1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_KDEV_T_H #define _LINUX_KDEV_T_H #include <uapi/linux/kdev_t.h> #define MINORBITS 20 #define MINORMASK ((1U << MINORBITS) - 1) #define MAJOR(dev) ((unsigned int) ((dev) >> MINORBITS)) #define MINOR(dev) ((unsigned int) ((dev) & MINORMASK)) #define MKDEV(ma,mi) (((ma) << MINORBITS) | (mi)) #define print_dev_t(buffer, dev) \ sprintf((buffer), "%u:%u\n", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev)) #define format_dev_t(buffer, dev) \ ({ \ sprintf(buffer, "%u:%u", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev)); \ buffer; \ }) /* acceptable for old filesystems */ static __always_inline bool old_valid_dev(dev_t dev) { return MAJOR(dev) < 256 && MINOR(dev) < 256; } static __always_inline u16 old_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { return (MAJOR(dev) << 8) | MINOR(dev); } static __always_inline dev_t old_decode_dev(u16 val) { return MKDEV((val >> 8) & 255, val & 255); } static __always_inline u32 new_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { unsigned major = MAJOR(dev); unsigned minor = MINOR(dev); return (minor & 0xff) | (major << 8) | ((minor & ~0xff) << 12); } static __always_inline dev_t new_decode_dev(u32 dev) { unsigned major = (dev & 0xfff00) >> 8; unsigned minor = (dev & 0xff) | ((dev >> 12) & 0xfff00); return MKDEV(major, minor); } static __always_inline u64 huge_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { return new_encode_dev(dev); } static __always_inline dev_t huge_decode_dev(u64 dev) { return new_decode_dev(dev); } static __always_inline int sysv_valid_dev(dev_t dev) { return MAJOR(dev) < (1<<14) && MINOR(dev) < (1<<18); } static __always_inline u32 sysv_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { return MINOR(dev) | (MAJOR(dev) << 18); } static __always_inline unsigned sysv_major(u32 dev) { return (dev >> 18) & 0x3fff; } static __always_inline unsigned sysv_minor(u32 dev) { return dev & 0x3ffff; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PID_H #define _LINUX_PID_H #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> enum pid_type { PIDTYPE_PID, PIDTYPE_TGID, PIDTYPE_PGID, PIDTYPE_SID, PIDTYPE_MAX, }; /* * What is struct pid? * * A struct pid is the kernel's internal notion of a process identifier. * It refers to individual tasks, process groups, and sessions. While * there are processes attached to it the struct pid lives in a hash * table, so it and then the processes that it refers to can be found * quickly from the numeric pid value. The attached processes may be * quickly accessed by following pointers from struct pid. * * Storing pid_t values in the kernel and referring to them later has a * problem. The process originally with that pid may have exited and the * pid allocator wrapped, and another process could have come along * and been assigned that pid. * * Referring to user space processes by holding a reference to struct * task_struct has a problem. When the user space process exits * the now useless task_struct is still kept. A task_struct plus a * stack consumes around 10K of low kernel memory. More precisely * this is THREAD_SIZE + sizeof(struct task_struct). By comparison * a struct pid is about 64 bytes. * * Holding a reference to struct pid solves both of these problems. * It is small so holding a reference does not consume a lot of * resources, and since a new struct pid is allocated when the numeric pid * value is reused (when pids wrap around) we don't mistakenly refer to new * processes. */ /* * struct upid is used to get the id of the struct pid, as it is * seen in particular namespace. Later the struct pid is found with * find_pid_ns() using the int nr and struct pid_namespace *ns. */ struct upid { int nr; struct pid_namespace *ns; }; struct pid { refcount_t count; unsigned int level; spinlock_t lock; /* lists of tasks that use this pid */ struct hlist_head tasks[PIDTYPE_MAX]; struct hlist_head inodes; /* wait queue for pidfd notifications */ wait_queue_head_t wait_pidfd; struct rcu_head rcu; struct upid numbers[1]; }; extern struct pid init_struct_pid; extern const struct file_operations pidfd_fops; struct file; extern struct pid *pidfd_pid(const struct file *file); struct pid *pidfd_get_pid(unsigned int fd, unsigned int *flags); static inline struct pid *get_pid(struct pid *pid) { if (pid) refcount_inc(&pid->count); return pid; } extern void put_pid(struct pid *pid); extern struct task_struct *pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type); static inline bool pid_has_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type type) { return !hlist_empty(&pid->tasks[type]); } extern struct task_struct *get_pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type); extern struct pid *get_task_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type); /* * these helpers must be called with the tasklist_lock write-held. */ extern void attach_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type); extern void detach_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type); extern void change_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type, struct pid *pid); extern void exchange_tids(struct task_struct *task, struct task_struct *old); extern void transfer_pid(struct task_struct *old, struct task_struct *new, enum pid_type); struct pid_namespace; extern struct pid_namespace init_pid_ns; extern int pid_max; extern int pid_max_min, pid_max_max; /* * look up a PID in the hash table. Must be called with the tasklist_lock * or rcu_read_lock() held. * * find_pid_ns() finds the pid in the namespace specified * find_vpid() finds the pid by its virtual id, i.e. in the current namespace * * see also find_task_by_vpid() set in include/linux/sched.h */ extern struct pid *find_pid_ns(int nr, struct pid_namespace *ns); extern struct pid *find_vpid(int nr); /* * Lookup a PID in the hash table, and return with it's count elevated. */ extern struct pid *find_get_pid(int nr); extern struct pid *find_ge_pid(int nr, struct pid_namespace *); extern struct pid *alloc_pid(struct pid_namespace *ns, pid_t *set_tid, size_t set_tid_size); extern void free_pid(struct pid *pid); extern void disable_pid_allocation(struct pid_namespace *ns); /* * ns_of_pid() returns the pid namespace in which the specified pid was * allocated. * * NOTE: * ns_of_pid() is expected to be called for a process (task) that has * an attached 'struct pid' (see attach_pid(), detach_pid()) i.e @pid * is expected to be non-NULL. If @pid is NULL, caller should handle * the resulting NULL pid-ns. */ static inline struct pid_namespace *ns_of_pid(struct pid *pid) { struct pid_namespace *ns = NULL; if (pid) ns = pid->numbers[pid->level].ns; return ns; } /* * is_child_reaper returns true if the pid is the init process * of the current namespace. As this one could be checked before * pid_ns->child_reaper is assigned in copy_process, we check * with the pid number. */ static inline bool is_child_reaper(struct pid *pid) { return pid->numbers[pid->level].nr == 1; } /* * the helpers to get the pid's id seen from different namespaces * * pid_nr() : global id, i.e. the id seen from the init namespace; * pid_vnr() : virtual id, i.e. the id seen from the pid namespace of * current. * pid_nr_ns() : id seen from the ns specified. * * see also task_xid_nr() etc in include/linux/sched.h */ static inline pid_t pid_nr(struct pid *pid) { pid_t nr = 0; if (pid) nr = pid->numbers[0].nr; return nr; } pid_t pid_nr_ns(struct pid *pid, struct pid_namespace *ns); pid_t pid_vnr(struct pid *pid); #define do_each_pid_task(pid, type, task) \ do { \ if ((pid) != NULL) \ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu((task), \ &(pid)->tasks[type], pid_links[type]) { /* * Both old and new leaders may be attached to * the same pid in the middle of de_thread(). */ #define while_each_pid_task(pid, type, task) \ if (type == PIDTYPE_PID) \ break; \ } \ } while (0) #define do_each_pid_thread(pid, type, task) \ do_each_pid_task(pid, type, task) { \ struct task_struct *tg___ = task; \ for_each_thread(tg___, task) { #define while_each_pid_thread(pid, type, task) \ } \ task = tg___; \ } while_each_pid_task(pid, type, task) #endif /* _LINUX_PID_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright (C) 1994 Linus Torvalds * * Pentium III FXSR, SSE support * General FPU state handling cleanups * Gareth Hughes <gareth@valinux.com>, May 2000 * x86-64 work by Andi Kleen 2002 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_FPU_INTERNAL_H #define _ASM_X86_FPU_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <asm/user.h> #include <asm/fpu/api.h> #include <asm/fpu/xstate.h> #include <asm/fpu/xcr.h> #include <asm/cpufeature.h> #include <asm/trace/fpu.h> /* * High level FPU state handling functions: */ extern void fpu__prepare_read(struct fpu *fpu); extern void fpu__prepare_write(struct fpu *fpu); extern void fpu__save(struct fpu *fpu); extern int fpu__restore_sig(void __user *buf, int ia32_frame); extern void fpu__drop(struct fpu *fpu); extern int fpu__copy(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src); extern void fpu__clear_user_states(struct fpu *fpu); extern void fpu__clear_all(struct fpu *fpu); extern int fpu__exception_code(struct fpu *fpu, int trap_nr); /* * Boot time FPU initialization functions: */ extern void fpu__init_cpu(void); extern void fpu__init_system_xstate(void); extern void fpu__init_cpu_xstate(void); extern void fpu__init_system(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c); extern void fpu__init_check_bugs(void); extern void fpu__resume_cpu(void); extern u64 fpu__get_supported_xfeatures_mask(void); /* * Debugging facility: */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_DEBUG_FPU # define WARN_ON_FPU(x) WARN_ON_ONCE(x) #else # define WARN_ON_FPU(x) ({ (void)(x); 0; }) #endif /* * FPU related CPU feature flag helper routines: */ static __always_inline __pure bool use_xsaveopt(void) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVEOPT); } static __always_inline __pure bool use_xsave(void) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVE); } static __always_inline __pure bool use_fxsr(void) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FXSR); } /* * fpstate handling functions: */ extern union fpregs_state init_fpstate; extern void fpstate_init(union fpregs_state *state); #ifdef CONFIG_MATH_EMULATION extern void fpstate_init_soft(struct swregs_state *soft); #else static inline void fpstate_init_soft(struct swregs_state *soft) {} #endif static inline void fpstate_init_xstate(struct xregs_state *xsave) { /* * XRSTORS requires these bits set in xcomp_bv, or it will * trigger #GP: */ xsave->header.xcomp_bv = XCOMP_BV_COMPACTED_FORMAT | xfeatures_mask_all; } static inline void fpstate_init_fxstate(struct fxregs_state *fx) { fx->cwd = 0x37f; fx->mxcsr = MXCSR_DEFAULT; } extern void fpstate_sanitize_xstate(struct fpu *fpu); /* Returns 0 or the negated trap number, which results in -EFAULT for #PF */ #define user_insn(insn, output, input...) \ ({ \ int err; \ \ might_fault(); \ \ asm volatile(ASM_STAC "\n" \ "1: " #insn "\n" \ "2: " ASM_CLAC "\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3: negl %%eax\n" \ " jmp 2b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_FAULT(1b, 3b) \ : [err] "=a" (err), output \ : "0"(0), input); \ err; \ }) #define kernel_insn_err(insn, output, input...) \ ({ \ int err; \ asm volatile("1:" #insn "\n\t" \ "2:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3: movl $-1,%[err]\n" \ " jmp 2b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 3b) \ : [err] "=r" (err), output \ : "0"(0), input); \ err; \ }) #define kernel_insn(insn, output, input...) \ asm volatile("1:" #insn "\n\t" \ "2:\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_fprestore) \ : output : input) static inline int copy_fregs_to_user(struct fregs_state __user *fx) { return user_insn(fnsave %[fx]; fwait, [fx] "=m" (*fx), "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_fxregs_to_user(struct fxregs_state __user *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) return user_insn(fxsave %[fx], [fx] "=m" (*fx), "m" (*fx)); else return user_insn(fxsaveq %[fx], [fx] "=m" (*fx), "m" (*fx)); } static inline void copy_kernel_to_fxregs(struct fxregs_state *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) kernel_insn(fxrstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); else kernel_insn(fxrstorq %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_kernel_to_fxregs_err(struct fxregs_state *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) return kernel_insn_err(fxrstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); else return kernel_insn_err(fxrstorq %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_user_to_fxregs(struct fxregs_state __user *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) return user_insn(fxrstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); else return user_insn(fxrstorq %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline void copy_kernel_to_fregs(struct fregs_state *fx) { kernel_insn(frstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_kernel_to_fregs_err(struct fregs_state *fx) { return kernel_insn_err(frstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_user_to_fregs(struct fregs_state __user *fx) { return user_insn(frstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline void copy_fxregs_to_kernel(struct fpu *fpu) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) asm volatile( "fxsave %[fx]" : [fx] "=m" (fpu->state.fxsave)); else asm volatile("fxsaveq %[fx]" : [fx] "=m" (fpu->state.fxsave)); } static inline void fxsave(struct fxregs_state *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) asm volatile( "fxsave %[fx]" : [fx] "=m" (*fx)); else asm volatile("fxsaveq %[fx]" : [fx] "=m" (*fx)); } /* These macros all use (%edi)/(%rdi) as the single memory argument. */ #define XSAVE ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xae,0x27" #define XSAVEOPT ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xae,0x37" #define XSAVES ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xc7,0x2f" #define XRSTOR ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xae,0x2f" #define XRSTORS ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xc7,0x1f" /* * After this @err contains 0 on success or the negated trap number when * the operation raises an exception. For faults this results in -EFAULT. */ #define XSTATE_OP(op, st, lmask, hmask, err) \ asm volatile("1:" op "\n\t" \ "xor %[err], %[err]\n" \ "2:\n\t" \ ".pushsection .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t" \ "3: negl %%eax\n\t" \ "jmp 2b\n\t" \ ".popsection\n\t" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_FAULT(1b, 3b) \ : [err] "=a" (err) \ : "D" (st), "m" (*st), "a" (lmask), "d" (hmask) \ : "memory") /* * If XSAVES is enabled, it replaces XSAVEOPT because it supports a compact * format and supervisor states in addition to modified optimization in * XSAVEOPT. * * Otherwise, if XSAVEOPT is enabled, XSAVEOPT replaces XSAVE because XSAVEOPT * supports modified optimization which is not supported by XSAVE. * * We use XSAVE as a fallback. * * The 661 label is defined in the ALTERNATIVE* macros as the address of the * original instruction which gets replaced. We need to use it here as the * address of the instruction where we might get an exception at. */ #define XSTATE_XSAVE(st, lmask, hmask, err) \ asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE_2(XSAVE, \ XSAVEOPT, X86_FEATURE_XSAVEOPT, \ XSAVES, X86_FEATURE_XSAVES) \ "\n" \ "xor %[err], %[err]\n" \ "3:\n" \ ".pushsection .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "4: movl $-2, %[err]\n" \ "jmp 3b\n" \ ".popsection\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE(661b, 4b) \ : [err] "=r" (err) \ : "D" (st), "m" (*st), "a" (lmask), "d" (hmask) \ : "memory") /* * Use XRSTORS to restore context if it is enabled. XRSTORS supports compact * XSAVE area format. */ #define XSTATE_XRESTORE(st, lmask, hmask) \ asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE(XRSTOR, \ XRSTORS, X86_FEATURE_XSAVES) \ "\n" \ "3:\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(661b, 3b, ex_handler_fprestore)\ : \ : "D" (st), "m" (*st), "a" (lmask), "d" (hmask) \ : "memory") /* * This function is called only during boot time when x86 caps are not set * up and alternative can not be used yet. */ static inline void copy_kernel_to_xregs_booting(struct xregs_state *xstate) { u64 mask = -1; u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; WARN_ON(system_state != SYSTEM_BOOTING); if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVES)) XSTATE_OP(XRSTORS, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); else XSTATE_OP(XRSTOR, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); /* * We should never fault when copying from a kernel buffer, and the FPU * state we set at boot time should be valid. */ WARN_ON_FPU(err); } /* * Save processor xstate to xsave area. */ static inline void copy_xregs_to_kernel(struct xregs_state *xstate) { u64 mask = xfeatures_mask_all; u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; WARN_ON_FPU(!alternatives_patched); XSTATE_XSAVE(xstate, lmask, hmask, err); /* We should never fault when copying to a kernel buffer: */ WARN_ON_FPU(err); } /* * Restore processor xstate from xsave area. */ static inline void copy_kernel_to_xregs(struct xregs_state *xstate, u64 mask) { u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; XSTATE_XRESTORE(xstate, lmask, hmask); } /* * Save xstate to user space xsave area. * * We don't use modified optimization because xrstor/xrstors might track * a different application. * * We don't use compacted format xsave area for * backward compatibility for old applications which don't understand * compacted format of xsave area. */ static inline int copy_xregs_to_user(struct xregs_state __user *buf) { u64 mask = xfeatures_mask_user(); u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; /* * Clear the xsave header first, so that reserved fields are * initialized to zero. */ err = __clear_user(&buf->header, sizeof(buf->header)); if (unlikely(err)) return -EFAULT; stac(); XSTATE_OP(XSAVE, buf, lmask, hmask, err); clac(); return err; } /* * Restore xstate from user space xsave area. */ static inline int copy_user_to_xregs(struct xregs_state __user *buf, u64 mask) { struct xregs_state *xstate = ((__force struct xregs_state *)buf); u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; stac(); XSTATE_OP(XRSTOR, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); clac(); return err; } /* * Restore xstate from kernel space xsave area, return an error code instead of * an exception. */ static inline int copy_kernel_to_xregs_err(struct xregs_state *xstate, u64 mask) { u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVES)) XSTATE_OP(XRSTORS, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); else XSTATE_OP(XRSTOR, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); return err; } extern int copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(struct fpu *fpu); static inline void __copy_kernel_to_fpregs(union fpregs_state *fpstate, u64 mask) { if (use_xsave()) { copy_kernel_to_xregs(&fpstate->xsave, mask); } else { if (use_fxsr()) copy_kernel_to_fxregs(&fpstate->fxsave); else copy_kernel_to_fregs(&fpstate->fsave); } } static inline void copy_kernel_to_fpregs(union fpregs_state *fpstate) { /* * AMD K7/K8 CPUs don't save/restore FDP/FIP/FOP unless an exception is * pending. Clear the x87 state here by setting it to fixed values. * "m" is a random variable that should be in L1. */ if (unlikely(static_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_FXSAVE_LEAK))) { asm volatile( "fnclex\n\t" "emms\n\t" "fildl %P[addr]" /* set F?P to defined value */ : : [addr] "m" (fpstate)); } __copy_kernel_to_fpregs(fpstate, -1); } extern int copy_fpstate_to_sigframe(void __user *buf, void __user *fp, int size); /* * FPU context switch related helper methods: */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct fpu *, fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx); /* * The in-register FPU state for an FPU context on a CPU is assumed to be * valid if the fpu->last_cpu matches the CPU, and the fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx * matches the FPU. * * If the FPU register state is valid, the kernel can skip restoring the * FPU state from memory. * * Any code that clobbers the FPU registers or updates the in-memory * FPU state for a task MUST let the rest of the kernel know that the * FPU registers are no longer valid for this task. * * Either one of these invalidation functions is enough. Invalidate * a resource you control: CPU if using the CPU for something else * (with preemption disabled), FPU for the current task, or a task that * is prevented from running by the current task. */ static inline void __cpu_invalidate_fpregs_state(void) { __this_cpu_write(fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx, NULL); } static inline void __fpu_invalidate_fpregs_state(struct fpu *fpu) { fpu->last_cpu = -1; } static inline int fpregs_state_valid(struct fpu *fpu, unsigned int cpu) { return fpu == this_cpu_read(fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx) && cpu == fpu->last_cpu; } /* * These generally need preemption protection to work, * do try to avoid using these on their own: */ static inline void fpregs_deactivate(struct fpu *fpu) { this_cpu_write(fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx, NULL); trace_x86_fpu_regs_deactivated(fpu); } static inline void fpregs_activate(struct fpu *fpu) { this_cpu_write(fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx, fpu); trace_x86_fpu_regs_activated(fpu); } /* * Internal helper, do not use directly. Use switch_fpu_return() instead. */ static inline void __fpregs_load_activate(void) { struct fpu *fpu = &current->thread.fpu; int cpu = smp_processor_id(); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) return; if (!fpregs_state_valid(fpu, cpu)) { copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&fpu->state); fpregs_activate(fpu); fpu->last_cpu = cpu; } clear_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); } /* * FPU state switching for scheduling. * * This is a two-stage process: * * - switch_fpu_prepare() saves the old state. * This is done within the context of the old process. * * - switch_fpu_finish() sets TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD; the floating point state * will get loaded on return to userspace, or when the kernel needs it. * * If TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD is cleared then the CPU's FPU registers * are saved in the current thread's FPU register state. * * If TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD is set then CPU's FPU registers may not * hold current()'s FPU registers. It is required to load the * registers before returning to userland or using the content * otherwise. * * The FPU context is only stored/restored for a user task and * PF_KTHREAD is used to distinguish between kernel and user threads. */ static inline void switch_fpu_prepare(struct fpu *old_fpu, int cpu) { if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU) && !(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) { if (!copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(old_fpu)) old_fpu->last_cpu = -1; else old_fpu->last_cpu = cpu; /* But leave fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx! */ trace_x86_fpu_regs_deactivated(old_fpu); } } /* * Misc helper functions: */ /* * Load PKRU from the FPU context if available. Delay loading of the * complete FPU state until the return to userland. */ static inline void switch_fpu_finish(struct fpu *new_fpu) { u32 pkru_val = init_pkru_value; struct pkru_state *pk; if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) return; set_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return; /* * PKRU state is switched eagerly because it needs to be valid before we * return to userland e.g. for a copy_to_user() operation. */ if (!(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) { /* * If the PKRU bit in xsave.header.xfeatures is not set, * then the PKRU component was in init state, which means * XRSTOR will set PKRU to 0. If the bit is not set then * get_xsave_addr() will return NULL because the PKRU value * in memory is not valid. This means pkru_val has to be * set to 0 and not to init_pkru_value. */ pk = get_xsave_addr(&new_fpu->state.xsave, XFEATURE_PKRU); pkru_val = pk ? pk->pkru : 0; } __write_pkru(pkru_val); } #endif /* _ASM_X86_FPU_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM oom #if !defined(_TRACE_OOM_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_OOM_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> TRACE_EVENT(oom_score_adj_update, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *task), TP_ARGS(task), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( pid_t, pid) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( short, oom_score_adj) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = task->pid; memcpy(__entry->comm, task->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->oom_score_adj = task->signal->oom_score_adj; ), TP_printk("pid=%d comm=%s oom_score_adj=%hd", __entry->pid, __entry->comm, __entry->oom_score_adj) ); TRACE_EVENT(reclaim_retry_zone, TP_PROTO(struct zoneref *zoneref, int order, unsigned long reclaimable, unsigned long available, unsigned long min_wmark, int no_progress_loops, bool wmark_check), TP_ARGS(zoneref, order, reclaimable, available, min_wmark, no_progress_loops, wmark_check), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, node) __field( int, zone_idx) __field( int, order) __field( unsigned long, reclaimable) __field( unsigned long, available) __field( unsigned long, min_wmark) __field( int, no_progress_loops) __field( bool, wmark_check) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->node = zone_to_nid(zoneref->zone); __entry->zone_idx = zoneref->zone_idx; __entry->order = order; __entry->reclaimable = reclaimable; __entry->available = available; __entry->min_wmark = min_wmark; __entry->no_progress_loops = no_progress_loops; __entry->wmark_check = wmark_check; ), TP_printk("node=%d zone=%-8s order=%d reclaimable=%lu available=%lu min_wmark=%lu no_progress_loops=%d wmark_check=%d", __entry->node, __print_symbolic(__entry->zone_idx, ZONE_TYPE), __entry->order, __entry->reclaimable, __entry->available, __entry->min_wmark, __entry->no_progress_loops, __entry->wmark_check) ); TRACE_EVENT(mark_victim, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(wake_reaper, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(start_task_reaping, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(finish_task_reaping, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(skip_task_reaping, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION TRACE_EVENT(compact_retry, TP_PROTO(int order, enum compact_priority priority, enum compact_result result, int retries, int max_retries, bool ret), TP_ARGS(order, priority, result, retries, max_retries, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, order) __field( int, priority) __field( int, result) __field( int, retries) __field( int, max_retries) __field( bool, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->order = order; __entry->priority = priority; __entry->result = compact_result_to_feedback(result); __entry->retries = retries; __entry->max_retries = max_retries; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("order=%d priority=%s compaction_result=%s retries=%d max_retries=%d should_retry=%d", __entry->order, __print_symbolic(__entry->priority, COMPACTION_PRIORITY), __print_symbolic(__entry->result, COMPACTION_FEEDBACK), __entry->retries, __entry->max_retries, __entry->ret) ); #endif /* CONFIG_COMPACTION */ #endif /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_COMMON_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_COMMON_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <uapi/linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_common.h> struct ip_conntrack_stat { unsigned int found; unsigned int invalid; unsigned int insert; unsigned int insert_failed; unsigned int clash_resolve; unsigned int drop; unsigned int early_drop; unsigned int error; unsigned int expect_new; unsigned int expect_create; unsigned int expect_delete; unsigned int search_restart; }; #define NFCT_INFOMASK 7UL #define NFCT_PTRMASK ~(NFCT_INFOMASK) struct nf_conntrack { atomic_t use; }; void nf_conntrack_destroy(struct nf_conntrack *nfct); static inline void nf_conntrack_put(struct nf_conntrack *nfct) { if (nfct && atomic_dec_and_test(&nfct->use)) nf_conntrack_destroy(nfct); } static inline void nf_conntrack_get(struct nf_conntrack *nfct) { if (nfct) atomic_inc(&nfct->use); } #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_COMMON_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright (c) 2016 Qualcomm Atheros, Inc * * Based on net/sched/sch_fq_codel.c */ #ifndef __NET_SCHED_FQ_IMPL_H #define __NET_SCHED_FQ_IMPL_H #include <net/fq.h> /* functions that are embedded into includer */ static void fq_adjust_removal(struct fq *fq, struct fq_flow *flow, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct fq_tin *tin = flow->tin; tin->backlog_bytes -= skb->len; tin->backlog_packets--; flow->backlog -= skb->len; fq->backlog--; fq->memory_usage -= skb->truesize; } static void fq_rejigger_backlog(struct fq *fq, struct fq_flow *flow) { struct fq_flow *i; if (flow->backlog == 0) { list_del_init(&flow->backlogchain); } else { i = flow; list_for_each_entry_continue(i, &fq->backlogs, backlogchain) if (i->backlog < flow->backlog) break; list_move_tail(&flow->backlogchain, &i->backlogchain); } } static struct sk_buff *fq_flow_dequeue(struct fq *fq, struct fq_flow *flow) { struct sk_buff *skb; lockdep_assert_held(&fq->lock); skb = __skb_dequeue(&flow->queue); if (!skb) return NULL; fq_adjust_removal(fq, flow, skb); fq_rejigger_backlog(fq, flow); return skb; } static struct sk_buff *fq_tin_dequeue(struct fq *fq, struct fq_tin *tin, fq_tin_dequeue_t dequeue_func) { struct fq_flow *flow; struct list_head *head; struct sk_buff *skb; lockdep_assert_held(&fq->lock); begin: head = &tin->new_flows; if (list_empty(head)) { head = &tin->old_flows; if (list_empty(head)) return NULL; } flow = list_first_entry(head, struct fq_flow, flowchain); if (flow->deficit <= 0) { flow->deficit += fq->quantum; list_move_tail(&flow->flowchain, &tin->old_flows); goto begin; } skb = dequeue_func(fq, tin, flow); if (!skb) { /* force a pass through old_flows to prevent starvation */ if ((head == &tin->new_flows) && !list_empty(&tin->old_flows)) { list_move_tail(&flow->flowchain, &tin->old_flows); } else { list_del_init(&flow->flowchain); flow->tin = NULL; } goto begin; } flow->deficit -= skb->len; tin->tx_bytes += skb->len; tin->tx_packets++; return skb; } static u32 fq_flow_idx(struct fq *fq, struct sk_buff *skb) { u32 hash = skb_get_hash(skb); return reciprocal_scale(hash, fq->flows_cnt); } static struct fq_flow *fq_flow_classify(struct fq *fq, struct fq_tin *tin, u32 idx, struct sk_buff *skb, fq_flow_get_default_t get_default_func) { struct fq_flow *flow; lockdep_assert_held(&fq->lock); flow = &fq->flows[idx]; if (flow->tin && flow->tin != tin) { flow = get_default_func(fq, tin, idx, skb); tin->collisions++; fq->collisions++; } if (!flow->tin) tin->flows++; return flow; } static void fq_recalc_backlog(struct fq *fq, struct fq_tin *tin, struct fq_flow *flow) { struct fq_flow *i; if (list_empty(&flow->backlogchain)) list_add_tail(&flow->backlogchain, &fq->backlogs); i = flow; list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse(i, &fq->backlogs, backlogchain) if (i->backlog > flow->backlog) break; list_move(&flow->backlogchain, &i->backlogchain); } static void fq_tin_enqueue(struct fq *fq, struct fq_tin *tin, u32 idx, struct sk_buff *skb, fq_skb_free_t free_func, fq_flow_get_default_t get_default_func) { struct fq_flow *flow; bool oom; lockdep_assert_held(&fq->lock); flow = fq_flow_classify(fq, tin, idx, skb, get_default_func); flow->tin = tin; flow->backlog += skb->len; tin->backlog_bytes += skb->len; tin->backlog_packets++; fq->memory_usage += skb->truesize; fq->backlog++; fq_recalc_backlog(fq, tin, flow); if (list_empty(&flow->flowchain)) { flow->deficit = fq->quantum; list_add_tail(&flow->flowchain, &tin->new_flows); } __skb_queue_tail(&flow->queue, skb); oom = (fq->memory_usage > fq->memory_limit); while (fq->backlog > fq->limit || oom) { flow = list_first_entry_or_null(&fq->backlogs, struct fq_flow, backlogchain); if (!flow) return; skb = fq_flow_dequeue(fq, flow); if (!skb) return; free_func(fq, flow->tin, flow, skb); flow->tin->overlimit++; fq->overlimit++; if (oom) { fq->overmemory++; oom = (fq->memory_usage > fq->memory_limit); } } } static void fq_flow_filter(struct fq *fq, struct fq_flow *flow, fq_skb_filter_t filter_func, void *filter_data, fq_skb_free_t free_func) { struct fq_tin *tin = flow->tin; struct sk_buff *skb, *tmp; lockdep_assert_held(&fq->lock); skb_queue_walk_safe(&flow->queue, skb, tmp) { if (!filter_func(fq, tin, flow, skb, filter_data)) continue; __skb_unlink(skb, &flow->queue); fq_adjust_removal(fq, flow, skb); free_func(fq, tin, flow, skb); } fq_rejigger_backlog(fq, flow); } static void fq_tin_filter(struct fq *fq, struct fq_tin *tin, fq_skb_filter_t filter_func, void *filter_data, fq_skb_free_t free_func) { struct fq_flow *flow; lockdep_assert_held(&fq->lock); list_for_each_entry(flow, &tin->new_flows, flowchain) fq_flow_filter(fq, flow, filter_func, filter_data, free_func); list_for_each_entry(flow, &tin->old_flows, flowchain) fq_flow_filter(fq, flow, filter_func, filter_data, free_func); } static void fq_flow_reset(struct fq *fq, struct fq_flow *flow, fq_skb_free_t free_func) { struct sk_buff *skb; while ((skb = fq_flow_dequeue(fq, flow))) free_func(fq, flow->tin, flow, skb); if (!list_empty(&flow->flowchain)) list_del_init(&flow->flowchain); if (!list_empty(&flow->backlogchain)) list_del_init(&flow->backlogchain); flow->tin = NULL; WARN_ON_ONCE(flow->backlog); } static void fq_tin_reset(struct fq *fq, struct fq_tin *tin, fq_skb_free_t free_func) { struct list_head *head; struct fq_flow *flow; for (;;) { head = &tin->new_flows; if (list_empty(head)) { head = &tin->old_flows; if (list_empty(head)) break; } flow = list_first_entry(head, struct fq_flow, flowchain); fq_flow_reset(fq, flow, free_func); } WARN_ON_ONCE(tin->backlog_bytes); WARN_ON_ONCE(tin->backlog_packets); } static void fq_flow_init(struct fq_flow *flow) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&flow->flowchain); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&flow->backlogchain); __skb_queue_head_init(&flow->queue); } static void fq_tin_init(struct fq_tin *tin) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tin->new_flows); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tin->old_flows); } static int fq_init(struct fq *fq, int flows_cnt) { int i; memset(fq, 0, sizeof(fq[0])); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&fq->backlogs); spin_lock_init(&fq->lock); fq->flows_cnt = max_t(u32, flows_cnt, 1); fq->quantum = 300; fq->limit = 8192; fq->memory_limit = 16 << 20; /* 16 MBytes */ fq->flows = kvcalloc(fq->flows_cnt, sizeof(fq->flows[0]), GFP_KERNEL); if (!fq->flows) return -ENOMEM; for (i = 0; i < fq->flows_cnt; i++) fq_flow_init(&fq->flows[i]); return 0; } static void fq_reset(struct fq *fq, fq_skb_free_t free_func) { int i; for (i = 0; i < fq->flows_cnt; i++) fq_flow_reset(fq, &fq->flows[i], free_func); kvfree(fq->flows); fq->flows = NULL; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H #define _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/types.h> /** * struct min_heap - Data structure to hold a min-heap. * @data: Start of array holding the heap elements. * @nr: Number of elements currently in the heap. * @size: Maximum number of elements that can be held in current storage. */ struct min_heap { void *data; int nr; int size; }; /** * struct min_heap_callbacks - Data/functions to customise the min_heap. * @elem_size: The nr of each element in bytes. * @less: Partial order function for this heap. * @swp: Swap elements function. */ struct min_heap_callbacks { int elem_size; bool (*less)(const void *lhs, const void *rhs); void (*swp)(void *lhs, void *rhs); }; /* Sift the element at pos down the heap. */ static __always_inline void min_heapify(struct min_heap *heap, int pos, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *left, *right, *parent, *smallest; void *data = heap->data; for (;;) { if (pos * 2 + 1 >= heap->nr) break; left = data + ((pos * 2 + 1) * func->elem_size); parent = data + (pos * func->elem_size); smallest = parent; if (func->less(left, smallest)) smallest = left; if (pos * 2 + 2 < heap->nr) { right = data + ((pos * 2 + 2) * func->elem_size); if (func->less(right, smallest)) smallest = right; } if (smallest == parent) break; func->swp(smallest, parent); if (smallest == left) pos = (pos * 2) + 1; else pos = (pos * 2) + 2; } } /* Floyd's approach to heapification that is O(nr). */ static __always_inline void min_heapify_all(struct min_heap *heap, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { int i; for (i = heap->nr / 2; i >= 0; i--) min_heapify(heap, i, func); } /* Remove minimum element from the heap, O(log2(nr)). */ static __always_inline void min_heap_pop(struct min_heap *heap, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *data = heap->data; if (WARN_ONCE(heap->nr <= 0, "Popping an empty heap")) return; /* Place last element at the root (position 0) and then sift down. */ heap->nr--; memcpy(data, data + (heap->nr * func->elem_size), func->elem_size); min_heapify(heap, 0, func); } /* * Remove the minimum element and then push the given element. The * implementation performs 1 sift (O(log2(nr))) and is therefore more * efficient than a pop followed by a push that does 2. */ static __always_inline void min_heap_pop_push(struct min_heap *heap, const void *element, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { memcpy(heap->data, element, func->elem_size); min_heapify(heap, 0, func); } /* Push an element on to the heap, O(log2(nr)). */ static __always_inline void min_heap_push(struct min_heap *heap, const void *element, const struct min_heap_callbacks *func) { void *data = heap->data; void *child, *parent; int pos; if (WARN_ONCE(heap->nr >= heap->size, "Pushing on a full heap")) return; /* Place at the end of data. */ pos = heap->nr; memcpy(data + (pos * func->elem_size), element, func->elem_size); heap->nr++; /* Sift child at pos up. */ for (; pos > 0; pos = (pos - 1) / 2) { child = data + (pos * func->elem_size); parent = data + ((pos - 1) / 2) * func->elem_size; if (func->less(parent, child)) break; func->swp(parent, child); } } #endif /* _LINUX_MIN_HEAP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* include/net/dsfield.h - Manipulation of the Differentiated Services field */ /* Written 1998-2000 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL ICA */ #ifndef __NET_DSFIELD_H #define __NET_DSFIELD_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> static inline __u8 ipv4_get_dsfield(const struct iphdr *iph) { return iph->tos; } static inline __u8 ipv6_get_dsfield(const struct ipv6hdr *ipv6h) { return ntohs(*(__force const __be16 *)ipv6h) >> 4; } static inline void ipv4_change_dsfield(struct iphdr *iph,__u8 mask, __u8 value) { __u32 check = ntohs((__force __be16)iph->check); __u8 dsfield; dsfield = (iph->tos & mask) | value; check += iph->tos; if ((check+1) >> 16) check = (check+1) & 0xffff; check -= dsfield; check += check >> 16; /* adjust carry */ iph->check = (__force __sum16)htons(check); iph->tos = dsfield; } static inline void ipv6_change_dsfield(struct ipv6hdr *ipv6h,__u8 mask, __u8 value) { __be16 *p = (__force __be16 *)ipv6h; *p = (*p & htons((((u16)mask << 4) | 0xf00f))) | htons((u16)value << 4); } #endif
