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2821 2822 2823 2824 2825 2826 2827 2828 2829 2830 2831 2832 2833 2834 2835 2836 2837 2838 2839 2840 2841 2842 2843 2844 2845 2846 2847 2848 2849 2850 2851 2852 2853 2854 2855 2856 2857 2858 2859 2860 2861 2862 2863 2864 2865 2866 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871 2872 2873 2874 2875 2876 2877 2878 2879 2880 2881 2882 2883 2884 2885 2886 2887 2888 2889 2890 2891 2892 2893 2894 2895 2896 2897 2898 2899 2900 2901 2902 2903 2904 2905 2906 2907 2908 2909 2910 2911 2912 2913 2914 2915 2916 2917 2918 2919 2920 2921 2922 2923 2924 2925 2926 2927 2928 2929 2930 2931 2932 2933 2934 2935 2936 2937 2938 2939 2940 2941 2942 2943 2944 2945 2946 2947 2948 2949 2950 2951 2952 2953 2954 2955 2956 2957 2958 2959 2960 2961 2962 2963 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Kernel Probes (KProbes) * kernel/kprobes.c * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004 * * 2002-Oct Created by Vamsi Krishna S <vamsi_krishna@in.ibm.com> Kernel * Probes initial implementation (includes suggestions from * Rusty Russell). * 2004-Aug Updated by Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> with * hlists and exceptions notifier as suggested by Andi Kleen. * 2004-July Suparna Bhattacharya <suparna@in.ibm.com> added jumper probes * interface to access function arguments. * 2004-Sep Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> Changed Kprobes * exceptions notifier to be first on the priority list. * 2005-May Hien Nguyen <hien@us.ibm.com>, Jim Keniston * <jkenisto@us.ibm.com> and Prasanna S Panchamukhi * <prasanna@in.ibm.com> added function-return probes. */ #include <linux/kprobes.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/moduleloader.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/kdebug.h> #include <linux/memory.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/static_call.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #define KPROBE_HASH_BITS 6 #define KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE (1 << KPROBE_HASH_BITS) static int kprobes_initialized; /* kprobe_table can be accessed by * - Normal hlist traversal and RCU add/del under kprobe_mutex is held. * Or * - RCU hlist traversal under disabling preempt (breakpoint handlers) */ static struct hlist_head kprobe_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; static struct hlist_head kretprobe_inst_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_all_disarmed; /* This protects kprobe_table and optimizing_list */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_mutex); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe *, kprobe_instance) = NULL; static struct { raw_spinlock_t lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; } kretprobe_table_locks[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; kprobe_opcode_t * __weak kprobe_lookup_name(const char *name, unsigned int __unused) { return ((kprobe_opcode_t *)(kallsyms_lookup_name(name))); } static raw_spinlock_t *kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(unsigned long hash) { return &(kretprobe_table_locks[hash].lock); } /* Blacklist -- list of struct kprobe_blacklist_entry */ static LIST_HEAD(kprobe_blacklist); #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT /* * kprobe->ainsn.insn points to the copy of the instruction to be * single-stepped. x86_64, POWER4 and above have no-exec support and * stepping on the instruction on a vmalloced/kmalloced/data page * is a recipe for disaster */ struct kprobe_insn_page { struct list_head list; kprobe_opcode_t *insns; /* Page of instruction slots */ struct kprobe_insn_cache *cache; int nused; int ngarbage; char slot_used[]; }; #define KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots) \ (offsetof(struct kprobe_insn_page, slot_used) + \ (sizeof(char) * (slots))) static int slots_per_page(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { return PAGE_SIZE/(c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); } enum kprobe_slot_state { SLOT_CLEAN = 0, SLOT_DIRTY = 1, SLOT_USED = 2, }; void __weak *alloc_insn_page(void) { return module_alloc(PAGE_SIZE); } void __weak free_insn_page(void *page) { module_memfree(page); } struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_insn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_insn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_insn_slots.pages), .insn_size = MAX_INSN_SIZE, .nr_garbage = 0, }; static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c); /** * __get_insn_slot() - Find a slot on an executable page for an instruction. * We allocate an executable page if there's no room on existing ones. */ kprobe_opcode_t *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; kprobe_opcode_t *slot = NULL; /* Since the slot array is not protected by rcu, we need a mutex */ mutex_lock(&c->mutex); retry: rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (kip->nused < slots_per_page(c)) { int i; for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_CLEAN) { kip->slot_used[i] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused++; slot = kip->insns + (i * c->insn_size); rcu_read_unlock(); goto out; } } /* kip->nused is broken. Fix it. */ kip->nused = slots_per_page(c); WARN_ON(1); } } rcu_read_unlock(); /* If there are any garbage slots, collect it and try again. */ if (c->nr_garbage && collect_garbage_slots(c) == 0) goto retry; /* All out of space. Need to allocate a new page. */ kip = kmalloc(KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots_per_page(c)), GFP_KERNEL); if (!kip) goto out; /* * Use module_alloc so this page is within +/- 2GB of where the * kernel image and loaded module images reside. This is required * so x86_64 can correctly handle the %rip-relative fixups. */ kip->insns = c->alloc(); if (!kip->insns) { kfree(kip); goto out; } INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kip->list); memset(kip->slot_used, SLOT_CLEAN, slots_per_page(c)); kip->slot_used[0] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused = 1; kip->ngarbage = 0; kip->cache = c; list_add_rcu(&kip->list, &c->pages); slot = kip->insns; /* Record the perf ksymbol register event after adding the page */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, false, c->sym); out: mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); return slot; } /* Return 1 if all garbages are collected, otherwise 0. */ static int collect_one_slot(struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, int idx) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_CLEAN; kip->nused--; if (kip->nused == 0) { /* * Page is no longer in use. Free it unless * it's the last one. We keep the last one * so as not to have to set it up again the * next time somebody inserts a probe. */ if (!list_is_singular(&kip->list)) { /* * Record perf ksymbol unregister event before removing * the page. */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, true, kip->cache->sym); list_del_rcu(&kip->list); synchronize_rcu(); kip->cache->free(kip->insns); kfree(kip); } return 1; } return 0; } static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, *next; /* Ensure no-one is interrupted on the garbages */ synchronize_rcu(); list_for_each_entry_safe(kip, next, &c->pages, list) { int i; if (kip->ngarbage == 0) continue; kip->ngarbage = 0; /* we will collect all garbages */ for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_DIRTY && collect_one_slot(kip, i)) break; } } c->nr_garbage = 0; return 0; } void __free_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; long idx; mutex_lock(&c->mutex); rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { idx = ((long)slot - (long)kip->insns) / (c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); if (idx >= 0 && idx < slots_per_page(c)) goto out; } /* Could not find this slot. */ WARN_ON(1); kip = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); /* Mark and sweep: this may sleep */ if (kip) { /* Check double free */ WARN_ON(kip->slot_used[idx] != SLOT_USED); if (dirty) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_DIRTY; kip->ngarbage++; if (++c->nr_garbage > slots_per_page(c)) collect_garbage_slots(c); } else { collect_one_slot(kip, idx); } } mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); } /* * Check given address is on the page of kprobe instruction slots. * This will be used for checking whether the address on a stack * is on a text area or not. */ bool __is_insn_slot_addr(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; bool ret = false; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)kip->insns && addr < (unsigned long)kip->insns + PAGE_SIZE) { ret = true; break; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } int kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; int ret = -ERANGE; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if ((*symnum)--) continue; strlcpy(sym, c->sym, KSYM_NAME_LEN); *type = 't'; *value = (unsigned long)kip->insns; ret = 0; break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* For optimized_kprobe buffer */ struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_optinsn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_optinsn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_OPTINSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_optinsn_slots.pages), /* .insn_size is initialized later */ .nr_garbage = 0, }; #endif #endif /* We have preemption disabled.. so it is safe to use __ versions */ static inline void set_kprobe_instance(struct kprobe *kp) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, kp); } static inline void reset_kprobe_instance(void) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, NULL); } /* * This routine is called either: * - under the kprobe_mutex - during kprobe_[un]register() * OR * - with preemption disabled - from arch/xxx/kernel/kprobes.c */ struct kprobe *get_kprobe(void *addr) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; head = &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist, lockdep_is_held(&kprobe_mutex)) { if (p->addr == addr) return p; } return NULL; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(get_kprobe); static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs); /* Return true if the kprobe is an aggregator */ static inline int kprobe_aggrprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return p->pre_handler == aggr_pre_handler; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is unused */ static inline int kprobe_unused(struct kprobe *p) { return kprobe_aggrprobe(p) && kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&p->list); } /* * Keep all fields in the kprobe consistent */ static inline void copy_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { memcpy(&p->opcode, &ap->opcode, sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); memcpy(&p->ainsn, &ap->ainsn, sizeof(struct arch_specific_insn)); } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_allow_optimization; /* * Call all pre_handler on the list, but ignores its return value. * This must be called from arch-dep optimized caller. */ void opt_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->pre_handler(kp, regs); } reset_kprobe_instance(); } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(opt_pre_handler); /* Free optimized instructions and optimized_kprobe */ static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(op); } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is ready for optimization. */ static inline int kprobe_optready(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn); } return 0; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is disarmed. Note: p must be on hash list */ static inline int kprobe_disarmed(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* If kprobe is not aggr/opt probe, just return kprobe is disabled */ if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) return kprobe_disabled(p); op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&op->list); } /* Return true(!0) if the probe is queued on (un)optimizing lists */ static int kprobe_queued(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Return an optimized kprobe whose optimizing code replaces * instructions including addr (exclude breakpoint). */ static struct kprobe *get_optimized_kprobe(unsigned long addr) { int i; struct kprobe *p = NULL; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Don't check i == 0, since that is a breakpoint case. */ for (i = 1; !p && i < MAX_OPTIMIZED_LENGTH; i++) p = get_kprobe((void *)(addr - i)); if (p && kprobe_optready(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (arch_within_optimized_kprobe(op, addr)) return p; } return NULL; } /* Optimization staging list, protected by kprobe_mutex */ static LIST_HEAD(optimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(unoptimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(freeing_list); static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(optimizing_work, kprobe_optimizer); #define OPTIMIZE_DELAY 5 /* * Optimize (replace a breakpoint with a jump) kprobes listed on * optimizing_list. */ static void do_optimize_kprobes(void) { lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* * The optimization/unoptimization refers online_cpus via * stop_machine() and cpu-hotplug modifies online_cpus. * And same time, text_mutex will be held in cpu-hotplug and here. * This combination can cause a deadlock (cpu-hotplug try to lock * text_mutex but stop_machine can not be done because online_cpus * has been changed) * To avoid this deadlock, caller must have locked cpu hotplug * for preventing cpu-hotplug outside of text_mutex locking. */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Optimization never be done when disarmed */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed || !kprobes_allow_optimization || list_empty(&optimizing_list)) return; arch_optimize_kprobes(&optimizing_list); } /* * Unoptimize (replace a jump with a breakpoint and remove the breakpoint * if need) kprobes listed on unoptimizing_list. */ static void do_unoptimize_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* See comment in do_optimize_kprobes() */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Unoptimization must be done anytime */ if (list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) return; arch_unoptimize_kprobes(&unoptimizing_list, &freeing_list); /* Loop free_list for disarming */ list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { /* Switching from detour code to origin */ op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* Disarm probes if marked disabled */ if (kprobe_disabled(&op->kp)) arch_disarm_kprobe(&op->kp); if (kprobe_unused(&op->kp)) { /* * Remove unused probes from hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, these probes are reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes.) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } else list_del_init(&op->list); } } /* Reclaim all kprobes on the free_list */ static void do_free_cleaned_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { list_del_init(&op->list); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!kprobe_unused(&op->kp))) { /* * This must not happen, but if there is a kprobe * still in use, keep it on kprobes hash list. */ continue; } free_aggr_kprobe(&op->kp); } } /* Start optimizer after OPTIMIZE_DELAY passed */ static void kick_kprobe_optimizer(void) { schedule_delayed_work(&optimizing_work, OPTIMIZE_DELAY); } /* Kprobe jump optimizer */ static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); /* * Step 1: Unoptimize kprobes and collect cleaned (unused and disarmed) * kprobes before waiting for quiesence period. */ do_unoptimize_kprobes(); /* * Step 2: Wait for quiesence period to ensure all potentially * preempted tasks to have normally scheduled. Because optprobe * may modify multiple instructions, there is a chance that Nth * instruction is preempted. In that case, such tasks can return * to 2nd-Nth byte of jump instruction. This wait is for avoiding it. * Note that on non-preemptive kernel, this is transparently converted * to synchronoze_sched() to wait for all interrupts to have completed. */ synchronize_rcu_tasks(); /* Step 3: Optimize kprobes after quiesence period */ do_optimize_kprobes(); /* Step 4: Free cleaned kprobes after quiesence period */ do_free_cleaned_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); /* Step 5: Kick optimizer again if needed */ if (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) kick_kprobe_optimizer(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } /* Wait for completing optimization and unoptimization */ void wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(void) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); while (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* this will also make optimizing_work execute immmediately */ flush_delayed_work(&optimizing_work); /* @optimizing_work might not have been queued yet, relax */ cpu_relax(); mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static bool optprobe_queued_unopt(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { struct optimized_kprobe *_op; list_for_each_entry(_op, &unoptimizing_list, list) { if (op == _op) return true; } return false; } /* Optimize kprobe if p is ready to be optimized */ static void optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Check if the kprobe is disabled or not ready for optimization. */ if (!kprobe_optready(p) || !kprobes_allow_optimization || (kprobe_disabled(p) || kprobes_all_disarmed)) return; /* kprobes with post_handler can not be optimized */ if (p->post_handler) return; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); /* Check there is no other kprobes at the optimized instructions */ if (arch_check_optimized_kprobe(op) < 0) return; /* Check if it is already optimized. */ if (op->kp.flags & KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* This is under unoptimizing. Just dequeue the probe */ list_del_init(&op->list); } return; } op->kp.flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* On unoptimizing/optimizing_list, op must have OPTIMIZED flag */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&op->list))) return; list_add(&op->list, &optimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } /* Short cut to direct unoptimizing */ static void force_unoptimize_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); arch_unoptimize_kprobe(op); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } /* Unoptimize a kprobe if p is optimized */ static void unoptimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool force) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p) || kprobe_disarmed(p)) return; /* This is not an optprobe nor optimized */ op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!kprobe_optimized(p)) return; if (!list_empty(&op->list)) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* Queued in unoptimizing queue */ if (force) { /* * Forcibly unoptimize the kprobe here, and queue it * in the freeing list for release afterwards. */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); list_move(&op->list, &freeing_list); } } else { /* Dequeue from the optimizing queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } return; } /* Optimized kprobe case */ if (force) { /* Forcibly update the code: this is a special case */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); } else { list_add(&op->list, &unoptimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } } /* Cancel unoptimizing for reusing */ static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* * Unused kprobe MUST be on the way of delayed unoptimizing (means * there is still a relative jump) and disabled. */ op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); WARN_ON_ONCE(list_empty(&op->list)); /* Enable the probe again */ ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Optimize it again (remove from op->list) */ if (!kprobe_optready(ap)) return -EINVAL; optimize_kprobe(ap); return 0; } /* Remove optimized instructions */ static void kill_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) /* Dequeue from the (un)optimization queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; if (kprobe_unused(p)) { /* Enqueue if it is unused */ list_add(&op->list, &freeing_list); /* * Remove unused probes from the hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, this probe is reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes().) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } /* Don't touch the code, because it is already freed. */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); } static inline void __prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op, struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) arch_prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Try to prepare optimized instructions */ static void prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Allocate new optimized_kprobe and try to prepare optimized instructions */ static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = kzalloc(sizeof(struct optimized_kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); if (!op) return NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&op->list); op->kp.addr = p->addr; __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); return &op->kp; } static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p); /* * Prepare an optimized_kprobe and optimize it * NOTE: p must be a normal registered kprobe */ static void try_to_optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Impossible to optimize ftrace-based kprobe */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p)) return; /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ cpus_read_lock(); jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(p); if (!ap) goto out; op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn)) { /* If failed to setup optimizing, fallback to kprobe */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); kfree(op); goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, p); optimize_kprobe(ap); /* This just kicks optimizer thread */ out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); } static void optimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already allowed, just return */ if (kprobes_allow_optimization) goto out; cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) optimize_kprobe(p); } cpus_read_unlock(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally optimized\n"); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL static void unoptimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already prohibited, just return */ if (!kprobes_allow_optimization) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return; } cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = false; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) unoptimize_kprobe(p, false); } } cpus_read_unlock(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for unoptimizing completion */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally unoptimized\n"); } static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_sysctl_mutex); int sysctl_kprobes_optimization; int proc_kprobes_optimization_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); sysctl_kprobes_optimization = kprobes_allow_optimization ? 1 : 0; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, length, ppos); if (sysctl_kprobes_optimization) optimize_all_kprobes(); else unoptimize_all_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */ /* Put a breakpoint for a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Check collision with other optimized kprobes */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p)) /* Fallback to unoptimized kprobe */ unoptimize_kprobe(_p, true); arch_arm_kprobe(p); optimize_kprobe(p); /* Try to optimize (add kprobe to a list) */ } /* Remove the breakpoint of a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool reopt) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Try to unoptimize */ unoptimize_kprobe(p, kprobes_all_disarmed); if (!kprobe_queued(p)) { arch_disarm_kprobe(p); /* If another kprobe was blocked, optimize it. */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p) && reopt) optimize_kprobe(_p); } /* TODO: reoptimize others after unoptimized this probe */ } #else /* !CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #define optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define unoptimize_kprobe(p, f) do {} while (0) #define kill_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define prepare_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define try_to_optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define __arm_kprobe(p) arch_arm_kprobe(p) #define __disarm_kprobe(p, o) arch_disarm_kprobe(p) #define kprobe_disarmed(p) kprobe_disabled(p) #define wait_for_kprobe_optimizer() do {} while (0) static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { /* * If the optimized kprobe is NOT supported, the aggr kprobe is * released at the same time that the last aggregated kprobe is * unregistered. * Thus there should be no chance to reuse unused kprobe. */ printk(KERN_ERR "Error: There should be no unused kprobe here.\n"); return -EINVAL; } static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(p); } static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return kzalloc(sizeof(struct kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); } #endif /* CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ftrace_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS, }; static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ipmodify_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS | FTRACE_OPS_FL_IPMODIFY, }; static int kprobe_ipmodify_enabled; static int kprobe_ftrace_enabled; /* Must ensure p->addr is really on ftrace */ static int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); return arch_prepare_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 0, 0); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to arm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } if (*cnt == 0) { ret = register_ftrace_function(ops); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to init kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret); goto err_ftrace; } } (*cnt)++; return ret; err_ftrace: /* * At this point, sinec ops is not registered, we should be sefe from * registering empty filter. */ ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); return ret; } static int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __arm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; if (*cnt == 1) { ret = unregister_ftrace_function(ops); if (WARN(ret < 0, "Failed to unregister kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret)) return ret; } (*cnt)--; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); WARN_ONCE(ret < 0, "Failed to disarm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } static int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ static inline int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); } static inline int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } static inline int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } #endif /* Arm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return arm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __arm_kprobe(kp); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* Disarm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp, bool reopt) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return disarm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __disarm_kprobe(kp, reopt); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* * Aggregate handlers for multiple kprobes support - these handlers * take care of invoking the individual kprobe handlers on p->list */ static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); if (kp->pre_handler(kp, regs)) return 1; } reset_kprobe_instance(); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_pre_handler); static void aggr_post_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long flags) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->post_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->post_handler(kp, regs, flags); reset_kprobe_instance(); } } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_post_handler); static int aggr_fault_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr) { struct kprobe *cur = __this_cpu_read(kprobe_instance); /* * if we faulted "during" the execution of a user specified * probe handler, invoke just that probe's fault handler */ if (cur && cur->fault_handler) { if (cur->fault_handler(cur, regs, trapnr)) return 1; } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_fault_handler); /* Walks the list and increments nmissed count for multiprobe case */ void kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { p->nmissed++; } else { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) kp->nmissed++; } return; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobes_inc_nmissed_count); static void recycle_rp_inst(struct kretprobe_instance *ri) { struct kretprobe *rp = ri->rp; /* remove rp inst off the rprobe_inst_table */ hlist_del(&ri->hlist); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); if (likely(rp)) { raw_spin_lock(&rp->lock); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock(&rp->lock); } else kfree_rcu(ri, rcu); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(recycle_rp_inst); static void kretprobe_hash_lock(struct task_struct *tsk, struct hlist_head **head, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; *head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_lock); static void kretprobe_table_lock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_lock); static void kretprobe_hash_unlock(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_unlock); static void kretprobe_table_unlock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_unlock); static struct kprobe kprobe_busy = { .addr = (void *) get_kprobe, }; void kprobe_busy_begin(void) { struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb; preempt_disable(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &kprobe_busy); kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk(); kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE; } void kprobe_busy_end(void) { __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, NULL); preempt_enable(); } /* * This function is called from finish_task_switch when task tk becomes dead, * so that we can recycle any function-return probe instances associated * with this task. These left over instances represent probed functions * that have been called but will never return. */ void kprobe_flush_task(struct task_struct *tk) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long hash, flags = 0; if (unlikely(!kprobes_initialized)) /* Early boot. kretprobe_table_locks not yet initialized. */ return; kprobe_busy_begin(); hash = hash_ptr(tk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task == tk) recycle_rp_inst(ri); } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); kprobe_busy_end(); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_flush_task); static inline void free_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, &rp->free_instances, hlist) { hlist_del(&ri->hlist); kfree(ri); } } static void cleanup_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { unsigned long flags, hash; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; struct hlist_head *head; /* To avoid recursive kretprobe by NMI, set kprobe busy here */ kprobe_busy_begin(); for (hash = 0; hash < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; hash++) { kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, head, hlist) { if (ri->rp == rp) ri->rp = NULL; } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } kprobe_busy_end(); free_rp_inst(rp); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(cleanup_rp_inst); /* Add the new probe to ap->list */ static int add_new_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { if (p->post_handler) unoptimize_kprobe(ap, true); /* Fall back to normal kprobe */ list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); if (p->post_handler && !ap->post_handler) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; return 0; } /* * Fill in the required fields of the "manager kprobe". Replace the * earlier kprobe in the hlist with the manager kprobe */ static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { /* Copy p's insn slot to ap */ copy_kprobe(p, ap); flush_insn_slot(ap); ap->addr = p->addr; ap->flags = p->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; ap->pre_handler = aggr_pre_handler; ap->fault_handler = aggr_fault_handler; /* We don't care the kprobe which has gone. */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ap->list); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ap->hlist); list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); hlist_replace_rcu(&p->hlist, &ap->hlist); } /* * This is the second or subsequent kprobe at the address - handle * the intricacies */ static int register_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *orig_p, struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *ap = orig_p; cpus_read_lock(); /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(orig_p)) { /* If orig_p is not an aggr_kprobe, create new aggr_kprobe. */ ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(orig_p); if (!ap) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, orig_p); } else if (kprobe_unused(ap)) { /* This probe is going to die. Rescue it */ ret = reuse_unused_kprobe(ap); if (ret) goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(ap)) { /* * Attempting to insert new probe at the same location that * had a probe in the module vaddr area which already * freed. So, the instruction slot has already been * released. We need a new slot for the new probe. */ ret = arch_prepare_kprobe(ap); if (ret) /* * Even if fail to allocate new slot, don't need to * free aggr_probe. It will be used next time, or * freed by unregister_kprobe. */ goto out; /* Prepare optimized instructions if possible. */ prepare_optimized_kprobe(ap); /* * Clear gone flag to prevent allocating new slot again, and * set disabled flag because it is not armed yet. */ ap->flags = (ap->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_GONE) | KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } /* Copy ap's insn slot to p */ copy_kprobe(ap, p); ret = add_new_kprobe(ap, p); out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret == 0 && kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { /* Arm the breakpoint again. */ ret = arm_kprobe(ap); if (ret) { ap->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; list_del_rcu(&p->list); synchronize_rcu(); } } } return ret; } bool __weak arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { /* The __kprobes marked functions and entry code must not be probed */ return addr >= (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start && addr < (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end; } static bool __within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; if (arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* * If there exists a kprobe_blacklist, verify and * fail any probe registration in the prohibited area */ list_for_each_entry(ent, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (addr >= ent->start_addr && addr < ent->end_addr) return true; } return false; } bool within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { char symname[KSYM_NAME_LEN], *p; if (__within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* Check if the address is on a suffixed-symbol */ if (!lookup_symbol_name(addr, symname)) { p = strchr(symname, '.'); if (!p) return false; *p = '\0'; addr = (unsigned long)kprobe_lookup_name(symname, 0); if (addr) return __within_kprobe_blacklist(addr); } return false; } /* * If we have a symbol_name argument, look it up and add the offset field * to it. This way, we can specify a relative address to a symbol. * This returns encoded errors if it fails to look up symbol or invalid * combination of parameters. */ static kprobe_opcode_t *_kprobe_addr(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *symbol_name, unsigned int offset) { if ((symbol_name && addr) || (!symbol_name && !addr)) goto invalid; if (symbol_name) { addr = kprobe_lookup_name(symbol_name, offset); if (!addr) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } addr = (kprobe_opcode_t *)(((char *)addr) + offset); if (addr) return addr; invalid: return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static kprobe_opcode_t *kprobe_addr(struct kprobe *p) { return _kprobe_addr(p->addr, p->symbol_name, p->offset); } /* Check passed kprobe is valid and return kprobe in kprobe_table. */ static struct kprobe *__get_valid_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); ap = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (unlikely(!ap)) return NULL; if (p != ap) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) if (list_p == p) /* kprobe p is a valid probe */ goto valid; return NULL; } valid: return ap; } /* Return error if the kprobe is being re-registered */ static inline int check_kprobe_rereg(struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); if (__get_valid_kprobe(p)) ret = -EINVAL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } int __weak arch_check_ftrace_location(struct kprobe *p) { unsigned long ftrace_addr; ftrace_addr = ftrace_location((unsigned long)p->addr); if (ftrace_addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE /* Given address is not on the instruction boundary */ if ((unsigned long)p->addr != ftrace_addr) return -EILSEQ; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_FTRACE; #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ return -EINVAL; #endif } return 0; } static int check_kprobe_address_safe(struct kprobe *p, struct module **probed_mod) { int ret; ret = arch_check_ftrace_location(p); if (ret) return ret; jump_label_lock(); preempt_disable(); /* Ensure it is not in reserved area nor out of text */ if (!kernel_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr) || within_kprobe_blacklist((unsigned long) p->addr) || jump_label_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || static_call_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || find_bug((unsigned long)p->addr)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } /* Check if are we probing a module */ *probed_mod = __module_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr); if (*probed_mod) { /* * We must hold a refcount of the probed module while updating * its code to prohibit unexpected unloading. */ if (unlikely(!try_module_get(*probed_mod))) { ret = -ENOENT; goto out; } /* * If the module freed .init.text, we couldn't insert * kprobes in there. */ if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, *probed_mod) && (*probed_mod)->state != MODULE_STATE_COMING) { module_put(*probed_mod); *probed_mod = NULL; ret = -ENOENT; } } out: preempt_enable(); jump_label_unlock(); return ret; } int register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { int ret; struct kprobe *old_p; struct module *probed_mod; kprobe_opcode_t *addr; /* Adjust probe address from symbol */ addr = kprobe_addr(p); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); p->addr = addr; ret = check_kprobe_rereg(p); if (ret) return ret; /* User can pass only KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED to register_kprobe */ p->flags &= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; p->nmissed = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->list); ret = check_kprobe_address_safe(p, &probed_mod); if (ret) return ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); old_p = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (old_p) { /* Since this may unoptimize old_p, locking text_mutex. */ ret = register_aggr_kprobe(old_p, p); goto out; } cpus_read_lock(); /* Prevent text modification */ mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ret = prepare_kprobe(p); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret) goto out; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&p->hlist); hlist_add_head_rcu(&p->hlist, &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(p->addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]); if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) { hlist_del_rcu(&p->hlist); synchronize_rcu(); goto out; } } /* Try to optimize kprobe */ try_to_optimize_kprobe(p); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); if (probed_mod) module_put(probed_mod); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobe); /* Check if all probes on the aggrprobe are disabled */ static int aggr_kprobe_disabled(struct kprobe *ap) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); list_for_each_entry(kp, &ap->list, list) if (!kprobe_disabled(kp)) /* * There is an active probe on the list. * We can't disable this ap. */ return 0; return 1; } /* Disable one kprobe: Make sure called under kprobe_mutex is locked */ static struct kprobe *__disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *orig_p; int ret; /* Get an original kprobe for return */ orig_p = __get_valid_kprobe(p); if (unlikely(orig_p == NULL)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { /* Disable probe if it is a child probe */ if (p != orig_p) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Try to disarm and disable this/parent probe */ if (p == orig_p || aggr_kprobe_disabled(orig_p)) { /* * If kprobes_all_disarmed is set, orig_p * should have already been disarmed, so * skip unneed disarming process. */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { ret = disarm_kprobe(orig_p, true); if (ret) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; return ERR_PTR(ret); } } orig_p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } } return orig_p; } /* * Unregister a kprobe without a scheduler synchronization. */ static int __unregister_kprobe_top(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; /* Disable kprobe. This will disarm it if needed. */ ap = __disable_kprobe(p); if (IS_ERR(ap)) return PTR_ERR(ap); if (ap == p) /* * This probe is an independent(and non-optimized) kprobe * (not an aggrprobe). Remove from the hash list. */ goto disarmed; /* Following process expects this probe is an aggrprobe */ WARN_ON(!kprobe_aggrprobe(ap)); if (list_is_singular(&ap->list) && kprobe_disarmed(ap)) /* * !disarmed could be happen if the probe is under delayed * unoptimizing. */ goto disarmed; else { /* If disabling probe has special handlers, update aggrprobe */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) { if ((list_p != p) && (list_p->post_handler)) goto noclean; } ap->post_handler = NULL; } noclean: /* * Remove from the aggrprobe: this path will do nothing in * __unregister_kprobe_bottom(). */ list_del_rcu(&p->list); if (!kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) /* * Try to optimize this probe again, because post * handler may have been changed. */ optimize_kprobe(ap); } return 0; disarmed: hlist_del_rcu(&ap->hlist); return 0; } static void __unregister_kprobe_bottom(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; if (list_empty(&p->list)) /* This is an independent kprobe */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); else if (list_is_singular(&p->list)) { /* This is the last child of an aggrprobe */ ap = list_entry(p->list.next, struct kprobe, list); list_del(&p->list); free_aggr_kprobe(ap); } /* Otherwise, do nothing. */ } int register_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i, ret = 0; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kprobe(kps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kprobes(kps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobes); void unregister_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { unregister_kprobes(&p, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobe); void unregister_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(kps[i]) < 0) kps[i]->addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (kps[i]->addr) __unregister_kprobe_bottom(kps[i]); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobes); int __weak kprobe_exceptions_notify(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long val, void *data) { return NOTIFY_DONE; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_exceptions_notify); static struct notifier_block kprobe_exceptions_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobe_exceptions_notify, .priority = 0x7fffffff /* we need to be notified first */ }; unsigned long __weak arch_deref_entry_point(void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry; } #ifdef CONFIG_KRETPROBES unsigned long __kretprobe_trampoline_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, void *trampoline_address, void *frame_pointer) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri = NULL, *last = NULL; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long flags; kprobe_opcode_t *correct_ret_addr = NULL; bool skipped = false; kretprobe_hash_lock(current, &head, &flags); /* * It is possible to have multiple instances associated with a given * task either because multiple functions in the call path have * return probes installed on them, and/or more than one * return probe was registered for a target function. * * We can handle this because: * - instances are always pushed into the head of the list * - when multiple return probes are registered for the same * function, the (chronologically) first instance's ret_addr * will be the real return address, and all the rest will * point to kretprobe_trampoline. */ hlist_for_each_entry(ri, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; /* * Return probes must be pushed on this hash list correct * order (same as return order) so that it can be popped * correctly. However, if we find it is pushed it incorrect * order, this means we find a function which should not be * probed, because the wrong order entry is pushed on the * path of processing other kretprobe itself. */ if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) { if (!skipped) pr_warn("kretprobe is stacked incorrectly. Trying to fixup.