siginfo __user *to, const struct kernel_siginfo *from) { struct compat_siginfo new; copy_siginfo_to_external32(&new, from); if (copy_to_user(to, &new, sizeof(struct compat_siginfo))) return -EFAULT; return 0; } static int post_copy_siginfo_from_user32(kernel_siginfo_t *to, const struct compat_siginfo *from) { clear_siginfo(to); to->si_signo = from->si_signo; to->si_errno = from->si_errno; to->si_code = from->si_code; switch(siginfo_layout(from->si_signo, from->si_code)) { case SIL_KILL: to->si_pid = from->si_pid; to->si_uid = from->si_uid; break; case SIL_TIMER: to->si_tid = from->si_tid; to->si_overrun = from->si_overrun; to->si_int = from->si_int; break; case SIL_POLL: to->si_band = from->si_band; to->si_fd = from->si_fd; break; case SIL_FAULT: to->si_addr = compat_ptr(from->si_addr); #ifdef __ARCH_SI_TRAPNO to->si_trapno = from->si_trapno; #endif break; case SIL_FAULT_MCEERR: to->si_addr = compat_ptr(from->si_addr); #ifdef __ARCH_SI_TRAPNO to->si_trapno = from->si_trapno; #endif to->si_addr_lsb = from->si_addr_lsb; break; case SIL_FAULT_BNDERR: to->si_addr = compat_ptr(from->si_addr); #ifdef __ARCH_SI_TRAPNO to->si_trapno = from->si_trapno; #endif to->si_lower = compat_ptr(from->si_lower); to->si_upper = compat_ptr(from->si_upper); break; case SIL_FAULT_PKUERR: to->si_addr = compat_ptr(from->si_addr); #ifdef __ARCH_SI_TRAPNO to->si_trapno = from->si_trapno; #endif to->si_pkey = from->si_pkey; break; case SIL_CHLD: to->si_pid = from->si_pid; to->si_uid = from->si_uid; to->si_status = from->si_status; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI if (in_x32_syscall()) { to->si_utime = from->_sifields._sigchld_x32._utime; to->si_stime = from->_sifields._sigchld_x32._stime; } else #endif { to->si_utime = from->si_utime; to->si_stime = from->si_stime; } break; case SIL_RT: to->si_pid = from->si_pid; to->si_uid = from->si_uid; to->si_int = from->si_int; break; case SIL_SYS: to->si_call_addr = compat_ptr(from->si_call_addr); to->si_syscall = from->si_syscall; to->si_arch = from->si_arch; break; } return 0; } static int __copy_siginfo_from_user32(int signo, struct kernel_siginfo *to, const struct compat_siginfo __user *ufrom) { struct compat_siginfo from; if (copy_from_user(&from, ufrom, sizeof(struct compat_siginfo))) return -EFAULT; from.si_signo = signo; return post_copy_siginfo_from_user32(to, &from); } int copy_siginfo_from_user32(struct kernel_siginfo *to, const struct compat_siginfo __user *ufrom) { struct compat_siginfo from; if (copy_from_user(&from, ufrom, sizeof(struct compat_siginfo))) return -EFAULT; return post_copy_siginfo_from_user32(to, &from); } #endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */ /** * do_sigtimedwait - wait for queued signals specified in @which * @which: queued signals to wait for * @info: if non-null, the signal's siginfo is returned here * @ts: upper bound on process time suspension */ static int do_sigtimedwait(const sigset_t *which, kernel_siginfo_t *info, const struct timespec64 *ts) { ktime_t *to = NULL, timeout = KTIME_MAX; struct task_struct *tsk = current; sigset_t mask = *which; int sig, ret = 0; if (ts) { if (!timespec64_valid(ts)) return -EINVAL; timeout = timespec64_to_ktime(*ts); to = &timeout; } /* * Invert the set of allowed signals to get those we want to block. */ sigdelsetmask(&mask, sigmask(SIGKILL) | sigmask(SIGSTOP)); signotset(&mask); spin_lock_irq(&tsk->sighand->siglock); sig = dequeue_signal(tsk, &mask, info); if (!sig && timeout) { /* * None ready, temporarily unblock those we're interested * while we are sleeping in so that we'll be awakened when * they arrive. Unblocking is always fine, we can avoid * set_current_blocked(). */ tsk->real_blocked = tsk->blocked; sigandsets(&tsk->blocked, &tsk->blocked, &mask); recalc_sigpending(); spin_unlock_irq(&tsk->sighand->siglock); __set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); ret = freezable_schedule_hrtimeout_range(to, tsk->timer_slack_ns, HRTIMER_MODE_REL); spin_lock_irq(&tsk->sighand->siglock); __set_task_blocked(tsk, &tsk->real_blocked); sigemptyset(&tsk->real_blocked); sig = dequeue_signal(tsk, &mask, info); } spin_unlock_irq(&tsk->sighand->siglock); if (sig) return sig; return ret ? -EINTR : -EAGAIN; } /** * sys_rt_sigtimedwait - synchronously wait for queued signals specified * in @uthese * @uthese: queued signals to wait for * @uinfo: if non-null, the signal's siginfo is returned here * @uts: upper bound on process time suspension * @sigsetsize: size of sigset_t type */ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(rt_sigtimedwait, const sigset_t __user *, uthese, siginfo_t __user *, uinfo, const struct __kernel_timespec __user *, uts, size_t, sigsetsize) { sigset_t these; struct timespec64 ts; kernel_siginfo_t info; int ret; /* XXX: Don't preclude handling different sized sigset_t's. */ if (sigsetsize != sizeof(sigset_t)) return -EINVAL; if (copy_from_user(&these, uthese, sizeof(these))) return -EFAULT; if (uts) { if (get_timespec64(&ts, uts)) return -EFAULT; } ret = do_sigtimedwait(&these, &info, uts ? &ts : NULL); if (ret > 0 && uinfo) { if (copy_siginfo_to_user(uinfo, &info)) ret = -EFAULT; } return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_32BIT_TIME SYSCALL_DEFINE4(rt_sigtimedwait_time32, const sigset_t __user *, uthese, siginfo_t __user *, uinfo, const struct old_timespec32 __user *, uts, size_t, sigsetsize) { sigset_t these; struct timespec64 ts; kernel_siginfo_t info; int ret; if (sigsetsize != sizeof(sigset_t)) return -EINVAL; if (copy_from_user(&these, uthese, sizeof(these))) return -EFAULT; if (uts) { if (get_old_timespec32(&ts, uts)) return -EFAULT; } ret = do_sigtimedwait(&these, &info, uts ? &ts : NULL); if (ret > 0 && uinfo) { if (copy_siginfo_to_user(uinfo, &info)) ret = -EFAULT; } return ret; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(rt_sigtimedwait_time64, compat_sigset_t __user *, uthese, struct compat_siginfo __user *, uinfo, struct __kernel_timespec __user *, uts, compat_size_t, sigsetsize) { sigset_t s; struct timespec64 t; kernel_siginfo_t info; long ret; if (sigsetsize != sizeof(sigset_t)) return -EINVAL; if (get_compat_sigset(&s, uthese)) return -EFAULT; if (uts) { if (get_timespec64(&t, uts)) return -EFAULT; } ret = do_sigtimedwait(&s, &info, uts ? &t : NULL); if (ret > 0 && uinfo) { if (copy_siginfo_to_user32(uinfo, &info)) ret = -EFAULT; } return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_32BIT_TIME COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(rt_sigtimedwait_time32, compat_sigset_t __user *, uthese, struct compat_siginfo __user *, uinfo, struct old_timespec32 __user *, uts, compat_size_t, sigsetsize) { sigset_t s; struct timespec64 t; kernel_siginfo_t info; long ret; if (sigsetsize != sizeof(sigset_t)) return -EINVAL; if (get_compat_sigset(&s, uthese)) return -EFAULT; if (uts) { if (get_old_timespec32(&t, uts)) return -EFAULT; } ret = do_sigtimedwait(&s, &info, uts ? &t : NULL); if (ret > 0 && uinfo) { if (copy_siginfo_to_user32(uinfo, &info)) ret = -EFAULT; } return ret; } #endif #endif static inline void prepare_kill_siginfo(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info) { clear_siginfo(info); info->si_signo = sig; info->si_errno = 0; info->si_code = SI_USER; info->si_pid = task_tgid_vnr(current); info->si_uid = from_kuid_munged(current_user_ns(), current_uid()); } /** * sys_kill - send a signal to a process * @pid: the PID of the process * @sig: signal to be sent */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(kill, pid_t, pid, int, sig) { struct kernel_siginfo info; prepare_kill_siginfo(sig, &info); return kill_something_info(sig, &info, pid); } /* * Verify that the signaler and signalee either are in the same pid namespace * or that the signaler's pid namespace is an ancestor of the signalee's pid * namespace. */ static bool access_pidfd_pidns(struct pid *pid) { struct pid_namespace *active = task_active_pid_ns(current); struct pid_namespace *p = ns_of_pid(pid); for (;;) { if (!p) return false; if (p == active) break; p = p->parent; } return true; } static int copy_siginfo_from_user_any(kernel_siginfo_t *kinfo, siginfo_t *info) { #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT /* * Avoid hooking up compat syscalls and instead handle necessary * conversions here. Note, this is a stop-gap measure and should not be * considered a generic solution. */ if (in_compat_syscall()) return copy_siginfo_from_user32( kinfo, (struct compat_siginfo __user *)info); #endif return copy_siginfo_from_user(kinfo, info); } static struct pid *pidfd_to_pid(const struct file *file) { struct pid *pid; pid = pidfd_pid(file); if (!IS_ERR(pid)) return pid; return tgid_pidfd_to_pid(file); } /** * sys_pidfd_send_signal - Signal a process through a pidfd * @pidfd: file descriptor of the process * @sig: signal to send * @info: signal info * @flags: future flags * * The syscall currently only signals via PIDTYPE_PID which covers * kill(<positive-pid>, <signal>. It does not signal threads or process * groups. * In order to extend the syscall to threads and process groups the @flags * argument should be used. In essence, the @flags argument will determine * what is signaled and not the file descriptor itself. Put in other words, * grouping is a property of the flags argument not a property of the file * descriptor. * * Return: 0 on success, negative errno on failure */ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(pidfd_send_signal, int, pidfd, int, sig, siginfo_t __user *, info, unsigned int, flags) { int ret; struct fd f; struct pid *pid; kernel_siginfo_t kinfo; /* Enforce flags be set to 0 until we add an extension. */ if (flags) return -EINVAL; f = fdget(pidfd); if (!f.file) return -EBADF; /* Is this a pidfd? */ pid = pidfd_to_pid(f.file); if (IS_ERR(pid)) { ret = PTR_ERR(pid); goto err; } ret = -EINVAL; if (!access_pidfd_pidns(pid)) goto err; if (info) { ret = copy_siginfo_from_user_any(&kinfo, info); if (unlikely(ret)) goto err; ret = -EINVAL; if (unlikely(sig != kinfo.si_signo)) goto err; /* Only allow sending arbitrary signals to yourself. */ ret = -EPERM; if ((task_pid(current) != pid) && (kinfo.si_code >= 0 || kinfo.si_code == SI_TKILL)) goto err; } else { prepare_kill_siginfo(sig, &kinfo); } ret = kill_pid_info(sig, &kinfo, pid); err: fdput(f); return ret; } static int do_send_specific(pid_t tgid, pid_t pid, int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info) { struct task_struct *p; int error = -ESRCH; rcu_read_lock(); p = find_task_by_vpid(pid); if (p && (tgid <= 0 || task_tgid_vnr(p) == tgid)) { error = check_kill_permission(sig, info, p); /* * The null signal is a permissions and process existence * probe. No signal is actually delivered. */ if (!error && sig) { error = do_send_sig_info(sig, info, p, PIDTYPE_PID); /* * If lock_task_sighand() failed we pretend the task * dies after receiving the signal. The window is tiny, * and the signal is private anyway. */ if (unlikely(error == -ESRCH)) error = 0; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return error; } static int do_tkill(pid_t tgid, pid_t pid, int sig) { struct kernel_siginfo info; clear_siginfo(&info); info.si_signo = sig; info.si_errno = 0; info.si_code = SI_TKILL; info.si_pid = task_tgid_vnr(current); info.si_uid = from_kuid_munged(current_user_ns(), current_uid()); return do_send_specific(tgid, pid, sig, &info); } /** * sys_tgkill - send signal to one specific thread * @tgid: the thread group ID of the thread * @pid: the PID of the thread * @sig: signal to be sent * * This syscall also checks the @tgid and returns -ESRCH even if the PID * exists but it's not belonging to the target process anymore. This * method solves the problem of threads exiting and PIDs getting reused. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(tgkill, pid_t, tgid, pid_t, pid, int, sig) { /* This is only valid for single tasks */ if (pid <= 0 || tgid <= 0) return -EINVAL; return do_tkill(tgid, pid, sig); } /** * sys_tkill - send signal to one specific task * @pid: the PID of the task * @sig: signal to be sent * * Send a signal to only one task, even if it's a CLONE_THREAD task. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(tkill, pid_t, pid, int, sig) { /* This is only valid for single tasks */ if (pid <= 0) return -EINVAL; return do_tkill(0, pid, sig); } static int do_rt_sigqueueinfo(pid_t pid, int sig, kernel_siginfo_t *info) { /* Not even root can pretend to send signals from the kernel. * Nor can they impersonate a kill()/tgkill(), which adds source info. */ if ((info->si_code >= 0 || info->si_code == SI_TKILL) && (task_pid_vnr(current) != pid)) return -EPERM; /* POSIX.1b doesn't mention process groups. */ return kill_proc_info(sig, info, pid); } /** * sys_rt_sigqueueinfo - send signal information to a signal * @pid: the PID of the thread * @sig: signal to be sent * @uinfo: signal info to be sent */ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(rt_sigqueueinfo, pid_t, pid, int, sig, siginfo_t __user *, uinfo) { kernel_siginfo_t info; int ret = __copy_siginfo_from_user(sig, &info, uinfo); if (unlikely(ret)) return ret; return do_rt_sigqueueinfo(pid, sig, &info); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE3(rt_sigqueueinfo, compat_pid_t, pid, int, sig, struct compat_siginfo __user *, uinfo) { kernel_siginfo_t info; int ret = __copy_siginfo_from_user32(sig, &info, uinfo); if (unlikely(ret)) return ret; return do_rt_sigqueueinfo(pid, sig, &info); } #endif static int do_rt_tgsigqueueinfo(pid_t tgid, pid_t pid, int sig, kernel_siginfo_t *info) { /* This is only valid for single tasks */ if (pid <= 0 || tgid <= 0) return -EINVAL; /* Not even root can pretend to send signals from the kernel. * Nor can they impersonate a kill()/tgkill(), which adds source info. */ if ((info->si_code >= 0 || info->si_code == SI_TKILL) && (task_pid_vnr(current) != pid)) return -EPERM; return do_send_specific(tgid, pid, sig, info); } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(rt_tgsigqueueinfo, pid_t, tgid, pid_t, pid, int, sig, siginfo_t __user *, uinfo) { kernel_siginfo_t info; int ret = __copy_siginfo_from_user(sig, &info, uinfo); if (unlikely(ret)) return ret; return do_rt_tgsigqueueinfo(tgid, pid, sig, &info); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(rt_tgsigqueueinfo, compat_pid_t, tgid, compat_pid_t, pid, int, sig, struct compat_siginfo __user *, uinfo) { kernel_siginfo_t info; int ret = __copy_siginfo_from_user32(sig, &info, uinfo); if (unlikely(ret)) return ret; return do_rt_tgsigqueueinfo(tgid, pid, sig, &info); } #endif /* * For kthreads only, must not be used if cloned with CLONE_SIGHAND */ void kernel_sigaction(int sig, __sighandler_t action) { spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); current->sighand->action[sig - 1].sa.sa_handler = action; if (action == SIG_IGN) { sigset_t mask; sigemptyset(&mask); sigaddset(&mask, sig); flush_sigqueue_mask(&mask, &current->signal->shared_pending); flush_sigqueue_mask(&mask, &current->pending); recalc_sigpending(); } spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kernel_sigaction); void __weak sigaction_compat_abi(struct k_sigaction *act, struct k_sigaction *oact) { } int do_sigaction(int sig, struct k_sigaction *act, struct k_sigaction *oact) { struct task_struct *p = current, *t; struct k_sigaction *k; sigset_t mask; if (!valid_signal(sig) || sig < 1 || (act && sig_kernel_only(sig))) return -EINVAL; k = &p->sighand->action[sig-1]; spin_lock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock); if (oact) *oact = *k; sigaction_compat_abi(act, oact); if (act) { sigdelsetmask(&act->sa.sa_mask, sigmask(SIGKILL) | sigmask(SIGSTOP)); *k = *act; /* * POSIX 3.3.1.3: * "Setting a signal action to SIG_IGN for a signal that is * pending shall cause the pending signal to be discarded, * whether or not it is blocked." * * "Setting a signal action to SIG_DFL for a signal that is * pending and whose default action is to ignore the signal * (for example, SIGCHLD), shall cause the pending signal to * be discarded, whether or not it is blocked" */ if (sig_handler_ignored(sig_handler(p, sig), sig)) { sigemptyset(&mask); sigaddset(&mask, sig); flush_sigqueue_mask(&mask, &p->signal->shared_pending); for_each_thread(p, t) flush_sigqueue_mask(&mask, &t->pending); } } spin_unlock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock); return 0; } static int do_sigaltstack (const stack_t *ss, stack_t *oss, unsigned long sp, size_t min_ss_size) { struct task_struct *t = current; if (oss) { memset(oss, 0, sizeof(stack_t)); oss->ss_sp = (void __user *) t->sas_ss_sp; oss->ss_size = t->sas_ss_size; oss->ss_flags = sas_ss_flags(sp) | (current->sas_ss_flags & SS_FLAG_BITS); } if (ss) { void __user *ss_sp = ss->ss_sp; size_t ss_size = ss->ss_size; unsigned ss_flags = ss->ss_flags; int ss_mode; if (unlikely(on_sig_stack(sp))) return -EPERM; ss_mode = ss_flags & ~SS_FLAG_BITS; if (unlikely(ss_mode != SS_DISABLE && ss_mode != SS_ONSTACK && ss_mode != 0)) return -EINVAL; if (ss_mode == SS_DISABLE) { ss_size = 0; ss_sp = NULL; } else { if (unlikely(ss_size < min_ss_size)) return -ENOMEM; } t->sas_ss_sp = (unsigned long) ss_sp; t->sas_ss_size = ss_size; t->sas_ss_flags = ss_flags; } return 0; } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(sigaltstack,const stack_t __user *,uss, stack_t __user *,uoss) { stack_t new, old; int err; if (uss && copy_from_user(&new, uss, sizeof(stack_t))) return -EFAULT; err = do_sigaltstack(uss ? &new : NULL, uoss ? &old : NULL, current_user_stack_pointer(), MINSIGSTKSZ); if (!err && uoss && copy_to_user(uoss, &old, sizeof(stack_t))) err = -EFAULT; return err; } int restore_altstack(const stack_t __user *uss) { stack_t new; if (copy_from_user(&new, uss, sizeof(stack_t))) return -EFAULT; (void)do_sigaltstack(&new, NULL, current_user_stack_pointer(), MINSIGSTKSZ); /* squash all but EFAULT for now */ return 0; } int __save_altstack(stack_t __user *uss, unsigned long sp) { struct task_struct *t = current; int err = __put_user((void __user *)t->sas_ss_sp, &uss->ss_sp) | __put_user(t->sas_ss_flags, &uss->ss_flags) | __put_user(t->sas_ss_size, &uss->ss_size); if (err) return err; if (t->sas_ss_flags & SS_AUTODISARM) sas_ss_reset(t); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static int do_compat_sigaltstack(const compat_stack_t __user *uss_ptr, compat_stack_t __user *uoss_ptr) { stack_t uss, uoss; int ret; if (uss_ptr) { compat_stack_t uss32; if (copy_from_user(&uss32, uss_ptr, sizeof(compat_stack_t))) return -EFAULT; uss.ss_sp = compat_ptr(uss32.ss_sp); uss.ss_flags = uss32.ss_flags; uss.ss_size = uss32.ss_size; } ret = do_sigaltstack(uss_ptr ? &uss : NULL, &uoss, compat_user_stack_pointer(), COMPAT_MINSIGSTKSZ); if (ret >= 0 && uoss_ptr) { compat_stack_t old; memset(&old, 0, sizeof(old)); old.ss_sp = ptr_to_compat(uoss.ss_sp); old.ss_flags = uoss.ss_flags; old.ss_size = uoss.ss_size; if (copy_to_user(uoss_ptr, &old, sizeof(compat_stack_t))) ret = -EFAULT; } return ret; } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE2(sigaltstack, const compat_stack_t __user *, uss_ptr, compat_stack_t __user *, uoss_ptr) { return do_compat_sigaltstack(uss_ptr, uoss_ptr); } int compat_restore_altstack(const compat_stack_t __user *uss) { int err = do_compat_sigaltstack(uss, NULL); /* squash all but -EFAULT for now */ return err == -EFAULT ? err : 0; } int __compat_save_altstack(compat_stack_t __user *uss, unsigned long sp) { int err; struct task_struct *t = current; err = __put_user(ptr_to_compat((void __user *)t->sas_ss_sp), &uss->ss_sp) | __put_user(t->sas_ss_flags, &uss->ss_flags) | __put_user(t->sas_ss_size, &uss->ss_size); if (err) return err; if (t->sas_ss_flags & SS_AUTODISARM) sas_ss_reset(t); return 0; } #endif #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_SIGPENDING /** * sys_sigpending - examine pending signals * @uset: where mask of pending signal is returned */ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(sigpending, old_sigset_t __user *, uset) { sigset_t set; if (sizeof(old_sigset_t) > sizeof(*uset)) return -EINVAL; do_sigpending(&set); if (copy_to_user(uset, &set, sizeof(old_sigset_t))) return -EFAULT; return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE1(sigpending, compat_old_sigset_t __user *, set32) { sigset_t set; do_sigpending(&set); return put_user(set.sig[0], set32); } #endif #endif #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_SIGPROCMASK /** * sys_sigprocmask - examine and change blocked signals * @how: whether to add, remove, or set signals * @nset: signals to add or remove (if non-null) * @oset: previous value of signal mask if non-null * * Some platforms have their own version with special arguments; * others support only sys_rt_sigprocmask. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(sigprocmask, int, how, old_sigset_t __user *, nset, old_sigset_t __user *, oset) { old_sigset_t old_set, new_set; sigset_t new_blocked; old_set = current->blocked.sig[0]; if (nset) { if (copy_from_user(&new_set, nset, sizeof(*nset))) return -EFAULT; new_blocked = current->blocked; switch (how) { case SIG_BLOCK: sigaddsetmask(&new_blocked, new_set); break; case SIG_UNBLOCK: sigdelsetmask(&new_blocked, new_set); break; case SIG_SETMASK: new_blocked.sig[0] = new_set; break; default: return -EINVAL; } set_current_blocked(&new_blocked); } if (oset) { if (copy_to_user(oset, &old_set, sizeof(*oset))) return -EFAULT; } return 0; } #endif /* __ARCH_WANT_SYS_SIGPROCMASK */ #ifndef CONFIG_ODD_RT_SIGACTION /** * sys_rt_sigaction - alter an action taken by a process * @sig: signal to be sent * @act: new sigaction * @oact: used to save the previous sigaction * @sigsetsize: size of sigset_t type */ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(rt_sigaction, int, sig, const struct sigaction __user *, act, struct sigaction __user *, oact, size_t, sigsetsize) { struct k_sigaction new_sa, old_sa; int ret; /* XXX: Don't preclude handling different sized sigset_t's. */ if (sigsetsize != sizeof(sigset_t)) return -EINVAL; if (act && copy_from_user(&new_sa.sa, act, sizeof(new_sa.sa))) return -EFAULT; ret = do_sigaction(sig, act ? &new_sa : NULL, oact ? &old_sa : NULL); if (ret) return ret; if (oact && copy_to_user(oact, &old_sa.sa, sizeof(old_sa.sa))) return -EFAULT; return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(rt_sigaction, int, sig, const struct compat_sigaction __user *, act, struct compat_sigaction __user *, oact, compat_size_t, sigsetsize) { struct k_sigaction new_ka, old_ka; #ifdef __ARCH_HAS_SA_RESTORER compat_uptr_t restorer; #endif int ret; /* XXX: Don't preclude handling different sized sigset_t's. */ if (sigsetsize != sizeof(compat_sigset_t)) return -EINVAL; if (act) { compat_uptr_t handler; ret = get_user(handler, &act->sa_handler); new_ka.sa.sa_handler = compat_ptr(handler); #ifdef __ARCH_HAS_SA_RESTORER ret |= get_user(restorer, &act->sa_restorer); new_ka.sa.sa_restorer = compat_ptr(restorer); #endif ret |= get_compat_sigset(&new_ka.sa.sa_mask, &act->sa_mask); ret |= get_user(new_ka.sa.sa_flags, &act->sa_flags); if (ret) return -EFAULT; } ret = do_sigaction(sig, act ? &new_ka : NULL, oact ? &old_ka : NULL); if (!ret && oact) { ret = put_user(ptr_to_compat(old_ka.sa.sa_handler), &oact->sa_handler); ret |= put_compat_sigset(&oact->sa_mask, &old_ka.sa.sa_mask, sizeof(oact->sa_mask)); ret |= put_user(old_ka.sa.sa_flags, &oact->sa_flags); #ifdef __ARCH_HAS_SA_RESTORER ret |= put_user(ptr_to_compat(old_ka.sa.sa_restorer), &oact->sa_restorer); #endif } return ret; } #endif #endif /* !CONFIG_ODD_RT_SIGACTION */ #ifdef CONFIG_OLD_SIGACTION SYSCALL_DEFINE3(sigaction, int, sig, const struct old_sigaction __user *, act, struct old_sigaction __user *, oact) { struct k_sigaction new_ka, old_ka; int ret; if (act) { old_sigset_t mask; if (!access_ok(act, sizeof(*act)) || __get_user(new_ka.sa.sa_handler, &act->sa_handler) || __get_user(new_ka.sa.sa_restorer, &act->sa_restorer) || __get_user(new_ka.sa.sa_flags, &act->sa_flags) || __get_user(mask, &act->sa_mask)) return -EFAULT; #ifdef __ARCH_HAS_KA_RESTORER new_ka.ka_restorer = NULL; #endif siginitset(&new_ka.sa.sa_mask, mask); } ret = do_sigaction(sig, act ? &new_ka : NULL, oact ? &old_ka : NULL); if (!ret && oact) { if (!access_ok(oact, sizeof(*oact)) || __put_user(old_ka.sa.sa_handler, &oact->sa_handler) || __put_user(old_ka.sa.sa_restorer, &oact->sa_restorer) || __put_user(old_ka.sa.sa_flags, &oact->sa_flags) || __put_user(old_ka.sa.sa_mask.sig[0], &oact->sa_mask)) return -EFAULT; } return ret; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_OLD_SIGACTION COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE3(sigaction, int, sig, const struct compat_old_sigaction __user *, act, struct compat_old_sigaction __user *, oact) { struct k_sigaction new_ka, old_ka; int ret; compat_old_sigset_t mask; compat_uptr_t handler, restorer; if (act) { if (!access_ok(act, sizeof(*act)) || __get_user(handler, &act->sa_handler) || __get_user(restorer, &act->sa_restorer) || __get_user(new_ka.sa.sa_flags, &act->sa_flags) || __get_user(mask, &act->sa_mask)) return -EFAULT; #ifdef __ARCH_HAS_KA_RESTORER new_ka.ka_restorer = NULL; #endif new_ka.sa.sa_handler = compat_ptr(handler); new_ka.sa.sa_restorer = compat_ptr(restorer); siginitset(&new_ka.sa.sa_mask, mask); } ret = do_sigaction(sig, act ? &new_ka : NULL, oact ? &old_ka : NULL); if (!ret && oact) { if (!access_ok(oact, sizeof(*oact)) || __put_user(ptr_to_compat(old_ka.sa.sa_handler), &oact->sa_handler) || __put_user(ptr_to_compat(old_ka.sa.sa_restorer), &oact->sa_restorer) || __put_user(old_ka.sa.sa_flags, &oact->sa_flags) || __put_user(old_ka.sa.sa_mask.sig[0], &oact->sa_mask)) return -EFAULT; } return ret; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SGETMASK_SYSCALL /* * For backwards compatibility. Functionality superseded by sigprocmask. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE0(sgetmask) { /* SMP safe */ return current->blocked.sig[0]; } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(ssetmask, int, newmask) { int old = current->blocked.sig[0]; sigset_t newset; siginitset(&newset, newmask); set_current_blocked(&newset); return old; } #endif /* CONFIG_SGETMASK_SYSCALL */ #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_SIGNAL /* * For backwards compatibility. Functionality superseded by sigaction. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(signal, int, sig, __sighandler_t, handler) { struct k_sigaction new_sa, old_sa; int ret; new_sa.sa.sa_handler = handler; new_sa.sa.sa_flags = SA_ONESHOT | SA_NOMASK; sigemptyset(&new_sa.sa.sa_mask); ret = do_sigaction(sig, &new_sa, &old_sa); return ret ? ret : (unsigned long)old_sa.sa.sa_handler; } #endif /* __ARCH_WANT_SYS_SIGNAL */ #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_PAUSE SYSCALL_DEFINE0(pause) { while (!signal_pending(current)) { __set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); schedule(); } return -ERESTARTNOHAND; } #endif static int sigsuspend(sigset_t *set) { current->saved_sigmask = current->blocked; set_current_blocked(set); while (!signal_pending(current)) { __set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); schedule(); } set_restore_sigmask(); return -ERESTARTNOHAND; } /** * sys_rt_sigsuspend - replace the signal mask for a value with the * @unewset value until a signal is received * @unewset: new signal mask value * @sigsetsize: size of sigset_t type */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(rt_sigsuspend, sigset_t __user *, unewset, size_t, sigsetsize) { sigset_t newset; /* XXX: Don't preclude handling different sized sigset_t's. */ if (sigsetsize != sizeof(sigset_t)) return -EINVAL; if (copy_from_user(&newset, unewset, sizeof(newset))) return -EFAULT; return sigsuspend(&newset); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE2(rt_sigsuspend, compat_sigset_t __user *, unewset, compat_size_t, sigsetsize) { sigset_t newset; /* XXX: Don't preclude handling different sized sigset_t's. */ if (sigsetsize != sizeof(sigset_t)) return -EINVAL; if (get_compat_sigset(&newset, unewset)) return -EFAULT; return sigsuspend(&newset); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_OLD_SIGSUSPEND SYSCALL_DEFINE1(sigsuspend, old_sigset_t, mask) { sigset_t blocked; siginitset(&blocked, mask); return sigsuspend(&blocked); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_OLD_SIGSUSPEND3 SYSCALL_DEFINE3(sigsuspend, int, unused1, int, unused2, old_sigset_t, mask) { sigset_t blocked; siginitset(&blocked, mask); return sigsuspend(&blocked); } #endif __weak const char *arch_vma_name(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return NULL; } static inline void siginfo_buildtime_checks(void) { BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct siginfo) != SI_MAX_SIZE); /* Verify the offsets in the two siginfos match */ #define CHECK_OFFSET(field) \ BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(siginfo_t, field) != offsetof(kernel_siginfo_t, field)) /* kill */ CHECK_OFFSET(si_pid); CHECK_OFFSET(si_uid); /* timer */ CHECK_OFFSET(si_tid); CHECK_OFFSET(si_overrun); CHECK_OFFSET(si_value); /* rt */ CHECK_OFFSET(si_pid); CHECK_OFFSET(si_uid); CHECK_OFFSET(si_value); /* sigchld */ CHECK_OFFSET(si_pid); CHECK_OFFSET(si_uid); CHECK_OFFSET(si_status); CHECK_OFFSET(si_utime); CHECK_OFFSET(si_stime); /* sigfault */ CHECK_OFFSET(si_addr); CHECK_OFFSET(si_addr_lsb); CHECK_OFFSET(si_lower); CHECK_OFFSET(si_upper); CHECK_OFFSET(si_pkey); /* sigpoll */ CHECK_OFFSET(si_band); CHECK_OFFSET(si_fd); /* sigsys */ CHECK_OFFSET(si_call_addr); CHECK_OFFSET(si_syscall); CHECK_OFFSET(si_arch); #undef CHECK_OFFSET /* usb asyncio */ BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct siginfo, si_pid) != offsetof(struct siginfo, si_addr)); if (sizeof(int) == sizeof(void __user *)) { BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof_field(struct siginfo, si_pid) != sizeof(void __user *)); } else { BUILD_BUG_ON((sizeof_field(struct siginfo, si_pid) + sizeof_field(struct siginfo, si_uid)) != sizeof(void __user *)); BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetofend(struct siginfo, si_pid) != offsetof(struct siginfo, si_uid)); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct compat_siginfo, si_pid) != offsetof(struct compat_siginfo, si_addr)); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof_field(struct compat_siginfo, si_pid) != sizeof(compat_uptr_t)); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof_field(struct compat_siginfo, si_pid) != sizeof_field(struct siginfo, si_pid)); #endif } void __init signals_init(void) { siginfo_buildtime_checks(); sigqueue_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(sigqueue, SLAB_PANIC); } #ifdef CONFIG_KGDB_KDB #include <linux/kdb.h> /* * kdb_send_sig - Allows kdb to send signals without exposing * signal internals. This function checks if the required locks are * available before calling the main signal code, to avoid kdb * deadlocks. */ void kdb_send_sig(struct task_struct *t, int sig) { static struct task_struct *kdb_prev_t; int new_t, ret; if (!spin_trylock(&t->sighand->siglock)) { kdb_printf("Can't do kill command now.\n" "The sigmask lock is held somewhere else in " "kernel, try again later\n"); return; } new_t = kdb_prev_t != t; kdb_prev_t = t; if (t->state != TASK_RUNNING && new_t) { spin_unlock(&t->sighand->siglock); kdb_printf("Process is not RUNNING, sending a signal from " "kdb risks deadlock\n" "on the run queue locks. " "The signal has _not_ been sent.\n" "Reissue the kill command if you want to risk " "the deadlock.\n"); return; } ret = send_signal(sig, SEND_SIG_PRIV, t, PIDTYPE_PID); spin_unlock(&t->sighand->siglock); if (ret) kdb_printf("Fail to deliver Signal %d to process %d.\n", sig, t->pid); else kdb_printf("Signal %d is sent to process %d.\n", sig, t->pid); } #endif /* CONFIG_KGDB_KDB */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM skb #if !defined(_TRACE_SKB_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_SKB_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> /* * Tracepoint for free an sk_buff: */ TRACE_EVENT(kfree_skb, TP_PROTO(struct sk_buff *skb, void *location), TP_ARGS(skb, location), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, skbaddr ) __field( void *, location ) __field( unsigned short, protocol ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->location = location; __entry->protocol = ntohs(skb->protocol); ), TP_printk("skbaddr=%p protocol=%u location=%p", __entry->skbaddr, __entry->protocol, __entry->location) ); TRACE_EVENT(consume_skb, TP_PROTO(struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, skbaddr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->skbaddr = skb; ), TP_printk("skbaddr=%p", __entry->skbaddr) ); TRACE_EVENT(skb_copy_datagram_iovec, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb, int len), TP_ARGS(skb, len), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const void *, skbaddr ) __field( int, len ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->len = len; ), TP_printk("skbaddr=%p len=%d", __entry->skbaddr, __entry->len) ); #endif /* _TRACE_SKB_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef IOPRIO_H #define IOPRIO_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/rt.h> #include <linux/iocontext.h> /* * Gives us 8 prio classes with 13-bits of data for each class */ #define IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT (13) #define IOPRIO_PRIO_MASK ((1UL << IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT) - 1) #define IOPRIO_PRIO_CLASS(mask) ((mask) >> IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT) #define IOPRIO_PRIO_DATA(mask) ((mask) & IOPRIO_PRIO_MASK) #define IOPRIO_PRIO_VALUE(class, data) (((class) << IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT) | data) #define