1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * kref.h - library routines for handling generic reference counted objects * * Copyright (C) 2004 Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com> * Copyright (C) 2004 IBM Corp. * * based on kobject.h which was: * Copyright (C) 2002-2003 Patrick Mochel <mochel@osdl.org> * Copyright (C) 2002-2003 Open Source Development Labs */ #ifndef _KREF_H_ #define _KREF_H_ #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> struct kref { refcount_t refcount; }; #define KREF_INIT(n) { .refcount = REFCOUNT_INIT(n), } /** * kref_init - initialize object. * @kref: object in question. */ static inline void kref_init(struct kref *kref) { refcount_set(&kref->refcount, 1); } static inline unsigned int kref_read(const struct kref *kref) { return refcount_read(&kref->refcount); } /** * kref_get - increment refcount for object. * @kref: object. */ static inline void kref_get(struct kref *kref) { refcount_inc(&kref->refcount); } /** * kref_put - decrement refcount for object. * @kref: object. * @release: pointer to the function that will clean up the object when the * last reference to the object is released. * This pointer is required, and it is not acceptable to pass kfree * in as this function. * * Decrement the refcount, and if 0, call release(). * Return 1 if the object was removed, otherwise return 0. Beware, if this * function returns 0, you still can not count on the kref from remaining in * memory. Only use the return value if you want to see if the kref is now * gone, not present. */ static inline int kref_put(struct kref *kref, void (*release)(struct kref *kref)) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&kref->refcount)) { release(kref); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int kref_put_mutex(struct kref *kref, void (*release)(struct kref *kref), struct mutex *lock) { if (refcount_dec_and_mutex_lock(&kref->refcount, lock)) { release(kref); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int kref_put_lock(struct kref *kref, void (*release)(struct kref *kref), spinlock_t *lock) { if (refcount_dec_and_lock(&kref->refcount, lock)) { release(kref); return 1; } return 0; } /** * kref_get_unless_zero - Increment refcount for object unless it is zero. * @kref: object. * * Return non-zero if the increment succeeded. Otherwise return 0. * * This function is intended to simplify locking around refcounting for * objects that can be looked up from a lookup structure, and which are * removed from that lookup structure in the object destructor. * Operations on such objects require at least a read lock around * lookup + kref_get, and a write lock around kref_put + remove from lookup * structure. Furthermore, RCU implementations become extremely tricky. * With a lookup followed by a kref_get_unless_zero *with return value check* * locking in the kref_put path can be deferred to the actual removal from * the lookup structure and RCU lookups become trivial. */ static inline int __must_check kref_get_unless_zero(struct kref *kref) { return refcount_inc_not_zero(&kref->refcount); } #endif /* _KREF_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Portions of this file * Copyright (C) 2018 Intel Corporation */ #ifndef __NET_WIRELESS_NL80211_H #define __NET_WIRELESS_NL80211_H #include "core.h" int nl80211_init(void); void nl80211_exit(void); void *nl80211hdr_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, int flags, u8 cmd); bool nl80211_put_sta_rate(struct sk_buff *msg, struct rate_info *info, int attr); static inline u64 wdev_id(struct wireless_dev *wdev) { return (u64)wdev->identifier | ((u64)wiphy_to_rdev(wdev->wiphy)->wiphy_idx << 32); } int nl80211_prepare_wdev_dump(struct netlink_callback *cb, struct cfg80211_registered_device **rdev, struct wireless_dev **wdev); int nl80211_parse_chandef(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct genl_info *info, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); int nl80211_parse_random_mac(struct nlattr **attrs, u8 *mac_addr, u8 *mac_addr_mask); void nl80211_notify_wiphy(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, enum nl80211_commands cmd); void nl80211_notify_iface(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, enum nl80211_commands cmd); void nl80211_send_scan_start(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); struct sk_buff *nl80211_build_scan_msg(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, bool aborted); void nl80211_send_scan_msg(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct sk_buff *msg); void nl80211_send_sched_scan(struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request *req, u32 cmd); void nl80211_common_reg_change_event(enum nl80211_commands cmd_id, struct regulatory_request *request); static inline void nl80211_send_reg_change_event(struct regulatory_request *request) { nl80211_common_reg_change_event(NL80211_CMD_REG_CHANGE, request); } static inline void nl80211_send_wiphy_reg_change_event(struct regulatory_request *request) { nl80211_common_reg_change_event(NL80211_CMD_WIPHY_REG_CHANGE, request); } void nl80211_send_rx_auth(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_rx_assoc(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, gfp_t gfp, int uapsd_queues, const u8 *req_ies, size_t req_ies_len); void nl80211_send_deauth(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_disassoc(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_auth_timeout(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *addr, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_assoc_timeout(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *addr, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_connect_result(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, struct cfg80211_connect_resp_params *params, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_roamed(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, struct cfg80211_roam_info *info, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_port_authorized(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *bssid); void nl80211_send_disconnected(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, u16 reason, const u8 *ie, size_t ie_len, bool from_ap); void nl80211_michael_mic_failure(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *addr, enum nl80211_key_type key_type, int key_id, const u8 *tsc, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_beacon_hint_event(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct ieee80211_channel *channel_before, struct ieee80211_channel *channel_after); void nl80211_send_ibss_bssid(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *bssid, gfp_t gfp); int nl80211_send_mgmt(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, u32 nlpid, int freq, int sig_dbm, const u8 *buf, size_t len, u32 flags, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_radar_notify(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, enum nl80211_radar_event event, struct net_device *netdev, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_ap_stopped(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_rdev_free_coalesce(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); /* peer measurement */ int nl80211_pmsr_start(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int nl80211_pmsr_dump_results(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb); #endif /* __NET_WIRELESS_NL80211_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * include/linux/idr.h * * 2002-10-18 written by Jim Houston jim.houston@ccur.com * Copyright (C) 2002 by Concurrent Computer Corporation * * Small id to pointer translation service avoiding fixed sized * tables. */ #ifndef __IDR_H__ #define __IDR_H__ #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> struct idr { struct radix_tree_root idr_rt; unsigned int idr_base; unsigned int idr_next; }; /* * The IDR API does not expose the tagging functionality of the radix tree * to users. Use tag 0 to track whether a node has free space below it. */ #define IDR_FREE 0 /* Set the IDR flag and the IDR_FREE tag */ #define IDR_RT_MARKER (ROOT_IS_IDR | (__force gfp_t) \ (1 << (ROOT_TAG_SHIFT + IDR_FREE))) #define IDR_INIT_BASE(name, base) { \ .idr_rt = RADIX_TREE_INIT(name, IDR_RT_MARKER), \ .idr_base = (base), \ .idr_next = 0, \ } /** * IDR_INIT() - Initialise an IDR. * @name: Name of IDR. * * A freshly-initialised IDR contains no IDs. */ #define IDR_INIT(name) IDR_INIT_BASE(name, 0) /** * DEFINE_IDR() - Define a statically-allocated IDR. * @name: Name of IDR. * * An IDR defined using this macro is ready for use with no additional * initialisation required. It contains no IDs. */ #define DEFINE_IDR(name) struct idr name = IDR_INIT(name) /** * idr_get_cursor - Return the current position of the cyclic allocator * @idr: idr handle * * The value returned is the value that will be next returned from * idr_alloc_cyclic() if it is free (otherwise the search will start from * this position). */ static inline unsigned int idr_get_cursor(const struct idr *idr) { return READ_ONCE(idr->idr_next); } /** * idr_set_cursor - Set the current position of the cyclic allocator * @idr: idr handle * @val: new position * * The next call to idr_alloc_cyclic() will return @val if it is free * (otherwise the search will start from this position). */ static inline void idr_set_cursor(struct idr *idr, unsigned int val) { WRITE_ONCE(idr->idr_next, val); } /** * DOC: idr sync * idr synchronization (stolen from radix-tree.h) * * idr_find() is able to be called locklessly, using RCU. The caller must * ensure calls to this function are made within rcu_read_lock() regions. * Other readers (lock-free or otherwise) and modifications may be running * concurrently. * * It is still required that the caller manage the synchronization and * lifetimes of the items. So if RCU lock-free lookups are used, typically * this would mean that the items have their own locks, or are amenable to * lock-free access; and that the items are freed by RCU (or only freed after * having been deleted from the idr tree *and* a synchronize_rcu() grace * period). */ #define idr_lock(idr) xa_lock(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_unlock(idr) xa_unlock(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_lock_bh(idr) xa_lock_bh(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_unlock_bh(idr) xa_unlock_bh(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_lock_irq(idr) xa_lock_irq(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_unlock_irq(idr) xa_unlock_irq(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_lock_irqsave(idr, flags) \ xa_lock_irqsave(&(idr)->idr_rt, flags) #define idr_unlock_irqrestore(idr, flags) \ xa_unlock_irqrestore(&(idr)->idr_rt, flags) void idr_preload(gfp_t gfp_mask); int idr_alloc(struct idr *, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t); int __must_check idr_alloc_u32(struct idr *, void *ptr, u32 *id, unsigned long max, gfp_t); int idr_alloc_cyclic(struct idr *, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t); void *idr_remove(struct idr *, unsigned long id); void *idr_find(const struct idr *, unsigned long id); int idr_for_each(const struct idr *, int (*fn)(int id, void *p, void *data), void *data); void *idr_get_next(struct idr *, int *nextid); void *idr_get_next_ul(struct idr *, unsigned long *nextid); void *idr_replace(struct idr *, void *, unsigned long id); void idr_destroy(struct idr *); /** * idr_init_base() - Initialise an IDR. * @idr: IDR handle. * @base: The base value for the IDR. * * This variation of idr_init() creates an IDR which will allocate IDs * starting at %base. */ static inline void idr_init_base(struct idr *idr, int base) { INIT_RADIX_TREE(&idr->idr_rt, IDR_RT_MARKER); idr->idr_base = base; idr->idr_next = 0; } /** * idr_init() - Initialise an IDR. * @idr: IDR handle. * * Initialise a dynamically allocated IDR. To initialise a * statically allocated IDR, use DEFINE_IDR(). */ static inline void idr_init(struct idr *idr) { idr_init_base(idr, 0); } /** * idr_is_empty() - Are there any IDs allocated? * @idr: IDR handle. * * Return: %true if any IDs have been allocated from this IDR. */ static inline bool idr_is_empty(const struct idr *idr) { return radix_tree_empty(&idr->idr_rt) && radix_tree_tagged(&idr->idr_rt, IDR_FREE); } /** * idr_preload_end - end preload section started with idr_preload() * * Each idr_preload() should be matched with an invocation of this * function. See idr_preload() for details. */ static inline void idr_preload_end(void) { local_unlock(&radix_tree_preloads.lock); } /** * idr_for_each_entry() - Iterate over an IDR's elements of a given type. * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as cursor * @id: Entry ID. * * @entry and @id do not need to be initialized before the loop, and * after normal termination @entry is left with the value NULL. This * is convenient for a "not found" value. */ #define idr_for_each_entry(idr, entry, id) \ for (id = 0; ((entry) = idr_get_next(idr, &(id))) != NULL; id += 1U) /** * idr_for_each_entry_ul() - Iterate over an IDR's elements of a given type. * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as cursor. * @tmp: A temporary placeholder for ID. * @id: Entry ID. * * @entry and @id do not need to be initialized before the loop, and * after normal termination @entry is left with the value NULL. This * is convenient for a "not found" value. */ #define idr_for_each_entry_ul(idr, entry, tmp, id) \ for (tmp = 0, id = 0; \ tmp <= id && ((entry) = idr_get_next_ul(idr, &(id))) != NULL; \ tmp = id, ++id) /** * idr_for_each_entry_continue() - Continue iteration over an IDR's elements of a given type * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as a cursor. * @id: Entry ID. * * Continue to iterate over entries, continuing after the current position. */ #define idr_for_each_entry_continue(idr, entry, id) \ for ((entry) = idr_get_next((idr), &(id)); \ entry; \ ++id, (entry) = idr_get_next((idr), &(id))) /** * idr_for_each_entry_continue_ul() - Continue iteration over an IDR's elements of a given type * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as a cursor. * @tmp: A temporary placeholder for ID. * @id: Entry ID. * * Continue to iterate over entries, continuing after the current position. */ #define idr_for_each_entry_continue_ul(idr, entry, tmp, id) \ for (tmp = id; \ tmp <= id && ((entry) = idr_get_next_ul(idr, &(id))) != NULL; \ tmp = id, ++id) /* * IDA - ID Allocator, use when translation from id to pointer isn't necessary. */ #define IDA_CHUNK_SIZE 128 /* 128 bytes per chunk */ #define IDA_BITMAP_LONGS (IDA_CHUNK_SIZE / sizeof(long)) #define IDA_BITMAP_BITS (IDA_BITMAP_LONGS * sizeof(long) * 8) struct ida_bitmap { unsigned long bitmap[IDA_BITMAP_LONGS]; }; struct ida { struct xarray xa; }; #define IDA_INIT_FLAGS (XA_FLAGS_LOCK_IRQ | XA_FLAGS_ALLOC) #define IDA_INIT(name) { \ .xa = XARRAY_INIT(name, IDA_INIT_FLAGS) \ } #define DEFINE_IDA(name) struct ida name = IDA_INIT(name) int ida_alloc_range(struct ida *, unsigned int min, unsigned int max, gfp_t); void ida_free(struct ida *, unsigned int id); void ida_destroy(struct ida *ida); /** * ida_alloc() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between 0 and %INT_MAX, inclusive. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ static inline int ida_alloc(struct ida *ida, gfp_t gfp) { return ida_alloc_range(ida, 0, ~0, gfp); } /** * ida_alloc_min() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @min: Lowest ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between @min and %INT_MAX, inclusive. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ static inline int ida_alloc_min(struct ida *ida, unsigned int min, gfp_t gfp) { return ida_alloc_range(ida, min, ~0, gfp); } /** * ida_alloc_max() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @max: Highest ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between 0 and @max, inclusive. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ static inline int ida_alloc_max(struct ida *ida, unsigned int max, gfp_t gfp) { return ida_alloc_range(ida, 0, max, gfp); } static inline void ida_init(struct ida *ida) { xa_init_flags(&ida->xa, IDA_INIT_FLAGS); } /* * ida_simple_get() and ida_simple_remove() are deprecated. Use * ida_alloc() and ida_free() instead respectively. */ #define ida_simple_get(ida, start, end, gfp) \ ida_alloc_range(ida, start, (end) - 1, gfp) #define ida_simple_remove(ida, id) ida_free(ida, id) static inline bool ida_is_empty(const struct ida *ida) { return xa_empty(&ida->xa); } #endif /* __IDR_H__ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __ASM_X86_XSAVE_H #define __ASM_X86_XSAVE_H #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/user.h> /* Bit 63 of XCR0 is reserved for future expansion */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_EXTEND (~(XFEATURE_MASK_FPSSE | (1ULL << 63))) #define XSTATE_CPUID 0x0000000d #define FXSAVE_SIZE 512 #define XSAVE_HDR_SIZE 64 #define XSAVE_HDR_OFFSET FXSAVE_SIZE #define XSAVE_YMM_SIZE 256 #define XSAVE_YMM_OFFSET (XSAVE_HDR_SIZE + XSAVE_HDR_OFFSET) #define XSAVE_ALIGNMENT 64 /* All currently supported user features */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_USER_SUPPORTED (XFEATURE_MASK_FP | \ XFEATURE_MASK_SSE | \ XFEATURE_MASK_YMM | \ XFEATURE_MASK_OPMASK | \ XFEATURE_MASK_ZMM_Hi256 | \ XFEATURE_MASK_Hi16_ZMM | \ XFEATURE_MASK_PKRU | \ XFEATURE_MASK_BNDREGS | \ XFEATURE_MASK_BNDCSR) /* All currently supported supervisor features */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_SUPPORTED (XFEATURE_MASK_PASID) /* * A supervisor state component may not always contain valuable information, * and its size may be huge. Saving/restoring such supervisor state components * at each context switch can cause high CPU and space overhead, which should * be avoided. Such supervisor state components should only be saved/restored * on demand. The on-demand dynamic supervisor features are set in this mask. * * Unlike the existing supported supervisor features, a dynamic supervisor * feature does not allocate a buffer in task->fpu, and the corresponding * supervisor state component cannot be saved/restored at each context switch. * * To support a dynamic supervisor feature, a developer should follow the * dos and don'ts as below: * - Do dynamically allocate a buffer for the supervisor state component. * - Do manually invoke the XSAVES/XRSTORS instruction to save/restore the * state component to/from the buffer. * - Don't set the bit corresponding to the dynamic supervisor feature in * IA32_XSS at run time, since it has been set at boot time. */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_DYNAMIC (XFEATURE_MASK_LBR) /* * Unsupported supervisor features. When a supervisor feature in this mask is * supported in the future, move it to the supported supervisor feature mask. */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_UNSUPPORTED (XFEATURE_MASK_PT) /* All supervisor states including supported and unsupported states. */ #define XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_ALL (XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_SUPPORTED | \ XFEATURE_MASK_DYNAMIC | \ XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_UNSUPPORTED) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #define REX_PREFIX "0x48, " #else #define REX_PREFIX #endif extern u64 xfeatures_mask_all; static inline u64 xfeatures_mask_supervisor(void) { return xfeatures_mask_all & XFEATURE_MASK_SUPERVISOR_SUPPORTED; } static inline u64 xfeatures_mask_user(void) { return xfeatures_mask_all & XFEATURE_MASK_USER_SUPPORTED; } static inline u64 xfeatures_mask_dynamic(void) { if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_ARCH_LBR)) return XFEATURE_MASK_DYNAMIC & ~XFEATURE_MASK_LBR; return XFEATURE_MASK_DYNAMIC; } extern u64 xstate_fx_sw_bytes[USER_XSTATE_FX_SW_WORDS]; extern void __init update_regset_xstate_info(unsigned int size, u64 xstate_mask); void *get_xsave_addr(struct xregs_state *xsave, int xfeature_nr); const void *get_xsave_field_ptr(int xfeature_nr); int using_compacted_format(void); int xfeature_size(int xfeature_nr); struct membuf; void copy_xstate_to_kernel(struct membuf to, struct xregs_state *xsave); int copy_kernel_to_xstate(struct xregs_state *xsave, const void *kbuf); int copy_user_to_xstate(struct xregs_state *xsave, const void __user *ubuf); void copy_supervisor_to_kernel(struct xregs_state *xsave); void copy_dynamic_supervisor_to_kernel(struct xregs_state *xstate, u64 mask); void copy_kernel_to_dynamic_supervisor(struct xregs_state *xstate, u64 mask); /* Validate an xstate header supplied by userspace (ptrace or sigreturn) */ int validate_user_xstate_header(const struct xstate_header *hdr); #endif
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/file_table.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * Copyright (C) 1997 David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu) */ #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/eventpoll.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/cdev.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/ima.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include "internal.h" /* sysctl tunables... */ struct files_stat_struct files_stat = { .max_files = NR_FILE }; /* SLAB cache for file structures */ static struct kmem_cache *filp_cachep __read_mostly; static struct percpu_counter nr_files __cacheline_aligned_in_smp; static void file_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head) { struct file *f = container_of(head, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead); put_cred(f->f_cred); kmem_cache_free(filp_cachep, f); } static inline void file_free(struct file *f) { security_file_free(f); if (!(f->f_mode & FMODE_NOACCOUNT)) percpu_counter_dec(&nr_files); call_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead, file_free_rcu); } /* * Return the total number of open files in the system */ static long get_nr_files(void) { return percpu_counter_read_positive(&nr_files); } /* * Return the maximum number of open files in the system */ unsigned long get_max_files(void) { return files_stat.max_files; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_max_files); /* * Handle nr_files sysctl */ #if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { files_stat.nr_files = get_nr_files(); return proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } #else int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { return -ENOSYS; } #endif static struct file *__alloc_file(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f; int error; f = kmem_cache_zalloc(filp_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!f)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); f->f_cred = get_cred(cred); error = security_file_alloc(f); if (unlikely(error)) { file_free_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead); return ERR_PTR(error); } atomic_long_set(&f->f_count, 1); rwlock_init(&f->f_owner.lock); spin_lock_init(&f->f_lock); mutex_init(&f->f_pos_lock); eventpoll_init_file(f); f->f_flags = flags; f->f_mode = OPEN_FMODE(flags); /* f->f_version: 0 */ return f; } /* Find an unused file structure and return a pointer to it. * Returns an error pointer if some error happend e.g. we over file * structures limit, run out of memory or operation is not permitted. * * Be very careful using this. You are responsible for * getting write access to any mount that you might assign * to this filp, if it is opened for write. If this is not * done, you will imbalance int the mount's writer count * and a warning at __fput() time. */ struct file *alloc_empty_file(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { static long old_max; struct file *f; /* * Privileged users can go above max_files */ if (get_nr_files() >= files_stat.max_files && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { /* * percpu_counters are inaccurate. Do an expensive check before * we go and fail. */ if (percpu_counter_sum_positive(&nr_files) >= files_stat.max_files) goto over; } f = __alloc_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) percpu_counter_inc(&nr_files); return f; over: /* Ran out of filps - report that */ if (get_nr_files() > old_max) { pr_info("VFS: file-max limit %lu reached\n", get_max_files()); old_max = get_nr_files(); } return ERR_PTR(-ENFILE); } /* * Variant of alloc_empty_file() that doesn't check and modify nr_files. * * Should not be used unless there's a very good reason to do so. */ struct file *alloc_empty_file_noaccount(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f = __alloc_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_NOACCOUNT; return f; } /** * alloc_file - allocate and initialize a 'struct file' * * @path: the (dentry, vfsmount) pair for the new file * @flags: O_... flags with which the new file will be opened * @fop: the 'struct file_operations' for the new file */ static struct file *alloc_file(const struct path *path, int flags, const struct file_operations *fop) { struct file *file; file = alloc_empty_file(flags, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) return file; file->f_path = *path; file->f_inode = path->dentry->d_inode; file->f_mapping = path->dentry->d_inode->i_mapping; file->f_wb_err = filemap_sample_wb_err(file->f_mapping); file->f_sb_err = file_sample_sb_err(file); if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) && likely(fop->read || fop->read_iter)) file->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_READ; if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && likely(fop->write || fop->write_iter)) file->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_WRITE; file->f_mode |= FMODE_OPENED; file->f_op = fop; if ((file->f_mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_inc(path->dentry->d_inode); return file; } struct file *alloc_file_pseudo(struct inode *inode, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, int flags, const struct file_operations *fops) { static const struct dentry_operations anon_ops = { .d_dname = simple_dname }; struct qstr this = QSTR_INIT(name, strlen(name)); struct path path; struct file *file; path.dentry = d_alloc_pseudo(mnt->mnt_sb, &this); if (!path.dentry) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!mnt->mnt_sb->s_d_op) d_set_d_op(path.dentry, &anon_ops); path.mnt = mntget(mnt); d_instantiate(path.dentry, inode); file = alloc_file(&path, flags, fops); if (IS_ERR(file)) { ihold(inode); path_put(&path); } return file; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_file_pseudo); struct file *alloc_file_clone(struct file *base, int flags, const struct file_operations *fops) { struct file *f = alloc_file(&base->f_path, flags, fops); if (!IS_ERR(f)) { path_get(&f->f_path); f->f_mapping = base->f_mapping; } return f; } /* the real guts of fput() - releasing the last reference to file */ static void __fput(struct file *file) { struct dentry *dentry = file->f_path.dentry; struct vfsmount *mnt = file->f_path.mnt; struct inode *inode = file->f_inode; fmode_t mode = file->f_mode; if (unlikely(!(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED))) goto out; might_sleep(); fsnotify_close(file); /* * The function eventpoll_release() should be the first called * in the file cleanup chain. */ eventpoll_release(file); locks_remove_file(file); ima_file_free(file); if (unlikely(file->f_flags & FASYNC)) { if (file->f_op->fasync) file->f_op->fasync(-1, file, 0); } if (file->f_op->release) file->f_op->release(inode, file); if (unlikely(S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && inode->i_cdev != NULL && !(mode & FMODE_PATH))) { cdev_put(inode->i_cdev); } fops_put(file->f_op); put_pid(file->f_owner.pid); if ((mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_dec(inode); if (mode & FMODE_WRITER) { put_write_access(inode); __mnt_drop_write(mnt); } dput(dentry); if (unlikely(mode & FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT)) dissolve_on_fput(mnt); mntput(mnt); out: file_free(file); } static LLIST_HEAD(delayed_fput_list); static void delayed_fput(struct work_struct *unused) { struct llist_node *node = llist_del_all(&delayed_fput_list); struct file *f, *t; llist_for_each_entry_safe(f, t, node, f_u.fu_llist) __fput(f); } static void ____fput(struct callback_head *work) { __fput(container_of(work, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead)); } /* * If kernel thread really needs to have the final fput() it has done * to complete, call this. The only user right now is the boot - we * *do* need to make sure our writes to binaries on initramfs has * not left us with opened struct file waiting for __fput() - execve() * won't work without that. Please, don't add more callers without * very good reasons; in particular, never call that with locks * held and never call that from a thread that might need to do * some work on any kind of umount. */ void flush_delayed_fput(void) { delayed_fput(NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(flush_delayed_fput); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(delayed_fput_work, delayed_fput); void fput_many(struct file *file, unsigned int refs) { if (atomic_long_sub_and_test(refs, &file->f_count)) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(!in_interrupt() && !(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))) { init_task_work(&file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, ____fput); if (!task_work_add(task, &file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, TWA_RESUME)) return; /* * After this task has run exit_task_work(), * task_work_add() will fail. Fall through to delayed * fput to avoid leaking *file. */ } if (llist_add(&file->f_u.fu_llist, &delayed_fput_list)) schedule_delayed_work(&delayed_fput_work, 1); } } void fput(struct file *file) { fput_many(file, 1); } /* * synchronous analog of fput(); for kernel threads that might be needed * in some umount() (and thus can't use flush_delayed_fput() without * risking deadlocks), need to wait for completion of __fput() and know * for this specific struct file it won't involve anything that would * need them. Use only if you really need it - at the very least, * don't blindly convert fput() by kernel thread to that. */ void __fput_sync(struct file *file) { if (atomic_long_dec_and_test(&file->f_count)) { struct task_struct *task = current; BUG_ON(!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)); __fput(file); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fput); void __init files_init(void) { filp_cachep = kmem_cache_create("filp", sizeof(struct file), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC | SLAB_ACCOUNT, NULL); percpu_counter_init(&nr_files, 0, GFP_KERNEL); } /* * One file with associated inode and dcache is very roughly 1K. Per default * do not use more than 10% of our memory for files. */ void __init files_maxfiles_init(void) { unsigned long n; unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages(); unsigned long memreserve = (nr_pages - nr_free_pages()) * 3/2; memreserve = min(memreserve, nr_pages - 1); n = ((nr_pages - memreserve) * (PAGE_SIZE / 1024)) / 10; files_stat.max_files = max_t(unsigned long, n, NR_FILE); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_KDEV_T_H #define _LINUX_KDEV_T_H #include <uapi/linux/kdev_t.h> #define MINORBITS 20 #define MINORMASK ((1U << MINORBITS) - 1) #define MAJOR(dev) ((unsigned int) ((dev) >> MINORBITS)) #define MINOR(dev) ((unsigned int) ((dev) & MINORMASK)) #define MKDEV(ma,mi) (((ma) << MINORBITS) | (mi)) #define print_dev_t(buffer, dev) \ sprintf((buffer), "%u:%u\n", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev)) #define format_dev_t(buffer, dev) \ ({ \ sprintf(buffer, "%u:%u", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev)); \ buffer; \ }) /* acceptable for old filesystems */ static __always_inline bool old_valid_dev(dev_t dev) { return MAJOR(dev) < 256 && MINOR(dev) < 256; } static __always_inline u16 old_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { return (MAJOR(dev) << 8) | MINOR(dev); } static __always_inline dev_t old_decode_dev(u16 val) { return MKDEV((val >> 8) & 255, val & 255); } static __always_inline u32 new_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { unsigned major = MAJOR(dev); unsigned minor = MINOR(dev); return (minor & 0xff) | (major << 8) | ((minor & ~0xff) << 12); } static __always_inline dev_t new_decode_dev(u32 dev) { unsigned major = (dev & 0xfff00) >> 8; unsigned minor = (dev & 0xff) | ((dev >> 12) & 0xfff00); return MKDEV(major, minor); } static __always_inline u64 huge_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { return new_encode_dev(dev); } static __always_inline dev_t huge_decode_dev(u64 dev) { return new_decode_dev(dev); } static __always_inline int sysv_valid_dev(dev_t dev) { return MAJOR(dev) < (1<<14) && MINOR(dev) < (1<<18); } static __always_inline u32 sysv_encode_dev(dev_t dev) { return MINOR(dev) | (MAJOR(dev) << 18); } static __always_inline unsigned sysv_major(u32 dev) { return (dev >> 18) & 0x3fff; } static __always_inline unsigned sysv_minor(u32 dev) { return dev & 0x3ffff; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * A security identifier table (sidtab) is a lookup table * of security context structures indexed by SID value. * * Original author: Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> * Author: Ondrej Mosnacek, <omosnacek@gmail.com> * * Copyright (C) 2018 Red Hat, Inc. */ #ifndef _SS_SIDTAB_H_ #define _SS_SIDTAB_H_ #include <linux/spinlock_types.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <linux/hashtable.h> #include "context.h" struct sidtab_entry { u32 sid; u32 hash; struct context context; #if CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 struct sidtab_str_cache __rcu *cache; #endif struct hlist_node list; }; union sidtab_entry_inner { struct sidtab_node_inner *ptr_inner; struct sidtab_node_leaf *ptr_leaf; }; /* align node size to page boundary */ #define SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SHIFT PAGE_SHIFT #define SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SIZE PAGE_SIZE #define size_to_shift(size) ((size) == 1 ? 1 : (const_ilog2((size) - 1) + 1)) #define SIDTAB_INNER_SHIFT \ (SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SHIFT - size_to_shift(sizeof(union sidtab_entry_inner))) #define SIDTAB_INNER_ENTRIES ((size_t)1 << SIDTAB_INNER_SHIFT) #define SIDTAB_LEAF_ENTRIES \ (SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SIZE / sizeof(struct sidtab_entry)) #define SIDTAB_MAX_BITS 32 #define SIDTAB_MAX U32_MAX /* ensure enough tree levels for SIDTAB_MAX entries */ #define SIDTAB_MAX_LEVEL \ DIV_ROUND_UP(SIDTAB_MAX_BITS - size_to_shift(SIDTAB_LEAF_ENTRIES), \ SIDTAB_INNER_SHIFT) struct sidtab_node_leaf { struct sidtab_entry entries[SIDTAB_LEAF_ENTRIES]; }; struct sidtab_node_inner { union sidtab_entry_inner entries[SIDTAB_INNER_ENTRIES]; }; struct sidtab_isid_entry { int set; struct sidtab_entry entry; }; struct sidtab_convert_params { int (*func)(struct context *oldc, struct context *newc, void *args); void *args; struct sidtab *target; }; #define SIDTAB_HASH_BITS CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SIDTAB_HASH_BITS #define SIDTAB_HASH_BUCKETS (1 << SIDTAB_HASH_BITS) struct sidtab { /* * lock-free read access only for as many items as a prior read of * 'count' */ union sidtab_entry_inner roots[SIDTAB_MAX_LEVEL + 1]; /* * access atomically via {READ|WRITE}_ONCE(); only increment under * spinlock */ u32 count; /* access only under spinlock */ struct sidtab_convert_params *convert; bool frozen; spinlock_t lock; #if CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 /* SID -> context string cache */ u32 cache_free_slots; struct list_head cache_lru_list; spinlock_t cache_lock; #endif /* index == SID - 1 (no entry for SECSID_NULL) */ struct sidtab_isid_entry isids[SECINITSID_NUM]; /* Hash table for fast reverse context-to-sid lookups. */ DECLARE_HASHTABLE(context_to_sid, SIDTAB_HASH_BITS); }; int sidtab_init(struct sidtab *s); int sidtab_set_initial(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid, struct context *context); struct sidtab_entry *sidtab_search_entry(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid); struct sidtab_entry *sidtab_search_entry_force(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid); static inline struct context *sidtab_search(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid) { struct sidtab_entry *entry = sidtab_search_entry(s, sid); return entry ? &entry->context : NULL; } static inline struct context *sidtab_search_force(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid) { struct sidtab_entry *entry = sidtab_search_entry_force(s, sid); return entry ? &entry->context : NULL; } int sidtab_convert(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_convert_params *params); void sidtab_cancel_convert(struct sidtab *s); void sidtab_freeze_begin(struct sidtab *s, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(&s->lock); void sidtab_freeze_end(struct sidtab *s, unsigned long *flags) __releases(&s->lock); int sidtab_context_to_sid(struct sidtab *s, struct context *context, u32 *sid); void sidtab_destroy(struct sidtab *s); int sidtab_hash_stats(struct sidtab *sidtab, char *page); #if CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 void sidtab_sid2str_put(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, const char *str, u32 str_len); int sidtab_sid2str_get(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, char **out, u32 *out_len); #else static inline void sidtab_sid2str_put(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, const char *str, u32 str_len) { } static inline int sidtab_sid2str_get(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, char **out, u32 *out_len) { return -ENOENT; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 */ #endif /* _SS_SIDTAB_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _KERNEL_EVENTS_INTERNAL_H #define _KERNEL_EVENTS_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> /* Buffer handling */ #define RING_BUFFER_WRITABLE 0x01 struct perf_buffer { refcount_t refcount; struct rcu_head rcu_head; #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_USE_VMALLOC struct work_struct work; int page_order; /* allocation order */ #endif int nr_pages; /* nr of data pages */ int overwrite; /* can overwrite itself */ int paused; /* can write into ring buffer */ atomic_t poll; /* POLL_ for wakeups */ local_t head; /* write position */ unsigned int nest; /* nested writers */ local_t events; /* event limit */ local_t wakeup; /* wakeup stamp */ local_t lost; /* nr records lost */ long watermark; /* wakeup watermark */ long aux_watermark; /* poll crap */ spinlock_t event_lock; struct list_head event_list; atomic_t mmap_count; unsigned long mmap_locked; struct user_struct *mmap_user; /* AUX area */ long aux_head; unsigned int aux_nest; long aux_wakeup; /* last aux_watermark boundary crossed by aux_head */ unsigned long aux_pgoff; int aux_nr_pages; int aux_overwrite; atomic_t aux_mmap_count; unsigned long aux_mmap_locked; void (*free_aux)(void *); refcount_t aux_refcount; int aux_in_sampling; void **aux_pages; void *aux_priv; struct perf_event_mmap_page *user_page; void *data_pages[]; }; extern void rb_free(struct perf_buffer *rb); static inline void rb_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu_head) { struct perf_buffer *rb; rb = container_of(rcu_head, struct perf_buffer, rcu_head); rb_free(rb); } static inline void rb_toggle_paused(struct perf_buffer *rb, bool pause) { if (!pause && rb->nr_pages) rb->paused = 0; else rb->paused = 1; } extern struct perf_buffer * rb_alloc(int nr_pages, long watermark, int cpu, int flags); extern void perf_event_wakeup(struct perf_event *event); extern int rb_alloc_aux(struct perf_buffer *rb, struct perf_event *event, pgoff_t pgoff, int nr_pages, long watermark, int flags); extern void rb_free_aux(struct perf_buffer *rb); extern struct perf_buffer *ring_buffer_get(struct perf_event *event); extern void ring_buffer_put(struct perf_buffer *rb); static inline bool rb_has_aux(struct perf_buffer *rb) { return !!rb->aux_nr_pages; } void perf_event_aux_event(struct perf_event *event, unsigned long head, unsigned long size, u64 flags); extern struct page * perf_mmap_to_page(struct perf_buffer *rb, unsigned long pgoff); #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_USE_VMALLOC /* * Back perf_mmap() with vmalloc memory. * * Required for architectures that have d-cache aliasing issues. */ static inline int page_order(struct perf_buffer *rb) { return rb->page_order; } #else static inline int page_order(struct perf_buffer *rb) { return 0; } #endif static inline unsigned long perf_data_size(struct perf_buffer *rb) { return rb->nr_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT + page_order(rb)); } static inline unsigned long perf_aux_size(struct perf_buffer *rb) { return rb->aux_nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT; } #define __DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY_BODY(advance_buf, memcpy_func, ...) \ { \ unsigned long size, written; \ \ do { \ size = min(handle->size, len); \ written = memcpy_func(__VA_ARGS__); \ written = size - written; \ \ len -= written; \ handle->addr += written; \ if (advance_buf) \ buf += written; \ handle->size -= written; \ if (!handle->size) { \ struct perf_buffer *rb = handle->rb; \ \ handle->page++; \ handle->page &= rb->nr_pages - 1; \ handle->addr = rb->data_pages[handle->page]; \ handle->size = PAGE_SIZE << page_order(rb); \ } \ } while (len && written == size); \ \ return len; \ } #define DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY(func_name, memcpy_func) \ static inline unsigned long \ func_name(struct perf_output_handle *handle, \ const void *buf, unsigned long len) \ __DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY_BODY(true, memcpy_func, handle->addr, buf, size) static inline unsigned long __output_custom(struct perf_output_handle *handle, perf_copy_f copy_func, const void *buf, unsigned long len) { unsigned long orig_len = len; __DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY_BODY(false, copy_func, handle->addr, buf, orig_len - len, size) } static inline unsigned long memcpy_common(void *dst, const void *src, unsigned long n) { memcpy(dst, src, n); return 0; } DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY(__output_copy, memcpy_common) static inline unsigned long memcpy_skip(void *dst, const void *src, unsigned long n) { return 0; } DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY(__output_skip, memcpy_skip) #ifndef arch_perf_out_copy_user #define arch_perf_out_copy_user arch_perf_out_copy_user static inline unsigned long arch_perf_out_copy_user(void *dst, const void *src, unsigned long n) { unsigned long ret; pagefault_disable(); ret = __copy_from_user_inatomic(dst, src, n); pagefault_enable(); return ret; } #endif DEFINE_OUTPUT_COPY(__output_copy_user, arch_perf_out_copy_user) static inline int get_recursion_context(int *recursion) { unsigned int pc = preempt_count(); unsigned char rctx = 0; rctx += !!(pc & (NMI_MASK)); rctx += !!(pc & (NMI_MASK | HARDIRQ_MASK)); rctx += !!(pc & (NMI_MASK | HARDIRQ_MASK | SOFTIRQ_OFFSET)); if (recursion[rctx]) return -1; recursion[rctx]++; barrier(); return rctx; } static inline void put_recursion_context(int *recursion, int rctx) { barrier(); recursion[rctx]--; } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_PERF_USER_STACK_DUMP static inline bool arch_perf_have_user_stack_dump(void) { return true; } #define perf_user_stack_pointer(regs) user_stack_pointer(regs) #else static inline bool arch_perf_have_user_stack_dump(void) { return false; } #define perf_user_stack_pointer(regs) 0 #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_PERF_USER_STACK_DUMP */ #endif /* _KERNEL_EVENTS_INTERNAL_H */
