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6621 6622 6623 6624 6625 6626 6627 6628 6629 6630 6631 6632 6633 6634 6635 6636 6637 6638 6639 6640 6641 6642 6643 6644 6645 6646 6647 6648 6649 6650 6651 6652 6653 6654 6655 6656 6657 6658 6659 6660 6661 6662 6663 6664 6665 6666 6667 6668 6669 6670 6671 6672 6673 6674 6675 6676 6677 6678 6679 6680 6681 6682 6683 6684 6685 6686 6687 6688 6689 6690 6691 6692 6693 6694 6695 6696 6697 6698 6699 6700 6701 6702 6703 6704 6705 6706 6707 6708 6709 6710 6711 6712 6713 6714 6715 6716 6717 6718 6719 6720 6721 6722 6723 6724 6725 6726 6727 6728 6729 6730 6731 6732 6733 6734 6735 6736 6737 6738 6739 6740 6741 6742 6743 6744 6745 6746 6747 6748 6749 6750 6751 6752 6753 6754 6755 6756 6757 6758 6759 6760 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/super.c * * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) * * from * * linux/fs/minix/inode.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * * Big-endian to little-endian byte-swapping/bitmaps by * David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu), 1995 */ #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/parser.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/exportfs.h> #include <linux/vfs.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <linux/crc16.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/cleancache.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/iversion.h> #include <linux/unicode.h> #include <linux/part_stat.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include "ext4.h" #include "ext4_extents.h" /* Needed for trace points definition */ #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "xattr.h" #include "acl.h" #include "mballoc.h" #include "fsmap.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/ext4.h> static struct ext4_lazy_init *ext4_li_info; static struct mutex ext4_li_mtx; static struct ratelimit_state ext4_mount_msg_ratelimit; static int ext4_load_journal(struct super_block *, struct ext4_super_block *, unsigned long journal_devnum); static int ext4_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root); static int ext4_commit_super(struct super_block *sb, int sync); static int ext4_mark_recovery_complete(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es); static int ext4_clear_journal_err(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es); static int ext4_sync_fs(struct super_block *sb, int wait); static int ext4_remount(struct super_block *sb, int *flags, char *data); static int ext4_statfs(struct dentry *dentry, struct kstatfs *buf); static int ext4_unfreeze(struct super_block *sb); static int ext4_freeze(struct super_block *sb); static struct dentry *ext4_mount(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data); static inline int ext2_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb); static inline int ext3_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb); static int ext4_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb, int readonly); static void ext4_destroy_lazyinit_thread(void); static void ext4_unregister_li_request(struct super_block *sb); static void ext4_clear_request_list(void); static struct inode *ext4_get_journal_inode(struct super_block *sb, unsigned int journal_inum); /* * Lock ordering * * Note the difference between i_mmap_sem (EXT4_I(inode)->i_mmap_sem) and * i_mmap_rwsem (inode->i_mmap_rwsem)! * * page fault path: * mmap_lock -> sb_start_pagefault -> i_mmap_sem (r) -> transaction start -> * page lock -> i_data_sem (rw) * * buffered write path: * sb_start_write -> i_mutex -> mmap_lock * sb_start_write -> i_mutex -> transaction start -> page lock -> * i_data_sem (rw) * * truncate: * sb_start_write -> i_mutex -> i_mmap_sem (w) -> i_mmap_rwsem (w) -> page lock * sb_start_write -> i_mutex -> i_mmap_sem (w) -> transaction start -> * i_data_sem (rw) * * direct IO: * sb_start_write -> i_mutex -> mmap_lock * sb_start_write -> i_mutex -> transaction start -> i_data_sem (rw) * * writepages: * transaction start -> page lock(s) -> i_data_sem (rw) */ #if !defined(CONFIG_EXT2_FS) && !defined(CONFIG_EXT2_FS_MODULE) && defined(CONFIG_EXT4_USE_FOR_EXT2) static struct file_system_type ext2_fs_type = { .owner = THIS_MODULE, .name = "ext2", .mount = ext4_mount, .kill_sb = kill_block_super, .fs_flags = FS_REQUIRES_DEV, }; MODULE_ALIAS_FS("ext2"); MODULE_ALIAS("ext2"); #define IS_EXT2_SB(sb) ((sb)->s_bdev->bd_holder == &ext2_fs_type) #else #define IS_EXT2_SB(sb) (0) #endif static struct file_system_type ext3_fs_type = { .owner = THIS_MODULE, .name = "ext3", .mount = ext4_mount, .kill_sb = kill_block_super, .fs_flags = FS_REQUIRES_DEV, }; MODULE_ALIAS_FS("ext3"); MODULE_ALIAS("ext3"); #define IS_EXT3_SB(sb) ((sb)->s_bdev->bd_holder == &ext3_fs_type) static inline void __ext4_read_bh(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bh_end_io_t *end_io) { /* * buffer's verified bit is no longer valid after reading from * disk again due to write out error, clear it to make sure we * recheck the buffer contents. */ clear_buffer_verified(bh); bh->b_end_io = end_io ? end_io : end_buffer_read_sync; get_bh(bh); submit_bh(REQ_OP_READ, op_flags, bh); } void ext4_read_bh_nowait(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bh_end_io_t *end_io) { BUG_ON(!buffer_locked(bh)); if (ext4_buffer_uptodate(bh)) { unlock_buffer(bh); return; } __ext4_read_bh(bh, op_flags, end_io); } int ext4_read_bh(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bh_end_io_t *end_io) { BUG_ON(!buffer_locked(bh)); if (ext4_buffer_uptodate(bh)) { unlock_buffer(bh); return 0; } __ext4_read_bh(bh, op_flags, end_io); wait_on_buffer(bh); if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) return 0; return -EIO; } int ext4_read_bh_lock(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bool wait) { if (trylock_buffer(bh)) { if (wait) return ext4_read_bh(bh, op_flags, NULL); ext4_read_bh_nowait(bh, op_flags, NULL); return 0; } if (wait) { wait_on_buffer(bh); if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) return 0; return -EIO; } return 0; } /* * This works like __bread_gfp() except it uses ERR_PTR for error * returns. Currently with sb_bread it's impossible to distinguish * between ENOMEM and EIO situations (since both result in a NULL * return. */ static struct buffer_head *__ext4_sb_bread_gfp(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, int op_flags, gfp_t gfp) { struct buffer_head *bh; int ret; bh = sb_getblk_gfp(sb, block, gfp); if (bh == NULL) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (ext4_buffer_uptodate(bh)) return bh; ret = ext4_read_bh_lock(bh, REQ_META | op_flags, true); if (ret) { put_bh(bh); return ERR_PTR(ret); } return bh; } struct buffer_head *ext4_sb_bread(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, int op_flags) { return __ext4_sb_bread_gfp(sb, block, op_flags, __GFP_MOVABLE); } struct buffer_head *ext4_sb_bread_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __ext4_sb_bread_gfp(sb, block, 0, 0); } void ext4_sb_breadahead_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { struct buffer_head *bh = sb_getblk_gfp(sb, block, 0); if (likely(bh)) { ext4_read_bh_lock(bh, REQ_RAHEAD, false); brelse(bh); } } static int ext4_verify_csum_type(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es) { if (!ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(sb)) return 1; return es->s_checksum_type == EXT4_CRC32C_CHKSUM; } static __le32 ext4_superblock_csum(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); int offset = offsetof(struct ext4_super_block, s_checksum); __u32 csum; csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, ~0, (char *)es, offset); return cpu_to_le32(csum); } static int ext4_superblock_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es) { if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) return 1; return es->s_checksum == ext4_superblock_csum(sb, es); } void ext4_superblock_csum_set(struct super_block *sb) { struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) return; es->s_checksum = ext4_superblock_csum(sb, es); } ext4_fsblk_t ext4_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg) { return le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_block_bitmap_lo) | (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ? (ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_block_bitmap_hi) << 32 : 0); } ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg) { return le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_inode_bitmap_lo) | (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ? (ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_inode_bitmap_hi) << 32 : 0); } ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_table(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg) { return le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_inode_table_lo) | (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ? (ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(bg->bg_inode_table_hi) << 32 : 0); } __u32 ext4_free_group_clusters(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg) { return le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_free_blocks_count_lo) | (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ? (__u32)le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_free_blocks_count_hi) << 16 : 0); } __u32 ext4_free_inodes_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg) { return le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_free_inodes_count_lo) | (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ? (__u32)le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_free_inodes_count_hi) << 16 : 0); } __u32 ext4_used_dirs_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg) { return le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_used_dirs_count_lo) | (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ? (__u32)le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_used_dirs_count_hi) << 16 : 0); } __u32 ext4_itable_unused_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg) { return le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_itable_unused_lo) | (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT ? (__u32)le16_to_cpu(bg->bg_itable_unused_hi) << 16 : 0); } void ext4_block_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { bg->bg_block_bitmap_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT) bg->bg_block_bitmap_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } void ext4_inode_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { bg->bg_inode_bitmap_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT) bg->bg_inode_bitmap_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } void ext4_inode_table_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { bg->bg_inode_table_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT) bg->bg_inode_table_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } void ext4_free_group_clusters_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count) { bg->bg_free_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le16((__u16)count); if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT) bg->bg_free_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le16(count >> 16); } void ext4_free_inodes_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count) { bg->bg_free_inodes_count_lo = cpu_to_le16((__u16)count); if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT) bg->bg_free_inodes_count_hi = cpu_to_le16(count >> 16); } void ext4_used_dirs_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count) { bg->bg_used_dirs_count_lo = cpu_to_le16((__u16)count); if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT) bg->bg_used_dirs_count_hi = cpu_to_le16(count >> 16); } void ext4_itable_unused_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count) { bg->bg_itable_unused_lo = cpu_to_le16((__u16)count); if (EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb) >= EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT) bg->bg_itable_unused_hi = cpu_to_le16(count >> 16); } static void __ext4_update_tstamp(__le32 *lo, __u8 *hi) { time64_t now = ktime_get_real_seconds(); now = clamp_val(now, 0, (1ull << 40) - 1); *lo = cpu_to_le32(lower_32_bits(now)); *hi = upper_32_bits(now); } static time64_t __ext4_get_tstamp(__le32 *lo, __u8 *hi) { return ((time64_t)(*hi) << 32) + le32_to_cpu(*lo); } #define ext4_update_tstamp(es, tstamp) \ __ext4_update_tstamp(&(es)->tstamp, &(es)->tstamp ## _hi) #define ext4_get_tstamp(es, tstamp) \ __ext4_get_tstamp(&(es)->tstamp, &(es)->tstamp ## _hi) static void __save_error_info(struct super_block *sb, int error, __u32 ino, __u64 block, const char *func, unsigned int line) { struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es; int err; EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state |= EXT4_ERROR_FS; if (bdev_read_only(sb->s_bdev)) return; es->s_state |= cpu_to_le16(EXT4_ERROR_FS); ext4_update_tstamp(es, s_last_error_time); strncpy(es->s_last_error_func, func, sizeof(es->s_last_error_func)); es->s_last_error_line = cpu_to_le32(line); es->s_last_error_ino = cpu_to_le32(ino); es->s_last_error_block = cpu_to_le64(block); switch (error) { case EIO: err = EXT4_ERR_EIO; break; case ENOMEM: err = EXT4_ERR_ENOMEM; break; case EFSBADCRC: err = EXT4_ERR_EFSBADCRC; break; case 0: case EFSCORRUPTED: err = EXT4_ERR_EFSCORRUPTED; break; case ENOSPC: err = EXT4_ERR_ENOSPC; break; case ENOKEY: err = EXT4_ERR_ENOKEY; break; case EROFS: err = EXT4_ERR_EROFS; break; case EFBIG: err = EXT4_ERR_EFBIG; break; case EEXIST: err = EXT4_ERR_EEXIST; break; case ERANGE: err = EXT4_ERR_ERANGE; break; case EOVERFLOW: err = EXT4_ERR_EOVERFLOW; break; case EBUSY: err = EXT4_ERR_EBUSY; break; case ENOTDIR: err = EXT4_ERR_ENOTDIR; break; case ENOTEMPTY: err = EXT4_ERR_ENOTEMPTY; break; case ESHUTDOWN: err = EXT4_ERR_ESHUTDOWN; break; case EFAULT: err = EXT4_ERR_EFAULT; break; default: err = EXT4_ERR_UNKNOWN; } es->s_last_error_errcode = err; if (!es->s_first_error_time) { es->s_first_error_time = es->s_last_error_time; es->s_first_error_time_hi = es->s_last_error_time_hi; strncpy(es->s_first_error_func, func, sizeof(es->s_first_error_func)); es->s_first_error_line = cpu_to_le32(line); es->s_first_error_ino = es->s_last_error_ino; es->s_first_error_block = es->s_last_error_block; es->s_first_error_errcode = es->s_last_error_errcode; } /* * Start the daily error reporting function if it hasn't been * started already */ if (!es->s_error_count) mod_timer(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_err_report, jiffies + 24*60*60*HZ); le32_add_cpu(&es->s_error_count, 1); } static void save_error_info(struct super_block *sb, int error, __u32 ino, __u64 block, const char *func, unsigned int line) { __save_error_info(sb, error, ino, block, func, line); if (!bdev_read_only(sb->s_bdev)) ext4_commit_super(sb, 1); } /* * The del_gendisk() function uninitializes the disk-specific data * structures, including the bdi structure, without telling anyone * else. Once this happens, any attempt to call mark_buffer_dirty() * (for example, by ext4_commit_super), will cause a kernel OOPS. * This is a kludge to prevent these oops until we can put in a proper * hook in del_gendisk() to inform the VFS and file system layers. */ static int block_device_ejected(struct super_block *sb) { struct inode *bd_inode = sb->s_bdev->bd_inode; struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(bd_inode); return bdi->dev == NULL; } static void ext4_journal_commit_callback(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *txn) { struct super_block *sb = journal->j_private; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); int error = is_journal_aborted(journal); struct ext4_journal_cb_entry *jce; BUG_ON(txn->t_state == T_FINISHED); ext4_process_freed_data(sb, txn->t_tid); spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock); while (!list_empty(&txn->t_private_list)) { jce = list_entry(txn->t_private_list.next, struct ext4_journal_cb_entry, jce_list); list_del_init(&jce->jce_list); spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock); jce->jce_func(sb, jce, error); spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock); } spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock); } /* * This writepage callback for write_cache_pages() * takes care of a few cases after page cleaning. * * write_cache_pages() already checks for dirty pages * and calls clear_page_dirty_for_io(), which we want, * to write protect the pages. * * However, we may have to redirty a page (see below.) */ static int ext4_journalled_writepage_callback(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc, void *data) { transaction_t *transaction = (transaction_t *) data; struct buffer_head *bh, *head; struct journal_head *jh; bh = head = page_buffers(page); do { /* * We have to redirty a page in these cases: * 1) If buffer is dirty, it means the page was dirty because it * contains a buffer that needs checkpointing. So the dirty bit * needs to be preserved so that checkpointing writes the buffer * properly. * 2) If buffer is not part of the committing transaction * (we may have just accidentally come across this buffer because * inode range tracking is not exact) or if the currently running * transaction already contains this buffer as well, dirty bit * needs to be preserved so that the buffer gets writeprotected * properly on running transaction's commit. */ jh = bh2jh(bh); if (buffer_dirty(bh) || (jh && (jh->b_transaction != transaction || jh->b_next_transaction))) { redirty_page_for_writepage(wbc, page); goto out; } } while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head); out: return AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE; } static int ext4_journalled_submit_inode_data_buffers(struct jbd2_inode *jinode) { struct address_space *mapping = jinode->i_vfs_inode->i_mapping; struct writeback_control wbc = { .sync_mode = WB_SYNC_ALL, .nr_to_write = LONG_MAX, .range_start = jinode->i_dirty_start, .range_end = jinode->i_dirty_end, }; return write_cache_pages(mapping, &wbc, ext4_journalled_writepage_callback, jinode->i_transaction); } static int ext4_journal_submit_inode_data_buffers(struct jbd2_inode *jinode) { int ret; if (ext4_should_journal_data(jinode->i_vfs_inode)) ret = ext4_journalled_submit_inode_data_buffers(jinode); else ret = jbd2_journal_submit_inode_data_buffers(jinode); return ret; } static int ext4_journal_finish_inode_data_buffers(struct jbd2_inode *jinode) { int ret = 0; if (!ext4_should_journal_data(jinode->i_vfs_inode)) ret = jbd2_journal_finish_inode_data_buffers(jinode); return ret; } static bool system_going_down(void) { return system_state == SYSTEM_HALT || system_state == SYSTEM_POWER_OFF || system_state == SYSTEM_RESTART; } /* Deal with the reporting of failure conditions on a filesystem such as * inconsistencies detected or read IO failures. * * On ext2, we can store the error state of the filesystem in the * superblock. That is not possible on ext4, because we may have other * write ordering constraints on the superblock which prevent us from * writing it out straight away; and given that the journal is about to * be aborted, we can't rely on the current, or future, transactions to * write out the superblock safely. * * We'll just use the jbd2_journal_abort() error code to record an error in * the journal instead. On recovery, the journal will complain about * that error until we've noted it down and cleared it. */ static void ext4_handle_error(struct super_block *sb) { journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal; if (test_opt(sb, WARN_ON_ERROR)) WARN_ON_ONCE(1); if (sb_rdonly(sb) || test_opt(sb, ERRORS_CONT)) return; ext4_set_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED); if (journal) jbd2_journal_abort(journal, -EIO); /* * We force ERRORS_RO behavior when system is rebooting. Otherwise we * could panic during 'reboot -f' as the underlying device got already * disabled. */ if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_RO) || system_going_down()) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "Remounting filesystem read-only"); /* * Make sure updated value of ->s_mount_flags will be visible * before ->s_flags update */ smp_wmb(); sb->s_flags |= SB_RDONLY; } else if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_PANIC)) { panic("EXT4-fs (device %s): panic forced after error\n", sb->s_id); } } #define ext4_error_ratelimit(sb) \ ___ratelimit(&(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_err_ratelimit_state), \ "EXT4-fs error") void __ext4_error(struct super_block *sb, const char *function, unsigned int line, int error, __u64 block, const char *fmt, ...) { struct va_format vaf; va_list args; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(sb)))) return; trace_ext4_error(sb, function, line); if (ext4_error_ratelimit(sb)) { va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: comm %s: %pV\n", sb->s_id, function, line, current->comm, &vaf); va_end(args); } save_error_info(sb, error, 0, block, function, line); ext4_handle_error(sb); } void __ext4_error_inode(struct inode *inode, const char *function, unsigned int line, ext4_fsblk_t block, int error, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; struct va_format vaf; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return; trace_ext4_error(inode->i_sb, function, line); if (ext4_error_ratelimit(inode->i_sb)) { va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; if (block) printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: " "inode #%lu: block %llu: comm %s: %pV\n", inode->i_sb->s_id, function, line, inode->i_ino, block, current->comm, &vaf); else printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: " "inode #%lu: comm %s: %pV\n", inode->i_sb->s_id, function, line, inode->i_ino, current->comm, &vaf); va_end(args); } save_error_info(inode->i_sb, error, inode->i_ino, block, function, line); ext4_handle_error(inode->i_sb); } void __ext4_error_file(struct file *file, const char *function, unsigned int line, ext4_fsblk_t block, const char *fmt, ...) { va_list args; struct va_format vaf; struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); char pathname[80], *path; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return; trace_ext4_error(inode->i_sb, function, line); if (ext4_error_ratelimit(inode->i_sb)) { path = file_path(file, pathname, sizeof(pathname)); if (IS_ERR(path)) path = "(unknown)"; va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; if (block) printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: inode #%lu: " "block %llu: comm %s: path %s: %pV\n", inode->i_sb->s_id, function, line, inode->i_ino, block, current->comm, path, &vaf); else printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: inode #%lu: " "comm %s: path %s: %pV\n", inode->i_sb->s_id, function, line, inode->i_ino, current->comm, path, &vaf); va_end(args); } save_error_info(inode->i_sb, EFSCORRUPTED, inode->i_ino, block, function, line); ext4_handle_error(inode->i_sb); } const char *ext4_decode_error(struct super_block *sb, int errno, char nbuf[16]) { char *errstr = NULL; switch (errno) { case -EFSCORRUPTED: errstr = "Corrupt filesystem"; break; case -EFSBADCRC: errstr = "Filesystem failed CRC"; break; case -EIO: errstr = "IO failure"; break; case -ENOMEM: errstr = "Out of memory"; break; case -EROFS: if (!sb || (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal && EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal->j_flags & JBD2_ABORT)) errstr = "Journal has aborted"; else errstr = "Readonly filesystem"; break; default: /* If the caller passed in an extra buffer for unknown * errors, textualise them now. Else we just return * NULL. */ if (nbuf) { /* Check for truncated error codes... */ if (snprintf(nbuf, 16, "error %d", -errno) >= 0) errstr = nbuf; } break; } return errstr; } /* __ext4_std_error decodes expected errors from journaling functions * automatically and invokes the appropriate error response. */ void __ext4_std_error(struct super_block *sb, const char *function, unsigned int line, int errno) { char nbuf[16]; const char *errstr; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(sb)))) return; /* Special case: if the error is EROFS, and we're not already * inside a transaction, then there's really no point in logging * an error. */ if (errno == -EROFS && journal_current_handle() == NULL && sb_rdonly(sb)) return; if (ext4_error_ratelimit(sb)) { errstr = ext4_decode_error(sb, errno, nbuf); printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s) in %s:%d: %s\n", sb->s_id, function, line, errstr); } save_error_info(sb, -errno, 0, 0, function, line); ext4_handle_error(sb); } /* * ext4_abort is a much stronger failure handler than ext4_error. The * abort function may be used to deal with unrecoverable failures such * as journal IO errors or ENOMEM at a critical moment in log management. * * We unconditionally force the filesystem into an ABORT|READONLY state, * unless the error response on the fs has been set to panic in which * case we take the easy way out and panic immediately. */ void __ext4_abort(struct super_block *sb, const char *function, unsigned int line, int error, const char *fmt, ...) { struct va_format vaf; va_list args; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(sb)))) return; save_error_info(sb, error, 0, 0, function, line); va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: %pV\n", sb->s_id, function, line, &vaf); va_end(args); if (sb_rdonly(sb) == 0) { ext4_set_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED); if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal) jbd2_journal_abort(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal, -EIO); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_CRIT, "Remounting filesystem read-only"); /* * Make sure updated value of ->s_mount_flags will be visible * before ->s_flags update */ smp_wmb(); sb->s_flags |= SB_RDONLY; } if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_PANIC) && !system_going_down()) panic("EXT4-fs panic from previous error\n"); } void __ext4_msg(struct super_block *sb, const char *prefix, const char *fmt, ...) { struct va_format vaf; va_list args; atomic_inc(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_msg_count); if (!___ratelimit(&(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_msg_ratelimit_state), "EXT4-fs")) return; va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; printk("%sEXT4-fs (%s): %pV\n", prefix, sb->s_id, &vaf); va_end(args); } static int ext4_warning_ratelimit(struct super_block *sb) { atomic_inc(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_warning_count); return ___ratelimit(&(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_warning_ratelimit_state), "EXT4-fs warning"); } void __ext4_warning(struct super_block *sb, const char *function, unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...) { struct va_format vaf; va_list args; if (!ext4_warning_ratelimit(sb)) return; va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; printk(KERN_WARNING "EXT4-fs warning (device %s): %s:%d: %pV\n", sb->s_id, function, line, &vaf); va_end(args); } void __ext4_warning_inode(const struct inode *inode, const char *function, unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...) { struct va_format vaf; va_list args; if (!ext4_warning_ratelimit(inode->i_sb)) return; va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; printk(KERN_WARNING "EXT4-fs warning (device %s): %s:%d: " "inode #%lu: comm %s: %pV\n", inode->i_sb->s_id, function, line, inode->i_ino, current->comm, &vaf); va_end(args); } void __ext4_grp_locked_error(const char *function, unsigned int line, struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t grp, unsigned long ino, ext4_fsblk_t block, const char *fmt, ...) __releases(bitlock) __acquires(bitlock) { struct va_format vaf; va_list args; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(sb)))) return; trace_ext4_error(sb, function, line); __save_error_info(sb, EFSCORRUPTED, ino, block, function, line); if (ext4_error_ratelimit(sb)) { va_start(args, fmt); vaf.fmt = fmt; vaf.va = &args; printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs error (device %s): %s:%d: group %u, ", sb->s_id, function, line, grp); if (ino) printk(KERN_CONT "inode %lu: ", ino); if (block) printk(KERN_CONT "block %llu:", (unsigned long long) block); printk(KERN_CONT "%pV\n", &vaf); va_end(args); } if (test_opt(sb, WARN_ON_ERROR)) WARN_ON_ONCE(1); if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_CONT)) { ext4_commit_super(sb, 0); return; } ext4_unlock_group(sb, grp); ext4_commit_super(sb, 1); ext4_handle_error(sb); /* * We only get here in the ERRORS_RO case; relocking the group * may be dangerous, but nothing bad will happen since the * filesystem will have already been marked read/only and the * journal has been aborted. We return 1 as a hint to callers * who might what to use the return value from * ext4_grp_locked_error() to distinguish between the * ERRORS_CONT and ERRORS_RO case, and perhaps return more * aggressively from the ext4 function in question, with a * more appropriate error code. */ ext4_lock_group(sb, grp); return; } void ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, unsigned int flags) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group); struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, NULL); int ret; if (flags & EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT) { ret = ext4_test_and_set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &grp->bb_state); if (!ret) percpu_counter_sub(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter, grp->bb_free); } if (flags & EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT) { ret = ext4_test_and_set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &grp->bb_state); if (!ret && gdp) { int count; count = ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, gdp); percpu_counter_sub(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter, count); } } } void ext4_update_dynamic_rev(struct super_block *sb) { struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es; if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_rev_level) > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) return; ext4_warning(sb, "updating to rev %d because of new feature flag, " "running e2fsck is recommended", EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV); es->s_first_ino = cpu_to_le32(EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO); es->s_inode_size = cpu_to_le16(EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE); es->s_rev_level = cpu_to_le32(EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV); /* leave es->s_feature_*compat flags alone */ /* es->s_uuid will be set by e2fsck if empty */ /* * The rest of the superblock fields should be zero, and if not it * means they are likely already in use, so leave them alone. We * can leave it up to e2fsck to clean up any inconsistencies there. */ } /* * Open the external journal device */ static struct block_device *ext4_blkdev_get(dev_t dev, struct super_block *sb) { struct block_device *bdev; bdev = blkdev_get_by_dev(dev, FMODE_READ|FMODE_WRITE|FMODE_EXCL, sb); if (IS_ERR(bdev)) goto fail; return bdev; fail: ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "failed to open journal device unknown-block(%u,%u) %ld", MAJOR(dev), MINOR(dev), PTR_ERR(bdev)); return NULL; } /* * Release the journal device */ static void ext4_blkdev_put(struct block_device *bdev) { blkdev_put(bdev, FMODE_READ|FMODE_WRITE|FMODE_EXCL); } static void ext4_blkdev_remove(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { struct block_device *bdev; bdev = sbi->s_journal_bdev; if (bdev) { ext4_blkdev_put(bdev); sbi->s_journal_bdev = NULL; } } static inline struct inode *orphan_list_entry(struct list_head *l) { return &list_entry(l, struct ext4_inode_info, i_orphan)->vfs_inode; } static void dump_orphan_list(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { struct list_head *l; ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "sb orphan head is %d", le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_last_orphan)); printk(KERN_ERR "sb_info orphan list:\n"); list_for_each(l, &sbi->s_orphan) { struct inode *inode = orphan_list_entry(l); printk(KERN_ERR " " "inode %s:%lu at %p: mode %o, nlink %d, next %d\n", inode->i_sb->s_id, inode->i_ino, inode, inode->i_mode, inode->i_nlink, NEXT_ORPHAN(inode)); } } #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA static int ext4_quota_off(struct super_block *sb, int type); static inline void ext4_quota_off_umount(struct super_block *sb) { int type; /* Use our quota_off function to clear inode flags etc. */ for (type = 0; type < EXT4_MAXQUOTAS; type++) ext4_quota_off(sb, type); } /* * This is a helper function which is used in the mount/remount * codepaths (which holds s_umount) to fetch the quota file name. */ static inline char *get_qf_name(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, int type) { return rcu_dereference_protected(sbi->s_qf_names[type], lockdep_is_held(&sb->s_umount)); } #else static inline void ext4_quota_off_umount(struct super_block *sb) { } #endif static void ext4_put_super(struct super_block *sb) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; struct buffer_head **group_desc; struct flex_groups **flex_groups; int aborted = 0; int i, err; ext4_unregister_li_request(sb); ext4_quota_off_umount(sb); destroy_workqueue(sbi->rsv_conversion_wq); /* * Unregister sysfs before destroying jbd2 journal. * Since we could still access attr_journal_task attribute via sysfs * path which could have sbi->s_journal->j_task as NULL */ ext4_unregister_sysfs(sb); if (sbi->s_journal) { aborted = is_journal_aborted(sbi->s_journal); err = jbd2_journal_destroy(sbi->s_journal); sbi->s_journal = NULL; if ((err < 0) && !aborted) { ext4_abort(sb, -err, "Couldn't clean up the journal"); } } ext4_es_unregister_shrinker(sbi); del_timer_sync(&sbi->s_err_report); ext4_release_system_zone(sb); ext4_mb_release(sb); ext4_ext_release(sb); if (!sb_rdonly(sb) && !aborted) { ext4_clear_feature_journal_needs_recovery(sb); es->s_state = cpu_to_le16(sbi->s_mount_state); } if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) ext4_commit_super(sb, 1); rcu_read_lock(); group_desc = rcu_dereference(sbi->s_group_desc); for (i = 0; i < sbi->s_gdb_count; i++) brelse(group_desc[i]); kvfree(group_desc); flex_groups = rcu_dereference(sbi->s_flex_groups); if (flex_groups) { for (i = 0; i < sbi->s_flex_groups_allocated; i++) kvfree(flex_groups[i]); kvfree(flex_groups); } rcu_read_unlock(); percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter); percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter); percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_dirs_counter); percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter); percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_sra_exceeded_retry_limit); percpu_free_rwsem(&sbi->s_writepages_rwsem); #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA for (i = 0; i < EXT4_MAXQUOTAS; i++) kfree(get_qf_name(sb, sbi, i)); #endif /* Debugging code just in case the in-memory inode orphan list * isn't empty. The on-disk one can be non-empty if we've * detected an error and taken the fs readonly, but the * in-memory list had better be clean by this point. */ if (!list_empty(&sbi->s_orphan)) dump_orphan_list(sb, sbi); J_ASSERT(list_empty(&sbi->s_orphan)); sync_blockdev(sb->s_bdev); invalidate_bdev(sb->s_bdev); if (sbi->s_journal_bdev && sbi->s_journal_bdev != sb->s_bdev) { /* * Invalidate the journal device's buffers. We don't want them * floating about in memory - the physical journal device may * hotswapped, and it breaks the `ro-after' testing code. */ sync_blockdev(sbi->s_journal_bdev); invalidate_bdev(sbi->s_journal_bdev); ext4_blkdev_remove(sbi); } ext4_xattr_destroy_cache(sbi->s_ea_inode_cache); sbi->s_ea_inode_cache = NULL; ext4_xattr_destroy_cache(sbi->s_ea_block_cache); sbi->s_ea_block_cache = NULL; ext4_stop_mmpd(sbi); brelse(sbi->s_sbh); sb->s_fs_info = NULL; /* * Now that we are completely done shutting down the * superblock, we need to actually destroy the kobject. */ kobject_put(&sbi->s_kobj); wait_for_completion(&sbi->s_kobj_unregister); if (sbi->s_chksum_driver) crypto_free_shash(sbi->s_chksum_driver); kfree(sbi->s_blockgroup_lock); fs_put_dax(sbi->s_daxdev); fscrypt_free_dummy_policy(&sbi->s_dummy_enc_policy); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE utf8_unload(sb->s_encoding); #endif kfree(sbi); } static struct kmem_cache *ext4_inode_cachep; /* * Called inside transaction, so use GFP_NOFS */ static struct inode *ext4_alloc_inode(struct super_block *sb) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei; ei = kmem_cache_alloc(ext4_inode_cachep, GFP_NOFS); if (!ei) return NULL; inode_set_iversion(&ei->vfs_inode, 1); spin_lock_init(&ei->i_raw_lock); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ei->i_prealloc_list); atomic_set(&ei->i_prealloc_active, 0); spin_lock_init(&ei->i_prealloc_lock); ext4_es_init_tree(&ei->i_es_tree); rwlock_init(&ei->i_es_lock); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ei->i_es_list); ei->i_es_all_nr = 0; ei->i_es_shk_nr = 0; ei->i_es_shrink_lblk = 0; ei->i_reserved_data_blocks = 0; spin_lock_init(&(ei->i_block_reservation_lock)); ext4_init_pending_tree(&ei->i_pending_tree); #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA ei->i_reserved_quota = 0; memset(&ei->i_dquot, 0, sizeof(ei->i_dquot)); #endif ei->jinode = NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ei->i_rsv_conversion_list); spin_lock_init(&ei->i_completed_io_lock); ei->i_sync_tid = 0; ei->i_datasync_tid = 0; atomic_set(&ei->i_unwritten, 0); INIT_WORK(&ei->i_rsv_conversion_work, ext4_end_io_rsv_work); ext4_fc_init_inode(&ei->vfs_inode); mutex_init(&ei->i_fc_lock); return &ei->vfs_inode; } static int ext4_drop_inode(struct inode *inode) { int drop = generic_drop_inode(inode); if (!drop) drop = fscrypt_drop_inode(inode); trace_ext4_drop_inode(inode, drop); return drop; } static void ext4_free_in_core_inode(struct inode *inode) { fscrypt_free_inode(inode); if (!list_empty(&(EXT4_I(inode)->i_fc_list))) { pr_warn("%s: inode %ld still in fc list", __func__, inode->i_ino); } kmem_cache_free(ext4_inode_cachep, EXT4_I(inode)); } static void ext4_destroy_inode(struct inode *inode) { if (!list_empty(&(EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan))) { ext4_msg(inode->i_sb, KERN_ERR, "Inode %lu (%p): orphan list check failed!", inode->i_ino, EXT4_I(inode)); print_hex_dump(KERN_INFO, "", DUMP_PREFIX_ADDRESS, 16, 4, EXT4_I(inode), sizeof(struct ext4_inode_info), true); dump_stack(); } if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_reserved_data_blocks) ext4_msg(inode->i_sb, KERN_ERR, "Inode %lu (%p): i_reserved_data_blocks (%u) not cleared!", inode->i_ino, EXT4_I(inode), EXT4_I(inode)->i_reserved_data_blocks); } static void init_once(void *foo) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = (struct ext4_inode_info *) foo; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ei->i_orphan); init_rwsem(&ei->xattr_sem); init_rwsem(&ei->i_data_sem); init_rwsem(&ei->i_mmap_sem); inode_init_once(&ei->vfs_inode); ext4_fc_init_inode(&ei->vfs_inode); } static int __init init_inodecache(void) { ext4_inode_cachep = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("ext4_inode_cache", sizeof(struct ext4_inode_info), 0, (SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT|SLAB_MEM_SPREAD| SLAB_ACCOUNT), offsetof(struct ext4_inode_info, i_data), sizeof_field(struct ext4_inode_info, i_data), init_once); if (ext4_inode_cachep == NULL) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } static void destroy_inodecache(void) { /* * Make sure all delayed rcu free inodes are flushed before we * destroy cache. */ rcu_barrier(); kmem_cache_destroy(ext4_inode_cachep); } void ext4_clear_inode(struct inode *inode) { ext4_fc_del(inode); invalidate_inode_buffers(inode); clear_inode(inode); ext4_discard_preallocations(inode, 0); ext4_es_remove_extent(inode, 0, EXT_MAX_BLOCKS); dquot_drop(inode); if (EXT4_I(inode)->jinode) { jbd2_journal_release_jbd_inode(EXT4_JOURNAL(inode), EXT4_I(inode)->jinode); jbd2_free_inode(EXT4_I(inode)->jinode); EXT4_I(inode)->jinode = NULL; } fscrypt_put_encryption_info(inode); fsverity_cleanup_inode(inode); } static struct inode *ext4_nfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb, u64 ino, u32 generation) { struct inode *inode; /* * Currently we don't know the generation for parent directory, so * a generation of 0 means "accept any" */ inode = ext4_iget(sb, ino, EXT4_IGET_HANDLE); if (IS_ERR(inode)) return ERR_CAST(inode); if (generation && inode->i_generation != generation) { iput(inode); return ERR_PTR(-ESTALE); } return inode; } static struct dentry *ext4_fh_to_dentry(struct super_block *sb, struct fid *fid, int fh_len, int fh_type) { return generic_fh_to_dentry(sb, fid, fh_len, fh_type, ext4_nfs_get_inode); } static struct dentry *ext4_fh_to_parent(struct super_block *sb, struct fid *fid, int fh_len, int fh_type) { return generic_fh_to_parent(sb, fid, fh_len, fh_type, ext4_nfs_get_inode); } static int ext4_nfs_commit_metadata(struct inode *inode) { struct writeback_control wbc = { .sync_mode = WB_SYNC_ALL }; trace_ext4_nfs_commit_metadata(inode); return ext4_write_inode(inode, &wbc); } /* * Try to release metadata pages (indirect blocks, directories) which are * mapped via the block device. Since these pages could have journal heads * which would prevent try_to_free_buffers() from freeing them, we must use * jbd2 layer's try_to_free_buffers() function to release them. */ static int bdev_try_to_free_page(struct super_block *sb, struct page *page, gfp_t wait) { journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal; WARN_ON(PageChecked(page)); if (!page_has_buffers(page)) return 0; if (journal) return jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal, page); return try_to_free_buffers(page); } #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION static int ext4_get_context(struct inode *inode, void *ctx, size_t len) { return ext4_xattr_get(inode, EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_ENCRYPTION, EXT4_XATTR_NAME_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT, ctx, len); } static int ext4_set_context(struct inode *inode, const void *ctx, size_t len, void *fs_data) { handle_t *handle = fs_data; int res, res2, credits, retries = 0; /* * Encrypting the root directory is not allowed because e2fsck expects * lost+found to exist and be unencrypted, and encrypting the root * directory would imply encrypting the lost+found directory as well as * the filename "lost+found" itself. */ if (inode->i_ino == EXT4_ROOT_INO) return -EPERM; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_DAX(inode) && i_size_read(inode))) return -EINVAL; if (ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_DAX)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; res = ext4_convert_inline_data(inode); if (res) return res; /* * If a journal handle was specified, then the encryption context is * being set on a new inode via inheritance and is part of a larger * transaction to create the inode. Otherwise the encryption context is * being set on an existing inode in its own transaction. Only in the * latter case should the "retry on ENOSPC" logic be used. */ if (handle) { res = ext4_xattr_set_handle(handle, inode, EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_ENCRYPTION, EXT4_XATTR_NAME_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT, ctx, len, 0); if (!res) { ext4_set_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_ENCRYPT); ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA); /* * Update inode->i_flags - S_ENCRYPTED will be enabled, * S_DAX may be disabled */ ext4_set_inode_flags(inode, false); } return res; } res = dquot_initialize(inode); if (res) return res; retry: res = ext4_xattr_set_credits(inode, len, false /* is_create */, &credits); if (res) return res; handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_MISC, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); res = ext4_xattr_set_handle(handle, inode, EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_ENCRYPTION, EXT4_XATTR_NAME_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT, ctx, len, 0); if (!res) { ext4_set_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_ENCRYPT); /* * Update inode->i_flags - S_ENCRYPTED will be enabled, * S_DAX may be disabled */ ext4_set_inode_flags(inode, false); res = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (res) EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "Failed to mark inode dirty"); } res2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (res == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; if (!res) res = res2; return res; } static const union fscrypt_policy *ext4_get_dummy_policy(struct super_block *sb) { return EXT4_SB(sb)->s_dummy_enc_policy.policy; } static bool ext4_has_stable_inodes(struct super_block *sb) { return ext4_has_feature_stable_inodes(sb); } static void ext4_get_ino_and_lblk_bits(struct super_block *sb, int *ino_bits_ret, int *lblk_bits_ret) { *ino_bits_ret = 8 * sizeof(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_inodes_count); *lblk_bits_ret = 8 * sizeof(ext4_lblk_t); } static const struct fscrypt_operations ext4_cryptops = { .key_prefix = "ext4:", .get_context = ext4_get_context, .set_context = ext4_set_context, .get_dummy_policy = ext4_get_dummy_policy, .empty_dir = ext4_empty_dir, .max_namelen = EXT4_NAME_LEN, .has_stable_inodes = ext4_has_stable_inodes, .get_ino_and_lblk_bits = ext4_get_ino_and_lblk_bits, }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA static const char * const quotatypes[] = INITQFNAMES; #define QTYPE2NAME(t) (quotatypes[t]) static int ext4_write_dquot(struct dquot *dquot); static int ext4_acquire_dquot(struct dquot *dquot); static int ext4_release_dquot(struct dquot *dquot); static int ext4_mark_dquot_dirty(struct dquot *dquot); static int ext4_write_info(struct super_block *sb, int type); static int ext4_quota_on(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, const struct path *path); static int ext4_quota_on_mount(struct super_block *sb, int type); static ssize_t ext4_quota_read(struct super_block *sb, int type, char *data, size_t len, loff_t off); static ssize_t ext4_quota_write(struct super_block *sb, int type, const char *data, size_t len, loff_t off); static int ext4_quota_enable(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags); static int ext4_enable_quotas(struct super_block *sb); static struct dquot **ext4_get_dquots(struct inode *inode) { return EXT4_I(inode)->i_dquot; } static const struct dquot_operations ext4_quota_operations = { .get_reserved_space = ext4_get_reserved_space, .write_dquot = ext4_write_dquot, .acquire_dquot = ext4_acquire_dquot, .release_dquot = ext4_release_dquot, .mark_dirty = ext4_mark_dquot_dirty, .write_info = ext4_write_info, .alloc_dquot = dquot_alloc, .destroy_dquot = dquot_destroy, .get_projid = ext4_get_projid, .get_inode_usage = ext4_get_inode_usage, .get_next_id = dquot_get_next_id, }; static const struct quotactl_ops ext4_qctl_operations = { .quota_on = ext4_quota_on, .quota_off = ext4_quota_off, .quota_sync = dquot_quota_sync, .get_state = dquot_get_state, .set_info = dquot_set_dqinfo, .get_dqblk = dquot_get_dqblk, .set_dqblk = dquot_set_dqblk, .get_nextdqblk = dquot_get_next_dqblk, }; #endif static const struct super_operations ext4_sops = { .alloc_inode = ext4_alloc_inode, .free_inode = ext4_free_in_core_inode, .destroy_inode = ext4_destroy_inode, .write_inode = ext4_write_inode, .dirty_inode = ext4_dirty_inode, .drop_inode = ext4_drop_inode, .evict_inode = ext4_evict_inode, .put_super = ext4_put_super, .sync_fs = ext4_sync_fs, .freeze_fs = ext4_freeze, .unfreeze_fs = ext4_unfreeze, .statfs = ext4_statfs, .remount_fs = ext4_remount, .show_options = ext4_show_options, #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA .quota_read = ext4_quota_read, .quota_write = ext4_quota_write, .get_dquots = ext4_get_dquots, #endif .bdev_try_to_free_page = bdev_try_to_free_page, }; static const struct export_operations ext4_export_ops = { .fh_to_dentry = ext4_fh_to_dentry, .fh_to_parent = ext4_fh_to_parent, .get_parent = ext4_get_parent, .commit_metadata = ext4_nfs_commit_metadata, }; enum { Opt_bsd_df, Opt_minix_df, Opt_grpid, Opt_nogrpid, Opt_resgid, Opt_resuid, Opt_sb, Opt_err_cont, Opt_err_panic, Opt_err_ro, Opt_nouid32, Opt_debug, Opt_removed, Opt_user_xattr, Opt_nouser_xattr, Opt_acl, Opt_noacl, Opt_auto_da_alloc, Opt_noauto_da_alloc, Opt_noload, Opt_commit, Opt_min_batch_time, Opt_max_batch_time, Opt_journal_dev, Opt_journal_path, Opt_journal_checksum, Opt_journal_async_commit, Opt_abort, Opt_data_journal, Opt_data_ordered, Opt_data_writeback, Opt_data_err_abort, Opt_data_err_ignore, Opt_test_dummy_encryption, Opt_inlinecrypt, Opt_usrjquota, Opt_grpjquota, Opt_offusrjquota, Opt_offgrpjquota, Opt_jqfmt_vfsold, Opt_jqfmt_vfsv0, Opt_jqfmt_vfsv1, Opt_quota, Opt_noquota, Opt_barrier, Opt_nobarrier, Opt_err, Opt_usrquota, Opt_grpquota, Opt_prjquota, Opt_i_version, Opt_dax, Opt_dax_always, Opt_dax_inode, Opt_dax_never, Opt_stripe, Opt_delalloc, Opt_nodelalloc, Opt_warn_on_error, Opt_nowarn_on_error, Opt_mblk_io_submit, Opt_lazytime, Opt_nolazytime, Opt_debug_want_extra_isize, Opt_nomblk_io_submit, Opt_block_validity, Opt_noblock_validity, Opt_inode_readahead_blks, Opt_journal_ioprio, Opt_dioread_nolock, Opt_dioread_lock, Opt_discard, Opt_nodiscard, Opt_init_itable, Opt_noinit_itable, Opt_max_dir_size_kb, Opt_nojournal_checksum, Opt_nombcache, Opt_prefetch_block_bitmaps, #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG Opt_fc_debug_max_replay, Opt_fc_debug_force #endif }; static const match_table_t tokens = { {Opt_bsd_df, "bsddf"}, {Opt_minix_df, "minixdf"}, {Opt_grpid, "grpid"}, {Opt_grpid, "bsdgroups"}, {Opt_nogrpid, "nogrpid"}, {Opt_nogrpid, "sysvgroups"}, {Opt_resgid, "resgid=%u"}, {Opt_resuid, "resuid=%u"}, {Opt_sb, "sb=%u"}, {Opt_err_cont, "errors=continue"}, {Opt_err_panic, "errors=panic"}, {Opt_err_ro, "errors=remount-ro"}, {Opt_nouid32, "nouid32"}, {Opt_debug, "debug"}, {Opt_removed, "oldalloc"}, {Opt_removed, "orlov"}, {Opt_user_xattr, "user_xattr"}, {Opt_nouser_xattr, "nouser_xattr"}, {Opt_acl, "acl"}, {Opt_noacl, "noacl"}, {Opt_noload, "norecovery"}, {Opt_noload, "noload"}, {Opt_removed, "nobh"}, {Opt_removed, "bh"}, {Opt_commit, "commit=%u"}, {Opt_min_batch_time, "min_batch_time=%u"}, {Opt_max_batch_time, "max_batch_time=%u"}, {Opt_journal_dev, "journal_dev=%u"}, {Opt_journal_path, "journal_path=%s"}, {Opt_journal_checksum, "journal_checksum"}, {Opt_nojournal_checksum, "nojournal_checksum"}, {Opt_journal_async_commit, "journal_async_commit"}, {Opt_abort, "abort"}, {Opt_data_journal, "data=journal"}, {Opt_data_ordered, "data=ordered"}, {Opt_data_writeback, "data=writeback"}, {Opt_data_err_abort, "data_err=abort"}, {Opt_data_err_ignore, "data_err=ignore"}, {Opt_offusrjquota, "usrjquota="}, {Opt_usrjquota, "usrjquota=%s"}, {Opt_offgrpjquota, "grpjquota="}, {Opt_grpjquota, "grpjquota=%s"}, {Opt_jqfmt_vfsold, "jqfmt=vfsold"}, {Opt_jqfmt_vfsv0, "jqfmt=vfsv0"}, {Opt_jqfmt_vfsv1, "jqfmt=vfsv1"}, {Opt_grpquota, "grpquota"}, {Opt_noquota, "noquota"}, {Opt_quota, "quota"}, {Opt_usrquota, "usrquota"}, {Opt_prjquota, "prjquota"}, {Opt_barrier, "barrier=%u"}, {Opt_barrier, "barrier"}, {Opt_nobarrier, "nobarrier"}, {Opt_i_version, "i_version"}, {Opt_dax, "dax"}, {Opt_dax_always, "dax=always"}, {Opt_dax_inode, "dax=inode"}, {Opt_dax_never, "dax=never"}, {Opt_stripe, "stripe=%u"}, {Opt_delalloc, "delalloc"}, {Opt_warn_on_error, "warn_on_error"}, {Opt_nowarn_on_error, "nowarn_on_error"}, {Opt_lazytime, "lazytime"}, {Opt_nolazytime, "nolazytime"}, {Opt_debug_want_extra_isize, "debug_want_extra_isize=%u"}, {Opt_nodelalloc, "nodelalloc"}, {Opt_removed, "mblk_io_submit"}, {Opt_removed, "nomblk_io_submit"}, {Opt_block_validity, "block_validity"}, {Opt_noblock_validity, "noblock_validity"}, {Opt_inode_readahead_blks, "inode_readahead_blks=%u"}, {Opt_journal_ioprio, "journal_ioprio=%u"}, {Opt_auto_da_alloc, "auto_da_alloc=%u"}, {Opt_auto_da_alloc, "auto_da_alloc"}, {Opt_noauto_da_alloc, "noauto_da_alloc"}, {Opt_dioread_nolock, "dioread_nolock"}, {Opt_dioread_lock, "nodioread_nolock"}, {Opt_dioread_lock, "dioread_lock"}, {Opt_discard, "discard"}, {Opt_nodiscard, "nodiscard"}, {Opt_init_itable, "init_itable=%u"}, {Opt_init_itable, "init_itable"}, {Opt_noinit_itable, "noinit_itable"}, #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG {Opt_fc_debug_force, "fc_debug_force"}, {Opt_fc_debug_max_replay, "fc_debug_max_replay=%u"}, #endif {Opt_max_dir_size_kb, "max_dir_size_kb=%u"}, {Opt_test_dummy_encryption, "test_dummy_encryption=%s"}, {Opt_test_dummy_encryption, "test_dummy_encryption"}, {Opt_inlinecrypt, "inlinecrypt"}, {Opt_nombcache, "nombcache"}, {Opt_nombcache, "no_mbcache"}, /* for backward compatibility */ {Opt_prefetch_block_bitmaps, "prefetch_block_bitmaps"}, {Opt_removed, "check=none"}, /* mount option from ext2/3 */ {Opt_removed, "nocheck"}, /* mount option from ext2/3 */ {Opt_removed, "reservation"}, /* mount option from ext2/3 */ {Opt_removed, "noreservation"}, /* mount option from ext2/3 */ {Opt_removed, "journal=%u"}, /* mount option from ext2/3 */ {Opt_err, NULL}, }; static ext4_fsblk_t get_sb_block(void **data) { ext4_fsblk_t sb_block; char *options = (char *) *data; if (!options || strncmp(options, "sb=", 3) != 0) return 1; /* Default location */ options += 3; /* TODO: use simple_strtoll with >32bit ext4 */ sb_block = simple_strtoul(options, &options, 0); if (*options && *options != ',') { printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: Invalid sb specification: %s\n", (char *) *data); return 1; } if (*options == ',') options++; *data = (void *) options; return sb_block; } #define DEFAULT_JOURNAL_IOPRIO (IOPRIO_PRIO_VALUE(IOPRIO_CLASS_BE, 3)) static const char deprecated_msg[] = "Mount option \"%s\" will be removed by %s\n" "Contact linux-ext4@vger.kernel.org if you think we should keep it.\n"; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA static int set_qf_name(struct super_block *sb, int qtype, substring_t *args) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); char *qname, *old_qname = get_qf_name(sb, sbi, qtype); int ret = -1; if (sb_any_quota_loaded(sb) && !old_qname) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot change journaled " "quota options when quota turned on"); return -1; } if (ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "Journaled quota options " "ignored when QUOTA feature is enabled"); return 1; } qname = match_strdup(args); if (!qname) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Not enough memory for storing quotafile name"); return -1; } if (old_qname) { if (strcmp(old_qname, qname) == 0) ret = 1; else ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "%s quota file already specified", QTYPE2NAME(qtype)); goto errout; } if (strchr(qname, '/')) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "quotafile must be on filesystem root"); goto errout; } rcu_assign_pointer(sbi->s_qf_names[qtype], qname); set_opt(sb, QUOTA); return 1; errout: kfree(qname); return ret; } static int clear_qf_name(struct super_block *sb, int qtype) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); char *old_qname = get_qf_name(sb, sbi, qtype); if (sb_any_quota_loaded(sb) && old_qname) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot change journaled quota options" " when quota turned on"); return -1; } rcu_assign_pointer(sbi->s_qf_names[qtype], NULL); synchronize_rcu(); kfree(old_qname); return 1; } #endif #define MOPT_SET 0x0001 #define MOPT_CLEAR 0x0002 #define MOPT_NOSUPPORT 0x0004 #define MOPT_EXPLICIT 0x0008 #define MOPT_CLEAR_ERR 0x0010 #define MOPT_GTE0 0x0020 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA #define MOPT_Q 0 #define MOPT_QFMT 0x0040 #else #define MOPT_Q MOPT_NOSUPPORT #define MOPT_QFMT MOPT_NOSUPPORT #endif #define MOPT_DATAJ 0x0080 #define MOPT_NO_EXT2 0x0100 #define MOPT_NO_EXT3 0x0200 #define MOPT_EXT4_ONLY (MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_NO_EXT3) #define MOPT_STRING 0x0400 #define MOPT_SKIP 0x0800 #define MOPT_2 0x1000 static const struct mount_opts { int token; int mount_opt; int flags; } ext4_mount_opts[] = { {Opt_minix_df, EXT4_MOUNT_MINIX_DF, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_bsd_df, EXT4_MOUNT_MINIX_DF, MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_grpid, EXT4_MOUNT_GRPID, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_nogrpid, EXT4_MOUNT_GRPID, MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_block_validity, EXT4_MOUNT_BLOCK_VALIDITY, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_noblock_validity, EXT4_MOUNT_BLOCK_VALIDITY, MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_dioread_nolock, EXT4_MOUNT_DIOREAD_NOLOCK, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET}, {Opt_dioread_lock, EXT4_MOUNT_DIOREAD_NOLOCK, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_discard, EXT4_MOUNT_DISCARD, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_nodiscard, EXT4_MOUNT_DISCARD, MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_delalloc, EXT4_MOUNT_DELALLOC, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET | MOPT_EXPLICIT}, {Opt_nodelalloc, EXT4_MOUNT_DELALLOC, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_warn_on_error, EXT4_MOUNT_WARN_ON_ERROR, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_nowarn_on_error, EXT4_MOUNT_WARN_ON_ERROR, MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_nojournal_checksum, EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_journal_checksum, EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET | MOPT_EXPLICIT}, {Opt_journal_async_commit, (EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_ASYNC_COMMIT | EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM), MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET | MOPT_EXPLICIT}, {Opt_noload, EXT4_MOUNT_NOLOAD, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_SET}, {Opt_err_panic, EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_PANIC, MOPT_SET | MOPT_CLEAR_ERR}, {Opt_err_ro, EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_RO, MOPT_SET | MOPT_CLEAR_ERR}, {Opt_err_cont, EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_CONT, MOPT_SET | MOPT_CLEAR_ERR}, {Opt_data_err_abort, EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_ERR_ABORT, MOPT_NO_EXT2}, {Opt_data_err_ignore, EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_ERR_ABORT, MOPT_NO_EXT2}, {Opt_barrier, EXT4_MOUNT_BARRIER, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_nobarrier, EXT4_MOUNT_BARRIER, MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_noauto_da_alloc, EXT4_MOUNT_NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_auto_da_alloc, EXT4_MOUNT_NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC, MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_noinit_itable, EXT4_MOUNT_INIT_INODE_TABLE, MOPT_CLEAR}, {Opt_commit, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_max_batch_time, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_min_batch_time, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_inode_readahead_blks, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_init_itable, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_dax, EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS, MOPT_SET | MOPT_SKIP}, {Opt_dax_always, EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET | MOPT_SKIP}, {Opt_dax_inode, EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_INODE, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET | MOPT_SKIP}, {Opt_dax_never, EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER, MOPT_EXT4_ONLY | MOPT_SET | MOPT_SKIP}, {Opt_stripe, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_resuid, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_resgid, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_journal_dev, 0, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_journal_path, 0, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_STRING}, {Opt_journal_ioprio, 0, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_data_journal, EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_DATAJ}, {Opt_data_ordered, EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_DATAJ}, {Opt_data_writeback, EXT4_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA, MOPT_NO_EXT2 | MOPT_DATAJ}, {Opt_user_xattr, EXT4_MOUNT_XATTR_USER, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_nouser_xattr, EXT4_MOUNT_XATTR_USER, MOPT_CLEAR}, #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_FS_POSIX_ACL {Opt_acl, EXT4_MOUNT_POSIX_ACL, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_noacl, EXT4_MOUNT_POSIX_ACL, MOPT_CLEAR}, #else {Opt_acl, 0, MOPT_NOSUPPORT}, {Opt_noacl, 0, MOPT_NOSUPPORT}, #endif {Opt_nouid32, EXT4_MOUNT_NO_UID32, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_debug, EXT4_MOUNT_DEBUG, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_debug_want_extra_isize, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_quota, EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_USRQUOTA, MOPT_SET | MOPT_Q}, {Opt_usrquota, EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_USRQUOTA, MOPT_SET | MOPT_Q}, {Opt_grpquota, EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_GRPQUOTA, MOPT_SET | MOPT_Q}, {Opt_prjquota, EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_PRJQUOTA, MOPT_SET | MOPT_Q}, {Opt_noquota, (EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_USRQUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_GRPQUOTA | EXT4_MOUNT_PRJQUOTA), MOPT_CLEAR | MOPT_Q}, {Opt_usrjquota, 0, MOPT_Q | MOPT_STRING}, {Opt_grpjquota, 0, MOPT_Q | MOPT_STRING}, {Opt_offusrjquota, 0, MOPT_Q}, {Opt_offgrpjquota, 0, MOPT_Q}, {Opt_jqfmt_vfsold, QFMT_VFS_OLD, MOPT_QFMT}, {Opt_jqfmt_vfsv0, QFMT_VFS_V0, MOPT_QFMT}, {Opt_jqfmt_vfsv1, QFMT_VFS_V1, MOPT_QFMT}, {Opt_max_dir_size_kb, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, {Opt_test_dummy_encryption, 0, MOPT_STRING}, {Opt_nombcache, EXT4_MOUNT_NO_MBCACHE, MOPT_SET}, {Opt_prefetch_block_bitmaps, EXT4_MOUNT_PREFETCH_BLOCK_BITMAPS, MOPT_SET}, #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG {Opt_fc_debug_force, EXT4_MOUNT2_JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT, MOPT_SET | MOPT_2 | MOPT_EXT4_ONLY}, {Opt_fc_debug_max_replay, 0, MOPT_GTE0}, #endif {Opt_err, 0, 0} }; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE static const struct ext4_sb_encodings { __u16 magic; char *name; char *version; } ext4_sb_encoding_map[] = { {EXT4_ENC_UTF8_12_1, "utf8", "12.1.0"}, }; static int ext4_sb_read_encoding(const struct ext4_super_block *es, const struct ext4_sb_encodings **encoding, __u16 *flags) { __u16 magic = le16_to_cpu(es->s_encoding); int i; for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(ext4_sb_encoding_map); i++) if (magic == ext4_sb_encoding_map[i].magic) break; if (i >= ARRAY_SIZE(ext4_sb_encoding_map)) return -EINVAL; *encoding = &ext4_sb_encoding_map[i]; *flags = le16_to_cpu(es->s_encoding_flags); return 0; } #endif static int ext4_set_test_dummy_encryption(struct super_block *sb, const char *opt, const substring_t *arg, bool is_remount) { #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); int err; /* * This mount option is just for testing, and it's not worthwhile to * implement the extra complexity (e.g. RCU protection) that would be * needed to allow it to be set or changed during remount. We do allow * it to be specified during remount, but only if there is no change. */ if (is_remount && !sbi->s_dummy_enc_policy.policy) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Can't set test_dummy_encryption on remount"); return -1; } err = fscrypt_set_test_dummy_encryption(sb, arg->from, &sbi->s_dummy_enc_policy); if (err) { if (err == -EEXIST) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Can't change test_dummy_encryption on remount"); else if (err == -EINVAL) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Value of option \"%s\" is unrecognized", opt); else ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Error processing option \"%s\" [%d]", opt, err); return -1; } ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Test dummy encryption mode enabled"); #else ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Test dummy encryption mount option ignored"); #endif return 1; } static int handle_mount_opt(struct super_block *sb, char *opt, int token, substring_t *args, unsigned long *journal_devnum, unsigned int *journal_ioprio, int is_remount) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); const struct mount_opts *m; kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; int arg = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA if (token == Opt_usrjquota) return set_qf_name(sb, USRQUOTA, &args[0]); else if (token == Opt_grpjquota) return set_qf_name(sb, GRPQUOTA, &args[0]); else if (token == Opt_offusrjquota) return clear_qf_name(sb, USRQUOTA); else if (token == Opt_offgrpjquota) return clear_qf_name(sb, GRPQUOTA); #endif switch (token) { case Opt_noacl: case Opt_nouser_xattr: ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, deprecated_msg, opt, "3.5"); break; case Opt_sb: return 1; /* handled by get_sb_block() */ case Opt_removed: ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Ignoring removed %s option", opt); return 1; case Opt_abort: ext4_set_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED); return 1; case Opt_i_version: sb->s_flags |= SB_I_VERSION; return 1; case Opt_lazytime: sb->s_flags |= SB_LAZYTIME; return 1; case Opt_nolazytime: sb->s_flags &= ~SB_LAZYTIME; return 1; case Opt_inlinecrypt: #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION_INLINE_CRYPT sb->s_flags |= SB_INLINECRYPT; #else ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "inline encryption not supported"); #endif return 1; } for (m = ext4_mount_opts; m->token != Opt_err; m++) if (token == m->token) break; if (m->token == Opt_err) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Unrecognized mount option \"%s\" " "or missing value", opt); return -1; } if ((m->flags & MOPT_NO_EXT2) && IS_EXT2_SB(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Mount option \"%s\" incompatible with ext2", opt); return -1; } if ((m->flags & MOPT_NO_EXT3) && IS_EXT3_SB(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Mount option \"%s\" incompatible with ext3", opt); return -1; } if (args->from && !(m->flags & MOPT_STRING) && match_int(args, &arg)) return -1; if (args->from && (m->flags & MOPT_GTE0) && (arg < 0)) return -1; if (m->flags & MOPT_EXPLICIT) { if (m->mount_opt & EXT4_MOUNT_DELALLOC) { set_opt2(sb, EXPLICIT_DELALLOC); } else if (m->mount_opt & EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM) { set_opt2(sb, EXPLICIT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM); } else return -1; } if (m->flags & MOPT_CLEAR_ERR) clear_opt(sb, ERRORS_MASK); if (token == Opt_noquota && sb_any_quota_loaded(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot change quota " "options when quota turned on"); return -1; } if (m->flags & MOPT_NOSUPPORT) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "%s option not supported", opt); } else if (token == Opt_commit) { if (arg == 0) arg = JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE; else if (arg > INT_MAX / HZ) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Invalid commit interval %d, " "must be smaller than %d", arg, INT_MAX / HZ); return -1; } sbi->s_commit_interval = HZ * arg; } else if (token == Opt_debug_want_extra_isize) { if ((arg & 1) || (arg < 4) || (arg > (sbi->s_inode_size - EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE))) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Invalid want_extra_isize %d", arg); return -1; } sbi->s_want_extra_isize = arg; } else if (token == Opt_max_batch_time) { sbi->s_max_batch_time = arg; } else if (token == Opt_min_batch_time) { sbi->s_min_batch_time = arg; } else if (token == Opt_inode_readahead_blks) { if (arg && (arg > (1 << 30) || !is_power_of_2(arg))) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "EXT4-fs: inode_readahead_blks must be " "0 or a power of 2 smaller than 2^31"); return -1; } sbi->s_inode_readahead_blks = arg; } else if (token == Opt_init_itable) { set_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE); if (!args->from) arg = EXT4_DEF_LI_WAIT_MULT; sbi->s_li_wait_mult = arg; } else if (token == Opt_max_dir_size_kb) { sbi->s_max_dir_size_kb = arg; #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG } else if (token == Opt_fc_debug_max_replay) { sbi->s_fc_debug_max_replay = arg; #endif } else if (token == Opt_stripe) { sbi->s_stripe = arg; } else if (token == Opt_resuid) { uid = make_kuid(current_user_ns(), arg); if (!uid_valid(uid)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Invalid uid value %d", arg); return -1; } sbi->s_resuid = uid; } else if (token == Opt_resgid) { gid = make_kgid(current_user_ns(), arg); if (!gid_valid(gid)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Invalid gid value %d", arg); return -1; } sbi->s_resgid = gid; } else if (token == Opt_journal_dev) { if (is_remount) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot specify journal on remount"); return -1; } *journal_devnum = arg; } else if (token == Opt_journal_path) { char *journal_path; struct inode *journal_inode; struct path path; int error; if (is_remount) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot specify journal on remount"); return -1; } journal_path = match_strdup(&args[0]); if (!journal_path) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "error: could not dup " "journal device string"); return -1; } error = kern_path(journal_path, LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &path); if (error) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "error: could not find " "journal device path: error %d", error); kfree(journal_path); return -1; } journal_inode = d_inode(path.dentry); if (!S_ISBLK(journal_inode->i_mode)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "error: journal path %s " "is not a block device", journal_path); path_put(&path); kfree(journal_path); return -1; } *journal_devnum = new_encode_dev(journal_inode->i_rdev); path_put(&path); kfree(journal_path); } else if (token == Opt_journal_ioprio) { if (arg > 7) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Invalid journal IO priority" " (must be 0-7)"); return -1; } *journal_ioprio = IOPRIO_PRIO_VALUE(IOPRIO_CLASS_BE, arg); } else if (token == Opt_test_dummy_encryption) { return ext4_set_test_dummy_encryption(sb, opt, &args[0], is_remount); } else if (m->flags & MOPT_DATAJ) { if (is_remount) { if (!sbi->s_journal) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Remounting file system with no journal so ignoring journalled data option"); else if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) != m->mount_opt) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot change data mode on remount"); return -1; } } else { clear_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS); sbi->s_mount_opt |= m->mount_opt; } #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA } else if (m->flags & MOPT_QFMT) { if (sb_any_quota_loaded(sb) && sbi->s_jquota_fmt != m->mount_opt) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot change journaled " "quota options when quota turned on"); return -1; } if (ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "Quota format mount options ignored " "when QUOTA feature is enabled"); return 1; } sbi->s_jquota_fmt = m->mount_opt; #endif } else if (token == Opt_dax || token == Opt_dax_always || token == Opt_dax_inode || token == Opt_dax_never) { #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX switch (token) { case Opt_dax: case Opt_dax_always: if (is_remount && (!(sbi->s_mount_opt & EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS) || (sbi->s_mount_opt2 & EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER))) { fail_dax_change_remount: ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't change " "dax mount option while remounting"); return -1; } if (is_remount && (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with " "both data=journal and dax"); return -1; } ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "DAX enabled. Warning: EXPERIMENTAL, use at your own risk"); sbi->s_mount_opt |= EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS; sbi->s_mount_opt2 &= ~EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER; break; case Opt_dax_never: if (is_remount && (!(sbi->s_mount_opt2 & EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER) || (sbi->s_mount_opt & EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS))) goto fail_dax_change_remount; sbi->s_mount_opt2 |= EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER; sbi->s_mount_opt &= ~EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS; break; case Opt_dax_inode: if (is_remount && ((sbi->s_mount_opt & EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS) || (sbi->s_mount_opt2 & EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER) || !(sbi->s_mount_opt2 & EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_INODE))) goto fail_dax_change_remount; sbi->s_mount_opt &= ~EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS; sbi->s_mount_opt2 &= ~EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER; /* Strictly for printing options */ sbi->s_mount_opt2 |= EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_INODE; break; } #else ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "dax option not supported"); sbi->s_mount_opt2 |= EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER; sbi->s_mount_opt &= ~EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS; return -1; #endif } else if (token == Opt_data_err_abort) { sbi->s_mount_opt |= m->mount_opt; } else if (token == Opt_data_err_ignore) { sbi->s_mount_opt &= ~m->mount_opt; } else { if (!args->from) arg = 1; if (m->flags & MOPT_CLEAR) arg = !arg; else if (unlikely(!(m->flags & MOPT_SET))) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "buggy handling of option %s", opt); WARN_ON(1); return -1; } if (m->flags & MOPT_2) { if (arg != 0) sbi->s_mount_opt2 |= m->mount_opt; else sbi->s_mount_opt2 &= ~m->mount_opt; } else { if (arg != 0) sbi->s_mount_opt |= m->mount_opt; else sbi->s_mount_opt &= ~m->mount_opt; } } return 1; } static int parse_options(char *options, struct super_block *sb, unsigned long *journal_devnum, unsigned int *journal_ioprio, int is_remount) { struct ext4_sb_info __maybe_unused *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); char *p, __maybe_unused *usr_qf_name, __maybe_unused *grp_qf_name; substring_t args[MAX_OPT_ARGS]; int token; if (!options) return 1; while ((p = strsep(&options, ",")) != NULL) { if (!*p) continue; /* * Initialize args struct so we know whether arg was * found; some options take optional arguments. */ args[0].to = args[0].from = NULL; token = match_token(p, tokens, args); if (handle_mount_opt(sb, p, token, args, journal_devnum, journal_ioprio, is_remount) < 0) return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* * We do the test below only for project quotas. 'usrquota' and * 'grpquota' mount options are allowed even without quota feature * to support legacy quotas in quota files. */ if (test_opt(sb, PRJQUOTA) && !ext4_has_feature_project(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Project quota feature not enabled. " "Cannot enable project quota enforcement."); return 0; } usr_qf_name = get_qf_name(sb, sbi, USRQUOTA); grp_qf_name = get_qf_name(sb, sbi, GRPQUOTA); if (usr_qf_name || grp_qf_name) { if (test_opt(sb, USRQUOTA) && usr_qf_name) clear_opt(sb, USRQUOTA); if (test_opt(sb, GRPQUOTA) && grp_qf_name) clear_opt(sb, GRPQUOTA); if (test_opt(sb, GRPQUOTA) || test_opt(sb, USRQUOTA)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "old and new quota " "format mixing"); return 0; } if (!sbi->s_jquota_fmt) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "journaled quota format " "not specified"); return 0; } } #endif if (test_opt(sb, DIOREAD_NOLOCK)) { int blocksize = BLOCK_SIZE << le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_log_block_size); if (blocksize < PAGE_SIZE) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Warning: mounting with an " "experimental mount option 'dioread_nolock' " "for blocksize < PAGE_SIZE"); } return 1; } static inline void ext4_show_quota_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct super_block *sb) { #if defined(CONFIG_QUOTA) struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); char *usr_qf_name, *grp_qf_name; if (sbi->s_jquota_fmt) { char *fmtname = ""; switch (sbi->s_jquota_fmt) { case QFMT_VFS_OLD: fmtname = "vfsold"; break; case QFMT_VFS_V0: fmtname = "vfsv0"; break; case QFMT_VFS_V1: fmtname = "vfsv1"; break; } seq_printf(seq, ",jqfmt=%s", fmtname); } rcu_read_lock(); usr_qf_name = rcu_dereference(sbi->s_qf_names[USRQUOTA]); grp_qf_name = rcu_dereference(sbi->s_qf_names[GRPQUOTA]); if (usr_qf_name) seq_show_option(seq, "usrjquota", usr_qf_name); if (grp_qf_name) seq_show_option(seq, "grpjquota", grp_qf_name); rcu_read_unlock(); #endif } static const char *token2str(int token) { const struct match_token *t; for (t = tokens; t->token != Opt_err; t++) if (t->token == token && !strchr(t->pattern, '=')) break; return t->pattern; } /* * Show an option if * - it's set to a non-default value OR * - if the per-sb default is different from the global default */ static int _ext4_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct super_block *sb, int nodefs) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; int def_errors, def_mount_opt = sbi->s_def_mount_opt; const struct mount_opts *m; char sep = nodefs ? '\n' : ','; #define SEQ_OPTS_PUTS(str) seq_printf(seq, "%c" str, sep) #define SEQ_OPTS_PRINT(str, arg) seq_printf(seq, "%c" str, sep, arg) if (sbi->s_sb_block != 1) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("sb=%llu", sbi->s_sb_block); for (m = ext4_mount_opts; m->token != Opt_err; m++) { int want_set = m->flags & MOPT_SET; if (((m->flags & (MOPT_SET|MOPT_CLEAR)) == 0) || (m->flags & MOPT_CLEAR_ERR) || m->flags & MOPT_SKIP) continue; if (!nodefs && !(m->mount_opt & (sbi->s_mount_opt ^ def_mount_opt))) continue; /* skip if same as the default */ if ((want_set && (sbi->s_mount_opt & m->mount_opt) != m->mount_opt) || (!want_set && (sbi->s_mount_opt & m->mount_opt))) continue; /* select Opt_noFoo vs Opt_Foo */ SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("%s", token2str(m->token)); } if (nodefs || !uid_eq(sbi->s_resuid, make_kuid(&init_user_ns, EXT4_DEF_RESUID)) || le16_to_cpu(es->s_def_resuid) != EXT4_DEF_RESUID) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("resuid=%u", from_kuid_munged(&init_user_ns, sbi->s_resuid)); if (nodefs || !gid_eq(sbi->s_resgid, make_kgid(&init_user_ns, EXT4_DEF_RESGID)) || le16_to_cpu(es->s_def_resgid) != EXT4_DEF_RESGID) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("resgid=%u", from_kgid_munged(&init_user_ns, sbi->s_resgid)); def_errors = nodefs ? -1 : le16_to_cpu(es->s_errors); if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_RO) && def_errors != EXT4_ERRORS_RO) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("errors=remount-ro"); if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_CONT) && def_errors != EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("errors=continue"); if (test_opt(sb, ERRORS_PANIC) && def_errors != EXT4_ERRORS_PANIC) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("errors=panic"); if (nodefs || sbi->s_commit_interval != JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE*HZ) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("commit=%lu", sbi->s_commit_interval / HZ); if (nodefs || sbi->s_min_batch_time != EXT4_DEF_MIN_BATCH_TIME) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("min_batch_time=%u", sbi->s_min_batch_time); if (nodefs || sbi->s_max_batch_time != EXT4_DEF_MAX_BATCH_TIME) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("max_batch_time=%u", sbi->s_max_batch_time); if (sb->s_flags & SB_I_VERSION) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("i_version"); if (nodefs || sbi->s_stripe) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("stripe=%lu", sbi->s_stripe); if (nodefs || EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_FLAGS & (sbi->s_mount_opt ^ def_mount_opt)) { if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("data=journal"); else if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("data=ordered"); else if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("data=writeback"); } if (nodefs || sbi->s_inode_readahead_blks != EXT4_DEF_INODE_READAHEAD_BLKS) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("inode_readahead_blks=%u", sbi->s_inode_readahead_blks); if (test_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE) && (nodefs || (sbi->s_li_wait_mult != EXT4_DEF_LI_WAIT_MULT))) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("init_itable=%u", sbi->s_li_wait_mult); if (nodefs || sbi->s_max_dir_size_kb) SEQ_OPTS_PRINT("max_dir_size_kb=%u", sbi->s_max_dir_size_kb); if (test_opt(sb, DATA_ERR_ABORT)) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("data_err=abort"); fscrypt_show_test_dummy_encryption(seq, sep, sb); if (sb->s_flags & SB_INLINECRYPT) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("inlinecrypt"); if (test_opt(sb, DAX_ALWAYS)) { if (IS_EXT2_SB(sb)) SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("dax"); else SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("dax=always"); } else if (test_opt2(sb, DAX_NEVER)) { SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("dax=never"); } else if (test_opt2(sb, DAX_INODE)) { SEQ_OPTS_PUTS("dax=inode"); } ext4_show_quota_options(seq, sb); return 0; } static int ext4_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root) { return _ext4_show_options(seq, root->d_sb, 0); } int ext4_seq_options_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *offset) { struct super_block *sb = seq->private; int rc; seq_puts(seq, sb_rdonly(sb) ? "ro" : "rw"); rc = _ext4_show_options(seq, sb, 1); seq_puts(seq, "\n"); return rc; } static int ext4_setup_super(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es, int read_only) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); int err = 0; if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_rev_level) > EXT4_MAX_SUPP_REV) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "revision level too high, " "forcing read-only mode"); err = -EROFS; goto done; } if (read_only) goto done; if (!(sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_VALID_FS)) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "warning: mounting unchecked fs, " "running e2fsck is recommended"); else if (sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_ERROR_FS) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "warning: mounting fs with errors, " "running e2fsck is recommended"); else if ((__s16) le16_to_cpu(es->s_max_mnt_count) > 0 && le16_to_cpu(es->s_mnt_count) >= (unsigned short) (__s16) le16_to_cpu(es->s_max_mnt_count)) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "warning: maximal mount count reached, " "running e2fsck is recommended"); else if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_checkinterval) && (ext4_get_tstamp(es, s_lastcheck) + le32_to_cpu(es->s_checkinterval) <= ktime_get_real_seconds())) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "warning: checktime reached, " "running e2fsck is recommended"); if (!sbi->s_journal) es->s_state &= cpu_to_le16(~EXT4_VALID_FS); if (!(__s16) le16_to_cpu(es->s_max_mnt_count)) es->s_max_mnt_count = cpu_to_le16(EXT4_DFL_MAX_MNT_COUNT); le16_add_cpu(&es->s_mnt_count, 1); ext4_update_tstamp(es, s_mtime); if (sbi->s_journal) ext4_set_feature_journal_needs_recovery(sb); err = ext4_commit_super(sb, 1); done: if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG)) printk(KERN_INFO "[EXT4 FS bs=%lu, gc=%u, " "bpg=%lu, ipg=%lu, mo=%04x, mo2=%04x]\n", sb->s_blocksize, sbi->s_groups_count, EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb), EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb), sbi->s_mount_opt, sbi->s_mount_opt2); cleancache_init_fs(sb); return err; } int ext4_alloc_flex_bg_array(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t ngroup) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct flex_groups **old_groups, **new_groups; int size, i, j; if (!sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex) return 0; size = ext4_flex_group(sbi, ngroup - 1) + 1; if (size <= sbi->s_flex_groups_allocated) return 0; new_groups = kvzalloc(roundup_pow_of_two(size * sizeof(*sbi->s_flex_groups)), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_groups) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "not enough memory for %d flex group pointers", size); return -ENOMEM; } for (i = sbi->s_flex_groups_allocated; i < size; i++) { new_groups[i] = kvzalloc(roundup_pow_of_two( sizeof(struct flex_groups)), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_groups[i]) { for (j = sbi->s_flex_groups_allocated; j < i; j++) kvfree(new_groups[j]); kvfree(new_groups); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "not enough memory for %d flex groups", size); return -ENOMEM; } } rcu_read_lock(); old_groups = rcu_dereference(sbi->s_flex_groups); if (old_groups) memcpy(new_groups, old_groups, (sbi->s_flex_groups_allocated * sizeof(struct flex_groups *))); rcu_read_unlock(); rcu_assign_pointer(sbi->s_flex_groups, new_groups); sbi->s_flex_groups_allocated = size; if (old_groups) ext4_kvfree_array_rcu(old_groups); return 0; } static int ext4_fill_flex_info(struct super_block *sb) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = NULL; struct flex_groups *fg; ext4_group_t flex_group; int i, err; sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex = sbi->s_es->s_log_groups_per_flex; if (sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex < 1 || sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex > 31) { sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex = 0; return 1; } err = ext4_alloc_flex_bg_array(sb, sbi->s_groups_count); if (err) goto failed; for (i = 0; i < sbi->s_groups_count; i++) { gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL); flex_group = ext4_flex_group(sbi, i); fg = sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, s_flex_groups, flex_group); atomic_add(ext4_free_inodes_count(sb, gdp), &fg->free_inodes); atomic64_add(ext4_free_group_clusters(sb, gdp), &fg->free_clusters); atomic_add(ext4_used_dirs_count(sb, gdp), &fg->used_dirs); } return 1; failed: return 0; } static __le16 ext4_group_desc_csum(struct super_block *sb, __u32 block_group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp) { int offset = offsetof(struct ext4_group_desc, bg_checksum); __u16 crc = 0; __le32 le_group = cpu_to_le32(block_group); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(sbi->s_sb)) { /* Use new metadata_csum algorithm */ __u32 csum32; __u16 dummy_csum = 0; csum32 = ext4_chksum(sbi, sbi->s_csum_seed, (__u8 *)&le_group, sizeof(le_group)); csum32 = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum32, (__u8 *)gdp, offset); csum32 = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum32, (__u8 *)&dummy_csum, sizeof(dummy_csum)); offset += sizeof(dummy_csum); if (offset < sbi->s_desc_size) csum32 = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum32, (__u8 *)gdp + offset, sbi->s_desc_size - offset); crc = csum32 & 0xFFFF; goto out; } /* old crc16 code */ if (!ext4_has_feature_gdt_csum(sb)) return 0; crc = crc16(~0, sbi->s_es->s_uuid, sizeof(sbi->s_es->s_uuid)); crc = crc16(crc, (__u8 *)&le_group, sizeof(le_group)); crc = crc16(crc, (__u8 *)gdp, offset); offset += sizeof(gdp->bg_checksum); /* skip checksum */ /* for checksum of struct ext4_group_desc do the rest...*/ if (ext4_has_feature_64bit(sb) && offset < le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_desc_size)) crc = crc16(crc, (__u8 *)gdp + offset, le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_desc_size) - offset); out: return cpu_to_le16(crc); } int ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, __u32 block_group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp) { if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb) && (gdp->bg_checksum != ext4_group_desc_csum(sb, block_group, gdp))) return 0; return 1; } void ext4_group_desc_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, __u32 block_group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp) { if (!ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb)) return; gdp->bg_checksum = ext4_group_desc_csum(sb, block_group, gdp); } /* Called at mount-time, super-block is locked */ static int ext4_check_descriptors(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t sb_block, ext4_group_t *first_not_zeroed) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ext4_fsblk_t first_block = le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_data_block); ext4_fsblk_t last_block; ext4_fsblk_t last_bg_block = sb_block + ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, 0); ext4_fsblk_t block_bitmap; ext4_fsblk_t inode_bitmap; ext4_fsblk_t inode_table; int flexbg_flag = 0; ext4_group_t i, grp = sbi->s_groups_count; if (ext4_has_feature_flex_bg(sb)) flexbg_flag = 1; ext4_debug("Checking group descriptors"); for (i = 0; i < sbi->s_groups_count; i++) { struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL); if (i == sbi->s_groups_count - 1 || flexbg_flag) last_block = ext4_blocks_count(sbi->s_es) - 1; else last_block = first_block + (EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) - 1); if ((grp == sbi->s_groups_count) && !(gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED))) grp = i; block_bitmap = ext4_block_bitmap(sb, gdp); if (block_bitmap == sb_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Block bitmap for group %u overlaps " "superblock", i); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) return 0; } if (block_bitmap >= sb_block + 1 && block_bitmap <= last_bg_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Block bitmap for group %u overlaps " "block group descriptors", i); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) return 0; } if (block_bitmap < first_block || block_bitmap > last_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Block bitmap for group %u not in group " "(block %llu)!", i, block_bitmap); return 0; } inode_bitmap = ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, gdp); if (inode_bitmap == sb_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Inode bitmap for group %u overlaps " "superblock", i); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) return 0; } if (inode_bitmap >= sb_block + 1 && inode_bitmap <= last_bg_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Inode bitmap for group %u overlaps " "block group descriptors", i); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) return 0; } if (inode_bitmap < first_block || inode_bitmap > last_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Inode bitmap for group %u not in group " "(block %llu)!", i, inode_bitmap); return 0; } inode_table = ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp); if (inode_table == sb_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Inode table for group %u overlaps " "superblock", i); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) return 0; } if (inode_table >= sb_block + 1 && inode_table <= last_bg_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Inode table for group %u overlaps " "block group descriptors", i); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) return 0; } if (inode_table < first_block || inode_table + sbi->s_itb_per_group - 1 > last_block) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Inode table for group %u not in group " "(block %llu)!", i, inode_table); return 0; } ext4_lock_group(sb, i); if (!ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(sb, i, gdp)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_check_descriptors: " "Checksum for group %u failed (%u!=%u)", i, le16_to_cpu(ext4_group_desc_csum(sb, i, gdp)), le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_checksum)); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) { ext4_unlock_group(sb, i); return 0; } } ext4_unlock_group(sb, i); if (!flexbg_flag) first_block += EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb); } if (NULL != first_not_zeroed) *first_not_zeroed = grp; return 1; } /* ext4_orphan_cleanup() walks a singly-linked list of inodes (starting at * the superblock) which were deleted from all directories, but held open by * a process at the time of a crash. We walk the list and try to delete these * inodes at recovery time (only with a read-write filesystem). * * In order to keep the orphan inode chain consistent during traversal (in * case of crash during recovery), we link each inode into the superblock * orphan list_head and handle it the same way as an inode deletion during * normal operation (which journals the operations for us). * * We only do an iget() and an iput() on each inode, which is very safe if we * accidentally point at an in-use or already deleted inode. The worst that * can happen in this case is that we get a "bit already cleared" message from * ext4_free_inode(). The only reason we would point at a wrong inode is if * e2fsck was run on this filesystem, and it must have already done the orphan * inode cleanup for us, so we can safely abort without any further action. */ static void ext4_orphan_cleanup(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es) { unsigned int s_flags = sb->s_flags; int ret, nr_orphans = 0, nr_truncates = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA int quota_update = 0; int i; #endif if (!es->s_last_orphan) { jbd_debug(4, "no orphan inodes to clean up\n"); return; } if (bdev_read_only(sb->s_bdev)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "write access " "unavailable, skipping orphan cleanup"); return; } /* Check if feature set would not allow a r/w mount */ if (!ext4_feature_set_ok(sb, 0)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "Skipping orphan cleanup due to " "unknown ROCOMPAT features"); return; } if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_ERROR_FS) { /* don't clear list on RO mount w/ errors */ if (es->s_last_orphan && !(s_flags & SB_RDONLY)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "Errors on filesystem, " "clearing orphan list.\n"); es->s_last_orphan = 0; } jbd_debug(1, "Skipping orphan recovery on fs with errors.\n"); return; } if (s_flags & SB_RDONLY) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "orphan cleanup on readonly fs"); sb->s_flags &= ~SB_RDONLY; } #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* * Turn on quotas which were not enabled for read-only mounts if * filesystem has quota feature, so that they are updated correctly. */ if (ext4_has_feature_quota(sb) && (s_flags & SB_RDONLY)) { int ret = ext4_enable_quotas(sb); if (!ret) quota_update = 1; else ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot turn on quotas: error %d", ret); } /* Turn on journaled quotas used for old sytle */ for (i = 0; i < EXT4_MAXQUOTAS; i++) { if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_qf_names[i]) { int ret = ext4_quota_on_mount(sb, i); if (!ret) quota_update = 1; else ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot turn on journaled " "quota: type %d: error %d", i, ret); } } #endif while (es->s_last_orphan) { struct inode *inode; /* * We may have encountered an error during cleanup; if * so, skip the rest. */ if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_ERROR_FS) { jbd_debug(1, "Skipping orphan recovery on fs with errors.\n"); es->s_last_orphan = 0; break; } inode = ext4_orphan_get(sb, le32_to_cpu(es->s_last_orphan)); if (IS_ERR(inode)) { es->s_last_orphan = 0; break; } list_add(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_orphan); dquot_initialize(inode); if (inode->i_nlink) { if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG)) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_DEBUG, "%s: truncating inode %lu to %lld bytes", __func__, inode->i_ino, inode->i_size); jbd_debug(2, "truncating inode %lu to %lld bytes\n", inode->i_ino, inode->i_size); inode_lock(inode); truncate_inode_pages(inode->i_mapping, inode->i_size); ret = ext4_truncate(inode); if (ret) { /* * We need to clean up the in-core orphan list * manually if ext4_truncate() failed to get a * transaction handle. */ ext4_orphan_del(NULL, inode); ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, ret); } inode_unlock(inode); nr_truncates++; } else { if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG)) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_DEBUG, "%s: deleting unreferenced inode %lu", __func__, inode->i_ino); jbd_debug(2, "deleting unreferenced inode %lu\n", inode->i_ino); nr_orphans++; } iput(inode); /* The delete magic happens here! */ } #define PLURAL(x) (x), ((x) == 1) ? "" : "s" if (nr_orphans) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "%d orphan inode%s deleted", PLURAL(nr_orphans)); if (nr_truncates) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "%d truncate%s cleaned up", PLURAL(nr_truncates)); #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* Turn off quotas if they were enabled for orphan cleanup */ if (quota_update) { for (i = 0; i < EXT4_MAXQUOTAS; i++) { if (sb_dqopt(sb)->files[i]) dquot_quota_off(sb, i); } } #endif sb->s_flags = s_flags; /* Restore SB_RDONLY status */ } /* * Maximal extent format file size. * Resulting logical blkno at s_maxbytes must fit in our on-disk * extent format containers, within a sector_t, and within i_blocks * in the vfs. ext4 inode has 48 bits of i_block in fsblock units, * so that won't be a limiting factor. * * However there is other limiting factor. We do store extents in the form * of starting block and length, hence the resulting length of the extent * covering maximum file size must fit into on-disk format containers as * well. Given that length is always by 1 unit bigger than max unit (because * we count 0 as well) we have to lower the s_maxbytes by one fs block. * * Note, this does *not* consider any metadata overhead for vfs i_blocks. */ static loff_t ext4_max_size(int blkbits, int has_huge_files) { loff_t res; loff_t upper_limit = MAX_LFS_FILESIZE; BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(blkcnt_t) < sizeof(u64)); if (!has_huge_files) { upper_limit = (1LL << 32) - 1; /* total blocks in file system block size */ upper_limit >>= (blkbits - 9); upper_limit <<= blkbits; } /* * 32-bit extent-start container, ee_block. We lower the maxbytes * by one fs block, so ee_len can cover the extent of maximum file * size */ res = (1LL << 32) - 1; res <<= blkbits; /* Sanity check against vm- & vfs- imposed limits */ if (res > upper_limit) res = upper_limit; return res; } /* * Maximal bitmap file size. There is a direct, and {,double-,triple-}indirect * block limit, and also a limit of (2^48 - 1) 512-byte sectors in i_blocks. * We need to be 1 filesystem block less than the 2^48 sector limit. */ static loff_t ext4_max_bitmap_size(int bits, int has_huge_files) { unsigned long long upper_limit, res = EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS; int meta_blocks; /* * This is calculated to be the largest file size for a dense, block * mapped file such that the file's total number of 512-byte sectors, * including data and all indirect blocks, does not exceed (2^48 - 1). * * __u32 i_blocks_lo and _u16 i_blocks_high represent the total * number of 512-byte sectors of the file. */ if (!has_huge_files) { /* * !has_huge_files or implies that the inode i_block field * represents total file blocks in 2^32 512-byte sectors == * size of vfs inode i_blocks * 8 */ upper_limit = (1LL << 32) - 1; /* total blocks in file system block size */ upper_limit >>= (bits - 9); } else { /* * We use 48 bit ext4_inode i_blocks * With EXT4_HUGE_FILE_FL set the i_blocks * represent total number of blocks in * file system block size */ upper_limit = (1LL << 48) - 1; } /* indirect blocks */ meta_blocks = 1; /* double indirect blocks */ meta_blocks += 1 + (1LL << (bits-2)); /* tripple indirect blocks */ meta_blocks += 1 + (1LL << (bits-2)) + (1LL << (2*(bits-2))); upper_limit -= meta_blocks; upper_limit <<= bits; res += 1LL << (bits-2); res += 1LL << (2*(bits-2)); res += 1LL << (3*(bits-2)); res <<= bits; if (res > upper_limit) res = upper_limit; if (res > MAX_LFS_FILESIZE) res = MAX_LFS_FILESIZE; return (loff_t)res; } static ext4_fsblk_t descriptor_loc(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t logical_sb_block, int nr) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); ext4_group_t bg, first_meta_bg; int has_super = 0; first_meta_bg = le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_meta_bg); if (!ext4_has_feature_meta_bg(sb) || nr < first_meta_bg) return logical_sb_block + nr + 1; bg = sbi->s_desc_per_block * nr; if (ext4_bg_has_super(sb, bg)) has_super = 1; /* * If we have a meta_bg fs with 1k blocks, group 0's GDT is at * block 2, not 1. If s_first_data_block == 0 (bigalloc is enabled * on modern mke2fs or blksize > 1k on older mke2fs) then we must * compensate. */ if (sb->s_blocksize == 1024 && nr == 0 && le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_data_block) == 0) has_super++; return (has_super + ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, bg)); } /** * ext4_get_stripe_size: Get the stripe size. * @sbi: In memory super block info * * If we have specified it via mount option, then * use the mount option value. If the value specified at mount time is * greater than the blocks per group use the super block value. * If the super block value is greater than blocks per group return 0. * Allocator needs it be less than blocks per group. * */ static unsigned long ext4_get_stripe_size(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { unsigned long stride = le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_raid_stride); unsigned long stripe_width = le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_raid_stripe_width); int ret; if (sbi->s_stripe && sbi->s_stripe <= sbi->s_blocks_per_group) ret = sbi->s_stripe; else if (stripe_width && stripe_width <= sbi->s_blocks_per_group) ret = stripe_width; else if (stride && stride <= sbi->s_blocks_per_group) ret = stride; else ret = 0; /* * If the stripe width is 1, this makes no sense and * we set it to 0 to turn off stripe handling code. */ if (ret <= 1) ret = 0; return ret; } /* * Check whether this filesystem can be mounted based on * the features present and the RDONLY/RDWR mount requested. * Returns 1 if this filesystem can be mounted as requested, * 0 if it cannot be. */ static int ext4_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb, int readonly) { if (ext4_has_unknown_ext4_incompat_features(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Couldn't mount because of " "unsupported optional features (%x)", (le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat) & ~EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP)); return 0; } #ifndef CONFIG_UNICODE if (ext4_has_feature_casefold(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Filesystem with casefold feature cannot be " "mounted without CONFIG_UNICODE"); return 0; } #endif if (readonly) return 1; if (ext4_has_feature_readonly(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "filesystem is read-only"); sb->s_flags |= SB_RDONLY; return 1; } /* Check that feature set is OK for a read-write mount */ if (ext4_has_unknown_ext4_ro_compat_features(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "couldn't mount RDWR because of " "unsupported optional features (%x)", (le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat) & ~EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP)); return 0; } if (ext4_has_feature_bigalloc(sb) && !ext4_has_feature_extents(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Can't support bigalloc feature without " "extents feature\n"); return 0; } #if !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_QUOTA) || !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_QFMT_V2) if (!readonly && (ext4_has_feature_quota(sb) || ext4_has_feature_project(sb))) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "The kernel was not built with CONFIG_QUOTA and CONFIG_QFMT_V2"); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_QUOTA */ return 1; } /* * This function is called once a day if we have errors logged * on the file system */ static void print_daily_error_info(struct timer_list *t) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = from_timer(sbi, t, s_err_report); struct super_block *sb = sbi->s_sb; struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; if (es->s_error_count) /* fsck newer than v1.41.13 is needed to clean this condition. */ ext4_msg(sb, KERN_NOTICE, "error count since last fsck: %u", le32_to_cpu(es->s_error_count)); if (es->s_first_error_time) { printk(KERN_NOTICE "EXT4-fs (%s): initial error at time %llu: %.*s:%d", sb->s_id, ext4_get_tstamp(es, s_first_error_time), (int) sizeof(es->s_first_error_func), es->s_first_error_func, le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_error_line)); if (es->s_first_error_ino) printk(KERN_CONT ": inode %u", le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_error_ino)); if (es->s_first_error_block) printk(KERN_CONT ": block %llu", (unsigned long long) le64_to_cpu(es->s_first_error_block)); printk(KERN_CONT "\n"); } if (es->s_last_error_time) { printk(KERN_NOTICE "EXT4-fs (%s): last error at time %llu: %.*s:%d", sb->s_id, ext4_get_tstamp(es, s_last_error_time), (int) sizeof(es->s_last_error_func), es->s_last_error_func, le32_to_cpu(es->s_last_error_line)); if (es->s_last_error_ino) printk(KERN_CONT ": inode %u", le32_to_cpu(es->s_last_error_ino)); if (es->s_last_error_block) printk(KERN_CONT ": block %llu", (unsigned long long) le64_to_cpu(es->s_last_error_block)); printk(KERN_CONT "\n"); } mod_timer(&sbi->s_err_report, jiffies + 24*60*60*HZ); /* Once a day */ } /* Find next suitable group and run ext4_init_inode_table */ static int ext4_run_li_request(struct ext4_li_request *elr) { struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = NULL; struct super_block *sb = elr->lr_super; ext4_group_t ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count; ext4_group_t group = elr->lr_next_group; unsigned int prefetch_ios = 0; int ret = 0; u64 start_time; if (elr->lr_mode == EXT4_LI_MODE_PREFETCH_BBITMAP) { elr->lr_next_group = ext4_mb_prefetch(sb, group, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mb_prefetch, &prefetch_ios); if (prefetch_ios) ext4_mb_prefetch_fini(sb, elr->lr_next_group, prefetch_ios); trace_ext4_prefetch_bitmaps(sb, group, elr->lr_next_group, prefetch_ios); if (group >= elr->lr_next_group) { ret = 1; if (elr->lr_first_not_zeroed != ngroups && !sb_rdonly(sb) && test_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE)) { elr->lr_next_group = elr->lr_first_not_zeroed; elr->lr_mode = EXT4_LI_MODE_ITABLE; ret = 0; } } return ret; } for (; group < ngroups; group++) { gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, NULL); if (!gdp) { ret = 1; break; } if (!(gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED))) break; } if (group >= ngroups) ret = 1; if (!ret) { start_time = ktime_get_real_ns(); ret = ext4_init_inode_table(sb, group, elr->lr_timeout ? 0 : 1); trace_ext4_lazy_itable_init(sb, group); if (elr->lr_timeout == 0) { elr->lr_timeout = nsecs_to_jiffies((ktime_get_real_ns() - start_time) * EXT4_SB(elr->lr_super)->s_li_wait_mult); } elr->lr_next_sched = jiffies + elr->lr_timeout; elr->lr_next_group = group + 1; } return ret; } /* * Remove lr_request from the list_request and free the * request structure. Should be called with li_list_mtx held */ static void ext4_remove_li_request(struct ext4_li_request *elr) { if (!elr) return; list_del(&elr->lr_request); EXT4_SB(elr->lr_super)->s_li_request = NULL; kfree(elr); } static void ext4_unregister_li_request(struct super_block *sb) { mutex_lock(&ext4_li_mtx); if (!ext4_li_info) { mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_mtx); return; } mutex_lock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx); ext4_remove_li_request(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_li_request); mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx); mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_mtx); } static struct task_struct *ext4_lazyinit_task; /* * This is the function where ext4lazyinit thread lives. It walks * through the request list searching for next scheduled filesystem. * When such a fs is found, run the lazy initialization request * (ext4_rn_li_request) and keep track of the time spend in this * function. Based on that time we compute next schedule time of * the request. When walking through the list is complete, compute * next waking time and put itself into sleep. */ static int ext4_lazyinit_thread(void *arg) { struct ext4_lazy_init *eli = (struct ext4_lazy_init *)arg; struct list_head *pos, *n; struct ext4_li_request *elr; unsigned long next_wakeup, cur; BUG_ON(NULL == eli); cont_thread: while (true) { next_wakeup = MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; mutex_lock(&eli->li_list_mtx); if (list_empty(&eli->li_request_list)) { mutex_unlock(&eli->li_list_mtx); goto exit_thread; } list_for_each_safe(pos, n, &eli->li_request_list) { int err = 0; int progress = 0; elr = list_entry(pos, struct ext4_li_request, lr_request); if (time_before(jiffies, elr->lr_next_sched)) { if (time_before(elr->lr_next_sched, next_wakeup)) next_wakeup = elr->lr_next_sched; continue; } if (down_read_trylock(&elr->lr_super->s_umount)) { if (sb_start_write_trylock(elr->lr_super)) { progress = 1; /* * We hold sb->s_umount, sb can not * be removed from the list, it is * now safe to drop li_list_mtx */ mutex_unlock(&eli->li_list_mtx); err = ext4_run_li_request(elr); sb_end_write(elr->lr_super); mutex_lock(&eli->li_list_mtx); n = pos->next; } up_read((&elr->lr_super->s_umount)); } /* error, remove the lazy_init job */ if (err) { ext4_remove_li_request(elr); continue; } if (!progress) { elr->lr_next_sched = jiffies + (prandom_u32() % (EXT4_DEF_LI_MAX_START_DELAY * HZ)); } if (time_before(elr->lr_next_sched, next_wakeup)) next_wakeup = elr->lr_next_sched; } mutex_unlock(&eli->li_list_mtx); try_to_freeze(); cur = jiffies; if ((time_after_eq(cur, next_wakeup)) || (MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET == next_wakeup)) { cond_resched(); continue; } schedule_timeout_interruptible(next_wakeup - cur); if (kthread_should_stop()) { ext4_clear_request_list(); goto exit_thread; } } exit_thread: /* * It looks like the request list is empty, but we need * to check it under the li_list_mtx lock, to prevent any * additions into it, and of course we should lock ext4_li_mtx * to atomically free the list and ext4_li_info, because at * this point another ext4 filesystem could be registering * new one. */ mutex_lock(&ext4_li_mtx); mutex_lock(&eli->li_list_mtx); if (!list_empty(&eli->li_request_list)) { mutex_unlock(&eli->li_list_mtx); mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_mtx); goto cont_thread; } mutex_unlock(&eli->li_list_mtx); kfree(ext4_li_info); ext4_li_info = NULL; mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_mtx); return 0; } static void ext4_clear_request_list(void) { struct list_head *pos, *n; struct ext4_li_request *elr; mutex_lock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx); list_for_each_safe(pos, n, &ext4_li_info->li_request_list) { elr = list_entry(pos, struct ext4_li_request, lr_request); ext4_remove_li_request(elr); } mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx); } static int ext4_run_lazyinit_thread(void) { ext4_lazyinit_task = kthread_run(ext4_lazyinit_thread, ext4_li_info, "ext4lazyinit"); if (IS_ERR(ext4_lazyinit_task)) { int err = PTR_ERR(ext4_lazyinit_task); ext4_clear_request_list(); kfree(ext4_li_info); ext4_li_info = NULL; printk(KERN_CRIT "EXT4-fs: error %d creating inode table " "initialization thread\n", err); return err; } ext4_li_info->li_state |= EXT4_LAZYINIT_RUNNING; return 0; } /* * Check whether it make sense to run itable init. thread or not. * If there is at least one uninitialized inode table, return * corresponding group number, else the loop goes through all * groups and return total number of groups. */ static ext4_group_t ext4_has_uninit_itable(struct super_block *sb) { ext4_group_t group, ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count; struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = NULL; if (!ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb)) return ngroups; for (group = 0; group < ngroups; group++) { gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, group, NULL); if (!gdp) continue; if (!(gdp->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED))) break; } return group; } static int ext4_li_info_new(void) { struct ext4_lazy_init *eli = NULL; eli = kzalloc(sizeof(*eli), GFP_KERNEL); if (!eli) return -ENOMEM; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&eli->li_request_list); mutex_init(&eli->li_list_mtx); eli->li_state |= EXT4_LAZYINIT_QUIT; ext4_li_info = eli; return 0; } static struct ext4_li_request *ext4_li_request_new(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t start) { struct ext4_li_request *elr; elr = kzalloc(sizeof(*elr), GFP_KERNEL); if (!elr) return NULL; elr->lr_super = sb; elr->lr_first_not_zeroed = start; if (test_opt(sb, PREFETCH_BLOCK_BITMAPS)) elr->lr_mode = EXT4_LI_MODE_PREFETCH_BBITMAP; else { elr->lr_mode = EXT4_LI_MODE_ITABLE; elr->lr_next_group = start; } /* * Randomize first schedule time of the request to * spread the inode table initialization requests * better. */ elr->lr_next_sched = jiffies + (prandom_u32() % (EXT4_DEF_LI_MAX_START_DELAY * HZ)); return elr; } int ext4_register_li_request(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t first_not_zeroed) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_li_request *elr = NULL; ext4_group_t ngroups = sbi->s_groups_count; int ret = 0; mutex_lock(&ext4_li_mtx); if (sbi->s_li_request != NULL) { /* * Reset timeout so it can be computed again, because * s_li_wait_mult might have changed. */ sbi->s_li_request->lr_timeout = 0; goto out; } if (!test_opt(sb, PREFETCH_BLOCK_BITMAPS) && (first_not_zeroed == ngroups || sb_rdonly(sb) || !test_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE))) goto out; elr = ext4_li_request_new(sb, first_not_zeroed); if (!elr) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } if (NULL == ext4_li_info) { ret = ext4_li_info_new(); if (ret) goto out; } mutex_lock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx); list_add(&elr->lr_request, &ext4_li_info->li_request_list); mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_info->li_list_mtx); sbi->s_li_request = elr; /* * set elr to NULL here since it has been inserted to * the request_list and the removal and free of it is * handled by ext4_clear_request_list from now on. */ elr = NULL; if (!(ext4_li_info->li_state & EXT4_LAZYINIT_RUNNING)) { ret = ext4_run_lazyinit_thread(); if (ret) goto out; } out: mutex_unlock(&ext4_li_mtx); if (ret) kfree(elr); return ret; } /* * We do not need to lock anything since this is called on * module unload. */ static void ext4_destroy_lazyinit_thread(void) { /* * If thread exited earlier * there's nothing to be done. */ if (!ext4_li_info || !ext4_lazyinit_task) return; kthread_stop(ext4_lazyinit_task); } static int set_journal_csum_feature_set(struct super_block *sb) { int ret = 1; int compat, incompat; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) { /* journal checksum v3 */ compat = 0; incompat = JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3; } else { /* journal checksum v1 */ compat = JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM; incompat = 0; } jbd2_journal_clear_features(sbi->s_journal, JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM, 0, JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 | JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2); if (test_opt(sb, JOURNAL_ASYNC_COMMIT)) { ret = jbd2_journal_set_features(sbi->s_journal, compat, 0, JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT | incompat); } else if (test_opt(sb, JOURNAL_CHECKSUM)) { ret = jbd2_journal_set_features(sbi->s_journal, compat, 0, incompat); jbd2_journal_clear_features(sbi->s_journal, 0, 0, JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT); } else { jbd2_journal_clear_features(sbi->s_journal, 0, 0, JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT); } return ret; } /* * Note: calculating the overhead so we can be compatible with * historical BSD practice is quite difficult in the face of * clusters/bigalloc. This is because multiple metadata blocks from * different block group can end up in the same allocation cluster. * Calculating the exact overhead in the face of clustered allocation * requires either O(all block bitmaps) in memory or O(number of block * groups**2) in time. We will still calculate the superblock for * older file systems --- and if we come across with a bigalloc file * system with zero in s_overhead_clusters the estimate will be close to * correct especially for very large cluster sizes --- but for newer * file systems, it's better to calculate this figure once at mkfs * time, and store it in the superblock. If the superblock value is * present (even for non-bigalloc file systems), we will use it. */ static int count_overhead(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t grp, char *buf) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_group_desc *gdp; ext4_fsblk_t first_block, last_block, b; ext4_group_t i, ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); int s, j, count = 0; if (!ext4_has_feature_bigalloc(sb)) return (ext4_bg_has_super(sb, grp) + ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, grp) + sbi->s_itb_per_group + 2); first_block = le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_data_block) + (grp * EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb)); last_block = first_block + EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) - 1; for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) { gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL); b = ext4_block_bitmap(sb, gdp); if (b >= first_block && b <= last_block) { ext4_set_bit(EXT4_B2C(sbi, b - first_block), buf); count++; } b = ext4_inode_bitmap(sb, gdp); if (b >= first_block && b <= last_block) { ext4_set_bit(EXT4_B2C(sbi, b - first_block), buf); count++; } b = ext4_inode_table(sb, gdp); if (b >= first_block && b + sbi->s_itb_per_group <= last_block) for (j = 0; j < sbi->s_itb_per_group; j++, b++) { int c = EXT4_B2C(sbi, b - first_block); ext4_set_bit(c, buf); count++; } if (i != grp) continue; s = 0; if (ext4_bg_has_super(sb, grp)) { ext4_set_bit(s++, buf); count++; } j = ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, grp); if (s + j > EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb)) { ext4_error(sb, "Invalid number of block group " "descriptor blocks: %d", j); j = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) - s; } count += j; for (; j > 0; j--) ext4_set_bit(EXT4_B2C(sbi, s++), buf); } if (!count) return 0; return EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb) - ext4_count_free(buf, EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb) / 8); } /* * Compute the overhead and stash it in sbi->s_overhead */ int ext4_calculate_overhead(struct super_block *sb) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; struct inode *j_inode; unsigned int j_blocks, j_inum = le32_to_cpu(es->s_journal_inum); ext4_group_t i, ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb); ext4_fsblk_t overhead = 0; char *buf = (char *) get_zeroed_page(GFP_NOFS); if (!buf) return -ENOMEM; /* * Compute the overhead (FS structures). This is constant * for a given filesystem unless the number of block groups * changes so we cache the previous value until it does. */ /* * All of the blocks before first_data_block are overhead */ overhead = EXT4_B2C(sbi, le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block)); /* * Add the overhead found in each block group */ for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) { int blks; blks = count_overhead(sb, i, buf); overhead += blks; if (blks) memset(buf, 0, PAGE_SIZE); cond_resched(); } /* * Add the internal journal blocks whether the journal has been * loaded or not */ if (sbi->s_journal && !sbi->s_journal_bdev) overhead += EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, sbi->s_journal->j_total_len); else if (ext4_has_feature_journal(sb) && !sbi->s_journal && j_inum) { /* j_inum for internal journal is non-zero */ j_inode = ext4_get_journal_inode(sb, j_inum); if (j_inode) { j_blocks = j_inode->i_size >> sb->s_blocksize_bits; overhead += EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, j_blocks); iput(j_inode); } else { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't get journal size"); } } sbi->s_overhead = overhead; smp_wmb(); free_page((unsigned long) buf); return 0; } static void ext4_set_resv_clusters(struct super_block *sb) { ext4_fsblk_t resv_clusters; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); /* * There's no need to reserve anything when we aren't using extents. * The space estimates are exact, there are no unwritten extents, * hole punching doesn't need new metadata... This is needed especially * to keep ext2/3 backward compatibility. */ if (!ext4_has_feature_extents(sb)) return; /* * By default we reserve 2% or 4096 clusters, whichever is smaller. * This should cover the situations where we can not afford to run * out of space like for example punch hole, or converting * unwritten extents in delalloc path. In most cases such * allocation would require 1, or 2 blocks, higher numbers are * very rare. */ resv_clusters = (ext4_blocks_count(sbi->s_es) >> sbi->s_cluster_bits); do_div(resv_clusters, 50); resv_clusters = min_t(ext4_fsblk_t, resv_clusters, 4096); atomic64_set(&sbi->s_resv_clusters, resv_clusters); } static int ext4_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent) { struct dax_device *dax_dev = fs_dax_get_by_bdev(sb->s_bdev); char *orig_data = kstrdup(data, GFP_KERNEL); struct buffer_head *bh, **group_desc; struct ext4_super_block *es = NULL; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = kzalloc(sizeof(*sbi), GFP_KERNEL); struct flex_groups **flex_groups; ext4_fsblk_t block; ext4_fsblk_t sb_block = get_sb_block(&data); ext4_fsblk_t logical_sb_block; unsigned long offset = 0; unsigned long journal_devnum = 0; unsigned long def_mount_opts; struct inode *root; const char *descr; int ret = -ENOMEM; int blocksize, clustersize; unsigned int db_count; unsigned int i; int needs_recovery, has_huge_files; __u64 blocks_count; int err = 0; unsigned int journal_ioprio = DEFAULT_JOURNAL_IOPRIO; ext4_group_t first_not_zeroed; if ((data && !orig_data) || !sbi) goto out_free_base; sbi->s_daxdev = dax_dev; sbi->s_blockgroup_lock = kzalloc(sizeof(struct blockgroup_lock), GFP_KERNEL); if (!sbi->s_blockgroup_lock) goto out_free_base; sb->s_fs_info = sbi; sbi->s_sb = sb; sbi->s_inode_readahead_blks = EXT4_DEF_INODE_READAHEAD_BLKS; sbi->s_sb_block = sb_block; if (sb->s_bdev->bd_part) sbi->s_sectors_written_start = part_stat_read(sb->s_bdev->bd_part, sectors[STAT_WRITE]); /* Cleanup superblock name */ strreplace(sb->s_id, '/', '!'); /* -EINVAL is default */ ret = -EINVAL; blocksize = sb_min_blocksize(sb, EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE); if (!blocksize) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "unable to set blocksize"); goto out_fail; } /* * The ext4 superblock will not be buffer aligned for other than 1kB * block sizes. We need to calculate the offset from buffer start. */ if (blocksize != EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE) { logical_sb_block = sb_block * EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE; offset = do_div(logical_sb_block, blocksize); } else { logical_sb_block = sb_block; } bh = ext4_sb_bread_unmovable(sb, logical_sb_block); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "unable to read superblock"); ret = PTR_ERR(bh); bh = NULL; goto out_fail; } /* * Note: s_es must be initialized as soon as possible because * some ext4 macro-instructions depend on its value */ es = (struct ext4_super_block *) (bh->b_data + offset); sbi->s_es = es; sb->s_magic = le16_to_cpu(es->s_magic); if (sb->s_magic != EXT4_SUPER_MAGIC) goto cantfind_ext4; sbi->s_kbytes_written = le64_to_cpu(es->s_kbytes_written); /* Warn if metadata_csum and gdt_csum are both set. */ if (ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(sb) && ext4_has_feature_gdt_csum(sb)) ext4_warning(sb, "metadata_csum and uninit_bg are " "redundant flags; please run fsck."); /* Check for a known checksum algorithm */ if (!ext4_verify_csum_type(sb, es)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "VFS: Found ext4 filesystem with " "unknown checksum algorithm."); silent = 1; goto cantfind_ext4; } /* Load the checksum driver */ sbi->s_chksum_driver = crypto_alloc_shash("crc32c", 0, 0); if (IS_ERR(sbi->s_chksum_driver)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot load crc32c driver."); ret = PTR_ERR(sbi->s_chksum_driver); sbi->s_chksum_driver = NULL; goto failed_mount; } /* Check superblock checksum */ if (!ext4_superblock_csum_verify(sb, es)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "VFS: Found ext4 filesystem with " "invalid superblock checksum. Run e2fsck?"); silent = 1; ret = -EFSBADCRC; goto cantfind_ext4; } /* Precompute checksum seed for all metadata */ if (ext4_has_feature_csum_seed(sb)) sbi->s_csum_seed = le32_to_cpu(es->s_checksum_seed); else if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb) || ext4_has_feature_ea_inode(sb)) sbi->s_csum_seed = ext4_chksum(sbi, ~0, es->s_uuid, sizeof(es->s_uuid)); /* Set defaults before we parse the mount options */ def_mount_opts = le32_to_cpu(es->s_default_mount_opts); set_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE); if (def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_DEBUG) set_opt(sb, DEBUG); if (def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_BSDGROUPS) set_opt(sb, GRPID); if (def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_UID16) set_opt(sb, NO_UID32); /* xattr user namespace & acls are now defaulted on */ set_opt(sb, XATTR_USER); #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_FS_POSIX_ACL set_opt(sb, POSIX_ACL); #endif if (ext4_has_feature_fast_commit(sb)) set_opt2(sb, JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT); /* don't forget to enable journal_csum when metadata_csum is enabled. */ if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) set_opt(sb, JOURNAL_CHECKSUM); if ((def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_JMODE) == EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_DATA) set_opt(sb, JOURNAL_DATA); else if ((def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_JMODE) == EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_ORDERED) set_opt(sb, ORDERED_DATA); else if ((def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_JMODE) == EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_WBACK) set_opt(sb, WRITEBACK_DATA); if (le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_errors) == EXT4_ERRORS_PANIC) set_opt(sb, ERRORS_PANIC); else if (le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_errors) == EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE) set_opt(sb, ERRORS_CONT); else set_opt(sb, ERRORS_RO); /* block_validity enabled by default; disable with noblock_validity */ set_opt(sb, BLOCK_VALIDITY); if (def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_DISCARD) set_opt(sb, DISCARD); sbi->s_resuid = make_kuid(&init_user_ns, le16_to_cpu(es->s_def_resuid)); sbi->s_resgid = make_kgid(&init_user_ns, le16_to_cpu(es->s_def_resgid)); sbi->s_commit_interval = JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE * HZ; sbi->s_min_batch_time = EXT4_DEF_MIN_BATCH_TIME; sbi->s_max_batch_time = EXT4_DEF_MAX_BATCH_TIME; if ((def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_NOBARRIER) == 0) set_opt(sb, BARRIER); /* * enable delayed allocation by default * Use -o nodelalloc to turn it off */ if (!IS_EXT3_SB(sb) && !IS_EXT2_SB(sb) && ((def_mount_opts & EXT4_DEFM_NODELALLOC) == 0)) set_opt(sb, DELALLOC); /* * set default s_li_wait_mult for lazyinit, for the case there is * no mount option specified. */ sbi->s_li_wait_mult = EXT4_DEF_LI_WAIT_MULT; if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_log_block_size) > (EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE - EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Invalid log block size: %u", le32_to_cpu(es->s_log_block_size)); goto failed_mount; } if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_log_cluster_size) > (EXT4_MAX_CLUSTER_LOG_SIZE - EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Invalid log cluster size: %u", le32_to_cpu(es->s_log_cluster_size)); goto failed_mount; } blocksize = EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE << le32_to_cpu(es->s_log_block_size); if (blocksize == PAGE_SIZE) set_opt(sb, DIOREAD_NOLOCK); if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_rev_level) == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) { sbi->s_inode_size = EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE; sbi->s_first_ino = EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO; } else { sbi->s_inode_size = le16_to_cpu(es->s_inode_size); sbi->s_first_ino = le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_ino); if (sbi->s_first_ino < EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "invalid first ino: %u", sbi->s_first_ino); goto failed_mount; } if ((sbi->s_inode_size < EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE) || (!is_power_of_2(sbi->s_inode_size)) || (sbi->s_inode_size > blocksize)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "unsupported inode size: %d", sbi->s_inode_size); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "blocksize: %d", blocksize); goto failed_mount; } /* * i_atime_extra is the last extra field available for * [acm]times in struct ext4_inode. Checking for that * field should suffice to ensure we have extra space * for all three. */ if (sbi->s_inode_size >= offsetof(struct ext4_inode, i_atime_extra) + sizeof(((struct ext4_inode *)0)->i_atime_extra)) { sb->s_time_gran = 1; sb->s_time_max = EXT4_EXTRA_TIMESTAMP_MAX; } else { sb->s_time_gran = NSEC_PER_SEC; sb->s_time_max = EXT4_NON_EXTRA_TIMESTAMP_MAX; } sb->s_time_min = EXT4_TIMESTAMP_MIN; } if (sbi->s_inode_size > EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE) { sbi->s_want_extra_isize = sizeof(struct ext4_inode) - EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE; if (ext4_has_feature_extra_isize(sb)) { unsigned v, max = (sbi->s_inode_size - EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE); v = le16_to_cpu(es->s_want_extra_isize); if (v > max) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "bad s_want_extra_isize: %d", v); goto failed_mount; } if (sbi->s_want_extra_isize < v) sbi->s_want_extra_isize = v; v = le16_to_cpu(es->s_min_extra_isize); if (v > max) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "bad s_min_extra_isize: %d", v); goto failed_mount; } if (sbi->s_want_extra_isize < v) sbi->s_want_extra_isize = v; } } if (sbi->s_es->s_mount_opts[0]) { char *s_mount_opts = kstrndup(sbi->s_es->s_mount_opts, sizeof(sbi->s_es->s_mount_opts), GFP_KERNEL); if (!s_mount_opts) goto failed_mount; if (!parse_options(s_mount_opts, sb, &journal_devnum, &journal_ioprio, 0)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "failed to parse options in superblock: %s", s_mount_opts); } kfree(s_mount_opts); } sbi->s_def_mount_opt = sbi->s_mount_opt; if (!parse_options((char *) data, sb, &journal_devnum, &journal_ioprio, 0)) goto failed_mount; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE if (ext4_has_feature_casefold(sb) && !sb->s_encoding) { const struct ext4_sb_encodings *encoding_info; struct unicode_map *encoding; __u16 encoding_flags; if (ext4_has_feature_encrypt(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Can't mount with encoding and encryption"); goto failed_mount; } if (ext4_sb_read_encoding(es, &encoding_info, &encoding_flags)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Encoding requested by superblock is unknown"); goto failed_mount; } encoding = utf8_load(encoding_info->version); if (IS_ERR(encoding)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with superblock charset: %s-%s " "not supported by the kernel. flags: 0x%x.", encoding_info->name, encoding_info->version, encoding_flags); goto failed_mount; } ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO,"Using encoding defined by superblock: " "%s-%s with flags 0x%hx", encoding_info->name, encoding_info->version?:"\b", encoding_flags); sb->s_encoding = encoding; sb->s_encoding_flags = encoding_flags; } #endif if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA) { printk_once(KERN_WARNING "EXT4-fs: Warning: mounting with data=journal disables delayed allocation, dioread_nolock, O_DIRECT and fast_commit support!