1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* rwsem.h: R/W semaphores, public interface * * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com). * Derived from asm-i386/semaphore.h */ #ifndef _LINUX_RWSEM_H #define _LINUX_RWSEM_H #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/err.h> #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER #include <linux/osq_lock.h> #endif /* * For an uncontended rwsem, count and owner are the only fields a task * needs to touch when acquiring the rwsem. So they are put next to each * other to increase the chance that they will share the same cacheline. * * In a contended rwsem, the owner is likely the most frequently accessed * field in the structure as the optimistic waiter that holds the osq lock * will spin on owner. For an embedded rwsem, other hot fields in the * containing structure should be moved further away from the rwsem to * reduce the chance that they will share the same cacheline causing * cacheline bouncing problem. */ struct rw_semaphore { atomic_long_t count; /* * Write owner or one of the read owners as well flags regarding * the current state of the rwsem. Can be used as a speculative * check to see if the write owner is running on the cpu. */ atomic_long_t owner; #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER struct optimistic_spin_queue osq; /* spinner MCS lock */ #endif raw_spinlock_t wait_lock; struct list_head wait_list; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RWSEMS void *magic; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif }; /* In all implementations count != 0 means locked */ static inline int rwsem_is_locked(struct rw_semaphore *sem) { return atomic_long_read(&sem->count) != 0; } #define RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE 0L #define __RWSEM_COUNT_INIT(name) .count = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE) /* Common initializer macros and functions */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC # define __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) \ .dep_map = { \ .name = #lockname, \ .wait_type_inner = LD_WAIT_SLEEP, \ }, #else # define __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RWSEMS # define __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) .magic = &lockname, #else # define __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER #define __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(lockname) .osq = OSQ_LOCK_UNLOCKED, #else #define __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(lockname) #endif #define __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name) \ { __RWSEM_COUNT_INIT(name), \ .owner = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0), \ __RWSEM_OPT_INIT(name) \ .wait_lock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(name.wait_lock),\ .wait_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wait_list), \ __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT(name) \ __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(name) } #define DECLARE_RWSEM(name) \ struct rw_semaphore name = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name) extern void __init_rwsem(struct rw_semaphore *sem, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key); #define init_rwsem(sem) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ __init_rwsem((sem), #sem, &__key); \ } while (0) /* * This is the same regardless of which rwsem implementation that is being used. * It is just a heuristic meant to be called by somebody alreadying holding the * rwsem to see if somebody from an incompatible type is wanting access to the * lock. */ static inline int rwsem_is_contended(struct rw_semaphore *sem) { return !list_empty(&sem->wait_list); } /* * lock for reading */ extern void down_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_read_interruptible(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_read_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * trylock for reading -- returns 1 if successful, 0 if contention */ extern int down_read_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * lock for writing */ extern void down_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern int __must_check down_write_killable(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * trylock for writing -- returns 1 if successful, 0 if contention */ extern int down_write_trylock(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * release a read lock */ extern void up_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * release a write lock */ extern void up_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); /* * downgrade write lock to read lock */ extern void downgrade_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC /* * nested locking. NOTE: rwsems are not allowed to recurse * (which occurs if the same task tries to acquire the same * lock instance multiple times), but multiple locks of the * same lock class might be taken, if the order of the locks * is always the same. This ordering rule can be expressed * to lockdep via the _nested() APIs, but enumerating the * subclasses that are used. (If the nesting relationship is * static then another method for expressing nested locking is * the explicit definition of lock class keys and the use of * lockdep_set_class() at lock initialization time. * See Documentation/locking/lockdep-design.rst for more details.) */ extern void down_read_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern int __must_check down_read_killable_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern void down_write_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern int down_write_killable_nested(struct rw_semaphore *sem, int subclass); extern void _down_write_nest_lock(struct rw_semaphore *sem, struct lockdep_map *nest_lock); # define down_write_nest_lock(sem, nest_lock) \ do { \ typecheck(struct lockdep_map *, &(nest_lock)->dep_map); \ _down_write_nest_lock(sem, &(nest_lock)->dep_map); \ } while (0); /* * Take/release a lock when not the owner will release it. * * [ This API should be avoided as much as possible - the * proper abstraction for this case is completions. ] */ extern void down_read_non_owner(struct rw_semaphore *sem); extern void up_read_non_owner(struct rw_semaphore *sem); #else # define down_read_nested(sem, subclass) down_read(sem) # define down_read_killable_nested(sem, subclass) down_read_killable(sem) # define down_write_nest_lock(sem, nest_lock) down_write(sem) # define down_write_nested(sem, subclass) down_write(sem) # define down_write_killable_nested(sem, subclass) down_write_killable(sem) # define down_read_non_owner(sem) down_read(sem) # define up_read_non_owner(sem) up_read(sem) #endif #endif /* _LINUX_RWSEM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 /* * Copyright (c) 1982, 1986 Regents of the University of California. * All rights reserved. * * This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by * Robert Elz at The University of Melbourne. * * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions * are met: * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors * may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software * without specific prior written permission. * * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF * SUCH DAMAGE. */ #ifndef _LINUX_QUOTA_ #define _LINUX_QUOTA_ #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/dqblk_xfs.h> #include <linux/dqblk_v1.h> #include <linux/dqblk_v2.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/projid.h> #include <uapi/linux/quota.h> #undef USRQUOTA #undef GRPQUOTA #undef PRJQUOTA enum quota_type { USRQUOTA = 0, /* element used for user quotas */ GRPQUOTA = 1, /* element used for group quotas */ PRJQUOTA = 2, /* element used for project quotas */ }; /* Masks for quota types when used as a bitmask */ #define QTYPE_MASK_USR (1 << USRQUOTA) #define QTYPE_MASK_GRP (1 << GRPQUOTA) #define QTYPE_MASK_PRJ (1 << PRJQUOTA) typedef __kernel_uid32_t qid_t; /* Type in which we store ids in memory */ typedef long long qsize_t; /* Type in which we store sizes */ struct kqid { /* Type in which we store the quota identifier */ union { kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; kprojid_t projid; }; enum quota_type type; /* USRQUOTA (uid) or GRPQUOTA (gid) or PRJQUOTA (projid) */ }; extern bool qid_eq(struct kqid left, struct kqid right); extern bool qid_lt(struct kqid left, struct kqid right); extern qid_t from_kqid(struct user_namespace *to, struct kqid qid); extern qid_t from_kqid_munged(struct user_namespace *to, struct kqid qid); extern bool qid_valid(struct kqid qid); /** * make_kqid - Map a user-namespace, type, qid tuple into a kqid. * @from: User namespace that the qid is in * @type: The type of quota * @qid: Quota identifier * * Maps a user-namespace, type qid tuple into a kernel internal * kqid, and returns that kqid. * * When there is no mapping defined for the user-namespace, type, * qid tuple an invalid kqid is returned. Callers are expected to * test for and handle handle invalid kqids being returned. * Invalid kqids may be tested for using qid_valid(). */ static inline struct kqid make_kqid(struct user_namespace *from, enum quota_type type, qid_t qid) { struct kqid kqid; kqid.type = type; switch (type) { case USRQUOTA: kqid.uid = make_kuid(from, qid); break; case GRPQUOTA: kqid.gid = make_kgid(from, qid); break; case PRJQUOTA: kqid.projid = make_kprojid(from, qid); break; default: BUG(); } return kqid; } /** * make_kqid_invalid - Explicitly make an invalid kqid * @type: The type of quota identifier * * Returns an invalid kqid with the specified type. */ static inline struct kqid make_kqid_invalid(enum quota_type type) { struct kqid kqid; kqid.type = type; switch (type) { case USRQUOTA: kqid.uid = INVALID_UID; break; case GRPQUOTA: kqid.gid = INVALID_GID; break; case PRJQUOTA: kqid.projid = INVALID_PROJID; break; default: BUG(); } return kqid; } /** * make_kqid_uid - Make a kqid from a kuid * @uid: The kuid to make the quota identifier from */ static inline struct kqid make_kqid_uid(kuid_t uid) { struct kqid kqid; kqid.type = USRQUOTA; kqid.uid = uid; return kqid; } /** * make_kqid_gid - Make a kqid from a kgid * @gid: The kgid to make the quota identifier from */ static inline struct kqid make_kqid_gid(kgid_t gid) { struct kqid kqid; kqid.type = GRPQUOTA; kqid.gid = gid; return kqid; } /** * make_kqid_projid - Make a kqid from a projid * @projid: The kprojid to make the quota identifier from */ static inline struct kqid make_kqid_projid(kprojid_t projid) { struct kqid kqid; kqid.type = PRJQUOTA; kqid.projid = projid; return kqid; } /** * qid_has_mapping - Report if a qid maps into a user namespace. * @ns: The user namespace to see if a value maps into. * @qid: The kernel internal quota identifier to test. */ static inline bool qid_has_mapping(struct user_namespace *ns, struct kqid qid) { return from_kqid(ns, qid) != (qid_t) -1; } extern spinlock_t dq_data_lock; /* Maximal numbers of writes for quota operation (insert/delete/update) * (over VFS all formats) */ #define DQUOT_INIT_ALLOC max(V1_INIT_ALLOC, V2_INIT_ALLOC) #define DQUOT_INIT_REWRITE max(V1_INIT_REWRITE, V2_INIT_REWRITE) #define DQUOT_DEL_ALLOC max(V1_DEL_ALLOC, V2_DEL_ALLOC) #define DQUOT_DEL_REWRITE max(V1_DEL_REWRITE, V2_DEL_REWRITE) /* * Data for one user/group kept in memory */ struct mem_dqblk { qsize_t dqb_bhardlimit; /* absolute limit on disk blks alloc */ qsize_t dqb_bsoftlimit; /* preferred limit on disk blks */ qsize_t dqb_curspace; /* current used space */ qsize_t dqb_rsvspace; /* current reserved space for delalloc*/ qsize_t dqb_ihardlimit; /* absolute limit on allocated inodes */ qsize_t dqb_isoftlimit; /* preferred inode limit */ qsize_t dqb_curinodes; /* current # allocated inodes */ time64_t dqb_btime; /* time limit for excessive disk use */ time64_t dqb_itime; /* time limit for excessive inode use */ }; /* * Data for one quotafile kept in memory */ struct quota_format_type; struct mem_dqinfo { struct quota_format_type *dqi_format; int dqi_fmt_id; /* Id of the dqi_format - used when turning * quotas on after remount RW */ struct list_head dqi_dirty_list; /* List of dirty dquots [dq_list_lock] */ unsigned long dqi_flags; /* DFQ_ flags [dq_data_lock] */ unsigned int dqi_bgrace; /* Space grace time [dq_data_lock] */ unsigned int dqi_igrace; /* Inode grace time [dq_data_lock] */ qsize_t dqi_max_spc_limit; /* Maximum space limit [static] */ qsize_t dqi_max_ino_limit; /* Maximum inode limit [static] */ void *dqi_priv; }; struct super_block; /* Mask for flags passed to userspace */ #define DQF_GETINFO_MASK (DQF_ROOT_SQUASH | DQF_SYS_FILE) /* Mask for flags modifiable from userspace */ #define DQF_SETINFO_MASK DQF_ROOT_SQUASH enum { DQF_INFO_DIRTY_B = DQF_PRIVATE, }; #define DQF_INFO_DIRTY (1 << DQF_INFO_DIRTY_B) /* Is info dirty? */ extern void mark_info_dirty(struct super_block *sb, int type); static inline int info_dirty(struct mem_dqinfo *info) { return test_bit(DQF_INFO_DIRTY_B, &info->dqi_flags); } enum { DQST_LOOKUPS, DQST_DROPS, DQST_READS, DQST_WRITES, DQST_CACHE_HITS, DQST_ALLOC_DQUOTS, DQST_FREE_DQUOTS, DQST_SYNCS, _DQST_DQSTAT_LAST }; struct dqstats { unsigned long stat[_DQST_DQSTAT_LAST]; struct percpu_counter counter[_DQST_DQSTAT_LAST]; }; extern struct dqstats dqstats; static inline void dqstats_inc(unsigned int type) { percpu_counter_inc(&dqstats.counter[type]); } static inline void dqstats_dec(unsigned int type) { percpu_counter_dec(&dqstats.counter[type]); } #define DQ_MOD_B 0 /* dquot modified since read */ #define DQ_BLKS_B 1 /* uid/gid has been warned about blk limit */ #define DQ_INODES_B 2 /* uid/gid has been warned about inode limit */ #define DQ_FAKE_B 3 /* no limits only usage */ #define DQ_READ_B 4 /* dquot was read into memory */ #define DQ_ACTIVE_B 5 /* dquot is active (dquot_release not called) */ #define DQ_LASTSET_B 6 /* Following 6 bits (see QIF_) are reserved\ * for the mask of entries set via SETQUOTA\ * quotactl. They are set under dq_data_lock\ * and the quota format handling dquot can\ * clear them when it sees fit. */ struct dquot { struct hlist_node dq_hash; /* Hash list in memory [dq_list_lock] */ struct list_head dq_inuse; /* List of all quotas [dq_list_lock] */ struct list_head dq_free; /* Free list element [dq_list_lock] */ struct list_head dq_dirty; /* List of dirty dquots [dq_list_lock] */ struct mutex dq_lock; /* dquot IO lock */ spinlock_t dq_dqb_lock; /* Lock protecting dq_dqb changes */ atomic_t dq_count; /* Use count */ struct super_block *dq_sb; /* superblock this applies to */ struct kqid dq_id; /* ID this applies to (uid, gid, projid) */ loff_t dq_off; /* Offset of dquot on disk [dq_lock, stable once set] */ unsigned long dq_flags; /* See DQ_* */ struct mem_dqblk dq_dqb; /* Diskquota usage [dq_dqb_lock] */ }; /* Operations which must be implemented by each quota format */ struct quota_format_ops { int (*check_quota_file)(struct super_block *sb, int type); /* Detect whether file is in our format */ int (*read_file_info)(struct super_block *sb, int type); /* Read main info about file - called on quotaon() */ int (*write_file_info)(struct super_block *sb, int type); /* Write main info about file */ int (*free_file_info)(struct super_block *sb, int type); /* Called on quotaoff() */ int (*read_dqblk)(struct dquot *dquot); /* Read structure for one user */ int (*commit_dqblk)(struct dquot *dquot); /* Write structure for one user */ int (*release_dqblk)(struct dquot *dquot); /* Called when last reference to dquot is being dropped */ int (*get_next_id)(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *qid); /* Get next ID with existing structure in the quota file */ }; /* Operations working with dquots */ struct dquot_operations { int (*write_dquot) (struct dquot *); /* Ordinary dquot write */ struct dquot *(*alloc_dquot)(struct super_block *, int); /* Allocate memory for new dquot */ void (*destroy_dquot)(struct dquot *); /* Free memory for dquot */ int (*acquire_dquot) (struct dquot *); /* Quota is going to be created on disk */ int (*release_dquot) (struct dquot *); /* Quota is going to be deleted from disk */ int (*mark_dirty) (struct dquot *); /* Dquot is marked dirty */ int (*write_info) (struct super_block *, int); /* Write of quota "superblock" */ /* get reserved quota for delayed alloc, value returned is managed by * quota code only */ qsize_t *(*get_reserved_space) (struct inode *); int (*get_projid) (struct inode *, kprojid_t *);/* Get project ID */ /* Get number of inodes that were charged for a given inode */ int (*get_inode_usage) (struct inode *, qsize_t *); /* Get next ID with active quota structure */ int (*get_next_id) (struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *qid); }; struct path; /* Structure for communicating via ->get_dqblk() & ->set_dqblk() */ struct qc_dqblk { int d_fieldmask; /* mask of fields to change in ->set_dqblk() */ u64 d_spc_hardlimit; /* absolute limit on used space */ u64 d_spc_softlimit; /* preferred limit on used space */ u64 d_ino_hardlimit; /* maximum # allocated inodes */ u64 d_ino_softlimit; /* preferred inode limit */ u64 d_space; /* Space owned by the user */ u64 d_ino_count; /* # inodes owned by the user */ s64 d_ino_timer; /* zero if within inode limits */ /* if not, we refuse service */ s64 d_spc_timer; /* similar to above; for space */ int d_ino_warns; /* # warnings issued wrt num inodes */ int d_spc_warns; /* # warnings issued wrt used space */ u64 d_rt_spc_hardlimit; /* absolute limit on realtime space */ u64 d_rt_spc_softlimit; /* preferred limit on RT space */ u64 d_rt_space; /* realtime space owned */ s64 d_rt_spc_timer; /* similar to above; for RT space */ int d_rt_spc_warns; /* # warnings issued wrt RT space */ }; /* * Field specifiers for ->set_dqblk() in struct qc_dqblk and also for * ->set_info() in struct qc_info */ #define QC_INO_SOFT (1<<0) #define QC_INO_HARD (1<<1) #define QC_SPC_SOFT (1<<2) #define QC_SPC_HARD (1<<3) #define QC_RT_SPC_SOFT (1<<4) #define QC_RT_SPC_HARD (1<<5) #define QC_LIMIT_MASK (QC_INO_SOFT | QC_INO_HARD | QC_SPC_SOFT | QC_SPC_HARD | \ QC_RT_SPC_SOFT | QC_RT_SPC_HARD) #define QC_SPC_TIMER (1<<6) #define QC_INO_TIMER (1<<7) #define QC_RT_SPC_TIMER (1<<8) #define QC_TIMER_MASK (QC_SPC_TIMER | QC_INO_TIMER | QC_RT_SPC_TIMER) #define QC_SPC_WARNS (1<<9) #define QC_INO_WARNS (1<<10) #define QC_RT_SPC_WARNS (1<<11) #define QC_WARNS_MASK (QC_SPC_WARNS | QC_INO_WARNS | QC_RT_SPC_WARNS) #define QC_SPACE (1<<12) #define QC_INO_COUNT (1<<13) #define QC_RT_SPACE (1<<14) #define QC_ACCT_MASK (QC_SPACE | QC_INO_COUNT | QC_RT_SPACE) #define QC_FLAGS (1<<15) #define QCI_SYSFILE (1 << 0) /* Quota file is hidden from userspace */ #define QCI_ROOT_SQUASH (1 << 1) /* Root squash turned on */ #define QCI_ACCT_ENABLED (1 << 2) /* Quota accounting enabled */ #define QCI_LIMITS_ENFORCED (1 << 3) /* Quota limits enforced */ /* Structures for communicating via ->get_state */ struct qc_type_state { unsigned int flags; /* Flags QCI_* */ unsigned int spc_timelimit; /* Time after which space softlimit is * enforced */ unsigned int ino_timelimit; /* Ditto for inode softlimit */ unsigned int rt_spc_timelimit; /* Ditto for real-time space */ unsigned int spc_warnlimit; /* Limit for number of space warnings */ unsigned int ino_warnlimit; /* Ditto for inodes */ unsigned int rt_spc_warnlimit; /* Ditto for real-time space */ unsigned long long ino; /* Inode number of quota file */ blkcnt_t blocks; /* Number of 512-byte blocks in the file */ blkcnt_t nextents; /* Number of extents in the file */ }; struct qc_state { unsigned int s_incoredqs; /* Number of dquots in core */ struct qc_type_state s_state[MAXQUOTAS]; /* Per quota type information */ }; /* Structure for communicating via ->set_info */ struct qc_info { int i_fieldmask; /* mask of fields to change in ->set_info() */ unsigned int i_flags; /* Flags QCI_* */ unsigned int i_spc_timelimit; /* Time after which space softlimit is * enforced */ unsigned int i_ino_timelimit; /* Ditto for inode softlimit */ unsigned int i_rt_spc_timelimit;/* Ditto for real-time space */ unsigned int i_spc_warnlimit; /* Limit for number of space warnings */ unsigned int i_ino_warnlimit; /* Limit for number of inode warnings */ unsigned int i_rt_spc_warnlimit; /* Ditto for real-time space */ }; /* Operations handling requests from userspace */ struct quotactl_ops { int (*quota_on)(struct super_block *, int, int, const struct path *); int (*quota_off)(struct super_block *, int); int (*quota_enable)(struct super_block *, unsigned int); int (*quota_disable)(struct super_block *, unsigned int); int (*quota_sync)(struct super_block *, int); int (*set_info)(struct super_block *, int, struct qc_info *); int (*get_dqblk)(struct super_block *, struct kqid, struct qc_dqblk *); int (*get_nextdqblk)(struct super_block *, struct kqid *, struct qc_dqblk *); int (*set_dqblk)(struct super_block *, struct kqid, struct qc_dqblk *); int (*get_state)(struct super_block *, struct qc_state *); int (*rm_xquota)(struct super_block *, unsigned int); }; struct quota_format_type { int qf_fmt_id; /* Quota format id */ const struct quota_format_ops *qf_ops; /* Operations of format */ struct module *qf_owner; /* Module implementing quota format */ struct quota_format_type *qf_next; }; /** * Quota state flags - they actually come in two flavors - for users and groups. * * Actual typed flags layout: * USRQUOTA GRPQUOTA * DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED 0x0001 0x0002 * DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED 0x0004 0x0008 * DQUOT_SUSPENDED 0x0010 0x0020 * * Following bits are used for non-typed flags: * DQUOT_QUOTA_SYS_FILE 0x0040 * DQUOT_NEGATIVE_USAGE 0x0080 */ enum { _DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED = 0, /* Track disk usage for users */ _DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED, /* Enforce quota limits for users */ _DQUOT_SUSPENDED, /* User diskquotas are off, but * we have necessary info in * memory to turn them on */ _DQUOT_STATE_FLAGS }; #define DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED (1 << _DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED * MAXQUOTAS) #define DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED (1 << _DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED * MAXQUOTAS) #define DQUOT_SUSPENDED (1 << _DQUOT_SUSPENDED * MAXQUOTAS) #define DQUOT_STATE_FLAGS (DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED | DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED | \ DQUOT_SUSPENDED) /* Other quota flags */ #define DQUOT_STATE_LAST (_DQUOT_STATE_FLAGS * MAXQUOTAS) #define DQUOT_QUOTA_SYS_FILE (1 << DQUOT_STATE_LAST) /* Quota file is a special * system file and user cannot * touch it. Filesystem is * responsible for setting * S_NOQUOTA, S_NOATIME flags */ #define DQUOT_NEGATIVE_USAGE (1 << (DQUOT_STATE_LAST + 1)) /* Allow negative quota usage */ /* Do not track dirty dquots in a list */ #define DQUOT_NOLIST_DIRTY (1 << (DQUOT_STATE_LAST + 2)) static inline unsigned int dquot_state_flag(unsigned int flags, int type) { return flags << type; } static inline unsigned int dquot_generic_flag(unsigned int flags, int type) { return (flags >> type) & DQUOT_STATE_FLAGS; } /* Bitmap of quota types where flag is set in flags */ static __always_inline unsigned dquot_state_types(unsigned flags, unsigned flag) { BUILD_BUG_ON_NOT_POWER_OF_2(flag); return (flags / flag) & ((1 << MAXQUOTAS) - 1); } #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA_NETLINK_INTERFACE extern void quota_send_warning(struct kqid qid, dev_t dev, const char warntype); #else static inline void quota_send_warning(struct kqid qid, dev_t dev, const char warntype) { return; } #endif /* CONFIG_QUOTA_NETLINK_INTERFACE */ struct quota_info { unsigned int flags; /* Flags for diskquotas on this device */ struct rw_semaphore dqio_sem; /* Lock quota file while I/O in progress */ struct inode *files[MAXQUOTAS]; /* inodes of quotafiles */ struct mem_dqinfo info[MAXQUOTAS]; /* Information for each quota type */ const struct quota_format_ops *ops[MAXQUOTAS]; /* Operations for each type */ }; int register_quota_format(struct quota_format_type *fmt); void unregister_quota_format(struct quota_format_type *fmt); struct quota_module_name { int qm_fmt_id; char *qm_mod_name; }; #define INIT_QUOTA_MODULE_NAMES {\ {QFMT_VFS_OLD, "quota_v1"},\ {QFMT_VFS_V0, "quota_v2"},\ {QFMT_VFS_V1, "quota_v2"},\ {0, NULL}} #endif /* _QUOTA_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/exportfs.h> #include <linux/iso_fs.h> #include <asm/unaligned.h> enum isofs_file_format { isofs_file_normal = 0, isofs_file_sparse = 1, isofs_file_compressed = 2, }; /* * iso fs inode data in memory */ struct iso_inode_info { unsigned long i_iget5_block; unsigned long i_iget5_offset; unsigned int i_first_extent; unsigned char i_file_format; unsigned char i_format_parm[3]; unsigned long i_next_section_block; unsigned long i_next_section_offset; off_t i_section_size; struct inode vfs_inode; }; /* * iso9660 super-block data in memory */ struct isofs_sb_info { unsigned long s_ninodes; unsigned long s_nzones; unsigned long s_firstdatazone; unsigned long s_log_zone_size; unsigned long s_max_size; int s_rock_offset; /* offset of SUSP fields within SU area */ s32 s_sbsector; unsigned char s_joliet_level; unsigned char s_mapping; unsigned char s_check; unsigned char s_session; unsigned int s_high_sierra:1; unsigned int s_rock:2; unsigned int s_cruft:1; /* Broken disks with high byte of length * containing junk */ unsigned int s_nocompress:1; unsigned int s_hide:1; unsigned int s_showassoc:1; unsigned int s_overriderockperm:1; unsigned int s_uid_set:1; unsigned int s_gid_set:1; umode_t s_fmode; umode_t s_dmode; kgid_t s_gid; kuid_t s_uid; struct nls_table *s_nls_iocharset; /* Native language support table */ }; #define ISOFS_INVALID_MODE ((umode_t) -1) static inline struct isofs_sb_info *ISOFS_SB(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } static inline struct iso_inode_info *ISOFS_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct iso_inode_info, vfs_inode); } static inline int isonum_711(u8 *p) { return *p; } static inline int isonum_712(s8 *p) { return *p; } static inline unsigned int isonum_721(u8 *p) { return get_unaligned_le16(p); } static inline unsigned int isonum_722(u8 *p) { return get_unaligned_be16(p); } static inline unsigned int isonum_723(u8 *p) { /* Ignore bigendian datum due to broken mastering programs */ return get_unaligned_le16(p); } static inline unsigned int isonum_731(u8 *p) { return get_unaligned_le32(p); } static inline unsigned int isonum_732(u8 *p) { return get_unaligned_be32(p); } static inline unsigned int isonum_733(u8 *p) { /* Ignore bigendian datum due to broken mastering programs */ return get_unaligned_le32(p); } extern int iso_date(u8 *, int); struct inode; /* To make gcc happy */ extern int parse_rock_ridge_inode(struct iso_directory_record *, struct inode *, int relocated); extern int get_rock_ridge_filename(struct iso_directory_record *, char *, struct inode *); extern int isofs_name_translate(struct iso_directory_record *, char *, struct inode *); int get_joliet_filename(struct iso_directory_record *, unsigned char *, struct inode *); int get_acorn_filename(struct iso_directory_record *, char *, struct inode *); extern struct dentry *isofs_lookup(struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int flags); extern struct buffer_head *isofs_bread(struct inode *, sector_t); extern int isofs_get_blocks(struct inode *, sector_t, struct buffer_head **, unsigned long); struct inode *__isofs_iget(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long block, unsigned long offset, int relocated); static inline struct inode *isofs_iget(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long block, unsigned long offset) { return __isofs_iget(sb, block, offset, 0); } static inline struct inode *isofs_iget_reloc(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long block, unsigned long offset) { return __isofs_iget(sb, block, offset, 1); } /* Because the inode number is no longer relevant to finding the * underlying meta-data for an inode, we are free to choose a more * convenient 32-bit number as the inode number. The inode numbering * scheme was recommended by Sergey Vlasov and Eric Lammerts. */ static inline unsigned long isofs_get_ino(unsigned long block, unsigned long offset, unsigned long bufbits) { return (block << (bufbits - 5)) | (offset >> 5); } /* Every directory can have many redundant directory entries scattered * throughout the directory tree. First there is the directory entry * with the name of the directory stored in the parent directory. * Then, there is the "." directory entry stored in the directory * itself. Finally, there are possibly many ".." directory entries * stored in all the subdirectories. * * In order for the NFS get_parent() method to work and for the * general consistency of the dcache, we need to make sure the * "i_iget5_block" and "i_iget5_offset" all point to exactly one of * the many redundant entries for each directory. We normalize the * block and offset by always making them point to the "." directory. * * Notice that we do not use the entry for the directory with the name * that is located in the parent directory. Even though choosing this * first directory is more natural, it is much easier to find the "." * entry in the NFS get_parent() method because it is implicitly * encoded in the "extent + ext_attr_length" fields of _all_ the * redundant entries for the directory. Thus, it can always be * reached regardless of which directory entry you have in hand. * * This works because the "." entry is simply the first directory * record when you start reading the file that holds all the directory * records, and this file starts at "extent + ext_attr_length" blocks. * Because the "." entry is always the first entry listed in the * directories file, the normalized "offset" value is always 0. * * You should pass the directory entry in "de". On return, "block" * and "offset" will hold normalized values. Only directories are * affected making it safe to call even for non-directory file * types. */ static inline void isofs_normalize_block_and_offset(struct iso_directory_record* de, unsigned long *block, unsigned long *offset) { /* Only directories are normalized. */ if (de->flags[0] & 2) { *offset = 0; *block = (unsigned long)isonum_733(de->extent) + (unsigned long)isonum_711(de->ext_attr_length); } } extern const struct inode_operations isofs_dir_inode_operations; extern const struct file_operations isofs_dir_operations; extern const struct address_space_operations isofs_symlink_aops; extern const struct export_operations isofs_export_ops;
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * AEAD: Authenticated Encryption with Associated Data * * Copyright (c) 2007-2015 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_AEAD_H #define _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_AEAD_H #include <crypto/aead.h> #include <crypto/algapi.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/types.h> struct rtattr; struct aead_instance { void (*free)(struct aead_instance *inst); union { struct { char head[offsetof(struct aead_alg, base)]; struct crypto_instance base; } s; struct aead_alg alg; }; }; struct crypto_aead_spawn { struct crypto_spawn base; }; struct aead_queue { struct crypto_queue base; }; static inline void *crypto_aead_ctx(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_ctx(&tfm->base); } static inline struct crypto_instance *aead_crypto_instance( struct aead_instance *inst) { return container_of(&inst->alg.base, struct crypto_instance, alg); } static inline struct aead_instance *aead_instance(struct crypto_instance *inst) { return container_of(&inst->alg, struct aead_instance, alg.base); } static inline struct aead_instance *aead_alg_instance(struct crypto_aead *aead) { return aead_instance(crypto_tfm_alg_instance(&aead->base)); } static inline void *aead_instance_ctx(struct aead_instance *inst) { return crypto_instance_ctx(aead_crypto_instance(inst)); } static inline void *aead_request_ctx(struct aead_request *req) { return req->__ctx; } static inline void aead_request_complete(struct aead_request *req, int err) { req->base.complete(&req->base, err); } static inline u32 aead_request_flags(struct aead_request *req) { return req->base.flags; } static inline struct aead_request *aead_request_cast( struct crypto_async_request *req) { return container_of(req, struct aead_request, base); } int crypto_grab_aead(struct crypto_aead_spawn *spawn, struct crypto_instance *inst, const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline void crypto_drop_aead(struct crypto_aead_spawn *spawn) { crypto_drop_spawn(&spawn->base); } static inline struct aead_alg *crypto_spawn_aead_alg( struct crypto_aead_spawn *spawn) { return container_of(spawn->base.alg, struct aead_alg, base); } static inline struct crypto_aead *crypto_spawn_aead( struct crypto_aead_spawn *spawn) { return crypto_spawn_tfm2(&spawn->base); } static inline void crypto_aead_set_reqsize(struct crypto_aead *aead, unsigned int reqsize) { aead->reqsize = reqsize; } static inline void aead_init_queue(struct aead_queue *queue, unsigned int max_qlen) { crypto_init_queue(&queue->base, max_qlen); } static inline int aead_enqueue_request(struct aead_queue *queue, struct aead_request *request) { return crypto_enqueue_request(&queue->base, &request->base); } static inline struct aead_request *aead_dequeue_request( struct aead_queue *queue) { struct crypto_async_request *req; req = crypto_dequeue_request(&queue->base); return req ? container_of(req, struct aead_request, base) : NULL; } static inline struct aead_request *aead_get_backlog(struct aead_queue *queue) { struct crypto_async_request *req; req = crypto_get_backlog(&queue->base); return req ? container_of(req, struct aead_request, base) : NULL; } static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_alg_chunksize(struct aead_alg *alg) { return alg->chunksize; } /** * crypto_aead_chunksize() - obtain chunk size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size is set to one for ciphers such as CCM. However, * you still need to provide incremental updates in multiples of * the underlying block size as the IV does not have sub-block * granularity. This is known in this API as the chunk size. * * Return: chunk size in bytes */ static inline unsigned int crypto_aead_chunksize(struct crypto_aead *tfm) { return crypto_aead_alg_chunksize(crypto_aead_alg(tfm)); } int crypto_register_aead(struct aead_alg *alg); void crypto_unregister_aead(struct aead_alg *alg); int crypto_register_aeads(struct aead_alg *algs, int count); void crypto_unregister_aeads(struct aead_alg *algs, int count); int aead_register_instance(struct crypto_template *tmpl, struct aead_instance *inst); #endif /* _CRYPTO_INTERNAL_AEAD_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PID_H #define _LINUX_PID_H #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> enum pid_type { PIDTYPE_PID, PIDTYPE_TGID, PIDTYPE_PGID, PIDTYPE_SID, PIDTYPE_MAX, }; /* * What is struct pid? * * A struct pid is the kernel's internal notion of a process identifier. * It refers to individual tasks, process groups, and sessions. While * there are processes attached to it the struct pid lives in a hash * table, so it and then the processes that it refers to can be found * quickly from the numeric pid value. The attached processes may be * quickly accessed by following pointers from struct pid. * * Storing pid_t values in the kernel and referring to them later has a * problem. The process originally with that pid may have exited and the * pid allocator wrapped, and another process could have come along * and been assigned that pid. * * Referring to user space processes by holding a reference to struct * task_struct has a problem. When the user space process exits * the now useless task_struct is still kept. A task_struct plus a * stack consumes around 10K of low kernel memory. More precisely * this is THREAD_SIZE + sizeof(struct task_struct). By comparison * a struct pid is about 64 bytes. * * Holding a reference to struct pid solves both of these problems. * It is small so holding a reference does not consume a lot of * resources, and since a new struct pid is allocated when the numeric pid * value is reused (when pids wrap around) we don't mistakenly refer to new * processes. */ /* * struct upid is used to get the id of the struct pid, as it is * seen in particular namespace. Later the struct pid is found with * find_pid_ns() using the int nr and struct pid_namespace *ns. */ struct upid { int nr; struct pid_namespace *ns; }; struct pid { refcount_t count; unsigned int level; spinlock_t lock; /* lists of tasks that use this pid */ struct hlist_head tasks[PIDTYPE_MAX]; struct hlist_head inodes; /* wait queue for pidfd notifications */ wait_queue_head_t wait_pidfd; struct rcu_head rcu; struct upid numbers[1]; }; extern struct pid init_struct_pid; extern const struct file_operations pidfd_fops; struct file; extern struct pid *pidfd_pid(const struct file *file); struct pid *pidfd_get_pid(unsigned int fd, unsigned int *flags); static inline struct pid *get_pid(struct pid *pid) { if (pid) refcount_inc(&pid->count); return pid; } extern void put_pid(struct pid *pid); extern struct task_struct *pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type); static inline bool pid_has_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type type) { return !hlist_empty(&pid->tasks[type]); } extern struct task_struct *get_pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type); extern struct pid *get_task_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type); /* * these helpers must be called with the tasklist_lock write-held. */ extern void attach_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type); extern void detach_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type); extern void change_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type, struct pid *pid); extern void exchange_tids(struct task_struct *task, struct task_struct *old); extern void transfer_pid(struct task_struct *old, struct task_struct *new, enum pid_type); struct pid_namespace; extern struct pid_namespace init_pid_ns; extern int pid_max; extern int pid_max_min, pid_max_max; /* * look up a PID in the hash table. Must be called with the tasklist_lock * or rcu_read_lock() held. * * find_pid_ns() finds the pid in the namespace specified * find_vpid() finds the pid by its virtual id, i.e. in the current namespace * * see also find_task_by_vpid() set in include/linux/sched.h */ extern struct pid *find_pid_ns(int nr, struct pid_namespace *ns); extern struct pid *find_vpid(int nr); /* * Lookup a PID in the hash table, and return with it's count elevated. */ extern struct pid *find_get_pid(int nr); extern struct pid *find_ge_pid(int nr, struct pid_namespace *); extern struct pid *alloc_pid(struct pid_namespace *ns, pid_t *set_tid, size_t set_tid_size); extern void free_pid(struct pid *pid); extern void disable_pid_allocation(struct pid_namespace *ns); /* * ns_of_pid() returns the pid namespace in which the specified pid was * allocated. * * NOTE: * ns_of_pid() is expected to be called for a process (task) that has * an attached 'struct pid' (see attach_pid(), detach_pid()) i.e @pid * is expected to be non-NULL. If @pid is NULL, caller should handle * the resulting NULL pid-ns. */ static inline struct pid_namespace *ns_of_pid(struct pid *pid) { struct pid_namespace *ns = NULL; if (pid) ns = pid->numbers[pid->level].ns; return ns; } /* * is_child_reaper returns true if the pid is the init process * of the current namespace. As this one could be checked before * pid_ns->child_reaper is assigned in copy_process, we check * with the pid number. */ static inline bool is_child_reaper(struct pid *pid) { return pid->numbers[pid->level].nr == 1; } /* * the helpers to get the pid's id seen from different namespaces * * pid_nr() : global id, i.e. the id seen from the init namespace; * pid_vnr() : virtual id, i.e. the id seen from the pid namespace of * current. * pid_nr_ns() : id seen from the ns specified. * * see also task_xid_nr() etc in include/linux/sched.h */ static inline pid_t pid_nr(struct pid *pid) { pid_t nr = 0; if (pid) nr = pid->numbers[0].nr; return nr; } pid_t pid_nr_ns(struct pid *pid, struct pid_namespace *ns); pid_t pid_vnr(struct pid *pid); #define do_each_pid_task(pid, type, task) \ do { \ if ((pid) != NULL) \ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu((task), \ &(pid)->tasks[type], pid_links[type]) { /* * Both old and new leaders may be attached to * the same pid in the middle of de_thread(). */ #define while_each_pid_task(pid, type, task) \ if (type == PIDTYPE_PID) \ break; \ } \ } while (0) #define do_each_pid_thread(pid, type, task) \ do_each_pid_task(pid, type, task) { \ struct task_struct *tg___ = task; \ for_each_thread(tg___, task) { #define while_each_pid_thread(pid, type, task) \ } \ task = tg___; \ } while_each_pid_task(pid, type, task) #endif /* _LINUX_PID_H */
