1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * AEAD: Authenticated Encryption with Associated Data * * Copyright (c) 2007-2015 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_AEAD_H #define _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_AEAD_H #include <crypto/aead.h> #include <crypto/algapi.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/types.h> struct rtattr; struct aead_instance { void (*free)(struct aead_instance *inst); union { struct { char head[offsetof(struct aead_alg, base)]; struct crypto_instance base; } s; struct aead_alg alg; }; }; struct crypto_aead_spawn { struct crypto_spawn base; }; struct aead_queue { struct crypto_queue base; }; static inline void *crypto_aead_ctx(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_ctx(&tfm->base); } static inline struct crypto_instance *aead_crypto_instance( struct aead_instance *inst) { return container_of(&inst->alg.base, struct crypto_instance, alg); } static inline struct aead_instance *aead_instance(struct crypto_instance *inst) { return container_of(&inst->alg, struct aead_instance, alg.base); } static inline struct aead_instance *aead_alg_instance(struct crypto_aead *aead) { return aead_instance(crypto_tfm_alg_instance(&aead->base)); } static inline void *aead_instance_ctx(struct aead_instance *inst) { return crypto_instance_ctx(aead_crypto_instance(inst)); } static inline void *aead_request_ctx(struct aead_request *req) { return req->__ctx; } static inline void aead_request_complete(struct aead_request *req, int err) { req->base.complete(&req->base, err); } static inline u32 aead_request_flags(struct aead_request *req) { return req->base.flags; } static inline struct aead_request *aead_request_cast( struct crypto_async_request *req) { return container_of(req, struct aead_request, base); } int crypto_grab_aead(struct crypto_aead_spawn *spawn, struct crypto_instance *inst, const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline void crypto_drop_aead(struct crypto_aead_spawn *spawn) { crypto_drop_spawn(&spawn->base); } static inline struct aead_alg *crypto_spawn_aead_alg( struct crypto_aead_spawn *spawn) { return container_of(spawn->base.alg, struct aead_alg, base); } static inline struct crypto_aead *crypto_spawn_aead( struct crypto_aead_spawn *spawn) { return crypto_spawn_tfm2(&spawn->base); } static inline void crypto_aead_set_reqsize(struct crypto_aead *aead, unsigned int reqsize) { aead->reqsize = reqsize; } static inline void aead_init_queue(struct aead_queue *queue, unsigned int max_qlen) { crypto_init_queue(&queue->base, max_qlen); } static inline int aead_enqueue_request(struct aead_queue *queue, struct aead_request *request) { return crypto_enqueue_request(&queue->base, &request->base); } static inline struct aead_request *aead_dequeue_request( struct aead_queue *queue) { struct crypto_async_request *req; req = crypto_dequeue_request(&queue->base); return req ? container_of(req, struct aead_request, base) : NULL; } static inline struct aead_request *aead_get_backlog(struct aead_queue *queue) { struct crypto_async_request *req; req = crypto_get_backlog(&queue->base); return req ? container_of(req, struct aead_request, base) : NULL; } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_alg_chunksize(struct aead_alg *alg) { return alg->chunksize; } /** * crypto_aead_chunksize() - obtain chunk size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size is set to one for ciphers such as CCM. However, * you still need to provide incremental updates in multiples of * the underlying block size as the IV does not have sub-block * granularity. This is known in this API as the chunk size. * * Return: chunk size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_chunksize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_aead_alg_chunksize(crypto_aead_alg(tfm)); } int crypto_register_aead(struct aead_alg *alg); void crypto_unregister_aead(struct aead_alg *alg); int crypto_register_aeads(struct aead_alg *algs, int count); void crypto_unregister_aeads(struct aead_alg *algs, int count); int aead_register_instance(struct crypto_template *tmpl, struct aead_instance *inst); #endif /* _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_AEAD_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_VMSTAT_H #define _LINUX_VMSTAT_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/vm_event_item.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/static_key.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> extern int sysctl_stat_interval; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA #define ENABLE_NUMA_STAT 1 #define DISABLE_NUMA_STAT 0 extern int sysctl_vm_numa_stat; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(vm_numa_stat_key); int sysctl_vm_numa_stat_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos); #endif struct reclaim_stat { unsigned nr_dirty; unsigned nr_unqueued_dirty; unsigned nr_congested; unsigned nr_writeback; unsigned nr_immediate; unsigned nr_pageout; unsigned nr_activate[ANON_AND_FILE]; unsigned nr_ref_keep; unsigned nr_unmap_fail; unsigned nr_lazyfree_fail; }; enum writeback_stat_item { NR_DIRTY_THRESHOLD, NR_DIRTY_BG_THRESHOLD, NR_VM_WRITEBACK_STAT_ITEMS, }; #ifdef CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS /* * Light weight per cpu counter implementation. * * Counters should only be incremented and no critical kernel component * should rely on the counter values. * * Counters are handled completely inline. On many platforms the code * generated will simply be the increment of a global address. */ struct vm_event_state { unsigned long event[NR_VM_EVENT_ITEMS]; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct vm_event_state, vm_event_states); /* * vm counters are allowed to be racy. Use raw_cpu_ops to avoid the * local_irq_disable overhead. */ static inline void __count_vm_event(enum vm_event_item item) { raw_cpu_inc(vm_event_states.event[item]); } static inline void count_vm_event(enum vm_event_item item) { this_cpu_inc(vm_event_states.event[item]); } static inline void __count_vm_events(enum vm_event_item item, long delta) { raw_cpu_add(vm_event_states.event[item], delta); } static inline void count_vm_events(enum vm_event_item item, long delta) { this_cpu_add(vm_event_states.event[item], delta); } extern void all_vm_events(unsigned long *); extern void vm_events_fold_cpu(int cpu); #else /* Disable counters */ static inline void count_vm_event(enum vm_event_item item) { } static inline void count_vm_events(enum vm_event_item item, long delta) { } static inline void __count_vm_event(enum vm_event_item item) { } static inline void __count_vm_events(enum vm_event_item item, long delta) { } static inline void all_vm_events(unsigned long *ret) { } static inline void vm_events_fold_cpu(int cpu) { } #endif /* CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS */ #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING #define count_vm_numa_event(x) count_vm_event(x) #define count_vm_numa_events(x, y) count_vm_events(x, y) #else #define count_vm_numa_event(x) do {} while (0) #define count_vm_numa_events(x, y) do { (void)(y); } while (0) #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_TLBFLUSH #define count_vm_tlb_event(x) count_vm_event(x) #define count_vm_tlb_events(x, y) count_vm_events(x, y) #else #define count_vm_tlb_event(x) do {} while (0) #define count_vm_tlb_events(x, y) do { (void)(y); } while (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_VMACACHE #define count_vm_vmacache_event(x) count_vm_event(x) #else #define count_vm_vmacache_event(x) do {} while (0) #endif #define __count_zid_vm_events(item, zid, delta) \ __count_vm_events(item##_NORMAL - ZONE_NORMAL + zid, delta) /* * Zone and node-based page accounting with per cpu differentials. */ extern atomic_long_t vm_zone_stat[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS]; extern atomic_long_t vm_numa_stat[NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS]; extern atomic_long_t vm_node_stat[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS]; #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA static inline void zone_numa_state_add(long x, struct zone *zone, enum numa_stat_item item) { atomic_long_add(x, &zone->vm_numa_stat[item]); atomic_long_add(x, &vm_numa_stat[item]); } static inline unsigned long global_numa_state(enum numa_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&vm_numa_stat[item]); return x; } static inline unsigned long zone_numa_state_snapshot(struct zone *zone, enum numa_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&zone->vm_numa_stat[item]); int cpu; for_each_online_cpu(cpu) x += per_cpu_ptr(zone->pageset, cpu)->vm_numa_stat_diff[item]; return x; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ static inline void zone_page_state_add(long x, struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item) { atomic_long_add(x, &zone->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_add(x, &vm_zone_stat[item]); } static inline void node_page_state_add(long x, struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item) { atomic_long_add(x, &pgdat->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_add(x, &vm_node_stat[item]); } static inline unsigned long global_zone_page_state(enum zone_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&vm_zone_stat[item]); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } static inline unsigned long global_node_page_state_pages(enum node_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&vm_node_stat[item]); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } static inline unsigned long global_node_page_state(enum node_stat_item item) { VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(vmstat_item_in_bytes(item)); return global_node_page_state_pages(item); } static inline unsigned long zone_page_state(struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&zone->vm_stat[item]); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } /* * More accurate version that also considers the currently pending * deltas. For that we need to loop over all cpus to find the current * deltas. There is no synchronization so the result cannot be * exactly accurate either. */ static inline unsigned long zone_page_state_snapshot(struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item) { long x = atomic_long_read(&zone->vm_stat[item]); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int cpu; for_each_online_cpu(cpu) x += per_cpu_ptr(zone->pageset, cpu)->vm_stat_diff[item]; if (x < 0) x = 0; #endif return x; } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern void __inc_numa_state(struct zone *zone, enum numa_stat_item item); extern unsigned long sum_zone_node_page_state(int node, enum zone_stat_item item); extern unsigned long sum_zone_numa_state(int node, enum numa_stat_item item); extern unsigned long node_page_state(struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item); extern unsigned long node_page_state_pages(struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item); #else #define sum_zone_node_page_state(node, item) global_zone_page_state(item) #define node_page_state(node, item) global_node_page_state(item) #define node_page_state_pages(node, item) global_node_page_state_pages(item) #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP void __mod_zone_page_state(struct zone *, enum zone_stat_item item, long); void __inc_zone_page_state(struct page *, enum zone_stat_item); void __dec_zone_page_state(struct page *, enum zone_stat_item); void __mod_node_page_state(struct pglist_data *, enum node_stat_item item, long); void __inc_node_page_state(struct page *, enum node_stat_item); void __dec_node_page_state(struct page *, enum node_stat_item); void mod_zone_page_state(struct zone *, enum zone_stat_item, long); void inc_zone_page_state(struct page *, enum zone_stat_item); void dec_zone_page_state(struct page *, enum zone_stat_item); void mod_node_page_state(struct pglist_data *, enum node_stat_item, long); void inc_node_page_state(struct page *, enum node_stat_item); void dec_node_page_state(struct page *, enum node_stat_item); extern void inc_node_state(struct pglist_data *, enum node_stat_item); extern void __inc_zone_state(struct zone *, enum zone_stat_item); extern void __inc_node_state(struct pglist_data *, enum node_stat_item); extern void dec_zone_state(struct zone *, enum zone_stat_item); extern void __dec_zone_state(struct zone *, enum zone_stat_item); extern void __dec_node_state(struct pglist_data *, enum node_stat_item); void quiet_vmstat(void); void cpu_vm_stats_fold(int cpu); void refresh_zone_stat_thresholds(void); struct ctl_table; int vmstat_refresh(struct ctl_table *, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); void drain_zonestat(struct zone *zone, struct per_cpu_pageset *); int calculate_pressure_threshold(struct zone *zone); int calculate_normal_threshold(struct zone *zone); void set_pgdat_percpu_threshold(pg_data_t *pgdat, int (*calculate_pressure)(struct zone *)); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ /* * We do not maintain differentials in a single processor configuration. * The functions directly modify the zone and global counters. */ static inline void __mod_zone_page_state(struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item, long delta) { zone_page_state_add(delta, zone, item); } static inline void __mod_node_page_state(struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item, int delta) { if (vmstat_item_in_bytes(item)) { VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(delta & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)); delta >>= PAGE_SHIFT; } node_page_state_add(delta, pgdat, item); } static inline void __inc_zone_state(struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item) { atomic_long_inc(&zone->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_inc(&vm_zone_stat[item]); } static inline void __inc_node_state(struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item) { atomic_long_inc(&pgdat->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_inc(&vm_node_stat[item]); } static inline void __dec_zone_state(struct zone *zone, enum zone_stat_item item) { atomic_long_dec(&zone->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_dec(&vm_zone_stat[item]); } static inline void __dec_node_state(struct pglist_data *pgdat, enum node_stat_item item) { atomic_long_dec(&pgdat->vm_stat[item]); atomic_long_dec(&vm_node_stat[item]); } static inline void __inc_zone_page_state(struct page *page, enum zone_stat_item item) { __inc_zone_state(page_zone(page), item); } static inline void __inc_node_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item item) { __inc_node_state(page_pgdat(page), item); } static inline void __dec_zone_page_state(struct page *page, enum zone_stat_item item) { __dec_zone_state(page_zone(page), item); } static inline void __dec_node_page_state(struct page *page, enum node_stat_item item) { __dec_node_state(page_pgdat(page), item); } /* * We only use atomic operations to update counters. So there is no need to * disable interrupts. */ #define inc_zone_page_state __inc_zone_page_state #define dec_zone_page_state __dec_zone_page_state #define mod_zone_page_state __mod_zone_page_state #define inc_node_page_state __inc_node_page_state #define dec_node_page_state __dec_node_page_state #define mod_node_page_state __mod_node_page_state #define inc_zone_state __inc_zone_state #define inc_node_state __inc_node_state #define dec_zone_state __dec_zone_state #define set_pgdat_percpu_threshold(pgdat, callback) { } static inline void refresh_zone_stat_thresholds(void) { } static inline void cpu_vm_stats_fold(int cpu) { } static inline void quiet_vmstat(void) { } static inline void drain_zonestat(struct zone *zone, struct per_cpu_pageset *pset) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline void __mod_zone_freepage_state(struct zone *zone, int nr_pages, int migratetype) { __mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_PAGES, nr_pages); if (is_migrate_cma(migratetype)) __mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_FREE_CMA_PAGES, nr_pages); } extern const char * const vmstat_text[]; static inline const char *zone_stat_name(enum zone_stat_item item) { return vmstat_text[item]; } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA static inline const char *numa_stat_name(enum numa_stat_item item) { return vmstat_text[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS + item]; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */ static inline const char *node_stat_name(enum node_stat_item item) { return vmstat_text[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS + item]; } static inline const char *lru_list_name(enum lru_list lru) { return node_stat_name(NR_LRU_BASE + lru) + 3; // skip "nr_" } static inline const char *writeback_stat_name(enum writeback_stat_item item) { return vmstat_text[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS + item]; } #if defined(CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS) || defined(CONFIG_MEMCG) static inline const char *vm_event_name(enum vm_event_item item) { return vmstat_text[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_NUMA_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS + NR_VM_WRITEBACK_STAT_ITEMS + item]; } #endif /* CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS || CONFIG_MEMCG */ #endif /* _LINUX_VMSTAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM rtc #if !defined(_TRACE_RTC_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_RTC_H #include <linux/rtc.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(rtc_time_alarm_class, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(time64_t, secs) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->secs = secs; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("UTC (%lld) (%d)", __entry->secs, __entry->err ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_time_alarm_class, rtc_set_time, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_time_alarm_class, rtc_read_time, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_time_alarm_class, rtc_set_alarm, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_time_alarm_class, rtc_read_alarm, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err) ); TRACE_EVENT(rtc_irq_set_freq, TP_PROTO(int freq, int err), TP_ARGS(freq, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, freq) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->freq = freq; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("set RTC periodic IRQ frequency:%u (%d)", __entry->freq, __entry->err ) ); TRACE_EVENT(rtc_irq_set_state, TP_PROTO(int enabled, int err), TP_ARGS(enabled, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, enabled) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->enabled = enabled; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("%s RTC 2^N Hz periodic IRQs (%d)", __entry->enabled ? "enable" : "disable", __entry->err ) ); TRACE_EVENT(rtc_alarm_irq_enable, TP_PROTO(unsigned int enabled, int err), TP_ARGS(enabled, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned int, enabled) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->enabled = enabled; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("%s RTC alarm IRQ (%d)", __entry->enabled ? "enable" : "disable", __entry->err ) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(rtc_offset_class, TP_PROTO(long offset, int err), TP_ARGS(offset, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(long, offset) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->offset = offset; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("RTC offset: %ld (%d)", __entry->offset, __entry->err ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_offset_class, rtc_set_offset, TP_PROTO(long offset, int err), TP_ARGS(offset, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_offset_class, rtc_read_offset, TP_PROTO(long offset, int err), TP_ARGS(offset, err) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(rtc_timer_class, TP_PROTO(struct rtc_timer *timer), TP_ARGS(timer), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct rtc_timer *, timer) __field(ktime_t, expires) __field(ktime_t, period) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->timer = timer; __entry->expires = timer->node.expires; __entry->period = timer->period; ), TP_printk("RTC timer:(%p) expires:%lld period:%lld", __entry->timer, __entry->expires, __entry->period ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_timer_class, rtc_timer_enqueue, TP_PROTO(struct rtc_timer *timer), TP_ARGS(timer) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_timer_class, rtc_timer_dequeue, TP_PROTO(struct rtc_timer *timer), TP_ARGS(timer) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_timer_class, rtc_timer_fired, TP_PROTO(struct rtc_timer *timer), TP_ARGS(timer) ); #endif /* _TRACE_RTC_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
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5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } /* If details->check_mapping, we leave swap entries. */ if (unlikely(details)) continue; if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, range.end, details); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, range.end); } /** * zap_vma_ptes - remove ptes mapping the vma * @vma: vm_area_struct holding ptes to be zapped * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * This function only unmaps ptes assigned to VM_PFNMAP vmas. * * The entire address range must be fully contained within the vma. * */ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { if (address < vma->vm_start || address + size > vma->vm_end || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) return; zap_page_range_single(vma, address, size, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zap_vma_ptes); static pmd_t *walk_to_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return NULL; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); return pmd; } pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pmd_t *pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl); } static int validate_page_before_insert(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page) || PageSlab(page) || page_has_type(page)) return -EINVAL; flush_dcache_page(page); return 0; } static int insert_page_into_pte_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { if (!pte_none(*pte)) return -EBUSY; /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ get_page(page); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); return 0; } /* * This is the old fallback for page remapping. * * For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only * old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their * pages reserved for the old functions anyway. */ static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; int retval; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; retval = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (retval) goto out; retval = -ENOMEM; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) goto out; retval = insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); out: return retval; } #ifdef pte_index static int insert_page_in_batch_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { int err; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; err = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (err) return err; return insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); } /* insert_pages() amortizes the cost of spinlock operations * when inserting pages in a loop. Arch *must* define pte_index. */ static int insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pte_t *start_pte, *pte; spinlock_t *pte_lock; struct mm_struct *const mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long curr_page_idx = 0; unsigned long remaining_pages_total = *num; unsigned long pages_to_write_in_pmd; int ret; more: ret = -EFAULT; pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) goto out; pages_to_write_in_pmd = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_pages_total, PTRS_PER_PTE - pte_index(addr)); /* Allocate the PTE if necessary; takes PMD lock once only. */ ret = -ENOMEM; if (pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) goto out; while (pages_to_write_in_pmd) { int pte_idx = 0; const int batch_size = min_t(int, pages_to_write_in_pmd, 8); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &pte_lock); for (pte = start_pte; pte_idx < batch_size; ++pte, ++pte_idx) { int err = insert_page_in_batch_locked(mm, pte, addr, pages[curr_page_idx], prot); if (unlikely(err)) { pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); ret = err; remaining_pages_total -= pte_idx; goto out; } addr += PAGE_SIZE; ++curr_page_idx; } pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); pages_to_write_in_pmd -= batch_size; remaining_pages_total -= batch_size; } if (remaining_pages_total) goto more; ret = 0; out: *num = remaining_pages_total; return ret; } #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ /** * vm_insert_pages - insert multiple pages into user vma, batching the pmd lock. * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target start user address of these pages * @pages: source kernel pages * @num: in: number of pages to map. out: number of pages that were *not* * mapped. (0 means all pages were successfully mapped). * * Preferred over vm_insert_page() when inserting multiple pages. * * In case of error, we may have mapped a subset of the provided * pages. It is the caller's responsibility to account for this case. * * The same restrictions apply as in vm_insert_page(). */ int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num) { #ifdef pte_index const unsigned long end_addr = addr + (*num * PAGE_SIZE) - 1; if (addr < vma->vm_start || end_addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } /* Defer page refcount checking till we're about to map that page. */ return insert_pages(vma, addr, pages, num, vma->vm_page_prot); #else unsigned long idx = 0, pgcount = *num; int err = -EINVAL; for (; idx < pgcount; ++idx) { err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr + (PAGE_SIZE * idx), pages[idx]); if (err) break; } *num = pgcount - idx; return err; #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pages); /** * vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @page: source kernel page * * This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated * into a user vma. * * The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation. * If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as * such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself * (see split_page()). * * NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which * took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow * that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which * means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better * ask for a shared writable mapping! * * The page does not need to be reserved. * * Usually this function is called from f_op->mmap() handler * under mm->mmap_lock write-lock, so it can change vma->vm_flags. * Caller must set VM_MIXEDMAP on vma if it wants to call this * function from other places, for example from page-fault handler. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page); /* * __vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * @offset: user's requested vm_pgoff * * This allows drivers to map range of kernel pages into a user vma. * * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ static int __vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num, unsigned long offset) { unsigned long count = vma_pages(vma); unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start; int ret, i; /* Fail if the user requested offset is beyond the end of the object */ if (offset >= num) return -ENXIO; /* Fail if the user requested size exceeds available object size */ if (count > num - offset) return -ENXIO; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, pages[offset + i]); if (ret < 0) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } return 0; } /** * vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages starts with non zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Maps an object consisting of @num pages, catering for the user's * requested vm_pgoff * * If we fail to insert any page into the vma, the function will return * immediately leaving any previously inserted pages present. Callers * from the mmap handler may immediately return the error as their caller * will destroy the vma, removing any successfully inserted pages. Other * callers should make their own arrangements for calling unmap_region(). * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, vma->vm_pgoff); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages); /** * vm_map_pages_zero - map range of kernel pages starts with zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Similar to vm_map_pages(), except that it explicitly sets the offset * to 0. This function is intended for the drivers that did not consider * vm_pgoff. * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages_zero); static vm_fault_t insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pte_t *pte, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (!pte_none(*pte)) { if (mkwrite) { /* * For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed * in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the * mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite * case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared * mapping and we expect the PFNs to match. If they * don't match, we are likely racing with block * allocation and mapping invalidation so just skip the * update. */ if (pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte))); goto out_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(*pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); } goto out_unlock; } /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); else entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); if (mkwrite) { entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */ out_unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_pfn_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_pfn(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * This only makes sense for IO mappings, and it makes no sense for * COW mappings. In general, using multiple vmas is preferable; * vmf_insert_pfn_prot should only be used if using multiple VMAs is * impractical. * * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for a discussion of the implication of using * a value of @pgprot different from that of @vma->vm_page_prot. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { /* * Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these * restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like * consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should * try to keep these invariants in place for everybody. */ BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) == (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV)); return insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn_prot); /** * vmf_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * * Similar to vm_insert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages * they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply. * * This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and * in that case the handler should return the result of this function. * * vma cannot be a COW mapping. * * As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we * do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn) { return vmf_insert_pfn_prot(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn); static bool vm_mixed_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pfn_t pfn) { /* these checks mirror the abort conditions in vm_normal_page */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) return true; if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) return true; if (pfn_t_special(pfn)) return true; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn))) return true; return false; } static vm_fault_t __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool mkwrite) { int err; BUG_ON(!vm_mixed_ok(vma, pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid() * based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must* * refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather * than insert_pfn). If a zero_pfn were inserted into a VM_MIXEDMAP * without pte special, it would there be refcounted as a normal page. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL) && !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn)) { struct page *page; /* * At this point we are committed to insert_page() * regardless of whether the caller specified flags that * result in pfn_t_has_page() == false. */ page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)); err = insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot); } else { return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite); } if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_mixed_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_mixed(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * Typically this function should be used by drivers to set caching- and * encryption bits different than those of @vma->vm_page_prot, because * the caching- or encryption mode may not be known at mmap() time. * This is ok as long as @vma->vm_page_prot is not used by the core vm * to set caching and encryption bits for those vmas (except for COW pages). * This is ensured by core vm only modifying these page table entries using * functions that don't touch caching- or encryption bits, using pte_modify() * if needed. (See for example mprotect()). * Also when new page-table entries are created, this is only done using the * fault() callback, and never using the value of vma->vm_page_prot, * except for page-table entries that point to anonymous pages as the result * of COW. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_prot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed); /* * If the insertion of PTE failed because someone else already added a * different entry in the mean time, we treat that as success as we assume * the same entry was actually inserted. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite); /* * maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old * mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results * in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access") */ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int err = 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte)); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) { err = -EACCES; break; } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot))); pfn++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); return err; } static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target page aligned user address to start at * @pfn: page frame number of kernel physical memory address * @size: size of mapping area * @prot: page protection flags for this mapping * * Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size); struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long remap_pfn = pfn; int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr))) return -EINVAL; /* * Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the * rest of the world about it: * VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages * (accesses can have side effects). * VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just * raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated * with them. * VM_DONTEXPAND * Disable vma merging and expanding with mremap(). * VM_DONTDUMP * Omit vma from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off. * * There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write * behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original" * un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff". * See vm_normal_page() for details. */ if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) { if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_pgoff = pfn; } err = track_pfn_remap(vma, &prot, remap_pfn, addr, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); if (err) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (err) untrack_pfn(vma, remap_pfn, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range); /** * vm_iomap_memory - remap memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @start: start of the physical memory to be mapped * @len: size of area * * This is a simplified io_remap_pfn_range() for common driver use. The * driver just needs to give us the physical memory range to be mapped, * we'll figure out the rest from the vma information. * * NOTE! Some drivers might want to tweak vma->vm_page_prot first to get * whatever write-combining details or similar. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len) { unsigned long vm_len, pfn, pages; /* Check that the physical memory area passed in looks valid */ if (start + len < start) return -EINVAL; /* * You *really* shouldn't map things that aren't page-aligned, * but we've historically allowed it because IO memory might * just have smaller alignment. */ len += start & ~PAGE_MASK; pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT; pages = (len + ~PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn + pages < pfn) return -EINVAL; /* We start the mapping 'vm_pgoff' pages into the area */ if (vma->vm_pgoff > pages) return -EINVAL; pfn += vma->vm_pgoff; pages -= vma->vm_pgoff; /* Can we fit all of the mapping? */ vm_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vm_len >> PAGE_SHIFT > pages) return -EINVAL; /* Ok, let it rip */ return io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, pfn, vm_len, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_iomap_memory); static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; int err = 0; spinlock_t *ptl; if (create) { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask) : pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; } else { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr) : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); } BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd)); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (fn) { do { if (create || !pte_none(*pte)) { err = fn(pte++, addr, data); if (err) break; } } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); } *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (mm != &init_mm) pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl); return err; } static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err = 0; BUG_ON(pud_huge(*pud)); if (create) { pmd = pmd_alloc_track(mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; } else { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); } do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) { err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { pud = pud_alloc_track(mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; } else { pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); } do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) { err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { p4d = p4d_alloc_track(mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; } else { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); } do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) { err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int __apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long start = addr, next; unsigned long end = addr + size; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; int err = 0; if (WARN_ON(addr >= end)) return -EINVAL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (!create && pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; err = apply_to_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data, create, &mask); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, start + size); return err; } /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary * and calling a provided function on each leaf page table. */ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range); /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, calling a provided function on * each leaf page table where it exists. * * Unlike apply_to_page_range, this does _not_ fill in page tables * where they are absent. */ int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_existing_page_range); /* * handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was * read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures * or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which might give a mix of unmatched * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check; * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on). */ static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte) { int same = 1; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); } #endif pte_unmap(page_table); return same; } static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, struct vm_fault *vmf) { bool ret; void *kaddr; void __user *uaddr; bool locked = false; struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long addr = vmf->address; if (likely(src)) { copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma); return true; } /* * If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have * a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by * just copying from the original user address. If that * fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it. */ kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst); uaddr = (void __user *)(addr & PAGE_MASK); /* * On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would * take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here. */ if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_t entry; vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* * Other thread has already handled the fault * and update local tlb only */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, vmf->pte, entry, 0)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, vmf->pte); } /* * This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there * in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable, * in which case we just give up and fill the result with * zeroes. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { if (locked) goto warn; /* Re-validate under PTL if the page is still mapped */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* The PTE changed under us, update local tlb */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } /* * The same page can be mapped back since last copy attempt. * Try to copy again under PTL. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * Give a warn in case there can be some obscure * use-case */ warn: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); clear_page(kaddr); } } ret = true; pte_unlock: if (locked) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(dst); return ret; } static gfp_t __get_fault_gfp_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *vm_file = vma->vm_file; if (vm_file) return mapping_gfp_mask(vm_file->f_mapping) | __GFP_FS | __GFP_IO; /* * Special mappings (e.g. VDSO) do not have any file so fake * a default GFP_KERNEL for them. */ return GFP_KERNEL; } /* * Notify the address space that the page is about to become writable so that * it can prohibit this or wait for the page to get into an appropriate state. * * We do this without the lock held, so that it can sleep if it needs to. */ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { vm_fault_t ret; struct page *page = vmf->page; unsigned int old_flags = vmf->flags; vmf->flags = FAULT_FLAG_WRITE|FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; if (vmf->vma->vm_file && IS_SWAPFILE(vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vmf); /* Restore original flags so that caller is not surprised */ vmf->flags = old_flags; if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) return ret; if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) { lock_page(page); if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* retry */ } ret |= VM_FAULT_LOCKED; } else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); return ret; } /* * Handle dirtying of a page in shared file mapping on a write fault. * * The function expects the page to be locked and unlocks it. */ static vm_fault_t fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page = vmf->page; bool dirtied; bool page_mkwrite = vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite; dirtied = set_page_dirty(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page), page); /* * Take a local copy of the address_space - page.mapping may be zeroed * by truncate after unlock_page(). The address_space itself remains * pinned by vma->vm_file's reference. We rely on unlock_page()'s * release semantics to prevent the compiler from undoing this copying. */ mapping = page_rmapping(page); unlock_page(page); if (!page_mkwrite) file_update_time(vma->vm_file); /* * Throttle page dirtying rate down to writeback speed. * * mapping may be NULL here because some device drivers do not * set page.mapping but still dirty their pages * * Drop the mmap_lock before waiting on IO, if we can. The file * is pinning the mapping, as per above. */ if ((dirtied || page_mkwrite) && mapping) { struct file *fpin; fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, NULL); balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); if (fpin) { fput(fpin); return VM_FAULT_RETRY; } } return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for pages that can be reused in the current vma * * This can happen either due to the mapping being with the VM_SHARED flag, * or due to us being the last reference standing to the page. In either * case, all we need to do here is to mark the page as writable and update * any related book-keeping. */ static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = vmf->page; pte_t entry; /* * Clear the pages cpupid information as the existing * information potentially belongs to a now completely * unrelated process. */ if (page) page_cpupid_xchg_last(page, (1 << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1); flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); count_vm_event(PGREUSE); } /* * Handle the case of a page which we actually need to copy to a new page. * * Called with mmap_lock locked and the old page referenced, but * without the ptl held. * * High level logic flow: * * - Allocate a page, copy the content of the old page to the new one. * - Handle book keeping and accounting - cgroups, mmu-notifiers, etc. * - Take the PTL. If the pte changed, bail out and release the allocated page * - If the pte is still the way we remember it, update the page table and all * relevant references. This includes dropping the reference the page-table * held to the old page, as well as updating the rmap. * - In any case, unlock the PTL and drop the reference we took to the old page. */ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct page *old_page = vmf->page; struct page *new_page = NULL; pte_t entry; int page_copied = 0; struct mmu_notifier_range range; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte))) { new_page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; } else { new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; if (!cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, vmf)) { /* * COW failed, if the fault was solved by other, * it's fine. If not, userspace would re-fault on * the same address and we will handle the fault * from the second attempt. */ put_page(new_page); if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return 0; } } if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_new; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, vmf->address & PAGE_MASK, (vmf->address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { if (old_page) { if (!PageAnon(old_page)) { dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(old_page)); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* * Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the * pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition * seen in the presence of one thread doing SMC and another * thread doing COW. */ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, vma); /* * We call the notify macro here because, when using secondary * mmu page tables (such as kvm shadow page tables), we want the * new page to be mapped directly into the secondary page table. */ set_pte_at_notify(mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); if (old_page) { /* * Only after switching the pte to the new page may * we remove the mapcount here. Otherwise another * process may come and find the rmap count decremented * before the pte is switched to the new page, and * "reuse" the old page writing into it while our pte * here still points into it and can be read by other * threads. * * The critical issue is to order this * page_remove_rmap with the ptp_clear_flush above. * Those stores are ordered by (if nothing else,) * the barrier present in the atomic_add_negative * in page_remove_rmap. * * Then the TLB flush in ptep_clear_flush ensures that * no process can access the old page before the * decremented mapcount is visible. And the old page * cannot be reused until after the decremented * mapcount is visible. So transitively, TLBs to * old page will be flushed before it can be reused. */ page_remove_rmap(old_page, false); } /* Free the old page.. */ new_page = old_page; page_copied = 1; } else { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } if (new_page) put_page(new_page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); /* * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as * the above ptep_clear_flush_notify() did already call it. */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range); if (old_page) { /* * Don't let another task, with possibly unlocked vma, * keep the mlocked page. */ if (page_copied && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) { lock_page(old_page); /* LRU manipulation */ if (PageMlocked(old_page)) munlock_vma_page(old_page); unlock_page(old_page); } put_page(old_page); } return page_copied ? VM_FAULT_WRITE : 0; oom_free_new: put_page(new_page); oom: if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /** * finish_mkwrite_fault - finish page fault for a shared mapping, making PTE * writeable once the page is prepared * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a write page fault in a * shared mapping due to PTE being read-only once the mapped page is prepared. * It handles locking of PTE and modifying it. * * The function expects the page to be locked or other protection against * concurrent faults / writeback (such as DAX radix tree locks). * * Return: %VM_FAULT_WRITE on success, %0 when PTE got changed before * we acquired PTE lock. */ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * We might have raced with another page fault while we released the * pte_offset_map_lock. */ if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for VM_MIXEDMAP or VM_PFNMAP for a VM_SHARED * mapping */ static vm_fault_t wp_pfn_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t ret; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); vmf->flags |= FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; ret = vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite(vmf); if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)) return ret; return finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE; get_page(vmf->page); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t tmp; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } tmp = finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } else { wp_page_reuse(vmf); lock_page(vmf->page); } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } /* * This routine handles present pages, when users try to write * to a shared page. It is done by copying the page to a new address * and decrementing the shared-page counter for the old page. * * Note that this routine assumes that the protection checks have been * done by the caller (the low-level page fault routine in most cases). * Thus we can safely just mark it writable once we've done any necessary * COW. * * We also mark the page dirty at this point even though the page will * change only once the write actually happens. This avoids a few races, * and potentially makes it more efficient. * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), with pte both mapped and locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(vma, *vmf->pte)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); } /* * Userfaultfd write-protect can defer flushes. Ensure the TLB * is flushed in this case before copying. */ if (unlikely(userfaultfd_wp(vmf->vma) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(vmf->vma->vm_mm))) flush_tlb_page(vmf->vma, vmf->address); vmf->page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte); if (!vmf->page) { /* * VM_MIXEDMAP !pfn_valid() case, or VM_SOFTDIRTY clear on a * VM_PFNMAP VMA. * * We should not cow pages in a shared writeable mapping. * Just mark the pages writable and/or call ops->pfn_mkwrite. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) return wp_pfn_shared(vmf); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } /* * Take out anonymous pages first, anonymous shared vmas are * not dirty accountable. */ if (PageAnon(vmf->page)) { struct page *page = vmf->page; /* PageKsm() doesn't necessarily raise the page refcount */ if (PageKsm(page) || page_count(page) != 1) goto copy; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto copy; if (PageKsm(page) || page_mapcount(page) != 1 || page_count(page) != 1) { unlock_page(page); goto copy; } /* * Ok, we've got the only map reference, and the only * page count reference, and the page is locked, * it's dark out, and we're wearing sunglasses. Hit it. */ unlock_page(page); wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) { return wp_page_shared(vmf); } copy: /* * Ok, we need to copy. Oh, well.. */ get_page(vmf->page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } static void unmap_mapping_range_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { zap_page_range_single(vma, start_addr, end_addr - start_addr, details); } static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct rb_root_cached *root, struct zap_details *details) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; pgoff_t vba, vea, zba, zea; vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, details->first_index, details->last_index) { vba = vma->vm_pgoff; vea = vba + vma_pages(vma) - 1; zba = details->first_index; if (zba < vba) zba = vba; zea = details->last_index; if (zea > vea) zea = vea; unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma, ((zba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, ((zea - vba + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, details); } } /** * unmap_mapping_page() - Unmap single page from processes. * @page: The locked page to be unmapped. * * Unmap this page from any userspace process which still has it mmaped. * Typically, for efficiency, the range of nearby pages has already been * unmapped by unmap_mapping_pages() or unmap_mapping_range(). But once * truncation or invalidation holds the lock on a page, it may find that * the page has been remapped again: and then uses unmap_mapping_page() * to unmap it finally. */ void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct zap_details details = { }; VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON(PageTail(page)); details.check_mapping = mapping; details.first_index = page->index; details.last_index = page->index + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; details.single_page = page; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_pages() - Unmap pages from processes. * @mapping: The address space containing pages to be unmapped. * @start: Index of first page to be unmapped. * @nr: Number of pages to be unmapped. 0 to unmap to end of file. * @even_cows: Whether to unmap even private COWed pages. * * Unmap the pages in this address space from any userspace process which * has them mmaped. Generally, you want to remove COWed pages as well when * a file is being truncated, but not when invalidating pages from the page * cache. */ void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { struct zap_details details = { }; details.check_mapping = even_cows ? NULL : mapping; details.first_index = start; details.last_index = start + nr - 1; if (details.last_index < details.first_index) details.last_index = ULONG_MAX; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_range - unmap the portion of all mmaps in the specified * address_space corresponding to the specified byte range in the underlying * file. * * @mapping: the address space containing mmaps to be unmapped. * @holebegin: byte in first page to unmap, relative to the start of * the underlying file. This will be rounded down to a PAGE_SIZE * boundary. Note that this is different from truncate_pagecache(), which * must keep the partial page. In contrast, we must get rid of * partial pages. * @holelen: size of prospective hole in bytes. This will be rounded * up to a PAGE_SIZE boundary. A holelen of zero truncates to the * end of the file. * @even_cows: 1 when truncating a file, unmap even private COWed pages; * but 0 when invalidating pagecache, don't throw away private data. */ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { pgoff_t hba = holebegin >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t hlen = (holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Check for overflow. */ if (sizeof(holelen) > sizeof(hlen)) { long long holeend = (holebegin + holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (holeend & ~(long long)ULONG_MAX) hlen = ULONG_MAX - hba + 1; } unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, hba, hlen, even_cows); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range); /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with pte unmapped and unlocked. * * We return with the mmap_lock locked or unlocked in the same cases * as does filemap_fault(). */ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL, *swapcache; swp_entry_t entry; pte_t pte; int locked; int exclusive = 0; vm_fault_t ret = 0; void *shadow = NULL; if (!pte_unmap_same(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) goto out; entry = pte_to_swp_entry(vmf->orig_pte); if (unlikely(non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { migration_entry_wait(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address); } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { vmf->page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); ret = vmf->page->pgmap->ops->migrate_to_ram(vmf); } else if (is_hwpoison_entry(entry)) { ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } else { print_bad_pte(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte, NULL); ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } goto out; } delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); page = lookup_swap_cache(entry, vma, vmf->address); swapcache = page; if (!page) { struct swap_info_struct *si = swp_swap_info(entry); if (data_race(si->flags & SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO) && __swap_count(entry) == 1) { /* skip swapcache */ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (page) { int err; __SetPageLocked(page); __SetPageSwapBacked(page); set_page_private(page, entry.val); /* Tell memcg to use swap ownership records */ SetPageSwapCache(page); err = mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL); ClearPageSwapCache(page); if (err) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_page; } shadow = get_shadow_from_swap_cache(entry); if (shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); swap_readpage(page, true); } } else { page = swapin_readahead(entry, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vmf); swapcache = page; } if (!page) { /* * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte * while we released the pte lock. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto unlock; } /* Had to read the page from swap area: Major fault */ ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); } else if (PageHWPoison(page)) { /* * hwpoisoned dirty swapcache pages are kept for killing * owner processes (which may be unknown at hwpoison time) */ ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto out_release; } locked = lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); if (!locked) { ret |= VM_FAULT_RETRY; goto out_release; } /* * Make sure try_to_free_swap or reuse_swap_page or swapoff did not * release the swapcache from under us. The page pin, and pte_same * test below, are not enough to exclude that. Even if it is still * swapcache, we need to check that the page's swap has not changed. */ if (unlikely((!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)) && swapcache) goto out_page; page = ksm_might_need_to_copy(page, vma, vmf->address); if (unlikely(!page)) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; page = swapcache; goto out_page; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) goto out_nomap; if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; goto out_nomap; } /* * The page isn't present yet, go ahead with the fault. * * Be careful about the sequence of operations here. * To get its accounting right, reuse_swap_page() must be called * while the page is counted on swap but not yet in mapcount i.e. * before page_add_anon_rmap() and swap_free(); try_to_free_swap() * must be called after the swap_free(), or it will never succeed. */ inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); dec_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_SWAPENTS); pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) { pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma); vmf->flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE; exclusive = RMAP_EXCLUSIVE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(vmf->orig_pte)) pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte = pte_mkuffd_wp(pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, pte); arch_do_swap_page(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmf->address, pte, vmf->orig_pte); vmf->orig_pte = pte; /* ksm created a completely new copy */ if (unlikely(page != swapcache && swapcache)) { page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { do_page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, exclusive); } swap_free(entry); if (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page)) try_to_free_swap(page); unlock_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { /* * Hold the lock to avoid the swap entry to be reused * until we take the PT lock for the pte_same() check * (to avoid false positives from pte_same). For * further safety release the lock after the swap_free * so that the swap count won't change under a * parallel locked swapcache. */ unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { ret |= do_wp_page(vmf); if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) ret &= VM_FAULT_ERROR; goto out; } /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: return ret; out_nomap: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out_page: unlock_page(page); out_release: put_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; pte_t entry; /* File mapping without ->vm_ops ? */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * Use pte_alloc() instead of pte_alloc_map(). We can't run * pte_offset_map() on pmds where a huge pmd might be created * from a different thread. * * pte_alloc_map() is safe to use under mmap_write_lock(mm) or when * parallel threads are excluded by other means. * * Here we only have mmap_read_lock(mm). */ if (pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* See the comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))) return 0; /* Use the zero-page for reads */ if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !mm_forbids_zeropage(vma->vm_mm)) { entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(vmf->address), vma->vm_page_prot)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto unlock; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } goto setpte; } /* Allocate our own private page. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!page) goto oom; if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_page; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that * preceding stores to the page contents become visible before * the set_pte_at() write. */ __SetPageUptodate(page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto release; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto release; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); put_page(page); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); setpte: set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; release: put_page(page); goto unlock; oom_free_page: put_page(page); oom: return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /* * The mmap_lock must have been held on entry, and may have been * released depending on flags and vma->vm_ops->fault() return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; /* * Preallocate pte before we take page_lock because this might lead to * deadlocks for memcg reclaim which waits for pages under writeback: * lock_page(A) * SetPageWriteback(A) * unlock_page(A) * lock_page(B) * lock_page(B) * pte_alloc_one * shrink_page_list * wait_on_page_writeback(A) * SetPageWriteback(B) * unlock_page(B) * # flush A, B to clear the writeback */ if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } ret = vma->vm_ops->fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY | VM_FAULT_DONE_COW))) return ret; if (unlikely(PageHWPoison(vmf->page))) { if (ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED) unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); vmf->page = NULL; return VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) lock_page(vmf->page); else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(vmf->page), vmf->page); return ret; } /* * The ordering of these checks is important for pmds with _PAGE_DEVMAP set. * If we check pmd_trans_unstable() first we will trip the bad_pmd() check * inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(). This will end up correctly * returning 1 but not before it spams dmesg with the pmd_clear_bad() output. */ static int pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { return pmd_devmap(*pmd) || pmd_trans_unstable(pmd); } static vm_fault_t pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) goto map_pte; if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); goto map_pte; } mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); pmd_populate(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } else if (unlikely(pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd))) { return VM_FAULT_OOM; } map_pte: /* * If a huge pmd materialized under us just retry later. Use * pmd_trans_unstable() via pmd_devmap_trans_unstable() instead of * pmd_trans_huge() to ensure the pmd didn't become pmd_trans_huge * under us and then back to pmd_none, as a result of MADV_DONTNEED * running immediately after a huge pmd fault in a different thread of * this mm, in turn leading to a misleading pmd_trans_huge() retval. * All we have to ensure is that it is a regular pmd that we can walk * with pte_offset_map() and we can do that through an atomic read in * C, which is what pmd_trans_unstable() provides. */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; /* * At this point we know that our vmf->pmd points to a page of ptes * and it cannot become pmd_none(), pmd_devmap() or pmd_trans_huge() * for the duration of the fault. If a racing MADV_DONTNEED runs and * we zap the ptes pointed to by our vmf->pmd, the vmf->ptl will still * be valid and we will re-check to make sure the vmf->pte isn't * pte_none() under vmf->ptl protection when we return to * alloc_set_pte(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static void deposit_prealloc_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); /* * We are going to consume the prealloc table, * count that as nr_ptes. */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; unsigned long haddr = vmf->address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK; pmd_t entry; int i; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (!transhuge_vma_suitable(vma, haddr)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); if (compound_order(page) != HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) return ret; /* * Archs like ppc64 need additonal space to store information * related to pte entry. Use the preallocated table for that. */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) goto out; for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) flush_icache_page(vma, page + i); entry = mk_huge_pmd(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if (write) entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma); add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page), HPAGE_PMD_NR); page_add_file_rmap(page, true); /* * deposit and withdraw with pmd lock held */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit()) deposit_prealloc_pte(vmf); set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, haddr, vmf->pmd, entry); update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd); /* fault is handled */ ret = 0; count_vm_event(THP_FILE_MAPPED); out: spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); return ret; } #else static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /** * alloc_set_pte - setup new PTE entry for given page and add reverse page * mapping. If needed, the function allocates page table or use pre-allocated. * * @vmf: fault environment * @page: page to map * * Caller must take care of unlocking vmf->ptl, if vmf->pte is non-NULL on * return. * * Target users are page handler itself and implementations of * vm_ops->map_pages. * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; pte_t entry; vm_fault_t ret; if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && PageTransCompound(page)) { ret = do_set_pmd(vmf, page); if (ret != VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) return ret; } if (!vmf->pte) { ret = pte_alloc_one_map(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } /* Re-check under ptl */ if (unlikely(!pte_none(*vmf->pte))) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (write) entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* copy-on-write page */ if (write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* no need to invalidate: a not-present page won't be cached */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return 0; } /** * finish_fault - finish page fault once we have prepared the page to fault * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a page fault once the * page to fault in is prepared. It handles locking of PTEs, inserts PTE for * given page, adds reverse page mapping, handles memcg charges and LRU * addition. * * The function expects the page to be locked and on success it consumes a * reference of a page being mapped (for the PTE which maps it). * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* Did we COW the page? */ if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) page = vmf->cow_page; else page = vmf->page; /* * check even for read faults because we might have lost our CoWed * page */ if (!