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5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } /* If details->check_mapping, we leave swap entries. */ if (unlikely(details)) continue; if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, range.end, details); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, range.end); } /** * zap_vma_ptes - remove ptes mapping the vma * @vma: vm_area_struct holding ptes to be zapped * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * This function only unmaps ptes assigned to VM_PFNMAP vmas. * * The entire address range must be fully contained within the vma. * */ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { if (address < vma->vm_start || address + size > vma->vm_end || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) return; zap_page_range_single(vma, address, size, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zap_vma_ptes); static pmd_t *walk_to_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return NULL; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); return pmd; } pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pmd_t *pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl); } static int validate_page_before_insert(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page) || PageSlab(page) || page_has_type(page)) return -EINVAL; flush_dcache_page(page); return 0; } static int insert_page_into_pte_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { if (!pte_none(*pte)) return -EBUSY; /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ get_page(page); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); return 0; } /* * This is the old fallback for page remapping. * * For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only * old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their * pages reserved for the old functions anyway. */ static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; int retval; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; retval = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (retval) goto out; retval = -ENOMEM; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) goto out; retval = insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); out: return retval; } #ifdef pte_index static int insert_page_in_batch_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { int err; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; err = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (err) return err; return insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); } /* insert_pages() amortizes the cost of spinlock operations * when inserting pages in a loop. Arch *must* define pte_index. */ static int insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pte_t *start_pte, *pte; spinlock_t *pte_lock; struct mm_struct *const mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long curr_page_idx = 0; unsigned long remaining_pages_total = *num; unsigned long pages_to_write_in_pmd; int ret; more: ret = -EFAULT; pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) goto out; pages_to_write_in_pmd = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_pages_total, PTRS_PER_PTE - pte_index(addr)); /* Allocate the PTE if necessary; takes PMD lock once only. */ ret = -ENOMEM; if (pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) goto out; while (pages_to_write_in_pmd) { int pte_idx = 0; const int batch_size = min_t(int, pages_to_write_in_pmd, 8); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &pte_lock); for (pte = start_pte; pte_idx < batch_size; ++pte, ++pte_idx) { int err = insert_page_in_batch_locked(mm, pte, addr, pages[curr_page_idx], prot); if (unlikely(err)) { pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); ret = err; remaining_pages_total -= pte_idx; goto out; } addr += PAGE_SIZE; ++curr_page_idx; } pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); pages_to_write_in_pmd -= batch_size; remaining_pages_total -= batch_size; } if (remaining_pages_total) goto more; ret = 0; out: *num = remaining_pages_total; return ret; } #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ /** * vm_insert_pages - insert multiple pages into user vma, batching the pmd lock. * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target start user address of these pages * @pages: source kernel pages * @num: in: number of pages to map. out: number of pages that were *not* * mapped. (0 means all pages were successfully mapped). * * Preferred over vm_insert_page() when inserting multiple pages. * * In case of error, we may have mapped a subset of the provided * pages. It is the caller's responsibility to account for this case. * * The same restrictions apply as in vm_insert_page(). */ int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num) { #ifdef pte_index const unsigned long end_addr = addr + (*num * PAGE_SIZE) - 1; if (addr < vma->vm_start || end_addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } /* Defer page refcount checking till we're about to map that page. */ return insert_pages(vma, addr, pages, num, vma->vm_page_prot); #else unsigned long idx = 0, pgcount = *num; int err = -EINVAL; for (; idx < pgcount; ++idx) { err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr + (PAGE_SIZE * idx), pages[idx]); if (err) break; } *num = pgcount - idx; return err; #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pages); /** * vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @page: source kernel page * * This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated * into a user vma. * * The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation. * If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as * such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself * (see split_page()). * * NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which * took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow * that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which * means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better * ask for a shared writable mapping! * * The page does not need to be reserved. * * Usually this function is called from f_op->mmap() handler * under mm->mmap_lock write-lock, so it can change vma->vm_flags. * Caller must set VM_MIXEDMAP on vma if it wants to call this * function from other places, for example from page-fault handler. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page); /* * __vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * @offset: user's requested vm_pgoff * * This allows drivers to map range of kernel pages into a user vma. * * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ static int __vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num, unsigned long offset) { unsigned long count = vma_pages(vma); unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start; int ret, i; /* Fail if the user requested offset is beyond the end of the object */ if (offset >= num) return -ENXIO; /* Fail if the user requested size exceeds available object size */ if (count > num - offset) return -ENXIO; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, pages[offset + i]); if (ret < 0) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } return 0; } /** * vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages starts with non zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Maps an object consisting of @num pages, catering for the user's * requested vm_pgoff * * If we fail to insert any page into the vma, the function will return * immediately leaving any previously inserted pages present. Callers * from the mmap handler may immediately return the error as their caller * will destroy the vma, removing any successfully inserted pages. Other * callers should make their own arrangements for calling unmap_region(). * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, vma->vm_pgoff); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages); /** * vm_map_pages_zero - map range of kernel pages starts with zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Similar to vm_map_pages(), except that it explicitly sets the offset * to 0. This function is intended for the drivers that did not consider * vm_pgoff. * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages_zero); static vm_fault_t insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pte_t *pte, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (!pte_none(*pte)) { if (mkwrite) { /* * For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed * in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the * mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite * case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared * mapping and we expect the PFNs to match. If they * don't match, we are likely racing with block * allocation and mapping invalidation so just skip the * update. */ if (pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte))); goto out_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(*pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); } goto out_unlock; } /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); else entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); if (mkwrite) { entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */ out_unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_pfn_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_pfn(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * This only makes sense for IO mappings, and it makes no sense for * COW mappings. In general, using multiple vmas is preferable; * vmf_insert_pfn_prot should only be used if using multiple VMAs is * impractical. * * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for a discussion of the implication of using * a value of @pgprot different from that of @vma->vm_page_prot. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { /* * Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these * restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like * consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should * try to keep these invariants in place for everybody. */ BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) == (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV)); return insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn_prot); /** * vmf_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * * Similar to vm_insert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages * they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply. * * This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and * in that case the handler should return the result of this function. * * vma cannot be a COW mapping. * * As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we * do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn) { return vmf_insert_pfn_prot(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn); static bool vm_mixed_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pfn_t pfn) { /* these checks mirror the abort conditions in vm_normal_page */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) return true; if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) return true; if (pfn_t_special(pfn)) return true; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn))) return true; return false; } static vm_fault_t __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool mkwrite) { int err; BUG_ON(!vm_mixed_ok(vma, pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid() * based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must* * refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather * than insert_pfn). If a zero_pfn were inserted into a VM_MIXEDMAP * without pte special, it would there be refcounted as a normal page. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL) && !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn)) { struct page *page; /* * At this point we are committed to insert_page() * regardless of whether the caller specified flags that * result in pfn_t_has_page() == false. */ page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)); err = insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot); } else { return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite); } if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_mixed_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_mixed(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * Typically this function should be used by drivers to set caching- and * encryption bits different than those of @vma->vm_page_prot, because * the caching- or encryption mode may not be known at mmap() time. * This is ok as long as @vma->vm_page_prot is not used by the core vm * to set caching and encryption bits for those vmas (except for COW pages). * This is ensured by core vm only modifying these page table entries using * functions that don't touch caching- or encryption bits, using pte_modify() * if needed. (See for example mprotect()). * Also when new page-table entries are created, this is only done using the * fault() callback, and never using the value of vma->vm_page_prot, * except for page-table entries that point to anonymous pages as the result * of COW. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_prot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed); /* * If the insertion of PTE failed because someone else already added a * different entry in the mean time, we treat that as success as we assume * the same entry was actually inserted. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite); /* * maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old * mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results * in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access") */ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int err = 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte)); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) { err = -EACCES; break; } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot))); pfn++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); return err; } static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target page aligned user address to start at * @pfn: page frame number of kernel physical memory address * @size: size of mapping area * @prot: page protection flags for this mapping * * Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size); struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long remap_pfn = pfn; int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr))) return -EINVAL; /* * Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the * rest of the world about it: * VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages * (accesses can have side effects). * VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just * raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated * with them. * VM_DONTEXPAND * Disable vma merging and expanding with mremap(). * VM_DONTDUMP * Omit vma from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off. * * There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write * behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original" * un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff". * See vm_normal_page() for details. */ if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) { if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_pgoff = pfn; } err = track_pfn_remap(vma, &prot, remap_pfn, addr, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); if (err) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (err) untrack_pfn(vma, remap_pfn, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range); /** * vm_iomap_memory - remap memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @start: start of the physical memory to be mapped * @len: size of area * * This is a simplified io_remap_pfn_range() for common driver use. The * driver just needs to give us the physical memory range to be mapped, * we'll figure out the rest from the vma information. * * NOTE! Some drivers might want to tweak vma->vm_page_prot first to get * whatever write-combining details or similar. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len) { unsigned long vm_len, pfn, pages; /* Check that the physical memory area passed in looks valid */ if (start + len < start) return -EINVAL; /* * You *really* shouldn't map things that aren't page-aligned, * but we've historically allowed it because IO memory might * just have smaller alignment. */ len += start & ~PAGE_MASK; pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT; pages = (len + ~PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn + pages < pfn) return -EINVAL; /* We start the mapping 'vm_pgoff' pages into the area */ if (vma->vm_pgoff > pages) return -EINVAL; pfn += vma->vm_pgoff; pages -= vma->vm_pgoff; /* Can we fit all of the mapping? */ vm_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vm_len >> PAGE_SHIFT > pages) return -EINVAL; /* Ok, let it rip */ return io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, pfn, vm_len, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_iomap_memory); static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; int err = 0; spinlock_t *ptl; if (create) { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask) : pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; } else { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr) : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); } BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd)); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (fn) { do { if (create || !pte_none(*pte)) { err = fn(pte++, addr, data); if (err) break; } } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); } *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (mm != &init_mm) pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl); return err; } static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err = 0; BUG_ON(pud_huge(*pud)); if (create) { pmd = pmd_alloc_track(mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; } else { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); } do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) { err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { pud = pud_alloc_track(mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; } else { pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); } do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) { err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { p4d = p4d_alloc_track(mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; } else { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); } do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) { err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int __apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long start = addr, next; unsigned long end = addr + size; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; int err = 0; if (WARN_ON(addr >= end)) return -EINVAL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (!create && pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; err = apply_to_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data, create, &mask); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, start + size); return err; } /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary * and calling a provided function on each leaf page table. */ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range); /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, calling a provided function on * each leaf page table where it exists. * * Unlike apply_to_page_range, this does _not_ fill in page tables * where they are absent. */ int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_existing_page_range); /* * handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was * read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures * or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which might give a mix of unmatched * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check; * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on). */ static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte) { int same = 1; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); } #endif pte_unmap(page_table); return same; } static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, struct vm_fault *vmf) { bool ret; void *kaddr; void __user *uaddr; bool locked = false; struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long addr = vmf->address; if (likely(src)) { copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma); return true; } /* * If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have * a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by * just copying from the original user address. If that * fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it. */ kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst); uaddr = (void __user *)(addr & PAGE_MASK); /* * On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would * take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here. */ if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_t entry; vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* * Other thread has already handled the fault * and update local tlb only */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, vmf->pte, entry, 0)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, vmf->pte); } /* * This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there * in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable, * in which case we just give up and fill the result with * zeroes. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { if (locked) goto warn; /* Re-validate under PTL if the page is still mapped */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* The PTE changed under us, update local tlb */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } /* * The same page can be mapped back since last copy attempt. * Try to copy again under PTL. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * Give a warn in case there can be some obscure * use-case */ warn: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); clear_page(kaddr); } } ret = true; pte_unlock: if (locked) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(dst); return ret; } static gfp_t __get_fault_gfp_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *vm_file = vma->vm_file; if (vm_file) return mapping_gfp_mask(vm_file->f_mapping) | __GFP_FS | __GFP_IO; /* * Special mappings (e.g. VDSO) do not have any file so fake * a default GFP_KERNEL for them. */ return GFP_KERNEL; } /* * Notify the address space that the page is about to become writable so that * it can prohibit this or wait for the page to get into an appropriate state. * * We do this without the lock held, so that it can sleep if it needs to. */ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { vm_fault_t ret; struct page *page = vmf->page; unsigned int old_flags = vmf->flags; vmf->flags = FAULT_FLAG_WRITE|FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; if (vmf->vma->vm_file && IS_SWAPFILE(vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vmf); /* Restore original flags so that caller is not surprised */ vmf->flags = old_flags; if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) return ret; if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) { lock_page(page); if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* retry */ } ret |= VM_FAULT_LOCKED; } else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); return ret; } /* * Handle dirtying of a page in shared file mapping on a write fault. * * The function expects the page to be locked and unlocks it. */ static vm_fault_t fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page = vmf->page; bool dirtied; bool page_mkwrite = vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite; dirtied = set_page_dirty(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page), page); /* * Take a local copy of the address_space - page.mapping may be zeroed * by truncate after unlock_page(). The address_space itself remains * pinned by vma->vm_file's reference. We rely on unlock_page()'s * release semantics to prevent the compiler from undoing this copying. */ mapping = page_rmapping(page); unlock_page(page); if (!page_mkwrite) file_update_time(vma->vm_file); /* * Throttle page dirtying rate down to writeback speed. * * mapping may be NULL here because some device drivers do not * set page.mapping but still dirty their pages * * Drop the mmap_lock before waiting on IO, if we can. The file * is pinning the mapping, as per above. */ if ((dirtied || page_mkwrite) && mapping) { struct file *fpin; fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, NULL); balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); if (fpin) { fput(fpin); return VM_FAULT_RETRY; } } return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for pages that can be reused in the current vma * * This can happen either due to the mapping being with the VM_SHARED flag, * or due to us being the last reference standing to the page. In either * case, all we need to do here is to mark the page as writable and update * any related book-keeping. */ static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = vmf->page; pte_t entry; /* * Clear the pages cpupid information as the existing * information potentially belongs to a now completely * unrelated process. */ if (page) page_cpupid_xchg_last(page, (1 << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1); flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); count_vm_event(PGREUSE); } /* * Handle the case of a page which we actually need to copy to a new page. * * Called with mmap_lock locked and the old page referenced, but * without the ptl held. * * High level logic flow: * * - Allocate a page, copy the content of the old page to the new one. * - Handle book keeping and accounting - cgroups, mmu-notifiers, etc. * - Take the PTL. If the pte changed, bail out and release the allocated page * - If the pte is still the way we remember it, update the page table and all * relevant references. This includes dropping the reference the page-table * held to the old page, as well as updating the rmap. * - In any case, unlock the PTL and drop the reference we took to the old page. */ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct page *old_page = vmf->page; struct page *new_page = NULL; pte_t entry; int page_copied = 0; struct mmu_notifier_range range; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte))) { new_page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; } else { new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; if (!cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, vmf)) { /* * COW failed, if the fault was solved by other, * it's fine. If not, userspace would re-fault on * the same address and we will handle the fault * from the second attempt. */ put_page(new_page); if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return 0; } } if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_new; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, vmf->address & PAGE_MASK, (vmf->address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { if (old_page) { if (!PageAnon(old_page)) { dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(old_page)); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* * Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the * pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition * seen in the presence of one thread doing SMC and another * thread doing COW. */ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, vma); /* * We call the notify macro here because, when using secondary * mmu page tables (such as kvm shadow page tables), we want the * new page to be mapped directly into the secondary page table. */ set_pte_at_notify(mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); if (old_page) { /* * Only after switching the pte to the new page may * we remove the mapcount here. Otherwise another * process may come and find the rmap count decremented * before the pte is switched to the new page, and * "reuse" the old page writing into it while our pte * here still points into it and can be read by other * threads. * * The critical issue is to order this * page_remove_rmap with the ptp_clear_flush above. * Those stores are ordered by (if nothing else,) * the barrier present in the atomic_add_negative * in page_remove_rmap. * * Then the TLB flush in ptep_clear_flush ensures that * no process can access the old page before the * decremented mapcount is visible. And the old page * cannot be reused until after the decremented * mapcount is visible. So transitively, TLBs to * old page will be flushed before it can be reused. */ page_remove_rmap(old_page, false); } /* Free the old page.. */ new_page = old_page; page_copied = 1; } else { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } if (new_page) put_page(new_page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); /* * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as * the above ptep_clear_flush_notify() did already call it. */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range); if (old_page) { /* * Don't let another task, with possibly unlocked vma, * keep the mlocked page. */ if (page_copied && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) { lock_page(old_page); /* LRU manipulation */ if (PageMlocked(old_page)) munlock_vma_page(old_page); unlock_page(old_page); } put_page(old_page); } return page_copied ? VM_FAULT_WRITE : 0; oom_free_new: put_page(new_page); oom: if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /** * finish_mkwrite_fault - finish page fault for a shared mapping, making PTE * writeable once the page is prepared * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a write page fault in a * shared mapping due to PTE being read-only once the mapped page is prepared. * It handles locking of PTE and modifying it. * * The function expects the page to be locked or other protection against * concurrent faults / writeback (such as DAX radix tree locks). * * Return: %VM_FAULT_WRITE on success, %0 when PTE got changed before * we acquired PTE lock. */ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * We might have raced with another page fault while we released the * pte_offset_map_lock. */ if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for VM_MIXEDMAP or VM_PFNMAP for a VM_SHARED * mapping */ static vm_fault_t wp_pfn_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t ret; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); vmf->flags |= FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; ret = vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite(vmf); if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)) return ret; return finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE; get_page(vmf->page); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t tmp; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } tmp = finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } else { wp_page_reuse(vmf); lock_page(vmf->page); } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } /* * This routine handles present pages, when users try to write * to a shared page. It is done by copying the page to a new address * and decrementing the shared-page counter for the old page. * * Note that this routine assumes that the protection checks have been * done by the caller (the low-level page fault routine in most cases). * Thus we can safely just mark it writable once we've done any necessary * COW. * * We also mark the page dirty at this point even though the page will * change only once the write actually happens. This avoids a few races, * and potentially makes it more efficient. * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), with pte both mapped and locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(vma, *vmf->pte)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); } /* * Userfaultfd write-protect can defer flushes. Ensure the TLB * is flushed in this case before copying. */ if (unlikely(userfaultfd_wp(vmf->vma) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(vmf->vma->vm_mm))) flush_tlb_page(vmf->vma, vmf->address); vmf->page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte); if (!vmf->page) { /* * VM_MIXEDMAP !pfn_valid() case, or VM_SOFTDIRTY clear on a * VM_PFNMAP VMA. * * We should not cow pages in a shared writeable mapping. * Just mark the pages writable and/or call ops->pfn_mkwrite. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) return wp_pfn_shared(vmf); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } /* * Take out anonymous pages first, anonymous shared vmas are * not dirty accountable. */ if (PageAnon(vmf->page)) { struct page *page = vmf->page; /* PageKsm() doesn't necessarily raise the page refcount */ if (PageKsm(page) || page_count(page) != 1) goto copy; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto copy; if (PageKsm(page) || page_mapcount(page) != 1 || page_count(page) != 1) { unlock_page(page); goto copy; } /* * Ok, we've got the only map reference, and the only * page count reference, and the page is locked, * it's dark out, and we're wearing sunglasses. Hit it. */ unlock_page(page); wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) { return wp_page_shared(vmf); } copy: /* * Ok, we need to copy. Oh, well.. */ get_page(vmf->page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } static void unmap_mapping_range_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { zap_page_range_single(vma, start_addr, end_addr - start_addr, details); } static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct rb_root_cached *root, struct zap_details *details) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; pgoff_t vba, vea, zba, zea; vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, details->first_index, details->last_index) { vba = vma->vm_pgoff; vea = vba + vma_pages(vma) - 1; zba = details->first_index; if (zba < vba) zba = vba; zea = details->last_index; if (zea > vea) zea = vea; unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma, ((zba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, ((zea - vba + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, details); } } /** * unmap_mapping_page() - Unmap single page from processes. * @page: The locked page to be unmapped. * * Unmap this page from any userspace process which still has it mmaped. * Typically, for efficiency, the range of nearby pages has already been * unmapped by unmap_mapping_pages() or unmap_mapping_range(). But once * truncation or invalidation holds the lock on a page, it may find that * the page has been remapped again: and then uses unmap_mapping_page() * to unmap it finally. */ void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct zap_details details = { }; VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON(PageTail(page)); details.check_mapping = mapping; details.first_index = page->index; details.last_index = page->index + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; details.single_page = page; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_pages() - Unmap pages from processes. * @mapping: The address space containing pages to be unmapped. * @start: Index of first page to be unmapped. * @nr: Number of pages to be unmapped. 