1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * * Generic internet FLOW. * */ #ifndef _NET_FLOW_H #define _NET_FLOW_H #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> /* * ifindex generation is per-net namespace, and loopback is * always the 1st device in ns (see net_dev_init), thus any * loopback device should get ifindex 1 */ #define LOOPBACK_IFINDEX 1 struct flowi_tunnel { __be64 tun_id; }; struct flowi_common { int flowic_oif; int flowic_iif; __u32 flowic_mark; __u8 flowic_tos; __u8 flowic_scope; __u8 flowic_proto; __u8 flowic_flags; #define FLOWI_FLAG_ANYSRC 0x01 #define FLOWI_FLAG_KNOWN_NH 0x02 #define FLOWI_FLAG_SKIP_NH_OIF 0x04 __u32 flowic_secid; kuid_t flowic_uid; struct flowi_tunnel flowic_tun_key; __u32 flowic_multipath_hash; }; union flowi_uli { struct { __be16 dport; __be16 sport; } ports; struct { __u8 type; __u8 code; } icmpt; struct { __le16 dport; __le16 sport; } dnports; __be32 spi; __be32 gre_key; struct { __u8 type; } mht; }; struct flowi4 { struct flowi_common __fl_common; #define flowi4_oif __fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowi4_iif __fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowi4_mark __fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowi4_tos __fl_common.flowic_tos #define flowi4_scope __fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowi4_proto __fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowi4_flags __fl_common.flowic_flags #define flowi4_secid __fl_common.flowic_secid #define flowi4_tun_key __fl_common.flowic_tun_key #define flowi4_uid __fl_common.flowic_uid #define flowi4_multipath_hash __fl_common.flowic_multipath_hash /* (saddr,daddr) must be grouped, same order as in IP header */ __be32 saddr; __be32 daddr; union flowi_uli uli; #define fl4_sport uli.ports.sport #define fl4_dport uli.ports.dport #define fl4_icmp_type uli.icmpt.type #define fl4_icmp_code uli.icmpt.code #define fl4_ipsec_spi uli.spi #define fl4_mh_type uli.mht.type #define fl4_gre_key uli.gre_key } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); static inline void flowi4_init_output(struct flowi4 *fl4, int oif, __u32 mark, __u8 tos, __u8 scope, __u8 proto, __u8 flags, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, __be16 dport, __be16 sport, kuid_t uid) { fl4->flowi4_oif = oif; fl4->flowi4_iif = LOOPBACK_IFINDEX; fl4->flowi4_mark = mark; fl4->flowi4_tos = tos; fl4->flowi4_scope = scope; fl4->flowi4_proto = proto; fl4->flowi4_flags = flags; fl4->flowi4_secid = 0; fl4->flowi4_tun_key.tun_id = 0; fl4->flowi4_uid = uid; fl4->daddr = daddr; fl4->saddr = saddr; fl4->fl4_dport = dport; fl4->fl4_sport = sport; fl4->flowi4_multipath_hash = 0; } /* Reset some input parameters after previous lookup */ static inline void flowi4_update_output(struct flowi4 *fl4, int oif, __u8 tos, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr) { fl4->flowi4_oif = oif; fl4->flowi4_tos = tos; fl4->daddr = daddr; fl4->saddr = saddr; } struct flowi6 { struct flowi_common __fl_common; #define flowi6_oif __fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowi6_iif __fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowi6_mark __fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowi6_scope __fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowi6_proto __fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowi6_flags __fl_common.flowic_flags #define flowi6_secid __fl_common.flowic_secid #define flowi6_tun_key __fl_common.flowic_tun_key #define flowi6_uid __fl_common.flowic_uid struct in6_addr daddr; struct in6_addr saddr; /* Note: flowi6_tos is encoded in flowlabel, too. */ __be32 flowlabel; union flowi_uli uli; #define fl6_sport uli.ports.sport #define fl6_dport uli.ports.dport #define fl6_icmp_type uli.icmpt.type #define fl6_icmp_code uli.icmpt.code #define fl6_ipsec_spi uli.spi #define fl6_mh_type uli.mht.type #define fl6_gre_key uli.gre_key __u32 mp_hash; } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); struct flowidn { struct flowi_common __fl_common; #define flowidn_oif __fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowidn_iif __fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowidn_mark __fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowidn_scope __fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowidn_proto __fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowidn_flags __fl_common.flowic_flags __le16 daddr; __le16 saddr; union flowi_uli uli; #define fld_sport uli.ports.sport #define fld_dport uli.ports.dport } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); struct flowi { union { struct flowi_common __fl_common; struct flowi4 ip4; struct flowi6 ip6; struct flowidn dn; } u; #define flowi_oif u.__fl_common.flowic_oif #define flowi_iif u.__fl_common.flowic_iif #define flowi_mark u.__fl_common.flowic_mark #define flowi_tos u.__fl_common.flowic_tos #define flowi_scope u.__fl_common.flowic_scope #define flowi_proto u.__fl_common.flowic_proto #define flowi_flags u.__fl_common.flowic_flags #define flowi_secid u.__fl_common.flowic_secid #define flowi_tun_key u.__fl_common.flowic_tun_key #define flowi_uid u.__fl_common.flowic_uid } __attribute__((__aligned__(BITS_PER_LONG/8))); static inline struct flowi *flowi4_to_flowi(struct flowi4 *fl4) { return container_of(fl4, struct flowi, u.ip4); } static inline struct flowi *flowi6_to_flowi(struct flowi6 *fl6) { return container_of(fl6, struct flowi, u.ip6); } static inline struct flowi *flowidn_to_flowi(struct flowidn *fldn) { return container_of(fldn, struct flowi, u.dn); } __u32 __get_hash_from_flowi6(const struct flowi6 *fl6, struct flow_keys *keys); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Definitions for diskquota-operations. When diskquota is configured these * macros expand to the right source-code. * * Author: Marco van Wieringen <mvw@planets.elm.net> */ #ifndef _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ #define _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ #include <linux/fs.h> #define DQUOT_SPACE_WARN 0x1 #define DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE 0x2 #define DQUOT_SPACE_NOFAIL 0x4 static inline struct quota_info *sb_dqopt(struct super_block *sb) { return &sb->s_dquot; } /* i_mutex must being held */ static inline bool is_quota_modification(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *ia) { return (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) || (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_UID && !uid_eq(ia->ia_uid, inode->i_uid)) || (ia->ia_valid & ATTR_GID && !gid_eq(ia->ia_gid, inode->i_gid)); } #if defined(CONFIG_QUOTA) #define quota_error(sb, fmt, args...) \ __quota_error((sb), __func__, fmt , ## args) extern __printf(3, 4) void __quota_error(struct super_block *sb, const char *func, const char *fmt, ...); /* * declaration of quota_function calls in kernel. */ int dquot_initialize(struct inode *inode); bool dquot_initialize_needed(struct inode *inode); void dquot_drop(struct inode *inode); struct dquot *dqget(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid qid); static inline struct dquot *dqgrab(struct dquot *dquot) { /* Make sure someone else has active reference to dquot */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!atomic_read(&dquot->dq_count)); WARN_ON_ONCE(!test_bit(DQ_ACTIVE_B, &dquot->dq_flags)); atomic_inc(&dquot->dq_count); return dquot; } static inline bool dquot_is_busy(struct dquot *dquot) { if (test_bit(DQ_MOD_B, &dquot->dq_flags)) return true; if (atomic_read(&dquot->dq_count) > 1) return true; return false; } void dqput(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_scan_active(struct super_block *sb, int (*fn)(struct dquot *dquot, unsigned long priv), unsigned long priv); struct dquot *dquot_alloc(struct super_block *sb, int type); void dquot_destroy(struct dquot *dquot); int __dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags); void __dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags); int dquot_alloc_inode(struct inode *inode); int dquot_claim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number); void dquot_free_inode(struct inode *inode); void dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number); int dquot_disable(struct super_block *sb, int type, unsigned int flags); /* Suspend quotas on remount RO */ static inline int dquot_suspend(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return dquot_disable(sb, type, DQUOT_SUSPENDED); } int dquot_resume(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_commit(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_acquire(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_release(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_commit_info(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_get_next_id(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *qid); int dquot_mark_dquot_dirty(struct dquot *dquot); int dquot_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); int dquot_load_quota_sb(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags); int dquot_load_quota_inode(struct inode *inode, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags); int dquot_quota_on(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, const struct path *path); int dquot_quota_on_mount(struct super_block *sb, char *qf_name, int format_id, int type); int dquot_quota_off(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_writeback_dquots(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_quota_sync(struct super_block *sb, int type); int dquot_get_state(struct super_block *sb, struct qc_state *state); int dquot_set_dqinfo(struct super_block *sb, int type, struct qc_info *ii); int dquot_get_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int dquot_get_next_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid *id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int dquot_set_dqblk(struct super_block *sb, struct kqid id, struct qc_dqblk *di); int __dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct dquot **transfer_to); int dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *iattr); static inline struct mem_dqinfo *sb_dqinfo(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->info + type; } /* * Functions for checking status of quota */ static inline bool sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED, type); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_limits_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED, type); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_dqopt(sb)->flags & dquot_state_flag(DQUOT_SUSPENDED, type); } static inline unsigned sb_any_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb) { return dquot_state_types(sb_dqopt(sb)->flags, DQUOT_SUSPENDED); } /* Does kernel know about any quota information for given sb + type? */ static inline bool sb_has_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb, int type) { /* Currently if anything is on, then quota usage is on as well */ return sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(sb, type); } static inline unsigned sb_any_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb) { return dquot_state_types(sb_dqopt(sb)->flags, DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED); } static inline bool sb_has_quota_active(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return sb_has_quota_loaded(sb, type) && !sb_has_quota_suspended(sb, type); } /* * Operations supported for diskquotas. */ extern const struct dquot_operations dquot_operations; extern const struct quotactl_ops dquot_quotactl_sysfile_ops; #else static inline int sb_has_quota_usage_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_limits_enabled(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_any_quota_suspended(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; } /* Does kernel know about any quota information for given sb + type? */ static inline int sb_has_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int sb_any_quota_loaded(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; } static inline int sb_has_quota_active(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_initialize(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline bool dquot_initialize_needed(struct inode *inode) { return false; } static inline void dquot_drop(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int dquot_alloc_inode(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline void dquot_free_inode(struct inode *inode) { } static inline int dquot_transfer(struct inode *inode, struct iattr *iattr) { return 0; } static inline int __dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags) { if (!(flags & DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE)) inode_add_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline void __dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number, int flags) { if (!(flags & DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE)) inode_sub_bytes(inode, number); } static inline int dquot_claim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number) { inode_add_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline int dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t number) { inode_sub_bytes(inode, number); return 0; } static inline int dquot_disable(struct super_block *sb, int type, unsigned int flags) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_suspend(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } static inline int dquot_resume(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } #define dquot_file_open generic_file_open static inline int dquot_writeback_dquots(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_QUOTA */ static inline int dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN); } static inline void dquot_alloc_space_nofail(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN|DQUOT_SPACE_NOFAIL); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline int dquot_alloc_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(inode, nr); if (!ret) { /* * Mark inode fully dirty. Since we are allocating blocks, inode * would become fully dirty soon anyway and it reportedly * reduces lock contention. */ mark_inode_dirty(inode); } return ret; } static inline int dquot_alloc_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_alloc_block_nofail(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_alloc_space_nofail(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline int dquot_alloc_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline int dquot_prealloc_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, 0); } static inline int dquot_prealloc_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_prealloc_block_nodirty(inode, nr); if (!ret) mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); return ret; } static inline int dquot_reserve_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { return __dquot_alloc_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, DQUOT_SPACE_WARN|DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE); } static inline int dquot_claim_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { int ret; ret = dquot_claim_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); if (!ret) mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); return ret; } static inline void dquot_reclaim_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_reclaim_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline void dquot_free_space_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_free_space(inode, nr, 0); } static inline void dquot_free_space(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space_nodirty(inode, nr); mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); } static inline void dquot_free_block_nodirty(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space_nodirty(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_free_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { dquot_free_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits); } static inline void dquot_release_reservation_block(struct inode *inode, qsize_t nr) { __dquot_free_space(inode, nr << inode->i_blkbits, DQUOT_SPACE_RESERVE); } unsigned int qtype_enforce_flag(int type); #endif /* _LINUX_QUOTAOPS_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * include/linux/idr.h * * 2002-10-18 written by Jim Houston jim.houston@ccur.com * Copyright (C) 2002 by Concurrent Computer Corporation * * Small id to pointer translation service avoiding fixed sized * tables. */ #ifndef __IDR_H__ #define __IDR_H__ #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> struct idr { struct radix_tree_root idr_rt; unsigned int idr_base; unsigned int idr_next; }; /* * The IDR API does not expose the tagging functionality of the radix tree * to users. Use tag 0 to track whether a node has free space below it. */ #define IDR_FREE 0 /* Set the IDR flag and the IDR_FREE tag */ #define IDR_RT_MARKER (ROOT_IS_IDR | (__force gfp_t) \ (1 << (ROOT_TAG_SHIFT + IDR_FREE))) #define IDR_INIT_BASE(name, base) { \ .idr_rt = RADIX_TREE_INIT(name, IDR_RT_MARKER), \ .idr_base = (base), \ .idr_next = 0, \ } /** * IDR_INIT() - Initialise an IDR. * @name: Name of IDR. * * A freshly-initialised IDR contains no IDs. */ #define IDR_INIT(name) IDR_INIT_BASE(name, 0) /** * DEFINE_IDR() - Define a statically-allocated IDR. * @name: Name of IDR. * * An IDR defined using this macro is ready for use with no additional * initialisation required. It contains no IDs. */ #define DEFINE_IDR(name) struct idr name = IDR_INIT(name) /** * idr_get_cursor - Return the current position of the cyclic allocator * @idr: idr handle * * The value returned is the value that will be next returned from * idr_alloc_cyclic() if it is free (otherwise the search will start from * this position). */ static inline unsigned int idr_get_cursor(const struct idr *idr) { return READ_ONCE(idr->idr_next); } /** * idr_set_cursor - Set the current position of the cyclic allocator * @idr: idr handle * @val: new position * * The next call to idr_alloc_cyclic() will return @val if it is free * (otherwise the search will start from this position). */ static inline void idr_set_cursor(struct idr *idr, unsigned int val) { WRITE_ONCE(idr->idr_next, val); } /** * DOC: idr sync * idr synchronization (stolen from radix-tree.h) * * idr_find() is able to be called locklessly, using RCU. The caller must * ensure calls to this function are made within rcu_read_lock() regions. * Other readers (lock-free or otherwise) and modifications may be running * concurrently. * * It is still required that the caller manage the synchronization and * lifetimes of the items. So if RCU lock-free lookups are used, typically * this would mean that the items have their own locks, or are amenable to * lock-free access; and that the items are freed by RCU (or only freed after * having been deleted from the idr tree *and* a synchronize_rcu() grace * period). */ #define idr_lock(idr) xa_lock(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_unlock(idr) xa_unlock(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_lock_bh(idr) xa_lock_bh(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_unlock_bh(idr) xa_unlock_bh(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_lock_irq(idr) xa_lock_irq(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_unlock_irq(idr) xa_unlock_irq(&(idr)->idr_rt) #define idr_lock_irqsave(idr, flags) \ xa_lock_irqsave(&(idr)->idr_rt, flags) #define idr_unlock_irqrestore(idr, flags) \ xa_unlock_irqrestore(&(idr)->idr_rt, flags) void idr_preload(gfp_t gfp_mask); int idr_alloc(struct idr *, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t); int __must_check idr_alloc_u32(struct idr *, void *ptr, u32 *id, unsigned long max, gfp_t); int idr_alloc_cyclic(struct idr *, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t); void *idr_remove(struct idr *, unsigned long id); void *idr_find(const struct idr *, unsigned long id); int idr_for_each(const struct idr *, int (*fn)(int id, void *p, void *data), void *data); void *idr_get_next(struct idr *, int *nextid); void *idr_get_next_ul(struct idr *, unsigned long *nextid); void *idr_replace(struct idr *, void *, unsigned long id); void idr_destroy(struct idr *); /** * idr_init_base() - Initialise an IDR. * @idr: IDR handle. * @base: The base value for the IDR. * * This variation of idr_init() creates an IDR which will allocate IDs * starting at %base. */ static inline void idr_init_base(struct idr *idr, int base) { INIT_RADIX_TREE(&idr->idr_rt, IDR_RT_MARKER); idr->idr_base = base; idr->idr_next = 0; } /** * idr_init() - Initialise an IDR. * @idr: IDR handle. * * Initialise a dynamically allocated IDR. To initialise a * statically allocated IDR, use DEFINE_IDR(). */ static inline void idr_init(struct idr *idr) { idr_init_base(idr, 0); } /** * idr_is_empty() - Are there any IDs allocated? * @idr: IDR handle. * * Return: %true if any IDs have been allocated from this IDR. */ static inline bool idr_is_empty(const struct idr *idr) { return radix_tree_empty(&idr->idr_rt) && radix_tree_tagged(&idr->idr_rt, IDR_FREE); } /** * idr_preload_end - end preload section started with idr_preload() * * Each idr_preload() should be matched with an invocation of this * function. See idr_preload() for details. */ static inline void idr_preload_end(void) { local_unlock(&radix_tree_preloads.lock); } /** * idr_for_each_entry() - Iterate over an IDR's elements of a given type. * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as cursor * @id: Entry ID. * * @entry and @id do not need to be initialized before the loop, and * after normal termination @entry is left with the value NULL. This * is convenient for a "not found" value. */ #define idr_for_each_entry(idr, entry, id) \ for (id = 0; ((entry) = idr_get_next(idr, &(id))) != NULL; id += 1U) /** * idr_for_each_entry_ul() - Iterate over an IDR's elements of a given type. * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as cursor. * @tmp: A temporary placeholder for ID. * @id: Entry ID. * * @entry and @id do not need to be initialized before the loop, and * after normal termination @entry is left with the value NULL. This * is convenient for a "not found" value. */ #define idr_for_each_entry_ul(idr, entry, tmp, id) \ for (tmp = 0, id = 0; \ tmp <= id && ((entry) = idr_get_next_ul(idr, &(id))) != NULL; \ tmp = id, ++id) /** * idr_for_each_entry_continue() - Continue iteration over an IDR's elements of a given type * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as a cursor. * @id: Entry ID. * * Continue to iterate over entries, continuing after the current position. */ #define idr_for_each_entry_continue(idr, entry, id) \ for ((entry) = idr_get_next((idr), &(id)); \ entry; \ ++id, (entry) = idr_get_next((idr), &(id))) /** * idr_for_each_entry_continue_ul() - Continue iteration over an IDR's elements of a given type * @idr: IDR handle. * @entry: The type * to use as a cursor. * @tmp: A temporary placeholder for ID. * @id: Entry ID. * * Continue to iterate over entries, continuing after the current position. */ #define idr_for_each_entry_continue_ul(idr, entry, tmp, id) \ for (tmp = id; \ tmp <= id && ((entry) = idr_get_next_ul(idr, &(id))) != NULL; \ tmp = id, ++id) /* * IDA - ID Allocator, use when translation from id to pointer isn't necessary. */ #define IDA_CHUNK_SIZE 128 /* 128 bytes per chunk */ #define IDA_BITMAP_LONGS (IDA_CHUNK_SIZE / sizeof(long)) #define IDA_BITMAP_BITS (IDA_BITMAP_LONGS * sizeof(long) * 8) struct ida_bitmap { unsigned long bitmap[IDA_BITMAP_LONGS]; }; struct ida { struct xarray xa; }; #define IDA_INIT_FLAGS (XA_FLAGS_LOCK_IRQ | XA_FLAGS_ALLOC) #define IDA_INIT(name) { \ .xa = XARRAY_INIT(name, IDA_INIT_FLAGS) \ } #define DEFINE_IDA(name) struct ida name = IDA_INIT(name) int ida_alloc_range(struct ida *, unsigned int min, unsigned int max, gfp_t); void ida_free(struct ida *, unsigned int id); void ida_destroy(struct ida *ida); /** * ida_alloc() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between 0 and %INT_MAX, inclusive. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ static inline int ida_alloc(struct ida *ida, gfp_t gfp) { return ida_alloc_range(ida, 0, ~0, gfp); } /** * ida_alloc_min() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @min: Lowest ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between @min and %INT_MAX, inclusive. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ static inline int ida_alloc_min(struct ida *ida, unsigned int min, gfp_t gfp) { return ida_alloc_range(ida, min, ~0, gfp); } /** * ida_alloc_max() - Allocate an unused ID. * @ida: IDA handle. * @max: Highest ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Allocate an ID between 0 and @max, inclusive. * * Context: Any context. It is safe to call this function without * locking in your code. * Return: The allocated ID, or %-ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated, * or %-ENOSPC if there are no free IDs. */ static inline int ida_alloc_max(struct ida *ida, unsigned int max, gfp_t gfp) { return ida_alloc_range(ida, 0, max, gfp); } static inline void ida_init(struct ida *ida) { xa_init_flags(&ida->xa, IDA_INIT_FLAGS); } /* * ida_simple_get() and ida_simple_remove() are deprecated. Use * ida_alloc() and ida_free() instead respectively. */ #define ida_simple_get(ida, start, end, gfp) \ ida_alloc_range(ida, start, (end) - 1, gfp) #define ida_simple_remove(ida, id) ida_free(ida, id) static inline bool ida_is_empty(const struct ida *ida) { return xa_empty(&ida->xa); } #endif /* __IDR_H__ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef LINUX_KEXEC_H #define LINUX_KEXEC_H #define IND_DESTINATION_BIT 0 #define IND_INDIRECTION_BIT 1 #define IND_DONE_BIT 2 #define IND_SOURCE_BIT 3 #define IND_DESTINATION (1 << IND_DESTINATION_BIT) #define IND_INDIRECTION (1 << IND_INDIRECTION_BIT) #define IND_DONE (1 << IND_DONE_BIT) #define IND_SOURCE (1 << IND_SOURCE_BIT) #define IND_FLAGS (IND_DESTINATION | IND_INDIRECTION | IND_DONE | IND_SOURCE) #if !defined(__ASSEMBLY__) #include <linux/crash_core.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <uapi/linux/kexec.h> #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/ioport.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <asm/kexec.h> /* Verify architecture specific macros are defined */ #ifndef KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_DESTINATION_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_DESTINATION_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_GFP #define KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_GFP (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY) #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE #error KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_ARCH #error KEXEC_ARCH not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CRASH_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #define KEXEC_CRASH_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CRASH_MEM_ALIGN #define KEXEC_CRASH_MEM_ALIGN PAGE_SIZE #endif #define KEXEC_CORE_NOTE_NAME CRASH_CORE_NOTE_NAME /* * This structure is used to hold the arguments that are used when loading * kernel binaries. */ typedef unsigned long kimage_entry_t; struct kexec_segment { /* * This pointer can point to user memory if kexec_load() system * call is used or will point to kernel memory if * kexec_file_load() system call is used. * * Use ->buf when expecting to deal with user memory and use ->kbuf * when expecting to deal with kernel memory. */ union { void __user *buf; void *kbuf; }; size_t bufsz; unsigned long mem; size_t memsz; }; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT struct compat_kexec_segment { compat_uptr_t buf; compat_size_t bufsz; compat_ulong_t mem; /* User space sees this as a (void *) ... */ compat_size_t memsz; }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE struct purgatory_info { /* * Pointer to elf header at the beginning of kexec_purgatory. * Note: kexec_purgatory is read only */ const Elf_Ehdr *ehdr; /* * Temporary, modifiable buffer for sechdrs used for relocation. * This memory can be freed post image load. */ Elf_Shdr *sechdrs; /* * Temporary, modifiable buffer for stripped purgatory used for * relocation. This memory can be freed post image load. */ void *purgatory_buf; }; struct kimage; typedef int (kexec_probe_t)(const char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_size); typedef void *(kexec_load_t)(struct kimage *image, char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_len, char *initrd, unsigned long initrd_len, char *cmdline, unsigned long cmdline_len); typedef int (kexec_cleanup_t)(void *loader_data); #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG typedef int (kexec_verify_sig_t)(const char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_len); #endif struct kexec_file_ops { kexec_probe_t *probe; kexec_load_t *load; kexec_cleanup_t *cleanup; #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG kexec_verify_sig_t *verify_sig; #endif }; extern const struct kexec_file_ops * const kexec_file_loaders[]; int kexec_image_probe_default(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); int kexec_image_post_load_cleanup_default(struct kimage *image); /* * If kexec_buf.mem is set to this value, kexec_locate_mem_hole() * will try to allocate free memory. Arch may overwrite it. */ #ifndef KEXEC_BUF_MEM_UNKNOWN #define KEXEC_BUF_MEM_UNKNOWN 0 #endif /** * struct kexec_buf - parameters for finding a place for a buffer in memory * @image: kexec image in which memory to search. * @buffer: Contents which will be copied to the allocated memory. * @bufsz: Size of @buffer. * @mem: On return will have address of the buffer in memory. * @memsz: Size for the buffer in memory. * @buf_align: Minimum alignment needed. * @buf_min: The buffer can't be placed below this address. * @buf_max: The buffer can't be placed above this address. * @top_down: Allocate from top of memory. */ struct kexec_buf { struct kimage *image; void *buffer; unsigned long bufsz; unsigned long mem; unsigned long memsz; unsigned long buf_align; unsigned long buf_min; unsigned long buf_max; bool top_down; }; int kexec_load_purgatory(struct kimage *image, struct kexec_buf *kbuf); int kexec_purgatory_get_set_symbol(struct kimage *image, const char *name, void *buf, unsigned int size, bool get_value); void *kexec_purgatory_get_symbol_addr(struct kimage *image, const char *name); /* Architectures may override the below functions */ int arch_kexec_kernel_image_probe(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); void *arch_kexec_kernel_image_load(struct kimage *image); int arch_kexec_apply_relocations_add(struct purgatory_info *pi, Elf_Shdr *section, const Elf_Shdr *relsec, const Elf_Shdr *symtab); int arch_kexec_apply_relocations(struct purgatory_info *pi, Elf_Shdr *section, const Elf_Shdr *relsec, const Elf_Shdr *symtab); int arch_kimage_file_post_load_cleanup(struct kimage *image); #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG int arch_kexec_kernel_verify_sig(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); #endif int arch_kexec_locate_mem_hole(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); extern int kexec_add_buffer(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); int kexec_locate_mem_hole(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); /* Alignment required for elf header segment */ #define ELF_CORE_HEADER_ALIGN 4096 struct crash_mem_range { u64 start, end; }; struct crash_mem { unsigned int max_nr_ranges; unsigned int nr_ranges; struct crash_mem_range ranges[]; }; extern int crash_exclude_mem_range(struct crash_mem *mem, unsigned long long mstart, unsigned long long mend); extern int crash_prepare_elf64_headers(struct crash_mem *mem, int kernel_map, void **addr, unsigned long *sz); #endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE */ #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_ELF struct kexec_elf_info { /* * Where the ELF binary contents are kept. * Memory managed by the user of the struct. */ const char *buffer; const struct elfhdr *ehdr; const struct elf_phdr *proghdrs; }; int kexec_build_elf_info(const char *buf, size_t len, struct elfhdr *ehdr, struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info); int kexec_elf_load(struct kimage *image, struct elfhdr *ehdr, struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info, struct kexec_buf *kbuf, unsigned long *lowest_load_addr); void kexec_free_elf_info(struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info); int kexec_elf_probe(const char *buf, unsigned long len); #endif struct kimage { kimage_entry_t head; kimage_entry_t *entry; kimage_entry_t *last_entry; unsigned long start; struct page *control_code_page; struct page *swap_page; void *vmcoreinfo_data_copy; /* locates in the crash memory */ unsigned long nr_segments; struct kexec_segment segment[KEXEC_SEGMENT_MAX]; struct list_head control_pages; struct list_head dest_pages; struct list_head unusable_pages; /* Address of next control page to allocate for crash kernels. */ unsigned long control_page; /* Flags to indicate special processing */ unsigned int type : 1; #define KEXEC_TYPE_DEFAULT 0 #define KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH 1 unsigned int preserve_context : 1; /* If set, we are using file mode kexec syscall */ unsigned int file_mode:1; #ifdef ARCH_HAS_KIMAGE_ARCH struct kimage_arch arch; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE /* Additional fields for file based kexec syscall */ void *kernel_buf; unsigned long kernel_buf_len; void *initrd_buf; unsigned long initrd_buf_len; char *cmdline_buf; unsigned long cmdline_buf_len; /* File operations provided by image loader */ const struct kexec_file_ops *fops; /* Image loader handling the kernel can store a pointer here */ void *image_loader_data; /* Information for loading purgatory */ struct purgatory_info purgatory_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IMA_KEXEC /* Virtual address of IMA measurement buffer for kexec syscall */ void *ima_buffer; #endif }; /* kexec interface functions */ extern void machine_kexec(struct kimage *image); extern int machine_kexec_prepare(struct kimage *image); extern void machine_kexec_cleanup(struct kimage *image); extern int kernel_kexec(void); extern struct page *kimage_alloc_control_pages(struct kimage *image, unsigned int order); extern void __crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *); extern void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *); int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *); int kexec_crash_loaded(void); void crash_save_cpu(struct pt_regs *regs, int cpu); extern int kimage_crash_copy_vmcoreinfo(struct kimage *image); extern struct kimage *kexec_image; extern struct kimage *kexec_crash_image; extern int kexec_load_disabled; #ifndef kexec_flush_icache_page #define kexec_flush_icache_page(page) #endif /* List of defined/legal kexec flags */ #ifndef CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP #define KEXEC_FLAGS KEXEC_ON_CRASH #else #define KEXEC_FLAGS (KEXEC_ON_CRASH | KEXEC_PRESERVE_CONTEXT) #endif /* List of defined/legal kexec file flags */ #define KEXEC_FILE_FLAGS (KEXEC_FILE_UNLOAD | KEXEC_FILE_ON_CRASH | \ KEXEC_FILE_NO_INITRAMFS) /* Location of a reserved region to hold the crash kernel. */ extern struct resource crashk_res; extern struct resource crashk_low_res; extern note_buf_t __percpu *crash_notes; /* flag to track if kexec reboot is in progress */ extern bool kexec_in_progress; int crash_shrink_memory(unsigned long new_size); size_t crash_get_memory_size(void); void crash_free_reserved_phys_range(unsigned long begin, unsigned long end); void arch_kexec_protect_crashkres(void); void arch_kexec_unprotect_crashkres(void); #ifndef page_to_boot_pfn static inline unsigned long page_to_boot_pfn(struct page *page) { return page_to_pfn(page); } #endif #ifndef boot_pfn_to_page static inline struct page *boot_pfn_to_page(unsigned long boot_pfn) { return pfn_to_page(boot_pfn); } #endif #ifndef phys_to_boot_phys static inline unsigned long phys_to_boot_phys(phys_addr_t phys) { return phys; } #endif #ifndef boot_phys_to_phys static inline phys_addr_t boot_phys_to_phys(unsigned long boot_phys) { return boot_phys; } #endif static inline unsigned long virt_to_boot_phys(void *addr) { return phys_to_boot_phys(__pa((unsigned long)addr)); } static inline void *boot_phys_to_virt(unsigned long entry) { return phys_to_virt(boot_phys_to_phys(entry)); } #ifndef arch_kexec_post_alloc_pages static inline int arch_kexec_post_alloc_pages(void *vaddr, unsigned int pages, gfp_t gfp) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef arch_kexec_pre_free_pages static inline void arch_kexec_pre_free_pages(void *vaddr, unsigned int pages) { } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE */ struct pt_regs; struct task_struct; static inline void __crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline int kexec_crash_loaded(void) { return 0; } #define kexec_in_progress false #endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE */ #endif /* !defined(__ASSEBMLY__) */ #endif /* LINUX_KEXEC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Routines to manage notifier chains for passing status changes to any * interested routines. We need this instead of hard coded call lists so * that modules can poke their nose into the innards. The network devices * needed them so here they are for the rest of you. * * Alan Cox <Alan.Cox@linux.org> */ #ifndef _LINUX_NOTIFIER_H #define _LINUX_NOTIFIER_H #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/srcu.h> /* * Notifier chains are of four types: * * Atomic notifier chains: Chain callbacks run in interrupt/atomic * context. Callouts are not allowed to block. * Blocking notifier chains: Chain callbacks run in process context. * Callouts are allowed to block. * Raw notifier chains: There are no restrictions on callbacks, * registration, or unregistration. All locking and protection * must be provided by the caller. * SRCU notifier chains: A variant of blocking notifier chains, with * the same restrictions. * * atomic_notifier_chain_register() may be called from an atomic context, * but blocking_notifier_chain_register() and srcu_notifier_chain_register() * must be called from a process context. Ditto for the corresponding * _unregister() routines. * * atomic_notifier_chain_unregister(), blocking_notifier_chain_unregister(), * and srcu_notifier_chain_unregister() _must not_ be called from within * the call chain. * * SRCU notifier chains are an alternative form of blocking notifier chains. * They use SRCU (Sleepable Read-Copy Update) instead of rw-semaphores for * protection of the chain links. This means there is _very_ low overhead * in srcu_notifier_call_chain(): no cache bounces and no memory barriers. * As compensation, srcu_notifier_chain_unregister() is rather expensive. * SRCU notifier chains should be used when the chain will be called very * often but notifier_blocks will seldom be removed. */ struct notifier_block; typedef int (*notifier_fn_t)(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long action, void *data); struct notifier_block { notifier_fn_t notifier_call; struct notifier_block __rcu *next; int priority; }; struct atomic_notifier_head { spinlock_t lock; struct notifier_block __rcu *head; }; struct blocking_notifier_head { struct rw_semaphore rwsem; struct notifier_block __rcu *head; }; struct raw_notifier_head { struct notifier_block __rcu *head; }; struct srcu_notifier_head { struct mutex mutex; struct srcu_struct srcu; struct notifier_block __rcu *head; }; #define ATOMIC_INIT_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) do { \ spin_lock_init(&(name)->lock); \ (name)->head = NULL; \ } while (0) #define BLOCKING_INIT_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) do { \ init_rwsem(&(name)->rwsem); \ (name)->head = NULL; \ } while (0) #define RAW_INIT_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) do { \ (name)->head = NULL; \ } while (0) /* srcu_notifier_heads must be cleaned up dynamically */ extern void srcu_init_notifier_head(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh); #define srcu_cleanup_notifier_head(name) \ cleanup_srcu_struct(&(name)->srcu); #define ATOMIC_NOTIFIER_INIT(name) { \ .lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(name.lock), \ .head = NULL } #define BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_INIT(name) { \ .rwsem = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER((name).rwsem), \ .head = NULL } #define RAW_NOTIFIER_INIT(name) { \ .head = NULL } #define SRCU_NOTIFIER_INIT(name, pcpu) \ { \ .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(name.mutex), \ .head = NULL, \ .srcu = __SRCU_STRUCT_INIT(name.srcu, pcpu), \ } #define ATOMIC_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) \ struct atomic_notifier_head name = \ ATOMIC_NOTIFIER_INIT(name) #define BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) \ struct blocking_notifier_head name = \ BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_INIT(name) #define RAW_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) \ struct raw_notifier_head name = \ RAW_NOTIFIER_INIT(name) #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_SRCU #define _SRCU_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name, mod) \ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct srcu_data, name##_head_srcu_data); \ mod struct srcu_notifier_head name = \ SRCU_NOTIFIER_INIT(name, name##_head_srcu_data) #else #define _SRCU_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name, mod) \ mod struct srcu_notifier_head name = \ SRCU_NOTIFIER_INIT(name, name) #endif #define SRCU_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) \ _SRCU_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name, /* not static */) #define SRCU_NOTIFIER_HEAD_STATIC(name) \ _SRCU_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name, static) #ifdef __KERNEL__ extern int atomic_notifier_chain_register(struct atomic_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *nb); extern int blocking_notifier_chain_register(struct blocking_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *nb); extern int raw_notifier_chain_register(struct raw_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *nb); extern int srcu_notifier_chain_register(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *nb); extern int atomic_notifier_chain_unregister(struct atomic_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *nb); extern int blocking_notifier_chain_unregister(struct blocking_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *nb); extern int raw_notifier_chain_unregister(struct raw_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *nb); extern int srcu_notifier_chain_unregister(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *nb); extern int atomic_notifier_call_chain(struct atomic_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val, void *v); extern int blocking_notifier_call_chain(struct blocking_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val, void *v); extern int raw_notifier_call_chain(struct raw_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val, void *v); extern int srcu_notifier_call_chain(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val, void *v); extern int atomic_notifier_call_chain_robust(struct atomic_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val_up, unsigned long val_down, void *v); extern int blocking_notifier_call_chain_robust(struct blocking_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val_up, unsigned long val_down, void *v); extern int raw_notifier_call_chain_robust(struct raw_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val_up, unsigned long val_down, void *v); #define NOTIFY_DONE 0x0000 /* Don't care */ #define NOTIFY_OK 0x0001 /* Suits me */ #define NOTIFY_STOP_MASK 0x8000 /* Don't call further */ #define NOTIFY_BAD (NOTIFY_STOP_MASK|0x0002) /* Bad/Veto action */ /* * Clean way to return from the notifier and stop further calls. */ #define NOTIFY_STOP (NOTIFY_OK|NOTIFY_STOP_MASK) /* Encapsulate (negative) errno value (in particular, NOTIFY_BAD <=> EPERM). */ static inline int notifier_from_errno(int err) { if (err) return NOTIFY_STOP_MASK | (NOTIFY_OK - err); return NOTIFY_OK; } /* Restore (negative) errno value from notify return value. */ static inline int notifier_to_errno(int ret) { ret &= ~NOTIFY_STOP_MASK; return ret > NOTIFY_OK ? NOTIFY_OK - ret : 0; } /* * Declared notifiers so far. I can imagine quite a few more chains * over time (eg laptop power reset chains, reboot chain (to clean * device units up), device [un]mount chain, module load/unload chain, * low memory chain, screenblank chain (for plug in modular screenblankers) * VC switch chains (for loadable kernel svgalib VC switch helpers) etc... */ /* CPU notfiers are defined in include/linux/cpu.h. */ /* netdevice notifiers are defined in include/linux/netdevice.h */ /* reboot notifiers are defined in include/linux/reboot.h. */ /* Hibernation and suspend events are defined in include/linux/suspend.h. */ /* Virtual Terminal events are defined in include/linux/vt.h. */ #define NETLINK_URELEASE 0x0001 /* Unicast netlink socket released */ /* Console keyboard events. * Note: KBD_KEYCODE is always sent before KBD_UNBOUND_KEYCODE, KBD_UNICODE and * KBD_KEYSYM. */ #define KBD_KEYCODE 0x0001 /* Keyboard keycode, called before any other */ #define KBD_UNBOUND_KEYCODE 0x0002 /* Keyboard keycode which is not bound to any other */ #define KBD_UNICODE 0x0003 /* Keyboard unicode */ #define KBD_KEYSYM 0x0004 /* Keyboard keysym */ #define KBD_POST_KEYSYM 0x0005 /* Called after keyboard keysym interpretation */ extern struct blocking_notifier_head reboot_notifier_list; #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_NOTIFIER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM random #if !defined(_TRACE_RANDOM_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_RANDOM_H #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(add_device_randomness, TP_PROTO(int bytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(bytes, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, bytes ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->bytes = bytes; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("bytes %d caller %pS", __entry->bytes, (void *)__entry->IP) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(random__mix_pool_bytes, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int bytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, bytes, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, bytes ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->bytes = bytes; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("%s pool: bytes %d caller %pS", __entry->pool_name, __entry->bytes, (void *)__entry->IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__mix_pool_bytes, mix_pool_bytes, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int bytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, bytes, IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__mix_pool_bytes, mix_pool_bytes_nolock, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int bytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, bytes, IP) ); TRACE_EVENT(credit_entropy_bits, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int bits, int entropy_count, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, bits, entropy_count, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, bits ) __field( int, entropy_count ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->bits = bits; __entry->entropy_count = entropy_count; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("%s pool: bits %d entropy_count %d caller %pS", __entry->pool_name, __entry->bits, __entry->entropy_count, (void *)__entry->IP) ); TRACE_EVENT(push_to_pool, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int pool_bits, int input_bits), TP_ARGS(pool_name, pool_bits, input_bits), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, pool_bits ) __field( int, input_bits ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->pool_bits = pool_bits; __entry->input_bits = input_bits; ), TP_printk("%s: pool_bits %d input_pool_bits %d", __entry->pool_name, __entry->pool_bits, __entry->input_bits) ); TRACE_EVENT(debit_entropy, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int debit_bits), TP_ARGS(pool_name, debit_bits), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, debit_bits ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->debit_bits = debit_bits; ), TP_printk("%s: debit_bits %d", __entry->pool_name, __entry->debit_bits) ); TRACE_EVENT(add_input_randomness, TP_PROTO(int input_bits), TP_ARGS(input_bits), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, input_bits ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->input_bits = input_bits; ), TP_printk("input_pool_bits %d", __entry->input_bits) ); TRACE_EVENT(add_disk_randomness, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, int input_bits), TP_ARGS(dev, input_bits), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( int, input_bits ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dev; __entry->input_bits = input_bits; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d input_pool_bits %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->input_bits) ); TRACE_EVENT(xfer_secondary_pool, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int xfer_bits, int request_bits, int pool_entropy, int input_entropy), TP_ARGS(pool_name, xfer_bits, request_bits, pool_entropy, input_entropy), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, xfer_bits ) __field( int, request_bits ) __field( int, pool_entropy ) __field( int, input_entropy ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->xfer_bits = xfer_bits; __entry->request_bits = request_bits; __entry->pool_entropy = pool_entropy; __entry->input_entropy = input_entropy; ), TP_printk("pool %s xfer_bits %d request_bits %d pool_entropy %d " "input_entropy %d", __entry->pool_name, __entry->xfer_bits, __entry->request_bits, __entry->pool_entropy, __entry->input_entropy) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(random__get_random_bytes, TP_PROTO(int nbytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(nbytes, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nbytes ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nbytes = nbytes; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("nbytes %d caller %pS", __entry->nbytes, (void *)__entry->IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__get_random_bytes, get_random_bytes, TP_PROTO(int nbytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(nbytes, IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__get_random_bytes, get_random_bytes_arch, TP_PROTO(int nbytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(nbytes, IP) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(random__extract_entropy, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int nbytes, int entropy_count, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, nbytes, entropy_count, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, nbytes ) __field( int, entropy_count ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->nbytes = nbytes; __entry->entropy_count = entropy_count; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("%s pool: nbytes %d entropy_count %d caller %pS", __entry->pool_name, __entry->nbytes, __entry->entropy_count, (void *)__entry->IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__extract_entropy, extract_entropy, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int nbytes, int entropy_count, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, nbytes, entropy_count, IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__extract_entropy, extract_entropy_user, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int nbytes, int entropy_count, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, nbytes, entropy_count, IP) ); TRACE_EVENT(random_read, TP_PROTO(int got_bits, int need_bits, int pool_left, int input_left), TP_ARGS(got_bits, need_bits, pool_left, input_left), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, got_bits ) __field( int, need_bits ) __field( int, pool_left ) __field( int, input_left ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->got_bits = got_bits; __entry->need_bits = need_bits; __entry->pool_left = pool_left; __entry->input_left = input_left; ), TP_printk("got_bits %d still_needed_bits %d " "blocking_pool_entropy_left %d input_entropy_left %d", __entry->got_bits, __entry->got_bits, __entry->pool_left, __entry->input_left) ); TRACE_EVENT(urandom_read, TP_PROTO(int got_bits, int pool_left, int input_left), TP_ARGS(got_bits, pool_left, input_left), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, got_bits ) __field( int, pool_left ) __field( int, input_left ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->got_bits = got_bits; __entry->pool_left = pool_left; __entry->input_left = input_left; ), TP_printk("got_bits %d nonblocking_pool_entropy_left %d " "input_entropy_left %d", __entry->got_bits, __entry->pool_left, __entry->input_left) ); TRACE_EVENT(prandom_u32, TP_PROTO(unsigned int ret), TP_ARGS(ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("ret=%u" , __entry->ret) ); #endif /* _TRACE_RANDOM_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM oom #if !defined(_TRACE_OOM_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_OOM_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> TRACE_EVENT(oom_score_adj_update, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *task), TP_ARGS(task), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( pid_t, pid) __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( short, oom_score_adj) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = task->pid; memcpy(__entry->comm, task->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->oom_score_adj = task->signal->oom_score_adj; ), TP_printk("pid=%d comm=%s oom_score_adj=%hd", __entry->pid, __entry->comm, __entry->oom_score_adj) ); TRACE_EVENT(reclaim_retry_zone, TP_PROTO(struct zoneref *zoneref, int order, unsigned long reclaimable, unsigned long available, unsigned long min_wmark, int no_progress_loops, bool wmark_check), TP_ARGS(zoneref, order, reclaimable, available, min_wmark, no_progress_loops, wmark_check), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, node) __field( int, zone_idx) __field( int, order) __field( unsigned long, reclaimable) __field( unsigned long, available) __field( unsigned long, min_wmark) __field( int, no_progress_loops) __field( bool, wmark_check) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->node = zone_to_nid(zoneref->zone); __entry->zone_idx = zoneref->zone_idx; __entry->order = order; __entry->reclaimable = reclaimable; __entry->available = available; __entry->min_wmark = min_wmark; __entry->no_progress_loops = no_progress_loops; __entry->wmark_check = wmark_check; ), TP_printk("node=%d zone=%-8s order=%d reclaimable=%lu available=%lu min_wmark=%lu no_progress_loops=%d wmark_check=%d", __entry->node, __print_symbolic(__entry->zone_idx, ZONE_TYPE), __entry->order, __entry->reclaimable, __entry->available, __entry->min_wmark, __entry->no_progress_loops, __entry->wmark_check) ); TRACE_EVENT(mark_victim, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(wake_reaper, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(start_task_reaping, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(finish_task_reaping, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); TRACE_EVENT(skip_task_reaping, TP_PROTO(int pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, pid) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = pid; ), TP_printk("pid=%d", __entry->pid) ); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION TRACE_EVENT(compact_retry, TP_PROTO(int order, enum compact_priority priority, enum compact_result result, int retries, int max_retries, bool ret), TP_ARGS(order, priority, result, retries, max_retries, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, order) __field( int, priority) __field( int, result) __field( int, retries) __field( int, max_retries) __field( bool, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->order = order; __entry->priority = priority; __entry->result = compact_result_to_feedback(result); __entry->retries = retries; __entry->max_retries = max_retries; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("order=%d priority=%s compaction_result=%s retries=%d max_retries=%d should_retry=%d", __entry->order, __print_symbolic(__entry->priority, COMPACTION_PRIORITY), __print_symbolic(__entry->result, COMPACTION_FEEDBACK), __entry->retries, __entry->max_retries, __entry->ret) ); #endif /* CONFIG_COMPACTION */ #endif /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H #define _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H /* * User space memory access functions */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/kasan-checks.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/smap.h> #include <asm/extable.h> /* * Test whether a block of memory is a valid user space address. * Returns 0 if the range is valid, nonzero otherwise. */ static inline bool __chk_range_not_ok(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size, unsigned long limit) { /* * If we have used "sizeof()" for the size, * we know it won't overflow the limit (but * it might overflow the 'addr', so it's * important to subtract the size from the * limit, not add it to the address). */ if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) return unlikely(addr > limit - size); /* Arbitrary sizes? Be careful about overflow */ addr += size; if (unlikely(addr < size)) return true; return unlikely(addr > limit); } #define __range_not_ok(addr, size, limit) \ ({ \ __chk_user_ptr(addr); \ __chk_range_not_ok((unsigned long __force)(addr), size, limit); \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP static inline bool pagefault_disabled(void); # define WARN_ON_IN_IRQ() \ WARN_ON_ONCE(!in_task() && !pagefault_disabled()) #else # define WARN_ON_IN_IRQ() #endif /** * access_ok - Checks if a user space pointer is valid * @addr: User space pointer to start of block to check * @size: Size of block to check * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * Checks if a pointer to a block of memory in user space is valid. * * Note that, depending on architecture, this function probably just * checks that the pointer is in the user space range - after calling * this function, memory access functions may still return -EFAULT. * * Return: true (nonzero) if the memory block may be valid, false (zero) * if it is definitely invalid. */ #define access_ok(addr, size) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_IN_IRQ(); \ likely(!__range_not_ok(addr, size, TASK_SIZE_MAX)); \ }) extern int __get_user_1(void); extern int __get_user_2(void); extern int __get_user_4(void); extern int __get_user_8(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_1(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_2(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_4(void); extern int __get_user_nocheck_8(void); extern int __get_user_bad(void); #define __uaccess_begin() stac() #define __uaccess_end() clac() #define __uaccess_begin_nospec() \ ({ \ stac(); \ barrier_nospec(); \ }) /* * This is the smallest unsigned integer type that can fit a value * (up to 'long long') */ #define __inttype(x) __typeof__( \ __typefits(x,char, \ __typefits(x,short, \ __typefits(x,int, \ __typefits(x,long,0ULL))))) #define __typefits(x,type,not) \ __builtin_choose_expr(sizeof(x)<=sizeof(type),(unsigned type)0,not) /* * This is used for both get_user() and __get_user() to expand to * the proper special function call that has odd calling conventions * due to returning both a value and an error, and that depends on * the size of the pointer passed in. * * Careful: we have to cast the result to the type of the pointer * for sign reasons. * * The use of _ASM_DX as the register specifier is a bit of a * simplification, as gcc only cares about it as the starting point * and not size: for a 64-bit value it will use %ecx:%edx on 32 bits * (%ecx being the next register in gcc's x86 register sequence), and * %rdx on 64 bits. * * Clang/LLVM cares about the size of the register, but still wants * the base register for something that ends up being a pair. */ #define do_get_user_call(fn,x,ptr) \ ({ \ int __ret_gu; \ register __inttype(*(ptr)) __val_gu asm("%"_ASM_DX); \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ asm volatile("call __" #fn "_%P4" \ : "=a" (__ret_gu), "=r" (__val_gu), \ ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT \ : "0" (ptr), "i" (sizeof(*(ptr)))); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr))) __val_gu; \ __builtin_expect(__ret_gu, 0); \ }) /** * get_user - Get a simple variable from user space. * @x: Variable to store result. * @ptr: Source address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple variable from user space to kernel * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and the result of * dereferencing @ptr must be assignable to @x without a cast. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. * On error, the variable @x is set to zero. */ #define get_user(x,ptr) ({ might_fault(); do_get_user_call(get_user,x,ptr); }) /** * __get_user - Get a simple variable from user space, with less checking. * @x: Variable to store result. * @ptr: Source address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple variable from user space to kernel * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and the result of * dereferencing @ptr must be assignable to @x without a cast. * * Caller must check the pointer with access_ok() before calling this * function. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. * On error, the variable @x is set to zero. */ #define __get_user(x,ptr) do_get_user_call(get_user_nocheck,x,ptr) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __put_user_goto_u64(x, addr, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: movl %%eax,0(%1)\n" \ "2: movl %%edx,4(%1)\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(2b, %l2) \ : : "A" (x), "r" (addr) \ : : label) #else #define __put_user_goto_u64(x, ptr, label) \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "q", "er", label) #endif extern void __put_user_bad(void); /* * Strange magic calling convention: pointer in %ecx, * value in %eax(:%edx), return value in %ecx. clobbers %rbx */ extern void __put_user_1(void); extern void __put_user_2(void); extern void __put_user_4(void); extern void __put_user_8(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_1(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_2(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_4(void); extern void __put_user_nocheck_8(void); /* * ptr must be evaluated and assigned to the temporary __ptr_pu before * the assignment of x to __val_pu, to avoid any function calls * involved in the ptr expression (possibly implicitly generated due * to KASAN) from clobbering %ax. */ #define do_put_user_call(fn,x,ptr) \ ({ \ int __ret_pu; \ void __user *__ptr_pu; \ register __typeof__(*(ptr)) __val_pu asm("%"_ASM_AX); \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ __ptr_pu = (ptr); \ __val_pu = (x); \ asm volatile("call __" #fn "_%P[size]" \ : "=c" (__ret_pu), \ ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT \ : "0" (__ptr_pu), \ "r" (__val_pu), \ [size] "i" (sizeof(*(ptr))) \ :"ebx"); \ __builtin_expect(__ret_pu, 0); \ }) /** * put_user - Write a simple value into user space. * @x: Value to copy to user space. * @ptr: Destination address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple value from kernel space to user * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and @x must be assignable * to the result of dereferencing @ptr. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. */ #define put_user(x, ptr) ({ might_fault(); do_put_user_call(put_user,x,ptr); }) /** * __put_user - Write a simple value into user space, with less checking. * @x: Value to copy to user space. * @ptr: Destination address, in user space. * * Context: User context only. This function may sleep if pagefaults are * enabled. * * This macro copies a single simple value from kernel space to user * space. It supports simple types like char and int, but not larger * data types like structures or arrays. * * @ptr must have pointer-to-simple-variable type, and @x must be assignable * to the result of dereferencing @ptr. * * Caller must check the pointer with access_ok() before calling this * function. * * Return: zero on success, or -EFAULT on error. */ #define __put_user(x, ptr) do_put_user_call(put_user_nocheck,x,ptr) #define __put_user_size(x, ptr, size, label) \ do { \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ case 1: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "b", "iq", label); \ break; \ case 2: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "w", "ir", label); \ break; \ case 4: \ __put_user_goto(x, ptr, "l", "ir", label); \ break; \ case 8: \ __put_user_goto_u64(x, ptr, label); \ break; \ default: \ __put_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, label) do { \ unsigned int __gu_low, __gu_high; \ const unsigned int __user *__gu_ptr; \ __gu_ptr = (const void __user *)(ptr); \ __get_user_asm(__gu_low, __gu_ptr, "l", "=r", label); \ __get_user_asm(__gu_high, __gu_ptr+1, "l", "=r", label); \ (x) = ((unsigned long long)__gu_high << 32) | __gu_low; \ } while (0) #else #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, label) \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, "q", "=r", label) #endif #define __get_user_size(x, ptr, size, label) \ do { \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ unsigned char x_u8__; \ case 1: \ __get_user_asm(x_u8__, ptr, "b", "=q", label); \ (x) = x_u8__; \ break; \ case 2: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, "w", "=r", label); \ break; \ case 4: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, "l", "=r", label); \ break; \ case 8: \ __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, label); \ break; \ default: \ (x) = __get_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #define __get_user_asm(x, addr, itype, ltype, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %[umem],%[output]\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ : [output] ltype(x) \ : [umem] "m" (__m(addr)) \ : : label) #else // !CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval) \ ({ \ __typeof__(ptr) __ptr = (ptr); \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1: movl %[lowbits],%%eax\n" \ "2: movl %[highbits],%%edx\n" \ "3:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "4: mov %[efault],%[errout]\n" \ " xorl %%eax,%%eax\n" \ " xorl %%edx,%%edx\n" \ " jmp 3b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 4b) \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(2b, 4b) \ : [errout] "=r" (retval), \ [output] "=&A"(x) \ : [lowbits] "m" (__m(__ptr)), \ [highbits] "m" __m(((u32 __user *)(__ptr)) + 1), \ [efault] "i" (-EFAULT), "0" (retval)); \ }) #else #define __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval) \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "q", "=r") #endif #define __get_user_size(x, ptr, size, retval) \ do { \ unsigned char x_u8__; \ \ retval = 0; \ __chk_user_ptr(ptr); \ switch (size) { \ case 1: \ __get_user_asm(x_u8__, ptr, retval, "b", "=q"); \ (x) = x_u8__; \ break; \ case 2: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "w", "=r"); \ break; \ case 4: \ __get_user_asm(x, ptr, retval, "l", "=r"); \ break; \ case 8: \ __get_user_asm_u64(x, ptr, retval); \ break; \ default: \ (x) = __get_user_bad(); \ } \ } while (0) #define __get_user_asm(x, addr, err, itype, ltype) \ asm volatile("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %[umem],%[output]\n" \ "2:\n" \ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \ "3: mov %[efault],%[errout]\n" \ " xorl %k[output],%k[output]\n" \ " jmp 2b\n" \ ".previous\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 3b) \ : [errout] "=r" (err), \ [output] ltype(x) \ : [umem] "m" (__m(addr)), \ [efault] "i" (-EFAULT), "0" (err)) #endif // CONFIG_CC_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT /* FIXME: this hack is definitely wrong -AK */ struct __large_struct { unsigned long buf[100]; }; #define __m(x) (*(struct __large_struct __user *)(x)) /* * Tell gcc we read from memory instead of writing: this is because * we do not write to any memory gcc knows about, so there are no * aliasing issues. */ #define __put_user_goto(x, addr, itype, ltype, label) \ asm_volatile_goto("\n" \ "1: mov"itype" %0,%1\n" \ _ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, %l2) \ : : ltype(x), "m" (__m(addr)) \ : : label) extern unsigned long copy_from_user_nmi(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n); extern __must_check long strncpy_from_user(char *dst, const char __user *src, long count); extern __must_check long strnlen_user(const char __user *str, long n); unsigned long __must_check clear_user(void __user *mem, unsigned long len); unsigned long __must_check __clear_user(void __user *mem, unsigned long len); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_COPY_MC unsigned long __must_check copy_mc_to_kernel(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len); #define copy_mc_to_kernel copy_mc_to_kernel unsigned long __must_check copy_mc_to_user(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len); #endif /* * movsl can be slow when source and dest are not both 8-byte aligned */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_USERCOPY extern struct movsl_mask { int mask; } ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp movsl_mask; #endif #define ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS 1 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # include <asm/uaccess_32.h> #else # include <asm/uaccess_64.h> #endif /* * The "unsafe" user accesses aren't really "unsafe", but the naming * is a big fat warning: you have to not only do the access_ok() * checking before using them, but you have to surround them with the * user_access_begin/end() pair. */ static __must_check __always_inline bool user_access_begin(const void __user *ptr, size_t len) { if (unlikely(!access_ok(ptr,len))) return 0; __uaccess_begin_nospec(); return 1; } #define user_access_begin(a,b) user_access_begin(a,b) #define user_access_end() __uaccess_end() #define user_access_save() smap_save() #define user_access_restore(x) smap_restore(x) #define unsafe_put_user(x, ptr, label) \ __put_user_size((__typeof__(*(ptr)))(x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), label) #ifdef CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define unsafe_get_user(x, ptr, err_label) \ do { \ __inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val; \ __get_user_size(__gu_val, (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), err_label); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \ } while (0) #else // !CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define unsafe_get_user(x, ptr, err_label) \ do { \ int __gu_err; \ __inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val; \ __get_user_size(__gu_val, (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), __gu_err); \ (x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \ if (unlikely(__gu_err)) goto err_label; \ } while (0) #endif // CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT /* * We want the unsafe accessors to always be inlined and use * the error labels - thus the macro games. */ #define unsafe_copy_loop(dst, src, len, type, label) \ while (len >= sizeof(type)) { \ unsafe_put_user(*(type *)(src),(type __user *)(dst),label); \ dst += sizeof(type); \ src += sizeof(type); \ len -= sizeof(type); \ } #define unsafe_copy_to_user(_dst,_src,_len,label) \ do { \ char __user *__ucu_dst = (_dst); \ const char *__ucu_src = (_src); \ size_t __ucu_len = (_len); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u64, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u32, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u16, label); \ unsafe_copy_loop(__ucu_dst, __ucu_src, __ucu_len, u8, label); \ } while (0) #define HAVE_GET_KERNEL_NOFAULT #ifdef CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define __get_kernel_nofault(dst, src, type, err_label) \ __get_user_size(*((type *)(dst)), (__force type __user *)(src), \ sizeof(type), err_label) #else // !CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define __get_kernel_nofault(dst, src, type, err_label) \ do { \ int __kr_err; \ \ __get_user_size(*((type *)(dst)), (__force type __user *)(src), \ sizeof(type), __kr_err); \ if (unlikely(__kr_err)) \ goto err_label; \ } while (0) #endif // CONFIG_CC_HAS_ASM_GOTO_OUTPUT #define __put_kernel_nofault(dst, src, type, err_label) \ __put_user_size(*((type *)(src)), (__force type __user *)(dst), \ sizeof(type), err_label) #endif /* _ASM_X86_UACCESS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_UACCESS_H__ #define __LINUX_UACCESS_H__ #include <linux/fault-inject-usercopy.h> #include <linux/instrumented.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/thread_info.h> #include <asm/uaccess.h> #ifdef CONFIG_SET_FS /* * Force the uaccess routines to be wired up for actual userspace access, * overriding any possible set_fs(KERNEL_DS) still lingering around. Undone * using force_uaccess_end below. */ static inline mm_segment_t force_uaccess_begin(void) { mm_segment_t fs = get_fs(); set_fs(USER_DS); return fs; } static inline void force_uaccess_end(mm_segment_t oldfs) { set_fs(oldfs); } #else /* CONFIG_SET_FS */ typedef struct { /* empty dummy */ } mm_segment_t; #ifndef TASK_SIZE_MAX #define TASK_SIZE_MAX TASK_SIZE #endif #define uaccess_kernel() (false) #define user_addr_max() (TASK_SIZE_MAX) static inline mm_segment_t force_uaccess_begin(void) { return (mm_segment_t) { }; } static inline void force_uaccess_end(mm_segment_t oldfs) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SET_FS */ /* * Architectures should provide two primitives (raw_copy_{to,from}_user()) * and get rid of their private instances of copy_{to,from}_user() and * __copy_{to,from}_user{,_inatomic}(). * * raw_copy_{to,from}_user(to, from, size) should copy up to size bytes and * return the amount left to copy. They should assume that access_ok() has * already been checked (and succeeded); they should *not* zero-pad anything. * No KASAN or object size checks either - those belong here. * * Both of these functions should attempt to copy size bytes starting at from * into the area starting at to. They must not fetch or store anything * outside of those areas. Return value must be between 0 (everything * copied successfully) and size (nothing copied). * * If raw_copy_{to,from}_user(to, from, size) returns N, size - N bytes starting * at to must become equal to the bytes fetched from the corresponding area * starting at from. All data past to + size - N must be left unmodified. * * If copying succeeds, the return value must be 0. If some data cannot be * fetched, it is permitted to copy less than had been fetched; the only * hard requirement is that not storing anything at all (i.e. returning size) * should happen only when nothing could be copied. In other words, you don't * have to squeeze as much as possible - it is allowed, but not necessary. * * For raw_copy_from_user() to always points to kernel memory and no faults * on store should happen. Interpretation of from is affected by set_fs(). * For raw_copy_to_user() it's the other way round. * * Both can be inlined - it's up to architectures whether it wants to bother * with that. They should not be used directly; they are used to implement * the 6 functions (copy_{to,from}_user(), __copy_{to,from}_user_inatomic()) * that are used instead. Out of those, __... ones are inlined. Plain * copy_{to,from}_user() might or might not be inlined. If you want them * inlined, have asm/uaccess.h define INLINE_COPY_{TO,FROM}_USER. * * NOTE: only copy_from_user() zero-pads the destination in case of short copy. * Neither __copy_from_user() nor __copy_from_user_inatomic() zero anything * at all; their callers absolutely must check the return value. * * Biarch ones should also provide raw_copy_in_user() - similar to the above, * but both source and destination are __user pointers (affected by set_fs() * as usual) and both source and destination can trigger faults. */ static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_from_user_inatomic(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(to, n, false); return raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(to, n, false); return raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } /** * __copy_to_user_inatomic: - Copy a block of data into user space, with less checking. * @to: Destination address, in user space. * @from: Source address, in kernel space. * @n: Number of bytes to copy. * * Context: User context only. * * Copy data from kernel space to user space. Caller must check * the specified block with access_ok() before calling this function. * The caller should also make sure he pins the user space address * so that we don't result in page fault and sleep. */ static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_to_user_inatomic(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(from, n, true); return raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); check_object_size(from, n, true); return raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } #ifdef INLINE_COPY_FROM_USER static inline __must_check unsigned long _copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { unsigned long res = n; might_fault(); if (!should_fail_usercopy() && likely(access_ok(from, n))) { instrument_copy_from_user(to, from, n); res = raw_copy_from_user(to, from, n); } if (unlikely(res)) memset(to + (n - res), 0, res); return res; } #else extern __must_check unsigned long _copy_from_user(void *, const void __user *, unsigned long); #endif #ifdef INLINE_COPY_TO_USER static inline __must_check unsigned long _copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (should_fail_usercopy()) return n; if (access_ok(to, n)) { instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n); n = raw_copy_to_user(to, from, n); } return n; } #else extern __must_check unsigned long _copy_to_user(void __user *, const void *, unsigned long); #endif static __always_inline unsigned long __must_check copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { if (likely(check_copy_size(to, n, false))) n = _copy_from_user(to, from, n); return n; } static __always_inline unsigned long __must_check copy_to_user(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n) { if (likely(check_copy_size(from, n, true))) n = _copy_to_user(to, from, n); return n; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static __always_inline unsigned long __must_check copy_in_user(void __user *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { might_fault(); if (access_ok(to, n) && access_ok(from, n)) n = raw_copy_in_user(to, from, n); return n; } #endif #ifndef copy_mc_to_kernel /* * Without arch opt-in this generic copy_mc_to_kernel() will not handle * #MC (or arch equivalent) during source read. */ static inline unsigned long __must_check copy_mc_to_kernel(void *dst, const void *src, size_t cnt) { memcpy(dst, src, cnt); return 0; } #endif static __always_inline void pagefault_disabled_inc(void) { current->pagefault_disabled++; } static __always_inline void pagefault_disabled_dec(void) { current->pagefault_disabled--; } /* * These routines enable/disable the pagefault handler. If disabled, it will * not take any locks and go straight to the fixup table. * * User access methods will not sleep when called from a pagefault_disabled() * environment. */ static inline void pagefault_disable(void) { pagefault_disabled_inc(); /* * make sure to have issued the store before a pagefault * can hit. */ barrier(); } static inline void pagefault_enable(void) { /* * make sure to issue those last loads/stores before enabling * the pagefault handler again. */ barrier(); pagefault_disabled_dec(); } /* * Is the pagefault handler disabled? If so, user access methods will not sleep. */ static inline bool pagefault_disabled(void) { return current->pagefault_disabled != 0; } /* * The pagefault handler is in general disabled by pagefault_disable() or * when in irq context (via in_atomic()). * * This function should only be used by the fault handlers. Other users should * stick to pagefault_disabled(). * Please NEVER use preempt_disable() to disable the fault handler. With * !CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT, this is like a NOP. So the handler won't be disabled. * in_atomic() will report different values based on !CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT. */ #define faulthandler_disabled() (pagefault_disabled() || in_atomic()) #ifndef ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS static inline __must_check unsigned long __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n) { return __copy_from_user_inatomic(to, from, n); } #endif /* ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS */ extern __must_check int check_zeroed_user(const void __user *from, size_t size); /** * copy_struct_from_user: copy a struct from userspace * @dst: Destination address, in kernel space. This buffer must be @ksize * bytes long. * @ksize: Size of @dst struct. * @src: Source address, in userspace. * @usize: (Alleged) size of @src struct. * * Copies a struct from userspace to kernel space, in a way that guarantees * backwards-compatibility for struct syscall arguments (as long as future * struct extensions are made such that all new fields are *appended* to the * old struct, and zeroed-out new fields have the same meaning as the old * struct). * * @ksize is just sizeof(*dst), and @usize should've been passed by userspace. * The recommended usage is something like the following: * * SYSCALL_DEFINE2(foobar, const struct foo __user *, uarg, size_t, usize) * { * int err; * struct foo karg = {}; * * if (usize > PAGE_SIZE) * return -E2BIG; * if (usize < FOO_SIZE_VER0) * return -EINVAL; * * err = copy_struct_from_user(&karg, sizeof(karg), uarg, usize); * if (err) * return err; * * // ... * } * * There are three cases to consider: * * If @usize == @ksize, then it's copied verbatim. * * If @usize < @ksize, then the userspace has passed an old struct to a * newer kernel. The rest of the trailing bytes in @dst (@ksize - @usize) * are to be zero-filled. * * If @usize > @ksize, then the userspace has passed a new struct to an * older kernel. The trailing bytes unknown to the kernel (@usize - @ksize) * are checked to ensure they are zeroed, otherwise -E2BIG is returned. * * Returns (in all cases, some data may have been copied): * * -E2BIG: (@usize > @ksize) and there are non-zero trailing bytes in @src. * * -EFAULT: access to userspace failed. */ static __always_inline __must_check int copy_struct_from_user(void *dst, size_t ksize, const void __user *src, size_t usize) { size_t size = min(ksize, usize); size_t rest = max(ksize, usize) - size; /* Deal with trailing bytes. */ if (usize < ksize) { memset(dst + size, 0, rest); } else if (usize > ksize) { int ret = check_zeroed_user(src + size, rest); if (ret <= 0) return ret ?: -E2BIG; } /* Copy the interoperable parts of the struct. */ if (copy_from_user(dst, src, size)) return -EFAULT; return 0; } bool copy_from_kernel_nofault_allowed(const void *unsafe_src, size_t size); long copy_from_kernel_nofault(void *dst, const void *src, size_t size); long notrace copy_to_kernel_nofault(void *dst, const void *src, size_t size); long copy_from_user_nofault(void *dst, const void __user *src, size_t size); long notrace copy_to_user_nofault(void __user *dst, const void *src, size_t size); long strncpy_from_kernel_nofault(char *dst, const void *unsafe_addr, long count); long strncpy_from_user_nofault(char *dst, const void __user *unsafe_addr, long count); long strnlen_user_nofault(const void __user *unsafe_addr, long count); /** * get_kernel_nofault(): safely attempt to read from a location * @val: read into this variable * @ptr: address to read from * * Returns 0 on success, or -EFAULT. */ #define get_kernel_nofault(val, ptr) ({ \ const typeof(val) *__gk_ptr = (ptr); \ copy_from_kernel_nofault(&(val), __gk_ptr, sizeof(val));\ }) #ifndef user_access_begin #define user_access_begin(ptr,len) access_ok(ptr, len) #define user_access_end() do { } while (0) #define unsafe_op_wrap(op, err) do { if (unlikely(op)) goto err; } while (0) #define unsafe_get_user(x,p,e) unsafe_op_wrap(__get_user(x,p),e) #define unsafe_put_user(x,p,e) unsafe_op_wrap(__put_user(x,p),e) #define unsafe_copy_to_user(d,s,l,e) unsafe_op_wrap(__copy_to_user(d,s,l),e) static inline unsigned long user_access_save(void) { return 0UL; } static inline void user_access_restore(unsigned long flags) { } #endif #ifndef user_write_access_begin #define user_write_access_begin user_access_begin #define user_write_access_end user_access_end #endif #ifndef user_read_access_begin #define user_read_access_begin user_access_begin #define user_read_access_end user_access_end #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY void usercopy_warn(const char *name, const char *detail, bool to_user, unsigned long offset, unsigned long len); void __noreturn usercopy_abort(const char *name, const char *detail, bool to_user, unsigned long offset, unsigned long len); #endif #endif /* __LINUX_UACCESS_H__ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_KPROBES_H #define _ASM_X86_KPROBES_H /* * Kernel Probes (KProbes) * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004 * * See arch/x86/kernel/kprobes.c for x86 kprobes history. */ #include <asm-generic/kprobes.h> #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <asm/text-patching.h> #include <asm/insn.h> #define __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT struct pt_regs; struct kprobe; typedef u8 kprobe_opcode_t; #define MAX_STACK_SIZE 64 #define CUR_STACK_SIZE(ADDR) \ (current_top_of_stack() - (unsigned long)(ADDR)) #define MIN_STACK_SIZE(ADDR) \ (MAX_STACK_SIZE < CUR_STACK_SIZE(ADDR) ? \ MAX_STACK_SIZE : CUR_STACK_SIZE(ADDR)) #define flush_insn_slot(p) do { } while (0) /* optinsn template addresses */ extern __visible kprobe_opcode_t optprobe_template_entry[]; extern __visible kprobe_opcode_t optprobe_template_clac[]; extern __visible kprobe_opcode_t optprobe_template_val[]; extern __visible kprobe_opcode_t optprobe_template_call[]; extern __visible kprobe_opcode_t optprobe_template_end[]; #define MAX_OPTIMIZED_LENGTH (MAX_INSN_SIZE + DISP32_SIZE) #define MAX_OPTINSN_SIZE \ (((unsigned long)optprobe_template_end - \ (unsigned long)optprobe_template_entry) + \ MAX_OPTIMIZED_LENGTH + JMP32_INSN_SIZE) extern const int kretprobe_blacklist_size; void arch_remove_kprobe(struct kprobe *p); asmlinkage void kretprobe_trampoline(void); extern void arch_kprobe_override_function(struct pt_regs *regs); /* Architecture specific copy of original instruction*/ struct arch_specific_insn { /* copy of the original instruction */ kprobe_opcode_t *insn; /* * boostable = false: This instruction type is not boostable. * boostable = true: This instruction has been boosted: we have * added a relative jump after the instruction copy in insn, * so no single-step and fixup are needed (unless there's * a post_handler). */ bool boostable; bool if_modifier; /* Number of bytes of text poked */ int tp_len; }; struct arch_optimized_insn { /* copy of the original instructions */ kprobe_opcode_t copied_insn[DISP32_SIZE]; /* detour code buffer */ kprobe_opcode_t *insn; /* the size of instructions copied to detour code buffer */ size_t size; }; /* Return true (!0) if optinsn is prepared for optimization. */ static inline int arch_prepared_optinsn(struct arch_optimized_insn *optinsn) { return optinsn->size; } struct prev_kprobe { struct kprobe *kp; unsigned long status; unsigned long old_flags; unsigned long saved_flags; }; /* per-cpu kprobe control block */ struct kprobe_ctlblk { unsigned long kprobe_status; unsigned long kprobe_old_flags; unsigned long kprobe_saved_flags; struct prev_kprobe prev_kprobe; }; extern int kprobe_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr); extern int kprobe_exceptions_notify(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long val, void *data); extern int kprobe_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *regs); extern int kprobe_debug_handler(struct pt_regs *regs); #else static inline int kprobe_debug_handler(struct pt_regs *regs) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_KPROBES */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_KPROBES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __ASM_GENERIC_GETORDER_H #define __ASM_GENERIC_GETORDER_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/log2.h> /** * get_order - Determine the allocation order of a memory size * @size: The size for which to get the order * * Determine the allocation order of a particular sized block of memory. This * is on a logarithmic scale, where: * * 0 -> 2^0 * PAGE_SIZE and below * 1 -> 2^1 * PAGE_SIZE to 2^0 * PAGE_SIZE + 1 * 2 -> 2^2 * PAGE_SIZE to 2^1 * PAGE_SIZE + 1 * 3 -> 2^3 * PAGE_SIZE to 2^2 * PAGE_SIZE + 1 * 4 -> 2^4 * PAGE_SIZE to 2^3 * PAGE_SIZE + 1 * ... * * The order returned is used to find the smallest allocation granule required * to hold an object of the specified size. * * The result is undefined if the size is 0. */ static inline __attribute_const__ int get_order(unsigned long size) { if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { if (!size) return BITS_PER_LONG - PAGE_SHIFT; if (size < (1UL << PAGE_SHIFT)) return 0; return ilog2((size) - 1) - PAGE_SHIFT + 1; } size--; size >>= PAGE_SHIFT; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 return fls(size); #else return fls64(size); #endif } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* __ASM_GENERIC_GETORDER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PIPE_FS_I_H #define _LINUX_PIPE_FS_I_H #define PIPE_DEF_BUFFERS 16 #define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_LRU 0x01 /* page is on the LRU */ #define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_ATOMIC 0x02 /* was atomically mapped */ #define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_GIFT 0x04 /* page is a gift */ #define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_PACKET 0x08 /* read() as a packet */ #define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_CAN_MERGE 0x10 /* can merge buffers */ #define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_WHOLE 0x20 /* read() must return entire buffer or error */ #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE #define PIPE_BUF_FLAG_LOSS 0x40 /* Message loss happened after this buffer */ #endif /** * struct pipe_buffer - a linux kernel pipe buffer * @page: the page containing the data for the pipe buffer * @offset: offset of data inside the @page * @len: length of data inside the @page * @ops: operations associated with this buffer. See @pipe_buf_operations. * @flags: pipe buffer flags. See above. * @private: private data owned by the ops. **/ struct pipe_buffer { struct page *page; unsigned int offset, len; const struct pipe_buf_operations *ops; unsigned int flags; unsigned long private; }; /** * struct pipe_inode_info - a linux kernel pipe * @mutex: mutex protecting the whole thing * @rd_wait: reader wait point in case of empty pipe * @wr_wait: writer wait point in case of full pipe * @head: The point of buffer production * @tail: The point of buffer consumption * @note_loss: The next read() should insert a data-lost message * @max_usage: The maximum number of slots that may be used in the ring * @ring_size: total number of buffers (should be a power of 2) * @nr_accounted: The amount this pipe accounts for in user->pipe_bufs * @tmp_page: cached released page * @readers: number of current readers of this pipe * @writers: number of current writers of this pipe * @files: number of struct file referring this pipe (protected by ->i_lock) * @r_counter: reader counter * @w_counter: writer counter * @poll_usage: is this pipe used for epoll, which has crazy wakeups? * @fasync_readers: reader side fasync * @fasync_writers: writer side fasync * @bufs: the circular array of pipe buffers * @user: the user who created this pipe * @watch_queue: If this pipe is a watch_queue, this is the stuff for that **/ struct pipe_inode_info { struct mutex mutex; wait_queue_head_t rd_wait, wr_wait; unsigned int head; unsigned int tail; unsigned int max_usage; unsigned int ring_size; #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE bool note_loss; #endif unsigned int nr_accounted; unsigned int readers; unsigned int writers; unsigned int files; unsigned int r_counter; unsigned int w_counter; unsigned int poll_usage; struct page *tmp_page; struct fasync_struct *fasync_readers; struct fasync_struct *fasync_writers; struct pipe_buffer *bufs; struct user_struct *user; #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE struct watch_queue *watch_queue; #endif }; /* * Note on the nesting of these functions: * * ->confirm() * ->try_steal() * * That is, ->try_steal() must be called on a confirmed buffer. See below for * the meaning of each operation. Also see the kerneldoc in fs/pipe.c for the * pipe and generic variants of these hooks. */ struct pipe_buf_operations { /* * ->confirm() verifies that the data in the pipe buffer is there * and that the contents are good. If the pages in the pipe belong * to a file system, we may need to wait for IO completion in this * hook. Returns 0 for good, or a negative error value in case of * error. If not present all pages are considered good. */ int (*confirm)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *); /* * When the contents of this pipe buffer has been completely * consumed by a reader, ->release() is called. */ void (*release)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *); /* * Attempt to take ownership of the pipe buffer and its contents. * ->try_steal() returns %true for success, in which case the contents * of the pipe (the buf->page) is locked and now completely owned by the * caller. The page may then be transferred to a different mapping, the * most often used case is insertion into different file address space * cache. */ bool (*try_steal)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *); /* * Get a reference to the pipe buffer. */ bool (*get)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *); }; /** * pipe_empty - Return true if the pipe is empty * @head: The pipe ring head pointer * @tail: The pipe ring tail pointer */ static inline bool pipe_empty(unsigned int head, unsigned int tail) { return head == tail; } /** * pipe_occupancy - Return number of slots used in the pipe * @head: The pipe ring head pointer * @tail: The pipe ring tail pointer */ static inline unsigned int pipe_occupancy(unsigned int head, unsigned int tail) { return head - tail; } /** * pipe_full - Return true if the pipe is full * @head: The pipe ring head pointer * @tail: The pipe ring tail pointer * @limit: The maximum amount of slots available. */ static inline bool pipe_full(unsigned int head, unsigned int tail, unsigned int limit) { return pipe_occupancy(head, tail) >= limit; } /** * pipe_space_for_user - Return number of slots available to userspace * @head: The pipe ring head pointer * @tail: The pipe ring tail pointer * @pipe: The pipe info structure */ static inline unsigned int pipe_space_for_user(unsigned int head, unsigned int tail, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe) { unsigned int p_occupancy, p_space; p_occupancy = pipe_occupancy(head, tail); if (p_occupancy >= pipe->max_usage) return 0; p_space = pipe->ring_size - p_occupancy; if (p_space > pipe->max_usage) p_space = pipe->max_usage; return p_space; } /** * pipe_buf_get - get a reference to a pipe_buffer * @pipe: the pipe that the buffer belongs to * @buf: the buffer to get a reference to * * Return: %true if the reference was successfully obtained. */ static inline __must_check bool pipe_buf_get(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct pipe_buffer *buf) { return buf->ops->get(pipe, buf); } /** * pipe_buf_release - put a reference to a pipe_buffer * @pipe: the pipe that the buffer belongs to * @buf: the buffer to put a reference to */ static inline void pipe_buf_release(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct pipe_buffer *buf) { const struct pipe_buf_operations *ops = buf->ops; buf->ops = NULL; ops->release(pipe, buf); } /** * pipe_buf_confirm - verify contents of the pipe buffer * @pipe: the pipe that the buffer belongs to * @buf: the buffer to confirm */ static inline int pipe_buf_confirm(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct pipe_buffer *buf) { if (!buf->ops->confirm) return 0; return buf->ops->confirm(pipe, buf); } /** * pipe_buf_try_steal - attempt to take ownership of a pipe_buffer * @pipe: the pipe that the buffer belongs to * @buf: the buffer to attempt to steal */ static inline bool pipe_buf_try_steal(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct pipe_buffer *buf) { if (!buf->ops->try_steal) return false; return buf->ops->try_steal(pipe, buf); } /* Differs from PIPE_BUF in that PIPE_SIZE is the length of the actual