ioprio_valid(mask) (IOPRIO_PRIO_CLASS((mask)) != IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE) /* * These are the io priority groups as implemented by CFQ. RT is the realtime * class, it always gets premium service. BE is the best-effort scheduling * class, the default for any process. IDLE is the idle scheduling class, it * is only served when no one else is using the disk. */ enum { IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE, IOPRIO_CLASS_RT, IOPRIO_CLASS_BE, IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE, }; /* * 8 best effort priority levels are supported */ #define IOPRIO_BE_NR (8) enum { IOPRIO_WHO_PROCESS = 1, IOPRIO_WHO_PGRP, IOPRIO_WHO_USER, }; /* * Fallback BE priority */ #define IOPRIO_NORM (4) /* * if process has set io priority explicitly, use that. if not, convert * the cpu scheduler nice value to an io priority */ static inline int task_nice_ioprio(struct task_struct *task) { return (task_nice(task) + 20) / 5; } /* * This is for the case where the task hasn't asked for a specific IO class. * Check for idle and rt task process, and return appropriate IO class. */ static inline int task_nice_ioclass(struct task_struct *task) { if (task->policy == SCHED_IDLE) return IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE; else if (task_is_realtime(task)) return IOPRIO_CLASS_RT; else return IOPRIO_CLASS_BE; } /* * If the calling process has set an I/O priority, use that. Otherwise, return * the default I/O priority. */ static inline int get_current_ioprio(void) { struct io_context *ioc = current->io_context; if (ioc) return ioc->ioprio; return IOPRIO_PRIO_VALUE(IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE, 0); } /* * For inheritance, return the highest of the two given priorities */ extern int ioprio_best(unsigned short aprio, unsigned short bprio); extern int set_task_ioprio(struct task_struct *task, int ioprio); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK extern int ioprio_check_cap(int ioprio); #else static inline int ioprio_check_cap(int ioprio) { return -ENOTBLK; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _INET_COMMON_H #define _INET_COMMON_H #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> extern const struct proto_ops inet_stream_ops; extern const struct proto_ops inet_dgram_ops; /* * INET4 prototypes used by INET6 */ struct msghdr; struct sock; struct sockaddr; struct socket; int inet_release(struct socket *sock); int inet_stream_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags); int __inet_stream_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags, int is_sendmsg); int inet_dgram_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags); int inet_accept(struct socket *sock, struct socket *newsock, int flags, bool kern); int inet_send_prepare(struct sock *sk); int inet_sendmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); ssize_t inet_sendpage(struct socket *sock, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); int inet_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size, int flags); int inet_shutdown(struct socket *sock, int how); int inet_listen(struct socket *sock, int backlog); void inet_sock_destruct(struct sock *sk); int inet_bind(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); /* Don't allocate port at this moment, defer to connect. */ #define BIND_FORCE_ADDRESS_NO_PORT (1 << 0) /* Grab and release socket lock. */ #define BIND_WITH_LOCK (1 << 1) /* Called from BPF program. */ #define BIND_FROM_BPF (1 << 2) int __inet_bind(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, u32 flags); int inet_getname(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int peer); int inet_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int inet_ctl_sock_create(struct sock **sk, unsigned short family, unsigned short type, unsigned char protocol, struct net *net); int inet_recv_error(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int *addr_len); struct sk_buff *inet_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb); int inet_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhoff); struct sk_buff *inet_gso_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features); static inline void inet_ctl_sock_destroy(struct sock *sk) { if (sk) sock_release(sk->sk_socket); } #define indirect_call_gro_receive(f2, f1, cb, head, skb) \ ({ \ unlikely(gro_recursion_inc_test(skb)) ? \ NAPI_GRO_CB(skb)->flush |= 1, NULL : \ INDIRECT_CALL_2(cb, f2, f1, head, skb); \ }) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * This file provides wrappers with sanitizer instrumentation for non-atomic * bit operations. * * To use this functionality, an arch's bitops.h file needs to define each of * the below bit operations with an arch_ prefix (e.g. arch_set_bit(), * arch___set_bit(), etc.). */ #ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H #define _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H #include <linux/instrumented.h> /** * __set_bit - Set a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to set * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike set_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___set_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __clear_bit - Clears a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to clear * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike clear_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___clear_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __change_bit - Toggle a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to change * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike change_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___change_bit(nr, addr); } static inline void __instrument_read_write_bitop(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KCSAN_ASSUME_PLAIN_WRITES_ATOMIC)) { /* * We treat non-atomic read-write bitops a little more special. * Given the operations here only modify a single bit, assuming * non-atomicity of the writer is sufficient may be reasonable * for certain usage (and follows the permissible nature of the * assume-plain-writes-atomic rule): * 1. report read-modify-write races -> check read; * 2. do not report races with marked readers, but do report * races with unmarked readers -> check "atomic" write. */ kcsan_check_read(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); /* * Use generic write instrumentation, in case other sanitizers * or tools are enabled alongside KCSAN. */ instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); } else { instrument_read_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); } } /** * __test_and_set_bit - Set a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to set * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_set_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __test_and_clear_bit - Clear a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to clear * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_clear_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __test_and_change_bit - Change a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to change * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_change_bit(nr, addr); } /** * test_bit - Determine whether a bit is set * @nr: bit number to test * @addr: Address to start counting from */ static inline bool test_bit(long nr, const volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_atomic_read(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); return arch_test_bit(nr, addr); } #endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM kmem #if !defined(_TRACE_KMEM_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_KMEM_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kmem_alloc, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, call_site ) __field( const void *, ptr ) __field( size_t, bytes_req ) __field( size_t, bytes_alloc ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->call_site = call_site; __entry->ptr = ptr; __entry->bytes_req = bytes_req; __entry->bytes_alloc = bytes_alloc; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("call_site=%pS ptr=%p bytes_req=%zu bytes_alloc=%zu gfp_flags=%s", (void *)__entry->call_site, __entry->ptr, __entry->bytes_req, __entry->bytes_alloc, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc, kmalloc, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc, kmem_cache_alloc, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kmem_alloc_node, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags, node), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, call_site ) __field( const void *, ptr ) __field( size_t, bytes_req ) __field( size_t, bytes_alloc ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) __field( int, node ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->call_site = call_site; __entry->ptr = ptr; __entry->bytes_req = bytes_req; __entry->bytes_alloc = bytes_alloc; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; __entry->node = node; ), TP_printk("call_site=%pS ptr=%p bytes_req=%zu bytes_alloc=%zu gfp_flags=%s node=%d", (void *)__entry->call_site, __entry->ptr, __entry->bytes_req, __entry->bytes_alloc, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags), __entry->node) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc_node, kmalloc_node, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags, node) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc_node, kmem_cache_alloc_node, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags, node) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kmem_free, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, call_site ) __field( const void *, ptr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->call_site = call_site; __entry->ptr = ptr; ), TP_printk("call_site=%pS ptr=%p", (void *)__entry->call_site, __entry->ptr) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_free, kfree, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_free, kmem_cache_free, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_free, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order), TP_ARGS(page, order), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); __entry->order = order; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%d", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, __entry->order) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_free_batched, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=0", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_alloc, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_flags, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, gfp_flags, migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) __field( int, migratetype ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page ? page_to_pfn(page) : -1UL; __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; __entry->migratetype = migratetype; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%d migratetype=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->pfn != -1UL ? pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn) : NULL, __entry->pfn != -1UL ? __entry->pfn : 0, __entry->order, __entry->migratetype, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_page, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) __field( int, migratetype ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page ? page_to_pfn(page) : -1UL; __entry->order = order; __entry->migratetype = migratetype; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%u migratetype=%d percpu_refill=%d", __entry->pfn != -1UL ? pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn) : NULL, __entry->pfn != -1UL ? __entry->pfn : 0, __entry->order, __entry->migratetype, __entry->order == 0) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_page, mm_page_alloc_zone_locked, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, migratetype) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_pcpu_drain, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) __field( int, migratetype ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page ? page_to_pfn(page) : -1UL; __entry->order = order; __entry->migratetype = migratetype; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%d migratetype=%d", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, __entry->order, __entry->migratetype) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_alloc_extfrag, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, int alloc_order, int fallback_order, int alloc_migratetype, int fallback_migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, alloc_order, fallback_order, alloc_migratetype, fallback_migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( int, alloc_order ) __field( int, fallback_order ) __field( int, alloc_migratetype ) __field( int, fallback_migratetype ) __field( int, change_ownership ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); __entry->alloc_order = alloc_order; __entry->fallback_order = fallback_order; __entry->alloc_migratetype = alloc_migratetype; __entry->fallback_migratetype = fallback_migratetype; __entry->change_ownership = (alloc_migratetype == get_pageblock_migratetype(page)); ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu alloc_order=%d fallback_order=%d pageblock_order=%d alloc_migratetype=%d fallback_migratetype=%d fragmenting=%d change_ownership=%d", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, __entry->alloc_order, __entry->fallback_order, pageblock_order, __entry->alloc_migratetype, __entry->fallback_migratetype, __entry->fallback_order < pageblock_order, __entry->change_ownership) ); /* * Required for uniquely and securely identifying mm in rss_stat tracepoint. */ #ifndef __PTR_TO_HASHVAL static unsigned int __maybe_unused mm_ptr_to_hash(const void *ptr) { int ret; unsigned long hashval; ret = ptr_to_hashval(ptr, &hashval); if (ret) return 0; /* The hashed value is only 32-bit */ return (unsigned int)hashval; } #define __PTR_TO_HASHVAL #endif TRACE_EVENT(rss_stat, TP_PROTO(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count), TP_ARGS(mm, member, count), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned int, mm_id) __field(unsigned int, curr) __field(int, member) __field(long, size) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->mm_id = mm_ptr_to_hash(mm); __entry->curr = !!(current->mm == mm); __entry->member = member; __entry->size = (count << PAGE_SHIFT); ), TP_printk("mm_id=%u curr=%d member=%d size=%ldB", __entry->mm_id, __entry->curr, __entry->member, __entry->size) ); #endif /* _TRACE_KMEM_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
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1385 1386 1387 1388 1389 1390 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 1398 1399 1400 1401 1402 1403 1404 1405 1406 1407 1408 1409 1410 1411 1412 1413 1414 1415 1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501 1502 1503 1504 1505 1506 1507 1508 1509 1510 1511 1512 1513 1514 1515 1516 1517 1518 1519 1520 1521 1522 1523 1524 1525 1526 1527 1528 1529 1530 1531 1532 1533 1534 1535 1536 1537 1538 1539 1540 1541 1542 1543 1544 1545 1546 1547 1548 1549 1550 1551 1552 1553 1554 1555 1556 1557 1558 1559 1560 1561 1562 1563 1564 1565 1566 1567 1568 1569 1570 1571 1572 1573 1574 1575 1576 1577 1578 1579 1580 1581 1582 1583 1584 1585 1586 1587 1588 1589 1590 1591 1592 1593 1594 1595 1596 1597 1598 1599 1600 1601 1602 1603 1604 1605 1606 1607 1608 1609 1610 1611 1612 1613 1614 1615 1616 1617 1618 1619 1620 1621 1622 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/ialloc.c * * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) * * BSD ufs-inspired inode and directory allocation by * Stephen Tweedie (sct@redhat.com), 1993 * Big-endian to little-endian byte-swapping/bitmaps by * David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu), 1995 */ #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include "ext4.h" #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "xattr.h" #include "acl.h" #include <trace/events/ext4.h> /* * ialloc.c contains the inodes allocation and deallocation routines */ /* * The free inodes are managed by bitmaps. A file system contains several * blocks groups. Each group contains 1 bitmap block for blocks, 1 bitmap * block for inodes, N blocks for the inode table and data blocks. * * The file system contains group descriptors which are located after the * super block. Each descriptor contains the number of the bitmap block and * the free blocks count in the block. */ /* * To avoid calling the atomic setbit hundreds or thousands of times, we only * need to use it within a single byte (to ensure we get endianness right). * We can use memset for the rest of the bitmap as there are no other users. */ void ext4_mark_bitmap_end(int start_bit, int end_bit, char *bitmap) { int i; if (start_bit >= end_bit) return; ext4_debug("mark end bits +%d through +%d used\n", start_bit, end_bit); for (i = start_bit; i < ((start_bit + 7) & ~7UL); i++) ext4_set_bit(i, bitmap); if (i < end_bit) memset(bitmap + (i >> 3), 0xff, (end_bit - i) >> 3); } void ext4_end_bitmap_read(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate) { if (uptodate) { set_buffer_uptodate(bh); set_bitmap_uptodate(bh); } unlock_buffer(bh); put_bh(bh); } static int ext4_validate_inode_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *desc, ext4_group_t block_group, struct buffer_head *bh) { ext4_fsblk_t blk; struct ext4_group_info *grp; if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY) return 0; grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, block_group); if (buffer_verified(bh)) return 0; if (EXT4_MB_GRP_IBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp)) return -EFSCORRUPTED; ext4_lock_group(sb, block_group); if (buffer_verified(bh)) goto verified; blk = ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, desc); if (!ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_verify(sb, block_group, desc, bh, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) / 8) || ext4_simulate_fail(sb, EXT4_SIM_IBITMAP_CRC)) { ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group); ext4_error(sb, "Corrupt inode bitmap - block_group = %u, " "inode_bitmap = %llu", block_group, blk); ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(sb, block_group, EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT); return -EFSBADCRC; } set_buffer_verified(bh); verified: ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group); return 0; } /* * Read the inode allocation bitmap for a given block_group, reading * into the specified slot in the superblock's bitmap cache. * * Return buffer_head of bitmap on success, or an ERR_PTR on error. */ static struct buffer_head * ext4_read_inode_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group) { struct ext4_group_desc *desc; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; ext4_fsblk_t bitmap_blk; int err; desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, block_group, NULL); if (!desc) return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); bitmap_blk = ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, desc); if ((bitmap_blk <= le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_data_block)) || (bitmap_blk >= ext4_blocks_count(sbi->s_es))) { ext4_error(sb, "Invalid inode bitmap blk %llu in " "block_group %u", bitmap_blk, block_group); ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(sb, block_group, EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } bh = sb_getblk(sb, bitmap_blk); if (unlikely(!bh)) { ext4_warning(sb, "Cannot read inode bitmap - " "block_group = %u, inode_bitmap = %llu", block_group, bitmap_blk); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } if (bitmap_uptodate(bh)) goto verify; lock_buffer(bh); if (bitmap_uptodate(bh)) { unlock_buffer(bh); goto verify; } ext4_lock_group(sb, block_group); if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb) && (desc->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT))) { if (block_group == 0) { ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group); unlock_buffer(bh); ext4_error(sb, "Inode bitmap for bg 0 marked " "uninitialized"); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } memset(bh->b_data, 0, (EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) + 7) / 8); ext4_mark_bitmap_end(EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb), sb->s_blocksize * 8, bh->b_data); set_bitmap_uptodate(bh); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); set_buffer_verified(bh); ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group); unlock_buffer(bh); return bh; } ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group); if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) { /* * if not uninit if bh is uptodate, * bitmap is also uptodate */ set_bitmap_uptodate(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); goto verify; } /* * submit the buffer_head for reading */ trace_ext4_load_inode_bitmap(sb, block_group); ext4_read_bh(bh, REQ_META | REQ_PRIO, ext4_end_bitmap_read); ext4_simulate_fail_bh(sb, bh, EXT4_SIM_IBITMAP_EIO); if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { put_bh(bh); ext4_error_err(sb, EIO, "Cannot read inode bitmap - " "block_group = %u, inode_bitmap = %llu", block_group, bitmap_blk); ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(sb, block_group, EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT); return ERR_PTR(-EIO); } verify: err = ext4_validate_inode_bitmap(sb, desc, block_group, bh); if (err) goto out; return bh; out: put_bh(bh); return ERR_PTR(err); } /* * NOTE! When we get the inode, we're the only people * that have access to it, and as such there are no * race conditions we have to worry about. The inode * is not on the hash-lists, and it cannot be reached * through the filesystem because the directory entry * has been deleted earlier. * * HOWEVER: we must make sure that we get no aliases, * which means that we have to call "clear_inode()" * _before_ we mark the inode not in use in the inode * bitmaps. Otherwise a newly created file might use * the same inode number (not actually the same pointer * though), and then we'd have two inodes sharing the * same inode number and space on the harddisk. */ void ext4_free_inode(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; int is_directory; unsigned long ino; struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh = NULL; struct buffer_head *bh2; ext4_group_t block_group; unsigned long bit; struct ext4_group_desc *gdp; struct ext4_super_block *es; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi; int fatal = 0, err, count, cleared; struct ext4_group_info *grp; if (!sb) { printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: %s:%d: inode on " "nonexistent device\n", __func__, __LINE__); return; } if (atomic_read(&inode->i_count) > 1) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "%s:%d: inode #%lu: count=%d", __func__, __LINE__, inode->i_ino, atomic_read(&inode->i_count)); return; } if (inode->i_nlink) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "%s:%d: inode #%lu: nlink=%d\n", __func__, __LINE__, inode->i_ino, inode->i_nlink); return; } sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ino = inode->i_ino; ext4_debug("freeing inode %lu\n", ino); trace_ext4_free_inode(inode); dquot_initialize(inode); dquot_free_inode(inode); is_directory = S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode); /* Do this BEFORE marking the inode not in use or returning an error */ ext4_clear_inode(inode); es = sbi->s_es; if (ino < EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb) || ino > le32_to_cpu(es->s_inodes_count)) { ext4_error(sb, "reserved or nonexistent inode %lu", ino); goto error_return; } block_group = (ino - 1) / EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); bit = (ino - 1) % EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); bitmap_bh = ext4_read_inode_bitmap(sb, block_group); /* Don't bother if the inode bitmap is corrupt. */ if (IS_ERR(bitmap_bh)) { fatal = PTR_ERR(bitmap_bh); bitmap_bh = NULL; goto error_return; } if (!(sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY)) { grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, block_group); if (unlikely(EXT4_MB_GRP_IBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp))) { fatal = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto error_return; } } BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "get_write_access"); fatal = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bitmap_bh); if (fatal) goto error_return; fatal = -ESRCH; gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, block_group, &bh2); if (gdp) { BUFFER_TRACE(bh2, "get_write_access"); fatal = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh2); } ext4_lock_group(sb, block_group); cleared = ext4_test_and_clear_bit(bit, bitmap_bh->b_data); if (fatal || !cleared) { ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group); goto out; } count = ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, gdp) + 1; ext4_free_inodes_set(sb, gdp, count); if (is_directory) { count = ext4_used_dirs_count(sb, gdp) - 1; ext4_used_dirs_set(sb, gdp, count); if (percpu_counter_initialized(&sbi->s_dirs_counter)) percpu_counter_dec(&sbi->s_dirs_counter); } ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_set(sb, block_group, gdp, bitmap_bh, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) / 8); ext4_group_desc_csum_set(sb, block_group, gdp); ext4_unlock_group(sb, block_group); if (percpu_counter_initialized(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter)) percpu_counter_inc(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter); if (sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex) { struct flex_groups *fg; fg = sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, s_flex_groups, ext4_flex_group(sbi, block_group)); atomic_inc(&fg->free_inodes); if (is_directory) atomic_dec(&fg->used_dirs); } BUFFER_TRACE(bh2, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); fatal = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh2); out: if (cleared) { BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bitmap_bh); if (!fatal) fatal = err; } else { ext4_error(sb, "bit already cleared for inode %lu", ino); ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(sb, block_group, EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT); } error_return: brelse(bitmap_bh); ext4_std_error(sb, fatal); } struct orlov_stats { __u64 free_clusters; __u32 free_inodes; __u32 used_dirs; }; /* * Helper function for Orlov's allocator; returns critical information * for a particular block group or flex_bg. If flex_size is 1, then g * is a block group number; otherwise it is flex_bg number. */ static void get_orlov_stats(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t g, int flex_size, struct orlov_stats *stats) { struct ext4_group_desc *desc; if (flex_size > 1) { struct flex_groups *fg = sbi_array_rcu_deref(EXT4_SB(sb), s_flex_groups, g); stats->free_inodes = atomic_read(&fg->free_inodes); stats->free_clusters = atomic64_read(&fg->free_clusters); stats->used_dirs = atomic_read(&fg->used_dirs); return; } desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, g, NULL); if (desc) { stats->free_inodes = ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc); stats->free_clusters = ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, desc); stats->used_dirs = ext4_used_dirs_count(sb, desc); } else { stats->free_inodes = 0; stats->free_clusters = 0; stats->used_dirs = 0; } } /* * Orlov's allocator for directories. * * We always try to spread first-level directories. * * If there are blockgroups with both free inodes and free clusters counts * not worse than average we return one with smallest directory count. * Otherwise we simply return a random group. * * For the rest rules look so: * * It's OK to put directory into a group unless * it has too many directories already (max_dirs) or * it has too few free inodes left (min_inodes) or * it has too few free clusters left (min_clusters) or * Parent's group is preferred, if it doesn't satisfy these * conditions we search cyclically through the rest. If none * of the groups look good we just look for a group with more * free inodes than average (starting at parent's group). */ static int find_group_orlov(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *parent, ext4_group_t *group, umode_t mode, const struct qstr *qstr) { ext4_group_t parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_block_group; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ext4_group_t real_ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); int inodes_per_group = EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb); unsigned int freei, avefreei, grp_free; ext4_fsblk_t freec, avefreec; unsigned int ndirs; int max_dirs, min_inodes; ext4_grpblk_t min_clusters; ext4_group_t i, grp, g, ngroups; struct ext4_group_desc *desc; struct orlov_stats stats; int flex_size = ext4_flex_bg_size(sbi); struct dx_hash_info hinfo; ngroups = real_ngroups; if (flex_size > 1) { ngroups = (real_ngroups + flex_size - 1) >> sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; parent_group >>= sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; } freei = percpu_counter_read_positive(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter); avefreei = freei / ngroups; freec = percpu_counter_read_positive(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter); avefreec = freec; do_div(avefreec, ngroups); ndirs = percpu_counter_read_positive(&sbi->s_dirs_counter); if (S_ISDIR(mode) && ((parent == d_inode(sb->s_root)) || (ext4_test_inode_flag(parent, EXT4_INODE_TOPDIR)))) { int best_ndir = inodes_per_group; int ret = -1; if (qstr) { hinfo.hash_version = DX_HASH_HALF_MD4; hinfo.seed = sbi->s_hash_seed; ext4fs_dirhash(parent, qstr->name, qstr->len, &hinfo); grp = hinfo.hash; } else grp = prandom_u32(); parent_group = (unsigned)grp % ngroups; for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) { g = (parent_group + i) % ngroups; get_orlov_stats(sb, g, flex_size, &stats); if (!stats.free_inodes) continue; if (stats.used_dirs >= best_ndir) continue; if (stats.free_inodes < avefreei) continue; if (stats.free_clusters < avefreec) continue; grp = g; ret = 0; best_ndir = stats.used_dirs; } if (ret) goto fallback; found_flex_bg: if (flex_size == 1) { *group = grp; return 0; } /* * We pack inodes at the beginning of the flexgroup's * inode tables. Block allocation decisions will do * something similar, although regular files will * start at 2nd block group of the flexgroup. See * ext4_ext_find_goal() and ext4_find_near(). */ grp *= flex_size; for (i = 0; i < flex_size; i++) { if (grp+i >= real_ngroups) break; desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, grp+i, NULL); if (desc && ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc)) { *group = grp+i; return 0; } } goto fallback; } max_dirs = ndirs / ngroups + inodes_per_group / 16; min_inodes = avefreei - inodes_per_group*flex_size / 4; if (min_inodes < 1) min_inodes = 1; min_clusters = avefreec - EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb)*flex_size / 4; /* * Start looking in the flex group where we last allocated an * inode for this parent directory */ if (EXT4_I(parent)->i_last_alloc_group != ~0) { parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_last_alloc_group; if (flex_size > 1) parent_group >>= sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; } for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) { grp = (parent_group + i) % ngroups; get_orlov_stats(sb, grp, flex_size, &stats); if (stats.used_dirs >= max_dirs) continue; if (stats.free_inodes < min_inodes) continue; if (stats.free_clusters < min_clusters) continue; goto found_flex_bg; } fallback: ngroups = real_ngroups; avefreei = freei / ngroups; fallback_retry: parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_block_group; for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) { grp = (parent_group + i) % ngroups; desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, grp, NULL); if (desc) { grp_free = ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc); if (grp_free && grp_free >= avefreei) { *group = grp; return 0; } } } if (avefreei) { /* * The free-inodes counter is approximate, and for really small * filesystems the above test can fail to find any blockgroups */ avefreei = 0; goto fallback_retry; } return -1; } static int find_group_other(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *parent, ext4_group_t *group, umode_t mode) { ext4_group_t parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_block_group; ext4_group_t i, last, ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); struct ext4_group_desc *desc; int flex_size = ext4_flex_bg_size(EXT4_SB(sb)); /* * Try to place the inode is the same flex group as its * parent. If we can't find space, use the Orlov algorithm to * find another flex group, and store that information in the * parent directory's inode information so that use that flex * group for future allocations. */ if (flex_size > 1) { int retry = 0; try_again: parent_group &= ~(flex_size-1); last = parent_group + flex_size; if (last > ngroups) last = ngroups; for (i = parent_group; i < last; i++) { desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL); if (desc && ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, desc)) { *group = i; return 0; } } if (!retry && EXT4_I(parent)->i_last_alloc_group != ~0) { retry = 1; parent_group = EXT4_I(parent)->i_last_alloc_group; goto try_again; } /* * If this didn't work, use the Orlov search algorithm * to find a new flex group; we pass in the mode to * avoid the topdir algorithms. */ *group