1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_JUMP_LABEL_H #define _LINUX_JUMP_LABEL_H /* * Jump label support * * Copyright (C) 2009-2012 Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com> * Copyright (C) 2011-2012 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra * * DEPRECATED API: * * The use of 'struct static_key' directly, is now DEPRECATED. In addition * static_key_{true,false}() is also DEPRECATED. IE DO NOT use the following: * * struct static_key false = STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE; * struct static_key true = STATIC_KEY_INIT_TRUE; * static_key_true() * static_key_false() * * The updated API replacements are: * * DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(key); * DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(key); * DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_ARRAY_TRUE(keys, count); * DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_ARRAY_FALSE(keys, count); * static_branch_likely() * static_branch_unlikely() * * Jump labels provide an interface to generate dynamic branches using * self-modifying code. Assuming toolchain and architecture support, if we * define a "key" that is initially false via "DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(key)", * an "if (static_branch_unlikely(&key))" statement is an unconditional branch * (which defaults to false - and the true block is placed out of line). * Similarly, we can define an initially true key via * "DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(key)", and use it in the same * "if (static_branch_unlikely(&key))", in which case we will generate an * unconditional branch to the out-of-line true branch. Keys that are * initially true or false can be using in both static_branch_unlikely() * and static_branch_likely() statements. * * At runtime we can change the branch target by setting the key * to true via a call to static_branch_enable(), or false using * static_branch_disable(). If the direction of the branch is switched by * these calls then we run-time modify the branch target via a * no-op -> jump or jump -> no-op conversion. For example, for an * initially false key that is used in an "if (static_branch_unlikely(&key))" * statement, setting the key to true requires us to patch in a jump * to the out-of-line of true branch. * * In addition to static_branch_{enable,disable}, we can also reference count * the key or branch direction via static_branch_{inc,dec}. Thus, * static_branch_inc() can be thought of as a 'make more true' and * static_branch_dec() as a 'make more false'. * * Since this relies on modifying code, the branch modifying functions * must be considered absolute slow paths (machine wide synchronization etc.). * OTOH, since the affected branches are unconditional, their runtime overhead * will be absolutely minimal, esp. in the default (off) case where the total * effect is a single NOP of appropriate size. The on case will patch in a jump * to the out-of-line block. * * When the control is directly exposed to userspace, it is prudent to delay the * decrement to avoid high frequency code modifications which can (and do) * cause significant performance degradation. Struct static_key_deferred and * static_key_slow_dec_deferred() provide for this. * * Lacking toolchain and or architecture support, static keys fall back to a * simple conditional branch. * * Additional babbling in: Documentation/staging/static-keys.rst */ #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> extern bool static_key_initialized; #define STATIC_KEY_CHECK_USE(key) WARN(!static_key_initialized, \ "%s(): static key '%pS' used before call to jump_label_init()", \ __func__, (key)) #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL struct static_key { atomic_t enabled; /* * Note: * To make anonymous unions work with old compilers, the static * initialization of them requires brackets. This creates a dependency * on the order of the struct with the initializers. If any fields * are added, STATIC_KEY_INIT_TRUE and STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE may need * to be modified. * * bit 0 => 1 if key is initially true * 0 if initially false * bit 1 => 1 if points to struct static_key_mod * 0 if points to struct jump_entry */ union { unsigned long type; struct jump_entry *entries; struct static_key_mod *next; }; }; #else struct static_key { atomic_t enabled; }; #endif /* CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL #include <asm/jump_label.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_JUMP_LABEL_RELATIVE struct jump_entry { s32 code; s32 target; long key; // key may be far away from the core kernel under KASLR }; static inline unsigned long jump_entry_code(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return (unsigned long)&entry->code + entry->code; } static inline unsigned long jump_entry_target(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return (unsigned long)&entry->target + entry->target; } static inline struct static_key *jump_entry_key(const struct jump_entry *entry) { long offset = entry->key & ~3L; return (struct static_key *)((unsigned long)&entry->key + offset); } #else static inline unsigned long jump_entry_code(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return entry->code; } static inline unsigned long jump_entry_target(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return entry->target; } static inline struct static_key *jump_entry_key(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return (struct static_key *)((unsigned long)entry->key & ~3UL); } #endif static inline bool jump_entry_is_branch(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry->key & 1UL; } static inline bool jump_entry_is_init(const struct jump_entry *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry->key & 2UL; } static inline void jump_entry_set_init(struct jump_entry *entry) { entry->key |= 2; } #endif #endif #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ enum jump_label_type { JUMP_LABEL_NOP = 0, JUMP_LABEL_JMP, }; struct module; #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL #define JUMP_TYPE_FALSE 0UL #define JUMP_TYPE_TRUE 1UL #define JUMP_TYPE_LINKED 2UL #define JUMP_TYPE_MASK 3UL static __always_inline bool static_key_false(struct static_key *key) { return arch_static_branch(key, false); } static __always_inline bool static_key_true(struct static_key *key) { return !arch_static_branch(key, true); } extern struct jump_entry __start___jump_table[]; extern struct jump_entry __stop___jump_table[]; extern void jump_label_init(void); extern void jump_label_lock(void); extern void jump_label_unlock(void); extern void arch_jump_label_transform(struct jump_entry *entry, enum jump_label_type type); extern void arch_jump_label_transform_static(struct jump_entry *entry, enum jump_label_type type); extern bool arch_jump_label_transform_queue(struct jump_entry *entry, enum jump_label_type type); extern void arch_jump_label_transform_apply(void); extern int jump_label_text_reserved(void *start, void *end); extern void static_key_slow_inc(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_slow_dec(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_slow_inc_cpuslocked(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_slow_dec_cpuslocked(struct static_key *key); extern void jump_label_apply_nops(struct module *mod); extern int static_key_count(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_enable(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_disable(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_enable_cpuslocked(struct static_key *key); extern void static_key_disable_cpuslocked(struct static_key *key); /* * We should be using ATOMIC_INIT() for initializing .enabled, but * the inclusion of atomic.h is problematic for inclusion of jump_label.h * in 'low-level' headers. Thus, we are initializing .enabled with a * raw value, but have added a BUILD_BUG_ON() to catch any issues in * jump_label_init() see: kernel/jump_label.c. */ #define STATIC_KEY_INIT_TRUE \ { .enabled = { 1 }, \ { .entries = (void *)JUMP_TYPE_TRUE } } #define STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE \ { .enabled = { 0 }, \ { .entries = (void *)JUMP_TYPE_FALSE } } #else /* !CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL */ #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/bug.h> static inline int static_key_count(struct static_key *key) { return atomic_read(&key->enabled); } static __always_inline void jump_label_init(void) { static_key_initialized = true; } static __always_inline bool static_key_false(struct static_key *key) { if (unlikely(static_key_count(key) > 0)) return true; return false; } static __always_inline bool static_key_true(struct static_key *key) { if (likely(static_key_count(key) > 0)) return true; return false; } static inline void static_key_slow_inc(struct static_key *key) { STATIC_KEY_CHECK_USE(key); atomic_inc(&key->enabled); } static inline void static_key_slow_dec(struct static_key *key) { STATIC_KEY_CHECK_USE(key); atomic_dec(&key->enabled); } #define static_key_slow_inc_cpuslocked(key) static_key_slow_inc(key) #define static_key_slow_dec_cpuslocked(key) static_key_slow_dec(key) static inline int jump_label_text_reserved(void *start, void *end) { return 0; } static inline void jump_label_lock(void) {} static inline void jump_label_unlock(void) {} static inline int jump_label_apply_nops(struct module *mod) { return 0; } static inline void static_key_enable(struct static_key *key) { STATIC_KEY_CHECK_USE(key); if (atomic_read(&key->enabled) != 0) { WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&key->enabled) != 1); return; } atomic_set(&key->enabled, 1); } static inline void static_key_disable(struct static_key *key) { STATIC_KEY_CHECK_USE(key); if (atomic_read(&key->enabled) != 1) { WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&key->enabled) != 0); return; } atomic_set(&key->enabled, 0); } #define static_key_enable_cpuslocked(k) static_key_enable((k)) #define static_key_disable_cpuslocked(k) static_key_disable((k)) #define STATIC_KEY_INIT_TRUE { .enabled = ATOMIC_INIT(1) } #define STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE { .enabled = ATOMIC_INIT(0) } #endif /* CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL */ #define STATIC_KEY_INIT STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE #define jump_label_enabled static_key_enabled /* -------------------------------------------------------------------------- */ /* * Two type wrappers around static_key, such that we can use compile time * type differentiation to emit the right code. * * All the below code is macros in order to play type games. */ struct static_key_true { struct static_key key; }; struct static_key_false { struct static_key key; }; #define STATIC_KEY_TRUE_INIT (struct static_key_true) { .key = STATIC_KEY_INIT_TRUE, } #define STATIC_KEY_FALSE_INIT (struct static_key_false){ .key = STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE, } #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(name) \ struct static_key_true name = STATIC_KEY_TRUE_INIT #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE_RO(name) \ struct static_key_true name __ro_after_init = STATIC_KEY_TRUE_INIT #define DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(name) \ extern struct static_key_true name #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(name) \ struct static_key_false name = STATIC_KEY_FALSE_INIT #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE_RO(name) \ struct static_key_false name __ro_after_init = STATIC_KEY_FALSE_INIT #define DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(name) \ extern struct static_key_false name #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_ARRAY_TRUE(name, count) \ struct static_key_true name[count] = { \ [0 ... (count) - 1] = STATIC_KEY_TRUE_INIT, \ } #define DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_ARRAY_FALSE(name, count) \ struct static_key_false name[count] = { \ [0 ... (count) - 1] = STATIC_KEY_FALSE_INIT, \ } extern bool ____wrong_branch_error(void); #define static_key_enabled(x) \ ({ \ if (!__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key) && \ !__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_true) &&\ !__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_false)) \ ____wrong_branch_error(); \ static_key_count((struct static_key *)x) > 0; \ }) #ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL /* * Combine the right initial value (type) with the right branch order * to generate the desired result. * * * type\branch| likely (1) | unlikely (0) * -----------+-----------------------+------------------ * | | * true (1) | ... | ... * | NOP | JMP L * | <br-stmts> | 1: ... * | L: ... | * | | * | | L: <br-stmts> * | | jmp 1b * | | * -----------+-----------------------+------------------ * | | * false (0) | ... | ... * | JMP L | NOP * | <br-stmts> | 1: ... * | L: ... | * | | * | | L: <br-stmts> * | | jmp 1b * | | * -----------+-----------------------+------------------ * * The initial value is encoded in the LSB of static_key::entries, * type: 0 = false, 1 = true. * * The branch type is encoded in the LSB of jump_entry::key, * branch: 0 = unlikely, 1 = likely. * * This gives the following logic table: * * enabled type branch instuction * -----------------------------+----------- * 0 0 0 | NOP * 0 0 1 | JMP * 0 1 0 | NOP * 0 1 1 | JMP * * 1 0 0 | JMP * 1 0 1 | NOP * 1 1 0 | JMP * 1 1 1 | NOP * * Which gives the following functions: * * dynamic: instruction = enabled ^ branch * static: instruction = type ^ branch * * See jump_label_type() / jump_label_init_type(). */ #define static_branch_likely(x) \ ({ \ bool branch; \ if (__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_true)) \ branch = !arch_static_branch(&(x)->key, true); \ else if (__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_false)) \ branch = !arch_static_branch_jump(&(x)->key, true); \ else \ branch = ____wrong_branch_error(); \ likely(branch); \ }) #define static_branch_unlikely(x) \ ({ \ bool branch; \ if (__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_true)) \ branch = arch_static_branch_jump(&(x)->key, false); \ else if (__builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(*x), struct static_key_false)) \ branch = arch_static_branch(&(x)->key, false); \ else \ branch = ____wrong_branch_error(); \ unlikely(branch); \ }) #else /* !CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL */ #define static_branch_likely(x) likely(static_key_enabled(&(x)->key)) #define static_branch_unlikely(x) unlikely(static_key_enabled(&(x)->key)) #endif /* CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL */ /* * Advanced usage; refcount, branch is enabled when: count != 0 */ #define static_branch_inc(x) static_key_slow_inc(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_dec(x) static_key_slow_dec(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_inc_cpuslocked(x) static_key_slow_inc_cpuslocked(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_dec_cpuslocked(x) static_key_slow_dec_cpuslocked(&(x)->key) /* * Normal usage; boolean enable/disable. */ #define static_branch_enable(x) static_key_enable(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_disable(x) static_key_disable(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_enable_cpuslocked(x) static_key_enable_cpuslocked(&(x)->key) #define static_branch_disable_cpuslocked(x) static_key_disable_cpuslocked(&(x)->key) #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_JUMP_LABEL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H #include <linux/sched/signal.h> /* * cputime accounting APIs: */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE #include <asm/cputime.h> #ifndef cputime_to_nsecs # define cputime_to_nsecs(__ct) \ (cputime_to_usecs(__ct) * NSEC_PER_USEC) #endif #endif /* CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE */ #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN extern void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime); extern u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t); #else static inline void task_cputime(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utime, u64 *stime) { *utime = t->utime; *stime = t->stime; } static inline u64 task_gtime(struct task_struct *t) { return t->gtime; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { *utimescaled = t->utimescaled; *stimescaled = t->stimescaled; } #else static inline void task_cputime_scaled(struct task_struct *t, u64 *utimescaled, u64 *stimescaled) { task_cputime(t, utimescaled, stimescaled); } #endif extern void task_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void thread_group_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st); extern void cputime_adjust(struct task_cputime *curr, struct prev_cputime *prev, u64 *ut, u64 *st); /* * Thread group CPU time accounting. */ void thread_group_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, struct task_cputime *times); void thread_group_sample_cputime(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 *samples); /* * The following are functions that support scheduler-internal time accounting. * These functions are generally called at the timer tick. None of this depends * on CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS. */ /** * get_running_cputimer - return &tsk->signal->cputimer if cputimers are active * * @tsk: Pointer to target task. */ #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = &tsk->signal->cputimer; /* * Check whether posix CPU timers are active. If not the thread * group accounting is not active either. Lockless check. */ if (!READ_ONCE(tsk->signal->posix_cputimers.timers_active)) return NULL; /* * After we flush the task's sum_exec_runtime to sig->sum_sched_runtime * in __exit_signal(), we won't account to the signal struct further * cputime consumed by that task, even though the task can still be * ticking after __exit_signal(). * * In order to keep a consistent behaviour between thread group cputime * and thread group cputimer accounting, lets also ignore the cputime * elapsing after __exit_signal() in any thread group timer running. * * This makes sure that POSIX CPU clocks and timers are synchronized, so * that a POSIX CPU timer won't expire while the corresponding POSIX CPU * clock delta is behind the expiring timer value. */ if (unlikely(!tsk->sighand)) return NULL; return cputimer; } #else static inline struct thread_group_cputimer *get_running_cputimer(struct task_struct *tsk) { return NULL; } #endif /** * account_group_user_time - Maintain utime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the utime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the utime field there. */ static inline void account_group_user_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.utime); } /** * account_group_system_time - Maintain stime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @cputime: Time value by which to increment the stime field of the * thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the stime field there. */ static inline void account_group_system_time(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(cputime, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.stime); } /** * account_group_exec_runtime - Maintain exec runtime for a thread group. * * @tsk: Pointer to task structure. * @ns: Time value by which to increment the sum_exec_runtime field * of the thread_group_cputime structure. * * If thread group time is being maintained, get the structure for the * running CPU and update the sum_exec_runtime field there. */ static inline void account_group_exec_runtime(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long long ns) { struct thread_group_cputimer *cputimer = get_running_cputimer(tsk); if (!cputimer) return; atomic64_add(ns, &cputimer->cputime_atomic.sum_exec_runtime); } static inline void prev_cputime_init(struct prev_cputime *prev) { #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_NATIVE prev->utime = prev->stime = 0; raw_spin_lock_init(&prev->lock); #endif } extern unsigned long long task_sched_runtime(struct task_struct *task); #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_CPUTIME_H */
