1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/file_table.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * Copyright (C) 1997 David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu) */ #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fdtable.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/eventpoll.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/cdev.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/ima.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include "internal.h" /* sysctl tunables... */ struct files_stat_struct files_stat = { .max_files = NR_FILE }; /* SLAB cache for file structures */ static struct kmem_cache *filp_cachep __read_mostly; static struct percpu_counter nr_files __cacheline_aligned_in_smp; static void file_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *head) { struct file *f = container_of(head, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead); put_cred(f->f_cred); kmem_cache_free(filp_cachep, f); } static inline void file_free(struct file *f) { security_file_free(f); if (!(f->f_mode & FMODE_NOACCOUNT)) percpu_counter_dec(&nr_files); call_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead, file_free_rcu); } /* * Return the total number of open files in the system */ static long get_nr_files(void) { return percpu_counter_read_positive(&nr_files); } /* * Return the maximum number of open files in the system */ unsigned long get_max_files(void) { return files_stat.max_files; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_max_files); /* * Handle nr_files sysctl */ #if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { files_stat.nr_files = get_nr_files(); return proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } #else int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { return -ENOSYS; } #endif static struct file *__alloc_file(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f; int error; f = kmem_cache_zalloc(filp_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (unlikely(!f)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); f->f_cred = get_cred(cred); error = security_file_alloc(f); if (unlikely(error)) { file_free_rcu(&f->f_u.fu_rcuhead); return ERR_PTR(error); } atomic_long_set(&f->f_count, 1); rwlock_init(&f->f_owner.lock); spin_lock_init(&f->f_lock); mutex_init(&f->f_pos_lock); eventpoll_init_file(f); f->f_flags = flags; f->f_mode = OPEN_FMODE(flags); /* f->f_version: 0 */ return f; } /* Find an unused file structure and return a pointer to it. * Returns an error pointer if some error happend e.g. we over file * structures limit, run out of memory or operation is not permitted. * * Be very careful using this. You are responsible for * getting write access to any mount that you might assign * to this filp, if it is opened for write. If this is not * done, you will imbalance int the mount's writer count * and a warning at __fput() time. */ struct file *alloc_empty_file(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { static long old_max; struct file *f; /* * Privileged users can go above max_files */ if (get_nr_files() >= files_stat.max_files && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { /* * percpu_counters are inaccurate. Do an expensive check before * we go and fail. */ if (percpu_counter_sum_positive(&nr_files) >= files_stat.max_files) goto over; } f = __alloc_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) percpu_counter_inc(&nr_files); return f; over: /* Ran out of filps - report that */ if (get_nr_files() > old_max) { pr_info("VFS: file-max limit %lu reached\n", get_max_files()); old_max = get_nr_files(); } return ERR_PTR(-ENFILE); } /* * Variant of alloc_empty_file() that doesn't check and modify nr_files. * * Should not be used unless there's a very good reason to do so. */ struct file *alloc_empty_file_noaccount(int flags, const struct cred *cred) { struct file *f = __alloc_file(flags, cred); if (!IS_ERR(f)) f->f_mode |= FMODE_NOACCOUNT; return f; } /** * alloc_file - allocate and initialize a 'struct file' * * @path: the (dentry, vfsmount) pair for the new file * @flags: O_... flags with which the new file will be opened * @fop: the 'struct file_operations' for the new file */ static struct file *alloc_file(const struct path *path, int flags, const struct file_operations *fop) { struct file *file; file = alloc_empty_file(flags, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) return file; file->f_path = *path; file->f_inode = path->dentry->d_inode; file->f_mapping = path->dentry->d_inode->i_mapping; file->f_wb_err = filemap_sample_wb_err(file->f_mapping); file->f_sb_err = file_sample_sb_err(file); if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) && likely(fop->read || fop->read_iter)) file->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_READ; if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && likely(fop->write || fop->write_iter)) file->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_WRITE; file->f_mode |= FMODE_OPENED; file->f_op = fop; if ((file->f_mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_inc(path->dentry->d_inode); return file; } struct file *alloc_file_pseudo(struct inode *inode, struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *name, int flags, const struct file_operations *fops) { static const struct dentry_operations anon_ops = { .d_dname = simple_dname }; struct qstr this = QSTR_INIT(name, strlen(name)); struct path path; struct file *file; path.dentry = d_alloc_pseudo(mnt->mnt_sb, &this); if (!path.dentry) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!mnt->mnt_sb->s_d_op) d_set_d_op(path.dentry, &anon_ops); path.mnt = mntget(mnt); d_instantiate(path.dentry, inode); file = alloc_file(&path, flags, fops); if (IS_ERR(file)) { ihold(inode); path_put(&path); } return file; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_file_pseudo); struct file *alloc_file_clone(struct file *base, int flags, const struct file_operations *fops) { struct file *f = alloc_file(&base->f_path, flags, fops); if (!IS_ERR(f)) { path_get(&f->f_path); f->f_mapping = base->f_mapping; } return f; } /* the real guts of fput() - releasing the last reference to file */ static void __fput(struct file *file) { struct dentry *dentry = file->f_path.dentry; struct vfsmount *mnt = file->f_path.mnt; struct inode *inode = file->f_inode; fmode_t mode = file->f_mode; if (unlikely(!(file->f_mode & FMODE_OPENED))) goto out; might_sleep(); fsnotify_close(file); /* * The function eventpoll_release() should be the first called * in the file cleanup chain. */ eventpoll_release(file); locks_remove_file(file); ima_file_free(file); if (unlikely(file->f_flags & FASYNC)) { if (file->f_op->fasync) file->f_op->fasync(-1, file, 0); } if (file->f_op->release) file->f_op->release(inode, file); if (unlikely(S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && inode->i_cdev != NULL && !(mode & FMODE_PATH))) { cdev_put(inode->i_cdev); } fops_put(file->f_op); put_pid(file->f_owner.pid); if ((mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ) i_readcount_dec(inode); if (mode & FMODE_WRITER) { put_write_access(inode); __mnt_drop_write(mnt); } dput(dentry); if (unlikely(mode & FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT)) dissolve_on_fput(mnt); mntput(mnt); out: file_free(file); } static LLIST_HEAD(delayed_fput_list); static void delayed_fput(struct work_struct *unused) { struct llist_node *node = llist_del_all(&delayed_fput_list); struct file *f, *t; llist_for_each_entry_safe(f, t, node, f_u.fu_llist) __fput(f); } static void ____fput(struct callback_head *work) { __fput(container_of(work, struct file, f_u.fu_rcuhead)); } /* * If kernel thread really needs to have the final fput() it has done * to complete, call this. The only user right now is the boot - we * *do* need to make sure our writes to binaries on initramfs has * not left us with opened struct file waiting for __fput() - execve() * won't work without that. Please, don't add more callers without * very good reasons; in particular, never call that with locks * held and never call that from a thread that might need to do * some work on any kind of umount. */ void flush_delayed_fput(void) { delayed_fput(NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(flush_delayed_fput); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(delayed_fput_work, delayed_fput); void fput_many(struct file *file, unsigned int refs) { if (atomic_long_sub_and_test(refs, &file->f_count)) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(!in_interrupt() && !(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))) { init_task_work(&file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, ____fput); if (!task_work_add(task, &file->f_u.fu_rcuhead, TWA_RESUME)) return; /* * After this task has run exit_task_work(), * task_work_add() will fail. Fall through to delayed * fput to avoid leaking *file. */ } if (llist_add(&file->f_u.fu_llist, &delayed_fput_list)) schedule_delayed_work(&delayed_fput_work, 1); } } void fput(struct file *file) { fput_many(file, 1); } /* * synchronous analog of fput(); for kernel threads that might be needed * in some umount() (and thus can't use flush_delayed_fput() without * risking deadlocks), need to wait for completion of __fput() and know * for this specific struct file it won't involve anything that would * need them. Use only if you really need it - at the very least, * don't blindly convert fput() by kernel thread to that. */ void __fput_sync(struct file *file) { if (atomic_long_dec_and_test(&file->f_count)) { struct task_struct *task = current; BUG_ON(!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)); __fput(file); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fput); void __init files_init(void) { filp_cachep = kmem_cache_create("filp", sizeof(struct file), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC | SLAB_ACCOUNT, NULL); percpu_counter_init(&nr_files, 0, GFP_KERNEL); } /* * One file with associated inode and dcache is very roughly 1K. Per default * do not use more than 10% of our memory for files. */ void __init files_maxfiles_init(void) { unsigned long n; unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages(); unsigned long memreserve = (nr_pages - nr_free_pages()) * 3/2; memreserve = min(memreserve, nr_pages - 1); n = ((nr_pages - memreserve) * (PAGE_SIZE / 1024)) / 10; files_stat.max_files = max_t(unsigned long, n, NR_FILE); }
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H #define _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H #include <asm/desc.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/pkeys.h> #include <trace/events/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <asm/paravirt.h> #include <asm/debugreg.h> extern atomic64_t last_mm_ctx_id; #ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL static inline void paravirt_activate_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(rdpmc_never_available_key); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(rdpmc_always_available_key); void cr4_update_pce(void *ignored); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODIFY_LDT_SYSCALL /* * ldt_structs can be allocated, used, and freed, but they are never * modified while live. */ struct ldt_struct { /* * Xen requires page-aligned LDTs with special permissions. This is * needed to prevent us from installing evil descriptors such as * call gates. On native, we could merge the ldt_struct and LDT * allocations, but it's not worth trying to optimize. */ struct desc_struct *entries; unsigned int nr_entries; /* * If PTI is in use, then the entries array is not mapped while we're * in user mode. The whole array will be aliased at the addressed * given by ldt_slot_va(slot). We use two slots so that we can allocate * and map, and enable a new LDT without invalidating the mapping * of an older, still-in-use LDT. * * slot will be -1 if this LDT doesn't have an alias mapping. */ int slot; }; /* * Used for LDT copy/destruction. */ static inline void init_new_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { mm->context.ldt = NULL; init_rwsem(&mm->context.ldt_usr_sem); } int ldt_dup_context(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm); void destroy_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm); void ldt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm); #else /* CONFIG_MODIFY_LDT_SYSCALL */ static inline void init_new_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { } static inline int ldt_dup_context(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { return 0; } static inline void destroy_context_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { } static inline void ldt_arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MODIFY_LDT_SYSCALL extern void load_mm_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm); extern void switch_ldt(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next); #else static inline void load_mm_ldt(struct mm_struct *mm) { clear_LDT(); } static inline void switch_ldt(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next) { DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(preemptible()); } #endif extern void enter_lazy_tlb(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *tsk); /* * Init a new mm. Used on mm copies, like at fork() * and on mm's that are brand-new, like at execve(). */ static inline int init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm) { mutex_init(&mm->context.lock); mm->context.ctx_id = atomic64_inc_return(&last_mm_ctx_id); atomic64_set(&mm->context.tlb_gen, 0); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS if (cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) { /* pkey 0 is the default and allocated implicitly */ mm->context.pkey_allocation_map = 0x1; /* -1 means unallocated or invalid */ mm->context.execute_only_pkey = -1; } #endif init_new_context_ldt(mm); return 0; } static inline void destroy_context(struct mm_struct *mm) { destroy_context_ldt(mm); } extern void switch_mm(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk); extern void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next, struct task_struct *tsk); #define switch_mm_irqs_off switch_mm_irqs_off #define activate_mm(prev, next) \ do { \ paravirt_activate_mm((prev), (next)); \ switch_mm((prev), (next), NULL); \ } while (0); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define deactivate_mm(tsk, mm) \ do { \ lazy_load_gs(0); \ } while (0) #else #define deactivate_mm(tsk, mm) \ do { \ load_gs_index(0); \ loadsegment(fs, 0); \ } while (0) #endif static inline void arch_dup_pkeys(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return; /* Duplicate the oldmm pkey state in mm: */ mm->context.pkey_allocation_map = oldmm->context.pkey_allocation_map; mm->context.execute_only_pkey = oldmm->context.execute_only_pkey; #endif } static inline int arch_dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *oldmm, struct mm_struct *mm) { arch_dup_pkeys(oldmm, mm); paravirt_arch_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm); return ldt_dup_context(oldmm, mm); } static inline void arch_exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm) { paravirt_arch_exit_mmap(mm); ldt_arch_exit_mmap(mm); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static inline bool is_64bit_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION) || !(mm->context.ia32_compat == TIF_IA32); } #else static inline bool is_64bit_mm(struct mm_struct *mm) { return false; } #endif static inline void arch_unmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { } /* * We only want to enforce protection keys on the current process * because we effectively have no access to PKRU for other * processes or any way to tell *which * PKRU in a threaded * process we could use. * * So do not enforce things if the VMA is not from the current * mm, or if we are in a kernel thread. */ static inline bool arch_vma_access_permitted(struct vm_area_struct *vma, bool write, bool execute, bool foreign) { /* pkeys never affect instruction fetches */ if (execute) return true; /* allow access if the VMA is not one from this process */ if (foreign || vma_is_foreign(vma)) return true; return __pkru_allows_pkey(vma_pkey(vma), write); } unsigned long __get_current_cr3_fast(void); #endif /* _ASM_X86_MMU_CONTEXT_H */
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Resizable, Scalable, Concurrent Hash Table * * Copyright (c) 2015-2016 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> * Copyright (c) 2014-2015 Thomas Graf <tgraf@suug.ch> * Copyright (c) 2008-2014 Patrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net> * * Code partially derived from nft_hash * Rewritten with rehash code from br_multicast plus single list * pointer as suggested by Josh Triplett * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as * published by the Free Software Foundation. */ #ifndef _LINUX_RHASHTABLE_H #define _LINUX_RHASHTABLE_H #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/jhash.h> #include <linux/list_nulls.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> /* * Objects in an rhashtable have an embedded struct rhash_head * which is linked into as hash chain from the hash table - or one * of two or more hash tables when the rhashtable is being resized. * The end of the chain is marked with a special nulls marks which has * the least significant bit set but otherwise stores the address of * the hash bucket. This allows us to be sure we've found the end * of the right list. * The value stored in the hash bucket has BIT(0) used as a lock bit. * This bit must be atomically set before any changes are made to * the chain. To avoid dereferencing this pointer without clearing * the bit first, we use an opaque 'struct rhash_lock_head *' for the * pointer stored in the bucket. This struct needs to be defined so * that rcu_dereference() works on it, but it has no content so a * cast is needed for it to be useful. This ensures it isn't * used by mistake with clearing the lock bit first. */ struct rhash_lock_head {}; /* Maximum chain length before rehash * * The maximum (not average) chain length grows with the size of the hash * table, at a rate of (log N)/(log log N). * * The value of 16 is selected so that even if the hash table grew to * 2^32 you would not expect the maximum chain length to exceed it * unless we are under attack (or extremely unlucky). * * As this limit is only to detect attacks, we don't need to set it to a * lower value as you'd need the chain length to vastly exceed 16 to have * any real effect on the system. */ #define RHT_ELASTICITY 16u /** * struct bucket_table - Table of hash buckets * @size: Number of hash buckets * @nest: Number of bits of first-level nested table. * @rehash: Current bucket being rehashed * @hash_rnd: Random seed to fold into hash * @walkers: List of active walkers * @rcu: RCU structure for freeing the table * @future_tbl: Table under construction during rehashing * @ntbl: Nested table used when out of memory. * @buckets: size * hash buckets */ struct bucket_table { unsigned int size; unsigned int nest; u32 hash_rnd; struct list_head walkers; struct rcu_head rcu; struct bucket_table __rcu *future_tbl; struct lockdep_map dep_map; struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *buckets[] ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; }; /* * NULLS_MARKER() expects a hash value with the low * bits mostly likely to be significant, and it discards * the msb. * We give it an address, in which the bottom bit is * always 0, and the msb might be significant. * So we shift the address down one bit to align with * expectations and avoid losing a significant bit. * * We never store the NULLS_MARKER in the hash table * itself as we need the lsb for locking. * Instead we store a NULL */ #define RHT_NULLS_MARKER(ptr) \ ((void *)NULLS_MARKER(((unsigned long) (ptr)) >> 1)) #define INIT_RHT_NULLS_HEAD(ptr) \ ((ptr) = NULL) static inline bool rht_is_a_nulls(const struct rhash_head *ptr) { return ((unsigned long) ptr & 1); } static inline void *rht_obj(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct rhash_head *he) { return (char *)he - ht->p.head_offset; } static inline unsigned int rht_bucket_index(const struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return hash & (tbl->size - 1); } static inline unsigned int rht_key_get_hash(struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params, unsigned int hash_rnd) { unsigned int hash; /* params must be equal to ht->p if it isn't constant. */ if (!__builtin_constant_p(params.key_len)) hash = ht->p.hashfn(key, ht->key_len, hash_rnd); else if (params.key_len) { unsigned int key_len = params.key_len; if (params.hashfn) hash = params.hashfn(key, key_len, hash_rnd); else if (key_len & (sizeof(u32) - 1)) hash = jhash(key, key_len, hash_rnd); else hash = jhash2(key, key_len / sizeof(u32), hash_rnd); } else { unsigned int key_len = ht->p.key_len; if (params.hashfn) hash = params.hashfn(key, key_len, hash_rnd); else hash = jhash(key, key_len, hash_rnd); } return hash; } static inline unsigned int rht_key_hashfn( struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { unsigned int hash = rht_key_get_hash(ht, key, params, tbl->hash_rnd); return rht_bucket_index(tbl, hash); } static inline unsigned int rht_head_hashfn( struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl, const struct rhash_head *he, const struct rhashtable_params params) { const char *ptr = rht_obj(ht, he); return likely(params.obj_hashfn) ? rht_bucket_index(tbl, params.obj_hashfn(ptr, params.key_len ?: ht->p.key_len, tbl->hash_rnd)) : rht_key_hashfn(ht, tbl, ptr + params.key_offset, params); } /** * rht_grow_above_75 - returns true if nelems > 0.75 * table-size * @ht: hash table * @tbl: current table */ static inline bool rht_grow_above_75(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl) { /* Expand table when exceeding 75% load */ return atomic_read(&ht->nelems) > (tbl->size / 4 * 3) && (!ht->p.max_size || tbl->size < ht->p.max_size); } /** * rht_shrink_below_30 - returns true if nelems < 0.3 * table-size * @ht: hash table * @tbl: current table */ static inline bool rht_shrink_below_30(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl) { /* Shrink table beneath 30% load */ return atomic_read(&ht->nelems) < (tbl->size * 3 / 10) && tbl->size > ht->p.min_size; } /** * rht_grow_above_100 - returns true if nelems > table-size * @ht: hash table * @tbl: current table */ static inline bool rht_grow_above_100(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl) { return atomic_read(&ht->nelems) > tbl->size && (!ht->p.max_size || tbl->size < ht->p.max_size); } /** * rht_grow_above_max - returns true if table is above maximum * @ht: hash table * @tbl: current table */ static inline bool rht_grow_above_max(const struct rhashtable *ht, const struct bucket_table *tbl) { return atomic_read(&ht->nelems) >= ht->max_elems; } #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING int lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(struct rhashtable *ht); int lockdep_rht_bucket_is_held(const struct bucket_table *tbl, u32 hash); #else static inline int lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(struct rhashtable *ht) { return 1; } static inline int lockdep_rht_bucket_is_held(const struct bucket_table *tbl, u32 hash) { return 1; } #endif /* CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */ void *rhashtable_insert_slow(struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, struct rhash_head *obj); void rhashtable_walk_enter(struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhashtable_iter *iter); void rhashtable_walk_exit(struct rhashtable_iter *iter); int rhashtable_walk_start_check(struct rhashtable_iter *iter) __acquires(RCU); static inline void rhashtable_walk_start(struct rhashtable_iter *iter) { (void)rhashtable_walk_start_check(iter); } void *rhashtable_walk_next(struct rhashtable_iter *iter); void *rhashtable_walk_peek(struct rhashtable_iter *iter); void rhashtable_walk_stop(struct rhashtable_iter *iter) __releases(RCU); void rhashtable_free_and_destroy(struct rhashtable *ht, void (*free_fn)(void *ptr, void *arg), void *arg); void rhashtable_destroy(struct rhashtable *ht); struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **rht_bucket_nested( const struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash); struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **__rht_bucket_nested( const struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash); struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **rht_bucket_nested_insert( struct rhashtable *ht, struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash); #define rht_dereference(p, ht) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(ht)) #define rht_dereference_rcu(p, ht) \ rcu_dereference_check(p, lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(ht)) #define rht_dereference_bucket(p, tbl, hash) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_rht_bucket_is_held(tbl, hash)) #define rht_dereference_bucket_rcu(p, tbl, hash) \ rcu_dereference_check(p, lockdep_rht_bucket_is_held(tbl, hash)) #define rht_entry(tpos, pos, member) \ ({ tpos = container_of(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); 1; }) static inline struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *rht_bucket( const struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return unlikely(tbl->nest) ? rht_bucket_nested(tbl, hash) : &tbl->buckets[hash]; } static inline struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **rht_bucket_var( struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return unlikely(tbl->nest) ? __rht_bucket_nested(tbl, hash) : &tbl->buckets[hash]; } static inline struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **rht_bucket_insert( struct rhashtable *ht, struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return unlikely(tbl->nest) ? rht_bucket_nested_insert(ht, tbl, hash) : &tbl->buckets[hash]; } /* * We lock a bucket by setting BIT(0) in the pointer - this is always * zero in real pointers. The NULLS mark is never stored in the bucket, * rather we store NULL if the bucket is empty. * bit_spin_locks do not handle contention well, but the whole point * of the hashtable design is to achieve minimum per-bucket contention. * A nested hash table might not have a bucket pointer. In that case * we cannot get a lock. For remove and replace the bucket cannot be * interesting and doesn't need locking. * For insert we allocate the bucket if this is the last bucket_table, * and then take the lock. * Sometimes we unlock a bucket by writing a new pointer there. In that * case we don't need to unlock, but we do need to reset state such as * local_bh. For that we have rht_assign_unlock(). As rcu_assign_pointer() * provides the same release semantics that bit_spin_unlock() provides, * this is safe. * When we write to a bucket without unlocking, we use rht_assign_locked(). */ static inline void rht_lock(struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt) { local_bh_disable(); bit_spin_lock(0, (unsigned long *)bkt); lock_map_acquire(&tbl->dep_map); } static inline void rht_lock_nested(struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bucket, unsigned int subclass) { local_bh_disable(); bit_spin_lock(0, (unsigned long *)bucket); lock_acquire_exclusive(&tbl->dep_map, subclass, 0, NULL, _THIS_IP_); } static inline void rht_unlock(struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt) { lock_map_release(&tbl->dep_map); bit_spin_unlock(0, (unsigned long *)bkt); local_bh_enable(); } static inline struct rhash_head *__rht_ptr( struct rhash_lock_head *p, struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt) { return (struct rhash_head *) ((unsigned long)p & ~BIT(0) ?: (unsigned long)RHT_NULLS_MARKER(bkt)); } /* * Where 'bkt' is a bucket and might be locked: * rht_ptr_rcu() dereferences that pointer and clears the lock bit. * rht_ptr() dereferences in a context where the bucket is locked. * rht_ptr_exclusive() dereferences in a context where exclusive * access is guaranteed, such as when destroying the table. */ static inline struct rhash_head *rht_ptr_rcu( struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt) { return __rht_ptr(rcu_dereference(*bkt), bkt); } static inline struct rhash_head *rht_ptr( struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt, struct bucket_table *tbl, unsigned int hash) { return __rht_ptr(rht_dereference_bucket(*bkt, tbl, hash), bkt); } static inline struct rhash_head *rht_ptr_exclusive( struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt) { return __rht_ptr(rcu_dereference_protected(*bkt, 1), bkt); } static inline void rht_assign_locked(struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt, struct rhash_head *obj) { if (rht_is_a_nulls(obj)) obj = NULL; rcu_assign_pointer(*bkt, (void *)((unsigned long)obj | BIT(0))); } static inline void rht_assign_unlock(struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt, struct rhash_head *obj) { if (rht_is_a_nulls(obj)) obj = NULL; lock_map_release(&tbl->dep_map); rcu_assign_pointer(*bkt, (void *)obj); preempt_enable(); __release(bitlock); local_bh_enable(); } /** * rht_for_each_from - iterate over hash chain from given head * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the &struct rhash_head to start from * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index */ #define rht_for_each_from(pos, head, tbl, hash) \ for (pos = head; \ !rht_is_a_nulls(pos); \ pos = rht_dereference_bucket((pos)->next, tbl, hash)) /** * rht_for_each - iterate over hash chain * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index */ #define rht_for_each(pos, tbl, hash) \ rht_for_each_from(pos, rht_ptr(rht_bucket(tbl, hash), tbl, hash), \ tbl, hash) /** * rht_for_each_entry_from - iterate over hash chain from given head * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the &struct rhash_head to start from * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. */ #define rht_for_each_entry_from(tpos, pos, head, tbl, hash, member) \ for (pos = head; \ (!rht_is_a_nulls(pos)) && rht_entry(tpos, pos, member); \ pos = rht_dereference_bucket((pos)->next, tbl, hash)) /** * rht_for_each_entry - iterate over hash chain of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. */ #define rht_for_each_entry(tpos, pos, tbl, hash, member) \ rht_for_each_entry_from(tpos, pos, \ rht_ptr(rht_bucket(tbl, hash), tbl, hash), \ tbl, hash, member) /** * rht_for_each_entry_safe - safely iterate over hash chain of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @next: the &struct rhash_head to use as next in loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive allows for the looped code to * remove the loop cursor from the list. */ #define rht_for_each_entry_safe(tpos, pos, next, tbl, hash, member) \ for (pos = rht_ptr(rht_bucket(tbl, hash), tbl, hash), \ next = !rht_is_a_nulls(pos) ? \ rht_dereference_bucket(pos->next, tbl, hash) : NULL; \ (!rht_is_a_nulls(pos)) && rht_entry(tpos, pos, member); \ pos = next, \ next = !rht_is_a_nulls(pos) ? \ rht_dereference_bucket(pos->next, tbl, hash) : NULL) /** * rht_for_each_rcu_from - iterate over rcu hash chain from given head * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the &struct rhash_head to start from * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu mutation primitives such as rhashtable_insert() as long as the * traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define rht_for_each_rcu_from(pos, head, tbl, hash) \ for (({barrier(); }), \ pos = head; \ !rht_is_a_nulls(pos); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) /** * rht_for_each_rcu - iterate over rcu hash chain * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu mutation primitives such as rhashtable_insert() as long as the * traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define rht_for_each_rcu(pos, tbl, hash) \ for (({barrier(); }), \ pos = rht_ptr_rcu(rht_bucket(tbl, hash)); \ !rht_is_a_nulls(pos); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) /** * rht_for_each_entry_rcu_from - iterated over rcu hash chain from given head * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the &struct rhash_head to start from * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu mutation primitives such as rhashtable_insert() as long as the * traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define rht_for_each_entry_rcu_from(tpos, pos, head, tbl, hash, member) \ for (({barrier(); }), \ pos = head; \ (!rht_is_a_nulls(pos)) && rht_entry(tpos, pos, member); \ pos = rht_dereference_bucket_rcu(pos->next, tbl, hash)) /** * rht_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu hash chain of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor. * @tbl: the &struct bucket_table * @hash: the hash value / bucket index * @member: name of the &struct rhash_head within the hashable struct. * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu mutation primitives such as rhashtable_insert() as long as the * traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define rht_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, tbl, hash, member) \ rht_for_each_entry_rcu_from(tpos, pos, \ rht_ptr_rcu(rht_bucket(tbl, hash)), \ tbl, hash, member) /** * rhl_for_each_rcu - iterate over rcu hash table list * @pos: the &struct rlist_head to use as a loop cursor. * @list: the head of the list * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive should be used on the * list returned by rhltable_lookup. */ #define rhl_for_each_rcu(pos, list) \ for (pos = list; pos; pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) /** * rhl_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu hash table list of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct rlist_head to use as a loop cursor. * @list: the head of the list * @member: name of the &struct rlist_head within the hashable struct. * * This hash chain list-traversal primitive should be used on the * list returned by rhltable_lookup. */ #define rhl_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, list, member) \ for (pos = list; pos && rht_entry(tpos, pos, member); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) static inline int rhashtable_compare(struct rhashtable_compare_arg *arg, const void *obj) { struct rhashtable *ht = arg->ht; const char *ptr = obj; return memcmp(ptr + ht->p.key_offset, arg->key, ht->p.key_len); } /* Internal function, do not use. */ static inline struct rhash_head *__rhashtable_lookup( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct rhashtable_compare_arg arg = { .ht = ht, .key = key, }; struct rhash_lock_head __rcu *const *bkt; struct bucket_table *tbl; struct rhash_head *he; unsigned int hash; tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht); restart: hash = rht_key_hashfn(ht, tbl, key, params); bkt = rht_bucket(tbl, hash); do { rht_for_each_rcu_from(he, rht_ptr_rcu(bkt), tbl, hash) { if (params.obj_cmpfn ? params.obj_cmpfn(&arg, rht_obj(ht, he)) : rhashtable_compare(&arg, rht_obj(ht, he))) continue; return he; } /* An object might have been moved to a different hash chain, * while we walk along it - better check and retry. */ } while (he != RHT_NULLS_MARKER(bkt)); /* Ensure we see any new tables. */ smp_rmb(); tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(tbl->future_tbl, ht); if (unlikely(tbl)) goto restart; return NULL; } /** * rhashtable_lookup - search hash table * @ht: hash table * @key: the pointer to the key * @params: hash table parameters * * Computes the hash value for the key and traverses the bucket chain looking * for a entry with an identical key. The first matching entry is returned. * * This must only be called under the RCU read lock. * * Returns the first entry on which the compare function returned true. */ static inline void *rhashtable_lookup( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct rhash_head *he = __rhashtable_lookup(ht, key, params); return he ? rht_obj(ht, he) : NULL; } /** * rhashtable_lookup_fast - search hash table, without RCU read lock * @ht: hash table * @key: the pointer to the key * @params: hash table parameters * * Computes the hash value for the key and traverses the bucket chain looking * for a entry with an identical key. The first matching entry is returned. * * Only use this function when you have other mechanisms guaranteeing * that the object won't go away after the RCU read lock is released. * * Returns the first entry on which the compare function returned true. */ static inline void *rhashtable_lookup_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { void *obj; rcu_read_lock(); obj = rhashtable_lookup(ht, key, params); rcu_read_unlock(); return obj; } /** * rhltable_lookup - search hash list table * @hlt: hash table * @key: the pointer to the key * @params: hash table parameters * * Computes the hash value for the key and traverses the bucket chain looking * for a entry with an identical key. All matching entries are returned * in a list. * * This must only be called under the RCU read lock. * * Returns the list of entries that match the given key. */ static inline struct rhlist_head *rhltable_lookup( struct rhltable *hlt, const void *key, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct rhash_head *he = __rhashtable_lookup(&hlt->ht, key, params); return he ? container_of(he, struct rhlist_head, rhead) : NULL; } /* Internal function, please use rhashtable_insert_fast() instead. This * function returns the existing element already in hashes in there is a clash, * otherwise it returns an error via ERR_PTR(). */ static inline void *__rhashtable_insert_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params, bool rhlist) { struct rhashtable_compare_arg arg = { .ht = ht, .key = key, }; struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt; struct rhash_head __rcu **pprev; struct bucket_table *tbl; struct rhash_head *head; unsigned int hash; int elasticity; void *data; rcu_read_lock(); tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht); hash = rht_head_hashfn(ht, tbl, obj, params); elasticity = RHT_ELASTICITY; bkt = rht_bucket_insert(ht, tbl, hash); data = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (!bkt) goto out; pprev = NULL; rht_lock(tbl, bkt); if (unlikely(rcu_access_pointer(tbl->future_tbl))) { slow_path: rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); rcu_read_unlock(); return rhashtable_insert_slow(ht, key, obj); } rht_for_each_from(head, rht_ptr(bkt, tbl, hash), tbl, hash) { struct rhlist_head *plist; struct rhlist_head *list; elasticity--; if (!key || (params.obj_cmpfn ? params.obj_cmpfn(&arg, rht_obj(ht, head)) : rhashtable_compare(&arg, rht_obj(ht, head)))) { pprev = &head->next; continue; } data = rht_obj(ht, head); if (!rhlist) goto out_unlock; list = container_of(obj, struct rhlist_head, rhead); plist = container_of(head, struct rhlist_head, rhead); RCU_INIT_POINTER(list->next, plist); head = rht_dereference_bucket(head->next, tbl, hash); RCU_INIT_POINTER(list->rhead.next, head); if (pprev) { rcu_assign_pointer(*pprev, obj); rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); } else rht_assign_unlock(tbl, bkt, obj); data = NULL; goto out; } if (elasticity <= 0) goto slow_path; data = ERR_PTR(-E2BIG); if (unlikely(rht_grow_above_max(ht, tbl))) goto out_unlock; if (unlikely(rht_grow_above_100(ht, tbl))) goto slow_path; /* Inserting at head of list makes unlocking free. */ head = rht_ptr(bkt, tbl, hash); RCU_INIT_POINTER(obj->next, head); if (rhlist) { struct rhlist_head *list; list = container_of(obj, struct rhlist_head, rhead); RCU_INIT_POINTER(list->next, NULL); } atomic_inc(&ht->nelems); rht_assign_unlock(tbl, bkt, obj); if (rht_grow_above_75(ht, tbl)) schedule_work(&ht->run_work); data = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return data; out_unlock: rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); goto out; } /** * rhashtable_insert_fast - insert object into hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Will take the per bucket bitlock to protect against mutual mutations * on the same bucket. Multiple insertions may occur in parallel unless * they map to the same bucket. * * It is safe to call this function from atomic context. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. */ static inline int rhashtable_insert_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { void *ret; ret = __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, NULL, obj, params, false); if (IS_ERR(ret)) return PTR_ERR(ret); return ret == NULL ? 0 : -EEXIST; } /** * rhltable_insert_key - insert object into hash list table * @hlt: hash list table * @key: the pointer to the key * @list: pointer to hash list head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Will take the per bucket bitlock to protect against mutual mutations * on the same bucket. Multiple insertions may occur in parallel unless * they map to the same bucket. * * It is safe to call this function from atomic context. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. */ static inline int rhltable_insert_key( struct rhltable *hlt, const void *key, struct rhlist_head *list, const struct rhashtable_params params) { return PTR_ERR(__rhashtable_insert_fast(&hlt->ht, key, &list->rhead, params, true)); } /** * rhltable_insert - insert object into hash list table * @hlt: hash list table * @list: pointer to hash list head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Will take the per bucket bitlock to protect against mutual mutations * on the same bucket. Multiple insertions may occur in parallel unless * they map to the same bucket. * * It is safe to call this function from atomic context. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. */ static inline int rhltable_insert( struct rhltable *hlt, struct rhlist_head *list, const struct rhashtable_params params) { const char *key = rht_obj(&hlt->ht, &list->rhead); key += params.key_offset; return rhltable_insert_key(hlt, key, list, params); } /** * rhashtable_lookup_insert_fast - lookup and insert object into hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * This lookup function may only be used for fixed key hash table (key_len * parameter set). It will BUG() if used inappropriately. * * It is safe to call this function from atomic context. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. */ static inline int rhashtable_lookup_insert_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { const char *key = rht_obj(ht, obj); void *ret; BUG_ON(ht->p.obj_hashfn); ret = __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, key + ht->p.key_offset, obj, params, false); if (IS_ERR(ret)) return PTR_ERR(ret); return ret == NULL ? 0 : -EEXIST; } /** * rhashtable_lookup_get_insert_fast - lookup and insert object into hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Just like rhashtable_lookup_insert_fast(), but this function returns the * object if it exists, NULL if it did not and the insertion was successful, * and an ERR_PTR otherwise. */ static inline void *rhashtable_lookup_get_insert_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { const char *key = rht_obj(ht, obj); BUG_ON(ht->p.obj_hashfn); return __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, key + ht->p.key_offset, obj, params, false); } /** * rhashtable_lookup_insert_key - search and insert object to hash table * with explicit key * @ht: hash table * @key: key * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Lookups may occur in parallel with hashtable mutations and resizing. * * Will trigger an automatic deferred table resizing if residency in the * table grows beyond 70%. * * Returns zero on success. */ static inline int rhashtable_lookup_insert_key( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { void *ret; BUG_ON(!ht->p.obj_hashfn || !key); ret = __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, key, obj, params, false); if (IS_ERR(ret)) return PTR_ERR(ret); return ret == NULL ? 0 : -EEXIST; } /** * rhashtable_lookup_get_insert_key - lookup and insert object into hash table * @ht: hash table * @key: key * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Just like rhashtable_lookup_insert_key(), but this function returns the * object if it exists, NULL if it does not and the insertion was successful, * and an ERR_PTR otherwise. */ static inline void *rhashtable_lookup_get_insert_key( struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { BUG_ON(!ht->p.obj_hashfn || !key); return __rhashtable_insert_fast(ht, key, obj, params, false); } /* Internal function, please use rhashtable_remove_fast() instead */ static inline int __rhashtable_remove_fast_one( struct rhashtable *ht, struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params, bool rhlist) { struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt; struct rhash_head __rcu **pprev; struct rhash_head *he; unsigned int hash; int err = -ENOENT; hash = rht_head_hashfn(ht, tbl, obj, params); bkt = rht_bucket_var(tbl, hash); if (!bkt) return -ENOENT; pprev = NULL; rht_lock(tbl, bkt); rht_for_each_from(he, rht_ptr(bkt, tbl, hash), tbl, hash) { struct rhlist_head *list; list = container_of(he, struct rhlist_head, rhead); if (he != obj) { struct rhlist_head __rcu **lpprev; pprev = &he->next; if (!rhlist) continue; do { lpprev = &list->next; list = rht_dereference_bucket(list->next, tbl, hash); } while (list && obj != &list->rhead); if (!list) continue; list = rht_dereference_bucket(list->next, tbl, hash); RCU_INIT_POINTER(*lpprev, list); err = 0; break; } obj = rht_dereference_bucket(obj->next, tbl, hash); err = 1; if (rhlist) { list = rht_dereference_bucket(list->next, tbl, hash); if (list) { RCU_INIT_POINTER(list->rhead.next, obj); obj = &list->rhead; err = 0; } } if (pprev) { rcu_assign_pointer(*pprev, obj); rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); } else { rht_assign_unlock(tbl, bkt, obj); } goto unlocked; } rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); unlocked: if (err > 0) { atomic_dec(&ht->nelems); if (unlikely(ht->p.automatic_shrinking && rht_shrink_below_30(ht, tbl))) schedule_work(&ht->run_work); err = 0; } return err; } /* Internal function, please use rhashtable_remove_fast() instead */ static inline int __rhashtable_remove_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params, bool rhlist) { struct bucket_table *tbl; int err; rcu_read_lock(); tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht); /* Because we have already taken (and released) the bucket * lock in old_tbl, if we find that future_tbl is not yet * visible then that guarantees the entry to still be in * the old tbl if it exists. */ while ((err = __rhashtable_remove_fast_one(ht, tbl, obj, params, rhlist)) && (tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(tbl->future_tbl, ht))) ; rcu_read_unlock(); return err; } /** * rhashtable_remove_fast - remove object from hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj: pointer to hash head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Since the hash chain is single linked, the removal operation needs to * walk the bucket chain upon removal. The removal operation is thus * considerable slow if the hash table is not correctly sized. * * Will automatically shrink the table if permitted when residency drops * below 30%. * * Returns zero on success, -ENOENT if the entry could not be found. */ static inline int rhashtable_remove_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj, const struct rhashtable_params params) { return __rhashtable_remove_fast(ht, obj, params, false); } /** * rhltable_remove - remove object from hash list table * @hlt: hash list table * @list: pointer to hash list head inside object * @params: hash table parameters * * Since the hash chain is single linked, the removal operation needs to * walk the bucket chain upon removal. The removal operation is thus * considerable slow if the hash table is not correctly sized. * * Will automatically shrink the table if permitted when residency drops * below 30% * * Returns zero on success, -ENOENT if the entry could not be found. */ static inline int rhltable_remove( struct rhltable *hlt, struct rhlist_head *list, const struct rhashtable_params params) { return __rhashtable_remove_fast(&hlt->ht, &list->rhead, params, true); } /* Internal function, please use rhashtable_replace_fast() instead */ static inline int __rhashtable_replace_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct bucket_table *tbl, struct rhash_head *obj_old, struct rhash_head *obj_new, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct rhash_lock_head __rcu **bkt; struct rhash_head __rcu **pprev; struct rhash_head *he; unsigned int hash; int err = -ENOENT; /* Minimally, the old and new objects must have same hash * (which should mean identifiers are the same). */ hash = rht_head_hashfn(ht, tbl, obj_old, params); if (hash != rht_head_hashfn(ht, tbl, obj_new, params)) return -EINVAL; bkt = rht_bucket_var(tbl, hash); if (!bkt) return -ENOENT; pprev = NULL; rht_lock(tbl, bkt); rht_for_each_from(he, rht_ptr(bkt, tbl, hash), tbl, hash) { if (he != obj_old) { pprev = &he->next; continue; } rcu_assign_pointer(obj_new->next, obj_old->next); if (pprev) { rcu_assign_pointer(*pprev, obj_new); rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); } else { rht_assign_unlock(tbl, bkt, obj_new); } err = 0; goto unlocked; } rht_unlock(tbl, bkt); unlocked: return err; } /** * rhashtable_replace_fast - replace an object in hash table * @ht: hash table * @obj_old: pointer to hash head inside object being replaced * @obj_new: pointer to hash head inside object which is new * @params: hash table parameters * * Replacing an object doesn't affect the number of elements in the hash table * or bucket, so we don't need to worry about shrinking or expanding the * table here. * * Returns zero on success, -ENOENT if the entry could not be found, * -EINVAL if hash is not the same for the old and new objects. */ static inline int rhashtable_replace_fast( struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj_old, struct rhash_head *obj_new, const struct rhashtable_params params) { struct bucket_table *tbl; int err; rcu_read_lock(); tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(ht->tbl, ht); /* Because we have already taken (and released) the bucket * lock in old_tbl, if we find that future_tbl is not yet * visible then that guarantees the entry to still be in * the old tbl if it exists. */ while ((err = __rhashtable_replace_fast(ht, tbl, obj_old, obj_new, params)) && (tbl = rht_dereference_rcu(tbl->future_tbl, ht))) ; rcu_read_unlock(); return err; } /** * rhltable_walk_enter - Initialise an iterator * @hlt: Table to walk over * @iter: Hash table Iterator * * This function prepares a hash table walk. * * Note that if you restart a walk after rhashtable_walk_stop you * may see the same object twice. Also, you may miss objects if * there are removals in between rhashtable_walk_stop and the next * call to rhashtable_walk_start. * * For a completely stable walk you should construct your own data * structure outside the hash table. * * This function may be called from any process context, including * non-preemptable context, but cannot be called from softirq or * hardirq context. * * You must call rhashtable_walk_exit after this function returns. */ static inline void rhltable_walk_enter(struct rhltable *hlt, struct rhashtable_iter *iter) { return rhashtable_walk_enter(&hlt->ht, iter); } /** * rhltable_free_and_destroy - free elements and destroy hash list table * @hlt: the hash list table to destroy * @free_fn: callback to release resources of element * @arg: pointer passed to free_fn * * See documentation for rhashtable_free_and_destroy. */ static inline void rhltable_free_and_destroy(struct rhltable *hlt, void (*free_fn)(void *ptr, void *arg), void *arg) { return rhashtable_free_and_destroy(&hlt->ht, free_fn, arg); } static inline void rhltable_destroy(struct rhltable *hlt) { return rhltable_free_and_destroy(hlt, NULL, NULL); } #endif /* _LINUX_RHASHTABLE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * This file provides wrappers with sanitizer instrumentation for atomic bit * operations. * * To use this functionality, an arch's bitops.h file needs to define each of * the below bit operations with an arch_ prefix (e.g. arch_set_bit(), * arch___set_bit(), etc.). */ #ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_ATOMIC_H #define _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_ATOMIC_H #include <linux/instrumented.h> /** * set_bit - Atomically set a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to set * @addr: the address to start counting from * * This is a relaxed atomic operation (no implied memory barriers). * * Note that @nr may be almost arbitrarily large; this function is not * restricted to acting on a single-word quantity. */ static inline void set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_atomic_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch_set_bit(nr, addr); } /** * clear_bit - Clears a bit in memory * @nr: Bit to clear * @addr: Address to start counting from * * This is a relaxed atomic operation (no implied memory barriers). */ static inline void clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_atomic_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch_clear_bit(nr, addr); } /** * change_bit - Toggle a bit in memory * @nr: Bit to change * @addr: Address to start counting from * * This is a relaxed atomic operation (no implied memory barriers). * * Note that @nr may be almost arbitrarily large; this function is not * restricted to acting on a single-word quantity. */ static inline void change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_atomic_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch_change_bit(nr, addr); } /** * test_and_set_bit - Set a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to set * @addr: Address to count from * * This is an atomic fully-ordered operation (implied full memory barrier). */ static inline bool test_and_set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_atomic_read_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); return arch_test_and_set_bit(nr, addr); } /** * test_and_clear_bit - Clear a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to clear * @addr: Address to count from * * This is an atomic fully-ordered operation (implied full memory barrier). */ static inline bool test_and_clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_atomic_read_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); return arch_test_and_clear_bit(nr, addr); } /** * test_and_change_bit - Change a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to change * @addr: Address to count from * * This is an atomic fully-ordered operation (implied full memory barrier). */ static inline bool test_and_change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_atomic_read_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); return arch_test_and_change_bit(nr, addr); } #endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* delayacct.h - per-task delay accounting * * Copyright (C) Shailabh Nagar, IBM Corp. 2006 */ #ifndef _LINUX_DELAYACCT_H #define _LINUX_DELAYACCT_H #include <uapi/linux/taskstats.h> /* * Per-task flags relevant to delay accounting * maintained privately to avoid exhausting similar flags in sched.h:PF_* * Used to set current->delays->flags */ #define DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN 0x00000001 /* I am doing a swapin */ #define DELAYACCT_PF_BLKIO 0x00000002 /* I am waiting on IO */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT struct task_delay_info { raw_spinlock_t lock; unsigned int flags; /* Private per-task flags */ /* For each stat XXX, add following, aligned appropriately * * struct timespec XXX_start, XXX_end; * u64 XXX_delay; * u32 XXX_count; * * Atomicity of updates to XXX_delay, XXX_count protected by * single lock above (split into XXX_lock if contention is an issue). */ /* * XXX_count is incremented on every XXX operation, the delay * associated with the operation is added to XXX_delay. * XXX_delay contains the accumulated delay time in nanoseconds. */ u64 blkio_start; /* Shared by blkio, swapin */ u64 blkio_delay; /* wait for sync block io completion */ u64 swapin_delay; /* wait for swapin block io completion */ u32 blkio_count; /* total count of the number of sync block */ /* io operations performed */ u32 swapin_count; /* total count of the number of swapin block */ /* io operations performed */ u64 freepages_start; u64 freepages_delay; /* wait for memory reclaim */ u64 thrashing_start; u64 thrashing_delay; /* wait for thrashing page */ u32 freepages_count; /* total count of memory reclaim */ u32 thrashing_count; /* total count of thrash waits */ }; #endif #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT extern int delayacct_on; /* Delay accounting turned on/off */ extern struct kmem_cache *delayacct_cache; extern void delayacct_init(void); extern void __delayacct_tsk_init(struct task_struct *); extern void __delayacct_tsk_exit(struct task_struct *); extern void __delayacct_blkio_start(void); extern void __delayacct_blkio_end(struct task_struct *); extern int __delayacct_add_tsk(struct taskstats *, struct task_struct *); extern __u64 __delayacct_blkio_ticks(struct task_struct *); extern void __delayacct_freepages_start(void); extern void __delayacct_freepages_end(void); extern void __delayacct_thrashing_start(void); extern void __delayacct_thrashing_end(void); static inline int delayacct_is_task_waiting_on_io(struct task_struct *p) { if (p->delays) return (p->delays->flags & DELAYACCT_PF_BLKIO); else return 0; } static inline void delayacct_set_flag(int flag) { if (current->delays) current->delays->flags |= flag; } static inline void delayacct_clear_flag(int flag) { if (current->delays) current->delays->flags &= ~flag; } static inline void delayacct_tsk_init(struct task_struct *tsk) { /* reinitialize in case parent's non-null pointer was dup'ed*/ tsk->delays = NULL; if (delayacct_on) __delayacct_tsk_init(tsk); } /* Free tsk->delays. Called from bad fork and __put_task_struct * where there's no risk of tsk->delays being accessed elsewhere */ static inline void delayacct_tsk_free(struct task_struct *tsk) { if (tsk->delays) kmem_cache_free(delayacct_cache, tsk->delays); tsk->delays = NULL; } static inline void delayacct_blkio_start(void) { delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_BLKIO); if (current->delays) __delayacct_blkio_start(); } static inline void delayacct_blkio_end(struct task_struct *p) { if (p->delays) __delayacct_blkio_end(p); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_BLKIO); } static inline int delayacct_add_tsk(struct taskstats *d, struct task_struct *tsk) { if (!delayacct_on || !tsk->delays) return 0; return __delayacct_add_tsk(d, tsk); } static inline __u64 delayacct_blkio_ticks(struct task_struct *tsk) { if (tsk->delays) return __delayacct_blkio_ticks(tsk); return 0; } static inline void delayacct_freepages_start(void) { if (current->delays) __delayacct_freepages_start(); } static inline void delayacct_freepages_end(void) { if (current->delays) __delayacct_freepages_end(); } static inline void delayacct_thrashing_start(void) { if (current->delays) __delayacct_thrashing_start(); } static inline void delayacct_thrashing_end(void) { if (current->delays) __delayacct_thrashing_end(); } #else static inline void delayacct_set_flag(int flag) {} static inline void delayacct_clear_flag(int flag) {} static inline void delayacct_init(void) {} static inline void delayacct_tsk_init(struct task_struct *tsk) {} static inline void delayacct_tsk_free(struct task_struct *tsk) {} static inline void delayacct_blkio_start(void) {} static inline void delayacct_blkio_end(struct task_struct *p) {} static inline int delayacct_add_tsk(struct taskstats *d, struct task_struct *tsk) { return 0; } static inline __u64 delayacct_blkio_ticks(struct task_struct *tsk) { return 0; } static inline int delayacct_is_task_waiting_on_io(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline void delayacct_freepages_start(void) {} static inline void delayacct_freepages_end(void) {} static inline void delayacct_thrashing_start(void) {} static inline void delayacct_thrashing_end(void) {} #endif /* CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT */ #endif
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5211 5212 5213 5214 5215 5216 5217 5218 5219 5220 5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } /* If details->check_mapping, we leave swap entries. */ if (unlikely(details)) continue; if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, range.end, details); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, range.end); } /** * zap_vma_ptes - remove ptes mapping the vma * @vma: vm_area_struct holding ptes to be zapped * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * This function only unmaps ptes assigned to VM_PFNMAP vmas. * * The entire address range must be fully contained within the vma. * */ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { if (address < vma->vm_start || address + size > vma->vm_end || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) return; zap_page_range_single(vma, address, size, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zap_vma_ptes); static pmd_t *walk_to_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return NULL; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); return pmd; } pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pmd_t *pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl); } static int validate_page_before_insert(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page) || PageSlab(page) || page_has_type(page)) return -EINVAL; flush_dcache_page(page); return 0; } static int insert_page_into_pte_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { if (!pte_none(*pte)) return -EBUSY; /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ get_page(page); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); return 0; } /* * This is the old fallback for page remapping. * * For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only * old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their * pages reserved for the old functions anyway. */ static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; int retval; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; retval = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (retval) goto out; retval = -ENOMEM; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) goto out; retval = insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); out: return retval; } #ifdef pte_index static int insert_page_in_batch_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { int err; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; err = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (err) return err; return insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); } /* insert_pages() amortizes the cost of spinlock operations * when inserting pages in a loop. Arch *must* define pte_index. */ static int insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pte_t *start_pte, *pte; spinlock_t *pte_lock; struct mm_struct *const mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long curr_page_idx = 0; unsigned long remaining_pages_total = *num; unsigned long pages_to_write_in_pmd; int ret; more: ret = -EFAULT; pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) goto out; pages_to_write_in_pmd = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_pages_total, PTRS_PER_PTE - pte_index(addr)); /* Allocate the PTE if necessary; takes PMD lock once only. */ ret = -ENOMEM; if (pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) goto out; while (pages_to_write_in_pmd) { int pte_idx = 0; const int batch_size = min_t(int, pages_to_write_in_pmd, 8); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &pte_lock); for (pte = start_pte; pte_idx < batch_size; ++pte, ++pte_idx) { int err = insert_page_in_batch_locked(mm, pte, addr, pages[curr_page_idx], prot); if (unlikely(err)) { pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); ret = err; remaining_pages_total -= pte_idx; goto out; } addr += PAGE_SIZE; ++curr_page_idx; } pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); pages_to_write_in_pmd -= batch_size; remaining_pages_total -= batch_size; } if (remaining_pages_total) goto more; ret = 0; out: *num = remaining_pages_total; return ret; } #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ /** * vm_insert_pages - insert multiple pages into user vma, batching the pmd lock. * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target start user address of these pages * @pages: source kernel pages * @num: in: number of pages to map. out: number of pages that were *not* * mapped. (0 means all pages were successfully mapped). * * Preferred over vm_insert_page() when inserting multiple pages. * * In case of error, we may have mapped a subset of the provided * pages. It is the caller's responsibility to account for this case. * * The same restrictions apply as in vm_insert_page(). */ int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num) { #ifdef pte_index const unsigned long end_addr = addr + (*num * PAGE_SIZE) - 1; if (addr < vma->vm_start || end_addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } /* Defer page refcount checking till we're about to map that page. */ return insert_pages(vma, addr, pages, num, vma->vm_page_prot); #else unsigned long idx = 0, pgcount = *num; int err = -EINVAL; for (; idx < pgcount; ++idx) { err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr + (PAGE_SIZE * idx), pages[idx]); if (err) break; } *num = pgcount - idx; return err; #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pages); /** * vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @page: source kernel page * * This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated * into a user vma. * * The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation. * If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as * such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself * (see split_page()). * * NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which * took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow * that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which * means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better * ask for a shared writable mapping! * * The page does not need to be reserved. * * Usually this function is called from f_op->mmap() handler * under mm->mmap_lock write-lock, so it can change vma->vm_flags. * Caller must set VM_MIXEDMAP on vma if it wants to call this * function from other places, for example from page-fault handler. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page); /* * __vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * @offset: user's requested vm_pgoff * * This allows drivers to map range of kernel pages into a user vma. * * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ static int __vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num, unsigned long offset) { unsigned long count = vma_pages(vma); unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start; int ret, i; /* Fail if the user requested offset is beyond the end of the object */ if (offset >= num) return -ENXIO; /* Fail if the user requested size exceeds available object size */ if (count > num - offset) return -ENXIO; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, pages[offset + i]); if (ret < 0) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } return 0; } /** * vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages starts with non zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Maps an object consisting of @num pages, catering for the user's * requested vm_pgoff * * If we fail to insert any page into the vma, the function will return * immediately leaving any previously inserted pages present. Callers * from the mmap handler may immediately return the error as their caller * will destroy the vma, removing any successfully inserted pages. Other * callers should make their own arrangements for calling unmap_region(). * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, vma->vm_pgoff); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages); /** * vm_map_pages_zero - map range of kernel pages starts with zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Similar to vm_map_pages(), except that it explicitly sets the offset * to 0. This function is intended for the drivers that did not consider * vm_pgoff. * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages_zero); static vm_fault_t insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pte_t *pte, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (!pte_none(*pte)) { if (mkwrite) { /* * For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed * in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the * mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite * case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared * mapping and we expect the PFNs to match. If they * don't match, we are likely racing with block * allocation and mapping invalidation so just skip the * update. */ if (pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte))); goto out_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(*pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); } goto out_unlock; } /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); else entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); if (mkwrite) { entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */ out_unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_pfn_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_pfn(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * This only makes sense for IO mappings, and it makes no sense for * COW mappings. In general, using multiple vmas is preferable; * vmf_insert_pfn_prot should only be used if using multiple VMAs is * impractical. * * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for a discussion of the implication of using * a value of @pgprot different from that of @vma->vm_page_prot. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { /* * Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these * restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like * consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should * try to keep these invariants in place for everybody. */ BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) == (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV)); return insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn_prot); /** * vmf_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * * Similar to vm_insert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages * they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply. * * This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and * in that case the handler should return the result of this function. * * vma cannot be a COW mapping. * * As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we * do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn) { return vmf_insert_pfn_prot(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn); static bool vm_mixed_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pfn_t pfn) { /* these checks mirror the abort conditions in vm_normal_page */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) return true; if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) return true; if (pfn_t_special(pfn)) return true; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn))) return true; return false; } static vm_fault_t __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool mkwrite) { int err; BUG_ON(!vm_mixed_ok(vma, pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid() * based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must* * refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather * than insert_pfn). If a zero_pfn were inserted into a VM_MIXEDMAP * without pte special, it would there be refcounted as a normal page. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL) && !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn)) { struct page *page; /* * At this point we are committed to insert_page() * regardless of whether the caller specified flags that * result in pfn_t_has_page() == false. */ page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)); err = insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot); } else { return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite); } if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_mixed_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_mixed(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * Typically this function should be used by drivers to set caching- and * encryption bits different than those of @vma->vm_page_prot, because * the caching- or encryption mode may not be known at mmap() time. * This is ok as long as @vma->vm_page_prot is not used by the core vm * to set caching and encryption bits for those vmas (except for COW pages). * This is ensured by core vm only modifying these page table entries using * functions that don't touch caching- or encryption bits, using pte_modify() * if needed. (See for example mprotect()). * Also when new page-table entries are created, this is only done using the * fault() callback, and never using the value of vma->vm_page_prot, * except for page-table entries that point to anonymous pages as the result * of COW. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_prot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed); /* * If the insertion of PTE failed because someone else already added a * different entry in the mean time, we treat that as success as we assume * the same entry was actually inserted. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite); /* * maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old * mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results * in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access") */ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int err = 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte)); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) { err = -EACCES; break; } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot))); pfn++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); return err; } static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target page aligned user address to start at * @pfn: page frame number of kernel physical memory address * @size: size of mapping area * @prot: page protection flags for this mapping * * Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size); struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long remap_pfn = pfn; int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr))) return -EINVAL; /* * Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the * rest of the world about it: * VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages * (accesses can have side effects). * VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just * raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated * with them. * VM_DONTEXPAND * Disable vma merging and expanding with mremap(). * VM_DONTDUMP * Omit vma from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off. * * There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write * behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original" * un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff". * See vm_normal_page() for details. */ if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) { if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_pgoff = pfn; } err = track_pfn_remap(vma, &prot, remap_pfn, addr, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); if (err) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (err) untrack_pfn(vma, remap_pfn, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range); /** * vm_iomap_memory - remap memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @start: start of the physical memory to be mapped * @len: size of area * * This is a simplified io_remap_pfn_range() for common driver use. The * driver just needs to give us the physical memory range to be mapped, * we'll figure out the rest from the vma information. * * NOTE! Some drivers might want to tweak vma->vm_page_prot first to get * whatever write-combining details or similar. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len) { unsigned long vm_len, pfn, pages; /* Check that the physical memory area passed in looks valid */ if (start + len < start) return -EINVAL; /* * You *really* shouldn't map things that aren't page-aligned, * but we've historically allowed it because IO memory might * just have smaller alignment. */ len += start & ~PAGE_MASK; pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT; pages = (len + ~PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn + pages < pfn) return -EINVAL; /* We start the mapping 'vm_pgoff' pages into the area */ if (vma->vm_pgoff > pages) return -EINVAL; pfn += vma->vm_pgoff; pages -= vma->vm_pgoff; /* Can we fit all of the mapping? */ vm_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vm_len >> PAGE_SHIFT > pages) return -EINVAL; /* Ok, let it rip */ return io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, pfn, vm_len, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_iomap_memory); static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; int err = 0; spinlock_t *ptl; if (create) { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask) : pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; } else { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr) : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); } BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd)); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (fn) { do { if (create || !pte_none(*pte)) { err = fn(pte++, addr, data); if (err) break; } } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); } *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (mm != &init_mm) pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl); return err; } static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err = 0; BUG_ON(pud_huge(*pud)); if (create) { pmd = pmd_alloc_track(mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; } else { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); } do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) { err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { pud = pud_alloc_track(mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; } else { pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); } do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) { err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { p4d = p4d_alloc_track(mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; } else { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); } do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) { err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int __apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long start = addr, next; unsigned long end = addr + size; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; int err = 0; if (WARN_ON(addr >= end)) return -EINVAL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (!create && pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; err = apply_to_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data, create, &mask); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, start + size); return err; } /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary * and calling a provided function on each leaf page table. */ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range); /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, calling a provided function on * each leaf page table where it exists. * * Unlike apply_to_page_range, this does _not_ fill in page tables * where they are absent. */ int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_existing_page_range); /* * handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was * read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures * or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which might give a mix of unmatched * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check; * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on). */ static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte) { int same = 1; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); } #endif pte_unmap(page_table); return same; } static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, struct vm_fault *vmf) { bool ret; void *kaddr; void __user *uaddr; bool locked = false; struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long addr = vmf->address; if (likely(src)) { copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma); return true; } /* * If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have * a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by * just copying from the original user address. If that * fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it. */ kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst); uaddr = (void __user *)(addr & PAGE_MASK); /* * On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would * take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here. */ if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_t entry; vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* * Other thread has already handled the fault * and update local tlb only */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, vmf->pte, entry, 0)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, vmf->pte); } /* * This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there * in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable, * in which case we just give up and fill the result with * zeroes. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { if (locked) goto warn; /* Re-validate under PTL if the page is still mapped */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* The PTE changed under us, update local tlb */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } /* * The same page can be mapped back since last copy attempt. * Try to copy again under PTL. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * Give a warn in case there can be some obscure * use-case */ warn: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); clear_page(kaddr); } } ret = true; pte_unlock: if (locked) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(dst); return ret; } static gfp_t __get_fault_gfp_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *vm_file = vma->vm_file; if (vm_file) return mapping_gfp_mask(vm_file->f_mapping) | __GFP_FS | __GFP_IO; /* * Special mappings (e.g. VDSO) do not have any file so fake * a default GFP_KERNEL for them. */ return GFP_KERNEL; } /* * Notify the address space that the page is about to become writable so that * it can prohibit this or wait for the page to get into an appropriate state. * * We do this without the lock held, so that it can sleep if it needs to. */ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { vm_fault_t ret; struct page *page = vmf->page; unsigned int old_flags = vmf->flags; vmf->flags = FAULT_FLAG_WRITE|FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; if (vmf->vma->vm_file && IS_SWAPFILE(vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vmf); /* Restore original flags so that caller is not surprised */ vmf->flags = old_flags; if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) return ret; if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) { lock_page(page); if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* retry */ } ret |= VM_FAULT_LOCKED; } else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); return ret; } /* * Handle dirtying of a page in shared file mapping on a write fault. * * The function expects the page to be locked and unlocks it. */ static vm_fault_t fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page = vmf->page; bool dirtied; bool page_mkwrite = vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite; dirtied = set_page_dirty(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page), page); /* * Take a local copy of the address_space - page.mapping may be zeroed * by truncate after unlock_page(). The address_space itself remains * pinned by vma->vm_file's reference. We rely on unlock_page()'s * release semantics to prevent the compiler from undoing this copying. */ mapping = page_rmapping(page); unlock_page(page); if (!page_mkwrite) file_update_time(vma->vm_file); /* * Throttle page dirtying rate down to writeback speed. * * mapping may be NULL here because some device drivers do not * set page.mapping but still dirty their pages * * Drop the mmap_lock before waiting on IO, if we can. The file * is pinning the mapping, as per above. */ if ((dirtied || page_mkwrite) && mapping) { struct file *fpin; fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, NULL); balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); if (fpin) { fput(fpin); return VM_FAULT_RETRY; } } return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for pages that can be reused in the current vma * * This can happen either due to the mapping being with the VM_SHARED flag, * or due to us being the last reference standing to the page. In either * case, all we need to do here is to mark the page as writable and update * any related book-keeping. */ static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = vmf->page; pte_t entry; /* * Clear the pages cpupid information as the existing * information potentially belongs to a now completely * unrelated process. */ if (page) page_cpupid_xchg_last(page, (1 << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1); flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); count_vm_event(PGREUSE); } /* * Handle the case of a page which we actually need to copy to a new page. * * Called with mmap_lock locked and the old page referenced, but * without the ptl held. * * High level logic flow: * * - Allocate a page, copy the content of the old page to the new one. * - Handle book keeping and accounting - cgroups, mmu-notifiers, etc. * - Take the PTL. If the pte changed, bail out and release the allocated page * - If the pte is still the way we remember it, update the page table and all * relevant references. This includes dropping the reference the page-table * held to the old page, as well as updating the rmap. * - In any case, unlock the PTL and drop the reference we took to the old page. */ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct page *old_page = vmf->page; struct page *new_page = NULL; pte_t entry; int page_copied = 0; struct mmu_notifier_range range; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte))) { new_page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; } else { new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; if (!cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, vmf)) { /* * COW failed, if the fault was solved by other, * it's fine. If not, userspace would re-fault on * the same address and we will handle the fault * from the second attempt. */ put_page(new_page); if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return 0; } } if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_new; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, vmf->address & PAGE_MASK, (vmf->address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { if (old_page) { if (!PageAnon(old_page)) { dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(old_page)); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* * Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the * pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition * seen in the presence of one thread doing SMC and another * thread doing COW. */ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, vma); /* * We call the notify macro here because, when using secondary * mmu page tables (such as kvm shadow page tables), we want the * new page to be mapped directly into the secondary page table. */ set_pte_at_notify(mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); if (old_page) { /* * Only after switching the pte to the new page may * we remove the mapcount here. Otherwise another * process may come and find the rmap count decremented * before the pte is switched to the new page, and * "reuse" the old page writing into it while our pte * here still points into it and can be read by other * threads. * * The critical issue is to order this * page_remove_rmap with the ptp_clear_flush above. * Those stores are ordered by (if nothing else,) * the barrier present in the atomic_add_negative * in page_remove_rmap. * * Then the TLB flush in ptep_clear_flush ensures that * no process can access the old page before the * decremented mapcount is visible. And the old page * cannot be reused until after the decremented * mapcount is visible. So transitively, TLBs to * old page will be flushed before it can be reused. */ page_remove_rmap(old_page, false); } /* Free the old page.. */ new_page = old_page; page_copied = 1; } else { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } if (new_page) put_page(new_page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); /* * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as * the above ptep_clear_flush_notify() did already call it. */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range); if (old_page) { /* * Don't let another task, with possibly unlocked vma, * keep the mlocked page. */ if (page_copied && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) { lock_page(old_page); /* LRU manipulation */ if (PageMlocked(old_page)) munlock_vma_page(old_page); unlock_page(old_page); } put_page(old_page); } return page_copied ? VM_FAULT_WRITE : 0; oom_free_new: put_page(new_page); oom: if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /** * finish_mkwrite_fault - finish page fault for a shared mapping, making PTE * writeable once the page is prepared * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a write page fault in a * shared mapping due to PTE being read-only once the mapped page is prepared. * It handles locking of PTE and modifying it. * * The function expects the page to be locked or other protection against * concurrent faults / writeback (such as DAX radix tree locks). * * Return: %VM_FAULT_WRITE on success, %0 when PTE got changed before * we acquired PTE lock. */ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * We might have raced with another page fault while we released the * pte_offset_map_lock. */ if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for VM_MIXEDMAP or VM_PFNMAP for a VM_SHARED * mapping */ static vm_fault_t wp_pfn_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t ret; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); vmf->flags |= FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; ret = vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite(vmf); if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)) return ret; return finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE; get_page(vmf->page); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t tmp; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } tmp = finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } else { wp_page_reuse(vmf); lock_page(vmf->page); } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } /* * This routine handles present pages, when users try to write * to a shared page. It is done by copying the page to a new address * and decrementing the shared-page counter for the old page. * * Note that this routine assumes that the protection checks have been * done by the caller (the low-level page fault routine in most cases). * Thus we can safely just mark it writable once we've done any necessary * COW. * * We also mark the page dirty at this point even though the page will * change only once the write actually happens. This avoids a few races, * and potentially makes it more efficient. * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), with pte both mapped and locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(vma, *vmf->pte)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); } /* * Userfaultfd write-protect can defer flushes. Ensure the TLB * is flushed in this case before copying. */ if (unlikely(userfaultfd_wp(vmf->vma) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(vmf->vma->vm_mm))) flush_tlb_page(vmf->vma, vmf->address); vmf->page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte); if (!vmf->page) { /* * VM_MIXEDMAP !pfn_valid() case, or VM_SOFTDIRTY clear on a * VM_PFNMAP VMA. * * We should not cow pages in a shared writeable mapping. * Just mark the pages writable and/or call ops->pfn_mkwrite. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) return wp_pfn_shared(vmf); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } /* * Take out anonymous pages first, anonymous shared vmas are * not dirty accountable. */ if (PageAnon(vmf->page)) { struct page *page = vmf->page; /* PageKsm() doesn't necessarily raise the page refcount */ if (PageKsm(page) || page_count(page) != 1) goto copy; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto copy; if (PageKsm(page) || page_mapcount(page) != 1 || page_count(page) != 1) { unlock_page(page); goto copy; } /* * Ok, we've got the only map reference, and the only * page count reference, and the page is locked, * it's dark out, and we're wearing sunglasses. Hit it. */ unlock_page(page); wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) { return wp_page_shared(vmf); } copy: /* * Ok, we need to copy. Oh, well.. */ get_page(vmf->page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } static void unmap_mapping_range_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { zap_page_range_single(vma, start_addr, end_addr - start_addr, details); } static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct rb_root_cached *root, struct zap_details *details) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; pgoff_t vba, vea, zba, zea; vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, details->first_index, details->last_index) { vba = vma->vm_pgoff; vea = vba + vma_pages(vma) - 1; zba = details->first_index; if (zba < vba) zba = vba; zea = details->last_index; if (zea > vea) zea = vea; unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma, ((zba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, ((zea - vba + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, details); } } /** * unmap_mapping_page() - Unmap single page from processes. * @page: The locked page to be unmapped. * * Unmap this page from any userspace process which still has it mmaped. * Typically, for efficiency, the range of nearby pages has already been * unmapped by unmap_mapping_pages() or unmap_mapping_range(). But once * truncation or invalidation holds the lock on a page, it may find that * the page has been remapped again: and then uses unmap_mapping_page() * to unmap it finally. */ void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct zap_details details = { }; VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON(PageTail(page)); details.check_mapping = mapping; details.first_index = page->index; details.last_index = page->index + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; details.single_page = page; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_pages() - Unmap pages from processes. * @mapping: The address space containing pages to be unmapped. * @start: Index of first page to be unmapped. * @nr: Number of pages to be unmapped. 0 to unmap to end of file. * @even_cows: Whether to unmap even private COWed pages. * * Unmap the pages in this address space from any userspace process which * has them mmaped. Generally, you want to remove COWed pages as well when * a file is being truncated, but not when invalidating pages from the page * cache. */ void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { struct zap_details details = { }; details.check_mapping = even_cows ? NULL : mapping; details.first_index = start; details.last_index = start + nr - 1; if (details.last_index < details.first_index) details.last_index = ULONG_MAX; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_range - unmap the portion of all mmaps in the specified * address_space corresponding to the specified byte range in the underlying * file. * * @mapping: the address space containing mmaps to be unmapped. * @holebegin: byte in first page to unmap, relative to the start of * the underlying file. This will be rounded down to a PAGE_SIZE * boundary. Note that this is different from truncate_pagecache(), which * must keep the partial page. In contrast, we must get rid of * partial pages. * @holelen: size of prospective hole in bytes. This will be rounded * up to a PAGE_SIZE boundary. A holelen of zero truncates to the * end of the file. * @even_cows: 1 when truncating a file, unmap even private COWed pages; * but 0 when invalidating pagecache, don't throw away private data. */ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { pgoff_t hba = holebegin >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t hlen = (holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Check for overflow. */ if (sizeof(holelen) > sizeof(hlen)) { long long holeend = (holebegin + holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (holeend & ~(long long)ULONG_MAX) hlen = ULONG_MAX - hba + 1; } unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, hba, hlen, even_cows); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range); /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with pte unmapped and unlocked. * * We return with the mmap_lock locked or unlocked in the same cases * as does filemap_fault(). */ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL, *swapcache; swp_entry_t entry; pte_t pte; int locked; int exclusive = 0; vm_fault_t ret = 0; void *shadow = NULL; if (!pte_unmap_same(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) goto out; entry = pte_to_swp_entry(vmf->orig_pte); if (unlikely(non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { migration_entry_wait(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address); } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { vmf->page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); ret = vmf->page->pgmap->ops->migrate_to_ram(vmf); } else if (is_hwpoison_entry(entry)) { ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } else { print_bad_pte(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte, NULL); ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } goto out; } delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); page = lookup_swap_cache(entry, vma, vmf->address); swapcache = page; if (!page) { struct swap_info_struct *si = swp_swap_info(entry); if (data_race(si->flags & SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO) && __swap_count(entry) == 1) { /* skip swapcache */ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (page) { int err; __SetPageLocked(page); __SetPageSwapBacked(page); set_page_private(page, entry.val); /* Tell memcg to use swap ownership records */ SetPageSwapCache(page); err = mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL); ClearPageSwapCache(page); if (err) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_page; } shadow = get_shadow_from_swap_cache(entry); if (shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); swap_readpage(page, true); } } else { page = swapin_readahead(entry, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vmf); swapcache = page; } if (!page) { /* * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte * while we released the pte lock. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto unlock; } /* Had to read the page from swap area: Major fault */ ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); } else if (PageHWPoison(page)) { /* * hwpoisoned dirty swapcache pages are kept for killing * owner processes (which may be unknown at hwpoison time) */ ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto out_release; } locked = lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); if (!locked) { ret |= VM_FAULT_RETRY; goto out_release; } /* * Make sure try_to_free_swap or reuse_swap_page or swapoff did not * release the swapcache from under us. The page pin, and pte_same * test below, are not enough to exclude that. Even if it is still * swapcache, we need to check that the page's swap has not changed. */ if (unlikely((!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)) && swapcache) goto out_page; page = ksm_might_need_to_copy(page, vma, vmf->address); if (unlikely(!page)) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; page = swapcache; goto out_page; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) goto out_nomap; if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; goto out_nomap; } /* * The page isn't present yet, go ahead with the fault. * * Be careful about the sequence of operations here. * To get its accounting right, reuse_swap_page() must be called * while the page is counted on swap but not yet in mapcount i.e. * before page_add_anon_rmap() and swap_free(); try_to_free_swap() * must be called after the swap_free(), or it will never succeed. */ inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); dec_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_SWAPENTS); pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) { pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma); vmf->flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE; exclusive = RMAP_EXCLUSIVE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(vmf->orig_pte)) pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte = pte_mkuffd_wp(pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, pte); arch_do_swap_page(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmf->address, pte, vmf->orig_pte); vmf->orig_pte = pte; /* ksm created a completely new copy */ if (unlikely(page != swapcache && swapcache)) { page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { do_page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, exclusive); } swap_free(entry); if (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page)) try_to_free_swap(page); unlock_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { /* * Hold the lock to avoid the swap entry to be reused * until we take the PT lock for the pte_same() check * (to avoid false positives from pte_same). For * further safety release the lock after the swap_free * so that the swap count won't change under a * parallel locked swapcache. */ unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { ret |= do_wp_page(vmf); if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) ret &= VM_FAULT_ERROR; goto out; } /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: return ret; out_nomap: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out_page: unlock_page(page); out_release: put_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; pte_t entry; /* File mapping without ->vm_ops ? */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * Use pte_alloc() instead of pte_alloc_map(). We can't run * pte_offset_map() on pmds where a huge pmd might be created * from a different thread. * * pte_alloc_map() is safe to use under mmap_write_lock(mm) or when * parallel threads are excluded by other means. * * Here we only have mmap_read_lock(mm). */ if (pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* See the comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))) return 0; /* Use the zero-page for reads */ if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !mm_forbids_zeropage(vma->vm_mm)) { entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(vmf->address), vma->vm_page_prot)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto unlock; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } goto setpte; } /* Allocate our own private page. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!page) goto oom; if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_page; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that * preceding stores to the page contents become visible before * the set_pte_at() write. */ __SetPageUptodate(page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto release; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto release; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); put_page(page); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); setpte: set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; release: put_page(page); goto unlock; oom_free_page: put_page(page); oom: return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /* * The mmap_lock must have been held on entry, and may have been * released depending on flags and vma->vm_ops->fault() return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; /* * Preallocate pte before we take page_lock because this might lead to * deadlocks for memcg reclaim which waits for pages under writeback: * lock_page(A) * SetPageWriteback(A) * unlock_page(A) * lock_page(B) * lock_page(B) * pte_alloc_one * shrink_page_list * wait_on_page_writeback(A) * SetPageWriteback(B) * unlock_page(B) * # flush A, B to clear the writeback */ if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } ret = vma->vm_ops->fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY | VM_FAULT_DONE_COW))) return ret; if (unlikely(PageHWPoison(vmf->page))) { if (ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED) unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); vmf->page = NULL; return VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) lock_page(vmf->page); else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(vmf->page), vmf->page); return ret; } /* * The ordering of these checks is important for pmds with _PAGE_DEVMAP set. * If we check pmd_trans_unstable() first we will trip the bad_pmd() check * inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(). This will end up correctly * returning 1 but not before it spams dmesg with the pmd_clear_bad() output. */ static int pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { return pmd_devmap(*pmd) || pmd_trans_unstable(pmd); } static vm_fault_t pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) goto map_pte; if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); goto map_pte; } mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); pmd_populate(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } else if (unlikely(pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd))) { return VM_FAULT_OOM; } map_pte: /* * If a huge pmd materialized under us just retry later. Use * pmd_trans_unstable() via pmd_devmap_trans_unstable() instead of * pmd_trans_huge() to ensure the pmd didn't become pmd_trans_huge * under us and then back to pmd_none, as a result of MADV_DONTNEED * running immediately after a huge pmd fault in a different thread of * this mm, in turn leading to a misleading pmd_trans_huge() retval. * All we have to ensure is that it is a regular pmd that we can walk * with pte_offset_map() and we can do that through an atomic read in * C, which is what pmd_trans_unstable() provides. */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; /* * At this point we know that our vmf->pmd points to a page of ptes * and it cannot become pmd_none(), pmd_devmap() or pmd_trans_huge() * for the duration of the fault. If a racing MADV_DONTNEED runs and * we zap the ptes pointed to by our vmf->pmd, the vmf->ptl will still * be valid and we will re-check to make sure the vmf->pte isn't * pte_none() under vmf->ptl protection when we return to * alloc_set_pte(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static void deposit_prealloc_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); /* * We are going to consume the prealloc table, * count that as nr_ptes. */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; unsigned long haddr = vmf->address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK; pmd_t entry; int i; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (!transhuge_vma_suitable(vma, haddr)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); if (compound_order(page) != HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) return ret; /* * Archs like ppc64 need additonal space to store information * related to pte entry. Use the preallocated table for that. */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) goto out; for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) flush_icache_page(vma, page + i); entry = mk_huge_pmd(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if (write) entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma); add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page), HPAGE_PMD_NR); page_add_file_rmap(page, true); /* * deposit and withdraw with pmd lock held */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit()) deposit_prealloc_pte(vmf); set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, haddr, vmf->pmd, entry); update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd); /* fault is handled */ ret = 0; count_vm_event(THP_FILE_MAPPED); out: spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); return ret; } #else static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /** * alloc_set_pte - setup new PTE entry for given page and add reverse page * mapping. If needed, the function allocates page table or use pre-allocated. * * @vmf: fault environment * @page: page to map * * Caller must take care of unlocking vmf->ptl, if vmf->pte is non-NULL on * return. * * Target users are page handler itself and implementations of * vm_ops->map_pages. * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; pte_t entry; vm_fault_t ret; if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && PageTransCompound(page)) { ret = do_set_pmd(vmf, page); if (ret != VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) return ret; } if (!vmf->pte) { ret = pte_alloc_one_map(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } /* Re-check under ptl */ if (unlikely(!pte_none(*vmf->pte))) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (write) entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* copy-on-write page */ if (write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* no need to invalidate: a not-present page won't be cached */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return 0; } /** * finish_fault - finish page fault once we have prepared the page to fault * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a page fault once the * page to fault in is prepared. It handles locking of PTEs, inserts PTE for * given page, adds reverse page mapping, handles memcg charges and LRU * addition. * * The function expects the page to be locked and on success it consumes a * reference of a page being mapped (for the PTE which maps it). * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* Did we COW the page? */ if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) page = vmf->cow_page; else page = vmf->page; /* * check even for read faults because we might have lost our CoWed * page */ if (!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = check_stable_address_space(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!ret) ret = alloc_set_pte(vmf, page); if (vmf->pte) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; } static unsigned long fault_around_bytes __read_mostly = rounddown_pow_of_two(65536); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static int fault_around_bytes_get(void *data, u64 *val) { *val = fault_around_bytes; return 0; } /* * fault_around_bytes must be rounded down to the nearest page order as it's * what do_fault_around() expects to see. */ static int fault_around_bytes_set(void *data, u64 val) { if (val / PAGE_SIZE > PTRS_PER_PTE) return -EINVAL; if (val > PAGE_SIZE) fault_around_bytes = rounddown_pow_of_two(val); else fault_around_bytes = PAGE_SIZE; /* rounddown_pow_of_two(0) is undefined */ return 0; } DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE(fault_around_bytes_fops, fault_around_bytes_get, fault_around_bytes_set, "%llu\n"); static int __init fault_around_debugfs(void) { debugfs_create_file_unsafe("fault_around_bytes", 0644, NULL, NULL, &fault_around_bytes_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(fault_around_debugfs); #endif /* * do_fault_around() tries to map few pages around the fault address. The hope * is that the pages will be needed soon and this will lower the number of * faults to handle. * * It uses vm_ops->map_pages() to map the pages, which skips the page if it's * not ready to be mapped: not up-to-date, locked, etc. * * This function is called with the page table lock taken. In the split ptlock * case the page table lock only protects only those entries which belong to * the page table corresponding to the fault address. * * This function doesn't cross the VMA boundaries, in order to call map_pages() * only once. * * fault_around_bytes defines how many bytes we'll try to map. * do_fault_around() expects it to be set to a power of two less than or equal * to PTRS_PER_PTE. * * The virtual address of the area that we map is naturally aligned to * fault_around_bytes rounded down to the machine page size * (and therefore to page order). This way it's easier to guarantee * that we don't cross page table boundaries. */ static vm_fault_t do_fault_around(struct vm_fault *vmf) { unsigned long address = vmf->address, nr_pages, mask; pgoff_t start_pgoff = vmf->pgoff; pgoff_t end_pgoff; int off; vm_fault_t ret = 0; nr_pages = READ_ONCE(fault_around_bytes) >> PAGE_SHIFT; mask = ~(nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; vmf->address = max(address & mask, vmf->vma->vm_start); off = ((address - vmf->address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); start_pgoff -= off; /* * end_pgoff is either the end of the page table, the end of * the vma or nr_pages from start_pgoff, depending what is nearest. */ end_pgoff = start_pgoff - ((vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1)) + PTRS_PER_PTE - 1; end_pgoff = min3(end_pgoff, vma_pages(vmf->vma) + vmf->vma->vm_pgoff - 1, start_pgoff + nr_pages - 1); if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) goto out; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->vma->vm_ops->map_pages(vmf, start_pgoff, end_pgoff); /* Huge page is mapped? Page fault is solved */ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) { ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } /* ->map_pages() haven't done anything useful. Cold page cache? */ if (!vmf->pte) goto out; /* check if the page fault is solved */ vmf->pte -= (vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) - (address >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: vmf->address = address; vmf->pte = NULL; return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_read_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* * Let's call ->map_pages() first and use ->fault() as fallback * if page by the offset is not ready to be mapped (cold cache or * something). */ if (vma->vm_ops->map_pages && fault_around_bytes >> PAGE_SHIFT > 1) { ret = do_fault_around(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_cow_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf->cow_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!vmf->cow_page) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (mem_cgroup_charge(vmf->cow_page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(vmf->cow_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(vmf->cow_page, GFP_KERNEL); ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; if (ret & VM_FAULT_DONE_COW) return ret; copy_user_highpage(vmf->cow_page, vmf->page, vmf->address, vma); __SetPageUptodate(vmf->cow_page); ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; return ret; uncharge_out: put_page(vmf->cow_page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_shared_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret, tmp; ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; /* * Check if the backing address space wants to know that the page is * about to become writable */ if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { unlock_page(vmf->page); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } ret |= finish_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults). * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). * If mmap_lock is released, vma may become invalid (for example * by other thread calling munmap()). */ static vm_fault_t do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *vm_mm = vma->vm_mm; vm_fault_t ret; /* * The VMA was not fully populated on mmap() or missing VM_DONTEXPAND */ if (!vma->vm_ops->fault) { /* * If we find a migration pmd entry or a none pmd entry, which * should never happen, return SIGBUS */ if (unlikely(!pmd_present(*vmf->pmd))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else { vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * Make sure this is not a temporary clearing of pte * by holding ptl and checking again. A R/M/W update * of pte involves: take ptl, clearing the pte so that * we don't have concurrent modification by hardware * followed by an update. */ if (unlikely(pte_none(*vmf->pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); } } else if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) ret = do_read_fault(vmf); else if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = do_cow_fault(vmf); else ret = do_shared_fault(vmf); /* preallocated pagetable is unused: free it */ if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { pte_free(vm_mm, vmf->prealloc_pte); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } return ret; } static int numa_migrate_prep(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int page_nid, int *flags) { get_page(page); count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS); if (page_nid == numa_node_id()) { count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS_LOCAL); *flags |= TNF_FAULT_LOCAL; } return mpol_misplaced(page, vma, addr); } static vm_fault_t do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL; int page_nid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int last_cpupid; int target_nid; bool migrated = false; pte_t pte, old_pte; bool was_writable = pte_savedwrite(vmf->orig_pte); int flags = 0; /* * The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without * validation through pte_unmap_same(). It's of NUMA type but * the pfn may be screwed if the read is non atomic. */ vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); goto out; } /* * Make it present again, Depending on how arch implementes non * accessible ptes, some can allow access by kernel mode. */ old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte = pte_modify(old_pte, vma->vm_page_prot); pte = pte_mkyoung(pte); if (was_writable) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, old_pte, pte); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, pte); if (!page) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* TODO: handle PTE-mapped THP */ if (PageCompound(page)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * Avoid grouping on RO pages in general. RO pages shouldn't hurt as * much anyway since they can be in shared cache state. This misses * the case where a mapping is writable but the process never writes * to it but pte_write gets cleared during protection updates and * pte_dirty has unpredictable behaviour between PTE scan updates, * background writeback, dirty balancing and application behaviour. */ if (!pte_write(pte)) flags |= TNF_NO_GROUP; /* * Flag if the page is shared between multiple address spaces. This * is later used when determining whether to group tasks together */ if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) flags |= TNF_SHARED; last_cpupid = page_cpupid_last(page); page_nid = page_to_nid(page); target_nid = numa_migrate_prep(page, vma, vmf->address, page_nid, &flags); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); if (target_nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) { put_page(page); goto out; } /* Migrate to the requested node */ migrated = migrate_misplaced_page(page, vma, target_nid); if (migrated) { page_nid = target_nid; flags |= TNF_MIGRATED; } else flags |= TNF_MIGRATE_FAIL; out: if (page_nid != NUMA_NO_NODE) task_numa_fault(last_cpupid, page_nid, 1, flags); return 0; } static inline vm_fault_t create_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(vmf); if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* `inline' is required to avoid gcc 4.1.2 build error */ static inline vm_fault_t wp_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) { if (userfaultfd_huge_pmd_wp(vmf->vma, orig_pmd)) return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); return do_huge_pmd_wp_page(vmf, orig_pmd); } if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } /* COW or write-notify handled on pte level: split pmd. */ __split_huge_pmd(vmf->vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, false, NULL); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t create_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) goto split; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } split: /* COW or write-notify not handled on PUD level: split pud.*/ __split_huge_pud(vmf->vma, vmf->pud, vmf->address); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t wp_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* * These routines also need to handle stuff like marking pages dirty * and/or accessed for architectures that don't do it in hardware (most * RISC architectures). The early dirtying is also good on the i386. * * There is also a hook called "update_mmu_cache()" that architectures * with external mmu caches can use to update those (ie the Sparc or * PowerPC hashed page tables that act as extended TLBs). * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, but allow * concurrent faults). * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { pte_t entry; if (unlikely(pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { /* * Leave __pte_alloc() until later: because vm_ops->fault may * want to allocate huge page, and if we expose page table * for an instant, it will be difficult to retract from * concurrent faults and from rmap lookups. */ vmf->pte = NULL; } else { /* See comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return 0; /* * A regular pmd is established and it can't morph into a huge * pmd from under us anymore at this point because we hold the * mmap_lock read mode and khugepaged takes it in write mode. * So now it's safe to run pte_offset_map(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map(vmf->pmd, vmf->address); vmf->orig_pte = *vmf->pte; /* * some architectures can have larger ptes than wordsize, * e.g.ppc44x-defconfig has CONFIG_PTE_64BIT=y and * CONFIG_32BIT=y, so READ_ONCE cannot guarantee atomic * accesses. The code below just needs a consistent view * for the ifs and we later double check anyway with the * ptl lock held. So here a barrier will do. */ barrier(); if (pte_none(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_unmap(vmf->pte); vmf->pte = NULL; } } if (!vmf->pte) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_anonymous_page(vmf); else return do_fault(vmf); } if (!pte_present(vmf->orig_pte)) return do_swap_page(vmf); if (pte_protnone(vmf->orig_pte) && vma_is_accessible(vmf->vma)) return do_numa_page(vmf); vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); entry = vmf->orig_pte; if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, entry))) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { if (!pte_write(entry)) return do_wp_page(vmf); entry = pte_mkdirty(entry); } entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) { update_mmu_cache(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } else { /* Skip spurious TLB flush for retried page fault */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED) goto unlock; /* * This is needed only for protection faults but the arch code * is not yet telling us if this is a protection fault or not. * This still avoids useless tlb flushes for .text page faults * with threads. */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vmf->vma, vmf->address); } unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags) { struct vm_fault vmf = { .vma = vma, .address = address & PAGE_MASK, .flags = flags, .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address), .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma), }; unsigned int dirty = flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; vm_fault_t ret; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address); if (!p4d) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf.pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address); if (!vmf.pud) return VM_FAULT_OOM; retry_pud: if (pud_none(*vmf.pud) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pud(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pud_t orig_pud = *vmf.pud; barrier(); if (pud_trans_huge(orig_pud) || pud_devmap(orig_pud)) { /* NUMA case for anonymous PUDs would go here */ if (dirty && !pud_write(orig_pud)) { ret = wp_huge_pud(&vmf, orig_pud); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pud_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pud); return 0; } } } vmf.pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, vmf.pud, address); if (!vmf.pmd) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* Huge pud page fault raced with pmd_alloc? */ if (pud_trans_unstable(vmf.pud)) goto retry_pud; if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pmd_t orig_pmd = *vmf.pmd; barrier(); if (unlikely(is_swap_pmd(orig_pmd))) { VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() && !is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)); if (is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)) pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, vmf.pmd); return 0; } if (pmd_trans_huge(orig_pmd) || pmd_devmap(orig_pmd)) { if (pmd_protnone(orig_pmd) && vma_is_accessible(vma)) return do_huge_pmd_numa_page(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (dirty && !pmd_write(orig_pmd)) { ret = wp_huge_pmd(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pmd_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pmd); return 0; } } } return handle_pte_fault(&vmf); } /** * mm_account_fault - Do page fault accountings * * @regs: the pt_regs struct pointer. When set to NULL, will skip accounting * of perf event counters, but we'll still do the per-task accounting to * the task who triggered this page fault. * @address: the faulted address. * @flags: the fault flags. * @ret: the fault retcode. * * This will take care of most of the page fault accountings. Meanwhile, it * will also include the PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_[MAJ|MIN] perf counter * updates. However note that the handling of PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS should * still be in per-arch page fault handlers at the entry of page fault. */ static inline void mm_account_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, vm_fault_t ret) { bool major; /* * We don't do accounting for some specific faults: * * - Unsuccessful faults (e.g. when the address wasn't valid). That * includes arch_vma_access_permitted() failing before reaching here. * So this is not a "this many hardware page faults" counter. We * should use the hw profiling for that. * * - Incomplete faults (VM_FAULT_RETRY). They will only be counted * once they're completed. */ if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_RETRY)) return; /* * We define the fault as a major fault when the final successful fault * is VM_FAULT_MAJOR, or if it retried (which implies that we couldn't * handle it immediately previously). */ major = (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR) || (flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED); if (major) current->maj_flt++; else current->min_flt++; /* * If the fault is done for GUP, regs will be NULL. We only do the * accounting for the per thread fault counters who triggered the * fault, and we skip the perf event updates. */ if (!regs) return; if (major) perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MAJ, 1, regs, address); else perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MIN, 1, regs, address); } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { vm_fault_t ret; __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); count_vm_event(PGFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGFAULT); /* do counter updates before entering really critical section. */ check_sync_rss_stat(current); if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, flags & FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, flags & FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE)) return VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV; /* * Enable the memcg OOM handling for faults triggered in user * space. Kernel faults are handled more gracefully. */ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(); if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags); else ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) { mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(); /* * The task may have entered a memcg OOM situation but * if the allocation error was handled gracefully (no * VM_FAULT_OOM), there is no need to kill anything. * Just clean up the OOM state peacefully. */ if (task_in_memcg_oom(current) && !(ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)) mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(false); } mm_account_fault(regs, address, flags, ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_mm_fault); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED /* * Allocate p4d page table. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { p4d_t *new = p4d_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (pgd_present(*pgd)) /* Another has populated it */ p4d_free(mm, new); else pgd_populate(mm, pgd, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page upper directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { pud_t *new = pud_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) { mm_inc_nr_puds(mm); p4d_populate(mm, p4d, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pud_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page middle directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { spinlock_t *ptl; pmd_t *new = pmd_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ ptl = pud_lock(mm, pud); if (!pud_present(*pud)) { mm_inc_nr_pmds(mm); pud_populate(mm, pud, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pmd_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(ptl); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED */ int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d) || unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { if (!pmdpp) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PMD_MASK, (address & PMD_MASK) + PMD_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } *ptlp = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { *pmdpp = pmd; return 0; } spin_unlock(*ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); } if (pmd_none(*pmd) || unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PAGE_MASK, (address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp); if (!pte_present(*ptep)) goto unlock; *ptepp = ptep; return 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, *ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); out: return -EINVAL; } /** * follow_pte - look up PTE at a user virtual address * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @address: user virtual address * @ptepp: location to store found PTE * @ptlp: location to store the lock for the PTE * * On a successful return, the pointer to the PTE is stored in @ptepp; * the corresponding lock is taken and its location is stored in @ptlp. * The contents of the PTE are only stable until @ptlp is released; * any further use, if any, must be protected against invalidation * with MMU notifiers. * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. The mmap semaphore * should be taken for read. * * KVM uses this function. While it is arguably less bad than ``follow_pfn``, * it is not a good general-purpose API. * * Return: zero on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { return follow_invalidate_pte(mm, address, NULL, ptepp, NULL, ptlp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(follow_pte); /** * follow_pfn - look up PFN at a user virtual address * @vma: memory mapping * @address: user virtual address * @pfn: location to store found PFN * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. * * This function does not allow the caller to read the permissions * of the PTE. Do not use it. * * Return: zero and the pfn at @pfn on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn) { int ret = -EINVAL; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *ptep; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) return ret; ret = follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl); if (ret) return ret; *pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep); pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_pfn); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys) { int ret = -EINVAL; pte_t *ptep, pte; spinlock_t *ptl; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) goto out; if (follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl)) goto out; pte = *ptep; if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte)) goto unlock; *prot = pgprot_val(pte_pgprot(pte)); *phys = (resource_size_t)pte_pfn(pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; ret = 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); out: return ret; } int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write) { resource_size_t phys_addr; unsigned long prot = 0; void __iomem *maddr; int offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (follow_phys(vma, addr, write, &prot, &phys_addr)) return -EINVAL; maddr = ioremap_prot(phys_addr, PAGE_ALIGN(len + offset), prot); if (!maddr) return -ENOMEM; if (write) memcpy_toio(maddr + offset, buf, len); else memcpy_fromio(buf, maddr + offset, len); iounmap(maddr); return len; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_access_phys); #endif /* * Access another process' address space as given in mm. If non-NULL, use the * given task for page fault accounting. */ int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; void *old_buf = buf; int write = gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE; if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm)) return 0; /* ignore errors, just check how much was successfully transferred */ while (len) { int bytes, ret, offset; void *maddr; struct page *page = NULL; ret = get_user_pages_remote(mm, addr, 1, gup_flags, &page, &vma, NULL); if (ret <= 0) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT break; #else /* * Check if this is a VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP VMA, which * we can access using slightly different code. */ vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (!vma || vma->vm_start > addr) break; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->access) ret = vma->vm_ops->access(vma, addr, buf, len, write); if (ret <= 0) break; bytes = ret; #endif } else { bytes = len; offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (bytes > PAGE_SIZE-offset) bytes = PAGE_SIZE-offset; maddr = kmap(page); if (write) { copy_to_user_page(vma, page, addr, maddr + offset, buf, bytes); set_page_dirty_lock(page); } else { copy_from_user_page(vma, page, addr, buf, maddr + offset, bytes); } kunmap(page); put_page(page); } len -= bytes; buf += bytes; addr += bytes; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); return buf - old_buf; } /** * access_remote_vm - access another process' address space * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @addr: start address to access * @buf: source or destination buffer * @len: number of bytes to transfer * @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour * * The caller must hold a reference on @mm. * * Return: number of bytes copied from source to destination. */ int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { return __access_remote_vm(NULL, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); } /* * Access another process' address space. * Source/target buffer must be kernel space, * Do not walk the page table directly, use get_user_pages */ int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct mm_struct *mm; int ret; mm = get_task_mm(tsk); if (!mm) return 0; ret = __access_remote_vm(tsk, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); mmput(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(access_process_vm); /* * Print the name of a VMA. */ void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long ip) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* * we might be running from an atomic context so we cannot sleep */ if (!mmap_read_trylock(mm)) return; vma = find_vma(mm, ip); if (vma && vma->vm_file) { struct file *f = vma->vm_file; char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_NOWAIT); if (buf) { char *p; p = file_path(f, buf, PAGE_SIZE); if (IS_ERR(p)) p = "?"; printk("%s%s[%lx+%lx]", prefix, kbasename(p), vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } mmap_read_unlock(mm); } #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) void __might_fault(const char *file, int line) { /* * Some code (nfs/sunrpc) uses socket ops on kernel memory while * holding the mmap_lock, this is safe because kernel memory doesn't * get paged out, therefore we'll never actually fault, and the * below annotations will generate false positives. */ if (uaccess_kernel()) return; if (pagefault_disabled()) return; __might_sleep(file, line, 0); #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) if (current->mm) might_lock_read(&current->mm->mmap_lock); #endif } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__might_fault); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) /* * Process all subpages of the specified huge page with the specified * operation. The target subpage will be processed last to keep its * cache lines hot. */ static inline void process_huge_page( unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, void (*process_subpage)(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg), void *arg) { int i, n, base, l; unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); /* Process target subpage last to keep its cache lines hot */ might_sleep(); n = (addr_hint - addr) / PAGE_SIZE; if (2 * n <= pages_per_huge_page) { /* If target subpage in first half of huge page */ base = 0; l = n; /* Process subpages at the end of huge page */ for (i = pages_per_huge_page - 1; i >= 2 * n; i--) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } else { /* If target subpage in second half of huge page */ base = pages_per_huge_page - 2 * (pages_per_huge_page - n); l = pages_per_huge_page - n; /* Process subpages at the begin of huge page */ for (i = 0; i < base; i++) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } /* * Process remaining subpages in left-right-left-right pattern * towards the target subpage */ for (i = 0; i < l; i++) { int left_idx = base + i; int right_idx = base + 2 * l - 1 - i; cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + left_idx * PAGE_SIZE, left_idx, arg); cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + right_idx * PAGE_SIZE, right_idx, arg); } } static void clear_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *p = page; might_sleep(); for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, p = mem_map_next(p, page, i)) { cond_resched(); clear_user_highpage(p, addr + i * PAGE_SIZE); } } static void clear_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct page *page = arg; clear_user_highpage(page + idx, addr); } void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { clear_gigantic_page(page, addr, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, clear_subpage, page); } static void copy_user_gigantic_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *dst_base = dst; struct page *src_base = src; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; ) { cond_resched(); copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr + i*PAGE_SIZE, vma); i++; dst = mem_map_next(dst, dst_base, i); src = mem_map_next(src, src_base, i); } } struct copy_subpage_arg { struct page *dst; struct page *src; struct vm_area_struct *vma; }; static void copy_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct copy_subpage_arg *copy_arg = arg; copy_user_highpage(copy_arg->dst + idx, copy_arg->src + idx, addr, copy_arg->vma); } void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); struct copy_subpage_arg arg = { .dst = dst, .src = src, .vma = vma, }; if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { copy_user_gigantic_page(dst, src, addr, vma, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, copy_subpage, &arg); } long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault) { void *src = (void *)usr_src; void *page_kaddr; unsigned long i, rc = 0; unsigned long ret_val = pages_per_huge_page * PAGE_SIZE; struct page *subpage = dst_page; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, subpage = mem_map_next(subpage, dst_page, i)) { if (allow_pagefault) page_kaddr = kmap(subpage); else page_kaddr = kmap_atomic(subpage); rc = copy_from_user(page_kaddr, (const void __user *)(src + i * PAGE_SIZE), PAGE_SIZE); if (allow_pagefault) kunmap(subpage); else kunmap_atomic(page_kaddr); ret_val -= (PAGE_SIZE - rc); if (rc) break; cond_resched(); } return ret_val; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS && ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS static struct kmem_cache *page_ptl_cachep; void __init ptlock_cache_init(void) { page_ptl_cachep = kmem_cache_create("page->ptl", sizeof(spinlock_t), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = kmem_cache_alloc(page_ptl_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ptl) return false; page->ptl = ptl; return true; } void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { kmem_cache_free(page_ptl_cachep, page->ptl); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * An interface between IEEE802.15.4 device and rest of the kernel. * * Copyright (C) 2007-2012 Siemens AG * * Written by: * Pavel Smolenskiy <pavel.smolenskiy@gmail.com> * Maxim Gorbachyov <maxim.gorbachev@siemens.com> * Maxim Osipov <maxim.osipov@siemens.com> * Dmitry Eremin-Solenikov <dbaryshkov@gmail.com> * Alexander Smirnov <alex.bluesman.smirnov@gmail.com> */ #ifndef IEEE802154_NETDEVICE_H #define IEEE802154_NETDEVICE_H #include <net/af_ieee802154.