1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H #define _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/futex.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/smap.h> #define unsafe_atomic_op1(insn, oval, uaddr, oparg, label) \ do { \ int oldval = 0, ret; \ asm volatile("1:\t" insn "\n" \ "2:\n" \ "\t.section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3:\tmov\t%3, %1\n" \ "\tjmp\t2b\n" \ "\t.previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \ : "=r" (oldval), "=r" (ret), "+m" (*uaddr) \ : "i" (-EFAULT), "0" (oparg), "1" (0)); \ if (ret) \ goto label; \ *oval = oldval; \ } while(0) #define unsafe_atomic_op2(insn, oval, uaddr, oparg, label) \ do { \ int oldval = 0, ret, tem; \ asm volatile("1:\tmovl %2, %0\n" \ "2:\tmovl\t%0, %3\n" \ "\t" insn "\n" \ "3:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %3, %2\n" \ "\tjnz\t2b\n" \ "4:\n" \ "\t.section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "5:\tmov\t%5, %1\n" \ "\tjmp\t4b\n" \ "\t.previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 5b) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(3b, 5b) \ : "=&a" (oldval), "=&r" (ret), \ "+m" (*uaddr), "=&r" (tem) \ : "r" (oparg), "i" (-EFAULT), "1" (0)); \ if (ret) \ goto label; \ *oval = oldval; \ } while(0) static __always_inline int arch_futex_atomic_op_inuser(int op, int oparg, int *oval, u32 __user *uaddr) { if (!user_access_begin(uaddr, sizeof(u32))) return -EFAULT; switch (op) { case FUTEX_OP_SET: unsafe_atomic_op1("xchgl %0, %2", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_ADD: unsafe_atomic_op1(LOCK_PREFIX "xaddl %0, %2", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_OR: unsafe_atomic_op2("orl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_ANDN: unsafe_atomic_op2("andl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, ~oparg, Efault); break; case FUTEX_OP_XOR: unsafe_atomic_op2("xorl %4, %3", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault); break; default: user_access_end(); return -ENOSYS; } user_access_end(); return 0; Efault: user_access_end(); return -EFAULT; } static inline int futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(u32 *uval, u32 __user *uaddr, u32 oldval, u32 newval) { int ret = 0; if (!user_access_begin(uaddr, sizeof(u32))) return -EFAULT; asm volatile("\n" "1:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %4, %2\n" "2:\n" "\t.section .fixup, \"ax\"\n" "3:\tmov %3, %0\n" "\tjmp 2b\n" "\t.previous\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) : "+r" (ret), "=a" (oldval), "+m" (*uaddr) : "i" (-EFAULT), "r" (newval), "1" (oldval) : "memory" ); user_access_end(); *uval = oldval; return ret; } #endif #endif /* _ASM_X86_FUTEX_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _INET_ECN_H_ #define _INET_ECN_H_ #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/if_vlan.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/dsfield.h> enum { INET_ECN_NOT_ECT = 0, INET_ECN_ECT_1 = 1, INET_ECN_ECT_0 = 2, INET_ECN_CE = 3, INET_ECN_MASK = 3, }; extern int sysctl_tunnel_ecn_log; static inline int INET_ECN_is_ce(__u8 dsfield) { return (dsfield & INET_ECN_MASK) == INET_ECN_CE; } static inline int INET_ECN_is_not_ect(__u8 dsfield) { return (dsfield & INET_ECN_MASK) == INET_ECN_NOT_ECT; } static inline int INET_ECN_is_capable(__u8 dsfield) { return dsfield & INET_ECN_ECT_0; } /* * RFC 3168 9.1.1 * The full-functionality option for ECN encapsulation is to copy the * ECN codepoint of the inside header to the outside header on * encapsulation if the inside header is not-ECT or ECT, and to set the * ECN codepoint of the outside header to ECT(0) if the ECN codepoint of * the inside header is CE. */ static inline __u8 INET_ECN_encapsulate(__u8 outer, __u8 inner) { outer &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; outer |= !INET_ECN_is_ce(inner) ? (inner & INET_ECN_MASK) : INET_ECN_ECT_0; return outer; } static inline void INET_ECN_xmit(struct sock *sk) { inet_sk(sk)->tos |= INET_ECN_ECT_0; if (inet6_sk(sk) != NULL) inet6_sk(sk)->tclass |= INET_ECN_ECT_0; } static inline void INET_ECN_dontxmit(struct sock *sk) { inet_sk(sk)->tos &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; if (inet6_sk(sk) != NULL) inet6_sk(sk)->tclass &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; } #define IP6_ECN_flow_init(label) do { \ (label) &= ~htonl(INET_ECN_MASK << 20); \ } while (0) #define IP6_ECN_flow_xmit(sk, label) do { \ if (INET_ECN_is_capable(inet6_sk(sk)->tclass)) \ (label) |= htonl(INET_ECN_ECT_0 << 20); \ } while (0) static inline int IP_ECN_set_ce(struct iphdr *iph) { u32 check = (__force u32)iph->check; u32 ecn = (iph->tos + 1) & INET_ECN_MASK; /* * After the last operation we have (in binary): * INET_ECN_NOT_ECT => 01 * INET_ECN_ECT_1 => 10 * INET_ECN_ECT_0 => 11 * INET_ECN_CE => 00 */ if (!(ecn & 2)) return !ecn; /* * The following gives us: * INET_ECN_ECT_1 => check += htons(0xFFFD) * INET_ECN_ECT_0 => check += htons(0xFFFE) */ check += (__force u16)htons(0xFFFB) + (__force u16)htons(ecn); iph->check = (__force __sum16)(check + (check>=0xFFFF)); iph->tos |= INET_ECN_CE; return 1; } static inline int IP_ECN_set_ect1(struct iphdr *iph) { u32 check = (__force u32)iph->check; if ((iph->tos & INET_ECN_MASK) != INET_ECN_ECT_0) return 0; check += (__force u16)htons(0x1); iph->check = (__force __sum16)(check + (check>=0xFFFF)); iph->tos ^= INET_ECN_MASK; return 1; } static inline void IP_ECN_clear(struct iphdr *iph) { iph->tos &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; } static inline void ipv4_copy_dscp(unsigned int dscp, struct iphdr *inner) { dscp &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; ipv4_change_dsfield(inner, INET_ECN_MASK, dscp); } struct ipv6hdr; /* Note: * IP_ECN_set_ce() has to tweak IPV4 checksum when setting CE, * meaning both changes have no effect on skb->csum if/when CHECKSUM_COMPLETE * In IPv6 case, no checksum compensates the change in IPv6 header, * so we have to update skb->csum. */ static inline int IP6_ECN_set_ce(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6hdr *iph) { __be32 from, to; if (INET_ECN_is_not_ect(ipv6_get_dsfield(iph))) return 0; from = *(__be32 *)iph; to = from | htonl(INET_ECN_CE << 20); *(__be32 *)iph = to; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_add(csum_sub(skb->csum, (__force __wsum)from), (__force __wsum)to); return 1; } static inline int IP6_ECN_set_ect1(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6hdr *iph) { __be32 from, to; if ((ipv6_get_dsfield(iph) & INET_ECN_MASK) != INET_ECN_ECT_0) return 0; from = *(__be32 *)iph; to = from ^ htonl(INET_ECN_MASK << 20); *(__be32 *)iph = to; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_add(csum_sub(skb->csum, (__force __wsum)from), (__force __wsum)to); return 1; } static inline void ipv6_copy_dscp(unsigned int dscp, struct ipv6hdr *inner) { dscp &= ~INET_ECN_MASK; ipv6_change_dsfield(inner, INET_ECN_MASK, dscp); } static inline int INET_ECN_set_ce(struct sk_buff *skb) { switch (skb_protocol(skb, true)) { case cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IP): if (skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct iphdr) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return IP_ECN_set_ce(ip_hdr(skb)); break; case cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IPV6): if (skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return IP6_ECN_set_ce(skb, ipv6_hdr(skb)); break; } return 0; } static inline int INET_ECN_set_ect1(struct sk_buff *skb) { switch (skb_protocol(skb, true)) { case cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IP): if (skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct iphdr) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return IP_ECN_set_ect1(ip_hdr(skb)); break; case cpu_to_be16(ETH_P_IPV6): if (skb_network_header(skb) + sizeof(struct ipv6hdr) <= skb_tail_pointer(skb)) return IP6_ECN_set_ect1(skb, ipv6_hdr(skb)); break; } return 0; } /* * RFC 6040 4.2 * To decapsulate the inner header at the tunnel egress, a compliant * tunnel egress MUST set the outgoing ECN field to the codepoint at the * intersection of the appropriate arriving inner header (row) and outer * header (column) in Figure 4 * * +---------+------------------------------------------------+ * |Arriving | Arriving Outer Header | * | Inner +---------+------------+------------+------------+ * | Header | Not-ECT | ECT(0) | ECT(1) | CE | * +---------+---------+------------+------------+------------+ * | Not-ECT | Not-ECT |Not-ECT(!!!)|Not-ECT(!!!)| <drop>(!!!)| * | ECT(0) | ECT(0) | ECT(0) | ECT(1) | CE | * | ECT(1) | ECT(1) | ECT(1) (!) | ECT(1) | CE | * | CE | CE | CE | CE(!!!)| CE | * +---------+---------+------------+------------+------------+ * * Figure 4: New IP in IP Decapsulation Behaviour * * returns 0 on success * 1 if something is broken and should be logged (!!! above) * 2 if packet should be dropped */ static inline int __INET_ECN_decapsulate(__u8 outer, __u8 inner, bool *set_ce) { if (INET_ECN_is_not_ect(inner)) { switch (outer & INET_ECN_MASK) { case INET_ECN_NOT_ECT: return 0; case INET_ECN_ECT_0: case INET_ECN_ECT_1: return 1; case INET_ECN_CE: return 2; } } *set_ce = INET_ECN_is_ce(outer); return 0; } static inline int INET_ECN_decapsulate(struct sk_buff *skb, __u8 outer, __u8 inner) { bool set_ce = false; int rc; rc = __INET_ECN_decapsulate(outer, inner, &set_ce); if (!rc) { if (set_ce) INET_ECN_set_ce(skb); else if ((outer & INET_ECN_MASK) == INET_ECN_ECT_1) INET_ECN_set_ect1(skb); } return rc; } static inline int IP_ECN_decapsulate(const struct iphdr *oiph, struct sk_buff *skb) { __u8 inner; switch (skb_protocol(skb, true)) { case htons(ETH_P_IP): inner = ip_hdr(skb)->tos; break; case htons(ETH_P_IPV6): inner = ipv6_get_dsfield(ipv6_hdr(skb)); break; default: return 0; } return INET_ECN_decapsulate(skb, oiph->tos, inner); } static inline int IP6_ECN_decapsulate(const struct ipv6hdr *oipv6h, struct sk_buff *skb) { __u8 inner; switch (skb_protocol(skb, true)) { case htons(ETH_P_IP): inner = ip_hdr(skb)->tos; break; case htons(ETH_P_IPV6): inner = ipv6_get_dsfield(ipv6_hdr(skb)); break; default: return 0; } return INET_ECN_decapsulate(skb, ipv6_get_dsfield(oipv6h), inner); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __MAC802154_DRIVER_OPS #define __MAC802154_DRIVER_OPS #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/mac802154.h> #include "ieee802154_i.h" #include "trace.h" static inline int drv_xmit_async(struct ieee802154_local *local, struct sk_buff *skb) { return local->ops->xmit_async(&local->hw, skb); } static inline int drv_xmit_sync(struct ieee802154_local *local, struct sk_buff *skb) { might_sleep(); return local->ops->xmit_sync(&local->hw, skb); } static inline int drv_start(struct ieee802154_local *local) { int ret; might_sleep(); trace_802154_drv_start(local); local->started = true; smp_mb(); ret = local->ops->start(&local->hw); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline void drv_stop(struct ieee802154_local *local) { might_sleep(); trace_802154_drv_stop(local); local->ops->stop(&local->hw); trace_802154_drv_return_void(local); /* sync away all work on the tasklet before clearing started */ tasklet_disable(&local->tasklet); tasklet_enable(&local->tasklet); barrier(); local->started = false; } static inline int drv_set_channel(struct ieee802154_local *local, u8 page, u8 channel) { int ret; might_sleep(); trace_802154_drv_set_channel(local, page, channel); ret = local->ops->set_channel(&local->hw, page, channel); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_tx_power(struct ieee802154_local *local, s32 mbm) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_txpower) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_tx_power(local, mbm); ret = local->ops->set_txpower(&local->hw, mbm); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_cca_mode(struct ieee802154_local *local, const struct wpan_phy_cca *cca) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_cca_mode) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_cca_mode(local, cca); ret = local->ops->set_cca_mode(&local->hw, cca); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_lbt_mode(struct ieee802154_local *local, bool mode) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_lbt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_lbt_mode(local, mode); ret = local->ops->set_lbt(&local->hw, mode); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_cca_ed_level(struct ieee802154_local *local, s32 mbm) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_cca_ed_level) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_cca_ed_level(local, mbm); ret = local->ops->set_cca_ed_level(&local->hw, mbm); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_pan_id(struct ieee802154_local *local, __le16 pan_id) { struct ieee802154_hw_addr_filt filt; int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } filt.pan_id = pan_id; trace_802154_drv_set_pan_id(local, pan_id); ret = local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt(&local->hw, &filt, IEEE802154_AFILT_PANID_CHANGED); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_extended_addr(struct ieee802154_local *local, __le64 extended_addr) { struct ieee802154_hw_addr_filt filt; int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } filt.ieee_addr = extended_addr; trace_802154_drv_set_extended_addr(local, extended_addr); ret = local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt(&local->hw, &filt, IEEE802154_AFILT_IEEEADDR_CHANGED); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_short_addr(struct ieee802154_local *local, __le16 short_addr) { struct ieee802154_hw_addr_filt filt; int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } filt.short_addr = short_addr; trace_802154_drv_set_short_addr(local, short_addr); ret = local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt(&local->hw, &filt, IEEE802154_AFILT_SADDR_CHANGED); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_pan_coord(struct ieee802154_local *local, bool is_coord) { struct ieee802154_hw_addr_filt filt; int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } filt.pan_coord = is_coord; trace_802154_drv_set_pan_coord(local, is_coord); ret = local->ops->set_hw_addr_filt(&local->hw, &filt, IEEE802154_AFILT_PANC_CHANGED); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_csma_params(struct ieee802154_local *local, u8 min_be, u8 max_be, u8 max_csma_backoffs) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_csma_params) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_csma_params(local, min_be, max_be, max_csma_backoffs); ret = local->ops->set_csma_params(&local->hw, min_be, max_be, max_csma_backoffs); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_max_frame_retries(struct ieee802154_local *local, s8 max_frame_retries) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_frame_retries) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_max_frame_retries(local, max_frame_retries); ret = local->ops->set_frame_retries(&local->hw, max_frame_retries); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } static inline int drv_set_promiscuous_mode(struct ieee802154_local *local, bool on) { int ret; might_sleep(); if (!local->ops->set_promiscuous_mode) { WARN_ON(1); return -EOPNOTSUPP; } trace_802154_drv_set_promiscuous_mode(local, on); ret = local->ops->set_promiscuous_mode(&local->hw, on); trace_802154_drv_return_int(local, ret); return ret; } #endif /* __MAC802154_DRIVER_OPS */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 /* Copyright (C) 2016 Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com>. All Rights Reserved. * * This file is provided under a dual BSD/GPLv2 license. * * SipHash: a fast short-input PRF * https://131002.net/siphash/ * * This implementation is specifically for SipHash2-4 for a secure PRF * and HalfSipHash1-3/SipHash1-3 for an insecure PRF only suitable for * hashtables. */ #ifndef _LINUX_SIPHASH_H #define _LINUX_SIPHASH_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #define SIPHASH_ALIGNMENT __alignof__(u64) typedef struct { u64 key[2]; } siphash_key_t; static inline bool siphash_key_is_zero(const siphash_key_t *key) { return !(key->key[0] | key->key[1]); } u64 __siphash_aligned(const void *data, size_t len, const siphash_key_t *key); u64 __siphash_unaligned(const void *data, size_t len, const siphash_key_t *key); u64 siphash_1u64(const u64 a, const siphash_key_t *key); u64 siphash_2u64(const u64 a, const u64 b, const siphash_key_t *key); u64 siphash_3u64(const u64 a, const u64 b, const u64 c, const siphash_key_t *key); u64 siphash_4u64(const u64 a, const u64 b, const u64 c, const u64 d, const siphash_key_t *key); u64 siphash_1u32(const u32 a, const siphash_key_t *key); u64 siphash_3u32(const u32 a, const u32 b, const u32 c, const siphash_key_t *key); static inline u64 siphash_2u32(const u32 a, const u32 b, const siphash_key_t *key) { return siphash_1u64((u64)b << 32 | a, key); } static inline u64 siphash_4u32(const u32 a, const u32 b, const u32 c, const u32 d, const siphash_key_t *key) { return siphash_2u64((u64)b << 32 | a, (u64)d << 32 | c, key); } static inline u64 ___siphash_aligned(const __le64 *data, size_t len, const siphash_key_t *key) { if (__builtin_constant_p(len) && len == 4) return siphash_1u32(le32_to_cpup((const __le32 *)data), key); if (__builtin_constant_p(len) && len == 8) return siphash_1u64(le64_to_cpu(data[0]), key); if (__builtin_constant_p(len) && len == 16) return siphash_2u64(le64_to_cpu(data[0]), le64_to_cpu(data[1]), key); if (__builtin_constant_p(len) && len == 24) return siphash_3u64(le64_to_cpu(data[0]), le64_to_cpu(data[1]), le64_to_cpu(data[2]), key); if (__builtin_constant_p(len) && len == 32) return siphash_4u64(le64_to_cpu(data[0]), le64_to_cpu(data[1]), le64_to_cpu(data[2]), le64_to_cpu(data[3]), key); return __siphash_aligned(data, len, key); } /** * siphash - compute 64-bit siphash PRF value * @data: buffer to hash * @size: size of @data * @key: the siphash key */ static inline u64 siphash(const void *data, size_t len, const siphash_key_t *key) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) || !IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)data, SIPHASH_ALIGNMENT)) return __siphash_unaligned(data, len, key); return ___siphash_aligned(data, len, key); } #define HSIPHASH_ALIGNMENT __alignof__(unsigned long) typedef struct { unsigned long key[2]; } hsiphash_key_t; u32 __hsiphash_aligned(const void *data, size_t len, const hsiphash_key_t *key); u32 __hsiphash_unaligned(const void *data, size_t len, const hsiphash_key_t *key); u32 hsiphash_1u32(const u32 a, const hsiphash_key_t *key); u32 hsiphash_2u32(const u32 a, const u32 b, const hsiphash_key_t *key); u32 hsiphash_3u32(const u32 a, const u32 b, const u32 c, const hsiphash_key_t *key); u32 hsiphash_4u32(const u32 a, const u32 b, const u32 c, const u32 d, const hsiphash_key_t *key); static inline u32 ___hsiphash_aligned(const __le32 *data, size_t len, const hsiphash_key_t *key) { if (__builtin_constant_p(len) && len == 4) return hsiphash_1u32(le32_to_cpu(data[0]), key); if (__builtin_constant_p(len) && len == 8) return hsiphash_2u32(le32_to_cpu(data[0]), le32_to_cpu(data[1]), key); if (__builtin_constant_p(len) && len == 12) return hsiphash_3u32(le32_to_cpu(data[0]), le32_to_cpu(data[1]), le32_to_cpu(data[2]), key); if (__builtin_constant_p(len) && len == 16) return hsiphash_4u32(le32_to_cpu(data[0]), le32_to_cpu(data[1]), le32_to_cpu(data[2]), le32_to_cpu(data[3]), key); return __hsiphash_aligned(data, len, key); } /** * hsiphash - compute 32-bit hsiphash PRF value * @data: buffer to hash * @size: size of @data * @key: the hsiphash key */ static inline u32 hsiphash(const void *data, size_t len, const hsiphash_key_t *key) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) || !IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)data, HSIPHASH_ALIGNMENT)) return __hsiphash_unaligned(data, len, key); return ___hsiphash_aligned(data, len, key); } #endif /* _LINUX_SIPHASH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PID_NS_H #define _LINUX_PID_NS_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/idr.h> /* MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL is needed for limiting size of 'struct pid' */ #define MAX_PID_NS_LEVEL 32 struct fs_pin; struct pid_namespace { struct kref kref; struct idr idr; struct rcu_head rcu; unsigned int pid_allocated; struct task_struct *child_reaper; struct kmem_cache *pid_cachep; unsigned int level; struct pid_namespace *parent; #ifdef CONFIG_BSD_PROCESS_ACCT struct fs_pin *bacct; #endif struct user_namespace *user_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; int reboot; /* group exit code if this pidns was rebooted */ struct ns_common ns; } __randomize_layout; extern struct pid_namespace init_pid_ns; #define PIDNS_ADDING (1U << 31) #ifdef CONFIG_PID_NS static inline struct pid_namespace *get_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { if (ns != &init_pid_ns) kref_get(&ns->kref); return ns; } extern struct pid_namespace *copy_pid_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct pid_namespace *ns); extern void zap_pid_ns_processes(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns); extern int reboot_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns, int cmd); extern void put_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns); #else /* !CONFIG_PID_NS */ #include <linux/err.h> static inline struct pid_namespace *get_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { return ns; } static inline struct pid_namespace *copy_pid_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct pid_namespace *ns) { if (flags & CLONE_NEWPID) ns = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return ns; } static inline void put_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *ns) { } static inline void zap_pid_ns_processes(struct pid_namespace *ns) { BUG(); } static inline int reboot_pid_ns(struct pid_namespace *pid_ns, int cmd) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PID_NS */ extern struct pid_namespace *task_active_pid_ns(struct task_struct *tsk); void pidhash_init(void); void pid_idr_init(void); #endif /* _LINUX_PID_NS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_SPECIAL_INSNS_H #define _ASM_X86_SPECIAL_INSNS_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <asm/nops.h> #include <asm/processor-flags.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> /* * The compiler should not reorder volatile asm statements with respect to each * other: they should execute in program order. However GCC 4.9.x and 5.x have * a bug (which was fixed in 8.1, 7.3 and 6.5) where they might reorder * volatile asm. The write functions are not affected since they have memory * clobbers preventing reordering. To prevent reads from being reordered with * respect to writes, use a dummy memory operand. */ #define __FORCE_ORDER "m"(*(unsigned int *)0x1000UL) void native_write_cr0(unsigned long val); static inline unsigned long native_read_cr0(void) { unsigned long val; asm volatile("mov %%cr0,%0\n\t" : "=r" (val) : __FORCE_ORDER); return val; } static __always_inline unsigned long native_read_cr2(void) { unsigned long val; asm volatile("mov %%cr2,%0\n\t" : "=r" (val) : __FORCE_ORDER); return val; } static __always_inline void native_write_cr2(unsigned long val) { asm volatile("mov %0,%%cr2": : "r" (val) : "memory"); } static inline unsigned long __native_read_cr3(void) { unsigned long val; asm volatile("mov %%cr3,%0\n\t" : "=r" (val) : __FORCE_ORDER); return val; } static inline void native_write_cr3(unsigned long val) { asm volatile("mov %0,%%cr3": : "r" (val) : "memory"); } static inline unsigned long native_read_cr4(void) { unsigned long val; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* * This could fault if CR4 does not exist. Non-existent CR4 * is functionally equivalent to CR4 == 0. Keep it simple and pretend * that CR4 == 0 on CPUs that don't have CR4. */ asm volatile("1: mov %%cr4, %0\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 2b) : "=r" (val) : "0" (0), __FORCE_ORDER); #else /* CR4 always exists on x86_64. */ asm volatile("mov %%cr4,%0\n\t" : "=r" (val) : __FORCE_ORDER); #endif return val; } void native_write_cr4(unsigned long val); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS static inline u32 rdpkru(void) { u32 ecx = 0; u32 edx, pkru; /* * "rdpkru" instruction. Places PKRU contents in to EAX, * clears EDX and requires that ecx=0. */ asm volatile(".byte 0x0f,0x01,0xee\n\t" : "=a" (pkru), "=d" (edx) : "c" (ecx)); return pkru; } static inline void wrpkru(u32 pkru) { u32 ecx = 0, edx = 0; /* * "wrpkru" instruction. Loads contents in EAX to PKRU, * requires that ecx = edx = 0. */ asm volatile(".byte 0x0f,0x01,0xef\n\t" : : "a" (pkru), "c"(ecx), "d"(edx)); } static inline void __write_pkru(u32 pkru) { /* * WRPKRU is relatively expensive compared to RDPKRU. * Avoid WRPKRU when it would not change the value. */ if (pkru == rdpkru()) return; wrpkru(pkru); } #else static inline u32 rdpkru(void) { return 0; } static inline void __write_pkru(u32 pkru) { } #endif static inline void native_wbinvd(void) { asm volatile("wbinvd": : :"memory"); } extern asmlinkage void asm_load_gs_index(unsigned int selector); static inline void native_load_gs_index(unsigned int selector) { unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); asm_load_gs_index(selector); local_irq_restore(flags); } static inline unsigned long __read_cr4(void) { return native_read_cr4(); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else static inline unsigned long read_cr0(void) { return native_read_cr0(); } static inline void write_cr0(unsigned long x) { native_write_cr0(x); } static __always_inline unsigned long read_cr2(void) { return native_read_cr2(); } static __always_inline void write_cr2(unsigned long x) { native_write_cr2(x); } /* * Careful! CR3 contains more than just an address. You probably want * read_cr3_pa() instead. */ static inline unsigned long __read_cr3(void) { return __native_read_cr3(); } static inline void write_cr3(unsigned long x) { native_write_cr3(x); } static inline void __write_cr4(unsigned long x) { native_write_cr4(x); } static inline void wbinvd(void) { native_wbinvd(); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static inline void load_gs_index(unsigned int selector) { native_load_gs_index(selector); } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ static inline void clflush(volatile void *__p) { asm volatile("clflush %0" : "+m" (*(volatile char __force *)__p)); } static inline void clflushopt(volatile void *__p) { alternative_io(".byte " __stringify(NOP_DS_PREFIX) "; clflush %P0", ".byte 0x66; clflush %P0", X86_FEATURE_CLFLUSHOPT, "+m" (*(volatile char __force *)__p)); } static inline void clwb(volatile void *__p) { volatile struct { char x[64]; } *p = __p; asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE_2( ".byte " __stringify(NOP_DS_PREFIX) "; clflush (%[pax])", ".byte 0x66; clflush (%[pax])", /* clflushopt (%%rax) */ X86_FEATURE_CLFLUSHOPT, ".byte 0x66, 0x0f, 0xae, 0x30", /* clwb (%%rax) */ X86_FEATURE_CLWB) : [p] "+m" (*p) : [pax] "a" (p)); } #define nop() asm volatile ("nop") static inline void serialize(void) { /* Instruction opcode for SERIALIZE; supported in binutils >= 2.35. */ asm volatile(".byte 0xf, 0x1, 0xe8" ::: "memory"); } /* The dst parameter must be 64-bytes aligned */ static inline void movdir64b(void *dst, const void *src) { const struct { char _[64]; } *__src = src; struct { char _[64]; } *__dst = dst; /* * MOVDIR64B %(rdx), rax. * * Both __src and __dst must be memory constraints in order to tell the * compiler that no other memory accesses should be reordered around * this one. * * Also, both must be supplied as lvalues because this tells * the compiler what the object is (its size) the instruction accesses. * I.e., not the pointers but what they point to, thus the deref'ing '*'. */ asm volatile(".byte 0x66, 0x0f, 0x38, 0xf8, 0x02" : "+m" (*__dst) : "m" (*__src), "a" (__dst), "d" (__src)); } /** * enqcmds - Enqueue a command in supervisor (CPL0) mode * @dst: destination, in MMIO space (must be 512-bit aligned) * @src: 512 bits memory operand * * The ENQCMDS instruction allows software to write a 512-bit command to * a 512-bit-aligned special MMIO region that supports the instruction. * A return status is loaded into the ZF flag in the RFLAGS register. * ZF = 0 equates to success, and ZF = 1 indicates retry or error. * * This function issues the ENQCMDS instruction to submit data from * kernel space to MMIO space, in a unit of 512 bits. Order of data access * is not guaranteed, nor is a memory barrier performed afterwards. It * returns 0 on success and -EAGAIN on failure. * * Warning: Do not use this helper unless your driver has checked that the * ENQCMDS instruction is supported on the platform and the device accepts * ENQCMDS. */ static inline int enqcmds(void __iomem *dst, const void *src) { const struct { char _[64]; } *__src = src; struct { char _[64]; } __iomem *__dst = dst; bool zf; /* * ENQCMDS %(rdx), rax * * See movdir64b()'s comment on operand specification. */ asm volatile(".byte 0xf3, 0x0f, 0x38, 0xf8, 0x02, 0x66, 0x90" CC_SET(z) : CC_OUT(z) (zf), "+m" (*__dst) : "m" (*__src), "a" (__dst), "d" (__src)); /* Submission failure is indicated via EFLAGS.ZF=1 */ if (zf) return -EAGAIN; return 0; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_SPECIAL_INSNS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/pagevec.h * * In many places it is efficient to batch an operation up against multiple * pages. A pagevec is a multipage container which is used for that. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PAGEVEC_H #define _LINUX_PAGEVEC_H #include <linux/xarray.h> /* 15 pointers + header align the pagevec structure to a power of two */ #define PAGEVEC_SIZE 15 struct page; struct address_space; struct pagevec { unsigned char nr; bool percpu_pvec_drained; struct page *pages[PAGEVEC_SIZE]; }; void __pagevec_release(struct pagevec *pvec); void __pagevec_lru_add(struct pagevec *pvec); unsigned pagevec_lookup_entries(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, unsigned nr_entries, pgoff_t *indices); void pagevec_remove_exceptionals(struct pagevec *pvec); unsigned pagevec_lookup_range(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *start, pgoff_t end); static inline unsigned pagevec_lookup(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *start) { return pagevec_lookup_range(pvec, mapping, start, (pgoff_t)-1); } unsigned pagevec_lookup_range_tag(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, pgoff_t end, xa_mark_t tag); unsigned pagevec_lookup_range_nr_tag(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, pgoff_t end, xa_mark_t tag, unsigned max_pages); static inline unsigned pagevec_lookup_tag(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, xa_mark_t tag) { return pagevec_lookup_range_tag(pvec, mapping, index, (pgoff_t)-1, tag); } static inline void pagevec_init(struct pagevec *pvec) { pvec->nr = 0; pvec->percpu_pvec_drained = false; } static inline void pagevec_reinit(struct pagevec *pvec) { pvec->nr = 0; } static inline unsigned pagevec_count(struct pagevec *pvec) { return pvec->nr; } static inline unsigned pagevec_space(struct pagevec *pvec) { return PAGEVEC_SIZE - pvec->nr; } /* * Add a page to a pagevec. Returns the number of slots still available. */ static inline unsigned pagevec_add(struct pagevec *pvec, struct page *page) { pvec->pages[pvec->nr++] = page; return pagevec_space(pvec); } static inline void pagevec_release(struct pagevec *pvec) { if (pagevec_count(pvec)) __pagevec_release(pvec); } #endif /* _LINUX_PAGEVEC_H */
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2819 2820 2821 2822 2823 2824 2825 2826 2827 2828 2829 2830 2831 2832 2833 2834 2835 2836 2837 2838 2839 2840 2841 2842 2843 2844 2845 2846 2847 2848 2849 2850 2851 2852 2853 2854 2855 2856 2857 2858 2859 2860 2861 2862 2863 2864 2865 2866 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871 2872 2873 2874 2875 2876 2877 2878 2879 2880 2881 2882 2883 2884 2885 2886 2887 2888 2889 2890 2891 2892 2893 2894 2895 2896 2897 2898 2899 2900 2901 2902 2903 2904 2905 2906 2907 2908 2909 2910 2911 2912 2913 2914 2915 2916 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * NETLINK Kernel-user communication protocol. * * Authors: Alan Cox <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> * Alexey Kuznetsov <kuznet@ms2.inr.ac.ru> * Patrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net> * * Tue Jun 26 14:36:48 MEST 2001 Herbert "herp" Rosmanith * added netlink_proto_exit * Tue Jan 22 18:32:44 BRST 2002 Arnaldo C. de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br> * use nlk_sk, as sk->protinfo is on a diet 8) * Fri Jul 22 19:51:12 MEST 2005 Harald Welte <laforge@gnumonks.org> * - inc module use count of module that owns * the kernel socket in case userspace opens * socket of same protocol * - remove all module support, since netlink is * mandatory if CONFIG_NET=y these days */ #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/signal.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/un.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/termios.h> #include <linux/sockios.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/jhash.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/if_arp.h> #include <linux/rhashtable.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/genetlink.h> #include <linux/net_namespace.h> #include <linux/nospec.h> #include <linux/btf_ids.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> #include <net/netns/generic.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/scm.h> #include <net/netlink.h> #include "af_netlink.h" struct listeners { struct rcu_head rcu; unsigned long masks[]; }; /* state bits */ #define NETLINK_S_CONGESTED 0x0 static inline int netlink_is_kernel(struct sock *sk) { return nlk_sk(sk)->flags & NETLINK_F_KERNEL_SOCKET; } struct netlink_table *nl_table __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nl_table); static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(nl_table_wait); static struct lock_class_key nlk_cb_mutex_keys[MAX_LINKS]; static const char *const nlk_cb_mutex_key_strings[MAX_LINKS + 1] = { "nlk_cb_mutex-ROUTE", "nlk_cb_mutex-1", "nlk_cb_mutex-USERSOCK", "nlk_cb_mutex-FIREWALL", "nlk_cb_mutex-SOCK_DIAG", "nlk_cb_mutex-NFLOG", "nlk_cb_mutex-XFRM", "nlk_cb_mutex-SELINUX", "nlk_cb_mutex-ISCSI", "nlk_cb_mutex-AUDIT", "nlk_cb_mutex-FIB_LOOKUP", "nlk_cb_mutex-CONNECTOR", "nlk_cb_mutex-NETFILTER", "nlk_cb_mutex-IP6_FW", "nlk_cb_mutex-DNRTMSG", "nlk_cb_mutex-KOBJECT_UEVENT", "nlk_cb_mutex-GENERIC", "nlk_cb_mutex-17", "nlk_cb_mutex-SCSITRANSPORT", "nlk_cb_mutex-ECRYPTFS", "nlk_cb_mutex-RDMA", "nlk_cb_mutex-CRYPTO", "nlk_cb_mutex-SMC", "nlk_cb_mutex-23", "nlk_cb_mutex-24", "nlk_cb_mutex-25", "nlk_cb_mutex-26", "nlk_cb_mutex-27", "nlk_cb_mutex-28", "nlk_cb_mutex-29", "nlk_cb_mutex-30", "nlk_cb_mutex-31", "nlk_cb_mutex-MAX_LINKS" }; static int netlink_dump(struct sock *sk); /* nl_table locking explained: * Lookup and traversal are protected with an RCU read-side lock. Insertion * and removal are protected with per bucket lock while using RCU list * modification primitives and may run in parallel to RCU protected lookups. * Destruction of the Netlink socket may only occur *after* nl_table_lock has * been acquired * either during or after the socket has been removed from * the list and after an RCU grace period. */ DEFINE_RWLOCK(nl_table_lock); EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nl_table_lock); static atomic_t nl_table_users = ATOMIC_INIT(0); #define nl_deref_protected(X) rcu_dereference_protected(X, lockdep_is_held(&nl_table_lock)); static BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_HEAD(netlink_chain); static const struct rhashtable_params netlink_rhashtable_params; static inline u32 netlink_group_mask(u32 group) { return group ? 1 << (group - 1) : 0; } static struct sk_buff *netlink_to_full_skb(const struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { unsigned int len = skb_end_offset(skb); struct sk_buff *new; new = alloc_skb(len, gfp_mask); if (new == NULL) return NULL; NETLINK_CB(new).portid = NETLINK_CB(skb).portid; NETLINK_CB(new).dst_group = NETLINK_CB(skb).dst_group; NETLINK_CB(new).creds = NETLINK_CB(skb).creds; skb_put_data(new, skb->data, len); return new; } static unsigned int netlink_tap_net_id; struct netlink_tap_net { struct list_head netlink_tap_all; struct mutex netlink_tap_lock; }; int netlink_add_tap(struct netlink_tap *nt) { struct net *net = dev_net(nt->dev); struct netlink_tap_net *nn = net_generic(net, netlink_tap_net_id); if (unlikely(nt->dev->type != ARPHRD_NETLINK)) return -EINVAL; mutex_lock(&nn->netlink_tap_lock); list_add_rcu(&nt->list, &nn->netlink_tap_all); mutex_unlock(&nn->netlink_tap_lock); __module_get(nt->module); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(netlink_add_tap); static int __netlink_remove_tap(struct netlink_tap *nt) { struct net *net = dev_net(nt->dev); struct netlink_tap_net *nn = net_generic(net, netlink_tap_net_id); bool found = false; struct netlink_tap *tmp; mutex_lock(&nn->netlink_tap_lock); list_for_each_entry(tmp, &nn->netlink_tap_all, list) { if (nt == tmp) { list_del_rcu(&nt->list); found = true; goto out; } } pr_warn("__netlink_remove_tap: %p not found\n", nt); out: mutex_unlock(&nn->netlink_tap_lock); if (found) module_put(nt->module); return found ? 0 : -ENODEV; } int netlink_remove_tap(struct netlink_tap *nt) { int ret; ret = __netlink_remove_tap(nt); synchronize_net(); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(netlink_remove_tap); static __net_init int netlink_tap_init_net(struct net *net) { struct netlink_tap_net *nn = net_generic(net, netlink_tap_net_id); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&nn->netlink_tap_all); mutex_init(&nn->netlink_tap_lock); return 0; } static struct pernet_operations netlink_tap_net_ops = { .init = netlink_tap_init_net, .id = &netlink_tap_net_id, .size = sizeof(struct netlink_tap_net), }; static bool netlink_filter_tap(const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct sock *sk = skb->sk; /* We take the more conservative approach and * whitelist socket protocols that may pass. */ switch (sk->sk_protocol) { case NETLINK_ROUTE: case NETLINK_USERSOCK: case NETLINK_SOCK_DIAG: case NETLINK_NFLOG: case NETLINK_XFRM: case NETLINK_FIB_LOOKUP: case NETLINK_NETFILTER: case NETLINK_GENERIC: return true; } return false; } static int __netlink_deliver_tap_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev) { struct sk_buff *nskb; struct sock *sk = skb->sk; int ret = -ENOMEM; if (!net_eq(dev_net(dev), sock_net(sk))) return 0; dev_hold(dev); if (is_vmalloc_addr(skb->head)) nskb = netlink_to_full_skb(skb, GFP_ATOMIC); else nskb = skb_clone(skb, GFP_ATOMIC); if (nskb) { nskb->dev = dev; nskb->protocol = htons((u16) sk->sk_protocol); nskb->pkt_type = netlink_is_kernel(sk) ? PACKET_KERNEL : PACKET_USER; skb_reset_network_header(nskb); ret = dev_queue_xmit(nskb); if (unlikely(ret > 0)) ret = net_xmit_errno(ret); } dev_put(dev); return ret; } static void __netlink_deliver_tap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_tap_net *nn) { int ret; struct netlink_tap *tmp; if (!netlink_filter_tap(skb)) return; list_for_each_entry_rcu(tmp, &nn->netlink_tap_all, list) { ret = __netlink_deliver_tap_skb(skb, tmp->dev); if (unlikely(ret)) break; } } static void netlink_deliver_tap(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct netlink_tap_net *nn = net_generic(net, netlink_tap_net_id); rcu_read_lock(); if (unlikely(!list_empty(&nn->netlink_tap_all))) __netlink_deliver_tap(skb, nn); rcu_read_unlock(); } static void netlink_deliver_tap_kernel(struct sock *dst, struct sock *src, struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!(netlink_is_kernel(dst) && netlink_is_kernel(src))) netlink_deliver_tap(sock_net(dst), skb); } static void netlink_overrun(struct sock *sk) { struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); if (!(nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_RECV_NO_ENOBUFS)) { if (!test_and_set_bit(NETLINK_S_CONGESTED, &nlk_sk(sk)->state)) { sk->sk_err = ENOBUFS; sk->sk_error_report(sk); } } atomic_inc(&sk->sk_drops); } static void netlink_rcv_wake(struct sock *sk) { struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); if (skb_queue_empty_lockless(&sk->sk_receive_queue)) clear_bit(NETLINK_S_CONGESTED, &nlk->state); if (!test_bit(NETLINK_S_CONGESTED, &nlk->state)) wake_up_interruptible(&nlk->wait); } static void netlink_skb_destructor(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (is_vmalloc_addr(skb->head)) { if (!skb->cloned || !atomic_dec_return(&(skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref))) vfree(skb->head); skb->head = NULL; } if (skb->sk != NULL) sock_rfree(skb); } static void netlink_skb_set_owner_r(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk) { WARN_ON(skb->sk != NULL); skb->sk = sk; skb->destructor = netlink_skb_destructor; atomic_add(skb->truesize, &sk->sk_rmem_alloc); sk_mem_charge(sk, skb->truesize); } static void netlink_sock_destruct(struct sock *sk) { struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); if (nlk->cb_running) { if (nlk->cb.done) nlk->cb.done(&nlk->cb); module_put(nlk->cb.module); kfree_skb(nlk->cb.skb); } skb_queue_purge(&sk->sk_receive_queue); if (!sock_flag(sk, SOCK_DEAD)) { printk(KERN_ERR "Freeing alive netlink socket %p\n", sk); return; } WARN_ON(atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc)); WARN_ON(refcount_read(&sk->sk_wmem_alloc)); WARN_ON(nlk_sk(sk)->groups); } static void netlink_sock_destruct_work(struct work_struct *work) { struct netlink_sock *nlk = container_of(work, struct netlink_sock, work); sk_free(&nlk->sk); } /* This lock without WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE is good on UP and it is _very_ bad on * SMP. Look, when several writers sleep and reader wakes them up, all but one * immediately hit write lock and grab all the cpus. Exclusive sleep solves * this, _but_ remember, it adds useless work on UP machines. */ void netlink_table_grab(void) __acquires(nl_table_lock) { might_sleep(); write_lock_irq(&nl_table_lock); if (atomic_read(&nl_table_users)) { DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current); add_wait_queue_exclusive(&nl_table_wait, &wait); for (;;) { set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); if (atomic_read(&nl_table_users) == 0) break; write_unlock_irq(&nl_table_lock); schedule(); write_lock_irq(&nl_table_lock); } __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); remove_wait_queue(&nl_table_wait, &wait); } } void netlink_table_ungrab(void) __releases(nl_table_lock) { write_unlock_irq(&nl_table_lock); wake_up(&nl_table_wait); } static inline void netlink_lock_table(void) { unsigned long flags; /* read_lock() synchronizes us to netlink_table_grab */ read_lock_irqsave(&nl_table_lock, flags); atomic_inc(&nl_table_users); read_unlock_irqrestore(&nl_table_lock, flags); } static inline void netlink_unlock_table(void) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&nl_table_users)) wake_up(&nl_table_wait); } struct netlink_compare_arg { possible_net_t pnet; u32 portid; }; /* Doing sizeof directly may yield 4 extra bytes on 64-bit. */ #define netlink_compare_arg_len \ (offsetof(struct netlink_compare_arg, portid) + sizeof(u32)) static inline int netlink_compare(struct rhashtable_compare_arg *arg, const void *ptr) { const struct netlink_compare_arg *x = arg->key; const struct netlink_sock *nlk = ptr; return nlk->portid != x->portid || !net_eq(sock_net(&nlk->sk), read_pnet(&x->pnet)); } static void netlink_compare_arg_init(struct netlink_compare_arg *arg, struct net *net, u32 portid) { memset(arg, 0, sizeof(*arg)); write_pnet(&arg->pnet, net); arg->portid = portid; } static struct sock *__netlink_lookup(struct netlink_table *table, u32 portid, struct net *net) { struct netlink_compare_arg arg; netlink_compare_arg_init(&arg, net, portid); return rhashtable_lookup_fast(&table->hash, &arg, netlink_rhashtable_params); } static int __netlink_insert(struct netlink_table *table, struct sock *sk) { struct netlink_compare_arg arg; netlink_compare_arg_init(&arg, sock_net(sk), nlk_sk(sk)->portid); return rhashtable_lookup_insert_key(&table->hash, &arg, &nlk_sk(sk)->node, netlink_rhashtable_params); } static struct sock *netlink_lookup(struct net *net, int protocol, u32 portid) { struct netlink_table *table = &nl_table[protocol]; struct sock *sk; rcu_read_lock(); sk = __netlink_lookup(table, portid, net); if (sk) sock_hold(sk); rcu_read_unlock(); return sk; } static const struct proto_ops netlink_ops; static void netlink_update_listeners(struct sock *sk) { struct netlink_table *tbl = &nl_table[sk->sk_protocol]; unsigned long mask; unsigned int i; struct listeners *listeners; listeners = nl_deref_protected(tbl->listeners); if (!listeners) return; for (i = 0; i < NLGRPLONGS(tbl->groups); i++) { mask = 0; sk_for_each_bound(sk, &tbl->mc_list) { if (i < NLGRPLONGS(nlk_sk(sk)->ngroups)) mask |= nlk_sk(sk)->groups[i]; } listeners->masks[i] = mask; } /* this function is only called with the netlink table "grabbed", which * makes sure updates are visible before bind or setsockopt return. */ } static int netlink_insert(struct sock *sk, u32 portid) { struct netlink_table *table = &nl_table[sk->sk_protocol]; int err; lock_sock(sk); err = nlk_sk(sk)->portid == portid ? 