0 to unmap to end of file. * @even_cows: Whether to unmap even private COWed pages. * * Unmap the pages in this address space from any userspace process which * has them mmaped. Generally, you want to remove COWed pages as well when * a file is being truncated, but not when invalidating pages from the page * cache. */ void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { struct zap_details details = { }; details.check_mapping = even_cows ? NULL : mapping; details.first_index = start; details.last_index = start + nr - 1; if (details.last_index < details.first_index) details.last_index = ULONG_MAX; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_range - unmap the portion of all mmaps in the specified * address_space corresponding to the specified byte range in the underlying * file. * * @mapping: the address space containing mmaps to be unmapped. * @holebegin: byte in first page to unmap, relative to the start of * the underlying file. This will be rounded down to a PAGE_SIZE * boundary. Note that this is different from truncate_pagecache(), which * must keep the partial page. In contrast, we must get rid of * partial pages. * @holelen: size of prospective hole in bytes. This will be rounded * up to a PAGE_SIZE boundary. A holelen of zero truncates to the * end of the file. * @even_cows: 1 when truncating a file, unmap even private COWed pages; * but 0 when invalidating pagecache, don't throw away private data. */ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { pgoff_t hba = holebegin >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t hlen = (holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Check for overflow. */ if (sizeof(holelen) > sizeof(hlen)) { long long holeend = (holebegin + holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (holeend & ~(long long)ULONG_MAX) hlen = ULONG_MAX - hba + 1; } unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, hba, hlen, even_cows); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range); /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with pte unmapped and unlocked. * * We return with the mmap_lock locked or unlocked in the same cases * as does filemap_fault(). */ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL, *swapcache; swp_entry_t entry; pte_t pte; int locked; int exclusive = 0; vm_fault_t ret = 0; void *shadow = NULL; if (!pte_unmap_same(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) goto out; entry = pte_to_swp_entry(vmf->orig_pte); if (unlikely(non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { migration_entry_wait(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address); } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { vmf->page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); ret = vmf->page->pgmap->ops->migrate_to_ram(vmf); } else if (is_hwpoison_entry(entry)) { ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } else { print_bad_pte(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte, NULL); ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } goto out; } delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); page = lookup_swap_cache(entry, vma, vmf->address); swapcache = page; if (!page) { struct swap_info_struct *si = swp_swap_info(entry); if (data_race(si->flags & SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO) && __swap_count(entry) == 1) { /* skip swapcache */ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (page) { int err; __SetPageLocked(page); __SetPageSwapBacked(page); set_page_private(page, entry.val); /* Tell memcg to use swap ownership records */ SetPageSwapCache(page); err = mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL); ClearPageSwapCache(page); if (err) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_page; } shadow = get_shadow_from_swap_cache(entry); if (shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); swap_readpage(page, true); } } else { page = swapin_readahead(entry, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vmf); swapcache = page; } if (!page) { /* * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte * while we released the pte lock. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto unlock; } /* Had to read the page from swap area: Major fault */ ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); } else if (PageHWPoison(page)) { /* * hwpoisoned dirty swapcache pages are kept for killing * owner processes (which may be unknown at hwpoison time) */ ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto out_release; } locked = lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); if (!locked) { ret |= VM_FAULT_RETRY; goto out_release; } /* * Make sure try_to_free_swap or reuse_swap_page or swapoff did not * release the swapcache from under us. The page pin, and pte_same * test below, are not enough to exclude that. Even if it is still * swapcache, we need to check that the page's swap has not changed. */ if (unlikely((!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)) && swapcache) goto out_page; page = ksm_might_need_to_copy(page, vma, vmf->address); if (unlikely(!page)) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; page = swapcache; goto out_page; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) goto out_nomap; if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; goto out_nomap; } /* * The page isn't present yet, go ahead with the fault. * * Be careful about the sequence of operations here. * To get its accounting right, reuse_swap_page() must be called * while the page is counted on swap but not yet in mapcount i.e. * before page_add_anon_rmap() and swap_free(); try_to_free_swap() * must be called after the swap_free(), or it will never succeed. */ inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); dec_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_SWAPENTS); pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) { pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma); vmf->flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE; exclusive = RMAP_EXCLUSIVE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(vmf->orig_pte)) pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte = pte_mkuffd_wp(pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, pte); arch_do_swap_page(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmf->address, pte, vmf->orig_pte); vmf->orig_pte = pte; /* ksm created a completely new copy */ if (unlikely(page != swapcache && swapcache)) { page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { do_page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, exclusive); } swap_free(entry); if (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page)) try_to_free_swap(page); unlock_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { /* * Hold the lock to avoid the swap entry to be reused * until we take the PT lock for the pte_same() check * (to avoid false positives from pte_same). For * further safety release the lock after the swap_free * so that the swap count won't change under a * parallel locked swapcache. */ unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { ret |= do_wp_page(vmf); if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) ret &= VM_FAULT_ERROR; goto out; } /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: return ret; out_nomap: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out_page: unlock_page(page); out_release: put_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; pte_t entry; /* File mapping without ->vm_ops ? */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * Use pte_alloc() instead of pte_alloc_map(). We can't run * pte_offset_map() on pmds where a huge pmd might be created * from a different thread. * * pte_alloc_map() is safe to use under mmap_write_lock(mm) or when * parallel threads are excluded by other means. * * Here we only have mmap_read_lock(mm). */ if (pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* See the comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))) return 0; /* Use the zero-page for reads */ if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !mm_forbids_zeropage(vma->vm_mm)) { entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(vmf->address), vma->vm_page_prot)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto unlock; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } goto setpte; } /* Allocate our own private page. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!page) goto oom; if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_page; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that * preceding stores to the page contents become visible before * the set_pte_at() write. */ __SetPageUptodate(page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto release; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto release; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); put_page(page); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); setpte: set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; release: put_page(page); goto unlock; oom_free_page: put_page(page); oom: return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /* * The mmap_lock must have been held on entry, and may have been * released depending on flags and vma->vm_ops->fault() return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; /* * Preallocate pte before we take page_lock because this might lead to * deadlocks for memcg reclaim which waits for pages under writeback: * lock_page(A) * SetPageWriteback(A) * unlock_page(A) * lock_page(B) * lock_page(B) * pte_alloc_one * shrink_page_list * wait_on_page_writeback(A) * SetPageWriteback(B) * unlock_page(B) * # flush A, B to clear the writeback */ if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } ret = vma->vm_ops->fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY | VM_FAULT_DONE_COW))) return ret; if (unlikely(PageHWPoison(vmf->page))) { if (ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED) unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); vmf->page = NULL; return VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) lock_page(vmf->page); else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(vmf->page), vmf->page); return ret; } /* * The ordering of these checks is important for pmds with _PAGE_DEVMAP set. * If we check pmd_trans_unstable() first we will trip the bad_pmd() check * inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(). This will end up correctly * returning 1 but not before it spams dmesg with the pmd_clear_bad() output. */ static int pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { return pmd_devmap(*pmd) || pmd_trans_unstable(pmd); } static vm_fault_t pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) goto map_pte; if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); goto map_pte; } mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); pmd_populate(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } else if (unlikely(pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd))) { return VM_FAULT_OOM; } map_pte: /* * If a huge pmd materialized under us just retry later. Use * pmd_trans_unstable() via pmd_devmap_trans_unstable() instead of * pmd_trans_huge() to ensure the pmd didn't become pmd_trans_huge * under us and then back to pmd_none, as a result of MADV_DONTNEED * running immediately after a huge pmd fault in a different thread of * this mm, in turn leading to a misleading pmd_trans_huge() retval. * All we have to ensure is that it is a regular pmd that we can walk * with pte_offset_map() and we can do that through an atomic read in * C, which is what pmd_trans_unstable() provides. */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; /* * At this point we know that our vmf->pmd points to a page of ptes * and it cannot become pmd_none(), pmd_devmap() or pmd_trans_huge() * for the duration of the fault. If a racing MADV_DONTNEED runs and * we zap the ptes pointed to by our vmf->pmd, the vmf->ptl will still * be valid and we will re-check to make sure the vmf->pte isn't * pte_none() under vmf->ptl protection when we return to * alloc_set_pte(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static void deposit_prealloc_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); /* * We are going to consume the prealloc table, * count that as nr_ptes. */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; unsigned long haddr = vmf->address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK; pmd_t entry; int i; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (!transhuge_vma_suitable(vma, haddr)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); if (compound_order(page) != HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) return ret; /* * Archs like ppc64 need additonal space to store information * related to pte entry. Use the preallocated table for that. */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) goto out; for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) flush_icache_page(vma, page + i); entry = mk_huge_pmd(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if (write) entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma); add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page), HPAGE_PMD_NR); page_add_file_rmap(page, true); /* * deposit and withdraw with pmd lock held */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit()) deposit_prealloc_pte(vmf); set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, haddr, vmf->pmd, entry); update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd); /* fault is handled */ ret = 0; count_vm_event(THP_FILE_MAPPED); out: spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); return ret; } #else static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /** * alloc_set_pte - setup new PTE entry for given page and add reverse page * mapping. If needed, the function allocates page table or use pre-allocated. * * @vmf: fault environment * @page: page to map * * Caller must take care of unlocking vmf->ptl, if vmf->pte is non-NULL on * return. * * Target users are page handler itself and implementations of * vm_ops->map_pages. * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; pte_t entry; vm_fault_t ret; if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && PageTransCompound(page)) { ret = do_set_pmd(vmf, page); if (ret != VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) return ret; } if (!vmf->pte) { ret = pte_alloc_one_map(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } /* Re-check under ptl */ if (unlikely(!pte_none(*vmf->pte))) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (write) entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* copy-on-write page */ if (write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* no need to invalidate: a not-present page won't be cached */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return 0; } /** * finish_fault - finish page fault once we have prepared the page to fault * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a page fault once the * page to fault in is prepared. It handles locking of PTEs, inserts PTE for * given page, adds reverse page mapping, handles memcg charges and LRU * addition. * * The function expects the page to be locked and on success it consumes a * reference of a page being mapped (for the PTE which maps it). * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* Did we COW the page? */ if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) page = vmf->cow_page; else page = vmf->page; /* * check even for read faults because we might have lost our CoWed * page */ if (!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = check_stable_address_space(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!ret) ret = alloc_set_pte(vmf, page); if (vmf->pte) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; } static unsigned long fault_around_bytes __read_mostly = rounddown_pow_of_two(65536); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static int fault_around_bytes_get(void *data, u64 *val) { *val = fault_around_bytes; return 0; } /* * fault_around_bytes must be rounded down to the nearest page order as it's * what do_fault_around() expects to see. */ static int fault_around_bytes_set(void *data, u64 val) { if (val / PAGE_SIZE > PTRS_PER_PTE) return -EINVAL; if (val > PAGE_SIZE) fault_around_bytes = rounddown_pow_of_two(val); else fault_around_bytes = PAGE_SIZE; /* rounddown_pow_of_two(0) is undefined */ return 0; } DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE(fault_around_bytes_fops, fault_around_bytes_get, fault_around_bytes_set, "%llu\n"); static int __init fault_around_debugfs(void) { debugfs_create_file_unsafe("fault_around_bytes", 0644, NULL, NULL, &fault_around_bytes_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(fault_around_debugfs); #endif /* * do_fault_around() tries to map few pages around the fault address. The hope * is that the pages will be needed soon and this will lower the number of * faults to handle. * * It uses vm_ops->map_pages() to map the pages, which skips the page if it's * not ready to be mapped: not up-to-date, locked, etc. * * This function is called with the page table lock taken. In the split ptlock * case the page table lock only protects only those entries which belong to * the page table corresponding to the fault address. * * This function doesn't cross the VMA boundaries, in order to call map_pages() * only once. * * fault_around_bytes defines how many bytes we'll try to map. * do_fault_around() expects it to be set to a power of two less than or equal * to PTRS_PER_PTE. * * The virtual address of the area that we map is naturally aligned to * fault_around_bytes rounded down to the machine page size * (and therefore to page order). This way it's easier to guarantee * that we don't cross page table boundaries. */ static vm_fault_t do_fault_around(struct vm_fault *vmf) { unsigned long address = vmf->address, nr_pages, mask; pgoff_t start_pgoff = vmf->pgoff; pgoff_t end_pgoff; int off; vm_fault_t ret = 0; nr_pages = READ_ONCE(fault_around_bytes) >> PAGE_SHIFT; mask = ~(nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; vmf->address = max(address & mask, vmf->vma->vm_start); off = ((address - vmf->address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); start_pgoff -= off; /* * end_pgoff is either the end of the page table, the end of * the vma or nr_pages from start_pgoff, depending what is nearest. */ end_pgoff = start_pgoff - ((vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1)) + PTRS_PER_PTE - 1; end_pgoff = min3(end_pgoff, vma_pages(vmf->vma) + vmf->vma->vm_pgoff - 1, start_pgoff + nr_pages - 1); if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) goto out; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->vma->vm_ops->map_pages(vmf, start_pgoff, end_pgoff); /* Huge page is mapped? Page fault is solved */ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) { ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } /* ->map_pages() haven't done anything useful. Cold page cache? */ if (!vmf->pte) goto out; /* check if the page fault is solved */ vmf->pte -= (vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) - (address >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: vmf->address = address; vmf->pte = NULL; return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_read_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* * Let's call ->map_pages() first and use ->fault() as fallback * if page by the offset is not ready to be mapped (cold cache or * something). */ if (vma->vm_ops->map_pages && fault_around_bytes >> PAGE_SHIFT > 1) { ret = do_fault_around(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_cow_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf->cow_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!vmf->cow_page) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (mem_cgroup_charge(vmf->cow_page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(vmf->cow_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(vmf->cow_page, GFP_KERNEL); ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; if (ret & VM_FAULT_DONE_COW) return ret; copy_user_highpage(vmf->cow_page, vmf->page, vmf->address, vma); __SetPageUptodate(vmf->cow_page); ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; return ret; uncharge_out: put_page(vmf->cow_page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_shared_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret, tmp; ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; /* * Check if the backing address space wants to know that the page is * about to become writable */ if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { unlock_page(vmf->page); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } ret |= finish_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults). * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). * If mmap_lock is released, vma may become invalid (for example * by other thread calling munmap()). */ static vm_fault_t do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *vm_mm = vma->vm_mm; vm_fault_t ret; /* * The VMA was not fully populated on mmap() or missing VM_DONTEXPAND */ if (!vma->vm_ops->fault) { /* * If we find a migration pmd entry or a none pmd entry, which * should never happen, return SIGBUS */ if (unlikely(!pmd_present(*vmf->pmd))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else { vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * Make sure this is not a temporary clearing of pte * by holding ptl and checking again. A R/M/W update * of pte involves: take ptl, clearing the pte so that * we don't have concurrent modification by hardware * followed by an update. */ if (unlikely(pte_none(*vmf->pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); } } else if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) ret = do_read_fault(vmf); else if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = do_cow_fault(vmf); else ret = do_shared_fault(vmf); /* preallocated pagetable is unused: free it */ if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { pte_free(vm_mm, vmf->prealloc_pte); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } return ret; } static int numa_migrate_prep(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int page_nid, int *flags) { get_page(page); count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS); if (page_nid == numa_node_id()) { count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS_LOCAL); *flags |= TNF_FAULT_LOCAL; } return mpol_misplaced(page, vma, addr); } static vm_fault_t do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL; int page_nid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int last_cpupid; int target_nid; bool migrated = false; pte_t pte, old_pte; bool was_writable = pte_savedwrite(vmf->orig_pte); int flags = 0; /* * The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without * validation through pte_unmap_same(). It's of NUMA type but * the pfn may be screwed if the read is non atomic. */ vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); goto out; } /* * Make it present again, Depending on how arch implementes non * accessible ptes, some can allow access by kernel mode. */ old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte = pte_modify(old_pte, vma->vm_page_prot); pte = pte_mkyoung(pte); if (was_writable) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, old_pte, pte); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, pte); if (!page) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* TODO: handle PTE-mapped THP */ if (PageCompound(page)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * Avoid grouping on RO pages in general. RO pages shouldn't hurt as * much anyway since they can be in shared cache state. This misses * the case where a mapping is writable but the process never writes * to it but pte_write gets cleared during protection updates and * pte_dirty has unpredictable behaviour between PTE scan updates, * background writeback, dirty balancing and application behaviour. */ if (!pte_write(pte)) flags |= TNF_NO_GROUP; /* * Flag if the page is shared between multiple address spaces. This * is later used when determining whether to group tasks together */ if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) flags |= TNF_SHARED; last_cpupid = page_cpupid_last(page); page_nid = page_to_nid(page); target_nid = numa_migrate_prep(page, vma, vmf->address, page_nid, &flags); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); if (target_nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) { put_page(page); goto out; } /* Migrate to the requested node */ migrated = migrate_misplaced_page(page, vma, target_nid); if (migrated) { page_nid = target_nid; flags |= TNF_MIGRATED; } else flags |= TNF_MIGRATE_FAIL; out: if (page_nid != NUMA_NO_NODE) task_numa_fault(last_cpupid, page_nid, 1, flags); return 0; } static inline vm_fault_t create_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(vmf); if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* `inline' is required to avoid gcc 4.1.2 build error */ static inline vm_fault_t wp_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) { if (userfaultfd_huge_pmd_wp(vmf->vma, orig_pmd)) return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); return do_huge_pmd_wp_page(vmf, orig_pmd); } if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } /* COW or write-notify handled on pte level: split pmd. */ __split_huge_pmd(vmf->vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, false, NULL); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t create_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) goto split; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } split: /* COW or write-notify not handled on PUD level: split pud.*/ __split_huge_pud(vmf->vma, vmf->pud, vmf->address); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t wp_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* * These routines also need to handle stuff like marking pages dirty * and/or accessed for architectures that don't do it in hardware (most * RISC architectures). The early dirtying is also good on the i386. * * There is also a hook called "update_mmu_cache()" that architectures * with external mmu caches can use to update those (ie the Sparc or * PowerPC hashed page tables that act as extended TLBs). * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, but allow * concurrent faults). * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { pte_t entry; if (unlikely(pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { /* * Leave __pte_alloc() until later: because vm_ops->fault may * want to allocate huge page, and if we expose page table * for an instant, it will be difficult to retract from * concurrent faults and from rmap lookups. */ vmf->pte = NULL; } else { /* See comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return 0; /* * A regular pmd is established and it can't morph into a huge * pmd from under us anymore at this point because we hold the * mmap_lock read mode and khugepaged takes it in write mode. * So now it's safe to run pte_offset_map(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map(vmf->pmd, vmf->address); vmf->orig_pte = *vmf->pte; /* * some architectures can have larger ptes than wordsize, * e.g.ppc44x-defconfig has CONFIG_PTE_64BIT=y and * CONFIG_32BIT=y, so READ_ONCE cannot guarantee atomic * accesses. The code below just needs a consistent view * for the ifs and we later double check anyway with the * ptl lock held. So here a barrier will do. */ barrier(); if (pte_none(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_unmap(vmf->pte); vmf->pte = NULL; } } if (!vmf->pte) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_anonymous_page(vmf); else return do_fault(vmf); } if (!pte_present(vmf->orig_pte)) return do_swap_page(vmf); if (pte_protnone(vmf->orig_pte) && vma_is_accessible(vmf->vma)) return do_numa_page(vmf); vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); entry = vmf->orig_pte; if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, entry))) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { if (!pte_write(entry)) return do_wp_page(vmf); entry = pte_mkdirty(entry); } entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) { update_mmu_cache(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } else { /* Skip spurious TLB flush for retried page fault */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED) goto unlock; /* * This is needed only for protection faults but the arch code * is not yet telling us if this is a protection fault or not. * This still avoids useless tlb flushes for .text page faults * with threads. */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vmf->vma, vmf->address); } unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags) { struct vm_fault vmf = { .vma = vma, .address = address & PAGE_MASK, .flags = flags, .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address), .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma), }; unsigned int dirty = flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; vm_fault_t ret; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address); if (!p4d) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf.pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address); if (!vmf.pud) return VM_FAULT_OOM; retry_pud: if (pud_none(*vmf.pud) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pud(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pud_t orig_pud = *vmf.pud; barrier(); if (pud_trans_huge(orig_pud) || pud_devmap(orig_pud)) { /* NUMA case for anonymous PUDs would go here */ if (dirty && !pud_write(orig_pud)) { ret = wp_huge_pud(&vmf, orig_pud); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pud_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pud); return 0; } } } vmf.pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, vmf.pud, address); if (!vmf.pmd) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* Huge pud page fault raced with pmd_alloc? */ if (pud_trans_unstable(vmf.pud)) goto retry_pud; if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pmd_t orig_pmd = *vmf.pmd; barrier(); if (unlikely(is_swap_pmd(orig_pmd))) { VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() && !is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)); if (is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)) pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, vmf.pmd); return 0; } if (pmd_trans_huge(orig_pmd) || pmd_devmap(orig_pmd)) { if (pmd_protnone(orig_pmd) && vma_is_accessible(vma)) return do_huge_pmd_numa_page(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (dirty && !pmd_write(orig_pmd)) { ret = wp_huge_pmd(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pmd_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pmd); return 0; } } } return handle_pte_fault(&vmf); } /** * mm_account_fault - Do page fault accountings * * @regs: the pt_regs struct pointer. When set to NULL, will skip accounting * of perf event counters, but we'll still do the per-task accounting to * the task who triggered this page fault. * @address: the faulted address. * @flags: the fault flags. * @ret: the fault retcode. * * This will take care of most of the page fault accountings. Meanwhile, it * will also include the PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_[MAJ|MIN] perf counter * updates. However note that the handling of PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS should * still be in per-arch page fault handlers at the entry of page fault. */ static inline void mm_account_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, vm_fault_t ret) { bool major; /* * We don't do accounting for some specific faults: * * - Unsuccessful faults (e.g. when the address wasn't valid). That * includes arch_vma_access_permitted() failing before reaching here. * So this is not a "this many hardware page faults" counter. We * should use the hw profiling for that. * * - Incomplete faults (VM_FAULT_RETRY). They will only be counted * once they're completed. */ if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_RETRY)) return; /* * We define the fault as a major fault when the final successful fault * is VM_FAULT_MAJOR, or if it retried (which implies that we couldn't * handle it immediately previously). */ major = (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR) || (flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED); if (major) current->maj_flt++; else current->min_flt++; /* * If the fault is done for GUP, regs will be NULL. We only do the * accounting for the per thread fault counters who triggered the * fault, and we skip the perf event updates. */ if (!regs) return; if (major) perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MAJ, 1, regs, address); else perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MIN, 1, regs, address); } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { vm_fault_t ret; __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); count_vm_event(PGFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGFAULT); /* do counter updates before entering really critical section. */ check_sync_rss_stat(current); if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, flags & FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, flags & FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE)) return VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV; /* * Enable the memcg OOM handling for faults triggered in user * space. Kernel faults are handled more gracefully. */ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(); if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags); else ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) { mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(); /* * The task may have entered a memcg OOM situation but * if the allocation error was handled gracefully (no * VM_FAULT_OOM), there is no need to kill anything. * Just clean up the OOM state peacefully. */ if (task_in_memcg_oom(current) && !(ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)) mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(false); } mm_account_fault(regs, address, flags, ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_mm_fault); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED /* * Allocate p4d page table. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { p4d_t *new = p4d_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (pgd_present(*pgd)) /* Another has populated it */ p4d_free(mm, new); else pgd_populate(mm, pgd, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page upper directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { pud_t *new = pud_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) { mm_inc_nr_puds(mm); p4d_populate(mm, p4d, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pud_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page middle directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { spinlock_t *ptl; pmd_t *new = pmd_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ ptl = pud_lock(mm, pud); if (!pud_present(*pud)) { mm_inc_nr_pmds(mm); pud_populate(mm, pud, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pmd_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(ptl); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED */ int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d) || unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { if (!pmdpp) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PMD_MASK, (address & PMD_MASK) + PMD_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } *ptlp = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { *pmdpp = pmd; return 0; } spin_unlock(*ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); } if (pmd_none(*pmd) || unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PAGE_MASK, (address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp); if (!pte_present(*ptep)) goto unlock; *ptepp = ptep; return 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, *ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); out: return -EINVAL; } /** * follow_pte - look up PTE at a user virtual address * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @address: user virtual address * @ptepp: location to store found PTE * @ptlp: location to store the lock for the PTE * * On a successful return, the pointer to the PTE is stored in @ptepp; * the corresponding lock is taken and its location is stored in @ptlp. * The contents of the PTE are only stable until @ptlp is released; * any further use, if any, must be protected against invalidation * with MMU notifiers. * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. The mmap semaphore * should be taken for read. * * KVM uses this function. While it is arguably less bad than ``follow_pfn``, * it is not a good general-purpose API. * * Return: zero on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { return follow_invalidate_pte(mm, address, NULL, ptepp, NULL, ptlp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(follow_pte); /** * follow_pfn - look up PFN at a user virtual address * @vma: memory mapping * @address: user virtual address * @pfn: location to store found PFN * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. * * This function does not allow the caller to read the permissions * of the PTE. Do not use it. * * Return: zero and the pfn at @pfn on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn) { int ret = -EINVAL; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *ptep; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) return ret; ret = follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl); if (ret) return ret; *pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep); pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_pfn); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys) { int ret = -EINVAL; pte_t *ptep, pte; spinlock_t *ptl; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) goto out; if (follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl)) goto out; pte = *ptep; if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte)) goto unlock; *prot = pgprot_val(pte_pgprot(pte)); *phys = (resource_size_t)pte_pfn(pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; ret = 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); out: return ret; } int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write) { resource_size_t phys_addr; unsigned long prot = 0; void __iomem *maddr; int offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (follow_phys(vma, addr, write, &prot, &phys_addr)) return -EINVAL; maddr = ioremap_prot(phys_addr, PAGE_ALIGN(len + offset), prot); if (!maddr) return -ENOMEM; if (write) memcpy_toio(maddr + offset, buf, len); else memcpy_fromio(buf, maddr + offset, len); iounmap(maddr); return len; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_access_phys); #endif /* * Access another process' address space as given in mm. If non-NULL, use the * given task for page fault accounting. */ int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; void *old_buf = buf; int write = gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE; if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm)) return 0; /* ignore errors, just check how much was successfully transferred */ while (len) { int bytes, ret, offset; void *maddr; struct page *page = NULL; ret = get_user_pages_remote(mm, addr, 1, gup_flags, &page, &vma, NULL); if (ret <= 0) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT break; #else /* * Check if this is a VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP VMA, which * we can access using slightly different code. */ vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (!vma || vma->vm_start > addr) break; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->access) ret = vma->vm_ops->access(vma, addr, buf, len, write); if (ret <= 0) break; bytes = ret; #endif } else { bytes = len; offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (bytes > PAGE_SIZE-offset) bytes = PAGE_SIZE-offset; maddr = kmap(page); if (write) { copy_to_user_page(vma, page, addr, maddr + offset, buf, bytes); set_page_dirty_lock(page); } else { copy_from_user_page(vma, page, addr, buf, maddr + offset, bytes); } kunmap(page); put_page(page); } len -= bytes; buf += bytes; addr += bytes; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); return buf - old_buf; } /** * access_remote_vm - access another process' address space * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @addr: start address to access * @buf: source or destination buffer * @len: number of bytes to transfer * @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour * * The caller must hold a reference on @mm. * * Return: number of bytes copied from source to destination. */ int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { return __access_remote_vm(NULL, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); } /* * Access another process' address space. * Source/target buffer must be kernel space, * Do not walk the page table directly, use get_user_pages */ int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct mm_struct *mm; int ret; mm = get_task_mm(tsk); if (!mm) return 0; ret = __access_remote_vm(tsk, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); mmput(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(access_process_vm); /* * Print the name of a VMA. */ void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long ip) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* * we might be running from an atomic context so we cannot sleep */ if (!mmap_read_trylock(mm)) return; vma = find_vma(mm, ip); if (vma && vma->vm_file) { struct file *f = vma->vm_file; char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_NOWAIT); if (buf) { char *p; p = file_path(f, buf, PAGE_SIZE); if (IS_ERR(p)) p = "?"; printk("%s%s[%lx+%lx]", prefix, kbasename(p), vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } mmap_read_unlock(mm); } #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) void __might_fault(const char *file, int line) { /* * Some code (nfs/sunrpc) uses socket ops on kernel memory while * holding the mmap_lock, this is safe because kernel memory doesn't * get paged out, therefore we'll never actually fault, and the * below annotations will generate false positives. */ if (uaccess_kernel()) return; if (pagefault_disabled()) return; __might_sleep(file, line, 0); #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) if (current->mm) might_lock_read(&current->mm->mmap_lock); #endif } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__might_fault); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) /* * Process all subpages of the specified huge page with the specified * operation. The target subpage will be processed last to keep its * cache lines hot. */ static inline void process_huge_page( unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, void (*process_subpage)(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg), void *arg) { int i, n, base, l; unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); /* Process target subpage last to keep its cache lines hot */ might_sleep(); n = (addr_hint - addr) / PAGE_SIZE; if (2 * n <= pages_per_huge_page) { /* If target subpage in first half of huge page */ base = 0; l = n; /* Process subpages at the end of huge page */ for (i = pages_per_huge_page - 1; i >= 2 * n; i--) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } else { /* If target subpage in second half of huge page */ base = pages_per_huge_page - 2 * (pages_per_huge_page - n); l = pages_per_huge_page - n; /* Process subpages at the begin of huge page */ for (i = 0; i < base; i++) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } /* * Process remaining subpages in left-right-left-right pattern * towards the target subpage */ for (i = 0; i < l; i++) { int left_idx = base + i; int right_idx = base + 2 * l - 1 - i; cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + left_idx * PAGE_SIZE, left_idx, arg); cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + right_idx * PAGE_SIZE, right_idx, arg); } } static void clear_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *p = page; might_sleep(); for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, p = mem_map_next(p, page, i)) { cond_resched(); clear_user_highpage(p, addr + i * PAGE_SIZE); } } static void clear_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct page *page = arg; clear_user_highpage(page + idx, addr); } void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { clear_gigantic_page(page, addr, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, clear_subpage, page); } static void copy_user_gigantic_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *dst_base = dst; struct page *src_base = src; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; ) { cond_resched(); copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr + i*PAGE_SIZE, vma); i++; dst = mem_map_next(dst, dst_base, i); src = mem_map_next(src, src_base, i); } } struct copy_subpage_arg { struct page *dst; struct page *src; struct vm_area_struct *vma; }; static void copy_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct copy_subpage_arg *copy_arg = arg; copy_user_highpage(copy_arg->dst + idx, copy_arg->src + idx, addr, copy_arg->vma); } void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); struct copy_subpage_arg arg = { .dst = dst, .src = src, .vma = vma, }; if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { copy_user_gigantic_page(dst, src, addr, vma, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, copy_subpage, &arg); } long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault) { void *src = (void *)usr_src; void *page_kaddr; unsigned long i, rc = 0; unsigned long ret_val = pages_per_huge_page * PAGE_SIZE; struct page *subpage = dst_page; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, subpage = mem_map_next(subpage, dst_page, i)) { if (allow_pagefault) page_kaddr = kmap(subpage); else page_kaddr = kmap_atomic(subpage); rc = copy_from_user(page_kaddr, (const void __user *)(src + i * PAGE_SIZE), PAGE_SIZE); if (allow_pagefault) kunmap(subpage); else kunmap_atomic(page_kaddr); ret_val -= (PAGE_SIZE - rc); if (rc) break; cond_resched(); } return ret_val; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS && ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS static struct kmem_cache *page_ptl_cachep; void __init ptlock_cache_init(void) { page_ptl_cachep = kmem_cache_create("page->ptl", sizeof(spinlock_t), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = kmem_cache_alloc(page_ptl_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ptl) return false; page->ptl = ptl; return true; } void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { kmem_cache_free(page_ptl_cachep, page->ptl); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PROCESSOR_H #define _ASM_X86_PROCESSOR_H #include <asm/processor-flags.h> /* Forward declaration, a strange C thing */ struct task_struct; struct mm_struct; struct io_bitmap; struct vm86; #include <asm/math_emu.h> #include <asm/segment.h> #include <asm/types.h> #include <uapi/asm/sigcontext.h> #include <asm/current.h> #include <asm/cpufeatures.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/pgtable_types.h> #include <asm/percpu.h> #include <asm/msr.h> #include <asm/desc_defs.h> #include <asm/nops.h> #include <asm/special_insns.h> #include <asm/fpu/types.h> #include <asm/unwind_hints.h> #include <asm/vmxfeatures.h> #include <asm/vdso/processor.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/math64.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/mem_encrypt.h> /* * We handle most unaligned accesses in hardware. On the other hand * unaligned DMA can be quite expensive on some Nehalem processors. * * Based on this we disable the IP header alignment in network drivers. */ #define NET_IP_ALIGN 0 #define HBP_NUM 4 /* * These alignment constraints are for performance in the vSMP case, * but in the task_struct case we must also meet hardware imposed * alignment requirements of the FPU state: */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_VSMP # define ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN (1 << INTERNODE_CACHE_SHIFT) # define ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN (1 << INTERNODE_CACHE_SHIFT) #else # define ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN __alignof__(union fpregs_state) # define ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN 0 #endif enum tlb_infos { ENTRIES, NR_INFO }; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lli_4k[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lli_2m[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lli_4m[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lld_4k[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lld_2m[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lld_4m[NR_INFO]; extern u16 __read_mostly tlb_lld_1g[NR_INFO]; /* * CPU type and hardware bug flags. Kept separately for each CPU. * Members of this structure are referenced in head_32.S, so think twice * before touching them. [mj] */ struct cpuinfo_x86 { __u8 x86; /* CPU family */ __u8 x86_vendor; /* CPU vendor */ __u8 x86_model; __u8 x86_stepping; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* Number of 4K pages in DTLB/ITLB combined(in pages): */ int x86_tlbsize; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_VMX_FEATURE_NAMES __u32 vmx_capability[NVMXINTS]; #endif __u8 x86_virt_bits; __u8 x86_phys_bits; /* CPUID returned core id bits: */ __u8 x86_coreid_bits; __u8 cu_id; /* Max extended CPUID function supported: */ __u32 extended_cpuid_level; /* Maximum supported CPUID level, -1=no CPUID: */ int cpuid_level; /* * Align to size of unsigned long because the x86_capability array * is passed to bitops which require the alignment. Use unnamed * union to enforce the array is aligned to size of unsigned long. */ union { __u32 x86_capability[NCAPINTS + NBUGINTS]; unsigned long x86_capability_alignment; }; char x86_vendor_id[16]; char x86_model_id[64]; /* in KB - valid for CPUS which support this call: */ unsigned int x86_cache_size; int x86_cache_alignment; /* In bytes */ /* Cache QoS architectural values, valid only on the BSP: */ int x86_cache_max_rmid; /* max index */ int x86_cache_occ_scale; /* scale to bytes */ int x86_cache_mbm_width_offset; int x86_power; unsigned long loops_per_jiffy; /* cpuid returned max cores value: */ u16 x86_max_cores; u16 apicid; u16 initial_apicid; u16 x86_clflush_size; /* number of cores as seen by the OS: */ u16 booted_cores; /* Physical processor id: */ u16 phys_proc_id; /* Logical processor id: */ u16 logical_proc_id; /* Core id: */ u16 cpu_core_id; u16 cpu_die_id; u16 logical_die_id; /* Index into per_cpu list: */ u16 cpu_index; u32 microcode; /* Address space bits used by the cache internally */ u8 x86_cache_bits; unsigned initialized : 1; } __randomize_layout; struct cpuid_regs { u32 eax, ebx, ecx, edx; }; enum cpuid_regs_idx { CPUID_EAX = 0, CPUID_EBX, CPUID_ECX, CPUID_EDX, }; #define X86_VENDOR_INTEL 0 #define X86_VENDOR_CYRIX 1 #define X86_VENDOR_AMD 2 #define X86_VENDOR_UMC 3 #define X86_VENDOR_CENTAUR 5 #define X86_VENDOR_TRANSMETA 7 #define X86_VENDOR_NSC 8 #define X86_VENDOR_HYGON 9 #define X86_VENDOR_ZHAOXIN 10 #define X86_VENDOR_NUM 11 #define X86_VENDOR_UNKNOWN 0xff /* * capabilities of CPUs */ extern struct cpuinfo_x86 boot_cpu_data; extern struct cpuinfo_x86 new_cpu_data; extern __u32 cpu_caps_cleared[NCAPINTS + NBUGINTS]; extern __u32 cpu_caps_set[NCAPINTS + NBUGINTS]; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(struct cpuinfo_x86, cpu_info); #define cpu_data(cpu) per_cpu(cpu_info, cpu) #else #define cpu_info boot_cpu_data #define cpu_data(cpu) boot_cpu_data #endif extern const struct seq_operations cpuinfo_op; #define cache_line_size() (boot_cpu_data.x86_cache_alignment) extern void cpu_detect(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c); static inline unsigned long long l1tf_pfn_limit(void) { return BIT_ULL(boot_cpu_data.x86_cache_bits - 1 - PAGE_SHIFT); } extern void early_cpu_init(void); extern void identify_boot_cpu(void); extern void identify_secondary_cpu(struct cpuinfo_x86 *); extern void print_cpu_info(struct cpuinfo_x86 *); void print_cpu_msr(struct cpuinfo_x86 *); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 extern int have_cpuid_p(void); #else static inline int have_cpuid_p(void) { return 1; } #endif static inline void native_cpuid(unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx, unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx) { /* ecx is often an input as well as an output. */ asm volatile("cpuid" : "=a" (*eax), "=b" (*ebx), "=c" (*ecx), "=d" (*edx) : "0" (*eax), "2" (*ecx) : "memory"); } #define native_cpuid_reg(reg) \ static inline unsigned int native_cpuid_##reg(unsigned int op) \ { \ unsigned int eax = op, ebx, ecx = 0, edx; \ \ native_cpuid(&eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx); \ \ return reg; \ } /* * Native CPUID functions returning a single datum. */ native_cpuid_reg(eax) native_cpuid_reg(ebx) native_cpuid_reg(ecx) native_cpuid_reg(edx) /* * Friendlier CR3 helpers. */ static inline unsigned long read_cr3_pa(void) { return __read_cr3() & CR3_ADDR_MASK; } static inline unsigned long native_read_cr3_pa(void) { return __native_read_cr3() & CR3_ADDR_MASK; } static inline void load_cr3(pgd_t *pgdir) { write_cr3(__sme_pa(pgdir)); } /* * Note that while the legacy 'TSS' name comes from 'Task State Segment', * on modern x86 CPUs the TSS also holds information important to 64-bit mode, * unrelated to the task-switch mechanism: */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* This is the TSS defined by the hardware. */ struct x86_hw_tss { unsigned short back_link, __blh; unsigned long sp0; unsigned short ss0, __ss0h; unsigned long sp1; /* * We don't use ring 1, so ss1 is a convenient scratch space in * the same cacheline as sp0. We use ss1 to cache the value in * MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS. When we context switch * MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS, we first check if the new value being * written matches ss1, and, if it's not, then we wrmsr the new * value and update ss1. * * The only reason we context switch MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS is * that we set it to zero in vm86 tasks to avoid corrupting the * stack if we were to go through the sysenter path from vm86 * mode. */ unsigned short ss1; /* MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS */ unsigned short __ss1h; unsigned long sp2; unsigned short ss2, __ss2h; unsigned long __cr3; unsigned long ip; unsigned long flags; unsigned long ax; unsigned long cx; unsigned long dx; unsigned long bx; unsigned long sp; unsigned long bp; unsigned long si; unsigned long di; unsigned short es, __esh; unsigned short cs, __csh; unsigned short ss, __ssh; unsigned short ds, __dsh; unsigned short fs, __fsh; unsigned short gs, __gsh; unsigned short ldt, __ldth; unsigned short trace; unsigned short io_bitmap_base; } __attribute__((packed)); #else struct x86_hw_tss { u32 reserved1; u64 sp0; /* * We store cpu_current_top_of_stack in sp1 so it's always accessible. * Linux does not use ring 1, so sp1 is not otherwise needed. */ u64 sp1; /* * Since Linux does not use ring 2, the 'sp2' slot is unused by * hardware. entry_SYSCALL_64 uses it as scratch space to stash * the user RSP value. */ u64 sp2; u64 reserved2; u64 ist[7]; u32 reserved3; u32 reserved4; u16 reserved5; u16 io_bitmap_base; } __attribute__((packed)); #endif /* * IO-bitmap sizes: */ #define IO_BITMAP_BITS 65536 #define IO_BITMAP_BYTES (IO_BITMAP_BITS / BITS_PER_BYTE) #define IO_BITMAP_LONGS (IO_BITMAP_BYTES / sizeof(long)) #define IO_BITMAP_OFFSET_VALID_MAP \ (offsetof(struct tss_struct, io_bitmap.bitmap) - \ offsetof(struct tss_struct, x86_tss)) #define IO_BITMAP_OFFSET_VALID_ALL \ (offsetof(struct tss_struct, io_bitmap.mapall) - \ offsetof(struct tss_struct, x86_tss)) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_IOPL_IOPERM /* * sizeof(unsigned long) coming from an extra "long" at the end of the * iobitmap. The limit is inclusive, i.e. the last valid byte. */ # define __KERNEL_TSS_LIMIT \ (IO_BITMAP_OFFSET_VALID_ALL + IO_BITMAP_BYTES + \ sizeof(unsigned long) - 1) #else # define __KERNEL_TSS_LIMIT \ (offsetof(struct tss_struct, x86_tss) + sizeof(struct x86_hw_tss) - 1) #endif /* Base offset outside of TSS_LIMIT so unpriviledged IO causes #GP */ #define IO_BITMAP_OFFSET_INVALID (__KERNEL_TSS_LIMIT + 1) struct entry_stack { char stack[PAGE_SIZE]; }; struct entry_stack_page { struct entry_stack stack; } __aligned(PAGE_SIZE); /* * All IO bitmap related data stored in the TSS: */ struct x86_io_bitmap { /* The sequence number of the last active bitmap. */ u64 prev_sequence; /* * Store the dirty size of the last io bitmap offender. The next * one will have to do the cleanup as the switch out to a non io * bitmap user will just set x86_tss.io_bitmap_base to a value * outside of the TSS limit. So for sane tasks there is no need to * actually touch the io_bitmap at all. */ unsigned int prev_max; /* * The extra 1 is there because the CPU will access an * additional byte beyond the end of the IO permission * bitmap. The extra byte must be all 1 bits, and must * be within the limit. */ unsigned long bitmap[IO_BITMAP_LONGS + 1]; /* * Special I/O bitmap to emulate IOPL(3). All bytes zero, * except the additional byte at the end. */ unsigned long mapall[IO_BITMAP_LONGS + 1]; }; struct tss_struct { /* * The fixed hardware portion. This must not cross a page boundary * at risk of violating the SDM's advice and potentially triggering * errata. */ struct x86_hw_tss x86_tss; struct x86_io_bitmap io_bitmap; } __aligned(PAGE_SIZE); DECLARE_PER_CPU_PAGE_ALIGNED(struct tss_struct, cpu_tss_rw); /* Per CPU interrupt stacks */ struct irq_stack { char stack[IRQ_STACK_SIZE]; } __aligned(IRQ_STACK_SIZE); DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct irq_stack *, hardirq_stack_ptr); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, cpu_current_top_of_stack); #else /* The RO copy can't be accessed with this_cpu_xyz(), so use the RW copy. */ #define cpu_current_top_of_stack cpu_tss_rw.x86_tss.sp1 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 struct fixed_percpu_data { /* * GCC hardcodes the stack canary as %gs:40. Since the * irq_stack is the object at %gs:0, we reserve the bottom * 48 bytes of the irq stack for the canary. */ char gs_base[40]; unsigned long stack_canary; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU_FIRST(struct fixed_percpu_data, fixed_percpu_data) __visible; DECLARE_INIT_PER_CPU(fixed_percpu_data); static inline unsigned long cpu_kernelmode_gs_base(int cpu) { return (unsigned long)per_cpu(fixed_percpu_data.gs_base, cpu); } DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, irq_count); extern asmlinkage void ignore_sysret(void); /* Save actual FS/GS selectors and bases to current->thread */ void current_save_fsgs(void); #else /* X86_64 */ #ifdef CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR /* * Make sure stack canary segment base is cached-aligned: * "For Intel Atom processors, avoid non zero segment base address * that is not aligned to cache line boundary at all cost." * (Optim Ref Manual Assembly/Compiler Coding Rule 15.) */ struct stack_canary { char __pad[20]; /* canary at %gs:20 */ unsigned long canary; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU_ALIGNED(struct stack_canary, stack_canary); #endif /* Per CPU softirq stack pointer */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct irq_stack *, softirq_stack_ptr); #endif /* X86_64 */ extern unsigned int fpu_kernel_xstate_size; extern unsigned int fpu_user_xstate_size; struct perf_event; struct thread_struct { /* Cached TLS descriptors: */ struct desc_struct tls_array[GDT_ENTRY_TLS_ENTRIES]; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 unsigned long sp0; #endif unsigned long sp; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 unsigned long sysenter_cs; #else unsigned short es; unsigned short ds; unsigned short fsindex; unsigned short gsindex; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 unsigned long fsbase; unsigned long gsbase; #else /* * XXX: this could presumably be unsigned short. Alternatively, * 32-bit kernels could be taught to use fsindex instead. */ unsigned long fs; unsigned long gs; #endif /* Save middle states of ptrace breakpoints */ struct perf_event *ptrace_bps[HBP_NUM]; /* Debug status used for traps, single steps, etc... */ unsigned long virtual_dr6; /* Keep track of the exact dr7 value set by the user */ unsigned long ptrace_dr7; /* Fault info: */ unsigned long cr2; unsigned long trap_nr; unsigned long error_code; #ifdef CONFIG_VM86 /* Virtual 86 mode info */ struct vm86 *vm86; #endif /* IO permissions: */ struct io_bitmap *io_bitmap; /* * IOPL. Priviledge level dependent I/O permission which is * emulated via the I/O bitmap to prevent user space from disabling * interrupts. */ unsigned long iopl_emul; unsigned int iopl_warn:1; unsigned int sig_on_uaccess_err:1; /* Floating point and extended processor state */ struct fpu fpu; /* * WARNING: 'fpu' is dynamically-sized. It *MUST* be at * the end. */ }; /* Whitelist the FPU state from the task_struct for hardened usercopy. */ static inline void arch_thread_struct_whitelist(unsigned long *offset, unsigned long *size) { *offset = offsetof(struct thread_struct, fpu.state); *size = fpu_kernel_xstate_size; } static inline void native_load_sp0(unsigned long sp0) { this_cpu_write(cpu_tss_rw.x86_tss.sp0, sp0); } static __always_inline void native_swapgs(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 asm volatile("swapgs" ::: "memory"); #endif } static inline unsigned long current_top_of_stack(void) { /* * We can't read directly from tss.sp0: sp0 on x86_32 is special in * and around vm86 mode and sp0 on x86_64 is special because of the * entry trampoline. */ return this_cpu_read_stable(cpu_current_top_of_stack); } static inline bool on_thread_stack(void) { return (unsigned long)(current_top_of_stack() - current_stack_pointer) < THREAD_SIZE; } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else #define __cpuid native_cpuid static inline void load_sp0(unsigned long sp0) { native_load_sp0(sp0); } #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ /* Free all resources held by a thread. */ extern void release_thread(struct task_struct *); unsigned long get_wchan(struct task_struct *p); /* * Generic CPUID function * clear %ecx since some cpus (Cyrix MII) do not set or clear %ecx * resulting in stale register contents being returned. */ static inline void cpuid(unsigned int op, unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx, unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx) { *eax = op; *ecx = 0; __cpuid(eax, ebx, ecx, edx); } /* Some CPUID calls want 'count' to be placed in ecx */ static inline void cpuid_count(unsigned int op, int count, unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx, unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx) { *eax = op; *ecx = count; __cpuid(eax, ebx, ecx, edx); } /* * CPUID functions returning a single datum */ static inline unsigned int cpuid_eax(unsigned int op) { unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx; cpuid(op, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx); return eax; } static inline unsigned int cpuid_ebx(unsigned int op) { unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx; cpuid(op, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx); return ebx; } static inline unsigned int cpuid_ecx(unsigned int op) { unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx; cpuid(op, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx); return ecx; } static inline unsigned int cpuid_edx(unsigned int op) { unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx; cpuid(op, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx); return edx; } extern void select_idle_routine(const struct cpuinfo_x86 *c); extern void amd_e400_c1e_apic_setup(void); extern unsigned long boot_option_idle_override; enum idle_boot_override {IDLE_NO_OVERRIDE=0, IDLE_HALT, IDLE_NOMWAIT, IDLE_POLL}; extern void enable_sep_cpu(void); extern int sysenter_setup(void); /* Defined in head.S */ extern struct desc_ptr early_gdt_descr; extern void switch_to_new_gdt(int); extern void load_direct_gdt(int); extern void load_fixmap_gdt(int); extern void load_percpu_segment(int); extern void cpu_init(void); extern void cpu_init_exception_handling(void); extern void cr4_init(void); static inline unsigned long get_debugctlmsr(void) { unsigned long debugctlmsr = 0; #ifndef CONFIG_X86_DEBUGCTLMSR if (boot_cpu_data.x86 < 6) return 0; #endif rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_DEBUGCTLMSR, debugctlmsr); return debugctlmsr; } static inline void update_debugctlmsr(unsigned long debugctlmsr) { #ifndef CONFIG_X86_DEBUGCTLMSR if (boot_cpu_data.x86 < 6) return; #endif wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_DEBUGCTLMSR, debugctlmsr); } extern void set_task_blockstep(struct task_struct *task, bool on); /* Boot loader type from the setup header: */ extern int bootloader_type; extern int bootloader_version; extern char ignore_fpu_irq; #define HAVE_ARCH_PICK_MMAP_LAYOUT 1 #define ARCH_HAS_PREFETCHW #define ARCH_HAS_SPINLOCK_PREFETCH #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # define BASE_PREFETCH "" # define ARCH_HAS_PREFETCH #else # define BASE_PREFETCH "prefetcht0 %P1" #endif /* * Prefetch instructions for Pentium III (+) and AMD Athlon (+) * * It's not worth to care about 3dnow prefetches for the K6 * because they are microcoded there and very slow. */ static inline void prefetch(const void *x) { alternative_input(BASE_PREFETCH, "prefetchnta %P1", X86_FEATURE_XMM, "m" (*(const char *)x)); } /* * 3dnow prefetch to get an exclusive cache line. * Useful for spinlocks to avoid one state transition in the * cache coherency protocol: */ static __always_inline void prefetchw(const void *x) { alternative_input(BASE_PREFETCH, "prefetchw %P1", X86_FEATURE_3DNOWPREFETCH, "m" (*(const char *)x)); } static inline void spin_lock_prefetch(const void *x) { prefetchw(x); } #define TOP_OF_INIT_STACK ((unsigned long)&init_stack + sizeof(init_stack) - \ TOP_OF_KERNEL_STACK_PADDING) #define task_top_of_stack(task) ((unsigned long)(task_pt_regs(task) + 1)) #define task_pt_regs(task) \ ({ \ unsigned long __ptr = (unsigned long)task_stack_page(task); \ __ptr += THREAD_SIZE - TOP_OF_KERNEL_STACK_PADDING; \ ((struct pt_regs *)__ptr) - 1; \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define INIT_THREAD { \ .sp0 = TOP_OF_INIT_STACK, \ .sysenter_cs = __KERNEL_CS, \ } #define KSTK_ESP(task) (task_pt_regs(task)->sp) #else #define INIT_THREAD { } extern unsigned long KSTK_ESP(struct task_struct *task); #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */ extern void start_thread(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long new_ip, unsigned long new_sp); /* * This decides where the kernel will search for a free chunk of vm * space during mmap's. */ #define __TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE(task_size) (PAGE_ALIGN(task_size / 3)) #define TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE __TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE(TASK_SIZE_LOW) #define KSTK_EIP(task) (task_pt_regs(task)->ip) /* Get/set a process' ability to use the timestamp counter instruction */ #define GET_TSC_CTL(adr) get_tsc_mode((adr)) #define SET_TSC_CTL(val) set_tsc_mode((val)) extern int get_tsc_mode(unsigned long adr); extern int set_tsc_mode(unsigned int val); DECLARE_PER_CPU(u64, msr_misc_features_shadow); #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD extern u16 amd_get_nb_id(int cpu); extern u32 amd_get_nodes_per_socket(void); #else static inline u16 amd_get_nb_id(int cpu) { return 0; } static inline u32 amd_get_nodes_per_socket(void) { return 0; } #endif static inline uint32_t hypervisor_cpuid_base(const char *sig, uint32_t leaves) { uint32_t base, eax, signature[3]; for (base = 0x40000000; base < 0x40010000; base += 0x100) { cpuid(base, &eax, &signature[0], &signature[1], &signature[2]); if (!memcmp(sig, signature, 12) && (leaves == 0 || ((eax - base) >= leaves))) return base; } return 0; } extern unsigned long arch_align_stack(unsigned long sp); void free_init_pages(const char *what, unsigned long begin, unsigned long end); extern void free_kernel_image_pages(const char *what, void *begin, void *end); void default_idle(void); #ifdef CONFIG_XEN bool xen_set_default_idle(void); #else #define xen_set_default_idle 0 #endif void stop_this_cpu(void *dummy); void microcode_check(void); enum l1tf_mitigations { L1TF_MITIGATION_OFF, L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH_NOWARN, L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH, L1TF_MITIGATION_FLUSH_NOSMT, L1TF_MITIGATION_FULL, L1TF_MITIGATION_FULL_FORCE }; extern enum l1tf_mitigations l1tf_mitigation; enum mds_mitigations { MDS_MITIGATION_OFF, MDS_MITIGATION_FULL, MDS_MITIGATION_VMWERV, }; #endif /* _ASM_X86_PROCESSOR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM net #if !defined(_TRACE_NET_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_NET_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/if_vlan.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(net_dev_start_xmit, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev), TP_ARGS(skb, dev), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, dev->name ) __field( u16, queue_mapping ) __field( const void *, skbaddr ) __field( bool, vlan_tagged ) __field( u16, vlan_proto ) __field( u16, vlan_tci ) __field( u16, protocol ) __field( u8, ip_summed ) __field( unsigned int, len ) __field( unsigned int, data_len ) __field( int, network_offset ) __field( bool, transport_offset_valid) __field( int, transport_offset) __field( u8, tx_flags ) __field( u16, gso_size ) __field( u16, gso_segs ) __field( u16, gso_type ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, dev->name); __entry->queue_mapping = skb->queue_mapping; __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->vlan_tagged = skb_vlan_tag_present(skb); __entry->vlan_proto = ntohs(skb->vlan_proto); __entry->vlan_tci = skb_vlan_tag_get(skb); __entry->protocol = ntohs(skb->protocol); __entry->ip_summed = skb->ip_summed; __entry->len = skb->len; __entry->data_len = skb->data_len; __entry->network_offset = skb_network_offset(skb); __entry->transport_offset_valid = skb_transport_header_was_set(skb); __entry->transport_offset = skb_transport_offset(skb); __entry->tx_flags = skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags; __entry->gso_size = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size; __entry->gso_segs = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs; __entry->gso_type = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type; ), TP_printk("dev=%s queue_mapping=%u skbaddr=%p vlan_tagged=%d vlan_proto=0x%04x vlan_tci=0x%04x protocol=0x%04x ip_summed=%d len=%u data_len=%u network_offset=%d transport_offset_valid=%d transport_offset=%d tx_flags=%d gso_size=%d gso_segs=%d gso_type=%#x", __get_str(name), __entry->queue_mapping, __entry->skbaddr, __entry->vlan_tagged, __entry->vlan_proto, __entry->vlan_tci, __entry->protocol, __entry->ip_summed, __entry->len, __entry->data_len, __entry->network_offset, __entry->transport_offset_valid, __entry->transport_offset, __entry->tx_flags, __entry->gso_size, __entry->gso_segs, __entry->gso_type) ); TRACE_EVENT(net_dev_xmit, TP_PROTO(struct sk_buff *skb, int rc, struct net_device *dev, unsigned int skb_len), TP_ARGS(skb, rc, dev, skb_len), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, skbaddr ) __field( unsigned int, len ) __field( int, rc ) __string( name, dev->name ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->len = skb_len; __entry->rc = rc; __assign_str(name, dev->name); ), TP_printk("dev=%s skbaddr=%p len=%u rc=%d", __get_str(name), __entry->skbaddr, __entry->len, __entry->rc) ); TRACE_EVENT(net_dev_xmit_timeout, TP_PROTO(struct net_device *dev, int queue_index), TP_ARGS(dev, queue_index), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, dev->name ) __string( driver, netdev_drivername(dev)) __field( int, queue_index ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, dev->name); __assign_str(driver, netdev_drivername(dev)); __entry->queue_index = queue_index; ), TP_printk("dev=%s driver=%s queue=%d", __get_str(name), __get_str(driver), __entry->queue_index) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(net_dev_template, TP_PROTO(struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, skbaddr ) __field( unsigned int, len ) __string( name, skb->dev->name ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->len = skb->len; __assign_str(name, skb->dev->name); ), TP_printk("dev=%s skbaddr=%p len=%u", __get_str(name), __entry->skbaddr, __entry->len) ) DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_template, net_dev_queue, TP_PROTO(struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_template, netif_receive_skb, TP_PROTO(struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_template, netif_rx, TP_PROTO(struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(net_dev_rx_verbose_template, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, skb->dev->name ) __field( unsigned int, napi_id ) __field( u16, queue_mapping ) __field( const void *, skbaddr ) __field( bool, vlan_tagged ) __field( u16, vlan_proto ) __field( u16, vlan_tci ) __field( u16, protocol ) __field( u8, ip_summed ) __field( u32, hash ) __field( bool, l4_hash ) __field( unsigned int, len ) __field( unsigned int, data_len ) __field( unsigned int, truesize ) __field( bool, mac_header_valid) __field( int, mac_header ) __field( unsigned char, nr_frags ) __field( u16, gso_size ) __field( u16, gso_type ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, skb->dev->name); #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL __entry->napi_id = skb->napi_id; #else __entry->napi_id = 0; #endif __entry->queue_mapping = skb->queue_mapping; __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->vlan_tagged = skb_vlan_tag_present(skb); __entry->vlan_proto = ntohs(skb->vlan_proto); __entry->vlan_tci = skb_vlan_tag_get(skb); __entry->protocol = ntohs(skb->protocol); __entry->ip_summed = skb->ip_summed; __entry->hash = skb->hash; __entry->l4_hash = skb->l4_hash; __entry->len = skb->len; __entry->data_len = skb->data_len; __entry->truesize = skb->truesize; __entry->mac_header_valid = skb_mac_header_was_set(skb); __entry->mac_header = skb_mac_header(skb) - skb->data; __entry->nr_frags = skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags; __entry->gso_size = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size; __entry->gso_type = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type; ), TP_printk("dev=%s napi_id=%#x queue_mapping=%u skbaddr=%p vlan_tagged=%d vlan_proto=0x%04x vlan_tci=0x%04x protocol=0x%04x ip_summed=%d hash=0x%08x l4_hash=%d len=%u data_len=%u truesize=%u mac_header_valid=%d mac_header=%d nr_frags=%d gso_size=%d gso_type=%#x", __get_str(name), __entry->napi_id, __entry->queue_mapping, __entry->skbaddr, __entry->vlan_tagged, __entry->vlan_proto, __entry->vlan_tci, __entry->protocol, __entry->ip_summed, __entry->hash, __entry->l4_hash, __entry->len, __entry->data_len, __entry->truesize, __entry->mac_header_valid, __entry->mac_header, __entry->nr_frags, __entry->gso_size, __entry->gso_type) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_verbose_template, napi_gro_frags_entry, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_verbose_template, napi_gro_receive_entry, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_verbose_template, netif_receive_skb_entry, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_verbose_template, netif_receive_skb_list_entry, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_verbose_template, netif_rx_entry, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_verbose_template, netif_rx_ni_entry, TP_PROTO(const struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(skb) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(net_dev_rx_exit_template, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("ret=%d", __entry->ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_exit_template, napi_gro_frags_exit, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_exit_template, napi_gro_receive_exit, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_exit_template, netif_receive_skb_exit, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_exit_template, netif_rx_exit, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_exit_template, netif_rx_ni_exit, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(net_dev_rx_exit_template, netif_receive_skb_list_exit, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret) ); #endif /* _TRACE_NET_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