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1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053 1054 1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 1066 1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086 1087 1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175 1176 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181 1182 1183 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199 1200 1201 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/file.c * * Copyright (C) 1998-1999, Stephen Tweedie and Bill Hawes * * Manage the dynamic fd arrays in the process files_struct. */ #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/close_range.h> #include <net/sock.h> unsigned int sysctl_nr_open __read_mostly = 1024*1024; unsigned int sysctl_nr_open_min = BITS_PER_LONG; /* our min() is unusable in constant expressions ;-/ */ #define __const_min(x, y) ((x) < (y) ? (x) : (y)) unsigned int sysctl_nr_open_max = __const_min(INT_MAX, ~(size_t)0/sizeof(void *)) & -BITS_PER_LONG; static void __free_fdtable(struct fdtable *fdt) { kvfree(fdt->fd); kvfree(fdt->open_fds); kfree(fdt); } static void free_fdtable_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu) { __free_fdtable(container_of(rcu, struct fdtable, rcu)); } #define BITBIT_NR(nr) BITS_TO_LONGS(BITS_TO_LONGS(nr)) #define BITBIT_SIZE(nr) (BITBIT_NR(nr) * sizeof(long)) /* * Copy 'count' fd bits from the old table to the new table and clear the extra * space if any. This does not copy the file pointers. Called with the files * spinlock held for write. */ static void copy_fd_bitmaps(struct fdtable *nfdt, struct fdtable *ofdt, unsigned int count) { unsigned int cpy, set; cpy = count / BITS_PER_BYTE; set = (nfdt->max_fds - count) / BITS_PER_BYTE; memcpy(nfdt->open_fds, ofdt->open_fds, cpy); memset((char *)nfdt->open_fds + cpy, 0, set); memcpy(nfdt->close_on_exec, ofdt->close_on_exec, cpy); memset((char *)nfdt->close_on_exec + cpy, 0, set); cpy = BITBIT_SIZE(count); set = BITBIT_SIZE(nfdt->max_fds) - cpy; memcpy(nfdt->full_fds_bits, ofdt->full_fds_bits, cpy); memset((char *)nfdt->full_fds_bits + cpy, 0, set); } /* * Copy all file descriptors from the old table to the new, expanded table and * clear the extra space. Called with the files spinlock held for write. */ static void copy_fdtable(struct fdtable *nfdt, struct fdtable *ofdt) { size_t cpy, set; BUG_ON(nfdt->max_fds < ofdt->max_fds); cpy = ofdt->max_fds * sizeof(struct file *); set = (nfdt->max_fds - ofdt->max_fds) * sizeof(struct file *); memcpy(nfdt->fd, ofdt->fd, cpy); memset((char *)nfdt->fd + cpy, 0, set); copy_fd_bitmaps(nfdt, ofdt, ofdt->max_fds); } static struct fdtable * alloc_fdtable(unsigned int nr) { struct fdtable *fdt; void *data; /* * Figure out how many fds we actually want to support in this fdtable. * Allocation steps are keyed to the size of the fdarray, since it * grows far faster than any of the other dynamic data. We try to fit * the fdarray into comfortable page-tuned chunks: starting at 1024B * and growing in powers of two from there on. */ nr /= (1024 / sizeof(struct file *)); nr = roundup_pow_of_two(nr + 1); nr *= (1024 / sizeof(struct file *)); /* * Note that this can drive nr *below* what we had passed if sysctl_nr_open * had been set lower between the check in expand_files() and here. Deal * with that in caller, it's cheaper that way. * * We make sure that nr remains a multiple of BITS_PER_LONG - otherwise * bitmaps handling below becomes unpleasant, to put it mildly... */ if (unlikely(nr > sysctl_nr_open)) nr = ((sysctl_nr_open - 1) | (BITS_PER_LONG - 1)) + 1; fdt = kmalloc(sizeof(struct fdtable), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT); if (!fdt) goto out; fdt->max_fds = nr; data = kvmalloc_array(nr, sizeof(struct file *), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT); if (!data) goto out_fdt; fdt->fd = data; data = kvmalloc(max_t(size_t, 2 * nr / BITS_PER_BYTE + BITBIT_SIZE(nr), L1_CACHE_BYTES), GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT); if (!data) goto out_arr; fdt->open_fds = data; data += nr / BITS_PER_BYTE; fdt->close_on_exec = data; data += nr / BITS_PER_BYTE; fdt->full_fds_bits = data; return fdt; out_arr: kvfree(fdt->fd); out_fdt: kfree(fdt); out: return NULL; } /* * Expand the file descriptor table. * This function will allocate a new fdtable and both fd array and fdset, of * the given size. * Return <0 error code on error; 1 on successful completion. * The files->file_lock should be held on entry, and will be held on exit. */ static int expand_fdtable(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int nr) __releases(files->file_lock) __acquires(files->file_lock) { struct fdtable *new_fdt, *cur_fdt; spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); new_fdt = alloc_fdtable(nr); /* make sure all __fd_install() have seen resize_in_progress * or have finished their rcu_read_lock_sched() section. */ if (atomic_read(&files->count) > 1) synchronize_rcu(); spin_lock(&files->file_lock); if (!new_fdt) return -ENOMEM; /* * extremely unlikely race - sysctl_nr_open decreased between the check in * caller and alloc_fdtable(). Cheaper to catch it here... */ if (unlikely(new_fdt->max_fds <= nr)) { __free_fdtable(new_fdt); return -EMFILE; } cur_fdt = files_fdtable(files); BUG_ON(nr < cur_fdt->max_fds); copy_fdtable(new_fdt, cur_fdt); rcu_assign_pointer(files->fdt, new_fdt); if (cur_fdt != &files->fdtab) call_rcu(&cur_fdt->rcu, free_fdtable_rcu); /* coupled with smp_rmb() in __fd_install() */ smp_wmb(); return 1; } /* * Expand files. * This function will expand the file structures, if the requested size exceeds * the current capacity and there is room for expansion. * Return <0 error code on error; 0 when nothing done; 1 when files were * expanded and execution may have blocked. * The files->file_lock should be held on entry, and will be held on exit. */ static int expand_files(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int nr) __releases(files->file_lock) __acquires(files->file_lock) { struct fdtable *fdt; int expanded = 0; repeat: fdt = files_fdtable(files); /* Do we need to expand? */ if (nr < fdt->max_fds) return expanded; /* Can we expand? */ if (nr >= sysctl_nr_open) return -EMFILE; if (unlikely(files->resize_in_progress)) { spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); expanded = 1; wait_event(files->resize_wait, !files->resize_in_progress); spin_lock(&files->file_lock); goto repeat; } /* All good, so we try */ files->resize_in_progress = true; expanded = expand_fdtable(files, nr); files->resize_in_progress = false; wake_up_all(&files->resize_wait); return expanded; } static inline void __set_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd, struct fdtable *fdt) { __set_bit(fd, fdt->close_on_exec); } static inline void __clear_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd, struct fdtable *fdt) { if (test_bit(fd, fdt->close_on_exec)) __clear_bit(fd, fdt->close_on_exec); } static inline void __set_open_fd(unsigned int fd, struct fdtable *fdt) { __set_bit(fd, fdt->open_fds); fd /= BITS_PER_LONG; if (!~fdt->open_fds[fd]) __set_bit(fd, fdt->full_fds_bits); } static inline void __clear_open_fd(unsigned int fd, struct fdtable *fdt) { __clear_bit(fd, fdt->open_fds); __clear_bit(fd / BITS_PER_LONG, fdt->full_fds_bits); } static unsigned int count_open_files(struct fdtable *fdt) { unsigned int size = fdt->max_fds; unsigned int i; /* Find the last open fd */ for (i = size / BITS_PER_LONG; i > 0; ) { if (fdt->open_fds[--i]) break; } i = (i + 1) * BITS_PER_LONG; return i; } static unsigned int sane_fdtable_size(struct fdtable *fdt, unsigned int max_fds) { unsigned int count; count = count_open_files(fdt); if (max_fds < NR_OPEN_DEFAULT) max_fds = NR_OPEN_DEFAULT; return min(count, max_fds); } /* * Allocate a new files structure and copy contents from the * passed in files structure. * errorp will be valid only when the returned files_struct is NULL. */ struct files_struct *dup_fd(struct files_struct *oldf, unsigned int max_fds, int *errorp) { struct files_struct *newf; struct file **old_fds, **new_fds; unsigned int open_files, i; struct fdtable *old_fdt, *new_fdt; *errorp = -ENOMEM; newf = kmem_cache_alloc(files_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!newf) goto out; atomic_set(&newf->count, 1); spin_lock_init(&newf->file_lock); newf->resize_in_progress = false; init_waitqueue_head(&newf->resize_wait); newf->next_fd = 0; new_fdt = &newf->fdtab; new_fdt->max_fds = NR_OPEN_DEFAULT; new_fdt->close_on_exec = newf->close_on_exec_init; new_fdt->open_fds = newf->open_fds_init; new_fdt->full_fds_bits = newf->full_fds_bits_init; new_fdt->fd = &newf->fd_array[0]; spin_lock(&oldf->file_lock); old_fdt = files_fdtable(oldf); open_files = sane_fdtable_size(old_fdt, max_fds); /* * Check whether we need to allocate a larger fd array and fd set. */ while (unlikely(open_files > new_fdt->max_fds)) { spin_unlock(&oldf->file_lock); if (new_fdt != &newf->fdtab) __free_fdtable(new_fdt); new_fdt = alloc_fdtable(open_files - 1); if (!new_fdt) { *errorp = -ENOMEM; goto out_release; } /* beyond sysctl_nr_open; nothing to do */ if (unlikely(new_fdt->max_fds < open_files)) { __free_fdtable(new_fdt); *errorp = -EMFILE; goto out_release; } /* * Reacquire the oldf lock and a pointer to its fd table * who knows it may have a new bigger fd table. We need * the latest pointer. */ spin_lock(&oldf->file_lock); old_fdt = files_fdtable(oldf); open_files = sane_fdtable_size(old_fdt, max_fds); } copy_fd_bitmaps(new_fdt, old_fdt, open_files); old_fds = old_fdt->fd; new_fds = new_fdt->fd; for (i = open_files; i != 0; i--) { struct file *f = *old_fds++; if (f) { get_file(f); } else { /* * The fd may be claimed in the fd bitmap but not yet * instantiated in the files array if a sibling thread * is partway through open(). So make sure that this * fd is available to the new process. */ __clear_open_fd(open_files - i, new_fdt); } rcu_assign_pointer(*new_fds++, f); } spin_unlock(&oldf->file_lock); /* clear the remainder */ memset(new_fds, 0, (new_fdt->max_fds - open_files) * sizeof(struct file *)); rcu_assign_pointer(newf->fdt, new_fdt); return newf; out_release: kmem_cache_free(files_cachep, newf); out: return NULL; } static struct fdtable *close_files(struct files_struct * files) { /* * It is safe to dereference the fd table without RCU or * ->file_lock because this is the last reference to the * files structure. */ struct fdtable *fdt = rcu_dereference_raw(files->fdt); unsigned int i, j = 0; for (;;) { unsigned long set; i = j * BITS_PER_LONG; if (i >= fdt->max_fds) break; set = fdt->open_fds[j++]; while (set) { if (set & 1) { struct file * file = xchg(&fdt->fd[i], NULL); if (file) { filp_close(file, files); cond_resched(); } } i++; set >>= 1; } } return fdt; } struct files_struct *get_files_struct(struct task_struct *task) { struct files_struct *files; task_lock(task); files = task->files; if (files) atomic_inc(&files->count); task_unlock(task); return files; } void put_files_struct(struct files_struct *files) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&files->count)) { struct fdtable *fdt = close_files(files); /* free the arrays if they are not embedded */ if (fdt != &files->fdtab) __free_fdtable(fdt); kmem_cache_free(files_cachep, files); } } void reset_files_struct(struct files_struct *files) { struct task_struct *tsk = current; struct files_struct *old; old = tsk->files; task_lock(tsk); tsk->files = files; task_unlock(tsk); put_files_struct(old); } void exit_files(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct files_struct * files = tsk->files; if (files) { task_lock(tsk); tsk->files = NULL; task_unlock(tsk); put_files_struct(files); } } struct files_struct init_files = { .count = ATOMIC_INIT(1), .fdt = &init_files.fdtab, .fdtab = { .max_fds = NR_OPEN_DEFAULT, .fd = &init_files.fd_array[0], .close_on_exec = init_files.close_on_exec_init, .open_fds = init_files.open_fds_init, .full_fds_bits = init_files.full_fds_bits_init, }, .file_lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(init_files.file_lock), .resize_wait = __WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(init_files.resize_wait), }; static unsigned int find_next_fd(struct fdtable *fdt, unsigned int start) { unsigned int maxfd = fdt->max_fds; unsigned int maxbit = maxfd / BITS_PER_LONG; unsigned int bitbit = start / BITS_PER_LONG; bitbit = find_next_zero_bit(fdt->full_fds_bits, maxbit, bitbit) * BITS_PER_LONG; if (bitbit > maxfd) return maxfd; if (bitbit > start) start = bitbit; return find_next_zero_bit(fdt->open_fds, maxfd, start); } /* * allocate a file descriptor, mark it busy. */ int __alloc_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned start, unsigned end, unsigned flags) { unsigned int fd; int error; struct fdtable *fdt; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); repeat: fdt = files_fdtable(files); fd = start; if (fd < files->next_fd) fd = files->next_fd; if (fd < fdt->max_fds) fd = find_next_fd(fdt, fd); /* * N.B. For clone tasks sharing a files structure, this test * will limit the total number of files that can be opened. */ error = -EMFILE; if (fd >= end) goto out; error = expand_files(files, fd); if (error < 0) goto out; /* * If we needed to expand the fs array we * might have blocked - try again. */ if (error) goto repeat; if (start <= files->next_fd) files->next_fd = fd + 1; __set_open_fd(fd, fdt); if (flags & O_CLOEXEC) __set_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); else __clear_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); error = fd; #if 1 /* Sanity check */ if (rcu_access_pointer(fdt->fd[fd]) != NULL) { printk(KERN_WARNING "alloc_fd: slot %d not NULL!\n", fd); rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], NULL); } #endif out: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return error; } static int alloc_fd(unsigned start, unsigned flags) { return __alloc_fd(current->files, start, rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE), flags); } int __get_unused_fd_flags(unsigned flags, unsigned long nofile) { return __alloc_fd(current->files, 0, nofile, flags); } int get_unused_fd_flags(unsigned flags) { return __get_unused_fd_flags(flags, rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_unused_fd_flags); static void __put_unused_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd) { struct fdtable *fdt = files_fdtable(files); __clear_open_fd(fd, fdt); if (fd < files->next_fd) files->next_fd = fd; } void put_unused_fd(unsigned int fd) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); __put_unused_fd(files, fd); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_unused_fd); /* * Install a file pointer in the fd array. * * The VFS is full of places where we drop the files lock between * setting the open_fds bitmap and installing the file in the file * array. At any such point, we are vulnerable to a dup2() race * installing a file in the array before us. We need to detect this and * fput() the struct file we are about to overwrite in this case. * * It should never happen - if we allow dup2() do it, _really_ bad things * will follow. * * NOTE: __fd_install() variant is really, really low-level; don't * use it unless you are forced to by truly lousy API shoved down * your throat. 'files' *MUST* be either current->files or obtained * by get_files_struct(current) done by whoever had given it to you, * or really bad things will happen. Normally you want to use * fd_install() instead. */ void __fd_install(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd, struct file *file) { struct fdtable *fdt; rcu_read_lock_sched(); if (unlikely(files->resize_in_progress)) { rcu_read_unlock_sched(); spin_lock(&files->file_lock); fdt = files_fdtable(files); BUG_ON(fdt->fd[fd] != NULL); rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], file); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return; } /* coupled with smp_wmb() in expand_fdtable() */ smp_rmb(); fdt = rcu_dereference_sched(files->fdt); BUG_ON(fdt->fd[fd] != NULL); rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], file); rcu_read_unlock_sched(); } /* * This consumes the "file" refcount, so callers should treat it * as if they had called fput(file). */ void fd_install(unsigned int fd, struct file *file) { __fd_install(current->files, fd, file); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fd_install); static struct file *pick_file(struct files_struct *files, unsigned fd) { struct file *file = NULL; struct fdtable *fdt; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); fdt = files_fdtable(files); if (fd >= fdt->max_fds) goto out_unlock; file = fdt->fd[fd]; if (!file) goto out_unlock; rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], NULL); __put_unused_fd(files, fd); out_unlock: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return file; } /* * The same warnings as for __alloc_fd()/__fd_install() apply here... */ int __close_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned fd) { struct file *file; file = pick_file(files, fd); if (!file) return -EBADF; return filp_close(file, files); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__close_fd); /* for ksys_close() */ /** * __close_range() - Close all file descriptors in a given range. * * @fd: starting file descriptor to close * @max_fd: last file descriptor to close * * This closes a range of file descriptors. All file descriptors * from @fd up to and including @max_fd are closed. */ int __close_range(unsigned fd, unsigned max_fd, unsigned int flags) { unsigned int cur_max; struct task_struct *me = current; struct files_struct *cur_fds = me->files, *fds = NULL; if (flags & ~CLOSE_RANGE_UNSHARE) return -EINVAL; if (fd > max_fd) return -EINVAL; rcu_read_lock(); cur_max = files_fdtable(cur_fds)->max_fds; rcu_read_unlock(); /* cap to last valid index into fdtable */ cur_max--; if (flags & CLOSE_RANGE_UNSHARE) { int ret; unsigned int max_unshare_fds = NR_OPEN_MAX; /* * If the requested range is greater than the current maximum, * we're closing everything so only copy all file descriptors * beneath the lowest file descriptor. */ if (max_fd >= cur_max) max_unshare_fds = fd; ret = unshare_fd(CLONE_FILES, max_unshare_fds, &fds); if (ret) return ret; /* * We used to share our file descriptor table, and have now * created a private one, make sure we're using it below. */ if (fds) swap(cur_fds, fds); } max_fd = min(max_fd, cur_max); while (fd <= max_fd) { struct file *file; file = pick_file(cur_fds, fd++); if (!file) continue; filp_close(file, cur_fds); cond_resched(); } if (fds) { /* * We're done closing the files we were supposed to. Time to install * the new file descriptor table and drop the old one. */ task_lock(me); me->files = cur_fds; task_unlock(me); put_files_struct(fds); } return 0; } /* * variant of __close_fd that gets a ref on the file for later fput. * The caller must ensure that filp_close() called on the file, and then * an fput(). */ int __close_fd_get_file(unsigned int fd, struct file **res) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; struct file *file; struct fdtable *fdt; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); fdt = files_fdtable(files); if (fd >= fdt->max_fds) goto out_unlock; file = fdt->fd[fd]; if (!file) goto out_unlock; rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], NULL); __put_unused_fd(files, fd); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); get_file(file); *res = file; return 0; out_unlock: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); *res = NULL; return -ENOENT; } void do_close_on_exec(struct files_struct *files) { unsigned i; struct fdtable *fdt; /* exec unshares first */ spin_lock(&files->file_lock); for (i = 0; ; i++) { unsigned long set; unsigned fd = i * BITS_PER_LONG; fdt = files_fdtable(files); if (fd >= fdt->max_fds) break; set = fdt->close_on_exec[i]; if (!set) continue; fdt->close_on_exec[i] = 0; for ( ; set ; fd++, set >>= 1) { struct file *file; if (!(set & 1)) continue; file = fdt->fd[fd]; if (!file) continue; rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], NULL); __put_unused_fd(files, fd); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); filp_close(file, files); cond_resched(); spin_lock(&files->file_lock); } } spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); } static struct file *__fget_files(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd, fmode_t mask, unsigned int refs) { struct file *file; rcu_read_lock(); loop: file = fcheck_files(files, fd); if (file) { /* File object ref couldn't be taken. * dup2() atomicity guarantee is the reason * we loop to catch the new file (or NULL pointer) */ if (file->f_mode & mask) file = NULL; else if (!get_file_rcu_many(file, refs)) goto loop; else if (__fcheck_files(files, fd) != file) { fput_many(file, refs); goto loop; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return file; } static inline struct file *__fget(unsigned int fd, fmode_t mask, unsigned int refs) { return __fget_files(current->files, fd, mask, refs); } struct file *fget_many(unsigned int fd, unsigned int refs) { return __fget(fd, FMODE_PATH, refs); } struct file *fget(unsigned int fd) { return __fget(fd, FMODE_PATH, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fget); struct file *fget_raw(unsigned int fd) { return __fget(fd, 0, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fget_raw); struct file *fget_task(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int fd) { struct file *file = NULL; task_lock(task); if (task->files) file = __fget_files(task->files, fd, 0, 1); task_unlock(task); return file; } /* * Lightweight file lookup - no refcnt increment if fd table isn't shared. * * You can use this instead of fget if you satisfy all of the following * conditions: * 1) You must call fput_light before exiting the syscall and returning control * to userspace (i.e. you cannot remember the returned struct file * after * returning to userspace). * 2) You must not call filp_close on the returned struct file * in between * calls to fget_light and fput_light. * 3) You must not clone the current task in between the calls to fget_light * and fput_light. * * The fput_needed flag returned by fget_light should be passed to the * corresponding fput_light. */ static unsigned long __fget_light(unsigned int fd, fmode_t mask) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; struct file *file; if (atomic_read(&files->count) == 1) { file = __fcheck_files(files, fd); if (!file || unlikely(file->f_mode & mask)) return 0; return (unsigned long)file; } else { file = __fget(fd, mask, 1); if (!file) return 0; return FDPUT_FPUT | (unsigned long)file; } } unsigned long __fdget(unsigned int fd) { return __fget_light(fd, FMODE_PATH); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__fdget); unsigned long __fdget_raw(unsigned int fd) { return __fget_light(fd, 0); } unsigned long __fdget_pos(unsigned int fd) { unsigned long v = __fdget(fd); struct file *file = (struct file *)(v & ~3); if (file && (file->f_mode & FMODE_ATOMIC_POS)) { if (file_count(file) > 1) { v |= FDPUT_POS_UNLOCK; mutex_lock(&file->f_pos_lock); } } return v; } void __f_unlock_pos(struct file *f) { mutex_unlock(&f->f_pos_lock); } /* * We only lock f_pos if we have threads or if the file might be * shared with another process. In both cases we'll have an elevated * file count (done either by fdget() or by fork()). */ void set_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd, int flag) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; struct fdtable *fdt; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); fdt = files_fdtable(files); if (flag) __set_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); else __clear_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); } bool get_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd) { struct files_struct *files = current->files; struct fdtable *fdt; bool res; rcu_read_lock(); fdt = files_fdtable(files); res = close_on_exec(fd, fdt); rcu_read_unlock(); return res; } static int do_dup2(struct files_struct *files, struct file *file, unsigned fd, unsigned flags) __releases(&files->file_lock) { struct file *tofree; struct fdtable *fdt; /* * We need to detect attempts to do dup2() over allocated but still * not finished descriptor. NB: OpenBSD avoids that at the price of * extra work in their equivalent of fget() - they insert struct * file immediately after grabbing descriptor, mark it larval if * more work (e.g. actual opening) is needed and make sure that * fget() treats larval files as absent. Potentially interesting, * but while extra work in fget() is trivial, locking implications * and amount of surgery on open()-related paths in VFS are not. * FreeBSD fails with -EBADF in the same situation, NetBSD "solution" * deadlocks in rather amusing ways, AFAICS. All of that is out of * scope of POSIX or SUS, since neither considers shared descriptor * tables and this condition does not arise without those. */ fdt = files_fdtable(files); tofree = fdt->fd[fd]; if (!tofree && fd_is_open(fd, fdt)) goto Ebusy; get_file(file); rcu_assign_pointer(fdt->fd[fd], file); __set_open_fd(fd, fdt); if (flags & O_CLOEXEC) __set_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); else __clear_close_on_exec(fd, fdt); spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); if (tofree) filp_close(tofree, files); return fd; Ebusy: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return -EBUSY; } int replace_fd(unsigned fd, struct file *file, unsigned flags) { int err; struct files_struct *files = current->files; if (!file) return __close_fd(files, fd); if (fd >= rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE)) return -EBADF; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); err = expand_files(files, fd); if (unlikely(err < 0)) goto out_unlock; return do_dup2(files, file, fd, flags); out_unlock: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return err; } /** * __receive_fd() - Install received file into file descriptor table * * @fd: fd to install into (if negative, a new fd will be allocated) * @file: struct file that was received from another process * @ufd: __user pointer to write new fd number to * @o_flags: the O_* flags to apply to the new fd entry * * Installs a received file into the file descriptor table, with appropriate * checks and count updates. Optionally writes the fd number to userspace, if * @ufd is non-NULL. * * This helper handles its own reference counting of the incoming * struct file. * * Returns newly install fd or -ve on error. */ int __receive_fd(int fd, struct file *file, int __user *ufd, unsigned int o_flags) { int new_fd; int error; error = security_file_receive(file); if (error) return error; if (fd < 0) { new_fd = get_unused_fd_flags(o_flags); if (new_fd < 0) return new_fd; } else { new_fd = fd; } if (ufd) { error = put_user(new_fd, ufd); if (error) { if (fd < 0) put_unused_fd(new_fd); return error; } } if (fd < 0) { fd_install(new_fd, get_file(file)); } else { error = replace_fd(new_fd, file, o_flags); if (error) return error; } /* Bump the sock usage counts, if any. */ __receive_sock(file); return new_fd; } static int ksys_dup3(unsigned int oldfd, unsigned int newfd, int flags) { int err = -EBADF; struct file *file; struct files_struct *files = current->files; if ((flags & ~O_CLOEXEC) != 0) return -EINVAL; if (unlikely(oldfd == newfd)) return -EINVAL; if (newfd >= rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE)) return -EBADF; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); err = expand_files(files, newfd); file = fcheck(oldfd); if (unlikely(!file)) goto Ebadf; if (unlikely(err < 0)) { if (err == -EMFILE) goto Ebadf; goto out_unlock; } return do_dup2(files, file, newfd, flags); Ebadf: err = -EBADF; out_unlock: spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return err; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(dup3, unsigned int, oldfd, unsigned int, newfd, int, flags) { return ksys_dup3(oldfd, newfd, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(dup2, unsigned int, oldfd, unsigned int, newfd) { if (unlikely(newfd == oldfd)) { /* corner case */ struct files_struct *files = current->files; int retval = oldfd; rcu_read_lock(); if (!fcheck_files(files, oldfd)) retval = -EBADF; rcu_read_unlock(); return retval; } return ksys_dup3(oldfd, newfd, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(dup, unsigned int, fildes) { int ret = -EBADF; struct file *file = fget_raw(fildes); if (file) { ret = get_unused_fd_flags(0); if (ret >= 0) fd_install(ret, file); else fput(file); } return ret; } int f_dupfd(unsigned int from, struct file *file, unsigned flags) { int err; if (from >= rlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE)) return -EINVAL; err = alloc_fd(from, flags); if (err >= 0) { get_file(file); fd_install(err, file); } return err; } int iterate_fd(struct files_struct *files, unsigned n, int (*f)(const void *, struct file *, unsigned), const void *p) { struct fdtable *fdt; int res = 0; if (!files) return 0; spin_lock(&files->file_lock); for (fdt = files_fdtable(files); n < fdt->max_fds; n++) { struct file *file; file = rcu_dereference_check_fdtable(files, fdt->fd[n]); if (!file) continue; res = f(p, file, n); if (res) break; } spin_unlock(&files->file_lock); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iterate_fd);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __FIRMWARE_LOADER_H #define __FIRMWARE_LOADER_H #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/firmware.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/completion.h> #include <generated/utsrelease.h> /** * enum fw_opt - options to control firmware loading behaviour * * @FW_OPT_UEVENT: Enables the fallback mechanism to send a kobject uevent * when the firmware is not found. Userspace is in charge to load the * firmware using the sysfs loading facility. * @FW_OPT_NOWAIT: Used to describe the firmware request is asynchronous. * @FW_OPT_USERHELPER: Enable the fallback mechanism, in case the direct * filesystem lookup fails at finding the firmware. For details refer to * firmware_fallback_sysfs(). * @FW_OPT_NO_WARN: Quiet, avoid printing warning messages. * @FW_OPT_NOCACHE: Disables firmware caching. Firmware caching is used to * cache the firmware upon suspend, so that upon resume races against the * firmware file lookup on storage is avoided. Used for calls where the * file may be too big, or where the driver takes charge of its own * firmware caching mechanism. * @FW_OPT_NOFALLBACK_SYSFS: Disable the sysfs fallback mechanism. Takes * precedence over &FW_OPT_UEVENT and &FW_OPT_USERHELPER. * @FW_OPT_FALLBACK_PLATFORM: Enable fallback to device fw copy embedded in * the platform's main firmware. If both this fallback and the sysfs * fallback are enabled, then this fallback will be tried first. * @FW_OPT_PARTIAL: Allow partial read of firmware instead of needing to read * entire file. */ enum fw_opt { FW_OPT_UEVENT = BIT(0), FW_OPT_NOWAIT = BIT(1), FW_OPT_USERHELPER = BIT(2), FW_OPT_NO_WARN = BIT(3), FW_OPT_NOCACHE = BIT(4), FW_OPT_NOFALLBACK_SYSFS = BIT(5), FW_OPT_FALLBACK_PLATFORM = BIT(6), FW_OPT_PARTIAL = BIT(7), }; enum fw_status { FW_STATUS_UNKNOWN, FW_STATUS_LOADING, FW_STATUS_DONE, FW_STATUS_ABORTED, }; /* * Concurrent request_firmware() for the same firmware need to be * serialized. struct fw_state is simple state machine which hold the * state of the firmware loading. */ struct fw_state { struct completion completion; enum fw_status status; }; struct fw_priv { struct kref ref; struct list_head list; struct firmware_cache *fwc; struct fw_state fw_st; void *data; size_t size; size_t allocated_size; size_t offset; u32 opt_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_FW_LOADER_PAGED_BUF bool is_paged_buf; struct page **pages; int nr_pages; int page_array_size; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER bool need_uevent; struct list_head pending_list; #endif const char *fw_name; }; extern struct mutex fw_lock; static inline bool __fw_state_check(struct fw_priv *fw_priv, enum fw_status status) { struct fw_state *fw_st = &fw_priv->fw_st; return fw_st->status == status; } static inline int __fw_state_wait_common(struct fw_priv *fw_priv, long timeout) { struct fw_state *fw_st = &fw_priv->fw_st; long ret; ret = wait_for_completion_killable_timeout(&fw_st->completion, timeout); if (ret != 0 && fw_st->status == FW_STATUS_ABORTED) return -ENOENT; if (!ret) return -ETIMEDOUT; return ret < 0 ? ret : 0; } static inline void __fw_state_set(struct fw_priv *fw_priv, enum fw_status status) { struct fw_state *fw_st = &fw_priv->fw_st; WRITE_ONCE(fw_st->status, status); if (status == FW_STATUS_DONE || status == FW_STATUS_ABORTED) { #ifdef CONFIG_FW_LOADER_USER_HELPER /* * Doing this here ensures that the fw_priv is deleted from * the pending list in all abort/done paths. */ list_del_init(&fw_priv->pending_list); #endif complete_all(&fw_st->completion); } } static inline void fw_state_aborted(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { __fw_state_set(fw_priv, FW_STATUS_ABORTED); } static inline bool fw_state_is_aborted(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { return __fw_state_check(fw_priv, FW_STATUS_ABORTED); } static inline void fw_state_start(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { __fw_state_set(fw_priv, FW_STATUS_LOADING); } static inline void fw_state_done(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { __fw_state_set(fw_priv, FW_STATUS_DONE); } int assign_fw(struct firmware *fw, struct device *device); #ifdef CONFIG_FW_LOADER_PAGED_BUF void fw_free_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv); int fw_grow_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv, int pages_needed); int fw_map_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv); bool fw_is_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv); #else static inline void fw_free_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) {} static inline int fw_grow_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv, int pages_needed) { return -ENXIO; } static inline int fw_map_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { return -ENXIO; } static inline bool fw_is_paged_buf(struct fw_priv *fw_priv) { return false; } #endif #endif /* __FIRMWARE_LOADER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note */ /* * include/linux/eventpoll.h ( Efficient event polling implementation ) * Copyright (C) 2001,...,2006 Davide Libenzi * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or * (at your option) any later version. * * Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> * */ #ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H #define _UAPI_LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H /* For O_CLOEXEC */ #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/types.h> /* Flags for epoll_create1. */ #define EPOLL_CLOEXEC O_CLOEXEC /* Valid opcodes to issue to sys_epoll_ctl() */ #define EPOLL_CTL_ADD 1 #define EPOLL_CTL_DEL 2 #define EPOLL_CTL_MOD 3 /* Epoll event masks */ #define EPOLLIN (__force __poll_t)0x00000001 #define EPOLLPRI (__force __poll_t)0x00000002 #define EPOLLOUT (__force __poll_t)0x00000004 #define EPOLLERR (__force __poll_t)0x00000008 #define EPOLLHUP (__force __poll_t)0x00000010 #define EPOLLNVAL (__force __poll_t)0x00000020 #define EPOLLRDNORM (__force __poll_t)0x00000040 #define EPOLLRDBAND (__force __poll_t)0x00000080 #define EPOLLWRNORM (__force __poll_t)0x00000100 #define EPOLLWRBAND (__force __poll_t)0x00000200 #define EPOLLMSG (__force __poll_t)0x00000400 #define EPOLLRDHUP (__force __poll_t)0x00002000 /* Set exclusive wakeup mode for the target file descriptor */ #define EPOLLEXCLUSIVE ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 28)) /* * Request the handling of system wakeup events so as to prevent system suspends * from happening while those events are being processed. * * Assuming neither EPOLLET nor EPOLLONESHOT is set, system suspends will not be * re-allowed until epoll_wait is called again after consuming the wakeup * event(s). * * Requires CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND */ #define EPOLLWAKEUP ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 29)) /* Set the One Shot behaviour for the target file descriptor */ #define EPOLLONESHOT ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 30)) /* Set the Edge Triggered behaviour for the target file descriptor */ #define EPOLLET ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 31)) /* * On x86-64 make the 64bit structure have the same alignment as the * 32bit structure. This makes 32bit emulation easier. * * UML/x86_64 needs the same packing as x86_64 */ #ifdef __x86_64__ #define EPOLL_PACKED __attribute__((packed)) #else #define EPOLL_PACKED #endif struct epoll_event { __poll_t events; __u64 data; } EPOLL_PACKED; #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP static inline void ep_take_care_of_epollwakeup(struct epoll_event *epev) { if ((epev->events & EPOLLWAKEUP) && !capable(CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND)) epev->events &= ~EPOLLWAKEUP; } #else static inline void ep_take_care_of_epollwakeup(struct epoll_event *epev) { epev->events &= ~EPOLLWAKEUP; } #endif #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_COMPACTION_H #define _LINUX_COMPACTION_H /* * Determines how hard direct compaction should try to succeed. * Lower value means higher priority, analogically to reclaim priority. */ enum compact_priority { COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_FULL, MIN_COMPACT_PRIORITY = COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_FULL, COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_LIGHT, MIN_COMPACT_COSTLY_PRIORITY = COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_LIGHT, DEF_COMPACT_PRIORITY = COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_LIGHT, COMPACT_PRIO_ASYNC, INIT_COMPACT_PRIORITY = COMPACT_PRIO_ASYNC }; /* Return values for compact_zone() and try_to_compact_pages() */ /* When adding new states, please adjust include/trace/events/compaction.h */ enum compact_result { /* For more detailed tracepoint output - internal to compaction */ COMPACT_NOT_SUITABLE_ZONE, /* * compaction didn't start as it was not possible or direct reclaim * was more suitable */ COMPACT_SKIPPED, /* compaction didn't start as it was deferred due to past failures */ COMPACT_DEFERRED, /* For more detailed tracepoint output - internal to compaction */ COMPACT_NO_SUITABLE_PAGE, /* compaction should continue to another pageblock */ COMPACT_CONTINUE, /* * The full zone was compacted scanned but wasn't successfull to compact * suitable pages. */ COMPACT_COMPLETE, /* * direct compaction has scanned part of the zone but wasn't successfull * to compact suitable pages. */ COMPACT_PARTIAL_SKIPPED, /* compaction terminated prematurely due to lock contentions */ COMPACT_CONTENDED, /* * direct compaction terminated after concluding that the allocation * should now succeed */ COMPACT_SUCCESS, }; struct alloc_context; /* in mm/internal.h */ /* * Number of free order-0 pages that should be available above given watermark * to make sure compaction has reasonable chance of not running out of free * pages that it needs to isolate as migration target during its work. */ static inline unsigned long compact_gap(unsigned int order) { /* * Although all the isolations for migration are temporary, compaction * free scanner may have up to 1 << order pages on its list and then * try to split an (order - 1) free page. At that point, a gap of * 1 << order might not be enough, so it's safer to require twice that * amount. Note that the number of pages on the list is also * effectively limited by COMPACT_CLUSTER_MAX, as that's the maximum * that the migrate scanner can have isolated on migrate list, and free * scanner is only invoked when the number of isolated free pages is * lower than that. But it's not worth to complicate the formula here * as a bigger gap for higher orders than strictly necessary can also * improve chances of compaction success. */ return 2UL << order; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION extern int sysctl_compact_memory; extern unsigned int sysctl_compaction_proactiveness; extern int sysctl_compaction_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos); extern int sysctl_extfrag_threshold; extern int sysctl_compact_unevictable_allowed; extern unsigned int extfrag_for_order(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order); extern int fragmentation_index(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order); extern enum compact_result try_to_compact_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, unsigned int alloc_flags, const struct alloc_context *ac, enum compact_priority prio, struct page **page); extern void reset_isolation_suitable(pg_data_t *pgdat); extern enum compact_result compaction_suitable(struct zone *zone, int order, unsigned int alloc_flags, int highest_zoneidx); extern void defer_compaction(struct zone *zone, int order); extern bool compaction_deferred(struct zone *zone, int order); extern void compaction_defer_reset(struct zone *zone, int order, bool alloc_success); extern bool compaction_restarting(struct zone *zone, int order); /* Compaction has made some progress and retrying makes sense */ static inline bool compaction_made_progress(enum compact_result result) { /* * Even though this might sound confusing this in fact tells us * that the compaction successfully isolated and migrated some * pageblocks. */ if (result == COMPACT_SUCCESS) return true; return false; } /* Compaction has failed and it doesn't make much sense to keep retrying. */ static inline bool compaction_failed(enum compact_result result) { /* All zones were scanned completely and still not result. */ if (result == COMPACT_COMPLETE) return true; return false; } /* Compaction needs reclaim to be performed first, so it can continue. */ static inline bool compaction_needs_reclaim(enum compact_result result) { /* * Compaction backed off due to watermark checks for order-0 * so the regular reclaim has to try harder and reclaim something. */ if (result == COMPACT_SKIPPED) return true; return false; } /* * Compaction has backed off for some reason after doing some work or none * at all. It might be throttling or lock contention. Retrying might be still * worthwhile, but with a higher priority if allowed. */ static inline bool compaction_withdrawn(enum compact_result result) { /* * If compaction is deferred for high-order allocations, it is * because sync compaction recently failed. If this is the case * and the caller requested a THP allocation, we do not want * to heavily disrupt the system, so we fail the allocation * instead of entering direct reclaim. */ if (result == COMPACT_DEFERRED) return true; /* * If compaction in async mode encounters contention or blocks higher * priority task we back off early rather than cause stalls. */ if (result == COMPACT_CONTENDED) return true; /* * Page scanners have met but we haven't scanned full zones so this * is a back off in fact. */ if (result == COMPACT_PARTIAL_SKIPPED) return true; return false; } bool compaction_zonelist_suitable(struct alloc_context *ac, int order, int alloc_flags); extern int kcompactd_run(int nid); extern void kcompactd_stop(int nid); extern void wakeup_kcompactd(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int highest_zoneidx); #else static inline void reset_isolation_suitable(pg_data_t *pgdat) { } static inline enum compact_result compaction_suitable(struct zone *zone, int order, int alloc_flags, int highest_zoneidx) { return COMPACT_SKIPPED; } static inline void defer_compaction(struct zone *zone, int order) { } static inline bool compaction_deferred(struct zone *zone, int order) { return true; } static inline bool compaction_made_progress(enum compact_result result) { return false; } static inline bool compaction_failed(enum compact_result result) { return false; } static inline bool compaction_needs_reclaim(enum compact_result result) { return false; } static inline bool compaction_withdrawn(enum compact_result result) { return true; } static inline int kcompactd_run(int nid) { return 0; } static inline void kcompactd_stop(int nid) { } static inline void wakeup_kcompactd(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int highest_zoneidx) { } #endif /* CONFIG_COMPACTION */ struct node; #if defined(CONFIG_COMPACTION) && defined(CONFIG_SYSFS) && defined(CONFIG_NUMA) extern int compaction_register_node(struct node *node); extern void compaction_unregister_node(struct node *node); #else static inline int compaction_register_node(struct node *node) { return 0; } static inline void compaction_unregister_node(struct node *node) { } #endif /* CONFIG_COMPACTION && CONFIG_SYSFS && CONFIG_NUMA */ #endif /* _LINUX_COMPACTION_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __VDSO_MATH64_H #define __VDSO_MATH64_H static __always_inline u32 __iter_div_u64_rem(u64 dividend, u32 divisor, u64 *remainder) { u32 ret = 0; while (dividend >= divisor) { /* The following asm() prevents the compiler from optimising this loop into a modulo operation. */ asm("" : "+rm"(dividend)); dividend -= divisor; ret++; } *remainder = dividend; return ret; } #endif /* __VDSO_MATH64_H */