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2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 2041 2042 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 2050 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 2056 2057 2058 2059 2060 2061 2062 2063 2064 2065 2066 2067 2068 2069 2070 2071 2072 2073 2074 2075 2076 2077 2078 2079 2080 2081 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2087 2088 2089 2090 2091 2092 2093 2094 2095 2096 2097 2098 2099 2100 2101 2102 2103 2104 2105 2106 2107 2108 2109 2110 2111 2112 2113 2114 2115 2116 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Kprobes-based tracing events * * Created by Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com> * */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) "trace_kprobe: " fmt #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/rculist.h> #include <linux/error-injection.h> #include <asm/setup.h> /* for COMMAND_LINE_SIZE */ #include "trace_dynevent.h" #include "trace_kprobe_selftest.h" #include "trace_probe.h" #include "trace_probe_tmpl.h" #define KPROBE_EVENT_SYSTEM "kprobes" #define KRETPROBE_MAXACTIVE_MAX 4096 /* Kprobe early definition from command line */ static char kprobe_boot_events_buf[COMMAND_LINE_SIZE] __initdata; static int __init set_kprobe_boot_events(char *str) { strlcpy(kprobe_boot_events_buf, str, COMMAND_LINE_SIZE); disable_tracing_selftest("running kprobe events"); return 0; } __setup("kprobe_event=", set_kprobe_boot_events); static int trace_kprobe_create(int argc, const char **argv); static int trace_kprobe_show(struct seq_file *m, struct dyn_event *ev); static int trace_kprobe_release(struct dyn_event *ev); static bool trace_kprobe_is_busy(struct dyn_event *ev); static bool trace_kprobe_match(const char *system, const char *event, int argc, const char **argv, struct dyn_event *ev); static struct dyn_event_operations trace_kprobe_ops = { .create = trace_kprobe_create, .show = trace_kprobe_show, .is_busy = trace_kprobe_is_busy, .free = trace_kprobe_release, .match = trace_kprobe_match, }; /* * Kprobe event core functions */ struct trace_kprobe { struct dyn_event devent; struct kretprobe rp; /* Use rp.kp for kprobe use */ unsigned long __percpu *nhit; const char *symbol; /* symbol name */ struct trace_probe tp; }; static bool is_trace_kprobe(struct dyn_event *ev) { return ev->ops == &trace_kprobe_ops; } static struct trace_kprobe *to_trace_kprobe(struct dyn_event *ev) { return container_of(ev, struct trace_kprobe, devent); } /** * for_each_trace_kprobe - iterate over the trace_kprobe list * @pos: the struct trace_kprobe * for each entry * @dpos: the struct dyn_event * to use as a loop cursor */ #define for_each_trace_kprobe(pos, dpos) \ for_each_dyn_event(dpos) \ if (is_trace_kprobe(dpos) && (pos = to_trace_kprobe(dpos))) #define SIZEOF_TRACE_KPROBE(n) \ (offsetof(struct trace_kprobe, tp.args) + \ (sizeof(struct probe_arg) * (n))) static nokprobe_inline bool trace_kprobe_is_return(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { return tk->rp.handler != NULL; } static nokprobe_inline const char *trace_kprobe_symbol(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { return tk->symbol ? tk->symbol : "unknown"; } static nokprobe_inline unsigned long trace_kprobe_offset(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { return tk->rp.kp.offset; } static nokprobe_inline bool trace_kprobe_has_gone(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { return !!(kprobe_gone(&tk->rp.kp)); } static nokprobe_inline bool trace_kprobe_within_module(struct trace_kprobe *tk, struct module *mod) { int len = strlen(module_name(mod)); const char *name = trace_kprobe_symbol(tk); return strncmp(module_name(mod), name, len) == 0 && name[len] == ':'; } static nokprobe_inline bool trace_kprobe_module_exist(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { char *p; bool ret; if (!tk->symbol) return false; p = strchr(tk->symbol, ':'); if (!p) return true; *p = '\0'; mutex_lock(&module_mutex); ret = !!find_module(tk->symbol); mutex_unlock(&module_mutex); *p = ':'; return ret; } static bool trace_kprobe_is_busy(struct dyn_event *ev) { struct trace_kprobe *tk = to_trace_kprobe(ev); return trace_probe_is_enabled(&tk->tp); } static bool trace_kprobe_match_command_head(struct trace_kprobe *tk, int argc, const char **argv) { char buf[MAX_ARGSTR_LEN + 1]; if (!argc) return true; if (!tk->symbol) snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "0x%p", tk->rp.kp.addr); else if (tk->rp.kp.offset) snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s+%u", trace_kprobe_symbol(tk), tk->rp.kp.offset); else snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s", trace_kprobe_symbol(tk)); if (strcmp(buf, argv[0])) return false; argc--; argv++; return trace_probe_match_command_args(&tk->tp, argc, argv); } static bool trace_kprobe_match(const char *system, const char *event, int argc, const char **argv, struct dyn_event *ev) { struct trace_kprobe *tk = to_trace_kprobe(ev); return strcmp(trace_probe_name(&tk->tp), event) == 0 && (!system || strcmp(trace_probe_group_name(&tk->tp), system) == 0) && trace_kprobe_match_command_head(tk, argc, argv); } static nokprobe_inline unsigned long trace_kprobe_nhit(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { unsigned long nhit = 0; int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) nhit += *per_cpu_ptr(tk->nhit, cpu); return nhit; } static nokprobe_inline bool trace_kprobe_is_registered(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { return !(list_empty(&tk->rp.kp.list) && hlist_unhashed(&tk->rp.kp.hlist)); } /* Return 0 if it fails to find the symbol address */ static nokprobe_inline unsigned long trace_kprobe_address(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { unsigned long addr; if (tk->symbol) { addr = (unsigned long) kallsyms_lookup_name(trace_kprobe_symbol(tk)); if (addr) addr += tk->rp.kp.offset; } else { addr = (unsigned long)tk->rp.kp.addr; } return addr; } static nokprobe_inline struct trace_kprobe * trace_kprobe_primary_from_call(struct trace_event_call *call) { struct trace_probe *tp; tp = trace_probe_primary_from_call(call); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!tp)) return NULL; return container_of(tp, struct trace_kprobe, tp); } bool trace_kprobe_on_func_entry(struct trace_event_call *call) { struct trace_kprobe *tk = trace_kprobe_primary_from_call(call); return tk ? (kprobe_on_func_entry(tk->rp.kp.addr, tk->rp.kp.addr ? NULL : tk->rp.kp.symbol_name, tk->rp.kp.addr ? 0 : tk->rp.kp.offset) == 0) : false; } bool trace_kprobe_error_injectable(struct trace_event_call *call) { struct trace_kprobe *tk = trace_kprobe_primary_from_call(call); return tk ? within_error_injection_list(trace_kprobe_address(tk)) : false; } static int register_kprobe_event(struct trace_kprobe *tk); static int unregister_kprobe_event(struct trace_kprobe *tk); static int kprobe_dispatcher(struct kprobe *kp, struct pt_regs *regs); static int kretprobe_dispatcher(struct kretprobe_instance *ri, struct pt_regs *regs); static void free_trace_kprobe(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { if (tk) { trace_probe_cleanup(&tk->tp); kfree(tk->symbol); free_percpu(tk->nhit); kfree(tk); } } /* * Allocate new trace_probe and initialize it (including kprobes). */ static struct trace_kprobe *alloc_trace_kprobe(const char *group, const char *event, void *addr, const char *symbol, unsigned long offs, int maxactive, int nargs, bool is_return) { struct trace_kprobe *tk; int ret = -ENOMEM; tk = kzalloc(SIZEOF_TRACE_KPROBE(nargs), GFP_KERNEL); if (!tk) return ERR_PTR(ret); tk->nhit = alloc_percpu(unsigned long); if (!tk->nhit) goto error; if (symbol) { tk->symbol = kstrdup(symbol, GFP_KERNEL); if (!tk->symbol) goto error; tk->rp.kp.symbol_name = tk->symbol; tk->rp.kp.offset = offs; } else tk->rp.kp.addr = addr; if (is_return) tk->rp.handler = kretprobe_dispatcher; else tk->rp.kp.pre_handler = kprobe_dispatcher; tk->rp.maxactive = maxactive; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&tk->rp.kp.hlist); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tk->rp.kp.list); ret = trace_probe_init(&tk->tp, event, group, false); if (ret < 0) goto error; dyn_event_init(&tk->devent, &trace_kprobe_ops); return tk; error: free_trace_kprobe(tk); return ERR_PTR(ret); } static struct trace_kprobe *find_trace_kprobe(const char *event, const char *group) { struct dyn_event *pos; struct trace_kprobe *tk; for_each_trace_kprobe(tk, pos) if (strcmp(trace_probe_name(&tk->tp), event) == 0 && strcmp(trace_probe_group_name(&tk->tp), group) == 0) return tk; return NULL; } static inline int __enable_trace_kprobe(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { int ret = 0; if (trace_kprobe_is_registered(tk) && !trace_kprobe_has_gone(tk)) { if (trace_kprobe_is_return(tk)) ret = enable_kretprobe(&tk->rp); else ret = enable_kprobe(&tk->rp.kp); } return ret; } static void __disable_trace_kprobe(struct trace_probe *tp) { struct trace_probe *pos; struct trace_kprobe *tk; list_for_each_entry(pos, trace_probe_probe_list(tp), list) { tk = container_of(pos, struct trace_kprobe, tp); if (!trace_kprobe_is_registered(tk)) continue; if (trace_kprobe_is_return(tk)) disable_kretprobe(&tk->rp); else disable_kprobe(&tk->rp.kp); } } /* * Enable trace_probe * if the file is NULL, enable "perf" handler, or enable "trace" handler. */ static int enable_trace_kprobe(struct trace_event_call *call, struct trace_event_file *file) { struct trace_probe *pos, *tp; struct trace_kprobe *tk; bool enabled; int ret = 0; tp = trace_probe_primary_from_call(call); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!tp)) return -ENODEV; enabled = trace_probe_is_enabled(tp); /* This also changes "enabled" state */ if (file) { ret = trace_probe_add_file(tp, file); if (ret) return ret; } else trace_probe_set_flag(tp, TP_FLAG_PROFILE); if (enabled) return 0; list_for_each_entry(pos, trace_probe_probe_list(tp), list) { tk = container_of(pos, struct trace_kprobe, tp); if (trace_kprobe_has_gone(tk)) continue; ret = __enable_trace_kprobe(tk); if (ret) break; enabled = true; } if (ret) { /* Failed to enable one of them. Roll back all */ if (enabled) __disable_trace_kprobe(tp); if (file) trace_probe_remove_file(tp, file); else trace_probe_clear_flag(tp, TP_FLAG_PROFILE); } return ret; } /* * Disable trace_probe * if the file is NULL, disable "perf" handler, or disable "trace" handler. */ static int disable_trace_kprobe(struct trace_event_call *call, struct trace_event_file *file) { struct trace_probe *tp; tp = trace_probe_primary_from_call(call); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!tp)) return -ENODEV; if (file) { if (!trace_probe_get_file_link(tp, file)) return -ENOENT; if (!trace_probe_has_single_file(tp)) goto out; trace_probe_clear_flag(tp, TP_FLAG_TRACE); } else trace_probe_clear_flag(tp, TP_FLAG_PROFILE); if (!trace_probe_is_enabled(tp)) __disable_trace_kprobe(tp); out: if (file) /* * Synchronization is done in below function. For perf event, * file == NULL and perf_trace_event_unreg() calls * tracepoint_synchronize_unregister() to ensure synchronize * event. We don't need to care about it. */ trace_probe_remove_file(tp, file); return 0; } #if defined(CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE) && \ !defined(CONFIG_KPROBE_EVENTS_ON_NOTRACE) static bool __within_notrace_func(unsigned long addr) { unsigned long offset, size; if (!addr || !kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(addr, &size, &offset)) return false; /* Get the entry address of the target function */ addr -= offset; /* * Since ftrace_location_range() does inclusive range check, we need * to subtract 1 byte from the end address. */ return !ftrace_location_range(addr, addr + size - 1); } static bool within_notrace_func(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { unsigned long addr = trace_kprobe_address(tk); char symname[KSYM_NAME_LEN], *p; if (!__within_notrace_func(addr)) return false; /* Check if the address is on a suffixed-symbol */ if (!lookup_symbol_name(addr, symname)) { p = strchr(symname, '.'); if (!p) return true; *p = '\0'; addr = (unsigned long)kprobe_lookup_name(symname, 0); if (addr) return __within_notrace_func(addr); } return true; } #else #define within_notrace_func(tk) (false) #endif /* Internal register function - just handle k*probes and flags */ static int __register_trace_kprobe(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { int i, ret; ret = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_KPROBES); if (ret) return ret; if (trace_kprobe_is_registered(tk)) return -EINVAL; if (within_notrace_func(tk)) { pr_warn("Could not probe notrace function %s\n", trace_kprobe_symbol(tk)); return -EINVAL; } for (i = 0; i < tk->tp.nr_args; i++) { ret = traceprobe_update_arg(&tk->tp.args[i]); if (ret) return ret; } /* Set/clear disabled flag according to tp->flag */ if (trace_probe_is_enabled(&tk->tp)) tk->rp.kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; else tk->rp.kp.flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (trace_kprobe_is_return(tk)) ret = register_kretprobe(&tk->rp); else ret = register_kprobe(&tk->rp.kp); return ret; } /* Internal unregister function - just handle k*probes and flags */ static void __unregister_trace_kprobe(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { if (trace_kprobe_is_registered(tk)) { if (trace_kprobe_is_return(tk)) unregister_kretprobe(&tk->rp); else unregister_kprobe(&tk->rp.kp); /* Cleanup kprobe for reuse and mark it unregistered */ INIT_HLIST_NODE(&tk->rp.kp.hlist); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tk->rp.kp.list); if (tk->rp.kp.symbol_name) tk->rp.kp.addr = NULL; } } /* Unregister a trace_probe and probe_event */ static int unregister_trace_kprobe(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { /* If other probes are on the event, just unregister kprobe */ if (trace_probe_has_sibling(&tk->tp)) goto unreg; /* Enabled event can not be unregistered */ if (trace_probe_is_enabled(&tk->tp)) return -EBUSY; /* Will fail if probe is being used by ftrace or perf */ if (unregister_kprobe_event(tk)) return -EBUSY; unreg: __unregister_trace_kprobe(tk); dyn_event_remove(&tk->devent); trace_probe_unlink(&tk->tp); return 0; } static bool trace_kprobe_has_same_kprobe(struct trace_kprobe *orig, struct trace_kprobe *comp) { struct trace_probe_event *tpe = orig->tp.event; struct trace_probe *pos; int i; list_for_each_entry(pos, &tpe->probes, list) { orig = container_of(pos, struct trace_kprobe, tp); if (strcmp(trace_kprobe_symbol(orig), trace_kprobe_symbol(comp)) || trace_kprobe_offset(orig) != trace_kprobe_offset(comp)) continue; /* * trace_probe_compare_arg_type() ensured that nr_args and * each argument name and type are same. Let's compare comm. */ for (i = 0; i < orig->tp.nr_args; i++) { if (strcmp(orig->tp.args[i].comm, comp->tp.args[i].comm)) break; } if (i == orig->tp.nr_args) return true; } return false; } static int append_trace_kprobe(struct trace_kprobe *tk, struct trace_kprobe *to) { int ret; ret = trace_probe_compare_arg_type(&tk->tp, &to->tp); if (ret) { /* Note that argument starts index = 2 */ trace_probe_log_set_index(ret + 1); trace_probe_log_err(0, DIFF_ARG_TYPE); return -EEXIST; } if (trace_kprobe_has_same_kprobe(to, tk)) { trace_probe_log_set_index(0); trace_probe_log_err(0, SAME_PROBE); return -EEXIST; } /* Append to existing event */ ret = trace_probe_append(&tk->tp, &to->tp); if (ret) return ret; /* Register k*probe */ ret = __register_trace_kprobe(tk); if (ret == -ENOENT && !trace_kprobe_module_exist(tk)) { pr_warn("This probe might be able to register after target module is loaded. Continue.