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3991 3992 3993 3994 3995 3996 3997 3998 3999 4000 4001 4002 4003 4004 4005 4006 4007 4008 4009 4010 4011 4012 4013 4014 4015 4016 4017 4018 4019 4020 4021 4022 4023 4024 4025 4026 4027 4028 4029 4030 4031 4032 4033 4034 4035 4036 4037 4038 4039 4040 4041 4042 4043 4044 4045 4046 4047 4048 4049 4050 4051 4052 4053 4054 4055 4056 4057 4058 4059 4060 4061 4062 4063 4064 4065 4066 4067 4068 4069 4070 4071 4072 4073 4074 4075 4076 4077 4078 4079 4080 4081 4082 4083 4084 4085 4086 4087 4088 4089 4090 4091 4092 4093 4094 4095 4096 4097 4098 4099 4100 4101 4102 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 4108 4109 4110 4111 4112 4113 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119 4120 4121 4122 4123 4124 4125 4126 4127 4128 4129 4130 4131 4132 4133 4134 4135 4136 4137 4138 4139 4140 4141 4142 4143 4144 4145 4146 4147 4148 4149 4150 4151 4152 4153 4154 4155 4156 4157 4158 4159 4160 4161 4162 4163 4164 4165 4166 4167 4168 4169 4170 4171 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/namei.c * * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) * * from * * linux/fs/minix/namei.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * * Big-endian to little-endian byte-swapping/bitmaps by * David S. Miller (davem@caip.rutgers.edu), 1995 * Directory entry file type support and forward compatibility hooks * for B-tree directories by Theodore Ts'o (tytso@mit.edu), 1998 * Hash Tree Directory indexing (c) * Daniel Phillips, 2001 * Hash Tree Directory indexing porting * Christopher Li, 2002 * Hash Tree Directory indexing cleanup * Theodore Ts'o, 2002 */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/bio.h> #include <linux/iversion.h> #include <linux/unicode.h> #include "ext4.h" #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "xattr.h" #include "acl.h" #include <trace/events/ext4.h> /* * define how far ahead to read directories while searching them. */ #define NAMEI_RA_CHUNKS 2 #define NAMEI_RA_BLOCKS 4 #define NAMEI_RA_SIZE (NAMEI_RA_CHUNKS * NAMEI_RA_BLOCKS) static struct buffer_head *ext4_append(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t *block) { struct buffer_head *bh; int err; if (unlikely(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_max_dir_size_kb && ((inode->i_size >> 10) >= EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_max_dir_size_kb))) return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC); *block = inode->i_size >> inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits; bh = ext4_bread(handle, inode, *block, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return bh; inode->i_size += inode->i_sb->s_blocksize; EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = inode->i_size; BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (err) { brelse(bh); ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, err); return ERR_PTR(err); } return bh; } static int ext4_dx_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent); /* * Hints to ext4_read_dirblock regarding whether we expect a directory * block being read to be an index block, or a block containing * directory entries (and if the latter, whether it was found via a * logical block in an htree index block). This is used to control * what sort of sanity checkinig ext4_read_dirblock() will do on the * directory block read from the storage device. EITHER will means * the caller doesn't know what kind of directory block will be read, * so no specific verification will be done. */ typedef enum { EITHER, INDEX, DIRENT, DIRENT_HTREE } dirblock_type_t; #define ext4_read_dirblock(inode, block, type) \ __ext4_read_dirblock((inode), (block), (type), __func__, __LINE__) static struct buffer_head *__ext4_read_dirblock(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, dirblock_type_t type, const char *func, unsigned int line) { struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent; int is_dx_block = 0; if (ext4_simulate_fail(inode->i_sb, EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_EIO)) bh = ERR_PTR(-EIO); else bh = ext4_bread(NULL, inode, block, 0); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { __ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, func, line, "inode #%lu: lblock %lu: comm %s: " "error %ld reading directory block", inode->i_ino, (unsigned long)block, current->comm, PTR_ERR(bh)); return bh; } if (!bh && (type == INDEX || type == DIRENT_HTREE)) { ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, "Directory hole found for htree %s block", (type == INDEX) ? "index" : "leaf"); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } if (!bh) return NULL; dirent = (struct ext4_dir_entry *) bh->b_data; /* Determine whether or not we have an index block */ if (is_dx(inode)) { if (block == 0) is_dx_block = 1; else if (ext4_rec_len_from_disk(dirent->rec_len, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize) == inode->i_sb->s_blocksize) is_dx_block = 1; } if (!is_dx_block && type == INDEX) { ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, "directory leaf block found instead of index block"); brelse(bh); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb) || buffer_verified(bh)) return bh; /* * An empty leaf block can get mistaken for a index block; for * this reason, we can only check the index checksum when the * caller is sure it should be an index block. */ if (is_dx_block && type == INDEX) { if (ext4_dx_csum_verify(inode, dirent) && !ext4_simulate_fail(inode->i_sb, EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_CRC)) set_buffer_verified(bh); else { ext4_error_inode_err(inode, func, line, block, EFSBADCRC, "Directory index failed checksum"); brelse(bh); return ERR_PTR(-EFSBADCRC); } } if (!is_dx_block) { if (ext4_dirblock_csum_verify(inode, bh) && !ext4_simulate_fail(inode->i_sb, EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_CRC)) set_buffer_verified(bh); else { ext4_error_inode_err(inode, func, line, block, EFSBADCRC, "Directory block failed checksum"); brelse(bh); return ERR_PTR(-EFSBADCRC); } } return bh; } #ifndef assert #define assert(test) J_ASSERT(test) #endif #ifdef DX_DEBUG #define dxtrace(command) command #else #define dxtrace(command) #endif struct fake_dirent { __le32 inode; __le16 rec_len; u8 name_len; u8 file_type; }; struct dx_countlimit { __le16 limit; __le16 count; }; struct dx_entry { __le32 hash; __le32 block; }; /* * dx_root_info is laid out so that if it should somehow get overlaid by a * dirent the two low bits of the hash version will be zero. Therefore, the * hash version mod 4 should never be 0. Sincerely, the paranoia department. */ struct dx_root { struct fake_dirent dot; char dot_name[4]; struct fake_dirent dotdot; char dotdot_name[4]; struct dx_root_info { __le32 reserved_zero; u8 hash_version; u8 info_length; /* 8 */ u8 indirect_levels; u8 unused_flags; } info; struct dx_entry entries[]; }; struct dx_node { struct fake_dirent fake; struct dx_entry entries[]; }; struct dx_frame { struct buffer_head *bh; struct dx_entry *entries; struct dx_entry *at; }; struct dx_map_entry { u32 hash; u16 offs; u16 size; }; /* * This goes at the end of each htree block. */ struct dx_tail { u32 dt_reserved; __le32 dt_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+inum+dirblock) */ }; static inline ext4_lblk_t dx_get_block(struct dx_entry *entry); static void dx_set_block(struct dx_entry *entry, ext4_lblk_t value); static inline unsigned dx_get_hash(struct dx_entry *entry); static void dx_set_hash(struct dx_entry *entry, unsigned value); static unsigned dx_get_count(struct dx_entry *entries); static unsigned dx_get_limit(struct dx_entry *entries); static void dx_set_count(struct dx_entry *entries, unsigned value); static void dx_set_limit(struct dx_entry *entries, unsigned value); static unsigned dx_root_limit(struct inode *dir, unsigned infosize); static unsigned dx_node_limit(struct inode *dir); static struct dx_frame *dx_probe(struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct dx_frame *frame); static void dx_release(struct dx_frame *frames); static int dx_make_map(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, unsigned blocksize, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct dx_map_entry map[]); static void dx_sort_map(struct dx_map_entry *map, unsigned count); static struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *dx_move_dirents(char *from, char *to, struct dx_map_entry *offsets, int count, unsigned blocksize); static struct ext4_dir_entry_2* dx_pack_dirents(char *base, unsigned blocksize); static void dx_insert_block(struct dx_frame *frame, u32 hash, ext4_lblk_t block); static int ext4_htree_next_block(struct inode *dir, __u32 hash, struct dx_frame *frame, struct dx_frame *frames, __u32 *start_hash); static struct buffer_head * ext4_dx_find_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir); static int ext4_dx_add_entry(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); /* checksumming functions */ void ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned int blocksize) { struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *t = EXT4_DIRENT_TAIL(bh->b_data, blocksize); memset(t, 0, sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail)); t->det_rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk( sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail), blocksize); t->det_reserved_ft = EXT4_FT_DIR_CSUM; } /* Walk through a dirent block to find a checksum "dirent" at the tail */ static struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *get_dirent_tail(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *t; #ifdef PARANOID struct ext4_dir_entry *d, *top; d = (struct ext4_dir_entry *)bh->b_data; top = (struct ext4_dir_entry *)(bh->b_data + (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb) - sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail))); while (d < top && d->rec_len) d = (struct ext4_dir_entry *)(((void *)d) + le16_to_cpu(d->rec_len)); if (d != top) return NULL; t = (struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *)d; #else t = EXT4_DIRENT_TAIL(bh->b_data, EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb)); #endif if (t->det_reserved_zero1 || le16_to_cpu(t->det_rec_len) != sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail) || t->det_reserved_zero2 || t->det_reserved_ft != EXT4_FT_DIR_CSUM) return NULL; return t; } static __le32 ext4_dirblock_csum(struct inode *inode, void *dirent, int size) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); __u32 csum; csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, ei->i_csum_seed, (__u8 *)dirent, size); return cpu_to_le32(csum); } #define warn_no_space_for_csum(inode) \ __warn_no_space_for_csum((inode), __func__, __LINE__) static void __warn_no_space_for_csum(struct inode *inode, const char *func, unsigned int line) { __ext4_warning_inode(inode, func, line, "No space for directory leaf checksum. Please run e2fsck -D."); } int ext4_dirblock_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *t; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return 1; t = get_dirent_tail(inode, bh); if (!t) { warn_no_space_for_csum(inode); return 0; } if (t->det_checksum != ext4_dirblock_csum(inode, bh->b_data, (char *)t - bh->b_data)) return 0; return 1; } static void ext4_dirblock_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *t; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return; t = get_dirent_tail(inode, bh); if (!t) { warn_no_space_for_csum(inode); return; } t->det_checksum = ext4_dirblock_csum(inode, bh->b_data, (char *)t - bh->b_data); } int ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { ext4_dirblock_csum_set(inode, bh); return ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); } static struct dx_countlimit *get_dx_countlimit(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent, int *offset) { struct ext4_dir_entry *dp; struct dx_root_info *root; int count_offset; if (le16_to_cpu(dirent->rec_len) == EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb)) count_offset = 8; else if (le16_to_cpu(dirent->rec_len) == 12) { dp = (struct ext4_dir_entry *)(((void *)dirent) + 12); if (le16_to_cpu(dp->rec_len) != EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb) - 12) return NULL; root = (struct dx_root_info *)(((void *)dp + 12)); if (root->reserved_zero || root->info_length != sizeof(struct dx_root_info)) return NULL; count_offset = 32; } else return NULL; if (offset) *offset = count_offset; return (struct dx_countlimit *)(((void *)dirent) + count_offset); } static __le32 ext4_dx_csum(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent, int count_offset, int count, struct dx_tail *t) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); __u32 csum; int size; __u32 dummy_csum = 0; int offset = offsetof(struct dx_tail, dt_checksum); size = count_offset + (count * sizeof(struct dx_entry)); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, ei->i_csum_seed, (__u8 *)dirent, size); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)t, offset); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)&dummy_csum, sizeof(dummy_csum)); return cpu_to_le32(csum); } static int ext4_dx_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent) { struct dx_countlimit *c; struct dx_tail *t; int count_offset, limit, count; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return 1; c = get_dx_countlimit(inode, dirent, &count_offset); if (!c) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "dir seems corrupt? Run e2fsck -D."); return 0; } limit = le16_to_cpu(c->limit); count = le16_to_cpu(c->count); if (count_offset + (limit * sizeof(struct dx_entry)) > EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb) - sizeof(struct dx_tail)) { warn_no_space_for_csum(inode); return 0; } t = (struct dx_tail *)(((struct dx_entry *)c) + limit); if (t->dt_checksum != ext4_dx_csum(inode, dirent, count_offset, count, t)) return 0; return 1; } static void ext4_dx_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent) { struct dx_countlimit *c; struct dx_tail *t; int count_offset, limit, count; if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) return; c = get_dx_countlimit(inode, dirent, &count_offset); if (!c) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "dir seems corrupt? Run e2fsck -D."); return; } limit = le16_to_cpu(c->limit); count = le16_to_cpu(c->count); if (count_offset + (limit * sizeof(struct dx_entry)) > EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb) - sizeof(struct dx_tail)) { warn_no_space_for_csum(inode); return; } t = (struct dx_tail *)(((struct dx_entry *)c) + limit); t->dt_checksum = ext4_dx_csum(inode, dirent, count_offset, count, t); } static inline int ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { ext4_dx_csum_set(inode, (struct ext4_dir_entry *)bh->b_data); return ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); } /* * p is at least 6 bytes before the end of page */ static inline struct ext4_dir_entry_2 * ext4_next_entry(struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *p, unsigned long blocksize) { return (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)((char *)p + ext4_rec_len_from_disk(p->rec_len, blocksize)); } /* * Future: use high four bits of block for coalesce-on-delete flags * Mask them off for now. */ static inline ext4_lblk_t dx_get_block(struct dx_entry *entry) { return le32_to_cpu(entry->block) & 0x0fffffff; } static inline void dx_set_block(struct dx_entry *entry, ext4_lblk_t value) { entry->block = cpu_to_le32(value); } static inline unsigned dx_get_hash(struct dx_entry *entry) { return le32_to_cpu(entry->hash); } static inline void dx_set_hash(struct dx_entry *entry, unsigned value) { entry->hash = cpu_to_le32(value); } static inline unsigned dx_get_count(struct dx_entry *entries) { return le16_to_cpu(((struct dx_countlimit *) entries)->count); } static inline unsigned dx_get_limit(struct dx_entry *entries) { return le16_to_cpu(((struct dx_countlimit *) entries)->limit); } static inline void dx_set_count(struct dx_entry *entries, unsigned value) { ((struct dx_countlimit *) entries)->count = cpu_to_le16(value); } static inline void dx_set_limit(struct dx_entry *entries, unsigned value) { ((struct dx_countlimit *) entries)->limit = cpu_to_le16(value); } static inline unsigned dx_root_limit(struct inode *dir, unsigned infosize) { unsigned entry_space = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize - EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(1) - EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(2) - infosize; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(dir->i_sb)) entry_space -= sizeof(struct dx_tail); return entry_space / sizeof(struct dx_entry); } static inline unsigned dx_node_limit(struct inode *dir) { unsigned entry_space = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize - EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(0); if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(dir->i_sb)) entry_space -= sizeof(struct dx_tail); return entry_space / sizeof(struct dx_entry); } /* * Debug */ #ifdef DX_DEBUG static void dx_show_index(char * label, struct dx_entry *entries) { int i, n = dx_get_count (entries); printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s index", label); for (i = 0; i < n; i++) { printk(KERN_CONT " %x->%lu", i ? dx_get_hash(entries + i) : 0, (unsigned long)dx_get_block(entries + i)); } printk(KERN_CONT "\n"); } struct stats { unsigned names; unsigned space; unsigned bcount; }; static struct stats dx_show_leaf(struct inode *dir, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int size, int show_names) { unsigned names = 0, space = 0; char *base = (char *) de; struct dx_hash_info h = *hinfo; printk("names: "); while ((char *) de < base + size) { if (de->inode) { if (show_names) { #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION int len; char *name; struct fscrypt_str fname_crypto_str = FSTR_INIT(NULL, 0); int res = 0; name = de->name; len = de->name_len; if (IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) res = fscrypt_get_encryption_info(dir); if (res) { printk(KERN_WARNING "Error setting up" " fname crypto: %d\n", res); } if (!fscrypt_has_encryption_key(dir)) { /* Directory is not encrypted */ ext4fs_dirhash(dir, de->name, de->name_len, &h); printk("%*.s:(U)%x.%u ", len, name, h.hash, (unsigned) ((char *) de - base)); } else { struct fscrypt_str de_name = FSTR_INIT(name, len); /* Directory is encrypted */ res = fscrypt_fname_alloc_buffer( len, &fname_crypto_str); if (res) printk(KERN_WARNING "Error " "allocating crypto " "buffer--skipping " "crypto\n"); res = fscrypt_fname_disk_to_usr(dir, 0, 0, &de_name, &fname_crypto_str); if (res) { printk(KERN_WARNING "Error " "converting filename " "from disk to usr" "\n"); name = "??"; len = 2; } else { name = fname_crypto_str.name; len = fname_crypto_str.len; } ext4fs_dirhash(dir, de->name, de->name_len, &h); printk("%*.s:(E)%x.%u ", len, name, h.hash, (unsigned) ((char *) de - base)); fscrypt_fname_free_buffer( &fname_crypto_str); } #else int len = de->name_len; char *name = de->name; ext4fs_dirhash(dir, de->name, de->name_len, &h); printk("%*.s:%x.%u ", len, name, h.hash, (unsigned) ((char *) de - base)); #endif } space += EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len); names++; } de = ext4_next_entry(de, size); } printk(KERN_CONT "(%i)\n", names); return (struct stats) { names, space, 1 }; } struct stats dx_show_entries(struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct inode *dir, struct dx_entry *entries, int levels) { unsigned blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; unsigned count = dx_get_count(entries), names = 0, space = 0, i; unsigned bcount = 0; struct buffer_head *bh; printk("%i indexed blocks...\n", count); for (i = 0; i < count; i++, entries++) { ext4_lblk_t block = dx_get_block(entries); ext4_lblk_t hash = i ? dx_get_hash(entries): 0; u32 range = i < count - 1? (dx_get_hash(entries + 1) - hash): ~hash; struct stats stats; printk("%s%3u:%03u hash %8x/%8x ",levels?"":" ", i, block, hash, range); bh = ext4_bread(NULL,dir, block, 0); if (!bh || IS_ERR(bh)) continue; stats = levels? dx_show_entries(hinfo, dir, ((struct dx_node *) bh->b_data)->entries, levels - 1): dx_show_leaf(dir, hinfo, (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) bh->b_data, blocksize, 0); names += stats.names; space += stats.space; bcount += stats.bcount; brelse(bh); } if (bcount) printk(KERN_DEBUG "%snames %u, fullness %u (%u%%)\n", levels ? "" : " ", names, space/bcount, (space/bcount)*100/blocksize); return (struct stats) { names, space, bcount}; } #endif /* DX_DEBUG */ /* * Probe for a directory leaf block to search. * * dx_probe can return ERR_BAD_DX_DIR, which means there was a format * error in the directory index, and the caller should fall back to * searching the directory normally. The callers of dx_probe **MUST** * check for this error code, and make sure it never gets reflected * back to userspace. */ static struct dx_frame * dx_probe(struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct dx_frame *frame_in) { unsigned count, indirect; struct dx_entry *at, *entries, *p, *q, *m; struct dx_root *root; struct dx_frame *frame = frame_in; struct dx_frame *ret_err = ERR_PTR(ERR_BAD_DX_DIR); u32 hash; memset(frame_in, 0, EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL * sizeof(frame_in[0])); frame->bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, 0, INDEX); if (IS_ERR(frame->bh)) return (struct dx_frame *) frame->bh; root = (struct dx_root *) frame->bh->b_data; if (root->info.hash_version != DX_HASH_TEA && root->info.hash_version != DX_HASH_HALF_MD4 && root->info.hash_version != DX_HASH_LEGACY) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "Unrecognised inode hash code %u", root->info.hash_version); goto fail; } if (fname) hinfo = &fname->hinfo; hinfo->hash_version = root->info.hash_version; if (hinfo->hash_version <= DX_HASH_TEA) hinfo->hash_version += EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_unsigned; hinfo->seed = EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_seed; if (fname && fname_name(fname)) ext4fs_dirhash(dir, fname_name(fname), fname_len(fname), hinfo); hash = hinfo->hash; if (root->info.unused_flags & 1) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "Unimplemented hash flags: %#06x", root->info.unused_flags); goto fail; } indirect = root->info.indirect_levels; if (indirect >= ext4_dir_htree_level(dir->i_sb)) { ext4_warning(dir->i_sb, "Directory (ino: %lu) htree depth %#06x exceed" "supported value", dir->i_ino, ext4_dir_htree_level(dir->i_sb)); if (ext4_dir_htree_level(dir->i_sb) < EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL) { ext4_warning(dir->i_sb, "Enable large directory " "feature to access it"); } goto fail; } entries = (struct dx_entry *)(((char *)&root->info) + root->info.info_length); if (dx_get_limit(entries) != dx_root_limit(dir, root->info.info_length)) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "dx entry: limit %u != root limit %u", dx_get_limit(entries), dx_root_limit(dir, root->info.info_length)); goto fail; } dxtrace(printk("Look up %x", hash)); while (1) { count = dx_get_count(entries); if (!count || count > dx_get_limit(entries)) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "dx entry: count %u beyond limit %u", count, dx_get_limit(entries)); goto fail; } p = entries + 1; q = entries + count - 1; while (p <= q) { m = p + (q - p) / 2; dxtrace(printk(KERN_CONT ".")); if (dx_get_hash(m) > hash) q = m - 1; else p = m + 1; } if (0) { // linear search cross check unsigned n = count - 1; at = entries; while (n--) { dxtrace(printk(KERN_CONT ",")); if (dx_get_hash(++at) > hash) { at--; break; } } assert (at == p - 1); } at = p - 1; dxtrace(printk(KERN_CONT " %x->%u\n", at == entries ? 0 : dx_get_hash(at), dx_get_block(at))); frame->entries = entries; frame->at = at; if (!indirect--) return frame; frame++; frame->bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, dx_get_block(at), INDEX); if (IS_ERR(frame->bh)) { ret_err = (struct dx_frame *) frame->bh; frame->bh = NULL; goto fail; } entries = ((struct dx_node *) frame->bh->b_data)->entries; if (dx_get_limit(entries) != dx_node_limit(dir)) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "dx entry: limit %u != node limit %u", dx_get_limit(entries), dx_node_limit(dir)); goto fail; } } fail: while (frame >= frame_in) { brelse(frame->bh); frame--; } if (ret_err == ERR_PTR(ERR_BAD_DX_DIR)) ext4_warning_inode(dir, "Corrupt directory, running e2fsck is recommended"); return ret_err; } static void dx_release(struct dx_frame *frames) { struct dx_root_info *info; int i; unsigned int indirect_levels; if (frames[0].bh == NULL) return; info = &((struct dx_root *)frames[0].bh->b_data)->info; /* save local copy, "info" may be freed after brelse() */ indirect_levels = info->indirect_levels; for (i = 0; i <= indirect_levels; i++) { if (frames[i].bh == NULL) break; brelse(frames[i].bh); frames[i].bh = NULL; } } /* * This function increments the frame pointer to search the next leaf * block, and reads in the necessary intervening nodes if the search * should be necessary. Whether or not the search is necessary is * controlled by the hash parameter. If the hash value is even, then * the search is only continued if the next block starts with that * hash value. This is used if we are searching for a specific file. * * If the hash value is HASH_NB_ALWAYS, then always go to the next block. * * This function returns 1 if the caller should continue to search, * or 0 if it should not. If there is an error reading one of the * index blocks, it will a negative error code. * * If start_hash is non-null, it will be filled in with the starting * hash of the next page. */ static int ext4_htree_next_block(struct inode *dir, __u32 hash, struct dx_frame *frame, struct dx_frame *frames, __u32 *start_hash) { struct dx_frame *p; struct buffer_head *bh; int num_frames = 0; __u32 bhash; p = frame; /* * Find the next leaf page by incrementing the frame pointer. * If we run out of entries in the interior node, loop around and * increment pointer in the parent node. When we break out of * this loop, num_frames indicates the number of interior * nodes need to be read. */ while (1) { if (++(p->at) < p->entries + dx_get_count(p->entries)) break; if (p == frames) return 0; num_frames++; p--; } /* * If the hash is 1, then continue only if the next page has a * continuation hash of any value. This is used for readdir * handling. Otherwise, check to see if the hash matches the * desired contiuation hash. If it doesn't, return since * there's no point to read in the successive index pages. */ bhash = dx_get_hash(p->at); if (start_hash) *start_hash = bhash; if ((hash & 1) == 0) { if ((bhash & ~1) != hash) return 0; } /* * If the hash is HASH_NB_ALWAYS, we always go to the next * block so no check is necessary */ while (num_frames--) { bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, dx_get_block(p->at), INDEX); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); p++; brelse(p->bh); p->bh = bh; p->at = p->entries = ((struct dx_node *) bh->b_data)->entries; } return 1; } /* * This function fills a red-black tree with information from a * directory block. It returns the number directory entries loaded * into the tree. If there is an error it is returned in err. */ static int htree_dirblock_to_tree(struct file *dir_file, struct inode *dir, ext4_lblk_t block, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash) { struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, *top; int err = 0, count = 0; struct fscrypt_str fname_crypto_str = FSTR_INIT(NULL, 0), tmp_str; dxtrace(printk(KERN_INFO "In htree dirblock_to_tree: block %lu\n", (unsigned long)block)); bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, block, DIRENT_HTREE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) bh->b_data; top = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) ((char *) de + dir->i_sb->s_blocksize - EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(0)); /* Check if the directory is encrypted */ if (IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) { err = fscrypt_get_encryption_info(dir); if (err < 0) { brelse(bh); return err; } err = fscrypt_fname_alloc_buffer(EXT4_NAME_LEN, &fname_crypto_str); if (err < 0) { brelse(bh); return err; } } for (; de < top; de = ext4_next_entry(de, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize)) { if (ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, NULL, de, bh, bh->b_data, bh->b_size, (block<<EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(dir->i_sb)) + ((char *)de - bh->b_data))) { /* silently ignore the rest of the block */ break; } ext4fs_dirhash(dir, de->name, de->name_len, hinfo); if ((hinfo->hash < start_hash) || ((hinfo->hash == start_hash) && (hinfo->minor_hash < start_minor_hash))) continue; if (de->inode == 0) continue; if (!IS_ENCRYPTED(dir)) { tmp_str.name = de->name; tmp_str.len = de->name_len; err = ext4_htree_store_dirent(dir_file, hinfo->hash, hinfo->minor_hash, de, &tmp_str); } else { int save_len = fname_crypto_str.len; struct fscrypt_str de_name = FSTR_INIT(de->name, de->name_len); /* Directory is encrypted */ err = fscrypt_fname_disk_to_usr(dir, hinfo->hash, hinfo->minor_hash, &de_name, &fname_crypto_str); if (err) { count = err; goto errout; } err = ext4_htree_store_dirent(dir_file, hinfo->hash, hinfo->minor_hash, de, &fname_crypto_str); fname_crypto_str.len = save_len; } if (err != 0) { count = err; goto errout; } count++; } errout: brelse(bh); fscrypt_fname_free_buffer(&fname_crypto_str); return count; } /* * This function fills a red-black tree with information from a * directory. We start scanning the directory in hash order, starting * at start_hash and start_minor_hash. * * This function returns the number of entries inserted into the tree, * or a negative error code. */ int ext4_htree_fill_tree(struct file *dir_file, __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash, __u32 *next_hash) { struct dx_hash_info hinfo; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; struct dx_frame frames[EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL], *frame; struct inode *dir; ext4_lblk_t block; int count = 0; int ret, err; __u32 hashval; struct fscrypt_str tmp_str; dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "In htree_fill_tree, start hash: %x:%x\n", start_hash, start_minor_hash)); dir = file_inode(dir_file); if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(dir, EXT4_INODE_INDEX))) { hinfo.hash_version = EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_def_hash_version; if (hinfo.hash_version <= DX_HASH_TEA) hinfo.hash_version += EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_unsigned; hinfo.seed = EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_seed; if (ext4_has_inline_data(dir)) { int has_inline_data = 1; count = ext4_inlinedir_to_tree(dir_file, dir, 0, &hinfo, start_hash, start_minor_hash, &has_inline_data); if (has_inline_data) { *next_hash = ~0; return count; } } count = htree_dirblock_to_tree(dir_file, dir, 0, &hinfo, start_hash, start_minor_hash); *next_hash = ~0; return count; } hinfo.hash = start_hash; hinfo.minor_hash = 0; frame = dx_probe(NULL, dir, &hinfo, frames); if (IS_ERR(frame)) return PTR_ERR(frame); /* Add '.' and '..' from the htree header */ if (!start_hash && !start_minor_hash) { de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) frames[0].bh->b_data; tmp_str.name = de->name; tmp_str.len = de->name_len; err = ext4_htree_store_dirent(dir_file, 0, 0, de, &tmp_str); if (err != 0) goto errout; count++; } if (start_hash < 2 || (start_hash ==2 && start_minor_hash==0)) { de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) frames[0].bh->b_data; de = ext4_next_entry(de, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize); tmp_str.name = de->name; tmp_str.len = de->name_len; err = ext4_htree_store_dirent(dir_file, 2, 0, de, &tmp_str); if (err != 0) goto errout; count++; } while (1) { if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) { err = -ERESTARTSYS; goto errout; } cond_resched(); block = dx_get_block(frame->at); ret = htree_dirblock_to_tree(dir_file, dir, block, &hinfo, start_hash, start_minor_hash); if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto errout; } count += ret; hashval = ~0; ret = ext4_htree_next_block(dir, HASH_NB_ALWAYS, frame, frames, &hashval); *next_hash = hashval; if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto errout; } /* * Stop if: (a) there are no more entries, or * (b) we have inserted at least one entry and the * next hash value is not a continuation */ if ((ret == 0) || (count && ((hashval & 1) == 0))) break; } dx_release(frames); dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "Fill tree: returned %d entries, " "next hash: %x\n", count, *next_hash)); return count; errout: dx_release(frames); return (err); } static inline int search_dirblock(struct buffer_head *bh, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, unsigned int offset, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir) { return ext4_search_dir(bh, bh->b_data, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize, dir, fname, offset, res_dir); } /* * Directory block splitting, compacting */ /* * Create map of hash values, offsets, and sizes, stored at end of block. * Returns number of entries mapped. */ static int dx_make_map(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, unsigned blocksize, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, struct dx_map_entry *map_tail) { int count = 0; char *base = (char *) de; struct dx_hash_info h = *hinfo; while ((char *) de < base + blocksize) { if (de->name_len && de->inode) { ext4fs_dirhash(dir, de->name, de->name_len, &h); map_tail--; map_tail->hash = h.hash; map_tail->offs = ((char *) de - base)>>2; map_tail->size = le16_to_cpu(de->rec_len); count++; cond_resched(); } /* XXX: do we need to check rec_len == 0 case? -Chris */ de = ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize); } return count; } /* Sort map by hash value */ static void dx_sort_map (struct dx_map_entry *map, unsigned count) { struct dx_map_entry *p, *q, *top = map + count - 1; int more; /* Combsort until bubble sort doesn't suck */ while (count > 2) { count = count*10/13; if (count - 9 < 2) /* 9, 10 -> 11 */ count = 11; for (p = top, q = p - count; q >= map; p--, q--) if (p->hash < q->hash) swap(*p, *q); } /* Garden variety bubble sort */ do { more = 0; q = top; while (q-- > map) { if (q[1].hash >= q[0].hash) continue; swap(*(q+1), *q); more = 1; } } while(more); } static void dx_insert_block(struct dx_frame *frame, u32 hash, ext4_lblk_t block) { struct dx_entry *entries = frame->entries; struct dx_entry *old = frame->at, *new = old + 1; int count = dx_get_count(entries); assert(count < dx_get_limit(entries)); assert(old < entries + count); memmove(new + 1, new, (char *)(entries + count) - (char *)(new)); dx_set_hash(new, hash); dx_set_block(new, block); dx_set_count(entries, count + 1); } #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE /* * Test whether a case-insensitive directory entry matches the filename * being searched for. If quick is set, assume the name being looked up * is already in the casefolded form. * * Returns: 0 if the directory entry matches, more than 0 if it * doesn't match or less than zero on error. */ int ext4_ci_compare(const struct inode *parent, const struct qstr *name, const struct qstr *entry, bool quick) { const struct super_block *sb = parent->i_sb; const struct unicode_map *um = sb->s_encoding; int ret; if (quick) ret = utf8_strncasecmp_folded(um, name, entry); else ret = utf8_strncasecmp(um, name, entry); if (ret < 0) { /* Handle invalid character sequence as either an error * or as an opaque byte sequence. */ if (sb_has_strict_encoding(sb)) return -EINVAL; if (name->len != entry->len) return 1; return !!memcmp(name->name, entry->name, name->len); } return ret; } void ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, struct fscrypt_str *cf_name) { int len; if (!IS_CASEFOLDED(dir) || !dir->i_sb->s_encoding) { cf_name->name = NULL; return; } cf_name->name = kmalloc(EXT4_NAME_LEN, GFP_NOFS); if (!cf_name->name) return; len = utf8_casefold(dir->i_sb->s_encoding, iname, cf_name->name, EXT4_NAME_LEN); if (len <= 0) { kfree(cf_name->name); cf_name->name = NULL; return; } cf_name->len = (unsigned) len; } #endif /* * Test whether a directory entry matches the filename being searched for. * * Return: %true if the directory entry matches, otherwise %false. */ static inline bool ext4_match(const struct inode *parent, const struct ext4_filename *fname, const struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de) { struct fscrypt_name f; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE const struct qstr entry = {.name = de->name, .len = de->name_len}; #endif if (!de->inode) return false; f.usr_fname = fname->usr_fname; f.disk_name = fname->disk_name; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION f.crypto_buf = fname->crypto_buf; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE if (parent->i_sb->s_encoding && IS_CASEFOLDED(parent)) { if (fname->cf_name.name) { struct qstr cf = {.name = fname->cf_name.name, .len = fname->cf_name.len}; return !ext4_ci_compare(parent, &cf, &entry, true); } return !ext4_ci_compare(parent, fname->usr_fname, &entry, false); } #endif return fscrypt_match_name(&f, de->name, de->name_len); } /* * Returns 0 if not found, -1 on failure, and 1 on success */ int ext4_search_dir(struct buffer_head *bh, char *search_buf, int buf_size, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, unsigned int offset, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 * de; char * dlimit; int de_len; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)search_buf; dlimit = search_buf + buf_size; while ((char *) de < dlimit) { /* this code is executed quadratically often */ /* do minimal checking `by hand' */ if ((char *) de + de->name_len <= dlimit && ext4_match(dir, fname, de)) { /* found a match - just to be sure, do * a full check */ if (ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, NULL, de, bh, search_buf, buf_size, offset)) return -1; *res_dir = de; return 1; } /* prevent looping on a bad block */ de_len = ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize); if (de_len <= 0) return -1; offset += de_len; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) ((char *) de + de_len); } return 0; } static int is_dx_internal_node(struct inode *dir, ext4_lblk_t block, struct ext4_dir_entry *de) { struct super_block *sb = dir->i_sb; if (!is_dx(dir)) return 0; if (block == 0) return 1; if (de->inode == 0 && ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, sb->s_blocksize) == sb->s_blocksize) return 1; return 0; } /* * __ext4_find_entry() * * finds an entry in the specified directory with the wanted name. It * returns the cache buffer in which the entry was found, and the entry * itself (as a parameter - res_dir). It does NOT read the inode of the * entry - you'll have to do that yourself if you want to. * * The returned buffer_head has ->b_count elevated. The caller is expected * to brelse() it when appropriate. */ static struct buffer_head *__ext4_find_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir, int *inlined) { struct super_block *sb; struct buffer_head *bh_use[NAMEI_RA_SIZE]; struct buffer_head *bh, *ret = NULL; ext4_lblk_t start, block; const u8 *name = fname->usr_fname->name; size_t ra_max = 0; /* Number of bh's in the readahead buffer, bh_use[] */ size_t ra_ptr = 0; /* Current index into readahead buffer */ ext4_lblk_t nblocks; int i, namelen, retval; *res_dir = NULL; sb = dir->i_sb; namelen = fname->usr_fname->len; if (namelen > EXT4_NAME_LEN) return NULL; if (ext4_has_inline_data(dir)) { int has_inline_data = 1; ret = ext4_find_inline_entry(dir, fname, res_dir, &has_inline_data); if (has_inline_data) { if (inlined) *inlined = 1; goto cleanup_and_exit; } } if ((namelen <= 2) && (name[0] == '.') && (name[1] == '.' || name[1] == '\0')) { /* * "." or ".." will only be in the first block * NFS may look up ".."; "." should be handled by the VFS */ block = start = 0; nblocks = 1; goto restart; } if (is_dx(dir)) { ret = ext4_dx_find_entry(dir, fname, res_dir); /* * On success, or if the error was file not found, * return. Otherwise, fall back to doing a search the * old fashioned way. */ if (!IS_ERR(ret) || PTR_ERR(ret) != ERR_BAD_DX_DIR) goto cleanup_and_exit; dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "ext4_find_entry: dx failed, " "falling back\n")); ret = NULL; } nblocks = dir->i_size >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); if (!nblocks) { ret = NULL; goto cleanup_and_exit; } start = EXT4_I(dir)->i_dir_start_lookup; if (start >= nblocks) start = 0; block = start; restart: do { /* * We deal with the read-ahead logic here. */ cond_resched(); if (ra_ptr >= ra_max) { /* Refill the readahead buffer */ ra_ptr = 0; if (block < start) ra_max = start - block; else ra_max = nblocks - block; ra_max = min(ra_max, ARRAY_SIZE(bh_use)); retval = ext4_bread_batch(dir, block, ra_max, false /* wait */, bh_use); if (retval) { ret = ERR_PTR(retval); ra_max = 0; goto cleanup_and_exit; } } if ((bh = bh_use[ra_ptr++]) == NULL) goto next; wait_on_buffer(bh); if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE_ERR(dir, EIO, "reading directory lblock %lu", (unsigned long) block); brelse(bh); ret = ERR_PTR(-EIO); goto cleanup_and_exit; } if (!buffer_verified(bh) && !is_dx_internal_node(dir, block, (struct ext4_dir_entry *)bh->b_data) && !ext4_dirblock_csum_verify(dir, bh)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE_ERR(dir, EFSBADCRC, "checksumming directory " "block %lu", (unsigned long)block); brelse(bh); ret = ERR_PTR(-EFSBADCRC); goto cleanup_and_exit; } set_buffer_verified(bh); i = search_dirblock(bh, dir, fname, block << EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb), res_dir); if (i == 1) { EXT4_I(dir)->i_dir_start_lookup = block; ret = bh; goto cleanup_and_exit; } else { brelse(bh); if (i < 0) goto cleanup_and_exit; } next: if (++block >= nblocks) block = 0; } while (block != start); /* * If the