0 : -EBUSY; if (nlk_sk(sk)->bound) goto err; nlk_sk(sk)->portid = portid; sock_hold(sk); err = __netlink_insert(table, sk); if (err) { /* In case the hashtable backend returns with -EBUSY * from here, it must not escape to the caller. */ if (unlikely(err == -EBUSY)) err = -EOVERFLOW; if (err == -EEXIST) err = -EADDRINUSE; sock_put(sk); goto err; } /* We need to ensure that the socket is hashed and visible. */ smp_wmb(); /* Paired with lockless reads from netlink_bind(), * netlink_connect() and netlink_sendmsg(). */ WRITE_ONCE(nlk_sk(sk)->bound, portid); err: release_sock(sk); return err; } static void netlink_remove(struct sock *sk) { struct netlink_table *table; table = &nl_table[sk->sk_protocol]; if (!rhashtable_remove_fast(&table->hash, &nlk_sk(sk)->node, netlink_rhashtable_params)) { WARN_ON(refcount_read(&sk->sk_refcnt) == 1); __sock_put(sk); } netlink_table_grab(); if (nlk_sk(sk)->subscriptions) { __sk_del_bind_node(sk); netlink_update_listeners(sk); } if (sk->sk_protocol == NETLINK_GENERIC) atomic_inc(&genl_sk_destructing_cnt); netlink_table_ungrab(); } static struct proto netlink_proto = { .name = "NETLINK", .owner = THIS_MODULE, .obj_size = sizeof(struct netlink_sock), }; static int __netlink_create(struct net *net, struct socket *sock, struct mutex *cb_mutex, int protocol, int kern) { struct sock *sk; struct netlink_sock *nlk; sock->ops = &netlink_ops; sk = sk_alloc(net, PF_NETLINK, GFP_KERNEL, &netlink_proto, kern); if (!sk) return -ENOMEM; sock_init_data(sock, sk); nlk = nlk_sk(sk); if (cb_mutex) { nlk->cb_mutex = cb_mutex; } else { nlk->cb_mutex = &nlk->cb_def_mutex; mutex_init(nlk->cb_mutex); lockdep_set_class_and_name(nlk->cb_mutex, nlk_cb_mutex_keys + protocol, nlk_cb_mutex_key_strings[protocol]); } init_waitqueue_head(&nlk->wait); sk->sk_destruct = netlink_sock_destruct; sk->sk_protocol = protocol; return 0; } static int netlink_create(struct net *net, struct socket *sock, int protocol, int kern) { struct module *module = NULL; struct mutex *cb_mutex; struct netlink_sock *nlk; int (*bind)(struct net *net, int group); void (*unbind)(struct net *net, int group); int err = 0; sock->state = SS_UNCONNECTED; if (sock->type != SOCK_RAW && sock->type != SOCK_DGRAM) return -ESOCKTNOSUPPORT; if (protocol < 0 || protocol >= MAX_LINKS) return -EPROTONOSUPPORT; protocol = array_index_nospec(protocol, MAX_LINKS); netlink_lock_table(); #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES if (!nl_table[protocol].registered) { netlink_unlock_table(); request_module("net-pf-%d-proto-%d", PF_NETLINK, protocol); netlink_lock_table(); } #endif if (nl_table[protocol].registered && try_module_get(nl_table[protocol].module)) module = nl_table[protocol].module; else err = -EPROTONOSUPPORT; cb_mutex = nl_table[protocol].cb_mutex; bind = nl_table[protocol].bind; unbind = nl_table[protocol].unbind; netlink_unlock_table(); if (err < 0) goto out; err = __netlink_create(net, sock, cb_mutex, protocol, kern); if (err < 0) goto out_module; local_bh_disable(); sock_prot_inuse_add(net, &netlink_proto, 1); local_bh_enable(); nlk = nlk_sk(sock->sk); nlk->module = module; nlk->netlink_bind = bind; nlk->netlink_unbind = unbind; out: return err; out_module: module_put(module); goto out; } static void deferred_put_nlk_sk(struct rcu_head *head) { struct netlink_sock *nlk = container_of(head, struct netlink_sock, rcu); struct sock *sk = &nlk->sk; kfree(nlk->groups); nlk->groups = NULL; if (!refcount_dec_and_test(&sk->sk_refcnt)) return; if (nlk->cb_running && nlk->cb.done) { INIT_WORK(&nlk->work, netlink_sock_destruct_work); schedule_work(&nlk->work); return; } sk_free(sk); } static int netlink_release(struct socket *sock) { struct sock *sk = sock->sk; struct netlink_sock *nlk; if (!sk) return 0; netlink_remove(sk); sock_orphan(sk); nlk = nlk_sk(sk); /* * OK. Socket is unlinked, any packets that arrive now * will be purged. */ /* must not acquire netlink_table_lock in any way again before unbind * and notifying genetlink is done as otherwise it might deadlock */ if (nlk->netlink_unbind) { int i; for (i = 0; i < nlk->ngroups; i++) if (test_bit(i, nlk->groups)) nlk->netlink_unbind(sock_net(sk), i + 1); } if (sk->sk_protocol == NETLINK_GENERIC && atomic_dec_return(&genl_sk_destructing_cnt) == 0) wake_up(&genl_sk_destructing_waitq); sock->sk = NULL; wake_up_interruptible_all(&nlk->wait); skb_queue_purge(&sk->sk_write_queue); if (nlk->portid && nlk->bound) { struct netlink_notify n = { .net = sock_net(sk), .protocol = sk->sk_protocol, .portid = nlk->portid, }; blocking_notifier_call_chain(&netlink_chain, NETLINK_URELEASE, &n); } module_put(nlk->module); if (netlink_is_kernel(sk)) { netlink_table_grab(); BUG_ON(nl_table[sk->sk_protocol].registered == 0); if (--nl_table[sk->sk_protocol].registered == 0) { struct listeners *old; old = nl_deref_protected(nl_table[sk->sk_protocol].listeners); RCU_INIT_POINTER(nl_table[sk->sk_protocol].listeners, NULL); kfree_rcu(old, rcu); nl_table[sk->sk_protocol].module = NULL; nl_table[sk->sk_protocol].bind = NULL; nl_table[sk->sk_protocol].unbind = NULL; nl_table[sk->sk_protocol].flags = 0; nl_table[sk->sk_protocol].registered = 0; } netlink_table_ungrab(); } local_bh_disable(); sock_prot_inuse_add(sock_net(sk), &netlink_proto, -1); local_bh_enable(); call_rcu(&nlk->rcu, deferred_put_nlk_sk); return 0; } static int netlink_autobind(struct socket *sock) { struct sock *sk = sock->sk; struct net *net = sock_net(sk); struct netlink_table *table = &nl_table[sk->sk_protocol]; s32 portid = task_tgid_vnr(current); int err; s32 rover = -4096; bool ok; retry: cond_resched(); rcu_read_lock(); ok = !__netlink_lookup(table, portid, net); rcu_read_unlock(); if (!ok) { /* Bind collision, search negative portid values. */ if (rover == -4096) /* rover will be in range [S32_MIN, -4097] */ rover = S32_MIN + prandom_u32_max(-4096 - S32_MIN); else if (rover >= -4096) rover = -4097; portid = rover--; goto retry; } err = netlink_insert(sk, portid); if (err == -EADDRINUSE) goto retry; /* If 2 threads race to autobind, that is fine. */ if (err == -EBUSY) err = 0; return err; } /** * __netlink_ns_capable - General netlink message capability test * @nsp: NETLINK_CB of the socket buffer holding a netlink command from userspace. * @user_ns: The user namespace of the capability to use * @cap: The capability to use * * Test to see if the opener of the socket we received the message * from had when the netlink socket was created and the sender of the * message has the capability @cap in the user namespace @user_ns. */ bool __netlink_ns_capable(const struct netlink_skb_parms *nsp, struct user_namespace *user_ns, int cap) { return ((nsp->flags & NETLINK_SKB_DST) || file_ns_capable(nsp->sk->sk_socket->file, user_ns, cap)) && ns_capable(user_ns, cap); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__netlink_ns_capable); /** * netlink_ns_capable - General netlink message capability test * @skb: socket buffer holding a netlink command from userspace * @user_ns: The user namespace of the capability to use * @cap: The capability to use * * Test to see if the opener of the socket we received the message * from had when the netlink socket was created and the sender of the * message has the capability @cap in the user namespace @user_ns. */ bool netlink_ns_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct user_namespace *user_ns, int cap) { return __netlink_ns_capable(&NETLINK_CB(skb), user_ns, cap); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(netlink_ns_capable); /** * netlink_capable - Netlink global message capability test * @skb: socket buffer holding a netlink command from userspace * @cap: The capability to use * * Test to see if the opener of the socket we received the message * from had when the netlink socket was created and the sender of the * message has the capability @cap in all user namespaces. */ bool netlink_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, int cap) { return netlink_ns_capable(skb, &init_user_ns, cap); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(netlink_capable); /** * netlink_net_capable - Netlink network namespace message capability test * @skb: socket buffer holding a netlink command from userspace * @cap: The capability to use * * Test to see if the opener of the socket we received the message * from had when the netlink socket was created and the sender of the * message has the capability @cap over the network namespace of * the socket we received the message from. */ bool netlink_net_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, int cap) { return netlink_ns_capable(skb, sock_net(skb->sk)->user_ns, cap); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(netlink_net_capable); static inline int netlink_allowed(const struct socket *sock, unsigned int flag) { return (nl_table[sock->sk->sk_protocol].flags & flag) || ns_capable(sock_net(sock->sk)->user_ns, CAP_NET_ADMIN); } static void netlink_update_subscriptions(struct sock *sk, unsigned int subscriptions) { struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); if (nlk->subscriptions && !subscriptions) __sk_del_bind_node(sk); else if (!nlk->subscriptions && subscriptions) sk_add_bind_node(sk, &nl_table[sk->sk_protocol].mc_list); nlk->subscriptions = subscriptions; } static int netlink_realloc_groups(struct sock *sk) { struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); unsigned int groups; unsigned long *new_groups; int err = 0; netlink_table_grab(); groups = nl_table[sk->sk_protocol].groups; if (!nl_table[sk->sk_protocol].registered) { err = -ENOENT; goto out_unlock; } if (nlk->ngroups >= groups) goto out_unlock; new_groups = krealloc(nlk->groups, NLGRPSZ(groups), GFP_ATOMIC); if (new_groups == NULL) { err = -ENOMEM; goto out_unlock; } memset((char *)new_groups + NLGRPSZ(nlk->ngroups), 0, NLGRPSZ(groups) - NLGRPSZ(nlk->ngroups)); nlk->groups = new_groups; nlk->ngroups = groups; out_unlock: netlink_table_ungrab(); return err; } static void netlink_undo_bind(int group, long unsigned int groups, struct sock *sk) { struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); int undo; if (!nlk->netlink_unbind) return; for (undo = 0; undo < group; undo++) if (test_bit(undo, &groups)) nlk->netlink_unbind(sock_net(sk), undo + 1); } static int netlink_bind(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *addr, int addr_len) { struct sock *sk = sock->sk; struct net *net = sock_net(sk); struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); struct sockaddr_nl *nladdr = (struct sockaddr_nl *)addr; int err = 0; unsigned long groups; bool bound; if (addr_len < sizeof(struct sockaddr_nl)) return -EINVAL; if (nladdr->nl_family != AF_NETLINK) return -EINVAL; groups = nladdr->nl_groups; /* Only superuser is allowed to listen multicasts */ if (groups) { if (!netlink_allowed(sock, NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_RECV)) return -EPERM; err = netlink_realloc_groups(sk); if (err) return err; } if (nlk->ngroups < BITS_PER_LONG) groups &= (1UL << nlk->ngroups) - 1; /* Paired with WRITE_ONCE() in netlink_insert() */ bound = READ_ONCE(nlk->bound); if (bound) { /* Ensure nlk->portid is up-to-date. */ smp_rmb(); if (nladdr->nl_pid != nlk->portid) return -EINVAL; } netlink_lock_table(); if (nlk->netlink_bind && groups) { int group; /* nl_groups is a u32, so cap the maximum groups we can bind */ for (group = 0; group < BITS_PER_TYPE(u32); group++) { if (!test_bit(group, &groups)) continue; err = nlk->netlink_bind(net, group + 1); if (!err) continue; netlink_undo_bind(group, groups, sk); goto unlock; } } /* No need for barriers here as we return to user-space without * using any of the bound attributes. */ if (!bound) { err = nladdr->nl_pid ? netlink_insert(sk, nladdr->nl_pid) : netlink_autobind(sock); if (err) { netlink_undo_bind(BITS_PER_TYPE(u32), groups, sk); goto unlock; } } if (!groups && (nlk->groups == NULL || !(u32)nlk->groups[0])) goto unlock; netlink_unlock_table(); netlink_table_grab(); netlink_update_subscriptions(sk, nlk->subscriptions + hweight32(groups) - hweight32(nlk->groups[0])); nlk->groups[0] = (nlk->groups[0] & ~0xffffffffUL) | groups; netlink_update_listeners(sk); netlink_table_ungrab(); return 0; unlock: netlink_unlock_table(); return err; } static int netlink_connect(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *addr, int alen, int flags) { int err = 0; struct sock *sk = sock->sk; struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); struct sockaddr_nl *nladdr = (struct sockaddr_nl *)addr; if (alen < sizeof(addr->sa_family)) return -EINVAL; if (addr->sa_family == AF_UNSPEC) { sk->sk_state = NETLINK_UNCONNECTED; nlk->dst_portid = 0; nlk->dst_group = 0; return 0; } if (addr->sa_family != AF_NETLINK) return -EINVAL; if (alen < sizeof(struct sockaddr_nl)) return -EINVAL; if ((nladdr->nl_groups || nladdr->nl_pid) && !netlink_allowed(sock, NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_SEND)) return -EPERM; /* No need for barriers here as we return to user-space without * using any of the bound attributes. * Paired with WRITE_ONCE() in netlink_insert(). */ if (!READ_ONCE(nlk->bound)) err = netlink_autobind(sock); if (err == 0) { sk->sk_state = NETLINK_CONNECTED; nlk->dst_portid = nladdr->nl_pid; nlk->dst_group = ffs(nladdr->nl_groups); } return err; } static int netlink_getname(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *addr, int peer) { struct sock *sk = sock->sk; struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); DECLARE_SOCKADDR(struct sockaddr_nl *, nladdr, addr); nladdr->nl_family = AF_NETLINK; nladdr->nl_pad = 0; if (peer) { nladdr->nl_pid = nlk->dst_portid; nladdr->nl_groups = netlink_group_mask(nlk->dst_group); } else { nladdr->nl_pid = nlk->portid; netlink_lock_table(); nladdr->nl_groups = nlk->groups ? nlk->groups[0] : 0; netlink_unlock_table(); } return sizeof(*nladdr); } static int netlink_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg) { /* try to hand this ioctl down to the NIC drivers. */ return -ENOIOCTLCMD; } static struct sock *netlink_getsockbyportid(struct sock *ssk, u32 portid) { struct sock *sock; struct netlink_sock *nlk; sock = netlink_lookup(sock_net(ssk), ssk->sk_protocol, portid); if (!sock) return ERR_PTR(-ECONNREFUSED); /* Don't bother queuing skb if kernel socket has no input function */ nlk = nlk_sk(sock); if (sock->sk_state == NETLINK_CONNECTED && nlk->dst_portid != nlk_sk(ssk)->portid) { sock_put(sock); return ERR_PTR(-ECONNREFUSED); } return sock; } struct sock *netlink_getsockbyfilp(struct file *filp) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp); struct sock *sock; if (!S_ISSOCK(inode->i_mode)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOTSOCK); sock = SOCKET_I(inode)->sk; if (sock->sk_family != AF_NETLINK) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); sock_hold(sock); return sock; } static struct sk_buff *netlink_alloc_large_skb(unsigned int size, int broadcast) { struct sk_buff *skb; void *data; if (size <= NLMSG_GOODSIZE || broadcast) return alloc_skb(size, GFP_KERNEL); size = SKB_DATA_ALIGN(size) + SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct skb_shared_info)); data = vmalloc(size); if (data == NULL) return NULL; skb = __build_skb(data, size); if (skb == NULL) vfree(data); else skb->destructor = netlink_skb_destructor; return skb; } /* * Attach a skb to a netlink socket. * The caller must hold a reference to the destination socket. On error, the * reference is dropped. The skb is not send to the destination, just all * all error checks are performed and memory in the queue is reserved. * Return values: * < 0: error. skb freed, reference to sock dropped. * 0: continue * 1: repeat lookup - reference dropped while waiting for socket memory. */ int netlink_attachskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, long *timeo, struct sock *ssk) { struct netlink_sock *nlk; nlk = nlk_sk(sk); if ((atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) > sk->sk_rcvbuf || test_bit(NETLINK_S_CONGESTED, &nlk->state))) { DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current); if (!*timeo) { if (!ssk || netlink_is_kernel(ssk)) netlink_overrun(sk); sock_put(sk); kfree_skb(skb); return -EAGAIN; } __set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); add_wait_queue(&nlk->wait, &wait); if ((atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) > sk->sk_rcvbuf || test_bit(NETLINK_S_CONGESTED, &nlk->state)) && !sock_flag(sk, SOCK_DEAD)) *timeo = schedule_timeout(*timeo); __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); remove_wait_queue(&nlk->wait, &wait); sock_put(sk); if (signal_pending(current)) { kfree_skb(skb); return sock_intr_errno(*timeo); } return 1; } netlink_skb_set_owner_r(skb, sk); return 0; } static int __netlink_sendskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { int len = skb->len; netlink_deliver_tap(sock_net(sk), skb); skb_queue_tail(&sk->sk_receive_queue, skb); sk->sk_data_ready(sk); return len; } int netlink_sendskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { int len = __netlink_sendskb(sk, skb); sock_put(sk); return len; } void netlink_detachskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { kfree_skb(skb); sock_put(sk); } static struct sk_buff *netlink_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t allocation) { int delta; WARN_ON(skb->sk != NULL); delta = skb->end - skb->tail; if (is_vmalloc_addr(skb->head) || delta * 2 < skb->truesize) return skb; if (skb_shared(skb)) { struct sk_buff *nskb = skb_clone(skb, allocation); if (!nskb) return skb; consume_skb(skb); skb = nskb; } pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, -delta, (allocation & ~__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM) | __GFP_NOWARN | __GFP_NORETRY); return skb; } static int netlink_unicast_kernel(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *ssk) { int ret; struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); ret = -ECONNREFUSED; if (nlk->netlink_rcv != NULL) { ret = skb->len; netlink_skb_set_owner_r(skb, sk); NETLINK_CB(skb).sk = ssk; netlink_deliver_tap_kernel(sk, ssk, skb); nlk->netlink_rcv(skb); consume_skb(skb); } else { kfree_skb(skb); } sock_put(sk); return ret; } int netlink_unicast(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, int nonblock) { struct sock *sk; int err; long timeo; skb = netlink_trim(skb, gfp_any()); timeo = sock_sndtimeo(ssk, nonblock); retry: sk = netlink_getsockbyportid(ssk, portid); if (IS_ERR(sk)) { kfree_skb(skb); return PTR_ERR(sk); } if (netlink_is_kernel(sk)) return netlink_unicast_kernel(sk, skb, ssk); if (sk_filter(sk, skb)) { err = skb->len; kfree_skb(skb); sock_put(sk); return err; } err = netlink_attachskb(sk, skb, &timeo, ssk); if (err == 1) goto retry; if (err) return err; return netlink_sendskb(sk, skb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(netlink_unicast); int netlink_has_listeners(struct sock *sk, unsigned int group) { int res = 0; struct listeners *listeners; BUG_ON(!netlink_is_kernel(sk)); rcu_read_lock(); listeners = rcu_dereference(nl_table[sk->sk_protocol].listeners); if (listeners && group - 1 < nl_table[sk->sk_protocol].groups) res = test_bit(group - 1, listeners->masks); rcu_read_unlock(); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(netlink_has_listeners); bool netlink_strict_get_check(struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(NETLINK_CB(skb).sk); return nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_STRICT_CHK; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(netlink_strict_get_check); static int netlink_broadcast_deliver(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); if (atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) <= sk->sk_rcvbuf && !test_bit(NETLINK_S_CONGESTED, &nlk->state)) { netlink_skb_set_owner_r(skb, sk); __netlink_sendskb(sk, skb); return atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) > (sk->sk_rcvbuf >> 1); } return -1; } struct netlink_broadcast_data { struct sock *exclude_sk; struct net *net; u32 portid; u32 group; int failure; int delivery_failure; int congested; int delivered; gfp_t allocation; struct sk_buff *skb, *skb2; int (*tx_filter)(struct sock *dsk, struct sk_buff *skb, void *data); void *tx_data; }; static void do_one_broadcast(struct sock *sk, struct netlink_broadcast_data *p) { struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); int val; if (p->exclude_sk == sk) return; if (nlk->portid == p->portid || p->group - 1 >= nlk->ngroups || !test_bit(p->group - 1, nlk->groups)) return; if (!net_eq(sock_net(sk), p->net)) { if (!(nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_LISTEN_ALL_NSID)) return; if (!peernet_has_id(sock_net(sk), p->net)) return; if (!file_ns_capable(sk->sk_socket->file, p->net->user_ns, CAP_NET_BROADCAST)) return; } if (p->failure) { netlink_overrun(sk); return; } sock_hold(sk); if (p->skb2 == NULL) { if (skb_shared(p->skb)) { p->skb2 = skb_clone(p->skb, p->allocation); } else { p->skb2 = skb_get(p->skb); /* * skb ownership may have been set when * delivered to a previous socket. */ skb_orphan(p->skb2); } } if (p->skb2 == NULL) { netlink_overrun(sk); /* Clone failed. Notify ALL listeners. */ p->failure = 1; if (nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_BROADCAST_SEND_ERROR) p->delivery_failure = 1; goto out; } if (p->tx_filter && p->tx_filter(sk, p->skb2, p->tx_data)) { kfree_skb(p->skb2); p->skb2 = NULL; goto out; } if (sk_filter(sk, p->skb2)) { kfree_skb(p->skb2); p->skb2 = NULL; goto out; } NETLINK_CB(p->skb2).nsid = peernet2id(sock_net(sk), p->net); if (NETLINK_CB(p->skb2).nsid != NETNSA_NSID_NOT_ASSIGNED) NETLINK_CB(p->skb2).nsid_is_set = true; val = netlink_broadcast_deliver(sk, p->skb2); if (val < 0) { netlink_overrun(sk); if (nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_BROADCAST_SEND_ERROR) p->delivery_failure = 1; } else { p->congested |= val; p->delivered = 1; p->skb2 = NULL; } out: sock_put(sk); } int netlink_broadcast_filtered(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 group, gfp_t allocation, int (*filter)(struct sock *dsk, struct sk_buff *skb, void *data), void *filter_data) { struct net *net = sock_net(ssk); struct netlink_broadcast_data info; struct sock *sk; skb = netlink_trim(skb, allocation); info.exclude_sk = ssk; info.net = net; info.portid = portid; info.group = group; info.failure = 0; info.delivery_failure = 0; info.congested = 0; info.delivered = 0; info.allocation = allocation; info.skb = skb; info.skb2 = NULL; info.tx_filter = filter; info.tx_data = filter_data; /* While we sleep in clone, do not allow to change socket list */ netlink_lock_table(); sk_for_each_bound(sk, &nl_table[ssk->sk_protocol].mc_list) do_one_broadcast(sk, &info); consume_skb(skb); netlink_unlock_table(); if (info.delivery_failure) { kfree_skb(info.skb2); return -ENOBUFS; } consume_skb(info.skb2); if (info.delivered) { if (info.congested && gfpflags_allow_blocking(allocation)) yield(); return 0; } return -ESRCH; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(netlink_broadcast_filtered); int netlink_broadcast(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 group, gfp_t allocation) { return netlink_broadcast_filtered(ssk, skb, portid, group, allocation, NULL, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(netlink_broadcast); struct netlink_set_err_data { struct sock *exclude_sk; u32 portid; u32 group; int code; }; static int do_one_set_err(struct sock *sk, struct netlink_set_err_data *p) { struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); int ret = 0; if (sk == p->exclude_sk) goto out; if (!net_eq(sock_net(sk), sock_net(p->exclude_sk))) goto out; if (nlk->portid == p->portid || p->group - 1 >= nlk->ngroups || !test_bit(p->group - 1, nlk->groups)) goto out; if (p->code == ENOBUFS && nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_RECV_NO_ENOBUFS) { ret = 1; goto out; } sk->sk_err = p->code; sk->sk_error_report(sk); out: return ret; } /** * netlink_set_err - report error to broadcast listeners * @ssk: the kernel netlink socket, as returned by netlink_kernel_create() * @portid: the PORTID of a process that we want to skip (if any) * @group: the broadcast group that will notice the error * @code: error code, must be negative (as usual in kernelspace) * * This function returns the number of broadcast listeners that have set the * NETLINK_NO_ENOBUFS socket option. */ int netlink_set_err(struct sock *ssk, u32 portid, u32 group, int code) { struct netlink_set_err_data info; struct sock *sk; int ret = 0; info.exclude_sk = ssk; info.portid = portid; info.group = group; /* sk->sk_err wants a positive error value */ info.code = -code; read_lock(&nl_table_lock); sk_for_each_bound(sk, &nl_table[ssk->sk_protocol].mc_list) ret += do_one_set_err(sk, &info); read_unlock(&nl_table_lock); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(netlink_set_err); /* must be called with netlink table grabbed */ static void netlink_update_socket_mc(struct netlink_sock *nlk, unsigned int group, int is_new) { int old, new = !!is_new, subscriptions; old = test_bit(group - 1, nlk->groups); subscriptions = nlk->subscriptions - old + new; if (new) __set_bit(group - 1, nlk->groups); else __clear_bit(group - 1, nlk->groups); netlink_update_subscriptions(&nlk->sk, subscriptions); netlink_update_listeners(&nlk->sk); } static int netlink_setsockopt(struct socket *sock, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen) { struct sock *sk = sock->sk; struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); unsigned int val = 0; int err; if (level != SOL_NETLINK) return -ENOPROTOOPT; if (optlen >= sizeof(int) && copy_from_sockptr(&val, optval, sizeof(val))) return -EFAULT; switch (optname) { case NETLINK_PKTINFO: if (val) nlk->flags |= NETLINK_F_RECV_PKTINFO; else nlk->flags &= ~NETLINK_F_RECV_PKTINFO; err = 0; break; case NETLINK_ADD_MEMBERSHIP: case NETLINK_DROP_MEMBERSHIP: { if (!netlink_allowed(sock, NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_RECV)) return -EPERM; err = netlink_realloc_groups(sk); if (err) return err; if (!val || val - 1 >= nlk->ngroups) return -EINVAL; if (optname == NETLINK_ADD_MEMBERSHIP && nlk->netlink_bind) { err = nlk->netlink_bind(sock_net(sk), val); if (err) return err; } netlink_table_grab(); netlink_update_socket_mc(nlk, val, optname == NETLINK_ADD_MEMBERSHIP); netlink_table_ungrab(); if (optname == NETLINK_DROP_MEMBERSHIP && nlk->netlink_unbind) nlk->netlink_unbind(sock_net(sk), val); err = 0; break; } case NETLINK_BROADCAST_ERROR: if (val) nlk->flags |= NETLINK_F_BROADCAST_SEND_ERROR; else nlk->flags &= ~NETLINK_F_BROADCAST_SEND_ERROR; err = 0; break; case NETLINK_NO_ENOBUFS: if (val) { nlk->flags |= NETLINK_F_RECV_NO_ENOBUFS; clear_bit(NETLINK_S_CONGESTED, &nlk->state); wake_up_interruptible(&nlk->wait); } else { nlk->flags &= ~NETLINK_F_RECV_NO_ENOBUFS; } err = 0; break; case NETLINK_LISTEN_ALL_NSID: if (!ns_capable(sock_net(sk)->user_ns, CAP_NET_BROADCAST)) return -EPERM; if (val) nlk->flags |= NETLINK_F_LISTEN_ALL_NSID; else nlk->flags &= ~NETLINK_F_LISTEN_ALL_NSID; err = 0; break; case NETLINK_CAP_ACK: if (val) nlk->flags |= NETLINK_F_CAP_ACK; else nlk->flags &= ~NETLINK_F_CAP_ACK; err = 0; break; case NETLINK_EXT_ACK: if (val) nlk->flags |= NETLINK_F_EXT_ACK; else nlk->flags &= ~NETLINK_F_EXT_ACK; err = 0; break; case NETLINK_GET_STRICT_CHK: if (val) nlk->flags |= NETLINK_F_STRICT_CHK; else nlk->flags &= ~NETLINK_F_STRICT_CHK; err = 0; break; default: err = -ENOPROTOOPT; } return err; } static int netlink_getsockopt(struct socket *sock, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen) { struct sock *sk = sock->sk; struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); int len, val, err; if (level != SOL_NETLINK) return -ENOPROTOOPT; if (get_user(len, optlen)) return -EFAULT; if (len < 0) return -EINVAL; switch (optname) { case NETLINK_PKTINFO: if (len < sizeof(int)) return -EINVAL; len = sizeof(int); val = nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_RECV_PKTINFO ? 1 : 0; if (put_user(len, optlen) || put_user(val, optval)) return -EFAULT; err = 0; break; case NETLINK_BROADCAST_ERROR: if (len < sizeof(int)) return -EINVAL; len = sizeof(int); val = nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_BROADCAST_SEND_ERROR ? 1 : 0; if (put_user(len, optlen) || put_user(val, optval)) return -EFAULT; err = 0; break; case NETLINK_NO_ENOBUFS: if (len < sizeof(int)) return -EINVAL; len = sizeof(int); val = nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_RECV_NO_ENOBUFS ? 1 : 0; if (put_user(len, optlen) || put_user(val, optval)) return -EFAULT; err = 0; break; case NETLINK_LIST_MEMBERSHIPS: { int pos, idx, shift; err = 0; netlink_lock_table(); for (pos = 0; pos * 8 < nlk->ngroups; pos += sizeof(u32)) { if (len - pos < sizeof(u32)) break; idx = pos / sizeof(unsigned long); shift = (pos % sizeof(unsigned long)) * 8; if (put_user((u32)(nlk->groups[idx] >> shift), (u32 __user *)(optval + pos))) { err = -EFAULT; break; } } if (put_user(ALIGN(nlk->ngroups / 8, sizeof(u32)), optlen)) err = -EFAULT; netlink_unlock_table(); break; } case NETLINK_CAP_ACK: if (len < sizeof(int)) return -EINVAL; len = sizeof(int); val = nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_CAP_ACK ? 1 : 0; if (put_user(len, optlen) || put_user(val, optval)) return -EFAULT; err = 0; break; case NETLINK_EXT_ACK: if (len < sizeof(int)) return -EINVAL; len = sizeof(int); val = nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_EXT_ACK ? 1 : 0; if (put_user(len, optlen) || put_user(val, optval)) return -EFAULT; err = 0; break; case NETLINK_GET_STRICT_CHK: if (len < sizeof(int)) return -EINVAL; len = sizeof(int); val = nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_STRICT_CHK ? 1 : 0; if (put_user(len, optlen) || put_user(val, optval)) return -EFAULT; err = 0; break; default: err = -ENOPROTOOPT; } return err; } static void netlink_cmsg_recv_pktinfo(struct msghdr *msg, struct sk_buff *skb) { struct nl_pktinfo info; info.group = NETLINK_CB(skb).dst_group; put_cmsg(msg, SOL_NETLINK, NETLINK_PKTINFO, sizeof(info), &info); } static void netlink_cmsg_listen_all_nsid(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!NETLINK_CB(skb).nsid_is_set) return; put_cmsg(msg, SOL_NETLINK, NETLINK_LISTEN_ALL_NSID, sizeof(int), &NETLINK_CB(skb).nsid); } static int netlink_sendmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len) { struct sock *sk = sock->sk; struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); DECLARE_SOCKADDR(struct sockaddr_nl *, addr, msg->msg_name); u32 dst_portid; u32 dst_group; struct sk_buff *skb; int err; struct scm_cookie scm; u32 netlink_skb_flags = 0; if (msg->msg_flags & MSG_OOB) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (len == 0) { pr_warn_once("Zero length message leads to an empty skb\n"); return -ENODATA; } err = scm_send(sock, msg, &scm, true); if (err < 0) return err; if (msg->msg_namelen) { err = -EINVAL; if (msg->msg_namelen < sizeof(struct sockaddr_nl)) goto out; if (addr->nl_family != AF_NETLINK) goto out; dst_portid = addr->nl_pid; dst_group = ffs(addr->nl_groups); err = -EPERM; if ((dst_group || dst_portid) && !netlink_allowed(sock, NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_SEND)) goto out; netlink_skb_flags |= NETLINK_SKB_DST; } else { dst_portid = nlk->dst_portid; dst_group = nlk->dst_group; } /* Paired with WRITE_ONCE() in netlink_insert() */ if (!READ_ONCE(nlk->bound)) { err = netlink_autobind(sock); if (err) goto out; } else { /* Ensure nlk is hashed and visible. */ smp_rmb(); } err = -EMSGSIZE; if (len > sk->sk_sndbuf - 32) goto out; err = -ENOBUFS; skb = netlink_alloc_large_skb(len, dst_group); if (skb == NULL) goto out; NETLINK_CB(skb).portid = nlk->portid; NETLINK_CB(skb).dst_group = dst_group; NETLINK_CB(skb).creds = scm.creds; NETLINK_CB(skb).flags = netlink_skb_flags; err = -EFAULT; if (memcpy_from_msg(skb_put(skb, len), msg, len)) { kfree_skb(skb); goto out; } err = security_netlink_send(sk, skb); if (err) { kfree_skb(skb); goto out; } if (dst_group) { refcount_inc(&skb->users); netlink_broadcast(sk, skb, dst_portid, dst_group, GFP_KERNEL); } err = netlink_unicast(sk, skb, dst_portid, msg->msg_flags & MSG_DONTWAIT); out: scm_destroy(&scm); return err; } static int netlink_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len, int flags) { struct scm_cookie scm; struct sock *sk = sock->sk; struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); int noblock = flags & MSG_DONTWAIT; size_t copied; struct sk_buff *skb, *data_skb; int err, ret; if (flags & MSG_OOB) return -EOPNOTSUPP; copied = 0; skb = skb_recv_datagram(sk, flags, noblock, &err); if (skb == NULL) goto out; data_skb = skb; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_NETLINK_MESSAGES if (unlikely(skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list)) { /* * If this skb has a frag_list, then here that means that we * will have to use the frag_list skb's data for compat tasks * and the regular skb's data for normal (non-compat) tasks. * * If we need to send the compat skb, assign it to the * 'data_skb' variable so that it will be used below for data * copying. We keep 'skb' for everything else, including * freeing both later. */ if (flags & MSG_CMSG_COMPAT) data_skb = skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list; } #endif /* Record the max length of recvmsg() calls for future allocations */ nlk->max_recvmsg_len = max(nlk->max_recvmsg_len, len); nlk->max_recvmsg_len = min_t(size_t, nlk->max_recvmsg_len, SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD(32768)); copied = data_skb->len; if (len < copied) { msg->msg_flags |= MSG_TRUNC; copied = len; } skb_reset_transport_header(data_skb); err = skb_copy_datagram_msg(data_skb, 0, msg, copied); if (msg->msg_name) { DECLARE_SOCKADDR(struct sockaddr_nl *, addr, msg->msg_name); addr->nl_family = AF_NETLINK; addr->nl_pad = 0; addr->nl_pid = NETLINK_CB(skb).portid; addr->nl_groups = netlink_group_mask(NETLINK_CB(skb).dst_group); msg->msg_namelen = sizeof(*addr); } if (nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_RECV_PKTINFO) netlink_cmsg_recv_pktinfo(msg, skb); if (nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_LISTEN_ALL_NSID) netlink_cmsg_listen_all_nsid(sk, msg, skb); memset(&scm, 0, sizeof(scm)); scm.creds = *NETLINK_CREDS(skb); if (flags & MSG_TRUNC) copied = data_skb->len; skb_free_datagram(sk, skb); if (nlk->cb_running && atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) <= sk->sk_rcvbuf / 2) { ret = netlink_dump(sk); if (ret) { sk->sk_err = -ret; sk->sk_error_report(sk); } } scm_recv(sock, msg, &scm, flags); out: netlink_rcv_wake(sk); return err ? : copied; } static void netlink_data_ready(struct sock *sk) { BUG(); } /* * We export these functions to other modules. They provide a * complete set of kernel non-blocking support for message * queueing. */ struct sock * __netlink_kernel_create(struct net *net, int unit, struct module *module, struct netlink_kernel_cfg *cfg) { struct socket *sock; struct sock *sk; struct netlink_sock *nlk; struct listeners *listeners = NULL; struct mutex *cb_mutex = cfg ? cfg->cb_mutex : NULL; unsigned int groups; BUG_ON(!nl_table); if (unit < 0 || unit >= MAX_LINKS) return NULL; if (sock_create_lite(PF_NETLINK, SOCK_DGRAM, unit, &sock)) return NULL; if (__netlink_create(net, sock, cb_mutex, unit, 1) < 0) goto out_sock_release_nosk; sk = sock->sk; if (!cfg || cfg->groups < 32) groups = 32; else groups = cfg->groups; listeners = kzalloc(sizeof(*listeners) + NLGRPSZ(groups), GFP_KERNEL); if (!listeners) goto out_sock_release; sk->sk_data_ready = netlink_data_ready; if (cfg && cfg->input) nlk_sk(sk)->netlink_rcv = cfg->input; if (netlink_insert(sk, 0)) goto out_sock_release; nlk = nlk_sk(sk); nlk->flags |= NETLINK_F_KERNEL_SOCKET; netlink_table_grab(); if (!nl_table[unit].registered) { nl_table[unit].groups = groups; rcu_assign_pointer(nl_table[unit].listeners, listeners); nl_table[unit].cb_mutex = cb_mutex; nl_table[unit].module = module; if (cfg) { nl_table[unit].bind = cfg->bind; nl_table[unit].unbind = cfg->unbind; nl_table[unit].flags = cfg->flags; if (cfg->compare) nl_table[unit].compare = cfg->compare; } nl_table[unit].registered = 1; } else { kfree(listeners); nl_table[unit].registered++; } netlink_table_ungrab(); return sk; out_sock_release: kfree(listeners); netlink_kernel_release(sk); return NULL; out_sock_release_nosk: sock_release(sock); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__netlink_kernel_create); void netlink_kernel_release(struct sock *sk) { if (sk == NULL || sk->sk_socket == NULL) return; sock_release(sk->sk_socket); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(netlink_kernel_release); int __netlink_change_ngroups(struct sock *sk, unsigned int groups) { struct listeners *new, *old; struct netlink_table *tbl = &nl_table[sk->sk_protocol]; if (groups < 32) groups = 32; if (NLGRPSZ(tbl->groups) < NLGRPSZ(groups)) { new = kzalloc(sizeof(*new) + NLGRPSZ(groups), GFP_ATOMIC); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; old = nl_deref_protected(tbl->listeners); memcpy(new->masks, old->masks, NLGRPSZ(tbl->groups)); rcu_assign_pointer(tbl->listeners, new); kfree_rcu(old, rcu); } tbl->groups = groups; return 0; } /** * netlink_change_ngroups - change number of multicast groups * * This changes the number of multicast groups that are available * on a certain netlink family. Note that it is not possible to * change the number of groups to below 32. Also note that it does * not implicitly call netlink_clear_multicast_users() when the * number of groups is reduced. * * @sk: The kernel netlink socket, as returned by netlink_kernel_create(). * @groups: The new number of groups. */ int netlink_change_ngroups(struct sock *sk, unsigned int groups) { int err; netlink_table_grab(); err = __netlink_change_ngroups(sk, groups); netlink_table_ungrab(); return err; } void __netlink_clear_multicast_users(struct sock *ksk, unsigned int group) { struct sock *sk; struct netlink_table *tbl = &nl_table[ksk->sk_protocol]; sk_for_each_bound(sk, &tbl->mc_list) netlink_update_socket_mc(nlk_sk(sk), group, 0); } struct nlmsghdr * __nlmsg_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, int type, int len, int flags) { struct nlmsghdr *nlh; int size = nlmsg_msg_size(len); nlh = skb_put(skb, NLMSG_ALIGN(size)); nlh->nlmsg_type = type; nlh->nlmsg_len = size; nlh->nlmsg_flags = flags; nlh->nlmsg_pid = portid; nlh->nlmsg_seq = seq; if (!__builtin_constant_p(size) || NLMSG_ALIGN(size) - size != 0) memset(nlmsg_data(nlh) + len, 0, NLMSG_ALIGN(size) - size); return nlh; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__nlmsg_put); /* * It looks a bit ugly. * It would be better to create kernel thread. */ static int netlink_dump_done(struct netlink_sock *nlk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { struct nlmsghdr *nlh; nlh = nlmsg_put_answer(skb, cb, NLMSG_DONE, sizeof(nlk->dump_done_errno), NLM_F_MULTI | cb->answer_flags); if (WARN_ON(!nlh)) return -ENOBUFS; nl_dump_check_consistent(cb, nlh); memcpy(nlmsg_data(nlh), &nlk->dump_done_errno, sizeof(nlk->dump_done_errno)); if (extack->_msg && nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_EXT_ACK) { nlh->nlmsg_flags |= NLM_F_ACK_TLVS; if (!nla_put_string(skb, NLMSGERR_ATTR_MSG, extack->_msg)) nlmsg_end(skb, nlh); } return 0; } static int netlink_dump(struct sock *sk) { struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(sk); struct netlink_ext_ack extack = {}; struct netlink_callback *cb; struct sk_buff *skb = NULL; struct module *module; int err = -ENOBUFS; int alloc_min_size; int alloc_size; mutex_lock(nlk->cb_mutex); if (!nlk->cb_running) { err = -EINVAL; goto errout_skb; } if (atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) >= sk->sk_rcvbuf) goto errout_skb; /* NLMSG_GOODSIZE is small to avoid high order allocations being * required, but it makes sense to _attempt_ a 16K bytes allocation * to reduce number of system calls on dump operations, if user * ever provided a big enough buffer. */ cb = &nlk->cb; alloc_min_size = max_t(int, cb->min_dump_alloc, NLMSG_GOODSIZE); if (alloc_min_size < nlk->max_recvmsg_len) { alloc_size = nlk->max_recvmsg_len; skb = alloc_skb(alloc_size, (GFP_KERNEL & ~__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM) | __GFP_NOWARN | __GFP_NORETRY); } if (!skb) { alloc_size = alloc_min_size; skb = alloc_skb(alloc_size, GFP_KERNEL); } if (!skb) goto errout_skb; /* Trim skb to allocated size. User is expected to provide buffer as * large as max(min_dump_alloc, 16KiB (mac_recvmsg_len capped at * netlink_recvmsg())). dump will pack as many smaller messages as * could fit within the allocated skb. skb is typically allocated * with larger space than required (could be as much as near 2x the * requested size with align to next power of 2 approach). Allowing * dump to use the excess space makes it difficult for a user to have a * reasonable static buffer based on the expected largest dump of a * single netdev. The outcome is MSG_TRUNC error. */ skb_reserve(skb, skb_tailroom(skb) - alloc_size); netlink_skb_set_owner_r(skb, sk); if (nlk->dump_done_errno > 0) { cb->extack = &extack; nlk->dump_done_errno = cb->dump(skb, cb); cb->extack = NULL; } if (nlk->dump_done_errno > 0 || skb_tailroom(skb) < nlmsg_total_size(sizeof(nlk->dump_done_errno))) { mutex_unlock(nlk->cb_mutex); if (sk_filter(sk, skb)) kfree_skb(skb); else __netlink_sendskb(sk, skb); return 0; } if (netlink_dump_done(nlk, skb, cb, &extack)) goto errout_skb; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_NETLINK_MESSAGES /* frag_list skb's data is used for compat tasks * and the regular skb's data for normal (non-compat) tasks. * See netlink_recvmsg(). */ if (unlikely(skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list)) { if (netlink_dump_done(nlk, skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list, cb, &extack)) goto errout_skb; } #endif if (sk_filter(sk, skb)) kfree_skb(skb); else __netlink_sendskb(sk, skb); if (cb->done) cb->done(cb); nlk->cb_running = false; module = cb->module; skb = cb->skb; mutex_unlock(nlk->cb_mutex); module_put(module); consume_skb(skb); return 0; errout_skb: mutex_unlock(nlk->cb_mutex); kfree_skb(skb); return err; } int __netlink_dump_start(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct netlink_dump_control *control) { struct netlink_sock *nlk, *nlk2; struct netlink_callback *cb; struct sock *sk; int ret; refcount_inc(&skb->users); sk = netlink_lookup(sock_net(ssk), ssk->sk_protocol, NETLINK_CB(skb).portid); if (sk == NULL) { ret = -ECONNREFUSED; goto error_free; } nlk = nlk_sk(sk); mutex_lock(nlk->cb_mutex); /* A dump is in progress... */ if (nlk->cb_running) { ret = -EBUSY; goto error_unlock; } /* add reference of module which cb->dump belongs to */ if (!try_module_get(control->module)) { ret = -EPROTONOSUPPORT; goto error_unlock; } cb = &nlk->cb; memset(cb, 0, sizeof(*cb)); cb->dump = control->dump; cb->done = control->done; cb->nlh = nlh; cb->data = control->data; cb->module = control->module; cb->min_dump_alloc = control->min_dump_alloc; cb->skb = skb; nlk2 = nlk_sk(NETLINK_CB(skb).sk); cb->strict_check = !!(nlk2->flags & NETLINK_F_STRICT_CHK); if (control->start) { ret = control->start(cb); if (ret) goto error_put; } nlk->cb_running = true; nlk->dump_done_errno = INT_MAX; mutex_unlock(nlk->cb_mutex); ret = netlink_dump(sk); sock_put(sk); if (ret) return ret; /* We successfully started a dump, by returning -EINTR we * signal not to send ACK even if it was requested. */ return -EINTR; error_put: module_put(control->module); error_unlock: sock_put(sk); mutex_unlock(nlk->cb_mutex); error_free: kfree_skb(skb); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__netlink_dump_start); void netlink_ack(struct sk_buff *in_skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int err, const struct netlink_ext_ack *extack) { struct sk_buff *skb; struct nlmsghdr *rep; struct nlmsgerr *errmsg; size_t payload = sizeof(*errmsg); size_t tlvlen = 0; struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(NETLINK_CB(in_skb).sk); unsigned int flags = 0; bool nlk_has_extack = nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_EXT_ACK; /* Error messages get the original request appened, unless the user * requests to cap the error message, and get extra error data if * requested. */ if (nlk_has_extack && extack && extack->_msg) tlvlen += nla_total_size(strlen(extack->_msg) + 1); if (err && !