\n"); ret = 0; } if (ret) trace_probe_unlink(&tk->tp); else dyn_event_add(&tk->devent); return ret; } /* Register a trace_probe and probe_event */ static int register_trace_kprobe(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { struct trace_kprobe *old_tk; int ret; mutex_lock(&event_mutex); old_tk = find_trace_kprobe(trace_probe_name(&tk->tp), trace_probe_group_name(&tk->tp)); if (old_tk) { if (trace_kprobe_is_return(tk) != trace_kprobe_is_return(old_tk)) { trace_probe_log_set_index(0); trace_probe_log_err(0, DIFF_PROBE_TYPE); ret = -EEXIST; } else { ret = append_trace_kprobe(tk, old_tk); } goto end; } /* Register new event */ ret = register_kprobe_event(tk); if (ret) { if (ret == -EEXIST) { trace_probe_log_set_index(0); trace_probe_log_err(0, EVENT_EXIST); } else pr_warn("Failed to register probe event(%d)\n", ret); goto end; } /* Register k*probe */ ret = __register_trace_kprobe(tk); if (ret == -ENOENT && !trace_kprobe_module_exist(tk)) { pr_warn("This probe might be able to register after target module is loaded. Continue.\n"); ret = 0; } if (ret < 0) unregister_kprobe_event(tk); else dyn_event_add(&tk->devent); end: mutex_unlock(&event_mutex); return ret; } /* Module notifier call back, checking event on the module */ static int trace_kprobe_module_callback(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val, void *data) { struct module *mod = data; struct dyn_event *pos; struct trace_kprobe *tk; int ret; if (val != MODULE_STATE_COMING) return NOTIFY_DONE; /* Update probes on coming module */ mutex_lock(&event_mutex); for_each_trace_kprobe(tk, pos) { if (trace_kprobe_within_module(tk, mod)) { /* Don't need to check busy - this should have gone. */ __unregister_trace_kprobe(tk); ret = __register_trace_kprobe(tk); if (ret) pr_warn("Failed to re-register probe %s on %s: %d\n", trace_probe_name(&tk->tp), module_name(mod), ret); } } mutex_unlock(&event_mutex); return NOTIFY_DONE; } static struct notifier_block trace_kprobe_module_nb = { .notifier_call = trace_kprobe_module_callback, .priority = 1 /* Invoked after kprobe module callback */ }; /* Convert certain expected symbols into '_' when generating event names */ static inline void sanitize_event_name(char *name) { while (*name++ != '\0') if (*name == ':' || *name == '.') *name = '_'; } static int trace_kprobe_create(int argc, const char *argv[]) { /* * Argument syntax: * - Add kprobe: * p[:[GRP/]EVENT] [MOD:]KSYM[+OFFS]|KADDR [FETCHARGS] * - Add kretprobe: * r[MAXACTIVE][:[GRP/]EVENT] [MOD:]KSYM[+0] [FETCHARGS] * Or * p:[GRP/]EVENT] [MOD:]KSYM[+0]%return [FETCHARGS] * * Fetch args: * $retval : fetch return value * $stack : fetch stack address * $stackN : fetch Nth of stack (N:0-) * $comm : fetch current task comm * @ADDR : fetch memory at ADDR (ADDR should be in kernel) * @SYM[+|-offs] : fetch memory at SYM +|- offs (SYM is a data symbol) * %REG : fetch register REG * Dereferencing memory fetch: * +|-offs(ARG) : fetch memory at ARG +|- offs address. * Alias name of args: * NAME=FETCHARG : set NAME as alias of FETCHARG. * Type of args: * FETCHARG:TYPE : use TYPE instead of unsigned long. */ struct trace_kprobe *tk = NULL; int i, len, ret = 0; bool is_return = false; char *symbol = NULL, *tmp = NULL; const char *event = NULL, *group = KPROBE_EVENT_SYSTEM; int maxactive = 0; long offset = 0; void *addr = NULL; char buf[MAX_EVENT_NAME_LEN]; unsigned int flags = TPARG_FL_KERNEL; switch (argv[0][0]) { case 'r': is_return = true; break; case 'p': break; default: return -ECANCELED; } if (argc < 2) return -ECANCELED; trace_probe_log_init("trace_kprobe", argc, argv); event = strchr(&argv[0][1], ':'); if (event) event++; if (isdigit(argv[0][1])) { if (!is_return) { trace_probe_log_err(1, MAXACT_NO_KPROBE); goto parse_error; } if (event) len = event - &argv[0][1] - 1; else len = strlen(&argv[0][1]); if (len > MAX_EVENT_NAME_LEN - 1) { trace_probe_log_err(1, BAD_MAXACT); goto parse_error; } memcpy(buf, &argv[0][1], len); buf[len] = '\0'; ret = kstrtouint(buf, 0, &maxactive); if (ret || !maxactive) { trace_probe_log_err(1, BAD_MAXACT); goto parse_error; } /* kretprobes instances are iterated over via a list. The * maximum should stay reasonable. */ if (maxactive > KRETPROBE_MAXACTIVE_MAX) { trace_probe_log_err(1, MAXACT_TOO_BIG); goto parse_error; } } /* try to parse an address. if that fails, try to read the * input as a symbol. */ if (kstrtoul(argv[1], 0, (unsigned long *)&addr)) { trace_probe_log_set_index(1); /* Check whether uprobe event specified */ if (strchr(argv[1], '/') && strchr(argv[1], ':')) { ret = -ECANCELED; goto error; } /* a symbol specified */ symbol = kstrdup(argv[1], GFP_KERNEL); if (!symbol) return -ENOMEM; tmp = strchr(symbol, '%'); if (tmp) { if (!strcmp(tmp, "%return")) { *tmp = '\0'; is_return = true; } else { trace_probe_log_err(tmp - symbol, BAD_ADDR_SUFFIX); goto parse_error; } } /* TODO: support .init module functions */ ret = traceprobe_split_symbol_offset(symbol, &offset); if (ret || offset < 0 || offset > UINT_MAX) { trace_probe_log_err(0, BAD_PROBE_ADDR); goto parse_error; } if (is_return) flags |= TPARG_FL_RETURN; ret = kprobe_on_func_entry(NULL, symbol, offset); if (ret == 0) flags |= TPARG_FL_FENTRY; /* Defer the ENOENT case until register kprobe */ if (ret == -EINVAL && is_return) { trace_probe_log_err(0, BAD_RETPROBE); goto parse_error; } } trace_probe_log_set_index(0); if (event) { ret = traceprobe_parse_event_name(&event, &group, buf, event - argv[0]); if (ret) goto parse_error; } else { /* Make a new event name */ if (symbol) snprintf(buf, MAX_EVENT_NAME_LEN, "%c_%s_%ld", is_return ? 'r' : 'p', symbol, offset); else snprintf(buf, MAX_EVENT_NAME_LEN, "%c_0x%p", is_return ? 'r' : 'p', addr); sanitize_event_name(buf); event = buf; } /* setup a probe */ tk = alloc_trace_kprobe(group, event, addr, symbol, offset, maxactive, argc - 2, is_return); if (IS_ERR(tk)) { ret = PTR_ERR(tk); /* This must return -ENOMEM, else there is a bug */ WARN_ON_ONCE(ret != -ENOMEM); goto out; /* We know tk is not allocated */ } argc -= 2; argv += 2; /* parse arguments */ for (i = 0; i < argc && i < MAX_TRACE_ARGS; i++) { tmp = kstrdup(argv[i], GFP_KERNEL); if (!tmp) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto error; } trace_probe_log_set_index(i + 2); ret = traceprobe_parse_probe_arg(&tk->tp, i, tmp, flags); kfree(tmp); if (ret) goto error; /* This can be -ENOMEM */ } ret = traceprobe_set_print_fmt(&tk->tp, is_return); if (ret < 0) goto error; ret = register_trace_kprobe(tk); if (ret) { trace_probe_log_set_index(1); if (ret == -EILSEQ) trace_probe_log_err(0, BAD_INSN_BNDRY); else if (ret == -ENOENT) trace_probe_log_err(0, BAD_PROBE_ADDR); else if (ret != -ENOMEM && ret != -EEXIST) trace_probe_log_err(0, FAIL_REG_PROBE); goto error; } out: trace_probe_log_clear(); kfree(symbol); return ret; parse_error: ret = -EINVAL; error: free_trace_kprobe(tk); goto out; } static int create_or_delete_trace_kprobe(int argc, char **argv) { int ret; if (argv[0][0] == '-') return dyn_event_release(argc, argv, &trace_kprobe_ops); ret = trace_kprobe_create(argc, (const char **)argv); return ret == -ECANCELED ? -EINVAL : ret; } static int trace_kprobe_run_command(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd) { return trace_run_command(cmd->seq.buffer, create_or_delete_trace_kprobe); } /** * kprobe_event_cmd_init - Initialize a kprobe event command object * @cmd: A pointer to the dynevent_cmd struct representing the new event * @buf: A pointer to the buffer used to build the command * @maxlen: The length of the buffer passed in @buf * * Initialize a synthetic event command object. Use this before * calling any of the other kprobe_event functions. */ void kprobe_event_cmd_init(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, char *buf, int maxlen) { dynevent_cmd_init(cmd, buf, maxlen, DYNEVENT_TYPE_KPROBE, trace_kprobe_run_command); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kprobe_event_cmd_init); /** * __kprobe_event_gen_cmd_start - Generate a kprobe event command from arg list * @cmd: A pointer to the dynevent_cmd struct representing the new event * @name: The name of the kprobe event * @loc: The location of the kprobe event * @kretprobe: Is this a return probe? * @args: Variable number of arg (pairs), one pair for each field * * NOTE: Users normally won't want to call this function directly, but * rather use the kprobe_event_gen_cmd_start() wrapper, which automatically * adds a NULL to the end of the arg list. If this function is used * directly, make sure the last arg in the variable arg list is NULL. * * Generate a kprobe event command to be executed by * kprobe_event_gen_cmd_end(). This function can be used to generate the * complete command or only the first part of it; in the latter case, * kprobe_event_add_fields() can be used to add more fields following this. * * Unlikely the synth_event_gen_cmd_start(), @loc must be specified. This * returns -EINVAL if @loc == NULL. * * Return: 0 if successful, error otherwise. */ int __kprobe_event_gen_cmd_start(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, bool kretprobe, const char *name, const char *loc, ...) { char buf[MAX_EVENT_NAME_LEN]; struct dynevent_arg arg; va_list args; int ret; if (cmd->type != DYNEVENT_TYPE_KPROBE) return -EINVAL; if (!loc) return -EINVAL; if (kretprobe) snprintf(buf, MAX_EVENT_NAME_LEN, "r:kprobes/%s", name); else snprintf(buf, MAX_EVENT_NAME_LEN, "p:kprobes/%s", name); ret = dynevent_str_add(cmd, buf); if (ret) return ret; dynevent_arg_init(&arg, 0); arg.str = loc; ret = dynevent_arg_add(cmd, &arg, NULL); if (ret) return ret; va_start(args, loc); for (;;) { const char *field; field = va_arg(args, const char *); if (!field) break; if (++cmd->n_fields > MAX_TRACE_ARGS) { ret = -EINVAL; break; } arg.str = field; ret = dynevent_arg_add(cmd, &arg, NULL); if (ret) break; } va_end(args); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__kprobe_event_gen_cmd_start); /** * __kprobe_event_add_fields - Add probe fields to a kprobe command from arg list * @cmd: A pointer to the dynevent_cmd struct representing the new event * @args: Variable number of arg (pairs), one pair for each field * * NOTE: Users normally won't want to call this function directly, but * rather use the kprobe_event_add_fields() wrapper, which * automatically adds a NULL to the end of the arg list. If this * function is used directly, make sure the last arg in the variable * arg list is NULL. * * Add probe fields to an existing kprobe command using a variable * list of args. Fields are added in the same order they're listed. * * Return: 0 if successful, error otherwise. */ int __kprobe_event_add_fields(struct dynevent_cmd *cmd, ...) { struct dynevent_arg arg; va_list args; int ret = 0; if (cmd->type != DYNEVENT_TYPE_KPROBE) return -EINVAL; dynevent_arg_init(&arg, 0); va_start(args, cmd); for (;;) { const char *field; field = va_arg(args, const char *); if (!field) break; if (++cmd->n_fields > MAX_TRACE_ARGS) { ret = -EINVAL; break; } arg.str = field; ret = dynevent_arg_add(cmd, &arg, NULL); if (ret) break; } va_end(args); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__kprobe_event_add_fields); /** * kprobe_event_delete - Delete a kprobe event * @name: The name of the kprobe event to delete * * Delete a kprobe event with the give @name from kernel code rather * than directly from the command line. * * Return: 0 if successful, error otherwise. */ int kprobe_event_delete(const char *name) { char buf[MAX_EVENT_NAME_LEN]; snprintf(buf, MAX_EVENT_NAME_LEN, "-:%s", name); return trace_run_command(buf, create_or_delete_trace_kprobe); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kprobe_event_delete); static int trace_kprobe_release(struct dyn_event *ev) { struct trace_kprobe *tk = to_trace_kprobe(ev); int ret = unregister_trace_kprobe(tk); if (!ret) free_trace_kprobe(tk); return ret; } static int trace_kprobe_show(struct seq_file *m, struct dyn_event *ev) { struct trace_kprobe *tk = to_trace_kprobe(ev); int i; seq_putc(m, trace_kprobe_is_return(tk) ? 'r' : 'p'); if (trace_kprobe_is_return(tk) && tk->rp.maxactive) seq_printf(m, "%d", tk->rp.maxactive); seq_printf(m, ":%s/%s", trace_probe_group_name(&tk->tp), trace_probe_name(&tk->tp)); if (!tk->symbol) seq_printf(m, " 0x%p", tk->rp.kp.addr); else if (tk->rp.kp.offset) seq_printf(m, " %s+%u", trace_kprobe_symbol(tk), tk->rp.kp.offset); else seq_printf(m, " %s", trace_kprobe_symbol(tk)); for (i = 0; i < tk->tp.nr_args; i++) seq_printf(m, " %s=%s", tk->tp.args[i].name, tk->tp.args[i].comm); seq_putc(m, '\n'); return 0; } static int probes_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct dyn_event *ev = v; if (!is_trace_kprobe(ev)) return 0; return trace_kprobe_show(m, ev); } static const struct seq_operations probes_seq_op = { .start = dyn_event_seq_start, .next = dyn_event_seq_next, .stop = dyn_event_seq_stop, .show = probes_seq_show }; static int probes_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { int ret; ret = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_TRACEFS); if (ret) return ret; if ((file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) && (file->f_flags & O_TRUNC)) { ret = dyn_events_release_all(&trace_kprobe_ops); if (ret < 0) return ret; } return seq_open(file, &probes_seq_op); } static ssize_t probes_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { return trace_parse_run_command(file, buffer, count, ppos, create_or_delete_trace_kprobe); } static const struct file_operations kprobe_events_ops = { .owner = THIS_MODULE, .open = probes_open, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = seq_release, .write = probes_write, }; /* Probes profiling interfaces */ static int probes_profile_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct dyn_event *ev = v; struct trace_kprobe *tk; if (!is_trace_kprobe(ev)) return 0; tk = to_trace_kprobe(ev); seq_printf(m, " %-44s %15lu %15lu\n", trace_probe_name(&tk->tp), trace_kprobe_nhit(tk), tk->rp.kp.nmissed); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations profile_seq_op = { .start = dyn_event_seq_start, .next = dyn_event_seq_next, .stop = dyn_event_seq_stop, .show = probes_profile_seq_show }; static int profile_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { int ret; ret = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_TRACEFS); if (ret) return ret; return seq_open(file, &profile_seq_op); } static const struct file_operations kprobe_profile_ops = { .owner = THIS_MODULE, .open = profile_open, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = seq_release, }; /* Kprobe specific fetch functions */ /* Return the length of string -- including null terminal byte */ static nokprobe_inline int fetch_store_strlen_user(unsigned long addr) { const void __user *uaddr = (__force const void __user *)addr; return strnlen_user_nofault(uaddr, MAX_STRING_SIZE); } /* Return the length of string -- including null terminal byte */ static nokprobe_inline int fetch_store_strlen(unsigned long addr) { int ret, len = 0; u8 c; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_NON_OVERLAPPING_ADDRESS_SPACE if (addr < TASK_SIZE) return fetch_store_strlen_user(addr); #endif do { ret = copy_from_kernel_nofault(&c, (u8 *)addr + len, 1); len++; } while (c && ret == 0 && len < MAX_STRING_SIZE); return (ret < 0) ? ret : len; } /* * Fetch a null-terminated string from user. Caller MUST set *(u32 *)buf * with max length and relative data location. */ static nokprobe_inline int fetch_store_string_user(unsigned long addr, void *dest, void *base) { const void __user *uaddr = (__force const void __user *)addr; int maxlen = get_loc_len(*(u32 *)dest); void *__dest; long ret; if (unlikely(!maxlen)) return -ENOMEM; __dest = get_loc_data(dest, base); ret = strncpy_from_user_nofault(__dest, uaddr, maxlen); if (ret >= 0) *(u32 *)dest = make_data_loc(ret, __dest - base); return ret; } /* * Fetch a null-terminated string. Caller MUST set *(u32 *)buf with max * length and relative data location. */ static nokprobe_inline int fetch_store_string(unsigned long addr, void *dest, void *base) { int maxlen = get_loc_len(*(u32 *)dest); void *__dest; long ret; #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_NON_OVERLAPPING_ADDRESS_SPACE if ((unsigned long)addr < TASK_SIZE) return fetch_store_string_user(addr, dest, base); #endif if (unlikely(!maxlen)) return -ENOMEM; __dest = get_loc_data(dest, base); /* * Try to get string again, since the string can be changed while * probing. */ ret = strncpy_from_kernel_nofault(__dest, (void *)addr, maxlen); if (ret >= 0) *(u32 *)dest = make_data_loc(ret, __dest - base); return ret; } static nokprobe_inline int probe_mem_read_user(void *dest, void *src, size_t size) { const void __user *uaddr = (__force const void __user *)src; return copy_from_user_nofault(dest, uaddr, size); } static nokprobe_inline int probe_mem_read(void *dest, void *src, size_t size) { #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_NON_OVERLAPPING_ADDRESS_SPACE if ((unsigned long)src < TASK_SIZE) return probe_mem_read_user(dest, src, size); #endif return copy_from_kernel_nofault(dest, src, size); } /* Note that we don't verify it, since the code does not come from user space */ static int process_fetch_insn(struct fetch_insn *code, struct pt_regs *regs, void *dest, void *base) { unsigned long val; retry: /* 1st stage: get value from context */ switch (code->op) { case FETCH_OP_REG: val = regs_get_register(regs, code->param); break; case FETCH_OP_STACK: val = regs_get_kernel_stack_nth(regs, code->param); break; case FETCH_OP_STACKP: val = kernel_stack_pointer(regs); break; case FETCH_OP_RETVAL: val = regs_return_value(regs); break; case FETCH_OP_IMM: val = code->immediate; break; case FETCH_OP_COMM: val = (unsigned long)current->comm; break; case FETCH_OP_DATA: val = (unsigned long)code->data; break; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_FUNCTION_ARG_ACCESS_API case FETCH_OP_ARG: val = regs_get_kernel_argument(regs, code->param); break; #endif case FETCH_NOP_SYMBOL: /* Ignore a place holder */ code++; goto retry; default: return -EILSEQ; } code++; return process_fetch_insn_bottom(code, val, dest, base); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(process_fetch_insn) /* Kprobe