\n"); skipped = true; continue; } correct_ret_addr = ri->ret_addr; if (skipped) pr_warn("%ps must be blacklisted because of incorrect kretprobe order\n", ri->rp->kp.addr); if (correct_ret_addr != trampoline_address) /* * This is the real return address. Any other * instances associated with this task are for * other calls deeper on the call stack */ break; } BUG_ON(!correct_ret_addr || (correct_ret_addr == trampoline_address)); last = ri; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) continue; if (ri->rp && ri->rp->handler) { struct kprobe *prev = kprobe_running(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &ri->rp->kp); ri->ret_addr = correct_ret_addr; ri->rp->handler(ri, regs); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, prev); } recycle_rp_inst(ri); if (ri == last) break; } kretprobe_hash_unlock(current, &flags); return (unsigned long)correct_ret_addr; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(__kretprobe_trampoline_handler) /* * This kprobe pre_handler is registered with every kretprobe. When probe * hits it will set up the return probe. */ static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kretprobe *rp = container_of(p, struct kretprobe, kp); unsigned long hash, flags = 0; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; /* TODO: consider to only swap the RA after the last pre_handler fired */ hash = hash_ptr(current, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); if (!hlist_empty(&rp->free_instances)) { ri = hlist_entry(rp->free_instances.first, struct kretprobe_instance, hlist); hlist_del(&ri->hlist); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); ri->rp = rp; ri->task = current; if (rp->entry_handler && rp->entry_handler(ri, regs)) { raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); return 0; } arch_prepare_kretprobe(ri, regs); /* XXX(hch): why is there no hlist_move_head? */ INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]); kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } else { rp->nmissed++; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); bool __weak arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(unsigned long offset) { return !offset; } /** * kprobe_on_func_entry() -- check whether given address is function entry * @addr: Target address * @sym: Target symbol name * @offset: The offset from the symbol or the address * * This checks whether the given @addr+@offset or @sym+@offset is on the * function entry address or not. * This returns 0 if it is the function entry, or -EINVAL if it is not. * And also it returns -ENOENT if it fails the symbol or address lookup. * Caller must pass @addr or @sym (either one must be NULL), or this * returns -EINVAL. */ int kprobe_on_func_entry(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *sym, unsigned long offset) { kprobe_opcode_t *kp_addr = _kprobe_addr(addr, sym, offset); if (IS_ERR(kp_addr)) return PTR_ERR(kp_addr); if (!kallsyms_lookup_size_offset((unsigned long)kp_addr, NULL, &offset)) return -ENOENT; if (!arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(offset)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { int ret; struct kretprobe_instance *inst; int i; void *addr; ret = kprobe_on_func_entry(rp->kp.addr, rp->kp.symbol_name, rp->kp.offset); if (ret) return ret; /* If only rp->kp.addr is specified, check reregistering kprobes */ if (rp->kp.addr && check_kprobe_rereg(&rp->kp)) return -EINVAL; if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { addr = kprobe_addr(&rp->kp); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { if (kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr == addr) return -EINVAL; } } if (rp->data_size > KRETPROBE_MAX_DATA_SIZE) return -E2BIG; rp->kp.pre_handler = pre_handler_kretprobe; rp->kp.post_handler = NULL; rp->kp.fault_handler = NULL; /* Pre-allocate memory for max kretprobe instances */ if (rp->maxactive <= 0) { #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION rp->maxactive = max_t(unsigned int, 10, 2*num_possible_cpus()); #else rp->maxactive = num_possible_cpus(); #endif } raw_spin_lock_init(&rp->lock); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&rp->free_instances); for (i = 0; i < rp->maxactive; i++) { inst = kmalloc(sizeof(struct kretprobe_instance) + rp->data_size, GFP_KERNEL); if (inst == NULL) { free_rp_inst(rp); return -ENOMEM; } INIT_HLIST_NODE(&inst->hlist); hlist_add_head(&inst->hlist, &rp->free_instances); } rp->nmissed = 0; /* Establish function entry probe point */ ret = register_kprobe(&rp->kp); if (ret != 0) free_rp_inst(rp); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int ret = 0, i; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kretprobe(rps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kretprobes(rps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { unregister_kretprobes(&rp, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(&rps[i]->kp) < 0) rps[i]->kp.addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { if (rps[i]->kp.addr) { __unregister_kprobe_bottom(&rps[i]->kp); cleanup_rp_inst(rps[i]); } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); #else /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); #endif /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ /* Set the kprobe gone and remove its instruction buffer. */ static void kill_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(kprobe_gone(p))) return; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { /* * If this is an aggr_kprobe, we have to list all the * chained probes and mark them GONE. */ list_for_each_entry(kp, &p->list, list) kp->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; p->post_handler = NULL; kill_optimized_kprobe(p); } /* * Here, we can remove insn_slot safely, because no thread calls * the original probed function (which will be freed soon) any more. */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); /* * The module is going away. We should disarm the kprobe which * is using ftrace, because ftrace framework is still available at * MODULE_STATE_GOING notification. */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Disable one kprobe */ int disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Disable this kprobe */ p = __disable_kprobe(kp); if (IS_ERR(p)) ret = PTR_ERR(p); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(disable_kprobe); /* Enable one kprobe */ int enable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Check whether specified probe is valid. */ p = __get_valid_kprobe(kp); if (unlikely(p == NULL)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(kp)) { /* This kprobe has gone, we couldn't enable it. */ ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (p != kp) kp->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && kprobe_disabled(p)) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(enable_kprobe); /* Caller must NOT call this in usual path. This is only for critical case */ void dump_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { pr_err("Dumping kprobe:\n"); pr_err("Name: %s\nOffset: %x\nAddress: %pS\n", kp->symbol_name, kp->offset, kp->addr); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(dump_kprobe); int kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; unsigned long offset = 0, size = 0; if (!kernel_text_address(entry) || !kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(entry, &size, &offset)) return -EINVAL; ent = kmalloc(sizeof(*ent), GFP_KERNEL); if (!ent) return -ENOMEM; ent->start_addr = entry; ent->end_addr = entry + size; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ent->list); list_add_tail(&ent->list, &kprobe_blacklist); return (int)size; } /* Add all symbols in given area into kprobe blacklist */ int kprobe_add_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long entry; int ret = 0; for (entry = start; entry < end; entry += ret) { ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret == 0) /* In case of alias symbol */ ret = 1; } return 0; } /* Remove all symbols in given area from kprobe blacklist */ static void kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent, *n; list_for_each_entry_safe(ent, n, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (ent->start_addr < start || ent->start_addr >= end) continue; list_del(&ent->list); kfree(ent); } } static void kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(entry, entry + 1); } int __weak arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { return -ERANGE; } int kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_insn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_optinsn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #endif #endif if (!arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(&symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; return -ERANGE; } int __init __weak arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(void) { return 0; } /* * Lookup and populate the kprobe_blacklist. * * Unlike the kretprobe blacklist, we'll need to determine * the range of addresses that belong to the said functions, * since a kprobe need not necessarily be at the beginning * of a function. */ static int __init populate_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long *start, unsigned long *end) { unsigned long entry; unsigned long *iter; int ret; for (iter = start; iter < end; iter++) { entry = arch_deref_entry_point((void *)*iter); ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret == -EINVAL) continue; if (ret < 0) return ret; } /* Symbols in __kprobes_text are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start, (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end); if (ret) return ret; /* Symbols in noinstr section are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__noinstr_text_start, (unsigned long)__noinstr_text_end); return ret ? : arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(); } static void add_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } } static void remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } } /* Module notifier call back, checking kprobes on the module */ static int kprobes_module_callback(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val, void *data) { struct module *mod = data; struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; int checkcore = (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING); if (val == MODULE_STATE_COMING) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); add_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } if (val != MODULE_STATE_GOING && val != MODULE_STATE_LIVE) return NOTIFY_DONE; /* * When MODULE_STATE_GOING was notified, both of module .text and * .init.text sections would be freed. When MODULE_STATE_LIVE was * notified, only .init.text section would be freed. We need to * disable kprobes which have been inserted in the sections. */ mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (kprobe_gone(p)) continue; if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, mod) || (checkcore && within_module_core((unsigned long)p->addr, mod))) { /* * The vaddr this probe is installed will soon * be vfreed buy not synced to disk. Hence, * disarming the breakpoint isn't needed. * * Note, this will also move any optimized probes * that are pending to be removed from their * corresponding lists to the freeing_list and * will not be touched by the delayed * kprobe_optimizer work handler. */ kill_kprobe(p); } } } if (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING) remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return NOTIFY_DONE; } static struct notifier_block kprobe_module_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobes_module_callback, .priority = 0 }; /* Markers of _kprobe_blacklist section */ extern unsigned long __start_kprobe_blacklist[]; extern unsigned long __stop_kprobe_blacklist[]; void kprobe_free_init_mem(void) { void *start = (void *)(&__init_begin); void *end = (void *)(&__init_end); struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Kill all kprobes on initmem */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (start <= (void *)p->addr && (void *)p->addr < end) kill_kprobe(p); } } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static int __init init_kprobes(void) { int i, err = 0; /* FIXME allocate the probe table, currently defined statically */ /* initialize all list heads */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kprobe_table[i]); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kretprobe_inst_table[i]); raw_spin_lock_init(&(kretprobe_table_locks[i].lock)); } err = populate_kprobe_blacklist(__start_kprobe_blacklist, __stop_kprobe_blacklist); if (err) { pr_err("kprobes: failed to populate blacklist: %d\n", err); pr_err("Please take care of using kprobes.\n"); } if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { /* lookup the function address from its name */ for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr = kprobe_lookup_name(kretprobe_blacklist[i].name, 0); if (!kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr) printk("kretprobe: lookup failed: %s\n", kretprobe_blacklist[i].name); } } /* By default, kprobes are armed */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) && defined(__ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT) /* Init kprobe_optinsn_slots for allocation */ kprobe_optinsn_slots.insn_size = MAX_OPTINSN_SIZE; #endif err = arch_init_kprobes(); if (!err) err = register_die_notifier(&kprobe_exceptions_nb); if (!err) err = register_module_notifier(&kprobe_module_nb); kprobes_initialized = (err == 0); if (!err) init_test_probes(); return err; } early_initcall(init_kprobes); #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) static int __init init_optprobes(void) { /* * Enable kprobe optimization - this kicks the optimizer which * depends on synchronize_rcu_tasks() and ksoftirqd, that is * not spawned in early initcall. So delay the optimization. */ optimize_all_kprobes(); return 0; } subsys_initcall(init_optprobes); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static void report_probe(struct seq_file *pi, struct kprobe *p, const char *sym, int offset, char *modname, struct kprobe *pp) { char *kprobe_type; void *addr = p->addr; if (p->pre_handler == pre_handler_kretprobe) kprobe_type = "r"; else kprobe_type = "k"; if (!kallsyms_show_value(pi->file->f_cred)) addr = NULL; if (sym) seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %s+0x%x %s ", addr, kprobe_type, sym, offset, (modname ? modname : " ")); else /* try to use %pS */ seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %pS ", addr, kprobe_type, p->addr); if (!pp) pp = p; seq_printf(pi, "%s%s%s%s\n", (kprobe_gone(p) ? "[GONE]" : ""), ((kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobe_gone(p)) ? "[DISABLED]" : ""), (kprobe_optimized(pp) ? "[OPTIMIZED]" : ""), (kprobe_ftrace(pp) ? "[FTRACE]" : "")); } static void *kprobe_seq_start(struct seq_file *f, loff_t *pos) { return (*pos < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) ? pos : NULL; } static void *kprobe_seq_next(struct seq_file *f, void *v, loff_t *pos) { (*pos)++; if (*pos >= KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) return NULL; return pos; } static void kprobe_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { /* Nothing to do */ } static int show_kprobe_addr(struct seq_file *pi, void *v) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p, *kp; const char *sym = NULL; unsigned int i = *(loff_t *) v; unsigned long offset = 0; char *modname, namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN]; head = &kprobe_table[i]; preempt_disable(); hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist) { sym = kallsyms_lookup((unsigned long)p->addr, NULL, &offset, &modname, namebuf); if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) report_probe(pi, kp, sym, offset, modname, p); } else report_probe(pi, p, sym, offset, modname, NULL); } preempt_enable(); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations kprobes_sops = { .start = kprobe_seq_start, .next = kprobe_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_seq_stop, .show = show_kprobe_addr }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobes); /* kprobes/blacklist -- shows which functions can not be probed */ static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); return seq_list_start(&kprobe_blacklist, *pos); } static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { return seq_list_next(v, &kprobe_blacklist, pos); } static int kprobe_blacklist_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent = list_entry(v, struct kprobe_blacklist_entry, list); /* * If /proc/kallsyms is not showing kernel address, we won't * show them here either. */ if (!kallsyms_show_value(m->file->f_cred)) seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", NULL, NULL, (void *)ent->start_addr); else seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", (void *)ent->start_addr, (void *)ent->end_addr, (void *)ent->start_addr); return 0; } static void kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static const struct seq_operations kprobe_blacklist_sops = { .start = kprobe_blacklist_seq_start, .next = kprobe_blacklist_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop, .show = kprobe_blacklist_seq_show, }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobe_blacklist); static int arm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are armed, just return */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) goto already_enabled; /* * optimize_kprobe() called by arm_kprobe() checks * kprobes_all_disarmed, so set kprobes_all_disarmed before * arm_kprobe. */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; /* Arming kprobes doesn't optimize kprobe itself */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Arm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = arm_kprobe(p); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally enabled, but failed to arm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally enabled\n"); already_enabled: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } static int disarm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are already disarmed, just return */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return 0; } kprobes_all_disarmed = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Disarm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!arch_trampoline_kprobe(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = disarm_kprobe(p, false); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally disabled, but failed to disarm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally disabled\n"); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for disarming all kprobes by optimizer */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); return ret; } /* * XXX: The debugfs bool file interface doesn't allow for callbacks * when the bool state is switched. We can reuse that facility when * available */ static ssize_t read_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[3]; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) buf[0] = '1'; else buf[0] = '0'; buf[1] = '\n'; buf[2] = 0x00; return simple_read_from_buffer(user_buf, count, ppos, buf, 2); } static ssize_t write_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, const char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[32]; size_t buf_size; int ret = 0; buf_size = min(count, (sizeof(buf)-1)); if (copy_from_user(buf, user_buf, buf_size)) return -EFAULT; buf[buf_size] = '\0'; switch (buf[0]) { case 'y': case 'Y': case '1': ret = arm_all_kprobes(); break; case 'n': case 'N': case '0': ret = disarm_all_kprobes(); break; default: return -EINVAL; } if (ret) return ret; return count; } static const struct file_operations fops_kp = { .read = read_enabled_file_bool, .write = write_enabled_file_bool, .llseek = default_llseek, }; static int __init debugfs_kprobe_init(void) { struct dentry *dir; dir = debugfs_create_dir("kprobes", NULL); debugfs_create_file("list", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobes_fops); debugfs_create_file("enabled", 0600, dir, NULL, &fops_kp); debugfs_create_file("blacklist", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobe_blacklist_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(debugfs_kprobe_init); #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_FS */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_UNALIGNED_ACCESS_OK_H #define _LINUX_UNALIGNED_ACCESS_OK_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> static __always_inline u16 get_unaligned_le16(const void *p) { return le16_to_cpup((__le16 *)p); } static __always_inline u32 get_unaligned_le32(const void *p) { return le32_to_cpup((__le32 *)p); } static __always_inline u64 get_unaligned_le64(const void *p) { return le64_to_cpup((__le64 *)p); } static __always_inline u16 get_unaligned_be16(const void *p) { return be16_to_cpup((__be16 *)p); } static __always_inline u32 get_unaligned_be32(const void *p) { return be32_to_cpup((__be32 *)p); } static __always_inline u64 get_unaligned_be64(const void *p) { return be64_to_cpup((__be64 *)p); } static __always_inline void put_unaligned_le16(u16 val, void *p) { *((__le16 *)p) = cpu_to_le16(val); } static __always_inline void put_unaligned_le32(u32 val, void *p) { *((__le32 *)p) = cpu_to_le32(val); } static __always_inline void put_unaligned_le64(u64 val, void *p) { *((__le64 *)p) = cpu_to_le64(val); } static __always_inline void put_unaligned_be16(u16 val, void *p) { *((__be16 *)p) = cpu_to_be16(val); } static __always_inline void put_unaligned_be32(u32 val, void *p) { *((__be32 *)p) = cpu_to_be32(val); } static __always_inline void put_unaligned_be64(u64 val, void *p) { *((__be64 *)p) = cpu_to_be64(val); } #endif /* _LINUX_UNALIGNED_ACCESS_OK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM vmscan #if !defined(_TRACE_VMSCAN_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_VMSCAN_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> #define RECLAIM_WB_ANON 0x0001u #define RECLAIM_WB_FILE 0x0002u #define RECLAIM_WB_MIXED 0x0010u #define RECLAIM_WB_SYNC 0x0004u /* Unused, all reclaim async */ #define RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC 0x0008u #define RECLAIM_WB_LRU (RECLAIM_WB_ANON|RECLAIM_WB_FILE) #define show_reclaim_flags(flags) \ (flags) ? __print_flags(flags, "|", \ {RECLAIM_WB_ANON, "RECLAIM_WB_ANON"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_FILE, "RECLAIM_WB_FILE"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_MIXED, "RECLAIM_WB_MIXED"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_SYNC, "RECLAIM_WB_SYNC"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC, "RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC"} \ ) : "RECLAIM_WB_NONE" #define trace_reclaim_flags(file) ( \ (file ? RECLAIM_WB_FILE : RECLAIM_WB_ANON) | \ (RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC) \ ) TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_kswapd_sleep, TP_PROTO(int nid), TP_ARGS(nid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nid ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; ), TP_printk("nid=%d", __entry->nid) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_kswapd_wake, TP_PROTO(int nid, int zid, int order), TP_ARGS(nid, zid, order), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nid ) __field( int, zid ) __field( int, order ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->zid = zid; __entry->order = order; ), TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d", __entry->nid, __entry->order) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_wakeup_kswapd, TP_PROTO(int nid, int zid, int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(nid, zid, order, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nid ) __field( int, zid ) __field( int, order ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->zid = zid; __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, order ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("order=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags) ); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_softlimit_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags) ); #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, nr_reclaimed ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nr_reclaimed = nr_reclaimed; ), TP_printk("nr_reclaimed=%lu", __entry->nr_reclaimed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_softlimit_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ TRACE_EVENT(mm_shrink_slab_start, TP_PROTO(struct shrinker *shr, struct shrink_control *sc, long nr_objects_to_shrink, unsigned long cache_items, unsigned long long delta, unsigned long total_scan, int priority), TP_ARGS(shr, sc, nr_objects_to_shrink, cache_items, delta, total_scan, priority), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct shrinker *, shr) __field(void *, shrink) __field(int, nid) __field(long, nr_objects_to_shrink) __field(gfp_t, gfp_flags) __field(unsigned long, cache_items) __field(unsigned long long, delta) __field(unsigned long, total_scan) __field(int, priority) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->shr = shr; __entry->shrink = shr->scan_objects; __entry->nid = sc->nid; __entry->nr_objects_to_shrink = nr_objects_to_shrink; __entry->gfp_flags = sc->gfp_mask; __entry->cache_items = cache_items; __entry->delta = delta; __entry->total_scan = total_scan; __entry->priority = priority; ), TP_printk("%pS %p: nid: %d objects to shrink %ld gfp_flags %s cache items %ld delta %lld total_scan %ld priority %d", __entry->shrink, __entry->shr, __entry->nid, __entry->nr_objects_to_shrink, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags), __entry->cache_items, __entry->delta, __entry->total_scan, __entry->priority) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_shrink_slab_end, TP_PROTO(struct shrinker *shr, int nid, int shrinker_retval, long unused_scan_cnt, long new_scan_cnt, long total_scan), TP_ARGS(shr, nid, shrinker_retval, unused_scan_cnt, new_scan_cnt, total_scan), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct shrinker *, shr) __field(int, nid) __field(void *, shrink) __field(long, unused_scan) __field(long, new_scan) __field(int, retval) __field(long, total_scan) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->shr = shr; __entry->nid = nid; __entry->shrink = shr->scan_objects; __entry->unused_scan = unused_scan_cnt; __entry->new_scan = new_scan_cnt; __entry->retval = shrinker_retval; __entry->total_scan = total_scan; ), TP_printk("%pS %p: nid: %d unused scan count %ld new scan count %ld total_scan %ld last shrinker return val %d", __entry->shrink, __entry->shr, __entry->nid, __entry->unused_scan, __entry->new_scan, __entry->total_scan, __entry->retval) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_lru_isolate, TP_PROTO(int highest_zoneidx, int order, unsigned long nr_requested, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_skipped, unsigned long nr_taken, isolate_mode_t isolate_mode, int lru), TP_ARGS(highest_zoneidx, order, nr_requested, nr_scanned, nr_skipped, nr_taken, isolate_mode, lru), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, highest_zoneidx) __field(int, order) __field(unsigned long, nr_requested) __field(unsigned long, nr_scanned) __field(unsigned long, nr_skipped) __field(unsigned long, nr_taken) __field(isolate_mode_t, isolate_mode) __field(int, lru) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->highest_zoneidx = highest_zoneidx; __entry->order = order; __entry->nr_requested = nr_requested; __entry->nr_scanned = nr_scanned; __entry->nr_skipped = nr_skipped; __entry->nr_taken = nr_taken; __entry->isolate_mode = isolate_mode; __entry->lru = lru; ), /* * classzone is previous name of the highest_zoneidx. * Reason not to change it is the ABI requirement of the tracepoint. */ TP_printk("isolate_mode=%d classzone=%d order=%d nr_requested=%lu nr_scanned=%lu nr_skipped=%lu nr_taken=%lu lru=%s", __entry->isolate_mode, __entry->highest_zoneidx, __entry->order, __entry->nr_requested, __entry->nr_scanned, __entry->nr_skipped, __entry->nr_taken, __print_symbolic(__entry->lru, LRU_NAMES)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_writepage, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, pfn) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags( page_is_file_lru(page)); ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu flags=%s", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_inactive, TP_PROTO(int nid, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_reclaimed, struct reclaim_stat *stat, int priority, int file), TP_ARGS(nid, nr_scanned, nr_reclaimed, stat, priority, file), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(unsigned long, nr_scanned) __field(unsigned long, nr_reclaimed) __field(unsigned long, nr_dirty) __field(unsigned long, nr_writeback) __field(unsigned long, nr_congested) __field(unsigned long, nr_immediate) __field(unsigned int, nr_activate0) __field(unsigned int, nr_activate1) __field(unsigned long, nr_ref_keep) __field(unsigned long, nr_unmap_fail) __field(int, priority) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->nr_scanned = nr_scanned; __entry->nr_reclaimed = nr_reclaimed; __entry->nr_dirty = stat->nr_dirty; __entry->nr_writeback = stat->nr_writeback; __entry->nr_congested = stat->nr_congested; __entry->nr_immediate = stat->nr_immediate; __entry->nr_activate0 = stat->nr_activate[0]; __entry->nr_activate1 = stat->nr_activate[1]; __entry->nr_ref_keep = stat->nr_ref_keep; __entry->nr_unmap_fail = stat->nr_unmap_fail; __entry->priority = priority; __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags(file); ), TP_printk("nid=%d nr_scanned=%ld nr_reclaimed=%ld nr_dirty=%ld nr_writeback=%ld nr_congested=%ld nr_immediate=%ld nr_activate_anon=%d nr_activate_file=%d nr_ref_keep=%ld nr_unmap_fail=%ld priority=%d flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->nr_scanned, __entry->nr_reclaimed, __entry->nr_dirty, __entry->nr_writeback, __entry->nr_congested, __entry->nr_immediate, __entry->nr_activate0, __entry->nr_activate1, __entry->nr_ref_keep, __entry->nr_unmap_fail, __entry->priority, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_active, TP_PROTO(int nid, unsigned long nr_taken, unsigned long nr_active, unsigned long nr_deactivated, unsigned long nr_referenced, int priority, int file), TP_ARGS(nid, nr_taken, nr_active, nr_deactivated, nr_referenced, priority, file), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(unsigned long, nr_taken) __field(unsigned long, nr_active) __field(unsigned long, nr_deactivated) __field(unsigned long, nr_referenced) __field(int, priority) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->nr_taken = nr_taken; __entry->nr_active = nr_active; __entry->nr_deactivated = nr_deactivated; __entry->nr_referenced = nr_referenced; __entry->priority = priority; __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags(file); ), TP_printk("nid=%d nr_taken=%ld nr_active=%ld nr_deactivated=%ld nr_referenced=%ld priority=%d flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->nr_taken, __entry->nr_active, __entry->nr_deactivated, __entry->nr_referenced, __entry->priority, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_inactive_list_is_low, TP_PROTO(int nid, int reclaim_idx, unsigned long total_inactive, unsigned long inactive, unsigned long total_active, unsigned long active, unsigned long ratio, int file), TP_ARGS(nid, reclaim_idx, total_inactive, inactive, total_active, active, ratio, file), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(int, reclaim_idx) __field(unsigned long, total_inactive) __field(unsigned long, inactive) __field(unsigned long, total_active) __field(unsigned long, active) __field(unsigned long, ratio) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->reclaim_idx = reclaim_idx; __entry->total_inactive = total_inactive; __entry->inactive = inactive; __entry->total_active = total_active; __entry->active = active; __entry->ratio = ratio; __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags(file) & RECLAIM_WB_LRU; ), TP_printk("nid=%d reclaim_idx=%d total_inactive=%ld inactive=%ld total_active=%ld active=%ld ratio=%ld flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->reclaim_idx, __entry->total_inactive, __entry->inactive, __entry->total_active, __entry->active, __entry->ratio, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_node_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(nid, order, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(int, order) __field(gfp_t, gfp_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_node_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); #endif /* _TRACE_VMSCAN_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM udp #if !defined(_TRACE_UDP_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_UDP_H #include <linux/udp.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(udp_fail_queue_rcv_skb, TP_PROTO(int rc, struct sock *sk), TP_ARGS(rc, sk), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, rc) __field(__u16, lport) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->rc = rc; __entry->lport = inet_sk(sk)->inet_num; ), TP_printk("rc=%d port=%hu", __entry->rc, __entry->lport) ); #endif /* _TRACE_UDP_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* Manage a process's keyrings * * Copyright (C) 2004-2005, 2008 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/user.h> #include <linux/keyctl.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/init_task.h> #include <keys/request_key_auth-type.h> #include "internal.h" /* Session keyring create vs join semaphore */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(key_session_mutex); /* The root user's tracking struct */ struct key_user root_key_user = { .usage = REFCOUNT_INIT(3), .cons_lock = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(root_key_user.cons_lock), .lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(root_key_user.lock), .nkeys = ATOMIC_INIT(2), .nikeys = ATOMIC_INIT(2), .uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, }; /* * Get or create a user register keyring. */ static struct key *get_user_register(struct user_namespace *user_ns) { struct key *reg_keyring = READ_ONCE(user_ns->user_keyring_register); if (reg_keyring) return reg_keyring; down_write(&user_ns->keyring_sem); /* Make sure there's a register keyring. It gets owned by the * user_namespace's owner. */ reg_keyring = user_ns->user_keyring_register; if (!reg_keyring) { reg_keyring = keyring_alloc(".user_reg", user_ns->owner, INVALID_GID, &init_cred, KEY_POS_WRITE | KEY_POS_SEARCH | KEY_USR_VIEW | KEY_USR_READ, 0, NULL, NULL); if (!IS_ERR(reg_keyring)) smp_store_release(&user_ns->user_keyring_register, reg_keyring); } up_write(&user_ns->keyring_sem); /* We don't return a ref since the keyring is pinned by the user_ns */ return reg_keyring; } /* * Look up the user and user session keyrings for the current process's UID, * creating them if they don't exist. */ int look_up_user_keyrings(struct key **_user_keyring, struct key **_user_session_keyring) { const struct cred *cred = current_cred(); struct user_namespace *user_ns = current_user_ns(); struct key *reg_keyring, *uid_keyring, *session_keyring; key_perm_t user_keyring_perm; key_ref_t uid_keyring_r, session_keyring_r; uid_t uid = from_kuid(user_ns, cred->user->uid); char buf[20]; int ret; user_keyring_perm = (KEY_POS_ALL & ~KEY_POS_SETATTR) | KEY_USR_ALL; kenter("%u", uid); reg_keyring = get_user_register(user_ns); if (IS_ERR(reg_keyring)) return PTR_ERR(reg_keyring); down_write(&user_ns->keyring_sem); ret = 0; /* Get the user keyring. Note that there may be one in existence * already as it may have been pinned by a session, but the user_struct * pointing to it may have been destroyed by setuid. */ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "_uid.%u", uid); uid_keyring_r = keyring_search(make_key_ref(reg_keyring, true), &key_type_keyring, buf, false); kdebug("_uid %p", uid_keyring_r); if (uid_keyring_r == ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN)) { uid_keyring = keyring_alloc(buf, cred->user->uid, INVALID_GID, cred, user_keyring_perm, KEY_ALLOC_UID_KEYRING | KEY_ALLOC_IN_QUOTA, NULL, reg_keyring); if (IS_ERR(uid_keyring)) { ret = PTR_ERR(uid_keyring); goto error; } } else if (IS_ERR(uid_keyring_r)) { ret = PTR_ERR(uid_keyring_r); goto error; } else { uid_keyring = key_ref_to_ptr(uid_keyring_r); } /* Get a default session keyring (which might also exist already) */ snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "_uid_ses.%u", uid); session_keyring_r = keyring_search(make_key_ref(reg_keyring, true), &key_type_keyring, buf, false); kdebug("_uid_ses %p", session_keyring_r); if (session_keyring_r == ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN)) { session_keyring = keyring_alloc(buf, cred->user->uid, INVALID_GID, cred, user_keyring_perm, KEY_ALLOC_UID_KEYRING | KEY_ALLOC_IN_QUOTA, NULL, NULL); if (IS_ERR(session_keyring)) { ret = PTR_ERR(session_keyring); goto error_release; } /* We install a link from the user session keyring to * the user keyring. */ ret = key_link(session_keyring, uid_keyring); if (ret < 0) goto error_release_session; /* And only then link the user-session keyring to the * register. */ ret = key_link(reg_keyring, session_keyring); if (ret < 0) goto error_release_session; } else if (IS_ERR(session_keyring_r)) { ret = PTR_ERR(session_keyring_r); goto error_release; } else { session_keyring = key_ref_to_ptr(session_keyring_r); } up_write(&user_ns->keyring_sem); if (_user_session_keyring) *_user_session_keyring = session_keyring; else key_put(session_keyring); if (_user_keyring) *_user_keyring = uid_keyring; else key_put(uid_keyring); kleave(" = 0"); return 0; error_release_session: key_put(session_keyring); error_release: key_put(uid_keyring); error: up_write(&user_ns->keyring_sem); kleave(" = %d", ret); return ret; } /* * Get the user session keyring if it exists, but don't create it if it * doesn't. */ struct key *get_user_session_keyring_rcu(const struct cred *cred) { struct key *reg_keyring = READ_ONCE(cred->user_ns->user_keyring_register); key_ref_t session_keyring_r; char buf[20]; struct keyring_search_context ctx = { .index_key.type = &key_type_keyring, .index_key.description = buf, .cred = cred, .match_data.cmp = key_default_cmp, .match_data.raw_data = buf, .match_data.lookup_type = KEYRING_SEARCH_LOOKUP_DIRECT, .flags = KEYRING_SEARCH_DO_STATE_CHECK, }; if (!reg_keyring) return NULL; ctx.index_key.desc_len = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "_uid_ses.