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = check_stable_address_space(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!ret) ret = alloc_set_pte(vmf, page); if (vmf->pte) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; } static unsigned long fault_around_bytes __read_mostly = rounddown_pow_of_two(65536); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static int fault_around_bytes_get(void *data, u64 *val) { *val = fault_around_bytes; return 0; } /* * fault_around_bytes must be rounded down to the nearest page order as it's * what do_fault_around() expects to see. */ static int fault_around_bytes_set(void *data, u64 val) { if (val / PAGE_SIZE > PTRS_PER_PTE) return -EINVAL; if (val > PAGE_SIZE) fault_around_bytes = rounddown_pow_of_two(val); else fault_around_bytes = PAGE_SIZE; /* rounddown_pow_of_two(0) is undefined */ return 0; } DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE(fault_around_bytes_fops, fault_around_bytes_get, fault_around_bytes_set, "%llu\n"); static int __init fault_around_debugfs(void) { debugfs_create_file_unsafe("fault_around_bytes", 0644, NULL, NULL, &fault_around_bytes_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(fault_around_debugfs); #endif /* * do_fault_around() tries to map few pages around the fault address. The hope * is that the pages will be needed soon and this will lower the number of * faults to handle. * * It uses vm_ops->map_pages() to map the pages, which skips the page if it's * not ready to be mapped: not up-to-date, locked, etc. * * This function is called with the page table lock taken. In the split ptlock * case the page table lock only protects only those entries which belong to * the page table corresponding to the fault address. * * This function doesn't cross the VMA boundaries, in order to call map_pages() * only once. * * fault_around_bytes defines how many bytes we'll try to map. * do_fault_around() expects it to be set to a power of two less than or equal * to PTRS_PER_PTE. * * The virtual address of the area that we map is naturally aligned to * fault_around_bytes rounded down to the machine page size * (and therefore to page order). This way it's easier to guarantee * that we don't cross page table boundaries. */ static vm_fault_t do_fault_around(struct vm_fault *vmf) { unsigned long address = vmf->address, nr_pages, mask; pgoff_t start_pgoff = vmf->pgoff; pgoff_t end_pgoff; int off; vm_fault_t ret = 0; nr_pages = READ_ONCE(fault_around_bytes) >> PAGE_SHIFT; mask = ~(nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; vmf->address = max(address & mask, vmf->vma->vm_start); off = ((address - vmf->address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); start_pgoff -= off; /* * end_pgoff is either the end of the page table, the end of * the vma or nr_pages from start_pgoff, depending what is nearest. */ end_pgoff = start_pgoff - ((vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1)) + PTRS_PER_PTE - 1; end_pgoff = min3(end_pgoff, vma_pages(vmf->vma) + vmf->vma->vm_pgoff - 1, start_pgoff + nr_pages - 1); if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) goto out; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->vma->vm_ops->map_pages(vmf, start_pgoff, end_pgoff); /* Huge page is mapped? Page fault is solved */ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) { ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } /* ->map_pages() haven't done anything useful. Cold page cache? */ if (!vmf->pte) goto out; /* check if the page fault is solved */ vmf->pte -= (vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) - (address >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: vmf->address = address; vmf->pte = NULL; return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_read_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* * Let's call ->map_pages() first and use ->fault() as fallback * if page by the offset is not ready to be mapped (cold cache or * something). */ if (vma->vm_ops->map_pages && fault_around_bytes >> PAGE_SHIFT > 1) { ret = do_fault_around(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_cow_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf->cow_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!vmf->cow_page) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (mem_cgroup_charge(vmf->cow_page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(vmf->cow_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(vmf->cow_page, GFP_KERNEL); ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; if (ret & VM_FAULT_DONE_COW) return ret; copy_user_highpage(vmf->cow_page, vmf->page, vmf->address, vma); __SetPageUptodate(vmf->cow_page); ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; return ret; uncharge_out: put_page(vmf->cow_page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_shared_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret, tmp; ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; /* * Check if the backing address space wants to know that the page is * about to become writable */ if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { unlock_page(vmf->page); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } ret |= finish_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults). * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). * If mmap_lock is released, vma may become invalid (for example * by other thread calling munmap()). */ static vm_fault_t do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *vm_mm = vma->vm_mm; vm_fault_t ret; /* * The VMA was not fully populated on mmap() or missing VM_DONTEXPAND */ if (!vma->vm_ops->fault) { /* * If we find a migration pmd entry or a none pmd entry, which * should never happen, return SIGBUS */ if (unlikely(!pmd_present(*vmf->pmd))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else { vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * Make sure this is not a temporary clearing of pte * by holding ptl and checking again. A R/M/W update * of pte involves: take ptl, clearing the pte so that * we don't have concurrent modification by hardware * followed by an update. */ if (unlikely(pte_none(*vmf->pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); } } else if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) ret = do_read_fault(vmf); else if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = do_cow_fault(vmf); else ret = do_shared_fault(vmf); /* preallocated pagetable is unused: free it */ if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { pte_free(vm_mm, vmf->prealloc_pte); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } return ret; } static int numa_migrate_prep(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int page_nid, int *flags) { get_page(page); count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS); if (page_nid == numa_node_id()) { count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS_LOCAL); *flags |= TNF_FAULT_LOCAL; } return mpol_misplaced(page, vma, addr); } static vm_fault_t do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL; int page_nid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int last_cpupid; int target_nid; bool migrated = false; pte_t pte, old_pte; bool was_writable = pte_savedwrite(vmf->orig_pte); int flags = 0; /* * The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without * validation through pte_unmap_same(). It's of NUMA type but * the pfn may be screwed if the read is non atomic. */ vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); goto out; } /* * Make it present again, Depending on how arch implementes non * accessible ptes, some can allow access by kernel mode. */ old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte = pte_modify(old_pte, vma->vm_page_prot); pte = pte_mkyoung(pte); if (was_writable) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, old_pte, pte); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, pte); if (!page) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* TODO: handle PTE-mapped THP */ if (PageCompound(page)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * Avoid grouping on RO pages in general. RO pages shouldn't hurt as * much anyway since they can be in shared cache state. This misses * the case where a mapping is writable but the process never writes * to it but pte_write gets cleared during protection updates and * pte_dirty has unpredictable behaviour between PTE scan updates, * background writeback, dirty balancing and application behaviour. */ if (!pte_write(pte)) flags |= TNF_NO_GROUP; /* * Flag if the page is shared between multiple address spaces. This * is later used when determining whether to group tasks together */ if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) flags |= TNF_SHARED; last_cpupid = page_cpupid_last(page); page_nid = page_to_nid(page); target_nid = numa_migrate_prep(page, vma, vmf->address, page_nid, &flags); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); if (target_nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) { put_page(page); goto out; } /* Migrate to the requested node */ migrated = migrate_misplaced_page(page, vma, target_nid); if (migrated) { page_nid = target_nid; flags |= TNF_MIGRATED; } else flags |= TNF_MIGRATE_FAIL; out: if (page_nid != NUMA_NO_NODE) task_numa_fault(last_cpupid, page_nid, 1, flags); return 0; } static inline vm_fault_t create_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(vmf); if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* `inline' is required to avoid gcc 4.1.2 build error */ static inline vm_fault_t wp_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) { if (userfaultfd_huge_pmd_wp(vmf->vma, orig_pmd)) return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); return do_huge_pmd_wp_page(vmf, orig_pmd); } if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } /* COW or write-notify handled on pte level: split pmd. */ __split_huge_pmd(vmf->vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, false, NULL); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t create_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) goto split; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } split: /* COW or write-notify not handled on PUD level: split pud.*/ __split_huge_pud(vmf->vma, vmf->pud, vmf->address); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t wp_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* * These routines also need to handle stuff like marking pages dirty * and/or accessed for architectures that don't do it in hardware (most * RISC architectures). The early dirtying is also good on the i386. * * There is also a hook called "update_mmu_cache()" that architectures * with external mmu caches can use to update those (ie the Sparc or * PowerPC hashed page tables that act as extended TLBs). * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, but allow * concurrent faults). * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { pte_t entry; if (unlikely(pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { /* * Leave __pte_alloc() until later: because vm_ops->fault may * want to allocate huge page, and if we expose page table * for an instant, it will be difficult to retract from * concurrent faults and from rmap lookups. */ vmf->pte = NULL; } else { /* See comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return 0; /* * A regular pmd is established and it can't morph into a huge * pmd from under us anymore at this point because we hold the * mmap_lock read mode and khugepaged takes it in write mode. * So now it's safe to run pte_offset_map(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map(vmf->pmd, vmf->address); vmf->orig_pte = *vmf->pte; /* * some architectures can have larger ptes than wordsize, * e.g.ppc44x-defconfig has CONFIG_PTE_64BIT=y and * CONFIG_32BIT=y, so READ_ONCE cannot guarantee atomic * accesses. The code below just needs a consistent view * for the ifs and we later double check anyway with the * ptl lock held. So here a barrier will do. */ barrier(); if (pte_none(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_unmap(vmf->pte); vmf->pte = NULL; } } if (!vmf->pte) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_anonymous_page(vmf); else return do_fault(vmf); } if (!pte_present(vmf->orig_pte)) return do_swap_page(vmf); if (pte_protnone(vmf->orig_pte) && vma_is_accessible(vmf->vma)) return do_numa_page(vmf); vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); entry = vmf->orig_pte; if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, entry))) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { if (!pte_write(entry)) return do_wp_page(vmf); entry = pte_mkdirty(entry); } entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) { update_mmu_cache(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } else { /* Skip spurious TLB flush for retried page fault */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED) goto unlock; /* * This is needed only for protection faults but the arch code * is not yet telling us if this is a protection fault or not. * This still avoids useless tlb flushes for .text page faults * with threads. */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vmf->vma, vmf->address); } unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags) { struct vm_fault vmf = { .vma = vma, .address = address & PAGE_MASK, .flags = flags, .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address), .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma), }; unsigned int dirty = flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; vm_fault_t ret; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address); if (!p4d) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf.pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address); if (!vmf.pud) return VM_FAULT_OOM; retry_pud: if (pud_none(*vmf.pud) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pud(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pud_t orig_pud = *vmf.pud; barrier(); if (pud_trans_huge(orig_pud) || pud_devmap(orig_pud)) { /* NUMA case for anonymous PUDs would go here */ if (dirty && !pud_write(orig_pud)) { ret = wp_huge_pud(&vmf, orig_pud); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pud_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pud); return 0; } } } vmf.pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, vmf.pud, address); if (!vmf.pmd) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* Huge pud page fault raced with pmd_alloc? */ if (pud_trans_unstable(vmf.pud)) goto retry_pud; if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pmd_t orig_pmd = *vmf.pmd; barrier(); if (unlikely(is_swap_pmd(orig_pmd))) { VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() && !is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)); if (is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)) pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, vmf.pmd); return 0; } if (pmd_trans_huge(orig_pmd) || pmd_devmap(orig_pmd)) { if (pmd_protnone(orig_pmd) && vma_is_accessible(vma)) return do_huge_pmd_numa_page(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (dirty && !pmd_write(orig_pmd)) { ret = wp_huge_pmd(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pmd_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pmd); return 0; } } } return handle_pte_fault(&vmf); } /** * mm_account_fault - Do page fault accountings * * @regs: the pt_regs struct pointer. When set to NULL, will skip accounting * of perf event counters, but we'll still do the per-task accounting to * the task who triggered this page fault. * @address: the faulted address. * @flags: the fault flags. * @ret: the fault retcode. * * This will take care of most of the page fault accountings. Meanwhile, it * will also include the PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_[MAJ|MIN] perf counter * updates. However note that the handling of PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS should * still be in per-arch page fault handlers at the entry of page fault. */ static inline void mm_account_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, vm_fault_t ret) { bool major; /* * We don't do accounting for some specific faults: * * - Unsuccessful faults (e.g. when the address wasn't valid). That * includes arch_vma_access_permitted() failing before reaching here. * So this is not a "this many hardware page faults" counter. We * should use the hw profiling for that. * * - Incomplete faults (VM_FAULT_RETRY). They will only be counted * once they're completed. */ if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_RETRY)) return; /* * We define the fault as a major fault when the final successful fault * is VM_FAULT_MAJOR, or if it retried (which implies that we couldn't * handle it immediately previously). */ major = (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR) || (flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED); if (major) current->maj_flt++; else current->min_flt++; /* * If the fault is done for GUP, regs will be NULL. We only do the * accounting for the per thread fault counters who triggered the * fault, and we skip the perf event updates. */ if (!regs) return; if (major) perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MAJ, 1, regs, address); else perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MIN, 1, regs, address); } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { vm_fault_t ret; __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); count_vm_event(PGFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGFAULT); /* do counter updates before entering really critical section. */ check_sync_rss_stat(current); if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, flags & FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, flags & FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE)) return VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV; /* * Enable the memcg OOM handling for faults triggered in user * space. Kernel faults are handled more gracefully. */ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(); if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags); else ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) { mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(); /* * The task may have entered a memcg OOM situation but * if the allocation error was handled gracefully (no * VM_FAULT_OOM), there is no need to kill anything. * Just clean up the OOM state peacefully. */ if (task_in_memcg_oom(current) && !(ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)) mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(false); } mm_account_fault(regs, address, flags, ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_mm_fault); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED /* * Allocate p4d page table. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { p4d_t *new = p4d_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (pgd_present(*pgd)) /* Another has populated it */ p4d_free(mm, new); else pgd_populate(mm, pgd, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page upper directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { pud_t *new = pud_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) { mm_inc_nr_puds(mm); p4d_populate(mm, p4d, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pud_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page middle directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { spinlock_t *ptl; pmd_t *new = pmd_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ ptl = pud_lock(mm, pud); if (!pud_present(*pud)) { mm_inc_nr_pmds(mm); pud_populate(mm, pud, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pmd_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(ptl); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED */ int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d) || unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { if (!pmdpp) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PMD_MASK, (address & PMD_MASK) + PMD_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } *ptlp = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { *pmdpp = pmd; return 0; } spin_unlock(*ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); } if (pmd_none(*pmd) || unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PAGE_MASK, (address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp); if (!pte_present(*ptep)) goto unlock; *ptepp = ptep; return 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, *ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); out: return -EINVAL; } /** * follow_pte - look up PTE at a user virtual address * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @address: user virtual address * @ptepp: location to store found PTE * @ptlp: location to store the lock for the PTE * * On a successful return, the pointer to the PTE is stored in @ptepp; * the corresponding lock is taken and its location is stored in @ptlp. * The contents of the PTE are only stable until @ptlp is released; * any further use, if any, must be protected against invalidation * with MMU notifiers. * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. The mmap semaphore * should be taken for read. * * KVM uses this function. While it is arguably less bad than ``follow_pfn``, * it is not a good general-purpose API. * * Return: zero on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { return follow_invalidate_pte(mm, address, NULL, ptepp, NULL, ptlp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(follow_pte); /** * follow_pfn - look up PFN at a user virtual address * @vma: memory mapping * @address: user virtual address * @pfn: location to store found PFN * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. * * This function does not allow the caller to read the permissions * of the PTE. Do not use it. * * Return: zero and the pfn at @pfn on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn) { int ret = -EINVAL; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *ptep; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) return ret; ret = follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl); if (ret) return ret; *pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep); pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_pfn); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys) { int ret = -EINVAL; pte_t *ptep, pte; spinlock_t *ptl; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) goto out; if (follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl)) goto out; pte = *ptep; if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte)) goto unlock; *prot = pgprot_val(pte_pgprot(pte)); *phys = (resource_size_t)pte_pfn(pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; ret = 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); out: return ret; } int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write) { resource_size_t phys_addr; unsigned long prot = 0; void __iomem *maddr; int offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (follow_phys(vma, addr, write, &prot, &phys_addr)) return -EINVAL; maddr = ioremap_prot(phys_addr, PAGE_ALIGN(len + offset), prot); if (!maddr) return -ENOMEM; if (write) memcpy_toio(maddr + offset, buf, len); else memcpy_fromio(buf, maddr + offset, len); iounmap(maddr); return len; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_access_phys); #endif /* * Access another process' address space as given in mm. If non-NULL, use the * given task for page fault accounting. */ int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; void *old_buf = buf; int write = gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE; if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm)) return 0; /* ignore errors, just check how much was successfully transferred */ while (len) { int bytes, ret, offset; void *maddr; struct page *page = NULL; ret = get_user_pages_remote(mm, addr, 1, gup_flags, &page, &vma, NULL); if (ret <= 0) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT break; #else /* * Check if this is a VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP VMA, which * we can access using slightly different code. */ vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (!vma || vma->vm_start > addr) break; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->access) ret = vma->vm_ops->access(vma, addr, buf, len, write); if (ret <= 0) break; bytes = ret; #endif } else { bytes = len; offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (bytes > PAGE_SIZE-offset) bytes = PAGE_SIZE-offset; maddr = kmap(page); if (write) { copy_to_user_page(vma, page, addr, maddr + offset, buf, bytes); set_page_dirty_lock(page); } else { copy_from_user_page(vma, page, addr, buf, maddr + offset, bytes); } kunmap(page); put_page(page); } len -= bytes; buf += bytes; addr += bytes; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); return buf - old_buf; } /** * access_remote_vm - access another process' address space * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @addr: start address to access * @buf: source or destination buffer * @len: number of bytes to transfer * @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour * * The caller must hold a reference on @mm. * * Return: number of bytes copied from source to destination. */ int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { return __access_remote_vm(NULL, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); } /* * Access another process' address space. * Source/target buffer must be kernel space, * Do not walk the page table directly, use get_user_pages */ int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct mm_struct *mm; int ret; mm = get_task_mm(tsk); if (!mm) return 0; ret = __access_remote_vm(tsk, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); mmput(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(access_process_vm); /* * Print the name of a VMA. */ void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long ip) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* * we might be running from an atomic context so we cannot sleep */ if (!mmap_read_trylock(mm)) return; vma = find_vma(mm, ip); if (vma && vma->vm_file) { struct file *f = vma->vm_file; char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_NOWAIT); if (buf) { char *p; p = file_path(f, buf, PAGE_SIZE); if (IS_ERR(p)) p = "?"; printk("%s%s[%lx+%lx]", prefix, kbasename(p), vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } mmap_read_unlock(mm); } #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) void __might_fault(const char *file, int line) { /* * Some code (nfs/sunrpc) uses socket ops on kernel memory while * holding the mmap_lock, this is safe because kernel memory doesn't * get paged out, therefore we'll never actually fault, and the * below annotations will generate false positives. */ if (uaccess_kernel()) return; if (pagefault_disabled()) return; __might_sleep(file, line, 0); #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) if (current->mm) might_lock_read(&current->mm->mmap_lock); #endif } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__might_fault); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) /* * Process all subpages of the specified huge page with the specified * operation. The target subpage will be processed last to keep its * cache lines hot. */ static inline void process_huge_page( unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, void (*process_subpage)(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg), void *arg) { int i, n, base, l; unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); /* Process target subpage last to keep its cache lines hot */ might_sleep(); n = (addr_hint - addr) / PAGE_SIZE; if (2 * n <= pages_per_huge_page) { /* If target subpage in first half of huge page */ base = 0; l = n; /* Process subpages at the end of huge page */ for (i = pages_per_huge_page - 1; i >= 2 * n; i--) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } else { /* If target subpage in second half of huge page */ base = pages_per_huge_page - 2 * (pages_per_huge_page - n); l = pages_per_huge_page - n; /* Process subpages at the begin of huge page */ for (i = 0; i < base; i++) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } /* * Process remaining subpages in left-right-left-right pattern * towards the target subpage */ for (i = 0; i < l; i++) { int left_idx = base + i; int right_idx = base + 2 * l - 1 - i; cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + left_idx * PAGE_SIZE, left_idx, arg); cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + right_idx * PAGE_SIZE, right_idx, arg); } } static void clear_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *p = page; might_sleep(); for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, p = mem_map_next(p, page, i)) { cond_resched(); clear_user_highpage(p, addr + i * PAGE_SIZE); } } static void clear_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct page *page = arg; clear_user_highpage(page + idx, addr); } void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { clear_gigantic_page(page, addr, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, clear_subpage, page); } static void copy_user_gigantic_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *dst_base = dst; struct page *src_base = src; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; ) { cond_resched(); copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr + i*PAGE_SIZE, vma); i++; dst = mem_map_next(dst, dst_base, i); src = mem_map_next(src, src_base, i); } } struct copy_subpage_arg { struct page *dst; struct page *src; struct vm_area_struct *vma; }; static void copy_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct copy_subpage_arg *copy_arg = arg; copy_user_highpage(copy_arg->dst + idx, copy_arg->src + idx, addr, copy_arg->vma); } void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); struct copy_subpage_arg arg = { .dst = dst, .src = src, .vma = vma, }; if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { copy_user_gigantic_page(dst, src, addr, vma, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, copy_subpage, &arg); } long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault) { void *src = (void *)usr_src; void *page_kaddr; unsigned long i, rc = 0; unsigned long ret_val = pages_per_huge_page * PAGE_SIZE; struct page *subpage = dst_page; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, subpage = mem_map_next(subpage, dst_page, i)) { if (allow_pagefault) page_kaddr = kmap(subpage); else page_kaddr = kmap_atomic(subpage); rc = copy_from_user(page_kaddr, (const void __user *)(src + i * PAGE_SIZE), PAGE_SIZE); if (allow_pagefault) kunmap(subpage); else kunmap_atomic(page_kaddr); ret_val -= (PAGE_SIZE - rc); if (rc) break; cond_resched(); } return ret_val; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS && ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS static struct kmem_cache *page_ptl_cachep; void __init ptlock_cache_init(void) { page_ptl_cachep = kmem_cache_create("page->ptl", sizeof(spinlock_t), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = kmem_cache_alloc(page_ptl_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ptl) return false; page->ptl = ptl; return true; } void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { kmem_cache_free(page_ptl_cachep, page->ptl); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _INET_COMMON_H #define _INET_COMMON_H #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> extern const struct proto_ops inet_stream_ops; extern const struct proto_ops inet_dgram_ops; /* * INET4 prototypes used by INET6 */ struct msghdr; struct sock; struct sockaddr; struct socket; int inet_release(struct socket *sock); int inet_stream_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags); int __inet_stream_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags, int is_sendmsg); int inet_dgram_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, int flags); int inet_accept(struct socket *sock, struct socket *newsock, int flags, bool kern); int inet_send_prepare(struct sock *sk); int inet_sendmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size); ssize_t inet_sendpage(struct socket *sock, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags); int inet_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t size, int flags); int inet_shutdown(struct socket *sock, int how); int inet_listen(struct socket *sock, int backlog); void inet_sock_destruct(struct sock *sk); int inet_bind(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); /* Don't allocate port at this moment, defer to connect. */ #define BIND_FORCE_ADDRESS_NO_PORT (1 << 0) /* Grab and release socket lock. */ #define BIND_WITH_LOCK (1 << 1) /* Called from BPF program. */ #define BIND_FROM_BPF (1 << 2) int __inet_bind(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len, u32 flags); int inet_getname(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int peer); int inet_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int inet_ctl_sock_create(struct sock **sk, unsigned short family, unsigned short type, unsigned char protocol, struct net *net); int inet_recv_error(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len, int *addr_len); struct sk_buff *inet_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb); int inet_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhoff); struct sk_buff *inet_gso_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features); static inline void inet_ctl_sock_destroy(struct sock *sk) { if (sk) sock_release(sk->sk_socket); } #define indirect_call_gro_receive(f2, f1, cb, head, skb) \ ({ \ unlikely(gro_recursion_inc_test(skb)) ? \ NAPI_GRO_CB(skb)->flush |= 1, NULL : \ INDIRECT_CALL_2(cb, f2, f1, head, skb); \ }) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SIGNAL_H #define _LINUX_SIGNAL_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/signal_types.h> #include <linux/string.h> struct task_struct; /* for sysctl */ extern int print_fatal_signals; static inline void copy_siginfo(kernel_siginfo_t *to, const kernel_siginfo_t *from) { memcpy(to, from, sizeof(*to)); } static inline void clear_siginfo(kernel_siginfo_t *info) { memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info)); } #define SI_EXPANSION_SIZE (sizeof(struct siginfo) - sizeof(struct kernel_siginfo)) static inline void copy_siginfo_to_external(siginfo_t *to, const kernel_siginfo_t *from) { memcpy(to, from, sizeof(*from)); memset(((char *)to) + sizeof(struct kernel_siginfo), 0, SI_EXPANSION_SIZE); } int copy_siginfo_to_user(siginfo_t __user *to, const kernel_siginfo_t *from); int copy_siginfo_from_user(kernel_siginfo_t *to, const siginfo_t __user *from); enum siginfo_layout { SIL_KILL, SIL_TIMER, SIL_POLL, SIL_FAULT, SIL_FAULT_MCEERR, SIL_FAULT_BNDERR, SIL_FAULT_PKUERR, SIL_CHLD, SIL_RT, SIL_SYS, }; enum siginfo_layout siginfo_layout(unsigned sig, int si_code); /* * Define some primitives to manipulate sigset_t. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SIG_BITOPS #include <linux/bitops.h> /* We don't use <linux/bitops.h> for these because there is no need to be atomic. */ static inline void sigaddset(sigset_t *set, int _sig) { unsigned long sig = _sig - 1; if (_NSIG_WORDS == 1) set->sig[0] |= 1UL << sig; else set->sig[sig / _NSIG_BPW] |= 1UL << (sig % _NSIG_BPW); } static inline void sigdelset(sigset_t *set, int _sig) { unsigned long sig = _sig - 1; if (_NSIG_WORDS == 1) set->sig[0] &= ~(1UL << sig); else set->sig[sig / _NSIG_BPW] &= ~(1UL << (sig % _NSIG_BPW)); } static inline int sigismember(sigset_t *set, int _sig) { unsigned long sig = _sig - 1; if (_NSIG_WORDS == 1) return 1 & (set->sig[0] >> sig); else return 1 & (set->sig[sig / _NSIG_BPW] >> (sig % _NSIG_BPW)); } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_SIG_BITOPS */ static inline int sigisemptyset(sigset_t *set) { switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { case 4: return (set->sig[3] | set->sig[2] | set->sig[1] | set->sig[0]) == 0; case 2: return (set->sig[1] | set->sig[0]) == 0; case 1: return set->sig[0] == 0; default: BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } } static inline int sigequalsets(const sigset_t *set1, const sigset_t *set2) { switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { case 4: return (set1->sig[3] == set2->sig[3]) && (set1->sig[2] == set2->sig[2]) && (set1->sig[1] == set2->sig[1]) && (set1->sig[0] == set2->sig[0]); case 2: return (set1->sig[1] == set2->sig[1]) && (set1->sig[0] == set2->sig[0]); case 1: return set1->sig[0] == set2->sig[0]; } return 0; } #define sigmask(sig) (1UL << ((sig) - 1)) #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SIG_SETOPS #include <linux/string.h> #define _SIG_SET_BINOP(name, op) \ static inline void name(sigset_t *r, const sigset_t *a, const sigset_t *b) \ { \ unsigned long a0, a1, a2, a3, b0, b1, b2, b3; \ \ switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { \ case 4: \ a3 = a->sig[3]; a2 = a->sig[2]; \ b3 = b->sig[3]; b2 = b->sig[2]; \ r->sig[3] = op(a3, b3); \ r->sig[2] = op(a2, b2); \ fallthrough; \ case 2: \ a1 = a->sig[1]; b1 = b->sig[1]; \ r->sig[1] = op(a1, b1); \ fallthrough; \ case 1: \ a0 = a->sig[0]; b0 = b->sig[0]; \ r->sig[0] = op(a0, b0); \ break; \ default: \ BUILD_BUG(); \ } \ } #define _sig_or(x,y) ((x) | (y)) _SIG_SET_BINOP(sigorsets, _sig_or) #define _sig_and(x,y) ((x) & (y)) _SIG_SET_BINOP(sigandsets, _sig_and) #define _sig_andn(x,y) ((x) & ~(y)) _SIG_SET_BINOP(sigandnsets, _sig_andn) #undef _SIG_SET_BINOP #undef _sig_or #undef _sig_and #undef _sig_andn #define _SIG_SET_OP(name, op) \ static inline void name(sigset_t *set) \ { \ switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { \ case 4: set->sig[3] = op(set->sig[3]); \ set->sig[2] = op(set->sig[2]); \ fallthrough; \ case 2: set->sig[1] = op(set->sig[1]); \ fallthrough; \ case 1: set->sig[0] = op(set->sig[0]); \ break; \ default: \ BUILD_BUG(); \ } \ } #define _sig_not(x) (~(x)) _SIG_SET_OP(signotset, _sig_not) #undef _SIG_SET_OP #undef _sig_not static inline void sigemptyset(sigset_t *set) { switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { default: memset(set, 0, sizeof(sigset_t)); break; case 2: set->sig[1] = 0; fallthrough; case 1: set->sig[0] = 0; break; } } static inline void sigfillset(sigset_t *set) { switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { default: memset(set, -1, sizeof(sigset_t)); break; case 2: set->sig[1] = -1; fallthrough; case 1: set->sig[0] = -1; break; } } /* Some extensions for manipulating the low 32 signals in particular. */ static inline void sigaddsetmask(sigset_t *set, unsigned long mask) { set->sig[0] |= mask; } static inline void sigdelsetmask(sigset_t *set, unsigned long mask) { set->sig[0] &= ~mask; } static inline int sigtestsetmask(sigset_t *set, unsigned long mask) { return (set->sig[0] & mask) != 0; } static inline void siginitset(sigset_t *set, unsigned long mask) { set->sig[0] = mask; switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { default: memset(&set->sig[1], 0, sizeof(long)*(_NSIG_WORDS-1)); break; case 2: set->sig[1] = 0; break; case 1: ; } } static inline void siginitsetinv(sigset_t *set, unsigned long mask) { set->sig[0] = ~mask; switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { default: memset(&set->sig[1], -1, sizeof(long)*(_NSIG_WORDS-1)); break; case 2: set->sig[1] = -1; break; case 1: ; } } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_SIG_SETOPS */ static inline void init_sigpending(struct sigpending *sig) { sigemptyset(&sig->signal); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->list); } extern void flush_sigqueue(struct sigpending *queue); /* Test if 'sig' is valid signal. Use this instead of testing _NSIG directly */ static inline int valid_signal(unsigned long sig) { return sig <= _NSIG ? 1 : 0; } struct timespec; struct pt_regs; enum pid_type; extern int next_signal(struct sigpending *pending, sigset_t *mask); extern int do_send_sig_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct task_struct *p, enum pid_type type); extern int group_send_sig_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct task_struct *p, enum pid_type type); extern int __group_send_sig_info(int, struct kernel_siginfo *, struct task_struct *); extern int sigprocmask(int, sigset_t *, sigset_t *); extern void set_current_blocked(sigset_t *); extern void __set_current_blocked(const sigset_t *); extern int show_unhandled_signals; extern bool get_signal(struct ksignal *ksig); extern void signal_setup_done(int failed, struct ksignal *ksig, int stepping); extern void exit_signals(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void kernel_sigaction(int, __sighandler_t); #define SIG_KTHREAD ((__force __sighandler_t)2) #define SIG_KTHREAD_KERNEL ((__force __sighandler_t)3) static inline void allow_signal(int sig) { /* * Kernel threads handle their own signals. Let the signal code * know it'll be handled, so that they don't get converted to * SIGKILL or just silently dropped. */ kernel_sigaction(sig, SIG_KTHREAD); } static inline void allow_kernel_signal(int sig) { /* * Kernel threads handle their own signals. Let the signal code * know signals sent by the kernel will be handled, so that they * don't get silently dropped. */ kernel_sigaction(sig, SIG_KTHREAD_KERNEL); } static inline void disallow_signal(int sig) { kernel_sigaction(sig, SIG_IGN); } extern struct kmem_cache *sighand_cachep; extern bool unhandled_signal(struct task_struct *tsk, int sig); /* * In POSIX a signal is sent either to a specific thread (Linux task) * or to the process as a whole (Linux thread group). How the signal * is sent determines whether it's to one thread or the whole group, * which determines which signal mask(s) are involved in blocking it * from being delivered until later. When the signal is delivered, * either it's caught or ignored by a user handler or it has a default * effect that applies to the whole thread group (POSIX process). * * The possible effects an unblocked signal set to SIG_DFL can have are: * ignore - Nothing Happens * terminate - kill the process, i.e. all threads in the group, * similar to exit_group. The group leader (only) reports * WIFSIGNALED status to its parent. * coredump - write a core dump file describing all threads using * the same mm and then kill all those threads * stop - stop all the threads in the group, i.e. TASK_STOPPED state * * SIGKILL and SIGSTOP cannot be caught, blocked, or ignored. * Other signals when not blocked and set to SIG_DFL behaves as follows. * The job control signals also have other special effects. * * +--------------------+------------------+ * | POSIX signal | default action | * +--------------------+------------------+ * | SIGHUP | terminate | * | SIGINT | terminate | * | SIGQUIT | coredump | * | SIGILL | coredump | * | SIGTRAP | coredump | * | SIGABRT/SIGIOT | coredump | * | SIGBUS | coredump | * | SIGFPE | coredump | * | SIGKILL | terminate(+) | * | SIGUSR1 | terminate | * | SIGSEGV | coredump | * | SIGUSR2 | terminate | * | SIGPIPE | terminate | * | SIGALRM | terminate | * | SIGTERM | terminate | * | SIGCHLD | ignore | * | SIGCONT | ignore(*) | * | SIGSTOP | stop(*)(+) | * | SIGTSTP | stop(*) | * | SIGTTIN | stop(*) | * | SIGTTOU | stop(*) | * | SIGURG | ignore | * | SIGXCPU | coredump | * | SIGXFSZ | coredump | * | SIGVTALRM | terminate | * | SIGPROF | terminate | * | SIGPOLL/SIGIO | terminate | * | SIGSYS/SIGUNUSED | coredump | * | SIGSTKFLT | terminate | * | SIGWINCH | ignore | * | SIGPWR | terminate | * | SIGRTMIN-SIGRTMAX | terminate | * +--------------------+------------------+ * | non-POSIX signal | default action | * +--------------------+------------------+ * | SIGEMT | coredump | * +--------------------+------------------+ * * (+) For SIGKILL and SIGSTOP the action is "always", not just "default". * (*) Special job control effects: * When SIGCONT is sent, it resumes the process (all threads in the group) * from TASK_STOPPED state and also clears any pending/queued stop signals * (any of those marked with "stop(*)"). This happens regardless of blocking, * catching, or ignoring SIGCONT. When any stop signal is sent, it clears * any pending/queued SIGCONT signals; this happens regardless of blocking, * catching, or ignored the stop signal, though (except for SIGSTOP) the * default action of stopping the process may happen later or never. */ #ifdef SIGEMT #define SIGEMT_MASK rt_sigmask(SIGEMT) #else #define SIGEMT_MASK 0 #endif #if SIGRTMIN > BITS_PER_LONG #define rt_sigmask(sig) (1ULL << ((sig)-1)) #else #define rt_sigmask(sig) sigmask(sig) #endif #define siginmask(sig, mask) \ ((sig) > 0 && (sig) < SIGRTMIN && (rt_sigmask(sig) & (mask))) #define SIG_KERNEL_ONLY_MASK (\ rt_sigmask(SIGKILL) | rt_sigmask(SIGSTOP)) #define SIG_KERNEL_STOP_MASK (\ rt_sigmask(SIGSTOP) | rt_sigmask(SIGTSTP) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGTTIN) | rt_sigmask(SIGTTOU) ) #define SIG_KERNEL_COREDUMP_MASK (\ rt_sigmask(SIGQUIT) | rt_sigmask(SIGILL) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGTRAP) | rt_sigmask(SIGABRT) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGFPE) | rt_sigmask(SIGSEGV) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGBUS) | rt_sigmask(SIGSYS) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGXCPU) | rt_sigmask(SIGXFSZ) | \ SIGEMT_MASK ) #define SIG_KERNEL_IGNORE_MASK (\ rt_sigmask(SIGCONT) | rt_sigmask(SIGCHLD) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGWINCH) | rt_sigmask(SIGURG) ) #define SIG_SPECIFIC_SICODES_MASK (\ rt_sigmask(SIGILL) | rt_sigmask(SIGFPE) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGSEGV) | rt_sigmask(SIGBUS) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGTRAP) | rt_sigmask(SIGCHLD) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGPOLL) | rt_sigmask(SIGSYS) | \ SIGEMT_MASK ) #define sig_kernel_only(sig) siginmask(sig, SIG_KERNEL_ONLY_MASK) #define sig_kernel_coredump(sig) siginmask(sig, SIG_KERNEL_COREDUMP_MASK) #define sig_kernel_ignore(sig) siginmask(sig, SIG_KERNEL_IGNORE_MASK) #define sig_kernel_stop(sig) siginmask(sig, SIG_KERNEL_STOP_MASK) #define sig_specific_sicodes(sig) siginmask(sig, SIG_SPECIFIC_SICODES_MASK) #define sig_fatal(t, signr) \ (!siginmask(signr, SIG_KERNEL_IGNORE_MASK|SIG_KERNEL_STOP_MASK) && \ (t)->sighand->action[(signr)-1].sa.sa_handler == SIG_DFL) void signals_init(void); int restore_altstack(const stack_t __user *); int __save_altstack(stack_t __user *, unsigned long); #define unsafe_save_altstack(uss, sp, label) do { \ stack_t __user *__uss = uss; \ struct task_struct *t = current; \ unsafe_put_user((void __user *)t->sas_ss_sp, &__uss->ss_sp, label); \ unsafe_put_user(t->sas_ss_flags, &__uss->ss_flags, label); \ unsafe_put_user(t->sas_ss_size, &__uss->ss_size, label); \ if (t->sas_ss_flags & SS_AUTODISARM) \ sas_ss_reset(t); \ } while (0); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct seq_file; extern void render_sigset_t(struct seq_file *, const char *, sigset_t *); #endif #endif /* _LINUX_SIGNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM oom #if !defined(_TRACE_OOM_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_OOM_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> TRACE_EVENT(oom_score_adj_update, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *task), TP_ARGS(task), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( pid_t, pid) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( short, oom_score_adj) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = task->pid; memcpy(__entry->comm, task->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->oom_score_adj = task->signal->oom_score_adj; ), TP_printk("pid=%d comm=%s oom_score_adj=%hd", __entry->pid, __entry->comm, __entry->oom_score_adj) ); TRACE_EVENT(reclaim_retry_zone, TP_PROTO(struct zoneref *zoneref, int order, unsigned long reclaimable, unsigned long available, unsigned long min_wmark, int no_progress_loops, bool wmark_check), TP_ARGS(zoneref, order, reclaimable, available, min_wmark, no_progress_loops, wmark_check), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, node) __field( int, zone_idx) __field( int, order) __field( unsigned long, reclaimable) __field( unsigned long, available) __field( unsigned long, min_wmark) __field( int, no_progress_loops) __field( bool, wmark_check) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->node = zone_to_nid(zoneref->zone); __entry->zone_idx = zoneref->zone_idx; __entry->order = order; __entry->reclaimable = reclaimable; __entry->available = available; __entry->min_wmark = min_wmark; __entry->no_progress_loops = no_progress_loops; __entry->wmark_check = wmark_check; ), TP_printk("node=%d zone=%-8s order=%d reclaimable=%lu available=%lu min_wmark=%lu no_progress_loops=%d wmark_check=%d", __entry->node, __print_symbolic(__entry->zone_idx, ZONE_TYPE), __entry->order, __entry->reclaimable, __entry->available, __entry->min_wmark, __entry->no_progress_loops, __entry->wmark_check) ); TRACE_EVENT(mark_victim, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(wake_reaper, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(start_task_reaping, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(finish_task_reaping, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(skip_task_reaping, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION TRACE_EVENT(compact_retry, TP_PROTO(int order, enum compact_priority priority, enum compact_result result, int retries, int max_retries, bool ret), TP_ARGS(order, priority, result, retries, max_retries, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, order) __field( int, priority) __field( int, result) __field( int, retries) __field( int, max_retries) __field( bool, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->order = order; __entry->priority = priority; __entry->result = compact_result_to_feedback(result); __entry->retries = retries; __entry->max_retries = max_retries; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("order=%d priority=%s compaction_result=%s retries=%d max_retries=%d should_retry=%d", __entry->order, __print_symbolic(__entry->priority, COMPACTION_PRIORITY), __print_symbolic(__entry->result, COMPACTION_FEEDBACK), __entry->retries, __entry->max_retries, __entry->ret) ); #endif /* CONFIG_COMPACTION */ #endif /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 /* * linux/include/video/vga.h -- standard VGA chipset interaction * * Copyright 1999 Jeff Garzik <jgarzik@pobox.com> * * Copyright history from vga16fb.c: * Copyright 1999 Ben Pfaff and Petr Vandrovec * Based on VGA info at http://www.osdever.net/FreeVGA/home.htm * Based on VESA framebuffer (c) 1998 Gerd Knorr * * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General * Public License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of this * archive for more details. * */ #ifndef __linux_video_vga_h__ #define __linux_video_vga_h__ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/io.h> #include <asm/vga.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* Some of the code below is taken from SVGAlib. The original, unmodified copyright notice for that code is below. */ /* VGAlib version 1.2 - (c) 1993 Tommy Frandsen */ /* */ /* This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or */ /* modify it without any restrictions. This library is distributed */ /* in the hope that it will be useful, but without any warranty. */ /* Multi-chipset support Copyright 1993 Harm Hanemaayer */ /* partially copyrighted (C) 1993 by Hartmut Schirmer */ /* VGA data register ports */ #define VGA_CRT_DC 0x3D5 /* CRT Controller Data Register - color emulation */ #define VGA_CRT_DM 0x3B5 /* CRT Controller Data Register - mono emulation */ #define VGA_ATT_R 0x3C1 /* Attribute Controller Data Read Register */ #define VGA_ATT_W 0x3C0 /* Attribute Controller Data Write Register */ #define VGA_GFX_D 0x3CF /* Graphics Controller Data Register */ #define VGA_SEQ_D 0x3C5 /* Sequencer Data Register */ #define VGA_MIS_R 0x3CC /* Misc Output Read Register */ #define VGA_MIS_W 0x3C2 /* Misc Output Write Register */ #define VGA_FTC_R 0x3CA /* Feature Control Read Register */ #define VGA_IS1_RC 0x3DA /* Input Status Register 1 - color emulation */ #define VGA_IS1_RM 0x3BA /* Input Status Register 1 - mono emulation */ #define VGA_PEL_D 0x3C9 /* PEL Data Register */ #define VGA_PEL_MSK 0x3C6 /* PEL mask register */ /* EGA-specific registers */ #define EGA_GFX_E0 0x3CC /* Graphics enable processor 0 */ #define EGA_GFX_E1 0x3CA /* Graphics enable processor 1 */ /* VGA index register ports */ #define VGA_CRT_IC 0x3D4 /* CRT Controller Index - color emulation */ #define VGA_CRT_IM 0x3B4 /* CRT Controller Index - mono emulation */ #define VGA_ATT_IW 0x3C0 /* Attribute Controller Index & Data Write Register */ #define VGA_GFX_I 0x3CE /* Graphics Controller Index */ #define VGA_SEQ_I 0x3C4 /* Sequencer Index */ #define VGA_PEL_IW 0x3C8 /* PEL Write Index */ #define VGA_PEL_IR 0x3C7 /* PEL Read Index */ /* standard VGA indexes max counts */ #define VGA_CRT_C 0x19 /* Number of CRT Controller Registers */ #define VGA_ATT_C 0x15 /* Number of Attribute Controller Registers */ #define VGA_GFX_C 0x09 /* Number of Graphics Controller Registers */ #define VGA_SEQ_C 0x05 /* Number of Sequencer Registers */ #define VGA_MIS_C 0x01 /* Number of Misc Output Register */ /* VGA misc register bit masks */ #define VGA_MIS_COLOR 0x01 #define VGA_MIS_ENB_MEM_ACCESS 0x02 #define VGA_MIS_DCLK_28322_720 0x04 #define VGA_MIS_ENB_PLL_LOAD (0x04 | 0x08) #define VGA_MIS_SEL_HIGH_PAGE 0x20 /* VGA CRT controller register indices */ #define VGA_CRTC_H_TOTAL 0 #define VGA_CRTC_H_DISP 1 #define VGA_CRTC_H_BLANK_START 2 #define VGA_CRTC_H_BLANK_END 3 #define VGA_CRTC_H_SYNC_START 4 #define VGA_CRTC_H_SYNC_END 5 #define VGA_CRTC_V_TOTAL 6 #define VGA_CRTC_OVERFLOW 7 #define VGA_CRTC_PRESET_ROW 8 #define VGA_CRTC_MAX_SCAN 9 #define VGA_CRTC_CURSOR_START 0x0A #define VGA_CRTC_CURSOR_END 0x0B #define VGA_CRTC_START_HI 0x0C #define VGA_CRTC_START_LO 0x0D #define VGA_CRTC_CURSOR_HI 0x0E #define VGA_CRTC_CURSOR_LO 0x0F #define VGA_CRTC_V_SYNC_START 0x10 #define VGA_CRTC_V_SYNC_END 0x11 #define VGA_CRTC_V_DISP_END 0x12 #define VGA_CRTC_OFFSET 0x13 #define VGA_CRTC_UNDERLINE 0x14 #define VGA_CRTC_V_BLANK_START 0x15 #define VGA_CRTC_V_BLANK_END 0x16 #define VGA_CRTC_MODE 0x17 #define VGA_CRTC_LINE_COMPARE 0x18 #define VGA_CRTC_REGS VGA_CRT_C /* VGA CRT controller bit masks */ #define VGA_CR11_LOCK_CR0_CR7 0x80 /* lock writes to CR0 - CR7 */ #define VGA_CR17_H_V_SIGNALS_ENABLED 0x80 /* VGA attribute controller register indices */ #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE0 0x00 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE1 0x01 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE2 0x02 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE3 0x03 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE4 0x04 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE5 0x05 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE6 0x06 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE7 0x07 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE8 0x08 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTE9 0x09 #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEA 0x0A #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEB 0x0B #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEC 0x0C #define VGA_ATC_PALETTED 0x0D #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEE 0x0E #define VGA_ATC_PALETTEF 0x0F #define VGA_ATC_MODE 0x10 #define VGA_ATC_OVERSCAN 0x11 #define VGA_ATC_PLANE_ENABLE 0x12 #define VGA_ATC_PEL 0x13 #define VGA_ATC_COLOR_PAGE 0x14 #define VGA_AR_ENABLE_DISPLAY 0x20 /* VGA sequencer register indices */ #define VGA_SEQ_RESET 0x00 #define VGA_SEQ_CLOCK_MODE 0x01 #define VGA_SEQ_PLANE_WRITE 0x02 #define VGA_SEQ_CHARACTER_MAP 0x03 #define VGA_SEQ_MEMORY_MODE 0x04 /* VGA sequencer register bit masks */ #define VGA_SR01_CHAR_CLK_8DOTS 0x01 /* bit 0: character clocks 8 dots wide are generated */ #define VGA_SR01_SCREEN_OFF 0x20 /* bit 5: Screen is off */ #define VGA_SR02_ALL_PLANES 0x0F /* bits 3-0: enable access to all planes */ #define VGA_SR04_EXT_MEM 0x02 /* bit 1: allows complete mem access to 256K */ #define VGA_SR04_SEQ_MODE 0x04 /* bit 2: directs system to use a sequential addressing mode */ #define VGA_SR04_CHN_4M 0x08 /* bit 3: selects modulo 4 addressing for CPU access to display memory */ /* VGA graphics controller register indices */ #define VGA_GFX_SR_VALUE 0x00 #define VGA_GFX_SR_ENABLE 0x01 #define VGA_GFX_COMPARE_VALUE 0x02 #define VGA_GFX_DATA_ROTATE 0x03 #define VGA_GFX_PLANE_READ 0x04 #define VGA_GFX_MODE 0x05 #define VGA_GFX_MISC 0x06 #define VGA_GFX_COMPARE_MASK 0x07 #define VGA_GFX_BIT_MASK 0x08 /* VGA graphics controller bit masks */ #define VGA_GR06_GRAPHICS_MODE 0x01 /* macro for composing an 8-bit VGA register index and value * into a single 16-bit quantity */ #define VGA_OUT16VAL(v, r) (((v) << 8) | (r)) /* decide whether we should enable the faster 16-bit VGA register writes */ #ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN #define VGA_OUTW_WRITE #endif /* VGA State Save and Restore */ #define VGA_SAVE_FONT0 1 /* save/restore plane 2 fonts */ #define VGA_SAVE_FONT1 2 /* save/restore plane 3 fonts */ #define VGA_SAVE_TEXT 4 /* save/restore plane 0/1 fonts */ #define VGA_SAVE_FONTS 7 /* save/restore all fonts */ #define VGA_SAVE_MODE 8 /* save/restore video mode */ #define VGA_SAVE_CMAP 16 /* save/restore color map/DAC */ struct vgastate { void __iomem *vgabase; /* mmio base, if supported */ unsigned long membase; /* VGA window base, 0 for default - 0xA000 */ __u32 memsize; /* VGA window size, 0 for default 64K */ __u32 flags; /* what state[s] to save (see VGA_SAVE_*) */ __u32 depth; /* current fb depth, not important */ __u32 num_attr; /* number of att registers, 0 for default */ __u32 num_crtc; /* number of crt registers, 0 for default */ __u32 num_gfx; /* number of gfx registers, 0 for default */ __u32 num_seq; /* number of seq registers, 0 for default */ void *vidstate; }; extern int save_vga(struct vgastate *state); extern int restore_vga(struct vgastate *state); /* * generic VGA port read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_io_r (unsigned short port) { return inb_p(port); } static inline void vga_io_w (unsigned short port, unsigned char val) { outb_p(val, port); } static inline void vga_io_w_fast (unsigned short port, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { outw(VGA_OUT16VAL (val, reg), port); } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_r (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port) { return readb (regbase + port); } static inline void vga_mm_w (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port, unsigned char val) { writeb (val, regbase + port); } static inline void vga_mm_w_fast (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { writew (VGA_OUT16VAL (val, reg), regbase + port); } static inline unsigned char vga_r (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port) { if (regbase) return vga_mm_r (regbase, port); else return vga_io_r (port); } static inline void vga_w (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port, unsigned char val) { if (regbase) vga_mm_w (regbase, port, val); else vga_io_w (port, val); } static inline void vga_w_fast (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned short port, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { if (regbase) vga_mm_w_fast (regbase, port, reg, val); else vga_io_w_fast (port, reg, val); } /* * VGA CRTC register read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_rcrt (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg); return vga_r (regbase, VGA_CRT_DC); } static inline void vga_wcrt (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_w_fast (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg, val); #else vga_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg); vga_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_DC, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_io_rcrt (unsigned char reg) { vga_io_w (VGA_CRT_IC, reg); return vga_io_r (VGA_CRT_DC); } static inline void vga_io_wcrt (unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_io_w_fast (VGA_CRT_IC, reg, val); #else vga_io_w (VGA_CRT_IC, reg); vga_io_w (VGA_CRT_DC, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_rcrt (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg); return vga_mm_r (regbase, VGA_CRT_DC); } static inline void vga_mm_wcrt (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_mm_w_fast (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg, val); #else vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_IC, reg); vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_CRT_DC, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } /* * VGA sequencer register read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_rseq (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg); return vga_r (regbase, VGA_SEQ_D); } static inline void vga_wseq (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_w_fast (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg, val); #else vga_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg); vga_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_io_rseq (unsigned char reg) { vga_io_w (VGA_SEQ_I, reg); return vga_io_r (VGA_SEQ_D); } static inline void vga_io_wseq (unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_io_w_fast (VGA_SEQ_I, reg, val); #else vga_io_w (VGA_SEQ_I, reg); vga_io_w (VGA_SEQ_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_rseq (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg); return vga_mm_r (regbase, VGA_SEQ_D); } static inline void vga_mm_wseq (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_mm_w_fast (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg, val); #else vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_I, reg); vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_SEQ_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } /* * VGA graphics controller register read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_rgfx (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg); return vga_r (regbase, VGA_GFX_D); } static inline void vga_wgfx (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_w_fast (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg, val); #else vga_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg); vga_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_io_rgfx (unsigned char reg) { vga_io_w (VGA_GFX_I, reg); return vga_io_r (VGA_GFX_D); } static inline void vga_io_wgfx (unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_io_w_fast (VGA_GFX_I, reg, val); #else vga_io_w (VGA_GFX_I, reg); vga_io_w (VGA_GFX_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_rgfx (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg); return vga_mm_r (regbase, VGA_GFX_D); } static inline void vga_mm_wgfx (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { #ifdef VGA_OUTW_WRITE vga_mm_w_fast (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg, val); #else vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_I, reg); vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_GFX_D, val); #endif /* VGA_OUTW_WRITE */ } /* * VGA attribute controller register read/write */ static inline unsigned char vga_rattr (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_IW, reg); return vga_r (regbase, VGA_ATT_R); } static inline void vga_wattr (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { vga_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_IW, reg); vga_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_W, val); } static inline unsigned char vga_io_rattr (unsigned char reg) { vga_io_w (VGA_ATT_IW, reg); return vga_io_r (VGA_ATT_R); } static inline void vga_io_wattr (unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { vga_io_w (VGA_ATT_IW, reg); vga_io_w (VGA_ATT_W, val); } static inline unsigned char vga_mm_rattr (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_IW, reg); return vga_mm_r (regbase, VGA_ATT_R); } static inline void vga_mm_wattr (void __iomem *regbase, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val) { vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_IW, reg); vga_mm_w (regbase, VGA_ATT_W, val); } #endif /* __linux_video_vga_h__ */