memory allocation, whereas PIPE_BUF makes atomicity guarantees. */ #define PIPE_SIZE PAGE_SIZE /* Pipe lock and unlock operations */ void pipe_lock(struct pipe_inode_info *); void pipe_unlock(struct pipe_inode_info *); void pipe_double_lock(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_inode_info *); extern unsigned int pipe_max_size; extern unsigned long pipe_user_pages_hard; extern unsigned long pipe_user_pages_soft; /* Wait for a pipe to be readable/writable while dropping the pipe lock */ void pipe_wait_readable(struct pipe_inode_info *); void pipe_wait_writable(struct pipe_inode_info *); struct pipe_inode_info *alloc_pipe_info(void); void free_pipe_info(struct pipe_inode_info *); /* Generic pipe buffer ops functions */ bool generic_pipe_buf_get(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *); bool generic_pipe_buf_try_steal(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *); void generic_pipe_buf_release(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct pipe_buffer *); extern const struct pipe_buf_operations nosteal_pipe_buf_ops; #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE unsigned long account_pipe_buffers(struct user_struct *user, unsigned long old, unsigned long new); bool too_many_pipe_buffers_soft(unsigned long user_bufs); bool too_many_pipe_buffers_hard(unsigned long user_bufs); bool pipe_is_unprivileged_user(void); #endif /* for F_SETPIPE_SZ and F_GETPIPE_SZ */ #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE int pipe_resize_ring(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, unsigned int nr_slots); #endif long pipe_fcntl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long arg); struct pipe_inode_info *get_pipe_info(struct file *file, bool for_splice); int create_pipe_files(struct file **, int); unsigned int round_pipe_size(unsigned long size); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note */ /* * include/linux/eventpoll.h ( Efficient event polling implementation ) * Copyright (C) 2001,...,2006 Davide Libenzi * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or * (at your option) any later version. * * Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> * */ #ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H #define _UAPI_LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H /* For O_CLOEXEC */ #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/types.h> /* Flags for epoll_create1. */ #define EPOLL_CLOEXEC O_CLOEXEC /* Valid opcodes to issue to sys_epoll_ctl() */ #define EPOLL_CTL_ADD 1 #define EPOLL_CTL_DEL 2 #define EPOLL_CTL_MOD 3 /* Epoll event masks */ #define EPOLLIN (__force __poll_t)0x00000001 #define EPOLLPRI (__force __poll_t)0x00000002 #define EPOLLOUT (__force __poll_t)0x00000004 #define EPOLLERR (__force __poll_t)0x00000008 #define EPOLLHUP (__force __poll_t)0x00000010 #define EPOLLNVAL (__force __poll_t)0x00000020 #define EPOLLRDNORM (__force __poll_t)0x00000040 #define EPOLLRDBAND (__force __poll_t)0x00000080 #define EPOLLWRNORM (__force __poll_t)0x00000100 #define EPOLLWRBAND (__force __poll_t)0x00000200 #define EPOLLMSG (__force __poll_t)0x00000400 #define EPOLLRDHUP (__force __poll_t)0x00002000 /* Set exclusive wakeup mode for the target file descriptor */ #define EPOLLEXCLUSIVE ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 28)) /* * Request the handling of system wakeup events so as to prevent system suspends * from happening while those events are being processed. * * Assuming neither EPOLLET nor EPOLLONESHOT is set, system suspends will not be * re-allowed until epoll_wait is called again after consuming the wakeup * event(s). * * Requires CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND */ #define EPOLLWAKEUP ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 29)) /* Set the One Shot behaviour for the target file descriptor */ #define EPOLLONESHOT ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 30)) /* Set the Edge Triggered behaviour for the target file descriptor */ #define EPOLLET ((__force __poll_t)(1U << 31)) /* * On x86-64 make the 64bit structure have the same alignment as the * 32bit structure. This makes 32bit emulation easier. * * UML/x86_64 needs the same packing as x86_64 */ #ifdef __x86_64__ #define EPOLL_PACKED __attribute__((packed)) #else #define EPOLL_PACKED #endif struct epoll_event { __poll_t events; __u64 data; } EPOLL_PACKED; #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP static inline void ep_take_care_of_epollwakeup(struct epoll_event *epev) { if ((epev->events & EPOLLWAKEUP) && !capable(CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND)) epev->events &= ~EPOLLWAKEUP; } #else static inline void ep_take_care_of_epollwakeup(struct epoll_event *epev) { epev->events &= ~EPOLLWAKEUP; } #endif #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the UDP module. * * Version: @(#)udp.h 1.0.2 05/07/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> * * Fixes: * Alan Cox : Turned on udp checksums. I don't want to * chase 'memory corruption' bugs that aren't! */ #ifndef _UDP_H #define _UDP_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> /** * struct udp_skb_cb - UDP(-Lite) private variables * * @header: private variables used by IPv4/IPv6 * @cscov: checksum coverage length (UDP-Lite only) * @partial_cov: if set indicates partial csum coverage */ struct udp_skb_cb { union { struct inet_skb_parm h4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct inet6_skb_parm h6; #endif } header; __u16 cscov; __u8 partial_cov; }; #define UDP_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct udp_skb_cb *)((__skb)->cb)) /** * struct udp_hslot - UDP hash slot * * @head: head of list of sockets * @count: number of sockets in 'head' list * @lock: spinlock protecting changes to head/count */ struct udp_hslot { struct hlist_head head; int count; spinlock_t lock; } __attribute__((aligned(2 * sizeof(long)))); /** * struct udp_table - UDP table * * @hash: hash table, sockets are hashed on (local port) * @hash2: hash table, sockets are hashed on (local port, local address) * @mask: number of slots in hash tables, minus 1 * @log: log2(number of slots in hash table) */ struct udp_table { struct udp_hslot *hash; struct udp_hslot *hash2; unsigned int mask; unsigned int log; }; extern struct udp_table udp_table; void udp_table_init(struct udp_table *, const char *); static inline struct udp_hslot *udp_hashslot(struct udp_table *table, struct net *net, unsigned int num) { return &table->hash[udp_hashfn(net, num, table->mask)]; } /* * For secondary hash, net_hash_mix() is performed before calling * udp_hashslot2(), this explains difference with udp_hashslot() */ static inline struct udp_hslot *udp_hashslot2(struct udp_table *table, unsigned int hash) { return &table->hash2[hash & table->mask]; } extern struct proto udp_prot; extern atomic_long_t udp_memory_allocated; /* sysctl variables for udp */ extern long sysctl_udp_mem[3]; extern int sysctl_udp_rmem_min; extern int sysctl_udp_wmem_min; struct sk_buff; /* * Generic checksumming routines for UDP(-Lite) v4 and v6 */ static inline __sum16 __udp_lib_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov == skb->len ? __skb_checksum_complete(skb) : __skb_checksum_complete_head(skb, UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov)); } static inline int udp_lib_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) && __udp_lib_checksum_complete(skb); } /** * udp_csum_outgoing - compute UDPv4/v6 checksum over fragments * @sk: socket we are writing to * @skb: sk_buff containing the filled-in UDP header * (checksum field must be zeroed out) */ static inline __wsum udp_csum_outgoing(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { __wsum csum = csum_partial(skb_transport_header(skb), sizeof(struct udphdr), 0); skb_queue_walk(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb) { csum = csum_add(csum, skb->csum); } return csum; } static inline __wsum udp_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { __wsum csum = csum_partial(skb_transport_header(skb), sizeof(struct udphdr), skb->csum); for (skb = skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list; skb; skb = skb->next) { csum = csum_add(csum, skb->csum); } return csum; } static inline __sum16 udp_v4_check(int len, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __wsum base) { return csum_tcpudp_magic(saddr, daddr, len, IPPROTO_UDP, base); } void udp_set_csum(bool nocheck, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, int len); static inline void udp_csum_pull_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb->csum_valid && skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) skb->csum = csum_partial(skb->data, sizeof(struct udphdr), skb->csum); skb_pull_rcsum(skb, sizeof(struct udphdr)); UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov -= sizeof(struct udphdr); } typedef struct sock *(*udp_lookup_t)(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 sport, __be16 dport); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(struct sk_buff *udp4_gro_receive(struct list_head *, struct sk_buff *)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int udp4_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *, int)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(struct sk_buff *udp6_gro_receive(struct list_head *, struct sk_buff *)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int udp6_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *, int)); struct sk_buff *udp_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb, struct udphdr *uh, struct sock *sk); int udp_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhoff, udp_lookup_t lookup); struct sk_buff *__udp_gso_segment(struct sk_buff *gso_skb, netdev_features_t features, bool is_ipv6); static inline struct udphdr *udp_gro_udphdr(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct udphdr *uh; unsigned int hlen, off; off = skb_gro_offset(skb); hlen = off + sizeof(*uh); uh = skb_gro_header_fast(skb, off); if (skb_gro_header_hard(skb, hlen)) uh = skb_gro_header_slow(skb, hlen, off); return uh; } /* hash routines shared between UDPv4/6 and UDP-Litev4/6 */ static inline int udp_lib_hash(struct sock *sk) { BUG(); return 0; } void udp_lib_unhash(struct sock *sk); void udp_lib_rehash(struct sock *sk, u16 new_hash); static inline void udp_lib_close(struct sock *sk, long timeout) { sk_common_release(sk); } int udp_lib_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum, unsigned int hash2_nulladdr); u32 udp_flow_hashrnd(void); static inline __be16 udp_flow_src_port(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, int min, int max, bool use_eth) { u32 hash; if (min >= max) { /* Use default range */ inet_get_local_port_range(net, &min, &max); } hash = skb_get_hash(skb); if (unlikely(!hash)) { if (use_eth) { /* Can't find a normal hash, caller has indicated an * Ethernet packet so use that to compute a hash. */ hash = jhash(skb->data, 2 * ETH_ALEN, (__force u32) skb->protocol); } else { /* Can't derive any sort of hash for the packet, set * to some consistent random value. */ hash = udp_flow_hashrnd(); } } /* Since this is being sent on the wire obfuscate hash a bit * to minimize possbility that any useful information to an * attacker is leaked. Only upper 16 bits are relevant in the * computation for 16 bit port value. */ hash ^= hash << 16; return htons((((u64) hash * (max - min)) >> 32) + min); } static inline int udp_rqueue_get(struct sock *sk) { return sk_rmem_alloc_get(sk) - READ_ONCE(udp_sk(sk)->forward_deficit); } static inline bool udp_sk_bound_dev_eq(struct net *net, int bound_dev_if, int dif, int sdif) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) return inet_bound_dev_eq(!!net->ipv4.sysctl_udp_l3mdev_accept, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #else return inet_bound_dev_eq(true, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #endif } /* net/ipv4/udp.c */ void udp_destruct_sock(struct sock *sk); void skb_consume_udp(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int len); int __udp_enqueue_schedule_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void udp_skb_destructor(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *__skb_recv_udp(struct sock *sk, unsigned int flags, int noblock, int *off, int *err); static inline struct sk_buff *skb_recv_udp(struct sock *sk, unsigned int flags, int noblock, int *err) { int off = 0; return __skb_recv_udp(sk, flags, noblock, &off, err); } int udp_v4_early_demux(struct sk_buff *skb); bool udp_sk_rx_dst_set(struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst); int udp_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum, int (*saddr_cmp)(const struct sock *, const struct sock *)); int udp_err(struct sk_buff *, u32); int udp_abort(struct sock *sk, int err); int udp_sendmsg(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len); int udp_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); void udp_flush_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); int udp_cmsg_send(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, u16 *gso_size); void udp4_hwcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 src, __be32 dst); int udp_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); int udp_ioctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, unsigned long arg); int udp_init_sock(struct sock *sk); int udp_pre_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); int __udp_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags); int udp_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags); __poll_t udp_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, poll_table *wait); struct sk_buff *skb_udp_tunnel_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features, bool is_ipv6); int udp_lib_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); int udp_lib_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen, int (*push_pending_frames)(struct sock *)); struct sock *udp4_lib_lookup(struct net *net, __be32 saddr, __be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif); struct sock *__udp4_lib_lookup(struct net *net, __be32 saddr, __be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif, int sdif, struct udp_table *tbl, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *udp4_lib_lookup_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 sport, __be16 dport); struct sock *udp6_lib_lookup(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *saddr, __be16 sport, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __be16 dport, int dif); struct sock *__udp6_lib_lookup(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *saddr, __be16 sport, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __be16 dport, int dif, int sdif, struct udp_table *tbl, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *udp6_lib_lookup_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 sport, __be16 dport); /* UDP uses skb->dev_scratch to cache as much information as possible and avoid * possibly multiple cache miss on dequeue() */ struct udp_dev_scratch { /* skb->truesize and the stateless bit are embedded in a single field; * do not use a bitfield since the compiler emits better/smaller code * this way */ u32 _tsize_state; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* len and the bit needed to compute skb_csum_unnecessary * will be on cold cache lines at recvmsg time. * skb->len can be stored on 16 bits since the udp header has been * already validated and pulled. */ u16 len; bool is_linear; bool csum_unnecessary; #endif }; static inline struct udp_dev_scratch *udp_skb_scratch(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct udp_dev_scratch *)&skb->dev_scratch; } #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 static inline unsigned int udp_skb_len(struct sk_buff *skb) { return udp_skb_scratch(skb)->len; } static inline bool udp_skb_csum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { return udp_skb_scratch(skb)->csum_unnecessary; } static inline bool udp_skb_is_linear(struct sk_buff *skb) { return udp_skb_scratch(skb)->is_linear; } #else static inline unsigned int udp_skb_len(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->len; } static inline bool udp_skb_csum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_csum_unnecessary(skb); } static inline bool udp_skb_is_linear(struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb_is_nonlinear(skb); } #endif static inline int copy_linear_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int len, int off, struct iov_iter *to) { int n; n = copy_to_iter(skb->data + off, len, to); if (n == len) return 0; iov_iter_revert(to, n); return -EFAULT; } /* * SNMP statistics for UDP and UDP-Lite */ #define UDP_INC_STATS(net, field, is_udplite) do { \ if (is_udplite) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_statistics, field); \ else SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_statistics, field); } while(0) #define __UDP_INC_STATS(net, field, is_udplite) do { \ if (is_udplite) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_statistics, field); \ else __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_statistics, field); } while(0) #define __UDP6_INC_STATS(net, field, is_udplite) do { \ if (is_udplite) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_stats_in6, field);\ else __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_stats_in6, field); \ } while(0) #define UDP6_INC_STATS(net, field, __lite) do { \ if (__lite) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_stats_in6, field); \ else SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_stats_in6, field); \ } while(0) #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) #define __UDPX_MIB(sk, ipv4) \ ({ \ ipv4 ? (IS_UDPLITE(sk) ? sock_net(sk)->mib.udplite_statistics : \ sock_net(sk)->mib.udp_statistics) : \ (IS_UDPLITE(sk) ? sock_net(sk)->mib.udplite_stats_in6 : \ sock_net(sk)->mib.udp_stats_in6); \ }) #else #define __UDPX_MIB(sk, ipv4) \ ({ \ IS_UDPLITE(sk) ? sock_net(sk)->mib.udplite_statistics : \ sock_net(sk)->mib.udp_statistics; \ }) #endif #define __UDPX_INC_STATS(sk, field) \ __SNMP_INC_STATS(__UDPX_MIB(sk, (sk)->sk_family == AF_INET), field) #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct udp_seq_afinfo { sa_family_t family; struct udp_table *udp_table; }; struct udp_iter_state { struct seq_net_private p; int bucket; struct udp_seq_afinfo *bpf_seq_afinfo; }; void *udp_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos); void *udp_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); void udp_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); extern const struct seq_operations udp_seq_ops; extern const struct seq_operations udp6_seq_ops; int udp4_proc_init(void); void udp4_proc_exit(void); #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ int udpv4_offload_init(void); void udp_init(void); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(udp_encap_needed_key); void udp_encap_enable(void); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(udpv6_encap_needed_key); void udpv6_encap_enable(void); #endif static inline struct sk_buff *udp_rcv_segment(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, bool ipv4) { netdev_features_t features = NETIF_F_SG; struct sk_buff *segs; /* Avoid csum recalculation by skb_segment unless userspace explicitly * asks for the final checksum values */ if (!inet_get_convert_csum(sk)) features |= NETIF_F_IP_CSUM | NETIF_F_IPV6_CSUM; /* UDP segmentation expects packets of type CHECKSUM_PARTIAL or * CHECKSUM_NONE in __udp_gso_segment. UDP GRO indeed builds partial * packets in udp_gro_complete_segment. As does UDP GSO, verified by * udp_send_skb. But when those packets are looped in dev_loopback_xmit * their ip_summed CHECKSUM_NONE is changed to CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY. * Reset in this specific case, where PARTIAL is both correct and * required. */ if (skb->pkt_type == PACKET_LOOPBACK) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL; /* the GSO CB lays after the UDP one, no need to save and restore any * CB fragment */ segs = __skb_gso_segment(skb, features, false); if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(segs)) { int segs_nr = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs; atomic_add(segs_nr, &sk->sk_drops); SNMP_ADD_STATS(__UDPX_MIB(sk, ipv4), UDP_MIB_INERRORS, segs_nr); kfree_skb(skb); return NULL; } consume_skb(skb); return segs; } #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_STREAM_PARSER struct sk_psock; struct proto *udp_bpf_get_proto(struct sock *sk, struct sk_psock *psock); #endif /* BPF_STREAM_PARSER */ #endif /* _UDP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_SECTIONS_H_ #define _ASM_GENERIC_SECTIONS_H_ /* References to section boundaries */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> /* * Usage guidelines: * _text, _data: architecture specific, don't use them in arch-independent code * [_stext, _etext]: contains .text.* sections, may also contain .rodata.* * and/or .init.* sections * [_sdata, _edata]: contains .data.* sections, may also contain .rodata.* * and/or .init.* sections. * [__start_rodata, __end_rodata]: contains .rodata.* sections * [__start_ro_after_init, __end_ro_after_init]: * contains .data..ro_after_init section * [__init_begin, __init_end]: contains .init.* sections, but .init.text.* * may be out of this range on some architectures. * [_sinittext, _einittext]: contains .init.text.* sections * [__bss_start, __bss_stop]: contains BSS sections * * Following global variables are optional and may be unavailable on some * architectures and/or kernel configurations. * _text, _data * __kprobes_text_start, __kprobes_text_end * __entry_text_start, __entry_text_end * __ctors_start, __ctors_end * __irqentry_text_start, __irqentry_text_end * __softirqentry_text_start, __softirqentry_text_end * __start_opd, __end_opd */ extern char _text[], _stext[], _etext[]; extern char _data[], _sdata[], _edata[]; extern char __bss_start[], __bss_stop[]; extern char __init_begin[], __init_end[]; extern char _sinittext[], _einittext[]; extern char __start_ro_after_init[], __end_ro_after_init[]; extern char _end[]; extern char __per_cpu_load[], __per_cpu_start[], __per_cpu_end[]; extern char __kprobes_text_start[], __kprobes_text_end[]; extern char __entry_text_start[], __entry_text_end[]; extern char __start_rodata[], __end_rodata[]; extern char __irqentry_text_start[], __irqentry_text_end[]; extern char __softirqentry_text_start[], __softirqentry_text_end[]; extern char __start_once[], __end_once[]; /* Start and end of .ctors section - used for constructor calls. */ extern char __ctors_start[], __ctors_end[]; /* Start and end of .opd section - used for function descriptors. */ extern char __start_opd[], __end_opd[]; /* Start and end of instrumentation protected text section */ extern char __noinstr_text_start[], __noinstr_text_end[]; extern __visible const void __nosave_begin, __nosave_end; /* Function descriptor handling (if any). Override in asm/sections.h */ #ifndef dereference_function_descriptor #define dereference_function_descriptor(p) ((void *)(p)) #define dereference_kernel_function_descriptor(p) ((void *)(p)) #endif /* random extra sections (if any). Override * in asm/sections.h */ #ifndef arch_is_kernel_text static inline int arch_is_kernel_text(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef arch_is_kernel_data static inline int arch_is_kernel_data(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /* * Check if an address is part of freed initmem. This is needed on architectures * with virt == phys kernel mapping, for code that wants to check if an address * is part of a static object within [_stext, _end]. After initmem is freed, * memory can be allocated from it, and such allocations would then have * addresses within the range [_stext, _end]. */ #ifndef arch_is_kernel_initmem_freed static inline int arch_is_kernel_initmem_freed(unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /** * memory_contains - checks if an object is contained within a memory region * @begin: virtual address of the beginning of the memory region * @end: virtual address of the end of the memory region * @virt: virtual address of the memory object * @size: size of the memory object * * Returns: true if the object specified by @virt and @size is entirely * contained within the memory region defined by @begin and @end, false * otherwise. */ static inline bool memory_contains(void *begin, void *end, void *virt, size_t size) { return virt >= begin && virt + size <= end; } /** * memory_intersects - checks if the region occupied by an object intersects * with another memory region * @begin: virtual address of the beginning of the memory regien * @end: virtual address of the end of the memory region * @virt: virtual address of the memory object * @size: size of the memory object * * Returns: true if an object's memory region, specified by @virt and @size, * intersects with the region specified by @begin and @end, false otherwise. */ static inline bool memory_intersects(void *begin, void *end, void *virt, size_t size) { void *vend = virt + size; return (virt >= begin && virt < end) || (vend >= begin && vend < end); } /** * init_section_contains - checks if an object is contained within the init * section * @virt: virtual address of the memory object * @size: size of the memory object * * Returns: true if the object specified by @virt and @size is entirely * contained within the init section, false otherwise. */ static inline bool init_section_contains(void *virt, size_t size) { return memory_contains(__init_begin, __init_end, virt, size); } /** * init_section_intersects - checks if the region occupied by an object * intersects with the init section * @virt: virtual address of the memory object * @size: size of the memory object * * Returns: true if an object's memory region, specified by @virt and @size, * intersects with the init section, false otherwise. */ static inline bool init_section_intersects(void *virt, size_t size) { return memory_intersects(__init_begin, __init_end, virt, size); } /** * is_kernel_rodata - checks if the pointer address is located in the * .rodata section * * @addr: address to check * * Returns: true if the address is located in .rodata, false otherwise. */ static inline bool is_kernel_rodata(unsigned long addr) { return addr >= (unsigned long)__start_rodata && addr < (unsigned long)__end_rodata; } #endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_SECTIONS_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions of the Internet Protocol. * * Version: @(#)in.h 1.0.1 04/21/93 * * Authors: Original taken from the GNU Project <netinet/in.h> file. * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _LINUX_IN_H #define _LINUX_IN_H #include <linux/errno.h> #include <uapi/linux/in.h> static inline int proto_ports_offset(int proto) { switch (proto) { case IPPROTO_TCP: case IPPROTO_UDP: case IPPROTO_DCCP: case IPPROTO_ESP: /* SPI */ case IPPROTO_SCTP: case IPPROTO_UDPLITE: return 0; case IPPROTO_AH: /* SPI */ return 4; default: return -EINVAL; } } static inline bool ipv4_is_loopback(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xff000000)) == htonl(0x7f000000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_multicast(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xf0000000)) == htonl(0xe0000000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_local_multicast(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffffff00)) == htonl(0xe0000000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_lbcast(__be32 addr) { /* limited broadcast */ return addr == htonl(INADDR_BROADCAST); } static inline bool ipv4_is_all_snoopers(__be32 addr) { return addr == htonl(INADDR_ALLSNOOPERS_GROUP); } static inline bool ipv4_is_zeronet(__be32 addr) { return (addr == 0); } /* Special-Use IPv4 Addresses (RFC3330) */ static inline bool ipv4_is_private_10(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xff000000)) == htonl(0x0a000000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_private_172(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xfff00000)) == htonl(0xac100000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_private_192(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffff0000)) == htonl(0xc0a80000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_linklocal_169(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffff0000)) == htonl(0xa9fe0000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_anycast_6to4(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffffff00)) == htonl(0xc0586300); } static inline bool ipv4_is_test_192(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffffff00)) == htonl(0xc0000200); } static inline bool ipv4_is_test_198(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xfffe0000)) == htonl(0xc6120000); } #endif /* _LINUX_IN_H */
1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Access vector cache interface for object managers. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> */ #ifndef _SELINUX_AVC_H_ #define _SELINUX_AVC_H_ #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/lsm_audit.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include "flask.h" #include "av_permissions.h" #include "security.h" /* * An entry in the AVC. */ struct avc_entry; struct task_struct; struct inode; struct sock; struct sk_buff; /* * AVC statistics */ struct avc_cache_stats { unsigned int lookups; unsigned int misses; unsigned int allocations; unsigned int reclaims; unsigned int frees; }; /* * We only need this data after we have decided to send an audit message. */ struct selinux_audit_data { u32 ssid; u32 tsid; u16 tclass; u32 requested; u32 audited; u32 denied; int result; struct selinux_state *state; }; /* * AVC operations */ void __init avc_init(void); static inline u32 avc_audit_required(u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, int result, u32 auditdeny, u32 *deniedp) { u32 denied, audited; denied = requested & ~avd->allowed; if (unlikely(denied)) { audited = denied & avd->auditdeny; /* * auditdeny is TRICKY! Setting a bit in * this field means that ANY denials should NOT be audited if * the policy contains an explicit dontaudit rule for that * permission. Take notice that this is unrelated to the * actual permissions that were denied. As an example lets * assume: * * denied == READ * avd.auditdeny & ACCESS == 0 (not set means explicit rule) * auditdeny & ACCESS == 1 * * We will NOT audit the denial even though the denied * permission was READ and the auditdeny checks were for * ACCESS */ if (auditdeny && !(auditdeny & avd->auditdeny)) audited = 0; } else if (result) audited = denied = requested; else audited = requested & avd->auditallow; *deniedp = denied; return audited; } int slow_avc_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u32 audited, u32 denied, int result, struct common_audit_data *a); /** * avc_audit - Audit the granting or denial of permissions. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions * @avd: access vector decisions * @result: result from avc_has_perm_noaudit * @a: auxiliary audit data * @flags: VFS walk flags * * Audit the granting or denial of permissions in accordance * with the policy. This function is typically called by * avc_has_perm() after a permission check, but can also be * called directly by callers who use avc_has_perm_noaudit() * in order to separate the permission check from the auditing. * For example, this separation is useful when the permission check must * be performed under a lock, to allow the lock to be released * before calling the auditing code. */ static inline int avc_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, int result, struct common_audit_data *a, int flags) { u32 audited, denied; audited = avc_audit_required(requested, avd, result, 0, &denied); if (likely(!audited)) return 0; /* fall back to ref-walk if we have to generate audit */ if (flags & MAY_NOT_BLOCK) return -ECHILD; return slow_avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, audited, denied, result, a); } #define AVC_STRICT 1 /* Ignore permissive mode. */ #define AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS 2 /* update extended permissions */ #define AVC_NONBLOCKING 4 /* non blocking */ int avc_has_perm_noaudit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, unsigned flags, struct av_decision *avd); int avc_has_perm(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata); int avc_has_perm_flags(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata, int flags); int avc_has_extended_perms(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 perm, struct common_audit_data *ad); u32 avc_policy_seqno(struct selinux_state *state); #define AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT 1 #define AVC_CALLBACK_TRY_REVOKE 2 #define AVC_CALLBACK_REVOKE 4 #define AVC_CALLBACK_RESET 8 #define AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_ENABLE 16 #define AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_DISABLE 32 #define AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_ENABLE 64 #define AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_DISABLE 128 #define AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS 256 int avc_add_callback(int (*callback)(u32 event), u32 events); /* Exported to selinuxfs */ struct selinux_avc; int avc_get_hash_stats(struct selinux_avc *avc, char *page); unsigned int avc_get_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc); void avc_set_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc, unsigned int cache_threshold); /* Attempt to free avc node cache */ void avc_disable(void); #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct avc_cache_stats, avc_cache_stats); #endif #endif /* _SELINUX_AVC_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* Freezer declarations */ #ifndef FREEZER_H_INCLUDED #define FREEZER_H_INCLUDED #include <linux/debug_locks.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #ifdef CONFIG_FREEZER extern atomic_t system_freezing_cnt; /* nr of freezing conds in effect */ extern bool pm_freezing; /* PM freezing in effect */ extern bool pm_nosig_freezing; /* PM nosig freezing in effect */ /* * Timeout for stopping processes */ extern unsigned int freeze_timeout_msecs; /* * Check if a process has been frozen */ static inline bool frozen(struct task_struct *p) { return p->flags & PF_FROZEN; } extern bool freezing_slow_path(struct task_struct *p); /* * Check if there is a request to freeze a process */ static inline bool freezing(struct task_struct *p) { if (likely(!atomic_read(&system_freezing_cnt))) return false; return freezing_slow_path(p); } /* Takes and releases task alloc lock using task_lock() */ extern void __thaw_task(struct task_struct *t); extern bool __refrigerator(bool check_kthr_stop); extern int freeze_processes(void); extern int freeze_kernel_threads(void); extern void thaw_processes(void); extern void thaw_kernel_threads(void); /* * DO NOT ADD ANY NEW CALLERS OF THIS FUNCTION * If try_to_freeze causes a lockdep warning it means the caller may deadlock */ static inline bool try_to_freeze_unsafe(void) { might_sleep(); if (likely(!freezing(current))) return false; return __refrigerator(false); } static inline bool try_to_freeze(void) { if (!(current->flags & PF_NOFREEZE)) debug_check_no_locks_held(); return try_to_freeze_unsafe(); } extern bool freeze_task(struct task_struct *p); extern bool set_freezable(void); #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_FREEZER extern bool cgroup_freezing(struct task_struct *task); #else /* !CONFIG_CGROUP_FREEZER */ static inline bool cgroup_freezing(struct task_struct *task) { return false; } #endif /* !CONFIG_CGROUP_FREEZER */ /* * The PF_FREEZER_SKIP flag should be set by a vfork parent right before it * calls wait_for_completion(&vfork) and reset right after it returns from this * function. Next, the parent should call try_to_freeze() to freeze itself * appropriately in case the child has exited before the freezing of tasks is * complete. However, we don't want kernel threads to be frozen in unexpected * places, so we allow them to block freeze_processes() instead or to set * PF_NOFREEZE if needed. Fortunately, in the ____call_usermodehelper() case the * parent won't really block freeze_processes(), since ____call_usermodehelper() * (the child) does a little before exec/exit and it can't be frozen before * waking up the parent. */ /** * freezer_do_not_count - tell freezer to ignore %current * * Tell freezers to ignore the current task when determining whether the * target frozen state is reached. IOW, the current task will be * considered frozen enough by freezers. * * The caller shouldn't do anything which isn't allowed for a frozen task * until freezer_cont() is called. Usually, freezer[_do_not]_count() pair * wrap a scheduling operation and nothing much else. */ static inline void freezer_do_not_count(void) { current->flags |= PF_FREEZER_SKIP; } /** * freezer_count - tell freezer to stop ignoring %current * * Undo freezer_do_not_count(). It tells freezers that %current should be * considered again and tries to freeze if freezing condition is already in * effect. */ static inline void freezer_count(void) { current->flags &= ~PF_FREEZER_SKIP; /* * If freezing is in progress, the following paired with smp_mb() * in freezer_should_skip() ensures that either we see %true * freezing() or freezer_should_skip() sees !PF_FREEZER_SKIP. */ smp_mb(); try_to_freeze(); } /* DO NOT ADD ANY NEW CALLERS OF THIS FUNCTION */ static inline void freezer_count_unsafe(void) { current->flags &= ~PF_FREEZER_SKIP; smp_mb(); try_to_freeze_unsafe(); } /** * freezer_should_skip - whether to skip a task when determining frozen * state is reached * @p: task in quesion * * This function is used by freezers after establishing %true freezing() to * test whether a task should be skipped when determining the target frozen * state is reached. IOW, if this function returns %true, @p is considered * frozen enough. */ static inline bool freezer_should_skip(struct task_struct *p) { /* * The following smp_mb() paired with the one in freezer_count() * ensures that either freezer_count() sees %true freezing() or we * see cleared %PF_FREEZER_SKIP and return %false. This makes it * impossible for a task to slip frozen state testing after * clearing %PF_FREEZER_SKIP. */ smp_mb(); return p->flags & PF_FREEZER_SKIP; } /* * These functions are intended to be used whenever you want allow a sleeping * task to be frozen. Note that neither return any clear indication of * whether a freeze event happened while in this function. */ /* Like schedule(), but should not block the freezer. */ static inline void freezable_schedule(void) { freezer_do_not_count(); schedule(); freezer_count(); } /* DO NOT ADD ANY NEW CALLERS OF THIS FUNCTION */ static inline void freezable_schedule_unsafe(void) { freezer_do_not_count(); schedule(); freezer_count_unsafe(); } /* * Like schedule_timeout(), but should not block the freezer. Do not * call this with locks held. */ static inline long freezable_schedule_timeout(long timeout) { long __retval; freezer_do_not_count(); __retval = schedule_timeout(timeout); freezer_count(); return __retval; } /* * Like schedule_timeout_interruptible(), but should not block the freezer. Do not * call this with locks held. */ static inline long freezable_schedule_timeout_interruptible(long timeout) { long __retval; freezer_do_not_count(); __retval = schedule_timeout_interruptible(timeout); freezer_count(); return __retval; } /* DO NOT ADD ANY NEW CALLERS OF THIS FUNCTION */ static inline long freezable_schedule_timeout_interruptible_unsafe(long timeout) { long __retval; freezer_do_not_count(); __retval = schedule_timeout_interruptible(timeout); freezer_count_unsafe(); return __retval; } /* Like schedule_timeout_killable(), but should not block the freezer. */ static inline long freezable_schedule_timeout_killable(long timeout) { long __retval; freezer_do_not_count(); __retval = schedule_timeout_killable(timeout); freezer_count(); return __retval; } /* DO NOT ADD ANY NEW CALLERS OF THIS FUNCTION */ static inline long freezable_schedule_timeout_killable_unsafe(long timeout) { long __retval; freezer_do_not_count(); __retval = schedule_timeout_killable(timeout); freezer_count_unsafe(); return __retval; } /* * Like schedule_hrtimeout_range(), but should not block the freezer. Do not * call this with locks held. */ static inline int freezable_schedule_hrtimeout_range(ktime_t *expires, u64 delta, const enum hrtimer_mode mode) { int __retval; freezer_do_not_count(); __retval = schedule_hrtimeout_range(expires, delta, mode); freezer_count(); return __retval; } /* * Freezer-friendly wrappers around wait_event_interruptible(), * wait_event_killable() and wait_event_interruptible_timeout(), originally * defined in <linux/wait.h> */ /* DO NOT ADD ANY NEW CALLERS OF THIS FUNCTION */ #define wait_event_freezekillable_unsafe(wq, condition) \ ({ \ int __retval; \ freezer_do_not_count(); \ __retval = wait_event_killable(wq, (condition)); \ freezer_count_unsafe(); \ __retval; \ }) #else /* !CONFIG_FREEZER */ static inline bool frozen(struct task_struct *p) { return false; } static inline bool freezing(struct task_struct *p) { return false; } static inline void __thaw_task(struct task_struct *t) {} static inline bool __refrigerator(bool check_kthr_stop) { return false; } static inline int freeze_processes(void) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int freeze_kernel_threads(void) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline void thaw_processes(void) {} static inline void thaw_kernel_threads(void) {} static inline bool try_to_freeze_nowarn(void) { return false; } static inline bool try_to_freeze(void) { return false; } static inline void freezer_do_not_count(void) {} static inline void freezer_count(void) {} static inline int freezer_should_skip(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline void set_freezable(void) {} #define freezable_schedule() schedule() #define freezable_schedule_unsafe() schedule() #define freezable_schedule_timeout(timeout) schedule_timeout(timeout) #define freezable_schedule_timeout_interruptible(timeout) \ schedule_timeout_interruptible(timeout) #define freezable_schedule_timeout_interruptible_unsafe(timeout) \ schedule_timeout_interruptible(timeout) #define freezable_schedule_timeout_killable(timeout) \ schedule_timeout_killable(timeout) #define freezable_schedule_timeout_killable_unsafe(timeout) \ schedule_timeout_killable(timeout) #define freezable_schedule_hrtimeout_range(expires, delta, mode) \ schedule_hrtimeout_range(expires, delta, mode) #define wait_event_freezekillable_unsafe(wq, condition) \ wait_event_killable(wq, condition) #endif /* !CONFIG_FREEZER */ #endif /* FREEZER_H_INCLUDED */
