1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __IEEE802154_CORE_H #define __IEEE802154_CORE_H #include <net/cfg802154.h> struct cfg802154_registered_device { const struct cfg802154_ops *ops; struct list_head list; /* wpan_phy index, internal only */ int wpan_phy_idx; /* also protected by devlist_mtx */ int opencount; wait_queue_head_t dev_wait; /* protected by RTNL only */ int num_running_ifaces; /* associated wpan interfaces, protected by rtnl or RCU */ struct list_head wpan_dev_list; int devlist_generation, wpan_dev_id; /* must be last because of the way we do wpan_phy_priv(), * and it should at least be aligned to NETDEV_ALIGN */ struct wpan_phy wpan_phy __aligned(NETDEV_ALIGN); }; static inline struct cfg802154_registered_device * wpan_phy_to_rdev(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy) { BUG_ON(!wpan_phy); return container_of(wpan_phy, struct cfg802154_registered_device, wpan_phy); } extern struct list_head cfg802154_rdev_list; extern int cfg802154_rdev_list_generation; int cfg802154_switch_netns(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct net *net); /* free object */ void cfg802154_dev_free(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev); struct cfg802154_registered_device * cfg802154_rdev_by_wpan_phy_idx(int wpan_phy_idx); struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy_idx_to_wpan_phy(int wpan_phy_idx); #endif /* __IEEE802154_CORE_H */
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1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 1385 1386 1387 1388 1389 1390 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* Common capabilities, needed by capability.o. */ #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/lsm_hooks.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netlink.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/prctl.h> #include <linux/securebits.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/binfmts.h> #include <linux/personality.h> /* * If a non-root user executes a setuid-root binary in * !secure(SECURE_NOROOT) mode, then we raise capabilities. * However if fE is also set, then the intent is for only * the file capabilities to be applied, and the setuid-root * bit is left on either to change the uid (plausible) or * to get full privilege on a kernel without file capabilities * support. So in that case we do not raise capabilities. * * Warn if that happens, once per boot. */ static void warn_setuid_and_fcaps_mixed(const char *fname) { static int warned; if (!warned) { printk(KERN_INFO "warning: `%s' has both setuid-root and" " effective capabilities. Therefore not raising all" " capabilities.\n", fname); warned = 1; } } /** * cap_capable - Determine whether a task has a particular effective capability * @cred: The credentials to use * @ns: The user namespace in which we need the capability * @cap: The capability to check for * @opts: Bitmask of options defined in include/linux/security.h * * Determine whether the nominated task has the specified capability amongst * its effective set, returning 0 if it does, -ve if it does not. * * NOTE WELL: cap_has_capability() cannot be used like the kernel's capable() * and has_capability() functions. That is, it has the reverse semantics: * cap_has_capability() returns 0 when a task has a capability, but the * kernel's capable() and has_capability() returns 1 for this case. */ int cap_capable(const struct cred *cred, struct user_namespace *targ_ns, int cap, unsigned int opts) { struct user_namespace *ns = targ_ns; /* See if cred has the capability in the target user namespace * by examining the target user namespace and all of the target * user namespace's parents. */ for (;;) { /* Do we have the necessary capabilities? */ if (ns == cred->user_ns) return cap_raised(cred->cap_effective, cap) ? 0 : -EPERM; /* * If we're already at a lower level than we're looking for, * we're done searching. */ if (ns->level <= cred->user_ns->level) return -EPERM; /* * The owner of the user namespace in the parent of the * user namespace has all caps. */ if ((ns->parent == cred->user_ns) && uid_eq(ns->owner, cred->euid)) return 0; /* * If you have a capability in a parent user ns, then you have * it over all children user namespaces as well. */ ns = ns->parent; } /* We never get here */ } /** * cap_settime - Determine whether the current process may set the system clock * @ts: The time to set * @tz: The timezone to set * * Determine whether the current process may set the system clock and timezone * information, returning 0 if permission granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_settime(const struct timespec64 *ts, const struct timezone *tz) { if (!capable(CAP_SYS_TIME)) return -EPERM; return 0; } /** * cap_ptrace_access_check - Determine whether the current process may access * another * @child: The process to be accessed * @mode: The mode of attachment. * * If we are in the same or an ancestor user_ns and have all the target * task's capabilities, then ptrace access is allowed. * If we have the ptrace capability to the target user_ns, then ptrace * access is allowed. * Else denied. * * Determine whether a process may access another, returning 0 if permission * granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_ptrace_access_check(struct task_struct *child, unsigned int mode) { int ret = 0; const struct cred *cred, *child_cred; const kernel_cap_t *caller_caps; rcu_read_lock(); cred = current_cred(); child_cred = __task_cred(child); if (mode & PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS) caller_caps = &cred->cap_effective; else caller_caps = &cred->cap_permitted; if (cred->user_ns == child_cred->user_ns && cap_issubset(child_cred->cap_permitted, *caller_caps)) goto out; if (ns_capable(child_cred->user_ns, CAP_SYS_PTRACE)) goto out; ret = -EPERM; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * cap_ptrace_traceme - Determine whether another process may trace the current * @parent: The task proposed to be the tracer * * If parent is in the same or an ancestor user_ns and has all current's * capabilities, then ptrace access is allowed. * If parent has the ptrace capability to current's user_ns, then ptrace * access is allowed. * Else denied. * * Determine whether the nominated task is permitted to trace the current * process, returning 0 if permission is granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_ptrace_traceme(struct task_struct *parent) { int ret = 0; const struct cred *cred, *child_cred; rcu_read_lock(); cred = __task_cred(parent); child_cred = current_cred(); if (cred->user_ns == child_cred->user_ns && cap_issubset(child_cred->cap_permitted, cred->cap_permitted)) goto out; if (has_ns_capability(parent, child_cred->user_ns, CAP_SYS_PTRACE)) goto out; ret = -EPERM; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * cap_capget - Retrieve a task's capability sets * @target: The task from which to retrieve the capability sets * @effective: The place to record the effective set * @inheritable: The place to record the inheritable set * @permitted: The place to record the permitted set * * This function retrieves the capabilities of the nominated task and returns * them to the caller. */ int cap_capget(struct task_struct *target, kernel_cap_t *effective, kernel_cap_t *inheritable, kernel_cap_t *permitted) { const struct cred *cred; /* Derived from kernel/capability.c:sys_capget. */ rcu_read_lock(); cred = __task_cred(target); *effective = cred->cap_effective; *inheritable = cred->cap_inheritable; *permitted = cred->cap_permitted; rcu_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* * Determine whether the inheritable capabilities are limited to the old * permitted set. Returns 1 if they are limited, 0 if they are not. */ static inline int cap_inh_is_capped(void) { /* they are so limited unless the current task has the CAP_SETPCAP * capability */ if (cap_capable(current_cred(), current_cred()->user_ns, CAP_SETPCAP, CAP_OPT_NONE) == 0) return 0; return 1; } /** * cap_capset - Validate and apply proposed changes to current's capabilities * @new: The proposed new credentials; alterations should be made here * @old: The current task's current credentials * @effective: A pointer to the proposed new effective capabilities set * @inheritable: A pointer to the proposed new inheritable capabilities set * @permitted: A pointer to the proposed new permitted capabilities set * * This function validates and applies a proposed mass change to the current * process's capability sets. The changes are made to the proposed new * credentials, and assuming no error, will be committed by the caller of LSM. */ int cap_capset(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old, const kernel_cap_t *effective, const kernel_cap_t *inheritable, const kernel_cap_t *permitted) { if (cap_inh_is_capped() && !cap_issubset(*inheritable, cap_combine(old->cap_inheritable, old->cap_permitted))) /* incapable of using this inheritable set */ return -EPERM; if (!cap_issubset(*inheritable, cap_combine(old->cap_inheritable, old->cap_bset))) /* no new pI capabilities outside bounding set */ return -EPERM; /* verify restrictions on target's new Permitted set */ if (!cap_issubset(*permitted, old->cap_permitted)) return -EPERM; /* verify the _new_Effective_ is a subset of the _new_Permitted_ */ if (!cap_issubset(*effective, *permitted)) return -EPERM; new->cap_effective = *effective; new->cap_inheritable = *inheritable; new->cap_permitted = *permitted; /* * Mask off ambient bits that are no longer both permitted and * inheritable. */ new->cap_ambient = cap_intersect(new->cap_ambient, cap_intersect(*permitted, *inheritable)); if (WARN_ON(!cap_ambient_invariant_ok(new))) return -EINVAL; return 0; } /** * cap_inode_need_killpriv - Determine if inode change affects privileges * @dentry: The inode/dentry in being changed with change marked ATTR_KILL_PRIV * * Determine if an inode having a change applied that's marked ATTR_KILL_PRIV * affects the security markings on that inode, and if it is, should * inode_killpriv() be invoked or the change rejected. * * Returns 1 if security.capability has a value, meaning inode_killpriv() * is required, 0 otherwise, meaning inode_killpriv() is not required. */ int cap_inode_need_killpriv(struct dentry *dentry) { struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); int error; error = __vfs_getxattr(dentry, inode, XATTR_NAME_CAPS, NULL, 0); return error > 0; } /** * cap_inode_killpriv - Erase the security markings on an inode * @dentry: The inode/dentry to alter * * Erase the privilege-enhancing security markings on an inode. * * Returns 0 if successful, -ve on error. */ int cap_inode_killpriv(struct dentry *dentry) { int error; error = __vfs_removexattr(dentry, XATTR_NAME_CAPS); if (error == -EOPNOTSUPP) error = 0; return error; } static bool rootid_owns_currentns(kuid_t kroot) { struct user_namespace *ns; if (!uid_valid(kroot)) return false; for (ns = current_user_ns(); ; ns = ns->parent) { if (from_kuid(ns, kroot) == 0) return true; if (ns == &init_user_ns) break; } return false; } static __u32 sansflags(__u32 m) { return m & ~VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE; } static bool is_v2header(size_t size, const struct vfs_cap_data *cap) { if (size != XATTR_CAPS_SZ_2) return false; return sansflags(le32_to_cpu(cap->magic_etc)) == VFS_CAP_REVISION_2; } static bool is_v3header(size_t size, const struct vfs_cap_data *cap) { if (size != XATTR_CAPS_SZ_3) return false; return sansflags(le32_to_cpu(cap->magic_etc)) == VFS_CAP_REVISION_3; } /* * getsecurity: We are called for security.* before any attempt to read the * xattr from the inode itself. * * This gives us a chance to read the on-disk value and convert it. If we * return -EOPNOTSUPP, then vfs_getxattr() will call the i_op handler. * * Note we are not called by vfs_getxattr_alloc(), but that is only called * by the integrity subsystem, which really wants the unconverted values - * so that's good. */ int cap_inode_getsecurity(struct inode *inode, const char *name, void **buffer, bool alloc) { int size, ret; kuid_t kroot; u32 nsmagic, magic; uid_t root, mappedroot; char *tmpbuf = NULL; struct vfs_cap_data *cap; struct vfs_ns_cap_data *nscap = NULL; struct dentry *dentry; struct user_namespace *fs_ns; if (strcmp(name, "capability") != 0) return -EOPNOTSUPP; dentry = d_find_any_alias(inode); if (!dentry) return -EINVAL; size = sizeof(struct vfs_ns_cap_data); ret = (int) vfs_getxattr_alloc(dentry, XATTR_NAME_CAPS, &tmpbuf, size, GFP_NOFS); dput(dentry); if (ret < 0 || !tmpbuf) return ret; fs_ns = inode->i_sb->s_user_ns; cap = (struct vfs_cap_data *) tmpbuf; if (is_v2header((size_t) ret, cap)) { root = 0; } else if (is_v3header((size_t) ret, cap)) { nscap = (struct vfs_ns_cap_data *) tmpbuf; root = le32_to_cpu(nscap->rootid); } else { size = -EINVAL; goto out_free; } kroot = make_kuid(fs_ns, root); /* If the root kuid maps to a valid uid in current ns, then return * this as a nscap. */ mappedroot = from_kuid(current_user_ns(), kroot); if (mappedroot != (uid_t)-1 && mappedroot != (uid_t)0) { size = sizeof(struct vfs_ns_cap_data); if (alloc) { if (!nscap) { /* v2 -> v3 conversion */ nscap = kzalloc(size, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!nscap) { size = -ENOMEM; goto out_free; } nsmagic = VFS_CAP_REVISION_3; magic = le32_to_cpu(cap->magic_etc); if (magic & VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE) nsmagic |= VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE; memcpy(&nscap->data, &cap->data, sizeof(__le32) * 2 * VFS_CAP_U32); nscap->magic_etc = cpu_to_le32(nsmagic); } else { /* use allocated v3 buffer */ tmpbuf = NULL; } nscap->rootid = cpu_to_le32(mappedroot); *buffer = nscap; } goto out_free; } if (!rootid_owns_currentns(kroot)) { size = -EOVERFLOW; goto out_free; } /* This comes from a parent namespace. Return as a v2 capability */ size = sizeof(struct vfs_cap_data); if (alloc) { if (nscap) { /* v3 -> v2 conversion */ cap = kzalloc(size, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!cap) { size = -ENOMEM; goto out_free; } magic = VFS_CAP_REVISION_2; nsmagic = le32_to_cpu(nscap->magic_etc); if (nsmagic & VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE) magic |= VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE; memcpy(&cap->data, &nscap->data, sizeof(__le32) * 2 * VFS_CAP_U32); cap->magic_etc = cpu_to_le32(magic); } else { /* use unconverted v2 */ tmpbuf = NULL; } *buffer = cap; } out_free: kfree(tmpbuf); return size; } static kuid_t rootid_from_xattr(const void *value, size_t size, struct user_namespace *task_ns) { const struct vfs_ns_cap_data *nscap = value; uid_t rootid = 0; if (size == XATTR_CAPS_SZ_3) rootid = le32_to_cpu(nscap->rootid); return make_kuid(task_ns, rootid); } static bool validheader(size_t size, const struct vfs_cap_data *cap) { return is_v2header(size, cap) || is_v3header(size, cap); } /* * User requested a write of security.capability. If needed, update the * xattr to change from v2 to v3, or to fixup the v3 rootid. * * If all is ok, we return the new size, on error return < 0. */ int cap_convert_nscap(struct dentry *dentry, void **ivalue, size_t size) { struct vfs_ns_cap_data *nscap; uid_t nsrootid; const struct vfs_cap_data *cap = *ivalue; __u32 magic, nsmagic; struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); struct user_namespace *task_ns = current_user_ns(), *fs_ns = inode->i_sb->s_user_ns; kuid_t rootid; size_t newsize; if (!*ivalue) return -EINVAL; if (!validheader(size, cap)) return -EINVAL; if (!capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_SETFCAP)) return -EPERM; if (size == XATTR_CAPS_SZ_2) if (ns_capable(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, CAP_SETFCAP)) /* user is privileged, just write the v2 */ return size; rootid = rootid_from_xattr(*ivalue, size, task_ns); if (!uid_valid(rootid)) return -EINVAL; nsrootid = from_kuid(fs_ns, rootid); if (nsrootid == -1) return -EINVAL; newsize = sizeof(struct vfs_ns_cap_data); nscap = kmalloc(newsize, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!nscap) return -ENOMEM; nscap->rootid = cpu_to_le32(nsrootid); nsmagic = VFS_CAP_REVISION_3; magic = le32_to_cpu(cap->magic_etc); if (magic & VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE) nsmagic |= VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE; nscap->magic_etc = cpu_to_le32(nsmagic); memcpy(&nscap->data, &cap->data, sizeof(__le32) * 2 * VFS_CAP_U32); kvfree(*ivalue); *ivalue = nscap; return newsize; } /* * Calculate the new process capability sets from the capability sets attached * to a file. */ static inline int bprm_caps_from_vfs_caps(struct cpu_vfs_cap_data *caps, struct linux_binprm *bprm, bool *effective, bool *has_fcap) { struct cred *new = bprm->cred; unsigned i; int ret = 0; if (caps->magic_etc & VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE) *effective = true; if (caps->magic_etc & VFS_CAP_REVISION_MASK) *has_fcap = true; CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(i) { __u32 permitted = caps->permitted.cap[i]; __u32 inheritable = caps->inheritable.cap[i]; /* * pP' = (X & fP) | (pI & fI) * The addition of pA' is handled later. */ new->cap_permitted.cap[i] = (new->cap_bset.cap[i] & permitted) | (new->cap_inheritable.cap[i] & inheritable); if (permitted & ~new->cap_permitted.cap[i]) /* insufficient to execute correctly */ ret = -EPERM; } /* * For legacy apps, with no internal support for recognizing they * do not have enough capabilities, we return an error if they are * missing some "forced" (aka file-permitted) capabilities. */ return *effective ? ret : 0; } /* * Extract the on-exec-apply capability sets for an executable file. */ int get_vfs_caps_from_disk(const struct dentry *dentry, struct cpu_vfs_cap_data *cpu_caps) { struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); __u32 magic_etc; unsigned tocopy, i; int size; struct vfs_ns_cap_data data, *nscaps = &data; struct vfs_cap_data *caps = (struct vfs_cap_data *) &data; kuid_t rootkuid; struct user_namespace *fs_ns; memset(cpu_caps, 0, sizeof(struct cpu_vfs_cap_data)); if (!inode) return -ENODATA; fs_ns = inode->i_sb->s_user_ns; size = __vfs_getxattr((struct dentry *)dentry, inode, XATTR_NAME_CAPS, &data, XATTR_CAPS_SZ); if (size == -ENODATA || size == -EOPNOTSUPP) /* no data, that's ok */ return -ENODATA; if (size < 0) return size; if (size < sizeof(magic_etc)) return -EINVAL; cpu_caps->magic_etc = magic_etc = le32_to_cpu(caps->magic_etc); rootkuid = make_kuid(fs_ns, 0); switch (magic_etc & VFS_CAP_REVISION_MASK) { case VFS_CAP_REVISION_1: if (size != XATTR_CAPS_SZ_1) return -EINVAL; tocopy = VFS_CAP_U32_1; break; case VFS_CAP_REVISION_2: if (size != XATTR_CAPS_SZ_2) return -EINVAL; tocopy = VFS_CAP_U32_2; break; case VFS_CAP_REVISION_3: if (size != XATTR_CAPS_SZ_3) return -EINVAL; tocopy = VFS_CAP_U32_3; rootkuid = make_kuid(fs_ns, le32_to_cpu(nscaps->rootid)); break; default: return -EINVAL; } /* Limit the caps to the mounter of the filesystem * or the more limited uid specified in the xattr. */ if (!rootid_owns_currentns(rootkuid)) return -ENODATA; CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(i) { if (i >= tocopy) break; cpu_caps->permitted.cap[i] = le32_to_cpu(caps->data[i].permitted); cpu_caps->inheritable.cap[i] = le32_to_cpu(caps->data[i].inheritable); } cpu_caps->permitted.cap[CAP_LAST_U32] &= CAP_LAST_U32_VALID_MASK; cpu_caps->inheritable.cap[CAP_LAST_U32] &= CAP_LAST_U32_VALID_MASK; cpu_caps->rootid = rootkuid; return 0; } /* * Attempt to get the on-exec apply capability sets for an executable file from * its xattrs and, if present, apply them to the proposed credentials being * constructed by execve(). */ static int get_file_caps(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct file *file, bool *effective, bool *has_fcap) { int rc = 0; struct cpu_vfs_cap_data vcaps; cap_clear(bprm->cred->cap_permitted); if (!file_caps_enabled) return 0; if (!mnt_may_suid(file->f_path.mnt)) return 0; /* * This check is redundant with mnt_may_suid() but is kept to make * explicit that capability bits are limited to s_user_ns and its * descendants. */ if (!current_in_userns(file->f_path.mnt->mnt_sb->s_user_ns)) return 0; rc = get_vfs_caps_from_disk(file->f_path.dentry, &vcaps); if (rc < 0) { if (rc == -EINVAL) printk(KERN_NOTICE "Invalid argument reading file caps for %s\n", bprm->filename); else if (rc == -ENODATA) rc = 0; goto out; } rc = bprm_caps_from_vfs_caps(&vcaps, bprm, effective, has_fcap); out: if (rc) cap_clear(bprm->cred->cap_permitted); return rc; } static inline bool root_privileged(void) { return !issecure(SECURE_NOROOT); } static inline bool __is_real(kuid_t uid, struct cred *cred) { return uid_eq(cred->uid, uid); } static inline bool __is_eff(kuid_t uid, struct cred *cred) { return uid_eq(cred->euid, uid); } static inline bool __is_suid(kuid_t uid, struct cred *cred) { return !__is_real(uid, cred) && __is_eff(uid, cred); } /* * handle_privileged_root - Handle case of privileged root * @bprm: The execution parameters, including the proposed creds * @has_fcap: Are any file capabilities set? * @effective: Do we have effective root privilege? * @root_uid: This namespace' root UID WRT initial USER namespace * * Handle the case where root is privileged and hasn't been neutered by * SECURE_NOROOT. If file capabilities are set, they won't be combined with * set UID root and nothing is changed. If we are root, cap_permitted is * updated. If we have become set UID root, the effective bit is set. */ static void handle_privileged_root(struct linux_binprm *bprm, bool has_fcap, bool *effective, kuid_t root_uid) { const struct cred *old = current_cred(); struct cred *new = bprm->cred; if (!root_privileged()) return; /* * If the legacy file capability is set, then don't set privs * for a setuid root binary run by a non-root user. Do set it * for a root user just to cause least surprise to an admin. */ if (has_fcap && __is_suid(root_uid, new)) { warn_setuid_and_fcaps_mixed(bprm->filename); return; } /* * To support inheritance of root-permissions and suid-root * executables under compatibility mode, we override the * capability sets for the file. */ if (__is_eff(root_uid, new) || __is_real(root_uid, new)) { /* pP' = (cap_bset & ~0) | (pI & ~0) */ new->cap_permitted = cap_combine(old->cap_bset, old->cap_inheritable); } /* * If only the real uid is 0, we do not set the effective bit. */ if (__is_eff(root_uid, new)) *effective = true; } #define __cap_gained(field, target, source) \ !cap_issubset(target->cap_##field, source->cap_##field) #define __cap_grew(target, source, cred) \ !cap_issubset(cred->cap_##target, cred->cap_##source) #define __cap_full(field, cred) \ cap_issubset(CAP_FULL_SET, cred->cap_##field) static inline bool __is_setuid(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { return !uid_eq(new->euid, old->uid); } static inline bool __is_setgid(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { return !gid_eq(new->egid, old->gid); } /* * 1) Audit candidate if current->cap_effective is set * * We do not bother to audit if 3 things are true: * 1) cap_effective has all caps * 2) we became root *OR* are were already root * 3) root is supposed to have all caps (SECURE_NOROOT) * Since this is just a normal root execing a process. * * Number 1 above might fail if you don't have a full bset, but I think * that is interesting information to audit. * * A number of other conditions require logging: * 2) something prevented setuid root getting all caps * 3) non-setuid root gets fcaps * 4) non-setuid root gets ambient */ static inline bool nonroot_raised_pE(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old, kuid_t root, bool has_fcap) { bool ret = false; if ((__cap_grew(effective, ambient, new) && !(__cap_full(effective, new) && (__is_eff(root, new) || __is_real(root, new)) && root_privileged())) || (root_privileged() && __is_suid(root, new) && !__cap_full(effective, new)) || (!__is_setuid(new, old) && ((has_fcap && __cap_gained(permitted, new, old)) || __cap_gained(ambient, new, old)))) ret = true; return ret; } /** * cap_bprm_creds_from_file - Set up the proposed credentials for execve(). * @bprm: The execution parameters, including the proposed creds * @file: The file to pull the credentials from * * Set up the proposed credentials for a new execution context being * constructed by execve(). The proposed creds in @bprm->cred is altered, * which won't take effect immediately. Returns 0 if successful, -ve on error. */ int cap_bprm_creds_from_file(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct file *file) { /* Process setpcap binaries and capabilities for uid 0 */ const struct cred *old = current_cred(); struct cred *new = bprm->cred; bool effective = false, has_fcap = false, is_setid; int ret; kuid_t root_uid; if (WARN_ON(!cap_ambient_invariant_ok(old))) return -EPERM; ret = get_file_caps(bprm, file, &effective, &has_fcap); if (ret < 0) return ret; root_uid = make_kuid(new->user_ns, 0); handle_privileged_root(bprm, has_fcap, &effective, root_uid); /* if we have fs caps, clear dangerous personality flags */ if (__cap_gained(permitted, new, old)) bprm->per_clear |= PER_CLEAR_ON_SETID; /* Don't let someone trace a set[ug]id/setpcap binary with the revised * credentials unless they have the appropriate permit. * * In addition, if NO_NEW_PRIVS, then ensure we get no new privs. */ is_setid = __is_setuid(new, old) || __is_setgid(new, old); if ((is_setid || __cap_gained(permitted, new, old)) && ((bprm->unsafe & ~LSM_UNSAFE_PTRACE) || !ptracer_capable(current, new->user_ns))) { /* downgrade; they get no more than they had, and maybe less */ if (!ns_capable(new->user_ns, CAP_SETUID) || (bprm->unsafe & LSM_UNSAFE_NO_NEW_PRIVS)) { new->euid = new->uid; new->egid = new->gid; } new->cap_permitted = cap_intersect(new->cap_permitted, old->cap_permitted); } new->suid = new->fsuid = new->euid; new->sgid = new->fsgid = new->egid; /* File caps or setid cancels ambient. */ if (has_fcap || is_setid) cap_clear(new->cap_ambient); /* * Now that we've computed pA', update pP' to give: * pP' = (X & fP) | (pI & fI) | pA' */ new->cap_permitted = cap_combine(new->cap_permitted, new->cap_ambient); /* * Set pE' = (fE ? pP' : pA'). Because pA' is zero if fE is set, * this is the same as pE' = (fE ? pP' : 0) | pA'. */ if (effective) new->cap_effective = new->cap_permitted; else new->cap_effective = new->cap_ambient; if (WARN_ON(!cap_ambient_invariant_ok(new))) return -EPERM; if (nonroot_raised_pE(new, old, root_uid, has_fcap)) { ret = audit_log_bprm_fcaps(bprm, new, old); if (ret < 0) return ret; } new->securebits &= ~issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS); if (WARN_ON(!cap_ambient_invariant_ok(new))) return -EPERM; /* Check for privilege-elevated exec. */ if (is_setid || (!__is_real(root_uid, new) && (effective || __cap_grew(permitted, ambient, new)))) bprm->secureexec = 1; return 0; } /** * cap_inode_setxattr - Determine whether an xattr may be altered * @dentry: The inode/dentry being altered * @name: The name of the xattr to be changed * @value: The value that the xattr will be changed to * @size: The size of value * @flags: The replacement flag * * Determine whether an xattr may be altered or set on an inode, returning 0 if * permission is granted, -ve if denied. * * This is used to make sure security xattrs don't get updated or set by those * who aren't privileged to do so. */ int cap_inode_setxattr(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns; /* Ignore non-security xattrs */ if (strncmp(name, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX_LEN) != 0) return 0; /* * For XATTR_NAME_CAPS the check will be done in * cap_convert_nscap(), called by setxattr() */ if (strcmp(name, XATTR_NAME_CAPS) == 0) return 0; if (!ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; return 0; } /** * cap_inode_removexattr - Determine whether an xattr may be removed * @dentry: The inode/dentry being altered * @name: The name of the xattr to be changed * * Determine whether an xattr may be removed from an inode, returning 0 if * permission is granted, -ve if denied. * * This is used to make sure security xattrs don't get removed by those who * aren't privileged to remove them. */ int cap_inode_removexattr(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns; /* Ignore non-security xattrs */ if (strncmp(name, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX_LEN) != 0) return 0; if (strcmp(name, XATTR_NAME_CAPS) == 0) { /* security.capability gets namespaced */ struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); if (!inode) return -EINVAL; if (!capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_SETFCAP)) return -EPERM; return 0; } if (!ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; return 0; } /* * cap_emulate_setxuid() fixes the effective / permitted capabilities of * a process after a call to setuid, setreuid, or setresuid. * * 1) When set*uiding _from_ one of {r,e,s}uid == 0 _to_ all of * {r,e,s}uid != 0, the permitted and effective capabilities are * cleared. * * 2) When set*uiding _from_ euid == 0 _to_ euid != 0, the effective * capabilities of the process are cleared. * * 3) When set*uiding _from_ euid != 0 _to_ euid == 0, the effective * capabilities are set to the permitted capabilities. * * fsuid is handled elsewhere. fsuid == 0 and {r,e,s}uid!= 0 should * never happen. * * -astor * * cevans - New behaviour, Oct '99 * A process may, via prctl(), elect to keep its capabilities when it * calls setuid() and switches away from uid==0. Both permitted and * effective sets will be retained. * Without this change, it was impossible for a daemon to drop only some * of its privilege. The call to setuid(!=0) would drop all privileges! * Keeping uid 0 is not an option because uid 0 owns too many vital * files.. * Thanks to Olaf Kirch and Peter Benie for spotting this. */ static inline void cap_emulate_setxuid(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { kuid_t root_uid = make_kuid(old->user_ns, 0); if ((uid_eq(old->uid, root_uid) || uid_eq(old->euid, root_uid) || uid_eq(old->suid, root_uid)) && (!uid_eq(new->uid, root_uid) && !uid_eq(new->euid, root_uid) && !uid_eq(new->suid, root_uid))) { if (!issecure(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS)) { cap_clear(new->cap_permitted); cap_clear(new->cap_effective); } /* * Pre-ambient programs expect setresuid to nonroot followed * by exec to drop capabilities. We should make sure that * this remains the case. */ cap_clear(new->cap_ambient); } if (uid_eq(old->euid, root_uid) && !uid_eq(new->euid, root_uid)) cap_clear(new->cap_effective); if (!uid_eq(old->euid, root_uid) && uid_eq(new->euid, root_uid)) new->cap_effective = new->cap_permitted; } /** * cap_task_fix_setuid - Fix up the results of setuid() call * @new: The proposed credentials * @old: The current task's current credentials * @flags: Indications of what has changed * * Fix up the results of setuid() call before the credential changes are * actually applied, returning 0 to grant the changes, -ve to deny them. */ int cap_task_fix_setuid(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old, int flags) { switch (flags) { case LSM_SETID_RE: case LSM_SETID_ID: case LSM_SETID_RES: /* juggle the capabilities to follow [RES]UID changes unless * otherwise suppressed */ if (!issecure(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP)) cap_emulate_setxuid(new, old); break; case LSM_SETID_FS: /* juggle the capabilties to follow FSUID changes, unless * otherwise suppressed * * FIXME - is fsuser used for all CAP_FS_MASK capabilities? * if not, we might be a bit too harsh here. */ if (!issecure(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP)) { kuid_t root_uid = make_kuid(old->user_ns, 0); if (uid_eq(old->fsuid, root_uid) && !uid_eq(new->fsuid, root_uid)) new->cap_effective = cap_drop_fs_set(new->cap_effective); if (!uid_eq(old->fsuid, root_uid) && uid_eq(new->fsuid, root_uid)) new->cap_effective = cap_raise_fs_set(new->cap_effective, new->cap_permitted); } break; default: return -EINVAL; } return 0; } /* * Rationale: code calling task_setscheduler, task_setioprio, and * task_setnice, assumes that * . if capable(cap_sys_nice), then those actions should be allowed * . if not capable(cap_sys_nice), but acting on your own processes, * then those actions should be allowed * This is insufficient now since you can call code without suid, but * yet with increased caps. * So we check for increased caps on the target process. */ static int cap_safe_nice(struct task_struct *p) { int is_subset, ret = 0; rcu_read_lock(); is_subset = cap_issubset(__task_cred(p)->cap_permitted, current_cred()->cap_permitted); if (!is_subset && !ns_capable(__task_cred(p)->user_ns, CAP_SYS_NICE)) ret = -EPERM; rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * cap_task_setscheduler - Detemine if scheduler policy change is permitted * @p: The task to affect * * Detemine if the requested scheduler policy change is permitted for the * specified task, returning 0 if permission is granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_task_setscheduler(struct task_struct *p) { return cap_safe_nice(p); } /** * cap_task_ioprio - Detemine if I/O priority change is permitted * @p: The task to affect * @ioprio: The I/O priority to set * * Detemine if the requested I/O priority change is permitted for the specified * task, returning 0 if permission is granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_task_setioprio(struct task_struct *p, int ioprio) { return cap_safe_nice(p); } /** * cap_task_ioprio - Detemine if task priority change is permitted * @p: The task to affect * @nice: The nice value to set * * Detemine if the requested task priority change is permitted for the * specified task, returning 0 if permission is granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_task_setnice(struct task_struct *p, int nice) { return cap_safe_nice(p); } /* * Implement PR_CAPBSET_DROP. Attempt to remove the specified capability from * the current task's bounding set. Returns 0 on success, -ve on error. */ static int cap_prctl_drop(unsigned long cap) { struct cred *new; if (!ns_capable(current_user_ns(), CAP_SETPCAP)) return -EPERM; if (!cap_valid(cap)) return -EINVAL; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; cap_lower(new->cap_bset, cap); return commit_creds(new); } /** * cap_task_prctl - Implement process control functions for this security module * @option: The process control function requested * @arg2, @arg3, @arg4, @arg5: The argument data for this function * * Allow process control functions (sys_prctl()) to alter capabilities; may * also deny access to other functions not otherwise implemented here. * * Returns 0 or +ve on success, -ENOSYS if this function is not implemented * here, other -ve on error. If -ENOSYS is returned, sys_prctl() and other LSM * modules will consider performing the function. */ int cap_task_prctl(int option, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3, unsigned long arg4, unsigned long arg5) { const struct cred *old = current_cred(); struct cred *new; switch (option) { case PR_CAPBSET_READ: if (!cap_valid(arg2)) return -EINVAL; return !!cap_raised(old->cap_bset, arg2); case PR_CAPBSET_DROP: return cap_prctl_drop(arg2); /* * The next four prctl's remain to assist with transitioning a * system from legacy UID=0 based privilege (when filesystem * capabilities are not in use) to a system using filesystem * capabilities only - as the POSIX.1e draft intended. * * Note: * * PR_SET_SECUREBITS = * issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS_LOCKED) * | issecure_mask(SECURE_NOROOT) * | issecure_mask(SECURE_NOROOT_LOCKED) * | issecure_mask(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP) * | issecure_mask(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP_LOCKED) * * will ensure that the current process and all of its * children will be locked into a pure * capability-based-privilege environment. */ case PR_SET_SECUREBITS: if ((((old->securebits & SECURE_ALL_LOCKS) >> 1) & (old->securebits ^ arg2)) /*[1]*/ || ((old->securebits & SECURE_ALL_LOCKS & ~arg2)) /*[2]*/ || (arg2 & ~(SECURE_ALL_LOCKS | SECURE_ALL_BITS)) /*[3]*/ || (cap_capable(current_cred(), current_cred()->user_ns, CAP_SETPCAP, CAP_OPT_NONE) != 0) /*[4]*/ /* * [1] no changing of bits that are locked * [2] no unlocking of locks * [3] no setting of unsupported bits * [4] doing anything requires privilege (go read about * the "sendmail capabilities bug") */ ) /* cannot change a locked bit */ return -EPERM; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; new->securebits = arg2; return commit_creds(new); case PR_GET_SECUREBITS: return old->securebits; case PR_GET_KEEPCAPS: return !!issecure(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS); case PR_SET_KEEPCAPS: if (arg2 > 1) /* Note, we rely on arg2 being unsigned here */ return -EINVAL; if (issecure(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS_LOCKED)) return -EPERM; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; if (arg2) new->securebits |= issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS); else new->securebits &= ~issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS); return commit_creds(new); case PR_CAP_AMBIENT: if (arg2 == PR_CAP_AMBIENT_CLEAR_ALL) { if (arg3 | arg4 | arg5) return -EINVAL; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; cap_clear(new->cap_ambient); return commit_creds(new); } if (((!cap_valid(arg3)) | arg4 | arg5)) return -EINVAL; if (arg2 == PR_CAP_AMBIENT_IS_SET) { return !!cap_raised(current_cred()->cap_ambient, arg3); } else if (arg2 != PR_CAP_AMBIENT_RAISE && arg2 != PR_CAP_AMBIENT_LOWER) { return -EINVAL; } else { if (arg2 == PR_CAP_AMBIENT_RAISE && (!cap_raised(current_cred()->cap_permitted, arg3) || !cap_raised(current_cred()->cap_inheritable, arg3) || issecure(SECURE_NO_CAP_AMBIENT_RAISE))) return -EPERM; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; if (arg2 == PR_CAP_AMBIENT_RAISE) cap_raise(new->cap_ambient, arg3); else cap_lower(new->cap_ambient, arg3); return commit_creds(new); } default: /* No functionality available - continue with default */ return -ENOSYS; } } /** * cap_vm_enough_memory - Determine whether a new virtual mapping is permitted * @mm: The VM space in which the new mapping is to be made * @pages: The size of the mapping * * Determine whether the allocation of a new virtual mapping by the current * task is permitted, returning 1 if permission is granted, 0 if not. */ int cap_vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages) { int cap_sys_admin = 0; if (cap_capable(current_cred(), &init_user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN, CAP_OPT_NOAUDIT) == 0) cap_sys_admin = 1; return cap_sys_admin; } /* * cap_mmap_addr - check if able to map given addr * @addr: address attempting to be mapped * * If the process is attempting to map memory below dac_mmap_min_addr they need * CAP_SYS_RAWIO. The other parameters to this function are unused by the * capability security module. Returns 0 if this mapping should be allowed * -EPERM if not. */ int cap_mmap_addr(unsigned long addr) { int ret = 0; if (addr < dac_mmap_min_addr) { ret = cap_capable(current_cred(), &init_user_ns, CAP_SYS_RAWIO, CAP_OPT_NONE); /* set PF_SUPERPRIV if it turns out we allow the low mmap */ if (ret == 0) current->flags |= PF_SUPERPRIV; } return ret; } int cap_mmap_file(struct file *file, unsigned long reqprot, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags) { return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY static struct security_hook_list capability_hooks[] __lsm_ro_after_init = { LSM_HOOK_INIT(capable, cap_capable), LSM_HOOK_INIT(settime, cap_settime), LSM_HOOK_INIT(ptrace_access_check, cap_ptrace_access_check), LSM_HOOK_INIT(ptrace_traceme, cap_ptrace_traceme), LSM_HOOK_INIT(capget, cap_capget), LSM_HOOK_INIT(capset, cap_capset), LSM_HOOK_INIT(bprm_creds_from_file, cap_bprm_creds_from_file), LSM_HOOK_INIT(inode_need_killpriv, cap_inode_need_killpriv), LSM_HOOK_INIT(inode_killpriv, cap_inode_killpriv), LSM_HOOK_INIT(inode_getsecurity, cap_inode_getsecurity), LSM_HOOK_INIT(mmap_addr, cap_mmap_addr), LSM_HOOK_INIT(mmap_file, cap_mmap_file), LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_fix_setuid, cap_task_fix_setuid), LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_prctl, cap_task_prctl), LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_setscheduler, cap_task_setscheduler), LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_setioprio, cap_task_setioprio), LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_setnice, cap_task_setnice), LSM_HOOK_INIT(vm_enough_memory, cap_vm_enough_memory), }; static int __init capability_init(void) { security_add_hooks(capability_hooks, ARRAY_SIZE(capability_hooks), "capability"); return 0; } DEFINE_LSM(capability) = { .name = "capability", .order = LSM_ORDER_FIRST, .init = capability_init, }; #endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright 2002-2005, Instant802 Networks, Inc. * Copyright 2005, Devicescape Software, Inc. * Copyright (c) 2006 Jiri Benc <jbenc@suse.cz> */ #ifndef IEEE80211_RATE_H #define IEEE80211_RATE_H #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <net/mac80211.h> #include "ieee80211_i.h" #include "sta_info.h" #include "driver-ops.h" struct rate_control_ref { const struct rate_control_ops *ops; void *priv; }; void rate_control_get_rate(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata, struct sta_info *sta, struct ieee80211_tx_rate_control *txrc); void rate_control_tx_status(struct ieee80211_local *local, struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband, struct ieee80211_tx_status *st); void rate_control_rate_init(struct sta_info *sta); void rate_control_rate_update(struct ieee80211_local *local, struct ieee80211_supported_band *sband, struct sta_info *sta, u32 changed); static inline void *rate_control_alloc_sta(struct rate_control_ref *ref, struct sta_info *sta, gfp_t gfp) { spin_lock_init(&sta->rate_ctrl_lock); return ref->ops->alloc_sta(ref->priv, &sta->sta, gfp); } static inline void rate_control_free_sta(struct sta_info *sta) { struct rate_control_ref *ref = sta->rate_ctrl; struct ieee80211_sta *ista = &sta->sta; void *priv_sta = sta->rate_ctrl_priv; ref->ops->free_sta(ref->priv, ista, priv_sta); } static inline void rate_control_add_sta_debugfs(struct sta_info *sta) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_DEBUGFS struct rate_control_ref *ref = sta->rate_ctrl; if (ref && sta->debugfs_dir && ref->ops->add_sta_debugfs) ref->ops->add_sta_debugfs(ref->priv, sta->rate_ctrl_priv, sta->debugfs_dir); #endif } extern const struct file_operations rcname_ops; static inline void rate_control_add_debugfs(struct ieee80211_local *local) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_DEBUGFS struct dentry *debugfsdir; if (!local->rate_ctrl) return; if (!local->rate_ctrl->ops->add_debugfs) return; debugfsdir = debugfs_create_dir("rc", local->hw.wiphy->debugfsdir); local->debugfs.rcdir = debugfsdir; debugfs_create_file("name", 0400, debugfsdir, local->rate_ctrl, &rcname_ops); local->rate_ctrl->ops->add_debugfs(&local->hw, local->rate_ctrl->priv, debugfsdir); #endif } void ieee80211_check_rate_mask(struct ieee80211_sub_if_data *sdata); /* Get a reference to the rate control algorithm. If `name' is NULL, get the * first available algorithm. */ int ieee80211_init_rate_ctrl_alg(struct ieee80211_local *local, const char *name); void rate_control_deinitialize(struct ieee80211_local *local); /* Rate control algorithms */ #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_RC_MINSTREL int rc80211_minstrel_init(void); void rc80211_minstrel_exit(void); #else static inline int rc80211_minstrel_init(void) { return 0; } static inline void rc80211_minstrel_exit(void) { } #endif #endif /* IEEE80211_RATE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * pm_runtime.h - Device run-time power management helper functions. * * Copyright (C) 2009 Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> */ #ifndef _LINUX_PM_RUNTIME_H #define _LINUX_PM_RUNTIME_H #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/pm.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> /* Runtime PM flag argument bits */ #define RPM_ASYNC 0x01 /* Request is asynchronous */ #define RPM_NOWAIT 0x02 /* Don't wait for concurrent state change */ #define RPM_GET_PUT 0x04 /* Increment/decrement the usage_count */ #define RPM_AUTO 0x08 /* Use autosuspend_delay */ #ifdef CONFIG_PM extern struct workqueue_struct *pm_wq; static inline bool queue_pm_work(struct work_struct *work) { return queue_work(pm_wq, work); } extern int pm_generic_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev); extern int pm_generic_runtime_resume(struct device *dev); extern int pm_runtime_force_suspend(struct device *dev); extern int pm_runtime_force_resume(struct device *dev); extern int __pm_runtime_idle(struct device *dev, int rpmflags); extern int __pm_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev, int rpmflags); extern int __pm_runtime_resume(struct device *dev, int rpmflags); extern int pm_runtime_get_if_active(struct device *dev, bool ign_usage_count); extern int pm_schedule_suspend(struct device *dev, unsigned int delay); extern int __pm_runtime_set_status(struct device *dev, unsigned int status); extern int pm_runtime_barrier(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_enable(struct device *dev); extern void __pm_runtime_disable(struct device *dev, bool check_resume); extern void pm_runtime_allow(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_forbid(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_no_callbacks(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_irq_safe(struct device *dev); extern void __pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(struct device *dev, bool use); extern void pm_runtime_set_autosuspend_delay(struct device *dev, int delay); extern u64 pm_runtime_autosuspend_expiration(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_update_max_time_suspended(struct device *dev, s64 delta_ns); extern void pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio(struct device *dev, bool enable); extern void pm_runtime_get_suppliers(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_put_suppliers(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_new_link(struct device *dev); extern void pm_runtime_drop_link(struct device_link *link); /** * pm_runtime_get_if_in_use - Conditionally bump up runtime PM usage counter. * @dev: Target device. * * Increment the runtime PM usage counter of @dev if its runtime PM status is * %RPM_ACTIVE and its runtime PM usage counter is greater than 0. */ static inline int pm_runtime_get_if_in_use(struct device *dev) { return pm_runtime_get_if_active(dev, false); } /** * pm_suspend_ignore_children - Set runtime PM behavior regarding children. * @dev: Target device. * @enable: Whether or not to ignore possible dependencies on children. * * The dependencies of @dev on its children will not be taken into account by * the runtime PM framework going forward if @enable is %true, or they will * be taken into account otherwise. */ static inline void pm_suspend_ignore_children(struct device *dev, bool enable) { dev->power.ignore_children = enable; } /** * pm_runtime_get_noresume - Bump up runtime PM usage counter of a device. * @dev: Target device. */ static inline void pm_runtime_get_noresume(struct device *dev) { atomic_inc(&dev->power.usage_count); } /** * pm_runtime_put_noidle - Drop runtime PM usage counter of a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev unless it is 0 already. */ static inline void pm_runtime_put_noidle(struct device *dev) { atomic_add_unless(&dev->power.usage_count, -1, 0); } /** * pm_runtime_suspended - Check whether or not a device is runtime-suspended. * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if runtime PM is enabled for @dev and its runtime PM status is * %RPM_SUSPENDED, or %false otherwise. * * Note that the return value of this function can only be trusted if it is * called under the runtime PM lock of @dev or under conditions in which * runtime PM cannot be either disabled or enabled for @dev and its runtime PM * status cannot change. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_suspended(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_SUSPENDED && !dev->power.disable_depth; } /** * pm_runtime_active - Check whether or not a device is runtime-active. * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if runtime PM is disabled for @dev or its runtime PM status is * %RPM_ACTIVE, or %false otherwise. * * Note that the return value of this function can only be trusted if it is * called under the runtime PM lock of @dev or under conditions in which * runtime PM cannot be either disabled or enabled for @dev and its runtime PM * status cannot change. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_active(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_ACTIVE || dev->power.disable_depth; } /** * pm_runtime_status_suspended - Check if runtime PM status is "suspended". * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if the runtime PM status of @dev is %RPM_SUSPENDED, or %false * otherwise, regardless of whether or not runtime PM has been enabled for @dev. * * Note that the return value of this function can only be trusted if it is * called under the runtime PM lock of @dev or under conditions in which the * runtime PM status of @dev cannot change. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_status_suspended(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_SUSPENDED; } /** * pm_runtime_enabled - Check if runtime PM is enabled. * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if runtime PM is enabled for @dev or %false otherwise. * * Note that the return value of this function can only be trusted if it is * called under the runtime PM lock of @dev or under conditions in which * runtime PM cannot be either disabled or enabled for @dev. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_enabled(struct device *dev) { return !dev->power.disable_depth; } /** * pm_runtime_has_no_callbacks - Check if runtime PM callbacks may be present. * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if @dev is a special device without runtime PM callbacks or * %false otherwise. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_has_no_callbacks(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.no_callbacks; } /** * pm_runtime_mark_last_busy - Update the last access time of a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Update the last access time of @dev used by the runtime PM autosuspend * mechanism to the current time as returned by ktime_get_mono_fast_ns(). */ static inline void pm_runtime_mark_last_busy(struct device *dev) { WRITE_ONCE(dev->power.last_busy, ktime_get_mono_fast_ns()); } /** * pm_runtime_is_irq_safe - Check if runtime PM can work in interrupt context. * @dev: Target device. * * Return %true if @dev has been marked as an "IRQ-safe" device (with respect * to runtime PM), in which case its runtime PM callabcks can be expected to * work correctly when invoked from interrupt handlers. */ static inline bool pm_runtime_is_irq_safe(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.irq_safe; } extern u64 pm_runtime_suspended_time(struct device *dev); #else /* !CONFIG_PM */ static inline bool queue_pm_work(struct work_struct *work) { return false; } static inline int pm_generic_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pm_generic_runtime_resume(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pm_runtime_force_suspend(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline int pm_runtime_force_resume(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline int __pm_runtime_idle(struct device *dev, int rpmflags) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int __pm_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev, int rpmflags) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int __pm_runtime_resume(struct device *dev, int rpmflags) { return 1; } static inline int pm_schedule_suspend(struct device *dev, unsigned int delay) { return -ENOSYS; } static inline int pm_runtime_get_if_in_use(struct device *dev) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int pm_runtime_get_if_active(struct device *dev, bool ign_usage_count) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int __pm_runtime_set_status(struct device *dev, unsigned int status) { return 0; } static inline int pm_runtime_barrier(struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline void pm_runtime_enable(struct device *dev) {} static inline void __pm_runtime_disable(struct device *dev, bool c) {} static inline void pm_runtime_allow(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_forbid(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_suspend_ignore_children(struct device *dev, bool enable) {} static inline void pm_runtime_get_noresume(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_put_noidle(struct device *dev) {} static inline bool pm_runtime_suspended(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline bool pm_runtime_active(struct device *dev) { return true; } static inline bool pm_runtime_status_suspended(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline bool pm_runtime_enabled(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline void pm_runtime_no_callbacks(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_irq_safe(struct device *dev) {} static inline bool pm_runtime_is_irq_safe(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline bool pm_runtime_has_no_callbacks(struct device *dev) { return false; } static inline void pm_runtime_mark_last_busy(struct device *dev) {} static inline void __pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(struct device *dev, bool use) {} static inline void pm_runtime_set_autosuspend_delay(struct device *dev, int delay) {} static inline u64 pm_runtime_autosuspend_expiration( struct device *dev) { return 0; } static inline void pm_runtime_set_memalloc_noio(struct device *dev, bool enable){} static inline void pm_runtime_get_suppliers(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_put_suppliers(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_new_link(struct device *dev) {} static inline void pm_runtime_drop_link(struct device_link *link) {} #endif /* !CONFIG_PM */ /** * pm_runtime_idle - Conditionally set up autosuspend of a device or suspend it. * @dev: Target device. * * Invoke the "idle check" callback of @dev and, depending on its return value, * set up autosuspend of @dev or suspend it (depending on whether or not * autosuspend has been enabled for it). */ static inline int pm_runtime_idle(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_idle(dev, 0); } /** * pm_runtime_suspend - Suspend a device synchronously. * @dev: Target device. */ static inline int pm_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, 0); } /** * pm_runtime_autosuspend - Set up autosuspend of a device or suspend it. * @dev: Target device. * * Set up autosuspend of @dev or suspend it (depending on whether or not * autosuspend is enabled for it) without engaging its "idle check" callback. */ static inline int pm_runtime_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_AUTO); } /** * pm_runtime_resume - Resume a device synchronously. * @dev: Target device. */ static inline int pm_runtime_resume(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_resume(dev, 0); } /** * pm_request_idle - Queue up "idle check" execution for a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Queue up a work item to run an equivalent of pm_runtime_idle() for @dev * asynchronously. */ static inline int pm_request_idle(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_idle(dev, RPM_ASYNC); } /** * pm_request_resume - Queue up runtime-resume of a device. * @dev: Target device. */ static inline int pm_request_resume(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_resume(dev, RPM_ASYNC); } /** * pm_request_autosuspend - Queue up autosuspend of a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Queue up a work item to run an equivalent pm_runtime_autosuspend() for @dev * asynchronously. */ static inline int pm_request_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_ASYNC | RPM_AUTO); } /** * pm_runtime_get - Bump up usage counter and queue up resume of a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Bump up the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and queue up a work item to * carry out runtime-resume of it. */ static inline int pm_runtime_get(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_resume(dev, RPM_GET_PUT | RPM_ASYNC); } /** * pm_runtime_get_sync - Bump up usage counter of a device and resume it. * @dev: Target device. * * Bump up the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and carry out runtime-resume of * it synchronously. * * The possible return values of this function are the same as for * pm_runtime_resume() and the runtime PM usage counter of @dev remains * incremented in all cases, even if it returns an error code. */ static inline int pm_runtime_get_sync(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_resume(dev, RPM_GET_PUT); } /** * pm_runtime_resume_and_get - Bump up usage counter of a device and resume it. * @dev: Target device. * * Resume @dev synchronously and if that is successful, increment its runtime * PM usage counter. Return 0 if the runtime PM usage counter of @dev has been * incremented or a negative error code otherwise. */ static inline int pm_runtime_resume_and_get(struct device *dev) { int ret; ret = __pm_runtime_resume(dev, RPM_GET_PUT); if (ret < 0) { pm_runtime_put_noidle(dev); return ret; } return 0; } /** * pm_runtime_put - Drop device usage counter and queue up "idle check" if 0. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and if it turns out to be * equal to 0, queue up a work item for @dev like in pm_request_idle(). */ static inline int pm_runtime_put(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_idle(dev, RPM_GET_PUT | RPM_ASYNC); } /** * pm_runtime_put_autosuspend - Drop device usage counter and queue autosuspend if 0. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and if it turns out to be * equal to 0, queue up a work item for @dev like in pm_request_autosuspend(). */ static inline int pm_runtime_put_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_GET_PUT | RPM_ASYNC | RPM_AUTO); } /** * pm_runtime_put_sync - Drop device usage counter and run "idle check" if 0. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and if it turns out to be * equal to 0, invoke the "idle check" callback of @dev and, depending on its * return value, set up autosuspend of @dev or suspend it (depending on whether * or not autosuspend has been enabled for it). * * The possible return values of this function are the same as for * pm_runtime_idle() and the runtime PM usage counter of @dev remains * decremented in all cases, even if it returns an error code. */ static inline int pm_runtime_put_sync(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_idle(dev, RPM_GET_PUT); } /** * pm_runtime_put_sync_suspend - Drop device usage counter and suspend if 0. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and if it turns out to be * equal to 0, carry out runtime-suspend of @dev synchronously. * * The possible return values of this function are the same as for * pm_runtime_suspend() and the runtime PM usage counter of @dev remains * decremented in all cases, even if it returns an error code. */ static inline int pm_runtime_put_sync_suspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_GET_PUT); } /** * pm_runtime_put_sync_autosuspend - Drop device usage counter and autosuspend if 0. * @dev: Target device. * * Decrement the runtime PM usage counter of @dev and if it turns out to be * equal to 0, set up autosuspend of @dev or suspend it synchronously (depending * on whether or not autosuspend has been enabled for it). * * The possible return values of this function are the same as for * pm_runtime_autosuspend() and the runtime PM usage counter of @dev remains * decremented in all cases, even if it returns an error code. */ static inline int pm_runtime_put_sync_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_suspend(dev, RPM_GET_PUT | RPM_AUTO); } /** * pm_runtime_set_active - Set runtime PM status to "active". * @dev: Target device. * * Set the runtime PM status of @dev to %RPM_ACTIVE and ensure that dependencies * of it will be taken into account. * * It is not valid to call this function for devices with runtime PM enabled. */ static inline int pm_runtime_set_active(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_set_status(dev, RPM_ACTIVE); } /** * pm_runtime_set_suspended - Set runtime PM status to "suspended". * @dev: Target device. * * Set the runtime PM status of @dev to %RPM_SUSPENDED and ensure that * dependencies of it will be taken into account. * * It is not valid to call this function for devices with runtime PM enabled. */ static inline int pm_runtime_set_suspended(struct device *dev) { return __pm_runtime_set_status(dev, RPM_SUSPENDED); } /** * pm_runtime_disable - Disable runtime PM for a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Prevent the runtime PM framework from working with @dev (by incrementing its * "blocking" counter). * * For each invocation of this function for @dev there must be a matching * pm_runtime_enable() call in order for runtime PM to be enabled for it. */ static inline void pm_runtime_disable(struct device *dev) { __pm_runtime_disable(dev, true); } /** * pm_runtime_use_autosuspend - Allow autosuspend to be used for a device. * @dev: Target device. * * Allow the runtime PM autosuspend mechanism to be used for @dev whenever * requested (or "autosuspend" will be handled as direct runtime-suspend for * it). */ static inline void pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { __pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(dev, true); } /** * pm_runtime_dont_use_autosuspend - Prevent autosuspend from being used. * @dev: Target device. * * Prevent the runtime PM autosuspend mechanism from being used for @dev which * means that "autosuspend" will be handled as direct runtime-suspend for it * going forward. */ static inline void pm_runtime_dont_use_autosuspend(struct device *dev) { __pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(dev, false); } #endif
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1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 1659 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715 1716 1717 1718 1719 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 1729 1730 1731 1732 1733 1734 1735 1736 1737 1738 1739 1740 1741 1742 1743 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 1749 1750 1751 1752 1753 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * linux/include/linux/jbd2.h * * Written by Stephen C. Tweedie <sct@redhat.com> * * Copyright 1998-2000 Red Hat, Inc --- All Rights Reserved * * Definitions for transaction data structures for the buffer cache * filesystem journaling support. */ #ifndef _LINUX_JBD2_H #define _LINUX_JBD2_H /* Allow this file to be included directly into e2fsprogs */ #ifndef __KERNEL__ #include "jfs_compat.h" #define JBD2_DEBUG #else #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/journal-head.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <crypto/hash.h> #endif #define journal_oom_retry 1 /* * Define JBD2_PARANIOD_IOFAIL to cause a kernel BUG() if ext4 finds * certain classes of error which can occur due to failed IOs. Under * normal use we want ext4 to continue after such errors, because * hardware _can_ fail, but for debugging purposes when running tests on * known-good hardware we may want to trap these errors. */ #undef JBD2_PARANOID_IOFAIL /* * The default maximum commit age, in seconds. */ #define JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE 5 #ifdef CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG /* * Define JBD2_EXPENSIVE_CHECKING to enable more expensive internal * consistency checks. By default we don't do this unless * CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG is on. */ #define JBD2_EXPENSIVE_CHECKING extern ushort jbd2_journal_enable_debug; void __jbd2_debug(int level, const char *file, const char *func, unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...); #define jbd_debug(n, fmt, a...) \ __jbd2_debug((n), __FILE__, __func__, __LINE__, (fmt), ##a) #else #define jbd_debug(n, fmt, a...) /**/ #endif extern void *jbd2_alloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags); extern void jbd2_free(void *ptr, size_t size); #define JBD2_MIN_JOURNAL_BLOCKS 1024 #define JBD2_MIN_FC_BLOCKS 256 #ifdef __KERNEL__ /** * typedef handle_t - The handle_t type represents a single atomic update being performed by some process. * * All filesystem modifications made by the process go * through this handle. Recursive operations (such as quota operations) * are gathered into a single update. * * The buffer credits field is used to account for journaled buffers * being modified by the running process. To ensure that there is * enough log space for all outstanding operations, we need to limit the * number of outstanding buffers possible at any time. When the * operation completes, any buffer credits not used are credited back to * the transaction, so that at all times we know how many buffers the * outstanding updates on a transaction might possibly touch. * * This is an opaque datatype. **/ typedef struct jbd2_journal_handle handle_t; /* Atomic operation type */ /** * typedef journal_t - The journal_t maintains all of the journaling state information for a single filesystem. * * journal_t is linked to from the fs superblock structure. * * We use the journal_t to keep track of all outstanding transaction * activity on the filesystem, and to manage the state of the log * writing process. * * This is an opaque datatype. **/ typedef struct journal_s journal_t; /* Journal control structure */ #endif /* * Internal structures used by the logging mechanism: */ #define JBD2_MAGIC_NUMBER 0xc03b3998U /* The first 4 bytes of /dev/random! */ /* * On-disk structures */ /* * Descriptor block types: */ #define JBD2_DESCRIPTOR_BLOCK 1 #define JBD2_COMMIT_BLOCK 2 #define JBD2_SUPERBLOCK_V1 3 #define JBD2_SUPERBLOCK_V2 4 #define JBD2_REVOKE_BLOCK 5 /* * Standard header for all descriptor blocks: */ typedef struct journal_header_s { __be32 h_magic; __be32 h_blocktype; __be32 h_sequence; } journal_header_t; /* * Checksum types. */ #define JBD2_CRC32_CHKSUM 1 #define JBD2_MD5_CHKSUM 2 #define JBD2_SHA1_CHKSUM 3 #define JBD2_CRC32C_CHKSUM 4 #define JBD2_CRC32_CHKSUM_SIZE 4 #define JBD2_CHECKSUM_BYTES (32 / sizeof(u32)) /* * Commit block header for storing transactional checksums: * * NOTE: If FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM (checksum v1) is set, the h_chksum* * fields are used to store a checksum of the descriptor and data blocks. * * If FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 (checksum v2) is set, then the h_chksum * field is used to store crc32c(uuid+commit_block). Each journal metadata * block gets its own checksum, and data block checksums are stored in * journal_block_tag (in the descriptor). The other h_chksum* fields are * not used. * * If FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 is set, the descriptor block uses * journal_block_tag3_t to store a full 32-bit checksum. Everything else * is the same as v2. * * Checksum v1, v2, and v3 are mutually exclusive features. */ struct commit_header { __be32 h_magic; __be32 h_blocktype; __be32 h_sequence; unsigned char h_chksum_type; unsigned char h_chksum_size; unsigned char h_padding[2]; __be32 h_chksum[JBD2_CHECKSUM_BYTES]; __be64 h_commit_sec; __be32 h_commit_nsec; }; /* * The block tag: used to describe a single buffer in the journal. * t_blocknr_high is only used if INCOMPAT_64BIT is set, so this * raw struct shouldn't be used for pointer math or sizeof() - use * journal_tag_bytes(journal) instead to compute this. */ typedef struct journal_block_tag3_s { __be32 t_blocknr; /* The on-disk block number */ __be32 t_flags; /* See below */ __be32 t_blocknr_high; /* most-significant high 32bits. */ __be32 t_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+seq+block) */ } journal_block_tag3_t; typedef struct journal_block_tag_s { __be32 t_blocknr; /* The on-disk block number */ __be16 t_checksum; /* truncated crc32c(uuid+seq+block) */ __be16 t_flags; /* See below */ __be32 t_blocknr_high; /* most-significant high 32bits. */ } journal_block_tag_t; /* Tail of descriptor or revoke block, for checksumming */ struct jbd2_journal_block_tail { __be32 t_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+descr_block) */ }; /* * The revoke descriptor: used on disk to describe a series of blocks to * be revoked from the log */ typedef struct jbd2_journal_revoke_header_s { journal_header_t r_header; __be32 r_count; /* Count of bytes used in the block */ } jbd2_journal_revoke_header_t; /* Definitions for the journal tag flags word: */ #define JBD2_FLAG_ESCAPE 1 /* on-disk block is escaped */ #define JBD2_FLAG_SAME_UUID 2 /* block has same uuid as previous */ #define JBD2_FLAG_DELETED 4 /* block deleted by this transaction */ #define JBD2_FLAG_LAST_TAG 8 /* last tag in this descriptor block */ /* * The journal superblock. All fields are in big-endian byte order. */ typedef struct journal_superblock_s { /* 0x0000 */ journal_header_t s_header; /* 0x000C */ /* Static information describing the journal */ __be32 s_blocksize; /* journal device blocksize */ __be32 s_maxlen; /* total blocks in journal file */ __be32 s_first; /* first block of log information */ /* 0x0018 */ /* Dynamic information describing the current state of the log */ __be32 s_sequence; /* first commit ID expected in log */ __be32 s_start; /* blocknr of start of log */ /* 0x0020 */ /* Error value, as set by jbd2_journal_abort(). */ __be32 s_errno; /* 0x0024 */ /* Remaining fields are only valid in a version-2 superblock */ __be32 s_feature_compat; /* compatible feature set */ __be32 s_feature_incompat; /* incompatible feature set */ __be32 s_feature_ro_compat; /* readonly-compatible feature set */ /* 0x0030 */ __u8 s_uuid[16]; /* 128-bit uuid for journal */ /* 0x0040 */ __be32 s_nr_users; /* Nr of filesystems sharing log */ __be32 s_dynsuper; /* Blocknr of dynamic superblock copy*/ /* 0x0048 */ __be32 s_max_transaction; /* Limit of journal blocks per trans.*/ __be32 s_max_trans_data; /* Limit of data blocks per trans. */ /* 0x0050 */ __u8 s_checksum_type; /* checksum type */ __u8 s_padding2[3]; /* 0x0054 */ __be32 s_num_fc_blks; /* Number of fast commit blocks */ /* 0x0058 */ __u32 s_padding[41]; __be32 s_checksum; /* crc32c(superblock) */ /* 0x0100 */ __u8 s_users[16*48]; /* ids of all fs'es sharing the log */ /* 0x0400 */ } journal_superblock_t; /* Use the jbd2_{has,set,clear}_feature_* helpers; these will be removed */ #define JBD2_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM 0x00000001 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE 0x00000001 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT 0x00000002 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT 0x00000004 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 0x00000008 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 0x00000010 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FAST_COMMIT 0x00000020 /* See "journal feature predicate functions" below */ /* Features known to this kernel version: */ #define JBD2_KNOWN_COMPAT_FEATURES JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM #define JBD2_KNOWN_ROCOMPAT_FEATURES 0 #define JBD2_KNOWN_INCOMPAT_FEATURES (JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FAST_COMMIT) #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/sched.h> enum jbd_state_bits { BH_JBD /* Has an attached ext3 journal_head */ = BH_PrivateStart, BH_JWrite, /* Being written to log (@@@ DEBUGGING) */ BH_Freed, /* Has been freed (truncated) */ BH_Revoked, /* Has been revoked from the log */ BH_RevokeValid, /* Revoked flag is valid */ BH_JBDDirty, /* Is dirty but journaled */ BH_JournalHead, /* Pins bh->b_private and jh->b_bh */ BH_Shadow, /* IO on shadow buffer is running */ BH_Verified, /* Metadata block has been verified ok */ BH_JBDPrivateStart, /* First bit available for private use by FS */ }; BUFFER_FNS(JBD, jbd) BUFFER_FNS(JWrite, jwrite) BUFFER_FNS(JBDDirty, jbddirty) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(JBDDirty, jbddirty) BUFFER_FNS(Revoked, revoked) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(Revoked, revoked) BUFFER_FNS(RevokeValid, revokevalid) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(RevokeValid, revokevalid) BUFFER_FNS(Freed, freed) BUFFER_FNS(Shadow, shadow) BUFFER_FNS(Verified, verified) static inline struct buffer_head *jh2bh(struct journal_head *jh) { return jh->b_bh; } static inline struct journal_head *bh2jh(struct buffer_head *bh) { return bh->b_private; } static inline void jbd_lock_bh_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh) { bit_spin_lock(BH_JournalHead, &bh->b_state); } static inline void jbd_unlock_bh_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh) { bit_spin_unlock(BH_JournalHead, &bh->b_state); } #define J_ASSERT(assert) BUG_ON(!(assert)) #define J_ASSERT_BH(bh, expr) J_ASSERT(expr) #define J_ASSERT_JH(jh, expr) J_ASSERT(expr) #if defined(JBD2_PARANOID_IOFAIL) #define J_EXPECT(expr, why...) J_ASSERT(expr) #define J_EXPECT_BH(bh, expr, why...) J_ASSERT_BH(bh, expr) #define J_EXPECT_JH(jh, expr, why...) J_ASSERT_JH(jh, expr) #else #define __journal_expect(expr, why...) \ ({ \ int val = (expr); \ if (!val) { \ printk(KERN_ERR \ "JBD2 unexpected failure: %s: %s;\n", \ __func__, #expr); \ printk(KERN_ERR why "\n"); \ } \ val; \ }) #define J_EXPECT(expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #define J_EXPECT_BH(bh, expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #define J_EXPECT_JH(jh, expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #endif /* Flags in jbd_inode->i_flags */ #define __JI_COMMIT_RUNNING 0 #define __JI_WRITE_DATA 1 #define __JI_WAIT_DATA 2 /* * Commit of the inode data in progress. We use this flag to protect us from * concurrent deletion of inode. We cannot use reference to inode for this * since we cannot afford doing last iput() on behalf of kjournald */ #define JI_COMMIT_RUNNING (1 << __JI_COMMIT_RUNNING) /* Write allocated dirty buffers in this inode before commit */ #define JI_WRITE_DATA (1 << __JI_WRITE_DATA) /* Wait for outstanding data writes for this inode before commit */ #define JI_WAIT_DATA (1 << __JI_WAIT_DATA) /** * struct jbd2_inode - The jbd_inode type is the structure linking inodes in * ordered mode present in a transaction so that we can sync them during commit. */ struct jbd2_inode { /** * @i_transaction: * * Which transaction does this inode belong to? Either the running * transaction or the committing one. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *i_transaction; /** * @i_next_transaction: * * Pointer to the running transaction modifying inode's data in case * there is already a committing transaction touching it. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *i_next_transaction; /** * @i_list: List of inodes in the i_transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct list_head i_list; /** * @i_vfs_inode: * * VFS inode this inode belongs to [constant for lifetime of structure] */ struct inode *i_vfs_inode; /** * @i_flags: Flags of inode [j_list_lock] */ unsigned long i_flags; /** * @i_dirty_start: * * Offset in bytes where the dirty range for this inode starts. * [j_list_lock] */ loff_t i_dirty_start; /** * @i_dirty_end: * * Inclusive offset in bytes where the dirty range for this inode * ends. [j_list_lock] */ loff_t i_dirty_end; }; struct jbd2_revoke_table_s; /** * struct jbd2_journal_handle - The jbd2_journal_handle type is the concrete * type associated with handle_t. * @h_transaction: Which compound transaction is this update a part of? * @h_journal: Which journal handle belongs to - used iff h_reserved set. * @h_rsv_handle: Handle reserved for finishing the logical operation. * @h_total_credits: Number of remaining buffers we are allowed to add to * journal. These are dirty buffers and revoke descriptor blocks. * @h_revoke_credits: Number of remaining revoke records available for handle * @h_ref: Reference count on this handle. * @h_err: Field for caller's use to track errors through large fs operations. * @h_sync: Flag for sync-on-close. * @h_jdata: Flag to force data journaling. * @h_reserved: Flag for handle for reserved credits. * @h_aborted: Flag indicating fatal error on handle. * @h_type: For handle statistics. * @h_line_no: For handle statistics. * @h_start_jiffies: Handle Start time. * @h_requested_credits: Holds @h_total_credits after handle is started. * @h_revoke_credits_requested: Holds @h_revoke_credits after handle is started. * @saved_alloc_context: Saved context while transaction is open. **/ /* Docbook can't yet cope with the bit fields, but will leave the documentation * in so it can be fixed later. */ struct jbd2_journal_handle { union { transaction_t *h_transaction; /* Which journal handle belongs to - used iff h_reserved set */ journal_t *h_journal; }; handle_t *h_rsv_handle; int h_total_credits; int h_revoke_credits; int h_revoke_credits_requested; int h_ref; int h_err; /* Flags [no locking] */ unsigned int h_sync: 1; unsigned int h_jdata: 1; unsigned int h_reserved: 1; unsigned int h_aborted: 1; unsigned int h_type: 8; unsigned int h_line_no: 16; unsigned long h_start_jiffies; unsigned int h_requested_credits; unsigned int saved_alloc_context; }; /* * Some stats for checkpoint phase */ struct transaction_chp_stats_s { unsigned long cs_chp_time; __u32 cs_forced_to_close; __u32 cs_written; __u32 cs_dropped; }; /* The transaction_t type is the guts of the journaling mechanism. It * tracks a compound transaction through its various states: * * RUNNING: accepting new updates * LOCKED: Updates still running but we don't accept new ones * RUNDOWN: Updates are tidying up but have finished requesting * new buffers to modify (state not used for now) * FLUSH: All updates complete, but we are still writing to disk * COMMIT: All data on disk, writing commit record * FINISHED: We still have to keep the transaction for checkpointing. * * The transaction keeps track of all of the buffers modified by a * running transaction, and all of the buffers committed but not yet * flushed to home for finished transactions. */ /* * Lock ranking: * * j_list_lock * ->jbd_lock_bh_journal_head() (This is "innermost") * * j_state_lock * ->b_state_lock * * b_state_lock * ->j_list_lock * * j_state_lock * ->t_handle_lock * * j_state_lock * ->j_list_lock (journal_unmap_buffer) * */ struct transaction_s { /* Pointer to the journal for this transaction. [no locking] */ journal_t *t_journal; /* Sequence number for this transaction [no locking] */ tid_t t_tid; /* * Transaction's current state * [no locking - only kjournald2 alters this] * [j_list_lock] guards transition of a transaction into T_FINISHED * state and subsequent call of __jbd2_journal_drop_transaction() * FIXME: needs barriers * KLUDGE: [use j_state_lock] */ enum { T_RUNNING, T_LOCKED, T_SWITCH, T_FLUSH, T_COMMIT, T_COMMIT_DFLUSH, T_COMMIT_JFLUSH, T_COMMIT_CALLBACK, T_FINISHED } t_state; /* * Where in the log does this transaction's commit start? [no locking] */ unsigned long t_log_start; /* Number of buffers on the t_buffers list [j_list_lock] */ int t_nr_buffers; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers reserved but not yet * modified by this transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_reserved_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all metadata buffers owned by this * transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_buffers; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all forget buffers (superseded * buffers which we can un-checkpoint once this transaction commits) * [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_forget; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers still to be flushed before * this transaction can be checkpointed. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_checkpoint_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers submitted for IO while * checkpointing. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_checkpoint_io_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of metadata buffers being shadowed by log * IO. The IO buffers on the iobuf list and the shadow buffers on this * list match each other one for one at all times. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_shadow_list; /* * List of inodes associated with the transaction; e.g., ext4 uses * this to track inodes in data=ordered and data=journal mode that * need special handling on transaction commit; also used by ocfs2. * [j_list_lock] */ struct list_head t_inode_list; /* * Protects info related to handles */ spinlock_t t_handle_lock; /* * Longest time some handle had to wait for running transaction */ unsigned long t_max_wait; /* * When transaction started */ unsigned long t_start; /* * When commit was requested */ unsigned long t_requested; /* * Checkpointing stats [j_checkpoint_sem] */ struct transaction_chp_stats_s t_chp_stats; /* * Number of outstanding updates running on this transaction * [none] */ atomic_t t_updates; /* * Number of blocks reserved for this transaction in the journal. * This is including all credits reserved when starting transaction * handles as well as all journal descriptor blocks needed for this * transaction. [none] */ atomic_t t_outstanding_credits; /* * Number of revoke records for this transaction added by already * stopped handles. [none] */ atomic_t t_outstanding_revokes; /* * How many handles used this transaction? [none] */ atomic_t t_handle_count; /* * Forward and backward links for the circular list of all transactions * awaiting checkpoint. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *t_cpnext, *t_cpprev; /* * When will the transaction expire (become due for commit), in jiffies? * [no locking] */ unsigned long t_expires; /* * When this transaction started, in nanoseconds [no locking] */ ktime_t t_start_time; /* * This transaction is being forced and some process is * waiting for it to finish. */ unsigned int t_synchronous_commit:1; /* Disk flush needs to be sent to fs partition [no locking] */ int t_need_data_flush; /* * For use by the filesystem to store fs-specific data * structures associated with the transaction */ struct list_head t_private_list; }; struct transaction_run_stats_s { unsigned long rs_wait; unsigned long rs_request_delay; unsigned long rs_running; unsigned long rs_locked; unsigned long rs_flushing; unsigned long rs_logging; __u32 rs_handle_count; __u32 rs_blocks; __u32 rs_blocks_logged; }; struct transaction_stats_s { unsigned long ts_tid; unsigned long ts_requested; struct transaction_run_stats_s run; }; static inline unsigned long jbd2_time_diff(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { if (end >= start) return end - start; return end + (MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET - start); } #define JBD2_NR_BATCH 64 enum passtype {PASS_SCAN, PASS_REVOKE, PASS_REPLAY}; #define JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP 0 #define JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE 1 /** * struct journal_s - The journal_s type is the concrete type associated with * journal_t. */ struct journal_s { /** * @j_flags: General journaling state flags [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_flags; /** * @j_errno: * * Is there an outstanding uncleared error on the journal (from a prior * abort)? [j_state_lock] */ int j_errno; /** * @j_abort_mutex: Lock the whole aborting procedure. */ struct mutex j_abort_mutex; /** * @j_sb_buffer: The first part of the superblock buffer. */ struct buffer_head *j_sb_buffer; /** * @j_superblock: The second part of the superblock buffer. */ journal_superblock_t *j_superblock; /** * @j_format_version: Version of the superblock format. */ int j_format_version; /** * @j_state_lock: Protect the various scalars in the journal. */ rwlock_t j_state_lock; /** * @j_barrier_count: * * Number of processes waiting to create a barrier lock [j_state_lock] */ int j_barrier_count; /** * @j_barrier: The barrier lock itself. */ struct mutex j_barrier; /** * @j_running_transaction: * * Transactions: The current running transaction... * [j_state_lock] [caller holding open handle] */ transaction_t *j_running_transaction; /** * @j_committing_transaction: * * the transaction we are pushing to disk * [j_state_lock] [caller holding open handle] */ transaction_t *j_committing_transaction; /** * @j_checkpoint_transactions: * * ... and a linked circular list of all transactions waiting for * checkpointing. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *j_checkpoint_transactions; /** * @j_wait_transaction_locked: * * Wait queue for waiting for a locked transaction to start committing, * or for a barrier lock to be released. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_transaction_locked; /** * @j_wait_done_commit: Wait queue for waiting for commit to complete. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_done_commit; /** * @j_wait_commit: Wait queue to trigger commit. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_commit; /** * @j_wait_updates: Wait queue to wait for updates to complete. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_updates; /** * @j_wait_reserved: * * Wait queue to wait for reserved buffer credits to drop. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_reserved; /** * @j_fc_wait: * * Wait queue to wait for completion of async fast commits. */ wait_queue_head_t j_fc_wait; /** * @j_checkpoint_mutex: * * Semaphore for locking against concurrent checkpoints. */ struct mutex j_checkpoint_mutex; /** * @j_chkpt_bhs: * * List of buffer heads used by the checkpoint routine. This * was moved from jbd2_log_do_checkpoint() to reduce stack * usage. Access to this array is controlled by the * @j_checkpoint_mutex. [j_checkpoint_mutex] */ struct buffer_head *j_chkpt_bhs[JBD2_NR_BATCH]; /** * @j_head: * * Journal head: identifies the first unused block in the journal. * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_head; /** * @j_tail: * * Journal tail: identifies the oldest still-used block in the journal. * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_tail; /** * @j_free: * * Journal free: how many free blocks are there in the journal? * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_free; /** * @j_first: * * The block number of the first usable block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_first; /** * @j_last: * * The block number one beyond the last usable block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_last; /** * @j_fc_first: * * The block number of the first fast commit block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_fc_first; /** * @j_fc_off: * * Number of fast commit blocks currently allocated. Accessed only * during fast commit. Currently only process can do fast commit, so * this field is not protected by any lock. */ unsigned long j_fc_off; /** * @j_fc_last: * * The block number one beyond the last fast commit block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_fc_last; /** * @j_dev: Device where we store the journal. */ struct block_device *j_dev; /** * @j_blocksize: Block size for the location where we store the journal. */ int j_blocksize; /** * @j_blk_offset: * * Starting block offset into the device where we store the journal. */ unsigned long long j_blk_offset; /** * @j_devname: Journal device name. */ char j_devname[BDEVNAME_SIZE+24]; /** * @j_fs_dev: * * Device which holds the client fs. For internal journal this will be * equal to j_dev. */ struct block_device *j_fs_dev; /** * @j_total_len: Total maximum capacity of the journal region on disk. */ unsigned int j_total_len; /** * @j_reserved_credits: * * Number of buffers reserved from the running transaction. */ atomic_t j_reserved_credits; /** * @j_list_lock: Protects the buffer lists and internal buffer state. */ spinlock_t j_list_lock; /** * @j_inode: * * Optional inode where we store the journal. If present, all * journal block numbers are mapped into this inode via bmap(). */ struct inode *j_inode; /** * @j_tail_sequence: * * Sequence number of the oldest transaction in the log [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_tail_sequence; /** * @j_transaction_sequence: * * Sequence number of the next transaction to grant [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_transaction_sequence; /** * @j_commit_sequence: * * Sequence number of the most recently committed transaction * [j_state_lock]. */ tid_t j_commit_sequence; /** * @j_commit_request: * * Sequence number of the most recent transaction wanting commit * [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_commit_request; /** * @j_uuid: * * Journal uuid: identifies the object (filesystem, LVM volume etc) * backed by this journal. This will eventually be replaced by an array * of uuids, allowing us to index multiple devices within a single * journal and to perform atomic updates across them. */ __u8 j_uuid[16]; /** * @j_task: Pointer to the current commit thread for this journal. */ struct task_struct *j_task; /** * @j_max_transaction_buffers: * * Maximum number of metadata buffers to allow in a single compound * commit transaction. */ int j_max_transaction_buffers; /** * @j_revoke_records_per_block: * * Number of revoke records that fit in one descriptor block. */ int j_revoke_records_per_block; /** * @j_commit_interval: * * What is the maximum transaction lifetime before we begin a commit? */ unsigned long j_commit_interval; /** * @j_commit_timer: The timer used to wakeup the commit thread. */ struct timer_list j_commit_timer; /** * @j_revoke_lock: Protect the revoke table. */ spinlock_t j_revoke_lock; /** * @j_revoke: * * The revoke table - maintains the list of revoked blocks in the * current transaction. */ struct jbd2_revoke_table_s *j_revoke; /** * @j_revoke_table: Alternate revoke tables for j_revoke. */ struct jbd2_revoke_table_s *j_revoke_table[2]; /** * @j_wbuf: Array of bhs for jbd2_journal_commit_transaction. */ struct buffer_head **j_wbuf; /** * @j_fc_wbuf: Array of fast commit bhs for fast commit. Accessed only * during a fast commit. Currently only process can do fast commit, so * this field is not protected by any lock. */ struct buffer_head **j_fc_wbuf; /** * @j_wbufsize: * * Size of @j_wbuf array. */ int j_wbufsize; /** * @j_fc_wbufsize: * * Size of @j_fc_wbuf array. */ int j_fc_wbufsize; /** * @j_last_sync_writer: * * The pid of the last person to run a synchronous operation * through the journal. */ pid_t j_last_sync_writer; /** * @j_average_commit_time: * * The average amount of time in nanoseconds it takes to commit a * transaction to disk. [j_state_lock] */ u64 j_average_commit_time; /** * @j_min_batch_time: * * Minimum time that we should wait for additional filesystem operations * to get batched into a synchronous handle in microseconds. */ u32 j_min_batch_time; /** * @j_max_batch_time: * * Maximum time that we should wait for additional filesystem operations * to get batched into a synchronous handle in microseconds. */ u32 j_max_batch_time; /** * @j_commit_callback: * * This function is called when a transaction is closed. */ void (*j_commit_callback)(journal_t *, transaction_t *); /** * @j_submit_inode_data_buffers: * * This function is called for all inodes associated with the * committing transaction marked with JI_WRITE_DATA flag * before we start to write out the transaction to the journal. */ int (*j_submit_inode_data_buffers) (struct jbd2_inode *); /** * @j_finish_inode_data_buffers: * * This function is called for all inodes associated with the * committing transaction marked with JI_WAIT_DATA flag * after we have written the transaction to the journal * but before we write out the commit block. */ int (*j_finish_inode_data_buffers) (struct jbd2_inode *); /* * Journal statistics */ /** * @j_history_lock: Protect the transactions statistics history. */ spinlock_t j_history_lock; /** * @j_proc_entry: procfs entry for the jbd statistics directory. */ struct proc_dir_entry *j_proc_entry; /** * @j_stats: Overall statistics. */ struct transaction_stats_s j_stats; /** * @j_failed_commit: Failed journal commit ID. */ unsigned int j_failed_commit; /** * @j_private: * * An opaque pointer to fs-private information. ext3 puts its * superblock pointer here. */ void *j_private; /** * @j_chksum_driver: * * Reference to checksum algorithm driver via cryptoapi. */ struct crypto_shash *j_chksum_driver; /** * @j_csum_seed: * * Precomputed journal UUID checksum for seeding other checksums. */ __u32 j_csum_seed; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC /** * @j_trans_commit_map: * * Lockdep entity to track transaction commit dependencies. Handles * hold this "lock" for read, when we wait for commit, we acquire the * "lock" for writing. This matches the properties of jbd2 journalling * where the running transaction has to wait for all handles to be * dropped to commit that transaction and also acquiring a handle may * require transaction commit to finish. */ struct lockdep_map j_trans_commit_map; #endif /** * @j_fc_cleanup_callback: * * Clean-up after fast commit or full commit. JBD2 calls this function * after every commit operation. */ void (*j_fc_cleanup_callback)(struct journal_s *journal, int); /** * @j_fc_replay_callback: * * File-system specific function that performs replay of a fast * commit. JBD2 calls this function for each fast commit block found in * the journal. This function should return JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE * to indicate that the block was processed correctly and more fast * commit replay should continue. Return value of JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP * indicates the end of replay (no more blocks remaining). A negative * return value indicates error. */ int (*j_fc_replay_callback)(struct journal_s *journal, struct buffer_head *bh, enum passtype pass, int off, tid_t expected_commit_id); }; #define jbd2_might_wait_for_commit(j) \ do { \ rwsem_acquire(&j->j_trans_commit_map, 0, 0, _THIS_IP_); \ rwsem_release(&j->j_trans_commit_map, _THIS_IP_); \ } while (0) /* journal feature predicate functions */ #define JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(checksum, CHECKSUM) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(revoke, REVOKE) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(64bit, 64BIT) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(async_commit, ASYNC_COMMIT) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum2, CSUM_V2) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum3, CSUM_V3) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(fast_commit, FAST_COMMIT) /* * Journal