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INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the IP module. * * Version: @(#)ip.h 1.0.2 05/07/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> * Alan Cox, <gw4pts@gw4pts.ampr.org> * * Changes: * Mike McLagan : Routing by source */ #ifndef _IP_H #define _IP_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/jhash.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/route.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <net/netns/hash.h> #include <net/lwtunnel.h> #define IPV4_MAX_PMTU 65535U /* RFC 2675, Section 5.1 */ #define IPV4_MIN_MTU 68 /* RFC 791 */ extern unsigned int sysctl_fib_sync_mem; extern unsigned int sysctl_fib_sync_mem_min; extern unsigned int sysctl_fib_sync_mem_max; struct sock; struct inet_skb_parm { int iif; struct ip_options opt; /* Compiled IP options */ u16 flags; #define IPSKB_FORWARDED BIT(0) #define IPSKB_XFRM_TUNNEL_SIZE BIT(1) #define IPSKB_XFRM_TRANSFORMED BIT(2) #define IPSKB_FRAG_COMPLETE BIT(3) #define IPSKB_REROUTED BIT(4) #define IPSKB_DOREDIRECT BIT(5) #define IPSKB_FRAG_PMTU BIT(6) #define IPSKB_L3SLAVE BIT(7) u16 frag_max_size; }; static inline bool ipv4_l3mdev_skb(u16 flags) { return !!(flags & IPSKB_L3SLAVE); } static inline unsigned int ip_hdrlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return ip_hdr(skb)->ihl * 4; } struct ipcm_cookie { struct sockcm_cookie sockc; __be32 addr; int oif; struct ip_options_rcu *opt; __u8 ttl; __s16 tos; char priority; __u16 gso_size; }; static inline void ipcm_init(struct ipcm_cookie *ipcm) { *ipcm = (struct ipcm_cookie) { .tos = -1 }; } static inline void ipcm_init_sk(struct ipcm_cookie *ipcm, const struct inet_sock *inet) { ipcm_init(ipcm); ipcm->sockc.mark = inet->sk.sk_mark; ipcm->sockc.tsflags = inet->sk.sk_tsflags; ipcm->oif = inet->sk.sk_bound_dev_if; ipcm->addr = inet->inet_saddr; } #define IPCB(skb) ((struct inet_skb_parm*)((skb)->cb)) #define PKTINFO_SKB_CB(skb) ((struct in_pktinfo *)((skb)->cb)) /* return enslaved device index if relevant */ static inline int inet_sdif(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) if (skb && ipv4_l3mdev_skb(IPCB(skb)->flags)) return IPCB(skb)->iif; #endif return 0; } /* Special input handler for packets caught by router alert option. They are selected only by protocol field, and then processed likely local ones; but only if someone wants them! Otherwise, router not running rsvpd will kill RSVP. It is user level problem, what it will make with them. I have no idea, how it will masquearde or NAT them (it is joke, joke :-)), but receiver should be enough clever f.e. to forward mtrace requests, sent to multicast group to reach destination designated router. */ struct ip_ra_chain { struct ip_ra_chain __rcu *next; struct sock *sk; union { void (*destructor)(struct sock *); struct sock *saved_sk; }; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* IP flags. */ #define IP_CE 0x8000 /* Flag: "Congestion" */ #define IP_DF 0x4000 /* Flag: "Don't Fragment" */ #define IP_MF 0x2000 /* Flag: "More Fragments" */ #define IP_OFFSET 0x1FFF /* "Fragment Offset" part */ #define IP_FRAG_TIME (30 * HZ) /* fragment lifetime */ struct msghdr; struct net_device; struct packet_type; struct rtable; struct sockaddr; int igmp_mc_init(void); /* * Functions provided by ip.c */ int ip_build_and_send_pkt(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct sock *sk, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, struct ip_options_rcu *opt, u8 tos); int ip_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct packet_type *pt, struct net_device *orig_dev); void ip_list_rcv(struct list_head *head, struct packet_type *pt, struct net_device *orig_dev); int ip_local_deliver(struct sk_buff *skb); void ip_protocol_deliver_rcu(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, int proto); int ip_mr_input(struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_mc_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_do_fragment(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int (*output)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)); struct ip_fraglist_iter { struct sk_buff *frag; struct iphdr *iph; int offset; unsigned int hlen; }; void ip_fraglist_init(struct sk_buff *skb, struct iphdr *iph, unsigned int hlen, struct ip_fraglist_iter *iter); void ip_fraglist_prepare(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_fraglist_iter *iter); static inline struct sk_buff *ip_fraglist_next(struct ip_fraglist_iter *iter) { struct sk_buff *skb = iter->frag; iter->frag = skb->next; skb_mark_not_on_list(skb); return skb; } struct ip_frag_state { bool DF; unsigned int hlen; unsigned int ll_rs; unsigned int mtu; unsigned int left; int offset; int ptr; __be16 not_last_frag; }; void ip_frag_init(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hlen, unsigned int ll_rs, unsigned int mtu, bool DF, struct ip_frag_state *state); struct sk_buff *ip_frag_next(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_frag_state *state); void ip_send_check(struct iphdr *ip); int __ip_local_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_local_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int __ip_queue_xmit(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, __u8 tos); void ip_init(void); int ip_append_data(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4, int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb), void *from, int len, int protolen, struct ipcm_cookie *ipc, struct rtable **rt, unsigned int flags); int ip_generic_getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb); ssize_t ip_append_page(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); struct sk_buff *__ip_make_skb(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct sk_buff_head *queue, struct inet_cork *cork); int ip_send_skb(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4); void ip_flush_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); struct sk_buff *ip_make_skb(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4, int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb), void *from, int length, int transhdrlen, struct ipcm_cookie *ipc, struct rtable **rtp, struct inet_cork *cork, unsigned int flags); int ip_queue_xmit(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl); static inline struct sk_buff *ip_finish_skb(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4) { return __ip_make_skb(sk, fl4, &sk->sk_write_queue, &inet_sk(sk)->cork.base); } static inline __u8 get_rttos(struct ipcm_cookie* ipc, struct inet_sock *inet) { return (ipc->tos != -1) ? RT_TOS(ipc->tos) : RT_TOS(inet->tos); } static inline __u8 get_rtconn_flags(struct ipcm_cookie* ipc, struct sock* sk) { return (ipc->tos != -1) ? RT_CONN_FLAGS_TOS(sk, ipc->tos) : RT_CONN_FLAGS(sk); } /* datagram.c */ int __ip4_datagram_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); int ip4_datagram_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); void ip4_datagram_release_cb(struct sock *sk); struct ip_reply_arg { struct kvec iov[1]; int flags; __wsum csum; int csumoffset; /* u16 offset of csum in iov[0].iov_base */ /* -1 if not needed */ int bound_dev_if; u8 tos; kuid_t uid; }; #define IP_REPLY_ARG_NOSRCCHECK 1 static inline __u8 ip_reply_arg_flowi_flags(const struct ip_reply_arg *arg) { return (arg->flags & IP_REPLY_ARG_NOSRCCHECK) ? FLOWI_FLAG_ANYSRC : 0; } void ip_send_unicast_reply(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct ip_options *sopt, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, const struct ip_reply_arg *arg, unsigned int len, u64 transmit_time); #define IP_INC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_INC_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field) #define __IP_INC_STATS(net, field) __SNMP_INC_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field) #define IP_ADD_STATS(net, field, val) SNMP_ADD_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field, val) #define __IP_ADD_STATS(net, field, val) __SNMP_ADD_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field, val) #define IP_UPD_PO_STATS(net, field, val) SNMP_UPD_PO_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field, val) #define __IP_UPD_PO_STATS(net, field, val) __SNMP_UPD_PO_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field, val) #define NET_INC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.net_statistics, field) #define __NET_INC_STATS(net, field) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.net_statistics, field) #define NET_ADD_STATS(net, field, adnd) SNMP_ADD_STATS((net)->mib.net_statistics, field, adnd) #define __NET_ADD_STATS(net, field, adnd) __SNMP_ADD_STATS((net)->mib.net_statistics, field, adnd) u64 snmp_get_cpu_field(void __percpu *mib, int cpu, int offct); unsigned long snmp_fold_field(void __percpu *mib, int offt); #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 u64 snmp_get_cpu_field64(void __percpu *mib, int cpu, int offct, size_t syncp_offset); u64 snmp_fold_field64(void __percpu *mib, int offt, size_t sync_off); #else static inline u64 snmp_get_cpu_field64(void __percpu *mib, int cpu, int offct, size_t syncp_offset) { return snmp_get_cpu_field(mib, cpu, offct); } static inline u64 snmp_fold_field64(void __percpu *mib, int offt, size_t syncp_off) { return snmp_fold_field(mib, offt); } #endif #define snmp_get_cpu_field64_batch(buff64, stats_list, mib_statistic, offset) \ { \ int i, c; \ for_each_possible_cpu(c) { \ for (i = 0; stats_list[i].name; i++) \ buff64[i] += snmp_get_cpu_field64( \ mib_statistic, \ c, stats_list[i].entry, \ offset); \ } \ } #define snmp_get_cpu_field_batch(buff, stats_list, mib_statistic) \ { \ int i, c; \ for_each_possible_cpu(c) { \ for (i = 0; stats_list[i].name; i++) \ buff[i] += snmp_get_cpu_field( \ mib_statistic, \ c, stats_list[i].entry); \ } \ } void inet_get_local_port_range(struct net *net, int *low, int *high); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL static inline bool inet_is_local_reserved_port(struct net *net, unsigned short port) { if (!net->ipv4.sysctl_local_reserved_ports) return false; return test_bit(port, net->ipv4.sysctl_local_reserved_ports); } static inline bool sysctl_dev_name_is_allowed(const char *name) { return strcmp(name, "default") != 0 && strcmp(name, "all") != 0; } static inline bool inet_port_requires_bind_service(struct net *net, unsigned short port) { return port < net->ipv4.sysctl_ip_prot_sock; } #else static inline bool inet_is_local_reserved_port(struct net *net, unsigned short port) { return false; } static inline bool inet_port_requires_bind_service(struct net *net, unsigned short port) { return port < PROT_SOCK; } #endif __be32 inet_current_timestamp(void); /* From inetpeer.c */ extern int inet_peer_threshold; extern int inet_peer_minttl; extern int inet_peer_maxttl; void ipfrag_init(void); void ip_static_sysctl_init(void); #define IP4_REPLY_MARK(net, mark) \ ((net)->ipv4.sysctl_fwmark_reflect ? (mark) : 0) static inline bool ip_is_fragment(const struct iphdr *iph) { return (iph->frag_off & htons(IP_MF | IP_OFFSET)) != 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_INET #include <net/dst.h> /* The function in 2.2 was invalid, producing wrong result for * check=0xFEFF. It was noticed by Arthur Skawina _year_ ago. --ANK(000625) */ static inline int ip_decrease_ttl(struct iphdr *iph) { u32 check = (__force u32)iph->check; check += (__force u32)htons(0x0100); iph->check = (__force __sum16)(check + (check>=0xFFFF)); return --iph->ttl; } static inline int ip_mtu_locked(const struct dst_entry *dst) { const struct rtable *rt = (const struct rtable *)dst; return rt->rt_mtu_locked || dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_MTU); } static inline int ip_dont_fragment(const struct sock *sk, const struct dst_entry *dst) { u8 pmtudisc = READ_ONCE(inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc); return pmtudisc == IP_PMTUDISC_DO || (pmtudisc == IP_PMTUDISC_WANT && !ip_mtu_locked(dst)); } static inline bool ip_sk_accept_pmtu(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc != IP_PMTUDISC_INTERFACE && inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc != IP_PMTUDISC_OMIT; } static inline bool ip_sk_use_pmtu(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc < IP_PMTUDISC_PROBE; } static inline bool ip_sk_ignore_df(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc < IP_PMTUDISC_DO || inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc == IP_PMTUDISC_OMIT; } static inline unsigned int ip_dst_mtu_maybe_forward(const struct dst_entry *dst, bool forwarding) { struct net *net = dev_net(dst->dev); unsigned int mtu; if (net->ipv4.sysctl_ip_fwd_use_pmtu || ip_mtu_locked(dst) || !forwarding) return dst_mtu(dst); /* 'forwarding = true' case should always honour route mtu */ mtu = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_MTU); if (!mtu) mtu = min(READ_ONCE(dst->dev->mtu), IP_MAX_MTU); return mtu - lwtunnel_headroom(dst->lwtstate, mtu); } static inline unsigned int ip_skb_dst_mtu(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { unsigned int mtu; if (!sk || !sk_fullsock(sk) || ip_sk_use_pmtu(sk)) { bool forwarding = IPCB(skb)->flags & IPSKB_FORWARDED; return ip_dst_mtu_maybe_forward(skb_dst(skb), forwarding); } mtu = min(READ_ONCE(skb_dst(skb)->dev->mtu), IP_MAX_MTU); return mtu - lwtunnel_headroom(skb_dst(skb)->lwtstate, mtu); } struct dst_metrics *ip_fib_metrics_init(struct net *net, struct nlattr *fc_mx, int fc_mx_len, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); static inline void ip_fib_metrics_put(struct dst_metrics *fib_metrics) { if (fib_metrics != &dst_default_metrics && refcount_dec_and_test(&fib_metrics->refcnt)) kfree(fib_metrics); } /* ipv4 and ipv6 both use refcounted metrics if it is not the default */ static inline void ip_dst_init_metrics(struct dst_entry *dst, struct dst_metrics *fib_metrics) { dst_init_metrics(dst, fib_metrics->metrics, true); if (fib_metrics != &dst_default_metrics) { dst->_metrics |= DST_METRICS_REFCOUNTED; refcount_inc(&fib_metrics->refcnt); } } static inline void ip_dst_metrics_put(struct dst_entry *dst) { struct dst_metrics *p = (struct dst_metrics *)DST_METRICS_PTR(dst); if (p != &dst_default_metrics && refcount_dec_and_test(&p->refcnt)) kfree(p); } u32 ip_idents_reserve(u32 hash, int segs); void __ip_select_ident(struct net *net, struct iphdr *iph, int segs); static inline void ip_select_ident_segs(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk, int segs) { struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb); if ((iph->frag_off & htons(IP_DF)) && !skb->ignore_df) { /* This is only to work around buggy Windows95/2000 * VJ compression implementations. If the ID field * does not change, they drop every other packet in * a TCP stream using header compression. */ if (sk && inet_sk(sk)->inet_daddr) { iph->id = htons(inet_sk(sk)->inet_id); inet_sk(sk)->inet_id += segs; } else { iph->id = 0; } } else { __ip_select_ident(net, iph, segs); } } static inline void ip_select_ident(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { ip_select_ident_segs(net, skb, sk, 1); } static inline __wsum inet_compute_pseudo(struct sk_buff *skb, int proto) { return csum_tcpudp_nofold(ip_hdr(skb)->saddr, ip_hdr(skb)->daddr, skb->len, proto, 0); } /* copy IPv4 saddr & daddr to flow_keys, possibly using 64bit load/store * Equivalent to : flow->v4addrs.src = iph->saddr; * flow->v4addrs.dst = iph->daddr; */ static inline void iph_to_flow_copy_v4addrs(struct flow_keys *flow, const struct iphdr *iph) { BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(typeof(flow->addrs), v4addrs.dst) != offsetof(typeof(flow->addrs), v4addrs.src) + sizeof(flow->addrs.v4addrs.src)); memcpy(&flow->addrs.v4addrs, &iph->saddr, sizeof(flow->addrs.v4addrs)); flow->control.addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS; } static inline __wsum inet_gro_compute_pseudo(struct sk_buff *skb, int proto) { const struct iphdr *iph = skb_gro_network_header(skb); return csum_tcpudp_nofold(iph->saddr, iph->daddr, skb_gro_len(skb), proto, 0); } /* * Map a multicast IP onto multicast MAC for type ethernet. */ static inline void ip_eth_mc_map(__be32 naddr, char *buf) { __u32 addr=ntohl(naddr); buf[0]=0x01; buf[1]=0x00; buf[2]=0x5e; buf[5]=addr&0xFF; addr>>=8; buf[4]=addr&0xFF; addr>>=8; buf[3]=addr&0x7F; } /* * Map a multicast IP onto multicast MAC for type IP-over-InfiniBand. * Leave P_Key as 0 to be filled in by driver. */ static inline void ip_ib_mc_map(__be32 naddr, const unsigned char *broadcast, char *buf) { __u32 addr; unsigned char scope = broadcast[5] & 0xF; buf[0] = 0; /* Reserved */ buf[1] = 0xff; /* Multicast QPN */ buf[2] = 0xff; buf[3] = 0xff; addr = ntohl(naddr); buf[4] = 0xff; buf[5] = 0x10 | scope; /* scope from broadcast address */ buf[6] = 0x40; /* IPv4 signature */ buf[7] = 0x1b; buf[8] = broadcast[8]; /* P_Key */ buf[9] = broadcast[9]; buf[10] = 0; buf[11] = 0; buf[12] = 0; buf[13] = 0; buf[14] = 0; buf[15] = 0; buf[19] = addr & 0xff; addr >>= 8; buf[18] = addr & 0xff; addr >>= 8; buf[17] = addr & 0xff; addr >>= 8; buf[16] = addr & 0x0f; } static inline void ip_ipgre_mc_map(__be32 naddr, const unsigned char *broadcast, char *buf) { if ((broadcast[0] | broadcast[1] | broadcast[2] | broadcast[3]) != 0) memcpy(buf, broadcast, 4); else memcpy(buf, &naddr, sizeof(naddr)); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) #include <linux/ipv6.h> #endif static __inline__ void inet_reset_saddr(struct sock *sk) { inet_sk(sk)->inet_rcv_saddr = inet_sk(sk)->inet_saddr = 0; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) if (sk->sk_family == PF_INET6) { struct ipv6_pinfo *np = inet6_sk(sk); memset(&np->saddr, 0, sizeof(np->saddr)); memset(&sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr, 0, sizeof(sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr)); } #endif } #endif static inline unsigned int ipv4_addr_hash(__be32 ip) { return (__force unsigned int) ip; } static inline u32 ipv4_portaddr_hash(const struct net *net, __be32 saddr, unsigned int port) { return jhash_1word((__force u32)saddr, net_hash_mix(net)) ^ port; } bool ip_call_ra_chain(struct sk_buff *skb); /* * Functions provided by ip_fragment.c */ enum ip_defrag_users { IP_DEFRAG_LOCAL_DELIVER, IP_DEFRAG_CALL_RA_CHAIN, IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_IN, __IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_IN_END = IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_IN + USHRT_MAX, IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_OUT, __IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_OUT_END = IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_OUT + USHRT_MAX, IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_BRIDGE_IN, __IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_BRIDGE_IN = IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_BRIDGE_IN + USHRT_MAX, IP_DEFRAG_VS_IN, IP_DEFRAG_VS_OUT, IP_DEFRAG_VS_FWD, IP_DEFRAG_AF_PACKET, IP_DEFRAG_MACVLAN, }; /* Return true if the value of 'user' is between 'lower_bond' * and 'upper_bond' inclusively. */ static inline bool ip_defrag_user_in_between(u32 user, enum ip_defrag_users lower_bond, enum ip_defrag_users upper_bond) { return user >= lower_bond && user <= upper_bond; } int ip_defrag(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 user); #ifdef CONFIG_INET struct sk_buff *ip_check_defrag(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 user); #else static inline struct sk_buff *ip_check_defrag(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 user) { return skb; } #endif /* * Functions provided by ip_forward.c */ int ip_forward(struct sk_buff *skb); /* * Functions provided by ip_options.c */ void ip_options_build(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_options *opt, __be32 daddr, struct rtable *rt, int is_frag); int __ip_options_echo(struct net *net, struct ip_options *dopt, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct ip_options *sopt); static inline int ip_options_echo(struct net *net, struct ip_options *dopt, struct sk_buff *skb) { return __ip_options_echo(net, dopt, skb, &IPCB(skb)->opt); } void ip_options_fragment(struct sk_buff *skb); int __ip_options_compile(struct net *net, struct ip_options *opt, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 *info); int ip_options_compile(struct net *net, struct ip_options *opt, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_options_get(struct net *net, struct ip_options_rcu **optp, sockptr_t data, int optlen); void ip_options_undo(struct ip_options *opt); void ip_forward_options(struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_options_rcv_srr(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev); /* * Functions provided by ip_sockglue.c */ void ipv4_pktinfo_prepare(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void ip_cmsg_recv_offset(struct msghdr *msg, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int tlen, int offset); int ip_cmsg_send(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, struct ipcm_cookie *ipc, bool allow_ipv6); int ip_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen); int ip_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); int ip_ra_control(struct sock *sk, unsigned char on, void (*destructor)(struct sock *)); int ip_recv_error(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int *addr_len); void ip_icmp_error(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int err, __be16 port, u32 info, u8 *payload); void ip_local_error(struct sock *sk, int err, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, u32 info); static inline void ip_cmsg_recv(struct msghdr *msg, struct sk_buff *skb) { ip_cmsg_recv_offset(msg, skb->sk, skb, 0, 0); } bool icmp_global_allow(void); extern int sysctl_icmp_msgs_per_sec; extern int sysctl_icmp_msgs_burst; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int ip_misc_proc_init(void); #endif int rtm_getroute_parse_ip_proto(struct nlattr *attr, u8 *ip_proto, u8 family, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); static inline bool inetdev_valid_mtu(unsigned int mtu) { return likely(mtu >= IPV4_MIN_MTU); } void ip_sock_set_freebind(struct sock *sk); int ip_sock_set_mtu_discover(struct sock *sk, int val); void ip_sock_set_pktinfo(struct sock *sk); void ip_sock_set_recverr(struct sock *sk); void ip_sock_set_tos(struct sock *sk, int val); #endif /* _IP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/buffer_head.h * * Everything to do with buffer_heads. */ #ifndef _LINUX_BUFFER_HEAD_H #define _LINUX_BUFFER_HEAD_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK enum bh_state_bits { BH_Uptodate, /* Contains valid data */ BH_Dirty, /* Is dirty */ BH_Lock, /* Is locked */ BH_Req, /* Has been submitted for I/O */ BH_Mapped, /* Has a disk mapping */ BH_New, /* Disk mapping was newly created by get_block */ BH_Async_Read, /* Is under end_buffer_async_read I/O */ BH_Async_Write, /* Is under end_buffer_async_write I/O */ BH_Delay, /* Buffer is not yet allocated on disk */ BH_Boundary, /* Block is followed by a discontiguity */ BH_Write_EIO, /* I/O error on write */ BH_Unwritten, /* Buffer is allocated on disk but not written */ BH_Quiet, /* Buffer Error Prinks to be quiet */ BH_Meta, /* Buffer contains metadata */ BH_Prio, /* Buffer should be submitted with REQ_PRIO */ BH_Defer_Completion, /* Defer AIO completion to workqueue */ BH_PrivateStart,/* not a state bit, but the first bit available * for private allocation by other entities */ }; #define MAX_BUF_PER_PAGE (PAGE_SIZE / 512) struct page; struct buffer_head; struct address_space; typedef void (bh_end_io_t)(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); /* * Historically, a buffer_head was used to map a single block * within a page, and of course as the unit of I/O through the * filesystem and block layers. Nowadays the basic I/O unit * is the bio, and buffer_heads are used for extracting block * mappings (via a get_block_t call), for tracking state within * a page (via a page_mapping) and for wrapping bio submission * for backward compatibility reasons (e.g. submit_bh). */ struct buffer_head { unsigned long b_state; /* buffer state bitmap (see above) */ struct buffer_head *b_this_page;/* circular list of page's buffers */ struct page *b_page; /* the page this bh is mapped to */ sector_t b_blocknr; /* start block number */ size_t b_size; /* size of mapping */ char *b_data; /* pointer to data within the page */ struct block_device *b_bdev; bh_end_io_t *b_end_io; /* I/O completion */ void *b_private; /* reserved for b_end_io */ struct list_head b_assoc_buffers; /* associated with another mapping */ struct address_space *b_assoc_map; /* mapping this buffer is associated with */ atomic_t b_count; /* users using this buffer_head */ spinlock_t b_uptodate_lock; /* Used by the first bh in a page, to * serialise IO completion of other * buffers in the page */ }; /* * macro tricks to expand the set_buffer_foo(), clear_buffer_foo() * and buffer_foo() functions. * To avoid reset buffer flags that are already set, because that causes * a costly cache line transition, check the flag first. */ #define BUFFER_FNS(bit, name) \ static __always_inline void set_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ if (!test_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state)) \ set_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ static __always_inline void clear_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ clear_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ static __always_inline int buffer_##name(const struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ return test_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } /* * test_set_buffer_foo() and test_clear_buffer_foo() */ #define TAS_BUFFER_FNS(bit, name) \ static __always_inline int test_set_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ return test_and_set_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ static __always_inline int test_clear_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ return test_and_clear_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ /* * Emit the buffer bitops functions. Note that there are also functions * of the form "mark_buffer_foo()". These are higher-level functions which * do something in addition to setting a b_state bit. */ BUFFER_FNS(Uptodate, uptodate) BUFFER_FNS(Dirty, dirty) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(Dirty, dirty) BUFFER_FNS(Lock, locked) BUFFER_FNS(Req, req) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(Req, req) BUFFER_FNS(Mapped, mapped) BUFFER_FNS(New, new) BUFFER_FNS(Async_Read, async_read) BUFFER_FNS(Async_Write, async_write) BUFFER_FNS(Delay, delay) BUFFER_FNS(Boundary, boundary) BUFFER_FNS(Write_EIO, write_io_error) BUFFER_FNS(Unwritten, unwritten) BUFFER_FNS(Meta, meta) BUFFER_FNS(Prio, prio) BUFFER_FNS(Defer_Completion, defer_completion) #define bh_offset(bh) ((unsigned long)(bh)->b_data & ~PAGE_MASK) /* If we *know* page->private refers to buffer_heads */ #define page_buffers(page) \ ({ \ BUG_ON(!PagePrivate(page)); \ ((struct buffer_head *)page_private(page)); \ }) #define page_has_buffers(page) PagePrivate(page) void buffer_check_dirty_writeback(struct page *page, bool *dirty, bool *writeback); /* * Declarations */ void mark_buffer_dirty(struct buffer_head *bh); void mark_buffer_write_io_error(struct buffer_head *bh); void touch_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); void set_bh_page(struct buffer_head *bh, struct page *page, unsigned long offset); int try_to_free_buffers(struct page *); struct buffer_head *alloc_page_buffers(struct page *page, unsigned long size, bool retry); void create_empty_buffers(struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long b_state); void end_buffer_read_sync(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); void end_buffer_write_sync(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); void end_buffer_async_write(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); /* Things to do with buffers at mapping->private_list */ void mark_buffer_dirty_inode(struct buffer_head *bh, struct inode *inode); int inode_has_buffers(struct inode *); void invalidate_inode_buffers(struct inode *); int remove_inode_buffers(struct inode *inode); int sync_mapping_buffers(struct address_space *mapping); void clean_bdev_aliases(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, sector_t len); static inline void clean_bdev_bh_alias(struct buffer_head *bh) { clean_bdev_aliases(bh->b_bdev, bh->b_blocknr, 1); } void mark_buffer_async_write(struct buffer_head *bh); void __wait_on_buffer(struct buffer_head *); wait_queue_head_t *bh_waitq_head(struct buffer_head *bh); struct buffer_head *__find_get_block(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size); struct buffer_head *__getblk_gfp(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size, gfp_t gfp); void __brelse(struct buffer_head *); void __bforget(struct buffer_head *); void __breadahead(struct block_device *, sector_t block, unsigned int size); void __breadahead_gfp(struct block_device *, sector_t block, unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp); struct buffer_head *__bread_gfp(struct block_device *, sector_t block, unsigned size, gfp_t gfp); void invalidate_bh_lrus(void); struct buffer_head *alloc_buffer_head(gfp_t gfp_flags); void free_buffer_head(struct buffer_head * bh); void unlock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); void __lock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); void ll_rw_block(int, int, int, struct buffer_head * bh[]); int sync_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); int __sync_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags); void write_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags); int submit_bh(int, int, struct buffer_head *); void write_boundary_block(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t bblock, unsigned blocksize); int bh_uptodate_or_lock(struct buffer_head *bh); int bh_submit_read(struct buffer_head *bh); extern int buffer_heads_over_limit; /* * Generic address_space_operations implementations for buffer_head-backed * address_spaces. */ void block_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); int block_write_full_page(struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc); int __block_write_full_page(struct inode *inode, struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc, bh_end_io_t *handler); int block_read_full_page(struct page*, get_block_t*); int block_is_partially_uptodate(struct page *page, unsigned long from, unsigned long count); int block_write_begin(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, get_block_t *get_block); int __block_write_begin(struct page *page, loff_t pos, unsigned len, get_block_t *get_block); int block_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page *, void *); int generic_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page *, void *); void page_zero_new_buffers(struct page *page, unsigned from, unsigned to); void clean_page_buffers(struct page *page); int cont_write_begin(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page **, void **, get_block_t *, loff_t *); int generic_cont_expand_simple(struct inode *inode, loff_t size); int block_commit_write(struct page *page, unsigned from, unsigned to); int block_page_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf, get_block_t get_block); /* Convert errno to return value from ->page_mkwrite() call */ static inline vm_fault_t block_page_mkwrite_return(int err) { if (err == 0) return VM_FAULT_LOCKED; if (err == -EFAULT || err == -EAGAIN) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* -ENOSPC, -EDQUOT, -EIO ... */ return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } sector_t generic_block_bmap(struct address_space *, sector_t, get_block_t *); int block_truncate_page(struct address_space *, loff_t, get_block_t *); int nobh_write_begin(struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page **, void **, get_block_t*); int nobh_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page *, void *); int nobh_truncate_page(struct address_space *, loff_t, get_block_t *); int nobh_writepage(struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc); void buffer_init(void); /* * inline definitions */ static inline void get_bh(struct buffer_head *bh) { atomic_inc(&bh->b_count); } static inline void put_bh(struct buffer_head *bh) { smp_mb__before_atomic(); atomic_dec(&bh->b_count); } static inline void brelse(struct buffer_head *bh) { if (bh) __brelse(bh); } static inline void bforget(struct buffer_head *bh) { if (bh) __bforget(bh); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_bread(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __bread_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, __GFP_MOVABLE); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_bread_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __bread_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, 0); } static inline void