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4622 4623 4624 4625 4626 4627 4628 4629 4630 4631 4632 4633 4634 4635 4636 4637 4638 4639 4640 4641 4642 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Definitions for the 'struct sk_buff' memory handlers. * * Authors: * Alan Cox, <gw4pts@gw4pts.ampr.org> * Florian La Roche, <rzsfl@rz.uni-sb.de> */ #ifndef _LINUX_SKBUFF_H #define _LINUX_SKBUFF_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/bvec.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <asm/types.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/textsearch.h> #include <net/checksum.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/netdev_features.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <linux/splice.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/if_packet.h> #include <net/flow.h> #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_common.h> #endif /* The interface for checksum offload between the stack and networking drivers * is as follows... * * A. IP checksum related features * * Drivers advertise checksum offload capabilities in the features of a device. * From the stack's point of view these are capabilities offered by the driver. * A driver typically only advertises features that it is capable of offloading * to its device. * * The checksum related features are: * * NETIF_F_HW_CSUM - The driver (or its device) is able to compute one * IP (one's complement) checksum for any combination * of protocols or protocol layering. The checksum is * computed and set in a packet per the CHECKSUM_PARTIAL * interface (see below). * * NETIF_F_IP_CSUM - Driver (device) is only able to checksum plain * TCP or UDP packets over IPv4. These are specifically * unencapsulated packets of the form IPv4|TCP or * IPv4|UDP where the Protocol field in the IPv4 header * is TCP or UDP. The IPv4 header may contain IP options. * This feature cannot be set in features for a device * with NETIF_F_HW_CSUM also set. This feature is being * DEPRECATED (see below). * * NETIF_F_IPV6_CSUM - Driver (device) is only able to checksum plain * TCP or UDP packets over IPv6. These are specifically * unencapsulated packets of the form IPv6|TCP or * IPv6|UDP where the Next Header field in the IPv6 * header is either TCP or UDP. IPv6 extension headers * are not supported with this feature. This feature * cannot be set in features for a device with * NETIF_F_HW_CSUM also set. This feature is being * DEPRECATED (see below). * * NETIF_F_RXCSUM - Driver (device) performs receive checksum offload. * This flag is only used to disable the RX checksum * feature for a device. The stack will accept receive * checksum indication in packets received on a device * regardless of whether NETIF_F_RXCSUM is set. * * B. Checksumming of received packets by device. Indication of checksum * verification is set in skb->ip_summed. Possible values are: * * CHECKSUM_NONE: * * Device did not checksum this packet e.g. due to lack of capabilities. * The packet contains full (though not verified) checksum in packet but * not in skb->csum. Thus, skb->csum is undefined in this case. * * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY: * * The hardware you're dealing with doesn't calculate the full checksum * (as in CHECKSUM_COMPLETE), but it does parse headers and verify checksums * for specific protocols. For such packets it will set CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY * if their checksums are okay. skb->csum is still undefined in this case * though. A driver or device must never modify the checksum field in the * packet even if checksum is verified. * * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY is applicable to following protocols: * TCP: IPv6 and IPv4. * UDP: IPv4 and IPv6. A device may apply CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY to a * zero UDP checksum for either IPv4 or IPv6, the networking stack * may perform further validation in this case. * GRE: only if the checksum is present in the header. * SCTP: indicates the CRC in SCTP header has been validated. * FCOE: indicates the CRC in FC frame has been validated. * * skb->csum_level indicates the number of consecutive checksums found in * the packet minus one that have been verified as CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY. * For instance if a device receives an IPv6->UDP->GRE->IPv4->TCP packet * and a device is able to verify the checksums for UDP (possibly zero), * GRE (checksum flag is set) and TCP, skb->csum_level would be set to * two. If the device were only able to verify the UDP checksum and not * GRE, either because it doesn't support GRE checksum or because GRE * checksum is bad, skb->csum_level would be set to zero (TCP checksum is * not considered in this case). * * CHECKSUM_COMPLETE: * * This is the most generic way. The device supplied checksum of the _whole_ * packet as seen by netif_rx() and fills in skb->csum. This means the * hardware doesn't need to parse L3/L4 headers to implement this. * * Notes: * - Even if device supports only some protocols, but is able to produce * skb->csum, it MUST use CHECKSUM_COMPLETE, not CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY. * - CHECKSUM_COMPLETE is not applicable to SCTP and FCoE protocols. * * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL: * * A checksum is set up to be offloaded to a device as described in the * output description for CHECKSUM_PARTIAL. This may occur on a packet * received directly from another Linux OS, e.g., a virtualized Linux kernel * on the same host, or it may be set in the input path in GRO or remote * checksum offload. For the purposes of checksum verification, the checksum * referred to by skb->csum_start + skb->csum_offset and any preceding * checksums in the packet are considered verified. Any checksums in the * packet that are after the checksum being offloaded are not considered to * be verified. * * C. Checksumming on transmit for non-GSO. The stack requests checksum offload * in the skb->ip_summed for a packet. Values are: * * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL: * * The driver is required to checksum the packet as seen by hard_start_xmit() * from skb->csum_start up to the end, and to record/write the checksum at * offset skb->csum_start + skb->csum_offset. A driver may verify that the * csum_start and csum_offset values are valid values given the length and * offset of the packet, but it should not attempt to validate that the * checksum refers to a legitimate transport layer checksum -- it is the * purview of the stack to validate that csum_start and csum_offset are set * correctly. * * When the stack requests checksum offload for a packet, the driver MUST * ensure that the checksum is set correctly. A driver can either offload the * checksum calculation to the device, or call skb_checksum_help (in the case * that the device does not support offload for a particular checksum). * * NETIF_F_IP_CSUM and NETIF_F_IPV6_CSUM are being deprecated in favor of * NETIF_F_HW_CSUM. New devices should use NETIF_F_HW_CSUM to indicate * checksum offload capability. * skb_csum_hwoffload_help() can be called to resolve CHECKSUM_PARTIAL based * on network device checksumming capabilities: if a packet does not match * them, skb_checksum_help or skb_crc32c_help (depending on the value of * csum_not_inet, see item D.) is called to resolve the checksum. * * CHECKSUM_NONE: * * The skb was already checksummed by the protocol, or a checksum is not * required. * * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY: * * This has the same meaning as CHECKSUM_NONE for checksum offload on * output. * * CHECKSUM_COMPLETE: * Not used in checksum output. If a driver observes a packet with this value * set in skbuff, it should treat the packet as if CHECKSUM_NONE were set. * * D. Non-IP checksum (CRC) offloads * * NETIF_F_SCTP_CRC - This feature indicates that a device is capable of * offloading the SCTP CRC in a packet. To perform this offload the stack * will set csum_start and csum_offset accordingly, set ip_summed to * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL and set csum_not_inet to 1, to provide an indication in * the skbuff that the CHECKSUM_PARTIAL refers to CRC32c. * A driver that supports both IP checksum offload and SCTP CRC32c offload * must verify which offload is configured for a packet by testing the * value of skb->csum_not_inet; skb_crc32c_csum_help is provided to resolve * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL on skbs where csum_not_inet is set to 1. * * NETIF_F_FCOE_CRC - This feature indicates that a device is capable of * offloading the FCOE CRC in a packet. To perform this offload the stack * will set ip_summed to CHECKSUM_PARTIAL and set csum_start and csum_offset * accordingly. Note that there is no indication in the skbuff that the * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL refers to an FCOE checksum, so a driver that supports * both IP checksum offload and FCOE CRC offload must verify which offload * is configured for a packet, presumably by inspecting packet headers. * * E. Checksumming on output with GSO. * * In the case of a GSO packet (skb_is_gso(skb) is true), checksum offload * is implied by the SKB_GSO_* flags in gso_type. Most obviously, if the * gso_type is SKB_GSO_TCPV4 or SKB_GSO_TCPV6, TCP checksum offload as * part of the GSO operation is implied. If a checksum is being offloaded * with GSO then ip_summed is CHECKSUM_PARTIAL, and both csum_start and * csum_offset are set to refer to the outermost checksum being offloaded * (two offloaded checksums are possible with UDP encapsulation). */ /* Don't change this without changing skb_csum_unnecessary! */ #define CHECKSUM_NONE 0 #define CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY 1 #define CHECKSUM_COMPLETE 2 #define CHECKSUM_PARTIAL 3 /* Maximum value in skb->csum_level */ #define SKB_MAX_CSUM_LEVEL 3 #define SKB_DATA_ALIGN(X) ALIGN(X, SMP_CACHE_BYTES) #define SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD(X) \ ((X) - SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct skb_shared_info))) #define SKB_MAX_ORDER(X, ORDER) \ SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD((PAGE_SIZE << (ORDER)) - (X)) #define SKB_MAX_HEAD(X) (SKB_MAX_ORDER((X), 0)) #define SKB_MAX_ALLOC (SKB_MAX_ORDER(0, 2)) /* return minimum truesize of one skb containing X bytes of data */ #define SKB_TRUESIZE(X) ((X) + \ SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct sk_buff)) + \ SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct skb_shared_info))) struct ahash_request; struct net_device; struct scatterlist; struct pipe_inode_info; struct iov_iter; struct napi_struct; struct bpf_prog; union bpf_attr; struct skb_ext; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BRIDGE_NETFILTER) struct nf_bridge_info { enum { BRNF_PROTO_UNCHANGED, BRNF_PROTO_8021Q, BRNF_PROTO_PPPOE } orig_proto:8; u8 pkt_otherhost:1; u8 in_prerouting:1; u8 bridged_dnat:1; __u16 frag_max_size; struct net_device *physindev; /* always valid & non-NULL from FORWARD on, for physdev match */ struct net_device *physoutdev; union { /* prerouting: detect dnat in orig/reply direction */ __be32 ipv4_daddr; struct in6_addr ipv6_daddr; /* after prerouting + nat detected: store original source * mac since neigh resolution overwrites it, only used while * skb is out in neigh layer. */ char neigh_header[8]; }; }; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_TC_SKB_EXT) /* Chain in tc_skb_ext will be used to share the tc chain with * ovs recirc_id. It will be set to the current chain by tc * and read by ovs to recirc_id. */ struct tc_skb_ext { __u32 chain; __u16 mru; }; #endif struct sk_buff_head { /* These two members must be first. */ struct sk_buff *next; struct sk_buff *prev; __u32 qlen; spinlock_t lock; }; struct sk_buff; /* To allow 64K frame to be packed as single skb without frag_list we * require 64K/PAGE_SIZE pages plus 1 additional page to allow for * buffers which do not start on a page boundary. * * Since GRO uses frags we allocate at least 16 regardless of page * size. */ #if (65536/PAGE_SIZE + 1) < 16 #define MAX_SKB_FRAGS 16UL #else #define MAX_SKB_FRAGS (65536/PAGE_SIZE + 1) #endif extern int sysctl_max_skb_frags; /* Set skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size to this in case you want skb_segment to * segment using its current segmentation instead. */ #define GSO_BY_FRAGS 0xFFFF typedef struct bio_vec skb_frag_t; /** * skb_frag_size() - Returns the size of a skb fragment * @frag: skb fragment */ static inline unsigned int skb_frag_size(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return frag->bv_len; } /** * skb_frag_size_set() - Sets the size of a skb fragment * @frag: skb fragment * @size: size of fragment */ static inline void skb_frag_size_set(skb_frag_t *frag, unsigned int size) { frag->bv_len = size; } /** * skb_frag_size_add() - Increments the size of a skb fragment by @delta * @frag: skb fragment * @delta: value to add */ static inline void skb_frag_size_add(skb_frag_t *frag, int delta) { frag->bv_len += delta; } /** * skb_frag_size_sub() - Decrements the size of a skb fragment by @delta * @frag: skb fragment * @delta: value to subtract */ static inline void skb_frag_size_sub(skb_frag_t *frag, int delta) { frag->bv_len -= delta; } /** * skb_frag_must_loop - Test if %p is a high memory page * @p: fragment's page */ static inline bool skb_frag_must_loop(struct page *p) { #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) if (PageHighMem(p)) return true; #endif return false; } /** * skb_frag_foreach_page - loop over pages in a fragment * * @f: skb frag to operate on * @f_off: offset from start of f->bv_page * @f_len: length from f_off to loop over * @p: (temp var) current page * @p_off: (temp var) offset from start of current page, * non-zero only on first page. * @p_len: (temp var) length in current page, * < PAGE_SIZE only on first and last page. * @copied: (temp var) length so far, excluding current p_len. * * A fragment can hold a compound page, in which case per-page * operations, notably kmap_atomic, must be called for each * regular page. */ #define skb_frag_foreach_page(f, f_off, f_len, p, p_off, p_len, copied) \ for (p = skb_frag_page(f) + ((f_off) >> PAGE_SHIFT), \ p_off = (f_off) & (PAGE_SIZE - 1), \ p_len = skb_frag_must_loop(p) ? \ min_t(u32, f_len, PAGE_SIZE - p_off) : f_len, \ copied = 0; \ copied < f_len; \ copied += p_len, p++, p_off = 0, \ p_len = min_t(u32, f_len - copied, PAGE_SIZE)) \ #define HAVE_HW_TIME_STAMP /** * struct skb_shared_hwtstamps - hardware time stamps * @hwtstamp: hardware time stamp transformed into duration * since arbitrary point in time * * Software time stamps generated by ktime_get_real() are stored in * skb->tstamp. * * hwtstamps can only be compared against other hwtstamps from * the same device. * * This structure is attached to packets as part of the * &skb_shared_info. Use skb_hwtstamps() to get a pointer. */ struct skb_shared_hwtstamps { ktime_t hwtstamp; }; /* Definitions for tx_flags in struct skb_shared_info */ enum { /* generate hardware time stamp */ SKBTX_HW_TSTAMP = 1 << 0, /* generate software time stamp when queueing packet to NIC */ SKBTX_SW_TSTAMP = 1 << 1, /* device driver is going to provide hardware time stamp */ SKBTX_IN_PROGRESS = 1 << 2, /* device driver supports TX zero-copy buffers */ SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY = 1 << 3, /* generate wifi status information (where possible) */ SKBTX_WIFI_STATUS = 1 << 4, /* This indicates at least one fragment might be overwritten * (as in vmsplice(), sendfile() ...) * If we need to compute a TX checksum, we'll need to copy * all frags to avoid possible bad checksum */ SKBTX_SHARED_FRAG = 1 << 5, /* generate software time stamp when entering packet scheduling */ SKBTX_SCHED_TSTAMP = 1 << 6, }; #define SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG (SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY | SKBTX_SHARED_FRAG) #define SKBTX_ANY_SW_TSTAMP (SKBTX_SW_TSTAMP | \ SKBTX_SCHED_TSTAMP) #define SKBTX_ANY_TSTAMP (SKBTX_HW_TSTAMP | SKBTX_ANY_SW_TSTAMP) /* * The callback notifies userspace to release buffers when skb DMA is done in * lower device, the skb last reference should be 0 when calling this. * The zerocopy_success argument is true if zero copy transmit occurred, * false on data copy or out of memory error caused by data copy attempt. * The ctx field is used to track device context. * The desc field is used to track userspace buffer index. */ struct ubuf_info { void (*callback)(struct ubuf_info *, bool zerocopy_success); union { struct { unsigned long desc; void *ctx; }; struct { u32 id; u16 len; u16 zerocopy:1; u32 bytelen; }; }; refcount_t refcnt; struct mmpin { struct user_struct *user; unsigned int num_pg; } mmp; }; #define skb_uarg(SKB) ((struct ubuf_info *)(skb_shinfo(SKB)->destructor_arg)) int mm_account_pinned_pages(struct mmpin *mmp, size_t size); void mm_unaccount_pinned_pages(struct mmpin *mmp); struct ubuf_info *sock_zerocopy_alloc(struct sock *sk, size_t size); struct ubuf_info *sock_zerocopy_realloc(struct sock *sk, size_t size, struct ubuf_info *uarg); static inline void sock_zerocopy_get(struct ubuf_info *uarg) { refcount_inc(&uarg->refcnt); } void sock_zerocopy_put(struct ubuf_info *uarg); void sock_zerocopy_put_abort(struct ubuf_info *uarg, bool have_uref); void sock_zerocopy_callback(struct ubuf_info *uarg, bool success); int skb_zerocopy_iter_dgram(struct sk_buff *skb, struct msghdr *msg, int len); int skb_zerocopy_iter_stream(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct msghdr *msg, int len, struct ubuf_info *uarg); /* This data is invariant across clones and lives at * the end of the header data, ie. at skb->end. */ struct skb_shared_info { __u8 __unused; __u8 meta_len; __u8 nr_frags; __u8 tx_flags; unsigned short gso_size; /* Warning: this field is not always filled in (UFO)! */ unsigned short gso_segs; struct sk_buff *frag_list; struct skb_shared_hwtstamps hwtstamps; unsigned int gso_type; u32 tskey; /* * Warning : all fields before dataref are cleared in __alloc_skb() */ atomic_t dataref; /* Intermediate layers must ensure that destructor_arg * remains valid until skb destructor */ void * destructor_arg; /* must be last field, see pskb_expand_head() */ skb_frag_t frags[MAX_SKB_FRAGS]; }; /* We divide dataref into two halves. The higher 16 bits hold references * to the payload part of skb->data. The lower 16 bits hold references to * the entire skb->data. A clone of a headerless skb holds the length of * the header in skb->hdr_len. * * All users must obey the rule that the skb->data reference count must be * greater than or equal to the payload reference count. * * Holding a reference to the payload part means that the user does not * care about modifications to the header part of skb->data. */ #define SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT 16 #define SKB_DATAREF_MASK ((1 << SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT) - 1) enum { SKB_FCLONE_UNAVAILABLE, /* skb has no fclone (from head_cache) */ SKB_FCLONE_ORIG, /* orig skb (from fclone_cache) */ SKB_FCLONE_CLONE, /* companion fclone skb (from fclone_cache) */ }; enum { SKB_GSO_TCPV4 = 1 << 0, /* This indicates the skb is from an untrusted source. */ SKB_GSO_DODGY = 1 << 1, /* This indicates the tcp segment has CWR set. */ SKB_GSO_TCP_ECN = 1 << 2, SKB_GSO_TCP_FIXEDID = 1 << 3, SKB_GSO_TCPV6 = 1 << 4, SKB_GSO_FCOE = 1 << 5, SKB_GSO_GRE = 1 << 6, SKB_GSO_GRE_CSUM = 1 << 7, SKB_GSO_IPXIP4 = 1 << 8, SKB_GSO_IPXIP6 = 1 << 9, SKB_GSO_UDP_TUNNEL = 1 << 10, SKB_GSO_UDP_TUNNEL_CSUM = 1 << 11, SKB_GSO_PARTIAL = 1 << 12, SKB_GSO_TUNNEL_REMCSUM = 1 << 13, SKB_GSO_SCTP = 1 << 14, SKB_GSO_ESP = 1 << 15, SKB_GSO_UDP = 1 << 16, SKB_GSO_UDP_L4 = 1 << 17, SKB_GSO_FRAGLIST = 1 << 18, }; #if BITS_PER_LONG > 32 #define NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET 1 #endif #ifdef NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET typedef unsigned int sk_buff_data_t; #else typedef unsigned char *sk_buff_data_t; #endif /** * struct sk_buff - socket buffer * @next: Next buffer in list * @prev: Previous buffer in list * @tstamp: Time we arrived/left * @skb_mstamp_ns: (aka @tstamp) earliest departure time; start point * for retransmit timer * @rbnode: RB tree node, alternative to next/prev for netem/tcp * @list: queue head * @sk: Socket we are owned by * @ip_defrag_offset: (aka @sk) alternate use of @sk, used in * fragmentation management * @dev: Device we arrived on/are leaving by * @dev_scratch: (aka @dev) alternate use of @dev when @dev would be %NULL * @cb: Control buffer. Free for use by every layer. Put private vars here * @_skb_refdst: destination entry (with norefcount bit) * @sp: the security path, used for xfrm * @len: Length of actual data * @data_len: Data length * @mac_len: Length of link layer header * @hdr_len: writable header length of cloned skb * @csum: Checksum (must include start/offset pair) * @csum_start: Offset from skb->head where checksumming should start * @csum_offset: Offset from csum_start where checksum should be stored * @priority: Packet queueing priority * @ignore_df: allow local fragmentation * @cloned: Head may be cloned (check refcnt to be sure) * @ip_summed: Driver fed us an IP checksum * @nohdr: Payload reference only, must not modify header * @pkt_type: Packet class * @fclone: skbuff clone status * @ipvs_property: skbuff is owned by ipvs * @inner_protocol_type: whether the inner protocol is * ENCAP_TYPE_ETHER or ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO * @remcsum_offload: remote checksum offload is enabled * @offload_fwd_mark: Packet was L2-forwarded in hardware * @offload_l3_fwd_mark: Packet was L3-forwarded in hardware * @tc_skip_classify: do not classify packet. set by IFB device * @tc_at_ingress: used within tc_classify to distinguish in/egress * @redirected: packet was redirected by packet classifier * @from_ingress: packet was redirected from the ingress path * @peeked: this packet has been seen already, so stats have been * done for it, don't do them again * @nf_trace: netfilter packet trace flag * @protocol: Packet protocol from driver * @destructor: Destruct function * @tcp_tsorted_anchor: list structure for TCP (tp->tsorted_sent_queue) * @_nfct: Associated connection, if any (with nfctinfo bits) * @nf_bridge: Saved data about a bridged frame - see br_netfilter.c * @skb_iif: ifindex of device we arrived on * @tc_index: Traffic control index * @hash: the packet hash * @queue_mapping: Queue mapping for multiqueue devices * @head_frag: skb was allocated from page fragments, * not allocated by kmalloc() or vmalloc(). * @pfmemalloc: skbuff was allocated from PFMEMALLOC reserves * @active_extensions: active extensions (skb_ext_id types) * @ndisc_nodetype: router type (from link layer) * @ooo_okay: allow the mapping of a socket to a queue to be changed * @l4_hash: indicate hash is a canonical 4-tuple hash over transport * ports. * @sw_hash: indicates hash was computed in software stack * @wifi_acked_valid: wifi_acked was set * @wifi_acked: whether frame was acked on wifi or not * @no_fcs: Request NIC to treat last 4 bytes as Ethernet FCS * @encapsulation: indicates the inner headers in the skbuff are valid * @encap_hdr_csum: software checksum is needed * @csum_valid: checksum is already valid * @csum_not_inet: use CRC32c to resolve CHECKSUM_PARTIAL * @csum_complete_sw: checksum was completed by software * @csum_level: indicates the number of consecutive checksums found in * the packet minus one that have been verified as * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY (max 3) * @dst_pending_confirm: need to confirm neighbour * @decrypted: Decrypted SKB * @napi_id: id of the NAPI struct this skb came from * @sender_cpu: (aka @napi_id) source CPU in XPS * @secmark: security marking * @mark: Generic packet mark * @reserved_tailroom: (aka @mark) number of bytes of free space available * at the tail of an sk_buff * @vlan_present: VLAN tag is present * @vlan_proto: vlan encapsulation protocol * @vlan_tci: vlan tag control information * @inner_protocol: Protocol (encapsulation) * @inner_ipproto: (aka @inner_protocol) stores ipproto when * skb->inner_protocol_type == ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO; * @inner_transport_header: Inner transport layer header (encapsulation) * @inner_network_header: Network layer header (encapsulation) * @inner_mac_header: Link layer header (encapsulation) * @transport_header: Transport layer header * @network_header: Network layer header * @mac_header: Link layer header * @tail: Tail pointer * @end: End pointer * @head: Head of buffer * @data: Data head pointer * @truesize: Buffer size * @users: User count - see {datagram,tcp}.c * @extensions: allocated extensions, valid if active_extensions is nonzero */ struct sk_buff { union { struct { /* These two members must be first. */ struct sk_buff *next; struct sk_buff *prev; union { struct net_device *dev; /* Some protocols might use this space to store information, * while device pointer would be NULL. * UDP receive path is one user. */ unsigned long dev_scratch; }; }; struct rb_node rbnode; /* used in netem, ip4 defrag, and tcp stack */ struct list_head list; }; union { struct sock *sk; int ip_defrag_offset; }; union { ktime_t tstamp; u64 skb_mstamp_ns; /* earliest departure time */ }; /* * This is the control buffer. It is free to use for every * layer. Please put your private variables there. If you * want to keep them across layers you have to do a skb_clone() * first. This is owned by whoever has the skb queued ATM. */ char cb[48] __aligned(8); union { struct { unsigned long _skb_refdst; void (*destructor)(struct sk_buff *skb); }; struct list_head tcp_tsorted_anchor; }; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) unsigned long _nfct; #endif unsigned int len, data_len; __u16 mac_len, hdr_len; /* Following fields are _not_ copied in __copy_skb_header() * Note that queue_mapping is here mostly to fill a hole. */ __u16 queue_mapping; /* if you move cloned around you also must adapt those constants */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #define CLONED_MASK (1 << 7) #else #define CLONED_MASK 1 #endif #define CLONED_OFFSET() offsetof(struct sk_buff, __cloned_offset) /* private: */ __u8 __cloned_offset[0]; /* public: */ __u8 cloned:1, nohdr:1, fclone:2, peeked:1, head_frag:1, pfmemalloc:1; #ifdef CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS __u8 active_extensions; #endif /* fields enclosed in headers_start/headers_end are copied * using a single memcpy() in __copy_skb_header() */ /* private: */ __u32 headers_start[0]; /* public: */ /* if you move pkt_type around you also must adapt those constants */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #define PKT_TYPE_MAX (7 << 5) #else #define PKT_TYPE_MAX 7 #endif #define PKT_TYPE_OFFSET() offsetof(struct sk_buff, __pkt_type_offset) /* private: */ __u8 __pkt_type_offset[0]; /* public: */ __u8 pkt_type:3; __u8 ignore_df:1; __u8 nf_trace:1; __u8 ip_summed:2; __u8 ooo_okay:1; __u8 l4_hash:1; __u8 sw_hash:1; __u8 wifi_acked_valid:1; __u8 wifi_acked:1; __u8 no_fcs:1; /* Indicates the inner headers are valid in the skbuff. */ __u8 encapsulation:1; __u8 encap_hdr_csum:1; __u8 csum_valid:1; #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #define PKT_VLAN_PRESENT_BIT 7 #else #define PKT_VLAN_PRESENT_BIT 0 #endif #define PKT_VLAN_PRESENT_OFFSET() offsetof(struct sk_buff, __pkt_vlan_present_offset) /* private: */ __u8 __pkt_vlan_present_offset[0]; /* public: */ __u8 vlan_present:1; __u8 csum_complete_sw:1; __u8 csum_level:2; __u8 csum_not_inet:1; __u8 dst_pending_confirm:1; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_NDISC_NODETYPE __u8 ndisc_nodetype:2; #endif __u8 ipvs_property:1; __u8 inner_protocol_type:1; __u8 remcsum_offload:1; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SWITCHDEV __u8 offload_fwd_mark:1; __u8 offload_l3_fwd_mark:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT __u8 tc_skip_classify:1; __u8 tc_at_ingress:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT __u8 redirected:1; __u8 from_ingress:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TLS_DEVICE __u8 decrypted:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SCHED __u16 tc_index; /* traffic control index */ #endif union { __wsum csum; struct { __u16 csum_start; __u16 csum_offset; }; }; __u32 priority; int skb_iif; __u32 hash; __be16 vlan_proto; __u16 vlan_tci; #if defined(CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL) || defined(CONFIG_XPS) union { unsigned int napi_id; unsigned int sender_cpu; }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NETWORK_SECMARK __u32 secmark; #endif union { __u32 mark; __u32 reserved_tailroom; }; union { __be16 inner_protocol; __u8 inner_ipproto; }; __u16 inner_transport_header; __u16 inner_network_header; __u16 inner_mac_header; __be16 protocol; __u16 transport_header; __u16 network_header; __u16 mac_header; /* private: */ __u32 headers_end[0]; /* public: */ /* These elements must be at the end, see alloc_skb() for details. */ sk_buff_data_t tail; sk_buff_data_t end; unsigned char *head, *data; unsigned int truesize; refcount_t users; #ifdef CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS /* only useable after checking ->active_extensions != 0 */ struct skb_ext *extensions; #endif }; #ifdef __KERNEL__ /* * Handling routines are only of interest to the kernel */ #define SKB_ALLOC_FCLONE 0x01 #define SKB_ALLOC_RX 0x02 #define SKB_ALLOC_NAPI 0x04 /** * skb_pfmemalloc - Test if the skb was allocated from PFMEMALLOC reserves * @skb: buffer */ static inline bool skb_pfmemalloc(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return unlikely(skb->pfmemalloc); } /* * skb might have a dst pointer attached, refcounted or not. * _skb_refdst low order bit is set if refcount was _not_ taken */ #define SKB_DST_NOREF 1UL #define SKB_DST_PTRMASK ~(SKB_DST_NOREF) /** * skb_dst - returns skb dst_entry * @skb: buffer * * Returns skb dst_entry, regardless of reference taken or not. */ static inline struct dst_entry *skb_dst(const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* If refdst was not refcounted, check we still are in a * rcu_read_lock section */ WARN_ON((skb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF) && !rcu_read_lock_held() && !rcu_read_lock_bh_held()); return (struct dst_entry *)(skb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_PTRMASK); } /** * skb_dst_set - sets skb dst * @skb: buffer * @dst: dst entry * * Sets skb dst, assuming a reference was taken on dst and should * be released by skb_dst_drop() */ static inline void skb_dst_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct dst_entry *dst) { skb->_skb_refdst = (unsigned long)dst; } /** * skb_dst_set_noref - sets skb dst, hopefully, without taking reference * @skb: buffer * @dst: dst entry * * Sets skb dst, assuming a reference was not taken on dst. * If dst entry is cached, we do not take reference and dst_release * will be avoided by refdst_drop. If dst entry is not cached, we take * reference, so that last dst_release can destroy the dst immediately. */ static inline void skb_dst_set_noref(struct sk_buff *skb, struct dst_entry *dst) { WARN_ON(!rcu_read_lock_held() && !rcu_read_lock_bh_held()); skb->_skb_refdst = (unsigned long)dst | SKB_DST_NOREF; } /** * skb_dst_is_noref - Test if skb dst isn't refcounted * @skb: buffer */ static inline bool skb_dst_is_noref(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (skb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF) && skb_dst(skb); } /** * skb_rtable - Returns the skb &rtable * @skb: buffer */ static inline struct rtable *skb_rtable(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct rtable *)skb_dst(skb); } /* For mangling skb->pkt_type from user space side from applications * such as nft, tc, etc, we only allow a conservative subset of * possible pkt_types to be set. */ static inline bool skb_pkt_type_ok(u32 ptype) { return ptype <= PACKET_OTHERHOST; } /** * skb_napi_id - Returns the skb's NAPI id * @skb: buffer */ static inline unsigned int skb_napi_id(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL return skb->napi_id; #else return 0; #endif } /** * skb_unref - decrement the skb's reference count * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if we can free the skb. */ static inline bool skb_unref(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (unlikely(!skb)) return false; if (likely(refcount_read(&skb->users) == 1)) smp_rmb(); else if (likely(!refcount_dec_and_test(&skb->users))) return false; return true; } void skb_release_head_state(struct sk_buff *skb); void kfree_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); void kfree_skb_list(struct sk_buff *segs); void skb_dump(const char *level, const struct sk_buff *skb, bool full_pkt); void skb_tx_error(struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS void consume_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); #else static inline void consume_skb(struct sk_buff *skb) { return kfree_skb(skb); } #endif void __consume_stateless_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); void __kfree_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); extern struct kmem_cache *skbuff_head_cache; void kfree_skb_partial(struct sk_buff *skb, bool head_stolen); bool skb_try_coalesce(struct sk_buff *to, struct sk_buff *from, bool *fragstolen, int *delta_truesize); struct sk_buff *__alloc_skb(unsigned int size, gfp_t priority, int flags, int node); struct sk_buff *__build_skb(void *data, unsigned int frag_size); struct sk_buff *build_skb(void *data, unsigned int frag_size); struct sk_buff *build_skb_around(struct sk_buff *skb, void *data, unsigned int frag_size); /** * alloc_skb - allocate a network buffer * @size: size to allocate * @priority: allocation mask * * This function is a convenient wrapper around __alloc_skb(). */ static inline struct sk_buff *alloc_skb(unsigned int size, gfp_t priority) { return __alloc_skb(size, priority, 0, NUMA_NO_NODE); } struct sk_buff *alloc_skb_with_frags(unsigned long header_len, unsigned long data_len, int max_page_order, int *errcode, gfp_t gfp_mask); struct sk_buff *alloc_skb_for_msg(struct sk_buff *first); /* Layout of fast clones : [skb1][skb2][fclone_ref] */ struct sk_buff_fclones { struct sk_buff skb1; struct sk_buff skb2; refcount_t fclone_ref; }; /** * skb_fclone_busy - check if fclone is busy * @sk: socket * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if skb is a fast clone, and its clone is not freed. * Some drivers call skb_orphan() in their ndo_start_xmit(), * so we also check that this didnt happen. */ static inline bool skb_fclone_busy(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct sk_buff_fclones *fclones; fclones = container_of(skb, struct sk_buff_fclones, skb1); return skb->fclone == SKB_FCLONE_ORIG && refcount_read(&fclones->fclone_ref) > 1 && fclones->skb2.sk == sk; } /** * alloc_skb_fclone - allocate a network buffer from fclone cache * @size: size to allocate * @priority: allocation mask * * This function is a convenient wrapper around __alloc_skb(). */ static inline struct sk_buff *alloc_skb_fclone(unsigned int size, gfp_t priority) { return __alloc_skb(size, priority, SKB_ALLOC_FCLONE, NUMA_NO_NODE); } struct sk_buff *skb_morph(struct sk_buff *dst, struct sk_buff *src); void skb_headers_offset_update(struct sk_buff *skb, int off); int skb_copy_ubufs(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask); struct sk_buff *skb_clone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t priority); void skb_copy_header(struct sk_buff *new, const struct sk_buff *old); struct sk_buff *skb_copy(const struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t priority); struct sk_buff *__pskb_copy_fclone(struct sk_buff *skb, int headroom, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool fclone); static inline struct sk_buff *__pskb_copy(struct sk_buff *skb, int headroom, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __pskb_copy_fclone(skb, headroom, gfp_mask, false); } int pskb_expand_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhead, int ntail, gfp_t gfp_mask); struct sk_buff *skb_realloc_headroom(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom); struct sk_buff *skb_copy_expand(const struct sk_buff *skb, int newheadroom, int newtailroom, gfp_t priority); int __must_check skb_to_sgvec_nomark(struct sk_buff *skb, struct scatterlist *sg, int offset, int len); int __must_check skb_to_sgvec(struct sk_buff *skb, struct scatterlist *sg, int offset, int len); int skb_cow_data(struct sk_buff *skb, int tailbits, struct sk_buff **trailer); int __skb_pad(struct sk_buff *skb, int pad, bool free_on_error); /** * skb_pad - zero pad the tail of an skb * @skb: buffer to pad * @pad: space to pad * * Ensure that a buffer is followed by a padding area that is zero * filled. Used by network drivers which may DMA or transfer data * beyond the buffer end onto the wire. * * May return error in out of memory cases. The skb is freed on error. */ static inline int skb_pad(struct sk_buff *skb, int pad) { return __skb_pad(skb, pad, true); } #define dev_kfree_skb(a) consume_skb(a) int skb_append_pagefrags(struct sk_buff *skb, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size); struct skb_seq_state { __u32 lower_offset; __u32 upper_offset; __u32 frag_idx; __u32 stepped_offset; struct sk_buff *root_skb; struct sk_buff *cur_skb; __u8 *frag_data; }; void skb_prepare_seq_read(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int from, unsigned int to, struct skb_seq_state *st); unsigned int skb_seq_read(unsigned int consumed, const u8 **data, struct skb_seq_state *st); void skb_abort_seq_read(struct skb_seq_state *st); unsigned int skb_find_text(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int from, unsigned int to, struct ts_config *config); /* * Packet hash types specify the type of hash in skb_set_hash. * * Hash types refer to the protocol layer addresses which are used to * construct a packet's hash. The hashes are used to differentiate or identify * flows of the protocol layer for the hash type. Hash types are either * layer-2 (L2), layer-3 (L3), or layer-4 (L4). * * Properties of hashes: * * 1) Two packets in different flows have different hash values * 2) Two packets in the same flow should have the same hash value * * A hash at a higher layer is considered to be more specific. A driver should * set the most specific hash possible. * * A driver cannot indicate a more specific hash than the layer at which a hash * was computed. For instance an L3 hash cannot be set as an L4 hash. * * A driver may indicate a hash level which is less specific than the * actual layer the hash was computed on. For instance, a hash computed * at L4 may be considered an L3 hash. This should only be done if the * driver can't unambiguously determine that the HW computed the hash at * the higher layer. Note that the "should" in the second property above * permits this. */ enum pkt_hash_types { PKT_HASH_TYPE_NONE, /* Undefined type */ PKT_HASH_TYPE_L2, /* Input: src_MAC, dest_MAC */ PKT_HASH_TYPE_L3, /* Input: src_IP, dst_IP */ PKT_HASH_TYPE_L4, /* Input: src_IP, dst_IP, src_port, dst_port */ }; static inline void skb_clear_hash(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->hash = 0; skb->sw_hash = 0; skb->l4_hash = 0; } static inline void skb_clear_hash_if_not_l4(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb->l4_hash) skb_clear_hash(skb); } static inline void __skb_set_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 hash, bool is_sw, bool is_l4) { skb->l4_hash = is_l4; skb->sw_hash = is_sw; skb->hash = hash; } static inline void skb_set_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 hash, enum pkt_hash_types type) { /* Used by drivers to set hash from HW */ __skb_set_hash(skb, hash, false, type == PKT_HASH_TYPE_L4); } static inline void __skb_set_sw_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 hash, bool is_l4) { __skb_set_hash(skb, hash, true, is_l4); } void __skb_get_hash(struct sk_buff *skb); u32 __skb_get_hash_symmetric(const struct sk_buff *skb); u32 skb_get_poff(const struct sk_buff *skb); u32 __skb_get_poff(const struct sk_buff *skb, void *data, const struct flow_keys_basic *keys, int hlen); __be32 __skb_flow_get_ports(const struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff, u8 ip_proto, void *data, int hlen_proto); static inline __be32 skb_flow_get_ports(const struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff, u8 ip_proto) { return __skb_flow_get_ports(skb, thoff, ip_proto, NULL, 0); } void skb_flow_dissector_init(struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, const struct flow_dissector_key *key, unsigned int key_count); struct bpf_flow_dissector; bool bpf_flow_dissect(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_flow_dissector *ctx, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags); bool __skb_flow_dissect(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, void *data, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags); static inline bool skb_flow_dissect(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, unsigned int flags) { return __skb_flow_dissect(NULL, skb, flow_dissector, target_container, NULL, 0, 0, 0, flags); } static inline bool skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys *flow, unsigned int flags) { memset(flow, 0, sizeof(*flow)); return __skb_flow_dissect(NULL, skb, &flow_keys_dissector, flow, NULL, 0, 0, 0, flags); } static inline bool skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys_basic(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys_basic *flow, void *data, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags) { memset(flow, 0, sizeof(*flow)); return __skb_flow_dissect(net, skb, &flow_keys_basic_dissector, flow, data, proto, nhoff, hlen, flags); } void skb_flow_dissect_meta(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container); /* Gets a skb connection tracking info, ctinfo map should be a * map of mapsize to translate enum ip_conntrack_info states * to user states. */ void skb_flow_dissect_ct(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, u16 *ctinfo_map, size_t mapsize); void skb_flow_dissect_tunnel_info(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container); void skb_flow_dissect_hash(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container); static inline __u32 skb_get_hash(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb->l4_hash && !skb->sw_hash) __skb_get_hash(skb); return skb->hash; } static inline __u32 skb_get_hash_flowi6(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct flowi6 *fl6) { if (!skb->l4_hash && !skb->sw_hash) { struct flow_keys keys; __u32 hash = __get_hash_from_flowi6(fl6, &keys); __skb_set_sw_hash(skb, hash, flow_keys_have_l4(&keys)); } return skb->hash; } __u32 skb_get_hash_perturb(const struct sk_buff *skb, const siphash_key_t *perturb); static inline __u32 skb_get_hash_raw(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->hash; } static inline void skb_copy_hash(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { to->hash = from->hash; to->sw_hash = from->sw_hash; to->l4_hash = from->l4_hash; }; static inline void skb_copy_decrypted(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { #ifdef CONFIG_TLS_DEVICE to->decrypted = from->decrypted; #endif } #ifdef NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET static inline unsigned char *skb_end_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->end; } static inline unsigned int skb_end_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->end; } #else static inline unsigned char *skb_end_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->end; } static inline unsigned int skb_end_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->end - skb->head; } #endif /* Internal */ #define skb_shinfo(SKB) ((struct skb_shared_info *)(skb_end_pointer(SKB))) static inline struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *skb_hwtstamps(struct sk_buff *skb) { return &skb_shinfo(skb)->hwtstamps; } static inline struct ubuf_info *skb_zcopy(struct sk_buff *skb) { bool is_zcopy = skb && skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags & SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY; return is_zcopy ? skb_uarg(skb) : NULL; } static inline void skb_zcopy_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ubuf_info *uarg, bool *have_ref) { if (skb && uarg && !skb_zcopy(skb)) { if (unlikely(have_ref && *have_ref)) *have_ref = false; else sock_zerocopy_get(uarg); skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg = uarg; skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags |= SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } } static inline void skb_zcopy_set_nouarg(struct sk_buff *skb, void *val) { skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg = (void *)((uintptr_t) val | 0x1UL); skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags |= SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } static inline bool skb_zcopy_is_nouarg(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (uintptr_t) skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg & 0x1UL; } static inline void *skb_zcopy_get_nouarg(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (void *)((uintptr_t) skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg & ~0x1UL); } /* Release a reference on a zerocopy structure */ static inline void skb_zcopy_clear(struct sk_buff *skb, bool zerocopy) { struct ubuf_info *uarg = skb_zcopy(skb); if (uarg) { if (skb_zcopy_is_nouarg(skb)) { /* no notification callback */ } else if (uarg->callback == sock_zerocopy_callback) { uarg->zerocopy = uarg->zerocopy && zerocopy; sock_zerocopy_put(uarg); } else { uarg->callback(uarg, zerocopy); } skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags &= ~SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } } /* Abort a zerocopy operation and revert zckey on error in send syscall */ static inline void skb_zcopy_abort(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct ubuf_info *uarg = skb_zcopy(skb); if (uarg) { sock_zerocopy_put_abort(uarg, false); skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags &= ~SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } } static inline void skb_mark_not_on_list(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->next = NULL; } /* Iterate through singly-linked GSO fragments of an skb. */ #define skb_list_walk_safe(first, skb, next_skb) \ for ((skb) = (first), (next_skb) = (skb) ? (skb)->next : NULL; (skb); \ (skb) = (next_skb), (next_skb) = (skb) ? (skb)->next : NULL) static inline void skb_list_del_init(struct sk_buff *skb) { __list_del_entry(&skb->list); skb_mark_not_on_list(skb); } /** * skb_queue_empty - check if a queue is empty * @list: queue head * * Returns true if the queue is empty, false otherwise. */ static inline int skb_queue_empty(const struct sk_buff_head *list) { return list->next == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_empty_lockless - check if a queue is empty * @list: queue head * * Returns true if the queue is empty, false otherwise. * This variant can be used in lockless contexts. */ static inline bool skb_queue_empty_lockless(const struct sk_buff_head *list) { return READ_ONCE(list->next) == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_is_last - check if skb is the last entry in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if @skb is the last buffer on the list. */ static inline bool skb_queue_is_last(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->next == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_is_first - check if skb is the first entry in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if @skb is the first buffer on the list. */ static inline bool skb_queue_is_first(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->prev == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_next - return the next packet in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: current buffer * * Return the next packet in @list after @skb. It is only valid to * call this if skb_queue_is_last() evaluates to false. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_queue_next(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* This BUG_ON may seem severe, but if we just return then we * are going to dereference garbage. */ BUG_ON(skb_queue_is_last(list, skb)); return skb->next; } /** * skb_queue_prev - return the prev packet in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: current buffer * * Return the prev packet in @list before @skb. It is only valid to * call this if skb_queue_is_first() evaluates to false. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_queue_prev(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* This BUG_ON may seem severe, but if we just return then we * are going to dereference garbage. */ BUG_ON(skb_queue_is_first(list, skb)); return skb->prev; } /** * skb_get - reference buffer * @skb: buffer to reference * * Makes another reference to a socket buffer and returns a pointer * to the buffer. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_get(struct sk_buff *skb) { refcount_inc(&skb->users); return skb; } /* * If users == 1, we are the only owner and can avoid redundant atomic changes. */ /** * skb_cloned - is the buffer a clone * @skb: buffer to check * * Returns true if the buffer was generated with skb_clone() and is * one of multiple shared copies of the buffer. Cloned buffers are * shared data so must not be written to under normal circumstances. */ static inline int skb_cloned(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->cloned && (atomic_read(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref) & SKB_DATAREF_MASK) != 1; } static inline int skb_unclone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_cloned(skb)) return pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, pri); return 0; } /** * skb_header_cloned - is the header a clone * @skb: buffer to check * * Returns true if modifying the header part of the buffer requires * the data to be copied. */ static inline int skb_header_cloned(const struct sk_buff *skb) { int dataref; if (!skb->cloned) return 0; dataref = atomic_read(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref); dataref = (dataref & SKB_DATAREF_MASK) - (dataref >> SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT); return dataref != 1; } static inline int skb_header_unclone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_header_cloned(skb)) return pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, pri); return 0; } /** * __skb_header_release - release reference to header * @skb: buffer to operate on */ static inline void __skb_header_release(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->nohdr = 1; atomic_set(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref, 1 + (1 << SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT)); } /** * skb_shared - is the buffer shared * @skb: buffer to check * * Returns true if more than one person has a reference to this * buffer. */ static inline int skb_shared(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return refcount_read(&skb->users) != 1; } /** * skb_share_check - check if buffer is shared and if so clone it * @skb: buffer to check * @pri: priority for memory allocation * * If the buffer is shared the buffer is cloned and the old copy * drops a reference. A new clone with a single reference is returned. * If the buffer is not shared the original buffer is returned. When * being called from interrupt status or with spinlocks held pri must * be GFP_ATOMIC. * * NULL is returned on a memory allocation failure. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_share_check(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_shared(skb)) { struct sk_buff *nskb = skb_clone(skb, pri); if (likely(nskb)) consume_skb(skb); else kfree_skb(skb); skb = nskb; } return skb; } /* * Copy shared buffers into a new sk_buff. We effectively do COW on * packets to handle cases where we have a local reader and forward * and a couple of other messy ones. The normal one is tcpdumping * a packet thats being forwarded. */ /** * skb_unshare - make a copy of a shared buffer * @skb: buffer to check * @pri: priority for memory allocation * * If the socket buffer is a clone then this function creates a new * copy of the data, drops a reference count on the old copy and returns * the new copy with the reference count at 1. If the buffer is not a clone * the original buffer is returned. When called with a spinlock held or * from interrupt state @pri must be %GFP_ATOMIC * * %NULL is returned on a memory allocation failure. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_unshare(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_cloned(skb)) { struct sk_buff *nskb = skb_copy(skb, pri); /* Free our shared copy */ if (likely(nskb)) consume_skb(skb); else kfree_skb(skb); skb = nskb; } return skb; } /** * skb_peek - peek at the head of an &sk_buff_head * @list_: list to peek at * * Peek an &sk_buff. Unlike most other operations you _MUST_ * be careful with this one. A peek leaves the buffer on the * list and someone else may run off with it. You must hold * the appropriate locks or have a private queue to do this. * * Returns %NULL for an empty list or a pointer to the head element. * The reference count is not incremented and the reference is therefore * volatile. Use with caution. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_peek(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { struct sk_buff *skb = list_->next; if (skb == (struct sk_buff *)list_) skb = NULL; return skb; } /** * __skb_peek - peek at the head of a non-empty &sk_buff_head * @list_: list to peek at * * Like skb_peek(), but the caller knows that the list is not empty. */ static inline struct sk_buff *__skb_peek(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { return list_->next; } /** * skb_peek_next - peek skb following the given one from a queue * @skb: skb to start from * @list_: list to peek at * * Returns %NULL when the end of the list is met or a pointer to the * next element. The reference count is not incremented and the * reference is therefore volatile. Use with caution. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_peek_next(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { struct sk_buff *next = skb->next; if (next == (struct sk_buff *)list_) next = NULL; return next; } /** * skb_peek_tail - peek at the tail of an &sk_buff_head * @list_: list to peek at * * Peek an &sk_buff. Unlike most other operations you _MUST_ * be careful with this one. A peek leaves the buffer on the * list and someone else may run off with it. You must hold * the appropriate locks or have a private queue to do this. * * Returns %NULL for an empty list or a pointer to the tail element. * The reference count is not incremented and the reference is therefore * volatile. Use with caution. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_peek_tail(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { struct sk_buff *skb = READ_ONCE(list_->prev); if (skb == (struct sk_buff *)list_) skb = NULL; return skb; } /** * skb_queue_len - get queue length * @list_: list to measure * * Return the length of an &sk_buff queue. */ static inline __u32 skb_queue_len(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { return list_->qlen; } /** * skb_queue_len_lockless - get queue length * @list_: list to measure * * Return the length of an &sk_buff queue. * This variant can be used in lockless contexts. */ static inline __u32 skb_queue_len_lockless(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { return READ_ONCE(list_->qlen); } /** * __skb_queue_head_init - initialize non-spinlock portions of sk_buff_head * @list: queue to initialize * * This initializes only the list and queue length aspects of * an sk_buff_head object. This allows to initialize the list * aspects of an sk_buff_head without reinitializing things like * the spinlock. It can also be used for on-stack sk_buff_head * objects where the spinlock is known to not be used. */ static inline void __skb_queue_head_init(struct sk_buff_head *list) { list->prev = list->next = (struct sk_buff *)list; list->qlen = 0; } /* * This function creates a split out lock class for each invocation; * this is needed for now since a whole lot of users of the skb-queue * infrastructure in drivers have different locking usage (in hardirq) * than the networking core (in softirq only). In the long run either the * network layer or drivers should need annotation to consolidate the * main types of usage into 3 classes. */ static inline void skb_queue_head_init(struct sk_buff_head *list) { spin_lock_init(&list->lock); __skb_queue_head_init(list); } static inline void skb_queue_head_init_class(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct lock_class_key *class) { skb_queue_head_init(list); lockdep_set_class(&list->lock, class); } /* * Insert an sk_buff on a list. * * The "__skb_xxxx()" functions are the non-atomic ones that * can only be called with interrupts disabled. */ static inline void __skb_insert(struct sk_buff *newsk, struct sk_buff *prev, struct sk_buff *next, struct sk_buff_head *list) { /* See skb_queue_empty_lockless() and skb_peek_tail() * for the opposite READ_ONCE() */ WRITE_ONCE(newsk->next, next); WRITE_ONCE(newsk->prev, prev); WRITE_ONCE(next->prev, newsk); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, newsk); WRITE_ONCE(list->qlen, list->qlen + 1); } static inline void __skb_queue_splice(const struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *prev, struct sk_buff *next) { struct sk_buff *first = list->next; struct sk_buff *last = list->prev; WRITE_ONCE(first->prev, prev); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, first); WRITE_ONCE(last->next, next); WRITE_ONCE(next->prev, last); } /** * skb_queue_splice - join two skb lists, this is designed for stacks * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list */ static inline void skb_queue_splice(const struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, (struct sk_buff *) head, head->next); head->qlen += list->qlen; } } /** * skb_queue_splice_init - join two skb lists and reinitialise the emptied list * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list * * The list at @list is reinitialised */ static inline void skb_queue_splice_init(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, (struct sk_buff *) head, head->next); head->qlen += list->qlen; __skb_queue_head_init(list); } } /** * skb_queue_splice_tail - join two skb lists, each list being a queue * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list */ static inline void skb_queue_splice_tail(const struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, head->prev, (struct sk_buff *) head); head->qlen += list->qlen; } } /** * skb_queue_splice_tail_init - join two skb lists and reinitialise the emptied list * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list * * Each of the lists is a queue. * The list at @list is reinitialised */ static inline void skb_queue_splice_tail_init(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, head->prev, (struct sk_buff *) head); head->qlen += list->qlen; __skb_queue_head_init(list); } } /** * __skb_queue_after - queue a buffer at the list head * @list: list to use * @prev: place after this buffer * @newsk: buffer to queue * * Queue a buffer int the middle of a list. This function takes no locks * and you must therefore hold required locks before calling it. * * A buffer cannot be placed on two lists at the same time. */ static inline void __skb_queue_after(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *prev, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_insert(newsk, prev, prev->next, list); } void skb_append(struct sk_buff *old, struct sk_buff *newsk, struct sk_buff_head *list); static inline void __skb_queue_before(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *next, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_insert(newsk, next->prev, next, list); } /** * __skb_queue_head - queue a buffer at the list head * @list: list to use * @newsk: buffer to queue * * Queue a buffer at the start of a list. This function takes no locks * and you must therefore hold required locks before calling it. * * A buffer cannot be placed on two lists at the same time. */ static inline void __skb_queue_head(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_queue_after(list, (struct sk_buff *)list, newsk); } void skb_queue_head(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk); /** * __skb_queue_tail - queue a buffer at the list tail * @list: list to use * @newsk: buffer to queue * * Queue a buffer at the end of a list. This function takes no locks * and you must therefore hold required locks before calling it. * * A buffer cannot be placed on two lists at the same time. */ static inline void __skb_queue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_queue_before(list, (struct sk_buff *)list, newsk); } void skb_queue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk); /* * remove sk_buff from list. _Must_ be called atomically, and with * the list known.. */ void skb_unlink(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff_head *list); static inline void __skb_unlink(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *next, *prev; WRITE_ONCE(list->qlen, list->qlen - 1); next = skb->next; prev = skb->prev; skb->next = skb->prev = NULL; WRITE_ONCE(next->prev, prev); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, next); } /** * __skb_dequeue - remove from the head of the queue * @list: list to dequeue from * * Remove the head of the list. This function does not take any locks * so must be used with appropriate locks held only. The head item is * returned or %NULL if the list is empty. */ static inline struct sk_buff *__skb_dequeue(struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek(list); if (skb) __skb_unlink(skb, list); return skb; } struct sk_buff *skb_dequeue(struct sk_buff_head *list); /** * __skb_dequeue_tail - remove from the tail of the queue * @list: list to dequeue from * * Remove the tail of the list. This function does not take any locks * so must be used with appropriate locks held only. The tail item is * returned or %NULL if the list is empty. */ static inline struct sk_buff *__skb_dequeue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek_tail(list); if (skb) __skb_unlink(skb, list); return skb; } struct sk_buff *skb_dequeue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list); static inline bool skb_is_nonlinear(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->data_len; } static inline unsigned int skb_headlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->len - skb->data_len; } static inline unsigned int __skb_pagelen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { unsigned int i, len = 0; for (i = skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags - 1; (int)i >= 0; i--) len += skb_frag_size(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i]); return len; } static inline unsigned int skb_pagelen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_headlen(skb) + __skb_pagelen(skb); } /** * __skb_fill_page_desc - initialise a paged fragment in an skb * @skb: buffer containing fragment to be initialised * @i: paged fragment index to initialise * @page: the page to use for this fragment * @off: the offset to the data with @page * @size: the length of the data * * Initialises the @i'th fragment of @skb to point to &size bytes at * offset @off within @page. * * Does not take any additional reference on the fragment. */ static inline void __skb_fill_page_desc(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, struct page *page, int off, int size) { skb_frag_t *frag = &skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i]; /* * Propagate page pfmemalloc to the skb if we can. The problem is * that not all callers have unique ownership of the page but rely * on page_is_pfmemalloc doing the right thing(tm). */ frag->bv_page = page; frag->bv_offset = off; skb_frag_size_set(frag, size); page = compound_head(page); if (page_is_pfmemalloc(page)) skb->pfmemalloc = true; } /** * skb_fill_page_desc - initialise a paged fragment in an skb * @skb: buffer containing fragment to be initialised * @i: paged fragment index to initialise * @page: the page to use for this fragment * @off: the offset to the data with @page * @size: the length of the data * * As per __skb_fill_page_desc() -- initialises the @i'th fragment of * @skb to point to @size bytes at offset @off within @page. In * addition updates @skb such that @i is the last fragment. * * Does not take any additional reference on the fragment. */ static inline void skb_fill_page_desc(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, struct page *page, int off, int size) { __skb_fill_page_desc(skb, i, page, off, size); skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags = i + 1; } void skb_add_rx_frag(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, struct page *page, int off, int size, unsigned int truesize); void skb_coalesce_rx_frag(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, int size, unsigned int truesize); #define SKB_LINEAR_ASSERT(skb) BUG_ON(skb_is_nonlinear(skb)) #ifdef NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET static inline unsigned char *skb_tail_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->tail; } static inline void skb_reset_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->tail = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_tail_pointer(skb); skb->tail += offset; } #else /* NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET */ static inline unsigned char *skb_tail_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->tail; } static inline void skb_reset_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->tail = skb->data; } static inline void skb_set_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb->tail = skb->data + offset; } #endif /* NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET */ /* * Add data to an sk_buff */ void *pskb_put(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff *tail, int len); void *skb_put(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void *__skb_put(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = skb_tail_pointer(skb); SKB_LINEAR_ASSERT(skb); skb->tail += len; skb->len += len; return tmp; } static inline void *__skb_put_zero(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = __skb_put(skb, len); memset(tmp, 0, len); return tmp; } static inline void *__skb_put_data(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *data, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = __skb_put(skb, len); memcpy(tmp, data, len); return tmp; } static inline void __skb_put_u8(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 val) { *(u8 *)__skb_put(skb, 1) = val; } static inline void *skb_put_zero(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = skb_put(skb, len); memset(tmp, 0, len); return tmp; } static inline void *skb_put_data(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *data, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = skb_put(skb, len); memcpy(tmp, data, len); return tmp; } static inline void skb_put_u8(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 val) { *(u8 *)skb_put(skb, 1) = val; } void *skb_push(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void *__skb_push(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { skb->data -= len; skb->len += len; return skb->data; } void *skb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void *__skb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { skb->len -= len; BUG_ON(skb->len < skb->data_len); return skb->data += len; } static inline void *skb_pull_inline(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return unlikely(len > skb->len) ? NULL : __skb_pull(skb, len); } void *__pskb_pull_tail(struct sk_buff *skb, int delta); static inline void *__pskb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (len > skb_headlen(skb) && !__pskb_pull_tail(skb, len - skb_headlen(skb))) return NULL; skb->len -= len; return skb->data += len; } static inline void *pskb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return unlikely(len > skb->len) ? NULL : __pskb_pull(skb, len); } static inline bool pskb_may_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (likely(len <= skb_headlen(skb))) return true; if (unlikely(len > skb->len)) return false; return __pskb_pull_tail(skb, len - skb_headlen(skb)) != NULL; } void skb_condense(struct sk_buff *skb); /** * skb_headroom - bytes at buffer head * @skb: buffer to check * * Return the number of bytes of free space at the head of an &sk_buff. */ static inline unsigned int skb_headroom(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->data - skb->head; } /** * skb_tailroom - bytes at buffer end * @skb: buffer to check * * Return the number of bytes of free space at the tail of an sk_buff */ static inline int skb_tailroom(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) ? 0 : skb->end - skb->tail; } /** * skb_availroom - bytes at buffer end * @skb: buffer to check * * Return the number of bytes of free space at the tail of an sk_buff * allocated by sk_stream_alloc() */ static inline int skb_availroom(const struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_is_nonlinear(skb)) return 0; return skb->end - skb->tail - skb->reserved_tailroom; } /** * skb_reserve - adjust headroom * @skb: buffer to alter * @len: bytes to move * * Increase the headroom of an empty &sk_buff by reducing the tail * room. This is only allowed for an empty buffer. */ static inline void skb_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, int len) { skb->data += len; skb->tail += len; } /** * skb_tailroom_reserve - adjust reserved_tailroom * @skb: buffer to alter * @mtu: maximum amount of headlen permitted * @needed_tailroom: minimum amount of reserved_tailroom * * Set reserved_tailroom so that headlen can be as large as possible but * not larger than mtu and tailroom cannot be smaller than * needed_tailroom. * The required headroom should already have been reserved before using * this function. */ static inline void skb_tailroom_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int mtu, unsigned int needed_tailroom) { SKB_LINEAR_ASSERT(skb); if (mtu < skb_tailroom(skb) - needed_tailroom) /* use at most mtu */ skb->reserved_tailroom = skb_tailroom(skb) - mtu; else /* use up to all available space */ skb->reserved_tailroom = needed_tailroom; } #define ENCAP_TYPE_ETHER 0 #define ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO 1 static inline void skb_set_inner_protocol(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 protocol) { skb->inner_protocol = protocol; skb->inner_protocol_type = ENCAP_TYPE_ETHER; } static inline void skb_set_inner_ipproto(struct sk_buff *skb, __u8 ipproto) { skb->inner_ipproto = ipproto; skb->inner_protocol_type = ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_headers(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_mac_header = skb->mac_header; skb->inner_network_header = skb->network_header; skb->inner_transport_header = skb->transport_header; } static inline void skb_reset_mac_len(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_len = skb->network_header - skb->mac_header; } static inline unsigned char *skb_inner_transport_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->inner_transport_header; } static inline int skb_inner_transport_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_inner_transport_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_transport_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_inner_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_inner_transport_header(skb); skb->inner_transport_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_inner_network_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->inner_network_header; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_network_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_inner_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_inner_network_header(skb); skb->inner_network_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_inner_mac_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->inner_mac_header; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_mac_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_inner_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_inner_mac_header(skb); skb->inner_mac_header += offset; } static inline bool skb_transport_header_was_set(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->transport_header != (typeof(skb->transport_header))~0U; } static inline unsigned char *skb_transport_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->transport_header; } static inline void skb_reset_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->transport_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_transport_header(skb); skb->transport_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_network_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->network_header; } static inline void skb_reset_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->network_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_network_header(skb); skb->network_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_mac_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->mac_header; } static inline int skb_mac_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_mac_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline u32 skb_mac_header_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->network_header - skb->mac_header; } static inline int skb_mac_header_was_set(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->mac_header != (typeof(skb->mac_header))~0U; } static inline void skb_unset_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_header = (typeof(skb->mac_header))~0U; } static inline void skb_reset_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_mac_header(skb); skb->mac_header += offset; } static inline void skb_pop_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_header = skb->network_header; } static inline void skb_probe_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct flow_keys_basic keys; if (skb_transport_header_was_set(skb)) return; if (skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys_basic(NULL, skb, &keys, NULL, 0, 0, 0, 0)) skb_set_transport_header(skb, keys.control.thoff); } static inline void skb_mac_header_rebuild(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_mac_header_was_set(skb)) { const unsigned char *old_mac = skb_mac_header(skb); skb_set_mac_header(skb, -skb->mac_len); memmove(skb_mac_header(skb), old_mac, skb->mac_len); } } static inline int skb_checksum_start_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->csum_start - skb_headroom(skb); } static inline unsigned char *skb_checksum_start(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->csum_start; } static inline int skb_transport_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_transport_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline u32 skb_network_header_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->transport_header - skb->network_header; } static inline u32 skb_inner_network_header_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->inner_transport_header - skb->inner_network_header; } static inline int skb_network_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_network_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline int skb_inner_network_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_inner_network_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline int pskb_network_may_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return pskb_may_pull(skb, skb_network_offset(skb) + len); } /* * CPUs often take a performance hit when accessing unaligned memory * locations. The actual performance hit varies, it can be small if the * hardware handles it or large if we have to take an exception and fix it * in software. * * Since an ethernet header is 14 bytes network drivers often end up with * the IP header at an unaligned offset. The IP header can be aligned by * shifting the start of the packet by 2 bytes. Drivers should do this * with: * * skb_reserve(skb, NET_IP_ALIGN); * * The downside to this alignment of the IP header is that the DMA is now * unaligned. On some architectures the cost of an unaligned DMA is high * and this cost outweighs the gains made by aligning the IP header. * * Since this trade off varies between architectures, we allow NET_IP_ALIGN * to be overridden. */ #ifndef NET_IP_ALIGN #define NET_IP_ALIGN 2 #endif /* * The networking layer reserves some headroom in skb data (via * dev_alloc_skb). This is used to avoid having to reallocate skb data when * the header has to grow. In the default case, if the header has to grow * 32 bytes or less we avoid the reallocation. * * Unfortunately this headroom changes the DMA alignment of the resulting * network packet. As for NET_IP_ALIGN, this unaligned DMA is expensive * on some architectures. An architecture can override this value, * perhaps setting it to a cacheline in size (since that will maintain * cacheline alignment of the DMA). It must be a power of 2. * * Various parts of the networking layer expect at least 32 bytes of * headroom, you should not reduce this. * * Using max(32, L1_CACHE_BYTES) makes sense (especially with RPS) * to reduce average number of cache lines per packet. * get_rps_cpu() for example only access one 64 bytes aligned block : * NET_IP_ALIGN(2) + ethernet_header(14) + IP_header(20/40) + ports(8) */ #ifndef NET_SKB_PAD #define NET_SKB_PAD max(32, L1_CACHE_BYTES) #endif int ___pskb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void __skb_set_length(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (WARN_ON(skb_is_nonlinear(skb))) return; skb->len = len; skb_set_tail_pointer(skb, len); } static inline void __skb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { __skb_set_length(skb, len); } void skb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline int __pskb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb->data_len) return ___pskb_trim(skb, len); __skb_trim(skb, len); return 0; } static inline int pskb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return (len < skb->len) ? __pskb_trim(skb, len) : 0; } /** * pskb_trim_unique - remove end from a paged unique (not cloned) buffer * @skb: buffer to alter * @len: new length * * This is identical to pskb_trim except that the caller knows that * the skb is not cloned so we should never get an error due to out- * of-memory. */ static inline void pskb_trim_unique(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { int err = pskb_trim(skb, len); BUG_ON(err); } static inline int __skb_grow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { unsigned int diff = len - skb->len; if (skb_tailroom(skb) < diff) { int ret = pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, diff - skb_tailroom(skb), GFP_ATOMIC); if (ret) return ret; } __skb_set_length(skb, len); return 0; } /** * skb_orphan - orphan a buffer * @skb: buffer to orphan * * If a buffer currently has an owner then we call the owner's * destructor function and make the @skb unowned. The buffer continues * to exist but is no longer charged to its former owner. */ static inline void skb_orphan(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->destructor) { skb->destructor(skb); skb->destructor = NULL; skb->sk = NULL; } else { BUG_ON(skb->sk); } } /** * skb_orphan_frags - orphan the frags contained in a buffer * @skb: buffer to orphan frags from * @gfp_mask: allocation mask for replacement pages * * For each frag in the SKB which needs a destructor (i.e. has an * owner) create a copy of that frag and release the original * page by calling the destructor. */ static inline int skb_orphan_frags(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (likely(!skb_zcopy(skb))) return 0; if (!skb_zcopy_is_nouarg(skb) && skb_uarg(skb)->callback == sock_zerocopy_callback) return 0; return skb_copy_ubufs(skb, gfp_mask); } /* Frags must be orphaned, even if refcounted, if skb might loop to rx path */ static inline int skb_orphan_frags_rx(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (likely(!skb_zcopy(skb))) return 0; return skb_copy_ubufs(skb, gfp_mask); } /** * __skb_queue_purge - empty a list * @list: list to empty * * Delete all buffers on an &sk_buff list. Each buffer is removed from * the list and one reference dropped. This function does not take the * list lock and the caller must hold the relevant locks to use it. */ static inline void __skb_queue_purge(struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *skb; while ((skb = __skb_dequeue(list)) != NULL) kfree_skb(skb); } void skb_queue_purge(struct sk_buff_head *list); unsigned int skb_rbtree_purge(struct rb_root *root); void *netdev_alloc_frag(unsigned int fragsz); struct sk_buff *__netdev_alloc_skb(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp_mask); /** * netdev_alloc_skb - allocate an skbuff for rx on a specific device * @dev: network device to receive on * @length: length to allocate * * Allocate a new &sk_buff and assign it a usage count of one. The * buffer has unspecified headroom built in. Users should allocate * the headroom they think they need without accounting for the * built in space. The built in space is used for optimisations. * * %NULL is returned if there is no free memory. Although this function * allocates memory it can be called from an interrupt. */ static inline struct sk_buff *netdev_alloc_skb(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length) { return __netdev_alloc_skb(dev, length, GFP_ATOMIC); } /* legacy helper around __netdev_alloc_skb() */ static inline struct sk_buff *__dev_alloc_skb(unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __netdev_alloc_skb(NULL, length, gfp_mask); } /* legacy helper around netdev_alloc_skb() */ static inline struct sk_buff *dev_alloc_skb(unsigned int length) { return netdev_alloc_skb(NULL, length); } static inline struct sk_buff *__netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp) { struct sk_buff *skb = __netdev_alloc_skb(dev, length + NET_IP_ALIGN, gfp); if (NET_IP_ALIGN && skb) skb_reserve(skb, NET_IP_ALIGN); return skb; } static inline struct sk_buff *netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length) { return __netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(dev, length, GFP_ATOMIC); } static inline void skb_free_frag(void *addr) { page_frag_free(addr); } void *napi_alloc_frag(unsigned int fragsz); struct sk_buff *__napi_alloc_skb(struct napi_struct *napi, unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp_mask); static inline struct sk_buff *napi_alloc_skb(struct napi_struct *napi, unsigned int length) { return __napi_alloc_skb(napi, length, GFP_ATOMIC); } void napi_consume_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int budget); void __kfree_skb_flush(void); void __kfree_skb_defer(struct sk_buff *skb); /** * __dev_alloc_pages - allocate page for network Rx * @gfp_mask: allocation priority. Set __GFP_NOMEMALLOC if not for network Rx * @order: size of the allocation * * Allocate a new page. * * %NULL is returned if there is no free memory. */ static inline struct page *__dev_alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { /* This piece of code contains several assumptions. * 1. This is for device Rx, therefor a cold page is preferred. * 2. The expectation is the user wants a compound page. * 3. If requesting a order 0 page it will not be compound * due to the check to see if order has a value in prep_new_page * 4. __GFP_MEMALLOC is ignored if __GFP_NOMEMALLOC is set due to * code in gfp_to_alloc_flags that should be enforcing this. */ gfp_mask |= __GFP_COMP | __GFP_MEMALLOC; return alloc_pages_node(NUMA_NO_NODE, gfp_mask, order); } static inline struct page *dev_alloc_pages(unsigned int order) { return __dev_alloc_pages(GFP_ATOMIC | __GFP_NOWARN, order); } /** * __dev_alloc_page - allocate a page for network Rx * @gfp_mask: allocation priority. Set __GFP_NOMEMALLOC if not for network Rx * * Allocate a new page. * * %NULL is returned if there is no free memory. */ static inline struct page *__dev_alloc_page(gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __dev_alloc_pages(gfp_mask, 0); } static inline struct page *dev_alloc_page(void) { return dev_alloc_pages(0); } /** * skb_propagate_pfmemalloc - Propagate pfmemalloc if skb is allocated after RX page * @page: The page that was allocated from skb_alloc_page * @skb: The skb that may need pfmemalloc set */ static inline void skb_propagate_pfmemalloc(struct page *page, struct sk_buff *skb) { if (page_is_pfmemalloc(page)) skb->pfmemalloc = true; } /** * skb_frag_off() - Returns the offset of a skb fragment * @frag: the paged fragment */ static inline unsigned int skb_frag_off(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return frag->bv_offset; } /** * skb_frag_off_add() - Increments the offset of a skb fragment by @delta * @frag: skb fragment * @delta: value to add */ static inline void skb_frag_off_add(skb_frag_t *frag, int delta) { frag->bv_offset += delta; } /** * skb_frag_off_set() - Sets the offset of a skb fragment * @frag: skb fragment * @offset: offset of fragment */ static inline void skb_frag_off_set(skb_frag_t *frag, unsigned int offset) { frag->bv_offset = offset; } /** * skb_frag_off_copy() - Sets the offset of a skb fragment from another fragment * @fragto: skb fragment where offset is set * @fragfrom: skb fragment offset is copied from */ static inline void skb_frag_off_copy(skb_frag_t *fragto, const skb_frag_t *fragfrom) { fragto->bv_offset = fragfrom->bv_offset; } /** * skb_frag_page - retrieve the page referred to by a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment * * Returns the &struct page associated with @frag. */ static inline struct page *skb_frag_page(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return frag->bv_page; } /** * __skb_frag_ref - take an addition reference on a paged fragment. * @frag: the paged fragment * * Takes an additional reference on the paged fragment @frag. */ static inline void __skb_frag_ref(skb_frag_t *frag) { get_page(skb_frag_page(frag)); } /** * skb_frag_ref - take an addition reference on a paged fragment of an skb. * @skb: the buffer * @f: the fragment offset. * * Takes an additional reference on the @f'th paged fragment of @skb. */ static inline void skb_frag_ref(struct sk_buff *skb, int f) { __skb_frag_ref(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[f]); } /** * __skb_frag_unref - release a reference on a paged fragment. * @frag: the paged fragment * * Releases a reference on the paged fragment @frag. */ static inline void __skb_frag_unref(skb_frag_t *frag) { put_page(skb_frag_page(frag)); } /** * skb_frag_unref - release a reference on a paged fragment of an skb. * @skb: the buffer * @f: the fragment offset * * Releases a reference on the @f'th paged fragment of @skb. */ static inline void skb_frag_unref(struct sk_buff *skb, int f) { __skb_frag_unref(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[f]); } /** * skb_frag_address - gets the address of the data contained in a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment buffer * * Returns the address of the data within @frag. The page must already * be mapped. */ static inline void *skb_frag_address(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return page_address(skb_frag_page(frag)) + skb_frag_off(frag); } /** * skb_frag_address_safe - gets the address of the data contained in a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment buffer * * Returns the address of the data within @frag. Checks that the page * is mapped and returns %NULL otherwise. */ static inline void *skb_frag_address_safe(const skb_frag_t *frag) { void *ptr = page_address(skb_frag_page(frag)); if (unlikely(!ptr)) return NULL; return ptr + skb_frag_off(frag); } /** * skb_frag_page_copy() - sets the page in a fragment from another fragment * @fragto: skb fragment where page is set * @fragfrom: skb fragment page is copied from */ static inline void skb_frag_page_copy(skb_frag_t *fragto, const skb_frag_t *fragfrom) { fragto->bv_page = fragfrom->bv_page; } /** * __skb_frag_set_page - sets the page contained in a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment * @page: the page to set * * Sets the fragment @frag to contain @page. */ static inline void __skb_frag_set_page(skb_frag_t *frag, struct page *page) { frag->bv_page = page; } /** * skb_frag_set_page - sets the page contained in a paged fragment of an skb * @skb: the buffer * @f: the fragment offset * @page: the page to set * * Sets the @f'th fragment of @skb to contain @page. */ static inline void skb_frag_set_page(struct sk_buff *skb, int f, struct page *page) { __skb_frag_set_page(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[f], page); } bool skb_page_frag_refill(unsigned int sz, struct page_frag *pfrag, gfp_t prio); /** * skb_frag_dma_map - maps a paged fragment via the DMA API * @dev: the device to map the fragment to * @frag: the paged fragment to map * @offset: the offset within the fragment (starting at the * fragment's own offset) * @size: the number of bytes to map * @dir: the direction of the mapping (``PCI_DMA_*``) * * Maps the page associated with @frag to @device. */ static inline dma_addr_t skb_frag_dma_map(struct device *dev, const skb_frag_t *frag, size_t offset, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { return dma_map_page(dev, skb_frag_page(frag), skb_frag_off(frag) + offset, size, dir); } static inline struct sk_buff *pskb_copy(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __pskb_copy(skb, skb_headroom(skb), gfp_mask); } static inline struct sk_buff *pskb_copy_for_clone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __pskb_copy_fclone(skb, skb_headroom(skb), gfp_mask, true); } /** * skb_clone_writable - is the header of a clone writable * @skb: buffer to check * @len: length up to which to write * * Returns true if modifying the header part of the cloned buffer * does not requires the data to be copied. */ static inline int skb_clone_writable(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return !skb_header_cloned(skb) && skb_headroom(skb) + len <= skb->hdr_len; } static inline int skb_try_make_writable(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int write_len) { return skb_cloned(skb) && !skb_clone_writable(skb, write_len) && pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, GFP_ATOMIC); } static inline int __skb_cow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom, int cloned) { int delta = 0; if (headroom > skb_headroom(skb)) delta = headroom - skb_headroom(skb); if (delta || cloned) return pskb_expand_head(skb, ALIGN(delta, NET_SKB_PAD), 0, GFP_ATOMIC); return 0; } /** * skb_cow - copy header of skb when it is required * @skb: buffer to cow * @headroom: needed headroom * * If the skb passed lacks sufficient headroom or its data part * is shared, data is reallocated. If reallocation fails, an error * is returned and original skb is not changed. * * The result is skb with writable area skb->head...skb->tail * and at least @headroom of space at head. */ static inline int skb_cow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom) { return __skb_cow(skb, headroom, skb_cloned(skb)); } /** * skb_cow_head - skb_cow but only making the head writable * @skb: buffer to cow * @headroom: needed headroom * * This function is identical to skb_cow except that we replace the * skb_cloned check by skb_header_cloned. It should be used when * you only need to push on some header and do not need to modify * the data. */ static inline int skb_cow_head(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom) { return __skb_cow(skb, headroom, skb_header_cloned(skb)); } /** * skb_padto - pad an skbuff up to a minimal size * @skb: buffer to pad * @len: minimal length * * Pads up a buffer to ensure the trailing bytes exist and are * blanked. If the buffer already contains sufficient data it * is untouched. Otherwise it is extended. Returns zero on * success. The skb is freed on error. */ static inline int skb_padto(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { unsigned int size = skb->len; if (likely(size >= len)) return 0; return skb_pad(skb, len - size); } /** * __skb_put_padto - increase size and pad an skbuff up to a minimal size * @skb: buffer to pad * @len: minimal length * @free_on_error: free buffer on error * * Pads up a buffer to ensure the trailing bytes exist and are * blanked. If the buffer already contains sufficient data it * is untouched. Otherwise it is extended. Returns zero on * success. The skb is freed on error if @free_on_error is true. */ static inline int __must_check __skb_put_padto(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len, bool free_on_error) { unsigned int size = skb->len; if (unlikely(size < len)) { len -= size; if (__skb_pad(skb, len, free_on_error)) return -ENOMEM; __skb_put(skb, len); } return 0; } /** * skb_put_padto - increase size and pad an skbuff up to a minimal size * @skb: buffer to pad * @len: minimal length * * Pads up a buffer to ensure the trailing bytes exist and are * blanked. If the buffer already contains sufficient data it * is untouched. Otherwise it is extended. Returns zero on * success. The skb is freed on error. */ static inline int __must_check skb_put_padto(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return __skb_put_padto(skb, len, true); } static inline int skb_add_data(struct sk_buff *skb, struct iov_iter *from, int copy) { const int off = skb->len; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) { __wsum csum = 0; if (csum_and_copy_from_iter_full(skb_put(skb, copy), copy, &csum, from)) { skb->csum = csum_block_add(skb->csum, csum, off); return 0; } } else if (copy_from_iter_full(skb_put(skb, copy), copy, from)) return 0; __skb_trim(skb, off); return -EFAULT; } static inline bool skb_can_coalesce(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, const struct page *page, int off) { if (skb_zcopy(skb)) return false; if (i) { const skb_frag_t *frag = &skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i - 1]; return page == skb_frag_page(frag) && off == skb_frag_off(frag) + skb_frag_size(frag); } return false; } static inline int __skb_linearize(struct sk_buff *skb) { return __pskb_pull_tail(skb, skb->data_len) ? 0 : -ENOMEM; } /** * skb_linearize - convert paged skb to linear one * @skb: buffer to linarize * * If there is no free memory -ENOMEM is returned, otherwise zero * is returned and the old skb data released. */ static inline int skb_linearize(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) ? __skb_linearize(skb) : 0; } /** * skb_has_shared_frag - can any frag be overwritten * @skb: buffer to test * * Return true if the skb has at least one frag that might be modified * by an external entity (as in vmsplice()/sendfile()) */ static inline bool skb_has_shared_frag(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) && skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags & SKBTX_SHARED_FRAG; } /** * skb_linearize_cow - make sure skb is linear and writable * @skb: buffer to process * * If there is no free memory -ENOMEM is returned, otherwise zero * is returned and the old skb data released. */ static inline int skb_linearize_cow(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) || skb_cloned(skb) ? __skb_linearize(skb) : 0; } static __always_inline void __skb_postpull_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len, unsigned int off) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_block_sub(skb->csum, csum_partial(start, len, 0), off); else if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL && skb_checksum_start_offset(skb) < 0) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; } /** * skb_postpull_rcsum - update checksum for received skb after pull * @skb: buffer to update * @start: start of data before pull * @len: length of data pulled * * After doing a pull on a received packet, you need to call this to * update the CHECKSUM_COMPLETE checksum, or set ip_summed to * CHECKSUM_NONE so that it can be recomputed from scratch. */ static inline void skb_postpull_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len) { __skb_postpull_rcsum(skb, start, len, 0); } static __always_inline void __skb_postpush_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len, unsigned int off) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_block_add(skb->csum, csum_partial(start, len, 0), off); } /** * skb_postpush_rcsum - update checksum for received skb after push * @skb: buffer to update * @start: start of data after push * @len: length of data pushed * * After doing a push on a received packet, you need to call this to * update the CHECKSUM_COMPLETE checksum. */ static inline void skb_postpush_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len) { __skb_postpush_rcsum(skb, start, len, 0); } void *skb_pull_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); /** * skb_push_rcsum - push skb and update receive checksum * @skb: buffer to update * @len: length of data pulled * * This function performs an skb_push on the packet and updates * the CHECKSUM_COMPLETE checksum. It should be used on * receive path processing instead of skb_push unless you know * that the checksum difference is zero (e.g., a valid IP header) * or you are setting ip_summed to CHECKSUM_NONE. */ static inline void *skb_push_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { skb_push(skb, len); skb_postpush_rcsum(skb, skb->data, len); return skb->data; } int pskb_trim_rcsum_slow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); /** * pskb_trim_rcsum - trim received skb and update checksum * @skb: buffer to trim * @len: new length * * This is exactly the same as pskb_trim except that it ensures the * checksum of received packets are still valid after the operation. * It can change skb pointers. */ static inline int pskb_trim_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (likely(len >= skb->len)) return 0; return pskb_trim_rcsum_slow(skb, len); } static inline int __skb_trim_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; __skb_trim(skb, len); return 0; } static inline int __skb_grow_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; return __skb_grow(skb, len); } #define rb_to_skb(rb) rb_entry_safe(rb, struct sk_buff, rbnode) #define skb_rb_first(root) rb_to_skb(rb_first(root)) #define skb_rb_last(root) rb_to_skb(rb_last(root)) #define skb_rb_next(skb) rb_to_skb(rb_next(&(skb)->rbnode)) #define skb_rb_prev(skb) rb_to_skb(rb_prev(&(skb)->rbnode)) #define skb_queue_walk(queue, skb) \ for (skb = (queue)->next; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = skb->next) #define skb_queue_walk_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (skb = (queue)->next, tmp = skb->next; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->next) #define skb_queue_walk_from(queue, skb) \ for (; skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = skb->next) #define skb_rbtree_walk(skb, root) \ for (skb = skb_rb_first(root); skb != NULL; \ skb = skb_rb_next(skb)) #define skb_rbtree_walk_from(skb) \ for (; skb != NULL; \ skb = skb_rb_next(skb)) #define skb_rbtree_walk_from_safe(skb, tmp) \ for (; tmp = skb ? skb_rb_next(skb) : NULL, (skb != NULL); \ skb = tmp) #define skb_queue_walk_from_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (tmp = skb->next; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->next) #define skb_queue_reverse_walk(queue, skb) \ for (skb = (queue)->prev; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = skb->prev) #define skb_queue_reverse_walk_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (skb = (queue)->prev, tmp = skb->prev; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->prev) #define skb_queue_reverse_walk_from_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (tmp = skb->prev; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->prev) static inline bool skb_has_frag_list(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list != NULL; } static inline void skb_frag_list_init(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list = NULL; } #define skb_walk_frags(skb, iter) \ for (iter = skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list; iter; iter = iter->next) int __skb_wait_for_more_packets(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, int *err, long *timeo_p, const struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *__skb_try_recv_from_queue(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err, struct sk_buff **last); struct sk_buff *__skb_try_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err, struct sk_buff **last); struct sk_buff *__skb_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *sk_queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err); struct sk_buff *skb_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, unsigned flags, int noblock, int *err); __poll_t datagram_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, struct poll_table_struct *wait); int skb_copy_datagram_iter(const struct sk_buff *from, int offset, struct iov_iter *to, int size); static inline int skb_copy_datagram_msg(const struct sk_buff *from, int offset, struct msghdr *msg, int size) { return skb_copy_datagram_iter(from, offset, &msg->msg_iter, size); } int skb_copy_and_csum_datagram_msg(struct sk_buff *skb, int hlen, struct msghdr *msg); int skb_copy_and_hash_datagram_iter(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, struct iov_iter *to, int len, struct ahash_request *hash); int skb_copy_datagram_from_iter(struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, struct iov_iter *from, int len); int zerocopy_sg_from_iter(struct sk_buff *skb, struct iov_iter *frm); void skb_free_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void __skb_free_datagram_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int len); static inline void skb_free_datagram_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { __skb_free_datagram_locked(sk, skb, 0); } int skb_kill_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int flags); int skb_copy_bits(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, void *to, int len); int skb_store_bits(struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, const void *from, int len); __wsum skb_copy_and_csum_bits(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, u8 *to, int len); int skb_splice_bits(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk, unsigned int offset, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, unsigned int len, unsigned int flags); int skb_send_sock_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len); void skb_copy_and_csum_dev(const struct sk_buff *skb, u8 *to); unsigned int skb_zerocopy_headlen(const struct sk_buff *from); int skb_zerocopy(struct sk_buff *to, struct sk_buff *from, int len, int hlen); void skb_split(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff *skb1, const u32 len); int skb_shift(struct sk_buff *tgt, struct sk_buff *skb, int shiftlen); void skb_scrub_packet(struct sk_buff *skb, bool xnet); bool skb_gso_validate_network_len(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int mtu); bool skb_gso_validate_mac_len(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); struct sk_buff *skb_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features); struct sk_buff *skb_segment_list(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features, unsigned int offset); struct sk_buff *skb_vlan_untag(struct sk_buff *skb); int skb_ensure_writable(struct sk_buff *skb, int write_len); int __skb_vlan_pop(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 *vlan_tci); int skb_vlan_pop(struct sk_buff *skb); int skb_vlan_push(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 vlan_proto, u16 vlan_tci); int skb_eth_pop(struct sk_buff *skb); int skb_eth_push(struct sk_buff *skb, const unsigned char *dst, const unsigned char *src); int skb_mpls_push(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 mpls_lse, __be16 mpls_proto, int mac_len, bool ethernet); int skb_mpls_pop(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 next_proto, int mac_len, bool ethernet); int skb_mpls_update_lse(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 mpls_lse); int skb_mpls_dec_ttl(struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *pskb_extract(struct sk_buff *skb, int off, int to_copy, gfp_t gfp); static inline int memcpy_from_msg(void *data, struct msghdr *msg, int len) { return copy_from_iter_full(data, len, &msg->msg_iter) ? 