directory has grown while we were searching, then * search the last part of the directory before giving up. */ block = nblocks; nblocks = dir->i_size >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); if (block < nblocks) { start = 0; goto restart; } cleanup_and_exit: /* Clean up the read-ahead blocks */ for (; ra_ptr < ra_max; ra_ptr++) brelse(bh_use[ra_ptr]); return ret; } static struct buffer_head *ext4_find_entry(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *d_name, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir, int *inlined) { int err; struct ext4_filename fname; struct buffer_head *bh; err = ext4_fname_setup_filename(dir, d_name, 1, &fname); if (err == -ENOENT) return NULL; if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); bh = __ext4_find_entry(dir, &fname, res_dir, inlined); ext4_fname_free_filename(&fname); return bh; } static struct buffer_head *ext4_lookup_entry(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir) { int err; struct ext4_filename fname; struct buffer_head *bh; err = ext4_fname_prepare_lookup(dir, dentry, &fname); if (err == -ENOENT) return NULL; if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); bh = __ext4_find_entry(dir, &fname, res_dir, NULL); ext4_fname_free_filename(&fname); return bh; } static struct buffer_head * ext4_dx_find_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir) { struct super_block * sb = dir->i_sb; struct dx_frame frames[EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL], *frame; struct buffer_head *bh; ext4_lblk_t block; int retval; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION *res_dir = NULL; #endif frame = dx_probe(fname, dir, NULL, frames); if (IS_ERR(frame)) return (struct buffer_head *) frame; do { block = dx_get_block(frame->at); bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, block, DIRENT_HTREE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) goto errout; retval = search_dirblock(bh, dir, fname, block << EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb), res_dir); if (retval == 1) goto success; brelse(bh); if (retval == -1) { bh = ERR_PTR(ERR_BAD_DX_DIR); goto errout; } /* Check to see if we should continue to search */ retval = ext4_htree_next_block(dir, fname->hinfo.hash, frame, frames, NULL); if (retval < 0) { ext4_warning_inode(dir, "error %d reading directory index block", retval); bh = ERR_PTR(retval); goto errout; } } while (retval == 1); bh = NULL; errout: dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s not found\n", fname->usr_fname->name)); success: dx_release(frames); return bh; } static struct dentry *ext4_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) { struct inode *inode; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; struct buffer_head *bh; if (dentry->d_name.len > EXT4_NAME_LEN) return ERR_PTR(-ENAMETOOLONG); bh = ext4_lookup_entry(dir, dentry, &de); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return ERR_CAST(bh); inode = NULL; if (bh) { __u32 ino = le32_to_cpu(de->inode); brelse(bh); if (!ext4_valid_inum(dir->i_sb, ino)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(dir, "bad inode number: %u", ino); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } if (unlikely(ino == dir->i_ino)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(dir, "'%pd' linked to parent dir", dentry); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } inode = ext4_iget(dir->i_sb, ino, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (inode == ERR_PTR(-ESTALE)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(dir, "deleted inode referenced: %u", ino); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } if (!IS_ERR(inode) && IS_ENCRYPTED(dir) && (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) && !fscrypt_has_permitted_context(dir, inode)) { ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "Inconsistent encryption contexts: %lu/%lu", dir->i_ino, inode->i_ino); iput(inode); return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); } } #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE if (!inode && IS_CASEFOLDED(dir)) { /* Eventually we want to call d_add_ci(dentry, NULL) * for negative dentries in the encoding case as * well. For now, prevent the negative dentry * from being cached. */ return NULL; } #endif return d_splice_alias(inode, dentry); } struct dentry *ext4_get_parent(struct dentry *child) { __u32 ino; static const struct qstr dotdot = QSTR_INIT("..", 2); struct ext4_dir_entry_2 * de; struct buffer_head *bh; bh = ext4_find_entry(d_inode(child), &dotdot, &de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return ERR_CAST(bh); if (!bh) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); ino = le32_to_cpu(de->inode); brelse(bh); if (!ext4_valid_inum(child->d_sb, ino)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(d_inode(child), "bad parent inode number: %u", ino); return ERR_PTR(-EFSCORRUPTED); } return d_obtain_alias(ext4_iget(child->d_sb, ino, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL)); } /* * Move count entries from end of map between two memory locations. * Returns pointer to last entry moved. */ static struct ext4_dir_entry_2 * dx_move_dirents(char *from, char *to, struct dx_map_entry *map, int count, unsigned blocksize) { unsigned rec_len = 0; while (count--) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) (from + (map->offs<<2)); rec_len = EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len); memcpy (to, de, rec_len); ((struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) to)->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(rec_len, blocksize); de->inode = 0; map++; to += rec_len; } return (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) (to - rec_len); } /* * Compact each dir entry in the range to the minimal rec_len. * Returns pointer to last entry in range. */ static struct ext4_dir_entry_2* dx_pack_dirents(char *base, unsigned blocksize) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *next, *to, *prev, *de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) base; unsigned rec_len = 0; prev = to = de; while ((char*)de < base + blocksize) { next = ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize); if (de->inode && de->name_len) { rec_len = EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len); if (de > to) memmove(to, de, rec_len); to->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(rec_len, blocksize); prev = to; to = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) (((char *) to) + rec_len); } de = next; } return prev; } /* * Split a full leaf block to make room for a new dir entry. * Allocate a new block, and move entries so that they are approx. equally full. * Returns pointer to de in block into which the new entry will be inserted. */ static struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *do_split(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct buffer_head **bh,struct dx_frame *frame, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo) { unsigned blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; unsigned count, continued; struct buffer_head *bh2; ext4_lblk_t newblock; u32 hash2; struct dx_map_entry *map; char *data1 = (*bh)->b_data, *data2; unsigned split, move, size; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de = NULL, *de2; int csum_size = 0; int err = 0, i; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(dir->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); bh2 = ext4_append(handle, dir, &newblock); if (IS_ERR(bh2)) { brelse(*bh); *bh = NULL; return (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) bh2; } BUFFER_TRACE(*bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, *bh); if (err) goto journal_error; BUFFER_TRACE(frame->bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, frame->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; data2 = bh2->b_data; /* create map in the end of data2 block */ map = (struct dx_map_entry *) (data2 + blocksize); count = dx_make_map(dir, (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) data1, blocksize, hinfo, map); map -= count; dx_sort_map(map, count); /* Ensure that neither split block is over half full */ size = 0; move = 0; for (i = count-1; i >= 0; i--) { /* is more than half of this entry in 2nd half of the block? */ if (size + map[i].size/2 > blocksize/2) break; size += map[i].size; move++; } /* * map index at which we will split * * If the sum of active entries didn't exceed half the block size, just * split it in half by count; each resulting block will have at least * half the space free. */ if (i > 0) split = count - move; else split = count/2; hash2 = map[split].hash; continued = hash2 == map[split - 1].hash; dxtrace(printk(KERN_INFO "Split block %lu at %x, %i/%i\n", (unsigned long)dx_get_block(frame->at), hash2, split, count-split)); /* Fancy dance to stay within two buffers */ de2 = dx_move_dirents(data1, data2, map + split, count - split, blocksize); de = dx_pack_dirents(data1, blocksize); de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(data1 + (blocksize - csum_size) - (char *) de, blocksize); de2->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(data2 + (blocksize - csum_size) - (char *) de2, blocksize); if (csum_size) { ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(*bh, blocksize); ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(bh2, blocksize); } dxtrace(dx_show_leaf(dir, hinfo, (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) data1, blocksize, 1)); dxtrace(dx_show_leaf(dir, hinfo, (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) data2, blocksize, 1)); /* Which block gets the new entry? */ if (hinfo->hash >= hash2) { swap(*bh, bh2); de = de2; } dx_insert_block(frame, hash2 + continued, newblock); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, dir, bh2); if (err) goto journal_error; err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, frame->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; brelse(bh2); dxtrace(dx_show_index("frame", frame->entries)); return de; journal_error: brelse(*bh); brelse(bh2); *bh = NULL; ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, err); return ERR_PTR(err); } int ext4_find_dest_de(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, void *buf, int buf_size, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **dest_de) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; unsigned short reclen = EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(fname_len(fname)); int nlen, rlen; unsigned int offset = 0; char *top; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)buf; top = buf + buf_size - reclen; while ((char *) de <= top) { if (ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, NULL, de, bh, buf, buf_size, offset)) return -EFSCORRUPTED; if (ext4_match(dir, fname, de)) return -EEXIST; nlen = EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len); rlen = ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, buf_size); if ((de->inode ? rlen - nlen : rlen) >= reclen) break; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)((char *)de + rlen); offset += rlen; } if ((char *) de > top) return -ENOSPC; *dest_de = de; return 0; } void ext4_insert_dentry(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int buf_size, struct ext4_filename *fname) { int nlen, rlen; nlen = EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len); rlen = ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, buf_size); if (de->inode) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de1 = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)((char *)de + nlen); de1->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(rlen - nlen, buf_size); de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(nlen, buf_size); de = de1; } de->file_type = EXT4_FT_UNKNOWN; de->inode = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino); ext4_set_de_type(inode->i_sb, de, inode->i_mode); de->name_len = fname_len(fname); memcpy(de->name, fname_name(fname), fname_len(fname)); } /* * Add a new entry into a directory (leaf) block. If de is non-NULL, * it points to a directory entry which is guaranteed to be large * enough for new directory entry. If de is NULL, then * add_dirent_to_buf will attempt search the directory block for * space. It will return -ENOSPC if no space is available, and -EIO * and -EEXIST if directory entry already exists. */ static int add_dirent_to_buf(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, struct buffer_head *bh) { unsigned int blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; int csum_size = 0; int err, err2; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); if (!de) { err = ext4_find_dest_de(dir, inode, bh, bh->b_data, blocksize - csum_size, fname, &de); if (err) return err; } BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (err) { ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, err); return err; } /* By now the buffer is marked for journaling */ ext4_insert_dentry(inode, de, blocksize, fname); /* * XXX shouldn't update any times until successful * completion of syscall, but too many callers depend * on this. * * XXX similarly, too many callers depend on * ext4_new_inode() setting the times, but error * recovery deletes the inode, so the worst that can * happen is that the times are slightly out of date * and/or different from the directory change time. */ dir->i_mtime = dir->i_ctime = current_time(dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(dir); inode_inc_iversion(dir); err2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, dir, bh); if (err) ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, err); return err ? err : err2; } /* * This converts a one block unindexed directory to a 3 block indexed * directory, and adds the dentry to the indexed directory. */ static int make_indexed_dir(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct buffer_head *bh2; struct dx_root *root; struct dx_frame frames[EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL], *frame; struct dx_entry *entries; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, *de2; char *data2, *top; unsigned len; int retval; unsigned blocksize; ext4_lblk_t block; struct fake_dirent *fde; int csum_size = 0; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "Creating index: inode %lu\n", dir->i_ino)); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); retval = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (retval) { ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, retval); brelse(bh); return retval; } root = (struct dx_root *) bh->b_data; /* The 0th block becomes the root, move the dirents out */ fde = &root->dotdot; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)((char *)fde + ext4_rec_len_from_disk(fde->rec_len, blocksize)); if ((char *) de >= (((char *) root) + blocksize)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(dir, "invalid rec_len for '..'"); brelse(bh); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } len = ((char *) root) + (blocksize - csum_size) - (char *) de; /* Allocate new block for the 0th block's dirents */ bh2 = ext4_append(handle, dir, &block); if (IS_ERR(bh2)) { brelse(bh); return PTR_ERR(bh2); } ext4_set_inode_flag(dir, EXT4_INODE_INDEX); data2 = bh2->b_data; memcpy(data2, de, len); de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) data2; top = data2 + len; while ((char *)(de2 = ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize)) < top) de = de2; de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(data2 + (blocksize - csum_size) - (char *) de, blocksize); if (csum_size) ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(bh2, blocksize); /* Initialize the root; the dot dirents already exist */ de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) (&root->dotdot); de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(blocksize - EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(2), blocksize); memset (&root->info, 0, sizeof(root->info)); root->info.info_length = sizeof(root->info); root->info.hash_version = EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_def_hash_version; entries = root->entries; dx_set_block(entries, 1); dx_set_count(entries, 1); dx_set_limit(entries, dx_root_limit(dir, sizeof(root->info))); /* Initialize as for dx_probe */ fname->hinfo.hash_version = root->info.hash_version; if (fname->hinfo.hash_version <= DX_HASH_TEA) fname->hinfo.hash_version += EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_unsigned; fname->hinfo.seed = EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)->s_hash_seed; ext4fs_dirhash(dir, fname_name(fname), fname_len(fname), &fname->hinfo); memset(frames, 0, sizeof(frames)); frame = frames; frame->entries = entries; frame->at = entries; frame->bh = bh; retval = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, frame->bh); if (retval) goto out_frames; retval = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, dir, bh2); if (retval) goto out_frames; de = do_split(handle,dir, &bh2, frame, &fname->hinfo); if (IS_ERR(de)) { retval = PTR_ERR(de); goto out_frames; } retval = add_dirent_to_buf(handle, fname, dir, inode, de, bh2); out_frames: /* * Even if the block split failed, we have to properly write * out all the changes we did so far. Otherwise we can end up * with corrupted filesystem. */ if (retval) ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); dx_release(frames); brelse(bh2); return retval; } /* * ext4_add_entry() * * adds a file entry to the specified directory, using the same * semantics as ext4_find_entry(). It returns NULL if it failed. * * NOTE!! The inode part of 'de' is left at 0 - which means you * may not sleep between calling this and putting something into * the entry, as someone else might have used it while you slept. */ static int ext4_add_entry(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { struct inode *dir = d_inode(dentry->d_parent); struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; struct super_block *sb; struct ext4_filename fname; int retval; int dx_fallback=0; unsigned blocksize; ext4_lblk_t block, blocks; int csum_size = 0; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); sb = dir->i_sb; blocksize = sb->s_blocksize; if (!dentry->d_name.len) return -EINVAL; if (fscrypt_is_nokey_name(dentry)) return -ENOKEY; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE if (sb_has_strict_encoding(sb) && IS_CASEFOLDED(dir) && sb->s_encoding && utf8_validate(sb->s_encoding, &dentry->d_name)) return -EINVAL; #endif retval = ext4_fname_setup_filename(dir, &dentry->d_name, 0, &fname); if (retval) return retval; if (ext4_has_inline_data(dir)) { retval = ext4_try_add_inline_entry(handle, &fname, dir, inode); if (retval < 0) goto out; if (retval == 1) { retval = 0; goto out; } } if (is_dx(dir)) { retval = ext4_dx_add_entry(handle, &fname, dir, inode); if (!retval || (retval != ERR_BAD_DX_DIR)) goto out; /* Can we just ignore htree data? */ if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(dir, "Directory has corrupted htree index."); retval = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } ext4_clear_inode_flag(dir, EXT4_INODE_INDEX); dx_fallback++; retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); if (unlikely(retval)) goto out; } blocks = dir->i_size >> sb->s_blocksize_bits; for (block = 0; block < blocks; block++) { bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, block, DIRENT); if (bh == NULL) { bh = ext4_bread(handle, dir, block, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE); goto add_to_new_block; } if (IS_ERR(bh)) { retval = PTR_ERR(bh); bh = NULL; goto out; } retval = add_dirent_to_buf(handle, &fname, dir, inode, NULL, bh); if (retval != -ENOSPC) goto out; if (blocks == 1 && !dx_fallback && ext4_has_feature_dir_index(sb)) { retval = make_indexed_dir(handle, &fname, dir, inode, bh); bh = NULL; /* make_indexed_dir releases bh */ goto out; } brelse(bh); } bh = ext4_append(handle, dir, &block); add_to_new_block: if (IS_ERR(bh)) { retval = PTR_ERR(bh); bh = NULL; goto out; } de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) bh->b_data; de->inode = 0; de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(blocksize - csum_size, blocksize); if (csum_size) ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(bh, blocksize); retval = add_dirent_to_buf(handle, &fname, dir, inode, de, bh); out: ext4_fname_free_filename(&fname); brelse(bh); if (retval == 0) ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NEWENTRY); return retval; } /* * Returns 0 for success, or a negative error value */ static int ext4_dx_add_entry(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { struct dx_frame frames[EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL], *frame; struct dx_entry *entries, *at; struct buffer_head *bh; struct super_block *sb = dir->i_sb; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; int restart; int err; again: restart = 0; frame = dx_probe(fname, dir, NULL, frames); if (IS_ERR(frame)) return PTR_ERR(frame); entries = frame->entries; at = frame->at; bh = ext4_read_dirblock(dir, dx_get_block(frame->at), DIRENT_HTREE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { err = PTR_ERR(bh); bh = NULL; goto cleanup; } BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (err) goto journal_error; err = add_dirent_to_buf(handle, fname, dir, inode, NULL, bh); if (err != -ENOSPC) goto cleanup; err = 0; /* Block full, should compress but for now just split */ dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "using %u of %u node entries\n", dx_get_count(entries), dx_get_limit(entries))); /* Need to split index? */ if (dx_get_count(entries) == dx_get_limit(entries)) { ext4_lblk_t newblock; int levels = frame - frames + 1; unsigned int icount; int add_level = 1; struct dx_entry *entries2; struct dx_node *node2; struct buffer_head *bh2; while (frame > frames) { if (dx_get_count((frame - 1)->entries) < dx_get_limit((frame - 1)->entries)) { add_level = 0; break; } frame--; /* split higher index block */ at = frame->at; entries = frame->entries; restart = 1; } if (add_level && levels == ext4_dir_htree_level(sb)) { ext4_warning(sb, "Directory (ino: %lu) index full, " "reach max htree level :%d", dir->i_ino, levels); if (ext4_dir_htree_level(sb) < EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL) { ext4_warning(sb, "Large directory feature is " "not enabled on this " "filesystem"); } err = -ENOSPC; goto cleanup; } icount = dx_get_count(entries); bh2 = ext4_append(handle, dir, &newblock); if (IS_ERR(bh2)) { err = PTR_ERR(bh2); goto cleanup; } node2 = (struct dx_node *)(bh2->b_data); entries2 = node2->entries; memset(&node2->fake, 0, sizeof(struct fake_dirent)); node2->fake.rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(sb->s_blocksize, sb->s_blocksize); BUFFER_TRACE(frame->bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, frame->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; if (!add_level) { unsigned icount1 = icount/2, icount2 = icount - icount1; unsigned hash2 = dx_get_hash(entries + icount1); dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "Split index %i/%i\n", icount1, icount2)); BUFFER_TRACE(frame->bh, "get_write_access"); /* index root */ err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, (frame - 1)->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; memcpy((char *) entries2, (char *) (entries + icount1), icount2 * sizeof(struct dx_entry)); dx_set_count(entries, icount1); dx_set_count(entries2, icount2); dx_set_limit(entries2, dx_node_limit(dir)); /* Which index block gets the new entry? */ if (at - entries >= icount1) { frame->at = at = at - entries - icount1 + entries2; frame->entries = entries = entries2; swap(frame->bh, bh2); } dx_insert_block((frame - 1), hash2, newblock); dxtrace(dx_show_index("node", frame->entries)); dxtrace(dx_show_index("node", ((struct dx_node *) bh2->b_data)->entries)); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, bh2); if (err) goto journal_error; brelse (bh2); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, (frame - 1)->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, frame->bh); if (restart || err) goto journal_error; } else { struct dx_root *dxroot; memcpy((char *) entries2, (char *) entries, icount * sizeof(struct dx_entry)); dx_set_limit(entries2, dx_node_limit(dir)); /* Set up root */ dx_set_count(entries, 1); dx_set_block(entries + 0, newblock); dxroot = (struct dx_root *)frames[0].bh->b_data; dxroot->info.indirect_levels += 1; dxtrace(printk(KERN_DEBUG "Creating %d level index...\n", dxroot->info.indirect_levels)); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, frame->bh); if (err) goto journal_error; err = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, dir, bh2); brelse(bh2); restart = 1; goto journal_error; } } de = do_split(handle, dir, &bh, frame, &fname->hinfo); if (IS_ERR(de)) { err = PTR_ERR(de); goto cleanup; } err = add_dirent_to_buf(handle, fname, dir, inode, de, bh); goto cleanup; journal_error: ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, err); /* this is a no-op if err == 0 */ cleanup: brelse(bh); dx_release(frames); /* @restart is true means htree-path has been changed, we need to * repeat dx_probe() to find out valid htree-path */ if (restart && err == 0) goto again; return err; } /* * ext4_generic_delete_entry deletes a directory entry by merging it * with the previous entry */ int ext4_generic_delete_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del, struct buffer_head *bh, void *entry_buf, int buf_size, int csum_size) { struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, *pde; unsigned int blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; int i; i = 0; pde = NULL; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)entry_buf; while (i < buf_size - csum_size) { if (ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, NULL, de, bh, entry_buf, buf_size, i)) return -EFSCORRUPTED; if (de == de_del) { if (pde) pde->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk( ext4_rec_len_from_disk(pde->rec_len, blocksize) + ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, blocksize), blocksize); else de->inode = 0; inode_inc_iversion(dir); return 0; } i += ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, blocksize); pde = de; de = ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize); } return -ENOENT; } static int ext4_delete_entry(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del, struct buffer_head *bh) { int err, csum_size = 0; if (ext4_has_inline_data(dir)) { int has_inline_data = 1; err = ext4_delete_inline_entry(handle, dir, de_del, bh, &has_inline_data); if (has_inline_data) return err; } if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(dir->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (unlikely(err)) goto out; err = ext4_generic_delete_entry(dir, de_del, bh, bh->b_data, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize, csum_size); if (err) goto out; BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, dir, bh); if (unlikely(err)) goto out; return 0; out: if (err != -ENOENT) ext4_std_error(dir->i_sb, err); return err; } /* * Set directory link count to 1 if nlinks > EXT4_LINK_MAX, or if nlinks == 2 * since this indicates that nlinks count was previously 1 to avoid overflowing * the 16-bit i_links_count field on disk. Directories with i_nlink == 1 mean * that subdirectory link counts are not being maintained accurately. * * The caller has already checked for i_nlink overflow in case the DIR_LINK * feature is not enabled and returned -EMLINK. The is_dx() check is a proxy * for checking S_ISDIR(inode) (since the INODE_INDEX feature will not be set * on regular files) and to avoid creating huge/slow non-HTREE directories. */ static void ext4_inc_count(struct inode *inode) { inc_nlink(inode); if (is_dx(inode) && (inode->i_nlink > EXT4_LINK_MAX || inode->i_nlink == 2)) set_nlink(inode, 1); } /* * If a directory had nlink == 1, then we should let it be 1. This indicates * directory has >EXT4_LINK_MAX subdirs. */ static void ext4_dec_count(struct inode *inode) { if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || inode->i_nlink > 2) drop_nlink(inode); } /* * Add non-directory inode to a directory. On success, the inode reference is * consumed by dentry is instantiation. This is also indicated by clearing of * *inodep pointer. On failure, the caller is responsible for dropping the * inode reference in the safe context. */ static int ext4_add_nondir(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry, struct inode **inodep) { struct inode *dir = d_inode(dentry->d_parent); struct inode *inode = *inodep; int err = ext4_add_entry(handle, dentry, inode); if (!err) { err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); d_instantiate_new(dentry, inode); *inodep = NULL; return err; } drop_nlink(inode); ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); unlock_new_inode(inode); return err; } /* * By the time this is called, we already have created * the directory cache entry for the new file, but it * is so far negative - it has no inode. * * If the create succeeds, we fill in the inode information * with d_instantiate(). */ static int ext4_create(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, bool excl) { handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode; int err, credits, retries = 0; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; credits = (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 3); retry: inode = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, mode, &dentry->d_name, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); err = PTR_ERR(inode); if (!IS_ERR(inode)) { inode->i_op = &ext4_file_inode_operations; inode->i_fop = &ext4_file_operations; ext4_set_aops(inode); err = ext4_add_nondir(handle, dentry, &inode); if (!err) ext4_fc_track_create(handle, dentry); } if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(inode)) iput(inode); if (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return err; } static int ext4_mknod(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, dev_t rdev) { handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode; int err, credits, retries = 0; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; credits = (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 3); retry: inode = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, mode, &dentry->d_name, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); err = PTR_ERR(inode); if (!IS_ERR(inode)) { init_special_inode(inode, inode->i_mode, rdev); inode->i_op = &ext4_special_inode_operations; err = ext4_add_nondir(handle, dentry, &inode); if (!err) ext4_fc_track_create(handle, dentry); } if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(inode)) iput(inode); if (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return err; } static int ext4_tmpfile(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode) { handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode; int err, retries = 0; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; retry: inode = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, mode, NULL, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_INIT_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + 4 + EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); err = PTR_ERR(inode); if (!IS_ERR(inode)) { inode->i_op = &ext4_file_inode_operations; inode->i_fop = &ext4_file_operations; ext4_set_aops(inode); d_tmpfile(dentry, inode); err = ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); if (err) goto err_unlock_inode; mark_inode_dirty(inode); unlock_new_inode(inode); } if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return err; err_unlock_inode: ext4_journal_stop(handle); unlock_new_inode(inode); return err; } struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *ext4_init_dot_dotdot(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int blocksize, int csum_size, unsigned int parent_ino, int dotdot_real_len) { de->inode = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino); de->name_len = 1; de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len), blocksize); strcpy(de->name, "."); ext4_set_de_type(inode->i_sb, de, S_IFDIR); de = ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize); de->inode = cpu_to_le32(parent_ino); de->name_len = 2; if (!dotdot_real_len) de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk(blocksize - (csum_size + EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(1)), blocksize); else de->rec_len = ext4_rec_len_to_disk( EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(de->name_len), blocksize); strcpy(de->name, ".."); ext4_set_de_type(inode->i_sb, de, S_IFDIR); return ext4_next_entry(de, blocksize); } int ext4_init_new_dir(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { struct buffer_head *dir_block = NULL; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; ext4_lblk_t block = 0; unsigned int blocksize = dir->i_sb->s_blocksize; int csum_size = 0; int err; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(dir->i_sb)) csum_size = sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail); if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA)) { err = ext4_try_create_inline_dir(handle, dir, inode); if (err < 0 && err != -ENOSPC) goto out; if (!err) goto out; } inode->i_size = 0; dir_block = ext4_append(handle, inode, &block); if (IS_ERR(dir_block)) return PTR_ERR(dir_block); de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)dir_block->b_data; ext4_init_dot_dotdot(inode, de, blocksize, csum_size, dir->i_ino, 0); set_nlink(inode, 2); if (csum_size) ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(dir_block, blocksize); BUFFER_TRACE(dir_block, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); err = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, inode, dir_block); if (err) goto out; set_buffer_verified(dir_block); out: brelse(dir_block); return err; } static int ext4_mkdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode) { handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode; int err, err2 = 0, credits, retries = 0; if (EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(dir)) return -EMLINK; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; credits = (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 3); retry: inode = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, S_IFDIR | mode, &dentry->d_name, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); err = PTR_ERR(inode); if (IS_ERR(inode)) goto out_stop; inode->i_op = &ext4_dir_inode_operations; inode->i_fop = &ext4_dir_operations; err = ext4_init_new_dir(handle, dir, inode); if (err) goto out_clear_inode; err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (!err) err = ext4_add_entry(handle, dentry, inode); if (err) { out_clear_inode: clear_nlink(inode); ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); unlock_new_inode(inode); err2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (unlikely(err2)) err = err2; ext4_journal_stop(handle); iput(inode); goto out_retry; } ext4_inc_count(dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(dir); err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); if (err) goto out_clear_inode; d_instantiate_new(dentry, inode); ext4_fc_track_create(handle, dentry); if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); out_stop: if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); out_retry: if (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return err; } /* * routine to check that the specified directory is empty (for rmdir) */ bool ext4_empty_dir(struct inode *inode) { unsigned int offset; struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; struct super_block *sb; if (ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { int has_inline_data = 1; int ret; ret = empty_inline_dir(inode, &has_inline_data); if (has_inline_data) return ret; } sb = inode->i_sb; if (inode->i_size < EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(1) + EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(2)) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "invalid size"); return true; } /* The first directory block must not be a hole, * so treat it as DIRENT_HTREE */ bh = ext4_read_dirblock(inode, 0, DIRENT_HTREE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return true; de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) bh->b_data; if (ext4_check_dir_entry(inode, NULL, de, bh, bh->b_data, bh->b_size, 0) || le32_to_cpu(de->inode) != inode->i_ino || strcmp(".", de->name)) { ext4_warning_inode(inode, "directory missing '.'"); brelse(bh); return true; } offset = ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, sb->s_blocksize); de = ext4_next_entry(de, sb->s_blocksize); if (ext4_check_dir_entry(inode, NULL, de, bh, bh->b_data, bh->b_size, offset) || le32_to_cpu(de->inode) == 0 || strcmp("..", de->name)) { ext4_warning_inode(inode, "directory missing '..'"); brelse(bh); return true; } offset += ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, sb->s_blocksize); while (offset < inode->i_size) { if (!(offset & (sb->s_blocksize - 1))) { unsigned int lblock; brelse(bh); lblock = offset >> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(sb); bh = ext4_read_dirblock(inode, lblock, EITHER); if (bh == NULL) { offset += sb->s_blocksize; continue; } if (IS_ERR(bh)) return true; } de = (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *) (bh->b_data + (offset & (sb->s_blocksize - 1))); if (ext4_check_dir_entry(inode, NULL, de, bh, bh->b_data, bh->b_size, offset)) { offset = (offset | (sb->s_blocksize - 1)) + 1; continue; } if (le32_to_cpu(de->inode)) { brelse(bh); return false; } offset += ext4_rec_len_from_disk(de->rec_len, sb->s_blocksize); } brelse(bh); return true; } /* * ext4_orphan_add() links an unlinked or truncated inode into a list of * such inodes, starting at the superblock, in case we crash before the * file is closed/deleted, or in case the inode truncate spans multiple * transactions and the last transaction is not recovered after a crash. * * At filesystem recovery time, we walk this list deleting unlinked * inodes and truncating linked inodes in ext4_orphan_cleanup(). * * Orphan list manipulation functions must be called under i_mutex unless * we are just creating the inode or deleting it. */ int ext4_orphan_add(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); struct ext4_iloc iloc; int err = 0, rc; bool dirty = false; if (!sbi->s_journal || is_bad_inode(inode)) return 0; WARN_ON_ONCE(!(inode->i_state & (I_NEW | I_FREEING)) && !inode_is_locked(inode)); /* * Exit early if inode already is on orphan list. This is a big speedup * since we don't have to contend on the global s_orphan_lock. */ if (!list_empty(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan)) return 0; /* * Orphan handling is only valid for files with data blocks * being truncated, or files being unlinked. Note that we either * hold i_mutex, or the inode can not be referenced from outside, * so i_nlink should not be bumped due to race */ J_ASSERT((S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) || inode->i_nlink == 0); BUFFER_TRACE(sbi->s_sbh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, sbi->s_sbh); if (err) goto out; err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, inode, &iloc); if (err) goto out; mutex_lock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); /* * Due to previous errors inode may be already a part of on-disk * orphan list. If so skip on-disk list modification. */ if (!NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) || NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) > (le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_inodes_count))) { /* Insert this inode at the head of the on-disk orphan list */ NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) = le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_last_orphan); sbi->s_es->s_last_orphan = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_ino); dirty = true; } list_add(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan, &sbi->s_orphan); mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); if (dirty) { err = ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb); rc = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc); if (!err) err = rc; if (err) { /* * We have to remove inode from in-memory list if * addition to on disk orphan list failed. Stray orphan * list entries can cause panics at unmount time. */ mutex_lock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); list_del_init(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_orphan); mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); } } else brelse(iloc.bh); jbd_debug(4, "superblock will point to %lu\n", inode->i_ino); jbd_debug(4, "orphan inode %lu will point to %d\n", inode->i_ino, NEXT_ORPHAN(inode)); out: ext4_std_error(sb, err); return err; } /* * ext4_orphan_del() removes an unlinked or truncated inode from the list * of such inodes stored on disk, because it is finally being cleaned up. */ int ext4_orphan_del(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode) { struct list_head *prev; struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode); struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); __u32 ino_next; struct ext4_iloc iloc; int err = 0; if (!sbi->s_journal && !(sbi->s_mount_state & EXT4_ORPHAN_FS)) return 0; WARN_ON_ONCE(!