flag definitions */ #define JBD2_UNMOUNT 0x001 /* Journal thread is being destroyed */ #define JBD2_ABORT 0x002 /* Journaling has been aborted for errors. */ #define JBD2_ACK_ERR 0x004 /* The errno in the sb has been acked */ #define JBD2_FLUSHED 0x008 /* The journal superblock has been flushed */ #define JBD2_LOADED 0x010 /* The journal superblock has been loaded */ #define JBD2_BARRIER 0x020 /* Use IDE barriers */ #define JBD2_ABORT_ON_SYNCDATA_ERR 0x040 /* Abort the journal on file * data write error in ordered * mode */ #define JBD2_FAST_COMMIT_ONGOING 0x100 /* Fast commit is ongoing */ #define JBD2_FULL_COMMIT_ONGOING 0x200 /* Full commit is ongoing */ /* * Function declarations for the journaling transaction and buffer * management */ /* Filing buffers */ extern void jbd2_journal_unfile_buffer(journal_t *, struct journal_head *); extern bool __jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(struct journal_head *); extern void jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(journal_t *, struct journal_head *); extern void __jbd2_journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *, int); extern void __journal_free_buffer(struct journal_head *bh); extern void jbd2_journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *, int); extern void __journal_clean_data_list(transaction_t *transaction); static inline void jbd2_file_log_bh(struct list_head *head, struct buffer_head *bh) { list_add_tail(&bh->b_assoc_buffers, head); } static inline void jbd2_unfile_log_bh(struct buffer_head *bh) { list_del_init(&bh->b_assoc_buffers); } /* Log buffer allocation */ struct buffer_head *jbd2_journal_get_descriptor_buffer(transaction_t *, int); void jbd2_descriptor_block_csum_set(journal_t *, struct buffer_head *); int jbd2_journal_next_log_block(journal_t *, unsigned long long *); int jbd2_journal_get_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t *tid, unsigned long *block); int __jbd2_update_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, unsigned long block); void jbd2_update_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, unsigned long block); /* Commit management */ extern void jbd2_journal_commit_transaction(journal_t *); /* Checkpoint list management */ void __jbd2_journal_clean_checkpoint_list(journal_t *journal, bool destroy); int __jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint(struct journal_head *); void jbd2_journal_destroy_checkpoint(journal_t *journal); void __jbd2_journal_insert_checkpoint(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *); /* * Triggers */ struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type { /* * Fired a the moment data to write to the journal are known to be * stable - so either at the moment b_frozen_data is created or just * before a buffer is written to the journal. mapped_data is a mapped * buffer that is the frozen data for commit. */ void (*t_frozen)(struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type, struct buffer_head *bh, void *mapped_data, size_t size); /* * Fired during journal abort for dirty buffers that will not be * committed. */ void (*t_abort)(struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type, struct buffer_head *bh); }; extern void jbd2_buffer_frozen_trigger(struct journal_head *jh, void *mapped_data, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *triggers); extern void jbd2_buffer_abort_trigger(struct journal_head *jh, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *triggers); /* Buffer IO */ extern int jbd2_journal_write_metadata_buffer(transaction_t *transaction, struct journal_head *jh_in, struct buffer_head **bh_out, sector_t blocknr); /* Transaction locking */ extern void __wait_on_journal (journal_t *); /* Transaction cache support */ extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_transaction_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_transaction_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_free_transaction(transaction_t *); /* * Journal locking. * * We need to lock the journal during transaction state changes so that nobody * ever tries to take a handle on the running transaction while we are in the * middle of moving it to the commit phase. j_state_lock does this. * * Note that the locking is completely interrupt unsafe. We never touch * journal structures from interrupts. */ static inline handle_t *journal_current_handle(void) { return current->journal_info; } /* The journaling code user interface: * * Create and destroy handles * Register buffer modifications against the current transaction. */ extern handle_t *jbd2_journal_start(journal_t *, int nblocks); extern handle_t *jbd2__journal_start(journal_t *, int blocks, int rsv_blocks, int revoke_records, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no); extern int jbd2_journal_restart(handle_t *, int nblocks); extern int jbd2__journal_restart(handle_t *, int nblocks, int revoke_records, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern int jbd2_journal_start_reserved(handle_t *handle, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no); extern void jbd2_journal_free_reserved(handle_t *handle); extern int jbd2_journal_extend(handle_t *handle, int nblocks, int revoke_records); extern int jbd2_journal_get_write_access(handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_get_create_access (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_get_undo_access(handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); void jbd2_journal_set_triggers(struct buffer_head *, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type); extern int jbd2_journal_dirty_metadata (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_forget (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_invalidatepage(journal_t *, struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); extern int jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal_t *journal, struct page *page); extern int jbd2_journal_stop(handle_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_flush (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_lock_updates (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_unlock_updates (journal_t *); extern journal_t * jbd2_journal_init_dev(struct block_device *bdev, struct block_device *fs_dev, unsigned long long start, int len, int bsize); extern journal_t * jbd2_journal_init_inode (struct inode *); extern int jbd2_journal_update_format (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_check_used_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_check_available_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_set_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern void jbd2_journal_clear_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_load (journal_t *journal); extern int jbd2_journal_destroy (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_recover (journal_t *journal); extern int jbd2_journal_wipe (journal_t *, int); extern int jbd2_journal_skip_recovery (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_update_sb_log_tail (journal_t *, tid_t, unsigned long, int); extern void jbd2_journal_abort (journal_t *, int); extern int jbd2_journal_errno (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_ack_err (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_clear_err (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_bmap(journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long long *); extern int jbd2_journal_force_commit(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_force_commit_nested(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_write(handle_t *handle, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length); extern int jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_wait(handle_t *handle, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length); extern int jbd2_journal_submit_inode_data_buffers( struct jbd2_inode *jinode); extern int jbd2_journal_finish_inode_data_buffers( struct jbd2_inode *jinode); extern int jbd2_journal_begin_ordered_truncate(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t new_size); extern void jbd2_journal_init_jbd_inode(struct jbd2_inode *jinode, struct inode *inode); extern void jbd2_journal_release_jbd_inode(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *jinode); /* * journal_head management */ struct journal_head *jbd2_journal_add_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh); struct journal_head *jbd2_journal_grab_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh); void jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(struct journal_head *jh); /* * handle management */ extern struct kmem_cache *jbd2_handle_cache; static inline handle_t *jbd2_alloc_handle(gfp_t gfp_flags) { return kmem_cache_zalloc(jbd2_handle_cache, gfp_flags); } static inline void jbd2_free_handle(handle_t *handle) { kmem_cache_free(jbd2_handle_cache, handle); } /* * jbd2_inode management (optional, for those file systems that want to use * dynamically allocated jbd2_inode structures) */ extern struct kmem_cache *jbd2_inode_cache; static inline struct jbd2_inode *jbd2_alloc_inode(gfp_t gfp_flags) { return kmem_cache_alloc(jbd2_inode_cache, gfp_flags); } static inline void jbd2_free_inode(struct jbd2_inode *jinode) { kmem_cache_free(jbd2_inode_cache, jinode); } /* Primary revoke support */ #define JOURNAL_REVOKE_DEFAULT_HASH 256 extern int jbd2_journal_init_revoke(journal_t *, int); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke_record_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke_table_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_revoke_record_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_revoke_table_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_revoke (handle_t *, unsigned long long, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_cancel_revoke(handle_t *, struct journal_head *); extern void jbd2_journal_write_revoke_records(transaction_t *transaction, struct list_head *log_bufs); /* Recovery revoke support */ extern int jbd2_journal_set_revoke(journal_t *, unsigned long long, tid_t); extern int jbd2_journal_test_revoke(journal_t *, unsigned long long, tid_t); extern void jbd2_journal_clear_revoke(journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_switch_revoke_table(journal_t *journal); extern void jbd2_clear_buffer_revoked_flags(journal_t *journal); /* * The log thread user interface: * * Request space in the current transaction, and force transaction commit * transitions on demand. */ int jbd2_log_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int __jbd2_log_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_journal_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t *tid); int jbd2_log_wait_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_transaction_committed(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_complete_transaction(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_log_do_checkpoint(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_trans_will_send_data_barrier(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); void __jbd2_log_wait_for_space(journal_t *journal); extern void __jbd2_journal_drop_transaction(journal_t *, transaction_t *); extern int jbd2_cleanup_journal_tail(journal_t *); /* Fast commit related APIs */ int jbd2_fc_begin_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_fc_end_commit(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_fc_end_commit_fallback(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_fc_get_buf(journal_t *journal, struct buffer_head **bh_out); int jbd2_submit_inode_data(struct jbd2_inode *jinode); int jbd2_wait_inode_data(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *jinode); int jbd2_fc_wait_bufs(journal_t *journal, int num_blks); int jbd2_fc_release_bufs(journal_t *journal); static inline int jbd2_journal_get_max_txn_bufs(journal_t *journal) { return (journal->j_total_len - journal->j_fc_wbufsize) / 4; } /* * is_journal_abort * * Simple test wrapper function to test the JBD2_ABORT state flag. This * bit, when set, indicates that we have had a fatal error somewhere, * either inside the journaling layer or indicated to us by the client * (eg. ext3), and that we and should not commit any further * transactions. */ static inline int is_journal_aborted(journal_t *journal) { return journal->j_flags & JBD2_ABORT; } static inline int is_handle_aborted(handle_t *handle) { if (handle->h_aborted || !handle->h_transaction) return 1; return is_journal_aborted(handle->h_transaction->t_journal); } static inline void jbd2_journal_abort_handle(handle_t *handle) { handle->h_aborted = 1; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ /* Comparison functions for transaction IDs: perform comparisons using * modulo arithmetic so that they work over sequence number wraps. */ static inline int tid_gt(tid_t x, tid_t y) { int difference = (x - y); return (difference > 0); } static inline int tid_geq(tid_t x, tid_t y) { int difference = (x - y); return (difference >= 0); } extern int jbd2_journal_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode); extern size_t journal_tag_bytes(journal_t *journal); static inline bool jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3_feature(journal_t *j) { return jbd2_has_feature_csum2(j) || jbd2_has_feature_csum3(j); } static inline int jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3(journal_t *journal) { WARN_ON_ONCE(jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3_feature(journal) && journal->j_chksum_driver == NULL); return journal->j_chksum_driver != NULL; } /* * Return number of free blocks in the log. Must be called under j_state_lock. */ static inline unsigned long jbd2_log_space_left(journal_t *journal) { /* Allow for rounding errors */ long free = journal->j_free - 32; if (journal->j_committing_transaction) { free -= atomic_read(&journal-> j_committing_transaction->t_outstanding_credits); } return max_t(long, free, 0); } /* * Definitions which augment the buffer_head layer */ /* journaling buffer types */ #define BJ_None 0 /* Not journaled */ #define BJ_Metadata 1 /* Normal journaled metadata */ #define BJ_Forget 2 /* Buffer superseded by this transaction */ #define BJ_Shadow 3 /* Buffer contents being shadowed to the log */ #define BJ_Reserved 4 /* Buffer is reserved for access by journal */ #define BJ_Types 5 extern int jbd_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode); /* JBD uses a CRC32 checksum */ #define JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE 4 static inline u32 jbd2_chksum(journal_t *journal, u32 crc, const void *address, unsigned int length) { struct { struct shash_desc shash; char ctx[JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE]; } desc; int err; BUG_ON(crypto_shash_descsize(journal->j_chksum_driver) > JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE); desc.shash.tfm = journal->j_chksum_driver; *(u32 *)desc.ctx = crc; err = crypto_shash_update(&desc.shash, address, length); BUG_ON(err); return *(u32 *)desc.ctx; } /* Return most recent uncommitted transaction */ static inline tid_t jbd2_get_latest_transaction(journal_t *journal) { tid_t tid; read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); tid = journal->j_commit_request; if (journal->j_running_transaction) tid = journal->j_running_transaction->t_tid; read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return tid; } static inline int jbd2_handle_buffer_credits(handle_t *handle) { journal_t *journal; if (!handle->h_reserved) journal = handle->h_transaction->t_journal; else journal = handle->h_journal; return handle->h_total_credits - DIV_ROUND_UP(handle->h_revoke_credits_requested, journal->j_revoke_records_per_block); } #ifdef __KERNEL__ #define buffer_trace_init(bh) do {} while (0) #define print_buffer_fields(bh) do {} while (0) #define print_buffer_trace(bh) do {} while (0) #define BUFFER_TRACE(bh, info) do {} while (0) #define BUFFER_TRACE2(bh, bh2, info) do {} while (0) #define JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, info) do {} while (0) #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #define EFSBADCRC EBADMSG /* Bad CRC detected */ #define EFSCORRUPTED EUCLEAN /* Filesystem is corrupted */ #endif /* _LINUX_JBD2_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM sock #if !defined(_TRACE_SOCK_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_SOCK_H #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/tcp.h> #define family_names \ EM(AF_INET) \ EMe(AF_INET6) /* The protocol traced by inet_sock_set_state */ #define inet_protocol_names \ EM(IPPROTO_TCP) \ EM(IPPROTO_DCCP) \ EM(IPPROTO_SCTP) \ EMe(IPPROTO_MPTCP) #define tcp_state_names \ EM(TCP_ESTABLISHED) \ EM(TCP_SYN_SENT) \ EM(TCP_SYN_RECV) \ EM(TCP_FIN_WAIT1) \ EM(TCP_FIN_WAIT2) \ EM(TCP_TIME_WAIT) \ EM(TCP_CLOSE) \ EM(TCP_CLOSE_WAIT) \ EM(TCP_LAST_ACK) \ EM(TCP_LISTEN) \ EM(TCP_CLOSING) \ EMe(TCP_NEW_SYN_RECV) #define skmem_kind_names \ EM(SK_MEM_SEND) \ EMe(SK_MEM_RECV) /* enums need to be exported to user space */ #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); #define EMe(a) TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(a); family_names inet_protocol_names tcp_state_names skmem_kind_names #undef EM #undef EMe #define EM(a) { a, #a }, #define EMe(a) { a, #a } #define show_family_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, family_names) #define show_inet_protocol_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, inet_protocol_names) #define show_tcp_state_name(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, tcp_state_names) #define show_skmem_kind_names(val) \ __print_symbolic(val, skmem_kind_names) TRACE_EVENT(sock_rcvqueue_full, TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(sk, skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, rmem_alloc) __field(unsigned int, truesize) __field(int, sk_rcvbuf) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->rmem_alloc = atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc); __entry->truesize = skb->truesize; __entry->sk_rcvbuf = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_rcvbuf); ), TP_printk("rmem_alloc=%d truesize=%u sk_rcvbuf=%d", __entry->rmem_alloc, __entry->truesize, __entry->sk_rcvbuf) ); TRACE_EVENT(sock_exceed_buf_limit, TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk, struct proto *prot, long allocated, int kind), TP_ARGS(sk, prot, allocated, kind), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array(char, name, 32) __field(long *, sysctl_mem) __field(long, allocated) __field(int, sysctl_rmem) __field(int, rmem_alloc) __field(int, sysctl_wmem) __field(int, wmem_alloc) __field(int, wmem_queued) __field(int, kind) ), TP_fast_assign( strncpy(__entry->name, prot->name, 32); __entry->sysctl_mem = prot->sysctl_mem; __entry->allocated = allocated; __entry->sysctl_rmem = sk_get_rmem0(sk, prot); __entry->rmem_alloc = atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc); __entry->sysctl_wmem = sk_get_wmem0(sk, prot); __entry->wmem_alloc = refcount_read(&sk->sk_wmem_alloc); __entry->wmem_queued = READ_ONCE(sk->sk_wmem_queued); __entry->kind = kind; ), TP_printk("proto:%s sysctl_mem=%ld,%ld,%ld allocated=%ld sysctl_rmem=%d rmem_alloc=%d sysctl_wmem=%d wmem_alloc=%d wmem_queued=%d kind=%s", __entry->name, __entry->sysctl_mem[0], __entry->sysctl_mem[1], __entry->sysctl_mem[2], __entry->allocated, __entry->sysctl_rmem, __entry->rmem_alloc, __entry->sysctl_wmem, __entry->wmem_alloc, __entry->wmem_queued, show_skmem_kind_names(__entry->kind) ) ); TRACE_EVENT(inet_sock_set_state, TP_PROTO(const struct sock *sk, const int oldstate, const int newstate), TP_ARGS(sk, oldstate, newstate), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(const void *, skaddr) __field(int, oldstate) __field(int, newstate) __field(__u16, sport) __field(__u16, dport) __field(__u16, family) __field(__u16, protocol) __array(__u8, saddr, 4) __array(__u8, daddr, 4) __array(__u8, saddr_v6, 16) __array(__u8, daddr_v6, 16) ), TP_fast_assign( struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk); struct in6_addr *pin6; __be32 *p32; __entry->skaddr = sk; __entry->oldstate = oldstate; __entry->newstate = newstate; __entry->family = sk->sk_family; __entry->protocol = sk->sk_protocol; __entry->sport = ntohs(inet->inet_sport); __entry->dport = ntohs(inet->inet_dport); p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->saddr; *p32 = inet->inet_saddr; p32 = (__be32 *) __entry->daddr; *p32 = inet->inet_daddr; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) if (sk->sk_family == AF_INET6) { pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->saddr_v6; *pin6 = sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr; pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->daddr_v6; *pin6 = sk->sk_v6_daddr; } else #endif { pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->saddr_v6; ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(inet->inet_saddr, pin6); pin6 = (struct in6_addr *)__entry->daddr_v6; ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(inet->inet_daddr, pin6); } ), TP_printk("family=%s protocol=%s sport=%hu dport=%hu saddr=%pI4 daddr=%pI4 saddrv6=%pI6c daddrv6=%pI6c oldstate=%s newstate=%s", show_family_name(__entry->family), show_inet_protocol_name(__entry->protocol), __entry->sport, __entry->dport, __entry->saddr, __entry->daddr, __entry->saddr_v6, __entry->daddr_v6, show_tcp_state_name(__entry->oldstate), show_tcp_state_name(__entry->newstate)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_SOCK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* linux/include/linux/clockchips.h * * This file contains the structure definitions for clockchips. * * If you are not a clockchip, or the time of day code, you should * not be including this file! */ #ifndef _LINUX_CLOCKCHIPS_H #define _LINUX_CLOCKCHIPS_H #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS # include <linux/clocksource.h> # include <linux/cpumask.h> # include <linux/ktime.h> # include <linux/notifier.h> struct clock_event_device; struct module; /* * Possible states of a clock event device. * * DETACHED: Device is not used by clockevents core. Initial state or can be * reached from SHUTDOWN. * SHUTDOWN: Device is powered-off. Can be reached from PERIODIC or ONESHOT. * PERIODIC: Device is programmed to generate events periodically. Can be * reached from DETACHED or SHUTDOWN. * ONESHOT: Device is programmed to generate event only once. Can be reached * from DETACHED or SHUTDOWN. * ONESHOT_STOPPED: Device was programmed in ONESHOT mode and is temporarily * stopped. */ enum clock_event_state { CLOCK_EVT_STATE_DETACHED, CLOCK_EVT_STATE_SHUTDOWN, CLOCK_EVT_STATE_PERIODIC, CLOCK_EVT_STATE_ONESHOT, CLOCK_EVT_STATE_ONESHOT_STOPPED, }; /* * Clock event features */ # define CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_PERIODIC 0x000001 # define CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_ONESHOT 0x000002 # define CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_KTIME 0x000004 /* * x86(64) specific (mis)features: * * - Clockevent source stops in C3 State and needs broadcast support. * - Local APIC timer is used as a dummy device. */ # define CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_C3STOP 0x000008 # define CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_DUMMY 0x000010 /* * Core shall set the interrupt affinity dynamically in broadcast mode */ # define CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_DYNIRQ 0x000020 # define CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_PERCPU 0x000040 /* * Clockevent device is based on a hrtimer for broadcast */ # define CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_HRTIMER 0x000080 /** * struct clock_event_device - clock event device descriptor * @event_handler: Assigned by the framework to be called by the low * level handler of the event source * @set_next_event: set next event function using a clocksource delta * @set_next_ktime: set next event function using a direct ktime value * @next_event: local storage for the next event in oneshot mode * @max_delta_ns: maximum delta value in ns * @min_delta_ns: minimum delta value in ns * @mult: nanosecond to cycles multiplier * @shift: nanoseconds to cycles divisor (power of two) * @state_use_accessors:current state of the device, assigned by the core code * @features: features * @retries: number of forced programming retries * @set_state_periodic: switch state to periodic * @set_state_oneshot: switch state to oneshot * @set_state_oneshot_stopped: switch state to oneshot_stopped * @set_state_shutdown: switch state to shutdown * @tick_resume: resume clkevt device * @broadcast: function to broadcast events * @min_delta_ticks: minimum delta value in ticks stored for reconfiguration * @max_delta_ticks: maximum delta value in ticks stored for reconfiguration * @name: ptr to clock event name * @rating: variable to rate clock event devices * @irq: IRQ number (only for non CPU local devices) * @bound_on: Bound on CPU * @cpumask: cpumask to indicate for which CPUs this device works * @list: list head for the management code * @owner: module reference */ struct clock_event_device { void (*event_handler)(struct clock_event_device *); int (*set_next_event)(unsigned long evt, struct clock_event_device *); int (*set_next_ktime)(ktime_t expires, struct clock_event_device *); ktime_t next_event; u64 max_delta_ns; u64 min_delta_ns; u32 mult; u32 shift; enum clock_event_state state_use_accessors; unsigned int features; unsigned long retries; int (*set_state_periodic)(struct clock_event_device *); int (*set_state_oneshot)(struct clock_event_device *); int (*set_state_oneshot_stopped)(struct clock_event_device *); int (*set_state_shutdown)(struct clock_event_device *); int (*tick_resume)(struct clock_event_device *); void (*broadcast)(const struct cpumask *mask); void (*suspend)(struct clock_event_device *); void (*resume)(struct clock_event_device *); unsigned long min_delta_ticks; unsigned long max_delta_ticks; const char *name; int rating; int irq; int bound_on; const struct cpumask *cpumask; struct list_head list; struct module *owner; } ____cacheline_aligned; /* Helpers to verify state of a clockevent device */ static inline bool clockevent_state_detached(struct clock_event_device *dev) { return dev->state_use_accessors == CLOCK_EVT_STATE_DETACHED; } static inline bool clockevent_state_shutdown(struct clock_event_device *dev) { return dev->state_use_accessors == CLOCK_EVT_STATE_SHUTDOWN; } static inline bool clockevent_state_periodic(struct clock_event_device *dev) { return dev->state_use_accessors == CLOCK_EVT_STATE_PERIODIC; } static inline bool clockevent_state_oneshot(struct clock_event_device *dev) { return dev->state_use_accessors == CLOCK_EVT_STATE_ONESHOT; } static inline bool clockevent_state_oneshot_stopped(struct clock_event_device *dev) { return dev->state_use_accessors == CLOCK_EVT_STATE_ONESHOT_STOPPED; } /* * Calculate a multiplication factor for scaled math, which is used to convert * nanoseconds based values to clock ticks: * * clock_ticks = (nanoseconds * factor) >> shift. * * div_sc is the rearranged equation to calculate a factor from a given clock * ticks / nanoseconds ratio: * * factor = (clock_ticks << shift) / nanoseconds */ static inline unsigned long div_sc(unsigned long ticks, unsigned long nsec, int shift) { u64 tmp = ((u64)ticks) << shift; do_div(tmp, nsec); return (unsigned long) tmp; } /* Clock event layer functions */ extern u64 clockevent_delta2ns(unsigned long latch, struct clock_event_device *evt); extern void clockevents_register_device(struct clock_event_device *dev); extern int clockevents_unbind_device(struct clock_event_device *ced, int cpu); extern void clockevents_config_and_register(struct clock_event_device *dev, u32 freq, unsigned long min_delta, unsigned long max_delta); extern int clockevents_update_freq(struct clock_event_device *ce, u32 freq); static inline void clockevents_calc_mult_shift(struct clock_event_device *ce, u32 freq, u32 maxsec) { return clocks_calc_mult_shift(&ce->mult, &ce->shift, NSEC_PER_SEC, freq, maxsec); } extern void clockevents_suspend(void); extern void clockevents_resume(void); # ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS_BROADCAST # ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_TICK_BROADCAST extern void tick_broadcast(const struct cpumask *mask); # else # define tick_broadcast NULL # endif extern int tick_receive_broadcast(void); # endif # if defined(CONFIG_GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS_BROADCAST) && defined(CONFIG_TICK_ONESHOT) extern void tick_setup_hrtimer_broadcast(void); extern int tick_check_broadcast_expired(void); # else static inline int tick_check_broadcast_expired(void) { return 0; } static inline void tick_setup_hrtimer_broadcast(void) { } # endif #else /* !CONFIG_GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS: */ static inline void clockevents_suspend(void) { } static inline void clockevents_resume(void) { } static inline int tick_check_broadcast_expired(void) { return 0; } static inline void tick_setup_hrtimer_broadcast(void) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS */ #endif /* _LINUX_CLOCKCHIPS_H */
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2421 2422 2423 2424 2425 2426 2427 2428 2429 2430 2431 2432 2433 2434 2435 2436 2437 2438 2439 2440 2441 2442 2443 2444 2445 2446 2447 2448 2449 2450 2451 2452 2453 2454 2455 2456 2457 2458 2459 2460 2461 2462 2463 2464 2465 2466 2467 2468 2469 2470 2471 2472 2473 2474 2475 2476 2477 2478 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Kernel timekeeping code and accessor functions. Based on code from * timer.c, moved in commit 8524070b7982. */ #include <linux/timekeeper_internal.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/nmi.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/loadavg.h> #include <linux/sched/clock.h> #include <linux/syscore_ops.h> #include <linux/clocksource.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/tick.h> #include <linux/stop_machine.h> #include <linux/pvclock_gtod.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include "tick-internal.h" #include "ntp_internal.h" #include "timekeeping_internal.h" #define TK_CLEAR_NTP (1 << 0) #define TK_MIRROR (1 << 1) #define TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET (1 << 2) enum timekeeping_adv_mode { /* Update timekeeper when a tick has passed */ TK_ADV_TICK, /* Update timekeeper on a direct frequency change */ TK_ADV_FREQ }; DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(timekeeper_lock); /* * The most important data for readout fits into a single 64 byte * cache line. */ static struct { seqcount_raw_spinlock_t seq; struct timekeeper timekeeper; } tk_core ____cacheline_aligned = { .seq = SEQCNT_RAW_SPINLOCK_ZERO(tk_core.seq, &timekeeper_lock), }; static struct timekeeper shadow_timekeeper; /* flag for if timekeeping is suspended */ int __read_mostly timekeeping_suspended; /** * struct tk_fast - NMI safe timekeeper * @seq: Sequence counter for protecting updates. The lowest bit * is the index for the tk_read_base array * @base: tk_read_base array. Access is indexed by the lowest bit of * @seq. * * See @update_fast_timekeeper() below. */ struct tk_fast { seqcount_latch_t seq; struct tk_read_base base[2]; }; /* Suspend-time cycles value for halted fast timekeeper. */ static u64 cycles_at_suspend; static u64 dummy_clock_read(struct clocksource *cs) { if (timekeeping_suspended) return cycles_at_suspend; return local_clock(); } static struct clocksource dummy_clock = { .read = dummy_clock_read, }; /* * Boot time initialization which allows local_clock() to be utilized * during early boot when clocksources are not available. local_clock() * returns nanoseconds already so no conversion is required, hence mult=1 * and shift=0. When the first proper clocksource is installed then * the fast time keepers are updated with the correct values. */ #define FAST_TK_INIT \ { \ .clock = &dummy_clock, \ .mask = CLOCKSOURCE_MASK(64), \ .mult = 1, \ .shift = 0, \ } static struct tk_fast tk_fast_mono ____cacheline_aligned = { .seq = SEQCNT_LATCH_ZERO(tk_fast_mono.seq), .base[0] = FAST_TK_INIT, .base[1] = FAST_TK_INIT, }; static struct tk_fast tk_fast_raw ____cacheline_aligned = { .seq = SEQCNT_LATCH_ZERO(tk_fast_raw.seq), .base[0] = FAST_TK_INIT, .base[1] = FAST_TK_INIT, }; static inline void tk_normalize_xtime(struct timekeeper *tk) { while (tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec >= ((u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << tk->tkr_mono.shift)) { tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec -= (u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << tk->tkr_mono.shift; tk->xtime_sec++; } while (tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec >= ((u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << tk->tkr_raw.shift)) { tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec -= (u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << tk->tkr_raw.shift; tk->raw_sec++; } } static inline struct timespec64 tk_xtime(const struct timekeeper *tk) { struct timespec64 ts; ts.tv_sec = tk->xtime_sec; ts.tv_nsec = (long)(tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec >> tk->tkr_mono.shift); return ts; } static void tk_set_xtime(struct timekeeper *tk, const struct timespec64 *ts) { tk->xtime_sec = ts->tv_sec; tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec = (u64)ts->tv_nsec << tk->tkr_mono.shift; } static void tk_xtime_add(struct timekeeper *tk, const struct timespec64 *ts) { tk->xtime_sec += ts->tv_sec; tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec += (u64)ts->tv_nsec << tk->tkr_mono.shift; tk_normalize_xtime(tk); } static void tk_set_wall_to_mono(struct timekeeper *tk, struct timespec64 wtm) { struct timespec64 tmp; /* * Verify consistency of: offset_real = -wall_to_monotonic * before modifying anything */ set_normalized_timespec64(&tmp, -tk->wall_to_monotonic.tv_sec, -tk->wall_to_monotonic.tv_nsec); WARN_ON_ONCE(tk->offs_real != timespec64_to_ktime(tmp)); tk->wall_to_monotonic = wtm; set_normalized_timespec64(&tmp, -wtm.tv_sec, -wtm.tv_nsec); tk->offs_real = timespec64_to_ktime(tmp); tk->offs_tai = ktime_add(tk->offs_real, ktime_set(tk->tai_offset, 0)); } static inline void tk_update_sleep_time(struct timekeeper *tk, ktime_t delta) { tk->offs_boot = ktime_add(tk->offs_boot, delta); /* * Timespec representation for VDSO update to avoid 64bit division * on every update. */ tk->monotonic_to_boot = ktime_to_timespec64(tk->offs_boot); } /* * tk_clock_read - atomic clocksource read() helper * * This helper is necessary to use in the read paths because, while the * seqcount ensures we don't return a bad value while structures are updated, * it doesn't protect from potential crashes. There is the possibility that * the tkr's clocksource may change between the read reference, and the * clock reference passed to the read function. This can cause crashes if * the wrong clocksource is passed to the wrong read function. * This isn't necessary to use when holding the timekeeper_lock or doing * a read of the fast-timekeeper tkrs (which is protected by its own locking * and update logic). */ static inline u64 tk_clock_read(const struct tk_read_base *tkr) { struct clocksource *clock = READ_ONCE(tkr->clock); return clock->read(clock); } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_TIMEKEEPING #define WARNING_FREQ (HZ*300) /* 5 minute rate-limiting */ static void timekeeping_check_update(struct timekeeper *tk, u64 offset) { u64 max_cycles = tk->tkr_mono.clock->max_cycles; const char *name = tk->tkr_mono.clock->name; if (offset > max_cycles) { printk_deferred("WARNING: timekeeping: Cycle offset (%lld) is larger than allowed by the '%s' clock's max_cycles value (%lld): time overflow danger\n", offset, name, max_cycles); printk_deferred(" timekeeping: Your kernel is sick, but tries to cope by capping time updates\n"); } else { if (offset > (max_cycles >> 1)) { printk_deferred("INFO: timekeeping: Cycle offset (%lld) is larger than the '%s' clock's 50%% safety margin (%lld)\n", offset, name, max_cycles >> 1); printk_deferred(" timekeeping: Your kernel is still fine, but is feeling a bit nervous\n"); } } if (tk->underflow_seen) { if (jiffies - tk->last_warning > WARNING_FREQ) { printk_deferred("WARNING: Underflow in clocksource '%s' observed, time update ignored.\n", name); printk_deferred(" Please report this, consider using a different clocksource, if possible.\n"); printk_deferred(" Your kernel is probably still fine.\n"); tk->last_warning = jiffies; } tk->underflow_seen = 0; } if (tk->overflow_seen) { if (jiffies - tk->last_warning > WARNING_FREQ) { printk_deferred("WARNING: Overflow in clocksource '%s' observed, time update capped.\n", name); printk_deferred(" Please report this, consider using a different clocksource, if possible.\n"); printk_deferred(" Your kernel is probably still fine.\n"); tk->last_warning = jiffies; } tk->overflow_seen = 0; } } static inline u64 timekeeping_get_delta(const struct tk_read_base *tkr) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; u64 now, last, mask, max, delta; unsigned int seq; /* * Since we're called holding a seqcount, the data may shift * under us while we're doing the calculation. This can cause * false positives, since we'd note a problem but throw the * results away. So nest another seqcount here to atomically * grab the points we are checking with. */ do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); now = tk_clock_read(tkr); last = tkr->cycle_last; mask = tkr->mask; max = tkr->clock->max_cycles; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); delta = clocksource_delta(now, last, mask); /* * Try to catch underflows by checking if we are seeing small * mask-relative negative values. */ if (unlikely((~delta & mask) < (mask >> 3))) { tk->underflow_seen = 1; delta = 0; } /* Cap delta value to the max_cycles values to avoid mult overflows */ if (unlikely(delta > max)) { tk->overflow_seen = 1; delta = tkr->clock->max_cycles; } return delta; } #else static inline void timekeeping_check_update(struct timekeeper *tk, u64 offset) { } static inline u64 timekeeping_get_delta(const struct tk_read_base *tkr) { u64 cycle_now, delta; /* read clocksource */ cycle_now = tk_clock_read(tkr); /* calculate the delta since the last update_wall_time */ delta = clocksource_delta(cycle_now, tkr->cycle_last, tkr->mask); return delta; } #endif /** * tk_setup_internals - Set up internals to use clocksource clock. * * @tk: The target timekeeper to setup. * @clock: Pointer to clocksource. * * Calculates a fixed cycle/nsec interval for a given clocksource/adjustment * pair and interval request. * * Unless you're the timekeeping code, you should not be using this! */ static void tk_setup_internals(struct timekeeper *tk, struct clocksource *clock) { u64 interval; u64 tmp, ntpinterval; struct clocksource *old_clock; ++tk->cs_was_changed_seq; old_clock = tk->tkr_mono.clock; tk->tkr_mono.clock = clock; tk->tkr_mono.mask = clock->mask; tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last = tk_clock_read(&tk->tkr_mono); tk->tkr_raw.clock = clock; tk->tkr_raw.mask = clock->mask; tk->tkr_raw.cycle_last = tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last; /* Do the ns -> cycle conversion first, using original mult */ tmp = NTP_INTERVAL_LENGTH; tmp <<= clock->shift; ntpinterval = tmp; tmp += clock->mult/2; do_div(tmp, clock->mult); if (tmp == 0) tmp = 1; interval = (u64) tmp; tk->cycle_interval = interval; /* Go back from cycles -> shifted ns */ tk->xtime_interval = interval * clock->mult; tk->xtime_remainder = ntpinterval - tk->xtime_interval; tk->raw_interval = interval * clock->mult; /* if changing clocks, convert xtime_nsec shift units */ if (old_clock) { int shift_change = clock->shift - old_clock->shift; if (shift_change < 0) { tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec >>= -shift_change; tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec >>= -shift_change; } else { tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec <<= shift_change; tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec <<= shift_change; } } tk->tkr_mono.shift = clock->shift; tk->tkr_raw.shift = clock->shift; tk->ntp_error = 0; tk->ntp_error_shift = NTP_SCALE_SHIFT - clock->shift; tk->ntp_tick = ntpinterval << tk->ntp_error_shift; /* * The timekeeper keeps its own mult values for the currently * active clocksource. These value will be adjusted via NTP * to counteract clock drifting. */ tk->tkr_mono.mult = clock->mult; tk->tkr_raw.mult = clock->mult; tk->ntp_err_mult = 0; tk->skip_second_overflow = 0; } /* Timekeeper helper functions. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_GETTIMEOFFSET static u32 default_arch_gettimeoffset(void) { return 0; } u32 (*arch_gettimeoffset)(void) = default_arch_gettimeoffset; #else static inline u32 arch_gettimeoffset(void) { return 0; } #endif static inline u64 timekeeping_delta_to_ns(const struct tk_read_base *tkr, u64 delta) { u64 nsec; nsec = delta * tkr->mult + tkr->xtime_nsec; nsec >>= tkr->shift; /* If arch requires, add in get_arch_timeoffset() */ return nsec + arch_gettimeoffset(); } static inline u64 timekeeping_get_ns(const struct tk_read_base *tkr) { u64 delta; delta = timekeeping_get_delta(tkr); return timekeeping_delta_to_ns(tkr, delta); } static inline u64 timekeeping_cycles_to_ns(const struct tk_read_base *tkr, u64 cycles) { u64 delta; /* calculate the delta since the last update_wall_time */ delta = clocksource_delta(cycles, tkr->cycle_last, tkr->mask); return timekeeping_delta_to_ns(tkr, delta); } /** * update_fast_timekeeper - Update the fast and NMI safe monotonic timekeeper. * @tkr: Timekeeping readout base from which we take the update * * We want to use this from any context including NMI and tracing / * instrumenting the timekeeping code itself. * * Employ the latch technique; see @raw_write_seqcount_latch. * * So if a NMI hits the update of base[0] then it will use base[1] * which is still consistent. In the worst case this can result is a * slightly wrong timestamp (a few nanoseconds). See * @ktime_get_mono_fast_ns. */ static void update_fast_timekeeper(const struct tk_read_base *tkr, struct tk_fast *tkf) { struct tk_read_base *base = tkf->base; /* Force readers off to base[1] */ raw_write_seqcount_latch(&tkf->seq); /* Update base[0] */ memcpy(base, tkr, sizeof(*base)); /* Force readers back to base[0] */ raw_write_seqcount_latch(&tkf->seq); /* Update base[1] */ memcpy(base + 1, base, sizeof(*base)); } /** * ktime_get_mono_fast_ns - Fast NMI safe access to clock monotonic * * This timestamp is not guaranteed to be monotonic across an update. * The timestamp is calculated by: * * now = base_mono + clock_delta * slope * * So if the update lowers the slope, readers who are forced to the * not yet updated second array are still using the old steeper slope. * * tmono * ^ * | o n * | o n * | u * | o * |o * |12345678---> reader order * * o = old slope * u = update * n = new slope * * So reader 6 will observe time going backwards versus reader 5. * * While other CPUs are likely to be able observe that, the only way * for a CPU local observation is when an NMI hits in the middle of * the update. Timestamps taken from that NMI context might be ahead * of the following timestamps. Callers need to be aware of that and * deal with it. */ static __always_inline u64 __ktime_get_fast_ns(struct tk_fast *tkf) { struct tk_read_base *tkr; unsigned int seq; u64 now; do { seq = raw_read_seqcount_latch(&tkf->seq); tkr = tkf->base + (seq & 0x01); now = ktime_to_ns(tkr->base); now += timekeeping_delta_to_ns(tkr, clocksource_delta( tk_clock_read(tkr), tkr->cycle_last, tkr->mask)); } while (read_seqcount_latch_retry(&tkf->seq, seq)); return now; } u64 ktime_get_mono_fast_ns(void) { return __ktime_get_fast_ns(&tk_fast_mono); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_mono_fast_ns); u64 ktime_get_raw_fast_ns(void) { return __ktime_get_fast_ns(&tk_fast_raw); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_raw_fast_ns); /** * ktime_get_boot_fast_ns - NMI safe and fast access to boot clock. * * To keep it NMI safe since we're accessing from tracing, we're not using a * separate timekeeper with updates to monotonic clock and boot offset * protected with seqcounts. This has the following minor side effects: * * (1) Its possible that a timestamp be taken after the boot offset is updated * but before the timekeeper is updated. If this happens, the new boot offset * is added to the old timekeeping making the clock appear to update slightly * earlier: * CPU 0 CPU 1 * timekeeping_inject_sleeptime64() * __timekeeping_inject_sleeptime(tk, delta); * timestamp(); * timekeeping_update(tk, TK_CLEAR_NTP...); * * (2) On 32-bit systems, the 64-bit boot offset (tk->offs_boot) may be * partially updated. Since the tk->offs_boot update is a rare event, this * should be a rare occurrence which postprocessing should be able to handle. */ u64 notrace ktime_get_boot_fast_ns(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; return (ktime_get_mono_fast_ns() + ktime_to_ns(tk->offs_boot)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_boot_fast_ns); /* * See comment for __ktime_get_fast_ns() vs. timestamp ordering */ static __always_inline u64 __ktime_get_real_fast(struct tk_fast *tkf, u64 *mono) { struct tk_read_base *tkr; u64 basem, baser, delta; unsigned int seq; do { seq = raw_read_seqcount_latch(&tkf->seq); tkr = tkf->base + (seq & 0x01); basem = ktime_to_ns(tkr->base); baser = ktime_to_ns(tkr->base_real); delta = timekeeping_delta_to_ns(tkr, clocksource_delta(tk_clock_read(tkr), tkr->cycle_last, tkr->mask)); } while (read_seqcount_latch_retry(&tkf->seq, seq)); if (mono) *mono = basem + delta; return baser + delta; } /** * ktime_get_real_fast_ns: - NMI safe and fast access to clock realtime. */ u64 ktime_get_real_fast_ns(void) { return __ktime_get_real_fast(&tk_fast_mono, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_real_fast_ns); /** * ktime_get_fast_timestamps: - NMI safe timestamps * @snapshot: Pointer to timestamp storage * * Stores clock monotonic, boottime and realtime timestamps. * * Boot time is a racy access on 32bit systems if the sleep time injection * happens late during resume and not in timekeeping_resume(). That could * be avoided by expanding struct tk_read_base with boot offset for 32bit * and adding more overhead to the update. As this is a hard to observe * once per resume event which can be filtered with reasonable effort using * the accurate mono/real timestamps, it's probably not worth the trouble. * * Aside of that it might be possible on 32 and 64 bit to observe the * following when the sleep time injection happens late: * * CPU 0 CPU 1 * timekeeping_resume() * ktime_get_fast_timestamps() * mono, real = __ktime_get_real_fast() * inject_sleep_time() * update boot offset * boot = mono + bootoffset; * * That means that boot time already has the sleep time adjustment, but * real time does not. On the next readout both are in sync again. * * Preventing this for 64bit is not really feasible without destroying the * careful cache layout of the timekeeper because the sequence count and * struct tk_read_base would then need two cache lines instead of one. * * Access to the time keeper clock source is disabled accross the innermost * steps of suspend/resume. The accessors still work, but the timestamps * are frozen until time keeping is resumed which happens very early. * * For regular suspend/resume there is no observable difference vs. sched * clock, but it might affect some of the nasty low level debug printks. * * OTOH, access to sched clock is not guaranteed accross suspend/resume on * all systems either so it depends on the hardware in use. * * If that turns out to be a real problem then this could be mitigated by * using sched clock in a similar way as during early boot. But it's not as * trivial as on early boot because it needs some careful protection * against the clock monotonic timestamp jumping backwards on resume. */ void ktime_get_fast_timestamps(struct ktime_timestamps *snapshot) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; snapshot->real = __ktime_get_real_fast(&tk_fast_mono, &snapshot->mono); snapshot->boot = snapshot->mono + ktime_to_ns(data_race(tk->offs_boot)); } /** * halt_fast_timekeeper - Prevent fast timekeeper from accessing clocksource. * @tk: Timekeeper to snapshot. * * It generally is unsafe to access the clocksource after timekeeping has been * suspended, so take a snapshot of the readout base of @tk and use it as the * fast timekeeper's readout base while suspended. It will return the same * number of cycles every time until timekeeping is resumed at which time the * proper readout base for the fast timekeeper will be restored automatically. */ static void halt_fast_timekeeper(const struct timekeeper *tk) { static struct tk_read_base tkr_dummy; const struct tk_read_base *tkr = &tk->tkr_mono; memcpy(&tkr_dummy, tkr, sizeof(tkr_dummy)); cycles_at_suspend = tk_clock_read(tkr); tkr_dummy.clock = &dummy_clock; tkr_dummy.base_real = tkr->base + tk->offs_real; update_fast_timekeeper(&tkr_dummy, &tk_fast_mono); tkr = &tk->tkr_raw; memcpy(&tkr_dummy, tkr, sizeof(tkr_dummy)); tkr_dummy.clock = &dummy_clock; update_fast_timekeeper(&tkr_dummy, &tk_fast_raw); } static RAW_NOTIFIER_HEAD(pvclock_gtod_chain); static void update_pvclock_gtod(struct timekeeper *tk, bool was_set) { raw_notifier_call_chain(&pvclock_gtod_chain, was_set, tk); } /** * pvclock_gtod_register_notifier - register a pvclock timedata update listener */ int pvclock_gtod_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned long flags; int ret; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); ret = raw_notifier_chain_register(&pvclock_gtod_chain, nb); update_pvclock_gtod(tk, true); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pvclock_gtod_register_notifier); /** * pvclock_gtod_unregister_notifier - unregister a pvclock * timedata update listener */ int pvclock_gtod_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) { unsigned long flags; int ret; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); ret = raw_notifier_chain_unregister(&pvclock_gtod_chain, nb); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pvclock_gtod_unregister_notifier); /* * tk_update_leap_state - helper to update the next_leap_ktime */ static inline void tk_update_leap_state(struct timekeeper *tk) { tk->next_leap_ktime = ntp_get_next_leap(); if (tk->next_leap_ktime != KTIME_MAX) /* Convert to monotonic time */ tk->next_leap_ktime = ktime_sub(tk->next_leap_ktime, tk->offs_real); } /* * Update the ktime_t based scalar nsec members of the timekeeper */ static inline void tk_update_ktime_data(struct timekeeper *tk) { u64 seconds; u32 nsec; /* * The xtime based monotonic readout is: * nsec = (xtime_sec + wtm_sec) * 1e9 + wtm_nsec + now(); * The ktime based monotonic readout is: * nsec = base_mono + now(); * ==> base_mono = (xtime_sec + wtm_sec) * 1e9 + wtm_nsec */ seconds = (u64)(tk->xtime_sec + tk->wall_to_monotonic.tv_sec); nsec = (u32) tk->wall_to_monotonic.tv_nsec; tk->tkr_mono.base = ns_to_ktime(seconds * NSEC_PER_SEC + nsec); /* * The sum of the nanoseconds portions of xtime and * wall_to_monotonic can be greater/equal one second. Take * this into account before updating tk->ktime_sec. */ nsec += (u32)(tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec >> tk->tkr_mono.shift); if (nsec >= NSEC_PER_SEC) seconds++; tk->ktime_sec = seconds; /* Update the monotonic raw base */ tk->tkr_raw.base = ns_to_ktime(tk->raw_sec * NSEC_PER_SEC); } /* must hold timekeeper_lock */ static void timekeeping_update(struct timekeeper *tk, unsigned int action) { if (action & TK_CLEAR_NTP) { tk->ntp_error = 0; ntp_clear(); } tk_update_leap_state(tk); tk_update_ktime_data(tk); update_vsyscall(tk); update_pvclock_gtod(tk, action & TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET); tk->tkr_mono.base_real = tk->tkr_mono.base + tk->offs_real; update_fast_timekeeper(&tk->tkr_mono, &tk_fast_mono); update_fast_timekeeper(&tk->tkr_raw, &tk_fast_raw); if (action & TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET) tk->clock_was_set_seq++; /* * The mirroring of the data to the shadow-timekeeper needs * to happen last here to ensure we don't over-write the * timekeeper structure on the next update with stale data */ if (action & TK_MIRROR) memcpy(&shadow_timekeeper, &tk_core.timekeeper, sizeof(tk_core.timekeeper)); } /** * timekeeping_forward_now - update clock to the current time * * Forward the current clock to update its state since the last call to * update_wall_time(). This is useful before significant clock changes, * as it avoids having to deal with this time offset explicitly. */ static void timekeeping_forward_now(struct timekeeper *tk) { u64 cycle_now, delta; cycle_now = tk_clock_read(&tk->tkr_mono); delta = clocksource_delta(cycle_now, tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last, tk->tkr_mono.mask); tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last = cycle_now; tk->tkr_raw.cycle_last = cycle_now; tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec += delta * tk->tkr_mono.mult; /* If arch requires, add in get_arch_timeoffset() */ tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec += (u64)arch_gettimeoffset() << tk->tkr_mono.shift; tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec += delta * tk->tkr_raw.mult; /* If arch requires, add in get_arch_timeoffset() */ tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec += (u64)arch_gettimeoffset() << tk->tkr_raw.shift; tk_normalize_xtime(tk); } /** * ktime_get_real_ts64 - Returns the time of day in a timespec64. * @ts: pointer to the timespec to be set * * Returns the time of day in a timespec64 (WARN if suspended). */ void ktime_get_real_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; u64 nsecs; WARN_ON(timekeeping_suspended); do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); ts->tv_sec = tk->xtime_sec; nsecs = timekeeping_get_ns(&tk->tkr_mono); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); ts->tv_nsec = 0; timespec64_add_ns(ts, nsecs); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ktime_get_real_ts64); ktime_t ktime_get(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; ktime_t base; u64 nsecs; WARN_ON(timekeeping_suspended); do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); base = tk->tkr_mono.base; nsecs = timekeeping_get_ns(&tk->tkr_mono); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return ktime_add_ns(base, nsecs); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get); u32 ktime_get_resolution_ns(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; u32 nsecs; WARN_ON(timekeeping_suspended); do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); nsecs = tk->tkr_mono.mult >> tk->tkr_mono.shift; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return nsecs; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_resolution_ns); static ktime_t *offsets[TK_OFFS_MAX] = { [TK_OFFS_REAL] = &tk_core.timekeeper.offs_real, [TK_OFFS_BOOT] = &tk_core.timekeeper.offs_boot, [TK_OFFS_TAI] = &tk_core.timekeeper.offs_tai, }; ktime_t ktime_get_with_offset(enum tk_offsets offs) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; ktime_t base, *offset = offsets[offs]; u64 nsecs; WARN_ON(timekeeping_suspended); do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); base = ktime_add(tk->tkr_mono.base, *offset); nsecs = timekeeping_get_ns(&tk->tkr_mono); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return ktime_add_ns(base, nsecs); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_with_offset); ktime_t ktime_get_coarse_with_offset(enum tk_offsets offs) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; ktime_t base, *offset = offsets[offs]; u64 nsecs; WARN_ON(timekeeping_suspended); do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); base = ktime_add(tk->tkr_mono.base, *offset); nsecs = tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec >> tk->tkr_mono.shift; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return ktime_add_ns(base, nsecs); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_coarse_with_offset); /** * ktime_mono_to_any() - convert mononotic time to any other time * @tmono: time to convert. * @offs: which offset to use */ ktime_t ktime_mono_to_any(ktime_t tmono, enum tk_offsets offs) { ktime_t *offset = offsets[offs]; unsigned int seq; ktime_t tconv; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); tconv = ktime_add(tmono, *offset); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return tconv; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_mono_to_any); /** * ktime_get_raw - Returns the raw monotonic time in ktime_t format */ ktime_t ktime_get_raw(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; ktime_t base; u64 nsecs; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); base = tk->tkr_raw.base; nsecs = timekeeping_get_ns(&tk->tkr_raw); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return ktime_add_ns(base, nsecs); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_raw); /** * ktime_get_ts64 - get the monotonic clock in timespec64 format * @ts: pointer to timespec variable * * The function calculates the monotonic clock from the realtime * clock and the wall_to_monotonic offset and stores the result * in normalized timespec64 format in the variable pointed to by @ts. */ void ktime_get_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; struct timespec64 tomono; unsigned int seq; u64 nsec; WARN_ON(timekeeping_suspended); do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); ts->tv_sec = tk->xtime_sec; nsec = timekeeping_get_ns(&tk->tkr_mono); tomono = tk->wall_to_monotonic; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); ts->tv_sec += tomono.tv_sec; ts->tv_nsec = 0; timespec64_add_ns(ts, nsec + tomono.tv_nsec); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_ts64); /** * ktime_get_seconds - Get the seconds portion of CLOCK_MONOTONIC * * Returns the seconds portion of CLOCK_MONOTONIC with a single non * serialized read. tk->ktime_sec is of type 'unsigned long' so this * works on both 32 and 64 bit systems. On 32 bit systems the readout * covers ~136 years of uptime which should be enough to prevent * premature wrap arounds. */ time64_t ktime_get_seconds(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; WARN_ON(timekeeping_suspended); return tk->ktime_sec; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_seconds); /** * ktime_get_real_seconds - Get the seconds portion of CLOCK_REALTIME * * Returns the wall clock seconds since 1970. This replaces the * get_seconds() interface which is not y2038 safe on 32bit systems. * * For 64bit systems the fast access to tk->xtime_sec is preserved. On * 32bit systems the access must be protected with the sequence * counter to provide "atomic" access to the 64bit tk->xtime_sec * value. */ time64_t ktime_get_real_seconds(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; time64_t seconds; unsigned int seq; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_64BIT)) return tk->xtime_sec; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); seconds = tk->xtime_sec; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return seconds; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_real_seconds); /** * __ktime_get_real_seconds - The same as ktime_get_real_seconds * but without the sequence counter protect. This internal function * is called just when timekeeping lock is already held. */ noinstr time64_t __ktime_get_real_seconds(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; return tk->xtime_sec; } /** * ktime_get_snapshot - snapshots the realtime/monotonic raw clocks with counter * @systime_snapshot: pointer to struct receiving the system time snapshot */ void ktime_get_snapshot(struct system_time_snapshot *systime_snapshot) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; ktime_t base_raw; ktime_t base_real; u64 nsec_raw; u64 nsec_real; u64 now; WARN_ON_ONCE(timekeeping_suspended); do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); now = tk_clock_read(&tk->tkr_mono); systime_snapshot->cs_was_changed_seq = tk->cs_was_changed_seq; systime_snapshot->clock_was_set_seq = tk->clock_was_set_seq; base_real = ktime_add(tk->tkr_mono.base, tk_core.timekeeper.offs_real); base_raw = tk->tkr_raw.base; nsec_real = timekeeping_cycles_to_ns(&tk->tkr_mono, now); nsec_raw = timekeeping_cycles_to_ns(&tk->tkr_raw, now); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); systime_snapshot->cycles = now; systime_snapshot->real = ktime_add_ns(base_real, nsec_real); systime_snapshot->raw = ktime_add_ns(base_raw, nsec_raw); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ktime_get_snapshot); /* Scale base by mult/div checking for overflow */ static int scale64_check_overflow(u64 mult, u64 div, u64 *base) { u64 tmp, rem; tmp = div64_u64_rem(*base, div, &rem); if (((int)sizeof(u64)*8 - fls64(mult) < fls64(tmp)) || ((int)sizeof(u64)*8 - fls64(mult) < fls64(rem))) return -EOVERFLOW; tmp *= mult; rem = div64_u64(rem * mult, div); *base = tmp + rem; return 0; } /** * adjust_historical_crosststamp - adjust crosstimestamp previous to current interval * @history: Snapshot representing start of history * @partial_history_cycles: Cycle offset into history (fractional part) * @total_history_cycles: Total history length in cycles * @discontinuity: True indicates clock was set on history period * @ts: Cross timestamp that should be adjusted using * partial/total ratio * * Helper function used by get_device_system_crosststamp() to correct the * crosstimestamp corresponding to the start of the current interval to the * system counter value (timestamp point) provided by the driver. The * total_history_* quantities are the total history starting at the provided * reference point and ending at the start of the current interval. The cycle * count between the driver timestamp point and the start of the current * interval is partial_history_cycles. */ static int adjust_historical_crosststamp(struct system_time_snapshot *history, u64 partial_history_cycles, u64 total_history_cycles, bool discontinuity, struct system_device_crosststamp *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; u64 corr_raw, corr_real; bool interp_forward; int ret; if (total_history_cycles == 0 || partial_history_cycles == 0) return 0; /* Interpolate shortest distance from beginning or end of history */ interp_forward = partial_history_cycles > total_history_cycles / 2; partial_history_cycles = interp_forward ? total_history_cycles - partial_history_cycles : partial_history_cycles; /* * Scale the monotonic raw time delta by: * partial_history_cycles / total_history_cycles */ corr_raw = (u64)ktime_to_ns( ktime_sub(ts->sys_monoraw, history->raw)); ret = scale64_check_overflow(partial_history_cycles, total_history_cycles, &corr_raw); if (ret) return ret; /* * If there is a discontinuity in the history, scale monotonic raw * correction by: * mult(real)/mult(raw) yielding the realtime correction * Otherwise, calculate the realtime correction similar to monotonic * raw calculation */ if (discontinuity) { corr_real = mul_u64_u32_div (corr_raw, tk->tkr_mono.mult, tk->tkr_raw.mult); } else { corr_real = (u64)ktime_to_ns( ktime_sub(ts->sys_realtime, history->real)); ret = scale64_check_overflow(partial_history_cycles, total_history_cycles, &corr_real); if (ret) return ret; } /* Fixup monotonic raw and real time time values */ if (interp_forward) { ts->sys_monoraw = ktime_add_ns(history->raw, corr_raw); ts->sys_realtime = ktime_add_ns(history->real, corr_real); } else { ts->sys_monoraw = ktime_sub_ns(ts->sys_monoraw, corr_raw); ts->sys_realtime = ktime_sub_ns(ts->sys_realtime, corr_real); } return 0; } /* * cycle_between - true if test occurs chronologically between before and after */ static bool cycle_between(u64 before, u64 test, u64 after) { if (test > before && test < after) return true; if (test < before && before > after) return true; return false; } /** * get_device_system_crosststamp - Synchronously capture system/device timestamp * @get_time_fn: Callback to get simultaneous device time and * system counter from the device driver * @ctx: Context passed to get_time_fn() * @history_begin: Historical reference point used to interpolate system * time when counter provided by the driver is before the current interval * @xtstamp: Receives simultaneously captured system and device time * * Reads a timestamp from a device and correlates it to system time */ int get_device_system_crosststamp(int (*get_time_fn) (ktime_t *device_time, struct system_counterval_t *sys_counterval, void *ctx), void *ctx, struct system_time_snapshot *history_begin, struct system_device_crosststamp *xtstamp) { struct system_counterval_t system_counterval; struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; u64 cycles, now, interval_start; unsigned int clock_was_set_seq = 0; ktime_t base_real, base_raw; u64 nsec_real, nsec_raw; u8 cs_was_changed_seq; unsigned int seq; bool do_interp; int ret; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); /* * Try to synchronously capture device time and a system * counter value calling back into the device driver */ ret = get_time_fn(&xtstamp->device, &system_counterval, ctx); if (ret) return ret; /* * Verify that the clocksource associated with the captured * system counter value is the same as the currently installed * timekeeper clocksource */ if (tk->tkr_mono.clock != system_counterval.cs) return -ENODEV; cycles = system_counterval.cycles; /* * Check whether the system counter value provided by the * device driver is on the current timekeeping interval. */ now = tk_clock_read(&tk->tkr_mono); interval_start = tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last; if (!cycle_between(interval_start, cycles, now)) { clock_was_set_seq = tk->clock_was_set_seq; cs_was_changed_seq = tk->cs_was_changed_seq; cycles = interval_start; do_interp = true; } else { do_interp = false; } base_real = ktime_add(tk->tkr_mono.base, tk_core.timekeeper.offs_real); base_raw = tk->tkr_raw.base; nsec_real = timekeeping_cycles_to_ns(&tk->tkr_mono, system_counterval.cycles); nsec_raw = timekeeping_cycles_to_ns(&tk->tkr_raw, system_counterval.cycles); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); xtstamp->sys_realtime = ktime_add_ns(base_real, nsec_real); xtstamp->sys_monoraw = ktime_add_ns(base_raw, nsec_raw); /* * Interpolate if necessary, adjusting back from the start of the * current interval */ if (do_interp) { u64 partial_history_cycles, total_history_cycles; bool discontinuity; /* * Check that the counter value occurs after the provided * history reference and that the history doesn't cross a * clocksource change */ if (!history_begin || !cycle_between(history_begin->cycles, system_counterval.cycles, cycles) || history_begin->cs_was_changed_seq != cs_was_changed_seq) return -EINVAL; partial_history_cycles = cycles - system_counterval.cycles; total_history_cycles = cycles - history_begin->cycles; discontinuity = history_begin->clock_was_set_seq != clock_was_set_seq; ret = adjust_historical_crosststamp(history_begin, partial_history_cycles, total_history_cycles, discontinuity, xtstamp); if (ret) return ret; } return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_device_system_crosststamp); /** * do_settimeofday64 - Sets the time of day. * @ts: pointer to the timespec64 variable containing the new time * * Sets the time of day to the new time and update NTP and notify hrtimers */ int do_settimeofday64(const struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; struct timespec64 ts_delta, xt; unsigned long flags; int ret = 0; if (!timespec64_valid_settod(ts)) return -EINVAL; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); timekeeping_forward_now(tk); xt = tk_xtime(tk); ts_delta = timespec64_sub(*ts, xt); if (timespec64_compare(&tk->wall_to_monotonic, &ts_delta) > 0) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } tk_set_wall_to_mono(tk, timespec64_sub(tk->wall_to_monotonic, ts_delta)); tk_set_xtime(tk, ts); out: timekeeping_update(tk, TK_CLEAR_NTP | TK_MIRROR | TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); /* signal hrtimers about time change */ clock_was_set(); if (!ret) audit_tk_injoffset(ts_delta); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(do_settimeofday64); /** * timekeeping_inject_offset - Adds or subtracts from the current time. * @tv: pointer to the timespec variable containing the offset * * Adds or subtracts an offset value from the current time. */ static int timekeeping_inject_offset(const struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned long flags; struct timespec64 tmp; int ret = 0; if (ts->tv_nsec < 0 || ts->tv_nsec >= NSEC_PER_SEC) return -EINVAL; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); timekeeping_forward_now(tk); /* Make sure the proposed value is valid */ tmp = timespec64_add(tk_xtime(tk), *ts); if (timespec64_compare(&tk->wall_to_monotonic, ts) > 0 || !timespec64_valid_settod(&tmp)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto error; } tk_xtime_add(tk, ts); tk_set_wall_to_mono(tk, timespec64_sub(tk->wall_to_monotonic, *ts)); error: /* even if we error out, we forwarded the time, so call update */ timekeeping_update(tk, TK_CLEAR_NTP | TK_MIRROR | TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); /* signal hrtimers about time change */ clock_was_set(); return ret; } /* * Indicates if there is an offset between the system clock and the hardware * clock/persistent clock/rtc. */ int persistent_clock_is_local; /* * Adjust the time obtained from the CMOS to be UTC time instead of * local time. * * This is ugly, but preferable to the alternatives. Otherwise we * would either need to write a program to do it in /etc/rc (and risk * confusion if the program gets run more than once; it would also be * hard to make the program warp the clock precisely n hours) or * compile in the timezone information into the kernel. Bad, bad.... * * - TYT, 1992-01-01 * * The best thing to do is to keep the CMOS clock in universal time (UTC) * as real UNIX machines always do it. This avoids all headaches about * daylight saving times and warping kernel clocks. */ void timekeeping_warp_clock(void) { if (sys_tz.tz_minuteswest != 0) { struct timespec64 adjust; persistent_clock_is_local = 1; adjust.tv_sec = sys_tz.tz_minuteswest * 60; adjust.tv_nsec = 0; timekeeping_inject_offset(&adjust); } } /** * __timekeeping_set_tai_offset - Sets the TAI offset from UTC and monotonic * */ static void __timekeeping_set_tai_offset(struct timekeeper *tk, s32 tai_offset) { tk->tai_offset = tai_offset; tk->offs_tai = ktime_add(tk->offs_real, ktime_set(tai_offset, 0)); } /** * change_clocksource - Swaps clocksources if a new one is available * * Accumulates current time interval and initializes new clocksource */ static int change_clocksource(void *data) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; struct clocksource *new, *old; unsigned long flags; new = (struct clocksource *) data; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); timekeeping_forward_now(tk); /* * If the cs is in module, get a module reference. Succeeds * for built-in code (owner == NULL) as well. */ if (try_module_get(new->owner)) { if (!new->enable || new->enable(new) == 0) { old = tk->tkr_mono.clock; tk_setup_internals(tk, new); if (old->disable) old->disable(old); module_put(old->owner); } else { module_put(new->owner); } } timekeeping_update(tk, TK_CLEAR_NTP | TK_MIRROR | TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); return 0; } /** * timekeeping_notify - Install a new clock source * @clock: pointer to the clock source * * This function is called from clocksource.c after a new, better clock * source has been registered. The caller holds the clocksource_mutex. */ int timekeeping_notify(struct clocksource *clock) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; if (tk->tkr_mono.clock == clock) return 0; stop_machine(change_clocksource, clock, NULL); tick_clock_notify(); return tk->tkr_mono.clock == clock ? 0 : -1; } /** * ktime_get_raw_ts64 - Returns the raw monotonic time in a timespec * @ts: pointer to the timespec64 to be set * * Returns the raw monotonic time (completely un-modified by ntp) */ void ktime_get_raw_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; u64 nsecs; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); ts->tv_sec = tk->raw_sec; nsecs = timekeeping_get_ns(&tk->tkr_raw); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); ts->tv_nsec = 0; timespec64_add_ns(ts, nsecs); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ktime_get_raw_ts64); /** * timekeeping_valid_for_hres - Check if timekeeping is suitable for hres */ int timekeeping_valid_for_hres(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; int ret; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); ret = tk->tkr_mono.clock->flags & CLOCK_SOURCE_VALID_FOR_HRES; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return ret; } /** * timekeeping_max_deferment - Returns max time the clocksource can be deferred */ u64 timekeeping_max_deferment(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; u64 ret; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); ret = tk->tkr_mono.clock->max_idle_ns; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return ret; } /** * read_persistent_clock64 - Return time from the persistent clock. * * Weak dummy function for arches that do not yet support it. * Reads the time from the battery backed persistent clock. * Returns a timespec with tv_sec=0 and tv_nsec=0 if unsupported. * * XXX - Do be sure to remove it once all arches implement it. */ void __weak read_persistent_clock64(struct timespec64 *ts) { ts->tv_sec = 0; ts->tv_nsec = 0; } /** * read_persistent_wall_and_boot_offset - Read persistent clock, and also offset * from the boot. * * Weak dummy function for arches that do not yet support it. * wall_time - current time as returned by persistent clock * boot_offset - offset that is defined as wall_time - boot_time * The default function calculates offset based on the current value of * local_clock(). This way architectures that support sched_clock() but don't * support dedicated boot time clock will provide the best estimate of the * boot time. */ void __weak __init read_persistent_wall_and_boot_offset(struct timespec64 *wall_time, struct timespec64 *boot_offset) { read_persistent_clock64(wall_time); *boot_offset = ns_to_timespec64(local_clock()); } /* * Flag reflecting whether timekeeping_resume() has injected sleeptime. * * The flag starts of false and is only set when a suspend reaches * timekeeping_suspend(), timekeeping_resume() sets it to false when the * timekeeper clocksource is not stopping across suspend and has been * used to update sleep time. If the timekeeper clocksource has stopped * then the flag stays true and is used by the RTC resume code to decide * whether sleeptime must be injected and if so the flag gets false then. * * If a suspend fails before reaching timekeeping_resume() then the flag * stays false and prevents erroneous sleeptime injection. */ static bool suspend_timing_needed; /* Flag for if there is a persistent clock on this platform */ static bool persistent_clock_exists; /* * timekeeping_init - Initializes the clocksource and common timekeeping values */ void __init timekeeping_init(void) { struct timespec64 wall_time, boot_offset, wall_to_mono; struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; struct clocksource *clock; unsigned long flags; read_persistent_wall_and_boot_offset(&wall_time, &boot_offset); if (timespec64_valid_settod(&wall_time) && timespec64_to_ns(&wall_time) > 0) { persistent_clock_exists = true; } else if (timespec64_to_ns(&wall_time) != 0) { pr_warn("Persistent clock returned invalid value"); wall_time = (struct timespec64){0}; } if (timespec64_compare(&wall_time, &boot_offset) < 0) boot_offset = (struct timespec64){0}; /* * We want set wall_to_mono, so the following is true: * wall time + wall_to_mono = boot time */ wall_to_mono = timespec64_sub(boot_offset, wall_time); raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); ntp_init(); clock = clocksource_default_clock(); if (clock->enable) clock->enable(clock); tk_setup_internals(tk, clock); tk_set_xtime(tk, &wall_time); tk->raw_sec = 0; tk_set_wall_to_mono(tk, wall_to_mono); timekeeping_update(tk, TK_MIRROR | TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); } /* time in seconds when suspend began for persistent clock */ static struct timespec64 timekeeping_suspend_time; /** * __timekeeping_inject_sleeptime - Internal function to add sleep interval * @delta: pointer to a timespec delta value * * Takes a timespec offset measuring a suspend interval and properly * adds the sleep offset to the timekeeping variables. */ static void __timekeeping_inject_sleeptime(struct timekeeper *tk, const struct timespec64 *delta) { if (!timespec64_valid_strict(delta)) { printk_deferred(KERN_WARNING "__timekeeping_inject_sleeptime: Invalid " "sleep delta value!\n"); return; } tk_xtime_add(tk, delta); tk_set_wall_to_mono(tk, timespec64_sub(tk->wall_to_monotonic, *delta)); tk_update_sleep_time(tk, timespec64_to_ktime(*delta)); tk_debug_account_sleep_time(delta); } #if defined(CONFIG_PM_SLEEP) && defined(CONFIG_RTC_HCTOSYS_DEVICE) /** * We have three kinds of time sources to use for sleep time * injection, the preference order is: * 1) non-stop clocksource * 2) persistent clock (ie: RTC accessible when irqs are off) * 3) RTC * * 1) and 2) are used by timekeeping, 3) by RTC subsystem. * If system has neither 1) nor 2), 3) will be used finally. * * * If timekeeping has injected sleeptime via either 1) or 2), * 3) becomes needless, so in this case we don't need to call * rtc_resume(), and this is what timekeeping_rtc_skipresume() * means. */ bool timekeeping_rtc_skipresume(void) { return !suspend_timing_needed; } /** * 1) can be determined whether to use or not only when doing * timekeeping_resume() which is invoked after rtc_suspend(), * so we can't skip rtc_suspend() surely if system has 1). * * But if system has 2), 2) will definitely be used, so in this * case we don't need to call rtc_suspend(), and this is what * timekeeping_rtc_skipsuspend() means. */ bool timekeeping_rtc_skipsuspend(void) { return persistent_clock_exists; } /** * timekeeping_inject_sleeptime64 - Adds suspend interval to timeekeeping values * @delta: pointer to a timespec64 delta value * * This hook is for architectures that cannot support read_persistent_clock64 * because their RTC/persistent clock is only accessible when irqs are enabled. * and also don't have an effective nonstop clocksource. * * This function should only be called by rtc_resume(), and allows * a suspend offset to be injected into the timekeeping values. */ void timekeeping_inject_sleeptime64(const struct timespec64 *delta) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); suspend_timing_needed = false; timekeeping_forward_now(tk); __timekeeping_inject_sleeptime(tk, delta); timekeeping_update(tk, TK_CLEAR_NTP | TK_MIRROR | TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); /* signal hrtimers about time change */ clock_was_set(); } #endif /** * timekeeping_resume - Resumes the generic timekeeping subsystem. */ void timekeeping_resume(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; struct clocksource *clock = tk->tkr_mono.clock; unsigned long flags; struct timespec64 ts_new, ts_delta; u64 cycle_now, nsec; bool inject_sleeptime = false; read_persistent_clock64(&ts_new); clockevents_resume(); clocksource_resume(); raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); /* * After system resumes, we need to calculate the suspended time and * compensate it for the OS time. There are 3 sources that could be * used: Nonstop clocksource during suspend, persistent clock and rtc * device. * * One specific platform may have 1 or 2 or all of them, and the * preference will be: * suspend-nonstop clocksource -> persistent clock -> rtc * The less preferred source will only be tried if there is no better * usable source. The rtc part is handled separately in rtc core code. */ cycle_now = tk_clock_read(&tk->tkr_mono); nsec = clocksource_stop_suspend_timing(clock, cycle_now); if (nsec > 0) { ts_delta = ns_to_timespec64(nsec); inject_sleeptime = true; } else if (timespec64_compare(&ts_new, &timekeeping_suspend_time) > 0) { ts_delta = timespec64_sub(ts_new, timekeeping_suspend_time); inject_sleeptime = true; } if (inject_sleeptime) { suspend_timing_needed = false; __timekeeping_inject_sleeptime(tk, &ts_delta); } /* Re-base the last cycle value */ tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last = cycle_now; tk->tkr_raw.cycle_last = cycle_now; tk->ntp_error = 0; timekeeping_suspended = 0; timekeeping_update(tk, TK_MIRROR | TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); touch_softlockup_watchdog(); tick_resume(); hrtimers_resume(); } int timekeeping_suspend(void) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned long flags; struct timespec64 delta, delta_delta; static struct timespec64 old_delta; struct clocksource *curr_clock; u64 cycle_now; read_persistent_clock64(&timekeeping_suspend_time); /* * On some systems the persistent_clock can not be detected at * timekeeping_init by its return value, so if we see a valid * value returned, update the persistent_clock_exists flag. */ if (timekeeping_suspend_time.tv_sec || timekeeping_suspend_time.tv_nsec) persistent_clock_exists = true; suspend_timing_needed = true; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); timekeeping_forward_now(tk); timekeeping_suspended = 1; /* * Since we've called forward_now, cycle_last stores the value * just read from the current clocksource. Save this to potentially * use in suspend timing. */ curr_clock = tk->tkr_mono.clock; cycle_now = tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last; clocksource_start_suspend_timing(curr_clock, cycle_now); if (persistent_clock_exists) { /* * To avoid drift caused by repeated suspend/resumes, * which each can add ~1 second drift error, * try to compensate so the difference in system time * and persistent_clock time stays close to constant. */ delta = timespec64_sub(tk_xtime(tk), timekeeping_suspend_time); delta_delta = timespec64_sub(delta, old_delta); if (abs(delta_delta.tv_sec) >= 2) { /* * if delta_delta is too large, assume time correction * has occurred and set old_delta to the current delta. */ old_delta = delta; } else { /* Otherwise try to adjust old_system to compensate */ timekeeping_suspend_time = timespec64_add(timekeeping_suspend_time, delta_delta); } } timekeeping_update(tk, TK_MIRROR); halt_fast_timekeeper(tk); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); tick_suspend(); clocksource_suspend(); clockevents_suspend(); return 0; } /* sysfs resume/suspend bits for timekeeping */ static struct syscore_ops timekeeping_syscore_ops = { .resume = timekeeping_resume, .suspend = timekeeping_suspend, }; static int __init timekeeping_init_ops(void) { register_syscore_ops(&timekeeping_syscore_ops); return 0; } device_initcall(timekeeping_init_ops); /* * Apply a multiplier adjustment to the timekeeper */ static __always_inline void timekeeping_apply_adjustment(struct timekeeper *tk, s64 offset, s32 mult_adj) { s64 interval = tk->cycle_interval; if (mult_adj == 0) { return; } else if (mult_adj == -1) { interval = -interval; offset = -offset; } else if (mult_adj != 1) { interval *= mult_adj; offset *= mult_adj; } /* * So the following can be confusing. * * To keep things simple, lets assume mult_adj == 1 for now. * * When mult_adj != 1, remember that the interval and offset values * have been appropriately scaled so the math is the same. * * The basic idea here is that we're increasing the multiplier * by one, this causes the xtime_interval to be incremented by * one cycle_interval. This is because: * xtime_interval = cycle_interval * mult * So if mult is being incremented by one: * xtime_interval = cycle_interval * (mult + 1) * Its the same as: * xtime_interval = (cycle_interval * mult) + cycle_interval * Which can be shortened to: * xtime_interval += cycle_interval * * So offset stores the non-accumulated cycles. Thus the current * time (in shifted nanoseconds) is: * now = (offset * adj) + xtime_nsec * Now, even though we're adjusting the clock frequency, we have * to keep time consistent. In other words, we can't jump back * in time, and we also want to avoid jumping forward in time. * * So given the same offset value, we need the time to be the same * both before and after the freq adjustment. * now = (offset * adj_1) + xtime_nsec_1 * now = (offset * adj_2) + xtime_nsec_2 * So: * (offset * adj_1) + xtime_nsec_1 = * (offset * adj_2) + xtime_nsec_2 * And we know: * adj_2 = adj_1 + 1 * So: * (offset * adj_1) + xtime_nsec_1 = * (offset * (adj_1+1)) + xtime_nsec_2 * (offset * adj_1) + xtime_nsec_1 = * (offset * adj_1) + offset + xtime_nsec_2 * Canceling the sides: * xtime_nsec_1 = offset + xtime_nsec_2 * Which gives us: * xtime_nsec_2 = xtime_nsec_1 - offset * Which simplfies to: * xtime_nsec -= offset */ if ((mult_adj > 0) && (tk->tkr_mono.mult + mult_adj < mult_adj)) { /* NTP adjustment caused clocksource mult overflow */ WARN_ON_ONCE(1); return; } tk->tkr_mono.mult += mult_adj; tk->xtime_interval += interval; tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec -= offset; } /* * Adjust the timekeeper's multiplier to the correct frequency * and also to reduce the accumulated error value. */ static void timekeeping_adjust(struct timekeeper *tk, s64 offset) { u32 mult; /* * Determine the multiplier from the current NTP tick length. * Avoid expensive division when the tick length doesn't change. */ if (likely(tk->ntp_tick == ntp_tick_length())) { mult = tk->tkr_mono.mult - tk->ntp_err_mult; } else { tk->ntp_tick = ntp_tick_length(); mult = div64_u64((tk->ntp_tick >> tk->ntp_error_shift) - tk->xtime_remainder, tk->cycle_interval); } /* * If the clock is behind the NTP time, increase the multiplier by 1 * to catch up with it. If it's ahead and there was a remainder in the * tick division, the clock will slow down. Otherwise it will stay * ahead until the tick length changes to a non-divisible value. */ tk->ntp_err_mult = tk->ntp_error > 0 ? 1 : 0; mult += tk->ntp_err_mult; timekeeping_apply_adjustment(tk, offset, mult - tk->tkr_mono.mult); if (unlikely(tk->tkr_mono.clock->maxadj && (abs(tk->tkr_mono.mult - tk->tkr_mono.clock->mult) > tk->tkr_mono.clock->maxadj))) { printk_once(KERN_WARNING "Adjusting %s more than 11%% (%ld vs %ld)\n", tk->tkr_mono.clock->name, (long)tk->tkr_mono.mult, (long)tk->tkr_mono.clock->mult + tk->tkr_mono.clock->maxadj); } /* * It may be possible that when we entered this function, xtime_nsec * was very small. Further, if we're slightly speeding the clocksource * in the code above, its possible the required corrective factor to * xtime_nsec could cause it to underflow. * * Now, since we have already accumulated the second and the NTP * subsystem has been notified via second_overflow(), we need to skip * the next update. */ if (unlikely((s64)tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec < 0)) { tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec += (u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << tk->tkr_mono.shift; tk->xtime_sec--; tk->skip_second_overflow = 1; } } /** * accumulate_nsecs_to_secs - Accumulates nsecs into secs * * Helper function that accumulates the nsecs greater than a second * from the xtime_nsec field to the xtime_secs field. * It also calls into the NTP code to handle leapsecond processing. * */ static inline unsigned int accumulate_nsecs_to_secs(struct timekeeper *tk) { u64 nsecps = (u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << tk->tkr_mono.shift; unsigned int clock_set = 0; while (tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec >= nsecps) { int leap; tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec -= nsecps; tk->xtime_sec++; /* * Skip NTP update if this second was accumulated before, * i.e. xtime_nsec underflowed in timekeeping_adjust() */ if (unlikely(tk->skip_second_overflow)) { tk->skip_second_overflow = 0; continue; } /* Figure out if its a leap sec and apply if needed */ leap = second_overflow(tk->xtime_sec); if (unlikely(leap)) { struct timespec64 ts; tk->xtime_sec += leap; ts.tv_sec = leap; ts.tv_nsec = 0; tk_set_wall_to_mono(tk, timespec64_sub(tk->wall_to_monotonic, ts)); __timekeeping_set_tai_offset(tk, tk->tai_offset - leap); clock_set = TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET; } } return clock_set; } /** * logarithmic_accumulation - shifted accumulation of cycles * * This functions accumulates a shifted interval of cycles into * a shifted interval nanoseconds. Allows for O(log) accumulation * loop. * * Returns the unconsumed cycles. */ static u64 logarithmic_accumulation(struct timekeeper *tk, u64 offset, u32 shift, unsigned int *clock_set) { u64 interval = tk->cycle_interval << shift; u64 snsec_per_sec; /* If the offset is smaller than a shifted interval, do nothing */ if (offset < interval) return offset; /* Accumulate one shifted interval */ offset -= interval; tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last += interval; tk->tkr_raw.cycle_last += interval; tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec += tk->xtime_interval << shift; *clock_set |= accumulate_nsecs_to_secs(tk); /* Accumulate raw time */ tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec += tk->raw_interval << shift; snsec_per_sec = (u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << tk->tkr_raw.shift; while (tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec >= snsec_per_sec) { tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec -= snsec_per_sec; tk->raw_sec++; } /* Accumulate error between NTP and clock interval */ tk->ntp_error += tk->ntp_tick << shift; tk->ntp_error -= (tk->xtime_interval + tk->xtime_remainder) << (tk->ntp_error_shift + shift); return offset; } /* * timekeeping_advance - Updates the timekeeper to the current time and * current NTP tick length */ static void timekeeping_advance(enum timekeeping_adv_mode mode) { struct timekeeper *real_tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; struct timekeeper *tk = &shadow_timekeeper; u64 offset; int shift = 0, maxshift; unsigned int clock_set = 0; unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); /* Make sure we're fully resumed: */ if (unlikely(timekeeping_suspended)) goto out; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_GETTIMEOFFSET offset = real_tk->cycle_interval; if (mode != TK_ADV_TICK) goto out; #else offset = clocksource_delta(tk_clock_read(&tk->tkr_mono), tk->tkr_mono.cycle_last, tk->tkr_mono.mask); /* Check if there's really nothing to do */ if (offset < real_tk->cycle_interval && mode == TK_ADV_TICK) goto out; #endif /* Do some additional sanity checking */ timekeeping_check_update(tk, offset); /* * With NO_HZ we may have to accumulate many cycle_intervals * (think "ticks") worth of time at once. To do this efficiently, * we calculate the largest doubling multiple of cycle_intervals * that is smaller than the offset. We then accumulate that * chunk in one go, and then try to consume the next smaller * doubled multiple. */ shift = ilog2(offset) - ilog2(tk->cycle_interval); shift = max(0, shift); /* Bound shift to one less than what overflows tick_length */ maxshift = (64 - (ilog2(ntp_tick_length())+1)) - 1; shift = min(shift, maxshift); while (offset >= tk->cycle_interval) { offset = logarithmic_accumulation(tk, offset, shift, &clock_set); if (offset < tk->cycle_interval<<shift) shift--; } /* Adjust the multiplier to correct NTP error */ timekeeping_adjust(tk, offset); /* * Finally, make sure that after the rounding * xtime_nsec isn't larger than NSEC_PER_SEC */ clock_set |= accumulate_nsecs_to_secs(tk); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); /* * Update the real timekeeper. * * We could avoid this memcpy by switching pointers, but that * requires changes to all other timekeeper usage sites as * well, i.e. move the timekeeper pointer getter into the * spinlocked/seqcount protected sections. And we trade this * memcpy under the tk_core.seq against one before we start * updating. */ timekeeping_update(tk, clock_set); memcpy(real_tk, tk, sizeof(*tk)); /* The memcpy must come last. Do not put anything here! */ write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); out: raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); if (clock_set) /* Have to call _delayed version, since in irq context*/ clock_was_set_delayed(); } /** * update_wall_time - Uses the current clocksource to increment the wall time * */ void update_wall_time(void) { timekeeping_advance(TK_ADV_TICK); } /** * getboottime64 - Return the real time of system boot. * @ts: pointer to the timespec64 to be set * * Returns the wall-time of boot in a timespec64. * * This is based on the wall_to_monotonic offset and the total suspend * time. Calls to settimeofday will affect the value returned (which * basically means that however wrong your real time clock is at boot time, * you get the right time here). */ void getboottime64(struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; ktime_t t = ktime_sub(tk->offs_real, tk->offs_boot); *ts = ktime_to_timespec64(t); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(getboottime64); void ktime_get_coarse_real_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); *ts = tk_xtime(tk); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ktime_get_coarse_real_ts64); void ktime_get_coarse_ts64(struct timespec64 *ts) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; struct timespec64 now, mono; unsigned int seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); now = tk_xtime(tk); mono = tk->wall_to_monotonic; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); set_normalized_timespec64(ts, now.tv_sec + mono.tv_sec, now.tv_nsec + mono.tv_nsec); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(ktime_get_coarse_ts64); /* * Must hold jiffies_lock */ void do_timer(unsigned long ticks) { jiffies_64 += ticks; calc_global_load(); } /** * ktime_get_update_offsets_now - hrtimer helper * @cwsseq: pointer to check and store the clock was set sequence number * @offs_real: pointer to storage for monotonic -> realtime offset * @offs_boot: pointer to storage for monotonic -> boottime offset * @offs_tai: pointer to storage for monotonic -> clock tai offset * * Returns current monotonic time and updates the offsets if the * sequence number in @cwsseq and timekeeper.clock_was_set_seq are * different. * * Called from hrtimer_interrupt() or retrigger_next_event() */ ktime_t ktime_get_update_offsets_now(unsigned int *cwsseq, ktime_t *offs_real, ktime_t *offs_boot, ktime_t *offs_tai) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; unsigned int seq; ktime_t base; u64 nsecs; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); base = tk->tkr_mono.base; nsecs = timekeeping_get_ns(&tk->tkr_mono); base = ktime_add_ns(base, nsecs); if (*cwsseq != tk->clock_was_set_seq) { *cwsseq = tk->clock_was_set_seq; *offs_real = tk->offs_real; *offs_boot = tk->offs_boot; *offs_tai = tk->offs_tai; } /* Handle leapsecond insertion adjustments */ if (unlikely(base >= tk->next_leap_ktime)) *offs_real = ktime_sub(tk->offs_real, ktime_set(1, 0)); } while (read_seqcount_retry(&tk_core.seq, seq)); return base; } /** * timekeeping_validate_timex - Ensures the timex is ok for use in do_adjtimex */ static int timekeeping_validate_timex(const struct __kernel_timex *txc) { if (txc->modes & ADJ_ADJTIME) { /* singleshot must not be used with any other mode bits */ if (!