\n"); /* can't mount with both data=journal and dioread_nolock. */ clear_opt(sb, DIOREAD_NOLOCK); clear_opt2(sb, JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT); if (test_opt2(sb, EXPLICIT_DELALLOC)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with " "both data=journal and delalloc"); goto failed_mount; } if (test_opt(sb, DAX_ALWAYS)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with " "both data=journal and dax"); goto failed_mount; } if (ext4_has_feature_encrypt(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "encrypted files will use data=ordered " "instead of data journaling mode"); } if (test_opt(sb, DELALLOC)) clear_opt(sb, DELALLOC); } else { sb->s_iflags |= SB_I_CGROUPWB; } sb->s_flags = (sb->s_flags & ~SB_POSIXACL) | (test_opt(sb, POSIX_ACL) ? SB_POSIXACL : 0); if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_rev_level) == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV && (ext4_has_compat_features(sb) || ext4_has_ro_compat_features(sb) || ext4_has_incompat_features(sb))) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "feature flags set on rev 0 fs, " "running e2fsck is recommended"); if (es->s_creator_os == cpu_to_le32(EXT4_OS_HURD)) { set_opt2(sb, HURD_COMPAT); if (ext4_has_feature_64bit(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "The Hurd can't support 64-bit file systems"); goto failed_mount; } /* * ea_inode feature uses l_i_version field which is not * available in HURD_COMPAT mode. */ if (ext4_has_feature_ea_inode(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ea_inode feature is not supported for Hurd"); goto failed_mount; } } if (IS_EXT2_SB(sb)) { if (ext2_feature_set_ok(sb)) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "mounting ext2 file system " "using the ext4 subsystem"); else { /* * If we're probing be silent, if this looks like * it's actually an ext[34] filesystem. */ if (silent && ext4_feature_set_ok(sb, sb_rdonly(sb))) goto failed_mount; ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "couldn't mount as ext2 due " "to feature incompatibilities"); goto failed_mount; } } if (IS_EXT3_SB(sb)) { if (ext3_feature_set_ok(sb)) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "mounting ext3 file system " "using the ext4 subsystem"); else { /* * If we're probing be silent, if this looks like * it's actually an ext4 filesystem. */ if (silent && ext4_feature_set_ok(sb, sb_rdonly(sb))) goto failed_mount; ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "couldn't mount as ext3 due " "to feature incompatibilities"); goto failed_mount; } } /* * Check feature flags regardless of the revision level, since we * previously didn't change the revision level when setting the flags, * so there is a chance incompat flags are set on a rev 0 filesystem. */ if (!ext4_feature_set_ok(sb, (sb_rdonly(sb)))) goto failed_mount; if (le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks) > (blocksize / 4)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Number of reserved GDT blocks insanely large: %d", le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks)); goto failed_mount; } if (bdev_dax_supported(sb->s_bdev, blocksize)) set_bit(EXT4_FLAGS_BDEV_IS_DAX, &sbi->s_ext4_flags); if (sbi->s_mount_opt & EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS) { if (ext4_has_feature_inline_data(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Cannot use DAX on a filesystem" " that may contain inline data"); goto failed_mount; } if (!test_bit(EXT4_FLAGS_BDEV_IS_DAX, &sbi->s_ext4_flags)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "DAX unsupported by block device."); goto failed_mount; } } if (ext4_has_feature_encrypt(sb) && es->s_encryption_level) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Unsupported encryption level %d", es->s_encryption_level); goto failed_mount; } if (sb->s_blocksize != blocksize) { /* * bh must be released before kill_bdev(), otherwise * it won't be freed and its page also. kill_bdev() * is called by sb_set_blocksize(). */ brelse(bh); /* Validate the filesystem blocksize */ if (!sb_set_blocksize(sb, blocksize)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "bad block size %d", blocksize); bh = NULL; goto failed_mount; } logical_sb_block = sb_block * EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE; offset = do_div(logical_sb_block, blocksize); bh = ext4_sb_bread_unmovable(sb, logical_sb_block); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Can't read superblock on 2nd try"); ret = PTR_ERR(bh); bh = NULL; goto failed_mount; } es = (struct ext4_super_block *)(bh->b_data + offset); sbi->s_es = es; if (es->s_magic != cpu_to_le16(EXT4_SUPER_MAGIC)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Magic mismatch, very weird!"); goto failed_mount; } } has_huge_files = ext4_has_feature_huge_file(sb); sbi->s_bitmap_maxbytes = ext4_max_bitmap_size(sb->s_blocksize_bits, has_huge_files); sb->s_maxbytes = ext4_max_size(sb->s_blocksize_bits, has_huge_files); sbi->s_desc_size = le16_to_cpu(es->s_desc_size); if (ext4_has_feature_64bit(sb)) { if (sbi->s_desc_size < EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT || sbi->s_desc_size > EXT4_MAX_DESC_SIZE || !is_power_of_2(sbi->s_desc_size)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "unsupported descriptor size %lu", sbi->s_desc_size); goto failed_mount; } } else sbi->s_desc_size = EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE; sbi->s_blocks_per_group = le32_to_cpu(es->s_blocks_per_group); sbi->s_inodes_per_group = le32_to_cpu(es->s_inodes_per_group); sbi->s_inodes_per_block = blocksize / EXT4_INODE_SIZE(sb); if (sbi->s_inodes_per_block == 0) goto cantfind_ext4; if (sbi->s_inodes_per_group < sbi->s_inodes_per_block || sbi->s_inodes_per_group > blocksize * 8) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "invalid inodes per group: %lu\n", sbi->s_inodes_per_group); goto failed_mount; } sbi->s_itb_per_group = sbi->s_inodes_per_group / sbi->s_inodes_per_block; sbi->s_desc_per_block = blocksize / EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb); sbi->s_sbh = bh; sbi->s_mount_state = le16_to_cpu(es->s_state); sbi->s_addr_per_block_bits = ilog2(EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(sb)); sbi->s_desc_per_block_bits = ilog2(EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb)); for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) sbi->s_hash_seed[i] = le32_to_cpu(es->s_hash_seed[i]); sbi->s_def_hash_version = es->s_def_hash_version; if (ext4_has_feature_dir_index(sb)) { i = le32_to_cpu(es->s_flags); if (i & EXT2_FLAGS_UNSIGNED_HASH) sbi->s_hash_unsigned = 3; else if ((i & EXT2_FLAGS_SIGNED_HASH) == 0) { #ifdef __CHAR_UNSIGNED__ if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) es->s_flags |= cpu_to_le32(EXT2_FLAGS_UNSIGNED_HASH); sbi->s_hash_unsigned = 3; #else if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) es->s_flags |= cpu_to_le32(EXT2_FLAGS_SIGNED_HASH); #endif } } /* Handle clustersize */ clustersize = BLOCK_SIZE << le32_to_cpu(es->s_log_cluster_size); if (ext4_has_feature_bigalloc(sb)) { if (clustersize < blocksize) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "cluster size (%d) smaller than " "block size (%d)", clustersize, blocksize); goto failed_mount; } sbi->s_cluster_bits = le32_to_cpu(es->s_log_cluster_size) - le32_to_cpu(es->s_log_block_size); sbi->s_clusters_per_group = le32_to_cpu(es->s_clusters_per_group); if (sbi->s_clusters_per_group > blocksize * 8) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "#clusters per group too big: %lu", sbi->s_clusters_per_group); goto failed_mount; } if (sbi->s_blocks_per_group != (sbi->s_clusters_per_group * (clustersize / blocksize))) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "blocks per group (%lu) and " "clusters per group (%lu) inconsistent", sbi->s_blocks_per_group, sbi->s_clusters_per_group); goto failed_mount; } } else { if (clustersize != blocksize) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "fragment/cluster size (%d) != " "block size (%d)", clustersize, blocksize); goto failed_mount; } if (sbi->s_blocks_per_group > blocksize * 8) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "#blocks per group too big: %lu", sbi->s_blocks_per_group); goto failed_mount; } sbi->s_clusters_per_group = sbi->s_blocks_per_group; sbi->s_cluster_bits = 0; } sbi->s_cluster_ratio = clustersize / blocksize; /* Do we have standard group size of clustersize * 8 blocks ? */ if (sbi->s_blocks_per_group == clustersize << 3) set_opt2(sb, STD_GROUP_SIZE); /* * Test whether we have more sectors than will fit in sector_t, * and whether the max offset is addressable by the page cache. */ err = generic_check_addressable(sb->s_blocksize_bits, ext4_blocks_count(es)); if (err) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "filesystem" " too large to mount safely on this system"); goto failed_mount; } if (EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) == 0) goto cantfind_ext4; /* check blocks count against device size */ blocks_count = sb->s_bdev->bd_inode->i_size >> sb->s_blocksize_bits; if (blocks_count && ext4_blocks_count(es) > blocks_count) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "bad geometry: block count %llu " "exceeds size of device (%llu blocks)", ext4_blocks_count(es), blocks_count); goto failed_mount; } /* * It makes no sense for the first data block to be beyond the end * of the filesystem. */ if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block) >= ext4_blocks_count(es)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "bad geometry: first data " "block %u is beyond end of filesystem (%llu)", le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block), ext4_blocks_count(es)); goto failed_mount; } if ((es->s_first_data_block == 0) && (es->s_log_block_size == 0) && (sbi->s_cluster_ratio == 1)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "bad geometry: first data " "block is 0 with a 1k block and cluster size"); goto failed_mount; } blocks_count = (ext4_blocks_count(es) - le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block) + EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) - 1); do_div(blocks_count, EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb)); if (blocks_count > ((uint64_t)1<<32) - EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "groups count too large: %llu " "(block count %llu, first data block %u, " "blocks per group %lu)", blocks_count, ext4_blocks_count(es), le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block), EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb)); goto failed_mount; } sbi->s_groups_count = blocks_count; sbi->s_blockfile_groups = min_t(ext4_group_t, sbi->s_groups_count, (EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_FILE_PHYS / EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb))); if (((u64)sbi->s_groups_count * sbi->s_inodes_per_group) != le32_to_cpu(es->s_inodes_count)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "inodes count not valid: %u vs %llu", le32_to_cpu(es->s_inodes_count), ((u64)sbi->s_groups_count * sbi->s_inodes_per_group)); ret = -EINVAL; goto failed_mount; } db_count = (sbi->s_groups_count + EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 1) / EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb); if (ext4_has_feature_meta_bg(sb)) { if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_meta_bg) > db_count) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "first meta block group too large: %u " "(group descriptor block count %u)", le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_meta_bg), db_count); goto failed_mount; } } rcu_assign_pointer(sbi->s_group_desc, kvmalloc_array(db_count, sizeof(struct buffer_head *), GFP_KERNEL)); if (sbi->s_group_desc == NULL) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "not enough memory"); ret = -ENOMEM; goto failed_mount; } bgl_lock_init(sbi->s_blockgroup_lock); /* Pre-read the descriptors into the buffer cache */ for (i = 0; i < db_count; i++) { block = descriptor_loc(sb, logical_sb_block, i); ext4_sb_breadahead_unmovable(sb, block); } for (i = 0; i < db_count; i++) { struct buffer_head *bh; block = descriptor_loc(sb, logical_sb_block, i); bh = ext4_sb_bread_unmovable(sb, block); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't read group descriptor %d", i); db_count = i; ret = PTR_ERR(bh); bh = NULL; goto failed_mount2; } rcu_read_lock(); rcu_dereference(sbi->s_group_desc)[i] = bh; rcu_read_unlock(); } sbi->s_gdb_count = db_count; if (!ext4_check_descriptors(sb, logical_sb_block, &first_not_zeroed)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "group descriptors corrupted!"); ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto failed_mount2; } timer_setup(&sbi->s_err_report, print_daily_error_info, 0); /* Register extent status tree shrinker */ if (ext4_es_register_shrinker(sbi)) goto failed_mount3; sbi->s_stripe = ext4_get_stripe_size(sbi); sbi->s_extent_max_zeroout_kb = 32; /* * set up enough so that it can read an inode */ sb->s_op = &ext4_sops; sb->s_export_op = &ext4_export_ops; sb->s_xattr = ext4_xattr_handlers; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION sb->s_cop = &ext4_cryptops; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY sb->s_vop = &ext4_verityops; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA sb->dq_op = &ext4_quota_operations; if (ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)) sb->s_qcop = &dquot_quotactl_sysfile_ops; else sb->s_qcop = &ext4_qctl_operations; sb->s_quota_types = QTYPE_MASK_USR | QTYPE_MASK_GRP | QTYPE_MASK_PRJ; #endif memcpy(&sb->s_uuid, es->s_uuid, sizeof(es->s_uuid)); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sbi->s_orphan); /* unlinked but open files */ mutex_init(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); /* Initialize fast commit stuff */ atomic_set(&sbi->s_fc_subtid, 0); atomic_set(&sbi->s_fc_ineligible_updates, 0); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sbi->s_fc_q[FC_Q_MAIN]); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sbi->s_fc_q[FC_Q_STAGING]); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sbi->s_fc_dentry_q[FC_Q_MAIN]); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sbi->s_fc_dentry_q[FC_Q_STAGING]); sbi->s_fc_bytes = 0; ext4_clear_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FC_INELIGIBLE); ext4_clear_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FC_COMMITTING); spin_lock_init(&sbi->s_fc_lock); memset(&sbi->s_fc_stats, 0, sizeof(sbi->s_fc_stats)); sbi->s_fc_replay_state.fc_regions = NULL; sbi->s_fc_replay_state.fc_regions_size = 0; sbi->s_fc_replay_state.fc_regions_used = 0; sbi->s_fc_replay_state.fc_regions_valid = 0; sbi->s_fc_replay_state.fc_modified_inodes = NULL; sbi->s_fc_replay_state.fc_modified_inodes_size = 0; sbi->s_fc_replay_state.fc_modified_inodes_used = 0; sb->s_root = NULL; needs_recovery = (es->s_last_orphan != 0 || ext4_has_feature_journal_needs_recovery(sb)); if (ext4_has_feature_mmp(sb) && !sb_rdonly(sb)) if (ext4_multi_mount_protect(sb, le64_to_cpu(es->s_mmp_block))) goto failed_mount3a; /* * The first inode we look at is the journal inode. Don't try * root first: it may be modified in the journal! */ if (!test_opt(sb, NOLOAD) && ext4_has_feature_journal(sb)) { err = ext4_load_journal(sb, es, journal_devnum); if (err) goto failed_mount3a; } else if (test_opt(sb, NOLOAD) && !sb_rdonly(sb) && ext4_has_feature_journal_needs_recovery(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "required journal recovery " "suppressed and not mounted read-only"); goto failed_mount_wq; } else { /* Nojournal mode, all journal mount options are illegal */ if (test_opt2(sb, EXPLICIT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with " "journal_checksum, fs mounted w/o journal"); goto failed_mount_wq; } if (test_opt(sb, JOURNAL_ASYNC_COMMIT)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with " "journal_async_commit, fs mounted w/o journal"); goto failed_mount_wq; } if (sbi->s_commit_interval != JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE*HZ) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with " "commit=%lu, fs mounted w/o journal", sbi->s_commit_interval / HZ); goto failed_mount_wq; } if (EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_FLAGS & (sbi->s_mount_opt ^ sbi->s_def_mount_opt)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with " "data=, fs mounted w/o journal"); goto failed_mount_wq; } sbi->s_def_mount_opt &= ~EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM; clear_opt(sb, JOURNAL_CHECKSUM); clear_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS); clear_opt2(sb, JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT); sbi->s_journal = NULL; needs_recovery = 0; goto no_journal; } if (ext4_has_feature_64bit(sb) && !jbd2_journal_set_features(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal, 0, 0, JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Failed to set 64-bit journal feature"); goto failed_mount_wq; } if (!set_journal_csum_feature_set(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Failed to set journal checksum " "feature set"); goto failed_mount_wq; } if (test_opt2(sb, JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT) && !jbd2_journal_set_features(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal, 0, 0, JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FAST_COMMIT)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Failed to set fast commit journal feature"); goto failed_mount_wq; } /* We have now updated the journal if required, so we can * validate the data journaling mode. */ switch (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS)) { case 0: /* No mode set, assume a default based on the journal * capabilities: ORDERED_DATA if the journal can * cope, else JOURNAL_DATA */ if (jbd2_journal_check_available_features (sbi->s_journal, 0, 0, JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE)) { set_opt(sb, ORDERED_DATA); sbi->s_def_mount_opt |= EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA; } else { set_opt(sb, JOURNAL_DATA); sbi->s_def_mount_opt |= EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA; } break; case EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA: case EXT4_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA: if (!jbd2_journal_check_available_features (sbi->s_journal, 0, 0, JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Journal does not support " "requested data journaling mode"); goto failed_mount_wq; } default: break; } if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA && test_opt(sb, JOURNAL_ASYNC_COMMIT)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with " "journal_async_commit in data=ordered mode"); goto failed_mount_wq; } set_task_ioprio(sbi->s_journal->j_task, journal_ioprio); sbi->s_journal->j_submit_inode_data_buffers = ext4_journal_submit_inode_data_buffers; sbi->s_journal->j_finish_inode_data_buffers = ext4_journal_finish_inode_data_buffers; no_journal: if (!test_opt(sb, NO_MBCACHE)) { sbi->s_ea_block_cache = ext4_xattr_create_cache(); if (!sbi->s_ea_block_cache) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Failed to create ea_block_cache"); goto failed_mount_wq; } if (ext4_has_feature_ea_inode(sb)) { sbi->s_ea_inode_cache = ext4_xattr_create_cache(); if (!sbi->s_ea_inode_cache) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Failed to create ea_inode_cache"); goto failed_mount_wq; } } } if (ext4_has_feature_verity(sb) && blocksize != PAGE_SIZE) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Unsupported blocksize for fs-verity"); goto failed_mount_wq; } if (DUMMY_ENCRYPTION_ENABLED(sbi) && !sb_rdonly(sb) && !ext4_has_feature_encrypt(sb)) { ext4_set_feature_encrypt(sb); ext4_commit_super(sb, 1); } /* * Get the # of file system overhead blocks from the * superblock if present. */ if (es->s_overhead_clusters) sbi->s_overhead = le32_to_cpu(es->s_overhead_clusters); else { err = ext4_calculate_overhead(sb); if (err) goto failed_mount_wq; } /* * The maximum number of concurrent works can be high and * concurrency isn't really necessary. Limit it to 1. */ EXT4_SB(sb)->rsv_conversion_wq = alloc_workqueue("ext4-rsv-conversion", WQ_MEM_RECLAIM | WQ_UNBOUND, 1); if (!EXT4_SB(sb)->rsv_conversion_wq) { printk(KERN_ERR "EXT4-fs: failed to create workqueue\n"); ret = -ENOMEM; goto failed_mount4; } /* * The jbd2_journal_load will have done any necessary log recovery, * so we can safely mount the rest of the filesystem now. */ root = ext4_iget(sb, EXT4_ROOT_INO, EXT4_IGET_SPECIAL); if (IS_ERR(root)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "get root inode failed"); ret = PTR_ERR(root); root = NULL; goto failed_mount4; } if (!S_ISDIR(root->i_mode) || !root->i_blocks || !root->i_size) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "corrupt root inode, run e2fsck"); iput(root); goto failed_mount4; } #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE if (sb->s_encoding) sb->s_d_op = &ext4_dentry_ops; #endif sb->s_root = d_make_root(root); if (!sb->s_root) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "get root dentry failed"); ret = -ENOMEM; goto failed_mount4; } ret = ext4_setup_super(sb, es, sb_rdonly(sb)); if (ret == -EROFS) { sb->s_flags |= SB_RDONLY; ret = 0; } else if (ret) goto failed_mount4a; ext4_set_resv_clusters(sb); if (test_opt(sb, BLOCK_VALIDITY)) { err = ext4_setup_system_zone(sb); if (err) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "failed to initialize system " "zone (%d)", err); goto failed_mount4a; } } ext4_fc_replay_cleanup(sb); ext4_ext_init(sb); err = ext4_mb_init(sb); if (err) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "failed to initialize mballoc (%d)", err); goto failed_mount5; } /* * We can only set up the journal commit callback once * mballoc is initialized */ if (sbi->s_journal) sbi->s_journal->j_commit_callback = ext4_journal_commit_callback; block = ext4_count_free_clusters(sb); ext4_free_blocks_count_set(sbi->s_es, EXT4_C2B(sbi, block)); ext4_superblock_csum_set(sb); err = percpu_counter_init(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter, block, GFP_KERNEL); if (!err) { unsigned long freei = ext4_count_free_inodes(sb); sbi->s_es->s_free_inodes_count = cpu_to_le32(freei); ext4_superblock_csum_set(sb); err = percpu_counter_init(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter, freei, GFP_KERNEL); } if (!err) err = percpu_counter_init(&sbi->s_dirs_counter, ext4_count_dirs(sb), GFP_KERNEL); if (!err) err = percpu_counter_init(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter, 0, GFP_KERNEL); if (!err) err = percpu_counter_init(&sbi->s_sra_exceeded_retry_limit, 0, GFP_KERNEL); if (!err) err = percpu_init_rwsem(&sbi->s_writepages_rwsem); if (err) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "insufficient memory"); goto failed_mount6; } if (ext4_has_feature_flex_bg(sb)) if (!ext4_fill_flex_info(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "unable to initialize " "flex_bg meta info!"); ret = -ENOMEM; goto failed_mount6; } err = ext4_register_li_request(sb, first_not_zeroed); if (err) goto failed_mount6; err = ext4_register_sysfs(sb); if (err) goto failed_mount7; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* Enable quota usage during mount. */ if (ext4_has_feature_quota(sb) && !sb_rdonly(sb)) { err = ext4_enable_quotas(sb); if (err) goto failed_mount8; } #endif /* CONFIG_QUOTA */ /* * Save the original bdev mapping's wb_err value which could be * used to detect the metadata async write error. */ spin_lock_init(&sbi->s_bdev_wb_lock); errseq_check_and_advance(&sb->s_bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping->wb_err, &sbi->s_bdev_wb_err); sb->s_bdev->bd_super = sb; EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state |= EXT4_ORPHAN_FS; ext4_orphan_cleanup(sb, es); EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state &= ~EXT4_ORPHAN_FS; if (needs_recovery) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "recovery complete"); err = ext4_mark_recovery_complete(sb, es); if (err) goto failed_mount8; } if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal) { if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA) descr = " journalled data mode"; else if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA) descr = " ordered data mode"; else descr = " writeback data mode"; } else descr = "out journal"; if (test_opt(sb, DISCARD)) { struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(sb->s_bdev); if (!blk_queue_discard(q)) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "mounting with \"discard\" option, but " "the device does not support discard"); } if (___ratelimit(&ext4_mount_msg_ratelimit, "EXT4-fs mount")) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "mounted filesystem with%s. " "Opts: %.*s%s%s", descr, (int) sizeof(sbi->s_es->s_mount_opts), sbi->s_es->s_mount_opts, *sbi->s_es->s_mount_opts ? "; " : "", orig_data); if (es->s_error_count) mod_timer(&sbi->s_err_report, jiffies + 300*HZ); /* 5 minutes */ /* Enable message ratelimiting. Default is 10 messages per 5 secs. */ ratelimit_state_init(&sbi->s_err_ratelimit_state, 5 * HZ, 10); ratelimit_state_init(&sbi->s_warning_ratelimit_state, 5 * HZ, 10); ratelimit_state_init(&sbi->s_msg_ratelimit_state, 5 * HZ, 10); atomic_set(&sbi->s_warning_count, 0); atomic_set(&sbi->s_msg_count, 0); kfree(orig_data); return 0; cantfind_ext4: if (!silent) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "VFS: Can't find ext4 filesystem"); goto failed_mount; failed_mount8: ext4_unregister_sysfs(sb); kobject_put(&sbi->s_kobj); failed_mount7: ext4_unregister_li_request(sb); failed_mount6: ext4_mb_release(sb); rcu_read_lock(); flex_groups = rcu_dereference(sbi->s_flex_groups); if (flex_groups) { for (i = 0; i < sbi->s_flex_groups_allocated; i++) kvfree(flex_groups[i]); kvfree(flex_groups); } rcu_read_unlock(); percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter); percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter); percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_dirs_counter); percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter); percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_sra_exceeded_retry_limit); percpu_free_rwsem(&sbi->s_writepages_rwsem); failed_mount5: ext4_ext_release(sb); ext4_release_system_zone(sb); failed_mount4a: dput(sb->s_root); sb->s_root = NULL; failed_mount4: ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "mount failed"); if (EXT4_SB(sb)->rsv_conversion_wq) destroy_workqueue(EXT4_SB(sb)->rsv_conversion_wq); failed_mount_wq: ext4_xattr_destroy_cache(sbi->s_ea_inode_cache); sbi->s_ea_inode_cache = NULL; ext4_xattr_destroy_cache(sbi->s_ea_block_cache); sbi->s_ea_block_cache = NULL; if (sbi->s_journal) { jbd2_journal_destroy(sbi->s_journal); sbi->s_journal = NULL; } failed_mount3a: ext4_es_unregister_shrinker(sbi); failed_mount3: del_timer_sync(&sbi->s_err_report); ext4_stop_mmpd(sbi); failed_mount2: rcu_read_lock(); group_desc = rcu_dereference(sbi->s_group_desc); for (i = 0; i < db_count; i++) brelse(group_desc[i]); kvfree(group_desc); rcu_read_unlock(); failed_mount: if (sbi->s_chksum_driver) crypto_free_shash(sbi->s_chksum_driver); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE utf8_unload(sb->s_encoding); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA for (i = 0; i < EXT4_MAXQUOTAS; i++) kfree(get_qf_name(sb, sbi, i)); #endif fscrypt_free_dummy_policy(&sbi->s_dummy_enc_policy); /* ext4_blkdev_remove() calls kill_bdev(), release bh before it. */ brelse(bh); ext4_blkdev_remove(sbi); out_fail: sb->s_fs_info = NULL; kfree(sbi->s_blockgroup_lock); out_free_base: kfree(sbi); kfree(orig_data); fs_put_dax(dax_dev); return err ? err : ret; } /* * Setup any per-fs journal parameters now. We'll do this both on * initial mount, once the journal has been initialised but before we've * done any recovery; and again on any subsequent remount. */ static void ext4_init_journal_params(struct super_block *sb, journal_t *journal) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); journal->j_commit_interval = sbi->s_commit_interval; journal->j_min_batch_time = sbi->s_min_batch_time; journal->j_max_batch_time = sbi->s_max_batch_time; ext4_fc_init(sb, journal); write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); if (test_opt(sb, BARRIER)) journal->j_flags |= JBD2_BARRIER; else journal->j_flags &= ~JBD2_BARRIER; if (test_opt(sb, DATA_ERR_ABORT)) journal->j_flags |= JBD2_ABORT_ON_SYNCDATA_ERR; else journal->j_flags &= ~JBD2_ABORT_ON_SYNCDATA_ERR; write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); } static struct inode *ext4_get_journal_inode(struct super_block *sb, unsigned int journal_inum) { struct inode *journal_inode; /* * Test for the existence of a valid inode on disk. Bad things * happen if we iget() an unused inode, as the subsequent iput() * will try to delete it. */ journal_inode = ext4_iget(sb, journal_inum, EXT4_IGET_SPECIAL); if (IS_ERR(journal_inode)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "no journal found"); return NULL; } if (!journal_inode->i_nlink) { make_bad_inode(journal_inode); iput(journal_inode); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "journal inode is deleted"); return NULL; } jbd_debug(2, "Journal inode found at %p: %lld bytes\n", journal_inode, journal_inode->i_size); if (!S_ISREG(journal_inode->i_mode)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "invalid journal inode"); iput(journal_inode); return NULL; } return journal_inode; } static journal_t *ext4_get_journal(struct super_block *sb, unsigned int journal_inum) { struct inode *journal_inode; journal_t *journal; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!ext4_has_feature_journal(sb))) return NULL; journal_inode = ext4_get_journal_inode(sb, journal_inum); if (!journal_inode) return NULL; journal = jbd2_journal_init_inode(journal_inode); if (!journal) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "Could not load journal inode"); iput(journal_inode); return NULL; } journal->j_private = sb; ext4_init_journal_params(sb, journal); return journal; } static journal_t *ext4_get_dev_journal(struct super_block *sb, dev_t j_dev) { struct buffer_head *bh; journal_t *journal; ext4_fsblk_t start; ext4_fsblk_t len; int hblock, blocksize; ext4_fsblk_t sb_block; unsigned long offset; struct ext4_super_block *es; struct block_device *bdev; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!ext4_has_feature_journal(sb))) return NULL; bdev = ext4_blkdev_get(j_dev, sb); if (bdev == NULL) return NULL; blocksize = sb->s_blocksize; hblock = bdev_logical_block_size(bdev); if (blocksize < hblock) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "blocksize too small for journal device"); goto out_bdev; } sb_block = EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE / blocksize; offset = EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE % blocksize; set_blocksize(bdev, blocksize); if (!(bh = __bread(bdev, sb_block, blocksize))) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "couldn't read superblock of " "external journal"); goto out_bdev; } es = (struct ext4_super_block *) (bh->b_data + offset); if ((le16_to_cpu(es->s_magic) != EXT4_SUPER_MAGIC) || !(le32_to_cpu(es->s_feature_incompat) & EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_JOURNAL_DEV)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "external journal has " "bad superblock"); brelse(bh); goto out_bdev; } if ((le32_to_cpu(es->s_feature_ro_compat) & EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM) && es->s_checksum != ext4_superblock_csum(sb, es)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "external journal has " "corrupt superblock"); brelse(bh); goto out_bdev; } if (memcmp(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_journal_uuid, es->s_uuid, 16)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "journal UUID does not match"); brelse(bh); goto out_bdev; } len = ext4_blocks_count(es); start = sb_block + 1; brelse(bh); /* we're done with the superblock */ journal = jbd2_journal_init_dev(bdev, sb->s_bdev, start, len, blocksize); if (!journal) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "failed to create device journal"); goto out_bdev; } journal->j_private = sb; if (ext4_read_bh_lock(journal->j_sb_buffer, REQ_META | REQ_PRIO, true)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "I/O error on journal device"); goto out_journal; } if (be32_to_cpu(journal->j_superblock->s_nr_users) != 1) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "External journal has more than one " "user (unsupported) - %d", be32_to_cpu(journal->j_superblock->s_nr_users)); goto out_journal; } EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal_bdev = bdev; ext4_init_journal_params(sb, journal); return journal; out_journal: jbd2_journal_destroy(journal); out_bdev: ext4_blkdev_put(bdev); return NULL; } static int ext4_load_journal(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es, unsigned long journal_devnum) { journal_t *journal; unsigned int journal_inum = le32_to_cpu(es->s_journal_inum); dev_t journal_dev; int err = 0; int really_read_only; int journal_dev_ro; if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!ext4_has_feature_journal(sb))) return -EFSCORRUPTED; if (journal_devnum && journal_devnum != le32_to_cpu(es->s_journal_dev)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "external journal device major/minor " "numbers have changed"); journal_dev = new_decode_dev(journal_devnum); } else journal_dev = new_decode_dev(le32_to_cpu(es->s_journal_dev)); if (journal_inum && journal_dev) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "filesystem has both journal inode and journal device!"); return -EINVAL; } if (journal_inum) { journal = ext4_get_journal(sb, journal_inum); if (!journal) return -EINVAL; } else { journal = ext4_get_dev_journal(sb, journal_dev); if (!journal) return -EINVAL; } journal_dev_ro = bdev_read_only(journal->j_dev); really_read_only = bdev_read_only(sb->s_bdev) | journal_dev_ro; if (journal_dev_ro && !sb_rdonly(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "journal device read-only, try mounting with '-o ro'"); err = -EROFS; goto err_out; } /* * Are we loading a blank journal or performing recovery after a * crash? For recovery, we need to check in advance whether we * can get read-write access to the device. */ if (ext4_has_feature_journal_needs_recovery(sb)) { if (sb_rdonly(sb)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "INFO: recovery " "required on readonly filesystem"); if (really_read_only) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "write access " "unavailable, cannot proceed " "(try mounting with noload)"); err = -EROFS; goto err_out; } ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "write access will " "be enabled during recovery"); } } if (!(journal->j_flags & JBD2_BARRIER)) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "barriers disabled"); if (!ext4_has_feature_journal_needs_recovery(sb)) err = jbd2_journal_wipe(journal, !really_read_only); if (!err) { char *save = kmalloc(EXT4_S_ERR_LEN, GFP_KERNEL); if (save) memcpy(save, ((char *) es) + EXT4_S_ERR_START, EXT4_S_ERR_LEN); err = jbd2_journal_load(journal); if (save) memcpy(((char *) es) + EXT4_S_ERR_START, save, EXT4_S_ERR_LEN); kfree(save); } if (err) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "error loading journal"); goto err_out; } EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal = journal; err = ext4_clear_journal_err(sb, es); if (err) { EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal = NULL; jbd2_journal_destroy(journal); return err; } if (!really_read_only && journal_devnum && journal_devnum != le32_to_cpu(es->s_journal_dev)) { es->s_journal_dev = cpu_to_le32(journal_devnum); /* Make sure we flush the recovery flag to disk. */ ext4_commit_super(sb, 1); } return 0; err_out: jbd2_journal_destroy(journal); return err; } static int ext4_commit_super(struct super_block *sb, int sync) { struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es; struct buffer_head *sbh = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh; int error = 0; if (!sbh) return -EINVAL; if (block_device_ejected(sb)) return -ENODEV; /* * If the file system is mounted read-only, don't update the * superblock write time. This avoids updating the superblock * write time when we are mounting the root file system * read/only but we need to replay the journal; at that point, * for people who are east of GMT and who make their clock * tick in localtime for Windows bug-for-bug compatibility, * the clock is set in the future, and this will cause e2fsck * to complain and force a full file system check. */ if (!(sb->s_flags & SB_RDONLY)) ext4_update_tstamp(es, s_wtime); if (sb->s_bdev->bd_part) es->s_kbytes_written = cpu_to_le64(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_kbytes_written + ((part_stat_read(sb->s_bdev->bd_part, sectors[STAT_WRITE]) - EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sectors_written_start) >> 1)); else es->s_kbytes_written = cpu_to_le64(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_kbytes_written); if (percpu_counter_initialized(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_freeclusters_counter)) ext4_free_blocks_count_set(es, EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(sb), percpu_counter_sum_positive( &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_freeclusters_counter))); if (percpu_counter_initialized(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_freeinodes_counter)) es->s_free_inodes_count = cpu_to_le32(percpu_counter_sum_positive( &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_freeinodes_counter)); BUFFER_TRACE(sbh, "marking dirty"); ext4_superblock_csum_set(sb); if (sync) lock_buffer(sbh); if (buffer_write_io_error(sbh) || !buffer_uptodate(sbh)) { /* * Oh, dear. A previous attempt to write the * superblock failed. This could happen because the * USB device was yanked out. Or it could happen to * be a transient write error and maybe the block will * be remapped. Nothing we can do but to retry the * write and hope for the best. */ ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "previous I/O error to " "superblock detected"); clear_buffer_write_io_error(sbh); set_buffer_uptodate(sbh); } mark_buffer_dirty(sbh); if (sync) { unlock_buffer(sbh); error = __sync_dirty_buffer(sbh, REQ_SYNC | (test_opt(sb, BARRIER) ? REQ_FUA : 0)); if (buffer_write_io_error(sbh)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "I/O error while writing " "superblock"); clear_buffer_write_io_error(sbh); set_buffer_uptodate(sbh); } } return error; } /* * Have we just finished recovery? If so, and if we are mounting (or * remounting) the filesystem readonly, then we will end up with a * consistent fs on disk. Record that fact. */ static int ext4_mark_recovery_complete(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es) { int err; journal_t *journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal; if (!ext4_has_feature_journal(sb)) { if (journal != NULL) { ext4_error(sb, "Journal got removed while the fs was " "mounted!"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } return 0; } jbd2_journal_lock_updates(journal); err = jbd2_journal_flush(journal); if (err < 0) goto out; if (ext4_has_feature_journal_needs_recovery(sb) && sb_rdonly(sb)) { ext4_clear_feature_journal_needs_recovery(sb); ext4_commit_super(sb, 1); } out: jbd2_journal_unlock_updates(journal); return err; } /* * If we are mounting (or read-write remounting) a filesystem whose journal * has recorded an error from a previous lifetime, move that error to the * main filesystem now. */ static int ext4_clear_journal_err(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es) { journal_t *journal; int j_errno; const char *errstr; if (!ext4_has_feature_journal(sb)) { ext4_error(sb, "Journal got removed while the fs was mounted!"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal; /* * Now check for any error status which may have been recorded in the * journal by a prior ext4_error() or ext4_abort() */ j_errno = jbd2_journal_errno(journal); if (j_errno) { char nbuf[16]; errstr = ext4_decode_error(sb, j_errno, nbuf); ext4_warning(sb, "Filesystem error recorded " "from previous mount: %s", errstr); ext4_warning(sb, "Marking fs in need of filesystem check."); EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state |= EXT4_ERROR_FS; es->s_state |= cpu_to_le16(EXT4_ERROR_FS); ext4_commit_super(sb, 1); jbd2_journal_clear_err(journal); jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno(journal); } return 0; } /* * Force the running and committing transactions to commit, * and wait on the commit. */ int ext4_force_commit(struct super_block *sb) { journal_t *journal; if (sb_rdonly(sb)) return 0; journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal; return ext4_journal_force_commit(journal); } static int ext4_sync_fs(struct super_block *sb, int wait) { int ret = 0; tid_t target; bool needs_barrier = false; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(sbi))) return 0; trace_ext4_sync_fs(sb, wait); flush_workqueue(sbi->rsv_conversion_wq); /* * Writeback quota in non-journalled quota case - journalled quota has * no dirty dquots */ dquot_writeback_dquots(sb, -1); /* * Data writeback is possible w/o journal transaction, so barrier must * being sent at the end of the function. But we can skip it if * transaction_commit will do it for us. */ if (sbi->s_journal) { target = jbd2_get_latest_transaction(sbi->s_journal); if (wait && sbi->s_journal->j_flags & JBD2_BARRIER && !jbd2_trans_will_send_data_barrier(sbi->s_journal, target)) needs_barrier = true; if (jbd2_journal_start_commit(sbi->s_journal, &target)) { if (wait) ret = jbd2_log_wait_commit(sbi->s_journal, target); } } else if (wait && test_opt(sb, BARRIER)) needs_barrier = true; if (needs_barrier) { int err; err = blkdev_issue_flush(sb->s_bdev, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ret) ret = err; } return ret; } /* * LVM calls this function before a (read-only) snapshot is created. This * gives us a chance to flush the journal completely and mark the fs clean. * * Note that only this function cannot bring a filesystem to be in a clean * state independently. It relies on upper layer to stop all data & metadata * modifications. */ static int ext4_freeze(struct super_block *sb) { int error = 0; journal_t *journal; if (sb_rdonly(sb)) return 0; journal = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal; if (journal) { /* Now we set up the journal barrier. */ jbd2_journal_lock_updates(journal); /* * Don't clear the needs_recovery flag if we failed to * flush the journal. */ error = jbd2_journal_flush(journal); if (error < 0) goto out; /* Journal blocked and flushed, clear needs_recovery flag. */ ext4_clear_feature_journal_needs_recovery(sb); } error = ext4_commit_super(sb, 1); out: if (journal) /* we rely on upper layer to stop further updates */ jbd2_journal_unlock_updates(journal); return error; } /* * Called by LVM after the snapshot is done. We need to reset the RECOVER * flag here, even though the filesystem is not technically dirty yet. */ static int ext4_unfreeze(struct super_block *sb) { if (sb_rdonly(sb) || ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(sb))) return 0; if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal) { /* Reset the needs_recovery flag before the fs is unlocked. */ ext4_set_feature_journal_needs_recovery(sb); } ext4_commit_super(sb, 1); return 0; } /* * Structure to save mount options for ext4_remount's benefit */ struct ext4_mount_options { unsigned long s_mount_opt; unsigned long s_mount_opt2; kuid_t s_resuid; kgid_t s_resgid; unsigned long s_commit_interval; u32 s_min_batch_time, s_max_batch_time; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA int s_jquota_fmt; char *s_qf_names[EXT4_MAXQUOTAS]; #endif }; static int ext4_remount(struct super_block *sb, int *flags, char *data) { struct ext4_super_block *es; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); unsigned long old_sb_flags, vfs_flags; struct ext4_mount_options old_opts; int enable_quota = 0; ext4_group_t g; unsigned int journal_ioprio = DEFAULT_JOURNAL_IOPRIO; int err = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA int i, j; char *to_free[EXT4_MAXQUOTAS]; #endif char *orig_data = kstrdup(data, GFP_KERNEL); if (data && !orig_data) return -ENOMEM; /* Store the original options */ old_sb_flags = sb->s_flags; old_opts.s_mount_opt = sbi->s_mount_opt; old_opts.s_mount_opt2 = sbi->s_mount_opt2; old_opts.s_resuid = sbi->s_resuid; old_opts.s_resgid = sbi->s_resgid; old_opts.s_commit_interval = sbi->s_commit_interval; old_opts.s_min_batch_time = sbi->s_min_batch_time; old_opts.s_max_batch_time = sbi->s_max_batch_time; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA old_opts.s_jquota_fmt = sbi->s_jquota_fmt; for (i = 0; i < EXT4_MAXQUOTAS; i++) if (sbi->s_qf_names[i]) { char *qf_name = get_qf_name(sb, sbi, i); old_opts.s_qf_names[i] = kstrdup(qf_name, GFP_KERNEL); if (!old_opts.s_qf_names[i]) { for (j = 0; j < i; j++) kfree(old_opts.s_qf_names[j]); kfree(orig_data); return -ENOMEM; } } else old_opts.s_qf_names[i] = NULL; #endif if (sbi->s_journal && sbi->s_journal->j_task->io_context) journal_ioprio = sbi->s_journal->j_task->io_context->ioprio; /* * Some options can be enabled by ext4 and/or by VFS mount flag * either way we need to make sure it matches in both *flags and * s_flags. Copy those selected flags from *flags to s_flags */ vfs_flags = SB_LAZYTIME | SB_I_VERSION; sb->s_flags = (sb->s_flags & ~vfs_flags) | (*flags & vfs_flags); if (!parse_options(data, sb, NULL, &journal_ioprio, 1)) { err = -EINVAL; goto restore_opts; } if ((old_opts.s_mount_opt & EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM) ^ test_opt(sb, JOURNAL_CHECKSUM)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "changing journal_checksum " "during remount not supported; ignoring"); sbi->s_mount_opt ^= EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM; } if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA) { if (test_opt2(sb, EXPLICIT_DELALLOC)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with " "both data=journal and delalloc"); err = -EINVAL; goto restore_opts; } if (test_opt(sb, DIOREAD_NOLOCK)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with " "both data=journal and dioread_nolock"); err = -EINVAL; goto restore_opts; } } else if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA) { if (test_opt(sb, JOURNAL_ASYNC_COMMIT)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't mount with " "journal_async_commit in data=ordered mode"); err = -EINVAL; goto restore_opts; } } if ((sbi->s_mount_opt ^ old_opts.s_mount_opt) & EXT4_MOUNT_NO_MBCACHE) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "can't enable nombcache during remount"); err = -EINVAL; goto restore_opts; } if (ext4_test_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED)) ext4_abort(sb, EXT4_ERR_ESHUTDOWN, "Abort forced by user"); sb->s_flags = (sb->s_flags & ~SB_POSIXACL) | (test_opt(sb, POSIX_ACL) ? SB_POSIXACL : 0); es = sbi->s_es; if (sbi->s_journal) { ext4_init_journal_params(sb, sbi->s_journal); set_task_ioprio(sbi->s_journal->j_task, journal_ioprio); } if ((bool)(*flags & SB_RDONLY) != sb_rdonly(sb)) { if (ext4_test_mount_flag(sb, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED)) { err = -EROFS; goto restore_opts; } if (*flags & SB_RDONLY) { err = sync_filesystem(sb); if (err < 0) goto restore_opts; err = dquot_suspend(sb, -1); if (err < 0) goto restore_opts; /* * First of all, the unconditional stuff we have to do * to disable replay of the journal when we next remount */ sb->s_flags |= SB_RDONLY; /* * OK, test if we are remounting a valid rw partition * readonly, and if so set the rdonly flag and then * mark the partition as valid again. */ if (!