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5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 5308 5309 5310 5311 5312 5313 5314 5315 5316 5317 5318 5319 5320 5321 5322 5323 5324 5325 5326 5327 5328 5329 5330 5331 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } /* Whether we should zap all COWed (private) pages too */ static inline bool should_zap_cows(struct zap_details *details) { /* By default, zap all pages */ if (!details) return true; /* Or, we zap COWed pages only if the caller wants to */ return !details->check_mapping; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) { /* Genuine swap entry, hence a private anon page */ if (!should_zap_cows(details)) continue; rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); if (details && details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, range.end, details); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, range.end); } /** * zap_vma_ptes - remove ptes mapping the vma * @vma: vm_area_struct holding ptes to be zapped * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * This function only unmaps ptes assigned to VM_PFNMAP vmas. * * The entire address range must be fully contained within the vma. * */ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { if (address < vma->vm_start || address + size > vma->vm_end || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) return; zap_page_range_single(vma, address, size, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zap_vma_ptes); static pmd_t *walk_to_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return NULL; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); return pmd; } pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pmd_t *pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl); } static int validate_page_before_insert(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page) || PageSlab(page) || page_has_type(page)) return -EINVAL; flush_dcache_page(page); return 0; } static int insert_page_into_pte_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { if (!pte_none(*pte)) return -EBUSY; /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ get_page(page); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); return 0; } /* * This is the old fallback for page remapping. * * For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only * old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their * pages reserved for the old functions anyway. */ static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; int retval; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; retval = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (retval) goto out; retval = -ENOMEM; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) goto out; retval = insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); out: return retval; } #ifdef pte_index static int insert_page_in_batch_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { int err; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; err = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (err) return err; return insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); } /* insert_pages() amortizes the cost of spinlock operations * when inserting pages in a loop. Arch *must* define pte_index. */ static int insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pte_t *start_pte, *pte; spinlock_t *pte_lock; struct mm_struct *const mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long curr_page_idx = 0; unsigned long remaining_pages_total = *num; unsigned long pages_to_write_in_pmd; int ret; more: ret = -EFAULT; pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) goto out; pages_to_write_in_pmd = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_pages_total, PTRS_PER_PTE - pte_index(addr)); /* Allocate the PTE if necessary; takes PMD lock once only. */ ret = -ENOMEM; if (pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) goto out; while (pages_to_write_in_pmd) { int pte_idx = 0; const int batch_size = min_t(int, pages_to_write_in_pmd, 8); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &pte_lock); for (pte = start_pte; pte_idx < batch_size; ++pte, ++pte_idx) { int err = insert_page_in_batch_locked(mm, pte, addr, pages[curr_page_idx], prot); if (unlikely(err)) { pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); ret = err; remaining_pages_total -= pte_idx; goto out; } addr += PAGE_SIZE; ++curr_page_idx; } pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); pages_to_write_in_pmd -= batch_size; remaining_pages_total -= batch_size; } if (remaining_pages_total) goto more; ret = 0; out: *num = remaining_pages_total; return ret; } #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ /** * vm_insert_pages - insert multiple pages into user vma, batching the pmd lock. * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target start user address of these pages * @pages: source kernel pages * @num: in: number of pages to map. out: number of pages that were *not* * mapped. (0 means all pages were successfully mapped). * * Preferred over vm_insert_page() when inserting multiple pages. * * In case of error, we may have mapped a subset of the provided * pages. It is the caller's responsibility to account for this case. * * The same restrictions apply as in vm_insert_page(). */ int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num) { #ifdef pte_index const unsigned long end_addr = addr + (*num * PAGE_SIZE) - 1; if (addr < vma->vm_start || end_addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } /* Defer page refcount checking till we're about to map that page. */ return insert_pages(vma, addr, pages, num, vma->vm_page_prot); #else unsigned long idx = 0, pgcount = *num; int err = -EINVAL; for (; idx < pgcount; ++idx) { err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr + (PAGE_SIZE * idx), pages[idx]); if (err) break; } *num = pgcount - idx; return err; #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pages); /** * vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @page: source kernel page * * This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated * into a user vma. * * The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation. * If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as * such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself * (see split_page()). * * NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which * took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow * that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which * means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better * ask for a shared writable mapping! * * The page does not need to be reserved. * * Usually this function is called from f_op->mmap() handler * under mm->mmap_lock write-lock, so it can change vma->vm_flags. * Caller must set VM_MIXEDMAP on vma if it wants to call this * function from other places, for example from page-fault handler. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page); /* * __vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * @offset: user's requested vm_pgoff * * This allows drivers to map range of kernel pages into a user vma. * * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ static int __vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num, unsigned long offset) { unsigned long count = vma_pages(vma); unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start; int ret, i; /* Fail if the user requested offset is beyond the end of the object */ if (offset >= num) return -ENXIO; /* Fail if the user requested size exceeds available object size */ if (count > num - offset) return -ENXIO; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, pages[offset + i]); if (ret < 0) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } return 0; } /** * vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages starts with non zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Maps an object consisting of @num pages, catering for the user's * requested vm_pgoff * * If we fail to insert any page into the vma, the function will return * immediately leaving any previously inserted pages present. Callers * from the mmap handler may immediately return the error as their caller * will destroy the vma, removing any successfully inserted pages. Other * callers should make their own arrangements for calling unmap_region(). * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, vma->vm_pgoff); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages); /** * vm_map_pages_zero - map range of kernel pages starts with zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Similar to vm_map_pages(), except that it explicitly sets the offset * to 0. This function is intended for the drivers that did not consider * vm_pgoff. * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages_zero); static vm_fault_t insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pte_t *pte, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (!pte_none(*pte)) { if (mkwrite) { /* * For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed * in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the * mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite * case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared * mapping and we expect the PFNs to match. If they * don't match, we are likely racing with block * allocation and mapping invalidation so just skip the * update. */ if (pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte))); goto out_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(*pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); } goto out_unlock; } /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); else entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); if (mkwrite) { entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */ out_unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_pfn_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_pfn(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * This only makes sense for IO mappings, and it makes no sense for * COW mappings. In general, using multiple vmas is preferable; * vmf_insert_pfn_prot should only be used if using multiple VMAs is * impractical. * * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for a discussion of the implication of using * a value of @pgprot different from that of @vma->vm_page_prot. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { /* * Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these * restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like * consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should * try to keep these invariants in place for everybody. */ BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) == (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV)); return insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn_prot); /** * vmf_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * * Similar to vm_insert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages * they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply. * * This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and * in that case the handler should return the result of this function. * * vma cannot be a COW mapping. * * As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we * do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn) { return vmf_insert_pfn_prot(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn); static bool vm_mixed_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pfn_t pfn) { /* these checks mirror the abort conditions in vm_normal_page */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) return true; if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) return true; if (pfn_t_special(pfn)) return true; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn))) return true; return false; } static vm_fault_t __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool mkwrite) { int err; BUG_ON(!vm_mixed_ok(vma, pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid() * based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must* * refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather * than insert_pfn). If a zero_pfn were inserted into a VM_MIXEDMAP * without pte special, it would there be refcounted as a normal page. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL) && !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn)) { struct page *page; /* * At this point we are committed to insert_page() * regardless of whether the caller specified flags that * result in pfn_t_has_page() == false. */ page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)); err = insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot); } else { return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite); } if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_mixed_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_mixed(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * Typically this function should be used by drivers to set caching- and * encryption bits different than those of @vma->vm_page_prot, because * the caching- or encryption mode may not be known at mmap() time. * This is ok as long as @vma->vm_page_prot is not used by the core vm * to set caching and encryption bits for those vmas (except for COW pages). * This is ensured by core vm only modifying these page table entries using * functions that don't touch caching- or encryption bits, using pte_modify() * if needed. (See for example mprotect()). * Also when new page-table entries are created, this is only done using the * fault() callback, and never using the value of vma->vm_page_prot, * except for page-table entries that point to anonymous pages as the result * of COW. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_prot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed); /* * If the insertion of PTE failed because someone else already added a * different entry in the mean time, we treat that as success as we assume * the same entry was actually inserted. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite); /* * maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old * mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results * in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access") */ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int err = 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte)); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) { err = -EACCES; break; } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot))); pfn++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); return err; } static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target page aligned user address to start at * @pfn: page frame number of kernel physical memory address * @size: size of mapping area * @prot: page protection flags for this mapping * * Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size); struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long remap_pfn = pfn; int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr))) return -EINVAL; /* * Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the * rest of the world about it: * VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages * (accesses can have side effects). * VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just * raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated * with them. * VM_DONTEXPAND * Disable vma merging and expanding with mremap(). * VM_DONTDUMP * Omit vma from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off. * * There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write * behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original" * un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff". * See vm_normal_page() for details. */ if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) { if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_pgoff = pfn; } err = track_pfn_remap(vma, &prot, remap_pfn, addr, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); if (err) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (err) untrack_pfn(vma, remap_pfn, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range); /** * vm_iomap_memory - remap memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @start: start of the physical memory to be mapped * @len: size of area * * This is a simplified io_remap_pfn_range() for common driver use. The * driver just needs to give us the physical memory range to be mapped, * we'll figure out the rest from the vma information. * * NOTE! Some drivers might want to tweak vma->vm_page_prot first to get * whatever write-combining details or similar. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len) { unsigned long vm_len, pfn, pages; /* Check that the physical memory area passed in looks valid */ if (start + len < start) return -EINVAL; /* * You *really* shouldn't map things that aren't page-aligned, * but we've historically allowed it because IO memory might * just have smaller alignment. */ len += start & ~PAGE_MASK; pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT; pages = (len + ~PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn + pages < pfn) return -EINVAL; /* We start the mapping 'vm_pgoff' pages into the area */ if (vma->vm_pgoff > pages) return -EINVAL; pfn += vma->vm_pgoff; pages -= vma->vm_pgoff; /* Can we fit all of the mapping? */ vm_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vm_len >> PAGE_SHIFT > pages) return -EINVAL; /* Ok, let it rip */ return io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, pfn, vm_len, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_iomap_memory); static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; int err = 0; spinlock_t *ptl; if (create) { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask) : pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; } else { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr) : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); } BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd)); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (fn) { do { if (create || !pte_none(*pte)) { err = fn(pte++, addr, data); if (err) break; } } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); } *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (mm != &init_mm) pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl); return err; } static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err = 0; BUG_ON(pud_huge(*pud)); if (create) { pmd = pmd_alloc_track(mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; } else { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); } do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) { err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { pud = pud_alloc_track(mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; } else { pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); } do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) { err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { p4d = p4d_alloc_track(mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; } else { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); } do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) { err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int __apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long start = addr, next; unsigned long end = addr + size; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; int err = 0; if (WARN_ON(addr >= end)) return -EINVAL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (!create && pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; err = apply_to_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data, create, &mask); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, start + size); return err; } /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary * and calling a provided function on each leaf page table. */ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range); /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, calling a provided function on * each leaf page table where it exists. * * Unlike apply_to_page_range, this does _not_ fill in page tables * where they are absent. */ int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_existing_page_range); /* * handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was * read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures * or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which might give a mix of unmatched * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check; * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on). */ static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte) { int same = 1; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); } #endif pte_unmap(page_table); return same; } static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, struct vm_fault *vmf) { bool ret; void *kaddr; void __user *uaddr; bool locked = false; struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long addr = vmf->address; if (likely(src)) { copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma); return true; } /* * If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have * a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by * just copying from the original user address. If that * fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it. */ kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst); uaddr = (void __user *)(addr & PAGE_MASK); /* * On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would * take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here. */ if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_t entry; vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* * Other thread has already handled the fault * and update local tlb only */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, vmf->pte, entry, 0)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, vmf->pte); } /* * This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there * in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable, * in which case we just give up and fill the result with * zeroes. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { if (locked) goto warn; /* Re-validate under PTL if the page is still mapped */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* The PTE changed under us, update local tlb */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } /* * The same page can be mapped back since last copy attempt. * Try to copy again under PTL. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * Give a warn in case there can be some obscure * use-case */ warn: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); clear_page(kaddr); } } ret = true; pte_unlock: if (locked) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(dst); return ret; } static gfp_t __get_fault_gfp_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *vm_file = vma->vm_file; if (vm_file) return mapping_gfp_mask(vm_file->f_mapping) | __GFP_FS | __GFP_IO; /* * Special mappings (e.g. VDSO) do not have any file so fake * a default GFP_KERNEL for them. */ return GFP_KERNEL; } /* * Notify the address space that the page is about to become writable so that * it can prohibit this or wait for the page to get into an appropriate state. * * We do this without the lock held, so that it can sleep if it needs to. */ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { vm_fault_t ret; struct page *page = vmf->page; unsigned int old_flags = vmf->flags; vmf->flags = FAULT_FLAG_WRITE|FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; if (vmf->vma->vm_file && IS_SWAPFILE(vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vmf); /* Restore original flags so that caller is not surprised */ vmf->flags = old_flags; if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) return ret; if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) { lock_page(page); if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* retry */ } ret |= VM_FAULT_LOCKED; } else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); return ret; } /* * Handle dirtying of a page in shared file mapping on a write fault. * * The function expects the page to be locked and unlocks it. */ static vm_fault_t fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page = vmf->page; bool dirtied; bool page_mkwrite = vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite; dirtied = set_page_dirty(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page), page); /* * Take a local copy of the address_space - page.mapping may be zeroed * by truncate after unlock_page(). The address_space itself remains * pinned by vma->vm_file's reference. We rely on unlock_page()'s * release semantics to prevent the compiler from undoing this copying. */ mapping = page_rmapping(page); unlock_page(page); if (!page_mkwrite) file_update_time(vma->vm_file); /* * Throttle page dirtying rate down to writeback speed. * * mapping may be NULL here because some device drivers do not * set page.mapping but still dirty their pages * * Drop the mmap_lock before waiting on IO, if we can. The file * is pinning the mapping, as per above. */ if ((dirtied || page_mkwrite) && mapping) { struct file *fpin; fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, NULL); balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); if (fpin) { fput(fpin); return VM_FAULT_RETRY; } } return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for pages that can be reused in the current vma * * This can happen either due to the mapping being with the VM_SHARED flag, * or due to us being the last reference standing to the page. In either * case, all we need to do here is to mark the page as writable and update * any related book-keeping. */ static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = vmf->page; pte_t entry; /* * Clear the pages cpupid information as the existing * information potentially belongs to a now completely * unrelated process. */ if (page) page_cpupid_xchg_last(page, (1 << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1); flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); count_vm_event(PGREUSE); } /* * Handle the case of a page which we actually need to copy to a new page. * * Called with mmap_lock locked and the old page referenced, but * without the ptl held. * * High level logic flow: * * - Allocate a page, copy the content of the old page to the new one. * - Handle book keeping and accounting - cgroups, mmu-notifiers, etc. * - Take the PTL. If the pte changed, bail out and release the allocated page * - If the pte is still the way we remember it, update the page table and all * relevant references. This includes dropping the reference the page-table * held to the old page, as well as updating the rmap. * - In any case, unlock the PTL and drop the reference we took to the old page. */ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct page *old_page = vmf->page; struct page *new_page = NULL; pte_t entry; int page_copied = 0; struct mmu_notifier_range range; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte))) { new_page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; } else { new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; if (!cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, vmf)) { /* * COW failed, if the fault was solved by other, * it's fine. If not, userspace would re-fault on * the same address and we will handle the fault * from the second attempt. */ put_page(new_page); if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return 0; } } if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_new; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, vmf->address & PAGE_MASK, (vmf->address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { if (old_page) { if (!PageAnon(old_page)) { dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(old_page)); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* * Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the * pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition * seen in the presence of one thread doing SMC and another * thread doing COW. */ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, vma); /* * We call the notify macro here because, when using secondary * mmu page tables (such as kvm shadow page tables), we want the * new page to be mapped directly into the secondary page table. */ set_pte_at_notify(mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); if (old_page) { /* * Only after switching the pte to the new page may * we remove the mapcount here. Otherwise another * process may come and find the rmap count decremented * before the pte is switched to the new page, and * "reuse" the old page writing into it while our pte * here still points into it and can be read by other * threads. * * The critical issue is to order this * page_remove_rmap with the ptp_clear_flush above. * Those stores are ordered by (if nothing else,) * the barrier present in the atomic_add_negative * in page_remove_rmap. * * Then the TLB flush in ptep_clear_flush ensures that * no process can access the old page before the * decremented mapcount is visible. And the old page * cannot be reused until after the decremented * mapcount is visible. So transitively, TLBs to * old page will be flushed before it can be reused. */ page_remove_rmap(old_page, false); } /* Free the old page.. */ new_page = old_page; page_copied = 1; } else { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } if (new_page) put_page(new_page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); /* * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as * the above ptep_clear_flush_notify() did already call it. */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range); if (old_page) { /* * Don't let another task, with possibly unlocked vma, * keep the mlocked page. */ if (page_copied && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) { lock_page(old_page); /* LRU manipulation */ if (PageMlocked(old_page)) munlock_vma_page(old_page); unlock_page(old_page); } put_page(old_page); } return page_copied ? VM_FAULT_WRITE : 0; oom_free_new: put_page(new_page); oom: if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /** * finish_mkwrite_fault - finish page fault for a shared mapping, making PTE * writeable once the page is prepared * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a write page fault in a * shared mapping due to PTE being read-only once the mapped page is prepared. * It handles locking of PTE and modifying it. * * The function expects the page to be locked or other protection against * concurrent faults / writeback (such as DAX radix tree locks). * * Return: %VM_FAULT_WRITE on success, %0 when PTE got changed before * we acquired PTE lock. */ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * We might have raced with another page fault while we released the * pte_offset_map_lock. */ if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for VM_MIXEDMAP or VM_PFNMAP for a VM_SHARED * mapping */ static vm_fault_t wp_pfn_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t ret; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); vmf->flags |= FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; ret = vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite(vmf); if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)) return ret; return finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE; get_page(vmf->page); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t tmp; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } tmp = finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } else { wp_page_reuse(vmf); lock_page(vmf->page); } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } /* * This routine handles present pages, when users try to write * to a shared page. It is done by copying the page to a new address * and decrementing the shared-page counter for the old page. * * Note that this routine assumes that the protection checks have been * done by the caller (the low-level page fault routine in most cases). * Thus we can safely just mark it writable once we've done any necessary * COW. * * We also mark the page dirty at this point even though the page will * change only once the write actually happens. This avoids a few races, * and potentially makes it more efficient. * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), with pte both mapped and locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(vma, *vmf->pte)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); } /* * Userfaultfd write-protect can defer flushes. Ensure the TLB * is flushed in this case before copying. */ if (unlikely(userfaultfd_wp(vmf->vma) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(vmf->vma->vm_mm))) flush_tlb_page(vmf->vma, vmf->address); vmf->page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte); if (!vmf->page) { /* * VM_MIXEDMAP !pfn_valid() case, or VM_SOFTDIRTY clear on a * VM_PFNMAP VMA. * * We should not cow pages in a shared writeable mapping. * Just mark the pages writable and/or call ops->pfn_mkwrite. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) return wp_pfn_shared(vmf); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } /* * Take out anonymous pages first, anonymous shared vmas are * not dirty accountable. */ if (PageAnon(vmf->page)) { struct page *page = vmf->page; /* PageKsm() doesn't necessarily raise the page refcount */ if (PageKsm(page) || page_count(page) != 1) goto copy; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto copy; if (PageKsm(page) || page_mapcount(page) != 1 || page_count(page) != 1) { unlock_page(page); goto copy; } /* * Ok, we've got the only map reference, and the only * page count reference, and the page is locked, * it's dark out, and we're wearing sunglasses. Hit it. */ unlock_page(page); wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) { return wp_page_shared(vmf); } copy: /* * Ok, we need to copy. Oh, well.. */ get_page(vmf->page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } static void unmap_mapping_range_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { zap_page_range_single(vma, start_addr, end_addr - start_addr, details); } static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct rb_root_cached *root, struct zap_details *details) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; pgoff_t vba, vea, zba, zea; vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, details->first_index, details->last_index) { vba = vma->vm_pgoff; vea = vba + vma_pages(vma) - 1; zba = details->first_index; if (zba < vba) zba = vba; zea = details->last_index; if (zea > vea) zea = vea; unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma, ((zba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, ((zea - vba + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, details); } } /** * unmap_mapping_page() - Unmap single page from processes. * @page: The locked page to be unmapped. * * Unmap this page from any userspace process which still has it mmaped. * Typically, for efficiency, the range of nearby pages has already been * unmapped by unmap_mapping_pages() or unmap_mapping_range(). But once * truncation or invalidation holds the lock on a page, it may find that * the page has been remapped again: and then uses unmap_mapping_page() * to unmap it finally. */ void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct zap_details details = { }; VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON(PageTail(page)); details.check_mapping = mapping; details.first_index = page->index; details.last_index = page->index + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; details.single_page = page; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_pages() - Unmap pages from processes. * @mapping: The address space containing pages to be unmapped. * @start: Index of first page to be unmapped. * @nr: Number of pages to be unmapped. 