(inode->i_state & (I_NEW | I_FREEING)) && !inode_is_locked(inode)); /* Do this quick check before taking global s_orphan_lock. */ if (list_empty(&ei->i_orphan)) return 0; if (handle) { /* Grab inode buffer early before taking global s_orphan_lock */ err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, inode, &iloc); } mutex_lock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); jbd_debug(4, "remove inode %lu from orphan list\n", inode->i_ino); prev = ei->i_orphan.prev; list_del_init(&ei->i_orphan); /* If we're on an error path, we may not have a valid * transaction handle with which to update the orphan list on * disk, but we still need to remove the inode from the linked * list in memory. */ if (!handle || err) { mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); goto out_err; } ino_next = NEXT_ORPHAN(inode); if (prev == &sbi->s_orphan) { jbd_debug(4, "superblock will point to %u\n", ino_next); BUFFER_TRACE(sbi->s_sbh, "get_write_access"); err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, sbi->s_sbh); if (err) { mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); goto out_brelse; } sbi->s_es->s_last_orphan = cpu_to_le32(ino_next); mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); err = ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, inode->i_sb); } else { struct ext4_iloc iloc2; struct inode *i_prev = &list_entry(prev, struct ext4_inode_info, i_orphan)->vfs_inode; jbd_debug(4, "orphan inode %lu will point to %u\n", i_prev->i_ino, ino_next); err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, i_prev, &iloc2); if (err) { mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); goto out_brelse; } NEXT_ORPHAN(i_prev) = ino_next; err = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, i_prev, &iloc2); mutex_unlock(&sbi->s_orphan_lock); } if (err) goto out_brelse; NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) = 0; err = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc); out_err: ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, err); return err; out_brelse: brelse(iloc.bh); goto out_err; } static int ext4_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { int retval; struct inode *inode; struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; handle_t *handle = NULL; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)))) return -EIO; /* Initialize quotas before so that eventual writes go in * separate transaction */ retval = dquot_initialize(dir); if (retval) return retval; retval = dquot_initialize(d_inode(dentry)); if (retval) return retval; retval = -ENOENT; bh = ext4_find_entry(dir, &dentry->d_name, &de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); if (!bh) goto end_rmdir; inode = d_inode(dentry); retval = -EFSCORRUPTED; if (le32_to_cpu(de->inode) != inode->i_ino) goto end_rmdir; retval = -ENOTEMPTY; if (!ext4_empty_dir(inode)) goto end_rmdir; handle = ext4_journal_start(dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { retval = PTR_ERR(handle); handle = NULL; goto end_rmdir; } if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); retval = ext4_delete_entry(handle, dir, de, bh); if (retval) goto end_rmdir; if (!EXT4_DIR_LINK_EMPTY(inode)) ext4_warning_inode(inode, "empty directory '%.*s' has too many links (%u)", dentry->d_name.len, dentry->d_name.name, inode->i_nlink); inode_inc_iversion(inode); clear_nlink(inode); /* There's no need to set i_disksize: the fact that i_nlink is * zero will ensure that the right thing happens during any * recovery. */ inode->i_size = 0; ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); inode->i_ctime = dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = current_time(inode); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); if (retval) goto end_rmdir; ext4_dec_count(dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(dir); ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle, dentry); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE /* VFS negative dentries are incompatible with Encoding and * Case-insensitiveness. Eventually we'll want avoid * invalidating the dentries here, alongside with returning the * negative dentries at ext4_lookup(), when it is better * supported by the VFS for the CI case. */ if (IS_CASEFOLDED(dir)) d_invalidate(dentry); #endif end_rmdir: brelse(bh); if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); return retval; } int __ext4_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *d_name, struct inode *inode) { int retval = -ENOENT; struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; int skip_remove_dentry = 0; bh = ext4_find_entry(dir, d_name, &de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); if (!bh) return -ENOENT; if (le32_to_cpu(de->inode) != inode->i_ino) { /* * It's okay if we find dont find dentry which matches * the inode. That's because it might have gotten * renamed to a different inode number */ if (EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_FC_REPLAY) skip_remove_dentry = 1; else goto out; } if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); if (!skip_remove_dentry) { retval = ext4_delete_entry(handle, dir, de, bh); if (retval) goto out; dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = current_time(dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(dir); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, dir); if (retval) goto out; } else { retval = 0; } if (inode->i_nlink == 0) ext4_warning_inode(inode, "Deleting file '%.*s' with no links", d_name->len, d_name->name); else drop_nlink(inode); if (!inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); out: brelse(bh); return retval; } static int ext4_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { handle_t *handle; int retval; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)))) return -EIO; trace_ext4_unlink_enter(dir, dentry); /* * Initialize quotas before so that eventual writes go * in separate transaction */ retval = dquot_initialize(dir); if (retval) goto out_trace; retval = dquot_initialize(d_inode(dentry)); if (retval) goto out_trace; handle = ext4_journal_start(dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { retval = PTR_ERR(handle); goto out_trace; } retval = __ext4_unlink(handle, dir, &dentry->d_name, d_inode(dentry)); if (!retval) ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle, dentry); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE /* VFS negative dentries are incompatible with Encoding and * Case-insensitiveness. Eventually we'll want avoid * invalidating the dentries here, alongside with returning the * negative dentries at ext4_lookup(), when it is better * supported by the VFS for the CI case. */ if (IS_CASEFOLDED(dir)) d_invalidate(dentry); #endif if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); out_trace: trace_ext4_unlink_exit(dentry, retval); return retval; } static int ext4_symlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, const char *symname) { handle_t *handle; struct inode *inode; int err, len = strlen(symname); int credits; struct fscrypt_str disk_link; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(dir->i_sb)))) return -EIO; err = fscrypt_prepare_symlink(dir, symname, len, dir->i_sb->s_blocksize, &disk_link); if (err) return err; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; if ((disk_link.len > EXT4_N_BLOCKS * 4)) { /* * For non-fast symlinks, we just allocate inode and put it on * orphan list in the first transaction => we need bitmap, * group descriptor, sb, inode block, quota blocks, and * possibly selinux xattr blocks. */ credits = 4 + EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_INIT_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS; } else { /* * Fast symlink. We have to add entry to directory * (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS), * allocate new inode (bitmap, group descriptor, inode block, * quota blocks, sb is already counted in previous macros). */ credits = EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 3; } inode = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, S_IFLNK|S_IRWXUGO, &dentry->d_name, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); if (IS_ERR(inode)) { if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); return PTR_ERR(inode); } if (IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) { err = fscrypt_encrypt_symlink(inode, symname, len, &disk_link); if (err) goto err_drop_inode; inode->i_op = &ext4_encrypted_symlink_inode_operations; } if ((disk_link.len > EXT4_N_BLOCKS * 4)) { if (!IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) inode->i_op = &ext4_symlink_inode_operations; inode_nohighmem(inode); ext4_set_aops(inode); /* * We cannot call page_symlink() with transaction started * because it calls into ext4_write_begin() which can wait * for transaction commit if we are running out of space * and thus we deadlock. So we have to stop transaction now * and restart it when symlink contents is written. * * To keep fs consistent in case of crash, we have to put inode * to orphan list in the mean time. */ drop_nlink(inode); err = ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode); if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); handle = NULL; if (err) goto err_drop_inode; err = __page_symlink(inode, disk_link.name, disk_link.len, 1); if (err) goto err_drop_inode; /* * Now inode is being linked into dir (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS * + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS), inode is also modified */ handle = ext4_journal_start(dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 1); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { err = PTR_ERR(handle); handle = NULL; goto err_drop_inode; } set_nlink(inode, 1); err = ext4_orphan_del(handle, inode); if (err) goto err_drop_inode; } else { /* clear the extent format for fast symlink */ ext4_clear_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS); if (!IS_ENCRYPTED(inode)) { inode->i_op = &ext4_fast_symlink_inode_operations; inode->i_link = (char *)&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data; } memcpy((char *)&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data, disk_link.name, disk_link.len); inode->i_size = disk_link.len - 1; } EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = inode->i_size; err = ext4_add_nondir(handle, dentry, &inode); if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (inode) iput(inode); goto out_free_encrypted_link; err_drop_inode: if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); clear_nlink(inode); unlock_new_inode(inode); iput(inode); out_free_encrypted_link: if (disk_link.name != (unsigned char *)symname) kfree(disk_link.name); return err; } int __ext4_link(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { handle_t *handle; int err, retries = 0; retry: handle = ext4_journal_start(dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, (EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS) + 1); if (IS_ERR(handle)) return PTR_ERR(handle); if (IS_DIRSYNC(dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode); ext4_inc_count(inode); ihold(inode); err = ext4_add_entry(handle, dentry, inode); if (!err) { err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode); /* this can happen only for tmpfile being * linked the first time */ if (inode->i_nlink == 1) ext4_orphan_del(handle, inode); d_instantiate(dentry, inode); ext4_fc_track_link(handle, dentry); } else { drop_nlink(inode); iput(inode); } ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (err == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; return err; } static int ext4_link(struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(old_dentry); int err; if (inode->i_nlink >= EXT4_LINK_MAX) return -EMLINK; err = fscrypt_prepare_link(old_dentry, dir, dentry); if (err) return err; if ((ext4_test_inode_flag(dir, EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT)) && (!projid_eq(EXT4_I(dir)->i_projid, EXT4_I(old_dentry->d_inode)->i_projid))) return -EXDEV; err = dquot_initialize(dir); if (err) return err; return __ext4_link(dir, inode, dentry); } /* * Try to find buffer head where contains the parent block. * It should be the inode block if it is inlined or the 1st block * if it is a normal dir. */ static struct buffer_head *ext4_get_first_dir_block(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int *retval, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **parent_de, int *inlined) { struct buffer_head *bh; if (!ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) { /* The first directory block must not be a hole, so * treat it as DIRENT_HTREE */ bh = ext4_read_dirblock(inode, 0, DIRENT_HTREE); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { *retval = PTR_ERR(bh); return NULL; } *parent_de = ext4_next_entry( (struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *)bh->b_data, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize); return bh; } *inlined = 1; return ext4_get_first_inline_block(inode, parent_de, retval); } struct ext4_renament { struct inode *dir; struct dentry *dentry; struct inode *inode; bool is_dir; int dir_nlink_delta; /* entry for "dentry" */ struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; int inlined; /* entry for ".." in inode if it's a directory */ struct buffer_head *dir_bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *parent_de; int dir_inlined; }; static int ext4_rename_dir_prepare(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent) { int retval; ent->dir_bh = ext4_get_first_dir_block(handle, ent->inode, &retval, &ent->parent_de, &ent->dir_inlined); if (!ent->dir_bh) return retval; if (le32_to_cpu(ent->parent_de->inode) != ent->dir->i_ino) return -EFSCORRUPTED; BUFFER_TRACE(ent->dir_bh, "get_write_access"); return ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, ent->dir_bh); } static int ext4_rename_dir_finish(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent, unsigned dir_ino) { int retval; ent->parent_de->inode = cpu_to_le32(dir_ino); BUFFER_TRACE(ent->dir_bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); if (!ent->dir_inlined) { if (is_dx(ent->inode)) { retval = ext4_handle_dirty_dx_node(handle, ent->inode, ent->dir_bh); } else { retval = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, ent->inode, ent->dir_bh); } } else { retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, ent->inode); } if (retval) { ext4_std_error(ent->dir->i_sb, retval); return retval; } return 0; } static int ext4_setent(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent, unsigned ino, unsigned file_type) { int retval, retval2; BUFFER_TRACE(ent->bh, "get write access"); retval = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, ent->bh); if (retval) return retval; ent->de->inode = cpu_to_le32(ino); if (ext4_has_feature_filetype(ent->dir->i_sb)) ent->de->file_type = file_type; inode_inc_iversion(ent->dir); ent->dir->i_ctime = ent->dir->i_mtime = current_time(ent->dir); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, ent->dir); BUFFER_TRACE(ent->bh, "call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata"); if (!ent->inlined) { retval2 = ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle, ent->dir, ent->bh); if (unlikely(retval2)) { ext4_std_error(ent->dir->i_sb, retval2); return retval2; } } return retval; } static void ext4_resetent(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent, unsigned ino, unsigned file_type) { struct ext4_renament old = *ent; int retval = 0; /* * old->de could have moved from under us during make indexed dir, * so the old->de may no longer valid and need to find it again * before reset old inode info. */ old.bh = ext4_find_entry(old.dir, &old.dentry->d_name, &old.de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(old.bh)) retval = PTR_ERR(old.bh); if (!old.bh) retval = -ENOENT; if (retval) { ext4_std_error(old.dir->i_sb, retval); return; } ext4_setent(handle, &old, ino, file_type); brelse(old.bh); } static int ext4_find_delete_entry(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *d_name) { int retval = -ENOENT; struct buffer_head *bh; struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de; bh = ext4_find_entry(dir, d_name, &de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); if (bh) { retval = ext4_delete_entry(handle, dir, de, bh); brelse(bh); } return retval; } static void ext4_rename_delete(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent, int force_reread) { int retval; /* * ent->de could have moved from under us during htree split, so make * sure that we are deleting the right entry. We might also be pointing * to a stale entry in the unused part of ent->bh so just checking inum * and the name isn't enough. */ if (le32_to_cpu(ent->de->inode) != ent->inode->i_ino || ent->de->name_len != ent->dentry->d_name.len || strncmp(ent->de->name, ent->dentry->d_name.name, ent->de->name_len) || force_reread) { retval = ext4_find_delete_entry(handle, ent->dir, &ent->dentry->d_name); } else { retval = ext4_delete_entry(handle, ent->dir, ent->de, ent->bh); if (retval == -ENOENT) { retval = ext4_find_delete_entry(handle, ent->dir, &ent->dentry->d_name); } } if (retval) { ext4_warning_inode(ent->dir, "Deleting old file: nlink %d, error=%d", ent->dir->i_nlink, retval); } } static void ext4_update_dir_count(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_renament *ent) { if (ent->dir_nlink_delta) { if (ent->dir_nlink_delta == -1) ext4_dec_count(ent->dir); else ext4_inc_count(ent->dir); ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, ent->dir); } } static struct inode *ext4_whiteout_for_rename(struct ext4_renament *ent, int credits, handle_t **h) { struct inode *wh; handle_t *handle; int retries = 0; /* * for inode block, sb block, group summaries, * and inode bitmap */ credits += (EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(ent->dir->i_sb) + EXT4_XATTR_TRANS_BLOCKS + 4); retry: wh = ext4_new_inode_start_handle(ent->dir, S_IFCHR | WHITEOUT_MODE, &ent->dentry->d_name, 0, NULL, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); handle = ext4_journal_current_handle(); if (IS_ERR(wh)) { if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); if (PTR_ERR(wh) == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(ent->dir->i_sb, &retries)) goto retry; } else { *h = handle; init_special_inode(wh, wh->i_mode, WHITEOUT_DEV); wh->i_op = &ext4_special_inode_operations; } return wh; } /* * Anybody can rename anything with this: the permission checks are left to the * higher-level routines. * * n.b. old_{dentry,inode) refers to the source dentry/inode * while new_{dentry,inode) refers to the destination dentry/inode * This comes from rename(const char *oldpath, const char *newpath) */ static int ext4_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, unsigned int flags) { handle_t *handle = NULL; struct ext4_renament old = { .dir = old_dir, .dentry = old_dentry, .inode = d_inode(old_dentry), }; struct ext4_renament new = { .dir = new_dir, .dentry = new_dentry, .inode = d_inode(new_dentry), }; int force_reread; int retval; struct inode *whiteout = NULL; int credits; u8 old_file_type; if (new.inode && new.inode->i_nlink == 0) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(new.inode, "target of rename is already freed"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } if ((ext4_test_inode_flag(new_dir, EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT)) && (!projid_eq(EXT4_I(new_dir)->i_projid, EXT4_I(old_dentry->d_inode)->i_projid))) return -EXDEV; retval = dquot_initialize(old.dir); if (retval) return retval; retval = dquot_initialize(new.dir); if (retval) return retval; /* Initialize quotas before so that eventual writes go * in separate transaction */ if (new.inode) { retval = dquot_initialize(new.inode); if (retval) return retval; } old.bh = ext4_find_entry(old.dir, &old.dentry->d_name, &old.de, NULL); if (IS_ERR(old.bh)) return PTR_ERR(old.bh); /* * Check for inode number is _not_ due to possible IO errors. * We might rmdir the source, keep it as pwd of some process * and merrily kill the link to whatever was created under the * same name. Goodbye sticky bit ;-< */ retval = -ENOENT; if (!old.bh || le32_to_cpu(old.de->inode) != old.inode->i_ino) goto release_bh; new.bh = ext4_find_entry(new.dir, &new.dentry->d_name, &new.de, &new.inlined); if (IS_ERR(new.bh)) { retval = PTR_ERR(new.bh); new.bh = NULL; goto release_bh; } if (new.bh) { if (!new.inode) { brelse(new.bh); new.bh = NULL; } } if (new.inode && !test_opt(new.dir->i_sb, NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC)) ext4_alloc_da_blocks(old.inode); credits = (2 * EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(old.dir->i_sb) + EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 2); if (!(flags & RENAME_WHITEOUT)) { handle = ext4_journal_start(old.dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, credits); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { retval = PTR_ERR(handle); goto release_bh; } } else { whiteout = ext4_whiteout_for_rename(&old, credits, &handle); if (IS_ERR(whiteout)) { retval = PTR_ERR(whiteout); goto release_bh; } } old_file_type = old.de->file_type; if (IS_DIRSYNC(old.dir) || IS_DIRSYNC(new.dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); if (S_ISDIR(old.inode->i_mode)) { if (new.inode) { retval = -ENOTEMPTY; if (!ext4_empty_dir(new.inode)) goto end_rename; } else { retval = -EMLINK; if (new.dir != old.dir && EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(new.dir)) goto end_rename; } retval = ext4_rename_dir_prepare(handle, &old); if (retval) goto end_rename; } /* * If we're renaming a file within an inline_data dir and adding or * setting the new dirent causes a conversion from inline_data to * extents/blockmap, we need to force the dirent delete code to * re-read the directory, or else we end up trying to delete a dirent * from what is now the extent tree root (or a block map). */ force_reread = (new.dir->i_ino == old.dir->i_ino && ext4_test_inode_flag(new.dir, EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA)); if (whiteout) { /* * Do this before adding a new entry, so the old entry is sure * to be still pointing to the valid old entry. */ retval = ext4_setent(handle, &old, whiteout->i_ino, EXT4_FT_CHRDEV); if (retval) goto end_rename; retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, whiteout); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; } if (!new.bh) { retval = ext4_add_entry(handle, new.dentry, old.inode); if (retval) goto end_rename; } else { retval = ext4_setent(handle, &new, old.inode->i_ino, old_file_type); if (retval) goto end_rename; } if (force_reread) force_reread = !ext4_test_inode_flag(new.dir, EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA); /* * Like most other Unix systems, set the ctime for inodes on a * rename. */ old.inode->i_ctime = current_time(old.inode); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, old.inode); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; if (!whiteout) { /* * ok, that's it */ ext4_rename_delete(handle, &old, force_reread); } if (new.inode) { ext4_dec_count(new.inode); new.inode->i_ctime = current_time(new.inode); } old.dir->i_ctime = old.dir->i_mtime = current_time(old.dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(old.dir); if (old.dir_bh) { retval = ext4_rename_dir_finish(handle, &old, new.dir->i_ino); if (retval) goto end_rename; ext4_dec_count(old.dir); if (new.inode) { /* checked ext4_empty_dir above, can't have another * parent, ext4_dec_count() won't work for many-linked * dirs */ clear_nlink(new.inode); } else { ext4_inc_count(new.dir); ext4_update_dx_flag(new.dir); retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, new.dir); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; } } retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, old.dir); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; if (S_ISDIR(old.inode->i_mode)) { /* * We disable fast commits here that's because the * replay code is not yet capable of changing dot dot * dirents in directories. */ ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(old.inode->i_sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_RENAME_DIR); } else { if (new.inode) ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle, new.dentry); __ext4_fc_track_link(handle, old.inode, new.dentry); __ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle, old.inode, old.dentry); if (whiteout) __ext4_fc_track_create(handle, whiteout, old.dentry); } if (new.inode) { retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, new.inode); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; if (!new.inode->i_nlink) ext4_orphan_add(handle, new.inode); } retval = 0; end_rename: if (whiteout) { if (retval) { ext4_resetent(handle, &old, old.inode->i_ino, old_file_type); drop_nlink(whiteout); ext4_orphan_add(handle, whiteout); } unlock_new_inode(whiteout); ext4_journal_stop(handle); iput(whiteout); } else { ext4_journal_stop(handle); } release_bh: brelse(old.dir_bh); brelse(old.bh); brelse(new.bh); return retval; } static int ext4_cross_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry) { handle_t *handle = NULL; struct ext4_renament old = { .dir = old_dir, .dentry = old_dentry, .inode = d_inode(old_dentry), }; struct ext4_renament new = { .dir = new_dir, .dentry = new_dentry, .inode = d_inode(new_dentry), }; u8 new_file_type; int retval; struct timespec64 ctime; if ((ext4_test_inode_flag(new_dir, EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT) && !projid_eq(EXT4_I(new_dir)->i_projid, EXT4_I(old_dentry->d_inode)->i_projid)) || (ext4_test_inode_flag(old_dir, EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT) && !projid_eq(EXT4_I(old_dir)->i_projid, EXT4_I(new_dentry->d_inode)->i_projid))) return -EXDEV; retval = dquot_initialize(old.dir); if (retval) return retval; retval = dquot_initialize(new.dir); if (retval) return retval; old.bh = ext4_find_entry(old.dir, &old.dentry->d_name, &old.de, &old.inlined); if (IS_ERR(old.bh)) return PTR_ERR(old.bh); /* * Check for inode number is _not_ due to possible IO errors. * We might rmdir the source, keep it as pwd of some process * and merrily kill the link to whatever was created under the * same name. Goodbye sticky bit ;-< */ retval = -ENOENT; if (!old.bh || le32_to_cpu(old.de->inode) != old.inode->i_ino) goto end_rename; new.bh = ext4_find_entry(new.dir, &new.dentry->d_name, &new.de, &new.inlined); if (IS_ERR(new.bh)) { retval = PTR_ERR(new.bh); new.bh = NULL; goto end_rename; } /* RENAME_EXCHANGE case: old *and* new must both exist */ if (!new.bh || le32_to_cpu(new.de->inode) != new.inode->i_ino) goto end_rename; handle = ext4_journal_start(old.dir, EXT4_HT_DIR, (2 * EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(old.dir->i_sb) + 2 * EXT4_INDEX_EXTRA_TRANS_BLOCKS + 2)); if (IS_ERR(handle)) { retval = PTR_ERR(handle); handle = NULL; goto end_rename; } if (IS_DIRSYNC(old.dir) || IS_DIRSYNC(new.dir)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); if (S_ISDIR(old.inode->i_mode)) { old.is_dir = true; retval = ext4_rename_dir_prepare(handle, &old); if (retval) goto end_rename; } if (S_ISDIR(new.inode->i_mode)) { new.is_dir = true; retval = ext4_rename_dir_prepare(handle, &new); if (retval) goto end_rename; } /* * Other than the special case of overwriting a directory, parents' * nlink only needs to be modified if this is a cross directory rename. */ if (old.dir != new.dir && old.is_dir != new.is_dir) { old.dir_nlink_delta = old.is_dir ? -1 : 1; new.dir_nlink_delta = -old.dir_nlink_delta; retval = -EMLINK; if ((old.dir_nlink_delta > 0 && EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(old.dir)) || (new.dir_nlink_delta > 0 && EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(new.dir))) goto end_rename; } new_file_type = new.de->file_type; retval = ext4_setent(handle, &new, old.inode->i_ino, old.de->file_type); if (retval) goto end_rename; retval = ext4_setent(handle, &old, new.inode->i_ino, new_file_type); if (retval) goto end_rename; /* * Like most other Unix systems, set the ctime for inodes on a * rename. */ ctime = current_time(old.inode); old.inode->i_ctime = ctime; new.inode->i_ctime = ctime; retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, old.inode); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; retval = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, new.inode); if (unlikely(retval)) goto end_rename; ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(new.inode->i_sb, EXT4_FC_REASON_CROSS_RENAME); if (old.dir_bh) { retval = ext4_rename_dir_finish(handle, &old, new.dir->i_ino); if (retval) goto end_rename; } if (new.dir_bh) { retval = ext4_rename_dir_finish(handle, &new, old.dir->i_ino); if (retval) goto end_rename; } ext4_update_dir_count(handle, &old); ext4_update_dir_count(handle, &new); retval = 0; end_rename: brelse(old.dir_bh); brelse(new.dir_bh); brelse(old.bh); brelse(new.bh); if (handle) ext4_journal_stop(handle); return retval; } static int ext4_rename2(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry, unsigned int flags) { int err; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(old_dir->i_sb)))) return -EIO; if (flags & ~(RENAME_NOREPLACE | RENAME_EXCHANGE | RENAME_WHITEOUT)) return -EINVAL; err = fscrypt_prepare_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, flags); if (err) return err; if (flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE) { return ext4_cross_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry); } return ext4_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, flags); } /* * directories can handle most operations... */ const struct inode_operations ext4_dir_inode_operations = { .create = ext4_create, .lookup = ext4_lookup, .link = ext4_link, .unlink = ext4_unlink, .symlink = ext4_symlink, .mkdir = ext4_mkdir, .rmdir = ext4_rmdir, .mknod = ext4_mknod, .tmpfile = ext4_tmpfile, .rename = ext4_rename2, .setattr = ext4_setattr, .getattr = ext4_getattr, .listxattr = ext4_listxattr, .get_acl = ext4_get_acl, .set_acl = ext4_set_acl, .fiemap = ext4_fiemap, }; const struct inode_operations ext4_special_inode_operations = { .setattr = ext4_setattr, .getattr = ext4_getattr, .listxattr = ext4_listxattr, .get_acl = ext4_get_acl, .set_acl = ext4_set_acl, };
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4622 4623 4624 4625 4626 4627 4628 4629 4630 4631 4632 4633 4634 4635 4636 4637 4638 4639 4640 4641 4642 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Definitions for the 'struct sk_buff' memory handlers. * * Authors: * Alan Cox, <gw4pts@gw4pts.ampr.org> * Florian La Roche, <rzsfl@rz.uni-sb.de> */ #ifndef _LINUX_SKBUFF_H #define _LINUX_SKBUFF_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/bvec.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <asm/types.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/net.h> #include <linux/textsearch.h> #include <net/checksum.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/dma-mapping.h> #include <linux/netdev_features.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <net/flow_dissector.h> #include <linux/splice.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/if_packet.h> #include <net/flow.h> #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_common.h> #endif /* The interface for checksum offload between the stack and networking drivers * is as follows... * * A. IP checksum related features * * Drivers advertise checksum offload capabilities in the features of a device. * From the stack's point of view these are capabilities offered by the driver. * A driver typically only advertises features that it is capable of offloading * to its device. * * The checksum related features are: * * NETIF_F_HW_CSUM - The driver (or its device) is able to compute one * IP (one's complement) checksum for any combination * of protocols or protocol layering. The checksum is * computed and set in a packet per the CHECKSUM_PARTIAL * interface (see below). * * NETIF_F_IP_CSUM - Driver (device) is only able to checksum plain * TCP or UDP packets over IPv4. These are specifically * unencapsulated packets of the form IPv4|TCP or * IPv4|UDP where the Protocol field in the IPv4 header * is TCP or UDP. The IPv4 header may contain IP options. * This feature cannot be set in features for a device * with NETIF_F_HW_CSUM also set. This feature is being * DEPRECATED (see below). * * NETIF_F_IPV6_CSUM - Driver (device) is only able to checksum plain * TCP or UDP packets over IPv6. These are specifically * unencapsulated packets of the form IPv6|TCP or * IPv6|UDP where the Next Header field in the IPv6 * header is either TCP or UDP. IPv6 extension headers * are not supported with this feature. This feature * cannot be set in features for a device with * NETIF_F_HW_CSUM also set. This feature is being * DEPRECATED (see below). * * NETIF_F_RXCSUM - Driver (device) performs receive checksum offload. * This flag is only used to disable the RX checksum * feature for a device. The stack will accept receive * checksum indication in packets received on a device * regardless of whether NETIF_F_RXCSUM is set. * * B. Checksumming of received packets by device. Indication of checksum * verification is set in skb->ip_summed. Possible values are: * * CHECKSUM_NONE: * * Device did not checksum this packet e.g. due to lack of capabilities. * The packet contains full (though not verified) checksum in packet but * not in skb->csum. Thus, skb->csum is undefined in this case. * * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY: * * The hardware you're dealing with doesn't calculate the full checksum * (as in CHECKSUM_COMPLETE), but it does parse headers and verify checksums * for specific protocols. For such packets it will set CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY * if their checksums are okay. skb->csum is still undefined in this case * though. A driver or device must never modify the checksum field in the * packet even if checksum is verified. * * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY is applicable to following protocols: * TCP: IPv6 and IPv4. * UDP: IPv4 and IPv6. A device may apply CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY to a * zero UDP checksum for either IPv4 or IPv6, the networking stack * may perform further validation in this case. * GRE: only if the checksum is present in the header. * SCTP: indicates the CRC in SCTP header has been validated. * FCOE: indicates the CRC in FC frame has been validated. * * skb->csum_level indicates the number of consecutive checksums found in * the packet minus one that have been verified as CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY. * For instance if a device receives an IPv6->UDP->GRE->IPv4->TCP packet * and a device is able to verify the checksums for UDP (possibly zero), * GRE (checksum flag is set) and TCP, skb->csum_level would be set to * two. If the device were only able to verify the UDP checksum and not * GRE, either because it doesn't support GRE checksum or because GRE * checksum is bad, skb->csum_level would be set to zero (TCP checksum is * not considered in this case). * * CHECKSUM_COMPLETE: * * This is the most generic way. The device supplied checksum of the _whole_ * packet as seen by netif_rx() and fills in skb->csum. This means the * hardware doesn't need to parse L3/L4 headers to implement this. * * Notes: * - Even if device supports only some protocols, but is able to produce * skb->csum, it MUST use CHECKSUM_COMPLETE, not CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY. * - CHECKSUM_COMPLETE is not applicable to SCTP and FCoE protocols. * * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL: * * A checksum is set up to be offloaded to a device as described in the * output description for CHECKSUM_PARTIAL. This may occur on a packet * received directly from another Linux OS, e.g., a virtualized Linux kernel * on the same host, or it may be set in the input path in GRO or remote * checksum offload. For the purposes of checksum verification, the checksum * referred to by skb->csum_start + skb->csum_offset and any preceding * checksums in the packet are considered verified. Any checksums in the * packet that are after the checksum being offloaded are not considered to * be verified. * * C. Checksumming on transmit for non-GSO. The stack requests checksum offload * in the skb->ip_summed for a packet. Values are: * * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL: * * The driver is required to checksum the packet as seen by hard_start_xmit() * from skb->csum_start up to the end, and to record/write the checksum at * offset skb->csum_start + skb->csum_offset. A driver may verify that the * csum_start and csum_offset values are valid values given the length and * offset of the packet, but it should not attempt to validate that the * checksum refers to a legitimate transport layer checksum -- it is the * purview of the stack to validate that csum_start and csum_offset are set * correctly. * * When the stack requests checksum offload for a packet, the driver MUST * ensure that the checksum is set correctly. A driver can either offload the * checksum calculation to the device, or call skb_checksum_help (in the case * that the device does not support offload for a particular checksum). * * NETIF_F_IP_CSUM and NETIF_F_IPV6_CSUM are being deprecated in favor of * NETIF_F_HW_CSUM. New devices should use NETIF_F_HW_CSUM to indicate * checksum offload capability. * skb_csum_hwoffload_help() can be called to resolve CHECKSUM_PARTIAL based * on network device checksumming capabilities: if a packet does not match * them, skb_checksum_help or skb_crc32c_help (depending on the value of * csum_not_inet, see item D.) is called to resolve the checksum. * * CHECKSUM_NONE: * * The skb was already checksummed by the protocol, or a checksum is not * required. * * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY: * * This has the same meaning as CHECKSUM_NONE for checksum offload on * output. * * CHECKSUM_COMPLETE: * Not used in checksum output. If a driver observes a packet with this value * set in skbuff, it should treat the packet as if CHECKSUM_NONE were set. * * D. Non-IP checksum (CRC) offloads * * NETIF_F_SCTP_CRC - This feature indicates that a device is capable of * offloading the SCTP CRC in a packet. To perform this offload the stack * will set csum_start and csum_offset accordingly, set ip_summed to * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL and set csum_not_inet to 1, to provide an indication in * the skbuff that the CHECKSUM_PARTIAL refers to CRC32c. * A driver that supports both IP checksum offload and SCTP CRC32c offload * must verify which offload is configured for a packet by testing the * value of skb->csum_not_inet; skb_crc32c_csum_help is provided to resolve * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL on skbs where csum_not_inet is set to 1. * * NETIF_F_FCOE_CRC - This feature indicates that a device is capable of * offloading the FCOE CRC in a packet. To perform this offload the stack * will set ip_summed to CHECKSUM_PARTIAL and set csum_start and csum_offset * accordingly. Note that there is no indication in the skbuff that the * CHECKSUM_PARTIAL refers to an FCOE checksum, so a driver that supports * both IP checksum offload and FCOE CRC offload must verify which offload * is configured for a packet, presumably by inspecting packet headers. * * E. Checksumming on output with GSO. * * In the case of a GSO packet (skb_is_gso(skb) is true), checksum offload * is implied by the SKB_GSO_* flags in gso_type. Most obviously, if the * gso_type is SKB_GSO_TCPV4 or SKB_GSO_TCPV6, TCP checksum offload as * part of the GSO operation is implied. If a checksum is being offloaded * with GSO then ip_summed is CHECKSUM_PARTIAL, and both csum_start and * csum_offset are set to refer to the outermost checksum being offloaded * (two offloaded checksums are possible with UDP encapsulation). */ /* Don't change this without changing skb_csum_unnecessary! */ #define CHECKSUM_NONE 0 #define CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY 1 #define CHECKSUM_COMPLETE 2 #define CHECKSUM_PARTIAL 3 /* Maximum value in skb->csum_level */ #define SKB_MAX_CSUM_LEVEL 3 #define SKB_DATA_ALIGN(X) ALIGN(X, SMP_CACHE_BYTES) #define SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD(X) \ ((X) - SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct skb_shared_info))) #define SKB_MAX_ORDER(X, ORDER) \ SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD((PAGE_SIZE << (ORDER)) - (X)) #define SKB_MAX_HEAD(X) (SKB_MAX_ORDER((X), 0)) #define SKB_MAX_ALLOC (SKB_MAX_ORDER(0, 2)) /* return minimum truesize of one skb containing X bytes of data */ #define SKB_TRUESIZE(X) ((X) + \ SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct sk_buff)) + \ SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct skb_shared_info))) struct ahash_request; struct net_device; struct scatterlist; struct pipe_inode_info; struct iov_iter; struct napi_struct; struct bpf_prog; union bpf_attr; struct skb_ext; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BRIDGE_NETFILTER) struct nf_bridge_info { enum { BRNF_PROTO_UNCHANGED, BRNF_PROTO_8021Q, BRNF_PROTO_PPPOE } orig_proto:8; u8 pkt_otherhost:1; u8 in_prerouting:1; u8 bridged_dnat:1; __u16 frag_max_size; struct net_device *physindev; /* always valid & non-NULL from FORWARD on, for physdev match */ struct net_device *physoutdev; union { /* prerouting: detect dnat in orig/reply direction */ __be32 ipv4_daddr; struct in6_addr ipv6_daddr; /* after prerouting + nat detected: store original source * mac since neigh resolution overwrites it, only used while * skb is out in neigh layer. */ char neigh_header[8]; }; }; #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_TC_SKB_EXT) /* Chain in tc_skb_ext will be used to share the tc chain with * ovs recirc_id. It will be set to the current chain by tc * and read by ovs to recirc_id. */ struct tc_skb_ext { __u32 chain; __u16 mru; }; #endif struct sk_buff_head { /* These two members must be first. */ struct sk_buff *next; struct sk_buff *prev; __u32 qlen; spinlock_t lock; }; struct sk_buff; /* To allow 64K frame to be packed as single skb without frag_list we * require 64K/PAGE_SIZE pages plus 1 additional page to allow for * buffers which do not start on a page boundary. * * Since GRO uses frags we allocate at least 16 regardless of page * size. */ #if (65536/PAGE_SIZE + 1) < 16 #define MAX_SKB_FRAGS 16UL #else #define MAX_SKB_FRAGS (65536/PAGE_SIZE + 1) #endif extern int sysctl_max_skb_frags; /* Set skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size to this in case you want skb_segment to * segment using its current segmentation instead. */ #define GSO_BY_FRAGS 0xFFFF typedef struct bio_vec skb_frag_t; /** * skb_frag_size() - Returns the size of a skb fragment * @frag: skb fragment */ static inline unsigned int skb_frag_size(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return