(es->s_state & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_VALID_FS)) && (sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_VALID_FS)) es->s_state = cpu_to_le16(sbi->s_mount_state); if (sbi->s_journal) { /* * We let remount-ro finish even if marking fs * as clean failed... */ ext4_mark_recovery_complete(sb, es); } } else { /* Make sure we can mount this feature set readwrite */ if (ext4_has_feature_readonly(sb) || !ext4_feature_set_ok(sb, 0)) { err = -EROFS; goto restore_opts; } /* * Make sure the group descriptor checksums * are sane. If they aren't, refuse to remount r/w. */ for (g = 0; g < sbi->s_groups_count; g++) { struct ext4_group_desc *gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, g, NULL); if (!ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(sb, g, gdp)) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "ext4_remount: Checksum for group %u failed (%u!=%u)", g, le16_to_cpu(ext4_group_desc_csum(sb, g, gdp)), le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_checksum)); err = -EFSBADCRC; goto restore_opts; } } /* * If we have an unprocessed orphan list hanging * around from a previously readonly bdev mount, * require a full umount/remount for now. */ if (es->s_last_orphan) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Couldn't " "remount RDWR because of unprocessed " "orphan inode list. Please " "umount/remount instead"); err = -EINVAL; goto restore_opts; } /* * Mounting a RDONLY partition read-write, so reread * and store the current valid flag. (It may have * been changed by e2fsck since we originally mounted * the partition.) */ if (sbi->s_journal) { err = ext4_clear_journal_err(sb, es); if (err) goto restore_opts; } sbi->s_mount_state = le16_to_cpu(es->s_state); err = ext4_setup_super(sb, es, 0); if (err) goto restore_opts; sb->s_flags &= ~SB_RDONLY; if (ext4_has_feature_mmp(sb)) if (ext4_multi_mount_protect(sb, le64_to_cpu(es->s_mmp_block))) { err = -EROFS; goto restore_opts; } enable_quota = 1; } } /* * Reinitialize lazy itable initialization thread based on * current settings */ if (sb_rdonly(sb) || !test_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE)) ext4_unregister_li_request(sb); else { ext4_group_t first_not_zeroed; first_not_zeroed = ext4_has_uninit_itable(sb); ext4_register_li_request(sb, first_not_zeroed); } /* * Handle creation of system zone data early because it can fail. * Releasing of existing data is done when we are sure remount will * succeed. */ if (test_opt(sb, BLOCK_VALIDITY) && !sbi->s_system_blks) { err = ext4_setup_system_zone(sb); if (err) goto restore_opts; } if (sbi->s_journal == NULL && !(old_sb_flags & SB_RDONLY)) { err = ext4_commit_super(sb, 1); if (err) goto restore_opts; } #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* Release old quota file names */ for (i = 0; i < EXT4_MAXQUOTAS; i++) kfree(old_opts.s_qf_names[i]); if (enable_quota) { if (sb_any_quota_suspended(sb)) dquot_resume(sb, -1); else if (ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)) { err = ext4_enable_quotas(sb); if (err) goto restore_opts; } } #endif if (!test_opt(sb, BLOCK_VALIDITY) && sbi->s_system_blks) ext4_release_system_zone(sb); if (!ext4_has_feature_mmp(sb) || sb_rdonly(sb)) ext4_stop_mmpd(sbi); /* * Some options can be enabled by ext4 and/or by VFS mount flag * either way we need to make sure it matches in both *flags and * s_flags. Copy those selected flags from s_flags to *flags */ *flags = (*flags & ~vfs_flags) | (sb->s_flags & vfs_flags); ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "re-mounted. Opts: %s", orig_data); kfree(orig_data); return 0; restore_opts: sb->s_flags = old_sb_flags; sbi->s_mount_opt = old_opts.s_mount_opt; sbi->s_mount_opt2 = old_opts.s_mount_opt2; sbi->s_resuid = old_opts.s_resuid; sbi->s_resgid = old_opts.s_resgid; sbi->s_commit_interval = old_opts.s_commit_interval; sbi->s_min_batch_time = old_opts.s_min_batch_time; sbi->s_max_batch_time = old_opts.s_max_batch_time; if (!test_opt(sb, BLOCK_VALIDITY) && sbi->s_system_blks) ext4_release_system_zone(sb); #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA sbi->s_jquota_fmt = old_opts.s_jquota_fmt; for (i = 0; i < EXT4_MAXQUOTAS; i++) { to_free[i] = get_qf_name(sb, sbi, i); rcu_assign_pointer(sbi->s_qf_names[i], old_opts.s_qf_names[i]); } synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < EXT4_MAXQUOTAS; i++) kfree(to_free[i]); #endif if (!ext4_has_feature_mmp(sb) || sb_rdonly(sb)) ext4_stop_mmpd(sbi); kfree(orig_data); return err; } #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA static int ext4_statfs_project(struct super_block *sb, kprojid_t projid, struct kstatfs *buf) { struct kqid qid; struct dquot *dquot; u64 limit; u64 curblock; qid = make_kqid_projid(projid); dquot = dqget(sb, qid); if (IS_ERR(dquot)) return PTR_ERR(dquot); spin_lock(&dquot->dq_dqb_lock); limit = min_not_zero(dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_bsoftlimit, dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_bhardlimit); limit >>= sb->s_blocksize_bits; if (limit && buf->f_blocks > limit) { curblock = (dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_curspace + dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_rsvspace) >> sb->s_blocksize_bits; buf->f_blocks = limit; buf->f_bfree = buf->f_bavail = (buf->f_blocks > curblock) ? (buf->f_blocks - curblock) : 0; } limit = min_not_zero(dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_isoftlimit, dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_ihardlimit); if (limit && buf->f_files > limit) { buf->f_files = limit; buf->f_ffree = (buf->f_files > dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_curinodes) ? (buf->f_files - dquot->dq_dqb.dqb_curinodes) : 0; } spin_unlock(&dquot->dq_dqb_lock); dqput(dquot); return 0; } #endif static int ext4_statfs(struct dentry *dentry, struct kstatfs *buf) { struct super_block *sb = dentry->d_sb; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es; ext4_fsblk_t overhead = 0, resv_blocks; u64 fsid; s64 bfree; resv_blocks = EXT4_C2B(sbi, atomic64_read(&sbi->s_resv_clusters)); if (!test_opt(sb, MINIX_DF)) overhead = sbi->s_overhead; buf->f_type = EXT4_SUPER_MAGIC; buf->f_bsize = sb->s_blocksize; buf->f_blocks = ext4_blocks_count(es) - EXT4_C2B(sbi, overhead); bfree = percpu_counter_sum_positive(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter) - percpu_counter_sum_positive(&sbi->s_dirtyclusters_counter); /* prevent underflow in case that few free space is available */ buf->f_bfree = EXT4_C2B(sbi, max_t(s64, bfree, 0)); buf->f_bavail = buf->f_bfree - (ext4_r_blocks_count(es) + resv_blocks); if (buf->f_bfree < (ext4_r_blocks_count(es) + resv_blocks)) buf->f_bavail = 0; buf->f_files = le32_to_cpu(es->s_inodes_count); buf->f_ffree = percpu_counter_sum_positive(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter); buf->f_namelen = EXT4_NAME_LEN; fsid = le64_to_cpup((void *)es->s_uuid) ^ le64_to_cpup((void *)es->s_uuid + sizeof(u64)); buf->f_fsid = u64_to_fsid(fsid); #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA if (ext4_test_inode_flag(dentry->d_inode, EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT) && sb_has_quota_limits_enabled(sb, PRJQUOTA)) ext4_statfs_project(sb, EXT4_I(dentry->d_inode)->i_projid, buf); #endif return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* * Helper functions so that transaction is started before we acquire dqio_sem * to keep correct lock ordering of transaction > dqio_sem */ static inline struct inode *dquot_to_inode(struct dquot *dquot) { return sb_dqopt(dquot->dq_sb)->files[dquot->dq_id.type]; } static int ext4_write_dquot(struct dquot *dquot) { int ret, err; handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode; inode = dquot_to_inode(dquot); handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_QUOTA, EXT4_QUOTA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dquot->dq_sb)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); ret = dquot_commit(dquot); err = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!ret) ret = err; return ret; } static int ext4_acquire_dquot(struct dquot *dquot) { int ret, err; handle_t *handle; handle = ext4_journal_start(dquot_to_inode(dquot), EXT4_HT_QUOTA, EXT4_QUOTA_INIT_BLOCKS(dquot->dq_sb)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); ret = dquot_acquire(dquot); err = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!ret) ret = err; return ret; } static int ext4_release_dquot(struct dquot *dquot) { int ret, err; handle_t *handle; handle = ext4_journal_start(dquot_to_inode(dquot), EXT4_HT_QUOTA, EXT4_QUOTA_DEL_BLOCKS(dquot->dq_sb)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { /* Release dquot anyway to avoid endless cycle in dqput() */ dquot_release(dquot); return PTR_ERR(handle); } ret = dquot_release(dquot); err = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!ret) ret = err; return ret; } static int ext4_mark_dquot_dirty(struct dquot *dquot) { struct super_block *sb = dquot->dq_sb; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); /* Are we journaling quotas? */ if (ext4_has_feature_quota(sb) || sbi->s_qf_names[USRQUOTA] || sbi->s_qf_names[GRPQUOTA]) { dquot_mark_dquot_dirty(dquot); return ext4_write_dquot(dquot); } else { return dquot_mark_dquot_dirty(dquot); } } static int ext4_write_info(struct super_block *sb, int type) { int ret, err; handle_t *handle; /* Data block + inode block */ handle = ext4_journal_start(d_inode(sb->s_root), EXT4_HT_QUOTA, 2); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); ret = dquot_commit_info(sb, type); err = ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!ret) ret = err; return ret; } /* * Turn on quotas during mount time - we need to find * the quota file and such... */ static int ext4_quota_on_mount(struct super_block *sb, int type) { return dquot_quota_on_mount(sb, get_qf_name(sb, EXT4_SB(sb), type), EXT4_SB(sb)->s_jquota_fmt, type); } static void lockdep_set_quota_inode(struct inode *inode, int subclass) { struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); /* The first argument of lockdep_set_subclass has to be * *exactly* the same as the argument to init_rwsem() --- in * this case, in init_once() --- or lockdep gets unhappy * because the name of the lock is set using the * stringification of the argument to init_rwsem(). */ (void) ei; /* shut up clang warning if !CONFIG_LOCKDEP */ lockdep_set_subclass(&ei->i_data_sem, subclass); } /* * Standard function to be called on quota_on */ static int ext4_quota_on(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, const struct path *path) { int err; if (!test_opt(sb, QUOTA)) return -EINVAL; /* Quotafile not on the same filesystem? */ if (path->dentry->d_sb != sb) return -EXDEV; /* Quota already enabled for this file? */ if (IS_NOQUOTA(d_inode(path->dentry))) return -EBUSY; /* Journaling quota? */ if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_qf_names[type]) { /* Quotafile not in fs root? */ if (path->dentry->d_parent != sb->s_root) ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Quota file not on filesystem root. " "Journaled quota will not work"); sb_dqopt(sb)->flags |= DQUOT_NOLIST_DIRTY; } else { /* * Clear the flag just in case mount options changed since * last time. */ sb_dqopt(sb)->flags &= ~DQUOT_NOLIST_DIRTY; } /* * When we journal data on quota file, we have to flush journal to see * all updates to the file when we bypass pagecache... */ if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal && ext4_should_journal_data(d_inode(path->dentry))) { /* * We don't need to lock updates but journal_flush() could * otherwise be livelocked... */ jbd2_journal_lock_updates(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal); err = jbd2_journal_flush(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal); jbd2_journal_unlock_updates(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal); if (err) return err; } lockdep_set_quota_inode(path->dentry->d_inode, I_DATA_SEM_QUOTA); err = dquot_quota_on(sb, type, format_id, path); if (err) { lockdep_set_quota_inode(path->dentry->d_inode, I_DATA_SEM_NORMAL); } else { struct inode *inode = d_inode(path->dentry); handle_t *handle; /* * Set inode flags to prevent userspace from messing with quota * files. If this fails, we return success anyway since quotas * are already enabled and this is not a hard failure. */ inode_lock(inode); handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_QUOTA, 1); if (IS_ERR(handle)) goto unlock_inode; EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags |= EXT4_NOATIME_FL | EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL; inode_set_flags(inode, S_NOATIME | S_IMMUTABLE, S_NOATIME | S_IMMUTABLE); err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ext4_journal_stop(handle); unlock_inode: inode_unlock(inode); } return err; } static int ext4_quota_enable(struct super_block *sb, int type, int format_id, unsigned int flags) { int err; struct inode *qf_inode; unsigned long qf_inums[EXT4_MAXQUOTAS] = { le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_usr_quota_inum), le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_grp_quota_inum), le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_prj_quota_inum) }; BUG_ON(!ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)); if (!qf_inums[type]) return -EPERM; qf_inode = ext4_iget(sb, qf_inums[type], EXT4_IGET_SPECIAL); if (IS_ERR(qf_inode)) { ext4_error(sb, "Bad quota inode # %lu", qf_inums[type]); return PTR_ERR(qf_inode); } /* Don't account quota for quota files to avoid recursion */ qf_inode->i_flags |= S_NOQUOTA; lockdep_set_quota_inode(qf_inode, I_DATA_SEM_QUOTA); err = dquot_load_quota_inode(qf_inode, type, format_id, flags); if (err) lockdep_set_quota_inode(qf_inode, I_DATA_SEM_NORMAL); iput(qf_inode); return err; } /* Enable usage tracking for all quota types. */ static int ext4_enable_quotas(struct super_block *sb) { int type, err = 0; unsigned long qf_inums[EXT4_MAXQUOTAS] = { le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_usr_quota_inum), le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_grp_quota_inum), le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_prj_quota_inum) }; bool quota_mopt[EXT4_MAXQUOTAS] = { test_opt(sb, USRQUOTA), test_opt(sb, GRPQUOTA), test_opt(sb, PRJQUOTA), }; sb_dqopt(sb)->flags |= DQUOT_QUOTA_SYS_FILE | DQUOT_NOLIST_DIRTY; for (type = 0; type < EXT4_MAXQUOTAS; type++) { if (qf_inums[type]) { err = ext4_quota_enable(sb, type, QFMT_VFS_V1, DQUOT_USAGE_ENABLED | (quota_mopt[type] ? DQUOT_LIMITS_ENABLED : 0)); if (err) { ext4_warning(sb, "Failed to enable quota tracking " "(type=%d, err=%d). Please run " "e2fsck to fix.", type, err); for (type--; type >= 0; type--) dquot_quota_off(sb, type); return err; } } } return 0; } static int ext4_quota_off(struct super_block *sb, int type) { struct inode *inode = sb_dqopt(sb)->files[type]; handle_t *handle; int err; /* Force all delayed allocation blocks to be allocated. * Caller already holds s_umount sem */ if (test_opt(sb, DELALLOC)) sync_filesystem(sb); if (!inode || !igrab(inode)) goto out; err = dquot_quota_off(sb, type); if (err || ext4_has_feature_quota(sb)) goto out_put; inode_lock(inode); /* * Update modification times of quota files when userspace can * start looking at them. If we fail, we return success anyway since * this is not a hard failure and quotas are already disabled. */ handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_HT_QUOTA, 1); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { err = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out_unlock; } EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags &= ~(EXT4_NOATIME_FL | EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL); inode_set_flags(inode, 0, S_NOATIME | S_IMMUTABLE); inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); ext4_journal_stop(handle); out_unlock: inode_unlock(inode); out_put: lockdep_set_quota_inode(inode, I_DATA_SEM_NORMAL); iput(inode); return err; out: return dquot_quota_off(sb, type); } /* Read data from quotafile - avoid pagecache and such because we cannot afford * acquiring the locks... As quota files are never truncated and quota code * itself serializes the operations (and no one else should touch the files) * we don't have to be afraid of races */ static ssize_t ext4_quota_read(struct super_block *sb, int type, char *data, size_t len, loff_t off) { struct inode *inode = sb_dqopt(sb)->files[type]; ext4_lblk_t blk = off >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); int offset = off & (sb->s_blocksize - 1); int tocopy; size_t toread; struct buffer_head *bh; loff_t i_size = i_size_read(inode); if (off > i_size) return 0; if (off+len > i_size) len = i_size-off; toread = len; while (toread > 0) { tocopy = sb->s_blocksize - offset < toread ? sb->s_blocksize - offset : toread; bh = ext4_bread(NULL, inode, blk, 0); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); if (!bh) /* A hole? */ memset(data, 0, tocopy); else memcpy(data, bh->b_data+offset, tocopy); brelse(bh); offset = 0; toread -= tocopy; data += tocopy; blk++; } return len; } /* Write to quotafile (we know the transaction is already started and has * enough credits) */ static ssize_t ext4_quota_write(struct super_block *sb, int type, const char *data, size_t len, loff_t off) { struct inode *inode = sb_dqopt(sb)->files[type]; ext4_lblk_t blk = off >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); int err = 0, err2 = 0, offset = off & (sb->s_blocksize - 1); int retries = 0; struct buffer_head *bh; handle_t *handle = journal_current_handle(); if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal && !handle) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Quota write (off=%llu, len=%llu)" " cancelled because transaction is not started", (unsigned long long)off, (unsigned long long)len); return -EIO; } /* * Since we account only one data block in transaction credits, * then it is impossible to cross a block boundary. */ if (sb->s_blocksize - offset < len) { ext4_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Quota write (off=%llu, len=%llu)" " cancelled because not block aligned", (unsigned long long)off, (unsigned long long)len); return -EIO; } do { bh = ext4_bread(handle, inode, blk, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE | EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL); } while (PTR_ERR(bh) == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries)); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); if (!bh) goto out; BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get write access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (err) { brelse(bh); return err; } lock_buffer(bh); memcpy(bh->b_data+offset, data, len); flush_dcache_page(bh->b_page); unlock_buffer(bh); err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh); brelse(bh); out: if (inode->i_size < off + len) { i_size_write(inode, off + len); EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = inode->i_size; err2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (unlikely(err2 && !err)) err = err2; } return err ? err : len; } #endif static struct dentry *ext4_mount(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data) { return mount_bdev(fs_type, flags, dev_name, data, ext4_fill_super); } #if !defined(CONFIG_EXT2_FS) && !defined(CONFIG_EXT2_FS_MODULE) && defined(CONFIG_EXT4_USE_FOR_EXT2) static inline void register_as_ext2(void) { int err = register_filesystem(&ext2_fs_type); if (err) printk(KERN_WARNING "EXT4-fs: Unable to register as ext2 (%d)\n", err); } static inline void unregister_as_ext2(void) { unregister_filesystem(&ext2_fs_type); } static inline int ext2_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb) { if (ext4_has_unknown_ext2_incompat_features(sb)) return 0; if (sb_rdonly(sb)) return 1; if (ext4_has_unknown_ext2_ro_compat_features(sb)) return 0; return 1; } #else static inline void register_as_ext2(void) { } static inline void unregister_as_ext2(void) { } static inline int ext2_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb) { return 0; } #endif static inline void register_as_ext3(void) { int err = register_filesystem(&ext3_fs_type); if (err) printk(KERN_WARNING "EXT4-fs: Unable to register as ext3 (%d)\n", err); } static inline void unregister_as_ext3(void) { unregister_filesystem(&ext3_fs_type); } static inline int ext3_feature_set_ok(struct super_block *sb) { if (ext4_has_unknown_ext3_incompat_features(sb)) return 0; if (!ext4_has_feature_journal(sb)) return 0; if (sb_rdonly(sb)) return 1; if (ext4_has_unknown_ext3_ro_compat_features(sb)) return 0; return 1; } static struct file_system_type ext4_fs_type = { .owner = THIS_MODULE, .name = "ext4", .mount = ext4_mount, .kill_sb = kill_block_super, .fs_flags = FS_REQUIRES_DEV, }; MODULE_ALIAS_FS("ext4"); /* Shared across all ext4 file systems */ wait_queue_head_t ext4__ioend_wq[EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ]; static int __init ext4_init_fs(void) { int i, err; ratelimit_state_init(&ext4_mount_msg_ratelimit, 30 * HZ, 64); ext4_li_info = NULL; mutex_init(&ext4_li_mtx); /* Build-time check for flags consistency */ ext4_check_flag_values(); for (i = 0; i < EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ; i++) init_waitqueue_head(&ext4__ioend_wq[i]); err = ext4_init_es(); if (err) return err; err = ext4_init_pending(); if (err) goto out7; err = ext4_init_post_read_processing(); if (err) goto out6; err = ext4_init_pageio(); if (err) goto out5; err = ext4_init_system_zone(); if (err) goto out4; err = ext4_init_sysfs(); if (err) goto out3; err = ext4_init_mballoc(); if (err) goto out2; err = init_inodecache(); if (err) goto out1; err = ext4_fc_init_dentry_cache(); if (err) goto out05; register_as_ext3(); register_as_ext2(); err = register_filesystem(&ext4_fs_type); if (err) goto out; return 0; out: unregister_as_ext2(); unregister_as_ext3(); out05: destroy_inodecache(); out1: ext4_exit_mballoc(); out2: ext4_exit_sysfs(); out3: ext4_exit_system_zone(); out4: ext4_exit_pageio(); out5: ext4_exit_post_read_processing(); out6: ext4_exit_pending(); out7: ext4_exit_es(); return err; } static void __exit ext4_exit_fs(void) { ext4_destroy_lazyinit_thread(); unregister_as_ext2(); unregister_as_ext3(); unregister_filesystem(&ext4_fs_type); destroy_inodecache(); ext4_exit_mballoc(); ext4_exit_sysfs(); ext4_exit_system_zone(); ext4_exit_pageio(); ext4_exit_post_read_processing(); ext4_exit_es(); ext4_exit_pending(); } MODULE_AUTHOR("Remy Card, Stephen Tweedie, Andrew Morton, Andreas Dilger, Theodore Ts'o and others"); MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Fourth Extended Filesystem"); MODULE_LICENSE("GPL"); MODULE_SOFTDEP("pre: crc32c"); module_init(ext4_init_fs) module_exit(ext4_exit_fs)
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Copyright (c) 2013 Red Hat, Inc. and Parallels Inc. All rights reserved. * Authors: David Chinner and Glauber Costa * * Generic LRU infrastructure */ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/list_lru.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include "slab.h" #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM static LIST_HEAD(list_lrus); static DEFINE_MUTEX(list_lrus_mutex); static void list_lru_register(struct list_lru *lru) { mutex_lock(&list_lrus_mutex); list_add(&lru->list, &list_lrus); mutex_unlock(&list_lrus_mutex); } static void list_lru_unregister(struct list_lru *lru) { mutex_lock(&list_lrus_mutex); list_del(&lru->list); mutex_unlock(&list_lrus_mutex); } static int lru_shrinker_id(struct list_lru *lru) { return lru->shrinker_id; } static inline bool list_lru_memcg_aware(struct list_lru *lru) { return lru->memcg_aware; } static inline struct list_lru_one * list_lru_from_memcg_idx(struct list_lru_node *nlru, int idx) { struct list_lru_memcg *memcg_lrus; /* * Either lock or RCU protects the array of per cgroup lists * from relocation (see memcg_update_list_lru_node). */ memcg_lrus = rcu_dereference_check(nlru->memcg_lrus, lockdep_is_held(&nlru->lock)); if (memcg_lrus && idx >= 0) return memcg_lrus->lru[idx]; return &nlru->lru; } static inline struct list_lru_one * list_lru_from_kmem(struct list_lru_node *nlru, void *ptr, struct mem_cgroup **memcg_ptr) { struct list_lru_one *l = &nlru->lru; struct mem_cgroup *memcg = NULL; if (!nlru->memcg_lrus) goto out; memcg = mem_cgroup_from_obj(ptr); if (!memcg) goto out; l = list_lru_from_memcg_idx(nlru, memcg_cache_id(memcg)); out: if (memcg_ptr) *memcg_ptr = memcg; return l; } #else static void list_lru_register(struct list_lru *lru) { } static void list_lru_unregister(struct list_lru *lru) { } static int lru_shrinker_id(struct list_lru *lru) { return -1; } static inline bool list_lru_memcg_aware(struct list_lru *lru) { return false; } static inline struct list_lru_one * list_lru_from_memcg_idx(struct list_lru_node *nlru, int idx) { return &nlru->lru; } static inline struct list_lru_one * list_lru_from_kmem(struct list_lru_node *nlru, void *ptr, struct mem_cgroup **memcg_ptr) { if (memcg_ptr) *memcg_ptr = NULL; return &nlru->lru; } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM */ bool list_lru_add(struct list_lru *lru, struct list_head *item) { int nid = page_to_nid(virt_to_page(item)); struct list_lru_node *nlru = &lru->node[nid]; struct mem_cgroup *memcg; struct list_lru_one *l; spin_lock(&nlru->lock); if (list_empty(item)) { l = list_lru_from_kmem(nlru, item, &memcg); list_add_tail(item, &l->list); /* Set shrinker bit if the first element was added */ if (!l->nr_items++) memcg_set_shrinker_bit(memcg, nid, lru_shrinker_id(lru)); nlru->nr_items++; spin_unlock(&nlru->lock); return true; } spin_unlock(&nlru->lock); return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_add); bool list_lru_del(struct list_lru *lru, struct list_head *item) { int nid = page_to_nid(virt_to_page(item)); struct list_lru_node *nlru = &lru->node[nid]; struct list_lru_one *l; spin_lock(&nlru->lock); if (!list_empty(item)) { l = list_lru_from_kmem(nlru, item, NULL); list_del_init(item); l->nr_items--; nlru->nr_items--; spin_unlock(&nlru->lock); return true; } spin_unlock(&nlru->lock); return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_del); void list_lru_isolate(struct list_lru_one *list, struct list_head *item) { list_del_init(item); list->nr_items--; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_isolate); void list_lru_isolate_move(struct list_lru_one *list, struct list_head *item, struct list_head *head) { list_move(item, head); list->nr_items--; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_isolate_move); unsigned long list_lru_count_one(struct list_lru *lru, int nid, struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { struct list_lru_node *nlru = &lru->node[nid]; struct list_lru_one *l; unsigned long count; rcu_read_lock(); l = list_lru_from_memcg_idx(nlru, memcg_cache_id(memcg)); count = READ_ONCE(l->nr_items); rcu_read_unlock(); return count; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_count_one); unsigned long list_lru_count_node(struct list_lru *lru, int nid) { struct list_lru_node *nlru; nlru = &lru->node[nid]; return nlru->nr_items; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_count_node); static unsigned long __list_lru_walk_one(struct list_lru_node *nlru, int memcg_idx, list_lru_walk_cb isolate, void *cb_arg, unsigned long *nr_to_walk) { struct list_lru_one *l; struct list_head *item, *n; unsigned long isolated = 0; l = list_lru_from_memcg_idx(nlru, memcg_idx); restart: list_for_each_safe(item, n, &l->list) { enum lru_status ret; /* * decrement nr_to_walk first so that we don't livelock if we * get stuck on large numbers of LRU_RETRY items */ if (!*nr_to_walk) break; --*nr_to_walk; ret = isolate(item, l, &nlru->lock, cb_arg); switch (ret) { case LRU_REMOVED_RETRY: assert_spin_locked(&nlru->lock); fallthrough; case LRU_REMOVED: isolated++; nlru->nr_items--; /* * If the lru lock has been dropped, our list * traversal is now invalid and so we have to * restart from scratch. */ if (ret == LRU_REMOVED_RETRY) goto restart; break; case LRU_ROTATE: list_move_tail(item, &l->list); break; case LRU_SKIP: break; case LRU_RETRY: /* * The lru lock has been dropped, our list traversal is * now invalid and so we have to restart from scratch. */ assert_spin_locked(&nlru->lock); goto restart; default: BUG(); } } return isolated; } unsigned long list_lru_walk_one(struct list_lru *lru, int nid, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, list_lru_walk_cb isolate, void *cb_arg, unsigned long *nr_to_walk) { struct list_lru_node *nlru = &lru->node[nid]; unsigned long ret; spin_lock(&nlru->lock); ret = __list_lru_walk_one(nlru, memcg_cache_id(memcg), isolate, cb_arg, nr_to_walk); spin_unlock(&nlru->lock); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_walk_one); unsigned long list_lru_walk_one_irq(struct list_lru *lru, int nid, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, list_lru_walk_cb isolate, void *cb_arg, unsigned long *nr_to_walk) { struct list_lru_node *nlru = &lru->node[nid]; unsigned long ret; spin_lock_irq(&nlru->lock); ret = __list_lru_walk_one(nlru, memcg_cache_id(memcg), isolate, cb_arg, nr_to_walk); spin_unlock_irq(&nlru->lock); return ret; } unsigned long list_lru_walk_node(struct list_lru *lru, int nid, list_lru_walk_cb isolate, void *cb_arg, unsigned long *nr_to_walk) { long isolated = 0; int memcg_idx; isolated += list_lru_walk_one(lru, nid, NULL, isolate, cb_arg, nr_to_walk); if (*nr_to_walk > 0 && list_lru_memcg_aware(lru)) { for_each_memcg_cache_index(memcg_idx) { struct list_lru_node *nlru = &lru->node[nid]; spin_lock(&nlru->lock); isolated += __list_lru_walk_one(nlru, memcg_idx, isolate, cb_arg, nr_to_walk); spin_unlock(&nlru->lock); if (*nr_to_walk <= 0) break; } } return isolated; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_walk_node); static void init_one_lru(struct list_lru_one *l) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&l->list); l->nr_items = 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM static void __memcg_destroy_list_lru_node(struct list_lru_memcg *memcg_lrus, int begin, int end) { int i; for (i = begin; i < end; i++) kfree(memcg_lrus->lru[i]); } static int __memcg_init_list_lru_node(struct list_lru_memcg *memcg_lrus, int begin, int end) { int i; for (i = begin; i < end; i++) { struct list_lru_one *l; l = kmalloc(sizeof(struct list_lru_one), GFP_KERNEL); if (!l) goto fail; init_one_lru(l); memcg_lrus->lru[i] = l; } return 0; fail: __memcg_destroy_list_lru_node(memcg_lrus, begin, i); return -ENOMEM; } static int memcg_init_list_lru_node(struct list_lru_node *nlru) { struct list_lru_memcg *memcg_lrus; int size = memcg_nr_cache_ids; memcg_lrus = kvmalloc(sizeof(*memcg_lrus) + size * sizeof(void *), GFP_KERNEL); if (!memcg_lrus) return -ENOMEM; if (__memcg_init_list_lru_node(memcg_lrus, 0, size)) { kvfree(memcg_lrus); return -ENOMEM; } RCU_INIT_POINTER(nlru->memcg_lrus, memcg_lrus); return 0; } static void memcg_destroy_list_lru_node(struct list_lru_node *nlru) { struct list_lru_memcg *memcg_lrus; /* * This is called when shrinker has already been unregistered, * and nobody can use it. So, there is no need to use kvfree_rcu_local(). */ memcg_lrus = rcu_dereference_protected(nlru->memcg_lrus, true); __memcg_destroy_list_lru_node(memcg_lrus, 0, memcg_nr_cache_ids); kvfree(memcg_lrus); } static void kvfree_rcu_local(struct rcu_head *head) { struct list_lru_memcg *mlru; mlru = container_of(head, struct list_lru_memcg, rcu); kvfree(mlru); } static int memcg_update_list_lru_node(struct list_lru_node *nlru, int old_size, int new_size) { struct list_lru_memcg *old, *new; BUG_ON(old_size > new_size); old = rcu_dereference_protected(nlru->memcg_lrus, lockdep_is_held(&list_lrus_mutex)); new = kvmalloc(sizeof(*new) + new_size * sizeof(void *), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; if (__memcg_init_list_lru_node(new, old_size, new_size)) { kvfree(new); return -ENOMEM; } memcpy(&new->lru, &old->lru, old_size * sizeof(void *)); /* * The locking below allows readers that hold nlru->lock avoid taking * rcu_read_lock (see list_lru_from_memcg_idx). * * Since list_lru_{add,del} may be called under an IRQ-safe lock, * we have to use IRQ-safe primitives here to avoid deadlock. */ spin_lock_irq(&nlru->lock); rcu_assign_pointer(nlru->memcg_lrus, new); spin_unlock_irq(&nlru->lock); call_rcu(&old->rcu, kvfree_rcu_local); return 0; } static void memcg_cancel_update_list_lru_node(struct list_lru_node *nlru, int old_size, int new_size) { struct list_lru_memcg *memcg_lrus; memcg_lrus = rcu_dereference_protected(nlru->memcg_lrus, lockdep_is_held(&list_lrus_mutex)); /* do not bother shrinking the array back to the old size, because we * cannot handle allocation failures here */ __memcg_destroy_list_lru_node(memcg_lrus, old_size, new_size); } static int memcg_init_list_lru(struct list_lru *lru, bool memcg_aware) { int i; lru->memcg_aware = memcg_aware; if (!memcg_aware) return 0; for_each_node(i) { if (memcg_init_list_lru_node(&lru->node[i])) goto fail; } return 0; fail: for (i = i - 1; i >= 0; i--) { if (!lru->node[i].memcg_lrus) continue; memcg_destroy_list_lru_node(&lru->node[i]); } return -ENOMEM; } static void memcg_destroy_list_lru(struct list_lru *lru) { int i; if (!list_lru_memcg_aware(lru)) return; for_each_node(i) memcg_destroy_list_lru_node(&lru->node[i]); } static int memcg_update_list_lru(struct list_lru *lru, int old_size, int new_size) { int i; if (!list_lru_memcg_aware(lru)) return 0; for_each_node(i) { if (memcg_update_list_lru_node(&lru->node[i], old_size, new_size)) goto fail; } return 0; fail: for (i = i - 1; i >= 0; i--) { if (!lru->node[i].memcg_lrus) continue; memcg_cancel_update_list_lru_node(&lru->node[i], old_size, new_size); } return -ENOMEM; } static void memcg_cancel_update_list_lru(struct list_lru *lru, int old_size, int new_size) { int i; if (!list_lru_memcg_aware(lru)) return; for_each_node(i) memcg_cancel_update_list_lru_node(&lru->node[i], old_size, new_size); } int memcg_update_all_list_lrus(int new_size) { int ret = 0; struct list_lru *lru; int old_size = memcg_nr_cache_ids; mutex_lock(&list_lrus_mutex); list_for_each_entry(lru, &list_lrus, list) { ret = memcg_update_list_lru(lru, old_size, new_size); if (ret) goto fail; } out: mutex_unlock(&list_lrus_mutex); return ret; fail: list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse(lru, &list_lrus, list) memcg_cancel_update_list_lru(lru, old_size, new_size); goto out; } static void memcg_drain_list_lru_node(struct list_lru *lru, int nid, int src_idx, struct mem_cgroup *dst_memcg) { struct list_lru_node *nlru = &lru->node[nid]; int dst_idx = dst_memcg->kmemcg_id; struct list_lru_one *src, *dst; /* * Since list_lru_{add,del} may be called under an IRQ-safe lock, * we have to use IRQ-safe primitives here to avoid deadlock. */ spin_lock_irq(&nlru->lock); src = list_lru_from_memcg_idx(nlru, src_idx); dst = list_lru_from_memcg_idx(nlru, dst_idx); list_splice_init(&src->list, &dst->list); if (src->nr_items) { dst->nr_items += src->nr_items; memcg_set_shrinker_bit(dst_memcg, nid, lru_shrinker_id(lru)); src->nr_items = 0; } spin_unlock_irq(&nlru->lock); } static void memcg_drain_list_lru(struct list_lru *lru, int src_idx, struct mem_cgroup *dst_memcg) { int i; if (!list_lru_memcg_aware(lru)) return; for_each_node(i) memcg_drain_list_lru_node(lru, i, src_idx, dst_memcg); } void memcg_drain_all_list_lrus(int src_idx, struct mem_cgroup *dst_memcg) { struct list_lru *lru; mutex_lock(&list_lrus_mutex); list_for_each_entry(lru, &list_lrus, list) memcg_drain_list_lru(lru, src_idx, dst_memcg); mutex_unlock(&list_lrus_mutex); } #else static int memcg_init_list_lru(struct list_lru *lru, bool memcg_aware) { return 0; } static void memcg_destroy_list_lru(struct list_lru *lru) { } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM */ int __list_lru_init(struct list_lru *lru, bool memcg_aware, struct lock_class_key *key, struct shrinker *shrinker) { int i; int err = -ENOMEM; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM if (shrinker) lru->shrinker_id = shrinker->id; else lru->shrinker_id = -1; #endif memcg_get_cache_ids(); lru->node = kcalloc(nr_node_ids, sizeof(*lru->node), GFP_KERNEL); if (!lru->node) goto out; for_each_node(i) { spin_lock_init(&lru->node[i].lock); if (key) lockdep_set_class(&lru->node[i].lock, key); init_one_lru(&lru->node[i].lru); } err = memcg_init_list_lru(lru, memcg_aware); if (err) { kfree(lru->node); /* Do this so a list_lru_destroy() doesn't crash: */ lru->node = NULL; goto out; } list_lru_register(lru); out: memcg_put_cache_ids(); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__list_lru_init); void list_lru_destroy(struct list_lru *lru) { /* Already destroyed or not yet initialized? */ if (!lru->node) return; memcg_get_cache_ids(); list_lru_unregister(lru); memcg_destroy_list_lru(lru); kfree(lru->node); lru->node = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_KMEM lru->shrinker_id = -1; #endif memcg_put_cache_ids(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(list_lru_destroy);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NET_FLOW_DISSECTOR_H #define _NET_FLOW_DISSECTOR_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/siphash.