0 : -EFAULT; } static inline int memcpy_to_msg(struct msghdr *msg, void *data, int len) { return copy_to_iter(data, len, &msg->msg_iter) == len ? 0 : -EFAULT; } struct skb_checksum_ops { __wsum (*update)(const void *mem, int len, __wsum wsum); __wsum (*combine)(__wsum csum, __wsum csum2, int offset, int len); }; extern const struct skb_checksum_ops *crc32c_csum_stub __read_mostly; __wsum __skb_checksum(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, __wsum csum, const struct skb_checksum_ops *ops); __wsum skb_checksum(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, __wsum csum); static inline void * __must_check __skb_header_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, void *data, int hlen, void *buffer) { if (hlen - offset >= len) return data + offset; if (!skb || skb_copy_bits(skb, offset, buffer, len) < 0) return NULL; return buffer; } static inline void * __must_check skb_header_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, void *buffer) { return __skb_header_pointer(skb, offset, len, skb->data, skb_headlen(skb), buffer); } /** * skb_needs_linearize - check if we need to linearize a given skb * depending on the given device features. * @skb: socket buffer to check * @features: net device features * * Returns true if either: * 1. skb has frag_list and the device doesn't support FRAGLIST, or * 2. skb is fragmented and the device does not support SG. */ static inline bool skb_needs_linearize(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) && ((skb_has_frag_list(skb) && !(features & NETIF_F_FRAGLIST)) || (skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags && !(features & NETIF_F_SG))); } static inline void skb_copy_from_linear_data(const struct sk_buff *skb, void *to, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(to, skb->data, len); } static inline void skb_copy_from_linear_data_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset, void *to, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(to, skb->data + offset, len); } static inline void skb_copy_to_linear_data(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *from, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(skb->data, from, len); } static inline void skb_copy_to_linear_data_offset(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset, const void *from, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(skb->data + offset, from, len); } void skb_init(void); static inline ktime_t skb_get_ktime(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->tstamp; } /** * skb_get_timestamp - get timestamp from a skb * @skb: skb to get stamp from * @stamp: pointer to struct __kernel_old_timeval to store stamp in * * Timestamps are stored in the skb as offsets to a base timestamp. * This function converts the offset back to a struct timeval and stores * it in stamp. */ static inline void skb_get_timestamp(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_old_timeval *stamp) { *stamp = ns_to_kernel_old_timeval(skb->tstamp); } static inline void skb_get_new_timestamp(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_sock_timeval *stamp) { struct timespec64 ts = ktime_to_timespec64(skb->tstamp); stamp->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec; stamp->tv_usec = ts.tv_nsec / 1000; } static inline void skb_get_timestampns(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_old_timespec *stamp) { struct timespec64 ts = ktime_to_timespec64(skb->tstamp); stamp->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec; stamp->tv_nsec = ts.tv_nsec; } static inline void skb_get_new_timestampns(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_timespec *stamp) { struct timespec64 ts = ktime_to_timespec64(skb->tstamp); stamp->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec; stamp->tv_nsec = ts.tv_nsec; } static inline void __net_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->tstamp = ktime_get_real(); } static inline ktime_t net_timedelta(ktime_t t) { return ktime_sub(ktime_get_real(), t); } static inline ktime_t net_invalid_timestamp(void) { return 0; } static inline u8 skb_metadata_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->meta_len; } static inline void *skb_metadata_end(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_mac_header(skb); } static inline bool __skb_metadata_differs(const struct sk_buff *skb_a, const struct sk_buff *skb_b, u8 meta_len) { const void *a = skb_metadata_end(skb_a); const void *b = skb_metadata_end(skb_b); /* Using more efficient varaiant than plain call to memcmp(). */ #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 u64 diffs = 0; switch (meta_len) { #define __it(x, op) (x -= sizeof(u##op)) #define __it_diff(a, b, op) (*(u##op *)__it(a, op)) ^ (*(u##op *)__it(b, op)) case 32: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 24: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 16: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 8: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); break; case 28: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 20: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 12: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 4: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 32); break; } return diffs; #else return memcmp(a - meta_len, b - meta_len, meta_len); #endif } static inline bool skb_metadata_differs(const struct sk_buff *skb_a, const struct sk_buff *skb_b) { u8 len_a = skb_metadata_len(skb_a); u8 len_b = skb_metadata_len(skb_b); if (!(len_a | len_b)) return false; return len_a != len_b ? true : __skb_metadata_differs(skb_a, skb_b, len_a); } static inline void skb_metadata_set(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 meta_len) { skb_shinfo(skb)->meta_len = meta_len; } static inline void skb_metadata_clear(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_metadata_set(skb, 0); } struct sk_buff *skb_clone_sk(struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_NETWORK_PHY_TIMESTAMPING void skb_clone_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb); bool skb_defer_rx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb); #else /* CONFIG_NETWORK_PHY_TIMESTAMPING */ static inline void skb_clone_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { } static inline bool skb_defer_rx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { return false; } #endif /* !CONFIG_NETWORK_PHY_TIMESTAMPING */ /** * skb_complete_tx_timestamp() - deliver cloned skb with tx timestamps * * PHY drivers may accept clones of transmitted packets for * timestamping via their phy_driver.txtstamp method. These drivers * must call this function to return the skb back to the stack with a * timestamp. * * @skb: clone of the original outgoing packet * @hwtstamps: hardware time stamps * */ void skb_complete_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb, struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *hwtstamps); void __skb_tstamp_tx(struct sk_buff *orig_skb, struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *hwtstamps, struct sock *sk, int tstype); /** * skb_tstamp_tx - queue clone of skb with send time stamps * @orig_skb: the original outgoing packet * @hwtstamps: hardware time stamps, may be NULL if not available * * If the skb has a socket associated, then this function clones the * skb (thus sharing the actual data and optional structures), stores * the optional hardware time stamping information (if non NULL) or * generates a software time stamp (otherwise), then queues the clone * to the error queue of the socket. Errors are silently ignored. */ void skb_tstamp_tx(struct sk_buff *orig_skb, struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *hwtstamps); /** * skb_tx_timestamp() - Driver hook for transmit timestamping * * Ethernet MAC Drivers should call this function in their hard_xmit() * function immediately before giving the sk_buff to the MAC hardware. * * Specifically, one should make absolutely sure that this function is * called before TX completion of this packet can trigger. Otherwise * the packet could potentially already be freed. * * @skb: A socket buffer. */ static inline void skb_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_clone_tx_timestamp(skb); if (skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags & SKBTX_SW_TSTAMP) skb_tstamp_tx(skb, NULL); } /** * skb_complete_wifi_ack - deliver skb with wifi status * * @skb: the original outgoing packet * @acked: ack status * */ void skb_complete_wifi_ack(struct sk_buff *skb, bool acked); __sum16 __skb_checksum_complete_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int len); __sum16 __skb_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb); static inline int skb_csum_unnecessary(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return ((skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) || skb->csum_valid || (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL && skb_checksum_start_offset(skb) >= 0)); } /** * skb_checksum_complete - Calculate checksum of an entire packet * @skb: packet to process * * This function calculates the checksum over the entire packet plus * the value of skb->csum. The latter can be used to supply the * checksum of a pseudo header as used by TCP/UDP. It returns the * checksum. * * For protocols that contain complete checksums such as ICMP/TCP/UDP, * this function can be used to verify that checksum on received * packets. In that case the function should return zero if the * checksum is correct. In particular, this function will return zero * if skb->ip_summed is CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY which indicates that the * hardware has already verified the correctness of the checksum. */ static inline __sum16 skb_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) ? 0 : __skb_checksum_complete(skb); } static inline void __skb_decr_checksum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) { if (skb->csum_level == 0) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; else skb->csum_level--; } } static inline void __skb_incr_checksum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) { if (skb->csum_level < SKB_MAX_CSUM_LEVEL) skb->csum_level++; } else if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) { skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY; skb->csum_level = 0; } } static inline void __skb_reset_checksum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) { skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; skb->csum_level = 0; } } /* Check if we need to perform checksum complete validation. * * Returns true if checksum complete is needed, false otherwise * (either checksum is unnecessary or zero checksum is allowed). */ static inline bool __skb_checksum_validate_needed(struct sk_buff *skb, bool zero_okay, __sum16 check) { if (skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) || (zero_okay && !check)) { skb->csum_valid = 1; __skb_decr_checksum_unnecessary(skb); return false; } return true; } /* For small packets <= CHECKSUM_BREAK perform checksum complete directly * in checksum_init. */ #define CHECKSUM_BREAK 76 /* Unset checksum-complete * * Unset checksum complete can be done when packet is being modified * (uncompressed for instance) and checksum-complete value is * invalidated. */ static inline void skb_checksum_complete_unset(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; } /* Validate (init) checksum based on checksum complete. * * Return values: * 0: checksum is validated or try to in skb_checksum_complete. In the latter * case the ip_summed will not be CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY and the pseudo * checksum is stored in skb->csum for use in __skb_checksum_complete * non-zero: value of invalid checksum * */ static inline __sum16 __skb_checksum_validate_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, bool complete, __wsum psum) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) { if (!csum_fold(csum_add(psum, skb->csum))) { skb->csum_valid = 1; return 0; } } skb->csum = psum; if (complete || skb->len <= CHECKSUM_BREAK) { __sum16 csum; csum = __skb_checksum_complete(skb); skb->csum_valid = !csum; return csum; } return 0; } static inline __wsum null_compute_pseudo(struct sk_buff *skb, int proto) { return 0; } /* Perform checksum validate (init). Note that this is a macro since we only * want to calculate the pseudo header which is an input function if necessary. * First we try to validate without any computation (checksum unnecessary) and * then calculate based on checksum complete calling the function to compute * pseudo header. * * Return values: * 0: checksum is validated or try to in skb_checksum_complete * non-zero: value of invalid checksum */ #define __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, complete, \ zero_okay, check, compute_pseudo) \ ({ \ __sum16 __ret = 0; \ skb->csum_valid = 0; \ if (__skb_checksum_validate_needed(skb, zero_okay, check)) \ __ret = __skb_checksum_validate_complete(skb, \ complete, compute_pseudo(skb, proto)); \ __ret; \ }) #define skb_checksum_init(skb, proto, compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, false, false, 0, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_init_zero_check(skb, proto, check, compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, false, true, check, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, true, false, 0, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_validate_zero_check(skb, proto, check, \ compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, true, true, check, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_simple_validate(skb) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, 0, true, false, 0, null_compute_pseudo) static inline bool __skb_checksum_convert_check(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE && skb->csum_valid); } static inline void __skb_checksum_convert(struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum pseudo) { skb->csum = ~pseudo; skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_COMPLETE; } #define skb_checksum_try_convert(skb, proto, compute_pseudo) \ do { \ if (__skb_checksum_convert_check(skb)) \ __skb_checksum_convert(skb, compute_pseudo(skb, proto)); \ } while (0) static inline void skb_remcsum_adjust_partial(struct sk_buff *skb, void *ptr, u16 start, u16 offset) { skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL; skb->csum_start = ((unsigned char *)ptr + start) - skb->head; skb->csum_offset = offset - start; } /* Update skbuf and packet to reflect the remote checksum offload operation. * When called, ptr indicates the starting point for skb->csum when * ip_summed is CHECKSUM_COMPLETE. If we need create checksum complete * here, skb_postpull_rcsum is done so skb->csum start is ptr. */ static inline void skb_remcsum_process(struct sk_buff *skb, void *ptr, int start, int offset, bool nopartial) { __wsum delta; if (!nopartial) { skb_remcsum_adjust_partial(skb, ptr, start, offset); return; } if (unlikely(skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_COMPLETE)) { __skb_checksum_complete(skb); skb_postpull_rcsum(skb, skb->data, ptr - (void *)skb->data); } delta = remcsum_adjust(ptr, skb->csum, start, offset); /* Adjust skb->csum since we changed the packet */ skb->csum = csum_add(skb->csum, delta); } static inline struct nf_conntrack *skb_nfct(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) return (void *)(skb->_nfct & NFCT_PTRMASK); #else return NULL; #endif } static inline unsigned long skb_get_nfct(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) return skb->_nfct; #else return 0UL; #endif } static inline void skb_set_nfct(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned long nfct) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) skb->_nfct = nfct; #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS enum skb_ext_id { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BRIDGE_NETFILTER) SKB_EXT_BRIDGE_NF, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_TC_SKB_EXT) TC_SKB_EXT, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPTCP) SKB_EXT_MPTCP, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KCOV) SKB_EXT_KCOV_HANDLE, #endif SKB_EXT_NUM, /* must be last */ }; /** * struct skb_ext - sk_buff extensions * @refcnt: 1 on allocation, deallocated on 0 * @offset: offset to add to @data to obtain extension address * @chunks: size currently allocated, stored in SKB_EXT_ALIGN_SHIFT units * @data: start of extension data, variable sized * * Note: offsets/lengths are stored in chunks of 8 bytes, this allows * to use 'u8' types while allowing up to 2kb worth of extension data. */ struct skb_ext { refcount_t refcnt; u8 offset[SKB_EXT_NUM]; /* in chunks of 8 bytes */ u8 chunks; /* same */ char data[] __aligned(8); }; struct skb_ext *__skb_ext_alloc(gfp_t flags); void *__skb_ext_set(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id, struct skb_ext *ext); void *skb_ext_add(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id); void __skb_ext_del(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id); void __skb_ext_put(struct skb_ext *ext); static inline void skb_ext_put(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->active_extensions) __skb_ext_put(skb->extensions); } static inline void __skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src) { dst->active_extensions = src->active_extensions; if (src->active_extensions) { struct skb_ext *ext = src->extensions; refcount_inc(&ext->refcnt); dst->extensions = ext; } } static inline void skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src) { skb_ext_put(dst); __skb_ext_copy(dst, src); } static inline bool __skb_ext_exist(const struct skb_ext *ext, enum skb_ext_id i) { return !!ext->offset[i]; } static inline bool skb_ext_exist(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id) { return skb->active_extensions & (1 << id); } static inline void skb_ext_del(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id) { if (skb_ext_exist(skb, id)) __skb_ext_del(skb, id); } static inline void *skb_ext_find(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id) { if (skb_ext_exist(skb, id)) { struct skb_ext *ext = skb->extensions; return (void *)ext + (ext->offset[id] << 3); } return NULL; } static inline void skb_ext_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (unlikely(skb->active_extensions)) { __skb_ext_put(skb->extensions); skb->active_extensions = 0; } } static inline bool skb_has_extensions(struct sk_buff *skb) { return unlikely(skb->active_extensions); } #else static inline void skb_ext_put(struct sk_buff *skb) {} static inline void skb_ext_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) {} static inline void skb_ext_del(struct sk_buff *skb, int unused) {} static inline void __skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *d, const struct sk_buff *s) {} static inline void skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *s) {} static inline bool skb_has_extensions(struct sk_buff *skb) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS */ static inline void nf_reset_ct(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) nf_conntrack_put(skb_nfct(skb)); skb->_nfct = 0; #endif } static inline void nf_reset_trace(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) skb->nf_trace = 0; #endif } static inline void ipvs_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP_VS) skb->ipvs_property = 0; #endif } /* Note: This doesn't put any conntrack info in dst. */ static inline void __nf_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src, bool copy) { #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) dst->_nfct = src->_nfct; nf_conntrack_get(skb_nfct(src)); #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) if (copy) dst->nf_trace = src->nf_trace; #endif } static inline void nf_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src) { #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) nf_conntrack_put(skb_nfct(dst)); #endif __nf_copy(dst, src, true); } #ifdef CONFIG_NETWORK_SECMARK static inline void skb_copy_secmark(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { to->secmark = from->secmark; } static inline void skb_init_secmark(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->secmark = 0; } #else static inline void skb_copy_secmark(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { } static inline void skb_init_secmark(struct sk_buff *skb) { } #endif static inline int secpath_exists(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM return skb_ext_exist(skb, SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH); #else return 0; #endif } static inline bool skb_irq_freeable(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb->destructor && !secpath_exists(skb) && !skb_nfct(skb) && !skb->_skb_refdst && !skb_has_frag_list(skb); } static inline void skb_set_queue_mapping(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 queue_mapping) { skb->queue_mapping = queue_mapping; } static inline u16 skb_get_queue_mapping(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->queue_mapping; } static inline void skb_copy_queue_mapping(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { to->queue_mapping = from->queue_mapping; } static inline void skb_record_rx_queue(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 rx_queue) { skb->queue_mapping = rx_queue + 1; } static inline u16 skb_get_rx_queue(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->queue_mapping - 1; } static inline bool skb_rx_queue_recorded(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->queue_mapping != 0; } static inline void skb_set_dst_pending_confirm(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 val) { skb->dst_pending_confirm = val; } static inline bool skb_get_dst_pending_confirm(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->dst_pending_confirm != 0; } static inline struct sec_path *skb_sec_path(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM return skb_ext_find(skb, SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH); #else return NULL; #endif } /* Keeps track of mac header offset relative to skb->head. * It is useful for TSO of Tunneling protocol. e.g. GRE. * For non-tunnel skb it points to skb_mac_header() and for * tunnel skb it points to outer mac header. * Keeps track of level of encapsulation of network headers. */ struct skb_gso_cb { union { int mac_offset; int data_offset; }; int encap_level; __wsum csum; __u16 csum_start; }; #define SKB_GSO_CB_OFFSET 32 #define SKB_GSO_CB(skb) ((struct skb_gso_cb *)((skb)->cb + SKB_GSO_CB_OFFSET)) static inline int skb_tnl_header_len(const struct sk_buff *inner_skb) { return (skb_mac_header(inner_skb) - inner_skb->head) - SKB_GSO_CB(inner_skb)->mac_offset; } static inline int gso_pskb_expand_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int extra) { int new_headroom, headroom; int ret; headroom = skb_headroom(skb); ret = pskb_expand_head(skb, extra, 0, GFP_ATOMIC); if (ret) return ret; new_headroom = skb_headroom(skb); SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->mac_offset += (new_headroom - headroom); return 0; } static inline void gso_reset_checksum(struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum res) { /* Do not update partial checksums if remote checksum is enabled. */ if (skb->remcsum_offload) return; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum = res; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start = skb_checksum_start(skb) - skb->head; } /* Compute the checksum for a gso segment. First compute the checksum value * from the start of transport header to SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start, and * then add in skb->csum (checksum from csum_start to end of packet). * skb->csum and csum_start are then updated to reflect the checksum of the * resultant packet starting from the transport header-- the resultant checksum * is in the res argument (i.e. normally zero or ~ of checksum of a pseudo * header. */ static inline __sum16 gso_make_checksum(struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum res) { unsigned char *csum_start = skb_transport_header(skb); int plen = (skb->head + SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start) - csum_start; __wsum partial = SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum = res; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start = csum_start - skb->head; return csum_fold(csum_partial(csum_start, plen, partial)); } static inline bool skb_is_gso(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size; } /* Note: Should be called only if skb_is_gso(skb) is true */ static inline bool skb_is_gso_v6(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_TCPV6; } /* Note: Should be called only if skb_is_gso(skb) is true */ static inline bool skb_is_gso_sctp(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_SCTP; } /* Note: Should be called only if skb_is_gso(skb) is true */ static inline bool skb_is_gso_tcp(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & (SKB_GSO_TCPV4 | SKB_GSO_TCPV6); } static inline void skb_gso_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size = 0; skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs = 0; skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type = 0; } static inline void skb_increase_gso_size(struct skb_shared_info *shinfo, u16 increment) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(shinfo->gso_size == GSO_BY_FRAGS)) return; shinfo->gso_size += increment; } static inline void skb_decrease_gso_size(struct skb_shared_info *shinfo, u16 decrement) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(shinfo->gso_size == GSO_BY_FRAGS)) return; shinfo->gso_size -= decrement; } void __skb_warn_lro_forwarding(const struct sk_buff *skb); static inline bool skb_warn_if_lro(const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* LRO sets gso_size but not gso_type, whereas if GSO is really * wanted then gso_type will be set. */ const struct skb_shared_info *shinfo = skb_shinfo(skb); if (skb_is_nonlinear(skb) && shinfo->gso_size != 0 && unlikely(shinfo->gso_type == 0)) { __skb_warn_lro_forwarding(skb); return true; } return false; } static inline void skb_forward_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { /* Unfortunately we don't support this one. Any brave souls? */ if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; } /** * skb_checksum_none_assert - make sure skb ip_summed is CHECKSUM_NONE * @skb: skb to check * * fresh skbs have their ip_summed set to CHECKSUM_NONE. * Instead of forcing ip_summed to CHECKSUM_NONE, we can * use this helper, to document places where we make this assertion. */ static inline void skb_checksum_none_assert(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef DEBUG BUG_ON(skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_NONE); #endif } bool skb_partial_csum_set(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 start, u16 off); int skb_checksum_setup(struct sk_buff *skb, bool recalculate); struct sk_buff *skb_checksum_trimmed(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int transport_len, __sum16(*skb_chkf)(struct sk_buff *skb)); /** * skb_head_is_locked - Determine if the skb->head is locked down * @skb: skb to check * * The head on skbs build around a head frag can be removed if they are * not cloned. This function returns true if the skb head is locked down * due to either being allocated via kmalloc, or by being a clone with * multiple references to the head. */ static inline bool skb_head_is_locked(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb->head_frag || skb_cloned(skb); } /* Local Checksum Offload. * Compute outer checksum based on the assumption that the * inner checksum will be offloaded later. * See Documentation/networking/checksum-offloads.rst for * explanation of how this works. * Fill in outer checksum adjustment (e.g. with sum of outer * pseudo-header) before calling. * Also ensure that inner checksum is in linear data area. */ static inline __wsum lco_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { unsigned char *csum_start = skb_checksum_start(skb); unsigned char *l4_hdr = skb_transport_header(skb); __wsum partial; /* Start with complement of inner checksum adjustment */ partial = ~csum_unfold(*(__force __sum16 *)(csum_start + skb->csum_offset)); /* Add in checksum of our headers (incl. outer checksum * adjustment filled in by caller) and return result. */ return csum_partial(l4_hdr, csum_start - l4_hdr, partial); } static inline bool skb_is_redirected(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT return skb->redirected; #else return false; #endif } static inline void skb_set_redirected(struct sk_buff *skb, bool from_ingress) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT skb->redirected = 1; skb->from_ingress = from_ingress; if (skb->from_ingress) skb->tstamp = 0; #endif } static inline void skb_reset_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT skb->redirected = 0; #endif } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KCOV) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS) static inline void skb_set_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb, const u64 kcov_handle) { /* Do not allocate skb extensions only to set kcov_handle to zero * (as it is zero by default). However, if the extensions are * already allocated, update kcov_handle anyway since * skb_set_kcov_handle can be called to zero a previously set * value. */ if (skb_has_extensions(skb) || kcov_handle) { u64 *kcov_handle_ptr = skb_ext_add(skb, SKB_EXT_KCOV_HANDLE); if (kcov_handle_ptr) *kcov_handle_ptr = kcov_handle; } } static inline u64 skb_get_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb) { u64 *kcov_handle = skb_ext_find(skb, SKB_EXT_KCOV_HANDLE); return kcov_handle ? *kcov_handle : 0; } #else static inline void skb_set_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb, const u64 kcov_handle) { } static inline u64 skb_get_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_KCOV && CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS */ #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_SKBUFF_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_PGTABLE_INVERT_H #define _ASM_PGTABLE_INVERT_H 1 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* * A clear pte value is special, and doesn't get inverted. * * Note that even users that only pass a pgprot_t (rather * than a full pte) won't trigger the special zero case, * because even PAGE_NONE has _PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_ACCESSED * set. So the all zero case really is limited to just the * cleared page table entry case. */ static inline bool __pte_needs_invert(u64 val) { return val && !(val & _PAGE_PRESENT); } /* Get a mask to xor with the page table entry to get the correct pfn. */ static inline u64 protnone_mask(u64 val) { return __pte_needs_invert(val) ? ~0ull : 0; } static inline u64 flip_protnone_guard(u64 oldval, u64 val, u64 mask) { /* * When a PTE transitions from NONE to !NONE or vice-versa * invert the PFN part to stop speculation. * pte_pfn undoes this when needed. */ if (__pte_needs_invert(oldval) != __pte_needs_invert(val)) val = (val & ~mask) | (~val & mask); return val; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _SOCK_REUSEPORT_H #define _SOCK_REUSEPORT_H #include <linux/filter.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <net/sock.h> extern spinlock_t reuseport_lock; struct sock_reuseport { struct rcu_head rcu; u16 max_socks; /* length of socks */ u16 num_socks; /* elements in socks */ /* The last synq overflow event timestamp of this * reuse->socks[] group. */ unsigned int synq_overflow_ts; /* ID stays the same even after the size of socks[] grows. */ unsigned int reuseport_id; unsigned int bind_inany:1; unsigned int has_conns:1; struct bpf_prog __rcu *prog; /* optional BPF sock selector */ struct sock *socks[]; /* array of sock pointers */ }; extern int reuseport_alloc(struct sock *sk, bool bind_inany); extern int reuseport_add_sock(struct sock *sk, struct sock *sk2, bool bind_inany); extern void reuseport_detach_sock(struct sock *sk); extern struct sock *reuseport_select_sock(struct sock *sk, u32 hash, struct sk_buff *skb, int hdr_len); extern int reuseport_attach_prog(struct sock *sk, struct bpf_prog *prog); extern int reuseport_detach_prog(struct sock *sk); static inline bool reuseport_has_conns(struct sock *sk, bool set) { struct sock_reuseport *reuse; bool ret = false; rcu_read_lock(); reuse = rcu_dereference(sk->sk_reuseport_cb); if (reuse) { if (set) reuse->has_conns = 1; ret = reuse->has_conns; } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } #endif /* _SOCK_REUSEPORT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NDISC_H #define _NDISC_H #include <net/ipv6_stubs.h> /* * ICMP codes for neighbour discovery messages */ #define NDISC_ROUTER_SOLICITATION 133 #define NDISC_ROUTER_ADVERTISEMENT 134 #define NDISC_NEIGHBOUR_SOLICITATION 135 #define NDISC_NEIGHBOUR_ADVERTISEMENT 136 #define NDISC_REDIRECT 137 /* * Router type: cross-layer information from link-layer to * IPv6 layer reported by certain link types (e.g., RFC4214). */ #define NDISC_NODETYPE_UNSPEC 0 /* unspecified (default) */ #define NDISC_NODETYPE_HOST 1 /* host or unauthorized router */ #define NDISC_NODETYPE_NODEFAULT 2 /* non-default router */ #define NDISC_NODETYPE_DEFAULT 3 /* default router */ /* * ndisc options */ enum { __ND_OPT_PREFIX_INFO_END = 0, ND_OPT_SOURCE_LL_ADDR = 1, /* RFC2461 */ ND_OPT_TARGET_LL_ADDR = 2, /* RFC2461 */ ND_OPT_PREFIX_INFO = 3, /* RFC2461 */ ND_OPT_REDIRECT_HDR = 4, /* RFC2461 */ ND_OPT_MTU = 5, /* RFC2461 */ ND_OPT_NONCE = 14, /* RFC7527 */ __ND_OPT_ARRAY_MAX, ND_OPT_ROUTE_INFO = 24, /* RFC4191 */ ND_OPT_RDNSS = 25, /* RFC5006 */ ND_OPT_DNSSL = 31, /* RFC6106 */ ND_OPT_6CO = 34, /* RFC6775 */ ND_OPT_CAPTIVE_PORTAL = 37, /* RFC7710 */ ND_OPT_PREF64 = 38, /* RFC8781 */ __ND_OPT_MAX }; #define MAX_RTR_SOLICITATION_DELAY HZ #define ND_REACHABLE_TIME (30*HZ) #define ND_RETRANS_TIMER HZ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/icmpv6.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/if_arp.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <net/neighbour.h> /* Set to 3 to get tracing... */ #define ND_DEBUG 1 #define ND_PRINTK(val, level, fmt, ...) \ do { \ if (val <= ND_DEBUG) \ net_##level##_ratelimited(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ } while (0) struct ctl_table; struct inet6_dev; struct net_device; struct net_proto_family; struct sk_buff; struct prefix_info; extern struct neigh_table nd_tbl; struct nd_msg { struct icmp6hdr icmph; struct in6_addr target; __u8 opt[]; }; struct rs_msg { struct icmp6hdr icmph; __u8 opt[]; }; struct ra_msg { struct icmp6hdr icmph; __be32 reachable_time; __be32 retrans_timer; }; struct rd_msg { struct icmp6hdr icmph; struct in6_addr target; struct in6_addr dest; __u8 opt[]; }; struct nd_opt_hdr { __u8 nd_opt_type; __u8 nd_opt_len; } __packed; /* ND options */ struct ndisc_options { struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opt_array[__ND_OPT_ARRAY_MAX]; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_ROUTE_INFO struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opts_ri; struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opts_ri_end; #endif struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_useropts; struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_useropts_end; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IEEE802154_6LOWPAN) struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_802154_opt_array[ND_OPT_TARGET_LL_ADDR + 1]; #endif }; #define nd_opts_src_lladdr nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_SOURCE_LL_ADDR] #define nd_opts_tgt_lladdr nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_TARGET_LL_ADDR] #define nd_opts_pi nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_PREFIX_INFO] #define nd_opts_pi_end nd_opt_array[__ND_OPT_PREFIX_INFO_END] #define nd_opts_rh nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_REDIRECT_HDR] #define nd_opts_mtu nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_MTU] #define nd_opts_nonce nd_opt_array[ND_OPT_NONCE] #define nd_802154_opts_src_lladdr nd_802154_opt_array[ND_OPT_SOURCE_LL_ADDR] #define nd_802154_opts_tgt_lladdr nd_802154_opt_array[ND_OPT_TARGET_LL_ADDR] #define NDISC_OPT_SPACE(len) (((len)+2+7)&~7) struct ndisc_options *ndisc_parse_options(const struct net_device *dev, u8 *opt, int opt_len, struct ndisc_options *ndopts); void __ndisc_fill_addr_option(struct sk_buff *skb, int type, void *data, int data_len, int pad); #define NDISC_OPS_REDIRECT_DATA_SPACE 2 /* * This structure defines the hooks for IPv6 neighbour discovery. * The following hooks can be defined; unless noted otherwise, they are * optional and can be filled with a null pointer. * * int (*is_useropt)(u8 nd_opt_type): * This function is called when IPv6 decide RA userspace options. if * this function returns 1 then the option given by nd_opt_type will * be handled as userspace option additional to the IPv6 options. * * int (*parse_options)(const struct net_device *dev, * struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opt, * struct ndisc_options *ndopts): * This function is called while parsing ndisc ops and put each position * as pointer into ndopts. If this function return unequal 0, then this * function took care about the ndisc option, if 0 then the IPv6 ndisc * option parser will take care about that option. * * void (*update)(const struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *n, * u32 flags, u8 icmp6_type, * const struct ndisc_options *ndopts): * This function is called when IPv6 ndisc updates the neighbour cache * entry. Additional options which can be updated may be previously * parsed by parse_opts callback and accessible over ndopts parameter. * * int (*opt_addr_space)(const struct net_device *dev, u8 icmp6_type, * struct neighbour *neigh, u8 *ha_buf, * u8 **ha): * This function is called when the necessary option space will be * calculated before allocating a skb. The parameters neigh, ha_buf * abd ha are available on NDISC_REDIRECT messages only. * * void (*fill_addr_option)(const struct net_device *dev, * struct sk_buff *skb, u8 icmp6_type, * const u8 *ha): * This function is called when the skb will finally fill the option * fields inside skb. NOTE: this callback should fill the option * fields to the skb which are previously indicated by opt_space * parameter. That means the decision to add such option should * not lost between these two callbacks, e.g. protected by interface * up state. * * void (*prefix_rcv_add_addr)(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, * const struct prefix_info *pinfo, * struct inet6_dev *in6_dev, * struct in6_addr *addr, * int addr_type, u32 addr_flags, * bool sllao, bool tokenized, * __u32 valid_lft, u32 prefered_lft, * bool dev_addr_generated): * This function is called when a RA messages is received with valid * PIO option fields and an IPv6 address will be added to the interface * for autoconfiguration. The parameter dev_addr_generated reports about * if the address was based on dev->dev_addr or not. This can be used * to add a second address if link-layer operates with two link layer * addresses. E.g. 802.15.4 6LoWPAN. */ struct ndisc_ops { int (*is_useropt)(u8 nd_opt_type); int (*parse_options)(const struct net_device *dev, struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opt, struct ndisc_options *ndopts); void (*update)(const struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *n, u32 flags, u8 icmp6_type, const struct ndisc_options *ndopts); int (*opt_addr_space)(const struct net_device *dev, u8 icmp6_type, struct neighbour *neigh, u8 *ha_buf, u8 **ha); void (*fill_addr_option)(const struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb, u8 icmp6_type, const u8 *ha); void (*prefix_rcv_add_addr)(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, const struct prefix_info *pinfo, struct inet6_dev *in6_dev, struct in6_addr *addr, int addr_type, u32 addr_flags, bool sllao, bool tokenized, __u32 valid_lft, u32 prefered_lft, bool dev_addr_generated); }; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline int ndisc_ops_is_useropt(const struct net_device *dev, u8 nd_opt_type) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->is_useropt) return dev->ndisc_ops->is_useropt(nd_opt_type); else return 0; } static inline int ndisc_ops_parse_options(const struct net_device *dev, struct nd_opt_hdr *nd_opt, struct ndisc_options *ndopts) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->parse_options) return dev->ndisc_ops->parse_options(dev, nd_opt, ndopts); else return 0; } static inline void ndisc_ops_update(const struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *n, u32 flags, u8 icmp6_type, const struct ndisc_options *ndopts) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->update) dev->ndisc_ops->update(dev, n, flags, icmp6_type, ndopts); } static inline int ndisc_ops_opt_addr_space(const struct net_device *dev, u8 icmp6_type) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->opt_addr_space && icmp6_type != NDISC_REDIRECT) return dev->ndisc_ops->opt_addr_space(dev, icmp6_type, NULL, NULL, NULL); else return 0; } static inline int ndisc_ops_redirect_opt_addr_space(const struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *neigh, u8 *ha_buf, u8 **ha) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->opt_addr_space) return dev->ndisc_ops->opt_addr_space(dev, NDISC_REDIRECT, neigh, ha_buf, ha); else return 0; } static inline void ndisc_ops_fill_addr_option(const struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb, u8 icmp6_type) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->fill_addr_option && icmp6_type != NDISC_REDIRECT) dev->ndisc_ops->fill_addr_option(dev, skb, icmp6_type, NULL); } static inline void ndisc_ops_fill_redirect_addr_option(const struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb, const u8 *ha) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->fill_addr_option) dev->ndisc_ops->fill_addr_option(dev, skb, NDISC_REDIRECT, ha); } static inline void ndisc_ops_prefix_rcv_add_addr(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev, const struct prefix_info *pinfo, struct inet6_dev *in6_dev, struct in6_addr *addr, int addr_type, u32 addr_flags, bool sllao, bool tokenized, __u32 valid_lft, u32 prefered_lft, bool dev_addr_generated) { if (dev->ndisc_ops && dev->ndisc_ops->prefix_rcv_add_addr) dev->ndisc_ops->prefix_rcv_add_addr(net, dev, pinfo, in6_dev, addr, addr_type, addr_flags, sllao, tokenized, valid_lft, prefered_lft, dev_addr_generated); } #endif /* * Return the padding between the option length and the start of the * link addr. Currently only IP-over-InfiniBand needs this, although * if RFC 3831 IPv6-over-Fibre Channel is ever implemented it may * also need a pad of 2. */ static inline int ndisc_addr_option_pad(unsigned short type) { switch (type) { case ARPHRD_INFINIBAND: return 2; default: return 0; } } static inline int __ndisc_opt_addr_space(unsigned char addr_len, int pad) { return NDISC_OPT_SPACE(addr_len + pad); } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline int ndisc_opt_addr_space(struct net_device *dev, u8 icmp6_type) { return __ndisc_opt_addr_space(dev->addr_len, ndisc_addr_option_pad(dev->type)) + ndisc_ops_opt_addr_space(dev, icmp6_type); } static inline int ndisc_redirect_opt_addr_space(struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *neigh, u8 *ops_data_buf, u8 **ops_data) { return __ndisc_opt_addr_space(dev->addr_len, ndisc_addr_option_pad(dev->type)) + ndisc_ops_redirect_opt_addr_space(dev, neigh, ops_data_buf, ops_data); } #endif static inline u8 *__ndisc_opt_addr_data(struct nd_opt_hdr *p, unsigned char addr_len, int prepad) { u8 *lladdr = (u8 *)(p + 1); int lladdrlen = p->nd_opt_len << 3; if (lladdrlen != __ndisc_opt_addr_space(addr_len, prepad)) return NULL; return lladdr + prepad; } static inline u8 *ndisc_opt_addr_data(struct nd_opt_hdr *p, struct net_device *dev) { return __ndisc_opt_addr_data(p, dev->addr_len, ndisc_addr_option_pad(dev->type)); } static inline u32 ndisc_hashfn(const void *pkey, const struct net_device *dev, __u32 *hash_rnd) { const u32 *p32 = pkey; return (((p32[0] ^ hash32_ptr(dev)) * hash_rnd[0]) + (p32[1] * hash_rnd[1]) + (p32[2] * hash_rnd[2]) + (p32[3] * hash_rnd[3])); } static inline struct neighbour *__ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref(struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey) { return ___neigh_lookup_noref(&nd_tbl, neigh_key_eq128, ndisc_hashfn, pkey, dev); } static inline struct neighbour *__ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref_stub(struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey) { return ___neigh_lookup_noref(ipv6_stub->nd_tbl, neigh_key_eq128, ndisc_hashfn, pkey, dev); } static inline struct neighbour *__ipv6_neigh_lookup(struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey) { struct neighbour *n; rcu_read_lock_bh(); n = __ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref(dev, pkey); if (n && !refcount_inc_not_zero(&n->refcnt)) n = NULL; rcu_read_unlock_bh(); return n; } static inline void __ipv6_confirm_neigh(struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey) { struct neighbour *n; rcu_read_lock_bh(); n = __ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref(dev, pkey); if (n) { unsigned long now = jiffies; /* avoid dirtying neighbour */ if (READ_ONCE(n->confirmed) != now) WRITE_ONCE(n->confirmed, now); } rcu_read_unlock_bh(); } static inline void __ipv6_confirm_neigh_stub(struct net_device *dev, const void *pkey) { struct neighbour *n; rcu_read_lock_bh(); n = __ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref_stub(dev, pkey); if (n) { unsigned long now = jiffies; /* avoid dirtying neighbour */ if (READ_ONCE(n->confirmed) != now) WRITE_ONCE(n->confirmed, now); } rcu_read_unlock_bh(); } /* uses ipv6_stub and is meant for use outside of IPv6 core */ static inline struct neighbour *ip_neigh_gw6(struct net_device *dev, const void *addr) { struct neighbour *neigh; neigh = __ipv6_neigh_lookup_noref_stub(dev, addr); if (unlikely(!neigh)) neigh = __neigh_create(ipv6_stub->nd_tbl, addr, dev, false); return neigh; } int ndisc_init(void); int ndisc_late_init(void); void ndisc_late_cleanup(void); void ndisc_cleanup(void); int ndisc_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); void ndisc_send_ns(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *solicit, const struct in6_addr *daddr, const struct in6_addr *saddr, u64 nonce); void ndisc_send_rs(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *saddr, const struct in6_addr *daddr); void ndisc_send_na(struct net_device *dev, const struct in6_addr *daddr, const struct in6_addr *solicited_addr, bool router, bool solicited, bool override, bool inc_opt); void ndisc_send_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct in6_addr *target); int ndisc_mc_map(const struct in6_addr *addr, char *buf, struct net_device *dev, int dir); void ndisc_update(const struct net_device *dev, struct neighbour *neigh, const u8 *lladdr, u8 new, u32 flags, u8 icmp6_type, struct ndisc_options *ndopts); /* * IGMP */ int igmp6_init(void); int igmp6_late_init(void); void igmp6_cleanup(void); void igmp6_late_cleanup(void); int igmp6_event_query(struct sk_buff *skb); int igmp6_event_report(struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL int ndisc_ifinfo_sysctl_change(struct ctl_table *ctl, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int ndisc_ifinfo_sysctl_strategy(struct ctl_table *ctl, void __user *oldval, size_t __user *oldlenp, void __user *newval, size_t newlen); #endif void inet6_ifinfo_notify(int event, struct inet6_dev *idev); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * An interface between IEEE802.15.4 device and rest of the kernel. * * Copyright (C) 2007-2012 Siemens AG * * Written by: * Pavel Smolenskiy <pavel.smolenskiy@gmail.com> * Maxim Gorbachyov <maxim.gorbachev@siemens.com> * Maxim Osipov <maxim.osipov@siemens.com> * Dmitry Eremin-Solenikov <dbaryshkov@gmail.com> * Alexander Smirnov <alex.bluesman.smirnov@gmail.com> */ #ifndef IEEE802154_NETDEVICE_H #define IEEE802154_NETDEVICE_H #include <net/af_ieee802154.