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If it is a list header, * the result is an empty list. */ static inline void INIT_LIST_HEAD(struct list_head *list) { WRITE_ONCE(list->next, list); list->prev = list; } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LIST extern bool __list_add_valid(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next); extern bool __list_del_entry_valid(struct list_head *entry); #else static inline bool __list_add_valid(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next) { return true; } static inline bool __list_del_entry_valid(struct list_head *entry) { return true; } #endif /* * Insert a new entry between two known consecutive entries. * * This is only for internal list manipulation where we know * the prev/next entries already! */ static inline void __list_add(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next) { if (!__list_add_valid(new, prev, next)) return; next->prev = new; new->next = next; new->prev = prev; WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, new); } /** * list_add - add a new entry * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it after * * Insert a new entry after the specified head. * This is good for implementing stacks. */ static inline void list_add(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add(new, head, head->next); } /** * list_add_tail - add a new entry * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it before * * Insert a new entry before the specified head. * This is useful for implementing queues. */ static inline void list_add_tail(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add(new, head->prev, head); } /* * Delete a list entry by making the prev/next entries * point to each other. * * This is only for internal list manipulation where we know * the prev/next entries already! */ static inline void __list_del(struct list_head * prev, struct list_head * next) { next->prev = prev; WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, next); } /* * Delete a list entry and clear the 'prev' pointer. * * This is a special-purpose list clearing method used in the networking code * for lists allocated as per-cpu, where we don't want to incur the extra * WRITE_ONCE() overhead of a regular list_del_init(). The code that uses this * needs to check the node 'prev' pointer instead of calling list_empty(). */ static inline void __list_del_clearprev(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del(entry->prev, entry->next); entry->prev = NULL; } static inline void __list_del_entry(struct list_head *entry) { if (!__list_del_entry_valid(entry)) return; __list_del(entry->prev, entry->next); } /** * list_del - deletes entry from list. * @entry: the element to delete from the list. * Note: list_empty() on entry does not return true after this, the entry is * in an undefined state. */ static inline void list_del(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del_entry(entry); entry->next = LIST_POISON1; entry->prev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * list_replace - replace old entry by new one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * If @old was empty, it will be overwritten. */ static inline void list_replace(struct list_head *old, struct list_head *new) { new->next = old->next; new->next->prev = new; new->prev = old->prev; new->prev->next = new; } /** * list_replace_init - replace old entry by new one and initialize the old one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * If @old was empty, it will be overwritten. */ static inline void list_replace_init(struct list_head *old, struct list_head *new) { list_replace(old, new); INIT_LIST_HEAD(old); } /** * list_swap - replace entry1 with entry2 and re-add entry1 at entry2's position * @entry1: the location to place entry2 * @entry2: the location to place entry1 */ static inline void list_swap(struct list_head *entry1, struct list_head *entry2) { struct list_head *pos = entry2->prev; list_del(entry2); list_replace(entry1, entry2); if (pos == entry1) pos = entry2; list_add(entry1, pos); } /** * list_del_init - deletes entry from list and reinitialize it. * @entry: the element to delete from the list. */ static inline void list_del_init(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del_entry(entry); INIT_LIST_HEAD(entry); } /** * list_move - delete from one list and add as another's head * @list: the entry to move * @head: the head that will precede our entry */ static inline void list_move(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { __list_del_entry(list); list_add(list, head); } /** * list_move_tail - delete from one list and add as another's tail * @list: the entry to move * @head: the head that will follow our entry */ static inline void list_move_tail(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { __list_del_entry(list); list_add_tail(list, head); } /** * list_bulk_move_tail - move a subsection of a list to its tail * @head: the head that will follow our entry * @first: first entry to move * @last: last entry to move, can be the same as first * * Move all entries between @first and including @last before @head. * All three entries must belong to the same linked list. */ static inline void list_bulk_move_tail(struct list_head *head, struct list_head *first, struct list_head *last) { first->prev->next = last->next; last->next->prev = first->prev; head->prev->next = first; first->prev = head->prev; last->next = head; head->prev = last; } /** * list_is_first -- tests whether @list is the first entry in list @head * @list: the entry to test * @head: the head of the list */ static inline int list_is_first(const struct list_head *list, const struct list_head *head) { return list->prev == head; } /** * list_is_last - tests whether @list is the last entry in list @head * @list: the entry to test * @head: the head of the list */ static inline int list_is_last(const struct list_head *list, const struct list_head *head) { return list->next == head; } /** * list_empty - tests whether a list is empty * @head: the list to test. */ static inline int list_empty(const struct list_head *head) { return READ_ONCE(head->next) == head; } /** * list_del_init_careful - deletes entry from list and reinitialize it. * @entry: the element to delete from the list. * * This is the same as list_del_init(), except designed to be used * together with list_empty_careful() in a way to guarantee ordering * of other memory operations. * * Any memory operations done before a list_del_init_careful() are * guaranteed to be visible after a list_empty_careful() test. */ static inline void list_del_init_careful(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del_entry(entry); entry->prev = entry; smp_store_release(&entry->next, entry); } /** * list_empty_careful - tests whether a list is empty and not being modified * @head: the list to test * * Description: * tests whether a list is empty _and_ checks that no other CPU might be * in the process of modifying either member (next or prev) * * NOTE: using list_empty_careful() without synchronization * can only be safe if the only activity that can happen * to the list entry is list_del_init(). Eg. it cannot be used * if another CPU could re-list_add() it. */ static inline int list_empty_careful(const struct list_head *head) { struct list_head *next = smp_load_acquire(&head->next); return (next == head) && (next == head->prev); } /** * list_rotate_left - rotate the list to the left * @head: the head of the list */ static inline void list_rotate_left(struct list_head *head) { struct list_head *first; if (!list_empty(head)) { first = head->next; list_move_tail(first, head); } } /** * list_rotate_to_front() - Rotate list to specific item. * @list: The desired new front of the list. * @head: The head of the list. * * Rotates list so that @list becomes the new front of the list. */ static inline void list_rotate_to_front(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { /* * Deletes the list head from the list denoted by @head and * places it as the tail of @list, this effectively rotates the * list so that @list is at the front. */ list_move_tail(head, list); } /** * list_is_singular - tests whether a list has just one entry. * @head: the list to test. */ static inline int list_is_singular(const struct list_head *head) { return !list_empty(head) && (head->next == head->prev); } static inline void __list_cut_position(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, struct list_head *entry) { struct list_head *new_first = entry->next; list->next = head->next; list->next->prev = list; list->prev = entry; entry->next = list; head->next = new_first; new_first->prev = head; } /** * list_cut_position - cut a list into two * @list: a new list to add all removed entries * @head: a list with entries * @entry: an entry within head, could be the head itself * and if so we won't cut the list * * This helper moves the initial part of @head, up to and * including @entry, from @head to @list. You should * pass on @entry an element you know is on @head. @list * should be an empty list or a list you do not care about * losing its data. * */ static inline void list_cut_position(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, struct list_head *entry) { if (list_empty(head)) return; if (list_is_singular(head) && (head->next != entry && head != entry)) return; if (entry == head) INIT_LIST_HEAD(list); else __list_cut_position(list, head, entry); } /** * list_cut_before - cut a list into two, before given entry * @list: a new list to add all removed entries * @head: a list with entries * @entry: an entry within head, could be the head itself * * This helper moves the initial part of @head, up to but * excluding @entry, from @head to @list. You should pass * in @entry an element you know is on @head. @list should * be an empty list or a list you do not care about losing * its data. * If @entry == @head, all entries on @head are moved to * @list. */ static inline void list_cut_before(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, struct list_head *entry) { if (head->next == entry) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(list); return; } list->next = head->next; list->next->prev = list; list->prev = entry->prev; list->prev->next = list; head->next = entry; entry->prev = head; } static inline void __list_splice(const struct list_head *list, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next) { struct list_head *first = list->next; struct list_head *last = list->prev; first->prev = prev; prev->next = first; last->next = next; next->prev = last; } /** * list_splice - join two lists, this is designed for stacks * @list: the new list to add. * @head: the place to add it in the first list. */ static inline void list_splice(const struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice(list, head, head->next); } /** * list_splice_tail - join two lists, each list being a queue * @list: the new list to add. * @head: the place to add it in the first list. */ static inline void list_splice_tail(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice(list, head->prev, head); } /** * list_splice_init - join two lists and reinitialise the emptied list. * @list: the new list to add. * @head: the place to add it in the first list. * * The list at @list is reinitialised */ static inline void list_splice_init(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { if (!list_empty(list)) { __list_splice(list, head, head->next); INIT_LIST_HEAD(list); } } /** * list_splice_tail_init - join two lists and reinitialise the emptied list * @list: the new list to add. * @head: the place to add it in the first list. * * Each of the lists is a queue. * The list at @list is reinitialised */ static inline void list_splice_tail_init(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { if (!list_empty(list)) { __list_splice(list, head->prev, head); INIT_LIST_HEAD(list); } } /** * list_entry - get the struct for this entry * @ptr: the &struct list_head pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_entry(ptr, type, member) \ container_of(ptr, type, member) /** * list_first_entry - get the first element from a list * @ptr: the list head to take the element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note, that list is expected to be not empty. */ #define list_first_entry(ptr, type, member) \ list_entry((ptr)->next, type, member) /** * list_last_entry - get the last element from a list * @ptr: the list head to take the element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note, that list is expected to be not empty. */ #define list_last_entry(ptr, type, member) \ list_entry((ptr)->prev, type, member) /** * list_first_entry_or_null - get the first element from a list * @ptr: the list head to take the element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note that if the list is empty, it returns NULL. */ #define list_first_entry_or_null(ptr, type, member) ({ \ struct list_head *head__ = (ptr); \ struct list_head *pos__ = READ_ONCE(head__->next); \ pos__ != head__ ? list_entry(pos__, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * list_next_entry - get the next element in list * @pos: the type * to cursor * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_next_entry(pos, member) \ list_entry((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member) /** * list_prev_entry - get the prev element in list * @pos: the type * to cursor * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_prev_entry(pos, member) \ list_entry((pos)->member.prev, typeof(*(pos)), member) /** * list_for_each - iterate over a list * @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. */ #define list_for_each(pos, head) \ for (pos = (head)->next; pos != (head); pos = pos->next) /** * list_for_each_continue - continue iteration over a list * @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * * Continue to iterate over a list, continuing after the current position. */ #define list_for_each_continue(pos, head) \ for (pos = pos->next; pos != (head); pos = pos->next) /** * list_for_each_prev - iterate over a list backwards * @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. */ #define list_for_each_prev(pos, head) \ for (pos = (head)->prev; pos != (head); pos = pos->prev) /** * list_for_each_safe - iterate over a list safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another &struct list_head to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. */ #define list_for_each_safe(pos, n, head) \ for (pos = (head)->next, n = pos->next; pos != (head); \ pos = n, n = pos->next) /** * list_for_each_prev_safe - iterate over a list backwards safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another &struct list_head to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. */ #define list_for_each_prev_safe(pos, n, head) \ for (pos = (head)->prev, n = pos->prev; \ pos != (head); \ pos = n, n = pos->prev) /** * list_entry_is_head - test if the entry points to the head of the list * @pos: the type * to cursor * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member) \ (&pos->member == (head)) /** * list_for_each_entry - iterate over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_for_each_entry(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_first_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_next_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_reverse - iterate backwards over list of given type. * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_for_each_entry_reverse(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_last_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_prev_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_prepare_entry - prepare a pos entry for use in list_for_each_entry_continue() * @pos: the type * to use as a start point * @head: the head of the list * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Prepares a pos entry for use as a start point in list_for_each_entry_continue(). */ #define list_prepare_entry(pos, head, member) \ ((pos) ? : list_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_continue - continue iteration over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Continue to iterate over list of given type, continuing after * the current position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_continue(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_next_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_next_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse - iterate backwards from the given point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Start to iterate over list of given type backwards, continuing after * the current position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_prev_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_prev_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_from - iterate over list of given type from the current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Iterate over list of given type, continuing from current position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_from(pos, head, member) \ for (; !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_next_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_from_reverse - iterate backwards over list of given type * from the current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Iterate backwards over list of given type, continuing from current position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_from_reverse(pos, head, member) \ for (; !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_prev_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_safe - iterate over list of given type safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, head, member) \ for (pos = list_first_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member), \ n = list_next_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = n, n = list_next_entry(n, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_safe_continue - continue list iteration safe against removal * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Iterate over list of given type, continuing after current point, * safe against removal of list entry. */ #define list_for_each_entry_safe_continue(pos, n, head, member) \ for (pos = list_next_entry(pos, member), \ n = list_next_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = n, n = list_next_entry(n, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_safe_from - iterate over list from current point safe against removal * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Iterate over list of given type from current point, safe against * removal of list entry. */ #define list_for_each_entry_safe_from(pos, n, head, member) \ for (n = list_next_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = n, n = list_next_entry(n, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse - iterate backwards over list safe against removal * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Iterate backwards over list of given type, safe against removal * of list entry. */ #define list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse(pos, n, head, member) \ for (pos = list_last_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member), \ n = list_prev_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = n, n = list_prev_entry(n, member)) /** * list_safe_reset_next - reset a stale list_for_each_entry_safe loop * @pos: the loop cursor used in the list_for_each_entry_safe loop * @n: temporary storage used in list_for_each_entry_safe * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * list_safe_reset_next is not safe to use in general if the list may be * modified concurrently (eg. the lock is dropped in the loop body). An * exception to this is if the cursor element (pos) is pinned in the list, * and list_safe_reset_next is called after re-taking the lock and before * completing the current iteration of the loop body. */ #define list_safe_reset_next(pos, n, member) \ n = list_next_entry(pos, member) /* * Double linked lists with a single pointer list head. * Mostly useful for hash tables where the two pointer list head is * too wasteful. * You lose the ability to access the tail in O(1). */ #define HLIST_HEAD_INIT { .first = NULL } #define HLIST_HEAD(name) struct hlist_head name = { .first = NULL } #define INIT_HLIST_HEAD(ptr) ((ptr)->first = NULL) static inline void INIT_HLIST_NODE(struct hlist_node *h) { h->next = NULL; h->pprev = NULL; } /** * hlist_unhashed - Has node been removed from list and reinitialized? * @h: Node to be checked * * Not that not all removal functions will leave a node in unhashed * state. For example, hlist_nulls_del_init_rcu() does leave the * node in unhashed state, but hlist_nulls_del() does not. */ static inline int hlist_unhashed(const struct hlist_node *h) { return !h->pprev; } /** * hlist_unhashed_lockless - Version of hlist_unhashed for lockless use * @h: Node to be checked * * This variant of hlist_unhashed() must be used in lockless contexts * to avoid potential load-tearing. The READ_ONCE() is paired with the * various WRITE_ONCE() in hlist helpers that are defined below. */ static inline int hlist_unhashed_lockless(const struct hlist_node *h) { return !READ_ONCE(h->pprev); } /** * hlist_empty - Is the specified hlist_head structure an empty hlist? * @h: Structure to check. */ static inline int hlist_empty(const struct hlist_head *h) { return !READ_ONCE(h->first); } static inline void __hlist_del(struct hlist_node *n) { struct hlist_node *next = n->next; struct hlist_node **pprev = n->pprev; WRITE_ONCE(*pprev, next); if (next) WRITE_ONCE(next->pprev, pprev); } /** * hlist_del - Delete the specified hlist_node from its list * @n: Node to delete. * * Note that this function leaves the node in hashed state. Use * hlist_del_init() or similar instead to unhash @n. */ static inline void hlist_del(struct hlist_node *n) { __hlist_del(n); n->next = LIST_POISON1; n->pprev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * hlist_del_init - Delete the specified hlist_node from its list and initialize * @n: Node to delete. * * Note that this function leaves the node in unhashed state. */ static inline void hlist_del_init(struct hlist_node *n) { if (!hlist_unhashed(n)) { __hlist_del(n); INIT_HLIST_NODE(n); } } /** * hlist_add_head - add a new entry at the beginning of the hlist * @n: new entry to be added * @h: hlist head to add it after * * Insert a new entry after the specified head. * This is good for implementing stacks. */ static inline void hlist_add_head(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { struct hlist_node *first = h->first; WRITE_ONCE(n->next, first); if (first) WRITE_ONCE(first->pprev, &n->next); WRITE_ONCE(h->first, n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &h->first); } /** * hlist_add_before - add a new entry before the one specified * @n: new entry to be added * @next: hlist node to add it before, which must be non-NULL */ static inline void hlist_add_before(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *next) { WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, next->pprev); WRITE_ONCE(n->next, next); WRITE_ONCE(next->pprev, &n->next); WRITE_ONCE(*(n->pprev), n); } /** * hlist_add_behing - add a new entry after the one specified * @n: new entry to be added * @prev: hlist node to add it after, which must be non-NULL */ static inline void hlist_add_behind(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *prev) { WRITE_ONCE(n->next, prev->next); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &prev->next); if (n->next) WRITE_ONCE(n->next->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_add_fake - create a fake hlist consisting of a single headless node * @n: Node to make a fake list out of * * This makes @n appear to be its own predecessor on a headless hlist. * The point of this is to allow things like hlist_del() to work correctly * in cases where there is no list. */ static inline void hlist_add_fake(struct hlist_node *n) { n->pprev = &n->next; } /** * hlist_fake: Is this node a fake hlist? * @h: Node to check for being a self-referential fake hlist. */ static inline bool hlist_fake(struct hlist_node *h) { return h->pprev == &h->next; } /** * hlist_is_singular_node - is node the only element of the specified hlist? * @n: Node to check for singularity. * @h: Header for potentially singular list. * * Check whether the node is the only node of the head without * accessing head, thus avoiding unnecessary cache misses. */ static inline bool hlist_is_singular_node(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { return !n->next && n->pprev == &h->first; } /** * hlist_move_list - Move an hlist * @old: hlist_head for old list. * @new: hlist_head for new list. * * Move a list from one list head to another. Fixup the pprev * reference of the first entry if it exists. */ static inline void hlist_move_list(struct hlist_head *old, struct hlist_head *new) { new->first = old->first; if (new->first) new->first->pprev = &new->first; old->first = NULL; } #define hlist_entry(ptr, type, member) container_of(ptr,type,member) #define hlist_for_each(pos, head) \ for (pos = (head)->first; pos ; pos = pos->next) #define hlist_for_each_safe(pos, n, head) \ for (pos = (head)->first; pos && ({ n = pos->next; 1; }); \ pos = n) #define hlist_entry_safe(ptr, type, member) \ ({ typeof(ptr) ____ptr = (ptr); \ ____ptr ? hlist_entry(____ptr, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * hlist_for_each_entry - iterate over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe((head)->first, typeof(*(pos)), member);\ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_continue - iterate over a hlist continuing after current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_continue(pos, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member);\ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_from - iterate over a hlist continuing from current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_from(pos, member) \ for (; pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_safe - iterate over list of given type safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: a &struct hlist_node to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe((head)->first, typeof(*pos), member);\ pos && ({ n = pos->member.next; 1; }); \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(n, typeof(*pos), member)) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Percpu refcounts: * (C) 2012 Google, Inc. * Author: Kent Overstreet <koverstreet@google.com> * * This implements a refcount with similar semantics to atomic_t - atomic_inc(), * atomic_dec_and_test() - but percpu. * * There's one important difference between percpu refs and normal atomic_t * refcounts; you have to keep track of your initial refcount, and then when you * start shutting down you call percpu_ref_kill() _before_ dropping the initial * refcount. * * The refcount will have a range of 0 to ((1U << 31) - 1), i.e. one bit less * than an atomic_t - this is because of the way shutdown works, see * percpu_ref_kill()/PERCPU_COUNT_BIAS. * * Before you call percpu_ref_kill(), percpu_ref_put() does not check for the * refcount hitting 0 - it can't, if it was in percpu mode. percpu_ref_kill() * puts the ref back in single atomic_t mode, collecting the per cpu refs and * issuing the appropriate barriers, and then marks the ref as shutting down so * that percpu_ref_put() will check for the ref hitting 0. After it returns, * it's safe to drop the initial ref. * * USAGE: * * See fs/aio.c for some example usage; it's used there for struct kioctx, which * is created when userspaces calls io_setup(), and destroyed when userspace * calls io_destroy() or the process exits. * * In the aio code, kill_ioctx() is called when we wish to destroy a kioctx; it * removes the kioctx from the proccess's table of kioctxs and kills percpu_ref. * After that, there can't be any new users of the kioctx (from lookup_ioctx()) * and it's then safe to drop the initial ref with percpu_ref_put(). * * Note that the free path, free_ioctx(), needs to go through explicit call_rcu() * to synchronize with RCU protected lookup_ioctx(). percpu_ref operations don't * imply RCU grace periods of any kind and if a user wants to combine percpu_ref * with RCU protection, it must be done explicitly. * * Code that does a two stage shutdown like this often needs some kind of * explicit synchronization to ensure the initial refcount can only be dropped * once - percpu_ref_kill() does this for you, it returns true once and false if * someone else already called it. The aio code uses it this way, but it's not * necessary if the code has some other mechanism to synchronize teardown. * around. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PERCPU_REFCOUNT_H #define _LINUX_PERCPU_REFCOUNT_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> struct percpu_ref; typedef void (percpu_ref_func_t)(struct percpu_ref *); /* flags set in the lower bits of percpu_ref->percpu_count_ptr */ enum { __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC = 1LU << 0, /* operating in atomic mode */ __PERCPU_REF_DEAD = 1LU << 1, /* (being) killed */ __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC_DEAD = __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC | __PERCPU_REF_DEAD, __PERCPU_REF_FLAG_BITS = 2, }; /* @flags for percpu_ref_init() */ enum { /* * Start w/ ref == 1 in atomic mode. Can be switched to percpu * operation using percpu_ref_switch_to_percpu(). If initialized * with this flag, the ref will stay in atomic mode until * percpu_ref_switch_to_percpu() is invoked on it. * Implies ALLOW_REINIT. */ PERCPU_REF_INIT_ATOMIC = 1 << 0, /* * Start dead w/ ref == 0 in atomic mode. Must be revived with * percpu_ref_reinit() before used. Implies INIT_ATOMIC and * ALLOW_REINIT. */ PERCPU_REF_INIT_DEAD = 1 << 1, /* * Allow switching from atomic mode to percpu mode. */ PERCPU_REF_ALLOW_REINIT = 1 << 2, }; struct percpu_ref_data { atomic_long_t count; percpu_ref_func_t *release; percpu_ref_func_t *confirm_switch; bool force_atomic:1; bool allow_reinit:1; struct rcu_head rcu; struct percpu_ref *ref; }; struct percpu_ref { /* * The low bit of the pointer indicates whether the ref is in percpu * mode; if set, then get/put will manipulate the atomic_t. */ unsigned long percpu_count_ptr; /* * 'percpu_ref' is often embedded into user structure, and only * 'percpu_count_ptr' is required in fast path, move other fields * into 'percpu_ref_data', so we can reduce memory footprint in * fast path. */ struct percpu_ref_data *data; }; int __must_check percpu_ref_init(struct percpu_ref *ref, percpu_ref_func_t *release, unsigned int flags, gfp_t gfp); void percpu_ref_exit(struct percpu_ref *ref); void percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic(struct percpu_ref *ref, percpu_ref_func_t *confirm_switch); void percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic_sync(struct percpu_ref *ref); void percpu_ref_switch_to_percpu(struct percpu_ref *ref); void percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm(struct percpu_ref *ref, percpu_ref_func_t *confirm_kill); void percpu_ref_resurrect(struct percpu_ref *ref); void percpu_ref_reinit(struct percpu_ref *ref); bool percpu_ref_is_zero(struct percpu_ref *ref); /** * percpu_ref_kill - drop the initial ref * @ref: percpu_ref to kill * * Must be used to drop the initial ref on a percpu refcount; must be called * precisely once before shutdown. * * Switches @ref into atomic mode before gathering up the percpu counters * and dropping the initial ref. * * There are no implied RCU grace periods between kill and release. */ static inline void percpu_ref_kill(struct percpu_ref *ref) { percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm(ref, NULL); } /* * Internal helper. Don't use outside percpu-refcount proper. The * function doesn't return the pointer and let the caller test it for NULL * because doing so forces the compiler to generate two conditional * branches as it can't assume that @ref->percpu_count is not NULL. */ static inline bool __ref_is_percpu(struct percpu_ref *ref, unsigned long __percpu **percpu_countp) { unsigned long percpu_ptr; /* * The value of @ref->percpu_count_ptr is tested for * !__PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC, which may be set asynchronously, and then * used as a pointer. If the compiler generates a separate fetch * when using it as a pointer, __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC may be set in * between contaminating the pointer value, meaning that * READ_ONCE() is required when fetching it. * * The dependency ordering from the READ_ONCE() pairs * with smp_store_release() in __percpu_ref_switch_to_percpu(). */ percpu_ptr = READ_ONCE(ref->percpu_count_ptr); /* * Theoretically, the following could test just ATOMIC; however, * then we'd have to mask off DEAD separately as DEAD may be * visible without ATOMIC if we race with percpu_ref_kill(). DEAD * implies ATOMIC anyway. Test them together. */ if (unlikely(percpu_ptr & __PERCPU_REF_ATOMIC_DEAD)) return false; *percpu_countp = (unsigned long __percpu *)percpu_ptr; return true; } /** * percpu_ref_get_many - increment a percpu refcount * @ref: percpu_ref to get * @nr: number of references to get * * Analogous to atomic_long_add(). * * This function is safe to call as long as @ref is between init and exit. */ static inline void percpu_ref_get_many(struct percpu_ref *ref, unsigned long nr) { unsigned long __percpu *percpu_count; rcu_read_lock(); if (__ref_is_percpu(ref, &percpu_count)) this_cpu_add(*percpu_count, nr); else atomic_long_add(nr, &ref->data->count); rcu_read_unlock(); } /** * percpu_ref_get - increment a percpu refcount * @ref: percpu_ref to get * * Analagous to atomic_long_inc(). * * This function is safe to call as long as @ref is between init and exit. */ static inline void percpu_ref_get(struct percpu_ref *ref) { percpu_ref_get_many(ref, 1); } /** * percpu_ref_tryget_many - try to increment a percpu refcount * @ref: percpu_ref to try-get * @nr: number of references to get * * Increment a percpu refcount by @nr unless its count already reached zero. * Returns %true on success; %false on failure. * * This function is safe to call as long as @ref is between init and exit. */ static inline bool percpu_ref_tryget_many(struct percpu_ref *ref, unsigned long nr) { unsigned long __percpu *percpu_count; bool ret; rcu_read_lock(); if (__ref_is_percpu(ref, &percpu_count)) { this_cpu_add(*percpu_count, nr); ret = true; } else { ret = atomic_long_add_unless(&ref->data->count, nr, 0); } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * percpu_ref_tryget - try to increment a percpu refcount * @ref: percpu_ref to try-get * * Increment a percpu refcount unless its count already reached zero. * Returns %true on success; %false on failure. * * This function is safe to call as long as @ref is between init and exit. */ static inline bool percpu_ref_tryget(struct percpu_ref *ref) { return percpu_ref_tryget_many(ref, 1); } /** * percpu_ref_tryget_live - try to increment a live percpu refcount * @ref: percpu_ref to try-get * * Increment a percpu refcount unless it has already been killed. Returns * %true on success; %false on failure. * * Completion of percpu_ref_kill() in itself doesn't guarantee that this * function will fail. For such guarantee, percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm() * should be used. After the confirm_kill callback is invoked, it's * guaranteed that no new reference will be given out by * percpu_ref_tryget_live(). * * This function is safe to call as long as @ref is between init and exit. */ static inline bool percpu_ref_tryget_live(struct percpu_ref *ref) { unsigned long __percpu *percpu_count; bool ret = false; rcu_read_lock(); if (__ref_is_percpu(ref, &percpu_count)) { this_cpu_inc(*percpu_count); ret = true; } else if (!(ref->percpu_count_ptr & __PERCPU_REF_DEAD)) { ret = atomic_long_inc_not_zero(&ref->data->count); } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * percpu_ref_put_many - decrement a percpu refcount * @ref: percpu_ref to put * @nr: number of references to put * * Decrement the refcount, and if 0, call the release function (which was passed * to percpu_ref_init()) * * This function is safe to call as long as @ref is between init and exit. */ static inline void percpu_ref_put_many(struct percpu_ref *ref, unsigned long nr) { unsigned long __percpu *percpu_count; rcu_read_lock(); if (__ref_is_percpu(ref, &percpu_count)) this_cpu_sub(*percpu_count, nr); else if (unlikely(atomic_long_sub_and_test(nr, &ref->data->count))) ref->data->release(ref); rcu_read_unlock(); } /** * percpu_ref_put - decrement a percpu refcount * @ref: percpu_ref to put * * Decrement the refcount, and if 0, call the release function (which was passed * to percpu_ref_init()) * * This function is safe to call as long as @ref is between init and exit. */ static inline void percpu_ref_put(struct percpu_ref *ref) { percpu_ref_put_many(ref, 1); } /** * percpu_ref_is_dying - test whether a percpu refcount is dying or dead * @ref: percpu_ref to test * * Returns %true if @ref is dying or dead. * * This function is safe to call as long as @ref is between init and exit * and the caller is responsible for synchronizing against state changes. */ static inline bool percpu_ref_is_dying(struct percpu_ref *ref) { return ref->percpu_count_ptr & __PERCPU_REF_DEAD; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 #ifndef __LINUX_MROUTE_BASE_H #define __LINUX_MROUTE_BASE_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/fib_notifier.h> #include <net/ip_fib.h> /** * struct vif_device - interface representor for multicast routing * @dev: network device being used * @bytes_in: statistic; bytes ingressing * @bytes_out: statistic; bytes egresing * @pkt_in: statistic; packets ingressing * @pkt_out: statistic; packets egressing * @rate_limit: Traffic shaping (NI) * @threshold: TTL threshold * @flags: Control flags * @link: Physical interface index * @dev_parent_id: device parent id * @local: Local address * @remote: Remote address for tunnels */ struct vif_device { struct net_device *dev; unsigned long bytes_in, bytes_out; unsigned long pkt_in, pkt_out; unsigned long rate_limit; unsigned char threshold; unsigned short flags; int link; /* Currently only used by ipmr */ struct netdev_phys_item_id dev_parent_id; __be32 local, remote; }; struct vif_entry_notifier_info { struct fib_notifier_info info; struct net_device *dev; unsigned short vif_index; unsigned short vif_flags; u32 tb_id; }; static inline int mr_call_vif_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned short family, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct vif_device *vif, unsigned short vif_index, u32 tb_id, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { struct vif_entry_notifier_info info = { .info = { .family = family, .extack = extack, }, .dev = vif->dev, .vif_index = vif_index, .vif_flags = vif->flags, .tb_id = tb_id, }; return call_fib_notifier(nb, event_type, &info.info); } static inline int mr_call_vif_notifiers(struct net *net, unsigned short family, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct vif_device *vif, unsigned short vif_index, u32 tb_id, unsigned int *ipmr_seq) { struct vif_entry_notifier_info info = { .info = { .family = family, }, .dev = vif->dev, .vif_index = vif_index, .vif_flags = vif->flags, .tb_id = tb_id, }; ASSERT_RTNL(); (*ipmr_seq)++; return call_fib_notifiers(net, event_type, &info.info); } #ifndef MAXVIFS /* This one is nasty; value is defined in uapi using different symbols for * mroute and morute6 but both map into same 32. */ #define MAXVIFS 32 #endif #define VIF_EXISTS(_mrt, _idx) (!!