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <uapi/linux/if_ether.h> struct bpf_prog; struct net; struct sk_buff; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_control: * @thoff: Transport header offset */ struct flow_dissector_key_control { u16 thoff; u16 addr_type; u32 flags; }; #define FLOW_DIS_IS_FRAGMENT BIT(0) #define FLOW_DIS_FIRST_FRAG BIT(1) #define FLOW_DIS_ENCAPSULATION BIT(2) enum flow_dissect_ret { FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD, FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD, FLOW_DISSECT_RET_PROTO_AGAIN, FLOW_DISSECT_RET_IPPROTO_AGAIN, FLOW_DISSECT_RET_CONTINUE, }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_basic: * @n_proto: Network header protocol (eg. IPv4/IPv6) * @ip_proto: Transport header protocol (eg. TCP/UDP) */ struct flow_dissector_key_basic { __be16 n_proto; u8 ip_proto; u8 padding; }; struct flow_dissector_key_tags { u32 flow_label; }; struct flow_dissector_key_vlan { union { struct { u16 vlan_id:12, vlan_dei:1, vlan_priority:3; }; __be16 vlan_tci; }; __be16 vlan_tpid; }; struct flow_dissector_mpls_lse { u32 mpls_ttl:8, mpls_bos:1, mpls_tc:3, mpls_label:20; }; #define FLOW_DIS_MPLS_MAX 7 struct flow_dissector_key_mpls { struct flow_dissector_mpls_lse ls[FLOW_DIS_MPLS_MAX]; /* Label Stack */ u8 used_lses; /* One bit set for each Label Stack Entry in use */ }; static inline void dissector_set_mpls_lse(struct flow_dissector_key_mpls *mpls, int lse_index) { mpls->used_lses |= 1 << lse_index; } #define FLOW_DIS_TUN_OPTS_MAX 255 /** * struct flow_dissector_key_enc_opts: * @data: tunnel option data * @len: length of tunnel option data * @dst_opt_type: tunnel option type */ struct flow_dissector_key_enc_opts { u8 data[FLOW_DIS_TUN_OPTS_MAX]; /* Using IP_TUNNEL_OPTS_MAX is desired * here but seems difficult to #include */ u8 len; __be16 dst_opt_type; }; struct flow_dissector_key_keyid { __be32 keyid; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_ipv4_addrs: * @src: source ip address * @dst: destination ip address */ struct flow_dissector_key_ipv4_addrs { /* (src,dst) must be grouped, in the same way than in IP header */ __be32 src; __be32 dst; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_ipv6_addrs: * @src: source ip address * @dst: destination ip address */ struct flow_dissector_key_ipv6_addrs { /* (src,dst) must be grouped, in the same way than in IP header */ struct in6_addr src; struct in6_addr dst; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_tipc: * @key: source node address combined with selector */ struct flow_dissector_key_tipc { __be32 key; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_addrs: * @v4addrs: IPv4 addresses * @v6addrs: IPv6 addresses */ struct flow_dissector_key_addrs { union { struct flow_dissector_key_ipv4_addrs v4addrs; struct flow_dissector_key_ipv6_addrs v6addrs; struct flow_dissector_key_tipc tipckey; }; }; /** * flow_dissector_key_arp: * @ports: Operation, source and target addresses for an ARP header * for Ethernet hardware addresses and IPv4 protocol addresses * sip: Sender IP address * tip: Target IP address * op: Operation * sha: Sender hardware address * tpa: Target hardware address */ struct flow_dissector_key_arp { __u32 sip; __u32 tip; __u8 op; unsigned char sha[ETH_ALEN]; unsigned char tha[ETH_ALEN]; }; /** * flow_dissector_key_tp_ports: * @ports: port numbers of Transport header * src: source port number * dst: destination port number */ struct flow_dissector_key_ports { union { __be32 ports; struct { __be16 src; __be16 dst; }; }; }; /** * flow_dissector_key_icmp: * type: ICMP type * code: ICMP code * id: session identifier */ struct flow_dissector_key_icmp { struct { u8 type; u8 code; }; u16 id; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_eth_addrs: * @src: source Ethernet address * @dst: destination Ethernet address */ struct flow_dissector_key_eth_addrs { /* (dst,src) must be grouped, in the same way than in ETH header */ unsigned char dst[ETH_ALEN]; unsigned char src[ETH_ALEN]; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_tcp: * @flags: flags */ struct flow_dissector_key_tcp { __be16 flags; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_ip: * @tos: tos * @ttl: ttl */ struct flow_dissector_key_ip { __u8 tos; __u8 ttl; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_meta: * @ingress_ifindex: ingress ifindex * @ingress_iftype: ingress interface type */ struct flow_dissector_key_meta { int ingress_ifindex; u16 ingress_iftype; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_ct: * @ct_state: conntrack state after converting with map * @ct_mark: conttrack mark * @ct_zone: conntrack zone * @ct_labels: conntrack labels */ struct flow_dissector_key_ct { u16 ct_state; u16 ct_zone; u32 ct_mark; u32 ct_labels[4]; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_hash: * @hash: hash value */ struct flow_dissector_key_hash { u32 hash; }; enum flow_dissector_key_id { FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CONTROL, /* struct flow_dissector_key_control */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_BASIC, /* struct flow_dissector_key_basic */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ipv4_addrs */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ipv6_addrs */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_PORTS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ports */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_PORTS_RANGE, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ports */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ICMP, /* struct flow_dissector_key_icmp */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ETH_ADDRS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_eth_addrs */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_TIPC, /* struct flow_dissector_key_tipc */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ARP, /* struct flow_dissector_key_arp */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_VLAN, /* struct flow_dissector_key_vlan */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_FLOW_LABEL, /* struct flow_dissector_key_tags */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_GRE_KEYID, /* struct flow_dissector_key_keyid */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MPLS_ENTROPY, /* struct flow_dissector_key_keyid */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_KEYID, /* struct flow_dissector_key_keyid */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IPV4_ADDRS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ipv4_addrs */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IPV6_ADDRS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ipv6_addrs */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_CONTROL, /* struct flow_dissector_key_control */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_PORTS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ports */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MPLS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_mpls */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_TCP, /* struct flow_dissector_key_tcp */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IP, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ip */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CVLAN, /* struct flow_dissector_key_vlan */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IP, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ip */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_OPTS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_enc_opts */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_META, /* struct flow_dissector_key_meta */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CT, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ct */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_HASH, /* struct flow_dissector_key_hash */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MAX, }; #define FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_PARSE_1ST_FRAG BIT(0) #define FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_FLOW_LABEL BIT(1) #define FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_ENCAP BIT(2) struct flow_dissector_key { enum flow_dissector_key_id key_id; size_t offset; /* offset of struct flow_dissector_key_* in target the struct */ }; struct flow_dissector { unsigned int used_keys; /* each bit repesents presence of one key id */ unsigned short int offset[FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MAX]; }; struct flow_keys_basic { struct flow_dissector_key_control control; struct flow_dissector_key_basic basic; }; struct flow_keys { struct flow_dissector_key_control control; #define FLOW_KEYS_HASH_START_FIELD basic struct flow_dissector_key_basic basic __aligned(SIPHASH_ALIGNMENT); struct flow_dissector_key_tags tags; struct flow_dissector_key_vlan vlan; struct flow_dissector_key_vlan cvlan; struct flow_dissector_key_keyid keyid; struct flow_dissector_key_ports ports; struct flow_dissector_key_icmp icmp; /* 'addrs' must be the last member */ struct flow_dissector_key_addrs addrs; }; #define FLOW_KEYS_HASH_OFFSET \ offsetof(struct flow_keys, FLOW_KEYS_HASH_START_FIELD) __be32 flow_get_u32_src(const struct flow_keys *flow); __be32 flow_get_u32_dst(const struct flow_keys *flow); extern struct flow_dissector flow_keys_dissector; extern struct flow_dissector flow_keys_basic_dissector; /* struct flow_keys_digest: * * This structure is used to hold a digest of the full flow keys. This is a * larger "hash" of a flow to allow definitively matching specific flows where * the 32 bit skb->hash is not large enough. The size is limited to 16 bytes so * that it can be used in CB of skb (see sch_choke for an example). */ #define FLOW_KEYS_DIGEST_LEN 16 struct flow_keys_digest { u8 data[FLOW_KEYS_DIGEST_LEN]; }; void make_flow_keys_digest(struct flow_keys_digest *digest, const struct flow_keys *flow); static inline bool flow_keys_have_l4(const struct flow_keys *keys) { return (keys->ports.ports || keys->tags.flow_label); } u32 flow_hash_from_keys(struct flow_keys *keys); void skb_flow_get_icmp_tci(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector_key_icmp *key_icmp, void *data, int thoff, int hlen); static inline bool dissector_uses_key(const struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, enum flow_dissector_key_id key_id) { return flow_dissector->used_keys & (1 << key_id); } static inline void *skb_flow_dissector_target(struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, enum flow_dissector_key_id key_id, void *target_container) { return ((char *)target_container) + flow_dissector->offset[key_id]; } struct bpf_flow_dissector { struct bpf_flow_keys *flow_keys; const struct sk_buff *skb; void *data; void *data_end; }; static inline void flow_dissector_init_keys(struct flow_dissector_key_control *key_control, struct flow_dissector_key_basic *key_basic) { memset(key_control, 0, sizeof(*key_control)); memset(key_basic, 0, sizeof(*key_basic)); } #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL int flow_dissector_bpf_prog_attach_check(struct net *net, struct bpf_prog *prog); #endif /* CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM rpm #if !defined(_TRACE_RUNTIME_POWER_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_RUNTIME_POWER_H #include <linux/ktime.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> struct device; /* * The rpm_internal events are used for tracing some important * runtime pm internal functions. */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(rpm_internal, TP_PROTO(struct device *dev, int flags), TP_ARGS(dev, flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, dev_name(dev) ) __field( int, flags ) __field( int , usage_count ) __field( int , disable_depth ) __field( int , runtime_auto ) __field( int , request_pending ) __field( int , irq_safe ) __field( int , child_count ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, dev_name(dev)); __entry->flags = flags; __entry->usage_count = atomic_read( &dev->power.usage_count); __entry->disable_depth = dev->power.disable_depth; __entry->runtime_auto = dev->power.runtime_auto; __entry->request_pending = dev->power.request_pending; __entry->irq_safe = dev->power.irq_safe; __entry->child_count = atomic_read( &dev->power.child_count); ), TP_printk("%s flags-%x cnt-%-2d dep-%-2d auto-%-1d p-%-1d" " irq-%-1d child-%d", __get_str(name), __entry->flags, __entry->usage_count, __entry->disable_depth, __entry->runtime_auto, __entry->request_pending, __entry->irq_safe, __entry->child_count ) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rpm_internal, rpm_suspend, TP_PROTO(struct device *dev, int flags), TP_ARGS(dev, flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rpm_internal, rpm_resume, TP_PROTO(struct device *dev, int flags), TP_ARGS(dev, flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rpm_internal, rpm_idle, TP_PROTO(struct device *dev, int flags), TP_ARGS(dev, flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(rpm_internal, rpm_usage, TP_PROTO(struct device *dev, int flags), TP_ARGS(dev, flags) ); TRACE_EVENT(rpm_return_int, TP_PROTO(struct device *dev, unsigned long ip, int ret), TP_ARGS(dev, ip, ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( name, dev_name(dev)) __field( unsigned long, ip ) __field( int, ret ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(name, dev_name(dev)); __entry->ip = ip; __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("%pS:%s ret=%d", (void *)__entry->ip, __get_str(name), __entry->ret) ); #endif /* _TRACE_RUNTIME_POWER_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _KERNEL_PRINTK_RINGBUFFER_H #define _KERNEL_PRINTK_RINGBUFFER_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/dev_printk.h> /* * Meta information about each stored message. * * All fields are set by the printk code except for @seq, which is * set by the ringbuffer code. */ struct printk_info { u64 seq; /* sequence number */ u64 ts_nsec; /* timestamp in nanoseconds */ u16 text_len; /* length of text message */ u8 facility; /* syslog facility */ u8 flags:5; /* internal record flags */ u8 level:3; /* syslog level */ u32 caller_id; /* thread id or processor id */ struct dev_printk_info dev_info; }; /* * A structure providing the buffers, used by writers and readers. * * Writers: * Using prb_rec_init_wr(), a writer sets @text_buf_size before calling * prb_reserve(). On success, prb_reserve() sets @info and @text_buf to * buffers reserved for that writer. * * Readers: * Using prb_rec_init_rd(), a reader sets all fields before calling * prb_read_valid(). Note that the reader provides the @info and @text_buf, * buffers. On success, the struct pointed to by @info will be filled and * the char array pointed to by @text_buf will be filled with text data. */ struct printk_record { struct printk_info *info; char *text_buf; unsigned int text_buf_size; }; /* Specifies the logical position and span of a data block. */ struct prb_data_blk_lpos { unsigned long begin; unsigned long next; }; /* * A descriptor: the complete meta-data for a record. * * @state_var: A bitwise combination of descriptor ID and descriptor state. */ struct prb_desc { atomic_long_t state_var; struct prb_data_blk_lpos text_blk_lpos; }; /* A ringbuffer of "ID + data" elements. */ struct prb_data_ring { unsigned int size_bits; char *data; atomic_long_t head_lpos; atomic_long_t tail_lpos; }; /* A ringbuffer of "struct prb_desc" elements. */ struct prb_desc_ring { unsigned int count_bits; struct prb_desc *descs; struct printk_info *infos; atomic_long_t head_id; atomic_long_t tail_id; }; /* * The high level structure representing the printk ringbuffer. * * @fail: Count of failed prb_reserve() calls where not even a data-less * record was created. */ struct printk_ringbuffer { struct prb_desc_ring desc_ring; struct prb_data_ring text_data_ring; atomic_long_t fail; }; /* * Used by writers as a reserve/commit handle. * * @rb: Ringbuffer where the entry is reserved. * @irqflags: Saved irq flags to restore on entry commit. * @id: ID of the reserved descriptor. * @text_space: Total occupied buffer space in the text data ring, including * ID, alignment padding, and wrapping data blocks. * * This structure is an opaque handle for writers. Its contents are only * to be used by the ringbuffer implementation. */ struct prb_reserved_entry { struct printk_ringbuffer *rb; unsigned long irqflags; unsigned long id; unsigned int text_space; }; /* The possible responses of a descriptor state-query. */ enum desc_state { desc_miss = -1, /* ID mismatch (pseudo state) */ desc_reserved = 0x0, /* reserved, in use by writer */ desc_committed = 0x1, /* committed by writer, could get reopened */ desc_finalized = 0x2, /* committed, no further modification allowed */ desc_reusable = 0x3, /* free, not yet used by any writer */ }; #define _DATA_SIZE(sz_bits) (1UL << (sz_bits)) #define _DESCS_COUNT(ct_bits) (1U << (ct_bits)) #define DESC_SV_BITS (sizeof(unsigned long) * 8) #define DESC_FLAGS_SHIFT (DESC_SV_BITS - 2) #define DESC_FLAGS_MASK (3UL << DESC_FLAGS_SHIFT) #define DESC_STATE(sv) (3UL & (sv >> DESC_FLAGS_SHIFT)) #define DESC_SV(id, state) (((unsigned long)state << DESC_FLAGS_SHIFT) | id) #define DESC_ID_MASK (~DESC_FLAGS_MASK) #define DESC_ID(sv) ((sv) & DESC_ID_MASK) #define FAILED_LPOS 0x1 #define NO_LPOS 0x3 #define FAILED_BLK_LPOS \ { \ .begin = FAILED_LPOS, \ .next = FAILED_LPOS, \ } /* * Descriptor Bootstrap * * The descriptor array is minimally initialized to allow immediate usage * by readers and writers. The requirements that the descriptor array * initialization must satisfy: * * Req1 * The tail must point to an existing (committed or reusable) descriptor. * This is required by the implementation of prb_first_seq(). * * Req2 * Readers must see that the ringbuffer is initially empty. * * Req3 * The first record reserved by a writer is assigned sequence number 0. * * To satisfy Req1, the tail initially points to a descriptor that is * minimally initialized (having no data block, i.e. data-less with the * data block's lpos @begin and @next values set to FAILED_LPOS). * * To satisfy Req2, the initial tail descriptor is initialized to the * reusable state. Readers recognize reusable descriptors as existing * records, but skip over them. * * To satisfy Req3, the last descriptor in the array is used as the initial * head (and tail) descriptor. This allows the first record reserved by a * writer (head + 1) to be the first descriptor in the array. (Only the first * descriptor in the array could have a valid sequence number of 0.) * * The first time a descriptor is reserved, it is assigned a sequence number * with the value of the array index. A "first time reserved" descriptor can * be recognized because it has a sequence number of 0 but does not have an * index of 0. (Only the first descriptor in the array could have a valid * sequence number of 0.) After the first reservation, all future reservations * (recycling) simply involve incrementing the sequence number by the array * count. * * Hack #1 * Only the first descriptor in the array is allowed to have the sequence * number 0. In this case it is not possible to recognize if it is being * reserved the first time (set to index value) or has been reserved * previously (increment by the array count). This is handled by _always_ * incrementing the sequence number by the array count when reserving the * first descriptor in the array. In order to satisfy Req3, the sequence * number of the first descriptor in the array is initialized to minus * the array count. Then, upon the first reservation, it is incremented * to 0, thus satisfying Req3. * * Hack #2 * prb_first_seq() can be called at any time by readers to retrieve the * sequence number of the tail descriptor. However, due to Req2 and Req3, * initially there are no records to report the sequence number of * (sequence numbers are u64 and there is nothing less than 0). To handle * this, the sequence number of the initial tail descriptor is initialized * to 0. Technically this is incorrect, because there is no record with * sequence number 0 (yet) and the tail descriptor is not the first * descriptor in the array. But it allows prb_read_valid() to correctly * report the existence of a record for _any_ given sequence number at all * times. Bootstrapping is complete when the tail is pushed the first * time, thus finally pointing to the first descriptor reserved by a * writer, which has the assigned sequence number 0. */ /* * Initiating Logical Value Overflows * * Both logical position (lpos) and ID values can be mapped to array indexes * but may experience overflows during the lifetime of the system. To ensure * that printk_ringbuffer can handle the overflows for these types, initial * values are chosen that map to the correct initial array indexes, but will * result in overflows soon. * * BLK0_LPOS * The initial @head_lpos and @tail_lpos for data rings. It is at index * 0 and the lpos value is such that it will overflow on the first wrap. * * DESC0_ID * The initial @head_id and @tail_id for the desc ring. It is at the last * index of the descriptor array (see Req3 above) and the ID value is such * that it will overflow on the second wrap. */ #define BLK0_LPOS(sz_bits) (-(_DATA_SIZE(sz_bits))) #define DESC0_ID(ct_bits) DESC_ID(-(_DESCS_COUNT(ct_bits) + 1)) #define DESC0_SV(ct_bits) DESC_SV(DESC0_ID(ct_bits), desc_reusable) /* * Define a ringbuffer with an external text data buffer. The same as * DEFINE_PRINTKRB() but requires specifying an external buffer for the * text data. * * Note: The specified external buffer must be of the size: * 2 ^ (descbits + avgtextbits) */ #define _DEFINE_PRINTKRB(name, descbits, avgtextbits, text_buf) \ static struct prb_desc _##name##_descs[_DESCS_COUNT(descbits)] = { \ /* the initial head and tail */ \ [_DESCS_COUNT(descbits) - 1] = { \ /* reusable */ \ .state_var = ATOMIC_INIT(DESC0_SV(descbits)), \ /* no associated data block */ \ .text_blk_lpos = FAILED_BLK_LPOS, \ }, \ }; \ static struct printk_info _##name##_infos[_DESCS_COUNT(descbits)] = { \ /* this will be the first record reserved by a writer */ \ [0] = { \ /* will be incremented to 0 on the first reservation */ \ .seq = -(u64)_DESCS_COUNT(descbits), \ }, \ /* the initial head and tail */ \ [_DESCS_COUNT(descbits) - 1] = { \ /* reports the first seq value during the bootstrap phase */ \ .seq = 0, \ }, \ }; \ static struct printk_ringbuffer name = { \ .desc_ring = { \ .count_bits = descbits, \ .descs = &_##name##_descs[0], \ .infos = &_##name##_infos[0], \ .head_id = ATOMIC_INIT(DESC0_ID(descbits)), \ .tail_id = ATOMIC_INIT(DESC0_ID(descbits)), \ }, \ .text_data_ring = { \ .size_bits = (avgtextbits) + (descbits), \ .data = text_buf, \ .head_lpos = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(BLK0_LPOS((avgtextbits) + (descbits))), \ .tail_lpos = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(BLK0_LPOS((avgtextbits) + (descbits))), \ }, \ .fail = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0), \ } /** * DEFINE_PRINTKRB() - Define a ringbuffer. * * @name: The name of the ringbuffer variable. * @descbits: The number of descriptors as a power-of-2 value. * @avgtextbits: The average text data size per record as a power-of-2 value. * * This is a macro for defining a ringbuffer and all internal structures * such that it is ready for immediate use. See _DEFINE_PRINTKRB() for a * variant where the text data buffer can be specified externally. */ #define DEFINE_PRINTKRB(name, descbits, avgtextbits) \ static char _##name##_text[1U << ((avgtextbits) + (descbits))] \ __aligned(__alignof__(unsigned long)); \ _DEFINE_PRINTKRB(name, descbits, avgtextbits, &_##name##_text[0]) /* Writer Interface */ /** * prb_rec_init_wd() - Initialize a buffer for writing records. * * @r: The record to initialize. * @text_buf_size: The needed text buffer size. */ static inline void prb_rec_init_wr(struct printk_record *r, unsigned int text_buf_size) { r->info = NULL; r->text_buf = NULL; r->text_buf_size = text_buf_size; } bool prb_reserve(struct prb_reserved_entry *e, struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, struct printk_record *r); bool prb_reserve_in_last(struct prb_reserved_entry *e, struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, struct printk_record *r, u32 caller_id, unsigned int max_size); void prb_commit(struct prb_reserved_entry *e); void prb_final_commit(struct prb_reserved_entry *e); void prb_init(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, char *text_buf, unsigned int text_buf_size, struct prb_desc *descs, unsigned int descs_count_bits, struct printk_info *infos); unsigned int prb_record_text_space(struct prb_reserved_entry *e); /* Reader Interface */ /** * prb_rec_init_rd() - Initialize a buffer for reading records. * * @r: The record to initialize. * @info: A buffer to store record meta-data. * @text_buf: A buffer to store text data. * @text_buf_size: The size of @text_buf. * * Initialize all the fields that a reader is interested in. All arguments * (except @r) are optional. Only record data for arguments that are * non-NULL or non-zero will be read. */ static inline void prb_rec_init_rd(struct printk_record *r, struct printk_info *info, char *text_buf, unsigned int text_buf_size) { r->info = info; r->text_buf = text_buf; r->text_buf_size = text_buf_size; } /** * prb_for_each_record() - Iterate over the records of a ringbuffer. * * @from: The sequence number to begin with. * @rb: The ringbuffer to iterate over. * @s: A u64 to store the sequence number on each iteration. * @r: A printk_record to store the record on each iteration. * * This is a macro for conveniently iterating over a ringbuffer. * Note that @s may not be the sequence number of the record on each * iteration. For the sequence number, @r->info->seq should be checked. * * Context: Any context. */ #define prb_for_each_record(from, rb, s, r) \ for ((s) = from; prb_read_valid(rb, s, r); (s) = (r)->info->seq + 1) /** * prb_for_each_info() - Iterate over the meta data of a ringbuffer. * * @from: The sequence number to begin with. * @rb: The ringbuffer to iterate over. * @s: A u64 to store the sequence number on each iteration. * @i: A printk_info to store the record meta data on each iteration. * @lc: An unsigned int to store the text line count of each record. * * This is a macro for conveniently iterating over a ringbuffer. * Note that @s may not be the sequence number of the record on each * iteration. For the sequence number, @r->info->seq should be checked. * * Context: Any context. */ #define prb_for_each_info(from, rb, s, i, lc) \ for ((s) = from; prb_read_valid_info(rb, s, i, lc); (s) = (i)->seq + 1) bool prb_read_valid(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, u64 seq, struct printk_record *r); bool prb_read_valid_info(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb, u64 seq, struct printk_info *info, unsigned int *line_count); u64 prb_first_valid_seq(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb); u64 prb_next_seq(struct printk_ringbuffer *rb); #endif /* _KERNEL_PRINTK_RINGBUFFER_H */
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A buffer of this size * must be available to the @final and @finup calls, so they can * store the resulting hash into it. For various predefined sizes, * search include/crypto/ using * git grep _DIGEST_SIZE include/crypto. * @statesize: Size of the block for partial state of the transformation. A * buffer of this size must be passed to the @export function as it * will save the partial state of the transformation into it. On the * other side, the @import function will load the state from a * buffer of this size as well. * @base: Start of data structure of cipher algorithm. The common data * structure of crypto_alg contains information common to all ciphers. * The hash_alg_common data structure now adds the hash-specific * information. */ struct hash_alg_common { unsigned int digestsize; unsigned int statesize; struct crypto_alg base; }; struct ahash_request { struct crypto_async_request base; unsigned int nbytes; struct scatterlist *src; u8 *result; /* This field may only be used by the ahash API code. */ void *priv; void *__ctx[] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; }; /** * struct ahash_alg - asynchronous message digest definition * @init: **[mandatory]** Initialize the transformation context. Intended only to initialize the * state of the HASH transformation at the beginning. This shall fill in * the internal structures used during the entire duration of the whole * transformation. No data processing happens at this point. Driver code * implementation must not use req->result. * @update: **[mandatory]** Push a chunk of data into the driver for transformation. This * function actually pushes blocks of data from upper layers into the * driver, which then passes those to the hardware as seen fit. This * function must not finalize the HASH transformation by calculating the * final message digest as this only adds more data into the * transformation. This function shall not modify the transformation * context, as this function may be called in parallel with the same * transformation object. Data processing can happen synchronously * [SHASH] or asynchronously [AHASH] at this point. Driver must not use * req->result. * @final: **[mandatory]** Retrieve result from the driver. This function finalizes the * transformation and retrieves the resulting hash from the driver and * pushes it back to upper layers. No data processing happens at this * point unless hardware requires it to finish the transformation * (then the data buffered by the device driver is processed). * @finup: **[optional]** Combination of @update and @final. This function is effectively a * combination of @update and @final calls issued in sequence. As some * hardware cannot do @update and @final separately, this callback was * added to allow such hardware to be used at least by IPsec. Data * processing can happen synchronously [SHASH] or asynchronously [AHASH] * at this point. * @digest: Combination of @init and @update and @final. This function * effectively behaves as the entire chain of operations, @init, * @update and @final issued in sequence. Just like @finup, this was * added for hardware which cannot do even the @finup, but can only do * the whole transformation in one run. Data processing can happen * synchronously [SHASH] or asynchronously [AHASH] at this point. * @setkey: Set optional key used by the hashing algorithm. Intended to push * optional key used by the hashing algorithm from upper layers into * the driver. This function can store the key in the transformation * context or can outright program it into the hardware. In the former * case, one must be careful to program the key into the hardware at * appropriate time and one must be careful that .setkey() can be * called multiple times during the existence of the transformation * object. Not all hashing algorithms do implement this function as it * is only needed for keyed message digests. SHAx/MDx/CRCx do NOT * implement this function. HMAC(MDx)/HMAC(SHAx)/CMAC(AES) do implement * this function. This function must be called before any other of the * @init, @update, @final, @finup, @digest is called. No data * processing happens at this point. * @export: Export partial state of the transformation. This function dumps the * entire state of the ongoing transformation into a provided block of * data so it can be @import 'ed back later on. This is useful in case * you want to save partial result of the transformation after * processing certain amount of data and reload this partial result * multiple times later on for multiple re-use. No data processing * happens at this point. Driver must not use req->result. * @import: Import partial state of the transformation. This function loads the * entire state of the ongoing transformation from a provided block of * data so the transformation can continue from this point onward. No * data processing happens at this point. Driver must not use * req->result. * @init_tfm: Initialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This function is called only once at the instantiation * time, right after the transformation context was * allocated. In case the cryptographic hardware has * some special requirements which need to be handled * by software, this function shall check for the precise * requirement of the transformation and put any software * fallbacks in place. * @exit_tfm: Deinitialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This is a counterpart to @init_tfm, used to remove * various changes set in @init_tfm. * @halg: see struct hash_alg_common */ struct ahash_alg { int (*init)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*update)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*final)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*finup)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*digest)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*export)(struct ahash_request *req, void *out); int (*import)(struct ahash_request *req, const void *in); int (*setkey)(struct crypto_ahash *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); int (*init_tfm)(struct crypto_ahash *tfm); void (*exit_tfm)(struct crypto_ahash *tfm); struct hash_alg_common halg; }; struct shash_desc { struct crypto_shash *tfm; void *__ctx[] __aligned(ARCH_SLAB_MINALIGN); }; #define HASH_MAX_DIGESTSIZE 64 /* * Worst case is hmac(sha3-224-generic). Its context is a nested 'shash_desc' * containing a 'struct sha3_state'. */ #define HASH_MAX_DESCSIZE (sizeof(struct shash_desc) + 360) #define HASH_MAX_STATESIZE 512 #define SHASH_DESC_ON_STACK(shash, ctx) \ char __##shash##_desc[sizeof(struct shash_desc) + HASH_MAX_DESCSIZE] \ __aligned(__alignof__(struct shash_desc)); \ struct shash_desc *shash = (struct shash_desc *)__##shash##_desc /** * struct shash_alg - synchronous message digest definition * @init: see struct ahash_alg * @update: see struct ahash_alg * @final: see struct ahash_alg * @finup: see struct ahash_alg * @digest: see struct ahash_alg * @export: see struct ahash_alg * @import: see struct ahash_alg * @setkey: see struct ahash_alg * @init_tfm: Initialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This function is called only once at the instantiation * time, right after the transformation context was * allocated. In case the cryptographic hardware has * some special requirements which need to be handled * by software, this function shall check for the precise * requirement of the transformation and put any software * fallbacks in place. * @exit_tfm: Deinitialize the cryptographic transformation object. * This is a counterpart to @init_tfm, used to remove * various changes set in @init_tfm. * @digestsize: see struct ahash_alg * @statesize: see struct ahash_alg * @descsize: Size of the operational state for the message digest. This state * size is the memory size that needs to be allocated for * shash_desc.__ctx * @base: internally used */ struct shash_alg { int (*init)(struct shash_desc *desc); int (*update)(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); int (*final)(struct shash_desc *desc, u8 *out); int (*finup)(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *out); int (*digest)(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *out); int (*export)(struct shash_desc *desc, void *out); int (*import)(struct shash_desc *desc, const void *in); int (*setkey)(struct crypto_shash *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); int (*init_tfm)(struct crypto_shash *tfm); void (*exit_tfm)(struct crypto_shash *tfm); unsigned int descsize; /* These fields must match hash_alg_common. */ unsigned int digestsize __attribute__ ((aligned(__alignof__(struct hash_alg_common)))); unsigned int statesize; struct crypto_alg base; }; struct crypto_ahash { int (*init)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*update)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*final)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*finup)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*digest)(struct ahash_request *req); int (*export)(struct ahash_request *req, void *out); int (*import)(struct ahash_request *req, const void *in); int (*setkey)(struct crypto_ahash *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); unsigned int reqsize; struct crypto_tfm base; }; struct crypto_shash { unsigned int descsize; struct crypto_tfm base; }; /** * DOC: Asynchronous Message Digest API * * The asynchronous message digest API is used with the ciphers of type * CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_AHASH (listed as type "ahash" in /proc/crypto) * * The asynchronous cipher operation discussion provided for the * CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_SKCIPHER API applies here as well. */ static inline struct crypto_ahash *__crypto_ahash_cast(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return container_of(tfm, struct crypto_ahash, base); } /** * crypto_alloc_ahash() - allocate ahash cipher handle * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * ahash cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Allocate a cipher handle for an ahash. The returned struct * crypto_ahash is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent * API invocation for that ahash. * * Return: allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case * of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code. */ struct crypto_ahash *crypto_alloc_ahash(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_ahash_tfm(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } /** * crypto_free_ahash() - zeroize and free the ahash handle * @tfm: cipher handle to be freed * * If @tfm is a NULL or error pointer, this function does nothing. */ static inline void crypto_free_ahash(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { crypto_destroy_tfm(tfm, crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm)); } /** * crypto_has_ahash() - Search for the availability of an ahash. * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * ahash * @type: specifies the type of the ahash * @mask: specifies the mask for the ahash * * Return: true when the ahash is known to the kernel crypto API; false * otherwise */ int crypto_has_ahash(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline const char *crypto_ahash_alg_name(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_name(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline const char *crypto_ahash_driver_name(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_driver_name(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_ahash_alignmask( struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm)); } /** * crypto_ahash_blocksize() - obtain block size for cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size for the message digest cipher referenced with the cipher * handle is returned. * * Return: block size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_ahash_blocksize(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_blocksize(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline struct hash_alg_common *__crypto_hash_alg_common( struct crypto_alg *alg) { return container_of(alg, struct hash_alg_common, base); } static inline struct hash_alg_common *crypto_hash_alg_common( struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return __crypto_hash_alg_common(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm)->__crt_alg); } /** * crypto_ahash_digestsize() - obtain message digest size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The size for the message digest created by the message digest cipher * referenced with the cipher handle is returned. * * * Return: message digest size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_ahash_digestsize(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return crypto_hash_alg_common(tfm)->digestsize; } /** * crypto_ahash_statesize() - obtain size of the ahash state * @tfm: cipher handle * * Return the size of the ahash state. With the crypto_ahash_export() * function, the caller can export the state into a buffer whose size is * defined with this function. * * Return: size of the ahash state */ static inline unsigned int crypto_ahash_statesize(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return crypto_hash_alg_common(tfm)->statesize; } static inline u32 crypto_ahash_get_flags(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_get_flags(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_ahash_set_flags(struct crypto_ahash *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_set_flags(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline void crypto_ahash_clear_flags(struct crypto_ahash *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_clear_flags(crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm), flags); } /** * crypto_ahash_reqtfm() - obtain cipher handle from request * @req: asynchronous request handle that contains the reference to the ahash * cipher handle * * Return the ahash cipher handle that is registered with the asynchronous * request handle ahash_request. * * Return: ahash cipher handle */ static inline struct crypto_ahash *crypto_ahash_reqtfm( struct ahash_request *req) { return __crypto_ahash_cast(req->base.tfm); } /** * crypto_ahash_reqsize() - obtain size of the request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle * * Return: size of the request data */ static inline unsigned int crypto_ahash_reqsize(struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { return tfm->reqsize; } static inline void *ahash_request_ctx(struct ahash_request *req) { return req->__ctx; } /** * crypto_ahash_setkey - set key for cipher handle * @tfm: cipher handle * @key: buffer holding the key * @keylen: length of the key in bytes * * The caller provided key is set for the ahash cipher. The cipher * handle must point to a keyed hash in order for this function to succeed. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_ahash_setkey(struct crypto_ahash *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); /** * crypto_ahash_finup() - update and finalize message digest * @req: reference to the ahash_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * This function is a "short-hand" for the function calls of * crypto_ahash_update and crypto_ahash_final. The parameters have the same * meaning as discussed for those separate functions. * * Return: see crypto_ahash_final() */ int crypto_ahash_finup(struct ahash_request *req); /** * crypto_ahash_final() - calculate message digest * @req: reference to the ahash_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * Finalize the message digest operation and create the message digest * based on all data added to the cipher handle. The message digest is placed * into the output buffer registered with the ahash_request handle. * * Return: * 0 if the message digest was successfully calculated; * -EINPROGRESS if data is feeded into hardware (DMA) or queued for later; * -EBUSY if queue is full and request should be resubmitted later; * other < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_ahash_final(struct ahash_request *req); /** * crypto_ahash_digest() - calculate message digest for a buffer * @req: reference to the ahash_request handle that holds all information * needed to perform the cipher operation * * This function is a "short-hand" for the function calls of crypto_ahash_init, * crypto_ahash_update and crypto_ahash_final. The parameters have the same * meaning as discussed for those separate three functions. * * Return: see crypto_ahash_final() */ int crypto_ahash_digest(struct ahash_request *req); /** * crypto_ahash_export() - extract current message digest state * @req: reference to the ahash_request handle whose state is exported * @out: output buffer of sufficient size that can hold the hash state * * This function exports the hash state of the ahash_request handle into the * caller-allocated output buffer out which must have sufficient size (e.g. by * calling crypto_ahash_statesize()). * * Return: 0 if the export was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ static inline int crypto_ahash_export(struct ahash_request *req, void *out) { return crypto_ahash_reqtfm(req)->export(req, out); } /** * crypto_ahash_import() - import message digest state * @req: reference to ahash_request handle the state is imported into * @in: buffer holding the state * * This function imports the hash state into the ahash_request handle from the * input buffer. That buffer should have been generated with the * crypto_ahash_export function. * * Return: 0 if the import was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ static inline int crypto_ahash_import(struct ahash_request *req, const void *in) { struct crypto_ahash *tfm = crypto_ahash_reqtfm(req); if (crypto_ahash_get_flags(tfm) & CRYPTO_TFM_NEED_KEY) return -ENOKEY; return tfm->import(req, in); } /** * crypto_ahash_init() - (re)initialize message digest handle * @req: ahash_request handle that already is initialized with all necessary * data using the ahash_request_* API functions * * The call (re-)initializes the message digest referenced by the ahash_request * handle. Any potentially existing state created by previous operations is * discarded. * * Return: see crypto_ahash_final() */ static inline int crypto_ahash_init(struct ahash_request *req) { struct crypto_ahash *tfm = crypto_ahash_reqtfm(req); if (crypto_ahash_get_flags(tfm) & CRYPTO_TFM_NEED_KEY) return -ENOKEY; return tfm->init(req); } /** * crypto_ahash_update() - add data to message digest for processing * @req: ahash_request handle that was previously initialized with the * crypto_ahash_init call. * * Updates the message digest state of the &ahash_request handle. The input data * is pointed to by the scatter/gather list registered in the &ahash_request * handle * * Return: see crypto_ahash_final() */ static inline int crypto_ahash_update(struct ahash_request *req) { struct crypto_ahash *tfm = crypto_ahash_reqtfm(req); struct crypto_alg *alg = tfm->base.