sb_breadahead(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { __breadahead(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize); } static inline void sb_breadahead_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { __breadahead_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, 0); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_getblk(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __getblk_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, __GFP_MOVABLE); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_getblk_gfp(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, gfp_t gfp) { return __getblk_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, gfp); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_find_get_block(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __find_get_block(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize); } static inline void map_bh(struct buffer_head *bh, struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { set_buffer_mapped(bh); bh->b_bdev = sb->s_bdev; bh->b_blocknr = block; bh->b_size = sb->s_blocksize; } static inline void wait_on_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh) { might_sleep(); if (buffer_locked(bh)) __wait_on_buffer(bh); } static inline int trylock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh) { return likely(!test_and_set_bit_lock(BH_Lock, &bh->b_state)); } static inline void lock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh) { might_sleep(); if (!trylock_buffer(bh)) __lock_buffer(bh); } static inline struct buffer_head *getblk_unmovable(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size) { return __getblk_gfp(bdev, block, size, 0); } static inline struct buffer_head *__getblk(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size) { return __getblk_gfp(bdev, block, size, __GFP_MOVABLE); } /** * __bread() - reads a specified block and returns the bh * @bdev: the block_device to read from * @block: number of block * @size: size (in bytes) to read * * Reads a specified block, and returns buffer head that contains it. * The page cache is allocated from movable area so that it can be migrated. * It returns NULL if the block was unreadable. */ static inline struct buffer_head * __bread(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size) { return __bread_gfp(bdev, block, size, __GFP_MOVABLE); } extern int __set_page_dirty_buffers(struct page *page); #else /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ static inline void buffer_init(void) {} static inline int try_to_free_buffers(struct page *page) { return 1; } static inline int inode_has_buffers(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline void invalidate_inode_buffers(struct inode *inode) {} static inline int remove_inode_buffers(struct inode *inode) { return 1; } static inline int sync_mapping_buffers(struct address_space *mapping) { return 0; } #define buffer_heads_over_limit 0 #endif /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ #endif /* _LINUX_BUFFER_HEAD_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_COMPAT_H #define _ASM_X86_COMPAT_H /* * Architecture specific compatibility types */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/user32.h> #include <asm/unistd.h> #include <asm-generic/compat.h> #define COMPAT_USER_HZ 100 #define COMPAT_UTS_MACHINE "i686\0\0" typedef u16 __compat_uid_t; typedef u16 __compat_gid_t; typedef u32 __compat_uid32_t; typedef u32 __compat_gid32_t; typedef u16 compat_mode_t; typedef u16 compat_dev_t; typedef u16 compat_nlink_t; typedef u16 compat_ipc_pid_t; typedef u32 compat_caddr_t; typedef __kernel_fsid_t compat_fsid_t; struct compat_stat { compat_dev_t st_dev; u16 __pad1; compat_ino_t st_ino; compat_mode_t st_mode; compat_nlink_t st_nlink; __compat_uid_t st_uid; __compat_gid_t st_gid; compat_dev_t st_rdev; u16 __pad2; u32 st_size; u32 st_blksize; u32 st_blocks; u32 st_atime; u32 st_atime_nsec; u32 st_mtime; u32 st_mtime_nsec; u32 st_ctime; u32 st_ctime_nsec; u32 __unused4; u32 __unused5; }; struct compat_flock { short l_type; short l_whence; compat_off_t l_start; compat_off_t l_len; compat_pid_t l_pid; }; #define F_GETLK64 12 /* using 'struct flock64' */ #define F_SETLK64 13 #define F_SETLKW64 14 /* * IA32 uses 4 byte alignment for 64 bit quantities, * so we need to pack this structure. */ struct compat_flock64 { short l_type; short l_whence; compat_loff_t l_start; compat_loff_t l_len; compat_pid_t l_pid; } __attribute__((packed)); struct compat_statfs { int f_type; int f_bsize; int f_blocks; int f_bfree; int f_bavail; int f_files; int f_ffree; compat_fsid_t f_fsid; int f_namelen; /* SunOS ignores this field. */ int f_frsize; int f_flags; int f_spare[4]; }; #define COMPAT_RLIM_INFINITY 0xffffffff typedef u32 compat_old_sigset_t; /* at least 32 bits */ #define _COMPAT_NSIG 64 #define _COMPAT_NSIG_BPW 32 typedef u32 compat_sigset_word; #define COMPAT_OFF_T_MAX 0x7fffffff struct compat_ipc64_perm { compat_key_t key; __compat_uid32_t uid; __compat_gid32_t gid; __compat_uid32_t cuid; __compat_gid32_t cgid; unsigned short mode; unsigned short __pad1; unsigned short seq; unsigned short __pad2; compat_ulong_t unused1; compat_ulong_t unused2; }; struct compat_semid64_ds { struct compat_ipc64_perm sem_perm; compat_ulong_t sem_otime; compat_ulong_t sem_otime_high; compat_ulong_t sem_ctime; compat_ulong_t sem_ctime_high; compat_ulong_t sem_nsems; compat_ulong_t __unused3; compat_ulong_t __unused4; }; struct compat_msqid64_ds { struct compat_ipc64_perm msg_perm; compat_ulong_t msg_stime; compat_ulong_t msg_stime_high; compat_ulong_t msg_rtime; compat_ulong_t msg_rtime_high; compat_ulong_t msg_ctime; compat_ulong_t msg_ctime_high; compat_ulong_t msg_cbytes; compat_ulong_t msg_qnum; compat_ulong_t msg_qbytes; compat_pid_t msg_lspid; compat_pid_t msg_lrpid; compat_ulong_t __unused4; compat_ulong_t __unused5; }; struct compat_shmid64_ds { struct compat_ipc64_perm shm_perm; compat_size_t shm_segsz; compat_ulong_t shm_atime; compat_ulong_t shm_atime_high; compat_ulong_t shm_dtime; compat_ulong_t shm_dtime_high; compat_ulong_t shm_ctime; compat_ulong_t shm_ctime_high; compat_pid_t shm_cpid; compat_pid_t shm_lpid; compat_ulong_t shm_nattch; compat_ulong_t __unused4; compat_ulong_t __unused5; }; /* * The type of struct elf_prstatus.pr_reg in compatible core dumps. */ typedef struct user_regs_struct compat_elf_gregset_t; /* Full regset -- prstatus on x32, otherwise on ia32 */ #define PRSTATUS_SIZE(S, R) (R != sizeof(S.pr_reg) ? 144 : 296) #define SET_PR_FPVALID(S, V, R) \ do { *(int *) (((void *) &((S)->pr_reg)) + R) = (V); } \ while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI #define COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME \ (!!(task_pt_regs(current)->orig_ax & __X32_SYSCALL_BIT)) #endif static inline void __user *arch_compat_alloc_user_space(long len) { compat_uptr_t sp; if (test_thread_flag(TIF_IA32)) { sp = task_pt_regs(current)->sp; } else { /* -128 for the x32 ABI redzone */ sp = task_pt_regs(current)->sp - 128; } return (void __user *)round_down(sp - len, 16); } static inline bool in_x32_syscall(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI if (task_pt_regs(current)->orig_ax & __X32_SYSCALL_BIT) return true; #endif return false; } static inline bool in_32bit_syscall(void) { return in_ia32_syscall() || in_x32_syscall(); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static inline bool in_compat_syscall(void) { return in_32bit_syscall(); } #define in_compat_syscall in_compat_syscall /* override the generic impl */ #define compat_need_64bit_alignment_fixup in_ia32_syscall #endif struct compat_siginfo; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI int copy_siginfo_to_user32(struct compat_siginfo __user *to, const kernel_siginfo_t *from); #define copy_siginfo_to_user32 copy_siginfo_to_user32 #endif /* CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_COMPAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * fs/ext4/extents_status.h * * Written by Yongqiang Yang <xiaoqiangnk@gmail.com> * Modified by * Allison Henderson <achender@linux.vnet.ibm.com> * Zheng Liu <wenqing.lz@taobao.com> * */ #ifndef _EXT4_EXTENTS_STATUS_H #define _EXT4_EXTENTS_STATUS_H /* * Turn on ES_DEBUG__ to get lots of info about extent status operations. */ #ifdef ES_DEBUG__ #define es_debug(fmt, ...) printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define es_debug(fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * With ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST defined, the result of es caching will be * checked with old map_block's result. */ #define ES_AGGRESSIVE_TEST__ /* * These flags live in the high bits of extent_status.es_pblk */ enum { ES_WRITTEN_B, ES_UNWRITTEN_B, ES_DELAYED_B, ES_HOLE_B, ES_REFERENCED_B, ES_FLAGS }; #define ES_SHIFT (sizeof(ext4_fsblk_t)*8 - ES_FLAGS) #define ES_MASK (~((ext4_fsblk_t)0) << ES_SHIFT) #define EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN (1 << ES_WRITTEN_B) #define EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN (1 << ES_UNWRITTEN_B) #define EXTENT_STATUS_DELAYED (1 << ES_DELAYED_B) #define EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE (1 << ES_HOLE_B) #define EXTENT_STATUS_REFERENCED (1 << ES_REFERENCED_B) #define ES_TYPE_MASK ((ext4_fsblk_t)(EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN | \ EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN | \ EXTENT_STATUS_DELAYED | \ EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE) << ES_SHIFT) struct ext4_sb_info; struct ext4_extent; struct extent_status { struct rb_node rb_node; ext4_lblk_t es_lblk; /* first logical block extent covers */ ext4_lblk_t es_len; /* length of extent in block */ ext4_fsblk_t es_pblk; /* first physical block */ }; struct ext4_es_tree { struct rb_root root; struct extent_status *cache_es; /* recently accessed extent */ }; struct ext4_es_stats { unsigned long es_stats_shrunk; struct percpu_counter es_stats_cache_hits; struct percpu_counter es_stats_cache_misses; u64 es_stats_scan_time; u64 es_stats_max_scan_time; struct percpu_counter es_stats_all_cnt; struct percpu_counter es_stats_shk_cnt; }; /* * Pending cluster reservations for bigalloc file systems * * A cluster with a pending reservation is a logical cluster shared by at * least one extent in the extents status tree with delayed and unwritten * status and at least one other written or unwritten extent. The * reservation is said to be pending because a cluster reservation would * have to be taken in the event all blocks in the cluster shared with * written or unwritten extents were deleted while the delayed and * unwritten blocks remained. * * The set of pending cluster reservations is an auxiliary data structure * used with the extents status tree to implement reserved cluster/block * accounting for bigalloc file systems. The set is kept in memory and * records all pending cluster reservations. * * Its primary function is to avoid the need to read extents from the * disk when invalidating pages as a result of a truncate, punch hole, or * collapse range operation. Page invalidation requires a decrease in the * reserved cluster count if it results in the removal of all delayed * and unwritten extents (blocks) from a cluster that is not shared with a * written or unwritten extent, and no decrease otherwise. Determining * whether the cluster is shared can be done by searching for a pending * reservation on it. * * Secondarily, it provides a potentially faster method for determining * whether the reserved cluster count should be increased when a physical * cluster is deallocated as a result of a truncate, punch hole, or * collapse range operation. The necessary information is also present * in the extents status tree, but might be more rapidly accessed in * the pending reservation set in many cases due to smaller size. * * The pending cluster reservation set is implemented as a red-black tree * with the goal of minimizing per page search time overhead. */ struct pending_reservation { struct rb_node rb_node; ext4_lblk_t lclu; }; struct ext4_pending_tree { struct rb_root root; }; extern int __init ext4_init_es(void); extern void ext4_exit_es(void); extern void ext4_es_init_tree(struct ext4_es_tree *tree); extern int ext4_es_insert_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t len, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, unsigned int status); extern void ext4_es_cache_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t len, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, unsigned int status); extern int ext4_es_remove_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t len); extern void ext4_es_find_extent_range(struct inode *inode, int (*match_fn)(struct extent_status *es), ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t end, struct extent_status *es); extern int ext4_es_lookup_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t *next_lblk, struct extent_status *es); extern bool ext4_es_scan_range(struct inode *inode, int (*matching_fn)(struct extent_status *es), ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t end); extern bool ext4_es_scan_clu(struct inode *inode, int (*matching_fn)(struct extent_status *es), ext4_lblk_t lblk); static inline unsigned int ext4_es_status(struct extent_status *es) { return es->es_pblk >> ES_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned int ext4_es_type(struct extent_status *es) { return (es->es_pblk & ES_TYPE_MASK) >> ES_SHIFT; } static inline int ext4_es_is_written(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_type(es) & EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN) != 0; } static inline int ext4_es_is_unwritten(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_type(es) & EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN) != 0; } static inline int ext4_es_is_delayed(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_type(es) & EXTENT_STATUS_DELAYED) != 0; } static inline int ext4_es_is_hole(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_type(es) & EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE) != 0; } static inline int ext4_es_is_mapped(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_is_written(es) || ext4_es_is_unwritten(es)); } static inline int ext4_es_is_delonly(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_is_delayed(es) && !ext4_es_is_unwritten(es)); } static inline void ext4_es_set_referenced(struct extent_status *es) { es->es_pblk |= ((ext4_fsblk_t)EXTENT_STATUS_REFERENCED) << ES_SHIFT; } static inline void ext4_es_clear_referenced(struct extent_status *es) { es->es_pblk &= ~(((ext4_fsblk_t)EXTENT_STATUS_REFERENCED) << ES_SHIFT); } static inline int ext4_es_is_referenced(struct extent_status *es) { return (ext4_es_status(es) & EXTENT_STATUS_REFERENCED) != 0; } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_es_pblock(struct extent_status *es) { return es->es_pblk & ~ES_MASK; } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_es_show_pblock(struct extent_status *es) { ext4_fsblk_t pblock = ext4_es_pblock(es); return pblock == ~ES_MASK ? 0 : pblock; } static inline void ext4_es_store_pblock(struct extent_status *es, ext4_fsblk_t pb) { ext4_fsblk_t block; block = (pb & ~ES_MASK) | (es->es_pblk & ES_MASK); es->es_pblk = block; } static inline void ext4_es_store_status(struct extent_status *es, unsigned int status) { es->es_pblk = (((ext4_fsblk_t)status << ES_SHIFT) & ES_MASK) | (es->es_pblk & ~ES_MASK); } static inline void ext4_es_store_pblock_status(struct extent_status *es, ext4_fsblk_t pb, unsigned int status) { es->es_pblk = (((ext4_fsblk_t)status << ES_SHIFT) & ES_MASK) | (pb & ~ES_MASK); } extern int ext4_es_register_shrinker(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi); extern void ext4_es_unregister_shrinker(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi); extern int ext4_seq_es_shrinker_info_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); extern int __init ext4_init_pending(void); extern void ext4_exit_pending(void); extern void ext4_init_pending_tree(struct ext4_pending_tree *tree); extern void ext4_remove_pending(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk); extern bool ext4_is_pending(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk); extern int ext4_es_insert_delayed_block(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, bool allocated); extern unsigned int ext4_es_delayed_clu(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_lblk_t len); extern void ext4_clear_inode_es(struct inode *inode); #endif /* _EXT4_EXTENTS_STATUS_H */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __ASM_PREEMPT_H #define __ASM_PREEMPT_H #include <asm/rmwcc.h> #include <asm/percpu.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, __preempt_count); /* We use the MSB mostly because its available */ #define PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED 0x80000000 /* * We use the PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED bit as an inverted NEED_RESCHED such * that a decrement hitting 0 means we can and should reschedule. */ #define PREEMPT_ENABLED (0 + PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED) /* * We mask the PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED bit so as not to confuse all current users * that think a non-zero value indicates we cannot preempt. */ static __always_inline int preempt_count(void) { return raw_cpu_read_4(__preempt_count) & ~PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED; } static __always_inline void preempt_count_set(int pc) { int old, new; do { old = raw_cpu_read_4(__preempt_count); new = (old & PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED) | (pc & ~PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED); } while (raw_cpu_cmpxchg_4(__preempt_count, old, new) != old); } /* * must be macros to avoid header recursion hell */ #define init_task_preempt_count(p) do { } while (0) #define init_idle_preempt_count(p, cpu) do { \ per_cpu(__preempt_count, (cpu)) = PREEMPT_DISABLED; \ } while (0) /* * We fold the NEED_RESCHED bit into the preempt count such that * preempt_enable() can decrement and test for needing to reschedule with a * single instruction. * * We invert the actual bit, so that when the decrement hits 0 we know we both * need to resched (the bit is cleared) and can resched (no preempt count). */ static __always_inline void set_preempt_need_resched(void) { raw_cpu_and_4(__preempt_count, ~PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED); } static __always_inline void clear_preempt_need_resched(void) { raw_cpu_or_4(__preempt_count, PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED); } static __always_inline bool test_preempt_need_resched(void) { return !(raw_cpu_read_4(__preempt_count) & PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED); } /* * The various preempt_count add/sub methods */ static __always_inline void __preempt_count_add(int val) { raw_cpu_add_4(__preempt_count, val); } static __always_inline void __preempt_count_sub(int val) { raw_cpu_add_4(__preempt_count, -val); } /* * Because we keep PREEMPT_NEED_RESCHED set when we do _not_ need to reschedule * a decrement which hits zero means we have no preempt_count and should * reschedule. */ static __always_inline bool __preempt_count_dec_and_test(void) { return GEN_UNARY_RMWcc("decl", __preempt_count, e, __percpu_arg([var])); } /* * Returns true when we need to resched and can (barring IRQ state). */ static __always_inline bool should_resched(int preempt_offset) { return unlikely(raw_cpu_read_4(__preempt_count) == preempt_offset); } #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_thunk(void); # define __preempt_schedule() \ asm volatile ("call preempt_schedule_thunk" : ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT) extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule(void); extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_notrace_thunk(void); # define __preempt_schedule_notrace() \ asm volatile ("call preempt_schedule_notrace_thunk" : ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT) extern asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_notrace(void); #endif #endif /* __ASM_PREEMPT_H */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright (c) 2020 Christoph Hellwig. * * Support for "universal" pointers that can point to either kernel or userspace * memory. */ #ifndef _LINUX_SOCKPTR_H #define _LINUX_SOCKPTR_H #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> typedef struct { union { void *kernel; void __user *user; }; bool is_kernel : 1; } sockptr_t; static inline bool sockptr_is_kernel(sockptr_t sockptr) { return sockptr.is_kernel; } static inline sockptr_t KERNEL_SOCKPTR(void *p) { return (sockptr_t) { .kernel = p, .is_kernel = true }; } static inline sockptr_t USER_SOCKPTR(void __user *p) { return (sockptr_t) { .user = p }; } static inline bool sockptr_is_null(sockptr_t sockptr) { if (sockptr_is_kernel(sockptr)) return !sockptr.kernel; return !sockptr.user; } static inline int copy_from_sockptr_offset(void *dst, sockptr_t src, size_t offset, size_t size) { if (!sockptr_is_kernel(src)) return copy_from_user(dst, src.user + offset, size); memcpy(dst, src.kernel + offset, size); return 0; } static inline int copy_from_sockptr(void *dst, sockptr_t src, size_t size) { return copy_from_sockptr_offset(dst, src, 0, size); } static inline int copy_to_sockptr_offset(sockptr_t dst, size_t offset, const void *src, size_t size) { if (!sockptr_is_kernel(dst)) return copy_to_user(dst.user + offset, src, size); memcpy(dst.kernel + offset, src, size); return 0; } static inline void *memdup_sockptr(sockptr_t src, size_t len) { void *p = kmalloc_track_caller(len, GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!p) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (copy_from_sockptr(p, src, len)) { kfree(p); return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); } return p; } static inline void *memdup_sockptr_nul(sockptr_t src, size_t len) { char *p = kmalloc_track_caller(len + 1, GFP_KERNEL); if (!p) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (copy_from_sockptr(p, src, len)) { kfree(p); return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); } p[len] = '\0'; return p; } static inline long strncpy_from_sockptr(char *dst, sockptr_t src, size_t count) { if (sockptr_is_kernel(src)) { size_t len = min(strnlen(src.kernel, count - 1) + 1, count); memcpy(dst, src.kernel, len); return len; } return strncpy_from_user(dst, src.user, count); } #endif /* _LINUX_SOCKPTR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM compaction #if !defined(_TRACE_COMPACTION_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_COMPACTION_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_compaction_isolate_template, TP_PROTO( unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_taken), TP_ARGS(start_pfn, end_pfn, nr_scanned, nr_taken), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, start_pfn) __field(unsigned long, end_pfn) __field(unsigned long, nr_scanned) __field(unsigned long, nr_taken) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->start_pfn = start_pfn; __entry->end_pfn = end_pfn; __entry->nr_scanned = nr_scanned; __entry->nr_taken = nr_taken; ), TP_printk("range=(0x%lx ~ 0x%lx) nr_scanned=%lu nr_taken=%lu", __entry->start_pfn, __entry->end_pfn, __entry->nr_scanned, __entry->nr_taken) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_isolate_template, mm_compaction_isolate_migratepages, TP_PROTO( unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_taken), TP_ARGS(start_pfn, end_pfn, nr_scanned, nr_taken) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_isolate_template, mm_compaction_isolate_freepages, TP_PROTO( unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_taken), TP_ARGS(start_pfn, end_pfn, nr_scanned, nr_taken) ); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_migratepages, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_all, int migrate_rc, struct list_head *migratepages), TP_ARGS(nr_all, migrate_rc, migratepages), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, nr_migrated) __field(unsigned long, nr_failed) ), TP_fast_assign( unsigned long nr_failed = 0; struct list_head *page_lru; /* * migrate_pages() returns either a non-negative number * with the number of pages that failed migration, or an * error code, in which case we need to count the remaining * pages manually */ if (migrate_rc >= 0) nr_failed = migrate_rc; else list_for_each(page_lru, migratepages) nr_failed++; __entry->nr_migrated = nr_all - nr_failed; __entry->nr_failed = nr_failed; ), TP_printk("nr_migrated=%lu nr_failed=%lu", __entry->nr_migrated, __entry->nr_failed) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_begin, TP_PROTO(unsigned long zone_start, unsigned long migrate_pfn, unsigned long free_pfn, unsigned long zone_end, bool sync), TP_ARGS(zone_start, migrate_pfn, free_pfn, zone_end, sync), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, zone_start) __field(unsigned long, migrate_pfn) __field(unsigned long, free_pfn) __field(unsigned long, zone_end) __field(bool, sync) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->zone_start = zone_start; __entry->migrate_pfn = migrate_pfn; __entry->free_pfn = free_pfn; __entry->zone_end = zone_end; __entry->sync = sync; ), TP_printk("zone_start=0x%lx migrate_pfn=0x%lx free_pfn=0x%lx zone_end=0x%lx, mode=%s", __entry->zone_start, __entry->migrate_pfn, __entry->free_pfn, __entry->zone_end, __entry->sync ? "sync" : "async") ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long zone_start, unsigned long migrate_pfn, unsigned long free_pfn, unsigned long zone_end, bool sync, int status), TP_ARGS(zone_start, migrate_pfn, free_pfn, zone_end, sync, status), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, zone_start) __field(unsigned long, migrate_pfn) __field(unsigned long, free_pfn) __field(unsigned long, zone_end) __field(bool, sync) __field(int, status) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->zone_start = zone_start; __entry->migrate_pfn = migrate_pfn; __entry->free_pfn = free_pfn; __entry->zone_end = zone_end; __entry->sync = sync; __entry->status = status; ), TP_printk("zone_start=0x%lx migrate_pfn=0x%lx free_pfn=0x%lx zone_end=0x%lx, mode=%s status=%s", __entry->zone_start, __entry->migrate_pfn, __entry->free_pfn, __entry->zone_end, __entry->sync ? "sync" : "async", __print_symbolic(__entry->status, COMPACTION_STATUS)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_try_to_compact_pages, TP_PROTO( int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, int prio), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_mask, prio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, order) __field(gfp_t, gfp_mask) __field(int, prio) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_mask = gfp_mask; __entry->prio = prio; ), TP_printk("order=%d gfp_mask=%s priority=%d", __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_mask), __entry->prio) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_compaction_suitable_template, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order, int ret), TP_ARGS(zone, order, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(enum zone_type, idx) __field(int, order) __field(int, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = zone_to_nid(zone); __entry->idx = zone_idx(zone); __entry->order = order; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("node=%d zone=%-8s order=%d ret=%s", __entry->nid, __print_symbolic(__entry->idx, ZONE_TYPE), __entry->order, __print_symbolic(__entry->ret, COMPACTION_STATUS)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_suitable_template, mm_compaction_finished, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order, int ret), TP_ARGS(zone, order, ret) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_suitable_template, mm_compaction_suitable, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order, int ret), TP_ARGS(zone, order, ret) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_compaction_defer_template, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order), TP_ARGS(zone, order), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(enum zone_type, idx) __field(int, order) __field(unsigned int, considered) __field(unsigned int, defer_shift) __field(int, order_failed) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = zone_to_nid(zone); __entry->idx = zone_idx(zone); __entry->order = order; __entry->considered = zone->compact_considered; __entry->defer_shift = zone->compact_defer_shift; __entry->order_failed = zone->compact_order_failed; ), TP_printk("node=%d zone=%-8s order=%d order_failed=%d consider=%u limit=%lu", __entry->nid, __print_symbolic(__entry->idx, ZONE_TYPE), __entry->order, __entry->order_failed, __entry->considered, 1UL << __entry->defer_shift) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_defer_template, mm_compaction_deferred, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order), TP_ARGS(zone, order) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_defer_template, mm_compaction_defer_compaction, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order), TP_ARGS(zone, order) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_compaction_defer_template, mm_compaction_defer_reset, TP_PROTO(struct zone *zone, int order), TP_ARGS(zone, order) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_compaction_kcompactd_sleep, TP_PROTO(int nid), TP_ARGS(nid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; ), TP_printk("nid=%d", __entry->nid) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kcompactd_wake_template, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx), TP_ARGS(nid, order, highest_zoneidx), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(int, order) __field(enum zone_type, highest_zoneidx) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->order = order; __entry->highest_zoneidx = highest_zoneidx; ), /* * classzone_idx is previous name of the highest_zoneidx. * Reason not to change it is the ABI requirement of the tracepoint. */ TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d classzone_idx=%-8s", __entry->nid, __entry->order, __print_symbolic(__entry->highest_zoneidx, ZONE_TYPE)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kcompactd_wake_template, mm_compaction_wakeup_kcompactd, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx), TP_ARGS(nid, order, highest_zoneidx) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kcompactd_wake_template, mm_compaction_kcompactd_wake, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx), TP_ARGS(nid, order, highest_zoneidx) ); #endif #endif /* _TRACE_COMPACTION_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ #ifndef __SOUND_CORE_H #define __SOUND_CORE_H /* * Main header file for the ALSA driver * Copyright (c) 1994-2001 by Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz> */ #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/sched.h> /* wake_up() */ #include <linux/mutex.h> /* struct mutex */ #include <linux/rwsem.h> /* struct rw_semaphore */ #include <linux/pm.h> /* pm_message_t */ #include <linux/stringify.h> #include <linux/printk.h> /* number of supported soundcards */ #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DYNAMIC_MINORS #define SNDRV_CARDS CONFIG_SND_MAX_CARDS #else #define SNDRV_CARDS 8 /* don't change - minor numbers */ #endif #define CONFIG_SND_MAJOR 116 /* standard configuration */ /* forward declarations */ struct pci_dev; struct module; struct completion; /* device allocation stuff */ /* type of the object used in snd_device_*() * this also defines the calling order */ enum snd_device_type { SNDRV_DEV_LOWLEVEL, SNDRV_DEV_INFO, SNDRV_DEV_BUS, SNDRV_DEV_CODEC, SNDRV_DEV_PCM, SNDRV_DEV_COMPRESS, SNDRV_DEV_RAWMIDI, SNDRV_DEV_TIMER, SNDRV_DEV_SEQUENCER, SNDRV_DEV_HWDEP, SNDRV_DEV_JACK, SNDRV_DEV_CONTROL, /* NOTE: this must be the last one */ }; enum snd_device_state { SNDRV_DEV_BUILD, SNDRV_DEV_REGISTERED, SNDRV_DEV_DISCONNECTED, }; struct snd_device; struct snd_device_ops { int (*dev_free)(struct snd_device *dev); int (*dev_register)(struct snd_device *dev); int (*dev_disconnect)(struct snd_device *dev); }; struct snd_device { struct list_head list; /* list of registered devices */ struct snd_card *card; /* card which holds this device */ enum snd_device_state state; /* state of the device */ enum snd_device_type type; /* device type */ void *device_data; /* device structure */ const struct snd_device_ops *ops; /* operations */ }; #define snd_device(n) list_entry(n, struct snd_device, list) /* main structure for soundcard */ struct snd_card { int number; /* number of soundcard (index to snd_cards) */ char id[16]; /* id string of this card */ char driver[16]; /* driver name */ char shortname[32]; /* short name of this soundcard */ char longname[80]; /* name of this soundcard */ char irq_descr[32]; /* Interrupt description */ char mixername[80]; /* mixer name */ char components[128]; /* card components delimited with space */ struct module *module; /* top-level module */ void *private_data; /* private data for soundcard */ void (*private_free) (struct snd_card *card); /* callback for freeing of private data */ struct list_head devices; /* devices */ struct device ctl_dev; /* control device */ unsigned int last_numid; /* last used numeric ID */ struct rw_semaphore controls_rwsem; /* controls list lock */ rwlock_t ctl_files_rwlock; /* ctl_files list lock */ int controls_count; /* count of all controls */ int user_ctl_count; /* count of all user controls */ struct list_head controls; /* all controls for this card */ struct list_head ctl_files; /* active control files */ struct snd_info_entry *proc_root; /* root for soundcard specific files */ struct proc_dir_entry *proc_root_link; /* number link to real id */ struct list_head files_list; /* all files associated to this card */ struct snd_shutdown_f_ops *s_f_ops; /* file operations in the shutdown state */ spinlock_t files_lock; /* lock the files for this card */ int shutdown; /* this card is going down */ struct completion *release_completion; struct device *dev; /* device assigned to this card */ struct device card_dev; /* cardX object for sysfs */ const struct attribute_group *dev_groups[4]; /* assigned sysfs attr */ bool registered; /* card_dev is registered? */ int sync_irq; /* assigned irq, used for PCM sync */ wait_queue_head_t remove_sleep; size_t total_pcm_alloc_bytes; /* total amount of allocated buffers */ struct mutex memory_mutex; /* protection for the above */ #ifdef CONFIG_PM unsigned int power_state; /* power state */ wait_queue_head_t power_sleep; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SND_MIXER_OSS) struct snd_mixer_oss *mixer_oss; int mixer_oss_change_count; #endif }; #define dev_to_snd_card(p) container_of(p, struct snd_card, card_dev) #ifdef CONFIG_PM static inline unsigned int snd_power_get_state(struct snd_card *card) { return card->power_state; } static inline void snd_power_change_state(struct snd_card *card, unsigned int state) { card->power_state = state; wake_up(&card->power_sleep); } /* init.c */ int snd_power_wait(struct snd_card *card, unsigned int power_state); #else /* ! CONFIG_PM */ static inline int snd_power_wait(struct snd_card *card, unsigned int state) { return 0; } #define snd_power_get_state(card) ({ (void)(card); SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0; }) #define snd_power_change_state(card, state) do { (void)(card); } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_PM */ struct snd_minor { int type; /* SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_XXX */ int card; /* card number */ int device; /* device number */ const struct file_operations *f_ops; /* file operations */ void *private_data; /* private data for f_ops->open */ struct device *dev; /* device for sysfs */ struct snd_card *card_ptr; /* assigned card instance */ }; /* return a device pointer linked to each sound device as a parent */ static inline struct device *snd_card_get_device_link(struct snd_card *card) { return card ? &card->card_dev : NULL; } /* sound.c */ extern int snd_major; extern int snd_ecards_limit; extern struct class *sound_class; void snd_request_card(int card); void snd_device_initialize(struct device *dev, struct snd_card *card); int snd_register_device(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev, const struct file_operations *f_ops, void *private_data, struct device *device); int snd_unregister_device(struct device *dev); void *snd_lookup_minor_data(unsigned int minor, int type); #ifdef CONFIG_SND_OSSEMUL int snd_register_oss_device(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev, const struct file_operations *f_ops, void *private_data); int snd_unregister_oss_device(int type, struct snd_card *card, int dev); void *snd_lookup_oss_minor_data(unsigned int minor, int type); #endif int snd_minor_info_init(void); /* sound_oss.