0 to unmap to end of file. * @even_cows: Whether to unmap even private COWed pages. * * Unmap the pages in this address space from any userspace process which * has them mmaped. Generally, you want to remove COWed pages as well when * a file is being truncated, but not when invalidating pages from the page * cache. */ void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { struct zap_details details = { }; details.check_mapping = even_cows ? NULL : mapping; details.first_index = start; details.last_index = start + nr - 1; if (details.last_index < details.first_index) details.last_index = ULONG_MAX; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_range - unmap the portion of all mmaps in the specified * address_space corresponding to the specified byte range in the underlying * file. * * @mapping: the address space containing mmaps to be unmapped. * @holebegin: byte in first page to unmap, relative to the start of * the underlying file. This will be rounded down to a PAGE_SIZE * boundary. Note that this is different from truncate_pagecache(), which * must keep the partial page. In contrast, we must get rid of * partial pages. * @holelen: size of prospective hole in bytes. This will be rounded * up to a PAGE_SIZE boundary. A holelen of zero truncates to the * end of the file. * @even_cows: 1 when truncating a file, unmap even private COWed pages; * but 0 when invalidating pagecache, don't throw away private data. */ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { pgoff_t hba = holebegin >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t hlen = (holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Check for overflow. */ if (sizeof(holelen) > sizeof(hlen)) { long long holeend = (holebegin + holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (holeend & ~(long long)ULONG_MAX) hlen = ULONG_MAX - hba + 1; } unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, hba, hlen, even_cows); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range); /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with pte unmapped and unlocked. * * We return with the mmap_lock locked or unlocked in the same cases * as does filemap_fault(). */ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL, *swapcache; swp_entry_t entry; pte_t pte; int locked; int exclusive = 0; vm_fault_t ret = 0; void *shadow = NULL; if (!pte_unmap_same(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) goto out; entry = pte_to_swp_entry(vmf->orig_pte); if (unlikely(non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { migration_entry_wait(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address); } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { vmf->page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); ret = vmf->page->pgmap->ops->migrate_to_ram(vmf); } else if (is_hwpoison_entry(entry)) { ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } else { print_bad_pte(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte, NULL); ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } goto out; } delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); page = lookup_swap_cache(entry, vma, vmf->address); swapcache = page; if (!page) { struct swap_info_struct *si = swp_swap_info(entry); if (data_race(si->flags & SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO) && __swap_count(entry) == 1) { /* skip swapcache */ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (page) { int err; __SetPageLocked(page); __SetPageSwapBacked(page); set_page_private(page, entry.val); /* Tell memcg to use swap ownership records */ SetPageSwapCache(page); err = mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL); ClearPageSwapCache(page); if (err) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_page; } shadow = get_shadow_from_swap_cache(entry); if (shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); swap_readpage(page, true); } } else { page = swapin_readahead(entry, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vmf); swapcache = page; } if (!page) { /* * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte * while we released the pte lock. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto unlock; } /* Had to read the page from swap area: Major fault */ ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); } else if (PageHWPoison(page)) { /* * hwpoisoned dirty swapcache pages are kept for killing * owner processes (which may be unknown at hwpoison time) */ ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto out_release; } locked = lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); if (!locked) { ret |= VM_FAULT_RETRY; goto out_release; } /* * Make sure try_to_free_swap or reuse_swap_page or swapoff did not * release the swapcache from under us. The page pin, and pte_same * test below, are not enough to exclude that. Even if it is still * swapcache, we need to check that the page's swap has not changed. */ if (unlikely((!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)) && swapcache) goto out_page; page = ksm_might_need_to_copy(page, vma, vmf->address); if (unlikely(!page)) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; page = swapcache; goto out_page; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) goto out_nomap; if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; goto out_nomap; } /* * The page isn't present yet, go ahead with the fault. * * Be careful about the sequence of operations here. * To get its accounting right, reuse_swap_page() must be called * while the page is counted on swap but not yet in mapcount i.e. * before page_add_anon_rmap() and swap_free(); try_to_free_swap() * must be called after the swap_free(), or it will never succeed. */ inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); dec_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_SWAPENTS); pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) { pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma); vmf->flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE; exclusive = RMAP_EXCLUSIVE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(vmf->orig_pte)) pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte = pte_mkuffd_wp(pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, pte); arch_do_swap_page(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmf->address, pte, vmf->orig_pte); vmf->orig_pte = pte; /* ksm created a completely new copy */ if (unlikely(page != swapcache && swapcache)) { page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { do_page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, exclusive); } swap_free(entry); if (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page)) try_to_free_swap(page); unlock_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { /* * Hold the lock to avoid the swap entry to be reused * until we take the PT lock for the pte_same() check * (to avoid false positives from pte_same). For * further safety release the lock after the swap_free * so that the swap count won't change under a * parallel locked swapcache. */ unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { ret |= do_wp_page(vmf); if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) ret &= VM_FAULT_ERROR; goto out; } /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: return ret; out_nomap: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out_page: unlock_page(page); out_release: put_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; pte_t entry; /* File mapping without ->vm_ops ? */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * Use pte_alloc() instead of pte_alloc_map(). We can't run * pte_offset_map() on pmds where a huge pmd might be created * from a different thread. * * pte_alloc_map() is safe to use under mmap_write_lock(mm) or when * parallel threads are excluded by other means. * * Here we only have mmap_read_lock(mm). */ if (pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* See the comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))) return 0; /* Use the zero-page for reads */ if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !mm_forbids_zeropage(vma->vm_mm)) { entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(vmf->address), vma->vm_page_prot)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto unlock; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } goto setpte; } /* Allocate our own private page. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!page) goto oom; if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_page; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that * preceding stores to the page contents become visible before * the set_pte_at() write. */ __SetPageUptodate(page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto release; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto release; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); put_page(page); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); setpte: set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; release: put_page(page); goto unlock; oom_free_page: put_page(page); oom: return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /* * The mmap_lock must have been held on entry, and may have been * released depending on flags and vma->vm_ops->fault() return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; /* * Preallocate pte before we take page_lock because this might lead to * deadlocks for memcg reclaim which waits for pages under writeback: * lock_page(A) * SetPageWriteback(A) * unlock_page(A) * lock_page(B) * lock_page(B) * pte_alloc_one * shrink_page_list * wait_on_page_writeback(A) * SetPageWriteback(B) * unlock_page(B) * # flush A, B to clear the writeback */ if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } ret = vma->vm_ops->fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY | VM_FAULT_DONE_COW))) return ret; if (unlikely(PageHWPoison(vmf->page))) { struct page *page = vmf->page; vm_fault_t poisonret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; if (ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED) { if (page_mapped(page)) unmap_mapping_pages(page_mapping(page), page->index, 1, false); /* Retry if a clean page was removed from the cache. */ if (invalidate_inode_page(page)) poisonret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; unlock_page(page); } put_page(page); vmf->page = NULL; return poisonret; } if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) lock_page(vmf->page); else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(vmf->page), vmf->page); return ret; } /* * The ordering of these checks is important for pmds with _PAGE_DEVMAP set. * If we check pmd_trans_unstable() first we will trip the bad_pmd() check * inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(). This will end up correctly * returning 1 but not before it spams dmesg with the pmd_clear_bad() output. */ static int pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { return pmd_devmap(*pmd) || pmd_trans_unstable(pmd); } static vm_fault_t pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) goto map_pte; if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); goto map_pte; } mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); pmd_populate(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } else if (unlikely(pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd))) { return VM_FAULT_OOM; } map_pte: /* * If a huge pmd materialized under us just retry later. Use * pmd_trans_unstable() via pmd_devmap_trans_unstable() instead of * pmd_trans_huge() to ensure the pmd didn't become pmd_trans_huge * under us and then back to pmd_none, as a result of MADV_DONTNEED * running immediately after a huge pmd fault in a different thread of * this mm, in turn leading to a misleading pmd_trans_huge() retval. * All we have to ensure is that it is a regular pmd that we can walk * with pte_offset_map() and we can do that through an atomic read in * C, which is what pmd_trans_unstable() provides. */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; /* * At this point we know that our vmf->pmd points to a page of ptes * and it cannot become pmd_none(), pmd_devmap() or pmd_trans_huge() * for the duration of the fault. If a racing MADV_DONTNEED runs and * we zap the ptes pointed to by our vmf->pmd, the vmf->ptl will still * be valid and we will re-check to make sure the vmf->pte isn't * pte_none() under vmf->ptl protection when we return to * alloc_set_pte(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static void deposit_prealloc_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); /* * We are going to consume the prealloc table, * count that as nr_ptes. */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; unsigned long haddr = vmf->address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK; pmd_t entry; int i; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (!transhuge_vma_suitable(vma, haddr)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); if (compound_order(page) != HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) return ret; /* * Archs like ppc64 need additonal space to store information * related to pte entry. Use the preallocated table for that. */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) goto out; for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) flush_icache_page(vma, page + i); entry = mk_huge_pmd(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if (write) entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma); add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page), HPAGE_PMD_NR); page_add_file_rmap(page, true); /* * deposit and withdraw with pmd lock held */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit()) deposit_prealloc_pte(vmf); set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, haddr, vmf->pmd, entry); update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd); /* fault is handled */ ret = 0; count_vm_event(THP_FILE_MAPPED); out: spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); return ret; } #else static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /** * alloc_set_pte - setup new PTE entry for given page and add reverse page * mapping. If needed, the function allocates page table or use pre-allocated. * * @vmf: fault environment * @page: page to map * * Caller must take care of unlocking vmf->ptl, if vmf->pte is non-NULL on * return. * * Target users are page handler itself and implementations of * vm_ops->map_pages. * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; pte_t entry; vm_fault_t ret; if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && PageTransCompound(page)) { ret = do_set_pmd(vmf, page); if (ret != VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) return ret; } if (!vmf->pte) { ret = pte_alloc_one_map(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } /* Re-check under ptl */ if (unlikely(!pte_none(*vmf->pte))) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (write) entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* copy-on-write page */ if (write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* no need to invalidate: a not-present page won't be cached */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return 0; } /** * finish_fault - finish page fault once we have prepared the page to fault * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a page fault once the * page to fault in is prepared. It handles locking of PTEs, inserts PTE for * given page, adds reverse page mapping, handles memcg charges and LRU * addition. * * The function expects the page to be locked and on success it consumes a * reference of a page being mapped (for the PTE which maps it). * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* Did we COW the page? */ if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) page = vmf->cow_page; else page = vmf->page; /* * check even for read faults because we might have lost our CoWed * page */ if (!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = check_stable_address_space(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!ret) ret = alloc_set_pte(vmf, page); if (vmf->pte) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; } static unsigned long fault_around_bytes __read_mostly = rounddown_pow_of_two(65536); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static int fault_around_bytes_get(void *data, u64 *val) { *val = fault_around_bytes; return 0; } /* * fault_around_bytes must be rounded down to the nearest page order as it's * what do_fault_around() expects to see. */ static int fault_around_bytes_set(void *data, u64 val) { if (val / PAGE_SIZE > PTRS_PER_PTE) return -EINVAL; if (val > PAGE_SIZE) fault_around_bytes = rounddown_pow_of_two(val); else fault_around_bytes = PAGE_SIZE; /* rounddown_pow_of_two(0) is undefined */ return 0; } DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE(fault_around_bytes_fops, fault_around_bytes_get, fault_around_bytes_set, "%llu\n"); static int __init fault_around_debugfs(void) { debugfs_create_file_unsafe("fault_around_bytes", 0644, NULL, NULL, &fault_around_bytes_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(fault_around_debugfs); #endif /* * do_fault_around() tries to map few pages around the fault address. The hope * is that the pages will be needed soon and this will lower the number of * faults to handle. * * It uses vm_ops->map_pages() to map the pages, which skips the page if it's * not ready to be mapped: not up-to-date, locked, etc. * * This function is called with the page table lock taken. In the split ptlock * case the page table lock only protects only those entries which belong to * the page table corresponding to the fault address. * * This function doesn't cross the VMA boundaries, in order to call map_pages() * only once. * * fault_around_bytes defines how many bytes we'll try to map. * do_fault_around() expects it to be set to a power of two less than or equal * to PTRS_PER_PTE. * * The virtual address of the area that we map is naturally aligned to * fault_around_bytes rounded down to the machine page size * (and therefore to page order). This way it's easier to guarantee * that we don't cross page table boundaries. */ static vm_fault_t do_fault_around(struct vm_fault *vmf) { unsigned long address = vmf->address, nr_pages, mask; pgoff_t start_pgoff = vmf->pgoff; pgoff_t end_pgoff; int off; vm_fault_t ret = 0; nr_pages = READ_ONCE(fault_around_bytes) >> PAGE_SHIFT; mask = ~(nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; vmf->address = max(address & mask, vmf->vma->vm_start); off = ((address - vmf->address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); start_pgoff -= off; /* * end_pgoff is either the end of the page table, the end of * the vma or nr_pages from start_pgoff, depending what is nearest. */ end_pgoff = start_pgoff - ((vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1)) + PTRS_PER_PTE - 1; end_pgoff = min3(end_pgoff, vma_pages(vmf->vma) + vmf->vma->vm_pgoff - 1, start_pgoff + nr_pages - 1); if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) goto out; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->vma->vm_ops->map_pages(vmf, start_pgoff, end_pgoff); /* Huge page is mapped? Page fault is solved */ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) { ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } /* ->map_pages() haven't done anything useful. Cold page cache? */ if (!vmf->pte) goto out; /* check if the page fault is solved */ vmf->pte -= (vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) - (address >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: vmf->address = address; vmf->pte = NULL; return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_read_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* * Let's call ->map_pages() first and use ->fault() as fallback * if page by the offset is not ready to be mapped (cold cache or * something). */ if (vma->vm_ops->map_pages && fault_around_bytes >> PAGE_SHIFT > 1) { ret = do_fault_around(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_cow_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf->cow_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!vmf->cow_page) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (mem_cgroup_charge(vmf->cow_page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(vmf->cow_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(vmf->cow_page, GFP_KERNEL); ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; if (ret & VM_FAULT_DONE_COW) return ret; copy_user_highpage(vmf->cow_page, vmf->page, vmf->address, vma); __SetPageUptodate(vmf->cow_page); ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; return ret; uncharge_out: put_page(vmf->cow_page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_shared_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret, tmp; ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; /* * Check if the backing address space wants to know that the page is * about to become writable */ if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { unlock_page(vmf->page); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } ret |= finish_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults). * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). * If mmap_lock is released, vma may become invalid (for example * by other thread calling munmap()). */ static vm_fault_t do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *vm_mm = vma->vm_mm; vm_fault_t ret; /* * The VMA was not fully populated on mmap() or missing VM_DONTEXPAND */ if (!vma->vm_ops->fault) { /* * If we find a migration pmd entry or a none pmd entry, which * should never happen, return SIGBUS */ if (unlikely(!pmd_present(*vmf->pmd))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else { vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * Make sure this is not a temporary clearing of pte * by holding ptl and checking again. A R/M/W update * of pte involves: take ptl, clearing the pte so that * we don't have concurrent modification by hardware * followed by an update. */ if (unlikely(pte_none(*vmf->pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); } } else if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) ret = do_read_fault(vmf); else if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = do_cow_fault(vmf); else ret = do_shared_fault(vmf); /* preallocated pagetable is unused: free it */ if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { pte_free(vm_mm, vmf->prealloc_pte); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } return ret; } static int numa_migrate_prep(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int page_nid, int *flags) { get_page(page); count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS); if (page_nid == numa_node_id()) { count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS_LOCAL); *flags |= TNF_FAULT_LOCAL; } return mpol_misplaced(page, vma, addr); } static vm_fault_t do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL; int page_nid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int last_cpupid; int target_nid; bool migrated = false; pte_t pte, old_pte; bool was_writable = pte_savedwrite(vmf->orig_pte); int flags = 0; /* * The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without * validation through pte_unmap_same(). It's of NUMA type but * the pfn may be screwed if the read is non atomic. */ vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); goto out; } /* * Make it present again, Depending on how arch implementes non * accessible ptes, some can allow access by kernel mode. */ old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte = pte_modify(old_pte, vma->vm_page_prot); pte = pte_mkyoung(pte); if (was_writable) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, old_pte, pte); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, pte); if (!page) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* TODO: handle PTE-mapped THP */ if (PageCompound(page)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * Avoid grouping on RO pages in general. RO pages shouldn't hurt as * much anyway since they can be in shared cache state. This misses * the case where a mapping is writable but the process never writes * to it but pte_write gets cleared during protection updates and * pte_dirty has unpredictable behaviour between PTE scan updates, * background writeback, dirty balancing and application behaviour. */ if (!pte_write(pte)) flags |= TNF_NO_GROUP; /* * Flag if the page is shared between multiple address spaces. This * is later used when determining whether to group tasks together */ if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) flags |= TNF_SHARED; last_cpupid = page_cpupid_last(page); page_nid = page_to_nid(page); target_nid = numa_migrate_prep(page, vma, vmf->address, page_nid, &flags); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); if (target_nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) { put_page(page); goto out; } /* Migrate to the requested node */ migrated = migrate_misplaced_page(page, vma, target_nid); if (migrated) { page_nid = target_nid; flags |= TNF_MIGRATED; } else flags |= TNF_MIGRATE_FAIL; out: if (page_nid != NUMA_NO_NODE) task_numa_fault(last_cpupid, page_nid, 1, flags); return 0; } static inline vm_fault_t create_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(vmf); if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* `inline' is required to avoid gcc 4.1.2 build error */ static inline vm_fault_t wp_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) { if (userfaultfd_huge_pmd_wp(vmf->vma, orig_pmd)) return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); return do_huge_pmd_wp_page(vmf, orig_pmd); } if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } /* COW or write-notify handled on pte level: split pmd. */ __split_huge_pmd(vmf->vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, false, NULL); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t create_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) goto split; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } split: /* COW or write-notify not handled on PUD level: split pud.*/ __split_huge_pud(vmf->vma, vmf->pud, vmf->address); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t wp_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* * These routines also need to handle stuff like marking pages dirty * and/or accessed for architectures that don't do it in hardware (most * RISC architectures). The early dirtying is also good on the i386. * * There is also a hook called "update_mmu_cache()" that architectures * with external mmu caches can use to update those (ie the Sparc or * PowerPC hashed page tables that act as extended TLBs). * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, but allow * concurrent faults). * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { pte_t entry; if (unlikely(pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { /* * Leave __pte_alloc() until later: because vm_ops->fault may * want to allocate huge page, and if we expose page table * for an instant, it will be difficult to retract from * concurrent faults and from rmap lookups. */ vmf->pte = NULL; } else { /* See comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return 0; /* * A regular pmd is established and it can't morph into a huge * pmd from under us anymore at this point because we hold the * mmap_lock read mode and khugepaged takes it in write mode. * So now it's safe to run pte_offset_map(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map(vmf->pmd, vmf->address); vmf->orig_pte = *vmf->pte; /* * some architectures can have larger ptes than wordsize, * e.g.ppc44x-defconfig has CONFIG_PTE_64BIT=y and * CONFIG_32BIT=y, so READ_ONCE cannot guarantee atomic * accesses. The code below just needs a consistent view * for the ifs and we later double check anyway with the * ptl lock held. So here a barrier will do. */ barrier(); if (pte_none(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_unmap(vmf->pte); vmf->pte = NULL; } } if (!vmf->pte) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_anonymous_page(vmf); else return do_fault(vmf); } if (!pte_present(vmf->orig_pte)) return do_swap_page(vmf); if (pte_protnone(vmf->orig_pte) && vma_is_accessible(vmf->vma)) return do_numa_page(vmf); vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); entry = vmf->orig_pte; if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, entry))) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { if (!pte_write(entry)) return do_wp_page(vmf); entry = pte_mkdirty(entry); } entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) { update_mmu_cache(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } else { /* Skip spurious TLB flush for retried page fault */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED) goto unlock; /* * This is needed only for protection faults but the arch code * is not yet telling us if this is a protection fault or not. * This still avoids useless tlb flushes for .text page faults * with threads. */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vmf->vma, vmf->address); } unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags) { struct vm_fault vmf = { .vma = vma, .address = address & PAGE_MASK, .flags = flags, .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address), .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma), }; unsigned int dirty = flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; vm_fault_t ret; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address); if (!p4d) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf.pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address); if (!vmf.pud) return VM_FAULT_OOM; retry_pud: if (pud_none(*vmf.pud) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pud(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pud_t orig_pud = *vmf.pud; barrier(); if (pud_trans_huge(orig_pud) || pud_devmap(orig_pud)) { /* NUMA case for anonymous PUDs would go here */ if (dirty && !pud_write(orig_pud)) { ret = wp_huge_pud(&vmf, orig_pud); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pud_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pud); return 0; } } } vmf.pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, vmf.pud, address); if (!vmf.pmd) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* Huge pud page fault raced with pmd_alloc? */ if (pud_trans_unstable(vmf.pud)) goto retry_pud; if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pmd_t orig_pmd = *vmf.pmd; barrier(); if (unlikely(is_swap_pmd(orig_pmd))) { VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() && !is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)); if (is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)) pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, vmf.pmd); return 0; } if (pmd_trans_huge(orig_pmd) || pmd_devmap(orig_pmd)) { if (pmd_protnone(orig_pmd) && vma_is_accessible(vma)) return do_huge_pmd_numa_page(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (dirty && !pmd_write(orig_pmd)) { ret = wp_huge_pmd(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pmd_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pmd); return 0; } } } return handle_pte_fault(&vmf); } /** * mm_account_fault - Do page fault accountings * * @regs: the pt_regs struct pointer. When set to NULL, will skip accounting * of perf event counters, but we'll still do the per-task accounting to * the task who triggered this page fault. * @address: the faulted address. * @flags: the fault flags. * @ret: the fault retcode. * * This will take care of most of the page fault accountings. Meanwhile, it * will also include the PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_[MAJ|MIN] perf counter * updates. However note that the handling of PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS should * still be in per-arch page fault handlers at the entry of page fault. */ static inline void mm_account_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, vm_fault_t ret) { bool major; /* * We don't do accounting for some specific faults: * * - Unsuccessful faults (e.g. when the address wasn't valid). That * includes arch_vma_access_permitted() failing before reaching here. * So this is not a "this many hardware page faults" counter. We * should use the hw profiling for that. * * - Incomplete faults (VM_FAULT_RETRY). They will only be counted * once they're completed. */ if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_RETRY)) return; /* * We define the fault as a major fault when the final successful fault * is VM_FAULT_MAJOR, or if it retried (which implies that we couldn't * handle it immediately previously). */ major = (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR) || (flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED); if (major) current->maj_flt++; else current->min_flt++; /* * If the fault is done for GUP, regs will be NULL. We only do the * accounting for the per thread fault counters who triggered the * fault, and we skip the perf event updates. */ if (!regs) return; if (major) perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MAJ, 1, regs, address); else perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MIN, 1, regs, address); } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { vm_fault_t ret; __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); count_vm_event(PGFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGFAULT); /* do counter updates before entering really critical section. */ check_sync_rss_stat(current); if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, flags & FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, flags & FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE)) return VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV; /* * Enable the memcg OOM handling for faults triggered in user * space. Kernel faults are handled more gracefully. */ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(); if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags); else ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) { mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(); /* * The task may have entered a memcg OOM situation but * if the allocation error was handled gracefully (no * VM_FAULT_OOM), there is no need to kill anything. * Just clean up the OOM state peacefully. */ if (task_in_memcg_oom(current) && !(ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)) mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(false); } mm_account_fault(regs, address, flags, ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_mm_fault); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED /* * Allocate p4d page table. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { p4d_t *new = p4d_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (pgd_present(*pgd)) /* Another has populated it */ p4d_free(mm, new); else pgd_populate(mm, pgd, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page upper directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { pud_t *new = pud_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) { mm_inc_nr_puds(mm); p4d_populate(mm, p4d, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pud_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page middle directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { spinlock_t *ptl; pmd_t *new = pmd_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ ptl = pud_lock(mm, pud); if (!pud_present(*pud)) { mm_inc_nr_pmds(mm); pud_populate(mm, pud, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pmd_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(ptl); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED */ int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d) || unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { if (!pmdpp) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PMD_MASK, (address & PMD_MASK) + PMD_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } *ptlp = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { *pmdpp = pmd; return 0; } spin_unlock(*ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); } if (pmd_none(*pmd) || unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PAGE_MASK, (address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp); if (!pte_present(*ptep)) goto unlock; *ptepp = ptep; return 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, *ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); out: return -EINVAL; } /** * follow_pte - look up PTE at a user virtual address * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @address: user virtual address * @ptepp: location to store found PTE * @ptlp: location to store the lock for the PTE * * On a successful return, the pointer to the PTE is stored in @ptepp; * the corresponding lock is taken and its location is stored in @ptlp. * The contents of the PTE are only stable until @ptlp is released; * any further use, if any, must be protected against invalidation * with MMU notifiers. * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. The mmap semaphore * should be taken for read. * * KVM uses this function. While it is arguably less bad than ``follow_pfn``, * it is not a good general-purpose API. * * Return: zero on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { return follow_invalidate_pte(mm, address, NULL, ptepp, NULL, ptlp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(follow_pte); /** * follow_pfn - look up PFN at a user virtual address * @vma: memory mapping * @address: user virtual address * @pfn: location to store found PFN * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. * * This function does not allow the caller to read the permissions * of the PTE. Do not use it. * * Return: zero and the pfn at @pfn on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn) { int ret = -EINVAL; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *ptep; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) return ret; ret = follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl); if (ret) return ret; *pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep); pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_pfn); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys) { int ret = -EINVAL; pte_t *ptep, pte; spinlock_t *ptl; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) goto out; if (follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl)) goto out; pte = *ptep; if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte)) goto unlock; *prot = pgprot_val(pte_pgprot(pte)); *phys = (resource_size_t)pte_pfn(pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; ret = 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); out: return ret; } int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write) { resource_size_t phys_addr; unsigned long prot = 0; void __iomem *maddr; int offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (follow_phys(vma, addr, write, &prot, &phys_addr)) return -EINVAL; maddr = ioremap_prot(phys_addr, PAGE_ALIGN(len + offset), prot); if (!maddr) return -ENOMEM; if (write) memcpy_toio(maddr + offset, buf, len); else memcpy_fromio(buf, maddr + offset, len); iounmap(maddr); return len; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_access_phys); #endif /* * Access another process' address space as given in mm. If non-NULL, use the * given task for page fault accounting. */ int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; void *old_buf = buf; int write = gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE; if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm)) return 0; /* ignore errors, just check how much was successfully transferred */ while (len) { int bytes, ret, offset; void *maddr; struct page *page = NULL; ret = get_user_pages_remote(mm, addr, 1, gup_flags, &page, &vma, NULL); if (ret <= 0) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT break; #else /* * Check if this is a VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP VMA, which * we can access using slightly different code. */ vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (!vma || vma->vm_start > addr) break; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->access) ret = vma->vm_ops->access(vma, addr, buf, len, write); if (ret <= 0) break; bytes = ret; #endif } else { bytes = len; offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (bytes > PAGE_SIZE-offset) bytes = PAGE_SIZE-offset; maddr = kmap(page); if (write) { copy_to_user_page(vma, page, addr, maddr + offset, buf, bytes); set_page_dirty_lock(page); } else { copy_from_user_page(vma, page, addr, buf, maddr + offset, bytes); } kunmap(page); put_page(page); } len -= bytes; buf += bytes; addr += bytes; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); return buf - old_buf; } /** * access_remote_vm - access another process' address space * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @addr: start address to access * @buf: source or destination buffer * @len: number of bytes to transfer * @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour * * The caller must hold a reference on @mm. * * Return: number of bytes copied from source to destination. */ int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { return __access_remote_vm(NULL, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); } /* * Access another process' address space. * Source/target buffer must be kernel space, * Do not walk the page table directly, use get_user_pages */ int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct mm_struct *mm; int ret; mm = get_task_mm(tsk); if (!mm) return 0; ret = __access_remote_vm(tsk, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); mmput(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(access_process_vm); /* * Print the name of a VMA. */ void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long ip) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* * we might be running from an atomic context so we cannot sleep */ if (!mmap_read_trylock(mm)) return; vma = find_vma(mm, ip); if (vma && vma->vm_file) { struct file *f = vma->vm_file; char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_NOWAIT); if (buf) { char *p; p = file_path(f, buf, PAGE_SIZE); if (IS_ERR(p)) p = "?"; printk("%s%s[%lx+%lx]", prefix, kbasename(p), vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } mmap_read_unlock(mm); } #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) void __might_fault(const char *file, int line) { /* * Some code (nfs/sunrpc) uses socket ops on kernel memory while * holding the mmap_lock, this is safe because kernel memory doesn't * get paged out, therefore we'll never actually fault, and the * below annotations will generate false positives. */ if (uaccess_kernel()) return; if (pagefault_disabled()) return; __might_sleep(file, line, 0); #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) if (current->mm) might_lock_read(&current->mm->mmap_lock); #endif } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__might_fault); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) /* * Process all subpages of the specified huge page with the specified * operation. The target subpage will be processed last to keep its * cache lines hot. */ static inline void process_huge_page( unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, void (*process_subpage)(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg), void *arg) { int i, n, base, l; unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); /* Process target subpage last to keep its cache lines hot */ might_sleep(); n = (addr_hint - addr) / PAGE_SIZE; if (2 * n <= pages_per_huge_page) { /* If target subpage in first half of huge page */ base = 0; l = n; /* Process subpages at the end of huge page */ for (i = pages_per_huge_page - 1; i >= 2 * n; i--) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } else { /* If target subpage in second half of huge page */ base = pages_per_huge_page - 2 * (pages_per_huge_page - n); l = pages_per_huge_page - n; /* Process subpages at the begin of huge page */ for (i = 0; i < base; i++) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } /* * Process remaining subpages in left-right-left-right pattern * towards the target subpage */ for (i = 0; i < l; i++) { int left_idx = base + i; int right_idx = base + 2 * l - 1 - i; cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + left_idx * PAGE_SIZE, left_idx, arg); cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + right_idx * PAGE_SIZE, right_idx, arg); } } static void clear_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *p = page; might_sleep(); for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, p = mem_map_next(p, page, i)) { cond_resched(); clear_user_highpage(p, addr + i * PAGE_SIZE); } } static void clear_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct page *page = arg; clear_user_highpage(page + idx, addr); } void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { clear_gigantic_page(page, addr, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, clear_subpage, page); } static void copy_user_gigantic_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *dst_base = dst; struct page *src_base = src; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; ) { cond_resched(); copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr + i*PAGE_SIZE, vma); i++; dst = mem_map_next(dst, dst_base, i); src = mem_map_next(src, src_base, i); } } struct copy_subpage_arg { struct page *dst; struct page *src; struct vm_area_struct *vma; }; static void copy_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct copy_subpage_arg *copy_arg = arg; copy_user_highpage(copy_arg->dst + idx, copy_arg->src + idx, addr, copy_arg->vma); } void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); struct copy_subpage_arg arg = { .dst = dst, .src = src, .vma = vma, }; if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { copy_user_gigantic_page(dst, src, addr, vma, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, copy_subpage, &arg); } long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault) { void *src = (void *)usr_src; void *page_kaddr; unsigned long i, rc = 0; unsigned long ret_val = pages_per_huge_page * PAGE_SIZE; struct page *subpage = dst_page; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, subpage = mem_map_next(subpage, dst_page, i)) { if (allow_pagefault) page_kaddr = kmap(subpage); else page_kaddr = kmap_atomic(subpage); rc = copy_from_user(page_kaddr, (const void __user *)(src + i * PAGE_SIZE), PAGE_SIZE); if (allow_pagefault) kunmap(subpage); else kunmap_atomic(page_kaddr); ret_val -= (PAGE_SIZE - rc); if (rc) break; flush_dcache_page(subpage); cond_resched(); } return ret_val; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS && ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS static struct kmem_cache *page_ptl_cachep; void __init ptlock_cache_init(void) { page_ptl_cachep = kmem_cache_create("page->ptl", sizeof(spinlock_t), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = kmem_cache_alloc(page_ptl_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ptl) return false; page->ptl = ptl; return true; } void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { kmem_cache_free(page_ptl_cachep, page->ptl); } #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_ERR_H #define _LINUX_ERR_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <asm/errno.h> /* * Kernel pointers have redundant information, so we can use a * scheme where we can return either an error code or a normal * pointer with the same return value. * * This should be a per-architecture thing, to allow different * error and pointer decisions. */ #define MAX_ERRNO 4095 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #define IS_ERR_VALUE(x) unlikely((unsigned long)(void *)(x) >= (unsigned long)-MAX_ERRNO) static inline void * __must_check ERR_PTR(long error) { return (void *) error; } static inline long __must_check PTR_ERR(__force const void *ptr) { return (long) ptr; } static inline bool __must_check IS_ERR(__force const void *ptr) { return IS_ERR_VALUE((unsigned long)ptr); } static inline bool __must_check IS_ERR_OR_NULL(__force const void *ptr) { return unlikely(!ptr) || IS_ERR_VALUE((unsigned long)ptr); } /** * ERR_CAST - Explicitly cast an error-valued pointer to another pointer type * @ptr: The pointer to cast. * * Explicitly cast an error-valued pointer to another pointer type in such a * way as to make it clear that's what's going on. */ static inline void * __must_check ERR_CAST(__force const void *ptr) { /* cast away the const */ return (void *) ptr; } static inline int __must_check PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(__force const void *ptr) { if (IS_ERR(ptr)) return PTR_ERR(ptr); else return 0; } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_ERR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_STRINGHASH_H #define __LINUX_STRINGHASH_H #include <linux/compiler.h> /* For __pure */ #include <linux/types.h> /* For u32, u64 */ #include <linux/hash.h> /* * Routines for hashing strings of bytes to a 32-bit hash value. * * These hash functions are NOT GUARANTEED STABLE between kernel * versions, architectures, or even repeated boots of the same kernel. * (E.g. they may depend on boot-time hardware detection or be * deliberately randomized.) * * They are also not intended to be secure against collisions caused by * malicious inputs; much slower hash functions are required for that. * * They are optimized for pathname components, meaning short strings. * Even if a majority of files have longer names, the dynamic profile of * pathname components skews short due to short directory names. * (E.g. /usr/lib/libsesquipedalianism.so.3.141.) */ /* * Version 1: one byte at a time. Example of use: * * unsigned long hash = init_name_hash; * while (*p) * hash = partial_name_hash(tolower(*p++), hash); * hash = end_name_hash(hash); * * Although this is designed for bytes, fs/hfsplus/unicode.c * abuses it to hash 16-bit values. */ /* Hash courtesy of the R5 hash in reiserfs modulo sign bits */ #define init_name_hash(salt) (unsigned long)(salt) /* partial hash update function. Assume roughly 4 bits per character */ static inline unsigned long partial_name_hash(unsigned long c, unsigned long prevhash) { return (prevhash + (c << 4) + (c >> 4)) * 11; } /* * Finally: cut down the number of bits to a int value (and try to avoid * losing bits). This also has the property (wanted by the dcache) * that the msbits make a good hash table index. */ static inline unsigned int end_name_hash(unsigned long hash) { return hash_long(hash, 32); } /* * Version 2: One word (32 or 64 bits) at a time. * If CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS is defined (meaning <asm/word-at-a-time.h> * exists, which describes major Linux platforms like x86 and ARM), then * this computes a different hash function much faster. * * If not set, this falls back to a wrapper around the preceding. */ extern unsigned int __pure full_name_hash(const void *salt, const char *, unsigned int); /* * A hash_len is a u64 with the hash of a string in the low * half and the length in the high half. */ #define hashlen_hash(hashlen) ((u32)(hashlen)) #define hashlen_len(hashlen) ((u32)((hashlen) >> 32)) #define hashlen_create(hash, len) ((u64)(len)<<32 | (u32)(hash)) /* Return the "hash_len" (hash and length) of a null-terminated string */ extern u64 __pure hashlen_string(const void *salt, const char *name); #endif /* __LINUX_STRINGHASH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __ASM_GENERIC_PGALLOC_H #define __ASM_GENERIC_PGALLOC_H #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO) #define GFP_PGTABLE_USER (GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL | __GFP_ACCOUNT) /** * __pte_alloc_one_kernel - allocate a page for PTE-level kernel page table * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context * * This function is intended for architectures that need * anything beyond simple page allocation. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ static inline pte_t *__pte_alloc_one_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm) { return (pte_t *)__get_free_page(GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL); } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_ALLOC_ONE_KERNEL /** * pte_alloc_one_kernel - allocate a page for PTE-level kernel page table * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ static inline pte_t *pte_alloc_one_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm) { return __pte_alloc_one_kernel(mm); } #endif /** * pte_free_kernel - free PTE-level kernel page table page * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context * @pte: pointer to the memory containing the page table */ static inline void pte_free_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte) { free_page((unsigned long)pte); } /** * __pte_alloc_one - allocate a page for PTE-level user page table * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context * @gfp: GFP flags to use for the allocation * * Allocates a page and runs the pgtable_pte_page_ctor(). * * This function is intended for architectures that need * anything beyond simple page allocation or must have custom GFP flags. * * Return: `struct page` initialized as page table or %NULL on error */ static inline pgtable_t __pte_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp) { struct page *pte; pte = alloc_page(gfp); if (!pte) return NULL; if (!pgtable_pte_page_ctor(pte)) { __free_page(pte); return NULL; } return pte; } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_ALLOC_ONE /** * pte_alloc_one - allocate a page for PTE-level user page table * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context * * Allocates a page and runs the pgtable_pte_page_ctor(). * * Return: `struct page` initialized as page table or %NULL on error */ static inline pgtable_t pte_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *mm) { return __pte_alloc_one(mm, GFP_PGTABLE_USER); } #endif /* * Should really implement gc for free page table pages. This could be * done with a reference count in struct page. */ /** * pte_free - free PTE-level user page table page * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context * @pte_page: the `struct page` representing the page table */ static inline void pte_free(struct mm_struct *mm, struct page *pte_page) { pgtable_pte_page_dtor(pte_page); __free_page(pte_page); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMD_ALLOC_ONE /** * pmd_alloc_one - allocate a page for PMD-level page table * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context * * Allocates a page and runs the pgtable_pmd_page_ctor(). * Allocations use %GFP_PGTABLE_USER in user context and * %GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL in kernel context. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { struct page *page; gfp_t gfp = GFP_PGTABLE_USER; if (mm == &init_mm) gfp = GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL; page = alloc_pages(gfp, 0); if (!page) return NULL; if (!pgtable_pmd_page_ctor(page)) { __free_pages(page, 0); return NULL; } return (pmd_t *)page_address(page); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMD_FREE static inline void pmd_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { BUG_ON((unsigned long)pmd & (PAGE_SIZE-1)); pgtable_pmd_page_dtor(virt_to_page(pmd)); free_page((unsigned long)pmd); } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 */ #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUD_ALLOC_ONE /** * pud_alloc_one - allocate a page for PUD-level page table * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context * * Allocates a page using %GFP_PGTABLE_USER for user context and * %GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL for kernel context. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ static inline pud_t *pud_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { gfp_t gfp = GFP_PGTABLE_USER; if (mm == &init_mm) gfp = GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL; return (pud_t *)get_zeroed_page(gfp); } #endif static inline void pud_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { BUG_ON((unsigned long)pud & (PAGE_SIZE-1)); free_page((unsigned long)pud); } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGD_FREE static inline void pgd_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd) { free_page((unsigned long)pgd); } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #endif /* __ASM_GENERIC_PGALLOC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * fscrypt.h: declarations for per-file encryption * * Filesystems that implement per-file encryption must include this header * file. * * Copyright (C) 2015, Google, Inc. * * Written by Michael Halcrow, 2015. * Modified by Jaegeuk Kim, 2015. */ #ifndef _LINUX_FSCRYPT_H #define _LINUX_FSCRYPT_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <uapi/linux/fscrypt.h> #define FS_CRYPTO_BLOCK_SIZE 16 union fscrypt_policy; struct fscrypt_info; struct seq_file; struct fscrypt_str { unsigned char *name; u32 len; }; struct fscrypt_name { const struct qstr *usr_fname; struct fscrypt_str disk_name; u32 hash; u32 minor_hash; struct fscrypt_str crypto_buf; bool is_nokey_name; }; #define FSTR_INIT(n, l) { .name = n, .len = l } #define FSTR_TO_QSTR(f) QSTR_INIT((f)->name, (f)->len) #define fname_name(p) ((p)->disk_name.name) #define fname_len(p) ((p)->disk_name.len) /* Maximum value for the third parameter of fscrypt_operations.set_context(). */ #define FSCRYPT_SET_CONTEXT_MAX_SIZE 40 #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION /* * fscrypt superblock flags */ #define FS_CFLG_OWN_PAGES (1U << 1) /* * crypto operations for filesystems */ struct fscrypt_operations { unsigned int flags; const char *key_prefix; int (*get_context)(struct inode *inode, void *ctx, size_t len); int (*set_context)(struct inode *inode, const void *ctx, size_t len, void *fs_data); const union fscrypt_policy *(*get_dummy_policy)(struct super_block *sb); bool (*empty_dir)(struct inode *inode); unsigned int max_namelen; bool (*has_stable_inodes)(struct super_block *sb); void (*get_ino_and_lblk_bits)(struct super_block *sb, int *ino_bits_ret, int *lblk_bits_ret); int (*get_num_devices)(struct super_block *sb); void (*get_devices)(struct super_block *sb, struct request_queue **devs); }; static inline struct fscrypt_info *fscrypt_get_info(const struct inode *inode) { /* * Pairs with the cmpxchg_release() in fscrypt_get_encryption_info(). * I.e., another task may publish ->i_crypt_info concurrently, executing * a RELEASE barrier. We need to use smp_load_acquire() here to safely * ACQUIRE the memory the other task published. */ return smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_crypt_info); } /** * fscrypt_needs_contents_encryption() - check whether an inode needs * contents encryption * @inode: the inode to check * * Return: %true iff the inode is an encrypted regular file and the kernel was * built with fscrypt support. * * If you need to know whether the encrypt bit is set even when the kernel was * built without fscrypt support, you must use IS_ENCRYPTED() directly instead. */ static inline bool fscrypt_needs_contents_encryption(const struct inode *inode) { return IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode); } /* * When d_splice_alias() moves a directory's no-key alias to its plaintext alias * as a result of the encryption key being added, DCACHE_NOKEY_NAME must be * cleared. Note that we don't have to support arbitrary moves of this flag * because fscrypt doesn't allow no-key names to be the source or target of a * rename(). */ static inline void fscrypt_handle_d_move(struct dentry *dentry) { dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_NOKEY_NAME; } /** * fscrypt_is_nokey_name() - test whether a dentry is a no-key name * @dentry: the dentry to check * * This returns true if the dentry is a no-key dentry. A no-key dentry is a * dentry that was created in an encrypted directory that hasn't had its * encryption key added yet. Such dentries may be either positive or negative. * * When a filesystem is asked to create a new filename in an encrypted directory * and the new filename's dentry is a no-key dentry, it must fail the operation * with ENOKEY. This includes ->create(), ->mkdir(), ->mknod(), ->symlink(), * ->rename(), and ->link(). (However, ->rename() and ->link() are already * handled by fscrypt_prepare_rename() and fscrypt_prepare_link().) * * This is necessary because creating a filename requires the directory's * encryption key, but just checking for the key on the directory inode during * the final filesystem operation doesn't guarantee that the key was available * during the preceding dentry lookup. And the key must have already been * available during the dentry lookup in order for it to have been checked * whether the filename already exists in the directory and for the new file's * dentry not to be invalidated due to it incorrectly having the no-key flag. * * Return: %true if the dentry is a no-key name */ static inline bool fscrypt_is_nokey_name(const struct dentry *dentry) { return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_NOKEY_NAME; } /* crypto.c */ void fscrypt_enqueue_decrypt_work(struct work_struct *); struct page *fscrypt_encrypt_pagecache_blocks(struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offs, gfp_t gfp_flags); int fscrypt_encrypt_block_inplace(const struct inode *inode, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offs, u64 lblk_num, gfp_t gfp_flags); int fscrypt_decrypt_pagecache_blocks(struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offs); int fscrypt_decrypt_block_inplace(const struct inode *inode, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offs, u64 lblk_num); static inline bool fscrypt_is_bounce_page(struct page *page) { return page->mapping == NULL; } static inline struct page *fscrypt_pagecache_page(struct page *bounce_page) { return (struct page *)page_private(bounce_page); } void fscrypt_free_bounce_page(struct page *bounce_page); /* policy.c */ int fscrypt_ioctl_set_policy(struct file *filp, const void __user *arg); int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy_ex(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); int fscrypt_ioctl_get_nonce(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); int fscrypt_has_permitted_context(struct inode *parent, struct inode *child); int fscrypt_set_context(struct inode *inode, void *fs_data); struct fscrypt_dummy_policy { const union fscrypt_policy *policy; }; int fscrypt_set_test_dummy_encryption(struct super_block *sb, const char *arg, struct fscrypt_dummy_policy *dummy_policy); void fscrypt_show_test_dummy_encryption(struct seq_file *seq, char sep, struct super_block *sb); static inline void fscrypt_free_dummy_policy(struct fscrypt_dummy_policy *dummy_policy) { kfree(dummy_policy->policy); dummy_policy->policy = NULL; } /* keyring.c */ void fscrypt_sb_free(struct super_block *sb); int fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key_all_users(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); int fscrypt_ioctl_get_key_status(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); /* keysetup.c */ int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode); int fscrypt_prepare_new_inode(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, bool *encrypt_ret); void fscrypt_put_encryption_info(struct inode *inode); void fscrypt_free_inode(struct inode *inode); int fscrypt_drop_inode(struct inode *inode); /* fname.c */ int fscrypt_setup_filename(struct inode *inode, const struct qstr *iname, int lookup, struct fscrypt_name *fname); static inline void fscrypt_free_filename(struct fscrypt_name *fname) { kfree(fname->crypto_buf.name); } int fscrypt_fname_alloc_buffer(u32 max_encrypted_len, struct fscrypt_str *crypto_str); void fscrypt_fname_free_buffer(struct fscrypt_str *crypto_str); int fscrypt_fname_disk_to_usr(const struct inode *inode, u32 hash, u32 minor_hash, const struct fscrypt_str *iname, struct fscrypt_str *oname); bool fscrypt_match_name(const struct fscrypt_name *fname, const u8 *de_name, u32 de_name_len); u64 fscrypt_fname_siphash(const struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *name); int fscrypt_d_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags); /* bio.c */ void fscrypt_decrypt_bio(struct bio *bio); int fscrypt_zeroout_range(const struct inode *inode, pgoff_t lblk, sector_t pblk, unsigned int len); /* hooks.c */ int fscrypt_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp); int __fscrypt_prepare_link(struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry); int __fscrypt_prepare_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, unsigned int flags); int __fscrypt_prepare_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct fscrypt_name *fname); int fscrypt_prepare_setflags(struct inode *inode, unsigned int oldflags, unsigned int flags); int fscrypt_prepare_symlink(struct inode *dir, const char *target, unsigned int len, unsigned int max_len, struct fscrypt_str *disk_link); int __fscrypt_encrypt_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *target, unsigned int len, struct fscrypt_str *disk_link); const char *fscrypt_get_symlink(struct inode *inode, const void *caddr, unsigned int max_size, struct delayed_call *done); int fscrypt_symlink_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat); static inline void fscrypt_set_ops(struct super_block *sb, const struct fscrypt_operations *s_cop) { sb->s_cop = s_cop; } #else /* !CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION */ static inline struct fscrypt_info *fscrypt_get_info(const struct inode *inode) { return NULL; } static inline bool fscrypt_needs_contents_encryption(const struct inode *inode) { return false; } static inline void fscrypt_handle_d_move(struct dentry *dentry) { } static inline bool fscrypt_is_nokey_name(const struct dentry *dentry) { return false; } /* crypto.c */ static inline void fscrypt_enqueue_decrypt_work(struct work_struct *work) { } static inline struct page *fscrypt_encrypt_pagecache_blocks(struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offs, gfp_t gfp_flags) { return ERR_PTR(-EOPNOTSUPP); } static inline int fscrypt_encrypt_block_inplace(const struct inode *inode, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offs, u64 lblk_num, gfp_t gfp_flags) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_decrypt_pagecache_blocks(struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offs) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_decrypt_block_inplace(const struct inode *inode, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offs, u64 lblk_num) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline bool fscrypt_is_bounce_page(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline struct page *fscrypt_pagecache_page(struct page *bounce_page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(1); return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline void fscrypt_free_bounce_page(struct page *bounce_page) { } /* policy.c */ static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_set_policy(struct file *filp, const void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_get_policy_ex(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_get_nonce(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_has_permitted_context(struct inode *parent, struct inode *child) { return 0; } static inline int fscrypt_set_context(struct inode *inode, void *fs_data) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } struct fscrypt_dummy_policy { }; static inline void fscrypt_show_test_dummy_encryption(struct seq_file *seq, char sep, struct super_block *sb) { } static inline void fscrypt_free_dummy_policy(struct fscrypt_dummy_policy *dummy_policy) { } /* keyring.c */ static inline void fscrypt_sb_free(struct super_block *sb) { } static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_add_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_remove_key_all_users(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_ioctl_get_key_status(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } /* keysetup.c */ static inline int fscrypt_get_encryption_info(struct inode *inode) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_prepare_new_inode(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, bool *encrypt_ret) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; return 0; } static inline void fscrypt_put_encryption_info(struct inode *inode) { return; } static inline void fscrypt_free_inode(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int fscrypt_drop_inode(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } /* fname.c */ static inline int fscrypt_setup_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, int lookup, struct fscrypt_name *fname) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; memset(fname, 0, sizeof(*fname)); fname->usr_fname = iname; fname->disk_name.name = (unsigned char *)iname->name; fname->disk_name.len = iname->len; return 0; } static inline void fscrypt_free_filename(struct fscrypt_name *fname) { return; } static inline int fscrypt_fname_alloc_buffer(u32 max_encrypted_len, struct fscrypt_str *crypto_str) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline void fscrypt_fname_free_buffer(struct fscrypt_str *crypto_str) { return; } static inline int fscrypt_fname_disk_to_usr(const struct inode *inode, u32 hash, u32 minor_hash, const struct fscrypt_str *iname, struct fscrypt_str *oname) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline bool fscrypt_match_name(const struct fscrypt_name *fname, const u8 *de_name, u32 de_name_len) { /* Encryption support disabled; use standard comparison */ if (de_name_len != fname->disk_name.len) return false; return !memcmp(de_name, fname->disk_name.name, fname->disk_name.len); } static inline u64 fscrypt_fname_siphash(const struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *name) { WARN_ON_ONCE(1); return 0; } static inline int fscrypt_d_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { return 1; } /* bio.c */ static inline void fscrypt_decrypt_bio(struct bio *bio) { } static inline int fscrypt_zeroout_range(const struct inode *inode, pgoff_t lblk, sector_t pblk, unsigned int len) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } /* hooks.c */ static inline int fscrypt_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; return 0; } static inline int __fscrypt_prepare_link(struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int __fscrypt_prepare_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, unsigned int flags) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int __fscrypt_prepare_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct fscrypt_name *fname) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int fscrypt_prepare_setflags(struct inode *inode, unsigned int oldflags, unsigned int flags) { return 0; } static inline int fscrypt_prepare_symlink(struct inode *dir, const char *target, unsigned int len, unsigned int max_len, struct fscrypt_str *disk_link) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; disk_link->name = (unsigned char *)target; disk_link->len = len + 1; if (disk_link->len > max_len) return -ENAMETOOLONG; return 0; } static inline int __fscrypt_encrypt_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *target, unsigned int len, struct fscrypt_str *disk_link) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline const char *fscrypt_get_symlink(struct inode *inode, const void *caddr, unsigned int max_size, struct delayed_call *done) { return ERR_PTR(-EOPNOTSUPP); } static inline int fscrypt_symlink_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline void fscrypt_set_ops(struct super_block *sb, const struct fscrypt_operations *s_cop) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION */ /* inline_crypt.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT bool __fscrypt_inode_uses_inline_crypto(const struct inode *inode); void fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx(struct bio *bio, const struct inode *inode, u64 first_lblk, gfp_t gfp_mask); void fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx_bh(struct bio *bio, const struct buffer_head *first_bh, gfp_t gfp_mask); bool fscrypt_mergeable_bio(struct bio *bio, const struct inode *inode, u64 next_lblk); bool fscrypt_mergeable_bio_bh(struct bio *bio, const struct buffer_head *next_bh); #else /* CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT */ static inline bool __fscrypt_inode_uses_inline_crypto(const struct inode *inode) { return false; } static inline void fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx(struct bio *bio, const struct inode *inode, u64 first_lblk, gfp_t gfp_mask) { } static inline void fscrypt_set_bio_crypt_ctx_bh( struct bio *bio, const struct buffer_head *first_bh, gfp_t gfp_mask) { } static inline bool fscrypt_mergeable_bio(struct bio *bio, const struct inode *inode, u64 next_lblk) { return true; } static inline bool fscrypt_mergeable_bio_bh(struct bio *bio, const struct buffer_head *next_bh) { return true; } #endif /* !CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT */ /** * fscrypt_inode_uses_inline_crypto() - test whether an inode uses inline * encryption * @inode: an inode. If encrypted, its key must be set up. * * Return: true if the inode requires file contents encryption and if the * encryption should be done in the block layer via blk-crypto rather * than in the filesystem layer. */ static inline bool fscrypt_inode_uses_inline_crypto(const struct inode *inode) { return fscrypt_needs_contents_encryption(inode) && __fscrypt_inode_uses_inline_crypto(inode); } /** * fscrypt_inode_uses_fs_layer_crypto() - test whether an inode uses fs-layer * encryption * @inode: an inode. If encrypted, its key must be set up. * * Return: true if the inode requires file contents encryption and if the * encryption should be done in the filesystem layer rather than in the * block layer via blk-crypto. */ static inline bool fscrypt_inode_uses_fs_layer_crypto(const struct inode *inode) { return fscrypt_needs_contents_encryption(inode) && !