(txc->modes & ADJ_OFFSET_SINGLESHOT)) return -EINVAL; if (!(txc->modes & ADJ_OFFSET_READONLY) && !capable(CAP_SYS_TIME)) return -EPERM; } else { /* In order to modify anything, you gotta be super-user! */ if (txc->modes && !capable(CAP_SYS_TIME)) return -EPERM; /* * if the quartz is off by more than 10% then * something is VERY wrong! */ if (txc->modes & ADJ_TICK && (txc->tick < 900000/USER_HZ || txc->tick > 1100000/USER_HZ)) return -EINVAL; } if (txc->modes & ADJ_SETOFFSET) { /* In order to inject time, you gotta be super-user! */ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_TIME)) return -EPERM; /* * Validate if a timespec/timeval used to inject a time * offset is valid. Offsets can be postive or negative, so * we don't check tv_sec. The value of the timeval/timespec * is the sum of its fields,but *NOTE*: * The field tv_usec/tv_nsec must always be non-negative and * we can't have more nanoseconds/microseconds than a second. */ if (txc->time.tv_usec < 0) return -EINVAL; if (txc->modes & ADJ_NANO) { if (txc->time.tv_usec >= NSEC_PER_SEC) return -EINVAL; } else { if (txc->time.tv_usec >= USEC_PER_SEC) return -EINVAL; } } /* * Check for potential multiplication overflows that can * only happen on 64-bit systems: */ if ((txc->modes & ADJ_FREQUENCY) && (BITS_PER_LONG == 64)) { if (LLONG_MIN / PPM_SCALE > txc->freq) return -EINVAL; if (LLONG_MAX / PPM_SCALE < txc->freq) return -EINVAL; } return 0; } /** * do_adjtimex() - Accessor function to NTP __do_adjtimex function */ int do_adjtimex(struct __kernel_timex *txc) { struct timekeeper *tk = &tk_core.timekeeper; struct audit_ntp_data ad; unsigned long flags; struct timespec64 ts; s32 orig_tai, tai; int ret; /* Validate the data before disabling interrupts */ ret = timekeeping_validate_timex(txc); if (ret) return ret; if (txc->modes & ADJ_SETOFFSET) { struct timespec64 delta; delta.tv_sec = txc->time.tv_sec; delta.tv_nsec = txc->time.tv_usec; if (!(txc->modes & ADJ_NANO)) delta.tv_nsec *= 1000; ret = timekeeping_inject_offset(&delta); if (ret) return ret; audit_tk_injoffset(delta); } audit_ntp_init(&ad); ktime_get_real_ts64(&ts); raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); orig_tai = tai = tk->tai_offset; ret = __do_adjtimex(txc, &ts, &tai, &ad); if (tai != orig_tai) { __timekeeping_set_tai_offset(tk, tai); timekeeping_update(tk, TK_MIRROR | TK_CLOCK_WAS_SET); } tk_update_leap_state(tk); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); audit_ntp_log(&ad); /* Update the multiplier immediately if frequency was set directly */ if (txc->modes & (ADJ_FREQUENCY | ADJ_TICK)) timekeeping_advance(TK_ADV_FREQ); if (tai != orig_tai) clock_was_set(); ntp_notify_cmos_timer(); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_NTP_PPS /** * hardpps() - Accessor function to NTP __hardpps function */ void hardpps(const struct timespec64 *phase_ts, const struct timespec64 *raw_ts) { unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&timekeeper_lock, flags); write_seqcount_begin(&tk_core.seq); __hardpps(phase_ts, raw_ts); write_seqcount_end(&tk_core.seq); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&timekeeper_lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(hardpps); #endif /* CONFIG_NTP_PPS */ /** * xtime_update() - advances the timekeeping infrastructure * @ticks: number of ticks, that have elapsed since the last call. * * Must be called with interrupts disabled. */ void xtime_update(unsigned long ticks) { raw_spin_lock(&jiffies_lock); write_seqcount_begin(&jiffies_seq); do_timer(ticks); write_seqcount_end(&jiffies_seq); raw_spin_unlock(&jiffies_lock); update_wall_time(); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_TRACE_EVENT_H #define _LINUX_TRACE_EVENT_H #include <linux/ring_buffer.h> #include <linux/trace_seq.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> struct trace_array; struct array_buffer; struct tracer; struct dentry; struct bpf_prog; const char *trace_print_flags_seq(struct trace_seq *p, const char *delim, unsigned long flags, const struct trace_print_flags *flag_array); const char *trace_print_symbols_seq(struct trace_seq *p, unsigned long val, const struct trace_print_flags *symbol_array); #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 const char *trace_print_flags_seq_u64(struct trace_seq *p, const char *delim, unsigned long long flags, const struct trace_print_flags_u64 *flag_array); const char *trace_print_symbols_seq_u64(struct trace_seq *p, unsigned long long val, const struct trace_print_flags_u64 *symbol_array); #endif const char *trace_print_bitmask_seq(struct trace_seq *p, void *bitmask_ptr, unsigned int bitmask_size); const char *trace_print_hex_seq(struct trace_seq *p, const unsigned char *buf, int len, bool concatenate); const char *trace_print_array_seq(struct trace_seq *p, const void *buf, int count, size_t el_size); const char * trace_print_hex_dump_seq(struct trace_seq *p, const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type, int rowsize, int groupsize, const void *buf, size_t len, bool ascii); struct trace_iterator; struct trace_event; int trace_raw_output_prep(struct trace_iterator *iter, struct trace_event *event); /* * The trace entry - the most basic unit of tracing. This is what * is printed in the end as a single line in the trace output, such as: * * bash-15816 [01] 235.197585: idle_cpu <- irq_enter */ struct trace_entry { unsigned short type; unsigned char flags; unsigned char preempt_count; int pid; }; #define TRACE_EVENT_TYPE_MAX \ ((1 << (sizeof(((struct trace_entry *)0)->type) * 8)) - 1) /* * Trace iterator - used by printout routines who present trace * results to users and which routines might sleep, etc: */ struct trace_iterator { struct trace_array *tr; struct tracer *trace; struct array_buffer *array_buffer; void *private; int cpu_file; struct mutex mutex; struct ring_buffer_iter **buffer_iter; unsigned long iter_flags; void *temp; /* temp holder */ unsigned int temp_size; /* trace_seq for __print_flags() and __print_symbolic() etc. */ struct trace_seq tmp_seq; cpumask_var_t started; /* it's true when current open file is snapshot */ bool snapshot; /* The below is zeroed out in pipe_read */ struct trace_seq seq; struct trace_entry *ent; unsigned long lost_events; int leftover; int ent_size; int cpu; u64 ts; loff_t pos; long idx; /* All new field here will be zeroed out in pipe_read */ }; enum trace_iter_flags { TRACE_FILE_LAT_FMT = 1, TRACE_FILE_ANNOTATE = 2, TRACE_FILE_TIME_IN_NS = 4, }; typedef enum print_line_t (*trace_print_func)(struct trace_iterator *iter, int flags, struct trace_event *event); struct trace_event_functions { trace_print_func trace; trace_print_func raw; trace_print_func hex; trace_print_func binary; }; struct trace_event { struct hlist_node node; struct list_head list; int type; struct trace_event_functions *funcs; }; extern int register_trace_event(struct trace_event *event); extern int unregister_trace_event(struct trace_event *event); /* Return values for print_line callback */ enum print_line_t { TRACE_TYPE_PARTIAL_LINE = 0, /* Retry after flushing the seq */ TRACE_TYPE_HANDLED = 1, TRACE_TYPE_UNHANDLED = 2, /* Relay to other output functions */ TRACE_TYPE_NO_CONSUME = 3 /* Handled but ask to not consume */ }; enum print_line_t trace_handle_return(struct trace_seq *s); void tracing_generic_entry_update(struct trace_entry *entry, unsigned short type, unsigned long flags, int pc); struct trace_event_file; struct ring_buffer_event * trace_event_buffer_lock_reserve(struct trace_buffer **current_buffer, struct trace_event_file *trace_file, int type, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags, int pc); #define TRACE_RECORD_CMDLINE BIT(0) #define TRACE_RECORD_TGID BIT(1) void tracing_record_taskinfo(struct task_struct *task, int flags); void tracing_record_taskinfo_sched_switch(struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next, int flags); void tracing_record_cmdline(struct task_struct *task); void tracing_record_tgid(struct task_struct *task); int trace_output_call(struct trace_iterator *iter, char *name, char *fmt, ...); struct event_filter; enum trace_reg { TRACE_REG_REGISTER, TRACE_REG_UNREGISTER, #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS TRACE_REG_PERF_REGISTER, TRACE_REG_PERF_UNREGISTER, TRACE_REG_PERF_OPEN, TRACE_REG_PERF_CLOSE, /* * These (ADD/DEL) use a 'boolean' return value, where 1 (true) means a * custom action was taken and the default action is not to be * performed. */ TRACE_REG_PERF_ADD, TRACE_REG_PERF_DEL, #endif }; struct trace_event_call; #define TRACE_FUNCTION_TYPE ((const char *)~0UL) struct trace_event_fields { const char *type; union { struct { const char *name; const int size; const int align; const int is_signed; const int filter_type; }; int (*define_fields)(struct trace_event_call *); }; }; struct trace_event_class { const char *system; void *probe; #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS void *perf_probe; #endif int (*reg)(struct trace_event_call *event, enum trace_reg type, void *data); struct trace_event_fields *fields_array; struct list_head *(*get_fields)(struct trace_event_call *); struct list_head fields; int (*raw_init)(struct trace_event_call *); }; extern int trace_event_reg(struct trace_event_call *event, enum trace_reg type, void *data); struct trace_event_buffer { struct trace_buffer *buffer; struct ring_buffer_event *event; struct trace_event_file *trace_file; void *entry; unsigned long flags; int pc; struct pt_regs *regs; }; void *trace_event_buffer_reserve(struct trace_event_buffer *fbuffer, struct trace_event_file *trace_file, unsigned long len); void trace_event_buffer_commit(struct trace_event_buffer *fbuffer); enum { TRACE_EVENT_FL_FILTERED_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_CAP_ANY_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_NO_SET_FILTER_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_IGNORE_ENABLE_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_TRACEPOINT_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_KPROBE_BIT, TRACE_EVENT_FL_UPROBE_BIT, }; /* * Event flags: * FILTERED - The event has a filter attached * CAP_ANY - Any user can enable for perf * NO_SET_FILTER - Set when filter has error and is to be ignored * IGNORE_ENABLE - For trace internal events, do not enable with debugfs file * TRACEPOINT - Event is a tracepoint * KPROBE - Event is a kprobe * UPROBE - Event is a uprobe */ enum { TRACE_EVENT_FL_FILTERED = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_FILTERED_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_CAP_ANY = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_CAP_ANY_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_NO_SET_FILTER = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_NO_SET_FILTER_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_IGNORE_ENABLE = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_IGNORE_ENABLE_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_TRACEPOINT = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_TRACEPOINT_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_KPROBE = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_KPROBE_BIT), TRACE_EVENT_FL_UPROBE = (1 << TRACE_EVENT_FL_UPROBE_BIT), }; #define TRACE_EVENT_FL_UKPROBE (TRACE_EVENT_FL_KPROBE | TRACE_EVENT_FL_UPROBE) struct trace_event_call { struct list_head list; struct trace_event_class *class; union { char *name; /* Set TRACE_EVENT_FL_TRACEPOINT flag when using "tp" */ struct tracepoint *tp; }; struct trace_event event; char *print_fmt; struct event_filter *filter; void *mod; void *data; /* * bit 0: filter_active * bit 1: allow trace by non root (cap any) * bit 2: failed to apply filter * bit 3: trace internal event (do not enable) * bit 4: Event was enabled by module * bit 5: use call filter rather than file filter * bit 6: Event is a tracepoint */ int flags; /* static flags of different events */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS int perf_refcount; struct hlist_head __percpu *perf_events; struct bpf_prog_array __rcu *prog_array; int (*perf_perm)(struct trace_event_call *, struct perf_event *); #endif }; #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS static inline bool bpf_prog_array_valid(struct trace_event_call *call) { /* * This inline function checks whether call->prog_array * is valid or not. The function is called in various places, * outside rcu_read_lock/unlock, as a heuristic to speed up execution. * * If this function returns true, and later call->prog_array * becomes false inside rcu_read_lock/unlock region, * we bail out then. If this function return false, * there is a risk that we might miss a few events if the checking * were delayed until inside rcu_read_lock/unlock region and * call->prog_array happened to become non-NULL then. * * Here, READ_ONCE() is used instead of rcu_access_pointer(). * rcu_access_pointer() requires the actual definition of * "struct bpf_prog_array" while READ_ONCE() only needs * a declaration of the same type. */ return !!READ_ONCE(call->prog_array); } #endif static inline const char * trace_event_name(struct trace_event_call *call) { if (call->flags & TRACE_EVENT_FL_TRACEPOINT) return call->tp ? call->tp->name : NULL; else return call->name; } static inline struct list_head * trace_get_fields(struct trace_event_call *event_call) { if (!event_call->class->get_fields) return &event_call->class->fields; return event_call->class->get_fields(event_call); } struct trace_array; struct trace_subsystem_dir; enum { EVENT_FILE_FL_ENABLED_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_CMD_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_TGID_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_FILTERED_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_NO_SET_FILTER_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_MODE_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_MODE_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_COND_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_PID_FILTER_BIT, EVENT_FILE_FL_WAS_ENABLED_BIT, }; extern struct trace_event_file *trace_get_event_file(const char *instance, const char *system, const char *event); extern void trace_put_event_file(struct trace_event_file *file); #define MAX_DYNEVENT_CMD_LEN (2048) enum dynevent_type { DYNEVENT_TYPE_SYNTH = 1, DYNEVENT_TYPE_KPROBE, DYNEVENT_TYPE_NONE, }; struct dynevent_cmd; typedef int (*dynevent_create_fn_t)(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd); struct dynevent_cmd { struct seq_buf seq; const char *event_name; unsigned int n_fields; enum dynevent_type type; dynevent_create_fn_t run_command; void *private_data; }; extern int dynevent_create(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd); extern int synth_event_delete(const char *name); extern void synth_event_cmd_init(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, char *buf, int maxlen); extern int __synth_event_gen_cmd_start(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *name, struct module *mod, ...); #define synth_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, name, mod, ...) \ __synth_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, name, mod, ## __VA_ARGS__, NULL) struct synth_field_desc { const char *type; const char *name; }; extern int synth_event_gen_cmd_array_start(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *name, struct module *mod, struct synth_field_desc *fields, unsigned int n_fields); extern int synth_event_create(const char *name, struct synth_field_desc *fields, unsigned int n_fields, struct module *mod); extern int synth_event_add_field(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *type, const char *name); extern int synth_event_add_field_str(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, const char *type_name); extern int synth_event_add_fields(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, struct synth_field_desc *fields, unsigned int n_fields); #define synth_event_gen_cmd_end(cmd) \ dynevent_create(cmd) struct synth_event; struct synth_event_trace_state { struct trace_event_buffer fbuffer; struct synth_trace_event *entry; struct trace_buffer *buffer; struct synth_event *event; unsigned int cur_field; unsigned int n_u64; bool disabled; bool add_next; bool add_name; }; extern int synth_event_trace(struct trace_event_file *file, unsigned int n_vals, ...); extern int synth_event_trace_array(struct trace_event_file *file, u64 *vals, unsigned int n_vals); extern int synth_event_trace_start(struct trace_event_file *file, struct synth_event_trace_state *trace_state); extern int synth_event_add_next_val(u64 val, struct synth_event_trace_state *trace_state); extern int synth_event_add_val(const char *field_name, u64 val, struct synth_event_trace_state *trace_state); extern int synth_event_trace_end(struct synth_event_trace_state *trace_state); extern int kprobe_event_delete(const char *name); extern void kprobe_event_cmd_init(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, char *buf, int maxlen); #define kprobe_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, name, loc, ...) \ __kprobe_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, false, name, loc, ## __VA_ARGS__, NULL) #define kretprobe_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, name, loc, ...) \ __kprobe_event_gen_cmd_start(cmd, true, name, loc, ## __VA_ARGS__, NULL) extern int __kprobe_event_gen_cmd_start(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, bool kretprobe, const char *name, const char *loc, ...); #define kprobe_event_add_fields(cmd, ...) \ __kprobe_event_add_fields(cmd, ## __VA_ARGS__, NULL) #define kprobe_event_add_field(cmd, field) \ __kprobe_event_add_fields(cmd, field, NULL) extern int __kprobe_event_add_fields(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, ...); #define kprobe_event_gen_cmd_end(cmd) \ dynevent_create(cmd) #define kretprobe_event_gen_cmd_end(cmd) \ dynevent_create(cmd) /* * Event file flags: * ENABLED - The event is enabled * RECORDED_CMD - The comms should be recorded at sched_switch * RECORDED_TGID - The tgids should be recorded at sched_switch * FILTERED - The event has a filter attached * NO_SET_FILTER - Set when filter has error and is to be ignored * SOFT_MODE - The event is enabled/disabled by SOFT_DISABLED * SOFT_DISABLED - When set, do not trace the event (even though its * tracepoint may be enabled) * TRIGGER_MODE - When set, invoke the triggers associated with the event * TRIGGER_COND - When set, one or more triggers has an associated filter * PID_FILTER - When set, the event is filtered based on pid * WAS_ENABLED - Set when enabled to know to clear trace on module removal */ enum { EVENT_FILE_FL_ENABLED = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_ENABLED_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_CMD = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_CMD_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_TGID = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_RECORDED_TGID_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_FILTERED = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_FILTERED_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_NO_SET_FILTER = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_NO_SET_FILTER_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_MODE = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_MODE_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_MODE = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_MODE_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_COND = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_COND_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_PID_FILTER = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_PID_FILTER_BIT), EVENT_FILE_FL_WAS_ENABLED = (1 << EVENT_FILE_FL_WAS_ENABLED_BIT), }; struct trace_event_file { struct list_head list; struct trace_event_call *event_call; struct event_filter __rcu *filter; struct dentry *dir; struct trace_array *tr; struct trace_subsystem_dir *system; struct list_head triggers; /* * 32 bit flags: * bit 0: enabled * bit 1: enabled cmd record * bit 2: enable/disable with the soft disable bit * bit 3: soft disabled * bit 4: trigger enabled * * Note: The bits must be set atomically to prevent races * from other writers. Reads of flags do not need to be in * sync as they occur in critical sections. But the way flags * is currently used, these changes do not affect the code * except that when a change is made, it may have a slight * delay in propagating the changes to other CPUs due to * caching and such. Which is mostly OK ;-) */ unsigned long flags; atomic_t sm_ref; /* soft-mode reference counter */ atomic_t tm_ref; /* trigger-mode reference counter */ }; #define __TRACE_EVENT_FLAGS(name, value) \ static int __init trace_init_flags_##name(void) \ { \ event_##name.flags |= value; \ return 0; \ } \ early_initcall(trace_init_flags_##name); #define __TRACE_EVENT_PERF_PERM(name, expr...) \ static int perf_perm_##name(struct trace_event_call *tp_event, \ struct perf_event *p_event) \ { \ return ({ expr; }); \ } \ static int __init trace_init_perf_perm_##name(void) \ { \ event_##name.perf_perm = &perf_perm_##name; \ return 0; \ } \ early_initcall(trace_init_perf_perm_##name); #define PERF_MAX_TRACE_SIZE 2048 #define MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL 256U /* Should handle KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN */ enum event_trigger_type { ETT_NONE = (0), ETT_TRACE_ONOFF = (1 << 0), ETT_SNAPSHOT = (1 << 1), ETT_STACKTRACE = (1 << 2), ETT_EVENT_ENABLE = (1 << 3), ETT_EVENT_HIST = (1 << 4), ETT_HIST_ENABLE = (1 << 5), }; extern int filter_match_preds(struct event_filter *filter, void *rec); extern enum event_trigger_type event_triggers_call(struct trace_event_file *file, void *rec, struct ring_buffer_event *event); extern void event_triggers_post_call(struct trace_event_file *file, enum event_trigger_type tt); bool trace_event_ignore_this_pid(struct trace_event_file *trace_file); /** * trace_trigger_soft_disabled - do triggers and test if soft disabled * @file: The file pointer of the event to test * * If any triggers without filters are attached to this event, they * will be called here. If the event is soft disabled and has no * triggers that require testing the fields, it will return true, * otherwise false. */ static inline bool trace_trigger_soft_disabled(struct trace_event_file *file) { unsigned long eflags = file->flags; if (!(eflags & EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_COND)) { if (eflags & EVENT_FILE_FL_TRIGGER_MODE) event_triggers_call(file, NULL, NULL); if (eflags & EVENT_FILE_FL_SOFT_DISABLED) return true; if (eflags & EVENT_FILE_FL_PID_FILTER) return trace_event_ignore_this_pid(file); } return false; } #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_EVENTS unsigned int trace_call_bpf(struct trace_event_call *call, void *ctx); int perf_event_attach_bpf_prog(struct perf_event *event, struct bpf_prog *prog); void perf_event_detach_bpf_prog(struct perf_event *event); int perf_event_query_prog_array(struct perf_event *event, void __user *info); int bpf_probe_register(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp, struct bpf_prog *prog); int bpf_probe_unregister(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp, struct bpf_prog *prog); struct bpf_raw_event_map *bpf_get_raw_tracepoint(const char *name); void bpf_put_raw_tracepoint(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp); int bpf_get_perf_event_info(const struct perf_event *event, u32 *prog_id, u32 *fd_type, const char **buf, u64 *probe_offset, u64 *probe_addr); #else static inline unsigned int trace_call_bpf(struct trace_event_call *call, void *ctx) { return 1; } static inline int perf_event_attach_bpf_prog(struct perf_event *event, struct bpf_prog *prog) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline void perf_event_detach_bpf_prog(struct perf_event *event) { } static inline int perf_event_query_prog_array(struct perf_event *event, void __user *info) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int bpf_probe_register(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp, struct bpf_prog *p) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline int bpf_probe_unregister(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp, struct bpf_prog *p) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } static inline struct bpf_raw_event_map *bpf_get_raw_tracepoint(const char *name) { return NULL; } static inline void bpf_put_raw_tracepoint(struct bpf_raw_event_map *btp) { } static inline int bpf_get_perf_event_info(const struct perf_event *event, u32 *prog_id, u32 *fd_type, const char **buf, u64 *probe_offset, u64 *probe_addr) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } #endif enum { FILTER_OTHER = 0, FILTER_STATIC_STRING, FILTER_DYN_STRING, FILTER_PTR_STRING, FILTER_TRACE_FN, FILTER_COMM, FILTER_CPU, }; extern int trace_event_raw_init(struct trace_event_call *call); extern int trace_define_field(struct trace_event_call *call, const char *type, const char *name, int offset, int size, int is_signed, int filter_type); extern int trace_add_event_call(struct trace_event_call *call); extern int trace_remove_event_call(struct trace_event_call *call); extern int trace_event_get_offsets(struct trace_event_call *call); #define is_signed_type(type) (((type)(-1)) < (type)1) int ftrace_set_clr_event(struct trace_array *tr, char *buf, int set); int trace_set_clr_event(const char *system, const char *event, int set); int trace_array_set_clr_event(struct trace_array *tr, const char *system, const char *event, bool enable); /* * The double __builtin_constant_p is because gcc will give us an error * if we try to allocate the static variable to fmt if it is not a * constant. Even with the outer if statement optimizing out. */ #define event_trace_printk(ip, fmt, args...) \ do { \ __trace_printk_check_format(fmt, ##args); \ tracing_record_cmdline(current); \ if (__builtin_constant_p(fmt)) { \ static const char *trace_printk_fmt \ __section("__trace_printk_fmt") = \ __builtin_constant_p(fmt) ? fmt : NULL; \ \ __trace_bprintk(ip, trace_printk_fmt, ##args); \ } else \ __trace_printk(ip, fmt, ##args); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS struct perf_event; DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct pt_regs, perf_trace_regs); DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, bpf_kprobe_override); extern int perf_trace_init(struct perf_event *event); extern void perf_trace_destroy(struct perf_event *event); extern int perf_trace_add(struct perf_event *event, int flags); extern void perf_trace_del(struct perf_event *event, int flags); #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBE_EVENTS extern int perf_kprobe_init(struct perf_event *event, bool is_retprobe); extern void perf_kprobe_destroy(struct perf_event *event); extern int bpf_get_kprobe_info(const struct perf_event *event, u32 *fd_type, const char **symbol, u64 *probe_offset, u64 *probe_addr, bool perf_type_tracepoint); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UPROBE_EVENTS extern int perf_uprobe_init(struct perf_event *event, unsigned long ref_ctr_offset, bool is_retprobe); extern void perf_uprobe_destroy(struct perf_event *event); extern int bpf_get_uprobe_info(const struct perf_event *event, u32 *fd_type, const char **filename, u64 *probe_offset, bool perf_type_tracepoint); #endif extern int ftrace_profile_set_filter(struct perf_event *event, int event_id, char *filter_str); extern void ftrace_profile_free_filter(struct perf_event *event); void perf_trace_buf_update(void *record, u16 type); void *perf_trace_buf_alloc(int size, struct pt_regs **regs, int *rctxp); void bpf_trace_run1(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1); void bpf_trace_run2(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2); void bpf_trace_run3(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3); void bpf_trace_run4(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4); void bpf_trace_run5(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5); void bpf_trace_run6(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6); void bpf_trace_run7(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7); void bpf_trace_run8(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7, u64 arg8); void bpf_trace_run9(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7, u64 arg8, u64 arg9); void bpf_trace_run10(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7, u64 arg8, u64 arg9, u64 arg10); void bpf_trace_run11(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7, u64 arg8, u64 arg9, u64 arg10, u64 arg11); void bpf_trace_run12(struct bpf_prog *prog, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3, u64 arg4, u64 arg5, u64 arg6, u64 arg7, u64 arg8, u64 arg9, u64 arg10, u64 arg11, u64 arg12); void perf_trace_run_bpf_submit(void *raw_data, int size, int rctx, struct trace_event_call *call, u64 count, struct pt_regs *regs, struct hlist_head *head, struct task_struct *task); static inline void perf_trace_buf_submit(void *raw_data, int size, int rctx, u16 type, u64 count, struct pt_regs *regs, void *head, struct task_struct *task) { perf_tp_event(type, count, raw_data, size, regs, head, rctx, task); } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_TRACE_EVENT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * fs-verity: read-only file-based authenticity protection * * This header declares the interface between the fs/verity/ support layer and * filesystems that support fs-verity. * * Copyright 2019 Google LLC */ #ifndef _LINUX_FSVERITY_H #define _LINUX_FSVERITY_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <uapi/linux/fsverity.h> /* Verity operations for filesystems */ struct fsverity_operations { /** * Begin enabling verity on the given file. * * @filp: a readonly file descriptor for the file * * The filesystem must do any needed filesystem-specific preparations * for enabling verity, e.g. evicting inline data. It also must return * -EBUSY if verity is already being enabled on the given file. * * i_rwsem is held for write. * * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure */ int (*begin_enable_verity)(struct file *filp); /** * End enabling verity on the given file. * * @filp: a readonly file descriptor for the file * @desc: the verity descriptor to write, or NULL on failure * @desc_size: size of verity descriptor, or 0 on failure * @merkle_tree_size: total bytes the Merkle tree took up * * If desc == NULL, then enabling verity failed and the filesystem only * must do any necessary cleanups. Else, it must also store the given * verity descriptor to a fs-specific location associated with the inode * and do any fs-specific actions needed to mark the inode as a verity * inode, e.g. setting a bit in the on-disk inode. The filesystem is * also responsible for setting the S_VERITY flag in the VFS inode. * * i_rwsem is held for write, but it may have been dropped between * ->begin_enable_verity() and ->end_enable_verity(). * * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure */ int (*end_enable_verity)(struct file *filp, const void *desc, size_t desc_size, u64 merkle_tree_size); /** * Get the verity descriptor of the given inode. * * @inode: an inode with the S_VERITY flag set * @buf: buffer in which to place the verity descriptor * @bufsize: size of @buf, or 0 to retrieve the size only * * If bufsize == 0, then the size of the verity descriptor is returned. * Otherwise the verity descriptor is written to 'buf' and its actual * size is returned; -ERANGE is returned if it's too large. This may be * called by multiple processes concurrently on the same inode. * * Return: the size on success, -errno on failure */ int (*get_verity_descriptor)(struct inode *inode, void *buf, size_t bufsize); /** * Read a Merkle tree page of the given inode. * * @inode: the inode * @index: 0-based index of the page within the Merkle tree * @num_ra_pages: The number of Merkle tree pages that should be * prefetched starting at @index if the page at @index * isn't already cached. Implementations may ignore this * argument; it's only a performance optimization. * * This can be called at any time on an open verity file, as well as * between ->begin_enable_verity() and ->end_enable_verity(). It may be * called by multiple processes concurrently, even with the same page. * * Note that this must retrieve a *page*, not necessarily a *block*. * * Return: the page on success, ERR_PTR() on failure */ struct page *(*read_merkle_tree_page)(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t index, unsigned long num_ra_pages); /** * Write a Merkle tree block to the given inode. * * @inode: the inode for which the Merkle tree is being built * @buf: block to write * @index: 0-based index of the block within the Merkle tree * @log_blocksize: log base 2 of the Merkle tree block size * * This is only called between ->begin_enable_verity() and * ->end_enable_verity(). * * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure */ int (*write_merkle_tree_block)(struct inode *inode, const void *buf, u64 index, int log_blocksize); }; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY static inline struct fsverity_info *fsverity_get_info(const struct inode *inode) { /* * Pairs with the cmpxchg_release() in fsverity_set_info(). * I.e., another task may publish ->i_verity_info concurrently, * executing a RELEASE barrier. We need to use smp_load_acquire() here * to safely ACQUIRE the memory the other task published. */ return smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_verity_info); } /* enable.c */ int fsverity_ioctl_enable(struct file *filp, const void __user *arg); /* measure.c */ int fsverity_ioctl_measure(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); /* open.c */ int fsverity_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp); int fsverity_prepare_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr); void fsverity_cleanup_inode(struct inode *inode); /* verify.c */ bool fsverity_verify_page(struct page *page); void fsverity_verify_bio(struct bio *bio); void fsverity_enqueue_verify_work(struct work_struct *work); #else /* !CONFIG_FS_VERITY */ static inline struct fsverity_info *fsverity_get_info(const struct inode *inode) { return NULL; } /* enable.c */ static inline int fsverity_ioctl_enable(struct file *filp, const void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } /* measure.c */ static inline int fsverity_ioctl_measure(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } /* open.c */ static inline int fsverity_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { return IS_VERITY(inode) ? -EOPNOTSUPP : 0; } static inline int fsverity_prepare_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr) { return IS_VERITY(d_inode(dentry)) ? -EOPNOTSUPP : 0; } static inline void fsverity_cleanup_inode(struct inode *inode) { } /* verify.c */ static inline bool fsverity_verify_page(struct page *page) { WARN_ON(1); return false; } static inline void fsverity_verify_bio(struct bio *bio) { WARN_ON(1); } static inline void fsverity_enqueue_verify_work(struct work_struct *work) { WARN_ON(1); } #endif /* !CONFIG_FS_VERITY */ /** * fsverity_active() - do reads from the inode need to go through fs-verity? * @inode: inode to check * * This checks whether ->i_verity_info has been set. * * Filesystems call this from ->readpages() to check whether the pages need to * be verified or not. Don't use IS_VERITY() for this purpose; it's subject to * a race condition where the file is being read concurrently with * FS_IOC_ENABLE_VERITY completing. (S_VERITY is set before ->i_verity_info.) * * Return: true if reads need to go through fs-verity, otherwise false */ static inline bool fsverity_active(const struct inode *inode) { return fsverity_get_info(inode) != NULL; } #endif /* _LINUX_FSVERITY_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Portions of this file * Copyright (C) 2018 Intel Corporation */ #ifndef __NET_WIRELESS_NL80211_H #define __NET_WIRELESS_NL80211_H #include "core.h" int nl80211_init(void); void nl80211_exit(void); void *nl80211hdr_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, int flags, u8 cmd); bool nl80211_put_sta_rate(struct sk_buff *msg, struct rate_info *info, int attr); static inline u64 wdev_id(struct wireless_dev *wdev) { return (u64)wdev->identifier | ((u64)wiphy_to_rdev(wdev->wiphy)->wiphy_idx << 32); } int nl80211_prepare_wdev_dump(struct netlink_callback *cb, struct cfg80211_registered_device **rdev, struct wireless_dev **wdev); int nl80211_parse_chandef(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct genl_info *info, struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef); int nl80211_parse_random_mac(struct nlattr **attrs, u8 *mac_addr, u8 *mac_addr_mask); void nl80211_notify_wiphy(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, enum nl80211_commands cmd); void nl80211_notify_iface(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, enum nl80211_commands cmd); void nl80211_send_scan_start(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev); struct sk_buff *nl80211_build_scan_msg(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, bool aborted); void nl80211_send_scan_msg(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct sk_buff *msg); void nl80211_send_sched_scan(struct cfg80211_sched_scan_request *req, u32 cmd); void nl80211_common_reg_change_event(enum nl80211_commands cmd_id, struct regulatory_request *request); static inline void nl80211_send_reg_change_event(struct regulatory_request *request) { nl80211_common_reg_change_event(NL80211_CMD_REG_CHANGE, request); } static inline void nl80211_send_wiphy_reg_change_event(struct regulatory_request *request) { nl80211_common_reg_change_event(NL80211_CMD_WIPHY_REG_CHANGE, request); } void nl80211_send_rx_auth(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_rx_assoc(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, gfp_t gfp, int uapsd_queues, const u8 *req_ies, size_t req_ies_len); void nl80211_send_deauth(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_disassoc(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *buf, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_auth_timeout(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *addr, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_assoc_timeout(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *addr, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_connect_result(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, struct cfg80211_connect_resp_params *params, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_roamed(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, struct cfg80211_roam_info *info, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_port_authorized(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *bssid); void nl80211_send_disconnected(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, u16 reason, const u8 *ie, size_t ie_len, bool from_ap); void nl80211_michael_mic_failure(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *addr, enum nl80211_key_type key_type, int key_id, const u8 *tsc, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_beacon_hint_event(struct wiphy *wiphy, struct ieee80211_channel *channel_before, struct ieee80211_channel *channel_after); void nl80211_send_ibss_bssid(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct net_device *netdev, const u8 *bssid, gfp_t gfp); int nl80211_send_mgmt(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, struct wireless_dev *wdev, u32 nlpid, int freq, int sig_dbm, const u8 *buf, size_t len, u32 flags, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_radar_notify(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev, const struct cfg80211_chan_def *chandef, enum nl80211_radar_event event, struct net_device *netdev, gfp_t gfp); void nl80211_send_ap_stopped(struct wireless_dev *wdev); void cfg80211_rdev_free_coalesce(struct cfg80211_registered_device *rdev); /* peer measurement */ int nl80211_pmsr_start(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info); int nl80211_pmsr_dump_results(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb); #endif /* __NET_WIRELESS_NL80211_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * A security identifier table (sidtab) is a lookup table * of security context structures indexed by SID value. * * Original author: Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> * Author: Ondrej Mosnacek, <omosnacek@gmail.com> * * Copyright (C) 2018 Red Hat, Inc. */ #ifndef _SS_SIDTAB_H_ #define _SS_SIDTAB_H_ #include <linux/spinlock_types.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <linux/hashtable.h> #include "context.h" struct sidtab_entry { u32 sid; u32 hash; struct context context; #if CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 struct sidtab_str_cache __rcu *cache; #endif struct hlist_node list; }; union sidtab_entry_inner { struct sidtab_node_inner *ptr_inner; struct sidtab_node_leaf *ptr_leaf; }; /* align node size to page boundary */ #define SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SHIFT PAGE_SHIFT #define SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SIZE PAGE_SIZE #define size_to_shift(size) ((size) == 1 ? 1 : (const_ilog2((size) - 1) + 1)) #define SIDTAB_INNER_SHIFT \ (SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SHIFT - size_to_shift(sizeof(union sidtab_entry_inner))) #define SIDTAB_INNER_ENTRIES ((size_t)1 << SIDTAB_INNER_SHIFT) #define SIDTAB_LEAF_ENTRIES \ (SIDTAB_NODE_ALLOC_SIZE / sizeof(struct sidtab_entry)) #define SIDTAB_MAX_BITS 32 #define SIDTAB_MAX U32_MAX /* ensure enough tree levels for SIDTAB_MAX entries */ #define SIDTAB_MAX_LEVEL \ DIV_ROUND_UP(SIDTAB_MAX_BITS - size_to_shift(SIDTAB_LEAF_ENTRIES), \ SIDTAB_INNER_SHIFT) struct sidtab_node_leaf { struct sidtab_entry entries[SIDTAB_LEAF_ENTRIES]; }; struct sidtab_node_inner { union sidtab_entry_inner entries[SIDTAB_INNER_ENTRIES]; }; struct sidtab_isid_entry { int set; struct sidtab_entry entry; }; struct sidtab_convert_params { int (*func)(struct context *oldc, struct context *newc, void *args); void *args; struct sidtab *target; }; #define SIDTAB_HASH_BITS CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SIDTAB_HASH_BITS #define SIDTAB_HASH_BUCKETS (1 << SIDTAB_HASH_BITS) struct sidtab { /* * lock-free read access only for as many items as a prior read of * 'count' */ union sidtab_entry_inner roots[SIDTAB_MAX_LEVEL + 1]; /* * access atomically via {READ|WRITE}_ONCE(); only increment under * spinlock */ u32 count; /* access only under spinlock */ struct sidtab_convert_params *convert; bool frozen; spinlock_t lock; #if CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 /* SID -> context string cache */ u32 cache_free_slots; struct list_head cache_lru_list; spinlock_t cache_lock; #endif /* index == SID - 1 (no entry for SECSID_NULL) */ struct sidtab_isid_entry isids[SECINITSID_NUM]; /* Hash table for fast reverse context-to-sid lookups. */ DECLARE_HASHTABLE(context_to_sid, SIDTAB_HASH_BITS); }; int sidtab_init(struct sidtab *s); int sidtab_set_initial(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid, struct context *context); struct sidtab_entry *sidtab_search_entry(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid); struct sidtab_entry *sidtab_search_entry_force(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid); static inline struct context *sidtab_search(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid) { struct sidtab_entry *entry = sidtab_search_entry(s, sid); return entry ? &entry->context : NULL; } static inline struct context *sidtab_search_force(struct sidtab *s, u32 sid) { struct sidtab_entry *entry = sidtab_search_entry_force(s, sid); return entry ? &entry->context : NULL; } int sidtab_convert(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_convert_params *params); void sidtab_cancel_convert(struct sidtab *s); void sidtab_freeze_begin(struct sidtab *s, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(&s->lock); void sidtab_freeze_end(struct sidtab *s, unsigned long *flags) __releases(&s->lock); int sidtab_context_to_sid(struct sidtab *s, struct context *context, u32 *sid); void sidtab_destroy(struct sidtab *s); int sidtab_hash_stats(struct sidtab *sidtab, char *page); #if CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 void sidtab_sid2str_put(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, const char *str, u32 str_len); int sidtab_sid2str_get(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, char **out, u32 *out_len); #else static inline void sidtab_sid2str_put(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, const char *str, u32 str_len) { } static inline int sidtab_sid2str_get(struct sidtab *s, struct sidtab_entry *entry, char **out, u32 *out_len) { return -ENOENT; } #endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_SID2STR_CACHE_SIZE > 0 */ #endif /* _SS_SIDTAB_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_BH_H #define _LINUX_BH_H #include <linux/preempt.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS extern void __local_bh_disable_ip(unsigned long ip, unsigned int cnt); #else static __always_inline void __local_bh_disable_ip(unsigned long ip, unsigned int cnt) { preempt_count_add(cnt); barrier(); } #endif static inline void local_bh_disable(void) { __local_bh_disable_ip(_THIS_IP_, SOFTIRQ_DISABLE_OFFSET); } extern void _local_bh_enable(void); extern void __local_bh_enable_ip(unsigned long ip, unsigned int cnt); static inline void local_bh_enable_ip(unsigned long ip) { __local_bh_enable_ip(ip, SOFTIRQ_DISABLE_OFFSET); } static inline void local_bh_enable(void) { __local_bh_enable_ip(_THIS_IP_, SOFTIRQ_DISABLE_OFFSET); } #endif /* _LINUX_BH_H */