(nlk->flags & NETLINK_F_CAP_ACK)) payload += nlmsg_len(nlh); else flags |= NLM_F_CAPPED; if (err && nlk_has_extack && extack && extack->bad_attr) tlvlen += nla_total_size(sizeof(u32)); if (nlk_has_extack && extack && extack->cookie_len) tlvlen += nla_total_size(extack->cookie_len); if (err && nlk_has_extack && extack && extack->policy) tlvlen += netlink_policy_dump_attr_size_estimate(extack->policy); if (tlvlen) flags |= NLM_F_ACK_TLVS; skb = nlmsg_new(payload + tlvlen, GFP_KERNEL); if (!skb) { NETLINK_CB(in_skb).sk->sk_err = ENOBUFS; NETLINK_CB(in_skb).sk->sk_error_report(NETLINK_CB(in_skb).sk); return; } rep = __nlmsg_put(skb, NETLINK_CB(in_skb).portid, nlh->nlmsg_seq, NLMSG_ERROR, payload, flags); errmsg = nlmsg_data(rep); errmsg->error = err; memcpy(&errmsg->msg, nlh, payload > sizeof(*errmsg) ? nlh->nlmsg_len : sizeof(*nlh)); if (nlk_has_extack && extack) { if (extack->_msg) { WARN_ON(nla_put_string(skb, NLMSGERR_ATTR_MSG, extack->_msg)); } if (err && extack->bad_attr && !WARN_ON((u8 *)extack->bad_attr < in_skb->data || (u8 *)extack->bad_attr >= in_skb->data + in_skb->len)) WARN_ON(nla_put_u32(skb, NLMSGERR_ATTR_OFFS, (u8 *)extack->bad_attr - (u8 *)nlh)); if (extack->cookie_len) WARN_ON(nla_put(skb, NLMSGERR_ATTR_COOKIE, extack->cookie_len, extack->cookie)); if (extack->policy) netlink_policy_dump_write_attr(skb, extack->policy, NLMSGERR_ATTR_POLICY); } nlmsg_end(skb, rep); netlink_unicast(in_skb->sk, skb, NETLINK_CB(in_skb).portid, MSG_DONTWAIT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(netlink_ack); int netlink_rcv_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int (*cb)(struct sk_buff *, struct nlmsghdr *, struct netlink_ext_ack *)) { struct netlink_ext_ack extack; struct nlmsghdr *nlh; int err; while (skb->len >= nlmsg_total_size(0)) { int msglen; memset(&extack, 0, sizeof(extack)); nlh = nlmsg_hdr(skb); err = 0; if (nlh->nlmsg_len < NLMSG_HDRLEN || skb->len < nlh->nlmsg_len) return 0; /* Only requests are handled by the kernel */ if (!(nlh->nlmsg_flags & NLM_F_REQUEST)) goto ack; /* Skip control messages */ if (nlh->nlmsg_type < NLMSG_MIN_TYPE) goto ack; err = cb(skb, nlh, &extack); if (err == -EINTR) goto skip; ack: if (nlh->nlmsg_flags & NLM_F_ACK || err) netlink_ack(skb, nlh, err, &extack); skip: msglen = NLMSG_ALIGN(nlh->nlmsg_len); if (msglen > skb->len) msglen = skb->len; skb_pull(skb, msglen); } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(netlink_rcv_skb); /** * nlmsg_notify - send a notification netlink message * @sk: netlink socket to use * @skb: notification message * @portid: destination netlink portid for reports or 0 * @group: destination multicast group or 0 * @report: 1 to report back, 0 to disable * @flags: allocation flags */ int nlmsg_notify(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, unsigned int group, int report, gfp_t flags) { int err = 0; if (group) { int exclude_portid = 0; if (report) { refcount_inc(&skb->users); exclude_portid = portid; } /* errors reported via destination sk->sk_err, but propagate * delivery errors if NETLINK_BROADCAST_ERROR flag is set */ err = nlmsg_multicast(sk, skb, exclude_portid, group, flags); if (err == -ESRCH) err = 0; } if (report) { int err2; err2 = nlmsg_unicast(sk, skb, portid); if (!err) err = err2; } return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(nlmsg_notify); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct nl_seq_iter { struct seq_net_private p; struct rhashtable_iter hti; int link; }; static void netlink_walk_start(struct nl_seq_iter *iter) { rhashtable_walk_enter(&nl_table[iter->link].hash, &iter->hti); rhashtable_walk_start(&iter->hti); } static void netlink_walk_stop(struct nl_seq_iter *iter) { rhashtable_walk_stop(&iter->hti); rhashtable_walk_exit(&iter->hti); } static void *__netlink_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq) { struct nl_seq_iter *iter = seq->private; struct netlink_sock *nlk; do { for (;;) { nlk = rhashtable_walk_next(&iter->hti); if (IS_ERR(nlk)) { if (PTR_ERR(nlk) == -EAGAIN) continue; return nlk; } if (nlk) break; netlink_walk_stop(iter); if (++iter->link >= MAX_LINKS) return NULL; netlink_walk_start(iter); } } while (sock_net(&nlk->sk) != seq_file_net(seq)); return nlk; } static void *netlink_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *posp) __acquires(RCU) { struct nl_seq_iter *iter = seq->private; void *obj = SEQ_START_TOKEN; loff_t pos; iter->link = 0; netlink_walk_start(iter); for (pos = *posp; pos && obj && !IS_ERR(obj); pos--) obj = __netlink_seq_next(seq); return obj; } static void *netlink_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos) { ++*pos; return __netlink_seq_next(seq); } static void netlink_native_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct nl_seq_iter *iter = seq->private; if (iter->link >= MAX_LINKS) return; netlink_walk_stop(iter); } static int netlink_native_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { if (v == SEQ_START_TOKEN) { seq_puts(seq, "sk Eth Pid Groups " "Rmem Wmem Dump Locks Drops Inode\n"); } else { struct sock *s = v; struct netlink_sock *nlk = nlk_sk(s); seq_printf(seq, "%pK %-3d %-10u %08x %-8d %-8d %-5d %-8d %-8u %-8lu\n", s, s->sk_protocol, nlk->portid, nlk->groups ? (u32)nlk->groups[0] : 0, sk_rmem_alloc_get(s), sk_wmem_alloc_get(s), nlk->cb_running, refcount_read(&s->sk_refcnt), atomic_read(&s->sk_drops), sock_i_ino(s) ); } return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL struct bpf_iter__netlink { __bpf_md_ptr(struct bpf_iter_meta *, meta); __bpf_md_ptr(struct netlink_sock *, sk); }; DEFINE_BPF_ITER_FUNC(netlink, struct bpf_iter_meta *meta, struct netlink_sock *sk) static int netlink_prog_seq_show(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_iter_meta *meta, void *v) { struct bpf_iter__netlink ctx; meta->seq_num--; /* skip SEQ_START_TOKEN */ ctx.meta = meta; ctx.sk = nlk_sk((struct sock *)v); return bpf_iter_run_prog(prog, &ctx); } static int netlink_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct bpf_iter_meta meta; struct bpf_prog *prog; meta.seq = seq; prog = bpf_iter_get_info(&meta, false); if (!prog) return netlink_native_seq_show(seq, v); if (v != SEQ_START_TOKEN) return netlink_prog_seq_show(prog, &meta, v); return 0; } static void netlink_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct bpf_iter_meta meta; struct bpf_prog *prog; if (!v) { meta.seq = seq; prog = bpf_iter_get_info(&meta, true); if (prog) (void)netlink_prog_seq_show(prog, &meta, v); } netlink_native_seq_stop(seq, v); } #else static int netlink_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { return netlink_native_seq_show(seq, v); } static void netlink_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { netlink_native_seq_stop(seq, v); } #endif static const struct seq_operations netlink_seq_ops = { .start = netlink_seq_start, .next = netlink_seq_next, .stop = netlink_seq_stop, .show = netlink_seq_show, }; #endif int netlink_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { return blocking_notifier_chain_register(&netlink_chain, nb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(netlink_register_notifier); int netlink_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { return blocking_notifier_chain_unregister(&netlink_chain, nb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(netlink_unregister_notifier); static const struct proto_ops netlink_ops = { .family = PF_NETLINK, .owner = THIS_MODULE, .release = netlink_release, .bind = netlink_bind, .connect = netlink_connect, .socketpair = sock_no_socketpair, .accept = sock_no_accept, .getname = netlink_getname, .poll = datagram_poll, .ioctl = netlink_ioctl, .listen = sock_no_listen, .shutdown = sock_no_shutdown, .setsockopt = netlink_setsockopt, .getsockopt = netlink_getsockopt, .sendmsg = netlink_sendmsg, .recvmsg = netlink_recvmsg, .mmap = sock_no_mmap, .sendpage = sock_no_sendpage, }; static const struct net_proto_family netlink_family_ops = { .family = PF_NETLINK, .create = netlink_create, .owner = THIS_MODULE, /* for consistency 8) */ }; static int __net_init netlink_net_init(struct net *net) { #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS if (!proc_create_net("netlink", 0, net->proc_net, &netlink_seq_ops, sizeof(struct nl_seq_iter))) return -ENOMEM; #endif return 0; } static void __net_exit netlink_net_exit(struct net *net) { #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS remove_proc_entry("netlink", net->proc_net); #endif } static void __init netlink_add_usersock_entry(void) { struct listeners *listeners; int groups = 32; listeners = kzalloc(sizeof(*listeners) + NLGRPSZ(groups), GFP_KERNEL); if (!listeners) panic("netlink_add_usersock_entry: Cannot allocate listeners\n"); netlink_table_grab(); nl_table[NETLINK_USERSOCK].groups = groups; rcu_assign_pointer(nl_table[NETLINK_USERSOCK].listeners, listeners); nl_table[NETLINK_USERSOCK].module = THIS_MODULE; nl_table[NETLINK_USERSOCK].registered = 1; nl_table[NETLINK_USERSOCK].flags = NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_SEND; netlink_table_ungrab(); } static struct pernet_operations __net_initdata netlink_net_ops = { .init = netlink_net_init, .exit = netlink_net_exit, }; static inline u32 netlink_hash(const void *data, u32 len, u32 seed) { const struct netlink_sock *nlk = data; struct netlink_compare_arg arg; netlink_compare_arg_init(&arg, sock_net(&nlk->sk), nlk->portid); return jhash2((u32 *)&arg, netlink_compare_arg_len / sizeof(u32), seed); } static const struct rhashtable_params netlink_rhashtable_params = { .head_offset = offsetof(struct netlink_sock, node), .key_len = netlink_compare_arg_len, .obj_hashfn = netlink_hash, .obj_cmpfn = netlink_compare, .automatic_shrinking = true, }; #if defined(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) BTF_ID_LIST(btf_netlink_sock_id) BTF_ID(struct, netlink_sock) static const struct bpf_iter_seq_info netlink_seq_info = { .seq_ops = &netlink_seq_ops, .init_seq_private = bpf_iter_init_seq_net, .fini_seq_private = bpf_iter_fini_seq_net, .seq_priv_size = sizeof(struct nl_seq_iter), }; static struct bpf_iter_reg netlink_reg_info = { .target = "netlink", .ctx_arg_info_size = 1, .ctx_arg_info = { { offsetof(struct bpf_iter__netlink, sk), PTR_TO_BTF_ID_OR_NULL }, }, .seq_info = &netlink_seq_info, }; static int __init bpf_iter_register(void) { netlink_reg_info.ctx_arg_info[0].btf_id = *btf_netlink_sock_id; return bpf_iter_reg_target(&netlink_reg_info); } #endif static int __init netlink_proto_init(void) { int i; int err = proto_register(&netlink_proto, 0); if (err != 0) goto out; #if defined(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) err = bpf_iter_register(); if (err) goto out; #endif BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct netlink_skb_parms) > sizeof_field(struct sk_buff, cb)); nl_table = kcalloc(MAX_LINKS, sizeof(*nl_table), GFP_KERNEL); if (!nl_table) goto panic; for (i = 0; i < MAX_LINKS; i++) { if (rhashtable_init(&nl_table[i].hash, &netlink_rhashtable_params) < 0) { while (--i > 0) rhashtable_destroy(&nl_table[i].hash); kfree(nl_table); goto panic; } } netlink_add_usersock_entry(); sock_register(&netlink_family_ops); register_pernet_subsys(&netlink_net_ops); register_pernet_subsys(&netlink_tap_net_ops); /* The netlink device handler may be needed early. */ rtnetlink_init(); out: return err; panic: panic("netlink_init: Cannot allocate nl_table\n"); } core_initcall(netlink_proto_init);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Universal TUN/TAP device driver. * Copyright (C) 1999-2000 Maxim Krasnyansky <max_mk@yahoo.com> */ #ifndef __IF_TUN_H #define __IF_TUN_H #include <uapi/linux/if_tun.h> #include <uapi/linux/virtio_net.h> #define TUN_XDP_FLAG 0x1UL #define TUN_MSG_UBUF 1 #define TUN_MSG_PTR 2 struct tun_msg_ctl { unsigned short type; unsigned short num; void *ptr; }; struct tun_xdp_hdr { int buflen; struct virtio_net_hdr gso; }; #if defined(CONFIG_TUN) || defined(CONFIG_TUN_MODULE) struct socket *tun_get_socket(struct file *); struct ptr_ring *tun_get_tx_ring(struct file *file); static inline bool tun_is_xdp_frame(void *ptr) { return (unsigned long)ptr & TUN_XDP_FLAG; } static inline void *tun_xdp_to_ptr(struct xdp_frame *xdp) { return (void *)((unsigned long)xdp | TUN_XDP_FLAG); } static inline struct xdp_frame *tun_ptr_to_xdp(void *ptr) { return (void *)((unsigned long)ptr & ~TUN_XDP_FLAG); } void tun_ptr_free(void *ptr); #else #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/errno.h> struct file; struct socket; static inline struct socket *tun_get_socket(struct file *f) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline struct ptr_ring *tun_get_tx_ring(struct file *f) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline bool tun_is_xdp_frame(void *ptr) { return false; } static inline void *tun_xdp_to_ptr(struct xdp_frame *xdp) { return NULL; } static inline struct xdp_frame *tun_ptr_to_xdp(void *ptr) { return NULL; } static inline void tun_ptr_free(void *ptr) { } #endif /* CONFIG_TUN */ #endif /* __IF_TUN_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */ /* * 25-Jul-1998 Major changes to allow for ip chain table * * 3-Jan-2000 Named tables to allow packet selection for different uses. */ /* * Format of an IP6 firewall descriptor * * src, dst, src_mask, dst_mask are always stored in network byte order. * flags are stored in host byte order (of course). * Port numbers are stored in HOST byte order. */ #ifndef _UAPI_IP6_TABLES_H #define _UAPI_IP6_TABLES_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/if.h> #include <linux/netfilter_ipv6.h> #include <linux/netfilter/x_tables.h> #ifndef __KERNEL__ #define IP6T_FUNCTION_MAXNAMELEN XT_FUNCTION_MAXNAMELEN #define IP6T_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN #define ip6t_match xt_match #define ip6t_target xt_target #define ip6t_table xt_table #define ip6t_get_revision xt_get_revision #define ip6t_entry_match xt_entry_match #define ip6t_entry_target xt_entry_target #define ip6t_standard_target xt_standard_target #define ip6t_error_target xt_error_target #define ip6t_counters xt_counters #define IP6T_CONTINUE XT_CONTINUE #define IP6T_RETURN XT_RETURN /* Pre-iptables-1.4.0 */ #include <linux/netfilter/xt_tcpudp.h> #define ip6t_tcp xt_tcp #define ip6t_udp xt_udp #define IP6T_TCP_INV_SRCPT XT_TCP_INV_SRCPT #define IP6T_TCP_INV_DSTPT XT_TCP_INV_DSTPT #define IP6T_TCP_INV_FLAGS XT_TCP_INV_FLAGS #define IP6T_TCP_INV_OPTION XT_TCP_INV_OPTION #define IP6T_TCP_INV_MASK XT_TCP_INV_MASK #define IP6T_UDP_INV_SRCPT XT_UDP_INV_SRCPT #define IP6T_UDP_INV_DSTPT XT_UDP_INV_DSTPT #define IP6T_UDP_INV_MASK XT_UDP_INV_MASK #define ip6t_counters_info xt_counters_info #define IP6T_STANDARD_TARGET XT_STANDARD_TARGET #define IP6T_ERROR_TARGET XT_ERROR_TARGET #define IP6T_MATCH_ITERATE(e, fn, args...) \ XT_MATCH_ITERATE(struct ip6t_entry, e, fn, ## args) #define IP6T_ENTRY_ITERATE(entries, size, fn, args...) \ XT_ENTRY_ITERATE(struct ip6t_entry, entries, size, fn, ## args) #endif /* Yes, Virginia, you have to zero the padding. */ struct ip6t_ip6 { /* Source and destination IP6 addr */ struct in6_addr src, dst; /* Mask for src and dest IP6 addr */ struct in6_addr smsk, dmsk; char iniface[IFNAMSIZ], outiface[IFNAMSIZ]; unsigned char iniface_mask[IFNAMSIZ], outiface_mask[IFNAMSIZ]; /* Upper protocol number * - The allowed value is 0 (any) or protocol number of last parsable * header, which is 50 (ESP), 59 (No Next Header), 135 (MH), or * the non IPv6 extension headers. * - The protocol numbers of IPv6 extension headers except of ESP and * MH do not match any packets. * - You also need to set IP6T_FLAGS_PROTO to "flags" to check protocol. */ __u16 proto; /* TOS to match iff flags & IP6T_F_TOS */ __u8 tos; /* Flags word */ __u8 flags; /* Inverse flags */ __u8 invflags; }; /* Values for "flag" field in struct ip6t_ip6 (general ip6 structure). */ #define IP6T_F_PROTO 0x01 /* Set if rule cares about upper protocols */ #define IP6T_F_TOS 0x02 /* Match the TOS. */ #define IP6T_F_GOTO 0x04 /* Set if jump is a goto */ #define IP6T_F_MASK 0x07 /* All possible flag bits mask. */ /* Values for "inv" field in struct ip6t_ip6. */ #define IP6T_INV_VIA_IN 0x01 /* Invert the sense of IN IFACE. */ #define IP6T_INV_VIA_OUT 0x02 /* Invert the sense of OUT IFACE */ #define IP6T_INV_TOS 0x04 /* Invert the sense of TOS. */ #define IP6T_INV_SRCIP 0x08 /* Invert the sense of SRC IP. */ #define IP6T_INV_DSTIP 0x10 /* Invert the sense of DST OP. */ #define IP6T_INV_FRAG 0x20 /* Invert the sense of FRAG. */ #define IP6T_INV_PROTO XT_INV_PROTO #define IP6T_INV_MASK 0x7F /* All possible flag bits mask. */ /* This structure defines each of the firewall rules. Consists of 3 parts which are 1) general IP header stuff 2) match specific stuff 3) the target to perform if the rule matches */ struct ip6t_entry { struct ip6t_ip6 ipv6; /* Mark with fields that we care about. */ unsigned int nfcache; /* Size of ipt_entry + matches */ __u16 target_offset; /* Size of ipt_entry + matches + target */ __u16 next_offset; /* Back pointer */ unsigned int comefrom; /* Packet and byte counters. */ struct xt_counters counters; /* The matches (if any), then the target. */ unsigned char elems[0]; }; /* Standard entry */ struct ip6t_standard { struct ip6t_entry entry; struct xt_standard_target target; }; struct ip6t_error { struct ip6t_entry entry; struct xt_error_target target; }; #define IP6T_ENTRY_INIT(__size) \ { \ .target_offset = sizeof(struct ip6t_entry), \ .next_offset = (__size), \ } #define IP6T_STANDARD_INIT(__verdict) \ { \ .entry = IP6T_ENTRY_INIT(sizeof(struct ip6t_standard)), \ .target = XT_TARGET_INIT(XT_STANDARD_TARGET, \ sizeof(struct xt_standard_target)), \ .target.verdict = -(__verdict) - 1, \ } #define IP6T_ERROR_INIT \ { \ .entry = IP6T_ENTRY_INIT(sizeof(struct ip6t_error)), \ .target = XT_TARGET_INIT(XT_ERROR_TARGET, \ sizeof(struct xt_error_target)), \ .target.errorname = "ERROR", \ } /* * New IP firewall options for [gs]etsockopt at the RAW IP level. * Unlike BSD Linux inherits IP options so you don't have to use * a raw socket for this. Instead we check rights in the calls. * * ATTENTION: check linux/in6.h before adding new number here. */ #define IP6T_BASE_CTL 64 #define IP6T_SO_SET_REPLACE (IP6T_BASE_CTL) #define IP6T_SO_SET_ADD_COUNTERS (IP6T_BASE_CTL + 1) #define IP6T_SO_SET_MAX IP6T_SO_SET_ADD_COUNTERS #define IP6T_SO_GET_INFO (IP6T_BASE_CTL) #define IP6T_SO_GET_ENTRIES (IP6T_BASE_CTL + 1) #define IP6T_SO_GET_REVISION_MATCH (IP6T_BASE_CTL + 4) #define IP6T_SO_GET_REVISION_TARGET (IP6T_BASE_CTL + 5) #define IP6T_SO_GET_MAX IP6T_SO_GET_REVISION_TARGET /* obtain original address if REDIRECT'd connection */ #define IP6T_SO_ORIGINAL_DST 80 /* ICMP matching stuff */ struct ip6t_icmp { __u8 type; /* type to match */ __u8 code[2]; /* range of code */ __u8 invflags; /* Inverse flags */ }; /* Values for "inv" field for struct ipt_icmp. */ #define IP6T_ICMP_INV 0x01 /* Invert the sense of type/code test */ /* The argument to IP6T_SO_GET_INFO */ struct ip6t_getinfo { /* Which table: caller fills this in. */ char name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN]; /* Kernel fills these in. */ /* Which hook entry points are valid: bitmask */ unsigned int valid_hooks; /* Hook entry points: one per netfilter hook. */ unsigned int hook_entry[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS]; /* Underflow points. */ unsigned int underflow[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS]; /* Number of entries */ unsigned int num_entries; /* Size of entries. */ unsigned int size; }; /* The argument to IP6T_SO_SET_REPLACE. */ struct ip6t_replace { /* Which table. */ char name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN]; /* Which hook entry points are valid: bitmask. You can't change this. */ unsigned int valid_hooks; /* Number of entries */ unsigned int num_entries; /* Total size of new entries */ unsigned int size; /* Hook entry points. */ unsigned int hook_entry[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS]; /* Underflow points. */ unsigned int underflow[NF_INET_NUMHOOKS]; /* Information about old entries: */ /* Number of counters (must be equal to current number of entries). */ unsigned int num_counters; /* The old entries' counters. */ struct xt_counters __user *counters; /* The entries (hang off end: not really an array). */ struct ip6t_entry entries[0]; }; /* The argument to IP6T_SO_GET_ENTRIES. */ struct ip6t_get_entries { /* Which table: user fills this in. */ char name[XT_TABLE_MAXNAMELEN]; /* User fills this in: total entry size. */ unsigned int size; /* The entries. */ struct ip6t_entry entrytable[0]; }; /* Helper functions */ static __inline__ struct xt_entry_target * ip6t_get_target(struct ip6t_entry *e) { return (struct xt_entry_target *)((char *)e + e->target_offset); } /* * Main firewall chains definitions and global var's definitions. */ #endif /* _UAPI_IP6_TABLES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM fib #if !defined(_TRACE_FIB_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_FIB_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <net/ip_fib.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(fib_table_lookup, TP_PROTO(u32 tb_id, const struct flowi4 *flp, const struct fib_nh_common *nhc, int err), TP_ARGS(tb_id, flp, nhc, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( u32, tb_id ) __field( int, err ) __field( int, oif ) __field( int, iif ) __field( u8, proto ) __field( __u8, tos ) __field( __u8, scope ) __field( __u8, flags ) __array( __u8, src, 4 ) __array( __u8, dst, 4 ) __array( __u8, gw4, 4 ) __array( __u8, gw6, 16 ) __field( u16, sport ) __field( u16, dport ) __dynamic_array(char, name, IFNAMSIZ ) ), TP_fast_assign( struct in6_addr in6_zero = {}; struct net_device *dev; struct in6_addr *in6; __be32 *p32; __entry->tb_id = tb_id; __entry->err = err; __entry->oif = flp->flowi4_oif; __entry->iif = flp->flowi4_iif; __entry->tos = flp->flowi4_tos; __entry->scope = flp->flowi4_scope; __entry->flags = flp->flowi4_flags; p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->src; *p32 = flp->saddr; p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->dst; *p32 = flp->daddr; __entry->proto = flp->flowi4_proto; if (__entry->proto == IPPROTO_TCP || __entry->proto == IPPROTO_UDP) { __entry->sport = ntohs(flp->fl4_sport); __entry->dport = ntohs(flp->fl4_dport); } else { __entry->sport = 0; __entry->dport = 0; } dev = nhc ? nhc->nhc_dev : NULL; __assign_str(name, dev ? dev->name : "-"); if (nhc) { if (nhc->nhc_gw_family == AF_INET) { p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->gw4; *p32 = nhc->nhc_gw.ipv4; in6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->gw6; *in6 = in6_zero; } else if (nhc->nhc_gw_family == AF_INET6) { p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->gw4; *p32 = 0; in6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->gw6; *in6 = nhc->nhc_gw.ipv6; } } else { p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->gw4; *p32 = 0; in6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->gw6; *in6 = in6_zero; } ), TP_printk("table %u oif %d iif %d proto %u %pI4/%u -> %pI4/%u tos %d scope %d flags %x ==> dev %s gw %pI4/%pI6c err %d", __entry->tb_id, __entry->oif, __entry->iif, __entry->proto, __entry->src, __entry->sport, __entry->dst, __entry->dport, __entry->tos, __entry->scope, __entry->flags, __get_str(name), __entry->gw4, __entry->gw6, __entry->err) ); #endif /* _TRACE_FIB_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the IP router. * * Version: @(#)route.h 1.0.4 05/27/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> * Fixes: * Alan Cox : Reformatted. Added ip_rt_local() * Alan Cox : Support for TCP parameters. * Alexey Kuznetsov: Major changes for new routing code. * Mike McLagan : Routing by source * Robert Olsson : Added rt_cache statistics */ #ifndef _ROUTE_H #define _ROUTE_H #include <net/dst.h> #include <net/inetpeer.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/ip_fib.h> #include <net/arp.h> #include <net/ndisc.h> #include <linux/in_route.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/route.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/security.h> /* IPv4 datagram length is stored into 16bit field (tot_len) */ #define IP_MAX_MTU 0xFFFFU #define RTO_ONLINK 0x01 #define RT_CONN_FLAGS(sk) (RT_TOS(inet_sk(sk)->tos) | sock_flag(sk, SOCK_LOCALROUTE)) #define RT_CONN_FLAGS_TOS(sk,tos) (RT_TOS(tos) | sock_flag(sk, SOCK_LOCALROUTE)) struct fib_nh; struct fib_info; struct uncached_list; struct rtable { struct dst_entry dst; int rt_genid; unsigned int rt_flags; __u16 rt_type; __u8 rt_is_input; __u8 rt_uses_gateway; int rt_iif; u8 rt_gw_family; /* Info on neighbour */ union { __be32 rt_gw4; struct in6_addr rt_gw6; }; /* Miscellaneous cached information */ u32 rt_mtu_locked:1, rt_pmtu:31; struct list_head rt_uncached; struct uncached_list *rt_uncached_list; }; static inline bool rt_is_input_route(const struct rtable *rt) { return rt->rt_is_input != 0; } static inline bool rt_is_output_route(const struct rtable *rt) { return rt->rt_is_input == 0; } static inline __be32 rt_nexthop(const struct rtable *rt, __be32 daddr) { if (rt->rt_gw_family == AF_INET) return rt->rt_gw4; return daddr; } struct ip_rt_acct { __u32 o_bytes; __u32 o_packets; __u32 i_bytes; __u32 i_packets; }; struct rt_cache_stat { unsigned int in_slow_tot; unsigned int in_slow_mc; unsigned int in_no_route; unsigned int in_brd; unsigned int in_martian_dst; unsigned int in_martian_src; unsigned int out_slow_tot; unsigned int out_slow_mc; }; extern struct ip_rt_acct __percpu *ip_rt_acct; struct in_device; int ip_rt_init(void); void rt_cache_flush(struct net *net); void rt_flush_dev(struct net_device *dev); struct rtable *ip_route_output_key_hash(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *flp, const struct sk_buff *skb); struct rtable *ip_route_output_key_hash_rcu(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *flp, struct fib_result *res, const struct sk_buff *skb); static inline struct rtable *__ip_route_output_key(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *flp) { return ip_route_output_key_hash(net, flp, NULL); } struct rtable *ip_route_output_flow(struct net *, struct flowi4 *flp, const struct sock *sk); struct rtable *ip_route_output_tunnel(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct net *net, __be32 *saddr, const struct ip_tunnel_info *info, u8 protocol, bool use_cache); struct dst_entry *ipv4_blackhole_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig); static inline struct rtable *ip_route_output_key(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *flp) { return ip_route_output_flow(net, flp, NULL); } static inline struct rtable *ip_route_output(struct net *net, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, u8 tos, int oif) { struct flowi4 fl4 = { .flowi4_oif = oif, .flowi4_tos = tos, .daddr = daddr, .saddr = saddr, }; return ip_route_output_key(net, &fl4); } static inline struct rtable *ip_route_output_ports(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct sock *sk, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, __be16 dport, __be16 sport, __u8 proto, __u8 tos, int oif) { flowi4_init_output(fl4, oif, sk ? sk->sk_mark : 0, tos, RT_SCOPE_UNIVERSE, proto, sk ? inet_sk_flowi_flags(sk) : 0, daddr, saddr, dport, sport, sock_net_uid(net, sk)); if (sk) security_sk_classify_flow(sk, flowi4_to_flowi(fl4)); return ip_route_output_flow(net, fl4, sk); } static inline struct rtable *ip_route_output_gre(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *fl4, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, __be32 gre_key, __u8 tos, int oif) { memset(fl4, 0, sizeof(*fl4)); fl4->flowi4_oif = oif; fl4->daddr = daddr; fl4->saddr = saddr; fl4->flowi4_tos = tos; fl4->flowi4_proto = IPPROTO_GRE; fl4->fl4_gre_key = gre_key; return ip_route_output_key(net, fl4); } int ip_mc_validate_source(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, u8 tos, struct net_device *dev, struct in_device *in_dev, u32 *itag); int ip_route_input_noref(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 dst, __be32 src, u8 tos, struct net_device *devin); int ip_route_input_rcu(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 dst, __be32 src, u8 tos, struct net_device *devin, struct fib_result *res); int ip_route_use_hint(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 dst, __be32 src, u8 tos, struct net_device *devin, const struct sk_buff *hint); static inline int ip_route_input(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 dst, __be32 src, u8 tos, struct net_device *devin) { int err; rcu_read_lock(); err = ip_route_input_noref(skb, dst, src, tos, devin); if (!err) { skb_dst_force(skb); if (!skb_dst(skb)) err = -EINVAL; } rcu_read_unlock(); return err; } void ipv4_update_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, u32 mtu, int oif, u8 protocol); void ipv4_sk_update_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk, u32 mtu); void ipv4_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, int oif, u8 protocol); void ipv4_sk_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk); void ip_rt_send_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb); unsigned int inet_addr_type(struct net *net, __be32 addr); unsigned int inet_addr_type_table(struct net *net, __be32 addr, u32 tb_id); unsigned int inet_dev_addr_type(struct net *net, const struct net_device *dev, __be32 addr); unsigned int inet_addr_type_dev_table(struct net *net, const struct net_device *dev, __be32 addr); void ip_rt_multicast_event(struct in_device *); int ip_rt_ioctl(struct net *, unsigned int cmd, struct rtentry *rt); void ip_rt_get_source(u8 *src, struct sk_buff *skb, struct rtable *rt); struct rtable *rt_dst_alloc(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int flags, u16 type, bool nopolicy, bool noxfrm); struct rtable *rt_dst_clone(struct net_device *dev, struct rtable *rt); struct in_ifaddr; void fib_add_ifaddr(struct in_ifaddr *); void fib_del_ifaddr(struct in_ifaddr *, struct in_ifaddr *); void fib_modify_prefix_metric(struct in_ifaddr *ifa, u32 new_metric); void rt_add_uncached_list(struct rtable *rt); void rt_del_uncached_list(struct rtable *rt); int fib_dump_info_fnhe(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, u32 table_id, struct fib_info *fi, int *fa_index, int fa_start, unsigned int flags); static inline void ip_rt_put(struct rtable *rt) { /* dst_release() accepts a NULL parameter. * We rely on dst being first structure in struct rtable */ BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct rtable, dst) != 0); dst_release(&rt->dst); } #define IPTOS_RT_MASK (IPTOS_TOS_MASK & ~3) extern const __u8 ip_tos2prio[16]; static inline char rt_tos2priority(u8 tos) { return ip_tos2prio[IPTOS_TOS(tos)>>1]; } /* ip_route_connect() and ip_route_newports() work in tandem whilst * binding a socket for a new outgoing connection. * * In order to use IPSEC properly, we must, in the end, have a * route that was looked up using all available keys including source * and destination ports. * * However, if a source port needs to be allocated (the user specified * a wildcard source port) we need to obtain addressing information * in order to perform that allocation. * * So ip_route_connect() looks up a route using wildcarded source and * destination ports in the key, simply so that we can get a pair of * addresses to use for port allocation. * * Later, once the ports are allocated, ip_route_newports() will make * another route lookup if needed to make sure we catch any IPSEC * rules keyed on the port information. * * The callers allocate the flow key on their stack, and must pass in * the same flowi4 object to both the ip_route_connect() and the * ip_route_newports() calls. */ static inline void ip_route_connect_init(struct flowi4 *fl4, __be32 dst, __be32 src, u32 tos, int oif, u8 protocol, __be16 sport, __be16 dport, struct sock *sk) { __u8 flow_flags = 0; if (inet_sk(sk)->transparent) flow_flags |= FLOWI_FLAG_ANYSRC; flowi4_init_output(fl4, oif, sk->sk_mark, tos, RT_SCOPE_UNIVERSE, protocol, flow_flags, dst, src, dport, sport, sk->sk_uid); } static inline struct rtable *ip_route_connect(struct flowi4 *fl4, __be32 dst, __be32 src, u32 tos, int oif, u8 protocol, __be16 sport, __be16 dport, struct sock *sk) { struct net *net = sock_net(sk); struct rtable *rt; ip_route_connect_init(fl4, dst, src, tos, oif, protocol, sport, dport, sk); if (!dst || !src) { rt = __ip_route_output_key(net, fl4); if (IS_ERR(rt)) return rt; ip_rt_put(rt); flowi4_update_output(fl4, oif, tos, fl4->daddr, fl4->saddr); } security_sk_classify_flow(sk, flowi4_to_flowi(fl4)); return ip_route_output_flow(net, fl4, sk); } static inline struct rtable *ip_route_newports(struct flowi4 *fl4, struct rtable *rt, __be16 orig_sport, __be16 orig_dport, __be16 sport, __be16 dport, struct sock *sk) { if (sport != orig_sport || dport != orig_dport) { fl4->fl4_dport = dport; fl4->fl4_sport = sport; ip_rt_put(rt); flowi4_update_output(fl4, sk->sk_bound_dev_if, RT_CONN_FLAGS(sk), fl4->daddr, fl4->saddr); security_sk_classify_flow(sk, flowi4_to_flowi(fl4)); return ip_route_output_flow(sock_net(sk), fl4, sk); } return rt; } static inline int inet_iif(const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct rtable *rt = skb_rtable(skb); if (rt && rt->rt_iif) return rt->rt_iif; return skb->skb_iif; } static inline int ip4_dst_hoplimit(const struct dst_entry *dst) { int hoplimit = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_HOPLIMIT); struct net *net = dev_net(dst->dev); if (hoplimit == 0) hoplimit = net->ipv4.sysctl_ip_default_ttl; return hoplimit; } static inline struct neighbour *ip_neigh_gw4(struct net_device *dev, __be32 daddr) { struct neighbour *neigh; neigh = __ipv4_neigh_lookup_noref(dev, daddr); if (unlikely(!neigh)) neigh = __neigh_create(&arp_tbl, &daddr, dev, false); return neigh; } static inline struct neighbour *ip_neigh_for_gw(struct rtable *rt, struct sk_buff *skb, bool *is_v6gw) { struct net_device *dev = rt->dst.dev; struct neighbour *neigh; if (likely(rt->rt_gw_family == AF_INET)) { neigh = ip_neigh_gw4(dev, rt->rt_gw4); } else if (rt->rt_gw_family == AF_INET6) { neigh = ip_neigh_gw6(dev, &rt->rt_gw6); *is_v6gw = true; } else { neigh = ip_neigh_gw4(dev, ip_hdr(skb)->daddr); } return neigh; } #endif /* _ROUTE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_TLB_H #define _ASM_X86_TLB_H #define tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma) do { } while (0) #define tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma) do { } while (0) #define __tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, ptep, address) do { } while (0) #define tlb_flush tlb_flush static inline void tlb_flush(struct mmu_gather *tlb); #include <asm-generic/tlb.h> static inline void tlb_flush(struct mmu_gather *tlb) { unsigned long start = 0UL, end = TLB_FLUSH_ALL; unsigned int stride_shift = tlb_get_unmap_shift(tlb); if (!tlb->fullmm && !tlb->need_flush_all) { start = tlb->start; end = tlb->end; } flush_tlb_mm_range(tlb->mm, start, end, stride_shift, tlb->freed_tables); } /* * While x86 architecture in general requires an IPI to perform TLB * shootdown, enablement code for several hypervisors overrides * .flush_tlb_others hook in pv_mmu_ops and implements it by issuing * a hypercall. To keep software pagetable walkers safe in this case we * switch to RCU based table free (MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE). See the comment * below 'ifdef CONFIG_MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE' in include/asm-generic/tlb.h * for more details. */ static inline void __tlb_remove_table(void *table) { free_page_and_swap_cache(table); } #endif /* _ASM_X86_TLB_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PART_STAT_H #define _LINUX_PART_STAT_H #include <linux/genhd.h> struct disk_stats { u64 nsecs[NR_STAT_GROUPS]; unsigned long sectors[NR_STAT_GROUPS]; unsigned long ios[NR_STAT_GROUPS]; unsigned long merges[NR_STAT_GROUPS]; unsigned long io_ticks; local_t in_flight[2]; }; /* * Macros to operate on percpu disk statistics: * * {disk|part|all}_stat_{add|sub|inc|dec}() modify the stat counters and should * be called between disk_stat_lock() and disk_stat_unlock(). * * part_stat_read() can be called at any time. */ #define part_stat_lock() preempt_disable() #define part_stat_unlock() preempt_enable() #define part_stat_get_cpu(part, field, cpu) \ (per_cpu_ptr((part)->dkstats, (cpu))->field) #define part_stat_get(part, field) \ part_stat_get_cpu(part, field, smp_processor_id()) #define part_stat_read(part, field) \ ({ \ typeof((part)->dkstats->field) res = 0; \ unsigned int _cpu; \ for_each_possible_cpu(_cpu) \ res += per_cpu_ptr((part)->dkstats, _cpu)->field; \ res; \ }) static inline void part_stat_set_all(struct hd_struct *part, int value) { int i; for_each_possible_cpu(i) memset(per_cpu_ptr(part->dkstats, i), value, sizeof(struct disk_stats)); } #define part_stat_read_accum(part, field) \ (part_stat_read(part, field[STAT_READ]) + \ part_stat_read(part, field[STAT_WRITE]) + \ part_stat_read(part, field[STAT_DISCARD])) #define __part_stat_add(part, field, addnd) \ __this_cpu_add((part)->dkstats->field, addnd) #define part_stat_add(part, field, addnd) do { \ __part_stat_add((part), field, addnd); \ if ((part)->partno) \ __part_stat_add(&part_to_disk((part))->part0, \ field, addnd); \ } while (0) #define part_stat_dec(gendiskp, field) \ part_stat_add(gendiskp, field, -1) #define part_stat_inc(gendiskp, field) \ part_stat_add(gendiskp, field, 1) #define part_stat_sub(gendiskp, field, subnd) \ part_stat_add(gendiskp, field, -subnd) #define part_stat_local_dec(gendiskp, field) \ local_dec(&(part_stat_get(gendiskp, field))) #define part_stat_local_inc(gendiskp, field) \ local_inc(&(part_stat_get(gendiskp, field))) #define part_stat_local_read(gendiskp, field) \ local_read(&(part_stat_get(gendiskp, field))) #define part_stat_local_read_cpu(gendiskp, field, cpu) \ local_read(&(part_stat_get_cpu(gendiskp, field, cpu))) #endif /* _LINUX_PART_STAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Filesystem parameter description and parser * * Copyright (C) 2018 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_PARSER_H #define _LINUX_FS_PARSER_H #include <linux/fs_context.h> struct path; struct constant_table { const char *name; int value; }; struct fs_parameter_spec; struct fs_parse_result; typedef int fs_param_type(struct p_log *, const struct fs_parameter_spec *, struct fs_parameter *, struct fs_parse_result *); /* * The type of parameter expected. */ fs_param_type fs_param_is_bool, fs_param_is_u32, fs_param_is_s32, fs_param_is_u64, fs_param_is_enum, fs_param_is_string, fs_param_is_blob, fs_param_is_blockdev, fs_param_is_path, fs_param_is_fd; /* * Specification of the type of value a parameter wants. * * Note that the fsparam_flag(), fsparam_string(), fsparam_u32(), ... macros * should be used to generate elements of this type. */ struct fs_parameter_spec { const char *name; fs_param_type *type; /* The desired parameter type */ u8 opt; /* Option number (returned by fs_parse()) */ unsigned short flags; #define fs_param_neg_with_no 0x0002 /* "noxxx" is negative param */ #define fs_param_neg_with_empty 0x0004 /* "xxx=" is negative param */ #define fs_param_deprecated 0x0008 /* The param is deprecated */ const void *data; }; /* * Result of parse. */ struct fs_parse_result { bool negated; /* T if param was "noxxx" */ union { bool boolean; /* For spec_bool */ int int_32; /* For spec_s32/spec_enum */ unsigned int uint_32; /* For spec_u32{,_octal,_hex}/spec_enum */ u64 uint_64; /* For spec_u64 */ }; }; extern int __fs_parse(struct p_log *log, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc, struct fs_parameter *value, struct fs_parse_result *result); static inline int fs_parse(struct fs_context *fc, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc, struct fs_parameter *param, struct fs_parse_result *result) { return __fs_parse(&fc->log, desc, param, result); } extern int fs_lookup_param(struct fs_context *fc, struct fs_parameter *param, bool want_bdev, struct path *_path); extern int lookup_constant(const struct constant_table tbl[], const char *name, int not_found); #ifdef CONFIG_VALIDATE_FS_PARSER extern bool validate_constant_table(const struct constant_table *tbl, size_t tbl_size, int low, int high, int special); extern bool fs_validate_description(const char *name, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc); #else static inline bool validate_constant_table(const struct constant_table *tbl, size_t tbl_size, int low, int high, int special) { return true; } static inline bool fs_validate_description(const char *name, const struct fs_parameter_spec *desc) { return true; } #endif /* * Parameter type, name, index and flags element constructors. Use as: * * fsparam_xxxx("foo", Opt_foo) * * If existing helpers are not enough, direct use of __fsparam() would * work, but any such case is probably a sign that new helper is needed. * Helpers will remain stable; low-level implementation may change. */ #define __fsparam(TYPE, NAME, OPT, FLAGS, DATA) \ { \ .name = NAME, \ .opt = OPT, \ .type = TYPE, \ .flags = FLAGS, \ .data = DATA \ } #define fsparam_flag(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(NULL, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_flag_no(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(NULL, NAME, OPT, fs_param_neg_with_no, NULL) #define fsparam_bool(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_bool, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_u32(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_u32, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_u32oct(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(fs_param_is_u32, NAME, OPT, 0, (void *)8) #define fsparam_u32hex(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(fs_param_is_u32_hex, NAME, OPT, 0, (void *)16) #define fsparam_s32(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_s32, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_u64(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_u64, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_enum(NAME, OPT, array) __fsparam(fs_param_is_enum, NAME, OPT, 0, array) #define fsparam_string(NAME, OPT) \ __fsparam(fs_param_is_string, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_blob(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_blob, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_bdev(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_blockdev, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_path(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_path, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #define fsparam_fd(NAME, OPT) __fsparam(fs_param_is_fd, NAME, OPT, 0, NULL) #endif /* _LINUX_FS_PARSER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _SCSI_SCSI_CMND_H #define _SCSI_SCSI_CMND_H #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/t10-pi.