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/ieee802154.h> #include <net/cfg802154.h> struct ieee802154_sechdr { #if defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) u8 level:3, key_id_mode:2, reserved:3; #elif defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) u8 reserved:3, key_id_mode:2, level:3; #else #error "Please fix <asm/byteorder.h>" #endif u8 key_id; __le32 frame_counter; union { __le32 short_src; __le64 extended_src; }; }; struct ieee802154_hdr_fc { #if defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) u16 type:3, security_enabled:1, frame_pending:1, ack_request:1, intra_pan:1, reserved:3, dest_addr_mode:2, version:2, source_addr_mode:2; #elif defined(__BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD) u16 reserved:1, intra_pan:1, ack_request:1, frame_pending:1, security_enabled:1, type:3, source_addr_mode:2, version:2, dest_addr_mode:2, reserved2:2; #else #error "Please fix <asm/byteorder.h>" #endif }; struct ieee802154_hdr { struct ieee802154_hdr_fc fc; u8 seq; struct ieee802154_addr source; struct ieee802154_addr dest; struct ieee802154_sechdr sec; }; /* pushes hdr onto the skb. fields of hdr->fc that can be calculated from * the contents of hdr will be, and the actual value of those bits in * hdr->fc will be ignored. this includes the INTRA_PAN bit and the frame * version, if SECEN is set. */ int ieee802154_hdr_push(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); /* pulls the entire 802.15.4 header off of the skb, including the security * header, and performs pan id decompression */ int ieee802154_hdr_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); /* parses the frame control, sequence number of address fields in a given skb * and stores them into hdr, performing pan id decompression and length checks * to be suitable for use in header_ops.parse */ int ieee802154_hdr_peek_addrs(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); /* parses the full 802.15.4 header a given skb and stores them into hdr, * performing pan id decompression and length checks to be suitable for use in * header_ops.parse */ int ieee802154_hdr_peek(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); int ieee802154_max_payload(const struct ieee802154_hdr *hdr); static inline int ieee802154_sechdr_authtag_len(const struct ieee802154_sechdr *sec) { switch (sec->level) { case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC32: case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC32: return 4; case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC64: case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC64: return 8; case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_MIC128: case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC_MIC128: return 16; case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_NONE: case IEEE802154_SCF_SECLEVEL_ENC: default: return 0; } } static inline int ieee802154_hdr_length(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct ieee802154_hdr hdr; int len = ieee802154_hdr_pull(skb, &hdr); if (len > 0) skb_push(skb, len); return len; } static inline bool ieee802154_addr_equal(const struct ieee802154_addr *a1, const struct ieee802154_addr *a2) { if (a1->pan_id != a2->pan_id || a1->mode != a2->mode) return false; if ((a1->mode == IEEE802154_ADDR_LONG && a1->extended_addr != a2->extended_addr) || (a1->mode == IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT && a1->short_addr != a2->short_addr)) return false; return true; } static inline __le64 ieee802154_devaddr_from_raw(const void *raw) { u64 temp; memcpy(&temp, raw, IEEE802154_ADDR_LEN); return (__force __le64)swab64(temp); } static inline void ieee802154_devaddr_to_raw(void *raw, __le64 addr) { u64 temp = swab64((__force u64)addr); memcpy(raw, &temp, IEEE802154_ADDR_LEN); } static inline void ieee802154_addr_from_sa(struct ieee802154_addr *a, const struct ieee802154_addr_sa *sa) { a->mode = sa->addr_type; a->pan_id = cpu_to_le16(sa->pan_id); switch (a->mode) { case IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT: a->short_addr = cpu_to_le16(sa->short_addr); break; case IEEE802154_ADDR_LONG: a->extended_addr = ieee802154_devaddr_from_raw(sa->hwaddr); break; } } static inline void ieee802154_addr_to_sa(struct ieee802154_addr_sa *sa, const struct ieee802154_addr *a) { sa->addr_type = a->mode; sa->pan_id = le16_to_cpu(a->pan_id); switch (a->mode) { case IEEE802154_ADDR_SHORT: sa->short_addr = le16_to_cpu(a->short_addr); break; case IEEE802154_ADDR_LONG: ieee802154_devaddr_to_raw(sa->hwaddr, a->extended_addr); break; } } /* * A control block of skb passed between the ARPHRD_IEEE802154 device * and other stack parts. */ struct ieee802154_mac_cb { u8 lqi; u8 type; bool ackreq; bool secen; bool secen_override; u8 seclevel; bool seclevel_override; struct ieee802154_addr source; struct ieee802154_addr dest; }; static inline struct ieee802154_mac_cb *mac_cb(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct ieee802154_mac_cb *)skb->cb; } static inline struct ieee802154_mac_cb *mac_cb_init(struct sk_buff *skb) { BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct ieee802154_mac_cb) > sizeof(skb->cb)); memset(skb->cb, 0, sizeof(struct ieee802154_mac_cb)); return mac_cb(skb); } enum { IEEE802154_LLSEC_DEVKEY_IGNORE, IEEE802154_LLSEC_DEVKEY_RESTRICT, IEEE802154_LLSEC_DEVKEY_RECORD, __IEEE802154_LLSEC_DEVKEY_MAX, }; #define IEEE802154_MAC_SCAN_ED 0 #define IEEE802154_MAC_SCAN_ACTIVE 1 #define IEEE802154_MAC_SCAN_PASSIVE 2 #define IEEE802154_MAC_SCAN_ORPHAN 3 struct ieee802154_mac_params { s8 transmit_power; u8 min_be; u8 max_be; u8 csma_retries; s8 frame_retries; bool lbt; struct wpan_phy_cca cca; s32 cca_ed_level; }; struct wpan_phy; enum { IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_ENABLED = BIT(0), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_FRAME_COUNTER = BIT(1), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_OUT_LEVEL = BIT(2), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_OUT_KEY = BIT(3), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_KEY_SOURCE = BIT(4), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_PAN_ID = BIT(5), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_HWADDR = BIT(6), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_COORD_HWADDR = BIT(7), IEEE802154_LLSEC_PARAM_COORD_SHORTADDR = BIT(8), }; struct ieee802154_llsec_ops { int (*get_params)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_llsec_params *params); int (*set_params)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_params *params, int changed); int (*add_key)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id *id, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key *key); int (*del_key)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_key_id *id); int (*add_dev)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device *llsec_dev); int (*del_dev)(struct net_device *dev, __le64 dev_addr); int (*add_devkey)(struct net_device *dev, __le64 device_addr, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device_key *key); int (*del_devkey)(struct net_device *dev, __le64 device_addr, const struct ieee802154_llsec_device_key *key); int (*add_seclevel)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_seclevel *sl); int (*del_seclevel)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_llsec_seclevel *sl); void (*lock_table)(struct net_device *dev); void (*get_table)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_llsec_table **t); void (*unlock_table)(struct net_device *dev); }; /* * This should be located at net_device->ml_priv * * get_phy should increment the reference counting on returned phy. * Use wpan_wpy_put to put that reference. */ struct ieee802154_mlme_ops { /* The following fields are optional (can be NULL). */ int (*assoc_req)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_addr *addr, u8 channel, u8 page, u8 cap); int (*assoc_resp)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_addr *addr, __le16 short_addr, u8 status); int (*disassoc_req)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_addr *addr, u8 reason); int (*start_req)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_addr *addr, u8 channel, u8 page, u8 bcn_ord, u8 sf_ord, u8 pan_coord, u8 blx, u8 coord_realign); int (*scan_req)(struct net_device *dev, u8 type, u32 channels, u8 page, u8 duration); int (*set_mac_params)(struct net_device *dev, const struct ieee802154_mac_params *params); void (*get_mac_params)(struct net_device *dev, struct ieee802154_mac_params *params); const struct ieee802154_llsec_ops *llsec; }; static inline struct ieee802154_mlme_ops * ieee802154_mlme_ops(const struct net_device *dev) { return dev->ml_priv; } #endif
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3214 3215 3216 3217 3218 3219 3220 3221 3222 3223 3224 3225 3226 3227 3228 3229 3230 3231 3232 3233 3234 3235 3236 3237 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * fs/dcache.c * * Complete reimplementation * (C) 1997 Thomas Schoebel-Theuer, * with heavy changes by Linus Torvalds */ /* * Notes on the allocation strategy: * * The dcache is a master of the icache - whenever a dcache entry * exists, the inode will always exist. "iput()" is done either when * the dcache entry is deleted or garbage collected. */ #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/fscrypt.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/rculist_bl.h> #include <linux/list_lru.h> #include "internal.h" #include "mount.h" /* * Usage: * dcache->d_inode->i_lock protects: * - i_dentry, d_u.d_alias, d_inode of aliases * dcache_hash_bucket lock protects: * - the dcache hash table * s_roots bl list spinlock protects: * - the s_roots list (see __d_drop) * dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru_lock protects: * - the dcache lru lists and counters * d_lock protects: * - d_flags * - d_name * - d_lru * - d_count * - d_unhashed() * - d_parent and d_subdirs * - childrens' d_child and d_parent * - d_u.d_alias, d_inode * * Ordering: * dentry->d_inode->i_lock * dentry->d_lock * dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru_lock * dcache_hash_bucket lock * s_roots lock * * If there is an ancestor relationship: * dentry->d_parent->...->d_parent->d_lock * ... * dentry->d_parent->d_lock * dentry->d_lock * * If no ancestor relationship: * arbitrary, since it's serialized on rename_lock */ int sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure __read_mostly = 100; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure); __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SEQLOCK(rename_lock); EXPORT_SYMBOL(rename_lock); static struct kmem_cache *dentry_cache __read_mostly; const struct qstr empty_name = QSTR_INIT("", 0); EXPORT_SYMBOL(empty_name); const struct qstr slash_name = QSTR_INIT("/", 1); EXPORT_SYMBOL(slash_name); /* * This is the single most critical data structure when it comes * to the dcache: the hashtable for lookups. Somebody should try * to make this good - I've just made it work. * * This hash-function tries to avoid losing too many bits of hash * information, yet avoid using a prime hash-size or similar. */ static unsigned int d_hash_shift __read_mostly; static struct hlist_bl_head *dentry_hashtable __read_mostly; static inline struct hlist_bl_head *d_hash(unsigned int hash) { return dentry_hashtable + (hash >> d_hash_shift); } #define IN_LOOKUP_SHIFT 10 static struct hlist_bl_head in_lookup_hashtable[1 << IN_LOOKUP_SHIFT]; static inline struct hlist_bl_head *in_lookup_hash(const struct dentry *parent, unsigned int hash) { hash += (unsigned long) parent / L1_CACHE_BYTES; return in_lookup_hashtable + hash_32(hash, IN_LOOKUP_SHIFT); } /* Statistics gathering. */ struct dentry_stat_t dentry_stat = { .age_limit = 45, }; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long, nr_dentry); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long, nr_dentry_unused); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long, nr_dentry_negative); #if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) /* * Here we resort to our own counters instead of using generic per-cpu counters * for consistency with what the vfs inode code does. We are expected to harvest * better code and performance by having our own specialized counters. * * Please note that the loop is done over all possible CPUs, not over all online * CPUs. The reason for this is that we don't want to play games with CPUs going * on and off. If one of them goes off, we will just keep their counters. * * glommer: See cffbc8a for details, and if you ever intend to change this, * please update all vfs counters to match. */ static long get_nr_dentry(void) { int i; long sum = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(i) sum += per_cpu(nr_dentry, i); return sum < 0 ? 0 : sum; } static long get_nr_dentry_unused(void) { int i; long sum = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(i) sum += per_cpu(nr_dentry_unused, i); return sum < 0 ? 0 : sum; } static long get_nr_dentry_negative(void) { int i; long sum = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(i) sum += per_cpu(nr_dentry_negative, i); return sum < 0 ? 0 : sum; } int proc_nr_dentry(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { dentry_stat.nr_dentry = get_nr_dentry(); dentry_stat.nr_unused = get_nr_dentry_unused(); dentry_stat.nr_negative = get_nr_dentry_negative(); return proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } #endif /* * Compare 2 name strings, return 0 if they match, otherwise non-zero. * The strings are both count bytes long, and count is non-zero. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS #include <asm/word-at-a-time.h> /* * NOTE! 'cs' and 'scount' come from a dentry, so it has a * aligned allocation for this particular component. We don't * strictly need the load_unaligned_zeropad() safety, but it * doesn't hurt either. * * In contrast, 'ct' and 'tcount' can be from a pathname, and do * need the careful unaligned handling. */ static inline int dentry_string_cmp(const unsigned char *cs, const unsigned char *ct, unsigned tcount) { unsigned long a,b,mask; for (;;) { a = read_word_at_a_time(cs); b = load_unaligned_zeropad(ct); if (tcount < sizeof(unsigned long)) break; if (unlikely(a != b)) return 1; cs += sizeof(unsigned long); ct += sizeof(unsigned long); tcount -= sizeof(unsigned long); if (!tcount) return 0; } mask = bytemask_from_count(tcount); return unlikely(!!((a ^ b) & mask)); } #else static inline int dentry_string_cmp(const unsigned char *cs, const unsigned char *ct, unsigned tcount) { do { if (*cs != *ct) return 1; cs++; ct++; tcount--; } while (tcount); return 0; } #endif static inline int dentry_cmp(const struct dentry *dentry, const unsigned char *ct, unsigned tcount) { /* * Be careful about RCU walk racing with rename: * use 'READ_ONCE' to fetch the name pointer. * * NOTE! Even if a rename will mean that the length * was not loaded atomically, we don't care. The * RCU walk will check the sequence count eventually, * and catch it. And we won't overrun the buffer, * because we're reading the name pointer atomically, * and a dentry name is guaranteed to be properly * terminated with a NUL byte. * * End result: even if 'len' is wrong, we'll exit * early because the data cannot match (there can * be no NUL in the ct/tcount data) */ const unsigned char *cs = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_name.name); return dentry_string_cmp(cs, ct, tcount); } struct external_name { union { atomic_t count; struct rcu_head head; } u; unsigned char name[]; }; static inline struct external_name *external_name(struct dentry *dentry) { return container_of(dentry->d_name.name, struct external_name, name[0]); } static void __d_free(struct rcu_head *head) { struct dentry *dentry = container_of(head, struct dentry, d_u.d_rcu); kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry); } static void __d_free_external(struct rcu_head *head) { struct dentry *dentry = container_of(head, struct dentry, d_u.d_rcu); kfree(external_name(dentry)); kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry); } static inline int dname_external(const struct dentry *dentry) { return dentry->d_name.name != dentry->d_iname; } void take_dentry_name_snapshot(struct name_snapshot *name, struct dentry *dentry) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); name->name = dentry->d_name; if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) { atomic_inc(&external_name(dentry)->u.count); } else { memcpy(name->inline_name, dentry->d_iname, dentry->d_name.len + 1); name->name.name = name->inline_name; } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(take_dentry_name_snapshot); void release_dentry_name_snapshot(struct name_snapshot *name) { if (unlikely(name->name.name != name->inline_name)) { struct external_name *p; p = container_of(name->name.name, struct external_name, name[0]); if (unlikely(atomic_dec_and_test(&p->u.count))) kfree_rcu(p, u.head); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(release_dentry_name_snapshot); static inline void __d_set_inode_and_type(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, unsigned type_flags) { unsigned flags; dentry->d_inode = inode; flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags); flags &= ~(DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE | DCACHE_FALLTHRU); flags |= type_flags; smp_store_release(&dentry->d_flags, flags); } static inline void __d_clear_type_and_inode(struct dentry *dentry) { unsigned flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags); flags &= ~(DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE | DCACHE_FALLTHRU); WRITE_ONCE(dentry->d_flags, flags); dentry->d_inode = NULL; if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_negative); } static void dentry_free(struct dentry *dentry) { WARN_ON(!hlist_unhashed(&dentry->d_u.d_alias)); if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) { struct external_name *p = external_name(dentry); if (likely(atomic_dec_and_test(&p->u.count))) { call_rcu(&dentry->d_u.d_rcu, __d_free_external); return; } } /* if dentry was never visible to RCU, immediate free is OK */ if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_NORCU) __d_free(&dentry->d_u.d_rcu); else call_rcu(&dentry->d_u.d_rcu, __d_free); } /* * Release the dentry's inode, using the filesystem * d_iput() operation if defined. */ static void dentry_unlink_inode(struct dentry * dentry) __releases(dentry->d_lock) __releases(dentry->d_inode->i_lock) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; raw_write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); __d_clear_type_and_inode(dentry); hlist_del_init(&dentry->d_u.d_alias); raw_write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); if (!inode->i_nlink) fsnotify_inoderemove(inode); if (dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_iput) dentry->d_op->d_iput(dentry, inode); else iput(inode); } /* * The DCACHE_LRU_LIST bit is set whenever the 'd_lru' entry * is in use - which includes both the "real" per-superblock * LRU list _and_ the DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST use. * * The DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST bit is set whenever the dentry is * on the shrink list (ie not on the superblock LRU list). * * The per-cpu "nr_dentry_unused" counters are updated with * the DCACHE_LRU_LIST bit. * * The per-cpu "nr_dentry_negative" counters are only updated * when deleted from or added to the per-superblock LRU list, not * from/to the shrink list. That is to avoid an unneeded dec/inc * pair when moving from LRU to shrink list in select_collect(). * * These helper functions make sure we always follow the * rules. d_lock must be held by the caller. */ #define D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry,x) WARN_ON_ONCE(((dentry)->d_flags & (DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST)) != (x)) static void d_lru_add(struct dentry *dentry) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, 0); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_LRU_LIST; this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_unused); if (d_is_negative(dentry)) this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_negative); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_lru_add(&dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru, &dentry->d_lru)); } static void d_lru_del(struct dentry *dentry) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, DCACHE_LRU_LIST); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_LRU_LIST; this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_unused); if (d_is_negative(dentry)) this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_lru_del(&dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru, &dentry->d_lru)); } static void d_shrink_del(struct dentry *dentry) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST | DCACHE_LRU_LIST); list_del_init(&dentry->d_lru); dentry->d_flags &= ~(DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST | DCACHE_LRU_LIST); this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_unused); } static void d_shrink_add(struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, 0); list_add(&dentry->d_lru, list); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST | DCACHE_LRU_LIST; this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_unused); } /* * These can only be called under the global LRU lock, ie during the * callback for freeing the LRU list. "isolate" removes it from the * LRU lists entirely, while shrink_move moves it to the indicated * private list. */ static void d_lru_isolate(struct list_lru_one *lru, struct dentry *dentry) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, DCACHE_LRU_LIST); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_LRU_LIST; this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_unused); if (d_is_negative(dentry)) this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative); list_lru_isolate(lru, &dentry->d_lru); } static void d_lru_shrink_move(struct list_lru_one *lru, struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, DCACHE_LRU_LIST); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST; if (d_is_negative(dentry)) this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative); list_lru_isolate_move(lru, &dentry->d_lru, list); } /** * d_drop - drop a dentry * @dentry: dentry to drop * * d_drop() unhashes the entry from the parent dentry hashes, so that it won't * be found through a VFS lookup any more. Note that this is different from * deleting the dentry - d_delete will try to mark the dentry negative if * possible, giving a successful _negative_ lookup, while d_drop will * just make the cache lookup fail. * * d_drop() is used mainly for stuff that wants to invalidate a dentry for some * reason (NFS timeouts or autofs deletes). * * __d_drop requires dentry->d_lock * ___d_drop doesn't mark dentry as "unhashed" * (dentry->d_hash.pprev will be LIST_POISON2, not NULL). */ static void ___d_drop(struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_bl_head *b; /* * Hashed dentries are normally on the dentry hashtable, * with the exception of those newly allocated by * d_obtain_root, which are always IS_ROOT: */ if (unlikely(IS_ROOT(dentry))) b = &dentry->d_sb->s_roots; else b = d_hash(dentry->d_name.hash); hlist_bl_lock(b); __hlist_bl_del(&dentry->d_hash); hlist_bl_unlock(b); } void __d_drop(struct dentry *dentry) { if (!d_unhashed(dentry)) { ___d_drop(dentry); dentry->d_hash.pprev = NULL; write_seqcount_invalidate(&dentry->d_seq); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__d_drop); void d_drop(struct dentry *dentry) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); __d_drop(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_drop); static inline void dentry_unlist(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *parent) { struct dentry *next; /* * Inform d_walk() and shrink_dentry_list() that we are no longer * attached to the dentry tree */ dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_DENTRY_KILLED; if (unlikely(list_empty(&dentry->d_child))) return; __list_del_entry(&dentry->d_child); /* * Cursors can move around the list of children. While we'd been * a normal list member, it didn't matter - ->d_child.next would've * been updated. However, from now on it won't be and for the * things like d_walk() it might end up with a nasty surprise. * Normally d_walk() doesn't care about cursors moving around - * ->d_lock on parent prevents that and since a cursor has no children * of its own, we get through it without ever unlocking the parent. * There is one exception, though - if we ascend from a child that * gets killed as soon as we unlock it, the next sibling is found * using the value left in its ->d_child.next. And if _that_ * pointed to a cursor, and cursor got moved (e.g. by lseek()) * before d_walk() regains parent->d_lock, we'll end up skipping * everything the cursor had been moved past. * * Solution: make sure that the pointer left behind in ->d_child.next * points to something that won't be moving around. I.e. skip the * cursors. */ while (dentry->d_child.next != &parent->d_subdirs) { next = list_entry(dentry->d_child.next, struct dentry, d_child); if (likely(!(next->d_flags & DCACHE_DENTRY_CURSOR))) break; dentry->d_child.next = next->d_child.next; } } static void __dentry_kill(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *parent = NULL; bool can_free = true; if (!IS_ROOT(dentry)) parent = dentry->d_parent; /* * The dentry is now unrecoverably dead to the world. */ lockref_mark_dead(&dentry->d_lockref); /* * inform the fs via d_prune that this dentry is about to be * unhashed and destroyed. */ if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_PRUNE) dentry->d_op->d_prune(dentry); if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) { if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST)) d_lru_del(dentry); } /* if it was on the hash then remove it */ __d_drop(dentry); dentry_unlist(dentry, parent); if (parent) spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); if (dentry->d_inode) dentry_unlink_inode(dentry); else spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry); if (dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_release) dentry->d_op->d_release(dentry); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) { dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_MAY_FREE; can_free = false; } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); if (likely(can_free)) dentry_free(dentry); cond_resched(); } static struct dentry *__lock_parent(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *parent; rcu_read_lock(); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); again: parent = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_parent); spin_lock(&parent->d_lock); /* * We can't blindly lock dentry until we are sure * that we won't violate the locking order. * Any changes of dentry->d_parent must have * been done with parent->d_lock held, so * spin_lock() above is enough of a barrier * for checking if it's still our child. */ if (unlikely(parent != dentry->d_parent)) { spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); goto again; } rcu_read_unlock(); if (parent != dentry) spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); else parent = NULL; return parent; } static inline struct dentry *lock_parent(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *parent = dentry->d_parent; if (IS_ROOT(dentry)) return NULL; if (likely(spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock))) return parent; return __lock_parent(dentry); } static inline bool retain_dentry(struct dentry *dentry) { WARN_ON(d_in_lookup(dentry)); /* Unreachable? Get rid of it */ if (unlikely(d_unhashed(dentry))) return false; if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_DISCONNECTED)) return false; if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_DELETE)) { if (dentry->d_op->d_delete(dentry)) return false; } if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_DONTCACHE)) return false; /* retain; LRU fodder */ dentry->d_lockref.count--; if (unlikely(!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST))) d_lru_add(dentry); else if (unlikely(!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_REFERENCED))) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_REFERENCED; return true; } void d_mark_dontcache(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *de; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); hlist_for_each_entry(de, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { spin_lock(&de->d_lock); de->d_flags |= DCACHE_DONTCACHE; spin_unlock(&de->d_lock); } inode->i_state |= I_DONTCACHE; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_mark_dontcache); /* * Finish off a dentry we've decided to kill. * dentry->d_lock must be held, returns with it unlocked. * Returns dentry requiring refcount drop, or NULL if we're done. */ static struct dentry *dentry_kill(struct dentry *dentry) __releases(dentry->d_lock) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; struct dentry *parent = NULL; if (inode && unlikely(!spin_trylock(&inode->i_lock))) goto slow_positive; if (!IS_ROOT(dentry)) { parent = dentry->d_parent; if (unlikely(!spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock))) { parent = __lock_parent(dentry); if (likely(inode || !dentry->d_inode)) goto got_locks; /* negative that became positive */ if (parent) spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); inode = dentry->d_inode; goto slow_positive; } } __dentry_kill(dentry); return parent; slow_positive: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); parent = lock_parent(dentry); got_locks: if (unlikely(dentry->d_lockref.count != 1)) { dentry->d_lockref.count--; } else if (likely(!retain_dentry(dentry))) { __dentry_kill(dentry); return parent; } /* we are keeping it, after all */ if (inode) spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); if (parent) spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return NULL; } /* * Try to do a lockless dput(), and return whether that was successful. * * If unsuccessful, we return false, having already taken the dentry lock. * * The caller needs to hold the RCU read lock, so that the dentry is * guaranteed to stay around even if the refcount goes down to zero! */ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry) { int ret; unsigned int d_flags; /* * If we have a d_op->d_delete() operation, we sould not * let the dentry count go to zero, so use "put_or_lock". */ if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_DELETE)) return lockref_put_or_lock(&dentry->d_lockref); /* * .. otherwise, we can try to just decrement the * lockref optimistically. */ ret = lockref_put_return(&dentry->d_lockref); /* * If the lockref_put_return() failed due to the lock being held * by somebody else, the fast path has failed. We will need to * get the lock, and then check the count again. */ if (unlikely(ret < 0)) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (dentry->d_lockref.count > 1) { dentry->d_lockref.count--; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return true; } return false; } /* * If we weren't the last ref, we're done. */ if (ret) return true; /* * Careful, careful. The reference count went down * to zero, but we don't hold the dentry lock, so * somebody else could get it again, and do another * dput(), and we need to not race with that. * * However, there is a very special and common case * where we don't care, because there is nothing to * do: the dentry is still hashed, it does not have * a 'delete' op, and it's referenced and already on * the LRU list. * * NOTE! Since we aren't locked, these values are * not "stable". However, it is sufficient that at * some point after we dropped the reference the * dentry was hashed and the flags had the proper * value. Other dentry users may have re-gotten * a reference to the dentry and change that, but * our work is done - we can leave the dentry * around with a zero refcount. */ smp_rmb(); d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags); d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED; /* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */ if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry)) return true; /* * Not the fast normal case? Get the lock. We've already decremented * the refcount, but we'll need to re-check the situation after * getting the lock. */ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); /* * Did somebody else grab a reference to it in the meantime, and * we're no longer the last user after all? Alternatively, somebody * else could have killed it and marked it dead. Either way, we * don't need to do anything else. */ if (dentry->d_lockref.count) { spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return true; } /* * Re-get the reference we optimistically dropped. We hold the * lock, and we just tested that it was zero, so we can just * set it to 1. */ dentry->d_lockref.count = 1; return false; } /* * This is dput * * This is complicated by the fact that we do not want to put * dentries that are no longer on any hash chain on the unused * list: we'd much rather just get rid of them immediately. * * However, that implies that we have to traverse the dentry * tree upwards to the parents which might _also_ now be * scheduled for deletion (it may have been only waiting for * its last child to go away). * * This tail recursion is done by hand as we don't want to depend * on the compiler to always get this right (gcc generally doesn't). * Real recursion would eat up our stack space. */ /* * dput - release a dentry * @dentry: dentry to release * * Release a dentry. This will drop the usage count and if appropriate * call the dentry unlink method as well as removing it from the queues and * releasing its resources. If the parent dentries were scheduled for release * they too may now get deleted. */ void dput(struct dentry *dentry) { while (dentry) { might_sleep(); rcu_read_lock(); if (likely(fast_dput(dentry))) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } /* Slow case: now with the dentry lock held */ rcu_read_unlock(); if (likely(retain_dentry(dentry))) { spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return; } dentry = dentry_kill(dentry); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dput); static void __dput_to_list(struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list) __must_hold(&dentry->d_lock) { if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) { /* let the owner of the list it's on deal with it */ --dentry->d_lockref.count; } else { if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) d_lru_del(dentry); if (!--dentry->d_lockref.count) d_shrink_add(dentry, list); } } void dput_to_list(struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list) { rcu_read_lock(); if (likely(fast_dput(dentry))) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } rcu_read_unlock(); if (!retain_dentry(dentry)) __dput_to_list(dentry, list); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /* This must be called with d_lock held */ static inline void __dget_dlock(struct dentry *dentry) { dentry->d_lockref.count++; } static inline void __dget(struct dentry *dentry) { lockref_get(&dentry->d_lockref); } struct dentry *dget_parent(struct dentry *dentry) { int gotref; struct dentry *ret; unsigned seq; /* * Do optimistic parent lookup without any * locking. */ rcu_read_lock(); seq = raw_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); ret = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_parent); gotref = lockref_get_not_zero(&ret->d_lockref); rcu_read_unlock(); if (likely(gotref)) { if (!read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq)) return ret; dput(ret); } repeat: /* * Don't need rcu_dereference because we re-check it was correct under * the lock. */ rcu_read_lock(); ret = dentry->d_parent; spin_lock(&ret->d_lock); if (unlikely(ret != dentry->d_parent)) { spin_unlock(&ret->d_lock); rcu_read_unlock(); goto repeat; } rcu_read_unlock(); BUG_ON(!ret->d_lockref.count); ret->d_lockref.count++; spin_unlock(&ret->d_lock); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dget_parent); static struct dentry * __d_find_any_alias(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *alias; if (hlist_empty(&inode->i_dentry)) return NULL; alias = hlist_entry(inode->i_dentry.first, struct dentry, d_u.d_alias); __dget(alias); return alias; } /** * d_find_any_alias - find any alias for a given inode * @inode: inode to find an alias for * * If any aliases exist for the given inode, take and return a * reference for one of them. If no aliases exist, return %NULL. */ struct dentry *d_find_any_alias(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *de; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); de = __d_find_any_alias(inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return de; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_find_any_alias); /** * d_find_alias - grab a hashed alias of inode * @inode: inode in question * * If inode has a hashed alias, or is a directory and has any alias, * acquire the reference to alias and return it. Otherwise return NULL. * Notice that if inode is a directory there can be only one alias and * it can be unhashed only if it has no children, or if it is the root * of a filesystem, or if the directory was renamed and d_revalidate * was the first vfs operation to notice. * * If the inode has an IS_ROOT, DCACHE_DISCONNECTED alias, then prefer * any other hashed alias over that one. */ static struct dentry *__d_find_alias(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *alias; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return __d_find_any_alias(inode); hlist_for_each_entry(alias, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { spin_lock(&alias->d_lock); if (!d_unhashed(alias)) { __dget_dlock(alias); spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); return alias; } spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); } return NULL; } struct dentry *d_find_alias(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *de = NULL; if (!hlist_empty(&inode->i_dentry)) { spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); de = __d_find_alias(inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } return de; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_find_alias); /* * Try to kill dentries associated with this inode. * WARNING: you must own a reference to inode. */ void d_prune_aliases(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *dentry; restart: spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); hlist_for_each_entry(dentry, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) { struct dentry *parent = lock_parent(dentry); if (likely(!dentry->d_lockref.count)) { __dentry_kill(dentry); dput(parent); goto restart; } if (parent) spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_prune_aliases); /* * Lock a dentry from shrink list. * Called under rcu_read_lock() and dentry->d_lock; the former * guarantees that nothing we access will be freed under us. * Note that dentry is *not* protected from concurrent dentry_kill(), * d_delete(), etc. * * Return false if dentry has been disrupted or grabbed, leaving * the caller to kick it off-list. Otherwise, return true and have * that dentry's inode and parent both locked. */ static bool shrink_lock_dentry(struct dentry *dentry) { struct inode *inode; struct dentry *parent; if (dentry->d_lockref.count) return false; inode = dentry->d_inode; if (inode && unlikely(!spin_trylock(&inode->i_lock))) { spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (unlikely(dentry->d_lockref.count)) goto out; /* changed inode means that somebody had grabbed it */ if (unlikely(inode != dentry->d_inode)) goto out; } parent = dentry->d_parent; if (IS_ROOT(dentry) || likely(spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock))) return true; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_lock(&parent->d_lock); if (unlikely(parent != dentry->d_parent)) { spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); goto out; } spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); if (likely(!dentry->d_lockref.count)) return true; spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); out: if (inode) spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return false; } void shrink_dentry_list(struct list_head *list) { while (!list_empty(list)) { struct dentry *dentry, *parent; dentry = list_entry(list->prev, struct dentry, d_lru); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); rcu_read_lock(); if (!shrink_lock_dentry(dentry)) { bool can_free = false; rcu_read_unlock(); d_shrink_del(dentry); if (dentry->d_lockref.count < 0) can_free = dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_MAY_FREE; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); if (can_free) dentry_free(dentry); continue; } rcu_read_unlock(); d_shrink_del(dentry); parent = dentry->d_parent; if (parent != dentry) __dput_to_list(parent, list); __dentry_kill(dentry); } } static enum lru_status dentry_lru_isolate(struct list_head *item, struct list_lru_one *lru, spinlock_t *lru_lock, void *arg) { struct list_head *freeable = arg; struct dentry *dentry = container_of(item, struct dentry, d_lru); /* * we are inverting the lru lock/dentry->d_lock here, * so use a trylock. If we fail to get the lock, just skip * it */ if (!spin_trylock(&dentry->d_lock)) return LRU_SKIP; /* * Referenced dentries are still in use. If they have active * counts, just remove them from the LRU. Otherwise give them * another pass through the LRU. */ if (dentry->d_lockref.count) { d_lru_isolate(lru, dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return LRU_REMOVED; } if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_REFERENCED) { dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_REFERENCED; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); /* * The list move itself will be made by the common LRU code. At * this point, we've dropped the dentry->d_lock but keep the * lru lock. This is safe to do, since every list movement is * protected by the lru lock even if both locks are held. * * This is guaranteed by the fact that all LRU management * functions are intermediated by the LRU API calls like * list_lru_add and list_lru_del. List movement in this file * only ever occur through this functions or through callbacks * like this one, that are called from the LRU API. * * The only exceptions to this are functions like * shrink_dentry_list, and code that first checks for the * DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST flag. Those are guaranteed to be * operating only with stack provided lists after they are * properly isolated from the main list. It is thus, always a * local access. */ return LRU_ROTATE; } d_lru_shrink_move(lru, dentry, freeable); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return LRU_REMOVED; } /** * prune_dcache_sb - shrink the dcache * @sb: superblock * @sc: shrink control, passed to list_lru_shrink_walk() * * Attempt to shrink the superblock dcache LRU by @sc->nr_to_scan entries. This * is done when we need more memory and called from the superblock shrinker * function. * * This function may fail to free any resources if all the dentries are in * use. */ long prune_dcache_sb(struct super_block *sb, struct shrink_control *sc) { LIST_HEAD(dispose); long freed; freed = list_lru_shrink_walk(&sb->s_dentry_lru, sc, dentry_lru_isolate, &dispose); shrink_dentry_list(&dispose); return freed; } static enum lru_status dentry_lru_isolate_shrink(struct list_head *item, struct list_lru_one *lru, spinlock_t *lru_lock, void *arg) { struct list_head *freeable = arg; struct dentry *dentry = container_of(item, struct dentry, d_lru); /* * we are inverting the lru lock/dentry->d_lock here, * so use a trylock. If we fail to get the lock, just skip * it */ if (!spin_trylock(&dentry->d_lock)) return LRU_SKIP; d_lru_shrink_move(lru, dentry, freeable); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return LRU_REMOVED; } /** * shrink_dcache_sb - shrink dcache for a superblock * @sb: superblock * * Shrink the dcache for the specified super block. This is used to free * the dcache before unmounting a file system. */ void shrink_dcache_sb(struct super_block *sb) { do { LIST_HEAD(dispose); list_lru_walk(&sb->s_dentry_lru, dentry_lru_isolate_shrink, &dispose, 1024); shrink_dentry_list(&dispose); } while (list_lru_count(&sb->s_dentry_lru) > 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(shrink_dcache_sb); /** * enum d_walk_ret - action to talke during tree walk * @D_WALK_CONTINUE: contrinue walk * @D_WALK_QUIT: quit walk * @D_WALK_NORETRY: quit when retry is needed * @D_WALK_SKIP: skip this dentry and its children */ enum d_walk_ret { D_WALK_CONTINUE, D_WALK_QUIT, D_WALK_NORETRY, D_WALK_SKIP, }; /** * d_walk - walk the dentry tree * @parent: start of walk * @data: data passed to @enter() and @finish() * @enter: callback when first entering the dentry * * The @enter() callbacks are called with d_lock held. */ static void d_walk(struct dentry *parent, void *data, enum d_walk_ret (*enter)(void *, struct dentry *)) { struct dentry *this_parent; struct list_head *next; unsigned seq = 0; enum d_walk_ret ret; bool retry = true; again: read_seqbegin_or_lock(&rename_lock, &seq); this_parent = parent; spin_lock(&this_parent->d_lock); ret = enter(data, this_parent); switch (ret) { case D_WALK_CONTINUE: break; case D_WALK_QUIT: case D_WALK_SKIP: goto out_unlock; case D_WALK_NORETRY: retry = false; break; } repeat: next = this_parent->d_subdirs.next; resume: while (next != &this_parent->d_subdirs) { struct list_head *tmp = next; struct dentry *dentry = list_entry(tmp, struct dentry, d_child); next = tmp->next; if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_DENTRY_CURSOR)) continue; spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); ret = enter(data, dentry); switch (ret) { case D_WALK_CONTINUE: break; case D_WALK_QUIT: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); goto out_unlock; case D_WALK_NORETRY: retry = false; break; case D_WALK_SKIP: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); continue; } if (!list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) { spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock); spin_release(&dentry->d_lock.dep_map, _RET_IP_); this_parent = dentry; spin_acquire(&this_parent->d_lock.dep_map, 0, 1, _RET_IP_); goto repeat; } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /* * All done at this level ... ascend and resume the search. */ rcu_read_lock(); ascend: if (this_parent != parent) { struct dentry *child = this_parent; this_parent = child->d_parent; spin_unlock(&child->d_lock); spin_lock(&this_parent->d_lock); /* might go back up the wrong parent if we have had a rename. */ if (need_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)) goto rename_retry; /* go into the first sibling still alive */ do { next = child->d_child.next; if (next == &this_parent->d_subdirs) goto ascend; child = list_entry(next, struct dentry, d_child); } while (unlikely(child->d_flags & DCACHE_DENTRY_KILLED)); rcu_read_unlock(); goto resume; } if (need_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)) goto rename_retry; rcu_read_unlock(); out_unlock: spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock); done_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq); return; rename_retry: spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock); rcu_read_unlock(); BUG_ON(seq & 1); if (!retry) return; seq = 1; goto again; } struct check_mount { struct vfsmount *mnt; unsigned int