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1221 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_SEQLOCK_H #define __LINUX_SEQLOCK_H /* * seqcount_t / seqlock_t - a reader-writer consistency mechanism with * lockless readers (read-only retry loops), and no writer starvation. * * See Documentation/locking/seqlock.rst * * Copyrights: * - Based on x86_64 vsyscall gettimeofday: Keith Owens, Andrea Arcangeli * - Sequence counters with associated locks, (C) 2020 Linutronix GmbH */ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/kcsan-checks.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/ww_mutex.h> #include <linux/preempt.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <asm/processor.h> /* * The seqlock seqcount_t interface does not prescribe a precise sequence of * read begin/retry/end. For readers, typically there is a call to * read_seqcount_begin() and read_seqcount_retry(), however, there are more * esoteric cases which do not follow this pattern. * * As a consequence, we take the following best-effort approach for raw usage * via seqcount_t under KCSAN: upon beginning a seq-reader critical section, * pessimistically mark the next KCSAN_SEQLOCK_REGION_MAX memory accesses as * atomics; if there is a matching read_seqcount_retry() call, no following * memory operations are considered atomic. Usage of the seqlock_t interface * is not affected. */ #define KCSAN_SEQLOCK_REGION_MAX 1000 /* * Sequence counters (seqcount_t) * * This is the raw counting mechanism, without any writer protection. * * Write side critical sections must be serialized and non-preemptible. * * If readers can be invoked from hardirq or softirq contexts, * interrupts or bottom halves must also be respectively disabled before * entering the write section. * * This mechanism can't be used if the protected data contains pointers, * as the writer can invalidate a pointer that a reader is following. * * If the write serialization mechanism is one of the common kernel * locking primitives, use a sequence counter with associated lock * (seqcount_LOCKNAME_t) instead. * * If it's desired to automatically handle the sequence counter writer * serialization and non-preemptibility requirements, use a sequential * lock (seqlock_t) instead. * * See Documentation/locking/seqlock.rst */ typedef struct seqcount { unsigned sequence; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif } seqcount_t; static inline void __seqcount_init(seqcount_t *s, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key) { /* * Make sure we are not reinitializing a held lock: */ lockdep_init_map(&s->dep_map, name, key, 0); s->sequence = 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC # define SEQCOUNT_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) \ .dep_map = { .name = #lockname } /** * seqcount_init() - runtime initializer for seqcount_t * @s: Pointer to the seqcount_t instance */ # define seqcount_init(s) \ do { \ static struct lock_class_key __key; \ __seqcount_init((s), #s, &__key); \ } while (0) static inline void seqcount_lockdep_reader_access(const seqcount_t *s) { seqcount_t *l = (seqcount_t *)s; unsigned long flags; local_irq_save(flags); seqcount_acquire_read(&l->dep_map, 0, 0, _RET_IP_); seqcount_release(&l->dep_map, _RET_IP_); local_irq_restore(flags); } #else # define SEQCOUNT_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) # define seqcount_init(s) __seqcount_init(s, NULL, NULL) # define seqcount_lockdep_reader_access(x) #endif /** * SEQCNT_ZERO() - static initializer for seqcount_t * @name: Name of the seqcount_t instance */ #define SEQCNT_ZERO(name) { .sequence = 0, SEQCOUNT_DEP_MAP_INIT(name) } /* * Sequence counters with associated locks (seqcount_LOCKNAME_t) * * A sequence counter which associates the lock used for writer * serialization at initialization time. This enables lockdep to validate * that the write side critical section is properly serialized. * * For associated locks which do not implicitly disable preemption, * preemption protection is enforced in the write side function. * * Lockdep is never used in any for the raw write variants. * * See Documentation/locking/seqlock.rst */ /* * For PREEMPT_RT, seqcount_LOCKNAME_t write side critical sections cannot * disable preemption. It can lead to higher latencies, and the write side * sections will not be able to acquire locks which become sleeping locks * (e.g. spinlock_t). * * To remain preemptible while avoiding a possible livelock caused by the * reader preempting the writer, use a different technique: let the reader * detect if a seqcount_LOCKNAME_t writer is in progress. If that is the * case, acquire then release the associated LOCKNAME writer serialization * lock. This will allow any possibly-preempted writer to make progress * until the end of its writer serialization lock critical section. * * This lock-unlock technique must be implemented for all of PREEMPT_RT * sleeping locks. See Documentation/locking/locktypes.rst */ #if defined(CONFIG_LOCKDEP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT) #define __SEQ_LOCK(expr) expr #else #define __SEQ_LOCK(expr) #endif /* * typedef seqcount_LOCKNAME_t - sequence counter with LOCKNAME associated * @seqcount: The real sequence counter * @lock: Pointer to the associated lock * * A plain sequence counter with external writer synchronization by * LOCKNAME @lock. The lock is associated to the sequence counter in the * static initializer or init function. This enables lockdep to validate * that the write side critical section is properly serialized. * * LOCKNAME: raw_spinlock, spinlock, rwlock, mutex, or ww_mutex. */ /* * seqcount_LOCKNAME_init() - runtime initializer for seqcount_LOCKNAME_t * @s: Pointer to the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t instance * @lock: Pointer to the associated lock */ #define seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, _lock, lockname) \ do { \ seqcount_##lockname##_t *____s = (s); \ seqcount_init(&____s->seqcount); \ __SEQ_LOCK(____s->lock = (_lock)); \ } while (0) #define seqcount_raw_spinlock_init(s, lock) seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, lock, raw_spinlock) #define seqcount_spinlock_init(s, lock) seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, lock, spinlock) #define seqcount_rwlock_init(s, lock) seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, lock, rwlock); #define seqcount_mutex_init(s, lock) seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, lock, mutex); #define seqcount_ww_mutex_init(s, lock) seqcount_LOCKNAME_init(s, lock, ww_mutex); /* * SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME() - Instantiate seqcount_LOCKNAME_t and helpers * seqprop_LOCKNAME_*() - Property accessors for seqcount_LOCKNAME_t * * @lockname: "LOCKNAME" part of seqcount_LOCKNAME_t * @locktype: LOCKNAME canonical C data type * @preemptible: preemptibility of above locktype * @lockmember: argument for lockdep_assert_held() * @lockbase: associated lock release function (prefix only) * @lock_acquire: associated lock acquisition function (full call) */ #define SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(lockname, locktype, preemptible, lockmember, lockbase, lock_acquire) \ typedef struct seqcount_##lockname { \ seqcount_t seqcount; \ __SEQ_LOCK(locktype *lock); \ } seqcount_##lockname##_t; \ \ static __always_inline seqcount_t * \ __seqprop_##lockname##_ptr(seqcount_##lockname##_t *s) \ { \ return &s->seqcount; \ } \ \ static __always_inline unsigned \ __seqprop_##lockname##_sequence(const seqcount_##lockname##_t *s) \ { \ unsigned seq = READ_ONCE(s->seqcount.sequence); \ \ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT)) \ return seq; \ \ if (preemptible && unlikely(seq & 1)) { \ __SEQ_LOCK(lock_acquire); \ __SEQ_LOCK(lockbase##_unlock(s->lock)); \ \ /* \ * Re-read the sequence counter since the (possibly \ * preempted) writer made progress. \ */ \ seq = READ_ONCE(s->seqcount.sequence); \ } \ \ return seq; \ } \ \ static __always_inline bool \ __seqprop_##lockname##_preemptible(const seqcount_##lockname##_t *s) \ { \ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT)) \ return preemptible; \ \ /* PREEMPT_RT relies on the above LOCK+UNLOCK */ \ return false; \ } \ \ static __always_inline void \ __seqprop_##lockname##_assert(const seqcount_##lockname##_t *s) \ { \ __SEQ_LOCK(lockdep_assert_held(lockmember)); \ } /* * __seqprop() for seqcount_t */ static inline seqcount_t *__seqprop_ptr(seqcount_t *s) { return s; } static inline unsigned __seqprop_sequence(const seqcount_t *s) { return READ_ONCE(s->sequence); } static inline bool __seqprop_preemptible(const seqcount_t *s) { return false; } static inline void __seqprop_assert(const seqcount_t *s) { lockdep_assert_preemption_disabled(); } #define __SEQ_RT IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(raw_spinlock, raw_spinlock_t, false, s->lock, raw_spin, raw_spin_lock(s->lock)) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(spinlock, spinlock_t, __SEQ_RT, s->lock, spin, spin_lock(s->lock)) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(rwlock, rwlock_t, __SEQ_RT, s->lock, read, read_lock(s->lock)) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(mutex, struct mutex, true, s->lock, mutex, mutex_lock(s->lock)) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME(ww_mutex, struct ww_mutex, true, &s->lock->base, ww_mutex, ww_mutex_lock(s->lock, NULL)) /* * SEQCNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO - static initializer for seqcount_LOCKNAME_t * @name: Name of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t instance * @lock: Pointer to the associated LOCKNAME */ #define SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(seq_name, assoc_lock) { \ .seqcount = SEQCNT_ZERO(seq_name.seqcount), \ __SEQ_LOCK(.lock = (assoc_lock)) \ } #define SEQCNT_RAW_SPINLOCK_ZERO(name, lock) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(name, lock) #define SEQCNT_SPINLOCK_ZERO(name, lock) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(name, lock) #define SEQCNT_RWLOCK_ZERO(name, lock) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(name, lock) #define SEQCNT_MUTEX_ZERO(name, lock) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(name, lock) #define SEQCNT_WW_MUTEX_ZERO(name, lock) SEQCOUNT_LOCKNAME_ZERO(name, lock) #define __seqprop_case(s, lockname, prop) \ seqcount_##lockname##_t: __seqprop_##lockname##_##prop((void *)(s)) #define __seqprop(s, prop) _Generic(*(s), \ seqcount_t: __seqprop_##prop((void *)(s)), \ __seqprop_case((s), raw_spinlock, prop), \ __seqprop_case((s), spinlock, prop), \ __seqprop_case((s), rwlock, prop), \ __seqprop_case((s), mutex, prop), \ __seqprop_case((s), ww_mutex, prop)) #define __seqcount_ptr(s) __seqprop(s, ptr) #define __seqcount_sequence(s) __seqprop(s, sequence) #define __seqcount_lock_preemptible(s) __seqprop(s, preemptible) #define __seqcount_assert_lock_held(s) __seqprop(s, assert) /** * __read_seqcount_begin() - begin a seqcount_t read section w/o barrier * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * __read_seqcount_begin is like read_seqcount_begin, but has no smp_rmb() * barrier. Callers should ensure that smp_rmb() or equivalent ordering is * provided before actually loading any of the variables that are to be * protected in this critical section. * * Use carefully, only in critical code, and comment how the barrier is * provided. * * Return: count to be passed to read_seqcount_retry() */ #define __read_seqcount_begin(s) \ ({ \ unsigned seq; \ \ while ((seq = __seqcount_sequence(s)) & 1) \ cpu_relax(); \ \ kcsan_atomic_next(KCSAN_SEQLOCK_REGION_MAX); \ seq; \ }) /** * raw_read_seqcount_begin() - begin a seqcount_t read section w/o lockdep * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * Return: count to be passed to read_seqcount_retry() */ #define raw_read_seqcount_begin(s) \ ({ \ unsigned seq = __read_seqcount_begin(s); \ \ smp_rmb(); \ seq; \ }) /** * read_seqcount_begin() - begin a seqcount_t read critical section * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * Return: count to be passed to read_seqcount_retry() */ #define read_seqcount_begin(s) \ ({ \ seqcount_lockdep_reader_access(__seqcount_ptr(s)); \ raw_read_seqcount_begin(s); \ }) /** * raw_read_seqcount() - read the raw seqcount_t counter value * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * raw_read_seqcount opens a read critical section of the given * seqcount_t, without any lockdep checking, and without checking or * masking the sequence counter LSB. Calling code is responsible for * handling that. * * Return: count to be passed to read_seqcount_retry() */ #define raw_read_seqcount(s) \ ({ \ unsigned seq = __seqcount_sequence(s); \ \ smp_rmb(); \ kcsan_atomic_next(KCSAN_SEQLOCK_REGION_MAX); \ seq; \ }) /** * raw_seqcount_begin() - begin a seqcount_t read critical section w/o * lockdep and w/o counter stabilization * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * raw_seqcount_begin opens a read critical section of the given * seqcount_t. Unlike read_seqcount_begin(), this function will not wait * for the count to stabilize. If a writer is active when it begins, it * will fail the read_seqcount_retry() at the end of the read critical * section instead of stabilizing at the beginning of it. * * Use this only in special kernel hot paths where the read section is * small and has a high probability of success through other external * means. It will save a single branching instruction. * * Return: count to be passed to read_seqcount_retry() */ #define raw_seqcount_begin(s) \ ({ \ /* \ * If the counter is odd, let read_seqcount_retry() fail \ * by decrementing the counter. \ */ \ raw_read_seqcount(s) & ~1; \ }) /** * __read_seqcount_retry() - end a seqcount_t read section w/o barrier * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * @start: count, from read_seqcount_begin() * * __read_seqcount_retry is like read_seqcount_retry, but has no smp_rmb() * barrier. Callers should ensure that smp_rmb() or equivalent ordering is * provided before actually loading any of the variables that are to be * protected in this critical section. * * Use carefully, only in critical code, and comment how the barrier is * provided. * * Return: true if a read section retry is required, else false */ #define __read_seqcount_retry(s, start) \ __read_seqcount_t_retry(__seqcount_ptr(s), start) static inline int __read_seqcount_t_retry(const seqcount_t *s, unsigned start) { kcsan_atomic_next(0); return unlikely(READ_ONCE(s->sequence) != start); } /** * read_seqcount_retry() - end a seqcount_t read critical section * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * @start: count, from read_seqcount_begin() * * read_seqcount_retry closes the read critical section of given * seqcount_t. If the critical section was invalid, it must be ignored * (and typically retried). * * Return: true if a read section retry is required, else false */ #define read_seqcount_retry(s, start) \ read_seqcount_t_retry(__seqcount_ptr(s), start) static inline int read_seqcount_t_retry(const seqcount_t *s, unsigned start) { smp_rmb(); return __read_seqcount_t_retry(s, start); } /** * raw_write_seqcount_begin() - start a seqcount_t write section w/o lockdep * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants */ #define raw_write_seqcount_begin(s) \ do { \ if (__seqcount_lock_preemptible(s)) \ preempt_disable(); \ \ raw_write_seqcount_t_begin(__seqcount_ptr(s)); \ } while (0) static inline void raw_write_seqcount_t_begin(seqcount_t *s) { kcsan_nestable_atomic_begin(); s->sequence++; smp_wmb(); } /** * raw_write_seqcount_end() - end a seqcount_t write section w/o lockdep * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants */ #define raw_write_seqcount_end(s) \ do { \ raw_write_seqcount_t_end(__seqcount_ptr(s)); \ \ if (__seqcount_lock_preemptible(s)) \ preempt_enable(); \ } while (0) static inline void raw_write_seqcount_t_end(seqcount_t *s) { smp_wmb(); s->sequence++; kcsan_nestable_atomic_end(); } /** * write_seqcount_begin_nested() - start a seqcount_t write section with * custom lockdep nesting level * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * @subclass: lockdep nesting level * * See Documentation/locking/lockdep-design.rst */ #define write_seqcount_begin_nested(s, subclass) \ do { \ __seqcount_assert_lock_held(s); \ \ if (__seqcount_lock_preemptible(s)) \ preempt_disable(); \ \ write_seqcount_t_begin_nested(__seqcount_ptr(s), subclass); \ } while (0) static inline void write_seqcount_t_begin_nested(seqcount_t *s, int subclass) { raw_write_seqcount_t_begin(s); seqcount_acquire(&s->dep_map, subclass, 0, _RET_IP_); } /** * write_seqcount_begin() - start a seqcount_t write side critical section * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * write_seqcount_begin opens a write side critical section of the given * seqcount_t. * * Context: seqcount_t write side critical sections must be serialized and * non-preemptible. If readers can be invoked from hardirq or softirq * context, interrupts or bottom halves must be respectively disabled. */ #define write_seqcount_begin(s) \ do { \ __seqcount_assert_lock_held(s); \ \ if (__seqcount_lock_preemptible(s)) \ preempt_disable(); \ \ write_seqcount_t_begin(__seqcount_ptr(s)); \ } while (0) static inline void write_seqcount_t_begin(seqcount_t *s) { write_seqcount_t_begin_nested(s, 0); } /** * write_seqcount_end() - end a seqcount_t write side critical section * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * The write section must've been opened with write_seqcount_begin(). */ #define write_seqcount_end(s) \ do { \ write_seqcount_t_end(__seqcount_ptr(s)); \ \ if (__seqcount_lock_preemptible(s)) \ preempt_enable(); \ } while (0) static inline void write_seqcount_t_end(seqcount_t *s) { seqcount_release(&s->dep_map, _RET_IP_); raw_write_seqcount_t_end(s); } /** * raw_write_seqcount_barrier() - do a seqcount_t write barrier * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * This can be used to provide an ordering guarantee instead of the usual * consistency guarantee. It is one wmb cheaper, because it can collapse * the two back-to-back wmb()s. * * Note that writes surrounding the barrier should be declared atomic (e.g. * via WRITE_ONCE): a) to ensure the writes become visible to other threads * atomically, avoiding compiler optimizations; b) to document which writes are * meant to propagate to the reader critical section. This is necessary because * neither writes before and after the barrier are enclosed in a seq-writer * critical section that would ensure readers are aware of ongoing writes:: * * seqcount_t seq; * bool X = true, Y = false; * * void read(void) * { * bool x, y; * * do { * int s = read_seqcount_begin(&seq); * * x = X; y = Y; * * } while (read_seqcount_retry(&seq, s)); * * BUG_ON(!x && !y); * } * * void write(void) * { * WRITE_ONCE(Y, true); * * raw_write_seqcount_barrier(seq); * * WRITE_ONCE(X, false); * } */ #define raw_write_seqcount_barrier(s) \ raw_write_seqcount_t_barrier(__seqcount_ptr(s)) static inline void raw_write_seqcount_t_barrier(seqcount_t *s) { kcsan_nestable_atomic_begin(); s->sequence++; smp_wmb(); s->sequence++; kcsan_nestable_atomic_end(); } /** * write_seqcount_invalidate() - invalidate in-progress seqcount_t read * side operations * @s: Pointer to seqcount_t or any of the seqcount_LOCKNAME_t variants * * After write_seqcount_invalidate, no seqcount_t read side operations * will complete successfully and see data older than this. */ #define write_seqcount_invalidate(s) \ write_seqcount_t_invalidate(__seqcount_ptr(s)) static inline void write_seqcount_t_invalidate(seqcount_t *s) { smp_wmb(); kcsan_nestable_atomic_begin(); s->sequence+=2; kcsan_nestable_atomic_end(); } /* * Latch sequence counters (seqcount_latch_t) * * A sequence counter variant where the counter even/odd value is used to * switch between two copies of protected data. This allows the read path, * typically NMIs, to safely interrupt the write side critical section. * * As the write sections are fully preemptible, no special handling for * PREEMPT_RT is needed. */ typedef struct { seqcount_t seqcount; } seqcount_latch_t; /** * SEQCNT_LATCH_ZERO() - static initializer for seqcount_latch_t * @seq_name: Name of the seqcount_latch_t instance */ #define SEQCNT_LATCH_ZERO(seq_name) { \ .seqcount = SEQCNT_ZERO(seq_name.seqcount), \ } /** * seqcount_latch_init() - runtime initializer for seqcount_latch_t * @s: Pointer to the seqcount_latch_t instance */ #define seqcount_latch_init(s) seqcount_init(&(s)->seqcount) /** * raw_read_seqcount_latch() - pick even/odd latch data copy * @s: Pointer to seqcount_latch_t * * See raw_write_seqcount_latch() for details and a full reader/writer * usage example. * * Return: sequence counter raw value. Use the lowest bit as an index for * picking which data copy to read. The full counter must then be checked * with read_seqcount_latch_retry(). */ static inline unsigned raw_read_seqcount_latch(const seqcount_latch_t *s) { /* * Pairs with the first smp_wmb() in raw_write_seqcount_latch(). * Due to the dependent load, a full smp_rmb() is not needed. */ return READ_ONCE(s->seqcount.sequence); } /** * read_seqcount_latch_retry() - end a seqcount_latch_t read section * @s: Pointer to seqcount_latch_t * @start: count, from raw_read_seqcount_latch() * * Return: true if a read section retry is required, else false */ static inline int read_seqcount_latch_retry(const seqcount_latch_t *s, unsigned start) { return read_seqcount_retry(&s->seqcount, start); } /** * raw_write_seqcount_latch() - redirect latch readers to even/odd copy * @s: Pointer to seqcount_latch_t * * The latch technique is a multiversion concurrency control method that allows * queries during non-atomic modifications. If you can guarantee queries never * interrupt the modification -- e.g. the concurrency is strictly between CPUs * -- you most likely do not need this. * * Where the traditional RCU/lockless data structures rely on atomic * modifications to ensure queries observe either the old or the new state the * latch allows the same for non-atomic updates. The trade-off is doubling the * cost of storage; we have to maintain two copies of the entire data * structure. * * Very simply put: we first modify one copy and then the other. This ensures * there is always one copy in a stable state, ready to give us an answer. * * The basic form is a data structure like:: * * struct latch_struct { * seqcount_latch_t seq; * struct data_struct data[2]; * }; * * Where a modification, which is assumed to be externally serialized, does the * following:: * * void latch_modify(struct latch_struct *latch, ...) * { * smp_wmb(); // Ensure that the last data[1] update is visible * latch->seq.sequence++; * smp_wmb(); // Ensure that the seqcount update is visible * * modify(latch->data[0], ...); * * smp_wmb(); // Ensure that the data[0] update is visible * latch->seq.sequence++; * smp_wmb(); // Ensure that the seqcount update is visible * * modify(latch->data[1], ...); * } * * The query will have a form like:: * * struct entry *latch_query(struct latch_struct *latch, ...) * { * struct entry *entry; * unsigned seq, idx; * * do { * seq = raw_read_seqcount_latch(&latch->seq); * * idx = seq & 0x01; * entry = data_query(latch->data[idx], ...); * * // This includes needed smp_rmb() * } while (read_seqcount_latch_retry(&latch->seq, seq)); * * return entry; * } * * So during the modification, queries are first redirected to data[1]. Then we * modify data[0]. When that is complete, we redirect queries back to data[0] * and we can modify data[1]. * * NOTE: * * The non-requirement for atomic modifications does _NOT_ include * the publishing of new entries in the case where data is a dynamic * data structure. * * An iteration might start in data[0] and get suspended long enough * to miss an entire modification sequence, once it resumes it might * observe the new entry. * * NOTE2: * * When data is a dynamic data structure; one should use regular RCU * patterns to manage the lifetimes of the objects within. */ static inline void raw_write_seqcount_latch(seqcount_latch_t *s) { smp_wmb(); /* prior stores before incrementing "sequence" */ s->seqcount.sequence++; smp_wmb(); /* increment "sequence" before following stores */ } /* * Sequential locks (seqlock_t) * * Sequence counters with an embedded spinlock for writer serialization * and non-preemptibility. * * For more info, see: * - Comments on top of seqcount_t * - Documentation/locking/seqlock.rst */ typedef struct { /* * Make sure that readers don't starve writers on PREEMPT_RT: use * seqcount_spinlock_t instead of seqcount_t. Check __SEQ_LOCK(). */ seqcount_spinlock_t seqcount; spinlock_t lock; } seqlock_t; #define __SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED(lockname) \ { \ .seqcount = SEQCNT_SPINLOCK_ZERO(lockname, &(lockname).lock), \ .lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(lockname) \ } /** * seqlock_init() - dynamic initializer for seqlock_t * @sl: Pointer to the seqlock_t instance */ #define seqlock_init(sl) \ do { \ spin_lock_init(&(sl)->lock); \ seqcount_spinlock_init(&(sl)->seqcount, &(sl)->lock); \ } while (0) /** * DEFINE_SEQLOCK(sl) - Define a statically allocated seqlock_t * @sl: Name of the seqlock_t instance */ #define DEFINE_SEQLOCK(sl) \ seqlock_t sl = __SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED(sl) /** * read_seqbegin() - start a seqlock_t read side critical section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * Return: count, to be passed to read_seqretry() */ static inline unsigned read_seqbegin(const seqlock_t *sl) { unsigned ret = read_seqcount_begin(&sl->seqcount); kcsan_atomic_next(0); /* non-raw usage, assume closing read_seqretry() */ kcsan_flat_atomic_begin(); return ret; } /** * read_seqretry() - end a seqlock_t read side section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * @start: count, from read_seqbegin() * * read_seqretry closes the read side critical section of given seqlock_t. * If the critical section was invalid, it must be ignored (and typically * retried). * * Return: true if a read section retry is required, else false */ static inline unsigned read_seqretry(const seqlock_t *sl, unsigned start) { /* * Assume not nested: read_seqretry() may be called multiple times when * completing read critical section. */ kcsan_flat_atomic_end(); return read_seqcount_retry(&sl->seqcount, start); } /* * For all seqlock_t write side functions, use write_seqcount_*t*_begin() * instead of the generic write_seqcount_begin(). This way, no redundant * lockdep_assert_held() checks are added. */ /** * write_seqlock() - start a seqlock_t write side critical section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * write_seqlock opens a write side critical section for the given * seqlock_t. It also implicitly acquires the spinlock_t embedded inside * that sequential lock. All seqlock_t write side sections are thus * automatically serialized and non-preemptible. * * Context: if the seqlock_t read section, or other write side critical * sections, can be invoked from hardirq or softirq contexts, use the * _irqsave or _bh variants of this function instead. */ static inline void write_seqlock(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock(&sl->lock); write_seqcount_t_begin(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); } /** * write_sequnlock() - end a seqlock_t write side critical section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * write_sequnlock closes the (serialized and non-preemptible) write side * critical section of given seqlock_t. */ static inline void write_sequnlock(seqlock_t *sl) { write_seqcount_t_end(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); spin_unlock(&sl->lock); } /** * write_seqlock_bh() - start a softirqs-disabled seqlock_t write section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * _bh variant of write_seqlock(). Use only if the read side section, or * other write side sections, can be invoked from softirq contexts. */ static inline void write_seqlock_bh(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock_bh(&sl->lock); write_seqcount_t_begin(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); } /** * write_sequnlock_bh() - end a softirqs-disabled seqlock_t write section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * write_sequnlock_bh closes the serialized, non-preemptible, and * softirqs-disabled, seqlock_t write side critical section opened with * write_seqlock_bh(). */ static inline void write_sequnlock_bh(seqlock_t *sl) { write_seqcount_t_end(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); spin_unlock_bh(&sl->lock); } /** * write_seqlock_irq() - start a non-interruptible seqlock_t write section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * _irq variant of write_seqlock(). Use only if the read side section, or * other write sections, can be invoked from hardirq contexts. */ static inline void write_seqlock_irq(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock_irq(&sl->lock); write_seqcount_t_begin(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); } /** * write_sequnlock_irq() - end a non-interruptible seqlock_t write section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * write_sequnlock_irq closes the serialized and non-interruptible * seqlock_t write side section opened with write_seqlock_irq(). */ static inline void write_sequnlock_irq(seqlock_t *sl) { write_seqcount_t_end(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); spin_unlock_irq(&sl->lock); } static inline unsigned long __write_seqlock_irqsave(seqlock_t *sl) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&sl->lock, flags); write_seqcount_t_begin(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); return flags; } /** * write_seqlock_irqsave() - start a non-interruptible seqlock_t write * section * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @flags: Stack-allocated storage for saving caller's local interrupt * state, to be passed to write_sequnlock_irqrestore(). * * _irqsave variant of write_seqlock(). Use it only if the read side * section, or other write sections, can be invoked from hardirq context. */ #define write_seqlock_irqsave(lock, flags) \ do { flags = __write_seqlock_irqsave(lock); } while (0) /** * write_sequnlock_irqrestore() - end non-interruptible seqlock_t write * section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * @flags: Caller's saved interrupt state, from write_seqlock_irqsave() * * write_sequnlock_irqrestore closes the serialized and non-interruptible * seqlock_t write section previously opened with write_seqlock_irqsave(). */ static inline void write_sequnlock_irqrestore(seqlock_t *sl, unsigned long flags) { write_seqcount_t_end(&sl->seqcount.seqcount); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sl->lock, flags); } /** * read_seqlock_excl() - begin a seqlock_t locking reader section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * read_seqlock_excl opens a seqlock_t locking reader critical section. A * locking reader exclusively locks out *both* other writers *and* other * locking readers, but it does not update the embedded sequence number. * * Locking readers act like a normal spin_lock()/spin_unlock(). * * Context: if the seqlock_t write section, *or other read sections*, can * be invoked from hardirq or softirq contexts, use the _irqsave or _bh * variant of this function instead. * * The opened read section must be closed with read_sequnlock_excl(). */ static inline void read_seqlock_excl(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock(&sl->lock); } /** * read_sequnlock_excl() - end a seqlock_t locking reader critical section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t */ static inline void read_sequnlock_excl(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_unlock(&sl->lock); } /** * read_seqlock_excl_bh() - start a seqlock_t locking reader section with * softirqs disabled * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * _bh variant of read_seqlock_excl(). Use this variant only if the * seqlock_t write side section, *or other read sections*, can be invoked * from softirq contexts. */ static inline void read_seqlock_excl_bh(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock_bh(&sl->lock); } /** * read_sequnlock_excl_bh() - stop a seqlock_t softirq-disabled locking * reader section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t */ static inline void read_sequnlock_excl_bh(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_unlock_bh(&sl->lock); } /** * read_seqlock_excl_irq() - start a non-interruptible seqlock_t locking * reader section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * * _irq variant of read_seqlock_excl(). Use this only if the seqlock_t * write side section, *or other read sections*, can be invoked from a * hardirq context. */ static inline void read_seqlock_excl_irq(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_lock_irq(&sl->lock); } /** * read_sequnlock_excl_irq() - end an interrupts-disabled seqlock_t * locking reader section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t */ static inline void read_sequnlock_excl_irq(seqlock_t *sl) { spin_unlock_irq(&sl->lock); } static inline unsigned long __read_seqlock_excl_irqsave(seqlock_t *sl) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&sl->lock, flags); return flags; } /** * read_seqlock_excl_irqsave() - start a non-interruptible seqlock_t * locking reader section * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @flags: Stack-allocated storage for saving caller's local interrupt * state, to be passed to read_sequnlock_excl_irqrestore(). * * _irqsave variant of read_seqlock_excl(). Use this only if the seqlock_t * write side section, *or other read sections*, can be invoked from a * hardirq context. */ #define read_seqlock_excl_irqsave(lock, flags) \ do { flags = __read_seqlock_excl_irqsave(lock); } while (0) /** * read_sequnlock_excl_irqrestore() - end non-interruptible seqlock_t * locking reader section * @sl: Pointer to seqlock_t * @flags: Caller saved interrupt state, from read_seqlock_excl_irqsave() */ static inline void read_sequnlock_excl_irqrestore(seqlock_t *sl, unsigned long flags) { spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sl->lock, flags); } /** * read_seqbegin_or_lock() - begin a seqlock_t lockless or locking reader * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @seq : Marker and return parameter. If the passed value is even, the * reader will become a *lockless* seqlock_t reader as in read_seqbegin(). * If the passed value is odd, the reader will become a *locking* reader * as in read_seqlock_excl(). In the first call to this function, the * caller *must* initialize and pass an even value to @seq; this way, a * lockless read can be optimistically tried first. * * read_seqbegin_or_lock is an API designed to optimistically try a normal * lockless seqlock_t read section first. If an odd counter is found, the * lockless read trial has failed, and the next read iteration transforms * itself into a full seqlock_t locking reader. * * This is typically used to avoid seqlock_t lockless readers starvation * (too much retry loops) in the case of a sharp spike in write side * activity. * * Context: if the seqlock_t write section, *or other read sections*, can * be invoked from hardirq or softirq contexts, use the _irqsave or _bh * variant of this function instead. * * Check Documentation/locking/seqlock.rst for template example code. * * Return: the encountered sequence counter value, through the @seq * parameter, which is overloaded as a return parameter. This returned * value must be checked with need_seqretry(). If the read section need to * be retried, this returned value must also be passed as the @seq * parameter of the next read_seqbegin_or_lock() iteration. */ static inline void read_seqbegin_or_lock(seqlock_t *lock, int *seq) { if (!(*seq & 1)) /* Even */ *seq = read_seqbegin(lock); else /* Odd */ read_seqlock_excl(lock); } /** * need_seqretry() - validate seqlock_t "locking or lockless" read section * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @seq: sequence count, from read_seqbegin_or_lock() * * Return: true if a read section retry is required, false otherwise */ static inline int need_seqretry(seqlock_t *lock, int seq) { return !(seq & 1) && read_seqretry(lock, seq); } /** * done_seqretry() - end seqlock_t "locking or lockless" reader section * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @seq: count, from read_seqbegin_or_lock() * * done_seqretry finishes the seqlock_t read side critical section started * with read_seqbegin_or_lock() and validated by need_seqretry(). */ static inline void done_seqretry(seqlock_t *lock, int seq) { if (seq & 1) read_sequnlock_excl(lock); } /** * read_seqbegin_or_lock_irqsave() - begin a seqlock_t lockless reader, or * a non-interruptible locking reader * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @seq: Marker and return parameter. Check read_seqbegin_or_lock(). * * This is the _irqsave variant of read_seqbegin_or_lock(). Use it only if * the seqlock_t write section, *or other read sections*, can be invoked * from hardirq context. * * Note: Interrupts will be disabled only for "locking reader" mode. * * Return: * * 1. The saved local interrupts state in case of a locking reader, to * be passed to done_seqretry_irqrestore(). * * 2. The encountered sequence counter value, returned through @seq * overloaded as a return parameter. Check read_seqbegin_or_lock(). */ static inline unsigned long read_seqbegin_or_lock_irqsave(seqlock_t *lock, int *seq) { unsigned long flags = 0; if (!(*seq & 1)) /* Even */ *seq = read_seqbegin(lock); else /* Odd */ read_seqlock_excl_irqsave(lock, flags); return flags; } /** * done_seqretry_irqrestore() - end a seqlock_t lockless reader, or a * non-interruptible locking reader section * @lock: Pointer to seqlock_t * @seq: Count, from read_seqbegin_or_lock_irqsave() * @flags: Caller's saved local interrupt state in case of a locking * reader, also from read_seqbegin_or_lock_irqsave() * * This is the _irqrestore variant of done_seqretry(). The read section * must've been opened with read_seqbegin_or_lock_irqsave(), and validated * by need_seqretry(). */ static inline void done_seqretry_irqrestore(seqlock_t *lock, int seq, unsigned long flags) { if (seq & 1) read_sequnlock_excl_irqrestore(lock, flags); } #endif /* __LINUX_SEQLOCK_H */
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2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_H /* * Define 'struct task_struct' and provide the main scheduler * APIs (schedule(), wakeup variants, etc.) */ #include <uapi/linux/sched.h> #include <asm/current.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/sem.h> #include <linux/shm.h> #include <linux/kcov.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/plist.h> #include <linux/hrtimer.h> #include <linux/irqflags.h> #include <linux/seccomp.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/latencytop.h> #include <linux/sched/prio.h> #include <linux/sched/types.h> #include <linux/signal_types.h> #include <linux/mm_types_task.h> #include <linux/task_io_accounting.h> #include <linux/posix-timers.h> #include <linux/rseq.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/kcsan.h> /* task_struct member predeclarations (sorted alphabetically): */ struct audit_context; struct backing_dev_info; struct bio_list; struct blk_plug; struct capture_control; struct cfs_rq; struct fs_struct; struct futex_pi_state; struct io_context; struct mempolicy; struct nameidata; struct nsproxy; struct perf_event_context; struct pid_namespace; struct pipe_inode_info; struct rcu_node; struct reclaim_state; struct robust_list_head; struct root_domain; struct rq; struct sched_attr; struct sched_param; struct seq_file; struct sighand_struct; struct signal_struct; struct task_delay_info; struct task_group; struct io_uring_task; /* * Task state bitmask. NOTE! These bits are also * encoded in fs/proc/array.c: get_task_state(). * * We have two separate sets of flags: task->state * is about runnability, while task->exit_state are * about the task exiting. Confusing, but this way * modifying one set can't modify the other one by * mistake. */ /* Used in tsk->state: */ #define TASK_RUNNING 0x0000 #define TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE 0x0001 #define TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE 0x0002 #define __TASK_STOPPED 0x0004 #define __TASK_TRACED 0x0008 /* Used in tsk->exit_state: */ #define EXIT_DEAD 0x0010 #define EXIT_ZOMBIE 0x0020 #define EXIT_TRACE (EXIT_ZOMBIE | EXIT_DEAD) /* Used in tsk->state again: */ #define TASK_PARKED 0x0040 #define TASK_DEAD 0x0080 #define TASK_WAKEKILL 0x0100 #define TASK_WAKING 0x0200 #define TASK_NOLOAD 0x0400 #define TASK_NEW 0x0800 #define TASK_STATE_MAX 0x1000 /* Convenience macros for the sake of set_current_state: */ #define TASK_KILLABLE (TASK_WAKEKILL | TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) #define TASK_STOPPED (TASK_WAKEKILL | __TASK_STOPPED) #define TASK_TRACED (TASK_WAKEKILL | __TASK_TRACED) #define TASK_IDLE (TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE | TASK_NOLOAD) /* Convenience macros for the sake of wake_up(): */ #define TASK_NORMAL (TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE | TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE) /* get_task_state(): */ #define TASK_REPORT (TASK_RUNNING | TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE | \ TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE | __TASK_STOPPED | \ __TASK_TRACED | EXIT_DEAD | EXIT_ZOMBIE | \ TASK_PARKED) #define task_is_traced(task) ((task->state & __TASK_TRACED) != 0) #define task_is_stopped(task) ((task->state & __TASK_STOPPED) != 0) #define task_is_stopped_or_traced(task) ((task->state & (__TASK_STOPPED | __TASK_TRACED)) != 0) #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP /* * Special states are those that do not use the normal wait-loop pattern. See * the comment with set_special_state(). */ #define is_special_task_state(state) \ ((state) & (__TASK_STOPPED | __TASK_TRACED | TASK_PARKED | TASK_DEAD)) #define __set_current_state(state_value) \ do { \ WARN_ON_ONCE(is_special_task_state(state_value));\ current->task_state_change = _THIS_IP_; \ current->state = (state_value); \ } while (0) #define set_current_state(state_value) \ do { \ WARN_ON_ONCE(is_special_task_state(state_value));\ current->task_state_change = _THIS_IP_; \ smp_store_mb(current->state, (state_value)); \ } while (0) #define set_special_state(state_value) \ do { \ unsigned long flags; /* may shadow */ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_special_task_state(state_value)); \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ current->task_state_change = _THIS_IP_; \ current->state = (state_value); \ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ } while (0) #else /* * set_current_state() includes a barrier so that the write of current->state * is correctly serialised wrt the caller's subsequent test of whether to * actually sleep: * * for (;;) { * set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); * if (CONDITION) * break; * * schedule(); * } * __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING); * * If the caller does not need such serialisation (because, for instance, the * CONDITION test and condition change and wakeup are under the same lock) then * use __set_current_state(). * * The above is typically ordered against the wakeup, which does: * * CONDITION = 1; * wake_up_state(p, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); * * where wake_up_state()/try_to_wake_up() executes a full memory barrier before * accessing p->state. * * Wakeup will do: if (@state & p->state) p->state = TASK_RUNNING, that is, * once it observes the TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE store the waking CPU can issue a * TASK_RUNNING store which can collide with __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING). * * However, with slightly different timing the wakeup TASK_RUNNING store can * also collide with the TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE store. Losing that store is not * a problem either because that will result in one extra go around the loop * and our @cond test will save the day. * * Also see the comments of try_to_wake_up(). */ #define __set_current_state(state_value) \ current->state = (state_value) #define set_current_state(state_value) \ smp_store_mb(current->state, (state_value)) /* * set_special_state() should be used for those states when the blocking task * can not use the regular condition based wait-loop. In that case we must * serialize against wakeups such that any possible in-flight TASK_RUNNING stores * will not collide with our state change. */ #define set_special_state(state_value) \ do { \ unsigned long flags; /* may shadow */ \ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ current->state = (state_value); \ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&current->pi_lock, flags); \ } while (0) #endif /* Task command name length: */ #define TASK_COMM_LEN 16 extern void scheduler_tick(void); #define MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT LONG_MAX extern long schedule_timeout(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_interruptible(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_killable(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(long timeout); extern long schedule_timeout_idle(long timeout); asmlinkage void schedule(void); extern void schedule_preempt_disabled(void); asmlinkage void preempt_schedule_irq(void); extern int __must_check io_schedule_prepare(void); extern void io_schedule_finish(int token); extern long io_schedule_timeout(long timeout); extern void io_schedule(void); /** * struct prev_cputime - snapshot of system and user cputime * @utime: time spent in user mode * @stime: time spent in system mode * @lock: protects the above two fields * * Stores previous user/system time values such that we can guarantee * monotonicity. */ struct prev_cputime { #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE u64 utime; u64 stime; raw_spinlock_t lock; #endif }; enum vtime_state { /* Task is sleeping or running in a CPU with VTIME inactive: */ VTIME_INACTIVE = 0, /* Task is idle */ VTIME_IDLE, /* Task runs in kernelspace in a CPU with VTIME active: */ VTIME_SYS, /* Task runs in userspace in a CPU with VTIME active: */ VTIME_USER, /* Task runs as guests in a CPU with VTIME active: */ VTIME_GUEST, }; struct vtime { seqcount_t seqcount; unsigned long long starttime; enum vtime_state state; unsigned int cpu; u64 utime; u64 stime; u64 gtime; }; /* * Utilization clamp constraints. * @UCLAMP_MIN: Minimum utilization * @UCLAMP_MAX: Maximum utilization * @UCLAMP_CNT: Utilization clamp constraints count */ enum uclamp_id { UCLAMP_MIN = 0, UCLAMP_MAX, UCLAMP_CNT }; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern struct root_domain def_root_domain; extern struct mutex sched_domains_mutex; #endif struct sched_info { #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_INFO /* Cumulative counters: */ /* # of times we have run on this CPU: */ unsigned long pcount; /* Time spent waiting on a runqueue: */ unsigned long long run_delay; /* Timestamps: */ /* When did we last run on a CPU? */ unsigned long long last_arrival; /* When were we last queued to run? */ unsigned long long last_queued; #endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_INFO */ }; /* * Integer metrics need fixed point arithmetic, e.g., sched/fair * has a few: load, load_avg, util_avg, freq, and capacity. * * We define a basic fixed point arithmetic range, and then formalize * all these metrics based on that basic range. */ # define SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT 10 # define SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SCALE (1L << SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT) /* Increase resolution of cpu_capacity calculations */ # define SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT # define SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE (1L << SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT) struct load_weight { unsigned long weight; u32 inv_weight; }; /** * struct util_est - Estimation utilization of FAIR tasks * @enqueued: instantaneous estimated utilization of a task/cpu * @ewma: the Exponential Weighted Moving Average (EWMA) * utilization of a task * * Support data structure to track an Exponential Weighted Moving Average * (EWMA) of a FAIR task's utilization. New samples are added to the moving * average each time a task completes an activation. Sample's weight is