%u", from_kuid(cred->user_ns, cred->user->uid)); session_keyring_r = keyring_search_rcu(make_key_ref(reg_keyring, true), &ctx); if (IS_ERR(session_keyring_r)) return NULL; return key_ref_to_ptr(session_keyring_r); } /* * Install a thread keyring to the given credentials struct if it didn't have * one already. This is allowed to overrun the quota. * * Return: 0 if a thread keyring is now present; -errno on failure. */ int install_thread_keyring_to_cred(struct cred *new) { struct key *keyring; if (new->thread_keyring) return 0; keyring = keyring_alloc("_tid", new->uid, new->gid, new, KEY_POS_ALL | KEY_USR_VIEW, KEY_ALLOC_QUOTA_OVERRUN, NULL, NULL); if (IS_ERR(keyring)) return PTR_ERR(keyring); new->thread_keyring = keyring; return 0; } /* * Install a thread keyring to the current task if it didn't have one already. * * Return: 0 if a thread keyring is now present; -errno on failure. */ static int install_thread_keyring(void) { struct cred *new; int ret; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; ret = install_thread_keyring_to_cred(new); if (ret < 0) { abort_creds(new); return ret; } return commit_creds(new); } /* * Install a process keyring to the given credentials struct if it didn't have * one already. This is allowed to overrun the quota. * * Return: 0 if a process keyring is now present; -errno on failure. */ int install_process_keyring_to_cred(struct cred *new) { struct key *keyring; if (new->process_keyring) return 0; keyring = keyring_alloc("_pid", new->uid, new->gid, new, KEY_POS_ALL | KEY_USR_VIEW, KEY_ALLOC_QUOTA_OVERRUN, NULL, NULL); if (IS_ERR(keyring)) return PTR_ERR(keyring); new->process_keyring = keyring; return 0; } /* * Install a process keyring to the current task if it didn't have one already. * * Return: 0 if a process keyring is now present; -errno on failure. */ static int install_process_keyring(void) { struct cred *new; int ret; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; ret = install_process_keyring_to_cred(new); if (ret < 0) { abort_creds(new); return ret; } return commit_creds(new); } /* * Install the given keyring as the session keyring of the given credentials * struct, replacing the existing one if any. If the given keyring is NULL, * then install a new anonymous session keyring. * @cred can not be in use by any task yet. * * Return: 0 on success; -errno on failure. */ int install_session_keyring_to_cred(struct cred *cred, struct key *keyring) { unsigned long flags; struct key *old; might_sleep(); /* create an empty session keyring */ if (!keyring) { flags = KEY_ALLOC_QUOTA_OVERRUN; if (cred->session_keyring) flags = KEY_ALLOC_IN_QUOTA; keyring = keyring_alloc("_ses", cred->uid, cred->gid, cred, KEY_POS_ALL | KEY_USR_VIEW | KEY_USR_READ, flags, NULL, NULL); if (IS_ERR(keyring)) return PTR_ERR(keyring); } else { __key_get(keyring); } /* install the keyring */ old = cred->session_keyring; cred->session_keyring = keyring; if (old) key_put(old); return 0; } /* * Install the given keyring as the session keyring of the current task, * replacing the existing one if any. If the given keyring is NULL, then * install a new anonymous session keyring. * * Return: 0 on success; -errno on failure. */ static int install_session_keyring(struct key *keyring) { struct cred *new; int ret; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; ret = install_session_keyring_to_cred(new, keyring); if (ret < 0) { abort_creds(new); return ret; } return commit_creds(new); } /* * Handle the fsuid changing. */ void key_fsuid_changed(struct cred *new_cred) { /* update the ownership of the thread keyring */ if (new_cred->thread_keyring) { down_write(&new_cred->thread_keyring->sem); new_cred->thread_keyring->uid = new_cred->fsuid; up_write(&new_cred->thread_keyring->sem); } } /* * Handle the fsgid changing. */ void key_fsgid_changed(struct cred *new_cred) { /* update the ownership of the thread keyring */ if (new_cred->thread_keyring) { down_write(&new_cred->thread_keyring->sem); new_cred->thread_keyring->gid = new_cred->fsgid; up_write(&new_cred->thread_keyring->sem); } } /* * Search the process keyrings attached to the supplied cred for the first * matching key under RCU conditions (the caller must be holding the RCU read * lock). * * The search criteria are the type and the match function. The description is * given to the match function as a parameter, but doesn't otherwise influence * the search. Typically the match function will compare the description * parameter to the key's description. * * This can only search keyrings that grant Search permission to the supplied * credentials. Keyrings linked to searched keyrings will also be searched if * they grant Search permission too. Keys can only be found if they grant * Search permission to the credentials. * * Returns a pointer to the key with the key usage count incremented if * successful, -EAGAIN if we didn't find any matching key or -ENOKEY if we only * matched negative keys. * * In the case of a successful return, the possession attribute is set on the * returned key reference. */ key_ref_t search_cred_keyrings_rcu(struct keyring_search_context *ctx) { struct key *user_session; key_ref_t key_ref, ret, err; const struct cred *cred = ctx->cred; /* we want to return -EAGAIN or -ENOKEY if any of the keyrings were * searchable, but we failed to find a key or we found a negative key; * otherwise we want to return a sample error (probably -EACCES) if * none of the keyrings were searchable * * in terms of priority: success > -ENOKEY > -EAGAIN > other error */ key_ref = NULL; ret = NULL; err = ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN); /* search the thread keyring first */ if (cred->thread_keyring) { key_ref = keyring_search_rcu( make_key_ref(cred->thread_keyring, 1), ctx); if (!IS_ERR(key_ref)) goto found; switch (PTR_ERR(key_ref)) { case -EAGAIN: /* no key */ case -ENOKEY: /* negative key */ ret = key_ref; break; default: err = key_ref; break; } } /* search the process keyring second */ if (cred->process_keyring) { key_ref = keyring_search_rcu( make_key_ref(cred->process_keyring, 1), ctx); if (!IS_ERR(key_ref)) goto found; switch (PTR_ERR(key_ref)) { case -EAGAIN: /* no key */ if (ret) break; fallthrough; case -ENOKEY: /* negative key */ ret = key_ref; break; default: err = key_ref; break; } } /* search the session keyring */ if (cred->session_keyring) { key_ref = keyring_search_rcu( make_key_ref(cred->session_keyring, 1), ctx); if (!IS_ERR(key_ref)) goto found; switch (PTR_ERR(key_ref)) { case -EAGAIN: /* no key */ if (ret) break; fallthrough; case -ENOKEY: /* negative key */ ret = key_ref; break; default: err = key_ref; break; } } /* or search the user-session keyring */ else if ((user_session = get_user_session_keyring_rcu(cred))) { key_ref = keyring_search_rcu(make_key_ref(user_session, 1), ctx); key_put(user_session); if (!IS_ERR(key_ref)) goto found; switch (PTR_ERR(key_ref)) { case -EAGAIN: /* no key */ if (ret) break; fallthrough; case -ENOKEY: /* negative key */ ret = key_ref; break; default: err = key_ref; break; } } /* no key - decide on the error we're going to go for */ key_ref = ret ? ret : err; found: return key_ref; } /* * Search the process keyrings attached to the supplied cred for the first * matching key in the manner of search_my_process_keyrings(), but also search * the keys attached to the assumed authorisation key using its credentials if * one is available. * * The caller must be holding the RCU read lock. * * Return same as search_cred_keyrings_rcu(). */ key_ref_t search_process_keyrings_rcu(struct keyring_search_context *ctx) { struct request_key_auth *rka; key_ref_t key_ref, ret = ERR_PTR(-EACCES), err; key_ref = search_cred_keyrings_rcu(ctx); if (!IS_ERR(key_ref)) goto found; err = key_ref; /* if this process has an instantiation authorisation key, then we also * search the keyrings of the process mentioned there * - we don't permit access to request_key auth keys via this method */ if (ctx->cred->request_key_auth && ctx->cred == current_cred() && ctx->index_key.type != &key_type_request_key_auth ) { const struct cred *cred = ctx->cred; if (key_validate(cred->request_key_auth) == 0) { rka = ctx->cred->request_key_auth->payload.data[0]; //// was search_process_keyrings() [ie. recursive] ctx->cred = rka->cred; key_ref = search_cred_keyrings_rcu(ctx); ctx->cred = cred; if (!IS_ERR(key_ref)) goto found; ret = key_ref; } } /* no key - decide on the error we're going to go for */ if (err == ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY) || ret == ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY)) key_ref = ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY); else if (err == ERR_PTR(-EACCES)) key_ref = ret; else key_ref = err; found: return key_ref; } /* * See if the key we're looking at is the target key. */ bool lookup_user_key_possessed(const struct key *key, const struct key_match_data *match_data) { return key == match_data->raw_data; } /* * Look up a key ID given us by userspace with a given permissions mask to get * the key it refers to. * * Flags can be passed to request that special keyrings be created if referred * to directly, to permit partially constructed keys to be found and to skip * validity and permission checks on the found key. * * Returns a pointer to the key with an incremented usage count if successful; * -EINVAL if the key ID is invalid; -ENOKEY if the key ID does not correspond * to a key or the best found key was a negative key; -EKEYREVOKED or * -EKEYEXPIRED if the best found key was revoked or expired; -EACCES if the * found key doesn't grant the requested permit or the LSM denied access to it; * or -ENOMEM if a special keyring couldn't be created. * * In the case of a successful return, the possession attribute is set on the * returned key reference. */ key_ref_t lookup_user_key(key_serial_t id, unsigned long lflags, enum key_need_perm need_perm) { struct keyring_search_context ctx = { .match_data.cmp = lookup_user_key_possessed, .match_data.lookup_type = KEYRING_SEARCH_LOOKUP_DIRECT, .flags = (KEYRING_SEARCH_NO_STATE_CHECK | KEYRING_SEARCH_RECURSE), }; struct request_key_auth *rka; struct key *key, *user_session; key_ref_t key_ref, skey_ref; int ret; try_again: ctx.cred = get_current_cred(); key_ref = ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY); switch (id) { case KEY_SPEC_THREAD_KEYRING: if (!ctx.cred->thread_keyring) { if (!(lflags & KEY_LOOKUP_CREATE)) goto error; ret = install_thread_keyring(); if (ret < 0) { key_ref = ERR_PTR(ret); goto error; } goto reget_creds; } key = ctx.cred->thread_keyring; __key_get(key); key_ref = make_key_ref(key, 1); break; case KEY_SPEC_PROCESS_KEYRING: if (!ctx.cred->process_keyring) { if (!(lflags & KEY_LOOKUP_CREATE)) goto error; ret = install_process_keyring(); if (ret < 0) { key_ref = ERR_PTR(ret); goto error; } goto reget_creds; } key = ctx.cred->process_keyring; __key_get(key); key_ref = make_key_ref(key, 1); break; case KEY_SPEC_SESSION_KEYRING: if (!ctx.cred->session_keyring) { /* always install a session keyring upon access if one * doesn't exist yet */ ret = look_up_user_keyrings(NULL, &user_session); if (ret < 0) goto error; if (lflags & KEY_LOOKUP_CREATE) ret = join_session_keyring(NULL); else ret = install_session_keyring(user_session); key_put(user_session); if (ret < 0) goto error; goto reget_creds; } else if (test_bit(KEY_FLAG_UID_KEYRING, &ctx.cred->session_keyring->flags) && lflags & KEY_LOOKUP_CREATE) { ret = join_session_keyring(NULL); if (ret < 0) goto error; goto reget_creds; } key = ctx.cred->session_keyring; __key_get(key); key_ref = make_key_ref(key, 1); break; case KEY_SPEC_USER_KEYRING: ret = look_up_user_keyrings(&key, NULL); if (ret < 0) goto error; key_ref = make_key_ref(key, 1); break; case KEY_SPEC_USER_SESSION_KEYRING: ret = look_up_user_keyrings(NULL, &key); if (ret < 0) goto error; key_ref = make_key_ref(key, 1); break; case KEY_SPEC_GROUP_KEYRING: /* group keyrings are not yet supported */ key_ref = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); goto error; case KEY_SPEC_REQKEY_AUTH_KEY: key = ctx.cred->request_key_auth; if (!key) goto error; __key_get(key); key_ref = make_key_ref(key, 1); break; case KEY_SPEC_REQUESTOR_KEYRING: if (!ctx.cred->request_key_auth) goto error; down_read(&ctx.cred->request_key_auth->sem); if (test_bit(KEY_FLAG_REVOKED, &ctx.cred->request_key_auth->flags)) { key_ref = ERR_PTR(-EKEYREVOKED); key = NULL; } else { rka = ctx.cred->request_key_auth->payload.data[0]; key = rka->dest_keyring; __key_get(key); } up_read(&ctx.cred->request_key_auth->sem); if (!key) goto error; key_ref = make_key_ref(key, 1); break; default: key_ref = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (id < 1) goto error; key = key_lookup(id); if (IS_ERR(key)) { key_ref = ERR_CAST(key); goto error; } key_ref = make_key_ref(key, 0); /* check to see if we possess the key */ ctx.index_key = key->index_key; ctx.match_data.raw_data = key; kdebug("check possessed"); rcu_read_lock(); skey_ref = search_process_keyrings_rcu(&ctx); rcu_read_unlock(); kdebug("possessed=%p", skey_ref); if (!IS_ERR(skey_ref)) { key_put(key); key_ref = skey_ref; } break; } /* unlink does not use the nominated key in any way, so can skip all * the permission checks as it is only concerned with the keyring */ if (need_perm != KEY_NEED_UNLINK) { if (!(lflags & KEY_LOOKUP_PARTIAL)) { ret = wait_for_key_construction(key, true); switch (ret) { case -ERESTARTSYS: goto invalid_key; default: if (need_perm != KEY_AUTHTOKEN_OVERRIDE && need_perm != KEY_DEFER_PERM_CHECK) goto invalid_key; case 0: break; } } else if (need_perm != KEY_DEFER_PERM_CHECK) { ret = key_validate(key); if (ret < 0) goto invalid_key; } ret = -EIO; if (!(lflags & KEY_LOOKUP_PARTIAL) && key_read_state(key) == KEY_IS_UNINSTANTIATED) goto invalid_key; } /* check the permissions */ ret = key_task_permission(key_ref, ctx.cred, need_perm); if (ret < 0) goto invalid_key; key->last_used_at = ktime_get_real_seconds(); error: put_cred(ctx.cred); return key_ref; invalid_key: key_ref_put(key_ref); key_ref = ERR_PTR(ret); goto error; /* if we attempted to install a keyring, then it may have caused new * creds to be installed */ reget_creds: put_cred(ctx.cred); goto try_again; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(lookup_user_key); /* * Join the named keyring as the session keyring if possible else attempt to * create a new one of that name and join that. * * If the name is NULL, an empty anonymous keyring will be installed as the * session keyring. * * Named session keyrings are joined with a semaphore held to prevent the * keyrings from going away whilst the attempt is made to going them and also * to prevent a race in creating compatible session keyrings. */ long join_session_keyring(const char *name) { const struct cred *old; struct cred *new; struct key *keyring; long ret, serial; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; old = current_cred(); /* if no name is provided, install an anonymous keyring */ if (!name) { ret = install_session_keyring_to_cred(new, NULL); if (ret < 0) goto error; serial = new->session_keyring->serial; ret = commit_creds(new); if (ret == 0) ret = serial; goto okay; } /* allow the user to join or create a named keyring */ mutex_lock(&key_session_mutex); /* look for an existing keyring of this name */ keyring = find_keyring_by_name(name, false); if (PTR_ERR(keyring) == -ENOKEY) { /* not found - try and create a new one */ keyring = keyring_alloc( name, old->uid, old->gid, old, KEY_POS_ALL | KEY_USR_VIEW | KEY_USR_READ | KEY_USR_LINK, KEY_ALLOC_IN_QUOTA, NULL, NULL); if (IS_ERR(keyring)) { ret = PTR_ERR(keyring); goto error2; } } else if (IS_ERR(keyring)) { ret = PTR_ERR(keyring); goto error2; } else if (keyring == new->session_keyring) { ret = 0; goto error3; } /* we've got a keyring - now to install it */ ret = install_session_keyring_to_cred(new, keyring); if (ret < 0) goto error3; commit_creds(new); mutex_unlock(&key_session_mutex); ret = keyring->serial; key_put(keyring); okay: return ret; error3: key_put(keyring); error2: mutex_unlock(&key_session_mutex); error: abort_creds(new); return ret; } /* * Replace a process's session keyring on behalf of one of its children when * the target process is about to resume userspace execution. */ void key_change_session_keyring(struct callback_head *twork) { const struct cred *old = current_cred(); struct cred *new = container_of(twork, struct cred, rcu); if (unlikely(current->flags & PF_EXITING)) { put_cred(new); return; } new-> uid = old-> uid; new-> euid = old-> euid; new-> suid = old-> suid; new->fsuid = old->fsuid; new-> gid = old-> gid; new-> egid = old-> egid; new-> sgid = old-> sgid; new->fsgid = old->fsgid; new->user = get_uid(old->user); new->user_ns = get_user_ns(old->user_ns); new->group_info = get_group_info(old->group_info); new->securebits = old->securebits; new->cap_inheritable = old->cap_inheritable; new->cap_permitted = old->cap_permitted; new->cap_effective = old->cap_effective; new->cap_ambient = old->cap_ambient; new->cap_bset = old->cap_bset; new->jit_keyring = old->jit_keyring; new->thread_keyring = key_get(old->thread_keyring); new->process_keyring = key_get(old->process_keyring); security_transfer_creds(new, old); commit_creds(new); } /* * Make sure that root's user and user-session keyrings exist. */ static int __init init_root_keyring(void) { return look_up_user_keyrings(NULL, NULL); } late_initcall(init_root_keyring);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_COMPACTION_H #define _LINUX_COMPACTION_H /* * Determines how hard direct compaction should try to succeed. * Lower value means higher priority, analogically to reclaim priority. */ enum compact_priority { COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_FULL, MIN_COMPACT_PRIORITY = COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_FULL, COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_LIGHT, MIN_COMPACT_COSTLY_PRIORITY = COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_LIGHT, DEF_COMPACT_PRIORITY = COMPACT_PRIO_SYNC_LIGHT, COMPACT_PRIO_ASYNC, INIT_COMPACT_PRIORITY = COMPACT_PRIO_ASYNC }; /* Return values for compact_zone() and try_to_compact_pages() */ /* When adding new states, please adjust include/trace/events/compaction.h */ enum compact_result { /* For more detailed tracepoint output - internal to compaction */ COMPACT_NOT_SUITABLE_ZONE, /* * compaction didn't start as it was not possible or direct reclaim * was more suitable */ COMPACT_SKIPPED, /* compaction didn't start as it was deferred due to past failures */ COMPACT_DEFERRED, /* For more detailed tracepoint output - internal to compaction */ COMPACT_NO_SUITABLE_PAGE, /* compaction should continue to another pageblock */ COMPACT_CONTINUE, /* * The full zone was compacted scanned but wasn't successfull to compact * suitable pages. */ COMPACT_COMPLETE, /* * direct compaction has scanned part of the zone but wasn't successfull * to compact suitable pages. */ COMPACT_PARTIAL_SKIPPED, /* compaction terminated prematurely due to lock contentions */ COMPACT_CONTENDED, /* * direct compaction terminated after concluding that the allocation * should now succeed */ COMPACT_SUCCESS, }; struct alloc_context; /* in mm/internal.h */ /* * Number of free order-0 pages that should be available above given watermark * to make sure compaction has reasonable chance of not running out of free * pages that it needs to isolate as migration target during its work. */ static inline unsigned long compact_gap(unsigned int order) { /* * Although all the isolations for migration are temporary, compaction * free scanner may have up to 1 << order pages on its list and then * try to split an (order - 1) free page. At that point, a gap of * 1 << order might not be enough, so it's safer to require twice that * amount. Note that the number of pages on the list is also * effectively limited by COMPACT_CLUSTER_MAX, as that's the maximum * that the migrate scanner can have isolated on migrate list, and free * scanner is only invoked when the number of isolated free pages is * lower than that. But it's not worth to complicate the formula here * as a bigger gap for higher orders than strictly necessary can also * improve chances of compaction success. */ return 2UL << order; } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION extern int sysctl_compact_memory; extern unsigned int sysctl_compaction_proactiveness; extern int sysctl_compaction_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos); extern int sysctl_extfrag_threshold; extern int sysctl_compact_unevictable_allowed; extern unsigned int extfrag_for_order(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order); extern int fragmentation_index(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order); extern enum compact_result try_to_compact_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, unsigned int alloc_flags, const struct alloc_context *ac, enum compact_priority prio, struct page **page); extern void reset_isolation_suitable(pg_data_t *pgdat); extern enum compact_result compaction_suitable(struct zone *zone, int order, unsigned int alloc_flags, int highest_zoneidx); extern void defer_compaction(struct zone *zone, int order); extern bool compaction_deferred(struct zone *zone, int order); extern void compaction_defer_reset(struct zone *zone, int order, bool alloc_success); extern bool compaction_restarting(struct zone *zone, int order); /* Compaction has made some progress and retrying makes sense */ static inline bool compaction_made_progress(enum compact_result result) { /* * Even though this might sound confusing this in fact tells us * that the compaction successfully isolated and migrated some * pageblocks. */ if (result == COMPACT_SUCCESS) return true; return false; } /* Compaction has failed and it doesn't make much sense to keep retrying. */ static inline bool compaction_failed(enum compact_result result) { /* All zones were scanned completely and still not result. */ if (result == COMPACT_COMPLETE) return true; return false; } /* Compaction needs reclaim to be performed first, so it can continue. */ static inline bool compaction_needs_reclaim(enum compact_result result) { /* * Compaction backed off due to watermark checks for order-0 * so the regular reclaim has to try harder and reclaim something. */ if (result == COMPACT_SKIPPED) return true; return false; } /* * Compaction has backed off for some reason after doing some work or none * at all. It might be throttling or lock contention. Retrying might be still * worthwhile, but with a higher priority if allowed. */ static inline bool compaction_withdrawn(enum compact_result result) { /* * If compaction is deferred for high-order allocations, it is * because sync compaction recently failed. If this is the case * and the caller requested a THP allocation, we do not want * to heavily disrupt the system, so we fail the allocation * instead of entering direct reclaim. */ if (result == COMPACT_DEFERRED) return true; /* * If compaction in async mode encounters contention or blocks higher * priority task we back off early rather than cause stalls. */ if (result == COMPACT_CONTENDED) return true; /* * Page scanners have met but we haven't scanned full zones so this * is a back off in fact. */ if (result == COMPACT_PARTIAL_SKIPPED) return true; return false; } bool compaction_zonelist_suitable(struct alloc_context *ac, int order, int alloc_flags); extern int kcompactd_run(int nid); extern void kcompactd_stop(int nid); extern void wakeup_kcompactd(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int highest_zoneidx); #else static inline void reset_isolation_suitable(pg_data_t *pgdat) { } static inline enum compact_result compaction_suitable(struct zone *zone, int order, int alloc_flags, int highest_zoneidx) { return COMPACT_SKIPPED; } static inline void defer_compaction(struct zone *zone, int order) { } static inline bool compaction_deferred(struct zone *zone, int order) { return true; } static inline bool compaction_made_progress(enum compact_result result) { return false; } static inline bool compaction_failed(enum compact_result result) { return false; } static inline bool compaction_needs_reclaim(enum compact_result result) { return false; } static inline bool compaction_withdrawn(enum compact_result result) { return true; } static inline int kcompactd_run(int nid) { return 0; } static inline void kcompactd_stop(int nid) { } static inline void wakeup_kcompactd(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int highest_zoneidx) { } #endif /* CONFIG_COMPACTION */ struct node; #if defined(CONFIG_COMPACTION) && defined(CONFIG_SYSFS) && defined(CONFIG_NUMA) extern int compaction_register_node(struct node *node); extern void compaction_unregister_node(struct node *node); #else static inline int compaction_register_node(struct node *node) { return 0; } static inline void compaction_unregister_node(struct node *node) { } #endif /* CONFIG_COMPACTION && CONFIG_SYSFS && CONFIG_NUMA */ #endif /* _LINUX_COMPACTION_H */
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1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 1659 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715 1716 1717 1718 1719 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 1729 1730 1731 1732 1733 1734 1735 1736 1737 1738 1739 1740 1741 1742 1743 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 1749 1750 1751 1752 1753 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764 1765 1766 1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * linux/include/linux/jbd2.h * * Written by Stephen C. Tweedie <sct@redhat.com> * * Copyright 1998-2000 Red Hat, Inc --- All Rights Reserved * * Definitions for transaction data structures for the buffer cache * filesystem journaling support. */ #ifndef _LINUX_JBD2_H #define _LINUX_JBD2_H /* Allow this file to be included directly into e2fsprogs */ #ifndef __KERNEL__ #include "jfs_compat.h" #define JBD2_DEBUG #else #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/journal-head.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <crypto/hash.h> #endif #define journal_oom_retry 1 /* * Define JBD2_PARANIOD_IOFAIL to cause a kernel BUG() if ext4 finds * certain classes of error which can occur due to failed IOs. Under * normal use we want ext4 to continue after such errors, because * hardware _can_ fail, but for debugging purposes when running tests on * known-good hardware we may want to trap these errors. */ #undef JBD2_PARANOID_IOFAIL /* * The default maximum commit age, in seconds. */ #define JBD2_DEFAULT_MAX_COMMIT_AGE 5 #ifdef CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG /* * Define JBD2_EXPENSIVE_CHECKING to enable more expensive internal * consistency checks. By default we don't do this unless * CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG is on. */ #define JBD2_EXPENSIVE_CHECKING extern ushort jbd2_journal_enable_debug; void __jbd2_debug(int level, const char *file, const char *func, unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...); #define jbd_debug(n, fmt, a...) \ __jbd2_debug((n), __FILE__, __func__, __LINE__, (fmt), ##a) #else #define jbd_debug(n, fmt, a...) /**/ #endif extern void *jbd2_alloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags); extern void jbd2_free(void *ptr, size_t size); #define JBD2_MIN_JOURNAL_BLOCKS 1024 #define JBD2_MIN_FC_BLOCKS 256 #ifdef __KERNEL__ /** * typedef handle_t - The handle_t type represents a single atomic update being performed by some process. * * All filesystem modifications made by the process go * through this handle. Recursive operations (such as quota operations) * are gathered into a single update. * * The buffer credits field is used to account for journaled buffers * being modified by the running process. To ensure that there is * enough log space for all outstanding operations, we need to limit the * number of outstanding buffers possible at any time. When the * operation completes, any buffer credits not used are credited back to * the transaction, so that at all times we know how many buffers the * outstanding updates on a transaction might possibly touch. * * This is an opaque datatype. **/ typedef struct jbd2_journal_handle handle_t; /* Atomic operation type */ /** * typedef journal_t - The journal_t maintains all of the journaling state information for a single filesystem. * * journal_t is linked to from the fs superblock structure. * * We use the journal_t to keep track of all outstanding transaction * activity on the filesystem, and to manage the state of the log * writing process. * * This is an opaque datatype. **/ typedef struct journal_s journal_t; /* Journal control structure */ #endif /* * Internal structures used by the logging mechanism: */ #define JBD2_MAGIC_NUMBER 0xc03b3998U /* The first 4 bytes of /dev/random! */ /* * On-disk structures */ /* * Descriptor block types: */ #define JBD2_DESCRIPTOR_BLOCK 1 #define JBD2_COMMIT_BLOCK 2 #define JBD2_SUPERBLOCK_V1 3 #define JBD2_SUPERBLOCK_V2 4 #define JBD2_REVOKE_BLOCK 5 /* * Standard header for all descriptor blocks: */ typedef struct journal_header_s { __be32 h_magic; __be32 h_blocktype; __be32 h_sequence; } journal_header_t; /* * Checksum types. */ #define JBD2_CRC32_CHKSUM 1 #define JBD2_MD5_CHKSUM 2 #define JBD2_SHA1_CHKSUM 3 #define JBD2_CRC32C_CHKSUM 4 #define JBD2_CRC32_CHKSUM_SIZE 4 #define JBD2_CHECKSUM_BYTES (32 / sizeof(u32)) /* * Commit block header for storing transactional checksums: * * NOTE: If FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM (checksum v1) is set, the h_chksum* * fields are used to store a checksum of the descriptor and data blocks. * * If FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 (checksum v2) is set, then the h_chksum * field is used to store crc32c(uuid+commit_block). Each journal metadata * block gets its own checksum, and data block checksums are stored in * journal_block_tag (in the descriptor). The other h_chksum* fields are * not used. * * If FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 is set, the descriptor block uses * journal_block_tag3_t to store a full 32-bit checksum. Everything else * is the same as v2. * * Checksum v1, v2, and v3 are mutually exclusive features. */ struct commit_header { __be32 h_magic; __be32 h_blocktype; __be32 h_sequence; unsigned char h_chksum_type; unsigned char h_chksum_size; unsigned char h_padding[2]; __be32 h_chksum[JBD2_CHECKSUM_BYTES]; __be64 h_commit_sec; __be32 h_commit_nsec; }; /* * The block tag: used to describe a single buffer in the journal. * t_blocknr_high is only used if INCOMPAT_64BIT is set, so this * raw struct shouldn't be used for pointer math or sizeof() - use * journal_tag_bytes(journal) instead to compute this. */ typedef struct journal_block_tag3_s { __be32 t_blocknr; /* The on-disk block number */ __be32 t_flags; /* See below */ __be32 t_blocknr_high; /* most-significant high 32bits. */ __be32 t_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+seq+block) */ } journal_block_tag3_t; typedef struct journal_block_tag_s { __be32 t_blocknr; /* The on-disk block number */ __be16 t_checksum; /* truncated crc32c(uuid+seq+block) */ __be16 t_flags; /* See below */ __be32 t_blocknr_high; /* most-significant high 32bits. */ } journal_block_tag_t; /* Tail of descriptor or revoke block, for checksumming */ struct jbd2_journal_block_tail { __be32 t_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+descr_block) */ }; /* * The revoke descriptor: used on disk to describe a series of blocks to * be revoked from the log */ typedef struct jbd2_journal_revoke_header_s { journal_header_t r_header; __be32 r_count; /* Count of bytes used in the block */ } jbd2_journal_revoke_header_t; /* Definitions for the journal tag flags word: */ #define JBD2_FLAG_ESCAPE 1 /* on-disk block is escaped */ #define JBD2_FLAG_SAME_UUID 2 /* block has same uuid as previous */ #define JBD2_FLAG_DELETED 4 /* block deleted by this transaction */ #define JBD2_FLAG_LAST_TAG 8 /* last tag in this descriptor block */ /* * The journal superblock. All fields are in big-endian byte order. */ typedef struct journal_superblock_s { /* 0x0000 */ journal_header_t s_header; /* 0x000C */ /* Static information describing the journal */ __be32 s_blocksize; /* journal device blocksize */ __be32 s_maxlen; /* total blocks in journal file */ __be32 s_first; /* first block of log information */ /* 0x0018 */ /* Dynamic information describing the current state of the log */ __be32 s_sequence; /* first commit ID expected in log */ __be32 s_start; /* blocknr of start of log */ /* 0x0020 */ /* Error value, as set by jbd2_journal_abort(). */ __be32 s_errno; /* 0x0024 */ /* Remaining fields are only valid in a version-2 superblock */ __be32 s_feature_compat; /* compatible feature set */ __be32 s_feature_incompat; /* incompatible feature set */ __be32 s_feature_ro_compat; /* readonly-compatible feature set */ /* 0x0030 */ __u8 s_uuid[16]; /* 128-bit uuid for journal */ /* 0x0040 */ __be32 s_nr_users; /* Nr of filesystems sharing log */ __be32 s_dynsuper; /* Blocknr of dynamic superblock copy*/ /* 0x0048 */ __be32 s_max_transaction; /* Limit of journal blocks per trans.*/ __be32 s_max_trans_data; /* Limit of data blocks per trans. */ /* 0x0050 */ __u8 s_checksum_type; /* checksum type */ __u8 s_padding2[3]; /* 0x0054 */ __be32 s_num_fc_blks; /* Number of fast commit blocks */ /* 0x0058 */ __u32 s_padding[41]; __be32 s_checksum; /* crc32c(superblock) */ /* 0x0100 */ __u8 s_users[16*48]; /* ids of all fs'es sharing the log */ /* 0x0400 */ } journal_superblock_t; /* Use the jbd2_{has,set,clear}_feature_* helpers; these will be removed */ #define JBD2_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(j,mask) \ ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat & cpu_to_be32((mask)))) #define JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM 0x00000001 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE 0x00000001 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT 0x00000002 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT 0x00000004 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 0x00000008 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 0x00000010 #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FAST_COMMIT 0x00000020 /* See "journal feature predicate functions" below */ /* Features known to this kernel version: */ #define JBD2_KNOWN_COMPAT_FEATURES JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_CHECKSUM #define JBD2_KNOWN_ROCOMPAT_FEATURES 0 #define JBD2_KNOWN_INCOMPAT_FEATURES (JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ASYNC_COMMIT | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V2 | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_V3 | \ JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FAST_COMMIT) #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/sched.h> enum jbd_state_bits { BH_JBD /* Has an attached ext3 journal_head */ = BH_PrivateStart, BH_JWrite, /* Being written to log (@@@ DEBUGGING) */ BH_Freed, /* Has been freed (truncated) */ BH_Revoked, /* Has been revoked from the log */ BH_RevokeValid, /* Revoked flag is valid */ BH_JBDDirty, /* Is dirty but journaled */ BH_JournalHead, /* Pins bh->b_private and jh->b_bh */ BH_Shadow, /* IO on shadow buffer is running */ BH_Verified, /* Metadata block has been verified ok */ BH_JBDPrivateStart, /* First bit available for private use by FS */ }; BUFFER_FNS(JBD, jbd) BUFFER_FNS(JWrite, jwrite) BUFFER_FNS(JBDDirty, jbddirty) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(JBDDirty, jbddirty) BUFFER_FNS(Revoked, revoked) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(Revoked, revoked) BUFFER_FNS(RevokeValid, revokevalid) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(RevokeValid, revokevalid) BUFFER_FNS(Freed, freed) BUFFER_FNS(Shadow, shadow) BUFFER_FNS(Verified, verified) static inline struct buffer_head *jh2bh(struct journal_head *jh) { return jh->b_bh; } static inline struct journal_head *bh2jh(struct buffer_head *bh) { return bh->b_private; } static inline void jbd_lock_bh_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh) { bit_spin_lock(BH_JournalHead, &bh->b_state); } static inline void jbd_unlock_bh_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh) { bit_spin_unlock(BH_JournalHead, &bh->b_state); } #define J_ASSERT(assert) BUG_ON(!(assert)) #define J_ASSERT_BH(bh, expr) J_ASSERT(expr) #define J_ASSERT_JH(jh, expr) J_ASSERT(expr) #if defined(JBD2_PARANOID_IOFAIL) #define J_EXPECT(expr, why...) J_ASSERT(expr) #define J_EXPECT_BH(bh, expr, why...) J_ASSERT_BH(bh, expr) #define J_EXPECT_JH(jh, expr, why...) J_ASSERT_JH(jh, expr) #else #define __journal_expect(expr, why...) \ ({ \ int val = (expr); \ if (!val) { \ printk(KERN_ERR \ "JBD2 unexpected failure: %s: %s;\n", \ __func__, #expr); \ printk(KERN_ERR why "\n"); \ } \ val; \ }) #define J_EXPECT(expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #define J_EXPECT_BH(bh, expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #define J_EXPECT_JH(jh, expr, why...) __journal_expect(expr, ## why) #endif /* Flags in jbd_inode->i_flags */ #define __JI_COMMIT_RUNNING 0 #define __JI_WRITE_DATA 1 #define __JI_WAIT_DATA 2 /* * Commit of the inode data in progress. We use this flag to protect us from * concurrent deletion of inode. We cannot use reference to inode for this * since we cannot afford doing last iput() on behalf of kjournald */ #define JI_COMMIT_RUNNING (1 << __JI_COMMIT_RUNNING) /* Write allocated dirty buffers in this inode before commit */ #define JI_WRITE_DATA (1 << __JI_WRITE_DATA) /* Wait for outstanding data writes for this inode before commit */ #define JI_WAIT_DATA (1 << __JI_WAIT_DATA) /** * struct jbd2_inode - The jbd_inode type is the structure linking inodes in * ordered mode present in a transaction so that we can sync them during commit. */ struct jbd2_inode { /** * @i_transaction: * * Which transaction does this inode belong to? Either the running * transaction or the committing one. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *i_transaction; /** * @i_next_transaction: * * Pointer to the running transaction modifying inode's data in case * there is already a committing transaction touching it. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *i_next_transaction; /** * @i_list: List of inodes in the i_transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct list_head i_list; /** * @i_vfs_inode: * * VFS inode this inode belongs to [constant for lifetime of structure] */ struct inode *i_vfs_inode; /** * @i_flags: Flags of inode [j_list_lock] */ unsigned long i_flags; /** * @i_dirty_start: * * Offset in bytes where the dirty range for this inode starts. * [j_list_lock] */ loff_t i_dirty_start; /** * @i_dirty_end: * * Inclusive offset in bytes where the dirty range for this inode * ends. [j_list_lock] */ loff_t i_dirty_end; }; struct jbd2_revoke_table_s; /** * struct jbd2_journal_handle - The jbd2_journal_handle type is the concrete * type associated with handle_t. * @h_transaction: Which compound transaction is this update a part of? * @h_journal: Which journal handle belongs to - used iff h_reserved set. * @h_rsv_handle: Handle reserved for finishing the logical operation. * @h_total_credits: Number of remaining buffers we are allowed to add to * journal. These are dirty buffers and revoke descriptor blocks. * @h_revoke_credits: Number of remaining revoke records available for handle * @h_ref: Reference count on this handle. * @h_err: Field for caller's use to track errors through large fs operations. * @h_sync: Flag for sync-on-close. * @h_jdata: Flag to force data journaling. * @h_reserved: Flag for handle for reserved credits. * @h_aborted: Flag indicating fatal error on handle. * @h_type: For handle statistics. * @h_line_no: For handle statistics. * @h_start_jiffies: Handle Start time. * @h_requested_credits: Holds @h_total_credits after handle is started. * @h_revoke_credits_requested: Holds @h_revoke_credits after handle is started. * @saved_alloc_context: Saved context while transaction is open. **/ /* Docbook can't yet cope with the bit fields, but will leave the documentation * in so it can be fixed later. */ struct jbd2_journal_handle { union { transaction_t *h_transaction; /* Which journal handle belongs to - used iff h_reserved set */ journal_t *h_journal; }; handle_t *h_rsv_handle; int h_total_credits; int h_revoke_credits; int h_revoke_credits_requested; int h_ref; int h_err; /* Flags [no locking] */ unsigned int h_sync: 1; unsigned int h_jdata: 1; unsigned int h_reserved: 1; unsigned int h_aborted: 1; unsigned int h_type: 8; unsigned int h_line_no: 16; unsigned long h_start_jiffies; unsigned int h_requested_credits; unsigned int saved_alloc_context; }; /* * Some stats for checkpoint phase */ struct transaction_chp_stats_s { unsigned long cs_chp_time; __u32 cs_forced_to_close; __u32 cs_written; __u32 cs_dropped; }; /* The transaction_t type is the guts of the journaling mechanism. It * tracks a compound transaction through its various states: * * RUNNING: accepting new updates * LOCKED: Updates still running but we don't accept new ones * RUNDOWN: Updates are tidying up but have finished requesting * new buffers to modify (state not used for now) * FLUSH: All updates complete, but we are still writing to disk * COMMIT: All data on disk, writing commit record * FINISHED: We still have to keep the transaction for checkpointing. * * The transaction keeps track of all of the buffers modified by a * running transaction, and all of the buffers committed but not yet * flushed to home for finished transactions. */ /* * Lock ranking: * * j_list_lock * ->jbd_lock_bh_journal_head() (This is "innermost") * * j_state_lock * ->b_state_lock * * b_state_lock * ->j_list_lock * * j_state_lock * ->t_handle_lock * * j_state_lock * ->j_list_lock (journal_unmap_buffer) * */ struct transaction_s { /* Pointer to the journal for this transaction. [no locking] */ journal_t *t_journal; /* Sequence number for this transaction [no locking] */ tid_t t_tid; /* * Transaction's current state * [no locking - only kjournald2 alters this] * [j_list_lock] guards transition of a transaction into T_FINISHED * state and subsequent call of __jbd2_journal_drop_transaction() * FIXME: needs barriers * KLUDGE: [use j_state_lock] */ enum { T_RUNNING, T_LOCKED, T_SWITCH, T_FLUSH, T_COMMIT, T_COMMIT_DFLUSH, T_COMMIT_JFLUSH, T_COMMIT_CALLBACK, T_FINISHED } t_state; /* * Where in the log does this transaction's commit start? [no locking] */ unsigned long t_log_start; /* Number of buffers on the t_buffers list [j_list_lock] */ int t_nr_buffers; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers reserved but not yet * modified by this transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_reserved_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all metadata buffers owned by this * transaction [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_buffers; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all forget buffers (superseded * buffers which we can un-checkpoint once this transaction commits) * [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_forget; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers still to be flushed before * this transaction can be checkpointed. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_checkpoint_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of all buffers submitted for IO while * checkpointing. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_checkpoint_io_list; /* * Doubly-linked circular list of metadata buffers being shadowed by log * IO. The IO buffers on the iobuf list and the shadow buffers on this * list match each other one for one at all times. [j_list_lock] */ struct journal_head *t_shadow_list; /* * List of inodes associated with the transaction; e.g., ext4 uses * this to track inodes in data=ordered and data=journal mode that * need special handling on transaction commit; also used by ocfs2. * [j_list_lock] */ struct list_head t_inode_list; /* * Protects info related to handles */ spinlock_t t_handle_lock; /* * Longest time some handle had to wait for running transaction */ unsigned long t_max_wait; /* * When transaction started */ unsigned long t_start; /* * When commit was requested */ unsigned long t_requested; /* * Checkpointing stats [j_checkpoint_sem] */ struct transaction_chp_stats_s t_chp_stats; /* * Number of outstanding updates running on this transaction * [none] */ atomic_t t_updates; /* * Number of blocks reserved for this transaction in the journal. * This is including all credits reserved when starting transaction * handles as well as all journal descriptor blocks needed for this * transaction. [none] */ atomic_t t_outstanding_credits; /* * Number of revoke records for this transaction added by already * stopped handles. [none] */ atomic_t t_outstanding_revokes; /* * How many handles used this transaction? [none] */ atomic_t t_handle_count; /* * Forward and backward links for the circular list of all transactions * awaiting checkpoint. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *t_cpnext, *t_cpprev; /* * When will the transaction expire (become due for commit), in jiffies? * [no locking] */ unsigned long t_expires; /* * When this transaction started, in nanoseconds [no locking] */ ktime_t t_start_time; /* * This transaction is being forced and some process is * waiting for it to finish. */ unsigned int t_synchronous_commit:1; /* Disk flush needs to be sent to fs partition [no locking] */ int t_need_data_flush; /* * For use by the filesystem to store fs-specific data * structures associated with the transaction */ struct list_head t_private_list; }; struct transaction_run_stats_s { unsigned long rs_wait; unsigned long rs_request_delay; unsigned long rs_running; unsigned long rs_locked; unsigned long rs_flushing; unsigned long rs_logging; __u32 rs_handle_count; __u32 rs_blocks; __u32 rs_blocks_logged; }; struct transaction_stats_s { unsigned long ts_tid; unsigned long ts_requested; struct transaction_run_stats_s run; }; static inline unsigned long jbd2_time_diff(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { if (end >= start) return end - start; return end + (MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET - start); } #define JBD2_NR_BATCH 64 enum passtype {PASS_SCAN, PASS_REVOKE, PASS_REPLAY}; #define JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP 0 #define JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE 1 /** * struct journal_s - The journal_s type is the concrete type associated with * journal_t. */ struct journal_s { /** * @j_flags: General journaling state flags [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_flags; /** * @j_errno: * * Is there an outstanding uncleared error on the journal (from a prior * abort)? [j_state_lock] */ int j_errno; /** * @j_abort_mutex: Lock the whole aborting procedure. */ struct mutex j_abort_mutex; /** * @j_sb_buffer: The first part of the superblock buffer. */ struct buffer_head *j_sb_buffer; /** * @j_superblock: The second part of the superblock buffer. */ journal_superblock_t *j_superblock; /** * @j_format_version: Version of the superblock format. */ int j_format_version; /** * @j_state_lock: Protect the various scalars in the journal. */ rwlock_t j_state_lock; /** * @j_barrier_count: * * Number of processes waiting to create a barrier lock [j_state_lock] */ int j_barrier_count; /** * @j_barrier: The barrier lock itself. */ struct mutex j_barrier; /** * @j_running_transaction: * * Transactions: The current running transaction... * [j_state_lock] [caller holding open handle] */ transaction_t *j_running_transaction; /** * @j_committing_transaction: * * the transaction we are pushing to disk * [j_state_lock] [caller holding open handle] */ transaction_t *j_committing_transaction; /** * @j_checkpoint_transactions: * * ... and a linked circular list of all transactions waiting for * checkpointing. [j_list_lock] */ transaction_t *j_checkpoint_transactions; /** * @j_wait_transaction_locked: * * Wait queue for waiting for a locked transaction to start committing, * or for a barrier lock to be released. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_transaction_locked; /** * @j_wait_done_commit: Wait queue for waiting for commit to complete. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_done_commit; /** * @j_wait_commit: Wait queue to trigger commit. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_commit; /** * @j_wait_updates: Wait queue to wait for updates to complete. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_updates; /** * @j_wait_reserved: * * Wait queue to wait for reserved buffer credits to drop. */ wait_queue_head_t j_wait_reserved; /** * @j_fc_wait: * * Wait queue to wait for completion of async fast commits. */ wait_queue_head_t j_fc_wait; /** * @j_checkpoint_mutex: * * Semaphore for locking against concurrent checkpoints. */ struct mutex j_checkpoint_mutex; /** * @j_chkpt_bhs: * * List of buffer heads used by the checkpoint routine. This * was moved from jbd2_log_do_checkpoint() to reduce stack * usage. Access to this array is controlled by the * @j_checkpoint_mutex. [j_checkpoint_mutex] */ struct buffer_head *j_chkpt_bhs[JBD2_NR_BATCH]; /** * @j_head: * * Journal head: identifies the first unused block in the journal. * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_head; /** * @j_tail: * * Journal tail: identifies the oldest still-used block in the journal. * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_tail; /** * @j_free: * * Journal free: how many free blocks are there in the journal? * [j_state_lock] */ unsigned long j_free; /** * @j_first: * * The block number of the first usable block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_first; /** * @j_last: * * The block number one beyond the last usable block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_last; /** * @j_fc_first: * * The block number of the first fast commit block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_fc_first; /** * @j_fc_off: * * Number of fast commit blocks currently allocated. Accessed only * during fast commit. Currently only process can do fast commit, so * this field is not protected by any lock. */ unsigned long j_fc_off; /** * @j_fc_last: * * The block number one beyond the last fast commit block in the journal * [j_state_lock]. */ unsigned long j_fc_last; /** * @j_dev: Device where we store the journal. */ struct block_device *j_dev; /** * @j_blocksize: Block size for the location where we store the journal. */ int j_blocksize; /** * @j_blk_offset: * * Starting block offset into the device where we store the journal. */ unsigned long long j_blk_offset; /** * @j_devname: Journal device name. */ char j_devname[BDEVNAME_SIZE+24]; /** * @j_fs_dev: * * Device which holds the client fs. For internal journal this will be * equal to j_dev. */ struct block_device *j_fs_dev; /** * @j_total_len: Total maximum capacity of the journal region on disk. */ unsigned int j_total_len; /** * @j_reserved_credits: * * Number of buffers reserved from the running transaction. */ atomic_t j_reserved_credits; /** * @j_list_lock: Protects the buffer lists and internal buffer state. */ spinlock_t j_list_lock; /** * @j_inode: * * Optional inode where we store the journal. If present, all * journal block numbers are mapped into this inode via bmap(). */ struct inode *j_inode; /** * @j_tail_sequence: * * Sequence number of the oldest transaction in the log [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_tail_sequence; /** * @j_transaction_sequence: * * Sequence number of the next transaction to grant [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_transaction_sequence; /** * @j_commit_sequence: * * Sequence number of the most recently committed transaction * [j_state_lock]. */ tid_t j_commit_sequence; /** * @j_commit_request: * * Sequence number of the most recent transaction wanting commit * [j_state_lock] */ tid_t j_commit_request; /** * @j_uuid: * * Journal uuid: identifies the object (filesystem, LVM volume etc) * backed by this journal. This will eventually be replaced by an array * of uuids, allowing us to index multiple devices within a single * journal and to perform atomic updates across them. */ __u8 j_uuid[16]; /** * @j_task: Pointer to the current commit thread for this journal. */ struct task_struct *j_task; /** * @j_max_transaction_buffers: * * Maximum number of metadata buffers to allow in a single compound * commit transaction. */ int j_max_transaction_buffers; /** * @j_revoke_records_per_block: * * Number of revoke records that fit in one descriptor block. */ int j_revoke_records_per_block; /** * @j_commit_interval: * * What is the maximum transaction lifetime before we begin a commit? */ unsigned long j_commit_interval; /** * @j_commit_timer: The timer used to wakeup the commit thread. */ struct timer_list j_commit_timer; /** * @j_revoke_lock: Protect the revoke table. */ spinlock_t j_revoke_lock; /** * @j_revoke: * * The revoke table - maintains the list of revoked blocks in the * current transaction. */ struct jbd2_revoke_table_s *j_revoke; /** * @j_revoke_table: Alternate revoke tables for j_revoke. */ struct jbd2_revoke_table_s *j_revoke_table[2]; /** * @j_wbuf: Array of bhs for jbd2_journal_commit_transaction. */ struct buffer_head **j_wbuf; /** * @j_fc_wbuf: Array of fast commit bhs for fast commit. Accessed only * during a fast commit. Currently only process can do fast commit, so * this field is not protected by any lock. */ struct buffer_head **j_fc_wbuf; /** * @j_wbufsize: * * Size of @j_wbuf array. */ int j_wbufsize; /** * @j_fc_wbufsize: * * Size of @j_fc_wbuf array. */ int j_fc_wbufsize; /** * @j_last_sync_writer: * * The pid of the last person to run a synchronous operation * through the journal. */ pid_t j_last_sync_writer; /** * @j_average_commit_time: * * The average amount of time in nanoseconds it takes to commit a * transaction to disk. [j_state_lock] */ u64 j_average_commit_time; /** * @j_min_batch_time: * * Minimum time that we should wait for additional filesystem operations * to get batched into a synchronous handle in microseconds. */ u32 j_min_batch_time; /** * @j_max_batch_time: * * Maximum time that we should wait for additional filesystem operations * to get batched into a synchronous handle in microseconds. */ u32 j_max_batch_time; /** * @j_commit_callback: * * This function is called when a transaction is closed. */ void (*j_commit_callback)(journal_t *, transaction_t *); /** * @j_submit_inode_data_buffers: * * This function is called for all inodes associated with the * committing transaction marked with JI_WRITE_DATA flag * before we start to write out the transaction to the journal. */ int (*j_submit_inode_data_buffers) (struct jbd2_inode *); /** * @j_finish_inode_data_buffers: * * This function is called for all inodes associated with the * committing transaction marked with JI_WAIT_DATA flag * after we have written the transaction to the journal * but before we write out the commit block. */ int (*j_finish_inode_data_buffers) (struct jbd2_inode *); /* * Journal statistics */ /** * @j_history_lock: Protect the transactions statistics history. */ spinlock_t j_history_lock; /** * @j_proc_entry: procfs entry for the jbd statistics directory. */ struct proc_dir_entry *j_proc_entry; /** * @j_stats: Overall statistics. */ struct transaction_stats_s j_stats; /** * @j_failed_commit: Failed journal commit ID. */ unsigned int j_failed_commit; /** * @j_private: * * An opaque pointer to fs-private information. ext3 puts its * superblock pointer here. */ void *j_private; /** * @j_chksum_driver: * * Reference to checksum algorithm driver via cryptoapi. */ struct crypto_shash *j_chksum_driver; /** * @j_csum_seed: * * Precomputed journal UUID checksum for seeding other checksums. */ __u32 j_csum_seed; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC /** * @j_trans_commit_map: * * Lockdep entity to track transaction commit dependencies. Handles * hold this "lock" for read, when we wait for commit, we acquire the * "lock" for writing. This matches the properties of jbd2 journalling * where the running transaction has to wait for all handles to be * dropped to commit that transaction and also acquiring a handle may * require transaction commit to finish. */ struct lockdep_map j_trans_commit_map; #endif /** * @j_fc_cleanup_callback: * * Clean-up after fast commit or full commit. JBD2 calls this function * after every commit operation. */ void (*j_fc_cleanup_callback)(struct journal_s *journal, int); /** * @j_fc_replay_callback: * * File-system specific function that performs replay of a fast * commit. JBD2 calls this function for each fast commit block found in * the journal. This function should return JBD2_FC_REPLAY_CONTINUE * to indicate that the block was processed correctly and more fast * commit replay should continue. Return value of JBD2_FC_REPLAY_STOP * indicates the end of replay (no more blocks remaining). A negative * return value indicates error. */ int (*j_fc_replay_callback)(struct journal_s *journal, struct buffer_head *bh, enum passtype pass, int off, tid_t expected_commit_id); }; #define jbd2_might_wait_for_commit(j) \ do { \ rwsem_acquire(&j->j_trans_commit_map, 0, 0, _THIS_IP_); \ rwsem_release(&j->j_trans_commit_map, _THIS_IP_); \ } while (0) /* journal feature predicate functions */ #define JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_ro_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool jbd2_has_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ return ((j)->j_format_version >= 2 && \ ((j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat & \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_set_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat |= \ cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void jbd2_clear_feature_##name(journal_t *j) \ { \ (j)->j_superblock->s_feature_incompat &= \ ~cpu_to_be32(JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } JBD2_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(checksum, CHECKSUM) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(revoke, REVOKE) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(64bit, 64BIT) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(async_commit, ASYNC_COMMIT) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum2, CSUM_V2) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum3, CSUM_V3) JBD2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(fast_commit, FAST_COMMIT) /* * Journal flag definitions */ #define JBD2_UNMOUNT 0x001 /* Journal thread is being destroyed */ #define JBD2_ABORT 0x002 /* Journaling has been aborted for errors. */ #define JBD2_ACK_ERR 0x004 /* The errno in the sb has been acked */ #define JBD2_FLUSHED 0x008 /* The journal superblock has been flushed */ #define JBD2_LOADED 0x010 /* The journal superblock has been loaded */ #define JBD2_BARRIER 0x020 /* Use IDE barriers */ #define JBD2_ABORT_ON_SYNCDATA_ERR 0x040 /* Abort the journal on file * data write error in ordered * mode */ #define JBD2_FAST_COMMIT_ONGOING 0x100 /* Fast commit is ongoing */ #define JBD2_FULL_COMMIT_ONGOING 0x200 /* Full commit is ongoing */ /* * Function declarations for the journaling transaction and buffer * management */ /* Filing buffers */ extern void jbd2_journal_unfile_buffer(journal_t *, struct journal_head *); extern bool __jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(struct journal_head *); extern void jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(journal_t *, struct journal_head *); extern void __jbd2_journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *, int); extern void __journal_free_buffer(struct journal_head *bh); extern void jbd2_journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *, int); extern void __journal_clean_data_list(transaction_t *transaction); static inline void jbd2_file_log_bh(struct list_head *head, struct buffer_head *bh) { list_add_tail(&bh->b_assoc_buffers, head); } static inline void jbd2_unfile_log_bh(struct buffer_head *bh) { list_del_init(&bh->b_assoc_buffers); } /* Log buffer allocation */ struct buffer_head *jbd2_journal_get_descriptor_buffer(transaction_t *, int); void jbd2_descriptor_block_csum_set(journal_t *, struct buffer_head *); int jbd2_journal_next_log_block(journal_t *, unsigned long long *); int jbd2_journal_get_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t *tid, unsigned long *block); int __jbd2_update_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, unsigned long block); void jbd2_update_log_tail(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid, unsigned long block); /* Commit management */ extern void jbd2_journal_commit_transaction(journal_t *); /* Checkpoint list management */ void __jbd2_journal_clean_checkpoint_list(journal_t *journal, bool destroy); int __jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint(struct journal_head *); void jbd2_journal_destroy_checkpoint(journal_t *journal); void __jbd2_journal_insert_checkpoint(struct journal_head *, transaction_t *); /* * Triggers */ struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type { /* * Fired a the moment data to write to the journal are known to be * stable - so either at the moment b_frozen_data is created or just * before a buffer is written to the journal. mapped_data is a mapped * buffer that is the frozen data for commit. */ void (*t_frozen)(struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type, struct buffer_head *bh, void *mapped_data, size_t size); /* * Fired during journal abort for dirty buffers that will not be * committed. */ void (*t_abort)(struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type, struct buffer_head *bh); }; extern void jbd2_buffer_frozen_trigger(struct journal_head *jh, void *mapped_data, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *triggers); extern void jbd2_buffer_abort_trigger(struct journal_head *jh, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *triggers); /* Buffer IO */ extern int jbd2_journal_write_metadata_buffer(transaction_t *transaction, struct journal_head *jh_in, struct buffer_head **bh_out, sector_t blocknr); /* Transaction locking */ extern void __wait_on_journal (journal_t *); /* Transaction cache support */ extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_transaction_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_transaction_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_free_transaction(transaction_t *); /* * Journal locking. * * We need to lock the journal during transaction state changes so that nobody * ever tries to take a handle on the running transaction while we are in the * middle of moving it to the commit phase. j_state_lock does this. * * Note that the locking is completely interrupt unsafe. We never touch * journal structures from interrupts. */ static inline handle_t *journal_current_handle(void) { return current->journal_info; } /* The journaling code user interface: * * Create and destroy handles * Register buffer modifications against the current transaction. */ extern handle_t *jbd2_journal_start(journal_t *, int nblocks); extern handle_t *jbd2__journal_start(journal_t *, int blocks, int rsv_blocks, int revoke_records, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no); extern int jbd2_journal_restart(handle_t *, int nblocks); extern int jbd2__journal_restart(handle_t *, int nblocks, int revoke_records, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern int jbd2_journal_start_reserved(handle_t *handle, unsigned int type, unsigned int line_no); extern void jbd2_journal_free_reserved(handle_t *handle); extern int jbd2_journal_extend(handle_t *handle, int nblocks, int revoke_records); extern int jbd2_journal_get_write_access(handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_get_create_access (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_get_undo_access(handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); void jbd2_journal_set_triggers(struct buffer_head *, struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type); extern int jbd2_journal_dirty_metadata (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_forget (handle_t *, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_invalidatepage(journal_t *, struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); extern int jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal_t *journal, struct page *page); extern int jbd2_journal_stop(handle_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_flush (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_lock_updates (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_unlock_updates (journal_t *); extern journal_t * jbd2_journal_init_dev(struct block_device *bdev, struct block_device *fs_dev, unsigned long long start, int len, int bsize); extern journal_t * jbd2_journal_init_inode (struct inode *); extern int jbd2_journal_update_format (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_check_used_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_check_available_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_set_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern void jbd2_journal_clear_features (journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); extern int jbd2_journal_load (journal_t *journal); extern int jbd2_journal_destroy (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_recover (journal_t *journal); extern int jbd2_journal_wipe (journal_t *, int); extern int jbd2_journal_skip_recovery (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_update_sb_errno(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_update_sb_log_tail (journal_t *, tid_t, unsigned long, int); extern void jbd2_journal_abort (journal_t *, int); extern int jbd2_journal_errno (journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_ack_err (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_clear_err (journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_bmap(journal_t *, unsigned long, unsigned long long *); extern int jbd2_journal_force_commit(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_force_commit_nested(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_write(handle_t *handle, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length); extern int jbd2_journal_inode_ranged_wait(handle_t *handle, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t start_byte, loff_t length); extern int jbd2_journal_submit_inode_data_buffers( struct jbd2_inode *jinode); extern int jbd2_journal_finish_inode_data_buffers( struct jbd2_inode *jinode); extern int jbd2_journal_begin_ordered_truncate(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *inode, loff_t new_size); extern void jbd2_journal_init_jbd_inode(struct jbd2_inode *jinode, struct inode *inode); extern void jbd2_journal_release_jbd_inode(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *jinode); /* * journal_head management */ struct journal_head *jbd2_journal_add_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh); struct journal_head *jbd2_journal_grab_journal_head(struct buffer_head *bh); void jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(struct journal_head *jh); /* * handle management */ extern struct kmem_cache *jbd2_handle_cache; static inline handle_t *jbd2_alloc_handle(gfp_t gfp_flags) { return kmem_cache_zalloc(jbd2_handle_cache, gfp_flags); } static inline void jbd2_free_handle(handle_t *handle) { kmem_cache_free(jbd2_handle_cache, handle); } /* * jbd2_inode management (optional, for those file systems that want to use * dynamically allocated jbd2_inode structures) */ extern struct kmem_cache *jbd2_inode_cache; static inline struct jbd2_inode *jbd2_alloc_inode(gfp_t gfp_flags) { return kmem_cache_alloc(jbd2_inode_cache, gfp_flags); } static inline void jbd2_free_inode(struct jbd2_inode *jinode) { kmem_cache_free(jbd2_inode_cache, jinode); } /* Primary revoke support */ #define JOURNAL_REVOKE_DEFAULT_HASH 256 extern int jbd2_journal_init_revoke(journal_t *, int); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke_record_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke_table_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_revoke_record_cache(void); extern int __init jbd2_journal_init_revoke_table_cache(void); extern void jbd2_journal_destroy_revoke(journal_t *); extern int jbd2_journal_revoke (handle_t *, unsigned long long, struct buffer_head *); extern int jbd2_journal_cancel_revoke(handle_t *, struct journal_head *); extern void jbd2_journal_write_revoke_records(transaction_t *transaction, struct list_head *log_bufs); /* Recovery revoke support */ extern int jbd2_journal_set_revoke(journal_t *, unsigned long long, tid_t); extern int jbd2_journal_test_revoke(journal_t *, unsigned long long, tid_t); extern void jbd2_journal_clear_revoke(journal_t *); extern void jbd2_journal_switch_revoke_table(journal_t *journal); extern void jbd2_clear_buffer_revoked_flags(journal_t *journal); /* * The log thread user interface: * * Request space in the current transaction, and force transaction commit * transitions on demand. */ int jbd2_log_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int __jbd2_log_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_journal_start_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t *tid); int jbd2_log_wait_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_transaction_committed(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_complete_transaction(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_log_do_checkpoint(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_trans_will_send_data_barrier(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); void __jbd2_log_wait_for_space(journal_t *journal); extern void __jbd2_journal_drop_transaction(journal_t *, transaction_t *); extern int jbd2_cleanup_journal_tail(journal_t *); /* Fast commit related APIs */ int jbd2_fc_begin_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t tid); int jbd2_fc_end_commit(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_fc_end_commit_fallback(journal_t *journal); int jbd2_fc_get_buf(journal_t *journal, struct buffer_head **bh_out); int jbd2_submit_inode_data(struct jbd2_inode *jinode); int jbd2_wait_inode_data(journal_t *journal, struct jbd2_inode *jinode); int jbd2_fc_wait_bufs(journal_t *journal, int num_blks); int jbd2_fc_release_bufs(journal_t *journal); static inline int jbd2_journal_get_max_txn_bufs(journal_t *journal) { return (journal->j_total_len - journal->j_fc_wbufsize) / 4; } /* * is_journal_abort * * Simple test wrapper function to test the JBD2_ABORT state flag. This * bit, when set, indicates that we have had a fatal error somewhere, * either inside the journaling layer or indicated to us by the client * (eg. ext3), and that we and should not commit any further * transactions. */ static inline int is_journal_aborted(journal_t *journal) { return journal->j_flags & JBD2_ABORT; } static inline int is_handle_aborted(handle_t *handle) { if (handle->h_aborted || !handle->h_transaction) return 1; return is_journal_aborted(handle->h_transaction->t_journal); } static inline void jbd2_journal_abort_handle(handle_t *handle) { handle->h_aborted = 1; } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ /* Comparison functions for transaction IDs: perform comparisons using * modulo arithmetic so that they work over sequence number wraps. */ static inline int tid_gt(tid_t x, tid_t y) { int difference = (x - y); return (difference > 0); } static inline int tid_geq(tid_t x, tid_t y) { int difference = (x - y); return (difference >= 0); } extern int jbd2_journal_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode); extern size_t journal_tag_bytes(journal_t *journal); static inline bool jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3_feature(journal_t *j) { return jbd2_has_feature_csum2(j) || jbd2_has_feature_csum3(j); } static inline int jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3(journal_t *journal) { WARN_ON_ONCE(jbd2_journal_has_csum_v2or3_feature(journal) && journal->j_chksum_driver == NULL); return journal->j_chksum_driver != NULL; } /* * Return number of free blocks in the log. Must be called under j_state_lock. */ static inline unsigned long jbd2_log_space_left(journal_t *journal) { /* Allow for rounding errors */ long free = journal->j_free - 32; if (journal->j_committing_transaction) { free -= atomic_read(&journal-> j_committing_transaction->t_outstanding_credits); } return max_t(long, free, 0); } /* * Definitions which augment the buffer_head layer */ /* journaling buffer types */ #define BJ_None 0 /* Not journaled */ #define BJ_Metadata 1 /* Normal journaled metadata */ #define BJ_Forget 2 /* Buffer superseded by this transaction */ #define BJ_Shadow 3 /* Buffer contents being shadowed to the log */ #define BJ_Reserved 4 /* Buffer is reserved for access by journal */ #define BJ_Types 5 extern int jbd_blocks_per_page(struct inode *inode); /* JBD uses a CRC32 checksum */ #define JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE 4 static inline u32 jbd2_chksum(journal_t *journal, u32 crc, const void *address, unsigned int length) { struct { struct shash_desc shash; char ctx[JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE]; } desc; int err; BUG_ON(crypto_shash_descsize(journal->j_chksum_driver) > JBD_MAX_CHECKSUM_SIZE); desc.shash.tfm = journal->j_chksum_driver; *(u32 *)desc.ctx = crc; err = crypto_shash_update(&desc.shash, address, length); BUG_ON(err); return *(u32 *)desc.ctx; } /* Return most recent uncommitted transaction */ static inline tid_t jbd2_get_latest_transaction(journal_t *journal) { tid_t tid; read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock); tid = journal->j_commit_request; if (journal->j_running_transaction) tid = journal->j_running_transaction->t_tid; read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock); return tid; } static inline int jbd2_handle_buffer_credits(handle_t *handle) { journal_t *journal; if (!handle->h_reserved) journal = handle->h_transaction->t_journal; else journal = handle->h_journal; return handle->h_total_credits - DIV_ROUND_UP(handle->h_revoke_credits_requested, journal->j_revoke_records_per_block); } #ifdef __KERNEL__ #define buffer_trace_init(bh) do {} while (0) #define print_buffer_fields(bh) do {} while (0) #define print_buffer_trace(bh) do {} while (0) #define BUFFER_TRACE(bh, info) do {} while (0) #define BUFFER_TRACE2(bh, bh2, info) do {} while (0) #define JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, info) do {} while (0) #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #define EFSBADCRC EBADMSG /* Bad CRC detected */ #define EFSCORRUPTED EUCLEAN /* Filesystem is corrupted */ #endif /* _LINUX_JBD2_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_TTY_H #define _LINUX_TTY_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/major.h> #include <linux/termios.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/tty_driver.h> #include <linux/tty_ldisc.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/tty_flags.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <uapi/linux/tty.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/llist.h> /* * Lock subclasses for tty locks * * TTY_LOCK_NORMAL is for normal ttys and master ptys. * TTY_LOCK_SLAVE is for slave ptys only. * * Lock subclasses are necessary for handling nested locking with pty pairs. * tty locks which use nested locking: * * legacy_mutex - Nested tty locks are necessary for releasing pty pairs. * The stable lock order is master pty first, then slave pty. * termios_rwsem - The stable lock order is tty_buffer lock->termios_rwsem. * Subclassing this lock enables the slave pty to hold its * termios_rwsem when claiming the master tty_buffer lock. * tty_buffer lock - slave ptys can claim nested buffer lock when handling * signal chars. The stable lock order is slave pty, then * master. */ enum { TTY_LOCK_NORMAL = 0, TTY_LOCK_SLAVE, }; /* * (Note: the *_driver.minor_start values 1, 64, 128, 192 are * hardcoded at present.) */ #define NR_UNIX98_PTY_DEFAULT 4096 /* Default maximum for Unix98 ptys */ #define NR_UNIX98_PTY_RESERVE 1024 /* Default reserve for main devpts */ #define NR_UNIX98_PTY_MAX (1 << MINORBITS) /* Absolute limit */ /* * This character is the same as _POSIX_VDISABLE: it cannot be used as * a c_cc[] character, but indicates that a particular special character * isn't in use (eg VINTR has no character etc) */ #define __DISABLED_CHAR '\0' struct tty_buffer { union { struct tty_buffer *next; struct llist_node free; }; int used; int size; int commit; int read; int flags; /* Data points here */ unsigned long data[]; }; /* Values for .flags field of tty_buffer */ #define TTYB_NORMAL 1 /* buffer has no flags buffer */ static inline unsigned char *char_buf_ptr(struct tty_buffer *b, int ofs) { return ((unsigned char *)b->data) + ofs; } static inline char *flag_buf_ptr(struct tty_buffer *b, int ofs) { return (char *)char_buf_ptr(b, ofs) + b->size; } struct tty_bufhead { struct tty_buffer *head; /* Queue head */ struct work_struct work; struct mutex lock; atomic_t priority; struct tty_buffer sentinel; struct llist_head free; /* Free queue head */ atomic_t mem_used; /* In-use buffers excluding free list */ int mem_limit; struct tty_buffer *tail; /* Active buffer */ }; /* * When a break, frame error, or parity error happens, these codes are * stuffed into the flags buffer. */ #define TTY_NORMAL 0 #define TTY_BREAK 1 #define TTY_FRAME 2 #define TTY_PARITY 3 #define TTY_OVERRUN 4 #define INTR_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VINTR]) #define QUIT_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VQUIT]) #define ERASE_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VERASE]) #define KILL_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VKILL]) #define EOF_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VEOF]) #define TIME_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VTIME]) #define MIN_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VMIN]) #define SWTC_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VSWTC]) #define START_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VSTART]) #define STOP_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VSTOP]) #define SUSP_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VSUSP]) #define EOL_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VEOL]) #define REPRINT_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VREPRINT]) #define DISCARD_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VDISCARD]) #define WERASE_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VWERASE]) #define LNEXT_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VLNEXT]) #define EOL2_CHAR(tty) ((tty)->termios.c_cc[VEOL2]) #define _I_FLAG(tty, f) ((tty)->termios.c_iflag & (f)) #define _O_FLAG(tty, f) ((tty)->termios.c_oflag & (f)) #define _C_FLAG(tty, f) ((tty)->termios.c_cflag & (f)) #define _L_FLAG(tty, f) ((tty)->termios.c_lflag & (f)) #define I_IGNBRK(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IGNBRK) #define I_BRKINT(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), BRKINT) #define I_IGNPAR(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IGNPAR) #define I_PARMRK(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), PARMRK) #define I_INPCK(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), INPCK) #define I_ISTRIP(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), ISTRIP) #define I_INLCR(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), INLCR) #define I_IGNCR(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IGNCR) #define I_ICRNL(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), ICRNL) #define I_IUCLC(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IUCLC) #define I_IXON(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IXON) #define I_IXANY(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IXANY) #define I_IXOFF(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IXOFF) #define I_IMAXBEL(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IMAXBEL) #define I_IUTF8(tty) _I_FLAG((tty), IUTF8) #define O_OPOST(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), OPOST) #define O_OLCUC(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), OLCUC) #define O_ONLCR(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), ONLCR) #define O_OCRNL(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), OCRNL) #define O_ONOCR(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), ONOCR) #define O_ONLRET(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), ONLRET) #define O_OFILL(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), OFILL) #define O_OFDEL(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), OFDEL) #define O_NLDLY(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), NLDLY) #define O_CRDLY(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), CRDLY) #define O_TABDLY(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), TABDLY) #define O_BSDLY(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), BSDLY) #define O_VTDLY(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), VTDLY) #define O_FFDLY(tty) _O_FLAG((tty), FFDLY) #define C_BAUD(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), CBAUD) #define C_CSIZE(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), CSIZE) #define C_CSTOPB(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), CSTOPB) #define C_CREAD(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), CREAD) #define C_PARENB(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), PARENB) #define C_PARODD(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), PARODD) #define C_HUPCL(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), HUPCL) #define C_CLOCAL(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), CLOCAL) #define C_CIBAUD(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), CIBAUD) #define C_CRTSCTS(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), CRTSCTS) #define C_CMSPAR(tty) _C_FLAG((tty), CMSPAR) #define L_ISIG(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ISIG) #define L_ICANON(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ICANON) #define L_XCASE(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), XCASE) #define L_ECHO(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ECHO) #define L_ECHOE(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ECHOE) #define L_ECHOK(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ECHOK) #define L_ECHONL(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ECHONL) #define L_NOFLSH(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), NOFLSH) #define L_TOSTOP(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), TOSTOP) #define L_ECHOCTL(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ECHOCTL) #define L_ECHOPRT(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ECHOPRT) #define L_ECHOKE(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), ECHOKE) #define L_FLUSHO(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), FLUSHO) #define L_PENDIN(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), PENDIN) #define L_IEXTEN(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), IEXTEN) #define L_EXTPROC(tty) _L_FLAG((tty), EXTPROC) struct device; struct signal_struct; /* * Port level information. Each device keeps its own port level information * so provide a common structure for those ports wanting to use common support * routines. * * The tty port has a different lifetime to the tty so must be kept apart. * In addition be careful as tty -> port mappings are valid for the life * of the tty object but in many cases port -> tty mappings are valid only * until a hangup so don't use the wrong path. */ struct tty_port; struct tty_port_operations { /* Return 1 if the carrier is raised */ int (*carrier_raised)(struct tty_port *port); /* Control the DTR line */ void (*dtr_rts)(struct tty_port *port, int raise); /* Called when the last close completes or a hangup finishes IFF the port was initialized. Do not use to free resources. Called under the port mutex to serialize against activate/shutdowns */ void (*shutdown)(struct tty_port *port); /* Called under the port mutex from tty_port_open, serialized using the port mutex */ /* FIXME: long term getting the tty argument *out* of this would be good for consoles */ int (*activate)(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_struct *tty); /* Called on the final put of a port */ void (*destruct)(struct tty_port *port); }; struct tty_port_client_operations { int (*receive_buf)(struct tty_port *port, const unsigned char *, const unsigned char *, size_t); void (*write_wakeup)(struct tty_port *port); }; extern const struct tty_port_client_operations tty_port_default_client_ops; struct tty_port { struct tty_bufhead buf; /* Locked internally */ struct tty_struct *tty; /* Back pointer */ struct tty_struct *itty; /* internal back ptr */ const struct tty_port_operations *ops; /* Port operations */ const struct tty_port_client_operations *client_ops; /* Port client operations */ spinlock_t lock; /* Lock protecting tty field */ int blocked_open; /* Waiting to open */ int count; /* Usage count */ wait_queue_head_t open_wait; /* Open waiters */ wait_queue_head_t delta_msr_wait; /* Modem status change */ unsigned long flags; /* User TTY flags ASYNC_ */ unsigned long iflags; /* Internal flags TTY_PORT_ */ unsigned char console:1, /* port is a console */ low_latency:1; /* optional: tune for latency */ struct mutex mutex; /* Locking */ struct mutex buf_mutex; /* Buffer alloc lock */ unsigned char *xmit_buf; /* Optional buffer */ unsigned int close_delay; /* Close port delay */ unsigned int closing_wait; /* Delay for output */ int drain_delay; /* Set to zero if no pure time based drain is needed else set to size of fifo */ struct kref kref; /* Ref counter */ void *client_data; }; /* tty_port::iflags bits -- use atomic bit ops */ #define TTY_PORT_INITIALIZED 0 /* device is initialized */ #define TTY_PORT_SUSPENDED 1 /* device is suspended */ #define TTY_PORT_ACTIVE 2 /* device is open */ /* * uart drivers: use the uart_port::status field and the UPSTAT_* defines * for s/w-based flow control steering and carrier detection status */ #define TTY_PORT_CTS_FLOW 3 /* h/w flow control enabled */ #define TTY_PORT_CHECK_CD 4 /* carrier detect enabled */ #define TTY_PORT_KOPENED 5 /* device exclusively opened by kernel */ /* * Where all of the state associated with a tty is kept while the tty * is open. Since the termios state should be kept even if the tty * has been closed --- for things like the baud rate, etc --- it is * not stored here, but rather a pointer to the real state is stored * here. Possible the winsize structure should have the same * treatment, but (1) the default 80x24 is usually right and (2) it's * most often used by a windowing system, which will set the correct * size each time the window is created or resized anyway. * - TYT, 9/14/92 */ struct tty_operations; struct tty_struct { int magic; struct kref kref; struct device *dev; struct tty_driver *driver; const struct tty_operations *ops; int index; /* Protects ldisc changes: Lock tty not pty */ struct ld_semaphore ldisc_sem; struct tty_ldisc *ldisc; struct mutex atomic_write_lock; struct mutex legacy_mutex; struct mutex throttle_mutex; struct rw_semaphore termios_rwsem; struct mutex winsize_mutex; spinlock_t ctrl_lock; spinlock_t flow_lock; /* Termios values are protected by the termios rwsem */ struct ktermios termios, termios_locked; char name[64]; struct pid *pgrp; /* Protected by ctrl lock */ /* * Writes protected by both ctrl lock and legacy mutex, readers must use * at least one of them. */ struct pid *session; unsigned long flags; int count; struct winsize winsize; /* winsize_mutex */ unsigned long stopped:1, /* flow_lock */ flow_stopped:1, unused:BITS_PER_LONG - 2; int hw_stopped; unsigned long ctrl_status:8, /* ctrl_lock */ packet:1, unused_ctrl:BITS_PER_LONG - 9; unsigned int receive_room; /* Bytes free for queue */ int flow_change; struct tty_struct *link; struct fasync_struct *fasync; wait_queue_head_t write_wait; wait_queue_head_t read_wait; struct work_struct hangup_work; void *disc_data; void *driver_data; spinlock_t files_lock; /* protects tty_files list */ struct list_head tty_files; #define N_TTY_BUF_SIZE 4096 int closing; unsigned char *write_buf; int write_cnt; /* If the tty has a pending do_SAK, queue it here - akpm */ struct work_struct SAK_work; struct tty_port *port; } __randomize_layout; /* Each of a tty's open files has private_data pointing to tty_file_private */ struct tty_file_private { struct tty_struct *tty; struct file *file; struct list_head list; }; /* tty magic number */ #define TTY_MAGIC 0x5401 /* * These bits are used in the flags field of the tty structure. * * So that interrupts won't be able to mess up the queues, * copy_to_cooked must be atomic with respect to itself, as must * tty->write. Thus, you must use the inline functions set_bit() and * clear_bit() to make things atomic. */ #define TTY_THROTTLED 0 /* Call unthrottle() at threshold min */ #define TTY_IO_ERROR 1 /* Cause an I/O error (may be no ldisc too) */ #define TTY_OTHER_CLOSED 2 /* Other side (if any) has closed */ #define TTY_EXCLUSIVE 3 /* Exclusive open mode */ #define TTY_DO_WRITE_WAKEUP 5 /* Call write_wakeup after queuing new */ #define TTY_LDISC_OPEN 11 /* Line discipline is open */ #define TTY_PTY_LOCK 16 /* pty private */ #define TTY_NO_WRITE_SPLIT 17 /* Preserve write boundaries to driver */ #define TTY_HUPPED 18 /* Post driver->hangup() */ #define TTY_HUPPING 19 /* Hangup in progress */ #define TTY_LDISC_CHANGING 20 /* Change pending - non-block IO */ #define TTY_LDISC_HALTED 22 /* Line discipline is halted */ /* Values for tty->flow_change */ #define TTY_THROTTLE_SAFE 1 #define TTY_UNTHROTTLE_SAFE 2 static inline void __tty_set_flow_change(struct tty_struct *tty, int val) { tty->flow_change = val; } static inline void tty_set_flow_change(struct tty_struct *tty, int val) { tty->flow_change = val; smp_mb(); } static inline bool tty_io_nonblock(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *file) { return file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK || test_bit(TTY_LDISC_CHANGING, &tty->flags); } static inline bool tty_io_error(struct tty_struct *tty) { return test_bit(TTY_IO_ERROR, &tty->flags); } static inline bool tty_throttled(struct tty_struct *tty) { return test_bit(TTY_THROTTLED, &tty->flags); } #ifdef CONFIG_TTY extern void tty_kref_put(struct tty_struct *tty); extern struct pid *tty_get_pgrp(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_vhangup_self(void); extern void disassociate_ctty(int priv); extern dev_t tty_devnum(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void proc_clear_tty(struct task_struct *p); extern struct tty_struct *get_current_tty(void); /* tty_io.c */ extern int __init tty_init(void); extern const char *tty_name(const struct tty_struct *tty); extern struct tty_struct *tty_kopen(dev_t device); extern void tty_kclose(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_dev_name_to_number(const char *name, dev_t *number); extern int tty_ldisc_lock(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned long timeout); extern void tty_ldisc_unlock(struct tty_struct *tty); extern ssize_t redirected_tty_write(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); #else static inline void tty_kref_put(struct tty_struct *tty) { } static inline struct pid *tty_get_pgrp(struct tty_struct *tty) { return NULL; } static inline void tty_vhangup_self(void) { } static inline void disassociate_ctty(int priv) { } static inline dev_t tty_devnum(struct tty_struct *tty) { return 0; } static inline void proc_clear_tty(struct task_struct *p) { } static inline struct tty_struct *get_current_tty(void) { return NULL; } /* tty_io.c */ static inline int __init tty_init(void) { return 0; } static inline const char *tty_name(const struct tty_struct *tty) { return "(none)"; } static inline struct tty_struct *tty_kopen(dev_t device) { return ERR_PTR(-ENODEV); } static inline void tty_kclose(struct tty_struct *tty) { } static inline int tty_dev_name_to_number(const char *name, dev_t *number) { return -ENOTSUPP; } #endif extern struct ktermios tty_std_termios; extern int vcs_init(void); extern struct class *tty_class; /** * tty_kref_get - get a tty reference * @tty: tty device * * Return a new reference to a tty object. The caller must hold * sufficient locks/counts to ensure that their existing reference cannot * go away */ static inline struct tty_struct *tty_kref_get(struct tty_struct *tty) { if (tty) kref_get(&tty->kref); return tty; } extern const char *tty_driver_name(const struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_wait_until_sent(struct tty_struct *tty, long timeout); extern int __tty_check_change(struct tty_struct *tty, int sig); extern int tty_check_change(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void __stop_tty(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void stop_tty(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void __start_tty(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void start_tty(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_register_driver(struct tty_driver *driver); extern int tty_unregister_driver(struct tty_driver *driver); extern struct device *tty_register_device(struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index, struct device *dev); extern struct device *tty_register_device_attr(struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index, struct device *device, void *drvdata, const struct attribute_group **attr_grp); extern void