((_mrt)->vif_table[_idx].dev)) /* mfc_flags: * MFC_STATIC - the entry was added statically (not by a routing daemon) * MFC_OFFLOAD - the entry was offloaded to the hardware */ enum { MFC_STATIC = BIT(0), MFC_OFFLOAD = BIT(1), }; /** * struct mr_mfc - common multicast routing entries * @mnode: rhashtable list * @mfc_parent: source interface (iif) * @mfc_flags: entry flags * @expires: unresolved entry expire time * @unresolved: unresolved cached skbs * @last_assert: time of last assert * @minvif: minimum VIF id * @maxvif: maximum VIF id * @bytes: bytes that have passed for this entry * @pkt: packets that have passed for this entry * @wrong_if: number of wrong source interface hits * @lastuse: time of last use of the group (traffic or update) * @ttls: OIF TTL threshold array * @refcount: reference count for this entry * @list: global entry list * @rcu: used for entry destruction * @free: Operation used for freeing an entry under RCU */ struct mr_mfc { struct rhlist_head mnode; unsigned short mfc_parent; int mfc_flags; union { struct { unsigned long expires; struct sk_buff_head unresolved; } unres; struct { unsigned long last_assert; int minvif; int maxvif; unsigned long bytes; unsigned long pkt; unsigned long wrong_if; unsigned long lastuse; unsigned char ttls[MAXVIFS]; refcount_t refcount; } res; } mfc_un; struct list_head list; struct rcu_head rcu; void (*free)(struct rcu_head *head); }; static inline void mr_cache_put(struct mr_mfc *c) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&c->mfc_un.res.refcount)) call_rcu(&c->rcu, c->free); } static inline void mr_cache_hold(struct mr_mfc *c) { refcount_inc(&c->mfc_un.res.refcount); } struct mfc_entry_notifier_info { struct fib_notifier_info info; struct mr_mfc *mfc; u32 tb_id; }; static inline int mr_call_mfc_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned short family, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct mr_mfc *mfc, u32 tb_id, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { struct mfc_entry_notifier_info info = { .info = { .family = family, .extack = extack, }, .mfc = mfc, .tb_id = tb_id }; return call_fib_notifier(nb, event_type, &info.info); } static inline int mr_call_mfc_notifiers(struct net *net, unsigned short family, enum fib_event_type event_type, struct mr_mfc *mfc, u32 tb_id, unsigned int *ipmr_seq) { struct mfc_entry_notifier_info info = { .info = { .family = family, }, .mfc = mfc, .tb_id = tb_id }; ASSERT_RTNL(); (*ipmr_seq)++; return call_fib_notifiers(net, event_type, &info.info); } struct mr_table; /** * struct mr_table_ops - callbacks and info for protocol-specific ops * @rht_params: parameters for accessing the MFC hash * @cmparg_any: a hash key to be used for matching on (*,*) routes */ struct mr_table_ops { const struct rhashtable_params *rht_params; void *cmparg_any; }; /** * struct mr_table - a multicast routing table * @list: entry within a list of multicast routing tables * @net: net where this table belongs * @ops: protocol specific operations * @id: identifier of the table * @mroute_sk: socket associated with the table * @ipmr_expire_timer: timer for handling unresolved routes * @mfc_unres_queue: list of unresolved MFC entries * @vif_table: array containing all possible vifs * @mfc_hash: Hash table of all resolved routes for easy lookup * @mfc_cache_list: list of resovled routes for possible traversal * @maxvif: Identifier of highest value vif currently in use * @cache_resolve_queue_len: current size of unresolved queue * @mroute_do_assert: Whether to inform userspace on wrong ingress * @mroute_do_pim: Whether to receive IGMP PIMv1 * @mroute_reg_vif_num: PIM-device vif index */ struct mr_table { struct list_head list; possible_net_t net; struct mr_table_ops ops; u32 id; struct sock __rcu *mroute_sk; struct timer_list ipmr_expire_timer; struct list_head mfc_unres_queue; struct vif_device vif_table[MAXVIFS]; struct rhltable mfc_hash; struct list_head mfc_cache_list; int maxvif; atomic_t cache_resolve_queue_len; bool mroute_do_assert; bool mroute_do_pim; bool mroute_do_wrvifwhole; int mroute_reg_vif_num; }; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MROUTE_COMMON void vif_device_init(struct vif_device *v, struct net_device *dev, unsigned long rate_limit, unsigned char threshold, unsigned short flags, unsigned short get_iflink_mask); struct mr_table * mr_table_alloc(struct net *net, u32 id, struct mr_table_ops *ops, void (*expire_func)(struct timer_list *t), void (*table_set)(struct mr_table *mrt, struct net *net)); /* These actually return 'struct mr_mfc *', but to avoid need for explicit * castings they simply return void. */ void *mr_mfc_find_parent(struct mr_table *mrt, void *hasharg, int parent); void *mr_mfc_find_any_parent(struct mr_table *mrt, int vifi); void *mr_mfc_find_any(struct mr_table *mrt, int vifi, void *hasharg); int mr_fill_mroute(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, struct mr_mfc *c, struct rtmsg *rtm); int mr_table_dump(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, int (*fill)(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, struct mr_mfc *c, int cmd, int flags), spinlock_t *lock, struct fib_dump_filter *filter); int mr_rtm_dumproute(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, struct mr_table *(*iter)(struct net *net, struct mr_table *mrt), int (*fill)(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, struct mr_mfc *c, int cmd, int flags), spinlock_t *lock, struct fib_dump_filter *filter); int mr_dump(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned short family, int (*rules_dump)(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack), struct mr_table *(*mr_iter)(struct net *net, struct mr_table *mrt), rwlock_t *mrt_lock, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); #else static inline void vif_device_init(struct vif_device *v, struct net_device *dev, unsigned long rate_limit, unsigned char threshold, unsigned short flags, unsigned short get_iflink_mask) { } static inline void *mr_mfc_find_parent(struct mr_table *mrt, void *hasharg, int parent) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_mfc_find_any_parent(struct mr_table *mrt, int vifi) { return NULL; } static inline struct mr_mfc *mr_mfc_find_any(struct mr_table *mrt, int vifi, void *hasharg) { return NULL; } static inline int mr_fill_mroute(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, struct mr_mfc *c, struct rtmsg *rtm) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int mr_rtm_dumproute(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, struct mr_table *(*iter)(struct net *net, struct mr_table *mrt), int (*fill)(struct mr_table *mrt, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, struct mr_mfc *c, int cmd, int flags), spinlock_t *lock, struct fib_dump_filter *filter) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int mr_dump(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned short family, int (*rules_dump)(struct net *net, struct notifier_block *nb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack), struct mr_table *(*mr_iter)(struct net *net, struct mr_table *mrt), rwlock_t *mrt_lock, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { return -EINVAL; } #endif static inline void *mr_mfc_find(struct mr_table *mrt, void *hasharg) { return mr_mfc_find_parent(mrt, hasharg, -1); } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct mr_vif_iter { struct seq_net_private p; struct mr_table *mrt; int ct; }; struct mr_mfc_iter { struct seq_net_private p; struct mr_table *mrt; struct list_head *cache; /* Lock protecting the mr_table's unresolved queue */ spinlock_t *lock; }; #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MROUTE_COMMON void *mr_vif_seq_idx(struct net *net, struct mr_vif_iter *iter, loff_t pos); void *mr_vif_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); static inline void *mr_vif_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos) { return *pos ? mr_vif_seq_idx(seq_file_net(seq), seq->private, *pos - 1) : SEQ_START_TOKEN; } /* These actually return 'struct mr_mfc *', but to avoid need for explicit * castings they simply return void. */ void *mr_mfc_seq_idx(struct net *net, struct mr_mfc_iter *it, loff_t pos); void *mr_mfc_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); static inline void *mr_mfc_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos, struct mr_table *mrt, spinlock_t *lock) { struct mr_mfc_iter *it = seq->private; it->mrt = mrt; it->cache = NULL; it->lock = lock; return *pos ? mr_mfc_seq_idx(seq_file_net(seq), seq->private, *pos - 1) : SEQ_START_TOKEN; } static inline void mr_mfc_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct mr_mfc_iter *it = seq->private; struct mr_table *mrt = it->mrt; if (it->cache == &mrt->mfc_unres_queue) spin_unlock_bh(it->lock); else if (it->cache == &mrt->mfc_cache_list) rcu_read_unlock(); } #else static inline void *mr_vif_seq_idx(struct net *net, struct mr_vif_iter *iter, loff_t pos) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_vif_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_vif_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_mfc_seq_idx(struct net *net, struct mr_mfc_iter *it, loff_t pos) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_mfc_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos) { return NULL; } static inline void *mr_mfc_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos, struct mr_table *mrt, spinlock_t *lock) { return NULL; } static inline void mr_mfc_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { } #endif #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/cpu.h - generic cpu definition * * This is mainly for topological representation. We define the * basic 'struct cpu' here, which can be embedded in per-arch * definitions of processors. * * Basic handling of the devices is done in drivers/base/cpu.c * * CPUs are exported via sysfs in the devices/system/cpu * directory. */ #ifndef _LINUX_CPU_H_ #define _LINUX_CPU_H_ #include <linux/node.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/cpuhotplug.h> struct device; struct device_node; struct attribute_group; struct cpu { int node_id; /* The node which contains the CPU */ int hotpluggable; /* creates sysfs control file if hotpluggable */ struct device dev; }; extern void boot_cpu_init(void); extern void boot_cpu_hotplug_init(void); extern void cpu_init(void); extern void trap_init(void); extern int register_cpu(struct cpu *cpu, int num); extern struct device *get_cpu_device(unsigned cpu); extern bool cpu_is_hotpluggable(unsigned cpu); extern bool arch_match_cpu_phys_id(int cpu, u64 phys_id); extern bool arch_find_n_match_cpu_physical_id(struct device_node *cpun, int cpu, unsigned int *thread); extern int cpu_add_dev_attr(struct device_attribute *attr); extern void cpu_remove_dev_attr(struct device_attribute *attr); extern int cpu_add_dev_attr_group(struct attribute_group *attrs); extern void cpu_remove_dev_attr_group(struct attribute_group *attrs); extern ssize_t cpu_show_meltdown(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_spectre_v1(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_spectre_v2(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_spec_store_bypass(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_l1tf(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_mds(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_tsx_async_abort(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_itlb_multihit(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern ssize_t cpu_show_srbds(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); extern __printf(4, 5) struct device *cpu_device_create(struct device *parent, void *drvdata, const struct attribute_group **groups, const char *fmt, ...); #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU extern void unregister_cpu(struct cpu *cpu); extern ssize_t arch_cpu_probe(const char *, size_t); extern ssize_t arch_cpu_release(const char *, size_t); #endif /* * These states are not related to the core CPU hotplug mechanism. They are * used by various (sub)architectures to track internal state */ #define CPU_ONLINE 0x0002 /* CPU is up */ #define CPU_UP_PREPARE 0x0003 /* CPU coming up */ #define CPU_DEAD 0x0007 /* CPU dead */ #define CPU_DEAD_FROZEN 0x0008 /* CPU timed out on unplug */ #define CPU_POST_DEAD 0x0009 /* CPU successfully unplugged */ #define CPU_BROKEN 0x000B /* CPU did not die properly */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern bool cpuhp_tasks_frozen; int add_cpu(unsigned int cpu); int cpu_device_up(struct device *dev); void notify_cpu_starting(unsigned int cpu); extern void cpu_maps_update_begin(void); extern void cpu_maps_update_done(void); int bringup_hibernate_cpu(unsigned int sleep_cpu); void bringup_nonboot_cpus(unsigned int setup_max_cpus); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ #define cpuhp_tasks_frozen 0 static inline void cpu_maps_update_begin(void) { } static inline void cpu_maps_update_done(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ extern struct bus_type cpu_subsys; #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU extern void cpus_write_lock(void); extern void cpus_write_unlock(void); extern void cpus_read_lock(void); extern void cpus_read_unlock(void); extern int cpus_read_trylock(void); extern void lockdep_assert_cpus_held(void); extern void cpu_hotplug_disable(void); extern void cpu_hotplug_enable(void); void clear_tasks_mm_cpumask(int cpu); int remove_cpu(unsigned int cpu); int cpu_device_down(struct device *dev); extern void smp_shutdown_nonboot_cpus(unsigned int primary_cpu); #else /* CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */ static inline void cpus_write_lock(void) { } static inline void cpus_write_unlock(void) { } static inline void cpus_read_lock(void) { } static inline void cpus_read_unlock(void) { } static inline int cpus_read_trylock(void) { return true; } static inline void lockdep_assert_cpus_held(void) { } static inline void cpu_hotplug_disable(void) { } static inline void cpu_hotplug_enable(void) { } static inline void smp_shutdown_nonboot_cpus(unsigned int primary_cpu) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */ /* Wrappers which go away once all code is converted */ static inline void cpu_hotplug_begin(void) { cpus_write_lock(); } static inline void cpu_hotplug_done(void) { cpus_write_unlock(); } static inline void get_online_cpus(void) { cpus_read_lock(); } static inline void put_online_cpus(void) { cpus_read_unlock(); } #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP extern int freeze_secondary_cpus(int primary); extern void thaw_secondary_cpus(void); static inline int suspend_disable_secondary_cpus(void) { int cpu = 0; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP_NONZERO_CPU)) cpu = -1; return freeze_secondary_cpus(cpu); } static inline void suspend_enable_secondary_cpus(void) { return thaw_secondary_cpus(); } #else /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP */ static inline void thaw_secondary_cpus(void) {} static inline int suspend_disable_secondary_cpus(void) { return 0; } static inline void suspend_enable_secondary_cpus(void) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP */ void cpu_startup_entry(enum cpuhp_state state); void cpu_idle_poll_ctrl(bool enable); /* Attach to any functions which should be considered cpuidle. */ #define __cpuidle __section(".cpuidle.text") bool cpu_in_idle(unsigned long pc); void arch_cpu_idle(void); void arch_cpu_idle_prepare(void); void arch_cpu_idle_enter(void); void arch_cpu_idle_exit(void); void arch_cpu_idle_dead(void); int cpu_report_state(int cpu); int cpu_check_up_prepare(int cpu); void cpu_set_state_online(int cpu); void play_idle_precise(u64 duration_ns, u64 latency_ns); static inline void play_idle(unsigned long duration_us) { play_idle_precise(duration_us * NSEC_PER_USEC, U64_MAX); } #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU bool cpu_wait_death(unsigned int cpu, int seconds); bool cpu_report_death(void); void cpuhp_report_idle_dead(void); #else static inline void cpuhp_report_idle_dead(void) { } #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */ enum cpuhp_smt_control { CPU_SMT_ENABLED, CPU_SMT_DISABLED, CPU_SMT_FORCE_DISABLED, CPU_SMT_NOT_SUPPORTED, CPU_SMT_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, }; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_SMT) extern enum cpuhp_smt_control cpu_smt_control; extern void cpu_smt_disable(bool force); extern void cpu_smt_check_topology(void); extern bool cpu_smt_possible(void); extern int cpuhp_smt_enable(void); extern int cpuhp_smt_disable(enum cpuhp_smt_control ctrlval); #else # define cpu_smt_control (CPU_SMT_NOT_IMPLEMENTED) static inline void cpu_smt_disable(bool force) { } static inline void cpu_smt_check_topology(void) { } static inline bool cpu_smt_possible(void) { return false; } static inline int cpuhp_smt_enable(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuhp_smt_disable(enum cpuhp_smt_control ctrlval) { return 0; } #endif extern bool cpu_mitigations_off(void); extern bool cpu_mitigations_auto_nosmt(void); #endif /* _LINUX_CPU_H_ */
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2821 2822 2823 2824 2825 2826 2827 2828 2829 2830 2831 2832 2833 2834 2835 2836 2837 2838 2839 2840 2841 2842 2843 2844 2845 2846 2847 2848 2849 2850 2851 2852 2853 2854 2855 2856 2857 2858 2859 2860 2861 2862 2863 2864 2865 2866 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871 2872 2873 2874 2875 2876 2877 2878 2879 2880 2881 2882 2883 2884 2885 2886 2887 2888 2889 2890 2891 2892 2893 2894 2895 2896 2897 2898 2899 2900 2901 2902 2903 2904 2905 2906 2907 2908 2909 2910 2911 2912 2913 2914 2915 2916 2917 2918 2919 2920 2921 2922 2923 2924 2925 2926 2927 2928 2929 2930 2931 2932 2933 2934 2935 2936 2937 2938 2939 2940 2941 2942 2943 2944 2945 2946 2947 2948 2949 2950 2951 2952 2953 2954 2955 2956 2957 2958 2959 2960 2961 2962 2963 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Kernel Probes (KProbes) * kernel/kprobes.c * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004 * * 2002-Oct Created by Vamsi Krishna S <vamsi_krishna@in.ibm.com> Kernel * Probes initial implementation (includes suggestions from * Rusty Russell). * 2004-Aug Updated by Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> with * hlists and exceptions notifier as suggested by Andi Kleen. * 2004-July Suparna Bhattacharya <suparna@in.ibm.com> added jumper probes * interface to access function arguments. * 2004-Sep Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> Changed Kprobes * exceptions notifier to be first on the priority list. * 2005-May Hien Nguyen <hien@us.ibm.com>, Jim Keniston * <jkenisto@us.ibm.com> and Prasanna S Panchamukhi * <prasanna@in.ibm.com> added function-return probes. */ #include <linux/kprobes.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/moduleloader.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/kdebug.h> #include <linux/memory.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/static_call.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #define KPROBE_HASH_BITS 6 #define KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE (1 << KPROBE_HASH_BITS) static int kprobes_initialized; /* kprobe_table can be accessed by * - Normal hlist traversal and RCU add/del under kprobe_mutex is held. * Or * - RCU hlist traversal under disabling preempt (breakpoint handlers) */ static struct hlist_head kprobe_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; static struct hlist_head kretprobe_inst_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_all_disarmed; /* This protects kprobe_table and optimizing_list */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_mutex); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe *, kprobe_instance) = NULL; static struct { raw_spinlock_t lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; } kretprobe_table_locks[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; kprobe_opcode_t * __weak kprobe_lookup_name(const char *name, unsigned int __unused) { return ((kprobe_opcode_t *)(kallsyms_lookup_name(name))); } static raw_spinlock_t *kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(unsigned long hash) { return &(kretprobe_table_locks[hash].lock); } /* Blacklist -- list of struct kprobe_blacklist_entry */ static LIST_HEAD(kprobe_blacklist); #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT /* * kprobe->ainsn.insn points to the copy of the instruction to be * single-stepped. x86_64, POWER4 and above have no-exec support and * stepping on the instruction on a vmalloced/kmalloced/data page * is a recipe for disaster */ struct kprobe_insn_page { struct list_head list; kprobe_opcode_t *insns; /* Page of instruction slots */ struct kprobe_insn_cache *cache; int nused; int ngarbage; char slot_used[]; }; #define KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots) \ (offsetof(struct kprobe_insn_page, slot_used) + \ (sizeof(char) * (slots))) static int slots_per_page(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { return PAGE_SIZE/(c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); } enum kprobe_slot_state { SLOT_CLEAN = 0, SLOT_DIRTY = 1, SLOT_USED = 2, }; void __weak *alloc_insn_page(void) { return module_alloc(PAGE_SIZE); } void __weak free_insn_page(void *page) { module_memfree(page); } struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_insn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_insn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_insn_slots.pages), .insn_size = MAX_INSN_SIZE, .nr_garbage = 0, }; static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c); /** * __get_insn_slot() - Find a slot on an executable page for an instruction. * We allocate an executable page if there's no room on existing ones. */ kprobe_opcode_t *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; kprobe_opcode_t *slot = NULL; /* Since the slot array is not protected by rcu, we need a mutex */ mutex_lock(&c->mutex); retry: rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (kip->nused < slots_per_page(c)) { int i; for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_CLEAN) { kip->slot_used[i] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused++; slot = kip->insns + (i * c->insn_size); rcu_read_unlock(); goto out; } } /* kip->nused is broken. Fix it. */ kip->nused = slots_per_page(c); WARN_ON(1); } } rcu_read_unlock(); /* If there are any garbage slots, collect it and try again. */ if (c->nr_garbage && collect_garbage_slots(c) == 0) goto retry; /* All out of space. Need to allocate a new page. */ kip = kmalloc(KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots_per_page(c)), GFP_KERNEL); if (!kip) goto out; /* * Use module_alloc so this page is within +/- 2GB of where the * kernel image and loaded module images reside. This is required * so x86_64 can correctly handle the %rip-relative fixups. */ kip->insns = c->alloc(); if (!kip->insns) { kfree(kip); goto out; } INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kip->list); memset(kip->slot_used, SLOT_CLEAN, slots_per_page(c)); kip->slot_used[0] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused = 1; kip->ngarbage = 0; kip->cache = c; list_add_rcu(&kip->list, &c->pages); slot = kip->insns; /* Record the perf ksymbol register event after adding the page */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, false, c->sym); out: mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); return slot; } /* Return 1 if all garbages are collected, otherwise 0. */ static int collect_one_slot(struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, int idx) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_CLEAN; kip->nused--; if (kip->nused == 0) { /* * Page is no longer in use. Free it unless * it's the last one. We keep the last one * so as not to have to set it up again the * next time somebody inserts a probe. */ if (!list_is_singular(&kip->list)) { /* * Record perf ksymbol unregister event before removing * the page. */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, true, kip->cache->sym); list_del_rcu(&kip->list); synchronize_rcu(); kip->cache->free(kip->insns); kfree(kip); } return 1; } return 0; } static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, *next; /* Ensure no-one is interrupted on the garbages */ synchronize_rcu(); list_for_each_entry_safe(kip, next, &c->pages, list) { int i; if (kip->ngarbage == 0) continue; kip->ngarbage = 0; /* we will collect all garbages */ for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_DIRTY && collect_one_slot(kip, i)) break; } } c->nr_garbage = 0; return 0; } void __free_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; long idx; mutex_lock(&c->mutex); rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { idx = ((long)slot - (long)kip->insns) / (c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); if (idx >= 0 && idx < slots_per_page(c)) goto out; } /* Could not find this slot. */ WARN_ON(1); kip = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); /* Mark and sweep: this may sleep */ if (kip) { /* Check double free */ WARN_ON(kip->slot_used[idx] != SLOT_USED); if (dirty) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_DIRTY; kip->ngarbage++; if (++c->nr_garbage > slots_per_page(c)) collect_garbage_slots(c); } else { collect_one_slot(kip, idx); } } mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); } /* * Check given address is on the page of kprobe instruction slots. * This will be used for checking whether the address on a stack * is on a text area or not. */ bool __is_insn_slot_addr(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; bool ret = false; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)kip->insns && addr < (unsigned long)kip->insns + PAGE_SIZE) { ret = true; break; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } int kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; int ret = -ERANGE; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if ((*symnum)--) continue; strlcpy(sym, c->sym, KSYM_NAME_LEN); *type = 't'; *value = (unsigned long)kip->insns; ret = 0; break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* For optimized_kprobe buffer */ struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_optinsn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_optinsn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_OPTINSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_optinsn_slots.pages), /* .insn_size is initialized later */ .nr_garbage = 0, }; #endif #endif /* We have preemption disabled.. so it is safe to use __ versions */ static inline void set_kprobe_instance(struct kprobe *kp) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, kp); } static inline void reset_kprobe_instance(void) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, NULL); } /* * This routine is called either: * - under the kprobe_mutex - during kprobe_[un]register() * OR * - with preemption disabled - from arch/xxx/kernel/kprobes.c */ struct kprobe *get_kprobe(void *addr) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; head = &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist, lockdep_is_held(&kprobe_mutex)) { if (p->addr == addr) return p; } return NULL; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(get_kprobe); static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs); /* Return true if the kprobe is an aggregator */ static inline int kprobe_aggrprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return p->pre_handler == aggr_pre_handler; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is unused */ static inline int kprobe_unused(struct kprobe *p) { return kprobe_aggrprobe(p) && kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&p->list); } /* * Keep all fields in the kprobe consistent */ static inline void copy_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { memcpy(&p->opcode, &ap->opcode, sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); memcpy(&p->ainsn, &ap->ainsn, sizeof(struct arch_specific_insn)); } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_allow_optimization; /* * Call all pre_handler on the list, but ignores its return value. * This must be called from arch-dep optimized caller. */ void opt_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->pre_handler(kp, regs); } reset_kprobe_instance(); } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(opt_pre_handler); /* Free optimized instructions and optimized_kprobe */ static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(op); } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is ready for optimization. */ static inline int kprobe_optready(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn); } return 0; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is disarmed. Note: p must be on hash list */ static inline int kprobe_disarmed(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* If kprobe is not aggr/opt probe, just return kprobe is disabled */ if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) return kprobe_disabled(p); op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&op->list); } /* Return true(!0) if the probe is queued on (un)optimizing lists */ static int kprobe_queued(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Return an optimized kprobe whose optimizing code replaces * instructions including addr (exclude breakpoint). */ static struct kprobe *get_optimized_kprobe(unsigned long addr) { int i; struct kprobe *p = NULL; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Don't check i == 0, since that is a breakpoint case. */ for (i = 1; !p && i < MAX_OPTIMIZED_LENGTH; i++) p = get_kprobe((void *)(addr - i)); if (p && kprobe_optready(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (arch_within_optimized_kprobe(op, addr)) return p; } return NULL; } /* Optimization staging list, protected by kprobe_mutex */ static LIST_HEAD(optimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(unoptimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(freeing_list); static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(optimizing_work, kprobe_optimizer); #define OPTIMIZE_DELAY 5 /* * Optimize (replace a breakpoint with a jump) kprobes listed on * optimizing_list. */ static void do_optimize_kprobes(void) { lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* * The optimization/unoptimization refers online_cpus via * stop_machine() and cpu-hotplug modifies online_cpus. * And same time, text_mutex will be held in cpu-hotplug and here. * This combination can cause a deadlock (cpu-hotplug try to lock * text_mutex but stop_machine can not be done because online_cpus * has been changed) * To avoid this deadlock, caller must have locked cpu hotplug * for preventing cpu-hotplug outside of text_mutex locking. */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Optimization never be done when disarmed */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed || !kprobes_allow_optimization || list_empty(&optimizing_list)) return; arch_optimize_kprobes(&optimizing_list); } /* * Unoptimize (replace a jump with a breakpoint and remove the breakpoint * if need) kprobes listed on unoptimizing_list. */ static void do_unoptimize_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* See comment in do_optimize_kprobes() */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Unoptimization must be done anytime */ if (list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) return; arch_unoptimize_kprobes(&unoptimizing_list, &freeing_list); /* Loop free_list for disarming */ list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { /* Switching from detour code to origin */ op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* Disarm probes if marked disabled */ if (kprobe_disabled(&op->kp)) arch_disarm_kprobe(&op->kp); if (kprobe_unused(&op->kp)) { /* * Remove unused probes from hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, these probes are reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes.) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } else list_del_init(&op->list); } } /* Reclaim all kprobes on the free_list */ static void do_free_cleaned_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { list_del_init(&op->list); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!kprobe_unused(&op->kp))) { /* * This must not happen, but if there is a kprobe * still in use, keep it on kprobes hash list. */ continue; } free_aggr_kprobe(&op->kp); } } /* Start optimizer after OPTIMIZE_DELAY passed */ static void kick_kprobe_optimizer(void) { schedule_delayed_work(&optimizing_work, OPTIMIZE_DELAY); } /* Kprobe jump optimizer */ static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); /* * Step 1: Unoptimize kprobes and collect cleaned (unused and disarmed) * kprobes before waiting for quiesence period. */ do_unoptimize_kprobes(); /* * Step 2: Wait for quiesence period to ensure all potentially * preempted tasks to have normally scheduled. Because optprobe * may modify multiple instructions, there is a chance that Nth * instruction is preempted. In that case, such tasks can return * to 2nd-Nth byte of jump instruction. This wait is for avoiding it. * Note that on non-preemptive kernel, this is transparently converted * to synchronoze_sched() to wait for all interrupts to have completed. */ synchronize_rcu_tasks(); /* Step 3: Optimize kprobes after quiesence period */ do_optimize_kprobes(); /* Step 4: Free cleaned kprobes after quiesence period */ do_free_cleaned_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); /* Step 5: Kick optimizer again if needed */ if (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) kick_kprobe_optimizer(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } /* Wait for completing optimization and unoptimization */ void wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(void) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); while (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* this will also make optimizing_work execute immmediately */ flush_delayed_work(&optimizing_work); /* @optimizing_work might not have been queued yet, relax */ cpu_relax(); mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static bool optprobe_queued_unopt(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { struct optimized_kprobe *_op; list_for_each_entry(_op, &unoptimizing_list, list) { if (op == _op) return true; } return false; } /* Optimize kprobe if p is ready to be optimized */ static void optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Check if the kprobe is disabled or not ready for optimization. */ if (!kprobe_optready(p) || !kprobes_allow_optimization || (kprobe_disabled(p) || kprobes_all_disarmed)) return; /* kprobes with post_handler can not be optimized */ if (p->post_handler) return; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); /* Check there is no other kprobes at the optimized instructions */ if (arch_check_optimized_kprobe(op) < 0) return; /* Check if it is already optimized. */ if (op->kp.flags & KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* This is under unoptimizing. Just dequeue the probe */ list_del_init(&op->list); } return; } op->kp.flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* On unoptimizing/optimizing_list, op must have OPTIMIZED flag */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&op->list))) return; list_add(&op->list, &optimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } /* Short cut to direct unoptimizing */ static void force_unoptimize_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); arch_unoptimize_kprobe(op); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } /* Unoptimize a kprobe if p is optimized */ static void unoptimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool force) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p) || kprobe_disarmed(p)) return; /* This is not an optprobe nor optimized */ op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!kprobe_optimized(p)) return; if (!list_empty(&op->list)) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* Queued in unoptimizing queue */ if (force) { /* * Forcibly unoptimize the kprobe here, and queue it * in the freeing list for release afterwards. */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); list_move(&op->list, &freeing_list); } } else { /* Dequeue from the optimizing queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } return; } /* Optimized kprobe case */ if (force) { /* Forcibly update the code: this is a special case */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); } else { list_add(&op->list, &unoptimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } } /* Cancel unoptimizing for reusing */ static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* * Unused kprobe MUST be on the way of delayed unoptimizing (means * there is still a relative jump) and disabled. */ op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); WARN_ON_ONCE(list_empty(&op->list)); /* Enable the probe again */ ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Optimize it again (remove from op->list) */ if (!kprobe_optready(ap)) return -EINVAL; optimize_kprobe(ap); return 0; } /* Remove optimized instructions */ static void kill_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) /* Dequeue from the (un)optimization queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; if (kprobe_unused(p)) { /* Enqueue if it is unused */ list_add(&op->list, &freeing_list); /* * Remove unused probes from the hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, this probe is reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes().) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } /* Don't touch the code, because it is already freed. */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); } static inline void __prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op, struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) arch_prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Try to prepare optimized instructions */ static void prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Allocate new optimized_kprobe and try to prepare optimized instructions */ static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = kzalloc(sizeof(struct optimized_kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); if (!op) return NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&op->list); op->kp.addr = p->addr; __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); return &op->kp; } static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p); /* * Prepare an optimized_kprobe and optimize it * NOTE: p must be a normal registered kprobe */ static void try_to_optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Impossible to optimize ftrace-based kprobe */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p)) return; /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ cpus_read_lock(); jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(p); if (!ap) goto out; op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn)) { /* If failed to setup optimizing, fallback to kprobe */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); kfree(op); goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, p); optimize_kprobe(ap); /* This just kicks optimizer thread */ out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); } static void optimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already allowed, just return */ if (kprobes_allow_optimization) goto out; cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) optimize_kprobe(p); } cpus_read_unlock(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally optimized\n"); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL static void unoptimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already prohibited, just return */ if (!kprobes_allow_optimization) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return; } cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = false; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) unoptimize_kprobe(p, false); } } cpus_read_unlock(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for unoptimizing completion */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally unoptimized\n"); } static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_sysctl_mutex); int sysctl_kprobes_optimization; int proc_kprobes_optimization_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); sysctl_kprobes_optimization = kprobes_allow_optimization ? 1 : 0; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, length, ppos); if (sysctl_kprobes_optimization) optimize_all_kprobes(); else unoptimize_all_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */ /* Put a breakpoint for a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Check collision with other optimized kprobes */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p)) /* Fallback to unoptimized kprobe */ unoptimize_kprobe(_p, true); arch_arm_kprobe(p); optimize_kprobe(p); /* Try to optimize (add kprobe to a list) */ } /* Remove the breakpoint of a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool reopt) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Try to unoptimize */ unoptimize_kprobe(p, kprobes_all_disarmed); if (!kprobe_queued(p)) { arch_disarm_kprobe(p); /* If another kprobe was blocked, optimize it. */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p) && reopt) optimize_kprobe(_p); } /* TODO: reoptimize others after unoptimized this probe */ } #else /* !CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #define optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define unoptimize_kprobe(p, f) do {} while (0) #define kill_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define prepare_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define try_to_optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define __arm_kprobe(p) arch_arm_kprobe(p) #define __disarm_kprobe(p, o) arch_disarm_kprobe(p) #define kprobe_disarmed(p) kprobe_disabled(p) #define wait_for_kprobe_optimizer() do {} while (0) static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { /* * If the optimized kprobe is NOT supported, the aggr kprobe is * released at the same time that the last aggregated kprobe is * unregistered. * Thus there should be no chance to reuse unused kprobe. */ printk(KERN_ERR "Error: There should be no unused kprobe here.