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <scsi/scsi_device.h> #include <scsi/scsi_request.h> struct Scsi_Host; struct scsi_driver; /* * MAX_COMMAND_SIZE is: * The longest fixed-length SCSI CDB as per the SCSI standard. * fixed-length means: commands that their size can be determined * by their opcode and the CDB does not carry a length specifier, (unlike * the VARIABLE_LENGTH_CMD(0x7f) command). This is actually not exactly * true and the SCSI standard also defines extended commands and * vendor specific commands that can be bigger than 16 bytes. The kernel * will support these using the same infrastructure used for VARLEN CDB's. * So in effect MAX_COMMAND_SIZE means the maximum size command scsi-ml * supports without specifying a cmd_len by ULD's */ #define MAX_COMMAND_SIZE 16 #if (MAX_COMMAND_SIZE > BLK_MAX_CDB) # error MAX_COMMAND_SIZE can not be bigger than BLK_MAX_CDB #endif struct scsi_data_buffer { struct sg_table table; unsigned length; }; /* embedded in scsi_cmnd */ struct scsi_pointer { char *ptr; /* data pointer */ int this_residual; /* left in this buffer */ struct scatterlist *buffer; /* which buffer */ int buffers_residual; /* how many buffers left */ dma_addr_t dma_handle; volatile int Status; volatile int Message; volatile int have_data_in; volatile int sent_command; volatile int phase; }; /* for scmd->flags */ #define SCMD_TAGGED (1 << 0) #define SCMD_UNCHECKED_ISA_DMA (1 << 1) #define SCMD_INITIALIZED (1 << 2) #define SCMD_LAST (1 << 3) /* flags preserved across unprep / reprep */ #define SCMD_PRESERVED_FLAGS (SCMD_UNCHECKED_ISA_DMA | SCMD_INITIALIZED) /* for scmd->state */ #define SCMD_STATE_COMPLETE 0 #define SCMD_STATE_INFLIGHT 1 struct scsi_cmnd { struct scsi_request req; struct scsi_device *device; struct list_head eh_entry; /* entry for the host eh_cmd_q */ struct delayed_work abort_work; struct rcu_head rcu; int eh_eflags; /* Used by error handlr */ /* * This is set to jiffies as it was when the command was first * allocated. It is used to time how long the command has * been outstanding */ unsigned long jiffies_at_alloc; int retries; int allowed; unsigned char prot_op; unsigned char prot_type; unsigned char prot_flags; unsigned short cmd_len; enum dma_data_direction sc_data_direction; /* These elements define the operation we are about to perform */ unsigned char *cmnd; /* These elements define the operation we ultimately want to perform */ struct scsi_data_buffer sdb; struct scsi_data_buffer *prot_sdb; unsigned underflow; /* Return error if less than this amount is transferred */ unsigned transfersize; /* How much we are guaranteed to transfer with each SCSI transfer (ie, between disconnect / reconnects. Probably == sector size */ struct request *request; /* The command we are working on */ unsigned char *sense_buffer; /* obtained by REQUEST SENSE when * CHECK CONDITION is received on original * command (auto-sense). Length must be * SCSI_SENSE_BUFFERSIZE bytes. */ /* Low-level done function - can be used by low-level driver to point * to completion function. Not used by mid/upper level code. */ void (*scsi_done) (struct scsi_cmnd *); /* * The following fields can be written to by the host specific code. * Everything else should be left alone. */ struct scsi_pointer SCp; /* Scratchpad used by some host adapters */ unsigned char *host_scribble; /* The host adapter is allowed to * call scsi_malloc and get some memory * and hang it here. The host adapter * is also expected to call scsi_free * to release this memory. (The memory * obtained by scsi_malloc is guaranteed * to be at an address < 16Mb). */ int result; /* Status code from lower level driver */ int flags; /* Command flags */ unsigned long state; /* Command completion state */ unsigned char tag; /* SCSI-II queued command tag */ unsigned int extra_len; /* length of alignment and padding */ }; /* * Return the driver private allocation behind the command. * Only works if cmd_size is set in the host template. */ static inline void *scsi_cmd_priv(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd + 1; } /* make sure not to use it with passthrough commands */ static inline struct scsi_driver *scsi_cmd_to_driver(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return *(struct scsi_driver **)cmd->request->rq_disk->private_data; } extern void scsi_finish_command(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); extern void *scsi_kmap_atomic_sg(struct scatterlist *sg, int sg_count, size_t *offset, size_t *len); extern void scsi_kunmap_atomic_sg(void *virt); blk_status_t scsi_alloc_sgtables(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); void scsi_free_sgtables(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); #ifdef CONFIG_SCSI_DMA extern int scsi_dma_map(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); extern void scsi_dma_unmap(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd); #else /* !CONFIG_SCSI_DMA */ static inline int scsi_dma_map(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void scsi_dma_unmap(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_SCSI_DMA */ static inline unsigned scsi_sg_count(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->sdb.table.nents; } static inline struct scatterlist *scsi_sglist(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->sdb.table.sgl; } static inline unsigned scsi_bufflen(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->sdb.length; } static inline void scsi_set_resid(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, unsigned int resid) { cmd->req.resid_len = resid; } static inline unsigned int scsi_get_resid(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->req.resid_len; } #define scsi_for_each_sg(cmd, sg, nseg, __i) \ for_each_sg(scsi_sglist(cmd), sg, nseg, __i) static inline int scsi_sg_copy_from_buffer(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, void *buf, int buflen) { return sg_copy_from_buffer(scsi_sglist(cmd), scsi_sg_count(cmd), buf, buflen); } static inline int scsi_sg_copy_to_buffer(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, void *buf, int buflen) { return sg_copy_to_buffer(scsi_sglist(cmd), scsi_sg_count(cmd), buf, buflen); } /* * The operations below are hints that tell the controller driver how * to handle I/Os with DIF or similar types of protection information. */ enum scsi_prot_operations { /* Normal I/O */ SCSI_PROT_NORMAL = 0, /* OS-HBA: Protected, HBA-Target: Unprotected */ SCSI_PROT_READ_INSERT, SCSI_PROT_WRITE_STRIP, /* OS-HBA: Unprotected, HBA-Target: Protected */ SCSI_PROT_READ_STRIP, SCSI_PROT_WRITE_INSERT, /* OS-HBA: Protected, HBA-Target: Protected */ SCSI_PROT_READ_PASS, SCSI_PROT_WRITE_PASS, }; static inline void scsi_set_prot_op(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd, unsigned char op) { scmd->prot_op = op; } static inline unsigned char scsi_get_prot_op(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd) { return scmd->prot_op; } enum scsi_prot_flags { SCSI_PROT_TRANSFER_PI = 1 << 0, SCSI_PROT_GUARD_CHECK = 1 << 1, SCSI_PROT_REF_CHECK = 1 << 2, SCSI_PROT_REF_INCREMENT = 1 << 3, SCSI_PROT_IP_CHECKSUM = 1 << 4, }; /* * The controller usually does not know anything about the target it * is communicating with. However, when DIX is enabled the controller * must be know target type so it can verify the protection * information passed along with the I/O. */ enum scsi_prot_target_type { SCSI_PROT_DIF_TYPE0 = 0, SCSI_PROT_DIF_TYPE1, SCSI_PROT_DIF_TYPE2, SCSI_PROT_DIF_TYPE3, }; static inline void scsi_set_prot_type(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd, unsigned char type) { scmd->prot_type = type; } static inline unsigned char scsi_get_prot_type(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd) { return scmd->prot_type; } static inline sector_t scsi_get_lba(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd) { return blk_rq_pos(scmd->request); } static inline unsigned int scsi_prot_interval(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd) { return scmd->device->sector_size; } static inline unsigned scsi_prot_sg_count(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->prot_sdb ? cmd->prot_sdb->table.nents : 0; } static inline struct scatterlist *scsi_prot_sglist(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->prot_sdb ? cmd->prot_sdb->table.sgl : NULL; } static inline struct scsi_data_buffer *scsi_prot(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd) { return cmd->prot_sdb; } #define scsi_for_each_prot_sg(cmd, sg, nseg, __i) \ for_each_sg(scsi_prot_sglist(cmd), sg, nseg, __i) static inline void set_msg_byte(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, char status) { cmd->result = (cmd->result & 0xffff00ff) | (status << 8); } static inline void set_host_byte(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, char status) { cmd->result = (cmd->result & 0xff00ffff) | (status << 16); } static inline void set_driver_byte(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd, char status) { cmd->result = (cmd->result & 0x00ffffff) | (status << 24); } static inline unsigned scsi_transfer_length(struct scsi_cmnd *scmd) { unsigned int xfer_len = scmd->sdb.length; unsigned int prot_interval = scsi_prot_interval(scmd); if (scmd->prot_flags & SCSI_PROT_TRANSFER_PI) xfer_len += (xfer_len >> ilog2(prot_interval)) * 8; return xfer_len; } #endif /* _SCSI_SCSI_CMND_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Access to user system call parameters and results * * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved. * * See asm-generic/syscall.h for descriptions of what we must do here. */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_SYSCALL_H #define _ASM_X86_SYSCALL_H #include <uapi/linux/audit.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <asm/thread_info.h> /* for TS_COMPAT */ #include <asm/unistd.h> typedef long (*sys_call_ptr_t)(const struct pt_regs *); extern const sys_call_ptr_t sys_call_table[]; #if defined(CONFIG_X86_32) #define ia32_sys_call_table sys_call_table #endif #if defined(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION) extern const sys_call_ptr_t ia32_sys_call_table[]; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI extern const sys_call_ptr_t x32_sys_call_table[]; #endif /* * Only the low 32 bits of orig_ax are meaningful, so we return int. * This importantly ignores the high bits on 64-bit, so comparisons * sign-extend the low 32 bits. */ static inline int syscall_get_nr(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs) { return regs->orig_ax; } static inline void syscall_rollback(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs) { regs->ax = regs->orig_ax; } static inline long syscall_get_error(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs) { unsigned long error = regs->ax; #ifdef CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION /* * TS_COMPAT is set for 32-bit syscall entries and then * remains set until we return to user mode. */ if (task->thread_info.status & (TS_COMPAT|TS_I386_REGS_POKED)) /* * Sign-extend the value so (int)-EFOO becomes (long)-EFOO * and will match correctly in comparisons. */ error = (long) (int) error; #endif return IS_ERR_VALUE(error) ? error : 0; } static inline long syscall_get_return_value(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs) { return regs->ax; } static inline void syscall_set_return_value(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs, int error, long val) { regs->ax = (long) error ?: val; } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 static inline void syscall_get_arguments(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long *args) { memcpy(args, &regs->bx, 6 * sizeof(args[0])); } static inline void syscall_set_arguments(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int i, unsigned int n, const unsigned long *args) { BUG_ON(i + n > 6); memcpy(&regs->bx + i, args, n * sizeof(args[0])); } static inline int syscall_get_arch(struct task_struct *task) { return AUDIT_ARCH_I386; } #else /* CONFIG_X86_64 */ static inline void syscall_get_arguments(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long *args) { # ifdef CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION if (task->thread_info.status & TS_COMPAT) { *args++ = regs->bx; *args++ = regs->cx; *args++ = regs->dx; *args++ = regs->si; *args++ = regs->di; *args = regs->bp; } else # endif { *args++ = regs->di; *args++ = regs->si; *args++ = regs->dx; *args++ = regs->r10; *args++ = regs->r8; *args = regs->r9; } } static inline void syscall_set_arguments(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs, const unsigned long *args) { # ifdef CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION if (task->thread_info.status & TS_COMPAT) { regs->bx = *args++; regs->cx = *args++; regs->dx = *args++; regs->si = *args++; regs->di = *args++; regs->bp = *args; } else # endif { regs->di = *args++; regs->si = *args++; regs->dx = *args++; regs->r10 = *args++; regs->r8 = *args++; regs->r9 = *args; } } static inline int syscall_get_arch(struct task_struct *task) { /* x32 tasks should be considered AUDIT_ARCH_X86_64. */ return (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION) && task->thread_info.status & TS_COMPAT) ? AUDIT_ARCH_I386 : AUDIT_ARCH_X86_64; } void do_syscall_64(unsigned long nr, struct pt_regs *regs); void do_int80_syscall_32(struct pt_regs *regs); long do_fast_syscall_32(struct pt_regs *regs); #endif /* CONFIG_X86_32 */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_SYSCALL_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright (C) 1994 Linus Torvalds * * Pentium III FXSR, SSE support * General FPU state handling cleanups * Gareth Hughes <gareth@valinux.com>, May 2000 * x86-64 work by Andi Kleen 2002 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_FPU_INTERNAL_H #define _ASM_X86_FPU_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <asm/user.h> #include <asm/fpu/api.h> #include <asm/fpu/xstate.h> #include <asm/fpu/xcr.h> #include <asm/cpufeature.h> #include <asm/trace/fpu.h> /* * High level FPU state handling functions: */ extern void fpu__prepare_read(struct fpu *fpu); extern void fpu__prepare_write(struct fpu *fpu); extern void fpu__save(struct fpu *fpu); extern int fpu__restore_sig(void __user *buf, int ia32_frame); extern void fpu__drop(struct fpu *fpu); extern int fpu__copy(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src); extern void fpu__clear_user_states(struct fpu *fpu); extern void fpu__clear_all(struct fpu *fpu); extern int fpu__exception_code(struct fpu *fpu, int trap_nr); /* * Boot time FPU initialization functions: */ extern void fpu__init_cpu(void); extern void fpu__init_system_xstate(void); extern void fpu__init_cpu_xstate(void); extern void fpu__init_system(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c); extern void fpu__init_check_bugs(void); extern void fpu__resume_cpu(void); extern u64 fpu__get_supported_xfeatures_mask(void); /* * Debugging facility: */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_DEBUG_FPU # define WARN_ON_FPU(x) WARN_ON_ONCE(x) #else # define WARN_ON_FPU(x) ({ (void)(x); 0; }) #endif /* * FPU related CPU feature flag helper routines: */ static __always_inline __pure bool use_xsaveopt(void) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVEOPT); } static __always_inline __pure bool use_xsave(void) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVE); } static __always_inline __pure bool use_fxsr(void) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FXSR); } /* * fpstate handling functions: */ extern union fpregs_state init_fpstate; extern void fpstate_init(union fpregs_state *state); #ifdef CONFIG_MATH_EMULATION extern void fpstate_init_soft(struct swregs_state *soft); #else static inline void fpstate_init_soft(struct swregs_state *soft) {} #endif static inline void fpstate_init_xstate(struct xregs_state *xsave) { /* * XRSTORS requires these bits set in xcomp_bv, or it will * trigger #GP: */ xsave->header.xcomp_bv = XCOMP_BV_COMPACTED_FORMAT | xfeatures_mask_all; } static inline void fpstate_init_fxstate(struct fxregs_state *fx) { fx->cwd = 0x37f; fx->mxcsr = MXCSR_DEFAULT; } extern void fpstate_sanitize_xstate(struct fpu *fpu); /* Returns 0 or the negated trap number, which results in -EFAULT for #PF */ #define user_insn(insn, output, input...) \ ({ \ int err; \ \ might_fault(); \ \ asm volatile(ASM_STAC "\n" \ "1: " #insn "\n" \ "2: " ASM_CLAC "\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3: negl %%eax\n" \ " jmp 2b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_FAULT(1b, 3b) \ : [err] "=a" (err), output \ : "0"(0), input); \ err; \ }) #define kernel_insn_err(insn, output, input...) \ ({ \ int err; \ asm volatile("1:" #insn "\n\t" \ "2:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3: movl $-1,%[err]\n" \ " jmp 2b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 3b) \ : [err] "=r" (err), output \ : "0"(0), input); \ err; \ }) #define kernel_insn(insn, output, input...) \ asm volatile("1:" #insn "\n\t" \ "2:\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_fprestore) \ : output : input) static inline int copy_fregs_to_user(struct fregs_state __user *fx) { return user_insn(fnsave %[fx]; fwait, [fx] "=m" (*fx), "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_fxregs_to_user(struct fxregs_state __user *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) return user_insn(fxsave %[fx], [fx] "=m" (*fx), "m" (*fx)); else return user_insn(fxsaveq %[fx], [fx] "=m" (*fx), "m" (*fx)); } static inline void copy_kernel_to_fxregs(struct fxregs_state *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) kernel_insn(fxrstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); else kernel_insn(fxrstorq %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_kernel_to_fxregs_err(struct fxregs_state *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) return kernel_insn_err(fxrstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); else return kernel_insn_err(fxrstorq %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_user_to_fxregs(struct fxregs_state __user *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) return user_insn(fxrstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); else return user_insn(fxrstorq %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline void copy_kernel_to_fregs(struct fregs_state *fx) { kernel_insn(frstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_kernel_to_fregs_err(struct fregs_state *fx) { return kernel_insn_err(frstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline int copy_user_to_fregs(struct fregs_state __user *fx) { return user_insn(frstor %[fx], "=m" (*fx), [fx] "m" (*fx)); } static inline void copy_fxregs_to_kernel(struct fpu *fpu) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) asm volatile( "fxsave %[fx]" : [fx] "=m" (fpu->state.fxsave)); else asm volatile("fxsaveq %[fx]" : [fx] "=m" (fpu->state.fxsave)); } static inline void fxsave(struct fxregs_state *fx) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) asm volatile( "fxsave %[fx]" : [fx] "=m" (*fx)); else asm volatile("fxsaveq %[fx]" : [fx] "=m" (*fx)); } /* These macros all use (%edi)/(%rdi) as the single memory argument. */ #define XSAVE ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xae,0x27" #define XSAVEOPT ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xae,0x37" #define XSAVES ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xc7,0x2f" #define XRSTOR ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xae,0x2f" #define XRSTORS ".byte " REX_PREFIX "0x0f,0xc7,0x1f" /* * After this @err contains 0 on success or the negated trap number when * the operation raises an exception. For faults this results in -EFAULT. */ #define XSTATE_OP(op, st, lmask, hmask, err) \ asm volatile("1:" op "\n\t" \ "xor %[err], %[err]\n" \ "2:\n\t" \ ".pushsection .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t" \ "3: negl %%eax\n\t" \ "jmp 2b\n\t" \ ".popsection\n\t" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_FAULT(1b, 3b) \ : [err] "=a" (err) \ : "D" (st), "m" (*st), "a" (lmask), "d" (hmask) \ : "memory") /* * If XSAVES is enabled, it replaces XSAVEOPT because it supports a compact * format and supervisor states in addition to modified optimization in * XSAVEOPT. * * Otherwise, if XSAVEOPT is enabled, XSAVEOPT replaces XSAVE because XSAVEOPT * supports modified optimization which is not supported by XSAVE. * * We use XSAVE as a fallback. * * The 661 label is defined in the ALTERNATIVE* macros as the address of the * original instruction which gets replaced. We need to use it here as the * address of the instruction where we might get an exception at. */ #define XSTATE_XSAVE(st, lmask, hmask, err) \ asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE_2(XSAVE, \ XSAVEOPT, X86_FEATURE_XSAVEOPT, \ XSAVES, X86_FEATURE_XSAVES) \ "\n" \ "xor %[err], %[err]\n" \ "3:\n" \ ".pushsection .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "4: movl $-2, %[err]\n" \ "jmp 3b\n" \ ".popsection\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE(661b, 4b) \ : [err] "=r" (err) \ : "D" (st), "m" (*st), "a" (lmask), "d" (hmask) \ : "memory") /* * Use XRSTORS to restore context if it is enabled. XRSTORS supports compact * XSAVE area format. */ #define XSTATE_XRESTORE(st, lmask, hmask) \ asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE(XRSTOR, \ XRSTORS, X86_FEATURE_XSAVES) \ "\n" \ "3:\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(661b, 3b, ex_handler_fprestore)\ : \ : "D" (st), "m" (*st), "a" (lmask), "d" (hmask) \ : "memory") /* * This function is called only during boot time when x86 caps are not set * up and alternative can not be used yet. */ static inline void copy_kernel_to_xregs_booting(struct xregs_state *xstate) { u64 mask = -1; u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; WARN_ON(system_state != SYSTEM_BOOTING); if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVES)) XSTATE_OP(XRSTORS, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); else XSTATE_OP(XRSTOR, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); /* * We should never fault when copying from a kernel buffer, and the FPU * state we set at boot time should be valid. */ WARN_ON_FPU(err); } /* * Save processor xstate to xsave area. */ static inline void copy_xregs_to_kernel(struct xregs_state *xstate) { u64 mask = xfeatures_mask_all; u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; WARN_ON_FPU(!alternatives_patched); XSTATE_XSAVE(xstate, lmask, hmask, err); /* We should never fault when copying to a kernel buffer: */ WARN_ON_FPU(err); } /* * Restore processor xstate from xsave area. */ static inline void copy_kernel_to_xregs(struct xregs_state *xstate, u64 mask) { u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; XSTATE_XRESTORE(xstate, lmask, hmask); } /* * Save xstate to user space xsave area. * * We don't use modified optimization because xrstor/xrstors might track * a different application. * * We don't use compacted format xsave area for * backward compatibility for old applications which don't understand * compacted format of xsave area. */ static inline int copy_xregs_to_user(struct xregs_state __user *buf) { u64 mask = xfeatures_mask_user(); u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; /* * Clear the xsave header first, so that reserved fields are * initialized to zero. */ err = __clear_user(&buf->header, sizeof(buf->header)); if (unlikely(err)) return -EFAULT; stac(); XSTATE_OP(XSAVE, buf, lmask, hmask, err); clac(); return err; } /* * Restore xstate from user space xsave area. */ static inline int copy_user_to_xregs(struct xregs_state __user *buf, u64 mask) { struct xregs_state *xstate = ((__force struct xregs_state *)buf); u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; stac(); XSTATE_OP(XRSTOR, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); clac(); return err; } /* * Restore xstate from kernel space xsave area, return an error code instead of * an exception. */ static inline int copy_kernel_to_xregs_err(struct xregs_state *xstate, u64 mask) { u32 lmask = mask; u32 hmask = mask >> 32; int err; if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVES)) XSTATE_OP(XRSTORS, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); else XSTATE_OP(XRSTOR, xstate, lmask, hmask, err); return err; } extern int copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(struct fpu *fpu); static inline void __copy_kernel_to_fpregs(union fpregs_state *fpstate, u64 mask) { if (use_xsave()) { copy_kernel_to_xregs(&fpstate->xsave, mask); } else { if (use_fxsr()) copy_kernel_to_fxregs(&fpstate->fxsave); else copy_kernel_to_fregs(&fpstate->fsave); } } static inline void copy_kernel_to_fpregs(union fpregs_state *fpstate) { /* * AMD K7/K8 CPUs don't save/restore FDP/FIP/FOP unless an exception is * pending. Clear the x87 state here by setting it to fixed values. * "m" is a random variable that should be in L1. */ if (unlikely(static_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_FXSAVE_LEAK))) { asm volatile( "fnclex\n\t" "emms\n\t" "fildl %P[addr]" /* set F?P to defined value */ : : [addr] "m" (fpstate)); } __copy_kernel_to_fpregs(fpstate, -1); } extern int copy_fpstate_to_sigframe(void __user *buf, void __user *fp, int size); /* * FPU context switch related helper methods: */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct fpu *, fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx); /* * The in-register FPU state for an FPU context on a CPU is assumed to be * valid if the fpu->last_cpu matches the CPU, and the fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx * matches the FPU. * * If the FPU register state is valid, the kernel can skip restoring the * FPU state from memory. * * Any code that clobbers the FPU registers or updates the in-memory * FPU state for a task MUST let the rest of the kernel know that the * FPU registers are no longer valid for this task. * * Either one of these invalidation functions is enough. Invalidate * a resource you control: CPU if using the CPU for something else * (with preemption disabled), FPU for the current task, or a task that * is prevented from running by the current task. */ static inline void __cpu_invalidate_fpregs_state(void) { __this_cpu_write(fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx, NULL); } static inline void __fpu_invalidate_fpregs_state(struct fpu *fpu) { fpu->last_cpu = -1; } static inline int fpregs_state_valid(struct fpu *fpu, unsigned int cpu) { return fpu == this_cpu_read(fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx) && cpu == fpu->last_cpu; } /* * These generally need preemption protection to work, * do try to avoid using these on their own: */ static inline void fpregs_deactivate(struct fpu *fpu) { this_cpu_write(fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx, NULL); trace_x86_fpu_regs_deactivated(fpu); } static inline void fpregs_activate(struct fpu *fpu) { this_cpu_write(fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx, fpu); trace_x86_fpu_regs_activated(fpu); } /* * Internal helper, do not use directly. Use switch_fpu_return() instead. */ static inline void __fpregs_load_activate(void) { struct fpu *fpu = &current->thread.fpu; int cpu = smp_processor_id(); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) return; if (!fpregs_state_valid(fpu, cpu)) { copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&fpu->state); fpregs_activate(fpu); fpu->last_cpu = cpu; } clear_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); } /* * FPU state switching for scheduling. * * This is a two-stage process: * * - switch_fpu_prepare() saves the old state. * This is done within the context of the old process. * * - switch_fpu_finish() sets TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD; the floating point state * will get loaded on return to userspace, or when the kernel needs it. * * If TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD is cleared then the CPU's FPU registers * are saved in the current thread's FPU register state. * * If TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD is set then CPU's FPU registers may not * hold current()'s FPU registers. It is required to load the * registers before returning to userland or using the content * otherwise. * * The FPU context is only stored/restored for a user task and * PF_KTHREAD is used to distinguish between kernel and user threads. */ static inline void switch_fpu_prepare(struct fpu *old_fpu, int cpu) { if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU) && !(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) { if (!copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(old_fpu)) old_fpu->last_cpu = -1; else old_fpu->last_cpu = cpu; /* But leave fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx! */ trace_x86_fpu_regs_deactivated(old_fpu); } } /* * Misc helper functions: */ /* * Load PKRU from the FPU context if available. Delay loading of the * complete FPU state until the return to userland. */ static inline void switch_fpu_finish(struct fpu *new_fpu) { u32 pkru_val = init_pkru_value; struct pkru_state *pk; if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) return; set_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return; /* * PKRU state is switched eagerly because it needs to be valid before we * return to userland e.g. for a copy_to_user() operation. */ if (!(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) { /* * If the PKRU bit in xsave.header.xfeatures is not set, * then the PKRU component was in init state, which means * XRSTOR will set PKRU to 0. If the bit is not set then * get_xsave_addr() will return NULL because the PKRU value * in memory is not valid. This means pkru_val has to be * set to 0 and not to init_pkru_value. */ pk = get_xsave_addr(&new_fpu->state.xsave, XFEATURE_PKRU); pkru_val = pk ? pk->pkru : 0; } __write_pkru(pkru_val); } #endif /* _ASM_X86_FPU_INTERNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Copyright (C) 2001 Momchil Velikov * Portions Copyright (C) 2001 Christoph Hellwig * Copyright (C) 2006 Nick Piggin * Copyright (C) 2012 Konstantin Khlebnikov */ #ifndef _LINUX_RADIX_TREE_H #define _LINUX_RADIX_TREE_H #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <linux/local_lock.h> /* Keep unconverted code working */ #define radix_tree_root xarray #define radix_tree_node xa_node struct radix_tree_preload { local_lock_t lock; unsigned nr; /* nodes->parent points to next preallocated node */ struct radix_tree_node *nodes; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct radix_tree_preload, radix_tree_preloads); /* * The bottom two bits of the slot determine how the remaining bits in the * slot are interpreted: * * 00 - data pointer * 10 - internal entry * x1 - value entry * * The internal entry may be a pointer to the next level in the tree, a * sibling entry, or an indicator that the entry in this slot has been moved * to another location in the tree and the lookup should be restarted. While * NULL fits the 'data pointer' pattern, it means that there is no entry in * the tree for this index (no matter what level of the tree it is found at). * This means that storing a NULL entry in the tree is the same as deleting * the entry from the tree. */ #define RADIX_TREE_ENTRY_MASK 3UL #define RADIX_TREE_INTERNAL_NODE 2UL static inline bool radix_tree_is_internal_node(void *ptr) { return ((unsigned long)ptr & RADIX_TREE_ENTRY_MASK) == RADIX_TREE_INTERNAL_NODE; } /*** radix-tree API starts here ***/ #define RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT XA_CHUNK_SHIFT #define RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE (1UL << RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT) #define RADIX_TREE_MAP_MASK (RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE-1) #define RADIX_TREE_MAX_TAGS XA_MAX_MARKS #define RADIX_TREE_TAG_LONGS XA_MARK_LONGS #define RADIX_TREE_INDEX_BITS (8 /* CHAR_BIT */ * sizeof(unsigned long)) #define RADIX_TREE_MAX_PATH (DIV_ROUND_UP(RADIX_TREE_INDEX_BITS, \ RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT)) /* The IDR tag is stored in the low bits of xa_flags */ #define ROOT_IS_IDR ((__force gfp_t)4) /* The top bits of xa_flags are used to store the root tags */ #define ROOT_TAG_SHIFT (__GFP_BITS_SHIFT) #define RADIX_TREE_INIT(name, mask) XARRAY_INIT(name, mask) #define RADIX_TREE(name, mask) \ struct radix_tree_root name = RADIX_TREE_INIT(name, mask) #define INIT_RADIX_TREE(root, mask) xa_init_flags(root, mask) static inline bool radix_tree_empty(const struct radix_tree_root *root) { return root->xa_head == NULL; } /** * struct radix_tree_iter - radix tree iterator state * * @index: index of current slot * @next_index: one beyond the last index for this chunk * @tags: bit-mask for tag-iterating * @node: node that contains current slot * * This radix tree iterator works in terms of "chunks" of slots. A chunk is a * subinterval of slots contained within one radix tree leaf node. It is * described by a pointer to its first slot and a struct radix_tree_iter * which holds the chunk's position in the tree and its size. For tagged * iteration radix_tree_iter also holds the slots' bit-mask for one chosen * radix tree tag. */ struct radix_tree_iter { unsigned long index; unsigned long next_index; unsigned long tags; struct radix_tree_node *node; }; /** * Radix-tree synchronization * * The radix-tree API requires that users provide all synchronisation (with * specific exceptions, noted below). * * Synchronization of access to the data items being stored in the tree, and * management of their lifetimes must be completely managed by API users. * * For API usage, in general, * - any function _modifying_ the tree or tags (inserting or deleting * items, setting or clearing tags) must exclude other modifications, and * exclude any functions reading the tree. * - any function _reading_ the tree or tags (looking up items or tags, * gang lookups) must exclude modifications to the tree, but may occur * concurrently with other readers. * * The notable exceptions to this rule are the following functions: * __radix_tree_lookup * radix_tree_lookup * radix_tree_lookup_slot * radix_tree_tag_get * radix_tree_gang_lookup * radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag * radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag_slot * radix_tree_tagged * * The first 7 functions are able to be called locklessly, using RCU. The * caller must ensure calls to these functions are made within rcu_read_lock() * regions. Other readers (lock-free or otherwise) and modifications may be * running concurrently. * * It is still required that the caller manage the synchronization and lifetimes * of the items. So if RCU lock-free lookups are used, typically this would mean * that the items have their own locks, or are amenable to lock-free access; and * that the items are freed by RCU (or only freed after having been deleted from * the radix tree *and* a synchronize_rcu() grace period). * * (Note, rcu_assign_pointer and rcu_dereference are not needed to control * access to data items when inserting into or looking up from the radix tree) * * Note that the value returned by radix_tree_tag_get() may not be relied upon * if only the RCU read lock is held. Functions to set/clear tags and to * delete nodes running concurrently with it may affect its result such that * two consecutive reads in the same locked section may return different * values. If reliability is required, modification functions must also be * excluded from concurrency. * * radix_tree_tagged is able to be called without locking or RCU. */ /** * radix_tree_deref_slot - dereference a slot * @slot: slot pointer, returned by radix_tree_lookup_slot * * For use with radix_tree_lookup_slot(). Caller must hold tree at least read * locked across slot lookup and dereference. Not required if write lock is * held (ie. items cannot be concurrently inserted). * * radix_tree_deref_retry must be used to confirm validity of the pointer if * only the read lock is held. * * Return: entry stored in that slot. */ static inline void *radix_tree_deref_slot(void __rcu **slot) { return rcu_dereference(*slot); } /** * radix_tree_deref_slot_protected - dereference a slot with tree lock held * @slot: slot pointer, returned by radix_tree_lookup_slot * * Similar to radix_tree_deref_slot. The caller does not hold the RCU read * lock but it must hold the tree lock to prevent parallel updates. * * Return: entry stored in that slot. */ static inline void *radix_tree_deref_slot_protected(void __rcu **slot, spinlock_t *treelock) { return rcu_dereference_protected(*slot, lockdep_is_held(treelock)); } /** * radix_tree_deref_retry - check radix_tree_deref_slot * @arg: pointer returned by radix_tree_deref_slot * Returns: 0 if retry is not required, otherwise retry is required * * radix_tree_deref_retry must be used with radix_tree_deref_slot. */ static inline int radix_tree_deref_retry(void *arg) { return unlikely(radix_tree_is_internal_node(arg)); } /** * radix_tree_exception - radix_tree_deref_slot returned either exception? * @arg: value returned by radix_tree_deref_slot * Returns: 0 if well-aligned pointer, non-0 if either kind of exception. */ static inline int radix_tree_exception(void *arg) { return unlikely((unsigned long)arg & RADIX_TREE_ENTRY_MASK); } int radix_tree_insert(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, void *); void *__radix_tree_lookup(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, struct radix_tree_node **nodep, void __rcu ***slotp); void *radix_tree_lookup(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long); void __rcu **radix_tree_lookup_slot(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index); void __radix_tree_replace(struct radix_tree_root *, struct radix_tree_node *, void __rcu **slot, void *entry); void radix_tree_iter_replace(struct radix_tree_root *, const struct radix_tree_iter *, void __rcu **slot, void *entry); void radix_tree_replace_slot(struct radix_tree_root *, void __rcu **slot, void *entry); void radix_tree_iter_delete(struct radix_tree_root *, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, void __rcu **slot); void *radix_tree_delete_item(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long, void *); void *radix_tree_delete(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long); unsigned int radix_tree_gang_lookup(const struct radix_tree_root *, void **results, unsigned long first_index, unsigned int max_items); int radix_tree_preload(gfp_t gfp_mask); int radix_tree_maybe_preload(gfp_t gfp_mask); void radix_tree_init(void); void *radix_tree_tag_set(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, unsigned int tag); void *radix_tree_tag_clear(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, unsigned int tag); int radix_tree_tag_get(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long index, unsigned int tag); void radix_tree_iter_tag_clear(struct radix_tree_root *, const struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned int tag); unsigned int radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag(const struct radix_tree_root *, void **results, unsigned long first_index, unsigned int max_items, unsigned int tag); unsigned int radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag_slot(const struct radix_tree_root *, void __rcu ***results, unsigned long first_index, unsigned int max_items, unsigned int tag); int radix_tree_tagged(const struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned int tag); static inline void radix_tree_preload_end(void) { local_unlock(&radix_tree_preloads.lock); } void __rcu **idr_get_free(struct radix_tree_root *root, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, gfp_t gfp, unsigned long max); enum { RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAG_MASK = 0x0f, /* tag index in lower nybble */ RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAGGED = 0x10, /* lookup tagged slots */ RADIX_TREE_ITER_CONTIG = 0x20, /* stop at first hole */ }; /** * radix_tree_iter_init - initialize radix tree iterator * * @iter: pointer to iterator state * @start: iteration starting index * Returns: NULL */ static __always_inline void __rcu ** radix_tree_iter_init(struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned long start) { /* * Leave iter->tags uninitialized. radix_tree_next_chunk() will fill it * in the case of a successful tagged chunk lookup. If the lookup was * unsuccessful or non-tagged then nobody cares about ->tags. * * Set index to zero to bypass next_index overflow protection. * See the comment in radix_tree_next_chunk() for details. */ iter->index = 0; iter->next_index = start; return NULL; } /** * radix_tree_next_chunk - find next chunk of slots for iteration * * @root: radix tree root * @iter: iterator state * @flags: RADIX_TREE_ITER_* flags and tag index * Returns: pointer to chunk first slot, or NULL if there no more left * * This function looks up the next chunk in the radix tree starting from * @iter->next_index. It returns a pointer to the chunk's first slot. * Also it fills @iter with data about chunk: position in the tree (index), * its end (next_index), and constructs a bit mask for tagged iterating (tags). */ void __rcu **radix_tree_next_chunk(const struct radix_tree_root *, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned flags); /** * radix_tree_iter_lookup - look up an index in the radix tree * @root: radix tree root * @iter: iterator state * @index: key to look up * * If @index is present in the radix tree, this function returns the slot * containing it and updates @iter to describe the entry. If @index is not * present, it returns NULL. */ static inline void __rcu ** radix_tree_iter_lookup(const struct radix_tree_root *root, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned long index) { radix_tree_iter_init(iter, index); return radix_tree_next_chunk(root, iter, RADIX_TREE_ITER_CONTIG); } /** * radix_tree_iter_retry - retry this chunk of the iteration * @iter: iterator state * * If we iterate over a tree protected only by the RCU lock, a race * against deletion or creation may result in seeing a slot for which * radix_tree_deref_retry() returns true. If so, call this function * and continue the iteration. */ static inline __must_check void __rcu **radix_tree_iter_retry(struct radix_tree_iter *iter) { iter->next_index = iter->index; iter->tags = 0; return NULL; } static inline unsigned long __radix_tree_iter_add(struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned long slots) { return iter->index + slots; } /** * radix_tree_iter_resume - resume iterating when the chunk may be invalid * @slot: pointer to current slot * @iter: iterator state * Returns: New slot pointer * * If the iterator needs to release then reacquire a lock, the chunk may * have been invalidated by an insertion or deletion. Call this function * before releasing the lock to continue the iteration from the next index. */ void __rcu **__must_check radix_tree_iter_resume(void __rcu **slot, struct radix_tree_iter *iter); /** * radix_tree_chunk_size - get current chunk size * * @iter: pointer to radix tree iterator * Returns: current chunk size */ static __always_inline long radix_tree_chunk_size(struct radix_tree_iter *iter) { return iter->next_index - iter->index; } /** * radix_tree_next_slot - find next slot in chunk * * @slot: pointer to current slot * @iter: pointer to iterator state * @flags: RADIX_TREE_ITER_*, should be constant * Returns: pointer to next slot, or NULL if there no more left * * This function updates @iter->index in the case of a successful lookup. * For tagged lookup it also eats @iter->tags. * * There are several cases where 'slot' can be passed in as NULL to this * function. These cases result from the use of radix_tree_iter_resume() or * radix_tree_iter_retry(). In these cases we don't end up dereferencing * 'slot' because either: * a) we are doing tagged iteration and iter->tags has been set to 0, or * b) we are doing non-tagged iteration, and iter->index and iter->next_index * have been set up so that radix_tree_chunk_size() returns 1 or 0. */ static __always_inline void __rcu **radix_tree_next_slot(void __rcu **slot, struct radix_tree_iter *iter, unsigned flags) { if (flags & RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAGGED) { iter->tags >>= 1; if (unlikely(!iter->tags)) return NULL; if (likely(iter->tags & 1ul)) { iter->index = __radix_tree_iter_add(iter, 1); slot++; goto found; } if (!(flags & RADIX_TREE_ITER_CONTIG)) { unsigned offset = __ffs(iter->tags); iter->tags >>= offset++; iter->index = __radix_tree_iter_add(iter, offset); slot += offset; goto found; } } else { long count = radix_tree_chunk_size(iter); while (--count > 0) { slot++; iter->index = __radix_tree_iter_add(iter, 1); if (likely(*slot)) goto found; if (flags & RADIX_TREE_ITER_CONTIG) { /* forbid switching to the next chunk */ iter->next_index = 0; break; } } } return NULL; found: return slot; } /** * radix_tree_for_each_slot - iterate over non-empty slots * * @slot: the void** variable for pointer to slot * @root: the struct radix_tree_root pointer * @iter: the struct radix_tree_iter pointer * @start: iteration starting index * * @slot points to radix tree slot, @iter->index contains its index. */ #define radix_tree_for_each_slot(slot, root, iter, start) \ for (slot = radix_tree_iter_init(iter, start) ; \ slot || (slot = radix_tree_next_chunk(root, iter, 0)) ; \ slot = radix_tree_next_slot(slot, iter, 0)) /** * radix_tree_for_each_tagged - iterate over tagged slots * * @slot: the void** variable for pointer to slot * @root: the struct radix_tree_root pointer * @iter: the struct radix_tree_iter pointer * @start: iteration starting index * @tag: tag index * * @slot points to radix tree slot, @iter->index contains its index. */ #define radix_tree_for_each_tagged(slot, root, iter, start, tag) \ for (slot = radix_tree_iter_init(iter, start) ; \ slot || (slot = radix_tree_next_chunk(root, iter, \ RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAGGED | tag)) ; \ slot = radix_tree_next_slot(slot, iter, \ RADIX_TREE_ITER_TAGGED | tag)) #endif /* _LINUX_RADIX_TREE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM rtc #if !defined(_TRACE_RTC_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_RTC_H #include <linux/rtc.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(rtc_time_alarm_class, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(time64_t, secs) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->secs = secs; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("UTC (%lld) (%d)", __entry->secs, __entry->err ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_time_alarm_class, rtc_set_time, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_time_alarm_class, rtc_read_time, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_time_alarm_class, rtc_set_alarm, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_time_alarm_class, rtc_read_alarm, TP_PROTO(time64_t secs, int err), TP_ARGS(secs, err) ); TRACE_EVENT(rtc_irq_set_freq, TP_PROTO(int freq, int err), TP_ARGS(freq, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, freq) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->freq = freq; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("set RTC periodic IRQ frequency:%u (%d)", __entry->freq, __entry->err ) ); TRACE_EVENT(rtc_irq_set_state, TP_PROTO(int enabled, int err), TP_ARGS(enabled, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, enabled) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->enabled = enabled; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("%s RTC 2^N Hz periodic IRQs (%d)", __entry->enabled ? "enable" : "disable", __entry->err ) ); TRACE_EVENT(rtc_alarm_irq_enable, TP_PROTO(unsigned int enabled, int err), TP_ARGS(enabled, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned int, enabled) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->enabled = enabled; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("%s RTC alarm IRQ (%d)", __entry->enabled ? "enable" : "disable", __entry->err ) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(rtc_offset_class, TP_PROTO(long offset, int err), TP_ARGS(offset, err), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(long, offset) __field(int, err) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->offset = offset; __entry->err = err; ), TP_printk("RTC offset: %ld (%d)", __entry->offset, __entry->err ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_offset_class, rtc_set_offset, TP_PROTO(long offset, int err), TP_ARGS(offset, err) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_offset_class, rtc_read_offset, TP_PROTO(long offset, int err), TP_ARGS(offset, err) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(rtc_timer_class, TP_PROTO(struct rtc_timer *timer), TP_ARGS(timer), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct rtc_timer *, timer) __field(ktime_t, expires) __field(ktime_t, period) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->timer = timer; __entry->expires = timer->node.expires; __entry->period = timer->period; ), TP_printk("RTC timer:(%p) expires:%lld period:%lld", __entry->timer, __entry->expires, __entry->period ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_timer_class, rtc_timer_enqueue, TP_PROTO(struct rtc_timer *timer), TP_ARGS(timer) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_timer_class, rtc_timer_dequeue, TP_PROTO(struct rtc_timer *timer), TP_ARGS(timer) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rtc_timer_class, rtc_timer_fired, TP_PROTO(struct rtc_timer *timer), TP_ARGS(timer) ); #endif /* _TRACE_RTC_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