tty_unregister_device(struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index); extern void tty_write_message(struct tty_struct *tty, char *msg); extern int tty_send_xchar(struct tty_struct *tty, char ch); extern int tty_put_char(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned char c); extern int tty_chars_in_buffer(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_write_room(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_driver_flush_buffer(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_throttle(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_unthrottle(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_throttle_safe(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_unthrottle_safe(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_do_resize(struct tty_struct *tty, struct winsize *ws); extern int is_current_pgrp_orphaned(void); extern void tty_hangup(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_vhangup(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_vhangup_session(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_hung_up_p(struct file *filp); extern void do_SAK(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void __do_SAK(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_open_proc_set_tty(struct file *filp, struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_signal_session_leader(struct tty_struct *tty, int exit_session); extern void session_clear_tty(struct pid *session); extern void no_tty(void); extern void tty_buffer_free_all(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_buffer_flush(struct tty_struct *tty, struct tty_ldisc *ld); extern void tty_buffer_init(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_buffer_set_lock_subclass(struct tty_port *port); extern bool tty_buffer_restart_work(struct tty_port *port); extern bool tty_buffer_cancel_work(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_buffer_flush_work(struct tty_port *port); extern speed_t tty_termios_baud_rate(struct ktermios *termios); extern speed_t tty_termios_input_baud_rate(struct ktermios *termios); extern void tty_termios_encode_baud_rate(struct ktermios *termios, speed_t ibaud, speed_t obaud); extern void tty_encode_baud_rate(struct tty_struct *tty, speed_t ibaud, speed_t obaud); /** * tty_get_baud_rate - get tty bit rates * @tty: tty to query * * Returns the baud rate as an integer for this terminal. The * termios lock must be held by the caller and the terminal bit * flags may be updated. * * Locking: none */ static inline speed_t tty_get_baud_rate(struct tty_struct *tty) { return tty_termios_baud_rate(&tty->termios); } extern void tty_termios_copy_hw(struct ktermios *new, struct ktermios *old); extern int tty_termios_hw_change(const struct ktermios *a, const struct ktermios *b); extern int tty_set_termios(struct tty_struct *tty, struct ktermios *kt); extern struct tty_ldisc *tty_ldisc_ref(struct tty_struct *); extern void tty_ldisc_deref(struct tty_ldisc *); extern struct tty_ldisc *tty_ldisc_ref_wait(struct tty_struct *); extern void tty_ldisc_hangup(struct tty_struct *tty, bool reset); extern int tty_ldisc_reinit(struct tty_struct *tty, int disc); extern const struct seq_operations tty_ldiscs_seq_ops; extern void tty_wakeup(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_ldisc_flush(struct tty_struct *tty); extern long tty_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern int tty_mode_ioctl(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern long tty_jobctrl_ioctl(struct tty_struct *tty, struct tty_struct *real_tty, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern int tty_perform_flush(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned long arg); extern void tty_default_fops(struct file_operations *fops); extern struct tty_struct *alloc_tty_struct(struct tty_driver *driver, int idx); extern int tty_alloc_file(struct file *file); extern void tty_add_file(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *file); extern void tty_free_file(struct file *file); extern struct tty_struct *tty_init_dev(struct tty_driver *driver, int idx); extern void tty_release_struct(struct tty_struct *tty, int idx); extern int tty_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp); extern void tty_init_termios(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_save_termios(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_standard_install(struct tty_driver *driver, struct tty_struct *tty); extern struct mutex tty_mutex; #define tty_is_writelocked(tty) (mutex_is_locked(&tty->atomic_write_lock)) extern void tty_port_init(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_link_device(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index); extern struct device *tty_port_register_device(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index, struct device *device); extern struct device *tty_port_register_device_attr(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index, struct device *device, void *drvdata, const struct attribute_group **attr_grp); extern struct device *tty_port_register_device_serdev(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index, struct device *device); extern struct device *tty_port_register_device_attr_serdev(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index, struct device *device, void *drvdata, const struct attribute_group **attr_grp); extern void tty_port_unregister_device(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_driver *driver, unsigned index); extern int tty_port_alloc_xmit_buf(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_free_xmit_buf(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_destroy(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_put(struct tty_port *port); static inline struct tty_port *tty_port_get(struct tty_port *port) { if (port && kref_get_unless_zero(&port->kref)) return port; return NULL; } /* If the cts flow control is enabled, return true. */ static inline bool tty_port_cts_enabled(struct tty_port *port) { return test_bit(TTY_PORT_CTS_FLOW, &port->iflags); } static inline void tty_port_set_cts_flow(struct tty_port *port, bool val) { if (val) set_bit(TTY_PORT_CTS_FLOW, &port->iflags); else clear_bit(TTY_PORT_CTS_FLOW, &port->iflags); } static inline bool tty_port_active(struct tty_port *port) { return test_bit(TTY_PORT_ACTIVE, &port->iflags); } static inline void tty_port_set_active(struct tty_port *port, bool val) { if (val) set_bit(TTY_PORT_ACTIVE, &port->iflags); else clear_bit(TTY_PORT_ACTIVE, &port->iflags); } static inline bool tty_port_check_carrier(struct tty_port *port) { return test_bit(TTY_PORT_CHECK_CD, &port->iflags); } static inline void tty_port_set_check_carrier(struct tty_port *port, bool val) { if (val) set_bit(TTY_PORT_CHECK_CD, &port->iflags); else clear_bit(TTY_PORT_CHECK_CD, &port->iflags); } static inline bool tty_port_suspended(struct tty_port *port) { return test_bit(TTY_PORT_SUSPENDED, &port->iflags); } static inline void tty_port_set_suspended(struct tty_port *port, bool val) { if (val) set_bit(TTY_PORT_SUSPENDED, &port->iflags); else clear_bit(TTY_PORT_SUSPENDED, &port->iflags); } static inline bool tty_port_initialized(struct tty_port *port) { return test_bit(TTY_PORT_INITIALIZED, &port->iflags); } static inline void tty_port_set_initialized(struct tty_port *port, bool val) { if (val) set_bit(TTY_PORT_INITIALIZED, &port->iflags); else clear_bit(TTY_PORT_INITIALIZED, &port->iflags); } static inline bool tty_port_kopened(struct tty_port *port) { return test_bit(TTY_PORT_KOPENED, &port->iflags); } static inline void tty_port_set_kopened(struct tty_port *port, bool val) { if (val) set_bit(TTY_PORT_KOPENED, &port->iflags); else clear_bit(TTY_PORT_KOPENED, &port->iflags); } extern struct tty_struct *tty_port_tty_get(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_tty_set(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_port_carrier_raised(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_raise_dtr_rts(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_lower_dtr_rts(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_hangup(struct tty_port *port); extern void tty_port_tty_hangup(struct tty_port *port, bool check_clocal); extern void tty_port_tty_wakeup(struct tty_port *port); extern int tty_port_block_til_ready(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *filp); extern int tty_port_close_start(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *filp); extern void tty_port_close_end(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_port_close(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *filp); extern int tty_port_install(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_driver *driver, struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_port_open(struct tty_port *port, struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *filp); static inline int tty_port_users(struct tty_port *port) { return port->count + port->blocked_open; } extern int tty_register_ldisc(int disc, struct tty_ldisc_ops *new_ldisc); extern int tty_unregister_ldisc(int disc); extern int tty_set_ldisc(struct tty_struct *tty, int disc); extern int tty_ldisc_setup(struct tty_struct *tty, struct tty_struct *o_tty); extern void tty_ldisc_release(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int __must_check tty_ldisc_init(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_ldisc_deinit(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_ldisc_receive_buf(struct tty_ldisc *ld, const unsigned char *p, char *f, int count); /* n_tty.c */ extern void n_tty_inherit_ops(struct tty_ldisc_ops *ops); #ifdef CONFIG_TTY extern void __init n_tty_init(void); #else static inline void n_tty_init(void) { } #endif /* tty_audit.c */ #ifdef CONFIG_AUDIT extern void tty_audit_add_data(struct tty_struct *tty, const void *data, size_t size); extern void tty_audit_exit(void); extern void tty_audit_fork(struct signal_struct *sig); extern void tty_audit_tiocsti(struct tty_struct *tty, char ch); extern int tty_audit_push(void); #else static inline void tty_audit_add_data(struct tty_struct *tty, const void *data, size_t size) { } static inline void tty_audit_tiocsti(struct tty_struct *tty, char ch) { } static inline void tty_audit_exit(void) { } static inline void tty_audit_fork(struct signal_struct *sig) { } static inline int tty_audit_push(void) { return 0; } #endif /* tty_ioctl.c */ extern int n_tty_ioctl_helper(struct tty_struct *tty, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); /* vt.c */ extern int vt_ioctl(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); extern long vt_compat_ioctl(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); /* tty_mutex.c */ /* functions for preparation of BKL removal */ extern void tty_lock(struct tty_struct *tty); extern int tty_lock_interruptible(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_unlock(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_lock_slave(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_unlock_slave(struct tty_struct *tty); extern void tty_set_lock_subclass(struct tty_struct *tty); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS extern void proc_tty_register_driver(struct tty_driver *); extern void proc_tty_unregister_driver(struct tty_driver *); #else static inline void proc_tty_register_driver(struct tty_driver *d) {} static inline void proc_tty_unregister_driver(struct tty_driver *d) {} #endif #define tty_msg(fn, tty, f, ...) \ fn("%s %s: " f, tty_driver_name(tty), tty_name(tty), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define tty_debug(tty, f, ...) tty_msg(pr_debug, tty, f, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define tty_info(tty, f, ...) tty_msg(pr_info, tty, f, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define tty_notice(tty, f, ...) tty_msg(pr_notice, tty, f, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define tty_warn(tty, f, ...) tty_msg(pr_warn, tty, f, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define tty_err(tty, f, ...) tty_msg(pr_err, tty, f, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define tty_info_ratelimited(tty, f, ...) \ tty_msg(pr_info_ratelimited, tty, f, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * INETPEER - A storage for permanent information about peers * * Authors: Andrey V. Savochkin <saw@msu.ru> */ #ifndef _NET_INETPEER_H #define _NET_INETPEER_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> /* IPv4 address key for cache lookups */ struct ipv4_addr_key { __be32 addr; int vif; }; #define INETPEER_MAXKEYSZ (sizeof(struct in6_addr) / sizeof(u32)) struct inetpeer_addr { union { struct ipv4_addr_key a4; struct in6_addr a6; u32 key[INETPEER_MAXKEYSZ]; }; __u16 family; }; struct inet_peer { struct rb_node rb_node; struct inetpeer_addr daddr; u32 metrics[RTAX_MAX]; u32 rate_tokens; /* rate limiting for ICMP */ u32 n_redirects; unsigned long rate_last; /* * Once inet_peer is queued for deletion (refcnt == 0), following field * is not available: rid * We can share memory with rcu_head to help keep inet_peer small. */ union { struct { atomic_t rid; /* Frag reception counter */ }; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* following fields might be frequently dirtied */ __u32 dtime; /* the time of last use of not referenced entries */ refcount_t refcnt; }; struct inet_peer_base { struct rb_root rb_root; seqlock_t lock; int total; }; void inet_peer_base_init(struct inet_peer_base *); void inet_initpeers(void) __init; #define INETPEER_METRICS_NEW (~(u32) 0) static inline void inetpeer_set_addr_v4(struct inetpeer_addr *iaddr, __be32 ip) { iaddr->a4.addr = ip; iaddr->a4.vif = 0; iaddr->family = AF_INET; } static inline __be32 inetpeer_get_addr_v4(struct inetpeer_addr *iaddr) { return iaddr->a4.addr; } static inline void inetpeer_set_addr_v6(struct inetpeer_addr *iaddr, struct in6_addr *in6) { iaddr->a6 = *in6; iaddr->family = AF_INET6; } static inline struct in6_addr *inetpeer_get_addr_v6(struct inetpeer_addr *iaddr) { return &iaddr->a6; } /* can be called with or without local BH being disabled */ struct inet_peer *inet_getpeer(struct inet_peer_base *base, const struct inetpeer_addr *daddr, int create); static inline struct inet_peer *inet_getpeer_v4(struct inet_peer_base *base, __be32 v4daddr, int vif, int create) { struct inetpeer_addr daddr; daddr.a4.addr = v4daddr; daddr.a4.vif = vif; daddr.family = AF_INET; return inet_getpeer(base, &daddr, create); } static inline struct inet_peer *inet_getpeer_v6(struct inet_peer_base *base, const struct in6_addr *v6daddr, int create) { struct inetpeer_addr daddr; daddr.a6 = *v6daddr; daddr.family = AF_INET6; return inet_getpeer(base, &daddr, create); } static inline int inetpeer_addr_cmp(const struct inetpeer_addr *a, const struct inetpeer_addr *b) { int i, n; if (a->family == AF_INET) n = sizeof(a->a4) / sizeof(u32); else n = sizeof(a->a6) / sizeof(u32); for (i = 0; i < n; i++) { if (a->key[i] == b->key[i]) continue; if (a->key[i] < b->key[i]) return -1; return 1; } return 0; } /* can be called from BH context or outside */ void inet_putpeer(struct inet_peer *p); bool inet_peer_xrlim_allow(struct inet_peer *peer, int timeout); void inetpeer_invalidate_tree(struct inet_peer_base *); #endif /* _NET_INETPEER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/buffer_head.h * * Everything to do with buffer_heads. */ #ifndef _LINUX_BUFFER_HEAD_H #define _LINUX_BUFFER_HEAD_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK enum bh_state_bits { BH_Uptodate, /* Contains valid data */ BH_Dirty, /* Is dirty */ BH_Lock, /* Is locked */ BH_Req, /* Has been submitted for I/O */ BH_Mapped, /* Has a disk mapping */ BH_New, /* Disk mapping was newly created by get_block */ BH_Async_Read, /* Is under end_buffer_async_read I/O */ BH_Async_Write, /* Is under end_buffer_async_write I/O */ BH_Delay, /* Buffer is not yet allocated on disk */ BH_Boundary, /* Block is followed by a discontiguity */ BH_Write_EIO, /* I/O error on write */ BH_Unwritten, /* Buffer is allocated on disk but not written */ BH_Quiet, /* Buffer Error Prinks to be quiet */ BH_Meta, /* Buffer contains metadata */ BH_Prio, /* Buffer should be submitted with REQ_PRIO */ BH_Defer_Completion, /* Defer AIO completion to workqueue */ BH_PrivateStart,/* not a state bit, but the first bit available * for private allocation by other entities */ }; #define MAX_BUF_PER_PAGE (PAGE_SIZE / 512) struct page; struct buffer_head; struct address_space; typedef void (bh_end_io_t)(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); /* * Historically, a buffer_head was used to map a single block * within a page, and of course as the unit of I/O through the * filesystem and block layers. Nowadays the basic I/O unit * is the bio, and buffer_heads are used for extracting block * mappings (via a get_block_t call), for tracking state within * a page (via a page_mapping) and for wrapping bio submission * for backward compatibility reasons (e.g. submit_bh). */ struct buffer_head { unsigned long b_state; /* buffer state bitmap (see above) */ struct buffer_head *b_this_page;/* circular list of page's buffers */ struct page *b_page; /* the page this bh is mapped to */ sector_t b_blocknr; /* start block number */ size_t b_size; /* size of mapping */ char *b_data; /* pointer to data within the page */ struct block_device *b_bdev; bh_end_io_t *b_end_io; /* I/O completion */ void *b_private; /* reserved for b_end_io */ struct list_head b_assoc_buffers; /* associated with another mapping */ struct address_space *b_assoc_map; /* mapping this buffer is associated with */ atomic_t b_count; /* users using this buffer_head */ spinlock_t b_uptodate_lock; /* Used by the first bh in a page, to * serialise IO completion of other * buffers in the page */ }; /* * macro tricks to expand the set_buffer_foo(), clear_buffer_foo() * and buffer_foo() functions. * To avoid reset buffer flags that are already set, because that causes * a costly cache line transition, check the flag first. */ #define BUFFER_FNS(bit, name) \ static __always_inline void set_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ if (!test_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state)) \ set_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ static __always_inline void clear_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ clear_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ static __always_inline int buffer_##name(const struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ return test_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } /* * test_set_buffer_foo() and test_clear_buffer_foo() */ #define TAS_BUFFER_FNS(bit, name) \ static __always_inline int test_set_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ return test_and_set_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ static __always_inline int test_clear_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ return test_and_clear_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ /* * Emit the buffer bitops functions. Note that there are also functions * of the form "mark_buffer_foo()". These are higher-level functions which * do something in addition to setting a b_state bit. */ BUFFER_FNS(Uptodate, uptodate) BUFFER_FNS(Dirty, dirty) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(Dirty, dirty) BUFFER_FNS(Lock, locked) BUFFER_FNS(Req, req) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(Req, req) BUFFER_FNS(Mapped, mapped) BUFFER_FNS(New, new) BUFFER_FNS(Async_Read, async_read) BUFFER_FNS(Async_Write, async_write) BUFFER_FNS(Delay, delay) BUFFER_FNS(Boundary, boundary) BUFFER_FNS(Write_EIO, write_io_error) BUFFER_FNS(Unwritten, unwritten) BUFFER_FNS(Meta, meta) BUFFER_FNS(Prio, prio) BUFFER_FNS(Defer_Completion, defer_completion) #define bh_offset(bh) ((unsigned long)(bh)->b_data & ~PAGE_MASK) /* If we *know* page->private refers to buffer_heads */ #define page_buffers(page) \ ({ \ BUG_ON(!PagePrivate(page)); \ ((struct buffer_head *)page_private(page)); \ }) #define page_has_buffers(page) PagePrivate(page) void buffer_check_dirty_writeback(struct page *page, bool *dirty, bool *writeback); /* * Declarations */ void mark_buffer_dirty(struct buffer_head *bh); void mark_buffer_write_io_error(struct buffer_head *bh); void touch_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); void set_bh_page(struct buffer_head *bh, struct page *page, unsigned long offset); int try_to_free_buffers(struct page *); struct buffer_head *alloc_page_buffers(struct page *page, unsigned long size, bool retry); void create_empty_buffers(struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long b_state); void end_buffer_read_sync(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); void end_buffer_write_sync(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); void end_buffer_async_write(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); /* Things to do with buffers at mapping->private_list */ void mark_buffer_dirty_inode(struct buffer_head *bh, struct inode *inode); int inode_has_buffers(struct inode *); void invalidate_inode_buffers(struct inode *); int remove_inode_buffers(struct inode *inode); int sync_mapping_buffers(struct address_space *mapping); void clean_bdev_aliases(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, sector_t len); static inline void clean_bdev_bh_alias(struct buffer_head *bh) { clean_bdev_aliases(bh->b_bdev, bh->b_blocknr, 1); } void mark_buffer_async_write(struct buffer_head *bh); void __wait_on_buffer(struct buffer_head *); wait_queue_head_t *bh_waitq_head(struct buffer_head *bh); struct buffer_head *__find_get_block(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size); struct buffer_head *__getblk_gfp(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size, gfp_t gfp); void __brelse(struct buffer_head *); void __bforget(struct buffer_head *); void __breadahead(struct block_device *, sector_t block, unsigned int size); void __breadahead_gfp(struct block_device *, sector_t block, unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp); struct buffer_head *__bread_gfp(struct block_device *, sector_t block, unsigned size, gfp_t gfp); void invalidate_bh_lrus(void); struct buffer_head *alloc_buffer_head(gfp_t gfp_flags); void free_buffer_head(struct buffer_head * bh); void unlock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); void __lock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); void ll_rw_block(int, int, int, struct buffer_head * bh[]); int sync_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); int __sync_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags); void write_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags); int submit_bh(int, int, struct buffer_head *); void write_boundary_block(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t bblock, unsigned blocksize); int bh_uptodate_or_lock(struct buffer_head *bh); int bh_submit_read(struct buffer_head *bh); extern int buffer_heads_over_limit; /* * Generic address_space_operations implementations for buffer_head-backed * address_spaces. */ void block_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); int block_write_full_page(struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc); int __block_write_full_page(struct inode *inode, struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc, bh_end_io_t *handler); int block_read_full_page(struct page*, get_block_t*); int block_is_partially_uptodate(struct page *page, unsigned long from, unsigned long count); int block_write_begin(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, get_block_t *get_block); int __block_write_begin(struct page *page, loff_t pos, unsigned len, get_block_t *get_block); int block_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page *, void *); int generic_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page *, void *); void page_zero_new_buffers(struct page *page, unsigned from, unsigned to); void clean_page_buffers(struct page *page); int cont_write_begin(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page **, void **, get_block_t *, loff_t *); int generic_cont_expand_simple(struct inode *inode, loff_t size); int block_commit_write(struct page *page, unsigned from, unsigned to); int block_page_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf, get_block_t get_block); /* Convert errno to return value from ->page_mkwrite() call */ static inline vm_fault_t block_page_mkwrite_return(int err) { if (err == 0) return VM_FAULT_LOCKED; if (err == -EFAULT || err == -EAGAIN) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* -ENOSPC, -EDQUOT, -EIO ... */ return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } sector_t generic_block_bmap(struct address_space *, sector_t, get_block_t *); int block_truncate_page(struct address_space *, loff_t, get_block_t *); int nobh_write_begin(struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page **, void **, get_block_t*); int nobh_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page *, void *); int nobh_truncate_page(struct address_space *, loff_t, get_block_t *); int nobh_writepage(struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc); void buffer_init(void); /* * inline definitions */ static inline void get_bh(struct buffer_head *bh) { atomic_inc(&bh->b_count); } static inline void put_bh(struct buffer_head *bh) { smp_mb__before_atomic(); atomic_dec(&bh->b_count); } static inline void brelse(struct buffer_head *bh) { if (bh) __brelse(bh); } static inline void bforget(struct buffer_head *bh) { if (bh) __bforget(bh); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_bread(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __bread_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, __GFP_MOVABLE); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_bread_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __bread_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, 0); } static inline void sb_breadahead(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { __breadahead(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize); } static inline void sb_breadahead_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { __breadahead_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, 0); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_getblk(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __getblk_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, __GFP_MOVABLE); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_getblk_gfp(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, gfp_t gfp) { return __getblk_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, gfp); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_find_get_block(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __find_get_block(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize); } static inline void map_bh(struct buffer_head *bh, struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { set_buffer_mapped(bh); bh->b_bdev = sb->s_bdev; bh->b_blocknr = block; bh->b_size = sb->s_blocksize; } static inline void wait_on_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh) { might_sleep(); if (buffer_locked(bh)) __wait_on_buffer(bh); } static inline int trylock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh) { return likely(!test_and_set_bit_lock(BH_Lock, &bh->b_state)); } static inline void lock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh) { might_sleep(); if (!trylock_buffer(bh)) __lock_buffer(bh); } static inline struct buffer_head *getblk_unmovable(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size) { return __getblk_gfp(bdev, block, size, 0); } static inline struct buffer_head *__getblk(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size) { return __getblk_gfp(bdev, block, size, __GFP_MOVABLE); } /** * __bread() - reads a specified block and returns the bh * @bdev: the block_device to read from * @block: number of block * @size: size (in bytes) to read * * Reads a specified block, and returns buffer head that contains it. * The page cache is allocated from movable area so that it can be migrated. * It returns NULL if the block was unreadable. */ static inline struct buffer_head * __bread(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size) { return __bread_gfp(bdev, block, size, __GFP_MOVABLE); } extern int __set_page_dirty_buffers(struct page *page); #else /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ static inline void buffer_init(void) {} static inline int try_to_free_buffers(struct page *page) { return 1; } static inline int inode_has_buffers(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline void invalidate_inode_buffers(struct inode *inode) {} static inline int remove_inode_buffers(struct inode *inode) { return 1; } static inline int sync_mapping_buffers(struct address_space *mapping) { return 0; } #define buffer_heads_over_limit 0 #endif /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ #endif /* _LINUX_BUFFER_HEAD_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM printk #if !defined(_TRACE_PRINTK_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_PRINTK_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(console, TP_PROTO(const char *text, size_t len), TP_ARGS(text, len), TP_STRUCT__entry( __dynamic_array(char, msg, len + 1) ), TP_fast_assign( /* * Each trace entry is printed in a new line. * If the msg finishes with '\n', cut it off * to avoid blank lines in the trace. */ if ((len > 0) && (text[len-1] == '\n')) len -= 1; memcpy(__get_str(msg), text, len); __get_str(msg)[len] = 0; ), TP_printk("%s", __get_str(msg)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_PRINTK_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_DST_METADATA_H #define __NET_DST_METADATA_H 1 #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/ip_tunnels.h> #include <net/dst.h> enum metadata_type { METADATA_IP_TUNNEL, METADATA_HW_PORT_MUX, }; struct hw_port_info { struct net_device *lower_dev; u32 port_id; }; struct metadata_dst { struct dst_entry dst; enum metadata_type type; union { struct ip_tunnel_info tun_info; struct hw_port_info port_info; } u; }; static inline struct metadata_dst *skb_metadata_dst(const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct metadata_dst *md_dst = (struct metadata_dst *) skb_dst(skb); if (md_dst && md_dst->dst.flags & DST_METADATA) return md_dst; return NULL; } static inline struct ip_tunnel_info * skb_tunnel_info(const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct metadata_dst *md_dst = skb_metadata_dst(skb); struct dst_entry *dst; if (md_dst && md_dst->type == METADATA_IP_TUNNEL) return &md_dst->u.tun_info; dst = skb_dst(skb); if (dst && dst->lwtstate && (dst->lwtstate->type == LWTUNNEL_ENCAP_IP || dst->lwtstate->type == LWTUNNEL_ENCAP_IP6)) return lwt_tun_info(dst->lwtstate); return NULL; } static inline bool skb_valid_dst(const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb); return dst && !(dst->flags & DST_METADATA); } static inline int skb_metadata_dst_cmp(const struct sk_buff *skb_a, const struct sk_buff *skb_b) { const struct metadata_dst *a, *b; if (!(skb_a->_skb_refdst | skb_b->_skb_refdst)) return 0; a = (const struct metadata_dst *) skb_dst(skb_a); b = (const struct metadata_dst *) skb_dst(skb_b); if (!a != !b || a->type != b->type) return 1; switch (a->type) { case METADATA_HW_PORT_MUX: return memcmp(&a->u.port_info, &b->u.port_info, sizeof(a->u.port_info)); case METADATA_IP_TUNNEL: return memcmp(&a->u.tun_info, &b->u.tun_info, sizeof(a->u.tun_info) + a->u.tun_info.options_len); default: return 1; } } void metadata_dst_free(struct metadata_dst *); struct metadata_dst *metadata_dst_alloc(u8 optslen, enum metadata_type type, gfp_t flags); void metadata_dst_free_percpu(struct metadata_dst __percpu *md_dst); struct metadata_dst __percpu * metadata_dst_alloc_percpu(u8 optslen, enum metadata_type type, gfp_t flags); static inline struct metadata_dst *tun_rx_dst(int md_size) { struct metadata_dst *tun_dst; tun_dst = metadata_dst_alloc(md_size, METADATA_IP_TUNNEL, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!tun_dst) return NULL; tun_dst->u.tun_info.options_len = 0; tun_dst->u.tun_info.mode = 0; return tun_dst; } static inline struct metadata_dst *tun_dst_unclone(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct metadata_dst *md_dst = skb_metadata_dst(skb); int md_size; struct metadata_dst *new_md; if (!md_dst || md_dst->type != METADATA_IP_TUNNEL) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); md_size = md_dst->u.tun_info.options_len; new_md = metadata_dst_alloc(md_size, METADATA_IP_TUNNEL, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!new_md) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); memcpy(&new_md->u.tun_info, &md_dst->u.tun_info, sizeof(struct ip_tunnel_info) + md_size); skb_dst_drop(skb); dst_hold(&new_md->dst); skb_dst_set(skb, &new_md->dst); return new_md; } static inline struct ip_tunnel_info *skb_tunnel_info_unclone(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct metadata_dst *dst; dst = tun_dst_unclone(skb); if (IS_ERR(dst)) return NULL; return &dst->u.tun_info; } static inline struct metadata_dst *__ip_tun_set_dst(__be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __u8 tos, __u8 ttl, __be16 tp_dst, __be16 flags, __be64 tunnel_id, int md_size) { struct metadata_dst *tun_dst; tun_dst = tun_rx_dst(md_size); if (!tun_dst) return NULL; ip_tunnel_key_init(&tun_dst->u.tun_info.key, saddr, daddr, tos, ttl, 0, 0, tp_dst, tunnel_id, flags); return tun_dst; } static inline struct metadata_dst *ip_tun_rx_dst(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 flags, __be64 tunnel_id, int md_size) { const struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb); return __ip_tun_set_dst(iph->saddr, iph->daddr, iph->tos, iph->ttl, 0, flags, tunnel_id, md_size); } static inline struct metadata_dst *__ipv6_tun_set_dst(const struct in6_addr *saddr, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __u8 tos, __u8 ttl, __be16 tp_dst, __be32 label, __be16 flags, __be64 tunnel_id, int md_size) { struct metadata_dst *tun_dst; struct ip_tunnel_info *info; tun_dst = tun_rx_dst(md_size); if (!tun_dst) return NULL; info = &tun_dst->u.tun_info; info->mode = IP_TUNNEL_INFO_IPV6; info->key.tun_flags = flags; info->key.tun_id = tunnel_id; info->key.tp_src = 0; info->key.tp_dst = tp_dst; info->key.u.ipv6.src = *saddr; info->key.u.ipv6.dst = *daddr; info->key.tos = tos; info->key.ttl = ttl; info->key.label = label; return tun_dst; } static inline struct metadata_dst *ipv6_tun_rx_dst(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 flags, __be64 tunnel_id, int md_size) { const struct ipv6hdr *ip6h = ipv6_hdr(skb); return __ipv6_tun_set_dst(&ip6h->saddr, &ip6h->daddr, ipv6_get_dsfield(ip6h), ip6h->hop_limit, 0, ip6_flowlabel(ip6h), flags, tunnel_id, md_size); } #endif /* __NET_DST_METADATA_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Authors: ThiƩbaud Weksteen <tweek@google.com> * Peter Enderborg <Peter.Enderborg@sony.com> */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM avc #if !defined(_TRACE_SELINUX_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_SELINUX_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(selinux_audited, TP_PROTO(struct selinux_audit_data *sad, char *scontext, char *tcontext, const char *tclass ), TP_ARGS(sad, scontext, tcontext, tclass), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(u32, requested) __field(u32, denied) __field(u32, audited) __field(int, result) __string(scontext, scontext) __string(tcontext, tcontext) __string(tclass, tclass) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->requested = sad->requested; __entry->denied = sad->denied; __entry->audited = sad->audited; __entry->result = sad->result; __assign_str(tcontext, tcontext); __assign_str(scontext, scontext); __assign_str(tclass, tclass); ), TP_printk("requested=0x%x denied=0x%x audited=0x%x result=%d scontext=%s tcontext=%s tclass=%s", __entry->requested, __entry->denied, __entry->audited, __entry->result, __get_str(scontext), __get_str(tcontext), __get_str(tclass) ) ); #endif /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 /* * include/linux/topology.h * * Written by: Matthew Dobson, IBM Corporation * * Copyright (C) 2002, IBM Corp. * * All rights reserved. * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or * (at your option) any later version. * * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for more * details. * * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. * * Send feedback to <colpatch@us.ibm.com> */ #ifndef _LINUX_TOPOLOGY_H #define _LINUX_TOPOLOGY_H #include <linux/arch_topology.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/smp.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <asm/topology.h> #ifndef nr_cpus_node #define nr_cpus_node(node) cpumask_weight(cpumask_of_node(node)) #endif #define for_each_node_with_cpus(node) \ for_each_online_node(node) \ if (nr_cpus_node(node)) int arch_update_cpu_topology(void); /* Conform to ACPI 2.0 SLIT distance definitions */ #define LOCAL_DISTANCE 10 #define REMOTE_DISTANCE 20 #ifndef node_distance #define node_distance(from,to) ((from) == (to) ? LOCAL_DISTANCE : REMOTE_DISTANCE) #endif #ifndef RECLAIM_DISTANCE /* * If the distance between nodes in a system is larger than RECLAIM_DISTANCE * (in whatever arch specific measurement units returned by node_distance()) * and node_reclaim_mode is enabled then the VM will only call node_reclaim() * on nodes within this distance. */ #define RECLAIM_DISTANCE 30 #endif /* * The following tunable allows platforms to override the default node * reclaim distance (RECLAIM_DISTANCE) if remote memory accesses are * sufficiently fast that the default value actually hurts * performance. * * AMD EPYC machines use this because even though the 2-hop distance * is 32 (3.2x slower than a local memory access) performance actually * *improves* if allowed to reclaim memory and load balance tasks * between NUMA nodes 2-hops apart. */ extern int __read_mostly node_reclaim_distance; #ifndef PENALTY_FOR_NODE_WITH_CPUS #define PENALTY_FOR_NODE_WITH_CPUS (1) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_USE_PERCPU_NUMA_NODE_ID DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, numa_node); #ifndef numa_node_id /* Returns the number of the current Node. */ static inline int numa_node_id(void) { return raw_cpu_read(numa_node); } #endif #ifndef cpu_to_node static inline int cpu_to_node(int cpu) { return per_cpu(numa_node, cpu); } #endif #ifndef set_numa_node static inline void set_numa_node(int node) { this_cpu_write(numa_node, node); } #endif #ifndef set_cpu_numa_node static inline void set_cpu_numa_node(int cpu, int node) { per_cpu(numa_node, cpu) = node; } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_USE_PERCPU_NUMA_NODE_ID */ /* Returns the number of the current Node. */ #ifndef numa_node_id static inline int numa_node_id(void) { return cpu_to_node(raw_smp_processor_id()); } #endif #endif /* [!]CONFIG_USE_PERCPU_NUMA_NODE_ID */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_MEMORYLESS_NODES /* * N.B., Do NOT reference the '_numa_mem_' per cpu variable directly. * It will not be defined when CONFIG_HAVE_MEMORYLESS_NODES is not defined. * Use the accessor functions set_numa_mem(), numa_mem_id() and cpu_to_mem(). */ DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, _numa_mem_); #ifndef set_numa_mem static inline void set_numa_mem(int node) { this_cpu_write(_numa_mem_, node); } #endif #ifndef numa_mem_id /* Returns the number of the nearest Node with memory */ static inline int numa_mem_id(void) { return raw_cpu_read(_numa_mem_); } #endif #ifndef cpu_to_mem static inline int cpu_to_mem(int cpu) { return per_cpu(_numa_mem_, cpu); } #endif #ifndef set_cpu_numa_mem static inline void set_cpu_numa_mem(int cpu, int node) { per_cpu(_numa_mem_, cpu) = node; } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_HAVE_MEMORYLESS_NODES */ #ifndef numa_mem_id /* Returns the number of the nearest Node with memory */ static inline int numa_mem_id(void) { return numa_node_id(); } #endif #ifndef cpu_to_mem static inline int cpu_to_mem(int cpu) { return cpu_to_node(cpu); } #endif #endif /* [!]CONFIG_HAVE_MEMORYLESS_NODES */ #ifndef topology_physical_package_id #define topology_physical_package_id(cpu) ((void)(cpu), -1) #endif #ifndef topology_die_id #define topology_die_id(cpu) ((void)(cpu), -1) #endif #ifndef topology_core_id #define topology_core_id(cpu) ((void)(cpu), 0) #endif #ifndef topology_sibling_cpumask #define topology_sibling_cpumask(cpu) cpumask_of(cpu) #endif #ifndef topology_core_cpumask #define topology_core_cpumask(cpu) cpumask_of(cpu) #endif #ifndef topology_die_cpumask #define topology_die_cpumask(cpu) cpumask_of(cpu) #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SCHED_SMT) && !defined(cpu_smt_mask) static inline const struct cpumask *cpu_smt_mask(int cpu) { return topology_sibling_cpumask(cpu); } #endif static inline const struct cpumask *cpu_cpu_mask(int cpu) { return cpumask_of_node(cpu_to_node(cpu)); } #endif /* _LINUX_TOPOLOGY_H */