\n"); return -EINVAL; } static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(p); } static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return kzalloc(sizeof(struct kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); } #endif /* CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ftrace_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS, }; static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ipmodify_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS | FTRACE_OPS_FL_IPMODIFY, }; static int kprobe_ipmodify_enabled; static int kprobe_ftrace_enabled; /* Must ensure p->addr is really on ftrace */ static int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); return arch_prepare_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 0, 0); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to arm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } if (*cnt == 0) { ret = register_ftrace_function(ops); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to init kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret); goto err_ftrace; } } (*cnt)++; return ret; err_ftrace: /* * At this point, sinec ops is not registered, we should be sefe from * registering empty filter. */ ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); return ret; } static int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __arm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; if (*cnt == 1) { ret = unregister_ftrace_function(ops); if (WARN(ret < 0, "Failed to unregister kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret)) return ret; } (*cnt)--; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); WARN_ONCE(ret < 0, "Failed to disarm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } static int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ static inline int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); } static inline int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } static inline int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } #endif /* Arm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return arm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __arm_kprobe(kp); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* Disarm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp, bool reopt) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return disarm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __disarm_kprobe(kp, reopt); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* * Aggregate handlers for multiple kprobes support - these handlers * take care of invoking the individual kprobe handlers on p->list */ static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); if (kp->pre_handler(kp, regs)) return 1; } reset_kprobe_instance(); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_pre_handler); static void aggr_post_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long flags) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->post_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->post_handler(kp, regs, flags); reset_kprobe_instance(); } } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_post_handler); static int aggr_fault_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr) { struct kprobe *cur = __this_cpu_read(kprobe_instance); /* * if we faulted "during" the execution of a user specified * probe handler, invoke just that probe's fault handler */ if (cur && cur->fault_handler) { if (cur->fault_handler(cur, regs, trapnr)) return 1; } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_fault_handler); /* Walks the list and increments nmissed count for multiprobe case */ void kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { p->nmissed++; } else { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) kp->nmissed++; } return; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobes_inc_nmissed_count); static void recycle_rp_inst(struct kretprobe_instance *ri) { struct kretprobe *rp = ri->rp; /* remove rp inst off the rprobe_inst_table */ hlist_del(&ri->hlist); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); if (likely(rp)) { raw_spin_lock(&rp->lock); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock(&rp->lock); } else kfree_rcu(ri, rcu); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(recycle_rp_inst); static void kretprobe_hash_lock(struct task_struct *tsk, struct hlist_head **head, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; *head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_lock); static void kretprobe_table_lock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_lock); static void kretprobe_hash_unlock(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_unlock); static void kretprobe_table_unlock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_unlock); static struct kprobe kprobe_busy = { .addr = (void *) get_kprobe, }; void kprobe_busy_begin(void) { struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb; preempt_disable(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &kprobe_busy); kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk(); kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE; } void kprobe_busy_end(void) { __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, NULL); preempt_enable(); } /* * This function is called from finish_task_switch when task tk becomes dead, * so that we can recycle any function-return probe instances associated * with this task. These left over instances represent probed functions * that have been called but will never return. */ void kprobe_flush_task(struct task_struct *tk) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long hash, flags = 0; if (unlikely(!kprobes_initialized)) /* Early boot. kretprobe_table_locks not yet initialized. */ return; kprobe_busy_begin(); hash = hash_ptr(tk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task == tk) recycle_rp_inst(ri); } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); kprobe_busy_end(); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_flush_task); static inline void free_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, &rp->free_instances, hlist) { hlist_del(&ri->hlist); kfree(ri); } } static void cleanup_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { unsigned long flags, hash; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; struct hlist_head *head; /* To avoid recursive kretprobe by NMI, set kprobe busy here */ kprobe_busy_begin(); for (hash = 0; hash < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; hash++) { kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, head, hlist) { if (ri->rp == rp) ri->rp = NULL; } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } kprobe_busy_end(); free_rp_inst(rp); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(cleanup_rp_inst); /* Add the new probe to ap->list */ static int add_new_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { if (p->post_handler) unoptimize_kprobe(ap, true); /* Fall back to normal kprobe */ list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); if (p->post_handler && !ap->post_handler) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; return 0; } /* * Fill in the required fields of the "manager kprobe". Replace the * earlier kprobe in the hlist with the manager kprobe */ static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { /* Copy p's insn slot to ap */ copy_kprobe(p, ap); flush_insn_slot(ap); ap->addr = p->addr; ap->flags = p->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; ap->pre_handler = aggr_pre_handler; ap->fault_handler = aggr_fault_handler; /* We don't care the kprobe which has gone. */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ap->list); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ap->hlist); list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); hlist_replace_rcu(&p->hlist, &ap->hlist); } /* * This is the second or subsequent kprobe at the address - handle * the intricacies */ static int register_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *orig_p, struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *ap = orig_p; cpus_read_lock(); /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(orig_p)) { /* If orig_p is not an aggr_kprobe, create new aggr_kprobe. */ ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(orig_p); if (!ap) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, orig_p); } else if (kprobe_unused(ap)) { /* This probe is going to die. Rescue it */ ret = reuse_unused_kprobe(ap); if (ret) goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(ap)) { /* * Attempting to insert new probe at the same location that * had a probe in the module vaddr area which already * freed. So, the instruction slot has already been * released. We need a new slot for the new probe. */ ret = arch_prepare_kprobe(ap); if (ret) /* * Even if fail to allocate new slot, don't need to * free aggr_probe. It will be used next time, or * freed by unregister_kprobe. */ goto out; /* Prepare optimized instructions if possible. */ prepare_optimized_kprobe(ap); /* * Clear gone flag to prevent allocating new slot again, and * set disabled flag because it is not armed yet. */ ap->flags = (ap->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_GONE) | KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } /* Copy ap's insn slot to p */ copy_kprobe(ap, p); ret = add_new_kprobe(ap, p); out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret == 0 && kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { /* Arm the breakpoint again. */ ret = arm_kprobe(ap); if (ret) { ap->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; list_del_rcu(&p->list); synchronize_rcu(); } } } return ret; } bool __weak arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { /* The __kprobes marked functions and entry code must not be probed */ return addr >= (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start && addr < (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end; } static bool __within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; if (arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* * If there exists a kprobe_blacklist, verify and * fail any probe registration in the prohibited area */ list_for_each_entry(ent, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (addr >= ent->start_addr && addr < ent->end_addr) return true; } return false; } bool within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { char symname[KSYM_NAME_LEN], *p; if (__within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* Check if the address is on a suffixed-symbol */ if (!lookup_symbol_name(addr, symname)) { p = strchr(symname, '.'); if (!p) return false; *p = '\0'; addr = (unsigned long)kprobe_lookup_name(symname, 0); if (addr) return __within_kprobe_blacklist(addr); } return false; } /* * If we have a symbol_name argument, look it up and add the offset field * to it. This way, we can specify a relative address to a symbol. * This returns encoded errors if it fails to look up symbol or invalid * combination of parameters. */ static kprobe_opcode_t *_kprobe_addr(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *symbol_name, unsigned int offset) { if ((symbol_name && addr) || (!symbol_name && !addr)) goto invalid; if (symbol_name) { addr = kprobe_lookup_name(symbol_name, offset); if (!addr) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } addr = (kprobe_opcode_t *)(((char *)addr) + offset); if (addr) return addr; invalid: return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static kprobe_opcode_t *kprobe_addr(struct kprobe *p) { return _kprobe_addr(p->addr, p->symbol_name, p->offset); } /* Check passed kprobe is valid and return kprobe in kprobe_table. */ static struct kprobe *__get_valid_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); ap = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (unlikely(!ap)) return NULL; if (p != ap) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) if (list_p == p) /* kprobe p is a valid probe */ goto valid; return NULL; } valid: return ap; } /* Return error if the kprobe is being re-registered */ static inline int check_kprobe_rereg(struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); if (__get_valid_kprobe(p)) ret = -EINVAL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } int __weak arch_check_ftrace_location(struct kprobe *p) { unsigned long ftrace_addr; ftrace_addr = ftrace_location((unsigned long)p->addr); if (ftrace_addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE /* Given address is not on the instruction boundary */ if ((unsigned long)p->addr != ftrace_addr) return -EILSEQ; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_FTRACE; #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ return -EINVAL; #endif } return 0; } static int check_kprobe_address_safe(struct kprobe *p, struct module **probed_mod) { int ret; ret = arch_check_ftrace_location(p); if (ret) return ret; jump_label_lock(); preempt_disable(); /* Ensure it is not in reserved area nor out of text */ if (!kernel_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr) || within_kprobe_blacklist((unsigned long) p->addr) || jump_label_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || static_call_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || find_bug((unsigned long)p->addr)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } /* Check if are we probing a module */ *probed_mod = __module_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr); if (*probed_mod) { /* * We must hold a refcount of the probed module while updating * its code to prohibit unexpected unloading. */ if (unlikely(!try_module_get(*probed_mod))) { ret = -ENOENT; goto out; } /* * If the module freed .init.text, we couldn't insert * kprobes in there. */ if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, *probed_mod) && (*probed_mod)->state != MODULE_STATE_COMING) { module_put(*probed_mod); *probed_mod = NULL; ret = -ENOENT; } } out: preempt_enable(); jump_label_unlock(); return ret; } int register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { int ret; struct kprobe *old_p; struct module *probed_mod; kprobe_opcode_t *addr; /* Adjust probe address from symbol */ addr = kprobe_addr(p); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); p->addr = addr; ret = check_kprobe_rereg(p); if (ret) return ret; /* User can pass only KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED to register_kprobe */ p->flags &= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; p->nmissed = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->list); ret = check_kprobe_address_safe(p, &probed_mod); if (ret) return ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); old_p = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (old_p) { /* Since this may unoptimize old_p, locking text_mutex. */ ret = register_aggr_kprobe(old_p, p); goto out; } cpus_read_lock(); /* Prevent text modification */ mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ret = prepare_kprobe(p); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret) goto out; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&p->hlist); hlist_add_head_rcu(&p->hlist, &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(p->addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]); if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) { hlist_del_rcu(&p->hlist); synchronize_rcu(); goto out; } } /* Try to optimize kprobe */ try_to_optimize_kprobe(p); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); if (probed_mod) module_put(probed_mod); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobe); /* Check if all probes on the aggrprobe are disabled */ static int aggr_kprobe_disabled(struct kprobe *ap) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); list_for_each_entry(kp, &ap->list, list) if (!kprobe_disabled(kp)) /* * There is an active probe on the list. * We can't disable this ap. */ return 0; return 1; } /* Disable one kprobe: Make sure called under kprobe_mutex is locked */ static struct kprobe *__disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *orig_p; int ret; /* Get an original kprobe for return */ orig_p = __get_valid_kprobe(p); if (unlikely(orig_p == NULL)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { /* Disable probe if it is a child probe */ if (p != orig_p) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Try to disarm and disable this/parent probe */ if (p == orig_p || aggr_kprobe_disabled(orig_p)) { /* * If kprobes_all_disarmed is set, orig_p * should have already been disarmed, so * skip unneed disarming process. */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { ret = disarm_kprobe(orig_p, true); if (ret) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; return ERR_PTR(ret); } } orig_p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } } return orig_p; } /* * Unregister a kprobe without a scheduler synchronization. */ static int __unregister_kprobe_top(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; /* Disable kprobe. This will disarm it if needed. */ ap = __disable_kprobe(p); if (IS_ERR(ap)) return PTR_ERR(ap); if (ap == p) /* * This probe is an independent(and non-optimized) kprobe * (not an aggrprobe). Remove from the hash list. */ goto disarmed; /* Following process expects this probe is an aggrprobe */ WARN_ON(!kprobe_aggrprobe(ap)); if (list_is_singular(&ap->list) && kprobe_disarmed(ap)) /* * !disarmed could be happen if the probe is under delayed * unoptimizing. */ goto disarmed; else { /* If disabling probe has special handlers, update aggrprobe */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) { if ((list_p != p) && (list_p->post_handler)) goto noclean; } ap->post_handler = NULL; } noclean: /* * Remove from the aggrprobe: this path will do nothing in * __unregister_kprobe_bottom(). */ list_del_rcu(&p->list); if (!kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) /* * Try to optimize this probe again, because post * handler may have been changed. */ optimize_kprobe(ap); } return 0; disarmed: hlist_del_rcu(&ap->hlist); return 0; } static void __unregister_kprobe_bottom(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; if (list_empty(&p->list)) /* This is an independent kprobe */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); else if (list_is_singular(&p->list)) { /* This is the last child of an aggrprobe */ ap = list_entry(p->list.next, struct kprobe, list); list_del(&p->list); free_aggr_kprobe(ap); } /* Otherwise, do nothing. */ } int register_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i, ret = 0; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kprobe(kps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kprobes(kps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobes); void unregister_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { unregister_kprobes(&p, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobe); void unregister_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(kps[i]) < 0) kps[i]->addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (kps[i]->addr) __unregister_kprobe_bottom(kps[i]); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobes); int __weak kprobe_exceptions_notify(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long val, void *data) { return NOTIFY_DONE; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_exceptions_notify); static struct notifier_block kprobe_exceptions_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobe_exceptions_notify, .priority = 0x7fffffff /* we need to be notified first */ }; unsigned long __weak arch_deref_entry_point(void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry; } #ifdef CONFIG_KRETPROBES unsigned long __kretprobe_trampoline_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, void *trampoline_address, void *frame_pointer) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri = NULL, *last = NULL; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long flags; kprobe_opcode_t *correct_ret_addr = NULL; bool skipped = false; kretprobe_hash_lock(current, &head, &flags); /* * It is possible to have multiple instances associated with a given * task either because multiple functions in the call path have * return probes installed on them, and/or more than one * return probe was registered for a target function. * * We can handle this because: * - instances are always pushed into the head of the list * - when multiple return probes are registered for the same * function, the (chronologically) first instance's ret_addr * will be the real return address, and all the rest will * point to kretprobe_trampoline. */ hlist_for_each_entry(ri, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; /* * Return probes must be pushed on this hash list correct * order (same as return order) so that it can be popped * correctly. However, if we find it is pushed it incorrect * order, this means we find a function which should not be * probed, because the wrong order entry is pushed on the * path of processing other kretprobe itself. */ if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) { if (!skipped) pr_warn("kretprobe is stacked incorrectly. Trying to fixup.\n"); skipped = true; continue; } correct_ret_addr = ri->ret_addr; if (skipped) pr_warn("%ps must be blacklisted because of incorrect kretprobe order\n", ri->rp->kp.addr); if (correct_ret_addr != trampoline_address) /* * This is the real return address. Any other * instances associated with this task are for * other calls deeper on the call stack */ break; } BUG_ON(!correct_ret_addr || (correct_ret_addr == trampoline_address)); last = ri; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) continue; if (ri->rp && ri->rp->handler) { struct kprobe *prev = kprobe_running(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &ri->rp->kp); ri->ret_addr = correct_ret_addr; ri->rp->handler(ri, regs); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, prev); } recycle_rp_inst(ri); if (ri == last) break; } kretprobe_hash_unlock(current, &flags); return (unsigned long)correct_ret_addr; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(__kretprobe_trampoline_handler) /* * This kprobe pre_handler is registered with every kretprobe. When probe * hits it will set up the return probe. */ static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kretprobe *rp = container_of(p, struct kretprobe, kp); unsigned long hash, flags = 0; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; /* TODO: consider to only swap the RA after the last pre_handler fired */ hash = hash_ptr(current, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); if (!hlist_empty(&rp->free_instances)) { ri = hlist_entry(rp->free_instances.first, struct kretprobe_instance, hlist); hlist_del(&ri->hlist); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); ri->rp = rp; ri->task = current; if (rp->entry_handler && rp->entry_handler(ri, regs)) { raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); return 0; } arch_prepare_kretprobe(ri, regs); /* XXX(hch): why is there no hlist_move_head? */ INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]); kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } else { rp->nmissed++; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); bool __weak arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(unsigned long offset) { return !offset; } /** * kprobe_on_func_entry() -- check whether given address is function entry * @addr: Target address * @sym: Target symbol name * @offset: The offset from the symbol or the address * * This checks whether the given @addr+@offset or @sym+@offset is on the * function entry address or not. * This returns 0 if it is the function entry, or -EINVAL if it is not. * And also it returns -ENOENT if it fails the symbol or address lookup. * Caller must pass @addr or @sym (either one must be NULL), or this * returns -EINVAL. */ int kprobe_on_func_entry(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *sym, unsigned long offset) { kprobe_opcode_t *kp_addr = _kprobe_addr(addr, sym, offset); if (IS_ERR(kp_addr)) return PTR_ERR(kp_addr); if (!kallsyms_lookup_size_offset((unsigned long)kp_addr, NULL, &offset)) return -ENOENT; if (!arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(offset)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { int ret; struct kretprobe_instance *inst; int i; void *addr; ret = kprobe_on_func_entry(rp->kp.addr, rp->kp.symbol_name, rp->kp.offset); if (ret) return ret; /* If only rp->kp.addr is specified, check reregistering kprobes */ if (rp->kp.addr && check_kprobe_rereg(&rp->kp)) return -EINVAL; if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { addr = kprobe_addr(&rp->kp); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { if (kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr == addr) return -EINVAL; } } if (rp->data_size > KRETPROBE_MAX_DATA_SIZE) return -E2BIG; rp->kp.pre_handler = pre_handler_kretprobe; rp->kp.post_handler = NULL; rp->kp.fault_handler = NULL; /* Pre-allocate memory for max kretprobe instances */ if (rp->maxactive <= 0) { #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION rp->maxactive = max_t(unsigned int, 10, 2*num_possible_cpus()); #else rp->maxactive = num_possible_cpus(); #endif } raw_spin_lock_init(&rp->lock); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&rp->free_instances); for (i = 0; i < rp->maxactive; i++) { inst = kmalloc(sizeof(struct kretprobe_instance) + rp->data_size, GFP_KERNEL); if (inst == NULL) { free_rp_inst(rp); return -ENOMEM; } INIT_HLIST_NODE(&inst->hlist); hlist_add_head(&inst->hlist, &rp->free_instances); } rp->nmissed = 0; /* Establish function entry probe point */ ret = register_kprobe(&rp->kp); if (ret != 0) free_rp_inst(rp); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int ret = 0, i; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kretprobe(rps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kretprobes(rps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { unregister_kretprobes(&rp, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(&rps[i]->kp) < 0) rps[i]->kp.addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { if (rps[i]->kp.addr) { __unregister_kprobe_bottom(&rps[i]->kp); cleanup_rp_inst(rps[i]); } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); #else /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); #endif /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ /* Set the kprobe gone and remove its instruction buffer. */ static void kill_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(kprobe_gone(p))) return; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { /* * If this is an aggr_kprobe, we have to list all the * chained probes and mark them GONE. */ list_for_each_entry(kp, &p->list, list) kp->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; p->post_handler = NULL; kill_optimized_kprobe(p); } /* * Here, we can remove insn_slot safely, because no thread calls * the original probed function (which will be freed soon) any more. */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); /* * The module is going away. We should disarm the kprobe which * is using ftrace, because ftrace framework is still available at * MODULE_STATE_GOING notification. */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Disable one kprobe */ int disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Disable this kprobe */ p = __disable_kprobe(kp); if (IS_ERR(p)) ret = PTR_ERR(p); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(disable_kprobe); /* Enable one kprobe */ int enable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Check whether specified probe is valid. */ p = __get_valid_kprobe(kp); if (unlikely(p == NULL)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(kp)) { /* This kprobe has gone, we couldn't enable it. */ ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (p != kp) kp->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && kprobe_disabled(p)) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(enable_kprobe); /* Caller must NOT call this in usual path. This is only for critical case */ void dump_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { pr_err("Dumping kprobe:\n"); pr_err("Name: %s\nOffset: %x\nAddress: %pS\n", kp->symbol_name, kp->offset, kp->addr); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(dump_kprobe); int kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; unsigned long offset = 0, size = 0; if (!kernel_text_address(entry) || !kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(entry, &size, &offset)) return -EINVAL; ent = kmalloc(sizeof(*ent), GFP_KERNEL); if (!ent) return -ENOMEM; ent->start_addr = entry; ent->end_addr = entry + size; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ent->list); list_add_tail(&ent->list, &kprobe_blacklist); return (int)size; } /* Add all symbols in given area into kprobe blacklist */ int kprobe_add_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long entry; int ret = 0; for (entry = start; entry < end; entry += ret) { ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret == 0) /* In case of alias symbol */ ret = 1; } return 0; } /* Remove all symbols in given area from kprobe blacklist */ static void kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent, *n; list_for_each_entry_safe(ent, n, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (ent->start_addr < start || ent->start_addr >= end) continue; list_del(&ent->list); kfree(ent); } } static void kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(entry, entry + 1); } int __weak arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { return -ERANGE; } int kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_insn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_optinsn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #endif #endif if (!arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(&symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; return -ERANGE; } int __init __weak arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(void) { return 0; } /* * Lookup and populate the kprobe_blacklist. * * Unlike the kretprobe blacklist, we'll need to determine * the range of addresses that belong to the said functions, * since a kprobe need not necessarily be at the beginning * of a function. */ static int __init populate_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long *start, unsigned long *end) { unsigned long entry; unsigned long *iter; int ret; for (iter = start; iter < end; iter++) { entry = arch_deref_entry_point((void *)*iter); ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret == -EINVAL) continue; if (ret < 0) return ret; } /* Symbols in __kprobes_text are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start, (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end); if (ret) return ret; /* Symbols in noinstr section are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__noinstr_text_start, (unsigned long)__noinstr_text_end); return ret ? : arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(); } static void add_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } } static void remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } } /* Module notifier call back, checking kprobes on the module */ static int kprobes_module_callback(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val, void *data) { struct module *mod = data; struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; int checkcore = (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING); if (val == MODULE_STATE_COMING) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); add_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } if (val != MODULE_STATE_GOING && val != MODULE_STATE_LIVE) return NOTIFY_DONE; /* * When MODULE_STATE_GOING was notified, both of module .text and * .init.text sections would be freed. When MODULE_STATE_LIVE was * notified, only .init.text section would be freed. We need to * disable kprobes which have been inserted in the sections. */ mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (kprobe_gone(p)) continue; if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, mod) || (checkcore && within_module_core((unsigned long)p->addr, mod))) { /* * The vaddr this probe is installed will soon * be vfreed buy not synced to disk. Hence, * disarming the breakpoint isn't needed. * * Note, this will also move any optimized probes * that are pending to be removed from their * corresponding lists to the freeing_list and * will not be touched by the delayed * kprobe_optimizer work handler. */ kill_kprobe(p); } } } if (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING) remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return NOTIFY_DONE; } static struct notifier_block kprobe_module_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobes_module_callback, .priority = 0 }; /* Markers of _kprobe_blacklist section */ extern unsigned long __start_kprobe_blacklist[]; extern unsigned long __stop_kprobe_blacklist[]; void kprobe_free_init_mem(void) { void *start = (void *)(&__init_begin); void *end = (void *)(&__init_end); struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Kill all kprobes on initmem */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (start <= (void *)p->addr && (void *)p->addr < end) kill_kprobe(p); } } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static int __init init_kprobes(void) { int i, err = 0; /* FIXME allocate the probe table, currently defined statically */ /* initialize all list heads */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kprobe_table[i]); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kretprobe_inst_table[i]); raw_spin_lock_init(&(kretprobe_table_locks[i].lock)); } err = populate_kprobe_blacklist(__start_kprobe_blacklist, __stop_kprobe_blacklist); if (err) { pr_err("kprobes: failed to populate blacklist: %d\n", err); pr_err("Please take care of using kprobes.\n"); } if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { /* lookup the function address from its name */ for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr = kprobe_lookup_name(kretprobe_blacklist[i].name, 0); if (!kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr) printk("kretprobe: lookup failed: %s\n", kretprobe_blacklist[i].name); } } /* By default, kprobes are armed */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) && defined(__ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT) /* Init kprobe_optinsn_slots for allocation */ kprobe_optinsn_slots.insn_size = MAX_OPTINSN_SIZE; #endif err = arch_init_kprobes(); if (!err) err = register_die_notifier(&kprobe_exceptions_nb); if (!err) err = register_module_notifier(&kprobe_module_nb); kprobes_initialized = (err == 0); if (!err) init_test_probes(); return err; } early_initcall(init_kprobes); #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) static int __init init_optprobes(void) { /* * Enable kprobe optimization - this kicks the optimizer which * depends on synchronize_rcu_tasks() and ksoftirqd, that is * not spawned in early initcall. So delay the optimization. */ optimize_all_kprobes(); return 0; } subsys_initcall(init_optprobes); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static void report_probe(struct seq_file *pi, struct kprobe *p, const char *sym, int offset, char *modname, struct kprobe *pp) { char *kprobe_type; void *addr = p->addr; if (p->pre_handler == pre_handler_kretprobe) kprobe_type = "r"; else kprobe_type = "k"; if (!kallsyms_show_value(pi->file->f_cred)) addr = NULL; if (sym) seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %s+0x%x %s ", addr, kprobe_type, sym, offset, (modname ? modname : " ")); else /* try to use %pS */ seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %pS ", addr, kprobe_type, p->addr); if (!pp) pp = p; seq_printf(pi, "%s%s%s%s\n", (kprobe_gone(p) ? "[GONE]" : ""), ((kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobe_gone(p)) ? "[DISABLED]" : ""), (kprobe_optimized(pp) ? "[OPTIMIZED]" : ""), (kprobe_ftrace(pp) ? "[FTRACE]" : "")); } static void *kprobe_seq_start(struct seq_file *f, loff_t *pos) { return (*pos < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) ? pos : NULL; } static void *kprobe_seq_next(struct seq_file *f, void *v, loff_t *pos) { (*pos)++; if (*pos >= KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) return NULL; return pos; } static void kprobe_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { /* Nothing to do */ } static int show_kprobe_addr(struct seq_file *pi, void *v) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p, *kp; const char *sym = NULL; unsigned int i = *(loff_t *) v; unsigned long offset = 0; char *modname, namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN]; head = &kprobe_table[i]; preempt_disable(); hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist) { sym = kallsyms_lookup((unsigned long)p->addr, NULL, &offset, &modname, namebuf); if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) report_probe(pi, kp, sym, offset, modname, p); } else report_probe(pi, p, sym, offset, modname, NULL); } preempt_enable(); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations kprobes_sops = { .start = kprobe_seq_start, .next = kprobe_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_seq_stop, .show = show_kprobe_addr }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobes); /* kprobes/blacklist -- shows which functions can not be probed */ static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); return seq_list_start(&kprobe_blacklist, *pos); } static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { return seq_list_next(v, &kprobe_blacklist, pos); } static int kprobe_blacklist_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent = list_entry(v, struct kprobe_blacklist_entry, list); /* * If /proc/kallsyms is not showing kernel address, we won't * show them here either. */ if (!kallsyms_show_value(m->file->f_cred)) seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", NULL, NULL, (void *)ent->start_addr); else seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", (void *)ent->start_addr, (void *)ent->end_addr, (void *)ent->start_addr); return 0; } static void kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static const struct seq_operations kprobe_blacklist_sops = { .start = kprobe_blacklist_seq_start, .next = kprobe_blacklist_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop, .show = kprobe_blacklist_seq_show, }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobe_blacklist); static int arm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are armed, just return */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) goto already_enabled; /* * optimize_kprobe() called by arm_kprobe() checks * kprobes_all_disarmed, so set kprobes_all_disarmed before * arm_kprobe. */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; /* Arming kprobes doesn't optimize kprobe itself */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Arm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = arm_kprobe(p); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally enabled, but failed to arm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally enabled\n"); already_enabled: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } static int disarm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are already disarmed, just return */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return 0; } kprobes_all_disarmed = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Disarm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!arch_trampoline_kprobe(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = disarm_kprobe(p, false); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally disabled, but failed to disarm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally disabled\n"); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for disarming all kprobes by optimizer */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); return ret; } /* * XXX: The debugfs bool file interface doesn't allow for callbacks * when the bool state is switched. We can reuse that facility when * available */ static ssize_t read_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[3]; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) buf[0] = '1'; else buf[0] = '0'; buf[1] = '\n'; buf[2] = 0x00; return simple_read_from_buffer(user_buf, count, ppos, buf, 2); } static ssize_t write_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, const char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[32]; size_t buf_size; int ret = 0; buf_size = min(count, (sizeof(buf)-1)); if (copy_from_user(buf, user_buf, buf_size)) return -EFAULT; buf[buf_size] = '\0'; switch (buf[0]) { case 'y': case 'Y': case '1': ret = arm_all_kprobes(); break; case 'n': case 'N': case '0': ret = disarm_all_kprobes(); break; default: return -EINVAL; } if (ret) return ret; return count; } static const struct file_operations fops_kp = { .read = read_enabled_file_bool, .write = write_enabled_file_bool, .llseek = default_llseek, }; static int __init debugfs_kprobe_init(void) { struct dentry *dir; dir = debugfs_create_dir("kprobes", NULL); debugfs_create_file("list", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobes_fops); debugfs_create_file("enabled", 0600, dir, NULL, &fops_kp); debugfs_create_file("blacklist", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobe_blacklist_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(debugfs_kprobe_init); #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_FS */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM random #if !defined(_TRACE_RANDOM_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_RANDOM_H #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(add_device_randomness, TP_PROTO(int bytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(bytes, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, bytes ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->bytes = bytes; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("bytes %d caller %pS", __entry->bytes, (void *)__entry->IP) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(random__mix_pool_bytes, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int bytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, bytes, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, bytes ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->bytes = bytes; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("%s pool: bytes %d caller %pS", __entry->pool_name, __entry->bytes, (void *)__entry->IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__mix_pool_bytes, mix_pool_bytes, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int bytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, bytes, IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__mix_pool_bytes, mix_pool_bytes_nolock, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int bytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, bytes, IP) ); TRACE_EVENT(credit_entropy_bits, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int bits, int entropy_count, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, bits, entropy_count, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, bits ) __field( int, entropy_count ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->bits = bits; __entry->entropy_count = entropy_count; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("%s pool: bits %d entropy_count %d caller %pS", __entry->pool_name, __entry->bits, __entry->entropy_count, (void *)__entry->IP) ); TRACE_EVENT(push_to_pool, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int pool_bits, int input_bits), TP_ARGS(pool_name, pool_bits, input_bits), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, pool_bits ) __field( int, input_bits ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->pool_bits = pool_bits; __entry->input_bits = input_bits; ), TP_printk("%s: pool_bits %d input_pool_bits %d", __entry->pool_name, __entry->pool_bits, __entry->input_bits) ); TRACE_EVENT(debit_entropy, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int debit_bits), TP_ARGS(pool_name, debit_bits), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, debit_bits ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->debit_bits = debit_bits; ), TP_printk("%s: debit_bits %d", __entry->pool_name, __entry->debit_bits) ); TRACE_EVENT(add_input_randomness, TP_PROTO(int input_bits), TP_ARGS(input_bits), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, input_bits ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->input_bits = input_bits; ), TP_printk("input_pool_bits %d", __entry->input_bits) ); TRACE_EVENT(add_disk_randomness, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, int input_bits), TP_ARGS(dev, input_bits), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( int, input_bits ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dev; __entry->input_bits = input_bits; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d input_pool_bits %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->input_bits) ); TRACE_EVENT(xfer_secondary_pool, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int xfer_bits, int request_bits, int pool_entropy, int input_entropy), TP_ARGS(pool_name, xfer_bits, request_bits, pool_entropy, input_entropy), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, xfer_bits ) __field( int, request_bits ) __field( int, pool_entropy ) __field( int, input_entropy ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->xfer_bits = xfer_bits; __entry->request_bits = request_bits; __entry->pool_entropy = pool_entropy; __entry->input_entropy = input_entropy; ), TP_printk("pool %s xfer_bits %d request_bits %d pool_entropy %d " "input_entropy %d", __entry->pool_name, __entry->xfer_bits, __entry->request_bits, __entry->pool_entropy, __entry->input_entropy) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(random__get_random_bytes, TP_PROTO(int nbytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(nbytes, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nbytes ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nbytes = nbytes; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("nbytes %d caller %pS", __entry->nbytes, (void *)__entry->IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__get_random_bytes, get_random_bytes, TP_PROTO(int nbytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(nbytes, IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__get_random_bytes, get_random_bytes_arch, TP_PROTO(int nbytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(nbytes, IP) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(random__extract_entropy, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int nbytes, int entropy_count, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, nbytes, entropy_count, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, nbytes ) __field( int, entropy_count ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->nbytes = nbytes; __entry->entropy_count = entropy_count; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("%s pool: nbytes %d entropy_count %d caller %pS", __entry->pool_name, __entry->nbytes, __entry->entropy_count, (void *)__entry->IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__extract_entropy, extract_entropy, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int nbytes, int entropy_count, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, nbytes, entropy_count, IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__extract_entropy, extract_entropy_user, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int nbytes, int entropy_count, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, nbytes, entropy_count, IP) ); TRACE_EVENT(random_read, TP_PROTO(int got_bits, int need_bits, int pool_left, int input_left), TP_ARGS(got_bits, need_bits, pool_left, input_left), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, got_bits ) __field( int, need_bits ) __field( int, pool_left ) __field( int, input_left ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->got_bits = got_bits; __entry->need_bits = need_bits; __entry->pool_left = pool_left; __entry->input_left = input_left; ), TP_printk("got_bits %d still_needed_bits %d " "blocking_pool_entropy_left %d input_entropy_left %d", __entry->got_bits, __entry->got_bits, __entry->pool_left, __entry->input_left) ); TRACE_EVENT(urandom_read, TP_PROTO(int got_bits, int pool_left, int input_left), TP_ARGS(got_bits, pool_left, input_left), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, got_bits ) __field( int, pool_left ) __field( int, input_left ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->got_bits = got_bits; __entry->pool_left = pool_left; __entry->input_left = input_left; ), TP_printk("got_bits %d nonblocking_pool_entropy_left %d " "input_entropy_left %d", __entry->got_bits, __entry->pool_left, __entry->input_left) ); TRACE_EVENT(prandom_u32, TP_PROTO(unsigned int ret), TP_ARGS(ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("ret=%u" , __entry->ret) ); #endif /* _TRACE_RANDOM_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_CLOCK_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_CLOCK_H #include <linux/smp.h> /* * Do not use outside of architecture code which knows its limitations. * * sched_clock() has no promise of monotonicity or bounded drift between * CPUs, use (which you should not) requires disabling IRQs. * * Please use one of the three interfaces below. */ extern unsigned long long notrace sched_clock(void); /* * See the comment in kernel/sched/clock.c */ extern u64 running_clock(void); extern u64 sched_clock_cpu(int cpu); extern void sched_clock_init(void); #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_UNSTABLE_SCHED_CLOCK static inline void sched_clock_tick(void) { } static inline void clear_sched_clock_stable(void) { } static inline void sched_clock_idle_sleep_event(void) { } static inline void sched_clock_idle_wakeup_event(void) { } static inline u64 cpu_clock(int cpu) { return sched_clock(); } static inline u64 local_clock(void) { return sched_clock(); } #else extern int sched_clock_stable(void); extern void clear_sched_clock_stable(void); /* * When sched_clock_stable(), __sched_clock_offset provides the offset * between local_clock() and sched_clock(). */ extern u64 __sched_clock_offset; extern void sched_clock_tick(void); extern void sched_clock_tick_stable(void); extern void sched_clock_idle_sleep_event(void); extern void sched_clock_idle_wakeup_event(void); /* * As outlined in clock.c, provides a fast, high resolution, nanosecond * time source that is monotonic per cpu argument and has bounded drift * between cpus. * * ######################### BIG FAT WARNING ########################## * # when comparing cpu_clock(i) to cpu_clock(j) for i != j, time can # * # go backwards !! # * #################################################################### */ static inline u64 cpu_clock(int cpu) { return sched_clock_cpu(cpu); } static inline u64 local_clock(void) { return sched_clock_cpu(raw_smp_processor_id()); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING /* * An i/f to runtime opt-in for irq time accounting based off of sched_clock. * The reason for this explicit opt-in is not to have perf penalty with * slow sched_clocks. */ extern void enable_sched_clock_irqtime(void); extern void disable_sched_clock_irqtime(void); #else static inline void enable_sched_clock_irqtime(void) {} static inline void disable_sched_clock_irqtime(void) {} #endif #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_CLOCK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the IP module. * * Version: @(#)ip.h 1.0.2 05/07/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> * Alan Cox, <gw4pts@gw4pts.ampr.org> * * Changes: * Mike McLagan : Routing by source */ #ifndef _IP_H #define _IP_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/jhash.