chosen * so that the EWMA will be relatively insensitive to transient changes to the * task's workload. * * The enqueued attribute has a slightly different meaning for tasks and cpus: * - task: the task's util_avg at last task dequeue time * - cfs_rq: the sum of util_est.enqueued for each RUNNABLE task on that CPU * Thus, the util_est.enqueued of a task represents the contribution on the * estimated utilization of the CPU where that task is currently enqueued. * * Only for tasks we track a moving average of the past instantaneous * estimated utilization. This allows to absorb sporadic drops in utilization * of an otherwise almost periodic task. * * The UTIL_AVG_UNCHANGED flag is used to synchronize util_est with util_avg * updates. When a task is dequeued, its util_est should not be updated if its * util_avg has not been updated in the meantime. * This information is mapped into the MSB bit of util_est.enqueued at dequeue * time. Since max value of util_est.enqueued for a task is 1024 (PELT util_avg * for a task) it is safe to use MSB. */ struct util_est { unsigned int enqueued; unsigned int ewma; #define UTIL_EST_WEIGHT_SHIFT 2 #define UTIL_AVG_UNCHANGED 0x80000000 } __attribute__((__aligned__(sizeof(u64)))); /* * The load/runnable/util_avg accumulates an infinite geometric series * (see __update_load_avg_cfs_rq() in kernel/sched/pelt.c). * * [load_avg definition] * * load_avg = runnable% * scale_load_down(load) * * [runnable_avg definition] * * runnable_avg = runnable% * SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE * * [util_avg definition] * * util_avg = running% * SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE * * where runnable% is the time ratio that a sched_entity is runnable and * running% the time ratio that a sched_entity is running. * * For cfs_rq, they are the aggregated values of all runnable and blocked * sched_entities. * * The load/runnable/util_avg doesn't directly factor frequency scaling and CPU * capacity scaling. The scaling is done through the rq_clock_pelt that is used * for computing those signals (see update_rq_clock_pelt()) * * N.B., the above ratios (runnable% and running%) themselves are in the * range of [0, 1]. To do fixed point arithmetics, we therefore scale them * to as large a range as necessary. This is for example reflected by * util_avg's SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE. * * [Overflow issue] * * The 64-bit load_sum can have 4353082796 (=2^64/47742/88761) entities * with the highest load (=88761), always runnable on a single cfs_rq, * and should not overflow as the number already hits PID_MAX_LIMIT. * * For all other cases (including 32-bit kernels), struct load_weight's * weight will overflow first before we do, because: * * Max(load_avg) <= Max(load.weight) * * Then it is the load_weight's responsibility to consider overflow * issues. */ struct sched_avg { u64 last_update_time; u64 load_sum; u64 runnable_sum; u32 util_sum; u32 period_contrib; unsigned long load_avg; unsigned long runnable_avg; unsigned long util_avg; struct util_est util_est; } ____cacheline_aligned; struct sched_statistics { #ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS u64 wait_start; u64 wait_max; u64 wait_count; u64 wait_sum; u64 iowait_count; u64 iowait_sum; u64 sleep_start; u64 sleep_max; s64 sum_sleep_runtime; u64 block_start; u64 block_max; u64 exec_max; u64 slice_max; u64 nr_migrations_cold; u64 nr_failed_migrations_affine; u64 nr_failed_migrations_running; u64 nr_failed_migrations_hot; u64 nr_forced_migrations; u64 nr_wakeups; u64 nr_wakeups_sync; u64 nr_wakeups_migrate; u64 nr_wakeups_local; u64 nr_wakeups_remote; u64 nr_wakeups_affine; u64 nr_wakeups_affine_attempts; u64 nr_wakeups_passive; u64 nr_wakeups_idle; #endif }; struct sched_entity { /* For load-balancing: */ struct load_weight load; struct rb_node run_node; struct list_head group_node; unsigned int on_rq; u64 exec_start; u64 sum_exec_runtime; u64 vruntime; u64 prev_sum_exec_runtime; u64 nr_migrations; struct sched_statistics statistics; #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED int depth; struct sched_entity *parent; /* rq on which this entity is (to be) queued: */ struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq; /* rq "owned" by this entity/group: */ struct cfs_rq *my_q; /* cached value of my_q->h_nr_running */ unsigned long runnable_weight; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* * Per entity load average tracking. * * Put into separate cache line so it does not * collide with read-mostly values above. */ struct sched_avg avg; #endif }; struct sched_rt_entity { struct list_head run_list; unsigned long timeout; unsigned long watchdog_stamp; unsigned int time_slice; unsigned short on_rq; unsigned short on_list; struct sched_rt_entity *back; #ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED struct sched_rt_entity *parent; /* rq on which this entity is (to be) queued: */ struct rt_rq *rt_rq; /* rq "owned" by this entity/group: */ struct rt_rq *my_q; #endif } __randomize_layout; struct sched_dl_entity { struct rb_node rb_node; /* * Original scheduling parameters. Copied here from sched_attr * during sched_setattr(), they will remain the same until * the next sched_setattr(). */ u64 dl_runtime; /* Maximum runtime for each instance */ u64 dl_deadline; /* Relative deadline of each instance */ u64 dl_period; /* Separation of two instances (period) */ u64 dl_bw; /* dl_runtime / dl_period */ u64 dl_density; /* dl_runtime / dl_deadline */ /* * Actual scheduling parameters. Initialized with the values above, * they are continuously updated during task execution. Note that * the remaining runtime could be < 0 in case we are in overrun. */ s64 runtime; /* Remaining runtime for this instance */ u64 deadline; /* Absolute deadline for this instance */ unsigned int flags; /* Specifying the scheduler behaviour */ /* * Some bool flags: * * @dl_throttled tells if we exhausted the runtime. If so, the * task has to wait for a replenishment to be performed at the * next firing of dl_timer. * * @dl_boosted tells if we are boosted due to DI. If so we are * outside bandwidth enforcement mechanism (but only until we * exit the critical section); * * @dl_yielded tells if task gave up the CPU before consuming * all its available runtime during the last job. * * @dl_non_contending tells if the task is inactive while still * contributing to the active utilization. In other words, it * indicates if the inactive timer has been armed and its handler * has not been executed yet. This flag is useful to avoid race * conditions between the inactive timer handler and the wakeup * code. * * @dl_overrun tells if the task asked to be informed about runtime * overruns. */ unsigned int dl_throttled : 1; unsigned int dl_yielded : 1; unsigned int dl_non_contending : 1; unsigned int dl_overrun : 1; /* * Bandwidth enforcement timer. Each -deadline task has its * own bandwidth to be enforced, thus we need one timer per task. */ struct hrtimer dl_timer; /* * Inactive timer, responsible for decreasing the active utilization * at the "0-lag time". When a -deadline task blocks, it contributes * to GRUB's active utilization until the "0-lag time", hence a * timer is needed to decrease the active utilization at the correct * time. */ struct hrtimer inactive_timer; #ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES /* * Priority Inheritance. When a DEADLINE scheduling entity is boosted * pi_se points to the donor, otherwise points to the dl_se it belongs * to (the original one/itself). */ struct sched_dl_entity *pi_se; #endif }; #ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK /* Number of utilization clamp buckets (shorter alias) */ #define UCLAMP_BUCKETS CONFIG_UCLAMP_BUCKETS_COUNT /* * Utilization clamp for a scheduling entity * @value: clamp value "assigned" to a se * @bucket_id: bucket index corresponding to the "assigned" value * @active: the se is currently refcounted in a rq's bucket * @user_defined: the requested clamp value comes from user-space * * The bucket_id is the index of the clamp bucket matching the clamp value * which is pre-computed and stored to avoid expensive integer divisions from * the fast path. * * The active bit is set whenever a task has got an "effective" value assigned, * which can be different from the clamp value "requested" from user-space. * This allows to know a task is refcounted in the rq's bucket corresponding * to the "effective" bucket_id. * * The user_defined bit is set whenever a task has got a task-specific clamp * value requested from userspace, i.e. the system defaults apply to this task * just as a restriction. This allows to relax default clamps when a less * restrictive task-specific value has been requested, thus allowing to * implement a "nice" semantic. For example, a task running with a 20% * default boost can still drop its own boosting to 0%. */ struct uclamp_se { unsigned int value : bits_per(SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE); unsigned int bucket_id : bits_per(UCLAMP_BUCKETS); unsigned int active : 1; unsigned int user_defined : 1; }; #endif /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK */ union rcu_special { struct { u8 blocked; u8 need_qs; u8 exp_hint; /* Hint for performance. */ u8 need_mb; /* Readers need smp_mb(). */ } b; /* Bits. */ u32 s; /* Set of bits. */ }; enum perf_event_task_context { perf_invalid_context = -1, perf_hw_context = 0, perf_sw_context, perf_nr_task_contexts, }; struct wake_q_node { struct wake_q_node *next; }; struct task_struct { #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* * For reasons of header soup (see current_thread_info()), this * must be the first element of task_struct. */ struct thread_info thread_info; #endif /* -1 unrunnable, 0 runnable, >0 stopped: */ volatile long state; /* * This begins the randomizable portion of task_struct. Only * scheduling-critical items should be added above here. */ randomized_struct_fields_start void *stack; refcount_t usage; /* Per task flags (PF_*), defined further below: */ unsigned int flags; unsigned int ptrace; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int on_cpu; struct __call_single_node wake_entry; #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* Current CPU: */ unsigned int cpu; #endif unsigned int wakee_flips; unsigned long wakee_flip_decay_ts; struct task_struct *last_wakee; /* * recent_used_cpu is initially set as the last CPU used by a task * that wakes affine another task. Waker/wakee relationships can * push tasks around a CPU where each wakeup moves to the next one. * Tracking a recently used CPU allows a quick search for a recently * used CPU that may be idle. */ int recent_used_cpu; int wake_cpu; #endif int on_rq; int prio; int static_prio; int normal_prio; unsigned int rt_priority; const struct sched_class *sched_class; struct sched_entity se; struct sched_rt_entity rt; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED struct task_group *sched_task_group; #endif struct sched_dl_entity dl; #ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK /* * Clamp values requested for a scheduling entity. * Must be updated with task_rq_lock() held. */ struct uclamp_se uclamp_req[UCLAMP_CNT]; /* * Effective clamp values used for a scheduling entity. * Must be updated with task_rq_lock() held. */ struct uclamp_se uclamp[UCLAMP_CNT]; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS /* List of struct preempt_notifier: */ struct hlist_head preempt_notifiers; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE unsigned int btrace_seq; #endif unsigned int policy; int nr_cpus_allowed; const cpumask_t *cpus_ptr; cpumask_t cpus_mask; #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU int rcu_read_lock_nesting; union rcu_special rcu_read_unlock_special; struct list_head rcu_node_entry; struct rcu_node *rcu_blocked_node; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU unsigned long rcu_tasks_nvcsw; u8 rcu_tasks_holdout; u8 rcu_tasks_idx; int rcu_tasks_idle_cpu; struct list_head rcu_tasks_holdout_list; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU int trc_reader_nesting; int trc_ipi_to_cpu; union rcu_special trc_reader_special; bool trc_reader_checked; struct list_head trc_holdout_list; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_TRACE_RCU */ struct sched_info sched_info; struct list_head tasks; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP struct plist_node pushable_tasks; struct rb_node pushable_dl_tasks; #endif struct mm_struct *mm; struct mm_struct *active_mm; /* Per-thread vma caching: */ struct vmacache vmacache; #ifdef SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING struct task_rss_stat rss_stat; #endif int exit_state; int exit_code; int exit_signal; /* The signal sent when the parent dies: */ int pdeath_signal; /* JOBCTL_*, siglock protected: */ unsigned long jobctl; /* Used for emulating ABI behavior of previous Linux versions: */ unsigned int personality; /* Scheduler bits, serialized by scheduler locks: */ unsigned sched_reset_on_fork:1; unsigned sched_contributes_to_load:1; unsigned sched_migrated:1; #ifdef CONFIG_PSI unsigned sched_psi_wake_requeue:1; #endif /* Force alignment to the next boundary: */ unsigned :0; /* Unserialized, strictly 'current' */ /* * This field must not be in the scheduler word above due to wakelist * queueing no longer being serialized by p->on_cpu. However: * * p->XXX = X; ttwu() * schedule() if (p->on_rq && ..) // false * smp_mb__after_spinlock(); if (smp_load_acquire(&p->on_cpu) && //true * deactivate_task() ttwu_queue_wakelist()) * p->on_rq = 0; p->sched_remote_wakeup = Y; * * guarantees all stores of 'current' are visible before * ->sched_remote_wakeup gets used, so it can be in this word. */ unsigned sched_remote_wakeup:1; /* Bit to tell LSMs we're in execve(): */ unsigned in_execve:1; unsigned in_iowait:1; #ifndef TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK unsigned restore_sigmask:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG unsigned in_user_fault:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK unsigned brk_randomized:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS /* disallow userland-initiated cgroup migration */ unsigned no_cgroup_migration:1; /* task is frozen/stopped (used by the cgroup freezer) */ unsigned frozen:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP unsigned use_memdelay:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PSI /* Stalled due to lack of memory */ unsigned in_memstall:1; #endif unsigned long atomic_flags; /* Flags requiring atomic access. */ struct restart_block restart_block; pid_t pid; pid_t tgid; #ifdef CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR /* Canary value for the -fstack-protector GCC feature: */ unsigned long stack_canary; #endif /* * Pointers to the (original) parent process, youngest child, younger sibling, * older sibling, respectively. (p->father can be replaced with * p->real_parent->pid) */ /* Real parent process: */ struct task_struct __rcu *real_parent; /* Recipient of SIGCHLD, wait4() reports: */ struct task_struct __rcu *parent; /* * Children/sibling form the list of natural children: */ struct list_head children; struct list_head sibling; struct task_struct *group_leader; /* * 'ptraced' is the list of tasks this task is using ptrace() on. * * This includes both natural children and PTRACE_ATTACH targets. * 'ptrace_entry' is this task's link on the p->parent->ptraced list. */ struct list_head ptraced; struct list_head ptrace_entry; /* PID/PID hash table linkage. */ struct pid *thread_pid; struct hlist_node pid_links[PIDTYPE_MAX]; struct list_head thread_group; struct list_head thread_node; struct completion *vfork_done; /* CLONE_CHILD_SETTID: */ int __user *set_child_tid; /* CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID: */ int __user *clear_child_tid; u64 utime; u64 stime; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME u64 utimescaled; u64 stimescaled; #endif u64 gtime; struct prev_cputime prev_cputime; #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN struct vtime vtime; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL atomic_t tick_dep_mask; #endif /* Context switch counts: */ unsigned long nvcsw; unsigned long nivcsw; /* Monotonic time in nsecs: */ u64 start_time; /* Boot based time in nsecs: */ u64 start_boottime; /* MM fault and swap info: this can arguably be seen as either mm-specific or thread-specific: */ unsigned long min_flt; unsigned long maj_flt; /* Empty if CONFIG_POSIX_CPUTIMERS=n */ struct posix_cputimers posix_cputimers; #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_CPU_TIMERS_TASK_WORK struct posix_cputimers_work posix_cputimers_work; #endif /* Process credentials: */ /* Tracer's credentials at attach: */ const struct cred __rcu *ptracer_cred; /* Objective and real subjective task credentials (COW): */ const struct cred __rcu *real_cred; /* Effective (overridable) subjective task credentials (COW): */ const struct cred __rcu *cred; #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS /* Cached requested key. */ struct key *cached_requested_key; #endif /* * executable name, excluding path. * * - normally initialized setup_new_exec() * - access it with [gs]et_task_comm() * - lock it with task_lock() */ char comm[TASK_COMM_LEN]; struct nameidata *nameidata; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC struct sysv_sem sysvsem; struct sysv_shm sysvshm; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK unsigned long last_switch_count; unsigned long last_switch_time; #endif /* Filesystem information: */ struct fs_struct *fs; /* Open file information: */ struct files_struct *files; #ifdef CONFIG_IO_URING struct io_uring_task *io_uring; #endif /* Namespaces: */ struct nsproxy *nsproxy; /* Signal handlers: */ struct signal_struct *signal; struct sighand_struct __rcu *sighand; sigset_t blocked; sigset_t real_blocked; /* Restored if set_restore_sigmask() was used: */ sigset_t saved_sigmask; struct sigpending pending; unsigned long sas_ss_sp; size_t sas_ss_size; unsigned int sas_ss_flags; struct callback_head *task_works; #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT #ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL struct audit_context *audit_context; #endif kuid_t loginuid; unsigned int sessionid; #endif struct seccomp seccomp; /* Thread group tracking: */ u64 parent_exec_id; u64 self_exec_id; /* Protection against (de-)allocation: mm, files, fs, tty, keyrings, mems_allowed, mempolicy: */ spinlock_t alloc_lock; /* Protection of the PI data structures: */ raw_spinlock_t pi_lock; struct wake_q_node wake_q; #ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES /* PI waiters blocked on a rt_mutex held by this task: */ struct rb_root_cached pi_waiters; /* Updated under owner's pi_lock and rq lock */ struct task_struct *pi_top_task; /* Deadlock detection and priority inheritance handling: */ struct rt_mutex_waiter *pi_blocked_on; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES /* Mutex deadlock detection: */ struct mutex_waiter *blocked_on; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP int non_block_count; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS struct irqtrace_events irqtrace; unsigned int hardirq_threaded; u64 hardirq_chain_key; int softirqs_enabled; int softirq_context; int irq_config; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP # define MAX_LOCK_DEPTH 48UL u64 curr_chain_key; int lockdep_depth; unsigned int lockdep_recursion; struct held_lock held_locks[MAX_LOCK_DEPTH]; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_UBSAN) && !defined(CONFIG_UBSAN_TRAP) unsigned int in_ubsan; #endif /* Journalling filesystem info: */ void *journal_info; /* Stacked block device info: */ struct bio_list *bio_list; #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK /* Stack plugging: */ struct blk_plug *plug; #endif /* VM state: */ struct reclaim_state *reclaim_state; struct backing_dev_info *backing_dev_info; struct io_context *io_context; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION struct capture_control *capture_control; #endif /* Ptrace state: */ unsigned long ptrace_message; kernel_siginfo_t *last_siginfo; struct task_io_accounting ioac; #ifdef CONFIG_PSI /* Pressure stall state */ unsigned int psi_flags; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_XACCT /* Accumulated RSS usage: */ u64 acct_rss_mem1; /* Accumulated virtual memory usage: */ u64 acct_vm_mem1; /* stime + utime since last update: */ u64 acct_timexpd; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS /* Protected by ->alloc_lock: */ nodemask_t mems_allowed; /* Seqence number to catch updates: */ seqcount_spinlock_t mems_allowed_seq; int cpuset_mem_spread_rotor; int cpuset_slab_spread_rotor; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS /* Control Group info protected by css_set_lock: */ struct css_set __rcu *cgroups; /* cg_list protected by css_set_lock and tsk->alloc_lock: */ struct list_head cg_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_CPU_RESCTRL u32 closid; u32 rmid; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX struct robust_list_head __user *robust_list; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT struct compat_robust_list_head __user *compat_robust_list; #endif struct list_head pi_state_list; struct futex_pi_state *pi_state_cache; struct mutex futex_exit_mutex; unsigned int futex_state; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS struct perf_event_context *perf_event_ctxp[perf_nr_task_contexts]; struct mutex perf_event_mutex; struct list_head perf_event_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT unsigned long preempt_disable_ip; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* Protected by alloc_lock: */ struct mempolicy *mempolicy; short il_prev; short pref_node_fork; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING int numa_scan_seq; unsigned int numa_scan_period; unsigned int numa_scan_period_max; int numa_preferred_nid; unsigned long numa_migrate_retry; /* Migration stamp: */ u64 node_stamp; u64 last_task_numa_placement; u64 last_sum_exec_runtime; struct callback_head numa_work; /* * This pointer is only modified for current in syscall and * pagefault context (and for tasks being destroyed), so it can be read * from any of the following contexts: * - RCU read-side critical section * - current->numa_group from everywhere * - task's runqueue locked, task not running */ struct numa_group __rcu *numa_group; /* * numa_faults is an array split into four regions: * faults_memory, faults_cpu, faults_memory_buffer, faults_cpu_buffer * in this precise order. * * faults_memory: Exponential decaying average of faults on a per-node * basis. Scheduling placement decisions are made based on these * counts. The values remain static for the duration of a PTE scan. * faults_cpu: Track the nodes the process was running on when a NUMA * hinting fault was incurred. * faults_memory_buffer and faults_cpu_buffer: Record faults per node * during the current scan window. When the scan completes, the counts * in faults_memory and faults_cpu decay and these values are copied. */ unsigned long *numa_faults; unsigned long total_numa_faults; /* * numa_faults_locality tracks if faults recorded during the last * scan window were remote/local or failed to migrate. The task scan * period is adapted based on the locality of the faults with different * weights depending on whether they were shared or private faults */ unsigned long numa_faults_locality[3]; unsigned long numa_pages_migrated; #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_RSEQ struct rseq __user *rseq; u32 rseq_sig; /* * RmW on rseq_event_mask must be performed atomically * with respect to preemption. */ unsigned long rseq_event_mask; #endif struct tlbflush_unmap_batch tlb_ubc; union { refcount_t rcu_users; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* Cache last used pipe for splice(): */ struct pipe_inode_info *splice_pipe; struct page_frag task_frag; #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT struct task_delay_info *delays; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION int make_it_fail; unsigned int fail_nth; #endif /* * When (nr_dirtied >= nr_dirtied_pause), it's time to call * balance_dirty_pages() for a dirty throttling pause: */ int nr_dirtied; int nr_dirtied_pause; /* Start of a write-and-pause period: */ unsigned long dirty_paused_when; #ifdef CONFIG_LATENCYTOP int latency_record_count; struct latency_record latency_record[LT_SAVECOUNT]; #endif /* * Time slack values; these are used to round up poll() and * select() etc timeout values. These are in nanoseconds. */ u64 timer_slack_ns; u64 default_timer_slack_ns; #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN unsigned int kasan_depth; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KCSAN struct kcsan_ctx kcsan_ctx; #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS struct irqtrace_events kcsan_save_irqtrace; #endif #endif #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KUNIT) struct kunit *kunit_test; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER /* Index of current stored address in ret_stack: */ int curr_ret_stack; int curr_ret_depth; /* Stack of return addresses for return function tracing: */ struct ftrace_ret_stack *ret_stack; /* Timestamp for last schedule: */ unsigned long long ftrace_timestamp; /* * Number of functions that haven't been traced * because of depth overrun: */ atomic_t trace_overrun; /* Pause tracing: */ atomic_t tracing_graph_pause; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRACING /* State flags for use by tracers: */ unsigned long trace; /* Bitmask and counter of trace recursion: */ unsigned long trace_recursion; #endif /* CONFIG_TRACING */ #ifdef CONFIG_KCOV /* See kernel/kcov.c for more details. */ /* Coverage collection mode enabled for this task (0 if disabled): */ unsigned int kcov_mode; /* Size of the kcov_area: */ unsigned int kcov_size; /* Buffer for coverage collection: */ void *kcov_area; /* KCOV descriptor wired with this task or NULL: */ struct kcov *kcov; /* KCOV common handle for remote coverage collection: */ u64 kcov_handle; /* KCOV sequence number: */ int kcov_sequence; /* Collect coverage from softirq context: */ unsigned int kcov_softirq; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG struct mem_cgroup *memcg_in_oom; gfp_t memcg_oom_gfp_mask; int memcg_oom_order; /* Number of pages to reclaim on returning to userland: */ unsigned int memcg_nr_pages_over_high; /* Used by memcontrol for targeted memcg charge: */ struct mem_cgroup *active_memcg; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP struct request_queue *throttle_queue; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UPROBES struct uprobe_task *utask; #endif #if defined(CONFIG_BCACHE) || defined(CONFIG_BCACHE_MODULE) unsigned int sequential_io; unsigned int sequential_io_avg; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP unsigned long task_state_change; #endif int pagefault_disabled; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU struct task_struct *oom_reaper_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK struct vm_struct *stack_vm_area; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* A live task holds one reference: */ refcount_t stack_refcount; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH int patch_state; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY /* Used by LSM modules for access restriction: */ void *security; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK unsigned long lowest_stack; unsigned long prev_lowest_stack; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_MCE void __user *mce_vaddr; __u64 mce_kflags; u64 mce_addr; __u64 mce_ripv : 1, mce_whole_page : 1, __mce_reserved : 62; struct callback_head mce_kill_me; int mce_count; #endif /* * New fields for task_struct should be added above here, so that * they are included in the randomized portion of task_struct. */ randomized_struct_fields_end /* CPU-specific state of this task: */ struct thread_struct thread; /* * WARNING: on x86, 'thread_struct' contains a variable-sized * structure. It *MUST* be at the end of 'task_struct'. * * Do not put anything below here! */ }; static inline struct pid *task_pid(struct task_struct *task) { return task->thread_pid; } /* * the helpers to get the task's different pids as they are seen * from various namespaces * * task_xid_nr() : global id, i.e. the id seen from the init namespace; * task_xid_vnr() : virtual id, i.e. the id seen from the pid namespace of * current. * task_xid_nr_ns() : id seen from the ns specified; * * see also pid_nr() etc in include/linux/pid.h */ pid_t __task_pid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid_namespace *ns); static inline pid_t task_pid_nr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->pid; } static inline pid_t task_pid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_pid_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_tgid_nr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return tsk->tgid; } /** * pid_alive - check that a task structure is not stale * @p: Task structure to be checked. * * Test if a process is not yet dead (at most zombie state) * If pid_alive fails, then pointers within the task structure * can be stale and must not be dereferenced. * * Return: 1 if the process is alive. 0 otherwise. */ static inline int pid_alive(const struct task_struct *p) { return p->thread_pid != NULL; } static inline pid_t task_pgrp_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PGID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_pgrp_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_PGID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_session_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_SID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_session_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_SID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_tgid_nr_ns(struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_TGID, ns); } static inline pid_t task_tgid_vnr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return __task_pid_nr_ns(tsk, PIDTYPE_TGID, NULL); } static inline pid_t task_ppid_nr_ns(const struct task_struct *tsk, struct pid_namespace *ns) { pid_t pid = 0; rcu_read_lock(); if (pid_alive(tsk)) pid = task_tgid_nr_ns(rcu_dereference(tsk->real_parent), ns); rcu_read_unlock(); return pid; } static inline pid_t task_ppid_nr(const struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_ppid_nr_ns(tsk, &init_pid_ns); } /* Obsolete, do not use: */ static inline pid_t task_pgrp_nr(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_pgrp_nr_ns(tsk, &init_pid_ns); } #define TASK_REPORT_IDLE (TASK_REPORT + 1) #define TASK_REPORT_MAX (TASK_REPORT_IDLE << 1) static inline unsigned int task_state_index(struct task_struct *tsk) { unsigned int tsk_state = READ_ONCE(tsk->state); unsigned int state = (tsk_state | tsk->exit_state) & TASK_REPORT; BUILD_BUG_ON_NOT_POWER_OF_2(TASK_REPORT_MAX); if (tsk_state == TASK_IDLE) state = TASK_REPORT_IDLE; return fls(state); } static inline char task_index_to_char(unsigned int state) { static const char state_char[] = "RSDTtXZPI"; BUILD_BUG_ON(1 + ilog2(TASK_REPORT_MAX) != sizeof(state_char) - 1); return state_char[state]; } static inline char task_state_to_char(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_index_to_char(task_state_index(tsk)); } /** * is_global_init - check if a task structure is init. Since init * is free to have sub-threads we need to check tgid. * @tsk: Task structure to be checked. * * Check if a task structure is the first user space task the kernel created. * * Return: 1 if the task structure is init. 0 otherwise. */ static inline int is_global_init(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_tgid_nr(tsk) == 1; } extern struct pid *cad_pid; /* * Per process flags */ #define PF_VCPU 0x00000001 /* I'm a virtual CPU */ #define PF_IDLE 0x00000002 /* I am an IDLE thread */ #define PF_EXITING 0x00000004 /* Getting shut down */ #define PF_IO_WORKER 0x00000010 /* Task is an IO worker */ #define PF_WQ_WORKER 0x00000020 /* I'm a workqueue worker */ #define PF_FORKNOEXEC 0x00000040 /* Forked but didn't exec */ #define PF_MCE_PROCESS 0x00000080 /* Process policy on mce errors */ #define PF_SUPERPRIV 0x00000100 /* Used super-user privileges */ #define PF_DUMPCORE 0x00000200 /* Dumped core */ #define PF_SIGNALED 0x00000400 /* Killed by a signal */ #define PF_MEMALLOC 0x00000800 /* Allocating memory */ #define PF_NPROC_EXCEEDED 0x00001000 /* set_user() noticed that RLIMIT_NPROC was exceeded */ #define PF_USED_MATH 0x00002000 /* If unset the fpu must be initialized before use */ #define PF_USED_ASYNC 0x00004000 /* Used async_schedule*(), used by module init */ #define PF_NOFREEZE 0x00008000 /* This thread should not be frozen */ #define PF_FROZEN 0x00010000 /* Frozen for system suspend */ #define PF_KSWAPD 0x00020000 /* I am kswapd */ #define PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS 0x00040000 /* All allocation requests will inherit GFP_NOFS */ #define PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO 0x00080000 /* All allocation requests will inherit GFP_NOIO */ #define PF_LOCAL_THROTTLE 0x00100000 /* Throttle writes only against the bdi I write to, * I am cleaning dirty pages from some other bdi. */ #define PF_KTHREAD 0x00200000 /* I am a kernel thread */ #define PF_RANDOMIZE 0x00400000 /* Randomize virtual address space */ #define PF_SWAPWRITE 0x00800000 /* Allowed to write to swap */ #define PF_NO_SETAFFINITY 0x04000000 /* Userland is not allowed to meddle with cpus_mask */ #define PF_MCE_EARLY 0x08000000 /* Early kill for mce process policy */ #define PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA 0x10000000 /* All allocation request will have _GFP_MOVABLE cleared */ #define PF_FREEZER_SKIP 0x40000000 /* Freezer should not count it as freezable */ #define PF_SUSPEND_TASK 0x80000000 /* This thread called freeze_processes() and should not be frozen */ /* * Only the _current_ task can read/write to tsk->flags, but other * tasks can access tsk->flags in readonly mode for example * with tsk_used_math (like during threaded core dumping). * There is however an exception to this rule during ptrace * or during fork: the ptracer task is allowed to write to the * child->flags of its traced child (same goes for fork, the parent * can write to the child->flags), because we're guaranteed the * child is not running and in turn not changing child->flags * at the same time the parent does it. */ #define clear_stopped_child_used_math(child) do { (child)->flags &= ~PF_USED_MATH; } while (0) #define set_stopped_child_used_math(child) do { (child)->flags |= PF_USED_MATH; } while (0) #define clear_used_math() clear_stopped_child_used_math(current) #define set_used_math() set_stopped_child_used_math(current) #define conditional_stopped_child_used_math(condition, child) \ do { (child)->flags &= ~PF_USED_MATH, (child)->flags |= (condition) ? PF_USED_MATH : 0; } while (0) #define conditional_used_math(condition) conditional_stopped_child_used_math(condition, current) #define copy_to_stopped_child_used_math(child) \ do { (child)->flags &= ~PF_USED_MATH, (child)->flags |= current->flags & PF_USED_MATH; } while (0) /* NOTE: this will return 0 or PF_USED_MATH, it will never return 1 */ #define tsk_used_math(p) ((p)->flags & PF_USED_MATH) #define used_math() tsk_used_math(current) static __always_inline bool is_percpu_thread(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return (current->flags & PF_NO_SETAFFINITY) && (current->nr_cpus_allowed == 1); #else return true; #endif } /* Per-process atomic flags. */ #define PFA_NO_NEW_PRIVS 0 /* May not gain new privileges. */ #define PFA_SPREAD_PAGE 1 /* Spread page cache over cpuset */ #define PFA_SPREAD_SLAB 2 /* Spread some slab caches over cpuset */ #define PFA_SPEC_SSB_DISABLE 3 /* Speculative Store Bypass disabled */ #define PFA_SPEC_SSB_FORCE_DISABLE 4 /* Speculative Store Bypass force disabled*/ #define PFA_SPEC_IB_DISABLE 5 /* Indirect branch speculation restricted */ #define PFA_SPEC_IB_FORCE_DISABLE 6 /* Indirect branch speculation permanently restricted */ #define PFA_SPEC_SSB_NOEXEC 7 /* Speculative Store Bypass clear on execve() */ #define TASK_PFA_TEST(name, func) \ static inline bool task_##func(struct task_struct *p) \ { return test_bit(PFA_##name, &p->atomic_flags); } #define TASK_PFA_SET(name, func) \ static inline void task_set_##func(struct task_struct *p) \ { set_bit(PFA_##name, &p->atomic_flags); } #define TASK_PFA_CLEAR(name, func) \ static inline void task_clear_##func(struct task_struct *p) \ { clear_bit(PFA_##name, &p->atomic_flags); } TASK_PFA_TEST(NO_NEW_PRIVS, no_new_privs) TASK_PFA_SET(NO_NEW_PRIVS, no_new_privs) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPREAD_PAGE, spread_page) TASK_PFA_SET(SPREAD_PAGE, spread_page) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPREAD_PAGE, spread_page) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPREAD_SLAB, spread_slab) TASK_PFA_SET(SPREAD_SLAB, spread_slab) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPREAD_SLAB, spread_slab) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_SSB_DISABLE, spec_ssb_disable) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_SSB_DISABLE, spec_ssb_disable) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPEC_SSB_DISABLE, spec_ssb_disable) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_SSB_NOEXEC, spec_ssb_noexec) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_SSB_NOEXEC, spec_ssb_noexec) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPEC_SSB_NOEXEC, spec_ssb_noexec) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_SSB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ssb_force_disable) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_SSB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ssb_force_disable) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_IB_DISABLE, spec_ib_disable) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_IB_DISABLE, spec_ib_disable) TASK_PFA_CLEAR(SPEC_IB_DISABLE, spec_ib_disable) TASK_PFA_TEST(SPEC_IB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ib_force_disable) TASK_PFA_SET(SPEC_IB_FORCE_DISABLE, spec_ib_force_disable) static inline void current_restore_flags(unsigned long orig_flags, unsigned long flags) { current->flags &= ~flags; current->flags |= orig_flags & flags; } extern int cpuset_cpumask_can_shrink(const struct cpumask *cur, const struct cpumask *trial); extern int task_can_attach(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *cs_cpus_allowed); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern void do_set_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask); extern int set_cpus_allowed_ptr(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask); #else static inline void do_set_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask) { } static inline int set_cpus_allowed_ptr(struct task_struct *p, const struct cpumask *new_mask) { if (!cpumask_test_cpu(0, new_mask)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } #endif extern int yield_to(struct task_struct *p, bool preempt); extern void set_user_nice(struct task_struct *p, long nice); extern int task_prio(const struct task_struct *p); /** * task_nice - return the nice value of a given task. * @p: the task in question. * * Return: The nice value [ -20 ... 0 ... 19 ]. */ static inline int task_nice(const struct task_struct *p) { return PRIO_TO_NICE((p)->static_prio); } extern int can_nice(const struct task_struct *p, const int nice); extern int task_curr(const struct task_struct *p); extern int idle_cpu(int cpu); extern int available_idle_cpu(int cpu); extern int sched_setscheduler(struct task_struct *, int, const struct sched_param *); extern int sched_setscheduler_nocheck(struct task_struct *, int, const struct sched_param *); extern void sched_set_fifo(struct task_struct *p); extern void sched_set_fifo_low(struct task_struct *p); extern void sched_set_normal(struct task_struct *p, int nice); extern int sched_setattr(struct task_struct *, const struct sched_attr *); extern int sched_setattr_nocheck(struct task_struct *, const struct sched_attr *); extern struct task_struct *idle_task(int cpu); /** * is_idle_task - is the specified task an idle task? * @p: the task in question. * * Return: 1 if @p is an idle task. 0 otherwise. */ static __always_inline bool is_idle_task(const struct task_struct *p) { return !!(p->flags & PF_IDLE); } extern struct task_struct *curr_task(int cpu); extern void ia64_set_curr_task(int cpu, struct task_struct *p); void yield(void); union thread_union { #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ON_STACK struct task_struct task; #endif #ifndef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK struct thread_info thread_info; #endif unsigned long stack[THREAD_SIZE/sizeof(long)]; }; #ifndef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK extern struct thread_info init_thread_info; #endif extern unsigned long init_stack[THREAD_SIZE / sizeof(unsigned long)]; #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK static inline struct thread_info *task_thread_info(struct task_struct *task) { return &task->thread_info; } #elif !defined(__HAVE_THREAD_FUNCTIONS) # define task_thread_info(task) ((struct thread_info *)(task)->stack) #endif /* * find a task by one of its numerical ids * * find_task_by_pid_ns(): * finds a task by its pid in the specified namespace * find_task_by_vpid(): * finds a task by its virtual pid * * see also find_vpid() etc in include/linux/pid.h */ extern struct task_struct *find_task_by_vpid(pid_t nr); extern struct task_struct *find_task_by_pid_ns(pid_t nr, struct pid_namespace *ns); /* * find a task by its virtual pid and get the task struct */ extern struct task_struct *find_get_task_by_vpid(pid_t nr); extern int wake_up_state(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned int state); extern int wake_up_process(struct task_struct *tsk); extern void wake_up_new_task(struct task_struct *tsk); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern void kick_process(struct task_struct *tsk); #else static inline void kick_process(struct task_struct *tsk) { } #endif extern void __set_task_comm(struct task_struct *tsk, const char *from, bool exec); static inline void set_task_comm(struct task_struct *tsk, const char *from) { __set_task_comm(tsk, from, false); } extern char *__get_task_comm(char *to, size_t len, struct task_struct *tsk); #define get_task_comm(buf, tsk) ({ \ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(buf) != TASK_COMM_LEN); \ __get_task_comm(buf, sizeof(buf), tsk); \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static __always_inline void scheduler_ipi(void) { /* * Fold TIF_NEED_RESCHED into the preempt_count; anybody setting * TIF_NEED_RESCHED remotely (for the first time) will also send * this IPI. */ preempt_fold_need_resched(); } extern unsigned long wait_task_inactive(struct task_struct *, long match_state); #else static inline void scheduler_ipi(void) { } static inline unsigned long wait_task_inactive(struct task_struct *p, long match_state) { return 1; } #endif /* * Set thread flags in other task's structures. * See asm/thread_info.h for TIF_xxxx flags available: */ static inline void set_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { set_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline void clear_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { clear_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline void update_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag, bool value) { update_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag, value); } static inline int test_and_set_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { return test_and_set_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline int test_and_clear_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { return test_and_clear_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline int test_tsk_thread_flag(struct task_struct *tsk, int flag) { return test_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(tsk), flag); } static inline void set_tsk_need_resched(struct task_struct *tsk) { set_tsk_thread_flag(tsk,TIF_NEED_RESCHED); } static inline void clear_tsk_need_resched(struct task_struct *tsk) { clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk,TIF_NEED_RESCHED); } static inline int test_tsk_need_resched(struct task_struct *tsk) { return unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk,TIF_NEED_RESCHED)); } /* * cond_resched() and cond_resched_lock(): latency reduction via * explicit rescheduling in places that are safe. The return * value indicates whether a reschedule was done in fact. * cond_resched_lock() will drop the spinlock before scheduling, */ #ifndef CONFIG_PREEMPTION extern int _cond_resched(void); #else static inline int _cond_resched(void) { return 0; } #endif #define cond_resched() ({ \ ___might_sleep(__FILE__, __LINE__, 0); \ _cond_resched(); \ }) extern int __cond_resched_lock(spinlock_t *lock); #define cond_resched_lock(lock) ({ \ ___might_sleep(__FILE__, __LINE__, PREEMPT_LOCK_OFFSET);\ __cond_resched_lock(lock); \ }) static inline void cond_resched_rcu(void) { #if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP) || !defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU) rcu_read_unlock(); cond_resched(); rcu_read_lock(); #endif } /* * Does a critical section need to be broken due to another * task waiting?: (technically does not depend on CONFIG_PREEMPTION, * but a general need for low latency) */ static inline int spin_needbreak(spinlock_t *lock) { #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION return spin_is_contended(lock); #else return 0; #endif } static __always_inline bool need_resched(void) { return unlikely(tif_need_resched()); } /* * Wrappers for p->thread_info->cpu access. No-op on UP. */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP static inline unsigned int task_cpu(const struct task_struct *p) { #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK return READ_ONCE(p->cpu); #else return READ_ONCE(task_thread_info(p)->cpu); #endif } extern void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu); #else static inline unsigned int task_cpu(const struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu) { } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ /* * In order to reduce various lock holder preemption latencies provide an * interface to see if a vCPU is currently running or not. * * This allows us to terminate optimistic spin loops and block, analogous to * the native optimistic spin heuristic of testing if the lock owner task is * running or not. */ #ifndef vcpu_is_preempted static inline bool vcpu_is_preempted(int cpu) { return false; } #endif extern long sched_setaffinity(pid_t pid, const struct cpumask *new_mask); extern long sched_getaffinity(pid_t pid, struct cpumask *mask); #ifndef TASK_SIZE_OF #define TASK_SIZE_OF(tsk) TASK_SIZE #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RSEQ /* * Map the event mask on the user-space ABI enum rseq_cs_flags * for direct mask checks. */ enum rseq_event_mask_bits { RSEQ_EVENT_PREEMPT_BIT = RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_PREEMPT_BIT, RSEQ_EVENT_SIGNAL_BIT = RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_SIGNAL_BIT, RSEQ_EVENT_MIGRATE_BIT = RSEQ_CS_FLAG_NO_RESTART_ON_MIGRATE_BIT, }; enum rseq_event_mask { RSEQ_EVENT_PREEMPT = (1U << RSEQ_EVENT_PREEMPT_BIT), RSEQ_EVENT_SIGNAL = (1U << RSEQ_EVENT_SIGNAL_BIT), RSEQ_EVENT_MIGRATE = (1U << RSEQ_EVENT_MIGRATE_BIT), }; static inline void rseq_set_notify_resume(struct task_struct *t) { if (t->rseq) set_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME); } void __rseq_handle_notify_resume(struct ksignal *sig, struct pt_regs *regs); static inline void rseq_handle_notify_resume(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs) { if (current->rseq) __rseq_handle_notify_resume(ksig, regs); } static inline void rseq_signal_deliver(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs) { preempt_disable(); __set_bit(RSEQ_EVENT_SIGNAL_BIT, &current->rseq_event_mask); preempt_enable(); rseq_handle_notify_resume(ksig, regs); } /* rseq_preempt() requires preemption to be disabled. */ static inline void rseq_preempt(struct task_struct *t) { __set_bit(RSEQ_EVENT_PREEMPT_BIT, &t->rseq_event_mask); rseq_set_notify_resume(t); } /* rseq_migrate() requires preemption to be disabled. */ static inline void rseq_migrate(struct task_struct *t) { __set_bit(RSEQ_EVENT_MIGRATE_BIT, &t->rseq_event_mask); rseq_set_notify_resume(t); } /* * If parent process has a registered restartable sequences area, the * child inherits. Unregister rseq for a clone with CLONE_VM set. */ static inline void rseq_fork(struct task_struct *t, unsigned long clone_flags) { if (clone_flags & CLONE_VM) { t->rseq = NULL; t->rseq_sig = 0; t->rseq_event_mask = 0; } else { t->rseq = current->rseq; t->rseq_sig = current->rseq_sig; t->rseq_event_mask = current->rseq_event_mask; } } static inline void rseq_execve(struct task_struct *t) { t->rseq = NULL; t->rseq_sig = 0; t->rseq_event_mask = 0; } #else static inline void rseq_set_notify_resume(struct task_struct *t) { } static inline void rseq_handle_notify_resume(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline void rseq_signal_deliver(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline void rseq_preempt(struct task_struct *t) { } static inline void rseq_migrate(struct task_struct *t) { } static inline void rseq_fork(struct task_struct *t, unsigned long clone_flags) { } static inline void rseq_execve(struct task_struct *t) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RSEQ void rseq_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs); #else static inline void rseq_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs) { } #endif const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_cfs_rq_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq); char *sched_trace_cfs_rq_path(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, char *str, int len); int sched_trace_cfs_rq_cpu(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq); const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_rq_avg_rt(struct rq *rq); const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_rq_avg_dl(struct rq *rq); const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_rq_avg_irq(struct rq *rq); int sched_trace_rq_cpu(struct rq *rq); int sched_trace_rq_cpu_capacity(struct rq *rq); int sched_trace_rq_nr_running(struct rq *rq); const struct cpumask *sched_trace_rd_span(struct root_domain *rd); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Helper routines for building identity mapping page tables. This is * included by both the compressed kernel and the regular kernel. */ static void ident_pmd_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pmd_t *pmd_page, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { addr &= PMD_MASK; for (; addr < end; addr += PMD_SIZE) { pmd_t *pmd = pmd_page + pmd_index(addr); if (pmd_present(*pmd)) continue; set_pmd(pmd, __pmd((addr - info->offset) | info->page_flag)); } } static int ident_pud_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { unsigned long next; for (; addr < end; addr = next) { pud_t *pud = pud_page + pud_index(addr); pmd_t *pmd; next = (addr & PUD_MASK) + PUD_SIZE; if (next > end) next = end; if (info->direct_gbpages) { pud_t pudval; if (pud_present(*pud)) continue; addr &= PUD_MASK; pudval = __pud((addr - info->offset) | info->page_flag); set_pud(pud, pudval); continue; } if (pud_present(*pud)) { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, 0); ident_pmd_init(info, pmd, addr, next); continue; } pmd = (pmd_t *)info->alloc_pgt_page(info->context); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; ident_pmd_init(info, pmd, addr, next); set_pud(pud, __pud(__pa(pmd) | info->kernpg_flag)); } return 0; } static int ident_p4d_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, p4d_t *p4d_page, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { unsigned long next; int result; for (; addr < end; addr = next) { p4d_t *p4d = p4d_page + p4d_index(addr); pud_t *pud; next = (addr & P4D_MASK) + P4D_SIZE; if (next > end) next = end; if (p4d_present(*p4d)) { pud = pud_offset(p4d, 0); result = ident_pud_init(info, pud, addr, next); if (result) return result; continue; } pud = (pud_t *)info->alloc_pgt_page(info->context); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; result = ident_pud_init(info, pud, addr, next); if (result) return result; set_p4d(p4d, __p4d(__pa(pud) | info->kernpg_flag)); } return 0; } int kernel_ident_mapping_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pgd_t *pgd_page, unsigned long pstart, unsigned long pend) { unsigned long addr = pstart + info->offset; unsigned long end = pend + info->offset; unsigned long next; int result; /* Set the default pagetable flags if not supplied */ if (!info->kernpg_flag) info->kernpg_flag = _KERNPG_TABLE; /* Filter out unsupported __PAGE_KERNEL_* bits: */ info->kernpg_flag &= __default_kernel_pte_mask; for (; addr < end; addr = next) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_page + pgd_index(addr); p4d_t *p4d; next = (addr & PGDIR_MASK) + PGDIR_SIZE; if (next > end) next = end; if (pgd_present(*pgd)) { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, 0); result = ident_p4d_init(info, p4d, addr, next); if (result) return result; continue; } p4d = (p4d_t *)info->alloc_pgt_page(info->context); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; result = ident_p4d_init(info, p4d, addr, next); if (result) return result; if (pgtable_l5_enabled()) { set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(__pa(p4d) | info->kernpg_flag)); } else { /* * With p4d folded, pgd is equal to p4d. * The pgd entry has to point to the pud page table in this case. */ pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, 0); set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(__pa(pud) | info->kernpg_flag)); } } return 0; }