frag->bv_len; } /** * skb_frag_size_set() - Sets the size of a skb fragment * @frag: skb fragment * @size: size of fragment */ static inline void skb_frag_size_set(skb_frag_t *frag, unsigned int size) { frag->bv_len = size; } /** * skb_frag_size_add() - Increments the size of a skb fragment by @delta * @frag: skb fragment * @delta: value to add */ static inline void skb_frag_size_add(skb_frag_t *frag, int delta) { frag->bv_len += delta; } /** * skb_frag_size_sub() - Decrements the size of a skb fragment by @delta * @frag: skb fragment * @delta: value to subtract */ static inline void skb_frag_size_sub(skb_frag_t *frag, int delta) { frag->bv_len -= delta; } /** * skb_frag_must_loop - Test if %p is a high memory page * @p: fragment's page */ static inline bool skb_frag_must_loop(struct page *p) { #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) if (PageHighMem(p)) return true; #endif return false; } /** * skb_frag_foreach_page - loop over pages in a fragment * * @f: skb frag to operate on * @f_off: offset from start of f->bv_page * @f_len: length from f_off to loop over * @p: (temp var) current page * @p_off: (temp var) offset from start of current page, * non-zero only on first page. * @p_len: (temp var) length in current page, * < PAGE_SIZE only on first and last page. * @copied: (temp var) length so far, excluding current p_len. * * A fragment can hold a compound page, in which case per-page * operations, notably kmap_atomic, must be called for each * regular page. */ #define skb_frag_foreach_page(f, f_off, f_len, p, p_off, p_len, copied) \ for (p = skb_frag_page(f) + ((f_off) >> PAGE_SHIFT), \ p_off = (f_off) & (PAGE_SIZE - 1), \ p_len = skb_frag_must_loop(p) ? \ min_t(u32, f_len, PAGE_SIZE - p_off) : f_len, \ copied = 0; \ copied < f_len; \ copied += p_len, p++, p_off = 0, \ p_len = min_t(u32, f_len - copied, PAGE_SIZE)) \ #define HAVE_HW_TIME_STAMP /** * struct skb_shared_hwtstamps - hardware time stamps * @hwtstamp: hardware time stamp transformed into duration * since arbitrary point in time * * Software time stamps generated by ktime_get_real() are stored in * skb->tstamp. * * hwtstamps can only be compared against other hwtstamps from * the same device. * * This structure is attached to packets as part of the * &skb_shared_info. Use skb_hwtstamps() to get a pointer. */ struct skb_shared_hwtstamps { ktime_t hwtstamp; }; /* Definitions for tx_flags in struct skb_shared_info */ enum { /* generate hardware time stamp */ SKBTX_HW_TSTAMP = 1 << 0, /* generate software time stamp when queueing packet to NIC */ SKBTX_SW_TSTAMP = 1 << 1, /* device driver is going to provide hardware time stamp */ SKBTX_IN_PROGRESS = 1 << 2, /* device driver supports TX zero-copy buffers */ SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY = 1 << 3, /* generate wifi status information (where possible) */ SKBTX_WIFI_STATUS = 1 << 4, /* This indicates at least one fragment might be overwritten * (as in vmsplice(), sendfile() ...) * If we need to compute a TX checksum, we'll need to copy * all frags to avoid possible bad checksum */ SKBTX_SHARED_FRAG = 1 << 5, /* generate software time stamp when entering packet scheduling */ SKBTX_SCHED_TSTAMP = 1 << 6, }; #define SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG (SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY | SKBTX_SHARED_FRAG) #define SKBTX_ANY_SW_TSTAMP (SKBTX_SW_TSTAMP | \ SKBTX_SCHED_TSTAMP) #define SKBTX_ANY_TSTAMP (SKBTX_HW_TSTAMP | SKBTX_ANY_SW_TSTAMP) /* * The callback notifies userspace to release buffers when skb DMA is done in * lower device, the skb last reference should be 0 when calling this. * The zerocopy_success argument is true if zero copy transmit occurred, * false on data copy or out of memory error caused by data copy attempt. * The ctx field is used to track device context. * The desc field is used to track userspace buffer index. */ struct ubuf_info { void (*callback)(struct ubuf_info *, bool zerocopy_success); union { struct { unsigned long desc; void *ctx; }; struct { u32 id; u16 len; u16 zerocopy:1; u32 bytelen; }; }; refcount_t refcnt; struct mmpin { struct user_struct *user; unsigned int num_pg; } mmp; }; #define skb_uarg(SKB) ((struct ubuf_info *)(skb_shinfo(SKB)->destructor_arg)) int mm_account_pinned_pages(struct mmpin *mmp, size_t size); void mm_unaccount_pinned_pages(struct mmpin *mmp); struct ubuf_info *sock_zerocopy_alloc(struct sock *sk, size_t size); struct ubuf_info *sock_zerocopy_realloc(struct sock *sk, size_t size, struct ubuf_info *uarg); static inline void sock_zerocopy_get(struct ubuf_info *uarg) { refcount_inc(&uarg->refcnt); } void sock_zerocopy_put(struct ubuf_info *uarg); void sock_zerocopy_put_abort(struct ubuf_info *uarg, bool have_uref); void sock_zerocopy_callback(struct ubuf_info *uarg, bool success); int skb_zerocopy_iter_dgram(struct sk_buff *skb, struct msghdr *msg, int len); int skb_zerocopy_iter_stream(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct msghdr *msg, int len, struct ubuf_info *uarg); /* This data is invariant across clones and lives at * the end of the header data, ie. at skb->end. */ struct skb_shared_info { __u8 __unused; __u8 meta_len; __u8 nr_frags; __u8 tx_flags; unsigned short gso_size; /* Warning: this field is not always filled in (UFO)! */ unsigned short gso_segs; struct sk_buff *frag_list; struct skb_shared_hwtstamps hwtstamps; unsigned int gso_type; u32 tskey; /* * Warning : all fields before dataref are cleared in __alloc_skb() */ atomic_t dataref; /* Intermediate layers must ensure that destructor_arg * remains valid until skb destructor */ void * destructor_arg; /* must be last field, see pskb_expand_head() */ skb_frag_t frags[MAX_SKB_FRAGS]; }; /* We divide dataref into two halves. The higher 16 bits hold references * to the payload part of skb->data. The lower 16 bits hold references to * the entire skb->data. A clone of a headerless skb holds the length of * the header in skb->hdr_len. * * All users must obey the rule that the skb->data reference count must be * greater than or equal to the payload reference count. * * Holding a reference to the payload part means that the user does not * care about modifications to the header part of skb->data. */ #define SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT 16 #define SKB_DATAREF_MASK ((1 << SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT) - 1) enum { SKB_FCLONE_UNAVAILABLE, /* skb has no fclone (from head_cache) */ SKB_FCLONE_ORIG, /* orig skb (from fclone_cache) */ SKB_FCLONE_CLONE, /* companion fclone skb (from fclone_cache) */ }; enum { SKB_GSO_TCPV4 = 1 << 0, /* This indicates the skb is from an untrusted source. */ SKB_GSO_DODGY = 1 << 1, /* This indicates the tcp segment has CWR set. */ SKB_GSO_TCP_ECN = 1 << 2, SKB_GSO_TCP_FIXEDID = 1 << 3, SKB_GSO_TCPV6 = 1 << 4, SKB_GSO_FCOE = 1 << 5, SKB_GSO_GRE = 1 << 6, SKB_GSO_GRE_CSUM = 1 << 7, SKB_GSO_IPXIP4 = 1 << 8, SKB_GSO_IPXIP6 = 1 << 9, SKB_GSO_UDP_TUNNEL = 1 << 10, SKB_GSO_UDP_TUNNEL_CSUM = 1 << 11, SKB_GSO_PARTIAL = 1 << 12, SKB_GSO_TUNNEL_REMCSUM = 1 << 13, SKB_GSO_SCTP = 1 << 14, SKB_GSO_ESP = 1 << 15, SKB_GSO_UDP = 1 << 16, SKB_GSO_UDP_L4 = 1 << 17, SKB_GSO_FRAGLIST = 1 << 18, }; #if BITS_PER_LONG > 32 #define NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET 1 #endif #ifdef NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET typedef unsigned int sk_buff_data_t; #else typedef unsigned char *sk_buff_data_t; #endif /** * struct sk_buff - socket buffer * @next: Next buffer in list * @prev: Previous buffer in list * @tstamp: Time we arrived/left * @skb_mstamp_ns: (aka @tstamp) earliest departure time; start point * for retransmit timer * @rbnode: RB tree node, alternative to next/prev for netem/tcp * @list: queue head * @sk: Socket we are owned by * @ip_defrag_offset: (aka @sk) alternate use of @sk, used in * fragmentation management * @dev: Device we arrived on/are leaving by * @dev_scratch: (aka @dev) alternate use of @dev when @dev would be %NULL * @cb: Control buffer. Free for use by every layer. Put private vars here * @_skb_refdst: destination entry (with norefcount bit) * @sp: the security path, used for xfrm * @len: Length of actual data * @data_len: Data length * @mac_len: Length of link layer header * @hdr_len: writable header length of cloned skb * @csum: Checksum (must include start/offset pair) * @csum_start: Offset from skb->head where checksumming should start * @csum_offset: Offset from csum_start where checksum should be stored * @priority: Packet queueing priority * @ignore_df: allow local fragmentation * @cloned: Head may be cloned (check refcnt to be sure) * @ip_summed: Driver fed us an IP checksum * @nohdr: Payload reference only, must not modify header * @pkt_type: Packet class * @fclone: skbuff clone status * @ipvs_property: skbuff is owned by ipvs * @inner_protocol_type: whether the inner protocol is * ENCAP_TYPE_ETHER or ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO * @remcsum_offload: remote checksum offload is enabled * @offload_fwd_mark: Packet was L2-forwarded in hardware * @offload_l3_fwd_mark: Packet was L3-forwarded in hardware * @tc_skip_classify: do not classify packet. set by IFB device * @tc_at_ingress: used within tc_classify to distinguish in/egress * @redirected: packet was redirected by packet classifier * @from_ingress: packet was redirected from the ingress path * @peeked: this packet has been seen already, so stats have been * done for it, don't do them again * @nf_trace: netfilter packet trace flag * @protocol: Packet protocol from driver * @destructor: Destruct function * @tcp_tsorted_anchor: list structure for TCP (tp->tsorted_sent_queue) * @_nfct: Associated connection, if any (with nfctinfo bits) * @nf_bridge: Saved data about a bridged frame - see br_netfilter.c * @skb_iif: ifindex of device we arrived on * @tc_index: Traffic control index * @hash: the packet hash * @queue_mapping: Queue mapping for multiqueue devices * @head_frag: skb was allocated from page fragments, * not allocated by kmalloc() or vmalloc(). * @pfmemalloc: skbuff was allocated from PFMEMALLOC reserves * @active_extensions: active extensions (skb_ext_id types) * @ndisc_nodetype: router type (from link layer) * @ooo_okay: allow the mapping of a socket to a queue to be changed * @l4_hash: indicate hash is a canonical 4-tuple hash over transport * ports. * @sw_hash: indicates hash was computed in software stack * @wifi_acked_valid: wifi_acked was set * @wifi_acked: whether frame was acked on wifi or not * @no_fcs: Request NIC to treat last 4 bytes as Ethernet FCS * @encapsulation: indicates the inner headers in the skbuff are valid * @encap_hdr_csum: software checksum is needed * @csum_valid: checksum is already valid * @csum_not_inet: use CRC32c to resolve CHECKSUM_PARTIAL * @csum_complete_sw: checksum was completed by software * @csum_level: indicates the number of consecutive checksums found in * the packet minus one that have been verified as * CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY (max 3) * @dst_pending_confirm: need to confirm neighbour * @decrypted: Decrypted SKB * @napi_id: id of the NAPI struct this skb came from * @sender_cpu: (aka @napi_id) source CPU in XPS * @secmark: security marking * @mark: Generic packet mark * @reserved_tailroom: (aka @mark) number of bytes of free space available * at the tail of an sk_buff * @vlan_present: VLAN tag is present * @vlan_proto: vlan encapsulation protocol * @vlan_tci: vlan tag control information * @inner_protocol: Protocol (encapsulation) * @inner_ipproto: (aka @inner_protocol) stores ipproto when * skb->inner_protocol_type == ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO; * @inner_transport_header: Inner transport layer header (encapsulation) * @inner_network_header: Network layer header (encapsulation) * @inner_mac_header: Link layer header (encapsulation) * @transport_header: Transport layer header * @network_header: Network layer header * @mac_header: Link layer header * @tail: Tail pointer * @end: End pointer * @head: Head of buffer * @data: Data head pointer * @truesize: Buffer size * @users: User count - see {datagram,tcp}.c * @extensions: allocated extensions, valid if active_extensions is nonzero */ struct sk_buff { union { struct { /* These two members must be first. */ struct sk_buff *next; struct sk_buff *prev; union { struct net_device *dev; /* Some protocols might use this space to store information, * while device pointer would be NULL. * UDP receive path is one user. */ unsigned long dev_scratch; }; }; struct rb_node rbnode; /* used in netem, ip4 defrag, and tcp stack */ struct list_head list; }; union { struct sock *sk; int ip_defrag_offset; }; union { ktime_t tstamp; u64 skb_mstamp_ns; /* earliest departure time */ }; /* * This is the control buffer. It is free to use for every * layer. Please put your private variables there. If you * want to keep them across layers you have to do a skb_clone() * first. This is owned by whoever has the skb queued ATM. */ char cb[48] __aligned(8); union { struct { unsigned long _skb_refdst; void (*destructor)(struct sk_buff *skb); }; struct list_head tcp_tsorted_anchor; }; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) unsigned long _nfct; #endif unsigned int len, data_len; __u16 mac_len, hdr_len; /* Following fields are _not_ copied in __copy_skb_header() * Note that queue_mapping is here mostly to fill a hole. */ __u16 queue_mapping; /* if you move cloned around you also must adapt those constants */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #define CLONED_MASK (1 << 7) #else #define CLONED_MASK 1 #endif #define CLONED_OFFSET() offsetof(struct sk_buff, __cloned_offset) /* private: */ __u8 __cloned_offset[0]; /* public: */ __u8 cloned:1, nohdr:1, fclone:2, peeked:1, head_frag:1, pfmemalloc:1; #ifdef CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS __u8 active_extensions; #endif /* fields enclosed in headers_start/headers_end are copied * using a single memcpy() in __copy_skb_header() */ /* private: */ __u32 headers_start[0]; /* public: */ /* if you move pkt_type around you also must adapt those constants */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #define PKT_TYPE_MAX (7 << 5) #else #define PKT_TYPE_MAX 7 #endif #define PKT_TYPE_OFFSET() offsetof(struct sk_buff, __pkt_type_offset) /* private: */ __u8 __pkt_type_offset[0]; /* public: */ __u8 pkt_type:3; __u8 ignore_df:1; __u8 nf_trace:1; __u8 ip_summed:2; __u8 ooo_okay:1; __u8 l4_hash:1; __u8 sw_hash:1; __u8 wifi_acked_valid:1; __u8 wifi_acked:1; __u8 no_fcs:1; /* Indicates the inner headers are valid in the skbuff. */ __u8 encapsulation:1; __u8 encap_hdr_csum:1; __u8 csum_valid:1; #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN_BITFIELD #define PKT_VLAN_PRESENT_BIT 7 #else #define PKT_VLAN_PRESENT_BIT 0 #endif #define PKT_VLAN_PRESENT_OFFSET() offsetof(struct sk_buff, __pkt_vlan_present_offset) /* private: */ __u8 __pkt_vlan_present_offset[0]; /* public: */ __u8 vlan_present:1; __u8 csum_complete_sw:1; __u8 csum_level:2; __u8 csum_not_inet:1; __u8 dst_pending_confirm:1; #ifdef CONFIG_IPV6_NDISC_NODETYPE __u8 ndisc_nodetype:2; #endif __u8 ipvs_property:1; __u8 inner_protocol_type:1; __u8 remcsum_offload:1; #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SWITCHDEV __u8 offload_fwd_mark:1; __u8 offload_l3_fwd_mark:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT __u8 tc_skip_classify:1; __u8 tc_at_ingress:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT __u8 redirected:1; __u8 from_ingress:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TLS_DEVICE __u8 decrypted:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SCHED __u16 tc_index; /* traffic control index */ #endif union { __wsum csum; struct { __u16 csum_start; __u16 csum_offset; }; }; __u32 priority; int skb_iif; __u32 hash; __be16 vlan_proto; __u16 vlan_tci; #if defined(CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL) || defined(CONFIG_XPS) union { unsigned int napi_id; unsigned int sender_cpu; }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NETWORK_SECMARK __u32 secmark; #endif union { __u32 mark; __u32 reserved_tailroom; }; union { __be16 inner_protocol; __u8 inner_ipproto; }; __u16 inner_transport_header; __u16 inner_network_header; __u16 inner_mac_header; __be16 protocol; __u16 transport_header; __u16 network_header; __u16 mac_header; /* private: */ __u32 headers_end[0]; /* public: */ /* These elements must be at the end, see alloc_skb() for details. */ sk_buff_data_t tail; sk_buff_data_t end; unsigned char *head, *data; unsigned int truesize; refcount_t users; #ifdef CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS /* only useable after checking ->active_extensions != 0 */ struct skb_ext *extensions; #endif }; #ifdef __KERNEL__ /* * Handling routines are only of interest to the kernel */ #define SKB_ALLOC_FCLONE 0x01 #define SKB_ALLOC_RX 0x02 #define SKB_ALLOC_NAPI 0x04 /** * skb_pfmemalloc - Test if the skb was allocated from PFMEMALLOC reserves * @skb: buffer */ static inline bool skb_pfmemalloc(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return unlikely(skb->pfmemalloc); } /* * skb might have a dst pointer attached, refcounted or not. * _skb_refdst low order bit is set if refcount was _not_ taken */ #define SKB_DST_NOREF 1UL #define SKB_DST_PTRMASK ~(SKB_DST_NOREF) /** * skb_dst - returns skb dst_entry * @skb: buffer * * Returns skb dst_entry, regardless of reference taken or not. */ static inline struct dst_entry *skb_dst(const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* If refdst was not refcounted, check we still are in a * rcu_read_lock section */ WARN_ON((skb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF) && !rcu_read_lock_held() && !rcu_read_lock_bh_held()); return (struct dst_entry *)(skb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_PTRMASK); } /** * skb_dst_set - sets skb dst * @skb: buffer * @dst: dst entry * * Sets skb dst, assuming a reference was taken on dst and should * be released by skb_dst_drop() */ static inline void skb_dst_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct dst_entry *dst) { skb->_skb_refdst = (unsigned long)dst; } /** * skb_dst_set_noref - sets skb dst, hopefully, without taking reference * @skb: buffer * @dst: dst entry * * Sets skb dst, assuming a reference was not taken on dst. * If dst entry is cached, we do not take reference and dst_release * will be avoided by refdst_drop. If dst entry is not cached, we take * reference, so that last dst_release can destroy the dst immediately. */ static inline void skb_dst_set_noref(struct sk_buff *skb, struct dst_entry *dst) { WARN_ON(!rcu_read_lock_held() && !rcu_read_lock_bh_held()); skb->_skb_refdst = (unsigned long)dst | SKB_DST_NOREF; } /** * skb_dst_is_noref - Test if skb dst isn't refcounted * @skb: buffer */ static inline bool skb_dst_is_noref(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (skb->_skb_refdst & SKB_DST_NOREF) && skb_dst(skb); } /** * skb_rtable - Returns the skb &rtable * @skb: buffer */ static inline struct rtable *skb_rtable(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct rtable *)skb_dst(skb); } /* For mangling skb->pkt_type from user space side from applications * such as nft, tc, etc, we only allow a conservative subset of * possible pkt_types to be set. */ static inline bool skb_pkt_type_ok(u32 ptype) { return ptype <= PACKET_OTHERHOST; } /** * skb_napi_id - Returns the skb's NAPI id * @skb: buffer */ static inline unsigned int skb_napi_id(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_RX_BUSY_POLL return skb->napi_id; #else return 0; #endif } /** * skb_unref - decrement the skb's reference count * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if we can free the skb. */ static inline bool skb_unref(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (unlikely(!skb)) return false; if (likely(refcount_read(&skb->users) == 1)) smp_rmb(); else if (likely(!refcount_dec_and_test(&skb->users))) return false; return true; } void skb_release_head_state(struct sk_buff *skb); void kfree_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); void kfree_skb_list(struct sk_buff *segs); void skb_dump(const char *level, const struct sk_buff *skb, bool full_pkt); void skb_tx_error(struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS void consume_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); #else static inline void consume_skb(struct sk_buff *skb) { return kfree_skb(skb); } #endif void __consume_stateless_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); void __kfree_skb(struct sk_buff *skb); extern struct kmem_cache *skbuff_head_cache; void kfree_skb_partial(struct sk_buff *skb, bool head_stolen); bool skb_try_coalesce(struct sk_buff *to, struct sk_buff *from, bool *fragstolen, int *delta_truesize); struct sk_buff *__alloc_skb(unsigned int size, gfp_t priority, int flags, int node); struct sk_buff *__build_skb(void *data, unsigned int frag_size); struct sk_buff *build_skb(void *data, unsigned int frag_size); struct sk_buff *build_skb_around(struct sk_buff *skb, void *data, unsigned int frag_size); /** * alloc_skb - allocate a network buffer * @size: size to allocate * @priority: allocation mask * * This function is a convenient wrapper around __alloc_skb(). */ static inline struct sk_buff *alloc_skb(unsigned int size, gfp_t priority) { return __alloc_skb(size, priority, 0, NUMA_NO_NODE); } struct sk_buff *alloc_skb_with_frags(unsigned long header_len, unsigned long data_len, int max_page_order, int *errcode, gfp_t gfp_mask); struct sk_buff *alloc_skb_for_msg(struct sk_buff *first); /* Layout of fast clones : [skb1][skb2][fclone_ref] */ struct sk_buff_fclones { struct sk_buff skb1; struct sk_buff skb2; refcount_t fclone_ref; }; /** * skb_fclone_busy - check if fclone is busy * @sk: socket * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if skb is a fast clone, and its clone is not freed. * Some drivers call skb_orphan() in their ndo_start_xmit(), * so we also check that this didnt happen. */ static inline bool skb_fclone_busy(const struct sock *sk, const struct sk_buff *skb) { const struct sk_buff_fclones *fclones; fclones = container_of(skb, struct sk_buff_fclones, skb1); return skb->fclone == SKB_FCLONE_ORIG && refcount_read(&fclones->fclone_ref) > 1 && fclones->skb2.sk == sk; } /** * alloc_skb_fclone - allocate a network buffer from fclone cache * @size: size to allocate * @priority: allocation mask * * This function is a convenient wrapper around __alloc_skb(). */ static inline struct sk_buff *alloc_skb_fclone(unsigned int size, gfp_t priority) { return __alloc_skb(size, priority, SKB_ALLOC_FCLONE, NUMA_NO_NODE); } struct sk_buff *skb_morph(struct sk_buff *dst, struct sk_buff *src); void skb_headers_offset_update(struct sk_buff *skb, int off); int skb_copy_ubufs(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask); struct sk_buff *skb_clone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t priority); void skb_copy_header(struct sk_buff *new, const struct sk_buff *old); struct sk_buff *skb_copy(const struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t priority); struct sk_buff *__pskb_copy_fclone(struct sk_buff *skb, int headroom, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool fclone); static inline struct sk_buff *__pskb_copy(struct sk_buff *skb, int headroom, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __pskb_copy_fclone(skb, headroom, gfp_mask, false); } int pskb_expand_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhead, int ntail, gfp_t gfp_mask); struct sk_buff *skb_realloc_headroom(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom); struct sk_buff *skb_copy_expand(const struct sk_buff *skb, int newheadroom, int newtailroom, gfp_t priority); int __must_check skb_to_sgvec_nomark(struct sk_buff *skb, struct scatterlist *sg, int offset, int len); int __must_check skb_to_sgvec(struct sk_buff *skb, struct scatterlist *sg, int offset, int len); int skb_cow_data(struct sk_buff *skb, int tailbits, struct sk_buff **trailer); int __skb_pad(struct sk_buff *skb, int pad, bool free_on_error); /** * skb_pad - zero pad the tail of an skb * @skb: buffer to pad * @pad: space to pad * * Ensure that a buffer is followed by a padding area that is zero * filled. Used by network drivers which may DMA or transfer data * beyond the buffer end onto the wire. * * May return error in out of memory cases. The skb is freed on error. */ static inline int skb_pad(struct sk_buff *skb, int pad) { return __skb_pad(skb, pad, true); } #define dev_kfree_skb(a) consume_skb(a) int skb_append_pagefrags(struct sk_buff *skb, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size); struct skb_seq_state { __u32 lower_offset; __u32 upper_offset; __u32 frag_idx; __u32 stepped_offset; struct sk_buff *root_skb; struct sk_buff *cur_skb; __u8 *frag_data; }; void skb_prepare_seq_read(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int from, unsigned int to, struct skb_seq_state *st); unsigned int skb_seq_read(unsigned int consumed, const u8 **data, struct skb_seq_state *st); void skb_abort_seq_read(struct skb_seq_state *st); unsigned int skb_find_text(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int from, unsigned int to, struct ts_config *config); /* * Packet hash types specify the type of hash in skb_set_hash. * * Hash types refer to the protocol layer addresses which are used to * construct a packet's hash. The hashes are used to differentiate or identify * flows of the protocol layer for the hash type. Hash types are either * layer-2 (L2), layer-3 (L3), or layer-4 (L4). * * Properties of hashes: * * 1) Two packets in different flows have different hash values * 2) Two packets in the same flow should have the same hash value * * A hash at a higher layer is considered to be more specific. A driver should * set the most specific hash possible. * * A driver cannot indicate a more specific hash than the layer at which a hash * was computed. For instance an L3 hash cannot be set as an L4 hash. * * A driver may indicate a hash level which is less specific than the * actual layer the hash was computed on. For instance, a hash computed * at L4 may be considered an L3 hash. This should only be done if the * driver can't unambiguously determine that the HW computed the hash at * the higher layer. Note that the "should" in the second property above * permits this. */ enum pkt_hash_types { PKT_HASH_TYPE_NONE, /* Undefined type */ PKT_HASH_TYPE_L2, /* Input: src_MAC, dest_MAC */ PKT_HASH_TYPE_L3, /* Input: src_IP, dst_IP */ PKT_HASH_TYPE_L4, /* Input: src_IP, dst_IP, src_port, dst_port */ }; static inline void skb_clear_hash(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->hash = 0; skb->sw_hash = 0; skb->l4_hash = 0; } static inline void skb_clear_hash_if_not_l4(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb->l4_hash) skb_clear_hash(skb); } static inline void __skb_set_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 hash, bool is_sw, bool is_l4) { skb->l4_hash = is_l4; skb->sw_hash = is_sw; skb->hash = hash; } static inline void skb_set_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 hash, enum pkt_hash_types type) { /* Used by drivers to set hash from HW */ __skb_set_hash(skb, hash, false, type == PKT_HASH_TYPE_L4); } static inline void __skb_set_sw_hash(struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 hash, bool is_l4) { __skb_set_hash(skb, hash, true, is_l4); } void __skb_get_hash(struct sk_buff *skb); u32 __skb_get_hash_symmetric(const struct sk_buff *skb); u32 skb_get_poff(const struct sk_buff *skb); u32 __skb_get_poff(const struct sk_buff *skb, void *data, const struct flow_keys_basic *keys, int hlen); __be32 __skb_flow_get_ports(const struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff, u8 ip_proto, void *data, int hlen_proto); static inline __be32 skb_flow_get_ports(const struct sk_buff *skb, int thoff, u8 ip_proto) { return __skb_flow_get_ports(skb, thoff, ip_proto, NULL, 0); } void skb_flow_dissector_init(struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, const struct flow_dissector_key *key, unsigned int key_count); struct bpf_flow_dissector; bool bpf_flow_dissect(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_flow_dissector *ctx, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags); bool __skb_flow_dissect(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, void *data, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags); static inline bool skb_flow_dissect(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, unsigned int flags) { return __skb_flow_dissect(NULL, skb, flow_dissector, target_container, NULL, 0, 0, 0, flags); } static inline bool skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys *flow, unsigned int flags) { memset(flow, 0, sizeof(*flow)); return __skb_flow_dissect(NULL, skb, &flow_keys_dissector, flow, NULL, 0, 0, 0, flags); } static inline bool skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys_basic(const struct net *net, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_keys_basic *flow, void *data, __be16 proto, int nhoff, int hlen, unsigned int flags) { memset(flow, 0, sizeof(*flow)); return __skb_flow_dissect(net, skb, &flow_keys_basic_dissector, flow, data, proto, nhoff, hlen, flags); } void skb_flow_dissect_meta(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container); /* Gets a skb connection tracking info, ctinfo map should be a * map of mapsize to translate enum ip_conntrack_info states * to user states. */ void skb_flow_dissect_ct(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container, u16 *ctinfo_map, size_t mapsize); void skb_flow_dissect_tunnel_info(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container); void skb_flow_dissect_hash(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, void *target_container); static inline __u32 skb_get_hash(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb->l4_hash && !skb->sw_hash) __skb_get_hash(skb); return skb->hash; } static inline __u32 skb_get_hash_flowi6(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct flowi6 *fl6) { if (!skb->l4_hash && !skb->sw_hash) { struct flow_keys keys; __u32 hash = __get_hash_from_flowi6(fl6, &keys); __skb_set_sw_hash(skb, hash, flow_keys_have_l4(&keys)); } return skb->hash; } __u32 skb_get_hash_perturb(const struct sk_buff *skb, const siphash_key_t *perturb); static inline __u32 skb_get_hash_raw(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->hash; } static inline void skb_copy_hash(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { to->hash = from->hash; to->sw_hash = from->sw_hash; to->l4_hash = from->l4_hash; }; static inline void skb_copy_decrypted(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { #ifdef CONFIG_TLS_DEVICE to->decrypted = from->decrypted; #endif } #ifdef NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET static inline unsigned char *skb_end_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->end; } static inline unsigned int skb_end_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->end; } #else static inline unsigned char *skb_end_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->end; } static inline unsigned int skb_end_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->end - skb->head; } #endif /* Internal */ #define skb_shinfo(SKB) ((struct skb_shared_info *)(skb_end_pointer(SKB))) static inline struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *skb_hwtstamps(struct sk_buff *skb) { return &skb_shinfo(skb)->hwtstamps; } static inline struct ubuf_info *skb_zcopy(struct sk_buff *skb) { bool is_zcopy = skb && skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags & SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY; return is_zcopy ? skb_uarg(skb) : NULL; } static inline void skb_zcopy_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct ubuf_info *uarg, bool *have_ref) { if (skb && uarg && !skb_zcopy(skb)) { if (unlikely(have_ref && *have_ref)) *have_ref = false; else sock_zerocopy_get(uarg); skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg = uarg; skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags |= SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } } static inline void skb_zcopy_set_nouarg(struct sk_buff *skb, void *val) { skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg = (void *)((uintptr_t) val | 0x1UL); skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags |= SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } static inline bool skb_zcopy_is_nouarg(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (uintptr_t) skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg & 0x1UL; } static inline void *skb_zcopy_get_nouarg(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (void *)((uintptr_t) skb_shinfo(skb)->destructor_arg & ~0x1UL); } /* Release a reference on a zerocopy structure */ static inline void skb_zcopy_clear(struct sk_buff *skb, bool zerocopy) { struct ubuf_info *uarg = skb_zcopy(skb); if (uarg) { if (skb_zcopy_is_nouarg(skb)) { /* no notification callback */ } else if (uarg->callback == sock_zerocopy_callback) { uarg->zerocopy = uarg->zerocopy && zerocopy; sock_zerocopy_put(uarg); } else { uarg->callback(uarg, zerocopy); } skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags &= ~SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } } /* Abort a zerocopy operation and revert zckey on error in send syscall */ static inline void skb_zcopy_abort(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct ubuf_info *uarg = skb_zcopy(skb); if (uarg) { sock_zerocopy_put_abort(uarg, false); skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags &= ~SKBTX_ZEROCOPY_FRAG; } } static inline void skb_mark_not_on_list(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->next = NULL; } /* Iterate through singly-linked GSO fragments of an skb. */ #define skb_list_walk_safe(first, skb, next_skb) \ for ((skb) = (first), (next_skb) = (skb) ? (skb)->next : NULL; (skb); \ (skb) = (next_skb), (next_skb) = (skb) ? (skb)->next : NULL) static inline void skb_list_del_init(struct sk_buff *skb) { __list_del_entry(&skb->list); skb_mark_not_on_list(skb); } /** * skb_queue_empty - check if a queue is empty * @list: queue head * * Returns true if the queue is empty, false otherwise. */ static inline int skb_queue_empty(const struct sk_buff_head *list) { return list->next == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_empty_lockless - check if a queue is empty * @list: queue head * * Returns true if the queue is empty, false otherwise. * This variant can be used in lockless contexts. */ static inline bool skb_queue_empty_lockless(const struct sk_buff_head *list) { return READ_ONCE(list->next) == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_is_last - check if skb is the last entry in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if @skb is the last buffer on the list. */ static inline bool skb_queue_is_last(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->next == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_is_first - check if skb is the first entry in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: buffer * * Returns true if @skb is the first buffer on the list. */ static inline bool skb_queue_is_first(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->prev == (const struct sk_buff *) list; } /** * skb_queue_next - return the next packet in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: current buffer * * Return the next packet in @list after @skb. It is only valid to * call this if skb_queue_is_last() evaluates to false. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_queue_next(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* This BUG_ON may seem severe, but if we just return then we * are going to dereference garbage. */ BUG_ON(skb_queue_is_last(list, skb)); return skb->next; } /** * skb_queue_prev - return the prev packet in the queue * @list: queue head * @skb: current buffer * * Return the prev packet in @list before @skb. It is only valid to * call this if skb_queue_is_first() evaluates to false. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_queue_prev(const struct sk_buff_head *list, const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* This BUG_ON may seem severe, but if we just return then we * are going to dereference garbage. */ BUG_ON(skb_queue_is_first(list, skb)); return skb->prev; } /** * skb_get - reference buffer * @skb: buffer to reference * * Makes another reference to a socket buffer and returns a pointer * to the buffer. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_get(struct sk_buff *skb) { refcount_inc(&skb->users); return skb; } /* * If users == 1, we are the only owner and can avoid redundant atomic changes. */ /** * skb_cloned - is the buffer a clone * @skb: buffer to check * * Returns true if the buffer was generated with skb_clone() and is * one of multiple shared copies of the buffer. Cloned buffers are * shared data so must not be written to under normal circumstances. */ static inline int skb_cloned(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->cloned && (atomic_read(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref) & SKB_DATAREF_MASK) != 1; } static inline int skb_unclone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_cloned(skb)) return pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, pri); return 0; } /** * skb_header_cloned - is the header a clone * @skb: buffer to check * * Returns true if modifying the header part of the buffer requires * the data to be copied. */ static inline int skb_header_cloned(const struct sk_buff *skb) { int dataref; if (!skb->cloned) return 0; dataref = atomic_read(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref); dataref = (dataref & SKB_DATAREF_MASK) - (dataref >> SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT); return dataref != 1; } static inline int skb_header_unclone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_header_cloned(skb)) return pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, pri); return 0; } /** * __skb_header_release - release reference to header * @skb: buffer to operate on */ static inline void __skb_header_release(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->nohdr = 1; atomic_set(&skb_shinfo(skb)->dataref, 1 + (1 << SKB_DATAREF_SHIFT)); } /** * skb_shared - is the buffer shared * @skb: buffer to check * * Returns true if more than one person has a reference to this * buffer. */ static inline int skb_shared(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return refcount_read(&skb->users) != 1; } /** * skb_share_check - check if buffer is shared and if so clone it * @skb: buffer to check * @pri: priority for memory allocation * * If the buffer is shared the buffer is cloned and the old copy * drops a reference. A new clone with a single reference is returned. * If the buffer is not shared the original buffer is returned. When * being called from interrupt status or with spinlocks held pri must * be GFP_ATOMIC. * * NULL is returned on a memory allocation failure. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_share_check(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_shared(skb)) { struct sk_buff *nskb = skb_clone(skb, pri); if (likely(nskb)) consume_skb(skb); else kfree_skb(skb); skb = nskb; } return skb; } /* * Copy shared buffers into a new sk_buff. We effectively do COW on * packets to handle cases where we have a local reader and forward * and a couple of other messy ones. The normal one is tcpdumping * a packet thats being forwarded. */ /** * skb_unshare - make a copy of a shared buffer * @skb: buffer to check * @pri: priority for memory allocation * * If the socket buffer is a clone then this function creates a new * copy of the data, drops a reference count on the old copy and returns * the new copy with the reference count at 1. If the buffer is not a clone * the original buffer is returned. When called with a spinlock held or * from interrupt state @pri must be %GFP_ATOMIC * * %NULL is returned on a memory allocation failure. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_unshare(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t pri) { might_sleep_if(gfpflags_allow_blocking(pri)); if (skb_cloned(skb)) { struct sk_buff *nskb = skb_copy(skb, pri); /* Free our shared copy */ if (likely(nskb)) consume_skb(skb); else kfree_skb(skb); skb = nskb; } return skb; } /** * skb_peek - peek at the head of an &sk_buff_head * @list_: list to peek at * * Peek an &sk_buff. Unlike most other operations you _MUST_ * be careful with this one. A peek leaves the buffer on the * list and someone else may run off with it. You must hold * the appropriate locks or have a private queue to do this. * * Returns %NULL for an empty list or a pointer to the head element. * The reference count is not incremented and the reference is therefore * volatile. Use with caution. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_peek(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { struct sk_buff *skb = list_->next; if (skb == (struct sk_buff *)list_) skb = NULL; return skb; } /** * __skb_peek - peek at the head of a non-empty &sk_buff_head * @list_: list to peek at * * Like skb_peek(), but the caller knows that the list is not empty. */ static inline struct sk_buff *__skb_peek(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { return list_->next; } /** * skb_peek_next - peek skb following the given one from a queue * @skb: skb to start from * @list_: list to peek at * * Returns %NULL when the end of the list is met or a pointer to the * next element. The reference count is not incremented and the * reference is therefore volatile. Use with caution. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_peek_next(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { struct sk_buff *next = skb->next; if (next == (struct sk_buff *)list_) next = NULL; return next; } /** * skb_peek_tail - peek at the tail of an &sk_buff_head * @list_: list to peek at * * Peek an &sk_buff. Unlike most other operations you _MUST_ * be careful with this one. A peek leaves the buffer on the * list and someone else may run off with it. You must hold * the appropriate locks or have a private queue to do this. * * Returns %NULL for an empty list or a pointer to the tail element. * The reference count is not incremented and the reference is therefore * volatile. Use with caution. */ static inline struct sk_buff *skb_peek_tail(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { struct sk_buff *skb = READ_ONCE(list_->prev); if (skb == (struct sk_buff *)list_) skb = NULL; return skb; } /** * skb_queue_len - get queue length * @list_: list to measure * * Return the length of an &sk_buff queue. */ static inline __u32 skb_queue_len(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { return list_->qlen; } /** * skb_queue_len_lockless - get queue length * @list_: list to measure * * Return the length of an &sk_buff queue. * This variant can be used in lockless contexts. */ static inline __u32 skb_queue_len_lockless(const struct sk_buff_head *list_) { return READ_ONCE(list_->qlen); } /** * __skb_queue_head_init - initialize non-spinlock portions of sk_buff_head * @list: queue to initialize * * This initializes only the list and queue length aspects of * an sk_buff_head object. This allows to initialize the list * aspects of an sk_buff_head without reinitializing things like * the spinlock. It can also be used for on-stack sk_buff_head * objects where the spinlock is known to not be used. */ static inline void __skb_queue_head_init(struct sk_buff_head *list) { list->prev = list->next = (struct sk_buff *)list; list->qlen = 0; } /* * This function creates a split out lock class for each invocation; * this is needed for now since a whole lot of users of the skb-queue * infrastructure in drivers have different locking usage (in hardirq) * than the networking core (in softirq only). In the long run either the * network layer or drivers should need annotation to consolidate the * main types of usage into 3 classes. */ static inline void skb_queue_head_init(struct sk_buff_head *list) { spin_lock_init(&list->lock); __skb_queue_head_init(list); } static inline void skb_queue_head_init_class(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct lock_class_key *class) { skb_queue_head_init(list); lockdep_set_class(&list->lock, class); } /* * Insert an sk_buff on a list. * * The "__skb_xxxx()" functions are the non-atomic ones that * can only be called with interrupts disabled. */ static inline void __skb_insert(struct sk_buff *newsk, struct sk_buff *prev, struct sk_buff *next, struct sk_buff_head *list) { /* See skb_queue_empty_lockless() and skb_peek_tail() * for the opposite READ_ONCE() */ WRITE_ONCE(newsk->next, next); WRITE_ONCE(newsk->prev, prev); WRITE_ONCE(next->prev, newsk); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, newsk); WRITE_ONCE(list->qlen, list->qlen + 1); } static inline void __skb_queue_splice(const struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *prev, struct sk_buff *next) { struct sk_buff *first = list->next; struct sk_buff *last = list->prev; WRITE_ONCE(first->prev, prev); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, first); WRITE_ONCE(last->next, next); WRITE_ONCE(next->prev, last); } /** * skb_queue_splice - join two skb lists, this is designed for stacks * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list */ static inline void skb_queue_splice(const struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, (struct sk_buff *) head, head->next); head->qlen += list->qlen; } } /** * skb_queue_splice_init - join two skb lists and reinitialise the emptied list * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list * * The list at @list is reinitialised */ static inline void skb_queue_splice_init(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, (struct sk_buff *) head, head->next); head->qlen += list->qlen; __skb_queue_head_init(list); } } /** * skb_queue_splice_tail - join two skb lists, each list being a queue * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list */ static inline void skb_queue_splice_tail(const struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, head->prev, (struct sk_buff *) head); head->qlen += list->qlen; } } /** * skb_queue_splice_tail_init - join two skb lists and reinitialise the emptied list * @list: the new list to add * @head: the place to add it in the first list * * Each of the lists is a queue. * The list at @list is reinitialised */ static inline void skb_queue_splice_tail_init(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff_head *head) { if (!skb_queue_empty(list)) { __skb_queue_splice(list, head->prev, (struct sk_buff *) head); head->qlen += list->qlen; __skb_queue_head_init(list); } } /** * __skb_queue_after - queue a buffer at the list head * @list: list to use * @prev: place after this buffer * @newsk: buffer to queue * * Queue a buffer int the middle of a list. This function takes no locks * and you must therefore hold required locks before calling it. * * A buffer cannot be placed on two lists at the same time. */ static inline void __skb_queue_after(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *prev, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_insert(newsk, prev, prev->next, list); } void skb_append(struct sk_buff *old, struct sk_buff *newsk, struct sk_buff_head *list); static inline void __skb_queue_before(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *next, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_insert(newsk, next->prev, next, list); } /** * __skb_queue_head - queue a buffer at the list head * @list: list to use * @newsk: buffer to queue * * Queue a buffer at the start of a list. This function takes no locks * and you must therefore hold required locks before calling it. * * A buffer cannot be placed on two lists at the same time. */ static inline void __skb_queue_head(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_queue_after(list, (struct sk_buff *)list, newsk); } void skb_queue_head(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk); /** * __skb_queue_tail - queue a buffer at the list tail * @list: list to use * @newsk: buffer to queue * * Queue a buffer at the end of a list. This function takes no locks * and you must therefore hold required locks before calling it. * * A buffer cannot be placed on two lists at the same time. */ static inline void __skb_queue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk) { __skb_queue_before(list, (struct sk_buff *)list, newsk); } void skb_queue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list, struct sk_buff *newsk); /* * remove sk_buff from list. _Must_ be called atomically, and with * the list known.. */ void skb_unlink(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff_head *list); static inline void __skb_unlink(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *next, *prev; WRITE_ONCE(list->qlen, list->qlen - 1); next = skb->next; prev = skb->prev; skb->next = skb->prev = NULL; WRITE_ONCE(next->prev, prev); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, next); } /** * __skb_dequeue - remove from the head of the queue * @list: list to dequeue from * * Remove the head of the list. This function does not take any locks * so must be used with appropriate locks held only. The head item is * returned or %NULL if the list is empty. */ static inline struct sk_buff *__skb_dequeue(struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek(list); if (skb) __skb_unlink(skb, list); return skb; } struct sk_buff *skb_dequeue(struct sk_buff_head *list); /** * __skb_dequeue_tail - remove from the tail of the queue * @list: list to dequeue from * * Remove the tail of the list. This function does not take any locks * so must be used with appropriate locks held only. The tail item is * returned or %NULL if the list is empty. */ static inline struct sk_buff *__skb_dequeue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *skb = skb_peek_tail(list); if (skb) __skb_unlink(skb, list); return skb; } struct sk_buff *skb_dequeue_tail(struct sk_buff_head *list); static inline bool skb_is_nonlinear(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->data_len; } static inline unsigned int skb_headlen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->len - skb->data_len; } static inline unsigned int __skb_pagelen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { unsigned int i, len = 0; for (i = skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags - 1; (int)i >= 0; i--) len += skb_frag_size(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i]); return len; } static inline unsigned int skb_pagelen(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_headlen(skb) + __skb_pagelen(skb); } /** * __skb_fill_page_desc - initialise a paged fragment in an skb * @skb: buffer containing fragment to be initialised * @i: paged fragment index to initialise * @page: the page to use for this fragment * @off: the offset to the data with @page * @size: the length of the data * * Initialises the @i'th fragment of @skb to point to &size bytes at * offset @off within @page. * * Does not take any additional reference on the fragment. */ static inline void __skb_fill_page_desc(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, struct page *page, int off, int size) { skb_frag_t *frag = &skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i]; /* * Propagate page pfmemalloc to the skb if we can. The problem is * that not all callers have unique ownership of the page but rely * on page_is_pfmemalloc doing the right thing(tm). */ frag->bv_page = page; frag->bv_offset = off; skb_frag_size_set(frag, size); page = compound_head(page); if (page_is_pfmemalloc(page)) skb->pfmemalloc = true; } /** * skb_fill_page_desc - initialise a paged fragment in an skb * @skb: buffer containing fragment to be initialised * @i: paged fragment index to initialise * @page: the page to use for this fragment * @off: the offset to the data with @page * @size: the length of the data * * As per __skb_fill_page_desc() -- initialises the @i'th fragment of * @skb to point to @size bytes at offset @off within @page. In * addition updates @skb such that @i is the last fragment. * * Does not take any additional reference on the fragment. */ static inline void skb_fill_page_desc(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, struct page *page, int off, int size) { __skb_fill_page_desc(skb, i, page, off, size); skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags = i + 1; } void skb_add_rx_frag(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, struct page *page, int off, int size, unsigned int truesize); void skb_coalesce_rx_frag(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, int size, unsigned int truesize); #define SKB_LINEAR_ASSERT(skb) BUG_ON(skb_is_nonlinear(skb)) #ifdef NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET static inline unsigned char *skb_tail_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->tail; } static inline void skb_reset_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->tail = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_tail_pointer(skb); skb->tail += offset; } #else /* NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET */ static inline unsigned char *skb_tail_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->tail; } static inline void skb_reset_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->tail = skb->data; } static inline void skb_set_tail_pointer(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb->tail = skb->data + offset; } #endif /* NET_SKBUFF_DATA_USES_OFFSET */ /* * Add data to an sk_buff */ void *pskb_put(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff *tail, int len); void *skb_put(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void *__skb_put(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = skb_tail_pointer(skb); SKB_LINEAR_ASSERT(skb); skb->tail += len; skb->len += len; return tmp; } static inline void *__skb_put_zero(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = __skb_put(skb, len); memset(tmp, 0, len); return tmp; } static inline void *__skb_put_data(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *data, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = __skb_put(skb, len); memcpy(tmp, data, len); return tmp; } static inline void __skb_put_u8(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 val) { *(u8 *)__skb_put(skb, 1) = val; } static inline void *skb_put_zero(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = skb_put(skb, len); memset(tmp, 0, len); return tmp; } static inline void *skb_put_data(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *data, unsigned int len) { void *tmp = skb_put(skb, len); memcpy(tmp, data, len); return tmp; } static inline void skb_put_u8(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 val) { *(u8 *)skb_put(skb, 1) = val; } void *skb_push(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void *__skb_push(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { skb->data -= len; skb->len += len; return skb->data; } void *skb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void *__skb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { skb->len -= len; BUG_ON(skb->len < skb->data_len); return skb->data += len; } static inline void *skb_pull_inline(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return unlikely(len > skb->len) ? NULL : __skb_pull(skb, len); } void *__pskb_pull_tail(struct sk_buff *skb, int delta); static inline void *__pskb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (len > skb_headlen(skb) && !__pskb_pull_tail(skb, len - skb_headlen(skb))) return NULL; skb->len -= len; return skb->data += len; } static inline void *pskb_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return unlikely(len > skb->len) ? NULL : __pskb_pull(skb, len); } static inline bool pskb_may_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (likely(len <= skb_headlen(skb))) return true; if (unlikely(len > skb->len)) return false; return __pskb_pull_tail(skb, len - skb_headlen(skb)) != NULL; } void skb_condense(struct sk_buff *skb); /** * skb_headroom - bytes at buffer head * @skb: buffer to check * * Return the number of bytes of free space at the head of an &sk_buff. */ static inline unsigned int skb_headroom(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->data - skb->head; } /** * skb_tailroom - bytes at buffer end * @skb: buffer to check * * Return the number of bytes of free space at the tail of an sk_buff */ static inline int skb_tailroom(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) ? 0 : skb->end - skb->tail; } /** * skb_availroom - bytes at buffer end * @skb: buffer to check * * Return the number of bytes of free space at the tail of an sk_buff * allocated by sk_stream_alloc() */ static inline int skb_availroom(const struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_is_nonlinear(skb)) return 0; return skb->end - skb->tail - skb->reserved_tailroom; } /** * skb_reserve - adjust headroom * @skb: buffer to alter * @len: bytes to move * * Increase the headroom of an empty &sk_buff by reducing the tail * room. This is only allowed for an empty buffer. */ static inline void skb_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, int len) { skb->data += len; skb->tail += len; } /** * skb_tailroom_reserve - adjust reserved_tailroom * @skb: buffer to alter * @mtu: maximum amount of headlen permitted * @needed_tailroom: minimum amount of reserved_tailroom * * Set reserved_tailroom so that headlen can be as large as possible but * not larger than mtu and tailroom cannot be smaller than * needed_tailroom. * The required headroom should already have been reserved before using * this function. */ static inline void skb_tailroom_reserve(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int mtu, unsigned int needed_tailroom) { SKB_LINEAR_ASSERT(skb); if (mtu < skb_tailroom(skb) - needed_tailroom) /* use at most mtu */ skb->reserved_tailroom = skb_tailroom(skb) - mtu; else /* use up to all available space */ skb->reserved_tailroom = needed_tailroom; } #define ENCAP_TYPE_ETHER 0 #define ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO 1 static inline void skb_set_inner_protocol(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 protocol) { skb->inner_protocol = protocol; skb->inner_protocol_type = ENCAP_TYPE_ETHER; } static inline void skb_set_inner_ipproto(struct sk_buff *skb, __u8 ipproto) { skb->inner_ipproto = ipproto; skb->inner_protocol_type = ENCAP_TYPE_IPPROTO; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_headers(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_mac_header = skb->mac_header; skb->inner_network_header = skb->network_header; skb->inner_transport_header = skb->transport_header; } static inline void skb_reset_mac_len(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_len = skb->network_header - skb->mac_header; } static inline unsigned char *skb_inner_transport_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->inner_transport_header; } static inline int skb_inner_transport_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_inner_transport_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_transport_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_inner_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_inner_transport_header(skb); skb->inner_transport_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_inner_network_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->inner_network_header; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_network_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_inner_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_inner_network_header(skb); skb->inner_network_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_inner_mac_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->inner_mac_header; } static inline void skb_reset_inner_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->inner_mac_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_inner_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_inner_mac_header(skb); skb->inner_mac_header += offset; } static inline bool skb_transport_header_was_set(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->transport_header != (typeof(skb->transport_header))~0U; } static inline unsigned char *skb_transport_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->transport_header; } static inline void skb_reset_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->transport_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_transport_header(skb); skb->transport_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_network_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->network_header; } static inline void skb_reset_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->network_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_network_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_network_header(skb); skb->network_header += offset; } static inline unsigned char *skb_mac_header(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->mac_header; } static inline int skb_mac_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_mac_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline u32 skb_mac_header_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->network_header - skb->mac_header; } static inline int skb_mac_header_was_set(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->mac_header != (typeof(skb->mac_header))~0U; } static inline void skb_unset_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_header = (typeof(skb->mac_header))~0U; } static inline void skb_reset_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_header = skb->data - skb->head; } static inline void skb_set_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset) { skb_reset_mac_header(skb); skb->mac_header += offset; } static inline void skb_pop_mac_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->mac_header = skb->network_header; } static inline void skb_probe_transport_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct flow_keys_basic keys; if (skb_transport_header_was_set(skb)) return; if (skb_flow_dissect_flow_keys_basic(NULL, skb, &keys, NULL, 0, 0, 0, 0)) skb_set_transport_header(skb, keys.control.thoff); } static inline void skb_mac_header_rebuild(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb_mac_header_was_set(skb)) { const unsigned char *old_mac = skb_mac_header(skb); skb_set_mac_header(skb, -skb->mac_len); memmove(skb_mac_header(skb), old_mac, skb->mac_len); } } static inline int skb_checksum_start_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->csum_start - skb_headroom(skb); } static inline unsigned char *skb_checksum_start(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->head + skb->csum_start; } static inline int skb_transport_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_transport_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline u32 skb_network_header_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->transport_header - skb->network_header; } static inline u32 skb_inner_network_header_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->inner_transport_header - skb->inner_network_header; } static inline int skb_network_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_network_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline int skb_inner_network_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_inner_network_header(skb) - skb->data; } static inline int pskb_network_may_pull(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return pskb_may_pull(skb, skb_network_offset(skb) + len); } /* * CPUs often take a performance hit when accessing unaligned memory * locations. The actual performance hit varies, it can be small if the * hardware handles it or large if we have to take an exception and fix it * in software. * * Since an ethernet header is 14 bytes network drivers often end up with * the IP header at an unaligned offset. The IP header can be aligned by * shifting the start of the packet by 2 bytes. Drivers should do this * with: * * skb_reserve(skb, NET_IP_ALIGN); * * The downside to this alignment of the IP header is that the DMA is now * unaligned. On some architectures the cost of an unaligned DMA is high * and this cost outweighs the gains made by aligning the IP header. * * Since this trade off varies between architectures, we allow NET_IP_ALIGN * to be overridden. */ #ifndef NET_IP_ALIGN #define NET_IP_ALIGN 2 #endif /* * The networking layer reserves some headroom in skb data (via * dev_alloc_skb). This is used to avoid having to reallocate skb data when * the header has to grow. In the default case, if the header has to grow * 32 bytes or less we avoid the reallocation. * * Unfortunately this headroom changes the DMA alignment of the resulting * network packet. As for NET_IP_ALIGN, this unaligned DMA is expensive * on some architectures. An architecture can override this value, * perhaps setting it to a cacheline in size (since that will maintain * cacheline alignment of the DMA). It must be a power of 2. * * Various parts of the networking layer expect at least 32 bytes of * headroom, you should not reduce this. * * Using max(32, L1_CACHE_BYTES) makes sense (especially with RPS) * to reduce average number of cache lines per packet. * get_rps_cpu() for example only access one 64 bytes aligned block : * NET_IP_ALIGN(2) + ethernet_header(14) + IP_header(20/40) + ports(8) */ #ifndef NET_SKB_PAD #define NET_SKB_PAD max(32, L1_CACHE_BYTES) #endif int ___pskb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline void __skb_set_length(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (WARN_ON(skb_is_nonlinear(skb))) return; skb->len = len; skb_set_tail_pointer(skb, len); } static inline void __skb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { __skb_set_length(skb, len); } void skb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); static inline int __pskb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb->data_len) return ___pskb_trim(skb, len); __skb_trim(skb, len); return 0; } static inline int pskb_trim(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return (len < skb->len) ? __pskb_trim(skb, len) : 0; } /** * pskb_trim_unique - remove end from a paged unique (not cloned) buffer * @skb: buffer to alter * @len: new length * * This is identical to pskb_trim except that the caller knows that * the skb is not cloned so we should never get an error due to out- * of-memory. */ static inline void pskb_trim_unique(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { int err = pskb_trim(skb, len); BUG_ON(err); } static inline int __skb_grow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { unsigned int diff = len - skb->len; if (skb_tailroom(skb) < diff) { int ret = pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, diff - skb_tailroom(skb), GFP_ATOMIC); if (ret) return ret; } __skb_set_length(skb, len); return 0; } /** * skb_orphan - orphan a buffer * @skb: buffer to orphan * * If a buffer currently has an owner then we call the owner's * destructor function and make the @skb unowned. The buffer continues * to exist but is no longer charged to its former owner. */ static inline void skb_orphan(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->destructor) { skb->destructor(skb); skb->destructor = NULL; skb->sk = NULL; } else { BUG_ON(skb->sk); } } /** * skb_orphan_frags - orphan the frags contained in a buffer * @skb: buffer to orphan frags from * @gfp_mask: allocation mask for replacement pages * * For each frag in the SKB which needs a destructor (i.e. has an * owner) create a copy of that frag and release the original * page by calling the destructor. */ static inline int skb_orphan_frags(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (likely(!skb_zcopy(skb))) return 0; if (!skb_zcopy_is_nouarg(skb) && skb_uarg(skb)->callback == sock_zerocopy_callback) return 0; return skb_copy_ubufs(skb, gfp_mask); } /* Frags must be orphaned, even if refcounted, if skb might loop to rx path */ static inline int skb_orphan_frags_rx(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (likely(!skb_zcopy(skb))) return 0; return skb_copy_ubufs(skb, gfp_mask); } /** * __skb_queue_purge - empty a list * @list: list to empty * * Delete all buffers on an &sk_buff list. Each buffer is removed from * the list and one reference dropped. This function does not take the * list lock and the caller must hold the relevant locks to use it. */ static inline void __skb_queue_purge(struct sk_buff_head *list) { struct sk_buff *skb; while ((skb = __skb_dequeue(list)) != NULL) kfree_skb(skb); } void skb_queue_purge(struct sk_buff_head *list); unsigned int skb_rbtree_purge(struct rb_root *root); void *netdev_alloc_frag(unsigned int fragsz); struct sk_buff *__netdev_alloc_skb(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp_mask); /** * netdev_alloc_skb - allocate an skbuff for rx on a specific device * @dev: network device to receive on * @length: length to allocate * * Allocate a new &sk_buff and assign it a usage count of one. The * buffer has unspecified headroom built in. Users should allocate * the headroom they think they need without accounting for the * built in space. The built in space is used for optimisations. * * %NULL is returned if there is no free memory. Although this function * allocates memory it can be called from an interrupt. */ static inline struct sk_buff *netdev_alloc_skb(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length) { return __netdev_alloc_skb(dev, length, GFP_ATOMIC); } /* legacy helper around __netdev_alloc_skb() */ static inline struct sk_buff *__dev_alloc_skb(unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __netdev_alloc_skb(NULL, length, gfp_mask); } /* legacy helper around netdev_alloc_skb() */ static inline struct sk_buff *dev_alloc_skb(unsigned int length) { return netdev_alloc_skb(NULL, length); } static inline struct sk_buff *__netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp) { struct sk_buff *skb = __netdev_alloc_skb(dev, length + NET_IP_ALIGN, gfp); if (NET_IP_ALIGN && skb) skb_reserve(skb, NET_IP_ALIGN); return skb; } static inline struct sk_buff *netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int length) { return __netdev_alloc_skb_ip_align(dev, length, GFP_ATOMIC); } static inline void skb_free_frag(void *addr) { page_frag_free(addr); } void *napi_alloc_frag(unsigned int fragsz); struct sk_buff *__napi_alloc_skb(struct napi_struct *napi, unsigned int length, gfp_t gfp_mask); static inline struct sk_buff *napi_alloc_skb(struct napi_struct *napi, unsigned int length) { return __napi_alloc_skb(napi, length, GFP_ATOMIC); } void napi_consume_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int budget); void __kfree_skb_flush(void); void __kfree_skb_defer(struct sk_buff *skb); /** * __dev_alloc_pages - allocate page for network Rx * @gfp_mask: allocation priority. Set __GFP_NOMEMALLOC if not for network Rx * @order: size of the allocation * * Allocate a new page. * * %NULL is returned if there is no free memory. */ static inline struct page *__dev_alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order) { /* This piece of code contains several assumptions. * 1. This is for device Rx, therefor a cold page is preferred. * 2. The expectation is the user wants a compound page. * 3. If requesting a order 0 page it will not be compound * due to the check to see if order has a value in prep_new_page * 4. __GFP_MEMALLOC is ignored if __GFP_NOMEMALLOC is set due to * code in gfp_to_alloc_flags that should be enforcing this. */ gfp_mask |= __GFP_COMP | __GFP_MEMALLOC; return alloc_pages_node(NUMA_NO_NODE, gfp_mask, order); } static inline struct page *dev_alloc_pages(unsigned int order) { return __dev_alloc_pages(GFP_ATOMIC | __GFP_NOWARN, order); } /** * __dev_alloc_page - allocate a page for network Rx * @gfp_mask: allocation priority. Set __GFP_NOMEMALLOC if not for network Rx * * Allocate a new page. * * %NULL is returned if there is no free memory. */ static inline struct page *__dev_alloc_page(gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __dev_alloc_pages(gfp_mask, 0); } static inline struct page *dev_alloc_page(void) { return dev_alloc_pages(0); } /** * skb_propagate_pfmemalloc - Propagate pfmemalloc if skb is allocated after RX page * @page: The page that was allocated from skb_alloc_page * @skb: The skb that may need pfmemalloc set */ static inline void skb_propagate_pfmemalloc(struct page *page, struct sk_buff *skb) { if (page_is_pfmemalloc(page)) skb->pfmemalloc = true; } /** * skb_frag_off() - Returns the offset of a skb fragment * @frag: the paged fragment */ static inline unsigned int skb_frag_off(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return frag->bv_offset; } /** * skb_frag_off_add() - Increments the offset of a skb fragment by @delta * @frag: skb fragment * @delta: value to add */ static inline void skb_frag_off_add(skb_frag_t *frag, int delta) { frag->bv_offset += delta; } /** * skb_frag_off_set() - Sets the offset of a skb fragment * @frag: skb fragment * @offset: offset of fragment */ static inline void skb_frag_off_set(skb_frag_t *frag, unsigned int offset) { frag->bv_offset = offset; } /** * skb_frag_off_copy() - Sets the offset of a skb fragment from another fragment * @fragto: skb fragment where offset is set * @fragfrom: skb fragment offset is copied from */ static inline void skb_frag_off_copy(skb_frag_t *fragto, const skb_frag_t *fragfrom) { fragto->bv_offset = fragfrom->bv_offset; } /** * skb_frag_page - retrieve the page referred to by a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment * * Returns the &struct page associated with @frag. */ static inline struct page *skb_frag_page(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return frag->bv_page; } /** * __skb_frag_ref - take an addition reference on a paged fragment. * @frag: the paged fragment * * Takes an additional reference on the paged fragment @frag. */ static inline void __skb_frag_ref(skb_frag_t *frag) { get_page(skb_frag_page(frag)); } /** * skb_frag_ref - take an addition reference on a paged fragment of an skb. * @skb: the buffer * @f: the fragment offset. * * Takes an additional reference on the @f'th paged fragment of @skb. */ static inline void skb_frag_ref(struct sk_buff *skb, int f) { __skb_frag_ref(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[f]); } /** * __skb_frag_unref - release a reference on a paged fragment. * @frag: the paged fragment * * Releases a reference on the paged fragment @frag. */ static inline void __skb_frag_unref(skb_frag_t *frag) { put_page(skb_frag_page(frag)); } /** * skb_frag_unref - release a reference on a paged fragment of an skb. * @skb: the buffer * @f: the fragment offset * * Releases a reference on the @f'th paged fragment of @skb. */ static inline void skb_frag_unref(struct sk_buff *skb, int f) { __skb_frag_unref(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[f]); } /** * skb_frag_address - gets the address of the data contained in a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment buffer * * Returns the address of the data within @frag. The page must already * be mapped. */ static inline void *skb_frag_address(const skb_frag_t *frag) { return page_address(skb_frag_page(frag)) + skb_frag_off(frag); } /** * skb_frag_address_safe - gets the address of the data contained in a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment buffer * * Returns the address of the data within @frag. Checks that the page * is mapped and returns %NULL otherwise. */ static inline void *skb_frag_address_safe(const skb_frag_t *frag) { void *ptr = page_address(skb_frag_page(frag)); if (unlikely(!ptr)) return NULL; return ptr + skb_frag_off(frag); } /** * skb_frag_page_copy() - sets the page in a fragment from another fragment * @fragto: skb fragment where page is set * @fragfrom: skb fragment page is copied from */ static inline void skb_frag_page_copy(skb_frag_t *fragto, const skb_frag_t *fragfrom) { fragto->bv_page = fragfrom->bv_page; } /** * __skb_frag_set_page - sets the page contained in a paged fragment * @frag: the paged fragment * @page: the page to set * * Sets the fragment @frag to contain @page. */ static inline void __skb_frag_set_page(skb_frag_t *frag, struct page *page) { frag->bv_page = page; } /** * skb_frag_set_page - sets the page contained in a paged fragment of an skb * @skb: the buffer * @f: the fragment offset * @page: the page to set * * Sets the @f'th fragment of @skb to contain @page. */ static inline void skb_frag_set_page(struct sk_buff *skb, int f, struct page *page) { __skb_frag_set_page(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[f], page); } bool skb_page_frag_refill(unsigned int sz, struct page_frag *pfrag, gfp_t prio); /** * skb_frag_dma_map - maps a paged fragment via the DMA API * @dev: the device to map the fragment to * @frag: the paged fragment to map * @offset: the offset within the fragment (starting at the * fragment's own offset) * @size: the number of bytes to map * @dir: the direction of the mapping (``PCI_DMA_*``) * * Maps the page associated with @frag to @device. */ static inline dma_addr_t skb_frag_dma_map(struct device *dev, const skb_frag_t *frag, size_t offset, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir) { return dma_map_page(dev, skb_frag_page(frag), skb_frag_off(frag) + offset, size, dir); } static inline struct sk_buff *pskb_copy(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __pskb_copy(skb, skb_headroom(skb), gfp_mask); } static inline struct sk_buff *pskb_copy_for_clone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __pskb_copy_fclone(skb, skb_headroom(skb), gfp_mask, true); } /** * skb_clone_writable - is the header of a clone writable * @skb: buffer to check * @len: length up to which to write * * Returns true if modifying the header part of the cloned buffer * does not requires the data to be copied. */ static inline int skb_clone_writable(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return !skb_header_cloned(skb) && skb_headroom(skb) + len <= skb->hdr_len; } static inline int skb_try_make_writable(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int write_len) { return skb_cloned(skb) && !skb_clone_writable(skb, write_len) && pskb_expand_head(skb, 0, 0, GFP_ATOMIC); } static inline int __skb_cow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom, int cloned) { int delta = 0; if (headroom > skb_headroom(skb)) delta = headroom - skb_headroom(skb); if (delta || cloned) return pskb_expand_head(skb, ALIGN(delta, NET_SKB_PAD), 0, GFP_ATOMIC); return 0; } /** * skb_cow - copy header of skb when it is required * @skb: buffer to cow * @headroom: needed headroom * * If the skb passed lacks sufficient headroom or its data part * is shared, data is reallocated. If reallocation fails, an error * is returned and original skb is not changed. * * The result is skb with writable area skb->head...skb->tail * and at least @headroom of space at head. */ static inline int skb_cow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom) { return __skb_cow(skb, headroom, skb_cloned(skb)); } /** * skb_cow_head - skb_cow but only making the head writable * @skb: buffer to cow * @headroom: needed headroom * * This function is identical to skb_cow except that we replace the * skb_cloned check by skb_header_cloned. It should be used when * you only need to push on some header and do not need to modify * the data. */ static inline int skb_cow_head(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int headroom) { return __skb_cow(skb, headroom, skb_header_cloned(skb)); } /** * skb_padto - pad an skbuff up to a minimal size * @skb: buffer to pad * @len: minimal length * * Pads up a buffer to ensure the trailing bytes exist and are * blanked. If the buffer already contains sufficient data it * is untouched. Otherwise it is extended. Returns zero on * success. The skb is freed on error. */ static inline int skb_padto(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { unsigned int size = skb->len; if (likely(size >= len)) return 0; return skb_pad(skb, len - size); } /** * __skb_put_padto - increase size and pad an skbuff up to a minimal size * @skb: buffer to pad * @len: minimal length * @free_on_error: free buffer on error * * Pads up a buffer to ensure the trailing bytes exist and are * blanked. If the buffer already contains sufficient data it * is untouched. Otherwise it is extended. Returns zero on * success. The skb is freed on error if @free_on_error is true. */ static inline int __must_check __skb_put_padto(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len, bool free_on_error) { unsigned int size = skb->len; if (unlikely(size < len)) { len -= size; if (__skb_pad(skb, len, free_on_error)) return -ENOMEM; __skb_put(skb, len); } return 0; } /** * skb_put_padto - increase size and pad an skbuff up to a minimal size * @skb: buffer to pad * @len: minimal length * * Pads up a buffer to ensure the trailing bytes exist and are * blanked. If the buffer already contains sufficient data it * is untouched. Otherwise it is extended. Returns zero on * success. The skb is freed on error. */ static inline int __must_check skb_put_padto(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { return __skb_put_padto(skb, len, true); } static inline int skb_add_data(struct sk_buff *skb, struct iov_iter *from, int copy) { const int off = skb->len; if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) { __wsum csum = 0; if (csum_and_copy_from_iter_full(skb_put(skb, copy), copy, &csum, from)) { skb->csum = csum_block_add(skb->csum, csum, off); return 0; } } else if (copy_from_iter_full(skb_put(skb, copy), copy, from)) return 0; __skb_trim(skb, off); return -EFAULT; } static inline bool skb_can_coalesce(struct sk_buff *skb, int i, const struct page *page, int off) { if (skb_zcopy(skb)) return false; if (i) { const skb_frag_t *frag = &skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i - 1]; return page == skb_frag_page(frag) && off == skb_frag_off(frag) + skb_frag_size(frag); } return false; } static inline int __skb_linearize(struct sk_buff *skb) { return __pskb_pull_tail(skb, skb->data_len) ? 