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/route.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <net/netns/hash.h> #include <net/lwtunnel.h> #define IPV4_MAX_PMTU 65535U /* RFC 2675, Section 5.1 */ #define IPV4_MIN_MTU 68 /* RFC 791 */ extern unsigned int sysctl_fib_sync_mem; extern unsigned int sysctl_fib_sync_mem_min; extern unsigned int sysctl_fib_sync_mem_max; struct sock; struct inet_skb_parm { int iif; struct ip_options opt; /* Compiled IP options */ u16 flags; #define IPSKB_FORWARDED BIT(0) #define IPSKB_XFRM_TUNNEL_SIZE BIT(1) #define IPSKB_XFRM_TRANSFORMED BIT(2) #define IPSKB_FRAG_COMPLETE BIT(3) #define IPSKB_REROUTED BIT(4) #define IPSKB_DOREDIRECT BIT(5) #define IPSKB_FRAG_PMTU BIT(6) #define IPSKB_L3SLAVE BIT(7) u16 frag_max_size; }; static inline bool ipv4_l3mdev_skb(u16 flags) { return !!(flags & IPSKB_L3SLAVE); } static inline unsigned int ip_hdrlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return ip_hdr(skb)->ihl * 4; } struct ipcm_cookie { struct sockcm_cookie sockc; __be32 addr; int oif; struct ip_options_rcu *opt; __u8 ttl; __s16 tos; char priority; __u16 gso_size; }; static inline void ipcm_init(struct ipcm_cookie *ipcm) { *ipcm = (struct ipcm_cookie) { .tos = -1 }; } static inline void ipcm_init_sk(struct ipcm_cookie *ipcm, const struct inet_sock *inet) { ipcm_init(ipcm); ipcm->sockc.mark = inet->sk.sk_mark; ipcm->sockc.tsflags = inet->sk.sk_tsflags; ipcm->oif = inet->sk.sk_bound_dev_if; ipcm->addr = inet->inet_saddr; } #define IPCB(skb) ((struct inet_skb_parm*)((skb)->cb)) #define PKTINFO_SKB_CB(skb) ((struct in_pktinfo *)((skb)->cb)) /* return enslaved device index if relevant */ static inline int inet_sdif(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) if (skb && ipv4_l3mdev_skb(IPCB(skb)->flags)) return IPCB(skb)->iif; #endif return 0; } /* Special input handler for packets caught by router alert option. They are selected only by protocol field, and then processed likely local ones; but only if someone wants them! Otherwise, router not running rsvpd will kill RSVP. It is user level problem, what it will make with them. I have no idea, how it will masquearde or NAT them (it is joke, joke :-)), but receiver should be enough clever f.e. to forward mtrace requests, sent to multicast group to reach destination designated router. */ struct ip_ra_chain { struct ip_ra_chain __rcu *next; struct sock *sk; union { void (*destructor)(struct sock *); struct sock *saved_sk; }; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* IP flags. */ #define IP_CE 0x8000 /* Flag: "Congestion" */ #define IP_DF 0x4000 /* Flag: "Don't Fragment" */ #define IP_MF 0x2000 /* Flag: "More Fragments" */ #define IP_OFFSET 0x1FFF /* "Fragment Offset" part */ #define IP_FRAG_TIME (30 * HZ) /* fragment lifetime */ struct msghdr; struct net_device; struct packet_type; struct rtable; struct sockaddr; int igmp_mc_init(void); /* * Functions provided by ip.c */ int ip_build_and_send_pkt(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct sock *sk, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, struct ip_options_rcu *opt, u8 tos); int ip_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct packet_type *pt, struct net_device *orig_dev); void ip_list_rcv(struct list_head *head, struct packet_type *pt, struct net_device *orig_dev); int ip_local_deliver(struct sk_buff *skb); void ip_protocol_deliver_rcu(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, int proto); int ip_mr_input(struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_mc_output(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_do_fragment(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int (*output)(struct net *, struct sock *, struct sk_buff *)); struct ip_fraglist_iter { struct sk_buff *frag; struct iphdr *iph; int offset; unsigned int hlen; }; void ip_fraglist_init(struct sk_buff *skb, struct iphdr *iph, unsigned int hlen, struct ip_fraglist_iter *iter); void ip_fraglist_prepare(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_fraglist_iter *iter); static inline struct sk_buff *ip_fraglist_next(struct ip_fraglist_iter *iter) { struct sk_buff *skb = iter->frag; iter->frag = skb->next; skb_mark_not_on_list(skb); return skb; } struct ip_frag_state { bool DF; unsigned int hlen; unsigned int ll_rs; unsigned int mtu; unsigned int left; int offset; int ptr; __be16 not_last_frag; }; void ip_frag_init(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hlen, unsigned int ll_rs, unsigned int mtu, bool DF, struct ip_frag_state *state); struct sk_buff *ip_frag_next(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_frag_state *state); void ip_send_check(struct iphdr *ip); int __ip_local_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_local_out(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int __ip_queue_xmit(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl, __u8 tos); void ip_init(void); int ip_append_data(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4, int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb), void *from, int len, int protolen, struct ipcm_cookie *ipc, struct rtable **rt, unsigned int flags); int ip_generic_getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb); ssize_t ip_append_page(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); struct sk_buff *__ip_make_skb(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct sk_buff_head *queue, struct inet_cork *cork); int ip_send_skb(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4); void ip_flush_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); struct sk_buff *ip_make_skb(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4, int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb), void *from, int length, int transhdrlen, struct ipcm_cookie *ipc, struct rtable **rtp, struct inet_cork *cork, unsigned int flags); int ip_queue_xmit(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl); static inline struct sk_buff *ip_finish_skb(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4) { return __ip_make_skb(sk, fl4, &sk->sk_write_queue, &inet_sk(sk)->cork.base); } static inline __u8 get_rttos(struct ipcm_cookie* ipc, struct inet_sock *inet) { return (ipc->tos != -1) ? RT_TOS(ipc->tos) : RT_TOS(inet->tos); } static inline __u8 get_rtconn_flags(struct ipcm_cookie* ipc, struct sock* sk) { return (ipc->tos != -1) ? RT_CONN_FLAGS_TOS(sk, ipc->tos) : RT_CONN_FLAGS(sk); } /* datagram.c */ int __ip4_datagram_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); int ip4_datagram_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); void ip4_datagram_release_cb(struct sock *sk); struct ip_reply_arg { struct kvec iov[1]; int flags; __wsum csum; int csumoffset; /* u16 offset of csum in iov[0].iov_base */ /* -1 if not needed */ int bound_dev_if; u8 tos; kuid_t uid; }; #define IP_REPLY_ARG_NOSRCCHECK 1 static inline __u8 ip_reply_arg_flowi_flags(const struct ip_reply_arg *arg) { return (arg->flags & IP_REPLY_ARG_NOSRCCHECK) ? FLOWI_FLAG_ANYSRC : 0; } void ip_send_unicast_reply(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct ip_options *sopt, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, const struct ip_reply_arg *arg, unsigned int len, u64 transmit_time); #define IP_INC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_INC_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field) #define __IP_INC_STATS(net, field) __SNMP_INC_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field) #define IP_ADD_STATS(net, field, val) SNMP_ADD_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field, val) #define __IP_ADD_STATS(net, field, val) __SNMP_ADD_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field, val) #define IP_UPD_PO_STATS(net, field, val) SNMP_UPD_PO_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field, val) #define __IP_UPD_PO_STATS(net, field, val) __SNMP_UPD_PO_STATS64((net)->mib.ip_statistics, field, val) #define NET_INC_STATS(net, field) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.net_statistics, field) #define __NET_INC_STATS(net, field) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.net_statistics, field) #define NET_ADD_STATS(net, field, adnd) SNMP_ADD_STATS((net)->mib.net_statistics, field, adnd) #define __NET_ADD_STATS(net, field, adnd) __SNMP_ADD_STATS((net)->mib.net_statistics, field, adnd) u64 snmp_get_cpu_field(void __percpu *mib, int cpu, int offct); unsigned long snmp_fold_field(void __percpu *mib, int offt); #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 u64 snmp_get_cpu_field64(void __percpu *mib, int cpu, int offct, size_t syncp_offset); u64 snmp_fold_field64(void __percpu *mib, int offt, size_t sync_off); #else static inline u64 snmp_get_cpu_field64(void __percpu *mib, int cpu, int offct, size_t syncp_offset) { return snmp_get_cpu_field(mib, cpu, offct); } static inline u64 snmp_fold_field64(void __percpu *mib, int offt, size_t syncp_off) { return snmp_fold_field(mib, offt); } #endif #define snmp_get_cpu_field64_batch(buff64, stats_list, mib_statistic, offset) \ { \ int i, c; \ for_each_possible_cpu(c) { \ for (i = 0; stats_list[i].name; i++) \ buff64[i] += snmp_get_cpu_field64( \ mib_statistic, \ c, stats_list[i].entry, \ offset); \ } \ } #define snmp_get_cpu_field_batch(buff, stats_list, mib_statistic) \ { \ int i, c; \ for_each_possible_cpu(c) { \ for (i = 0; stats_list[i].name; i++) \ buff[i] += snmp_get_cpu_field( \ mib_statistic, \ c, stats_list[i].entry); \ } \ } void inet_get_local_port_range(struct net *net, int *low, int *high); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL static inline bool inet_is_local_reserved_port(struct net *net, unsigned short port) { if (!net->ipv4.sysctl_local_reserved_ports) return false; return test_bit(port, net->ipv4.sysctl_local_reserved_ports); } static inline bool sysctl_dev_name_is_allowed(const char *name) { return strcmp(name, "default") != 0 && strcmp(name, "all") != 0; } static inline bool inet_port_requires_bind_service(struct net *net, unsigned short port) { return port < net->ipv4.sysctl_ip_prot_sock; } #else static inline bool inet_is_local_reserved_port(struct net *net, unsigned short port) { return false; } static inline bool inet_port_requires_bind_service(struct net *net, unsigned short port) { return port < PROT_SOCK; } #endif __be32 inet_current_timestamp(void); /* From inetpeer.c */ extern int inet_peer_threshold; extern int inet_peer_minttl; extern int inet_peer_maxttl; void ipfrag_init(void); void ip_static_sysctl_init(void); #define IP4_REPLY_MARK(net, mark) \ ((net)->ipv4.sysctl_fwmark_reflect ? (mark) : 0) static inline bool ip_is_fragment(const struct iphdr *iph) { return (iph->frag_off & htons(IP_MF | IP_OFFSET)) != 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_INET #include <net/dst.h> /* The function in 2.2 was invalid, producing wrong result for * check=0xFEFF. It was noticed by Arthur Skawina _year_ ago. --ANK(000625) */ static inline int ip_decrease_ttl(struct iphdr *iph) { u32 check = (__force u32)iph->check; check += (__force u32)htons(0x0100); iph->check = (__force __sum16)(check + (check>=0xFFFF)); return --iph->ttl; } static inline int ip_mtu_locked(const struct dst_entry *dst) { const struct rtable *rt = (const struct rtable *)dst; return rt->rt_mtu_locked || dst_metric_locked(dst, RTAX_MTU); } static inline int ip_dont_fragment(const struct sock *sk, const struct dst_entry *dst) { u8 pmtudisc = READ_ONCE(inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc); return pmtudisc == IP_PMTUDISC_DO || (pmtudisc == IP_PMTUDISC_WANT && !ip_mtu_locked(dst)); } static inline bool ip_sk_accept_pmtu(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc != IP_PMTUDISC_INTERFACE && inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc != IP_PMTUDISC_OMIT; } static inline bool ip_sk_use_pmtu(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc < IP_PMTUDISC_PROBE; } static inline bool ip_sk_ignore_df(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc < IP_PMTUDISC_DO || inet_sk(sk)->pmtudisc == IP_PMTUDISC_OMIT; } static inline unsigned int ip_dst_mtu_maybe_forward(const struct dst_entry *dst, bool forwarding) { struct net *net = dev_net(dst->dev); unsigned int mtu; if (net->ipv4.sysctl_ip_fwd_use_pmtu || ip_mtu_locked(dst) || !forwarding) return dst_mtu(dst); /* 'forwarding = true' case should always honour route mtu */ mtu = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_MTU); if (!mtu) mtu = min(READ_ONCE(dst->dev->mtu), IP_MAX_MTU); return mtu - lwtunnel_headroom(dst->lwtstate, mtu); } static inline unsigned int ip_skb_dst_mtu(struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { unsigned int mtu; if (!sk || !sk_fullsock(sk) || ip_sk_use_pmtu(sk)) { bool forwarding = IPCB(skb)->flags & IPSKB_FORWARDED; return ip_dst_mtu_maybe_forward(skb_dst(skb), forwarding); } mtu = min(READ_ONCE(skb_dst(skb)->dev->mtu), IP_MAX_MTU); return mtu - lwtunnel_headroom(skb_dst(skb)->lwtstate, mtu); } struct dst_metrics *ip_fib_metrics_init(struct net *net, struct nlattr *fc_mx, int fc_mx_len, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); static inline void ip_fib_metrics_put(struct dst_metrics *fib_metrics) { if (fib_metrics != &dst_default_metrics && refcount_dec_and_test(&fib_metrics->refcnt)) kfree(fib_metrics); } /* ipv4 and ipv6 both use refcounted metrics if it is not the default */ static inline void ip_dst_init_metrics(struct dst_entry *dst, struct dst_metrics *fib_metrics) { dst_init_metrics(dst, fib_metrics->metrics, true); if (fib_metrics != &dst_default_metrics) { dst->_metrics |= DST_METRICS_REFCOUNTED; refcount_inc(&fib_metrics->refcnt); } } static inline void ip_dst_metrics_put(struct dst_entry *dst) { struct dst_metrics *p = (struct dst_metrics *)DST_METRICS_PTR(dst); if (p != &dst_default_metrics && refcount_dec_and_test(&p->refcnt)) kfree(p); } u32 ip_idents_reserve(u32 hash, int segs); void __ip_select_ident(struct net *net, struct iphdr *iph, int segs); static inline void ip_select_ident_segs(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk, int segs) { struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb); if ((iph->frag_off & htons(IP_DF)) && !skb->ignore_df) { /* This is only to work around buggy Windows95/2000 * VJ compression implementations. If the ID field * does not change, they drop every other packet in * a TCP stream using header compression. */ if (sk && inet_sk(sk)->inet_daddr) { iph->id = htons(inet_sk(sk)->inet_id); inet_sk(sk)->inet_id += segs; } else { iph->id = 0; } } else { __ip_select_ident(net, iph, segs); } } static inline void ip_select_ident(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { ip_select_ident_segs(net, skb, sk, 1); } static inline __wsum inet_compute_pseudo(struct sk_buff *skb, int proto) { return csum_tcpudp_nofold(ip_hdr(skb)->saddr, ip_hdr(skb)->daddr, skb->len, proto, 0); } /* copy IPv4 saddr & daddr to flow_keys, possibly using 64bit load/store * Equivalent to : flow->v4addrs.src = iph->saddr; * flow->v4addrs.dst = iph->daddr; */ static inline void iph_to_flow_copy_v4addrs(struct flow_keys *flow, const struct iphdr *iph) { BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(typeof(flow->addrs), v4addrs.dst) != offsetof(typeof(flow->addrs), v4addrs.src) + sizeof(flow->addrs.v4addrs.src)); memcpy(&flow->addrs.v4addrs, &iph->saddr, sizeof(flow->addrs.v4addrs)); flow->control.addr_type = FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS; } static inline __wsum inet_gro_compute_pseudo(struct sk_buff *skb, int proto) { const struct iphdr *iph = skb_gro_network_header(skb); return csum_tcpudp_nofold(iph->saddr, iph->daddr, skb_gro_len(skb), proto, 0); } /* * Map a multicast IP onto multicast MAC for type ethernet. */ static inline void ip_eth_mc_map(__be32 naddr, char *buf) { __u32 addr=ntohl(naddr); buf[0]=0x01; buf[1]=0x00; buf[2]=0x5e; buf[5]=addr&0xFF; addr>>=8; buf[4]=addr&0xFF; addr>>=8; buf[3]=addr&0x7F; } /* * Map a multicast IP onto multicast MAC for type IP-over-InfiniBand. * Leave P_Key as 0 to be filled in by driver. */ static inline void ip_ib_mc_map(__be32 naddr, const unsigned char *broadcast, char *buf) { __u32 addr; unsigned char scope = broadcast[5] & 0xF; buf[0] = 0; /* Reserved */ buf[1] = 0xff; /* Multicast QPN */ buf[2] = 0xff; buf[3] = 0xff; addr = ntohl(naddr); buf[4] = 0xff; buf[5] = 0x10 | scope; /* scope from broadcast address */ buf[6] = 0x40; /* IPv4 signature */ buf[7] = 0x1b; buf[8] = broadcast[8]; /* P_Key */ buf[9] = broadcast[9]; buf[10] = 0; buf[11] = 0; buf[12] = 0; buf[13] = 0; buf[14] = 0; buf[15] = 0; buf[19] = addr & 0xff; addr >>= 8; buf[18] = addr & 0xff; addr >>= 8; buf[17] = addr & 0xff; addr >>= 8; buf[16] = addr & 0x0f; } static inline void ip_ipgre_mc_map(__be32 naddr, const unsigned char *broadcast, char *buf) { if ((broadcast[0] | broadcast[1] | broadcast[2] | broadcast[3]) != 0) memcpy(buf, broadcast, 4); else memcpy(buf, &naddr, sizeof(naddr)); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) #include <linux/ipv6.h> #endif static __inline__ void inet_reset_saddr(struct sock *sk) { inet_sk(sk)->inet_rcv_saddr = inet_sk(sk)->inet_saddr = 0; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) if (sk->sk_family == PF_INET6) { struct ipv6_pinfo *np = inet6_sk(sk); memset(&np->saddr, 0, sizeof(np->saddr)); memset(&sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr, 0, sizeof(sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr)); } #endif } #endif static inline unsigned int ipv4_addr_hash(__be32 ip) { return (__force unsigned int) ip; } static inline u32 ipv4_portaddr_hash(const struct net *net, __be32 saddr, unsigned int port) { return jhash_1word((__force u32)saddr, net_hash_mix(net)) ^ port; } bool ip_call_ra_chain(struct sk_buff *skb); /* * Functions provided by ip_fragment.c */ enum ip_defrag_users { IP_DEFRAG_LOCAL_DELIVER, IP_DEFRAG_CALL_RA_CHAIN, IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_IN, __IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_IN_END = IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_IN + USHRT_MAX, IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_OUT, __IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_OUT_END = IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_OUT + USHRT_MAX, IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_BRIDGE_IN, __IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_BRIDGE_IN = IP_DEFRAG_CONNTRACK_BRIDGE_IN + USHRT_MAX, IP_DEFRAG_VS_IN, IP_DEFRAG_VS_OUT, IP_DEFRAG_VS_FWD, IP_DEFRAG_AF_PACKET, IP_DEFRAG_MACVLAN, }; /* Return true if the value of 'user' is between 'lower_bond' * and 'upper_bond' inclusively. */ static inline bool ip_defrag_user_in_between(u32 user, enum ip_defrag_users lower_bond, enum ip_defrag_users upper_bond) { return user >= lower_bond && user <= upper_bond; } int ip_defrag(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 user); #ifdef CONFIG_INET struct sk_buff *ip_check_defrag(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 user); #else static inline struct sk_buff *ip_check_defrag(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 user) { return skb; } #endif /* * Functions provided by ip_forward.c */ int ip_forward(struct sk_buff *skb); /* * Functions provided by ip_options.c */ void ip_options_build(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ip_options *opt, __be32 daddr, struct rtable *rt, int is_frag); int __ip_options_echo(struct net *net, struct ip_options *dopt, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct ip_options *sopt); static inline int ip_options_echo(struct net *net, struct ip_options *dopt, struct sk_buff *skb) { return __ip_options_echo(net, dopt, skb, &IPCB(skb)->opt); } void ip_options_fragment(struct sk_buff *skb); int __ip_options_compile(struct net *net, struct ip_options *opt, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 *info); int ip_options_compile(struct net *net, struct ip_options *opt, struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_options_get(struct net *net, struct ip_options_rcu **optp, sockptr_t data, int optlen); void ip_options_undo(struct ip_options *opt); void ip_forward_options(struct sk_buff *skb); int ip_options_rcv_srr(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev); /* * Functions provided by ip_sockglue.c */ void ipv4_pktinfo_prepare(const struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void ip_cmsg_recv_offset(struct msghdr *msg, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int tlen, int offset); int ip_cmsg_send(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, struct ipcm_cookie *ipc, bool allow_ipv6); int ip_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen); int ip_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); int ip_ra_control(struct sock *sk, unsigned char on, void (*destructor)(struct sock *)); int ip_recv_error(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int *addr_len); void ip_icmp_error(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int err, __be16 port, u32 info, u8 *payload); void ip_local_error(struct sock *sk, int err, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, u32 info); static inline void ip_cmsg_recv(struct msghdr *msg, struct sk_buff *skb) { ip_cmsg_recv_offset(msg, skb->sk, skb, 0, 0); } bool icmp_global_allow(void); extern int sysctl_icmp_msgs_per_sec; extern int sysctl_icmp_msgs_burst; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int ip_misc_proc_init(void); #endif int rtm_getroute_parse_ip_proto(struct nlattr *attr, u8 *ip_proto, u8 family, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); static inline bool inetdev_valid_mtu(unsigned int mtu) { return likely(mtu >= IPV4_MIN_MTU); } void ip_sock_set_freebind(struct sock *sk); int ip_sock_set_mtu_discover(struct sock *sk, int val); void ip_sock_set_pktinfo(struct sock *sk); void ip_sock_set_recverr(struct sock *sk); void ip_sock_set_tos(struct sock *sk, int val); #endif /* _IP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #include <linux/sched/signal.h> /* * cputime accounting APIs: */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE #include <asm/cputime.h> #ifndef cputime_to_nsecs # define cputime_to_nsecs(__ct) \ (cputime_to_usecs(__ct) * NSEC_PER_USEC) #endif #endif /* CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN extern void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime); extern u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t); #else static inline void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime) { *utime = t->utime; *stime = t->stime; } static inline u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t) { return t->gtime; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { *utimescaled = t->utimescaled; *stimescaled = t->stimescaled; } #else static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { task_cputime(t, utimescaled, stimescaled); } #endif extern void task_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void thread_group_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void cputime_adjust(struct task_cputime *curr, struct prev_cputime *prev, u64 *ut, u64 *st); /* * Thread group CPU time accounting. */ void thread_group_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, struct task_cputime *times); void thread_group_sample_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 *samples); /* * The following are functions that support scheduler-internal time accounting. * These functions are generally called at the timer tick. None of this depends * on CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS. */ /** * get_running_cputimer - return &tsk->signal->cputimer if cputimers are active * * @tsk: Pointer to target task. */ #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = &tsk->signal->cputimer; /* * Check whether posix CPU timers are active. If not the thread * group accounting is not active either. Lockless check. */ if (!READ_ONCE(tsk->signal->posix_cputimers.timers_active)) return NULL; /* * After we flush the task's sum_exec_runtime to sig->sum_sched_runtime * in __exit_signal(), we won't account to the signal struct further * cputime consumed by that task, even though the task can still be * ticking after __exit_signal(). * * In order to keep a consistent behaviour between thread group cputime * and thread group cputimer accounting, lets also ignore the cputime * elapsing after __exit_signal() in any thread group timer running. * * This makes sure that POSIX CPU clocks and timers are synchronized, so * that a POSIX CPU timer won't expire while the corresponding POSIX CPU * clock delta is behind the expiring timer value. */ if (unlikely(!tsk->sighand)) return NULL; return cputimer; } #else static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { return NULL; } #endif /** * account_group_user_time - Maintain utime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the utime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the utime field there. */ static inline void account_group_user_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.utime); } /** * account_group_system_time - Maintain stime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the stime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the stime field there. */ static inline void account_group_system_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.stime); } /** * account_group_exec_runtime - Maintain exec runtime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @ns: Time value by which to increment the sum_exec_runtime field * of the thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the sum_exec_runtime field there. */ static inline void account_group_exec_runtime(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long long ns) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(ns, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.sum_exec_runtime); } static inline void prev_cputime_init(struct prev_cputime *prev) { #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE prev->utime = prev->stime = 0; raw_spin_lock_init(&prev->lock); #endif } extern unsigned long long task_sched_runtime(struct task_struct *task); #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM mmap #if !defined(_TRACE_MMAP_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_MMAP_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(vm_unmapped_area, TP_PROTO(unsigned long addr, struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info), TP_ARGS(addr, info), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, addr) __field(unsigned long, total_vm) __field(unsigned long, flags) __field(unsigned long, length) __field(unsigned long, low_limit) __field(unsigned long, high_limit) __field(unsigned long, align_mask) __field(unsigned long, align_offset) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->addr = addr; __entry->total_vm = current->mm->total_vm; __entry->flags = info->flags; __entry->length = info->length; __entry->low_limit = info->low_limit; __entry->high_limit = info->high_limit; __entry->align_mask = info->align_mask; __entry->align_offset = info->align_offset; ), TP_printk("addr=0x%lx err=%ld total_vm=0x%lx flags=0x%lx len=0x%lx lo=0x%lx hi=0x%lx mask=0x%lx ofs=0x%lx\n", IS_ERR_VALUE(__entry->addr) ? 0 : __entry->addr, IS_ERR_VALUE(__entry->addr) ? __entry->addr : 0, __entry->total_vm, __entry->flags, __entry->length, __entry->low_limit, __entry->high_limit, __entry->align_mask, __entry->align_offset) ); #endif /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SWAP_H #define _LINUX_SWAP_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/node.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <asm/page.h> struct notifier_block; struct bio; struct pagevec; #define SWAP_FLAG_PREFER 0x8000 /* set if swap priority specified */ #define SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_MASK 0x7fff #define SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_SHIFT 0 #define SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD 0x10000 /* enable discard for swap */ #define SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_ONCE 0x20000 /* discard swap area at swapon-time */ #define SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_PAGES 0x40000 /* discard page-clusters after use */ #define SWAP_FLAGS_VALID (SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_MASK | SWAP_FLAG_PREFER | \ SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD | SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_ONCE | \ SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_PAGES) #define SWAP_BATCH 64 static inline int current_is_kswapd(void) { return current->flags & PF_KSWAPD; } /* * MAX_SWAPFILES defines the maximum number of swaptypes: things which can * be swapped to. The swap type and the offset into that swap type are * encoded into pte's and into pgoff_t's in the swapcache. Using five bits * for the type means that the maximum number of swapcache pages is 27 bits * on 32-bit-pgoff_t architectures. And that assumes that the architecture packs * the type/offset into the pte as 5/27 as well. */ #define MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT 5 /* * Use some of the swap files numbers for other purposes. This * is a convenient way to hook into the VM to trigger special * actions on faults. */ /* * Unaddressable device memory support. See include/linux/hmm.h and * Documentation/vm/hmm.rst. Short description is we need struct pages for * device memory that is unaddressable (inaccessible) by CPU, so that we can * migrate part of a process memory to device memory. * * When a page is migrated from CPU to device, we set the CPU page table entry * to a special SWP_DEVICE_* entry. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE #define SWP_DEVICE_NUM 2 #define SWP_DEVICE_WRITE (MAX_SWAPFILES+SWP_HWPOISON_NUM+SWP_MIGRATION_NUM) #define SWP_DEVICE_READ (MAX_SWAPFILES+SWP_HWPOISON_NUM+SWP_MIGRATION_NUM+1) #else #define SWP_DEVICE_NUM 0 #endif /* * NUMA node memory migration support */ #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION #define SWP_MIGRATION_NUM 2 #define SWP_MIGRATION_READ (MAX_SWAPFILES + SWP_HWPOISON_NUM) #define SWP_MIGRATION_WRITE (MAX_SWAPFILES + SWP_HWPOISON_NUM + 1) #else #define SWP_MIGRATION_NUM 0 #endif /* * Handling of hardware poisoned pages with memory corruption. */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE #define SWP_HWPOISON_NUM 1 #define SWP_HWPOISON MAX_SWAPFILES #else #define SWP_HWPOISON_NUM 0 #endif #define MAX_SWAPFILES \ ((1 << MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT) - SWP_DEVICE_NUM - \ SWP_MIGRATION_NUM - SWP_HWPOISON_NUM) /* * Magic header for a swap area. The first part of the union is * what the swap magic looks like for the old (limited to 128MB) * swap area format, the second part of the union adds - in the * old reserved area - some extra information. Note that the first * kilobyte is reserved for boot loader or disk label stuff... * * Having the magic at the end of the PAGE_SIZE makes detecting swap * areas somewhat tricky on machines that support multiple page sizes. * For 2.5 we'll probably want to move the magic to just beyond the * bootbits... */ union swap_header { struct { char reserved[PAGE_SIZE - 10]; char magic[10]; /* SWAP-SPACE or SWAPSPACE2 */ } magic; struct { char bootbits[1024]; /* Space for disklabel etc. */ __u32 version; __u32 last_page; __u32 nr_badpages; unsigned char sws_uuid[16]; unsigned char sws_volume[16]; __u32 padding[117]; __u32 badpages[1]; } info; }; /* * current->reclaim_state points to one of these when a task is running * memory reclaim */ struct reclaim_state { unsigned long reclaimed_slab; }; #ifdef __KERNEL__ struct address_space; struct sysinfo; struct writeback_control; struct zone; /* * A swap extent maps a range of a swapfile's PAGE_SIZE pages onto a range of * disk blocks. A list of swap extents maps the entire swapfile. (Where the * term `swapfile' refers to either a blockdevice or an IS_REG file. Apart * from setup, they're handled identically. * * We always assume that blocks are of size PAGE_SIZE. */ struct swap_extent { struct rb_node rb_node; pgoff_t start_page; pgoff_t nr_pages; sector_t start_block; }; /* * Max bad pages in the new format.. */ #define MAX_SWAP_BADPAGES \ ((offsetof(union swap_header, magic.magic) - \ offsetof(union swap_header, info.badpages)) / sizeof(int)) enum { SWP_USED = (1 << 0), /* is slot in swap_info[] used? */ SWP_WRITEOK = (1 << 1), /* ok to write to this swap? */ SWP_DISCARDABLE = (1 << 2), /* blkdev support discard */ SWP_DISCARDING = (1 << 3), /* now discarding a free cluster */ SWP_SOLIDSTATE = (1 << 4), /* blkdev seeks are cheap */ SWP_CONTINUED = (1 << 5), /* swap_map has count continuation */ SWP_BLKDEV = (1 << 6), /* its a block device */ SWP_ACTIVATED = (1 << 7), /* set after swap_activate success */ SWP_FS_OPS = (1 << 8), /* swapfile operations go through fs */ SWP_AREA_DISCARD = (1 << 9), /* single-time swap area discards */ SWP_PAGE_DISCARD = (1 << 10), /* freed swap page-cluster discards */ SWP_STABLE_WRITES = (1 << 11), /* no overwrite PG_writeback pages */ SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO = (1 << 12), /* synchronous IO is efficient */ SWP_VALID = (1 << 13), /* swap is valid to be operated on? */ /* add others here before... */ SWP_SCANNING = (1 << 14), /* refcount in scan_swap_map */ }; #define SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX 32UL #define COMPACT_CLUSTER_MAX SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX /* Bit flag in swap_map */ #define SWAP_HAS_CACHE 0x40 /* Flag page is cached, in first swap_map */ #define COUNT_CONTINUED 0x80 /* Flag swap_map continuation for full count */ /* Special value in first swap_map */ #define SWAP_MAP_MAX 0x3e /* Max count */ #define SWAP_MAP_BAD 0x3f /* Note page is bad */ #define SWAP_MAP_SHMEM 0xbf /* Owned by shmem/tmpfs */ /* Special value in each swap_map continuation */ #define SWAP_CONT_MAX 0x7f /* Max count */ /* * We use this to track usage of a cluster. A cluster is a block of swap disk * space with SWAPFILE_CLUSTER pages long and naturally aligns in disk. All * free clusters are organized into a list. We fetch an entry from the list to * get a free cluster. * * The data field stores next cluster if the cluster is free or cluster usage * counter otherwise. The flags field determines if a cluster is free. This is * protected by swap_info_struct.lock. */ struct swap_cluster_info { spinlock_t lock; /* * Protect swap_cluster_info fields * and swap_info_struct->swap_map * elements correspond to the swap * cluster */ unsigned int data:24; unsigned int flags:8; }; #define CLUSTER_FLAG_FREE 1 /* This cluster is free */ #define CLUSTER_FLAG_NEXT_NULL 2 /* This cluster has no next cluster */ #define CLUSTER_FLAG_HUGE 4 /* This cluster is backing a transparent huge page */ /* * We assign a cluster to each CPU, so each CPU can allocate swap entry from * its own cluster and swapout sequentially. The purpose is to optimize swapout * throughput. */ struct percpu_cluster { struct swap_cluster_info index; /* Current cluster index */ unsigned int next; /* Likely next allocation offset */ }; struct swap_cluster_list { struct swap_cluster_info head; struct swap_cluster_info tail; }; /* * The in-memory structure used to track swap areas. */ struct swap_info_struct { unsigned long flags; /* SWP_USED etc: see above */ signed short prio; /* swap priority of this type */ struct plist_node list; /* entry in swap_active_head */ signed char type; /* strange name for an index */ unsigned int max; /* extent of the swap_map */ unsigned char *swap_map; /* vmalloc'ed array of usage counts */ struct swap_cluster_info *cluster_info; /* cluster info. Only for SSD */ struct swap_cluster_list free_clusters; /* free clusters list */ unsigned int lowest_bit; /* index of first free in swap_map */ unsigned int highest_bit; /* index of last free in swap_map */ unsigned int pages; /* total of usable pages of swap */ unsigned int inuse_pages; /* number of those currently in use */ unsigned int cluster_next; /* likely index for next allocation */ unsigned int cluster_nr; /* countdown to next cluster search */ unsigned int __percpu *cluster_next_cpu; /*percpu index for next allocation */ struct percpu_cluster __percpu *percpu_cluster; /* per cpu's swap location */ struct rb_root swap_extent_root;/* root of the swap extent rbtree */ struct block_device *bdev; /* swap device or bdev of swap file */ struct file *swap_file; /* seldom referenced */ unsigned int old_block_size; /* seldom referenced */ #ifdef CONFIG_FRONTSWAP unsigned long *frontswap_map; /* frontswap in-use, one bit per page */ atomic_t frontswap_pages; /* frontswap pages in-use counter */ #endif spinlock_t lock; /* * protect map scan related fields like * swap_map, lowest_bit, highest_bit, * inuse_pages, cluster_next, * cluster_nr, lowest_alloc, * highest_alloc, free/discard cluster * list. other fields are only changed * at swapon/swapoff, so are protected * by swap_lock. changing flags need * hold this lock and swap_lock. If * both locks need hold, hold swap_lock * first. */ spinlock_t cont_lock; /* * protect swap count continuation page * list. */ struct work_struct discard_work; /* discard worker */ struct swap_cluster_list discard_clusters; /* discard clusters list */ struct plist_node avail_lists[]; /* * entries in swap_avail_heads, one * entry per node. * Must be last as the number of the * array is nr_node_ids, which is not * a fixed value so have to allocate * dynamically. * And it has to be an array so that * plist_for_each_* can work. */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT #define SWAP_RA_ORDER_CEILING 