handler */ static nokprobe_inline void __kprobe_trace_func(struct trace_kprobe *tk, struct pt_regs *regs, struct trace_event_file *trace_file) { struct kprobe_trace_entry_head *entry; struct trace_event_call *call = trace_probe_event_call(&tk->tp); struct trace_event_buffer fbuffer; int dsize; WARN_ON(call != trace_file->event_call); if (trace_trigger_soft_disabled(trace_file)) return; local_save_flags(fbuffer.flags); fbuffer.pc = preempt_count(); fbuffer.trace_file = trace_file; dsize = __get_data_size(&tk->tp, regs); fbuffer.event = trace_event_buffer_lock_reserve(&fbuffer.buffer, trace_file, call->event.type, sizeof(*entry) + tk->tp.size + dsize, fbuffer.flags, fbuffer.pc); if (!fbuffer.event) return; fbuffer.regs = regs; entry = fbuffer.entry = ring_buffer_event_data(fbuffer.event); entry->ip = (unsigned long)tk->rp.kp.addr; store_trace_args(&entry[1], &tk->tp, regs, sizeof(*entry), dsize); trace_event_buffer_commit(&fbuffer); } static void kprobe_trace_func(struct trace_kprobe *tk, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct event_file_link *link; trace_probe_for_each_link_rcu(link, &tk->tp) __kprobe_trace_func(tk, regs, link->file); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_trace_func); /* Kretprobe handler */ static nokprobe_inline void __kretprobe_trace_func(struct trace_kprobe *tk, struct kretprobe_instance *ri, struct pt_regs *regs, struct trace_event_file *trace_file) { struct kretprobe_trace_entry_head *entry; struct trace_event_buffer fbuffer; struct trace_event_call *call = trace_probe_event_call(&tk->tp); int dsize; WARN_ON(call != trace_file->event_call); if (trace_trigger_soft_disabled(trace_file)) return; local_save_flags(fbuffer.flags); fbuffer.pc = preempt_count(); fbuffer.trace_file = trace_file; dsize = __get_data_size(&tk->tp, regs); fbuffer.event = trace_event_buffer_lock_reserve(&fbuffer.buffer, trace_file, call->event.type, sizeof(*entry) + tk->tp.size + dsize, fbuffer.flags, fbuffer.pc); if (!fbuffer.event) return; fbuffer.regs = regs; entry = fbuffer.entry = ring_buffer_event_data(fbuffer.event); entry->func = (unsigned long)tk->rp.kp.addr; entry->ret_ip = (unsigned long)ri->ret_addr; store_trace_args(&entry[1], &tk->tp, regs, sizeof(*entry), dsize); trace_event_buffer_commit(&fbuffer); } static void kretprobe_trace_func(struct trace_kprobe *tk, struct kretprobe_instance *ri, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct event_file_link *link; trace_probe_for_each_link_rcu(link, &tk->tp) __kretprobe_trace_func(tk, ri, regs, link->file); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_trace_func); /* Event entry printers */ static enum print_line_t print_kprobe_event(struct trace_iterator *iter, int flags, struct trace_event *event) { struct kprobe_trace_entry_head *field; struct trace_seq *s = &iter->seq; struct trace_probe *tp; field = (struct kprobe_trace_entry_head *)iter->ent; tp = trace_probe_primary_from_call( container_of(event, struct trace_event_call, event)); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!tp)) goto out; trace_seq_printf(s, "%s: (", trace_probe_name(tp)); if (!seq_print_ip_sym(s, field->ip, flags | TRACE_ITER_SYM_OFFSET)) goto out; trace_seq_putc(s, ')'); if (print_probe_args(s, tp->args, tp->nr_args, (u8 *)&field[1], field) < 0) goto out; trace_seq_putc(s, '\n'); out: return trace_handle_return(s); } static enum print_line_t print_kretprobe_event(struct trace_iterator *iter, int flags, struct trace_event *event) { struct kretprobe_trace_entry_head *field; struct trace_seq *s = &iter->seq; struct trace_probe *tp; field = (struct kretprobe_trace_entry_head *)iter->ent; tp = trace_probe_primary_from_call( container_of(event, struct trace_event_call, event)); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!tp)) goto out; trace_seq_printf(s, "%s: (", trace_probe_name(tp)); if (!seq_print_ip_sym(s, field->ret_ip, flags | TRACE_ITER_SYM_OFFSET)) goto out; trace_seq_puts(s, " <- "); if (!seq_print_ip_sym(s, field->func, flags & ~TRACE_ITER_SYM_OFFSET)) goto out; trace_seq_putc(s, ')'); if (print_probe_args(s, tp->args, tp->nr_args, (u8 *)&field[1], field) < 0) goto out; trace_seq_putc(s, '\n'); out: return trace_handle_return(s); } static int kprobe_event_define_fields(struct trace_event_call *event_call) { int ret; struct kprobe_trace_entry_head field; struct trace_probe *tp; tp = trace_probe_primary_from_call(event_call); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!tp)) return -ENOENT; DEFINE_FIELD(unsigned long, ip, FIELD_STRING_IP, 0); return traceprobe_define_arg_fields(event_call, sizeof(field), tp); } static int kretprobe_event_define_fields(struct trace_event_call *event_call) { int ret; struct kretprobe_trace_entry_head field; struct trace_probe *tp; tp = trace_probe_primary_from_call(event_call); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!tp)) return -ENOENT; DEFINE_FIELD(unsigned long, func, FIELD_STRING_FUNC, 0); DEFINE_FIELD(unsigned long, ret_ip, FIELD_STRING_RETIP, 0); return traceprobe_define_arg_fields(event_call, sizeof(field), tp); } #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS /* Kprobe profile handler */ static int kprobe_perf_func(struct trace_kprobe *tk, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct trace_event_call *call = trace_probe_event_call(&tk->tp); struct kprobe_trace_entry_head *entry; struct hlist_head *head; int size, __size, dsize; int rctx; if (bpf_prog_array_valid(call)) { unsigned long orig_ip = instruction_pointer(regs); int ret; ret = trace_call_bpf(call, regs); /* * We need to check and see if we modified the pc of the * pt_regs, and if so return 1 so that we don't do the * single stepping. */ if (orig_ip != instruction_pointer(regs)) return 1; if (!ret) return 0; } head = this_cpu_ptr(call->perf_events); if (hlist_empty(head)) return 0; dsize = __get_data_size(&tk->tp, regs); __size = sizeof(*entry) + tk->tp.size + dsize; size = ALIGN(__size + sizeof(u32), sizeof(u64)); size -= sizeof(u32); entry = perf_trace_buf_alloc(size, NULL, &rctx); if (!entry) return 0; entry->ip = (unsigned long)tk->rp.kp.addr; memset(&entry[1], 0, dsize); store_trace_args(&entry[1], &tk->tp, regs, sizeof(*entry), dsize); perf_trace_buf_submit(entry, size, rctx, call->event.type, 1, regs, head, NULL); return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_perf_func); /* Kretprobe profile handler */ static void kretprobe_perf_func(struct trace_kprobe *tk, struct kretprobe_instance *ri, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct trace_event_call *call = trace_probe_event_call(&tk->tp); struct kretprobe_trace_entry_head *entry; struct hlist_head *head; int size, __size, dsize; int rctx; if (bpf_prog_array_valid(call) && !trace_call_bpf(call, regs)) return; head = this_cpu_ptr(call->perf_events); if (hlist_empty(head)) return; dsize = __get_data_size(&tk->tp, regs); __size = sizeof(*entry) + tk->tp.size + dsize; size = ALIGN(__size + sizeof(u32), sizeof(u64)); size -= sizeof(u32); entry = perf_trace_buf_alloc(size, NULL, &rctx); if (!entry) return; entry->func = (unsigned long)tk->rp.kp.addr; entry->ret_ip = (unsigned long)ri->ret_addr; store_trace_args(&entry[1], &tk->tp, regs, sizeof(*entry), dsize); perf_trace_buf_submit(entry, size, rctx, call->event.type, 1, regs, head, NULL); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_perf_func); int bpf_get_kprobe_info(const struct perf_event *event, u32 *fd_type, const char **symbol, u64 *probe_offset, u64 *probe_addr, bool perf_type_tracepoint) { const char *pevent = trace_event_name(event->tp_event); const char *group = event->tp_event->class->system; struct trace_kprobe *tk; if (perf_type_tracepoint) tk = find_trace_kprobe(pevent, group); else tk = trace_kprobe_primary_from_call(event->tp_event); if (!tk) return -EINVAL; *fd_type = trace_kprobe_is_return(tk) ? BPF_FD_TYPE_KRETPROBE : BPF_FD_TYPE_KPROBE; if (tk->symbol) { *symbol = tk->symbol; *probe_offset = tk->rp.kp.offset; *probe_addr = 0; } else { *symbol = NULL; *probe_offset = 0; *probe_addr = (unsigned long)tk->rp.kp.addr; } return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS */ /* * called by perf_trace_init() or __ftrace_set_clr_event() under event_mutex. * * kprobe_trace_self_tests_init() does enable_trace_probe/disable_trace_probe * lockless, but we can't race with this __init function. */ static int kprobe_register(struct trace_event_call *event, enum trace_reg type, void *data) { struct trace_event_file *file = data; switch (type) { case TRACE_REG_REGISTER: return enable_trace_kprobe(event, file); case TRACE_REG_UNREGISTER: return disable_trace_kprobe(event, file); #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS case TRACE_REG_PERF_REGISTER: return enable_trace_kprobe(event, NULL); case TRACE_REG_PERF_UNREGISTER: return disable_trace_kprobe(event, NULL); case TRACE_REG_PERF_OPEN: case TRACE_REG_PERF_CLOSE: case TRACE_REG_PERF_ADD: case TRACE_REG_PERF_DEL: return 0; #endif } return 0; } static int kprobe_dispatcher(struct kprobe *kp, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct trace_kprobe *tk = container_of(kp, struct trace_kprobe, rp.kp); int ret = 0; raw_cpu_inc(*tk->nhit); if (trace_probe_test_flag(&tk->tp, TP_FLAG_TRACE)) kprobe_trace_func(tk, regs); #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS if (trace_probe_test_flag(&tk->tp, TP_FLAG_PROFILE)) ret = kprobe_perf_func(tk, regs); #endif return ret; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_dispatcher); static int kretprobe_dispatcher(struct kretprobe_instance *ri, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct trace_kprobe *tk = container_of(ri->rp, struct trace_kprobe, rp); raw_cpu_inc(*tk->nhit); if (trace_probe_test_flag(&tk->tp, TP_FLAG_TRACE)) kretprobe_trace_func(tk, ri, regs); #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS if (trace_probe_test_flag(&tk->tp, TP_FLAG_PROFILE)) kretprobe_perf_func(tk, ri, regs); #endif return 0; /* We don't tweek kernel, so just return 0 */ } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_dispatcher); static struct trace_event_functions kretprobe_funcs = { .trace = print_kretprobe_event }; static struct trace_event_functions kprobe_funcs = { .trace = print_kprobe_event }; static struct trace_event_fields kretprobe_fields_array[] = { { .type = TRACE_FUNCTION_TYPE, .define_fields = kretprobe_event_define_fields }, {} }; static struct trace_event_fields kprobe_fields_array[] = { { .type = TRACE_FUNCTION_TYPE, .define_fields = kprobe_event_define_fields }, {} }; static inline void init_trace_event_call(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { struct trace_event_call *call = trace_probe_event_call(&tk->tp); if (trace_kprobe_is_return(tk)) { call->event.funcs = &kretprobe_funcs; call->class->fields_array = kretprobe_fields_array; } else { call->event.funcs = &kprobe_funcs; call->class->fields_array = kprobe_fields_array; } call->flags = TRACE_EVENT_FL_KPROBE; call->class->reg = kprobe_register; } static int register_kprobe_event(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { init_trace_event_call(tk); return trace_probe_register_event_call(&tk->tp); } static int unregister_kprobe_event(struct trace_kprobe *tk) { return trace_probe_unregister_event_call(&tk->tp); } #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS /* create a trace_kprobe, but don't add it to global lists */ struct trace_event_call * create_local_trace_kprobe(char *func, void *addr, unsigned long offs, bool is_return) { struct trace_kprobe *tk; int ret; char *event; /* * local trace_kprobes are not added to dyn_event, so they are never * searched in find_trace_kprobe(). Therefore, there is no concern of * duplicated name here. */ event = func ? func : "DUMMY_EVENT"; tk = alloc_trace_kprobe(KPROBE_EVENT_SYSTEM, event, (void *)addr, func, offs, 0 /* maxactive */, 0 /* nargs */, is_return); if (IS_ERR(tk)) { pr_info("Failed to allocate trace_probe.(%d)\n", (int)PTR_ERR(tk)); return ERR_CAST(tk); } init_trace_event_call(tk); if (traceprobe_set_print_fmt(&tk->tp, trace_kprobe_is_return(tk)) < 0) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto error; } ret = __register_trace_kprobe(tk); if (ret < 0) goto error; return trace_probe_event_call(&tk->tp); error: free_trace_kprobe(tk); return ERR_PTR(ret); } void destroy_local_trace_kprobe(struct trace_event_call *event_call) { struct trace_kprobe *tk; tk = trace_kprobe_primary_from_call(event_call); if (unlikely(!tk)) return; if (trace_probe_is_enabled(&tk->tp)) { WARN_ON(1); return; } __unregister_trace_kprobe(tk); free_trace_kprobe(tk); } #endif /* CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS */ static __init void enable_boot_kprobe_events(void) { struct trace_array *tr = top_trace_array(); struct trace_event_file *file; struct trace_kprobe *tk; struct dyn_event *pos; mutex_lock(&event_mutex); for_each_trace_kprobe(tk, pos) { list_for_each_entry(file, &tr->events, list) if (file->event_call == trace_probe_event_call(&tk->tp)) trace_event_enable_disable(file, 1, 0); } mutex_unlock(&event_mutex); } static __init void setup_boot_kprobe_events(void) { char *p, *cmd = kprobe_boot_events_buf; int ret; strreplace(kprobe_boot_events_buf, ',', ' '); while (cmd && *cmd != '\0') { p = strchr(cmd, ';'); if (p) *p++ = '\0'; ret = trace_run_command(cmd, create_or_delete_trace_kprobe); if (ret) pr_warn("Failed to add event(%d): %s\n", ret, cmd); cmd = p; } enable_boot_kprobe_events(); } /* * Register dynevent at core_initcall. This allows kernel to setup kprobe * events in postcore_initcall without tracefs. */ static __init int init_kprobe_trace_early(void) { int ret; ret = dyn_event_register(&trace_kprobe_ops); if (ret) return ret; if (register_module_notifier(&trace_kprobe_module_nb)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } core_initcall(init_kprobe_trace_early); /* Make a tracefs interface for controlling probe points */ static __init int init_kprobe_trace(void) { int ret; struct dentry *entry; ret = tracing_init_dentry(); if (ret) return 0; entry = tracefs_create_file("kprobe_events", 0644, NULL, NULL, &kprobe_events_ops); /* Event list interface */ if (!entry) pr_warn("Could not create tracefs 'kprobe_events' entry\n"); /* Profile interface */ entry = tracefs_create_file("kprobe_profile", 0444, NULL, NULL, &kprobe_profile_ops); if (!entry) pr_warn("Could not create tracefs 'kprobe_profile' entry\n"); setup_boot_kprobe_events(); return 0; } fs_initcall(init_kprobe_trace); #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_STARTUP_TEST static __init struct trace_event_file * find_trace_probe_file(struct trace_kprobe *tk, struct trace_array *tr) { struct trace_event_file *file; list_for_each_entry(file, &tr->events, list) if (file->event_call == trace_probe_event_call(&tk->tp)) return file; return NULL; } /* * Nobody but us can call enable_trace_kprobe/disable_trace_kprobe at this * stage, we can do this lockless. */ static __init int kprobe_trace_self_tests_init(void) { int ret, warn = 0; int (*target)(int, int, int, int, int, int); struct trace_kprobe *tk; struct trace_event_file *file; if (tracing_is_disabled()) return -ENODEV; if (tracing_selftest_disabled) return 0; target = kprobe_trace_selftest_target; pr_info("Testing kprobe tracing: "); ret = trace_run_command("p:testprobe kprobe_trace_selftest_target $stack $stack0 +0($stack)", create_or_delete_trace_kprobe); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(ret)) { pr_warn("error on probing function entry.\n"); warn++; } else { /* Enable trace point */ tk = find_trace_kprobe("testprobe", KPROBE_EVENT_SYSTEM); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(tk == NULL)) { pr_warn("error on getting new probe.\n"); warn++; } else { file = find_trace_probe_file(tk, top_trace_array()); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(file == NULL)) { pr_warn("error on getting probe file.\n"); warn++; } else enable_trace_kprobe( trace_probe_event_call(&tk->tp), file); } } ret = trace_run_command("r:testprobe2 kprobe_trace_selftest_target $retval", create_or_delete_trace_kprobe); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(ret)) { pr_warn("error on probing function return.\n"); warn++; } else { /* Enable trace point */ tk = find_trace_kprobe("testprobe2", KPROBE_EVENT_SYSTEM); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(tk == NULL)) { pr_warn("error on getting 2nd new probe.\n"); warn++; } else { file = find_trace_probe_file(tk, top_trace_array()); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(file == NULL)) { pr_warn("error on getting probe file.\n"); warn++; } else enable_trace_kprobe( trace_probe_event_call(&tk->tp), file); } } if (warn) goto end; ret = target(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6); /* * Not expecting an error here, the check is only to prevent the * optimizer from removing the call to target() as otherwise there * are no side-effects and the call is never performed. */ if (ret != 21) warn++; /* Disable trace points before removing it */ tk = find_trace_kprobe("testprobe", KPROBE_EVENT_SYSTEM); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(tk == NULL)) { pr_warn("error on getting test probe.\n"); warn++; } else { if (trace_kprobe_nhit(tk) != 1) { pr_warn("incorrect number of testprobe hits\n"); warn++; } file = find_trace_probe_file(tk, top_trace_array()); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(file == NULL)) { pr_warn("error on getting probe file.\n"); warn++; } else disable_trace_kprobe( trace_probe_event_call(&tk->tp), file); } tk = find_trace_kprobe("testprobe2", KPROBE_EVENT_SYSTEM); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(tk == NULL)) { pr_warn("error on getting 2nd test probe.\n"); warn++; } else { if (trace_kprobe_nhit(tk) != 1) { pr_warn("incorrect number of testprobe2 hits\n"); warn++; } file = find_trace_probe_file(tk, top_trace_array()); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(file == NULL)) { pr_warn("error on getting probe file.