1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Connection state tracking for netfilter. This is separated from, * but required by, the (future) NAT layer; it can also be used by an iptables * extension. * * 16 Dec 2003: Yasuyuki Kozakai @USAGI <yasuyuki.kozakai@toshiba.co.jp> * - generalize L3 protocol dependent part. * * Derived from include/linux/netfiter_ipv4/ip_conntrack.h */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_H #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_common.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tcp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_dccp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sctp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_proto_gre.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tuple.h> struct nf_ct_udp { unsigned long stream_ts; }; /* per conntrack: protocol private data */ union nf_conntrack_proto { /* insert conntrack proto private data here */ struct nf_ct_dccp dccp; struct ip_ct_sctp sctp; struct ip_ct_tcp tcp; struct nf_ct_udp udp; struct nf_ct_gre gre; unsigned int tmpl_padto; }; union nf_conntrack_expect_proto { /* insert expect proto private data here */ }; struct nf_conntrack_net { unsigned int users4; unsigned int users6; unsigned int users_bridge; }; #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/netfilter/ipv4/nf_conntrack_ipv4.h> #include <net/netfilter/ipv6/nf_conntrack_ipv6.h> struct nf_conn { /* Usage count in here is 1 for hash table, 1 per skb, * plus 1 for any connection(s) we are `master' for * * Hint, SKB address this struct and refcnt via skb->_nfct and * helpers nf_conntrack_get() and nf_conntrack_put(). * Helper nf_ct_put() equals nf_conntrack_put() by dec refcnt, * beware nf_ct_get() is different and don't inc refcnt. */ struct nf_conntrack ct_general; spinlock_t lock; /* jiffies32 when this ct is considered dead */ u32 timeout; #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES struct nf_conntrack_zone zone; #endif /* XXX should I move this to the tail ? - Y.K */ /* These are my tuples; original and reply */ struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_MAX]; /* Have we seen traffic both ways yet? (bitset) */ unsigned long status; u16 cpu; possible_net_t ct_net; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) struct hlist_node nat_bysource; #endif /* all members below initialized via memset */ struct { } __nfct_init_offset; /* If we were expected by an expectation, this will be it */ struct nf_conn *master; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MARK) u_int32_t mark; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_SECMARK u_int32_t secmark; #endif /* Extensions */ struct nf_ct_ext *ext; /* Storage reserved for other modules, must be the last member */ union nf_conntrack_proto proto; }; static inline struct nf_conn * nf_ct_tuplehash_to_ctrack(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash *hash) { return container_of(hash, struct nf_conn, tuplehash[hash->tuple.dst.dir]); } static inline u_int16_t nf_ct_l3num(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.src.l3num; } static inline u_int8_t nf_ct_protonum(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.dst.protonum; } #define nf_ct_tuple(ct, dir) (&(ct)->tuplehash[dir].tuple) /* get master conntrack via master expectation */ #define master_ct(conntr) (conntr->master) extern struct net init_net; static inline struct net *nf_ct_net(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return read_pnet(&ct->ct_net); } /* Alter reply tuple (maybe alter helper). */ void nf_conntrack_alter_reply(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *newreply); /* Is this tuple taken? (ignoring any belonging to the given conntrack). */ int nf_conntrack_tuple_taken(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple, const struct nf_conn *ignored_conntrack); /* Return conntrack_info and tuple hash for given skb. */ static inline struct nf_conn * nf_ct_get(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum ip_conntrack_info *ctinfo) { unsigned long nfct = skb_get_nfct(skb); *ctinfo = nfct & NFCT_INFOMASK; return (struct nf_conn *)(nfct & NFCT_PTRMASK); } /* decrement reference count on a conntrack */ static inline void nf_ct_put(struct nf_conn *ct) { WARN_ON(!ct); nf_conntrack_put(&ct->ct_general); } /* Protocol module loading */ int nf_ct_l3proto_try_module_get(unsigned short l3proto); void nf_ct_l3proto_module_put(unsigned short l3proto); /* load module; enable/disable conntrack in this namespace */ int nf_ct_netns_get(struct net *net, u8 nfproto); void nf_ct_netns_put(struct net *net, u8 nfproto); /* * Allocate a hashtable of hlist_head (if nulls == 0), * or hlist_nulls_head (if nulls == 1) */ void *nf_ct_alloc_hashtable(unsigned int *sizep, int nulls); int nf_conntrack_hash_check_insert(struct nf_conn *ct); bool nf_ct_delete(struct nf_conn *ct, u32 pid, int report); bool nf_ct_get_tuplepr(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int nhoff, u_int16_t l3num, struct net *net, struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple); void __nf_ct_refresh_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies, bool do_acct); /* Refresh conntrack for this many jiffies and do accounting */ static inline void nf_ct_refresh_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies) { __nf_ct_refresh_acct(ct, ctinfo, skb, extra_jiffies, true); } /* Refresh conntrack for this many jiffies */ static inline void nf_ct_refresh(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies) { __nf_ct_refresh_acct(ct, 0, skb, extra_jiffies, false); } /* kill conntrack and do accounting */ bool nf_ct_kill_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb); /* kill conntrack without accounting */ static inline bool nf_ct_kill(struct nf_conn *ct) { return nf_ct_delete(ct, 0, 0); } /* Set all unconfirmed conntrack as dying */ void nf_ct_unconfirmed_destroy(struct net *); /* Iterate over all conntracks: if iter returns true, it's deleted. */ void nf_ct_iterate_cleanup_net(struct net *net, int (*iter)(struct nf_conn *i, void *data), void *data, u32 portid, int report); /* also set unconfirmed conntracks as dying. Only use in module exit path. */ void nf_ct_iterate_destroy(int (*iter)(struct nf_conn *i, void *data), void *data); struct nf_conntrack_zone; void nf_conntrack_free(struct nf_conn *ct); struct nf_conn *nf_conntrack_alloc(struct net *net, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *orig, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *repl, gfp_t gfp); static inline int nf_ct_is_template(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_TEMPLATE_BIT, &ct->status); } /* It's confirmed if it is, or has been in the hash table. */ static inline int nf_ct_is_confirmed(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_CONFIRMED_BIT, &ct->status); } static inline int nf_ct_is_dying(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_DYING_BIT, &ct->status); } /* Packet is received from loopback */ static inline bool nf_is_loopback_packet(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->dev && skb->skb_iif && skb->dev->flags & IFF_LOOPBACK; } #define nfct_time_stamp ((u32)(jiffies)) /* jiffies until ct expires, 0 if already expired */ static inline unsigned long nf_ct_expires(const struct nf_conn *ct) { s32 timeout = READ_ONCE(ct->timeout) - nfct_time_stamp; return timeout > 0 ? timeout : 0; } static inline bool nf_ct_is_expired(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return (__s32)(READ_ONCE(ct->timeout) - nfct_time_stamp) <= 0; } /* use after obtaining a reference count */ static inline bool nf_ct_should_gc(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return nf_ct_is_expired(ct) && nf_ct_is_confirmed(ct) && !nf_ct_is_dying(ct); } #define NF_CT_DAY (86400 * HZ) /* Set an arbitrary timeout large enough not to ever expire, this save * us a check for the IPS_OFFLOAD_BIT from the packet path via * nf_ct_is_expired(). */ static inline void nf_ct_offload_timeout(struct nf_conn *ct) { if (nf_ct_expires(ct) < NF_CT_DAY / 2) WRITE_ONCE(ct->timeout, nfct_time_stamp + NF_CT_DAY); } struct kernel_param; int nf_conntrack_set_hashsize(const char *val, const struct kernel_param *kp); int nf_conntrack_hash_resize(unsigned int hashsize); extern struct hlist_nulls_head *nf_conntrack_hash; extern unsigned int nf_conntrack_htable_size; extern seqcount_spinlock_t nf_conntrack_generation; extern unsigned int nf_conntrack_max; /* must be called with rcu read lock held */ static inline void nf_conntrack_get_ht(struct hlist_nulls_head **hash, unsigned int *hsize) { struct hlist_nulls_head *hptr; unsigned int sequence, hsz; do { sequence = read_seqcount_begin(&nf_conntrack_generation); hsz = nf_conntrack_htable_size; hptr = nf_conntrack_hash; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&nf_conntrack_generation, sequence)); *hash = hptr; *hsize = hsz; } struct nf_conn *nf_ct_tmpl_alloc(struct net *net, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, gfp_t flags); void nf_ct_tmpl_free(struct nf_conn *tmpl); u32 nf_ct_get_id(const struct nf_conn *ct); static inline void nf_ct_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info info) { skb_set_nfct(skb, (unsigned long)ct | info); } #define NF_CT_STAT_INC(net, count) __this_cpu_inc((net)->ct.stat->count) #define NF_CT_STAT_INC_ATOMIC(net, count) this_cpu_inc((net)->ct.stat->count) #define NF_CT_STAT_ADD_ATOMIC(net, count, v) this_cpu_add((net)->ct.stat->count, (v)) #define MODULE_ALIAS_NFCT_HELPER(helper) \ MODULE_ALIAS("nfct-helper-" helper) #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_RT_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_RT_H #include <linux/sched.h> struct task_struct; static inline int rt_prio(int prio) { if (unlikely(prio < MAX_RT_PRIO)) return 1; return 0; } static inline int rt_task(struct task_struct *p) { return rt_prio(p->prio); } static inline bool task_is_realtime(struct task_struct *tsk) { int policy = tsk->policy; if (policy == SCHED_FIFO || policy == SCHED_RR) return true; if (policy == SCHED_DEADLINE) return true; return false; } #ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES /* * Must hold either p->pi_lock or task_rq(p)->lock. */ static inline struct task_struct *rt_mutex_get_top_task(struct task_struct *p) { return p->pi_top_task; } extern void rt_mutex_setprio(struct task_struct *p, struct task_struct *pi_task); extern void rt_mutex_adjust_pi(struct task_struct *p); static inline bool tsk_is_pi_blocked(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->pi_blocked_on != NULL; } #else static inline struct task_struct *rt_mutex_get_top_task(struct task_struct *task) { return NULL; } # define rt_mutex_adjust_pi(p) do { } while (0) static inline bool tsk_is_pi_blocked(struct task_struct *tsk) { return false; } #endif extern void normalize_rt_tasks(void); /* * default timeslice is 100 msecs (used only for SCHED_RR tasks). * Timeslices get refilled after they expire. */ #define RR_TIMESLICE (100 * HZ / 1000) #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_RT_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_PGTABLE_INVERT_H #define _ASM_PGTABLE_INVERT_H 1 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* * A clear pte value is special, and doesn't get inverted. * * Note that even users that only pass a pgprot_t (rather * than a full pte) won't trigger the special zero case, * because even PAGE_NONE has _PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_ACCESSED * set. So the all zero case really is limited to just the * cleared page table entry case. */ static inline bool __pte_needs_invert(u64 val) { return val && !(val & _PAGE_PRESENT); } /* Get a mask to xor with the page table entry to get the correct pfn. */ static inline u64 protnone_mask(u64 val) { return __pte_needs_invert(val) ? ~0ull : 0; } static inline u64 flip_protnone_guard(u64 oldval, u64 val, u64 mask) { /* * When a PTE transitions from NONE to !NONE or vice-versa * invert the PFN part to stop speculation. * pte_pfn undoes this when needed. */ if (__pte_needs_invert(oldval) != __pte_needs_invert(val)) val = (val & ~mask) | (~val & mask); return val; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_NVRAM_H #define _LINUX_NVRAM_H #include <linux/errno.h> #include <uapi/linux/nvram.h> #ifdef CONFIG_PPC #include <asm/machdep.h> #endif /** * struct nvram_ops - NVRAM functionality made available to drivers * @read: validate checksum (if any) then load a range of bytes from NVRAM * @write: store a range of bytes to NVRAM then update checksum (if any) * @read_byte: load a single byte from NVRAM * @write_byte: store a single byte to NVRAM * @get_size: return the fixed number of bytes in the NVRAM * * Architectures which provide an nvram ops struct need not implement all * of these methods. If the NVRAM hardware can be accessed only one byte * at a time then it may be sufficient to provide .read_byte and .write_byte. * If the NVRAM has a checksum (and it is to be checked) the .read and * .write methods can be used to implement that efficiently. * * Portable drivers may use the wrapper functions defined here. * The nvram_read() and nvram_write() functions call the .read and .write * methods when available and fall back on the .read_byte and .write_byte * methods otherwise. */ struct nvram_ops { ssize_t (*get_size)(void); unsigned char (*read_byte)(int); void (*write_byte)(unsigned char, int); ssize_t (*read)(char *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*write)(char *, size_t, loff_t *); #if defined(CONFIG_X86) || defined(CONFIG_M68K) long (*initialize)(void); long (*set_checksum)(void); #endif }; extern const struct nvram_ops arch_nvram_ops; static inline ssize_t nvram_get_size(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_PPC if (ppc_md.nvram_size) return ppc_md.nvram_size(); #else if (arch_nvram_ops.get_size) return arch_nvram_ops.get_size(); #endif return -ENODEV; } static inline unsigned char nvram_read_byte(int addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_PPC if (ppc_md.nvram_read_val) return ppc_md.nvram_read_val(addr); #else if (arch_nvram_ops.read_byte) return arch_nvram_ops.read_byte(addr); #endif return 0xFF; } static inline void nvram_write_byte(unsigned char val, int addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_PPC if (ppc_md.nvram_write_val) ppc_md.nvram_write_val(addr, val); #else if (arch_nvram_ops.write_byte) arch_nvram_ops.write_byte(val, addr); #endif } static inline ssize_t nvram_read_bytes(char *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { ssize_t nvram_size = nvram_get_size(); loff_t i; char *p = buf; if (nvram_size < 0) return nvram_size; for (i = *ppos; count > 0 && i < nvram_size; ++i, ++p, --count) *p = nvram_read_byte(i); *ppos = i; return p - buf; } static inline ssize_t nvram_write_bytes(char *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { ssize_t nvram_size = nvram_get_size(); loff_t i; char *p = buf; if (nvram_size < 0) return nvram_size; for (i = *ppos; count > 0 && i < nvram_size; ++i, ++p, --count) nvram_write_byte(*p, i); *ppos = i; return p - buf; } static inline ssize_t nvram_read(char *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { #ifdef CONFIG_PPC if (ppc_md.nvram_read) return ppc_md.nvram_read(buf, count, ppos); #else if (arch_nvram_ops.read) return arch_nvram_ops.read(buf, count, ppos); #endif return nvram_read_bytes(buf, count, ppos); } static inline ssize_t nvram_write(char *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { #ifdef CONFIG_PPC if (ppc_md.nvram_write) return ppc_md.nvram_write(buf, count, ppos); #else if (arch_nvram_ops.write) return arch_nvram_ops.write(buf, count, ppos); #endif return nvram_write_bytes(buf, count, ppos); } #endif /* _LINUX_NVRAM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_VMACACHE_H #define __LINUX_VMACACHE_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/mm.h> static inline void vmacache_flush(struct task_struct *tsk) { memset(tsk->vmacache.vmas, 0, sizeof(tsk->vmacache.vmas)); } extern void vmacache_update(unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *newvma); extern struct vm_area_struct *vmacache_find(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU extern struct vm_area_struct *vmacache_find_exact(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); #endif static inline void vmacache_invalidate(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->vmacache_seqnum++; } #endif /* __LINUX_VMACACHE_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only #include "cgroup-internal.h" #include <linux/sched/cputime.h> static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(cgroup_rstat_lock); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(raw_spinlock_t, cgroup_rstat_cpu_lock); static void cgroup_base_stat_flush(struct cgroup *cgrp, int cpu); static struct cgroup_rstat_cpu *cgroup_rstat_cpu(struct cgroup *cgrp, int cpu) { return per_cpu_ptr(cgrp->rstat_cpu, cpu); } /** * cgroup_rstat_updated - keep track of updated rstat_cpu * @cgrp: target cgroup * @cpu: cpu on which rstat_cpu was updated * * @cgrp's rstat_cpu on @cpu was updated. Put it on the parent's matching * rstat_cpu->updated_children list. See the comment on top of * cgroup_rstat_cpu definition for details. */ void cgroup_rstat_updated(struct cgroup *cgrp, int cpu) { raw_spinlock_t *cpu_lock = per_cpu_ptr(&cgroup_rstat_cpu_lock, cpu); struct cgroup *parent; unsigned long flags; /* nothing to do for root */ if (!cgroup_parent(cgrp)) return; /* * Speculative already-on-list test. This may race leading to * temporary inaccuracies, which is fine. * * Because @parent's updated_children is terminated with @parent * instead of NULL, we can tell whether @cgrp is on the list by * testing the next pointer for NULL. */ if (cgroup_rstat_cpu(cgrp, cpu)->updated_next) return; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(cpu_lock, flags); /* put @cgrp and all ancestors on the corresponding updated lists */ for (parent = cgroup_parent(cgrp); parent; cgrp = parent, parent = cgroup_parent(cgrp)) { struct cgroup_rstat_cpu *rstatc = cgroup_rstat_cpu(cgrp, cpu); struct cgroup_rstat_cpu *prstatc = cgroup_rstat_cpu(parent, cpu); /* * Both additions and removals are bottom-up. If a cgroup * is already in the tree, all ancestors are. */ if (rstatc->updated_next) break; rstatc->updated_next = prstatc->updated_children; prstatc->updated_children = cgrp; } raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(cpu_lock, flags); } /** * cgroup_rstat_cpu_pop_updated - iterate and dismantle rstat_cpu updated tree * @pos: current position * @root: root of the tree to traversal * @cpu: target cpu * * Walks the udpated rstat_cpu tree on @cpu from @root. %NULL @pos starts * the traversal and %NULL return indicates the end. During traversal, * each returned cgroup is unlinked from the tree. Must be called with the * matching cgroup_rstat_cpu_lock held. * * The only ordering guarantee is that, for a parent and a child pair * covered by a given traversal, if a child is visited, its parent is * guaranteed to be visited afterwards. */ static struct cgroup *cgroup_rstat_cpu_pop_updated(struct cgroup *pos, struct cgroup *root, int cpu) { struct cgroup_rstat_cpu *rstatc; if (pos == root) return NULL; /* * We're gonna walk down to the first leaf and visit/remove it. We * can pick whatever unvisited node as the starting point. */ if (!pos) pos = root; else pos = cgroup_parent(pos); /* walk down to the first leaf */ while (true) { rstatc = cgroup_rstat_cpu(pos, cpu); if (rstatc->updated_children == pos) break; pos = rstatc->updated_children; } /* * Unlink @pos from the tree. As the updated_children list is * singly linked, we have to walk it to find the removal point. * However, due to the way we traverse, @pos will be the first * child in most cases. The only exception is @root. */ if (rstatc->updated_next) { struct cgroup *parent = cgroup_parent(pos); struct cgroup_rstat_cpu *prstatc = cgroup_rstat_cpu(parent, cpu); struct cgroup_rstat_cpu *nrstatc; struct cgroup **nextp; nextp = &prstatc->updated_children; while (true) { nrstatc = cgroup_rstat_cpu(*nextp, cpu); if (*nextp == pos) break; WARN_ON_ONCE(*nextp == parent); nextp = &nrstatc->updated_next; } *nextp = rstatc->updated_next; rstatc->updated_next = NULL; return pos; } /* only happens for @root */ return NULL; } /* see cgroup_rstat_flush() */ static void cgroup_rstat_flush_locked(struct cgroup *cgrp, bool may_sleep) __releases(&cgroup_rstat_lock) __acquires(&cgroup_rstat_lock) { int cpu; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_rstat_lock); for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { raw_spinlock_t *cpu_lock = per_cpu_ptr(&cgroup_rstat_cpu_lock, cpu); struct cgroup *pos = NULL; raw_spin_lock(cpu_lock); while ((pos = cgroup_rstat_cpu_pop_updated(pos, cgrp, cpu))) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; cgroup_base_stat_flush(pos, cpu); rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(css, &pos->rstat_css_list, rstat_css_node) css->ss->css_rstat_flush(css, cpu); rcu_read_unlock(); } raw_spin_unlock(cpu_lock); /* if @may_sleep, play nice and yield if necessary */ if (may_sleep && (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(&cgroup_rstat_lock))) { spin_unlock_irq(&cgroup_rstat_lock); if (!cond_resched()) cpu_relax(); spin_lock_irq(&cgroup_rstat_lock); } } } /** * cgroup_rstat_flush - flush stats in @cgrp's subtree * @cgrp: target cgroup * * Collect all per-cpu stats in @cgrp's subtree into the global counters * and propagate them upwards. After this function returns, all cgroups in * the subtree have up-to-date ->stat. * * This also gets all cgroups in the subtree including @cgrp off the * ->updated_children lists. * * This function may block. */ void cgroup_rstat_flush(struct cgroup *cgrp) { might_sleep(); spin_lock_irq(&cgroup_rstat_lock); cgroup_rstat_flush_locked(cgrp, true); spin_unlock_irq(&cgroup_rstat_lock); } /** * cgroup_rstat_flush_irqsafe - irqsafe version of cgroup_rstat_flush() * @cgrp: target cgroup * * This function can be called from any context. */ void cgroup_rstat_flush_irqsafe(struct cgroup *cgrp) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&cgroup_rstat_lock, flags); cgroup_rstat_flush_locked(cgrp, false); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cgroup_rstat_lock, flags); } /** * cgroup_rstat_flush_begin - flush stats in @cgrp's subtree and hold * @cgrp: target cgroup * * Flush stats in @cgrp's subtree and prevent further flushes. Must be * paired with cgroup_rstat_flush_release(). * * This function may block. */ void cgroup_rstat_flush_hold(struct cgroup *cgrp) __acquires(&cgroup_rstat_lock) { might_sleep(); spin_lock_irq(&cgroup_rstat_lock); cgroup_rstat_flush_locked(cgrp, true); } /** * cgroup_rstat_flush_release - release cgroup_rstat_flush_hold() */ void cgroup_rstat_flush_release(void) __releases(&cgroup_rstat_lock) { spin_unlock_irq(&cgroup_rstat_lock); } int cgroup_rstat_init(struct cgroup *cgrp) { int cpu; /* the root cgrp has rstat_cpu preallocated */ if (!cgrp->rstat_cpu) { cgrp->rstat_cpu = alloc_percpu(struct cgroup_rstat_cpu); if (!cgrp->rstat_cpu) return -ENOMEM; } /* ->updated_children list is self terminated */ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { struct cgroup_rstat_cpu *rstatc = cgroup_rstat_cpu(cgrp, cpu); rstatc->updated_children = cgrp; u64_stats_init(&rstatc->bsync); } return 0; } void cgroup_rstat_exit(struct cgroup *cgrp) { int cpu; cgroup_rstat_flush(cgrp); /* sanity check */ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { struct cgroup_rstat_cpu *rstatc = cgroup_rstat_cpu(cgrp, cpu); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(rstatc->updated_children != cgrp) || WARN_ON_ONCE(rstatc->updated_next)) return; } free_percpu(cgrp->rstat_cpu); cgrp->rstat_cpu = NULL; } void __init cgroup_rstat_boot(void) { int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) raw_spin_lock_init(per_cpu_ptr(&cgroup_rstat_cpu_lock, cpu)); BUG_ON(cgroup_rstat_init(&cgrp_dfl_root.cgrp)); } /* * Functions for cgroup basic resource statistics implemented on top of * rstat. */ static void cgroup_base_stat_add(struct cgroup_base_stat *dst_bstat, struct cgroup_base_stat *src_bstat) { dst_bstat->cputime.utime += src_bstat->cputime.utime; dst_bstat->cputime.stime += src_bstat->cputime.stime; dst_bstat->cputime.sum_exec_runtime += src_bstat->cputime.sum_exec_runtime; } static void cgroup_base_stat_sub(struct cgroup_base_stat *dst_bstat, struct cgroup_base_stat *src_bstat) { dst_bstat->cputime.utime -= src_bstat->cputime.utime; dst_bstat->cputime.stime -= src_bstat->cputime.stime; dst_bstat->cputime.sum_exec_runtime -= src_bstat->cputime.sum_exec_runtime; } static void cgroup_base_stat_flush(struct cgroup *cgrp, int cpu) { struct cgroup *parent = cgroup_parent(cgrp); struct cgroup_rstat_cpu *rstatc = cgroup_rstat_cpu(cgrp, cpu); struct cgroup_base_stat cur, delta; unsigned seq; /* fetch the current per-cpu values */ do { seq = __u64_stats_fetch_begin(&rstatc->bsync); cur.cputime = rstatc->bstat.cputime; } while (__u64_stats_fetch_retry(&rstatc->bsync, seq)); /* propagate percpu delta to global */ delta = cur; cgroup_base_stat_sub(&delta, &rstatc->last_bstat); cgroup_base_stat_add(&cgrp->bstat, &delta); cgroup_base_stat_add(&rstatc->last_bstat, &delta); /* propagate global delta to parent */ if (parent) { delta = cgrp->bstat; cgroup_base_stat_sub(&delta, &cgrp->last_bstat); cgroup_base_stat_add(&parent->bstat, &delta); cgroup_base_stat_add(&cgrp->last_bstat, &delta); } } static struct cgroup_rstat_cpu * cgroup_base_stat_cputime_account_begin(struct cgroup *cgrp) { struct cgroup_rstat_cpu *rstatc; rstatc = get_cpu_ptr(cgrp->rstat_cpu); u64_stats_update_begin(&rstatc->bsync); return rstatc; } static void cgroup_base_stat_cputime_account_end(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cgroup_rstat_cpu *rstatc) { u64_stats_update_end(&rstatc->bsync); cgroup_rstat_updated(cgrp, smp_processor_id()); put_cpu_ptr(rstatc); } void __cgroup_account_cputime(struct cgroup *cgrp, u64 delta_exec) { struct cgroup_rstat_cpu *rstatc; rstatc = cgroup_base_stat_cputime_account_begin(cgrp); rstatc->bstat.cputime.sum_exec_runtime += delta_exec; cgroup_base_stat_cputime_account_end(cgrp, rstatc); } void __cgroup_account_cputime_field(struct cgroup *cgrp, enum cpu_usage_stat index, u64 delta_exec) { struct cgroup_rstat_cpu *rstatc; rstatc = cgroup_base_stat_cputime_account_begin(cgrp); switch (index) { case CPUTIME_USER: case CPUTIME_NICE: rstatc->bstat.cputime.utime += delta_exec; break; case CPUTIME_SYSTEM: case CPUTIME_IRQ: case CPUTIME_SOFTIRQ: rstatc->bstat.cputime.stime += delta_exec; break; default: break; } cgroup_base_stat_cputime_account_end(cgrp, rstatc); } /* * compute the cputime for the root cgroup by getting the per cpu data * at a global level, then categorizing the fields in a manner consistent * with how it is done by __cgroup_account_cputime_field for each bit of * cpu time attributed to a cgroup. */ static void root_cgroup_cputime(struct task_cputime *cputime) { int i; cputime->stime = 0; cputime->utime = 0; cputime->sum_exec_runtime = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(i) { struct kernel_cpustat kcpustat; u64 *cpustat = kcpustat.cpustat; u64 user = 0; u64 sys = 0; kcpustat_cpu_fetch(&kcpustat, i); user += cpustat[CPUTIME_USER]; user += cpustat[CPUTIME_NICE]; cputime->utime += user; sys += cpustat[CPUTIME_SYSTEM]; sys += cpustat[CPUTIME_IRQ]; sys += cpustat[CPUTIME_SOFTIRQ]; cputime->stime += sys; cputime->sum_exec_runtime += user; cputime->sum_exec_runtime += sys; cputime->sum_exec_runtime += cpustat[CPUTIME_STEAL]; } } void cgroup_base_stat_cputime_show(struct seq_file *seq) { struct cgroup *cgrp = seq_css(seq)->cgroup; u64 usage, utime, stime; struct task_cputime cputime; if (cgroup_parent(cgrp)) { cgroup_rstat_flush_hold(cgrp); usage = cgrp->bstat.cputime.sum_exec_runtime; cputime_adjust(&cgrp->bstat.cputime, &cgrp->prev_cputime, &utime, &stime); cgroup_rstat_flush_release(); } else { root_cgroup_cputime(&cputime); usage = cputime.sum_exec_runtime; utime = cputime.utime; stime = cputime.stime; } do_div(usage, NSEC_PER_USEC); do_div(utime, NSEC_PER_USEC); do_div(stime, NSEC_PER_USEC); seq_printf(seq, "usage_usec %llu\n" "user_usec %llu\n" "system_usec %llu\n", usage, utime, stime); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM cgroup #if !defined(_TRACE_CGROUP_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_CGROUP_H #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(cgroup_root, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup_root *root), TP_ARGS(root), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, root ) __field( u16, ss_mask ) __string( name, root->name ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->root = root->hierarchy_id; __entry->ss_mask = root->subsys_mask; __assign_str(name, root->name); ), TP_printk("root=%d ss_mask=%#x name=%s", __entry->root, __entry->ss_mask, __get_str(name)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup_root, cgroup_setup_root, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup_root *root), TP_ARGS(root) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup_root, cgroup_destroy_root, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup_root *root), TP_ARGS(root) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup_root, cgroup_remount, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup_root *root), TP_ARGS(root) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(cgroup, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, root ) __field( int, id ) __field( int, level ) __string( path, path ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->root = cgrp->root->hierarchy_id; __entry->id = cgroup_id(cgrp); __entry->level = cgrp->level; __assign_str(path, path); ), TP_printk("root=%d id=%d level=%d path=%s", __entry->root, __entry->id, __entry->level, __get_str(path)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup, cgroup_mkdir, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup, cgroup_rmdir, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup, cgroup_release, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup, cgroup_rename, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup, cgroup_freeze, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup, cgroup_unfreeze, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(cgroup_migrate, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *dst_cgrp, const char *path, struct task_struct *task, bool threadgroup), TP_ARGS(dst_cgrp, path, task, threadgroup), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, dst_root ) __field( int, dst_id ) __field( int, dst_level ) __field( int, pid ) __string( dst_path, path ) __string( comm, task->comm ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dst_root = dst_cgrp->root->hierarchy_id; __entry->dst_id = cgroup_id(dst_cgrp); __entry->dst_level = dst_cgrp->level; __assign_str(dst_path, path); __entry->pid = task->pid; __assign_str(comm, task->comm); ), TP_printk("dst_root=%d dst_id=%d dst_level=%d dst_path=%s pid=%d comm=%s", __entry->dst_root, __entry->dst_id, __entry->dst_level, __get_str(dst_path), __entry->pid, __get_str(comm)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup_migrate, cgroup_attach_task, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *dst_cgrp, const char *path, struct task_struct *task, bool threadgroup), TP_ARGS(dst_cgrp, path, task, threadgroup) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup_migrate, cgroup_transfer_tasks, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *dst_cgrp, const char *path, struct task_struct *task, bool threadgroup), TP_ARGS(dst_cgrp, path, task, threadgroup) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(cgroup_event, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path, int val), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path, val), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, root ) __field( int, id ) __field( int, level ) __string( path, path ) __field( int, val ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->root = cgrp->root->hierarchy_id; __entry->id = cgroup_id(cgrp); __entry->level = cgrp->level; __assign_str(path, path); __entry->val = val; ), TP_printk("root=%d id=%d level=%d path=%s val=%d", __entry->root, __entry->id, __entry->level, __get_str(path), __entry->val) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup_event, cgroup_notify_populated, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path, int val), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path, val) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup_event, cgroup_notify_frozen, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path, int val), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path, val) ); #endif /* _TRACE_CGROUP_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * async.h: Asynchronous function calls for boot performance * * (C) Copyright 2009 Intel Corporation * Author: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com> */ #ifndef __ASYNC_H__ #define __ASYNC_H__ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/device.h> typedef u64 async_cookie_t; typedef void (*async_func_t) (void *data, async_cookie_t cookie); struct async_domain { struct list_head pending; unsigned registered:1; }; /* * domain participates in global async_synchronize_full */ #define ASYNC_DOMAIN(_name) \ struct async_domain _name = { .pending = LIST_HEAD_INIT(_name.pending), \ .registered = 1 } /* * domain is free to go out of scope as soon as all pending work is * complete, this domain does not participate in async_synchronize_full */ #define ASYNC_DOMAIN_EXCLUSIVE(_name) \ struct async_domain _name = { .pending = LIST_HEAD_INIT(_name.pending), \ .registered = 0 } async_cookie_t async_schedule_node(async_func_t func, void *data, int node); async_cookie_t async_schedule_node_domain(async_func_t func, void *data, int node, struct async_domain *domain); /** * async_schedule - schedule a function for asynchronous execution * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @data: data pointer to pass to the function * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule(async_func_t func, void *data) { return async_schedule_node(func, data, NUMA_NO_NODE); } /** * async_schedule_domain - schedule a function for asynchronous execution within a certain domain * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @data: data pointer to pass to the function * @domain: the domain * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * @domain may be used in the async_synchronize_*_domain() functions to * wait within a certain synchronization domain rather than globally. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule_domain(async_func_t func, void *data, struct async_domain *domain) { return async_schedule_node_domain(func, data, NUMA_NO_NODE, domain); } /** * async_schedule_dev - A device specific version of async_schedule * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @dev: device argument to be passed to function * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * @dev is used as both the argument for the function and to provide NUMA * context for where to run the function. By doing this we can try to * provide for the best possible outcome by operating on the device on the * CPUs closest to the device. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule_dev(async_func_t func, struct device *dev) { return async_schedule_node(func, dev, dev_to_node(dev)); } /** * async_schedule_dev_domain - A device specific version of async_schedule_domain * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @dev: device argument to be passed to function * @domain: the domain * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * @dev is used as both the argument for the function and to provide NUMA * context for where to run the function. By doing this we can try to * provide for the best possible outcome by operating on the device on the * CPUs closest to the device. * @domain may be used in the async_synchronize_*_domain() functions to * wait within a certain synchronization domain rather than globally. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule_dev_domain(async_func_t func, struct device *dev, struct async_domain *domain) { return async_schedule_node_domain(func, dev, dev_to_node(dev), domain); } void async_unregister_domain(struct async_domain *domain); extern void async_synchronize_full(void); extern void async_synchronize_full_domain(struct async_domain *domain); extern void async_synchronize_cookie(async_cookie_t cookie); extern void async_synchronize_cookie_domain(async_cookie_t cookie, struct async_domain *domain); extern bool current_is_async(void); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MEMREMAP_H_ #define _LINUX_MEMREMAP_H_ #include <linux/range.h> #include <linux/ioport.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> struct resource; struct device; /** * struct vmem_altmap - pre-allocated storage for vmemmap_populate * @base_pfn: base of the entire dev_pagemap mapping * @reserve: pages mapped, but reserved for driver use (relative to @base) * @free: free pages set aside in the mapping for memmap storage * @align: pages reserved to meet allocation alignments * @alloc: track pages consumed, private to vmemmap_populate() */ struct vmem_altmap { const unsigned long base_pfn; const unsigned long end_pfn; const unsigned long reserve; unsigned long free; unsigned long align; unsigned long alloc; }; /* * Specialize ZONE_DEVICE memory into multiple types each having differents * usage. * * MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE: * Device memory that is not directly addressable by the CPU: CPU can neither * read nor write private memory. In this case, we do still have struct pages * backing the device memory. Doing so simplifies the implementation, but it is * important to remember that there are certain points at which the struct page * must be treated as an opaque object, rather than a "normal" struct page. * * A more complete discussion of unaddressable memory may be found in * include/linux/hmm.h and Documentation/vm/hmm.rst. * * MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX: * Host memory that has similar access semantics as System RAM i.e. DMA * coherent and supports page pinning. In support of coordinating page * pinning vs other operations MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX arranges for a * wakeup event whenever a page is unpinned and becomes idle. This * wakeup is used to coordinate physical address space management (ex: * fs truncate/hole punch) vs pinned pages (ex: device dma). * * MEMORY_DEVICE_GENERIC: * Host memory that has similar access semantics as System RAM i.e. DMA * coherent and supports page pinning. This is for example used by DAX devices * that expose memory using a character device. * * MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA: * Device memory residing in a PCI BAR intended for use with Peer-to-Peer * transactions. */ enum memory_type { /* 0 is reserved to catch uninitialized type fields */ MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE = 1, MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX, MEMORY_DEVICE_GENERIC, MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA, }; struct dev_pagemap_ops { /* * Called once the page refcount reaches 1. (ZONE_DEVICE pages never * reach 0 refcount unless there is a refcount bug. This allows the * device driver to implement its own memory management.) */ void (*page_free)(struct page *page); /* * Transition the refcount in struct dev_pagemap to the dead state. */ void (*kill)(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap); /* * Wait for refcount in struct dev_pagemap to be idle and reap it. */ void (*cleanup)(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap); /* * Used for private (un-addressable) device memory only. Must migrate * the page back to a CPU accessible page. */ vm_fault_t (*migrate_to_ram)(struct vm_fault *vmf); }; #define PGMAP_ALTMAP_VALID (1 << 0) /** * struct dev_pagemap - metadata for ZONE_DEVICE mappings * @altmap: pre-allocated/reserved memory for vmemmap allocations * @ref: reference count that pins the devm_memremap_pages() mapping * @internal_ref: internal reference if @ref is not provided by the caller * @done: completion for @internal_ref * @type: memory type: see MEMORY_* in memory_hotplug.h * @flags: PGMAP_* flags to specify defailed behavior * @ops: method table * @owner: an opaque pointer identifying the entity that manages this * instance. Used by various helpers to make sure that no * foreign ZONE_DEVICE memory is accessed. * @nr_range: number of ranges to be mapped * @range: range to be mapped when nr_range == 1 * @ranges: array of ranges to be mapped when nr_range > 1 */ struct dev_pagemap { struct vmem_altmap altmap; struct percpu_ref *ref; struct percpu_ref internal_ref; struct completion done; enum memory_type type; unsigned int flags; const struct dev_pagemap_ops *ops; void *owner; int nr_range; union { struct range range; struct range ranges[0]; }; }; static inline struct vmem_altmap *pgmap_altmap(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap) { if (pgmap->flags & PGMAP_ALTMAP_VALID) return &pgmap->altmap; return NULL; } #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE void *memremap_pages(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap, int nid); void memunmap_pages(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap); void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap); void devm_memunmap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap); struct dev_pagemap *get_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap); bool pgmap_pfn_valid(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap, unsigned long pfn); unsigned long vmem_altmap_offset(struct vmem_altmap *altmap); void vmem_altmap_free(struct vmem_altmap *altmap, unsigned long nr_pfns); unsigned long memremap_compat_align(void); #else static inline void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap) { /* * Fail attempts to call devm_memremap_pages() without * ZONE_DEVICE support enabled, this requires callers to fall * back to plain devm_memremap() based on config */ WARN_ON_ONCE(1); return ERR_PTR(-ENXIO); } static inline void devm_memunmap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap) { } static inline struct dev_pagemap *get_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap) { return NULL; } static inline bool pgmap_pfn_valid(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap, unsigned long pfn) { return false; } static inline unsigned long vmem_altmap_offset(struct vmem_altmap *altmap) { return 0; } static inline void vmem_altmap_free(struct vmem_altmap *altmap, unsigned long nr_pfns) { } /* when memremap_pages() is disabled all archs can remap a single page */ static inline unsigned long memremap_compat_align(void) { return PAGE_SIZE; } #endif /* CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE */ static inline void put_dev_pagemap(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap) { if (pgmap) percpu_ref_put(pgmap->ref); } #endif /* _LINUX_MEMREMAP_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_DESC_H #define _ASM_X86_DESC_H #include <asm/desc_defs.h> #include <asm/ldt.h> #include <asm/mmu.h> #include <asm/fixmap.h> #include <asm/irq_vectors.h> #include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> static inline void fill_ldt(struct desc_struct *desc, const struct user_desc *info) { desc->limit0 = info->limit & 0x0ffff; desc->base0 = (info->base_addr & 0x0000ffff); desc->base1 = (info->base_addr & 0x00ff0000) >> 16; desc->type = (info->read_exec_only ^ 1) << 1; desc->type |= info->contents << 2; /* Set the ACCESS bit so it can be mapped RO */ desc->type |= 1; desc->s = 1; desc->dpl = 0x3; desc->p = info->seg_not_present ^ 1; desc->limit1 = (info->limit & 0xf0000) >> 16; desc->avl = info->useable; desc->d = info->seg_32bit; desc->g = info->limit_in_pages; desc->base2 = (info->base_addr & 0xff000000) >> 24; /* * Don't allow setting of the lm bit. It would confuse * user_64bit_mode and would get overridden by sysret anyway. */ desc->l = 0; } struct gdt_page { struct desc_struct gdt[GDT_ENTRIES]; } __attribute__((aligned(PAGE_SIZE))); DECLARE_PER_CPU_PAGE_ALIGNED(struct gdt_page, gdt_page); /* Provide the original GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_cpu_gdt_rw(unsigned int cpu) { return per_cpu(gdt_page, cpu).gdt; } /* Provide the current original GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_current_gdt_rw(void) { return this_cpu_ptr(&gdt_page)->gdt; } /* Provide the fixmap address of the remapped GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_cpu_gdt_ro(int cpu) { return (struct desc_struct *)&get_cpu_entry_area(cpu)->gdt; } /* Provide the current read-only GDT */ static inline struct desc_struct *get_current_gdt_ro(void) { return get_cpu_gdt_ro(smp_processor_id()); } /* Provide the physical address of the GDT page. */ static inline phys_addr_t get_cpu_gdt_paddr(unsigned int cpu) { return per_cpu_ptr_to_phys(get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu)); } static inline void pack_gate(gate_desc *gate, unsigned type, unsigned long func, unsigned dpl, unsigned ist, unsigned seg) { gate->offset_low = (u16) func; gate->bits.p = 1; gate->bits.dpl = dpl; gate->bits.zero = 0; gate->bits.type = type; gate->offset_middle = (u16) (func >> 16); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 gate->segment = __KERNEL_CS; gate->bits.ist = ist; gate->reserved = 0; gate->offset_high = (u32) (func >> 32); #else gate->segment = seg; gate->bits.ist = 0; #endif } static inline int desc_empty(const void *ptr) { const u32 *desc = ptr; return !