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_SND_OSSEMUL int snd_minor_info_oss_init(void); #else static inline int snd_minor_info_oss_init(void) { return 0; } #endif /* memory.c */ int copy_to_user_fromio(void __user *dst, const volatile void __iomem *src, size_t count); int copy_from_user_toio(volatile void __iomem *dst, const void __user *src, size_t count); /* init.c */ int snd_card_locked(int card); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SND_MIXER_OSS) #define SND_MIXER_OSS_NOTIFY_REGISTER 0 #define SND_MIXER_OSS_NOTIFY_DISCONNECT 1 #define SND_MIXER_OSS_NOTIFY_FREE 2 extern int (*snd_mixer_oss_notify_callback)(struct snd_card *card, int cmd); #endif int snd_card_new(struct device *parent, int idx, const char *xid, struct module *module, int extra_size, struct snd_card **card_ret); int snd_card_disconnect(struct snd_card *card); void snd_card_disconnect_sync(struct snd_card *card); int snd_card_free(struct snd_card *card); int snd_card_free_when_closed(struct snd_card *card); void snd_card_set_id(struct snd_card *card, const char *id); int snd_card_register(struct snd_card *card); int snd_card_info_init(void); int snd_card_add_dev_attr(struct snd_card *card, const struct attribute_group *group); int snd_component_add(struct snd_card *card, const char *component); int snd_card_file_add(struct snd_card *card, struct file *file); int snd_card_file_remove(struct snd_card *card, struct file *file); struct snd_card *snd_card_ref(int card); /** * snd_card_unref - Unreference the card object * @card: the card object to unreference * * Call this function for the card object that was obtained via snd_card_ref() * or snd_lookup_minor_data(). */ static inline void snd_card_unref(struct snd_card *card) { put_device(&card->card_dev); } #define snd_card_set_dev(card, devptr) ((card)->dev = (devptr)) /* device.c */ int snd_device_new(struct snd_card *card, enum snd_device_type type, void *device_data, const struct snd_device_ops *ops); int snd_device_register(struct snd_card *card, void *device_data); int snd_device_register_all(struct snd_card *card); void snd_device_disconnect(struct snd_card *card, void *device_data); void snd_device_disconnect_all(struct snd_card *card); void snd_device_free(struct snd_card *card, void *device_data); void snd_device_free_all(struct snd_card *card); int snd_device_get_state(struct snd_card *card, void *device_data); /* isadma.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_ISA_DMA_API #define DMA_MODE_NO_ENABLE 0x0100 void snd_dma_program(unsigned long dma, unsigned long addr, unsigned int size, unsigned short mode); void snd_dma_disable(unsigned long dma); unsigned int snd_dma_pointer(unsigned long dma, unsigned int size); #endif /* misc.c */ struct resource; void release_and_free_resource(struct resource *res); /* --- */ /* sound printk debug levels */ enum { SND_PR_ALWAYS, SND_PR_DEBUG, SND_PR_VERBOSE, }; #if defined(CONFIG_SND_DEBUG) || defined(CONFIG_SND_VERBOSE_PRINTK) __printf(4, 5) void __snd_printk(unsigned int level, const char *file, int line, const char *format, ...); #else #define __snd_printk(level, file, line, format, ...) \ printk(format, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /** * snd_printk - printk wrapper * @fmt: format string * * Works like printk() but prints the file and the line of the caller * when configured with CONFIG_SND_VERBOSE_PRINTK. */ #define snd_printk(fmt, ...) \ __snd_printk(0, __FILE__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG /** * snd_printd - debug printk * @fmt: format string * * Works like snd_printk() for debugging purposes. * Ignored when CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is not set. */ #define snd_printd(fmt, ...) \ __snd_printk(1, __FILE__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define _snd_printd(level, fmt, ...) \ __snd_printk(level, __FILE__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * snd_BUG - give a BUG warning message and stack trace * * Calls WARN() if CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is set. * Ignored when CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is not set. */ #define snd_BUG() WARN(1, "BUG?\n") /** * snd_printd_ratelimit - Suppress high rates of output when * CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is enabled. */ #define snd_printd_ratelimit() printk_ratelimit() /** * snd_BUG_ON - debugging check macro * @cond: condition to evaluate * * Has the same behavior as WARN_ON when CONFIG_SND_DEBUG is set, * otherwise just evaluates the conditional and returns the value. */ #define snd_BUG_ON(cond) WARN_ON((cond)) #else /* !CONFIG_SND_DEBUG */ __printf(1, 2) static inline void snd_printd(const char *format, ...) {} __printf(2, 3) static inline void _snd_printd(int level, const char *format, ...) {} #define snd_BUG() do { } while (0) #define snd_BUG_ON(condition) ({ \ int __ret_warn_on = !!(condition); \ unlikely(__ret_warn_on); \ }) static inline bool snd_printd_ratelimit(void) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_SND_DEBUG */ #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE /** * snd_printdd - debug printk * @format: format string * * Works like snd_printk() for debugging purposes. * Ignored when CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE is not set. */ #define snd_printdd(format, ...) \ __snd_printk(2, __FILE__, __LINE__, format, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else __printf(1, 2) static inline void snd_printdd(const char *format, ...) {} #endif #define SNDRV_OSS_VERSION ((3<<16)|(8<<8)|(1<<4)|(0)) /* 3.8.1a */ /* for easier backward-porting */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_GAMEPORT) #define gameport_set_dev_parent(gp,xdev) ((gp)->dev.parent = (xdev)) #define gameport_set_port_data(gp,r) ((gp)->port_data = (r)) #define gameport_get_port_data(gp) (gp)->port_data #endif /* PCI quirk list helper */ struct snd_pci_quirk { unsigned short subvendor; /* PCI subvendor ID */ unsigned short subdevice; /* PCI subdevice ID */ unsigned short subdevice_mask; /* bitmask to match */ int value; /* value */ #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE const char *name; /* name of the device (optional) */ #endif }; #define _SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, mask, dev) \ .subvendor = (vend), .subdevice = (dev), .subdevice_mask = (mask) #define _SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend, dev) \ _SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, 0xffff, dev) #define SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend,dev) {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend, dev)} #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE #define SND_PCI_QUIRK(vend,dev,xname,val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend, dev), .value = (val), .name = (xname)} #define SND_PCI_QUIRK_VENDOR(vend, xname, val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, 0, 0), .value = (val), .name = (xname)} #define SND_PCI_QUIRK_MASK(vend, mask, dev, xname, val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, mask, dev), \ .value = (val), .name = (xname)} #define snd_pci_quirk_name(q) ((q)->name) #else #define SND_PCI_QUIRK(vend,dev,xname,val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID(vend, dev), .value = (val)} #define SND_PCI_QUIRK_MASK(vend, mask, dev, xname, val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, mask, dev), .value = (val)} #define SND_PCI_QUIRK_VENDOR(vend, xname, val) \ {_SND_PCI_QUIRK_ID_MASK(vend, 0, 0), .value = (val)} #define snd_pci_quirk_name(q) "" #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PCI const struct snd_pci_quirk * snd_pci_quirk_lookup(struct pci_dev *pci, const struct snd_pci_quirk *list); const struct snd_pci_quirk * snd_pci_quirk_lookup_id(u16 vendor, u16 device, const struct snd_pci_quirk *list); #else static inline const struct snd_pci_quirk * snd_pci_quirk_lookup(struct pci_dev *pci, const struct snd_pci_quirk *list) { return NULL; } static inline const struct snd_pci_quirk * snd_pci_quirk_lookup_id(u16 vendor, u16 device, const struct snd_pci_quirk *list) { return NULL; } #endif #endif /* __SOUND_CORE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. NET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the Ethernet handlers. * * Version: @(#)eth.h 1.0.4 05/13/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> * * Relocated to include/linux where it belongs by Alan Cox * <gw4pts@gw4pts.ampr.org> */ #ifndef _LINUX_ETHERDEVICE_H #define _LINUX_ETHERDEVICE_H #include <linux/if_ether.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/crc32.h> #include <asm/unaligned.h> #include <asm/bitsperlong.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ struct device; int eth_platform_get_mac_address(struct device *dev, u8 *mac_addr); unsigned char *arch_get_platform_mac_address(void); int nvmem_get_mac_address(struct device *dev, void *addrbuf); u32 eth_get_headlen(const struct net_device *dev, void *data, unsigned int len); __be16 eth_type_trans(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev); extern const struct header_ops eth_header_ops; int eth_header(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, unsigned short type, const void *daddr, const void *saddr, unsigned len); int eth_header_parse(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned char *haddr); int eth_header_cache(const struct neighbour *neigh, struct hh_cache *hh, __be16 type); void eth_header_cache_update(struct hh_cache *hh, const struct net_device *dev, const unsigned char *haddr); __be16 eth_header_parse_protocol(const struct sk_buff *skb); int eth_prepare_mac_addr_change(struct net_device *dev, void *p); void eth_commit_mac_addr_change(struct net_device *dev, void *p); int eth_mac_addr(struct net_device *dev, void *p); int eth_validate_addr(struct net_device *dev); struct net_device *alloc_etherdev_mqs(int sizeof_priv, unsigned int txqs, unsigned int rxqs); #define alloc_etherdev(sizeof_priv) alloc_etherdev_mq(sizeof_priv, 1) #define alloc_etherdev_mq(sizeof_priv, count) alloc_etherdev_mqs(sizeof_priv, count, count) struct net_device *devm_alloc_etherdev_mqs(struct device *dev, int sizeof_priv, unsigned int txqs, unsigned int rxqs); #define devm_alloc_etherdev(dev, sizeof_priv) devm_alloc_etherdev_mqs(dev, sizeof_priv, 1, 1) struct sk_buff *eth_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb); int eth_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhoff); /* Reserved Ethernet Addresses per IEEE 802.1Q */ static const u8 eth_reserved_addr_base[ETH_ALEN] __aligned(2) = { 0x01, 0x80, 0xc2, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00 }; #define eth_stp_addr eth_reserved_addr_base /** * is_link_local_ether_addr - Determine if given Ethernet address is link-local * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Return true if address is link local reserved addr (01:80:c2:00:00:0X) per * IEEE 802.1Q 8.6.3 Frame filtering. * * Please note: addr must be aligned to u16. */ static inline bool is_link_local_ether_addr(const u8 *addr) { __be16 *a = (__be16 *)addr; static const __be16 *b = (const __be16 *)eth_reserved_addr_base; static const __be16 m = cpu_to_be16(0xfff0); #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) return (((*(const u32 *)addr) ^ (*(const u32 *)b)) | (__force int)((a[2] ^ b[2]) & m)) == 0; #else return ((a[0] ^ b[0]) | (a[1] ^ b[1]) | ((a[2] ^ b[2]) & m)) == 0; #endif } /** * is_zero_ether_addr - Determine if give Ethernet address is all zeros. * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Return true if the address is all zeroes. * * Please note: addr must be aligned to u16. */ static inline bool is_zero_ether_addr(const u8 *addr) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) return ((*(const u32 *)addr) | (*(const u16 *)(addr + 4))) == 0; #else return (*(const u16 *)(addr + 0) | *(const u16 *)(addr + 2) | *(const u16 *)(addr + 4)) == 0; #endif } /** * is_multicast_ether_addr - Determine if the Ethernet address is a multicast. * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Return true if the address is a multicast address. * By definition the broadcast address is also a multicast address. */ static inline bool is_multicast_ether_addr(const u8 *addr) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) u32 a = *(const u32 *)addr; #else u16 a = *(const u16 *)addr; #endif #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN return 0x01 & (a >> ((sizeof(a) * 8) - 8)); #else return 0x01 & a; #endif } static inline bool is_multicast_ether_addr_64bits(const u8 addr[6+2]) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN return 0x01 & ((*(const u64 *)addr) >> 56); #else return 0x01 & (*(const u64 *)addr); #endif #else return is_multicast_ether_addr(addr); #endif } /** * is_local_ether_addr - Determine if the Ethernet address is locally-assigned one (IEEE 802). * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Return true if the address is a local address. */ static inline bool is_local_ether_addr(const u8 *addr) { return 0x02 & addr[0]; } /** * is_broadcast_ether_addr - Determine if the Ethernet address is broadcast * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Return true if the address is the broadcast address. * * Please note: addr must be aligned to u16. */ static inline bool is_broadcast_ether_addr(const u8 *addr) { return (*(const u16 *)(addr + 0) & *(const u16 *)(addr + 2) & *(const u16 *)(addr + 4)) == 0xffff; } /** * is_unicast_ether_addr - Determine if the Ethernet address is unicast * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Return true if the address is a unicast address. */ static inline bool is_unicast_ether_addr(const u8 *addr) { return !is_multicast_ether_addr(addr); } /** * is_valid_ether_addr - Determine if the given Ethernet address is valid * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Check that the Ethernet address (MAC) is not 00:00:00:00:00:00, is not * a multicast address, and is not FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF. * * Return true if the address is valid. * * Please note: addr must be aligned to u16. */ static inline bool is_valid_ether_addr(const u8 *addr) { /* FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF is a multicast address so we don't need to * explicitly check for it here. */ return !is_multicast_ether_addr(addr) && !is_zero_ether_addr(addr); } /** * eth_proto_is_802_3 - Determine if a given Ethertype/length is a protocol * @proto: Ethertype/length value to be tested * * Check that the value from the Ethertype/length field is a valid Ethertype. * * Return true if the valid is an 802.3 supported Ethertype. */ static inline bool eth_proto_is_802_3(__be16 proto) { #ifndef __BIG_ENDIAN /* if CPU is little endian mask off bits representing LSB */ proto &= htons(0xFF00); #endif /* cast both to u16 and compare since LSB can be ignored */ return (__force u16)proto >= (__force u16)htons(ETH_P_802_3_MIN); } /** * eth_random_addr - Generate software assigned random Ethernet address * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Generate a random Ethernet address (MAC) that is not multicast * and has the local assigned bit set. */ static inline void eth_random_addr(u8 *addr) { get_random_bytes(addr, ETH_ALEN); addr[0] &= 0xfe; /* clear multicast bit */ addr[0] |= 0x02; /* set local assignment bit (IEEE802) */ } #define random_ether_addr(addr) eth_random_addr(addr) /** * eth_broadcast_addr - Assign broadcast address * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Assign the broadcast address to the given address array. */ static inline void eth_broadcast_addr(u8 *addr) { memset(addr, 0xff, ETH_ALEN); } /** * eth_zero_addr - Assign zero address * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Assign the zero address to the given address array. */ static inline void eth_zero_addr(u8 *addr) { memset(addr, 0x00, ETH_ALEN); } /** * eth_hw_addr_random - Generate software assigned random Ethernet and * set device flag * @dev: pointer to net_device structure * * Generate a random Ethernet address (MAC) to be used by a net device * and set addr_assign_type so the state can be read by sysfs and be * used by userspace. */ static inline void eth_hw_addr_random(struct net_device *dev) { dev->addr_assign_type = NET_ADDR_RANDOM; eth_random_addr(dev->dev_addr); } /** * eth_hw_addr_crc - Calculate CRC from netdev_hw_addr * @ha: pointer to hardware address * * Calculate CRC from a hardware address as basis for filter hashes. */ static inline u32 eth_hw_addr_crc(struct netdev_hw_addr *ha) { return ether_crc(ETH_ALEN, ha->addr); } /** * ether_addr_copy - Copy an Ethernet address * @dst: Pointer to a six-byte array Ethernet address destination * @src: Pointer to a six-byte array Ethernet address source * * Please note: dst & src must both be aligned to u16. */ static inline void ether_addr_copy(u8 *dst, const u8 *src) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) *(u32 *)dst = *(const u32 *)src; *(u16 *)(dst + 4) = *(const u16 *)(src + 4); #else u16 *a = (u16 *)dst; const u16 *b = (const u16 *)src; a[0] = b[0]; a[1] = b[1]; a[2] = b[2]; #endif } /** * eth_hw_addr_inherit - Copy dev_addr from another net_device * @dst: pointer to net_device to copy dev_addr to * @src: pointer to net_device to copy dev_addr from * * Copy the Ethernet address from one net_device to another along with * the address attributes (addr_assign_type). */ static inline void eth_hw_addr_inherit(struct net_device *dst, struct net_device *src) { dst->addr_assign_type = src->addr_assign_type; ether_addr_copy(dst->dev_addr, src->dev_addr); } /** * ether_addr_equal - Compare two Ethernet addresses * @addr1: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * @addr2: Pointer other six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Compare two Ethernet addresses, returns true if equal * * Please note: addr1 & addr2 must both be aligned to u16. */ static inline bool ether_addr_equal(const u8 *addr1, const u8 *addr2) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) u32 fold = ((*(const u32 *)addr1) ^ (*(const u32 *)addr2)) | ((*(const u16 *)(addr1 + 4)) ^ (*(const u16 *)(addr2 + 4))); return fold == 0; #else const u16 *a = (const u16 *)addr1; const u16 *b = (const u16 *)addr2; return ((a[0] ^ b[0]) | (a[1] ^ b[1]) | (a[2] ^ b[2])) == 0; #endif } /** * ether_addr_equal_64bits - Compare two Ethernet addresses * @addr1: Pointer to an array of 8 bytes * @addr2: Pointer to an other array of 8 bytes * * Compare two Ethernet addresses, returns true if equal, false otherwise. * * The function doesn't need any conditional branches and possibly uses * word memory accesses on CPU allowing cheap unaligned memory reads. * arrays = { byte1, byte2, byte3, byte4, byte5, byte6, pad1, pad2 } * * Please note that alignment of addr1 & addr2 are only guaranteed to be 16 bits. */ static inline bool ether_addr_equal_64bits(const u8 addr1[6+2], const u8 addr2[6+2]) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 u64 fold = (*(const u64 *)addr1) ^ (*(const u64 *)addr2); #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN return (fold >> 16) == 0; #else return (fold << 16) == 0; #endif #else return ether_addr_equal(addr1, addr2); #endif } /** * ether_addr_equal_unaligned - Compare two not u16 aligned Ethernet addresses * @addr1: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * @addr2: Pointer other six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Compare two Ethernet addresses, returns true if equal * * Please note: Use only when any Ethernet address may not be u16 aligned. */ static inline bool ether_addr_equal_unaligned(const u8 *addr1, const u8 *addr2) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) return ether_addr_equal(addr1, addr2); #else return memcmp(addr1, addr2, ETH_ALEN) == 0; #endif } /** * ether_addr_equal_masked - Compare two Ethernet addresses with a mask * @addr1: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the 1st Ethernet address * @addr2: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the 2nd Ethernet address * @mask: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address bitmask * * Compare two Ethernet addresses with a mask, returns true if for every bit * set in the bitmask the equivalent bits in the ethernet addresses are equal. * Using a mask with all bits set is a slower ether_addr_equal. */ static inline bool ether_addr_equal_masked(const u8 *addr1, const u8 *addr2, const u8 *mask) { int i; for (i = 0; i < ETH_ALEN; i++) { if ((addr1[i] ^ addr2[i]) & mask[i]) return false; } return true; } /** * ether_addr_to_u64 - Convert an Ethernet address into a u64 value. * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Return a u64 value of the address */ static inline u64 ether_addr_to_u64(const u8 *addr) { u64 u = 0; int i; for (i = 0; i < ETH_ALEN; i++) u = u << 8 | addr[i]; return u; } /** * u64_to_ether_addr - Convert a u64 to an Ethernet address. * @u: u64 to convert to an Ethernet MAC address * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array to contain the Ethernet address */ static inline void u64_to_ether_addr(u64 u, u8 *addr) { int i; for (i = ETH_ALEN - 1; i >= 0; i--) { addr[i] = u & 0xff; u = u >> 8; } } /** * eth_addr_dec - Decrement the given MAC address * * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing Ethernet address to decrement */ static inline void eth_addr_dec(u8 *addr) { u64 u = ether_addr_to_u64(addr); u--; u64_to_ether_addr(u, addr); } /** * eth_addr_inc() - Increment the given MAC address. * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing Ethernet address to increment. */ static inline void eth_addr_inc(u8 *addr) { u64 u = ether_addr_to_u64(addr); u++; u64_to_ether_addr(u, addr); } /** * is_etherdev_addr - Tell if given Ethernet address belongs to the device. * @dev: Pointer to a device structure * @addr: Pointer to a six-byte array containing the Ethernet address * * Compare passed address with all addresses of the device. Return true if the * address if one of the device addresses. * * Note that this function calls ether_addr_equal_64bits() so take care of * the right padding. */ static inline bool is_etherdev_addr(const struct net_device *dev, const u8 addr[6 + 2]) { struct netdev_hw_addr *ha; bool res = false; rcu_read_lock(); for_each_dev_addr(dev, ha) { res = ether_addr_equal_64bits(addr, ha->addr); if (res) break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return res; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ /** * compare_ether_header - Compare two Ethernet headers * @a: Pointer to Ethernet header * @b: Pointer to Ethernet header * * Compare two Ethernet headers, returns 0 if equal. * This assumes that the network header (i.e., IP header) is 4-byte * aligned OR the platform can handle unaligned access. This is the * case for all packets coming into netif_receive_skb or similar * entry points. */ static inline unsigned long compare_ether_header(const void *a, const void *b) { #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 unsigned long fold; /* * We want to compare 14 bytes: * [a0 ... a13] ^ [b0 ... b13] * Use two long XOR, ORed together, with an overlap of two bytes. * [a0 a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 a6 a7 ] ^ [b0 b1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7 ] | * [a6 a7 a8 a9 a10 a11 a12 a13] ^ [b6 b7 b8 b9 b10 b11 b12 b13] * This means the [a6 a7] ^ [b6 b7] part is done two times. */ fold = *(unsigned long *)a ^ *(unsigned long *)b; fold |= *(unsigned long *)(a + 6) ^ *(unsigned long *)(b + 6); return fold; #else u32 *a32 = (u32 *)((u8 *)a + 2); u32 *b32 = (u32 *)((u8 *)b + 2); return (*(u16 *)a ^ *(u16 *)b) | (a32[0] ^ b32[0]) | (a32[1] ^ b32[1]) | (a32[2] ^ b32[2]); #endif } /** * eth_skb_pad - Pad buffer to mininum number of octets for Ethernet frame * @skb: Buffer to pad * * An Ethernet frame should have a minimum size of 60 bytes. This function * takes short frames and pads them with zeros up to the 60 byte limit. */ static inline int eth_skb_pad(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_put_padto(skb, ETH_ZLEN); } #endif /* _LINUX_ETHERDEVICE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _KERNEL_EVENTS_INTERNAL_H #define _KERNEL_EVENTS_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> /* Buffer handling */ #define RING_BUFFER_WRITABLE 0x01 struct perf_buffer { refcount_t refcount; struct rcu_head rcu_head; #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_USE_VMALLOC struct work_struct work; int page_order; /* allocation order */ #endif int nr_pages; /* nr of data pages */ int overwrite; /* can overwrite itself */ int paused; /* can write into ring buffer */ atomic_t poll; /* POLL_ for wakeups */ local_t head; /* write position */ unsigned int nest; /* nested writers */ local_t events; /* event limit */ local_t wakeup; /* wakeup stamp */ local_t lost; /* nr records lost */ long watermark; /* wakeup watermark */ long aux_watermark; /* poll crap */ spinlock_t event_lock; struct list_head event_list; atomic_t mmap_count; unsigned long mmap_locked; struct user_struct *mmap_user; /* AUX area */ long aux_head; unsigned int aux_nest; long aux_wakeup; /* last aux_watermark boundary crossed by aux_head */ unsigned long aux_pgoff; int aux_nr_pages; int aux_overwrite; atomic_t aux_mmap_count; unsigned long aux_mmap_locked; void (*free_aux)(void *); refcount_t aux_refcount; int aux_in_sampling; void **aux_pages; void *aux_priv; struct perf_event_mmap_page *user_page; void *data_pages[]; }; extern void rb_free(struct perf_buffer *rb); static inline void rb_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu_head) { struct perf_buffer *rb; rb = container_of(rcu_head, struct perf_buffer, rcu_head); rb_free(rb); } static inline void rb_toggle_paused(struct perf_buffer *rb, bool pause) { if (!pause && rb->nr_pages) rb->paused = 0; else rb->paused = 1; } extern struct perf_buffer * rb_alloc(int nr_pages, long watermark, int cpu, int flags); extern void perf_event_wakeup(struct perf_event *event); extern int rb_alloc_aux(struct perf_buffer *rb, struct perf_event *event, pgoff_t pgoff, int nr_pages, long watermark, int flags); extern void rb_free_aux(struct perf_buffer *rb); extern struct perf_buffer *ring_buffer_get(struct perf_event *event); extern void ring_buffer_put(struct perf_buffer *rb); static inline bool rb_has_aux(struct perf_buffer *rb) { return !!rb->aux_nr_pages; } void perf_event_aux_event(struct perf_event *event, unsigned long head, unsigned long size, u64 flags); extern struct page * perf_mmap_to_page(struct perf_buffer *rb, unsigned long pgoff); #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_USE_VMALLOC /* * Back perf_mmap() with vmalloc memory. * * Required for architectures that have d-cache aliasing issues. */ static inline int page_order(struct perf_buffer *rb) { return rb->page_order; } #else static inline int page_order(struct perf_buffer *rb) { return 0; } #endif static inline unsigned long perf_data_size(struct perf_buffer *rb) { return rb->nr_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT + page_order(rb)); } static inline unsigned long perf_aux_size(struct perf_buffer *rb) { return rb->aux_nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT; } #define __DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY_BODY(advance_buf, memcpy_func, ...) \ { \ unsigned long size, written; \ \ do { \ size = min(handle->size, len); \ written = memcpy_func(__VA_ARGS__); \ written = size - written; \ \ len -= written; \ handle->addr += written; \ if (advance_buf) \ buf += written; \ handle->size -= written; \ if (!handle->size) { \ struct perf_buffer *rb = handle->rb; \ \ handle->page++; \ handle->page &= rb->nr_pages - 1; \ handle->addr = rb->data_pages[handle->page]; \ handle->size = PAGE_SIZE << page_order(rb); \ } \ } while (len && written == size); \ \ return len; \ } #define DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY(func_name, memcpy_func) \ static inline unsigned long \ func_name(struct perf_output_handle *handle, \ const void *buf, unsigned long len) \ __DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY_BODY(true, memcpy_func, handle->addr, buf, size) static inline unsigned long __output_custom(struct perf_output_handle *handle, perf_copy_f copy_func, const void *buf, unsigned long len) { unsigned long orig_len = len; __DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY_BODY(false, copy_func, handle->addr, buf, orig_len - len, size) } static inline unsigned long memcpy_common(void *dst, const void *src, unsigned long n) { memcpy(dst, src, n); return 0; } DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY(__output_copy, memcpy_common) static inline unsigned long memcpy_skip(void *dst, const void *src, unsigned long n) { return 0; } DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY(__output_skip, memcpy_skip) #ifndef arch_perf_out_copy_user #define arch_perf_out_copy_user arch_perf_out_copy_user static inline unsigned long arch_perf_out_copy_user(void *dst, const void *src, unsigned long n) { unsigned long ret; pagefault_disable(); ret = __copy_from_user_inatomic(dst, src, n); pagefault_enable(); return ret; } #endif DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY(__output_copy_user, arch_perf_out_copy_user) static inline int get_recursion_context(int *recursion) { unsigned int pc = preempt_count(); unsigned char rctx = 0; rctx += !!(pc & (NMI_MASK)); rctx += !!(pc & (NMI_MASK | HARDIRQ_MASK)); rctx += !!(pc & (NMI_MASK | HARDIRQ_MASK | SOFTIRQ_OFFSET)); if (recursion[rctx]) return -1; recursion[rctx]++; barrier(); return rctx; } static inline void put_recursion_context(int *recursion, int rctx) { barrier(); recursion[rctx]--; } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_PERF_USER_STACK_DUMP static inline bool arch_perf_have_user_stack_dump(void) { return true; } #define perf_user_stack_pointer(regs) user_stack_pointer(regs) #else static inline bool arch_perf_have_user_stack_dump(void) { return false; } #define perf_user_stack_pointer(regs) 0 #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_PERF_USER_STACK_DUMP */ #endif /* _KERNEL_EVENTS_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef LINUX_CRASH_DUMP_H #define LINUX_CRASH_DUMP_H #include <linux/kexec.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> #include <uapi/linux/vmcore.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> /* for pgprot_t */ #ifdef CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP #define ELFCORE_ADDR_MAX (-1ULL) #define ELFCORE_ADDR_ERR (-2ULL) extern unsigned long long elfcorehdr_addr; extern unsigned long long elfcorehdr_size; extern int elfcorehdr_alloc(unsigned long long *addr, unsigned long long *size); extern void elfcorehdr_free(unsigned long long addr); extern ssize_t elfcorehdr_read(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos); extern ssize_t elfcorehdr_read_notes(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos); extern int remap_oldmem_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long from, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot); extern ssize_t copy_oldmem_page(unsigned long, char *, size_t, unsigned long, int); extern ssize_t copy_oldmem_page_encrypted(unsigned long pfn, char *buf, size_t csize, unsigned long offset, int userbuf); void vmcore_cleanup(void); /* Architecture code defines this if there are other possible ELF * machine types, e.g. on bi-arch capable hardware. */ #ifndef vmcore_elf_check_arch_cross #define vmcore_elf_check_arch_cross(x) 0 #endif /* * Architecture code can redefine this if there are any special checks * needed for 32-bit ELF or 64-bit ELF vmcores. In case of 32-bit * only architecture, vmcore_elf64_check_arch can be set to zero. */ #ifndef vmcore_elf32_check_arch #define vmcore_elf32_check_arch(x) elf_check_arch(x) #endif #ifndef vmcore_elf64_check_arch #define vmcore_elf64_check_arch(x) (elf_check_arch(x) || vmcore_elf_check_arch_cross(x)) #endif /* * is_kdump_kernel() checks whether this kernel is booting after a panic of * previous kernel or not. This is determined by checking if previous kernel * has passed the elf core header address on command line. * * This is not just a test if CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP is enabled or not. It will * return true if CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP=y and if kernel is booting after a panic * of previous kernel. */ static inline bool is_kdump_kernel(void) { return elfcorehdr_addr != ELFCORE_ADDR_MAX; } /* is_vmcore_usable() checks if the kernel is booting after a panic and * the vmcore region is usable. * * This makes use of the fact that due to alignment -2ULL is not * a valid pointer, much in the vain of IS_ERR(), except * dealing directly with an unsigned long long rather than a pointer. */ static inline int is_vmcore_usable(void) { return is_kdump_kernel() && elfcorehdr_addr != ELFCORE_ADDR_ERR ? 1 : 0; } /* vmcore_unusable() marks the vmcore as unusable, * without disturbing the logic of is_kdump_kernel() */ static inline void vmcore_unusable(void) { if (is_kdump_kernel()) elfcorehdr_addr = ELFCORE_ADDR_ERR; } #define HAVE_OLDMEM_PFN_IS_RAM 1 extern int register_oldmem_pfn_is_ram(int (*fn)(unsigned long pfn)); extern void unregister_oldmem_pfn_is_ram(void); #else /* !CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP */ static inline bool is_kdump_kernel(void) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP */ /* Device Dump information to be filled by drivers */ struct vmcoredd_data { char dump_name[VMCOREDD_MAX_NAME_BYTES]; /* Unique name of the dump */ unsigned int size; /* Size of the dump */ /* Driver's registered callback to be invoked to collect dump */ int (*vmcoredd_callback)(struct vmcoredd_data *data, void *buf); }; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE_DEVICE_DUMP int vmcore_add_device_dump(struct vmcoredd_data *data); #else static inline int vmcore_add_device_dump(struct vmcoredd_data *data) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE_DEVICE_DUMP */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE ssize_t read_from_oldmem(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos, int userbuf, bool encrypted); #else static inline ssize_t read_from_oldmem(char *buf, size_t count, u64 *ppos, int userbuf, bool encrypted) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE */ #endif /* LINUX_CRASHDUMP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM qdisc #if !defined(_TRACE_QDISC_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_QDISC_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/pkt_sched.h> #include <net/sch_generic.h> TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_dequeue, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *qdisc, const struct netdev_queue *txq, int packets, struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(qdisc, txq, packets, skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( struct Qdisc *, qdisc ) __field(const struct netdev_queue *, txq ) __field( int, packets ) __field( void *, skbaddr ) __field( int, ifindex ) __field( u32, handle ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( unsigned long, txq_state) ), /* skb==NULL indicate packets dequeued was 0, even when packets==1 */ TP_fast_assign( __entry->qdisc = qdisc; __entry->txq = txq; __entry->packets = skb ? packets : 0; __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->ifindex = txq->dev ? txq->dev->ifindex : 0; __entry->handle = qdisc->handle; __entry->parent = qdisc->parent; __entry->txq_state = txq->state; ), TP_printk("dequeue ifindex=%d qdisc handle=0x%X parent=0x%X txq_state=0x%lX packets=%d skbaddr=%p", __entry->ifindex, __entry->handle, __entry->parent, __entry->txq_state, __entry->packets, __entry->skbaddr ) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_reset, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *q), TP_ARGS(q), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, qdisc_dev(q) ) __string( kind, q->ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( u32, handle ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, qdisc_dev(q)); __assign_str(kind, q->ops->id); __entry->parent = q->parent; __entry->handle = q->handle; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x handle=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->handle) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->handle)) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_destroy, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *q), TP_ARGS(q), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, qdisc_dev(q) ) __string( kind, q->ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( u32, handle ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, qdisc_dev(q)); __assign_str(kind, q->ops->id); __entry->parent = q->parent; __entry->handle = q->handle; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x handle=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->handle) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->handle)) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_create, TP_PROTO(const struct Qdisc_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev, u32 parent), TP_ARGS(ops, dev, parent), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, dev->name ) __string( kind, ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, dev->name); __assign_str(kind, ops->id); __entry->parent = parent; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_QDISC_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_HWEIGHT_H #define _ASM_X86_HWEIGHT_H #include <asm/cpufeatures.h> #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT #define REG_IN "D" #define REG_OUT "a" #else #define REG_IN "a" #define REG_OUT "a" #endif static __always_inline unsigned int __arch_hweight32(unsigned int w) { unsigned int res; asm (ALTERNATIVE("call __sw_hweight32", "popcntl %1, %0", X86_FEATURE_POPCNT) : "="REG_OUT (res) : REG_IN (w)); return res; } static inline unsigned int __arch_hweight16(unsigned int w) { return __arch_hweight32(w & 0xffff); } static inline unsigned int __arch_hweight8(unsigned int w) { return __arch_hweight32(w & 0xff); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 static inline unsigned long __arch_hweight64(__u64 w) { return __arch_hweight32((u32)w) + __arch_hweight32((u32)(w >> 32)); } #else static __always_inline unsigned long __arch_hweight64(__u64 w) { unsigned long res; asm (ALTERNATIVE("call __sw_hweight64", "popcntq %1, %0", X86_FEATURE_POPCNT) : "="REG_OUT (res) : REG_IN (w)); return res; } #endif /* CONFIG_X86_32 */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM block #if !defined(_TRACE_BLOCK_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_BLOCK_H #include <linux/blktrace_api.