0 : -ENOMEM; } /** * skb_linearize - convert paged skb to linear one * @skb: buffer to linarize * * If there is no free memory -ENOMEM is returned, otherwise zero * is returned and the old skb data released. */ static inline int skb_linearize(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) ? __skb_linearize(skb) : 0; } /** * skb_has_shared_frag - can any frag be overwritten * @skb: buffer to test * * Return true if the skb has at least one frag that might be modified * by an external entity (as in vmsplice()/sendfile()) */ static inline bool skb_has_shared_frag(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) && skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags & SKBTX_SHARED_FRAG; } /** * skb_linearize_cow - make sure skb is linear and writable * @skb: buffer to process * * If there is no free memory -ENOMEM is returned, otherwise zero * is returned and the old skb data released. */ static inline int skb_linearize_cow(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) || skb_cloned(skb) ? __skb_linearize(skb) : 0; } static __always_inline void __skb_postpull_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len, unsigned int off) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_block_sub(skb->csum, csum_partial(start, len, 0), off); else if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL && skb_checksum_start_offset(skb) < 0) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; } /** * skb_postpull_rcsum - update checksum for received skb after pull * @skb: buffer to update * @start: start of data before pull * @len: length of data pulled * * After doing a pull on a received packet, you need to call this to * update the CHECKSUM_COMPLETE checksum, or set ip_summed to * CHECKSUM_NONE so that it can be recomputed from scratch. */ static inline void skb_postpull_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len) { __skb_postpull_rcsum(skb, start, len, 0); } static __always_inline void __skb_postpush_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len, unsigned int off) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->csum = csum_block_add(skb->csum, csum_partial(start, len, 0), off); } /** * skb_postpush_rcsum - update checksum for received skb after push * @skb: buffer to update * @start: start of data after push * @len: length of data pushed * * After doing a push on a received packet, you need to call this to * update the CHECKSUM_COMPLETE checksum. */ static inline void skb_postpush_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *start, unsigned int len) { __skb_postpush_rcsum(skb, start, len, 0); } void *skb_pull_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); /** * skb_push_rcsum - push skb and update receive checksum * @skb: buffer to update * @len: length of data pulled * * This function performs an skb_push on the packet and updates * the CHECKSUM_COMPLETE checksum. It should be used on * receive path processing instead of skb_push unless you know * that the checksum difference is zero (e.g., a valid IP header) * or you are setting ip_summed to CHECKSUM_NONE. */ static inline void *skb_push_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { skb_push(skb, len); skb_postpush_rcsum(skb, skb->data, len); return skb->data; } int pskb_trim_rcsum_slow(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); /** * pskb_trim_rcsum - trim received skb and update checksum * @skb: buffer to trim * @len: new length * * This is exactly the same as pskb_trim except that it ensures the * checksum of received packets are still valid after the operation. * It can change skb pointers. */ static inline int pskb_trim_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (likely(len >= skb->len)) return 0; return pskb_trim_rcsum_slow(skb, len); } static inline int __skb_trim_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; __skb_trim(skb, len); return 0; } static inline int __skb_grow_rcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; return __skb_grow(skb, len); } #define rb_to_skb(rb) rb_entry_safe(rb, struct sk_buff, rbnode) #define skb_rb_first(root) rb_to_skb(rb_first(root)) #define skb_rb_last(root) rb_to_skb(rb_last(root)) #define skb_rb_next(skb) rb_to_skb(rb_next(&(skb)->rbnode)) #define skb_rb_prev(skb) rb_to_skb(rb_prev(&(skb)->rbnode)) #define skb_queue_walk(queue, skb) \ for (skb = (queue)->next; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = skb->next) #define skb_queue_walk_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (skb = (queue)->next, tmp = skb->next; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->next) #define skb_queue_walk_from(queue, skb) \ for (; skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = skb->next) #define skb_rbtree_walk(skb, root) \ for (skb = skb_rb_first(root); skb != NULL; \ skb = skb_rb_next(skb)) #define skb_rbtree_walk_from(skb) \ for (; skb != NULL; \ skb = skb_rb_next(skb)) #define skb_rbtree_walk_from_safe(skb, tmp) \ for (; tmp = skb ? skb_rb_next(skb) : NULL, (skb != NULL); \ skb = tmp) #define skb_queue_walk_from_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (tmp = skb->next; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->next) #define skb_queue_reverse_walk(queue, skb) \ for (skb = (queue)->prev; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = skb->prev) #define skb_queue_reverse_walk_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (skb = (queue)->prev, tmp = skb->prev; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->prev) #define skb_queue_reverse_walk_from_safe(queue, skb, tmp) \ for (tmp = skb->prev; \ skb != (struct sk_buff *)(queue); \ skb = tmp, tmp = skb->prev) static inline bool skb_has_frag_list(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list != NULL; } static inline void skb_frag_list_init(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list = NULL; } #define skb_walk_frags(skb, iter) \ for (iter = skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list; iter; iter = iter->next) int __skb_wait_for_more_packets(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, int *err, long *timeo_p, const struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *__skb_try_recv_from_queue(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err, struct sk_buff **last); struct sk_buff *__skb_try_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err, struct sk_buff **last); struct sk_buff *__skb_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff_head *sk_queue, unsigned int flags, int *off, int *err); struct sk_buff *skb_recv_datagram(struct sock *sk, unsigned flags, int noblock, int *err); __poll_t datagram_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, struct poll_table_struct *wait); int skb_copy_datagram_iter(const struct sk_buff *from, int offset, struct iov_iter *to, int size); static inline int skb_copy_datagram_msg(const struct sk_buff *from, int offset, struct msghdr *msg, int size) { return skb_copy_datagram_iter(from, offset, &msg->msg_iter, size); } int skb_copy_and_csum_datagram_msg(struct sk_buff *skb, int hlen, struct msghdr *msg); int skb_copy_and_hash_datagram_iter(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, struct iov_iter *to, int len, struct ahash_request *hash); int skb_copy_datagram_from_iter(struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, struct iov_iter *from, int len); int zerocopy_sg_from_iter(struct sk_buff *skb, struct iov_iter *frm); void skb_free_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void __skb_free_datagram_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int len); static inline void skb_free_datagram_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { __skb_free_datagram_locked(sk, skb, 0); } int skb_kill_datagram(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int flags); int skb_copy_bits(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, void *to, int len); int skb_store_bits(struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, const void *from, int len); __wsum skb_copy_and_csum_bits(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, u8 *to, int len); int skb_splice_bits(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk, unsigned int offset, struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, unsigned int len, unsigned int flags); int skb_send_sock_locked(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len); void skb_copy_and_csum_dev(const struct sk_buff *skb, u8 *to); unsigned int skb_zerocopy_headlen(const struct sk_buff *from); int skb_zerocopy(struct sk_buff *to, struct sk_buff *from, int len, int hlen); void skb_split(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sk_buff *skb1, const u32 len); int skb_shift(struct sk_buff *tgt, struct sk_buff *skb, int shiftlen); void skb_scrub_packet(struct sk_buff *skb, bool xnet); bool skb_gso_validate_network_len(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int mtu); bool skb_gso_validate_mac_len(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int len); struct sk_buff *skb_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features); struct sk_buff *skb_segment_list(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features, unsigned int offset); struct sk_buff *skb_vlan_untag(struct sk_buff *skb); int skb_ensure_writable(struct sk_buff *skb, int write_len); int __skb_vlan_pop(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 *vlan_tci); int skb_vlan_pop(struct sk_buff *skb); int skb_vlan_push(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 vlan_proto, u16 vlan_tci); int skb_eth_pop(struct sk_buff *skb); int skb_eth_push(struct sk_buff *skb, const unsigned char *dst, const unsigned char *src); int skb_mpls_push(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 mpls_lse, __be16 mpls_proto, int mac_len, bool ethernet); int skb_mpls_pop(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 next_proto, int mac_len, bool ethernet); int skb_mpls_update_lse(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 mpls_lse); int skb_mpls_dec_ttl(struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *pskb_extract(struct sk_buff *skb, int off, int to_copy, gfp_t gfp); static inline int memcpy_from_msg(void *data, struct msghdr *msg, int len) { return copy_from_iter_full(data, len, &msg->msg_iter) ? 0 : -EFAULT; } static inline int memcpy_to_msg(struct msghdr *msg, void *data, int len) { return copy_to_iter(data, len, &msg->msg_iter) == len ? 0 : -EFAULT; } struct skb_checksum_ops { __wsum (*update)(const void *mem, int len, __wsum wsum); __wsum (*combine)(__wsum csum, __wsum csum2, int offset, int len); }; extern const struct skb_checksum_ops *crc32c_csum_stub __read_mostly; __wsum __skb_checksum(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, __wsum csum, const struct skb_checksum_ops *ops); __wsum skb_checksum(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, __wsum csum); static inline void * __must_check __skb_header_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, void *data, int hlen, void *buffer) { if (hlen - offset >= len) return data + offset; if (!skb || skb_copy_bits(skb, offset, buffer, len) < 0) return NULL; return buffer; } static inline void * __must_check skb_header_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int len, void *buffer) { return __skb_header_pointer(skb, offset, len, skb->data, skb_headlen(skb), buffer); } /** * skb_needs_linearize - check if we need to linearize a given skb * depending on the given device features. * @skb: socket buffer to check * @features: net device features * * Returns true if either: * 1. skb has frag_list and the device doesn't support FRAGLIST, or * 2. skb is fragmented and the device does not support SG. */ static inline bool skb_needs_linearize(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features) { return skb_is_nonlinear(skb) && ((skb_has_frag_list(skb) && !(features & NETIF_F_FRAGLIST)) || (skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags && !(features & NETIF_F_SG))); } static inline void skb_copy_from_linear_data(const struct sk_buff *skb, void *to, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(to, skb->data, len); } static inline void skb_copy_from_linear_data_offset(const struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset, void *to, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(to, skb->data + offset, len); } static inline void skb_copy_to_linear_data(struct sk_buff *skb, const void *from, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(skb->data, from, len); } static inline void skb_copy_to_linear_data_offset(struct sk_buff *skb, const int offset, const void *from, const unsigned int len) { memcpy(skb->data + offset, from, len); } void skb_init(void); static inline ktime_t skb_get_ktime(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->tstamp; } /** * skb_get_timestamp - get timestamp from a skb * @skb: skb to get stamp from * @stamp: pointer to struct __kernel_old_timeval to store stamp in * * Timestamps are stored in the skb as offsets to a base timestamp. * This function converts the offset back to a struct timeval and stores * it in stamp. */ static inline void skb_get_timestamp(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_old_timeval *stamp) { *stamp = ns_to_kernel_old_timeval(skb->tstamp); } static inline void skb_get_new_timestamp(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_sock_timeval *stamp) { struct timespec64 ts = ktime_to_timespec64(skb->tstamp); stamp->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec; stamp->tv_usec = ts.tv_nsec / 1000; } static inline void skb_get_timestampns(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_old_timespec *stamp) { struct timespec64 ts = ktime_to_timespec64(skb->tstamp); stamp->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec; stamp->tv_nsec = ts.tv_nsec; } static inline void skb_get_new_timestampns(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct __kernel_timespec *stamp) { struct timespec64 ts = ktime_to_timespec64(skb->tstamp); stamp->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec; stamp->tv_nsec = ts.tv_nsec; } static inline void __net_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->tstamp = ktime_get_real(); } static inline ktime_t net_timedelta(ktime_t t) { return ktime_sub(ktime_get_real(), t); } static inline ktime_t net_invalid_timestamp(void) { return 0; } static inline u8 skb_metadata_len(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->meta_len; } static inline void *skb_metadata_end(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_mac_header(skb); } static inline bool __skb_metadata_differs(const struct sk_buff *skb_a, const struct sk_buff *skb_b, u8 meta_len) { const void *a = skb_metadata_end(skb_a); const void *b = skb_metadata_end(skb_b); /* Using more efficient varaiant than plain call to memcmp(). */ #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && BITS_PER_LONG == 64 u64 diffs = 0; switch (meta_len) { #define __it(x, op) (x -= sizeof(u##op)) #define __it_diff(a, b, op) (*(u##op *)__it(a, op)) ^ (*(u##op *)__it(b, op)) case 32: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 24: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 16: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 8: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); break; case 28: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 20: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 12: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 64); fallthrough; case 4: diffs |= __it_diff(a, b, 32); break; } return diffs; #else return memcmp(a - meta_len, b - meta_len, meta_len); #endif } static inline bool skb_metadata_differs(const struct sk_buff *skb_a, const struct sk_buff *skb_b) { u8 len_a = skb_metadata_len(skb_a); u8 len_b = skb_metadata_len(skb_b); if (!(len_a | len_b)) return false; return len_a != len_b ? true : __skb_metadata_differs(skb_a, skb_b, len_a); } static inline void skb_metadata_set(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 meta_len) { skb_shinfo(skb)->meta_len = meta_len; } static inline void skb_metadata_clear(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_metadata_set(skb, 0); } struct sk_buff *skb_clone_sk(struct sk_buff *skb); #ifdef CONFIG_NETWORK_PHY_TIMESTAMPING void skb_clone_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb); bool skb_defer_rx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb); #else /* CONFIG_NETWORK_PHY_TIMESTAMPING */ static inline void skb_clone_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { } static inline bool skb_defer_rx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { return false; } #endif /* !CONFIG_NETWORK_PHY_TIMESTAMPING */ /** * skb_complete_tx_timestamp() - deliver cloned skb with tx timestamps * * PHY drivers may accept clones of transmitted packets for * timestamping via their phy_driver.txtstamp method. These drivers * must call this function to return the skb back to the stack with a * timestamp. * * @skb: clone of the original outgoing packet * @hwtstamps: hardware time stamps * */ void skb_complete_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb, struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *hwtstamps); void __skb_tstamp_tx(struct sk_buff *orig_skb, struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *hwtstamps, struct sock *sk, int tstype); /** * skb_tstamp_tx - queue clone of skb with send time stamps * @orig_skb: the original outgoing packet * @hwtstamps: hardware time stamps, may be NULL if not available * * If the skb has a socket associated, then this function clones the * skb (thus sharing the actual data and optional structures), stores * the optional hardware time stamping information (if non NULL) or * generates a software time stamp (otherwise), then queues the clone * to the error queue of the socket. Errors are silently ignored. */ void skb_tstamp_tx(struct sk_buff *orig_skb, struct skb_shared_hwtstamps *hwtstamps); /** * skb_tx_timestamp() - Driver hook for transmit timestamping * * Ethernet MAC Drivers should call this function in their hard_xmit() * function immediately before giving the sk_buff to the MAC hardware. * * Specifically, one should make absolutely sure that this function is * called before TX completion of this packet can trigger. Otherwise * the packet could potentially already be freed. * * @skb: A socket buffer. */ static inline void skb_tx_timestamp(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_clone_tx_timestamp(skb); if (skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags & SKBTX_SW_TSTAMP) skb_tstamp_tx(skb, NULL); } /** * skb_complete_wifi_ack - deliver skb with wifi status * * @skb: the original outgoing packet * @acked: ack status * */ void skb_complete_wifi_ack(struct sk_buff *skb, bool acked); __sum16 __skb_checksum_complete_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int len); __sum16 __skb_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb); static inline int skb_csum_unnecessary(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return ((skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) || skb->csum_valid || (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL && skb_checksum_start_offset(skb) >= 0)); } /** * skb_checksum_complete - Calculate checksum of an entire packet * @skb: packet to process * * This function calculates the checksum over the entire packet plus * the value of skb->csum. The latter can be used to supply the * checksum of a pseudo header as used by TCP/UDP. It returns the * checksum. * * For protocols that contain complete checksums such as ICMP/TCP/UDP, * this function can be used to verify that checksum on received * packets. In that case the function should return zero if the * checksum is correct. In particular, this function will return zero * if skb->ip_summed is CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY which indicates that the * hardware has already verified the correctness of the checksum. */ static inline __sum16 skb_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) ? 0 : __skb_checksum_complete(skb); } static inline void __skb_decr_checksum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) { if (skb->csum_level == 0) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; else skb->csum_level--; } } static inline void __skb_incr_checksum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) { if (skb->csum_level < SKB_MAX_CSUM_LEVEL) skb->csum_level++; } else if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) { skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY; skb->csum_level = 0; } } static inline void __skb_reset_checksum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY) { skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; skb->csum_level = 0; } } /* Check if we need to perform checksum complete validation. * * Returns true if checksum complete is needed, false otherwise * (either checksum is unnecessary or zero checksum is allowed). */ static inline bool __skb_checksum_validate_needed(struct sk_buff *skb, bool zero_okay, __sum16 check) { if (skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) || (zero_okay && !check)) { skb->csum_valid = 1; __skb_decr_checksum_unnecessary(skb); return false; } return true; } /* For small packets <= CHECKSUM_BREAK perform checksum complete directly * in checksum_init. */ #define CHECKSUM_BREAK 76 /* Unset checksum-complete * * Unset checksum complete can be done when packet is being modified * (uncompressed for instance) and checksum-complete value is * invalidated. */ static inline void skb_checksum_complete_unset(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; } /* Validate (init) checksum based on checksum complete. * * Return values: * 0: checksum is validated or try to in skb_checksum_complete. In the latter * case the ip_summed will not be CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY and the pseudo * checksum is stored in skb->csum for use in __skb_checksum_complete * non-zero: value of invalid checksum * */ static inline __sum16 __skb_checksum_validate_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, bool complete, __wsum psum) { if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) { if (!csum_fold(csum_add(psum, skb->csum))) { skb->csum_valid = 1; return 0; } } skb->csum = psum; if (complete || skb->len <= CHECKSUM_BREAK) { __sum16 csum; csum = __skb_checksum_complete(skb); skb->csum_valid = !csum; return csum; } return 0; } static inline __wsum null_compute_pseudo(struct sk_buff *skb, int proto) { return 0; } /* Perform checksum validate (init). Note that this is a macro since we only * want to calculate the pseudo header which is an input function if necessary. * First we try to validate without any computation (checksum unnecessary) and * then calculate based on checksum complete calling the function to compute * pseudo header. * * Return values: * 0: checksum is validated or try to in skb_checksum_complete * non-zero: value of invalid checksum */ #define __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, complete, \ zero_okay, check, compute_pseudo) \ ({ \ __sum16 __ret = 0; \ skb->csum_valid = 0; \ if (__skb_checksum_validate_needed(skb, zero_okay, check)) \ __ret = __skb_checksum_validate_complete(skb, \ complete, compute_pseudo(skb, proto)); \ __ret; \ }) #define skb_checksum_init(skb, proto, compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, false, false, 0, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_init_zero_check(skb, proto, check, compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, false, true, check, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, true, false, 0, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_validate_zero_check(skb, proto, check, \ compute_pseudo) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, proto, true, true, check, compute_pseudo) #define skb_checksum_simple_validate(skb) \ __skb_checksum_validate(skb, 0, true, false, 0, null_compute_pseudo) static inline bool __skb_checksum_convert_check(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE && skb->csum_valid); } static inline void __skb_checksum_convert(struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum pseudo) { skb->csum = ~pseudo; skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_COMPLETE; } #define skb_checksum_try_convert(skb, proto, compute_pseudo) \ do { \ if (__skb_checksum_convert_check(skb)) \ __skb_checksum_convert(skb, compute_pseudo(skb, proto)); \ } while (0) static inline void skb_remcsum_adjust_partial(struct sk_buff *skb, void *ptr, u16 start, u16 offset) { skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL; skb->csum_start = ((unsigned char *)ptr + start) - skb->head; skb->csum_offset = offset - start; } /* Update skbuf and packet to reflect the remote checksum offload operation. * When called, ptr indicates the starting point for skb->csum when * ip_summed is CHECKSUM_COMPLETE. If we need create checksum complete * here, skb_postpull_rcsum is done so skb->csum start is ptr. */ static inline void skb_remcsum_process(struct sk_buff *skb, void *ptr, int start, int offset, bool nopartial) { __wsum delta; if (!nopartial) { skb_remcsum_adjust_partial(skb, ptr, start, offset); return; } if (unlikely(skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_COMPLETE)) { __skb_checksum_complete(skb); skb_postpull_rcsum(skb, skb->data, ptr - (void *)skb->data); } delta = remcsum_adjust(ptr, skb->csum, start, offset); /* Adjust skb->csum since we changed the packet */ skb->csum = csum_add(skb->csum, delta); } static inline struct nf_conntrack *skb_nfct(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) return (void *)(skb->_nfct & NFCT_PTRMASK); #else return NULL; #endif } static inline unsigned long skb_get_nfct(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) return skb->_nfct; #else return 0UL; #endif } static inline void skb_set_nfct(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned long nfct) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) skb->_nfct = nfct; #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS enum skb_ext_id { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BRIDGE_NETFILTER) SKB_EXT_BRIDGE_NF, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_TC_SKB_EXT) TC_SKB_EXT, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MPTCP) SKB_EXT_MPTCP, #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KCOV) SKB_EXT_KCOV_HANDLE, #endif SKB_EXT_NUM, /* must be last */ }; /** * struct skb_ext - sk_buff extensions * @refcnt: 1 on allocation, deallocated on 0 * @offset: offset to add to @data to obtain extension address * @chunks: size currently allocated, stored in SKB_EXT_ALIGN_SHIFT units * @data: start of extension data, variable sized * * Note: offsets/lengths are stored in chunks of 8 bytes, this allows * to use 'u8' types while allowing up to 2kb worth of extension data. */ struct skb_ext { refcount_t refcnt; u8 offset[SKB_EXT_NUM]; /* in chunks of 8 bytes */ u8 chunks; /* same */ char data[] __aligned(8); }; struct skb_ext *__skb_ext_alloc(gfp_t flags); void *__skb_ext_set(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id, struct skb_ext *ext); void *skb_ext_add(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id); void __skb_ext_del(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id); void __skb_ext_put(struct skb_ext *ext); static inline void skb_ext_put(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (skb->active_extensions) __skb_ext_put(skb->extensions); } static inline void __skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src) { dst->active_extensions = src->active_extensions; if (src->active_extensions) { struct skb_ext *ext = src->extensions; refcount_inc(&ext->refcnt); dst->extensions = ext; } } static inline void skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src) { skb_ext_put(dst); __skb_ext_copy(dst, src); } static inline bool __skb_ext_exist(const struct skb_ext *ext, enum skb_ext_id i) { return !!ext->offset[i]; } static inline bool skb_ext_exist(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id) { return skb->active_extensions & (1 << id); } static inline void skb_ext_del(struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id) { if (skb_ext_exist(skb, id)) __skb_ext_del(skb, id); } static inline void *skb_ext_find(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum skb_ext_id id) { if (skb_ext_exist(skb, id)) { struct skb_ext *ext = skb->extensions; return (void *)ext + (ext->offset[id] << 3); } return NULL; } static inline void skb_ext_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (unlikely(skb->active_extensions)) { __skb_ext_put(skb->extensions); skb->active_extensions = 0; } } static inline bool skb_has_extensions(struct sk_buff *skb) { return unlikely(skb->active_extensions); } #else static inline void skb_ext_put(struct sk_buff *skb) {} static inline void skb_ext_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) {} static inline void skb_ext_del(struct sk_buff *skb, int unused) {} static inline void __skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *d, const struct sk_buff *s) {} static inline void skb_ext_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *s) {} static inline bool skb_has_extensions(struct sk_buff *skb) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS */ static inline void nf_reset_ct(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) nf_conntrack_put(skb_nfct(skb)); skb->_nfct = 0; #endif } static inline void nf_reset_trace(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) skb->nf_trace = 0; #endif } static inline void ipvs_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP_VS) skb->ipvs_property = 0; #endif } /* Note: This doesn't put any conntrack info in dst. */ static inline void __nf_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src, bool copy) { #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) dst->_nfct = src->_nfct; nf_conntrack_get(skb_nfct(src)); #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_TRACE) || defined(CONFIG_NF_TABLES) if (copy) dst->nf_trace = src->nf_trace; #endif } static inline void nf_copy(struct sk_buff *dst, const struct sk_buff *src) { #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK) || defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MODULE) nf_conntrack_put(skb_nfct(dst)); #endif __nf_copy(dst, src, true); } #ifdef CONFIG_NETWORK_SECMARK static inline void skb_copy_secmark(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { to->secmark = from->secmark; } static inline void skb_init_secmark(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb->secmark = 0; } #else static inline void skb_copy_secmark(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { } static inline void skb_init_secmark(struct sk_buff *skb) { } #endif static inline int secpath_exists(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM return skb_ext_exist(skb, SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH); #else return 0; #endif } static inline bool skb_irq_freeable(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb->destructor && !secpath_exists(skb) && !skb_nfct(skb) && !skb->_skb_refdst && !skb_has_frag_list(skb); } static inline void skb_set_queue_mapping(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 queue_mapping) { skb->queue_mapping = queue_mapping; } static inline u16 skb_get_queue_mapping(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->queue_mapping; } static inline void skb_copy_queue_mapping(struct sk_buff *to, const struct sk_buff *from) { to->queue_mapping = from->queue_mapping; } static inline void skb_record_rx_queue(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 rx_queue) { skb->queue_mapping = rx_queue + 1; } static inline u16 skb_get_rx_queue(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->queue_mapping - 1; } static inline bool skb_rx_queue_recorded(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->queue_mapping != 0; } static inline void skb_set_dst_pending_confirm(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 val) { skb->dst_pending_confirm = val; } static inline bool skb_get_dst_pending_confirm(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->dst_pending_confirm != 0; } static inline struct sec_path *skb_sec_path(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_XFRM return skb_ext_find(skb, SKB_EXT_SEC_PATH); #else return NULL; #endif } /* Keeps track of mac header offset relative to skb->head. * It is useful for TSO of Tunneling protocol. e.g. GRE. * For non-tunnel skb it points to skb_mac_header() and for * tunnel skb it points to outer mac header. * Keeps track of level of encapsulation of network headers. */ struct skb_gso_cb { union { int mac_offset; int data_offset; }; int encap_level; __wsum csum; __u16 csum_start; }; #define SKB_GSO_CB_OFFSET 32 #define SKB_GSO_CB(skb) ((struct skb_gso_cb *)((skb)->cb + SKB_GSO_CB_OFFSET)) static inline int skb_tnl_header_len(const struct sk_buff *inner_skb) { return (skb_mac_header(inner_skb) - inner_skb->head) - SKB_GSO_CB(inner_skb)->mac_offset; } static inline int gso_pskb_expand_head(struct sk_buff *skb, int extra) { int new_headroom, headroom; int ret; headroom = skb_headroom(skb); ret = pskb_expand_head(skb, extra, 0, GFP_ATOMIC); if (ret) return ret; new_headroom = skb_headroom(skb); SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->mac_offset += (new_headroom - headroom); return 0; } static inline void gso_reset_checksum(struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum res) { /* Do not update partial checksums if remote checksum is enabled. */ if (skb->remcsum_offload) return; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum = res; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start = skb_checksum_start(skb) - skb->head; } /* Compute the checksum for a gso segment. First compute the checksum value * from the start of transport header to SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start, and * then add in skb->csum (checksum from csum_start to end of packet). * skb->csum and csum_start are then updated to reflect the checksum of the * resultant packet starting from the transport header-- the resultant checksum * is in the res argument (i.e. normally zero or ~ of checksum of a pseudo * header. */ static inline __sum16 gso_make_checksum(struct sk_buff *skb, __wsum res) { unsigned char *csum_start = skb_transport_header(skb); int plen = (skb->head + SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start) - csum_start; __wsum partial = SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum = res; SKB_GSO_CB(skb)->csum_start = csum_start - skb->head; return csum_fold(csum_partial(csum_start, plen, partial)); } static inline bool skb_is_gso(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size; } /* Note: Should be called only if skb_is_gso(skb) is true */ static inline bool skb_is_gso_v6(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_TCPV6; } /* Note: Should be called only if skb_is_gso(skb) is true */ static inline bool skb_is_gso_sctp(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & SKB_GSO_SCTP; } /* Note: Should be called only if skb_is_gso(skb) is true */ static inline bool skb_is_gso_tcp(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type & (SKB_GSO_TCPV4 | SKB_GSO_TCPV6); } static inline void skb_gso_reset(struct sk_buff *skb) { skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size = 0; skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs = 0; skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type = 0; } static inline void skb_increase_gso_size(struct skb_shared_info *shinfo, u16 increment) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(shinfo->gso_size == GSO_BY_FRAGS)) return; shinfo->gso_size += increment; } static inline void skb_decrease_gso_size(struct skb_shared_info *shinfo, u16 decrement) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE(shinfo->gso_size == GSO_BY_FRAGS)) return; shinfo->gso_size -= decrement; } void __skb_warn_lro_forwarding(const struct sk_buff *skb); static inline bool skb_warn_if_lro(const struct sk_buff *skb) { /* LRO sets gso_size but not gso_type, whereas if GSO is really * wanted then gso_type will be set. */ const struct skb_shared_info *shinfo = skb_shinfo(skb); if (skb_is_nonlinear(skb) && shinfo->gso_size != 0 && unlikely(shinfo->gso_type == 0)) { __skb_warn_lro_forwarding(skb); return true; } return false; } static inline void skb_forward_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { /* Unfortunately we don't support this one. Any brave souls? */ if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_COMPLETE) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE; } /** * skb_checksum_none_assert - make sure skb ip_summed is CHECKSUM_NONE * @skb: skb to check * * fresh skbs have their ip_summed set to CHECKSUM_NONE. * Instead of forcing ip_summed to CHECKSUM_NONE, we can * use this helper, to document places where we make this assertion. */ static inline void skb_checksum_none_assert(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef DEBUG BUG_ON(skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_NONE); #endif } bool skb_partial_csum_set(struct sk_buff *skb, u16 start, u16 off); int skb_checksum_setup(struct sk_buff *skb, bool recalculate); struct sk_buff *skb_checksum_trimmed(struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int transport_len, __sum16(*skb_chkf)(struct sk_buff *skb)); /** * skb_head_is_locked - Determine if the skb->head is locked down * @skb: skb to check * * The head on skbs build around a head frag can be removed if they are * not cloned. This function returns true if the skb head is locked down * due to either being allocated via kmalloc, or by being a clone with * multiple references to the head. */ static inline bool skb_head_is_locked(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb->head_frag || skb_cloned(skb); } /* Local Checksum Offload. * Compute outer checksum based on the assumption that the * inner checksum will be offloaded later. * See Documentation/networking/checksum-offloads.rst for * explanation of how this works. * Fill in outer checksum adjustment (e.g. with sum of outer * pseudo-header) before calling. * Also ensure that inner checksum is in linear data area. */ static inline __wsum lco_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { unsigned char *csum_start = skb_checksum_start(skb); unsigned char *l4_hdr = skb_transport_header(skb); __wsum partial; /* Start with complement of inner checksum adjustment */ partial = ~csum_unfold(*(__force __sum16 *)(csum_start + skb->csum_offset)); /* Add in checksum of our headers (incl. outer checksum * adjustment filled in by caller) and return result. */ return csum_partial(l4_hdr, csum_start - l4_hdr, partial); } static inline bool skb_is_redirected(const struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT return skb->redirected; #else return false; #endif } static inline void skb_set_redirected(struct sk_buff *skb, bool from_ingress) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT skb->redirected = 1; skb->from_ingress = from_ingress; if (skb->from_ingress) skb->tstamp = 0; #endif } static inline void skb_reset_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb) { #ifdef CONFIG_NET_REDIRECT skb->redirected = 0; #endif } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KCOV) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS) static inline void skb_set_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb, const u64 kcov_handle) { /* Do not allocate skb extensions only to set kcov_handle to zero * (as it is zero by default). However, if the extensions are * already allocated, update kcov_handle anyway since * skb_set_kcov_handle can be called to zero a previously set * value. */ if (skb_has_extensions(skb) || kcov_handle) { u64 *kcov_handle_ptr = skb_ext_add(skb, SKB_EXT_KCOV_HANDLE); if (kcov_handle_ptr) *kcov_handle_ptr = kcov_handle; } } static inline u64 skb_get_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb) { u64 *kcov_handle = skb_ext_find(skb, SKB_EXT_KCOV_HANDLE); return kcov_handle ? *kcov_handle : 0; } #else static inline void skb_set_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb, const u64 kcov_handle) { } static inline u64 skb_get_kcov_handle(struct sk_buff *skb) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_KCOV && CONFIG_SKB_EXTENSIONS */ #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_SKBUFF_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MMAN_H #define _LINUX_MMAN_H #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <uapi/linux/mman.h> /* * Arrange for legacy / undefined architecture specific flags to be * ignored by mmap handling code. */ #ifndef MAP_32BIT #define MAP_32BIT 0 #endif #ifndef MAP_HUGE_2MB #define MAP_HUGE_2MB 0 #endif #ifndef MAP_HUGE_1GB #define MAP_HUGE_1GB 0 #endif #ifndef MAP_UNINITIALIZED #define MAP_UNINITIALIZED 0 #endif #ifndef MAP_SYNC #define MAP_SYNC 0 #endif /* * The historical set of flags that all mmap implementations implicitly * support when a ->mmap_validate() op is not provided in file_operations. */ #define LEGACY_MAP_MASK (MAP_SHARED \ | MAP_PRIVATE \ | MAP_FIXED \ | MAP_ANONYMOUS \ | MAP_DENYWRITE \ | MAP_EXECUTABLE \ | MAP_UNINITIALIZED \ | MAP_GROWSDOWN \ | MAP_LOCKED \ | MAP_NORESERVE \ | MAP_POPULATE \ | MAP_NONBLOCK \ | MAP_STACK \ | MAP_HUGETLB \ | MAP_32BIT \ | MAP_HUGE_2MB \ | MAP_HUGE_1GB) extern int sysctl_overcommit_memory; extern int sysctl_overcommit_ratio; extern unsigned long sysctl_overcommit_kbytes; extern struct percpu_counter vm_committed_as; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern s32 vm_committed_as_batch; extern void mm_compute_batch(int overcommit_policy); #else #define vm_committed_as_batch 0 static inline void mm_compute_batch(int overcommit_policy) { } #endif unsigned long vm_memory_committed(void); static inline void vm_acct_memory(long pages) { percpu_counter_add_batch(&vm_committed_as, pages, vm_committed_as_batch); } static inline void vm_unacct_memory(long pages) { vm_acct_memory(-pages); } /* * Allow architectures to handle additional protection and flag bits. The * overriding macros must be defined in the arch-specific asm/mman.h file. */ #ifndef arch_calc_vm_prot_bits #define arch_calc_vm_prot_bits(prot, pkey) 0 #endif #ifndef arch_calc_vm_flag_bits #define arch_calc_vm_flag_bits(flags) 0 #endif #ifndef arch_vm_get_page_prot #define arch_vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags) __pgprot(0) #endif #ifndef arch_validate_prot /* * This is called from mprotect(). PROT_GROWSDOWN and PROT_GROWSUP have * already been masked out. * * Returns true if the prot flags are valid */ static inline bool arch_validate_prot(unsigned long prot, unsigned long addr) { return (prot & ~(PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE | PROT_EXEC | PROT_SEM)) == 0; } #define arch_validate_prot arch_validate_prot #endif #ifndef arch_validate_flags /* * This is called from mmap() and mprotect() with the updated vma->vm_flags. * * Returns true if the VM_* flags are valid. */ static inline bool arch_validate_flags(unsigned long flags) { return true; } #define arch_validate_flags arch_validate_flags #endif /* * Optimisation macro. It is equivalent to: * (x & bit1) ? bit2 : 0 * but this version is faster. * ("bit1" and "bit2" must be single bits) */ #define _calc_vm_trans(x, bit1, bit2) \ ((!(bit1) || !(bit2)) ? 