__crt_alg; unsigned int nbytes = req->nbytes; int ret; crypto_stats_get(alg); ret = crypto_ahash_reqtfm(req)->update(req); crypto_stats_ahash_update(nbytes, ret, alg); return ret; } /** * DOC: Asynchronous Hash Request Handle * * The &ahash_request data structure contains all pointers to data * required for the asynchronous cipher operation. This includes the cipher * handle (which can be used by multiple &ahash_request instances), pointer * to plaintext and the message digest output buffer, asynchronous callback * function, etc. It acts as a handle to the ahash_request_* API calls in a * similar way as ahash handle to the crypto_ahash_* API calls. */ /** * ahash_request_set_tfm() - update cipher handle reference in request * @req: request handle to be modified * @tfm: cipher handle that shall be added to the request handle * * Allow the caller to replace the existing ahash handle in the request * data structure with a different one. */ static inline void ahash_request_set_tfm(struct ahash_request *req, struct crypto_ahash *tfm) { req->base.tfm = crypto_ahash_tfm(tfm); } /** * ahash_request_alloc() - allocate request data structure * @tfm: cipher handle to be registered with the request * @gfp: memory allocation flag that is handed to kmalloc by the API call. * * Allocate the request data structure that must be used with the ahash * message digest API calls. During * the allocation, the provided ahash handle * is registered in the request data structure. * * Return: allocated request handle in case of success, or NULL if out of memory */ static inline struct ahash_request *ahash_request_alloc( struct crypto_ahash *tfm, gfp_t gfp) { struct ahash_request *req; req = kmalloc(sizeof(struct ahash_request) + crypto_ahash_reqsize(tfm), gfp); if (likely(req)) ahash_request_set_tfm(req, tfm); return req; } /** * ahash_request_free() - zeroize and free the request data structure * @req: request data structure cipher handle to be freed */ static inline void ahash_request_free(struct ahash_request *req) { kfree_sensitive(req); } static inline void ahash_request_zero(struct ahash_request *req) { memzero_explicit(req, sizeof(*req) + crypto_ahash_reqsize(crypto_ahash_reqtfm(req))); } static inline struct ahash_request *ahash_request_cast( struct crypto_async_request *req) { return container_of(req, struct ahash_request, base); } /** * ahash_request_set_callback() - set asynchronous callback function * @req: request handle * @flags: specify zero or an ORing of the flags * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG the request queue may back log and * increase the wait queue beyond the initial maximum size; * CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP the request processing may sleep * @compl: callback function pointer to be registered with the request handle * @data: The data pointer refers to memory that is not used by the kernel * crypto API, but provided to the callback function for it to use. Here, * the caller can provide a reference to memory the callback function can * operate on. As the callback function is invoked asynchronously to the * related functionality, it may need to access data structures of the * related functionality which can be referenced using this pointer. The * callback function can access the memory via the "data" field in the * &crypto_async_request data structure provided to the callback function. * * This function allows setting the callback function that is triggered once * the cipher operation completes. * * The callback function is registered with the &ahash_request handle and * must comply with the following template:: * * void callback_function(struct crypto_async_request *req, int error) */ static inline void ahash_request_set_callback(struct ahash_request *req, u32 flags, crypto_completion_t compl, void *data) { req->base.complete = compl; req->base.data = data; req->base.flags = flags; } /** * ahash_request_set_crypt() - set data buffers * @req: ahash_request handle to be updated * @src: source scatter/gather list * @result: buffer that is filled with the message digest -- the caller must * ensure that the buffer has sufficient space by, for example, calling * crypto_ahash_digestsize() * @nbytes: number of bytes to process from the source scatter/gather list * * By using this call, the caller references the source scatter/gather list. * The source scatter/gather list points to the data the message digest is to * be calculated for. */ static inline void ahash_request_set_crypt(struct ahash_request *req, struct scatterlist *src, u8 *result, unsigned int nbytes) { req->src = src; req->nbytes = nbytes; req->result = result; } /** * DOC: Synchronous Message Digest API * * The synchronous message digest API is used with the ciphers of type * CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_SHASH (listed as type "shash" in /proc/crypto) * * The message digest API is able to maintain state information for the * caller. * * The synchronous message digest API can store user-related context in its * shash_desc request data structure. */ /** * crypto_alloc_shash() - allocate message digest handle * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * message digest cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Allocate a cipher handle for a message digest. The returned &struct * crypto_shash is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent * API invocation for that message digest. * * Return: allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case * of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code. */ struct crypto_shash *crypto_alloc_shash(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_shash_tfm(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } /** * crypto_free_shash() - zeroize and free the message digest handle * @tfm: cipher handle to be freed * * If @tfm is a NULL or error pointer, this function does nothing. */ static inline void crypto_free_shash(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { crypto_destroy_tfm(tfm, crypto_shash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline const char *crypto_shash_alg_name(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_name(crypto_shash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline const char *crypto_shash_driver_name(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_driver_name(crypto_shash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline unsigned int crypto_shash_alignmask( struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(crypto_shash_tfm(tfm)); } /** * crypto_shash_blocksize() - obtain block size for cipher * @tfm: cipher handle * * The block size for the message digest cipher referenced with the cipher * handle is returned. * * Return: block size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_shash_blocksize(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_alg_blocksize(crypto_shash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline struct shash_alg *__crypto_shash_alg(struct crypto_alg *alg) { return container_of(alg, struct shash_alg, base); } static inline struct shash_alg *crypto_shash_alg(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return __crypto_shash_alg(crypto_shash_tfm(tfm)->__crt_alg); } /** * crypto_shash_digestsize() - obtain message digest size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The size for the message digest created by the message digest cipher * referenced with the cipher handle is returned. * * Return: digest size of cipher */ static inline unsigned int crypto_shash_digestsize(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return crypto_shash_alg(tfm)->digestsize; } static inline unsigned int crypto_shash_statesize(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return crypto_shash_alg(tfm)->statesize; } static inline u32 crypto_shash_get_flags(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return crypto_tfm_get_flags(crypto_shash_tfm(tfm)); } static inline void crypto_shash_set_flags(struct crypto_shash *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_set_flags(crypto_shash_tfm(tfm), flags); } static inline void crypto_shash_clear_flags(struct crypto_shash *tfm, u32 flags) { crypto_tfm_clear_flags(crypto_shash_tfm(tfm), flags); } /** * crypto_shash_descsize() - obtain the operational state size * @tfm: cipher handle * * The size of the operational state the cipher needs during operation is * returned for the hash referenced with the cipher handle. This size is * required to calculate the memory requirements to allow the caller allocating * sufficient memory for operational state. * * The operational state is defined with struct shash_desc where the size of * that data structure is to be calculated as * sizeof(struct shash_desc) + crypto_shash_descsize(alg) * * Return: size of the operational state */ static inline unsigned int crypto_shash_descsize(struct crypto_shash *tfm) { return tfm->descsize; } static inline void *shash_desc_ctx(struct shash_desc *desc) { return desc->__ctx; } /** * crypto_shash_setkey() - set key for message digest * @tfm: cipher handle * @key: buffer holding the key * @keylen: length of the key in bytes * * The caller provided key is set for the keyed message digest cipher. The * cipher handle must point to a keyed message digest cipher in order for this * function to succeed. * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_shash_setkey(struct crypto_shash *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen); /** * crypto_shash_digest() - calculate message digest for buffer * @desc: see crypto_shash_final() * @data: see crypto_shash_update() * @len: see crypto_shash_update() * @out: see crypto_shash_final() * * This function is a "short-hand" for the function calls of crypto_shash_init, * crypto_shash_update and crypto_shash_final. The parameters have the same * meaning as discussed for those separate three functions. * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 if the message digest creation was successful; < 0 if an error * occurred */ int crypto_shash_digest(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *out); /** * crypto_shash_tfm_digest() - calculate message digest for buffer * @tfm: hash transformation object * @data: see crypto_shash_update() * @len: see crypto_shash_update() * @out: see crypto_shash_final() * * This is a simplified version of crypto_shash_digest() for users who don't * want to allocate their own hash descriptor (shash_desc). Instead, * crypto_shash_tfm_digest() takes a hash transformation object (crypto_shash) * directly, and it allocates a hash descriptor on the stack internally. * Note that this stack allocation may be fairly large. * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 on success; < 0 if an error occurred. */ int crypto_shash_tfm_digest(struct crypto_shash *tfm, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *out); /** * crypto_shash_export() - extract operational state for message digest * @desc: reference to the operational state handle whose state is exported * @out: output buffer of sufficient size that can hold the hash state * * This function exports the hash state of the operational state handle into the * caller-allocated output buffer out which must have sufficient size (e.g. by * calling crypto_shash_descsize). * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 if the export creation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ static inline int crypto_shash_export(struct shash_desc *desc, void *out) { return crypto_shash_alg(desc->tfm)->export(desc, out); } /** * crypto_shash_import() - import operational state * @desc: reference to the operational state handle the state imported into * @in: buffer holding the state * * This function imports the hash state into the operational state handle from * the input buffer. That buffer should have been generated with the * crypto_ahash_export function. * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 if the import was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ static inline int crypto_shash_import(struct shash_desc *desc, const void *in) { struct crypto_shash *tfm = desc->tfm; if (crypto_shash_get_flags(tfm) & CRYPTO_TFM_NEED_KEY) return -ENOKEY; return crypto_shash_alg(tfm)->import(desc, in); } /** * crypto_shash_init() - (re)initialize message digest * @desc: operational state handle that is already filled * * The call (re-)initializes the message digest referenced by the * operational state handle. Any potentially existing state created by * previous operations is discarded. * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 if the message digest initialization was successful; < 0 if an * error occurred */ static inline int crypto_shash_init(struct shash_desc *desc) { struct crypto_shash *tfm = desc->tfm; if (crypto_shash_get_flags(tfm) & CRYPTO_TFM_NEED_KEY) return -ENOKEY; return crypto_shash_alg(tfm)->init(desc); } /** * crypto_shash_update() - add data to message digest for processing * @desc: operational state handle that is already initialized * @data: input data to be added to the message digest * @len: length of the input data * * Updates the message digest state of the operational state handle. * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 if the message digest update was successful; < 0 if an error * occurred */ int crypto_shash_update(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); /** * crypto_shash_final() - calculate message digest * @desc: operational state handle that is already filled with data * @out: output buffer filled with the message digest * * Finalize the message digest operation and create the message digest * based on all data added to the cipher handle. The message digest is placed * into the output buffer. The caller must ensure that the output buffer is * large enough by using crypto_shash_digestsize. * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 if the message digest creation was successful; < 0 if an error * occurred */ int crypto_shash_final(struct shash_desc *desc, u8 *out); /** * crypto_shash_finup() - calculate message digest of buffer * @desc: see crypto_shash_final() * @data: see crypto_shash_update() * @len: see crypto_shash_update() * @out: see crypto_shash_final() * * This function is a "short-hand" for the function calls of * crypto_shash_update and crypto_shash_final. The parameters have the same * meaning as discussed for those separate functions. * * Context: Any context. * Return: 0 if the message digest creation was successful; < 0 if an error * occurred */ int crypto_shash_finup(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *out); static inline void shash_desc_zero(struct shash_desc *desc) { memzero_explicit(desc, sizeof(*desc) + crypto_shash_descsize(desc->tfm)); } #endif /* _CRYPTO_HASH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_MSR_H #define _ASM_X86_MSR_H #include "msr-index.h" #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <asm/cpumask.h> #include <uapi/asm/msr.h> struct msr { union { struct { u32 l; u32 h; }; u64 q; }; }; struct msr_info { u32 msr_no; struct msr reg; struct msr *msrs; int err; }; struct msr_regs_info { u32 *regs; int err; }; struct saved_msr { bool valid; struct msr_info info; }; struct saved_msrs { unsigned int num; struct saved_msr *array; }; /* * both i386 and x86_64 returns 64-bit value in edx:eax, but gcc's "A" * constraint has different meanings. For i386, "A" means exactly * edx:eax, while for x86_64 it doesn't mean rdx:rax or edx:eax. Instead, * it means rax *or* rdx. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* Using 64-bit values saves one instruction clearing the high half of low */ #define DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high) unsigned long low, high #define EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high) ((low) | (high) << 32) #define EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) "=a" (low), "=d" (high) #else #define DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high) unsigned long long val #define EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high) (val) #define EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) "=A" (val) #endif /* * Be very careful with includes. This header is prone to include loops. */ #include <asm/atomic.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(read_msr); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(write_msr); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(rdpmc); extern void do_trace_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); extern void do_trace_read_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); extern void do_trace_rdpmc(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); #else static inline void do_trace_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} static inline void do_trace_read_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} static inline void do_trace_rdpmc(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} #endif /* * __rdmsr() and __wrmsr() are the two primitives which are the bare minimum MSR * accessors and should not have any tracing or other functionality piggybacking * on them - those are *purely* for accessing MSRs and nothing more. So don't even * think of extending them - you will be slapped with a stinking trout or a frozen * shark will reach you, wherever you are! You've been warned. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long __rdmsr(unsigned int msr) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("1: rdmsr\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_rdmsr_unsafe) : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (msr)); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } static __always_inline void __wrmsr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { asm volatile("1: wrmsr\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_wrmsr_unsafe) : : "c" (msr), "a"(low), "d" (high) : "memory"); } #define native_rdmsr(msr, val1, val2) \ do { \ u64 __val = __rdmsr((msr)); \ (void)((val1) = (u32)__val); \ (void)((val2) = (u32)(__val >> 32)); \ } while (0) #define native_wrmsr(msr, low, high) \ __wrmsr(msr, low, high) #define native_wrmsrl(msr, val) \ __wrmsr((msr), (u32)((u64)(val)), \ (u32)((u64)(val) >> 32)) static inline unsigned long long native_read_msr(unsigned int msr) { unsigned long long val; val = __rdmsr(msr); if (tracepoint_enabled(read_msr)) do_trace_read_msr(msr, val, 0); return val; } static inline unsigned long long native_read_msr_safe(unsigned int msr, int *err) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("2: rdmsr ; xor %[err],%[err]\n" "1:\n\t" ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t" "3: mov %[fault],%[err]\n\t" "xorl %%eax, %%eax\n\t" "xorl %%edx, %%edx\n\t" "jmp 1b\n\t" ".previous\n\t" _ASM_EXTABLE(2b, 3b) : [err] "=r" (*err), EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (msr), [fault] "i" (-EIO)); if (tracepoint_enabled(read_msr)) do_trace_read_msr(msr, EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high), *err); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } /* Can be uninlined because referenced by paravirt */ static inline void notrace native_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { __wrmsr(msr, low, high); if (tracepoint_enabled(write_msr)) do_trace_write_msr(msr, ((u64)high << 32 | low), 0); } /* Can be uninlined because referenced by paravirt */ static inline int notrace native_write_msr_safe(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { int err; asm volatile("2: wrmsr ; xor %[err],%[err]\n" "1:\n\t" ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t" "3: mov %[fault],%[err] ; jmp 1b\n\t" ".previous\n\t" _ASM_EXTABLE(2b, 3b) : [err] "=a" (err) : "c" (msr), "0" (low), "d" (high), [fault] "i" (-EIO) : "memory"); if (tracepoint_enabled(write_msr)) do_trace_write_msr(msr, ((u64)high << 32 | low), err); return err; } extern int rdmsr_safe_regs(u32 regs[8]); extern int wrmsr_safe_regs(u32 regs[8]); /** * rdtsc() - returns the current TSC without ordering constraints * * rdtsc() returns the result of RDTSC as a 64-bit integer. The * only ordering constraint it supplies is the ordering implied by * "asm volatile": it will put the RDTSC in the place you expect. The * CPU can and will speculatively execute that RDTSC, though, so the * results can be non-monotonic if compared on different CPUs. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long rdtsc(void) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("rdtsc" : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high)); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } /** * rdtsc_ordered() - read the current TSC in program order * * rdtsc_ordered() returns the result of RDTSC as a 64-bit integer. * It is ordered like a load to a global in-memory counter. It should * be impossible to observe non-monotonic rdtsc_unordered() behavior * across multiple CPUs as long as the TSC is synced. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long rdtsc_ordered(void) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); /* * The RDTSC instruction is not ordered relative to memory * access. The Intel SDM and the AMD APM are both vague on this * point, but empirically an RDTSC instruction can be * speculatively executed before prior loads. An RDTSC * immediately after an appropriate barrier appears to be * ordered as a normal load, that is, it provides the same * ordering guarantees as reading from a global memory location * that some other imaginary CPU is updating continuously with a * time stamp. * * Thus, use the preferred barrier on the respective CPU, aiming for * RDTSCP as the default. */ asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE_2("rdtsc", "lfence; rdtsc", X86_FEATURE_LFENCE_RDTSC, "rdtscp", X86_FEATURE_RDTSCP) : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) /* RDTSCP clobbers ECX with MSR_TSC_AUX. */ :: "ecx"); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } static inline unsigned long long native_read_pmc(int counter) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("rdpmc" : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (counter)); if (tracepoint_enabled(rdpmc)) do_trace_rdpmc(counter, EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high), 0); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else #include <linux/errno.h> /* * Access to machine-specific registers (available on 586 and better only) * Note: the rd* operations modify the parameters directly (without using * pointer indirection), this allows gcc to optimize better */ #define rdmsr(msr, low, high) \ do { \ u64 __val = native_read_msr((msr)); \ (void)((low) = (u32)__val); \ (void)((high) = (u32)(__val >> 32)); \ } while (0) static inline void wrmsr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { native_write_msr(msr, low, high); } #define rdmsrl(msr, val) \ ((val) = native_read_msr((msr))) static inline void wrmsrl(unsigned int msr, u64 val) { native_write_msr(msr, (u32)(val & 0xffffffffULL), (u32)(val >> 32)); } /* wrmsr with exception handling */ static inline int wrmsr_safe(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { return native_write_msr_safe(msr, low, high); } /* rdmsr with exception handling */ #define rdmsr_safe(msr, low, high) \ ({ \ int __err; \ u64 __val = native_read_msr_safe((msr), &__err); \ (*low) = (u32)__val; \ (*high) = (u32)(__val >> 32); \ __err; \ }) static inline int rdmsrl_safe(unsigned int msr, unsigned long long *p) { int err; *p = native_read_msr_safe(msr, &err); return err; } #define rdpmc(counter, low, high) \ do { \ u64 _l = native_read_pmc((counter)); \ (low) = (u32)_l; \ (high) = (u32)(_l >> 32); \ } while (0) #define rdpmcl(counter, val) ((val) = native_read_pmc(counter)) #endif /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ /* * 64-bit version of wrmsr_safe(): */ static inline int wrmsrl_safe(u32 msr, u64 val) { return wrmsr_safe(msr, (u32)val, (u32)(val >> 32)); } #define write_tsc(low, high) wrmsr(MSR_IA32_TSC, (low), (high)) #define write_rdtscp_aux(val) wrmsr(MSR_TSC_AUX, (val), 0) struct msr *msrs_alloc(void); void msrs_free(struct msr *msrs); int msr_set_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit); int msr_clear_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int rdmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h); int wrmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h); int rdmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q); int wrmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q); void rdmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *mask, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs); void wrmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *mask, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs); int rdmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h); int wrmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h); int rdmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q); int wrmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q); int rdmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]); int wrmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline int rdmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h) { rdmsr(msr_no, *l, *h); return 0; } static inline int wrmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h) { wrmsr(msr_no, l, h); return 0; } static inline int rdmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q) { rdmsrl(msr_no, *q); return 0; } static inline int wrmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q) { wrmsrl(msr_no, q); return 0; } static inline void rdmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *m, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs) { rdmsr_on_cpu(0, msr_no, &(msrs[0].l), &(msrs[0].h)); } static inline void wrmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *m, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs) { wrmsr_on_cpu(0, msr_no, msrs[0].l, msrs[0].h); } static inline int rdmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h) { return rdmsr_safe(msr_no, l, h); } static inline int wrmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h) { return wrmsr_safe(msr_no, l, h); } static inline int rdmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q) { return rdmsrl_safe(msr_no, q); } static inline int wrmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q) { return wrmsrl_safe(msr_no, q); } static inline int rdmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]) { return rdmsr_safe_regs(regs); } static inline int wrmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]) { return wrmsr_safe_regs(regs); } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_MSR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 /* BlueZ - Bluetooth protocol stack for Linux Copyright (C) 2000-2001 Qualcomm Incorporated Written 2000,2001 by Maxim Krasnyansky <maxk@qualcomm.com> This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation; THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT OF THIRD PARTY RIGHTS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER(S) AND AUTHOR(S) BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, OR ANY SPECIAL INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE. ALL LIABILITY, INCLUDING LIABILITY FOR INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENTS, COPYRIGHTS, TRADEMARKS OR OTHER RIGHTS, RELATING TO USE OF THIS SOFTWARE IS DISCLAIMED. */ #ifndef __BLUETOOTH_H #define __BLUETOOTH_H #include <linux/poll.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #define BT_SUBSYS_VERSION 2 #define BT_SUBSYS_REVISION 22 #ifndef AF_BLUETOOTH #define AF_BLUETOOTH 31 #define PF_BLUETOOTH AF_BLUETOOTH #endif /* Bluetooth versions */ #define BLUETOOTH_VER_1_1 1 #define BLUETOOTH_VER_1_2 2 #define BLUETOOTH_VER_2_0 3 #define BLUETOOTH_VER_2_1 4 #define BLUETOOTH_VER_4_0 6 /* Reserv for core and drivers use */ #define BT_SKB_RESERVE 8 #define BTPROTO_L2CAP 0 #define BTPROTO_HCI 1 #define BTPROTO_SCO 2 #define BTPROTO_RFCOMM 3 #define BTPROTO_BNEP 4 #define BTPROTO_CMTP 5 #define BTPROTO_HIDP 6 #define BTPROTO_AVDTP 7 #define SOL_HCI 0 #define SOL_L2CAP 6 #define SOL_SCO 17 #define SOL_RFCOMM 18 #define BT_SECURITY 4 struct bt_security { __u8 level; __u8 key_size; }; #define BT_SECURITY_SDP 0 #define BT_SECURITY_LOW 1 #define BT_SECURITY_MEDIUM 2 #define BT_SECURITY_HIGH 3 #define BT_SECURITY_FIPS 4 #define BT_DEFER_SETUP 7 #define BT_FLUSHABLE 8 #define BT_FLUSHABLE_OFF 0 #define BT_FLUSHABLE_ON 1 #define BT_POWER 9 struct bt_power { __u8 force_active; }; #define BT_POWER_FORCE_ACTIVE_OFF 0 #define BT_POWER_FORCE_ACTIVE_ON 1 #define BT_CHANNEL_POLICY 10 /* BR/EDR only (default policy) * AMP controllers cannot be used. * Channel move requests from the remote device are denied. * If the L2CAP channel is currently using AMP, move the channel to BR/EDR. */ #define BT_CHANNEL_POLICY_BREDR_ONLY 0 /* BR/EDR Preferred * Allow use of AMP controllers. * If the L2CAP channel is currently on AMP, move it to BR/EDR. * Channel move requests from the remote device are allowed. */ #define BT_CHANNEL_POLICY_BREDR_PREFERRED 1 /* AMP Preferred * Allow use of AMP controllers * If the L2CAP channel is currently on BR/EDR and AMP controller * resources are available, initiate a channel move to AMP. * Channel move requests from the remote device are allowed. * If the L2CAP socket has not been connected yet, try to create * and configure the channel directly on an AMP controller rather * than BR/EDR. */ #define BT_CHANNEL_POLICY_AMP_PREFERRED 2 #define BT_VOICE 11 struct bt_voice { __u16 setting; }; #define BT_VOICE_TRANSPARENT 0x0003 #define BT_VOICE_CVSD_16BIT 0x0060 #define BT_SNDMTU 12 #define BT_RCVMTU 13 #define BT_PHY 14 #define BT_PHY_BR_1M_1SLOT 0x00000001 #define BT_PHY_BR_1M_3SLOT 0x00000002 #define BT_PHY_BR_1M_5SLOT 0x00000004 #define BT_PHY_EDR_2M_1SLOT 0x00000008 #define BT_PHY_EDR_2M_3SLOT 0x00000010 #define BT_PHY_EDR_2M_5SLOT 0x00000020 #define BT_PHY_EDR_3M_1SLOT 0x00000040 #define BT_PHY_EDR_3M_3SLOT 0x00000080 #define BT_PHY_EDR_3M_5SLOT 0x00000100 #define BT_PHY_LE_1M_TX 0x00000200 #define BT_PHY_LE_1M_RX 0x00000400 #define BT_PHY_LE_2M_TX 0x00000800 #define BT_PHY_LE_2M_RX 0x00001000 #define BT_PHY_LE_CODED_TX 0x00002000 #define BT_PHY_LE_CODED_RX 0x00004000 #define BT_MODE 15 #define BT_MODE_BASIC 0x00 #define BT_MODE_ERTM 0x01 #define BT_MODE_STREAMING 0x02 #define BT_MODE_LE_FLOWCTL 0x03 #define BT_MODE_EXT_FLOWCTL 0x04 #define BT_PKT_STATUS 16 #define BT_SCM_PKT_STATUS 0x03 __printf(1, 2) void bt_info(const char *fmt, ...); __printf(1, 2) void bt_warn(const char *fmt, ...); __printf(1, 2) void bt_err(const char *fmt, ...); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BT_FEATURE_DEBUG) void bt_dbg_set(bool enable); bool bt_dbg_get(void); __printf(1, 2) void bt_dbg(const char *fmt, ...); #endif __printf(1, 2) void bt_warn_ratelimited(const char *fmt, ...); __printf(1, 2) void bt_err_ratelimited(const char *fmt, ...); #define BT_INFO(fmt, ...) bt_info(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #define BT_WARN(fmt, ...) bt_warn(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #define BT_ERR(fmt, ...) bt_err(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BT_FEATURE_DEBUG) #define BT_DBG(fmt, ...) bt_dbg(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define BT_DBG(fmt, ...) pr_debug(fmt "\n", ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define bt_dev_info(hdev, fmt, ...) \ BT_INFO("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_warn(hdev, fmt, ...) \ BT_WARN("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_err(hdev, fmt, ...) \ BT_ERR("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_dbg(hdev, fmt, ...) \ BT_DBG("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_warn_ratelimited(hdev, fmt, ...) \ bt_warn_ratelimited("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define bt_dev_err_ratelimited(hdev, fmt, ...) \ bt_err_ratelimited("%s: " fmt, (hdev)->name, ##__VA_ARGS__) /* Connection and socket states */ enum { BT_CONNECTED = 1, /* Equal to TCP_ESTABLISHED to make net code happy */ BT_OPEN, BT_BOUND, BT_LISTEN, BT_CONNECT, BT_CONNECT2, BT_CONFIG, BT_DISCONN, BT_CLOSED }; /* If unused will be removed by compiler */ static inline const char *state_to_string(int state) { switch (state) { case BT_CONNECTED: return "BT_CONNECTED"; case BT_OPEN: return "BT_OPEN"; case BT_BOUND: return "BT_BOUND"; case BT_LISTEN: return "BT_LISTEN"; case BT_CONNECT: return "BT_CONNECT"; case BT_CONNECT2: return "BT_CONNECT2"; case BT_CONFIG: return "BT_CONFIG"; case BT_DISCONN: return "BT_DISCONN"; case BT_CLOSED: return "BT_CLOSED"; } return "invalid state"; } /* BD Address */ typedef struct { __u8 b[6]; } __packed bdaddr_t; /* BD Address type */ #define BDADDR_BREDR 0x00 #define BDADDR_LE_PUBLIC 0x01 #define BDADDR_LE_RANDOM 0x02 static inline bool bdaddr_type_is_valid(u8 type) { switch (type) { case BDADDR_BREDR: case BDADDR_LE_PUBLIC: case BDADDR_LE_RANDOM: return true; } return false; } static inline bool bdaddr_type_is_le(u8 type) { switch (type) { case BDADDR_LE_PUBLIC: case BDADDR_LE_RANDOM: return true; } return false; } #define BDADDR_ANY (&(bdaddr_t) {{0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0}}) #define BDADDR_NONE (&(bdaddr_t) {{0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff}}) /* Copy, swap, convert BD Address */ static inline int bacmp(const bdaddr_t *ba1, const bdaddr_t *ba2) { return memcmp(ba1, ba2, sizeof(bdaddr_t)); } static inline void bacpy(bdaddr_t *dst, const bdaddr_t *src) { memcpy(dst, src, sizeof(bdaddr_t)); } void baswap(bdaddr_t *dst, const bdaddr_t *src); /* Common socket structures and functions */ #define bt_sk(__sk) ((struct bt_sock *) __sk) struct bt_sock { struct sock sk; struct list_head accept_q; struct sock *parent; unsigned long flags; void (*skb_msg_name)(struct sk_buff *, void *, int *); void (*skb_put_cmsg)(struct sk_buff *, struct msghdr *, struct sock *); }; enum { BT_SK_DEFER_SETUP, BT_SK_SUSPEND, }; struct bt_sock_list { struct hlist_head head; rwlock_t lock; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS int (* custom_seq_show)(struct seq_file *, void *); #endif }; int bt_sock_register(int proto, const struct net_proto_family *ops); void bt_sock_unregister(int proto); void bt_sock_link(struct bt_sock_list *l, struct sock *s); void bt_sock_unlink(struct bt_sock_list *l, struct sock *s); int bt_sock_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len, int flags); int bt_sock_stream_recvmsg(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len, int flags); __poll_t bt_sock_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, poll_table *wait); int bt_sock_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); int bt_sock_wait_state(struct sock *sk, int state, unsigned long timeo); int bt_sock_wait_ready(struct sock *sk, unsigned long flags); void bt_accept_enqueue(struct sock *parent, struct sock *sk, bool bh); void bt_accept_unlink(struct sock *sk); struct sock *bt_accept_dequeue(struct sock *parent, struct socket *newsock); /* Skb helpers */ struct l2cap_ctrl { u8 sframe:1, poll:1, final:1, fcs:1, sar:2, super:2; u16 reqseq; u16 txseq; u8 retries; __le16 psm; bdaddr_t bdaddr; struct l2cap_chan *chan; }; struct sco_ctrl { u8 pkt_status; }; struct hci_dev; typedef void (*hci_req_complete_t)(struct hci_dev *hdev, u8 status, u16 opcode); typedef void (*hci_req_complete_skb_t)(struct hci_dev *hdev, u8 status, u16 opcode, struct sk_buff *skb); #define HCI_REQ_START BIT(0) #define HCI_REQ_SKB BIT(1) struct hci_ctrl { u16 opcode; u8 req_flags; u8 req_event; union { hci_req_complete_t req_complete; hci_req_complete_skb_t req_complete_skb; }; }; struct bt_skb_cb { u8 pkt_type; u8 force_active; u16 expect; u8 incoming:1; union { struct l2cap_ctrl l2cap; struct sco_ctrl sco; struct hci_ctrl hci; }; }; #define bt_cb(skb) ((struct bt_skb_cb *)((skb)->cb)) #define hci_skb_pkt_type(skb) bt_cb((skb))->pkt_type #define hci_skb_expect(skb) bt_cb((skb))->expect #define hci_skb_opcode(skb) bt_cb((skb))->hci.opcode static inline struct sk_buff *bt_skb_alloc(unsigned int len, gfp_t how) { struct sk_buff *skb; skb = alloc_skb(len + BT_SKB_RESERVE, how); if (skb) skb_reserve(skb, BT_SKB_RESERVE); return skb; } static inline struct sk_buff *bt_skb_send_alloc(struct sock *sk, unsigned long len, int nb, int *err) { struct sk_buff *skb; skb = sock_alloc_send_skb(sk, len + BT_SKB_RESERVE, nb, err); if (skb) skb_reserve(skb, BT_SKB_RESERVE); if (!skb && *err) return NULL; *err = sock_error(sk); if (*err) goto out; if (sk->sk_shutdown) { *err = -ECONNRESET; goto out; } return skb; out: kfree_skb(skb); return NULL; } int bt_to_errno(u16 code); void hci_sock_set_flag(struct sock *sk, int nr); void hci_sock_clear_flag(struct sock *sk, int nr); int hci_sock_test_flag(struct sock *sk, int nr); unsigned short hci_sock_get_channel(struct sock *sk); u32 hci_sock_get_cookie(struct sock *sk); int hci_sock_init(void); void hci_sock_cleanup(void); int bt_sysfs_init(void); void bt_sysfs_cleanup(void); int bt_procfs_init(struct net *net, const char *name, struct bt_sock_list *sk_list, int (*seq_show)(struct seq_file *, void *)); void bt_procfs_cleanup(struct net *net, const char *name); extern struct dentry *bt_debugfs; int l2cap_init(void); void l2cap_exit(void); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BT_BREDR) int sco_init(void); void sco_exit(void); #else static inline int sco_init(void) { return 0; } static inline void sco_exit(void) { } #endif int mgmt_init(void); void mgmt_exit(void); void bt_sock_reclassify_lock(struct sock *sk, int proto); #endif /* __BLUETOOTH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _SCSI_SCSI_REQUEST_H #define _SCSI_SCSI_REQUEST_H #include <linux/blk-mq.h> #define BLK_MAX_CDB 16 struct scsi_request { unsigned char __cmd[BLK_MAX_CDB]; unsigned char *cmd; unsigned short cmd_len; int result; unsigned int sense_len; unsigned int resid_len; /* residual count */ int retries; void *sense; }; static inline struct scsi_request *scsi_req(struct request *rq) { return blk_mq_rq_to_pdu(rq); } static inline void scsi_req_free_cmd(struct scsi_request *req) { if (req->cmd != req->__cmd) kfree(req->cmd); } void scsi_req_init(struct scsi_request *req); #endif /* _SCSI_SCSI_REQUEST_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_SPECIAL_INSNS_H #define _ASM_X86_SPECIAL_INSNS_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <asm/nops.h> #include <asm/processor-flags.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> /* * The compiler should not reorder volatile asm statements with respect to each * other: they should execute in program order. However GCC 4.9.x and 5.x have * a bug (which was fixed in 8.1, 7.3 and 6.5) where they might reorder * volatile asm. The write functions are not affected since they have memory * clobbers preventing reordering. To prevent reads from being reordered with * respect to writes, use a dummy memory operand. */ #define __FORCE_ORDER "m"(*(unsigned int *)0x1000UL) void native_write_cr0(unsigned long val); static inline unsigned long native_read_cr0(void) { unsigned long val; asm volatile("mov %%cr0,%0\n\t" : "=r" (val) : __FORCE_ORDER); return val; } static __always_inline unsigned long native_read_cr2(void) { unsigned long val; asm volatile("mov %%cr2,%0\n\t" : "=r" (val) : __FORCE_ORDER); return val; } static __always_inline void native_write_cr2(unsigned long val) { asm volatile("mov %0,%%cr2": : "r" (val) : "memory"); } static inline unsigned long __native_read_cr3(void) { unsigned long val; asm volatile("mov %%cr3,%0\n\t" : "=r" (val) : __FORCE_ORDER); return val; } static inline void native_write_cr3(unsigned long val) { asm volatile("mov %0,%%cr3": : "r" (val) : "memory"); } static inline unsigned long native_read_cr4(void) { unsigned long val; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 /* * This could fault if CR4 does not exist. Non-existent CR4 * is functionally equivalent to CR4 == 0. Keep it simple and pretend * that CR4 == 0 on CPUs that don't have CR4. */ asm volatile("1: mov %%cr4, %0\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 2b) : "=r" (val) : "0" (0), __FORCE_ORDER); #else /* CR4 always exists on x86_64. */ asm volatile("mov %%cr4,%0\n\t" : "=r" (val) : __FORCE_ORDER); #endif return val; } void native_write_cr4(unsigned long val); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS static inline u32 rdpkru(void) { u32 ecx = 0; u32 edx, pkru; /* * "rdpkru" instruction. Places PKRU contents in to EAX, * clears EDX and requires that ecx=0. */ asm volatile(".byte 0x0f,0x01,0xee\n\t" : "=a" (pkru), "=d" (edx) : "c" (ecx)); return pkru; } static inline void wrpkru(u32 pkru) { u32 ecx = 0, edx = 0; /* * "wrpkru" instruction. Loads contents in EAX to PKRU, * requires that ecx = edx = 0. */ asm volatile(".byte 0x0f,0x01,0xef\n\t" : : "a" (pkru), "c"(ecx), "d"(edx)); } static inline void __write_pkru(u32 pkru) { /* * WRPKRU is relatively expensive compared to RDPKRU. * Avoid WRPKRU when it would not change the value. */ if (pkru == rdpkru()) return; wrpkru(pkru); } #else static inline u32 rdpkru(void) { return 0; } static inline void __write_pkru(u32 pkru) { } #endif static inline void native_wbinvd(void) { asm volatile("wbinvd": : :"memory"); } extern asmlinkage void asm_load_gs_index(unsigned int selector); static inline void native_load_gs_index(unsigned int selector) { unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); asm_load_gs_index(selector); local_irq_restore(flags); } static inline unsigned long __read_cr4(void) { return native_read_cr4(); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else static inline unsigned long read_cr0(void) { return native_read_cr0(); } static inline void write_cr0(unsigned long x) { native_write_cr0(x); } static __always_inline unsigned long read_cr2(void) { return native_read_cr2(); } static __always_inline void write_cr2(unsigned long x) { native_write_cr2(x); } /* * Careful! CR3 contains more than just an address. You probably want * read_cr3_pa() instead. */ static inline unsigned long __read_cr3(void) { return __native_read_cr3(); } static inline void write_cr3(unsigned long x) { native_write_cr3(x); } static inline void __write_cr4(unsigned long x) { native_write_cr4(x); } static inline void wbinvd(void) { native_wbinvd(); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 static inline void load_gs_index(unsigned int selector) { native_load_gs_index(selector); } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ static inline void clflush(volatile void *__p) { asm volatile("clflush %0" : "+m" (*(volatile char __force *)__p)); } static inline void clflushopt(volatile void *__p) { alternative_io(".byte " __stringify(NOP_DS_PREFIX) "; clflush %P0", ".byte 0x66; clflush %P0", X86_FEATURE_CLFLUSHOPT, "+m" (*(volatile char __force *)__p)); } static inline void clwb(volatile void *__p) { volatile struct { char x[64]; } *p = __p; asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE_2( ".byte " __stringify(NOP_DS_PREFIX) "; clflush (%[pax])", ".byte 0x66; clflush (%[pax])", /* clflushopt (%%rax) */ X86_FEATURE_CLFLUSHOPT, ".byte 0x66, 0x0f, 0xae, 0x30", /* clwb (%%rax) */ X86_FEATURE_CLWB) : [p] "+m" (*p) : [pax] "a" (p)); } #define nop() asm volatile ("nop") static inline void serialize(void) { /* Instruction opcode for SERIALIZE; supported in binutils >= 2.35. */ asm volatile(".byte 0xf, 0x1, 0xe8" ::: "memory"); } /* The dst parameter must be 64-bytes aligned */ static inline void movdir64b(void *dst, const void *src) { const struct { char _[64]; } *__src = src; struct { char _[64]; } *__dst = dst; /* * MOVDIR64B %(rdx), rax. * * Both __src and __dst must be memory constraints in order to tell the * compiler that no other memory accesses should be reordered around * this one. * * Also, both must be supplied as lvalues because this tells * the compiler what the object is (its size) the instruction accesses. * I.e., not the pointers but what they point to, thus the deref'ing '*'. */ asm volatile(".byte 0x66, 0x0f, 0x38, 0xf8, 0x02" : "+m" (*__dst) : "m" (*__src), "a" (__dst), "d" (__src)); } /** * enqcmds - Enqueue a command in supervisor (CPL0) mode * @dst: destination, in MMIO space (must be 512-bit aligned) * @src: 512 bits memory operand * * The ENQCMDS instruction allows software to write a 512-bit command to * a 512-bit-aligned special MMIO region that supports the instruction. * A return status is loaded into the ZF flag in the RFLAGS register. * ZF = 0 equates to success, and ZF = 1 indicates retry or error. * * This function issues the ENQCMDS instruction to submit data from * kernel space to MMIO space, in a unit of 512 bits. Order of data access * is not guaranteed, nor is a memory barrier performed afterwards. It * returns 0 on success and -EAGAIN on failure. * * Warning: Do not use this helper unless your driver has checked that the * ENQCMDS instruction is supported on the platform and the device accepts * ENQCMDS. */ static inline int enqcmds(void __iomem *dst, const void *src) { const struct { char _[64]; } *__src = src; struct { char _[64]; } __iomem *__dst = dst; bool zf; /* * ENQCMDS %(rdx), rax * * See movdir64b()'s comment on operand specification. */ asm volatile(".byte 0xf3, 0x0f, 0x38, 0xf8, 0x02, 0x66, 0x90" CC_SET(z) : CC_OUT(z) (zf), "+m" (*__dst) : "m" (*__src), "a" (__dst), "d" (__src)); /* Submission failure is indicated via EFLAGS.ZF=1 */ if (zf) return -EAGAIN; return 0; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_SPECIAL_INSNS_H */