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1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Packet matching code. * * Copyright (C) 1999 Paul `Rusty' Russell & Michael J. Neuling * Copyright (C) 2000-2005 Netfilter Core Team <coreteam@netfilter.org> * Copyright (C) 2006-2010 Patrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net> */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/kmod.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/icmp.h> #include <net/ip.h> #include <net/compat.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/netfilter/x_tables.h> #include <linux/netfilter_ipv4/ip_tables.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_log.h> #include "../../netfilter/xt_repldata.h" MODULE_LICENSE("GPL"); MODULE_AUTHOR("Netfilter Core Team <coreteam@netfilter.org>"); MODULE_DESCRIPTION("IPv4 packet filter"); MODULE_ALIAS("ipt_icmp"); void *ipt_alloc_initial_table(const struct xt_table *info) { return xt_alloc_initial_table(ipt, IPT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ipt_alloc_initial_table); /* Returns whether matches rule or not. */ /* Performance critical - called for every packet */ static inline bool ip_packet_match(const struct iphdr *ip, const char *indev, const char *outdev, const struct ipt_ip *ipinfo, int isfrag) { unsigned long ret; if (NF_INVF(ipinfo, IPT_INV_SRCIP, (ip->saddr & ipinfo->smsk.s_addr) != ipinfo->src.s_addr) || NF_INVF(ipinfo, IPT_INV_DSTIP, (ip->daddr & ipinfo->dmsk.s_addr) != ipinfo->dst.s_addr)) return false; ret = ifname_compare_aligned(indev, ipinfo->iniface, ipinfo->iniface_mask); if (NF_INVF(ipinfo, IPT_INV_VIA_IN, ret != 0)) return false; ret = ifname_compare_aligned(outdev, ipinfo->outiface, ipinfo->outiface_mask); if (NF_INVF(ipinfo, IPT_INV_VIA_OUT, ret != 0)) return false; /* Check specific protocol */ if (ipinfo->proto && NF_INVF(ipinfo, IPT_INV_PROTO, ip->protocol != ipinfo->proto)) return false; /* If we have a fragment rule but the packet is not a fragment * then we return zero */ if (NF_INVF(ipinfo, IPT_INV_FRAG, (ipinfo->flags & IPT_F_FRAG) && !isfrag)) return false; return true; } static bool ip_checkentry(const struct ipt_ip *ip) { if (ip->flags & ~IPT_F_MASK) return false; if (ip->invflags & ~IPT_INV_MASK) return false; return true; } static unsigned int ipt_error(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct xt_action_param *par) { net_info_ratelimited("error: `%s'\n", (const char *)par->targinfo); return NF_DROP; } /* Performance critical */ static inline struct ipt_entry * get_entry(const void *base, unsigned int offset) { return (struct ipt_entry *)(base + offset); } /* All zeroes == unconditional rule. */ /* Mildly perf critical (only if packet tracing is on) */ static inline bool unconditional(const struct ipt_entry *e) { static const struct ipt_ip uncond; return e->target_offset == sizeof(struct ipt_entry) && memcmp(&e->ip, &uncond, sizeof(uncond)) == 0; } /* for const-correctness */ static inline const struct xt_entry_target * ipt_get_target_c(const struct ipt_entry *e) { return ipt_get_target((struct ipt_entry *)e); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TRACE) static const char *const hooknames[] = { [NF_INET_PRE_ROUTING] = "PREROUTING", [NF_INET_LOCAL_IN] = "INPUT", [NF_INET_FORWARD] = "FORWARD", [NF_INET_LOCAL_OUT] = "OUTPUT", [NF_INET_POST_ROUTING] = "POSTROUTING", }; enum nf_ip_trace_comments { NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_RULE, NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_RETURN, NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_POLICY, }; static const char *const comments[] = { [NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_RULE] = "rule", [NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_RETURN] = "return", [NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_POLICY] = "policy", }; static const struct nf_loginfo trace_loginfo = { .type = NF_LOG_TYPE_LOG, .u = { .log = { .level = 4, .logflags = NF_LOG_DEFAULT_MASK, }, }, }; /* Mildly perf critical (only if packet tracing is on) */ static inline int get_chainname_rulenum(const struct ipt_entry *s, const struct ipt_entry *e, const char *hookname, const char **chainname, const char **comment, unsigned int *rulenum) { const struct xt_standard_target *t = (void *)ipt_get_target_c(s); if (strcmp(t->target.u.kernel.target->name, XT_ERROR_TARGET) == 0) { /* Head of user chain: ERROR target with chainname */ *chainname = t->target.data; (*rulenum) = 0; } else if (s == e) { (*rulenum)++; if (unconditional(s) && strcmp(t->target.u.kernel.target->name, XT_STANDARD_TARGET) == 0 && t->verdict < 0) { /* Tail of chains: STANDARD target (return/policy) */ *comment = *chainname == hookname ? comments[NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_POLICY] : comments[NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_RETURN]; } return 1; } else (*rulenum)++; return 0; } static void trace_packet(struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int hook, const struct net_device *in, const struct net_device *out, const char *tablename, const struct xt_table_info *private, const struct ipt_entry *e) { const struct ipt_entry *root; const char *hookname, *chainname, *comment; const struct ipt_entry *iter; unsigned int rulenum = 0; root = get_entry(private->entries, private->hook_entry[hook]); hookname = chainname = hooknames[hook]; comment = comments[NF_IP_TRACE_COMMENT_RULE]; xt_entry_foreach(iter, root, private->size - private->hook_entry[hook]) if (get_chainname_rulenum(iter, e, hookname, &chainname, &comment, &rulenum) != 0) break; nf_log_trace(net, AF_INET, hook, skb, in, out, &trace_loginfo, "TRACE: %s:%s:%s:%u ", tablename, chainname, comment, rulenum); } #endif static inline struct ipt_entry *ipt_next_entry(const struct ipt_entry *entry) { return (void *)entry + entry->next_offset; } /* Returns one of the generic firewall policies, like NF_ACCEPT. */ unsigned int ipt_do_table(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nf_hook_state *state, struct xt_table *table) { unsigned int hook = state->hook; static const char nulldevname[IFNAMSIZ] __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long)))); const struct iphdr *ip; /* Initializing verdict to NF_DROP keeps gcc happy. */ unsigned int verdict = NF_DROP; const char *indev, *outdev; const void *table_base; struct ipt_entry *e, **jumpstack; unsigned int stackidx, cpu; const struct xt_table_info *private; struct xt_action_param acpar; unsigned int addend; /* Initialization */ stackidx = 0; ip = ip_hdr(skb); indev = state->in ? state->in->name : nulldevname; outdev = state->out ? state->out->name : nulldevname; /* We handle fragments by dealing with the first fragment as * if it was a normal packet. All other fragments are treated * normally, except that they will NEVER match rules that ask * things we don't know, ie. tcp syn flag or ports). If the * rule is also a fragment-specific rule, non-fragments won't * match it. */ acpar.fragoff = ntohs(ip->frag_off) & IP_OFFSET; acpar.thoff = ip_hdrlen(skb); acpar.hotdrop = false; acpar.state = state; WARN_ON(!(table->valid_hooks & (1 << hook))); local_bh_disable(); addend = xt_write_recseq_begin(); private = READ_ONCE(table->private); /* Address dependency. */ cpu = smp_processor_id(); table_base = private->entries; jumpstack = (struct ipt_entry **)private->jumpstack[cpu]; /* Switch to alternate jumpstack if we're being invoked via TEE. * TEE issues XT_CONTINUE verdict on original skb so we must not * clobber the jumpstack. * * For recursion via REJECT or SYNPROXY the stack will be clobbered * but it is no problem since absolute verdict is issued by these. */ if (static_key_false(&xt_tee_enabled)) jumpstack += private->stacksize * __this_cpu_read(nf_skb_duplicated); e = get_entry(table_base, private->hook_entry[hook]); do { const struct xt_entry_target *t; const struct xt_entry_match *ematch; struct xt_counters *counter; WARN_ON(!e); if (!ip_packet_match(ip, indev, outdev, &e->ip, acpar.fragoff)) { no_match: e = ipt_next_entry(e); continue; } xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) { acpar.match = ematch->u.kernel.match; acpar.matchinfo = ematch->data; if (!acpar.match->match(skb, &acpar)) goto no_match; } counter = xt_get_this_cpu_counter(&e->counters); ADD_COUNTER(*counter, skb->len, 1); t = ipt_get_target_c(e); WARN_ON(!t->u.kernel.target); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TRACE) /* The packet is traced: log it */ if (unlikely(skb->nf_trace)) trace_packet(state->net, skb, hook, state->in, state->out, table->name, private, e); #endif /* Standard target? */ if (!t->u.kernel.target->target) { int v; v = ((struct xt_standard_target *)t)->verdict; if (v < 0) { /* Pop from stack? */ if (v != XT_RETURN) { verdict = (unsigned int)(-v) - 1; break; } if (stackidx == 0) { e = get_entry(table_base, private->underflow[hook]); } else { e = jumpstack[--stackidx]; e = ipt_next_entry(e); } continue; } if (table_base + v != ipt_next_entry(e) && !(e->ip.flags & IPT_F_GOTO)) { if (unlikely(stackidx >= private->stacksize)) { verdict = NF_DROP; break; } jumpstack[stackidx++] = e; } e = get_entry(table_base, v); continue; } acpar.target = t->u.kernel.target; acpar.targinfo = t->data; verdict = t->u.kernel.target->target(skb, &acpar); if (verdict == XT_CONTINUE) { /* Target might have changed stuff. */ ip = ip_hdr(skb); e = ipt_next_entry(e); } else { /* Verdict */ break; } } while (!acpar.hotdrop); xt_write_recseq_end(addend); local_bh_enable(); if (acpar.hotdrop) return NF_DROP; else return verdict; } /* Figures out from what hook each rule can be called: returns 0 if there are loops. Puts hook bitmask in comefrom. */ static int mark_source_chains(const struct xt_table_info *newinfo, unsigned int valid_hooks, void *entry0, unsigned int *offsets) { unsigned int hook; /* No recursion; use packet counter to save back ptrs (reset to 0 as we leave), and comefrom to save source hook bitmask */ for (hook = 0; hook < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; hook++) { unsigned int pos = newinfo->hook_entry[hook]; struct ipt_entry *e = entry0 + pos; if (!(valid_hooks & (1 << hook))) continue; /* Set initial back pointer. */ e->counters.pcnt = pos; for (;;) { const struct xt_standard_target *t = (void *)ipt_get_target_c(e); int visited = e->comefrom & (1 << hook); if (e->comefrom & (1 << NF_INET_NUMHOOKS)) return 0; e->comefrom |= ((1 << hook) | (1 << NF_INET_NUMHOOKS)); /* Unconditional return/END. */ if ((unconditional(e) && (strcmp(t->target.u.user.name, XT_STANDARD_TARGET) == 0) && t->verdict < 0) || visited) { unsigned int oldpos, size; /* Return: backtrack through the last big jump. */ do { e->comefrom ^= (1<<NF_INET_NUMHOOKS); oldpos = pos; pos = e->counters.pcnt; e->counters.pcnt = 0; /* We're at the start. */ if (pos == oldpos) goto next; e = entry0 + pos; } while (oldpos == pos + e->next_offset); /* Move along one */ size = e->next_offset; e = entry0 + pos + size; if (pos + size >= newinfo->size) return 0; e->counters.pcnt = pos; pos += size; } else { int newpos = t->verdict; if (strcmp(t->target.u.user.name, XT_STANDARD_TARGET) == 0 && newpos >= 0) { /* This a jump; chase it. */ if (!xt_find_jump_offset(offsets, newpos, newinfo->number)) return 0; } else { /* ... this is a fallthru */ newpos = pos + e->next_offset; if (newpos >= newinfo->size) return 0; } e = entry0 + newpos; e->counters.pcnt = pos; pos = newpos; } } next: ; } return 1; } static void cleanup_match(struct xt_entry_match *m, struct net *net) { struct xt_mtdtor_param par; par.net = net; par.match = m->u.kernel.match; par.matchinfo = m->data; par.family = NFPROTO_IPV4; if (par.match->destroy != NULL) par.match->destroy(&par); module_put(par.match->me); } static int check_match(struct xt_entry_match *m, struct xt_mtchk_param *par) { const struct ipt_ip *ip = par->entryinfo; par->match = m->u.kernel.match; par->matchinfo = m->data; return xt_check_match(par, m->u.match_size - sizeof(*m), ip->proto, ip->invflags & IPT_INV_PROTO); } static int find_check_match(struct xt_entry_match *m, struct xt_mtchk_param *par) { struct xt_match *match; int ret; match = xt_request_find_match(NFPROTO_IPV4, m->u.user.name, m->u.user.revision); if (IS_ERR(match)) return PTR_ERR(match); m->u.kernel.match = match; ret = check_match(m, par); if (ret) goto err; return 0; err: module_put(m->u.kernel.match->me); return ret; } static int check_target(struct ipt_entry *e, struct net *net, const char *name) { struct xt_entry_target *t = ipt_get_target(e); struct xt_tgchk_param par = { .net = net, .table = name, .entryinfo = e, .target = t->u.kernel.target, .targinfo = t->data, .hook_mask = e->comefrom, .family = NFPROTO_IPV4, }; return xt_check_target(&par, t->u.target_size - sizeof(*t), e->ip.proto, e->ip.invflags & IPT_INV_PROTO); } static int find_check_entry(struct ipt_entry *e, struct net *net, const char *name, unsigned int size, struct xt_percpu_counter_alloc_state *alloc_state) { struct xt_entry_target *t; struct xt_target *target; int ret; unsigned int j; struct xt_mtchk_param mtpar; struct xt_entry_match *ematch; if (!xt_percpu_counter_alloc(alloc_state, &e->counters)) return -ENOMEM; j = 0; memset(&mtpar, 0, sizeof(mtpar)); mtpar.net = net; mtpar.table = name; mtpar.entryinfo = &e->ip; mtpar.hook_mask = e->comefrom; mtpar.family = NFPROTO_IPV4; xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) { ret = find_check_match(ematch, &mtpar); if (ret != 0) goto cleanup_matches; ++j; } t = ipt_get_target(e); target = xt_request_find_target(NFPROTO_IPV4, t->u.user.name, t->u.user.revision); if (IS_ERR(target)) { ret = PTR_ERR(target); goto cleanup_matches; } t->u.kernel.target = target; ret = check_target(e, net, name); if (ret) goto err; return 0; err: module_put(t->u.kernel.target->me); cleanup_matches: xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) { if (j-- == 0) break; cleanup_match(ematch, net); } xt_percpu_counter_free(&e->counters); return ret; } static bool check_underflow(const struct ipt_entry *e) { const struct xt_entry_target *t; unsigned int verdict; if (!unconditional(e)) return false; t = ipt_get_target_c(e); if (strcmp(t->u.user.name, XT_STANDARD_TARGET) != 0) return false; verdict = ((struct xt_standard_target *)t)->verdict; verdict = -verdict - 1; return verdict == NF_DROP || verdict == NF_ACCEPT; } static int check_entry_size_and_hooks(struct ipt_entry *e, struct xt_table_info *newinfo, const unsigned char *base, const unsigned char *limit, const unsigned int *hook_entries, const unsigned int *underflows, unsigned int valid_hooks) { unsigned int h; int err; if ((unsigned long)e % __alignof__(struct ipt_entry) != 0 || (unsigned char *)e + sizeof(struct ipt_entry) >= limit || (unsigned char *)e + e->next_offset > limit) return -EINVAL; if (e->next_offset < sizeof(struct ipt_entry) + sizeof(struct xt_entry_target)) return -EINVAL; if (!ip_checkentry(&e->ip)) return -EINVAL; err = xt_check_entry_offsets(e, e->elems, e->target_offset, e->next_offset); if (err) return err; /* Check hooks & underflows */ for (h = 0; h < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; h++) { if (!(valid_hooks & (1 << h))) continue; if ((unsigned char *)e - base == hook_entries[h]) newinfo->hook_entry[h] = hook_entries[h]; if ((unsigned char *)e - base == underflows[h]) { if (!check_underflow(e)) return -EINVAL; newinfo->underflow[h] = underflows[h]; } } /* Clear counters and comefrom */ e->counters = ((struct xt_counters) { 0, 0 }); e->comefrom = 0; return 0; } static void cleanup_entry(struct ipt_entry *e, struct net *net) { struct xt_tgdtor_param par; struct xt_entry_target *t; struct xt_entry_match *ematch; /* Cleanup all matches */ xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) cleanup_match(ematch, net); t = ipt_get_target(e); par.net = net; par.target = t->u.kernel.target; par.targinfo = t->data; par.family = NFPROTO_IPV4; if (par.target->destroy != NULL) par.target->destroy(&par); module_put(par.target->me); xt_percpu_counter_free(&e->counters); } /* Checks and translates the user-supplied table segment (held in newinfo) */ static int translate_table(struct net *net, struct xt_table_info *newinfo, void *entry0, const struct ipt_replace *repl) { struct xt_percpu_counter_alloc_state alloc_state = { 0 }; struct ipt_entry *iter; unsigned int *offsets; unsigned int i; int ret = 0; newinfo->size = repl->size; newinfo->number = repl->num_entries; /* Init all hooks to impossible value. */ for (i = 0; i < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; i++) { newinfo->hook_entry[i] = 0xFFFFFFFF; newinfo->underflow[i] = 0xFFFFFFFF; } offsets = xt_alloc_entry_offsets(newinfo->number); if (!offsets) return -ENOMEM; i = 0; /* Walk through entries, checking offsets. */ xt_entry_foreach(iter, entry0, newinfo->size) { ret = check_entry_size_and_hooks(iter, newinfo, entry0, entry0 + repl->size, repl->hook_entry, repl->underflow, repl->valid_hooks); if (ret != 0) goto out_free; if (i < repl->num_entries) offsets[i] = (void *)iter - entry0; ++i; if (strcmp(ipt_get_target(iter)->u.user.name, XT_ERROR_TARGET) == 0) ++newinfo->stacksize; } ret = -EINVAL; if (i != repl->num_entries) goto out_free; ret = xt_check_table_hooks(newinfo, repl->valid_hooks); if (ret) goto out_free; if (!mark_source_chains(newinfo, repl->valid_hooks, entry0, offsets)) { ret = -ELOOP; goto out_free; } kvfree(offsets); /* Finally, each sanity check must pass */ i = 0; xt_entry_foreach(iter, entry0, newinfo->size) { ret = find_check_entry(iter, net, repl->name, repl->size, &alloc_state); if (ret != 0) break; ++i; } if (ret != 0) { xt_entry_foreach(iter, entry0, newinfo->size) { if (i-- == 0) break; cleanup_entry(iter, net); } return ret; } return ret; out_free: kvfree(offsets); return ret; } static void get_counters(const struct xt_table_info *t, struct xt_counters counters[]) { struct ipt_entry *iter; unsigned int cpu; unsigned int i; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { seqcount_t *s = &per_cpu(xt_recseq, cpu); i = 0; xt_entry_foreach(iter, t->entries, t->size) { struct xt_counters *tmp; u64 bcnt, pcnt; unsigned int start; tmp = xt_get_per_cpu_counter(&iter->counters, cpu); do { start = read_seqcount_begin(s); bcnt = tmp->bcnt; pcnt = tmp->pcnt; } while (read_seqcount_retry(s, start)); ADD_COUNTER(counters[i], bcnt, pcnt); ++i; /* macro does multi eval of i */ cond_resched(); } } } static void get_old_counters(const struct xt_table_info *t, struct xt_counters counters[]) { struct ipt_entry *iter; unsigned int cpu, i; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { i = 0; xt_entry_foreach(iter, t->entries, t->size) { const struct xt_counters *tmp; tmp = xt_get_per_cpu_counter(&iter->counters, cpu); ADD_COUNTER(counters[i], tmp->bcnt, tmp->pcnt); ++i; /* macro does multi eval of i */ } cond_resched(); } } static struct xt_counters *alloc_counters(const struct xt_table *table) { unsigned int countersize; struct xt_counters *counters; const struct xt_table_info *private = table->private; /* We need atomic snapshot of counters: rest doesn't change (other than comefrom, which userspace doesn't care about). */ countersize = sizeof(struct xt_counters) * private->number; counters = vzalloc(countersize); if (counters == NULL) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); get_counters(private, counters); return counters; } static int copy_entries_to_user(unsigned int total_size, const struct xt_table *table, void __user *userptr) { unsigned int off, num; const struct ipt_entry *e; struct xt_counters *counters; const struct xt_table_info *private = table->private; int ret = 0; const void *loc_cpu_entry; counters = alloc_counters(table); if (IS_ERR(counters)) return PTR_ERR(counters); loc_cpu_entry = private->entries; /* FIXME: use iterator macros --RR */ /* ... then go back and fix counters and names */ for (off = 0, num = 0; off < total_size; off += e->next_offset, num++){ unsigned int i; const struct xt_entry_match *m; const struct xt_entry_target *t; e = loc_cpu_entry + off; if (copy_to_user(userptr + off, e, sizeof(*e))) { ret = -EFAULT; goto free_counters; } if (copy_to_user(userptr + off + offsetof(struct ipt_entry, counters), &counters[num], sizeof(counters[num])) != 0) { ret = -EFAULT; goto free_counters; } for (i = sizeof(struct ipt_entry); i < e->target_offset; i += m->u.match_size) { m = (void *)e + i; if (xt_match_to_user(m, userptr + off + i)) { ret = -EFAULT; goto free_counters; } } t = ipt_get_target_c(e); if (xt_target_to_user(t, userptr + off + e->target_offset)) { ret = -EFAULT; goto free_counters; } } free_counters: vfree(counters); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static void compat_standard_from_user(void *dst, const void *src) { int v = *(compat_int_t *)src; if (v > 0) v += xt_compat_calc_jump(AF_INET, v); memcpy(dst, &v, sizeof(v)); } static int compat_standard_to_user(void __user *dst, const void *src) { compat_int_t cv = *(int *)src; if (cv > 0) cv -= xt_compat_calc_jump(AF_INET, cv); return copy_to_user(dst, &cv, sizeof(cv)) ? -EFAULT : 0; } static int compat_calc_entry(const struct ipt_entry *e, const struct xt_table_info *info, const void *base, struct xt_table_info *newinfo) { const struct xt_entry_match *ematch; const struct xt_entry_target *t; unsigned int entry_offset; int off, i, ret; off = sizeof(struct ipt_entry) - sizeof(struct compat_ipt_entry); entry_offset = (void *)e - base; xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) off += xt_compat_match_offset(ematch->u.kernel.match); t = ipt_get_target_c(e); off += xt_compat_target_offset(t->u.kernel.target); newinfo->size -= off; ret = xt_compat_add_offset(AF_INET, entry_offset, off); if (ret) return ret; for (i = 0; i < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; i++) { if (info->hook_entry[i] && (e < (struct ipt_entry *)(base + info->hook_entry[i]))) newinfo->hook_entry[i] -= off; if (info->underflow[i] && (e < (struct ipt_entry *)(base + info->underflow[i]))) newinfo->underflow[i] -= off; } return 0; } static int compat_table_info(const struct xt_table_info *info, struct xt_table_info *newinfo) { struct ipt_entry *iter; const void *loc_cpu_entry; int ret; if (!newinfo || !info) return -EINVAL; /* we dont care about newinfo->entries */ memcpy(newinfo, info, offsetof(struct xt_table_info, entries)); newinfo->initial_entries = 0; loc_cpu_entry = info->entries; ret = xt_compat_init_offsets(AF_INET, info->number); if (ret) return ret; xt_entry_foreach(iter, loc_cpu_entry, info->size) { ret = compat_calc_entry(iter, info, loc_cpu_entry, newinfo); if (ret != 0) return ret; } return 0; } #endif static int get_info(struct net *net, void __user *user, const int *len) { char name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN]; struct xt_table *t; int ret; if (*len != sizeof(struct ipt_getinfo)) return -EINVAL; if (copy_from_user(name, user, sizeof(name)) != 0) return -EFAULT; name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN-1] = '\0'; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT if (in_compat_syscall()) xt_compat_lock(AF_INET); #endif t = xt_request_find_table_lock(net, AF_INET, name); if (!IS_ERR(t)) { struct ipt_getinfo info; const struct xt_table_info *private = t->private; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT struct xt_table_info tmp; if (in_compat_syscall()) { ret = compat_table_info(private, &tmp); xt_compat_flush_offsets(AF_INET); private = &tmp; } #endif memset(&info, 0, sizeof(info)); info.valid_hooks = t->valid_hooks; memcpy(info.hook_entry, private->hook_entry, sizeof(info.hook_entry)); memcpy(info.underflow, private->underflow, sizeof(info.underflow)); info.num_entries = private->number; info.size = private->size; strcpy(info.name, name); if (copy_to_user(user, &info, *len) != 0) ret = -EFAULT; else ret = 0; xt_table_unlock(t); module_put(t->me); } else ret = PTR_ERR(t); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT if (in_compat_syscall()) xt_compat_unlock(AF_INET); #endif return ret; } static int get_entries(struct net *net, struct ipt_get_entries __user *uptr, const int *len) { int ret; struct ipt_get_entries get; struct xt_table *t; if (*len < sizeof(get)) return -EINVAL; if (copy_from_user(&get, uptr, sizeof(get)) != 0) return -EFAULT; if (*len != sizeof(struct ipt_get_entries) + get.size) return -EINVAL; get.name[sizeof(get.name) - 1] = '\0'; t = xt_find_table_lock(net, AF_INET, get.name); if (!IS_ERR(t)) { const struct xt_table_info *private = t->private; if (get.size == private->size) ret = copy_entries_to_user(private->size, t, uptr->entrytable); else ret = -EAGAIN; module_put(t->me); xt_table_unlock(t); } else ret = PTR_ERR(t); return ret; } static int __do_replace(struct net *net, const char *name, unsigned int valid_hooks, struct xt_table_info *newinfo, unsigned int num_counters, void __user *counters_ptr) { int ret; struct xt_table *t; struct xt_table_info *oldinfo; struct xt_counters *counters; struct ipt_entry *iter; ret = 0; counters = xt_counters_alloc(num_counters); if (!counters) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } t = xt_request_find_table_lock(net, AF_INET, name); if (IS_ERR(t)) { ret = PTR_ERR(t); goto free_newinfo_counters_untrans; } /* You lied! */ if (valid_hooks != t->valid_hooks) { ret = -EINVAL; goto put_module; } oldinfo = xt_replace_table(t, num_counters, newinfo, &ret); if (!oldinfo) goto put_module; /* Update module usage count based on number of rules */ if ((oldinfo->number > oldinfo->initial_entries) || (newinfo->number <= oldinfo->initial_entries)) module_put(t->me); if ((oldinfo->number > oldinfo->initial_entries) && (newinfo->number <= oldinfo->initial_entries)) module_put(t->me); xt_table_unlock(t); get_old_counters(oldinfo, counters); /* Decrease module usage counts and free resource */ xt_entry_foreach(iter, oldinfo->entries, oldinfo->size) cleanup_entry(iter, net); xt_free_table_info(oldinfo); if (copy_to_user(counters_ptr, counters, sizeof(struct xt_counters) * num_counters) != 0) { /* Silent error, can't fail, new table is already in place */ net_warn_ratelimited("iptables: counters copy to user failed while replacing table\n"); } vfree(counters); return ret; put_module: module_put(t->me); xt_table_unlock(t); free_newinfo_counters_untrans: vfree(counters); out: return ret; } static int do_replace(struct net *net, sockptr_t arg, unsigned int len) { int ret; struct ipt_replace tmp; struct xt_table_info *newinfo; void *loc_cpu_entry; struct ipt_entry *iter; if (copy_from_sockptr(&tmp, arg, sizeof(tmp)) != 0) return -EFAULT; /* overflow check */ if (tmp.num_counters >= INT_MAX / sizeof(struct xt_counters)) return -ENOMEM; if (tmp.num_counters == 0) return -EINVAL; tmp.name[sizeof(tmp.name)-1] = 0; newinfo = xt_alloc_table_info(tmp.size); if (!newinfo) return -ENOMEM; loc_cpu_entry = newinfo->entries; if (copy_from_sockptr_offset(loc_cpu_entry, arg, sizeof(tmp), tmp.size) != 0) { ret = -EFAULT; goto free_newinfo; } ret = translate_table(net, newinfo, loc_cpu_entry, &tmp); if (ret != 0) goto free_newinfo; ret = __do_replace(net, tmp.name, tmp.valid_hooks, newinfo, tmp.num_counters, tmp.counters); if (ret) goto free_newinfo_untrans; return 0; free_newinfo_untrans: xt_entry_foreach(iter, loc_cpu_entry, newinfo->size) cleanup_entry(iter, net); free_newinfo: xt_free_table_info(newinfo); return ret; } static int do_add_counters(struct net *net, sockptr_t arg, unsigned int len) { unsigned int i; struct xt_counters_info tmp; struct xt_counters *paddc; struct xt_table *t; const struct xt_table_info *private; int ret = 0; struct ipt_entry *iter; unsigned int addend; paddc = xt_copy_counters(arg, len, &tmp); if (IS_ERR(paddc)) return PTR_ERR(paddc); t = xt_find_table_lock(net, AF_INET, tmp.name); if (IS_ERR(t)) { ret = PTR_ERR(t); goto free; } local_bh_disable(); private = t->private; if (private->number != tmp.num_counters) { ret = -EINVAL; goto unlock_up_free; } i = 0; addend = xt_write_recseq_begin(); xt_entry_foreach(iter, private->entries, private->size) { struct xt_counters *tmp; tmp = xt_get_this_cpu_counter(&iter->counters); ADD_COUNTER(*tmp, paddc[i].bcnt, paddc[i].pcnt); ++i; } xt_write_recseq_end(addend); unlock_up_free: local_bh_enable(); xt_table_unlock(t); module_put(t->me); free: vfree(paddc); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT struct compat_ipt_replace { char name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN]; u32 valid_hooks; u32 num_entries; u32 size; u32 hook_entry[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS]; u32 underflow[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS]; u32 num_counters; compat_uptr_t counters; /* struct xt_counters * */ struct compat_ipt_entry entries[]; }; static int compat_copy_entry_to_user(struct ipt_entry *e, void __user **dstptr, unsigned int *size, struct xt_counters *counters, unsigned int i) { struct xt_entry_target *t; struct compat_ipt_entry __user *ce; u_int16_t target_offset, next_offset; compat_uint_t origsize; const struct xt_entry_match *ematch; int ret = 0; origsize = *size; ce = *dstptr; if (copy_to_user(ce, e, sizeof(struct ipt_entry)) != 0 || copy_to_user(&ce->counters, &counters[i], sizeof(counters[i])) != 0) return -EFAULT; *dstptr += sizeof(struct compat_ipt_entry); *size -= sizeof(struct ipt_entry) - sizeof(struct compat_ipt_entry); xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) { ret = xt_compat_match_to_user(ematch, dstptr, size); if (ret != 0) return ret; } target_offset = e->target_offset - (origsize - *size); t = ipt_get_target(e); ret = xt_compat_target_to_user(t, dstptr, size); if (ret) return ret; next_offset = e->next_offset - (origsize - *size); if (put_user(target_offset, &ce->target_offset) != 0 || put_user(next_offset, &ce->next_offset) != 0) return -EFAULT; return 0; } static int compat_find_calc_match(struct xt_entry_match *m, const struct ipt_ip *ip, int *size) { struct xt_match *match; match = xt_request_find_match(NFPROTO_IPV4, m->u.user.name, m->u.user.revision); if (IS_ERR(match)) return PTR_ERR(match); m->u.kernel.match = match; *size += xt_compat_match_offset(match); return 0; } static void compat_release_entry(struct compat_ipt_entry *e) { struct xt_entry_target *t; struct xt_entry_match *ematch; /* Cleanup all matches */ xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) module_put(ematch->u.kernel.match->me); t = compat_ipt_get_target(e); module_put(t->u.kernel.target->me); } static int check_compat_entry_size_and_hooks(struct compat_ipt_entry *e, struct xt_table_info *newinfo, unsigned int *size, const unsigned char *base, const unsigned char *limit) { struct xt_entry_match *ematch; struct xt_entry_target *t; struct xt_target *target; unsigned int entry_offset; unsigned int j; int ret, off; if ((unsigned long)e % __alignof__(struct compat_ipt_entry) != 0 || (unsigned char *)e + sizeof(struct compat_ipt_entry) >= limit || (unsigned char *)e + e->next_offset > limit) return -EINVAL; if (e->next_offset < sizeof(struct compat_ipt_entry) + sizeof(struct compat_xt_entry_target)) return -EINVAL; if (!ip_checkentry(&e->ip)) return -EINVAL; ret = xt_compat_check_entry_offsets(e, e->elems, e->target_offset, e->next_offset); if (ret) return ret; off = sizeof(struct ipt_entry) - sizeof(struct compat_ipt_entry); entry_offset = (void *)e - (void *)base; j = 0; xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) { ret = compat_find_calc_match(ematch, &e->ip, &off); if (ret != 0) goto release_matches; ++j; } t = compat_ipt_get_target(e); target = xt_request_find_target(NFPROTO_IPV4, t->u.user.name, t->u.user.revision); if (IS_ERR(target)) { ret = PTR_ERR(target); goto release_matches; } t->u.kernel.target = target; off += xt_compat_target_offset(target); *size += off; ret = xt_compat_add_offset(AF_INET, entry_offset, off); if (ret) goto out; return 0; out: module_put(t->u.kernel.target->me); release_matches: xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) { if (j-- == 0) break; module_put(ematch->u.kernel.match->me); } return ret; } static void compat_copy_entry_from_user(struct compat_ipt_entry *e, void **dstptr, unsigned int *size, struct xt_table_info *newinfo, unsigned char *base) { struct xt_entry_target *t; struct ipt_entry *de; unsigned int origsize; int h; struct xt_entry_match *ematch; origsize = *size; de = *dstptr; memcpy(de, e, sizeof(struct ipt_entry)); memcpy(&de->counters, &e->counters, sizeof(e->counters)); *dstptr += sizeof(struct ipt_entry); *size += sizeof(struct ipt_entry) - sizeof(struct compat_ipt_entry); xt_ematch_foreach(ematch, e) xt_compat_match_from_user(ematch, dstptr, size); de->target_offset = e->target_offset - (origsize - *size); t = compat_ipt_get_target(e); xt_compat_target_from_user(t, dstptr, size); de->next_offset = e->next_offset - (origsize - *size); for (h = 0; h < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; h++) { if ((unsigned char *)de - base < newinfo->hook_entry[h]) newinfo->hook_entry[h] -= origsize - *size; if ((unsigned char *)de - base < newinfo->underflow[h]) newinfo->underflow[h] -= origsize - *size; } } static int translate_compat_table(struct net *net, struct xt_table_info **pinfo, void **pentry0, const struct compat_ipt_replace *compatr) { unsigned int i, j; struct xt_table_info *newinfo, *info; void *pos, *entry0, *entry1; struct compat_ipt_entry *iter0; struct ipt_replace repl; unsigned int size; int ret; info = *pinfo; entry0 = *pentry0; size = compatr->size; info->number = compatr->num_entries; j = 0; xt_compat_lock(AF_INET); ret = xt_compat_init_offsets(AF_INET, compatr->num_entries); if (ret) goto out_unlock; /* Walk through entries, checking offsets. */ xt_entry_foreach(iter0, entry0, compatr->size) { ret = check_compat_entry_size_and_hooks(iter0, info, &size, entry0, entry0 + compatr->size); if (ret != 0) goto out_unlock; ++j; } ret = -EINVAL; if (j != compatr->num_entries) goto out_unlock; ret = -ENOMEM; newinfo = xt_alloc_table_info(size); if (!newinfo) goto out_unlock; memset(newinfo->entries, 0, size); newinfo->number = compatr->num_entries; for (i = 0; i < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; i++) { newinfo->hook_entry[i] = compatr->hook_entry[i]; newinfo->underflow[i] = compatr->underflow[i]; } entry1 = newinfo->entries; pos = entry1; size = compatr->size; xt_entry_foreach(iter0, entry0, compatr->size) compat_copy_entry_from_user(iter0, &pos, &size, newinfo, entry1); /* all module references in entry0 are now gone. * entry1/newinfo contains a 64bit ruleset that looks exactly as * generated by 64bit userspace. * * Call standard translate_table() to validate all hook_entrys, * underflows, check for loops, etc. */ xt_compat_flush_offsets(AF_INET); xt_compat_unlock(AF_INET); memcpy(&repl, compatr, sizeof(*compatr)); for (i = 0; i < NF_INET_NUMHOOKS; i++) { repl.hook_entry[i] = newinfo->hook_entry[i]; repl.underflow[i] = newinfo->underflow[i]; } repl.num_counters = 0; repl.counters = NULL; repl.size = newinfo->size; ret = translate_table(net, newinfo, entry1, &repl); if (ret) goto free_newinfo; *pinfo = newinfo; *pentry0 = entry1; xt_free_table_info(info); return 0; free_newinfo: xt_free_table_info(newinfo); return ret; out_unlock: xt_compat_flush_offsets(AF_INET); xt_compat_unlock(AF_INET); xt_entry_foreach(iter0, entry0, compatr->size) { if (j-- == 0) break; compat_release_entry(iter0); } return ret; } static int compat_do_replace(struct net *net, sockptr_t arg, unsigned int len) { int ret; struct compat_ipt_replace tmp; struct xt_table_info *newinfo; void *loc_cpu_entry; struct ipt_entry *iter; if (copy_from_sockptr(&tmp, arg, sizeof(tmp)) != 0) return -EFAULT; /* overflow check */ if (tmp.num_counters >= INT_MAX / sizeof(struct xt_counters)) return -ENOMEM; if (tmp.num_counters == 0) return -EINVAL; tmp.name[sizeof(tmp.name)-1] = 0; newinfo = xt_alloc_table_info(tmp.size); if (!newinfo) return -ENOMEM; loc_cpu_entry = newinfo->entries; if (copy_from_sockptr_offset(loc_cpu_entry, arg, sizeof(tmp), tmp.size) != 0) { ret = -EFAULT; goto free_newinfo; } ret = translate_compat_table(net, &newinfo, &loc_cpu_entry, &tmp); if (ret != 0) goto free_newinfo; ret = __do_replace(net, tmp.name, tmp.valid_hooks, newinfo, tmp.num_counters, compat_ptr(tmp.counters)); if (ret) goto free_newinfo_untrans; return 0; free_newinfo_untrans: xt_entry_foreach(iter, loc_cpu_entry, newinfo->size) cleanup_entry(iter, net); free_newinfo: xt_free_table_info(newinfo); return ret; } struct compat_ipt_get_entries { char name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN]; compat_uint_t size; struct compat_ipt_entry entrytable[]; }; static int compat_copy_entries_to_user(unsigned int total_size, struct xt_table *table, void __user *userptr) { struct xt_counters *counters; const struct xt_table_info *private = table->private; void __user *pos; unsigned int size; int ret = 0; unsigned int i = 0; struct ipt_entry *iter; counters = alloc_counters(table); if (IS_ERR(counters)) return PTR_ERR(counters); pos = userptr; size = total_size; xt_entry_foreach(iter, private->entries, total_size) { ret = compat_copy_entry_to_user(iter, &pos, &size, counters, i++); if (ret != 0) break; } vfree(counters); return ret; } static int compat_get_entries(struct net *net, struct compat_ipt_get_entries __user *uptr, int *len) { int ret; struct compat_ipt_get_entries get; struct xt_table *t; if (*len < sizeof(get)) return -EINVAL; if (copy_from_user(&get, uptr, sizeof(get)) != 0) return -EFAULT; if (*len != sizeof(struct compat_ipt_get_entries) + get.size) return -EINVAL; get.name[sizeof(get.name) - 1] = '\0'; xt_compat_lock(AF_INET); t = xt_find_table_lock(net, AF_INET, get.name); if (!IS_ERR(t)) { const struct xt_table_info *private = t->private; struct xt_table_info info; ret = compat_table_info(private, &info); if (!ret && get.size == info.size) ret = compat_copy_entries_to_user(private->size, t, uptr->entrytable); else if (!ret) ret = -EAGAIN; xt_compat_flush_offsets(AF_INET); module_put(t->me); xt_table_unlock(t); } else ret = PTR_ERR(t); xt_compat_unlock(AF_INET); return ret; } #endif static int do_ipt_set_ctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, sockptr_t arg, unsigned int len) { int ret; if (!ns_capable(sock_net(sk)->user_ns, CAP_NET_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; switch (cmd) { case IPT_SO_SET_REPLACE: #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT if (in_compat_syscall()) ret = compat_do_replace(sock_net(sk), arg, len); else #endif ret = do_replace(sock_net(sk), arg, len); break; case IPT_SO_SET_ADD_COUNTERS: ret = do_add_counters(sock_net(sk), arg, len); break; default: ret = -EINVAL; } return ret; } static int do_ipt_get_ctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, void __user *user, int *len) { int ret; if (!ns_capable(sock_net(sk)->user_ns, CAP_NET_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; switch (cmd) { case IPT_SO_GET_INFO: ret = get_info(sock_net(sk), user, len); break; case IPT_SO_GET_ENTRIES: #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT if (in_compat_syscall()) ret = compat_get_entries(sock_net(sk), user, len); else #endif ret = get_entries(sock_net(sk), user, len); break; case IPT_SO_GET_REVISION_MATCH: case IPT_SO_GET_REVISION_TARGET: { struct xt_get_revision rev; int target; if (*len != sizeof(rev)) { ret = -EINVAL; break; } if (copy_from_user(&rev, user, sizeof(rev)) != 0) { ret = -EFAULT; break; } rev.name[sizeof(rev.name)-1] = 0; if (cmd == IPT_SO_GET_REVISION_TARGET) target = 1; else target = 0; try_then_request_module(xt_find_revision(AF_INET, rev.name, rev.revision, target, &ret), "ipt_%s", rev.name); break; } default: ret = -EINVAL; } return ret; } static void __ipt_unregister_table(struct net *net, struct xt_table *table) { struct xt_table_info *private; void *loc_cpu_entry; struct module *table_owner = table->me; struct ipt_entry *iter; private = xt_unregister_table(table); /* Decrease module usage counts and free resources */ loc_cpu_entry = private->entries; xt_entry_foreach(iter, loc_cpu_entry, private->size) cleanup_entry(iter, net); if (private->number > private->initial_entries) module_put(table_owner); xt_free_table_info(private); } int ipt_register_table(struct net *net, const struct xt_table *table, const struct ipt_replace *repl, const struct nf_hook_ops *ops, struct xt_table **res) { int ret; struct xt_table_info *newinfo; struct xt_table_info bootstrap = {0}; void *loc_cpu_entry; struct xt_table *new_table; newinfo = xt_alloc_table_info(repl->size); if (!newinfo) return -ENOMEM; loc_cpu_entry = newinfo->entries; memcpy(loc_cpu_entry, repl->entries, repl->size); ret = translate_table(net, newinfo, loc_cpu_entry, repl); if (ret != 0) goto out_free; new_table = xt_register_table(net, table, &bootstrap, newinfo); if (IS_ERR(new_table)) { ret = PTR_ERR(new_table); goto out_free; } /* set res now, will see skbs right after nf_register_net_hooks */ WRITE_ONCE(*res, new_table); if (!ops) return 0; ret = nf_register_net_hooks(net, ops, hweight32(table->valid_hooks)); if (ret != 0) { __ipt_unregister_table(net, new_table); *res = NULL; } return ret; out_free: xt_free_table_info(newinfo); return ret; } void ipt_unregister_table_pre_exit(struct net *net, struct xt_table *table, const struct nf_hook_ops *ops) { nf_unregister_net_hooks(net, ops, hweight32(table->valid_hooks)); } void ipt_unregister_table_exit(struct net *net, struct xt_table *table) { __ipt_unregister_table(net, table); } void ipt_unregister_table(struct net *net, struct xt_table *table, const struct nf_hook_ops *ops) { if (ops) ipt_unregister_table_pre_exit(net, table, ops); __ipt_unregister_table(net, table); } /* Returns 1 if the type and code is matched by the range, 0 otherwise */ static inline bool icmp_type_code_match(u_int8_t test_type, u_int8_t min_code, u_int8_t max_code, u_int8_t type, u_int8_t code, bool invert) { return ((test_type == 0xFF) || (type == test_type && code >= min_code && code <= max_code)) ^ invert; } static bool icmp_match(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct xt_action_param *par) { const struct icmphdr *ic; struct icmphdr _icmph; const struct ipt_icmp *icmpinfo = par->matchinfo; /* Must not be a fragment. */ if (par->fragoff != 0) return false; ic = skb_header_pointer(skb, par->thoff, sizeof(_icmph), &_icmph); if (ic == NULL) { /* We've been asked to examine this packet, and we * can't. Hence, no choice but to drop. */ par->hotdrop = true; return false; } return icmp_type_code_match(icmpinfo->type, icmpinfo->code[0], icmpinfo->code[1], ic->type, ic->code, !!(icmpinfo->invflags&IPT_ICMP_INV)); } static int icmp_checkentry(const struct xt_mtchk_param *par) { const struct ipt_icmp *icmpinfo = par->matchinfo; /* Must specify no unknown invflags */ return (icmpinfo->invflags & ~IPT_ICMP_INV) ? -EINVAL : 0; } static struct xt_target ipt_builtin_tg[] __read_mostly = { { .name = XT_STANDARD_TARGET, .targetsize = sizeof(int), .family = NFPROTO_IPV4, #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT .compatsize = sizeof(compat_int_t), .compat_from_user = compat_standard_from_user, .compat_to_user = compat_standard_to_user, #endif }, { .name = XT_ERROR_TARGET, .target = ipt_error, .targetsize = XT_FUNCTION_MAXNAMELEN, .family = NFPROTO_IPV4, }, }; static struct nf_sockopt_ops ipt_sockopts = { .pf = PF_INET, .set_optmin = IPT_BASE_CTL, .set_optmax = IPT_SO_SET_MAX+1, .set = do_ipt_set_ctl, .get_optmin = IPT_BASE_CTL, .get_optmax = IPT_SO_GET_MAX+1, .get = do_ipt_get_ctl, .owner = THIS_MODULE, }; static struct xt_match ipt_builtin_mt[] __read_mostly = { { .name = "icmp", .match = icmp_match, .matchsize = sizeof(struct ipt_icmp), .checkentry = icmp_checkentry, .proto = IPPROTO_ICMP, .family = NFPROTO_IPV4, .me = THIS_MODULE, }, }; static int __net_init ip_tables_net_init(struct net *net) { return xt_proto_init(net, NFPROTO_IPV4); } static void __net_exit ip_tables_net_exit(struct net *net) { xt_proto_fini(net, NFPROTO_IPV4); } static struct pernet_operations ip_tables_net_ops = { .init = ip_tables_net_init, .exit = ip_tables_net_exit, }; static int __init ip_tables_init(void) { int ret; ret = register_pernet_subsys(&ip_tables_net_ops); if (ret < 0) goto err1; /* No one else will be downing sem now, so we won't sleep */ ret = xt_register_targets(ipt_builtin_tg, ARRAY_SIZE(ipt_builtin_tg)); if (ret < 0) goto err2; ret = xt_register_matches(ipt_builtin_mt, ARRAY_SIZE(ipt_builtin_mt)); if (ret < 0) goto err4; /* Register setsockopt */ ret = nf_register_sockopt(&ipt_sockopts); if (ret < 0) goto err5; return 0; err5: xt_unregister_matches(ipt_builtin_mt, ARRAY_SIZE(ipt_builtin_mt)); err4: xt_unregister_targets(ipt_builtin_tg, ARRAY_SIZE(ipt_builtin_tg)); err2: unregister_pernet_subsys(&ip_tables_net_ops); err1: return ret; } static void __exit ip_tables_fini(void) { nf_unregister_sockopt(&ipt_sockopts); xt_unregister_matches(ipt_builtin_mt, ARRAY_SIZE(ipt_builtin_mt)); xt_unregister_targets(ipt_builtin_tg, ARRAY_SIZE(ipt_builtin_tg)); unregister_pernet_subsys(&ip_tables_net_ops); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ipt_register_table); EXPORT_SYMBOL(ipt_unregister_table); EXPORT_SYMBOL(ipt_unregister_table_pre_exit); EXPORT_SYMBOL(ipt_unregister_table_exit); EXPORT_SYMBOL(ipt_do_table); module_init(ip_tables_init); module_exit(ip_tables_fini);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Credentials management - see Documentation/security/credentials.rst * * Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef _LINUX_CRED_H #define _LINUX_CRED_H #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/key.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/user.h> struct cred; struct inode; /* * COW Supplementary groups list */ struct group_info { atomic_t usage; int ngroups; kgid_t gid[0]; } __randomize_layout; /** * get_group_info - Get a reference to a group info structure * @group_info: The group info to reference * * This gets a reference to a set of supplementary groups. * * If the caller is accessing a task's credentials, they must hold the RCU read * lock when reading. */ static inline struct group_info *get_group_info(struct group_info *gi) { atomic_inc(&gi->usage); return gi; } /** * put_group_info - Release a reference to a group info structure * @group_info: The group info to release */ #define put_group_info(group_info) \ do { \ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&(group_info)->usage)) \ groups_free(group_info); \ } while (0) extern struct group_info init_groups; #ifdef CONFIG_MULTIUSER extern struct group_info *groups_alloc(int); extern void groups_free(struct group_info *); extern int in_group_p(kgid_t); extern int in_egroup_p(kgid_t); extern int groups_search(const struct group_info *, kgid_t); extern int set_current_groups(struct group_info *); extern void set_groups(struct cred *, struct group_info *); extern bool may_setgroups(void); extern void groups_sort(struct group_info *); #else static inline void groups_free(struct group_info *group_info) { } static inline int in_group_p(kgid_t grp) { return 1; } static inline int in_egroup_p(kgid_t grp) { return 1; } static inline int groups_search(const struct group_info *group_info, kgid_t grp) { return 1; } #endif /* * The security context of a task * * The parts of the context break down into two categories: * * (1) The objective context of a task. These parts are used when some other * task is attempting to affect this one. * * (2) The subjective context. These details are used when the task is acting * upon another object, be that a file, a task, a key or whatever. * * Note that some members of this structure belong to both categories - the * LSM security pointer for instance. * * A task has two security pointers. task->real_cred points to the objective * context that defines that task's actual details. The objective part of this * context is used whenever that task is acted upon. * * task->cred points to the subjective context that defines the details of how * that task is going to act upon another object. This may be overridden * temporarily to point to another security context, but normally points to the * same context as task->real_cred. */ struct cred { atomic_t usage; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_CREDENTIALS atomic_t subscribers; /* number of processes subscribed */ void *put_addr; unsigned magic; #define CRED_MAGIC 0x43736564 #define CRED_MAGIC_DEAD 0x44656144 #endif kuid_t uid; /* real UID of the task */ kgid_t gid; /* real GID of the task */ kuid_t suid; /* saved UID of the task */ kgid_t sgid; /* saved GID of the task */ kuid_t euid; /* effective UID of the task */ kgid_t egid; /* effective GID of the task */ kuid_t fsuid; /* UID for VFS ops */ kgid_t fsgid; /* GID for VFS ops */ unsigned securebits; /* SUID-less security management */ kernel_cap_t cap_inheritable; /* caps our children can inherit */ kernel_cap_t cap_permitted; /* caps we're permitted */ kernel_cap_t cap_effective; /* caps we can actually use */ kernel_cap_t cap_bset; /* capability bounding set */ kernel_cap_t cap_ambient; /* Ambient capability set */ #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS unsigned char jit_keyring; /* default keyring to attach requested * keys to */ struct key *session_keyring; /* keyring inherited over fork */ struct key *process_keyring; /* keyring private to this process */ struct key *thread_keyring; /* keyring private to this thread */ struct key *request_key_auth; /* assumed request_key authority */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *security; /* subjective LSM security */ #endif struct user_struct *user; /* real user ID subscription */ struct user_namespace *user_ns; /* user_ns the caps and keyrings are relative to. */ struct group_info *group_info; /* supplementary groups for euid/fsgid */ /* RCU deletion */ union { int non_rcu; /* Can we skip RCU deletion? */ struct rcu_head rcu; /* RCU deletion hook */ }; } __randomize_layout; extern void __put_cred(struct cred *); extern void exit_creds(struct task_struct *); extern int copy_creds(struct task_struct *, unsigned long); extern const struct cred *get_task_cred(struct task_struct *); extern struct cred *cred_alloc_blank(void); extern struct cred *prepare_creds(void); extern struct cred *prepare_exec_creds(void); extern int commit_creds(struct cred *); extern void abort_creds(struct cred *); extern const struct cred *override_creds(const struct cred *); extern void revert_creds(const struct cred *); extern struct cred *prepare_kernel_cred(struct task_struct *); extern int change_create_files_as(struct cred *, struct inode *); extern int set_security_override(struct cred *, u32); extern int set_security_override_from_ctx(struct cred *, const char *); extern int set_create_files_as(struct cred *, struct inode *); extern int cred_fscmp(const struct cred *, const struct cred *); extern void __init cred_init(void); /* * check for validity of credentials */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_CREDENTIALS extern void __invalid_creds(const struct cred *, const char *, unsigned); extern void __validate_process_creds(struct task_struct *, const char *, unsigned); extern bool creds_are_invalid(const struct cred *cred); static inline void __validate_creds(const struct cred *cred, const char *file, unsigned line) { if (unlikely(creds_are_invalid(cred))) __invalid_creds(cred, file, line); } #define validate_creds(cred) \ do { \ __validate_creds((cred), __FILE__, __LINE__); \ } while(0) #define validate_process_creds() \ do { \ __validate_process_creds(current, __FILE__, __LINE__); \ } while(0) extern void validate_creds_for_do_exit(struct task_struct *); #else static inline void validate_creds(const struct cred *cred) { } static inline void validate_creds_for_do_exit(struct task_struct *tsk) { } static inline void validate_process_creds(void) { } #endif static inline bool cap_ambient_invariant_ok(const struct cred *cred) { return cap_issubset(cred->cap_ambient, cap_intersect(cred->cap_permitted, cred->cap_inheritable)); } /** * get_new_cred - Get a reference on a new set of credentials * @cred: The new credentials to reference * * Get a reference on the specified set of new credentials. The caller must * release the reference. */ static inline struct cred *get_new_cred(struct cred *cred) { atomic_inc(&cred->usage); return cred; } /** * get_cred - Get a reference on a set of credentials * @cred: The credentials to reference * * Get a reference on the specified set of credentials. The caller must * release the reference. If %NULL is passed, it is returned with no action. * * This is used to deal with a committed set of credentials. Although the * pointer is const, this will temporarily discard the const and increment the * usage count. The purpose of this is to attempt to catch at compile time the * accidental alteration of a set of credentials that should be considered * immutable. */ static inline const struct cred *get_cred(const struct cred *cred) { struct cred *nonconst_cred = (struct cred *) cred; if (!cred) return cred; validate_creds(cred); nonconst_cred->non_rcu = 0; return get_new_cred(nonconst_cred); } static inline const struct cred *get_cred_rcu(const struct cred *cred) { struct cred *nonconst_cred = (struct cred *) cred; if (!cred) return NULL; if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&nonconst_cred->usage)) return NULL; validate_creds(cred); nonconst_cred->non_rcu = 0; return cred; } /** * put_cred - Release a reference to a set of credentials * @cred: The credentials to release * * Release a reference to a set of credentials, deleting them when the last ref * is released. If %NULL is passed, nothing is done. * * This takes a const pointer to a set of credentials because the credentials * on task_struct are attached by const pointers to prevent accidental * alteration of otherwise immutable credential sets. */ static inline void put_cred(const struct cred *_cred) { struct cred *cred = (struct cred *) _cred; if (cred) { validate_creds(cred); if (atomic_dec_and_test(&(cred)->usage)) __put_cred(cred); } } /** * current_cred - Access the current task's subjective credentials * * Access the subjective credentials of the current task. RCU-safe, * since nobody else can modify it. */ #define current_cred() \ rcu_dereference_protected(current->cred, 1) /** * current_real_cred - Access the current task's objective credentials * * Access the objective credentials of the current task. RCU-safe, * since nobody else can modify it. */ #define current_real_cred() \ rcu_dereference_protected(current->real_cred, 1) /** * __task_cred - Access a task's objective credentials * @task: The task to query * * Access the objective credentials of a task. The caller must hold the RCU * readlock. * * The result of this function should not be passed directly to get_cred(); * rather get_task_cred() should be used instead. */ #define __task_cred(task) \ rcu_dereference((task)->real_cred) /** * get_current_cred - Get the current task's subjective credentials * * Get the subjective credentials of the current task, pinning them so that * they can't go away. Accessing the current task's credentials directly is * not permitted. */ #define get_current_cred() \ (get_cred(current_cred())) /** * get_current_user - Get the current task's user_struct * * Get the user record of the current task, pinning it so that it can't go * away. */ #define get_current_user() \ ({ \ struct user_struct *__u; \ const struct cred *__cred; \ __cred = current_cred(); \ __u = get_uid(__cred->user); \ __u; \ }) /** * get_current_groups - Get the current task's supplementary group list * * Get the supplementary group list of the current task, pinning it so that it * can't go away. */ #define get_current_groups() \ ({ \ struct group_info *__groups; \ const struct cred *__cred; \ __cred = current_cred(); \ __groups = get_group_info(__cred->group_info); \ __groups; \ }) #define task_cred_xxx(task, xxx) \ ({ \ __typeof__(((struct cred *)NULL)->xxx) ___val; \ rcu_read_lock(); \ ___val = __task_cred((task))->xxx; \ rcu_read_unlock(); \ ___val; \ }) #define task_uid(task) (task_cred_xxx((task), uid)) #define task_euid(task) (task_cred_xxx((task), euid)) #define current_cred_xxx(xxx) \ ({ \ current_cred()->xxx; \ }) #define current_uid() (current_cred_xxx(uid)) #define current_gid() (current_cred_xxx(gid)) #define current_euid() (current_cred_xxx(euid)) #define current_egid() (current_cred_xxx(egid)) #define current_suid() (current_cred_xxx(suid)) #define current_sgid() (current_cred_xxx(sgid)) #define current_fsuid() (current_cred_xxx(fsuid)) #define current_fsgid() (current_cred_xxx(fsgid)) #define current_cap() (current_cred_xxx(cap_effective)) #define current_user() (current_cred_xxx(user)) extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns; #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS #define current_user_ns() (current_cred_xxx(user_ns)) #else static inline struct user_namespace *current_user_ns(void) { return &init_user_ns; } #endif #define current_uid_gid(_uid, _gid) \ do { \ const struct cred *__cred; \ __cred = current_cred(); \ *(_uid) = __cred->uid; \ *(_gid) = __cred->gid; \ } while(0) #define current_euid_egid(_euid, _egid) \ do { \ const struct cred *__cred; \ __cred = current_cred(); \ *(_euid) = __cred->euid; \ *(_egid) = __cred->egid; \ } while(0) #define current_fsuid_fsgid(_fsuid, _fsgid) \ do { \ const struct cred *__cred; \ __cred = current_cred(); \ *(_fsuid) = __cred->fsuid; \ *(_fsgid) = __cred->fsgid; \ } while(0) #endif /* _LINUX_CRED_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Integer base 2 logarithm calculation * * Copyright (C) 2006 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef _LINUX_LOG2_H #define _LINUX_LOG2_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> /* * non-constant log of base 2 calculators * - the arch may override these in asm/bitops.h if they can be implemented * more efficiently than using fls() and fls64() * - the arch is not required to handle n==0 if implementing the fallback */ #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_ILOG2_U32 static inline __attribute__((const)) int __ilog2_u32(u32 n) { return fls(n) - 1; } #endif #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_ILOG2_U64 static inline __attribute__((const)) int __ilog2_u64(u64 n) { return fls64(n) - 1; } #endif /** * is_power_of_2() - check if a value is a power of two * @n: the value to check * * Determine whether some value is a power of two, where zero is * *not* considered a power of two. * Return: true if @n is a power of 2, otherwise false. */ static inline __attribute__((const)) bool is_power_of_2(unsigned long n) { return (n != 0 && ((n & (n - 1)) == 0)); } /** * __roundup_pow_of_two() - round up to nearest power of two * @n: value to round up */ static inline __attribute__((const)) unsigned long __roundup_pow_of_two(unsigned long n) { return 1UL << fls_long(n - 1); } /** * __rounddown_pow_of_two() - round down to nearest power of two * @n: value to round down */ static inline __attribute__((const)) unsigned long __rounddown_pow_of_two(unsigned long n) { return 1UL << (fls_long(n) - 1); } /** * const_ilog2 - log base 2 of 32-bit or a 64-bit constant unsigned value * @n: parameter * * Use this where sparse expects a true constant expression, e.g. for array * indices. */ #define const_ilog2(n) \ ( \ __builtin_constant_p(n) ? ( \ (n) < 2 ? 0 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 63) ? 63 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 62) ? 62 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 61) ? 61 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 60) ? 60 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 59) ? 59 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 58) ? 58 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 57) ? 57 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 56) ? 56 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 55) ? 55 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 54) ? 54 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 53) ? 53 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 52) ? 52 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 51) ? 51 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 50) ? 50 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 49) ? 49 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 48) ? 48 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 47) ? 47 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 46) ? 46 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 45) ? 45 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 44) ? 44 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 43) ? 43 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 42) ? 42 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 41) ? 41 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 40) ? 40 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 39) ? 39 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 38) ? 38 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 37) ? 37 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 36) ? 36 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 35) ? 35 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 34) ? 34 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 33) ? 33 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 32) ? 32 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 31) ? 31 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 30) ? 30 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 29) ? 29 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 28) ? 28 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 27) ? 27 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 26) ? 26 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 25) ? 25 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 24) ? 24 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 23) ? 23 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 22) ? 22 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 21) ? 21 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 20) ? 20 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 19) ? 19 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 18) ? 18 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 17) ? 17 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 16) ? 16 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 15) ? 15 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 14) ? 14 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 13) ? 13 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 12) ? 12 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 11) ? 11 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 10) ? 10 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 9) ? 9 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 8) ? 8 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 7) ? 7 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 6) ? 6 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 5) ? 5 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 4) ? 4 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 3) ? 3 : \ (n) & (1ULL << 2) ? 2 : \ 1) : \ -1) /** * ilog2 - log base 2 of 32-bit or a 64-bit unsigned value * @n: parameter * * constant-capable log of base 2 calculation * - this can be used to initialise global variables from constant data, hence * the massive ternary operator construction * * selects the appropriately-sized optimised version depending on sizeof(n) */ #define ilog2(n) \ ( \ __builtin_constant_p(n) ? \ const_ilog2(n) : \ (sizeof(n) <= 4) ? \ __ilog2_u32(n) : \ __ilog2_u64(n) \ ) /** * roundup_pow_of_two - round the given value up to nearest power of two * @n: parameter * * round the given value up to the nearest power of two * - the result is undefined when n == 0 * - this can be used to initialise global variables from constant data */ #define roundup_pow_of_two(n) \ ( \ __builtin_constant_p(n) ? ( \ ((n) == 1) ? 1 : \ (1UL << (ilog2((n) - 1) + 1)) \ ) : \ __roundup_pow_of_two(n) \ ) /** * rounddown_pow_of_two - round the given value down to nearest power of two * @n: parameter * * round the given value down to the nearest power of two * - the result is undefined when n == 0 * - this can be used to initialise global variables from constant data */ #define rounddown_pow_of_two(n) \ ( \ __builtin_constant_p(n) ? ( \ (1UL << ilog2(n))) : \ __rounddown_pow_of_two(n) \ ) static inline __attribute_const__ int __order_base_2(unsigned long n) { return n > 1 ? ilog2(n - 1) + 1 : 0; } /** * order_base_2 - calculate the (rounded up) base 2 order of the argument * @n: parameter * * The first few values calculated by this routine: * ob2(0) = 0 * ob2(1) = 0 * ob2(2) = 1 * ob2(3) = 2 * ob2(4) = 2 * ob2(5) = 3 * ... and so on. */ #define order_base_2(n) \ ( \ __builtin_constant_p(n) ? ( \ ((n) == 0 || (n) == 1) ? 0 : \ ilog2((n) - 1) + 1) : \ __order_base_2(n) \ ) static inline __attribute__((const)) int __bits_per(unsigned long n) { if (n < 2) return 1; if (is_power_of_2(n)) return order_base_2(n) + 1; return order_base_2(n); } /** * bits_per - calculate the number of bits required for the argument * @n: parameter * * This is constant-capable and can be used for compile time * initializations, e.g bitfields. * * The first few values calculated by this routine: * bf(0) = 1 * bf(1) = 1 * bf(2) = 2 * bf(3) = 2 * bf(4) = 3 * ... and so on. */ #define bits_per(n) \ ( \ __builtin_constant_p(n) ? ( \ ((n) == 0 || (n) == 1) \ ? 1 : ilog2(n) + 1 \ ) : \ __bits_per(n) \ ) #endif /* _LINUX_LOG2_H */
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1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Implementation of the kernel access vector cache (AVC). * * Authors: Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> * James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> * * Update: KaiGai, Kohei <kaigai@ak.jp.nec.com> * Replaced the avc_lock spinlock by RCU. * * Copyright (C) 2003 Red Hat, Inc., James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <linux/un.h> #include <net/af_unix.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include "avc.h" #include "avc_ss.h" #include "classmap.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/avc.h> #define AVC_CACHE_SLOTS 512 #define AVC_DEF_CACHE_THRESHOLD 512 #define AVC_CACHE_RECLAIM 16 #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS #define avc_cache_stats_incr(field) this_cpu_inc(avc_cache_stats.field) #else #define avc_cache_stats_incr(field) do {} while (0) #endif struct avc_entry { u32 ssid; u32 tsid; u16 tclass; struct av_decision avd; struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; }; struct avc_node { struct avc_entry ae; struct hlist_node list; /* anchored in avc_cache->slots[i] */ struct rcu_head rhead; }; struct avc_xperms_decision_node { struct extended_perms_decision xpd; struct list_head xpd_list; /* list of extended_perms_decision */ }; struct avc_xperms_node { struct extended_perms xp; struct list_head xpd_head; /* list head of extended_perms_decision */ }; struct avc_cache { struct hlist_head slots[AVC_CACHE_SLOTS]; /* head for avc_node->list */ spinlock_t slots_lock[AVC_CACHE_SLOTS]; /* lock for writes */ atomic_t lru_hint; /* LRU hint for reclaim scan */ atomic_t active_nodes; u32 latest_notif; /* latest revocation notification */ }; struct avc_callback_node { int (*callback) (u32 event); u32 events; struct avc_callback_node *next; }; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct avc_cache_stats, avc_cache_stats) = { 0 }; #endif struct selinux_avc { unsigned int avc_cache_threshold; struct avc_cache avc_cache; }; static struct selinux_avc selinux_avc; void selinux_avc_init(struct selinux_avc **avc) { int i; selinux_avc.avc_cache_threshold = AVC_DEF_CACHE_THRESHOLD; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.slots[i]); spin_lock_init(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.slots_lock[i]); } atomic_set(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.active_nodes, 0); atomic_set(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.lru_hint, 0); *avc = &selinux_avc; } unsigned int avc_get_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc) { return avc->avc_cache_threshold; } void avc_set_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc, unsigned int cache_threshold) { avc->avc_cache_threshold = cache_threshold; } static struct avc_callback_node *avc_callbacks; static struct kmem_cache *avc_node_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_data_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_decision_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_cachep; static inline int avc_hash(u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { return (ssid ^ (tsid<<2) ^ (tclass<<4)) & (AVC_CACHE_SLOTS - 1); } /** * avc_init - Initialize the AVC. * * Initialize the access vector cache. */ void __init avc_init(void) { avc_node_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_node", sizeof(struct avc_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_xperms_node", sizeof(struct avc_xperms_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_decision_cachep = kmem_cache_create( "avc_xperms_decision_node", sizeof(struct avc_xperms_decision_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_data_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_xperms_data", sizeof(struct extended_perms_data), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } int avc_get_hash_stats(struct selinux_avc *avc, char *page) { int i, chain_len, max_chain_len, slots_used; struct avc_node *node; struct hlist_head *head; rcu_read_lock(); slots_used = 0; max_chain_len = 0; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[i]; if (!hlist_empty(head)) { slots_used++; chain_len = 0; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(node, head, list) chain_len++; if (chain_len > max_chain_len) max_chain_len = chain_len; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return scnprintf(page, PAGE_SIZE, "entries: %d\nbuckets used: %d/%d\n" "longest chain: %d\n", atomic_read(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes), slots_used, AVC_CACHE_SLOTS, max_chain_len); } /* * using a linked list for extended_perms_decision lookup because the list is * always small. i.e. less than 5, typically 1 */ static struct extended_perms_decision *avc_xperms_decision_lookup(u8 driver, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node; list_for_each_entry(xpd_node, &xp_node->xpd_head, xpd_list) { if (xpd_node->xpd.driver == driver) return &xpd_node->xpd; } return NULL; } static inline unsigned int avc_xperms_has_perm(struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, u8 which) { unsigned int rc = 0; if ((which == XPERMS_ALLOWED) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->allowed->p, perm); else if ((which == XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->auditallow->p, perm); else if ((which == XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->dontaudit->p, perm); return rc; } static void avc_xperms_allow_perm(struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node, u8 driver, u8 perm) { struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; security_xperm_set(xp_node->xp.drivers.p, driver); xpd = avc_xperms_decision_lookup(driver, xp_node); if (xpd && xpd->allowed) security_xperm_set(xpd->allowed->p, perm); } static void avc_xperms_decision_free(struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node) { struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; xpd = &xpd_node->xpd; if (xpd->allowed) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->allowed); if (xpd->auditallow) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->auditallow); if (xpd->dontaudit) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->dontaudit); kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_decision_cachep, xpd_node); } static void avc_xperms_free(struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node, *tmp; if (!xp_node) return; list_for_each_entry_safe(xpd_node, tmp, &xp_node->xpd_head, xpd_list) { list_del(&xpd_node->xpd_list); avc_xperms_decision_free(xpd_node); } kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_cachep, xp_node); } static void avc_copy_xperms_decision(struct extended_perms_decision *dest, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { dest->driver = src->driver; dest->used = src->used; if (dest->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED) memcpy(dest->allowed->p, src->allowed->p, sizeof(src->allowed->p)); if (dest->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) memcpy(dest->auditallow->p, src->auditallow->p, sizeof(src->auditallow->p)); if (dest->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) memcpy(dest->dontaudit->p, src->dontaudit->p, sizeof(src->dontaudit->p)); } /* * similar to avc_copy_xperms_decision, but only copy decision * information relevant to this perm */ static inline void avc_quick_copy_xperms_decision(u8 perm, struct extended_perms_decision *dest, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { /* * compute index of the u32 of the 256 bits (8 u32s) that contain this * command permission */ u8 i = perm >> 5; dest->used = src->used; if (dest->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED) dest->allowed->p[i] = src->allowed->p[i]; if (dest->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) dest->auditallow->p[i] = src->auditallow->p[i]; if (dest->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) dest->dontaudit->p[i] = src->dontaudit->p[i]; } static struct avc_xperms_decision_node *avc_xperms_decision_alloc(u8 which) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node; struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; xpd_node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_decision_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd_node) return NULL; xpd = &xpd_node->xpd; if (which & XPERMS_ALLOWED) { xpd->allowed = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->allowed) goto error; } if (which & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) { xpd->auditallow = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->auditallow) goto error; } if (which & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) { xpd->dontaudit = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->dontaudit) goto error; } return xpd_node; error: avc_xperms_decision_free(xpd_node); return NULL; } static int avc_add_xperms_decision(struct avc_node *node, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *dest_xpd; node->ae.xp_node->xp.len++; dest_xpd = avc_xperms_decision_alloc(src->used); if (!dest_xpd) return -ENOMEM; avc_copy_xperms_decision(&dest_xpd->xpd, src); list_add(&dest_xpd->xpd_list, &node->ae.xp_node->xpd_head); return 0; } static struct avc_xperms_node *avc_xperms_alloc(void) { struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; xp_node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xp_node) return xp_node; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xp_node->xpd_head); return xp_node; } static int avc_xperms_populate(struct avc_node *node, struct avc_xperms_node *src) { struct avc_xperms_node *dest; struct avc_xperms_decision_node *dest_xpd; struct avc_xperms_decision_node *src_xpd; if (src->xp.len == 0) return 0; dest = avc_xperms_alloc(); if (!dest) return -ENOMEM; memcpy(dest->xp.drivers.p, src->xp.drivers.p, sizeof(dest->xp.drivers.p)); dest->xp.len = src->xp.len; /* for each source xpd allocate a destination xpd and copy */ list_for_each_entry(src_xpd, &src->xpd_head, xpd_list) { dest_xpd = avc_xperms_decision_alloc(src_xpd->xpd.used); if (!dest_xpd) goto error; avc_copy_xperms_decision(&dest_xpd->xpd, &src_xpd->xpd); list_add(&dest_xpd->xpd_list, &dest->xpd_head); } node->ae.xp_node = dest; return 0; error: avc_xperms_free(dest); return -ENOMEM; } static inline u32 avc_xperms_audit_required(u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, int result, u32 *deniedp) { u32 denied, audited; denied = requested & ~avd->allowed; if (unlikely(denied)) { audited = denied & avd->auditdeny; if (audited && xpd) { if (avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, perm, XPERMS_DONTAUDIT)) audited &= ~requested; } } else if (result) { audited = denied = requested; } else { audited = requested & avd->auditallow; if (audited && xpd) { if (!avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, perm, XPERMS_AUDITALLOW)) audited &= ~requested; } } *deniedp = denied; return audited; } static inline int avc_xperms_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, int result, struct common_audit_data *ad) { u32 audited, denied; audited = avc_xperms_audit_required( requested, avd, xpd, perm, result, &denied); if (likely(!audited)) return 0; return slow_avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, audited, denied, result, ad); } static void avc_node_free(struct rcu_head *rhead) { struct avc_node *node = container_of(rhead, struct avc_node, rhead); avc_xperms_free(node->ae.xp_node); kmem_cache_free(avc_node_cachep, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(frees); } static void avc_node_delete(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *node) { hlist_del_rcu(&node->list); call_rcu(&node->rhead, avc_node_free); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static void avc_node_kill(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *node) { avc_xperms_free(node->ae.xp_node); kmem_cache_free(avc_node_cachep, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(frees); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static void avc_node_replace(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *new, struct avc_node *old) { hlist_replace_rcu(&old->list, &new->list); call_rcu(&old->rhead, avc_node_free); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static inline int avc_reclaim_node(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct avc_node *node; int hvalue, try, ecx; unsigned long flags; struct hlist_head *head; spinlock_t *lock; for (try = 0, ecx = 0; try < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; try++) { hvalue = atomic_inc_return(&avc->avc_cache.lru_hint) & (AVC_CACHE_SLOTS - 1); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; if (!spin_trylock_irqsave(lock, flags)) continue; rcu_read_lock(); hlist_for_each_entry(node, head, list) { avc_node_delete(avc, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(reclaims); ecx++; if (ecx >= AVC_CACHE_RECLAIM) { rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); goto out; } } rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); } out: return ecx; } static struct avc_node *avc_alloc_node(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct avc_node *node; node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_node_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!node) goto out; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&node->list); avc_cache_stats_incr(allocations); if (atomic_inc_return(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes) > avc->avc_cache_threshold) avc_reclaim_node(avc); out: return node; } static void avc_node_populate(struct avc_node *node, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd) { node->ae.ssid = ssid; node->ae.tsid = tsid; node->ae.tclass = tclass; memcpy(&node->ae.avd, avd, sizeof(node->ae.avd)); } static inline struct avc_node *avc_search_node(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { struct avc_node *node, *ret = NULL; int hvalue; struct hlist_head *head; hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(node, head, list) { if (ssid == node->ae.ssid && tclass == node->ae.tclass && tsid == node->ae.tsid) { ret = node; break; } } return ret; } /** * avc_lookup - Look up an AVC entry. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * * Look up an AVC entry that is valid for the * (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass. If a valid AVC entry exists, * then this function returns the avc_node. * Otherwise, this function returns NULL. */ static struct avc_node *avc_lookup(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { struct avc_node *node; avc_cache_stats_incr(lookups); node = avc_search_node(avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (node) return node; avc_cache_stats_incr(misses); return NULL; } static int avc_latest_notif_update(struct selinux_avc *avc, int seqno, int is_insert) { int ret = 0; static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(notif_lock); unsigned long flag; spin_lock_irqsave(&notif_lock, flag); if (is_insert) { if (seqno < avc->avc_cache.latest_notif) { pr_warn("SELinux: avc: seqno %d < latest_notif %d\n", seqno, avc->avc_cache.latest_notif); ret = -EAGAIN; } } else { if (seqno > avc->avc_cache.latest_notif) avc->avc_cache.latest_notif = seqno; } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&notif_lock, flag); return ret; } /** * avc_insert - Insert an AVC entry. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @avd: resulting av decision * @xp_node: resulting extended permissions * * Insert an AVC entry for the SID pair * (@ssid, @tsid) and class @tclass. * The access vectors and the sequence number are * normally provided by the security server in * response to a security_compute_av() call. If the * sequence number @avd->seqno is not less than the latest * revocation notification, then the function copies * the access vectors into a cache entry, returns * avc_node inserted. Otherwise, this function returns NULL. */ static struct avc_node *avc_insert(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_node *pos, *node = NULL; int hvalue; unsigned long flag; spinlock_t *lock; struct hlist_head *head; if (avc_latest_notif_update(avc, avd->seqno, 1)) return NULL; node = avc_alloc_node(avc); if (!node) return NULL; avc_node_populate(node, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd); if (avc_xperms_populate(node, xp_node)) { avc_node_kill(avc, node); return NULL; } hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, list) { if (pos->ae.ssid == ssid && pos->ae.tsid == tsid && pos->ae.tclass == tclass) { avc_node_replace(avc, node, pos); goto found; } } hlist_add_head_rcu(&node->list, head); found: spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); return node; } /** * avc_audit_pre_callback - SELinux specific information * will be called by generic audit code * @ab: the audit buffer * @a: audit_data */ static void avc_audit_pre_callback(struct audit_buffer *ab, void *a) { struct common_audit_data *ad = a; struct selinux_audit_data *sad = ad->selinux_audit_data; u32 av = sad->audited; const char **perms; int i, perm; audit_log_format(ab, "avc: %s ", sad->denied ? "denied" : "granted"); if (av == 0) { audit_log_format(ab, " null"); return; } perms = secclass_map[sad->tclass-1].perms; audit_log_format(ab, " {"); i = 0; perm = 1; while (i < (sizeof(av) * 8)) { if ((perm & av) && perms[i]) { audit_log_format(ab, " %s", perms[i]); av &= ~perm; } i++; perm <<= 1; } if (av) audit_log_format(ab, " 0x%x", av); audit_log_format(ab, " } for "); } /** * avc_audit_post_callback - SELinux specific information * will be called by generic audit code * @ab: the audit buffer * @a: audit_data */ static void avc_audit_post_callback(struct audit_buffer *ab, void *a) { struct common_audit_data *ad = a; struct selinux_audit_data *sad = ad->selinux_audit_data; char *scontext = NULL; char *tcontext = NULL; const char *tclass = NULL; u32 scontext_len; u32 tcontext_len; int rc; rc = security_sid_to_context(sad->state, sad->ssid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (rc) audit_log_format(ab, " ssid=%d", sad->ssid); else audit_log_format(ab, " scontext=%s", scontext); rc = security_sid_to_context(sad->state, sad->tsid, &tcontext, &tcontext_len); if (rc) audit_log_format(ab, " tsid=%d", sad->tsid); else audit_log_format(ab, " tcontext=%s", tcontext); tclass = secclass_map[sad->tclass-1].name; audit_log_format(ab, " tclass=%s", tclass); if (sad->denied) audit_log_format(ab, " permissive=%u", sad->result ? 0 : 1); trace_selinux_audited(sad, scontext, tcontext, tclass); kfree(tcontext); kfree(scontext); /* in case of invalid context report also the actual context string */ rc = security_sid_to_context_inval(sad->state, sad->ssid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (!rc && scontext) { if (scontext_len && scontext[scontext_len - 1] == '\0') scontext_len--; audit_log_format(ab, " srawcon="); audit_log_n_untrustedstring(ab, scontext, scontext_len); kfree(scontext); } rc = security_sid_to_context_inval(sad->state, sad->tsid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (!rc && scontext) { if (scontext_len && scontext[scontext_len - 1] == '\0') scontext_len--; audit_log_format(ab, " trawcon="); audit_log_n_untrustedstring(ab, scontext, scontext_len); kfree(scontext); } } /* This is the slow part of avc audit with big stack footprint */ noinline int slow_avc_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u32 audited, u32 denied, int result, struct common_audit_data *a) { struct common_audit_data stack_data; struct selinux_audit_data sad; if (WARN_ON(!tclass || tclass >= ARRAY_SIZE(secclass_map))) return -EINVAL; if (!a) { a = &stack_data; a->type = LSM_AUDIT_DATA_NONE; } sad.tclass = tclass; sad.requested = requested; sad.ssid = ssid; sad.tsid = tsid; sad.audited = audited; sad.denied = denied; sad.result = result; sad.state = state; a->selinux_audit_data = &sad; common_lsm_audit(a, avc_audit_pre_callback, avc_audit_post_callback); return 0; } /** * avc_add_callback - Register a callback for security events. * @callback: callback function * @events: security events * * Register a callback function for events in the set @events. * Returns %0 on success or -%ENOMEM if insufficient memory * exists to add the callback. */ int __init avc_add_callback(int (*callback)(u32 event), u32 events) { struct avc_callback_node *c; int rc = 0; c = kmalloc(sizeof(*c), GFP_KERNEL); if (!c) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out; } c->callback = callback; c->events = events; c->next = avc_callbacks; avc_callbacks = c; out: return rc; } /** * avc_update_node Update an AVC entry * @event : Updating event * @perms : Permission mask bits * @ssid,@tsid,@tclass : identifier of an AVC entry * @seqno : sequence number when decision was made * @xpd: extended_perms_decision to be added to the node * @flags: the AVC_* flags, e.g. AVC_NONBLOCKING, AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS, or 0. * * if a valid AVC entry doesn't exist,this function returns -ENOENT. * if kmalloc() called internal returns NULL, this function returns -ENOMEM. * otherwise, this function updates the AVC entry. The original AVC-entry object * will release later by RCU. */ static int avc_update_node(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 event, u32 perms, u8 driver, u8 xperm, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 seqno, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u32 flags) { int hvalue, rc = 0; unsigned long flag; struct avc_node *pos, *node, *orig = NULL; struct hlist_head *head; spinlock_t *lock; /* * If we are in a non-blocking code path, e.g. VFS RCU walk, * then we must not add permissions to a cache entry * because we will not audit the denial. Otherwise, * during the subsequent blocking retry (e.g. VFS ref walk), we * will find the permissions already granted in the cache entry * and won't audit anything at all, leading to silent denials in * permissive mode that only appear when in enforcing mode. * * See the corresponding handling of MAY_NOT_BLOCK in avc_audit() * and selinux_inode_permission(). */ if (flags & AVC_NONBLOCKING) return 0; node = avc_alloc_node(avc); if (!node) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out; } /* Lock the target slot */ hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, list) { if (ssid == pos->ae.ssid && tsid == pos->ae.tsid && tclass == pos->ae.tclass && seqno == pos->ae.avd.seqno){ orig = pos; break; } } if (!orig) { rc = -ENOENT; avc_node_kill(avc, node); goto out_unlock; } /* * Copy and replace original node. */ avc_node_populate(node, ssid, tsid, tclass, &orig->ae.avd); if (orig->ae.xp_node) { rc = avc_xperms_populate(node, orig->ae.xp_node); if (rc) { avc_node_kill(avc, node); goto out_unlock; } } switch (event) { case AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT: node->ae.avd.allowed |= perms; if (node->ae.xp_node && (flags & AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS)) avc_xperms_allow_perm(node->ae.xp_node, driver, xperm); break; case AVC_CALLBACK_TRY_REVOKE: case AVC_CALLBACK_REVOKE: node->ae.avd.allowed &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_ENABLE: node->ae.avd.auditallow |= perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_DISABLE: node->ae.avd.auditallow &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_ENABLE: node->ae.avd.auditdeny |= perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_DISABLE: node->ae.avd.auditdeny &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS: avc_add_xperms_decision(node, xpd); break; } avc_node_replace(avc, node, orig); out_unlock: spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); out: return rc; } /** * avc_flush - Flush the cache */ static void avc_flush(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct hlist_head *head; struct avc_node *node; spinlock_t *lock; unsigned long flag; int i; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[i]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[i]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); /* * With preemptable RCU, the outer spinlock does not * prevent RCU grace periods from ending. */ rcu_read_lock(); hlist_for_each_entry(node, head, list) avc_node_delete(avc, node); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); } } /** * avc_ss_reset - Flush the cache and revalidate migrated permissions. * @seqno: policy sequence number */ int avc_ss_reset(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 seqno) { struct avc_callback_node *c; int rc = 0, tmprc; avc_flush(avc); for (c = avc_callbacks; c; c = c->next) { if (c->events & AVC_CALLBACK_RESET) { tmprc = c->callback(AVC_CALLBACK_RESET); /* save the first error encountered for the return value and continue processing the callbacks */ if (!rc) rc = tmprc; } } avc_latest_notif_update(avc, seqno, 0); return rc; } /* * Slow-path helper function for avc_has_perm_noaudit, * when the avc_node lookup fails. We get called with * the RCU read lock held, and need to return with it * still held, but drop if for the security compute. * * Don't inline this, since it's the slow-path and just * results in a bigger stack frame. */ static noinline struct avc_node *avc_compute_av(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { rcu_read_unlock(); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xp_node->xpd_head); security_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, &xp_node->xp); rcu_read_lock(); return avc_insert(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, xp_node); } static noinline int avc_denied(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 xperm, unsigned int flags, struct av_decision *avd) { if (flags & AVC_STRICT) return -EACCES; if (enforcing_enabled(state) && !(avd->flags & AVD_FLAGS_PERMISSIVE)) return -EACCES; avc_update_node(state->avc, AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT, requested, driver, xperm, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd->seqno, NULL, flags); return 0; } /* * The avc extended permissions logic adds an additional 256 bits of * permissions to an avc node when extended permissions for that node are * specified in the avtab. If the additional 256 permissions is not adequate, * as-is the case with ioctls, then multiple may be chained together and the * driver field is used to specify which set contains the permission. */ int avc_has_extended_perms(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 xperm, struct common_audit_data *ad) { struct avc_node *node; struct av_decision avd; u32 denied; struct extended_perms_decision local_xpd; struct extended_perms_decision *xpd = NULL; struct extended_perms_data allowed; struct extended_perms_data auditallow; struct extended_perms_data dontaudit; struct avc_xperms_node local_xp_node; struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; int rc = 0, rc2; xp_node = &local_xp_node; if (WARN_ON(!requested)) return -EACCES; rcu_read_lock(); node = avc_lookup(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (unlikely(!node)) { node = avc_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, &avd, xp_node); } else { memcpy(&avd, &node->ae.avd, sizeof(avd)); xp_node = node->ae.xp_node; } /* if extended permissions are not defined, only consider av_decision */ if (!xp_node || !xp_node->xp.len) goto decision; local_xpd.allowed = &allowed; local_xpd.auditallow = &auditallow; local_xpd.dontaudit = &dontaudit; xpd = avc_xperms_decision_lookup(driver, xp_node); if (unlikely(!xpd)) { /* * Compute the extended_perms_decision only if the driver * is flagged */ if (!security_xperm_test(xp_node->xp.drivers.p, driver)) { avd.allowed &= ~requested; goto decision; } rcu_read_unlock(); security_compute_xperms_decision(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, driver, &local_xpd); rcu_read_lock(); avc_update_node(state->avc, AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS, requested, driver, xperm, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd.seqno, &local_xpd, 0); } else { avc_quick_copy_xperms_decision(xperm, &local_xpd, xpd); } xpd = &local_xpd; if (!avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, xperm, XPERMS_ALLOWED)) avd.allowed &= ~requested; decision: denied = requested & ~(avd.allowed); if (unlikely(denied)) rc = avc_denied(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, driver, xperm, AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS, &avd); rcu_read_unlock(); rc2 = avc_xperms_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, xpd, xperm, rc, ad); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } /** * avc_has_perm_noaudit - Check permissions but perform no auditing. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions, interpreted based on @tclass * @flags: AVC_STRICT, AVC_NONBLOCKING, or 0 * @avd: access vector decisions * * Check the AVC to determine whether the @requested permissions are granted * for the SID pair (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass, and call the security server on a cache miss to obtain * a new decision and add it to the cache. Return a copy of the decisions * in @avd. Return %0 if all @requested permissions are granted, * -%EACCES if any permissions are denied, or another -errno upon * other errors. This function is typically called by avc_has_perm(), * but may also be called directly to separate permission checking from * auditing, e.g. in cases where a lock must be held for the check but * should be released for the auditing. */ inline int avc_has_perm_noaudit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, unsigned int flags, struct av_decision *avd) { struct avc_node *node; struct avc_xperms_node xp_node; int rc = 0; u32 denied; if (WARN_ON(!requested)) return -EACCES; rcu_read_lock(); node = avc_lookup(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (unlikely(!node)) node = avc_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, &xp_node); else memcpy(avd, &node->ae.avd, sizeof(*avd)); denied = requested & ~(avd->allowed); if (unlikely(denied)) rc = avc_denied(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, 0, 0, flags, avd); rcu_read_unlock(); return rc; } /** * avc_has_perm - Check permissions and perform any appropriate auditing. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions, interpreted based on @tclass * @auditdata: auxiliary audit data * * Check the AVC to determine whether the @requested permissions are granted * for the SID pair (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass, and call the security server on a cache miss to obtain * a new decision and add it to the cache. Audit the granting or denial of * permissions in accordance with the policy. Return %0 if all @requested * permissions are granted, -%EACCES if any permissions are denied, or * another -errno upon other errors. */ int avc_has_perm(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata) { struct av_decision avd; int rc, rc2; rc = avc_has_perm_noaudit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, 0, &avd); rc2 = avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, rc, auditdata, 0); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } int avc_has_perm_flags(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata, int flags) { struct av_decision avd; int rc, rc2; rc = avc_has_perm_noaudit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, (flags & MAY_NOT_BLOCK) ? AVC_NONBLOCKING : 0, &avd); rc2 = avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, rc, auditdata, flags); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } u32 avc_policy_seqno(struct selinux_state *state) { return state->avc->avc_cache.latest_notif; } void avc_disable(void) { /* * If you are looking at this because you have realized that we are * not destroying the avc_node_cachep it might be easy to fix, but * I don't know the memory barrier semantics well enough to know. It's * possible that some other task dereferenced security_ops when * it still pointed to selinux operations. If that is the case it's * possible that it is about to use the avc and is about to need the * avc_node_cachep. I know I could wrap the security.c security_ops call * in an rcu_lock, but seriously, it's not worth it. Instead I just flush * the cache and get that memory back. */ if (avc_node_cachep) { avc_flush(selinux_state.avc); /* kmem_cache_destroy(avc_node_cachep); */ } }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_MM_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_MM_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/sync_core.h> /* * Routines for handling mm_structs */ extern struct mm_struct *mm_alloc(void); /** * mmgrab() - Pin a &struct mm_struct. * @mm: The &struct mm_struct to pin. * * Make sure that @mm will not get freed even after the owning task * exits. This doesn't guarantee that the associated address space * will still exist later on and mmget_not_zero() has to be used before * accessing it. * * This is a preferred way to pin @mm for a longer/unbounded amount * of time. * * Use mmdrop() to release the reference acquired by mmgrab(). * * See also <Documentation/vm/active_mm.rst> for an in-depth explanation * of &mm_struct.mm_count vs &mm_struct.mm_users. */ static inline void mmgrab(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_inc(&mm->mm_count); } extern void __mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm); static inline void mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * The implicit full barrier implied by atomic_dec_and_test() is * required by the membarrier system call before returning to * user-space, after storing to rq->curr. */ if (unlikely(atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_count))) __mmdrop(mm); } /** * mmget() - Pin the address space associated with a &struct mm_struct. * @mm: The address space to pin. * * Make sure that the address space of the given &struct mm_struct doesn't * go away. This does not protect against parts of the address space being * modified or freed, however. * * Never use this function to pin this address space for an * unbounded/indefinite amount of time. * * Use mmput() to release the reference acquired by mmget(). * * See also <Documentation/vm/active_mm.rst> for an in-depth explanation * of &mm_struct.mm_count vs &mm_struct.mm_users. */ static inline void mmget(struct mm_struct *mm) { atomic_inc(&mm->mm_users); } static inline bool mmget_not_zero(struct mm_struct *mm) { return atomic_inc_not_zero(&mm->mm_users); } /* mmput gets rid of the mappings and all user-space */ extern void mmput(struct mm_struct *); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* same as above but performs the slow path from the async context. Can * be called from the atomic context as well */ void mmput_async(struct mm_struct *); #endif /* Grab a reference to a task's mm, if it is not already going away */ extern struct mm_struct *get_task_mm(struct task_struct *task); /* * Grab a reference to a task's mm, if it is not already going away * and ptrace_may_access with the mode parameter passed to it * succeeds. */ extern struct mm_struct *mm_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode); /* Remove the current tasks stale references to the old mm_struct on exit() */ extern void exit_mm_release(struct task_struct *, struct mm_struct *); /* Remove the current tasks stale references to the old mm_struct on exec() */ extern void exec_mm_release(struct task_struct *, struct mm_struct *); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG extern void mm_update_next_owner(struct mm_struct *mm); #else static inline void mm_update_next_owner(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm, struct rlimit *rlim_stack); extern unsigned long arch_get_unmapped_area(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern unsigned long arch_get_unmapped_area_topdown(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); #else static inline void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm, struct rlimit *rlim_stack) {} #endif static inline bool in_vfork(struct task_struct *tsk) { bool ret; /* * need RCU to access ->real_parent if CLONE_VM was used along with * CLONE_PARENT. * * We check real_parent->mm == tsk->mm because CLONE_VFORK does not * imply CLONE_VM * * CLONE_VFORK can be used with CLONE_PARENT/CLONE_THREAD and thus * ->real_parent is not necessarily the task doing vfork(), so in * theory we can't rely on task_lock() if we want to dereference it. * * And in this case we can't trust the real_parent->mm == tsk->mm * check, it can be false negative. But we do not care, if init or * another oom-unkillable task does this it should blame itself. */ rcu_read_lock(); ret = tsk->vfork_done && rcu_dereference(tsk->real_parent)->mm == tsk->mm; rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /* * Applies per-task gfp context to the given allocation flags. * PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO implies GFP_NOIO * PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS implies GFP_NOFS */ static inline gfp_t current_gfp_context(gfp_t flags) { unsigned int pflags = READ_ONCE(current->flags); if (unlikely(pflags & (PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO | PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS))) { /* * NOIO implies both NOIO and NOFS and it is a weaker context * so always make sure it makes precedence */ if (pflags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO) flags &= ~(__GFP_IO | __GFP_FS); else if (pflags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS) flags &= ~__GFP_FS; } return flags; } #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP extern void __fs_reclaim_acquire(void); extern void __fs_reclaim_release(void); extern void fs_reclaim_acquire(gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void fs_reclaim_release(gfp_t gfp_mask); #else static inline void __fs_reclaim_acquire(void) { } static inline void __fs_reclaim_release(void) { } static inline void fs_reclaim_acquire(gfp_t gfp_mask) { } static inline void fs_reclaim_release(gfp_t gfp_mask) { } #endif /** * memalloc_noio_save - Marks implicit GFP_NOIO allocation scope. * * This functions marks the beginning of the GFP_NOIO allocation scope. * All further allocations will implicitly drop __GFP_IO flag and so * they are safe for the IO critical section from the allocation recursion * point of view. Use memalloc_noio_restore to end the scope with flags * returned by this function. * * This function is safe to be used from any context. */ static inline unsigned int memalloc_noio_save(void) { unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO; current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO; return flags; } /** * memalloc_noio_restore - Ends the implicit GFP_NOIO scope. * @flags: Flags to restore. * * Ends the implicit GFP_NOIO scope started by memalloc_noio_save function. * Always make sure that the given flags is the return value from the * pairing memalloc_noio_save call. */ static inline void memalloc_noio_restore(unsigned int flags) { current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO) | flags; } /** * memalloc_nofs_save - Marks implicit GFP_NOFS allocation scope. * * This functions marks the beginning of the GFP_NOFS allocation scope. * All further allocations will implicitly drop __GFP_FS flag and so * they are safe for the FS critical section from the allocation recursion * point of view. Use memalloc_nofs_restore to end the scope with flags * returned by this function. * * This function is safe to be used from any context. */ static inline unsigned int memalloc_nofs_save(void) { unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS; current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS; return flags; } /** * memalloc_nofs_restore - Ends the implicit GFP_NOFS scope. * @flags: Flags to restore. * * Ends the implicit GFP_NOFS scope started by memalloc_nofs_save function. * Always make sure that the given flags is the return value from the * pairing memalloc_nofs_save call. */ static inline void memalloc_nofs_restore(unsigned int flags) { current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS) | flags; } static inline unsigned int memalloc_noreclaim_save(void) { unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC; current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC; return flags; } static inline void memalloc_noreclaim_restore(unsigned int flags) { current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC) | flags; } #ifdef CONFIG_CMA static inline unsigned int memalloc_nocma_save(void) { unsigned int flags = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA; current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA; return flags; } static inline void memalloc_nocma_restore(unsigned int flags) { current->flags = (current->flags & ~PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA) | flags; } #else static inline unsigned int memalloc_nocma_save(void) { return 0; } static inline void memalloc_nocma_restore(unsigned int flags) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct mem_cgroup *, int_active_memcg); /** * set_active_memcg - Starts the remote memcg charging scope. * @memcg: memcg to charge. * * This function marks the beginning of the remote memcg charging scope. All the * __GFP_ACCOUNT allocations till the end of the scope will be charged to the * given memcg. * * NOTE: This function can nest. Users must save the return value and * reset the previous value after their own charging scope is over. */ static inline struct mem_cgroup * set_active_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { struct mem_cgroup *old; if (in_interrupt()) { old = this_cpu_read(int_active_memcg); this_cpu_write(int_active_memcg, memcg); } else { old = current->active_memcg; current->active_memcg = memcg; } return old; } #else static inline struct mem_cgroup * set_active_memcg(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return NULL; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER enum { MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_READY = (1U << 0), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED = (1U << 1), MEMBARRIER_STATE_GLOBAL_EXPEDITED_READY = (1U << 2), MEMBARRIER_STATE_GLOBAL_EXPEDITED = (1U << 3), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_SYNC_CORE_READY = (1U << 4), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_SYNC_CORE = (1U << 5), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_RSEQ_READY = (1U << 6), MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_RSEQ = (1U << 7), }; enum { MEMBARRIER_FLAG_SYNC_CORE = (1U << 0), MEMBARRIER_FLAG_RSEQ = (1U << 1), }; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_MEMBARRIER_CALLBACKS #include <asm/membarrier.h> #endif static inline void membarrier_mm_sync_core_before_usermode(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (current->mm != mm) return; if (likely(!