(desc[0] | desc[1]); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else #define load_TR_desc() native_load_tr_desc() #define load_gdt(dtr) native_load_gdt(dtr) #define load_idt(dtr) native_load_idt(dtr) #define load_tr(tr) asm volatile("ltr %0"::"m" (tr)) #define load_ldt(ldt) asm volatile("lldt %0"::"m" (ldt)) #define store_gdt(dtr) native_store_gdt(dtr) #define store_tr(tr) (tr = native_store_tr()) #define load_TLS(t, cpu) native_load_tls(t, cpu) #define set_ldt native_set_ldt #define write_ldt_entry(dt, entry, desc) native_write_ldt_entry(dt, entry, desc) #define write_gdt_entry(dt, entry, desc, type) native_write_gdt_entry(dt, entry, desc, type) #define write_idt_entry(dt, entry, g) native_write_idt_entry(dt, entry, g) static inline void paravirt_alloc_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { } static inline void paravirt_free_ldt(struct desc_struct *ldt, unsigned entries) { } #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #define store_ldt(ldt) asm("sldt %0" : "=m"(ldt)) static inline void native_write_idt_entry(gate_desc *idt, int entry, const gate_desc *gate) { memcpy(&idt[entry], gate, sizeof(*gate)); } static inline void native_write_ldt_entry(struct desc_struct *ldt, int entry, const void *desc) { memcpy(&ldt[entry], desc, 8); } static inline void native_write_gdt_entry(struct desc_struct *gdt, int entry, const void *desc, int type) { unsigned int size; switch (type) { case DESC_TSS: size = sizeof(tss_desc); break; case DESC_LDT: size = sizeof(ldt_desc); break; default: size = sizeof(*gdt); break; } memcpy(&gdt[entry], desc, size); } static inline void set_tssldt_descriptor(void *d, unsigned long addr, unsigned type, unsigned size) { struct ldttss_desc *desc = d; memset(desc, 0, sizeof(*desc)); desc->limit0 = (u16) size; desc->base0 = (u16) addr; desc->base1 = (addr >> 16) & 0xFF; desc->type = type; desc->p = 1; desc->limit1 = (size >> 16) & 0xF; desc->base2 = (addr >> 24) & 0xFF; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 desc->base3 = (u32) (addr >> 32); #endif } static inline void __set_tss_desc(unsigned cpu, unsigned int entry, struct x86_hw_tss *addr) { struct desc_struct *d = get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu); tss_desc tss; set_tssldt_descriptor(&tss, (unsigned long)addr, DESC_TSS, __KERNEL_TSS_LIMIT); write_gdt_entry(d, entry, &tss, DESC_TSS); } #define set_tss_desc(cpu, addr) __set_tss_desc(cpu, GDT_ENTRY_TSS, addr) static inline void native_set_ldt(const void *addr, unsigned int entries) { if (likely(entries == 0)) asm volatile("lldt %w0"::"q" (0)); else { unsigned cpu = smp_processor_id(); ldt_desc ldt; set_tssldt_descriptor(&ldt, (unsigned long)addr, DESC_LDT, entries * LDT_ENTRY_SIZE - 1); write_gdt_entry(get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu), GDT_ENTRY_LDT, &ldt, DESC_LDT); asm volatile("lldt %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_LDT*8)); } } static inline void native_load_gdt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("lgdt %0"::"m" (*dtr)); } static __always_inline void native_load_idt(const struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("lidt %0"::"m" (*dtr)); } static inline void native_store_gdt(struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("sgdt %0":"=m" (*dtr)); } static inline void store_idt(struct desc_ptr *dtr) { asm volatile("sidt %0":"=m" (*dtr)); } /* * The LTR instruction marks the TSS GDT entry as busy. On 64-bit, the GDT is * a read-only remapping. To prevent a page fault, the GDT is switched to the * original writeable version when needed. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static inline void native_load_tr_desc(void) { struct desc_ptr gdt; int cpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); bool restore = 0; struct desc_struct *fixmap_gdt; native_store_gdt(&gdt); fixmap_gdt = get_cpu_gdt_ro(cpu); /* * If the current GDT is the read-only fixmap, swap to the original * writeable version. Swap back at the end. */ if (gdt.address == (unsigned long)fixmap_gdt) { load_direct_gdt(cpu); restore = 1; } asm volatile("ltr %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_TSS*8)); if (restore) load_fixmap_gdt(cpu); } #else static inline void native_load_tr_desc(void) { asm volatile("ltr %w0"::"q" (GDT_ENTRY_TSS*8)); } #endif static inline unsigned long native_store_tr(void) { unsigned long tr; asm volatile("str %0":"=r" (tr)); return tr; } static inline void native_load_tls(struct thread_struct *t, unsigned int cpu) { struct desc_struct *gdt = get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu); unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < GDT_ENTRY_TLS_ENTRIES; i++) gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MIN + i] = t->tls_array[i]; } DECLARE_PER_CPU(bool, __tss_limit_invalid); static inline void force_reload_TR(void) { struct desc_struct *d = get_current_gdt_rw(); tss_desc tss; memcpy(&tss, &d[GDT_ENTRY_TSS], sizeof(tss_desc)); /* * LTR requires an available TSS, and the TSS is currently * busy. Make it be available so that LTR will work. */ tss.type = DESC_TSS; write_gdt_entry(d, GDT_ENTRY_TSS, &tss, DESC_TSS); load_TR_desc(); this_cpu_write(__tss_limit_invalid, false); } /* * Call this if you need the TSS limit to be correct, which should be the case * if and only if you have TIF_IO_BITMAP set or you're switching to a task * with TIF_IO_BITMAP set. */ static inline void refresh_tss_limit(void) { DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(preemptible()); if (unlikely(this_cpu_read(__tss_limit_invalid))) force_reload_TR(); } /* * If you do something evil that corrupts the cached TSS limit (I'm looking * at you, VMX exits), call this function. * * The optimization here is that the TSS limit only matters for Linux if the * IO bitmap is in use. If the TSS limit gets forced to its minimum value, * everything works except that IO bitmap will be ignored and all CPL 3 IO * instructions will #GP, which is exactly what we want for normal tasks. */ static inline void invalidate_tss_limit(void) { DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(preemptible()); if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_IO_BITMAP))) force_reload_TR(); else this_cpu_write(__tss_limit_invalid, true); } /* This intentionally ignores lm, since 32-bit apps don't have that field. */ #define LDT_empty(info) \ ((info)->base_addr == 0 && \ (info)->limit == 0 && \ (info)->contents == 0 && \ (info)->read_exec_only == 1 && \ (info)->seg_32bit == 0 && \ (info)->limit_in_pages == 0 && \ (info)->seg_not_present == 1 && \ (info)->useable == 0) /* Lots of programs expect an all-zero user_desc to mean "no segment at all". */ static inline bool LDT_zero(const struct user_desc *info) { return (info->base_addr == 0 && info->limit == 0 && info->contents == 0 && info->read_exec_only == 0 && info->seg_32bit == 0 && info->limit_in_pages == 0 && info->seg_not_present == 0 && info->useable == 0); } static inline void clear_LDT(void) { set_ldt(NULL, 0); } static inline unsigned long get_desc_base(const struct desc_struct *desc) { return (unsigned)(desc->base0 | ((desc->base1) << 16) | ((desc->base2) << 24)); } static inline void set_desc_base(struct desc_struct *desc, unsigned long base) { desc->base0 = base & 0xffff; desc->base1 = (base >> 16) & 0xff; desc->base2 = (base >> 24) & 0xff; } static inline unsigned long get_desc_limit(const struct desc_struct *desc) { return desc->limit0 | (desc->limit1 << 16); } static inline void set_desc_limit(struct desc_struct *desc, unsigned long limit) { desc->limit0 = limit & 0xffff; desc->limit1 = (limit >> 16) & 0xf; } void alloc_intr_gate(unsigned int n, const void *addr); static inline void init_idt_data(struct idt_data *data, unsigned int n, const void *addr) { BUG_ON(n > 0xFF); memset(data, 0, sizeof(*data)); data->vector = n; data->addr = addr; data->segment = __KERNEL_CS; data->bits.type = GATE_INTERRUPT; data->bits.p = 1; } static inline void idt_init_desc(gate_desc *gate, const struct idt_data *d) { unsigned long addr = (unsigned long) d->addr; gate->offset_low = (u16) addr; gate->segment = (u16) d->segment; gate->bits = d->bits; gate->offset_middle = (u16) (addr >> 16); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 gate->offset_high = (u32) (addr >> 32); gate->reserved = 0; #endif } extern unsigned long system_vectors[]; extern void load_current_idt(void); extern void idt_setup_early_handler(void); extern void idt_setup_early_traps(void); extern void idt_setup_traps(void); extern void idt_setup_apic_and_irq_gates(void); extern bool idt_is_f00f_address(unsigned long address); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 extern void idt_setup_early_pf(void); extern void idt_setup_ist_traps(void); #else static inline void idt_setup_early_pf(void) { } static inline void idt_setup_ist_traps(void) { } #endif extern void idt_invalidate(void *addr); #endif /* _ASM_X86_DESC_H */
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3017 3018 3019 3020 3021 3022 3023 3024 3025 3026 3027 3028 3029 3030 3031 3032 3033 3034 3035 3036 3037 3038 3039 3040 3041 3042 3043 3044 3045 3046 3047 3048 3049 3050 3051 3052 3053 3054 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Simple NUMA memory policy for the Linux kernel. * * Copyright 2003,2004 Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs. * (C) Copyright 2005 Christoph Lameter, Silicon Graphics, Inc. * * NUMA policy allows the user to give hints in which node(s) memory should * be allocated. * * Support four policies per VMA and per process: * * The VMA policy has priority over the process policy for a page fault. * * interleave Allocate memory interleaved over a set of nodes, * with normal fallback if it fails. * For VMA based allocations this interleaves based on the * offset into the backing object or offset into the mapping * for anonymous memory. For process policy an process counter * is used. * * bind Only allocate memory on a specific set of nodes, * no fallback. * FIXME: memory is allocated starting with the first node * to the last. It would be better if bind would truly restrict * the allocation to memory nodes instead * * preferred Try a specific node first before normal fallback. * As a special case NUMA_NO_NODE here means do the allocation * on the local CPU. This is normally identical to default, * but useful to set in a VMA when you have a non default * process policy. * * default Allocate on the local node first, or when on a VMA * use the process policy. This is what Linux always did * in a NUMA aware kernel and still does by, ahem, default. * * The process policy is applied for most non interrupt memory allocations * in that process' context. Interrupts ignore the policies and always * try to allocate on the local CPU. The VMA policy is only applied for memory * allocations for a VMA in the VM. * * Currently there are a few corner cases in swapping where the policy * is not applied, but the majority should be handled. When process policy * is used it is not remembered over swap outs/swap ins. * * Only the highest zone in the zone hierarchy gets policied. Allocations * requesting a lower zone just use default policy. This implies that * on systems with highmem kernel lowmem allocation don't get policied. * Same with GFP_DMA allocations. * * For shmfs/tmpfs/hugetlbfs shared memory the policy is shared between * all users and remembered even when nobody has memory mapped. */ /* Notebook: fix mmap readahead to honour policy and enable policy for any page cache object statistics for bigpages global policy for page cache? currently it uses process policy. Requires first item above. handle mremap for shared memory (currently ignored for the policy) grows down? make bind policy root only? It can trigger oom much faster and the kernel is not always grateful with that. */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/pagewalk.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #include <linux/mm_inline.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/printk.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include "internal.h" /* Internal flags */ #define MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK (MPOL_MF_INTERNAL << 0) /* Skip checks for continuous vmas */ #define MPOL_MF_INVERT (MPOL_MF_INTERNAL << 1) /* Invert check for nodemask */ static struct kmem_cache *policy_cache; static struct kmem_cache *sn_cache; /* Highest zone. An specific allocation for a zone below that is not policied. */ enum zone_type policy_zone = 0; /* * run-time system-wide default policy => local allocation */ static struct mempolicy default_policy = { .refcnt = ATOMIC_INIT(1), /* never free it */ .mode = MPOL_PREFERRED, .flags = MPOL_F_LOCAL, }; static struct mempolicy preferred_node_policy[MAX_NUMNODES]; /** * numa_map_to_online_node - Find closest online node * @node: Node id to start the search * * Lookup the next closest node by distance if @nid is not online. */ int numa_map_to_online_node(int node) { int min_dist = INT_MAX, dist, n, min_node; if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE || node_online(node)) return node; min_node = node; for_each_online_node(n) { dist = node_distance(node, n); if (dist < min_dist) { min_dist = dist; min_node = n; } } return min_node; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(numa_map_to_online_node); struct mempolicy *get_task_policy(struct task_struct *p) { struct mempolicy *pol = p->mempolicy; int node; if (pol) return pol; node = numa_node_id(); if (node != NUMA_NO_NODE) { pol = &preferred_node_policy[node]; /* preferred_node_policy is not initialised early in boot */ if (pol->mode) return pol; } return &default_policy; } static const struct mempolicy_operations { int (*create)(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes); void (*rebind)(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes); } mpol_ops[MPOL_MAX]; static inline int mpol_store_user_nodemask(const struct mempolicy *pol) { return pol->flags & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; } static void mpol_relative_nodemask(nodemask_t *ret, const nodemask_t *orig, const nodemask_t *rel) { nodemask_t tmp; nodes_fold(tmp, *orig, nodes_weight(*rel)); nodes_onto(*ret, tmp, *rel); } static int mpol_new_interleave(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return -EINVAL; pol->v.nodes = *nodes; return 0; } static int mpol_new_preferred(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { if (!nodes) pol->flags |= MPOL_F_LOCAL; /* local allocation */ else if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return -EINVAL; /* no allowed nodes */ else pol->v.preferred_node = first_node(*nodes); return 0; } static int mpol_new_bind(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return -EINVAL; pol->v.nodes = *nodes; return 0; } /* * mpol_set_nodemask is called after mpol_new() to set up the nodemask, if * any, for the new policy. mpol_new() has already validated the nodes * parameter with respect to the policy mode and flags. But, we need to * handle an empty nodemask with MPOL_PREFERRED here. * * Must be called holding task's alloc_lock to protect task's mems_allowed * and mempolicy. May also be called holding the mmap_lock for write. */ static int mpol_set_nodemask(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes, struct nodemask_scratch *nsc) { int ret; /* if mode is MPOL_DEFAULT, pol is NULL. This is right. */ if (pol == NULL) return 0; /* Check N_MEMORY */ nodes_and(nsc->mask1, cpuset_current_mems_allowed, node_states[N_MEMORY]); VM_BUG_ON(!nodes); if (pol->mode == MPOL_PREFERRED && nodes_empty(*nodes)) nodes = NULL; /* explicit local allocation */ else { if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) mpol_relative_nodemask(&nsc->mask2, nodes, &nsc->mask1); else nodes_and(nsc->mask2, *nodes, nsc->mask1); if (mpol_store_user_nodemask(pol)) pol->w.user_nodemask = *nodes; else pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed = cpuset_current_mems_allowed; } if (nodes) ret = mpol_ops[pol->mode].create(pol, &nsc->mask2); else ret = mpol_ops[pol->mode].create(pol, NULL); return ret; } /* * This function just creates a new policy, does some check and simple * initialization. You must invoke mpol_set_nodemask() to set nodes. */ static struct mempolicy *mpol_new(unsigned short mode, unsigned short flags, nodemask_t *nodes) { struct mempolicy *policy; pr_debug("setting mode %d flags %d nodes[0] %lx\n", mode, flags, nodes ? nodes_addr(*nodes)[0] : NUMA_NO_NODE); if (mode == MPOL_DEFAULT) { if (nodes && !nodes_empty(*nodes)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return NULL; } VM_BUG_ON(!nodes); /* * MPOL_PREFERRED cannot be used with MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES or * MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES if the nodemask is empty (local allocation). * All other modes require a valid pointer to a non-empty nodemask. */ if (mode == MPOL_PREFERRED) { if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) { if (((flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) || (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES))) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } } else if (mode == MPOL_LOCAL) { if (!nodes_empty(*nodes) || (flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) || (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); mode = MPOL_PREFERRED; } else if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); policy = kmem_cache_alloc(policy_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!policy) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); atomic_set(&policy->refcnt, 1); policy->mode = mode; policy->flags = flags; return policy; } /* Slow path of a mpol destructor. */ void __mpol_put(struct mempolicy *p) { if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&p->refcnt)) return; kmem_cache_free(policy_cache, p); } static void mpol_rebind_default(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { } static void mpol_rebind_nodemask(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { nodemask_t tmp; if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) nodes_and(tmp, pol->w.user_nodemask, *nodes); else if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) mpol_relative_nodemask(&tmp, &pol->w.user_nodemask, nodes); else { nodes_remap(tmp, pol->v.nodes,pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed, *nodes); pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed = *nodes; } if (nodes_empty(tmp)) tmp = *nodes; pol->v.nodes = tmp; } static void mpol_rebind_preferred(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { nodemask_t tmp; if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) { int node = first_node(pol->w.user_nodemask); if (node_isset(node, *nodes)) { pol->v.preferred_node = node; pol->flags &= ~MPOL_F_LOCAL; } else pol->flags |= MPOL_F_LOCAL; } else if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) { mpol_relative_nodemask(&tmp, &pol->w.user_nodemask, nodes); pol->v.preferred_node = first_node(tmp); } else if (!(pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) { pol->v.preferred_node = node_remap(pol->v.preferred_node, pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed, *nodes); pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed = *nodes; } } /* * mpol_rebind_policy - Migrate a policy to a different set of nodes * * Per-vma policies are protected by mmap_lock. Allocations using per-task * policies are protected by task->mems_allowed_seq to prevent a premature * OOM/allocation failure due to parallel nodemask modification. */ static void mpol_rebind_policy(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *newmask) { if (!pol) return; if (!mpol_store_user_nodemask(pol) && !(pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) && nodes_equal(pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed, *newmask)) return; mpol_ops[pol->mode].rebind(pol, newmask); } /* * Wrapper for mpol_rebind_policy() that just requires task * pointer, and updates task mempolicy. * * Called with task's alloc_lock held. */ void mpol_rebind_task(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *new) { mpol_rebind_policy(tsk->mempolicy, new); } /* * Rebind each vma in mm to new nodemask. * * Call holding a reference to mm. Takes mm->mmap_lock during call. */ void mpol_rebind_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, nodemask_t *new) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; mmap_write_lock(mm); for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) mpol_rebind_policy(vma->vm_policy, new); mmap_write_unlock(mm); } static const struct mempolicy_operations mpol_ops[MPOL_MAX] = { [MPOL_DEFAULT] = { .rebind = mpol_rebind_default, }, [MPOL_INTERLEAVE] = { .create = mpol_new_interleave, .rebind = mpol_rebind_nodemask, }, [MPOL_PREFERRED] = { .create = mpol_new_preferred, .rebind = mpol_rebind_preferred, }, [MPOL_BIND] = { .create = mpol_new_bind, .rebind = mpol_rebind_nodemask, }, }; static int migrate_page_add(struct page *page, struct list_head *pagelist, unsigned long flags); struct queue_pages { struct list_head *pagelist; unsigned long flags; nodemask_t *nmask; unsigned long start; unsigned long end; struct vm_area_struct *first; }; /* * Check if the page's nid is in qp->nmask. * * If MPOL_MF_INVERT is set in qp->flags, check if the nid is * in the invert of qp->nmask. */ static inline bool queue_pages_required(struct page *page, struct queue_pages *qp) { int nid = page_to_nid(page); unsigned long flags = qp->flags; return node_isset(nid, *qp->nmask) == !(flags & MPOL_MF_INVERT); } /* * queue_pages_pmd() has four possible return values: * 0 - pages are placed on the right node or queued successfully. * 1 - there is unmovable page, and MPOL_MF_MOVE* & MPOL_MF_STRICT were * specified. * 2 - THP was split. * -EIO - is migration entry or only MPOL_MF_STRICT was specified and an * existing page was already on a node that does not follow the * policy. */ static int queue_pages_pmd(pmd_t *pmd, spinlock_t *ptl, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) __releases(ptl) { int ret = 0; struct page *page; struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long flags; if (unlikely(is_pmd_migration_entry(*pmd))) { ret = -EIO; goto unlock; } page = pmd_page(*pmd); if (is_huge_zero_page(page)) { spin_unlock(ptl); __split_huge_pmd(walk->vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); ret = 2; goto out; } if (!queue_pages_required(page, qp)) goto unlock; flags = qp->flags; /* go to thp migration */ if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL)) { if (!vma_migratable(walk->vma) || migrate_page_add(page, qp->pagelist, flags)) { ret = 1; goto unlock; } } else ret = -EIO; unlock: spin_unlock(ptl); out: return ret; } /* * Scan through pages checking if pages follow certain conditions, * and move them to the pagelist if they do. * * queue_pages_pte_range() has three possible return values: * 0 - pages are placed on the right node or queued successfully. * 1 - there is unmovable page, and MPOL_MF_MOVE* & MPOL_MF_STRICT were * specified. * -EIO - only MPOL_MF_STRICT was specified and an existing page was already * on a node that does not follow the policy. */ static int queue_pages_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma; struct page *page; struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long flags = qp->flags; int ret; bool has_unmovable = false; pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma); if (ptl) { ret = queue_pages_pmd(pmd, ptl, addr, end, walk); if (ret != 2) return ret; } /* THP was split, fall through to pte walk */ if (pmd_trans_unstable(pmd)) return 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_offset_map_lock(walk->mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); for (; addr != end; pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE) { if (!pte_present(*pte)) continue; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, *pte); if (!page) continue; /* * vm_normal_page() filters out zero pages, but there might * still be PageReserved pages to skip, perhaps in a VDSO. */ if (PageReserved(page)) continue; if (!queue_pages_required(page, qp)) continue; if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL)) { /* MPOL_MF_STRICT must be specified if we get here */ if (!vma_migratable(vma)) { has_unmovable = true; break; } /* * Do not abort immediately since there may be * temporary off LRU pages in the range. Still * need migrate other LRU pages. */ if (migrate_page_add(page, qp->pagelist, flags)) has_unmovable = true; } else break; } pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); cond_resched(); if (has_unmovable) return 1; return addr != end ? -EIO : 0; } static int queue_pages_hugetlb(pte_t *pte, unsigned long hmask, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) { int ret = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long flags = (qp->flags & MPOL_MF_VALID); struct page *page; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t entry; ptl = huge_pte_lock(hstate_vma(walk->vma), walk->mm, pte); entry = huge_ptep_get(pte); if (!pte_present(entry)) goto unlock; page = pte_page(entry); if (!queue_pages_required(page, qp)) goto unlock; if (flags == MPOL_MF_STRICT) { /* * STRICT alone means only detecting misplaced page and no * need to further check other vma. */ ret = -EIO; goto unlock; } if (!vma_migratable(walk->vma)) { /* * Must be STRICT with MOVE*, otherwise .test_walk() have * stopped walking current vma. * Detecting misplaced page but allow migrating pages which * have been queued. */ ret = 1; goto unlock; } /* With MPOL_MF_MOVE, we migrate only unshared hugepage. */ if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL) || (flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE && page_mapcount(page) == 1)) { if (!isolate_huge_page(page, qp->pagelist) && (flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT)) /* * Failed to isolate page but allow migrating pages * which have been queued. */ ret = 1; } unlock: spin_unlock(ptl); #else BUG(); #endif return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * This is used to mark a range of virtual addresses to be inaccessible. * These are later cleared by a NUMA hinting fault. Depending on these * faults, pages may be migrated for better NUMA placement. * * This is assuming that NUMA faults are handled using PROT_NONE. If * an architecture makes a different choice, it will need further * changes to the core. */ unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { int nr_updated; nr_updated = change_protection(vma, addr, end, PAGE_NONE, MM_CP_PROT_NUMA); if (nr_updated) count_vm_numa_events(NUMA_PTE_UPDATES, nr_updated); return nr_updated; } #else static unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static int queue_pages_test_walk(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma; struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long endvma = vma->vm_end; unsigned long flags = qp->flags; /* range check first */ VM_BUG_ON_VMA((vma->vm_start > start) || (vma->vm_end < end), vma); if (!qp->first) { qp->first = vma; if (!(flags & MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK) && (qp->start < vma->vm_start)) /* hole at head side of range */ return -EFAULT; } if (!(flags & MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK) && ((vma->vm_end < qp->end) && (!vma->vm_next || vma->vm_end < vma->vm_next->vm_start))) /* hole at middle or tail of range */ return -EFAULT; /* * Need check MPOL_MF_STRICT to return -EIO if possible * regardless of vma_migratable */ if (!vma_migratable(vma) && !(flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT)) return 1; if (endvma > end) endvma = end; if (flags & MPOL_MF_LAZY) { /* Similar to task_numa_work, skip inaccessible VMAs */ if (!is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) && vma_is_accessible(vma) && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) change_prot_numa(vma, start, endvma); return 1; } /* queue pages from current vma */ if (flags & MPOL_MF_VALID) return 0; return 1; } static const struct mm_walk_ops queue_pages_walk_ops = { .hugetlb_entry = queue_pages_hugetlb, .pmd_entry = queue_pages_pte_range, .test_walk = queue_pages_test_walk, }; /* * Walk through page tables and collect pages to be migrated. * * If pages found in a given range are on a set of nodes (determined by * @nodes and @flags,) it's isolated and queued to the pagelist which is * passed via @private. * * queue_pages_range() has three possible return values: * 1 - there is unmovable page, but MPOL_MF_MOVE* & MPOL_MF_STRICT were * specified. * 0 - queue pages successfully or no misplaced page. * errno - i.e. misplaced pages with MPOL_MF_STRICT specified (-EIO) or * memory range specified by nodemask and maxnode points outside * your accessible address space (-EFAULT) */ static int queue_pages_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, nodemask_t *nodes, unsigned long flags, struct list_head *pagelist) { int err; struct queue_pages qp = { .pagelist = pagelist, .flags = flags, .nmask = nodes, .start = start, .end = end, .first = NULL, }; err = walk_page_range(mm, start, end, &queue_pages_walk_ops, &qp); if (!qp.first) /* whole range in hole */ err = -EFAULT; return err; } /* * Apply policy to a single VMA * This must be called with the mmap_lock held for writing. */ static int vma_replace_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *pol) { int err; struct mempolicy *old; struct mempolicy *new; pr_debug("vma %lx-%lx/%lx vm_ops %p vm_file %p set_policy %p\n", vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, vma->vm_pgoff, vma->vm_ops, vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->set_policy : NULL); new = mpol_dup(pol); if (IS_ERR(new)) return PTR_ERR(new); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->set_policy) { err = vma->vm_ops->set_policy(vma, new); if (err) goto err_out; } old = vma->vm_policy; vma->vm_policy = new; /* protected by mmap_lock */ mpol_put(old); return 0; err_out: mpol_put(new); return err; } /* Step 2: apply policy to a range and do splits. */ static int mbind_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mempolicy *new_pol) { struct vm_area_struct *next; struct vm_area_struct *prev; struct vm_area_struct *vma; int err = 0; pgoff_t pgoff; unsigned long vmstart; unsigned long vmend; vma = find_vma(mm, start); VM_BUG_ON(!vma); prev = vma->vm_prev; if (start > vma->vm_start) prev = vma; for (; vma && vma->vm_start < end; prev = vma, vma = next) { next = vma->vm_next; vmstart = max(start, vma->vm_start); vmend = min(end, vma->vm_end); if (mpol_equal(vma_policy(vma), new_pol)) continue; pgoff = vma->vm_pgoff + ((vmstart - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT); prev = vma_merge(mm, prev, vmstart, vmend, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, vma->vm_file, pgoff, new_pol, vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx); if (prev) { vma = prev; next = vma->vm_next; if (mpol_equal(vma_policy(vma), new_pol)) continue; /* vma_merge() joined vma && vma->next, case 8 */ goto replace; } if (vma->vm_start != vmstart) { err = split_vma(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmstart, 1); if (err) goto out; } if (vma->vm_end != vmend) { err = split_vma(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmend, 0); if (err) goto out; } replace: err = vma_replace_policy(vma, new_pol); if (err) goto out; } out: return err; } /* Set the process memory policy */ static long do_set_mempolicy(unsigned short mode, unsigned short flags, nodemask_t *nodes) { struct mempolicy *new, *old; NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); int ret; if (!scratch) return -ENOMEM; new = mpol_new(mode, flags, nodes); if (IS_ERR(new)) { ret = PTR_ERR(new); goto out; } ret = mpol_set_nodemask(new, nodes, scratch); if (ret) { mpol_put(new); goto out; } task_lock(current); old = current->mempolicy; current->mempolicy = new; if (new && new->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) current->il_prev = MAX_NUMNODES-1; task_unlock(current); mpol_put(old); ret = 0; out: NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); return ret; } /* * Return nodemask for policy for get_mempolicy() query * * Called with task's alloc_lock held */ static void get_policy_nodemask(struct mempolicy *p, nodemask_t *nodes) { nodes_clear(*nodes); if (p == &default_policy) return; switch (p->mode) { case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: *nodes = p->v.nodes; break; case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (!(p->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) node_set(p->v.preferred_node, *nodes); /* else return empty node mask for local allocation */ break; default: BUG(); } } static int lookup_node(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { struct page *p = NULL; int err; int locked = 1; err = get_user_pages_locked(addr & PAGE_MASK, 1, 0, &p, &locked); if (err > 0) { err = page_to_nid(p); put_page(p); } if (locked) mmap_read_unlock(mm); return err; } /* Retrieve NUMA policy */ static long do_get_mempolicy(int *policy, nodemask_t *nmask, unsigned long addr, unsigned long flags) { int err; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL; struct mempolicy *pol = current->mempolicy, *pol_refcount = NULL; if (flags & ~(unsigned long)(MPOL_F_NODE|MPOL_F_ADDR|MPOL_F_MEMS_ALLOWED)) return -EINVAL; if (flags & MPOL_F_MEMS_ALLOWED) { if (flags & (MPOL_F_NODE|MPOL_F_ADDR)) return -EINVAL; *policy = 0; /* just so it's initialized */ task_lock(current); *nmask = cpuset_current_mems_allowed; task_unlock(current); return 0; } if (flags & MPOL_F_ADDR) { /* * Do NOT fall back to task policy if the * vma/shared policy at addr is NULL. We * want to return MPOL_DEFAULT in this case. */ mmap_read_lock(mm); vma = find_vma_intersection(mm, addr, addr+1); if (!vma) { mmap_read_unlock(mm); return -EFAULT; } if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy) pol = vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, addr); else pol = vma->vm_policy; } else if (addr) return -EINVAL; if (!pol) pol = &default_policy; /* indicates default behavior */ if (flags & MPOL_F_NODE) { if (flags & MPOL_F_ADDR) { /* * Take a refcount on the mpol, lookup_node() * wil drop the mmap_lock, so after calling * lookup_node() only "pol" remains valid, "vma" * is stale. */ pol_refcount = pol; vma = NULL; mpol_get(pol); err = lookup_node(mm, addr); if (err < 0) goto out; *policy = err; } else if (pol == current->mempolicy && pol->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) { *policy = next_node_in(current->il_prev, pol->v.nodes); } else { err = -EINVAL; goto out; } } else { *policy = pol == &default_policy ? MPOL_DEFAULT : pol->mode; /* * Internal mempolicy flags must be masked off before exposing * the policy to userspace. */ *policy |= (pol->flags & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS); } err = 0; if (nmask) { if (mpol_store_user_nodemask(pol)) { *nmask = pol->w.user_nodemask; } else { task_lock(current); get_policy_nodemask(pol, nmask); task_unlock(current); } } out: mpol_cond_put(pol); if (vma) mmap_read_unlock(mm); if (pol_refcount) mpol_put(pol_refcount); return err; } #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION /* * page migration, thp tail pages can be passed. */ static int migrate_page_add(struct page *page, struct list_head *pagelist, unsigned long flags) { struct page *head = compound_head(page); /* * Avoid migrating a page that is shared with others. */ if ((flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL) || page_mapcount(head) == 1) { if (!isolate_lru_page(head)) { list_add_tail(&head->lru, pagelist); mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(head), NR_ISOLATED_ANON + page_is_file_lru(head), thp_nr_pages(head)); } else if (flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT) { /* * Non-movable page may reach here. And, there may be * temporary off LRU pages or non-LRU movable pages. * Treat them as unmovable pages since they can't be * isolated, so they can't be moved at the moment. It * should return -EIO for this case too. */ return -EIO; } } return 0; } /* * Migrate pages from one node to a target node. * Returns error or the number of pages not migrated. */ static int migrate_to_node(struct mm_struct *mm, int source, int dest, int flags) { nodemask_t nmask; LIST_HEAD(pagelist); int err = 0; struct migration_target_control mtc = { .nid = dest, .gfp_mask = GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE | __GFP_THISNODE, }; nodes_clear(nmask); node_set(source, nmask); /* * This does not "check" the range but isolates all pages that * need migration. Between passing in the full user address * space range and MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK, this call can not fail. */ VM_BUG_ON(!(flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL))); queue_pages_range(mm, mm->mmap->vm_start, mm->task_size, &nmask, flags | MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK, &pagelist); if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) { err = migrate_pages(&pagelist, alloc_migration_target, NULL, (unsigned long)&mtc, MIGRATE_SYNC, MR_SYSCALL); if (err) putback_movable_pages(&pagelist); } return err; } /* * Move pages between the two nodesets so as to preserve the physical * layout as much as possible. * * Returns the number of page that could not be moved. */ int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags) { int busy = 0; int err; nodemask_t tmp; err = migrate_prep(); if (err) return err; mmap_read_lock(mm); /* * Find a 'source' bit set in 'tmp' whose corresponding 'dest' * bit in 'to' is not also set in 'tmp'. Clear the found 'source' * bit in 'tmp', and return that <source, dest> pair for migration. * The pair of nodemasks 'to' and 'from' define the map. * * If no pair of bits is found that way, fallback to picking some * pair of 'source' and 'dest' bits that are not the same. If the * 'source' and 'dest' bits are the same, this represents a node * that will be migrating to itself, so no pages need move. * * If no bits are left in 'tmp', or if all remaining bits left * in 'tmp' correspond to the same bit in 'to', return false * (nothing left to migrate). * * This lets us pick a pair of nodes to migrate between, such that * if possible the dest node is not already occupied by some other * source node, minimizing the risk of overloading the memory on a * node that would happen if we migrated incoming memory to a node * before migrating outgoing memory source that same node. * * A single scan of tmp is sufficient. As we go, we remember the * most recent <s, d> pair that moved (s != d). If we find a pair * that not only moved, but what's better, moved to an empty slot * (d is not set in tmp), then we break out then, with that pair. * Otherwise when we finish scanning from_tmp, we at least have the * most recent <s, d> pair that moved. If we get all the way through * the scan of tmp without finding any node that moved, much less * moved to an empty node, then there is nothing left worth migrating. */ tmp = *from; while (!nodes_empty(tmp)) { int s,d; int source = NUMA_NO_NODE; int dest = 0; for_each_node_mask(s, tmp) { /* * do_migrate_pages() tries to maintain the relative * node relationship of the pages established between * threads and memory areas. * * However if the number of source nodes is not equal to * the number of destination nodes we can not preserve * this node relative relationship. In that case, skip * copying memory from a node that is in the destination * mask. * * Example: [2,3,4] -> [3,4,5] moves everything. * [0-7] - > [3,4,5] moves only 0,1,2,6,7. */ if ((nodes_weight(*from) != nodes_weight(*to)) && (node_isset(s, *to))) continue; d = node_remap(s, *from, *to); if (s == d) continue; source = s; /* Node moved. Memorize */ dest = d; /* dest not in remaining from nodes? */ if (!node_isset(dest, tmp)) break; } if (source == NUMA_NO_NODE) break; node_clear(source, tmp); err = migrate_to_node(mm, source, dest, flags); if (err > 0) busy += err; if (err < 0) break; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); if (err < 0) return err; return busy; } /* * Allocate a new page for page migration based on vma policy. * Start by assuming the page is mapped by the same vma as contains @start. * Search forward from there, if not. N.B., this assumes that the * list of pages handed to migrate_pages()--which is how we get here-- * is in virtual address order. */ static struct page *new_page(struct page *page, unsigned long start) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long address; vma = find_vma(current->mm, start); while (vma) { address = page_address_in_vma(page, vma); if (address != -EFAULT) break; vma = vma->vm_next; } if (PageHuge(page)) { return alloc_huge_page_vma(page_hstate(compound_head(page)), vma, address); } else if (PageTransHuge(page)) { struct page *thp; thp = alloc_hugepage_vma(GFP_TRANSHUGE, vma, address, HPAGE_PMD_ORDER); if (!thp) return NULL; prep_transhuge_page(thp); return thp; } /* * if !vma, alloc_page_vma() will use task or system default policy */ return alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE | __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL, vma, address); } #else static int migrate_page_add(struct page *page, struct list_head *pagelist, unsigned long flags) { return -EIO; } int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags) { return -ENOSYS; } static struct page *new_page(struct page *page, unsigned long start) { return NULL; } #endif static long do_mbind(unsigned long start, unsigned long len, unsigned short mode, unsigned short mode_flags, nodemask_t *nmask, unsigned long flags) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct mempolicy *new; unsigned long end; int err; int ret; LIST_HEAD(pagelist); if (flags & ~(unsigned long)MPOL_MF_VALID) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL) && !capable(CAP_SYS_NICE)) return -EPERM; if (start & ~PAGE_MASK) return -EINVAL; if (mode == MPOL_DEFAULT) flags &= ~MPOL_MF_STRICT; len = (len + PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; end = start + len; if (end < start) return -EINVAL; if (end == start) return 0; new = mpol_new(mode, mode_flags, nmask); if (IS_ERR(new)) return PTR_ERR(new); if (flags & MPOL_MF_LAZY) new->flags |= MPOL_F_MOF; /* * If we are using the default policy then operation * on discontinuous address spaces is okay after all */ if (!new) flags |= MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK; pr_debug("mbind %lx-%lx mode:%d flags:%d nodes:%lx\n", start, start + len, mode, mode_flags, nmask ? nodes_addr(*nmask)[0] : NUMA_NO_NODE); if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL)) { err = migrate_prep(); if (err) goto mpol_out; } { NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); if (scratch) { mmap_write_lock(mm); err = mpol_set_nodemask(new, nmask, scratch); if (err) mmap_write_unlock(mm); } else err = -ENOMEM; NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); } if (err) goto mpol_out; ret = queue_pages_range(mm, start, end, nmask, flags | MPOL_MF_INVERT, &pagelist); if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto up_out; } err = mbind_range(mm, start, end, new); if (!err) { int nr_failed = 0; if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(flags & MPOL_MF_LAZY); nr_failed = migrate_pages(&pagelist, new_page, NULL, start, MIGRATE_SYNC, MR_MEMPOLICY_MBIND); if (nr_failed) putback_movable_pages(&pagelist); } if ((ret > 0) || (nr_failed && (flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT))) err = -EIO; } else { up_out: if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) putback_movable_pages(&pagelist); } mmap_write_unlock(mm); mpol_out: mpol_put(new); return err; } /* * User space interface with variable sized bitmaps for nodelists. */ /* Copy a node mask from user space. */ static int get_nodes(nodemask_t *nodes, const unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode) { unsigned long k; unsigned long t; unsigned long nlongs; unsigned long endmask; --maxnode; nodes_clear(*nodes); if (maxnode == 0 || !nmask) return 0; if (maxnode > PAGE_SIZE*BITS_PER_BYTE) return -EINVAL; nlongs = BITS_TO_LONGS(maxnode); if ((maxnode % BITS_PER_LONG) == 0) endmask = ~0UL; else endmask = (1UL << (maxnode % BITS_PER_LONG)) - 1; /* * When the user specified more nodes than supported just check * if the non supported part is all zero. * * If maxnode have more longs than MAX_NUMNODES, check * the bits in that area first. And then go through to * check the rest bits which equal or bigger than MAX_NUMNODES. * Otherwise, just check bits [MAX_NUMNODES, maxnode). */ if (nlongs > BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)) { for (k = BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES); k < nlongs; k++) { if (get_user(t, nmask + k)) return -EFAULT; if (k == nlongs - 1) { if (t & endmask) return -EINVAL; } else if (t) return -EINVAL; } nlongs = BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES); endmask = ~0UL; } if (maxnode > MAX_NUMNODES && MAX_NUMNODES % BITS_PER_LONG != 0) { unsigned long valid_mask = endmask; valid_mask &= ~((1UL << (MAX_NUMNODES % BITS_PER_LONG)) - 1); if (get_user(t, nmask + nlongs - 1)) return -EFAULT; if (t & valid_mask) return -EINVAL; } if (copy_from_user(nodes_addr(*nodes), nmask, nlongs*sizeof(unsigned long))) return -EFAULT; nodes_addr(*nodes)[nlongs-1] &= endmask; return 0; } /* Copy a kernel node mask to user space */ static int copy_nodes_to_user(unsigned long __user *mask, unsigned long maxnode, nodemask_t *nodes) { unsigned long copy = ALIGN(maxnode-1, 64) / 8; unsigned int nbytes = BITS_TO_LONGS(nr_node_ids) * sizeof(long); if (copy > nbytes) { if (copy > PAGE_SIZE) return -EINVAL; if (clear_user((char __user *)mask + nbytes, copy - nbytes)) return -EFAULT; copy = nbytes; } return copy_to_user(mask, nodes_addr(*nodes), copy) ? -EFAULT : 0; } static long kernel_mbind(unsigned long start, unsigned long len, unsigned long mode, const unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode, unsigned int flags) { nodemask_t nodes; int err; unsigned short mode_flags; start = untagged_addr(start); mode_flags = mode & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; mode &= ~MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; if (mode >= MPOL_MAX) return -EINVAL; if ((mode_flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) && (mode_flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES)) return -EINVAL; err = get_nodes(&nodes, nmask, maxnode); if (err) return err; return do_mbind(start, len, mode, mode_flags, &nodes, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mbind, unsigned long, start, unsigned long, len, unsigned long, mode, const unsigned long __user *, nmask, unsigned long, maxnode, unsigned int, flags) { return kernel_mbind(start, len, mode, nmask, maxnode, flags); } /* Set the process memory policy */ static long kernel_set_mempolicy(int mode, const unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode) { int err; nodemask_t nodes; unsigned short flags; flags = mode & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; mode &= ~MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; if ((unsigned int)mode >= MPOL_MAX) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) && (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES)) return -EINVAL; err = get_nodes(&nodes, nmask, maxnode); if (err) return err; return do_set_mempolicy(mode, flags, &nodes); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(set_mempolicy, int, mode, const unsigned long __user *, nmask, unsigned long, maxnode) { return kernel_set_mempolicy(mode, nmask, maxnode); } static int kernel_migrate_pages(pid_t pid, unsigned long maxnode, const unsigned long __user *old_nodes, const unsigned long __user *new_nodes) { struct mm_struct *mm = NULL; struct task_struct *task; nodemask_t task_nodes; int err; nodemask_t *old; nodemask_t *new; NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); if (!scratch) return -ENOMEM; old = &scratch->mask1; new = &scratch->mask2; err = get_nodes(old, old_nodes, maxnode); if (err) goto out; err = get_nodes(new, new_nodes, maxnode); if (err) goto out; /* Find the mm_struct */ rcu_read_lock(); task = pid ? find_task_by_vpid(pid) : current; if (!task) { rcu_read_unlock(); err = -ESRCH; goto out; } get_task_struct(task); err = -EINVAL; /* * Check if this process has the right to modify the specified process. * Use the regular "ptrace_may_access()" checks. */ if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_REALCREDS)) { rcu_read_unlock(); err = -EPERM; goto out_put; } rcu_read_unlock(); task_nodes = cpuset_mems_allowed(task); /* Is the user allowed to access the target nodes? */ if (!nodes_subset(*new, task_nodes) && !capable(CAP_SYS_NICE)) { err = -EPERM; goto out_put; } task_nodes = cpuset_mems_allowed(current); nodes_and(*new, *new, task_nodes); if (nodes_empty(*new)) goto out_put; err = security_task_movememory(task); if (err) goto out_put; mm = get_task_mm(task); put_task_struct(task); if (!mm) { err = -EINVAL; goto out; } err = do_migrate_pages(mm, old, new, capable(CAP_SYS_NICE) ? MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL : MPOL_MF_MOVE); mmput(mm); out: NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); return err; out_put: put_task_struct(task); goto out; } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(migrate_pages, pid_t, pid, unsigned long, maxnode, const unsigned long __user *, old_nodes, const unsigned long __user *, new_nodes) { return kernel_migrate_pages(pid, maxnode, old_nodes, new_nodes); } /* Retrieve NUMA policy */ static int kernel_get_mempolicy(int __user *policy, unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode, unsigned long addr, unsigned long flags) { int err; int pval; nodemask_t nodes; if (nmask != NULL && maxnode < nr_node_ids) return -EINVAL; addr = untagged_addr(addr); err = do_get_mempolicy(&pval, &nodes, addr, flags); if (err) return err; if (policy && put_user(pval, policy)) return -EFAULT; if (nmask) err = copy_nodes_to_user(nmask, maxnode, &nodes); return err; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(get_mempolicy, int __user *, policy, unsigned long __user *, nmask, unsigned long, maxnode, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, flags) { return kernel_get_mempolicy(policy, nmask, maxnode, addr, flags); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE5(get_mempolicy, int __user *, policy, compat_ulong_t __user *, nmask, compat_ulong_t, maxnode, compat_ulong_t, addr, compat_ulong_t, flags) { long err; unsigned long __user *nm = NULL; unsigned long nr_bits, alloc_size; DECLARE_BITMAP(bm, MAX_NUMNODES); nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode-1, nr_node_ids); alloc_size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (nmask) nm = compat_alloc_user_space(alloc_size); err = kernel_get_mempolicy(policy, nm, nr_bits+1, addr, flags); if (!err && nmask) { unsigned long copy_size; copy_size = min_t(unsigned long, sizeof(bm), alloc_size); err = copy_from_user(bm, nm, copy_size); /* ensure entire bitmap is zeroed */ err |= clear_user(nmask, ALIGN(maxnode-1, 8) / 8); err |= compat_put_bitmap(nmask, bm, nr_bits); } return err; } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE3(set_mempolicy, int, mode, compat_ulong_t __user *, nmask, compat_ulong_t, maxnode) { unsigned long __user *nm = NULL; unsigned long nr_bits, alloc_size; DECLARE_BITMAP(bm, MAX_NUMNODES); nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode-1, MAX_NUMNODES); alloc_size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (nmask) { if (compat_get_bitmap(bm, nmask, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; nm = compat_alloc_user_space(alloc_size); if (copy_to_user(nm, bm, alloc_size)) return -EFAULT; } return kernel_set_mempolicy(mode, nm, nr_bits+1); } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mbind, compat_ulong_t, start, compat_ulong_t, len, compat_ulong_t, mode, compat_ulong_t __user *, nmask, compat_ulong_t, maxnode, compat_ulong_t, flags) { unsigned long __user *nm = NULL; unsigned long nr_bits, alloc_size; nodemask_t bm; nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode-1, MAX_NUMNODES); alloc_size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (nmask) { if (compat_get_bitmap(nodes_addr(bm), nmask, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; nm = compat_alloc_user_space(alloc_size); if (copy_to_user(nm, nodes_addr(bm), alloc_size)) return -EFAULT; } return kernel_mbind(start, len, mode, nm, nr_bits+1, flags); } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(migrate_pages, compat_pid_t, pid, compat_ulong_t, maxnode, const compat_ulong_t __user *, old_nodes, const compat_ulong_t __user *, new_nodes) { unsigned long __user *old = NULL; unsigned long __user *new = NULL; nodemask_t tmp_mask; unsigned long nr_bits; unsigned long size; nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode - 1, MAX_NUMNODES); size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (old_nodes) { if (compat_get_bitmap(nodes_addr(tmp_mask), old_nodes, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; old = compat_alloc_user_space(new_nodes ? size * 2 : size); if (new_nodes) new = old + size / sizeof(unsigned long); if (copy_to_user(old, nodes_addr(tmp_mask), size)) return -EFAULT; } if (new_nodes) { if (compat_get_bitmap(nodes_addr(tmp_mask), new_nodes, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; if (new == NULL) new = compat_alloc_user_space(size); if (copy_to_user(new, nodes_addr(tmp_mask), size)) return -EFAULT; } return kernel_migrate_pages(pid, nr_bits + 1, old, new); } #endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */ bool vma_migratable(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP)) return false; /* * DAX device mappings require predictable access latency, so avoid * incurring periodic faults. */ if (vma_is_dax(vma)) return false; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) && !hugepage_migration_supported(hstate_vma(vma))) return false; /* * Migration allocates pages in the highest zone. If we cannot * do so then migration (at least from node to node) is not * possible. */ if (vma->vm_file && gfp_zone(mapping_gfp_mask(vma->vm_file->f_mapping)) < policy_zone) return false; return true; } struct mempolicy *__get_vma_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct mempolicy *pol = NULL; if (vma) { if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy) { pol = vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, addr); } else if (vma->vm_policy) { pol = vma->vm_policy; /* * shmem_alloc_page() passes MPOL_F_SHARED policy with * a pseudo vma whose vma->vm_ops=NULL. Take a reference * count on these policies which will be dropped by * mpol_cond_put() later */ if (mpol_needs_cond_ref(pol)) mpol_get(pol); } } return pol; } /* * get_vma_policy(@vma, @addr) * @vma: virtual memory area whose policy is sought * @addr: address in @vma for shared policy lookup * * Returns effective policy for a VMA at specified address. * Falls back to current->mempolicy or system default policy, as necessary. * Shared policies [those marked as MPOL_F_SHARED] require an extra reference * count--added by the get_policy() vm_op, as appropriate--to protect against * freeing by another task. It is the caller's responsibility to free the * extra reference for shared policies. */ static struct mempolicy *get_vma_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct mempolicy *pol = __get_vma_policy(vma, addr); if (!pol) pol = get_task_policy(current); return pol; } bool vma_policy_mof(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct mempolicy *pol; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy) { bool ret = false; pol = vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, vma->vm_start); if (pol && (pol->flags & MPOL_F_MOF)) ret = true; mpol_cond_put(pol); return ret; } pol = vma->vm_policy; if (!pol) pol = get_task_policy(current); return pol->flags & MPOL_F_MOF; } static int apply_policy_zone(struct mempolicy *policy, enum zone_type zone) { enum zone_type dynamic_policy_zone = policy_zone; BUG_ON(dynamic_policy_zone == ZONE_MOVABLE); /* * if policy->v.nodes has movable memory only, * we apply policy when gfp_zone(gfp) = ZONE_MOVABLE only. * * policy->v.nodes is intersect with node_states[N_MEMORY]. * so if the following test faile, it implies * policy->v.nodes has movable memory only. */ if (!nodes_intersects(policy->v.nodes, node_states[N_HIGH_MEMORY])) dynamic_policy_zone = ZONE_MOVABLE; return zone >= dynamic_policy_zone; } /* * Return a nodemask representing a mempolicy for filtering nodes for * page allocation */ nodemask_t *policy_nodemask(gfp_t gfp, struct mempolicy *policy) { /* Lower zones don't get a nodemask applied for MPOL_BIND */ if (unlikely(policy->mode == MPOL_BIND) && apply_policy_zone(policy, gfp_zone(gfp)) && cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(&policy->v.nodes)) return &policy->v.nodes; return NULL; } /* Return the node id preferred by the given mempolicy, or the given id */ static int policy_node(gfp_t gfp, struct mempolicy *policy, int nd) { if (policy->mode == MPOL_PREFERRED && !(policy->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) nd = policy->v.preferred_node; else { /* * __GFP_THISNODE shouldn't even be used with the bind policy * because we might easily break the expectation to stay on the * requested node and not break the policy. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(policy->mode == MPOL_BIND && (gfp & __GFP_THISNODE)); } return nd; } /* Do dynamic interleaving for a process */ static unsigned interleave_nodes(struct mempolicy *policy) { unsigned next; struct task_struct *me = current; next = next_node_in(me->il_prev, policy->v.nodes); if (next < MAX_NUMNODES) me->il_prev = next; return next; } /* * Depending on the memory policy provide a node from which to allocate the * next slab entry. */ unsigned int mempolicy_slab_node(void) { struct mempolicy *policy; int node = numa_mem_id(); if (in_interrupt()) return node; policy = current->mempolicy; if (!policy || policy->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) return node; switch (policy->mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* * handled MPOL_F_LOCAL above */ return policy->v.preferred_node; case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: return interleave_nodes(policy); case MPOL_BIND: { struct zoneref *z; /* * Follow bind policy behavior and start allocation at the * first node. */ struct zonelist *zonelist; enum zone_type highest_zoneidx = gfp_zone(GFP_KERNEL); zonelist = &NODE_DATA(node)->node_zonelists[ZONELIST_FALLBACK]; z = first_zones_zonelist(zonelist, highest_zoneidx, &policy->v.nodes); return z->zone ? zone_to_nid(z->zone) : node; } default: BUG(); } } /* * Do static interleaving for a VMA with known offset @n. Returns the n'th * node in pol->v.nodes (starting from n=0), wrapping around if n exceeds the * number of present nodes. */ static unsigned offset_il_node(struct mempolicy *pol, unsigned long n) { unsigned nnodes = nodes_weight(pol->v.nodes); unsigned target; int i; int nid; if (!nnodes) return numa_node_id(); target = (unsigned int)n % nnodes; nid = first_node(pol->v.nodes); for (i = 0; i < target; i++) nid = next_node(nid, pol->v.nodes); return nid; } /* Determine a node number for interleave */ static inline unsigned interleave_nid(struct mempolicy *pol, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int shift) { if (vma) { unsigned long off; /* * for small pages, there is no difference between * shift and PAGE_SHIFT, so the bit-shift is safe. * for huge pages, since vm_pgoff is in units of small * pages, we need to shift off the always 0 bits to get * a useful offset. */ BUG_ON(shift < PAGE_SHIFT); off = vma->vm_pgoff >> (shift - PAGE_SHIFT); off += (addr - vma->vm_start) >> shift; return offset_il_node(pol, off); } else return interleave_nodes(pol); } #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLBFS /* * huge_node(@vma, @addr, @gfp_flags, @mpol) * @vma: virtual memory area whose policy is sought * @addr: address in @vma for shared policy lookup and interleave policy * @gfp_flags: for requested zone * @mpol: pointer to mempolicy pointer for reference counted mempolicy * @nodemask: pointer to nodemask pointer for MPOL_BIND nodemask * * Returns a nid suitable for a huge page allocation and a pointer * to the struct mempolicy for conditional unref after allocation. * If the effective policy is 'BIND, returns a pointer to the mempolicy's * @nodemask for filtering the zonelist. * * Must be protected by read_mems_allowed_begin() */ int huge_node(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct mempolicy **mpol, nodemask_t **nodemask) { int nid; *mpol = get_vma_policy(vma, addr); *nodemask = NULL; /* assume !MPOL_BIND */ if (unlikely((*mpol)->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE)) { nid = interleave_nid(*mpol, vma, addr, huge_page_shift(hstate_vma(vma))); } else { nid = policy_node(gfp_flags, *mpol, numa_node_id()); if ((*mpol)->mode == MPOL_BIND) *nodemask = &(*mpol)->v.nodes; } return nid; } /* * init_nodemask_of_mempolicy * * If the current task's mempolicy is "default" [NULL], return 'false' * to indicate default policy. Otherwise, extract the policy nodemask * for 'bind' or 'interleave' policy into the argument nodemask, or * initialize the argument nodemask to contain the single node for * 'preferred' or 'local' policy and return 'true' to indicate presence * of non-default mempolicy. * * We don't bother with reference counting the mempolicy [mpol_get/put] * because the current task is examining it's own mempolicy and a task's * mempolicy is only ever changed by the task itself. * * N.B., it is the caller's responsibility to free a returned nodemask. */ bool init_nodemask_of_mempolicy(nodemask_t *mask) { struct mempolicy *mempolicy; int nid; if (!(mask && current->mempolicy)) return false; task_lock(current); mempolicy = current->mempolicy; switch (mempolicy->mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (mempolicy->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) nid = numa_node_id(); else nid = mempolicy->v.preferred_node; init_nodemask_of_node(mask, nid); break; case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: *mask = mempolicy->v.nodes; break; default: BUG(); } task_unlock(current); return true; } #endif /* * mempolicy_nodemask_intersects * * If tsk's mempolicy is "default" [NULL], return 'true' to indicate default * policy. Otherwise, check for intersection between mask and the policy * nodemask for 'bind' or 'interleave' policy. For 'perferred' or 'local' * policy, always return true since it may allocate elsewhere on fallback. * * Takes task_lock(tsk) to prevent freeing of its mempolicy. */ bool mempolicy_nodemask_intersects(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *mask) { struct mempolicy *mempolicy; bool ret = true; if (!mask) return ret; task_lock(tsk); mempolicy = tsk->mempolicy; if (!mempolicy) goto out; switch (mempolicy->mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* * MPOL_PREFERRED and MPOL_F_LOCAL are only preferred nodes to * allocate from, they may fallback to other nodes when oom. * Thus, it's possible for tsk to have allocated memory from * nodes in mask. */ break; case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: ret = nodes_intersects(mempolicy->v.nodes, *mask); break; default: BUG(); } out: task_unlock(tsk); return ret; } /* Allocate a page in interleaved policy. Own path because it needs to do special accounting. */ static struct page *alloc_page_interleave(gfp_t gfp, unsigned order, unsigned nid) { struct page *page; page = __alloc_pages(gfp, order, nid); /* skip NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT counter update if numa stats is disabled */ if (!static_branch_likely(&vm_numa_stat_key)) return page; if (page && page_to_nid(page) == nid) { preempt_disable(); __inc_numa_state(page_zone(page), NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT); preempt_enable(); } return page; } /** * alloc_pages_vma - Allocate a page for a VMA. * * @gfp: * %GFP_USER user allocation. * %GFP_KERNEL kernel allocations, * %GFP_HIGHMEM highmem/user allocations, * %GFP_FS allocation should not call back into a file system. * %GFP_ATOMIC don't sleep. * * @order:Order of the GFP allocation. * @vma: Pointer to VMA or NULL if not available. * @addr: Virtual Address of the allocation. Must be inside the VMA. * @node: Which node to prefer for allocation (modulo policy). * @hugepage: for hugepages try only the preferred node if possible * * This function allocates a page from the kernel page pool and applies * a NUMA policy associated with the VMA or the current process. * When VMA is not NULL caller must read-lock the mmap_lock of the * mm_struct of the VMA to prevent it from going away. Should be used for * all allocations for pages that will be mapped into user space. Returns * NULL when no page can be allocated. */ struct page * alloc_pages_vma(gfp_t gfp, int order, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int node, bool hugepage) { struct mempolicy *pol; struct page *page; int preferred_nid; nodemask_t *nmask; pol = get_vma_policy(vma, addr); if (pol->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) { unsigned nid; nid = interleave_nid(pol, vma, addr, PAGE_SHIFT + order); mpol_cond_put(pol); page = alloc_page_interleave(gfp, order, nid); goto out; } if (unlikely(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && hugepage)) { int hpage_node = node; /* * For hugepage allocation and non-interleave policy which * allows the current node (or other explicitly preferred * node) we only try to allocate from the current/preferred * node and don't fall back to other nodes, as the cost of * remote accesses would likely offset THP benefits. * * If the policy is interleave, or does not allow the current * node in its nodemask, we allocate the standard way. */ if (pol->mode == MPOL_PREFERRED && !(pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) hpage_node = pol->v.preferred_node; nmask = policy_nodemask(gfp, pol); if (!nmask || node_isset(hpage_node, *nmask)) { mpol_cond_put(pol); /* * First, try to allocate THP only on local node, but * don't reclaim unnecessarily, just compact. */ page = __alloc_pages_node(hpage_node, gfp | __GFP_THISNODE | __GFP_NORETRY, order); /* * If hugepage allocations are configured to always * synchronous compact or the vma has been madvised * to prefer hugepage backing, retry allowing remote * memory with both reclaim and compact as well. */ if (!page && (gfp & __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM)) page = __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp, order, hpage_node, nmask); goto out; } } nmask = policy_nodemask(gfp, pol); preferred_nid = policy_node(gfp, pol, node); page = __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp, order, preferred_nid, nmask); mpol_cond_put(pol); out: return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_pages_vma); /** * alloc_pages_current - Allocate pages. * * @gfp: * %GFP_USER user allocation, * %GFP_KERNEL kernel allocation, * %GFP_HIGHMEM highmem allocation, * %GFP_FS don't call back into a file system. * %GFP_ATOMIC don't sleep. * @order: Power of two of allocation size in pages. 0 is a single page. * * Allocate a page from the kernel page pool. When not in * interrupt context and apply the current process NUMA policy. * Returns NULL when no page can be allocated. */ struct page *alloc_pages_current(gfp_t gfp, unsigned order) { struct mempolicy *pol = &default_policy; struct page *page; if (!in_interrupt() && !(gfp & __GFP_THISNODE)) pol = get_task_policy(current); /* * No reference counting needed for current->mempolicy * nor system default_policy */ if (pol->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) page = alloc_page_interleave(gfp, order, interleave_nodes(pol)); else page = __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp, order, policy_node(gfp, pol, numa_node_id()), policy_nodemask(gfp, pol)); return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_pages_current); int vma_dup_policy(struct vm_area_struct *src, struct vm_area_struct *dst) { struct mempolicy *pol = mpol_dup(vma_policy(src)); if (IS_ERR(pol)) return PTR_ERR(pol); dst->vm_policy = pol; return 0; } /* * If mpol_dup() sees current->cpuset == cpuset_being_rebound, then it * rebinds the mempolicy its copying by calling mpol_rebind_policy() * with the mems_allowed returned by cpuset_mems_allowed(). This * keeps mempolicies cpuset relative after its cpuset moves. See * further kernel/cpuset.c update_nodemask(). * * current's mempolicy may be rebinded by the other task(the task that changes * cpuset's mems), so we needn't do rebind work for current task. */ /* Slow path of a mempolicy duplicate */ struct mempolicy *__mpol_dup(struct mempolicy *old) { struct mempolicy *new = kmem_cache_alloc(policy_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!new) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* task's mempolicy is protected by alloc_lock */ if (old == current->mempolicy) { task_lock(current); *new = *old; task_unlock(current); } else *new = *old; if (current_cpuset_is_being_rebound()) { nodemask_t mems = cpuset_mems_allowed(current); mpol_rebind_policy(new, &mems); } atomic_set(&new->refcnt, 1); return new; } /* Slow path of a mempolicy comparison */ bool __mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b) { if (!a || !b) return false; if (a->mode != b->mode) return false; if (a->flags != b->flags) return false; if (mpol_store_user_nodemask(a)) if (!nodes_equal(a->w.user_nodemask, b->w.user_nodemask)) return false; switch (a->mode) { case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: return !!nodes_equal(a->v.nodes, b->v.nodes); case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* a's ->flags is the same as b's */ if (a->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) return true; return a->v.preferred_node == b->v.preferred_node; default: BUG(); return false; } } /* * Shared memory backing store policy support. * * Remember policies even when nobody has shared memory mapped. * The policies are kept in Red-Black tree linked from the inode. * They are protected by the sp->lock rwlock, which should be held * for any accesses to the tree. */ /* * lookup first element intersecting start-end. Caller holds sp->lock for * reading or for writing */ static struct sp_node * sp_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { struct rb_node *n = sp->root.rb_node; while (n) { struct sp_node *p = rb_entry(n, struct sp_node, nd); if (start >= p->end) n = n->rb_right; else if (end <= p->start) n = n->rb_left; else break; } if (!n) return NULL; for (;;) { struct sp_node *w = NULL; struct rb_node *prev = rb_prev(n); if (!prev) break; w = rb_entry(prev, struct sp_node, nd); if (w->end <= start) break; n = prev; } return rb_entry(n, struct sp_node, nd); } /* * Insert a new shared policy into the list. Caller holds sp->lock for * writing. */ static void sp_insert(struct shared_policy *sp, struct sp_node *new) { struct rb_node **p = &sp->root.rb_node; struct rb_node *parent = NULL; struct sp_node *nd; while (*p) { parent = *p; nd = rb_entry(parent, struct sp_node, nd); if (new->start < nd->start) p = &(*p)->rb_left; else if (new->end > nd->end) p = &(*p)->rb_right; else BUG(); } rb_link_node(&new->nd, parent, p); rb_insert_color(&new->nd, &sp->root); pr_debug("inserting %lx-%lx: %d\n", new->start, new->end, new->policy ? new->policy->mode : 0); } /* Find shared policy intersecting idx */ struct mempolicy * mpol_shared_policy_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long idx) { struct mempolicy *pol = NULL; struct sp_node *sn; if (!sp->root.rb_node) return NULL; read_lock(&sp->lock); sn = sp_lookup(sp, idx, idx+1); if (sn) { mpol_get(sn->policy); pol = sn->policy; } read_unlock(&sp->lock); return pol; } static void sp_free(struct sp_node *n) { mpol_put(n->policy); kmem_cache_free(sn_cache, n); } /** * mpol_misplaced - check whether current page node is valid in policy * * @page: page to be checked * @vma: vm area where page mapped * @addr: virtual address where page mapped * * Lookup current policy node id for vma,addr and "compare to" page's * node id. * * Returns: * -1 - not misplaced, page is in the right node * node - node id where the page should be * * Policy determination "mimics" alloc_page_vma(). * Called from fault path where we know the vma and faulting address. */ int mpol_misplaced(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct mempolicy *pol; struct zoneref *z; int curnid = page_to_nid(page); unsigned long pgoff; int thiscpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); int thisnid = cpu_to_node(thiscpu); int polnid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int ret = -1; pol = get_vma_policy(vma, addr); if (!(pol->flags & MPOL_F_MOF)) goto out; switch (pol->mode) { case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: pgoff = vma->vm_pgoff; pgoff += (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; polnid = offset_il_node(pol, pgoff); break; case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) polnid = numa_node_id(); else polnid = pol->v.preferred_node; break; case MPOL_BIND: /* * allows binding to multiple nodes. * use current page if in policy nodemask, * else select nearest allowed node, if any. * If no allowed nodes, use current [!misplaced]. */ if (node_isset(curnid, pol->v.nodes)) goto out; z = first_zones_zonelist( node_zonelist(numa_node_id(), GFP_HIGHUSER), gfp_zone(GFP_HIGHUSER), &pol->v.nodes); polnid = zone_to_nid(z->zone); break; default: BUG(); } /* Migrate the page towards the node whose CPU is referencing it */ if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_MORON) { polnid = thisnid; if (!should_numa_migrate_memory(current, page, curnid, thiscpu)) goto out; } if (curnid != polnid) ret = polnid; out: mpol_cond_put(pol); return ret; } /* * Drop the (possibly final) reference to task->mempolicy. It needs to be * dropped after task->mempolicy is set to NULL so that any allocation done as * part of its kmem_cache_free(), such as by KASAN, doesn't reference a freed * policy. */ void mpol_put_task_policy(struct task_struct *task) { struct mempolicy *pol; task_lock(task); pol = task->mempolicy; task->mempolicy = NULL; task_unlock(task); mpol_put(pol); } static void sp_delete(struct shared_policy *sp, struct sp_node *n) { pr_debug("deleting %lx-l%lx\n", n->start, n->end); rb_erase(&n->nd, &sp->root); sp_free(n); } static void sp_node_init(struct sp_node *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mempolicy *pol) { node->start = start; node->end = end; node->policy = pol; } static struct sp_node *sp_alloc(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mempolicy *pol) { struct sp_node *n; struct mempolicy *newpol; n = kmem_cache_alloc(sn_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!n) return NULL; newpol = mpol_dup(pol); if (IS_ERR(newpol)) { kmem_cache_free(sn_cache, n); return NULL; } newpol->flags |= MPOL_F_SHARED; sp_node_init(n, start, end, newpol); return n; } /* Replace a policy range. */ static int shared_policy_replace(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct sp_node *new) { struct sp_node *n; struct sp_node *n_new = NULL; struct mempolicy *mpol_new = NULL; int ret = 0; restart: write_lock(&sp->lock); n = sp_lookup(sp, start, end); /* Take care of old policies in the same range. */ while (n && n->start < end) { struct rb_node *next = rb_next(&n->nd); if (n->start >= start) { if (n->end <= end) sp_delete(sp, n); else n->start = end; } else { /* Old policy spanning whole new range. */ if (n->end > end) { if (!n_new) goto alloc_new; *mpol_new = *n->policy; atomic_set(&mpol_new->refcnt, 1); sp_node_init(n_new, end, n->end, mpol_new); n->end = start; sp_insert(sp, n_new); n_new = NULL; mpol_new = NULL; break; } else n->end = start; } if (!next) break; n = rb_entry(next, struct sp_node, nd); } if (new) sp_insert(sp, new); write_unlock(&sp->lock); ret = 0; err_out: if (mpol_new) mpol_put(mpol_new); if (n_new) kmem_cache_free(sn_cache, n_new); return ret; alloc_new: write_unlock(&sp->lock); ret = -ENOMEM; n_new = kmem_cache_alloc(sn_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!n_new) goto err_out; mpol_new = kmem_cache_alloc(policy_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!mpol_new) goto err_out; goto restart; } /** * mpol_shared_policy_init - initialize shared policy for inode * @sp: pointer to inode shared policy * @mpol: struct mempolicy to install * * Install non-NULL @mpol in inode's shared policy rb-tree. * On entry, the current task has a reference on a non-NULL @mpol. * This must be released on exit. * This is called at get_inode() calls and we can use GFP_KERNEL. */ void mpol_shared_policy_init(struct shared_policy *sp, struct mempolicy *mpol) { int ret; sp->root = RB_ROOT; /* empty tree == default mempolicy */ rwlock_init(&sp->lock); if (mpol) { struct vm_area_struct pvma; struct mempolicy *new; NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); if (!scratch) goto put_mpol; /* contextualize the tmpfs mount point mempolicy */ new = mpol_new(mpol->mode, mpol->flags, &mpol->w.user_nodemask); if (IS_ERR(new)) goto free_scratch; /* no valid nodemask intersection */ task_lock(current); ret = mpol_set_nodemask(new, &mpol->w.user_nodemask, scratch); task_unlock(current); if (ret) goto put_new; /* Create pseudo-vma that contains just the policy */ vma_init(&pvma, NULL); pvma.vm_end = TASK_SIZE; /* policy covers entire file */ mpol_set_shared_policy(sp, &pvma, new); /* adds ref */ put_new: mpol_put(new); /* drop initial ref */ free_scratch: NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); put_mpol: mpol_put(mpol); /* drop our incoming ref on sb mpol */ } } int mpol_set_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *info, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *npol) { int err; struct sp_node *new = NULL; unsigned long sz = vma_pages(vma); pr_debug("set_shared_policy %lx sz %lu %d %d %lx\n", vma->vm_pgoff, sz, npol ? npol->mode : -1, npol ? npol->flags : -1, npol ? nodes_addr(npol->v.nodes)[0] : NUMA_NO_NODE); if (npol) { new = sp_alloc(vma->vm_pgoff, vma->vm_pgoff + sz, npol); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; } err = shared_policy_replace(info, vma->vm_pgoff, vma->vm_pgoff+sz, new); if (err && new) sp_free(new); return err; } /* Free a backing policy store on inode delete. */ void mpol_free_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *p) { struct sp_node *n; struct rb_node *next; if (!p->root.rb_node) return; write_lock(&p->lock); next = rb_first(&p->root); while (next) { n = rb_entry(next, struct sp_node, nd); next = rb_next(&n->nd); sp_delete(p, n); } write_unlock(&p->lock); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING static int __initdata numabalancing_override; static void __init check_numabalancing_enable(void) { bool numabalancing_default = false; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING_DEFAULT_ENABLED)) numabalancing_default = true; /* Parsed by setup_numabalancing. override == 1 enables, -1 disables */ if (numabalancing_override) set_numabalancing_state(numabalancing_override == 1); if (num_online_nodes() > 1 && !numabalancing_override) { pr_info("%s automatic NUMA balancing. Configure with numa_balancing= or the kernel.numa_balancing sysctl\n", numabalancing_default ? "Enabling" : "Disabling"); set_numabalancing_state(numabalancing_default); } } static int __init setup_numabalancing(char *str) { int ret = 0; if (!str) goto out; if (!strcmp(str, "enable")) { numabalancing_override = 1; ret = 1; } else if (!strcmp(str, "disable")) { numabalancing_override = -1; ret = 1; } out: if (!ret) pr_warn("Unable to parse numa_balancing=\n"); return ret; } __setup("numa_balancing=", setup_numabalancing); #else static inline void __init check_numabalancing_enable(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ /* assumes fs == KERNEL_DS */ void __init numa_policy_init(void) { nodemask_t interleave_nodes; unsigned long largest = 0; int nid, prefer = 0; policy_cache = kmem_cache_create("numa_policy", sizeof(struct mempolicy), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); sn_cache = kmem_cache_create("shared_policy_node", sizeof(struct sp_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); for_each_node(nid) { preferred_node_policy[nid] = (struct mempolicy) { .refcnt = ATOMIC_INIT(1), .mode = MPOL_PREFERRED, .flags = MPOL_F_MOF | MPOL_F_MORON, .v = { .preferred_node = nid, }, }; } /* * Set interleaving policy for system init. Interleaving is only * enabled across suitably sized nodes (default is >= 16MB), or * fall back to the largest node if they're all smaller. */ nodes_clear(interleave_nodes); for_each_node_state(nid, N_MEMORY) { unsigned long total_pages = node_present_pages(nid); /* Preserve the largest node */ if (largest < total_pages) { largest = total_pages; prefer = nid; } /* Interleave this node? */ if ((total_pages << PAGE_SHIFT) >= (16 << 20)) node_set(nid, interleave_nodes); } /* All too small, use the largest */ if (unlikely(nodes_empty(interleave_nodes))) node_set(prefer, interleave_nodes); if (do_set_mempolicy(MPOL_INTERLEAVE, 0, &interleave_nodes)) pr_err("%s: interleaving failed\n", __func__); check_numabalancing_enable(); } /* Reset policy of current process to default */ void numa_default_policy(void) { do_set_mempolicy(MPOL_DEFAULT, 0, NULL); } /* * Parse and format mempolicy from/to strings */ /* * "local" is implemented internally by MPOL_PREFERRED with MPOL_F_LOCAL flag. */ static const char * const policy_modes[] = { [MPOL_DEFAULT] = "default", [MPOL_PREFERRED] = "prefer", [MPOL_BIND] = "bind", [MPOL_INTERLEAVE] = "interleave", [MPOL_LOCAL] = "local", }; #ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS /** * mpol_parse_str - parse string to mempolicy, for tmpfs mpol mount option. * @str: string containing mempolicy to parse * @mpol: pointer to struct mempolicy pointer, returned on success. * * Format of input: * <mode>[=<flags>][:<nodelist>] * * On success, returns 0, else 1 */ int mpol_parse_str(char *str, struct mempolicy **mpol) { struct mempolicy *new = NULL; unsigned short mode_flags; nodemask_t nodes; char *nodelist = strchr(str, ':'); char *flags = strchr(str, '='); int err = 1, mode; if (flags) *flags++ = '\0'; /* terminate mode string */ if (nodelist) { /* NUL-terminate mode or flags string */ *nodelist++ = '\0'; if (nodelist_parse(nodelist, nodes)) goto out; if (!nodes_subset(nodes, node_states[N_MEMORY])) goto out; } else nodes_clear(nodes); mode = match_string(policy_modes, MPOL_MAX, str); if (mode < 0) goto out; switch (mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* * Insist on a nodelist of one node only, although later * we use first_node(nodes) to grab a single node, so here * nodelist (or nodes) cannot be empty. */ if (nodelist) { char *rest = nodelist; while (isdigit(*rest)) rest++; if (*rest) goto out; if (nodes_empty(nodes)) goto out; } break; case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: /* * Default to online nodes with memory if no nodelist */ if (!nodelist) nodes = node_states[N_MEMORY]; break; case MPOL_LOCAL: /* * Don't allow a nodelist; mpol_new() checks flags */ if (nodelist) goto out; mode = MPOL_PREFERRED; break; case MPOL_DEFAULT: /* * Insist on a empty nodelist */ if (!nodelist) err = 0; goto out; case MPOL_BIND: /* * Insist on a nodelist */ if (!nodelist) goto out; } mode_flags = 0; if (flags) { /* * Currently, we only support two mutually exclusive * mode flags. */ if (!strcmp(flags, "static")) mode_flags |= MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES; else if (!strcmp(flags, "relative")) mode_flags |= MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES; else goto out; } new = mpol_new(mode, mode_flags, &nodes); if (IS_ERR(new)) goto out; /* * Save nodes for mpol_to_str() to show the tmpfs mount options * for /proc/mounts, /proc/pid/mounts and /proc/pid/mountinfo. */ if (mode != MPOL_PREFERRED) new->v.nodes = nodes; else if (nodelist) new->v.preferred_node = first_node(nodes); else new->flags |= MPOL_F_LOCAL; /* * Save nodes for contextualization: this will be used to "clone" * the mempolicy in a specific context [cpuset] at a later time. */ new->w.user_nodemask = nodes; err = 0; out: /* Restore string for error message */ if (nodelist) *--nodelist = ':'; if (flags) *--flags = '='; if (!err) *mpol = new; return err; } #endif /* CONFIG_TMPFS */ /** * mpol_to_str - format a mempolicy structure for printing * @buffer: to contain formatted mempolicy string * @maxlen: length of @buffer * @pol: pointer to mempolicy to be formatted * * Convert @pol into a string. If @buffer is too short, truncate the string. * Recommend a @maxlen of at least 32 for the longest mode, "interleave", the * longest flag, "relative", and to display at least a few node ids. */ void mpol_to_str(char *buffer, int maxlen, struct mempolicy *pol) { char *p = buffer; nodemask_t nodes = NODE_MASK_NONE; unsigned short mode = MPOL_DEFAULT; unsigned short flags = 0; if (pol && pol != &default_policy && !