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/ieee802154.h> #include <net/cfg802154.h> struct ieee802154_sechdr { #if defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) u8 level:3, key_id_mode:2, reserved:3; #elif defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) u8 reserved:3, key_id_mode:2, level:3; #else #error "Please fix <asm/byteorder.h>" #endif u8 key_id; __le32 frame_counter; union { __le32 short_src; __le64 extended_src; }; }; struct ieee802154_hdr_fc { #if defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) u16 type:3, security_enabled:1, frame_pending:1, ack_request:1, intra_pan:1, reserved:3, dest_addr_mode:2, version:2, source_addr_mode:2; #elif defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) u16 reserved:1, intra_pan:1, ack_request:1, frame_pending:1, security_enabled:1, type:3, source_addr_mode:2, version:2, dest_addr_mode:2, reserved2:2; #else #error "Please fix <asm/byteorder.h>" #endif }; struct ieee802154_hdr { struct ieee802154_hdr_fc fc; u8 seq; struct ieee802154_addr source; struct ieee802154_addr dest; struct ieee802154_sechdr sec; }; /* pushes hdr onto the skb. fields of hdr->fc that can be calculated from * the contents of hdr will be, and the actual value of those bits in * hdr->fc will be ignored. this includes the INTRA_PAN bit and the frame * version, if SECEN is set. */ int ieee802154_hdr_push(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); /* pulls the entire 802.15.4 header off of the skb, including the security * header, and performs pan id decompression */ int ieee802154_hdr_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); /* parses the frame control, sequence number of address fields in a given skb * and stores them into hdr, performing pan id decompression and length checks * to be suitable for use in header_ops.parse */ int ieee802154_hdr_peek_addrs(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); /* parses the full 802.15.4 header a given skb and stores them into hdr, * performing pan id decompression and length checks to be suitable for use in * header_ops.parse */ int ieee802154_hdr_peek(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); int ieee802154_max_payload(const struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); static inline int ieee802154_sechdr_authtag_len(const struct ieee802154_sechdr *sec) { switch (sec->level) { case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC32: case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC32: return 4; case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC64: case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC64: return 8; case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC128: case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC128: return 16; case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_NONE: case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC: default: return 0; } } static inline int ieee802154_hdr_length(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct ieee802154_hdr hdr; int len = ieee802154_hdr_pull(skb, &hdr); if (len > 0) skb_push(skb, len); return len; } static inline bool ieee802154_addr_equal(const struct ieee802154_addr *a1, const struct ieee802154_addr *a2) { if (a1->pan_id != a2->pan_id || a1->mode != a2->mode) return false; if ((a1->mode == IEEE802154_ADDR_LONG && a1->extended_addr != a2->extended_addr) || (a1->mode == IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT && a1->short_addr != a2->short_addr)) return false; return true; } static inline __le64 ieee802154_devaddr_from_raw(const void *raw) { u64 temp; memcpy(&temp, raw, IEEE802154_ADDR_LEN); return (__force __le64)swab64(temp); } static inline void ieee802154_devaddr_to_raw(void *raw, __le64 addr) { u64 temp = swab64((__force u64)addr); memcpy(raw, &temp, IEEE802154_ADDR_LEN); } static inline void ieee802154_addr_from_sa(struct ieee802154_addr *a, const struct ieee802154_addr_sa *sa) { a->mode = sa->addr_type; a->pan_id = cpu_to_le16(sa->pan_id); switch (a->mode) { case IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT: a->short_addr = cpu_to_le16(sa->short_addr); break; case IEEE802154_ADDR_LONG: a->extended_addr = ieee802154_devaddr_from_raw(sa->hwaddr); break; } } static inline void ieee802154_addr_to_sa(struct ieee802154_addr_sa *sa, const struct ieee802154_addr *a) { sa->addr_type = a->mode; sa->pan_id = le16_to_cpu(a->pan_id); switch (a->mode) { case IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT: sa->short_addr = le16_to_cpu(a->short_addr); break; case IEEE802154_ADDR_LONG: ieee802154_devaddr_to_raw(sa->hwaddr, a->extended_addr); break; } } /* * A control block of skb passed between the ARPHRD_IEEE802154 device * and other stack parts. */ struct ieee802154_mac_cb { u8 lqi; u8 type; bool ackreq; bool secen; bool secen_override; u8 seclevel; bool seclevel_override; struct ieee802154_addr source; struct ieee802154_addr dest; }; static inline struct ieee802154_mac_cb *mac_cb(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct ieee802154_mac_cb *)skb->cb; } static inline struct ieee802154_mac_cb *mac_cb_init(struct sk_buff *skb) { BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct ieee802154_mac_cb) > sizeof(skb->cb)); memset(skb->cb, 0, sizeof(struct ieee802154_mac_cb)); return mac_cb(skb); } enum { IEEE802154_LLSEC_DEVKEY_IGNORE, IEEE802154_LLSEC_DEVKEY_RESTRICT, IEEE802154_LLSEC_DEVKEY_RECORD, __IEEE802154_LLSEC_DEVKEY_MAX, }; #define IEEE802154_MAC_SCAN_ED 0 #define IEEE802154_MAC_SCAN_ACTIVE 1 #define IEEE802154_MAC_SCAN_PASSIVE 2 #define IEEE802154_MAC_SCAN_ORPHAN 3 struct ieee802154_mac_params { s8 transmit_power; u8 min_be; u8 max_be; u8 csma_retries; s8 frame_retries; bool lbt; struct wpan_phy_cca cca; s32 cca_ed_level; }; struct wpan_phy; enum { IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_ENABLED = BIT(0), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_FRAME_COUNTER = BIT(1), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_OUT_LEVEL = BIT(2), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_OUT_KEY = BIT(3), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_KEY_SOURCE = BIT(4), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_PAN_ID = BIT(5), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_HWADDR = BIT(6), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_COORD_HWADDR = BIT(7), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_COORD_SHORTADDR = BIT(8), }; struct ieee802154_llsec_ops { int (*get_params)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_llsec_params *params); int (*set_params)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_params *params, int changed); int (*add_key)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id *id, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key *key); int (*del_key)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id *id); int (*add_dev)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device *llsec_dev); int (*del_dev)(struct net_device *dev, __le64 dev_addr); int (*add_devkey)(struct net_device *dev, __le64 device_addr, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device_key *key); int (*del_devkey)(struct net_device *dev, __le64 device_addr, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device_key *key); int (*add_seclevel)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_seclevel *sl); int (*del_seclevel)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_seclevel *sl); void (*lock_table)(struct net_device *dev); void (*get_table)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_llsec_table **t); void (*unlock_table)(struct net_device *dev); }; /* * This should be located at net_device->ml_priv * * get_phy should increment the reference counting on returned phy. * Use wpan_wpy_put to put that reference. */ struct ieee802154_mlme_ops { /* The following fields are optional (can be NULL). */ int (*assoc_req)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_addr *addr, u8 channel, u8 page, u8 cap); int (*assoc_resp)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_addr *addr, __le16 short_addr, u8 status); int (*disassoc_req)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_addr *addr, u8 reason); int (*start_req)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_addr *addr, u8 channel, u8 page, u8 bcn_ord, u8 sf_ord, u8 pan_coord, u8 blx, u8 coord_realign); int (*scan_req)(struct net_device *dev, u8 type, u32 channels, u8 page, u8 duration); int (*set_mac_params)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_mac_params *params); void (*get_mac_params)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_mac_params *params); const struct ieee802154_llsec_ops *llsec; }; static inline struct ieee802154_mlme_ops * ieee802154_mlme_ops(const struct net_device *dev) { return dev->ml_priv; } #endif
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3396 3397 3398 3399 3400 3401 3402 3403 3404 3405 3406 3407 3408 3409 3410 3411 3412 3413 3414 3415 3416 3417 3418 3419 3420 3421 3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 3484 3485 3486 3487 3488 3489 3490 3491 3492 3493 3494 3495 3496 3497 3498 3499 3500 3501 3502 3503 3504 3505 3506 3507 3508 3509 3510 3511 3512 3513 3514 3515 3516 3517 3518 3519 3520 3521 3522 3523 3524 3525 3526 3527 3528 3529 3530 3531 3532 3533 3534 3535 3536 3537 3538 3539 3540 3541 3542 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/lib/vsprintf.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ /* vsprintf.c -- Lars Wirzenius & Linus Torvalds. */ /* * Wirzenius wrote this portably, Torvalds fucked it up :-) */ /* * Fri Jul 13 2001 Crutcher Dunnavant <crutcher+kernel@datastacks.com> * - changed to provide snprintf and vsnprintf functions * So Feb 1 16:51:32 CET 2004 Juergen Quade <quade@hsnr.de> * - scnprintf and vscnprintf */ #include <stdarg.h> #include <linux/build_bug.h> #include <linux/clk.h> #include <linux/clk-provider.h> #include <linux/errname.h> #include <linux/module.h> /* for KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/math64.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/ioport.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/rtc.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #include <linux/of.h> #include <net/addrconf.h> #include <linux/siphash.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/property.h> #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK #include <linux/blkdev.h> #endif #include "../mm/internal.h" /* For the trace_print_flags arrays */ #include <asm/page.h> /* for PAGE_SIZE */ #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* cpu_to_le16 */ #include <linux/string_helpers.h> #include "kstrtox.h" static unsigned long long simple_strntoull(const char *startp, size_t max_chars, char **endp, unsigned int base) { const char *cp; unsigned long long result = 0ULL; size_t prefix_chars; unsigned int rv; cp = _parse_integer_fixup_radix(startp, &base); prefix_chars = cp - startp; if (prefix_chars < max_chars) { rv = _parse_integer_limit(cp, base, &result, max_chars - prefix_chars); /* FIXME */ cp += (rv & ~KSTRTOX_OVERFLOW); } else { /* Field too short for prefix + digit, skip over without converting */ cp = startp + max_chars; } if (endp) *endp = (char *)cp; return result; } /** * simple_strtoull - convert a string to an unsigned long long * @cp: The start of the string * @endp: A pointer to the end of the parsed string will be placed here * @base: The number base to use * * This function has caveats. Please use kstrtoull instead. */ unsigned long long simple_strtoull(const char *cp, char **endp, unsigned int base) { return simple_strntoull(cp, INT_MAX, endp, base); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_strtoull); /** * simple_strtoul - convert a string to an unsigned long * @cp: The start of the string * @endp: A pointer to the end of the parsed string will be placed here * @base: The number base to use * * This function has caveats. Please use kstrtoul instead. */ unsigned long simple_strtoul(const char *cp, char **endp, unsigned int base) { return simple_strtoull(cp, endp, base); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_strtoul); /** * simple_strtol - convert a string to a signed long * @cp: The start of the string * @endp: A pointer to the end of the parsed string will be placed here * @base: The number base to use * * This function has caveats. Please use kstrtol instead. */ long simple_strtol(const char *cp, char **endp, unsigned int base) { if (*cp == '-') return -simple_strtoul(cp + 1, endp, base); return simple_strtoul(cp, endp, base); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_strtol); static long long simple_strntoll(const char *cp, size_t max_chars, char **endp, unsigned int base) { /* * simple_strntoull() safely handles receiving max_chars==0 in the * case cp[0] == '-' && max_chars == 1. * If max_chars == 0 we can drop through and pass it to simple_strntoull() * and the content of *cp is irrelevant. */ if (*cp == '-' && max_chars > 0) return -simple_strntoull(cp + 1, max_chars - 1, endp, base); return simple_strntoull(cp, max_chars, endp, base); } /** * simple_strtoll - convert a string to a signed long long * @cp: The start of the string * @endp: A pointer to the end of the parsed string will be placed here * @base: The number base to use * * This function has caveats. Please use kstrtoll instead. */ long long simple_strtoll(const char *cp, char **endp, unsigned int base) { return simple_strntoll(cp, INT_MAX, endp, base); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(simple_strtoll); static noinline_for_stack int skip_atoi(const char **s) { int i = 0; do { i = i*10 + *((*s)++) - '0'; } while (isdigit(**s)); return i; } /* * Decimal conversion is by far the most typical, and is used for * /proc and /sys data. This directly impacts e.g. top performance * with many processes running. We optimize it for speed by emitting * two characters at a time, using a 200 byte lookup table. This * roughly halves the number of multiplications compared to computing * the digits one at a time. Implementation strongly inspired by the * previous version, which in turn used ideas described at * <http://www.cs.uiowa.edu/~jones/bcd/divide.html> (with permission * from the author, Douglas W. Jones). * * It turns out there is precisely one 26 bit fixed-point * approximation a of 64/100 for which x/100 == (x * (u64)a) >> 32 * holds for all x in [0, 10^8-1], namely a = 0x28f5c29. The actual * range happens to be somewhat larger (x <= 1073741898), but that's * irrelevant for our purpose. * * For dividing a number in the range [10^4, 10^6-1] by 100, we still * need a 32x32->64 bit multiply, so we simply use the same constant. * * For dividing a number in the range [100, 10^4-1] by 100, there are * several options. The simplest is (x * 0x147b) >> 19, which is valid * for all x <= 43698. */ static const u16 decpair[100] = { #define _(x) (__force u16) cpu_to_le16(((x % 10) | ((x / 10) << 8)) + 0x3030) _( 0), _( 1), _( 2), _( 3), _( 4), _( 5), _( 6), _( 7), _( 8), _( 9), _(10), _(11), _(12), _(13), _(14), _(15), _(16), _(17), _(18), _(19), _(20), _(21), _(22), _(23), _(24), _(25), _(26), _(27), _(28), _(29), _(30), _(31), _(32), _(33), _(34), _(35), _(36), _(37), _(38), _(39), _(40), _(41), _(42), _(43), _(44), _(45), _(46), _(47), _(48), _(49), _(50), _(51), _(52), _(53), _(54), _(55), _(56), _(57), _(58), _(59), _(60), _(61), _(62), _(63), _(64), _(65), _(66), _(67), _(68), _(69), _(70), _(71), _(72), _(73), _(74), _(75), _(76), _(77), _(78), _(79), _(80), _(81), _(82), _(83), _(84), _(85), _(86), _(87), _(88), _(89), _(90), _(91), _(92), _(93), _(94), _(95), _(96), _(97), _(98), _(99), #undef _ }; /* * This will print a single '0' even if r == 0, since we would * immediately jump to out_r where two 0s would be written but only * one of them accounted for in buf. This is needed by ip4_string * below. All other callers pass a non-zero value of r. */ static noinline_for_stack char *put_dec_trunc8(char *buf, unsigned r) { unsigned q; /* 1 <= r < 10^8 */ if (r < 100) goto out_r; /* 100 <= r < 10^8 */ q = (r * (u64)0x28f5c29) >> 32; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r - 100*q]; buf += 2; /* 1 <= q < 10^6 */ if (q < 100) goto out_q; /* 100 <= q < 10^6 */ r = (q * (u64)0x28f5c29) >> 32; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[q - 100*r]; buf += 2; /* 1 <= r < 10^4 */ if (r < 100) goto out_r; /* 100 <= r < 10^4 */ q = (r * 0x147b) >> 19; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r - 100*q]; buf += 2; out_q: /* 1 <= q < 100 */ r = q; out_r: /* 1 <= r < 100 */ *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r]; buf += r < 10 ? 1 : 2; return buf; } #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 && BITS_PER_LONG_LONG == 64 static noinline_for_stack char *put_dec_full8(char *buf, unsigned r) { unsigned q; /* 0 <= r < 10^8 */ q = (r * (u64)0x28f5c29) >> 32; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r - 100*q]; buf += 2; /* 0 <= q < 10^6 */ r = (q * (u64)0x28f5c29) >> 32; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[q - 100*r]; buf += 2; /* 0 <= r < 10^4 */ q = (r * 0x147b) >> 19; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r - 100*q]; buf += 2; /* 0 <= q < 100 */ *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[q]; buf += 2; return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *put_dec(char *buf, unsigned long long n) { if (n >= 100*1000*1000) buf = put_dec_full8(buf, do_div(n, 100*1000*1000)); /* 1 <= n <= 1.6e11 */ if (n >= 100*1000*1000) buf = put_dec_full8(buf, do_div(n, 100*1000*1000)); /* 1 <= n < 1e8 */ return put_dec_trunc8(buf, n); } #elif BITS_PER_LONG == 32 && BITS_PER_LONG_LONG == 64 static void put_dec_full4(char *buf, unsigned r) { unsigned q; /* 0 <= r < 10^4 */ q = (r * 0x147b) >> 19; *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[r - 100*q]; buf += 2; /* 0 <= q < 100 */ *((u16 *)buf) = decpair[q]; } /* * Call put_dec_full4 on x % 10000, return x / 10000. * The approximation x/10000 == (x * 0x346DC5D7) >> 43 * holds for all x < 1,128,869,999. The largest value this * helper will ever be asked to convert is 1,125,520,955. * (second call in the put_dec code, assuming n is all-ones). */ static noinline_for_stack unsigned put_dec_helper4(char *buf, unsigned x) { uint32_t q = (x * (uint64_t)0x346DC5D7) >> 43; put_dec_full4(buf, x - q * 10000); return q; } /* Based on code by Douglas W. Jones found at * <http://www.cs.uiowa.edu/~jones/bcd/decimal.html#sixtyfour> * (with permission from the author). * Performs no 64-bit division and hence should be fast on 32-bit machines. */ static char *put_dec(char *buf, unsigned long long n) { uint32_t d3, d2, d1, q, h; if (n < 100*1000*1000) return put_dec_trunc8(buf, n); d1 = ((uint32_t)n >> 16); /* implicit "& 0xffff" */ h = (n >> 32); d2 = (h ) & 0xffff; d3 = (h >> 16); /* implicit "& 0xffff" */ /* n = 2^48 d3 + 2^32 d2 + 2^16 d1 + d0 = 281_4749_7671_0656 d3 + 42_9496_7296 d2 + 6_5536 d1 + d0 */ q = 656 * d3 + 7296 * d2 + 5536 * d1 + ((uint32_t)n & 0xffff); q = put_dec_helper4(buf, q); q += 7671 * d3 + 9496 * d2 + 6 * d1; q = put_dec_helper4(buf+4, q); q += 4749 * d3 + 42 * d2; q = put_dec_helper4(buf+8, q); q += 281 * d3; buf += 12; if (q) buf = put_dec_trunc8(buf, q); else while (buf[-1] == '0') --buf; return buf; } #endif /* * Convert passed number to decimal string. * Returns the length of string. On buffer overflow, returns 0. * * If speed is not important, use snprintf(). It's easy to read the code. */ int num_to_str(char *buf, int size, unsigned long long num, unsigned int width) { /* put_dec requires 2-byte alignment of the buffer. */ char tmp[sizeof(num) * 3] __aligned(2); int idx, len; /* put_dec() may work incorrectly for num = 0 (generate "", not "0") */ if (num <= 9) { tmp[0] = '0' + num; len = 1; } else { len = put_dec(tmp, num) - tmp; } if (len > size || width > size) return 0; if (width > len) { width = width - len; for (idx = 0; idx < width; idx++) buf[idx] = ' '; } else { width = 0; } for (idx = 0; idx < len; ++idx) buf[idx + width] = tmp[len - idx - 1]; return len + width; } #define SIGN 1 /* unsigned/signed, must be 1 */ #define LEFT 2 /* left justified */ #define PLUS 4 /* show plus */ #define SPACE 8 /* space if plus */ #define ZEROPAD 16 /* pad with zero, must be 16 == '0' - ' ' */ #define SMALL 32 /* use lowercase in hex (must be 32 == 0x20) */ #define SPECIAL 64 /* prefix hex with "0x", octal with "0" */ static_assert(ZEROPAD == ('0' - ' ')); static_assert(SMALL == ' '); enum format_type { FORMAT_TYPE_NONE, /* Just a string part */ FORMAT_TYPE_WIDTH, FORMAT_TYPE_PRECISION, FORMAT_TYPE_CHAR, FORMAT_TYPE_STR, FORMAT_TYPE_PTR, FORMAT_TYPE_PERCENT_CHAR, FORMAT_TYPE_INVALID, FORMAT_TYPE_LONG_LONG, FORMAT_TYPE_ULONG, FORMAT_TYPE_LONG, FORMAT_TYPE_UBYTE, FORMAT_TYPE_BYTE, FORMAT_TYPE_USHORT, FORMAT_TYPE_SHORT, FORMAT_TYPE_UINT, FORMAT_TYPE_INT, FORMAT_TYPE_SIZE_T, FORMAT_TYPE_PTRDIFF }; struct printf_spec { unsigned int type:8; /* format_type enum */ signed int field_width:24; /* width of output field */ unsigned int flags:8; /* flags to number() */ unsigned int base:8; /* number base, 8, 10 or 16 only */ signed int precision:16; /* # of digits/chars */ } __packed; static_assert(sizeof(struct printf_spec) == 8); #define FIELD_WIDTH_MAX ((1 << 23) - 1) #define PRECISION_MAX ((1 << 15) - 1) static noinline_for_stack char *number(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long long num, struct printf_spec spec) { /* put_dec requires 2-byte alignment of the buffer. */ char tmp[3 * sizeof(num)] __aligned(2); char sign; char locase; int need_pfx = ((spec.flags & SPECIAL) && spec.base != 10); int i; bool is_zero = num == 0LL; int field_width = spec.field_width; int precision = spec.precision; /* locase = 0 or 0x20. ORing digits or letters with 'locase' * produces same digits or (maybe lowercased) letters */ locase = (spec.flags & SMALL); if (spec.flags & LEFT) spec.flags &= ~ZEROPAD; sign = 0; if (spec.flags & SIGN) { if ((signed long long)num < 0) { sign = '-'; num = -(signed long long)num; field_width--; } else if (spec.flags & PLUS) { sign = '+'; field_width--; } else if (spec.flags & SPACE) { sign = ' '; field_width--; } } if (need_pfx) { if (spec.base == 16) field_width -= 2; else if (!is_zero) field_width--; } /* generate full string in tmp[], in reverse order */ i = 0; if (num < spec.base) tmp[i++] = hex_asc_upper[num] | locase; else if (spec.base != 10) { /* 8 or 16 */ int mask = spec.base - 1; int shift = 3; if (spec.base == 16) shift = 4; do { tmp[i++] = (hex_asc_upper[((unsigned char)num) & mask] | locase); num >>= shift; } while (num); } else { /* base 10 */ i = put_dec(tmp, num) - tmp; } /* printing 100 using %2d gives "100", not "00" */ if (i > precision) precision = i; /* leading space padding */ field_width -= precision; if (!(spec.flags & (ZEROPAD | LEFT))) { while (--field_width >= 0) { if (buf < end) *buf = ' '; ++buf; } } /* sign */ if (sign) { if (buf < end) *buf = sign; ++buf; } /* "0x" / "0" prefix */ if (need_pfx) { if (spec.base == 16 || !is_zero) { if (buf < end) *buf = '0'; ++buf; } if (spec.base == 16) { if (buf < end) *buf = ('X' | locase); ++buf; } } /* zero or space padding */ if (!(spec.flags & LEFT)) { char c = ' ' + (spec.flags & ZEROPAD); while (--field_width >= 0) { if (buf < end) *buf = c; ++buf; } } /* hmm even more zero padding? */ while (i <= --precision) { if (buf < end) *buf = '0'; ++buf; } /* actual digits of result */ while (--i >= 0) { if (buf < end) *buf = tmp[i]; ++buf; } /* trailing space padding */ while (--field_width >= 0) { if (buf < end) *buf = ' '; ++buf; } return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *special_hex_number(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long long num, int size) { struct printf_spec spec; spec.type = FORMAT_TYPE_PTR; spec.field_width = 2 + 2 * size; /* 0x + hex */ spec.flags = SPECIAL | SMALL | ZEROPAD; spec.base = 16; spec.precision = -1; return number(buf, end, num, spec); } static void move_right(char *buf, char *end, unsigned len, unsigned spaces) { size_t size; if (buf >= end) /* nowhere to put anything */ return; size = end - buf; if (size <= spaces) { memset(buf, ' ', size); return; } if (len) { if (len > size - spaces) len = size - spaces; memmove(buf + spaces, buf, len); } memset(buf, ' ', spaces); } /* * Handle field width padding for a string. * @buf: current buffer position * @n: length of string * @end: end of output buffer * @spec: for field width and flags * Returns: new buffer position after padding. */ static noinline_for_stack char *widen_string(char *buf, int n, char *end, struct printf_spec spec) { unsigned spaces; if (likely(n >= spec.field_width)) return buf; /* we want to pad the sucker */ spaces = spec.field_width - n; if (!(spec.flags & LEFT)) { move_right(buf - n, end, n, spaces); return buf + spaces; } while (spaces--) { if (buf < end) *buf = ' '; ++buf; } return buf; } /* Handle string from a well known address. */ static char *string_nocheck(char *buf, char *end, const char *s, struct printf_spec spec) { int len = 0; int lim = spec.precision; while (lim--) { char c = *s++; if (!c) break; if (buf < end) *buf = c; ++buf; ++len; } return widen_string(buf, len, end, spec); } static char *err_ptr(char *buf, char *end, void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { int err = PTR_ERR(ptr); const char *sym = errname(err); if (sym) return string_nocheck(buf, end, sym, spec); /* * Somebody passed ERR_PTR(-1234) or some other non-existing * Efoo - or perhaps CONFIG_SYMBOLIC_ERRNAME=n. Fall back to * printing it as its decimal representation. */ spec.flags |= SIGN; spec.base = 10; return number(buf, end, err, spec); } /* Be careful: error messages must fit into the given buffer. */ static char *error_string(char *buf, char *end, const char *s, struct printf_spec spec) { /* * Hard limit to avoid a completely insane messages. It actually * works pretty well because most error messages are in * the many pointer format modifiers. */ if (spec.precision == -1) spec.precision = 2 * sizeof(void *); return string_nocheck(buf, end, s, spec); } /* * Do not call any complex external code here. Nested printk()/vsprintf() * might cause infinite loops. Failures might break printk() and would * be hard to debug. */ static const char *check_pointer_msg(const void *ptr) { if (!ptr) return "(null)"; if ((unsigned long)ptr < PAGE_SIZE || IS_ERR_VALUE(ptr)) return "(efault)"; return NULL; } static int check_pointer(char **buf, char *end, const void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { const char *err_msg; err_msg = check_pointer_msg(ptr); if (err_msg) { *buf = error_string(*buf, end, err_msg, spec); return -EFAULT; } return 0; } static noinline_for_stack char *string(char *buf, char *end, const char *s, struct printf_spec spec) { if (check_pointer(&buf, end, s, spec)) return buf; return string_nocheck(buf, end, s, spec); } static char *pointer_string(char *buf, char *end, const void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { spec.base = 16; spec.flags |= SMALL; if (spec.field_width == -1) { spec.field_width = 2 * sizeof(ptr); spec.flags |= ZEROPAD; } return number(buf, end, (unsigned long int)ptr, spec); } /* Make pointers available for printing early in the boot sequence. */ static int debug_boot_weak_hash __ro_after_init; static int __init debug_boot_weak_hash_enable(char *str) { debug_boot_weak_hash = 1; pr_info("debug_boot_weak_hash enabled\n"); return 0; } early_param("debug_boot_weak_hash", debug_boot_weak_hash_enable); static DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(not_filled_random_ptr_key); static siphash_key_t ptr_key __read_mostly; static void enable_ptr_key_workfn(struct work_struct *work) { get_random_bytes(&ptr_key, sizeof(ptr_key)); /* Needs to run from preemptible context */ static_branch_disable(&not_filled_random_ptr_key); } static DECLARE_WORK(enable_ptr_key_work, enable_ptr_key_workfn); static void fill_random_ptr_key(struct random_ready_callback *unused) { /* This may be in an interrupt handler. */ queue_work(system_unbound_wq, &enable_ptr_key_work); } static struct random_ready_callback random_ready = { .func = fill_random_ptr_key }; static int __init initialize_ptr_random(void) { int key_size = sizeof(ptr_key); int ret; /* Use hw RNG if available. */ if (get_random_bytes_arch(&ptr_key, key_size) == key_size) { static_branch_disable(&not_filled_random_ptr_key); return 0; } ret = add_random_ready_callback(&random_ready); if (!ret) { return 0; } else if (ret == -EALREADY) { /* This is in preemptible context */ enable_ptr_key_workfn(&enable_ptr_key_work); return 0; } return ret; } early_initcall(initialize_ptr_random); /* Maps a pointer to a 32 bit unique identifier. */ static inline int __ptr_to_hashval(const void *ptr, unsigned long *hashval_out) { unsigned long hashval; if (static_branch_unlikely(&not_filled_random_ptr_key)) return -EAGAIN; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT hashval = (unsigned long)siphash_1u64((u64)ptr, &ptr_key); /* * Mask off the first 32 bits, this makes explicit that we have * modified the address (and 32 bits is plenty for a unique ID). */ hashval = hashval & 0xffffffff; #else hashval = (unsigned long)siphash_1u32((u32)ptr, &ptr_key); #endif *hashval_out = hashval; return 0; } int ptr_to_hashval(const void *ptr, unsigned long *hashval_out) { return __ptr_to_hashval(ptr, hashval_out); } static char *ptr_to_id(char *buf, char *end, const void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { const char *str = sizeof(ptr) == 8 ? "(____ptrval____)" : "(ptrval)"; unsigned long hashval; int ret; /* * Print the real pointer value for NULL and error pointers, * as they are not actual addresses. */ if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(ptr)) return pointer_string(buf, end, ptr, spec); /* When debugging early boot use non-cryptographically secure hash. */ if (unlikely(debug_boot_weak_hash)) { hashval = hash_long((unsigned long)ptr, 32); return pointer_string(buf, end, (const void *)hashval, spec); } ret = __ptr_to_hashval(ptr, &hashval); if (ret) { spec.field_width = 2 * sizeof(ptr); /* string length must be less than default_width */ return error_string(buf, end, str, spec); } return pointer_string(buf, end, (const void *)hashval, spec); } int kptr_restrict __read_mostly; static noinline_for_stack char *restricted_pointer(char *buf, char *end, const void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { switch (kptr_restrict) { case 0: /* Handle as %p, hash and do _not_ leak addresses. */ return ptr_to_id(buf, end, ptr, spec); case 1: { const struct cred *cred; /* * kptr_restrict==1 cannot be used in IRQ context * because its test for CAP_SYSLOG would be meaningless. */ if (in_irq() || in_serving_softirq() || in_nmi()) { if (spec.field_width == -1) spec.field_width = 2 * sizeof(ptr); return error_string(buf, end, "pK-error", spec); } /* * Only print the real pointer value if the current * process has CAP_SYSLOG and is running with the * same credentials it started with. This is because * access to files is checked at open() time, but %pK * checks permission at read() time. We don't want to * leak pointer values if a binary opens a file using * %pK and then elevates privileges before reading it. */ cred = current_cred(); if (!has_capability_noaudit(current, CAP_SYSLOG) || !uid_eq(cred->euid, cred->uid) || !gid_eq(cred->egid, cred->gid)) ptr = NULL; break; } case 2: default: /* Always print 0's for %pK */ ptr = NULL; break; } return pointer_string(buf, end, ptr, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *dentry_name(char *buf, char *end, const struct dentry *d, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { const char *array[4], *s; const struct dentry *p; int depth; int i, n; switch (fmt[1]) { case '2': case '3': case '4': depth = fmt[1] - '0'; break; default: depth = 1; } rcu_read_lock(); for (i = 0; i < depth; i++, d = p) { if (check_pointer(&buf, end, d, spec)) { rcu_read_unlock(); return buf; } p = READ_ONCE(d->d_parent); array[i] = READ_ONCE(d->d_name.name); if (p == d) { if (i) array[i] = ""; i++; break; } } s = array[--i]; for (n = 0; n != spec.precision; n++, buf++) { char c = *s++; if (!c) { if (!i) break; c = '/'; s = array[--i]; } if (buf < end) *buf = c; } rcu_read_unlock(); return widen_string(buf, n, end, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *file_dentry_name(char *buf, char *end, const struct file *f, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { if (check_pointer(&buf, end, f, spec)) return buf; return dentry_name(buf, end, f->f_path.dentry, spec, fmt); } #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK static noinline_for_stack char *bdev_name(char *buf, char *end, struct block_device *bdev, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { struct gendisk *hd; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, bdev, spec)) return buf; hd = bdev->bd_disk; buf = string(buf, end, hd->disk_name, spec); if (bdev->bd_partno) { if (isdigit(hd->disk_name[strlen(hd->disk_name)-1])) { if (buf < end) *buf = 'p'; buf++; } buf = number(buf, end, bdev->bd_partno, spec); } return buf; } #endif static noinline_for_stack char *symbol_string(char *buf, char *end, void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { unsigned long value; #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS char sym[KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN]; #endif if (fmt[1] == 'R') ptr = __builtin_extract_return_addr(ptr); value = (unsigned long)ptr; #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS if (*fmt == 'B') sprint_backtrace(sym, value); else if (*fmt != 's') sprint_symbol(sym, value); else sprint_symbol_no_offset(sym, value); return string_nocheck(buf, end, sym, spec); #else return special_hex_number(buf, end, value, sizeof(void *)); #endif } static const struct printf_spec default_str_spec = { .field_width = -1, .precision = -1, }; static const struct printf_spec default_flag_spec = { .base = 16, .precision = -1, .flags = SPECIAL | SMALL, }; static const struct printf_spec default_dec_spec = { .base = 10, .precision = -1, }; static const struct printf_spec default_dec02_spec = { .base = 10, .field_width = 2, .precision = -1, .flags = ZEROPAD, }; static const struct printf_spec default_dec04_spec = { .base = 10, .field_width = 4, .precision = -1, .flags = ZEROPAD, }; static noinline_for_stack char *resource_string(char *buf, char *end, struct resource *res, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { #ifndef IO_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE #define IO_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE 6 #endif #ifndef MEM_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE #define MEM_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE 10 #endif static const struct printf_spec io_spec = { .base = 16, .field_width = IO_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE, .precision = -1, .flags = SPECIAL | SMALL | ZEROPAD, }; static const struct printf_spec mem_spec = { .base = 16, .field_width = MEM_RSRC_PRINTK_SIZE, .precision = -1, .flags = SPECIAL | SMALL | ZEROPAD, }; static const struct printf_spec bus_spec = { .base = 16, .field_width = 2, .precision = -1, .flags = SMALL | ZEROPAD, }; static const struct printf_spec str_spec = { .field_width = -1, .precision = 10, .flags = LEFT, }; /* 32-bit res (sizeof==4): 10 chars in dec, 10 in hex ("0x" + 8) * 64-bit res (sizeof==8): 20 chars in dec, 18 in hex ("0x" + 16) */ #define RSRC_BUF_SIZE ((2 * sizeof(resource_size_t)) + 4) #define FLAG_BUF_SIZE (2 * sizeof(res->flags)) #define DECODED_BUF_SIZE sizeof("[mem - 64bit pref window disabled]") #define RAW_BUF_SIZE sizeof("[mem - flags 0x]") char sym[max(2*RSRC_BUF_SIZE + DECODED_BUF_SIZE, 2*RSRC_BUF_SIZE + FLAG_BUF_SIZE + RAW_BUF_SIZE)]; char *p = sym, *pend = sym + sizeof(sym); int decode = (fmt[0] == 'R') ? 