\n"); warn++; } else disable_trace_kprobe( trace_probe_event_call(&tk->tp), file); } ret = trace_run_command("-:testprobe", create_or_delete_trace_kprobe); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(ret)) { pr_warn("error on deleting a probe.\n"); warn++; } ret = trace_run_command("-:testprobe2", create_or_delete_trace_kprobe); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(ret)) { pr_warn("error on deleting a probe.\n"); warn++; } end: ret = dyn_events_release_all(&trace_kprobe_ops); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(ret)) { pr_warn("error on cleaning up probes.\n"); warn++; } /* * Wait for the optimizer work to finish. Otherwise it might fiddle * with probes in already freed __init text. */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); if (warn) pr_cont("NG: Some tests are failed. Please check them.\n"); else pr_cont("OK\n"); return 0; } late_initcall(kprobe_trace_self_tests_init); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * INETPEER - A storage for permanent information about peers * * Authors: Andrey V. Savochkin <saw@msu.ru> */ #ifndef _NET_INETPEER_H #define _NET_INETPEER_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/jiffies.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> /* IPv4 address key for cache lookups */ struct ipv4_addr_key { __be32 addr; int vif; }; #define INETPEER_MAXKEYSZ (sizeof(struct in6_addr) / sizeof(u32)) struct inetpeer_addr { union { struct ipv4_addr_key a4; struct in6_addr a6; u32 key[INETPEER_MAXKEYSZ]; }; __u16 family; }; struct inet_peer { struct rb_node rb_node; struct inetpeer_addr daddr; u32 metrics[RTAX_MAX]; u32 rate_tokens; /* rate limiting for ICMP */ u32 n_redirects; unsigned long rate_last; /* * Once inet_peer is queued for deletion (refcnt == 0), following field * is not available: rid * We can share memory with rcu_head to help keep inet_peer small. */ union { struct { atomic_t rid; /* Frag reception counter */ }; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* following fields might be frequently dirtied */ __u32 dtime; /* the time of last use of not referenced entries */ refcount_t refcnt; }; struct inet_peer_base { struct rb_root rb_root; seqlock_t lock; int total; }; void inet_peer_base_init(struct inet_peer_base *); void inet_initpeers(void) __init; #define INETPEER_METRICS_NEW (~(u32) 0) static inline void inetpeer_set_addr_v4(struct inetpeer_addr *iaddr, __be32 ip) { iaddr->a4.addr = ip; iaddr->a4.vif = 0; iaddr->family = AF_INET; } static inline __be32 inetpeer_get_addr_v4(struct inetpeer_addr *iaddr) { return iaddr->a4.addr; } static inline void inetpeer_set_addr_v6(struct inetpeer_addr *iaddr, struct in6_addr *in6) { iaddr->a6 = *in6; iaddr->family = AF_INET6; } static inline struct in6_addr *inetpeer_get_addr_v6(struct inetpeer_addr *iaddr) { return &iaddr->a6; } /* can be called with or without local BH being disabled */ struct inet_peer *inet_getpeer(struct inet_peer_base *base, const struct inetpeer_addr *daddr, int create); static inline struct inet_peer *inet_getpeer_v4(struct inet_peer_base *base, __be32 v4daddr, int vif, int create) { struct inetpeer_addr daddr; daddr.a4.addr = v4daddr; daddr.a4.vif = vif; daddr.family = AF_INET; return inet_getpeer(base, &daddr, create); } static inline struct inet_peer *inet_getpeer_v6(struct inet_peer_base *base, const struct in6_addr *v6daddr, int create) { struct inetpeer_addr daddr; daddr.a6 = *v6daddr; daddr.family = AF_INET6; return inet_getpeer(base, &daddr, create); } static inline int inetpeer_addr_cmp(const struct inetpeer_addr *a, const struct inetpeer_addr *b) { int i, n; if (a->family == AF_INET) n = sizeof(a->a4) / sizeof(u32); else n = sizeof(a->a6) / sizeof(u32); for (i = 0; i < n; i++) { if (a->key[i] == b->key[i]) continue; if (a->key[i] < b->key[i]) return -1; return 1; } return 0; } /* can be called from BH context or outside */ void inet_putpeer(struct inet_peer *p); bool inet_peer_xrlim_allow(struct inet_peer *peer, int timeout); void inetpeer_invalidate_tree(struct inet_peer_base *); #endif /* _NET_INETPEER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 #ifndef _LINUX_UNALIGNED_PACKED_STRUCT_H #define _LINUX_UNALIGNED_PACKED_STRUCT_H #include <linux/kernel.h> struct __una_u16 { u16 x; } __packed; struct __una_u32 { u32 x; } __packed; struct __una_u64 { u64 x; } __packed; static inline u16 __get_unaligned_cpu16(const void *p) { const struct __una_u16 *ptr = (const struct __una_u16 *)p; return ptr->x; } static inline u32 __get_unaligned_cpu32(const void *p) { const struct __una_u32 *ptr = (const struct __una_u32 *)p; return ptr->x; } static inline u64 __get_unaligned_cpu64(const void *p) { const struct __una_u64 *ptr = (const struct __una_u64 *)p; return ptr->x; } static inline void __put_unaligned_cpu16(u16 val, void *p) { struct __una_u16 *ptr = (struct __una_u16 *)p; ptr->x = val; } static inline void __put_unaligned_cpu32(u32 val, void *p) { struct __una_u32 *ptr = (struct __una_u32 *)p; ptr->x = val; } static inline void __put_unaligned_cpu64(u64 val, void *p) { struct __una_u64 *ptr = (struct __una_u64 *)p; ptr->x = val; } #endif /* _LINUX_UNALIGNED_PACKED_STRUCT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * fs/ext4/mballoc.h * * Written by: Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com> * */ #ifndef _EXT4_MBALLOC_H #define _EXT4_MBALLOC_H #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "ext4.h" /* * mb_debug() dynamic printk msgs could be used to debug mballoc code. */ #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG #define mb_debug(sb, fmt, ...) \ pr_debug("[%s/%d] EXT4-fs (%s): (%s, %d): %s: " fmt, \ current->comm, task_pid_nr(current), sb->s_id, \ __FILE__, __LINE__, __func__, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define mb_debug(sb, fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define EXT4_MB_HISTORY_ALLOC 1 /* allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_HISTORY_PREALLOC 2 /* preallocated blocks used */ /* * How long mballoc can look for a best extent (in found extents) */ #define MB_DEFAULT_MAX_TO_SCAN 200 /* * How long mballoc must look for a best extent */ #define MB_DEFAULT_MIN_TO_SCAN 10 /* * with 'ext4_mb_stats' allocator will collect stats that will be * shown at umount. The collecting costs though! */ #define MB_DEFAULT_STATS 0 /* * files smaller than MB_DEFAULT_STREAM_THRESHOLD are served * by the stream allocator, which purpose is to pack requests * as close each to other as possible to produce smooth I/O traffic * We use locality group prealloc space for stream request. * We can tune the same via /proc/fs/ext4/<parition>/stream_req */ #define MB_DEFAULT_STREAM_THRESHOLD 16 /* 64K */ /* * for which requests use 2^N search using buddies */ #define MB_DEFAULT_ORDER2_REQS 2 /* * default group prealloc size 512 blocks */ #define MB_DEFAULT_GROUP_PREALLOC 512 /* * maximum length of inode prealloc list */ #define MB_DEFAULT_MAX_INODE_PREALLOC 512 struct ext4_free_data { /* this links the free block information from sb_info */ struct list_head efd_list; /* this links the free block information from group_info */ struct rb_node efd_node; /* group which free block extent belongs */ ext4_group_t efd_group; /* free block extent */ ext4_grpblk_t efd_start_cluster; ext4_grpblk_t efd_count; /* transaction which freed this extent */ tid_t efd_tid; }; struct ext4_prealloc_space { struct list_head pa_inode_list; struct list_head pa_group_list; union { struct list_head pa_tmp_list; struct rcu_head pa_rcu; } u; spinlock_t pa_lock; atomic_t pa_count; unsigned pa_deleted; ext4_fsblk_t pa_pstart; /* phys. block */ ext4_lblk_t pa_lstart; /* log. block */ ext4_grpblk_t pa_len; /* len of preallocated chunk */ ext4_grpblk_t pa_free; /* how many blocks are free */ unsigned short pa_type; /* pa type. inode or group */ spinlock_t *pa_obj_lock; struct inode *pa_inode; /* hack, for history only */ }; enum { MB_INODE_PA = 0, MB_GROUP_PA = 1 }; struct ext4_free_extent { ext4_lblk_t fe_logical; ext4_grpblk_t fe_start; /* In cluster units */ ext4_group_t fe_group; ext4_grpblk_t fe_len; /* In cluster units */ }; /* * Locality group: * we try to group all related changes together * so that writeback can flush/allocate them together as well * Size of lg_prealloc_list hash is determined by MB_DEFAULT_GROUP_PREALLOC * (512). We store prealloc space into the hash based on the pa_free blocks * order value.ie, fls(pa_free)-1; */ #define PREALLOC_TB_SIZE 10 struct ext4_locality_group { /* for allocator */ /* to serialize allocates */ struct mutex lg_mutex; /* list of preallocations */ struct list_head lg_prealloc_list[PREALLOC_TB_SIZE]; spinlock_t lg_prealloc_lock; }; struct ext4_allocation_context { struct inode *ac_inode; struct super_block *ac_sb; /* original request */ struct ext4_free_extent ac_o_ex; /* goal request (normalized ac_o_ex) */ struct ext4_free_extent ac_g_ex; /* the best found extent */ struct ext4_free_extent ac_b_ex; /* copy of the best found extent taken before preallocation efforts */ struct ext4_free_extent ac_f_ex; __u16 ac_groups_scanned; __u16 ac_found; __u16 ac_tail; __u16 ac_buddy; __u16 ac_flags; /* allocation hints */ __u8 ac_status; __u8 ac_criteria; __u8 ac_2order; /* if request is to allocate 2^N blocks and * N > 0, the field stores N, otherwise 0 */ __u8 ac_op; /* operation, for history only */ struct page *ac_bitmap_page; struct page *ac_buddy_page; struct ext4_prealloc_space *ac_pa; struct ext4_locality_group *ac_lg; }; #define AC_STATUS_CONTINUE 1 #define AC_STATUS_FOUND 2 #define AC_STATUS_BREAK 3 struct ext4_buddy { struct page *bd_buddy_page; void *bd_buddy; struct page *bd_bitmap_page; void *bd_bitmap; struct ext4_group_info *bd_info; struct super_block *bd_sb; __u16 bd_blkbits; ext4_group_t bd_group; }; static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_grp_offs_to_block(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_free_extent *fex) { return ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, fex->fe_group) + (fex->fe_start << EXT4_SB(sb)->s_cluster_bits); } typedef int (*ext4_mballoc_query_range_fn)( struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t agno, ext4_grpblk_t start, ext4_grpblk_t len, void *priv); int ext4_mballoc_query_range( struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t agno, ext4_grpblk_t start, ext4_grpblk_t end, ext4_mballoc_query_range_fn formatter, void *priv); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * linux/include/linux/nmi.h */ #ifndef LINUX_NMI_H #define LINUX_NMI_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <asm/irq.h> #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_NMI_WATCHDOG) #include <asm/nmi.h> #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKUP_DETECTOR void lockup_detector_init(void); void lockup_detector_soft_poweroff(void); void lockup_detector_cleanup(void); bool is_hardlockup(void); extern int watchdog_user_enabled; extern int nmi_watchdog_user_enabled; extern int soft_watchdog_user_enabled; extern int watchdog_thresh; extern unsigned long watchdog_enabled; extern struct cpumask watchdog_cpumask; extern unsigned long *watchdog_cpumask_bits; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern int sysctl_softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace; extern int sysctl_hardlockup_all_cpu_backtrace; #else #define sysctl_softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace 0 #define sysctl_hardlockup_all_cpu_backtrace 0 #endif /* !CONFIG_SMP */ #else /* CONFIG_LOCKUP_DETECTOR */ static inline void lockup_detector_init(void) { } static inline void lockup_detector_soft_poweroff(void) { } static inline void lockup_detector_cleanup(void) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_LOCKUP_DETECTOR */ #ifdef CONFIG_SOFTLOCKUP_DETECTOR extern void touch_softlockup_watchdog_sched(void); extern void touch_softlockup_watchdog(void); extern void touch_softlockup_watchdog_sync(void); extern void touch_all_softlockup_watchdogs(void); extern unsigned int softlockup_panic; extern int lockup_detector_online_cpu(unsigned int cpu); extern int lockup_detector_offline_cpu(unsigned int cpu); #else /* CONFIG_SOFTLOCKUP_DETECTOR */ static inline void touch_softlockup_watchdog_sched(void) { } static inline void touch_softlockup_watchdog(void) { } static inline void touch_softlockup_watchdog_sync(void) { } static inline void touch_all_softlockup_watchdogs(void) { } #define lockup_detector_online_cpu NULL #define lockup_detector_offline_cpu NULL #endif /* CONFIG_SOFTLOCKUP_DETECTOR */ #ifdef CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK void reset_hung_task_detector(void); #else static inline void reset_hung_task_detector(void) { } #endif /* * The run state of the lockup detectors is controlled by the content of the * 'watchdog_enabled' variable. Each lockup detector has its dedicated bit - * bit 0 for the hard lockup detector and bit 1 for the soft lockup detector. * * 'watchdog_user_enabled', 'nmi_watchdog_user_enabled' and * 'soft_watchdog_user_enabled' are variables that are only used as an * 'interface' between the parameters in /proc/sys/kernel and the internal * state bits in 'watchdog_enabled'. The 'watchdog_thresh' variable is * handled differently because its value is not boolean, and the lockup * detectors are 'suspended' while 'watchdog_thresh' is equal zero. */ #define NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED_BIT 0 #define SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED_BIT 1 #define NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED (1 << NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED_BIT) #define SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED (1 << SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED_BIT) #if defined(CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR) extern void hardlockup_detector_disable(void); extern unsigned int hardlockup_panic; #else static inline void hardlockup_detector_disable(void) {} #endif #if defined(CONFIG_HAVE_NMI_WATCHDOG) || defined(CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR) # define NMI_WATCHDOG_SYSCTL_PERM 0644 #else # define NMI_WATCHDOG_SYSCTL_PERM 0444 #endif #if defined(CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR_PERF) extern void arch_touch_nmi_watchdog(void); extern void hardlockup_detector_perf_stop(void); extern void hardlockup_detector_perf_restart(void); extern void hardlockup_detector_perf_disable(void); extern void hardlockup_detector_perf_enable(void); extern void hardlockup_detector_perf_cleanup(void); extern int hardlockup_detector_perf_init(void); #else static inline void hardlockup_detector_perf_stop(void) { } static inline void hardlockup_detector_perf_restart(void) { } static inline void hardlockup_detector_perf_disable(void) { } static inline void hardlockup_detector_perf_enable(void) { } static inline void hardlockup_detector_perf_cleanup(void) { } # if !defined(CONFIG_HAVE_NMI_WATCHDOG) static inline int hardlockup_detector_perf_init(void) { return -ENODEV; } static inline void arch_touch_nmi_watchdog(void) {} # else static inline int hardlockup_detector_perf_init(void) { return 0; } # endif #endif void watchdog_nmi_stop(void); void watchdog_nmi_start(void); int watchdog_nmi_probe(void); int watchdog_nmi_enable(unsigned int cpu); void watchdog_nmi_disable(unsigned int cpu); /** * touch_nmi_watchdog - restart NMI watchdog timeout. * * If the architecture supports the NMI watchdog, touch_nmi_watchdog() * may be used to reset the timeout - for code which intentionally * disables interrupts for a long time. This call is stateless. */ static inline void touch_nmi_watchdog(void) { arch_touch_nmi_watchdog(); touch_softlockup_watchdog(); } /* * Create trigger_all_cpu_backtrace() out of the arch-provided * base function. Return whether such support was available, * to allow calling code to fall back to some other mechanism: */ #ifdef arch_trigger_cpumask_backtrace static inline bool trigger_all_cpu_backtrace(void) { arch_trigger_cpumask_backtrace(cpu_online_mask, false); return true; } static inline bool trigger_allbutself_cpu_backtrace(void) { arch_trigger_cpumask_backtrace(cpu_online_mask, true); return true; } static inline bool trigger_cpumask_backtrace(struct cpumask *mask) { arch_trigger_cpumask_backtrace(mask, false); return true; } static inline bool trigger_single_cpu_backtrace(int cpu) { arch_trigger_cpumask_backtrace(cpumask_of(cpu), false); return true; } /* generic implementation */ void nmi_trigger_cpumask_backtrace(const cpumask_t *mask, bool exclude_self, void (*raise)(cpumask_t *mask)); bool nmi_cpu_backtrace(struct pt_regs *regs); #else static inline bool trigger_all_cpu_backtrace(void) { return false; } static inline bool trigger_allbutself_cpu_backtrace(void) { return false; } static inline bool trigger_cpumask_backtrace(struct cpumask *mask) { return false; } static inline bool trigger_single_cpu_backtrace(int cpu) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR_PERF u64 hw_nmi_get_sample_period(int watchdog_thresh); #endif #if defined(CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_CHECK_TIMESTAMP) && \ defined(CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR) void watchdog_update_hrtimer_threshold(u64 period); #else static inline void watchdog_update_hrtimer_threshold(u64 period) { } #endif struct ctl_table; int proc_watchdog(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int proc_nmi_watchdog(struct ctl_table *, int , void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int proc_soft_watchdog(struct ctl_table *, int , void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int proc_watchdog_thresh(struct ctl_table *, int , void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int proc_watchdog_cpumask(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ACPI_APEI_NMI #include <asm/nmi.h> #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Cryptographic scatter and gather helpers. * * Copyright (c) 2002 James Morris <jmorris@intercode.com.au> * Copyright (c) 2002 Adam J. Richter <adam@yggdrasil.com> * Copyright (c) 2004 Jean-Luc Cooke <jlcooke@certainkey.com> * Copyright (c) 2007 Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_SCATTERWALK_H #define _CRYPTO_SCATTERWALK_H #include <crypto/algapi.