__fscrypt_inode_uses_inline_crypto(inode); } /** * fscrypt_has_encryption_key() - check whether an inode has had its key set up * @inode: the inode to check * * Return: %true if the inode has had its encryption key set up, else %false. * * Usually this should be preceded by fscrypt_get_encryption_info() to try to * set up the key first. */ static inline bool fscrypt_has_encryption_key(const struct inode *inode) { return fscrypt_get_info(inode) != NULL; } /** * fscrypt_require_key() - require an inode's encryption key * @inode: the inode we need the key for * * If the inode is encrypted, set up its encryption key if not already done. * Then require that the key be present and return -ENOKEY otherwise. * * No locks are needed, and the key will live as long as the struct inode --- so * it won't go away from under you. * * Return: 0 on success, -ENOKEY if the key is missing, or another -errno code * if a problem occurred while setting up the encryption key. */ static inline int fscrypt_require_key(struct inode *inode) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) { int err = fscrypt_get_encryption_info(inode); if (err) return err; if (!fscrypt_has_encryption_key(inode)) return -ENOKEY; } return 0; } /** * fscrypt_prepare_link() - prepare to link an inode into a possibly-encrypted * directory * @old_dentry: an existing dentry for the inode being linked * @dir: the target directory * @dentry: negative dentry for the target filename * * A new link can only be added to an encrypted directory if the directory's * encryption key is available --- since otherwise we'd have no way to encrypt * the filename. Therefore, we first set up the directory's encryption key (if * not already done) and return an error if it's unavailable. * * We also verify that the link will not violate the constraint that all files * in an encrypted directory tree use the same encryption policy. * * Return: 0 on success, -ENOKEY if the directory's encryption key is missing, * -EXDEV if the link would result in an inconsistent encryption policy, or * another -errno code. */ static inline int fscrypt_prepare_link(struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) return __fscrypt_prepare_link(d_inode(old_dentry), dir, dentry); return 0; } /** * fscrypt_prepare_rename() - prepare for a rename between possibly-encrypted * directories * @old_dir: source directory * @old_dentry: dentry for source file * @new_dir: target directory * @new_dentry: dentry for target location (may be negative unless exchanging) * @flags: rename flags (we care at least about %RENAME_EXCHANGE) * * Prepare for ->rename() where the source and/or target directories may be * encrypted. A new link can only be added to an encrypted directory if the * directory's encryption key is available --- since otherwise we'd have no way * to encrypt the filename. A rename to an existing name, on the other hand, * *is* cryptographically possible without the key. However, we take the more * conservative approach and just forbid all no-key renames. * * We also verify that the rename will not violate the constraint that all files * in an encrypted directory tree use the same encryption policy. * * Return: 0 on success, -ENOKEY if an encryption key is missing, -EXDEV if the * rename would cause inconsistent encryption policies, or another -errno code. */ static inline int fscrypt_prepare_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, unsigned int flags) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(old_dir) || IS_ENCRYPTED(new_dir)) return __fscrypt_prepare_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, flags); return 0; } /** * fscrypt_prepare_lookup() - prepare to lookup a name in a possibly-encrypted * directory * @dir: directory being searched * @dentry: filename being looked up * @fname: (output) the name to use to search the on-disk directory * * Prepare for ->lookup() in a directory which may be encrypted by determining * the name that will actually be used to search the directory on-disk. If the * directory's encryption key is available, then the lookup is assumed to be by * plaintext name; otherwise, it is assumed to be by no-key name. * * This also installs a custom ->d_revalidate() method which will invalidate the * dentry if it was created without the key and the key is later added. * * Return: 0 on success; -ENOENT if the directory's key is unavailable but the * filename isn't a valid no-key name, so a negative dentry should be created; * or another -errno code. */ static inline int fscrypt_prepare_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct fscrypt_name *fname) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) return __fscrypt_prepare_lookup(dir, dentry, fname); memset(fname, 0, sizeof(*fname)); fname->usr_fname = &dentry->d_name; fname->disk_name.name = (unsigned char *)dentry->d_name.name; fname->disk_name.len = dentry->d_name.len; return 0; } /** * fscrypt_prepare_setattr() - prepare to change a possibly-encrypted inode's * attributes * @dentry: dentry through which the inode is being changed * @attr: attributes to change * * Prepare for ->setattr() on a possibly-encrypted inode. On an encrypted file, * most attribute changes are allowed even without the encryption key. However, * without the encryption key we do have to forbid truncates. This is needed * because the size being truncated to may not be a multiple of the filesystem * block size, and in that case we'd have to decrypt the final block, zero the * portion past i_size, and re-encrypt it. (We *could* allow truncating to a * filesystem block boundary, but it's simpler to just forbid all truncates --- * and we already forbid all other contents modifications without the key.) * * Return: 0 on success, -ENOKEY if the key is missing, or another -errno code * if a problem occurred while setting up the encryption key. */ static inline int fscrypt_prepare_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr) { if (attr->ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) return fscrypt_require_key(d_inode(dentry)); return 0; } /** * fscrypt_encrypt_symlink() - encrypt the symlink target if needed * @inode: symlink inode * @target: plaintext symlink target * @len: length of @target excluding null terminator * @disk_link: (in/out) the on-disk symlink target being prepared * * If the symlink target needs to be encrypted, then this function encrypts it * into @disk_link->name. fscrypt_prepare_symlink() must have been called * previously to compute @disk_link->len. If the filesystem did not allocate a * buffer for @disk_link->name after calling fscrypt_prepare_link(), then one * will be kmalloc()'ed and the filesystem will be responsible for freeing it. * * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure */ static inline int fscrypt_encrypt_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *target, unsigned int len, struct fscrypt_str *disk_link) { if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) return __fscrypt_encrypt_symlink(inode, target, len, disk_link); return 0; } /* If *pagep is a bounce page, free it and set *pagep to the pagecache page */ static inline void fscrypt_finalize_bounce_page(struct page **pagep) { struct page *page = *pagep; if (fscrypt_is_bounce_page(page)) { *pagep = fscrypt_pagecache_page(page); fscrypt_free_bounce_page(page); } } #endif /* _LINUX_FSCRYPT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * A security context is a set of security attributes * associated with each subject and object controlled * by the security policy. Security contexts are * externally represented as variable-length strings * that can be interpreted by a user or application * with an understanding of the security policy. * Internally, the security server uses a simple * structure. This structure is private to the * security server and can be changed without affecting * clients of the security server. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> */ #ifndef _SS_CONTEXT_H_ #define _SS_CONTEXT_H_ #include "ebitmap.h" #include "mls_types.h" #include "security.h" /* * A security context consists of an authenticated user * identity, a role, a type and a MLS range. */ struct context { u32 user; u32 role; u32 type; u32 len; /* length of string in bytes */ struct mls_range range; char *str; /* string representation if context cannot be mapped. */ }; static inline void mls_context_init(struct context *c) { memset(&c->range, 0, sizeof(c->range)); } static inline int mls_context_cpy(struct context *dst, struct context *src) { int rc; dst->range.level[0].sens = src->range.level[0].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[0].cat, &src->range.level[0].cat); if (rc) goto out; dst->range.level[1].sens = src->range.level[1].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[1].cat, &src->range.level[1].cat); if (rc) ebitmap_destroy(&dst->range.level[0].cat); out: return rc; } /* * Sets both levels in the MLS range of 'dst' to the low level of 'src'. */ static inline int mls_context_cpy_low(struct context *dst, struct context *src) { int rc; dst->range.level[0].sens = src->range.level[0].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[0].cat, &src->range.level[0].cat); if (rc) goto out; dst->range.level[1].sens = src->range.level[0].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[1].cat, &src->range.level[0].cat); if (rc) ebitmap_destroy(&dst->range.level[0].cat); out: return rc; } /* * Sets both levels in the MLS range of 'dst' to the high level of 'src'. */ static inline int mls_context_cpy_high(struct context *dst, struct context *src) { int rc; dst->range.level[0].sens = src->range.level[1].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[0].cat, &src->range.level[1].cat); if (rc) goto out; dst->range.level[1].sens = src->range.level[1].sens; rc = ebitmap_cpy(&dst->range.level[1].cat, &src->range.level[1].cat); if (rc) ebitmap_destroy(&dst->range.level[0].cat); out: return rc; } static inline int mls_context_glblub(struct context *dst, struct context *c1, struct context *c2) { struct mls_range *dr = &dst->range, *r1 = &c1->range, *r2 = &c2->range; int rc = 0; if (r1->level[1].sens < r2->level[0].sens || r2->level[1].sens < r1->level[0].sens) /* These ranges have no common sensitivities */ return -EINVAL; /* Take the greatest of the low */ dr->level[0].sens = max(r1->level[0].sens, r2->level[0].sens); /* Take the least of the high */ dr->level[1].sens = min(r1->level[1].sens, r2->level[1].sens); rc = ebitmap_and(&dr->level[0].cat, &r1->level[0].cat, &r2->level[0].cat); if (rc) goto out; rc = ebitmap_and(&dr->level[1].cat, &r1->level[1].cat, &r2->level[1].cat); if (rc) goto out; out: return rc; } static inline int mls_context_cmp(struct context *c1, struct context *c2) { return ((c1->range.level[0].sens == c2->range.level[0].sens) && ebitmap_cmp(&c1->range.level[0].cat, &c2->range.level[0].cat) && (c1->range.level[1].sens == c2->range.level[1].sens) && ebitmap_cmp(&c1->range.level[1].cat, &c2->range.level[1].cat)); } static inline void mls_context_destroy(struct context *c) { ebitmap_destroy(&c->range.level[0].cat); ebitmap_destroy(&c->range.level[1].cat); mls_context_init(c); } static inline void context_init(struct context *c) { memset(c, 0, sizeof(*c)); } static inline int context_cpy(struct context *dst, struct context *src) { int rc; dst->user = src->user; dst->role = src->role; dst->type = src->type; if (src->str) { dst->str = kstrdup(src->str, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!dst->str) return -ENOMEM; dst->len = src->len; } else { dst->str = NULL; dst->len = 0; } rc = mls_context_cpy(dst, src); if (rc) { kfree(dst->str); return rc; } return 0; } static inline void context_destroy(struct context *c) { c->user = c->role = c->type = 0; kfree(c->str); c->str = NULL; c->len = 0; mls_context_destroy(c); } static inline int context_cmp(struct context *c1, struct context *c2) { if (c1->len && c2->len) return (c1->len == c2->len && !strcmp(c1->str, c2->str)); if (c1->len || c2->len) return 0; return ((c1->user == c2->user) && (c1->role == c2->role) && (c1->type == c2->type) && mls_context_cmp(c1, c2)); } u32 context_compute_hash(const struct context *c); #endif /* _SS_CONTEXT_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* Rewritten and vastly simplified by Rusty Russell for in-kernel * module loader: * Copyright 2002 Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> IBM Corporation */ #ifndef _LINUX_KALLSYMS_H #define _LINUX_KALLSYMS_H #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #define KSYM_NAME_LEN 128 #define KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN (sizeof("%s+%#lx/%#lx [%s]") + (KSYM_NAME_LEN - 1) + \ 2*(BITS_PER_LONG*3/10) + (MODULE_NAME_LEN - 1) + 1) struct cred; struct module; static inline int is_kernel_inittext(unsigned long addr) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)_sinittext && addr <= (unsigned long)_einittext) return 1; return 0; } static inline int is_kernel_text(unsigned long addr) { if ((addr >= (unsigned long)_stext && addr <= (unsigned long)_etext) || arch_is_kernel_text(addr)) return 1; return in_gate_area_no_mm(addr); } static inline int is_kernel(unsigned long addr) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)_stext && addr <= (unsigned long)_end) return 1; return in_gate_area_no_mm(addr); } static inline int is_ksym_addr(unsigned long addr) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL)) return is_kernel(addr); return is_kernel_text(addr) || is_kernel_inittext(addr); } static inline void *dereference_symbol_descriptor(void *ptr) { #ifdef HAVE_DEREFERENCE_FUNCTION_DESCRIPTOR struct module *mod; ptr = dereference_kernel_function_descriptor(ptr); if (is_ksym_addr((unsigned long)ptr)) return ptr; preempt_disable(); mod = __module_address((unsigned long)ptr); preempt_enable(); if (mod) ptr = dereference_module_function_descriptor(mod, ptr); #endif return ptr; } #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS /* Lookup the address for a symbol. Returns 0 if not found. */ unsigned long kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name); /* Call a function on each kallsyms symbol in the core kernel */ int kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *, struct module *, unsigned long), void *data); extern int kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset); /* Lookup an address. modname is set to NULL if it's in the kernel. */ const char *kallsyms_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset, char **modname, char *namebuf); /* Look up a kernel symbol and return it in a text buffer. */ extern int sprint_symbol(char *buffer, unsigned long address); extern int sprint_symbol_no_offset(char *buffer, unsigned long address); extern int sprint_backtrace(char *buffer, unsigned long address); int lookup_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname); int lookup_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name); /* How and when do we show kallsyms values? */ extern bool kallsyms_show_value(const struct cred *cred); #else /* !CONFIG_KALLSYMS */ static inline unsigned long kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name) { return 0; } static inline int kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *, struct module *, unsigned long), void *data) { return 0; } static inline int kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset) { return 0; } static inline const char *kallsyms_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize, unsigned long *offset, char **modname, char *namebuf) { return NULL; } static inline int sprint_symbol(char *buffer, unsigned long addr) { *buffer = '\0'; return 0; } static inline int sprint_symbol_no_offset(char *buffer, unsigned long addr) { *buffer = '\0'; return 0; } static inline int sprint_backtrace(char *buffer, unsigned long addr) { *buffer = '\0'; return 0; } static inline int lookup_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname) { return -ERANGE; } static inline int lookup_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name) { return -ERANGE; } static inline bool kallsyms_show_value(const struct cred *cred) { return false; } #endif /*CONFIG_KALLSYMS*/ static inline void print_ip_sym(const char *loglvl, unsigned long ip) { printk("%s[<%px>] %pS\n", loglvl, (void *) ip, (void *) ip); } #endif /*_LINUX_KALLSYMS_H*/
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __KERNEL_PRINTK__ #define __KERNEL_PRINTK__ #include <stdarg.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/kern_levels.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/ratelimit_types.h> extern const char linux_banner[]; extern const char linux_proc_banner[]; extern int oops_in_progress; /* If set, an oops, panic(), BUG() or die() is in progress */ #define PRINTK_MAX_SINGLE_HEADER_LEN 2 static inline int printk_get_level(const char *buffer) { if (buffer[0] == KERN_SOH_ASCII && buffer[1]) { switch (buffer[1]) { case '0' ... '7': case 'c': /* KERN_CONT */ return buffer[1]; } } return 0; } static inline const char *printk_skip_level(const char *buffer) { if (printk_get_level(buffer)) return buffer + 2; return buffer; } static inline const char *printk_skip_headers(const char *buffer) { while (printk_get_level(buffer)) buffer = printk_skip_level(buffer); return buffer; } #define CONSOLE_EXT_LOG_MAX 8192 /* printk's without a loglevel use this.. */ #define MESSAGE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT CONFIG_MESSAGE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT /* We show everything that is MORE important than this.. */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_SILENT 0 /* Mum's the word */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_MIN 1 /* Minimum loglevel we let people use */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_DEBUG 10 /* issue debug messages */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_MOTORMOUTH 15 /* You can't shut this one up */ /* * Default used to be hard-coded at 7, quiet used to be hardcoded at 4, * we're now allowing both to be set from kernel config. */ #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT CONFIG_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_DEFAULT #define CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_QUIET CONFIG_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_QUIET extern int console_printk[]; #define console_loglevel (console_printk[0]) #define default_message_loglevel (console_printk[1]) #define minimum_console_loglevel (console_printk[2]) #define default_console_loglevel (console_printk[3]) static inline void console_silent(void) { console_loglevel = CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_SILENT; } static inline void console_verbose(void) { if (console_loglevel) console_loglevel = CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL_MOTORMOUTH; } /* strlen("ratelimit") + 1 */ #define DEVKMSG_STR_MAX_SIZE 10 extern char devkmsg_log_str[]; struct ctl_table; extern int suppress_printk; struct va_format { const char *fmt; va_list *va; }; /* * FW_BUG * Add this to a message where you are sure the firmware is buggy or behaves * really stupid or out of spec. Be aware that the responsible BIOS developer * should be able to fix this issue or at least get a concrete idea of the * problem by reading your message without the need of looking at the kernel * code. * * Use it for definite and high priority BIOS bugs. * * FW_WARN * Use it for not that clear (e.g. could the kernel messed up things already?) * and medium priority BIOS bugs. * * FW_INFO * Use this one if you want to tell the user or vendor about something * suspicious, but generally harmless related to the firmware. * * Use it for information or very low priority BIOS bugs. */ #define FW_BUG "[Firmware Bug]: " #define FW_WARN "[Firmware Warn]: " #define FW_INFO "[Firmware Info]: " /* * HW_ERR * Add this to a message for hardware errors, so that user can report * it to hardware vendor instead of LKML or software vendor. */ #define HW_ERR "[Hardware Error]: " /* * DEPRECATED * Add this to a message whenever you want to warn user space about the use * of a deprecated aspect of an API so they can stop using it */ #define DEPRECATED "[Deprecated]: " /* * Dummy printk for disabled debugging statements to use whilst maintaining * gcc's format checking. */ #define no_printk(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ if (0) \ printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ 0; \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK extern asmlinkage __printf(1, 2) void early_printk(const char *fmt, ...); #else static inline __printf(1, 2) __cold void early_printk(const char *s, ...) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK_NMI extern void printk_nmi_enter(void); extern void printk_nmi_exit(void); extern void printk_nmi_direct_enter(void); extern void printk_nmi_direct_exit(void); #else static inline void printk_nmi_enter(void) { } static inline void printk_nmi_exit(void) { } static inline void printk_nmi_direct_enter(void) { } static inline void printk_nmi_direct_exit(void) { } #endif /* PRINTK_NMI */ struct dev_printk_info; #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK asmlinkage __printf(4, 0) int vprintk_emit(int facility, int level, const struct dev_printk_info *dev_info, const char *fmt, va_list args); asmlinkage __printf(1, 0) int vprintk(const char *fmt, va_list args); asmlinkage __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk(const char *fmt, ...); /* * Special printk facility for scheduler/timekeeping use only, _DO_NOT_USE_ ! */ __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk_deferred(const char *fmt, ...); /* * Please don't use printk_ratelimit(), because it shares ratelimiting state * with all other unrelated printk_ratelimit() callsites. Instead use * printk_ratelimited() or plain old __ratelimit(). */ extern int __printk_ratelimit(const char *func); #define printk_ratelimit() __printk_ratelimit(__func__) extern bool printk_timed_ratelimit(unsigned long *caller_jiffies, unsigned int interval_msec); extern int printk_delay_msec; extern int dmesg_restrict; extern int devkmsg_sysctl_set_loglvl(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buf, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); extern void wake_up_klogd(void); char *log_buf_addr_get(void); u32 log_buf_len_get(void); void log_buf_vmcoreinfo_setup(void); void __init setup_log_buf(int early); __printf(1, 2) void dump_stack_set_arch_desc(const char *fmt, ...); void dump_stack_print_info(const char *log_lvl); void show_regs_print_info(const char *log_lvl); extern asmlinkage void dump_stack(void) __cold; extern void printk_safe_flush(void); extern void printk_safe_flush_on_panic(void); #else static inline __printf(1, 0) int vprintk(const char *s, va_list args) { return 0; } static inline __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk(const char *s, ...) { return 0; } static inline __printf(1, 2) __cold int printk_deferred(const char *s, ...) { return 0; } static inline int printk_ratelimit(void) { return 0; } static inline bool printk_timed_ratelimit(unsigned long *caller_jiffies, unsigned int interval_msec) { return false; } static inline void wake_up_klogd(void) { } static inline char *log_buf_addr_get(void) { return NULL; } static inline u32 log_buf_len_get(void) { return 0; } static inline void log_buf_vmcoreinfo_setup(void) { } static inline void setup_log_buf(int early) { } static inline __printf(1, 2) void dump_stack_set_arch_desc(const char *fmt, ...) { } static inline void dump_stack_print_info(const char *log_lvl) { } static inline void show_regs_print_info(const char *log_lvl) { } static inline void dump_stack(void) { } static inline void printk_safe_flush(void) { } static inline void printk_safe_flush_on_panic(void) { } #endif extern int kptr_restrict; /** * pr_fmt - used by the pr_*() macros to generate the printk format string * @fmt: format string passed from a pr_*() macro * * This macro can be used to generate a unified format string for pr_*() * macros. A common use is to prefix all pr_*() messages in a file with a common * string. For example, defining this at the top of a source file: * * #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt * * would prefix all pr_info, pr_emerg... messages in the file with the module * name. */ #ifndef pr_fmt #define pr_fmt(fmt) fmt #endif /** * pr_emerg - Print an emergency-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_EMERG loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_emerg(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_EMERG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_alert - Print an alert-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_ALERT loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_alert(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_ALERT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_crit - Print a critical-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_CRIT loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_crit(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_CRIT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_err - Print an error-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_ERR loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_err(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_ERR pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_warn - Print a warning-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_WARNING loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() * to generate the format string. */ #define pr_warn(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_WARNING pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_notice - Print a notice-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_NOTICE loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_notice(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_NOTICE pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_info - Print an info-level message * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_INFO loglevel. It uses pr_fmt() to * generate the format string. */ #define pr_info(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_INFO pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_cont - Continues a previous log message in the same line. * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_CONT loglevel. It should only be * used when continuing a log message with no newline ('\n') enclosed. Otherwise * it defaults back to KERN_DEFAULT loglevel. */ #define pr_cont(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_CONT fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) /** * pr_devel - Print a debug-level message conditionally * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to a printk with KERN_DEBUG loglevel if DEBUG is * defined. Otherwise it does nothing. * * It uses pr_fmt() to generate the format string. */ #ifdef DEBUG #define pr_devel(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_devel(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* If you are writing a driver, please use dev_dbg instead */ #if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG) || \ (defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_CORE) && defined(DYNAMIC_DEBUG_MODULE)) #include <linux/dynamic_debug.h> /** * pr_debug - Print a debug-level message conditionally * @fmt: format string * @...: arguments for the format string * * This macro expands to dynamic_pr_debug() if CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG is * set. Otherwise, if DEBUG is defined, it's equivalent to a printk with * KERN_DEBUG loglevel. If DEBUG is not defined it does nothing. * * It uses pr_fmt() to generate the format string (dynamic_pr_debug() uses * pr_fmt() internally). */ #define pr_debug(fmt, ...) \ dynamic_pr_debug(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #elif defined(DEBUG) #define pr_debug(fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_debug(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * Print a one-time message (analogous to WARN_ONCE() et al): */ #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define printk_once(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ static bool __section(".data.once") __print_once; \ bool __ret_print_once = !__print_once; \ \ if (!__print_once) { \ __print_once = true; \ printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } \ unlikely(__ret_print_once); \ }) #define printk_deferred_once(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ static bool __section(".data.once") __print_once; \ bool __ret_print_once = !__print_once; \ \ if (!__print_once) { \ __print_once = true; \ printk_deferred(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } \ unlikely(__ret_print_once); \ }) #else #define printk_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define printk_deferred_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define pr_emerg_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_EMERG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_alert_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_ALERT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_crit_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_CRIT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_err_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_ERR pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_warn_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_WARNING pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_notice_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_NOTICE pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_info_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_INFO pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /* no pr_cont_once, don't do that... */ #if defined(DEBUG) #define pr_devel_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_devel_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* If you are writing a driver, please use dev_dbg instead */ #if defined(DEBUG) #define pr_debug_once(fmt, ...) \ printk_once(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_debug_once(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * ratelimited messages with local ratelimit_state, * no local ratelimit_state used in the !PRINTK case */ #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define printk_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ ({ \ static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(_rs, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); \ \ if (__ratelimit(&_rs)) \ printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ }) #else #define printk_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define pr_emerg_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_EMERG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_alert_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_ALERT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_crit_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_CRIT pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_err_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_ERR pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_warn_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_WARNING pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_notice_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_NOTICE pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define pr_info_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_INFO pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) /* no pr_cont_ratelimited, don't do that... */ #if defined(DEBUG) #define pr_devel_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_devel_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* If you are writing a driver, please use dev_dbg instead */ #if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG) || \ (defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_CORE) && defined(DYNAMIC_DEBUG_MODULE)) /* descriptor check is first to prevent flooding with "callbacks suppressed" */ #define pr_debug_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ do { \ static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(_rs, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, \ DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST); \ DEFINE_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_METADATA(descriptor, pr_fmt(fmt)); \ if (DYNAMIC_DEBUG_BRANCH(descriptor) && \ __ratelimit(&_rs)) \ __dynamic_pr_debug(&descriptor, pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } while (0) #elif defined(DEBUG) #define pr_debug_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ printk_ratelimited(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define pr_debug_ratelimited(fmt, ...) \ no_printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif extern const struct file_operations kmsg_fops; enum { DUMP_PREFIX_NONE, DUMP_PREFIX_ADDRESS, DUMP_PREFIX_OFFSET }; extern int hex_dump_to_buffer(const void *buf, size_t len, int rowsize, int groupsize, char *linebuf, size_t linebuflen, bool ascii); #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK extern void print_hex_dump(const char *level, const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii); #else static inline void print_hex_dump(const char *level, const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii) { } static inline void print_hex_dump_bytes(const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, const void *buf, size_t len) { } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG) || \ (defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG_CORE) && defined(DYNAMIC_DEBUG_MODULE)) #define print_hex_dump_debug(prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) \ dynamic_hex_dump(prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) #elif defined(DEBUG) #define print_hex_dump_debug(prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) \ print_hex_dump(KERN_DEBUG, prefix_str, prefix_type, rowsize, \ groupsize, buf, len, ascii) #else static inline void print_hex_dump_debug(const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii) { } #endif /** * print_hex_dump_bytes - shorthand form of print_hex_dump() with default params * @prefix_str: string to prefix each line with; * caller supplies trailing spaces for alignment if desired * @prefix_type: controls whether prefix of an offset, address, or none * is printed (%DUMP_PREFIX_OFFSET, %DUMP_PREFIX_ADDRESS, %DUMP_PREFIX_NONE) * @buf: data blob to dump * @len: number of bytes in the @buf * * Calls print_hex_dump(), with log level of KERN_DEBUG, * rowsize of 16, groupsize of 1, and ASCII output included. */ #define print_hex_dump_bytes(prefix_str, prefix_type, buf, len) \ print_hex_dump_debug(prefix_str, prefix_type, 16, 1, buf, len, true) #endif