(pol->flags & MPOL_F_MORON)) { mode = pol->mode; flags = pol->flags; } switch (mode) { case MPOL_DEFAULT: break; case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) mode = MPOL_LOCAL; else node_set(pol->v.preferred_node, nodes); break; case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: nodes = pol->v.nodes; break; default: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); snprintf(p, maxlen, "unknown"); return; } p += snprintf(p, maxlen, "%s", policy_modes[mode]); if (flags & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS) { p += snprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, "="); /* * Currently, the only defined flags are mutually exclusive */ if (flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) p += snprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, "static"); else if (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) p += snprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, "relative"); } if (!nodes_empty(nodes)) p += scnprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, ":%*pbl", nodemask_pr_args(&nodes)); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * kobject.h - generic kernel object infrastructure. * * Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Open Source Development Labs * Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com> * Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Novell Inc. * * Please read Documentation/core-api/kobject.rst before using the kobject * interface, ESPECIALLY the parts about reference counts and object * destructors. */ #ifndef _KOBJECT_H_ #define _KOBJECT_H_ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sysfs.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/kobject_ns.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #define UEVENT_HELPER_PATH_LEN 256 #define UEVENT_NUM_ENVP 64 /* number of env pointers */ #define UEVENT_BUFFER_SIZE 2048 /* buffer for the variables */ #ifdef CONFIG_UEVENT_HELPER /* path to the userspace helper executed on an event */ extern char uevent_helper[]; #endif /* counter to tag the uevent, read only except for the kobject core */ extern u64 uevent_seqnum; /* * The actions here must match the index to the string array * in lib/kobject_uevent.c * * Do not add new actions here without checking with the driver-core * maintainers. Action strings are not meant to express subsystem * or device specific properties. In most cases you want to send a * kobject_uevent_env(kobj, KOBJ_CHANGE, env) with additional event * specific variables added to the event environment. */ enum kobject_action { KOBJ_ADD, KOBJ_REMOVE, KOBJ_CHANGE, KOBJ_MOVE, KOBJ_ONLINE, KOBJ_OFFLINE, KOBJ_BIND, KOBJ_UNBIND, }; struct kobject { const char *name; struct list_head entry; struct kobject *parent; struct kset *kset; struct kobj_type *ktype; struct kernfs_node *sd; /* sysfs directory entry */ struct kref kref; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_KOBJECT_RELEASE struct delayed_work release; #endif unsigned int state_initialized:1; unsigned int state_in_sysfs:1; unsigned int state_add_uevent_sent:1; unsigned int state_remove_uevent_sent:1; unsigned int uevent_suppress:1; }; extern __printf(2, 3) int kobject_set_name(struct kobject *kobj, const char *name, ...); extern __printf(2, 0) int kobject_set_name_vargs(struct kobject *kobj, const char *fmt, va_list vargs); static inline const char *kobject_name(const struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj->name; } extern void kobject_init(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_type *ktype); extern __printf(3, 4) __must_check int kobject_add(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) __must_check int kobject_init_and_add(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_type *ktype, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, ...); extern void kobject_del(struct kobject *kobj); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_create(void); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_create_and_add(const char *name, struct kobject *parent); extern int __must_check kobject_rename(struct kobject *, const char *new_name); extern int __must_check kobject_move(struct kobject *, struct kobject *); extern struct kobject *kobject_get(struct kobject *kobj); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_get_unless_zero( struct kobject *kobj); extern void kobject_put(struct kobject *kobj); extern const void *kobject_namespace(struct kobject *kobj); extern void kobject_get_ownership(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); extern char *kobject_get_path(struct kobject *kobj, gfp_t flag); /** * kobject_has_children - Returns whether a kobject has children. * @kobj: the object to test * * This will return whether a kobject has other kobjects as children. * * It does NOT account for the presence of attribute files, only sub * directories. It also assumes there is no concurrent addition or * removal of such children, and thus relies on external locking. */ static inline bool kobject_has_children(struct kobject *kobj) { WARN_ON_ONCE(kref_read(&kobj->kref) == 0); return kobj->sd && kobj->sd->dir.subdirs; } struct kobj_type { void (*release)(struct kobject *kobj); const struct sysfs_ops *sysfs_ops; struct attribute **default_attrs; /* use default_groups instead */ const struct attribute_group **default_groups; const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *(*child_ns_type)(struct kobject *kobj); const void *(*namespace)(struct kobject *kobj); void (*get_ownership)(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); }; struct kobj_uevent_env { char *argv[3]; char *envp[UEVENT_NUM_ENVP]; int envp_idx; char buf[UEVENT_BUFFER_SIZE]; int buflen; }; struct kset_uevent_ops { int (* const filter)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj); const char *(* const name)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj); int (* const uevent)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_uevent_env *env); }; struct kobj_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t (*store)(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); }; extern const struct sysfs_ops kobj_sysfs_ops; struct sock; /** * struct kset - a set of kobjects of a specific type, belonging to a specific subsystem. * * A kset defines a group of kobjects. They can be individually * different "types" but overall these kobjects all want to be grouped * together and operated on in the same manner. ksets are used to * define the attribute callbacks and other common events that happen to * a kobject. * * @list: the list of all kobjects for this kset * @list_lock: a lock for iterating over the kobjects * @kobj: the embedded kobject for this kset (recursion, isn't it fun...) * @uevent_ops: the set of uevent operations for this kset. These are * called whenever a kobject has something happen to it so that the kset * can add new environment variables, or filter out the uevents if so * desired. */ struct kset { struct list_head list; spinlock_t list_lock; struct kobject kobj; const struct kset_uevent_ops *uevent_ops; } __randomize_layout; extern void kset_init(struct kset *kset); extern int __must_check kset_register(struct kset *kset); extern void kset_unregister(struct kset *kset); extern struct kset * __must_check kset_create_and_add(const char *name, const struct kset_uevent_ops *u, struct kobject *parent_kobj); static inline struct kset *to_kset(struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj ? container_of(kobj, struct kset, kobj) : NULL; } static inline struct kset *kset_get(struct kset *k) { return k ? to_kset(kobject_get(&k->kobj)) : NULL; } static inline void kset_put(struct kset *k) { kobject_put(&k->kobj); } static inline struct kobj_type *get_ktype(struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj->ktype; } extern struct kobject *kset_find_obj(struct kset *, const char *); /* The global /sys/kernel/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *kernel_kobj; /* The global /sys/kernel/mm/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *mm_kobj; /* The global /sys/hypervisor/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *hypervisor_kobj; /* The global /sys/power/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *power_kobj; /* The global /sys/firmware/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *firmware_kobj; int kobject_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action); int kobject_uevent_env(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action, char *envp[]); int kobject_synth_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, const char *buf, size_t count); __printf(2, 3) int add_uevent_var(struct kobj_uevent_env *env, const char *format, ...); #endif /* _KOBJECT_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_PREEMPT_H #define __LINUX_PREEMPT_H /* * include/linux/preempt.h - macros for accessing and manipulating * preempt_count (used for kernel preemption, interrupt count, etc.) */ #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/list.h> /* * We put the hardirq and softirq counter into the preemption * counter. The bitmask has the following meaning: * * - bits 0-7 are the preemption count (max preemption depth: 256) * - bits 8-15 are the softirq count (max # of softirqs: 256) * * The hardirq count could in theory be the same as the number of * interrupts in the system, but we run all interrupt handlers with * interrupts disabled, so we cannot have nesting interrupts. Though * there are a few palaeontologic drivers which reenable interrupts in * the handler, so we need more than one bit here. * * PREEMPT_MASK: 0x000000ff * SOFTIRQ_MASK: 0x0000ff00 * HARDIRQ_MASK: 0x000f0000 * NMI_MASK: 0x00f00000 * PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED: 0x80000000 */ #define PREEMPT_BITS 8 #define SOFTIRQ_BITS 8 #define HARDIRQ_BITS 4 #define NMI_BITS 4 #define PREEMPT_SHIFT 0 #define SOFTIRQ_SHIFT (PREEMPT_SHIFT + PREEMPT_BITS) #define HARDIRQ_SHIFT (SOFTIRQ_SHIFT + SOFTIRQ_BITS) #define NMI_SHIFT (HARDIRQ_SHIFT + HARDIRQ_BITS) #define __IRQ_MASK(x) ((1UL << (x))-1) #define PREEMPT_MASK (__IRQ_MASK(PREEMPT_BITS) << PREEMPT_SHIFT) #define SOFTIRQ_MASK (__IRQ_MASK(SOFTIRQ_BITS) << SOFTIRQ_SHIFT) #define HARDIRQ_MASK (__IRQ_MASK(HARDIRQ_BITS) << HARDIRQ_SHIFT) #define NMI_MASK (__IRQ_MASK(NMI_BITS) << NMI_SHIFT) #define PREEMPT_OFFSET (1UL << PREEMPT_SHIFT) #define SOFTIRQ_OFFSET (1UL << SOFTIRQ_SHIFT) #define HARDIRQ_OFFSET (1UL << HARDIRQ_SHIFT) #define NMI_OFFSET (1UL << NMI_SHIFT) #define SOFTIRQ_DISABLE_OFFSET (2 * SOFTIRQ_OFFSET) #define PREEMPT_DISABLED (PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET + PREEMPT_ENABLED) /* * Disable preemption until the scheduler is running -- use an unconditional * value so that it also works on !PREEMPT_COUNT kernels. * * Reset by start_kernel()->sched_init()->init_idle()->init_idle_preempt_count(). */ #define INIT_PREEMPT_COUNT PREEMPT_OFFSET /* * Initial preempt_count value; reflects the preempt_count schedule invariant * which states that during context switches: * * preempt_count() == 2*PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET * * Note: PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET is 0 for !PREEMPT_COUNT kernels. * Note: See finish_task_switch(). */ #define FORK_PREEMPT_COUNT (2*PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET + PREEMPT_ENABLED) /* preempt_count() and related functions, depends on PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED */ #include <asm/preempt.h> #define hardirq_count() (preempt_count() & HARDIRQ_MASK) #define softirq_count() (preempt_count() & SOFTIRQ_MASK) #define irq_count() (preempt_count() & (HARDIRQ_MASK | SOFTIRQ_MASK \ | NMI_MASK)) /* * Are we doing bottom half or hardware interrupt processing? * * in_irq() - We're in (hard) IRQ context * in_softirq() - We have BH disabled, or are processing softirqs * in_interrupt() - We're in NMI,IRQ,SoftIRQ context or have BH disabled * in_serving_softirq() - We're in softirq context * in_nmi() - We're in NMI context * in_task() - We're in task context * * Note: due to the BH disabled confusion: in_softirq(),in_interrupt() really * should not be used in new code. */ #define in_irq() (hardirq_count()) #define in_softirq() (softirq_count()) #define in_interrupt() (irq_count()) #define in_serving_softirq() (softirq_count() & SOFTIRQ_OFFSET) #define in_nmi() (preempt_count() & NMI_MASK) #define in_task() (!(preempt_count() & \ (NMI_MASK | HARDIRQ_MASK | SOFTIRQ_OFFSET))) /* * The preempt_count offset after preempt_disable(); */ #if defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT) # define PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET PREEMPT_OFFSET #else # define PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET 0 #endif /* * The preempt_count offset after spin_lock() */ #define PREEMPT_LOCK_OFFSET PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET /* * The preempt_count offset needed for things like: * * spin_lock_bh() * * Which need to disable both preemption (CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT) and * softirqs, such that unlock sequences of: * * spin_unlock(); * local_bh_enable(); * * Work as expected. */ #define SOFTIRQ_LOCK_OFFSET (SOFTIRQ_DISABLE_OFFSET + PREEMPT_LOCK_OFFSET) /* * Are we running in atomic context? WARNING: this macro cannot * always detect atomic context; in particular, it cannot know about * held spinlocks in non-preemptible kernels. Thus it should not be * used in the general case to determine whether sleeping is possible. * Do not use in_atomic() in driver code. */ #define in_atomic() (preempt_count() != 0) /* * Check whether we were atomic before we did preempt_disable(): * (used by the scheduler) */ #define in_atomic_preempt_off() (preempt_count() != PREEMPT_DISABLE_OFFSET) #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT) || defined(CONFIG_TRACE_PREEMPT_TOGGLE) extern void preempt_count_add(int val); extern void preempt_count_sub(int val); #define preempt_count_dec_and_test() \ ({ preempt_count_sub(1); should_resched(0); }) #else #define preempt_count_add(val) __preempt_count_add(val) #define preempt_count_sub(val) __preempt_count_sub(val) #define preempt_count_dec_and_test() __preempt_count_dec_and_test() #endif #define __preempt_count_inc() __preempt_count_add(1) #define __preempt_count_dec() __preempt_count_sub(1) #define preempt_count_inc() preempt_count_add(1) #define preempt_count_dec() preempt_count_sub(1) #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT #define preempt_disable() \ do { \ preempt_count_inc(); \ barrier(); \ } while (0) #define sched_preempt_enable_no_resched() \ do { \ barrier(); \ preempt_count_dec(); \ } while (0) #define preempt_enable_no_resched() sched_preempt_enable_no_resched() #define preemptible() (preempt_count() == 0 && !irqs_disabled()) #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION #define preempt_enable() \ do { \ barrier(); \ if (unlikely(preempt_count_dec_and_test())) \ __preempt_schedule(); \ } while (0) #define preempt_enable_notrace() \ do { \ barrier(); \ if (unlikely(__preempt_count_dec_and_test())) \ __preempt_schedule_notrace(); \ } while (0) #define preempt_check_resched() \ do { \ if (should_resched(0)) \ __preempt_schedule(); \ } while (0) #else /* !CONFIG_PREEMPTION */ #define preempt_enable() \ do { \ barrier(); \ preempt_count_dec(); \ } while (0) #define preempt_enable_notrace() \ do { \ barrier(); \ __preempt_count_dec(); \ } while (0) #define preempt_check_resched() do { } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_PREEMPTION */ #define preempt_disable_notrace() \ do { \ __preempt_count_inc(); \ barrier(); \ } while (0) #define preempt_enable_no_resched_notrace() \ do { \ barrier(); \ __preempt_count_dec(); \ } while (0) #else /* !CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT */ /* * Even if we don't have any preemption, we need preempt disable/enable * to be barriers, so that we don't have things like get_user/put_user * that can cause faults and scheduling migrate into our preempt-protected * region. */ #define preempt_disable() barrier() #define sched_preempt_enable_no_resched() barrier() #define preempt_enable_no_resched() barrier() #define preempt_enable() barrier() #define preempt_check_resched() do { } while (0) #define preempt_disable_notrace() barrier() #define preempt_enable_no_resched_notrace() barrier() #define preempt_enable_notrace() barrier() #define preemptible() 0 #endif /* CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT */ #ifdef MODULE /* * Modules have no business playing preemption tricks. */ #undef sched_preempt_enable_no_resched #undef preempt_enable_no_resched #undef preempt_enable_no_resched_notrace #undef preempt_check_resched #endif #define preempt_set_need_resched() \ do { \ set_preempt_need_resched(); \ } while (0) #define preempt_fold_need_resched() \ do { \ if (tif_need_resched()) \ set_preempt_need_resched(); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS struct preempt_notifier; /** * preempt_ops - notifiers called when a task is preempted and rescheduled * @sched_in: we're about to be rescheduled: * notifier: struct preempt_notifier for the task being scheduled * cpu: cpu we're scheduled on * @sched_out: we've just been preempted * notifier: struct preempt_notifier for the task being preempted * next: the task that's kicking us out * * Please note that sched_in and out are called under different * contexts. sched_out is called with rq lock held and irq disabled * while sched_in is called without rq lock and irq enabled. This * difference is intentional and depended upon by its users. */ struct preempt_ops { void (*sched_in)(struct preempt_notifier *notifier, int cpu); void (*sched_out)(struct preempt_notifier *notifier, struct task_struct *next); }; /** * preempt_notifier - key for installing preemption notifiers * @link: internal use * @ops: defines the notifier functions to be called * * Usually used in conjunction with container_of(). */ struct preempt_notifier { struct hlist_node link; struct preempt_ops *ops; }; void preempt_notifier_inc(void); void preempt_notifier_dec(void); void preempt_notifier_register(struct preempt_notifier *notifier); void preempt_notifier_unregister(struct preempt_notifier *notifier); static inline void preempt_notifier_init(struct preempt_notifier *notifier, struct preempt_ops *ops) { INIT_HLIST_NODE(&notifier->link); notifier->ops = ops; } #endif /** * migrate_disable - Prevent migration of the current task * * Maps to preempt_disable() which also disables preemption. Use * migrate_disable() to annotate that the intent is to prevent migration, * but not necessarily preemption. * * Can be invoked nested like preempt_disable() and needs the corresponding * number of migrate_enable() invocations. */ static __always_inline void migrate_disable(void) { preempt_disable(); } /** * migrate_enable - Allow migration of the current task * * Counterpart to migrate_disable(). * * As migrate_disable() can be invoked nested, only the outermost invocation * reenables migration. * * Currently mapped to preempt_enable(). */ static __always_inline void migrate_enable(void) { preempt_enable(); } #endif /* __LINUX_PREEMPT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note */ /* * Copyright 1997 Transmeta Corporation - All Rights Reserved * Copyright 1999-2000 Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> * Copyright 2005-2006,2013,2017-2018 Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net> * * This file is part of the Linux kernel and is made available under * the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, or at your * option, any later version, incorporated herein by reference. * * ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */ #ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_AUTO_FS_H #define _UAPI_LINUX_AUTO_FS_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #ifndef __KERNEL__ #include <sys/ioctl.h> #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #define AUTOFS_PROTO_VERSION 5 #define AUTOFS_MIN_PROTO_VERSION 3 #define AUTOFS_MAX_PROTO_VERSION 5 #define AUTOFS_PROTO_SUBVERSION 5 /* * The wait_queue_token (autofs_wqt_t) is part of a structure which is passed * back to the kernel via ioctl from userspace. On architectures where 32- and * 64-bit userspace binaries can be executed it's important that the size of * autofs_wqt_t stays constant between 32- and 64-bit Linux kernels so that we * do not break the binary ABI interface by changing the structure size. */ #if defined(__ia64__) || defined(__alpha__) /* pure 64bit architectures */ typedef unsigned long autofs_wqt_t; #else typedef unsigned int autofs_wqt_t; #endif /* Packet types */ #define autofs_ptype_missing 0 /* Missing entry (mount request) */ #define autofs_ptype_expire 1 /* Expire entry (umount request) */ struct autofs_packet_hdr { int proto_version; /* Protocol version */ int type; /* Type of packet */ }; struct autofs_packet_missing { struct autofs_packet_hdr hdr; autofs_wqt_t wait_queue_token; int len; char name[NAME_MAX+1]; }; /* v3 expire (via ioctl) */ struct autofs_packet_expire { struct autofs_packet_hdr hdr; int len; char name[NAME_MAX+1]; }; #define AUTOFS_IOCTL 0x93 enum { AUTOFS_IOC_READY_CMD = 0x60, AUTOFS_IOC_FAIL_CMD, AUTOFS_IOC_CATATONIC_CMD, AUTOFS_IOC_PROTOVER_CMD, AUTOFS_IOC_SETTIMEOUT_CMD, AUTOFS_IOC_EXPIRE_CMD, }; #define AUTOFS_IOC_READY _IO(AUTOFS_IOCTL, AUTOFS_IOC_READY_CMD) #define AUTOFS_IOC_FAIL _IO(AUTOFS_IOCTL, AUTOFS_IOC_FAIL_CMD) #define AUTOFS_IOC_CATATONIC _IO(AUTOFS_IOCTL, AUTOFS_IOC_CATATONIC_CMD) #define AUTOFS_IOC_PROTOVER _IOR(AUTOFS_IOCTL, \ AUTOFS_IOC_PROTOVER_CMD, int) #define AUTOFS_IOC_SETTIMEOUT32 _IOWR(AUTOFS_IOCTL, \ AUTOFS_IOC_SETTIMEOUT_CMD, \ compat_ulong_t) #define AUTOFS_IOC_SETTIMEOUT _IOWR(AUTOFS_IOCTL, \ AUTOFS_IOC_SETTIMEOUT_CMD, \ unsigned long) #define AUTOFS_IOC_EXPIRE _IOR(AUTOFS_IOCTL, \ AUTOFS_IOC_EXPIRE_CMD, \ struct autofs_packet_expire) /* autofs version 4 and later definitions */ /* Mask for expire behaviour */ #define AUTOFS_EXP_NORMAL 0x00 #define AUTOFS_EXP_IMMEDIATE 0x01 #define AUTOFS_EXP_LEAVES 0x02 #define AUTOFS_EXP_FORCED 0x04 #define AUTOFS_TYPE_ANY 0U #define AUTOFS_TYPE_INDIRECT 1U #define AUTOFS_TYPE_DIRECT 2U #define AUTOFS_TYPE_OFFSET 4U static inline void set_autofs_type_indirect(unsigned int *type) { *type = AUTOFS_TYPE_INDIRECT; } static inline unsigned int autofs_type_indirect(unsigned int type) { return (type == AUTOFS_TYPE_INDIRECT); } static inline void set_autofs_type_direct(unsigned int *type) { *type = AUTOFS_TYPE_DIRECT; } static inline unsigned int autofs_type_direct(unsigned int type) { return (type == AUTOFS_TYPE_DIRECT); } static inline void set_autofs_type_offset(unsigned int *type) { *type = AUTOFS_TYPE_OFFSET; } static inline unsigned int autofs_type_offset(unsigned int type) { return (type == AUTOFS_TYPE_OFFSET); } static inline unsigned int autofs_type_trigger(unsigned int type) { return (type == AUTOFS_TYPE_DIRECT || type == AUTOFS_TYPE_OFFSET); } /* * This isn't really a type as we use it to say "no type set" to * indicate we want to search for "any" mount in the * autofs_dev_ioctl_ismountpoint() device ioctl function. */ static inline void set_autofs_type_any(unsigned int *type) { *type = AUTOFS_TYPE_ANY; } static inline unsigned int autofs_type_any(unsigned int type) { return (type == AUTOFS_TYPE_ANY); } /* Daemon notification packet types */ enum autofs_notify { NFY_NONE, NFY_MOUNT, NFY_EXPIRE }; /* Kernel protocol version 4 packet types */ /* Expire entry (umount request) */ #define autofs_ptype_expire_multi 2 /* Kernel protocol version 5 packet types */ /* Indirect mount missing and expire requests. */ #define autofs_ptype_missing_indirect 3 #define autofs_ptype_expire_indirect 4 /* Direct mount missing and expire requests */ #define autofs_ptype_missing_direct 5 #define autofs_ptype_expire_direct 6 /* v4 multi expire (via pipe) */ struct autofs_packet_expire_multi { struct autofs_packet_hdr hdr; autofs_wqt_t wait_queue_token; int len; char name[NAME_MAX+1]; }; union autofs_packet_union { struct autofs_packet_hdr hdr; struct autofs_packet_missing missing; struct autofs_packet_expire expire; struct autofs_packet_expire_multi expire_multi; }; /* autofs v5 common packet struct */ struct autofs_v5_packet { struct autofs_packet_hdr hdr; autofs_wqt_t wait_queue_token; __u32 dev; __u64 ino; __u32 uid; __u32 gid; __u32 pid; __u32 tgid; __u32 len; char name[NAME_MAX+1]; }; typedef struct autofs_v5_packet autofs_packet_missing_indirect_t; typedef struct autofs_v5_packet autofs_packet_expire_indirect_t; typedef struct autofs_v5_packet autofs_packet_missing_direct_t; typedef struct autofs_v5_packet autofs_packet_expire_direct_t; union autofs_v5_packet_union { struct autofs_packet_hdr hdr; struct autofs_v5_packet v5_packet; autofs_packet_missing_indirect_t missing_indirect; autofs_packet_expire_indirect_t expire_indirect; autofs_packet_missing_direct_t missing_direct; autofs_packet_expire_direct_t expire_direct; }; enum { AUTOFS_IOC_EXPIRE_MULTI_CMD = 0x66, /* AUTOFS_IOC_EXPIRE_CMD + 1 */ AUTOFS_IOC_PROTOSUBVER_CMD, AUTOFS_IOC_ASKUMOUNT_CMD = 0x70, /* AUTOFS_DEV_IOCTL_VERSION_CMD - 1 */ }; #define AUTOFS_IOC_EXPIRE_MULTI _IOW(AUTOFS_IOCTL, \ AUTOFS_IOC_EXPIRE_MULTI_CMD, int) #define AUTOFS_IOC_PROTOSUBVER _IOR(AUTOFS_IOCTL, \ AUTOFS_IOC_PROTOSUBVER_CMD, int) #define AUTOFS_IOC_ASKUMOUNT _IOR(AUTOFS_IOCTL, \ AUTOFS_IOC_ASKUMOUNT_CMD, int) #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_AUTO_FS_H */
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2821 2822 2823 2824 2825 2826 2827 2828 2829 2830 2831 2832 2833 2834 2835 2836 2837 2838 2839 2840 2841 2842 2843 2844 2845 2846 2847 2848 2849 2850 2851 2852 2853 2854 2855 2856 2857 2858 2859 2860 2861 2862 2863 2864 2865 2866 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871 2872 2873 2874 2875 2876 2877 2878 2879 2880 2881 2882 2883 2884 2885 2886 2887 2888 2889 2890 2891 2892 2893 2894 2895 2896 2897 2898 2899 2900 2901 2902 2903 2904 2905 2906 2907 2908 2909 2910 2911 2912 2913 2914 2915 2916 2917 2918 2919 2920 2921 2922 2923 2924 2925 2926 2927 2928 2929 2930 2931 2932 2933 2934 2935 2936 2937 2938 2939 2940 2941 2942 2943 2944 2945 2946 2947 2948 2949 2950 2951 2952 2953 2954 2955 2956 2957 2958 2959 2960 2961 2962 2963 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Kernel Probes (KProbes) * kernel/kprobes.c * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004 * * 2002-Oct Created by Vamsi Krishna S <vamsi_krishna@in.ibm.com> Kernel * Probes initial implementation (includes suggestions from * Rusty Russell). * 2004-Aug Updated by Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> with * hlists and exceptions notifier as suggested by Andi Kleen. * 2004-July Suparna Bhattacharya <suparna@in.ibm.com> added jumper probes * interface to access function arguments. * 2004-Sep Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> Changed Kprobes * exceptions notifier to be first on the priority list. * 2005-May Hien Nguyen <hien@us.ibm.com>, Jim Keniston * <jkenisto@us.ibm.com> and Prasanna S Panchamukhi * <prasanna@in.ibm.com> added function-return probes. */ #include <linux/kprobes.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/moduleloader.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/kdebug.h> #include <linux/memory.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/static_call.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #define KPROBE_HASH_BITS 6 #define KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE (1 << KPROBE_HASH_BITS) static int kprobes_initialized; /* kprobe_table can be accessed by * - Normal hlist traversal and RCU add/del under kprobe_mutex is held. * Or * - RCU hlist traversal under disabling preempt (breakpoint handlers) */ static struct hlist_head kprobe_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; static struct hlist_head kretprobe_inst_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_all_disarmed; /* This protects kprobe_table and optimizing_list */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_mutex); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe *, kprobe_instance) = NULL; static struct { raw_spinlock_t lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; } kretprobe_table_locks[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; kprobe_opcode_t * __weak kprobe_lookup_name(const char *name, unsigned int __unused) { return ((kprobe_opcode_t *)(kallsyms_lookup_name(name))); } static raw_spinlock_t *kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(unsigned long hash) { return &(kretprobe_table_locks[hash].lock); } /* Blacklist -- list of struct kprobe_blacklist_entry */ static LIST_HEAD(kprobe_blacklist); #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT /* * kprobe->ainsn.insn points to the copy of the instruction to be * single-stepped. x86_64, POWER4 and above have no-exec support and * stepping on the instruction on a vmalloced/kmalloced/data page * is a recipe for disaster */ struct kprobe_insn_page { struct list_head list; kprobe_opcode_t *insns; /* Page of instruction slots */ struct kprobe_insn_cache *cache; int nused; int ngarbage; char slot_used[]; }; #define KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots) \ (offsetof(struct kprobe_insn_page, slot_used) + \ (sizeof(char) * (slots))) static int slots_per_page(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { return PAGE_SIZE/(c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); } enum kprobe_slot_state { SLOT_CLEAN = 0, SLOT_DIRTY = 1, SLOT_USED = 2, }; void __weak *alloc_insn_page(void) { return module_alloc(PAGE_SIZE); } void __weak free_insn_page(void *page) { module_memfree(page); } struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_insn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_insn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_insn_slots.pages), .insn_size = MAX_INSN_SIZE, .nr_garbage = 0, }; static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c); /** * __get_insn_slot() - Find a slot on an executable page for an instruction. * We allocate an executable page if there's no room on existing ones. */ kprobe_opcode_t *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; kprobe_opcode_t *slot = NULL; /* Since the slot array is not protected by rcu, we need a mutex */ mutex_lock(&c->mutex); retry: rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (kip->nused < slots_per_page(c)) { int i; for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_CLEAN) { kip->slot_used[i] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused++; slot = kip->insns + (i * c->insn_size); rcu_read_unlock(); goto out; } } /* kip->nused is broken. Fix it. */ kip->nused = slots_per_page(c); WARN_ON(1); } } rcu_read_unlock(); /* If there are any garbage slots, collect it and try again. */ if (c->nr_garbage && collect_garbage_slots(c) == 0) goto retry; /* All out of space. Need to allocate a new page. */ kip = kmalloc(KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots_per_page(c)), GFP_KERNEL); if (!kip) goto out; /* * Use module_alloc so this page is within +/- 2GB of where the * kernel image and loaded module images reside. This is required * so x86_64 can correctly handle the %rip-relative fixups. */ kip->insns = c->alloc(); if (!kip->insns) { kfree(kip); goto out; } INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kip->list); memset(kip->slot_used, SLOT_CLEAN, slots_per_page(c)); kip->slot_used[0] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused = 1; kip->ngarbage = 0; kip->cache = c; list_add_rcu(&kip->list, &c->pages); slot = kip->insns; /* Record the perf ksymbol register event after adding the page */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, false, c->sym); out: mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); return slot; } /* Return 1 if all garbages are collected, otherwise 0. */ static int collect_one_slot(struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, int idx) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_CLEAN; kip->nused--; if (kip->nused == 0) { /* * Page is no longer in use. Free it unless * it's the last one. We keep the last one * so as not to have to set it up again the * next time somebody inserts a probe. */ if (!list_is_singular(&kip->list)) { /* * Record perf ksymbol unregister event before removing * the page. */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, true, kip->cache->sym); list_del_rcu(&kip->list); synchronize_rcu(); kip->cache->free(kip->insns); kfree(kip); } return 1; } return 0; } static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, *next; /* Ensure no-one is interrupted on the garbages */ synchronize_rcu(); list_for_each_entry_safe(kip, next, &c->pages, list) { int i; if (kip->ngarbage == 0) continue; kip->ngarbage = 0; /* we will collect all garbages */ for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_DIRTY && collect_one_slot(kip, i)) break; } } c->nr_garbage = 0; return 0; } void __free_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; long idx; mutex_lock(&c->mutex); rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { idx = ((long)slot - (long)kip->insns) / (c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); if (idx >= 0 && idx < slots_per_page(c)) goto out; } /* Could not find this slot. */ WARN_ON(1); kip = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); /* Mark and sweep: this may sleep */ if (kip) { /* Check double free */ WARN_ON(kip->slot_used[idx] != SLOT_USED); if (dirty) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_DIRTY; kip->ngarbage++; if (++c->nr_garbage > slots_per_page(c)) collect_garbage_slots(c); } else { collect_one_slot(kip, idx); } } mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); } /* * Check given address is on the page of kprobe instruction slots. * This will be used for checking whether the address on a stack * is on a text area or not. */ bool __is_insn_slot_addr(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; bool ret = false; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)kip->insns && addr < (unsigned long)kip->insns + PAGE_SIZE) { ret = true; break; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } int kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; int ret = -ERANGE; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if ((*symnum)--) continue; strlcpy(sym, c->sym, KSYM_NAME_LEN); *type = 't'; *value = (unsigned long)kip->insns; ret = 0; break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* For optimized_kprobe buffer */ struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_optinsn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_optinsn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_OPTINSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_optinsn_slots.pages), /* .insn_size is initialized later */ .nr_garbage = 0, }; #endif #endif /* We have preemption disabled.. so it is safe to use __ versions */ static inline void set_kprobe_instance(struct kprobe *kp) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, kp); } static inline void reset_kprobe_instance(void) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, NULL); } /* * This routine is called either: * - under the kprobe_mutex - during kprobe_[un]register() * OR * - with preemption disabled - from arch/xxx/kernel/kprobes.c */ struct kprobe *get_kprobe(void *addr) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; head = &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist, lockdep_is_held(&kprobe_mutex)) { if (p->addr == addr) return p; } return NULL; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(get_kprobe); static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs); /* Return true if the kprobe is an aggregator */ static inline int kprobe_aggrprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return p->pre_handler == aggr_pre_handler; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is unused */ static inline int kprobe_unused(struct kprobe *p) { return kprobe_aggrprobe(p) && kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&p->list); } /* * Keep all fields in the kprobe consistent */ static inline void copy_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { memcpy(&p->opcode, &ap->opcode, sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); memcpy(&p->ainsn, &ap->ainsn, sizeof(struct arch_specific_insn)); } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_allow_optimization; /* * Call all pre_handler on the list, but ignores its return value. * This must be called from arch-dep optimized caller. */ void opt_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->pre_handler(kp, regs); } reset_kprobe_instance(); } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(opt_pre_handler); /* Free optimized instructions and optimized_kprobe */ static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(op); } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is ready for optimization. */ static inline int kprobe_optready(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn); } return 0; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is disarmed. Note: p must be on hash list */ static inline int kprobe_disarmed(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* If kprobe is not aggr/opt probe, just return kprobe is disabled */ if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) return kprobe_disabled(p); op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&op->list); } /* Return true(!0) if the probe is queued on (un)optimizing lists */ static int kprobe_queued(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Return an optimized kprobe whose optimizing code replaces * instructions including addr (exclude breakpoint). */ static struct kprobe *get_optimized_kprobe(unsigned long addr) { int i; struct kprobe *p = NULL; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Don't check i == 0, since that is a breakpoint case. */ for (i = 1; !p && i < MAX_OPTIMIZED_LENGTH; i++) p = get_kprobe((void *)(addr - i)); if (p && kprobe_optready(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (arch_within_optimized_kprobe(op, addr)) return p; } return NULL; } /* Optimization staging list, protected by kprobe_mutex */ static LIST_HEAD(optimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(unoptimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(freeing_list); static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(optimizing_work, kprobe_optimizer); #define OPTIMIZE_DELAY 5 /* * Optimize (replace a breakpoint with a jump) kprobes listed on * optimizing_list. */ static void do_optimize_kprobes(void) { lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* * The optimization/unoptimization refers online_cpus via * stop_machine() and cpu-hotplug modifies online_cpus. * And same time, text_mutex will be held in cpu-hotplug and here. * This combination can cause a deadlock (cpu-hotplug try to lock * text_mutex but stop_machine can not be done because online_cpus * has been changed) * To avoid this deadlock, caller must have locked cpu hotplug * for preventing cpu-hotplug outside of text_mutex locking. */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Optimization never be done when disarmed */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed || !kprobes_allow_optimization || list_empty(&optimizing_list)) return; arch_optimize_kprobes(&optimizing_list); } /* * Unoptimize (replace a jump with a breakpoint and remove the breakpoint * if need) kprobes listed on unoptimizing_list. */ static void do_unoptimize_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* See comment in do_optimize_kprobes() */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Unoptimization must be done anytime */ if (list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) return; arch_unoptimize_kprobes(&unoptimizing_list, &freeing_list); /* Loop free_list for disarming */ list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { /* Switching from detour code to origin */ op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* Disarm probes if marked disabled */ if (kprobe_disabled(&op->kp)) arch_disarm_kprobe(&op->kp); if (kprobe_unused(&op->kp)) { /* * Remove unused probes from hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, these probes are reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes.) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } else list_del_init(&op->list); } } /* Reclaim all kprobes on the free_list */ static void do_free_cleaned_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { list_del_init(&op->list); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!kprobe_unused(&op->kp))) { /* * This must not happen, but if there is a kprobe * still in use, keep it on kprobes hash list. */ continue; } free_aggr_kprobe(&op->kp); } } /* Start optimizer after OPTIMIZE_DELAY passed */ static void kick_kprobe_optimizer(void) { schedule_delayed_work(&optimizing_work, OPTIMIZE_DELAY); } /* Kprobe jump optimizer */ static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); /* * Step 1: Unoptimize kprobes and collect cleaned (unused and disarmed) * kprobes before waiting for quiesence period. */ do_unoptimize_kprobes(); /* * Step 2: Wait for quiesence period to ensure all potentially * preempted tasks to have normally scheduled. Because optprobe * may modify multiple instructions, there is a chance that Nth * instruction is preempted. In that case, such tasks can return * to 2nd-Nth byte of jump instruction. This wait is for avoiding it. * Note that on non-preemptive kernel, this is transparently converted * to synchronoze_sched() to wait for all interrupts to have completed. */ synchronize_rcu_tasks(); /* Step 3: Optimize kprobes after quiesence period */ do_optimize_kprobes(); /* Step 4: Free cleaned kprobes after quiesence period */ do_free_cleaned_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); /* Step 5: Kick optimizer again if needed */ if (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) kick_kprobe_optimizer(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } /* Wait for completing optimization and unoptimization */ void wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(void) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); while (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* this will also make optimizing_work execute immmediately */ flush_delayed_work(&optimizing_work); /* @optimizing_work might not have been queued yet, relax */ cpu_relax(); mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static bool optprobe_queued_unopt(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { struct optimized_kprobe *_op; list_for_each_entry(_op, &unoptimizing_list, list) { if (op == _op) return true; } return false; } /* Optimize kprobe if p is ready to be optimized */ static void optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Check if the kprobe is disabled or not ready for optimization. */ if (!kprobe_optready(p) || !kprobes_allow_optimization || (kprobe_disabled(p) || kprobes_all_disarmed)) return; /* kprobes with post_handler can not be optimized */ if (p->post_handler) return; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); /* Check there is no other kprobes at the optimized instructions */ if (arch_check_optimized_kprobe(op) < 0) return; /* Check if it is already optimized. */ if (op->kp.flags & KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* This is under unoptimizing. Just dequeue the probe */ list_del_init(&op->list); } return; } op->kp.flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* On unoptimizing/optimizing_list, op must have OPTIMIZED flag */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&op->list))) return; list_add(&op->list, &optimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } /* Short cut to direct unoptimizing */ static void force_unoptimize_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); arch_unoptimize_kprobe(op); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } /* Unoptimize a kprobe if p is optimized */ static void unoptimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool force) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p) || kprobe_disarmed(p)) return; /* This is not an optprobe nor optimized */ op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!kprobe_optimized(p)) return; if (!list_empty(&op->list)) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* Queued in unoptimizing queue */ if (force) { /* * Forcibly unoptimize the kprobe here, and queue it * in the freeing list for release afterwards. */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); list_move(&op->list, &freeing_list); } } else { /* Dequeue from the optimizing queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } return; } /* Optimized kprobe case */ if (force) { /* Forcibly update the code: this is a special case */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); } else { list_add(&op->list, &unoptimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } } /* Cancel unoptimizing for reusing */ static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* * Unused kprobe MUST be on the way of delayed unoptimizing (means * there is still a relative jump) and disabled. */ op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); WARN_ON_ONCE(list_empty(&op->list)); /* Enable the probe again */ ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Optimize it again (remove from op->list) */ if (!kprobe_optready(ap)) return -EINVAL; optimize_kprobe(ap); return 0; } /* Remove optimized instructions */ static void kill_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) /* Dequeue from the (un)optimization queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; if (kprobe_unused(p)) { /* Enqueue if it is unused */ list_add(&op->list, &freeing_list); /* * Remove unused probes from the hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, this probe is reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes().) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } /* Don't touch the code, because it is already freed. */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); } static inline void __prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op, struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) arch_prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Try to prepare optimized instructions */ static void prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Allocate new optimized_kprobe and try to prepare optimized instructions */ static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = kzalloc(sizeof(struct optimized_kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); if (!op) return NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&op->list); op->kp.addr = p->addr; __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); return &op->kp; } static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p); /* * Prepare an optimized_kprobe and optimize it * NOTE: p must be a normal registered kprobe */ static void try_to_optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Impossible to optimize ftrace-based kprobe */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p)) return; /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ cpus_read_lock(); jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(p); if (!ap) goto out; op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn)) { /* If failed to setup optimizing, fallback to kprobe */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); kfree(op); goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, p); optimize_kprobe(ap); /* This just kicks optimizer thread */ out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); } static void optimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already allowed, just return */ if (kprobes_allow_optimization) goto out; cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) optimize_kprobe(p); } cpus_read_unlock(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally optimized\n"); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL static void unoptimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already prohibited, just return */ if (!kprobes_allow_optimization) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return; } cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = false; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) unoptimize_kprobe(p, false); } } cpus_read_unlock(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for unoptimizing completion */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally unoptimized\n"); } static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_sysctl_mutex); int sysctl_kprobes_optimization; int proc_kprobes_optimization_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); sysctl_kprobes_optimization = kprobes_allow_optimization ? 1 : 0; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, length, ppos); if (sysctl_kprobes_optimization) optimize_all_kprobes(); else unoptimize_all_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */ /* Put a breakpoint for a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Check collision with other optimized kprobes */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p)) /* Fallback to unoptimized kprobe */ unoptimize_kprobe(_p, true); arch_arm_kprobe(p); optimize_kprobe(p); /* Try to optimize (add kprobe to a list) */ } /* Remove the breakpoint of a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool reopt) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Try to unoptimize */ unoptimize_kprobe(p, kprobes_all_disarmed); if (!kprobe_queued(p)) { arch_disarm_kprobe(p); /* If another kprobe was blocked, optimize it. */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p) && reopt) optimize_kprobe(_p); } /* TODO: reoptimize others after unoptimized this probe */ } #else /* !CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #define optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define unoptimize_kprobe(p, f) do {} while (0) #define kill_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define prepare_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define try_to_optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define __arm_kprobe(p) arch_arm_kprobe(p) #define __disarm_kprobe(p, o) arch_disarm_kprobe(p) #define kprobe_disarmed(p) kprobe_disabled(p) #define wait_for_kprobe_optimizer() do {} while (0) static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { /* * If the optimized kprobe is NOT supported, the aggr kprobe is * released at the same time that the last aggregated kprobe is * unregistered. * Thus there should be no chance to reuse unused kprobe. */ printk(KERN_ERR "Error: There should be no unused kprobe here.\n"); return -EINVAL; } static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(p); } static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return kzalloc(sizeof(struct kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); } #endif /* CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ftrace_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS, }; static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ipmodify_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS | FTRACE_OPS_FL_IPMODIFY, }; static int kprobe_ipmodify_enabled; static int kprobe_ftrace_enabled; /* Must ensure p->addr is really on ftrace */ static int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); return arch_prepare_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 0, 0); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to arm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } if (*cnt == 0) { ret = register_ftrace_function(ops); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to init kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret); goto err_ftrace; } } (*cnt)++; return ret; err_ftrace: /* * At this point, sinec ops is not registered, we should be sefe from * registering empty filter. */ ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); return ret; } static int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __arm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; if (*cnt == 1) { ret = unregister_ftrace_function(ops); if (WARN(ret < 0, "Failed to unregister kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret)) return ret; } (*cnt)--; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); WARN_ONCE(ret < 0, "Failed to disarm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } static int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ static inline int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); } static inline int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } static inline int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } #endif /* Arm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return arm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __arm_kprobe(kp); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* Disarm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp, bool reopt) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return disarm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __disarm_kprobe(kp, reopt); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* * Aggregate handlers for multiple kprobes support - these handlers * take care of invoking the individual kprobe handlers on p->list */ static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); if (kp->pre_handler(kp, regs)) return 1; } reset_kprobe_instance(); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_pre_handler); static void aggr_post_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long flags) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->post_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->post_handler(kp, regs, flags); reset_kprobe_instance(); } } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_post_handler); static int aggr_fault_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr) { struct kprobe *cur = __this_cpu_read(kprobe_instance); /* * if we faulted "during" the execution of a user specified * probe handler, invoke just that probe's fault handler */ if (cur && cur->fault_handler) { if (cur->fault_handler(cur, regs, trapnr)) return 1; } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_fault_handler); /* Walks the list and increments nmissed count for multiprobe case */ void kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { p->nmissed++; } else { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) kp->nmissed++; } return; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobes_inc_nmissed_count); static void recycle_rp_inst(struct kretprobe_instance *ri) { struct kretprobe *rp = ri->rp; /* remove rp inst off the rprobe_inst_table */ hlist_del(&ri->hlist); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); if (likely(rp)) { raw_spin_lock(&rp->lock); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock(&rp->lock); } else kfree_rcu(ri, rcu); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(recycle_rp_inst); static void kretprobe_hash_lock(struct task_struct *tsk, struct hlist_head **head, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; *head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_lock); static void kretprobe_table_lock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_lock); static void kretprobe_hash_unlock(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_unlock); static void kretprobe_table_unlock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_unlock); static struct kprobe kprobe_busy = { .addr = (void *) get_kprobe, }; void kprobe_busy_begin(void) { struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb; preempt_disable(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &kprobe_busy); kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk(); kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE; } void kprobe_busy_end(void) { __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, NULL); preempt_enable(); } /* * This function is called from finish_task_switch when task tk becomes dead, * so that we can recycle any function-return probe instances associated * with this task. These left over instances represent probed functions * that have been called but will never return. */ void kprobe_flush_task(struct task_struct *tk) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long hash, flags = 0; if (unlikely(!kprobes_initialized)) /* Early boot. kretprobe_table_locks not yet initialized. */ return; kprobe_busy_begin(); hash = hash_ptr(tk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task == tk) recycle_rp_inst(ri); } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); kprobe_busy_end(); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_flush_task); static inline void free_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, &rp->free_instances, hlist) { hlist_del(&ri->hlist); kfree(ri); } } static void cleanup_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { unsigned long flags, hash; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; struct hlist_head *head; /* To avoid recursive kretprobe by NMI, set kprobe busy here */ kprobe_busy_begin(); for (hash = 0; hash < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; hash++) { kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, head, hlist) { if (ri->rp == rp) ri->rp = NULL; } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } kprobe_busy_end(); free_rp_inst(rp); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(cleanup_rp_inst); /* Add the new probe to ap->list */ static int add_new_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { if (p->post_handler) unoptimize_kprobe(ap, true); /* Fall back to normal kprobe */ list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); if (p->post_handler && !ap->post_handler) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; return 0; } /* * Fill in the required fields of the "manager kprobe". Replace the * earlier kprobe in the hlist with the manager kprobe */ static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { /* Copy p's insn slot to ap */ copy_kprobe(p, ap); flush_insn_slot(ap); ap->addr = p->addr; ap->flags = p->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; ap->pre_handler = aggr_pre_handler; ap->fault_handler = aggr_fault_handler; /* We don't care the kprobe which has gone. */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ap->list); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ap->hlist); list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); hlist_replace_rcu(&p->hlist, &ap->hlist); } /* * This is the second or subsequent kprobe at the address - handle * the intricacies */ static int register_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *orig_p, struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *ap = orig_p; cpus_read_lock(); /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(orig_p)) { /* If orig_p is not an aggr_kprobe, create new aggr_kprobe. */ ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(orig_p); if (!ap) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, orig_p); } else if (kprobe_unused(ap)) { /* This probe is going to die. Rescue it */ ret = reuse_unused_kprobe(ap); if (ret) goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(ap)) { /* * Attempting to insert new probe at the same location that * had a probe in the module vaddr area which already * freed. So, the instruction slot has already been * released. We need a new slot for the new probe. */ ret = arch_prepare_kprobe(ap); if (ret) /* * Even if fail to allocate new slot, don't need to * free aggr_probe. It will be used next time, or * freed by unregister_kprobe. */ goto out; /* Prepare optimized instructions if possible. */ prepare_optimized_kprobe(ap); /* * Clear gone flag to prevent allocating new slot again, and * set disabled flag because it is not armed yet. */ ap->flags = (ap->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_GONE) | KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } /* Copy ap's insn slot to p */ copy_kprobe(ap, p); ret = add_new_kprobe(ap, p); out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret == 0 && kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { /* Arm the breakpoint again. */ ret = arm_kprobe(ap); if (ret) { ap->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; list_del_rcu(&p->list); synchronize_rcu(); } } } return ret; } bool __weak arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { /* The __kprobes marked functions and entry code must not be probed */ return addr >= (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start && addr < (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end; } static bool __within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; if (arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* * If there exists a kprobe_blacklist, verify and * fail any probe registration in the prohibited area */ list_for_each_entry(ent, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (addr >= ent->start_addr && addr < ent->end_addr) return true; } return false; } bool within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { char symname[KSYM_NAME_LEN], *p; if (__within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* Check if the address is on a suffixed-symbol */ if (!lookup_symbol_name(addr, symname)) { p = strchr(symname, '.'); if (!p) return false; *p = '\0'; addr = (unsigned long)kprobe_lookup_name(symname, 0); if (addr) return __within_kprobe_blacklist(addr); } return false; } /* * If we have a symbol_name argument, look it up and add the offset field * to it. This way, we can specify a relative address to a symbol. * This returns encoded errors if it fails to look up symbol or invalid * combination of parameters. */ static kprobe_opcode_t *_kprobe_addr(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *symbol_name, unsigned int offset) { if ((symbol_name && addr) || (!symbol_name && !addr)) goto invalid; if (symbol_name) { addr = kprobe_lookup_name(symbol_name, offset); if (!addr) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } addr = (kprobe_opcode_t *)(((char *)addr) + offset); if (addr) return addr; invalid: return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static kprobe_opcode_t *kprobe_addr(struct kprobe *p) { return _kprobe_addr(p->addr, p->symbol_name, p->offset); } /* Check passed kprobe is valid and return kprobe in kprobe_table. */ static struct kprobe *__get_valid_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); ap = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (unlikely(!ap)) return NULL; if (p != ap) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) if (list_p == p) /* kprobe p is a valid probe */ goto valid; return NULL; } valid: return ap; } /* Return error if the kprobe is being re-registered */ static inline int check_kprobe_rereg(struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); if (__get_valid_kprobe(p)) ret = -EINVAL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } int __weak arch_check_ftrace_location(struct kprobe *p) { unsigned long ftrace_addr; ftrace_addr = ftrace_location((unsigned long)p->addr); if (ftrace_addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE /* Given address is not on the instruction boundary */ if ((unsigned long)p->addr != ftrace_addr) return -EILSEQ; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_FTRACE; #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ return -EINVAL; #endif } return 0; } static int check_kprobe_address_safe(struct kprobe *p, struct module **probed_mod) { int ret; ret = arch_check_ftrace_location(p); if (ret) return ret; jump_label_lock(); preempt_disable(); /* Ensure it is not in reserved area nor out of text */ if (!kernel_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr) || within_kprobe_blacklist((unsigned long) p->addr) || jump_label_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || static_call_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || find_bug((unsigned long)p->addr)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } /* Check if are we probing a module */ *probed_mod = __module_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr); if (*probed_mod) { /* * We must hold a refcount of the probed module while updating * its code to prohibit unexpected unloading. */ if (unlikely(!try_module_get(*probed_mod))) { ret = -ENOENT; goto out; } /* * If the module freed .init.text, we couldn't insert * kprobes in there. */ if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, *probed_mod) && (*probed_mod)->state != MODULE_STATE_COMING) { module_put(*probed_mod); *probed_mod = NULL; ret = -ENOENT; } } out: preempt_enable(); jump_label_unlock(); return ret; } int register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { int ret; struct kprobe *old_p; struct module *probed_mod; kprobe_opcode_t *addr; /* Adjust probe address from symbol */ addr = kprobe_addr(p); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); p->addr = addr; ret = check_kprobe_rereg(p); if (ret) return ret; /* User can pass only KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED to register_kprobe */ p->flags &= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; p->nmissed = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->list); ret = check_kprobe_address_safe(p, &probed_mod); if (ret) return ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); old_p = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (old_p) { /* Since this may unoptimize old_p, locking text_mutex. */ ret = register_aggr_kprobe(old_p, p); goto out; } cpus_read_lock(); /* Prevent text modification */ mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ret = prepare_kprobe(p); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret) goto out; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&p->hlist); hlist_add_head_rcu(&p->hlist, &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(p->addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]); if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) { hlist_del_rcu(&p->hlist); synchronize_rcu(); goto out; } } /* Try to optimize kprobe */ try_to_optimize_kprobe(p); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); if (probed_mod) module_put(probed_mod); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobe); /* Check if all probes on the aggrprobe are disabled */ static int aggr_kprobe_disabled(struct kprobe *ap) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); list_for_each_entry(kp, &ap->list, list) if (!kprobe_disabled(kp)) /* * There is an active probe on the list. * We can't disable this ap. */ return 0; return 1; } /* Disable one kprobe: Make sure called under kprobe_mutex is locked */ static struct kprobe *__disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *orig_p; int ret; /* Get an original kprobe for return */ orig_p = __get_valid_kprobe(p); if (unlikely(orig_p == NULL)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { /* Disable probe if it is a child probe */ if (p != orig_p) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Try to disarm and disable this/parent probe */ if (p == orig_p || aggr_kprobe_disabled(orig_p)) { /* * If kprobes_all_disarmed is set, orig_p * should have already been disarmed, so * skip unneed disarming process. */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { ret = disarm_kprobe(orig_p, true); if (ret) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; return ERR_PTR(ret); } } orig_p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } } return orig_p; } /* * Unregister a kprobe without a scheduler synchronization. */ static int __unregister_kprobe_top(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; /* Disable kprobe. This will disarm it if needed. */ ap = __disable_kprobe(p); if (IS_ERR(ap)) return PTR_ERR(ap); if (ap == p) /* * This probe is an independent(and non-optimized) kprobe * (not an aggrprobe). Remove from the hash list. */ goto disarmed; /* Following process expects this probe is an aggrprobe */ WARN_ON(!kprobe_aggrprobe(ap)); if (list_is_singular(&ap->list) && kprobe_disarmed(ap)) /* * !disarmed could be happen if the probe is under delayed * unoptimizing. */ goto disarmed; else { /* If disabling probe has special handlers, update aggrprobe */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) { if ((list_p != p) && (list_p->post_handler)) goto noclean; } ap->post_handler = NULL; } noclean: /* * Remove from the aggrprobe: this path will do nothing in * __unregister_kprobe_bottom(). */ list_del_rcu(&p->list); if (!kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) /* * Try to optimize this probe again, because post * handler may have been changed. */ optimize_kprobe(ap); } return 0; disarmed: hlist_del_rcu(&ap->hlist); return 0; } static void __unregister_kprobe_bottom(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; if (list_empty(&p->list)) /* This is an independent kprobe */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); else if (list_is_singular(&p->list)) { /* This is the last child of an aggrprobe */ ap = list_entry(p->list.next, struct kprobe, list); list_del(&p->list); free_aggr_kprobe(ap); } /* Otherwise, do nothing. */ } int register_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i, ret = 0; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kprobe(kps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kprobes(kps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobes); void unregister_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { unregister_kprobes(&p, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobe); void unregister_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(kps[i]) < 0) kps[i]->addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (kps[i]->addr) __unregister_kprobe_bottom(kps[i]); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobes); int __weak kprobe_exceptions_notify(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long val, void *data) { return NOTIFY_DONE; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_exceptions_notify); static struct notifier_block kprobe_exceptions_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobe_exceptions_notify, .priority = 0x7fffffff /* we need to be notified first */ }; unsigned long __weak arch_deref_entry_point(void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry; } #ifdef CONFIG_KRETPROBES unsigned long __kretprobe_trampoline_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, void *trampoline_address, void *frame_pointer) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri = NULL, *last = NULL; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long flags; kprobe_opcode_t *correct_ret_addr = NULL; bool skipped = false; kretprobe_hash_lock(current, &head, &flags); /* * It is possible to have multiple instances associated with a given * task either because multiple functions in the call path have * return probes installed on them, and/or more than one * return probe was registered for a target function. * * We can handle this because: * - instances are always pushed into the head of the list * - when multiple return probes are registered for the same * function, the (chronologically) first instance's ret_addr * will be the real return address, and all the rest will * point to kretprobe_trampoline. */ hlist_for_each_entry(ri, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; /* * Return probes must be pushed on this hash list correct * order (same as return order) so that it can be popped * correctly. However, if we find it is pushed it incorrect * order, this means we find a function which should not be * probed, because the wrong order entry is pushed on the * path of processing other kretprobe itself. */ if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) { if (!skipped) pr_warn("kretprobe is stacked incorrectly. Trying to fixup.\n"); skipped = true; continue; } correct_ret_addr = ri->ret_addr; if (skipped) pr_warn("%ps must be blacklisted because of incorrect kretprobe order\n", ri->rp->kp.addr); if (correct_ret_addr != trampoline_address) /* * This is the real return address. Any other * instances associated with this task are for * other calls deeper on the call stack */ break; } BUG_ON(!correct_ret_addr || (correct_ret_addr == trampoline_address)); last = ri; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) continue; if (ri->rp && ri->rp->handler) { struct kprobe *prev = kprobe_running(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &ri->rp->kp); ri->ret_addr = correct_ret_addr; ri->rp->handler(ri, regs); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, prev); } recycle_rp_inst(ri); if (ri == last) break; } kretprobe_hash_unlock(current, &flags); return (unsigned long)correct_ret_addr; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(__kretprobe_trampoline_handler) /* * This kprobe pre_handler is registered with every kretprobe. When probe * hits it will set up the return probe. */ static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kretprobe *rp = container_of(p, struct kretprobe, kp); unsigned long hash, flags = 0; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; /* TODO: consider to only swap the RA after the last pre_handler fired */ hash = hash_ptr(current, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); if (!hlist_empty(&rp->free_instances)) { ri = hlist_entry(rp->free_instances.first, struct kretprobe_instance, hlist); hlist_del(&ri->hlist); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); ri->rp = rp; ri->task = current; if (rp->entry_handler && rp->entry_handler(ri, regs)) { raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); return 0; } arch_prepare_kretprobe(ri, regs); /* XXX(hch): why is there no hlist_move_head? */ INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]); kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } else { rp->nmissed++; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); bool __weak arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(unsigned long offset) { return !offset; } /** * kprobe_on_func_entry() -- check whether given address is function entry * @addr: Target address * @sym: Target symbol name * @offset: The offset from the symbol or the address * * This checks whether the given @addr+@offset or @sym+@offset is on the * function entry address or not. * This returns 0 if it is the function entry, or -EINVAL if it is not. * And also it returns -ENOENT if it fails the symbol or address lookup. * Caller must pass @addr or @sym (either one must be NULL), or this * returns -EINVAL. */ int kprobe_on_func_entry(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *sym, unsigned long offset) { kprobe_opcode_t *kp_addr = _kprobe_addr(addr, sym, offset); if (IS_ERR(kp_addr)) return PTR_ERR(kp_addr); if (!kallsyms_lookup_size_offset((unsigned long)kp_addr, NULL, &offset)) return -ENOENT; if (!arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(offset)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { int ret; struct kretprobe_instance *inst; int i; void *addr; ret = kprobe_on_func_entry(rp->kp.addr, rp->kp.symbol_name, rp->kp.offset); if (ret) return ret; /* If only rp->kp.addr is specified, check reregistering kprobes */ if (rp->kp.addr && check_kprobe_rereg(&rp->kp)) return -EINVAL; if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { addr = kprobe_addr(&rp->kp); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { if (kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr == addr) return -EINVAL; } } if (rp->data_size > KRETPROBE_MAX_DATA_SIZE) return -E2BIG; rp->kp.pre_handler = pre_handler_kretprobe; rp->kp.post_handler = NULL; rp->kp.fault_handler = NULL; /* Pre-allocate memory for max kretprobe instances */ if (rp->maxactive <= 0) { #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION rp->maxactive = max_t(unsigned int, 10, 2*num_possible_cpus()); #else rp->maxactive = num_possible_cpus(); #endif } raw_spin_lock_init(&rp->lock); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&rp->free_instances); for (i = 0; i < rp->maxactive; i++) { inst = kmalloc(sizeof(struct kretprobe_instance) + rp->data_size, GFP_KERNEL); if (inst == NULL) { free_rp_inst(rp); return -ENOMEM; } INIT_HLIST_NODE(&inst->hlist); hlist_add_head(&inst->hlist, &rp->free_instances); } rp->nmissed = 0; /* Establish function entry probe point */ ret = register_kprobe(&rp->kp); if (ret != 0) free_rp_inst(rp); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int ret = 0, i; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kretprobe(rps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kretprobes(rps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { unregister_kretprobes(&rp, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(&rps[i]->kp) < 0) rps[i]->kp.addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { if (rps[i]->kp.addr) { __unregister_kprobe_bottom(&rps[i]->kp); cleanup_rp_inst(rps[i]); } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); #else /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); #endif /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ /* Set the kprobe gone and remove its instruction buffer. */ static void kill_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(kprobe_gone(p))) return; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { /* * If this is an aggr_kprobe, we have to list all the * chained probes and mark them GONE. */ list_for_each_entry(kp, &p->list, list) kp->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; p->post_handler = NULL; kill_optimized_kprobe(p); } /* * Here, we can remove insn_slot safely, because no thread calls * the original probed function (which will be freed soon) any more. */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); /* * The module is going away. We should disarm the kprobe which * is using ftrace, because ftrace framework is still available at * MODULE_STATE_GOING notification. */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Disable one kprobe */ int disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Disable this kprobe */ p = __disable_kprobe(kp); if (IS_ERR(p)) ret = PTR_ERR(p); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(disable_kprobe); /* Enable one kprobe */ int enable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Check whether specified probe is valid. */ p = __get_valid_kprobe(kp); if (unlikely(p == NULL)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(kp)) { /* This kprobe has gone, we couldn't enable it. */ ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (p != kp) kp->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && kprobe_disabled(p)) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(enable_kprobe); /* Caller must NOT call this in usual path. This is only for critical case */ void dump_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { pr_err("Dumping kprobe:\n"); pr_err("Name: %s\nOffset: %x\nAddress: %pS\n", kp->symbol_name, kp->offset, kp->addr); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(dump_kprobe); int kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; unsigned long offset = 0, size = 0; if (!kernel_text_address(entry) || !kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(entry, &size, &offset)) return -EINVAL; ent = kmalloc(sizeof(*ent), GFP_KERNEL); if (!ent) return -ENOMEM; ent->start_addr = entry; ent->end_addr = entry + size; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ent->list); list_add_tail(&ent->list, &kprobe_blacklist); return (int)size; } /* Add all symbols in given area into kprobe blacklist */ int kprobe_add_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long entry; int ret = 0; for (entry = start; entry < end; entry += ret) { ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret == 0) /* In case of alias symbol */ ret = 1; } return 0; } /* Remove all symbols in given area from kprobe blacklist */ static void kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent, *n; list_for_each_entry_safe(ent, n, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (ent->start_addr < start || ent->start_addr >= end) continue; list_del(&ent->list); kfree(ent); } } static void kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(entry, entry + 1); } int __weak arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { return -ERANGE; } int kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_insn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_optinsn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #endif #endif if (!arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(&symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; return -ERANGE; } int __init __weak arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(void) { return 0; } /* * Lookup and populate the kprobe_blacklist. * * Unlike the kretprobe blacklist, we'll need to determine * the range of addresses that belong to the said functions, * since a kprobe need not necessarily be at the beginning * of a function. */ static int __init populate_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long *start, unsigned long *end) { unsigned long entry; unsigned long *iter; int ret; for (iter = start; iter < end; iter++) { entry = arch_deref_entry_point((void *)*iter); ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret == -EINVAL) continue; if (ret < 0) return ret; } /* Symbols in __kprobes_text are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start, (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end); if (ret) return ret; /* Symbols in noinstr section are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__noinstr_text_start, (unsigned long)__noinstr_text_end); return ret ? : arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(); } static void add_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } } static void remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } } /* Module notifier call back, checking kprobes on the module */ static int kprobes_module_callback(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val, void *data) { struct module *mod = data; struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; int checkcore = (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING); if (val == MODULE_STATE_COMING) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); add_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } if (val != MODULE_STATE_GOING && val != MODULE_STATE_LIVE) return NOTIFY_DONE; /* * When MODULE_STATE_GOING was notified, both of module .text and * .init.text sections would be freed. When MODULE_STATE_LIVE was * notified, only .init.text section would be freed. We need to * disable kprobes which have been inserted in the sections. */ mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (kprobe_gone(p)) continue; if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, mod) || (checkcore && within_module_core((unsigned long)p->addr, mod))) { /* * The vaddr this probe is installed will soon * be vfreed buy not synced to disk. Hence, * disarming the breakpoint isn't needed. * * Note, this will also move any optimized probes * that are pending to be removed from their * corresponding lists to the freeing_list and * will not be touched by the delayed * kprobe_optimizer work handler. */ kill_kprobe(p); } } } if (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING) remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return NOTIFY_DONE; } static struct notifier_block kprobe_module_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobes_module_callback, .priority = 0 }; /* Markers of _kprobe_blacklist section */ extern unsigned long __start_kprobe_blacklist[]; extern unsigned long __stop_kprobe_blacklist[]; void kprobe_free_init_mem(void) { void *start = (void *)(&__init_begin); void *end = (void *)(&__init_end); struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Kill all kprobes on initmem */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (start <= (void *)p->addr && (void *)p->addr < end) kill_kprobe(p); } } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static int __init init_kprobes(void) { int i, err = 0; /* FIXME allocate the probe table, currently defined statically */ /* initialize all list heads */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kprobe_table[i]); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kretprobe_inst_table[i]); raw_spin_lock_init(&(kretprobe_table_locks[i].lock)); } err = populate_kprobe_blacklist(__start_kprobe_blacklist, __stop_kprobe_blacklist); if (err) { pr_err("kprobes: failed to populate blacklist: %d\n", err); pr_err("Please take care of using kprobes.