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3422 3423 3424 3425 3426 3427 3428 3429 3430 3431 3432 3433 3434 3435 3436 3437 3438 3439 3440 3441 3442 3443 3444 3445 3446 3447 3448 3449 3450 3451 3452 3453 3454 3455 3456 3457 3458 3459 3460 3461 3462 3463 3464 3465 3466 3467 3468 3469 3470 3471 3472 3473 3474 3475 3476 3477 3478 3479 3480 3481 3482 3483 3484 3485 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_H #define _LINUX_FS_H #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/wait_bit.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/path.h> #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/list_lru.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/xarray.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/pid.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/semaphore.h> #include <linux/fcntl.h> #include <linux/rculist_bl.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/migrate_mode.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/delayed_call.h> #include <linux/uuid.h> #include <linux/errseq.h> #include <linux/ioprio.h> #include <linux/fs_types.h> #include <linux/build_bug.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include <uapi/linux/fs.h> struct backing_dev_info; struct bdi_writeback; struct bio; struct export_operations; struct fiemap_extent_info; struct hd_geometry; struct iovec; struct kiocb; struct kobject; struct pipe_inode_info; struct poll_table_struct; struct kstatfs; struct vm_area_struct; struct vfsmount; struct cred; struct swap_info_struct; struct seq_file; struct workqueue_struct; struct iov_iter; struct fscrypt_info; struct fscrypt_operations; struct fsverity_info; struct fsverity_operations; struct fs_context; struct fs_parameter_spec; extern void __init inode_init(void); extern void __init inode_init_early(void); extern void __init files_init(void); extern void __init files_maxfiles_init(void); extern struct files_stat_struct files_stat; extern unsigned long get_max_files(void); extern unsigned int sysctl_nr_open; extern struct inodes_stat_t inodes_stat; extern int leases_enable, lease_break_time; extern int sysctl_protected_symlinks; extern int sysctl_protected_hardlinks; extern int sysctl_protected_fifos; extern int sysctl_protected_regular; typedef __kernel_rwf_t rwf_t; struct buffer_head; typedef int (get_block_t)(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); typedef int (dio_iodone_t)(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset, ssize_t bytes, void *private); #define MAY_EXEC 0x00000001 #define MAY_WRITE 0x00000002 #define MAY_READ 0x00000004 #define MAY_APPEND 0x00000008 #define MAY_ACCESS 0x00000010 #define MAY_OPEN 0x00000020 #define MAY_CHDIR 0x00000040 /* called from RCU mode, don't block */ #define MAY_NOT_BLOCK 0x00000080 /* * flags in file.f_mode. Note that FMODE_READ and FMODE_WRITE must correspond * to O_WRONLY and O_RDWR via the strange trick in do_dentry_open() */ /* file is open for reading */ #define FMODE_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x1) /* file is open for writing */ #define FMODE_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x2) /* file is seekable */ #define FMODE_LSEEK ((__force fmode_t)0x4) /* file can be accessed using pread */ #define FMODE_PREAD ((__force fmode_t)0x8) /* file can be accessed using pwrite */ #define FMODE_PWRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x10) /* File is opened for execution with sys_execve / sys_uselib */ #define FMODE_EXEC ((__force fmode_t)0x20) /* File is opened with O_NDELAY (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_NDELAY ((__force fmode_t)0x40) /* File is opened with O_EXCL (only set for block devices) */ #define FMODE_EXCL ((__force fmode_t)0x80) /* File is opened using open(.., 3, ..) and is writeable only for ioctls (specialy hack for floppy.c) */ #define FMODE_WRITE_IOCTL ((__force fmode_t)0x100) /* 32bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_32BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x200) /* 64bit hashes as llseek() offset (for directories) */ #define FMODE_64BITHASH ((__force fmode_t)0x400) /* * Don't update ctime and mtime. * * Currently a special hack for the XFS open_by_handle ioctl, but we'll * hopefully graduate it to a proper O_CMTIME flag supported by open(2) soon. */ #define FMODE_NOCMTIME ((__force fmode_t)0x800) /* Expect random access pattern */ #define FMODE_RANDOM ((__force fmode_t)0x1000) /* File is huge (eg. /dev/kmem): treat loff_t as unsigned */ #define FMODE_UNSIGNED_OFFSET ((__force fmode_t)0x2000) /* File is opened with O_PATH; almost nothing can be done with it */ #define FMODE_PATH ((__force fmode_t)0x4000) /* File needs atomic accesses to f_pos */ #define FMODE_ATOMIC_POS ((__force fmode_t)0x8000) /* Write access to underlying fs */ #define FMODE_WRITER ((__force fmode_t)0x10000) /* Has read method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_READ ((__force fmode_t)0x20000) /* Has write method(s) */ #define FMODE_CAN_WRITE ((__force fmode_t)0x40000) #define FMODE_OPENED ((__force fmode_t)0x80000) #define FMODE_CREATED ((__force fmode_t)0x100000) /* File is stream-like */ #define FMODE_STREAM ((__force fmode_t)0x200000) /* File was opened by fanotify and shouldn't generate fanotify events */ #define FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force fmode_t)0x4000000) /* File is capable of returning -EAGAIN if I/O will block */ #define FMODE_NOWAIT ((__force fmode_t)0x8000000) /* File represents mount that needs unmounting */ #define FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x10000000) /* File does not contribute to nr_files count */ #define FMODE_NOACCOUNT ((__force fmode_t)0x20000000) /* File supports async buffered reads */ #define FMODE_BUF_RASYNC ((__force fmode_t)0x40000000) /* * Attribute flags. These should be or-ed together to figure out what * has been changed! */ #define ATTR_MODE (1 << 0) #define ATTR_UID (1 << 1) #define ATTR_GID (1 << 2) #define ATTR_SIZE (1 << 3) #define ATTR_ATIME (1 << 4) #define ATTR_MTIME (1 << 5) #define ATTR_CTIME (1 << 6) #define ATTR_ATIME_SET (1 << 7) #define ATTR_MTIME_SET (1 << 8) #define ATTR_FORCE (1 << 9) /* Not a change, but a change it */ #define ATTR_KILL_SUID (1 << 11) #define ATTR_KILL_SGID (1 << 12) #define ATTR_FILE (1 << 13) #define ATTR_KILL_PRIV (1 << 14) #define ATTR_OPEN (1 << 15) /* Truncating from open(O_TRUNC) */ #define ATTR_TIMES_SET (1 << 16) #define ATTR_TOUCH (1 << 17) /* * Whiteout is represented by a char device. The following constants define the * mode and device number to use. */ #define WHITEOUT_MODE 0 #define WHITEOUT_DEV 0 /* * This is the Inode Attributes structure, used for notify_change(). It * uses the above definitions as flags, to know which values have changed. * Also, in this manner, a Filesystem can look at only the values it cares * about. Basically, these are the attributes that the VFS layer can * request to change from the FS layer. * * Derek Atkins <warlord@MIT.EDU> 94-10-20 */ struct iattr { unsigned int ia_valid; umode_t ia_mode; kuid_t ia_uid; kgid_t ia_gid; loff_t ia_size; struct timespec64 ia_atime; struct timespec64 ia_mtime; struct timespec64 ia_ctime; /* * Not an attribute, but an auxiliary info for filesystems wanting to * implement an ftruncate() like method. NOTE: filesystem should * check for (ia_valid & ATTR_FILE), and not for (ia_file != NULL). */ struct file *ia_file; }; /* * Includes for diskquotas. */ #include <linux/quota.h> /* * Maximum number of layers of fs stack. Needs to be limited to * prevent kernel stack overflow */ #define FILESYSTEM_MAX_STACK_DEPTH 2 /** * enum positive_aop_returns - aop return codes with specific semantics * * @AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE: Informs the caller that page writeback has * completed, that the page is still locked, and * should be considered active. The VM uses this hint * to return the page to the active list -- it won't * be a candidate for writeback again in the near * future. Other callers must be careful to unlock * the page if they get this return. Returned by * writepage(); * * @AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE: The AOP method that was handed a locked page has * unlocked it and the page might have been truncated. * The caller should back up to acquiring a new page and * trying again. The aop will be taking reasonable * precautions not to livelock. If the caller held a page * reference, it should drop it before retrying. Returned * by readpage(). * * address_space_operation functions return these large constants to indicate * special semantics to the caller. These are much larger than the bytes in a * page to allow for functions that return the number of bytes operated on in a * given page. */ enum positive_aop_returns { AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE = 0x80000, AOP_TRUNCATED_PAGE = 0x80001, }; #define AOP_FLAG_CONT_EXPAND 0x0001 /* called from cont_expand */ #define AOP_FLAG_NOFS 0x0002 /* used by filesystem to direct * helper code (eg buffer layer) * to clear GFP_FS from alloc */ /* * oh the beauties of C type declarations. */ struct page; struct address_space; struct writeback_control; struct readahead_control; /* * Write life time hint values. * Stored in struct inode as u8. */ enum rw_hint { WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET = 0, WRITE_LIFE_NONE = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_NONE, WRITE_LIFE_SHORT = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_SHORT, WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_MEDIUM, WRITE_LIFE_LONG = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_LONG, WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME = RWH_WRITE_LIFE_EXTREME, }; /* Match RWF_* bits to IOCB bits */ #define IOCB_HIPRI (__force int) RWF_HIPRI #define IOCB_DSYNC (__force int) RWF_DSYNC #define IOCB_SYNC (__force int) RWF_SYNC #define IOCB_NOWAIT (__force int) RWF_NOWAIT #define IOCB_APPEND (__force int) RWF_APPEND /* non-RWF related bits - start at 16 */ #define IOCB_EVENTFD (1 << 16) #define IOCB_DIRECT (1 << 17) #define IOCB_WRITE (1 << 18) /* iocb->ki_waitq is valid */ #define IOCB_WAITQ (1 << 19) #define IOCB_NOIO (1 << 20) struct kiocb { struct file *ki_filp; /* The 'ki_filp' pointer is shared in a union for aio */ randomized_struct_fields_start loff_t ki_pos; void (*ki_complete)(struct kiocb *iocb, long ret, long ret2); void *private; int ki_flags; u16 ki_hint; u16 ki_ioprio; /* See linux/ioprio.h */ union { unsigned int ki_cookie; /* for ->iopoll */ struct wait_page_queue *ki_waitq; /* for async buffered IO */ }; randomized_struct_fields_end }; static inline bool is_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb) { return kiocb->ki_complete == NULL; } /* * "descriptor" for what we're up to with a read. * This allows us to use the same read code yet * have multiple different users of the data that * we read from a file. * * The simplest case just copies the data to user * mode. */ typedef struct { size_t written; size_t count; union { char __user *buf; void *data; } arg; int error; } read_descriptor_t; typedef int (*read_actor_t)(read_descriptor_t *, struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long); struct address_space_operations { int (*writepage)(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc); int (*readpage)(struct file *, struct page *); /* Write back some dirty pages from this mapping. */ int (*writepages)(struct address_space *, struct writeback_control *); /* Set a page dirty. Return true if this dirtied it */ int (*set_page_dirty)(struct page *page); /* * Reads in the requested pages. Unlike ->readpage(), this is * PURELY used for read-ahead!. */ int (*readpages)(struct file *filp, struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages, unsigned nr_pages); void (*readahead)(struct readahead_control *); int (*write_begin)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int (*write_end)(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /* Unfortunately this kludge is needed for FIBMAP. Don't use it */ sector_t (*bmap)(struct address_space *, sector_t); void (*invalidatepage) (struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); int (*releasepage) (struct page *, gfp_t); void (*freepage)(struct page *); ssize_t (*direct_IO)(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *iter); /* * migrate the contents of a page to the specified target. If * migrate_mode is MIGRATE_ASYNC, it must not block. */ int (*migratepage) (struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); bool (*isolate_page)(struct page *, isolate_mode_t); void (*putback_page)(struct page *); int (*launder_page) (struct page *); int (*is_partially_uptodate) (struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long); void (*is_dirty_writeback) (struct page *, bool *, bool *); int (*error_remove_page)(struct address_space *, struct page *); /* swapfile support */ int (*swap_activate)(struct swap_info_struct *sis, struct file *file, sector_t *span); void (*swap_deactivate)(struct file *file); }; extern const struct address_space_operations empty_aops; /* * pagecache_write_begin/pagecache_write_end must be used by general code * to write into the pagecache. */ int pagecache_write_begin(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); int pagecache_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); /** * struct address_space - Contents of a cacheable, mappable object. * @host: Owner, either the inode or the block_device. * @i_pages: Cached pages. * @gfp_mask: Memory allocation flags to use for allocating pages. * @i_mmap_writable: Number of VM_SHARED mappings. * @nr_thps: Number of THPs in the pagecache (non-shmem only). * @i_mmap: Tree of private and shared mappings. * @i_mmap_rwsem: Protects @i_mmap and @i_mmap_writable. * @nrpages: Number of page entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @nrexceptional: Shadow or DAX entries, protected by the i_pages lock. * @writeback_index: Writeback starts here. * @a_ops: Methods. * @flags: Error bits and flags (AS_*). * @wb_err: The most recent error which has occurred. * @private_lock: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_list: For use by the owner of the address_space. * @private_data: For use by the owner of the address_space. */ struct address_space { struct inode *host; struct xarray i_pages; gfp_t gfp_mask; atomic_t i_mmap_writable; #ifdef CONFIG_READ_ONLY_THP_FOR_FS /* number of thp, only for non-shmem files */ atomic_t nr_thps; #endif struct rb_root_cached i_mmap; struct rw_semaphore i_mmap_rwsem; unsigned long nrpages; unsigned long nrexceptional; pgoff_t writeback_index; const struct address_space_operations *a_ops; unsigned long flags; errseq_t wb_err; spinlock_t private_lock; struct list_head private_list; void *private_data; } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long)))) __randomize_layout; /* * On most architectures that alignment is already the case; but * must be enforced here for CRIS, to let the least significant bit * of struct page's "mapping" pointer be used for PAGE_MAPPING_ANON. */ /* XArray tags, for tagging dirty and writeback pages in the pagecache. */ #define PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY XA_MARK_0 #define PAGECACHE_TAG_WRITEBACK XA_MARK_1 #define PAGECACHE_TAG_TOWRITE XA_MARK_2 /* * Returns true if any of the pages in the mapping are marked with the tag. */ static inline bool mapping_tagged(struct address_space *mapping, xa_mark_t tag) { return xa_marked(&mapping->i_pages, tag); } static inline void i_mmap_lock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { down_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline int i_mmap_trylock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { return down_write_trylock(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_unlock_write(struct address_space *mapping) { up_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_lock_read(struct address_space *mapping) { down_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_unlock_read(struct address_space *mapping) { up_read(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_assert_locked(struct address_space *mapping) { lockdep_assert_held(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } static inline void i_mmap_assert_write_locked(struct address_space *mapping) { lockdep_assert_held_write(&mapping->i_mmap_rwsem); } /* * Might pages of this file be mapped into userspace? */ static inline int mapping_mapped(struct address_space *mapping) { return !RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root); } /* * Might pages of this file have been modified in userspace? * Note that i_mmap_writable counts all VM_SHARED vmas: do_mmap * marks vma as VM_SHARED if it is shared, and the file was opened for * writing i.e. vma may be mprotected writable even if now readonly. * * If i_mmap_writable is negative, no new writable mappings are allowed. You * can only deny writable mappings, if none exists right now. */ static inline int mapping_writably_mapped(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_read(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) > 0; } static inline int mapping_map_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_inc_unless_negative(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ? 0 : -EPERM; } static inline void mapping_unmap_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { atomic_dec(&mapping->i_mmap_writable); } static inline int mapping_deny_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { return atomic_dec_unless_positive(&mapping->i_mmap_writable) ? 0 : -EBUSY; } static inline void mapping_allow_writable(struct address_space *mapping) { atomic_inc(&mapping->i_mmap_writable); } /* * Use sequence counter to get consistent i_size on 32-bit processors. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) #include <linux/seqlock.h> #define __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED #define i_size_ordered_init(inode) seqcount_init(&inode->i_size_seqcount) #else #define i_size_ordered_init(inode) do { } while (0) #endif struct posix_acl; #define ACL_NOT_CACHED ((void *)(-1)) #define ACL_DONT_CACHE ((void *)(-3)) static inline struct posix_acl * uncached_acl_sentinel(struct task_struct *task) { return (void *)task + 1; } static inline bool is_uncached_acl(struct posix_acl *acl) { return (long)acl & 1; } #define IOP_FASTPERM 0x0001 #define IOP_LOOKUP 0x0002 #define IOP_NOFOLLOW 0x0004 #define IOP_XATTR 0x0008 #define IOP_DEFAULT_READLINK 0x0010 struct fsnotify_mark_connector; /* * Keep mostly read-only and often accessed (especially for * the RCU path lookup and 'stat' data) fields at the beginning * of the 'struct inode' */ struct inode { umode_t i_mode; unsigned short i_opflags; kuid_t i_uid; kgid_t i_gid; unsigned int i_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL struct posix_acl *i_acl; struct posix_acl *i_default_acl; #endif const struct inode_operations *i_op; struct super_block *i_sb; struct address_space *i_mapping; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *i_security; #endif /* Stat data, not accessed from path walking */ unsigned long i_ino; /* * Filesystems may only read i_nlink directly. They shall use the * following functions for modification: * * (set|clear|inc|drop)_nlink * inode_(inc|dec)_link_count */ union { const unsigned int i_nlink; unsigned int __i_nlink; }; dev_t i_rdev; loff_t i_size; struct timespec64 i_atime; struct timespec64 i_mtime; struct timespec64 i_ctime; spinlock_t i_lock; /* i_blocks, i_bytes, maybe i_size */ unsigned short i_bytes; u8 i_blkbits; u8 i_write_hint; blkcnt_t i_blocks; #ifdef __NEED_I_SIZE_ORDERED seqcount_t i_size_seqcount; #endif /* Misc */ unsigned long i_state; struct rw_semaphore i_rwsem; unsigned long dirtied_when; /* jiffies of first dirtying */ unsigned long dirtied_time_when; struct hlist_node i_hash; struct list_head i_io_list; /* backing dev IO list */ #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK struct bdi_writeback *i_wb; /* the associated cgroup wb */ /* foreign inode detection, see wbc_detach_inode() */ int i_wb_frn_winner; u16 i_wb_frn_avg_time; u16 i_wb_frn_history; #endif struct list_head i_lru; /* inode LRU list */ struct list_head i_sb_list; struct list_head i_wb_list; /* backing dev writeback list */ union { struct hlist_head i_dentry; struct rcu_head i_rcu; }; atomic64_t i_version; atomic64_t i_sequence; /* see futex */ atomic_t i_count; atomic_t i_dio_count; atomic_t i_writecount; #if defined(CONFIG_IMA) || defined(CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING) atomic_t i_readcount; /* struct files open RO */ #endif union { const struct file_operations *i_fop; /* former ->i_op->default_file_ops */ void (*free_inode)(struct inode *); }; struct file_lock_context *i_flctx; struct address_space i_data; struct list_head i_devices; union { struct pipe_inode_info *i_pipe; struct block_device *i_bdev; struct cdev *i_cdev; char *i_link; unsigned i_dir_seq; }; __u32 i_generation; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY __u32 i_fsnotify_mask; /* all events this inode cares about */ struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *i_fsnotify_marks; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION struct fscrypt_info *i_crypt_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY struct fsverity_info *i_verity_info; #endif void *i_private; /* fs or device private pointer */ } __randomize_layout; struct timespec64 timestamp_truncate(struct timespec64 t, struct inode *inode); static inline unsigned int i_blocksize(const struct inode *node) { return (1 << node->i_blkbits); } static inline int inode_unhashed(struct inode *inode) { return hlist_unhashed(&inode->i_hash); } /* * __mark_inode_dirty expects inodes to be hashed. Since we don't * want special inodes in the fileset inode space, we make them * appear hashed, but do not put on any lists. hlist_del() * will work fine and require no locking. */ static inline void inode_fake_hash(struct inode *inode) { hlist_add_fake(&inode->i_hash); } /* * inode->i_mutex nesting subclasses for the lock validator: * * 0: the object of the current VFS operation * 1: parent * 2: child/target * 3: xattr * 4: second non-directory * 5: second parent (when locking independent directories in rename) * * I_MUTEX_NONDIR2 is for certain operations (such as rename) which lock two * non-directories at once. * * The locking order between these classes is * parent[2] -> child -> grandchild -> normal -> xattr -> second non-directory */ enum inode_i_mutex_lock_class { I_MUTEX_NORMAL, I_MUTEX_PARENT, I_MUTEX_CHILD, I_MUTEX_XATTR, I_MUTEX_NONDIR2, I_MUTEX_PARENT2, }; static inline void inode_lock(struct inode *inode) { down_write(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_unlock(struct inode *inode) { up_write(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_lock_shared(struct inode *inode) { down_read(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_unlock_shared(struct inode *inode) { up_read(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_trylock(struct inode *inode) { return down_write_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_trylock_shared(struct inode *inode) { return down_read_trylock(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline int inode_is_locked(struct inode *inode) { return rwsem_is_locked(&inode->i_rwsem); } static inline void inode_lock_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass) { down_write_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass); } static inline void inode_lock_shared_nested(struct inode *inode, unsigned subclass) { down_read_nested(&inode->i_rwsem, subclass); } void lock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*); void unlock_two_nondirectories(struct inode *, struct inode*); /* * NOTE: in a 32bit arch with a preemptable kernel and * an UP compile the i_size_read/write must be atomic * with respect to the local cpu (unlike with preempt disabled), * but they don't need to be atomic with respect to other cpus like in * true SMP (so they need either to either locally disable irq around * the read or for example on x86 they can be still implemented as a * cmpxchg8b without the need of the lock prefix). For SMP compiles * and 64bit archs it makes no difference if preempt is enabled or not. */ static inline loff_t i_size_read(const struct inode *inode) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) loff_t i_size; unsigned int seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount); i_size = inode->i_size; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&inode->i_size_seqcount, seq)); return i_size; #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) loff_t i_size; preempt_disable(); i_size = inode->i_size; preempt_enable(); return i_size; #else return inode->i_size; #endif } /* * NOTE: unlike i_size_read(), i_size_write() does need locking around it * (normally i_mutex), otherwise on 32bit/SMP an update of i_size_seqcount * can be lost, resulting in subsequent i_size_read() calls spinning forever. */ static inline void i_size_write(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_size) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) preempt_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount); inode->i_size = i_size; write_seqcount_end(&inode->i_size_seqcount); preempt_enable(); #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) preempt_disable(); inode->i_size = i_size; preempt_enable(); #else inode->i_size = i_size; #endif } static inline unsigned iminor(const struct inode *inode) { return MINOR(inode->i_rdev); } static inline unsigned imajor(const struct inode *inode) { return MAJOR(inode->i_rdev); } struct fown_struct { rwlock_t lock; /* protects pid, uid, euid fields */ struct pid *pid; /* pid or -pgrp where SIGIO should be sent */ enum pid_type pid_type; /* Kind of process group SIGIO should be sent to */ kuid_t uid, euid; /* uid/euid of process setting the owner */ int signum; /* posix.1b rt signal to be delivered on IO */ }; /* * Track a single file's readahead state */ struct file_ra_state { pgoff_t start; /* where readahead started */ unsigned int size; /* # of readahead pages */ unsigned int async_size; /* do asynchronous readahead when there are only # of pages ahead */ unsigned int ra_pages; /* Maximum readahead window */ unsigned int mmap_miss; /* Cache miss stat for mmap accesses */ loff_t prev_pos; /* Cache last read() position */ }; /* * Check if @index falls in the readahead windows. */ static inline int ra_has_index(struct file_ra_state *ra, pgoff_t index) { return (index >= ra->start && index < ra->start + ra->size); } struct file { union { struct llist_node fu_llist; struct rcu_head fu_rcuhead; } f_u; struct path f_path; struct inode *f_inode; /* cached value */ const struct file_operations *f_op; /* * Protects f_ep_links, f_flags. * Must not be taken from IRQ context. */ spinlock_t f_lock; enum rw_hint f_write_hint; atomic_long_t f_count; unsigned int f_flags; fmode_t f_mode; struct mutex f_pos_lock; loff_t f_pos; struct fown_struct f_owner; const struct cred *f_cred; struct file_ra_state f_ra; u64 f_version; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *f_security; #endif /* needed for tty driver, and maybe others */ void *private_data; #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL /* Used by fs/eventpoll.c to link all the hooks to this file */ struct list_head f_ep_links; struct list_head f_tfile_llink; #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL */ struct address_space *f_mapping; errseq_t f_wb_err; errseq_t f_sb_err; /* for syncfs */ } __randomize_layout __attribute__((aligned(4))); /* lest something weird decides that 2 is OK */ struct file_handle { __u32 handle_bytes; int handle_type; /* file identifier */ unsigned char f_handle[]; }; static inline struct file *get_file(struct file *f) { atomic_long_inc(&f->f_count); return f; } #define get_file_rcu_many(x, cnt) \ atomic_long_add_unless(&(x)->f_count, (cnt), 0) #define get_file_rcu(x) get_file_rcu_many((x), 1) #define file_count(x) atomic_long_read(&(x)->f_count) #define MAX_NON_LFS ((1UL<<31) - 1) /* Page cache limit. The filesystems should put that into their s_maxbytes limits, otherwise bad things can happen in VM. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 #define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE ((loff_t)ULONG_MAX << PAGE_SHIFT) #elif BITS_PER_LONG==64 #define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE ((loff_t)LLONG_MAX) #endif #define FL_POSIX 1 #define FL_FLOCK 2 #define FL_DELEG 4 /* NFSv4 delegation */ #define FL_ACCESS 8 /* not trying to lock, just looking */ #define FL_EXISTS 16 /* when unlocking, test for existence */ #define FL_LEASE 32 /* lease held on this file */ #define FL_CLOSE 64 /* unlock on close */ #define FL_SLEEP 128 /* A blocking lock */ #define FL_DOWNGRADE_PENDING 256 /* Lease is being downgraded */ #define FL_UNLOCK_PENDING 512 /* Lease is being broken */ #define FL_OFDLCK 1024 /* lock is "owned" by struct file */ #define FL_LAYOUT 2048 /* outstanding pNFS layout */ #define FL_CLOSE_POSIX (FL_POSIX | FL_CLOSE) /* * Special return value from posix_lock_file() and vfs_lock_file() for * asynchronous locking. */ #define FILE_LOCK_DEFERRED 1 /* legacy typedef, should eventually be removed */ typedef void *fl_owner_t; struct file_lock; struct file_lock_operations { void (*fl_copy_lock)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); void (*fl_release_private)(struct file_lock *); }; struct lock_manager_operations { fl_owner_t (*lm_get_owner)(fl_owner_t); void (*lm_put_owner)(fl_owner_t); void (*lm_notify)(struct file_lock *); /* unblock callback */ int (*lm_grant)(struct file_lock *, int); bool (*lm_break)(struct file_lock *); int (*lm_change)(struct file_lock *, int, struct list_head *); void (*lm_setup)(struct file_lock *, void **); bool (*lm_breaker_owns_lease)(struct file_lock *); }; struct lock_manager { struct list_head list; /* * NFSv4 and up also want opens blocked during the grace period; * NLM doesn't care: */ bool block_opens; }; struct net; void locks_start_grace(struct net *, struct lock_manager *); void locks_end_grace(struct lock_manager *); bool locks_in_grace(struct net *); bool opens_in_grace(struct net *); /* that will die - we need it for nfs_lock_info */ #include <linux/nfs_fs_i.h> /* * struct file_lock represents a generic "file lock". It's used to represent * POSIX byte range locks, BSD (flock) locks, and leases. It's important to * note that the same struct is used to represent both a request for a lock and * the lock itself, but the same object is never used for both. * * FIXME: should we create a separate "struct lock_request" to help distinguish * these two uses? * * The varous i_flctx lists are ordered by: * * 1) lock owner * 2) lock range start * 3) lock range end * * Obviously, the last two criteria only matter for POSIX locks. */ struct file_lock { struct file_lock *fl_blocker; /* The lock, that is blocking us */ struct list_head fl_list; /* link into file_lock_context */ struct hlist_node fl_link; /* node in global lists */ struct list_head fl_blocked_requests; /* list of requests with * ->fl_blocker pointing here */ struct list_head fl_blocked_member; /* node in * ->fl_blocker->fl_blocked_requests */ fl_owner_t fl_owner; unsigned int fl_flags; unsigned char fl_type; unsigned int fl_pid; int fl_link_cpu; /* what cpu's list is this on? */ wait_queue_head_t fl_wait; struct file *fl_file; loff_t fl_start; loff_t fl_end; struct fasync_struct * fl_fasync; /* for lease break notifications */ /* for lease breaks: */ unsigned long fl_break_time; unsigned long fl_downgrade_time; const struct file_lock_operations *fl_ops; /* Callbacks for filesystems */ const struct lock_manager_operations *fl_lmops; /* Callbacks for lockmanagers */ union { struct nfs_lock_info nfs_fl; struct nfs4_lock_info nfs4_fl; struct { struct list_head link; /* link in AFS vnode's pending_locks list */ int state; /* state of grant or error if -ve */ unsigned int debug_id; } afs; } fl_u; } __randomize_layout; struct file_lock_context { spinlock_t flc_lock; struct list_head flc_flock; struct list_head flc_posix; struct list_head flc_lease; }; /* The following constant reflects the upper bound of the file/locking space */ #ifndef OFFSET_MAX #define INT_LIMIT(x) (~((x)1 << (sizeof(x)*8 - 1))) #define OFFSET_MAX INT_LIMIT(loff_t) #define OFFT_OFFSET_MAX INT_LIMIT(off_t) #endif extern void send_sigio(struct fown_struct *fown, int fd, int band); #define locks_inode(f) file_inode(f) #ifdef CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING extern int fcntl_getlk(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock *); extern int fcntl_setlk(unsigned int, struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock *); #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 extern int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock64 *); extern int fcntl_setlk64(unsigned int, struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock64 *); #endif extern int fcntl_setlease(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp, long arg); extern int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp); /* fs/locks.c */ void locks_free_lock_context(struct inode *inode); void locks_free_lock(struct file_lock *fl); extern void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *); extern struct file_lock * locks_alloc_lock(void); extern void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern void locks_copy_conflock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern void locks_remove_posix(struct file *, fl_owner_t); extern void locks_remove_file(struct file *); extern void locks_release_private(struct file_lock *); extern void posix_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *); extern int posix_lock_file(struct file *, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern int locks_delete_block(struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_lock_file(struct file *, unsigned int, struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *); extern int vfs_cancel_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl); extern int locks_lock_inode_wait(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl); extern int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, unsigned int type); extern void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *time); extern int generic_setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **priv); extern int vfs_setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); extern int lease_modify(struct file_lock *, int, struct list_head *); struct notifier_block; extern int lease_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *); extern void lease_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *); struct files_struct; extern void show_fd_locks(struct seq_file *f, struct file *filp, struct files_struct *files); #else /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int fcntl_getlk(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock __user *user) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_setlk(unsigned int fd, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock __user *user) { return -EACCES; } #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 static inline int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock64 __user *user) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_setlk64(unsigned int fd, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, struct flock64 __user *user) { return -EACCES; } #endif static inline int fcntl_setlease(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp, long arg) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp) { return F_UNLCK; } static inline void locks_free_lock_context(struct inode *inode) { } static inline void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_copy_conflock(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *new, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline void locks_remove_posix(struct file *filp, fl_owner_t owner) { return; } static inline void locks_remove_file(struct file *filp) { return; } static inline void posix_test_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return; } static inline int posix_lock_file(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl, struct file_lock *conflock) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int locks_delete_block(struct file_lock *waiter) { return -ENOENT; } static inline int vfs_test_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return 0; } static inline int vfs_lock_file(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, struct file_lock *fl, struct file_lock *conf) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int vfs_cancel_lock(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return 0; } static inline int locks_lock_inode_wait(struct inode *inode, struct file_lock *fl) { return -ENOLCK; } static inline int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode, unsigned int type) { return 0; } static inline void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *time) { return; } static inline int generic_setlease(struct file *filp, long arg, struct file_lock **flp, void **priv) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int vfs_setlease(struct file *filp, long arg, struct file_lock **lease, void **priv) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int lease_modify(struct file_lock *fl, int arg, struct list_head *dispose) { return -EINVAL; } struct files_struct; static inline void show_fd_locks(struct seq_file *f, struct file *filp, struct files_struct *files) {} #endif /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline struct inode *file_inode(const struct file *f) { return f->f_inode; } static inline struct dentry *file_dentry(const struct file *file) { return d_real(file->f_path.dentry, file_inode(file)); } static inline int locks_lock_file_wait(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl) { return locks_lock_inode_wait(locks_inode(filp), fl); } struct fasync_struct { rwlock_t fa_lock; int magic; int fa_fd; struct fasync_struct *fa_next; /* singly linked list */ struct file *fa_file; struct rcu_head fa_rcu; }; #define FASYNC_MAGIC 0x4601 /* SMP safe fasync helpers: */ extern int fasync_helper(int, struct file *, int, struct fasync_struct **); extern struct fasync_struct *fasync_insert_entry(int, struct file *, struct fasync_struct **, struct fasync_struct *); extern int fasync_remove_entry(struct file *, struct fasync_struct **); extern struct fasync_struct *fasync_alloc(void); extern void fasync_free(struct fasync_struct *); /* can be called from interrupts */ extern void kill_fasync(struct fasync_struct **, int, int); extern void __f_setown(struct file *filp, struct pid *, enum pid_type, int force); extern int f_setown(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg, int force); extern void f_delown(struct file *filp); extern pid_t f_getown(struct file *filp); extern int send_sigurg(struct fown_struct *fown); /* * sb->s_flags. Note that these mirror the equivalent MS_* flags where * represented in both. */ #define SB_RDONLY 1 /* Mount read-only */ #define SB_NOSUID 2 /* Ignore suid and sgid bits */ #define SB_NODEV 4 /* Disallow access to device special files */ #define SB_NOEXEC 8 /* Disallow program execution */ #define SB_SYNCHRONOUS 16 /* Writes are synced at once */ #define SB_MANDLOCK 64 /* Allow mandatory locks on an FS */ #define SB_DIRSYNC 128 /* Directory modifications are synchronous */ #define SB_NOATIME 1024 /* Do not update access times. */ #define SB_NODIRATIME 2048 /* Do not update directory access times */ #define SB_SILENT 32768 #define SB_POSIXACL (1<<16) /* VFS does not apply the umask */ #define SB_INLINECRYPT (1<<17) /* Use blk-crypto for encrypted files */ #define SB_KERNMOUNT (1<<22) /* this is a kern_mount call */ #define SB_I_VERSION (1<<23) /* Update inode I_version field */ #define SB_LAZYTIME (1<<25) /* Update the on-disk [acm]times lazily */ /* These sb flags are internal to the kernel */ #define SB_SUBMOUNT (1<<26) #define SB_FORCE (1<<27) #define SB_NOSEC (1<<28) #define SB_BORN (1<<29) #define SB_ACTIVE (1<<30) #define SB_NOUSER (1<<31) /* These flags relate to encoding and casefolding */ #define SB_ENC_STRICT_MODE_FL (1 << 0) #define sb_has_strict_encoding(sb) \ (sb->s_encoding_flags & SB_ENC_STRICT_MODE_FL) /* * Umount options */ #define MNT_FORCE 0x00000001 /* Attempt to forcibily umount */ #define MNT_DETACH 0x00000002 /* Just detach from the tree */ #define MNT_EXPIRE 0x00000004 /* Mark for expiry */ #define UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW 0x00000008 /* Don't follow symlink on umount */ #define UMOUNT_UNUSED 0x80000000 /* Flag guaranteed to be unused */ /* sb->s_iflags */ #define SB_I_CGROUPWB 0x00000001 /* cgroup-aware writeback enabled */ #define SB_I_NOEXEC 0x00000002 /* Ignore executables on this fs */ #define SB_I_NODEV 0x00000004 /* Ignore devices on this fs */ #define SB_I_STABLE_WRITES 0x00000008 /* don't modify blks until WB is done */ /* sb->s_iflags to limit user namespace mounts */ #define SB_I_USERNS_VISIBLE 0x00000010 /* fstype already mounted */ #define SB_I_IMA_UNVERIFIABLE_SIGNATURE 0x00000020 #define SB_I_UNTRUSTED_MOUNTER 0x00000040 #define SB_I_SKIP_SYNC 0x00000100 /* Skip superblock at global sync */ /* Possible states of 'frozen' field */ enum { SB_UNFROZEN = 0, /* FS is unfrozen */ SB_FREEZE_WRITE = 1, /* Writes, dir ops, ioctls frozen */ SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT = 2, /* Page faults stopped as well */ SB_FREEZE_FS = 3, /* For internal FS use (e.g. to stop * internal threads if needed) */ SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE = 4, /* ->freeze_fs finished successfully */ }; #define SB_FREEZE_LEVELS (SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE - 1) struct sb_writers { int frozen; /* Is sb frozen? */ wait_queue_head_t wait_unfrozen; /* for get_super_thawed() */ struct percpu_rw_semaphore rw_sem[SB_FREEZE_LEVELS]; }; struct super_block { struct list_head s_list; /* Keep this first */ dev_t s_dev; /* search index; _not_ kdev_t */ unsigned char s_blocksize_bits; unsigned long s_blocksize; loff_t s_maxbytes; /* Max file size */ struct file_system_type *s_type; const struct super_operations *s_op; const struct dquot_operations *dq_op; const struct quotactl_ops *s_qcop; const struct export_operations *s_export_op; unsigned long s_flags; unsigned long s_iflags; /* internal SB_I_* flags */ unsigned long s_magic; struct dentry *s_root; struct rw_semaphore s_umount; int s_count; atomic_t s_active; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY void *s_security; #endif const struct xattr_handler **s_xattr; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION const struct fscrypt_operations *s_cop; struct key *s_master_keys; /* master crypto keys in use */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY const struct fsverity_operations *s_vop; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE struct unicode_map *s_encoding; __u16 s_encoding_flags; #endif struct hlist_bl_head s_roots; /* alternate root dentries for NFS */ struct list_head s_mounts; /* list of mounts; _not_ for fs use */ struct block_device *s_bdev; struct backing_dev_info *s_bdi; struct mtd_info *s_mtd; struct hlist_node s_instances; unsigned int s_quota_types; /* Bitmask of supported quota types */ struct quota_info s_dquot; /* Diskquota specific options */ struct sb_writers s_writers; /* * Keep s_fs_info, s_time_gran, s_fsnotify_mask, and * s_fsnotify_marks together for cache efficiency. They are frequently * accessed and rarely modified. */ void *s_fs_info; /* Filesystem private info */ /* Granularity of c/m/atime in ns (cannot be worse than a second) */ u32 s_time_gran; /* Time limits for c/m/atime in seconds */ time64_t s_time_min; time64_t s_time_max; #ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY __u32 s_fsnotify_mask; struct fsnotify_mark_connector __rcu *s_fsnotify_marks; #endif char s_id[32]; /* Informational name */ uuid_t s_uuid; /* UUID */ unsigned int s_max_links; fmode_t s_mode; /* * The next field is for VFS *only*. No filesystems have any business * even looking at it. You had been warned. */ struct mutex s_vfs_rename_mutex; /* Kludge */ /* * Filesystem subtype. If non-empty the filesystem type field * in /proc/mounts will be "type.subtype" */ const char *s_subtype; const struct dentry_operations *s_d_op; /* default d_op for dentries */ /* * Saved pool identifier for cleancache (-1 means none) */ int cleancache_poolid; struct shrinker s_shrink; /* per-sb shrinker handle */ /* Number of inodes with nlink == 0 but still referenced */ atomic_long_t s_remove_count; /* Pending fsnotify inode refs */ atomic_long_t s_fsnotify_inode_refs; /* Being remounted read-only */ int s_readonly_remount; /* per-sb errseq_t for reporting writeback errors via syncfs */ errseq_t s_wb_err; /* AIO completions deferred from interrupt context */ struct workqueue_struct *s_dio_done_wq; struct hlist_head s_pins; /* * Owning user namespace and default context in which to * interpret filesystem uids, gids, quotas, device nodes, * xattrs and security labels. */ struct user_namespace *s_user_ns; /* * The list_lru structure is essentially just a pointer to a table * of per-node lru lists, each of which has its own spinlock. * There is no need to put them into separate cachelines. */ struct list_lru s_dentry_lru; struct list_lru s_inode_lru; struct rcu_head rcu; struct work_struct destroy_work; struct mutex s_sync_lock; /* sync serialisation lock */ /* * Indicates how deep in a filesystem stack this SB is */ int s_stack_depth; /* s_inode_list_lock protects s_inodes */ spinlock_t s_inode_list_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; struct list_head s_inodes; /* all inodes */ spinlock_t s_inode_wblist_lock; struct list_head s_inodes_wb; /* writeback inodes */ } __randomize_layout; /* Helper functions so that in most cases filesystems will * not need to deal directly with kuid_t and kgid_t and can * instead deal with the raw numeric values that are stored * in the filesystem. */ static inline uid_t i_uid_read(const struct inode *inode) { return from_kuid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, inode->i_uid); } static inline gid_t i_gid_read(const struct inode *inode) { return from_kgid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, inode->i_gid); } static inline void i_uid_write(struct inode *inode, uid_t uid) { inode->i_uid = make_kuid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, uid); } static inline void i_gid_write(struct inode *inode, gid_t gid) { inode->i_gid = make_kgid(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, gid); } extern struct timespec64 current_time(struct inode *inode); /* * Snapshotting support. */ /* * These are internal functions, please use sb_start_{write,pagefault,intwrite} * instead. */ static inline void __sb_end_write(struct super_block *sb, int level) { percpu_up_read(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level-1); } static inline void __sb_start_write(struct super_block *sb, int level) { percpu_down_read(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level - 1); } static inline bool __sb_start_write_trylock(struct super_block *sb, int level) { return percpu_down_read_trylock(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level - 1); } #define __sb_writers_acquired(sb, lev) \ percpu_rwsem_acquire(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], 1, _THIS_IP_) #define __sb_writers_release(sb, lev) \ percpu_rwsem_release(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], 1, _THIS_IP_) /** * sb_end_write - drop write access to a superblock * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement number of writers to the filesystem. Wake up possible waiters * wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_write(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /** * sb_end_pagefault - drop write access to a superblock from a page fault * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement number of processes handling write page fault to the filesystem. * Wake up possible waiters wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_pagefault(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT); } /** * sb_end_intwrite - drop write access