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_NOTIFY_H #define _LINUX_FS_NOTIFY_H /* * include/linux/fsnotify.h - generic hooks for filesystem notification, to * reduce in-source duplication from both dnotify and inotify. * * We don't compile any of this away in some complicated menagerie of ifdefs. * Instead, we rely on the code inside to optimize away as needed. * * (C) Copyright 2005 Robert Love */ #include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/bug.h> /* * Notify this @dir inode about a change in a child directory entry. * The directory entry may have turned positive or negative or its inode may * have changed (i.e. renamed over). * * Unlike fsnotify_parent(), the event will be reported regardless of the * FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD mask on the parent inode and will not be reported if only * the child is interested and not the parent. */ static inline void fsnotify_name(struct inode *dir, __u32 mask, struct inode *child, const struct qstr *name, u32 cookie) { fsnotify(mask, child, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE, dir, name, NULL, cookie); } static inline void fsnotify_dirent(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask) { fsnotify_name(dir, mask, d_inode(dentry), &dentry->d_name, 0); } static inline void fsnotify_inode(struct inode *inode, __u32 mask) { if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) mask |= FS_ISDIR; fsnotify(mask, inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE, NULL, NULL, inode, 0); } /* Notify this dentry's parent about a child's events. */ static inline int fsnotify_parent(struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask, const void *data, int data_type) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { mask |= FS_ISDIR; /* sb/mount marks are not interested in name of directory */ if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED)) goto notify_child; } /* disconnected dentry cannot notify parent */ if (IS_ROOT(dentry)) goto notify_child; return __fsnotify_parent(dentry, mask, data, data_type); notify_child: return fsnotify(mask, data, data_type, NULL, NULL, inode, 0); } /* * Simple wrappers to consolidate calls to fsnotify_parent() when an event * is on a file/dentry. */ static inline void fsnotify_dentry(struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask) { fsnotify_parent(dentry, mask, d_inode(dentry), FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE); } static inline int fsnotify_file(struct file *file, __u32 mask) { const struct path *path = &file->f_path; if (file->f_mode & FMODE_NONOTIFY) return 0; return fsnotify_parent(path->dentry, mask, path, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH); } /* Simple call site for access decisions */ static inline int fsnotify_perm(struct file *file, int mask) { int ret; __u32 fsnotify_mask = 0; if (!(mask & (MAY_READ | MAY_OPEN))) return 0; if (mask & MAY_OPEN) { fsnotify_mask = FS_OPEN_PERM; if (file->f_flags & __FMODE_EXEC) { ret = fsnotify_file(file, FS_OPEN_EXEC_PERM); if (ret) return ret; } } else if (mask & MAY_READ) { fsnotify_mask = FS_ACCESS_PERM; } return fsnotify_file(file, fsnotify_mask); } /* * fsnotify_link_count - inode's link count changed */ static inline void fsnotify_link_count(struct inode *inode) { fsnotify_inode(inode, FS_ATTRIB); } /* * fsnotify_move - file old_name at old_dir was moved to new_name at new_dir */ static inline void fsnotify_move(struct inode *old_dir, struct inode *new_dir, const struct qstr *old_name, int isdir, struct inode *target, struct dentry *moved) { struct inode *source = moved->d_inode; u32 fs_cookie = fsnotify_get_cookie(); __u32 old_dir_mask = FS_MOVED_FROM; __u32 new_dir_mask = FS_MOVED_TO; const struct qstr *new_name = &moved->d_name; if (old_dir == new_dir) old_dir_mask |= FS_DN_RENAME; if (isdir) { old_dir_mask |= FS_ISDIR; new_dir_mask |= FS_ISDIR; } fsnotify_name(old_dir, old_dir_mask, source, old_name, fs_cookie); fsnotify_name(new_dir, new_dir_mask, source, new_name, fs_cookie); if (target) fsnotify_link_count(target); fsnotify_inode(source, FS_MOVE_SELF); audit_inode_child(new_dir, moved, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); } /* * fsnotify_inode_delete - and inode is being evicted from cache, clean up is needed */ static inline void fsnotify_inode_delete(struct inode *inode) { __fsnotify_inode_delete(inode); } /* * fsnotify_vfsmount_delete - a vfsmount is being destroyed, clean up is needed */ static inline void fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(struct vfsmount *mnt) { __fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(mnt); } /* * fsnotify_inoderemove - an inode is going away */ static inline void fsnotify_inoderemove(struct inode *inode) { fsnotify_inode(inode, FS_DELETE_SELF); __fsnotify_inode_delete(inode); } /* * fsnotify_create - 'name' was linked in */ static inline void fsnotify_create(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { audit_inode_child(inode, dentry, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); fsnotify_dirent(inode, dentry, FS_CREATE); } /* * fsnotify_link - new hardlink in 'inode' directory * Note: We have to pass also the linked inode ptr as some filesystems leave * new_dentry->d_inode NULL and instantiate inode pointer later */ static inline void fsnotify_link(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *new_dentry) { fsnotify_link_count(inode); audit_inode_child(dir, new_dentry, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); fsnotify_name(dir, FS_CREATE, inode, &new_dentry->d_name, 0); } /* * fsnotify_delete - @dentry was unlinked and unhashed * * Caller must make sure that dentry->d_name is stable. * * Note: unlike fsnotify_unlink(), we have to pass also the unlinked inode * as this may be called after d_delete() and old_dentry may be negative. */ static inline void fsnotify_delete(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { __u32 mask = FS_DELETE; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) mask |= FS_ISDIR; fsnotify_name(dir, mask, inode, &dentry->d_name, 0); } /** * d_delete_notify - delete a dentry and call fsnotify_delete() * @dentry: The dentry to delete * * This helper is used to guaranty that the unlinked inode cannot be found * by lookup of this name after fsnotify_delete() event has been delivered. */ static inline void d_delete_notify(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); ihold(inode); d_delete(dentry); fsnotify_delete(dir, inode, dentry); iput(inode); } /* * fsnotify_unlink - 'name' was unlinked * * Caller must make sure that dentry->d_name is stable. */ static inline void fsnotify_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(d_is_negative(dentry))) return; fsnotify_delete(dir, d_inode(dentry), dentry); } /* * fsnotify_mkdir - directory 'name' was created */ static inline void fsnotify_mkdir(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { audit_inode_child(inode, dentry, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); fsnotify_dirent(inode, dentry, FS_CREATE | FS_ISDIR); } /* * fsnotify_rmdir - directory 'name' was removed * * Caller must make sure that dentry->d_name is stable. */ static inline void fsnotify_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(d_is_negative(dentry))) return; fsnotify_delete(dir, d_inode(dentry), dentry); } /* * fsnotify_access - file was read */ static inline void fsnotify_access(struct file *file) { fsnotify_file(file, FS_ACCESS); } /* * fsnotify_modify - file was modified */ static inline void fsnotify_modify(struct file *file) { fsnotify_file(file, FS_MODIFY); } /* * fsnotify_open - file was opened */ static inline void fsnotify_open(struct file *file) { __u32 mask = FS_OPEN; if (file->f_flags & __FMODE_EXEC) mask |= FS_OPEN_EXEC; fsnotify_file(file, mask); } /* * fsnotify_close - file was closed */ static inline void fsnotify_close(struct file *file) { __u32 mask = (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) ? FS_CLOSE_WRITE : FS_CLOSE_NOWRITE; fsnotify_file(file, mask); } /* * fsnotify_xattr - extended attributes were changed */ static inline void fsnotify_xattr(struct dentry *dentry) { fsnotify_dentry(dentry, FS_ATTRIB); } /* * fsnotify_change - notify_change event. file was modified and/or metadata * was changed. */ static inline void fsnotify_change(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int ia_valid) { __u32 mask = 0; if (ia_valid & ATTR_UID) mask |= FS_ATTRIB; if (ia_valid & ATTR_GID) mask |= FS_ATTRIB; if (ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) mask |= FS_MODIFY; /* both times implies a utime(s) call */ if ((ia_valid & (ATTR_ATIME | ATTR_MTIME)) == (ATTR_ATIME | ATTR_MTIME)) mask |= FS_ATTRIB; else if (ia_valid & ATTR_ATIME) mask |= FS_ACCESS; else if (ia_valid & ATTR_MTIME) mask |= FS_MODIFY; if (ia_valid & ATTR_MODE) mask |= FS_ATTRIB; if (mask) fsnotify_dentry(dentry, mask); } #endif /* _LINUX_FS_NOTIFY_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * This file provides wrappers with sanitizer instrumentation for non-atomic * bit operations. * * To use this functionality, an arch's bitops.h file needs to define each of * the below bit operations with an arch_ prefix (e.g. arch_set_bit(), * arch___set_bit(), etc.). */ #ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H #define _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H #include <linux/instrumented.h> /** * __set_bit - Set a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to set * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike set_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___set_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __clear_bit - Clears a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to clear * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike clear_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___clear_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __change_bit - Toggle a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to change * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike change_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___change_bit(nr, addr); } static inline void __instrument_read_write_bitop(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KCSAN_ASSUME_PLAIN_WRITES_ATOMIC)) { /* * We treat non-atomic read-write bitops a little more special. * Given the operations here only modify a single bit, assuming * non-atomicity of the writer is sufficient may be reasonable * for certain usage (and follows the permissible nature of the * assume-plain-writes-atomic rule): * 1. report read-modify-write races -> check read; * 2. do not report races with marked readers, but do report * races with unmarked readers -> check "atomic" write. */ kcsan_check_read(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); /* * Use generic write instrumentation, in case other sanitizers * or tools are enabled alongside KCSAN. */ instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); } else { instrument_read_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); } } /** * __test_and_set_bit - Set a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to set * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_set_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __test_and_clear_bit - Clear a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to clear * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_clear_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __test_and_change_bit - Change a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to change * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_change_bit(nr, addr); } /** * test_bit - Determine whether a bit is set * @nr: bit number to test * @addr: Address to start counting from */ static inline bool test_bit(long nr, const volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_atomic_read(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); return arch_test_bit(nr, addr); } #endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 OR MIT */ /* * Copyright (C) 2015-2019 Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com>. All Rights Reserved. */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_BLAKE2S_H #define _CRYPTO_BLAKE2S_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/string.h> enum blake2s_lengths { BLAKE2S_BLOCK_SIZE = 64, BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE = 32, BLAKE2S_KEY_SIZE = 32, BLAKE2S_128_HASH_SIZE = 16, BLAKE2S_160_HASH_SIZE = 20, BLAKE2S_224_HASH_SIZE = 28, BLAKE2S_256_HASH_SIZE = 32, }; struct blake2s_state { /* 'h', 't', and 'f' are used in assembly code, so keep them as-is. */ u32 h[8]; u32 t[2]; u32 f[2]; u8 buf[BLAKE2S_BLOCK_SIZE]; unsigned int buflen; unsigned int outlen; }; enum blake2s_iv { BLAKE2S_IV0 = 0x6A09E667UL, BLAKE2S_IV1 = 0xBB67AE85UL, BLAKE2S_IV2 = 0x3C6EF372UL, BLAKE2S_IV3 = 0xA54FF53AUL, BLAKE2S_IV4 = 0x510E527FUL, BLAKE2S_IV5 = 0x9B05688CUL, BLAKE2S_IV6 = 0x1F83D9ABUL, BLAKE2S_IV7 = 0x5BE0CD19UL, }; static inline void __blake2s_init(struct blake2s_state *state, size_t outlen, const void *key, size_t keylen) { state->h[0] = BLAKE2S_IV0 ^ (0x01010000 | keylen << 8 | outlen); state->h[1] = BLAKE2S_IV1; state->h[2] = BLAKE2S_IV2; state->h[3] = BLAKE2S_IV3; state->h[4] = BLAKE2S_IV4; state->h[5] = BLAKE2S_IV5; state->h[6] = BLAKE2S_IV6; state->h[7] = BLAKE2S_IV7; state->t[0] = 0; state->t[1] = 0; state->f[0] = 0; state->f[1] = 0; state->buflen = 0; state->outlen = outlen; if (keylen) { memcpy(state->buf, key, keylen); memset(&state->buf[keylen], 0, BLAKE2S_BLOCK_SIZE - keylen); state->buflen = BLAKE2S_BLOCK_SIZE; } } static inline void blake2s_init(struct blake2s_state *state, const size_t outlen) { __blake2s_init(state, outlen, NULL, 0); } static inline void blake2s_init_key(struct blake2s_state *state, const size_t outlen, const void *key, const size_t keylen) { WARN_ON(IS_ENABLED(DEBUG) && (!outlen || outlen > BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE || !key || !keylen || keylen > BLAKE2S_KEY_SIZE)); __blake2s_init(state, outlen, key, keylen); } void blake2s_update(struct blake2s_state *state, const u8 *in, size_t inlen); void blake2s_final(struct blake2s_state *state, u8 *out); static inline void blake2s(u8 *out, const u8 *in, const u8 *key, const size_t outlen, const size_t inlen, const size_t keylen) { struct blake2s_state state; WARN_ON(IS_ENABLED(DEBUG) && ((!in && inlen > 0) || !out || !outlen || outlen > BLAKE2S_HASH_SIZE || keylen > BLAKE2S_KEY_SIZE || (!key && keylen))); __blake2s_init(&state, outlen, key, keylen); blake2s_update(&state, in, inlen); blake2s_final(&state, out); } #endif /* _CRYPTO_BLAKE2S_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_TERMIOS_H #define _ASM_GENERIC_TERMIOS_H #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <uapi/asm-generic/termios.h> /* intr=^C quit=^\ erase=del kill=^U eof=^D vtime=\0 vmin=\1 sxtc=\0 start=^Q stop=^S susp=^Z eol=\0 reprint=^R discard=^U werase=^W lnext=^V eol2=\0 */ #define INIT_C_CC "\003\034\177\025\004\0\1\0\021\023\032\0\022\017\027\026\0" /* * Translate a "termio" structure into a "termios". Ugh. */ static inline int user_termio_to_kernel_termios(struct ktermios *termios, const struct termio __user *termio) { unsigned short tmp; if (get_user(tmp, &termio->c_iflag) < 0) goto fault; termios->c_iflag = (0xffff0000 & termios->c_iflag) | tmp; if (get_user(tmp, &termio->c_oflag) < 0) goto fault; termios->c_oflag = (0xffff0000 & termios->c_oflag) | tmp; if (get_user(tmp, &termio->c_cflag) < 0) goto fault; termios->c_cflag = (0xffff0000 & termios->c_cflag) | tmp; if (get_user(tmp, &termio->c_lflag) < 0) goto fault; termios->c_lflag = (0xffff0000 & termios->c_lflag) | tmp; if (get_user(termios->c_line, &termio->c_line) < 0) goto fault; if (copy_from_user(termios->c_cc, termio->c_cc, NCC) != 0) goto fault; return 0; fault: return -EFAULT; } /* * Translate a "termios" structure into a "termio". Ugh. */ static inline int kernel_termios_to_user_termio(struct termio __user *termio, struct ktermios *termios) { if (put_user(termios->c_iflag, &termio->c_iflag) < 0 || put_user(termios->c_oflag, &termio->c_oflag) < 0 || put_user(termios->c_cflag, &termio->c_cflag) < 0 || put_user(termios->c_lflag, &termio->c_lflag) < 0 || put_user(termios->c_line, &termio->c_line) < 0 || copy_to_user(termio->c_cc, termios->c_cc, NCC) != 0) return -EFAULT; return 0; } #ifdef TCGETS2 static inline int user_termios_to_kernel_termios(struct ktermios *k, struct termios2 __user *u) { return copy_from_user(k, u, sizeof(struct termios2)); } static inline int kernel_termios_to_user_termios(struct termios2 __user *u, struct ktermios *k) { return copy_to_user(u, k, sizeof(struct termios2)); } static inline int user_termios_to_kernel_termios_1(struct ktermios *k, struct termios __user *u) { return copy_from_user(k, u, sizeof(struct termios)); } static inline int kernel_termios_to_user_termios_1(struct termios __user *u, struct ktermios *k) { return copy_to_user(u, k, sizeof(struct termios)); } #else /* TCGETS2 */ static inline int user_termios_to_kernel_termios(struct ktermios *k, struct termios __user *u) { return copy_from_user(k, u, sizeof(struct termios)); } static inline int kernel_termios_to_user_termios(struct termios __user *u, struct ktermios *k) { return copy_to_user(u, k, sizeof(struct termios)); } #endif /* TCGETS2 */ #endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_TERMIOS_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H #define _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H /* * User space memory access functions */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/kasan-checks.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/smap.h> #include <asm/extable.h> /* * Test whether a block of memory is a valid user space address. * Returns 0 if the range is valid, nonzero otherwise. */ static inline bool __chk_range_not_ok(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, unsigned long limit) { /* * If we have used "sizeof()" for the size, * we know it won't overflow the limit (but * it might overflow the 'addr', so it's * important to subtract the size from the * limit, not add it to the address). */ if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) return unlikely(addr > limit - size); /* Arbitrary sizes? Be careful about overflow */ addr += size; if (unlikely(addr < size)) return true; return unlikely(addr > limit); } #define __range_not_ok(addr, size, limit) \ ({ \ __chk_user_ptr(addr); \ __chk_range_not_ok((unsigned long __force)(addr), size, limit); \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP static inline bool pagefault_disabled(void); # define WARN_ON_IN_IRQ() \ WARN_ON_ONCE(!in_task() && !pagefault_disabled()) #else # define WARN_ON_IN_IRQ() #endif /** * access_ok - Checks if a user space pointer is valid * @addr: User space pointer to start of block to check * @size: Size of block to check * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * Checks if a pointer to a block of memory in user space is valid. * * Note that, depending on architecture, this function probably just * checks that the pointer is in the user space range - after calling * this function, memory access functions may still return -EFAULT. * * Return: true (nonzero) if the memory block may be valid, false (zero) * if it is definitely invalid. */ #define access_ok(addr, size) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_IN_IRQ(); \ likely(!__range_not_ok(addr, size, TASK_SIZE_MAX)); \ }) extern int __get_user_1(void); extern int __get_user_2(void); extern int __get_user_4(void); extern int __get_user_8(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_1(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_2(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_4(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_8(void); extern int __get_user_bad(void); #define __uaccess_begin() stac() #define __uaccess_end() clac() #define __uaccess_begin_nospec() \ ({ \ stac(); \ barrier_nospec(); \ }) /* * This is the smallest unsigned integer type that can fit a value * (up to 'long long') */ #define __inttype(x) __typeof__( \ __typefits(x,char, \ __typefits(x,short, \ __typefits(x,int, \ __typefits(x,long,0ULL))))) #define __typefits(x,type,not) \ __builtin_choose_expr(sizeof(x)<=sizeof(type),(unsigned type)0,not) /* * This is used for both get_user() and __get_user() to expand to * the proper special function call that has odd calling conventions * due to returning both a value and an error, and that depends on * the size of the pointer passed in. * * Careful: we have to cast the result to the type of the pointer * for sign reasons. * * The use of _ASM_DX as the register specifier is a bit of a * simplification, as gcc only cares about it as the starting point * and not size: for a 64-bit value it will use %ecx:%edx on 32 bits * (%ecx being the next register in gcc's x86 register sequence), and * %rdx on 64 bits. * * Clang/LLVM cares about the size of the register, but still wants * the base register for something that ends up being a pair. */ #define do_get_user_call(fn,x,ptr) \ ({ \ int __ret_gu; \ register __inttype(*(ptr)) __val_gu asm("%"_ASM_DX); \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ asm volatile("call __" #fn "_%P4" \ : "=a" (__ret_gu), "=r" (__val_gu), \ ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT \ : "0" (ptr), "i" (sizeof(*(ptr)))); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr))) __val_gu; \ __builtin_expect(__ret_gu, 0); \ }) /** * get_user - Get a simple variable from user space. * @x: Variable to store result. * @ptr: Source address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple variable from user space to kernel * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and the result of * dereferencing @ptr must be assignable to @x without a cast. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. * On error, the variable @x is set to zero. */ #define get_user(x,ptr) ({ might_fault(); do_get_user_call(get_user,x,ptr); }) /** * __get_user - Get a simple variable from user space, with less checking. * @x: Variable to store result. * @ptr: Source address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple variable from user space to kernel * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and the result of * dereferencing @ptr must be assignable to @x without a cast. * * Caller must check the pointer with access_ok() before calling this * function. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. * On error, the variable @x is set to zero. */ #define __get_user(x,ptr) do_get_user_call(get_user_nocheck,x,ptr) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __put_user_goto_u64(x, addr, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: movl %%eax,0(%1)\n" \ "2: movl %%edx,4(%1)\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(2b, %l2) \ : : "A" (x), "r" (addr) \ : : label) #else #define __put_user_goto_u64(x, ptr, label) \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "q", "er", label) #endif extern void __put_user_bad(void); /* * Strange magic calling convention: pointer in %ecx, * value in %eax(:%edx), return value in %ecx. clobbers %rbx */ extern void __put_user_1(void); extern void __put_user_2(void); extern void __put_user_4(void); extern void __put_user_8(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_1(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_2(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_4(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_8(void); /* * ptr must be evaluated and assigned to the temporary __ptr_pu before * the assignment of x to __val_pu, to avoid any function calls * involved in the ptr expression (possibly implicitly generated due * to KASAN) from clobbering %ax. */ #define do_put_user_call(fn,x,ptr) \ ({ \ int __ret_pu; \ void __user *__ptr_pu; \ register __typeof__(*(ptr)) __val_pu asm("%"_ASM_AX); \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ __ptr_pu = (ptr); \ __val_pu = (x); \ asm volatile("call __" #fn "_%P[size]" \ : "=c" (__ret_pu), \ ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT \ : "0" (__ptr_pu), \ "r" (__val_pu), \ [size] "i" (sizeof(*(ptr))) \ :"ebx"); \ __builtin_expect(__ret_pu, 0); \ }) /** * put_user - Write a simple value into user space. * @x: Value to copy to user space. * @ptr: Destination address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple value from kernel space to user * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and @x must be assignable * to the result of dereferencing @ptr. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. */ #define put_user(x, ptr) ({ might_fault(); do_put_user_call(put_user,x,ptr); }) /** * __put_user - Write a simple value into user space, with less checking. * @x: Value to copy to user space. * @ptr: Destination address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple value from kernel space to user * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and @x must be assignable * to the result of dereferencing @ptr. * * Caller must check the pointer with access_ok() before calling this * function. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. */ #define __put_user(x, ptr) do_put_user_call(put_user_nocheck,x,ptr) #define __put_user_size(x, ptr, size, label) \ do { \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ case 1: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "b", "iq", label); \ break; \ case 2: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "w", "ir", label); \ break; \ case 4: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "l", "ir", label); \ break; \ case 8: \ __put_user_goto_u64(x, ptr, label); \ break; \ default: \ __put_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, label) do { \ unsigned int __gu_low, __gu_high; \ const unsigned int __user *__gu_ptr; \ __gu_ptr = (const void __user *)(ptr); \ __get_user_asm(__gu_low, __gu_ptr, "l", "=r", label); \ __get_user_asm(__gu_high, __gu_ptr+1, "l", "=r", label); \ (x) = ((unsigned long long)__gu_high << 32) | __gu_low; \ } while (0) #else #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, label) \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, "q", "=r", label) #endif #define __get_user_size(x, ptr, size, label) \ do { \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ case 1: { \ unsigned char x_u8__; \ __get_user_asm(x_u8__, ptr, "b", "=q", label); \ (x) = x_u8__; \ break; \ } \ case 2: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, "w", "=r", label); \ break; \ case 4: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, "l", "=r", label); \ break; \ case 8: \ __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, label); \ break; \ default: \ (x) = __get_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #define __get_user_asm(x, addr, itype, ltype, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %[umem],%[output]\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ : [output] ltype(x) \ : [umem] "m" (__m(addr)) \ : : label) #else // !CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval) \ ({ \ __typeof__(ptr) __ptr = (ptr); \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1: movl %[lowbits],%%eax\n" \ "2: movl %[highbits],%%edx\n" \ "3:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "4: mov %[efault],%[errout]\n" \ " xorl %%eax,%%eax\n" \ " xorl %%edx,%%edx\n" \ " jmp 3b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 4b) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(2b, 4b) \ : [errout] "=r" (retval), \ [output] "=&A"(x) \ : [lowbits] "m" (__m(__ptr)), \ [highbits] "m" __m(((u32 __user *)(__ptr)) + 1), \ [efault] "i" (-EFAULT), "0" (retval)); \ }) #else #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval) \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "q", "=r") #endif #define __get_user_size(x, ptr, size, retval) \ do { \ unsigned char x_u8__; \ \ retval = 0; \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ case 1: \ __get_user_asm(x_u8__, ptr, retval, "b", "=q"); \ (x) = x_u8__; \ break; \ case 2: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "w", "=r"); \ break; \ case 4: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "l", "=r"); \ break; \ case 8: \ __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval); \ break; \ default: \ (x) = __get_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #define __get_user_asm(x, addr, err, itype, ltype) \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %[umem],%[output]\n" \ "2:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3: mov %[efault],%[errout]\n" \ " xorl %k[output],%k[output]\n" \ " jmp 2b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \ : [errout] "=r" (err), \ [output] ltype(x) \ : [umem] "m" (__m(addr)), \ [efault] "i" (-EFAULT), "0" (err)) #endif // CONFIG_CC_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT /* FIXME: this hack is definitely wrong -AK */ struct __large_struct { unsigned long buf[100]; }; #define __m(x) (*(struct __large_struct __user *)(x)) /* * Tell gcc we read from memory instead of writing: this is because * we do not write to any memory gcc knows about, so there are no * aliasing issues. */ #define __put_user_goto(x, addr, itype, ltype, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %0,%1\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ : : ltype(x), "m" (__m(addr)) \ : : label) extern unsigned long copy_from_user_nmi(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n); extern __must_check long strncpy_from_user(char *dst, const char __user *src, long count); extern __must_check long strnlen_user(const char __user *str, long n); unsigned long __must_check clear_user(void __user *mem, unsigned long len); unsigned long __must_check __clear_user(void __user *mem, unsigned long len); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_COPY_MC unsigned long __must_check copy_mc_to_kernel(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len); #define copy_mc_to_kernel copy_mc_to_kernel unsigned long __must_check copy_mc_to_user(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len); #endif /* * movsl can be slow when source and dest are not both 8-byte aligned */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_USERCOPY extern struct movsl_mask { int mask; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp movsl_mask; #endif #define ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS 1 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # include <asm/uaccess_32.h> #else # include <asm/uaccess_64.h> #endif /* * The "unsafe" user accesses aren't really "unsafe", but the naming * is a big fat warning: you have to not only do the access_ok() * checking before using them, but you have to surround them with the * user_access_begin/end() pair. */ static __must_check __always_inline bool user_access_begin(const void __user *ptr, size_t len) { if (unlikely(!access_ok(ptr,len))) return 0; __uaccess_begin_nospec(); return 1; } #define user_access_begin(a,b) user_access_begin(a,b) #define user_access_end() __uaccess_end() #define user_access_save() smap_save() #define user_access_restore(x) smap_restore(x) #define unsafe_put_user(x, ptr, label) \ __put_user_size((__typeof__(*(ptr)))(x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), label) #ifdef CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define unsafe_get_user(x, ptr, err_label) \ do { \ __inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val; \ __get_user_size(__gu_val, (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), err_label); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \ } while (0) #else // !CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define unsafe_get_user(x, ptr, err_label) \ do { \ int __gu_err; \ __inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val; \ __get_user_size(__gu_val, (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), __gu_err); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \ if (unlikely(__gu_err)) goto err_label; \ } while (0) #endif // CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT /* * We want the unsafe accessors to always be inlined and use * the error labels - thus the macro games. */ #define unsafe_copy_loop(dst, src, len, type, label) \ while (len >= sizeof(type)) { \ unsafe_put_user(*(type *)(src),(type __user *)(dst),label); \ dst += sizeof(type); \ src += sizeof(type); \ len -= sizeof(type); \ } #define unsafe_copy_to_user(_dst,_src,_len,label) \ do { \ char __user *__ucu_dst = (_dst); \ const char *__ucu_src = (_src); \ size_t __ucu_len = (_len); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u64, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u32, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u16, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u8, label); \ } while (0) #define HAVE_GET_KERNEL_NOFAULT #ifdef CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define __get_kernel_nofault(dst, src, type, err_label) \ __get_user_size(*((type *)(dst)), (__force type __user *)(src), \ sizeof(type), err_label) #else // !CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define __get_kernel_nofault(dst, src, type, err_label) \ do { \ int __kr_err; \ \ __get_user_size(*((type *)(dst)), (__force type __user *)(src), \ sizeof(type), __kr_err); \ if (unlikely(__kr_err)) \ goto err_label; \ } while (0) #endif // CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define __put_kernel_nofault(dst, src, type, err_label) \ __put_user_size(*((type *)(src)), (__force type __user *)(dst), \ sizeof(type), err_label) #endif /* _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* include/net/dsfield.h - Manipulation of the Differentiated Services field */ /* Written 1998-2000 by Werner Almesberger, EPFL ICA */ #ifndef __NET_DSFIELD_H #define __NET_DSFIELD_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> static inline __u8 ipv4_get_dsfield(const struct iphdr *iph) { return iph->tos; } static inline __u8 ipv6_get_dsfield(const struct ipv6hdr *ipv6h) { return ntohs(*(__force const __be16 *)ipv6h) >> 4; } static inline void ipv4_change_dsfield(struct iphdr *iph,__u8 mask, __u8 value) { __u32 check = ntohs((__force __be16)iph->check); __u8 dsfield; dsfield = (iph->tos & mask) | value; check += iph->tos; if ((check+1) >> 16) check = (check+1) & 0xffff; check -= dsfield; check += check >> 16; /* adjust carry */ iph->check = (__force __sum16)htons(check); iph->tos = dsfield; } static inline void ipv6_change_dsfield(struct ipv6hdr *ipv6h,__u8 mask, __u8 value) { __be16 *p = (__force __be16 *)ipv6h; *p = (*p & htons((((u16)mask << 4) | 0xf00f))) | htons((u16)value << 4); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * sysfs.h - definitions for the device driver filesystem * * Copyright (c) 2001,2002 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2004 Silicon Graphics, Inc. * Copyright (c) 2007 SUSE Linux Products GmbH * Copyright (c) 2007 Tejun Heo <teheo@suse.de> * * Please see Documentation/filesystems/sysfs.rst for more information. */ #ifndef _SYSFS_H_ #define _SYSFS_H_ #include <linux/kernfs.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/kobject_ns.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> struct kobject; struct module; struct bin_attribute; enum kobj_ns_type; struct attribute { const char *name; umode_t mode; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC bool ignore_lockdep:1; struct lock_class_key *key; struct lock_class_key skey; #endif }; /** * sysfs_attr_init - initialize a dynamically allocated sysfs attribute * @attr: struct attribute to initialize * * Initialize a dynamically allocated struct attribute so we can * make lockdep happy. This is a new requirement for attributes * and initially this is only needed when lockdep is enabled. * Lockdep gives a nice error when your attribute is added to * sysfs if you don't have this. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC #define sysfs_attr_init(attr) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ \ (attr)->key = &__key; \ } while (0) #else #define sysfs_attr_init(attr) do {} while (0) #endif /** * struct attribute_group - data structure used to declare an attribute group. * @name: Optional: Attribute group name * If specified, the attribute group will be created in * a new subdirectory with this name. * @is_visible: Optional: Function to return permissions associated with an * attribute of the group. Will be called repeatedly for each * non-binary attribute in the group. Only read/write * permissions as well as SYSFS_PREALLOC are accepted. Must * return 0 if an attribute is not visible. The returned value * will replace static permissions defined in struct attribute. * @is_bin_visible: * Optional: Function to return permissions associated with a * binary attribute of the group. Will be called repeatedly * for each binary attribute in the group. Only read/write * permissions as well as SYSFS_PREALLOC are accepted. Must * return 0 if a binary attribute is not visible. The returned * value will replace static permissions defined in * struct bin_attribute. * @attrs: Pointer to NULL terminated list of attributes. * @bin_attrs: Pointer to NULL terminated list of binary attributes. * Either attrs or bin_attrs or both must be provided. */ struct attribute_group { const char *name; umode_t (*is_visible)(struct kobject *, struct attribute *, int); umode_t (*is_bin_visible)(struct kobject *, struct bin_attribute *, int); struct attribute **attrs; struct bin_attribute **bin_attrs; }; /* * Use these macros to make defining attributes easier. * See include/linux/device.h for examples.. */ #define SYSFS_PREALLOC 010000 #define __ATTR(_name, _mode, _show, _store) { \ .attr = {.name = __stringify(_name), \ .mode = VERIFY_OCTAL_PERMISSIONS(_mode) }, \ .show = _show, \ .store = _store, \ } #define __ATTR_PREALLOC(_name, _mode, _show, _store) { \ .attr = {.name = __stringify(_name), \ .mode = SYSFS_PREALLOC | VERIFY_OCTAL_PERMISSIONS(_mode) },\ .show = _show, \ .store = _store, \ } #define __ATTR_RO(_name) { \ .attr = { .name = __stringify(_name), .mode = 0444 }, \ .show = _name##_show, \ } #define __ATTR_RO_MODE(_name, _mode) { \ .attr = { .name = __stringify(_name), \ .mode = VERIFY_OCTAL_PERMISSIONS(_mode) }, \ .show = _name##_show, \ } #define __ATTR_RW_MODE(_name, _mode) { \ .attr = { .name = __stringify(_name), \ .mode = VERIFY_OCTAL_PERMISSIONS(_mode) }, \ .show = _name##_show, \ .store = _name##_store, \ } #define __ATTR_WO(_name) { \ .attr = { .name = __stringify(_name), .mode = 0200 }, \ .store = _name##_store, \ } #define __ATTR_RW(_name) __ATTR(_name, 0644, _name##_show, _name##_store) #define __ATTR_NULL { .attr = { .name = NULL } } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC #define __ATTR_IGNORE_LOCKDEP(_name, _mode, _show, _store) { \ .attr = {.name = __stringify(_name), .mode = _mode, \ .ignore_lockdep = true }, \ .show = _show, \ .store = _store, \ } #else #define __ATTR_IGNORE_LOCKDEP __ATTR #endif #define __ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(_name) \ static const struct attribute_group *_name##_groups[] = { \ &_name##_group, \ NULL, \ } #define ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(_name) \ static const struct attribute_group _name##_group = { \ .attrs = _name##_attrs, \ }; \ __ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(_name) struct file; struct vm_area_struct; struct bin_attribute { struct attribute attr; size_t size; void *private; ssize_t (*read)(struct file *, struct kobject *, struct bin_attribute *, char *, loff_t, size_t); ssize_t (*write)(struct file *, struct kobject *, struct bin_attribute *, char *, loff_t, size_t); int (*mmap)(struct file *, struct kobject *, struct bin_attribute *attr, struct vm_area_struct *vma); }; /** * sysfs_bin_attr_init - initialize a dynamically allocated bin_attribute * @attr: struct bin_attribute to initialize * * Initialize a dynamically allocated struct bin_attribute so we * can make lockdep happy. This is a new requirement for * attributes and initially this is only needed when lockdep is * enabled. Lockdep gives a nice error when your attribute is * added to sysfs if you don't have this. */ #define sysfs_bin_attr_init(bin_attr) sysfs_attr_init(&(bin_attr)->attr) /* macros to create static binary attributes easier */ #define __BIN_ATTR(_name, _mode, _read, _write, _size) { \ .attr = { .name = __stringify(_name), .mode = _mode }, \ .read = _read, \ .write = _write, \ .size = _size, \ } #define __BIN_ATTR_RO(_name, _size) { \ .attr = { .name = __stringify(_name), .mode = 0444 }, \ .read = _name##_read, \ .size = _size, \ } #define __BIN_ATTR_WO(_name, _size) { \ .attr = { .name = __stringify(_name), .mode = 0200 }, \ .write = _name##_write, \ .size = _size, \ } #define __BIN_ATTR_RW(_name, _size) \ __BIN_ATTR(_name, 0644, _name##_read, _name##_write, _size) #define __BIN_ATTR_NULL __ATTR_NULL #define BIN_ATTR(_name, _mode, _read, _write, _size) \ struct bin_attribute bin_attr_##_name = __BIN_ATTR(_name, _mode, _read, \ _write, _size) #define BIN_ATTR_RO(_name, _size) \ struct bin_attribute bin_attr_##_name = __BIN_ATTR_RO(_name, _size) #define BIN_ATTR_WO(_name, _size) \ struct bin_attribute bin_attr_##_name = __BIN_ATTR_WO(_name, _size) #define BIN_ATTR_RW(_name, _size) \ struct bin_attribute bin_attr_##_name = __BIN_ATTR_RW(_name, _size) struct sysfs_ops { ssize_t (*show)(struct kobject *, struct attribute *, char *); ssize_t (*store)(struct kobject *, struct attribute *, const char *, size_t); }; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS int __must_check sysfs_create_dir_ns(struct kobject *kobj, const void *ns); void sysfs_remove_dir(struct kobject *kobj); int __must_check sysfs_rename_dir_ns(struct kobject *kobj, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns); int __must_check sysfs_move_dir_ns(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *new_parent_kobj, const void *new_ns); int __must_check sysfs_create_mount_point(struct kobject *parent_kobj, const char *name); void sysfs_remove_mount_point(struct kobject *parent_kobj, const char *name); int __must_check sysfs_create_file_ns(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, const void *ns); int __must_check sysfs_create_files(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute * const *attr); int __must_check sysfs_chmod_file(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, umode_t mode); struct kernfs_node *sysfs_break_active_protection(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr); void sysfs_unbreak_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn); void sysfs_remove_file_ns(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, const void *ns); bool sysfs_remove_file_self(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr); void sysfs_remove_files(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute * const *attr); int __must_check sysfs_create_bin_file(struct kobject *kobj, const struct bin_attribute *attr); void sysfs_remove_bin_file(struct kobject *kobj, const struct bin_attribute *attr); int __must_check sysfs_create_link(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target, const char *name); int __must_check sysfs_create_link_nowarn(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target, const char *name); void sysfs_remove_link(struct kobject *kobj, const char *name); int sysfs_rename_link_ns(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target, const char *old_name, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns); void sysfs_delete_link(struct kobject *dir, struct kobject *targ, const char *name); int __must_check sysfs_create_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp); int __must_check sysfs_create_groups(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group **groups); int __must_check sysfs_update_groups(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group **groups); int sysfs_update_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp); void sysfs_remove_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp); void sysfs_remove_groups(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group **groups); int sysfs_add_file_to_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, const char *group); void sysfs_remove_file_from_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, const char *group); int sysfs_merge_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp); void sysfs_unmerge_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp); int sysfs_add_link_to_group(struct kobject *kobj, const char *group_name, struct kobject *target, const char *link_name); void sysfs_remove_link_from_group(struct kobject *kobj, const char *group_name, const char *link_name); int compat_only_sysfs_link_entry_to_kobj(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target_kobj, const char *target_name, const char *symlink_name); void sysfs_notify(struct kobject *kobj, const char *dir, const char *attr); int __must_check sysfs_init(void); static inline void sysfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { return kernfs_enable_ns(kn); } int sysfs_file_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, const char *name, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid); int sysfs_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid); int sysfs_link_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *targ, const char *name, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid); int sysfs_groups_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group **groups, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid); int sysfs_group_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *groups, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid); __printf(2, 3) int sysfs_emit(char *buf, const char *fmt, ...); __printf(3, 4) int sysfs_emit_at(char *buf, int at, const char *fmt, ...); #else /* CONFIG_SYSFS */ static inline int sysfs_create_dir_ns(struct kobject *kobj, const void *ns) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_remove_dir(struct kobject *kobj) { } static inline int sysfs_rename_dir_ns(struct kobject *kobj, const char *new_name, const void *new_ns) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_move_dir_ns(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *new_parent_kobj, const void *new_ns) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_create_mount_point(struct kobject *parent_kobj, const char *name) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_remove_mount_point(struct kobject *parent_kobj, const char *name) { } static inline int sysfs_create_file_ns(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, const void *ns) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_create_files(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute * const *attr) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_chmod_file(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, umode_t mode) { return 0; } static inline struct kernfs_node * sysfs_break_active_protection(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr) { return NULL; } static inline void sysfs_unbreak_active_protection(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline void sysfs_remove_file_ns(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, const void *ns) { } static inline bool sysfs_remove_file_self(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr) { return false; } static inline void sysfs_remove_files(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute * const *attr) { } static inline int sysfs_create_bin_file(struct kobject *kobj, const struct bin_attribute *attr) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_remove_bin_file(struct kobject *kobj, const struct bin_attribute *attr) { } static inline int sysfs_create_link(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target, const char *name) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_create_link_nowarn(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target, const char *name) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_remove_link(struct kobject *kobj, const char *name) { } static inline int sysfs_rename_link_ns(struct kobject *k, struct kobject *t, const char *old_name, const char *new_name, const void *ns) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_delete_link(struct kobject *k, struct kobject *t, const char *name) { } static inline int sysfs_create_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_create_groups(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group **groups) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_update_groups(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group **groups) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_update_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_remove_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp) { } static inline void sysfs_remove_groups(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group **groups) { } static inline int sysfs_add_file_to_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, const char *group) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_remove_file_from_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr, const char *group) { } static inline int sysfs_merge_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_unmerge_group(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *grp) { } static inline int sysfs_add_link_to_group(struct kobject *kobj, const char *group_name, struct kobject *target, const char *link_name) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_remove_link_from_group(struct kobject *kobj, const char *group_name, const char *link_name) { } static inline int compat_only_sysfs_link_entry_to_kobj(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target_kobj, const char *target_name, const char *symlink_name) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_notify(struct kobject *kobj, const char *dir, const char *attr) { } static inline int __must_check sysfs_init(void) { return 0; } static inline void sysfs_enable_ns(struct kernfs_node *kn) { } static inline int sysfs_file_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, const char *name, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_link_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *targ, const char *name, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_groups_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group **groups, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid) { return 0; } static inline int sysfs_group_change_owner(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute_group *groups, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid) { return 0; } __printf(2, 3) static inline int sysfs_emit(char *buf, const char *fmt, ...) { return 0; } __printf(3, 4) static inline int sysfs_emit_at(char *buf, int at, const char *fmt, ...) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */ static inline int __must_check sysfs_create_file(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr) { return sysfs_create_file_ns(kobj, attr, NULL); } static inline void sysfs_remove_file(struct kobject *kobj, const struct attribute *attr) { sysfs_remove_file_ns(kobj, attr, NULL); } static inline int sysfs_rename_link(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *target, const char *old_name, const char *new_name) { return sysfs_rename_link_ns(kobj, target, old_name, new_name, NULL); } static inline void sysfs_notify_dirent(struct kernfs_node *kn) { kernfs_notify(kn); } static inline struct kernfs_node *sysfs_get_dirent(struct kernfs_node *parent, const char *name) { return kernfs_find_and_get(parent, name); } static inline struct kernfs_node *sysfs_get(struct kernfs_node *kn) { kernfs_get(kn); return kn; } static inline void sysfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn) { kernfs_put(kn); } #endif /* _SYSFS_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright 2019 Google LLC */ #ifndef __LINUX_BLK_CRYPTO_H #define __LINUX_BLK_CRYPTO_H #include <linux/types.h> enum blk_crypto_mode_num { BLK_ENCRYPTION_MODE_INVALID, BLK_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_256_XTS, BLK_ENCRYPTION_MODE_AES_128_CBC_ESSIV, BLK_ENCRYPTION_MODE_ADIANTUM, BLK_ENCRYPTION_MODE_MAX, }; #define BLK_CRYPTO_MAX_KEY_SIZE 64 /** * struct blk_crypto_config - an inline encryption key's crypto configuration * @crypto_mode: encryption algorithm this key is for * @data_unit_size: the data unit size for all encryption/decryptions with this * key. This is the size in bytes of each individual plaintext and * ciphertext. This is always a power of 2. It might be e.g. the * filesystem block size or the disk sector size. * @dun_bytes: the maximum number of bytes of DUN used when using this key */ struct blk_crypto_config { enum blk_crypto_mode_num crypto_mode; unsigned int data_unit_size; unsigned int dun_bytes; }; /** * struct blk_crypto_key - an inline encryption key * @crypto_cfg: the crypto configuration (like crypto_mode, key size) for this * key * @data_unit_size_bits: log2 of data_unit_size * @size: size of this key in bytes (determined by @crypto_cfg.crypto_mode) * @raw: the raw bytes of this key. Only the first @size bytes are used. * * A blk_crypto_key is immutable once created, and many bios can reference it at * the same time. It must not be freed until all bios using it have completed * and it has been evicted from all devices on which it may have been used. */ struct blk_crypto_key { struct blk_crypto_config crypto_cfg; unsigned int data_unit_size_bits; unsigned int size; u8 raw[BLK_CRYPTO_MAX_KEY_SIZE]; }; #define BLK_CRYPTO_MAX_IV_SIZE 32 #define BLK_CRYPTO_DUN_ARRAY_SIZE (BLK_CRYPTO_MAX_IV_SIZE / sizeof(u64)) /** * struct bio_crypt_ctx - an inline encryption context * @bc_key: the key, algorithm, and data unit size to use * @bc_dun: the data unit number (starting IV) to use * * A bio_crypt_ctx specifies that the contents of the bio will be encrypted (for * write requests) or decrypted (for read requests) inline by the storage device * or controller, or by the crypto API fallback. */ struct bio_crypt_ctx { const struct blk_crypto_key *bc_key; u64 bc_dun[BLK_CRYPTO_DUN_ARRAY_SIZE]; }; #include <linux/blk_types.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> struct request; struct request_queue; #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION static inline bool bio_has_crypt_ctx(struct bio *bio) { return bio->bi_crypt_context; } void bio_crypt_set_ctx(struct bio *bio, const struct blk_crypto_key *key, const u64 dun[BLK_CRYPTO_DUN_ARRAY_SIZE], gfp_t gfp_mask); bool bio_crypt_dun_is_contiguous(const struct bio_crypt_ctx *bc, unsigned int bytes, const u64 next_dun[BLK_CRYPTO_DUN_ARRAY_SIZE]); int blk_crypto_init_key(struct blk_crypto_key *blk_key, const u8 *raw_key, enum blk_crypto_mode_num crypto_mode, unsigned int dun_bytes, unsigned int data_unit_size); int blk_crypto_start_using_key(const struct blk_crypto_key *key, struct request_queue *q); int blk_crypto_evict_key(struct request_queue *q, const struct blk_crypto_key *key); bool blk_crypto_config_supported(struct request_queue *q, const struct blk_crypto_config *cfg); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION */ static inline bool bio_has_crypt_ctx(struct bio *bio) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_INLINE_ENCRYPTION */ int __bio_crypt_clone(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src, gfp_t gfp_mask); /** * bio_crypt_clone - clone bio encryption context * @dst: destination bio * @src: source bio * @gfp_mask: memory allocation flags * * If @src has an encryption context, clone it to @dst. * * Return: 0 on success, -ENOMEM if out of memory. -ENOMEM is only possible if * @gfp_mask doesn't include %__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM. */ static inline int bio_crypt_clone(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (bio_has_crypt_ctx(src)) return __bio_crypt_clone(dst, src, gfp_mask); return 0; } #endif /* __LINUX_BLK_CRYPTO_H */
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(__pgprot(pgprot_val(prot) | \ cachemode2protval(_PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS))) \ : (prot)) /* * Macros to add or remove encryption attribute */ #define pgprot_encrypted(prot) __pgprot(__sme_set(pgprot_val(prot))) #define pgprot_decrypted(prot) __pgprot(__sme_clr(pgprot_val(prot))) #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <asm/x86_init.h> #include <asm/fpu/xstate.h> #include <asm/fpu/api.h> #include <asm-generic/pgtable_uffd.h> extern pgd_t early_top_pgt[PTRS_PER_PGD]; bool __init __early_make_pgtable(unsigned long address, pmdval_t pmd); void ptdump_walk_pgd_level(struct seq_file *m, struct mm_struct *mm); void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_debugfs(struct seq_file *m, struct mm_struct *mm, bool user); void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_checkwx(void); void ptdump_walk_user_pgd_level_checkwx(void); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_WX #define debug_checkwx() ptdump_walk_pgd_level_checkwx() #define debug_checkwx_user() ptdump_walk_user_pgd_level_checkwx() #else #define debug_checkwx() do { } while (0) #define debug_checkwx_user() do { } while (0) #endif /* * ZERO_PAGE is a global shared page that is always zero: used * for zero-mapped memory areas etc.. */ extern unsigned long empty_zero_page[PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(unsigned long)] __visible; #define ZERO_PAGE(vaddr) ((void)(vaddr),virt_to_page(empty_zero_page)) extern spinlock_t pgd_lock; extern struct list_head pgd_list; extern struct mm_struct *pgd_page_get_mm(struct page *page); extern pmdval_t early_pmd_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #define set_pte(ptep, pte) native_set_pte(ptep, pte) #define set_pte_atomic(ptep, pte) \ native_set_pte_atomic(ptep, pte) #define set_pmd(pmdp, pmd) native_set_pmd(pmdp, pmd) #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED #define set_pgd(pgdp, pgd) native_set_pgd(pgdp, pgd) #define pgd_clear(pgd) (pgtable_l5_enabled() ? native_pgd_clear(pgd) : 0) #endif #ifndef set_p4d # define set_p4d(p4dp, p4d) native_set_p4d(p4dp, p4d) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED #define p4d_clear(p4d) native_p4d_clear(p4d) #endif #ifndef set_pud # define set_pud(pudp, pud) native_set_pud(pudp, pud) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED #define pud_clear(pud) native_pud_clear(pud) #endif #define pte_clear(mm, addr, ptep) native_pte_clear(mm, addr, ptep) #define pmd_clear(pmd) native_pmd_clear(pmd) #define pgd_val(x) native_pgd_val(x) #define __pgd(x) native_make_pgd(x) #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED #define p4d_val(x) native_p4d_val(x) #define __p4d(x) native_make_p4d(x) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED #define pud_val(x) native_pud_val(x) #define __pud(x) native_make_pud(x) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED #define pmd_val(x) native_pmd_val(x) #define __pmd(x) native_make_pmd(x) #endif #define pte_val(x) native_pte_val(x) #define __pte(x) native_make_pte(x) #define arch_end_context_switch(prev) do {} while(0) #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ /* * The following only work if pte_present() is true. * Undefined behaviour if not.. */ static inline int pte_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_DIRTY; } static inline u32 read_pkru(void) { if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return rdpkru(); return 0; } static inline void write_pkru(u32 pkru) { struct pkru_state *pk; if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return; pk = get_xsave_addr(&current->thread.fpu.state.xsave, XFEATURE_PKRU); /* * The PKRU value in xstate needs to be in sync with the value that is * written to the CPU. The FPU restore on return to userland would * otherwise load the previous value again. */ fpregs_lock(); if (pk) pk->pkru = pkru; __write_pkru(pkru); fpregs_unlock(); } static inline int pte_young(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; } static inline int pmd_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_DIRTY; } static inline int pmd_young(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; } static inline int pud_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_DIRTY; } static inline int pud_young(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; } static inline int pte_write(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_RW; } static inline int pte_huge(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_PSE; } static inline int pte_global(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_GLOBAL; } static inline int pte_exec(pte_t pte) { return !(pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_NX); } static inline int pte_special(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SPECIAL; } /* Entries that were set to PROT_NONE are inverted */ static inline u64 protnone_mask(u64 val); static inline unsigned long pte_pfn(pte_t pte) { phys_addr_t pfn = pte_val(pte); pfn ^= protnone_mask(pfn); return (pfn & PTE_PFN_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long pmd_pfn(pmd_t pmd) { phys_addr_t pfn = pmd_val(pmd); pfn ^= protnone_mask(pfn); return (pfn & pmd_pfn_mask(pmd)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long pud_pfn(pud_t pud) { phys_addr_t pfn = pud_val(pud); pfn ^= protnone_mask(pfn); return (pfn & pud_pfn_mask(pud)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long p4d_pfn(p4d_t p4d) { return (p4d_val(p4d) & p4d_pfn_mask(p4d)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long pgd_pfn(pgd_t pgd) { return (pgd_val(pgd) & PTE_PFN_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } #define p4d_leaf p4d_large static inline int p4d_large(p4d_t p4d) { /* No 512 GiB pages yet */ return 0; } #define pte_page(pte) pfn_to_page(pte_pfn(pte)) #define pmd_leaf pmd_large static inline int pmd_large(pmd_t pte) { return pmd_flags(pte) & _PAGE_PSE; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* NOTE: when predicate huge page, consider also pmd_devmap, or use pmd_large */ static inline int pmd_trans_huge(pmd_t pmd) { return (pmd_val(pmd) & (_PAGE_PSE|_PAGE_DEVMAP)) == _PAGE_PSE; } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD static inline int pud_trans_huge(pud_t pud) { return (pud_val(pud) & (_PAGE_PSE|_PAGE_DEVMAP)) == _PAGE_PSE; } #endif #define has_transparent_hugepage has_transparent_hugepage static inline int has_transparent_hugepage(void) { return boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PSE); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pmd_devmap(pmd_t pmd) { return !!(pmd_val(pmd) & _PAGE_DEVMAP); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD static inline int pud_devmap(pud_t pud) { return !!(pud_val(pud) & _PAGE_DEVMAP); } #else static inline int pud_devmap(pud_t pud) { return 0; } #endif static inline int pgd_devmap(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ static inline pte_t pte_set_flags(pte_t pte, pteval_t set) { pteval_t v = native_pte_val(pte); return native_make_pte(v | set); } static inline pte_t pte_clear_flags(pte_t pte, pteval_t clear) { pteval_t v = native_pte_val(pte); return native_make_pte(v & ~clear); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP static inline int pte_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_UFFD_WP; } static inline pte_t pte_mkuffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } static inline pte_t pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP */ static inline pte_t pte_mkclean(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_DIRTY); } static inline pte_t pte_mkold(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pte_t pte_wrprotect(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pte_t pte_mkexec(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_NX); } static inline pte_t pte_mkdirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pte_t pte_mkyoung(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pte_t pte_mkwrite(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pte_t pte_mkhuge(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pte_t pte_clrhuge(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pte_t pte_mkglobal(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_GLOBAL); } static inline pte_t pte_clrglobal(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_GLOBAL); } static inline pte_t pte_mkspecial(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SPECIAL); } static inline pte_t pte_mkdevmap(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SPECIAL|_PAGE_DEVMAP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_set_flags(pmd_t pmd, pmdval_t set) { pmdval_t v = native_pmd_val(pmd); return native_make_pmd(v | set); } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_flags(pmd_t pmd, pmdval_t clear) { pmdval_t v = native_pmd_val(pmd); return native_make_pmd(v & ~clear); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP static inline int pmd_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_UFFD_WP; } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkuffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP */ static inline pmd_t pmd_mkold(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkclean(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_wrprotect(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkdirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkdevmap(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_DEVMAP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkhuge(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkyoung(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkwrite(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pud_t pud_set_flags(pud_t pud, pudval_t set) { pudval_t v = native_pud_val(pud); return native_make_pud(v | set); } static inline pud_t pud_clear_flags(pud_t pud, pudval_t clear) { pudval_t v = native_pud_val(pud); return native_make_pud(v & ~clear); } static inline pud_t pud_mkold(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pud_t pud_mkclean(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_wrprotect(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pud_t pud_mkdirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_mkdevmap(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_DEVMAP); } static inline pud_t pud_mkhuge(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pud_t pud_mkyoung(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pud_t pud_mkwrite(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_RW); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY static inline int pte_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline int pmd_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline int pud_soft_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline pte_t pte_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_mksoft_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pte_t pte_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_clear_soft_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY */ /* * Mask out unsupported bits in a present pgprot. Non-present pgprots * can use those bits for other purposes, so leave them be. */ static inline pgprotval_t massage_pgprot(pgprot_t pgprot) { pgprotval_t protval = pgprot_val(pgprot); if (protval & _PAGE_PRESENT) protval &= __supported_pte_mask; return protval; } static inline pgprotval_t check_pgprot(pgprot_t pgprot) { pgprotval_t massaged_val = massage_pgprot(pgprot); /* mmdebug.h can not be included here because of dependencies */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM WARN_ONCE(pgprot_val(pgprot) != massaged_val, "attempted to set unsupported pgprot: %016llx " "bits: %016llx supported: %016llx\n", (u64)pgprot_val(pgprot), (u64)pgprot_val(pgprot) ^ massaged_val, (u64)__supported_pte_mask); #endif return massaged_val; } static inline pte_t pfn_pte(unsigned long page_nr, pgprot_t pgprot) { phys_addr_t pfn = (phys_addr_t)page_nr << PAGE_SHIFT; pfn ^= protnone_mask(pgprot_val(pgprot)); pfn &= PTE_PFN_MASK; return __pte(pfn | check_pgprot(pgprot)); } static inline pmd_t pfn_pmd(unsigned long page_nr, pgprot_t pgprot) { phys_addr_t pfn = (phys_addr_t)page_nr << PAGE_SHIFT; pfn ^= protnone_mask(pgprot_val(pgprot)); pfn &= PHYSICAL_PMD_PAGE_MASK; return __pmd(pfn | check_pgprot(pgprot)); } static inline pud_t pfn_pud(unsigned long page_nr, pgprot_t pgprot) { phys_addr_t pfn = (phys_addr_t)page_nr << PAGE_SHIFT; pfn ^= protnone_mask(pgprot_val(pgprot)); pfn &= PHYSICAL_PUD_PAGE_MASK; return __pud(pfn | check_pgprot(pgprot)); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkinvalid(pmd_t pmd) { return pfn_pmd(pmd_pfn(pmd), __pgprot(pmd_flags(pmd) & ~(_PAGE_PRESENT|_PAGE_PROTNONE))); } static inline u64 flip_protnone_guard(u64 oldval, u64 val, u64 mask); static inline pte_t pte_modify(pte_t pte, pgprot_t newprot) { pteval_t val = pte_val(pte), oldval = val; /* * Chop off the NX bit (if present), and add the NX portion of * the newprot (if present): */ val &= _PAGE_CHG_MASK; val |= check_pgprot(newprot) & ~_PAGE_CHG_MASK; val = flip_protnone_guard(oldval, val, PTE_PFN_MASK); return __pte(val); } static inline pmd_t pmd_modify(pmd_t pmd, pgprot_t newprot) { pmdval_t val = pmd_val(pmd), oldval = val; val &= _HPAGE_CHG_MASK; val |= check_pgprot(newprot) & ~_HPAGE_CHG_MASK; val = flip_protnone_guard(oldval, val, PHYSICAL_PMD_PAGE_MASK); return __pmd(val); } /* * mprotect needs to preserve PAT and encryption bits when updating * vm_page_prot */ #define pgprot_modify pgprot_modify static inline pgprot_t pgprot_modify(pgprot_t oldprot, pgprot_t newprot) { pgprotval_t preservebits = pgprot_val(oldprot) & _PAGE_CHG_MASK; pgprotval_t addbits = pgprot_val(newprot) & ~_PAGE_CHG_MASK; return __pgprot(preservebits | addbits); } #define pte_pgprot(x) __pgprot(pte_flags(x)) #define pmd_pgprot(x) __pgprot(pmd_flags(x)) #define pud_pgprot(x) __pgprot(pud_flags(x)) #define p4d_pgprot(x) __pgprot(p4d_flags(x)) #define canon_pgprot(p) __pgprot(massage_pgprot(p)) static inline pgprot_t arch_filter_pgprot(pgprot_t prot) { return canon_pgprot(prot); } static inline int is_new_memtype_allowed(u64 paddr, unsigned long size, enum page_cache_mode pcm, enum page_cache_mode new_pcm) { /* * PAT type is always WB for untracked ranges, so no need to check. */ if (x86_platform.is_untracked_pat_range(paddr, paddr + size)) return 1; /* * Certain new memtypes are not allowed with certain * requested memtype: * - request is uncached, return cannot be write-back * - request is write-combine, return cannot be write-back * - request is write-through, return cannot be write-back * - request is write-through, return cannot be write-combine */ if ((pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB) || (pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB) || (pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB) || (pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC)) { return 0; } return 1; } pmd_t *populate_extra_pmd(unsigned long vaddr); pte_t *populate_extra_pte(unsigned long vaddr); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION pgd_t __pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd); /* * Take a PGD location (pgdp) and a pgd value that needs to be set there. * Populates the user and returns the resulting PGD that must be set in * the kernel copy of the page tables. */ static inline pgd_t pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PTI)) return pgd; return __pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgdp, pgd); } #else /* CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION */ static inline pgd_t pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { return pgd; } #endif /* CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # include <asm/pgtable_32.h> #else # include <asm/pgtable_64.h> #endif #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <asm/fixmap.h> static inline int pte_none(pte_t pte) { return !(pte.pte & ~(_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK)); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME static inline int pte_same(pte_t a, pte_t b) { return a.pte == b.pte; } static inline int pte_present(pte_t a) { return pte_flags(a) & (_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_PROTNONE); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pte_devmap(pte_t a) { return (pte_flags(a) & _PAGE_DEVMAP) == _PAGE_DEVMAP; } #endif #define pte_accessible pte_accessible static inline bool pte_accessible(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t a) { if (pte_flags(a) & _PAGE_PRESENT) return true; if ((pte_flags(a) & _PAGE_PROTNONE) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(mm)) return true; return false; } static inline int pmd_present(pmd_t pmd) { /* * Checking for _PAGE_PSE is needed too because * split_huge_page will temporarily clear the present bit (but * the _PAGE_PSE flag will remain set at all times while the * _PAGE_PRESENT bit is clear). */ return pmd_flags(pmd) & (_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_PSE); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * These work without NUMA balancing but the kernel does not care. See the * comment in include/linux/pgtable.h */ static inline int pte_protnone(pte_t pte) { return (pte_flags(pte) & (_PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_PRESENT)) == _PAGE_PROTNONE; } static inline int pmd_protnone(pmd_t pmd) { return (pmd_flags(pmd) & (_PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_PRESENT)) == _PAGE_PROTNONE; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static inline int pmd_none(pmd_t pmd) { /* Only check low word on 32-bit platforms, since it might be out of sync with upper half. */ unsigned long val = native_pmd_val(pmd); return (val & ~_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK) == 0; } static inline unsigned long pmd_page_vaddr(pmd_t pmd) { return (unsigned long)__va(pmd_val(pmd) & pmd_pfn_mask(pmd)); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define pmd_page(pmd) pfn_to_page(pmd_pfn(pmd)) /* * Conversion functions: convert a page and protection to a page entry, * and a page entry and page directory to the page they refer to. * * (Currently stuck as a macro because of indirect forward reference * to linux/mm.h:page_to_nid()) */ #define mk_pte(page, pgprot) pfn_pte(page_to_pfn(page), (pgprot)) static inline int pmd_bad(pmd_t pmd) { return (pmd_flags(pmd) & ~_PAGE_USER) != _KERNPG_TABLE; } static inline unsigned long pages_to_mb(unsigned long npg) { return npg >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 static inline int pud_none(pud_t pud) { return (native_pud_val(pud) & ~(_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK)) == 0; } static inline int pud_present(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_PRESENT; } static inline unsigned long pud_page_vaddr(pud_t pud) { return (unsigned long)__va(pud_val(pud) & pud_pfn_mask(pud)); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define pud_page(pud) pfn_to_page(pud_pfn(pud)) #define pud_leaf pud_large static inline int pud_large(pud_t pud) { return (pud_val(pud) & (_PAGE_PSE | _PAGE_PRESENT)) == (_PAGE_PSE | _PAGE_PRESENT); } static inline int pud_bad(pud_t pud) { return (pud_flags(pud) & ~(_KERNPG_TABLE | _PAGE_USER)) != 0; } #else #define pud_leaf pud_large static inline int pud_large(pud_t pud) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 */ #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 static inline int p4d_none(p4d_t p4d) { return (native_p4d_val(p4d) & ~(_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK)) == 0; } static inline int p4d_present(p4d_t p4d) { return p4d_flags(p4d) & _PAGE_PRESENT; } static inline unsigned long p4d_page_vaddr(p4d_t p4d) { return (unsigned long)__va(p4d_val(p4d) & p4d_pfn_mask(p4d)); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define p4d_page(p4d) pfn_to_page(p4d_pfn(p4d)) static inline int p4d_bad(p4d_t p4d) { unsigned long ignore_flags = _KERNPG_TABLE | _PAGE_USER; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION)) ignore_flags |= _PAGE_NX; return (p4d_flags(p4d) & ~ignore_flags) != 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 */ static inline unsigned long p4d_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> P4D_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_P4D - 1); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 static inline int pgd_present(pgd_t pgd) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return 1; return pgd_flags(pgd) & _PAGE_PRESENT; } static inline unsigned long pgd_page_vaddr(pgd_t pgd) { return (unsigned long)__va((unsigned long)pgd_val(pgd) & PTE_PFN_MASK); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define pgd_page(pgd) pfn_to_page(pgd_pfn(pgd)) /* to find an entry in a page-table-directory. */ static inline p4d_t *p4d_offset(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return (p4d_t *)pgd; return (p4d_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd) + p4d_index(address); } static inline int pgd_bad(pgd_t pgd) { unsigned long ignore_flags = _PAGE_USER; if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return 0; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION)) ignore_flags |= _PAGE_NX; return (pgd_flags(pgd) & ~ignore_flags) != _KERNPG_TABLE; } static inline int pgd_none(pgd_t pgd) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return 0; /* * There is no need to do a workaround for the KNL stray * A/D bit erratum here. PGDs only point to page tables * except on 32-bit non-PAE which is not supported on * KNL. */ return !native_pgd_val(pgd); } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #define KERNEL_PGD_BOUNDARY pgd_index(PAGE_OFFSET) #define KERNEL_PGD_PTRS (PTRS_PER_PGD - KERNEL_PGD_BOUNDARY) #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ extern int direct_gbpages; void init_mem_mapping(void); void early_alloc_pgt_buf(void); extern void memblock_find_dma_reserve(void); void __init poking_init(void); unsigned long init_memory_mapping(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 extern pgd_t trampoline_pgd_entry; #endif /* local pte updates need not use xchg for locking */ static inline pte_t native_local_ptep_get_and_clear(pte_t *ptep) { pte_t res = *ptep; /* Pure native function needs no input for mm, addr */ native_pte_clear(NULL, 0, ptep); return res; } static inline pmd_t native_local_pmdp_get_and_clear(pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t res = *pmdp; native_pmd_clear(pmdp); return res; } static inline pud_t native_local_pudp_get_and_clear(pud_t *pudp) { pud_t