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/scatterlist.h> static inline void scatterwalk_crypto_chain(struct scatterlist *head, struct scatterlist *sg, int num) { if (sg) sg_chain(head, num, sg); else sg_mark_end(head); } static inline unsigned int scatterwalk_pagelen(struct scatter_walk *walk) { unsigned int len = walk->sg->offset + walk->sg->length - walk->offset; unsigned int len_this_page = offset_in_page(~walk->offset) + 1; return len_this_page > len ? len : len_this_page; } static inline unsigned int scatterwalk_clamp(struct scatter_walk *walk, unsigned int nbytes) { unsigned int len_this_page = scatterwalk_pagelen(walk); return nbytes > len_this_page ? len_this_page : nbytes; } static inline void scatterwalk_advance(struct scatter_walk *walk, unsigned int nbytes) { walk->offset += nbytes; } static inline unsigned int scatterwalk_aligned(struct scatter_walk *walk, unsigned int alignmask) { return !(walk->offset & alignmask); } static inline struct page *scatterwalk_page(struct scatter_walk *walk) { return sg_page(walk->sg) + (walk->offset >> PAGE_SHIFT); } static inline void scatterwalk_unmap(void *vaddr) { kunmap_atomic(vaddr); } static inline void scatterwalk_start(struct scatter_walk *walk, struct scatterlist *sg) { walk->sg = sg; walk->offset = sg->offset; } static inline void *scatterwalk_map(struct scatter_walk *walk) { return kmap_atomic(scatterwalk_page(walk)) + offset_in_page(walk->offset); } static inline void scatterwalk_pagedone(struct scatter_walk *walk, int out, unsigned int more) { if (out) { struct page *page; page = sg_page(walk->sg) + ((walk->offset - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT); /* Test ARCH_IMPLEMENTS_FLUSH_DCACHE_PAGE first as * PageSlab cannot be optimised away per se due to * use of volatile pointer. */ if (ARCH_IMPLEMENTS_FLUSH_DCACHE_PAGE && !PageSlab(page)) flush_dcache_page(page); } if (more && walk->offset >= walk->sg->offset + walk->sg->length) scatterwalk_start(walk, sg_next(walk->sg)); } static inline void scatterwalk_done(struct scatter_walk *walk, int out, int more) { if (!more || walk->offset >= walk->sg->offset + walk->sg->length || !(walk->offset & (PAGE_SIZE - 1))) scatterwalk_pagedone(walk, out, more); } void scatterwalk_copychunks(void *buf, struct scatter_walk *walk, size_t nbytes, int out); void *scatterwalk_map(struct scatter_walk *walk); void scatterwalk_map_and_copy(void *buf, struct scatterlist *sg, unsigned int start, unsigned int nbytes, int out); struct scatterlist *scatterwalk_ffwd(struct scatterlist dst[2], struct scatterlist *src, unsigned int len); #endif /* _CRYPTO_SCATTERWALK_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* bit search implementation * * Copyright (C) 2004 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) * * Copyright (C) 2008 IBM Corporation * 'find_last_bit' is written by Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> * (Inspired by David Howell's find_next_bit implementation) * * Rewritten by Yury Norov <yury.norov@gmail.com> to decrease * size and improve performance, 2015. */ #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/bitmap.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #if !defined(find_next_bit) || !defined(find_next_zero_bit) || \ !defined(find_next_bit_le) || !defined(find_next_zero_bit_le) || \ !defined(find_next_and_bit) /* * This is a common helper function for find_next_bit, find_next_zero_bit, and * find_next_and_bit. The differences are: * - The "invert" argument, which is XORed with each fetched word before * searching it for one bits. * - The optional "addr2", which is anded with "addr1" if present. */ static unsigned long _find_next_bit(const unsigned long *addr1, const unsigned long *addr2, unsigned long nbits, unsigned long start, unsigned long invert, unsigned long le) { unsigned long tmp, mask; if (unlikely(start >= nbits)) return nbits; tmp = addr1[start / BITS_PER_LONG]; if (addr2) tmp &= addr2[start / BITS_PER_LONG]; tmp ^= invert; /* Handle 1st word. */ mask = BITMAP_FIRST_WORD_MASK(start); if (le) mask = swab(mask); tmp &= mask; start = round_down(start, BITS_PER_LONG); while (!tmp) { start += BITS_PER_LONG; if (start >= nbits) return nbits; tmp = addr1[start / BITS_PER_LONG]; if (addr2) tmp &= addr2[start / BITS_PER_LONG]; tmp ^= invert; } if (le) tmp = swab(tmp); return min(start + __ffs(tmp), nbits); } #endif #ifndef find_next_bit /* * Find the next set bit in a memory region. */ unsigned long find_next_bit(const unsigned long *addr, unsigned long size, unsigned long offset) { return _find_next_bit(addr, NULL, size, offset, 0UL, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_next_bit); #endif #ifndef find_next_zero_bit unsigned long find_next_zero_bit(const unsigned long *addr, unsigned long size, unsigned long offset) { return _find_next_bit(addr, NULL, size, offset, ~0UL, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_next_zero_bit); #endif #if !defined(find_next_and_bit) unsigned long find_next_and_bit(const unsigned long *addr1, const unsigned long *addr2, unsigned long size, unsigned long offset) { return _find_next_bit(addr1, addr2, size, offset, 0UL, 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_next_and_bit); #endif #ifndef find_first_bit /* * Find the first set bit in a memory region. */ unsigned long find_first_bit(const unsigned long *addr, unsigned long size) { unsigned long idx; for (idx = 0; idx * BITS_PER_LONG < size; idx++) { if (addr[idx]) return min(idx * BITS_PER_LONG + __ffs(addr[idx]), size); } return size; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_first_bit); #endif #ifndef find_first_zero_bit /* * Find the first cleared bit in a memory region. */ unsigned long find_first_zero_bit(const unsigned long *addr, unsigned long size) { unsigned long idx; for (idx = 0; idx * BITS_PER_LONG < size; idx++) { if (addr[idx] != ~0UL) return min(idx * BITS_PER_LONG + ffz(addr[idx]), size); } return size; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_first_zero_bit); #endif #ifndef find_last_bit unsigned long find_last_bit(const unsigned long *addr, unsigned long size) { if (size) { unsigned long val = BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(size); unsigned long idx = (size-1) / BITS_PER_LONG; do { val &= addr[idx]; if (val) return idx * BITS_PER_LONG + __fls(val); val = ~0ul; } while (idx--); } return size; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_last_bit); #endif #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN #ifndef find_next_zero_bit_le unsigned long find_next_zero_bit_le(const void *addr, unsigned long size, unsigned long offset) { return _find_next_bit(addr, NULL, size, offset, ~0UL, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_next_zero_bit_le); #endif #ifndef find_next_bit_le unsigned long find_next_bit_le(const void *addr, unsigned long size, unsigned long offset) { return _find_next_bit(addr, NULL, size, offset, 0UL, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_next_bit_le); #endif #endif /* __BIG_ENDIAN */ unsigned long find_next_clump8(unsigned long *clump, const unsigned long *addr, unsigned long size, unsigned long offset) { offset = find_next_bit(addr, size, offset); if (offset == size) return size; offset = round_down(offset, 8); *clump = bitmap_get_value8(addr, offset); return offset; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_next_clump8);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Authentication token and access key management * * Copyright (C) 2004, 2007 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) * * See Documentation/security/keys/core.rst for information on keys/keyrings. */ #ifndef _LINUX_KEY_H #define _LINUX_KEY_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/assoc_array.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/time64.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/uidgid.h> /* key handle serial number */ typedef int32_t key_serial_t; /* key handle permissions mask */ typedef uint32_t key_perm_t; struct key; struct net; #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS #undef KEY_DEBUGGING #define KEY_POS_VIEW 0x01000000 /* possessor can view a key's attributes */ #define KEY_POS_READ 0x02000000 /* possessor can read key payload / view keyring */ #define KEY_POS_WRITE 0x04000000 /* possessor can update key payload / add link to keyring */ #define KEY_POS_SEARCH 0x08000000 /* possessor can find a key in search / search a keyring */ #define KEY_POS_LINK 0x10000000 /* possessor can create a link to a key/keyring */ #define KEY_POS_SETATTR 0x20000000 /* possessor can set key attributes */ #define KEY_POS_ALL 0x3f000000 #define KEY_USR_VIEW 0x00010000 /* user permissions... */ #define KEY_USR_READ 0x00020000 #define KEY_USR_WRITE 0x00040000 #define KEY_USR_SEARCH 0x00080000 #define KEY_USR_LINK 0x00100000 #define KEY_USR_SETATTR 0x00200000 #define KEY_USR_ALL 0x003f0000 #define KEY_GRP_VIEW 0x00000100 /* group permissions... */ #define KEY_GRP_READ 0x00000200 #define KEY_GRP_WRITE 0x00000400 #define KEY_GRP_SEARCH 0x00000800 #define KEY_GRP_LINK 0x00001000 #define KEY_GRP_SETATTR 0x00002000 #define KEY_GRP_ALL 0x00003f00 #define KEY_OTH_VIEW 0x00000001 /* third party permissions... */ #define KEY_OTH_READ 0x00000002 #define KEY_OTH_WRITE 0x00000004 #define KEY_OTH_SEARCH 0x00000008 #define KEY_OTH_LINK 0x00000010 #define KEY_OTH_SETATTR 0x00000020 #define KEY_OTH_ALL 0x0000003f #define KEY_PERM_UNDEF 0xffffffff /* * The permissions required on a key that we're looking up. */ enum key_need_perm { KEY_NEED_UNSPECIFIED, /* Needed permission unspecified */ KEY_NEED_VIEW, /* Require permission to view attributes */ KEY_NEED_READ, /* Require permission to read content */ KEY_NEED_WRITE, /* Require permission to update / modify */ KEY_NEED_SEARCH, /* Require permission to search (keyring) or find (key) */ KEY_NEED_LINK, /* Require permission to link */ KEY_NEED_SETATTR, /* Require permission to change attributes */ KEY_NEED_UNLINK, /* Require permission to unlink key */ KEY_SYSADMIN_OVERRIDE, /* Special: override by CAP_SYS_ADMIN */ KEY_AUTHTOKEN_OVERRIDE, /* Special: override by possession of auth token */ KEY_DEFER_PERM_CHECK, /* Special: permission check is deferred */ }; struct seq_file; struct user_struct; struct signal_struct; struct cred; struct key_type; struct key_owner; struct key_tag; struct keyring_list; struct keyring_name; struct key_tag { struct rcu_head rcu; refcount_t usage; bool removed; /* T when subject removed */ }; struct keyring_index_key { /* [!] If this structure is altered, the union in struct key must change too! */ unsigned long hash; /* Hash value */ union { struct { #ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN /* Put desc_len at the LSB of x */ u16 desc_len; char desc[sizeof(long) - 2]; /* First few chars of description */ #else char desc[sizeof(long) - 2]; /* First few chars of description */ u16 desc_len; #endif }; unsigned long x; }; struct key_type *type; struct key_tag *domain_tag; /* Domain of operation */ const char *description; }; union key_payload { void __rcu *rcu_data0; void *data[4]; }; /*****************************************************************************/ /* * key reference with possession attribute handling * * NOTE! key_ref_t is a typedef'd pointer to a type that is not actually * defined. This is because we abuse the bottom bit of the reference to carry a * flag to indicate whether the calling process possesses that key in one of * its keyrings. * * the key_ref_t has been made a separate type so that the compiler can reject * attempts to dereference it without proper conversion. * * the three functions are used to assemble and disassemble references */ typedef struct __key_reference_with_attributes *key_ref_t; static inline key_ref_t make_key_ref(const struct key *key, bool possession) { return (key_ref_t) ((unsigned long) key | possession); } static inline struct key *key_ref_to_ptr(const key_ref_t key_ref) { return (struct key *) ((unsigned long) key_ref & ~1UL); } static inline bool is_key_possessed(const key_ref_t key_ref) { return (unsigned long) key_ref & 1UL; } typedef int (*key_restrict_link_func_t)(struct key *dest_keyring, const struct key_type *type, const union key_payload *payload, struct key *restriction_key); struct key_restriction { key_restrict_link_func_t check; struct key *key; struct key_type *keytype; }; enum key_state { KEY_IS_UNINSTANTIATED, KEY_IS_POSITIVE, /* Positively instantiated */ }; /*****************************************************************************/ /* * authentication token / access credential / keyring * - types of key include: * - keyrings * - disk encryption IDs * - Kerberos TGTs and tickets */ struct key { refcount_t usage; /* number of references */ key_serial_t serial; /* key serial number */ union { struct list_head graveyard_link; struct rb_node serial_node; }; #ifdef CONFIG_KEY_NOTIFICATIONS struct watch_list *watchers; /* Entities watching this key for changes */ #endif struct rw_semaphore sem; /* change vs change sem */ struct key_user *user; /* owner of this key */ void *security; /* security data for this key */ union { time64_t expiry; /* time at which key expires (or 0) */ time64_t revoked_at; /* time at which key was revoked */ }; time64_t last_used_at; /* last time used for LRU keyring discard */ kuid_t uid; kgid_t gid; key_perm_t perm; /* access permissions */ unsigned short quotalen; /* length added to quota */ unsigned short datalen; /* payload data length * - may not match RCU dereferenced payload * - payload should contain own length */ short state; /* Key state (+) or rejection error (-) */ #ifdef KEY_DEBUGGING unsigned magic; #define KEY_DEBUG_MAGIC 0x18273645u #endif unsigned long flags; /* status flags (change with bitops) */ #define KEY_FLAG_DEAD 0 /* set if key type has been deleted */ #define KEY_FLAG_REVOKED 1 /* set if key had been revoked */ #define KEY_FLAG_IN_QUOTA 2 /* set if key consumes quota */ #define KEY_FLAG_USER_CONSTRUCT 3 /* set if key is being constructed in userspace */ #define KEY_FLAG_ROOT_CAN_CLEAR 4 /* set if key can be cleared by root without permission */ #define KEY_FLAG_INVALIDATED 5 /* set if key has been invalidated */ #define KEY_FLAG_BUILTIN 6 /* set if key is built in to the kernel */ #define KEY_FLAG_ROOT_CAN_INVAL 7 /* set if key can be invalidated by root without permission */ #define KEY_FLAG_KEEP 8 /* set if key should not be removed */ #define KEY_FLAG_UID_KEYRING 9 /* set if key is a user or user session keyring */ /* the key type and key description string * - the desc is used to match a key against search criteria * - it should be a printable string * - eg: for krb5 AFS, this might be "afs@REDHAT.COM" */ union { struct keyring_index_key index_key; struct { unsigned long hash; unsigned long len_desc; struct key_type *type; /* type of key */ struct key_tag *domain_tag; /* Domain of operation */ char *description; }; }; /* key data * - this is used to hold the data actually used in cryptography or * whatever */ union { union key_payload payload; struct { /* Keyring bits */ struct list_head name_link; struct assoc_array keys; }; }; /* This is set on a keyring to restrict the addition of a link to a key * to it. If this structure isn't provided then it is assumed that the * keyring is open to any addition. It is ignored for non-keyring * keys. Only set this value using keyring_restrict(), keyring_alloc(), * or key_alloc(). * * This is intended for use with rings of trusted keys whereby addition * to the keyring needs to be controlled. KEY_ALLOC_BYPASS_RESTRICTION * overrides this, allowing the kernel to add extra keys without * restriction. */ struct key_restriction *restrict_link; }; extern struct key *key_alloc(struct key_type *type, const char *desc, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, const struct cred *cred, key_perm_t perm, unsigned long flags, struct key_restriction *restrict_link); #define KEY_ALLOC_IN_QUOTA 0x0000 /* add to quota, reject if would overrun */ #define KEY_ALLOC_QUOTA_OVERRUN 0x0001 /* add to quota, permit even if overrun */ #define KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA 0x0002 /* not in quota */ #define KEY_ALLOC_BUILT_IN 0x0004 /* Key is built into kernel */ #define KEY_ALLOC_BYPASS_RESTRICTION 0x0008 /* Override the check on restricted keyrings */ #define KEY_ALLOC_UID_KEYRING 0x0010 /* allocating a user or user session keyring */ #define KEY_ALLOC_SET_KEEP 0x0020 /* Set the KEEP flag on the key/keyring */ extern void key_revoke(struct key *key); extern void key_invalidate(struct key *key); extern void key_put(struct key *key); extern bool key_put_tag(struct key_tag *tag); extern void key_remove_domain(struct key_tag *domain_tag); static inline struct key *__key_get(struct key *key) { refcount_inc(&key->usage); return key; } static inline struct key *key_get(struct key *key) { return key ? __key_get(key) : key; } static inline void key_ref_put(key_ref_t key_ref) { key_put(key_ref_to_ptr(key_ref)); } extern struct key *request_key_tag(struct key_type *type, const char *description, struct key_tag *domain_tag, const char *callout_info); extern struct key *request_key_rcu(struct key_type *type, const char *description, struct key_tag *domain_tag); extern struct key *request_key_with_auxdata(struct key_type *type, const char *description, struct key_tag *domain_tag, const void *callout_info, size_t callout_len, void *aux); /** * request_key - Request a key and wait for construction * @type: Type of key. * @description: The searchable description of the key. * @callout_info: The data to pass to the instantiation upcall (or NULL). * * As for request_key_tag(), but with the default global domain tag. */ static inline struct key *request_key(struct key_type *type, const char *description, const char *callout_info) { return request_key_tag(type, description, NULL, callout_info); } #ifdef