5 #else /* Avoid stack overflow, because we need to save part of page table */ #define SWAP_RA_ORDER_CEILING 3 #define SWAP_RA_PTE_CACHE_SIZE (1 << SWAP_RA_ORDER_CEILING) #endif struct vma_swap_readahead { unsigned short win; unsigned short offset; unsigned short nr_pte; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT pte_t *ptes; #else pte_t ptes[SWAP_RA_PTE_CACHE_SIZE]; #endif }; /* linux/mm/workingset.c */ void workingset_age_nonresident(struct lruvec *lruvec, unsigned long nr_pages); void *workingset_eviction(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup *target_memcg); void workingset_refault(struct page *page, void *shadow); void workingset_activation(struct page *page); /* Only track the nodes of mappings with shadow entries */ void workingset_update_node(struct xa_node *node); #define mapping_set_update(xas, mapping) do { \ if (!dax_mapping(mapping) && !shmem_mapping(mapping)) \ xas_set_update(xas, workingset_update_node); \ } while (0) /* linux/mm/page_alloc.c */ extern unsigned long totalreserve_pages; extern unsigned long nr_free_buffer_pages(void); /* Definition of global_zone_page_state not available yet */ #define nr_free_pages() global_zone_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES) /* linux/mm/swap.c */ extern void lru_note_cost(struct lruvec *lruvec, bool file, unsigned int nr_pages); extern void lru_note_cost_page(struct page *); extern void lru_cache_add(struct page *); extern void lru_add_page_tail(struct page *page, struct page *page_tail, struct lruvec *lruvec, struct list_head *head); extern void mark_page_accessed(struct page *); extern void lru_add_drain(void); extern void lru_add_drain_cpu(int cpu); extern void lru_add_drain_cpu_zone(struct zone *zone); extern void lru_add_drain_all(void); extern void rotate_reclaimable_page(struct page *page); extern void deactivate_file_page(struct page *page); extern void deactivate_page(struct page *page); extern void mark_page_lazyfree(struct page *page); extern void swap_setup(void); extern void lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* linux/mm/vmscan.c */ extern unsigned long zone_reclaimable_pages(struct zone *zone); extern unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist, int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *mask); extern int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode); extern unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long nr_pages, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool may_swap); extern unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node(struct mem_cgroup *mem, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap, pg_data_t *pgdat, unsigned long *nr_scanned); extern unsigned long shrink_all_memory(unsigned long nr_pages); extern int vm_swappiness; extern int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); extern unsigned long reclaim_pages(struct list_head *page_list); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern int node_reclaim_mode; extern int sysctl_min_unmapped_ratio; extern int sysctl_min_slab_ratio; #else #define node_reclaim_mode 0 #endif extern void check_move_unevictable_pages(struct pagevec *pvec); extern int kswapd_run(int nid); extern void kswapd_stop(int nid); #ifdef CONFIG_SWAP #include <linux/blk_types.h> /* for bio_end_io_t */ /* linux/mm/page_io.c */ extern int swap_readpage(struct page *page, bool do_poll); extern int swap_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc); extern void end_swap_bio_write(struct bio *bio); extern int __swap_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc, bio_end_io_t end_write_func); extern int swap_set_page_dirty(struct page *page); int add_swap_extent(struct swap_info_struct *sis, unsigned long start_page, unsigned long nr_pages, sector_t start_block); int generic_swapfile_activate(struct swap_info_struct *, struct file *, sector_t *); /* linux/mm/swap_state.c */ /* One swap address space for each 64M swap space */ #define SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_SHIFT 14 #define SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_PAGES (1 << SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_SHIFT) extern struct address_space *swapper_spaces[]; #define swap_address_space(entry) \ (&swapper_spaces[swp_type(entry)][swp_offset(entry) \ >> SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_SHIFT]) extern unsigned long total_swapcache_pages(void); extern void show_swap_cache_info(void); extern int add_to_swap(struct page *page); extern void *get_shadow_from_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry); extern int add_to_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp, void **shadowp); extern void __delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, void *shadow); extern void delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *); extern void clear_shadow_from_swap_cache(int type, unsigned long begin, unsigned long end); extern void free_page_and_swap_cache(struct page *); extern void free_pages_and_swap_cache(struct page **, int); extern struct page *lookup_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); struct page *find_get_incore_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); extern struct page *read_swap_cache_async(swp_entry_t, gfp_t, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, bool do_poll); extern struct page *__read_swap_cache_async(swp_entry_t, gfp_t, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, bool *new_page_allocated); extern struct page *swap_cluster_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t flag, struct vm_fault *vmf); extern struct page *swapin_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t flag, struct vm_fault *vmf); /* linux/mm/swapfile.c */ extern atomic_long_t nr_swap_pages; extern long total_swap_pages; extern atomic_t nr_rotate_swap; extern bool has_usable_swap(void); /* Swap 50% full? Release swapcache more aggressively.. */ static inline bool vm_swap_full(void) { return atomic_long_read(&nr_swap_pages) * 2 < total_swap_pages; } static inline long get_nr_swap_pages(void) { return atomic_long_read(&nr_swap_pages); } extern void si_swapinfo(struct sysinfo *); extern swp_entry_t get_swap_page(struct page *page); extern void put_swap_page(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry); extern swp_entry_t get_swap_page_of_type(int); extern int get_swap_pages(int n, swp_entry_t swp_entries[], int entry_size); extern int add_swap_count_continuation(swp_entry_t, gfp_t); extern void swap_shmem_alloc(swp_entry_t); extern int swap_duplicate(swp_entry_t); extern int swapcache_prepare(swp_entry_t); extern void swap_free(swp_entry_t); extern void swapcache_free_entries(swp_entry_t *entries, int n); extern int free_swap_and_cache(swp_entry_t); int swap_type_of(dev_t device, sector_t offset); int find_first_swap(dev_t *device); extern unsigned int count_swap_pages(int, int); extern sector_t map_swap_page(struct page *, struct block_device **); extern sector_t swapdev_block(int, pgoff_t); extern int page_swapcount(struct page *); extern int __swap_count(swp_entry_t entry); extern int __swp_swapcount(swp_entry_t entry); extern int swp_swapcount(swp_entry_t entry); extern struct swap_info_struct *page_swap_info(struct page *); extern struct swap_info_struct *swp_swap_info(swp_entry_t entry); extern bool reuse_swap_page(struct page *, int *); extern int try_to_free_swap(struct page *); struct backing_dev_info; extern int init_swap_address_space(unsigned int type, unsigned long nr_pages); extern void exit_swap_address_space(unsigned int type); extern struct swap_info_struct *get_swap_device(swp_entry_t entry); sector_t swap_page_sector(struct page *page); static inline void put_swap_device(struct swap_info_struct *si) { rcu_read_unlock(); } #else /* CONFIG_SWAP */ static inline int swap_readpage(struct page *page, bool do_poll) { return 0; } static inline struct swap_info_struct *swp_swap_info(swp_entry_t entry) { return NULL; } #define swap_address_space(entry) (NULL) #define get_nr_swap_pages() 0L #define total_swap_pages 0L #define total_swapcache_pages() 0UL #define vm_swap_full() 0 #define si_swapinfo(val) \ do { (val)->freeswap = (val)->totalswap = 0; } while (0) /* only sparc can not include linux/pagemap.h in this file * so leave put_page and release_pages undeclared... */ #define free_page_and_swap_cache(page) \ put_page(page) #define free_pages_and_swap_cache(pages, nr) \ release_pages((pages), (nr)); static inline void show_swap_cache_info(void) { } #define free_swap_and_cache(e) ({(is_migration_entry(e) || is_device_private_entry(e));}) #define swapcache_prepare(e) ({(is_migration_entry(e) || is_device_private_entry(e));}) static inline int add_swap_count_continuation(swp_entry_t swp, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return 0; } static inline void swap_shmem_alloc(swp_entry_t swp) { } static inline int swap_duplicate(swp_entry_t swp) { return 0; } static inline void swap_free(swp_entry_t swp) { } static inline void put_swap_page(struct page *page, swp_entry_t swp) { } static inline struct page *swap_cluster_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct vm_fault *vmf) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *swapin_readahead(swp_entry_t swp, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct vm_fault *vmf) { return NULL; } static inline int swap_writepage(struct page *p, struct writeback_control *wbc) { return 0; } static inline struct page *lookup_swap_cache(swp_entry_t swp, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *find_get_incore_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { return find_get_page(mapping, index); } static inline int add_to_swap(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline void *get_shadow_from_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry) { return NULL; } static inline int add_to_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask, void **shadowp) { return -1; } static inline void __delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, void *shadow) { } static inline void delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page) { } static inline void clear_shadow_from_swap_cache(int type, unsigned long begin, unsigned long end) { } static inline int page_swapcount(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline int __swap_count(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } static inline int __swp_swapcount(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } static inline int swp_swapcount(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } #define reuse_swap_page(page, total_map_swapcount) \ (page_trans_huge_mapcount(page, total_map_swapcount) == 1) static inline int try_to_free_swap(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline swp_entry_t get_swap_page(struct page *page) { swp_entry_t entry; entry.val = 0; return entry; } #endif /* CONFIG_SWAP */ #ifdef CONFIG_THP_SWAP extern int split_swap_cluster(swp_entry_t entry); #else static inline int split_swap_cluster(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG static inline int mem_cgroup_swappiness(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { /* Cgroup2 doesn't have per-cgroup swappiness */ if (cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(memory_cgrp_subsys)) return vm_swappiness; /* root ? */ if (mem_cgroup_disabled() || mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg)) return vm_swappiness; return memcg->swappiness; } #else static inline int mem_cgroup_swappiness(struct mem_cgroup *mem) { return vm_swappiness; } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SWAP) && defined(CONFIG_MEMCG) && defined(CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP) extern void cgroup_throttle_swaprate(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp_mask); #else static inline void cgroup_throttle_swaprate(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp_mask) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_SWAP extern void mem_cgroup_swapout(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry); extern int mem_cgroup_try_charge_swap(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry); extern void mem_cgroup_uncharge_swap(swp_entry_t entry, unsigned int nr_pages); extern long mem_cgroup_get_nr_swap_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); extern bool mem_cgroup_swap_full(struct page *page); #else static inline void mem_cgroup_swapout(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry) { } static inline int mem_cgroup_try_charge_swap(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } static inline void mem_cgroup_uncharge_swap(swp_entry_t entry, unsigned int nr_pages) { } static inline long mem_cgroup_get_nr_swap_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return get_nr_swap_pages(); } static inline bool mem_cgroup_swap_full(struct page *page) { return vm_swap_full(); } #endif #endif /* __KERNEL__*/ #endif /* _LINUX_SWAP_H */
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1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_H #define _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_H #include <linux/mem_encrypt.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/pgtable_types.h> /* * Macro to mark a page protection value as UC- */ #define pgprot_noncached(prot) \ ((boot_cpu_data.x86 > 3) \ ? (__pgprot(pgprot_val(prot) | \ cachemode2protval(_PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS))) \ : (prot)) /* * Macros to add or remove encryption attribute */ #define pgprot_encrypted(prot) __pgprot(__sme_set(pgprot_val(prot))) #define pgprot_decrypted(prot) __pgprot(__sme_clr(pgprot_val(prot))) #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <asm/x86_init.h> #include <asm/fpu/xstate.h> #include <asm/fpu/api.h> #include <asm-generic/pgtable_uffd.h> extern pgd_t early_top_pgt[PTRS_PER_PGD]; bool __init __early_make_pgtable(unsigned long address, pmdval_t pmd); void ptdump_walk_pgd_level(struct seq_file *m, struct mm_struct *mm); void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_debugfs(struct seq_file *m, struct mm_struct *mm, bool user); void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_checkwx(void); void ptdump_walk_user_pgd_level_checkwx(void); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_WX #define debug_checkwx() ptdump_walk_pgd_level_checkwx() #define debug_checkwx_user() ptdump_walk_user_pgd_level_checkwx() #else #define debug_checkwx() do { } while (0) #define debug_checkwx_user() do { } while (0) #endif /* * ZERO_PAGE is a global shared page that is always zero: used * for zero-mapped memory areas etc.. */ extern unsigned long empty_zero_page[PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(unsigned long)] __visible; #define ZERO_PAGE(vaddr) ((void)(vaddr),virt_to_page(empty_zero_page)) extern spinlock_t pgd_lock; extern struct list_head pgd_list; extern struct mm_struct *pgd_page_get_mm(struct page *page); extern pmdval_t early_pmd_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #define set_pte(ptep, pte) native_set_pte(ptep, pte) #define set_pte_atomic(ptep, pte) \ native_set_pte_atomic(ptep, pte) #define set_pmd(pmdp, pmd) native_set_pmd(pmdp, pmd) #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED #define set_pgd(pgdp, pgd) native_set_pgd(pgdp, pgd) #define pgd_clear(pgd) (pgtable_l5_enabled() ? native_pgd_clear(pgd) : 0) #endif #ifndef set_p4d # define set_p4d(p4dp, p4d) native_set_p4d(p4dp, p4d) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED #define p4d_clear(p4d) native_p4d_clear(p4d) #endif #ifndef set_pud # define set_pud(pudp, pud) native_set_pud(pudp, pud) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED #define pud_clear(pud) native_pud_clear(pud) #endif #define pte_clear(mm, addr, ptep) native_pte_clear(mm, addr, ptep) #define pmd_clear(pmd) native_pmd_clear(pmd) #define pgd_val(x) native_pgd_val(x) #define __pgd(x) native_make_pgd(x) #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED #define p4d_val(x) native_p4d_val(x) #define __p4d(x) native_make_p4d(x) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED #define pud_val(x) native_pud_val(x) #define __pud(x) native_make_pud(x) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED #define pmd_val(x) native_pmd_val(x) #define __pmd(x) native_make_pmd(x) #endif #define pte_val(x) native_pte_val(x) #define __pte(x) native_make_pte(x) #define arch_end_context_switch(prev) do {} while(0) #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ /* * The following only work if pte_present() is true. * Undefined behaviour if not.. */ static inline int pte_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_DIRTY; } static inline u32 read_pkru(void) { if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return rdpkru(); return 0; } static inline void write_pkru(u32 pkru) { struct pkru_state *pk; if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return; pk = get_xsave_addr(&current->thread.fpu.state.xsave, XFEATURE_PKRU); /* * The PKRU value in xstate needs to be in sync with the value that is * written to the CPU. The FPU restore on return to userland would * otherwise load the previous value again. */ fpregs_lock(); if (pk) pk->pkru = pkru; __write_pkru(pkru); fpregs_unlock(); } static inline int pte_young(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; } static inline int pmd_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_DIRTY; } static inline int pmd_young(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; } static inline int pud_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_DIRTY; } static inline int pud_young(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; } static inline int pte_write(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_RW; } static inline int pte_huge(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_PSE; } static inline int pte_global(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_GLOBAL; } static inline int pte_exec(pte_t pte) { return !(pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_NX); } static inline int pte_special(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SPECIAL; } /* Entries that were set to PROT_NONE are inverted */ static inline u64 protnone_mask(u64 val); static inline unsigned long pte_pfn(pte_t pte) { phys_addr_t pfn = pte_val(pte); pfn ^= protnone_mask(pfn); return (pfn & PTE_PFN_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long pmd_pfn(pmd_t pmd) { phys_addr_t pfn = pmd_val(pmd); pfn ^= protnone_mask(pfn); return (pfn & pmd_pfn_mask(pmd)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long pud_pfn(pud_t pud) { phys_addr_t pfn = pud_val(pud); pfn ^= protnone_mask(pfn); return (pfn & pud_pfn_mask(pud)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long p4d_pfn(p4d_t p4d) { return (p4d_val(p4d) & p4d_pfn_mask(p4d)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long pgd_pfn(pgd_t pgd) { return (pgd_val(pgd) & PTE_PFN_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } #define p4d_leaf p4d_large static inline int p4d_large(p4d_t p4d) { /* No 512 GiB pages yet */ return 0; } #define pte_page(pte) pfn_to_page(pte_pfn(pte)) #define pmd_leaf pmd_large static inline int pmd_large(pmd_t pte) { return pmd_flags(pte) & _PAGE_PSE; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* NOTE: when predicate huge page, consider also pmd_devmap, or use pmd_large */ static inline int pmd_trans_huge(pmd_t pmd) { return (pmd_val(pmd) & (_PAGE_PSE|_PAGE_DEVMAP)) == _PAGE_PSE; } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD static inline int pud_trans_huge(pud_t pud) { return (pud_val(pud) & (_PAGE_PSE|_PAGE_DEVMAP)) == _PAGE_PSE; } #endif #define has_transparent_hugepage has_transparent_hugepage static inline int has_transparent_hugepage(void) { return boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PSE); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pmd_devmap(pmd_t pmd) { return !!(pmd_val(pmd) & _PAGE_DEVMAP); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD static inline int pud_devmap(pud_t pud) { return !!(pud_val(pud) & _PAGE_DEVMAP); } #else static inline int pud_devmap(pud_t pud) { return 0; } #endif static inline int pgd_devmap(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ static inline pte_t pte_set_flags(pte_t pte, pteval_t set) { pteval_t v = native_pte_val(pte); return native_make_pte(v | set); } static inline pte_t pte_clear_flags(pte_t pte, pteval_t clear) { pteval_t v = native_pte_val(pte); return native_make_pte(v & ~clear); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP static inline int pte_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_UFFD_WP; } static inline pte_t pte_mkuffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } static inline pte_t pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP */ static inline pte_t pte_mkclean(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_DIRTY); } static inline pte_t pte_mkold(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pte_t pte_wrprotect(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pte_t pte_mkexec(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_NX); } static inline pte_t pte_mkdirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pte_t pte_mkyoung(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pte_t pte_mkwrite(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pte_t pte_mkhuge(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pte_t pte_clrhuge(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pte_t pte_mkglobal(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_GLOBAL); } static inline pte_t pte_clrglobal(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_GLOBAL); } static inline pte_t pte_mkspecial(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SPECIAL); } static inline pte_t pte_mkdevmap(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SPECIAL|_PAGE_DEVMAP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_set_flags(pmd_t pmd, pmdval_t set) { pmdval_t v = native_pmd_val(pmd); return native_make_pmd(v | set); } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_flags(pmd_t pmd, pmdval_t clear) { pmdval_t v = native_pmd_val(pmd); return native_make_pmd(v & ~clear); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP static inline int pmd_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_UFFD_WP; } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkuffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP */ static inline pmd_t pmd_mkold(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkclean(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_wrprotect(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkdirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkdevmap(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_DEVMAP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkhuge(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkyoung(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkwrite(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pud_t pud_set_flags(pud_t pud, pudval_t set) { pudval_t v = native_pud_val(pud); return native_make_pud(v | set); } static inline pud_t pud_clear_flags(pud_t pud, pudval_t clear) { pudval_t v = native_pud_val(pud); return native_make_pud(v & ~clear); } static inline pud_t pud_mkold(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pud_t pud_mkclean(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_wrprotect(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pud_t pud_mkdirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_mkdevmap(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_DEVMAP); } static inline pud_t pud_mkhuge(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pud_t pud_mkyoung(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pud_t pud_mkwrite(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_RW); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY static inline int pte_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline int pmd_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline int pud_soft_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline pte_t pte_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_mksoft_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pte_t pte_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_clear_soft_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY */ /* * Mask out unsupported bits in a present pgprot. Non-present pgprots * can use those bits for other purposes, so leave them be. */ static inline pgprotval_t massage_pgprot(pgprot_t pgprot) { pgprotval_t protval = pgprot_val(pgprot); if (protval & _PAGE_PRESENT) protval &= __supported_pte_mask; return protval; } static inline pgprotval_t check_pgprot(pgprot_t pgprot) { pgprotval_t massaged_val = massage_pgprot(pgprot); /* mmdebug.h can not be included here because of dependencies */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM WARN_ONCE(pgprot_val(pgprot) != massaged_val, "attempted to set unsupported pgprot: %016llx " "bits: %016llx supported: %016llx\n", (u64)pgprot_val(pgprot), (u64)pgprot_val(pgprot) ^ massaged_val, (u64)__supported_pte_mask); #endif return massaged_val; } static inline pte_t pfn_pte(unsigned long page_nr, pgprot_t pgprot) { phys_addr_t pfn = (phys_addr_t)page_nr << PAGE_SHIFT; pfn ^= protnone_mask(pgprot_val(pgprot)); pfn &= PTE_PFN_MASK; return __pte(pfn | check_pgprot(pgprot)); } static inline pmd_t pfn_pmd(unsigned long page_nr, pgprot_t pgprot) { phys_addr_t pfn = (phys_addr_t)page_nr << PAGE_SHIFT; pfn ^= protnone_mask(pgprot_val(pgprot)); pfn &= PHYSICAL_PMD_PAGE_MASK; return __pmd(pfn | check_pgprot(pgprot)); } static inline pud_t pfn_pud(unsigned long page_nr, pgprot_t pgprot) { phys_addr_t pfn = (phys_addr_t)page_nr << PAGE_SHIFT; pfn ^= protnone_mask(pgprot_val(pgprot)); pfn &= PHYSICAL_PUD_PAGE_MASK; return __pud(pfn | check_pgprot(pgprot)); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkinvalid(pmd_t pmd) { return pfn_pmd(pmd_pfn(pmd), __pgprot(pmd_flags(pmd) & ~(_PAGE_PRESENT|_PAGE_PROTNONE))); } static inline u64 flip_protnone_guard(u64 oldval, u64 val, u64 mask); static inline pte_t pte_modify(pte_t pte, pgprot_t newprot) { pteval_t val = pte_val(pte), oldval = val; /* * Chop off the NX bit (if present), and add the NX portion of * the newprot (if present): */ val &= _PAGE_CHG_MASK; val |= check_pgprot(newprot) & ~_PAGE_CHG_MASK; val = flip_protnone_guard(oldval, val, PTE_PFN_MASK); return __pte(val); } static inline pmd_t pmd_modify(pmd_t pmd, pgprot_t newprot) { pmdval_t val = pmd_val(pmd), oldval = val; val &= _HPAGE_CHG_MASK; val |= check_pgprot(newprot) & ~_HPAGE_CHG_MASK; val = flip_protnone_guard(oldval, val, PHYSICAL_PMD_PAGE_MASK); return __pmd(val); } /* * mprotect needs to preserve PAT and encryption bits when updating * vm_page_prot */ #define pgprot_modify pgprot_modify static inline pgprot_t pgprot_modify(pgprot_t oldprot, pgprot_t newprot) { pgprotval_t preservebits = pgprot_val(oldprot) & _PAGE_CHG_MASK; pgprotval_t addbits = pgprot_val(newprot) & ~_PAGE_CHG_MASK; return __pgprot(preservebits | addbits); } #define pte_pgprot(x) __pgprot(pte_flags(x)) #define pmd_pgprot(x) __pgprot(pmd_flags(x)) #define pud_pgprot(x) __pgprot(pud_flags(x)) #define p4d_pgprot(x) __pgprot(p4d_flags(x)) #define canon_pgprot(p) __pgprot(massage_pgprot(p)) static inline pgprot_t arch_filter_pgprot(pgprot_t prot) { return canon_pgprot(prot); } static inline int is_new_memtype_allowed(u64 paddr, unsigned long size, enum page_cache_mode pcm, enum page_cache_mode new_pcm) { /* * PAT type is always WB for untracked ranges, so no need to check. */ if (x86_platform.is_untracked_pat_range(paddr, paddr + size)) return 1; /* * Certain new memtypes are not allowed with certain * requested memtype: * - request is uncached, return cannot be write-back * - request is write-combine, return cannot be write-back * - request is write-through, return cannot be write-back * - request is write-through, return cannot be write-combine */ if ((pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB) || (pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB) || (pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB) || (pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC)) { return 0; } return 1; } pmd_t *populate_extra_pmd(unsigned long vaddr); pte_t *populate_extra_pte(unsigned long vaddr); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION pgd_t __pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd); /* * Take a PGD location (pgdp) and a pgd value that needs to be set there. * Populates the user and returns the resulting PGD that must be set in * the kernel copy of the page tables. */ static inline pgd_t pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PTI)) return pgd; return __pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgdp, pgd); } #else /* CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION */ static inline pgd_t pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { return pgd; } #endif /* CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # include <asm/pgtable_32.h> #else # include <asm/pgtable_64.h> #endif #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <asm/fixmap.h> static inline int pte_none(pte_t pte) { return !(pte.pte & ~(_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK)); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME static inline int pte_same(pte_t a, pte_t b) { return a.pte == b.pte; } static inline int pte_present(pte_t a) { return pte_flags(a) & (_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_PROTNONE); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pte_devmap(pte_t a) { return (pte_flags(a) & _PAGE_DEVMAP) == _PAGE_DEVMAP; } #endif #define pte_accessible pte_accessible static inline bool pte_accessible(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t a) { if (pte_flags(a) & _PAGE_PRESENT) return true; if ((pte_flags(a) & _PAGE_PROTNONE) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(mm)) return true; return false; } static inline int pmd_present(pmd_t pmd) { /* * Checking for _PAGE_PSE is needed too because * split_huge_page will temporarily clear the present bit (but * the _PAGE_PSE flag will remain set at all times while the * _PAGE_PRESENT bit is clear). */ return pmd_flags(pmd) & (_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_PSE); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * These work without NUMA balancing but the kernel does not care. See the * comment in include/linux/pgtable.h */ static inline int pte_protnone(pte_t pte) { return (pte_flags(pte) & (_PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_PRESENT)) == _PAGE_PROTNONE; } static inline int pmd_protnone(pmd_t pmd) { return (pmd_flags(pmd) & (_PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_PRESENT)) == _PAGE_PROTNONE; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static inline int pmd_none(pmd_t pmd) { /* Only check low word on 32-bit platforms, since it might be out of sync with upper half. */ unsigned long val = native_pmd_val(pmd); return (val & ~_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK) == 0; } static inline unsigned long pmd_page_vaddr(pmd_t pmd) { return (unsigned long)__va(pmd_val(pmd) & pmd_pfn_mask(pmd)); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define pmd_page(pmd) pfn_to_page(pmd_pfn(pmd)) /* * Conversion functions: convert a page and protection to a page entry, * and a page entry and page directory to the page they refer to. * * (Currently stuck as a macro because of indirect forward reference * to linux/mm.h:page_to_nid()) */ #define mk_pte(page, pgprot) pfn_pte(page_to_pfn(page), (pgprot)) static inline int pmd_bad(pmd_t pmd) { return (pmd_flags(pmd) & ~_PAGE_USER) != _KERNPG_TABLE; } static inline unsigned long pages_to_mb(unsigned long npg) { return npg >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 static inline int pud_none(pud_t pud) { return (native_pud_val(pud) & ~(_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK)) == 0; } static inline int pud_present(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_PRESENT; } static inline unsigned long pud_page_vaddr(pud_t pud) { return (unsigned long)__va(pud_val(pud) & pud_pfn_mask(pud)); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define pud_page(pud) pfn_to_page(pud_pfn(pud)) #define pud_leaf pud_large static inline int pud_large(pud_t pud) { return (pud_val(pud) & (_PAGE_PSE | _PAGE_PRESENT)) == (_PAGE_PSE | _PAGE_PRESENT); } static inline int pud_bad(pud_t pud) { return (pud_flags(pud) & ~(_KERNPG_TABLE | _PAGE_USER)) != 0; } #else #define pud_leaf pud_large static inline int pud_large(pud_t pud) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 */ #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 static inline int p4d_none(p4d_t p4d) { return (native_p4d_val(p4d) & ~(_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK)) == 0; } static inline int p4d_present(p4d_t p4d) { return p4d_flags(p4d) & _PAGE_PRESENT; } static inline unsigned long p4d_page_vaddr(p4d_t p4d) { return (unsigned long)__va(p4d_val(p4d) & p4d_pfn_mask(p4d)); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define p4d_page(p4d) pfn_to_page(p4d_pfn(p4d)) static inline int p4d_bad(p4d_t p4d) { unsigned long ignore_flags = _KERNPG_TABLE | _PAGE_USER; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION)) ignore_flags |= _PAGE_NX; return (p4d_flags(p4d) & ~ignore_flags) != 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 */ static inline unsigned long p4d_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> P4D_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_P4D - 1); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 static inline int pgd_present(pgd_t pgd) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return 1; return pgd_flags(pgd) & _PAGE_PRESENT; } static inline unsigned long pgd_page_vaddr(pgd_t pgd) { return (unsigned long)__va((unsigned long)pgd_val(pgd) & PTE_PFN_MASK); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define pgd_page(pgd) pfn_to_page(pgd_pfn(pgd)) /* to find an entry in a page-table-directory. */ static inline p4d_t *p4d_offset(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return (p4d_t *)pgd; return (p4d_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd) + p4d_index(address); } static inline int pgd_bad(pgd_t pgd) { unsigned long ignore_flags = _PAGE_USER; if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return 0; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION)) ignore_flags |= _PAGE_NX; return (pgd_flags(pgd) & ~ignore_flags) != _KERNPG_TABLE; } static inline int pgd_none(pgd_t pgd) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return 0; /* * There is no need to do a workaround for the KNL stray * A/D bit erratum here. PGDs only point to page tables * except on 32-bit non-PAE which is not supported on * KNL. */ return !native_pgd_val(pgd); } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #define KERNEL_PGD_BOUNDARY pgd_index(PAGE_OFFSET) #define KERNEL_PGD_PTRS (PTRS_PER_PGD - KERNEL_PGD_BOUNDARY) #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ extern int direct_gbpages; void init_mem_mapping(void); void early_alloc_pgt_buf(void); extern void memblock_find_dma_reserve(void); void __init poking_init(void); unsigned long init_memory_mapping(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 extern pgd_t trampoline_pgd_entry; #endif /* local pte updates need not use xchg for locking */ static inline pte_t native_local_ptep_get_and_clear(pte_t *ptep) { pte_t res = *ptep; /* Pure native function needs no input for mm, addr */ native_pte_clear(NULL, 0, ptep); return res; } static inline pmd_t native_local_pmdp_get_and_clear(pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t res = *pmdp; native_pmd_clear(pmdp); return res; } static inline pud_t native_local_pudp_get_and_clear(pud_t *pudp) { pud_t res = *pudp; native_pud_clear(pudp); return res; } static inline void set_pte_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { set_pte(ptep, pte); } static inline void set_pmd_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { set_pmd(pmdp, pmd); } static inline void set_pud_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pudp, pud_t pud) { native_set_pud(pudp, pud); } /* * We only update the dirty/accessed state if we set * the dirty bit by hand in the kernel, since the hardware * will do the accessed bit for us, and we don't want to * race with other CPU's that might be updating the dirty * bit at the same time. */ struct vm_area_struct; #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS extern int ptep_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, pte_t entry, int dirty); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG extern int ptep_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH extern int ptep_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t pte = native_ptep_get_and_clear(ptep); return pte; } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, int full) { pte_t pte; if (full) { /* * Full address destruction in progress; paravirt does not * care about updates and native needs no locking */ pte = native_local_ptep_get_and_clear(ptep); } else { pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, addr, ptep); } return pte; } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_WRPROTECT static inline void ptep_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { clear_bit(_PAGE_BIT_RW, (unsigned long *)&ptep->pte); } #define flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vma, address) do { } while (0) #define mk_pmd(page, pgprot) pfn_pmd(page_to_pfn(page), (pgprot)) #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS extern int pmdp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t entry, int dirty); extern int pudp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, pud_t entry, int dirty); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG extern int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp); extern int pudp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pudp); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH extern int pmdp_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #define pmd_write pmd_write static inline int pmd_write(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_RW; } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pmd_t pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp) { return native_pmdp_get_and_clear(pmdp); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pud_t pudp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pudp) { return native_pudp_get_and_clear(pudp); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_WRPROTECT static inline void pmdp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp) { clear_bit(_PAGE_BIT_RW, (unsigned long *)pmdp); } #define pud_write pud_write static inline int pud_write(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_RW; } #ifndef pmdp_establish #define pmdp_establish pmdp_establish static inline pmd_t pmdp_establish(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMP)) { return xchg(pmdp, pmd); } else { pmd_t old = *pmdp; WRITE_ONCE(*pmdp, pmd); return old; } } #endif /* * Page table pages are page-aligned. The lower half of the top * level is used for userspace and the top half for the kernel. * * Returns true for parts of the PGD that map userspace and * false for the parts that map the kernel. */ static inline bool pgdp_maps_userspace(void *__ptr) { unsigned long ptr = (unsigned long)__ptr; return (((ptr & ~PAGE_MASK) / sizeof(pgd_t)) < PGD_KERNEL_START); } #define pgd_leaf pgd_large static inline int pgd_large(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION /* * All top-level PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION page tables are order-1 pages * (8k-aligned and 8k in size). The kernel one is at the beginning 4k and * the user one is in the last 4k. To switch between them, you * just need to flip the 12th bit in their addresses. */ #define PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT PAGE_SHIFT /* * This generates better code than the inline assembly in * __set_bit(). */ static inline void *ptr_set_bit(void *ptr, int bit) { unsigned long __ptr = (unsigned long)ptr; __ptr |= BIT(bit); return (void *)__ptr; } static inline void *ptr_clear_bit(void *ptr, int bit) { unsigned long __ptr = (unsigned long)ptr; __ptr &= ~BIT(bit); return (void *)__ptr; } static inline pgd_t *kernel_to_user_pgdp(pgd_t *pgdp) { return ptr_set_bit(pgdp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } static inline pgd_t *user_to_kernel_pgdp(pgd_t *pgdp) { return ptr_clear_bit(pgdp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } static inline p4d_t *kernel_to_user_p4dp(p4d_t *p4dp) { return ptr_set_bit(p4dp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } static inline p4d_t *user_to_kernel_p4dp(p4d_t *p4dp) { return ptr_clear_bit(p4dp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } #endif /* CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION */ /* * clone_pgd_range(pgd_t *dst, pgd_t *src, int count); * * dst - pointer to pgd range anwhere on a pgd page * src - "" * count - the number of pgds to copy. * * dst and src can be on the same page, but the range must not overlap, * and must not cross a page boundary. */ static inline void clone_pgd_range(pgd_t *dst, pgd_t *src, int count) { memcpy(dst, src, count * sizeof(pgd_t)); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PTI)) return; /* Clone the user space pgd as well */ memcpy(kernel_to_user_pgdp(dst), kernel_to_user_pgdp(src), count * sizeof(pgd_t)); #endif } #define PTE_SHIFT ilog2(PTRS_PER_PTE) static inline int page_level_shift(enum pg_level level) { return (PAGE_SHIFT - PTE_SHIFT) + level * PTE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long page_level_size(enum pg_level level) { return 1UL << page_level_shift(level); } static inline unsigned long page_level_mask(enum pg_level level) { return ~(page_level_size(level) - 1); } /* * The x86 doesn't have any external MMU info: the kernel page * tables contain all the necessary information. */ static inline void update_mmu_cache(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { } static inline void update_mmu_cache_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd) { } static inline void update_mmu_cache_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud) { } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY static inline pte_t pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline int pte_swp_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline int pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP static inline pte_t pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } static inline int pte_swp_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mkuffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } static inline int pmd_swp_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP */ #define PKRU_AD_BIT 0x1u #define PKRU_WD_BIT 0x2u #define PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY 2 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS extern u32 init_pkru_value; #else #define init_pkru_value 0 #endif static inline bool __pkru_allows_read(u32 pkru, u16 pkey) { int pkru_pkey_bits = pkey * PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY; return !(pkru & (PKRU_AD_BIT << pkru_pkey_bits)); } static inline bool __pkru_allows_write(u32 pkru, u16 pkey) { int pkru_pkey_bits = pkey * PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY; /* * Access-disable disables writes too so we need to check * both bits here. */ return !(pkru & ((PKRU_AD_BIT|PKRU_WD_BIT) << pkru_pkey_bits)); } static inline u16 pte_flags_pkey(unsigned long pte_flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS /* ifdef to avoid doing 59-bit shift on 32-bit values */ return (pte_flags & _PAGE_PKEY_MASK) >> _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT0; #else return 0; #endif } static inline bool __pkru_allows_pkey(u16 pkey, bool write) { u32 pkru = read_pkru(); if (!__pkru_allows_read(pkru, pkey)) return false; if (write && !__pkru_allows_write(pkru, pkey)) return false; return true; } /* * 'pteval' can come from a PTE, PMD or PUD. We only check * _PAGE_PRESENT, _PAGE_USER, and _PAGE_RW in here which are the * same value on all 3 types. */ static inline bool __pte_access_permitted(unsigned long pteval, bool write) { unsigned long need_pte_bits = _PAGE_PRESENT|_PAGE_USER; if (write) need_pte_bits |= _PAGE_RW; if ((pteval & need_pte_bits) != need_pte_bits) return 0; return __pkru_allows_pkey(pte_flags_pkey(pteval), write); } #define pte_access_permitted pte_access_permitted static inline bool pte_access_permitted(pte_t pte, bool write) { return __pte_access_permitted(pte_val(pte), write); } #define pmd_access_permitted pmd_access_permitted static inline bool pmd_access_permitted(pmd_t pmd, bool write) { return __pte_access_permitted(pmd_val(pmd), write); } #define pud_access_permitted pud_access_permitted static inline bool pud_access_permitted(pud_t pud, bool write) { return __pte_access_permitted(pud_val(pud), write); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED 1 extern bool pfn_modify_allowed(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot); static inline bool arch_has_pfn_modify_check(void) { return boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_L1TF); } #define arch_faults_on_old_pte arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { return false; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Asymmetric Public-key cryptography key type interface * * See Documentation/crypto/asymmetric-keys.rst * * Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef _KEYS_ASYMMETRIC_TYPE_H #define _KEYS_ASYMMETRIC_TYPE_H #include <linux/key-type.h> #include <linux/verification.h> extern struct key_type key_type_asymmetric; /* * The key payload is four words. The asymmetric-type key uses them as * follows: */ enum asymmetric_payload_bits { asym_crypto, /* The data representing the key */ asym_subtype, /* Pointer to an asymmetric_key_subtype struct */ asym_key_ids, /* Pointer to an asymmetric_key_ids struct */ asym_auth /* The key's authorisation (signature, parent key ID) */ }; /* * Identifiers for an asymmetric key ID. We have three ways of looking up a * key derived from an X.509 certificate: * * (1) Serial Number & Issuer. Non-optional. This is the only valid way to * map a PKCS#7 signature to an X.509 certificate. * * (2) Issuer & Subject Unique IDs. Optional. These were the original way to * match X.509 certificates, but have fallen into disuse in favour of (3). * * (3) Auth & Subject Key Identifiers. Optional. SKIDs are only provided on * CA keys that are intended to sign other keys, so don't appear in end * user certificates unless forced. * * We could also support an PGP key identifier, which is just a SHA1 sum of the * public key and certain parameters, but since we don't support PGP keys at * the moment, we shall ignore those. * * What we actually do is provide a place where binary identifiers can be * stashed and then compare against them when checking for an id match. */ struct asymmetric_key_id { unsigned short len; unsigned char data[]; }; struct asymmetric_key_ids { void *id[2]; }; extern bool asymmetric_key_id_same(const struct asymmetric_key_id *kid1, const struct asymmetric_key_id *kid2); extern bool asymmetric_key_id_partial(const struct asymmetric_key_id *kid1, const struct asymmetric_key_id *kid2); extern struct asymmetric_key_id *asymmetric_key_generate_id(const void *val_1, size_t len_1, const void *val_2, size_t len_2); static inline const struct asymmetric_key_ids *asymmetric_key_ids(const struct key *key) { return key->payload.data[asym_key_ids]; } extern struct key *find_asymmetric_key(struct key *keyring, const struct asymmetric_key_id *id_0, const struct asymmetric_key_id *id_1, bool partial); /* * The payload is at the discretion of the subtype. */ #endif /* _KEYS_ASYMMETRIC_TYPE_H */