res = *pudp; native_pud_clear(pudp); return res; } static inline void set_pte_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { set_pte(ptep, pte); } static inline void set_pmd_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { set_pmd(pmdp, pmd); } static inline void set_pud_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pudp, pud_t pud) { native_set_pud(pudp, pud); } /* * We only update the dirty/accessed state if we set * the dirty bit by hand in the kernel, since the hardware * will do the accessed bit for us, and we don't want to * race with other CPU's that might be updating the dirty * bit at the same time. */ struct vm_area_struct; #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS extern int ptep_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, pte_t entry, int dirty); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG extern int ptep_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH extern int ptep_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t pte = native_ptep_get_and_clear(ptep); return pte; } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, int full) { pte_t pte; if (full) { /* * Full address destruction in progress; paravirt does not * care about updates and native needs no locking */ pte = native_local_ptep_get_and_clear(ptep); } else { pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, addr, ptep); } return pte; } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_WRPROTECT static inline void ptep_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { clear_bit(_PAGE_BIT_RW, (unsigned long *)&ptep->pte); } #define flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vma, address) do { } while (0) #define mk_pmd(page, pgprot) pfn_pmd(page_to_pfn(page), (pgprot)) #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS extern int pmdp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t entry, int dirty); extern int pudp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, pud_t entry, int dirty); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG extern int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp); extern int pudp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pudp); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH extern int pmdp_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #define pmd_write pmd_write static inline int pmd_write(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_RW; } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pmd_t pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp) { return native_pmdp_get_and_clear(pmdp); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pud_t pudp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pudp) { return native_pudp_get_and_clear(pudp); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_WRPROTECT static inline void pmdp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp) { clear_bit(_PAGE_BIT_RW, (unsigned long *)pmdp); } #define pud_write pud_write static inline int pud_write(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_RW; } #ifndef pmdp_establish #define pmdp_establish pmdp_establish static inline pmd_t pmdp_establish(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMP)) { return xchg(pmdp, pmd); } else { pmd_t old = *pmdp; WRITE_ONCE(*pmdp, pmd); return old; } } #endif /* * Page table pages are page-aligned. The lower half of the top * level is used for userspace and the top half for the kernel. * * Returns true for parts of the PGD that map userspace and * false for the parts that map the kernel. */ static inline bool pgdp_maps_userspace(void *__ptr) { unsigned long ptr = (unsigned long)__ptr; return (((ptr & ~PAGE_MASK) / sizeof(pgd_t)) < PGD_KERNEL_START); } #define pgd_leaf pgd_large static inline int pgd_large(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION /* * All top-level PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION page tables are order-1 pages * (8k-aligned and 8k in size). The kernel one is at the beginning 4k and * the user one is in the last 4k. To switch between them, you * just need to flip the 12th bit in their addresses. */ #define PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT PAGE_SHIFT /* * This generates better code than the inline assembly in * __set_bit(). */ static inline void *ptr_set_bit(void *ptr, int bit) { unsigned long __ptr = (unsigned long)ptr; __ptr |= BIT(bit); return (void *)__ptr; } static inline void *ptr_clear_bit(void *ptr, int bit) { unsigned long __ptr = (unsigned long)ptr; __ptr &= ~BIT(bit); return (void *)__ptr; } static inline pgd_t *kernel_to_user_pgdp(pgd_t *pgdp) { return ptr_set_bit(pgdp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } static inline pgd_t *user_to_kernel_pgdp(pgd_t *pgdp) { return ptr_clear_bit(pgdp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } static inline p4d_t *kernel_to_user_p4dp(p4d_t *p4dp) { return ptr_set_bit(p4dp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } static inline p4d_t *user_to_kernel_p4dp(p4d_t *p4dp) { return ptr_clear_bit(p4dp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } #endif /* CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION */ /* * clone_pgd_range(pgd_t *dst, pgd_t *src, int count); * * dst - pointer to pgd range anwhere on a pgd page * src - "" * count - the number of pgds to copy. * * dst and src can be on the same page, but the range must not overlap, * and must not cross a page boundary. */ static inline void clone_pgd_range(pgd_t *dst, pgd_t *src, int count) { memcpy(dst, src, count * sizeof(pgd_t)); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PTI)) return; /* Clone the user space pgd as well */ memcpy(kernel_to_user_pgdp(dst), kernel_to_user_pgdp(src), count * sizeof(pgd_t)); #endif } #define PTE_SHIFT ilog2(PTRS_PER_PTE) static inline int page_level_shift(enum pg_level level) { return (PAGE_SHIFT - PTE_SHIFT) + level * PTE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long page_level_size(enum pg_level level) { return 1UL << page_level_shift(level); } static inline unsigned long page_level_mask(enum pg_level level) { return ~(page_level_size(level) - 1); } /* * The x86 doesn't have any external MMU info: the kernel page * tables contain all the necessary information. */ static inline void update_mmu_cache(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { } static inline void update_mmu_cache_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd) { } static inline void update_mmu_cache_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud) { } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY static inline pte_t pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline int pte_swp_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline int pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP static inline pte_t pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } static inline int pte_swp_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mkuffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } static inline int pmd_swp_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP */ #define PKRU_AD_BIT 0x1u #define PKRU_WD_BIT 0x2u #define PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY 2 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS extern u32 init_pkru_value; #else #define init_pkru_value 0 #endif static inline bool __pkru_allows_read(u32 pkru, u16 pkey) { int pkru_pkey_bits = pkey * PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY; return !(pkru & (PKRU_AD_BIT << pkru_pkey_bits)); } static inline bool __pkru_allows_write(u32 pkru, u16 pkey) { int pkru_pkey_bits = pkey * PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY; /* * Access-disable disables writes too so we need to check * both bits here. */ return !(pkru & ((PKRU_AD_BIT|PKRU_WD_BIT) << pkru_pkey_bits)); } static inline u16 pte_flags_pkey(unsigned long pte_flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS /* ifdef to avoid doing 59-bit shift on 32-bit values */ return (pte_flags & _PAGE_PKEY_MASK) >> _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT0; #else return 0; #endif } static inline bool __pkru_allows_pkey(u16 pkey, bool write) { u32 pkru = read_pkru(); if (!__pkru_allows_read(pkru, pkey)) return false; if (write && !__pkru_allows_write(pkru, pkey)) return false; return true; } /* * 'pteval' can come from a PTE, PMD or PUD. We only check * _PAGE_PRESENT, _PAGE_USER, and _PAGE_RW in here which are the * same value on all 3 types. */ static inline bool __pte_access_permitted(unsigned long pteval, bool write) { unsigned long need_pte_bits = _PAGE_PRESENT|_PAGE_USER; if (write) need_pte_bits |= _PAGE_RW; if ((pteval & need_pte_bits) != need_pte_bits) return 0; return __pkru_allows_pkey(pte_flags_pkey(pteval), write); } #define pte_access_permitted pte_access_permitted static inline bool pte_access_permitted(pte_t pte, bool write) { return __pte_access_permitted(pte_val(pte), write); } #define pmd_access_permitted pmd_access_permitted static inline bool pmd_access_permitted(pmd_t pmd, bool write) { return __pte_access_permitted(pmd_val(pmd), write); } #define pud_access_permitted pud_access_permitted static inline bool pud_access_permitted(pud_t pud, bool write) { return __pte_access_permitted(pud_val(pud), write); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED 1 extern bool pfn_modify_allowed(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot); static inline bool arch_has_pfn_modify_check(void) { return boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_L1TF); } #define arch_faults_on_old_pte arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { return false; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * async.h: Asynchronous function calls for boot performance * * (C) Copyright 2009 Intel Corporation * Author: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com> */ #ifndef __ASYNC_H__ #define __ASYNC_H__ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/device.h> typedef u64 async_cookie_t; typedef void (*async_func_t) (void *data, async_cookie_t cookie); struct async_domain { struct list_head pending; unsigned registered:1; }; /* * domain participates in global async_synchronize_full */ #define ASYNC_DOMAIN(_name) \ struct async_domain _name = { .pending = LIST_HEAD_INIT(_name.pending), \ .registered = 1 } /* * domain is free to go out of scope as soon as all pending work is * complete, this domain does not participate in async_synchronize_full */ #define ASYNC_DOMAIN_EXCLUSIVE(_name) \ struct async_domain _name = { .pending = LIST_HEAD_INIT(_name.pending), \ .registered = 0 } async_cookie_t async_schedule_node(async_func_t func, void *data, int node); async_cookie_t async_schedule_node_domain(async_func_t func, void *data, int node, struct async_domain *domain); /** * async_schedule - schedule a function for asynchronous execution * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @data: data pointer to pass to the function * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule(async_func_t func, void *data) { return async_schedule_node(func, data, NUMA_NO_NODE); } /** * async_schedule_domain - schedule a function for asynchronous execution within a certain domain * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @data: data pointer to pass to the function * @domain: the domain * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * @domain may be used in the async_synchronize_*_domain() functions to * wait within a certain synchronization domain rather than globally. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule_domain(async_func_t func, void *data, struct async_domain *domain) { return async_schedule_node_domain(func, data, NUMA_NO_NODE, domain); } /** * async_schedule_dev - A device specific version of async_schedule * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @dev: device argument to be passed to function * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * @dev is used as both the argument for the function and to provide NUMA * context for where to run the function. By doing this we can try to * provide for the best possible outcome by operating on the device on the * CPUs closest to the device. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule_dev(async_func_t func, struct device *dev) { return async_schedule_node(func, dev, dev_to_node(dev)); } /** * async_schedule_dev_domain - A device specific version of async_schedule_domain * @func: function to execute asynchronously * @dev: device argument to be passed to function * @domain: the domain * * Returns an async_cookie_t that may be used for checkpointing later. * @dev is used as both the argument for the function and to provide NUMA * context for where to run the function. By doing this we can try to * provide for the best possible outcome by operating on the device on the * CPUs closest to the device. * @domain may be used in the async_synchronize_*_domain() functions to * wait within a certain synchronization domain rather than globally. * Note: This function may be called from atomic or non-atomic contexts. */ static inline async_cookie_t async_schedule_dev_domain(async_func_t func, struct device *dev, struct async_domain *domain) { return async_schedule_node_domain(func, dev, dev_to_node(dev), domain); } void async_unregister_domain(struct async_domain *domain); extern void async_synchronize_full(void); extern void async_synchronize_full_domain(struct async_domain *domain); extern void async_synchronize_cookie(async_cookie_t cookie); extern void async_synchronize_cookie_domain(async_cookie_t cookie, struct async_domain *domain); extern bool current_is_async(void); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright (C) 2001 Jens Axboe <axboe@suse.de> */ #ifndef __LINUX_BIO_H #define __LINUX_BIO_H #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/mempool.h> #include <linux/ioprio.h> /* struct bio, bio_vec and BIO_* flags are defined in blk_types.h */ #include <linux/blk_types.h> #define BIO_DEBUG #ifdef BIO_DEBUG #define BIO_BUG_ON BUG_ON #else #define BIO_BUG_ON #endif #define BIO_MAX_PAGES 256 #define bio_prio(bio) (bio)->bi_ioprio #define bio_set_prio(bio, prio) ((bio)->bi_ioprio = prio) #define bio_iter_iovec(bio, iter) \ bvec_iter_bvec((bio)->bi_io_vec, (iter)) #define bio_iter_page(bio, iter) \ bvec_iter_page((bio)->bi_io_vec, (iter)) #define bio_iter_len(bio, iter) \ bvec_iter_len((bio)->bi_io_vec, (iter)) #define bio_iter_offset(bio, iter) \ bvec_iter_offset((bio)->bi_io_vec, (iter)) #define bio_page(bio) bio_iter_page((bio), (bio)->bi_iter) #define bio_offset(bio) bio_iter_offset((bio), (bio)->bi_iter) #define bio_iovec(bio) bio_iter_iovec((bio), (bio)->bi_iter) #define bvec_iter_sectors(iter) ((iter).bi_size >> 9) #define bvec_iter_end_sector(iter) ((iter).bi_sector + bvec_iter_sectors((iter))) #define bio_sectors(bio) bvec_iter_sectors((bio)->bi_iter) #define bio_end_sector(bio) bvec_iter_end_sector((bio)->bi_iter) /* * Return the data direction, READ or WRITE. */ #define bio_data_dir(bio) \ (op_is_write(bio_op(bio)) ? WRITE : READ) /* * Check whether this bio carries any data or not. A NULL bio is allowed. */ static inline bool bio_has_data(struct bio *bio) { if (bio && bio->bi_iter.bi_size && bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_DISCARD && bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE && bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES) return true; return false; } static inline bool bio_no_advance_iter(const struct bio *bio) { return bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_DISCARD || bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE || bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME || bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES; } static inline bool bio_mergeable(struct bio *bio) { if (bio->bi_opf & REQ_NOMERGE_FLAGS) return false; return true; } static inline unsigned int bio_cur_bytes(struct bio *bio) { if (bio_has_data(bio)) return bio_iovec(bio).bv_len; else /* dataless requests such as discard */ return bio->bi_iter.bi_size; } static inline void *bio_data(struct bio *bio) { if (bio_has_data(bio)) return page_address(bio_page(bio)) + bio_offset(bio); return NULL; } /** * bio_full - check if the bio is full * @bio: bio to check * @len: length of one segment to be added * * Return true if @bio is full and one segment with @len bytes can't be * added to the bio, otherwise return false */ static inline bool bio_full(struct bio *bio, unsigned len) { if (bio->bi_vcnt >= bio->bi_max_vecs) return true; if (bio->bi_iter.bi_size > UINT_MAX - len) return true; return false; } static inline bool bio_next_segment(const struct bio *bio, struct bvec_iter_all *iter) { if (iter->idx >= bio->bi_vcnt) return false; bvec_advance(&bio->bi_io_vec[iter->idx], iter); return true; } /* * drivers should _never_ use the all version - the bio may have been split * before it got to the driver and the driver won't own all of it */ #define bio_for_each_segment_all(bvl, bio, iter) \ for (bvl = bvec_init_iter_all(&iter); bio_next_segment((bio), &iter); ) static inline void bio_advance_iter(const struct bio *bio, struct bvec_iter *iter, unsigned int bytes) { iter->bi_sector += bytes >> 9; if (bio_no_advance_iter(bio)) iter->bi_size -= bytes; else bvec_iter_advance(bio->bi_io_vec, iter, bytes); /* TODO: It is reasonable to complete bio with error here. */ } #define __bio_for_each_segment(bvl, bio, iter, start) \ for (iter = (start); \ (iter).bi_size && \ ((bvl = bio_iter_iovec((bio), (iter))), 1); \ bio_advance_iter((bio), &(iter), (bvl).bv_len)) #define bio_for_each_segment(bvl, bio, iter) \ __bio_for_each_segment(bvl, bio, iter, (bio)->bi_iter) #define __bio_for_each_bvec(bvl, bio, iter, start) \ for (iter = (start); \ (iter).bi_size && \ ((bvl = mp_bvec_iter_bvec((bio)->bi_io_vec, (iter))), 1); \ bio_advance_iter((bio), &(iter), (bvl).bv_len)) /* iterate over multi-page bvec */ #define bio_for_each_bvec(bvl, bio, iter) \ __bio_for_each_bvec(bvl, bio, iter, (bio)->bi_iter) /* * Iterate over all multi-page bvecs. Drivers shouldn't use this version for the * same reasons as bio_for_each_segment_all(). */ #define bio_for_each_bvec_all(bvl, bio, i) \ for (i = 0, bvl = bio_first_bvec_all(bio); \ i < (bio)->bi_vcnt; i++, bvl++) \ #define bio_iter_last(bvec, iter) ((iter).bi_size == (bvec).bv_len) static inline unsigned bio_segments(struct bio *bio) { unsigned segs = 0; struct bio_vec bv; struct bvec_iter iter; /* * We special case discard/write same/write zeroes, because they * interpret bi_size differently: */ switch (bio_op(bio)) { case REQ_OP_DISCARD: case REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE: case REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES: return 0; case REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME: return 1; default: break; } bio_for_each_segment(bv, bio, iter) segs++; return segs; } /* * get a reference to a bio, so it won't disappear. the intended use is * something like: * * bio_get(bio); * submit_bio(rw, bio); * if (bio->bi_flags ...) * do_something * bio_put(bio); * * without the bio_get(), it could potentially complete I/O before submit_bio * returns. and then bio would be freed memory when if (bio->bi_flags ...) * runs */ static inline void bio_get(struct bio *bio) { bio->bi_flags |= (1 << BIO_REFFED); smp_mb__before_atomic(); atomic_inc(&bio->__bi_cnt); } static inline void bio_cnt_set(struct bio *bio, unsigned int count) { if (count != 1) { bio->bi_flags |= (1 << BIO_REFFED); smp_mb(); } atomic_set(&bio->__bi_cnt, count); } static inline bool bio_flagged(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bit) { return (bio->bi_flags & (1U << bit)) != 0; } static inline void bio_set_flag(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bit) { bio->bi_flags |= (1U << bit); } static inline void bio_clear_flag(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bit) { bio->bi_flags &= ~(1U << bit); } static inline void bio_get_first_bvec(struct bio *bio, struct bio_vec *bv) { *bv = mp_bvec_iter_bvec(bio->bi_io_vec, bio->bi_iter); } static inline void bio_get_last_bvec(struct bio *bio, struct bio_vec *bv) { struct bvec_iter iter = bio->bi_iter; int idx; bio_get_first_bvec(bio, bv); if (bv->bv_len == bio->bi_iter.bi_size) return; /* this bio only has a single bvec */ bio_advance_iter(bio, &iter, iter.bi_size); if (!iter.bi_bvec_done) idx = iter.bi_idx - 1; else /* in the middle of bvec */ idx = iter.bi_idx; *bv = bio->bi_io_vec[idx]; /* * iter.bi_bvec_done records actual length of the last bvec * if this bio ends in the middle of one io vector */ if (iter.bi_bvec_done) bv->bv_len = iter.bi_bvec_done; } static inline struct bio_vec *bio_first_bvec_all(struct bio *bio) { WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_flagged(bio, BIO_CLONED)); return bio->bi_io_vec; } static inline struct page *bio_first_page_all(struct bio *bio) { return bio_first_bvec_all(bio)->bv_page; } static inline struct bio_vec *bio_last_bvec_all(struct bio *bio) { WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_flagged(bio, BIO_CLONED)); return &bio->bi_io_vec[bio->bi_vcnt - 1]; } enum bip_flags { BIP_BLOCK_INTEGRITY = 1 << 0, /* block layer owns integrity data */ BIP_MAPPED_INTEGRITY = 1 << 1, /* ref tag has been remapped */ BIP_CTRL_NOCHECK = 1 << 2, /* disable HBA integrity checking */ BIP_DISK_NOCHECK = 1 << 3, /* disable disk integrity checking */ BIP_IP_CHECKSUM = 1 << 4, /* IP checksum */ }; /* * bio integrity payload */ struct bio_integrity_payload { struct bio *bip_bio; /* parent bio */ struct bvec_iter bip_iter; unsigned short bip_slab; /* slab the bip came from */ unsigned short bip_vcnt; /* # of integrity bio_vecs */ unsigned short bip_max_vcnt; /* integrity bio_vec slots */ unsigned short bip_flags; /* control flags */ struct bvec_iter bio_iter; /* for rewinding parent bio */ struct work_struct bip_work; /* I/O completion */ struct bio_vec *bip_vec; struct bio_vec bip_inline_vecs[];/* embedded bvec array */ }; #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) static inline struct bio_integrity_payload *bio_integrity(struct bio *bio) { if (bio->bi_opf & REQ_INTEGRITY) return bio->bi_integrity; return NULL; } static inline bool bio_integrity_flagged(struct bio *bio, enum bip_flags flag) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(bio); if (bip) return bip->bip_flags & flag; return false; } static inline sector_t bip_get_seed(struct bio_integrity_payload *bip) { return bip->bip_iter.bi_sector; } static inline void bip_set_seed(struct bio_integrity_payload *bip, sector_t seed) { bip->bip_iter.bi_sector = seed; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ extern void bio_trim(struct bio *bio, int offset, int size); extern struct bio *bio_split(struct bio *bio, int sectors, gfp_t gfp, struct bio_set *bs); /** * bio_next_split - get next @sectors from a bio, splitting if necessary * @bio: bio to split * @sectors: number of sectors to split from the front of @bio * @gfp: gfp mask * @bs: bio set to allocate from * * Returns a bio representing the next @sectors of @bio - if the bio is smaller * than @sectors, returns the original bio unchanged. */ static inline struct bio *bio_next_split(struct bio *bio, int sectors, gfp_t gfp, struct bio_set *bs) { if (sectors >= bio_sectors(bio)) return bio; return bio_split(bio, sectors, gfp, bs); } enum { BIOSET_NEED_BVECS = BIT(0), BIOSET_NEED_RESCUER = BIT(1), }; extern int bioset_init(struct bio_set *, unsigned int, unsigned int, int flags); extern void bioset_exit(struct bio_set *); extern int biovec_init_pool(mempool_t *pool, int pool_entries); extern int bioset_init_from_src(struct bio_set *bs, struct bio_set *src); extern struct bio *bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_t, unsigned int, struct bio_set *); extern void bio_put(struct bio *); extern void __bio_clone_fast(struct bio *, struct bio *); extern struct bio *bio_clone_fast(struct bio *, gfp_t, struct bio_set *); extern struct bio_set fs_bio_set; static inline struct bio *bio_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int nr_iovecs) { return bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_mask, nr_iovecs, &fs_bio_set); } static inline struct bio *bio_kmalloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int nr_iovecs) { return bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_mask, nr_iovecs, NULL); } extern blk_qc_t submit_bio(struct bio *); extern void bio_endio(struct bio *); static inline void bio_io_error(struct bio *bio) { bio->bi_status = BLK_STS_IOERR; bio_endio(bio); } static inline void bio_wouldblock_error(struct bio *bio) { bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_QUIET); bio->bi_status = BLK_STS_AGAIN; bio_endio(bio); } struct request_queue; extern int submit_bio_wait(struct bio *bio); extern void bio_advance(struct bio *, unsigned); extern void bio_init(struct bio *bio, struct bio_vec *table, unsigned short max_vecs); extern void bio_uninit(struct bio *); extern void bio_reset(struct bio *); void bio_chain(struct bio *, struct bio *); extern int bio_add_page(struct bio *, struct page *, unsigned int,unsigned int); extern int bio_add_pc_page(struct request_queue *, struct bio *, struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); bool __bio_try_merge_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int off, bool *same_page); void __bio_add_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int off); int bio_iov_iter_get_pages(struct bio *bio, struct iov_iter *iter); void bio_release_pages(struct bio *bio, bool mark_dirty); extern void bio_set_pages_dirty(struct bio *bio); extern void bio_check_pages_dirty(struct bio *bio); extern void bio_copy_data_iter(struct bio *dst, struct bvec_iter *dst_iter, struct bio *src, struct bvec_iter *src_iter); extern void bio_copy_data(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src); extern void bio_list_copy_data(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src); extern void bio_free_pages(struct bio *bio); void zero_fill_bio_iter(struct bio *bio, struct bvec_iter iter); void bio_truncate(struct bio *bio, unsigned new_size); void guard_bio_eod(struct bio *bio); static inline void zero_fill_bio(struct bio *bio) { zero_fill_bio_iter(bio, bio->bi_iter); } extern struct bio_vec *bvec_alloc(gfp_t, int, unsigned long *, mempool_t *); extern void bvec_free(mempool_t *, struct bio_vec *, unsigned int); extern unsigned int bvec_nr_vecs(unsigned short idx); extern const char *bio_devname(struct bio *bio, char *buffer); #define bio_set_dev(bio, bdev) \ do { \ if ((bio)->bi_disk != (bdev)->bd_disk) \ bio_clear_flag(bio, BIO_THROTTLED);\ (bio)->bi_disk = (bdev)->bd_disk; \ (bio)->bi_partno = (bdev)->bd_partno; \ bio_associate_blkg(bio); \ } while (0) #define bio_copy_dev(dst, src) \ do { \ (dst)->bi_disk = (src)->bi_disk; \ (dst)->bi_partno = (src)->bi_partno; \ bio_clone_blkg_association(dst, src); \ } while (0) #define bio_dev(bio) \ disk_devt((bio)->bi_disk) #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP void bio_associate_blkg(struct bio *bio); void bio_associate_blkg_from_css(struct bio *bio, struct cgroup_subsys_state *css); void bio_clone_blkg_association(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP */ static inline void bio_associate_blkg(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void bio_associate_blkg_from_css(struct bio *bio, struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { } static inline void bio_clone_blkg_association(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP */ #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * remember never ever reenable interrupts between a bvec_kmap_irq and * bvec_kunmap_irq! */ static inline char *bvec_kmap_irq(struct bio_vec *bvec, unsigned long *flags) { unsigned long addr; /* * might not be a highmem page, but the preempt/irq count * balancing is a lot nicer this way */ local_irq_save(*flags); addr = (unsigned long) kmap_atomic(bvec->bv_page); BUG_ON(addr & ~PAGE_MASK); return (char *) addr + bvec->bv_offset; } static inline void bvec_kunmap_irq(char *buffer, unsigned long *flags) { unsigned long ptr = (unsigned long) buffer & PAGE_MASK; kunmap_atomic((void *) ptr); local_irq_restore(*flags); } #else static inline char *bvec_kmap_irq(struct bio_vec *bvec, unsigned long *flags) { return page_address(bvec->bv_page) + bvec->bv_offset; } static inline void bvec_kunmap_irq(char *buffer, unsigned long *flags) { *flags = 0; } #endif /* * BIO list management for use by remapping drivers (e.g. DM or MD) and loop. * * A bio_list anchors a singly-linked list of bios chained through the bi_next * member of the bio. The bio_list also caches the last list member to allow * fast access to the tail. */ struct bio_list { struct bio *head; struct bio *tail; }; static inline int bio_list_empty(const struct bio_list *bl) { return bl->head == NULL; } static inline void bio_list_init(struct bio_list *bl) { bl->head = bl->tail = NULL; } #define BIO_EMPTY_LIST { NULL, NULL } #define bio_list_for_each(bio, bl) \ for (bio = (bl)->head; bio; bio = bio->bi_next) static inline unsigned bio_list_size(const struct bio_list *bl) { unsigned sz = 0; struct bio *bio; bio_list_for_each(bio, bl) sz++; return sz; } static inline void bio_list_add(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio *bio) { bio->bi_next = NULL; if (bl->tail) bl->tail->bi_next = bio; else bl->head = bio; bl->tail = bio; } static inline void bio_list_add_head(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio *bio) { bio->bi_next = bl->head; bl->head = bio; if (!bl->tail) bl->tail = bio; } static inline void bio_list_merge(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio_list *bl2) { if (!bl2->head) return; if (bl->tail) bl->tail->bi_next = bl2->head; else bl->head = bl2->head; bl->tail = bl2->tail; } static inline void bio_list_merge_head(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio_list *bl2) { if (!bl2->head) return; if (bl->head) bl2->tail->bi_next = bl->head; else bl->tail = bl2->tail; bl->head = bl2->head; } static inline struct bio *bio_list_peek(struct bio_list *bl) { return bl->head; } static inline struct bio *bio_list_pop(struct bio_list *bl) { struct bio *bio = bl->head; if (bio) { bl->head = bl->head->bi_next; if (!bl->head) bl->tail = NULL; bio->bi_next = NULL; } return bio; } static inline struct bio *bio_list_get(struct bio_list *bl) { struct bio *bio = bl->head; bl->head = bl->tail = NULL; return bio; } /* * Increment chain count for the bio. Make sure the CHAIN flag update * is visible before the raised count. */ static inline void bio_inc_remaining(struct bio *bio) { bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_CHAIN); smp_mb__before_atomic(); atomic_inc(&bio->__bi_remaining); } /* * bio_set is used to allow other portions of the IO system to * allocate their own private memory pools for bio and iovec structures. * These memory pools in turn all allocate from the bio_slab * and the bvec_slabs[]. */ #define BIO_POOL_SIZE 2 struct bio_set { struct kmem_cache *bio_slab; unsigned int front_pad; mempool_t bio_pool; mempool_t bvec_pool; #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) mempool_t bio_integrity_pool; mempool_t bvec_integrity_pool; #endif /* * Deadlock avoidance for stacking block drivers: see comments in * bio_alloc_bioset() for details */ spinlock_t rescue_lock; struct bio_list rescue_list; struct work_struct rescue_work; struct workqueue_struct *rescue_workqueue; }; struct biovec_slab { int nr_vecs; char *name; struct kmem_cache *slab; }; static inline bool bioset_initialized(struct bio_set *bs) { return bs->bio_slab != NULL; } /* * a small number of entries is fine, not going to be performance critical. * basically we just need to survive */ #define BIO_SPLIT_ENTRIES 2 #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) #define bip_for_each_vec(bvl, bip, iter) \ for_each_bvec(bvl, (bip)->bip_vec, iter, (bip)->bip_iter) #define bio_for_each_integrity_vec(_bvl, _bio, _iter) \ for_each_bio(_bio) \ bip_for_each_vec(_bvl, _bio->bi_integrity, _iter) extern struct bio_integrity_payload *bio_integrity_alloc(struct bio *, gfp_t, unsigned int); extern int bio_integrity_add_page(struct bio *, struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); extern bool bio_integrity_prep(struct bio *); extern void bio_integrity_advance(struct bio *, unsigned int); extern void bio_integrity_trim(struct bio *); extern int bio_integrity_clone(struct bio *, struct bio *, gfp_t); extern int bioset_integrity_create(struct bio_set *, int); extern void bioset_integrity_free(struct bio_set *); extern void bio_integrity_init(void); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ static inline void *bio_integrity(struct bio *bio) { return NULL; } static inline int bioset_integrity_create(struct bio_set *bs, int pool_size) { return 0; } static inline void bioset_integrity_free (struct bio_set *bs) { return; } static inline bool bio_integrity_prep(struct bio *bio) { return true; } static inline int bio_integrity_clone(struct bio *bio, struct bio *bio_src, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return 0; } static inline void bio_integrity_advance(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bytes_done) { return; } static inline void bio_integrity_trim(struct bio *bio) { return; } static inline void bio_integrity_init(void) { return; } static inline bool bio_integrity_flagged(struct bio *bio, enum bip_flags flag) { return false; } static inline void *bio_integrity_alloc(struct bio * bio, gfp_t gfp, unsigned int nr) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline int bio_integrity_add_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offset) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ /* * Mark a bio as polled. Note that for async polled IO, the caller must * expect -EWOULDBLOCK if we cannot allocate a request (or other resources). * We cannot block waiting for requests on polled IO, as those completions * must be found by the caller. This is different than IRQ driven IO, where * it's safe to wait for IO to complete. */ static inline void bio_set_polled(struct bio *bio, struct kiocb *kiocb) { bio->bi_opf |= REQ_HIPRI; if (!is_sync_kiocb(kiocb)) bio->bi_opf |= REQ_NOWAIT; } #endif /* __LINUX_BIO_H */
1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * This header provides generic wrappers for memory access instrumentation that * the compiler cannot emit for: KASAN, KCSAN. */ #ifndef _LINUX_INSTRUMENTED_H #define _LINUX_INSTRUMENTED_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/kasan-checks.h> #include <linux/kcsan-checks.h> #include <linux/types.h> /** * instrument_read - instrument regular read access * * Instrument a regular read access. The instrumentation should be inserted * before the actual read happens. * * @ptr address of access * @size size of access */ static __always_inline void instrument_read(const volatile void *v, size_t size) { kasan_check_read(v, size); kcsan_check_read(v, size); } /** * instrument_write - instrument regular write access * * Instrument a regular write access. The instrumentation should be inserted * before the actual write happens. * * @ptr address of access * @size size of access */ static __always_inline void instrument_write(const volatile void *v, size_t size) { kasan_check_write(v, size); kcsan_check_write(v, size); } /** * instrument_read_write - instrument regular read-write access * * Instrument a regular write access. The instrumentation should be inserted * before the actual write happens. * * @ptr address of access * @size size of access */ static __always_inline void instrument_read_write(const volatile void *v, size_t size) { kasan_check_write(v, size); kcsan_check_read_write(v, size); } /** * instrument_atomic_read - instrument atomic read access * * Instrument an atomic read access. The instrumentation should be inserted * before the actual read happens. * * @ptr address of access * @size size of access */ static __always_inline void instrument_atomic_read(const volatile void *v, size_t size) { kasan_check_read(v, size); kcsan_check_atomic_read(v, size); } /** * instrument_atomic_write - instrument atomic write access * * Instrument an atomic write access. The instrumentation should be inserted * before the actual write happens. * * @ptr address of access * @size size of access */ static __always_inline void instrument_atomic_write(const volatile void *v, size_t size) { kasan_check_write(v, size); kcsan_check_atomic_write(v, size); } /** * instrument_atomic_read_write - instrument atomic read-write access * * Instrument an atomic read-write access. The instrumentation should be * inserted before the actual write happens. * * @ptr address of access * @size size of access */ static __always_inline void instrument_atomic_read_write(const volatile void *v, size_t size) { kasan_check_write(v, size); kcsan_check_atomic_read_write(v, size); } /** * instrument_copy_to_user - instrument reads of copy_to_user * * Instrument reads from kernel memory, that are due to copy_to_user (and * variants). The instrumentation must be inserted before the accesses. * * @to destination address * @from source address * @n number of bytes to copy */ static __always_inline void instrument_copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { kasan_check_read(from, n); kcsan_check_read(from, n); } /** * instrument_copy_from_user - instrument writes of copy_from_user * * Instrument writes to kernel memory, that are due to copy_from_user (and * variants). The instrumentation should be inserted before the accesses. * * @to destination address * @from source address * @n number of bytes to copy */ static __always_inline void instrument_copy_from_user(const void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { kasan_check_write(to, n); kcsan_check_write(to, n); } #endif /* _LINUX_INSTRUMENTED_H */