(atomic_read(&mm->membarrier_state) & MEMBARRIER_STATE_PRIVATE_EXPEDITED_SYNC_CORE))) return; sync_core_before_usermode(); } extern void membarrier_exec_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm); #else #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_MEMBARRIER_CALLBACKS static inline void membarrier_arch_switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk) { } #endif static inline void membarrier_exec_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { } static inline void membarrier_mm_sync_core_before_usermode(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_MM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Common header file for generic dynamic events. */ #ifndef _TRACE_DYNEVENT_H #define _TRACE_DYNEVENT_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include "trace.h" struct dyn_event; /** * struct dyn_event_operations - Methods for each type of dynamic events * * These methods must be set for each type, since there is no default method. * Before using this for dyn_event_init(), it must be registered by * dyn_event_register(). * * @create: Parse and create event method. This is invoked when user passes * a event definition to dynamic_events interface. This must not destruct * the arguments and return -ECANCELED if given arguments doesn't match its * command prefix. * @show: Showing method. This is invoked when user reads the event definitions * via dynamic_events interface. * @is_busy: Check whether given event is busy so that it can not be deleted. * Return true if it is busy, otherwides false. * @free: Delete the given event. Return 0 if success, otherwides error. * @match: Check whether given event and system name match this event. The argc * and argv is used for exact match. Return true if it matches, otherwides * false. * * Except for @create, these methods are called under holding event_mutex. */ struct dyn_event_operations { struct list_head list; int (*create)(int argc, const char *argv[]); int (*show)(struct seq_file *m, struct dyn_event *ev); bool (*is_busy)(struct dyn_event *ev); int (*free)(struct dyn_event *ev); bool (*match)(const char *system, const char *event, int argc, const char **argv, struct dyn_event *ev); }; /* Register new dyn_event type -- must be called at first */ int dyn_event_register(struct dyn_event_operations *ops); /** * struct dyn_event - Dynamic event list header * * The dyn_event structure encapsulates a list and a pointer to the operators * for making a global list of dynamic events. * User must includes this in each event structure, so that those events can * be added/removed via dynamic_events interface. */ struct dyn_event { struct list_head list; struct dyn_event_operations *ops; }; extern struct list_head dyn_event_list; static inline int dyn_event_init(struct dyn_event *ev, struct dyn_event_operations *ops) { if (!ev || !ops) return -EINVAL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ev->list); ev->ops = ops; return 0; } static inline int dyn_event_add(struct dyn_event *ev) { lockdep_assert_held(&event_mutex); if (!ev || !ev->ops) return -EINVAL; list_add_tail(&ev->list, &dyn_event_list); return 0; } static inline void dyn_event_remove(struct dyn_event *ev) { lockdep_assert_held(&event_mutex); list_del_init(&ev->list); } void *dyn_event_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos); void *dyn_event_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos); void dyn_event_seq_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v); int dyn_events_release_all(struct dyn_event_operations *type); int dyn_event_release(int argc, char **argv, struct dyn_event_operations *type); /* * for_each_dyn_event - iterate over the dyn_event list * @pos: the struct dyn_event * to use as a loop cursor * * This is just a basement of for_each macro. Wrap this for * each actual event structure with ops filtering. */ #define for_each_dyn_event(pos) \ list_for_each_entry(pos, &dyn_event_list, list) /* * for_each_dyn_event - iterate over the dyn_event list safely * @pos: the struct dyn_event * to use as a loop cursor * @n: the struct dyn_event * to use as temporary storage */ #define for_each_dyn_event_safe(pos, n) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, &dyn_event_list, list) extern void dynevent_cmd_init(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, char *buf, int maxlen, enum dynevent_type type, dynevent_create_fn_t run_command); typedef int (*dynevent_check_arg_fn_t)(void *data); struct dynevent_arg { const char *str; char separator; /* e.g. ';', ',', or nothing */ }; extern void dynevent_arg_init(struct dynevent_arg *arg, char separator); extern int dynevent_arg_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, struct dynevent_arg *arg, dynevent_check_arg_fn_t check_arg); struct dynevent_arg_pair { const char *lhs; const char *rhs; char operator; /* e.g. '=' or nothing */ char separator; /* e.g. ';', ',', or nothing */ }; extern void dynevent_arg_pair_init(struct dynevent_arg_pair *arg_pair, char operator, char separator); extern int dynevent_arg_pair_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, struct dynevent_arg_pair *arg_pair, dynevent_check_arg_fn_t check_arg); extern int dynevent_str_add(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *str); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_COMPLETION_H #define __LINUX_COMPLETION_H /* * (C) Copyright 2001 Linus Torvalds * * Atomic wait-for-completion handler data structures. * See kernel/sched/completion.c for details. */ #include <linux/swait.h> /* * struct completion - structure used to maintain state for a "completion" * * This is the opaque structure used to maintain the state for a "completion". * Completions currently use a FIFO to queue threads that have to wait for * the "completion" event. * * See also: complete(), wait_for_completion() (and friends _timeout, * _interruptible, _interruptible_timeout, and _killable), init_completion(), * reinit_completion(), and macros DECLARE_COMPLETION(), * DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(). */ struct completion { unsigned int done; struct swait_queue_head wait; }; #define init_completion_map(x, m) __init_completion(x) #define init_completion(x) __init_completion(x) static inline void complete_acquire(struct completion *x) {} static inline void complete_release(struct completion *x) {} #define COMPLETION_INITIALIZER(work) \ { 0, __SWAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER((work).wait) } #define COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK_MAP(work, map) \ (*({ init_completion_map(&(work), &(map)); &(work); })) #define COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK(work) \ (*({ init_completion(&work); &work; })) /** * DECLARE_COMPLETION - declare and initialize a completion structure * @work: identifier for the completion structure * * This macro declares and initializes a completion structure. Generally used * for static declarations. You should use the _ONSTACK variant for automatic * variables. */ #define DECLARE_COMPLETION(work) \ struct completion work = COMPLETION_INITIALIZER(work) /* * Lockdep needs to run a non-constant initializer for on-stack * completions - so we use the _ONSTACK() variant for those that * are on the kernel stack: */ /** * DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK - declare and initialize a completion structure * @work: identifier for the completion structure * * This macro declares and initializes a completion structure on the kernel * stack. */ #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP # define DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(work) \ struct completion work = COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK(work) # define DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK_MAP(work, map) \ struct completion work = COMPLETION_INITIALIZER_ONSTACK_MAP(work, map) #else # define DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(work) DECLARE_COMPLETION(work) # define DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK_MAP(work, map) DECLARE_COMPLETION(work) #endif /** * init_completion - Initialize a dynamically allocated completion * @x: pointer to completion structure that is to be initialized * * This inline function will initialize a dynamically created completion * structure. */ static inline void __init_completion(struct completion *x) { x->done = 0; init_swait_queue_head(&x->wait); } /** * reinit_completion - reinitialize a completion structure * @x: pointer to completion structure that is to be reinitialized * * This inline function should be used to reinitialize a completion structure so it can * be reused. This is especially important after complete_all() is used. */ static inline void reinit_completion(struct completion *x) { x->done = 0; } extern void wait_for_completion(struct completion *); extern void wait_for_completion_io(struct completion *); extern int wait_for_completion_interruptible(struct completion *x); extern int wait_for_completion_killable(struct completion *x); extern unsigned long wait_for_completion_timeout(struct completion *x, unsigned long timeout); extern unsigned long wait_for_completion_io_timeout(struct completion *x, unsigned long timeout); extern long wait_for_completion_interruptible_timeout( struct completion *x, unsigned long timeout); extern long wait_for_completion_killable_timeout( struct completion *x, unsigned long timeout); extern bool try_wait_for_completion(struct completion *x); extern bool completion_done(struct completion *x); extern void complete(struct completion *); extern void complete_all(struct completion *); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Functions used by both the SCSI initiator code and the SCSI target code. */ #ifndef _SCSI_COMMON_H_ #define _SCSI_COMMON_H_ #include <linux/types.h> #include <scsi/scsi_proto.h> static inline unsigned scsi_varlen_cdb_length(const void *hdr) { return ((struct scsi_varlen_cdb_hdr *)hdr)->additional_cdb_length + 8; } extern const unsigned char scsi_command_size_tbl[8]; #define COMMAND_SIZE(opcode) scsi_command_size_tbl[((opcode) >> 5) & 7] static inline unsigned scsi_command_size(const unsigned char *cmnd) { return (cmnd[0] == VARIABLE_LENGTH_CMD) ? scsi_varlen_cdb_length(cmnd) : COMMAND_SIZE(cmnd[0]); } static inline unsigned char scsi_command_control(const unsigned char *cmnd) { return (cmnd[0] == VARIABLE_LENGTH_CMD) ? cmnd[1] : cmnd[COMMAND_SIZE(cmnd[0]) - 1]; } /* Returns a human-readable name for the device */ extern const char *scsi_device_type(unsigned type); extern void int_to_scsilun(u64, struct scsi_lun *); extern u64 scsilun_to_int(struct scsi_lun *); /* * This is a slightly modified SCSI sense "descriptor" format header. * The addition is to allow the 0x70 and 0x71 response codes. The idea * is to place the salient data from either "fixed" or "descriptor" sense * format into one structure to ease application processing. * * The original sense buffer should be kept around for those cases * in which more information is required (e.g. the LBA of a MEDIUM ERROR). */ struct scsi_sense_hdr { /* See SPC-3 section 4.5 */ u8 response_code; /* permit: 0x0, 0x70, 0x71, 0x72, 0x73 */ u8 sense_key; u8 asc; u8 ascq; u8 byte4; u8 byte5; u8 byte6; u8 additional_length; /* always 0 for fixed sense format */ }; static inline bool scsi_sense_valid(const struct scsi_sense_hdr *sshdr) { if (!sshdr) return false; return (sshdr->response_code & 0x70) == 0x70; } extern bool scsi_normalize_sense(const u8 *sense_buffer, int sb_len, struct scsi_sense_hdr *sshdr); extern void scsi_build_sense_buffer(int desc, u8 *buf, u8 key, u8 asc, u8 ascq); int scsi_set_sense_information(u8 *buf, int buf_len, u64 info); int scsi_set_sense_field_pointer(u8 *buf, int buf_len, u16 fp, u8 bp, bool cd); extern const u8 * scsi_sense_desc_find(const u8 * sense_buffer, int sb_len, int desc_type); #endif /* _SCSI_COMMON_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_ERR_H #define _LINUX_ERR_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <asm/errno.h> /* * Kernel pointers have redundant information, so we can use a * scheme where we can return either an error code or a normal * pointer with the same return value. * * This should be a per-architecture thing, to allow different * error and pointer decisions. */ #define MAX_ERRNO 4095 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #define IS_ERR_VALUE(x) unlikely((unsigned long)(void *)(x) >= (unsigned long)-MAX_ERRNO) static inline void * __must_check ERR_PTR(long error) { return (void *) error; } static inline long __must_check PTR_ERR(__force const void *ptr) { return (long) ptr; } static inline bool __must_check IS_ERR(__force const void *ptr) { return IS_ERR_VALUE((unsigned long)ptr); } static inline bool __must_check IS_ERR_OR_NULL(__force const void *ptr) { return unlikely(!ptr) || IS_ERR_VALUE((unsigned long)ptr); } /** * ERR_CAST - Explicitly cast an error-valued pointer to another pointer type * @ptr: The pointer to cast. * * Explicitly cast an error-valued pointer to another pointer type in such a * way as to make it clear that's what's going on. */ static inline void * __must_check ERR_CAST(__force const void *ptr) { /* cast away the const */ return (void *) ptr; } static inline int __must_check PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(__force const void *ptr) { if (IS_ERR(ptr)) return PTR_ERR(ptr); else return 0; } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_ERR_H */
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM ext4 #if !defined(_TRACE_EXT4_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_EXT4_H #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> struct ext4_allocation_context; struct ext4_allocation_request; struct ext4_extent; struct ext4_prealloc_space; struct ext4_inode_info; struct mpage_da_data; struct ext4_map_blocks; struct extent_status; struct ext4_fsmap; struct partial_cluster; #define EXT4_I(inode) (container_of(inode, struct ext4_inode_info, vfs_inode)) #define show_mballoc_flags(flags) __print_flags(flags, "|", \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_MERGE, "HINT_MERGE" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_RESERVED, "HINT_RESV" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_METADATA, "HINT_MDATA" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST, "HINT_FIRST" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_BEST, "HINT_BEST" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA, "HINT_DATA" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_NOPREALLOC, "HINT_NOPREALLOC" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_GROUP_ALLOC, "HINT_GRP_ALLOC" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_GOAL_ONLY, "HINT_GOAL_ONLY" }, \ { EXT4_MB_HINT_TRY_GOAL, "HINT_TRY_GOAL" }, \ { EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED, "DELALLOC_RESV" }, \ { EXT4_MB_STREAM_ALLOC, "STREAM_ALLOC" }, \ { EXT4_MB_USE_ROOT_BLOCKS, "USE_ROOT_BLKS" }, \ { EXT4_MB_USE_RESERVED, "USE_RESV" }, \ { EXT4_MB_STRICT_CHECK, "STRICT_CHECK" }) #define show_map_flags(flags) __print_flags(flags, "|", \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE, "CREATE" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT, "UNWRIT" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE, "DELALLOC" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO, "PRE_IO" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT, "CONVERT" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL, "METADATA_NOFAIL" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_NORMALIZE, "NO_NORMALIZE" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN, "CONVERT_UNWRITTEN" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_ZERO, "ZERO" }, \ { EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_SUBMIT, "IO_SUBMIT" }, \ { EXT4_EX_NOCACHE, "EX_NOCACHE" }) /* * __print_flags() requires that all enum values be wrapped in the * TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM macro so that the enum value can be encoded in the ftrace * ring buffer. */ TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(BH_New); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(BH_Mapped); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(BH_Unwritten); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(BH_Boundary); #define show_mflags(flags) __print_flags(flags, "", \ { EXT4_MAP_NEW, "N" }, \ { EXT4_MAP_MAPPED, "M" }, \ { EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN, "U" }, \ { EXT4_MAP_BOUNDARY, "B" }) #define show_free_flags(flags) __print_flags(flags, "|", \ { EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA, "METADATA" }, \ { EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET, "FORGET" }, \ { EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_VALIDATED, "VALIDATED" }, \ { EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NO_QUOT_UPDATE, "NO_QUOTA" }, \ { EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_FIRST_CLUSTER,"1ST_CLUSTER" },\ { EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_LAST_CLUSTER, "LAST_CLUSTER" }) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(ES_WRITTEN_B); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(ES_UNWRITTEN_B); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(ES_DELAYED_B); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(ES_HOLE_B); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(ES_REFERENCED_B); #define show_extent_status(status) __print_flags(status, "", \ { EXTENT_STATUS_WRITTEN, "W" }, \ { EXTENT_STATUS_UNWRITTEN, "U" }, \ { EXTENT_STATUS_DELAYED, "D" }, \ { EXTENT_STATUS_HOLE, "H" }, \ { EXTENT_STATUS_REFERENCED, "R" }) #define show_falloc_mode(mode) __print_flags(mode, "|", \ { FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE, "KEEP_SIZE"}, \ { FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE, "PUNCH_HOLE"}, \ { FALLOC_FL_NO_HIDE_STALE, "NO_HIDE_STALE"}, \ { FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE, "COLLAPSE_RANGE"}, \ { FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE, "ZERO_RANGE"}) #define show_fc_reason(reason) \ __print_symbolic(reason, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_XATTR, "XATTR"}, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_CROSS_RENAME, "CROSS_RENAME"}, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_JOURNAL_FLAG_CHANGE, "JOURNAL_FLAG_CHANGE"}, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_NOMEM, "NO_MEM"}, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_SWAP_BOOT, "SWAP_BOOT"}, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_RESIZE, "RESIZE"}, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_RENAME_DIR, "RENAME_DIR"}, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_FALLOC_RANGE, "FALLOC_RANGE"}, \ { EXT4_FC_REASON_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA, "INODE_JOURNAL_DATA"}) TRACE_EVENT(ext4_other_inode_update_time, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, ino_t orig_ino), TP_ARGS(inode, orig_ino), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( ino_t, orig_ino ) __field( uid_t, uid ) __field( gid_t, gid ) __field( __u16, mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->orig_ino = orig_ino; __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->uid = i_uid_read(inode); __entry->gid = i_gid_read(inode); __entry->mode = inode->i_mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d orig_ino %lu ino %lu mode 0%o uid %u gid %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->orig_ino, (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->mode, __entry->uid, __entry->gid) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_free_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( uid_t, uid ) __field( gid_t, gid ) __field( __u64, blocks ) __field( __u16, mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->uid = i_uid_read(inode); __entry->gid = i_gid_read(inode); __entry->blocks = inode->i_blocks; __entry->mode = inode->i_mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu mode 0%o uid %u gid %u blocks %llu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->mode, __entry->uid, __entry->gid, __entry->blocks) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_request_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *dir, int mode), TP_ARGS(dir, mode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, dir ) __field( __u16, mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dir->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->dir = dir->i_ino; __entry->mode = mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d dir %lu mode 0%o", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->dir, __entry->mode) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_allocate_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, int mode), TP_ARGS(inode, dir, mode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( ino_t, dir ) __field( __u16, mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->dir = dir->i_ino; __entry->mode = mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu dir %lu mode 0%o", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, (unsigned long) __entry->dir, __entry->mode) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_evict_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( int, nlink ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->nlink = inode->i_nlink; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu nlink %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->nlink) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_drop_inode, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, int drop), TP_ARGS(inode, drop), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( int, drop ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->drop = drop; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu drop %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->drop) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_nfs_commit_metadata, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode), TP_ARGS(inode), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_mark_inode_dirty, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(inode, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field(unsigned long, ip ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->ip = IP; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu caller %pS", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, (void *)__entry->ip) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_begin_ordered_truncate, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t new_size), TP_ARGS(inode, new_size), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( loff_t, new_size ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->new_size = new_size; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu new_size %lld", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->new_size) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ext4__write_begin, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned int len, unsigned int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, pos, len, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( loff_t, pos ) __field( unsigned int, len ) __field( unsigned int, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->pos = pos; __entry->len = len; __entry->flags = flags; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu pos %lld len %u flags %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->pos, __entry->len, __entry->flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__write_begin, ext4_write_begin, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned int len, unsigned int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, pos, len, flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__write_begin, ext4_da_write_begin, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned int len, unsigned int flags), TP_ARGS(inode, pos, len, flags) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ext4__write_end, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned int len, unsigned int copied), TP_ARGS(inode, pos, len, copied), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( loff_t, pos ) __field( unsigned int, len ) __field( unsigned int, copied ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->pos = pos; __entry->len = len; __entry->copied = copied; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu pos %lld len %u copied %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->pos, __entry->len, __entry->copied) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__write_end, ext4_write_end, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned int len, unsigned int copied), TP_ARGS(inode, pos, len, copied) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__write_end, ext4_journalled_write_end, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned int len, unsigned int copied), TP_ARGS(inode, pos, len, copied) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__write_end, ext4_da_write_end, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned int len, unsigned int copied), TP_ARGS(inode, pos, len, copied) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_writepages, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( long, nr_to_write ) __field( long, pages_skipped ) __field( loff_t, range_start ) __field( loff_t, range_end ) __field( pgoff_t, writeback_index ) __field( int, sync_mode ) __field( char, for_kupdate ) __field( char, range_cyclic ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->nr_to_write = wbc->nr_to_write; __entry->pages_skipped = wbc->pages_skipped; __entry->range_start = wbc->range_start; __entry->range_end = wbc->range_end; __entry->writeback_index = inode->i_mapping->writeback_index; __entry->sync_mode = wbc->sync_mode; __entry->for_kupdate = wbc->for_kupdate; __entry->range_cyclic = wbc->range_cyclic; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu nr_to_write %ld pages_skipped %ld " "range_start %lld range_end %lld sync_mode %d " "for_kupdate %d range_cyclic %d writeback_index %lu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->nr_to_write, __entry->pages_skipped, __entry->range_start, __entry->range_end, __entry->sync_mode, __entry->for_kupdate, __entry->range_cyclic, (unsigned long) __entry->writeback_index) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_da_write_pages, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t first_page, struct writeback_control *wbc), TP_ARGS(inode, first_page, wbc), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( pgoff_t, first_page ) __field( long, nr_to_write ) __field( int, sync_mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->first_page = first_page; __entry->nr_to_write = wbc->nr_to_write; __entry->sync_mode = wbc->sync_mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu first_page %lu nr_to_write %ld " "sync_mode %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->first_page, __entry->nr_to_write, __entry->sync_mode) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_da_write_pages_extent, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map), TP_ARGS(inode, map), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( __u64, lblk ) __field( __u32, len ) __field( __u32, flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->lblk = map->m_lblk; __entry->len = map->m_len; __entry->flags = map->m_flags; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu lblk %llu len %u flags %s", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->lblk, __entry->len, show_mflags(__entry->flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_writepages_result, TP_PROTO(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc, int ret, int pages_written), TP_ARGS(inode, wbc, ret, pages_written), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( int, ret ) __field( int, pages_written ) __field( long, pages_skipped ) __field( pgoff_t, writeback_index ) __field( int, sync_mode ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = inode->i_ino; __entry->ret = ret; __entry->pages_written = pages_written; __entry->pages_skipped = wbc->pages_skipped; __entry->writeback_index = inode->i_mapping->writeback_index; __entry->sync_mode = wbc->sync_mode; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu ret %d pages_written %d pages_skipped %ld " "sync_mode %d writeback_index %lu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->ret, __entry->pages_written, __entry->pages_skipped, __entry->sync_mode, (unsigned long) __entry->writeback_index) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ext4__page_op, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( pgoff_t, index ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = page->mapping->host->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = page->mapping->host->i_ino; __entry->index = page->index; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu page_index %lu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, (unsigned long) __entry->index) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__page_op, ext4_writepage, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__page_op, ext4_readpage, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__page_op, ext4_releasepage, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ext4_invalidatepage_op, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length), TP_ARGS(page, offset, length), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( pgoff_t, index ) __field( unsigned int, offset ) __field( unsigned int, length ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = page->mapping->host->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = page->mapping->host->i_ino; __entry->index = page->index; __entry->offset = offset; __entry->length = length; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu page_index %lu offset %u length %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, (unsigned long) __entry->index, __entry->offset, __entry->length) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4_invalidatepage_op, ext4_invalidatepage, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length), TP_ARGS(page, offset, length) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4_invalidatepage_op, ext4_journalled_invalidatepage, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length), TP_ARGS(page, offset, length) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_discard_blocks, TP_PROTO(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long long blk, unsigned long long count), TP_ARGS(sb, blk, count), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( __u64, blk ) __field( __u64, count ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = sb->s_dev; __entry->blk = blk; __entry->count = count; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d blk %llu count %llu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->blk, __entry->count) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ext4__mb_new_pa, TP_PROTO(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa), TP_ARGS(ac, pa), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( __u64, pa_pstart ) __field( __u64, pa_lstart ) __field( __u32, pa_len ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = ac->ac_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = ac->ac_inode->i_ino; __entry->pa_pstart = pa->pa_pstart; __entry->pa_lstart = pa->pa_lstart; __entry->pa_len = pa->pa_len; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu pstart %llu len %u lstart %llu", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino, __entry->pa_pstart, __entry->pa_len, __entry->pa_lstart) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__mb_new_pa, ext4_mb_new_inode_pa, TP_PROTO(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa), TP_ARGS(ac, pa) ); DEFINE_EVENT(ext4__mb_new_pa, ext4_mb_new_group_pa, TP_PROTO(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac, struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa), TP_ARGS(ac, pa) ); TRACE_EVENT(ext4_mb_release_inode_pa, TP_PROTO(struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa, unsigned long long block, unsigned int count), TP_ARGS(pa, block, count), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( ino_t, ino ) __field( __u64, block ) __field( __u32, count ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = pa->pa_inode->i_sb->s_dev; __entry->ino = pa->pa_inode->i_ino; __entry->block = block; __entry->count = count; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d ino %lu block %llu count %u", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), (unsigned long) __entry->ino,