0 : \ ((bit1) <= (bit2) ? ((x) & (bit1)) * ((bit2) / (bit1)) \ : ((x) & (bit1)) / ((bit1) / (bit2)))) /* * Combine the mmap "prot" argument into "vm_flags" used internally. */ static inline unsigned long calc_vm_prot_bits(unsigned long prot, unsigned long pkey) { return _calc_vm_trans(prot, PROT_READ, VM_READ ) | _calc_vm_trans(prot, PROT_WRITE, VM_WRITE) | _calc_vm_trans(prot, PROT_EXEC, VM_EXEC) | arch_calc_vm_prot_bits(prot, pkey); } /* * Combine the mmap "flags" argument into "vm_flags" used internally. */ static inline unsigned long calc_vm_flag_bits(unsigned long flags) { return _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_GROWSDOWN, VM_GROWSDOWN ) | _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_DENYWRITE, VM_DENYWRITE ) | _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_LOCKED, VM_LOCKED ) | _calc_vm_trans(flags, MAP_SYNC, VM_SYNC ) | arch_calc_vm_flag_bits(flags); } unsigned long vm_commit_limit(void); #endif /* _LINUX_MMAN_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM exceptions #if !defined(_TRACE_PAGE_FAULT_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_PAGE_FAULT_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <asm/trace/common.h> extern int trace_pagefault_reg(void); extern void trace_pagefault_unreg(void); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(x86_exceptions, TP_PROTO(unsigned long address, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code), TP_ARGS(address, regs, error_code), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, address ) __field( unsigned long, ip ) __field( unsigned long, error_code ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->address = address; __entry->ip = regs->ip; __entry->error_code = error_code; ), TP_printk("address=%ps ip=%ps error_code=0x%lx", (void *)__entry->address, (void *)__entry->ip, __entry->error_code) ); #define DEFINE_PAGE_FAULT_EVENT(name) \ DEFINE_EVENT_FN(x86_exceptions, name, \ TP_PROTO(unsigned long address, struct pt_regs *regs, \ unsigned long error_code), \ TP_ARGS(address, regs, error_code), \ trace_pagefault_reg, trace_pagefault_unreg); DEFINE_PAGE_FAULT_EVENT(page_fault_user); DEFINE_PAGE_FAULT_EVENT(page_fault_kernel); #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE #define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH . #define TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE exceptions #endif /* _TRACE_PAGE_FAULT_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 /* * Implementation of the access vector table type. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> */ /* Updated: Frank Mayer <mayerf@tresys.com> and Karl MacMillan <kmacmillan@tresys.com> * * Added conditional policy language extensions * * Copyright (C) 2003 Tresys Technology, LLC * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation, version 2. * * Updated: Yuichi Nakamura <ynakam@hitachisoft.jp> * Tuned number of hash slots for avtab to reduce memory usage */ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include "avtab.h" #include "policydb.h" static struct kmem_cache *avtab_node_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avtab_xperms_cachep; /* Based on MurmurHash3, written by Austin Appleby and placed in the * public domain. */ static inline int avtab_hash(struct avtab_key *keyp, u32 mask) { static const u32 c1 = 0xcc9e2d51; static const u32 c2 = 0x1b873593; static const u32 r1 = 15; static const u32 r2 = 13; static const u32 m = 5; static const u32 n = 0xe6546b64; u32 hash = 0; #define mix(input) { \ u32 v = input; \ v *= c1; \ v = (v << r1) | (v >> (32 - r1)); \ v *= c2; \ hash ^= v; \ hash = (hash << r2) | (hash >> (32 - r2)); \ hash = hash * m + n; \ } mix(keyp->target_class); mix(keyp->target_type); mix(keyp->source_type); #undef mix hash ^= hash >> 16; hash *= 0x85ebca6b; hash ^= hash >> 13; hash *= 0xc2b2ae35; hash ^= hash >> 16; return hash & mask; } static struct avtab_node* avtab_insert_node(struct avtab *h, int hvalue, struct avtab_node *prev, struct avtab_node *cur, struct avtab_key *key, struct avtab_datum *datum) { struct avtab_node *newnode; struct avtab_extended_perms *xperms; newnode = kmem_cache_zalloc(avtab_node_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (newnode == NULL) return NULL; newnode->key = *key; if (key->specified & AVTAB_XPERMS) { xperms = kmem_cache_zalloc(avtab_xperms_cachep, GFP_KERNEL); if (xperms == NULL) { kmem_cache_free(avtab_node_cachep, newnode); return NULL; } *xperms = *(datum->u.xperms); newnode->datum.u.xperms = xperms; } else { newnode->datum.u.data = datum->u.data; } if (prev) { newnode->next = prev->next; prev->next = newnode; } else { struct avtab_node **n = &h->htable[hvalue]; newnode->next = *n; *n = newnode; } h->nel++; return newnode; } static int avtab_insert(struct avtab *h, struct avtab_key *key, struct avtab_datum *datum) { int hvalue; struct avtab_node *prev, *cur, *newnode; u16 specified = key->specified & ~(AVTAB_ENABLED|AVTAB_ENABLED_OLD); if (!h || !h->nslot) return -EINVAL; hvalue = avtab_hash(key, h->mask); for (prev = NULL, cur = h->htable[hvalue]; cur; prev = cur, cur = cur->next) { if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type == cur->key.target_type && key->target_class == cur->key.target_class && (specified & cur->key.specified)) { /* extended perms may not be unique */ if (specified & AVTAB_XPERMS) break; return -EEXIST; } if (key->source_type < cur->key.source_type) break; if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type < cur->key.target_type) break; if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type == cur->key.target_type && key->target_class < cur->key.target_class) break; } newnode = avtab_insert_node(h, hvalue, prev, cur, key, datum); if (!newnode) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } /* Unlike avtab_insert(), this function allow multiple insertions of the same * key/specified mask into the table, as needed by the conditional avtab. * It also returns a pointer to the node inserted. */ struct avtab_node * avtab_insert_nonunique(struct avtab *h, struct avtab_key *key, struct avtab_datum *datum) { int hvalue; struct avtab_node *prev, *cur; u16 specified = key->specified & ~(AVTAB_ENABLED|AVTAB_ENABLED_OLD); if (!h || !h->nslot) return NULL; hvalue = avtab_hash(key, h->mask); for (prev = NULL, cur = h->htable[hvalue]; cur; prev = cur, cur = cur->next) { if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type == cur->key.target_type && key->target_class == cur->key.target_class && (specified & cur->key.specified)) break; if (key->source_type < cur->key.source_type) break; if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type < cur->key.target_type) break; if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type == cur->key.target_type && key->target_class < cur->key.target_class) break; } return avtab_insert_node(h, hvalue, prev, cur, key, datum); } struct avtab_datum *avtab_search(struct avtab *h, struct avtab_key *key) { int hvalue; struct avtab_node *cur; u16 specified = key->specified & ~(AVTAB_ENABLED|AVTAB_ENABLED_OLD); if (!h || !h->nslot) return NULL; hvalue = avtab_hash(key, h->mask); for (cur = h->htable[hvalue]; cur; cur = cur->next) { if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type == cur->key.target_type && key->target_class == cur->key.target_class && (specified & cur->key.specified)) return &cur->datum; if (key->source_type < cur->key.source_type) break; if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type < cur->key.target_type) break; if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type == cur->key.target_type && key->target_class < cur->key.target_class) break; } return NULL; } /* This search function returns a node pointer, and can be used in * conjunction with avtab_search_next_node() */ struct avtab_node* avtab_search_node(struct avtab *h, struct avtab_key *key) { int hvalue; struct avtab_node *cur; u16 specified = key->specified & ~(AVTAB_ENABLED|AVTAB_ENABLED_OLD); if (!h || !h->nslot) return NULL; hvalue = avtab_hash(key, h->mask); for (cur = h->htable[hvalue]; cur; cur = cur->next) { if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type == cur->key.target_type && key->target_class == cur->key.target_class && (specified & cur->key.specified)) return cur; if (key->source_type < cur->key.source_type) break; if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type < cur->key.target_type) break; if (key->source_type == cur->key.source_type && key->target_type == cur->key.target_type && key->target_class < cur->key.target_class) break; } return NULL; } struct avtab_node* avtab_search_node_next(struct avtab_node *node, int specified) { struct avtab_node *cur; if (!node) return NULL; specified &= ~(AVTAB_ENABLED|AVTAB_ENABLED_OLD); for (cur = node->next; cur; cur = cur->next) { if (node->key.source_type == cur->key.source_type && node->key.target_type == cur->key.target_type && node->key.target_class == cur->key.target_class && (specified & cur->key.specified)) return cur; if (node->key.source_type < cur->key.source_type) break; if (node->key.source_type == cur->key.source_type && node->key.target_type < cur->key.target_type) break; if (node->key.source_type == cur->key.source_type && node->key.target_type == cur->key.target_type && node->key.target_class < cur->key.target_class) break; } return NULL; } void avtab_destroy(struct avtab *h) { int i; struct avtab_node *cur, *temp; if (!h) return; for (i = 0; i < h->nslot; i++) { cur = h->htable[i]; while (cur) { temp = cur; cur = cur->next; if (temp->key.specified & AVTAB_XPERMS) kmem_cache_free(avtab_xperms_cachep, temp->datum.u.xperms); kmem_cache_free(avtab_node_cachep, temp); } } kvfree(h->htable); h->htable = NULL; h->nel = 0; h->nslot = 0; h->mask = 0; } void avtab_init(struct avtab *h) { h->htable = NULL; h->nel = 0; h->nslot = 0; h->mask = 0; } static int avtab_alloc_common(struct avtab *h, u32 nslot) { if (!nslot) return 0; h->htable = kvcalloc(nslot, sizeof(void *), GFP_KERNEL); if (!h->htable) return -ENOMEM; h->nslot = nslot; h->mask = nslot - 1; return 0; } int avtab_alloc(struct avtab *h, u32 nrules) { int rc; u32 nslot = 0; if (nrules != 0) { u32 shift = 1; u32 work = nrules >> 3; while (work) { work >>= 1; shift++; } nslot = 1 << shift; if (nslot > MAX_AVTAB_HASH_BUCKETS) nslot = MAX_AVTAB_HASH_BUCKETS; rc = avtab_alloc_common(h, nslot); if (rc) return rc; } pr_debug("SELinux: %d avtab hash slots, %d rules.\n", nslot, nrules); return 0; } int avtab_alloc_dup(struct avtab *new, const struct avtab *orig) { return avtab_alloc_common(new, orig->nslot); } void avtab_hash_eval(struct avtab *h, char *tag) { int i, chain_len, slots_used, max_chain_len; unsigned long long chain2_len_sum; struct avtab_node *cur; slots_used = 0; max_chain_len = 0; chain2_len_sum = 0; for (i = 0; i < h->nslot; i++) { cur = h->htable[i]; if (cur) { slots_used++; chain_len = 0; while (cur) { chain_len++; cur = cur->next; } if (chain_len > max_chain_len) max_chain_len = chain_len; chain2_len_sum += chain_len * chain_len; } } pr_debug("SELinux: %s: %d entries and %d/%d buckets used, " "longest chain length %d sum of chain length^2 %llu\n", tag, h->nel, slots_used, h->nslot, max_chain_len, chain2_len_sum); } static uint16_t spec_order[] = { AVTAB_ALLOWED, AVTAB_AUDITDENY, AVTAB_AUDITALLOW, AVTAB_TRANSITION, AVTAB_CHANGE, AVTAB_MEMBER, AVTAB_XPERMS_ALLOWED, AVTAB_XPERMS_AUDITALLOW, AVTAB_XPERMS_DONTAUDIT }; int avtab_read_item(struct avtab *a, void *fp, struct policydb *pol, int (*insertf)(struct avtab *a, struct avtab_key *k, struct avtab_datum *d, void *p), void *p) { __le16 buf16[4]; u16 enabled; u32 items, items2, val, vers = pol->policyvers; struct avtab_key key; struct avtab_datum datum; struct avtab_extended_perms xperms; __le32 buf32[ARRAY_SIZE(xperms.perms.p)]; int i, rc; unsigned set; memset(&key, 0, sizeof(struct avtab_key)); memset(&datum, 0, sizeof(struct avtab_datum)); if (vers < POLICYDB_VERSION_AVTAB) { rc = next_entry(buf32, fp, sizeof(u32)); if (rc) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated entry\n"); return rc; } items2 = le32_to_cpu(buf32[0]); if (items2 > ARRAY_SIZE(buf32)) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: entry overflow\n"); return -EINVAL; } rc = next_entry(buf32, fp, sizeof(u32)*items2); if (rc) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated entry\n"); return rc; } items = 0; val = le32_to_cpu(buf32[items++]); key.source_type = (u16)val; if (key.source_type != val) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated source type\n"); return -EINVAL; } val = le32_to_cpu(buf32[items++]); key.target_type = (u16)val; if (key.target_type != val) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated target type\n"); return -EINVAL; } val = le32_to_cpu(buf32[items++]); key.target_class = (u16)val; if (key.target_class != val) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated target class\n"); return -EINVAL; } val = le32_to_cpu(buf32[items++]); enabled = (val & AVTAB_ENABLED_OLD) ? AVTAB_ENABLED : 0; if (!(val & (AVTAB_AV | AVTAB_TYPE))) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: null entry\n"); return -EINVAL; } if ((val & AVTAB_AV) && (val & AVTAB_TYPE)) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: entry has both access vectors and types\n"); return -EINVAL; } if (val & AVTAB_XPERMS) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: entry has extended permissions\n"); return -EINVAL; } for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(spec_order); i++) { if (val & spec_order[i]) { key.specified = spec_order[i] | enabled; datum.u.data = le32_to_cpu(buf32[items++]); rc = insertf(a, &key, &datum, p); if (rc) return rc; } } if (items != items2) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: entry only had %d items, expected %d\n", items2, items); return -EINVAL; } return 0; } rc = next_entry(buf16, fp, sizeof(u16)*4); if (rc) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated entry\n"); return rc; } items = 0; key.source_type = le16_to_cpu(buf16[items++]); key.target_type = le16_to_cpu(buf16[items++]); key.target_class = le16_to_cpu(buf16[items++]); key.specified = le16_to_cpu(buf16[items++]); if (!policydb_type_isvalid(pol, key.source_type) || !policydb_type_isvalid(pol, key.target_type) || !policydb_class_isvalid(pol, key.target_class)) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: invalid type or class\n"); return -EINVAL; } set = 0; for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(spec_order); i++) { if (key.specified & spec_order[i]) set++; } if (!set || set > 1) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: more than one specifier\n"); return -EINVAL; } if ((vers < POLICYDB_VERSION_XPERMS_IOCTL) && (key.specified & AVTAB_XPERMS)) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: policy version %u does not " "support extended permissions rules and one " "was specified\n", vers); return -EINVAL; } else if (key.specified & AVTAB_XPERMS) { memset(&xperms, 0, sizeof(struct avtab_extended_perms)); rc = next_entry(&xperms.specified, fp, sizeof(u8)); if (rc) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated entry\n"); return rc; } rc = next_entry(&xperms.driver, fp, sizeof(u8)); if (rc) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated entry\n"); return rc; } rc = next_entry(buf32, fp, sizeof(u32)*ARRAY_SIZE(xperms.perms.p)); if (rc) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated entry\n"); return rc; } for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(xperms.perms.p); i++) xperms.perms.p[i] = le32_to_cpu(buf32[i]); datum.u.xperms = &xperms; } else { rc = next_entry(buf32, fp, sizeof(u32)); if (rc) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated entry\n"); return rc; } datum.u.data = le32_to_cpu(*buf32); } if ((key.specified & AVTAB_TYPE) && !policydb_type_isvalid(pol, datum.u.data)) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: invalid type\n"); return -EINVAL; } return insertf(a, &key, &datum, p); } static int avtab_insertf(struct avtab *a, struct avtab_key *k, struct avtab_datum *d, void *p) { return avtab_insert(a, k, d); } int avtab_read(struct avtab *a, void *fp, struct policydb *pol) { int rc; __le32 buf[1]; u32 nel, i; rc = next_entry(buf, fp, sizeof(u32)); if (rc < 0) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: truncated table\n"); goto bad; } nel = le32_to_cpu(buf[0]); if (!nel) { pr_err("SELinux: avtab: table is empty\n"); rc = -EINVAL; goto bad; } rc = avtab_alloc(a, nel); if (rc) goto bad; for (i = 0; i < nel; i++) { rc = avtab_read_item(a, fp, pol, avtab_insertf, NULL); if (rc) { if (rc == -ENOMEM) pr_err("SELinux: avtab: out of memory\n"); else if (rc == -EEXIST) pr_err("SELinux: avtab: duplicate entry\n"); goto bad; } } rc = 0; out: return rc; bad: avtab_destroy(a); goto out; } int avtab_write_item(struct policydb *p, struct avtab_node *cur, void *fp) { __le16 buf16[4]; __le32 buf32[ARRAY_SIZE(cur->datum.u.xperms->perms.p)]; int rc; unsigned int i; buf16[0] = cpu_to_le16(cur->key.source_type); buf16[1] = cpu_to_le16(cur->key.target_type); buf16[2] = cpu_to_le16(cur->key.target_class); buf16[3] = cpu_to_le16(cur->key.specified); rc = put_entry(buf16, sizeof(u16), 4, fp); if (rc) return rc; if (cur->key.specified & AVTAB_XPERMS) { rc = put_entry(&cur->datum.u.xperms->specified, sizeof(u8), 1, fp); if (rc) return rc; rc = put_entry(&cur->datum.u.xperms->driver, sizeof(u8), 1, fp); if (rc) return rc; for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(cur->datum.u.xperms->perms.p); i++) buf32[i] = cpu_to_le32(cur->datum.u.xperms->perms.p[i]); rc = put_entry(buf32, sizeof(u32), ARRAY_SIZE(cur->datum.u.xperms->perms.p), fp); } else { buf32[0] = cpu_to_le32(cur->datum.u.data); rc = put_entry(buf32, sizeof(u32), 1, fp); } if (rc) return rc; return 0; } int avtab_write(struct policydb *p, struct avtab *a, void *fp) { unsigned int i; int rc = 0; struct avtab_node *cur; __le32 buf[1]; buf[0] = cpu_to_le32(a->nel); rc = put_entry(buf, sizeof(u32), 1, fp); if (rc) return rc; for (i = 0; i < a->nslot; i++) { for (cur = a->htable[i]; cur; cur = cur->next) { rc = avtab_write_item(p, cur, fp); if (rc) return rc; } } return rc; } void __init avtab_cache_init(void) { avtab_node_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avtab_node", sizeof(struct avtab_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avtab_xperms_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avtab_extended_perms", sizeof(struct avtab_extended_perms), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM percpu #if !defined(_TRACE_PERCPU_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_PERCPU_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(percpu_alloc_percpu, TP_PROTO(bool reserved, bool is_atomic, size_t size, size_t align, void *base_addr, int off, void __percpu *ptr), TP_ARGS(reserved, is_atomic, size, align, base_addr, off, ptr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( bool, reserved ) __field( bool, is_atomic ) __field( size_t, size ) __field( size_t, align ) __field( void *, base_addr ) __field( int, off ) __field( void __percpu *, ptr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->reserved = reserved; __entry->is_atomic = is_atomic; __entry->size = size; __entry->align = align; __entry->base_addr = base_addr; __entry->off = off; __entry->ptr = ptr; ), TP_printk("reserved=%d is_atomic=%d size=%zu align=%zu base_addr=%p off=%d ptr=%p", __entry->reserved, __entry->is_atomic, __entry->size, __entry->align, __entry->base_addr, __entry->off, __entry->ptr) ); TRACE_EVENT(percpu_free_percpu, TP_PROTO(void *base_addr, int off, void __percpu *ptr), TP_ARGS(base_addr, off, ptr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, base_addr ) __field( int, off ) __field( void __percpu *, ptr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->base_addr = base_addr; __entry->off = off; __entry->ptr = ptr; ), TP_printk("base_addr=%p off=%d ptr=%p", __entry->base_addr, __entry->off, __entry->ptr) ); TRACE_EVENT(percpu_alloc_percpu_fail, TP_PROTO(bool reserved, bool is_atomic, size_t size, size_t align), TP_ARGS(reserved, is_atomic, size, align), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( bool, reserved ) __field( bool, is_atomic ) __field( size_t, size ) __field( size_t, align ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->reserved = reserved; __entry->is_atomic = is_atomic; __entry->size = size; __entry->align = align; ), TP_printk("reserved=%d is_atomic=%d size=%zu align=%zu", __entry->reserved, __entry->is_atomic, __entry->size, __entry->align) ); TRACE_EVENT(percpu_create_chunk, TP_PROTO(void *base_addr), TP_ARGS(base_addr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, base_addr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->base_addr = base_addr; ), TP_printk("base_addr=%p", __entry->base_addr) ); TRACE_EVENT(percpu_destroy_chunk, TP_PROTO(void *base_addr), TP_ARGS(base_addr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( void *, base_addr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->base_addr = base_addr; ), TP_printk("base_addr=%p", __entry->base_addr) ); #endif /* _TRACE_PERCPU_H */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SIGNAL_H #define _LINUX_SIGNAL_H #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/signal_types.h> #include <linux/string.h> struct task_struct; /* for sysctl */ extern int print_fatal_signals; static inline void copy_siginfo(kernel_siginfo_t *to, const kernel_siginfo_t *from) { memcpy(to, from, sizeof(*to)); } static inline void clear_siginfo(kernel_siginfo_t *info) { memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info)); } #define SI_EXPANSION_SIZE (sizeof(struct siginfo) - sizeof(struct kernel_siginfo)) static inline void copy_siginfo_to_external(siginfo_t *to, const kernel_siginfo_t *from) { memcpy(to, from, sizeof(*from)); memset(((char *)to) + sizeof(struct kernel_siginfo), 0, SI_EXPANSION_SIZE); } int copy_siginfo_to_user(siginfo_t __user *to, const kernel_siginfo_t *from); int copy_siginfo_from_user(kernel_siginfo_t *to, const siginfo_t __user *from); enum siginfo_layout { SIL_KILL, SIL_TIMER, SIL_POLL, SIL_FAULT, SIL_FAULT_MCEERR, SIL_FAULT_BNDERR, SIL_FAULT_PKUERR, SIL_CHLD, SIL_RT, SIL_SYS, }; enum siginfo_layout siginfo_layout(unsigned sig, int si_code); /* * Define some primitives to manipulate sigset_t. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SIG_BITOPS #include <linux/bitops.h> /* We don't use <linux/bitops.h> for these because there is no need to be atomic. */ static inline void sigaddset(sigset_t *set, int _sig) { unsigned long sig = _sig - 1; if (_NSIG_WORDS == 1) set->sig[0] |= 1UL << sig; else set->sig[sig / _NSIG_BPW] |= 1UL << (sig % _NSIG_BPW); } static inline void sigdelset(sigset_t *set, int _sig) { unsigned long sig = _sig - 1; if (_NSIG_WORDS == 1) set->sig[0] &= ~(1UL << sig); else set->sig[sig / _NSIG_BPW] &= ~(1UL << (sig % _NSIG_BPW)); } static inline int sigismember(sigset_t *set, int _sig) { unsigned long sig = _sig - 1; if (_NSIG_WORDS == 1) return 1 & (set->sig[0] >> sig); else return 1 & (set->sig[sig / _NSIG_BPW] >> (sig % _NSIG_BPW)); } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_SIG_BITOPS */ static inline int sigisemptyset(sigset_t *set) { switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { case 4: return (set->sig[3] | set->sig[2] | set->sig[1] | set->sig[0]) == 0; case 2: return (set->sig[1] | set->sig[0]) == 0; case 1: return set->sig[0] == 0; default: BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } } static inline int sigequalsets(const sigset_t *set1, const sigset_t *set2) { switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { case 4: return (set1->sig[3] == set2->sig[3]) && (set1->sig[2] == set2->sig[2]) && (set1->sig[1] == set2->sig[1]) && (set1->sig[0] == set2->sig[0]); case 2: return (set1->sig[1] == set2->sig[1]) && (set1->sig[0] == set2->sig[0]); case 1: return set1->sig[0] == set2->sig[0]; } return 0; } #define sigmask(sig) (1UL << ((sig) - 1)) #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SIG_SETOPS #include <linux/string.h> #define _SIG_SET_BINOP(name, op) \ static inline void name(sigset_t *r, const sigset_t *a, const sigset_t *b) \ { \ unsigned long a0, a1, a2, a3, b0, b1, b2, b3; \ \ switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { \ case 4: \ a3 = a->sig[3]; a2 = a->sig[2]; \ b3 = b->sig[3]; b2 = b->sig[2]; \ r->sig[3] = op(a3, b3); \ r->sig[2] = op(a2, b2); \ fallthrough; \ case 2: \ a1 = a->sig[1]; b1 = b->sig[1]; \ r->sig[1] = op(a1, b1); \ fallthrough; \ case 1: \ a0 = a->sig[0]; b0 = b->sig[0]; \ r->sig[0] = op(a0, b0); \ break; \ default: \ BUILD_BUG(); \ } \ } #define _sig_or(x,y) ((x) | (y)) _SIG_SET_BINOP(sigorsets, _sig_or) #define _sig_and(x,y) ((x) & (y)) _SIG_SET_BINOP(sigandsets, _sig_and) #define _sig_andn(x,y) ((x) & ~(y)) _SIG_SET_BINOP(sigandnsets, _sig_andn) #undef _SIG_SET_BINOP #undef _sig_or #undef _sig_and #undef _sig_andn #define _SIG_SET_OP(name, op) \ static inline void name(sigset_t *set) \ { \ switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { \ case 4: set->sig[3] = op(set->sig[3]); \ set->sig[2] = op(set->sig[2]); \ fallthrough; \ case 2: set->sig[1] = op(set->sig[1]); \ fallthrough; \ case 1: set->sig[0] = op(set->sig[0]); \ break; \ default: \ BUILD_BUG(); \ } \ } #define _sig_not(x) (~(x)) _SIG_SET_OP(signotset, _sig_not) #undef _SIG_SET_OP #undef _sig_not static inline void sigemptyset(sigset_t *set) { switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { default: memset(set, 0, sizeof(sigset_t)); break; case 2: set->sig[1] = 0; fallthrough; case 1: set->sig[0] = 0; break; } } static inline void sigfillset(sigset_t *set) { switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { default: memset(set, -1, sizeof(sigset_t)); break; case 2: set->sig[1] = -1; fallthrough; case 1: set->sig[0] = -1; break; } } /* Some extensions for manipulating the low 32 signals in particular. */ static inline void sigaddsetmask(sigset_t *set, unsigned long mask) { set->sig[0] |= mask; } static inline void sigdelsetmask(sigset_t *set, unsigned long mask) { set->sig[0] &= ~mask; } static inline int sigtestsetmask(sigset_t *set, unsigned long mask) { return (set->sig[0] & mask) != 0; } static inline void siginitset(sigset_t *set, unsigned long mask) { set->sig[0] = mask; switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { default: memset(&set->sig[1], 0, sizeof(long)*(_NSIG_WORDS-1)); break; case 2: set->sig[1] = 0; break; case 1: ; } } static inline void siginitsetinv(sigset_t *set, unsigned long mask) { set->sig[0] = ~mask; switch (_NSIG_WORDS) { default: memset(&set->sig[1], -1, sizeof(long)*(_NSIG_WORDS-1)); break; case 2: set->sig[1] = -1; break; case 1: ; } } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_SIG_SETOPS */ static inline void init_sigpending(struct sigpending *sig) { sigemptyset(&sig->signal); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->list); } extern void flush_sigqueue(struct sigpending *queue); /* Test if 'sig' is valid signal. Use this instead of testing _NSIG directly */ static inline int valid_signal(unsigned long sig) { return sig <= _NSIG ? 1 : 0; } struct timespec; struct pt_regs; enum pid_type; extern int next_signal(struct sigpending *pending, sigset_t *mask); extern int do_send_sig_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct task_struct *p, enum pid_type type); extern int group_send_sig_info(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info, struct task_struct *p, enum pid_type type); extern int __group_send_sig_info(int, struct kernel_siginfo *, struct task_struct *); extern int sigprocmask(int, sigset_t *, sigset_t *); extern void set_current_blocked(sigset_t *); extern void __set_current_blocked(const sigset_t *); extern int show_unhandled_signals; extern bool get_signal(struct ksignal *ksig); extern void signal_setup_done(int failed, struct ksignal *ksig, int stepping); extern void exit_signals(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void kernel_sigaction(int, __sighandler_t); #define SIG_KTHREAD ((__force __sighandler_t)2) #define SIG_KTHREAD_KERNEL ((__force __sighandler_t)3) static inline void allow_signal(int sig) { /* * Kernel threads handle their own signals. Let the signal code * know it'll be handled, so that they don't get converted to * SIGKILL or just silently dropped. */ kernel_sigaction(sig, SIG_KTHREAD); } static inline void allow_kernel_signal(int sig) { /* * Kernel threads handle their own signals. Let the signal code * know signals sent by the kernel will be handled, so that they * don't get silently dropped. */ kernel_sigaction(sig, SIG_KTHREAD_KERNEL); } static inline void disallow_signal(int sig) { kernel_sigaction(sig, SIG_IGN); } extern struct kmem_cache *sighand_cachep; extern bool unhandled_signal(struct task_struct *tsk, int sig); /* * In POSIX a signal is sent either to a specific thread (Linux task) * or to the process as a whole (Linux thread group). How the signal * is sent determines whether it's to one thread or the whole group, * which determines which signal mask(s) are involved in blocking it * from being delivered until later. When the signal is delivered, * either it's caught or ignored by a user handler or it has a default * effect that applies to the whole thread group (POSIX process). * * The possible effects an unblocked signal set to SIG_DFL can have are: * ignore - Nothing Happens * terminate - kill the process, i.e. all threads in the group, * similar to exit_group. The group leader (only) reports * WIFSIGNALED status to its parent. * coredump - write a core dump file describing all threads using * the same mm and then kill all those threads * stop - stop all the threads in the group, i.e. TASK_STOPPED state * * SIGKILL and SIGSTOP cannot be caught, blocked, or ignored. * Other signals when not blocked and set to SIG_DFL behaves as follows. * The job control signals also have other special effects. * * +--------------------+------------------+ * | POSIX signal | default action | * +--------------------+------------------+ * | SIGHUP | terminate | * | SIGINT | terminate | * | SIGQUIT | coredump | * | SIGILL | coredump | * | SIGTRAP | coredump | * | SIGABRT/SIGIOT | coredump | * | SIGBUS | coredump | * | SIGFPE | coredump | * | SIGKILL | terminate(+) | * | SIGUSR1 | terminate | * | SIGSEGV | coredump | * | SIGUSR2 | terminate | * | SIGPIPE | terminate | * | SIGALRM | terminate | * | SIGTERM | terminate | * | SIGCHLD | ignore | * | SIGCONT | ignore(*) | * | SIGSTOP | stop(*)(+) | * | SIGTSTP | stop(*) | * | SIGTTIN | stop(*) | * | SIGTTOU | stop(*) | * | SIGURG | ignore | * | SIGXCPU | coredump | * | SIGXFSZ | coredump | * | SIGVTALRM | terminate | * | SIGPROF | terminate | * | SIGPOLL/SIGIO | terminate | * | SIGSYS/SIGUNUSED | coredump | * | SIGSTKFLT | terminate | * | SIGWINCH | ignore | * | SIGPWR | terminate | * | SIGRTMIN-SIGRTMAX | terminate | * +--------------------+------------------+ * | non-POSIX signal | default action | * +--------------------+------------------+ * | SIGEMT | coredump | * +--------------------+------------------+ * * (+) For SIGKILL and SIGSTOP the action is "always", not just "default". * (*) Special job control effects: * When SIGCONT is sent, it resumes the process (all threads in the group) * from TASK_STOPPED state and also clears any pending/queued stop signals * (any of those marked with "stop(*)"). This happens regardless of blocking, * catching, or ignoring SIGCONT. When any stop signal is sent, it clears * any pending/queued SIGCONT signals; this happens regardless of blocking, * catching, or ignored the stop signal, though (except for SIGSTOP) the * default action of stopping the process may happen later or never. */ #ifdef SIGEMT #define SIGEMT_MASK rt_sigmask(SIGEMT) #else #define SIGEMT_MASK 0 #endif #if SIGRTMIN > BITS_PER_LONG #define rt_sigmask(sig) (1ULL << ((sig)-1)) #else #define rt_sigmask(sig) sigmask(sig) #endif #define siginmask(sig, mask) \ ((sig) > 0 && (sig) < SIGRTMIN && (rt_sigmask(sig) & (mask))) #define SIG_KERNEL_ONLY_MASK (\ rt_sigmask(SIGKILL) | rt_sigmask(SIGSTOP)) #define SIG_KERNEL_STOP_MASK (\ rt_sigmask(SIGSTOP) | rt_sigmask(SIGTSTP) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGTTIN) | rt_sigmask(SIGTTOU) ) #define SIG_KERNEL_COREDUMP_MASK (\ rt_sigmask(SIGQUIT) | rt_sigmask(SIGILL) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGTRAP) | rt_sigmask(SIGABRT) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGFPE) | rt_sigmask(SIGSEGV) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGBUS) | rt_sigmask(SIGSYS) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGXCPU) | rt_sigmask(SIGXFSZ) | \ SIGEMT_MASK ) #define SIG_KERNEL_IGNORE_MASK (\ rt_sigmask(SIGCONT) | rt_sigmask(SIGCHLD) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGWINCH) | rt_sigmask(SIGURG) ) #define SIG_SPECIFIC_SICODES_MASK (\ rt_sigmask(SIGILL) | rt_sigmask(SIGFPE) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGSEGV) | rt_sigmask(SIGBUS) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGTRAP) | rt_sigmask(SIGCHLD) | \ rt_sigmask(SIGPOLL) | rt_sigmask(SIGSYS) | \ SIGEMT_MASK ) #define sig_kernel_only(sig) siginmask(sig, SIG_KERNEL_ONLY_MASK) #define sig_kernel_coredump(sig) siginmask(sig, SIG_KERNEL_COREDUMP_MASK) #define sig_kernel_ignore(sig) siginmask(sig, SIG_KERNEL_IGNORE_MASK) #define sig_kernel_stop(sig) siginmask(sig, SIG_KERNEL_STOP_MASK) #define sig_specific_sicodes(sig) siginmask(sig, SIG_SPECIFIC_SICODES_MASK) #define sig_fatal(t, signr) \ (!siginmask(signr, SIG_KERNEL_IGNORE_MASK|SIG_KERNEL_STOP_MASK) && \ (t)->sighand->action[(signr)-1].sa.sa_handler == SIG_DFL) void signals_init(void); int restore_altstack(const stack_t __user *); int __save_altstack(stack_t __user *, unsigned long); #define unsafe_save_altstack(uss, sp, label) do { \ stack_t __user *__uss = uss; \ struct task_struct *t = current; \ unsafe_put_user((void __user *)t->sas_ss_sp, &__uss->ss_sp, label); \ unsafe_put_user(t->sas_ss_flags, &__uss->ss_flags, label); \ unsafe_put_user(t->sas_ss_size, &__uss->ss_size, label); \ if (t->sas_ss_flags & SS_AUTODISARM) \ sas_ss_reset(t); \ } while (0); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct seq_file; extern void render_sigset_t(struct seq_file *, const char *, sigset_t *); #endif #endif /* _LINUX_SIGNAL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * RNG: Random Number Generator algorithms under the crypto API * * Copyright (c) 2008 Neil Horman <nhorman@tuxdriver.com> * Copyright (c) 2015 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_RNG_H #define _CRYPTO_RNG_H #include <linux/crypto.h> struct crypto_rng; /** * struct rng_alg - random number generator definition * * @generate: The function defined by this variable obtains a * random number. The random number generator transform * must generate the random number out of the context * provided with this call, plus any additional data * if provided to the call. * @seed: Seed or reseed the random number generator. With the * invocation of this function call, the random number * generator shall become ready for generation. If the * random number generator requires a seed for setting * up a new state, the seed must be provided by the * consumer while invoking this function. The required * size of the seed is defined with @seedsize . * @set_ent: Set entropy that would otherwise be obtained from * entropy source. Internal use only. * @seedsize: The seed size required for a random number generator * initialization defined with this variable. Some * random number generators does not require a seed * as the seeding is implemented internally without * the need of support by the consumer. In this case, * the seed size is set to zero. * @base: Common crypto API algorithm data structure. */ struct rng_alg { int (*generate)(struct crypto_rng *tfm, const u8 *src, unsigned int slen, u8 *dst, unsigned int dlen); int (*seed)(struct crypto_rng *tfm, const u8 *seed, unsigned int slen); void (*set_ent)(struct crypto_rng *tfm, const u8 *data, unsigned int len); unsigned int seedsize; struct crypto_alg base; }; struct crypto_rng { struct crypto_tfm base; }; extern struct crypto_rng *crypto_default_rng; int crypto_get_default_rng(void); void crypto_put_default_rng(void); /** * DOC: Random number generator API * * The random number generator API is used with the ciphers of type * CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_RNG (listed as type "rng" in /proc/crypto) */ /** * crypto_alloc_rng() -- allocate RNG handle * @alg_name: is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the * message digest cipher * @type: specifies the type of the cipher * @mask: specifies the mask for the cipher * * Allocate a cipher handle for a random number generator. The returned struct * crypto_rng is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent * API invocation for that random number generator. * * For all random number generators, this call creates a new private copy of * the random number generator that does not share a state with other * instances. The only exception is the "krng" random number generator which * is a kernel crypto API use case for the get_random_bytes() function of the * /dev/random driver. * * Return: allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case * of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code. */ struct crypto_rng *crypto_alloc_rng(const char *alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask); static inline struct crypto_tfm *crypto_rng_tfm(struct crypto_rng *tfm) { return &tfm->base; } /** * crypto_rng_alg - obtain name of RNG * @tfm: cipher handle * * Return the generic name (cra_name) of the initialized random number generator * * Return: generic name string */ static inline struct rng_alg *crypto_rng_alg(struct crypto_rng *tfm) { return container_of(crypto_rng_tfm(tfm)->__crt_alg, struct rng_alg, base); } /** * crypto_free_rng() - zeroize and free RNG handle * @tfm: cipher handle to be freed * * If @tfm is a NULL or error pointer, this function does nothing. */ static inline void crypto_free_rng(struct crypto_rng *tfm) { crypto_destroy_tfm(tfm, crypto_rng_tfm(tfm)); } /** * crypto_rng_generate() - get random number * @tfm: cipher handle * @src: Input buffer holding additional data, may be NULL * @slen: Length of additional data * @dst: output buffer holding the random numbers * @dlen: length of the output buffer * * This function fills the caller-allocated buffer with random * numbers using the random number generator referenced by the * cipher handle. * * Return: 0 function was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ static inline int crypto_rng_generate(struct crypto_rng *tfm, const u8 *src, unsigned int slen, u8 *dst, unsigned int dlen) { struct crypto_alg *alg = tfm->base.__crt_alg; int ret; crypto_stats_get(alg); ret = crypto_rng_alg(tfm)->generate(tfm, src, slen, dst, dlen); crypto_stats_rng_generate(alg, dlen, ret); return ret; } /** * crypto_rng_get_bytes() - get random number * @tfm: cipher handle * @rdata: output buffer holding the random numbers * @dlen: length of the output buffer * * This function fills the caller-allocated buffer with random numbers using the * random number generator referenced by the cipher handle. * * Return: 0 function was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ static inline int crypto_rng_get_bytes(struct crypto_rng *tfm, u8 *rdata, unsigned int dlen) { return crypto_rng_generate(tfm, NULL, 0, rdata, dlen); } /** * crypto_rng_reset() - re-initialize the RNG * @tfm: cipher handle * @seed: seed input data * @slen: length of the seed input data * * The reset function completely re-initializes the random number generator * referenced by the cipher handle by clearing the current state. The new state * is initialized with the caller provided seed or automatically, depending * on the random number generator type (the ANSI X9.31 RNG requires * caller-provided seed, the SP800-90A DRBGs perform an automatic seeding). * The seed is provided as a parameter to this function call. The provided seed * should have the length of the seed size defined for the random number * generator as defined by crypto_rng_seedsize. * * Return: 0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred */ int crypto_rng_reset(struct crypto_rng *tfm, const u8 *seed, unsigned int slen); /** * crypto_rng_seedsize() - obtain seed size of RNG * @tfm: cipher handle * * The function returns the seed size for the random number generator * referenced by the cipher handle. This value may be zero if the random * number generator does not implement or require a reseeding. For example, * the SP800-90A DRBGs implement an automated reseeding after reaching a * pre-defined threshold. * * Return: seed size for the random number generator */ static inline int crypto_rng_seedsize(struct crypto_rng *tfm) { return crypto_rng_alg(tfm)->seedsize; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_DMA_MAPPING_H #define _ASM_X86_DMA_MAPPING_H /* * IOMMU interface. See Documentation/core-api/dma-api-howto.rst and * Documentation/core-api/dma-api.rst for documentation. */ #include <linux/scatterlist.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <asm/swiotlb.h> extern int iommu_merge; extern int panic_on_overflow; extern const struct dma_map_ops *dma_ops; static inline const struct dma_map_ops *get_arch_dma_ops(struct bus_type *bus) { return dma_ops; } #endif