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1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Implementation of the kernel access vector cache (AVC). * * Authors: Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> * James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> * * Update: KaiGai, Kohei <kaigai@ak.jp.nec.com> * Replaced the avc_lock spinlock by RCU. * * Copyright (C) 2003 Red Hat, Inc., James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <linux/un.h> #include <net/af_unix.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include "avc.h" #include "avc_ss.h" #include "classmap.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/avc.h> #define AVC_CACHE_SLOTS 512 #define AVC_DEF_CACHE_THRESHOLD 512 #define AVC_CACHE_RECLAIM 16 #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS #define avc_cache_stats_incr(field) this_cpu_inc(avc_cache_stats.field) #else #define avc_cache_stats_incr(field) do {} while (0) #endif struct avc_entry { u32 ssid; u32 tsid; u16 tclass; struct av_decision avd; struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; }; struct avc_node { struct avc_entry ae; struct hlist_node list; /* anchored in avc_cache->slots[i] */ struct rcu_head rhead; }; struct avc_xperms_decision_node { struct extended_perms_decision xpd; struct list_head xpd_list; /* list of extended_perms_decision */ }; struct avc_xperms_node { struct extended_perms xp; struct list_head xpd_head; /* list head of extended_perms_decision */ }; struct avc_cache { struct hlist_head slots[AVC_CACHE_SLOTS]; /* head for avc_node->list */ spinlock_t slots_lock[AVC_CACHE_SLOTS]; /* lock for writes */ atomic_t lru_hint; /* LRU hint for reclaim scan */ atomic_t active_nodes; u32 latest_notif; /* latest revocation notification */ }; struct avc_callback_node { int (*callback) (u32 event); u32 events; struct avc_callback_node *next; }; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct avc_cache_stats, avc_cache_stats) = { 0 }; #endif struct selinux_avc { unsigned int avc_cache_threshold; struct avc_cache avc_cache; }; static struct selinux_avc selinux_avc; void selinux_avc_init(struct selinux_avc **avc) { int i; selinux_avc.avc_cache_threshold = AVC_DEF_CACHE_THRESHOLD; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.slots[i]); spin_lock_init(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.slots_lock[i]); } atomic_set(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.active_nodes, 0); atomic_set(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.lru_hint, 0); *avc = &selinux_avc; } unsigned int avc_get_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc) { return avc->avc_cache_threshold; } void avc_set_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc, unsigned int cache_threshold) { avc->avc_cache_threshold = cache_threshold; } static struct avc_callback_node *avc_callbacks; static struct kmem_cache *avc_node_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_data_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_decision_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_cachep; static inline int avc_hash(u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { return (ssid ^ (tsid<<2) ^ (tclass<<4)) & (AVC_CACHE_SLOTS - 1); } /** * avc_init - Initialize the AVC. * * Initialize the access vector cache. */ void __init avc_init(void) { avc_node_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_node", sizeof(struct avc_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_xperms_node", sizeof(struct avc_xperms_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_decision_cachep = kmem_cache_create( "avc_xperms_decision_node", sizeof(struct avc_xperms_decision_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_data_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_xperms_data", sizeof(struct extended_perms_data), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } int avc_get_hash_stats(struct selinux_avc *avc, char *page) { int i, chain_len, max_chain_len, slots_used; struct avc_node *node; struct hlist_head *head; rcu_read_lock(); slots_used = 0; max_chain_len = 0; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[i]; if (!hlist_empty(head)) { slots_used++; chain_len = 0; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(node, head, list) chain_len++; if (chain_len > max_chain_len) max_chain_len = chain_len; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return scnprintf(page, PAGE_SIZE, "entries: %d\nbuckets used: %d/%d\n" "longest chain: %d\n", atomic_read(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes), slots_used, AVC_CACHE_SLOTS, max_chain_len); } /* * using a linked list for extended_perms_decision lookup because the list is * always small. i.e. less than 5, typically 1 */ static struct extended_perms_decision *avc_xperms_decision_lookup(u8 driver, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node; list_for_each_entry(xpd_node, &xp_node->xpd_head, xpd_list) { if (xpd_node->xpd.driver == driver) return &xpd_node->xpd; } return NULL; } static inline unsigned int avc_xperms_has_perm(struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, u8 which) { unsigned int rc = 0; if ((which == XPERMS_ALLOWED) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->allowed->p, perm); else if ((which == XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->auditallow->p, perm); else if ((which == XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->dontaudit->p, perm); return rc; } static void avc_xperms_allow_perm(struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node, u8 driver, u8 perm) { struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; security_xperm_set(xp_node->xp.drivers.p, driver); xpd = avc_xperms_decision_lookup(driver, xp_node); if (xpd && xpd->allowed) security_xperm_set(xpd->allowed->p, perm); } static void avc_xperms_decision_free(struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node) { struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; xpd = &xpd_node->xpd; if (xpd->allowed) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->allowed); if (xpd->auditallow) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->auditallow); if (xpd->dontaudit) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->dontaudit); kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_decision_cachep, xpd_node); } static void avc_xperms_free(struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node, *tmp; if (!xp_node) return; list_for_each_entry_safe(xpd_node, tmp, &xp_node->xpd_head, xpd_list) { list_del(&xpd_node->xpd_list); avc_xperms_decision_free(xpd_node); } kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_cachep, xp_node); } static void avc_copy_xperms_decision(struct extended_perms_decision *dest, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { dest->driver = src->driver; dest->used = src->used; if (dest->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED) memcpy(dest->allowed->p, src->allowed->p, sizeof(src->allowed->p)); if (dest->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) memcpy(dest->auditallow->p, src->auditallow->p, sizeof(src->auditallow->p)); if (dest->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) memcpy(dest->dontaudit->p, src->dontaudit->p, sizeof(src->dontaudit->p)); } /* * similar to avc_copy_xperms_decision, but only copy decision * information relevant to this perm */ static inline void avc_quick_copy_xperms_decision(u8 perm, struct extended_perms_decision *dest, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { /* * compute index of the u32 of the 256 bits (8 u32s) that contain this * command permission */ u8 i = perm >> 5; dest->used = src->used; if (dest->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED) dest->allowed->p[i] = src->allowed->p[i]; if (dest->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) dest->auditallow->p[i] = src->auditallow->p[i]; if (dest->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) dest->dontaudit->p[i] = src->dontaudit->p[i]; } static struct avc_xperms_decision_node *avc_xperms_decision_alloc(u8 which) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node; struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; xpd_node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_decision_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd_node) return NULL; xpd = &xpd_node->xpd; if (which & XPERMS_ALLOWED) { xpd->allowed = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->allowed) goto error; } if (which & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) { xpd->auditallow = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->auditallow) goto error; } if (which & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) { xpd->dontaudit = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->dontaudit) goto error; } return xpd_node; error: avc_xperms_decision_free(xpd_node); return NULL; } static int avc_add_xperms_decision(struct avc_node *node, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *dest_xpd; node->ae.xp_node->xp.len++; dest_xpd = avc_xperms_decision_alloc(src->used); if (!dest_xpd) return -ENOMEM; avc_copy_xperms_decision(&dest_xpd->xpd, src); list_add(&dest_xpd->xpd_list, &node->ae.xp_node->xpd_head); return 0; } static struct avc_xperms_node *avc_xperms_alloc(void) { struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; xp_node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xp_node) return xp_node; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xp_node->xpd_head); return xp_node; } static int avc_xperms_populate(struct avc_node *node, struct avc_xperms_node *src) { struct avc_xperms_node *dest; struct avc_xperms_decision_node *dest_xpd; struct avc_xperms_decision_node *src_xpd; if (src->xp.len == 0) return 0; dest = avc_xperms_alloc(); if (!dest) return -ENOMEM; memcpy(dest->xp.drivers.p, src->xp.drivers.p, sizeof(dest->xp.drivers.p)); dest->xp.len = src->xp.len; /* for each source xpd allocate a destination xpd and copy */ list_for_each_entry(src_xpd, &src->xpd_head, xpd_list) { dest_xpd = avc_xperms_decision_alloc(src_xpd->xpd.used); if (!dest_xpd) goto error; avc_copy_xperms_decision(&dest_xpd->xpd, &src_xpd->xpd); list_add(&dest_xpd->xpd_list, &dest->xpd_head); } node->ae.xp_node = dest; return 0; error: avc_xperms_free(dest); return -ENOMEM; } static inline u32 avc_xperms_audit_required(u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, int result, u32 *deniedp) { u32 denied, audited; denied = requested & ~avd->allowed; if (unlikely(denied)) { audited = denied & avd->auditdeny; if (audited && xpd) { if (avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, perm, XPERMS_DONTAUDIT)) audited &= ~requested; } } else if (result) { audited = denied = requested; } else { audited = requested & avd->auditallow; if (audited && xpd) { if (!avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, perm, XPERMS_AUDITALLOW)) audited &= ~requested; } } *deniedp = denied; return audited; } static inline int avc_xperms_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, int result, struct common_audit_data *ad) { u32 audited, denied; audited = avc_xperms_audit_required( requested, avd, xpd, perm, result, &denied); if (likely(!audited)) return 0; return slow_avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, audited, denied, result, ad); } static void avc_node_free(struct rcu_head *rhead) { struct avc_node *node = container_of(rhead, struct avc_node, rhead); avc_xperms_free(node->ae.xp_node); kmem_cache_free(avc_node_cachep, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(frees); } static void avc_node_delete(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *node) { hlist_del_rcu(&node->list); call_rcu(&node->rhead, avc_node_free); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static void avc_node_kill(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *node) { avc_xperms_free(node->ae.xp_node); kmem_cache_free(avc_node_cachep, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(frees); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static void avc_node_replace(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *new, struct avc_node *old) { hlist_replace_rcu(&old->list, &new->list); call_rcu(&old->rhead, avc_node_free); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static inline int avc_reclaim_node(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct avc_node *node; int hvalue, try, ecx; unsigned long flags; struct hlist_head *head; spinlock_t *lock; for (try = 0, ecx = 0; try < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; try++) { hvalue = atomic_inc_return(&avc->avc_cache.lru_hint) & (AVC_CACHE_SLOTS - 1); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; if (!spin_trylock_irqsave(lock, flags)) continue; rcu_read_lock(); hlist_for_each_entry(node, head, list) { avc_node_delete(avc, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(reclaims); ecx++; if (ecx >= AVC_CACHE_RECLAIM) { rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); goto out; } } rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); } out: return ecx; } static struct avc_node *avc_alloc_node(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct avc_node *node; node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_node_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!node) goto out; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&node->list); avc_cache_stats_incr(allocations); if (atomic_inc_return(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes) > avc->avc_cache_threshold) avc_reclaim_node(avc); out: return node; } static void avc_node_populate(struct avc_node *node, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd) { node->ae.ssid = ssid; node->ae.tsid = tsid; node->ae.tclass = tclass; memcpy(&node->ae.avd, avd, sizeof(node->ae.avd)); } static inline struct avc_node *avc_search_node(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { struct avc_node *node, *ret = NULL; int hvalue; struct hlist_head *head; hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(node, head, list) { if (ssid == node->ae.ssid && tclass == node->ae.tclass && tsid == node->ae.tsid) { ret = node; break; } } return ret; } /** * avc_lookup - Look up an AVC entry. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * * Look up an AVC entry that is valid for the * (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass. If a valid AVC entry exists, * then this function returns the avc_node. * Otherwise, this function returns NULL. */ static struct avc_node *avc_lookup(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { struct avc_node *node; avc_cache_stats_incr(lookups); node = avc_search_node(avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (node) return node; avc_cache_stats_incr(misses); return NULL; } static int avc_latest_notif_update(struct selinux_avc *avc, int seqno, int is_insert) { int ret = 0; static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(notif_lock); unsigned long flag; spin_lock_irqsave(&notif_lock, flag); if (is_insert) { if (seqno < avc->avc_cache.latest_notif) { pr_warn("SELinux: avc: seqno %d < latest_notif %d\n", seqno, avc->avc_cache.latest_notif); ret = -EAGAIN; } } else { if (seqno > avc->avc_cache.latest_notif) avc->avc_cache.latest_notif = seqno; } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&notif_lock, flag); return ret; } /** * avc_insert - Insert an AVC entry. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @avd: resulting av decision * @xp_node: resulting extended permissions * * Insert an AVC entry for the SID pair * (@ssid, @tsid) and class @tclass. * The access vectors and the sequence number are * normally provided by the security server in * response to a security_compute_av() call. If the * sequence number @avd->seqno is not less than the latest * revocation notification, then the function copies * the access vectors into a cache entry, returns * avc_node inserted. Otherwise, this function returns NULL. */ static struct avc_node *avc_insert(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_node *pos, *node = NULL; int hvalue; unsigned long flag; spinlock_t *lock; struct hlist_head *head; if (avc_latest_notif_update(avc, avd->seqno, 1)) return NULL; node = avc_alloc_node(avc); if (!node) return NULL; avc_node_populate(node, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd); if (avc_xperms_populate(node, xp_node)) { avc_node_kill(avc, node); return NULL; } hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, list) { if (pos->ae.ssid == ssid && pos->ae.tsid == tsid && pos->ae.tclass == tclass) { avc_node_replace(avc, node, pos); goto found; } } hlist_add_head_rcu(&node->list, head); found: spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); return node; } /** * avc_audit_pre_callback - SELinux specific information * will be called by generic audit code * @ab: the audit buffer * @a: audit_data */ static void avc_audit_pre_callback(struct audit_buffer *ab, void *a) { struct common_audit_data *ad = a; struct selinux_audit_data *sad = ad->selinux_audit_data; u32 av = sad->audited; const char **perms; int i, perm; audit_log_format(ab, "avc: %s ", sad->denied ? "denied" : "granted"); if (av == 0) { audit_log_format(ab, " null"); return; } perms = secclass_map[sad->tclass-1].perms; audit_log_format(ab, " {"); i = 0; perm = 1; while (i < (sizeof(av) * 8)) { if ((perm & av) && perms[i]) { audit_log_format(ab, " %s", perms[i]); av &= ~perm; } i++; perm <<= 1; } if (av) audit_log_format(ab, " 0x%x", av); audit_log_format(ab, " } for "); } /** * avc_audit_post_callback - SELinux specific information * will be called by generic audit code * @ab: the audit buffer * @a: audit_data */ static void avc_audit_post_callback(struct audit_buffer *ab, void *a) { struct common_audit_data *ad = a; struct selinux_audit_data *sad = ad->selinux_audit_data; char *scontext = NULL; char *tcontext = NULL; const char *tclass = NULL; u32 scontext_len; u32 tcontext_len; int rc; rc = security_sid_to_context(sad->state, sad->ssid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (rc) audit_log_format(ab, " ssid=%d", sad->ssid); else audit_log_format(ab, " scontext=%s", scontext); rc = security_sid_to_context(sad->state, sad->tsid, &tcontext, &tcontext_len); if (rc) audit_log_format(ab, " tsid=%d", sad->tsid); else audit_log_format(ab, " tcontext=%s", tcontext); tclass = secclass_map[sad->tclass-1].name; audit_log_format(ab, " tclass=%s", tclass); if (sad->denied) audit_log_format(ab, " permissive=%u", sad->result ? 0 : 1); trace_selinux_audited(sad, scontext, tcontext, tclass); kfree(tcontext); kfree(scontext); /* in case of invalid context report also the actual context string */ rc = security_sid_to_context_inval(sad->state, sad->ssid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (!rc && scontext) { if (scontext_len && scontext[scontext_len - 1] == '\0') scontext_len--; audit_log_format(ab, " srawcon="); audit_log_n_untrustedstring(ab, scontext, scontext_len); kfree(scontext); } rc = security_sid_to_context_inval(sad->state, sad->tsid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (!rc && scontext) { if (scontext_len && scontext[scontext_len - 1] == '\0') scontext_len--; audit_log_format(ab, " trawcon="); audit_log_n_untrustedstring(ab, scontext, scontext_len); kfree(scontext); } } /* This is the slow part of avc audit with big stack footprint */ noinline int slow_avc_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u32 audited, u32 denied, int result, struct common_audit_data *a) { struct common_audit_data stack_data; struct selinux_audit_data sad; if (WARN_ON(!tclass || tclass >= ARRAY_SIZE(secclass_map))) return -EINVAL; if (!a) { a = &stack_data; a->type = LSM_AUDIT_DATA_NONE; } sad.tclass = tclass; sad.requested = requested; sad.ssid = ssid; sad.tsid = tsid; sad.audited = audited; sad.denied = denied; sad.result = result; sad.state = state; a->selinux_audit_data = &sad; common_lsm_audit(a, avc_audit_pre_callback, avc_audit_post_callback); return 0; } /** * avc_add_callback - Register a callback for security events. * @callback: callback function * @events: security events * * Register a callback function for events in the set @events. * Returns %0 on success or -%ENOMEM if insufficient memory * exists to add the callback. */ int __init avc_add_callback(int (*callback)(u32 event), u32 events) { struct avc_callback_node *c; int rc = 0; c = kmalloc(sizeof(*c), GFP_KERNEL); if (!c) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out; } c->callback = callback; c->events = events; c->next = avc_callbacks; avc_callbacks = c; out: return rc; } /** * avc_update_node Update an AVC entry * @event : Updating event * @perms : Permission mask bits * @ssid,@tsid,@tclass : identifier of an AVC entry * @seqno : sequence number when decision was made * @xpd: extended_perms_decision to be added to the node * @flags: the AVC_* flags, e.g. AVC_NONBLOCKING, AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS, or 0. * * if a valid AVC entry doesn't exist,this function returns -ENOENT. * if kmalloc() called internal returns NULL, this function returns -ENOMEM. * otherwise, this function updates the AVC entry. The original AVC-entry object * will release later by RCU. */ static int avc_update_node(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 event, u32 perms, u8 driver, u8 xperm, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 seqno, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u32 flags) { int hvalue, rc = 0; unsigned long flag; struct avc_node *pos, *node, *orig = NULL; struct hlist_head *head; spinlock_t *lock; /* * If we are in a non-blocking code path, e.g. VFS RCU walk, * then we must not add permissions to a cache entry * because we will not audit the denial. Otherwise, * during the subsequent blocking retry (e.g. VFS ref walk), we * will find the permissions already granted in the cache entry * and won't audit anything at all, leading to silent denials in * permissive mode that only appear when in enforcing mode. * * See the corresponding handling of MAY_NOT_BLOCK in avc_audit() * and selinux_inode_permission(). */ if (flags & AVC_NONBLOCKING) return 0; node = avc_alloc_node(avc); if (!node) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out; } /* Lock the target slot */ hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, list) { if (ssid == pos->ae.ssid && tsid == pos->ae.tsid && tclass == pos->ae.tclass && seqno == pos->ae.avd.seqno){ orig = pos; break; } } if (!orig) { rc = -ENOENT; avc_node_kill(avc, node); goto out_unlock; } /* * Copy and replace original node. */ avc_node_populate(node, ssid, tsid, tclass, &orig->ae.avd); if (orig->ae.xp_node) { rc = avc_xperms_populate(node, orig->ae.xp_node); if (rc) { avc_node_kill(avc, node); goto out_unlock; } } switch (event) { case AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT: node->ae.avd.allowed |= perms; if (node->ae.xp_node && (flags & AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS)) avc_xperms_allow_perm(node->ae.xp_node, driver, xperm); break; case AVC_CALLBACK_TRY_REVOKE: case AVC_CALLBACK_REVOKE: node->ae.avd.allowed &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_ENABLE: node->ae.avd.auditallow |= perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_DISABLE: node->ae.avd.auditallow &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_ENABLE: node->ae.avd.auditdeny |= perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_DISABLE: node->ae.avd.auditdeny &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS: avc_add_xperms_decision(node, xpd); break; } avc_node_replace(avc, node, orig); out_unlock: spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); out: return rc; } /** * avc_flush - Flush the cache */ static void avc_flush(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct hlist_head *head; struct avc_node *node; spinlock_t *lock; unsigned long flag; int i; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[i]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[i]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); /* * With preemptable RCU, the outer spinlock does not * prevent RCU grace periods from ending. */ rcu_read_lock(); hlist_for_each_entry(node, head, list) avc_node_delete(avc, node); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); } } /** * avc_ss_reset - Flush the cache and revalidate migrated permissions. * @seqno: policy sequence number */ int avc_ss_reset(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 seqno) { struct avc_callback_node *c; int rc = 0, tmprc; avc_flush(avc); for (c = avc_callbacks; c; c = c->next) { if (c->events & AVC_CALLBACK_RESET) { tmprc = c->callback(AVC_CALLBACK_RESET); /* save the first error encountered for the return value and continue processing the callbacks */ if (!rc) rc = tmprc; } } avc_latest_notif_update(avc, seqno, 0); return rc; } /* * Slow-path helper function for avc_has_perm_noaudit, * when the avc_node lookup fails. We get called with * the RCU read lock held, and need to return with it * still held, but drop if for the security compute. * * Don't inline this, since it's the slow-path and just * results in a bigger stack frame. */ static noinline struct avc_node *avc_compute_av(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { rcu_read_unlock(); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xp_node->xpd_head); security_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, &xp_node->xp); rcu_read_lock(); return avc_insert(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, xp_node); } static noinline int avc_denied(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 xperm, unsigned int flags, struct av_decision *avd) { if (flags & AVC_STRICT) return -EACCES; if (enforcing_enabled(state) && !(avd->flags & AVD_FLAGS_PERMISSIVE)) return -EACCES; avc_update_node(state->avc, AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT, requested, driver, xperm, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd->seqno, NULL, flags); return 0; } /* * The avc extended permissions logic adds an additional 256 bits of * permissions to an avc node when extended permissions for that node are * specified in the avtab. If the additional 256 permissions is not adequate, * as-is the case with ioctls, then multiple may be chained together and the * driver field is used to specify which set contains the permission. */ int avc_has_extended_perms(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 xperm, struct common_audit_data *ad) { struct avc_node *node; struct av_decision avd; u32 denied; struct extended_perms_decision local_xpd; struct extended_perms_decision *xpd = NULL; struct extended_perms_data allowed; struct extended_perms_data auditallow; struct extended_perms_data dontaudit; struct avc_xperms_node local_xp_node; struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; int rc = 0, rc2; xp_node = &local_xp_node; if (WARN_ON(!requested)) return -EACCES; rcu_read_lock(); node = avc_lookup(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (unlikely(!node)) { node = avc_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, &avd, xp_node); } else { memcpy(&avd, &node->ae.avd, sizeof(avd)); xp_node = node->ae.xp_node; } /* if extended permissions are not defined, only consider av_decision */ if (!xp_node || !xp_node->xp.len) goto decision; local_xpd.allowed = &allowed; local_xpd.auditallow = &auditallow; local_xpd.dontaudit = &dontaudit; xpd = avc_xperms_decision_lookup(driver, xp_node); if (unlikely(!xpd)) { /* * Compute the extended_perms_decision only if the driver * is flagged */ if (!security_xperm_test(xp_node->xp.drivers.p, driver)) { avd.allowed &= ~requested; goto decision; } rcu_read_unlock(); security_compute_xperms_decision(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, driver, &local_xpd); rcu_read_lock(); avc_update_node(state->avc, AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS, requested, driver, xperm, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd.seqno, &local_xpd, 0); } else { avc_quick_copy_xperms_decision(xperm, &local_xpd, xpd); } xpd = &local_xpd; if (!avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, xperm, XPERMS_ALLOWED)) avd.allowed &= ~requested; decision: denied = requested & ~(avd.allowed); if (unlikely(denied)) rc = avc_denied(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, driver, xperm, AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS, &avd); rcu_read_unlock(); rc2 = avc_xperms_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, xpd, xperm, rc, ad); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } /** * avc_has_perm_noaudit - Check permissions but perform no auditing. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions, interpreted based on @tclass * @flags: AVC_STRICT, AVC_NONBLOCKING, or 0 * @avd: access vector decisions * * Check the AVC to determine whether the @requested permissions are granted * for the SID pair (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass, and call the security server on a cache miss to obtain * a new decision and add it to the cache. Return a copy of the decisions * in @avd. Return %0 if all @requested permissions are granted, * -%EACCES if any permissions are denied, or another -errno upon * other errors. This function is typically called by avc_has_perm(), * but may also be called directly to separate permission checking from * auditing, e.g. in cases where a lock must be held for the check but * should be released for the auditing. */ inline int avc_has_perm_noaudit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, unsigned int flags, struct av_decision *avd) { struct avc_node *node; struct avc_xperms_node xp_node; int rc = 0; u32 denied; if (WARN_ON(!requested)) return -EACCES; rcu_read_lock(); node = avc_lookup(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (unlikely(!node)) node = avc_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, &xp_node); else memcpy(avd, &node->ae.avd, sizeof(*avd)); denied = requested & ~(avd->allowed); if (unlikely(denied)) rc = avc_denied(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, 0, 0, flags, avd); rcu_read_unlock(); return rc; } /** * avc_has_perm - Check permissions and perform any appropriate auditing. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions, interpreted based on @tclass * @auditdata: auxiliary audit data * * Check the AVC to determine whether the @requested permissions are granted * for the SID pair (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass, and call the security server on a cache miss to obtain * a new decision and add it to the cache. Audit the granting or denial of * permissions in accordance with the policy. Return %0 if all @requested * permissions are granted, -%EACCES if any permissions are denied, or * another -errno upon other errors. */ int avc_has_perm(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata) { struct av_decision avd; int rc, rc2; rc = avc_has_perm_noaudit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, 0, &avd); rc2 = avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, rc, auditdata, 0); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } int avc_has_perm_flags(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata, int flags) { struct av_decision avd; int rc, rc2; rc = avc_has_perm_noaudit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, (flags & MAY_NOT_BLOCK) ? AVC_NONBLOCKING : 0, &avd); rc2 = avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, rc, auditdata, flags); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } u32 avc_policy_seqno(struct selinux_state *state) { return state->avc->avc_cache.latest_notif; } void avc_disable(void) { /* * If you are looking at this because you have realized that we are * not destroying the avc_node_cachep it might be easy to fix, but * I don't know the memory barrier semantics well enough to know. It's * possible that some other task dereferenced security_ops when * it still pointed to selinux operations. If that is the case it's * possible that it is about to use the avc and is about to need the * avc_node_cachep. I know I could wrap the security.c security_ops call * in an rcu_lock, but seriously, it's not worth it. Instead I just flush * the cache and get that memory back. */ if (avc_node_cachep) { avc_flush(selinux_state.avc); /* kmem_cache_destroy(avc_node_cachep); */ } }
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6622 6623 6624 6625 6626 6627 6628 6629 6630 6631 6632 6633 6634 6635 6636 6637 6638 6639 6640 6641 6642 6643 6644 6645 6646 6647 6648 6649 6650 6651 6652 6653 6654 6655 6656 6657 6658 6659 6660 6661 6662 6663 6664 6665 6666 6667 6668 6669 6670 6671 6672 6673 6674 6675 6676 6677 6678 6679 6680 6681 6682 6683 6684 6685 6686 6687 6688 6689 6690 6691 6692 6693 6694 6695 6696 6697 6698 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * mac80211 <-> driver interface * * Copyright 2002-2005, Devicescape Software, Inc. * Copyright 2006-2007 Jiri Benc <jbenc@suse.cz> * Copyright 2007-2010 Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net> * Copyright 2013-2014 Intel Mobile Communications GmbH * Copyright (C) 2015 - 2017 Intel Deutschland GmbH * Copyright (C) 2018 - 2020 Intel Corporation */ #ifndef MAC80211_H #define MAC80211_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/if_ether.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/ieee80211.h> #include <net/cfg80211.h> #include <net/codel.h> #include <net/ieee80211_radiotap.h> #include <asm/unaligned.h> /** * DOC: Introduction * * mac80211 is the Linux stack for 802.11 hardware that implements * only partial functionality in hard- or firmware. This document * defines the interface between mac80211 and low-level hardware * drivers. */ /** * DOC: Calling mac80211 from interrupts * * Only ieee80211_tx_status_irqsafe() and ieee80211_rx_irqsafe() can be * called in hardware interrupt context. The low-level driver must not call any * other functions in hardware interrupt context. If there is a need for such * call, the low-level driver should first ACK the interrupt and perform the * IEEE 802.11 code call after this, e.g. from a scheduled workqueue or even * tasklet function. * * NOTE: If the driver opts to use the _irqsafe() functions, it may not also * use the non-IRQ-safe functions! */ /** * DOC: Warning * * If you're reading this document and not the header file itself, it will * be incomplete because not all documentation has been converted yet. */ /** * DOC: Frame format * * As a general rule, when frames are passed between mac80211 and the driver, * they start with the IEEE 802.11 header and include the same octets that are * sent over the air except for the FCS which should be calculated by the * hardware. * * There are, however, various exceptions to this rule for advanced features: * * The first exception is for hardware encryption and decryption offload * where the IV/ICV may or may not be generated in hardware. * * Secondly, when the hardware handles fragmentation, the frame handed to * the driver from mac80211 is the MSDU, not the MPDU. */ /** * DOC: mac80211 workqueue * * mac80211 provides its own workqueue for drivers and internal mac80211 use. * The workqueue is a single threaded workqueue and can only be accessed by * helpers for sanity checking. Drivers must ensure all work added onto the * mac80211 workqueue should be cancelled on the driver stop() callback. * * mac80211 will flushed the workqueue upon interface removal and during * suspend. * * All work performed on the mac80211 workqueue must not acquire the RTNL lock. * */ /** * DOC: mac80211 software tx queueing * * mac80211 provides an optional intermediate queueing implementation designed * to allow the driver to keep hardware queues short and provide some fairness * between different stations/interfaces. * In this model, the driver pulls data frames from the mac80211 queue instead * of letting mac80211 push them via drv_tx(). * Other frames (e.g. control or management) are still pushed using drv_tx(). * * Drivers indicate that they use this model by implementing the .wake_tx_queue * driver operation. * * Intermediate queues (struct ieee80211_txq) are kept per-sta per-tid, with * another per-sta for non-data/non-mgmt and bufferable management frames, and * a single per-vif queue for multicast data frames. * * The driver is expected to initialize its private per-queue data for stations * and interfaces in the .add_interface and .sta_add ops. * * The driver can't access the queue directly. To dequeue a frame from a * txq, it calls ieee80211_tx_dequeue(). Whenever mac80211 adds a new frame to a * queue, it calls the .wake_tx_queue driver op. * * Drivers can optionally delegate responsibility for scheduling queues to * mac80211, to take advantage of airtime fairness accounting. In this case, to * obtain the next queue to pull frames from, the driver calls * ieee80211_next_txq(). The driver is then expected to return the txq using * ieee80211_return_txq(). * * For AP powersave TIM handling, the driver only needs to indicate if it has * buffered packets in the driver specific data structures by calling * ieee80211_sta_set_buffered(). For frames buffered in the ieee80211_txq * struct, mac80211 sets the appropriate TIM PVB bits and calls * .release_buffered_frames(). * In that callback the driver is therefore expected to release its own * buffered frames and afterwards also frames from the ieee80211_txq (obtained * via the usual ieee80211_tx_dequeue). */ struct device; /** * enum ieee80211_max_queues - maximum number of queues * * @IEEE80211_MAX_QUEUES: Maximum number of regular device queues. * @IEEE80211_MAX_QUEUE_MAP: bitmap with maximum queues set */ enum ieee80211_max_queues { IEEE80211_MAX_QUEUES = 16, IEEE80211_MAX_QUEUE_MAP = BIT(IEEE80211_MAX_QUEUES) - 1, }; #define IEEE80211_INVAL_HW_QUEUE 0xff /** * enum ieee80211_ac_numbers - AC numbers as used in mac80211 * @IEEE80211_AC_VO: voice * @IEEE80211_AC_VI: video * @IEEE80211_AC_BE: best effort * @IEEE80211_AC_BK: background */ enum ieee80211_ac_numbers { IEEE80211_AC_VO = 0, IEEE80211_AC_VI = 1, IEEE80211_AC_BE = 2, IEEE80211_AC_BK = 3, }; /** * struct ieee80211_tx_queue_params - transmit queue configuration * * The information provided in this structure is required for QoS * transmit queue configuration. Cf. IEEE 802.11 7.3.2.29. * * @aifs: arbitration interframe space [0..255] * @cw_min: minimum contention window [a value of the form * 2^n-1 in the range 1..32767] * @cw_max: maximum contention window [like @cw_min] * @txop: maximum burst time in units of 32 usecs, 0 meaning disabled * @acm: is mandatory admission control required for the access category * @uapsd: is U-APSD mode enabled for the queue * @mu_edca: is the MU EDCA configured * @mu_edca_param_rec: MU EDCA Parameter Record for HE */ struct ieee80211_tx_queue_params { u16 txop; u16 cw_min; u16 cw_max; u8 aifs; bool