to a superblock for internal fs purposes * @sb: the super we wrote to * * Decrement fs-internal number of writers to the filesystem. Wake up possible * waiters wanting to freeze the filesystem. */ static inline void sb_end_intwrite(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_end_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } /** * sb_start_write - get write access to a superblock * @sb: the super we write to * * When a process wants to write data or metadata to a file system (i.e. dirty * a page or an inode), it should embed the operation in a sb_start_write() - * sb_end_write() pair to get exclusion against file system freezing. This * function increments number of writers preventing freezing. If the file * system is already frozen, the function waits until the file system is * thawed. * * Since freeze protection behaves as a lock, users have to preserve * ordering of freeze protection and other filesystem locks. Generally, * freeze protection should be the outermost lock. In particular, we have: * * sb_start_write * -> i_mutex (write path, truncate, directory ops, ...) * -> s_umount (freeze_super, thaw_super) */ static inline void sb_start_write(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } static inline bool sb_start_write_trylock(struct super_block *sb) { return __sb_start_write_trylock(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /** * sb_start_pagefault - get write access to a superblock from a page fault * @sb: the super we write to * * When a process starts handling write page fault, it should embed the * operation into sb_start_pagefault() - sb_end_pagefault() pair to get * exclusion against file system freezing. This is needed since the page fault * is going to dirty a page. This function increments number of running page * faults preventing freezing. If the file system is already frozen, the * function waits until the file system is thawed. * * Since page fault freeze protection behaves as a lock, users have to preserve * ordering of freeze protection and other filesystem locks. It is advised to * put sb_start_pagefault() close to mmap_lock in lock ordering. Page fault * handling code implies lock dependency: * * mmap_lock * -> sb_start_pagefault */ static inline void sb_start_pagefault(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT); } /* * sb_start_intwrite - get write access to a superblock for internal fs purposes * @sb: the super we write to * * This is the third level of protection against filesystem freezing. It is * free for use by a filesystem. The only requirement is that it must rank * below sb_start_pagefault. * * For example filesystem can call sb_start_intwrite() when starting a * transaction which somewhat eases handling of freezing for internal sources * of filesystem changes (internal fs threads, discarding preallocation on file * close, etc.). */ static inline void sb_start_intwrite(struct super_block *sb) { __sb_start_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } static inline bool sb_start_intwrite_trylock(struct super_block *sb) { return __sb_start_write_trylock(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); } extern bool inode_owner_or_capable(const struct inode *inode); /* * VFS helper functions.. */ extern int vfs_create(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t, bool); extern int vfs_mkdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t); extern int vfs_mknod(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t, dev_t); extern int vfs_symlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *, const char *); extern int vfs_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **); extern int vfs_rmdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int vfs_unlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **); extern int vfs_rename(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode **, unsigned int); static inline int vfs_whiteout(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { return vfs_mknod(dir, dentry, S_IFCHR | WHITEOUT_MODE, WHITEOUT_DEV); } extern struct dentry *vfs_tmpfile(struct dentry *dentry, umode_t mode, int open_flag); int vfs_mkobj(struct dentry *, umode_t, int (*f)(struct dentry *, umode_t, void *), void *); int vfs_fchown(struct file *file, uid_t user, gid_t group); int vfs_fchmod(struct file *file, umode_t mode); int vfs_utimes(const struct path *path, struct timespec64 *times); extern long vfs_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT extern long compat_ptr_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg); #else #define compat_ptr_ioctl NULL #endif /* * VFS file helper functions. */ extern void inode_init_owner(struct inode *inode, const struct inode *dir, umode_t mode); extern bool may_open_dev(const struct path *path); /* * This is the "filldir" function type, used by readdir() to let * the kernel specify what kind of dirent layout it wants to have. * This allows the kernel to read directories into kernel space or * to have different dirent layouts depending on the binary type. */ struct dir_context; typedef int (*filldir_t)(struct dir_context *, const char *, int, loff_t, u64, unsigned); struct dir_context { filldir_t actor; loff_t pos; }; /* * These flags let !MMU mmap() govern direct device mapping vs immediate * copying more easily for MAP_PRIVATE, especially for ROM filesystems. * * NOMMU_MAP_COPY: Copy can be mapped (MAP_PRIVATE) * NOMMU_MAP_DIRECT: Can be mapped directly (MAP_SHARED) * NOMMU_MAP_READ: Can be mapped for reading * NOMMU_MAP_WRITE: Can be mapped for writing * NOMMU_MAP_EXEC: Can be mapped for execution */ #define NOMMU_MAP_COPY 0x00000001 #define NOMMU_MAP_DIRECT 0x00000008 #define NOMMU_MAP_READ VM_MAYREAD #define NOMMU_MAP_WRITE VM_MAYWRITE #define NOMMU_MAP_EXEC VM_MAYEXEC #define NOMMU_VMFLAGS \ (NOMMU_MAP_READ | NOMMU_MAP_WRITE | NOMMU_MAP_EXEC) /* * These flags control the behavior of the remap_file_range function pointer. * If it is called with len == 0 that means "remap to end of source file". * See Documentation/filesystems/vfs.rst for more details about this call. * * REMAP_FILE_DEDUP: only remap if contents identical (i.e. deduplicate) * REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN: caller can handle a shortened request */ #define REMAP_FILE_DEDUP (1 << 0) #define REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN (1 << 1) /* * These flags signal that the caller is ok with altering various aspects of * the behavior of the remap operation. The changes must be made by the * implementation; the vfs remap helper functions can take advantage of them. * Flags in this category exist to preserve the quirky behavior of the hoisted * btrfs clone/dedupe ioctls. */ #define REMAP_FILE_ADVISORY (REMAP_FILE_CAN_SHORTEN) struct iov_iter; struct file_operations { struct module *owner; loff_t (*llseek) (struct file *, loff_t, int); ssize_t (*read) (struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*write) (struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*read_iter) (struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); ssize_t (*write_iter) (struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); int (*iopoll)(struct kiocb *kiocb, bool spin); int (*iterate) (struct file *, struct dir_context *); int (*iterate_shared) (struct file *, struct dir_context *); __poll_t (*poll) (struct file *, struct poll_table_struct *); long (*unlocked_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); long (*compat_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); int (*mmap) (struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); unsigned long mmap_supported_flags; int (*open) (struct inode *, struct file *); int (*flush) (struct file *, fl_owner_t id); int (*release) (struct inode *, struct file *); int (*fsync) (struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int datasync); int (*fasync) (int, struct file *, int); int (*lock) (struct file *, int, struct file_lock *); ssize_t (*sendpage) (struct file *, struct page *, int, size_t, loff_t *, int); unsigned long (*get_unmapped_area)(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); int (*check_flags)(int); int (*flock) (struct file *, int, struct file_lock *); ssize_t (*splice_write)(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, unsigned int); ssize_t (*splice_read)(struct file *, loff_t *, struct pipe_inode_info *, size_t, unsigned int); int (*setlease)(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); long (*fallocate)(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); void (*show_fdinfo)(struct seq_file *m, struct file *f); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU unsigned (*mmap_capabilities)(struct file *); #endif ssize_t (*copy_file_range)(struct file *, loff_t, struct file *, loff_t, size_t, unsigned int); loff_t (*remap_file_range)(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); int (*fadvise)(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); } __randomize_layout; struct inode_operations { struct dentry * (*lookup) (struct inode *,struct dentry *, unsigned int); const char * (*get_link) (struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); int (*permission) (struct inode *, int); struct posix_acl * (*get_acl)(struct inode *, int); int (*readlink) (struct dentry *, char __user *,int); int (*create) (struct inode *,struct dentry *, umode_t, bool); int (*link) (struct dentry *,struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*unlink) (struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*symlink) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,const char *); int (*mkdir) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,umode_t); int (*rmdir) (struct inode *,struct dentry *); int (*mknod) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,umode_t,dev_t); int (*rename) (struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); int (*setattr) (struct dentry *, struct iattr *); int (*getattr) (const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); ssize_t (*listxattr) (struct dentry *, char *, size_t); int (*fiemap)(struct inode *, struct fiemap_extent_info *, u64 start, u64 len); int (*update_time)(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *, int); int (*atomic_open)(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct file *, unsigned open_flag, umode_t create_mode); int (*tmpfile) (struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t); int (*set_acl)(struct inode *, struct posix_acl *, int); } ____cacheline_aligned; static inline ssize_t call_read_iter(struct file *file, struct kiocb *kio, struct iov_iter *iter) { return file->f_op->read_iter(kio, iter); } static inline ssize_t call_write_iter(struct file *file, struct kiocb *kio, struct iov_iter *iter) { return file->f_op->write_iter(kio, iter); } static inline int call_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return file->f_op->mmap(file, vma); } extern ssize_t vfs_read(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t vfs_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t vfs_copy_file_range(struct file *, loff_t , struct file *, loff_t, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t generic_copy_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern int generic_remap_file_range_prep(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t *count, unsigned int remap_flags); extern loff_t do_clone_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); extern loff_t vfs_clone_file_range(struct file *file_in, loff_t pos_in, struct file *file_out, loff_t pos_out, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); extern int vfs_dedupe_file_range(struct file *file, struct file_dedupe_range *same); extern loff_t vfs_dedupe_file_range_one(struct file *src_file, loff_t src_pos, struct file *dst_file, loff_t dst_pos, loff_t len, unsigned int remap_flags); struct super_operations { struct inode *(*alloc_inode)(struct super_block *sb); void (*destroy_inode)(struct inode *); void (*free_inode)(struct inode *); void (*dirty_inode) (struct inode *, int flags); int (*write_inode) (struct inode *, struct writeback_control *wbc); int (*drop_inode) (struct inode *); void (*evict_inode) (struct inode *); void (*put_super) (struct super_block *); int (*sync_fs)(struct super_block *sb, int wait); int (*freeze_super) (struct super_block *); int (*freeze_fs) (struct super_block *); int (*thaw_super) (struct super_block *); int (*unfreeze_fs) (struct super_block *); int (*statfs) (struct dentry *, struct kstatfs *); int (*remount_fs) (struct super_block *, int *, char *); void (*umount_begin) (struct super_block *); int (*show_options)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_devname)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_path)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int (*show_stats)(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA ssize_t (*quota_read)(struct super_block *, int, char *, size_t, loff_t); ssize_t (*quota_write)(struct super_block *, int, const char *, size_t, loff_t); struct dquot **(*get_dquots)(struct inode *); #endif int (*bdev_try_to_free_page)(struct super_block*, struct page*, gfp_t); long (*nr_cached_objects)(struct super_block *, struct shrink_control *); long (*free_cached_objects)(struct super_block *, struct shrink_control *); }; /* * Inode flags - they have no relation to superblock flags now */ #define S_SYNC (1 << 0) /* Writes are synced at once */ #define S_NOATIME (1 << 1) /* Do not update access times */ #define S_APPEND (1 << 2) /* Append-only file */ #define S_IMMUTABLE (1 << 3) /* Immutable file */ #define S_DEAD (1 << 4) /* removed, but still open directory */ #define S_NOQUOTA (1 << 5) /* Inode is not counted to quota */ #define S_DIRSYNC (1 << 6) /* Directory modifications are synchronous */ #define S_NOCMTIME (1 << 7) /* Do not update file c/mtime */ #define S_SWAPFILE (1 << 8) /* Do not truncate: swapon got its bmaps */ #define S_PRIVATE (1 << 9) /* Inode is fs-internal */ #define S_IMA (1 << 10) /* Inode has an associated IMA struct */ #define S_AUTOMOUNT (1 << 11) /* Automount/referral quasi-directory */ #define S_NOSEC (1 << 12) /* no suid or xattr security attributes */ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX #define S_DAX (1 << 13) /* Direct Access, avoiding the page cache */ #else #define S_DAX 0 /* Make all the DAX code disappear */ #endif #define S_ENCRYPTED (1 << 14) /* Encrypted file (using fs/crypto/) */ #define S_CASEFOLD (1 << 15) /* Casefolded file */ #define S_VERITY (1 << 16) /* Verity file (using fs/verity/) */ /* * Note that nosuid etc flags are inode-specific: setting some file-system * flags just means all the inodes inherit those flags by default. It might be * possible to override it selectively if you really wanted to with some * ioctl() that is not currently implemented. * * Exception: SB_RDONLY is always applied to the entire file system. * * Unfortunately, it is possible to change a filesystems flags with it mounted * with files in use. This means that all of the inodes will not have their * i_flags updated. Hence, i_flags no longer inherit the superblock mount * flags, so these have to be checked separately. -- rmk@arm.uk.linux.org */ #define __IS_FLG(inode, flg) ((inode)->i_sb->s_flags & (flg)) static inline bool sb_rdonly(const struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_flags & SB_RDONLY; } #define IS_RDONLY(inode) sb_rdonly((inode)->i_sb) #define IS_SYNC(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, SB_SYNCHRONOUS) || \ ((inode)->i_flags & S_SYNC)) #define IS_DIRSYNC(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, SB_SYNCHRONOUS|SB_DIRSYNC) || \ ((inode)->i_flags & (S_SYNC|S_DIRSYNC))) #define IS_MANDLOCK(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_MANDLOCK) #define IS_NOATIME(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_RDONLY|SB_NOATIME) #define IS_I_VERSION(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_I_VERSION) #define IS_NOQUOTA(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOQUOTA) #define IS_APPEND(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_APPEND) #define IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_IMMUTABLE) #define IS_POSIXACL(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, SB_POSIXACL) #define IS_DEADDIR(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_DEAD) #define IS_NOCMTIME(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOCMTIME) #define IS_SWAPFILE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_SWAPFILE) #define IS_PRIVATE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_PRIVATE) #define IS_IMA(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_IMA) #define IS_AUTOMOUNT(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_AUTOMOUNT) #define IS_NOSEC(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOSEC) #define IS_DAX(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_DAX) #define IS_ENCRYPTED(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_ENCRYPTED) #define IS_CASEFOLDED(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_CASEFOLD) #define IS_VERITY(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_VERITY) #define IS_WHITEOUT(inode) (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) && \ (inode)->i_rdev == WHITEOUT_DEV) static inline bool HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(struct inode *inode) { return !uid_valid(inode->i_uid) || !gid_valid(inode->i_gid); } static inline enum rw_hint file_write_hint(struct file *file) { if (file->f_write_hint != WRITE_LIFE_NOT_SET) return file->f_write_hint; return file_inode(file)->i_write_hint; } static inline int iocb_flags(struct file *file); static inline u16 ki_hint_validate(enum rw_hint hint) { typeof(((struct kiocb *)0)->ki_hint) max_hint = -1; if (hint <= max_hint) return hint; return 0; } static inline void init_sync_kiocb(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct file *filp) { *kiocb = (struct kiocb) { .ki_filp = filp, .ki_flags = iocb_flags(filp), .ki_hint = ki_hint_validate(file_write_hint(filp)), .ki_ioprio = get_current_ioprio(), }; } static inline void kiocb_clone(struct kiocb *kiocb, struct kiocb *kiocb_src, struct file *filp) { *kiocb = (struct kiocb) { .ki_filp = filp, .ki_flags = kiocb_src->ki_flags, .ki_hint = kiocb_src->ki_hint, .ki_ioprio = kiocb_src->ki_ioprio, .ki_pos = kiocb_src->ki_pos, }; } /* * Inode state bits. Protected by inode->i_lock * * Three bits determine the dirty state of the inode, I_DIRTY_SYNC, * I_DIRTY_DATASYNC and I_DIRTY_PAGES. * * Four bits define the lifetime of an inode. Initially, inodes are I_NEW, * until that flag is cleared. I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING and I_CLEAR are set at * various stages of removing an inode. * * Two bits are used for locking and completion notification, I_NEW and I_SYNC. * * I_DIRTY_SYNC Inode is dirty, but doesn't have to be written on * fdatasync(). i_atime is the usual cause. * I_DIRTY_DATASYNC Data-related inode changes pending. We keep track of * these changes separately from I_DIRTY_SYNC so that we * don't have to write inode on fdatasync() when only * mtime has changed in it. * I_DIRTY_PAGES Inode has dirty pages. Inode itself may be clean. * I_NEW Serves as both a mutex and completion notification. * New inodes set I_NEW. If two processes both create * the same inode, one of them will release its inode and * wait for I_NEW to be released before returning. * Inodes in I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING or I_CLEAR state can * also cause waiting on I_NEW, without I_NEW actually * being set. find_inode() uses this to prevent returning * nearly-dead inodes. * I_WILL_FREE Must be set when calling write_inode_now() if i_count * is zero. I_FREEING must be set when I_WILL_FREE is * cleared. * I_FREEING Set when inode is about to be freed but still has dirty * pages or buffers attached or the inode itself is still * dirty. * I_CLEAR Added by clear_inode(). In this state the inode is * clean and can be destroyed. Inode keeps I_FREEING. * * Inodes that are I_WILL_FREE, I_FREEING or I_CLEAR are * prohibited for many purposes. iget() must wait for * the inode to be completely released, then create it * anew. Other functions will just ignore such inodes, * if appropriate. I_NEW is used for waiting. * * I_SYNC Writeback of inode is running. The bit is set during * data writeback, and cleared with a wakeup on the bit * address once it is done. The bit is also used to pin * the inode in memory for flusher thread. * * I_REFERENCED Marks the inode as recently references on the LRU list. * * I_DIO_WAKEUP Never set. Only used as a key for wait_on_bit(). * * I_WB_SWITCH Cgroup bdi_writeback switching in progress. Used to * synchronize competing switching instances and to tell * wb stat updates to grab the i_pages lock. See * inode_switch_wbs_work_fn() for details. * * I_OVL_INUSE Used by overlayfs to get exclusive ownership on upper * and work dirs among overlayfs mounts. * * I_CREATING New object's inode in the middle of setting up. * * I_DONTCACHE Evict inode as soon as it is not used anymore. * * I_SYNC_QUEUED Inode is queued in b_io or b_more_io writeback lists. * Used to detect that mark_inode_dirty() should not move * inode between dirty lists. * * Q: What is the difference between I_WILL_FREE and I_FREEING? */ #define I_DIRTY_SYNC (1 << 0) #define I_DIRTY_DATASYNC (1 << 1) #define I_DIRTY_PAGES (1 << 2) #define __I_NEW 3 #define I_NEW (1 << __I_NEW) #define I_WILL_FREE (1 << 4) #define I_FREEING (1 << 5) #define I_CLEAR (1 << 6) #define __I_SYNC 7 #define I_SYNC (1 << __I_SYNC) #define I_REFERENCED (1 << 8) #define __I_DIO_WAKEUP 9 #define I_DIO_WAKEUP (1 << __I_DIO_WAKEUP) #define I_LINKABLE (1 << 10) #define I_DIRTY_TIME (1 << 11) #define I_WB_SWITCH (1 << 13) #define I_OVL_INUSE (1 << 14) #define I_CREATING (1 << 15) #define I_DONTCACHE (1 << 16) #define I_SYNC_QUEUED (1 << 17) #define I_DIRTY_INODE (I_DIRTY_SYNC | I_DIRTY_DATASYNC) #define I_DIRTY (I_DIRTY_INODE | I_DIRTY_PAGES) #define I_DIRTY_ALL (I_DIRTY | I_DIRTY_TIME) extern void __mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *, int); static inline void mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode) { __mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY); } static inline void mark_inode_dirty_sync(struct inode *inode) { __mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY_SYNC); } extern void inc_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void drop_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void clear_nlink(struct inode *inode); extern void set_nlink(struct inode *inode, unsigned int nlink); static inline void inode_inc_link_count(struct inode *inode) { inc_nlink(inode); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } static inline void inode_dec_link_count(struct inode *inode) { drop_nlink(inode); mark_inode_dirty(inode); } enum file_time_flags { S_ATIME = 1, S_MTIME = 2, S_CTIME = 4, S_VERSION = 8, }; extern bool atime_needs_update(const struct path *, struct inode *); extern void touch_atime(const struct path *); int inode_update_time(struct inode *inode, struct timespec64 *time, int flags); static inline void file_accessed(struct file *file) { if (!(file->f_flags & O_NOATIME)) touch_atime(&file->f_path); } extern int file_modified(struct file *file); int sync_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc); int sync_inode_metadata(struct inode *inode, int wait); struct file_system_type { const char *name; int fs_flags; #define FS_REQUIRES_DEV 1 #define FS_BINARY_MOUNTDATA 2 #define FS_HAS_SUBTYPE 4 #define FS_USERNS_MOUNT 8 /* Can be mounted by userns root */ #define FS_DISALLOW_NOTIFY_PERM 16 /* Disable fanotify permission events */ #define FS_THP_SUPPORT 8192 /* Remove once all fs converted */ #define FS_RENAME_DOES_D_MOVE 32768 /* FS will handle d_move() during rename() internally. */ int (*init_fs_context)(struct fs_context *); const struct fs_parameter_spec *parameters; struct dentry *(*mount) (struct file_system_type *, int, const char *, void *); void (*kill_sb) (struct super_block *); struct module *owner; struct file_system_type * next; struct hlist_head fs_supers; struct lock_class_key s_lock_key; struct lock_class_key s_umount_key; struct lock_class_key s_vfs_rename_key; struct lock_class_key s_writers_key[SB_FREEZE_LEVELS]; struct lock_class_key i_lock_key; struct lock_class_key i_mutex_key; struct lock_class_key i_mutex_dir_key; }; #define MODULE_ALIAS_FS(NAME) MODULE_ALIAS("fs-" NAME) extern struct dentry *mount_bdev(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_single(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_nodev(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)); extern struct dentry *mount_subtree(struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *path); void generic_shutdown_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_block_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_anon_super(struct super_block *sb); void kill_litter_super(struct super_block *sb); void deactivate_super(struct super_block *sb); void deactivate_locked_super(struct super_block *sb); int set_anon_super(struct super_block *s, void *data); int set_anon_super_fc(struct super_block *s, struct fs_context *fc); int get_anon_bdev(dev_t *); void free_anon_bdev(dev_t); struct super_block *sget_fc(struct fs_context *fc, int (*test)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *), int (*set)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *)); struct super_block *sget(struct file_system_type *type, int (*test)(struct super_block *,void *), int (*set)(struct super_block *,void *), int flags, void *data); /* Alas, no aliases. Too much hassle with bringing module.h everywhere */ #define fops_get(fops) \ (((fops) && try_module_get((fops)->owner) ? (fops) : NULL)) #define fops_put(fops) \ do { if (fops) module_put((fops)->owner); } while(0) /* * This one is to be used *ONLY* from ->open() instances. * fops must be non-NULL, pinned down *and* module dependencies * should be sufficient to pin the caller down as well. */ #define replace_fops(f, fops) \ do { \ struct file *__file = (f); \ fops_put(__file->f_op); \ BUG_ON(!(__file->f_op = (fops))); \ } while(0) extern int register_filesystem(struct file_system_type *); extern int unregister_filesystem(struct file_system_type *); extern struct vfsmount *kern_mount(struct file_system_type *); extern void kern_unmount(struct vfsmount *mnt); extern int may_umount_tree(struct vfsmount *); extern int may_umount(struct vfsmount *); extern long do_mount(const char *, const char __user *, const char *, unsigned long, void *); extern struct vfsmount *collect_mounts(const struct path *); extern void drop_collected_mounts(struct vfsmount *); extern int iterate_mounts(int (*)(struct vfsmount *, void *), void *, struct vfsmount *); extern int vfs_statfs(const struct path *, struct kstatfs *); extern int user_statfs(const char __user *, struct kstatfs *); extern int fd_statfs(int, struct kstatfs *); extern int freeze_super(struct super_block *super); extern int thaw_super(struct super_block *super); extern bool our_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt); extern __printf(2, 3) int super_setup_bdi_name(struct super_block *sb, char *fmt, ...); extern int super_setup_bdi(struct super_block *sb); extern int current_umask(void); extern void ihold(struct inode * inode); extern void iput(struct inode *); extern int generic_update_time(struct inode *, struct timespec64 *, int); /* /sys/fs */ extern struct kobject *fs_kobj; #define MAX_RW_COUNT (INT_MAX & PAGE_MASK) #ifdef CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING extern int locks_mandatory_locked(struct file *); extern int locks_mandatory_area(struct inode *, struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, unsigned char); /* * Candidates for mandatory locking have the setgid bit set * but no group execute bit - an otherwise meaningless combination. */ static inline int __mandatory_lock(struct inode *ino) { return (ino->i_mode & (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) == S_ISGID; } /* * ... and these candidates should be on SB_MANDLOCK mounted fs, * otherwise these will be advisory locks */ static inline int mandatory_lock(struct inode *ino) { return IS_MANDLOCK(ino) && __mandatory_lock(ino); } static inline int locks_verify_locked(struct file *file) { if (mandatory_lock(locks_inode(file))) return locks_mandatory_locked(file); return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_truncate(struct inode *inode, struct file *f, loff_t size) { if (!inode->i_flctx || !mandatory_lock(inode)) return 0; if (size < inode->i_size) { return locks_mandatory_area(inode, f, size, inode->i_size - 1, F_WRLCK); } else { return locks_mandatory_area(inode, f, inode->i_size, size - 1, F_WRLCK); } } #else /* !CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int locks_mandatory_locked(struct file *file) { return 0; } static inline int locks_mandatory_area(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp, loff_t start, loff_t end, unsigned char type) { return 0; } static inline int __mandatory_lock(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline int mandatory_lock(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_locked(struct file *file) { return 0; } static inline int locks_verify_truncate(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp, size_t size) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING */ #ifdef CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING static inline int break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { /* * Since this check is lockless, we must ensure that any refcounts * taken are done before checking i_flctx->flc_lease. Otherwise, we * could end up racing with tasks trying to set a new lease on this * file. */ smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, mode, FL_LEASE); return 0; } static inline int break_deleg(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { /* * Since this check is lockless, we must ensure that any refcounts * taken are done before checking i_flctx->flc_lease. Otherwise, we * could end up racing with tasks trying to set a new lease on this * file. */ smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, mode, FL_DELEG); return 0; } static inline int try_break_deleg(struct inode *inode, struct inode **delegated_inode) { int ret; ret = break_deleg(inode, O_WRONLY|O_NONBLOCK); if (ret == -EWOULDBLOCK && delegated_inode) { *delegated_inode = inode; ihold(inode); } return ret; } static inline int break_deleg_wait(struct inode **delegated_inode) { int ret; ret = break_deleg(*delegated_inode, O_WRONLY); iput(*delegated_inode); *delegated_inode = NULL; return ret; } static inline int break_layout(struct inode *inode, bool wait) { smp_mb(); if (inode->i_flctx && !list_empty_careful(&inode->i_flctx->flc_lease)) return __break_lease(inode, wait ? O_WRONLY : O_WRONLY | O_NONBLOCK, FL_LAYOUT); return 0; } #else /* !CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ static inline int break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { return 0; } static inline int break_deleg(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode) { return 0; } static inline int try_break_deleg(struct inode *inode, struct inode **delegated_inode) { return 0; } static inline int break_deleg_wait(struct inode **delegated_inode) { BUG(); return 0; } static inline int break_layout(struct inode *inode, bool wait) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING */ /* fs/open.c */ struct audit_names; struct filename { const char *name; /* pointer to actual string */ const __user char *uptr; /* original userland pointer */ int refcnt; struct audit_names *aname; const char iname[]; }; static_assert(offsetof(struct filename, iname) % sizeof(long) == 0); extern long vfs_truncate(const struct path *, loff_t); extern int do_truncate(struct dentry *, loff_t start, unsigned int time_attrs, struct file *filp); extern int vfs_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); extern long do_sys_open(int dfd, const char __user *filename, int flags, umode_t mode); extern struct file *file_open_name(struct filename *, int, umode_t); extern struct file *filp_open(const char *, int, umode_t); extern struct file *file_open_root(struct dentry *, struct vfsmount *, const char *, int, umode_t); extern struct file * dentry_open(const struct path *, int, const struct cred *); extern struct file * open_with_fake_path(const struct path *, int, struct inode*, const struct cred *); static inline struct file *file_clone_open(struct file *file) { return dentry_open(&file->f_path, file->f_flags, file->f_cred); } extern int filp_close(struct file *, fl_owner_t id); extern struct filename *getname_flags(const char __user *, int, int *); extern struct filename *getname(const char __user *); extern struct filename *getname_kernel(const char *); extern void putname(struct filename *name); extern int finish_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry, int (*open)(struct inode *, struct file *)); extern int finish_no_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry); /* fs/dcache.c */ extern void __init vfs_caches_init_early(void); extern void __init vfs_caches_init(void); extern struct kmem_cache *names_cachep; #define __getname() kmem_cache_alloc(names_cachep, GFP_KERNEL) #define __putname(name) kmem_cache_free(names_cachep, (void *)(name)) extern struct super_block *blockdev_superblock; static inline bool sb_is_blkdev_sb(struct super_block *sb) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BLOCK) && sb == blockdev_superblock; } void emergency_thaw_all(void); extern int sync_filesystem(struct super_block *); extern const struct file_operations def_blk_fops; extern const struct file_operations def_chr_fops; /* fs/char_dev.c */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_MAX 512 /* Marks the bottom of the first segment of free char majors */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_END 234 /* Marks the top and bottom of the second segment of free char majors */ #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_EXT_START 511 #define CHRDEV_MAJOR_DYN_EXT_END 384 extern int alloc_chrdev_region(dev_t *, unsigned, unsigned, const char *); extern int register_chrdev_region(dev_t, unsigned, const char *); extern int __register_chrdev(unsigned int major, unsigned int baseminor, unsigned int count, const char *name, const struct file_operations *fops); extern void __unregister_chrdev(unsigned int major, unsigned int baseminor, unsigned int count, const char *name); extern void unregister_chrdev_region(dev_t, unsigned); extern void chrdev_show(struct seq_file *,off_t); static inline int register_chrdev(unsigned int major, const char *name, const struct file_operations *fops) { return __register_chrdev(major, 0, 256, name, fops); } static inline void unregister_chrdev(unsigned int major, const char *name) { __unregister_chrdev(major, 0, 256, name); } extern void init_special_inode(struct inode *, umode_t, dev_t); /* Invalid inode operations -- fs/bad_inode.c */ extern void make_bad_inode(struct inode *); extern bool is_bad_inode(struct inode *); unsigned long invalidate_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end); void invalidate_mapping_pagevec(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end, unsigned long *nr_pagevec); static inline void invalidate_remote_inode(struct inode *inode) { if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) invalidate_mapping_pages(inode->i_mapping, 0, -1); } extern int invalidate_inode_pages2(struct address_space *mapping); extern int invalidate_inode_pages2_range(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end); extern int write_inode_now(struct inode *, int); extern int filemap_fdatawrite(struct address_space *); extern int filemap_flush(struct address_space *); extern int filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping); extern int filemap_fdatawait_range(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int filemap_fdatawait_range_keep_errors(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start_byte, loff_t end_byte); static inline int filemap_fdatawait(struct address_space *mapping) { return filemap_fdatawait_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX); } extern bool filemap_range_has_page(struct address_space *, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int filemap_write_and_wait_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int __filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end, int sync_mode); extern int filemap_fdatawrite_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t start, loff_t end); extern int filemap_check_errors(struct address_space *mapping); extern void __filemap_set_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, int err); static inline int filemap_write_and_wait(struct address_space *mapping) { return filemap_write_and_wait_range(mapping, 0, LLONG_MAX); } extern int __must_check file_fdatawait_range(struct file *file, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern int __must_check file_check_and_advance_wb_err(struct file *file); extern int __must_check file_write_and_wait_range(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end); static inline int file_write_and_wait(struct file *file) { return file_write_and_wait_range(file, 0, LLONG_MAX); } /** * filemap_set_wb_err - set a writeback error on an address_space * @mapping: mapping in which to set writeback error * @err: error to be set in mapping * * When writeback fails in some way, we must record that error so that * userspace can be informed when fsync and the like are called. We endeavor * to report errors on any file that was open at the time of the error. Some * internal callers also need to know when writeback errors have occurred. * * When a writeback error occurs, most filesystems will want to call * filemap_set_wb_err to record the error in the mapping so that it will be * automatically reported whenever fsync is called on the file. */ static inline void filemap_set_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, int err) { /* Fastpath for common case of no error */ if (unlikely(err)) __filemap_set_wb_err(mapping, err); } /** * filemap_check_wb_err - has an error occurred since the mark was sampled? * @mapping: mapping to check for writeback errors * @since: previously-sampled errseq_t * * Grab the errseq_t value from the mapping, and see if it has changed "since" * the given value was sampled. * * If it has then report the latest error set, otherwise return 0. */ static inline int filemap_check_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping, errseq_t since) { return errseq_check(&mapping->wb_err, since); } /** * filemap_sample_wb_err - sample the current errseq_t to test for later errors * @mapping: mapping to be sampled * * Writeback errors are always reported relative to a particular sample point * in the past. This function provides those sample points. */ static inline errseq_t filemap_sample_wb_err(struct address_space *mapping) { return errseq_sample(&mapping->wb_err); } /** * file_sample_sb_err - sample the current errseq_t to test for later errors * @file: file pointer to be sampled * * Grab the most current superblock-level errseq_t value for the given * struct file. */ static inline errseq_t file_sample_sb_err(struct file *file) { return errseq_sample(&file->f_path.dentry->d_sb->s_wb_err); } extern int vfs_fsync_range(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); extern int vfs_fsync(struct file *file, int datasync); extern int sync_file_range(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t nbytes, unsigned int flags); /* * Sync the bytes written if this was a synchronous write. Expect ki_pos * to already be updated for the write, and will return either the amount * of bytes passed in, or an error if syncing the file failed. */ static inline ssize_t generic_write_sync(struct kiocb *iocb, ssize_t count) { if (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_DSYNC) { int ret = vfs_fsync_range(iocb->ki_filp, iocb->ki_pos - count, iocb->ki_pos - 1, (iocb->ki_flags & IOCB_SYNC) ? 0 : 1); if (ret) return ret; } return count; } extern void emergency_sync(void); extern void emergency_remount(void); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK extern int bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t *block); #else static inline int bmap(struct inode *inode, sector_t *block) { return -EINVAL; } #endif extern int notify_change(struct dentry *, struct iattr *, struct inode **); extern int inode_permission(struct inode *, int); extern int generic_permission(struct inode *, int); extern int __check_sticky(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); static inline bool execute_ok(struct inode *inode) { return (inode->i_mode & S_IXUGO) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode); } static inline bool inode_wrong_type(const struct inode *inode, umode_t mode) { return (inode->i_mode ^ mode) & S_IFMT; } static inline void file_start_write(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return; sb_start_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } static inline bool file_start_write_trylock(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return true; return sb_start_write_trylock(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } static inline void file_end_write(struct file *file) { if (!S_ISREG(file_inode(file)->i_mode)) return; __sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); } /* * get_write_access() gets write permission for a file. * put_write_access() releases this write permission. * This is used for regular files. * We cannot support write (and maybe mmap read-write shared) accesses and * MAP_DENYWRITE mmappings simultaneously. The i_writecount field of an inode * can have the following values: * 0: no writers, no VM_DENYWRITE mappings * < 0: (-i_writecount) vm_area_structs with VM_DENYWRITE set exist * > 0: (i_writecount) users are writing to the file. * * Normally we operate on that counter with atomic_{inc,dec} and it's safe * except for the cases where we don't hold i_writecount yet. Then we need to * use {get,deny}_write_access() - these functions check the sign and refuse * to do the change if sign is wrong. */ static inline int get_write_access(struct inode *inode) { return atomic_inc_unless_negative(&inode->i_writecount) ? 0 : -ETXTBSY; } static inline int deny_write_access(struct file *file) { struct inode *inode = file_inode(file); return atomic_dec_unless_positive(&inode->i_writecount) ? 