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2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_H /* * Define 'struct task_struct' and provide the main scheduler * APIs (schedule(), wakeup variants, etc.) */ #include <uapi/linux/sched.h> #include <asm/current.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/sem.h> #include <linux/shm.h> #include <linux/kcov.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/plist.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/seccomp.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/latencytop.h> #include <linux/sched/prio.h> #include <linux/sched/types.h> #include <linux/signal_types.h> #include <linux/mm_types_task.h> #include <linux/task_io_accounting.h> #include <linux/posix-timers.h> #include <linux/rseq.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/kcsan.h> /* task_struct member predeclarations (sorted alphabetically): */ struct audit_context; struct backing_dev_info; struct bio_list; struct blk_plug; struct capture_control; struct cfs_rq; struct fs_struct; struct futex_pi_state; struct io_context; struct mempolicy; struct nameidata; struct nsproxy; struct perf_event_context; struct pid_namespace; struct pipe_inode_info; struct rcu_node; struct reclaim_state; struct robust_list_head; struct root_domain; struct rq; struct sched_attr; struct sched_param; struct seq_file; struct sighand_struct; struct signal_struct; struct task_delay_info; struct task_group; struct io_uring_task; /* * Task state bitmask. NOTE! These bits are also * encoded in fs/proc/array.c: get_task_state(). * * We have two separate sets of flags: task->state * is about runnability, while task->exit_state are * about the task exiting. Confusing, but this way * modifying one set can't modify the other one by * mistake. */ /* Used in tsk->state: */ #define TASK_RUNNING 0x0000 #define TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE 0x0001 #define TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE 0x0002 #define __TASK_STOPPED 0x0004 #define __TASK_TRACED 0x0008 /* Used in tsk->exit_state: */ #define EXIT_DEAD 0x0010 #define EXIT_ZOMBIE 0x0020 #define EXIT_TRACE (EXIT_ZOMBIE | EXIT_DEAD) /* Used in tsk->state again: */ #define TASK_PARKED 0x0040 #define TASK_DEAD 0x0080 #define TASK_WAKEKILL 0x0100 #define TASK_WAKING 0x0200 #define TASK_NOLOAD 0x0400 #define TASK_NEW 0x0800 #define TASK_STATE_MAX 0x1000 /* Convenience macros for the sake of set_current_state: */ #define TASK_KILLABLE (TASK_WAKEKILL | TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) #define TASK_STOPPED (TASK_WAKEKILL | __TASK_STOPPED) #define TASK_TRACED (TASK_WAKEKILL | __TASK_TRACED) #define TASK_IDLE (TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE | TASK_NOLOAD) /* Convenience macros for the sake of wake_up(): */ #define TASK_NORMAL (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE | TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) /* get_task_state(): */ #define TASK_REPORT (TASK_RUNNING | TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE | \ TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE | __TASK_STOPPED | \ __TASK_TRACED | EXIT_DEAD | EXIT_ZOMBIE | \ TASK_PARKED) #define task_is_traced(task) ((task->state & __TASK_TRACED) != 0) #define task_is_stopped(task) ((task->state & __TASK_STOPPED) != 0) #define task_is_stopped_or_traced(task) ((task->state & (__TASK_STOPPED | __TASK_TRACED)) != 0) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP /* * Special states are those that do not use the normal wait-loop pattern. See * the comment with set_special_state(). */ #define is_special_task_state(state) \ ((state) & (__TASK_STOPPED | __TASK_TRACED | TASK_PARKED | TASK_DEAD)) #define __set_current_state(state_value) \ do { \ WARN_ON_ONCE(is_special_task_state(state_value));\ current->task_state_change = _THIS_IP_; \ current->state = (state_value); \ } while (0) #define set_current_state(state_value) \ do { \ WARN_ON_ONCE(is_special_task_state(state_value));\ current->task_state_change = _THIS_IP_; \ smp_store_mb(current->state, (state_value)); \ } while (0) #define set_special_state(state_value) \ do { \ unsigned long flags; /* may shadow */ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_special_task_state(state_value)); \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ current->task_state_change = _THIS_IP_; \ current->state = (state_value); \ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ } while (0) #else /* * set_current_state() includes a barrier so that the write of current->state * is correctly serialised wrt the caller's subsequent test of whether to * actually sleep: * * for (;;) { * set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); * if (CONDITION) * break; * * schedule(); * } * __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); * * If the caller does not need such serialisation (because, for instance, the * CONDITION test and condition change and wakeup are under the same lock) then * use __set_current_state(). * * The above is typically ordered against the wakeup, which does: * * CONDITION = 1; * wake_up_state(p, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); * * where wake_up_state()/try_to_wake_up() executes a full memory barrier before * accessing p->state. * * Wakeup will do: if (@state & p->state) p->state = TASK_RUNNING, that is, * once it observes the TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE store the waking CPU can issue a * TASK_RUNNING store which can collide with __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING). * * However, with slightly different timing the wakeup TASK_RUNNING store can * also collide with the TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE store. Losing that store is not * a problem either because that will result in one extra go around the loop * and our @cond test will save the day. * * Also see the comments of try_to_wake_up(). */ #define __set_current_state(state_value) \ current->state = (state_value) #define set_current_state(state_value) \ smp_store_mb(current->state, (state_value)) /* * set_special_state() should be used for those states when the blocking task * can not use the regular condition based wait-loop. In that case we must * serialize against wakeups such that any possible in-flight TASK_RUNNING stores * will not collide with our state change. */ #define set_special_state(state_value) \ do { \ unsigned long flags; /* may shadow */ \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ current->state = (state_value); \ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ } while (0) #endif /* Task command name length: */ #define TASK_COMM_LEN 16 extern void scheduler_tick(void); #define MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT LONG_MAX extern long schedule_timeout(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_interruptible(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_killable(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_idle(long timeout); asmlinkage void schedule(void); extern void schedule_preempt_disabled(void); asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_irq(void); extern int __must_check io_schedule_prepare(void); extern void io_schedule_finish(int token); extern long io_schedule_timeout(long timeout); extern void io_schedule(void); /** * struct prev_cputime - snapshot of system and user cputime * @utime: time spent in user mode * @stime: time spent in system mode * @lock: protects the above two fields * * Stores previous user/system time values such that we can guarantee * monotonicity. */ struct prev_cputime { #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE u64 utime; u64 stime; raw_spinlock_t lock; #endif }; enum vtime_state { /* Task is sleeping or running in a CPU with VTIME inactive: */ VTIME_INACTIVE = 0, /* Task is idle */ VTIME_IDLE, /* Task runs in kernelspace in a CPU with VTIME active: */ VTIME_SYS, /* Task runs in userspace in a CPU with VTIME active: */ VTIME_USER, /* Task runs as guests in a CPU with VTIME active: */ VTIME_GUEST, }; struct vtime { seqcount_t seqcount; unsigned long long starttime; enum vtime_state state; unsigned int cpu; u64 utime; u64 stime; u64 gtime; }; /* * Utilization clamp constraints. * @UCLAMP_MIN: Minimum utilization * @UCLAMP_MAX: Maximum utilization * @UCLAMP_CNT: Utilization clamp constraints count */ enum uclamp_id { UCLAMP_MIN = 0, UCLAMP_MAX, UCLAMP_CNT }; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern struct root_domain def_root_domain; extern struct mutex sched_domains_mutex; #endif struct sched_info { #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_INFO /* Cumulative counters: */ /* # of times we have run on this CPU: */ unsigned long pcount; /* Time spent waiting on a runqueue: */ unsigned long long run_delay; /* Timestamps: */ /* When did we last run on a CPU? */ unsigned long long last_arrival; /* When were we last queued to run? */ unsigned long long last_queued; #endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_INFO */ }; /* * Integer metrics need fixed point arithmetic, e.g., sched/fair * has a few: load, load_avg, util_avg, freq, and capacity. * * We define a basic fixed point arithmetic range, and then formalize * all these metrics based on that basic range. */ # define SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT 10 # define SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SCALE (1L << SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT) /* Increase resolution of cpu_capacity calculations */ # define SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT # define SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE (1L << SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT) struct load_weight { unsigned long weight; u32 inv_weight; }; /** * struct util_est - Estimation utilization of FAIR tasks * @enqueued: instantaneous estimated utilization of a task/cpu * @ewma: the Exponential Weighted Moving Average (EWMA) * utilization of a task * * Support data structure to track an Exponential Weighted Moving Average * (EWMA) of a FAIR task's utilization. New samples are added to the moving * average each time a task completes an activation. Sample's weight is chosen * so that the EWMA will be relatively insensitive to transient changes to the * task's workload. * * The enqueued attribute has a slightly different meaning for tasks and cpus: * - task: the task's util_avg at last task dequeue time * - cfs_rq: the sum of util_est.enqueued for each RUNNABLE task on that CPU * Thus, the util_est.enqueued of a task represents the contribution on the * estimated utilization of the CPU where that task is currently enqueued. * * Only for tasks we track a moving average of the past instantaneous * estimated utilization. This allows to absorb sporadic drops in utilization * of an otherwise almost periodic task. * * The UTIL_AVG_UNCHANGED flag is used to synchronize util_est with util_avg * updates. When a task is dequeued, its util_est should not be updated if its * util_avg has not been updated in the meantime. * This information is mapped into the MSB bit of util_est.enqueued at dequeue * time. Since max value of util_est.enqueued for a task is 1024 (PELT util_avg * for a task) it is safe to use MSB. */ struct util_est { unsigned int enqueued; unsigned int ewma; #define UTIL_EST_WEIGHT_SHIFT 2 #define UTIL_AVG_UNCHANGED 0x80000000 } __attribute__((__aligned__(sizeof(u64)))); /* * The load/runnable/util_avg accumulates an infinite geometric series * (see __update_load_avg_cfs_rq() in kernel/sched/pelt.c). * * [load_avg definition] * * load_avg = runnable% * scale_load_down(load) * * [runnable_avg definition] * * runnable_avg = runnable% * SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE * * [util_avg definition] * * util_avg = running% * SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE * * where runnable% is the time ratio that a sched_entity is runnable and * running% the time ratio that a sched_entity is running. * * For cfs_rq, they are the aggregated values of all runnable and blocked * sched_entities. * * The load/runnable/util_avg doesn't directly factor frequency scaling and CPU * capacity scaling. The scaling is done through the rq_clock_pelt that is used * for computing those signals (see update_rq_clock_pelt()) * * N.B., the above ratios (runnable% and running%) themselves are in the * range of [0, 1]. To do fixed point arithmetics, we therefore scale them * to as large a range as necessary. This is for example reflected by * util_avg's SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE. * * [Overflow issue] * * The 64-bit load_sum can have 4353082796 (=2^64/47742/88761) entities * with the highest load (=88761), always runnable on a single cfs_rq, * and should not overflow as the number already hits PID_MAX_LIMIT. * * For all other cases (including 32-bit kernels), struct load_weight's * weight will overflow first before we do, because: * * Max(load_avg) <= Max(load.weight) * * Then it is the load_weight's responsibility to consider overflow * issues. */ struct sched_avg { u64 last_update_time; u64 load_sum; u64 runnable_sum; u32 util_sum; u32 period_contrib; unsigned long load_avg; unsigned long runnable_avg; unsigned long util_avg; struct util_est util_est; } ____cacheline_aligned; struct sched_statistics { #ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS u64 wait_start; u64 wait_max; u64 wait_count; u64 wait_sum; u64 iowait_count; u64 iowait_sum; u64 sleep_start; u64 sleep_max; s64 sum_sleep_runtime; u64 block_start; u64 block_max; u64 exec_max; u64 slice_max; u64 nr_migrations_cold; u64 nr_failed_migrations_affine; u64 nr_failed_migrations_running; u64 nr_failed_migrations_hot; u64 nr_forced_migrations; u64 nr_wakeups; u64 nr_wakeups_sync; u64 nr_wakeups_migrate; u64 nr_wakeups_local; u64 nr_wakeups_remote; u64 nr_wakeups_affine; u64 nr_wakeups_affine_attempts; u64 nr_wakeups_passive; u64 nr_wakeups_idle; #endif }; struct sched_entity { /* For load-balancing: */ struct load_weight load; struct rb_node run_node; struct list_head group_node; unsigned int on_rq; u64 exec_start; u64 sum_exec_runtime; u64 vruntime; u64 prev_sum_exec_runtime; u64 nr_migrations; struct sched_statistics statistics; #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED int depth; struct sched_entity *parent; /* rq on which this entity is (to be) queued: */ struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq; /* rq "owned" by this entity/group: */ struct cfs_rq *my_q; /* cached value of my_q->h_nr_running */ unsigned long runnable_weight; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* * Per entity load average tracking. * * Put into separate cache line so it does not * collide with read-mostly values above. */ struct sched_avg avg; #endif }; struct sched_rt_entity { struct list_head run_list; unsigned long timeout; unsigned long watchdog_stamp; unsigned int time_slice; unsigned short on_rq; unsigned short on_list; struct sched_rt_entity *back; #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED struct sched_rt_entity *parent; /* rq on which this entity is (to be) queued: */ struct rt_rq *rt_rq; /* rq "owned" by this entity/group: */ struct rt_rq *my_q; #endif } __randomize_layout; struct sched_dl_entity { struct rb_node rb_node; /* * Original scheduling parameters. Copied here from sched_attr * during sched_setattr(), they will remain the same until * the next sched_setattr(). */ u64 dl_runtime; /* Maximum runtime for each instance */ u64 dl_deadline; /* Relative deadline of each instance */ u64 dl_period; /* Separation of two instances (period) */ u64 dl_bw; /* dl_runtime / dl_period */ u64 dl_density; /* dl_runtime / dl_deadline */ /* * Actual scheduling parameters. Initialized with the values above, * they are continuously updated during task execution. Note that * the remaining runtime could be < 0 in case we are in overrun. */ s64 runtime; /* Remaining runtime for this instance */ u64 deadline; /* Absolute deadline for this instance */ unsigned int flags; /* Specifying the scheduler behaviour */ /* * Some bool flags: * * @dl_throttled tells if we exhausted the runtime. If so, the * task has to wait for a replenishment to be performed at the * next firing of dl_timer. * * @dl_boosted tells if we are boosted due to DI. If so we are * outside bandwidth enforcement mechanism (but only until we * exit the critical section); * * @dl_yielded tells if task gave up the CPU before consuming * all its available runtime during the last job. * * @dl_non_contending tells if the task is inactive while still * contributing to the active utilization. In other words, it * indicates if the inactive timer has been armed and its handler * has not been executed yet. This flag is useful to avoid race * conditions between the inactive timer handler and the wakeup * code. * * @dl_overrun tells if the task asked to be informed about runtime * overruns. */ unsigned int dl_throttled : 1; unsigned int dl_yielded : 1; unsigned int dl_non_contending : 1; unsigned int dl_overrun : 1; /* * Bandwidth enforcement timer. Each -deadline task has its * own bandwidth to be enforced, thus we need one timer per task. */ struct hrtimer dl_timer; /* * Inactive timer, responsible for decreasing the active utilization * at the "0-lag time". When a -deadline task blocks, it contributes * to GRUB's active utilization until the "0-lag time", hence a * timer is needed to decrease the active utilization at the correct * time. */ struct hrtimer inactive_timer; #ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES /* * Priority Inheritance. When a DEADLINE scheduling entity is boosted * pi_se points to the donor, otherwise points to the dl_se it belongs * to (the original one/itself). */ struct sched_dl_entity *pi_se; #endif }; #ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK /* Number of utilization clamp buckets (shorter alias) */ #define UCLAMP_BUCKETS CONFIG_UCLAMP_BUCKETS_COUNT /* * Utilization clamp for a scheduling entity * @value: clamp value "assigned" to a se * @bucket_id: bucket index corresponding to the "assigned" value * @active: the se is currently refcounted in a rq's bucket * @user_defined: the requested clamp value comes from user-space * * The bucket_id is the index of the clamp bucket matching the clamp value * which is pre-computed and stored to avoid expensive integer divisions from * the fast path. * * The active bit is set whenever a task has got an "effective" value assigned, * which can be different from the clamp value "requested" from user-space. * This allows to know a task is refcounted in the rq's bucket corresponding * to the "effective" bucket_id. * * The user_defined bit is set whenever a task has got a task-specific clamp * value requested from userspace, i.e. the system defaults apply to this task * just as a restriction. This allows to relax default clamps when a less * restrictive task-specific value has been requested, thus allowing to * implement a "nice" semantic. For example, a task running with a 20% * default boost can still drop its own boosting to 0%. */ struct uclamp_se { unsigned int value : bits_per(SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE); unsigned int bucket_id : bits_per(UCLAMP_BUCKETS); unsigned int active : 1; unsigned int user_defined : 1; }; #endif /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK */ union rcu_special { struct { u8 blocked; u8 need_qs; u8 exp_hint; /* Hint for performance. */ u8 need_mb; /* Readers need smp_mb(). */ } b; /* Bits. */ u32 s; /* Set of bits. */ }; enum perf_event_task_context { perf_invalid_context = -1, perf_hw_context = 0, perf_sw_context, perf_nr_task_contexts, }; struct wake_q_node { struct wake_q_node *next; }; struct task_struct { #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* * For reasons of header soup (see current_thread_info()), this * must be the first element of task_struct. */ struct thread_info thread_info; #endif /* -1 unrunnable, 0 runnable, >0 stopped: */ volatile long state; /* * This begins the randomizable portion of task_struct. Only * scheduling-critical items should be added above here. */ randomized_struct_fields_start void *stack; refcount_t usage; /* Per task flags (PF_*), defined further below: */ unsigned int flags; unsigned int ptrace; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int on_cpu; struct __call_single_node wake_entry; #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* Current CPU: */ unsigned int cpu; #endif unsigned int wakee_flips; unsigned long wakee_flip_decay_ts; struct task_struct *last_wakee; /* * recent_used_cpu is initially set as the last CPU used by a task * that wakes affine another task. Waker/wakee relationships can * push tasks around a CPU where each wakeup moves to the next one. * Tracking a recently used CPU allows a quick search for a recently * used CPU that may be idle. */ int recent_used_cpu; int wake_cpu; #endif int on_rq; int prio; int static_prio; int normal_prio; unsigned int rt_priority; const struct sched_class *sched_class; struct sched_entity se; struct sched_rt_entity rt; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED struct task_group *sched_task_group; #endif struct sched_dl_entity dl; #ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK /* * Clamp values requested for a scheduling entity. * Must be updated with task_rq_lock() held. */ struct uclamp_se uclamp_req[UCLAMP_CNT]; /* * Effective clamp values used for a scheduling entity. * Must be updated with task_rq_lock() held. */ struct uclamp_se uclamp[UCLAMP_CNT]; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS /* List of struct preempt_notifier: */ struct hlist_head preempt_notifiers; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE unsigned int btrace_seq; #endif unsigned int policy; int nr_cpus_allowed; const cpumask_t *cpus_ptr; cpumask_t cpus_mask; #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU int rcu_read_lock_nesting; union rcu_special rcu_read_unlock_special; struct list_head rcu_node_entry; struct rcu_node *rcu_blocked_node; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU unsigned long rcu_tasks_nvcsw; u8 rcu_tasks_holdout; u8 rcu_tasks_idx; int rcu_tasks_idle_cpu; struct list_head rcu_tasks_holdout_list; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU int trc_reader_nesting; int trc_ipi_to_cpu; union rcu_special trc_reader_special; bool trc_reader_checked; struct list_head trc_holdout_list; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU */ struct sched_info sched_info; struct list_head tasks; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP struct plist_node pushable_tasks; struct rb_node pushable_dl_tasks; #endif struct mm_struct *mm; struct mm_struct *active_mm; /* Per-thread vma caching: */ struct vmacache vmacache; #ifdef SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING struct task_rss_stat rss_stat; #endif int exit_state; int exit_code; int exit_signal; /* The signal sent when the parent dies: */ int pdeath_signal; /* JOBCTL_*, siglock protected: */ unsigned long jobctl; /* Used for emulating ABI behavior of previous Linux versions: */ unsigned int personality; /* Scheduler bits, serialized by scheduler locks: */ unsigned sched_reset_on_fork:1; unsigned sched_contributes_to_load:1; unsigned sched_migrated:1; #ifdef CONFIG_PSI unsigned sched_psi_wake_requeue:1; #endif /* Force alignment to the next boundary: */ unsigned :0; /* Unserialized, strictly 'current' */ /* * This field must not be in the scheduler word above due to wakelist * queueing no longer being serialized by p->on_cpu. However: * * p->XXX = X; ttwu() * schedule() if (p->on_rq && ..) // false * smp_mb__after_spinlock(); if (smp_load_acquire(&p->on_cpu) && //true * deactivate_task() ttwu_queue_wakelist()) * p->on_rq = 0; p->sched_remote_wakeup = Y; * * guarantees all stores of 'current' are visible before * ->sched_remote_wakeup gets used, so it can be in this word. */ unsigned sched_remote_wakeup:1; /* Bit to tell LSMs we're in execve(): */ unsigned in_execve:1; unsigned in_iowait:1; #ifndef TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK unsigned restore_sigmask:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG unsigned in_user_fault:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK unsigned brk_randomized:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS /* disallow userland-initiated cgroup migration */ unsigned no_cgroup_migration:1; /* task is frozen/stopped (used by the cgroup freezer) */ unsigned frozen:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP unsigned use_memdelay:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PSI /* Stalled due to lack of memory */ unsigned in_memstall:1; #endif unsigned long atomic_flags; /* Flags requiring atomic access. */ struct restart_block restart_block; pid_t pid; pid_t tgid; #ifdef CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR /* Canary value for the -fstack-protector GCC feature: */ unsigned long stack_canary; #endif /* * Pointers to the (original) parent process, youngest child, younger sibling, * older sibling, respectively. (p->father can be replaced with * p->real_parent->pid) */ /* Real parent process: */ struct task_struct __rcu *real_parent; /* Recipient of SIGCHLD, wait4() reports: */ struct task_struct __rcu *parent; /* * Children/sibling form the list of natural children: */ struct list_head children; struct list_head sibling; struct task_struct *group_leader; /* * 'ptraced' is the list of tasks this task is using ptrace() on. * * This includes both natural children and PTRACE_ATTACH targets. * 'ptrace_entry' is this task's link on the p->parent->ptraced list. */ struct list_head ptraced; struct list_head ptrace_entry; /* PID/PID hash table linkage. */ struct pid *thread_pid; struct hlist_node pid_links[PIDTYPE_MAX]; struct list_head thread_group; struct list_head thread_node; struct completion *vfork_done; /* CLONE_CHILD_SETTID: */ int __user *set_child_tid; /* CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID: */ int __user *clear_child_tid; u64 utime; u64 stime; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME u64 utimescaled; u64 stimescaled; #endif u64 gtime; struct prev_cputime prev_cputime; #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN struct vtime vtime; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL atomic_t tick_dep_mask; #endif /* Context switch counts: */ unsigned long nvcsw; unsigned long nivcsw; /* Monotonic time in nsecs: */ u64 start_time; /* Boot based time in nsecs: */ u64 start_boottime; /* MM fault and swap info: this can arguably be seen as either mm-specific or thread-specific: */ unsigned long min_flt; unsigned long maj_flt; /* Empty if CONFIG_POSIX_CPUTIMERS=n */ struct posix_cputimers posix_cputimers; #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_CPU_TIMERS_TASK_WORK struct posix_cputimers_work posix_cputimers_work; #endif /* Process credentials: */ /* Tracer's credentials at attach: */ const struct cred __rcu *ptracer_cred; /* Objective and real subjective task credentials (COW): */ const struct cred __rcu *real_cred; /* Effective (overridable) subjective task credentials (COW): */ const struct cred __rcu *cred; #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS /* Cached requested key. */ struct key *cached_requested_key; #endif /* * executable name, excluding path. * * - normally initialized setup_new_exec() * - access it with [gs]et_task_comm() * - lock it with task_lock() */ char comm[TASK_COMM_LEN]; struct nameidata *nameidata; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC struct sysv_sem sysvsem; struct sysv_shm sysvshm; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK unsigned long last_switch_count; unsigned long last_switch_time; #endif /* Filesystem information: */ struct fs_struct *fs; /* Open file information: */ struct files_struct *files; #ifdef CONFIG_IO_URING struct io_uring_task *io_uring; #endif /* Namespaces: */ struct nsproxy *nsproxy; /* Signal handlers: */ struct signal_struct *signal; struct sighand_struct __rcu *sighand; sigset_t blocked; sigset_t real_blocked; /* Restored if set_restore_sigmask() was used: */ sigset_t saved_sigmask; struct sigpending pending; unsigned long sas_ss_sp; size_t sas_ss_size; unsigned int sas_ss_flags; struct callback_head *task_works; #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT #ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL struct audit_context *audit_context; #endif kuid_t loginuid; unsigned int sessionid; #endif struct seccomp seccomp; /* Thread group tracking: */ u64 parent_exec_id; u64 self_exec_id; /* Protection against (de-)allocation: mm, files, fs, tty, keyrings, mems_allowed, mempolicy: */ spinlock_t alloc_lock; /* Protection of the PI data structures: */ raw_spinlock_t pi_lock; struct wake_q_node wake_q; #ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES /* PI waiters blocked on a rt_mutex held by this task: */ struct rb_root_cached pi_waiters; /* Updated under owner's pi_lock and rq lock */ struct task_struct *pi_top_task; /* Deadlock detection and priority inheritance handling: */ struct rt_mutex_waiter *pi_blocked_on; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES /* Mutex deadlock detection: */ struct mutex_waiter *blocked_on; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP int non_block_count; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS struct irqtrace_events irqtrace; unsigned int hardirq_threaded; u64 hardirq_chain_key; int softirqs_enabled; int softirq_context; int irq_config; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP # define MAX_LOCK_DEPTH 48UL u64 curr_chain_key; int lockdep_depth; unsigned int lockdep_recursion; struct held_lock held_locks[MAX_LOCK_DEPTH]; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_UBSAN) && !defined(CONFIG_UBSAN_TRAP) unsigned int in_ubsan; #endif /* Journalling filesystem info: */ void *journal_info; /* Stacked block device info: */ struct bio_list *bio_list; #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK /* Stack plugging: */ struct blk_plug *plug; #endif /* VM state: */ struct reclaim_state *reclaim_state; struct backing_dev_info *backing_dev_info; struct io_context *io_context; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION struct capture_control *capture_control; #endif /* Ptrace state: */ unsigned long ptrace_message; kernel_siginfo_t *last_siginfo; struct task_io_accounting ioac; #ifdef CONFIG_PSI /* Pressure stall state */ unsigned int psi_flags; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_XACCT /* Accumulated RSS usage: */ u64 acct_rss_mem1; /* Accumulated virtual memory usage: */ u64 acct_vm_mem1; /* stime + utime since last update: */ u64 acct_timexpd; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS /* Protected by ->alloc_lock: */ nodemask_t mems_allowed; /* Seqence number to catch updates: */ seqcount_spinlock_t mems_allowed_seq; int cpuset_mem_spread_rotor; int cpuset_slab_spread_rotor; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS /* Control Group info protected by css_set_lock: */ struct css_set __rcu *cgroups; /* cg_list protected by css_set_lock and tsk->alloc_lock: */ struct list_head cg_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_CPU_RESCTRL u32 closid; u32 rmid; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX struct robust_list_head __user *robust_list; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT struct compat_robust_list_head __user *compat_robust_list; #endif struct list_head pi_state_list; struct futex_pi_state *pi_state_cache; struct mutex futex_exit_mutex; unsigned int futex_state; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS struct perf_event_context *perf_event_ctxp[perf_nr_task_contexts]; struct mutex perf_event_mutex; struct list_head perf_event_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT unsigned long preempt_disable_ip; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* Protected by alloc_lock: */ struct mempolicy *mempolicy; short il_prev; short pref_node_fork; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING int numa_scan_seq; unsigned int numa_scan_period; unsigned int numa_scan_period_max; int numa_preferred_nid; unsigned long numa_migrate_retry; /* Migration stamp: */ u64 node_stamp; u64 last_task_numa_placement; u64 last_sum_exec_runtime; struct callback_head numa_work; /* * This pointer is only modified for current in syscall and * pagefault context (and for tasks being destroyed), so it can be read * from any of the following contexts: * - RCU read-side critical section * - current->numa_group from everywhere * - task's runqueue locked, task not running */ struct numa_group __rcu *numa_group; /* * numa_faults is an array split into four regions: * faults_memory, faults_cpu, faults_memory_buffer, faults_cpu_buffer * in this precise order. * * faults_memory: Exponential decaying average of faults on a per-node * basis. Scheduling placement decisions are made based on these * counts. The values remain static for the duration of a PTE scan. * faults_cpu: Track the nodes the process was running on when a NUMA * hinting fault was incurred. * faults_memory_buffer and faults_cpu_buffer: Record faults per node * during the current scan window. When the scan completes, the counts * in faults_memory and faults_cpu decay and these values are copied. */ unsigned long *numa_faults; unsigned long total_numa_faults; /* * numa_faults_locality tracks if faults recorded during the last * scan window were remote/local or failed to migrate. The task scan * period is adapted based on the locality of the faults with different * weights depending on whether they were shared or private faults */ unsigned long numa_faults_locality[3]; unsigned long numa_pages_migrated; #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_RSEQ struct rseq __user *rseq; u32 rseq_sig; /* * RmW on rseq_event_mask must be performed atomically * with respect to preemption. */ unsigned long rseq_event_mask; #endif struct tlbflush_unmap_batch tlb_ubc; union { refcount_t rcu_users; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* Cache last used pipe for splice(): */ struct pipe_inode_info *splice_pipe; struct page_frag task_frag; #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT struct task_delay_info *delays; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION int make_it_fail; unsigned int fail_nth; #endif /* * When (nr_dirtied >= nr_dirtied_pause), it's time to call * balance_dirty_pages() for a dirty throttling pause: */ int nr_dirtied; int nr_dirtied_pause; /* Start of a write-and-pause period: */ unsigned long dirty_paused_when; #ifdef CONFIG_LATENCYTOP int latency_record_count; struct latency_record latency_record[LT_SAVECOUNT]; #endif /* * Time slack values; these are used to round up poll() and * select() etc timeout values. These are in nanoseconds. */ u64 timer_slack_ns; u64 default_timer_slack_ns; #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN unsigned int kasan_depth; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KCSAN struct kcsan_ctx kcsan_ctx; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS struct irqtrace_events kcsan_save_irqtrace; #endif #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KUNIT) struct kunit *kunit_test; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER /* Index of current stored address in ret_stack: */ int curr_ret_stack; int curr_ret_depth; /* Stack of return addresses for return function tracing: */ struct ftrace_ret_stack *ret_stack; /* Timestamp for last schedule: */ unsigned long long ftrace_timestamp; /* * Number of functions that haven't been traced * because of depth overrun: */ atomic_t trace_overrun; /* Pause tracing: */ atomic_t tracing_graph_pause; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING /* State flags for use by tracers: */ unsigned long trace; /* Bitmask and counter of trace recursion: */ unsigned long trace_recursion; #endif /* CONFIG_TRACING */ #ifdef CONFIG_KCOV /* See kernel/kcov.c for more details. */ /* Coverage collection mode enabled for this task (0 if disabled): */ unsigned int kcov_mode; /* Size of the kcov_area: */ unsigned int kcov_size; /* Buffer for coverage collection: */ void *kcov_area; /* KCOV descriptor wired with this task or NULL: */ struct kcov *kcov; /* KCOV common handle for remote coverage collection: */ u64 kcov_handle; /* KCOV sequence number: */ int kcov_sequence; /* Collect coverage from softirq context: */ unsigned int kcov_softirq; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG struct mem_cgroup *memcg_in_oom; gfp_t memcg_oom_gfp_mask; int memcg_oom_order; /* Number of pages to reclaim on returning to userland: */ unsigned int memcg_nr_pages_over_high; /* Used by memcontrol for targeted memcg charge: */ struct mem_cgroup *active_memcg; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP struct request_queue *throttle_queue; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UPROBES struct uprobe_task *utask; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_BCACHE) || defined(CONFIG_BCACHE_MODULE) unsigned int sequential_io; unsigned int sequential_io_avg; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP unsigned long task_state_change; #endif int pagefault_disabled; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU struct task_struct *oom_reaper_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK struct vm_struct *stack_vm_area; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* A live task holds one reference: */ refcount_t stack_refcount; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH int patch_state; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY /* Used by LSM modules for access restriction: */ void *security; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK unsigned long lowest_stack; unsigned long prev_lowest_stack; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_MCE void __user *mce_vaddr; __u64 mce_kflags; u64 mce_addr; __u64 mce_ripv : 1, mce_whole_page : 1, __mce_reserved : 62; struct callback_head mce_kill_me; int mce_count; #endif /* * New fields for task_struct should be added above here, so that * they are included in the randomized portion of task_struct. */ randomized_struct_fields_end /* CPU-specific state of this task: */ struct thread_struct thread; /* * WARNING: on x86, 'thread_struct' contains a variable-sized * structure. It *MUST* be at the end of 'task_struct'. * * Do not put anything below here! */ }; static inline struct pid *task_pid(struct task_struct *task) { return task->thread_pid; } /* * the helpers to get the task's different pids as they are seen * from various namespaces * * task_xid_nr() : global id, i.e. the id seen from the init namespace; * task_xid_vnr() : virtual id, i.e. the id seen from the pid namespace of * current. * task_xid_nr_ns() : id seen from the ns specified; * * see also pid_nr() etc in include/linux/pid.h */ pid_t __task_pid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid_namespace *ns); static inline pid_t task_pid_nr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->pid; } static inline pid_t task_pid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_pid_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_tgid_nr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->tgid; } /** * pid_alive - check that a task structure is not stale * @p: Task structure to be checked. * * Test if a process is not yet dead (at most zombie state) * If pid_alive fails, then pointers within the task structure * can be stale and must not be dereferenced. * * Return: 1 if the process is alive. 0 otherwise. */ static inline int pid_alive(const struct task_struct *p) { return p->thread_pid != NULL; } static inline pid_t task_pgrp_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PGID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_pgrp_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PGID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_session_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_SID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_session_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_SID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_tgid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_TGID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_tgid_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_TGID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_ppid_nr_ns(const struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { pid_t pid = 0; rcu_read_lock(); if (pid_alive(tsk)) pid = task_tgid_nr_ns(rcu_dereference(tsk->real_parent), ns); rcu_read_unlock(); return pid; } static inline pid_t task_ppid_nr(const struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_ppid_nr_ns(tsk, &init_pid_ns); } /* Obsolete, do not use: */ static inline pid_t task_pgrp_nr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_pgrp_nr_ns(tsk, &init_pid_ns); } #define TASK_REPORT_IDLE (TASK_REPORT + 1) #define TASK_REPORT_MAX (TASK_REPORT_IDLE << 1) static inline unsigned int task_state_index(struct task_struct *tsk) { unsigned int tsk_state = READ_ONCE(tsk->state); unsigned int state = (tsk_state | tsk->exit_state) & TASK_REPORT; BUILD_BUG_ON_NOT_POWER_OF_2(TASK_REPORT_MAX); if (tsk_state == TASK_IDLE) state = TASK_REPORT_IDLE; return fls(state); } static inline char task_index_to_char(unsigned int state) { static const char state_char[] = "RSDTtXZPI"; BUILD_BUG_ON(1 + ilog2(TASK_REPORT_MAX) != sizeof(state_char) - 1); return state_char[state]; } static inline char task_state_to_char(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_index_to_char(task_state_index(tsk)); } /** * is_global_init - check if a task structure is init. Since init * is free to have sub-threads we need to check tgid. * @tsk: Task structure to be checked. * * Check if a task structure is the first user space task the kernel created. * * Return: 1 if the task structure is init. 0 otherwise. */ static inline int is_global_init(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_tgid_nr(tsk) == 1; } extern struct pid *cad_pid; /* * Per process flags */ #define PF_VCPU 0x00000001 /* I'm a virtual CPU */ #define PF_IDLE 0x00000002 /* I am an IDLE thread */ #define PF_EXITING 0x00000004 /* Getting shut down */ #define PF_IO_WORKER 0x00000010 /* Task is an IO worker */ #define PF_WQ_WORKER 0x00000020 /* I'm a workqueue worker */ #define PF_FORKNOEXEC 0x00000040 /* Forked but didn't exec */ #define PF_MCE_PROCESS 0x00000080 /* Process policy on mce errors */ #define PF_SUPERPRIV 0x00000100 /* Used super-user privileges */ #define PF_DUMPCORE 0x00000200 /* Dumped core */ #define PF_SIGNALED 0x00000400 /* Killed by a signal */ #define PF_MEMALLOC 0x00000800 /* Allocating memory */ #define PF_NPROC_EXCEEDED 0x00001000 /* set_user() noticed that RLIMIT_NPROC was exceeded */ #define PF_USED_MATH 0x00002000 /* If unset the fpu must be initialized before use */ #define PF_USED_ASYNC 0x00004000 /* Used async_schedule*(), used by module init */ #define PF_NOFREEZE 0x00008000 /* This thread should not be frozen */ #define PF_FROZEN 0x00010000 /* Frozen for system suspend */ #define PF_KSWAPD 0x00020000 /* I am kswapd */ #define PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS 0x00040000 /* All allocation requests will inherit GFP_NOFS */ #define PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO 0x00080000 /* All allocation requests will inherit GFP_NOIO */ #define PF_LOCAL_THROTTLE 0x00100000 /* Throttle writes only against the bdi I write to, * I am cleaning dirty pages from some other bdi. */ #define PF_KTHREAD 0x00200000 /* I am a kernel thread */ #define PF_RANDOMIZE 0x00400000 /* Randomize virtual address space */ #define PF_SWAPWRITE 0x00800000 /* Allowed to write to swap */ #define PF_NO_SETAFFINITY 0x04000000 /* Userland is not allowed to meddle with cpus_mask */ #define PF_MCE_EARLY 0x08000000 /* Early kill for mce process policy */ #define PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA 0x10000000 /* All allocation request will have _GFP_MOVABLE cleared */ #define PF_FREEZER_SKIP 0x40000000 /* Freezer should not count it as freezable */ #define PF_SUSPEND_TASK 0x80000000 /* This thread called freeze_processes() and should not be frozen */ /* * Only the _current_ task can read/write to tsk->flags, but other * tasks can access tsk->flags in readonly mode for example * with tsk_used_math (like during threaded core dumping). * There is however an exception to this rule during ptrace * or during fork: the ptracer task is allowed to write to the * child->flags of its traced child (same goes for fork, the parent * can write to the child->flags), because we're guaranteed the * child is not running and in turn not changing child->flags * at the same time the par