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5221 5222 5223 5224 5225 5226 5227 5228 5229 5230 5231 5232 5233 5234 5235 5236 5237 5238 5239 5240 5241 5242 5243 5244 5245 5246 5247 5248 5249 5250 5251 5252 5253 5254 5255 5256 5257 5258 5259 5260 5261 5262 5263 5264 5265 5266 5267 5268 5269 5270 5271 5272 5273 5274 5275 5276 5277 5278 5279 5280 5281 5282 5283 5284 5285 5286 5287 5288 5289 5290 5291 5292 5293 5294 5295 5296 5297 5298 5299 5300 5301 5302 5303 5304 5305 5306 5307 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/mm/memory.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds */ /* * demand-loading started 01.12.91 - seems it is high on the list of * things wanted, and it should be easy to implement. - Linus */ /* * Ok, demand-loading was easy, shared pages a little bit tricker. Shared * pages started 02.12.91, seems to work. - Linus. * * Tested sharing by executing about 30 /bin/sh: under the old kernel it * would have taken more than the 6M I have free, but it worked well as * far as I could see. * * Also corrected some "invalidate()"s - I wasn't doing enough of them. */ /* * Real VM (paging to/from disk) started 18.12.91. Much more work and * thought has to go into this. Oh, well.. * 19.12.91 - works, somewhat. Sometimes I get faults, don't know why. * Found it. Everything seems to work now. * 20.12.91 - Ok, making the swap-device changeable like the root. */ /* * 05.04.94 - Multi-page memory management added for v1.1. * Idea by Alex Bligh (alex@cconcepts.co.uk) * * 16.07.99 - Support of BIGMEM added by Gerhard Wichert, Siemens AG * (Gerhard.Wichert@pdb.siemens.de) * * Aug/Sep 2004 Changed to four level page tables (Andi Kleen) */ #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pfn_t.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/numa.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <trace/events/kmem.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/mmu_context.h> #include <asm/pgalloc.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <asm/tlb.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include "pgalloc-track.h" #include "internal.h" #if defined(LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS) && !defined(CONFIG_COMPILE_TEST) #warning Unfortunate NUMA and NUMA Balancing config, growing page-frame for last_cpupid. #endif #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* use the per-pgdat data instead for discontigmem - mbligh */ unsigned long max_mapnr; EXPORT_SYMBOL(max_mapnr); struct page *mem_map; EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_map); #endif /* * A number of key systems in x86 including ioremap() rely on the assumption * that high_memory defines the upper bound on direct map memory, then end * of ZONE_NORMAL. Under CONFIG_DISCONTIG this means that max_low_pfn and * highstart_pfn must be the same; there must be no gap between ZONE_NORMAL * and ZONE_HIGHMEM. */ void *high_memory; EXPORT_SYMBOL(high_memory); /* * Randomize the address space (stacks, mmaps, brk, etc.). * * ( When CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK=y we exclude brk from randomization, * as ancient (libc5 based) binaries can segfault. ) */ int randomize_va_space __read_mostly = #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK 1; #else 2; #endif #ifndef arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { /* * Those arches which don't have hw access flag feature need to * implement their own helper. By default, "true" means pagefault * will be hit on old pte. */ return true; } #endif static int __init disable_randmaps(char *s) { randomize_va_space = 0; return 1; } __setup("norandmaps", disable_randmaps); unsigned long zero_pfn __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_pfn); unsigned long highest_memmap_pfn __read_mostly; /* * CONFIG_MMU architectures set up ZERO_PAGE in their paging_init() */ static int __init init_zero_pfn(void) { zero_pfn = page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(0)); return 0; } early_initcall(init_zero_pfn); void mm_trace_rss_stat(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count) { trace_rss_stat(mm, member, count); } #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING) void sync_mm_rss(struct mm_struct *mm) { int i; for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) { if (current->rss_stat.count[i]) { add_mm_counter(mm, i, current->rss_stat.count[i]); current->rss_stat.count[i] = 0; } } current->rss_stat.events = 0; } static void add_mm_counter_fast(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, int val) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(task->mm == mm)) task->rss_stat.count[member] += val; else add_mm_counter(mm, member, val); } #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, 1) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) add_mm_counter_fast(mm, member, -1) /* sync counter once per 64 page faults */ #define TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH (64) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task != current)) return; if (unlikely(task->rss_stat.events++ > TASK_RSS_EVENTS_THRESH)) sync_mm_rss(task->mm); } #else /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ #define inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) inc_mm_counter(mm, member) #define dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, member) dec_mm_counter(mm, member) static void check_sync_rss_stat(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif /* SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING */ /* * Note: this doesn't free the actual pages themselves. That * has been handled earlier when unmapping all the memory regions. */ static void free_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { pgtable_t token = pmd_pgtable(*pmd); pmd_clear(pmd); pte_free_tlb(tlb, token, addr); mm_dec_nr_ptes(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) continue; free_pte_range(tlb, pmd, addr); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PUD_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PUD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, start); pud_clear(pud); pmd_free_tlb(tlb, pmd, start); mm_dec_nr_pmds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; free_pmd_range(tlb, pud, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= P4D_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= P4D_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; pud = pud_offset(p4d, start); p4d_clear(p4d); pud_free_tlb(tlb, pud, start); mm_dec_nr_puds(tlb->mm); } static inline void free_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; unsigned long start; start = addr; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; free_pud_range(tlb, p4d, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); start &= PGDIR_MASK; if (start < floor) return; if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PGDIR_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) return; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, start); pgd_clear(pgd); p4d_free_tlb(tlb, p4d, start); } /* * This function frees user-level page tables of a process. */ void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; /* * The next few lines have given us lots of grief... * * Why are we testing PMD* at this top level? Because often * there will be no work to do at all, and we'd prefer not to * go all the way down to the bottom just to discover that. * * Why all these "- 1"s? Because 0 represents both the bottom * of the address space and the top of it (using -1 for the * top wouldn't help much: the masks would do the wrong thing). * The rule is that addr 0 and floor 0 refer to the bottom of * the address space, but end 0 and ceiling 0 refer to the top * Comparisons need to use "end - 1" and "ceiling - 1" (though * that end 0 case should be mythical). * * Wherever addr is brought up or ceiling brought down, we must * be careful to reject "the opposite 0" before it confuses the * subsequent tests. But what about where end is brought down * by PMD_SIZE below? no, end can't go down to 0 there. * * Whereas we round start (addr) and ceiling down, by different * masks at different levels, in order to test whether a table * now has no other vmas using it, so can be freed, we don't * bother to round floor or end up - the tests don't need that. */ addr &= PMD_MASK; if (addr < floor) { addr += PMD_SIZE; if (!addr) return; } if (ceiling) { ceiling &= PMD_MASK; if (!ceiling) return; } if (end - 1 > ceiling - 1) end -= PMD_SIZE; if (addr > end - 1) return; /* * We add page table cache pages with PAGE_SIZE, * (see pte_free_tlb()), flush the tlb if we need */ tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); pgd = pgd_offset(tlb->mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; free_p4d_range(tlb, pgd, addr, next, floor, ceiling); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); } void free_pgtables(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling) { while (vma) { struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next; unsigned long addr = vma->vm_start; /* * Hide vma from rmap and truncate_pagecache before freeing * pgtables */ unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma)) { hugetlb_free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } else { /* * Optimization: gather nearby vmas into one call down */ while (next && next->vm_start <= vma->vm_end + PMD_SIZE && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(next)) { vma = next; next = vma->vm_next; unlink_anon_vmas(vma); unlink_file_vma(vma); } free_pgd_range(tlb, addr, vma->vm_end, floor, next ? next->vm_start : ceiling); } vma = next; } } int __pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { spinlock_t *ptl; pgtable_t new = pte_alloc_one(mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; /* * Ensure all pte setup (eg. pte page lock and page clearing) are * visible before the pte is made visible to other CPUs by being * put into page tables. * * The other side of the story is the pointer chasing in the page * table walking code (when walking the page table without locking; * ie. most of the time). Fortunately, these data accesses consist * of a chain of data-dependent loads, meaning most CPUs (alpha * being the notable exception) will already guarantee loads are * seen in-order. See the alpha page table accessors for the * smp_rmb() barriers in page table walking code. */ smp_wmb(); /* Could be smp_wmb__xxx(before|after)_spin_lock */ ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(mm); pmd_populate(mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(ptl); if (new) pte_free(mm, new); return 0; } int __pte_alloc_kernel(pmd_t *pmd) { pte_t *new = pte_alloc_one_kernel(&init_mm); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (likely(pmd_none(*pmd))) { /* Has another populated it ? */ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, new); new = NULL; } spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock); if (new) pte_free_kernel(&init_mm, new); return 0; } static inline void init_rss_vec(int *rss) { memset(rss, 0, sizeof(int) * NR_MM_COUNTERS); } static inline void add_mm_rss_vec(struct mm_struct *mm, int *rss) { int i; if (current->mm == mm) sync_mm_rss(mm); for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) if (rss[i]) add_mm_counter(mm, i, rss[i]); } /* * This function is called to print an error when a bad pte * is found. For example, we might have a PFN-mapped pte in * a region that doesn't allow it. * * The calling function must still handle the error. */ static void print_bad_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); struct address_space *mapping; pgoff_t index; static unsigned long resume; static unsigned long nr_shown; static unsigned long nr_unshown; /* * Allow a burst of 60 reports, then keep quiet for that minute; * or allow a steady drip of one report per second. */ if (nr_shown == 60) { if (time_before(jiffies, resume)) { nr_unshown++; return; } if (nr_unshown) { pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map: %lu messages suppressed\n", nr_unshown); nr_unshown = 0; } nr_shown = 0; } if (nr_shown++ == 0) resume = jiffies + 60 * HZ; mapping = vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_mapping : NULL; index = linear_page_index(vma, addr); pr_alert("BUG: Bad page map in process %s pte:%08llx pmd:%08llx\n", current->comm, (long long)pte_val(pte), (long long)pmd_val(*pmd)); if (page) dump_page(page, "bad pte"); pr_alert("addr:%px vm_flags:%08lx anon_vma:%px mapping:%px index:%lx\n", (void *)addr, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, mapping, index); pr_alert("file:%pD fault:%ps mmap:%ps readpage:%ps\n", vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->fault : NULL, vma->vm_file ? vma->vm_file->f_op->mmap : NULL, mapping ? mapping->a_ops->readpage : NULL); dump_stack(); add_taint(TAINT_BAD_PAGE, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE); } /* * vm_normal_page -- This function gets the "struct page" associated with a pte. * * "Special" mappings do not wish to be associated with a "struct page" (either * it doesn't exist, or it exists but they don't want to touch it). In this * case, NULL is returned here. "Normal" mappings do have a struct page. * * There are 2 broad cases. Firstly, an architecture may define a pte_special() * pte bit, in which case this function is trivial. Secondly, an architecture * may not have a spare pte bit, which requires a more complicated scheme, * described below. * * A raw VM_PFNMAP mapping (ie. one that is not COWed) is always considered a * special mapping (even if there are underlying and valid "struct pages"). * COWed pages of a VM_PFNMAP are always normal. * * The way we recognize COWed pages within VM_PFNMAP mappings is through the * rules set up by "remap_pfn_range()": the vma will have the VM_PFNMAP bit * set, and the vm_pgoff will point to the first PFN mapped: thus every special * mapping will always honor the rule * * pfn_of_page == vma->vm_pgoff + ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) * * And for normal mappings this is false. * * This restricts such mappings to be a linear translation from virtual address * to pfn. To get around this restriction, we allow arbitrary mappings so long * as the vma is not a COW mapping; in that case, we know that all ptes are * special (because none can have been COWed). * * * In order to support COW of arbitrary special mappings, we have VM_MIXEDMAP. * * VM_MIXEDMAP mappings can likewise contain memory with or without "struct * page" backing, however the difference is that _all_ pages with a struct * page (that is, those where pfn_valid is true) are refcounted and considered * normal pages by the VM. The disadvantage is that pages are refcounted * (which can be slower and simply not an option for some PFNMAP users). The * advantage is that we don't have to follow the strict linearity rule of * PFNMAP mappings in order to support COWable mappings. * */ struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte) { unsigned long pfn = pte_pfn(pte); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL)) { if (likely(!pte_special(pte))) goto check_pfn; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->find_special_page) return vma->vm_ops->find_special_page(vma, addr); if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) return NULL; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; if (pte_devmap(pte)) return NULL; print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case follows: */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (is_zero_pfn(pfn)) return NULL; check_pfn: if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) { print_bad_pte(vma, addr, pte, NULL); return NULL; } /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd) { unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd); /* * There is no pmd_special() but there may be special pmds, e.g. * in a direct-access (dax) mapping, so let's just replicate the * !CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL case from vm_normal_page() here. */ if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; goto out; } else { unsigned long off; off = (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn == vma->vm_pgoff + off) return NULL; if (!is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) return NULL; } } if (pmd_devmap(pmd)) return NULL; if (is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd)) return NULL; if (unlikely(pfn > highest_memmap_pfn)) return NULL; /* * NOTE! We still have PageReserved() pages in the page tables. * eg. VDSO mappings can cause them to exist. */ out: return pfn_to_page(pfn); } #endif /* * copy one vm_area from one task to the other. Assumes the page tables * already present in the new task to be cleared in the whole range * covered by this vma. */ static unsigned long copy_nonpresent_pte(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, unsigned long addr, int *rss) { unsigned long vm_flags = dst_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; swp_entry_t entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte); if (likely(!non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (swap_duplicate(entry) < 0) return entry.val; /* make sure dst_mm is on swapoff's mmlist. */ if (unlikely(list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist))) { spin_lock(&mmlist_lock); if (list_empty(&dst_mm->mmlist)) list_add(&dst_mm->mmlist, &src_mm->mmlist); spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock); } rss[MM_SWAPENTS]++; } else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; if (is_write_migration_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { /* * COW mappings require pages in both * parent and child to be set to read. */ make_migration_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); /* * Update rss count even for unaddressable pages, as * they should treated just like normal pages in this * respect. * * We will likely want to have some new rss counters * for unaddressable pages, at some point. But for now * keep things as they are. */ get_page(page); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; page_dup_rmap(page, false); /* * We do not preserve soft-dirty information, because so * far, checkpoint/restore is the only feature that * requires that. And checkpoint/restore does not work * when a device driver is involved (you cannot easily * save and restore device driver state). */ if (is_write_device_private_entry(entry) && is_cow_mapping(vm_flags)) { make_device_private_entry_read(&entry); pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(*src_pte)) pte = pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(src_mm, addr, src_pte, pte); } } if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy a present and normal page if necessary. * * NOTE! The usual case is that this doesn't need to do * anything, and can just return a positive value. That * will let the caller know that it can just increase * the page refcount and re-use the pte the traditional * way. * * But _if_ we need to copy it because it needs to be * pinned in the parent (and the child should get its own * copy rather than just a reference to the same page), * we'll do that here and return zero to let the caller * know we're done. * * And if we need a pre-allocated page but don't yet have * one, return a negative error to let the preallocation * code know so that it can do so outside the page table * lock. */ static inline int copy_present_page(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc, pte_t pte, struct page *page) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct page *new_page; if (!is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags)) return 1; /* * What we want to do is to check whether this page may * have been pinned by the parent process. If so, * instead of wrprotect the pte on both sides, we copy * the page immediately so that we'll always guarantee * the pinned page won't be randomly replaced in the * future. * * The page pinning checks are just "has this mm ever * seen pinning", along with the (inexact) check of * the page count. That might give false positives for * for pinning, but it will work correctly. */ if (likely(!atomic_read(&src_mm->has_pinned))) return 1; if (likely(!page_maybe_dma_pinned(page))) return 1; new_page = *prealloc; if (!new_page) return -EAGAIN; /* * We have a prealloc page, all good! Take it * over and copy the page & arm it. */ *prealloc = NULL; copy_user_highpage(new_page, page, addr, src_vma); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, dst_vma, addr, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, dst_vma); rss[mm_counter(new_page)]++; /* All done, just insert the new page copy in the child */ pte = mk_pte(new_page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot); pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), dst_vma); if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(dst_vma, *src_pte)) /* Uffd-wp needs to be delivered to dest pte as well */ pte = pte_wrprotect(pte_mkuffd_wp(pte)); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } /* * Copy one pte. Returns 0 if succeeded, or -EAGAIN if one preallocated page * is required to copy this pte. */ static inline int copy_present_pte(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pte_t *dst_pte, pte_t *src_pte, unsigned long addr, int *rss, struct page **prealloc) { struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; unsigned long vm_flags = src_vma->vm_flags; pte_t pte = *src_pte; struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(src_vma, addr, pte); if (page) { int retval; retval = copy_present_page(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, prealloc, pte, page); if (retval <= 0) return retval; get_page(page); page_dup_rmap(page, false); rss[mm_counter(page)]++; } /* * If it's a COW mapping, write protect it both * in the parent and the child */ if (is_cow_mapping(vm_flags) && pte_write(pte)) { ptep_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } /* * If it's a shared mapping, mark it clean in * the child */ if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) pte = pte_mkclean(pte); pte = pte_mkold(pte); if (!userfaultfd_wp(dst_vma)) pte = pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte); set_pte_at(dst_vma->vm_mm, addr, dst_pte, pte); return 0; } static inline struct page * page_copy_prealloc(struct mm_struct *src_mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct page *new_page; new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, addr); if (!new_page) return NULL; if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, src_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(new_page); return NULL; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); return new_page; } static int copy_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pte_t *orig_src_pte, *orig_dst_pte; pte_t *src_pte, *dst_pte; spinlock_t *src_ptl, *dst_ptl; int progress, ret = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; swp_entry_t entry = (swp_entry_t){0}; struct page *prealloc = NULL; again: progress = 0; init_rss_vec(rss); dst_pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, addr, &dst_ptl); if (!dst_pte) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } src_pte = pte_offset_map(src_pmd, addr); src_ptl = pte_lockptr(src_mm, src_pmd); spin_lock_nested(src_ptl, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); orig_src_pte = src_pte; orig_dst_pte = dst_pte; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { /* * We are holding two locks at this point - either of them * could generate latencies in another task on another CPU. */ if (progress >= 32) { progress = 0; if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(src_ptl) || spin_needbreak(dst_ptl)) break; } if (pte_none(*src_pte)) { progress++; continue; } if (unlikely(!pte_present(*src_pte))) { entry.val = copy_nonpresent_pte(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pte, src_pte, dst_vma, src_vma, addr, rss); if (entry.val) break; progress += 8; continue; } /* copy_present_pte() will clear `*prealloc' if consumed */ ret = copy_present_pte(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pte, src_pte, addr, rss, &prealloc); /* * If we need a pre-allocated page for this pte, drop the * locks, allocate, and try again. */ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN)) break; if (unlikely(prealloc)) { /* * pre-alloc page cannot be reused by next time so as * to strictly follow mempolicy (e.g., alloc_page_vma() * will allocate page according to address). This * could only happen if one pinned pte changed. */ put_page(prealloc); prealloc = NULL; } progress += 8; } while (dst_pte++, src_pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); spin_unlock(src_ptl); pte_unmap(orig_src_pte); add_mm_rss_vec(dst_mm, rss); pte_unmap_unlock(orig_dst_pte, dst_ptl); cond_resched(); if (entry.val) { if (add_swap_count_continuation(entry, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } entry.val = 0; } else if (ret) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -EAGAIN); prealloc = page_copy_prealloc(src_mm, src_vma, addr); if (!prealloc) return -ENOMEM; /* We've captured and resolved the error. Reset, try again. */ ret = 0; } if (addr != end) goto again; out: if (unlikely(prealloc)) put_page(prealloc); return ret; } static inline int copy_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pmd_t *src_pmd, *dst_pmd; unsigned long next; dst_pmd = pmd_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pud, addr); if (!dst_pmd) return -ENOMEM; src_pmd = pmd_offset(src_pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*src_pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*src_pmd) || pmd_devmap(*src_pmd)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pmd(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, dst_vma, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pmd)) continue; if (copy_pte_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pmd, src_pmd, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pmd++, src_pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, p4d_t *dst_p4d, p4d_t *src_p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; pud_t *src_pud, *dst_pud; unsigned long next; dst_pud = pud_alloc(dst_mm, dst_p4d, addr); if (!dst_pud) return -ENOMEM; src_pud = pud_offset(src_p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*src_pud) || pud_devmap(*src_pud)) { int err; VM_BUG_ON_VMA(next-addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE, src_vma); err = copy_huge_pud(dst_mm, src_mm, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, src_vma); if (err == -ENOMEM) return -ENOMEM; if (!err) continue; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(src_pud)) continue; if (copy_pmd_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pud, src_pud, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_pud++, src_pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int copy_p4d_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma, pgd_t *dst_pgd, pgd_t *src_pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; p4d_t *src_p4d, *dst_p4d; unsigned long next; dst_p4d = p4d_alloc(dst_mm, dst_pgd, addr); if (!dst_p4d) return -ENOMEM; src_p4d = p4d_offset(src_pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(src_p4d)) continue; if (copy_pud_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_p4d, src_p4d, addr, next)) return -ENOMEM; } while (dst_p4d++, src_p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma) { pgd_t *src_pgd, *dst_pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long addr = src_vma->vm_start; unsigned long end = src_vma->vm_end; struct mm_struct *dst_mm = dst_vma->vm_mm; struct mm_struct *src_mm = src_vma->vm_mm; struct mmu_notifier_range range; bool is_cow; int ret; /* * Don't copy ptes where a page fault will fill them correctly. * Fork becomes much lighter when there are big shared or private * readonly mappings. The tradeoff is that copy_page_range is more * efficient than faulting. */ if (!(src_vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP)) && !src_vma->anon_vma) return 0; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(src_vma)) return copy_hugetlb_page_range(dst_mm, src_mm, src_vma); if (unlikely(src_vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) { /* * We do not free on error cases below as remove_vma * gets called on error from higher level routine */ ret = track_pfn_copy(src_vma); if (ret) return ret; } /* * We need to invalidate the secondary MMU mappings only when * there could be a permission downgrade on the ptes of the * parent mm. And a permission downgrade will only happen if * is_cow_mapping() returns true. */ is_cow = is_cow_mapping(src_vma->vm_flags); if (is_cow) { mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_PROTECTION_PAGE, 0, src_vma, src_mm, addr, end); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Disabling preemption is not needed for the write side, as * the read side doesn't spin, but goes to the mmap_lock. * * Use the raw variant of the seqcount_t write API to avoid * lockdep complaining about preemptibility. */ mmap_assert_write_locked(src_mm); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); } ret = 0; dst_pgd = pgd_offset(dst_mm, addr); src_pgd = pgd_offset(src_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(src_pgd)) continue; if (unlikely(copy_p4d_range(dst_vma, src_vma, dst_pgd, src_pgd, addr, next))) { ret = -ENOMEM; break; } } while (dst_pgd++, src_pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (is_cow) { raw_write_seqcount_end(&src_mm->write_protect_seq); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } return ret; } static unsigned long zap_pte_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { struct mm_struct *mm = tlb->mm; int force_flush = 0; int rss[NR_MM_COUNTERS]; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *start_pte; pte_t *pte; swp_entry_t entry; tlb_change_page_size(tlb, PAGE_SIZE); again: init_rss_vec(rss); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); pte = start_pte; flush_tlb_batched_pending(mm); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { pte_t ptent = *pte; if (pte_none(ptent)) continue; if (need_resched()) break; if (pte_present(ptent)) { struct page *page; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, ptent); if (unlikely(details) && page) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping && details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } ptent = ptep_get_and_clear_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, pte, addr); if (unlikely(!page)) continue; if (!PageAnon(page)) { if (pte_dirty(ptent)) { force_flush = 1; set_page_dirty(page); } if (pte_young(ptent) && likely(!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SEQ_READ))) mark_page_accessed(page); } rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) < 0)) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, page); if (unlikely(__tlb_remove_page(tlb, page))) { force_flush = 1; addr += PAGE_SIZE; break; } continue; } entry = pte_to_swp_entry(ptent); if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { struct page *page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); if (unlikely(details && details->check_mapping)) { /* * unmap_shared_mapping_pages() wants to * invalidate cache without truncating: * unmap shared but keep private pages. */ if (details->check_mapping != page_rmapping(page)) continue; } pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; page_remove_rmap(page, false); put_page(page); continue; } /* If details->check_mapping, we leave swap entries. */ if (unlikely(details)) continue; if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) rss[MM_SWAPENTS]--; else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { struct page *page; page = migration_entry_to_page(entry); rss[mm_counter(page)]--; } if (unlikely(!free_swap_and_cache(entry))) print_bad_pte(vma, addr, ptent, NULL); pte_clear_not_present_full(mm, addr, pte, tlb->fullmm); } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); add_mm_rss_vec(mm, rss); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); /* Do the actual TLB flush before dropping ptl */ if (force_flush) tlb_flush_mmu_tlbonly(tlb); pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, ptl); /* * If we forced a TLB flush (either due to running out of * batch buffers or because we needed to flush dirty TLB * entries before releasing the ptl), free the batched * memory too. Restart if we didn't do everything. */ if (force_flush) { force_flush = 0; tlb_flush_mmu(tlb); } if (addr != end) { cond_resched(); goto again; } return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PMD_SIZE) __split_huge_pmd(vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } else if (details && details->single_page && PageTransCompound(details->single_page) && next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd); /* * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd, * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount(). */ spin_unlock(ptl); } /* * Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or * trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is * none or trans huge it can change under us. This is * because MADV_DONTNEED holds the mmap_lock in read * mode. */ if (pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd)) goto next; next = zap_pte_range(tlb, vma, pmd, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_pud_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) { if (next - addr != HPAGE_PUD_SIZE) { mmap_assert_locked(tlb->mm); split_huge_pud(vma, pud, addr); } else if (zap_huge_pud(tlb, vma, pud, addr)) goto next; /* fall through */ } if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) continue; next = zap_pmd_range(tlb, vma, pud, addr, next, details); next: cond_resched(); } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } static inline unsigned long zap_p4d_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) continue; next = zap_pud_range(tlb, vma, p4d, addr, next, details); } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return addr; } void unmap_page_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct zap_details *details) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; BUG_ON(addr >= end); tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma); pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; next = zap_p4d_range(tlb, vma, pgd, addr, next, details); } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma); } static void unmap_single_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { unsigned long start = max(vma->vm_start, start_addr); unsigned long end; if (start >= vma->vm_end) return; end = min(vma->vm_end, end_addr); if (end <= vma->vm_start) return; if (vma->vm_file) uprobe_munmap(vma, start, end); if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) untrack_pfn(vma, 0, 0); if (start != end) { if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) { /* * It is undesirable to test vma->vm_file as it * should be non-null for valid hugetlb area. * However, vm_file will be NULL in the error * cleanup path of mmap_region. When * hugetlbfs ->mmap method fails, * mmap_region() nullifies vma->vm_file * before calling this function to clean up. * Since no pte has actually been setup, it is * safe to do nothing in this case. */ if (vma->vm_file) { i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); __unmap_hugepage_range_final(tlb, vma, start, end, NULL); i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping); } } else unmap_page_range(tlb, vma, start, end, details); } } /** * unmap_vmas - unmap a range of memory covered by a list of vma's * @tlb: address of the caller's struct mmu_gather * @vma: the starting vma * @start_addr: virtual address at which to start unmapping * @end_addr: virtual address at which to end unmapping * * Unmap all pages in the vma list. * * Only addresses between `start' and `end' will be unmapped. * * The VMA list must be sorted in ascending virtual address order. * * unmap_vmas() assumes that the caller will flush the whole unmapped address * range after unmap_vmas() returns. So the only responsibility here is to * ensure that any thus-far unmapped pages are flushed before unmap_vmas() * drops the lock and schedules. */ void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_UNMAP, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start_addr, end_addr); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < end_addr; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(tlb, vma, start_addr, end_addr, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); } /** * zap_page_range - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @start: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * Caller must protect the VMA list */ void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long size) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, start, start + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, start, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); for ( ; vma && vma->vm_start < range.end; vma = vma->vm_next) unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, start, range.end, NULL); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, start, range.end); } /** * zap_page_range_single - remove user pages in a given range * @vma: vm_area_struct holding the applicable pages * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * @details: details of shared cache invalidation * * The range must fit into one VMA. */ static void zap_page_range_single(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size, struct zap_details *details) { struct mmu_notifier_range range; struct mmu_gather tlb; lru_add_drain(); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, vma->vm_mm, address, address + size); tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, vma->vm_mm, address, range.end); update_hiwater_rss(vma->vm_mm); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); unmap_single_vma(&tlb, vma, address, range.end, details); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range); tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb, address, range.end); } /** * zap_vma_ptes - remove ptes mapping the vma * @vma: vm_area_struct holding ptes to be zapped * @address: starting address of pages to zap * @size: number of bytes to zap * * This function only unmaps ptes assigned to VM_PFNMAP vmas. * * The entire address range must be fully contained within the vma. * */ void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size) { if (address < vma->vm_start || address + size > vma->vm_end || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)) return; zap_page_range_single(vma, address, size, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zap_vma_ptes); static pmd_t *walk_to_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return NULL; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return NULL; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); return pmd; } pte_t *__get_locked_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, spinlock_t **ptl) { pmd_t *pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) return NULL; return pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, ptl); } static int validate_page_before_insert(struct page *page) { if (PageAnon(page) || PageSlab(page) || page_has_type(page)) return -EINVAL; flush_dcache_page(page); return 0; } static int insert_page_into_pte_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { if (!pte_none(*pte)) return -EBUSY; /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ get_page(page); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, mk_pte(page, prot)); return 0; } /* * This is the old fallback for page remapping. * * For historical reasons, it only allows reserved pages. Only * old drivers should use this, and they needed to mark their * pages reserved for the old functions anyway. */ static int insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; int retval; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; retval = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (retval) goto out; retval = -ENOMEM; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) goto out; retval = insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); out: return retval; } #ifdef pte_index static int insert_page_in_batch_locked(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte, unsigned long addr, struct page *page, pgprot_t prot) { int err; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; err = validate_page_before_insert(page); if (err) return err; return insert_page_into_pte_locked(mm, pte, addr, page, prot); } /* insert_pages() amortizes the cost of spinlock operations * when inserting pages in a loop. Arch *must* define pte_index. */ static int insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd = NULL; pte_t *start_pte, *pte; spinlock_t *pte_lock; struct mm_struct *const mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long curr_page_idx = 0; unsigned long remaining_pages_total = *num; unsigned long pages_to_write_in_pmd; int ret; more: ret = -EFAULT; pmd = walk_to_pmd(mm, addr); if (!pmd) goto out; pages_to_write_in_pmd = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_pages_total, PTRS_PER_PTE - pte_index(addr)); /* Allocate the PTE if necessary; takes PMD lock once only. */ ret = -ENOMEM; if (pte_alloc(mm, pmd)) goto out; while (pages_to_write_in_pmd) { int pte_idx = 0; const int batch_size = min_t(int, pages_to_write_in_pmd, 8); start_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &pte_lock); for (pte = start_pte; pte_idx < batch_size; ++pte, ++pte_idx) { int err = insert_page_in_batch_locked(mm, pte, addr, pages[curr_page_idx], prot); if (unlikely(err)) { pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); ret = err; remaining_pages_total -= pte_idx; goto out; } addr += PAGE_SIZE; ++curr_page_idx; } pte_unmap_unlock(start_pte, pte_lock); pages_to_write_in_pmd -= batch_size; remaining_pages_total -= batch_size; } if (remaining_pages_total) goto more; ret = 0; out: *num = remaining_pages_total; return ret; } #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ /** * vm_insert_pages - insert multiple pages into user vma, batching the pmd lock. * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target start user address of these pages * @pages: source kernel pages * @num: in: number of pages to map. out: number of pages that were *not* * mapped. (0 means all pages were successfully mapped). * * Preferred over vm_insert_page() when inserting multiple pages. * * In case of error, we may have mapped a subset of the provided * pages. It is the caller's responsibility to account for this case. * * The same restrictions apply as in vm_insert_page(). */ int vm_insert_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page **pages, unsigned long *num) { #ifdef pte_index const unsigned long end_addr = addr + (*num * PAGE_SIZE) - 1; if (addr < vma->vm_start || end_addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } /* Defer page refcount checking till we're about to map that page. */ return insert_pages(vma, addr, pages, num, vma->vm_page_prot); #else unsigned long idx = 0, pgcount = *num; int err = -EINVAL; for (; idx < pgcount; ++idx) { err = vm_insert_page(vma, addr + (PAGE_SIZE * idx), pages[idx]); if (err) break; } *num = pgcount - idx; return err; #endif /* ifdef pte_index */ } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_pages); /** * vm_insert_page - insert single page into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @page: source kernel page * * This allows drivers to insert individual pages they've allocated * into a user vma. * * The page has to be a nice clean _individual_ kernel allocation. * If you allocate a compound page, you need to have marked it as * such (__GFP_COMP), or manually just split the page up yourself * (see split_page()). * * NOTE! Traditionally this was done with "remap_pfn_range()" which * took an arbitrary page protection parameter. This doesn't allow * that. Your vma protection will have to be set up correctly, which * means that if you want a shared writable mapping, you'd better * ask for a shared writable mapping! * * The page does not need to be reserved. * * Usually this function is called from f_op->mmap() handler * under mm->mmap_lock write-lock, so it can change vma->vm_flags. * Caller must set VM_MIXEDMAP on vma if it wants to call this * function from other places, for example from page-fault handler. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_insert_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, struct page *page) { if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return -EFAULT; if (!page_count(page)) return -EINVAL; if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) { BUG_ON(mmap_read_trylock(vma->vm_mm)); BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP); vma->vm_flags |= VM_MIXEDMAP; } return insert_page(vma, addr, page, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_insert_page); /* * __vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * @offset: user's requested vm_pgoff * * This allows drivers to map range of kernel pages into a user vma. * * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ static int __vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num, unsigned long offset) { unsigned long count = vma_pages(vma); unsigned long uaddr = vma->vm_start; int ret, i; /* Fail if the user requested offset is beyond the end of the object */ if (offset >= num) return -ENXIO; /* Fail if the user requested size exceeds available object size */ if (count > num - offset) return -ENXIO; for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { ret = vm_insert_page(vma, uaddr, pages[offset + i]); if (ret < 0) return ret; uaddr += PAGE_SIZE; } return 0; } /** * vm_map_pages - maps range of kernel pages starts with non zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Maps an object consisting of @num pages, catering for the user's * requested vm_pgoff * * If we fail to insert any page into the vma, the function will return * immediately leaving any previously inserted pages present. Callers * from the mmap handler may immediately return the error as their caller * will destroy the vma, removing any successfully inserted pages. Other * callers should make their own arrangements for calling unmap_region(). * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, vma->vm_pgoff); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages); /** * vm_map_pages_zero - map range of kernel pages starts with zero offset * @vma: user vma to map to * @pages: pointer to array of source kernel pages * @num: number of pages in page array * * Similar to vm_map_pages(), except that it explicitly sets the offset * to 0. This function is intended for the drivers that did not consider * vm_pgoff. * * Context: Process context. Called by mmap handlers. * Return: 0 on success and error code otherwise. */ int vm_map_pages_zero(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page **pages, unsigned long num) { return __vm_map_pages(vma, pages, num, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_map_pages_zero); static vm_fault_t insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t prot, bool mkwrite) { struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pte_t *pte, entry; spinlock_t *ptl; pte = get_locked_pte(mm, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (!pte_none(*pte)) { if (mkwrite) { /* * For read faults on private mappings the PFN passed * in may not match the PFN we have mapped if the * mapped PFN is a writeable COW page. In the mkwrite * case we are creating a writable PTE for a shared * mapping and we expect the PFNs to match. If they * don't match, we are likely racing with block * allocation and mapping invalidation so just skip the * update. */ if (pte_pfn(*pte) != pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(*pte))); goto out_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(*pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); } goto out_unlock; } /* Ok, finally just insert the thing.. */ if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) entry = pte_mkdevmap(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); else entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_t_pte(pfn, prot)); if (mkwrite) { entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, pte); /* XXX: why not for insert_page? */ out_unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_pfn_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_pfn(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * This only makes sense for IO mappings, and it makes no sense for * COW mappings. In general, using multiple vmas is preferable; * vmf_insert_pfn_prot should only be used if using multiple VMAs is * impractical. * * See vmf_insert_mixed_prot() for a discussion of the implication of using * a value of @pgprot different from that of @vma->vm_page_prot. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { /* * Technically, architectures with pte_special can avoid all these * restrictions (same for remap_pfn_range). However we would like * consistency in testing and feature parity among all, so we should * try to keep these invariants in place for everybody. */ BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)) == (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) && is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)); BUG_ON((vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) && pfn_valid(pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV)); return insert_pfn(vma, addr, __pfn_to_pfn_t(pfn, PFN_DEV), pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn_prot); /** * vmf_insert_pfn - insert single pfn into user vma * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * * Similar to vm_insert_page, this allows drivers to insert individual pages * they've allocated into a user vma. Same comments apply. * * This function should only be called from a vm_ops->fault handler, and * in that case the handler should return the result of this function. * * vma cannot be a COW mapping. * * As this is called only for pages that do not currently exist, we * do not need to flush old virtual caches or the TLB. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn) { return vmf_insert_pfn_prot(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_pfn); static bool vm_mixed_ok(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pfn_t pfn) { /* these checks mirror the abort conditions in vm_normal_page */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) return true; if (pfn_t_devmap(pfn)) return true; if (pfn_t_special(pfn)) return true; if (is_zero_pfn(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn))) return true; return false; } static vm_fault_t __vm_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool mkwrite) { int err; BUG_ON(!vm_mixed_ok(vma, pfn)); if (addr < vma->vm_start || addr >= vma->vm_end) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; track_pfn_insert(vma, &pgprot, pfn); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn), pgprot)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * If we don't have pte special, then we have to use the pfn_valid() * based VM_MIXEDMAP scheme (see vm_normal_page), and thus we *must* * refcount the page if pfn_valid is true (hence insert_page rather * than insert_pfn). If a zero_pfn were inserted into a VM_MIXEDMAP * without pte special, it would there be refcounted as a normal page. */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL) && !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn)) { struct page *page; /* * At this point we are committed to insert_page() * regardless of whether the caller specified flags that * result in pfn_t_has_page() == false. */ page = pfn_to_page(pfn_t_to_pfn(pfn)); err = insert_page(vma, addr, page, pgprot); } else { return insert_pfn(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, mkwrite); } if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } /** * vmf_insert_mixed_prot - insert single pfn into user vma with specified pgprot * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target user address of this page * @pfn: source kernel pfn * @pgprot: pgprot flags for the inserted page * * This is exactly like vmf_insert_mixed(), except that it allows drivers * to override pgprot on a per-page basis. * * Typically this function should be used by drivers to set caching- and * encryption bits different than those of @vma->vm_page_prot, because * the caching- or encryption mode may not be known at mmap() time. * This is ok as long as @vma->vm_page_prot is not used by the core vm * to set caching and encryption bits for those vmas (except for COW pages). * This is ensured by core vm only modifying these page table entries using * functions that don't touch caching- or encryption bits, using pte_modify() * if needed. (See for example mprotect()). * Also when new page-table entries are created, this is only done using the * fault() callback, and never using the value of vma->vm_page_prot, * except for page-table entries that point to anonymous pages as the result * of COW. * * Context: Process context. May allocate using %GFP_KERNEL. * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, pgprot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_prot); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed); /* * If the insertion of PTE failed because someone else already added a * different entry in the mean time, we treat that as success as we assume * the same entry was actually inserted. */ vm_fault_t vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pfn_t pfn) { return __vm_insert_mixed(vma, addr, pfn, vma->vm_page_prot, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmf_insert_mixed_mkwrite); /* * maps a range of physical memory into the requested pages. the old * mappings are removed. any references to nonexistent pages results * in null mappings (currently treated as "copy-on-access") */ static int remap_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; int err = 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); do { BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte)); if (!pfn_modify_allowed(pfn, prot)) { err = -EACCES; break; } set_pte_at(mm, addr, pte, pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(pfn, prot))); pfn++; } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); return err; } static inline int remap_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, addr); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } static inline int remap_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err; pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, addr); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) return err; } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return 0; } /** * remap_pfn_range - remap kernel memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @addr: target page aligned user address to start at * @pfn: page frame number of kernel physical memory address * @size: size of mapping area * @prot: page protection flags for this mapping * * Note: this is only safe if the mm semaphore is held when called. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int remap_pfn_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long next; unsigned long end = addr + PAGE_ALIGN(size); struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long remap_pfn = pfn; int err; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!PAGE_ALIGNED(addr))) return -EINVAL; /* * Physically remapped pages are special. Tell the * rest of the world about it: * VM_IO tells people not to look at these pages * (accesses can have side effects). * VM_PFNMAP tells the core MM that the base pages are just * raw PFN mappings, and do not have a "struct page" associated * with them. * VM_DONTEXPAND * Disable vma merging and expanding with mremap(). * VM_DONTDUMP * Omit vma from core dump, even when VM_IO turned off. * * There's a horrible special case to handle copy-on-write * behaviour that some programs depend on. We mark the "original" * un-COW'ed pages by matching them up with "vma->vm_pgoff". * See vm_normal_page() for details. */ if (is_cow_mapping(vma->vm_flags)) { if (addr != vma->vm_start || end != vma->vm_end) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_pgoff = pfn; } err = track_pfn_remap(vma, &prot, remap_pfn, addr, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); if (err) return -EINVAL; vma->vm_flags |= VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP; BUG_ON(addr >= end); pfn -= addr >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); flush_cache_range(vma, addr, end); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); err = remap_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, pfn + (addr >> PAGE_SHIFT), prot); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (err) untrack_pfn(vma, remap_pfn, PAGE_ALIGN(size)); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(remap_pfn_range); /** * vm_iomap_memory - remap memory to userspace * @vma: user vma to map to * @start: start of the physical memory to be mapped * @len: size of area * * This is a simplified io_remap_pfn_range() for common driver use. The * driver just needs to give us the physical memory range to be mapped, * we'll figure out the rest from the vma information. * * NOTE! Some drivers might want to tweak vma->vm_page_prot first to get * whatever write-combining details or similar. * * Return: %0 on success, negative error code otherwise. */ int vm_iomap_memory(struct vm_area_struct *vma, phys_addr_t start, unsigned long len) { unsigned long vm_len, pfn, pages; /* Check that the physical memory area passed in looks valid */ if (start + len < start) return -EINVAL; /* * You *really* shouldn't map things that aren't page-aligned, * but we've historically allowed it because IO memory might * just have smaller alignment. */ len += start & ~PAGE_MASK; pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT; pages = (len + ~PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (pfn + pages < pfn) return -EINVAL; /* We start the mapping 'vm_pgoff' pages into the area */ if (vma->vm_pgoff > pages) return -EINVAL; pfn += vma->vm_pgoff; pages -= vma->vm_pgoff; /* Can we fit all of the mapping? */ vm_len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start; if (vm_len >> PAGE_SHIFT > pages) return -EINVAL; /* Ok, let it rip */ return io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, pfn, vm_len, vma->vm_page_prot); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_iomap_memory); static int apply_to_pte_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pte_t *pte; int err = 0; spinlock_t *ptl; if (create) { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_alloc_kernel_track(pmd, addr, mask) : pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); if (!pte) return -ENOMEM; } else { pte = (mm == &init_mm) ? pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr) : pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); } BUG_ON(pmd_huge(*pmd)); arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (fn) { do { if (create || !pte_none(*pte)) { err = fn(pte++, addr, data); if (err) break; } } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end); } *mask |= PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED; arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(); if (mm != &init_mm) pte_unmap_unlock(pte-1, ptl); return err; } static int apply_to_pmd_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pmd_t *pmd; unsigned long next; int err = 0; BUG_ON(pud_huge(*pud)); if (create) { pmd = pmd_alloc_track(mm, pud, addr, mask); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; } else { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr); } do { next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd)) { err = apply_to_pte_range(mm, pmd, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_pud_range(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { pud_t *pud; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { pud = pud_alloc_track(mm, p4d, addr, mask); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; } else { pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr); } do { next = pud_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud)) { err = apply_to_pmd_range(mm, pud, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int apply_to_p4d_range(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create, pgtbl_mod_mask *mask) { p4d_t *p4d; unsigned long next; int err = 0; if (create) { p4d = p4d_alloc_track(mm, pgd, addr, mask); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; } else { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, addr); } do { next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end); if (create || !p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d)) { err = apply_to_pud_range(mm, p4d, addr, next, fn, data, create, mask); if (err) break; } } while (p4d++, addr = next, addr != end); return err; } static int __apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data, bool create) { pgd_t *pgd; unsigned long start = addr, next; unsigned long end = addr + size; pgtbl_mod_mask mask = 0; int err = 0; if (WARN_ON(addr >= end)) return -EINVAL; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr); do { next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end); if (!create && pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd)) continue; err = apply_to_p4d_range(mm, pgd, addr, next, fn, data, create, &mask); if (err) break; } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end); if (mask & ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK) arch_sync_kernel_mappings(start, start + size); return err; } /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, filling in page tables as necessary * and calling a provided function on each leaf page table. */ int apply_to_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_page_range); /* * Scan a region of virtual memory, calling a provided function on * each leaf page table where it exists. * * Unlike apply_to_page_range, this does _not_ fill in page tables * where they are absent. */ int apply_to_existing_page_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, pte_fn_t fn, void *data) { return __apply_to_page_range(mm, addr, size, fn, data, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(apply_to_existing_page_range); /* * handle_pte_fault chooses page fault handler according to an entry which was * read non-atomically. Before making any commitment, on those architectures * or configurations (e.g. i386 with PAE) which might give a mix of unmatched * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check; * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on). */ static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte) { int same = 1; #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) { spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd); spin_lock(ptl); same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte); spin_unlock(ptl); } #endif pte_unmap(page_table); return same; } static inline bool cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, struct vm_fault *vmf) { bool ret; void *kaddr; void __user *uaddr; bool locked = false; struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; unsigned long addr = vmf->address; if (likely(src)) { copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr, vma); return true; } /* * If the source page was a PFN mapping, we don't have * a "struct page" for it. We do a best-effort copy by * just copying from the original user address. If that * fails, we just zero-fill it. Live with it. */ kaddr = kmap_atomic(dst); uaddr = (void __user *)(addr & PAGE_MASK); /* * On architectures with software "accessed" bits, we would * take a double page fault, so mark it accessed here. */ if (arch_faults_on_old_pte() && !pte_young(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_t entry; vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* * Other thread has already handled the fault * and update local tlb only */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, addr, vmf->pte, entry, 0)) update_mmu_cache(vma, addr, vmf->pte); } /* * This really shouldn't fail, because the page is there * in the page tables. But it might just be unreadable, * in which case we just give up and fill the result with * zeroes. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { if (locked) goto warn; /* Re-validate under PTL if the page is still mapped */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, addr, &vmf->ptl); locked = true; if (!likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { /* The PTE changed under us, update local tlb */ update_mmu_tlb(vma, addr, vmf->pte); ret = false; goto pte_unlock; } /* * The same page can be mapped back since last copy attempt. * Try to copy again under PTL. */ if (__copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr, uaddr, PAGE_SIZE)) { /* * Give a warn in case there can be some obscure * use-case */ warn: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); clear_page(kaddr); } } ret = true; pte_unlock: if (locked) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); kunmap_atomic(kaddr); flush_dcache_page(dst); return ret; } static gfp_t __get_fault_gfp_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct file *vm_file = vma->vm_file; if (vm_file) return mapping_gfp_mask(vm_file->f_mapping) | __GFP_FS | __GFP_IO; /* * Special mappings (e.g. VDSO) do not have any file so fake * a default GFP_KERNEL for them. */ return GFP_KERNEL; } /* * Notify the address space that the page is about to become writable so that * it can prohibit this or wait for the page to get into an appropriate state. * * We do this without the lock held, so that it can sleep if it needs to. */ static vm_fault_t do_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf) { vm_fault_t ret; struct page *page = vmf->page; unsigned int old_flags = vmf->flags; vmf->flags = FAULT_FLAG_WRITE|FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; if (vmf->vma->vm_file && IS_SWAPFILE(vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host)) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite(vmf); /* Restore original flags so that caller is not surprised */ vmf->flags = old_flags; if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) return ret; if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) { lock_page(page); if (!page->mapping) { unlock_page(page); return 0; /* retry */ } ret |= VM_FAULT_LOCKED; } else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page); return ret; } /* * Handle dirtying of a page in shared file mapping on a write fault. * * The function expects the page to be locked and unlocks it. */ static vm_fault_t fault_dirty_shared_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page = vmf->page; bool dirtied; bool page_mkwrite = vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite; dirtied = set_page_dirty(page); VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageAnon(page), page); /* * Take a local copy of the address_space - page.mapping may be zeroed * by truncate after unlock_page(). The address_space itself remains * pinned by vma->vm_file's reference. We rely on unlock_page()'s * release semantics to prevent the compiler from undoing this copying. */ mapping = page_rmapping(page); unlock_page(page); if (!page_mkwrite) file_update_time(vma->vm_file); /* * Throttle page dirtying rate down to writeback speed. * * mapping may be NULL here because some device drivers do not * set page.mapping but still dirty their pages * * Drop the mmap_lock before waiting on IO, if we can. The file * is pinning the mapping, as per above. */ if ((dirtied || page_mkwrite) && mapping) { struct file *fpin; fpin = maybe_unlock_mmap_for_io(vmf, NULL); balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited(mapping); if (fpin) { fput(fpin); return VM_FAULT_RETRY; } } return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for pages that can be reused in the current vma * * This can happen either due to the mapping being with the VM_SHARED flag, * or due to us being the last reference standing to the page. In either * case, all we need to do here is to mark the page as writable and update * any related book-keeping. */ static inline void wp_page_reuse(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = vmf->page; pte_t entry; /* * Clear the pages cpupid information as the existing * information potentially belongs to a now completely * unrelated process. */ if (page) page_cpupid_xchg_last(page, (1 << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1); flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = pte_mkyoung(vmf->orig_pte); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, 1)) update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); count_vm_event(PGREUSE); } /* * Handle the case of a page which we actually need to copy to a new page. * * Called with mmap_lock locked and the old page referenced, but * without the ptl held. * * High level logic flow: * * - Allocate a page, copy the content of the old page to the new one. * - Handle book keeping and accounting - cgroups, mmu-notifiers, etc. * - Take the PTL. If the pte changed, bail out and release the allocated page * - If the pte is still the way we remember it, update the page table and all * relevant references. This includes dropping the reference the page-table * held to the old page, as well as updating the rmap. * - In any case, unlock the PTL and drop the reference we took to the old page. */ static vm_fault_t wp_page_copy(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; struct page *old_page = vmf->page; struct page *new_page = NULL; pte_t entry; int page_copied = 0; struct mmu_notifier_range range; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte))) { new_page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; } else { new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!new_page) goto oom; if (!cow_user_page(new_page, old_page, vmf)) { /* * COW failed, if the fault was solved by other, * it's fine. If not, userspace would re-fault on * the same address and we will handle the fault * from the second attempt. */ put_page(new_page); if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return 0; } } if (mem_cgroup_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_new; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(new_page, GFP_KERNEL); __SetPageUptodate(new_page); mmu_notifier_range_init(&range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, vma, mm, vmf->address & PAGE_MASK, (vmf->address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range); /* * Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { if (old_page) { if (!PageAnon(old_page)) { dec_mm_counter_fast(mm, mm_counter_file(old_page)); inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(mm, MM_ANONPAGES); } flush_cache_page(vma, vmf->address, pte_pfn(vmf->orig_pte)); entry = mk_pte(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* * Clear the pte entry and flush it first, before updating the * pte with the new entry. This will avoid a race condition * seen in the presence of one thread doing SMC and another * thread doing COW. */ ptep_clear_flush_notify(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(new_page, vma); /* * We call the notify macro here because, when using secondary * mmu page tables (such as kvm shadow page tables), we want the * new page to be mapped directly into the secondary page table. */ set_pte_at_notify(mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); if (old_page) { /* * Only after switching the pte to the new page may * we remove the mapcount here. Otherwise another * process may come and find the rmap count decremented * before the pte is switched to the new page, and * "reuse" the old page writing into it while our pte * here still points into it and can be read by other * threads. * * The critical issue is to order this * page_remove_rmap with the ptp_clear_flush above. * Those stores are ordered by (if nothing else,) * the barrier present in the atomic_add_negative * in page_remove_rmap. * * Then the TLB flush in ptep_clear_flush ensures that * no process can access the old page before the * decremented mapcount is visible. And the old page * cannot be reused until after the decremented * mapcount is visible. So transitively, TLBs to * old page will be flushed before it can be reused. */ page_remove_rmap(old_page, false); } /* Free the old page.. */ new_page = old_page; page_copied = 1; } else { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } if (new_page) put_page(new_page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); /* * No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as * the above ptep_clear_flush_notify() did already call it. */ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(&range); if (old_page) { /* * Don't let another task, with possibly unlocked vma, * keep the mlocked page. */ if (page_copied && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) { lock_page(old_page); /* LRU manipulation */ if (PageMlocked(old_page)) munlock_vma_page(old_page); unlock_page(old_page); } put_page(old_page); } return page_copied ? VM_FAULT_WRITE : 0; oom_free_new: put_page(new_page); oom: if (old_page) put_page(old_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /** * finish_mkwrite_fault - finish page fault for a shared mapping, making PTE * writeable once the page is prepared * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a write page fault in a * shared mapping due to PTE being read-only once the mapped page is prepared. * It handles locking of PTE and modifying it. * * The function expects the page to be locked or other protection against * concurrent faults / writeback (such as DAX radix tree locks). * * Return: %VM_FAULT_WRITE on success, %0 when PTE got changed before * we acquired PTE lock. */ vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * We might have raced with another page fault while we released the * pte_offset_map_lock. */ if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return 0; } /* * Handle write page faults for VM_MIXEDMAP or VM_PFNMAP for a VM_SHARED * mapping */ static vm_fault_t wp_pfn_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t ret; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); vmf->flags |= FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE; ret = vma->vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite(vmf); if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)) return ret; return finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); } wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } static vm_fault_t wp_page_shared(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_WRITE; get_page(vmf->page); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { vm_fault_t tmp; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } tmp = finish_mkwrite_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } else { wp_page_reuse(vmf); lock_page(vmf->page); } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } /* * This routine handles present pages, when users try to write * to a shared page. It is done by copying the page to a new address * and decrementing the shared-page counter for the old page. * * Note that this routine assumes that the protection checks have been * done by the caller (the low-level page fault routine in most cases). * Thus we can safely just mark it writable once we've done any necessary * COW. * * We also mark the page dirty at this point even though the page will * change only once the write actually happens. This avoids a few races, * and potentially makes it more efficient. * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), with pte both mapped and locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) __releases(vmf->ptl) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (userfaultfd_pte_wp(vma, *vmf->pte)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); } /* * Userfaultfd write-protect can defer flushes. Ensure the TLB * is flushed in this case before copying. */ if (unlikely(userfaultfd_wp(vmf->vma) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(vmf->vma->vm_mm))) flush_tlb_page(vmf->vma, vmf->address); vmf->page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte); if (!vmf->page) { /* * VM_MIXEDMAP !pfn_valid() case, or VM_SOFTDIRTY clear on a * VM_PFNMAP VMA. * * We should not cow pages in a shared writeable mapping. * Just mark the pages writable and/or call ops->pfn_mkwrite. */ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) return wp_pfn_shared(vmf); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } /* * Take out anonymous pages first, anonymous shared vmas are * not dirty accountable. */ if (PageAnon(vmf->page)) { struct page *page = vmf->page; /* PageKsm() doesn't necessarily raise the page refcount */ if (PageKsm(page) || page_count(page) != 1) goto copy; if (!trylock_page(page)) goto copy; if (PageKsm(page) || page_mapcount(page) != 1 || page_count(page) != 1) { unlock_page(page); goto copy; } /* * Ok, we've got the only map reference, and the only * page count reference, and the page is locked, * it's dark out, and we're wearing sunglasses. Hit it. */ unlock_page(page); wp_page_reuse(vmf); return VM_FAULT_WRITE; } else if (unlikely((vma->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED))) { return wp_page_shared(vmf); } copy: /* * Ok, we need to copy. Oh, well.. */ get_page(vmf->page); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return wp_page_copy(vmf); } static void unmap_mapping_range_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start_addr, unsigned long end_addr, struct zap_details *details) { zap_page_range_single(vma, start_addr, end_addr - start_addr, details); } static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct rb_root_cached *root, struct zap_details *details) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; pgoff_t vba, vea, zba, zea; vma_interval_tree_foreach(vma, root, details->first_index, details->last_index) { vba = vma->vm_pgoff; vea = vba + vma_pages(vma) - 1; zba = details->first_index; if (zba < vba) zba = vba; zea = details->last_index; if (zea > vea) zea = vea; unmap_mapping_range_vma(vma, ((zba - vba) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, ((zea - vba + 1) << PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_start, details); } } /** * unmap_mapping_page() - Unmap single page from processes. * @page: The locked page to be unmapped. * * Unmap this page from any userspace process which still has it mmaped. * Typically, for efficiency, the range of nearby pages has already been * unmapped by unmap_mapping_pages() or unmap_mapping_range(). But once * truncation or invalidation holds the lock on a page, it may find that * the page has been remapped again: and then uses unmap_mapping_page() * to unmap it finally. */ void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping; struct zap_details details = { }; VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); VM_BUG_ON(PageTail(page)); details.check_mapping = mapping; details.first_index = page->index; details.last_index = page->index + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1; details.single_page = page; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_pages() - Unmap pages from processes. * @mapping: The address space containing pages to be unmapped. * @start: Index of first page to be unmapped. * @nr: Number of pages to be unmapped. 0 to unmap to end of file. * @even_cows: Whether to unmap even private COWed pages. * * Unmap the pages in this address space from any userspace process which * has them mmaped. Generally, you want to remove COWed pages as well when * a file is being truncated, but not when invalidating pages from the page * cache. */ void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { struct zap_details details = { }; details.check_mapping = even_cows ? NULL : mapping; details.first_index = start; details.last_index = start + nr - 1; if (details.last_index < details.first_index) details.last_index = ULONG_MAX; i_mmap_lock_write(mapping); if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))) unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details); i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping); } /** * unmap_mapping_range - unmap the portion of all mmaps in the specified * address_space corresponding to the specified byte range in the underlying * file. * * @mapping: the address space containing mmaps to be unmapped. * @holebegin: byte in first page to unmap, relative to the start of * the underlying file. This will be rounded down to a PAGE_SIZE * boundary. Note that this is different from truncate_pagecache(), which * must keep the partial page. In contrast, we must get rid of * partial pages. * @holelen: size of prospective hole in bytes. This will be rounded * up to a PAGE_SIZE boundary. A holelen of zero truncates to the * end of the file. * @even_cows: 1 when truncating a file, unmap even private COWed pages; * but 0 when invalidating pagecache, don't throw away private data. */ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { pgoff_t hba = holebegin >> PAGE_SHIFT; pgoff_t hlen = (holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; /* Check for overflow. */ if (sizeof(holelen) > sizeof(hlen)) { long long holeend = (holebegin + holelen + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (holeend & ~(long long)ULONG_MAX) hlen = ULONG_MAX - hba + 1; } unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, hba, hlen, even_cows); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range); /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with pte unmapped and unlocked. * * We return with the mmap_lock locked or unlocked in the same cases * as does filemap_fault(). */ vm_fault_t do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL, *swapcache; swp_entry_t entry; pte_t pte; int locked; int exclusive = 0; vm_fault_t ret = 0; void *shadow = NULL; if (!pte_unmap_same(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte)) goto out; entry = pte_to_swp_entry(vmf->orig_pte); if (unlikely(non_swap_entry(entry))) { if (is_migration_entry(entry)) { migration_entry_wait(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address); } else if (is_device_private_entry(entry)) { vmf->page = device_private_entry_to_page(entry); ret = vmf->page->pgmap->ops->migrate_to_ram(vmf); } else if (is_hwpoison_entry(entry)) { ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } else { print_bad_pte(vma, vmf->address, vmf->orig_pte, NULL); ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } goto out; } delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); page = lookup_swap_cache(entry, vma, vmf->address); swapcache = page; if (!page) { struct swap_info_struct *si = swp_swap_info(entry); if (data_race(si->flags & SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO) && __swap_count(entry) == 1) { /* skip swapcache */ page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (page) { int err; __SetPageLocked(page); __SetPageSwapBacked(page); set_page_private(page, entry.val); /* Tell memcg to use swap ownership records */ SetPageSwapCache(page); err = mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL); ClearPageSwapCache(page); if (err) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; goto out_page; } shadow = get_shadow_from_swap_cache(entry); if (shadow) workingset_refault(page, shadow); lru_cache_add(page); swap_readpage(page, true); } } else { page = swapin_readahead(entry, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vmf); swapcache = page; } if (!page) { /* * Back out if somebody else faulted in this pte * while we released the pte lock. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (likely(pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto unlock; } /* Had to read the page from swap area: Major fault */ ret = VM_FAULT_MAJOR; count_vm_event(PGMAJFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGMAJFAULT); } else if (PageHWPoison(page)) { /* * hwpoisoned dirty swapcache pages are kept for killing * owner processes (which may be unknown at hwpoison time) */ ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); goto out_release; } locked = lock_page_or_retry(page, vma->vm_mm, vmf->flags); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN); if (!locked) { ret |= VM_FAULT_RETRY; goto out_release; } /* * Make sure try_to_free_swap or reuse_swap_page or swapoff did not * release the swapcache from under us. The page pin, and pte_same * test below, are not enough to exclude that. Even if it is still * swapcache, we need to check that the page's swap has not changed. */ if (unlikely((!