1 : 0; const struct printf_spec *specp; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, res, spec)) return buf; *p++ = '['; if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_IO) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "io ", str_spec); specp = &io_spec; } else if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_MEM) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "mem ", str_spec); specp = &mem_spec; } else if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_IRQ) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "irq ", str_spec); specp = &default_dec_spec; } else if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_DMA) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "dma ", str_spec); specp = &default_dec_spec; } else if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_BUS) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "bus ", str_spec); specp = &bus_spec; } else { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "??? ", str_spec); specp = &mem_spec; decode = 0; } if (decode && res->flags & IORESOURCE_UNSET) { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, "size ", str_spec); p = number(p, pend, resource_size(res), *specp); } else { p = number(p, pend, res->start, *specp); if (res->start != res->end) { *p++ = '-'; p = number(p, pend, res->end, *specp); } } if (decode) { if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_MEM_64) p = string_nocheck(p, pend, " 64bit", str_spec); if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_PREFETCH) p = string_nocheck(p, pend, " pref", str_spec); if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_WINDOW) p = string_nocheck(p, pend, " window", str_spec); if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_DISABLED) p = string_nocheck(p, pend, " disabled", str_spec); } else { p = string_nocheck(p, pend, " flags ", str_spec); p = number(p, pend, res->flags, default_flag_spec); } *p++ = ']'; *p = '\0'; return string_nocheck(buf, end, sym, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *hex_string(char *buf, char *end, u8 *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { int i, len = 1; /* if we pass '%ph[CDN]', field width remains negative value, fallback to the default */ char separator; if (spec.field_width == 0) /* nothing to print */ return buf; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, addr, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[1]) { case 'C': separator = ':'; break; case 'D': separator = '-'; break; case 'N': separator = 0; break; default: separator = ' '; break; } if (spec.field_width > 0) len = min_t(int, spec.field_width, 64); for (i = 0; i < len; ++i) { if (buf < end) *buf = hex_asc_hi(addr[i]); ++buf; if (buf < end) *buf = hex_asc_lo(addr[i]); ++buf; if (separator && i != len - 1) { if (buf < end) *buf = separator; ++buf; } } return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *bitmap_string(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long *bitmap, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { const int CHUNKSZ = 32; int nr_bits = max_t(int, spec.field_width, 0); int i, chunksz; bool first = true; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, bitmap, spec)) return buf; /* reused to print numbers */ spec = (struct printf_spec){ .flags = SMALL | ZEROPAD, .base = 16 }; chunksz = nr_bits & (CHUNKSZ - 1); if (chunksz == 0) chunksz = CHUNKSZ; i = ALIGN(nr_bits, CHUNKSZ) - CHUNKSZ; for (; i >= 0; i -= CHUNKSZ) { u32 chunkmask, val; int word, bit; chunkmask = ((1ULL << chunksz) - 1); word = i / BITS_PER_LONG; bit = i % BITS_PER_LONG; val = (bitmap[word] >> bit) & chunkmask; if (!first) { if (buf < end) *buf = ','; buf++; } first = false; spec.field_width = DIV_ROUND_UP(chunksz, 4); buf = number(buf, end, val, spec); chunksz = CHUNKSZ; } return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *bitmap_list_string(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long *bitmap, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { int nr_bits = max_t(int, spec.field_width, 0); /* current bit is 'cur', most recently seen range is [rbot, rtop] */ int cur, rbot, rtop; bool first = true; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, bitmap, spec)) return buf; rbot = cur = find_first_bit(bitmap, nr_bits); while (cur < nr_bits) { rtop = cur; cur = find_next_bit(bitmap, nr_bits, cur + 1); if (cur < nr_bits && cur <= rtop + 1) continue; if (!first) { if (buf < end) *buf = ','; buf++; } first = false; buf = number(buf, end, rbot, default_dec_spec); if (rbot < rtop) { if (buf < end) *buf = '-'; buf++; buf = number(buf, end, rtop, default_dec_spec); } rbot = cur; } return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *mac_address_string(char *buf, char *end, u8 *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { char mac_addr[sizeof("xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx")]; char *p = mac_addr; int i; char separator; bool reversed = false; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, addr, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[1]) { case 'F': separator = '-'; break; case 'R': reversed = true; /* fall through */ default: separator = ':'; break; } for (i = 0; i < 6; i++) { if (reversed) p = hex_byte_pack(p, addr[5 - i]); else p = hex_byte_pack(p, addr[i]); if (fmt[0] == 'M' && i != 5) *p++ = separator; } *p = '\0'; return string_nocheck(buf, end, mac_addr, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *ip4_string(char *p, const u8 *addr, const char *fmt) { int i; bool leading_zeros = (fmt[0] == 'i'); int index; int step; switch (fmt[2]) { case 'h': #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN index = 0; step = 1; #else index = 3; step = -1; #endif break; case 'l': index = 3; step = -1; break; case 'n': case 'b': default: index = 0; step = 1; break; } for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) { char temp[4] __aligned(2); /* hold each IP quad in reverse order */ int digits = put_dec_trunc8(temp, addr[index]) - temp; if (leading_zeros) { if (digits < 3) *p++ = '0'; if (digits < 2) *p++ = '0'; } /* reverse the digits in the quad */ while (digits--) *p++ = temp[digits]; if (i < 3) *p++ = '.'; index += step; } *p = '\0'; return p; } static noinline_for_stack char *ip6_compressed_string(char *p, const char *addr) { int i, j, range; unsigned char zerolength[8]; int longest = 1; int colonpos = -1; u16 word; u8 hi, lo; bool needcolon = false; bool useIPv4; struct in6_addr in6; memcpy(&in6, addr, sizeof(struct in6_addr)); useIPv4 = ipv6_addr_v4mapped(&in6) || ipv6_addr_is_isatap(&in6); memset(zerolength, 0, sizeof(zerolength)); if (useIPv4) range = 6; else range = 8; /* find position of longest 0 run */ for (i = 0; i < range; i++) { for (j = i; j < range; j++) { if (in6.s6_addr16[j] != 0) break; zerolength[i]++; } } for (i = 0; i < range; i++) { if (zerolength[i] > longest) { longest = zerolength[i]; colonpos = i; } } if (longest == 1) /* don't compress a single 0 */ colonpos = -1; /* emit address */ for (i = 0; i < range; i++) { if (i == colonpos) { if (needcolon || i == 0) *p++ = ':'; *p++ = ':'; needcolon = false; i += longest - 1; continue; } if (needcolon) { *p++ = ':'; needcolon = false; } /* hex u16 without leading 0s */ word = ntohs(in6.s6_addr16[i]); hi = word >> 8; lo = word & 0xff; if (hi) { if (hi > 0x0f) p = hex_byte_pack(p, hi); else *p++ = hex_asc_lo(hi); p = hex_byte_pack(p, lo); } else if (lo > 0x0f) p = hex_byte_pack(p, lo); else *p++ = hex_asc_lo(lo); needcolon = true; } if (useIPv4) { if (needcolon) *p++ = ':'; p = ip4_string(p, &in6.s6_addr[12], "I4"); } *p = '\0'; return p; } static noinline_for_stack char *ip6_string(char *p, const char *addr, const char *fmt) { int i; for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) { p = hex_byte_pack(p, *addr++); p = hex_byte_pack(p, *addr++); if (fmt[0] == 'I' && i != 7) *p++ = ':'; } *p = '\0'; return p; } static noinline_for_stack char *ip6_addr_string(char *buf, char *end, const u8 *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { char ip6_addr[sizeof("xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:255.255.255.255")]; if (fmt[0] == 'I' && fmt[2] == 'c') ip6_compressed_string(ip6_addr, addr); else ip6_string(ip6_addr, addr, fmt); return string_nocheck(buf, end, ip6_addr, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *ip4_addr_string(char *buf, char *end, const u8 *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { char ip4_addr[sizeof("255.255.255.255")]; ip4_string(ip4_addr, addr, fmt); return string_nocheck(buf, end, ip4_addr, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *ip6_addr_string_sa(char *buf, char *end, const struct sockaddr_in6 *sa, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { bool have_p = false, have_s = false, have_f = false, have_c = false; char ip6_addr[sizeof("[xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:255.255.255.255]") + sizeof(":12345") + sizeof("/123456789") + sizeof("%1234567890")]; char *p = ip6_addr, *pend = ip6_addr + sizeof(ip6_addr); const u8 *addr = (const u8 *) &sa->sin6_addr; char fmt6[2] = { fmt[0], '6' }; u8 off = 0; fmt++; while (isalpha(*++fmt)) { switch (*fmt) { case 'p': have_p = true; break; case 'f': have_f = true; break; case 's': have_s = true; break; case 'c': have_c = true; break; } } if (have_p || have_s || have_f) { *p = '['; off = 1; } if (fmt6[0] == 'I' && have_c) p = ip6_compressed_string(ip6_addr + off, addr); else p = ip6_string(ip6_addr + off, addr, fmt6); if (have_p || have_s || have_f) *p++ = ']'; if (have_p) { *p++ = ':'; p = number(p, pend, ntohs(sa->sin6_port), spec); } if (have_f) { *p++ = '/'; p = number(p, pend, ntohl(sa->sin6_flowinfo & IPV6_FLOWINFO_MASK), spec); } if (have_s) { *p++ = '%'; p = number(p, pend, sa->sin6_scope_id, spec); } *p = '\0'; return string_nocheck(buf, end, ip6_addr, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *ip4_addr_string_sa(char *buf, char *end, const struct sockaddr_in *sa, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { bool have_p = false; char *p, ip4_addr[sizeof("255.255.255.255") + sizeof(":12345")]; char *pend = ip4_addr + sizeof(ip4_addr); const u8 *addr = (const u8 *) &sa->sin_addr.s_addr; char fmt4[3] = { fmt[0], '4', 0 }; fmt++; while (isalpha(*++fmt)) { switch (*fmt) { case 'p': have_p = true; break; case 'h': case 'l': case 'n': case 'b': fmt4[2] = *fmt; break; } } p = ip4_string(ip4_addr, addr, fmt4); if (have_p) { *p++ = ':'; p = number(p, pend, ntohs(sa->sin_port), spec); } *p = '\0'; return string_nocheck(buf, end, ip4_addr, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *ip_addr_string(char *buf, char *end, const void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { char *err_fmt_msg; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, ptr, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[1]) { case '6': return ip6_addr_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case '4': return ip4_addr_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'S': { const union { struct sockaddr raw; struct sockaddr_in v4; struct sockaddr_in6 v6; } *sa = ptr; switch (sa->raw.sa_family) { case AF_INET: return ip4_addr_string_sa(buf, end, &sa->v4, spec, fmt); case AF_INET6: return ip6_addr_string_sa(buf, end, &sa->v6, spec, fmt); default: return error_string(buf, end, "(einval)", spec); }} } err_fmt_msg = fmt[0] == 'i' ? "(%pi?)" : "(%pI?)"; return error_string(buf, end, err_fmt_msg, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *escaped_string(char *buf, char *end, u8 *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { bool found = true; int count = 1; unsigned int flags = 0; int len; if (spec.field_width == 0) return buf; /* nothing to print */ if (check_pointer(&buf, end, addr, spec)) return buf; do { switch (fmt[count++]) { case 'a': flags |= ESCAPE_ANY; break; case 'c': flags |= ESCAPE_SPECIAL; break; case 'h': flags |= ESCAPE_HEX; break; case 'n': flags |= ESCAPE_NULL; break; case 'o': flags |= ESCAPE_OCTAL; break; case 'p': flags |= ESCAPE_NP; break; case 's': flags |= ESCAPE_SPACE; break; default: found = false; break; } } while (found); if (!flags) flags = ESCAPE_ANY_NP; len = spec.field_width < 0 ? 1 : spec.field_width; /* * string_escape_mem() writes as many characters as it can to * the given buffer, and returns the total size of the output * had the buffer been big enough. */ buf += string_escape_mem(addr, len, buf, buf < end ? end - buf : 0, flags, NULL); return buf; } static char *va_format(char *buf, char *end, struct va_format *va_fmt, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { va_list va; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, va_fmt, spec)) return buf; va_copy(va, *va_fmt->va); buf += vsnprintf(buf, end > buf ? end - buf : 0, va_fmt->fmt, va); va_end(va); return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *uuid_string(char *buf, char *end, const u8 *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { char uuid[UUID_STRING_LEN + 1]; char *p = uuid; int i; const u8 *index = uuid_index; bool uc = false; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, addr, spec)) return buf; switch (*(++fmt)) { case 'L': uc = true; /* fall through */ case 'l': index = guid_index; break; case 'B': uc = true; break; } for (i = 0; i < 16; i++) { if (uc) p = hex_byte_pack_upper(p, addr[index[i]]); else p = hex_byte_pack(p, addr[index[i]]); switch (i) { case 3: case 5: case 7: case 9: *p++ = '-'; break; } } *p = 0; return string_nocheck(buf, end, uuid, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *netdev_bits(char *buf, char *end, const void *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { unsigned long long num; int size; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, addr, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[1]) { case 'F': num = *(const netdev_features_t *)addr; size = sizeof(netdev_features_t); break; default: return error_string(buf, end, "(%pN?)", spec); } return special_hex_number(buf, end, num, size); } static noinline_for_stack char *address_val(char *buf, char *end, const void *addr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { unsigned long long num; int size; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, addr, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[1]) { case 'd': num = *(const dma_addr_t *)addr; size = sizeof(dma_addr_t); break; case 'p': default: num = *(const phys_addr_t *)addr; size = sizeof(phys_addr_t); break; } return special_hex_number(buf, end, num, size); } static noinline_for_stack char *date_str(char *buf, char *end, const struct rtc_time *tm, bool r) { int year = tm->tm_year + (r ? 0 : 1900); int mon = tm->tm_mon + (r ? 0 : 1); buf = number(buf, end, year, default_dec04_spec); if (buf < end) *buf = '-'; buf++; buf = number(buf, end, mon, default_dec02_spec); if (buf < end) *buf = '-'; buf++; return number(buf, end, tm->tm_mday, default_dec02_spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *time_str(char *buf, char *end, const struct rtc_time *tm, bool r) { buf = number(buf, end, tm->tm_hour, default_dec02_spec); if (buf < end) *buf = ':'; buf++; buf = number(buf, end, tm->tm_min, default_dec02_spec); if (buf < end) *buf = ':'; buf++; return number(buf, end, tm->tm_sec, default_dec02_spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *rtc_str(char *buf, char *end, const struct rtc_time *tm, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { bool have_t = true, have_d = true; bool raw = false; int count = 2; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, tm, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[count]) { case 'd': have_t = false; count++; break; case 't': have_d = false; count++; break; } raw = fmt[count] == 'r'; if (have_d) buf = date_str(buf, end, tm, raw); if (have_d && have_t) { /* Respect ISO 8601 */ if (buf < end) *buf = 'T'; buf++; } if (have_t) buf = time_str(buf, end, tm, raw); return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *time64_str(char *buf, char *end, const time64_t time, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { struct rtc_time rtc_time; struct tm tm; time64_to_tm(time, 0, &tm); rtc_time.tm_sec = tm.tm_sec; rtc_time.tm_min = tm.tm_min; rtc_time.tm_hour = tm.tm_hour; rtc_time.tm_mday = tm.tm_mday; rtc_time.tm_mon = tm.tm_mon; rtc_time.tm_year = tm.tm_year; rtc_time.tm_wday = tm.tm_wday; rtc_time.tm_yday = tm.tm_yday; rtc_time.tm_isdst = 0; return rtc_str(buf, end, &rtc_time, spec, fmt); } static noinline_for_stack char *time_and_date(char *buf, char *end, void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { switch (fmt[1]) { case 'R': return rtc_str(buf, end, (const struct rtc_time *)ptr, spec, fmt); case 'T': return time64_str(buf, end, *(const time64_t *)ptr, spec, fmt); default: return error_string(buf, end, "(%pt?)", spec); } } static noinline_for_stack char *clock(char *buf, char *end, struct clk *clk, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_CLK)) return error_string(buf, end, "(%pC?)", spec); if (check_pointer(&buf, end, clk, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[1]) { case 'n': default: #ifdef CONFIG_COMMON_CLK return string(buf, end, __clk_get_name(clk), spec); #else return ptr_to_id(buf, end, clk, spec); #endif } } static char *format_flags(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long flags, const struct trace_print_flags *names) { unsigned long mask; for ( ; flags && names->name; names++) { mask = names->mask; if ((flags & mask) != mask) continue; buf = string(buf, end, names->name, default_str_spec); flags &= ~mask; if (flags) { if (buf < end) *buf = '|'; buf++; } } if (flags) buf = number(buf, end, flags, default_flag_spec); return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *flags_string(char *buf, char *end, void *flags_ptr, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { unsigned long flags; const struct trace_print_flags *names; if (check_pointer(&buf, end, flags_ptr, spec)) return buf; switch (fmt[1]) { case 'p': flags = *(unsigned long *)flags_ptr; /* Remove zone id */ flags &= (1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1; names = pageflag_names; break; case 'v': flags = *(unsigned long *)flags_ptr; names = vmaflag_names; break; case 'g': flags = (__force unsigned long)(*(gfp_t *)flags_ptr); names = gfpflag_names; break; default: return error_string(buf, end, "(%pG?)", spec); } return format_flags(buf, end, flags, names); } static noinline_for_stack char *fwnode_full_name_string(struct fwnode_handle *fwnode, char *buf, char *end) { int depth; /* Loop starting from the root node to the current node. */ for (depth = fwnode_count_parents(fwnode); depth >= 0; depth--) { struct fwnode_handle *__fwnode = fwnode_get_nth_parent(fwnode, depth); buf = string(buf, end, fwnode_get_name_prefix(__fwnode), default_str_spec); buf = string(buf, end, fwnode_get_name(__fwnode), default_str_spec); fwnode_handle_put(__fwnode); } return buf; } static noinline_for_stack char *device_node_string(char *buf, char *end, struct device_node *dn, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { char tbuf[sizeof("xxxx") + 1]; const char *p; int ret; char *buf_start = buf; struct property *prop; bool has_mult, pass; struct printf_spec str_spec = spec; str_spec.field_width = -1; if (fmt[0] != 'F') return error_string(buf, end, "(%pO?)", spec); if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_OF)) return error_string(buf, end, "(%pOF?)", spec); if (check_pointer(&buf, end, dn, spec)) return buf; /* simple case without anything any more format specifiers */ fmt++; if (fmt[0] == '\0' || strcspn(fmt,"fnpPFcC") > 0) fmt = "f"; for (pass = false; strspn(fmt,"fnpPFcC"); fmt++, pass = true) { int precision; if (pass) { if (buf < end) *buf = ':'; buf++; } switch (*fmt) { case 'f': /* full_name */ buf = fwnode_full_name_string(of_fwnode_handle(dn), buf, end); break; case 'n': /* name */ p = fwnode_get_name(of_fwnode_handle(dn)); precision = str_spec.precision; str_spec.precision = strchrnul(p, '@') - p; buf = string(buf, end, p, str_spec); str_spec.precision = precision; break; case 'p': /* phandle */ buf = number(buf, end, (unsigned int)dn->phandle, default_dec_spec); break; case 'P': /* path-spec */ p = fwnode_get_name(of_fwnode_handle(dn)); if (!p[1]) p = "/"; buf = string(buf, end, p, str_spec); break; case 'F': /* flags */ tbuf[0] = of_node_check_flag(dn, OF_DYNAMIC) ? 'D' : '-'; tbuf[1] = of_node_check_flag(dn, OF_DETACHED) ? 'd' : '-'; tbuf[2] = of_node_check_flag(dn, OF_POPULATED) ? 'P' : '-'; tbuf[3] = of_node_check_flag(dn, OF_POPULATED_BUS) ? 'B' : '-'; tbuf[4] = 0; buf = string_nocheck(buf, end, tbuf, str_spec); break; case 'c': /* major compatible string */ ret = of_property_read_string(dn, "compatible", &p); if (!ret) buf = string(buf, end, p, str_spec); break; case 'C': /* full compatible string */ has_mult = false; of_property_for_each_string(dn, "compatible", prop, p) { if (has_mult) buf = string_nocheck(buf, end, ",", str_spec); buf = string_nocheck(buf, end, "\"", str_spec); buf = string(buf, end, p, str_spec); buf = string_nocheck(buf, end, "\"", str_spec); has_mult = true; } break; default: break; } } return widen_string(buf, buf - buf_start, end, spec); } static noinline_for_stack char *fwnode_string(char *buf, char *end, struct fwnode_handle *fwnode, struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt) { struct printf_spec str_spec = spec; char *buf_start = buf; str_spec.field_width = -1; if (*fmt != 'w') return error_string(buf, end, "(%pf?)", spec); if (check_pointer(&buf, end, fwnode, spec)) return buf; fmt++; switch (*fmt) { case 'P': /* name */ buf = string(buf, end, fwnode_get_name(fwnode), str_spec); break; case 'f': /* full_name */ default: buf = fwnode_full_name_string(fwnode, buf, end); break; } return widen_string(buf, buf - buf_start, end, spec); } /* * Show a '%p' thing. A kernel extension is that the '%p' is followed * by an extra set of alphanumeric characters that are extended format * specifiers. * * Please update scripts/checkpatch.pl when adding/removing conversion * characters. (Search for "check for vsprintf extension"). * * Right now we handle: * * - 'S' For symbolic direct pointers (or function descriptors) with offset * - 's' For symbolic direct pointers (or function descriptors) without offset * - '[Ss]R' as above with __builtin_extract_return_addr() translation * - '[Ff]' %pf and %pF were obsoleted and later removed in favor of * %ps and %pS. Be careful when re-using these specifiers. * - 'B' For backtraced symbolic direct pointers with offset * - 'R' For decoded struct resource, e.g., [mem 0x0-0x1f 64bit pref] * - 'r' For raw struct resource, e.g., [mem 0x0-0x1f flags 0x201] * - 'b[l]' For a bitmap, the number of bits is determined by the field * width which must be explicitly specified either as part of the * format string '%32b[l]' or through '%*b[l]', [l] selects * range-list format instead of hex format * - 'M' For a 6-byte MAC address, it prints the address in the * usual colon-separated hex notation * - 'm' For a 6-byte MAC address, it prints the hex address without colons * - 'MF' For a 6-byte MAC FDDI address, it prints the address * with a dash-separated hex notation * - '[mM]R' For a 6-byte MAC address, Reverse order (Bluetooth) * - 'I' [46] for IPv4/IPv6 addresses printed in the usual way * IPv4 uses dot-separated decimal without leading 0's (1.2.3.4) * IPv6 uses colon separated network-order 16 bit hex with leading 0's * [S][pfs] * Generic IPv4/IPv6 address (struct sockaddr *) that falls back to * [4] or [6] and is able to print port [p], flowinfo [f], scope [s] * - 'i' [46] for 'raw' IPv4/IPv6 addresses * IPv6 omits the colons (01020304...0f) * IPv4 uses dot-separated decimal with leading 0's (010.123.045.006) * [S][pfs] * Generic IPv4/IPv6 address (struct sockaddr *) that falls back to * [4] or [6] and is able to print port [p], flowinfo [f], scope [s] * - '[Ii][4S][hnbl]' IPv4 addresses in host, network, big or little endian order * - 'I[6S]c' for IPv6 addresses printed as specified by * https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5952 * - 'E[achnops]' For an escaped buffer, where rules are defined by combination * of the following flags (see string_escape_mem() for the * details): * a - ESCAPE_ANY * c - ESCAPE_SPECIAL * h - ESCAPE_HEX * n - ESCAPE_NULL * o - ESCAPE_OCTAL * p - ESCAPE_NP * s - ESCAPE_SPACE * By default ESCAPE_ANY_NP is used. * - 'U' For a 16 byte UUID/GUID, it prints the UUID/GUID in the form * "xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx" * Options for %pU are: * b big endian lower case hex (default) * B big endian UPPER case hex * l little endian lower case hex * L little endian UPPER case hex * big endian output byte order is: * [0][1][2][3]-[4][5]-[6][7]-[8][9]-[10][11][12][13][14][15] * little endian output byte order is: * [3][2][1][0]-[5][4]-[7][6]-[8][9]-[10][11][12][13][14][15] * - 'V' For a struct va_format which contains a format string * and va_list *, * call vsnprintf(->format, *->va_list). * Implements a "recursive vsnprintf". * Do not use this feature without some mechanism to verify the * correctness of the format string and va_list arguments. * - 'K' For a kernel pointer that should be hidden from unprivileged users * - 'NF' For a netdev_features_t * - 'h[CDN]' For a variable-length buffer, it prints it as a hex string with * a certain separator (' ' by default): * C colon * D dash * N no separator * The maximum supported length is 64 bytes of the input. Consider * to use print_hex_dump() for the larger input. * - 'a[pd]' For address types [p] phys_addr_t, [d] dma_addr_t and derivatives * (default assumed to be phys_addr_t, passed by reference) * - 'd[234]' For a dentry name (optionally 2-4 last components) * - 'D[234]' Same as 'd' but for a struct file * - 'g' For block_device name (gendisk + partition number) * - 't[RT][dt][r]' For time and date as represented by: * R struct rtc_time * T time64_t * - 'C' For a clock, it prints the name (Common Clock Framework) or address * (legacy clock framework) of the clock * - 'Cn' For a clock, it prints the name (Common Clock Framework) or address * (legacy clock framework) of the clock * - 'G' For flags to be printed as a collection of symbolic strings that would * construct the specific value. Supported flags given by option: * p page flags (see struct page) given as pointer to unsigned long * g gfp flags (GFP_* and __GFP_*) given as pointer to gfp_t * v vma flags (VM_*) given as pointer to unsigned long * - 'OF[fnpPcCF]' For a device tree object * Without any optional arguments prints the full_name * f device node full_name * n device node name * p device node phandle * P device node path spec (name + @unit) * F device node flags * c major compatible string * C full compatible string * - 'fw[fP]' For a firmware node (struct fwnode_handle) pointer * Without an option prints the full name of the node * f full name * P node name, including a possible unit address * - 'x' For printing the address. Equivalent to "%lx". * - '[ku]s' For a BPF/tracing related format specifier, e.g. used out of * bpf_trace_printk() where [ku] prefix specifies either kernel (k) * or user (u) memory to probe, and: * s a string, equivalent to "%s" on direct vsnprintf() use * * ** When making changes please also update: * Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst * * Note: The default behaviour (unadorned %p) is to hash the address, * rendering it useful as a unique identifier. */ static noinline_for_stack char *pointer(const char *fmt, char *buf, char *end, void *ptr, struct printf_spec spec) { switch (*fmt) { case 'S': case 's': ptr = dereference_symbol_descriptor(ptr); /* fall through */ case 'B': return symbol_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'R': case 'r': return resource_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'h': return hex_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'b': switch (fmt[1]) { case 'l': return bitmap_list_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); default: return bitmap_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); } case 'M': /* Colon separated: 00:01:02:03:04:05 */ case 'm': /* Contiguous: 000102030405 */ /* [mM]F (FDDI) */ /* [mM]R (Reverse order; Bluetooth) */ return mac_address_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'I': /* Formatted IP supported * 4: 1.2.3.4 * 6: 0001:0203:...:0708 * 6c: 1::708 or 1::1.2.3.4 */ case 'i': /* Contiguous: * 4: 001.002.003.004 * 6: 000102...0f */ return ip_addr_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'E': return escaped_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'U': return uuid_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'V': return va_format(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'K': return restricted_pointer(buf, end, ptr, spec); case 'N': return netdev_bits(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'a': return address_val(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'd': return dentry_name(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 't': return time_and_date(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'C': return clock(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'D': return file_dentry_name(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK case 'g': return bdev_name(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); #endif case 'G': return flags_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt); case 'O': return device_node_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt + 1); case 'f': return fwnode_string(buf, end, ptr, spec, fmt + 1); case 'x': return pointer_string(buf, end, ptr, spec); case 'e': /* %pe with a non-ERR_PTR gets treated as plain %p */ if (!IS_ERR(ptr)) break; return err_ptr(buf, end, ptr, spec); case 'u': case 'k': switch (fmt[1]) { case 's': return string(buf, end, ptr, spec); default: return error_string(buf, end, "(einval)", spec); } } /* default is to _not_ leak addresses, hash before printing */ return ptr_to_id(buf, end, ptr, spec); } /* * Helper function to decode printf style format. * Each call decode a token from the format and return the * number of characters read (or likely the delta where it wants * to go on the next call). * The decoded token is returned through the parameters * * 'h', 'l', or 'L' for integer fields * 'z' support added 23/7/1999 S.H. * 'z' changed to 'Z' --davidm 1/25/99 * 'Z' changed to 'z' --adobriyan 2017-01-25 * 't' added for ptrdiff_t * * @fmt: the format string * @type of the token returned * @flags: various flags such as +, -, # tokens.. * @field_width: overwritten width * @base: base of the number (octal, hex, ...) * @precision: precision of a number * @qualifier: qualifier of a number (long, size_t, ...) */ static noinline_for_stack int format_decode(const char *fmt, struct printf_spec *spec) { const char *start = fmt; char qualifier; /* we finished early by reading the field width */ if (spec->type == FORMAT_TYPE_WIDTH) { if (spec->field_width < 0) { spec->field_width = -spec->field_width; spec->flags |= LEFT; } spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_NONE; goto precision; } /* we finished early by reading the precision */ if (spec->type == FORMAT_TYPE_PRECISION) { if (spec->precision < 0) spec->precision = 0; spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_NONE; goto qualifier; } /* By default */ spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_NONE; for (; *fmt ; ++fmt) { if (*fmt == '%') break; } /* Return the current non-format string */ if (fmt != start || !