mounted; }; static enum d_walk_ret path_check_mount(void *data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct check_mount *info = data; struct path path = { .mnt = info->mnt, .dentry = dentry }; if (likely(!d_mountpoint(dentry))) return D_WALK_CONTINUE; if (__path_is_mountpoint(&path)) { info->mounted = 1; return D_WALK_QUIT; } return D_WALK_CONTINUE; } /** * path_has_submounts - check for mounts over a dentry in the * current namespace. * @parent: path to check. * * Return true if the parent or its subdirectories contain * a mount point in the current namespace. */ int path_has_submounts(const struct path *parent) { struct check_mount data = { .mnt = parent->mnt, .mounted = 0 }; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); d_walk(parent->dentry, &data, path_check_mount); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return data.mounted; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_has_submounts); /* * Called by mount code to set a mountpoint and check if the mountpoint is * reachable (e.g. NFS can unhash a directory dentry and then the complete * subtree can become unreachable). * * Only one of d_invalidate() and d_set_mounted() must succeed. For * this reason take rename_lock and d_lock on dentry and ancestors. */ int d_set_mounted(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *p; int ret = -ENOENT; write_seqlock(&rename_lock); for (p = dentry->d_parent; !IS_ROOT(p); p = p->d_parent) { /* Need exclusion wrt. d_invalidate() */ spin_lock(&p->d_lock); if (unlikely(d_unhashed(p))) { spin_unlock(&p->d_lock); goto out; } spin_unlock(&p->d_lock); } spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (!d_unlinked(dentry)) { ret = -EBUSY; if (!d_mountpoint(dentry)) { dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_MOUNTED; ret = 0; } } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); out: write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); return ret; } /* * Search the dentry child list of the specified parent, * and move any unused dentries to the end of the unused * list for prune_dcache(). We descend to the next level * whenever the d_subdirs list is non-empty and continue * searching. * * It returns zero iff there are no unused children, * otherwise it returns the number of children moved to * the end of the unused list. This may not be the total * number of unused children, because select_parent can * drop the lock and return early due to latency * constraints. */ struct select_data { struct dentry *start; union { long found; struct dentry *victim; }; struct list_head dispose; }; static enum d_walk_ret select_collect(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct select_data *data = _data; enum d_walk_ret ret = D_WALK_CONTINUE; if (data->start == dentry) goto out; if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) { data->found++; } else { if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) d_lru_del(dentry); if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) { d_shrink_add(dentry, &data->dispose); data->found++; } } /* * We can return to the caller if we have found some (this * ensures forward progress). We'll be coming back to find * the rest. */ if (!list_empty(&data->dispose)) ret = need_resched() ? D_WALK_QUIT : D_WALK_NORETRY; out: return ret; } static enum d_walk_ret select_collect2(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct select_data *data = _data; enum d_walk_ret ret = D_WALK_CONTINUE; if (data->start == dentry) goto out; if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) { if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) { rcu_read_lock(); data->victim = dentry; return D_WALK_QUIT; } } else { if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) d_lru_del(dentry); if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) d_shrink_add(dentry, &data->dispose); } /* * We can return to the caller if we have found some (this * ensures forward progress). We'll be coming back to find * the rest. */ if (!list_empty(&data->dispose)) ret = need_resched() ? D_WALK_QUIT : D_WALK_NORETRY; out: return ret; } /** * shrink_dcache_parent - prune dcache * @parent: parent of entries to prune * * Prune the dcache to remove unused children of the parent dentry. */ void shrink_dcache_parent(struct dentry *parent) { for (;;) { struct select_data data = {.start = parent}; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&data.dispose); d_walk(parent, &data, select_collect); if (!list_empty(&data.dispose)) { shrink_dentry_list(&data.dispose); continue; } cond_resched(); if (!data.found) break; data.victim = NULL; d_walk(parent, &data, select_collect2); if (data.victim) { struct dentry *parent; spin_lock(&data.victim->d_lock); if (!shrink_lock_dentry(data.victim)) { spin_unlock(&data.victim->d_lock); rcu_read_unlock(); } else { rcu_read_unlock(); parent = data.victim->d_parent; if (parent != data.victim) __dput_to_list(parent, &data.dispose); __dentry_kill(data.victim); } } if (!list_empty(&data.dispose)) shrink_dentry_list(&data.dispose); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(shrink_dcache_parent); static enum d_walk_ret umount_check(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry) { /* it has busy descendents; complain about those instead */ if (!list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) return D_WALK_CONTINUE; /* root with refcount 1 is fine */ if (dentry == _data && dentry->d_lockref.count == 1) return D_WALK_CONTINUE; printk(KERN_ERR "BUG: Dentry %p{i=%lx,n=%pd} " " still in use (%d) [unmount of %s %s]\n", dentry, dentry->d_inode ? dentry->d_inode->i_ino : 0UL, dentry, dentry->d_lockref.count, dentry->d_sb->s_type->name, dentry->d_sb->s_id); WARN_ON(1); return D_WALK_CONTINUE; } static void do_one_tree(struct dentry *dentry) { shrink_dcache_parent(dentry); d_walk(dentry, dentry, umount_check); d_drop(dentry); dput(dentry); } /* * destroy the dentries attached to a superblock on unmounting */ void shrink_dcache_for_umount(struct super_block *sb) { struct dentry *dentry; WARN(down_read_trylock(&sb->s_umount), "s_umount should've been locked"); dentry = sb->s_root; sb->s_root = NULL; do_one_tree(dentry); while (!hlist_bl_empty(&sb->s_roots)) { dentry = dget(hlist_bl_entry(hlist_bl_first(&sb->s_roots), struct dentry, d_hash)); do_one_tree(dentry); } } static enum d_walk_ret find_submount(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry **victim = _data; if (d_mountpoint(dentry)) { __dget_dlock(dentry); *victim = dentry; return D_WALK_QUIT; } return D_WALK_CONTINUE; } /** * d_invalidate - detach submounts, prune dcache, and drop * @dentry: dentry to invalidate (aka detach, prune and drop) */ void d_invalidate(struct dentry *dentry) { bool had_submounts = false; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (d_unhashed(dentry)) { spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return; } __d_drop(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); /* Negative dentries can be dropped without further checks */ if (!dentry->d_inode) return; shrink_dcache_parent(dentry); for (;;) { struct dentry *victim = NULL; d_walk(dentry, &victim, find_submount); if (!victim) { if (had_submounts) shrink_dcache_parent(dentry); return; } had_submounts = true; detach_mounts(victim); dput(victim); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_invalidate); /** * __d_alloc - allocate a dcache entry * @sb: filesystem it will belong to * @name: qstr of the name * * Allocates a dentry. It returns %NULL if there is insufficient memory * available. On a success the dentry is returned. The name passed in is * copied and the copy passed in may be reused after this call. */ static struct dentry *__d_alloc(struct super_block *sb, const struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *dentry; char *dname; int err; dentry = kmem_cache_alloc(dentry_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!dentry) return NULL; /* * We guarantee that the inline name is always NUL-terminated. * This way the memcpy() done by the name switching in rename * will still always have a NUL at the end, even if we might * be overwriting an internal NUL character */ dentry->d_iname[DNAME_INLINE_LEN-1] = 0; if (unlikely(!name)) { name = &slash_name; dname = dentry->d_iname; } else if (name->len > DNAME_INLINE_LEN-1) { size_t size = offsetof(struct external_name, name[1]); struct external_name *p = kmalloc(size + name->len, GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT | __GFP_RECLAIMABLE); if (!p) { kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry); return NULL; } atomic_set(&p->u.count, 1); dname = p->name; } else { dname = dentry->d_iname; } dentry->d_name.len = name->len; dentry->d_name.hash = name->hash; memcpy(dname, name->name, name->len); dname[name->len] = 0; /* Make sure we always see the terminating NUL character */ smp_store_release(&dentry->d_name.name, dname); /* ^^^ */ dentry->d_lockref.count = 1; dentry->d_flags = 0; spin_lock_init(&dentry->d_lock); seqcount_spinlock_init(&dentry->d_seq, &dentry->d_lock); dentry->d_inode = NULL; dentry->d_parent = dentry; dentry->d_sb = sb; dentry->d_op = NULL; dentry->d_fsdata = NULL; INIT_HLIST_BL_NODE(&dentry->d_hash); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_lru); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_subdirs); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&dentry->d_u.d_alias); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_child); d_set_d_op(dentry, dentry->d_sb->s_d_op); if (dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_init) { err = dentry->d_op->d_init(dentry); if (err) { if (dname_external(dentry)) kfree(external_name(dentry)); kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry); return NULL; } } this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry); return dentry; } /** * d_alloc - allocate a dcache entry * @parent: parent of entry to allocate * @name: qstr of the name * * Allocates a dentry. It returns %NULL if there is insufficient memory * available. On a success the dentry is returned. The name passed in is * copied and the copy passed in may be reused after this call. */ struct dentry *d_alloc(struct dentry * parent, const struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *dentry = __d_alloc(parent->d_sb, name); if (!dentry) return NULL; spin_lock(&parent->d_lock); /* * don't need child lock because it is not subject * to concurrency here */ __dget_dlock(parent); dentry->d_parent = parent; list_add(&dentry->d_child, &parent->d_subdirs); spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); return dentry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc); struct dentry *d_alloc_anon(struct super_block *sb) { return __d_alloc(sb, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc_anon); struct dentry *d_alloc_cursor(struct dentry * parent) { struct dentry *dentry = d_alloc_anon(parent->d_sb); if (dentry) { dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_DENTRY_CURSOR; dentry->d_parent = dget(parent); } return dentry; } /** * d_alloc_pseudo - allocate a dentry (for lookup-less filesystems) * @sb: the superblock * @name: qstr of the name * * For a filesystem that just pins its dentries in memory and never * performs lookups at all, return an unhashed IS_ROOT dentry. * This is used for pipes, sockets et.al. - the stuff that should * never be anyone's children or parents. Unlike all other * dentries, these will not have RCU delay between dropping the * last reference and freeing them. * * The only user is alloc_file_pseudo() and that's what should * be considered a public interface. Don't use directly. */ struct dentry *d_alloc_pseudo(struct super_block *sb, const struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *dentry = __d_alloc(sb, name); if (likely(dentry)) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_NORCU; return dentry; } struct dentry *d_alloc_name(struct dentry *parent, const char *name) { struct qstr q; q.name = name; q.hash_len = hashlen_string(parent, name); return d_alloc(parent, &q); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc_name); void d_set_d_op(struct dentry *dentry, const struct dentry_operations *op) { WARN_ON_ONCE(dentry->d_op); WARN_ON_ONCE(dentry->d_flags & (DCACHE_OP_HASH | DCACHE_OP_COMPARE | DCACHE_OP_REVALIDATE | DCACHE_OP_WEAK_REVALIDATE | DCACHE_OP_DELETE | DCACHE_OP_REAL)); dentry->d_op = op; if (!op) return; if (op->d_hash) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_HASH; if (op->d_compare) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_COMPARE; if (op->d_revalidate) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_REVALIDATE; if (op->d_weak_revalidate) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_WEAK_REVALIDATE; if (op->d_delete) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_DELETE; if (op->d_prune) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_PRUNE; if (op->d_real) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_REAL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_set_d_op); /* * d_set_fallthru - Mark a dentry as falling through to a lower layer * @dentry - The dentry to mark * * Mark a dentry as falling through to the lower layer (as set with * d_pin_lower()). This flag may be recorded on the medium. */ void d_set_fallthru(struct dentry *dentry) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_FALLTHRU; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_set_fallthru); static unsigned d_flags_for_inode(struct inode *inode) { unsigned add_flags = DCACHE_REGULAR_TYPE; if (!inode) return DCACHE_MISS_TYPE; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { add_flags = DCACHE_DIRECTORY_TYPE; if (unlikely(!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_LOOKUP))) { if (unlikely(!inode->i_op->lookup)) add_flags = DCACHE_AUTODIR_TYPE; else inode->i_opflags |= IOP_LOOKUP; } goto type_determined; } if (unlikely(!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_NOFOLLOW))) { if (unlikely(inode->i_op->get_link)) { add_flags = DCACHE_SYMLINK_TYPE; goto type_determined; } inode->i_opflags |= IOP_NOFOLLOW; } if (unlikely(!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))) add_flags = DCACHE_SPECIAL_TYPE; type_determined: if (unlikely(IS_AUTOMOUNT(inode))) add_flags |= DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT; return add_flags; } static void __d_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { unsigned add_flags = d_flags_for_inode(inode); WARN_ON(d_in_lookup(dentry)); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); /* * Decrement negative dentry count if it was in the LRU list. */ if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative); hlist_add_head(&dentry->d_u.d_alias, &inode->i_dentry); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); __d_set_inode_and_type(dentry, inode, add_flags); raw_write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq); fsnotify_update_flags(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /** * d_instantiate - fill in inode information for a dentry * @entry: dentry to complete * @inode: inode to attach to this dentry * * Fill in inode information in the entry. * * This turns negative dentries into productive full members * of society. * * NOTE! This assumes that the inode count has been incremented * (or otherwise set) by the caller to indicate that it is now * in use by the dcache. */ void d_instantiate(struct dentry *entry, struct inode * inode) { BUG_ON(!hlist_unhashed(&entry->d_u.d_alias)); if (inode) { security_d_instantiate(entry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); __d_instantiate(entry, inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_instantiate); /* * This should be equivalent to d_instantiate() + unlock_new_inode(), * with lockdep-related part of unlock_new_inode() done before * anything else. Use that instead of open-coding d_instantiate()/ * unlock_new_inode() combinations. */ void d_instantiate_new(struct dentry *entry, struct inode *inode) { BUG_ON(!hlist_unhashed(&entry->d_u.d_alias)); BUG_ON(!inode); lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(inode); security_d_instantiate(entry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); __d_instantiate(entry, inode); WARN_ON(!(inode->i_state & I_NEW)); inode->i_state &= ~I_NEW & ~I_CREATING; smp_mb(); wake_up_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_NEW); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_instantiate_new); struct dentry *d_make_root(struct inode *root_inode) { struct dentry *res = NULL; if (root_inode) { res = d_alloc_anon(root_inode->i_sb); if (res) d_instantiate(res, root_inode); else iput(root_inode); } return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_make_root); static struct dentry *__d_instantiate_anon(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, bool disconnected) { struct dentry *res; unsigned add_flags; security_d_instantiate(dentry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); res = __d_find_any_alias(inode); if (res) { spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); dput(dentry); goto out_iput; } /* attach a disconnected dentry */ add_flags = d_flags_for_inode(inode); if (disconnected) add_flags |= DCACHE_DISCONNECTED; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); __d_set_inode_and_type(dentry, inode, add_flags); hlist_add_head(&dentry->d_u.d_alias, &inode->i_dentry); if (!disconnected) { hlist_bl_lock(&dentry->d_sb->s_roots); hlist_bl_add_head(&dentry->d_hash, &dentry->d_sb->s_roots); hlist_bl_unlock(&dentry->d_sb->s_roots); } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return dentry; out_iput: iput(inode); return res; } struct dentry *d_instantiate_anon(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { return __d_instantiate_anon(dentry, inode, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_instantiate_anon); static struct dentry *__d_obtain_alias(struct inode *inode, bool disconnected) { struct dentry *tmp; struct dentry *res; if (!inode) return ERR_PTR(-ESTALE); if (IS_ERR(inode)) return ERR_CAST(inode); res = d_find_any_alias(inode); if (res) goto out_iput; tmp = d_alloc_anon(inode->i_sb); if (!tmp) { res = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); goto out_iput; } return __d_instantiate_anon(tmp, inode, disconnected); out_iput: iput(inode); return res; } /** * d_obtain_alias - find or allocate a DISCONNECTED dentry for a given inode * @inode: inode to allocate the dentry for * * Obtain a dentry for an inode resulting from NFS filehandle conversion or * similar open by handle operations. The returned dentry may be anonymous, * or may have a full name (if the inode was already in the cache). * * When called on a directory inode, we must ensure that the inode only ever * has one dentry. If a dentry is found, that is returned instead of * allocating a new one. * * On successful return, the reference to the inode has been transferred * to the dentry. In case of an error the reference on the inode is released. * To make it easier to use in export operations a %NULL or IS_ERR inode may * be passed in and the error will be propagated to the return value, * with a %NULL @inode replaced by ERR_PTR(-ESTALE). */ struct dentry *d_obtain_alias(struct inode *inode) { return __d_obtain_alias(inode, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_obtain_alias); /** * d_obtain_root - find or allocate a dentry for a given inode * @inode: inode to allocate the dentry for * * Obtain an IS_ROOT dentry for the root of a filesystem. * * We must ensure that directory inodes only ever have one dentry. If a * dentry is found, that is returned instead of allocating a new one. * * On successful return, the reference to the inode has been transferred * to the dentry. In case of an error the reference on the inode is * released. A %NULL or IS_ERR inode may be passed in and will be the * error will be propagate to the return value, with a %NULL @inode * replaced by ERR_PTR(-ESTALE). */ struct dentry *d_obtain_root(struct inode *inode) { return __d_obtain_alias(inode, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_obtain_root); /** * d_add_ci - lookup or allocate new dentry with case-exact name * @inode: the inode case-insensitive lookup has found * @dentry: the negative dentry that was passed to the parent's lookup func * @name: the case-exact name to be associated with the returned dentry * * This is to avoid filling the dcache with case-insensitive names to the * same inode, only the actual correct case is stored in the dcache for * case-insensitive filesystems. * * For a case-insensitive lookup match and if the the case-exact dentry * already exists in in the dcache, use it and return it. * * If no entry exists with the exact case name, allocate new dentry with * the exact case, and return the spliced entry. */ struct dentry *d_add_ci(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *found, *res; /* * First check if a dentry matching the name already exists, * if not go ahead and create it now. */ found = d_hash_and_lookup(dentry->d_parent, name); if (found) { iput(inode); return found; } if (d_in_lookup(dentry)) { found = d_alloc_parallel(dentry->d_parent, name, dentry->d_wait); if (IS_ERR(found) || !d_in_lookup(found)) { iput(inode); return found; } } else { found = d_alloc(dentry->d_parent, name); if (!found) { iput(inode); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } } res = d_splice_alias(inode, found); if (res) { dput(found); return res; } return found; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_add_ci); static inline bool d_same_name(const struct dentry *dentry, const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name) { if (likely(!(parent->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_COMPARE))) { if (dentry->d_name.len != name->len) return false; return dentry_cmp(dentry, name->name, name->len) == 0; } return parent->d_op->d_compare(dentry, dentry->d_name.len, dentry->d_name.name, name) == 0; } /** * __d_lookup_rcu - search for a dentry (racy, store-free) * @parent: parent dentry * @name: qstr of name we wish to find * @seqp: returns d_seq value at the point where the dentry was found * Returns: dentry, or NULL * * __d_lookup_rcu is the dcache lookup function for rcu-walk name * resolution (store-free path walking) design described in * Documentation/filesystems/path-lookup.txt. * * This is not to be used outside core vfs. * * __d_lookup_rcu must only be used in rcu-walk mode, ie. with vfsmount lock * held, and rcu_read_lock held. The returned dentry must not be stored into * without taking d_lock and checking d_seq sequence count against @seq * returned here. * * A refcount may be taken on the found dentry with the d_rcu_to_refcount * function. * * Alternatively, __d_lookup_rcu may be called again to look up the child of * the returned dentry, so long as its parent's seqlock is checked after the * child is looked up. Thus, an interlocking stepping of sequence lock checks * is formed, giving integrity down the path walk. * * NOTE! The caller *has* to check the resulting dentry against the sequence * number we've returned before using any of the resulting dentry state! */ struct dentry *__d_lookup_rcu(const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name, unsigned *seqp) { u64 hashlen = name->hash_len; const unsigned char *str = name->name; struct hlist_bl_head *b = d_hash(hashlen_hash(hashlen)); struct hlist_bl_node *node; struct dentry *dentry; /* * Note: There is significant duplication with __d_lookup_rcu which is * required to prevent single threaded performance regressions * especially on architectures where smp_rmb (in seqcounts) are costly. * Keep the two functions in sync. */ /* * The hash list is protected using RCU. * * Carefully use d_seq when comparing a candidate dentry, to avoid * races with d_move(). * * It is possible that concurrent renames can mess up our list * walk here and result in missing our dentry, resulting in the * false-negative result. d_lookup() protects against concurrent * renames using rename_lock seqlock. * * See Documentation/filesystems/path-lookup.txt for more details. */ hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu(dentry, node, b, d_hash) { unsigned seq; seqretry: /* * The dentry sequence count protects us from concurrent * renames, and thus protects parent and name fields. * * The caller must perform a seqcount check in order * to do anything useful with the returned dentry. * * NOTE! We do a "raw" seqcount_begin here. That means that * we don't wait for the sequence count to stabilize if it * is in the middle of a sequence change. If we do the slow * dentry compare, we will do seqretries until it is stable, * and if we end up with a successful lookup, we actually * want to exit RCU lookup anyway. * * Note that raw_seqcount_begin still *does* smp_rmb(), so * we are still guaranteed NUL-termination of ->d_name.name. */ seq = raw_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); if (dentry->d_parent != parent) continue; if (d_unhashed(dentry)) continue; if (unlikely(parent->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_COMPARE)) { int tlen; const char *tname; if (dentry->d_name.hash != hashlen_hash(hashlen)) continue; tlen = dentry->d_name.len; tname = dentry->d_name.name; /* we want a consistent (name,len) pair */ if (read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq)) { cpu_relax(); goto seqretry; } if (parent->d_op->d_compare(dentry, tlen, tname, name) != 0) continue; } else { if (dentry->d_name.hash_len != hashlen) continue; if (dentry_cmp(dentry, str, hashlen_len(hashlen)) != 0) continue; } *seqp = seq; return dentry; } return NULL; } /** * d_lookup - search for a dentry * @parent: parent dentry * @name: qstr of name we wish to find * Returns: dentry, or NULL * * d_lookup searches the children of the parent dentry for the name in * question. If the dentry is found its reference count is incremented and the * dentry is returned. The caller must use dput to free the entry when it has * finished using it. %NULL is returned if the dentry does not exist. */ struct dentry *d_lookup(const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *dentry; unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqbegin(&rename_lock); dentry = __d_lookup(parent, name); if (dentry) break; } while (read_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)); return dentry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_lookup); /** * __d_lookup - search for a dentry (racy) * @parent: parent dentry * @name: qstr of name we wish to find * Returns: dentry, or NULL * * __d_lookup is like d_lookup, however it may (rarely) return a * false-negative result due to unrelated rename activity. * * __d_lookup is slightly faster by avoiding rename_lock read seqlock, * however it must be used carefully, eg. with a following d_lookup in * the case of failure. * * __d_lookup callers must be commented. */ struct dentry *__d_lookup(const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name) { unsigned int hash = name->hash; struct hlist_bl_head *b = d_hash(hash); struct hlist_bl_node *node; struct dentry *found = NULL; struct dentry *dentry; /* * Note: There is significant duplication with __d_lookup_rcu which is * required to prevent single threaded performance regressions * especially on architectures where smp_rmb (in seqcounts) are costly. * Keep the two functions in sync. */ /* * The hash list is protected using RCU. * * Take d_lock when comparing a candidate dentry, to avoid races * with d_move(). * * It is possible that concurrent renames can mess up our list * walk here and result in missing our dentry, resulting in the * false-negative result. d_lookup() protects against concurrent * renames using rename_lock seqlock. * * See Documentation/filesystems/path-lookup.txt for more details. */ rcu_read_lock(); hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu(dentry, node, b, d_hash) { if (dentry->d_name.hash != hash) continue; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (dentry->d_parent != parent) goto next; if (d_unhashed(dentry)) goto next; if (!d_same_name(dentry, parent, name)) goto next; dentry->d_lockref.count++; found = dentry; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); break; next: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } rcu_read_unlock(); return found; } /** * d_hash_and_lookup - hash the qstr then search for a dentry * @dir: Directory to search in * @name: qstr of name we wish to find * * On lookup failure NULL is returned; on bad name - ERR_PTR(-error) */ struct dentry *d_hash_and_lookup(struct dentry *dir, struct qstr *name) { /* * Check for a fs-specific hash function. Note that we must * calculate the standard hash first, as the d_op->d_hash() * routine may choose to leave the hash value unchanged. */ name->hash = full_name_hash(dir, name->name, name->len); if (dir->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_HASH) { int err = dir->d_op->d_hash(dir, name); if (unlikely(err < 0)) return ERR_PTR(err); } return d_lookup(dir, name); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_hash_and_lookup); /* * When a file is deleted, we have two options: * - turn this dentry into a negative dentry * - unhash this dentry and free it. * * Usually, we want to just turn this into * a negative dentry, but if anybody else is * currently using the dentry or the inode * we can't do that and we fall back on removing * it from the hash queues and waiting for * it to be deleted later when it has no users */ /** * d_delete - delete a dentry * @dentry: The dentry to delete * * Turn the dentry into a negative dentry if possible, otherwise * remove it from the hash queues so it can be deleted later */ void d_delete(struct dentry * dentry) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); /* * Are we the only user? */ if (dentry->d_lockref.count == 1) { dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_CANT_MOUNT; dentry_unlink_inode(dentry); } else { __d_drop(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_delete); static void __d_rehash(struct dentry *entry) { struct hlist_bl_head *b = d_hash(entry->d_name.hash); hlist_bl_lock(b); hlist_bl_add_head_rcu(&entry->d_hash, b); hlist_bl_unlock(b); } /** * d_rehash - add an entry back to the hash * @entry: dentry to add to the hash * * Adds a dentry to the hash according to its name. */ void d_rehash(struct dentry * entry) { spin_lock(&entry->d_lock); __d_rehash(entry); spin_unlock(&entry->d_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_rehash); static inline unsigned start_dir_add(struct inode *dir) { for (;;) { unsigned n = dir->i_dir_seq; if (!(n & 1) && cmpxchg(&dir->i_dir_seq, n, n + 1) == n) return n; cpu_relax(); } } static inline void end_dir_add(struct inode *dir, unsigned n) { smp_store_release(&dir->i_dir_seq, n + 2); } static void d_wait_lookup(struct dentry *dentry) { if (d_in_lookup(dentry)) { DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current); add_wait_queue(dentry->d_wait, &wait); do { set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); schedule(); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); } while (d_in_lookup(dentry)); } } struct dentry *d_alloc_parallel(struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name, wait_queue_head_t *wq) { unsigned int hash = name->hash; struct hlist_bl_head *b = in_lookup_hash(parent, hash); struct hlist_bl_node *node; struct dentry *new = d_alloc(parent, name); struct dentry *dentry; unsigned seq, r_seq, d_seq; if (unlikely(!new)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); retry: rcu_read_lock(); seq = smp_load_acquire(&parent->d_inode->i_dir_seq); r_seq = read_seqbegin(&rename_lock); dentry = __d_lookup_rcu(parent, name, &d_seq); if (unlikely(dentry)) { if (!lockref_get_not_dead(&dentry->d_lockref)) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } if (read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, d_seq)) { rcu_read_unlock(); dput(dentry); goto retry; } rcu_read_unlock(); dput(new); return dentry; } if (unlikely(read_seqretry(&rename_lock, r_seq))) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } if (unlikely(seq & 1)) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } hlist_bl_lock(b); if (unlikely(READ_ONCE(parent->d_inode->i_dir_seq) != seq)) { hlist_bl_unlock(b); rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } /* * No changes for the parent since the beginning of d_lookup(). * Since all removals from the chain happen with hlist_bl_lock(), * any potential in-lookup matches are going to stay here until * we unlock the chain. All fields are stable in everything * we encounter. */ hlist_bl_for_each_entry(dentry, node, b, d_u.d_in_lookup_hash) { if (dentry->d_name.hash != hash) continue; if (dentry->d_parent != parent) continue; if (!d_same_name(dentry, parent, name)) continue; hlist_bl_unlock(b); /* now we can try to grab a reference */ if (!lockref_get_not_dead(&dentry->d_lockref)) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } rcu_read_unlock(); /* * somebody is likely to be still doing lookup for it; * wait for them to finish */ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); d_wait_lookup(dentry); /* * it's not in-lookup anymore; in principle we should repeat * everything from dcache lookup, but it's likely to be what * d_lookup() would've found anyway. If it is, just return it; * otherwise we really have to repeat the whole thing. */ if (unlikely(dentry->d_name.hash != hash)) goto mismatch; if (unlikely(dentry->d_parent != parent)) goto mismatch; if (unlikely(d_unhashed(dentry))) goto mismatch; if (unlikely(!d_same_name(dentry, parent, name))) goto mismatch; /* OK, it *is* a hashed match; return it */ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); dput(new); return dentry; } rcu_read_unlock(); /* we can't take ->d_lock here; it's OK, though. */ new->d_flags |= DCACHE_PAR_LOOKUP; new->d_wait = wq; hlist_bl_add_head_rcu(&new->d_u.d_in_lookup_hash, b); hlist_bl_unlock(b); return new; mismatch: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); dput(dentry); goto retry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc_parallel); void __d_lookup_done(struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_bl_head *b = in_lookup_hash(dentry->d_parent, dentry->d_name.hash); hlist_bl_lock(b); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_PAR_LOOKUP; __hlist_bl_del(&dentry->d_u.d_in_lookup_hash); wake_up_all(dentry->d_wait); dentry->d_wait = NULL; hlist_bl_unlock(b); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&dentry->d_u.d_alias); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_lru); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__d_lookup_done); /* inode->i_lock held if inode is non-NULL */ static inline void __d_add(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { struct inode *dir = NULL; unsigned n; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (unlikely(d_in_lookup(dentry))) { dir = dentry->d_parent->d_inode; n = start_dir_add(dir); __d_lookup_done(dentry); } if (inode) { unsigned add_flags = d_flags_for_inode(inode); hlist_add_head(&dentry->d_u.d_alias, &inode->i_dentry); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); __d_set_inode_and_type(dentry, inode, add_flags); raw_write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq); fsnotify_update_flags(dentry); } __d_rehash(dentry); if (dir) end_dir_add(dir, n); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); if (inode) spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } /** * d_add - add dentry to hash queues * @entry: dentry to add * @inode: The inode to attach to this dentry * * This adds the entry to the hash queues and initializes @inode. * The entry was actually filled in earlier during d_alloc(). */ void d_add(struct dentry *entry, struct inode *inode) { if (inode) { security_d_instantiate(entry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); } __d_add(entry, inode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_add); /** * d_exact_alias - find and hash an exact unhashed alias * @entry: dentry to add * @inode: The inode to go with this dentry * * If an unhashed dentry with the same name/parent and desired * inode already exists, hash and return it. Otherwise, return * NULL. * * Parent directory should be locked. */ struct dentry *d_exact_alias(struct dentry *entry, struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *alias; unsigned int hash = entry->d_name.hash; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); hlist_for_each_entry(alias, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { /* * Don't need alias->d_lock here, because aliases with * d_parent == entry->d_parent are not subject to name or * parent changes, because the parent inode i_mutex is held. */ if (alias->d_name.hash != hash) continue; if (alias->d_parent != entry->d_parent) continue; if (!d_same_name(alias, entry->d_parent, &entry->d_name)) continue; spin_lock(&alias->d_lock); if (!d_unhashed(alias)) { spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); alias = NULL; } else { __dget_dlock(alias); __d_rehash(alias); spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return alias; } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_exact_alias); static void swap_names(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target) { if (unlikely(dname_external(target))) { if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) { /* * Both external: swap the pointers */ swap(target->d_name.name, dentry->d_name.name); } else { /* * dentry:internal, target:external. Steal target's * storage and make target internal. */ memcpy(target->d_iname, dentry->d_name.name, dentry->d_name.len + 1); dentry->d_name.name = target->d_name.name; target->d_name.name = target->d_iname; } } else { if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) { /* * dentry:external, target:internal. Give dentry's * storage to target and make dentry internal */ memcpy(dentry->d_iname, target->d_name.name, target->d_name.len + 1); target->d_name.name = dentry->d_name.name; dentry->d_name.name = dentry->d_iname; } else { /* * Both are internal. */ unsigned int i; BUILD_BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(DNAME_INLINE_LEN, sizeof(long))); for (i = 0; i < DNAME_INLINE_LEN / sizeof(long); i++) { swap(((long *) &dentry->d_iname)[i], ((long *) &target->d_iname)[i]); } } } swap(dentry->d_name.hash_len, target->d_name.hash_len); } static void copy_name(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target) { struct external_name *old_name = NULL; if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) old_name = external_name(dentry); if (unlikely(dname_external(target))) { atomic_inc(&external_name(target)->u.count); dentry->d_name = target->d_name; } else { memcpy(dentry->d_iname, target->d_name.name, target->d_name.len + 1); dentry->d_name.name = dentry->d_iname; dentry->d_name.hash_len = target->d_name.hash_len; } if (old_name && likely(atomic_dec_and_test(&old_name->u.count))) kfree_rcu(old_name, u.head); } /* * __d_move - move a dentry * @dentry: entry to move * @target: new dentry * @exchange: exchange the two dentries * * Update the dcache to reflect the move of a file name. Negative * dcache entries should not be moved in this way. Caller must hold * rename_lock, the i_mutex of the source and target directories, * and the sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex if they differ. See lock_rename(). */ static void __d_move(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target, bool exchange) { struct dentry *old_parent, *p; struct inode *dir = NULL; unsigned n; WARN_ON(!dentry->d_inode); if (WARN_ON(dentry == target)) return; BUG_ON(d_ancestor(target, dentry)); old_parent = dentry->d_parent; p = d_ancestor(old_parent, target); if (IS_ROOT(dentry)) { BUG_ON(p); spin_lock(&target->d_parent->d_lock); } else if (!p) { /* target is not a descendent of dentry->d_parent */ spin_lock(&target->d_parent->d_lock); spin_lock_nested(&old_parent->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); } else { BUG_ON(p == dentry); spin_lock(&old_parent->d_lock); if (p != target) spin_lock_nested(&target->d_parent->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); } spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, 2); spin_lock_nested(&target->d_lock, 3); if (unlikely(d_in_lookup(target))) { dir = target->d_parent->d_inode; n = start_dir_add(dir); __d_lookup_done(target); } write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); write_seqcount_begin_nested(&target->d_seq, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); /* unhash both */ if (!d_unhashed(dentry)) ___d_drop(dentry); if (!d_unhashed(target)) ___d_drop(target); /* ... and switch them in the tree */ dentry->d_parent = target->d_parent; if (!exchange) { copy_name(dentry, target); target->d_hash.pprev = NULL; dentry->d_parent->d_lockref.count++; if (dentry != old_parent) /* wasn't IS_ROOT */ WARN_ON(!--old_parent->d_lockref.count); } else { target->d_parent = old_parent; swap_names(dentry, target); list_move(&target->d_child, &target->d_parent->d_subdirs); __d_rehash(target); fsnotify_update_flags(target); } list_move(&dentry->d_child, &dentry->d_parent->d_subdirs); __d_rehash(dentry); fsnotify_update_flags(dentry); fscrypt_handle_d_move(dentry); write_seqcount_end(&target->d_seq); write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq); if (dir) end_dir_add(dir, n); if (dentry->d_parent != old_parent) spin_unlock(&dentry->d_parent->d_lock); if (dentry != old_parent) spin_unlock(&old_parent->d_lock); spin_unlock(&target->d_lock); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /* * d_move - move a dentry * @dentry: entry to move * @target: new dentry * * Update the dcache to reflect the move of a file name. Negative * dcache entries should not be moved in this way. See the locking * requirements for __d_move. */ void d_move(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target) { write_seqlock(&rename_lock); __d_move(dentry, target, false); write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_move); /* * d_exchange - exchange two dentries * @dentry1: first dentry * @dentry2: second dentry */ void d_exchange(struct dentry *dentry1, struct dentry *dentry2) { write_seqlock(&rename_lock); WARN_ON(!dentry1->d_inode); WARN_ON(!dentry2->d_inode); WARN_ON(IS_ROOT(dentry1)); WARN_ON(IS_ROOT(dentry2)); __d_move(dentry1, dentry2, true); write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); } /** * d_ancestor - search for an ancestor * @p1: ancestor dentry * @p2: child dentry * * Returns the ancestor dentry of p2 which is a child of p1, if p1 is * an ancestor of p2, else NULL. */ struct dentry *d_ancestor(struct dentry *p1, struct dentry *p2) { struct dentry *p; for (p = p2; !IS_ROOT(p); p = p->d_parent) { if (p->d_parent == p1) return p; } return NULL; } /* * This helper attempts to cope with remotely renamed directories * * It assumes that the caller is already holding * dentry->d_parent->d_inode->i_mutex, and rename_lock * * Note: If ever the locking in lock_rename() changes, then please * remember to update this too... */ static int __d_unalias(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *alias) { struct mutex *m1 = NULL; struct rw_semaphore *m2 = NULL; int ret = -ESTALE; /* If alias and dentry share a parent, then no extra locks required */ if (alias->d_parent == dentry->d_parent) goto out_unalias; /* See lock_rename() */ if (!mutex_trylock(&dentry->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex)) goto out_err; m1 = &dentry->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex; if (!inode_trylock_shared(alias->d_parent->d_inode)) goto out_err; m2 = &alias->d_parent->d_inode->i_rwsem; out_unalias: __d_move(alias, dentry, false); ret = 0; out_err: if (m2) up_read(m2); if (m1) mutex_unlock(m1); return ret; } /** * d_splice_alias - splice a disconnected dentry into the tree if one exists * @inode: the inode which may have a disconnected dentry * @dentry: a negative dentry which we want to point to the inode. * * If inode is a directory and has an IS_ROOT alias, then d_move that in * place of the given dentry and return it, else simply d_add the inode * to the dentry and return NULL. * * If a non-IS_ROOT directory is found, the filesystem is corrupt, and * we should error out: directories can't have multiple aliases. * * This is needed in the lookup routine of any filesystem that is exportable * (via knfsd) so that we can build dcache paths to directories effectively. * * If a dentry was found and moved, then it is returned. Otherwise NULL * is returned. This matches the expected return value of ->lookup. * * Cluster filesystems may call this function with a negative, hashed dentry. * In that case, we know that the inode will be a regular file, and also this * will only occur during atomic_open. So we need to check for the dentry * being already hashed only in the final case. */ struct dentry *d_splice_alias(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { if (IS_ERR(inode)) return ERR_CAST(inode); BUG_ON(!d_unhashed(dentry)); if (!inode) goto out; security_d_instantiate(dentry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { struct dentry *new = __d_find_any_alias(inode); if (unlikely(new)) { /* The reference to new ensures it remains an alias */ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); write_seqlock(&rename_lock); if (unlikely(d_ancestor(new, dentry))) { write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); dput(new); new = ERR_PTR(-ELOOP); pr_warn_ratelimited( "VFS: Lookup of '%s' in %s %s" " would have caused loop\n", dentry->d_name.name, inode->i_sb->s_type->name, inode->i_sb->s_id); } else if (!IS_ROOT(new)) { struct dentry *old_parent = dget(new->d_parent); int err = __d_unalias(inode, dentry, new); write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); if (err) { dput(new); new = ERR_PTR(err); } dput(old_parent); } else { __d_move(new, dentry, false); write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); } iput(inode); return new; } } out: __d_add(dentry, inode); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_splice_alias); /* * Test whether new_dentry is a subdirectory of old_dentry. * * Trivially implemented using the dcache structure */ /** * is_subdir - is new dentry a subdirectory of old_dentry * @new_dentry: new dentry * @old_dentry: old dentry * * Returns true if new_dentry is a subdirectory of the parent (at any depth). * Returns false otherwise. * Caller must ensure that "new_dentry" is pinned before calling is_subdir() */ bool is_subdir(struct dentry *new_dentry, struct dentry *old_dentry) { bool result; unsigned seq; if (new_dentry == old_dentry) return true; do { /* for restarting inner loop in case of seq retry */ seq = read_seqbegin(&rename_lock); /* * Need rcu_readlock to protect against the d_parent trashing * due to d_move */ rcu_read_lock(); if (d_ancestor(old_dentry, new_dentry)) result = true; else result = false; rcu_read_unlock(); } while (read_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)); return result; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(is_subdir); static enum d_walk_ret d_genocide_kill(void *data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *root = data; if (dentry != root) { if (d_unhashed(dentry) || !dentry->d_inode) return D_WALK_SKIP; if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_GENOCIDE)) { dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_GENOCIDE; dentry->d_lockref.count--; } } return D_WALK_CONTINUE; } void d_genocide(struct dentry *parent) { d_walk(parent, parent, d_genocide_kill); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_genocide); void d_tmpfile(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { inode_dec_link_count(inode); BUG_ON(dentry->d_name.name != dentry->d_iname || !hlist_unhashed(&dentry->d_u.d_alias) || !d_unlinked(dentry)); spin_lock(&dentry->d_parent->d_lock); spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); dentry->d_name.len = sprintf(dentry->d_iname, "#%llu", (unsigned long long)inode->i_ino); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_parent->d_lock); d_instantiate(dentry, inode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_tmpfile); static __initdata unsigned long dhash_entries; static int __init set_dhash_entries(char *str) { if (!str) return 0; dhash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0); return 1; } __setup("dhash_entries=", set_dhash_entries); static void __init dcache_init_early(void) { /* If hashes are distributed across NUMA nodes, defer * hash allocation until vmalloc space is available. */ if (hashdist) return; dentry_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Dentry cache", sizeof(struct hlist_bl_head), dhash_entries, 13, HASH_EARLY | HASH_ZERO, &d_hash_shift, NULL, 0,