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)) && swapcache) goto out_page; page = ksm_might_need_to_copy(page, vma, vmf->address); if (unlikely(!page)) { ret = VM_FAULT_OOM; page = swapcache; goto out_page; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * Back out if somebody else already faulted in this pte. */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) goto out_nomap; if (unlikely(!PageUptodate(page))) { ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; goto out_nomap; } /* * The page isn't present yet, go ahead with the fault. * * Be careful about the sequence of operations here. * To get its accounting right, reuse_swap_page() must be called * while the page is counted on swap but not yet in mapcount i.e. * before page_add_anon_rmap() and swap_free(); try_to_free_swap() * must be called after the swap_free(), or it will never succeed. */ inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); dec_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_SWAPENTS); pte = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && reuse_swap_page(page, NULL)) { pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(pte), vma); vmf->flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE; exclusive = RMAP_EXCLUSIVE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(vmf->orig_pte)) pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte); if (pte_swp_uffd_wp(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte = pte_mkuffd_wp(pte); pte = pte_wrprotect(pte); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, pte); arch_do_swap_page(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmf->address, pte, vmf->orig_pte); vmf->orig_pte = pte; /* ksm created a completely new copy */ if (unlikely(page != swapcache && swapcache)) { page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { do_page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, exclusive); } swap_free(entry); if (mem_cgroup_swap_full(page) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) || PageMlocked(page)) try_to_free_swap(page); unlock_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { /* * Hold the lock to avoid the swap entry to be reused * until we take the PT lock for the pte_same() check * (to avoid false positives from pte_same). For * further safety release the lock after the swap_free * so that the swap count won't change under a * parallel locked swapcache. */ unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { ret |= do_wp_page(vmf); if (ret & VM_FAULT_ERROR) ret &= VM_FAULT_ERROR; goto out; } /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: return ret; out_nomap: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out_page: unlock_page(page); out_release: put_page(page); if (page != swapcache && swapcache) { unlock_page(swapcache); put_page(swapcache); } return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults), and pte mapped but not yet locked. * We return with mmap_lock still held, but pte unmapped and unlocked. */ static vm_fault_t do_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; pte_t entry; /* File mapping without ->vm_ops ? */ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; /* * Use pte_alloc() instead of pte_alloc_map(). We can't run * pte_offset_map() on pmds where a huge pmd might be created * from a different thread. * * pte_alloc_map() is safe to use under mmap_write_lock(mm) or when * parallel threads are excluded by other means. * * Here we only have mmap_read_lock(mm). */ if (pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* See the comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (unlikely(pmd_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd))) return 0; /* Use the zero-page for reads */ if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !mm_forbids_zeropage(vma->vm_mm)) { entry = pte_mkspecial(pfn_pte(my_zero_pfn(vmf->address), vma->vm_page_prot)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto unlock; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } goto setpte; } /* Allocate our own private page. */ if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) goto oom; page = alloc_zeroed_user_highpage_movable(vma, vmf->address); if (!page) goto oom; if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) goto oom_free_page; cgroup_throttle_swaprate(page, GFP_KERNEL); /* * The memory barrier inside __SetPageUptodate makes sure that * preceding stores to the page contents become visible before * the set_pte_at() write. */ __SetPageUptodate(page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE) entry = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry)); vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) { update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto release; } ret = check_stable_address_space(vma->vm_mm); if (ret) goto release; /* Deliver the page fault to userland, check inside PT lock */ if (userfaultfd_missing(vma)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); put_page(page); return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING); } inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); setpte: set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* No need to invalidate - it was non-present before */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; release: put_page(page); goto unlock; oom_free_page: put_page(page); oom: return VM_FAULT_OOM; } /* * The mmap_lock must have been held on entry, and may have been * released depending on flags and vma->vm_ops->fault() return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; /* * Preallocate pte before we take page_lock because this might lead to * deadlocks for memcg reclaim which waits for pages under writeback: * lock_page(A) * SetPageWriteback(A) * unlock_page(A) * lock_page(B) * lock_page(B) * pte_alloc_one * shrink_page_list * wait_on_page_writeback(A) * SetPageWriteback(B) * unlock_page(B) * # flush A, B to clear the writeback */ if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } ret = vma->vm_ops->fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY | VM_FAULT_DONE_COW))) return ret; if (unlikely(PageHWPoison(vmf->page))) { if (ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED) unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); vmf->page = NULL; return VM_FAULT_HWPOISON; } if (unlikely(!(ret & VM_FAULT_LOCKED))) lock_page(vmf->page); else VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(vmf->page), vmf->page); return ret; } /* * The ordering of these checks is important for pmds with _PAGE_DEVMAP set. * If we check pmd_trans_unstable() first we will trip the bad_pmd() check * inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(). This will end up correctly * returning 1 but not before it spams dmesg with the pmd_clear_bad() output. */ static int pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { return pmd_devmap(*pmd) || pmd_trans_unstable(pmd); } static vm_fault_t pte_alloc_one_map(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; if (!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) goto map_pte; if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); goto map_pte; } mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); pmd_populate(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } else if (unlikely(pte_alloc(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd))) { return VM_FAULT_OOM; } map_pte: /* * If a huge pmd materialized under us just retry later. Use * pmd_trans_unstable() via pmd_devmap_trans_unstable() instead of * pmd_trans_huge() to ensure the pmd didn't become pmd_trans_huge * under us and then back to pmd_none, as a result of MADV_DONTNEED * running immediately after a huge pmd fault in a different thread of * this mm, in turn leading to a misleading pmd_trans_huge() retval. * All we have to ensure is that it is a regular pmd that we can walk * with pte_offset_map() and we can do that through an atomic read in * C, which is what pmd_trans_unstable() provides. */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; /* * At this point we know that our vmf->pmd points to a page of ptes * and it cannot become pmd_none(), pmd_devmap() or pmd_trans_huge() * for the duration of the fault. If a racing MADV_DONTNEED runs and * we zap the ptes pointed to by our vmf->pmd, the vmf->ptl will still * be valid and we will re-check to make sure the vmf->pte isn't * pte_none() under vmf->ptl protection when we return to * alloc_set_pte(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static void deposit_prealloc_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->prealloc_pte); /* * We are going to consume the prealloc table, * count that as nr_ptes. */ mm_inc_nr_ptes(vma->vm_mm); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; unsigned long haddr = vmf->address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK; pmd_t entry; int i; vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (!transhuge_vma_suitable(vma, haddr)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); if (compound_order(page) != HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) return ret; /* * Archs like ppc64 need additonal space to store information * related to pte entry. Use the preallocated table for that. */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() && !vmf->prealloc_pte) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) return VM_FAULT_OOM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) goto out; for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) flush_icache_page(vma, page + i); entry = mk_huge_pmd(page, vma->vm_page_prot); if (write) entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma); add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page), HPAGE_PMD_NR); page_add_file_rmap(page, true); /* * deposit and withdraw with pmd lock held */ if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit()) deposit_prealloc_pte(vmf); set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, haddr, vmf->pmd, entry); update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, haddr, vmf->pmd); /* fault is handled */ ret = 0; count_vm_event(THP_FILE_MAPPED); out: spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); return ret; } #else static vm_fault_t do_set_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /** * alloc_set_pte - setup new PTE entry for given page and add reverse page * mapping. If needed, the function allocates page table or use pre-allocated. * * @vmf: fault environment * @page: page to map * * Caller must take care of unlocking vmf->ptl, if vmf->pte is non-NULL on * return. * * Target users are page handler itself and implementations of * vm_ops->map_pages. * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; bool write = vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; pte_t entry; vm_fault_t ret; if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd) && PageTransCompound(page)) { ret = do_set_pmd(vmf, page); if (ret != VM_FAULT_FALLBACK) return ret; } if (!vmf->pte) { ret = pte_alloc_one_map(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } /* Re-check under ptl */ if (unlikely(!pte_none(*vmf->pte))) { update_mmu_tlb(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; } flush_icache_page(vma, page); entry = mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot); entry = pte_sw_mkyoung(entry); if (write) entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma); /* copy-on-write page */ if (write && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES); page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, vmf->address, false); lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(page, vma); } else { inc_mm_counter_fast(vma->vm_mm, mm_counter_file(page)); page_add_file_rmap(page, false); } set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry); /* no need to invalidate: a not-present page won't be cached */ update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); return 0; } /** * finish_fault - finish page fault once we have prepared the page to fault * * @vmf: structure describing the fault * * This function handles all that is needed to finish a page fault once the * page to fault in is prepared. It handles locking of PTEs, inserts PTE for * given page, adds reverse page mapping, handles memcg charges and LRU * addition. * * The function expects the page to be locked and on success it consumes a * reference of a page being mapped (for the PTE which maps it). * * Return: %0 on success, %VM_FAULT_ code in case of error. */ vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct page *page; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* Did we COW the page? */ if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) && !(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) page = vmf->cow_page; else page = vmf->page; /* * check even for read faults because we might have lost our CoWed * page */ if (!(vmf->vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = check_stable_address_space(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!ret) ret = alloc_set_pte(vmf, page); if (vmf->pte) pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return ret; } static unsigned long fault_around_bytes __read_mostly = rounddown_pow_of_two(65536); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static int fault_around_bytes_get(void *data, u64 *val) { *val = fault_around_bytes; return 0; } /* * fault_around_bytes must be rounded down to the nearest page order as it's * what do_fault_around() expects to see. */ static int fault_around_bytes_set(void *data, u64 val) { if (val / PAGE_SIZE > PTRS_PER_PTE) return -EINVAL; if (val > PAGE_SIZE) fault_around_bytes = rounddown_pow_of_two(val); else fault_around_bytes = PAGE_SIZE; /* rounddown_pow_of_two(0) is undefined */ return 0; } DEFINE_DEBUGFS_ATTRIBUTE(fault_around_bytes_fops, fault_around_bytes_get, fault_around_bytes_set, "%llu\n"); static int __init fault_around_debugfs(void) { debugfs_create_file_unsafe("fault_around_bytes", 0644, NULL, NULL, &fault_around_bytes_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(fault_around_debugfs); #endif /* * do_fault_around() tries to map few pages around the fault address. The hope * is that the pages will be needed soon and this will lower the number of * faults to handle. * * It uses vm_ops->map_pages() to map the pages, which skips the page if it's * not ready to be mapped: not up-to-date, locked, etc. * * This function is called with the page table lock taken. In the split ptlock * case the page table lock only protects only those entries which belong to * the page table corresponding to the fault address. * * This function doesn't cross the VMA boundaries, in order to call map_pages() * only once. * * fault_around_bytes defines how many bytes we'll try to map. * do_fault_around() expects it to be set to a power of two less than or equal * to PTRS_PER_PTE. * * The virtual address of the area that we map is naturally aligned to * fault_around_bytes rounded down to the machine page size * (and therefore to page order). This way it's easier to guarantee * that we don't cross page table boundaries. */ static vm_fault_t do_fault_around(struct vm_fault *vmf) { unsigned long address = vmf->address, nr_pages, mask; pgoff_t start_pgoff = vmf->pgoff; pgoff_t end_pgoff; int off; vm_fault_t ret = 0; nr_pages = READ_ONCE(fault_around_bytes) >> PAGE_SHIFT; mask = ~(nr_pages * PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; vmf->address = max(address & mask, vmf->vma->vm_start); off = ((address - vmf->address) >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); start_pgoff -= off; /* * end_pgoff is either the end of the page table, the end of * the vma or nr_pages from start_pgoff, depending what is nearest. */ end_pgoff = start_pgoff - ((vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1)) + PTRS_PER_PTE - 1; end_pgoff = min3(end_pgoff, vma_pages(vmf->vma) + vmf->vma->vm_pgoff - 1, start_pgoff + nr_pages - 1); if (pmd_none(*vmf->pmd)) { vmf->prealloc_pte = pte_alloc_one(vmf->vma->vm_mm); if (!vmf->prealloc_pte) goto out; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc() */ } vmf->vma->vm_ops->map_pages(vmf, start_pgoff, end_pgoff); /* Huge page is mapped? Page fault is solved */ if (pmd_trans_huge(*vmf->pmd)) { ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; goto out; } /* ->map_pages() haven't done anything useful. Cold page cache? */ if (!vmf->pte) goto out; /* check if the page fault is solved */ vmf->pte -= (vmf->address >> PAGE_SHIFT) - (address >> PAGE_SHIFT); if (!pte_none(*vmf->pte)) ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); out: vmf->address = address; vmf->pte = NULL; return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_read_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret = 0; /* * Let's call ->map_pages() first and use ->fault() as fallback * if page by the offset is not ready to be mapped (cold cache or * something). */ if (vma->vm_ops->map_pages && fault_around_bytes >> PAGE_SHIFT > 1) { ret = do_fault_around(vmf); if (ret) return ret; } ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_cow_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret; if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf->cow_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vmf->address); if (!vmf->cow_page) return VM_FAULT_OOM; if (mem_cgroup_charge(vmf->cow_page, vma->vm_mm, GFP_KERNEL)) { put_page(vmf->cow_page); return VM_FAULT_OOM; } cgroup_throttle_swaprate(vmf->cow_page, GFP_KERNEL); ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; if (ret & VM_FAULT_DONE_COW) return ret; copy_user_highpage(vmf->cow_page, vmf->page, vmf->address, vma); __SetPageUptodate(vmf->cow_page); ret |= finish_fault(vmf); unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) goto uncharge_out; return ret; uncharge_out: put_page(vmf->cow_page); return ret; } static vm_fault_t do_shared_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; vm_fault_t ret, tmp; ret = __do_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) return ret; /* * Check if the backing address space wants to know that the page is * about to become writable */ if (vma->vm_ops->page_mkwrite) { unlock_page(vmf->page); tmp = do_page_mkwrite(vmf); if (unlikely(!tmp || (tmp & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE)))) { put_page(vmf->page); return tmp; } } ret |= finish_fault(vmf); if (unlikely(ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_NOPAGE | VM_FAULT_RETRY))) { unlock_page(vmf->page); put_page(vmf->page); return ret; } ret |= fault_dirty_shared_page(vmf); return ret; } /* * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, * but allow concurrent faults). * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). * If mmap_lock is released, vma may become invalid (for example * by other thread calling munmap()). */ static vm_fault_t do_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct mm_struct *vm_mm = vma->vm_mm; vm_fault_t ret; /* * The VMA was not fully populated on mmap() or missing VM_DONTEXPAND */ if (!vma->vm_ops->fault) { /* * If we find a migration pmd entry or a none pmd entry, which * should never happen, return SIGBUS */ if (unlikely(!pmd_present(*vmf->pmd))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else { vmf->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, &vmf->ptl); /* * Make sure this is not a temporary clearing of pte * by holding ptl and checking again. A R/M/W update * of pte involves: take ptl, clearing the pte so that * we don't have concurrent modification by hardware * followed by an update. */ if (unlikely(pte_none(*vmf->pte))) ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; else ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); } } else if (!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) ret = do_read_fault(vmf); else if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) ret = do_cow_fault(vmf); else ret = do_shared_fault(vmf); /* preallocated pagetable is unused: free it */ if (vmf->prealloc_pte) { pte_free(vm_mm, vmf->prealloc_pte); vmf->prealloc_pte = NULL; } return ret; } static int numa_migrate_prep(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int page_nid, int *flags) { get_page(page); count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS); if (page_nid == numa_node_id()) { count_vm_numa_event(NUMA_HINT_FAULTS_LOCAL); *flags |= TNF_FAULT_LOCAL; } return mpol_misplaced(page, vma, addr); } static vm_fault_t do_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma; struct page *page = NULL; int page_nid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int last_cpupid; int target_nid; bool migrated = false; pte_t pte, old_pte; bool was_writable = pte_savedwrite(vmf->orig_pte); int flags = 0; /* * The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without * validation through pte_unmap_same(). It's of NUMA type but * the pfn may be screwed if the read is non atomic. */ vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); goto out; } /* * Make it present again, Depending on how arch implementes non * accessible ptes, some can allow access by kernel mode. */ old_pte = ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); pte = pte_modify(old_pte, vma->vm_page_prot); pte = pte_mkyoung(pte); if (was_writable) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, old_pte, pte); update_mmu_cache(vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); page = vm_normal_page(vma, vmf->address, pte); if (!page) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* TODO: handle PTE-mapped THP */ if (PageCompound(page)) { pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * Avoid grouping on RO pages in general. RO pages shouldn't hurt as * much anyway since they can be in shared cache state. This misses * the case where a mapping is writable but the process never writes * to it but pte_write gets cleared during protection updates and * pte_dirty has unpredictable behaviour between PTE scan updates, * background writeback, dirty balancing and application behaviour. */ if (!pte_write(pte)) flags |= TNF_NO_GROUP; /* * Flag if the page is shared between multiple address spaces. This * is later used when determining whether to group tasks together */ if (page_mapcount(page) > 1 && (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)) flags |= TNF_SHARED; last_cpupid = page_cpupid_last(page); page_nid = page_to_nid(page); target_nid = numa_migrate_prep(page, vma, vmf->address, page_nid, &flags); pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); if (target_nid == NUMA_NO_NODE) { put_page(page); goto out; } /* Migrate to the requested node */ migrated = migrate_misplaced_page(page, vma, target_nid); if (migrated) { page_nid = target_nid; flags |= TNF_MIGRATED; } else flags |= TNF_MIGRATE_FAIL; out: if (page_nid != NUMA_NO_NODE) task_numa_fault(last_cpupid, page_nid, 1, flags); return 0; } static inline vm_fault_t create_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(vmf); if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* `inline' is required to avoid gcc 4.1.2 build error */ static inline vm_fault_t wp_huge_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) { if (userfaultfd_huge_pmd_wp(vmf->vma, orig_pmd)) return handle_userfault(vmf, VM_UFFD_WP); return do_huge_pmd_wp_page(vmf, orig_pmd); } if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PMD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } /* COW or write-notify handled on pte level: split pmd. */ __split_huge_pmd(vmf->vma, vmf->pmd, vmf->address, false, NULL); return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t create_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) goto split; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) { vm_fault_t ret = vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } split: /* COW or write-notify not handled on PUD level: split pud.*/ __split_huge_pud(vmf->vma, vmf->pud, vmf->address); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } static vm_fault_t wp_huge_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* No support for anonymous transparent PUD pages yet */ if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; if (vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault) return vmf->vma->vm_ops->huge_fault(vmf, PE_SIZE_PUD); #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK; } /* * These routines also need to handle stuff like marking pages dirty * and/or accessed for architectures that don't do it in hardware (most * RISC architectures). The early dirtying is also good on the i386. * * There is also a hook called "update_mmu_cache()" that architectures * with external mmu caches can use to update those (ie the Sparc or * PowerPC hashed page tables that act as extended TLBs). * * We enter with non-exclusive mmap_lock (to exclude vma changes, but allow * concurrent faults). * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our return value. * See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t handle_pte_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf) { pte_t entry; if (unlikely(pmd_none(*vmf->pmd))) { /* * Leave __pte_alloc() until later: because vm_ops->fault may * want to allocate huge page, and if we expose page table * for an instant, it will be difficult to retract from * concurrent faults and from rmap lookups. */ vmf->pte = NULL; } else { /* See comment in pte_alloc_one_map() */ if (pmd_devmap_trans_unstable(vmf->pmd)) return 0; /* * A regular pmd is established and it can't morph into a huge * pmd from under us anymore at this point because we hold the * mmap_lock read mode and khugepaged takes it in write mode. * So now it's safe to run pte_offset_map(). */ vmf->pte = pte_offset_map(vmf->pmd, vmf->address); vmf->orig_pte = *vmf->pte; /* * some architectures can have larger ptes than wordsize, * e.g.ppc44x-defconfig has CONFIG_PTE_64BIT=y and * CONFIG_32BIT=y, so READ_ONCE cannot guarantee atomic * accesses. The code below just needs a consistent view * for the ifs and we later double check anyway with the * ptl lock held. So here a barrier will do. */ barrier(); if (pte_none(vmf->orig_pte)) { pte_unmap(vmf->pte); vmf->pte = NULL; } } if (!vmf->pte) { if (vma_is_anonymous(vmf->vma)) return do_anonymous_page(vmf); else return do_fault(vmf); } if (!pte_present(vmf->orig_pte)) return do_swap_page(vmf); if (pte_protnone(vmf->orig_pte) && vma_is_accessible(vmf->vma)) return do_numa_page(vmf); vmf->ptl = pte_lockptr(vmf->vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); spin_lock(vmf->ptl); entry = vmf->orig_pte; if (unlikely(!pte_same(*vmf->pte, entry))) { update_mmu_tlb(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); goto unlock; } if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) { if (!pte_write(entry)) return do_wp_page(vmf); entry = pte_mkdirty(entry); } entry = pte_mkyoung(entry); if (ptep_set_access_flags(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte, entry, vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE)) { update_mmu_cache(vmf->vma, vmf->address, vmf->pte); } else { /* Skip spurious TLB flush for retried page fault */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED) goto unlock; /* * This is needed only for protection faults but the arch code * is not yet telling us if this is a protection fault or not. * This still avoids useless tlb flushes for .text page faults * with threads. */ if (vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vmf->vma, vmf->address); } unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(vmf->pte, vmf->ptl); return 0; } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ static vm_fault_t __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags) { struct vm_fault vmf = { .vma = vma, .address = address & PAGE_MASK, .flags = flags, .pgoff = linear_page_index(vma, address), .gfp_mask = __get_fault_gfp_mask(vma), }; unsigned int dirty = flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE; struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm; pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; vm_fault_t ret; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); p4d = p4d_alloc(mm, pgd, address); if (!p4d) return VM_FAULT_OOM; vmf.pud = pud_alloc(mm, p4d, address); if (!vmf.pud) return VM_FAULT_OOM; retry_pud: if (pud_none(*vmf.pud) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pud(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pud_t orig_pud = *vmf.pud; barrier(); if (pud_trans_huge(orig_pud) || pud_devmap(orig_pud)) { /* NUMA case for anonymous PUDs would go here */ if (dirty && !pud_write(orig_pud)) { ret = wp_huge_pud(&vmf, orig_pud); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pud_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pud); return 0; } } } vmf.pmd = pmd_alloc(mm, vmf.pud, address); if (!vmf.pmd) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* Huge pud page fault raced with pmd_alloc? */ if (pud_trans_unstable(vmf.pud)) goto retry_pud; if (pmd_none(*vmf.pmd) && __transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma)) { ret = create_huge_pmd(&vmf); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { pmd_t orig_pmd = *vmf.pmd; barrier(); if (unlikely(is_swap_pmd(orig_pmd))) { VM_BUG_ON(thp_migration_supported() && !is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)); if (is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)) pmd_migration_entry_wait(mm, vmf.pmd); return 0; } if (pmd_trans_huge(orig_pmd) || pmd_devmap(orig_pmd)) { if (pmd_protnone(orig_pmd) && vma_is_accessible(vma)) return do_huge_pmd_numa_page(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (dirty && !pmd_write(orig_pmd)) { ret = wp_huge_pmd(&vmf, orig_pmd); if (!(ret & VM_FAULT_FALLBACK)) return ret; } else { huge_pmd_set_accessed(&vmf, orig_pmd); return 0; } } } return handle_pte_fault(&vmf); } /** * mm_account_fault - Do page fault accountings * * @regs: the pt_regs struct pointer. When set to NULL, will skip accounting * of perf event counters, but we'll still do the per-task accounting to * the task who triggered this page fault. * @address: the faulted address. * @flags: the fault flags. * @ret: the fault retcode. * * This will take care of most of the page fault accountings. Meanwhile, it * will also include the PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_[MAJ|MIN] perf counter * updates. However note that the handling of PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS should * still be in per-arch page fault handlers at the entry of page fault. */ static inline void mm_account_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, vm_fault_t ret) { bool major; /* * We don't do accounting for some specific faults: * * - Unsuccessful faults (e.g. when the address wasn't valid). That * includes arch_vma_access_permitted() failing before reaching here. * So this is not a "this many hardware page faults" counter. We * should use the hw profiling for that. * * - Incomplete faults (VM_FAULT_RETRY). They will only be counted * once they're completed. */ if (ret & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_RETRY)) return; /* * We define the fault as a major fault when the final successful fault * is VM_FAULT_MAJOR, or if it retried (which implies that we couldn't * handle it immediately previously). */ major = (ret & VM_FAULT_MAJOR) || (flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED); if (major) current->maj_flt++; else current->min_flt++; /* * If the fault is done for GUP, regs will be NULL. We only do the * accounting for the per thread fault counters who triggered the * fault, and we skip the perf event updates. */ if (!regs) return; if (major) perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MAJ, 1, regs, address); else perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MIN, 1, regs, address); } /* * By the time we get here, we already hold the mm semaphore * * The mmap_lock may have been released depending on flags and our * return value. See filemap_fault() and __lock_page_or_retry(). */ vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { vm_fault_t ret; __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); count_vm_event(PGFAULT); count_memcg_event_mm(vma->vm_mm, PGFAULT); /* do counter updates before entering really critical section. */ check_sync_rss_stat(current); if (!arch_vma_access_permitted(vma, flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, flags & FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, flags & FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE)) return VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV; /* * Enable the memcg OOM handling for faults triggered in user * space. Kernel faults are handled more gracefully. */ if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) mem_cgroup_enter_user_fault(); if (unlikely(is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))) ret = hugetlb_fault(vma->vm_mm, vma, address, flags); else ret = __handle_mm_fault(vma, address, flags); if (flags & FAULT_FLAG_USER) { mem_cgroup_exit_user_fault(); /* * The task may have entered a memcg OOM situation but * if the allocation error was handled gracefully (no * VM_FAULT_OOM), there is no need to kill anything. * Just clean up the OOM state peacefully. */ if (task_in_memcg_oom(current) && !(ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)) mem_cgroup_oom_synchronize(false); } mm_account_fault(regs, address, flags, ret); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(handle_mm_fault); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED /* * Allocate p4d page table. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { p4d_t *new = p4d_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (pgd_present(*pgd)) /* Another has populated it */ p4d_free(mm, new); else pgd_populate(mm, pgd, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page upper directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { pud_t *new = pud_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); if (!p4d_present(*p4d)) { mm_inc_nr_puds(mm); p4d_populate(mm, p4d, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pud_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED */ #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED /* * Allocate page middle directory. * We've already handled the fast-path in-line. */ int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { spinlock_t *ptl; pmd_t *new = pmd_alloc_one(mm, address); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; smp_wmb(); /* See comment in __pte_alloc */ ptl = pud_lock(mm, pud); if (!pud_present(*pud)) { mm_inc_nr_pmds(mm); pud_populate(mm, pud, new); } else /* Another has populated it */ pmd_free(mm, new); spin_unlock(ptl); return 0; } #endif /* __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED */ int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { pgd_t *pgd; p4d_t *p4d; pud_t *pud; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *ptep; pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address); if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) goto out; p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, address); if (p4d_none(*p4d) || unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) goto out; pud = pud_offset(p4d, address); if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) goto out; pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address); VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { if (!pmdpp) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PMD_MASK, (address & PMD_MASK) + PMD_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } *ptlp = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (pmd_huge(*pmd)) { *pmdpp = pmd; return 0; } spin_unlock(*ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); } if (pmd_none(*pmd) || unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) goto out; if (range) { mmu_notifier_range_init(range, MMU_NOTIFY_CLEAR, 0, NULL, mm, address & PAGE_MASK, (address & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE); mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(range); } ptep = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, ptlp); if (!pte_present(*ptep)) goto unlock; *ptepp = ptep; return 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, *ptlp); if (range) mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(range); out: return -EINVAL; } /** * follow_pte - look up PTE at a user virtual address * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @address: user virtual address * @ptepp: location to store found PTE * @ptlp: location to store the lock for the PTE * * On a successful return, the pointer to the PTE is stored in @ptepp; * the corresponding lock is taken and its location is stored in @ptlp. * The contents of the PTE are only stable until @ptlp is released; * any further use, if any, must be protected against invalidation * with MMU notifiers. * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. The mmap semaphore * should be taken for read. * * KVM uses this function. While it is arguably less bad than ``follow_pfn``, * it is not a good general-purpose API. * * Return: zero on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp) { return follow_invalidate_pte(mm, address, NULL, ptepp, NULL, ptlp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(follow_pte); /** * follow_pfn - look up PFN at a user virtual address * @vma: memory mapping * @address: user virtual address * @pfn: location to store found PFN * * Only IO mappings and raw PFN mappings are allowed. * * This function does not allow the caller to read the permissions * of the PTE. Do not use it. * * Return: zero and the pfn at @pfn on success, -ve otherwise. */ int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn) { int ret = -EINVAL; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t *ptep; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) return ret; ret = follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl); if (ret) return ret; *pfn = pte_pfn(*ptep); pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(follow_pfn); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys) { int ret = -EINVAL; pte_t *ptep, pte; spinlock_t *ptl; if (!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP))) goto out; if (follow_pte(vma->vm_mm, address, &ptep, &ptl)) goto out; pte = *ptep; if ((flags & FOLL_WRITE) && !pte_write(pte)) goto unlock; *prot = pgprot_val(pte_pgprot(pte)); *phys = (resource_size_t)pte_pfn(pte) << PAGE_SHIFT; ret = 0; unlock: pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl); out: return ret; } int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write) { resource_size_t phys_addr; unsigned long prot = 0; void __iomem *maddr; int offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (follow_phys(vma, addr, write, &prot, &phys_addr)) return -EINVAL; maddr = ioremap_prot(phys_addr, PAGE_ALIGN(len + offset), prot); if (!maddr) return -ENOMEM; if (write) memcpy_toio(maddr + offset, buf, len); else memcpy_fromio(buf, maddr + offset, len); iounmap(maddr); return len; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(generic_access_phys); #endif /* * Access another process' address space as given in mm. If non-NULL, use the * given task for page fault accounting. */ int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; void *old_buf = buf; int write = gup_flags & FOLL_WRITE; if (mmap_read_lock_killable(mm)) return 0; /* ignore errors, just check how much was successfully transferred */ while (len) { int bytes, ret, offset; void *maddr; struct page *page = NULL; ret = get_user_pages_remote(mm, addr, 1, gup_flags, &page, &vma, NULL); if (ret <= 0) { #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_IOREMAP_PROT break; #else /* * Check if this is a VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP VMA, which * we can access using slightly different code. */ vma = find_vma(mm, addr); if (!vma || vma->vm_start > addr) break; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->access) ret = vma->vm_ops->access(vma, addr, buf, len, write); if (ret <= 0) break; bytes = ret; #endif } else { bytes = len; offset = addr & (PAGE_SIZE-1); if (bytes > PAGE_SIZE-offset) bytes = PAGE_SIZE-offset; maddr = kmap(page); if (write) { copy_to_user_page(vma, page, addr, maddr + offset, buf, bytes); set_page_dirty_lock(page); } else { copy_from_user_page(vma, page, addr, buf, maddr + offset, bytes); } kunmap(page); put_page(page); } len -= bytes; buf += bytes; addr += bytes; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); return buf - old_buf; } /** * access_remote_vm - access another process' address space * @mm: the mm_struct of the target address space * @addr: start address to access * @buf: source or destination buffer * @len: number of bytes to transfer * @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour * * The caller must hold a reference on @mm. * * Return: number of bytes copied from source to destination. */ int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { return __access_remote_vm(NULL, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); } /* * Access another process' address space. * Source/target buffer must be kernel space, * Do not walk the page table directly, use get_user_pages */ int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags) { struct mm_struct *mm; int ret; mm = get_task_mm(tsk); if (!mm) return 0; ret = __access_remote_vm(tsk, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags); mmput(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(access_process_vm); /* * Print the name of a VMA. */ void print_vma_addr(char *prefix, unsigned long ip) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* * we might be running from an atomic context so we cannot sleep */ if (!mmap_read_trylock(mm)) return; vma = find_vma(mm, ip); if (vma && vma->vm_file) { struct file *f = vma->vm_file; char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_NOWAIT); if (buf) { char *p; p = file_path(f, buf, PAGE_SIZE); if (IS_ERR(p)) p = "?"; printk("%s%s[%lx+%lx]", prefix, kbasename(p), vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } mmap_read_unlock(mm); } #if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) || defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) void __might_fault(const char *file, int line) { /* * Some code (nfs/sunrpc) uses socket ops on kernel memory while * holding the mmap_lock, this is safe because kernel memory doesn't * get paged out, therefore we'll never actually fault, and the * below annotations will generate false positives. */ if (uaccess_kernel()) return; if (pagefault_disabled()) return; __might_sleep(file, line, 0); #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) if (current->mm) might_lock_read(&current->mm->mmap_lock); #endif } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__might_fault); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS) /* * Process all subpages of the specified huge page with the specified * operation. The target subpage will be processed last to keep its * cache lines hot. */ static inline void process_huge_page( unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, void (*process_subpage)(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg), void *arg) { int i, n, base, l; unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); /* Process target subpage last to keep its cache lines hot */ might_sleep(); n = (addr_hint - addr) / PAGE_SIZE; if (2 * n <= pages_per_huge_page) { /* If target subpage in first half of huge page */ base = 0; l = n; /* Process subpages at the end of huge page */ for (i = pages_per_huge_page - 1; i >= 2 * n; i--) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } else { /* If target subpage in second half of huge page */ base = pages_per_huge_page - 2 * (pages_per_huge_page - n); l = pages_per_huge_page - n; /* Process subpages at the begin of huge page */ for (i = 0; i < base; i++) { cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, i, arg); } } /* * Process remaining subpages in left-right-left-right pattern * towards the target subpage */ for (i = 0; i < l; i++) { int left_idx = base + i; int right_idx = base + 2 * l - 1 - i; cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + left_idx * PAGE_SIZE, left_idx, arg); cond_resched(); process_subpage(addr + right_idx * PAGE_SIZE, right_idx, arg); } } static void clear_gigantic_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *p = page; might_sleep(); for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, p = mem_map_next(p, page, i)) { cond_resched(); clear_user_highpage(p, addr + i * PAGE_SIZE); } } static void clear_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct page *page = arg; clear_user_highpage(page + idx, addr); } void clear_huge_page(struct page *page, unsigned long addr_hint, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { clear_gigantic_page(page, addr, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, clear_subpage, page); } static void copy_user_gigantic_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { int i; struct page *dst_base = dst; struct page *src_base = src; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; ) { cond_resched(); copy_user_highpage(dst, src, addr + i*PAGE_SIZE, vma); i++; dst = mem_map_next(dst, dst_base, i); src = mem_map_next(src, src_base, i); } } struct copy_subpage_arg { struct page *dst; struct page *src; struct vm_area_struct *vma; }; static void copy_subpage(unsigned long addr, int idx, void *arg) { struct copy_subpage_arg *copy_arg = arg; copy_user_highpage(copy_arg->dst + idx, copy_arg->src + idx, addr, copy_arg->vma); } void copy_user_huge_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long addr_hint, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page) { unsigned long addr = addr_hint & ~(((unsigned long)pages_per_huge_page << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1); struct copy_subpage_arg arg = { .dst = dst, .src = src, .vma = vma, }; if (unlikely(pages_per_huge_page > MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES)) { copy_user_gigantic_page(dst, src, addr, vma, pages_per_huge_page); return; } process_huge_page(addr_hint, pages_per_huge_page, copy_subpage, &arg); } long copy_huge_page_from_user(struct page *dst_page, const void __user *usr_src, unsigned int pages_per_huge_page, bool allow_pagefault) { void *src = (void *)usr_src; void *page_kaddr; unsigned long i, rc = 0; unsigned long ret_val = pages_per_huge_page * PAGE_SIZE; struct page *subpage = dst_page; for (i = 0; i < pages_per_huge_page; i++, subpage = mem_map_next(subpage, dst_page, i)) { if (allow_pagefault) page_kaddr = kmap(subpage); else page_kaddr = kmap_atomic(subpage); rc = copy_from_user(page_kaddr, (const void __user *)(src + i * PAGE_SIZE), PAGE_SIZE); if (allow_pagefault) kunmap(subpage); else kunmap_atomic(page_kaddr); ret_val -= (PAGE_SIZE - rc); if (rc) break; cond_resched(); } return ret_val; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE || CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */ #if USE_SPLIT_PTE_PTLOCKS && ALLOC_SPLIT_PTLOCKS static struct kmem_cache *page_ptl_cachep; void __init ptlock_cache_init(void) { page_ptl_cachep = kmem_cache_create("page->ptl", sizeof(spinlock_t), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } bool ptlock_alloc(struct page *page) { spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = kmem_cache_alloc(page_ptl_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ptl) return false; page->ptl = ptl; return true; } void ptlock_free(struct page *page) { kmem_cache_free(page_ptl_cachep, page->ptl); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* thread_info.h: common low-level thread information accessors * * Copyright (C) 2002 David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) * - Incorporating suggestions made by Linus Torvalds */ #ifndef _LINUX_THREAD_INFO_H #define _LINUX_THREAD_INFO_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/restart_block.