0 : -ETXTBSY; } static inline void put_write_access(struct inode * inode) { atomic_dec(&inode->i_writecount); } static inline void allow_write_access(struct file *file) { if (file) atomic_inc(&file_inode(file)->i_writecount); } static inline bool inode_is_open_for_write(const struct inode *inode) { return atomic_read(&inode->i_writecount) > 0; } #if defined(CONFIG_IMA) || defined(CONFIG_FILE_LOCKING) static inline void i_readcount_dec(struct inode *inode) { BUG_ON(!atomic_read(&inode->i_readcount)); atomic_dec(&inode->i_readcount); } static inline void i_readcount_inc(struct inode *inode) { atomic_inc(&inode->i_readcount); } #else static inline void i_readcount_dec(struct inode *inode) { return; } static inline void i_readcount_inc(struct inode *inode) { return; } #endif extern int do_pipe_flags(int *, int); extern ssize_t kernel_read(struct file *, void *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t __kernel_read(struct file *file, void *buf, size_t count, loff_t *pos); extern ssize_t kernel_write(struct file *, const void *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t __kernel_write(struct file *, const void *, size_t, loff_t *); extern struct file * open_exec(const char *); /* fs/dcache.c -- generic fs support functions */ extern bool is_subdir(struct dentry *, struct dentry *); extern bool path_is_under(const struct path *, const struct path *); extern char *file_path(struct file *, char *, int); #include <linux/err.h> /* needed for stackable file system support */ extern loff_t default_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t vfs_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern int inode_init_always(struct super_block *, struct inode *); extern void inode_init_once(struct inode *); extern void address_space_init_once(struct address_space *mapping); extern struct inode * igrab(struct inode *); extern ino_t iunique(struct super_block *, ino_t); extern int inode_needs_sync(struct inode *inode); extern int generic_delete_inode(struct inode *inode); static inline int generic_drop_inode(struct inode *inode) { return !inode->i_nlink || inode_unhashed(inode); } extern void d_mark_dontcache(struct inode *inode); extern struct inode *ilookup5_nowait(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *ilookup5(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *ilookup(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino); extern struct inode *inode_insert5(struct inode *inode, unsigned long hashval, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), int (*set)(struct inode *, void *), void *data); extern struct inode * iget5_locked(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), int (*set)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern struct inode * iget_locked(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern struct inode *find_inode_nowait(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*match)(struct inode *, unsigned long, void *), void *data); extern struct inode *find_inode_rcu(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern struct inode *find_inode_by_ino_rcu(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern int insert_inode_locked4(struct inode *, unsigned long, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *); extern int insert_inode_locked(struct inode *); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC extern void lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(struct inode *inode); #else static inline void lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(struct inode *inode) { }; #endif extern void unlock_new_inode(struct inode *); extern void discard_new_inode(struct inode *); extern unsigned int get_next_ino(void); extern void evict_inodes(struct super_block *sb); /* * Userspace may rely on the the inode number being non-zero. For example, glibc * simply ignores files with zero i_ino in unlink() and other places. * * As an additional complication, if userspace was compiled with * _FILE_OFFSET_BITS=32 on a 64-bit kernel we'll only end up reading out the * lower 32 bits, so we need to check that those aren't zero explicitly. With * _FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64, this may cause some harmless false-negatives, but * better safe than sorry. */ static inline bool is_zero_ino(ino_t ino) { return (u32)ino == 0; } extern void __iget(struct inode * inode); extern void iget_failed(struct inode *); extern void clear_inode(struct inode *); extern void __destroy_inode(struct inode *); extern struct inode *new_inode_pseudo(struct super_block *sb); extern struct inode *new_inode(struct super_block *sb); extern void free_inode_nonrcu(struct inode *inode); extern int should_remove_suid(struct dentry *); extern int file_remove_privs(struct file *); extern void __insert_inode_hash(struct inode *, unsigned long hashval); static inline void insert_inode_hash(struct inode *inode) { __insert_inode_hash(inode, inode->i_ino); } extern void __remove_inode_hash(struct inode *); static inline void remove_inode_hash(struct inode *inode) { if (!inode_unhashed(inode) && !hlist_fake(&inode->i_hash)) __remove_inode_hash(inode); } extern void inode_sb_list_add(struct inode *inode); extern int sb_set_blocksize(struct super_block *, int); extern int sb_min_blocksize(struct super_block *, int); extern int generic_file_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern int generic_file_readonly_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); extern ssize_t generic_write_checks(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern int generic_write_check_limits(struct file *file, loff_t pos, loff_t *count); extern int generic_file_rw_checks(struct file *file_in, struct file *file_out); extern ssize_t generic_file_buffered_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to, ssize_t already_read); extern ssize_t generic_file_read_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t __generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_file_write_iter(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); extern ssize_t generic_perform_write(struct file *, struct iov_iter *, loff_t); ssize_t vfs_iter_read(struct file *file, struct iov_iter *iter, loff_t *ppos, rwf_t flags); ssize_t vfs_iter_write(struct file *file, struct iov_iter *iter, loff_t *ppos, rwf_t flags); ssize_t vfs_iocb_iter_read(struct file *file, struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); ssize_t vfs_iocb_iter_write(struct file *file, struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); /* fs/block_dev.c */ extern ssize_t blkdev_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to); extern ssize_t blkdev_write_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from); extern int blkdev_fsync(struct file *filp, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); extern void block_sync_page(struct page *page); /* fs/splice.c */ extern ssize_t generic_file_splice_read(struct file *, loff_t *, struct pipe_inode_info *, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t iter_file_splice_write(struct pipe_inode_info *, struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, unsigned int); extern ssize_t generic_splice_sendpage(struct pipe_inode_info *pipe, struct file *out, loff_t *, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern long do_splice_direct(struct file *in, loff_t *ppos, struct file *out, loff_t *opos, size_t len, unsigned int flags); extern void file_ra_state_init(struct file_ra_state *ra, struct address_space *mapping); extern loff_t noop_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t no_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t vfs_setpos(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t maxsize); extern loff_t generic_file_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence); extern loff_t generic_file_llseek_size(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence, loff_t maxsize, loff_t eof); extern loff_t fixed_size_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int whence, loff_t size); extern loff_t no_seek_end_llseek_size(struct file *, loff_t, int, loff_t); extern loff_t no_seek_end_llseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); extern int generic_file_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); extern int nonseekable_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); extern int stream_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK typedef void (dio_submit_t)(struct bio *bio, struct inode *inode, loff_t file_offset); enum { /* need locking between buffered and direct access */ DIO_LOCKING = 0x01, /* filesystem does not support filling holes */ DIO_SKIP_HOLES = 0x02, }; ssize_t __blockdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct inode *inode, struct block_device *bdev, struct iov_iter *iter, get_block_t get_block, dio_iodone_t end_io, dio_submit_t submit_io, int flags); static inline ssize_t blockdev_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct inode *inode, struct iov_iter *iter, get_block_t get_block) { return __blockdev_direct_IO(iocb, inode, inode->i_sb->s_bdev, iter, get_block, NULL, NULL, DIO_LOCKING | DIO_SKIP_HOLES); } #endif void inode_dio_wait(struct inode *inode); /* * inode_dio_begin - signal start of a direct I/O requests * @inode: inode the direct I/O happens on * * This is called once we've finished processing a direct I/O request, * and is used to wake up callers waiting for direct I/O to be quiesced. */ static inline void inode_dio_begin(struct inode *inode) { atomic_inc(&inode->i_dio_count); } /* * inode_dio_end - signal finish of a direct I/O requests * @inode: inode the direct I/O happens on * * This is called once we've finished processing a direct I/O request, * and is used to wake up callers waiting for direct I/O to be quiesced. */ static inline void inode_dio_end(struct inode *inode) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&inode->i_dio_count)) wake_up_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_DIO_WAKEUP); } /* * Warn about a page cache invalidation failure diring a direct I/O write. */ void dio_warn_stale_pagecache(struct file *filp); extern void inode_set_flags(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags, unsigned int mask); extern const struct file_operations generic_ro_fops; #define special_file(m) (S_ISCHR(m)||S_ISBLK(m)||S_ISFIFO(m)||S_ISSOCK(m)) extern int readlink_copy(char __user *, int, const char *); extern int page_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int); extern const char *page_get_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); extern void page_put_link(void *); extern int __page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len, int nofs); extern int page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len); extern const struct inode_operations page_symlink_inode_operations; extern void kfree_link(void *); extern void generic_fillattr(struct inode *, struct kstat *); extern int vfs_getattr_nosec(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int vfs_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); void __inode_add_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void inode_add_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void __inode_sub_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); void inode_sub_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); static inline loff_t __inode_get_bytes(struct inode *inode) { return (((loff_t)inode->i_blocks) << 9) + inode->i_bytes; } loff_t inode_get_bytes(struct inode *inode); void inode_set_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes); const char *simple_get_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct delayed_call *); extern const struct inode_operations simple_symlink_inode_operations; extern int iterate_dir(struct file *, struct dir_context *); int vfs_fstatat(int dfd, const char __user *filename, struct kstat *stat, int flags); int vfs_fstat(int fd, struct kstat *stat); static inline int vfs_stat(const char __user *filename, struct kstat *stat) { return vfs_fstatat(AT_FDCWD, filename, stat, 0); } static inline int vfs_lstat(const char __user *name, struct kstat *stat) { return vfs_fstatat(AT_FDCWD, name, stat, AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW); } extern const char *vfs_get_link(struct dentry *, struct delayed_call *); extern int vfs_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int); extern struct file_system_type *get_filesystem(struct file_system_type *fs); extern void put_filesystem(struct file_system_type *fs); extern struct file_system_type *get_fs_type(const char *name); extern struct super_block *get_super(struct block_device *); extern struct super_block *get_super_thawed(struct block_device *); extern struct super_block *get_super_exclusive_thawed(struct block_device *bdev); extern struct super_block *get_active_super(struct block_device *bdev); extern void drop_super(struct super_block *sb); extern void drop_super_exclusive(struct super_block *sb); extern void iterate_supers(void (*)(struct super_block *, void *), void *); extern void iterate_supers_type(struct file_system_type *, void (*)(struct super_block *, void *), void *); extern int dcache_dir_open(struct inode *, struct file *); extern int dcache_dir_close(struct inode *, struct file *); extern loff_t dcache_dir_lseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); extern int dcache_readdir(struct file *, struct dir_context *); extern int simple_setattr(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int simple_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int simple_statfs(struct dentry *, struct kstatfs *); extern int simple_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); extern int simple_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_unlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_rmdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *); extern int simple_rename(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); extern void simple_recursive_removal(struct dentry *, void (*callback)(struct dentry *)); extern int noop_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int noop_set_page_dirty(struct page *page); extern void noop_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); extern ssize_t noop_direct_IO(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter); extern int simple_empty(struct dentry *); extern int simple_readpage(struct file *file, struct page *page); extern int simple_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); extern int simple_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page, void *fsdata); extern int always_delete_dentry(const struct dentry *); extern struct inode *alloc_anon_inode(struct super_block *); extern int simple_nosetlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **, void **); extern const struct dentry_operations simple_dentry_operations; extern struct dentry *simple_lookup(struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int flags); extern ssize_t generic_read_dir(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern const struct file_operations simple_dir_operations; extern const struct inode_operations simple_dir_inode_operations; extern void make_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode); extern bool is_empty_dir_inode(struct inode *inode); struct tree_descr { const char *name; const struct file_operations *ops; int mode; }; struct dentry *d_alloc_name(struct dentry *, const char *); extern int simple_fill_super(struct super_block *, unsigned long, const struct tree_descr *); extern int simple_pin_fs(struct file_system_type *, struct vfsmount **mount, int *count); extern void simple_release_fs(struct vfsmount **mount, int *count); extern ssize_t simple_read_from_buffer(void __user *to, size_t count, loff_t *ppos, const void *from, size_t available); extern ssize_t simple_write_to_buffer(void *to, size_t available, loff_t *ppos, const void __user *from, size_t count); extern int __generic_file_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int generic_file_fsync(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); extern int generic_check_addressable(unsigned, u64); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE extern int generic_ci_d_hash(const struct dentry *dentry, struct qstr *str); extern int generic_ci_d_compare(const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int len, const char *str, const struct qstr *name); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION extern int buffer_migrate_page(struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); extern int buffer_migrate_page_norefs(struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); #else #define buffer_migrate_page NULL #define buffer_migrate_page_norefs NULL #endif extern int setattr_prepare(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int inode_newsize_ok(const struct inode *, loff_t offset); extern void setattr_copy(struct inode *inode, const struct iattr *attr); extern int file_update_time(struct file *file); static inline bool vma_is_dax(const struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_file && IS_DAX(vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host); } static inline bool vma_is_fsdax(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct inode *inode; if (!vma->vm_file) return false; if (!vma_is_dax(vma)) return false; inode = file_inode(vma->vm_file); if (S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode)) return false; /* device-dax */ return true; } static inline int iocb_flags(struct file *file) { int res = 0; if (file->f_flags & O_APPEND) res |= IOCB_APPEND; if (file->f_flags & O_DIRECT) res |= IOCB_DIRECT; if ((file->f_flags & O_DSYNC) || IS_SYNC(file->f_mapping->host)) res |= IOCB_DSYNC; if (file->f_flags & __O_SYNC) res |= IOCB_SYNC; return res; } static inline int kiocb_set_rw_flags(struct kiocb *ki, rwf_t flags) { int kiocb_flags = 0; /* make sure there's no overlap between RWF and private IOCB flags */ BUILD_BUG_ON((__force int) RWF_SUPPORTED & IOCB_EVENTFD); if (!flags) return 0; if (unlikely(flags & ~RWF_SUPPORTED)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (flags & RWF_NOWAIT) { if (!(ki->ki_filp->f_mode & FMODE_NOWAIT)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; kiocb_flags |= IOCB_NOIO; } kiocb_flags |= (__force int) (flags & RWF_SUPPORTED); if (flags & RWF_SYNC) kiocb_flags |= IOCB_DSYNC; ki->ki_flags |= kiocb_flags; return 0; } static inline ino_t parent_ino(struct dentry *dentry) { ino_t res; /* * Don't strictly need d_lock here? If the parent ino could change * then surely we'd have a deeper race in the caller? */ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); res = dentry->d_parent->d_inode->i_ino; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return res; } /* Transaction based IO helpers */ /* * An argresp is stored in an allocated page and holds the * size of the argument or response, along with its content */ struct simple_transaction_argresp { ssize_t size; char data[]; }; #define SIMPLE_TRANSACTION_LIMIT (PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct simple_transaction_argresp)) char *simple_transaction_get(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t size); ssize_t simple_transaction_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t size, loff_t *pos); int simple_transaction_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); void simple_transaction_set(struct file *file, size_t n); /* * simple attribute files * * These attributes behave similar to those in sysfs: * * Writing to an attribute immediately sets a value, an open file can be * written to multiple times. * * Reading from an attribute creates a buffer from the value that might get * read with multiple read calls. When the attribute has been read * completely, no further read calls are possible until the file is opened * again. * * All attributes contain a text representation of a numeric value * that are accessed with the get() and set() functions. */ #define DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(__fops, __get, __set, __fmt) \ static int __fops ## _open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) \ { \ __simple_attr_check_format(__fmt, 0ull); \ return simple_attr_open(inode, file, __get, __set, __fmt); \ } \ static const struct file_operations __fops = { \ .owner = THIS_MODULE, \ .open = __fops ## _open, \ .release = simple_attr_release, \ .read = simple_attr_read, \ .write = simple_attr_write, \ .llseek = generic_file_llseek, \ } static inline __printf(1, 2) void __simple_attr_check_format(const char *fmt, ...) { /* don't do anything, just let the compiler check the arguments; */ } int simple_attr_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, int (*get)(void *, u64 *), int (*set)(void *, u64), const char *fmt); int simple_attr_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file); ssize_t simple_attr_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos); ssize_t simple_attr_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos); struct ctl_table; int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int proc_nr_dentry(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int proc_nr_inodes(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos); int __init get_filesystem_list(char *buf); #define __FMODE_EXEC ((__force int) FMODE_EXEC) #define __FMODE_NONOTIFY ((__force int) FMODE_NONOTIFY) #define ACC_MODE(x) ("\004\002\006\006"[(x)&O_ACCMODE]) #define OPEN_FMODE(flag) ((__force fmode_t)(((flag + 1) & O_ACCMODE) | \ (flag & __FMODE_NONOTIFY))) static inline bool is_sxid(umode_t mode) { return (mode & S_ISUID) || ((mode & S_ISGID) && (mode & S_IXGRP)); } static inline int check_sticky(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode) { if (!(dir->i_mode & S_ISVTX)) return 0; return __check_sticky(dir, inode); } static inline void inode_has_no_xattr(struct inode *inode) { if (!is_sxid(inode->i_mode) && (inode->i_sb->s_flags & SB_NOSEC)) inode->i_flags |= S_NOSEC; } static inline bool is_root_inode(struct inode *inode) { return inode == inode->i_sb->s_root->d_inode; } static inline bool dir_emit(struct dir_context *ctx, const char *name, int namelen, u64 ino, unsigned type) { return ctx->actor(ctx, name, namelen, ctx->pos, ino, type) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dot(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return ctx->actor(ctx, ".", 1, ctx->pos, file->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_ino, DT_DIR) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dotdot(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { return ctx->actor(ctx, "..", 2, ctx->pos, parent_ino(file->f_path.dentry), DT_DIR) == 0; } static inline bool dir_emit_dots(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx) { if (ctx->pos == 0) { if (!dir_emit_dot(file, ctx)) return false; ctx->pos = 1; } if (ctx->pos == 1) { if (!dir_emit_dotdot(file, ctx)) return false; ctx->pos = 2; } return true; } static inline bool dir_relax(struct inode *inode) { inode_unlock(inode); inode_lock(inode); return !IS_DEADDIR(inode); } static inline bool dir_relax_shared(struct inode *inode) { inode_unlock_shared(inode); inode_lock_shared(inode); return !IS_DEADDIR(inode); } extern bool path_noexec(const struct path *path); extern void inode_nohighmem(struct inode *inode); /* mm/fadvise.c */ extern int vfs_fadvise(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int advice); extern int generic_fadvise(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t len, int advice); int vfs_ioc_setflags_prepare(struct inode *inode, unsigned int oldflags, unsigned int flags); int vfs_ioc_fssetxattr_check(struct inode *inode, const struct fsxattr *old_fa, struct fsxattr *fa); static inline void simple_fill_fsxattr(struct fsxattr *fa, __u32 xflags) { memset(fa, 0, sizeof(*fa)); fa->fsx_xflags = xflags; } /* * Flush file data before changing attributes. Caller must hold any locks * required to prevent further writes to this file until we're done setting * flags. */ static inline int inode_drain_writes(struct inode *inode) { inode_dio_wait(inode); return filemap_write_and_wait(inode->i_mapping); } #endif /* _LINUX_FS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/pagevec.h * * In many places it is efficient to batch an operation up against multiple * pages. A pagevec is a multipage container which is used for that. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PAGEVEC_H #define _LINUX_PAGEVEC_H #include <linux/xarray.h> /* 15 pointers + header align the pagevec structure to a power of two */ #define PAGEVEC_SIZE 15 struct page; struct address_space; struct pagevec { unsigned char nr; bool percpu_pvec_drained; struct page *pages[PAGEVEC_SIZE]; }; void __pagevec_release(struct pagevec *pvec); void __pagevec_lru_add(struct pagevec *pvec); unsigned pagevec_lookup_entries(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, unsigned nr_entries, pgoff_t *indices); void pagevec_remove_exceptionals(struct pagevec *pvec); unsigned pagevec_lookup_range(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *start, pgoff_t end); static inline unsigned pagevec_lookup(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *start) { return pagevec_lookup_range(pvec, mapping, start, (pgoff_t)-1); } unsigned pagevec_lookup_range_tag(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, pgoff_t end, xa_mark_t tag); unsigned pagevec_lookup_range_nr_tag(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, pgoff_t end, xa_mark_t tag, unsigned max_pages); static inline unsigned pagevec_lookup_tag(struct pagevec *pvec, struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t *index, xa_mark_t tag) { return pagevec_lookup_range_tag(pvec, mapping, index, (pgoff_t)-1, tag); } static inline void pagevec_init(struct pagevec *pvec) { pvec->nr = 0; pvec->percpu_pvec_drained = false; } static inline void pagevec_reinit(struct pagevec *pvec) { pvec->nr = 0; } static inline unsigned pagevec_count(struct pagevec *pvec) { return pvec->nr; } static inline unsigned pagevec_space(struct pagevec *pvec) { return PAGEVEC_SIZE - pvec->nr; } /* * Add a page to a pagevec. Returns the number of slots still available. */ static inline unsigned pagevec_add(struct pagevec *pvec, struct page *page) { pvec->pages[pvec->nr++] = page; return pagevec_space(pvec); } static inline void pagevec_release(struct pagevec *pvec) { if (pagevec_count(pvec)) __pagevec_release(pvec); } #endif /* _LINUX_PAGEVEC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PKEYS_H #define _ASM_X86_PKEYS_H #define ARCH_DEFAULT_PKEY 0 /* * If more than 16 keys are ever supported, a thorough audit * will be necessary to ensure that the types that store key * numbers and masks have sufficient capacity. */ #define arch_max_pkey() (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE) ? 16 : 1) extern int arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); static inline bool arch_pkeys_enabled(void) { return boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE); } /* * Try to dedicate one of the protection keys to be used as an * execute-only protection key. */ extern int __execute_only_pkey(struct mm_struct *mm); static inline int execute_only_pkey(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return ARCH_DEFAULT_PKEY; return __execute_only_pkey(mm); } extern int __arch_override_mprotect_pkey(struct vm_area_struct *vma, int prot, int pkey); static inline int arch_override_mprotect_pkey(struct vm_area_struct *vma, int prot, int pkey) { if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return 0; return __arch_override_mprotect_pkey(vma, prot, pkey); } extern int __arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); #define ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS (VM_PKEY_BIT0 | VM_PKEY_BIT1 | VM_PKEY_BIT2 | VM_PKEY_BIT3) #define mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) (mm->context.pkey_allocation_map) #define mm_set_pkey_allocated(mm, pkey) do { \ mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) |= (1U << pkey); \ } while (0) #define mm_set_pkey_free(mm, pkey) do { \ mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) &= ~(1U << pkey); \ } while (0) static inline bool mm_pkey_is_allocated(struct mm_struct *mm, int pkey) { /* * "Allocated" pkeys are those that have been returned * from pkey_alloc() or pkey 0 which is allocated * implicitly when the mm is created. */ if (pkey < 0) return false; if (pkey >= arch_max_pkey()) return false; /* * The exec-only pkey is set in the allocation map, but * is not available to any of the user interfaces like * mprotect_pkey(). */ if (pkey == mm->context.execute_only_pkey) return false; return mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) & (1U << pkey); } /* * Returns a positive, 4-bit key on success, or -1 on failure. */ static inline int mm_pkey_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* * Note: this is the one and only place we make sure * that the pkey is valid as far as the hardware is * concerned. The rest of the kernel trusts that * only good, valid pkeys come out of here. */ u16 all_pkeys_mask = ((1U << arch_max_pkey()) - 1); int ret; /* * Are we out of pkeys? We must handle this specially * because ffz() behavior is undefined if there are no * zeros. */ if (mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) == all_pkeys_mask) return -1; ret = ffz(mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm)); mm_set_pkey_allocated(mm, ret); return ret; } static inline int mm_pkey_free(struct mm_struct *mm, int pkey) { if (!mm_pkey_is_allocated(mm, pkey)) return -EINVAL; mm_set_pkey_free(mm, pkey); return 0; } extern int arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); extern int __arch_set_user_pkey_access(struct task_struct *tsk, int pkey, unsigned long init_val); extern void copy_init_pkru_to_fpregs(void); static inline int vma_pkey(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { unsigned long vma_pkey_mask = VM_PKEY_BIT0 | VM_PKEY_BIT1 | VM_PKEY_BIT2 | VM_PKEY_BIT3; return (vma->vm_flags & vma_pkey_mask) >> VM_PKEY_SHIFT; } #endif /*_ASM_X86_PKEYS_H */
1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Private definitions for the generic associative array implementation. * * See Documentation/core-api/assoc_array.rst for information. * * Copyright (C) 2013 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef _LINUX_ASSOC_ARRAY_PRIV_H #define _LINUX_ASSOC_ARRAY_PRIV_H #ifdef CONFIG_ASSOCIATIVE_ARRAY #include <linux/assoc_array.h> #define ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT 16 /* Number of slots per node */ #define ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_MASK (ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT - 1) #define ASSOC_ARRAY_LEVEL_STEP (ilog2(ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT)) #define ASSOC_ARRAY_LEVEL_STEP_MASK (ASSOC_ARRAY_LEVEL_STEP - 1) #define ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_MASK (ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SIZE - 1) #define ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SHIFT (ilog2(BITS_PER_LONG)) /* * Undefined type representing a pointer with type information in the bottom * two bits. */ struct assoc_array_ptr; /* * An N-way node in the tree. * * Each slot contains one of four things: * * (1) Nothing (NULL). * * (2) A leaf object (pointer types 0). * * (3) A next-level node (pointer type 1, subtype 0). * * (4) A shortcut (pointer type 1, subtype 1). * * The tree is optimised for search-by-ID, but permits reasonable iteration * also. * * The tree is navigated by constructing an index key consisting of an array of * segments, where each segment is ilog2(ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT) bits in size. * * The segments correspond to levels of the tree (the first segment is used at * level 0, the second at level 1, etc.). */ struct assoc_array_node { struct assoc_array_ptr *back_pointer; u8 parent_slot; struct assoc_array_ptr *slots[ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT]; unsigned long nr_leaves_on_branch; }; /* * A shortcut through the index space out to where a collection of nodes/leaves * with the same IDs live. */ struct assoc_array_shortcut { struct assoc_array_ptr *back_pointer; int parent_slot; int skip_to_level; struct assoc_array_ptr *next_node; unsigned long index_key[]; }; /* * Preallocation cache. */ struct assoc_array_edit { struct rcu_head rcu; struct assoc_array *array; const struct assoc_array_ops *ops; const struct assoc_array_ops *ops_for_excised_subtree; struct assoc_array_ptr *leaf; struct assoc_array_ptr **leaf_p; struct assoc_array_ptr *dead_leaf; struct assoc_array_ptr *new_meta[3]; struct assoc_array_ptr *excised_meta[1]; struct assoc_array_ptr *excised_subtree; struct assoc_array_ptr **set_backpointers[ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT]; struct assoc_array_ptr *set_backpointers_to; struct assoc_array_node *adjust_count_on; long adjust_count_by; struct { struct assoc_array_ptr **ptr; struct assoc_array_ptr *to; } set[2]; struct { u8 *p; u8 to; } set_parent_slot[1]; u8 segment_cache[ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT + 1]; }; /* * Internal tree member pointers are marked in the bottom one or two bits to * indicate what type they are so that we don't have to look behind every * pointer to see what it points to. * * We provide functions to test type annotations and to create and translate * the annotated pointers. */ #define ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_TYPE_MASK 0x1UL #define ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_LEAF_TYPE 0x0UL /* Points to leaf (or nowhere) */ #define ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_META_TYPE 0x1UL /* Points to node or shortcut */ #define ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_SUBTYPE_MASK 0x2UL #define ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_NODE_SUBTYPE 0x0UL #define ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_SHORTCUT_SUBTYPE 0x2UL static inline bool assoc_array_ptr_is_meta(const struct assoc_array_ptr *x) { return (unsigned long)x & ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_TYPE_MASK; } static inline bool assoc_array_ptr_is_leaf(const struct assoc_array_ptr *x) { return !assoc_array_ptr_is_meta(x); } static inline bool assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(const struct assoc_array_ptr *x) { return (unsigned long)x & ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_SUBTYPE_MASK; } static inline bool assoc_array_ptr_is_node(const struct assoc_array_ptr *x) { return !assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(x); } static inline void *assoc_array_ptr_to_leaf(const struct assoc_array_ptr *x) { return (void *)((unsigned long)x & ~ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_TYPE_MASK); } static inline unsigned long __assoc_array_ptr_to_meta(const struct assoc_array_ptr *x) { return (unsigned long)x & ~(ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_SUBTYPE_MASK | ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_TYPE_MASK); } static inline struct assoc_array_node *assoc_array_ptr_to_node(const struct assoc_array_ptr *x) { return (struct assoc_array_node *)__assoc_array_ptr_to_meta(x); } static inline struct assoc_array_shortcut *assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(const struct assoc_array_ptr *x) { return (struct assoc_array_shortcut *)__assoc_array_ptr_to_meta(x); } static inline struct assoc_array_ptr *__assoc_array_x_to_ptr(const void *p, unsigned long t) { return (struct assoc_array_ptr *)((unsigned long)p | t); } static inline struct assoc_array_ptr *assoc_array_leaf_to_ptr(const void *p) { return __assoc_array_x_to_ptr(p, ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_LEAF_TYPE); } static inline struct assoc_array_ptr *assoc_array_node_to_ptr(const struct assoc_array_node *p) { return __assoc_array_x_to_ptr( p, ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_META_TYPE | ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_NODE_SUBTYPE); } static inline struct assoc_array_ptr *assoc_array_shortcut_to_ptr(const struct assoc_array_shortcut *p) { return __assoc_array_x_to_ptr( p, ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_META_TYPE | ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_SHORTCUT_SUBTYPE); } #endif /* CONFIG_ASSOCIATIVE_ARRAY */ #endif /* _LINUX_ASSOC_ARRAY_PRIV_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2002 Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_STACKTRACE_H #define _ASM_X86_STACKTRACE_H #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <asm/cpu_entry_area.h> #include <asm/switch_to.h> enum stack_type { STACK_TYPE_UNKNOWN, STACK_TYPE_TASK, STACK_TYPE_IRQ, STACK_TYPE_SOFTIRQ, STACK_TYPE_ENTRY, STACK_TYPE_EXCEPTION, STACK_TYPE_EXCEPTION_LAST = STACK_TYPE_EXCEPTION + N_EXCEPTION_STACKS-1, }; struct stack_info { enum stack_type type; unsigned long *begin, *end, *next_sp; }; bool in_task_stack(unsigned long *stack, struct task_struct *task, struct stack_info *info); bool in_entry_stack(unsigned long *stack, struct stack_info *info); int get_stack_info(unsigned long *stack, struct task_struct *task, struct stack_info *info, unsigned long *visit_mask); bool get_stack_info_noinstr(unsigned long *stack, struct task_struct *task, struct stack_info *info); const char *stack_type_name(enum stack_type type); static inline bool on_stack(struct stack_info *info, void *addr, size_t len) { void *begin = info->begin; void *end = info->end; return (info->type != STACK_TYPE_UNKNOWN && addr >= begin && addr < end && addr + len > begin && addr + len <= end); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 #define STACKSLOTS_PER_LINE 8 #else #define STACKSLOTS_PER_LINE 4 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER static inline unsigned long * get_frame_pointer(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs) { if (regs) return (unsigned long *)regs->bp; if (task == current) return __builtin_frame_address(0); return &((struct inactive_task_frame *)task->thread.sp)->bp; } #else static inline unsigned long * get_frame_pointer(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER */ static inline unsigned long * get_stack_pointer(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs) { if (regs) return (unsigned long *)regs->sp; if (task == current) return __builtin_frame_address(0); return (unsigned long *)task->thread.sp; } void show_trace_log_lvl(struct task_struct *task, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long *stack, const char *log_lvl); /* The form of the top of the frame on the stack */ struct stack_frame { struct stack_frame *next_frame; unsigned long return_address; }; struct stack_frame_ia32 { u32 next_frame; u32 return_address; }; void show_opcodes(struct pt_regs *regs, const char *loglvl); void show_ip(struct pt_regs *regs, const char *loglvl); #endif /* _ASM_X86_STACKTRACE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * ALSA sequencer Memory Manager * Copyright (c) 1998 by Frank van de Pol <fvdpol@coil.demon.nl> */ #ifndef __SND_SEQ_MEMORYMGR_H #define __SND_SEQ_MEMORYMGR_H #include <sound/seq_kernel.h> #include <linux/poll.h> struct snd_info_buffer; /* container for sequencer event (internal use) */ struct snd_seq_event_cell { struct snd_seq_event event; struct snd_seq_pool *pool; /* used pool */ struct snd_seq_event_cell *next; /* next cell */ }; /* design note: the pool is a contiguous block of memory, if we dynamicly want to add additional cells to the pool be better store this in another pool as we need to know the base address of the pool when releasing memory. */ struct snd_seq_pool { struct snd_seq_event_cell *ptr; /* pointer to first event chunk */ struct snd_seq_event_cell *free; /* pointer to the head of the free list */ int total_elements; /* pool size actually allocated */ atomic_t counter; /* cells free */ int size; /* pool size to be allocated */ int room; /* watermark for sleep/wakeup */ int closing; /* statistics */ int max_used; int event_alloc_nopool; int event_alloc_failures; int event_alloc_success; /* Write locking */ wait_queue_head_t output_sleep; /* Pool lock */ spinlock_t lock; }; void snd_seq_cell_free(struct snd_seq_event_cell *cell); int snd_seq_event_dup(struct snd_seq_pool *pool, struct snd_seq_event *event, struct snd_seq_event_cell **cellp, int nonblock, struct file *file, struct mutex *mutexp); /* return number of unused (free) cells */ static inline int snd_seq_unused_cells(struct snd_seq_pool *pool) { return pool ? pool->total_elements - atomic_read(&pool->counter) : 0; } /* return total number of allocated cells */ static inline int snd_seq_total_cells(struct snd_seq_pool *pool) { return pool ? pool->total_elements : 0; } /* init pool - allocate events */ int snd_seq_pool_init(struct snd_seq_pool *pool); /* done pool - free events */ void snd_seq_pool_mark_closing(struct snd_seq_pool *pool); int snd_seq_pool_done(struct snd_seq_pool *pool); /* create pool */ struct snd_seq_pool *snd_seq_pool_new(int poolsize); /* remove pool */ int snd_seq_pool_delete(struct snd_seq_pool **pool); /* polling */ int snd_seq_pool_poll_wait(struct snd_seq_pool *pool, struct file *file, poll_table *wait); void snd_seq_info_pool(struct snd_info_buffer *buffer, struct snd_seq_pool *pool, char *space); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_SMP_H #define _ASM_X86_SMP_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <asm/percpu.h> #include <asm/thread_info.h> #include <asm/cpumask.h> extern int smp_num_siblings; extern unsigned int num_processors; DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_sibling_map); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_core_map); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_die_map); /* cpus sharing the last level cache: */ DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(cpumask_var_t, cpu_llc_shared_map); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, cpu_llc_id); DECLARE_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(int, cpu_number); static inline struct cpumask *cpu_llc_shared_mask(int cpu) { return per_cpu(cpu_llc_shared_map, cpu); } DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, x86_cpu_to_apicid); DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u32, x86_cpu_to_acpiid); DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(u16, x86_bios_cpu_apicid); #if defined(CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC) && defined(CONFIG_X86_32) DECLARE_EARLY_PER_CPU_READ_MOSTLY(int, x86_cpu_to_logical_apicid); #endif struct task_struct; struct smp_ops { void (*smp_prepare_boot_cpu)(void); void (*smp_prepare_cpus)(unsigned max_cpus); void (*smp_cpus_done)(unsigned max_cpus); void (*stop_other_cpus)(int wait); void (*crash_stop_other_cpus)(void); void (*smp_send_reschedule)(int cpu); int (*cpu_up)(unsigned cpu, struct task_struct *tidle); int (*cpu_disable)(void); void (*cpu_die)(unsigned int cpu); void (*play_dead)(void); void (*send_call_func_ipi)(const struct cpumask *mask); void (*send_call_func_single_ipi)(int cpu); }; /* Globals due to paravirt */ extern void set_cpu_sibling_map(int cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern struct smp_ops smp_ops; static inline void smp_send_stop(void) { smp_ops.stop_other_cpus(0); } static inline void stop_other_cpus(void) { smp_ops.stop_other_cpus(1); } static inline void smp_prepare_boot_cpu(void) { smp_ops.smp_prepare_boot_cpu(); } static inline void smp_prepare_cpus(unsigned int max_cpus) { smp_ops.smp_prepare_cpus(max_cpus); } static inline void smp_cpus_done(unsigned int max_cpus) { smp_ops.smp_cpus_done(max_cpus); } static inline int __cpu_up(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *tidle) { return smp_ops.cpu_up(cpu, tidle); } static inline int __cpu_disable(void) { return smp_ops.cpu_disable(); } static inline void __cpu_die(unsigned int cpu) { smp_ops.cpu_die(cpu); } static inline void play_dead(void) { smp_ops.play_dead(); } static inline void smp_send_reschedule(int cpu) { smp_ops.smp_send_reschedule(cpu); } static inline void arch_send_call_function_single_ipi(int cpu) { smp_ops.send_call_func_single_ipi(cpu); } static inline void arch_send_call_function_ipi_mask(const struct cpumask *mask) { smp_ops.send_call_func_ipi(mask); } void cpu_disable_common(void); void native_smp_prepare_boot_cpu(void); void native_smp_prepare_cpus(unsigned int max_cpus); void calculate_max_logical_packages(void); void native_smp_cpus_done(unsigned int max_cpus); int common_cpu_up(unsigned int cpunum, struct task_struct *tidle); int native_cpu_up(unsigned int cpunum, struct task_struct *tidle); int native_cpu_disable(void); int common_cpu_die(unsigned int cpu); void native_cpu_die(unsigned int cpu); void hlt_play_dead(void); void native_play_dead(void); void play_dead_common(void); void wbinvd_on_cpu(int cpu); int wbinvd_on_all_cpus(void); void cond_wakeup_cpu0(void); void native_smp_send_reschedule(int cpu); void native_send_call_func_ipi(const struct cpumask *mask); void native_send_call_func_single_ipi(int cpu); void x86_idle_thread_init(unsigned int cpu, struct task_struct *idle); void smp_store_boot_cpu_info(void); void smp_store_cpu_info(int id); asmlinkage __visible void smp_reboot_interrupt(void); __visible void smp_reschedule_interrupt(struct pt_regs *regs); __visible void smp_call_function_interrupt(struct pt_regs *regs); __visible void smp_call_function_single_interrupt(struct pt_regs *r); #define cpu_physical_id(cpu) per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_apicid, cpu) #define cpu_acpi_id(cpu) per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_acpiid, cpu) /* * This function is needed by all SMP systems. It must _always_ be valid * from the initial startup. We map APIC_BASE very early in page_setup(), * so this is correct in the x86 case. */ #define raw_smp_processor_id() this_cpu_read(cpu_number) #define __smp_processor_id() __this_cpu_read(cpu_number) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 extern int safe_smp_processor_id(void); #else # define safe_smp_processor_id() smp_processor_id() #endif #else /* !CONFIG_SMP */ #define wbinvd_on_cpu(cpu) wbinvd() static inline int wbinvd_on_all_cpus(void) { wbinvd(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ extern unsigned disabled_cpus; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC extern int hard_smp_processor_id(void); #else /* CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC */ #define hard_smp_processor_id() 0 #endif /* CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_NMI_SELFTEST extern void nmi_selftest(void); #else #define nmi_selftest() do { } while (0) #endif #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_SMP_H */
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