\n"); } if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { /* lookup the function address from its name */ for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr = kprobe_lookup_name(kretprobe_blacklist[i].name, 0); if (!kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr) printk("kretprobe: lookup failed: %s\n", kretprobe_blacklist[i].name); } } /* By default, kprobes are armed */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) && defined(__ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT) /* Init kprobe_optinsn_slots for allocation */ kprobe_optinsn_slots.insn_size = MAX_OPTINSN_SIZE; #endif err = arch_init_kprobes(); if (!err) err = register_die_notifier(&kprobe_exceptions_nb); if (!err) err = register_module_notifier(&kprobe_module_nb); kprobes_initialized = (err == 0); if (!err) init_test_probes(); return err; } early_initcall(init_kprobes); #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) static int __init init_optprobes(void) { /* * Enable kprobe optimization - this kicks the optimizer which * depends on synchronize_rcu_tasks() and ksoftirqd, that is * not spawned in early initcall. So delay the optimization. */ optimize_all_kprobes(); return 0; } subsys_initcall(init_optprobes); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static void report_probe(struct seq_file *pi, struct kprobe *p, const char *sym, int offset, char *modname, struct kprobe *pp) { char *kprobe_type; void *addr = p->addr; if (p->pre_handler == pre_handler_kretprobe) kprobe_type = "r"; else kprobe_type = "k"; if (!kallsyms_show_value(pi->file->f_cred)) addr = NULL; if (sym) seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %s+0x%x %s ", addr, kprobe_type, sym, offset, (modname ? modname : " ")); else /* try to use %pS */ seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %pS ", addr, kprobe_type, p->addr); if (!pp) pp = p; seq_printf(pi, "%s%s%s%s\n", (kprobe_gone(p) ? "[GONE]" : ""), ((kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobe_gone(p)) ? "[DISABLED]" : ""), (kprobe_optimized(pp) ? "[OPTIMIZED]" : ""), (kprobe_ftrace(pp) ? "[FTRACE]" : "")); } static void *kprobe_seq_start(struct seq_file *f, loff_t *pos) { return (*pos < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) ? pos : NULL; } static void *kprobe_seq_next(struct seq_file *f, void *v, loff_t *pos) { (*pos)++; if (*pos >= KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) return NULL; return pos; } static void kprobe_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { /* Nothing to do */ } static int show_kprobe_addr(struct seq_file *pi, void *v) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p, *kp; const char *sym = NULL; unsigned int i = *(loff_t *) v; unsigned long offset = 0; char *modname, namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN]; head = &kprobe_table[i]; preempt_disable(); hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist) { sym = kallsyms_lookup((unsigned long)p->addr, NULL, &offset, &modname, namebuf); if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) report_probe(pi, kp, sym, offset, modname, p); } else report_probe(pi, p, sym, offset, modname, NULL); } preempt_enable(); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations kprobes_sops = { .start = kprobe_seq_start, .next = kprobe_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_seq_stop, .show = show_kprobe_addr }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobes); /* kprobes/blacklist -- shows which functions can not be probed */ static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); return seq_list_start(&kprobe_blacklist, *pos); } static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { return seq_list_next(v, &kprobe_blacklist, pos); } static int kprobe_blacklist_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent = list_entry(v, struct kprobe_blacklist_entry, list); /* * If /proc/kallsyms is not showing kernel address, we won't * show them here either. */ if (!kallsyms_show_value(m->file->f_cred)) seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", NULL, NULL, (void *)ent->start_addr); else seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", (void *)ent->start_addr, (void *)ent->end_addr, (void *)ent->start_addr); return 0; } static void kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static const struct seq_operations kprobe_blacklist_sops = { .start = kprobe_blacklist_seq_start, .next = kprobe_blacklist_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop, .show = kprobe_blacklist_seq_show, }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobe_blacklist); static int arm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are armed, just return */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) goto already_enabled; /* * optimize_kprobe() called by arm_kprobe() checks * kprobes_all_disarmed, so set kprobes_all_disarmed before * arm_kprobe. */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; /* Arming kprobes doesn't optimize kprobe itself */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Arm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = arm_kprobe(p); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally enabled, but failed to arm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally enabled\n"); already_enabled: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } static int disarm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are already disarmed, just return */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return 0; } kprobes_all_disarmed = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Disarm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!arch_trampoline_kprobe(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = disarm_kprobe(p, false); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally disabled, but failed to disarm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally disabled\n"); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for disarming all kprobes by optimizer */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); return ret; } /* * XXX: The debugfs bool file interface doesn't allow for callbacks * when the bool state is switched. We can reuse that facility when * available */ static ssize_t read_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[3]; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) buf[0] = '1'; else buf[0] = '0'; buf[1] = '\n'; buf[2] = 0x00; return simple_read_from_buffer(user_buf, count, ppos, buf, 2); } static ssize_t write_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, const char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[32]; size_t buf_size; int ret = 0; buf_size = min(count, (sizeof(buf)-1)); if (copy_from_user(buf, user_buf, buf_size)) return -EFAULT; buf[buf_size] = '\0'; switch (buf[0]) { case 'y': case 'Y': case '1': ret = arm_all_kprobes(); break; case 'n': case 'N': case '0': ret = disarm_all_kprobes(); break; default: return -EINVAL; } if (ret) return ret; return count; } static const struct file_operations fops_kp = { .read = read_enabled_file_bool, .write = write_enabled_file_bool, .llseek = default_llseek, }; static int __init debugfs_kprobe_init(void) { struct dentry *dir; dir = debugfs_create_dir("kprobes", NULL); debugfs_create_file("list", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobes_fops); debugfs_create_file("enabled", 0600, dir, NULL, &fops_kp); debugfs_create_file("blacklist", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobe_blacklist_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(debugfs_kprobe_init); #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_FS */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Macros for manipulating and testing page->flags */ #ifndef PAGE_FLAGS_H #define PAGE_FLAGS_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <generated/bounds.h> #endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS_H */ /* * Various page->flags bits: * * PG_reserved is set for special pages. The "struct page" of such a page * should in general not be touched (e.g. set dirty) except by its owner. * Pages marked as PG_reserved include: * - Pages part of the kernel image (including vDSO) and similar (e.g. BIOS, * initrd, HW tables) * - Pages reserved or allocated early during boot (before the page allocator * was initialized). This includes (depending on the architecture) the * initial vmemmap, initial page tables, crashkernel, elfcorehdr, and much * much more. Once (if ever) freed, PG_reserved is cleared and they will * be given to the page allocator. * - Pages falling into physical memory gaps - not IORESOURCE_SYSRAM. Trying * to read/write these pages might end badly. Don't touch! * - The zero page(s) * - Pages not added to the page allocator when onlining a section because * they were excluded via the online_page_callback() or because they are * PG_hwpoison. * - Pages allocated in the context of kexec/kdump (loaded kernel image, * control pages, vmcoreinfo) * - MMIO/DMA pages. Some architectures don't allow to ioremap pages that are * not marked PG_reserved (as they might be in use by somebody else who does * not respect the caching strategy). * - Pages part of an offline section (struct pages of offline sections should * not be trusted as they will be initialized when first onlined). * - MCA pages on ia64 * - Pages holding CPU notes for POWER Firmware Assisted Dump * - Device memory (e.g. PMEM, DAX, HMM) * Some PG_reserved pages will be excluded from the hibernation image. * PG_reserved does in general not hinder anybody from dumping or swapping * and is no longer required for remap_pfn_range(). ioremap might require it. * Consequently, PG_reserved for a page mapped into user space can indicate * the zero page, the vDSO, MMIO pages or device memory. * * The PG_private bitflag is set on pagecache pages if they contain filesystem * specific data (which is normally at page->private). It can be used by * private allocations for its own usage. * * During initiation of disk I/O, PG_locked is set. This bit is set before I/O * and cleared when writeback _starts_ or when read _completes_. PG_writeback * is set before writeback starts and cleared when it finishes. * * PG_locked also pins a page in pagecache, and blocks truncation of the file * while it is held. * * page_waitqueue(page) is a wait queue of all tasks waiting for the page * to become unlocked. * * PG_swapbacked is set when a page uses swap as a backing storage. This are * usually PageAnon or shmem pages but please note that even anonymous pages * might lose their PG_swapbacked flag when they simply can be dropped (e.g. as * a result of MADV_FREE). * * PG_uptodate tells whether the page's contents is valid. When a read * completes, the page becomes uptodate, unless a disk I/O error happened. * * PG_referenced, PG_reclaim are used for page reclaim for anonymous and * file-backed pagecache (see mm/vmscan.c). * * PG_error is set to indicate that an I/O error occurred on this page. * * PG_arch_1 is an architecture specific page state bit. The generic code * guarantees that this bit is cleared for a page when it first is entered into * the page cache. * * PG_hwpoison indicates that a page got corrupted in hardware and contains * data with incorrect ECC bits that triggered a machine check. Accessing is * not safe since it may cause another machine check. Don't touch! */ /* * Don't use the *_dontuse flags. Use the macros. Otherwise you'll break * locked- and dirty-page accounting. * * The page flags field is split into two parts, the main flags area * which extends from the low bits upwards, and the fields area which * extends from the high bits downwards. * * | FIELD | ... | FLAGS | * N-1 ^ 0 * (NR_PAGEFLAGS) * * The fields area is reserved for fields mapping zone, node (for NUMA) and * SPARSEMEM section (for variants of SPARSEMEM that require section ids like * SPARSEMEM_EXTREME with !SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP). */ enum pageflags { PG_locked, /* Page is locked. Don't touch. */ PG_referenced, PG_uptodate, PG_dirty, PG_lru, PG_active, PG_workingset, PG_waiters, /* Page has waiters, check its waitqueue. Must be bit #7 and in the same byte as "PG_locked" */ PG_error, PG_slab, PG_owner_priv_1, /* Owner use. If pagecache, fs may use*/ PG_arch_1, PG_reserved, PG_private, /* If pagecache, has fs-private data */ PG_private_2, /* If pagecache, has fs aux data */ PG_writeback, /* Page is under writeback */ PG_head, /* A head page */ PG_mappedtodisk, /* Has blocks allocated on-disk */ PG_reclaim, /* To be reclaimed asap */ PG_swapbacked, /* Page is backed by RAM/swap */ PG_unevictable, /* Page is "unevictable" */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU PG_mlocked, /* Page is vma mlocked */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_PG_UNCACHED PG_uncached, /* Page has been mapped as uncached */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE PG_hwpoison, /* hardware poisoned page. Don't touch */ #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IDLE_PAGE_TRACKING) && defined(CONFIG_64BIT) PG_young, PG_idle, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT PG_arch_2, #endif __NR_PAGEFLAGS, /* Filesystems */ PG_checked = PG_owner_priv_1, /* SwapBacked */ PG_swapcache = PG_owner_priv_1, /* Swap page: swp_entry_t in private */ /* Two page bits are conscripted by FS-Cache to maintain local caching * state. These bits are set on pages belonging to the netfs's inodes * when those inodes are being locally cached. */ PG_fscache = PG_private_2, /* page backed by cache */ /* XEN */ /* Pinned in Xen as a read-only pagetable page. */ PG_pinned = PG_owner_priv_1, /* Pinned as part of domain save (see xen_mm_pin_all()). */ PG_savepinned = PG_dirty, /* Has a grant mapping of another (foreign) domain's page. */ PG_foreign = PG_owner_priv_1, /* Remapped by swiotlb-xen. */ PG_xen_remapped = PG_owner_priv_1, /* SLOB */ PG_slob_free = PG_private, /* Compound pages. Stored in first tail page's flags */ PG_double_map = PG_workingset, /* non-lru isolated movable page */ PG_isolated = PG_reclaim, /* Only valid for buddy pages. Used to track pages that are reported */ PG_reported = PG_uptodate, }; #ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H struct page; /* forward declaration */ static inline struct page *compound_head(struct page *page) { unsigned long head = READ_ONCE(page->compound_head); if (unlikely(head & 1)) return (struct page *) (head - 1); return page; } static __always_inline int PageTail(struct page *page) { return READ_ONCE(page->compound_head) & 1; } static __always_inline int PageCompound(struct page *page) { return test_bit(PG_head, &page->flags) || PageTail(page); } #define PAGE_POISON_PATTERN -1l static inline int PagePoisoned(const struct page *page) { return page->flags == PAGE_POISON_PATTERN; } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM void page_init_poison(struct page *page, size_t size); #else static inline void page_init_poison(struct page *page, size_t size) { } #endif /* * Page flags policies wrt compound pages * * PF_POISONED_CHECK * check if this struct page poisoned/uninitialized * * PF_ANY: * the page flag is relevant for small, head and tail pages. * * PF_HEAD: * for compound page all operations related to the page flag applied to * head page. * * PF_ONLY_HEAD: * for compound page, callers only ever operate on the head page. * * PF_NO_TAIL: * modifications of the page flag must be done on small or head pages, * checks can be done on tail pages too. * * PF_NO_COMPOUND: * the page flag is not relevant for compound pages. * * PF_SECOND: * the page flag is stored in the first tail page. */ #define PF_POISONED_CHECK(page) ({ \ VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PagePoisoned(page), page); \ page; }) #define PF_ANY(page, enforce) PF_POISONED_CHECK(page) #define PF_HEAD(page, enforce) PF_POISONED_CHECK(compound_head(page)) #define PF_ONLY_HEAD(page, enforce) ({ \ VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); \ PF_POISONED_CHECK(page); }) #define PF_NO_TAIL(page, enforce) ({ \ VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(enforce && PageTail(page), page); \ PF_POISONED_CHECK(compound_head(page)); }) #define PF_NO_COMPOUND(page, enforce) ({ \ VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(enforce && PageCompound(page), page); \ PF_POISONED_CHECK(page); }) #define PF_SECOND(page, enforce) ({ \ VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(!PageHead(page), page); \ PF_POISONED_CHECK(&page[1]); }) /* * Macros to create function definitions for page flags */ #define TESTPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline int Page##uname(struct page *page) \ { return test_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 0)->flags); } #define SETPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline void SetPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { set_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define CLEARPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline void ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { clear_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define __SETPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline void __SetPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { __set_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define __CLEARPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline void __ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { __clear_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define TESTSETFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline int TestSetPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { return test_and_set_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define TESTCLEARFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ static __always_inline int TestClearPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { return test_and_clear_bit(PG_##lname, &policy(page, 1)->flags); } #define PAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ TESTPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ SETPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ CLEARPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) #define __PAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ TESTPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ __SETPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ __CLEARPAGEFLAG(uname, lname, policy) #define TESTSCFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ TESTSETFLAG(uname, lname, policy) \ TESTCLEARFLAG(uname, lname, policy) #define TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(uname) \ static inline int Page##uname(const struct page *page) { return 0; } #define SETPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname) \ static inline void SetPage##uname(struct page *page) { } #define CLEARPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname) \ static inline void ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) { } #define __CLEARPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname) \ static inline void __ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) { } #define TESTSETFLAG_FALSE(uname) \ static inline int TestSetPage##uname(struct page *page) { return 0; } #define TESTCLEARFLAG_FALSE(uname) \ static inline int TestClearPage##uname(struct page *page) { return 0; } #define PAGEFLAG_FALSE(uname) TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(uname) \ SETPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname) CLEARPAGEFLAG_NOOP(uname) #define TESTSCFLAG_FALSE(uname) \ TESTSETFLAG_FALSE(uname) TESTCLEARFLAG_FALSE(uname) __PAGEFLAG(Locked, locked, PF_NO_TAIL) PAGEFLAG(Waiters, waiters, PF_ONLY_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Waiters, waiters, PF_ONLY_HEAD) PAGEFLAG(Error, error, PF_NO_TAIL) TESTCLEARFLAG(Error, error, PF_NO_TAIL) PAGEFLAG(Referenced, referenced, PF_HEAD) TESTCLEARFLAG(Referenced, referenced, PF_HEAD) __SETPAGEFLAG(Referenced, referenced, PF_HEAD) PAGEFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD) TESTSCFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Dirty, dirty, PF_HEAD) PAGEFLAG(LRU, lru, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(LRU, lru, PF_HEAD) PAGEFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD) TESTCLEARFLAG(Active, active, PF_HEAD) PAGEFLAG(Workingset, workingset, PF_HEAD) TESTCLEARFLAG(Workingset, workingset, PF_HEAD) __PAGEFLAG(Slab, slab, PF_NO_TAIL) __PAGEFLAG(SlobFree, slob_free, PF_NO_TAIL) PAGEFLAG(Checked, checked, PF_NO_COMPOUND) /* Used by some filesystems */ /* Xen */ PAGEFLAG(Pinned, pinned, PF_NO_COMPOUND) TESTSCFLAG(Pinned, pinned, PF_NO_COMPOUND) PAGEFLAG(SavePinned, savepinned, PF_NO_COMPOUND); PAGEFLAG(Foreign, foreign, PF_NO_COMPOUND); PAGEFLAG(XenRemapped, xen_remapped, PF_NO_COMPOUND) TESTCLEARFLAG(XenRemapped, xen_remapped, PF_NO_COMPOUND) PAGEFLAG(Reserved, reserved, PF_NO_COMPOUND) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Reserved, reserved, PF_NO_COMPOUND) __SETPAGEFLAG(Reserved, reserved, PF_NO_COMPOUND) PAGEFLAG(SwapBacked, swapbacked, PF_NO_TAIL) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(SwapBacked, swapbacked, PF_NO_TAIL) __SETPAGEFLAG(SwapBacked, swapbacked, PF_NO_TAIL) /* * Private page markings that may be used by the filesystem that owns the page * for its own purposes. * - PG_private and PG_private_2 cause releasepage() and co to be invoked */ PAGEFLAG(Private, private, PF_ANY) __SETPAGEFLAG(Private, private, PF_ANY) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Private, private, PF_ANY) PAGEFLAG(Private2, private_2, PF_ANY) TESTSCFLAG(Private2, private_2, PF_ANY) PAGEFLAG(OwnerPriv1, owner_priv_1, PF_ANY) TESTCLEARFLAG(OwnerPriv1, owner_priv_1, PF_ANY) /* * Only test-and-set exist for PG_writeback. The unconditional operators are * risky: they bypass page accounting. */ TESTPAGEFLAG(Writeback, writeback, PF_NO_TAIL) TESTSCFLAG(Writeback, writeback, PF_NO_TAIL) PAGEFLAG(MappedToDisk, mappedtodisk, PF_NO_TAIL) /* PG_readahead is only used for reads; PG_reclaim is only for writes */ PAGEFLAG(Reclaim, reclaim, PF_NO_TAIL) TESTCLEARFLAG(Reclaim, reclaim, PF_NO_TAIL) PAGEFLAG(Readahead, reclaim, PF_NO_COMPOUND) TESTCLEARFLAG(Readahead, reclaim, PF_NO_COMPOUND) #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * Must use a macro here due to header dependency issues. page_zone() is not * available at this point. */ #define PageHighMem(__p) is_highmem_idx(page_zonenum(__p)) #else PAGEFLAG_FALSE(HighMem) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SWAP static __always_inline int PageSwapCache(struct page *page) { #ifdef CONFIG_THP_SWAP page = compound_head(page); #endif return PageSwapBacked(page) && test_bit(PG_swapcache, &page->flags); } SETPAGEFLAG(SwapCache, swapcache, PF_NO_TAIL) CLEARPAGEFLAG(SwapCache, swapcache, PF_NO_TAIL) #else PAGEFLAG_FALSE(SwapCache) #endif PAGEFLAG(Unevictable, unevictable, PF_HEAD) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Unevictable, unevictable, PF_HEAD) TESTCLEARFLAG(Unevictable, unevictable, PF_HEAD) #ifdef CONFIG_MMU PAGEFLAG(Mlocked, mlocked, PF_NO_TAIL) __CLEARPAGEFLAG(Mlocked, mlocked, PF_NO_TAIL) TESTSCFLAG(Mlocked, mlocked, PF_NO_TAIL) #else PAGEFLAG_FALSE(Mlocked) __CLEARPAGEFLAG_NOOP(Mlocked) TESTSCFLAG_FALSE(Mlocked) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_PG_UNCACHED PAGEFLAG(Uncached, uncached, PF_NO_COMPOUND) #else PAGEFLAG_FALSE(Uncached) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE PAGEFLAG(HWPoison, hwpoison, PF_ANY) TESTSCFLAG(HWPoison, hwpoison, PF_ANY) #define __PG_HWPOISON (1UL << PG_hwpoison) extern bool take_page_off_buddy(struct page *page); #else PAGEFLAG_FALSE(HWPoison) #define __PG_HWPOISON 0 #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IDLE_PAGE_TRACKING) && defined(CONFIG_64BIT) TESTPAGEFLAG(Young, young, PF_ANY) SETPAGEFLAG(Young, young, PF_ANY) TESTCLEARFLAG(Young, young, PF_ANY) PAGEFLAG(Idle, idle, PF_ANY) #endif /* * PageReported() is used to track reported free pages within the Buddy * allocator. We can use the non-atomic version of the test and set * operations as both should be shielded with the zone lock to prevent * any possible races on the setting or clearing of the bit. */ __PAGEFLAG(Reported, reported, PF_NO_COMPOUND) /* * On an anonymous page mapped into a user virtual memory area, * page->mapping points to its anon_vma, not to a struct address_space; * with the PAGE_MAPPING_ANON bit set to distinguish it. See rmap.h. * * On an anonymous page in a VM_MERGEABLE area, if CONFIG_KSM is enabled, * the PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE bit may be set along with the PAGE_MAPPING_ANON * bit; and then page->mapping points, not to an anon_vma, but to a private * structure which KSM associates with that merged page. See ksm.h. * * PAGE_MAPPING_KSM without PAGE_MAPPING_ANON is used for non-lru movable * page and then page->mapping points a struct address_space. * * Please note that, confusingly, "page_mapping" refers to the inode * address_space which maps the page from disk; whereas "page_mapped" * refers to user virtual address space into which the page is mapped. */ #define PAGE_MAPPING_ANON 0x1 #define PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE 0x2 #define PAGE_MAPPING_KSM (PAGE_MAPPING_ANON | PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE) #define PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS (PAGE_MAPPING_ANON | PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE) static __always_inline int PageMappingFlags(struct page *page) { return ((unsigned long)page->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) != 0; } static __always_inline int PageAnon(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); return ((unsigned long)page->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_ANON) != 0; } static __always_inline int __PageMovable(struct page *page) { return ((unsigned long)page->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) == PAGE_MAPPING_MOVABLE; } #ifdef CONFIG_KSM /* * A KSM page is one of those write-protected "shared pages" or "merged pages" * which KSM maps into multiple mms, wherever identical anonymous page content * is found in VM_MERGEABLE vmas. It's a PageAnon page, pointing not to any * anon_vma, but to that page's node of the stable tree. */ static __always_inline int PageKsm(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); return ((unsigned long)page->mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) == PAGE_MAPPING_KSM; } #else TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(Ksm) #endif u64 stable_page_flags(struct page *page); static inline int PageUptodate(struct page *page) { int ret; page = compound_head(page); ret = test_bit(PG_uptodate, &(page)->flags); /* * Must ensure that the data we read out of the page is loaded * _after_ we've loaded page->flags to check for PageUptodate. * We can skip the barrier if the page is not uptodate, because * we wouldn't be reading anything from it. * * See SetPageUptodate() for the other side of the story. */ if (ret) smp_rmb(); return ret; } static __always_inline void __SetPageUptodate(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); smp_wmb(); __set_bit(PG_uptodate, &page->flags); } static __always_inline void SetPageUptodate(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); /* * Memory barrier must be issued before setting the PG_uptodate bit, * so that all previous stores issued in order to bring the page * uptodate are actually visible before PageUptodate becomes true. */ smp_wmb(); set_bit(PG_uptodate, &page->flags); } CLEARPAGEFLAG(Uptodate, uptodate, PF_NO_TAIL) int test_clear_page_writeback(struct page *page); int __test_set_page_writeback(struct page *page, bool keep_write); #define test_set_page_writeback(page) \ __test_set_page_writeback(page, false) #define test_set_page_writeback_keepwrite(page) \ __test_set_page_writeback(page, true) static inline void set_page_writeback(struct page *page) { test_set_page_writeback(page); } static inline void set_page_writeback_keepwrite(struct page *page) { test_set_page_writeback_keepwrite(page); } __PAGEFLAG(Head, head, PF_ANY) CLEARPAGEFLAG(Head, head, PF_ANY) static __always_inline void set_compound_head(struct page *page, struct page *head) { WRITE_ONCE(page->compound_head, (unsigned long)head + 1); } static __always_inline void clear_compound_head(struct page *page) { WRITE_ONCE(page->compound_head, 0); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline void ClearPageCompound(struct page *page) { BUG_ON(!PageHead(page)); ClearPageHead(page); } #endif #define PG_head_mask ((1UL << PG_head)) #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE int PageHuge(struct page *page); int PageHeadHuge(struct page *page); bool page_huge_active(struct page *page); #else TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(Huge) TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(HeadHuge) static inline bool page_huge_active(struct page *page) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* * PageHuge() only returns true for hugetlbfs pages, but not for * normal or transparent huge pages. * * PageTransHuge() returns true for both transparent huge and * hugetlbfs pages, but not normal pages. PageTransHuge() can only be * called only in the core VM paths where hugetlbfs pages can't exist. */ static inline int PageTransHuge(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageTail(page), page); return PageHead(page); } /* * PageTransCompound returns true for both transparent huge pages * and hugetlbfs pages, so it should only be called when it's known * that hugetlbfs pages aren't involved. */ static inline int PageTransCompound(struct page *page) { return PageCompound(page); } /* * PageTransCompoundMap is the same as PageTransCompound, but it also * guarantees the primary MMU has the entire compound page mapped * through pmd_trans_huge, which in turn guarantees the secondary MMUs * can also map the entire compound page. This allows the secondary * MMUs to call get_user_pages() only once for each compound page and * to immediately map the entire compound page with a single secondary * MMU fault. If there will be a pmd split later, the secondary MMUs * will get an update through the MMU notifier invalidation through * split_huge_pmd(). * * Unlike PageTransCompound, this is safe to be called only while * split_huge_pmd() cannot run from under us, like if protected by the * MMU notifier, otherwise it may result in page->_mapcount check false * positives. * * We have to treat page cache THP differently since every subpage of it * would get _mapcount inc'ed once it is PMD mapped. But, it may be PTE * mapped in the current process so comparing subpage's _mapcount to * compound_mapcount to filter out PTE mapped case. */ static inline int PageTransCompoundMap(struct page *page) { struct page *head; if (!PageTransCompound(page)) return 0; if (PageAnon(page)) return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) < 0; head = compound_head(page); /* File THP is PMD mapped and not PTE mapped */ return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) == atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(head)); } /* * PageTransTail returns true for both transparent huge pages * and hugetlbfs pages, so it should only be called when it's known * that hugetlbfs pages aren't involved. */ static inline int PageTransTail(struct page *page) { return PageTail(page); } /* * PageDoubleMap indicates that the compound page is mapped with PTEs as well * as PMDs. * * This is required for optimization of rmap operations for THP: we can postpone * per small page mapcount accounting (and its overhead from atomic operations) * until the first PMD split. * * For the page PageDoubleMap means ->_mapcount in all sub-pages is offset up * by one. This reference will go away with last compound_mapcount. * * See also __split_huge_pmd_locked() and page_remove_anon_compound_rmap(). */ PAGEFLAG(DoubleMap, double_map, PF_SECOND) TESTSCFLAG(DoubleMap, double_map, PF_SECOND) #else TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(TransHuge) TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(TransCompound) TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(TransCompoundMap) TESTPAGEFLAG_FALSE(TransTail) PAGEFLAG_FALSE(DoubleMap) TESTSCFLAG_FALSE(DoubleMap) #endif /* * For pages that are never mapped to userspace (and aren't PageSlab), * page_type may be used. Because it is initialised to -1, we invert the * sense of the bit, so __SetPageFoo *clears* the bit used for PageFoo, and * __ClearPageFoo *sets* the bit used for PageFoo. We reserve a few high and * low bits so that an underflow or overflow of page_mapcount() won't be * mistaken for a page type value. */ #define PAGE_TYPE_BASE 0xf0000000 /* Reserve 0x0000007f to catch underflows of page_mapcount */ #define PAGE_MAPCOUNT_RESERVE -128 #define PG_buddy 0x00000080 #define PG_offline 0x00000100 #define PG_kmemcg 0x00000200 #define PG_table 0x00000400 #define PG_guard 0x00000800 #define PageType(page, flag) \ ((page->page_type & (PAGE_TYPE_BASE | flag)) == PAGE_TYPE_BASE) static inline int page_has_type(struct page *page) { return (int)page->page_type < PAGE_MAPCOUNT_RESERVE; } #define PAGE_TYPE_OPS(uname, lname) \ static __always_inline int Page##uname(struct page *page) \ { \ return PageType(page, PG_##lname); \ } \ static __always_inline void __SetPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { \ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageType(page, 0), page); \ page->page_type &= ~PG_##lname; \ } \ static __always_inline void __ClearPage##uname(struct page *page) \ { \ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!Page##uname(page), page); \ page->page_type |= PG_##lname; \ } /* * PageBuddy() indicates that the page is free and in the buddy system * (see mm/page_alloc.c). */ PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Buddy, buddy) /* * PageOffline() indicates that the page is logically offline although the * containing section is online. (e.g. inflated in a balloon driver or * not onlined when onlining the section). * The content of these pages is effectively stale. Such pages should not * be touched (read/write/dump/save) except by their owner. * * If a driver wants to allow to offline unmovable PageOffline() pages without * putting them back to the buddy, it can do so via the memory notifier by * decrementing the reference count in MEM_GOING_OFFLINE and incrementing the * reference count in MEM_CANCEL_OFFLINE. When offlining, the PageOffline() * pages (now with a reference count of zero) are treated like free pages, * allowing the containing memory block to get offlined. A driver that * relies on this feature is aware that re-onlining the memory block will * require to re-set the pages PageOffline() and not giving them to the * buddy via online_page_callback_t. */ PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Offline, offline) /* * If kmemcg is enabled, the buddy allocator will set PageKmemcg() on * pages allocated with __GFP_ACCOUNT. It gets cleared on page free. */ PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Kmemcg, kmemcg) /* * Marks pages in use as page tables. */ PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Table, table) /* * Marks guardpages used with debug_pagealloc. */ PAGE_TYPE_OPS(Guard, guard) extern bool is_free_buddy_page(struct page *page); __PAGEFLAG(Isolated, isolated, PF_ANY); /* * If network-based swap is enabled, sl*b must keep track of whether pages * were allocated from pfmemalloc reserves. */ static inline int PageSlabPfmemalloc(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageSlab(page), page); return PageActive(page); } static inline void SetPageSlabPfmemalloc(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageSlab(page), page); SetPageActive(page); } static inline void __ClearPageSlabPfmemalloc(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageSlab(page), page); __ClearPageActive(page); } static inline void ClearPageSlabPfmemalloc(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageSlab(page), page); ClearPageActive(page); } #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define __PG_MLOCKED (1UL << PG_mlocked) #else #define __PG_MLOCKED 0 #endif /* * Flags checked when a page is freed. Pages being freed should not have * these flags set. It they are, there is a problem. */ #define PAGE_FLAGS_CHECK_AT_FREE \ (1UL << PG_lru | 1UL << PG_locked | \ 1UL << PG_private | 1UL << PG_private_2 | \ 1UL << PG_writeback | 1UL << PG_reserved | \ 1UL << PG_slab | 1UL << PG_active | \ 1UL << PG_unevictable | __PG_MLOCKED) /* * Flags checked when a page is prepped for return by the page allocator. * Pages being prepped should not have these flags set. It they are set, * there has been a kernel bug or struct page corruption. * * __PG_HWPOISON is exceptional because it needs to be kept beyond page's * alloc-free cycle to prevent from reusing the page. */ #define PAGE_FLAGS_CHECK_AT_PREP \ (((1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1) & ~__PG_HWPOISON) #define PAGE_FLAGS_PRIVATE \ (1UL << PG_private | 1UL << PG_private_2) /** * page_has_private - Determine if page has private stuff * @page: The page to be checked * * Determine if a page has private stuff, indicating that release routines * should be invoked upon it. */ static inline int page_has_private(struct page *page) { return !!(page->flags & PAGE_FLAGS_PRIVATE); } #undef PF_ANY #undef PF_HEAD #undef PF_ONLY_HEAD #undef PF_NO_TAIL #undef PF_NO_COMPOUND #undef PF_SECOND #endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS_H */ #endif /* PAGE_FLAGS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_INSN_H #define _ASM_X86_INSN_H /* * x86 instruction analysis * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2009 */ /* insn_attr_t is defined in inat.h */ #include <asm/inat.h> struct insn_field { union { insn_value_t value; insn_byte_t bytes[4]; }; /* !0 if we've run insn_get_xxx() for this field */ unsigned char got; unsigned char nbytes; }; struct insn { struct insn_field prefixes; /* * Prefixes * prefixes.bytes[3]: last prefix */ struct insn_field rex_prefix; /* REX prefix */ struct insn_field vex_prefix; /* VEX prefix */ struct insn_field opcode; /* * opcode.bytes[0]: opcode1 * opcode.bytes[1]: opcode2 * opcode.bytes[2]: opcode3 */ struct insn_field modrm; struct insn_field sib; struct insn_field displacement; union { struct insn_field immediate; struct insn_field moffset1; /* for 64bit MOV */ struct insn_field immediate1; /* for 64bit imm or off16/32 */ }; union { struct insn_field moffset2; /* for 64bit MOV */ struct insn_field immediate2; /* for 64bit imm or seg16 */ }; int emulate_prefix_size; insn_attr_t attr; unsigned char opnd_bytes; unsigned char addr_bytes; unsigned char length; unsigned char x86_64; const insn_byte_t *kaddr; /* kernel address of insn to analyze */ const insn_byte_t *end_kaddr; /* kernel address of last insn in buffer */ const insn_byte_t *next_byte; }; #define MAX_INSN_SIZE 15 #define X86_MODRM_MOD(modrm) (((modrm) & 0xc0) >> 6) #define X86_MODRM_REG(modrm) (((modrm) & 0x38) >> 3) #define X86_MODRM_RM(modrm) ((modrm) & 0x07) #define X86_SIB_SCALE(sib) (((sib) & 0xc0) >> 6) #define X86_SIB_INDEX(sib) (((sib) & 0x38) >> 3) #define X86_SIB_BASE(sib) ((sib) & 0x07) #define X86_REX_W(rex) ((rex) & 8) #define X86_REX_R(rex) ((rex) & 4) #define X86_REX_X(rex) ((rex) & 2) #define X86_REX_B(rex) ((rex) & 1) /* VEX bit flags */ #define X86_VEX_W(vex) ((vex) & 0x80) /* VEX3 Byte2 */ #define X86_VEX_R(vex) ((vex) & 0x80) /* VEX2/3 Byte1 */ #define X86_VEX_X(vex) ((vex) & 0x40) /* VEX3 Byte1 */ #define X86_VEX_B(vex) ((vex) & 0x20) /* VEX3 Byte1 */ #define X86_VEX_L(vex) ((vex) & 0x04) /* VEX3 Byte2, VEX2 Byte1 */ /* VEX bit fields */ #define X86_EVEX_M(vex) ((vex) & 0x03) /* EVEX Byte1 */ #define X86_VEX3_M(vex) ((vex) & 0x1f) /* VEX3 Byte1 */ #define X86_VEX2_M 1 /* VEX2.M always 1 */ #define X86_VEX_V(vex) (((vex) & 0x78) >> 3) /* VEX3 Byte2, VEX2 Byte1 */ #define X86_VEX_P(vex) ((vex) & 0x03) /* VEX3 Byte2, VEX2 Byte1 */ #define X86_VEX_M_MAX 0x1f /* VEX3.M Maximum value */ extern void insn_init(struct insn *insn, const void *kaddr, int buf_len, int x86_64); extern void insn_get_prefixes(struct insn *insn); extern void insn_get_opcode(struct insn *insn); extern void insn_get_modrm(struct insn *insn); extern void insn_get_sib(struct insn *insn); extern void insn_get_displacement(struct insn *insn); extern void insn_get_immediate(struct insn *insn); extern void insn_get_length(struct insn *insn); /* Attribute will be determined after getting ModRM (for opcode groups) */ static inline void insn_get_attribute(struct insn *insn) { insn_get_modrm(insn); } /* Instruction uses RIP-relative addressing */ extern int insn_rip_relative(struct insn *insn); /* Init insn for kernel text */ static inline void kernel_insn_init(struct insn *insn, const void *kaddr, int buf_len) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 insn_init(insn, kaddr, buf_len, 1); #else /* CONFIG_X86_32 */ insn_init(insn, kaddr, buf_len, 0); #endif } static inline int insn_is_avx(struct insn *insn) { if (!insn->prefixes.got) insn_get_prefixes(insn); return (insn->vex_prefix.value != 0); } static inline int insn_is_evex(struct insn *insn) { if (!insn->prefixes.got) insn_get_prefixes(insn); return (insn->vex_prefix.nbytes == 4); } static inline int insn_has_emulate_prefix(struct insn *insn) { return !!insn->emulate_prefix_size; } /* Ensure this instruction is decoded completely */ static inline int insn_complete(struct insn *insn) { return insn->opcode.got && insn->modrm.got && insn->sib.got && insn->displacement.got && insn->immediate.got; } static inline insn_byte_t insn_vex_m_bits(struct insn *insn) { if (insn->vex_prefix.nbytes == 2) /* 2 bytes VEX */ return X86_VEX2_M; else if (insn->vex_prefix.nbytes == 3) /* 3 bytes VEX */ return X86_VEX3_M(insn->vex_prefix.bytes[1]); else /* EVEX */ return X86_EVEX_M(insn->vex_prefix.bytes[1]); } static inline insn_byte_t insn_vex_p_bits(struct insn *insn) { if (insn->vex_prefix.nbytes == 2) /* 2 bytes VEX */ return X86_VEX_P(insn->vex_prefix.bytes[1]); else return X86_VEX_P(insn->vex_prefix.bytes[2]); } /* Get the last prefix id from last prefix or VEX prefix */ static inline int insn_last_prefix_id(struct insn *insn) { if (insn_is_avx(insn)) return insn_vex_p_bits(insn); /* VEX_p is a SIMD prefix id */ if (insn->prefixes.bytes[3]) return inat_get_last_prefix_id(insn->prefixes.bytes[3]); return 0; } /* Offset of each field from kaddr */ static inline int insn_offset_rex_prefix(struct insn *insn) { return insn->prefixes.nbytes; } static inline int insn_offset_vex_prefix(struct insn *insn) { return insn_offset_rex_prefix(insn) + insn->rex_prefix.nbytes; } static inline int insn_offset_opcode(struct insn *insn) { return insn_offset_vex_prefix(insn) + insn->vex_prefix.nbytes; } static inline int insn_offset_modrm(struct insn *insn) { return insn_offset_opcode(insn) + insn->opcode.nbytes; } static inline int insn_offset_sib(struct insn *insn) { return insn_offset_modrm(insn) + insn->modrm.nbytes; } static inline int insn_offset_displacement(struct insn *insn) { return insn_offset_sib(insn) + insn->sib.nbytes; } static inline int insn_offset_immediate(struct insn *insn) { return insn_offset_displacement(insn) + insn->displacement.nbytes; } /** * for_each_insn_prefix() -- Iterate prefixes in the instruction * @insn: Pointer to struct insn. * @idx: Index storage. * @prefix: Prefix byte. * * Iterate prefix bytes of given @insn. Each prefix byte is stored in @prefix * and the index is stored in @idx (note that this @idx is just for a cursor, * do not change it.) * Since prefixes.nbytes can be bigger than 4 if some prefixes * are repeated, it cannot be used for looping over the prefixes. */ #define for_each_insn_prefix(insn, idx, prefix) \ for (idx = 0; idx < ARRAY_SIZE(insn->prefixes.bytes) && (prefix = insn->prefixes.bytes[idx]) != 0; idx++) #define POP_SS_OPCODE 0x1f #define MOV_SREG_OPCODE 0x8e /* * Intel SDM Vol.3A 6.8.3 states; * "Any single-step trap that would be delivered following the MOV to SS * instruction or POP to SS instruction (because EFLAGS.TF is 1) is * suppressed." * This function returns true if @insn is MOV SS or POP SS. On these * instructions, single stepping is suppressed. */ static inline int insn_masking_exception(struct insn *insn) { return insn->opcode.bytes[0] == POP_SS_OPCODE || (insn->opcode.bytes[0] == MOV_SREG_OPCODE && X86_MODRM_REG(insn->modrm.bytes[0]) == 2); } #endif /* _ASM_X86_INSN_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * NetLabel System * * The NetLabel system manages static and dynamic label mappings for network * protocols such as CIPSO and RIPSO. * * Author: Paul Moore <paul@paul-moore.com> */ /* * (c) Copyright Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P., 2006, 2008 */ #ifndef _NETLABEL_H #define _NETLABEL_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <net/netlink.h> #include <net/request_sock.