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Wrapper functions for accessing the file_struct fd array. */ #ifndef __LINUX_FILE_H #define __LINUX_FILE_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/posix_types.h> #include <linux/errno.h> struct file; extern void fput(struct file *); extern void fput_many(struct file *, unsigned int); struct file_operations; struct task_struct; struct vfsmount; struct dentry; struct inode; struct path; extern struct file *alloc_file_pseudo(struct inode *, struct vfsmount *, const char *, int flags, const struct file_operations *); extern struct file *alloc_file_clone(struct file *, int flags, const struct file_operations *); static inline void fput_light(struct file *file, int fput_needed) { if (fput_needed) fput(file); } struct fd { struct file *file; unsigned int flags; }; #define FDPUT_FPUT 1 #define FDPUT_POS_UNLOCK 2 static inline void fdput(struct fd fd) { if (fd.flags & FDPUT_FPUT) fput(fd.file); } extern struct file *fget(unsigned int fd); extern struct file *fget_many(unsigned int fd, unsigned int refs); extern struct file *fget_raw(unsigned int fd); extern struct file *fget_task(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int fd); extern unsigned long __fdget(unsigned int fd); extern unsigned long __fdget_raw(unsigned int fd); extern unsigned long __fdget_pos(unsigned int fd); extern void __f_unlock_pos(struct file *); static inline struct fd __to_fd(unsigned long v) { return (struct fd){(struct file *)(v & ~3),v & 3}; } static inline struct fd fdget(unsigned int fd) { return __to_fd(__fdget(fd)); } static inline struct fd fdget_raw(unsigned int fd) { return __to_fd(__fdget_raw(fd)); } static inline struct fd fdget_pos(int fd) { return __to_fd(__fdget_pos(fd)); } static inline void fdput_pos(struct fd f) { if (f.flags & FDPUT_POS_UNLOCK) __f_unlock_pos(f.file); fdput(f); } extern int f_dupfd(unsigned int from, struct file *file, unsigned flags); extern int replace_fd(unsigned fd, struct file *file, unsigned flags); extern void set_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd, int flag); extern bool get_close_on_exec(unsigned int fd); extern int __get_unused_fd_flags(unsigned flags, unsigned long nofile); extern int get_unused_fd_flags(unsigned flags); extern void put_unused_fd(unsigned int fd); extern void fd_install(unsigned int fd, struct file *file); extern int __receive_fd(int fd, struct file *file, int __user *ufd, unsigned int o_flags); static inline int receive_fd_user(struct file *file, int __user *ufd, unsigned int o_flags) { if (ufd == NULL) return -EFAULT; return __receive_fd(-1, file, ufd, o_flags); } static inline int receive_fd(struct file *file, unsigned int o_flags) { return __receive_fd(-1, file, NULL, o_flags); } static inline int receive_fd_replace(int fd, struct file *file, unsigned int o_flags) { return __receive_fd(fd, file, NULL, o_flags); } extern void flush_delayed_fput(void); extern void __fput_sync(struct file *); extern unsigned int sysctl_nr_open_min, sysctl_nr_open_max; #endif /* __LINUX_FILE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MBCACHE_H #define _LINUX_MBCACHE_H #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/list_bl.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/fs.h> struct mb_cache; struct mb_cache_entry { /* List of entries in cache - protected by cache->c_list_lock */ struct list_head e_list; /* Hash table list - protected by hash chain bitlock */ struct hlist_bl_node e_hash_list; atomic_t e_refcnt; /* Key in hash - stable during lifetime of the entry */ u32 e_key; u32 e_referenced:1; u32 e_reusable:1; /* User provided value - stable during lifetime of the entry */ u64 e_value; }; struct mb_cache *mb_cache_create(int bucket_bits); void mb_cache_destroy(struct mb_cache *cache); int mb_cache_entry_create(struct mb_cache *cache, gfp_t mask, u32 key, u64 value, bool reusable); void __mb_cache_entry_free(struct mb_cache_entry *entry); static inline int mb_cache_entry_put(struct mb_cache *cache, struct mb_cache_entry *entry) { if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&entry->e_refcnt)) return 0; __mb_cache_entry_free(entry); return 1; } void mb_cache_entry_delete(struct mb_cache *cache, u32 key, u64 value); struct mb_cache_entry *mb_cache_entry_get(struct mb_cache *cache, u32 key, u64 value); struct mb_cache_entry *mb_cache_entry_find_first(struct mb_cache *cache, u32 key); struct mb_cache_entry *mb_cache_entry_find_next(struct mb_cache *cache, struct mb_cache_entry *entry); void mb_cache_entry_touch(struct mb_cache *cache, struct mb_cache_entry *entry); #endif /* _LINUX_MBCACHE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_DELAY_H #define _LINUX_DELAY_H /* * Copyright (C) 1993 Linus Torvalds * * Delay routines, using a pre-computed "loops_per_jiffy" value. * * Please note that ndelay(), udelay() and mdelay() may return early for * several reasons: * 1. computed loops_per_jiffy too low (due to the time taken to * execute the timer interrupt.) * 2. cache behaviour affecting the time it takes to execute the * loop function. * 3. CPU clock rate changes. * * Please see this thread: * https://lists.openwall.net/linux-kernel/2011/01/09/56 */ #include <linux/kernel.h> extern unsigned long loops_per_jiffy; #include <asm/delay.h> /* * Using udelay() for intervals greater than a few milliseconds can * risk overflow for high loops_per_jiffy (high bogomips) machines. The * mdelay() provides a wrapper to prevent this. For delays greater * than MAX_UDELAY_MS milliseconds, the wrapper is used. Architecture * specific values can be defined in asm-???/delay.h as an override. * The 2nd mdelay() definition ensures GCC will optimize away the * while loop for the common cases where n <= MAX_UDELAY_MS -- Paul G. */ #ifndef MAX_UDELAY_MS #define MAX_UDELAY_MS 5 #endif #ifndef mdelay #define mdelay(n) (\ (__builtin_constant_p(n) && (n)<=MAX_UDELAY_MS) ? udelay((n)*1000) : \ ({unsigned long __ms=(n); while (__ms--) udelay(1000);})) #endif #ifndef ndelay static inline void ndelay(unsigned long x) { udelay(DIV_ROUND_UP(x, 1000)); } #define ndelay(x) ndelay(x) #endif extern unsigned long lpj_fine; void calibrate_delay(void); void __attribute__((weak)) calibration_delay_done(void); void msleep(unsigned int msecs); unsigned long msleep_interruptible(unsigned int msecs); void usleep_range(unsigned long min, unsigned long max); static inline void ssleep(unsigned int seconds) { msleep(seconds * 1000); } /* see Documentation/timers/timers-howto.rst for the thresholds */ static inline void fsleep(unsigned long usecs) { if (usecs <= 10) udelay(usecs); else if (usecs <= 20000) usleep_range(usecs, 2 * usecs); else msleep(DIV_ROUND_UP(usecs, 1000)); } #endif /* defined(_LINUX_DELAY_H) */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Cryptographic API for algorithms (i.e., low-level API). * * Copyright (c) 2006 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_ALGAPI_H #define _CRYPTO_ALGAPI_H #include <linux/crypto.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> /* * Maximum values for blocksize and alignmask, used to allocate * static buffers that are big enough for any combination of * algs and architectures. Ciphers have a lower maximum size. */ #define MAX_ALGAPI_BLOCKSIZE 160 #define MAX_ALGAPI_ALIGNMASK 63 #define MAX_CIPHER_BLOCKSIZE 16 #define MAX_CIPHER_ALIGNMASK 15 struct crypto_aead; struct crypto_instance; struct module; struct rtattr; struct seq_file; struct sk_buff; struct crypto_type { unsigned int (*ctxsize)(struct crypto_alg *alg, u32 type, u32 mask); unsigned int (*extsize)(struct crypto_alg *alg); int (*init)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u32 type, u32 mask); int (*init_tfm)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm); void (*show)(struct seq_file *m, struct crypto_alg *alg); int (*report)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct crypto_alg *alg); void (*free)(struct crypto_instance *inst); unsigned int type; unsigned int maskclear; unsigned int maskset; unsigned int tfmsize; }; struct crypto_instance { struct crypto_alg alg; struct crypto_template *tmpl; union { /* Node in list of instances after registration. */ struct hlist_node list; /* List of attached spawns before registration. */ struct crypto_spawn *spawns; }; void *__ctx[] CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR; }; struct crypto_template { struct list_head list; struct hlist_head instances; struct module *module; int (*create)(struct crypto_template *tmpl, struct rtattr **tb); char name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME]; }; struct crypto_spawn { struct list_head list; struct crypto_alg *alg; union { /* Back pointer to instance after registration.*/ struct crypto_instance *inst; /* Spawn list pointer prior to registration. */ struct crypto_spawn *next; }; const struct crypto_type *frontend; u32 mask; bool dead; bool registered; }; struct crypto_queue { struct list_head list; struct list_head *backlog; unsigned int qlen; unsigned int max_qlen; }; struct scatter_walk { struct scatterlist *sg; unsigned int offset; }; void crypto_mod_put(struct crypto_alg *alg); int crypto_register_template(struct crypto_template *tmpl); int crypto_register_templates(struct crypto_template *tmpls, int count); void crypto_unregister_template(struct crypto_template *tmpl); void crypto_unregister_templates(struct crypto_template *tmpls, int count); struct crypto_template *crypto_lookup_template(const char *name); int crypto_register_instance(struct crypto_template *tmpl, struct crypto_instance *inst); void crypto_unregister_instance(struct crypto_instance *inst); int crypto_grab_spawn(struct crypto_spawn *spawn, struct crypto_instance *inst, const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask); void crypto_drop_spawn(struct crypto_spawn *spawn); struct crypto_tfm *crypto_spawn_tfm(struct crypto_spawn *spawn, u32 type, u32 mask); void *crypto_spawn_tfm2(struct crypto_spawn *spawn); struct crypto_attr_type *crypto_get_attr_type(struct rtattr **tb); int crypto_check_attr_type(struct rtattr **tb, u32 type, u32 *mask_ret); const char *crypto_attr_alg_name(struct rtattr *rta); int crypto_attr_u32(struct rtattr *rta, u32 *num); int crypto_inst_setname(struct crypto_instance *inst, const char *name, struct crypto_alg *alg); void crypto_init_queue(struct crypto_queue *queue, unsigned int max_qlen); int crypto_enqueue_request(struct crypto_queue *queue, struct crypto_async_request *request); void crypto_enqueue_request_head(struct crypto_queue *queue, struct crypto_async_request *request); struct crypto_async_request *crypto_dequeue_request(struct crypto_queue *queue); static inline unsigned int crypto_queue_len(struct crypto_queue *queue) { return queue->qlen; } void crypto_inc(u8 *a, unsigned int size); void __crypto_xor(u8 *dst, const u8 *src1, const u8 *src2, unsigned int size); static inline void crypto_xor(u8 *dst, const u8 *src, unsigned int size) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && __builtin_constant_p(size) && (size % sizeof(unsigned long)) == 0) { unsigned long *d = (unsigned long *)dst; unsigned long *s = (unsigned long *)src; while (size > 0) { *d++ ^= *s++; size -= sizeof(unsigned long); } } else { __crypto_xor(dst, dst, src, size); } } static inline void crypto_xor_cpy(u8 *dst, const u8 *src1, const u8 *src2, unsigned int size) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS) && __builtin_constant_p(size) && (size % sizeof(unsigned long)) == 0) { unsigned long *d = (unsigned long *)dst; unsigned long *s1 = (unsigned long *)src1; unsigned long *s2 = (unsigned long *)src2; while (size > 0) { *d++ = *s1++ ^ *s2++; size -= sizeof(unsigned long); } } else { __crypto_xor(dst, src1, src2, size); } } static inline void *crypto_tfm_ctx_aligned(struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return PTR_ALIGN(crypto_tfm_ctx(tfm), crypto_tfm_alg_alignmask(tfm) + 1); } static inline struct crypto_instance *crypto_tfm_alg_instance( struct crypto_tfm *tfm) { return container_of(tfm->__crt_alg, struct crypto_instance, alg); } static inline void *crypto_instance_ctx(struct crypto_instance *inst) { return inst->__ctx; } struct crypto_cipher_spawn { struct crypto_spawn base; }; static inline int crypto_grab_cipher(struct crypto_cipher_spawn *spawn, struct crypto_instance *inst, const char *name, u32 type, u32 mask) { type &= ~CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; type |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER; mask |= CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; return crypto_grab_spawn(&spawn->base, inst, name, type, mask); } static inline void crypto_drop_cipher(struct crypto_cipher_spawn *spawn) { crypto_drop_spawn(&spawn->base); } static inline struct crypto_alg *crypto_spawn_cipher_alg( struct crypto_cipher_spawn *spawn) { return spawn->base.alg; } static inline struct crypto_cipher *crypto_spawn_cipher( struct crypto_cipher_spawn *spawn) { u32 type = CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER; u32 mask = CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_MASK; return __crypto_cipher_cast(crypto_spawn_tfm(&spawn->base, type, mask)); } static inline struct cipher_alg *crypto_cipher_alg(struct crypto_cipher *tfm) { return &crypto_cipher_tfm(tfm)->__crt_alg->cra_cipher; } static inline struct crypto_async_request *crypto_get_backlog( struct crypto_queue *queue) { return queue->backlog == &queue->list ? NULL : container_of(queue->backlog, struct crypto_async_request, list); } static inline u32 crypto_requires_off(struct crypto_attr_type *algt, u32 off) { return (algt->type ^ off) & algt->mask & off; } /* * When an algorithm uses another algorithm (e.g., if it's an instance of a * template), these are the flags that should always be set on the "outer" * algorithm if any "inner" algorithm has them set. */ #define CRYPTO_ALG_INHERITED_FLAGS \ (CRYPTO_ALG_ASYNC | CRYPTO_ALG_NEED_FALLBACK | \ CRYPTO_ALG_ALLOCATES_MEMORY) /* * Given the type and mask that specify the flags restrictions on a template * instance being created, return the mask that should be passed to * crypto_grab_*() (along with type=0) to honor any request the user made to * have any of the CRYPTO_ALG_INHERITED_FLAGS clear. */ static inline u32 crypto_algt_inherited_mask(struct crypto_attr_type *algt) { return crypto_requires_off(algt, CRYPTO_ALG_INHERITED_FLAGS); } noinline unsigned long __crypto_memneq(const void *a, const void *b, size_t size); /** * crypto_memneq - Compare two areas of memory without leaking * timing information. * * @a: One area of memory * @b: Another area of memory * @size: The size of the area. * * Returns 0 when data is equal, 1 otherwise. */ static inline int crypto_memneq(const void *a, const void *b, size_t size) { return __crypto_memneq(a, b, size) != 0UL ? 1 : 0; } int crypto_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int crypto_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); /* Crypto notification events. */ enum { CRYPTO_MSG_ALG_REQUEST, CRYPTO_MSG_ALG_REGISTER, CRYPTO_MSG_ALG_LOADED, }; #endif /* _CRYPTO_ALGAPI_H */
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If it is a list header, * the result is an empty list. */ static inline void INIT_LIST_HEAD(struct list_head *list) { WRITE_ONCE(list->next, list); list->prev = list; } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LIST extern bool __list_add_valid(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next); extern bool __list_del_entry_valid(struct list_head *entry); #else static inline bool __list_add_valid(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next) { return true; } static inline bool __list_del_entry_valid(struct list_head *entry) { return true; } #endif /* * Insert a new entry between two known consecutive entries. * * This is only for internal list manipulation where we know * the prev/next entries already! */ static inline void __list_add(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next) { if (!__list_add_valid(new, prev, next)) return; next->prev = new; new->next = next; new->prev = prev; WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, new); } /** * list_add - add a new entry * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it after * * Insert a new entry after the specified head. * This is good for implementing stacks. */ static inline void list_add(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add(new, head, head->next); } /** * list_add_tail - add a new entry * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it before * * Insert a new entry before the specified head. * This is useful for implementing queues. */ static inline void list_add_tail(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add(new, head->prev, head); } /* * Delete a list entry by making the prev/next entries * point to each other. * * This is only for internal list manipulation where we know * the prev/next entries already! */ static inline void __list_del(struct list_head * prev, struct list_head * next) { next->prev = prev; WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, next); } /* * Delete a list entry and clear the 'prev' pointer. * * This is a special-purpose list clearing method used in the networking code * for lists allocated as per-cpu, where we don't want to incur the extra * WRITE_ONCE() overhead of a regular list_del_init(). The code that uses this * needs to check the node 'prev' pointer instead of calling list_empty(). */ static inline void __list_del_clearprev(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del(entry->prev, entry->next); entry->prev = NULL; } static inline void __list_del_entry(struct list_head *entry) { if (!__list_del_entry_valid(entry)) return; __list_del(entry->prev, entry->next); } /** * list_del - deletes entry from list. * @entry: the element to delete from the list. * Note: list_empty() on entry does not return true after this, the entry is * in an undefined state. */ static inline void list_del(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del_entry(entry); entry->next = LIST_POISON1; entry->prev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * list_replace - replace old entry by new one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * If @old was empty, it will be overwritten. */ static inline void list_replace(struct list_head *old, struct list_head *new) { new->next = old->next; new->next->prev = new; new->prev = old->prev; new->prev->next = new; } /** * list_replace_init - replace old entry by new one and initialize the old one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * If @old was empty, it will be overwritten. */ static inline void list_replace_init(struct list_head *old, struct list_head *new) { list_replace(old, new); INIT_LIST_HEAD(old); } /** * list_swap - replace entry1 with entry2 and re-add entry1 at entry2's position * @entry1: the location to place entry2 * @entry2: the location to place entry1 */ static inline void list_swap(struct list_head *entry1, struct list_head *entry2) { struct list_head *pos = entry2->prev; list_del(entry2); list_replace(entry1, entry2); if (pos == entry1) pos = entry2; list_add(entry1, pos); } /** * list_del_init - deletes entry from list and reinitialize it. * @entry: the element to delete from the list. */ static inline void list_del_init(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del_entry(entry); INIT_LIST_HEAD(entry); } /** * list_move - delete from one list and add as another's head * @list: the entry to move * @head: the head that will precede our entry */ static inline void list_move(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { __list_del_entry(list); list_add(list, head); } /** * list_move_tail - delete from one list and add as another's tail * @list: the entry to move * @head: the head that will follow our entry */ static inline void list_move_tail(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { __list_del_entry(list); list_add_tail(list, head); } /** * list_bulk_move_tail - move a subsection of a list to its tail * @head: the head that will follow our entry * @first: first entry to move * @last: last entry to move, can be the same as first * * Move all entries between @first and including @last before @head. * All three entries must belong to the same linked list. */ static inline void list_bulk_move_tail(struct list_head *head, struct list_head *first, struct list_head *last) { first->prev->next = last->next; last->next->prev = first->prev; head->prev->next = first; first->prev = head->prev; last->next = head; head->prev = last; } /** * list_is_first -- tests whether @list is the first entry in list @head * @list: the entry to test * @head: the head of the list */ static inline int list_is_first(const struct list_head *list, const struct list_head *head) { return list->prev == head; } /** * list_is_last - tests whether @list is the last entry in list @head * @list: the entry to test * @head: the head of the list */ static inline int list_is_last(const struct list_head *list, const struct list_head *head) { return list->next == head; } /** * list_empty - tests whether a list is empty * @head: the list to test. */ static inline int list_empty(const struct list_head *head) { return READ_ONCE(head->next) == head; } /** * list_del_init_careful - deletes entry from list and reinitialize it. * @entry: the element to delete from the list. * * This is the same as list_del_init(), except designed to be used * together with list_empty_careful() in a way to guarantee ordering * of other memory operations. * * Any memory operations done before a list_del_init_careful() are * guaranteed to be visible after a list_empty_careful() test. */ static inline void list_del_init_careful(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del_entry(entry); entry->prev = entry; smp_store_release(&entry->next, entry); } /** * list_empty_careful - tests whether a list is empty and not being modified * @head: the list to test * * Description: * tests whether a list is empty _and_ checks that no other CPU might be * in the process of modifying either member (next or prev) * * NOTE: using list_empty_careful() without synchronization * can only be safe if the only activity that can happen * to the list entry is list_del_init(). Eg. it cannot be used * if another CPU could re-list_add() it. */ static inline int list_empty_careful(const struct list_head *head) { struct list_head *next = smp_load_acquire(&head->next); return (next == head) && (next == head->prev); } /** * list_rotate_left - rotate the list to the left * @head: the head of the list */ static inline void list_rotate_left(struct list_head *head) { struct list_head *first; if (!list_empty(head)) { first = head->next; list_move_tail(first, head); } } /** * list_rotate_to_front() - Rotate list to specific item. * @list: The desired new front of the list. * @head: The head of the list. * * Rotates list so that @list becomes the new front of the list. */ static inline void list_rotate_to_front(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { /* * Deletes the list head from the list denoted by @head and * places it as the tail of @list, this effectively rotates the * list so that @list is at the front. */ list_move_tail(head, list); } /** * list_is_singular - tests whether a list has just one entry. * @head: the list to test. */ static inline int list_is_singular(const struct list_head *head) { return !list_empty(head) && (head->next == head->prev); } static inline void __list_cut_position(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, struct list_head *entry) { struct list_head *new_first = entry->next; list->next = head->next; list->next->prev = list; list->prev = entry; entry->next = list; head->next = new_first; new_first->prev = head; } /** * list_cut_position - cut a list into two * @list: a new list to add all removed entries * @head: a list with entries * @entry: an entry within head, could be the head itself * and if so we won't cut the list * * This helper moves the initial part of @head, up to and * including @entry, from @head to @list. You should * pass on @entry an element you know is on @head. @list * should be an empty list or a list you do not care about * losing its data. * */ static inline void list_cut_position(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, struct list_head *entry) { if (list_empty(head)) return; if (list_is_singular(head) && (head->next != entry && head != entry)) return; if (entry == head) INIT_LIST_HEAD(list); else __list_cut_position(list, head, entry); } /** * list_cut_before - cut a list into two, before given entry * @list: a new list to add all removed entries * @head: a list with entries * @entry: an entry within head, could be the head itself * * This helper moves the initial part of @head, up to but * excluding @entry, from @head to @list. You should pass * in @entry an element you know is on @head. @list should * be an empty list or a list you do not care about losing * its data. * If @entry == @head, all entries on @head are moved to * @list. */ static inline void list_cut_before(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, struct list_head *entry) { if (head->next == entry) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(list); return; } list->next = head->next; list->next->prev = list; list->prev = entry->prev; list->prev->next = list; head->next = entry; entry->prev = head; } static inline void __list_splice(const struct list_head *list, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next) { struct list_head *first = list->next; struct list_head *last = list->prev; first->prev = prev; prev->next = first; last->next = next; next->prev = last; } /** * list_splice - join two lists, this is designed for stacks * @list: the new list to add. * @head: the place to add it in the first list. */ static inline void list_splice(const struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice(list, head, head->next); } /** * list_splice_tail - join two lists, each list being a queue * @list: the new list to add. * @head: the place to add it in the first list. */ static inline void list_splice_tail(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice(list, head->prev, head); } /** * list_splice_init - join two lists and reinitialise the emptied list. * @list: the new list to add. * @head: the place to add it in the first list. * * The list at @list is reinitialised */ static inline void list_splice_init(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { if (!list_empty(list)) { __list_splice(list, head, head->next); INIT_LIST_HEAD(list); } } /** * list_splice_tail_init - join two lists and reinitialise the emptied list * @list: the new list to add. * @head: the place to add it in the first list. * * Each of the lists is a queue. * The list at @list is reinitialised */ static inline void list_splice_tail_init(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { if (!list_empty(list)) { __list_splice(list, head->prev, head); INIT_LIST_HEAD(list); } } /** * list_entry - get the struct for this entry * @ptr: the &struct list_head pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_entry(ptr, type, member) \ container_of(ptr, type, member) /** * list_first_entry - get the first element from a list * @ptr: the list head to take the element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note, that list is expected to be not empty. */ #define list_first_entry(ptr, type, member) \ list_entry((ptr)->next, type, member) /** * list_last_entry - get the last element from a list * @ptr: the list head to take the element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note, that list is expected to be not empty. */ #define list_last_entry(ptr, type, member) \ list_entry((ptr)->prev, type, member) /** * list_first_entry_or_null - get the first element from a list * @ptr: the list head to take the element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note that if the list is empty, it returns NULL. */ #define list_first_entry_or_null(ptr, type, member) ({ \ struct list_head *head__ = (ptr); \ struct list_head *pos__ = READ_ONCE(head__->next); \ pos__ != head__ ? list_entry(pos__, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * list_next_entry - get the next element in list * @pos: the type * to cursor * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_next_entry(pos, member) \ list_entry((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member) /** * list_prev_entry - get the prev element in list * @pos: the type * to cursor * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_prev_entry(pos, member) \ list_entry((pos)->member.prev, typeof(*(pos)), member) /** * list_for_each - iterate over a list * @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. */ #define list_for_each(pos, head) \ for (pos = (head)->next; pos != (head); pos = pos->next) /** * list_for_each_continue - continue iteration over a list * @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * * Continue to iterate over a list, continuing after the current position. */ #define list_for_each_continue(pos, head) \ for (pos = pos->next; pos != (head); pos = pos->next) /** * list_for_each_prev - iterate over a list backwards * @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. */ #define list_for_each_prev(pos, head) \ for (pos = (head)->prev; pos != (head); pos = pos->prev) /** * list_for_each_safe - iterate over a list safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another &struct list_head to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. */ #define list_for_each_safe(pos, n, head) \ for (pos = (head)->next, n = pos->next; pos != (head); \ pos = n, n = pos->next) /** * list_for_each_prev_safe - iterate over a list backwards safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another &struct list_head to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. */ #define list_for_each_prev_safe(pos, n, head) \ for (pos = (head)->prev, n = pos->prev; \ pos != (head); \ pos = n, n = pos->prev) /** * list_entry_is_head - test if the entry points to the head of the list * @pos: the type * to cursor * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member) \ (&pos->member == (head)) /** * list_for_each_entry - iterate over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_for_each_entry(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_first_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_next_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_reverse - iterate backwards over list of given type. * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_for_each_entry_reverse(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_last_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_prev_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_prepare_entry - prepare a pos entry for use in list_for_each_entry_continue() * @pos: the type * to use as a start point * @head: the head of the list * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Prepares a pos entry for use as a start point in list_for_each_entry_continue(). */ #define list_prepare_entry(pos, head, member) \ ((pos) ? : list_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_continue - continue iteration over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Continue to iterate over list of given type, continuing after * the current position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_continue(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_next_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_next_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse - iterate backwards from the given point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Start to iterate over list of given type backwards, continuing after * the current position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_prev_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_prev_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_from - iterate over list of given type from the current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Iterate over list of given type, continuing from current position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_from(pos, head, member) \ for (; !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_next_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_from_reverse - iterate backwards over list of given type * from the current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Iterate backwards over list of given type, continuing from current position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_from_reverse(pos, head, member) \ for (; !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_prev_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_safe - iterate over list of given type safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, head, member) \ for (pos = list_first_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member), \ n = list_next_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = n, n = list_next_entry(n, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_safe_continue - continue list iteration safe against removal * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Iterate over list of given type, continuing after current point, * safe against removal of list entry. */ #define list_for_each_entry_safe_continue(pos, n, head, member) \ for (pos = list_next_entry(pos, member), \ n = list_next_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = n, n = list_next_entry(n, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_safe_from - iterate over list from current point safe against removal * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Iterate over list of given type from current point, safe against * removal of list entry. */ #define list_for_each_entry_safe_from(pos, n, head, member) \ for (n = list_next_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = n, n = list_next_entry(n, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse - iterate backwards over list safe against removal * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Iterate backwards over list of given type, safe against removal * of list entry. */ #define list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse(pos, n, head, member) \ for (pos = list_last_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member), \ n = list_prev_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = n, n = list_prev_entry(n, member)) /** * list_safe_reset_next - reset a stale list_for_each_entry_safe loop * @pos: the loop cursor used in the list_for_each_entry_safe loop * @n: temporary storage used in list_for_each_entry_safe * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * list_safe_reset_next is not safe to use in general if the list may be * modified concurrently (eg. the lock is dropped in the loop body). An * exception to this is if the cursor element (pos) is pinned in the list, * and list_safe_reset_next is called after re-taking the lock and before * completing the current iteration of the loop body. */ #define list_safe_reset_next(pos, n, member) \ n = list_next_entry(pos, member) /* * Double linked lists with a single pointer list head. * Mostly useful for hash tables where the two pointer list head is * too wasteful. * You lose the ability to access the tail in O(1). */ #define HLIST_HEAD_INIT { .first = NULL } #define HLIST_HEAD(name) struct hlist_head name = { .first = NULL } #define INIT_HLIST_HEAD(ptr) ((ptr)->first = NULL) static inline void INIT_HLIST_NODE(struct hlist_node *h) { h->next = NULL; h->pprev = NULL; } /** * hlist_unhashed - Has node been removed from list and reinitialized? * @h: Node to be checked * * Not that not all removal functions will leave a node in unhashed * state. For example, hlist_nulls_del_init_rcu() does leave the * node in unhashed state, but hlist_nulls_del() does not. */ static inline int hlist_unhashed(const struct hlist_node *h) { return !h->pprev; } /** * hlist_unhashed_lockless - Version of hlist_unhashed for lockless use * @h: Node to be checked * * This variant of hlist_unhashed() must be used in lockless contexts * to avoid potential load-tearing. The READ_ONCE() is paired with the * various WRITE_ONCE() in hlist helpers that are defined below. */ static inline int hlist_unhashed_lockless(const struct hlist_node *h) { return !READ_ONCE(h->pprev); } /** * hlist_empty - Is the specified hlist_head structure an empty hlist? * @h: Structure to check. */ static inline int hlist_empty(const struct hlist_head *h) { return !READ_ONCE(h->first); } static inline void __hlist_del(struct hlist_node *n) { struct hlist_node *next = n->next; struct hlist_node **pprev = n->pprev; WRITE_ONCE(*pprev, next); if (next) WRITE_ONCE(next->pprev, pprev); } /** * hlist_del - Delete the specified hlist_node from its list * @n: Node to delete. * * Note that this function leaves the node in hashed state. Use * hlist_del_init() or similar instead to unhash @n. */ static inline void hlist_del(struct hlist_node *n) { __hlist_del(n); n->next = LIST_POISON1; n->pprev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * hlist_del_init - Delete the specified hlist_node from its list and initialize * @n: Node to delete. * * Note that this function leaves the node in unhashed state. */ static inline void hlist_del_init(struct hlist_node *n) { if (!hlist_unhashed(n)) { __hlist_del(n); INIT_HLIST_NODE(n); } } /** * hlist_add_head - add a new entry at the beginning of the hlist * @n: new entry to be added * @h: hlist head to add it after * * Insert a new entry after the specified head. * This is good for implementing stacks. */ static inline void hlist_add_head(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { struct hlist_node *first = h->first; WRITE_ONCE(n->next, first); if (first) WRITE_ONCE(first->pprev, &n->next); WRITE_ONCE(h->first, n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &h->first); } /** * hlist_add_before - add a new entry before the one specified * @n: new entry to be added * @next: hlist node to add it before, which must be non-NULL */ static inline void hlist_add_before(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *next) { WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, next->pprev); WRITE_ONCE(n->next, next); WRITE_ONCE(next->pprev, &n->next); WRITE_ONCE(*(n->pprev), n); } /** * hlist_add_behing - add a new entry after the one specified * @n: new entry to be added * @prev: hlist node to add it after, which must be non-NULL */ static inline void hlist_add_behind(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *prev) { WRITE_ONCE(n->next, prev->next); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &prev->next); if (n->next) WRITE_ONCE(n->next->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_add_fake - create a fake hlist consisting of a single headless node * @n: Node to make a fake list out of * * This makes @n appear to be its own predecessor on a headless hlist. * The point of this is to allow things like hlist_del() to work correctly * in cases where there is no list. */ static inline void hlist_add_fake(struct hlist_node *n) { n->pprev = &n->next; } /** * hlist_fake: Is this node a fake hlist? * @h: Node to check for being a self-referential fake hlist. */ static inline bool hlist_fake(struct hlist_node *h) { return h->pprev == &h->next; } /** * hlist_is_singular_node - is node the only element of the specified hlist? * @n: Node to check for singularity. * @h: Header for potentially singular list. * * Check whether the node is the only node of the head without * accessing head, thus avoiding unnecessary cache misses. */ static inline bool hlist_is_singular_node(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { return !n->next && n->pprev == &h->first; } /** * hlist_move_list - Move an hlist * @old: hlist_head for old list. * @new: hlist_head for new list. * * Move a list from one list head to another. Fixup the pprev * reference of the first entry if it exists. */ static inline void hlist_move_list(struct hlist_head *old, struct hlist_head *new) { new->first = old->first; if (new->first) new->first->pprev = &new->first; old->first = NULL; } #define hlist_entry(ptr, type, member) container_of(ptr,type,member) #define hlist_for_each(pos, head) \ for (pos = (head)->first; pos ; pos = pos->next) #define hlist_for_each_safe(pos, n, head) \ for (pos = (head)->first; pos && ({ n = pos->next; 1; }); \ pos = n) #define hlist_entry_safe(ptr, type, member) \ ({ typeof(ptr) ____ptr = (ptr); \ ____ptr ? hlist_entry(____ptr, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * hlist_for_each_entry - iterate over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe((head)->first, typeof(*(pos)), member);\ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_continue - iterate over a hlist continuing after current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_continue(pos, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member);\ pos