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #define RWBS_LEN 8 DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_buffer, TP_PROTO(struct buffer_head *bh), TP_ARGS(bh), TP_STRUCT__entry ( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( size_t, size ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bh->b_bdev->bd_dev; __entry->sector = bh->b_blocknr; __entry->size = bh->b_size; ), TP_printk("%d,%d sector=%llu size=%zu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->size ) ); /** * block_touch_buffer - mark a buffer accessed * @bh: buffer_head being touched * * Called from touch_buffer(). */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_buffer, block_touch_buffer, TP_PROTO(struct buffer_head *bh), TP_ARGS(bh) ); /** * block_dirty_buffer - mark a buffer dirty * @bh: buffer_head being dirtied * * Called from mark_buffer_dirty(). */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_buffer, block_dirty_buffer, TP_PROTO(struct buffer_head *bh), TP_ARGS(bh) ); /** * block_rq_requeue - place block IO request back on a queue * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: block IO operation request * * The block operation request @rq is being placed back into queue * @q. For some reason the request was not completed and needs to be * put back in the queue. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_rq_requeue, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __dynamic_array( char, cmd, 1 ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = rq->rq_disk ? disk_devt(rq->rq_disk) : 0; __entry->sector = blk_rq_trace_sector(rq); __entry->nr_sector = blk_rq_trace_nr_sectors(rq); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, rq->cmd_flags, blk_rq_bytes(rq)); __get_str(cmd)[0] = '\0'; ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s (%s) %llu + %u [%d]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, __get_str(cmd), (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, 0) ); /** * block_rq_complete - block IO operation completed by device driver * @rq: block operations request * @error: status code * @nr_bytes: number of completed bytes * * The block_rq_complete tracepoint event indicates that some portion * of operation request has been completed by the device driver. If * the @rq->bio is %NULL, then there is absolutely no additional work to * do for the request. If @rq->bio is non-NULL then there is * additional work required to complete the request. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_rq_complete, TP_PROTO(struct request *rq, int error, unsigned int nr_bytes), TP_ARGS(rq, error, nr_bytes), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __field( int, error ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __dynamic_array( char, cmd, 1 ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = rq->rq_disk ? disk_devt(rq->rq_disk) : 0; __entry->sector = blk_rq_pos(rq); __entry->nr_sector = nr_bytes >> 9; __entry->error = error; blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, rq->cmd_flags, nr_bytes); __get_str(cmd)[0] = '\0'; ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s (%s) %llu + %u [%d]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, __get_str(cmd), (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->error) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_rq, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __field( unsigned int, bytes ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __dynamic_array( char, cmd, 1 ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = rq->rq_disk ? disk_devt(rq->rq_disk) : 0; __entry->sector = blk_rq_trace_sector(rq); __entry->nr_sector = blk_rq_trace_nr_sectors(rq); __entry->bytes = blk_rq_bytes(rq); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, rq->cmd_flags, blk_rq_bytes(rq)); __get_str(cmd)[0] = '\0'; memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %u (%s) %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, __entry->bytes, __get_str(cmd), (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_rq_insert - insert block operation request into queue * @q: target queue * @rq: block IO operation request * * Called immediately before block operation request @rq is inserted * into queue @q. The fields in the operation request @rq struct can * be examined to determine which device and sectors the pending * operation would access. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_rq, block_rq_insert, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq) ); /** * block_rq_issue - issue pending block IO request operation to device driver * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: block IO operation operation request * * Called when block operation request @rq from queue @q is sent to a * device driver for processing. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_rq, block_rq_issue, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq) ); /** * block_rq_merge - merge request with another one in the elevator * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: block IO operation operation request * * Called when block operation request @rq from queue @q is merged to another * request queued in the elevator. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_rq, block_rq_merge, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq), TP_ARGS(q, rq) ); /** * block_bio_bounce - used bounce buffer when processing block operation * @q: queue holding the block operation * @bio: block operation * * A bounce buffer was used to handle the block operation @bio in @q. * This occurs when hardware limitations prevent a direct transfer of * data between the @bio data memory area and the IO device. Use of a * bounce buffer requires extra copying of data and decreases * performance. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_bio_bounce, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, bio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_bio_complete - completed all work on the block operation * @q: queue holding the block operation * @bio: block operation completed * * This tracepoint indicates there is no further work to do on this * block IO operation @bio. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_bio_complete, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, bio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned, nr_sector ) __field( int, error ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); __entry->error = blk_status_to_errno(bio->bi_status); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%d]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->error) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_bio_merge, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, rq, bio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_bio_backmerge - merging block operation to the end of an existing operation * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: request bio is being merged into * @bio: new block operation to merge * * Merging block request @bio to the end of an existing block request * in queue @q. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_bio_merge, block_bio_backmerge, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, rq, bio) ); /** * block_bio_frontmerge - merging block operation to the beginning of an existing operation * @q: queue holding operation * @rq: request bio is being merged into * @bio: new block operation to merge * * Merging block IO operation @bio to the beginning of an existing block * operation in queue @q. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_bio_merge, block_bio_frontmerge, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, rq, bio) ); /** * block_bio_queue - putting new block IO operation in queue * @q: queue holding operation * @bio: new block operation * * About to place the block IO operation @bio into queue @q. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_bio_queue, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio), TP_ARGS(q, bio), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_get_rq, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, int rw), TP_ARGS(q, bio, rw), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio ? bio_dev(bio) : 0; __entry->sector = bio ? bio->bi_iter.bi_sector : 0; __entry->nr_sector = bio ? bio_sectors(bio) : 0; blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio ? bio->bi_opf : 0, __entry->nr_sector); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_getrq - get a free request entry in queue for block IO operations * @q: queue for operations * @bio: pending block IO operation (can be %NULL) * @rw: low bit indicates a read (%0) or a write (%1) * * A request struct for queue @q has been allocated to handle the * block IO operation @bio. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_get_rq, block_getrq, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, int rw), TP_ARGS(q, bio, rw) ); /** * block_sleeprq - waiting to get a free request entry in queue for block IO operation * @q: queue for operation * @bio: pending block IO operation (can be %NULL) * @rw: low bit indicates a read (%0) or a write (%1) * * In the case where a request struct cannot be provided for queue @q * the process needs to wait for an request struct to become * available. This tracepoint event is generated each time the * process goes to sleep waiting for request struct become available. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_get_rq, block_sleeprq, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, int rw), TP_ARGS(q, bio, rw) ); /** * block_plug - keep operations requests in request queue * @q: request queue to plug * * Plug the request queue @q. Do not allow block operation requests * to be sent to the device driver. Instead, accumulate requests in * the queue to improve throughput performance of the block device. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_plug, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q), TP_ARGS(q), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("[%s]", __entry->comm) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(block_unplug, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int depth, bool explicit), TP_ARGS(q, depth, explicit), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nr_rq ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nr_rq = depth; memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("[%s] %d", __entry->comm, __entry->nr_rq) ); /** * block_unplug - release of operations requests in request queue * @q: request queue to unplug * @depth: number of requests just added to the queue * @explicit: whether this was an explicit unplug, or one from schedule() * * Unplug request queue @q because device driver is scheduled to work * on elements in the request queue. */ DEFINE_EVENT(block_unplug, block_unplug, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int depth, bool explicit), TP_ARGS(q, depth, explicit) ); /** * block_split - split a single bio struct into two bio structs * @q: queue containing the bio * @bio: block operation being split * @new_sector: The starting sector for the new bio * * The bio request @bio in request queue @q needs to be split into two * bio requests. The newly created @bio request starts at * @new_sector. This split may be required due to hardware limitation * such as operation crossing device boundaries in a RAID system. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_split, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int new_sector), TP_ARGS(q, bio, new_sector), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( sector_t, new_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN ) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->new_sector = new_sector; blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu / %llu [%s]", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, (unsigned long long)__entry->new_sector, __entry->comm) ); /** * block_bio_remap - map request for a logical device to the raw device * @q: queue holding the operation * @bio: revised operation * @dev: device for the operation * @from: original sector for the operation * * An operation for a logical device has been mapped to the * raw block device. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_bio_remap, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, dev_t dev, sector_t from), TP_ARGS(q, bio, dev, from), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __field( dev_t, old_dev ) __field( sector_t, old_sector ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = bio_dev(bio); __entry->sector = bio->bi_iter.bi_sector; __entry->nr_sector = bio_sectors(bio); __entry->old_dev = dev; __entry->old_sector = from; blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, bio->bi_opf, bio->bi_iter.bi_size); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u <- (%d,%d) %llu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, MAJOR(__entry->old_dev), MINOR(__entry->old_dev), (unsigned long long)__entry->old_sector) ); /** * block_rq_remap - map request for a block operation request * @q: queue holding the operation * @rq: block IO operation request * @dev: device for the operation * @from: original sector for the operation * * The block operation request @rq in @q has been remapped. The block * operation request @rq holds the current information and @from hold * the original sector. */ TRACE_EVENT(block_rq_remap, TP_PROTO(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, dev_t dev, sector_t from), TP_ARGS(q, rq, dev, from), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( sector_t, sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_sector ) __field( dev_t, old_dev ) __field( sector_t, old_sector ) __field( unsigned int, nr_bios ) __array( char, rwbs, RWBS_LEN) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = disk_devt(rq->rq_disk); __entry->sector = blk_rq_pos(rq); __entry->nr_sector = blk_rq_sectors(rq); __entry->old_dev = dev; __entry->old_sector = from; __entry->nr_bios = blk_rq_count_bios(rq); blk_fill_rwbs(__entry->rwbs, rq->cmd_flags, blk_rq_bytes(rq)); ), TP_printk("%d,%d %s %llu + %u <- (%d,%d) %llu %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->rwbs, (unsigned long long)__entry->sector, __entry->nr_sector, MAJOR(__entry->old_dev), MINOR(__entry->old_dev), (unsigned long long)__entry->old_sector, __entry->nr_bios) ); #endif /* _TRACE_BLOCK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * include/linux/idr.h * * 2002-10-18 written by Jim Houston jim.houston@ccur.com * Copyright (C) 2002 by Concurrent Computer Corporation * * Small id to pointer translation service avoiding fixed sized * tables. */ #ifndef __IDR_H__ #define __IDR_H__ #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> struct idr { struct radix_tree_root idr_rt; unsigned int idr_base; unsigned int idr_next; }; /* * The IDR API does not expose the tagging functionality of the radix tree * to users. Use tag 0 to track whether a node has free space below it. */ #define IDR_FREE 0 /* Set the IDR flag and the IDR_FREE tag */ #define IDR_RT_MARKER (ROOT_IS_IDR | (__force gfp_t) \ (1 << (ROOT_TAG_SHIFT + IDR_FREE))) #define IDR_INIT_BASE(name, base) { \ .idr_rt = RADIX_TREE_INIT(name, IDR_RT_MARKER), \ .idr_base = (base), \ .idr_next = 0, \ } /** * IDR_INIT() - Initialise an IDR. * @name: Name of IDR. * * A freshly-initialised IDR contains no IDs. */ #define IDR_INIT(name) IDR_INIT_BASE(name, 0) /** * DEFINE_IDR() - Define a statically-allocated IDR. * @name: Name of IDR. * * An IDR defined using this macro is ready for use with no additional * initialisation required. It contains no IDs. */ #define DEFINE_IDR(name) struct idr name = IDR_INIT(name) /** * idr_get_cursor - Return the current position of the cyclic allocator * @idr: idr handle * * The value returned is the value that will be next returned from * idr_alloc_cyclic() if it is free (otherwise the search will start from * this position). */ static inline unsigned int idr_get_cursor(const struct idr *idr) { return READ_ONCE(idr->idr_next); } /** * idr_set_cursor - Set the current position of the cyclic allocator * @idr: idr handle * @val: new position * * The next call to idr_alloc_cyclic() will return @val if it is free * (otherwise the search will start from this position). */ static inline void idr_set_cursor(struct idr *idr, unsigned int val) { WRITE_ONCE(idr->idr_next, val); } /** * DOC: idr sync * idr synchronization (stolen from radix-tree.h) * * idr_find() is able to be called locklessly, using RCU. The caller must * ensure calls to this function are made within rcu_read_lock() regions. * Other readers (lock-free or otherwise) and modifications may be running * concurrently. * * It is still required that the caller manage the synchronization and * lifetimes of the items. So if RCU lock-free lookups are used, typically * this would mean that the items have their own locks, or are amenable to * lock-free access; and that the items are freed by RCU (or only freed after * having been deleted from the idr tree *and* a synchronize_rcu() grace * period). */ #define idr_lock(idr) xa_lock(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_unlock(idr) xa_unlock(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_lock_bh(idr) xa_lock_bh(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_unlock_bh(idr) xa_unlock_bh(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_lock_irq(idr) xa_lock_irq(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_unlock_irq(idr) xa_unlock_irq(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_lock_irqsave(idr, flags) \ xa_lock_irqsave(&(idr)->idr_rt, flags) #define idr_unlock_irqrestore(idr, flags) \ xa_unlock_irqrestore(&(idr)->idr_rt, flags) void idr_preload(gfp_t gfp_mask); int idr_alloc(struct idr *, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t); int __must_check idr_alloc_u32(struct idr *, void *ptr, u32 *id, unsigned long max, gfp_t); int idr_alloc_cyclic(struct idr *, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t); void *idr_remove(struct idr *, unsigned long id); void *idr_find(const struct idr *, unsigned long id); int idr_for_each(const struct idr *, int (*fn)(int id, void *p, void *data), void *data); void *idr_get_next(struct idr *, int *nextid); void *idr_get_next_ul(struct idr *, unsigned long *nextid); void *idr_replace(struct idr *, void *, unsigned long id); void idr_destroy(struct idr *); /** * idr_init_base() - Initialise an IDR. * @idr: IDR handle. * @base: The base value for the IDR. * * This variation of idr_init() creates an IDR which will allocate IDs * starting at %base. */ static inline void idr_init_base(struct idr *idr, int base) { INIT_RADIX_TREE(&idr->idr_rt, IDR_RT_MARKER); idr->idr_base = base; idr->idr_next = 0; } /** * idr_init() - Initialise an IDR. * @idr: IDR handle. * * Initialise a dynamically allocated IDR. To initialise a * statically allocated IDR, use DEFINE_IDR(). */ static inline void idr_init(struct idr *idr) { idr_init_base(idr, 0); } /** * idr_is_empty() - Are there any IDs allocated? * @idr: IDR handle. * * Return: %true if any IDs have been allocated from this IDR. */ static inline bool idr_is_empty(const struct idr *idr) { return radix_tree_empty(&idr->idr_rt) && radix_tree_tagged(&idr->idr_rt, IDR_FREE); } /** * idr_preload_end - end preload section started with idr_preload() * * Each idr_preload() should be matched with an invocation of this * function. See idr_preload() for details. */ static inline void idr_preload_end(void) { local_unlock(&radix_tree_preloads.lock); } /** * idr_for_each_entry() - Iterate over an IDR's elements of a given type. * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as cursor * @id: Entry ID. * * @entry and @id do not need to be initialized before the loop, and * after normal termination @entry is left with the value NULL. This * is convenient for a "not found" value. */ #define idr_for_each_entry(idr, entry, id) \ for (id = 0; ((entry) = idr_get_next(idr, &(id))) != NULL; id += 1U) /** * idr_for_each_entry_ul() - Iterate over an IDR's elements of a given type. * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as cursor. * @tmp: A temporary placeholder for ID. * @id: Entry ID. * * @entry and @id do not need to be initialized before the loop, and * after normal termination @entry is left with the value NULL. This * is convenient for a "not found" value. */ #define idr_for_each_entry_ul(idr, entry, tmp, id) \ for (tmp = 0, id = 0; \ tmp <= id && ((entry) = idr_get_next_ul(idr, &(id))) != NULL; \ tmp = id, ++id) /** * idr_for_each_entry_continue() - Continue iteration over an IDR's elements of a given type * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as a cursor. * @id: Entry ID. * * Continue to iterate over entries, continuing after the current position. */ #define idr_for_each_entry_continue(idr, entry, id) \ for ((entry) = idr_get_next((idr), &(id)); \ entry; \ ++id, (entry) = idr_get_next((idr), &(id))) /** * idr_for_each_entry_continue_ul() - Continue iteration over an IDR's elements of a given type * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as a cursor. * @tmp: A temporary placeholder for ID. * @id: Entry ID. * * Continue to iterate over entries, continuing after the current position. */ #define idr_for_each_entry_continue_ul(idr, entry, tmp, id) \ for (tmp = id; \ tmp <= id && ((entry) = idr_get_next_ul(idr, &(id))) != NULL; \ tmp = id, ++id) /* * IDA - ID Allocator, use when translation from id to pointer isn't necessary. */ #define IDA_CHUNK_SIZE 128 /* 128 bytes per chunk */ #define IDA_BITMAP_LONGS (IDA_CHUNK_SIZE / sizeof(long)) #define IDA_BITMAP_BITS (IDA_BITMAP_LONGS * sizeof(long) * 8) struct ida_bitmap { unsigned long bitmap[IDA_BITMAP_LONGS]; }; struct ida { struct xarray xa; }; #define IDA_INIT_FLAGS (XA_FLAGS_LOCK_IRQ | XA_FLAGS_ALLOC) #define IDA_INIT(name) { \ .xa = XARRAY_INIT(name, IDA_INIT_FLAGS) \ } #define DEFINE_IDA(name) struct ida name = IDA_INIT(name) int ida_alloc_range(struct ida *, unsigned int min, unsigned int max, gfp_t); void ida_free(struct ida *, unsigned int id); void ida_destroy(struct ida *ida); /** * ida_alloc() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between 0 and %INT_MAX, inclusive. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ static inline int ida_alloc(struct ida *ida, gfp_t gfp) { return ida_alloc_range(ida, 0, ~0, gfp); } /** * ida_alloc_min() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @min: Lowest ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between @min and %INT_MAX, inclusive. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ static inline int ida_alloc_min(struct ida *ida, unsigned int min, gfp_t gfp) { return ida_alloc_range(ida, min, ~0, gfp); } /** * ida_alloc_max() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @max: Highest ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between 0 and @max, inclusive. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ static inline int ida_alloc_max(struct ida *ida, unsigned int max, gfp_t gfp) { return ida_alloc_range(ida, 0, max, gfp); } static inline void ida_init(struct ida *ida) { xa_init_flags(&ida->xa, IDA_INIT_FLAGS); } /* * ida_simple_get() and ida_simple_remove() are deprecated. Use * ida_alloc() and ida_free() instead respectively. */ #define ida_simple_get(ida, start, end, gfp) \ ida_alloc_range(ida, start, (end) - 1, gfp) #define ida_simple_remove(ida, id) ida_free(ida, id) static inline bool ida_is_empty(const struct ida *ida) { return xa_empty(&ida->xa); } #endif /* __IDR_H__ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _SCSI_SCSI_CMND_H #define _SCSI_SCSI_CMND_H #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/t10-pi.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <scsi/scsi_device.h> #include <scsi/scsi_request.h> struct Scsi_Host; struct scsi_driver; /* * MAX_COMMAND_SIZE is: * The longest fixed-length SCSI CDB as per the SCSI standard. * fixed-length means: commands that their size can be determined * by their opcode and the CDB does not carry a length specifier, (unlike * the VARIABLE_LENGTH_CMD(0x7f) command). This is actually not exactly * true and the SCSI standard also defines extended commands and * vendor specific commands that can be bigger than 16 bytes. The kernel * will support these using the same infrastructure used for VARLEN CDB's. * So in effect MAX_COMMAND_SIZE means the maximum size command scsi-ml * supports without specifying a cmd_len by ULD's */ #define MAX_COMMAND_SIZE 16 #if (MAX_COMMAND_SIZE > BLK_MAX_CDB) # error MAX_COMMAND_SIZE can not be bigger than BLK_MAX_CDB #endif struct scsi_data_buffer { struct sg_table table; unsigned length; }; /* embedded in scsi_cmnd */ struct scsi_pointer { char *ptr; /* data pointer */ int this_residual; /* left in this buffer */ struct scatterlist *buffer; /* which buffer */ int buffers_residual; /* how many buffers left */ dma_addr_t dma_handle; volatile int Status; volatile int Message; volatile int have_data_in; volatile int sent_command; volatile int phase; }; /* for scmd->flags */ #define SCMD_TAGGED (1 << 0) #define SCMD_UNCHECKED_ISA_DMA (1 << 1) #define SCMD_INITIALIZED (1 << 2) #define SCMD_LAST (1 << 3) /* flags preserved across unprep / reprep */ #define SCMD_PRESERVED_FLAGS (SCMD_UNCHECKED_ISA_DMA | SCMD_INITIALIZED) /* for scmd->state */ #define SCMD_STATE_COMPLETE 0 #define SCMD_STATE_INFLIGHT 1 struct scsi_cmnd { struct scsi_request req; struct scsi_device *device; struct list_head eh_entry; /* entry for the host eh_cmd_q */ struct delayed_work abort_work; struct rcu_head rcu; int eh_eflags; /* Used by error handlr */ /* * This is set to jiffies as it was when the command was first * allocated. It is used to time how long the command has * been outstanding */ unsigned long jiffies_at_alloc; int retries; int allowed; unsigned char prot_op; unsigned char prot_type; unsigned char prot_flags; unsigned short cmd_len; enum dma_data_direction sc_data_direction; /* These elements define the operation we are about to perform */ unsigned char *cmnd; /* These elements define the operation we ultimately want to perform */ struct scsi_data_buffer sdb; struct scsi_data_buffer *prot_sdb; unsigned underflow; /* Return error if less than this amount is transferred */ unsigned transfersize; /* How much we are guaranteed to transfer with each SCSI transfer (ie, between disconnect / reconnects. Probably == sector size */ struct request *request; /* The command we are working on */ unsigned char *sense_buffer; /* obtained by REQUEST SENSE when * CHECK CONDITION is received on original * command (auto-sense). Length must be * SCSI_SENSE_BUFFERSIZE bytes. */ /* Low-level done function - can be used by low-level driver to point * to completion function. Not used by mid/upper level code. */ void (*scsi_done) (struct scsi_cmnd *); /* * The following fields can be written to by the host specific code. * Everything else should be left alone. */ struct scsi_pointer SCp; /* Scratchpad used by some host adapters */ unsigned char *host_scribble; /* The host adapter is allowed to * call scsi_malloc and get some memory * and hang it here. The host adapter * is also expected to call scsi_free * to release this memory. (The memory * obtained by scsi_malloc is guaranteed * to be at an address < 16Mb). */ int result; /* Status code from lower level driver */ int flags; /* Command flags */ unsigned long state; /* Command completion state */ unsigned char tag; /* SCSI-II queued command tag */ unsigned int extra_len; /* length of alignment and padding */ }; /* * Return the driver private allocation behind the command. * Only works if cmd_size is set in the host template. */ static inline void *scsi_cmd_priv(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd + 1; } /* make sure not to use it with passthrough commands */ static inline struct scsi_driver *scsi_cmd_to_driver(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return *(struct scsi_driver **)cmd->request->rq_disk->private_data; } extern void scsi_finish_command(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); extern void *scsi_kmap_atomic_sg(struct scatterlist *sg, int sg_count, size_t *offset, size_t *len); extern void scsi_kunmap_atomic_sg(void *virt); blk_status_t scsi_alloc_sgtables(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); void scsi_free_sgtables(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); #ifdef CONFIG_SCSI_DMA extern int scsi_dma_map(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); extern void scsi_dma_unmap(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); #else /* !CONFIG_SCSI_DMA */ static inline int scsi_dma_map(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void scsi_dma_unmap(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_SCSI_DMA */ static inline unsigned scsi_sg_count(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->sdb.table.nents; } static inline struct scatterlist *scsi_sglist(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->sdb.table.sgl; } static inline unsigned scsi_bufflen(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->sdb.length; } static inline void scsi_set_resid(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, unsigned int resid) { cmd->req.resid_len = resid; } static inline unsigned int scsi_get_resid(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->req.resid_len; } #define scsi_for_each_sg(cmd, sg, nseg, __i) \ for_each_sg(scsi_sglist(cmd), sg, nseg, __i) static inline int scsi_sg_copy_from_buffer(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, void *buf, int buflen) { return sg_copy_from_buffer(scsi_sglist(cmd), scsi_sg_count(cmd), buf, buflen); } static inline int scsi_sg_copy_to_buffer(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, void *buf, int buflen) { return sg_copy_to_buffer(scsi_sglist(cmd), scsi_sg_count(cmd), buf, buflen); } /* * The operations below are hints that tell the controller driver how * to handle I/Os with DIF or similar types of protection information. */ enum scsi_prot_operations { /* Normal I/O */ SCSI_PROT_NORMAL = 0, /* OS-HBA: Protected, HBA-Target: Unprotected */ SCSI_PROT_READ_INSERT, SCSI_PROT_WRITE_STRIP, /* OS-HBA: Unprotected, HBA-Target: Protected */ SCSI_PROT_READ_STRIP, SCSI_PROT_WRITE_INSERT, /* OS-HBA: Protected, HBA-Target: Protected */ SCSI_PROT_READ_PASS, SCSI_PROT_WRITE_PASS, }; static inline void scsi_set_prot_op(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd, unsigned char op) { scmd->prot_op = op; } static inline unsigned char scsi_get_prot_op(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd) { return scmd->prot_op; } enum scsi_prot_flags { SCSI_PROT_TRANSFER_PI = 1 << 0, SCSI_PROT_GUARD_CHECK = 1 << 1, SCSI_PROT_REF_CHECK = 1 << 2, SCSI_PROT_REF_INCREMENT = 1 << 3, SCSI_PROT_IP_CHECKSUM = 1 << 4, }; /* * The controller usually does not know anything about the target it * is communicating with. However, when DIX is enabled the controller * must be know target type so it can verify the protection * information passed along with the I/O. */ enum scsi_prot_target_type { SCSI_PROT_DIF_TYPE0 = 0, SCSI_PROT_DIF_TYPE1, SCSI_PROT_DIF_TYPE2, SCSI_PROT_DIF_TYPE3, }; static inline void scsi_set_prot_type(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd, unsigned char type) { scmd->prot_type = type; } static inline unsigned char scsi_get_prot_type(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd) { return scmd->prot_type; } static inline sector_t scsi_get_lba(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd) { return blk_rq_pos(scmd->request); } static inline unsigned int scsi_prot_interval(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd) { return scmd->device->sector_size; } static inline unsigned scsi_prot_sg_count(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->prot_sdb ? cmd->prot_sdb->table.nents : 0; } static inline struct scatterlist *scsi_prot_sglist(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->prot_sdb ? cmd->prot_sdb->table.sgl : NULL; } static inline struct scsi_data_buffer *scsi_prot(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->prot_sdb; } #define scsi_for_each_prot_sg(cmd, sg, nseg, __i) \ for_each_sg(scsi_prot_sglist(cmd), sg, nseg, __i) static inline void set_msg_byte(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, char status) { cmd->result = (cmd->result & 0xffff00ff) | (status << 8); } static inline void set_host_byte(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, char status) { cmd->result = (cmd->result & 0xff00ffff) | (status << 16); } static inline void set_driver_byte(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, char status) { cmd->result = (cmd->result & 0x00ffffff) | (status << 24); } static inline unsigned scsi_transfer_length(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd) { unsigned int xfer_len = scmd->sdb.length; unsigned int prot_interval = scsi_prot_interval(scmd); if (scmd->prot_flags & SCSI_PROT_TRANSFER_PI) xfer_len += (xfer_len >> ilog2(prot_interval)) * 8; return xfer_len; } #endif /* _SCSI_SCSI_CMND_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * This file is part of the Linux kernel. * * Copyright (c) 2011-2014, Intel Corporation * Authors: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>, * H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com> */ #ifndef ASM_X86_ARCHRANDOM_H #define ASM_X86_ARCHRANDOM_H #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/cpufeature.h> #define RDRAND_RETRY_LOOPS 10 /* Unconditional execution of RDRAND and RDSEED */ static inline bool __must_check rdrand_long(unsigned long *v) { bool ok; unsigned int retry = RDRAND_RETRY_LOOPS; do { asm volatile("rdrand %[out]" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (ok), [out] "=r" (*v)); if (ok) return true; } while (--retry); return false; } static inline bool __must_check rdrand_int(unsigned int *v) { bool ok; unsigned int retry = RDRAND_RETRY_LOOPS; do { asm volatile("rdrand %[out]" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (ok), [out] "=r" (*v)); if (ok) return true; } while (--retry); return false; } static inline bool __must_check rdseed_long(unsigned long *v) { bool ok; asm volatile("rdseed %[out]" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (ok), [out] "=r" (*v)); return ok; } static inline bool __must_check rdseed_int(unsigned int *v) { bool ok; asm volatile("rdseed %[out]" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (ok), [out] "=r" (*v)); return ok; } /* * These are the generic interfaces; they must not be declared if the * stubs in <linux/random.h> are to be invoked, * i.e. CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM is not defined. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM static inline bool __must_check arch_get_random_long(unsigned long *v) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDRAND) ? rdrand_long(v) : false; } static inline bool __must_check arch_get_random_int(unsigned int *v) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDRAND) ? rdrand_int(v) : false; } static inline bool __must_check arch_get_random_seed_long(unsigned long *v) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDSEED) ? rdseed_long(v) : false; } static inline bool __must_check arch_get_random_seed_int(unsigned int *v) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDSEED) ? rdseed_int(v) : false; } extern void x86_init_rdrand(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c); #else /* !CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM */ static inline void x86_init_rdrand(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM */ #endif /* ASM_X86_ARCHRANDOM_H */
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