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* * For CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK kernels we need <asm/current.h> for the * definition of current, but for !CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK kernels, * including <asm/current.h> can cause a circular dependency on some platforms. */ #include <asm/current.h> #define current_thread_info() ((struct thread_info *)current) #endif #include <linux/bitops.h> /* * For per-arch arch_within_stack_frames() implementations, defined in * asm/thread_info.h. */ enum { BAD_STACK = -1, NOT_STACK = 0, GOOD_FRAME, GOOD_STACK, }; #include <asm/thread_info.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #ifndef arch_set_restart_data #define arch_set_restart_data(restart) do { } while (0) #endif static inline long set_restart_fn(struct restart_block *restart, long (*fn)(struct restart_block *)) { restart->fn = fn; arch_set_restart_data(restart); return -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK; } #ifndef THREAD_ALIGN #define THREAD_ALIGN THREAD_SIZE #endif #define THREADINFO_GFP (GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT | __GFP_ZERO) /* * flag set/clear/test wrappers * - pass TIF_xxxx constants to these functions */ static inline void set_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { set_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline void clear_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { clear_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline void update_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag, bool value) { if (value) set_ti_thread_flag(ti, flag); else clear_ti_thread_flag(ti, flag); } static inline int test_and_set_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { return test_and_set_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline int test_and_clear_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { return test_and_clear_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } static inline int test_ti_thread_flag(struct thread_info *ti, int flag) { return test_bit(flag, (unsigned long *)&ti->flags); } #define set_thread_flag(flag) \ set_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define clear_thread_flag(flag) \ clear_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define update_thread_flag(flag, value) \ update_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag, value) #define test_and_set_thread_flag(flag) \ test_and_set_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define test_and_clear_thread_flag(flag) \ test_and_clear_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define test_thread_flag(flag) \ test_ti_thread_flag(current_thread_info(), flag) #define tif_need_resched() test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_RESCHED) #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_WITHIN_STACK_FRAMES static inline int arch_within_stack_frames(const void * const stack, const void * const stackend, const void *obj, unsigned long len) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY extern void __check_object_size(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user); static __always_inline void check_object_size(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user) { if (!__builtin_constant_p(n)) __check_object_size(ptr, n, to_user); } #else static inline void check_object_size(const void *ptr, unsigned long n, bool to_user) { } #endif /* CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY */ extern void __compiletime_error("copy source size is too small") __bad_copy_from(void); extern void __compiletime_error("copy destination size is too small") __bad_copy_to(void); static inline void copy_overflow(int size, unsigned long count) { WARN(1, "Buffer overflow detected (%d < %lu)!\n", size, count); } static __always_inline __must_check bool check_copy_size(const void *addr, size_t bytes, bool is_source) { int sz = __compiletime_object_size(addr); if (unlikely(sz >= 0 && sz < bytes)) { if (!__builtin_constant_p(bytes)) copy_overflow(sz, bytes); else if (is_source) __bad_copy_from(); else __bad_copy_to(); return false; } if (WARN_ON_ONCE(bytes > INT_MAX)) return false; check_object_size(addr, bytes, is_source); return true; } #ifndef arch_setup_new_exec static inline void arch_setup_new_exec(void) { } #endif #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_THREAD_INFO_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NET_DST_OPS_H #define _NET_DST_OPS_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/cache.h> struct dst_entry; struct kmem_cachep; struct net_device; struct sk_buff; struct sock; struct net; struct dst_ops { unsigned short family; unsigned int gc_thresh; int (*gc)(struct dst_ops *ops); struct dst_entry * (*check)(struct dst_entry *, __u32 cookie); unsigned int (*default_advmss)(const struct dst_entry *); unsigned int (*mtu)(const struct dst_entry *); u32 * (*cow_metrics)(struct dst_entry *, unsigned long); void (*destroy)(struct dst_entry *); void (*ifdown)(struct dst_entry *, struct net_device *dev, int how); struct dst_entry * (*negative_advice)(struct dst_entry *); void (*link_failure)(struct sk_buff *); void (*update_pmtu)(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 mtu, bool confirm_neigh); void (*redirect)(struct dst_entry *dst, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int (*local_out)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct neighbour * (*neigh_lookup)(const struct dst_entry *dst, struct sk_buff *skb, const void *daddr); void (*confirm_neigh)(const struct dst_entry *dst, const void *daddr); struct kmem_cache *kmem_cachep; struct percpu_counter pcpuc_entries ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; }; static inline int dst_entries_get_fast(struct dst_ops *dst) { return percpu_counter_read_positive(&dst->pcpuc_entries); } static inline int dst_entries_get_slow(struct dst_ops *dst) { return percpu_counter_sum_positive(&dst->pcpuc_entries); } #define DST_PERCPU_COUNTER_BATCH 32 static inline void dst_entries_add(struct dst_ops *dst, int val) { percpu_counter_add_batch(&dst->pcpuc_entries, val, DST_PERCPU_COUNTER_BATCH); } static inline int dst_entries_init(struct dst_ops *dst) { return percpu_counter_init(&dst->pcpuc_entries, 0, GFP_KERNEL); } static inline void dst_entries_destroy(struct dst_ops *dst) { percpu_counter_destroy(&dst->pcpuc_entries); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_JUMP_LABEL_H #define _LINUX_JUMP_LABEL_H /* * Jump label support * * Copyright (C) 2009-2012 Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com> * Copyright (C) 2011-2012 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra * * DEPRECATED API: * * The use of 'struct static_key' directly, is now DEPRECATED. In addition * static_key_{true,false}() is also DEPRECATED. IE DO NOT use the following: * * struct static_key false = STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE; * struct static_key true = STATIC_KEY_INIT_TRUE; * static_key_true() * static_key_false() * * The updated API replacements are: * * DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(key); * DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(key); * DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_ARRAY_TRUE(keys, count); * DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_ARRAY_FALSE(keys, count); * static_branch_likely() * static_branch_unlikely() * * Jump labels provide an interface to generate dynamic branches using * self-modifying code. Assuming toolchain and architecture support, if we * define a "key" that is initially false via "DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(key)", * an "if (static_branch_unlikely(&key))" statement is an unconditional branch * (which defaults to false - and the true block is placed out of line). * Similarly, we can define an initially true key via * "DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(key)", and use it in the same * "if (static_branch_unlikely(&key))", in which case we will generate an * unconditional branch to the out-of-line true branch. Keys that are * initially true or false can be using in both static_branch_unlikely() * and static_branch_likely() statements. * * At runtime we can change the branch target by setting the key * to true via a call to static_branch_enable(), or false using * static_branch_disable(). If the direction of the branch is switched by * these calls then we run-time modify the branch target via a * no-op -> jump or jump -> no-op conversion. For example, for an * initially false key that is used in an "if (static_branch_unlikely(&key))" * statement, setting the key to true requires us to patch in a jump * to the out-of-line of true branch. * * In addition to static_branch_{enable,disable}, we can also reference count * the key or branch direction via static_branch_{inc,dec}. Thus, * static_branch_inc() can be thought of as a 'make more true' and * static_branch_dec() as a 'make more false'. * * Since this relies on modifying code, the branch modifying functions * must be considered absolute slow paths (machine wide synchronization etc.). * OTOH, since the affected branches are unconditional, their runtime overhead * will be absolutely minimal, esp. in the default (off) case where the total * effect is a single NOP of appropriate size. The on case will patch in a jump * to the out-of-line block. * * When the control is directly exposed to userspace, it is prudent to delay the * decrement to avoid high frequency code modifications which can (and do) * cause significant performance degradation. Struct static_key_deferred and * static_key_slow_dec_deferred() provide for this. * * Lacking toolchain and or architecture support, static keys fall back to a * simple conditional branch. * * Additional babbling in: Documentation/staging/static-keys.rst */ #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> extern bool static_key_initialized; #define STATIC_KEY_CHECK_USE(key) WARN(!static_key_initialized, \ "%s(): static key '%pS' used before call to jump_label_init()", \ __func__, (key)) #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL struct static_key { atomic_t enabled; /* * Note: * To make anonymous unions work with old compilers, the static * initialization of them requires brackets. This creates a dependency * on the order of the struct with the initializers. If any fields * are added, STATIC_KEY_INIT_TRUE and STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE may need * to be modified. * * bit 0 => 1 if key is initially true * 0 if initially false * bit 1 => 1 if points to struct static_key_mod * 0 if points to struct jump_entry */ union { unsigned long type; struct jump_entry *entries; struct static_key_mod *next; }; }; #else struct static_key { atomic_t enabled; }; #endif /* CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL #include <asm/jump_label.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_JUMP_LABEL_RELATIVE struct jump_entry { s32 code; s32 target; long key; // key may be far away from the core kernel under KASLR }; static inline unsigned long jump_entry_code(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return (unsigned long)&entry->code + entry->code; } static inline unsigned long jump_entry_target(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return (unsigned long)&entry->target + entry->target; } static inline struct static_key *jump_entry_key(const struct jump_entry *entry) { long offset = entry->key & ~3L; return (struct static_key *)((unsigned long)&entry->key + offset); } #else static inline unsigned long jump_entry_code(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return entry->code; } static inline unsigned long jump_entry_target(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return entry->target; } static inline struct static_key *jump_entry_key(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return (struct static_key *)((unsigned long)entry->key & ~3UL); } #endif static inline bool jump_entry_is_branch(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry->key & 1UL; } static inline bool jump_entry_is_init(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry->key & 2UL; } static inline void jump_entry_set_init(struct jump_entry *entry) { entry->key |= 2; } #endif #endif #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ enum jump_label_type { JUMP_LABEL_NOP = 0, JUMP_LABEL_JMP, }; struct module; #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL #define JUMP_TYPE_FALSE 0UL #define JUMP_TYPE_TRUE 1UL #define JUMP_TYPE_LINKED 2UL #define JUMP_TYPE_MASK 3UL static __always_inline bool static_key_false(struct static_key *key) { return arch_static_branch(key, false); } static __always_inline bool static_key_true(struct static_key *key) { return !arch_static_branch(key, true); } extern struct jump_entry __start___jump_table[]; extern struct jump_entry __stop___jump_table[]; extern void jump_label_init(void); extern void jump_label_lock(void); extern void jump_label_unlock(void); extern void arch_jump_label_transform(struct jump_entry *entry, enum jump_label_type type); extern void arch_jump_label_transform_static(struct jump_entry *entry, enum jump_label_type type); extern bool arch_jump_label_transform_queue(struct jump_entry *entry, enum jump_label_type type); extern void arch_jump_label_transform_apply(void); extern int jump_label_text_reserved(void *start, void *end); extern void static_key_slow_inc(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_slow_dec(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_slow_inc_cpuslocked(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_slow_dec_cpuslocked(struct static_key *key); extern void jump_label_apply_nops(struct module *mod); extern int static_key_count(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_enable(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_disable(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_enable_cpuslocked(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_disable_cpuslocked(struct static_key *key); /* * We should be using ATOMIC_INIT() for initializing .enabled, but * the inclusion of atomic.h is problematic for inclusion of jump_label.h * in 'low-level' headers. Thus, we are initializing .enabled with a * raw value, but have added a BUILD_BUG_ON() to catch any issues in * jump_label_init() see: kernel/jump_label.c. */ #define STATIC_KEY_INIT_TRUE \ { .enabled = { 1 }, \ { .entries = (void *)JUMP_TYPE_TRUE } } #define STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE \ { .enabled = { 0 }, \ { .entries = (void *)JUMP_TYPE_FALSE } } #else /* !CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL */ #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/bug.h> static inline int static_key_count(struct static_key *key) { return atomic_read(&key->enabled); } static __always_inline void jump_label_init(void) { static_key_initialized = true; } static __always_inline bool static_key_false(struct static_key *key) { if (unlikely(static_key_count(key) > 0)) return true; return false; } static __always_inline bool static_key_true(struct static_key *key) { if (likely(static_key_count(key) > 0)) return true; return false; } static inline void static_key_slow_inc(struct static_key *key) { STATIC_KEY_CHECK_USE(key); atomic_inc(&key->enabled); } static inline void static_key_slow_dec(struct static_key *key) { STATIC_KEY_CHECK_USE(key); atomic_dec(&key->enabled); } #define static_key_slow_inc_cpuslocked(key) static_key_slow_inc(key) #define static_key_slow_dec_cpuslocked(key) static_key_slow_dec(key) static inline int jump_label_text_reserved(void *start, void *end) { return 0; } static inline void jump_label_lock(void) {} static inline void jump_label_unlock(void) {} static inline int jump_label_apply_nops(struct module *mod) { return 0; } static inline void static_key_enable(struct static_key *key) { STATIC_KEY_CHECK_USE(key); if (atomic_read(&key->enabled) != 0) { WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&key->enabled) != 1); return; } atomic_set(&key->enabled, 1); } static inline void static_key_disable(struct static_key *key) { STATIC_KEY_CHECK_USE(key); if (atomic_read(&key->enabled) != 1) { WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&key->enabled) != 0); return; } atomic_set(&key->enabled, 0); } #define static_key_enable_cpuslocked(k) static_key_enable((k)) #define static_key_disable_cpuslocked(k) static_key_disable((k)) #define STATIC_KEY_INIT_TRUE { .enabled = ATOMIC_INIT(1) } #define STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE { .enabled = ATOMIC_INIT(0) } #endif /* CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL */ #define STATIC_KEY_INIT STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE #define jump_label_enabled static_key_enabled /* -------------------------------------------------------------------------- */ /* * Two type wrappers around static_key, such that we can use compile time * type differentiation to emit the right code. * * All the below code is macros in order to play type games. */ struct static_key_true { struct static_key key; }; struct static_key_false { struct static_key key; }; #define STATIC_KEY_TRUE_INIT (struct static_key_true) { .key = STATIC_KEY_INIT_TRUE, } #define STATIC_KEY_FALSE_INIT (struct static_key_false){ .key = STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE, } #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(name) \ struct static_key_true name = STATIC_KEY_TRUE_INIT #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE_RO(name) \ struct static_key_true name __ro_after_init = STATIC_KEY_TRUE_INIT #define DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(name) \ extern struct static_key_true name #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(name) \ struct static_key_false name = STATIC_KEY_FALSE_INIT #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE_RO(name) \ struct static_key_false name __ro_after_init = STATIC_KEY_FALSE_INIT #define DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(name) \ extern struct static_key_false name #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_ARRAY_TRUE(name, count) \ struct static_key_true name[count] = { \ [0 ... (count) - 1] = STATIC_KEY_TRUE_INIT, \ } #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_ARRAY_FALSE(name, count) \ struct static_key_false name[count] = { \ [0 ... (count) - 1] = STATIC_KEY_FALSE_INIT, \ } extern bool ____wrong_branch_error(void); #define static_key_enabled(x) \ ({ \ if (!__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key) && \ !__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_true) &&\ !__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_false)) \ ____wrong_branch_error(); \ static_key_count((struct static_key *)x) > 0; \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL /* * Combine the right initial value (type) with the right branch order * to generate the desired result. * * * type\branch| likely (1) | unlikely (0) * -----------+-----------------------+------------------ * | | * true (1) | ... | ... * | NOP | JMP L * | <br-stmts> | 1: ... * | L: ... | * | | * | | L: <br-stmts> * | | jmp 1b * | | * -----------+-----------------------+------------------ * | | * false (0) | ... | ... * | JMP L | NOP * | <br-stmts> | 1: ... * | L: ... | * | | * | | L: <br-stmts> * | | jmp 1b * | | * -----------+-----------------------+------------------ * * The initial value is encoded in the LSB of static_key::entries, * type: 0 = false, 1 = true. * * The branch type is encoded in the LSB of jump_entry::key, * branch: 0 = unlikely, 1 = likely. * * This gives the following logic table: * * enabled type branch instuction * -----------------------------+----------- * 0 0 0 | NOP * 0 0 1 | JMP * 0 1 0 | NOP * 0 1 1 | JMP * * 1 0 0 | JMP * 1 0 1 | NOP * 1 1 0 | JMP * 1 1 1 | NOP * * Which gives the following functions: * * dynamic: instruction = enabled ^ branch * static: instruction = type ^ branch * * See jump_label_type() / jump_label_init_type(). */ #define static_branch_likely(x) \ ({ \ bool branch; \ if (__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_true)) \ branch = !arch_static_branch(&(x)->key, true); \ else if (__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_false)) \ branch = !arch_static_branch_jump(&(x)->key, true); \ else \ branch = ____wrong_branch_error(); \ likely(branch); \ }) #define static_branch_unlikely(x) \ ({ \ bool branch; \ if (__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_true)) \ branch = arch_static_branch_jump(&(x)->key, false); \ else if (__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_false)) \ branch = arch_static_branch(&(x)->key, false); \ else \ branch = ____wrong_branch_error(); \ unlikely(branch); \ }) #else /* !CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL */ #define static_branch_likely(x) likely(static_key_enabled(&(x)->key)) #define static_branch_unlikely(x) unlikely(static_key_enabled(&(x)->key)) #endif /* CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL */ /* * Advanced usage; refcount, branch is enabled when: count != 0 */ #define static_branch_inc(x) static_key_slow_inc(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_dec(x) static_key_slow_dec(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_inc_cpuslocked(x) static_key_slow_inc_cpuslocked(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_dec_cpuslocked(x) static_key_slow_dec_cpuslocked(&(x)->key) /* * Normal usage; boolean enable/disable. */ #define static_branch_enable(x) static_key_enable(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_disable(x) static_key_disable(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_enable_cpuslocked(x) static_key_enable_cpuslocked(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_disable_cpuslocked(x) static_key_disable_cpuslocked(&(x)->key) #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_JUMP_LABEL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note */ /* * include/linux/eventpoll.h ( Efficient event polling implementation ) * Copyright (C) 2001,...,2006 Davide Libenzi * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or * (at your option) any later version. * * Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> * */ #ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H #define _UAPI_LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H /* For O_CLOEXEC */ #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/types.h> /* Flags for epoll_create1. */ #define EPOLL_CLOEXEC O_CLOEXEC /* Valid opcodes to issue to sys_epoll_ctl() */ #define EPOLL_CTL_ADD 1 #define EPOLL_CTL_DEL 2 #define EPOLL_CTL_MOD 3 /* Epoll event masks */ #define EPOLLIN (__force __poll_t)0x00000001 #define EPOLLPRI (__force __poll_t)0x00000002 #define EPOLLOUT (__force __poll_t)0x00000004 #define EPOLLERR (__force __poll_t)0x00000008 #define EPOLLHUP (__force __poll_t)0x00000010 #define EPOLLNVAL (__force __poll_t)0x00000020 #define EPOLLRDNORM (__force __poll_t)0x00000040 #define EPOLLRDBAND (__force __poll_t)0x00000080 #define EPOLLWRNORM (__force __poll_t)0x00000100 #define EPOLLWRBAND (__force __poll_t)0x00000200 #define EPOLLMSG (__force __poll_t)0x00000400 #define EPOLLRDHUP (__force __poll_t)0x00002000 /* Set exclusive wakeup mode for the target file descriptor */ #define EPOLLEXCLUSIVE ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 28)) /* * Request the handling of system wakeup events so as to prevent system suspends * from happening while those events are being processed. * * Assuming neither EPOLLET nor EPOLLONESHOT is set, system suspends will not be * re-allowed until epoll_wait is called again after consuming the wakeup * event(s). * * Requires CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND */ #define EPOLLWAKEUP ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 29)) /* Set the One Shot behaviour for the target file descriptor */ #define EPOLLONESHOT ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 30)) /* Set the Edge Triggered behaviour for the target file descriptor */ #define EPOLLET ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 31)) /* * On x86-64 make the 64bit structure have the same alignment as the * 32bit structure. This makes 32bit emulation easier. * * UML/x86_64 needs the same packing as x86_64 */ #ifdef __x86_64__ #define EPOLL_PACKED __attribute__((packed)) #else #define EPOLL_PACKED #endif struct epoll_event { __poll_t events; __u64 data; } EPOLL_PACKED; #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP static inline void ep_take_care_of_epollwakeup(struct epoll_event *epev) { if ((epev->events & EPOLLWAKEUP) && !capable(CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND)) epev->events &= ~EPOLLWAKEUP; } #else static inline void ep_take_care_of_epollwakeup(struct epoll_event *epev) { epev->events &= ~EPOLLWAKEUP; } #endif #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_BSEARCH_H #define _LINUX_BSEARCH_H #include <linux/types.h> static __always_inline void *__inline_bsearch(const void *key, const void *base, size_t num, size_t size, cmp_func_t cmp) { const char *pivot; int result; while (num > 0) { pivot = base + (num >> 1) * size; result = cmp(key, pivot); if (result == 0) return (void *)pivot; if (result > 0) { base = pivot + size; num--; } num >>= 1; } return NULL; } extern void *bsearch(const void *key, const void *base, size_t num, size_t size, cmp_func_t cmp); #endif /* _LINUX_BSEARCH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * SR-IPv6 implementation * * Author: * David Lebrun <david.lebrun@uclouvain.be> */ #ifndef _NET_SEG6_H #define _NET_SEG6_H #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/seg6.h> #include <linux/rhashtable-types.h> static inline void update_csum_diff4(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 from, __be32 to) { __be32 diff[] = { ~from, to }; skb->csum = ~csum_partial((char *)diff, sizeof(diff), ~skb->csum); } static inline void update_csum_diff16(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 *from, __be32 *to) { __be32 diff[] = { ~from[0], ~from[1], ~from[2], ~from[3], to[0], to[1], to[2], to[3], }; skb->csum = ~csum_partial((char *)diff, sizeof(diff), ~skb->csum); } struct seg6_pernet_data { struct mutex lock; struct in6_addr __rcu *tun_src; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_SEG6_HMAC struct rhashtable hmac_infos; #endif }; static inline struct seg6_pernet_data *seg6_pernet(struct net *net) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) return net->ipv6.seg6_data; #else return NULL; #endif } extern int seg6_init(void); extern void seg6_exit(void); extern int seg6_iptunnel_init(void); extern void seg6_iptunnel_exit(void); extern int seg6_local_init(void); extern void seg6_local_exit(void); extern bool seg6_validate_srh(struct ipv6_sr_hdr *srh, int len, bool reduced); extern int seg6_do_srh_encap(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_sr_hdr *osrh, int proto); extern int seg6_do_srh_inline(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ipv6_sr_hdr *osrh); extern int seg6_lookup_nexthop(struct sk_buff *skb, struct in6_addr *nhaddr, u32 tbl_id); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_HWEIGHT_H #define _ASM_X86_HWEIGHT_H #include <asm/cpufeatures.h> #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT #define REG_IN "D" #define REG_OUT "a" #else #define REG_IN "a" #define REG_OUT "a" #endif static __always_inline unsigned int __arch_hweight32(unsigned int w) { unsigned int res; asm (ALTERNATIVE("call __sw_hweight32", "popcntl %1, %0", X86_FEATURE_POPCNT) : "="REG_OUT (res) : REG_IN (w)); return res; } static inline unsigned int __arch_hweight16(unsigned int w) { return __arch_hweight32(w & 0xffff); } static inline unsigned int __arch_hweight8(unsigned int w) { return __arch_hweight32(w & 0xff); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 static inline unsigned long __arch_hweight64(__u64 w) { return __arch_hweight32((u32)w) + __arch_hweight32((u32)(w >> 32)); } #else static __always_inline unsigned long __arch_hweight64(__u64 w) { unsigned long res; asm (ALTERNATIVE("call __sw_hweight64", "popcntq %1, %0", X86_FEATURE_POPCNT) : "="REG_OUT (res) : REG_IN (w)); return res; } #endif /* CONFIG_X86_32 */ #endif
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 /* * Performance events x86 architecture header * * Copyright (C) 2008 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * Copyright (C) 2009 Jaswinder Singh Rajput * Copyright (C) 2009 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., Robert Richter * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra * Copyright (C) 2009 Intel Corporation, <markus.t.metzger@intel.com> * Copyright (C) 2009 Google, Inc., Stephane Eranian * * For licencing details see kernel-base/COPYING */ #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <asm/intel_ds.h> /* To enable MSR tracing please use the generic trace points. */ /* * | NHM/WSM | SNB | * register ------------------------------- * | HT | no HT | HT | no HT | *----------------------------------------- * offcore | core | core | cpu | core | * lbr_sel | core | core | cpu | core | * ld_lat | cpu | core | cpu | core | *----------------------------------------- * * Given that there is a small number of shared regs, * we can pre-allocate their slot in the per-cpu * per-core reg tables. */ enum extra_reg_type { EXTRA_REG_NONE = -1, /* not used */ EXTRA_REG_RSP_0 = 0, /* offcore_response_0 */ EXTRA_REG_RSP_1 = 1, /* offcore_response_1 */ EXTRA_REG_LBR = 2, /* lbr_select */ EXTRA_REG_LDLAT = 3, /* ld_lat_threshold */ EXTRA_REG_FE = 4, /* fe_* */ EXTRA_REG_MAX /* number of entries needed */ }; struct event_constraint { union { unsigned long idxmsk[BITS_TO_LONGS(X86_PMC_IDX_MAX)]; u64 idxmsk64; }; u64 code; u64 cmask; int weight; int overlap; int flags; unsigned int size; }; static inline bool constraint_match(struct event_constraint *c, u64 ecode) { return ((ecode & c->cmask) - c->code) <= (u64)c->size; } /* * struct hw_perf_event.flags flags */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LDLAT 0x0001 /* ld+ldlat data address sampling */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST 0x0002 /* st data address sampling */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST_HSW 0x0004 /* haswell style datala, store */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW 0x0008 /* haswell style datala, load */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_NA_HSW 0x0010 /* haswell style datala, unknown */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL 0x0020 /* HT exclusivity on counter */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_DYNAMIC 0x0040 /* dynamic alloc'd constraint */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_RDPMC_ALLOWED 0x0080 /* grant rdpmc permission */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL_ACCT 0x0100 /* accounted EXCL event */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_AUTO_RELOAD 0x0200 /* use PEBS auto-reload */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_LARGE_PEBS 0x0400 /* use large PEBS */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_VIA_PT 0x0800 /* use PT buffer for PEBS */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PAIR 0x1000 /* Large Increment per Cycle */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_LBR_SELECT 0x2000 /* Save/Restore MSR_LBR_SELECT */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_TOPDOWN 0x4000 /* Count Topdown slots/metrics events */ static inline bool is_topdown_count(struct perf_event *event) { return event->hw.flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_TOPDOWN; } static inline bool is_metric_event(struct perf_event *event) { u64 config = event->attr.config; return ((config & ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT) == 0) && ((config & INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) >= INTEL_TD_METRIC_RETIRING) && ((config & INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) <= INTEL_TD_METRIC_MAX); } static inline bool is_slots_event(struct perf_event *event) { return (event->attr.config & INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) == INTEL_TD_SLOTS; } static inline bool is_topdown_event(struct perf_event *event) { return is_metric_event(event) || is_slots_event(event); } struct amd_nb { int nb_id; /* NorthBridge id */ int refcnt; /* reference count */ struct perf_event *owners[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; struct event_constraint event_constraints[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; }; #define PEBS_COUNTER_MASK ((1ULL << MAX_PEBS_EVENTS) - 1) #define PEBS_PMI_AFTER_EACH_RECORD BIT_ULL(60) #define PEBS_OUTPUT_OFFSET 61 #define PEBS_OUTPUT_MASK (3ull << PEBS_OUTPUT_OFFSET) #define PEBS_OUTPUT_PT (1ull << PEBS_OUTPUT_OFFSET) #define PEBS_VIA_PT_MASK (PEBS_OUTPUT_PT | PEBS_PMI_AFTER_EACH_RECORD) /* * Flags PEBS can handle without an PMI. * * TID can only be handled by flushing at context switch. * REGS_USER can be handled for events limited to ring 3. * */ #define LARGE_PEBS_FLAGS \ (PERF_SAMPLE_IP | PERF_SAMPLE_TID | PERF_SAMPLE_ADDR | \ PERF_SAMPLE_ID | PERF_SAMPLE_CPU | PERF_SAMPLE_STREAM_ID | \ PERF_SAMPLE_DATA_SRC | PERF_SAMPLE_IDENTIFIER | \ PERF_SAMPLE_TRANSACTION | PERF_SAMPLE_PHYS_ADDR | \ PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_INTR | PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_USER | \ PERF_SAMPLE_PERIOD) #define PEBS_GP_REGS \ ((1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_AX) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_BX) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_CX) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_DX) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_DI) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_SI) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_SP) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_BP) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_IP) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_FLAGS) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R8) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R9) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R10) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R11) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R12) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R13) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R14) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R15)) /* * Per register state. */ struct er_account { raw_spinlock_t lock; /* per-core: protect structure */ u64 config; /* extra MSR config */ u64 reg; /* extra MSR number */ atomic_t ref; /* reference count */ }; /* * Per core/cpu state * * Used to coordinate shared registers between HT threads or * among events on a single PMU. */ struct intel_shared_regs { struct er_account regs[EXTRA_REG_MAX]; int refcnt; /* per-core: #HT threads */ unsigned core_id; /* per-core: core id */ }; enum intel_excl_state_type { INTEL_EXCL_UNUSED = 0, /* counter is unused */ INTEL_EXCL_SHARED = 1, /* counter can be used by both threads */ INTEL_EXCL_EXCLUSIVE = 2, /* counter can be used by one thread only */ }; struct intel_excl_states { enum intel_excl_state_type state[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; bool sched_started; /* true if scheduling has started */ }; struct intel_excl_cntrs { raw_spinlock_t lock; struct intel_excl_states states[2]; union { u16 has_exclusive[2]; u32 exclusive_present; }; int refcnt; /* per-core: #HT threads */ unsigned core_id; /* per-core: core id */ }; struct x86_perf_task_context; #define MAX_LBR_ENTRIES 32 enum { LBR_FORMAT_32 = 0x00, LBR_FORMAT_LIP = 0x01, LBR_FORMAT_EIP = 0x02, LBR_FORMAT_EIP_FLAGS = 0x03, LBR_FORMAT_EIP_FLAGS2 = 0x04, LBR_FORMAT_INFO = 0x05, LBR_FORMAT_TIME = 0x06, LBR_FORMAT_MAX_KNOWN = LBR_FORMAT_TIME, }; enum { X86_PERF_KFREE_SHARED = 0, X86_PERF_KFREE_EXCL = 1, X86_PERF_KFREE_MAX }; struct cpu_hw_events { /* * Generic x86 PMC bits */ struct perf_event *events[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; /* in counter order */ unsigned long active_mask[BITS_TO_LONGS(X86_PMC_IDX_MAX)]; unsigned long running[BITS_TO_LONGS(X86_PMC_IDX_MAX)]; int enabled; int n_events; /* the # of events in the below arrays */ int n_added; /* the # last events in the below arrays; they've never been enabled yet */ int n_txn; /* the # last events in the below arrays; added in the current transaction */ int n_txn_pair; int n_txn_metric; int assign[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; /* event to counter assignment */ u64 tags[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; struct perf_event *event_list[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; /* in enabled order */ struct event_constraint *event_constraint[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; int n_excl; /* the number of exclusive events */ unsigned int txn_flags; int is_fake; /* * Intel DebugStore bits */ struct debug_store *ds; void *ds_pebs_vaddr; void *ds_bts_vaddr; u64 pebs_enabled; int n_pebs; int n_large_pebs; int n_pebs_via_pt; int pebs_output; /* Current super set of events hardware configuration */ u64 pebs_data_cfg; u64 active_pebs_data_cfg; int pebs_record_size; /* * Intel LBR bits */ int lbr_users; int lbr_pebs_users; struct perf_branch_stack lbr_stack; struct perf_branch_entry lbr_entries[MAX_LBR_ENTRIES]; union { struct er_account *lbr_sel; struct er_account *lbr_ctl; }; u64 br_sel; void *last_task_ctx; int last_log_id; int lbr_select; void *lbr_xsave; /* * Intel host/guest exclude bits */ u64 intel_ctrl_guest_mask; u64 intel_ctrl_host_mask; struct perf_guest_switch_msr guest_switch_msrs[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; /* * Intel checkpoint mask */ u64 intel_cp_status; /* * manage shared (per-core, per-cpu) registers * used on Intel NHM/WSM/SNB */ struct intel_shared_regs *shared_regs; /* * manage exclusive counter access between hyperthread */ struct event_constraint *constraint_list; /* in enable order */ struct intel_excl_cntrs *excl_cntrs; int excl_thread_id; /* 0 or 1 */ /* * SKL TSX_FORCE_ABORT shadow */ u64 tfa_shadow; /* * Perf Metrics */ /* number of accepted metrics events */ int n_metric; /* * AMD specific bits */ struct amd_nb *amd_nb; /* Inverted mask of bits to clear in the perf_ctr ctrl registers */ u64 perf_ctr_virt_mask; int n_pair; /* Large increment events */ void *kfree_on_online[X86_PERF_KFREE_MAX]; struct pmu *pmu; }; #define __EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, m, w, o, f) { \ { .idxmsk64 = (n) }, \ .code = (c), \ .size = (e) - (c), \ .cmask = (m), \ .weight = (w), \ .overlap = (o), \ .flags = f, \ } #define __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, m, w, o, f) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, c, n, m, w, o, f) #define EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, m) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, m, HWEIGHT(n), 0, 0) /* * The constraint_match() function only works for 'simple' event codes * and not for extended (AMD64_EVENTSEL_EVENT) events codes. */ #define EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, m) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, m, HWEIGHT(n), 0, 0) #define INTEL_EXCLEVT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT, HWEIGHT(n),\ 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) /* * The overlap flag marks event constraints with overlapping counter * masks. This is the case if the counter mask of such an event is not * a subset of any other counter mask of a constraint with an equal or * higher weight, e.g.: * * c_overlaps = EVENT_CONSTRAINT_OVERLAP(0, 0x09, 0); * c_another1 = EVENT_CONSTRAINT(0, 0x07, 0); * c_another2 = EVENT_CONSTRAINT(0, 0x38, 0); * * The event scheduler may not select the correct counter in the first * cycle because it needs to know which subsequent events will be * scheduled. It may fail to schedule the events then. So we set the * overlap flag for such constraints to give the scheduler a hint which * events to select for counter rescheduling. * * Care must be taken as the rescheduling algorithm is O(n!) which * will increase scheduling cycles for an over-committed system * dramatically. The number of such EVENT_CONSTRAINT_OVERLAP() macros * and its counter masks must be kept at a minimum. */ #define EVENT_CONSTRAINT_OVERLAP(c, n, m) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, m, HWEIGHT(n), 1, 0) /* * Constraint on the Event code. */ #define INTEL_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT) /* * Constraint on a range of Event codes */ #define INTEL_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT) /* * Constraint on the Event code + UMask + fixed-mask * * filter mask to validate fixed counter events. * the following filters disqualify for fixed counters: * - inv * - edge * - cnt-mask * - in_tx * - in_tx_checkpointed * The other filters are supported by fixed counters. * The any-thread option is supported starting with v3. */ #define FIXED_EVENT_FLAGS (X86_RAW_EVENT_MASK|HSW_IN_TX|HSW_IN_TX_CHECKPOINTED) #define FIXED_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, (1ULL << (32+n)), FIXED_EVENT_FLAGS) /* * The special metric counters do not actually exist. They are calculated from * the combination of the FxCtr3 + MSR_PERF_METRICS. * * The special metric counters are mapped to a dummy offset for the scheduler. * The sharing between multiple users of the same metric without multiplexing * is not allowed, even though the hardware supports that in principle. */ #define METRIC_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, (1ULL << (INTEL_PMC_IDX_METRIC_BASE + n)), \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) /* * Constraint on the Event code + UMask */ #define INTEL_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) /* Constraint on specific umask bit only + event */ #define INTEL_UBIT_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|(c)) /* Like UEVENT_CONSTRAINT, but match flags too */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS) #define INTEL_EXCLUEVT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) #define INTEL_PLD_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LDLAT) #define INTEL_PST_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST) /* Event constraint, but match on all event flags too. */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS) #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS) /* Check only flags, but allow all event/umask */ #define INTEL_ALL_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS) /* Check flags and event code, and set the HSW store flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_ST(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST_HSW) /* Check flags and event code, and set the HSW load flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_LD(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW) #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_LD_RANGE(code, end