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> struct cipso_v4_doi; struct calipso_doi; /* * NetLabel - A management interface for maintaining network packet label * mapping tables for explicit packet labling protocols. * * Network protocols such as CIPSO and RIPSO require a label translation layer * to convert the label on the packet into something meaningful on the host * machine. In the current Linux implementation these mapping tables live * inside the kernel; NetLabel provides a mechanism for user space applications * to manage these mapping tables. * * NetLabel makes use of the Generic NETLINK mechanism as a transport layer to * send messages between kernel and user space. The general format of a * NetLabel message is shown below: * * +-----------------+-------------------+--------- --- -- - * | struct nlmsghdr | struct genlmsghdr | payload * +-----------------+-------------------+--------- --- -- - * * The 'nlmsghdr' and 'genlmsghdr' structs should be dealt with like normal. * The payload is dependent on the subsystem specified in the * 'nlmsghdr->nlmsg_type' and should be defined below, supporting functions * should be defined in the corresponding net/netlabel/netlabel_<subsys>.h|c * file. All of the fields in the NetLabel payload are NETLINK attributes, see * the include/net/netlink.h file for more information on NETLINK attributes. * */ /* * NetLabel NETLINK protocol */ /* NetLabel NETLINK protocol version * 1: initial version * 2: added static labels for unlabeled connections * 3: network selectors added to the NetLabel/LSM domain mapping and the * CIPSO_V4_MAP_LOCAL CIPSO mapping was added */ #define NETLBL_PROTO_VERSION 3 /* NetLabel NETLINK types/families */ #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_NONE 0 #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_MGMT 1 #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_MGMT_NAME "NLBL_MGMT" #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_RIPSO 2 #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_RIPSO_NAME "NLBL_RIPSO" #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_CIPSOV4 3 #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_CIPSOV4_NAME "NLBL_CIPSOv4" #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_CIPSOV6 4 #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_CIPSOV6_NAME "NLBL_CIPSOv6" #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_UNLABELED 5 #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_UNLABELED_NAME "NLBL_UNLBL" #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_ADDRSELECT 6 #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_ADDRSELECT_NAME "NLBL_ADRSEL" #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_CALIPSO 7 #define NETLBL_NLTYPE_CALIPSO_NAME "NLBL_CALIPSO" /* * NetLabel - Kernel API for accessing the network packet label mappings. * * The following functions are provided for use by other kernel modules, * specifically kernel LSM modules, to provide a consistent, transparent API * for dealing with explicit packet labeling protocols such as CIPSO and * RIPSO. The functions defined here are implemented in the * net/netlabel/netlabel_kapi.c file. * */ /* NetLabel audit information */ struct netlbl_audit { u32 secid; kuid_t loginuid; unsigned int sessionid; }; /* * LSM security attributes */ /** * struct netlbl_lsm_cache - NetLabel LSM security attribute cache * @refcount: atomic reference counter * @free: LSM supplied function to free the cache data * @data: LSM supplied cache data * * Description: * This structure is provided for LSMs which wish to make use of the NetLabel * caching mechanism to store LSM specific data/attributes in the NetLabel * cache. If the LSM has to perform a lot of translation from the NetLabel * security attributes into it's own internal representation then the cache * mechanism can provide a way to eliminate some or all of that translation * overhead on a cache hit. * */ struct netlbl_lsm_cache { refcount_t refcount; void (*free) (const void *data); void *data; }; /** * struct netlbl_lsm_catmap - NetLabel LSM secattr category bitmap * @startbit: the value of the lowest order bit in the bitmap * @bitmap: the category bitmap * @next: pointer to the next bitmap "node" or NULL * * Description: * This structure is used to represent category bitmaps. Due to the large * number of categories supported by most labeling protocols it is not * practical to transfer a full bitmap internally so NetLabel adopts a sparse * bitmap structure modeled after SELinux's ebitmap structure. * The catmap bitmap field MUST be a power of two in length and large * enough to hold at least 240 bits. Special care (i.e. check the code!) * should be used when changing these values as the LSM implementation * probably has functions which rely on the sizes of these types to speed * processing. * */ #define NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPTYPE u64 #define NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPCNT 4 #define NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPSIZE (sizeof(NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPTYPE) * 8) #define NETLBL_CATMAP_SIZE (NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPSIZE * \ NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPCNT) #define NETLBL_CATMAP_BIT (NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPTYPE)0x01 struct netlbl_lsm_catmap { u32 startbit; NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPTYPE bitmap[NETLBL_CATMAP_MAPCNT]; struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *next; }; /** * struct netlbl_lsm_secattr - NetLabel LSM security attributes * @flags: indicate structure attributes, see NETLBL_SECATTR_* * @type: indicate the NLTYPE of the attributes * @domain: the NetLabel LSM domain * @cache: NetLabel LSM specific cache * @attr.mls: MLS sensitivity label * @attr.mls.cat: MLS category bitmap * @attr.mls.lvl: MLS sensitivity level * @attr.secid: LSM specific secid token * * Description: * This structure is used to pass security attributes between NetLabel and the * LSM modules. The flags field is used to specify which fields within the * struct are valid and valid values can be created by bitwise OR'ing the * NETLBL_SECATTR_* defines. The domain field is typically set by the LSM to * specify domain specific configuration settings and is not usually used by * NetLabel itself when returning security attributes to the LSM. * */ struct netlbl_lsm_secattr { u32 flags; /* bitmap values for 'flags' */ #define NETLBL_SECATTR_NONE 0x00000000 #define NETLBL_SECATTR_DOMAIN 0x00000001 #define NETLBL_SECATTR_DOMAIN_CPY (NETLBL_SECATTR_DOMAIN | \ NETLBL_SECATTR_FREE_DOMAIN) #define NETLBL_SECATTR_CACHE 0x00000002 #define NETLBL_SECATTR_MLS_LVL 0x00000004 #define NETLBL_SECATTR_MLS_CAT 0x00000008 #define NETLBL_SECATTR_SECID 0x00000010 /* bitmap meta-values for 'flags' */ #define NETLBL_SECATTR_FREE_DOMAIN 0x01000000 #define NETLBL_SECATTR_CACHEABLE (NETLBL_SECATTR_MLS_LVL | \ NETLBL_SECATTR_MLS_CAT | \ NETLBL_SECATTR_SECID) u32 type; char *domain; struct netlbl_lsm_cache *cache; struct { struct { struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *cat; u32 lvl; } mls; u32 secid; } attr; }; /** * struct netlbl_calipso_ops - NetLabel CALIPSO operations * @doi_add: add a CALIPSO DOI * @doi_free: free a CALIPSO DOI * @doi_getdef: returns a reference to a DOI * @doi_putdef: releases a reference of a DOI * @doi_walk: enumerate the DOI list * @sock_getattr: retrieve the socket's attr * @sock_setattr: set the socket's attr * @sock_delattr: remove the socket's attr * @req_setattr: set the req socket's attr * @req_delattr: remove the req socket's attr * @opt_getattr: retrieve attr from memory block * @skbuff_optptr: find option in packet * @skbuff_setattr: set the skbuff's attr * @skbuff_delattr: remove the skbuff's attr * @cache_invalidate: invalidate cache * @cache_add: add cache entry * * Description: * This structure is filled out by the CALIPSO engine and passed * to the NetLabel core via a call to netlbl_calipso_ops_register(). * It enables the CALIPSO engine (and hence IPv6) to be compiled * as a module. */ struct netlbl_calipso_ops { int (*doi_add)(struct calipso_doi *doi_def, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); void (*doi_free)(struct calipso_doi *doi_def); int (*doi_remove)(u32 doi, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); struct calipso_doi *(*doi_getdef)(u32 doi); void (*doi_putdef)(struct calipso_doi *doi_def); int (*doi_walk)(u32 *skip_cnt, int (*callback)(struct calipso_doi *doi_def, void *arg), void *cb_arg); int (*sock_getattr)(struct sock *sk, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); int (*sock_setattr)(struct sock *sk, const struct calipso_doi *doi_def, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); void (*sock_delattr)(struct sock *sk); int (*req_setattr)(struct request_sock *req, const struct calipso_doi *doi_def, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); void (*req_delattr)(struct request_sock *req); int (*opt_getattr)(const unsigned char *calipso, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); unsigned char *(*skbuff_optptr)(const struct sk_buff *skb); int (*skbuff_setattr)(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct calipso_doi *doi_def, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); int (*skbuff_delattr)(struct sk_buff *skb); void (*cache_invalidate)(void); int (*cache_add)(const unsigned char *calipso_ptr, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); }; /* * LSM security attribute operations (inline) */ /** * netlbl_secattr_cache_alloc - Allocate and initialize a secattr cache * @flags: the memory allocation flags * * Description: * Allocate and initialize a netlbl_lsm_cache structure. Returns a pointer * on success, NULL on failure. * */ static inline struct netlbl_lsm_cache *netlbl_secattr_cache_alloc(gfp_t flags) { struct netlbl_lsm_cache *cache; cache = kzalloc(sizeof(*cache), flags); if (cache) refcount_set(&cache->refcount, 1); return cache; } /** * netlbl_secattr_cache_free - Frees a netlbl_lsm_cache struct * @cache: the struct to free * * Description: * Frees @secattr including all of the internal buffers. * */ static inline void netlbl_secattr_cache_free(struct netlbl_lsm_cache *cache) { if (!refcount_dec_and_test(&cache->refcount)) return; if (cache->free) cache->free(cache->data); kfree(cache); } /** * netlbl_catmap_alloc - Allocate a LSM secattr catmap * @flags: memory allocation flags * * Description: * Allocate memory for a LSM secattr catmap, returns a pointer on success, NULL * on failure. * */ static inline struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *netlbl_catmap_alloc(gfp_t flags) { return kzalloc(sizeof(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap), flags); } /** * netlbl_catmap_free - Free a LSM secattr catmap * @catmap: the category bitmap * * Description: * Free a LSM secattr catmap. * */ static inline void netlbl_catmap_free(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap) { struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *iter; while (catmap) { iter = catmap; catmap = catmap->next; kfree(iter); } } /** * netlbl_secattr_init - Initialize a netlbl_lsm_secattr struct * @secattr: the struct to initialize * * Description: * Initialize an already allocated netlbl_lsm_secattr struct. * */ static inline void netlbl_secattr_init(struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { memset(secattr, 0, sizeof(*secattr)); } /** * netlbl_secattr_destroy - Clears a netlbl_lsm_secattr struct * @secattr: the struct to clear * * Description: * Destroys the @secattr struct, including freeing all of the internal buffers. * The struct must be reset with a call to netlbl_secattr_init() before reuse. * */ static inline void netlbl_secattr_destroy(struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { if (secattr->flags & NETLBL_SECATTR_FREE_DOMAIN) kfree(secattr->domain); if (secattr->flags & NETLBL_SECATTR_CACHE) netlbl_secattr_cache_free(secattr->cache); if (secattr->flags & NETLBL_SECATTR_MLS_CAT) netlbl_catmap_free(secattr->attr.mls.cat); } /** * netlbl_secattr_alloc - Allocate and initialize a netlbl_lsm_secattr struct * @flags: the memory allocation flags * * Description: * Allocate and initialize a netlbl_lsm_secattr struct. Returns a valid * pointer on success, or NULL on failure. * */ static inline struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *netlbl_secattr_alloc(gfp_t flags) { return kzalloc(sizeof(struct netlbl_lsm_secattr), flags); } /** * netlbl_secattr_free - Frees a netlbl_lsm_secattr struct * @secattr: the struct to free * * Description: * Frees @secattr including all of the internal buffers. * */ static inline void netlbl_secattr_free(struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { netlbl_secattr_destroy(secattr); kfree(secattr); } #ifdef CONFIG_NETLABEL /* * LSM configuration operations */ int netlbl_cfg_map_del(const char *domain, u16 family, const void *addr, const void *mask, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); int netlbl_cfg_unlbl_map_add(const char *domain, u16 family, const void *addr, const void *mask, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); int netlbl_cfg_unlbl_static_add(struct net *net, const char *dev_name, const void *addr, const void *mask, u16 family, u32 secid, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); int netlbl_cfg_unlbl_static_del(struct net *net, const char *dev_name, const void *addr, const void *mask, u16 family, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); int netlbl_cfg_cipsov4_add(struct cipso_v4_doi *doi_def, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); void netlbl_cfg_cipsov4_del(u32 doi, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); int netlbl_cfg_cipsov4_map_add(u32 doi, const char *domain, const struct in_addr *addr, const struct in_addr *mask, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); int netlbl_cfg_calipso_add(struct calipso_doi *doi_def, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); void netlbl_cfg_calipso_del(u32 doi, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); int netlbl_cfg_calipso_map_add(u32 doi, const char *domain, const struct in6_addr *addr, const struct in6_addr *mask, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); /* * LSM security attribute operations */ int netlbl_catmap_walk(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap, u32 offset); int netlbl_catmap_walkrng(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap, u32 offset); int netlbl_catmap_getlong(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap, u32 *offset, unsigned long *bitmap); int netlbl_catmap_setbit(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap, u32 bit, gfp_t flags); int netlbl_catmap_setrng(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap, u32 start, u32 end, gfp_t flags); int netlbl_catmap_setlong(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap, u32 offset, unsigned long bitmap, gfp_t flags); /* Bitmap functions */ int netlbl_bitmap_walk(const unsigned char *bitmap, u32 bitmap_len, u32 offset, u8 state); void netlbl_bitmap_setbit(unsigned char *bitmap, u32 bit, u8 state); /* * LSM protocol operations (NetLabel LSM/kernel API) */ int netlbl_enabled(void); int netlbl_sock_setattr(struct sock *sk, u16 family, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); void netlbl_sock_delattr(struct sock *sk); int netlbl_sock_getattr(struct sock *sk, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); int netlbl_conn_setattr(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); int netlbl_req_setattr(struct request_sock *req, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); void netlbl_req_delattr(struct request_sock *req); int netlbl_skbuff_setattr(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); int netlbl_skbuff_getattr(const struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); void netlbl_skbuff_err(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, int error, int gateway); /* * LSM label mapping cache operations */ void netlbl_cache_invalidate(void); int netlbl_cache_add(const struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr); /* * Protocol engine operations */ struct audit_buffer *netlbl_audit_start(int type, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info); #else static inline int netlbl_cfg_map_del(const char *domain, u16 family, const void *addr, const void *mask, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_cfg_unlbl_map_add(const char *domain, u16 family, void *addr, void *mask, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_cfg_unlbl_static_add(struct net *net, const char *dev_name, const void *addr, const void *mask, u16 family, u32 secid, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_cfg_unlbl_static_del(struct net *net, const char *dev_name, const void *addr, const void *mask, u16 family, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_cfg_cipsov4_add(struct cipso_v4_doi *doi_def, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void netlbl_cfg_cipsov4_del(u32 doi, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return; } static inline int netlbl_cfg_cipsov4_map_add(u32 doi, const char *domain, const struct in_addr *addr, const struct in_addr *mask, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_cfg_calipso_add(struct calipso_doi *doi_def, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void netlbl_cfg_calipso_del(u32 doi, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return; } static inline int netlbl_cfg_calipso_map_add(u32 doi, const char *domain, const struct in6_addr *addr, const struct in6_addr *mask, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_catmap_walk(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap, u32 offset) { return -ENOENT; } static inline int netlbl_catmap_walkrng(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap, u32 offset) { return -ENOENT; } static inline int netlbl_catmap_getlong(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap *catmap, u32 *offset, unsigned long *bitmap) { return 0; } static inline int netlbl_catmap_setbit(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap, u32 bit, gfp_t flags) { return 0; } static inline int netlbl_catmap_setrng(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap, u32 start, u32 end, gfp_t flags) { return 0; } static inline int netlbl_catmap_setlong(struct netlbl_lsm_catmap **catmap, u32 offset, unsigned long bitmap, gfp_t flags) { return 0; } static inline int netlbl_enabled(void) { return 0; } static inline int netlbl_sock_setattr(struct sock *sk, u16 family, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void netlbl_sock_delattr(struct sock *sk) { } static inline int netlbl_sock_getattr(struct sock *sk, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_conn_setattr(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *addr, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_req_setattr(struct request_sock *req, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void netlbl_req_delattr(struct request_sock *req) { return; } static inline int netlbl_skbuff_setattr(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int netlbl_skbuff_getattr(const struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void netlbl_skbuff_err(struct sk_buff *skb, int error, int gateway) { return; } static inline void netlbl_cache_invalidate(void) { return; } static inline int netlbl_cache_add(const struct sk_buff *skb, u16 family, const struct netlbl_lsm_secattr *secattr) { return 0; } static inline struct audit_buffer *netlbl_audit_start(int type, struct netlbl_audit *audit_info) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_NETLABEL */ const struct netlbl_calipso_ops * netlbl_calipso_ops_register(const struct netlbl_calipso_ops *ops); #endif /* _NETLABEL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __CGROUP_INTERNAL_H #define __CGROUP_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/kernfs.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/fs_parser.h> #define TRACE_CGROUP_PATH_LEN 1024 extern spinlock_t trace_cgroup_path_lock; extern char trace_cgroup_path[TRACE_CGROUP_PATH_LEN]; extern bool cgroup_debug; extern void __init enable_debug_cgroup(void); /* * cgroup_path() takes a spin lock. It is good practice not to take * spin locks within trace point handlers, as they are mostly hidden * from normal view. As cgroup_path() can take the kernfs_rename_lock * spin lock, it is best to not call that function from the trace event * handler. * * Note: trace_cgroup_##type##_enabled() is a static branch that will only * be set when the trace event is enabled. */ #define TRACE_CGROUP_PATH(type, cgrp, ...) \ do { \ if (trace_cgroup_##type##_enabled()) { \ unsigned long flags; \ spin_lock_irqsave(&trace_cgroup_path_lock, \ flags); \ cgroup_path(cgrp, trace_cgroup_path, \ TRACE_CGROUP_PATH_LEN); \ trace_cgroup_##type(cgrp, trace_cgroup_path, \ ##__VA_ARGS__); \ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&trace_cgroup_path_lock, \ flags); \ } \ } while (0) /* * The cgroup filesystem superblock creation/mount context. */ struct cgroup_fs_context { struct kernfs_fs_context kfc; struct cgroup_root *root; struct cgroup_namespace *ns; unsigned int flags; /* CGRP_ROOT_* flags */ /* cgroup1 bits */ bool cpuset_clone_children; bool none; /* User explicitly requested empty subsystem */ bool all_ss; /* Seen 'all' option */ u16 subsys_mask; /* Selected subsystems */ char *name; /* Hierarchy name */ char *release_agent; /* Path for release notifications */ }; static inline struct cgroup_fs_context *cgroup_fc2context(struct fs_context *fc) { struct kernfs_fs_context *kfc = fc->fs_private; return container_of(kfc, struct cgroup_fs_context, kfc); } /* * A cgroup can be associated with multiple css_sets as different tasks may * belong to different cgroups on different hierarchies. In the other * direction, a css_set is naturally associated with multiple cgroups. * This M:N relationship is represented by the following link structure * which exists for each association and allows traversing the associations * from both sides. */ struct cgrp_cset_link { /* the cgroup and css_set this link associates */ struct cgroup *cgrp; struct css_set *cset; /* list of cgrp_cset_links anchored at cgrp->cset_links */ struct list_head cset_link; /* list of cgrp_cset_links anchored at css_set->cgrp_links */ struct list_head cgrp_link; }; /* used to track tasks and csets during migration */ struct cgroup_taskset { /* the src and dst cset list running through cset->mg_node */ struct list_head src_csets; struct list_head dst_csets; /* the number of tasks in the set */ int nr_tasks; /* the subsys currently being processed */ int ssid; /* * Fields for cgroup_taskset_*() iteration. * * Before migration is committed, the target migration tasks are on * ->mg_tasks of the csets on ->src_csets. After, on ->mg_tasks of * the csets on ->dst_csets. ->csets point to either ->src_csets * or ->dst_csets depending on whether migration is committed. * * ->cur_csets and ->cur_task point to the current task position * during iteration. */ struct list_head *csets; struct css_set *cur_cset; struct task_struct *cur_task; }; /* migration context also tracks preloading */ struct cgroup_mgctx { /* * Preloaded source and destination csets. Used to guarantee * atomic success or failure on actual migration. */ struct list_head preloaded_src_csets; struct list_head preloaded_dst_csets; /* tasks and csets to migrate */ struct cgroup_taskset tset; /* subsystems affected by migration */ u16 ss_mask; }; #define CGROUP_TASKSET_INIT(tset) \ { \ .src_csets = LIST_HEAD_INIT(tset.src_csets), \ .dst_csets = LIST_HEAD_INIT(tset.dst_csets), \ .csets = &tset.src_csets, \ } #define CGROUP_MGCTX_INIT(name) \ { \ LIST_HEAD_INIT(name.preloaded_src_csets), \ LIST_HEAD_INIT(name.preloaded_dst_csets), \ CGROUP_TASKSET_INIT(name.tset), \ } #define DEFINE_CGROUP_MGCTX(name) \ struct cgroup_mgctx name = CGROUP_MGCTX_INIT(name) extern struct mutex cgroup_mutex; extern spinlock_t css_set_lock; extern struct cgroup_subsys *cgroup_subsys[]; extern struct list_head cgroup_roots; extern struct file_system_type cgroup_fs_type; /* iterate across the hierarchies */ #define for_each_root(root) \ list_for_each_entry((root), &cgroup_roots, root_list) /** * for_each_subsys - iterate all enabled cgroup subsystems * @ss: the iteration cursor * @ssid: the index of @ss, CGROUP_SUBSYS_COUNT after reaching the end */ #define for_each_subsys(ss, ssid) \ for ((ssid) = 0; (ssid) < CGROUP_SUBSYS_COUNT && \ (((ss) = cgroup_subsys[ssid]) || true); (ssid)++) static inline bool cgroup_is_dead(const struct cgroup *cgrp) { return !(cgrp->self.flags & CSS_ONLINE); } static inline bool notify_on_release(const struct cgroup *cgrp) { return test_bit(CGRP_NOTIFY_ON_RELEASE, &cgrp->flags); } void put_css_set_locked(struct css_set *cset); static inline void put_css_set(struct css_set *cset) { unsigned long flags; /* * Ensure that the refcount doesn't hit zero while any readers * can see it. Similar to atomic_dec_and_lock(), but for an * rwlock */ if (refcount_dec_not_one(&cset->refcount)) return; spin_lock_irqsave(&css_set_lock, flags); put_css_set_locked(cset); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&css_set_lock, flags); } /* * refcounted get/put for css_set objects */ static inline void get_css_set(struct css_set *cset) { refcount_inc(&cset->refcount); } bool cgroup_ssid_enabled(int ssid); bool cgroup_on_dfl(const struct cgroup *cgrp); bool cgroup_is_thread_root(struct cgroup *cgrp); bool cgroup_is_threaded(struct cgroup *cgrp); struct cgroup_root *cgroup_root_from_kf(struct kernfs_root *kf_root); struct cgroup *task_cgroup_from_root(struct task_struct *task, struct cgroup_root *root); struct cgroup *cgroup_kn_lock_live(struct kernfs_node *kn, bool drain_offline); void cgroup_kn_unlock(struct kernfs_node *kn); int cgroup_path_ns_locked(struct cgroup *cgrp, char *buf, size_t buflen, struct cgroup_namespace *ns); void cgroup_free_root(struct cgroup_root *root); void init_cgroup_root(struct cgroup_fs_context *ctx); int cgroup_setup_root(struct cgroup_root *root, u16 ss_mask); int rebind_subsystems(struct cgroup_root *dst_root, u16 ss_mask); int cgroup_do_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc); int cgroup_migrate_vet_dst(struct cgroup *dst_cgrp); void cgroup_migrate_finish(struct cgroup_mgctx *mgctx); void cgroup_migrate_add_src(struct css_set *src_cset, struct cgroup *dst_cgrp, struct cgroup_mgctx *mgctx); int cgroup_migrate_prepare_dst(struct cgroup_mgctx *mgctx); int cgroup_migrate(struct task_struct *leader, bool threadgroup, struct cgroup_mgctx *mgctx); int cgroup_attach_task(struct cgroup *dst_cgrp, struct task_struct *leader, bool threadgroup); struct task_struct *cgroup_procs_write_start(char *buf, bool threadgroup, bool *locked) __acquires(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem); void cgroup_procs_write_finish(struct task_struct *task, bool locked) __releases(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem); void cgroup_lock_and_drain_offline(struct cgroup *cgrp); int cgroup_mkdir(struct kernfs_node *parent_kn, const char *name, umode_t mode); int cgroup_rmdir(struct kernfs_node *kn); int cgroup_show_path(struct seq_file *sf, struct kernfs_node *kf_node, struct kernfs_root *kf_root); int __cgroup_task_count(const struct cgroup *cgrp); int cgroup_task_count(const struct cgroup *cgrp); /* * rstat.c */ int cgroup_rstat_init(struct cgroup *cgrp); void cgroup_rstat_exit(struct cgroup *cgrp); void cgroup_rstat_boot(void); void cgroup_base_stat_cputime_show(struct seq_file *seq); /* * namespace.c */ extern const struct proc_ns_operations cgroupns_operations; /* * cgroup-v1.c */ extern struct cftype cgroup1_base_files[]; extern struct kernfs_syscall_ops cgroup1_kf_syscall_ops; extern const struct fs_parameter_spec cgroup1_fs_parameters[]; int proc_cgroupstats_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v); bool cgroup1_ssid_disabled(int ssid); void cgroup1_pidlist_destroy_all(struct cgroup *cgrp); void cgroup1_release_agent(struct work_struct *work); void cgroup1_check_for_release(struct cgroup *cgrp); int cgroup1_parse_param(struct fs_context *fc, struct fs_parameter *param); int cgroup1_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc); int cgroup1_reconfigure(struct fs_context *ctx); #endif /* __CGROUP_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Cryptographic scatter and gather helpers. * * Copyright (c) 2002 James Morris <jmorris@intercode.com.au> * Copyright (c) 2002 Adam J. Richter <adam@yggdrasil.com> * Copyright (c) 2004 Jean-Luc Cooke <jlcooke@certainkey.com> * Copyright (c) 2007 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_SCATTERWALK_H #define _CRYPTO_SCATTERWALK_H #include <crypto/algapi.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> static inline void scatterwalk_crypto_chain(struct scatterlist *head, struct scatterlist *sg, int num) { if (sg) sg_chain(head, num, sg); else sg_mark_end(head); } static inline unsigned int scatterwalk_pagelen(struct scatter_walk *walk) { unsigned int len = walk->sg->offset + walk->sg->length - walk->offset; unsigned int len_this_page = offset_in_page(~walk->offset) + 1; return len_this_page > len ? len : len_this_page; } static inline unsigned int scatterwalk_clamp(struct scatter_walk *walk, unsigned int nbytes) { unsigned int len_this_page = scatterwalk_pagelen(walk); return nbytes > len_this_page ? len_this_page : nbytes; } static inline void scatterwalk_advance(struct scatter_walk *walk, unsigned int nbytes) { walk->offset += nbytes; } static inline unsigned int scatterwalk_aligned(struct scatter_walk *walk, unsigned int alignmask) { return !(walk->offset & alignmask); } static inline struct page *scatterwalk_page(struct scatter_walk *walk) { return sg_page(walk->sg) + (walk->offset >> PAGE_SHIFT); } static inline void scatterwalk_unmap(void *vaddr) { kunmap_atomic(vaddr); } static inline void scatterwalk_start(struct scatter_walk *walk, struct scatterlist *sg) { walk->sg = sg; walk->offset = sg->offset; } static inline void *scatterwalk_map(struct scatter_walk *walk) { return kmap_atomic(scatterwalk_page(walk)) + offset_in_page(walk->offset); } static inline void scatterwalk_pagedone(struct scatter_walk *walk, int out, unsigned int more) { if (out) { struct page *page; page = sg_page(walk->sg) + ((walk->offset - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT); /* Test ARCH_IMPLEMENTS_FLUSH_DCACHE_PAGE first as * PageSlab cannot be optimised away per se due to * use of volatile pointer. */ if (ARCH_IMPLEMENTS_FLUSH_DCACHE_PAGE && !PageSlab(page)) flush_dcache_page(page); } if (more && walk->offset >= walk->sg->offset + walk->sg->length) scatterwalk_start(walk, sg_next(walk->sg)); } static inline void scatterwalk_done(struct scatter_walk *walk, int out, int more) { if (!more || walk->offset >= walk->sg->offset + walk->sg->length || !(walk->offset & (PAGE_SIZE - 1))) scatterwalk_pagedone(walk, out, more); } void scatterwalk_copychunks(void *buf, struct scatter_walk *walk, size_t nbytes, int out); void *scatterwalk_map(struct scatter_walk *walk); void scatterwalk_map_and_copy(void *buf, struct scatterlist *sg, unsigned int start, unsigned int nbytes, int out); struct scatterlist *scatterwalk_ffwd(struct scatterlist dst[2], struct scatterlist *src, unsigned int len); #endif /* _CRYPTO_SCATTERWALK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef DRIVERS_PCI_H #define DRIVERS_PCI_H #include <linux/pci.h> /* Number of possible devfns: 0.0 to 1f.7 inclusive */ #define MAX_NR_DEVFNS 256 #define PCI_FIND_CAP_TTL 48 #define PCI_VSEC_ID_INTEL_TBT 0x1234 /* Thunderbolt */ extern const unsigned char pcie_link_speed[]; extern bool pci_early_dump; bool pcie_cap_has_lnkctl(const struct pci_dev *dev); bool pcie_cap_has_rtctl(const struct pci_dev *dev); /* Functions internal to the PCI core code */ int pci_create_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pci_remove_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *pdev); #if !defined(CONFIG_DMI) && !defined(CONFIG_ACPI) static inline void pci_create_firmware_label_files(struct pci_dev *pdev) { return; } static inline void pci_remove_firmware_label_files(struct pci_dev *pdev) { return; } #else void pci_create_firmware_label_files(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pci_remove_firmware_label_files(struct pci_dev *pdev); #endif void pci_cleanup_rom(struct pci_dev *dev); enum pci_mmap_api { PCI_MMAP_SYSFS, /* mmap on /sys/bus/pci/devices/<BDF>/resource<N> */ PCI_MMAP_PROCFS /* mmap on /proc/bus/pci/<BDF> */ }; int pci_mmap_fits(struct pci_dev *pdev, int resno, struct vm_area_struct *vmai, enum pci_mmap_api mmap_api); int pci_probe_reset_function(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_bridge_secondary_bus_reset(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_bus_error_reset(struct pci_dev *dev); #define PCI_PM_D2_DELAY 200 /* usec; see PCIe r4.0, sec 5.9.1 */ #define PCI_PM_D3HOT_WAIT 10 /* msec */ #define PCI_PM_D3COLD_WAIT 100 /* msec */ /** * struct pci_platform_pm_ops - Firmware PM callbacks * * @bridge_d3: Does the bridge allow entering into D3 * * @is_manageable: returns 'true' if given device is power manageable by the * platform firmware * * @set_state: invokes the platform firmware to set the device's power state * * @get_state: queries the platform firmware for a device's current power state * * @refresh_state: asks the platform to refresh the device's power state data * * @choose_state: returns PCI power state of given device preferred by the * platform; to be used during system-wide transitions from a * sleeping state to the working state and vice versa * * @set_wakeup: enables/disables wakeup capability for the device * * @need_resume: returns 'true' if the given device (which is currently * suspended) needs to be resumed to be configured for system * wakeup. * * If given platform is generally capable of power managing PCI devices, all of * these callbacks are mandatory. */ struct pci_platform_pm_ops { bool (*bridge_d3)(struct pci_dev *dev); bool (*is_manageable)(struct pci_dev *dev); int (*set_state)(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state); pci_power_t (*get_state)(struct pci_dev *dev); void (*refresh_state)(struct pci_dev *dev); pci_power_t (*choose_state)(struct pci_dev *dev); int (*set_wakeup)(struct pci_dev *dev, bool enable); bool (*need_resume)(struct pci_dev *dev); }; int pci_set_platform_pm(const struct pci_platform_pm_ops *ops); void pci_update_current_state(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_power_t state); void pci_refresh_power_state(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_power_up(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_disable_enabled_device(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_finish_runtime_suspend(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_clear_device_status(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_clear_root_pme_status(struct pci_dev *dev); bool pci_check_pme_status(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_pme_wakeup_bus(struct pci_bus *bus); int __pci_pme_wakeup(struct pci_dev *dev, void *ign); void pci_pme_restore(struct pci_dev *dev); bool pci_dev_need_resume(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_dev_adjust_pme(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_dev_complete_resume(struct pci_dev *pci_dev); void pci_config_pm_runtime_get(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_config_pm_runtime_put(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_pm_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_ea_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_allocate_cap_save_buffers(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_free_cap_save_buffers(struct pci_dev *dev); bool pci_bridge_d3_possible(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_bridge_d3_update(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_bridge_wait_for_secondary_bus(struct pci_dev *dev); static inline void pci_wakeup_event(struct pci_dev *dev) { /* Wait 100 ms before the system can be put into a sleep state. */ pm_wakeup_event(&dev->dev, 100); } static inline bool pci_has_subordinate(struct pci_dev *pci_dev) { return !!(pci_dev->subordinate); } static inline bool pci_power_manageable(struct pci_dev *pci_dev) { /* * Currently we allow normal PCI devices and PCI bridges transition * into D3 if their bridge_d3 is set. */ return !pci_has_subordinate(pci_dev) || pci_dev->bridge_d3; } static inline bool pcie_downstream_port(const struct pci_dev *dev) { int type = pci_pcie_type(dev); return type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT || type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM || type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_PCIE_BRIDGE; } int pci_vpd_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_vpd_release(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_vpd_create_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_vpd_remove_sysfs_dev_files(struct pci_dev *dev); /* PCI Virtual Channel */ int pci_save_vc_state(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_restore_vc_state(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_allocate_vc_save_buffers(struct pci_dev *dev); /* PCI /proc functions */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int pci_proc_attach_device(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_proc_detach_device(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_proc_detach_bus(struct pci_bus *bus); #else static inline int pci_proc_attach_device(struct pci_dev *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pci_proc_detach_device(struct pci_dev *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pci_proc_detach_bus(struct pci_bus *bus) { return 0; } #endif /* Functions for PCI Hotplug drivers to use */ int pci_hp_add_bridge(struct pci_dev *dev); #ifdef HAVE_PCI_LEGACY void pci_create_legacy_files(struct pci_bus *bus); void pci_remove_legacy_files(struct pci_bus *bus); #else static inline void pci_create_legacy_files(struct pci_bus *bus) { return; } static inline void pci_remove_legacy_files(struct pci_bus *bus) { return; } #endif /* Lock for read/write access to pci device and bus lists */ extern struct rw_semaphore pci_bus_sem; extern struct mutex pci_slot_mutex; extern raw_spinlock_t pci_lock; extern unsigned int pci_pm_d3hot_delay; #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_MSI void pci_no_msi(void); #else static inline void pci_no_msi(void) { } #endif static inline void pci_msi_set_enable(struct pci_dev *dev, int enable) { u16 control; pci_read_config_word(dev, dev->msi_cap + PCI_MSI_FLAGS, &control); control &= ~PCI_MSI_FLAGS_ENABLE; if (enable) control |= PCI_MSI_FLAGS_ENABLE; pci_write_config_word(dev, dev->msi_cap + PCI_MSI_FLAGS, control); } static inline void pci_msix_clear_and_set_ctrl(struct pci_dev *dev, u16 clear, u16 set) { u16 ctrl; pci_read_config_word(dev, dev->msix_cap + PCI_MSIX_FLAGS, &ctrl); ctrl &= ~clear; ctrl |= set; pci_write_config_word(dev, dev->msix_cap + PCI_MSIX_FLAGS, ctrl); } void pci_realloc_get_opt(char *); static inline int pci_no_d1d2(struct pci_dev *dev) { unsigned int parent_dstates = 0; if (dev->bus->self) parent_dstates = dev->bus->self->no_d1d2; return (dev->no_d1d2 || parent_dstates); } extern const struct attribute_group *pci_dev_groups[]; extern const struct attribute_group *pcibus_groups[]; extern const struct device_type pci_dev_type; extern const struct attribute_group *pci_bus_groups[]; extern unsigned long pci_hotplug_io_size; extern unsigned long pci_hotplug_mmio_size; extern unsigned long pci_hotplug_mmio_pref_size; extern unsigned long pci_hotplug_bus_size; /** * pci_match_one_device - Tell if a PCI device structure has a matching * PCI device id structure * @id: single PCI device id structure to match * @dev: the PCI device structure to match against * * Returns the matching pci_device_id structure or %NULL if there is no match. */ static inline const struct pci_device_id * pci_match_one_device(const struct pci_device_id *id, const struct pci_dev *dev) { if ((id->vendor == PCI_ANY_ID || id->vendor == dev->vendor) && (id->device == PCI_ANY_ID || id->device == dev->device) && (id->subvendor == PCI_ANY_ID || id->subvendor == dev->subsystem_vendor) && (id->subdevice == PCI_ANY_ID || id->subdevice == dev->subsystem_device) && !((id->class ^ dev->class) & id->class_mask)) return id; return NULL; } /* PCI slot sysfs helper code */ #define to_pci_slot(s) container_of(s, struct pci_slot, kobj) extern struct kset *pci_slots_kset; struct pci_slot_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct pci_slot *, char *); ssize_t (*store)(struct pci_slot *, const char *, size_t); }; #define to_pci_slot_attr(s) container_of(s, struct pci_slot_attribute, attr) enum pci_bar_type { pci_bar_unknown, /* Standard PCI BAR probe */ pci_bar_io, /* An I/O port BAR */ pci_bar_mem32, /* A 32-bit memory BAR */ pci_bar_mem64, /* A 64-bit memory BAR */ }; struct device *pci_get_host_bridge_device(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_put_host_bridge_device(struct device *dev); int pci_configure_extended_tags(struct pci_dev *dev, void *ign); bool pci_bus_read_dev_vendor_id(struct pci_bus *bus, int devfn, u32 *pl, int crs_timeout); bool pci_bus_generic_read_dev_vendor_id(struct pci_bus *bus, int devfn, u32 *pl, int crs_timeout); int pci_idt_bus_quirk(struct pci_bus *bus, int devfn, u32 *pl, int crs_timeout); int pci_setup_device(struct pci_dev *dev); int __pci_read_base(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pci_bar_type type, struct resource *res, unsigned int reg); void pci_configure_ari(struct pci_dev *dev); void __pci_bus_size_bridges(struct pci_bus *bus, struct list_head *realloc_head); void __pci_bus_assign_resources(const struct pci_bus *bus, struct list_head *realloc_head, struct list_head *fail_head); bool pci_bus_clip_resource(struct pci_dev *dev, int idx); void pci_reassigndev_resource_alignment(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_disable_bridge_window(struct pci_dev *dev); struct pci_bus *pci_bus_get(struct pci_bus *bus); void pci_bus_put(struct pci_bus *bus); /* PCIe link information from Link Capabilities 2 */ #define PCIE_LNKCAP2_SLS2SPEED(lnkcap2) \ ((lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_32_0GB ? PCIE_SPEED_32_0GT : \ (lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_16_0GB ? PCIE_SPEED_16_0GT : \ (lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_8_0GB ? PCIE_SPEED_8_0GT : \ (lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_5_0GB ? PCIE_SPEED_5_0GT : \ (lnkcap2) & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP2_SLS_2_5GB ? PCIE_SPEED_2_5GT : \ PCI_SPEED_UNKNOWN) /* PCIe speed to Mb/s reduced by encoding overhead */ #define PCIE_SPEED2MBS_ENC(speed) \ ((speed) == PCIE_SPEED_32_0GT ? 