*fmt) return fmt - start; /* Process flags */ spec->flags = 0; while (1) { /* this also skips first '%' */ bool found = true; ++fmt; switch (*fmt) { case '-': spec->flags |= LEFT; break; case '+': spec->flags |= PLUS; break; case ' ': spec->flags |= SPACE; break; case '#': spec->flags |= SPECIAL; break; case '0': spec->flags |= ZEROPAD; break; default: found = false; } if (!found) break; } /* get field width */ spec->field_width = -1; if (isdigit(*fmt)) spec->field_width = skip_atoi(&fmt); else if (*fmt == '*') { /* it's the next argument */ spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_WIDTH; return ++fmt - start; } precision: /* get the precision */ spec->precision = -1; if (*fmt == '.') { ++fmt; if (isdigit(*fmt)) { spec->precision = skip_atoi(&fmt); if (spec->precision < 0) spec->precision = 0; } else if (*fmt == '*') { /* it's the next argument */ spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_PRECISION; return ++fmt - start; } } qualifier: /* get the conversion qualifier */ qualifier = 0; if (*fmt == 'h' || _tolower(*fmt) == 'l' || *fmt == 'z' || *fmt == 't') { qualifier = *fmt++; if (unlikely(qualifier == *fmt)) { if (qualifier == 'l') { qualifier = 'L'; ++fmt; } else if (qualifier == 'h') { qualifier = 'H'; ++fmt; } } } /* default base */ spec->base = 10; switch (*fmt) { case 'c': spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_CHAR; return ++fmt - start; case 's': spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_STR; return ++fmt - start; case 'p': spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_PTR; return ++fmt - start; case '%': spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_PERCENT_CHAR; return ++fmt - start; /* integer number formats - set up the flags and "break" */ case 'o': spec->base = 8; break; case 'x': spec->flags |= SMALL; /* fall through */ case 'X': spec->base = 16; break; case 'd': case 'i': spec->flags |= SIGN; case 'u': break; case 'n': /* * Since %n poses a greater security risk than * utility, treat it as any other invalid or * unsupported format specifier. */ /* fall through */ default: WARN_ONCE(1, "Please remove unsupported %%%c in format string\n", *fmt); spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_INVALID; return fmt - start; } if (qualifier == 'L') spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_LONG_LONG; else if (qualifier == 'l') { BUILD_BUG_ON(FORMAT_TYPE_ULONG + SIGN != FORMAT_TYPE_LONG); spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_ULONG + (spec->flags & SIGN); } else if (qualifier == 'z') { spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_SIZE_T; } else if (qualifier == 't') { spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_PTRDIFF; } else if (qualifier == 'H') { BUILD_BUG_ON(FORMAT_TYPE_UBYTE + SIGN != FORMAT_TYPE_BYTE); spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_UBYTE + (spec->flags & SIGN); } else if (qualifier == 'h') { BUILD_BUG_ON(FORMAT_TYPE_USHORT + SIGN != FORMAT_TYPE_SHORT); spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_USHORT + (spec->flags & SIGN); } else { BUILD_BUG_ON(FORMAT_TYPE_UINT + SIGN != FORMAT_TYPE_INT); spec->type = FORMAT_TYPE_UINT + (spec->flags & SIGN); } return ++fmt - start; } static void set_field_width(struct printf_spec *spec, int width) { spec->field_width = width; if (WARN_ONCE(spec->field_width != width, "field width %d too large", width)) { spec->field_width = clamp(width, -FIELD_WIDTH_MAX, FIELD_WIDTH_MAX); } } static void set_precision(struct printf_spec *spec, int prec) { spec->precision = prec; if (WARN_ONCE(spec->precision != prec, "precision %d too large", prec)) { spec->precision = clamp(prec, 0, PRECISION_MAX); } } /** * vsnprintf - Format a string and place it in a buffer * @buf: The buffer to place the result into * @size: The size of the buffer, including the trailing null space * @fmt: The format string to use * @args: Arguments for the format string * * This function generally follows C99 vsnprintf, but has some * extensions and a few limitations: * * - ``%n`` is unsupported * - ``%p*`` is handled by pointer() * * See pointer() or Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst for more * extensive description. * * **Please update the documentation in both places when making changes** * * The return value is the number of characters which would * be generated for the given input, excluding the trailing * '\0', as per ISO C99. If you want to have the exact * number of characters written into @buf as return value * (not including the trailing '\0'), use vscnprintf(). If the * return is greater than or equal to @size, the resulting * string is truncated. * * If you're not already dealing with a va_list consider using snprintf(). */ int vsnprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, va_list args) { unsigned long long num; char *str, *end; struct printf_spec spec = {0}; /* Reject out-of-range values early. Large positive sizes are used for unknown buffer sizes. */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(size > INT_MAX)) return 0; str = buf; end = buf + size; /* Make sure end is always >= buf */ if (end < buf) { end = ((void *)-1); size = end - buf; } while (*fmt) { const char *old_fmt = fmt; int read = format_decode(fmt, &spec); fmt += read; switch (spec.type) { case FORMAT_TYPE_NONE: { int copy = read; if (str < end) { if (copy > end - str) copy = end - str; memcpy(str, old_fmt, copy); } str += read; break; } case FORMAT_TYPE_WIDTH: set_field_width(&spec, va_arg(args, int)); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_PRECISION: set_precision(&spec, va_arg(args, int)); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_CHAR: { char c; if (!(spec.flags & LEFT)) { while (--spec.field_width > 0) { if (str < end) *str = ' '; ++str; } } c = (unsigned char) va_arg(args, int); if (str < end) *str = c; ++str; while (--spec.field_width > 0) { if (str < end) *str = ' '; ++str; } break; } case FORMAT_TYPE_STR: str = string(str, end, va_arg(args, char *), spec); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_PTR: str = pointer(fmt, str, end, va_arg(args, void *), spec); while (isalnum(*fmt)) fmt++; break; case FORMAT_TYPE_PERCENT_CHAR: if (str < end) *str = '%'; ++str; break; case FORMAT_TYPE_INVALID: /* * Presumably the arguments passed gcc's type * checking, but there is no safe or sane way * for us to continue parsing the format and * fetching from the va_list; the remaining * specifiers and arguments would be out of * sync. */ goto out; default: switch (spec.type) { case FORMAT_TYPE_LONG_LONG: num = va_arg(args, long long); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_ULONG: num = va_arg(args, unsigned long); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_LONG: num = va_arg(args, long); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_SIZE_T: if (spec.flags & SIGN) num = va_arg(args, ssize_t); else num = va_arg(args, size_t); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_PTRDIFF: num = va_arg(args, ptrdiff_t); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_UBYTE: num = (unsigned char) va_arg(args, int); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_BYTE: num = (signed char) va_arg(args, int); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_USHORT: num = (unsigned short) va_arg(args, int); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_SHORT: num = (short) va_arg(args, int); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_INT: num = (int) va_arg(args, int); break; default: num = va_arg(args, unsigned int); } str = number(str, end, num, spec); } } out: if (size > 0) { if (str < end) *str = '\0'; else end[-1] = '\0'; } /* the trailing null byte doesn't count towards the total */ return str-buf; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vsnprintf); /** * vscnprintf - Format a string and place it in a buffer * @buf: The buffer to place the result into * @size: The size of the buffer, including the trailing null space * @fmt: The format string to use * @args: Arguments for the format string * * The return value is the number of characters which have been written into * the @buf not including the trailing '\0'. If @size is == 0 the function * returns 0. * * If you're not already dealing with a va_list consider using scnprintf(). * * See the vsnprintf() documentation for format string extensions over C99. */ int vscnprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, va_list args) { int i; i = vsnprintf(buf, size, fmt, args); if (likely(i < size)) return i; if (size != 0) return size - 1; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vscnprintf); /** * snprintf - Format a string and place it in a buffer * @buf: The buffer to place the result into * @size: The size of the buffer, including the trailing null space * @fmt: The format string to use * @...: Arguments for the format string * * The return value is the number of characters which would be * generated for the given input, excluding the trailing null, * as per ISO C99. If the return is greater than or equal to * @size, the resulting string is truncated. * * See the vsnprintf() documentation for format string extensions over C99. */ int snprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; int i; va_start(args, fmt); i = vsnprintf(buf, size, fmt, args); va_end(args); return i; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(snprintf); /** * scnprintf - Format a string and place it in a buffer * @buf: The buffer to place the result into * @size: The size of the buffer, including the trailing null space * @fmt: The format string to use * @...: Arguments for the format string * * The return value is the number of characters written into @buf not including * the trailing '\0'. If @size is == 0 the function returns 0. */ int scnprintf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; int i; va_start(args, fmt); i = vscnprintf(buf, size, fmt, args); va_end(args); return i; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(scnprintf); /** * vsprintf - Format a string and place it in a buffer * @buf: The buffer to place the result into * @fmt: The format string to use * @args: Arguments for the format string * * The function returns the number of characters written * into @buf. Use vsnprintf() or vscnprintf() in order to avoid * buffer overflows. * * If you're not already dealing with a va_list consider using sprintf(). * * See the vsnprintf() documentation for format string extensions over C99. */ int vsprintf(char *buf, const char *fmt, va_list args) { return vsnprintf(buf, INT_MAX, fmt, args); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vsprintf); /** * sprintf - Format a string and place it in a buffer * @buf: The buffer to place the result into * @fmt: The format string to use * @...: Arguments for the format string * * The function returns the number of characters written * into @buf. Use snprintf() or scnprintf() in order to avoid * buffer overflows. * * See the vsnprintf() documentation for format string extensions over C99. */ int sprintf(char *buf, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; int i; va_start(args, fmt); i = vsnprintf(buf, INT_MAX, fmt, args); va_end(args); return i; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sprintf); #ifdef CONFIG_BINARY_PRINTF /* * bprintf service: * vbin_printf() - VA arguments to binary data * bstr_printf() - Binary data to text string */ /** * vbin_printf - Parse a format string and place args' binary value in a buffer * @bin_buf: The buffer to place args' binary value * @size: The size of the buffer(by words(32bits), not characters) * @fmt: The format string to use * @args: Arguments for the format string * * The format follows C99 vsnprintf, except %n is ignored, and its argument * is skipped. * * The return value is the number of words(32bits) which would be generated for * the given input. * * NOTE: * If the return value is greater than @size, the resulting bin_buf is NOT * valid for bstr_printf(). */ int vbin_printf(u32 *bin_buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, va_list args) { struct printf_spec spec = {0}; char *str, *end; int width; str = (char *)bin_buf; end = (char *)(bin_buf + size); #define save_arg(type) \ ({ \ unsigned long long value; \ if (sizeof(type) == 8) { \ unsigned long long val8; \ str = PTR_ALIGN(str, sizeof(u32)); \ val8 = va_arg(args, unsigned long long); \ if (str + sizeof(type) <= end) { \ *(u32 *)str = *(u32 *)&val8; \ *(u32 *)(str + 4) = *((u32 *)&val8 + 1); \ } \ value = val8; \ } else { \ unsigned int val4; \ str = PTR_ALIGN(str, sizeof(type)); \ val4 = va_arg(args, int); \ if (str + sizeof(type) <= end) \ *(typeof(type) *)str = (type)(long)val4; \ value = (unsigned long long)val4; \ } \ str += sizeof(type); \ value; \ }) while (*fmt) { int read = format_decode(fmt, &spec); fmt += read; switch (spec.type) { case FORMAT_TYPE_NONE: case FORMAT_TYPE_PERCENT_CHAR: break; case FORMAT_TYPE_INVALID: goto out; case FORMAT_TYPE_WIDTH: case FORMAT_TYPE_PRECISION: width = (int)save_arg(int); /* Pointers may require the width */ if (*fmt == 'p') set_field_width(&spec, width); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_CHAR: save_arg(char); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_STR: { const char *save_str = va_arg(args, char *); const char *err_msg; size_t len; err_msg = check_pointer_msg(save_str); if (err_msg) save_str = err_msg; len = strlen(save_str) + 1; if (str + len < end) memcpy(str, save_str, len); str += len; break; } case FORMAT_TYPE_PTR: /* Dereferenced pointers must be done now */ switch (*fmt) { /* Dereference of functions is still OK */ case 'S': case 's': case 'x': case 'K': case 'e': save_arg(void *); break; default: if (!isalnum(*fmt)) { save_arg(void *); break; } str = pointer(fmt, str, end, va_arg(args, void *), spec); if (str + 1 < end) *str++ = '\0'; else end[-1] = '\0'; /* Must be nul terminated */ } /* skip all alphanumeric pointer suffixes */ while (isalnum(*fmt)) fmt++; break; default: switch (spec.type) { case FORMAT_TYPE_LONG_LONG: save_arg(long long); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_ULONG: case FORMAT_TYPE_LONG: save_arg(unsigned long); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_SIZE_T: save_arg(size_t); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_PTRDIFF: save_arg(ptrdiff_t); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_UBYTE: case FORMAT_TYPE_BYTE: save_arg(char); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_USHORT: case FORMAT_TYPE_SHORT: save_arg(short); break; default: save_arg(int); } } } out: return (u32 *)(PTR_ALIGN(str, sizeof(u32))) - bin_buf; #undef save_arg } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vbin_printf); /** * bstr_printf - Format a string from binary arguments and place it in a buffer * @buf: The buffer to place the result into * @size: The size of the buffer, including the trailing null space * @fmt: The format string to use * @bin_buf: Binary arguments for the format string * * This function like C99 vsnprintf, but the difference is that vsnprintf gets * arguments from stack, and bstr_printf gets arguments from @bin_buf which is * a binary buffer that generated by vbin_printf. * * The format follows C99 vsnprintf, but has some extensions: * see vsnprintf comment for details. * * The return value is the number of characters which would * be generated for the given input, excluding the trailing * '\0', as per ISO C99. If you want to have the exact * number of characters written into @buf as return value * (not including the trailing '\0'), use vscnprintf(). If the * return is greater than or equal to @size, the resulting * string is truncated. */ int bstr_printf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, const u32 *bin_buf) { struct printf_spec spec = {0}; char *str, *end; const char *args = (const char *)bin_buf; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(size > INT_MAX)) return 0; str = buf; end = buf + size; #define get_arg(type) \ ({ \ typeof(type) value; \ if (sizeof(type) == 8) { \ args = PTR_ALIGN(args, sizeof(u32)); \ *(u32 *)&value = *(u32 *)args; \ *((u32 *)&value + 1) = *(u32 *)(args + 4); \ } else { \ args = PTR_ALIGN(args, sizeof(type)); \ value = *(typeof(type) *)args; \ } \ args += sizeof(type); \ value; \ }) /* Make sure end is always >= buf */ if (end < buf) { end = ((void *)-1); size = end - buf; } while (*fmt) { const char *old_fmt = fmt; int read = format_decode(fmt, &spec); fmt += read; switch (spec.type) { case FORMAT_TYPE_NONE: { int copy = read; if (str < end) { if (copy > end - str) copy = end - str; memcpy(str, old_fmt, copy); } str += read; break; } case FORMAT_TYPE_WIDTH: set_field_width(&spec, get_arg(int)); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_PRECISION: set_precision(&spec, get_arg(int)); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_CHAR: { char c; if (!(spec.flags & LEFT)) { while (--spec.field_width > 0) { if (str < end) *str = ' '; ++str; } } c = (unsigned char) get_arg(char); if (str < end) *str = c; ++str; while (--spec.field_width > 0) { if (str < end) *str = ' '; ++str; } break; } case FORMAT_TYPE_STR: { const char *str_arg = args; args += strlen(str_arg) + 1; str = string(str, end, (char *)str_arg, spec); break; } case FORMAT_TYPE_PTR: { bool process = false; int copy, len; /* Non function dereferences were already done */ switch (*fmt) { case 'S': case 's': case 'x': case 'K': case 'e': process = true; break; default: if (!isalnum(*fmt)) { process = true; break; } /* Pointer dereference was already processed */ if (str < end) { len = copy = strlen(args); if (copy > end - str) copy = end - str; memcpy(str, args, copy); str += len; args += len + 1; } } if (process) str = pointer(fmt, str, end, get_arg(void *), spec); while (isalnum(*fmt)) fmt++; break; } case FORMAT_TYPE_PERCENT_CHAR: if (str < end) *str = '%'; ++str; break; case FORMAT_TYPE_INVALID: goto out; default: { unsigned long long num; switch (spec.type) { case FORMAT_TYPE_LONG_LONG: num = get_arg(long long); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_ULONG: case FORMAT_TYPE_LONG: num = get_arg(unsigned long); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_SIZE_T: num = get_arg(size_t); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_PTRDIFF: num = get_arg(ptrdiff_t); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_UBYTE: num = get_arg(unsigned char); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_BYTE: num = get_arg(signed char); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_USHORT: num = get_arg(unsigned short); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_SHORT: num = get_arg(short); break; case FORMAT_TYPE_UINT: num = get_arg(unsigned int); break; default: num = get_arg(int); } str = number(str, end, num, spec); } /* default: */ } /* switch(spec.type) */ } /* while(*fmt) */ out: if (size > 0) { if (str < end) *str = '\0'; else end[-1] = '\0'; } #undef get_arg /* the trailing null byte doesn't count towards the total */ return str - buf; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bstr_printf); /** * bprintf - Parse a format string and place args' binary value in a buffer * @bin_buf: The buffer to place args' binary value * @size: The size of the buffer(by words(32bits), not characters) * @fmt: The format string to use * @...: Arguments for the format string * * The function returns the number of words(u32) written * into @bin_buf. */ int bprintf(u32 *bin_buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; int ret; va_start(args, fmt); ret = vbin_printf(bin_buf, size, fmt, args); va_end(args); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bprintf); #endif /* CONFIG_BINARY_PRINTF */ /** * vsscanf - Unformat a buffer into a list of arguments * @buf: input buffer * @fmt: format of buffer * @args: arguments */ int vsscanf(const char *buf, const char *fmt, va_list args) { const char *str = buf; char *next; char digit; int num = 0; u8 qualifier; unsigned int base; union { long long s; unsigned long long u; } val; s16 field_width; bool is_sign; while (*fmt) { /* skip any white space in format */ /* white space in format matchs any amount of * white space, including none, in the input. */ if (isspace(*fmt)) { fmt = skip_spaces(++fmt); str = skip_spaces(str); } /* anything that is not a conversion must match exactly */ if (*fmt != '%' && *fmt) { if (*fmt++ != *str++) break; continue; } if (!*fmt) break; ++fmt; /* skip this conversion. * advance both strings to next white space */ if (*fmt == '*') { if (!*str) break; while (!isspace(*fmt) && *fmt != '%' && *fmt) { /* '%*[' not yet supported, invalid format */ if (*fmt == '[') return num; fmt++; } while (!isspace(*str) && *str) str++; continue; } /* get field width */ field_width = -1; if (isdigit(*fmt)) { field_width = skip_atoi(&fmt); if (field_width <= 0) break; } /* get conversion qualifier */ qualifier = -1; if (*fmt == 'h' || _tolower(*fmt) == 'l' || *fmt == 'z') { qualifier = *fmt++; if (unlikely(qualifier == *fmt)) { if (qualifier == 'h') { qualifier = 'H'; fmt++; } else if (qualifier == 'l') { qualifier = 'L'; fmt++; } } } if (!*fmt) break; if (*fmt == 'n') { /* return number of characters read so far */ *va_arg(args, int *) = str - buf; ++fmt; continue; } if (!*str) break; base = 10; is_sign = false; switch (*fmt++) { case 'c': { char *s = (char *)va_arg(args, char*); if (field_width == -1) field_width = 1; do { *s++ = *str++; } while (--field_width > 0 && *str); num++; } continue; case 's': { char *s = (char *)va_arg(args, char *); if (field_width == -1) field_width = SHRT_MAX; /* first, skip leading white space in buffer */ str = skip_spaces(str); /* now copy until next white space */ while (*str && !isspace(*str) && field_width--) *s++ = *str++; *s = '\0'; num++; } continue; /* * Warning: This implementation of the '[' conversion specifier * deviates from its glibc counterpart in the following ways: * (1) It does NOT support ranges i.e. '-' is NOT a special * character * (2) It cannot match the closing bracket ']' itself * (3) A field width is required * (4) '%*[' (discard matching input) is currently not supported * * Example usage: * ret = sscanf("00:0a:95","%2[^:]:%2[^:]:%2[^:]", * buf1, buf2, buf3); * if (ret < 3) * // etc.. */ case '[': { char *s = (char *)va_arg(args, char *); DECLARE_BITMAP(set, 256) = {0}; unsigned int len = 0; bool negate = (*fmt == '^'); /* field width is required */ if (field_width == -1) return num; if (negate) ++fmt; for ( ; *fmt && *fmt != ']'; ++fmt, ++len) set_bit((u8)*fmt, set); /* no ']' or no character set found */ if (!*fmt || !len) return num; ++fmt; if (negate) { bitmap_complement(set, set, 256); /* exclude null '\0' byte */ clear_bit(0, set); } /* match must be non-empty */ if (!test_bit((u8)*str, set)) return num; while (test_bit((u8)*str, set) && field_width--) *s++ = *str++; *s = '\0'; ++num; } continue; case 'o': base = 8; break; case 'x': case 'X': base = 16; break; case 'i': base = 0; /* fall through */ case 'd': is_sign = true; /* fall through */ case 'u': break; case '%': /* looking for '%' in str */ if (*str++ != '%') return num; continue; default: /* invalid format; stop here */ return num; } /* have some sort of integer conversion. * first, skip white space in buffer. */ str = skip_spaces(str); digit = *str; if (is_sign && digit == '-') digit = *(str + 1); if (!digit || (base == 16 && !isxdigit(digit)) || (base == 10 && !isdigit(digit)) || (base == 8 && (!isdigit(digit) || digit > '7')) || (base == 0 && !isdigit(digit))) break; if (is_sign) val.s = simple_strntoll(str, field_width >= 0 ? field_width : INT_MAX, &next, base); else val.u = simple_strntoull(str, field_width >= 0 ? field_width : INT_MAX, &next, base); switch (qualifier) { case 'H': /* that's 'hh' in format */ if (is_sign) *va_arg(args, signed char *) = val.s; else *va_arg(args, unsigned char *) = val.u; break; case 'h': if (is_sign) *va_arg(args, short *) = val.s; else *va_arg(args, unsigned short *) = val.u; break; case 'l': if (is_sign) *va_arg(args, long *) = val.s; else *va_arg(args, unsigned long *) = val.u; break; case 'L': if (is_sign) *va_arg(args, long long *) = val.s; else *va_arg(args, unsigned long long *) = val.u; break; case 'z': *va_arg(args, size_t *) = val.u; break; default: if (is_sign) *va_arg(args, int *) = val.s; else *va_arg(args, unsigned int *) = val.u; break; } num++; if (!next) break; str = next; } return num; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vsscanf); /** * sscanf - Unformat a buffer into a list of arguments * @buf: input buffer * @fmt: formatting of buffer * @...: resulting arguments */ int sscanf(const char *buf, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; int i; va_start(args, fmt); i = vsscanf(buf, fmt, args); va_end(args); return i; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sscanf);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_SMP_H #define _ASM_X86_SMP_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <asm/percpu.h> #include <asm/thread_info.h> #include <asm/cpumask.h> extern int smp_num_siblings; extern unsigned int num_processors; DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_sibling_map); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_core_map); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_die_map); /* cpus sharing the last level cache: */ DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_llc_shared_map); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, cpu_llc_id); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(int, cpu_number); static inline struct cpumask *cpu_llc_shared_mask(int cpu) { return per_cpu(cpu_llc_shared_map, cpu); } DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, x86_cpu_to_apicid); DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u32, x86_cpu_to_acpiid); DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, x86_bios_cpu_apicid); #if defined(CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC) && defined(CONFIG_X86_32) DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(int, x86_cpu_to_logical_apicid); #endif struct task_struct; struct smp_ops { void (*smp_prepare_boot_cpu)(void); void (*smp_prepare_cpus)(unsigned max_cpus); void (*smp_cpus_done)(unsigned max_cpus); void (*stop_other_cpus)(int wait); void (*crash_stop_other_cpus)(void); void (*smp_send_reschedule)(int cpu); int (*cpu_up)(unsigned cpu, struct task_struct *tidle); int (*cpu_disable)(void); void (*cpu_die)(unsigned int cpu); void (*play_dead)(void); void (*send_call_func_ipi)(const struct cpumask *mask); void (*send_call_func_single_ipi)(int cpu); }; /* Globals due to paravirt */ extern void set_cpu_sibling_map(int cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern struct smp_ops smp_ops; static inline void smp_send_stop(void) { smp_ops.stop_other_cpus(0); } static inline void stop_other_cpus(void) { smp_ops.stop_other_cpus(1); } static inline void smp_prepare_boot_cpu(void) { smp_ops.smp_prepare_boot_cpu(); } static inline void smp_prepare_cpus(unsigned int max_cpus) { smp_ops.smp_prepare_cpus(max_cpus); } static inline void smp_cpus_done(unsigned int max_cpus) { smp_ops.smp_cpus_done(max_cpus); } static inline int __cpu_up(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *tidle) { return smp_ops.cpu_up(cpu, tidle); } static inline int __cpu_disable(void) { return smp_ops.cpu_disable(); } static inline void __cpu_die(unsigned int cpu) { smp_ops.cpu_die(cpu); } static inline void play_dead(void) { smp_ops.play_dead(); } static inline void smp_send_reschedule(int cpu) { smp_ops.smp_send_reschedule(cpu); } static inline void arch_send_call_function_single_ipi(int cpu) { smp_ops.send_call_func_single_ipi(cpu); } static inline void arch_send_call_function_ipi_mask(const struct cpumask *mask) { smp_ops.send_call_func_ipi(mask); } void cpu_disable_common(void); void native_smp_prepare_boot_cpu(void); void native_smp_prepare_cpus(unsigned int max_cpus); void calculate_max_logical_packages(void); void native_smp_cpus_done(unsigned int max_cpus); int common_cpu_up(unsigned int cpunum, struct task_struct *tidle); int native_cpu_up(unsigned int cpunum, struct task_struct *tidle); int native_cpu_disable(void); int common_cpu_die(unsigned int cpu); void native_cpu_die(unsigned int cpu); void hlt_play_dead(void); void native_play_dead(void); void play_dead_common(void); void wbinvd_on_cpu(int cpu); int wbinvd_on_all_cpus(void); void cond_wakeup_cpu0(void); void native_smp_send_reschedule(int cpu); void native_send_call_func_ipi(const struct cpumask *mask); void native_send_call_func_single_ipi(int cpu); void x86_idle_thread_init(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle); void smp_store_boot_cpu_info(void); void smp_store_cpu_info(int id); asmlinkage __visible void smp_reboot_interrupt(void); __visible void smp_reschedule_interrupt(struct pt_regs *regs); __visible void smp_call_function_interrupt(struct pt_regs *regs); __visible void smp_call_function_single_interrupt(struct pt_regs *r); #define cpu_physical_id(cpu) per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_apicid, cpu) #define cpu_acpi_id(cpu) per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_acpiid, cpu) /* * This function is needed by all SMP systems. It must _always_ be valid * from the initial startup. We map APIC_BASE very early in page_setup(), * so this is correct in the x86 case. */ #define raw_smp_processor_id() this_cpu_read(cpu_number) #define __smp_processor_id() __this_cpu_read(cpu_number) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 extern int safe_smp_processor_id(void); #else # define safe_smp_processor_id() smp_processor_id() #endif #else /* !CONFIG_SMP */ #define wbinvd_on_cpu(cpu) wbinvd() static inline int wbinvd_on_all_cpus(void) { wbinvd(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ extern unsigned disabled_cpus; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC extern int hard_smp_processor_id(void); #else /* CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC */ #define hard_smp_processor_id() 0 #endif /* CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_NMI_SELFTEST extern void nmi_selftest(void); #else #define nmi_selftest() do { } while (0) #endif #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_SMP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __SEQ_FILE_NET_H__ #define __SEQ_FILE_NET_H__ #include <linux/seq_file.h> struct net; extern struct net init_net; struct seq_net_private { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS struct net *net; #endif }; static inline struct net *seq_file_net(struct seq_file *seq) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS return ((struct seq_net_private *)seq->private)->net; #else return &init_net; #endif } /* * This one is needed for proc_create_net_single since net is stored directly * in private not as a struct i.e. seq_file_net can't be used. */ static inline struct net *seq_file_single_net(struct seq_file *seq) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS return (struct net *)seq->private; #else return &init_net; #endif } #endif
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1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 1659 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715 1716 1717 1718 1719 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Framework and drivers for configuring and reading different PHYs * Based on code in sungem_phy.c and (long-removed) gianfar_phy.c * * Author: Andy Fleming * * Copyright (c) 2004 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. */ #ifndef __PHY_H #define __PHY_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/ethtool.h> #include <linux/linkmode.h> #include <linux/netlink.h> #include <linux/mdio.h> #include <linux/mii.h> #include <linux/mii_timestamper.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/mod_devicetable.h> #include <linux/u64_stats_sync.h> #include <linux/irqreturn.h> #include <linux/iopoll.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #define PHY_DEFAULT_FEATURES (SUPPORTED_Autoneg | \ SUPPORTED_TP | \ SUPPORTED_MII) #define PHY_10BT_FEATURES (SUPPORTED_10baseT_Half | \ SUPPORTED_10baseT_Full) #define PHY_100BT_FEATURES (SUPPORTED_100baseT_Half | \ SUPPORTED_100baseT_Full) #define PHY_1000BT_FEATURES (SUPPORTED_1000baseT_Half | \ SUPPORTED_1000baseT_Full) extern __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(phy_basic_features) __ro_after_init; extern __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(phy_basic_t1_features) __ro_after_init; extern __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(phy_gbit_features) __ro_after_init; extern __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(phy_gbit_fibre_features) __ro_after_init; extern __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(phy_gbit_all_ports_features) __ro_after_init; extern __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(phy_10gbit_features) __ro_after_init; extern __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(phy_10gbit_fec_features) __ro_after_init; extern __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(phy_10gbit_full_features) __ro_after_init; #define PHY_BASIC_FEATURES ((unsigned long *)&phy_basic_features) #define PHY_BASIC_T1_FEATURES ((unsigned long *)&phy_basic_t1_features) #define PHY_GBIT_FEATURES ((unsigned long *)&phy_gbit_features) #define PHY_GBIT_FIBRE_FEATURES ((unsigned long *)&phy_gbit_fibre_features) #define PHY_GBIT_ALL_PORTS_FEATURES ((unsigned long *)&phy_gbit_all_ports_features) #define PHY_10GBIT_FEATURES ((unsigned long *)&phy_10gbit_features) #define PHY_10GBIT_FEC_FEATURES ((unsigned long *)&phy_10gbit_fec_features) #define PHY_10GBIT_FULL_FEATURES ((unsigned long *)&phy_10gbit_full_features) extern const int phy_basic_ports_array[3]; extern const int phy_fibre_port_array[1]; extern const int phy_all_ports_features_array[7]; extern const int phy_10_100_features_array[4]; extern const int phy_basic_t1_features_array[2]; extern const int phy_gbit_features_array[2]; extern const int phy_10gbit_features_array[1]; /* * Set phydev->irq to PHY_POLL if interrupts are not supported, * or not desired for this PHY. Set to PHY_IGNORE_INTERRUPT if * the attached driver handles the interrupt */ #define PHY_POLL -1 #define PHY_IGNORE_INTERRUPT -2 #define PHY_IS_INTERNAL 0x00000001 #define PHY_RST_AFTER_CLK_EN 0x00000002 #define PHY_POLL_CABLE_TEST 0x00000004 #define MDIO_DEVICE_IS_PHY 0x80000000 /** * enum phy_interface_t - Interface Mode definitions * * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_NA: Not Applicable - don't touch * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_INTERNAL: No interface, MAC and PHY combined * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MII: Median-independent interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_GMII: Gigabit median-independent interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_SGMII: Serial gigabit media-independent interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_TBI: Ten Bit Interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_REVMII: Reverse Media Independent Interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RMII: Reduced Media Independent Interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII: Reduced gigabit media-independent interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_ID: RGMII with Internal RX+TX delay * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_RXID: RGMII with Internal RX delay * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_TXID: RGMII with Internal RX delay * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RTBI: Reduced TBI * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_SMII: ??? MII * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XGMII: 10 gigabit media-independent interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XLGMII:40 gigabit media-independent interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MOCA: Multimedia over Coax * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_QSGMII: Quad SGMII * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_TRGMII: Turbo RGMII * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_1000BASEX: 1000 BaseX * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_2500BASEX: 2500 BaseX * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RXAUI: Reduced XAUI * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XAUI: 10 Gigabit Attachment Unit Interface * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10GBASER: 10G BaseR * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_USXGMII: Universal Serial 10GE MII * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10GKR: 10GBASE-KR - with Clause 73 AN * @PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MAX: Book keeping * * Describes the interface between the MAC and PHY. */ typedef enum { PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_NA, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_INTERNAL, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_GMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_SGMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_TBI, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_REVMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_ID, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_RXID, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_TXID, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RTBI, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_SMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XGMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XLGMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MOCA, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_QSGMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_TRGMII, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_1000BASEX, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_2500BASEX, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RXAUI, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XAUI, /* 10GBASE-R, XFI, SFI - single lane 10G Serdes */ PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10GBASER, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_USXGMII, /* 10GBASE-KR - with Clause 73 AN */ PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10GKR, PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MAX, } phy_interface_t; /* * phy_supported_speeds - return all speeds currently supported by a PHY device */ unsigned int phy_supported_speeds(struct phy_device *phy, unsigned int *speeds, unsigned int size); /** * phy_modes - map phy_interface_t enum to device tree binding of phy-mode * @interface: enum phy_interface_t value * * Description: maps enum &phy_interface_t defined in this file * into the device tree binding of 'phy-mode', so that Ethernet * device driver can get PHY interface from device tree. */ static inline const char *phy_modes(phy_interface_t interface) { switch (interface) { case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_NA: return ""; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_INTERNAL: return "internal"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MII: return "mii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_GMII: return "gmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_SGMII: return "sgmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_TBI: return "tbi"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_REVMII: return "rev-mii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RMII: return "rmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII: return "rgmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_ID: return "rgmii-id"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_RXID: return "rgmii-rxid"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RGMII_TXID: return "rgmii-txid"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RTBI: return "rtbi"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_SMII: return "smii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XGMII: return "xgmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XLGMII: return "xlgmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_MOCA: return "moca"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_QSGMII: return "qsgmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_TRGMII: return "trgmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_1000BASEX: return "1000base-x"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_2500BASEX: return "2500base-x"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_RXAUI: return "rxaui"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_XAUI: return "xaui"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10GBASER: return "10gbase-r"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_USXGMII: return "usxgmii"; case PHY_INTERFACE_MODE_10GKR: return "10gbase-kr"; default: return "unknown"; } } #define PHY_INIT_TIMEOUT 100000 #define PHY_FORCE_TIMEOUT 10 #define PHY_MAX_ADDR 32 /* Used when trying to connect to a specific phy (mii bus id:phy device id) */ #define PHY_ID_FMT "%s:%02x" #define MII_BUS_ID_SIZE 61 struct device; struct phylink; struct sfp_bus; struct sfp_upstream_ops; struct sk_buff; /** * struct mdio_bus_stats - Statistics counters for MDIO busses * @transfers: Total number of transfers, i.e. @writes + @reads * @errors: Number of MDIO transfers that returned an error * @writes: Number of write transfers * @reads: Number of read transfers * @syncp: Synchronisation for incrementing statistics */ struct mdio_bus_stats { u64_stats_t transfers; u64_stats_t errors; u64_stats_t writes; u64_stats_t reads; /* Must be last, add new statistics above */ struct u64_stats_sync syncp; }; /** * struct phy_package_shared - Shared information in PHY packages * @addr: Common PHY address used to combine PHYs in one package * @refcnt: Number of PHYs connected to this shared data * @flags: Initialization of PHY package * @priv_size: Size of the shared private data @priv * @priv: Driver private data shared across a PHY package * * Represents a shared structure between different phydev's in the same * package, for example a quad PHY. See phy_package_join() and * phy_package_leave(). */ struct phy_package_shared { int addr; refcount_t refcnt; unsigned long flags; size_t priv_size; /* private data pointer */ /* note that this pointer is shared between different phydevs and * the user has to take care of appropriate locking. It is allocated * and freed automatically by phy_package_join() and * phy_package_leave(). */ void *priv; }; /* used as bit number in atomic bitops */ #define PHY_SHARED_F_INIT_DONE 0 #define PHY_SHARED_F_PROBE_DONE 1 /** * struct mii_bus - Represents an MDIO bus * * @owner: Who owns this device * @name: User friendly name for this MDIO device, or driver name * @id: Unique identifier for this bus, typical from bus hierarchy * @priv: Driver private data * * The Bus class for PHYs. Devices which provide access to * PHYs should register using this structure */ struct mii_bus { struct module *owner; const char *name; char id[MII_BUS_ID_SIZE]; void *priv; /** @read: Perform a read transfer on the bus */ int (*read)(struct mii_bus *bus, int addr, int regnum); /** @write: Perform a write transfer on the bus */ int (*write)(struct mii_bus *bus, int addr, int regnum, u16 val); /** @reset: Perform a reset of the bus */ int (*reset)(struct mii_bus *bus); /** @stats: Statistic counters per device on the bus */ struct mdio_bus_stats stats[PHY_MAX_ADDR]; /** * @mdio_lock: A lock to ensure that only one thing can read/write * the MDIO bus at a time */ struct mutex mdio_lock; /** @parent: Parent device of this bus */ struct device *parent; /** @state: State of bus structure */ enum { MDIOBUS_ALLOCATED = 1, MDIOBUS_REGISTERED, MDIOBUS_UNREGISTERED, MDIOBUS_RELEASED, } state; /** @dev: Kernel device representation */ struct device dev; /** @mdio_map: list of all MDIO devices on bus */ struct mdio_device *mdio_map[PHY_MAX_ADDR]; /** @phy_mask: PHY addresses to be ignored when probing */ u32 phy_mask; /** @phy_ignore_ta_mask: PHY addresses to ignore the TA/read failure */ u32 phy_ignore_ta_mask; /** * @irq: An array of interrupts, each PHY's interrupt at the index * matching its address */ int irq[PHY_MAX_ADDR]; /** @reset_delay_us: GPIO reset pulse width in microseconds */ int reset_delay_us; /** @reset_post_delay_us: GPIO reset deassert delay in microseconds */ int reset_post_delay_us; /** @reset_gpiod: Reset GPIO descriptor pointer */ struct gpio_desc *reset_gpiod; /** @probe_capabilities: bus capabilities, used for probing */ enum { MDIOBUS_NO_CAP = 0, MDIOBUS_C22, MDIOBUS_C45, MDIOBUS_C22_C45, } probe_capabilities; /** @shared_lock: protect access to the shared element */ struct mutex shared_lock; /** @shared: shared state across different PHYs */ struct phy_package_shared *shared[PHY_MAX_ADDR]; }; #define to_mii_bus(d) container_of(d, struct mii_bus, dev) struct mii_bus *mdiobus_alloc_size(size_t size); /** * mdiobus_alloc - Allocate an MDIO bus structure * * The internal state of the MDIO bus will be set of MDIOBUS_ALLOCATED ready * for the driver to register the bus. */ static inline struct mii_bus *mdiobus_alloc(void) { return mdiobus_alloc_size(0); } int __mdiobus_register(struct mii_bus *bus, struct module *owner); int __devm_mdiobus_register(struct device *dev, struct mii_bus *bus, struct module *owner); #define mdiobus_register(bus) __mdiobus_register(bus, THIS_MODULE) #define devm_mdiobus_register(dev, bus) \ __devm_mdiobus_register(dev, bus, THIS_MODULE) void mdiobus_unregister(struct mii_bus *bus); void mdiobus_free(struct mii_bus *bus); struct mii_bus *devm_mdiobus_alloc_size(struct device *dev, int sizeof_priv); static inline struct mii_bus *devm_mdiobus_alloc(struct device *dev) { return devm_mdiobus_alloc_size(dev, 0); } struct mii_bus *mdio_find_bus(const char *mdio_name); struct phy_device *mdiobus_scan(struct mii_bus *bus, int addr); #define PHY_INTERRUPT_DISABLED false #define PHY_INTERRUPT_ENABLED true /** * enum phy_state - PHY state machine states: * * @PHY_DOWN: PHY device and driver are not ready for anything. probe * should be called if and only if the PHY is in this state, * given that the PHY device exists. * - PHY driver probe function will set the state to @PHY_READY * * @PHY_READY: PHY is ready to send and receive packets, but the * controller is not. By default, PHYs which do not implement * probe will be set to this state by phy_probe(). * - start will set the state to UP * * @PHY_UP: The PHY and attached device are ready to do work. * Interrupts should be started here. * - timer moves to @PHY_NOLINK or @PHY_RUNNING * * @PHY_NOLINK: PHY is up, but not currently plugged in. * - irq or timer will set @PHY_RUNNING if link comes back * - phy_stop moves to @PHY_HALTED * * @PHY_RUNNING: PHY is currently up, running, and possibly sending * and/or receiving packets * - irq or timer will set @PHY_NOLINK if link goes down * - phy_stop moves to @PHY_HALTED * * @PHY_CABLETEST: PHY is performing a cable test. Packet reception/sending * is not expected to work, carrier will be indicated as down. PHY will be * poll once per second, or on interrupt for it current state. * Once complete, move to UP to restart the PHY. * - phy_stop aborts the running test and moves to @PHY_HALTED * * @PHY_HALTED: PHY is up, but no polling or interrupts are done. Or * PHY is in an error state. * - phy_start moves to @PHY_UP */ enum phy_state { PHY_DOWN = 0, PHY_READY, PHY_HALTED, PHY_UP, PHY_RUNNING, PHY_NOLINK, PHY_CABLETEST, }; #define MDIO_MMD_NUM 32 /** * struct phy_c45_device_ids - 802.3-c45 Device Identifiers * @devices_in_package: IEEE 802.3 devices in package register value. * @mmds_present: bit vector of MMDs present. * @device_ids: The device identifer for each present device. */ struct phy_c45_device_ids { u32 devices_in_package; u32 mmds_present; u32 device_ids[MDIO_MMD_NUM]; }; struct macsec_context; struct macsec_ops; /** * struct phy_device - An instance of a PHY * * @mdio: MDIO bus this PHY is on * @drv: Pointer to the driver for this PHY instance * @phy_id: UID for this device found during discovery * @c45_ids: 802.3-c45 Device Identifiers if is_c45. * @is_c45: Set to true if this PHY uses clause 45 addressing. * @is_internal: Set to true if this PHY is internal to a MAC. * @is_pseudo_fixed_link: Set to true if this PHY is an Ethernet switch, etc. * @is_gigabit_capable: Set to true if PHY supports 1000Mbps * @has_fixups: Set to true if this PHY has fixups/quirks. * @suspended: Set to true if this PHY has been suspended successfully. * @suspended_by_mdio_bus: Set to true if this PHY was suspended by MDIO bus. * @sysfs_links: Internal boolean tracking sysfs symbolic links setup/removal. * @loopback_enabled: Set true if this PHY has been loopbacked successfully. * @downshifted_rate: Set true if link speed has been downshifted. * @state: State of the PHY for management purposes * @dev_flags: Device-specific flags used by the PHY driver. * @irq: IRQ number of the PHY's interrupt (-1 if none) * @phy_timer: The timer for handling the state machine * @phylink: Pointer to phylink instance for this PHY * @sfp_bus_attached: Flag indicating whether the SFP bus has been attached * @sfp_bus: SFP bus attached to this PHY's fiber port * @attached_dev: The attached enet driver's device instance ptr * @adjust_link: Callback for the enet controller to respond to changes: in the * link state. * @phy_link_change: Callback for phylink for notification of link change * @macsec_ops: MACsec offloading ops. * * @speed: Current link speed * @duplex: Current duplex * @port: Current port * @pause: Current pause * @asym_pause: Current asymmetric pause * @supported: Combined MAC/PHY supported linkmodes * @advertising: Currently advertised linkmodes * @adv_old: Saved advertised while power saving for WoL * @lp_advertising: Current link partner advertised linkmodes * @eee_broken_modes: Energy efficient ethernet modes which should be prohibited * @autoneg: Flag autoneg being used * @link: Current link state * @autoneg_complete: Flag auto negotiation of the link has completed * @mdix: Current crossover * @mdix_ctrl: User setting of crossover * @interrupts: Flag interrupts have been enabled * @interface: enum phy_interface_t value * @skb: Netlink message for cable diagnostics * @nest: Netlink nest used for cable diagnostics * @ehdr: nNtlink header for cable diagnostics * @phy_led_triggers: Array of LED triggers * @phy_num_led_triggers: Number of triggers in @phy_led_triggers * @led_link_trigger: LED trigger for link up/down * @last_triggered: last LED trigger for link speed * @master_slave_set: User requested master/slave configuration * @master_slave_get: Current master/slave advertisement * @master_slave_state: Current master/slave configuration * @mii_ts: Pointer to time stamper callbacks * @lock: Mutex for serialization access to PHY * @state_queue: Work queue for state machine * @shared: Pointer to private data shared by phys in one package * @priv: Pointer to driver private data * * interrupts currently only supports enabled or disabled, * but could be changed in the future to support enabling * and disabling specific interrupts * * Contains some infrastructure for polling and interrupt * handling, as well as handling shifts in PHY hardware state */ struct phy_device { struct mdio_device mdio; /* Information about the PHY type */ /* And management functions */ struct phy_driver *drv; u32 phy_id; struct phy_c45_device_ids c45_ids; unsigned is_c45:1; unsigned is_internal:1; unsigned is_pseudo_fixed_link:1; unsigned is_gigabit_capable:1; unsigned has_fixups:1; unsigned suspended:1; unsigned suspended_by_mdio_bus:1; unsigned sysfs_links:1; unsigned loopback_enabled:1; unsigned downshifted_rate:1; unsigned autoneg:1; /* The most recently read link state */ unsigned link:1; unsigned autoneg_complete:1; /* Interrupts are enabled */ unsigned interrupts:1; enum phy_state state; u32 dev_flags; phy_interface_t interface; /* * forced speed & duplex (no autoneg) * partner speed & duplex & pause (autoneg) */ int speed; int duplex; int port; int pause; int asym_pause; u8 master_slave_get; u8 master_slave_set; u8 master_slave_state; /* Union of PHY and Attached devices' supported link modes */ /* See ethtool.h for more info */ __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(supported); __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(advertising); __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(lp_advertising); /* used with phy_speed_down */ __ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK(adv_old); /* Energy efficient ethernet modes which should be prohibited */ u32 eee_broken_modes; #ifdef CONFIG_LED_TRIGGER_PHY struct phy_led_trigger *phy_led_triggers; unsigned int phy_num_led_triggers; struct phy_led_trigger *last_triggered; struct phy_led_trigger *led_link_trigger; #endif /* * Interrupt number for this PHY * -1 means no interrupt */ int irq; /* private data pointer */ /* For use by PHYs to maintain extra state */ void *priv; /* shared data pointer */ /* For use by PHYs inside the same package that need a shared state. */ struct phy_package_shared *shared; /* Reporting cable test results */ struct sk_buff *skb; void *ehdr; struct nlattr *nest; /* Interrupt and Polling infrastructure */ struct delayed_work state_queue; struct mutex lock; /* This may be modified under the rtnl lock */ bool sfp_bus_attached; struct sfp_bus *sfp_bus; struct phylink *phylink; struct net_device *attached_dev; struct mii_timestamper *mii_ts; u8 mdix; u8 mdix_ctrl; void (*phy_link_change)(struct phy_device *phydev, bool up); void (*adjust_link)(struct net_device *dev); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MACSEC) /* MACsec management functions */ const struct macsec_ops *macsec_ops; #endif }; #define to_phy_device(d) container_of(to_mdio_device(d), \ struct phy_device, mdio) /** * struct phy_tdr_config - Configuration of a TDR raw test * * @first: Distance for first data collection point * @last: Distance for last data collection point * @step: Step between data collection points * @pair: Bitmap of cable pairs to collect data for * * A structure containing possible configuration parameters * for a TDR cable test. The driver does not need to implement * all the parameters, but should report what is actually used. * All distances are in centimeters. */ struct phy_tdr_config { u32 first; u32 last; u32 step; s8 pair; }; #define PHY_PAIR_ALL -1 /** * struct phy_driver - Driver structure for a particular PHY type * * @mdiodrv: Data common to all MDIO devices * @phy_id: The result of reading the UID registers of this PHY * type, and ANDing them with the phy_id_mask. This driver * only works for PHYs with IDs which match this field * @name: The friendly name of this PHY type * @phy_id_mask: Defines the important bits of the phy_id * @features: A mandatory list of features (speed, duplex, etc) * supported by this PHY * @flags: A bitfield defining certain other features this PHY * supports (like interrupts) * @driver_data: Static driver data * * All functions are optional. If config_aneg or read_status * are not implemented, the phy core uses the genphy versions. * Note that none of these functions should be called from * interrupt time. The goal is for the bus read/write functions * to be able to block when the bus transaction is happening, * and be freed up by an interrupt (The MPC85xx has this ability, * though it is not currently supported in the driver). */ struct phy_driver { struct mdio_driver_common mdiodrv; u32 phy_id; char *name; u32 phy_id_mask; const unsigned long * const features; u32 flags; const void *driver_data; /** * @soft_reset: Called to issue a PHY software reset */ int (*soft_reset)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * @config_init: Called to initialize the PHY, * including after a reset */ int (*config_init)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * @probe: Called during discovery. Used to set * up device-specific structures, if any */ int (*probe)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * @get_features: Probe the hardware to determine what * abilities it has. Should only set phydev->supported. */ int (*get_features)(struct phy_device *phydev); /* PHY Power Management */ /** @suspend: Suspend the hardware, saving state if needed */ int (*suspend)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** @resume: Resume the hardware, restoring state if needed */ int (*resume)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * @config_aneg: Configures the advertisement and resets * autonegotiation if phydev->autoneg is on, * forces the speed to the current settings in phydev * if phydev->autoneg is off */ int (*config_aneg)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** @aneg_done: Determines the auto negotiation result */ int (*aneg_done)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** @read_status: Determines the negotiated speed and duplex */ int (*read_status)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** @ack_interrupt: Clears any pending interrupts */ int (*ack_interrupt)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** @config_intr: Enables or disables interrupts */ int (*config_intr)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * @did_interrupt: Checks if the PHY generated an interrupt. * For multi-PHY devices with shared PHY interrupt pin * Set interrupt bits have to be cleared. */ int (*did_interrupt)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** @handle_interrupt: Override default interrupt handling */ irqreturn_t (*handle_interrupt)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** @remove: Clears up any memory if needed */ void (*remove)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * @match_phy_device: Returns true if this is a suitable * driver for the given phydev. If NULL, matching is based on * phy_id and phy_id_mask. */ int (*match_phy_device)(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * @set_wol: Some devices (e.g. qnap TS-119P II) require PHY * register changes to enable Wake on LAN, so set_wol is * provided to be called in the ethernet driver's set_wol * function. */ int (*set_wol)(struct phy_device *dev, struct ethtool_wolinfo *wol); /** * @get_wol: See set_wol, but for checking whether Wake on LAN * is enabled. */ void (*get_wol)(struct phy_device *dev, struct ethtool_wolinfo *wol); /** * @link_change_notify: Called to inform a PHY device driver * when the core is about to change the link state. This * callback is supposed to be used as fixup hook for drivers * that need to take action when the link state * changes. Drivers are by no means allowed to mess with the * PHY device structure in their implementations. */ void (*link_change_notify)(struct phy_device *dev); /** * @read_mmd: PHY specific driver override for reading a MMD * register. This function is optional for PHY specific * drivers. When not provided, the default MMD read function * will be used by phy_read_mmd(), which will use either a * direct read for Clause 45 PHYs or an indirect read for * Clause 22 PHYs. devnum is the MMD device number within the * PHY device, regnum is the register within the selected MMD * device. */ int (*read_mmd)(struct phy_device *dev, int devnum, u16 regnum); /** * @write_mmd: PHY specific driver override for writing a MMD * register. This function is optional for PHY specific * drivers. When not provided, the default MMD write function * will be used by phy_write_mmd(), which will use either a * direct write for Clause 45 PHYs, or an indirect write for * Clause 22 PHYs. devnum is the MMD device number within the * PHY device, regnum is the register within the selected MMD * device. val is the value to be written. */ int (*write_mmd)(struct phy_device *dev, int devnum, u16 regnum, u16 val); /** @read_page: Return the current PHY register page number */ int (*read_page)(struct phy_device *dev); /** @write_page: Set the current PHY register page number */ int (*write_page)(struct phy_device *dev, int page); /** * @module_info: Get the size and type of the eeprom contained * within a plug-in module */ int (*module_info)(struct phy_device *dev, struct ethtool_modinfo *modinfo); /** * @module_eeprom: Get the eeprom information from the plug-in * module */ int (*module_eeprom)(struct phy_device *dev, struct ethtool_eeprom *ee, u8 *data); /** @cable_test_start: Start a cable test */ int (*cable_test_start)(struct phy_device *dev); /** @cable_test_tdr_start: Start a raw TDR cable test */ int (*cable_test_tdr_start)(struct phy_device *dev, const struct phy_tdr_config *config); /** * @cable_test_get_status: Once per second, or on interrupt, * request the status of the test. */ int (*cable_test_get_status)(struct phy_device *dev, bool *finished); /* Get statistics from the PHY using ethtool */ /** @get_sset_count: Number of statistic counters */ int (*get_sset_count)(struct phy_device *dev); /** @get_strings: Names of the statistic counters */ void (*get_strings)(struct phy_device *dev, u8 *data); /** @get_stats: Return the statistic counter values */ void (*get_stats)(struct phy_device *dev, struct ethtool_stats *stats, u64 *data); /* Get and Set PHY tunables */ /** @get_tunable: Return the value of a tunable */ int (*get_tunable)(struct phy_device *dev, struct ethtool_tunable *tuna, void *data); /** @set_tunable: Set the value of a tunable */ int (*set_tunable)(struct phy_device *dev, struct ethtool_tunable *tuna, const void *data); /** @set_loopback: Set the loopback mood of the PHY */ int (*set_loopback)(struct phy_device *dev, bool enable); /** @get_sqi: Get the signal quality indication */ int (*get_sqi)(struct phy_device *dev); /** @get_sqi_max: Get the maximum signal quality indication */ int (*get_sqi_max)(struct phy_device *dev); }; #define to_phy_driver(d) container_of(to_mdio_common_driver(d), \ struct phy_driver, mdiodrv) #define PHY_ANY_ID "MATCH ANY PHY" #define PHY_ANY_UID 0xffffffff #define PHY_ID_MATCH_EXACT(id) .phy_id = (id), .phy_id_mask = GENMASK(31, 0) #define PHY_ID_MATCH_MODEL(id) .phy_id = (id), .phy_id_mask = GENMASK(31, 4) #define PHY_ID_MATCH_VENDOR(id) .phy_id = (id), .phy_id_mask = GENMASK(31, 10) /* A Structure for boards to register fixups with the PHY Lib */ struct phy_fixup { struct list_head list; char bus_id[MII_BUS_ID_SIZE + 3]; u32 phy_uid; u32 phy_uid_mask; int (*run)(struct phy_device *phydev); }; const char *phy_speed_to_str(int speed); const char *phy_duplex_to_str(unsigned int duplex); /* A structure for mapping a particular speed and duplex * combination to a particular SUPPORTED and ADVERTISED value */ struct phy_setting { u32 speed; u8 duplex; u8 bit; }; const struct phy_setting * phy_lookup_setting(int speed, int duplex, const unsigned long *mask, bool exact); size_t phy_speeds(unsigned int *speeds, size_t size, unsigned long *mask); void of_set_phy_supported(struct phy_device *phydev); void of_set_phy_eee_broken(struct phy_device *phydev); int phy_speed_down_core(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * phy_is_started - Convenience function to check whether PHY is started * @phydev: The phy_device struct */ static inline bool phy_is_started(struct phy_device *phydev) { return phydev->state >= PHY_UP; } void phy_resolve_aneg_pause(struct phy_device *phydev); void phy_resolve_aneg_linkmode(struct phy_device *phydev); void phy_check_downshift(struct phy_device *phydev); /** * phy_read - Convenience function for reading a given PHY register * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @regnum: register number to read * * NOTE: MUST NOT be called from interrupt context, * because the bus read/write functions may wait for an interrupt * to conclude the operation. */ static inline int phy_read(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum) { return mdiobus_read(phydev->mdio.bus, phydev->mdio.addr, regnum); } #define phy_read_poll_timeout(phydev, regnum, val, cond, sleep_us, \ timeout_us, sleep_before_read) \ ({ \ int __ret = read_poll_timeout(phy_read, val, (cond) || val < 0, \ sleep_us, timeout_us, sleep_before_read, phydev, regnum); \ if (val < 0) \ __ret = val; \ if (__ret) \ phydev_err(phydev, "%s failed: %d\n", __func__, __ret); \ __ret; \ }) /** * __phy_read - convenience function for reading a given PHY register * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @regnum: register number to read * * The caller must have taken the MDIO bus lock. */ static inline int __phy_read(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum) { return __mdiobus_read(phydev->mdio.bus, phydev->mdio.addr, regnum); } /** * phy_write - Convenience function for writing a given PHY register * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @regnum: register number to write * @val: value to write to @regnum * * NOTE: MUST NOT be called from interrupt context, * because the bus read/write functions may wait for an interrupt * to conclude the operation. */ static inline int phy_write(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return mdiobus_write(phydev->mdio.bus, phydev->mdio.addr, regnum, val); } /** * __phy_write - Convenience function for writing a given PHY register * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @regnum: register number to write * @val: value to write to @regnum * * The caller must have taken the MDIO bus lock. */ static inline int __phy_write(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return __mdiobus_write(phydev->mdio.bus, phydev->mdio.addr, regnum, val); } /** * __phy_modify_changed() - Convenience function for modifying a PHY register * @phydev: a pointer to a &struct phy_device * @regnum: register number * @mask: bit mask of bits to clear * @set: bit mask of bits to set * * Unlocked helper function which allows a PHY register to be modified as * new register value = (old register value & ~mask) | set * * Returns negative errno, 0 if there was no change, and 1 in case of change */ static inline int __phy_modify_changed(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set) { return __mdiobus_modify_changed(phydev->mdio.bus, phydev->mdio.addr, regnum, mask, set); } /* * phy_read_mmd - Convenience function for reading a register * from an MMD on a given PHY. */ int phy_read_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum); /** * phy_read_mmd_poll_timeout - Periodically poll a PHY register until a * condition is met or a timeout occurs * * @phydev: The phy_device struct * @devaddr: The MMD to read from * @regnum: The register on the MMD to read * @val: Variable to read the register into * @cond: Break condition (usually involving @val) * @sleep_us: Maximum time to sleep between reads in us (0 * tight-loops). Should be less than ~20ms since usleep_range * is used (see Documentation/timers/timers-howto.rst). * @timeout_us: Timeout in us, 0 means never timeout * @sleep_before_read: if it is true, sleep @sleep_us before read. * Returns 0 on success and -ETIMEDOUT upon a timeout. In either * case, the last read value at @args is stored in @val. Must not * be called from atomic context if sleep_us or timeout_us are used. */ #define phy_read_mmd_poll_timeout(phydev, devaddr, regnum, val, cond, \ sleep_us, timeout_us, sleep_before_read) \ ({ \ int __ret = read_poll_timeout(phy_read_mmd, val, (cond) || val < 0, \ sleep_us, timeout_us, sleep_before_read, \ phydev, devaddr, regnum); \ if (val < 0) \ __ret = val; \ if (__ret) \ phydev_err(phydev, "%s failed: %d\n", __func__, __ret); \ __ret; \ }) /* * __phy_read_mmd - Convenience function for reading a register * from an MMD on a given PHY. */ int __phy_read_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum); /* * phy_write_mmd - Convenience function for writing a register * on an MMD on a given PHY. */ int phy_write_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 val); /* * __phy_write_mmd - Convenience function for writing a register * on an MMD on a given PHY. */ int __phy_write_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 val); int __phy_modify_changed(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); int phy_modify_changed(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); int __phy_modify(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); int phy_modify(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); int __phy_modify_mmd_changed(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); int phy_modify_mmd_changed(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); int __phy_modify_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); int phy_modify_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 mask, u16 set); /** * __phy_set_bits - Convenience function for setting bits in a PHY register * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @regnum: register number to write * @val: bits to set * * The caller must have taken the MDIO bus lock. */ static inline int __phy_set_bits(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return __phy_modify(phydev, regnum, 0, val); } /** * __phy_clear_bits - Convenience function for clearing bits in a PHY register * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @regnum: register number to write * @val: bits to clear * * The caller must have taken the MDIO bus lock. */ static inline int __phy_clear_bits(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return __phy_modify(phydev, regnum, val, 0); } /** * phy_set_bits - Convenience function for setting bits in a PHY register * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @regnum: register number to write * @val: bits to set */ static inline int phy_set_bits(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return phy_modify(phydev, regnum, 0, val); } /** * phy_clear_bits - Convenience function for clearing bits in a PHY register * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @regnum: register number to write * @val: bits to clear */ static inline int phy_clear_bits(struct phy_device *phydev, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return phy_modify(phydev, regnum, val, 0); } /** * __phy_set_bits_mmd - Convenience function for setting bits in a register * on MMD * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @devad: the MMD containing register to modify * @regnum: register number to modify * @val: bits to set * * The caller must have taken the MDIO bus lock. */ static inline int __phy_set_bits_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return __phy_modify_mmd(phydev, devad, regnum, 0, val); } /** * __phy_clear_bits_mmd - Convenience function for clearing bits in a register * on MMD * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @devad: the MMD containing register to modify * @regnum: register number to modify * @val: bits to clear * * The caller must have taken the MDIO bus lock. */ static inline int __phy_clear_bits_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return __phy_modify_mmd(phydev, devad, regnum, val, 0); } /** * phy_set_bits_mmd - Convenience function for setting bits in a register * on MMD * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @devad: the MMD containing register to modify * @regnum: register number to modify * @val: bits to set */ static inline int phy_set_bits_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return phy_modify_mmd(phydev, devad, regnum, 0, val); } /** * phy_clear_bits_mmd - Convenience function for clearing bits in a register * on MMD * @phydev: the phy_device struct * @devad: the MMD containing register to modify * @regnum: register number to modify * @val: bits to clear */ static inline int phy_clear_bits_mmd(struct phy_device *phydev, int devad, u32 regnum, u16 val) { return phy_modify_mmd(phydev, devad, regnum, val, 0); } /** * phy_interrupt_is_valid - Convenience function for testing a given PHY irq * @phydev: the phy_device struct * * NOTE: must be kept in sync with addition/removal of PHY_POLL and * PHY_IGNORE_INTERRUPT */ static inline bool phy_interrupt_is_valid(struct phy_device *phydev) { return phydev->irq != PHY_POLL && phydev->irq != PHY_IGNORE_INTERRUPT; } /** * phy_polling_mode - Convenience function for testing whether polling is * used to detect PHY status changes * @phydev: the phy_device struct */ static inline bool phy_polling_mode(struct phy_device *phydev) { if (phydev->state == PHY_CABLETEST) if (phydev->drv->flags & PHY_POLL_CABLE_TEST) return true; return phydev->irq == PHY_POLL; } /** * phy_has_hwtstamp - Tests whether a PHY time stamp configuration. * @phydev: the phy_device struct */ static inline bool phy_has_hwtstamp(struct phy_device *phydev) { return phydev && phydev->mii_ts && phydev->mii_ts->hwtstamp; } /** * phy_has_rxtstamp - Tests whether a PHY supports receive time stamp