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 /* * Performance events x86 architecture header * * Copyright (C) 2008 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * Copyright (C) 2009 Jaswinder Singh Rajput * Copyright (C) 2009 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., Robert Richter * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra * Copyright (C) 2009 Intel Corporation, <markus.t.metzger@intel.com> * Copyright (C) 2009 Google, Inc., Stephane Eranian * * For licencing details see kernel-base/COPYING */ #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <asm/intel_ds.h> /* To enable MSR tracing please use the generic trace points. */ /* * | NHM/WSM | SNB | * register ------------------------------- * | HT | no HT | HT | no HT | *----------------------------------------- * offcore | core | core | cpu | core | * lbr_sel | core | core | cpu | core | * ld_lat | cpu | core | cpu | core | *----------------------------------------- * * Given that there is a small number of shared regs, * we can pre-allocate their slot in the per-cpu * per-core reg tables. */ enum extra_reg_type { EXTRA_REG_NONE = -1, /* not used */ EXTRA_REG_RSP_0 = 0, /* offcore_response_0 */ EXTRA_REG_RSP_1 = 1, /* offcore_response_1 */ EXTRA_REG_LBR = 2, /* lbr_select */ EXTRA_REG_LDLAT = 3, /* ld_lat_threshold */ EXTRA_REG_FE = 4, /* fe_* */ EXTRA_REG_MAX /* number of entries needed */ }; struct event_constraint { union { unsigned long idxmsk[BITS_TO_LONGS(X86_PMC_IDX_MAX)]; u64 idxmsk64; }; u64 code; u64 cmask; int weight; int overlap; int flags; unsigned int size; }; static inline bool constraint_match(struct event_constraint *c, u64 ecode) { return ((ecode & c->cmask) - c->code) <= (u64)c->size; } /* * struct hw_perf_event.flags flags */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LDLAT 0x0001 /* ld+ldlat data address sampling */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST 0x0002 /* st data address sampling */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST_HSW 0x0004 /* haswell style datala, store */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW 0x0008 /* haswell style datala, load */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_NA_HSW 0x0010 /* haswell style datala, unknown */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL 0x0020 /* HT exclusivity on counter */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_DYNAMIC 0x0040 /* dynamic alloc'd constraint */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_RDPMC_ALLOWED 0x0080 /* grant rdpmc permission */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL_ACCT 0x0100 /* accounted EXCL event */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_AUTO_RELOAD 0x0200 /* use PEBS auto-reload */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_LARGE_PEBS 0x0400 /* use large PEBS */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_VIA_PT 0x0800 /* use PT buffer for PEBS */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PAIR 0x1000 /* Large Increment per Cycle */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_LBR_SELECT 0x2000 /* Save/Restore MSR_LBR_SELECT */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_TOPDOWN 0x4000 /* Count Topdown slots/metrics events */ static inline bool is_topdown_count(struct perf_event *event) { return event->hw.flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_TOPDOWN; } static inline bool is_metric_event(struct perf_event *event) { u64 config = event->attr.config; return ((config & ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT) == 0) && ((config & INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) >= INTEL_TD_METRIC_RETIRING) && ((config & INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) <= INTEL_TD_METRIC_MAX); } static inline bool is_slots_event(struct perf_event *event) { return (event->attr.config & INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) == INTEL_TD_SLOTS; } static inline bool is_topdown_event(struct perf_event *event) { return is_metric_event(event) || is_slots_event(event); } struct amd_nb { int nb_id; /* NorthBridge id */ int refcnt; /* reference count */ struct perf_event *owners[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; struct event_constraint event_constraints[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; }; #define PEBS_COUNTER_MASK ((1ULL << MAX_PEBS_EVENTS) - 1) #define PEBS_PMI_AFTER_EACH_RECORD BIT_ULL(60) #define PEBS_OUTPUT_OFFSET 61 #define PEBS_OUTPUT_MASK (3ull << PEBS_OUTPUT_OFFSET) #define PEBS_OUTPUT_PT (1ull << PEBS_OUTPUT_OFFSET) #define PEBS_VIA_PT_MASK (PEBS_OUTPUT_PT | PEBS_PMI_AFTER_EACH_RECORD) /* * Flags PEBS can handle without an PMI. * * TID can only be handled by flushing at context switch. * REGS_USER can be handled for events limited to ring 3. * */ #define LARGE_PEBS_FLAGS \ (PERF_SAMPLE_IP | PERF_SAMPLE_TID | PERF_SAMPLE_ADDR | \ PERF_SAMPLE_ID | PERF_SAMPLE_CPU | PERF_SAMPLE_STREAM_ID | \ PERF_SAMPLE_DATA_SRC | PERF_SAMPLE_IDENTIFIER | \ PERF_SAMPLE_TRANSACTION | PERF_SAMPLE_PHYS_ADDR | \ PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_INTR | PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_USER | \ PERF_SAMPLE_PERIOD) #define PEBS_GP_REGS \ ((1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_AX) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_BX) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_CX) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_DX) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_DI) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_SI) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_SP) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_BP) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_IP) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_FLAGS) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R8) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R9) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R10) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R11) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R12) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R13) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R14) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R15)) /* * Per register state. */ struct er_account { raw_spinlock_t lock; /* per-core: protect structure */ u64 config; /* extra MSR config */ u64 reg; /* extra MSR number */ atomic_t ref; /* reference count */ }; /* * Per core/cpu state * * Used to coordinate shared registers between HT threads or * among events on a single PMU. */ struct intel_shared_regs { struct er_account regs[EXTRA_REG_MAX]; int refcnt; /* per-core: #HT threads */ unsigned core_id; /* per-core: core id */ }; enum intel_excl_state_type { INTEL_EXCL_UNUSED = 0, /* counter is unused */ INTEL_EXCL_SHARED = 1, /* counter can be used by both threads */ INTEL_EXCL_EXCLUSIVE = 2, /* counter can be used by one thread only */ }; struct intel_excl_states { enum intel_excl_state_type state[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; bool sched_started; /* true if scheduling has started */ }; struct intel_excl_cntrs { raw_spinlock_t lock; struct intel_excl_states states[2]; union { u16 has_exclusive[2]; u32 exclusive_present; }; int refcnt; /* per-core: #HT threads */ unsigned core_id; /* per-core: core id */ }; struct x86_perf_task_context; #define MAX_LBR_ENTRIES 32 enum { LBR_FORMAT_32 = 0x00, LBR_FORMAT_LIP = 0x01, LBR_FORMAT_EIP = 0x02, LBR_FORMAT_EIP_FLAGS = 0x03, LBR_FORMAT_EIP_FLAGS2 = 0x04, LBR_FORMAT_INFO = 0x05, LBR_FORMAT_TIME = 0x06, LBR_FORMAT_MAX_KNOWN = LBR_FORMAT_TIME, }; enum { X86_PERF_KFREE_SHARED = 0, X86_PERF_KFREE_EXCL = 1, X86_PERF_KFREE_MAX }; struct cpu_hw_events { /* * Generic x86 PMC bits */ struct perf_event *events[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; /* in counter order */ unsigned long active_mask[BITS_TO_LONGS(X86_PMC_IDX_MAX)]; unsigned long running[BITS_TO_LONGS(X86_PMC_IDX_MAX)]; int enabled; int n_events; /* the # of events in the below arrays */ int n_added; /* the # last events in the below arrays; they've never been enabled yet */ int n_txn; /* the # last events in the below arrays; added in the current transaction */ int n_txn_pair; int n_txn_metric; int assign[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; /* event to counter assignment */ u64 tags[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; struct perf_event *event_list[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; /* in enabled order */ struct event_constraint *event_constraint[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; int n_excl; /* the number of exclusive events */ unsigned int txn_flags; int is_fake; /* * Intel DebugStore bits */ struct debug_store *ds; void *ds_pebs_vaddr; void *ds_bts_vaddr; u64 pebs_enabled; int n_pebs; int n_large_pebs; int n_pebs_via_pt; int pebs_output; /* Current super set of events hardware configuration */ u64 pebs_data_cfg; u64 active_pebs_data_cfg; int pebs_record_size; /* * Intel LBR bits */ int lbr_users; int lbr_pebs_users; struct perf_branch_stack lbr_stack; struct perf_branch_entry lbr_entries[MAX_LBR_ENTRIES]; union { struct er_account *lbr_sel; struct er_account *lbr_ctl; }; u64 br_sel; void *last_task_ctx; int last_log_id; int lbr_select; void *lbr_xsave; /* * Intel host/guest exclude bits */ u64 intel_ctrl_guest_mask; u64 intel_ctrl_host_mask; struct perf_guest_switch_msr guest_switch_msrs[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; /* * Intel checkpoint mask */ u64 intel_cp_status; /* * manage shared (per-core, per-cpu) registers * used on Intel NHM/WSM/SNB */ struct intel_shared_regs *shared_regs; /* * manage exclusive counter access between hyperthread */ struct event_constraint *constraint_list; /* in enable order */ struct intel_excl_cntrs *excl_cntrs; int excl_thread_id; /* 0 or 1 */ /* * SKL TSX_FORCE_ABORT shadow */ u64 tfa_shadow; /* * Perf Metrics */ /* number of accepted metrics events */ int n_metric; /* * AMD specific bits */ struct amd_nb *amd_nb; /* Inverted mask of bits to clear in the perf_ctr ctrl registers */ u64 perf_ctr_virt_mask; int n_pair; /* Large increment events */ void *kfree_on_online[X86_PERF_KFREE_MAX]; struct pmu *pmu; }; #define __EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, m, w, o, f) { \ { .idxmsk64 = (n) }, \ .code = (c), \ .size = (e) - (c), \ .cmask = (m), \ .weight = (w), \ .overlap = (o), \ .flags = f, \ } #define __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, m, w, o, f) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, c, n, m, w, o, f) #define EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, m) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, m, HWEIGHT(n), 0, 0) /* * The constraint_match() function only works for 'simple' event codes * and not for extended (AMD64_EVENTSEL_EVENT) events codes. */ #define EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, m) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, m, HWEIGHT(n), 0, 0) #define INTEL_EXCLEVT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT, HWEIGHT(n),\ 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) /* * The overlap flag marks event constraints with overlapping counter * masks. This is the case if the counter mask of such an event is not * a subset of any other counter mask of a constraint with an equal or * higher weight, e.g.: * * c_overlaps = EVENT_CONSTRAINT_OVERLAP(0, 0x09, 0); * c_another1 = EVENT_CONSTRAINT(0, 0x07, 0); * c_another2 = EVENT_CONSTRAINT(0, 0x38, 0); * * The event scheduler may not select the correct counter in the first * cycle because it needs to know which subsequent events will be * scheduled. It may fail to schedule the events then. So we set the * overlap flag for such constraints to give the scheduler a hint which * events to select for counter rescheduling. * * Care must be taken as the rescheduling algorithm is O(n!) which * will increase scheduling cycles for an over-committed system * dramatically. The number of such EVENT_CONSTRAINT_OVERLAP() macros * and its counter masks must be kept at a minimum. */ #define EVENT_CONSTRAINT_OVERLAP(c, n, m) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, m, HWEIGHT(n), 1, 0) /* * Constraint on the Event code. */ #define INTEL_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT) /* * Constraint on a range of Event codes */ #define INTEL_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT) /* * Constraint on the Event code + UMask + fixed-mask * * filter mask to validate fixed counter events. * the following filters disqualify for fixed counters: * - inv * - edge * - cnt-mask * - in_tx * - in_tx_checkpointed * The other filters are supported by fixed counters. * The any-thread option is supported starting with v3. */ #define FIXED_EVENT_FLAGS (X86_RAW_EVENT_MASK|HSW_IN_TX|HSW_IN_TX_CHECKPOINTED) #define FIXED_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, (1ULL << (32+n)), FIXED_EVENT_FLAGS) /* * The special metric counters do not actually exist. They are calculated from * the combination of the FxCtr3 + MSR_PERF_METRICS. * * The special metric counters are mapped to a dummy offset for the scheduler. * The sharing between multiple users of the same metric without multiplexing * is not allowed, even though the hardware supports that in principle. */ #define METRIC_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, (1ULL << (INTEL_PMC_IDX_METRIC_BASE + n)), \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) /* * Constraint on the Event code + UMask */ #define INTEL_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) /* Constraint on specific umask bit only + event */ #define INTEL_UBIT_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|(c)) /* Like UEVENT_CONSTRAINT, but match flags too */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS) #define INTEL_EXCLUEVT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) #define INTEL_PLD_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LDLAT) #define INTEL_PST_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST) /* Event constraint, but match on all event flags too. */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS) #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS) /* Check only flags, but allow all event/umask */ #define INTEL_ALL_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS) /* Check flags and event code, and set the HSW store flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_ST(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST_HSW) /* Check flags and event code, and set the HSW load flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_LD(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW) #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_LD_RANGE(code, end, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(code, end, n, \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW) #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_XLD(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, \ PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW|PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) /* Check flags and event code/umask, and set the HSW store flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_ST(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST_HSW) #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_XST(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, \ PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST_HSW|PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) /* Check flags and event code/umask, and set the HSW load flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_LD(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW) #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_XLD(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, \ PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW|PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) /* Check flags and event code/umask, and set the HSW N/A flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_NA(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_NA_HSW) /* * We define the end marker as having a weight of -1 * to enable blacklisting of events using a counter bitmask * of zero and thus a weight of zero. * The end marker has a weight that cannot possibly be * obtained from counting the bits in the bitmask. */ #define EVENT_CONSTRAINT_END { .weight = -1 } /* * Check for end marker with weight == -1 */ #define for_each_event_constraint(e, c) \ for ((e) = (c); (e)->weight != -1; (e)++) /* * Extra registers for specific events. * * Some events need large masks and require external MSRs. * Those extra MSRs end up being shared for all events on * a PMU and sometimes between PMU of sibling HT threads. * In either case, the kernel needs to handle conflicting * accesses to those extra, shared, regs. The data structure * to manage those registers is stored in cpu_hw_event. */ struct extra_reg { unsigned int event; unsigned int msr; u64 config_mask; u64 valid_mask; int idx; /* per_xxx->regs[] reg index */ bool extra_msr_access; }; #define EVENT_EXTRA_REG(e, ms, m, vm, i) { \ .event = (e), \ .msr = (ms), \ .config_mask = (m), \ .valid_mask = (vm), \ .idx = EXTRA_REG_##i, \ .extra_msr_access = true, \ } #define INTEL_EVENT_EXTRA_REG(event, msr, vm, idx) \ EVENT_EXTRA_REG(event, msr, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT, vm, idx) #define INTEL_UEVENT_EXTRA_REG(event, msr, vm, idx) \ EVENT_EXTRA_REG(event, msr, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT | \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_UMASK, vm, idx) #define INTEL_UEVENT_PEBS_LDLAT_EXTRA_REG(c) \ INTEL_UEVENT_EXTRA_REG(c, \ MSR_PEBS_LD_LAT_THRESHOLD, \ 0xffff, \ LDLAT) #define EVENT_EXTRA_END EVENT_EXTRA_REG(0, 0, 0, 0, RSP_0) union perf_capabilities { struct { u64 lbr_format:6; u64 pebs_trap:1; u64 pebs_arch_reg:1; u64 pebs_format:4; u64 smm_freeze:1; /* * PMU supports separate counter range for writing * values > 32bit. */ u64 full_width_write:1; u64 pebs_baseline:1; u64 perf_metrics:1; u64 pebs_output_pt_available:1; u64 anythread_deprecated:1; }; u64 capabilities; }; struct x86_pmu_quirk { struct x86_pmu_quirk *next; void (*func)(void); }; union x86_pmu_config { struct { u64 event:8, umask:8, usr:1, os:1, edge:1, pc:1, interrupt:1, __reserved1:1, en:1, inv:1, cmask:8, event2:4, __reserved2:4, go:1, ho:1; } bits; u64 value; }; #define X86_CONFIG(args...) ((union x86_pmu_config){.bits = {args}}).value enum { x86_lbr_exclusive_lbr, x86_lbr_exclusive_bts, x86_lbr_exclusive_pt, x86_lbr_exclusive_max, }; /* * struct x86_pmu - generic x86 pmu */ struct x86_pmu { /* * Generic x86 PMC bits */ const char *name; int version; int (*handle_irq)(struct pt_regs *); void (*disable_all)(void); void (*enable_all)(int added); void (*enable)(struct perf_event *); void (*disable)(struct perf_event *); void (*add)(struct perf_event *); void (*del)(struct perf_event *); void (*read)(struct perf_event *event); int (*hw_config)(struct perf_event *event); int (*schedule_events)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int n, int *assign); unsigned eventsel; unsigned perfctr; int (*addr_offset)(int index, bool eventsel); int (*rdpmc_index)(int index); u64 (*event_map)(int); int max_events; int num_counters; int num_counters_fixed; int cntval_bits; u64 cntval_mask; union { unsigned long events_maskl; unsigned long events_mask[BITS_TO_LONGS(ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTS_COUNT)]; }; int events_mask_len; int apic; u64 max_period; struct event_constraint * (*get_event_constraints)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int idx, struct perf_event *event); void (*put_event_constraints)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, struct perf_event *event); void (*start_scheduling)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); void (*commit_scheduling)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int idx, int cntr); void (*stop_scheduling)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); struct event_constraint *event_constraints; struct x86_pmu_quirk *quirks; int perfctr_second_write; u64 (*limit_period)(struct perf_event *event, u64 l); /* PMI handler bits */ unsigned int late_ack :1, enabled_ack :1, counter_freezing :1; /* * sysfs attrs */ int attr_rdpmc_broken; int attr_rdpmc; struct attribute **format_attrs; ssize_t (*events_sysfs_show)(char *page, u64 config); const struct attribute_group **attr_update; unsigned long attr_freeze_on_smi; /* * CPU Hotplug hooks */ int (*cpu_prepare)(int cpu); void (*cpu_starting)(int cpu); void (*cpu_dying)(int cpu); void (*cpu_dead)(int cpu); void (*check_microcode)(void); void (*sched_task)(struct perf_event_context *ctx, bool sched_in); /* * Intel Arch Perfmon v2+ */ u64 intel_ctrl; union perf_capabilities intel_cap; /* * Intel DebugStore bits */ unsigned int bts :1, bts_active :1, pebs :1, pebs_active :1, pebs_broken :1, pebs_prec_dist :1, pebs_no_tlb :1, pebs_no_isolation :1; int pebs_record_size; int pebs_buffer_size; int max_pebs_events; void (*drain_pebs)(struct pt_regs *regs, struct perf_sample_data *data); struct event_constraint *pebs_constraints; void (*pebs_aliases)(struct perf_event *event); unsigned long large_pebs_flags; u64 rtm_abort_event; /* * Intel LBR */ unsigned int lbr_tos, lbr_from, lbr_to, lbr_info, lbr_nr; /* LBR base regs and size */ union { u64 lbr_sel_mask; /* LBR_SELECT valid bits */ u64 lbr_ctl_mask; /* LBR_CTL valid bits */ }; union { const int *lbr_sel_map; /* lbr_select mappings */ int *lbr_ctl_map; /* LBR_CTL mappings */ }; bool lbr_double_abort; /* duplicated lbr aborts */ bool lbr_pt_coexist; /* (LBR|BTS) may coexist with PT */ /* * Intel Architectural LBR CPUID Enumeration */ unsigned int lbr_depth_mask:8; unsigned int lbr_deep_c_reset:1; unsigned int lbr_lip:1; unsigned int lbr_cpl:1; unsigned int lbr_filter:1; unsigned int lbr_call_stack:1; unsigned int lbr_mispred:1; unsigned int lbr_timed_lbr:1; unsigned int lbr_br_type:1; void (*lbr_reset)(void); void (*lbr_read)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); void (*lbr_save)(void *ctx); void (*lbr_restore)(void *ctx); /* * Intel PT/LBR/BTS are exclusive */ atomic_t lbr_exclusive[x86_lbr_exclusive_max]; /* * Intel perf metrics */ u64 (*update_topdown_event)(struct perf_event *event); int (*set_topdown_event_period)(struct perf_event *event); /* * perf task context (i.e. struct perf_event_context::task_ctx_data) * switch helper to bridge calls from perf/core to perf/x86. * See struct pmu::swap_task_ctx() usage for examples; */ void (*swap_task_ctx)(struct perf_event_context *prev, struct perf_event_context *next); /* * AMD bits */ unsigned int amd_nb_constraints : 1; u64 perf_ctr_pair_en; /* * Extra registers for events */ struct extra_reg *extra_regs; unsigned int flags; /* * Intel host/guest support (KVM) */ struct perf_guest_switch_msr *(*guest_get_msrs)(int *nr); /* * Check period value for PERF_EVENT_IOC_PERIOD ioctl. */ int (*check_period) (struct perf_event *event, u64 period); int (*aux_output_match) (struct perf_event *event); }; struct x86_perf_task_context_opt { int lbr_callstack_users; int lbr_stack_state; int log_id; }; struct x86_perf_task_context { u64 lbr_sel; int tos; int valid_lbrs; struct x86_perf_task_context_opt opt; struct lbr_entry lbr[MAX_LBR_ENTRIES]; }; struct x86_perf_task_context_arch_lbr { struct x86_perf_task_context_opt opt; struct lbr_entry entries[]; }; /* * Add padding to guarantee the 64-byte alignment of the state buffer. * * The structure is dynamically allocated. The size of the LBR state may vary * based on the number of LBR registers. * * Do not put anything after the LBR state. */ struct x86_perf_task_context_arch_lbr_xsave { struct x86_perf_task_context_opt opt; union { struct xregs_state xsave; struct { struct fxregs_state i387; struct xstate_header header; struct arch_lbr_state lbr; } __attribute__ ((packed, aligned (XSAVE_ALIGNMENT))); }; }; #define x86_add_quirk(func_) \ do { \ static struct x86_pmu_quirk __quirk __initdata = { \ .func = func_, \ }; \ __quirk.next = x86_pmu.quirks; \ x86_pmu.quirks = &__quirk; \ } while (0) /* * x86_pmu flags */ #define PMU_FL_NO_HT_SHARING 0x1 /* no hyper-threading resource sharing */ #define PMU_FL_HAS_RSP_1 0x2 /* has 2 equivalent offcore_rsp regs */ #define PMU_FL_EXCL_CNTRS 0x4 /* has exclusive counter requirements */ #define PMU_FL_EXCL_ENABLED 0x8 /* exclusive counter active */ #define PMU_FL_PEBS_ALL 0x10 /* all events are valid PEBS events */ #define PMU_FL_TFA 0x20 /* deal with TSX force abort */ #define PMU_FL_PAIR 0x40 /* merge counters for large incr. events */ #define EVENT_VAR(_id) event_attr_##_id #define EVENT_PTR(_id) &event_attr_##_id.attr.attr #define EVENT_ATTR(_name, _id) \ static struct perf_pmu_events_attr EVENT_VAR(_id) = { \ .attr = __ATTR(_name, 0444, events_sysfs_show, NULL), \ .id = PERF_COUNT_HW_##_id, \ .event_str = NULL, \ }; #define EVENT_ATTR_STR(_name, v, str) \ static struct perf_pmu_events_attr event_attr_##v = { \ .attr = __ATTR(_name, 0444, events_sysfs_show, NULL), \ .id = 0, \ .event_str = str, \ }; #define EVENT_ATTR_STR_HT(_name, v, noht, ht) \ static struct perf_pmu_events_ht_attr event_attr_##v = { \ .attr = __ATTR(_name, 0444, events_ht_sysfs_show, NULL),\ .id = 0, \ .event_str_noht = noht, \ .event_str_ht = ht, \ } struct pmu *x86_get_pmu(unsigned int cpu); extern struct x86_pmu x86_pmu __read_mostly; static __always_inline struct x86_perf_task_context_opt *task_context_opt(void *ctx) { if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_ARCH_LBR)) return &((struct x86_perf_task_context_arch_lbr *)ctx)->opt; return &((struct x86_perf_task_context *)ctx)->opt; } static inline bool x86_pmu_has_lbr_callstack(void) { return x86_pmu.lbr_sel_map && x86_pmu.lbr_sel_map[PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_CALL_STACK_SHIFT] > 0; } DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct cpu_hw_events, cpu_hw_events); int x86_perf_event_set_period(struct perf_event *event); /* * Generalized hw caching related hw_event table, filled * in on a per model basis. A value of 0 means * 'not supported', -1 means 'hw_event makes no sense on * this CPU', any other value means the raw hw_event * ID. */ #define C(x) PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_##x extern u64 __read_mostly hw_cache_event_ids [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX] [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX] [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX]; extern u64 __read_mostly hw_cache_extra_regs [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX] [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX] [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX]; u64 x86_perf_event_update(struct perf_event *event); static inline unsigned int x86_pmu_config_addr(int index) { return x86_pmu.eventsel + (x86_pmu.addr_offset ? x86_pmu.addr_offset(index, true) : index); } static inline unsigned int x86_pmu_event_addr(int index) { return x86_pmu.perfctr + (x86_pmu.addr_offset ? x86_pmu.addr_offset(index, false) : index); } static inline int x86_pmu_rdpmc_index(int index) { return x86_pmu.rdpmc_index ? x86_pmu.rdpmc_index(index) : index; } int x86_add_exclusive(unsigned int what); void x86_del_exclusive(unsigned int what); int x86_reserve_hardware(void); void x86_release_hardware(void); int x86_pmu_max_precise(void); void hw_perf_lbr_event_destroy(struct perf_event *event); int x86_setup_perfctr(struct perf_event *event); int x86_pmu_hw_config(struct perf_event *event); void x86_pmu_disable_all(void); static inline bool is_counter_pair(struct hw_perf_event *hwc) { return hwc->flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_PAIR; } static inline void __x86_pmu_enable_event(struct hw_perf_event *hwc, u64 enable_mask) { u64 disable_mask = __this_cpu_read(cpu_hw_events.perf_ctr_virt_mask); if (hwc->extra_reg.reg) wrmsrl(hwc->extra_reg.reg, hwc->extra_reg.config); /* * Add enabled Merge event on next counter * if large increment event being enabled on this counter */ if (is_counter_pair(hwc)) wrmsrl(x86_pmu_config_addr(hwc->idx + 1), x86_pmu.perf_ctr_pair_en); wrmsrl(hwc->config_base, (hwc->config | enable_mask) & ~disable_mask); } void x86_pmu_enable_all(int added); int perf_assign_events(struct event_constraint **constraints, int n, int wmin, int wmax, int gpmax, int *assign); int x86_schedule_events(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int n, int *assign); void x86_pmu_stop(struct perf_event *event, int flags); static inline void x86_pmu_disable_event(struct perf_event *event) { u64 disable_mask = __this_cpu_read(cpu_hw_events.perf_ctr_virt_mask); struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw; wrmsrl(hwc->config_base, hwc->config & ~disable_mask); if (is_counter_pair(hwc)) wrmsrl(x86_pmu_config_addr(hwc->idx + 1), 0); } void x86_pmu_enable_event(struct perf_event *event); int x86_pmu_handle_irq(struct pt_regs *regs); extern struct event_constraint emptyconstraint; extern struct event_constraint unconstrained; static inline bool kernel_ip(unsigned long ip) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 return ip > PAGE_OFFSET; #else return (long)ip < 0; #endif } /* * Not all PMUs provide the right context information to place the reported IP * into full context. Specifically segment registers are typically not * supplied. * * Assuming the address is a linear address (it is for IBS), we fake the CS and * vm86 mode using the known zero-based code segment and 'fix up' the registers * to reflect this. * * Intel PEBS/LBR appear to typically provide the effective address, nothing * much we can do about that but pray and treat it like a linear address. */ static inline void set_linear_ip(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long ip) { regs->cs = kernel_ip(ip) ? __KERNEL_CS : __USER_CS; if (regs->flags & X86_VM_MASK) regs->flags ^= (PERF_EFLAGS_VM | X86_VM_MASK); regs->ip = ip; } ssize_t x86_event_sysfs_show(char *page, u64 config, u64 event); ssize_t intel_event_sysfs_show(char *page, u64 config); ssize_t events_sysfs_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *page); ssize_t events_ht_sysfs_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *page); #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD int amd_pmu_init(void); #else /* CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD */ static inline int amd_pmu_init(void) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD */ static inline int is_pebs_pt(struct perf_event *event) { return !!(event->hw.flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_VIA_PT); } #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL static inline bool intel_pmu_has_bts_period(struct perf_event *event, u64 period) { struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw; unsigned int hw_event, bts_event; if (event->attr.freq) return false; hw_event = hwc->config & INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK; bts_event = x86_pmu.event_map(PERF_COUNT_HW_BRANCH_INSTRUCTIONS); return hw_event == bts_event && period == 1; } static inline bool intel_pmu_has_bts(struct perf_event *event) { struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw; return intel_pmu_has_bts_period(event, hwc->sample_period); } int intel_pmu_save_and_restart(struct perf_event *event); struct event_constraint * x86_get_event_constraints(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int idx, struct perf_event *event); extern int intel_cpuc_prepare(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int cpu); extern void intel_cpuc_finish(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); int intel_pmu_init(void); void init_debug_store_on_cpu(int cpu); void fini_debug_store_on_cpu(int cpu); void release_ds_buffers(void); void reserve_ds_buffers(void); void release_lbr_buffers(void); void reserve_lbr_buffers(void); extern struct event_constraint bts_constraint; extern struct event_constraint vlbr_constraint; void intel_pmu_enable_bts(u64 config); void intel_pmu_disable_bts(void); int intel_pmu_drain_bts_buffer(void); extern struct event_constraint intel_core2_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_atom_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_slm_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_glm_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_glp_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_nehalem_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_westmere_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_snb_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_ivb_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_hsw_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_bdw_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_skl_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_icl_pebs_event_constraints[]; struct event_constraint *intel_pebs_constraints(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_pebs_add(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_pebs_del(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_pebs_enable(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_pebs_disable(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_pebs_enable_all(void); void intel_pmu_pebs_disable_all(void); void intel_pmu_pebs_sched_task(struct perf_event_context *ctx, bool sched_in); void intel_pmu_auto_reload_read(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_store_pebs_lbrs(struct lbr_entry *lbr); void intel_ds_init(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_swap_task_ctx(struct perf_event_context *prev, struct perf_event_context *next); void intel_pmu_lbr_sched_task(struct perf_event_context *ctx, bool sched_in); u64 lbr_from_signext_quirk_wr(u64 val); void intel_pmu_lbr_reset(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_reset_32(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_reset_64(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_add(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_lbr_del(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_lbr_enable_all(bool pmi); void intel_pmu_lbr_disable_all(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_read(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_read_32(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); void intel_pmu_lbr_read_64(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); void intel_pmu_lbr_save(void *ctx); void intel_pmu_lbr_restore(void *ctx); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_core(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_nhm(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_atom(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_slm(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_snb(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_hsw(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_skl(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_knl(void); void intel_pmu_arch_lbr_init(void); void intel_pmu_pebs_data_source_nhm(void); void intel_pmu_pebs_data_source_skl(bool pmem); int intel_pmu_setup_lbr_filter(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pt_interrupt(void); int intel_bts_interrupt(void); void intel_bts_enable_local(void); void intel_bts_disable_local(void); int p4_pmu_init(void); int p6_pmu_init(void); int knc_pmu_init(void); static inline int is_ht_workaround_enabled(void) { return !!(x86_pmu.flags & PMU_FL_EXCL_ENABLED); } #else /* CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL */ static inline void reserve_ds_buffers(void) { } static inline void release_ds_buffers(void) { } static inline void release_lbr_buffers(void) { } static inline void reserve_lbr_buffers(void) { } static inline int intel_pmu_init(void) { return 0; } static inline int intel_cpuc_prepare(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int cpu) { return 0; } static inline void intel_cpuc_finish(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc) { } static inline int is_ht_workaround_enabled(void) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL */ #if ((defined CONFIG_CPU_SUP_CENTAUR) || (defined CONFIG_CPU_SUP_ZHAOXIN)) int zhaoxin_pmu_init(void); #else static inline int zhaoxin_pmu_init(void) { return 0; } #endif /*CONFIG_CPU_SUP_CENTAUR or CONFIG_CPU_SUP_ZHAOXIN*/
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * kobject.h - generic kernel object infrastructure. * * Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2002-2003 Open Source Development Labs * Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com> * Copyright (c) 2006-2008 Novell Inc. * * Please read Documentation/core-api/kobject.rst before using the kobject * interface, ESPECIALLY the parts about reference counts and object * destructors. */ #ifndef _KOBJECT_H_ #define _KOBJECT_H_ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/sysfs.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/kobject_ns.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #define UEVENT_HELPER_PATH_LEN 256 #define UEVENT_NUM_ENVP 64 /* number of env pointers */ #define UEVENT_BUFFER_SIZE 2048 /* buffer for the variables */ #ifdef CONFIG_UEVENT_HELPER /* path to the userspace helper executed on an event */ extern char uevent_helper[]; #endif /* counter to tag the uevent, read only except for the kobject core */ extern u64 uevent_seqnum; /* * The actions here must match the index to the string array * in lib/kobject_uevent.c * * Do not add new actions here without checking with the driver-core * maintainers. Action strings are not meant to express subsystem * or device specific properties. In most cases you want to send a * kobject_uevent_env(kobj, KOBJ_CHANGE, env) with additional event * specific variables added to the event environment. */ enum kobject_action { KOBJ_ADD, KOBJ_REMOVE, KOBJ_CHANGE, KOBJ_MOVE, KOBJ_ONLINE, KOBJ_OFFLINE, KOBJ_BIND, KOBJ_UNBIND, }; struct kobject { const char *name; struct list_head entry; struct kobject *parent; struct kset *kset; struct kobj_type *ktype; struct kernfs_node *sd; /* sysfs directory entry */ struct kref kref; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_KOBJECT_RELEASE struct delayed_work release; #endif unsigned int state_initialized:1; unsigned int state_in_sysfs:1; unsigned int state_add_uevent_sent:1; unsigned int state_remove_uevent_sent:1; unsigned int uevent_suppress:1; }; extern __printf(2, 3) int kobject_set_name(struct kobject *kobj, const char *name, ...); extern __printf(2, 0) int kobject_set_name_vargs(struct kobject *kobj, const char *fmt, va_list vargs); static inline const char *kobject_name(const struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj->name; } extern void kobject_init(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_type *ktype); extern __printf(3, 4) __must_check int kobject_add(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) __must_check int kobject_init_and_add(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_type *ktype, struct kobject *parent, const char *fmt, ...); extern void kobject_del(struct kobject *kobj); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_create(void); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_create_and_add(const char *name, struct kobject *parent); extern int __must_check kobject_rename(struct kobject *, const char *new_name); extern int __must_check kobject_move(struct kobject *, struct kobject *); extern struct kobject *kobject_get(struct kobject *kobj); extern struct kobject * __must_check kobject_get_unless_zero( struct kobject *kobj); extern void kobject_put(struct kobject *kobj); extern const void *kobject_namespace(struct kobject *kobj); extern void kobject_get_ownership(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); extern char *kobject_get_path(struct kobject *kobj, gfp_t flag); /** * kobject_has_children - Returns whether a kobject has children. * @kobj: the object to test * * This will return whether a kobject has other kobjects as children. * * It does NOT account for the presence of attribute files, only sub * directories. It also assumes there is no concurrent addition or * removal of such children, and thus relies on external locking. */ static inline bool kobject_has_children(struct kobject *kobj) { WARN_ON_ONCE(kref_read(&kobj->kref) == 0); return kobj->sd && kobj->sd->dir.subdirs; } struct kobj_type { void (*release)(struct kobject *kobj); const struct sysfs_ops *sysfs_ops; struct attribute **default_attrs; /* use default_groups instead */ const struct attribute_group **default_groups; const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *(*child_ns_type)(struct kobject *kobj); const void *(*namespace)(struct kobject *kobj); void (*get_ownership)(struct kobject *kobj, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); }; struct kobj_uevent_env { char *argv[3]; char *envp[UEVENT_NUM_ENVP]; int envp_idx; char buf[UEVENT_BUFFER_SIZE]; int buflen; }; struct kset_uevent_ops { int (* const filter)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj); const char *(* const name)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj); int (* const uevent)(struct kset *kset, struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_uevent_env *env); }; struct kobj_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t (*store)(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); }; extern const struct sysfs_ops kobj_sysfs_ops; struct sock; /** * struct kset - a set of kobjects of a specific type, belonging to a specific subsystem. * * A kset defines a group of kobjects. They can be individually * different "types" but overall these kobjects all want to be grouped * together and operated on in the same manner. ksets are used to * define the attribute callbacks and other common events that happen to * a kobject. * * @list: the list of all kobjects for this kset * @list_lock: a lock for iterating over the kobjects * @kobj: the embedded kobject for this kset (recursion, isn't it fun...) * @uevent_ops: the set of uevent operations for this kset. These are * called whenever a kobject has something happen to it so that the kset * can add new environment variables, or filter out the uevents if so * desired. */ struct kset { struct list_head list; spinlock_t list_lock; struct kobject kobj; const struct kset_uevent_ops *uevent_ops; } __randomize_layout; extern void kset_init(struct kset *kset); extern int __must_check kset_register(struct kset *kset); extern void kset_unregister(struct kset *kset); extern struct kset * __must_check kset_create_and_add(const char *name, const struct kset_uevent_ops *u, struct kobject *parent_kobj); static inline struct kset *to_kset(struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj ? container_of(kobj, struct kset, kobj) : NULL; } static inline struct kset *kset_get(struct kset *k) { return k ? to_kset(kobject_get(&k->kobj)) : NULL; } static inline void kset_put(struct kset *k) { kobject_put(&k->kobj); } static inline struct kobj_type *get_ktype(struct kobject *kobj) { return kobj->ktype; } extern struct kobject *kset_find_obj(struct kset *, const char *); /* The global /sys/kernel/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *kernel_kobj; /* The global /sys/kernel/mm/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *mm_kobj; /* The global /sys/hypervisor/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *hypervisor_kobj; /* The global /sys/power/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *power_kobj; /* The global /sys/firmware/ kobject for people to chain off of */ extern struct kobject *firmware_kobj; int kobject_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action); int kobject_uevent_env(struct kobject *kobj, enum kobject_action action, char *envp[]); int kobject_synth_uevent(struct kobject *kobj, const char *buf, size_t count); __printf(2, 3) int add_uevent_var(struct kobj_uevent_env *env, const char *format, ...); #endif /* _KOBJECT_H_ */
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