32000*128/130 : \ (speed) == PCIE_SPEED_16_0GT ? 16000*128/130 : \ (speed) == PCIE_SPEED_8_0GT ? 8000*128/130 : \ (speed) == PCIE_SPEED_5_0GT ? 5000*8/10 : \ (speed) == PCIE_SPEED_2_5GT ? 2500*8/10 : \ 0) const char *pci_speed_string(enum pci_bus_speed speed); enum pci_bus_speed pcie_get_speed_cap(struct pci_dev *dev); enum pcie_link_width pcie_get_width_cap(struct pci_dev *dev); u32 pcie_bandwidth_capable(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pci_bus_speed *speed, enum pcie_link_width *width); void __pcie_print_link_status(struct pci_dev *dev, bool verbose); void pcie_report_downtraining(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_update_link_speed(struct pci_bus *bus, u16 link_status); /* Single Root I/O Virtualization */ struct pci_sriov { int pos; /* Capability position */ int nres; /* Number of resources */ u32 cap; /* SR-IOV Capabilities */ u16 ctrl; /* SR-IOV Control */ u16 total_VFs; /* Total VFs associated with the PF */ u16 initial_VFs; /* Initial VFs associated with the PF */ u16 num_VFs; /* Number of VFs available */ u16 offset; /* First VF Routing ID offset */ u16 stride; /* Following VF stride */ u16 vf_device; /* VF device ID */ u32 pgsz; /* Page size for BAR alignment */ u8 link; /* Function Dependency Link */ u8 max_VF_buses; /* Max buses consumed by VFs */ u16 driver_max_VFs; /* Max num VFs driver supports */ struct pci_dev *dev; /* Lowest numbered PF */ struct pci_dev *self; /* This PF */ u32 class; /* VF device */ u8 hdr_type; /* VF header type */ u16 subsystem_vendor; /* VF subsystem vendor */ u16 subsystem_device; /* VF subsystem device */ resource_size_t barsz[PCI_SRIOV_NUM_BARS]; /* VF BAR size */ bool drivers_autoprobe; /* Auto probing of VFs by driver */ }; /** * pci_dev_set_io_state - Set the new error state if possible. * * @dev - pci device to set new error_state * @new - the state we want dev to be in * * Must be called with device_lock held. * * Returns true if state has been changed to the requested state. */ static inline bool pci_dev_set_io_state(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_channel_state_t new) { bool changed = false; device_lock_assert(&dev->dev); switch (new) { case pci_channel_io_perm_failure: switch (dev->error_state) { case pci_channel_io_frozen: case pci_channel_io_normal: case pci_channel_io_perm_failure: changed = true; break; } break; case pci_channel_io_frozen: switch (dev->error_state) { case pci_channel_io_frozen: case pci_channel_io_normal: changed = true; break; } break; case pci_channel_io_normal: switch (dev->error_state) { case pci_channel_io_frozen: case pci_channel_io_normal: changed = true; break; } break; } if (changed) dev->error_state = new; return changed; } static inline int pci_dev_set_disconnected(struct pci_dev *dev, void *unused) { device_lock(&dev->dev); pci_dev_set_io_state(dev, pci_channel_io_perm_failure); device_unlock(&dev->dev); return 0; } static inline bool pci_dev_is_disconnected(const struct pci_dev *dev) { return dev->error_state == pci_channel_io_perm_failure; } /* pci_dev priv_flags */ #define PCI_DEV_ADDED 0 #define PCI_DPC_RECOVERED 1 #define PCI_DPC_RECOVERING 2 static inline void pci_dev_assign_added(struct pci_dev *dev, bool added) { assign_bit(PCI_DEV_ADDED, &dev->priv_flags, added); } static inline bool pci_dev_is_added(const struct pci_dev *dev) { return test_bit(PCI_DEV_ADDED, &dev->priv_flags); } #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEAER #include <linux/aer.h> #define AER_MAX_MULTI_ERR_DEVICES 5 /* Not likely to have more */ struct aer_err_info { struct pci_dev *dev[AER_MAX_MULTI_ERR_DEVICES]; int error_dev_num; unsigned int id:16; unsigned int severity:2; /* 0:NONFATAL | 1:FATAL | 2:COR */ unsigned int __pad1:5; unsigned int multi_error_valid:1; unsigned int first_error:5; unsigned int __pad2:2; unsigned int tlp_header_valid:1; unsigned int status; /* COR/UNCOR Error Status */ unsigned int mask; /* COR/UNCOR Error Mask */ struct aer_header_log_regs tlp; /* TLP Header */ }; int aer_get_device_error_info(struct pci_dev *dev, struct aer_err_info *info); void aer_print_error(struct pci_dev *dev, struct aer_err_info *info); #endif /* CONFIG_PCIEAER */ #ifdef CONFIG_PCIE_DPC void pci_save_dpc_state(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_restore_dpc_state(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_dpc_init(struct pci_dev *pdev); void dpc_process_error(struct pci_dev *pdev); pci_ers_result_t dpc_reset_link(struct pci_dev *pdev); bool pci_dpc_recovered(struct pci_dev *pdev); #else static inline void pci_save_dpc_state(struct pci_dev *dev) {} static inline void pci_restore_dpc_state(struct pci_dev *dev) {} static inline void pci_dpc_init(struct pci_dev *pdev) {} static inline bool pci_dpc_recovered(struct pci_dev *pdev) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_ATS /* Address Translation Service */ void pci_ats_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_restore_ats_state(struct pci_dev *dev); #else static inline void pci_ats_init(struct pci_dev *d) { } static inline void pci_restore_ats_state(struct pci_dev *dev) { } #endif /* CONFIG_PCI_ATS */ #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_PRI void pci_pri_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_restore_pri_state(struct pci_dev *pdev); #else static inline void pci_pri_init(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_restore_pri_state(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_PASID void pci_pasid_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_restore_pasid_state(struct pci_dev *pdev); #else static inline void pci_pasid_init(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_restore_pasid_state(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_IOV int pci_iov_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_iov_release(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_iov_remove(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_iov_update_resource(struct pci_dev *dev, int resno); resource_size_t pci_sriov_resource_alignment(struct pci_dev *dev, int resno); void pci_restore_iov_state(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_iov_bus_range(struct pci_bus *bus); extern const struct attribute_group sriov_dev_attr_group; #else static inline int pci_iov_init(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -ENODEV; } static inline void pci_iov_release(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_iov_remove(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_restore_iov_state(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline int pci_iov_bus_range(struct pci_bus *bus) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PCI_IOV */ unsigned long pci_cardbus_resource_alignment(struct resource *); static inline resource_size_t pci_resource_alignment(struct pci_dev *dev, struct resource *res) { #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_IOV int resno = res - dev->resource; if (resno >= PCI_IOV_RESOURCES && resno <= PCI_IOV_RESOURCE_END) return pci_sriov_resource_alignment(dev, resno); #endif if (dev->class >> 8 == PCI_CLASS_BRIDGE_CARDBUS) return pci_cardbus_resource_alignment(res); return resource_alignment(res); } void pci_acs_init(struct pci_dev *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_QUIRKS int pci_dev_specific_acs_enabled(struct pci_dev *dev, u16 acs_flags); int pci_dev_specific_enable_acs(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_dev_specific_disable_acs_redir(struct pci_dev *dev); #else static inline int pci_dev_specific_acs_enabled(struct pci_dev *dev, u16 acs_flags) { return -ENOTTY; } static inline int pci_dev_specific_enable_acs(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -ENOTTY; } static inline int pci_dev_specific_disable_acs_redir(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -ENOTTY; } #endif /* PCI error reporting and recovery */ pci_ers_result_t pcie_do_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev, pci_channel_state_t state, pci_ers_result_t (*reset_link)(struct pci_dev *pdev)); bool pcie_wait_for_link(struct pci_dev *pdev, bool active); #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEASPM void pcie_aspm_init_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pcie_aspm_exit_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pcie_aspm_pm_state_change(struct pci_dev *pdev); void pcie_aspm_powersave_config_link(struct pci_dev *pdev); #else static inline void pcie_aspm_init_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } static inline void pcie_aspm_exit_link_state(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } static inline void pcie_aspm_pm_state_change(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } static inline void pcie_aspm_powersave_config_link(struct pci_dev *pdev) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCIE_ECRC void pcie_set_ecrc_checking(struct pci_dev *dev); void pcie_ecrc_get_policy(char *str); #else static inline void pcie_set_ecrc_checking(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pcie_ecrc_get_policy(char *str) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCIE_PTM void pci_ptm_init(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_enable_ptm(struct pci_dev *dev, u8 *granularity); #else static inline void pci_ptm_init(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline int pci_enable_ptm(struct pci_dev *dev, u8 *granularity) { return -EINVAL; } #endif struct pci_dev_reset_methods { u16 vendor; u16 device; int (*reset)(struct pci_dev *dev, int probe); }; #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_QUIRKS int pci_dev_specific_reset(struct pci_dev *dev, int probe); #else static inline int pci_dev_specific_reset(struct pci_dev *dev, int probe) { return -ENOTTY; } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_PCI_QUIRKS) && defined(CONFIG_ARM64) int acpi_get_rc_resources(struct device *dev, const char *hid, u16 segment, struct resource *res); #else static inline int acpi_get_rc_resources(struct device *dev, const char *hid, u16 segment, struct resource *res) { return -ENODEV; } #endif u32 pci_rebar_get_possible_sizes(struct pci_dev *pdev, int bar); int pci_rebar_get_current_size(struct pci_dev *pdev, int bar); int pci_rebar_set_size(struct pci_dev *pdev, int bar, int size); static inline u64 pci_rebar_size_to_bytes(int size) { return 1ULL << (size + 20); } struct device_node; #ifdef CONFIG_OF int of_pci_parse_bus_range(struct device_node *node, struct resource *res); int of_get_pci_domain_nr(struct device_node *node); int of_pci_get_max_link_speed(struct device_node *node); void pci_set_of_node(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_release_of_node(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_set_bus_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus); void pci_release_bus_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus); int devm_of_pci_bridge_init(struct device *dev, struct pci_host_bridge *bridge); #else static inline int of_pci_parse_bus_range(struct device_node *node, struct resource *res) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int of_get_pci_domain_nr(struct device_node *node) { return -1; } static inline int of_pci_get_max_link_speed(struct device_node *node) { return -EINVAL; } static inline void pci_set_of_node(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_release_of_node(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline void pci_set_bus_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus) { } static inline void pci_release_bus_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus) { } static inline int devm_of_pci_bridge_init(struct device *dev, struct pci_host_bridge *bridge) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_OF */ #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEAER void pci_no_aer(void); void pci_aer_init(struct pci_dev *dev); void pci_aer_exit(struct pci_dev *dev); extern const struct attribute_group aer_stats_attr_group; void pci_aer_clear_fatal_status(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_aer_clear_status(struct pci_dev *dev); int pci_aer_raw_clear_status(struct pci_dev *dev); #else static inline void pci_no_aer(void) { } static inline void pci_aer_init(struct pci_dev *d) { } static inline void pci_aer_exit(struct pci_dev *d) { } static inline void pci_aer_clear_fatal_status(struct pci_dev *dev) { } static inline int pci_aer_clear_status(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int pci_aer_raw_clear_status(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -EINVAL; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI int pci_acpi_program_hp_params(struct pci_dev *dev); #else static inline int pci_acpi_program_hp_params(struct pci_dev *dev) { return -ENODEV; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCIEASPM extern const struct attribute_group aspm_ctrl_attr_group; #endif #endif /* DRIVERS_PCI_H */
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3420 3421 3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 3484 3485 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_H #define _LINUX_FS_H #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/wait_bit.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/path.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/list_lru.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/semaphore.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/rculist_bl.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/migrate_mode.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/delayed_call.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #include <linux/errseq.h> #include <linux/ioprio.h> #include <linux/fs_types.h> #include <linux/build_bug.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include <uapi/linux/fs.h> struct backing_dev_info; struct bdi_writeback; struct bio; struct export_operations; struct fiemap_extent_info; struct hd_geometry; struct iovec; struct kiocb; struct kobject; struct pipe_inode_info; struct poll_table_struct; struct kstatfs; struct vm_area_struct; struct vfsmount; struct cred; struct swap_info_struct; struct seq_file; struct workqueue_struct; struct iov_iter; struct fscrypt_info; struct fscrypt_operations; struct fsverity_info; struct fsverity_operations; struct fs_context; struct fs_parameter_spec; extern void __init inode_init(void); extern void __init inode_init_early(void); extern void __init files_init(void); extern void __init files_maxfiles_init(void); extern struct files_stat_struct files_stat; extern unsigned long get_max_files(void); extern unsigned int sysctl_nr_open; extern struct inodes_stat_t inodes_stat; extern int leases_enable, lease_break_time; extern int sysctl_protected_symlinks; extern int sysctl_protected_hardlinks; extern int sysctl_protected_fifos; extern int sysctl_protected_regular; typedef __kernel_rwf_t rwf_t; struct buffer_head; typedef int (get_block_t)(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); typedef int (dio_iodone_t)(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset, ssize_t bytes, void *private); #define MAY_EXEC 0x00000001 #define MAY_WRITE 0x00000002 #define MAY_READ 0x00000004 #define MAY_APPEND 0x00000008 #define MAY_ACCESS 0x00000010 #define MAY_OPEN 0x00000020 #define MAY_CHDIR 0x00000040 /* called from RCU mode, don't block */ #define MAY_NOT_BLOCK 0x00000080 /* * flags in file.f_mode. Note that FMODE_READ and FMODE_WRITE must correspond * to O_WRONLY and O_RDWR via the strange trick in do_dentry_open() */ /* file is open for reading */ #define FMODE_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x1) /* file is open for writing */ #define FMODE_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x2) /* file is seekable */ #define FMODE_LSEEK ((__force fmode_t)0x4) /* file can be accessed using pread */ #define FMODE_PREAD ((__force fmode_t)0x8) /* file can be accessed using pwrite */ #define FMODE_PWRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x10) /* File is opened for execution with sys_execve / sys_uselib */ #define FMODE_EXEC ((__force fmode_t)0x20) /* File is opened with O_NDELAY (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_NDELAY ((__force fmode_t)0x40) /* File is opened with O_EXCL (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_EXCL ((__force fmode_t)0x80) /* File is opened using open(.., 3, ..) and is writeable only for ioctls (specialy hack for floppy.c) */ #define FMODE_WRITE_IOCTL ((__force fmode_t)0x100) /* 32bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_32BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x200) /* 64bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_64BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x400) /* * Don't update ctime and mtime. * * Currently a special hack for the XFS open_by_handle ioctl, but we'll * hopefully graduate it to a proper O_CMTIME flag supported by open(2) soon. */ #define FMODE_NOCMTIME ((__force fmode_t)0x800) /* Expect random access pattern */ #define FMODE_RANDOM ((__force fmode_t)0x1000) /* File is huge (eg. /dev/kmem): treat loff_t as unsigned */ #define FMODE_UNSIGNED_OFFSET ((__force fmode_t)0x2000) /* File is opened with O_PATH; almost nothing can be done with it */ #define FMODE_PATH ((__force fmode_t)0x4000) /* File needs atomic accesses to f_pos */ #define FMODE_ATOMIC_POS ((__force fmode_t)0x8000) /* Write access to underlying fs */ #define FMODE_WRITER ((__force fmode_t)0x10000) /* Has read method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x20000) /* Has write method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x40000) #define FMODE_OPENED ((__force fmode_t)0x80000) #define FMODE_CREATED ((__force fmode_t)0x100000) /* File is stream-like */ #define FMODE_STREAM ((__force fmode_t)0x200000) /* File was opened by fanotify and shouldn't generate fanotify events */ #define FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force fmode_t)0x4000000) /* File is capable of returning -EAGAIN if I/O will block */ #define FMODE_NOWAIT ((__force fmode_t)0x8000000) /* File represents mount that needs unmounting */ #define FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x10000000) /* File does not contribute to nr_files count */ #define FMODE_NOACCOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x20000000) /* File supports async buffered reads */ #define FMODE_BUF_RASYNC ((__force fmode_t)0x40000000) /* * Attribute flags. These should be or-ed together to figure out what * has been changed! */ #define ATTR_MODE (1 << 0) #define ATTR_UID (1 << 1) #define ATTR_GID (1 << 2) #define ATTR_SIZE (1 << 3) #define ATTR_ATIME (1 << 4) #define ATTR_MTIME (1 << 5) #define ATTR_CTIME (1 << 6) #define ATTR_ATIME_SET (1 << 7) #define ATTR_MTIME_SET (1 << 8) #define ATTR_FORCE (1 << 9) /* Not a change, but a change it */ #define ATTR_KILL_SUID (1 << 11) #define ATTR_KILL_SGID (1 << 12) #define ATTR_FILE (1 << 13) #define ATTR_KILL_PRIV (1 << 14) #define ATTR_OPEN (1 << 15) /* Truncating from open(O_TRUNC) */ #define ATTR_TIMES_SET (1 << 16) #define ATTR_TOUCH (1 << 17) /* * Whiteout is represented by a char device. The following constants define the * mode and device number to use. */ #define WHITEOUT_MODE 0 #define WHITEOUT_DEV 0 /* * This is the Inode Attributes structure, used for notify_change(). It * uses the above definitions as flags, to know which values have changed. * Also, in this manner, a Filesystem can look at only the values it cares * about. Basically, these are the attributes that the VFS layer can * request to change from the FS layer. * * Derek Atkins <warlord@MIT.EDU> 94-10-20 */ struct iattr { unsigned int ia_valid; umode_t ia_mode; kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; loff_t ia_size; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; /* * Not an attribute, but an auxiliary info for filesystems wanting to * implement an ftruncate() like method. NOTE: filesystem should * check for (ia_valid & ATTR_FILE), and not for (ia_file != NULL). */ struct file *ia_file; }; /* * Includes for diskquotas. */ #include <linux/quota.h> /* * Maximum number of layers of fs stack. Needs to be limited to * prevent kernel stack overflow */ #define FILESYSTEM_MAX_STACK_DEPTH 2 /** * enum positive_aop_returns - aop return codes with specific semantics * * @AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE: Informs the caller that page writeback has * completed, that the page is still locked, and * should be considered active. The VM uses this hint * to return the page to the active list -- it won't * be a candidate for writeback again in the near * future. Other callers must be careful to unlock * the page if they get this return. Returned by * writepage(); * * @AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE: The AOP method that was handed a locked page has * unlocked it and the page might have been truncated. * The caller should back up to acquiring a new page and * trying again. The aop will be taking reasonable * precautions not to livelock. If the caller held a page * reference, it should drop it before retrying. Returned * by readpage(). * * address_space_operation functions return these large constants to indicate * special semantics to the caller. These are much larger than the bytes in a * page to allow for functions that return the number of bytes operated on in a * given page. */ enum positive_aop_returns { AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE = 0x80000, AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE = 0x80001, }; #define AOP_FLAG_CONT_EXPAND 0x0001 /* called from cont_expand */ #define AOP_FLAG_NOFS 0x0002 /* used by filesystem to direct * helper code (eg buffer layer) * to clear GFP_FS from alloc */ /* * oh the beauties of C type declarations. */ struct page; struct address_space; struct writeback_control; struct readahead_control; /* * Write life time hint values. * Stored in struct inode as u8. */ enum rw_hint { WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET = 0, WRITE_LIFE_NONE = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_NONE, WRITE_LIFE_SHORT = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_SHORT, WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM, WRITE_LIFE_LONG = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_LONG, WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME, }; /* Match RWF_* bits to IOCB bits */ #define IOCB_HIPRI (__force int) RWF_HIPRI #define IOCB_DSYNC (__force int) RWF_DSYNC #define IOCB_SYNC (__force int) RWF_SYNC #define IOCB_NOWAIT (__force int) RWF_NOWAIT #define IOCB_APPEND (__force int) RWF_APPEND /* non-RWF related bits - start at 16 */ #define IOCB_EVENTFD (1 << 16) #define IOCB_DIRECT (1 << 17) #define IOCB_WRITE (1 << 18) /* iocb->ki_waitq is valid */ #define IOCB_WAITQ (1 << 19) #define IOCB_NOIO (1 << 20) struct kiocb { struct file *ki_filp; /* The 'ki_filp' pointer is shared in a union for aio */ randomized_struct_fields_start loff_t ki_pos; void (*ki_complete)(struct kiocb *iocb, long ret, long ret2); void *private; int ki_flags; u16 ki_hint; u16 ki_ioprio; /* See linux/ioprio.h */ union { unsigned int ki_cookie; /* for ->iopoll */ struct wait_page_queue *ki_waitq; /* for async buffered IO */ }; randomized_struct_fields_end }; static inline bool is_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb) { return kiocb->ki_complete == NULL; } /* * "descriptor" for what we're up to with a read. * This allows us to use the same read code yet * have multiple different users of the data that * we read from a file. * * The simplest case just copies the data to user * mode. */ typedef struct { size_t written; size_t count; union { char __user *buf; void *data; } arg; int error; } read_descriptor_t; typedef int (*read_actor_t)(read_descriptor_t *, struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long); struct address_space_operations { int (*writepage)(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc); int (*readpage)(struct file *, struct page *); /* Write back some dirty pages from this mapping. */ int (*writepages)(struct address_space *, struct writeback_control *); /* Set a page dirty. Return true if this dirtied it */ int (*set_page_dirty)(struct page *page); /* * Reads in the requested pages. Unlike ->readpage(), this is * PURELY used for read-ahead!. */ int (*readpages)(struct file *filp, struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages, unsigned nr_pages); void (*readahead)(struct readahead_control *); int (*write_begin)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int (*write_end)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /* Unfortunately this kludge is needed for FIBMAP. Don't use it */ sector_t (*bmap)(struct address_space *, sector_t); void (*invalidatepage) (struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); int (*releasepage) (struct page *, gfp_t); void (*freepage)(struct page *); ssize_t (*direct_IO)(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *iter); /* * migrate the contents of a page to the specified target. If * migrate_mode is MIGRATE_ASYNC, it must not block. */ int (*migratepage) (struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); bool (*isolate_page)(struct page *, isolate_mode_t); void (*putback_page)(struct page *); int (*launder_page) (struct page *); int (*is_partially_uptodate) (struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long); void (*is_dirty_writeback) (struct page *, bool *, bool *); int (*error_remove_page)(struct address_space *, struct page *); /* swapfile support */ int (*swap_activate)(struct swap_info_struct *sis, struct file *file, sector_t *span); void (*swap_deactivate)(struct file *file); }; extern const struct address_space_operations empty_aops; /* * pagecache_write_begin/pagecache_write_end must be used by general code * to write into the pagecache. */ int pagecache_write_begin(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int pagecache_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /** * struct address_space - Contents of a cacheable, mappable object. * @host: Owner, either the inode or the block_device. * @i_pages: Cached pages. * @gfp_mask: Memory allocation flags to use for allocating pages. * @i_mmap_writable: Number of VM_SHARED mappings. * @nr_thps: Number of THPs in the pagecache (non-shmem only). * @i_mmap: Tree of private and shared mappings. * @i_mmap_rwsem: Protects @i_mmap and @i_mmap_writable. * @nrpages: Number of page entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @nrexceptional: Shadow or DAX entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @writeback_index: Writeback starts here. * @a_ops: Methods. * @flags: Error bits and flags (AS_*). * @wb_err: The most recent error which has occurred. * @private_lock: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_list: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_data: For use by the owner of the address_space. */ struct address_space { struct inode *host; struct xarray i_pages; gfp_t gfp_mask; atomic_t i_mmap_writable; #ifdef CONFIG_READ_ONLY_THP_FOR_FS /* number of thp, only for non-shmem files */ atomic_t nr_thps; #endif struct rb_root_cached i_mmap; struct rw_semaphore i_mmap_rwsem; unsigned long nrpages; unsigned long nrexceptional; pgoff_t writeback_index; const struct address_space_operations *a_ops; unsigned long flags; errseq_t wb_err; spinlock_t private_lock; struct list_head private_list; void *private_data; } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long)))) __randomize_layout; /* * On most architectures that alignment is already the case; but * must be enforced here for CRIS, to let the least significant bit * of struct page's "mapping" pointer be used for PAGE_MAPPING_ANON. */ /* XArray tags, for tagging dirty and writeback pages in the pagecache. */ #define PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY XA_MARK_0 #define PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK XA_MARK_1 #define PAGECACHE_TAG_TOWRITE XA_MARK_2 /* * Returns true if any of the pages in the mapping are marked with the tag. */ static inline bool mapping_tagged(struct address_space *mapping, xa_mark_t tag) { return xa_marked(&mapping->i_pages, tag); } static inline void i_mmap_lock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { down_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline int i_mmap_trylock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { return down_write_trylock(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_unlock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { up_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_lock_read(struct address_space *mapping) { down_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_unlock_read(struct address_space *mapping) { up_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_assert_locked(struct address_space *mapping) { lockdep_assert_held(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_assert_write_locked(struct address_space *mapping) { lockdep_assert_held_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } /* * Might pages of this file be mapped into userspace? */ static inline int mapping_mapped(struct address_space *mapping) { return !RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root); } /* * Might pages of this file have been modified in userspace? * Note that i_mmap_writable counts all VM_SHARED vmas: do_mmap * marks vma as VM_SHARED if it is shared, and the file was opened for * writing i.e. vma may be mprotected writable even if now readonly. * * If i_mmap_writable is negative, no new writable mappings are allowed. You * can only deny writable mappings, if none exists right now. */ static inline int mapping_writably_mapped(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_read(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) > 0; } static inline int mapping_map_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_inc_unless_negative(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ? 0 : -EPERM; } static inline void mapping_unmap_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { atomic_dec(&mapping->i_mmap_writable); } static inline int mapping_deny_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_dec_unless_positive(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ? 0 : -EBUSY; } static inline void mapping_allow_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { atomic_inc(&mapping->i_mmap_writable); } /* * Use sequence counter to get consistent i_size on 32-bit processors. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) #include <linux/seqlock.h> #define __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED #define i_size_ordered_init(inode) seqcount_init(&inode->i_size_seqcount) #else #define i_size_ordered_init(inode) do { } while (0) #endif struct posix_acl; #define ACL_NOT_CACHED ((void *)(-1)) #define ACL_DONT_CACHE ((void *)(-3)) static inline struct posix_acl * uncached_acl_sentinel(struct task_struct *task) { return (void *)task + 1; } static inline bool is_uncached_acl(struct posix_acl *acl) { return (long)acl & 1; } #define IOP_FASTPERM 0x0001 #define IOP_LOOKUP 0x0002 #define IOP_NOFOLLOW 0x0004 #define IOP_XATTR 0x0008 #define IOP_DEFAULT_READLINK 0x0010 struct fsnotify_mark_connector; /* * Keep mostly read-only and often accessed (especially for * the RCU path lookup and 'stat' data) fields at the beginning * of the 'struct inode' */ struct inode { umode_t i_mode; unsigned short i_opflags; kuid_t i_uid; kgid_t i_gid; unsigned int i_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL struct posix_acl *i_acl; struct posix_acl *i_default_acl; #endif const struct inode_operations *i_op; struct super_block *i_sb; struct address_space *i_mapping; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *i_security; #endif /* Stat data, not accessed from path walking */ unsigned long i_ino; /* * Filesystems may only read i_nlink directly. They shall use the * following functions for modification: * * (set|clear|inc|drop)_nlink * inode_(inc|dec)_link_count */ union { const unsigned int i_nlink; unsigned int __i_nlink; }; dev_t i_rdev; loff_t i_size; struct timespec64 i_atime; struct timespec64 i_mtime; struct timespec64 i_ctime; spinlock_t i_lock; /* i_blocks, i_bytes, maybe i_size */ unsigned short i_bytes; u8 i_blkbits; u8 i_write_hint; blkcnt_t i_blocks; #ifdef __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED seqcount_t i_size_seqcount; #endif /* Misc */ unsigned long i_state; struct rw_semaphore i_rwsem; unsigned long dirtied_when; /* jiffies of first dirtying */ unsigned long dirtied_time_when; struct hlist_node i_hash; struct list_head i_io_list; /* backing dev IO list */ #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK struct bdi_writeback *i_wb; /* the associated cgroup wb */ /* foreign inode detection, see wbc_detach_inode() */ int i_wb_frn_winner; u16 i_wb_frn_avg_time; u16 i_wb_frn_history; #endif struct list_head i_lru; /* inode LRU list */ struct list_head i_sb_list; struct list_head i_wb_list; /* backing dev writeback list */ union { struct hlist_head i_dentry; struct rcu_head i_rcu; }; atomic64_t i_version; atomic64_t i_sequence; /* see futex */ atomic_t i_count; atomic_t i_dio_count; atomic_t i_writecount; #if defined(CONFIG_IMA) || defined(CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING) atomic_t i_readcount; /* struct files open RO */ #endif union { const struct file_operations *i_fop; /* former ->i_op->default_file_ops */ void (*free_inode)(struct inode *); }; struct file_lock_context *i_flctx; struct address_space i_data; struct list_head i_devices; union { struct pipe_inode_info *i_pipe; struct block_device *i_bdev; struct cdev *i_cdev; char *i_link; unsigned i_dir_seq; }; __u32 i_generation; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY __u32 i_fsnotify_mask; /* all events this inode cares about */ struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *i_fsnotify_marks; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION struct fscrypt_info *i_crypt_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY struct fsverity_info *i_verity_info; #endif void *i_private; /* fs or device private pointer */ } __randomize_layout; struct timespec64 timestamp_truncate(struct timespec64 t, struct inode *inode); static inline unsigned int i_blocksize(const struct inode *node) { return (1 << node->i_blkbits); } static inline int inode_unhashed(struct inode *inode) { return hlist_unhashed(&inode->i_hash); } /* * __mark_inode_dirty expects inodes to be hashed. Since we don't * want special inodes in the fileset inode space, we make them * appear hashed, but do not put on any lists. hlist_del() * will work fine and require no locking. */ static inline void inode_fake_hash(struct inode *inode) { hlist_add_fake(&inode->i_hash); } /* * inode->i_mutex nesting subclasses for the lock validator: * * 0: the object of the current VFS operation * 1: parent * 2: child/target * 3: xattr * 4: second non-directory * 5: second parent (when locking independent directories in rename) * * I_MUTEX_NONDIR2 is for certain operations (such as rename) which lock two * non-directories at once. * * The locking order between these classes is * parent[2] -> child -> grandchild -> normal -> xattr -> second non-directory */ enum inode_i_mutex_lock_class { I_MUTEX_NORMAL, I_MUTEX_PARENT, I_MUTEX_CHILD, I_MUTEX_XATTR, I_MUTEX_NONDIR2, I_MUTEX_PARENT2, }; static inline void inode_lock(struct inode *inode) { down_write(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_unlock(struct inode *inode) { up_write(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_lock_shared(struct inode *inode) { down_read(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_unlock_shared(struct inode *inode) { up_read(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_trylock(struct inode *inode) { return down_write_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_trylock_shared(struct inode *inode) { return down_read_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_is_locked(struct inode *inode) { return rwsem_is_locked(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_lock_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass) { down_write_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass); } static inline void inode_lock_shared_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass) { down_read_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass); } void lock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*); void unlock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*); /* * NOTE: in a 32bit arch with a preemptable kernel and * an UP compile the i_size_read/write must be atomic * with respect to the local cpu (unlike with preempt disabled), * but they don't need to be atomic with respect to other cpus like in * true SMP (so they need either to either locally disable irq around * the read or for example on x86 they can be still implemented as a * cmpxchg8b without the need of the lock prefix). For SMP compiles * and 64bit archs it makes no difference if preempt is enabled or not. */ static inline loff_t i_size_read(const struct inode *inode) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) loff_t i_size; unsigned int seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount); i_size = inode->i_size; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&inode->i_size_seqcount, seq)); return i_size; #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) loff_t i_size; preempt_disable(); i_size = inode->i_size; preempt_enable(); return i_size; #else return inode->i_size; #endif } /* * NOTE: unlike i_size_read(), i_size_write() does need locking around it * (normally i_mutex), otherwise on 32bit/SMP an update of i_size_seqcount * can be lost, resulting in subsequent i_size_read() calls spinning forever. */ static inline void i_size_write(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_size) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) preempt_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount); inode->i_size = i_size; write_seqcount_end(&inode->i_size_seqcount); preempt_enable(); #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) preempt_disable(); inode->i_size = i_size; preempt_enable(); #else inode->i_size = i_size; #endif } static inline unsigned iminor(const struct inode *inode) { return MINOR(inode->i_rdev); } static inline unsigned imajor(const struct inode *inode) { return MAJOR(inode->i_rdev); } struct fown_struct { rwlock_t lock; /* protects pid, uid, euid fields */ struct pid *pid; /* pid or -pgrp where SIGIO should be sent */ enum pid_type pid_type; /* Kind of process group SIGIO should be sent to */ kuid_t uid, euid; /* uid/euid of process setting the owner */ int signum; /* posix.1b rt signal to be delivered on IO */ }; /* * Track a single file's readahead state */ struct file_ra_state { pgoff_t start; /* where readahead started */ unsigned int size; /* # of readahead pages */ unsigned int async_size; /* do asynchronous readahead when there are only # of pages ahead */ unsigned int ra_pages; /* Maximum readahead window */ unsigned int mmap_miss; /* Cache miss stat for mmap accesses */ loff_t prev_pos; /* Cache last read() position */ }; /* * Check if @index falls in the readahead windows. */ static inline int ra_has_index(struct file_ra_state *ra, pgoff_t index) { return (index >= ra->start && index < ra->start + ra->size); } struct file { union { struct llist_node fu_llist; struct rcu_head fu_rcuhead; } f_u; struct path f_path; struct inode *f_inode; /* cached value */ const struct file_operations *f_op; /* * Protects f_ep_links, f_flags. * Must not be taken from IRQ context. */ spinlock_t f_lock; enum rw_hint f_write_hint; atomic_long_t f_count; unsigned int f_flags; fmode_t f_mode; struct mutex f_pos_lock; loff_t f_pos; struct fown_struct f_owner; const struct cred *f_cred; struct file_ra_state f_ra; u64 f_version; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *f_security; #endif /* needed for tty driver, and maybe others */ void *private_data; #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL /* Used by fs/eventpoll.c to link all the hooks to this file */ struct list_head f_ep_links; struct list_head f_tfile_llink; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL */ struct address_space *f_mapping; errseq_t f_wb_err; errseq_t f_sb_err; /* for syncfs */ } __randomize_layout __attribute__((aligned(4))); /* lest something weird decides that 2 is OK */ struct file_handle { __u32 handle_bytes; int handle_type; /* file identifier */ unsigned char f_handle[]; }; static inline struct file *get_file(struct file *f) { atomic_long_inc(&f->f_count); return f; } #define get_file_rcu_many(x, cnt) \ atomic_long_add_unless(&(x)->f_count, (cnt), 0) #define get_file_rcu(x) get_file_rcu_many((x), 1) #define file_count(x) atomic_long_read(&(x)->f_count) #define MAX_NON_LFS ((1UL<<31) - 1) /* Page cache limit. The filesystems should put that into their s_maxbytes limits, otherwise bad things can happen in VM. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 #define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE ((loff_t)ULONG_MAX << PAGE_SHIFT) #elif BITS_PER_LONG==64 #define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE ((loff_t)LLONG_MAX) #endif #define FL_POSIX 1 #define FL_FLOCK 2 #define FL_DELEG 4 /* NFSv4 delegation */ #define FL_ACCESS 8 /* not trying to lock, just looking */ #define FL_EXISTS 16 /* when unlocking, test for existence */ #define FL_LEASE 32 /* lease held on this file */ #define FL_CLOSE 64 /* unlock on close */ #define FL_SLEEP 128 /* A blocking lock */ #define FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING 256 /* Lease is being downgraded */ #define FL_UNLOCK_PENDING 512 /* Lease is being broken */ #define FL_OFDLCK 1024 /* lock is "owned" by struct file */ #define FL_LAYOUT 2048 /* outstanding pNFS layout */ #define FL_CLOSE_POSIX (FL_POSIX | FL_CLOSE) /* * Special return value from posix_lock_file() and vfs_lock_file() for * asynchronous locking. */ #define FILE_LOCK_DEFERRED 1 /* legacy typedef, should eventually be removed */ typedef void *fl_owner_t; struct file_lock; struct file_lock_operations { void (*fl_copy_lock)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); void (*fl_release_private)(struct file_lock *); }; struct lock_manager_operations { fl_owner_t (*lm_get_owner)(fl_owner_t); void (*lm_put_owner)(fl_owner_t); void (*lm_notify)(struct file_lock *); /* unblock callback */ int (*lm_grant)(struct file_lock *, int); bool (*lm_break)(struct file_lock *); int (*lm_change)(struct file_lock *, int, struc