CONFIG_NET /** * request_key_net - Request a key for a net namespace and wait for construction * @type: Type of key. * @description: The searchable description of the key. * @net: The network namespace that is the key's domain of operation. * @callout_info: The data to pass to the instantiation upcall (or NULL). * * As for request_key() except that it does not add the returned key to a * keyring if found, new keys are always allocated in the user's quota, the * callout_info must be a NUL-terminated string and no auxiliary data can be * passed. Only keys that operate the specified network namespace are used. * * Furthermore, it then works as wait_for_key_construction() to wait for the * completion of keys undergoing construction with a non-interruptible wait. */ #define request_key_net(type, description, net, callout_info) \ request_key_tag(type, description, net->key_domain, callout_info); /** * request_key_net_rcu - Request a key for a net namespace under RCU conditions * @type: Type of key. * @description: The searchable description of the key. * @net: The network namespace that is the key's domain of operation. * * As for request_key_rcu() except that only keys that operate the specified * network namespace are used. */ #define request_key_net_rcu(type, description, net) \ request_key_rcu(type, description, net->key_domain); #endif /* CONFIG_NET */ extern int wait_for_key_construction(struct key *key, bool intr); extern int key_validate(const struct key *key); extern key_ref_t key_create_or_update(key_ref_t keyring, const char *type, const char *description, const void *payload, size_t plen, key_perm_t perm, unsigned long flags); extern int key_update(key_ref_t key, const void *payload, size_t plen); extern int key_link(struct key *keyring, struct key *key); extern int key_move(struct key *key, struct key *from_keyring, struct key *to_keyring, unsigned int flags); extern int key_unlink(struct key *keyring, struct key *key); extern struct key *keyring_alloc(const char *description, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid, const struct cred *cred, key_perm_t perm, unsigned long flags, struct key_restriction *restrict_link, struct key *dest); extern int restrict_link_reject(struct key *keyring, const struct key_type *type, const union key_payload *payload, struct key *restriction_key); extern int keyring_clear(struct key *keyring); extern key_ref_t keyring_search(key_ref_t keyring, struct key_type *type, const char *description, bool recurse); extern int keyring_add_key(struct key *keyring, struct key *key); extern int keyring_restrict(key_ref_t keyring, const char *type, const char *restriction); extern struct key *key_lookup(key_serial_t id); static inline key_serial_t key_serial(const struct key *key) { return key ? key->serial : 0; } extern void key_set_timeout(struct key *, unsigned); extern key_ref_t lookup_user_key(key_serial_t id, unsigned long flags, enum key_need_perm need_perm); extern void key_free_user_ns(struct user_namespace *); static inline short key_read_state(const struct key *key) { /* Barrier versus mark_key_instantiated(). */ return smp_load_acquire(&key->state); } /** * key_is_positive - Determine if a key has been positively instantiated * @key: The key to check. * * Return true if the specified key has been positively instantiated, false * otherwise. */ static inline bool key_is_positive(const struct key *key) { return key_read_state(key) == KEY_IS_POSITIVE; } static inline bool key_is_negative(const struct key *key) { return key_read_state(key) < 0; } #define dereference_key_rcu(KEY) \ (rcu_dereference((KEY)->payload.rcu_data0)) #define dereference_key_locked(KEY) \ (rcu_dereference_protected((KEY)->payload.rcu_data0, \ rwsem_is_locked(&((struct key *)(KEY))->sem))) #define rcu_assign_keypointer(KEY, PAYLOAD) \ do { \ rcu_assign_pointer((KEY)->payload.rcu_data0, (PAYLOAD)); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern struct ctl_table key_sysctls[]; #endif /* * the userspace interface */ extern int install_thread_keyring_to_cred(struct cred *cred); extern void key_fsuid_changed(struct cred *new_cred); extern void key_fsgid_changed(struct cred *new_cred); extern void key_init(void); #else /* CONFIG_KEYS */ #define key_validate(k) 0 #define key_serial(k) 0 #define key_get(k) ({ NULL; }) #define key_revoke(k) do { } while(0) #define key_invalidate(k) do { } while(0) #define key_put(k) do { } while(0) #define key_ref_put(k) do { } while(0) #define make_key_ref(k, p) NULL #define key_ref_to_ptr(k) NULL #define is_key_possessed(k) 0 #define key_fsuid_changed(c) do { } while(0) #define key_fsgid_changed(c) do { } while(0) #define key_init() do { } while(0) #define key_free_user_ns(ns) do { } while(0) #define key_remove_domain(d) do { } while(0) #endif /* CONFIG_KEYS */ #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_KEY_H */
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2781 2782 2783 2784 2785 2786 2787 2788 2789 2790 2791 2792 2793 2794 2795 2796 2797 2798 2799 2800 2801 2802 2803 2804 2805 2806 2807 2808 2809 2810 2811 2812 2813 2814 2815 2816 2817 2818 2819 2820 2821 2822 2823 2824 2825 2826 2827 2828 2829 2830 2831 2832 2833 2834 2835 2836 2837 2838 2839 2840 2841 2842 2843 2844 2845 2846 2847 2848 2849 2850 2851 2852 2853 2854 2855 2856 2857 2858 2859 2860 2861 2862 2863 2864 2865 2866 2867 2868 2869 2870 2871 2872 2873 2874 2875 2876 2877 2878 2879 2880 2881 2882 2883 2884 2885 2886 2887 2888 2889 2890 2891 2892 2893 2894 2895 2896 2897 2898 2899 2900 2901 2902 2903 2904 2905 2906 2907 2908 2909 2910 2911 2912 2913 2914 2915 2916 2917 2918 2919 2920 2921 2922 2923 2924 2925 2926 2927 2928 2929 2930 2931 2932 2933 2934 2935 2936 2937 2938 2939 2940 2941 2942 2943 2944 2945 2946 2947 2948 2949 2950 2951 2952 2953 2954 2955 2956 2957 2958 2959 2960 2961 2962 2963 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* * Kernel Probes (KProbes) * kernel/kprobes.c * * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004 * * 2002-Oct Created by Vamsi Krishna S <vamsi_krishna@in.ibm.com> Kernel * Probes initial implementation (includes suggestions from * Rusty Russell). * 2004-Aug Updated by Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> with * hlists and exceptions notifier as suggested by Andi Kleen. * 2004-July Suparna Bhattacharya <suparna@in.ibm.com> added jumper probes * interface to access function arguments. * 2004-Sep Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> Changed Kprobes * exceptions notifier to be first on the priority list. * 2005-May Hien Nguyen <hien@us.ibm.com>, Jim Keniston * <jkenisto@us.ibm.com> and Prasanna S Panchamukhi * <prasanna@in.ibm.com> added function-return probes. */ #include <linux/kprobes.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/moduleloader.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/kdebug.h> #include <linux/memory.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <linux/static_call.h> #include <asm/sections.h> #include <asm/cacheflush.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #define KPROBE_HASH_BITS 6 #define KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE (1 << KPROBE_HASH_BITS) static int kprobes_initialized; /* kprobe_table can be accessed by * - Normal hlist traversal and RCU add/del under kprobe_mutex is held. * Or * - RCU hlist traversal under disabling preempt (breakpoint handlers) */ static struct hlist_head kprobe_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; static struct hlist_head kretprobe_inst_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_all_disarmed; /* This protects kprobe_table and optimizing_list */ static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_mutex); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe *, kprobe_instance) = NULL; static struct { raw_spinlock_t lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; } kretprobe_table_locks[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE]; kprobe_opcode_t * __weak kprobe_lookup_name(const char *name, unsigned int __unused) { return ((kprobe_opcode_t *)(kallsyms_lookup_name(name))); } static raw_spinlock_t *kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(unsigned long hash) { return &(kretprobe_table_locks[hash].lock); } /* Blacklist -- list of struct kprobe_blacklist_entry */ static LIST_HEAD(kprobe_blacklist); #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT /* * kprobe->ainsn.insn points to the copy of the instruction to be * single-stepped. x86_64, POWER4 and above have no-exec support and * stepping on the instruction on a vmalloced/kmalloced/data page * is a recipe for disaster */ struct kprobe_insn_page { struct list_head list; kprobe_opcode_t *insns; /* Page of instruction slots */ struct kprobe_insn_cache *cache; int nused; int ngarbage; char slot_used[]; }; #define KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots) \ (offsetof(struct kprobe_insn_page, slot_used) + \ (sizeof(char) * (slots))) static int slots_per_page(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { return PAGE_SIZE/(c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); } enum kprobe_slot_state { SLOT_CLEAN = 0, SLOT_DIRTY = 1, SLOT_USED = 2, }; void __weak *alloc_insn_page(void) { return module_alloc(PAGE_SIZE); } void __weak free_insn_page(void *page) { module_memfree(page); } struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_insn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_insn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_insn_slots.pages), .insn_size = MAX_INSN_SIZE, .nr_garbage = 0, }; static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c); /** * __get_insn_slot() - Find a slot on an executable page for an instruction. * We allocate an executable page if there's no room on existing ones. */ kprobe_opcode_t *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; kprobe_opcode_t *slot = NULL; /* Since the slot array is not protected by rcu, we need a mutex */ mutex_lock(&c->mutex); retry: rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (kip->nused < slots_per_page(c)) { int i; for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_CLEAN) { kip->slot_used[i] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused++; slot = kip->insns + (i * c->insn_size); rcu_read_unlock(); goto out; } } /* kip->nused is broken. Fix it. */ kip->nused = slots_per_page(c); WARN_ON(1); } } rcu_read_unlock(); /* If there are any garbage slots, collect it and try again. */ if (c->nr_garbage && collect_garbage_slots(c) == 0) goto retry; /* All out of space. Need to allocate a new page. */ kip = kmalloc(KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots_per_page(c)), GFP_KERNEL); if (!kip) goto out; /* * Use module_alloc so this page is within +/- 2GB of where the * kernel image and loaded module images reside. This is required * so x86_64 can correctly handle the %rip-relative fixups. */ kip->insns = c->alloc(); if (!kip->insns) { kfree(kip); goto out; } INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kip->list); memset(kip->slot_used, SLOT_CLEAN, slots_per_page(c)); kip->slot_used[0] = SLOT_USED; kip->nused = 1; kip->ngarbage = 0; kip->cache = c; list_add_rcu(&kip->list, &c->pages); slot = kip->insns; /* Record the perf ksymbol register event after adding the page */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, false, c->sym); out: mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); return slot; } /* Return 1 if all garbages are collected, otherwise 0. */ static int collect_one_slot(struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, int idx) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_CLEAN; kip->nused--; if (kip->nused == 0) { /* * Page is no longer in use. Free it unless * it's the last one. We keep the last one * so as not to have to set it up again the * next time somebody inserts a probe. */ if (!list_is_singular(&kip->list)) { /* * Record perf ksymbol unregister event before removing * the page. */ perf_event_ksymbol(PERF_RECORD_KSYMBOL_TYPE_OOL, (unsigned long)kip->insns, PAGE_SIZE, true, kip->cache->sym); list_del_rcu(&kip->list); synchronize_rcu(); kip->cache->free(kip->insns); kfree(kip); } return 1; } return 0; } static int collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, *next; /* Ensure no-one is interrupted on the garbages */ synchronize_rcu(); list_for_each_entry_safe(kip, next, &c->pages, list) { int i; if (kip->ngarbage == 0) continue; kip->ngarbage = 0; /* we will collect all garbages */ for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) { if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_DIRTY && collect_one_slot(kip, i)) break; } } c->nr_garbage = 0; return 0; } void __free_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; long idx; mutex_lock(&c->mutex); rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { idx = ((long)slot - (long)kip->insns) / (c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); if (idx >= 0 && idx < slots_per_page(c)) goto out; } /* Could not find this slot. */ WARN_ON(1); kip = NULL; out: rcu_read_unlock(); /* Mark and sweep: this may sleep */ if (kip) { /* Check double free */ WARN_ON(kip->slot_used[idx] != SLOT_USED); if (dirty) { kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_DIRTY; kip->ngarbage++; if (++c->nr_garbage > slots_per_page(c)) collect_garbage_slots(c); } else { collect_one_slot(kip, idx); } } mutex_unlock(&c->mutex); } /* * Check given address is on the page of kprobe instruction slots. * This will be used for checking whether the address on a stack * is on a text area or not. */ bool __is_insn_slot_addr(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; bool ret = false; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if (addr >= (unsigned long)kip->insns && addr < (unsigned long)kip->insns + PAGE_SIZE) { ret = true; break; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } int kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { struct kprobe_insn_page *kip; int ret = -ERANGE; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) { if ((*symnum)--) continue; strlcpy(sym, c->sym, KSYM_NAME_LEN); *type = 't'; *value = (unsigned long)kip->insns; ret = 0; break; } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* For optimized_kprobe buffer */ struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_optinsn_slots = { .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(kprobe_optinsn_slots.mutex), .alloc = alloc_insn_page, .free = free_insn_page, .sym = KPROBE_OPTINSN_PAGE_SYM, .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_optinsn_slots.pages), /* .insn_size is initialized later */ .nr_garbage = 0, }; #endif #endif /* We have preemption disabled.. so it is safe to use __ versions */ static inline void set_kprobe_instance(struct kprobe *kp) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, kp); } static inline void reset_kprobe_instance(void) { __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, NULL); } /* * This routine is called either: * - under the kprobe_mutex - during kprobe_[un]register() * OR * - with preemption disabled - from arch/xxx/kernel/kprobes.c */ struct kprobe *get_kprobe(void *addr) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; head = &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist, lockdep_is_held(&kprobe_mutex)) { if (p->addr == addr) return p; } return NULL; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(get_kprobe); static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs); /* Return true if the kprobe is an aggregator */ static inline int kprobe_aggrprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return p->pre_handler == aggr_pre_handler; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is unused */ static inline int kprobe_unused(struct kprobe *p) { return kprobe_aggrprobe(p) && kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&p->list); } /* * Keep all fields in the kprobe consistent */ static inline void copy_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { memcpy(&p->opcode, &ap->opcode, sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t)); memcpy(&p->ainsn, &ap->ainsn, sizeof(struct arch_specific_insn)); } #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */ static bool kprobes_allow_optimization; /* * Call all pre_handler on the list, but ignores its return value. * This must be called from arch-dep optimized caller. */ void opt_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->pre_handler(kp, regs); } reset_kprobe_instance(); } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(opt_pre_handler); /* Free optimized instructions and optimized_kprobe */ static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(op); } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is ready for optimization. */ static inline int kprobe_optready(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn); } return 0; } /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is disarmed. Note: p must be on hash list */ static inline int kprobe_disarmed(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* If kprobe is not aggr/opt probe, just return kprobe is disabled */ if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) return kprobe_disabled(p); op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); return kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&op->list); } /* Return true(!0) if the probe is queued on (un)optimizing lists */ static int kprobe_queued(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Return an optimized kprobe whose optimizing code replaces * instructions including addr (exclude breakpoint). */ static struct kprobe *get_optimized_kprobe(unsigned long addr) { int i; struct kprobe *p = NULL; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Don't check i == 0, since that is a breakpoint case. */ for (i = 1; !p && i < MAX_OPTIMIZED_LENGTH; i++) p = get_kprobe((void *)(addr - i)); if (p && kprobe_optready(p)) { op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (arch_within_optimized_kprobe(op, addr)) return p; } return NULL; } /* Optimization staging list, protected by kprobe_mutex */ static LIST_HEAD(optimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(unoptimizing_list); static LIST_HEAD(freeing_list); static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work); static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(optimizing_work, kprobe_optimizer); #define OPTIMIZE_DELAY 5 /* * Optimize (replace a breakpoint with a jump) kprobes listed on * optimizing_list. */ static void do_optimize_kprobes(void) { lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* * The optimization/unoptimization refers online_cpus via * stop_machine() and cpu-hotplug modifies online_cpus. * And same time, text_mutex will be held in cpu-hotplug and here. * This combination can cause a deadlock (cpu-hotplug try to lock * text_mutex but stop_machine can not be done because online_cpus * has been changed) * To avoid this deadlock, caller must have locked cpu hotplug * for preventing cpu-hotplug outside of text_mutex locking. */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Optimization never be done when disarmed */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed || !kprobes_allow_optimization || list_empty(&optimizing_list)) return; arch_optimize_kprobes(&optimizing_list); } /* * Unoptimize (replace a jump with a breakpoint and remove the breakpoint * if need) kprobes listed on unoptimizing_list. */ static void do_unoptimize_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex); /* See comment in do_optimize_kprobes() */ lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); /* Unoptimization must be done anytime */ if (list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) return; arch_unoptimize_kprobes(&unoptimizing_list, &freeing_list); /* Loop free_list for disarming */ list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { /* Switching from detour code to origin */ op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* Disarm probes if marked disabled */ if (kprobe_disabled(&op->kp)) arch_disarm_kprobe(&op->kp); if (kprobe_unused(&op->kp)) { /* * Remove unused probes from hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, these probes are reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes.) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } else list_del_init(&op->list); } } /* Reclaim all kprobes on the free_list */ static void do_free_cleaned_kprobes(void) { struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp; list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, &freeing_list, list) { list_del_init(&op->list); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!kprobe_unused(&op->kp))) { /* * This must not happen, but if there is a kprobe * still in use, keep it on kprobes hash list. */ continue; } free_aggr_kprobe(&op->kp); } } /* Start optimizer after OPTIMIZE_DELAY passed */ static void kick_kprobe_optimizer(void) { schedule_delayed_work(&optimizing_work, OPTIMIZE_DELAY); } /* Kprobe jump optimizer */ static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); /* * Step 1: Unoptimize kprobes and collect cleaned (unused and disarmed) * kprobes before waiting for quiesence period. */ do_unoptimize_kprobes(); /* * Step 2: Wait for quiesence period to ensure all potentially * preempted tasks to have normally scheduled. Because optprobe * may modify multiple instructions, there is a chance that Nth * instruction is preempted. In that case, such tasks can return * to 2nd-Nth byte of jump instruction. This wait is for avoiding it. * Note that on non-preemptive kernel, this is transparently converted * to synchronoze_sched() to wait for all interrupts to have completed. */ synchronize_rcu_tasks(); /* Step 3: Optimize kprobes after quiesence period */ do_optimize_kprobes(); /* Step 4: Free cleaned kprobes after quiesence period */ do_free_cleaned_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); /* Step 5: Kick optimizer again if needed */ if (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) kick_kprobe_optimizer(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } /* Wait for completing optimization and unoptimization */ void wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(void) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); while (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list)) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* this will also make optimizing_work execute immmediately */ flush_delayed_work(&optimizing_work); /* @optimizing_work might not have been queued yet, relax */ cpu_relax(); mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static bool optprobe_queued_unopt(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { struct optimized_kprobe *_op; list_for_each_entry(_op, &unoptimizing_list, list) { if (op == _op) return true; } return false; } /* Optimize kprobe if p is ready to be optimized */ static void optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Check if the kprobe is disabled or not ready for optimization. */ if (!kprobe_optready(p) || !kprobes_allow_optimization || (kprobe_disabled(p) || kprobes_all_disarmed)) return; /* kprobes with post_handler can not be optimized */ if (p->post_handler) return; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); /* Check there is no other kprobes at the optimized instructions */ if (arch_check_optimized_kprobe(op) < 0) return; /* Check if it is already optimized. */ if (op->kp.flags & KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* This is under unoptimizing. Just dequeue the probe */ list_del_init(&op->list); } return; } op->kp.flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; /* On unoptimizing/optimizing_list, op must have OPTIMIZED flag */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&op->list))) return; list_add(&op->list, &optimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } /* Short cut to direct unoptimizing */ static void force_unoptimize_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op) { lockdep_assert_cpus_held(); arch_unoptimize_kprobe(op); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } /* Unoptimize a kprobe if p is optimized */ static void unoptimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool force) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p) || kprobe_disarmed(p)) return; /* This is not an optprobe nor optimized */ op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!kprobe_optimized(p)) return; if (!list_empty(&op->list)) { if (optprobe_queued_unopt(op)) { /* Queued in unoptimizing queue */ if (force) { /* * Forcibly unoptimize the kprobe here, and queue it * in the freeing list for release afterwards. */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); list_move(&op->list, &freeing_list); } } else { /* Dequeue from the optimizing queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; } return; } /* Optimized kprobe case */ if (force) { /* Forcibly update the code: this is a special case */ force_unoptimize_kprobe(op); } else { list_add(&op->list, &unoptimizing_list); kick_kprobe_optimizer(); } } /* Cancel unoptimizing for reusing */ static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* * Unused kprobe MUST be on the way of delayed unoptimizing (means * there is still a relative jump) and disabled. */ op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); WARN_ON_ONCE(list_empty(&op->list)); /* Enable the probe again */ ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Optimize it again (remove from op->list) */ if (!kprobe_optready(ap)) return -EINVAL; optimize_kprobe(ap); return 0; } /* Remove optimized instructions */ static void kill_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!list_empty(&op->list)) /* Dequeue from the (un)optimization queue */ list_del_init(&op->list); op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; if (kprobe_unused(p)) { /* Enqueue if it is unused */ list_add(&op->list, &freeing_list); /* * Remove unused probes from the hash list. After waiting * for synchronization, this probe is reclaimed. * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes().) */ hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist); } /* Don't touch the code, because it is already freed. */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); } static inline void __prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op, struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) arch_prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Try to prepare optimized instructions */ static void prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); } /* Allocate new optimized_kprobe and try to prepare optimized instructions */ static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct optimized_kprobe *op; op = kzalloc(sizeof(struct optimized_kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); if (!op) return NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&op->list); op->kp.addr = p->addr; __prepare_optimized_kprobe(op, p); return &op->kp; } static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p); /* * Prepare an optimized_kprobe and optimize it * NOTE: p must be a normal registered kprobe */ static void try_to_optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; struct optimized_kprobe *op; /* Impossible to optimize ftrace-based kprobe */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p)) return; /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ cpus_read_lock(); jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(p); if (!ap) goto out; op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp); if (!arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn)) { /* If failed to setup optimizing, fallback to kprobe */ arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op); kfree(op); goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, p); optimize_kprobe(ap); /* This just kicks optimizer thread */ out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); } static void optimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already allowed, just return */ if (kprobes_allow_optimization) goto out; cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) optimize_kprobe(p); } cpus_read_unlock(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally optimized\n"); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL static void unoptimize_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If optimization is already prohibited, just return */ if (!kprobes_allow_optimization) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return; } cpus_read_lock(); kprobes_allow_optimization = false; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) unoptimize_kprobe(p, false); } } cpus_read_unlock(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for unoptimizing completion */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally unoptimized\n"); } static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_sysctl_mutex); int sysctl_kprobes_optimization; int proc_kprobes_optimization_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); sysctl_kprobes_optimization = kprobes_allow_optimization ? 1 : 0; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, length, ppos); if (sysctl_kprobes_optimization) optimize_all_kprobes(); else unoptimize_all_kprobes(); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_sysctl_mutex); return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */ /* Put a breakpoint for a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Check collision with other optimized kprobes */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p)) /* Fallback to unoptimized kprobe */ unoptimize_kprobe(_p, true); arch_arm_kprobe(p); optimize_kprobe(p); /* Try to optimize (add kprobe to a list) */ } /* Remove the breakpoint of a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */ static void __disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool reopt) { struct kprobe *_p; /* Try to unoptimize */ unoptimize_kprobe(p, kprobes_all_disarmed); if (!kprobe_queued(p)) { arch_disarm_kprobe(p); /* If another kprobe was blocked, optimize it. */ _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr); if (unlikely(_p) && reopt) optimize_kprobe(_p); } /* TODO: reoptimize others after unoptimized this probe */ } #else /* !CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #define optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define unoptimize_kprobe(p, f) do {} while (0) #define kill_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define prepare_optimized_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define try_to_optimize_kprobe(p) do {} while (0) #define __arm_kprobe(p) arch_arm_kprobe(p) #define __disarm_kprobe(p, o) arch_disarm_kprobe(p) #define kprobe_disarmed(p) kprobe_disabled(p) #define wait_for_kprobe_optimizer() do {} while (0) static int reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap) { /* * If the optimized kprobe is NOT supported, the aggr kprobe is * released at the same time that the last aggregated kprobe is * unregistered. * Thus there should be no chance to reuse unused kprobe. */ printk(KERN_ERR "Error: There should be no unused kprobe here.\n"); return -EINVAL; } static void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { arch_remove_kprobe(p); kfree(p); } static struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return kzalloc(sizeof(struct kprobe), GFP_KERNEL); } #endif /* CONFIG_OPTPROBES */ #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ftrace_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS, }; static struct ftrace_ops kprobe_ipmodify_ops __read_mostly = { .func = kprobe_ftrace_handler, .flags = FTRACE_OPS_FL_SAVE_REGS | FTRACE_OPS_FL_IPMODIFY, }; static int kprobe_ipmodify_enabled; static int kprobe_ftrace_enabled; /* Must ensure p->addr is really on ftrace */ static int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { if (!kprobe_ftrace(p)) return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); return arch_prepare_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 0, 0); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to arm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } if (*cnt == 0) { ret = register_ftrace_function(ops); if (ret) { pr_debug("Failed to init kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret); goto err_ftrace; } } (*cnt)++; return ret; err_ftrace: /* * At this point, sinec ops is not registered, we should be sefe from * registering empty filter. */ ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); return ret; } static int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __arm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } /* Caller must lock kprobe_mutex */ static int __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p, struct ftrace_ops *ops, int *cnt) { int ret = 0; if (*cnt == 1) { ret = unregister_ftrace_function(ops); if (WARN(ret < 0, "Failed to unregister kprobe-ftrace (%d)\n", ret)) return ret; } (*cnt)--; ret = ftrace_set_filter_ip(ops, (unsigned long)p->addr, 1, 0); WARN_ONCE(ret < 0, "Failed to disarm kprobe-ftrace at %pS (%d)\n", p->addr, ret); return ret; } static int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { bool ipmodify = (p->post_handler != NULL); return __disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_ops : &kprobe_ftrace_ops, ipmodify ? &kprobe_ipmodify_enabled : &kprobe_ftrace_enabled); } #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ static inline int prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { return arch_prepare_kprobe(p); } static inline int arm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } static inline int disarm_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p) { return -ENODEV; } #endif /* Arm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return arm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __arm_kprobe(kp); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* Disarm a kprobe with text_mutex */ static int disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp, bool reopt) { if (unlikely(kprobe_ftrace(kp))) return disarm_kprobe_ftrace(kp); cpus_read_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); __disarm_kprobe(kp, reopt); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* * Aggregate handlers for multiple kprobes support - these handlers * take care of invoking the individual kprobe handlers on p->list */ static int aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); if (kp->pre_handler(kp, regs)) return 1; } reset_kprobe_instance(); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_pre_handler); static void aggr_post_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long flags) { struct kprobe *kp; list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) { if (kp->post_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) { set_kprobe_instance(kp); kp->post_handler(kp, regs, flags); reset_kprobe_instance(); } } } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_post_handler); static int aggr_fault_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs, int trapnr) { struct kprobe *cur = __this_cpu_read(kprobe_instance); /* * if we faulted "during" the execution of a user specified * probe handler, invoke just that probe's fault handler */ if (cur && cur->fault_handler) { if (cur->fault_handler(cur, regs, trapnr)) return 1; } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(aggr_fault_handler); /* Walks the list and increments nmissed count for multiprobe case */ void kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { p->nmissed++; } else { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) kp->nmissed++; } return; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobes_inc_nmissed_count); static void recycle_rp_inst(struct kretprobe_instance *ri) { struct kretprobe *rp = ri->rp; /* remove rp inst off the rprobe_inst_table */ hlist_del(&ri->hlist); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); if (likely(rp)) { raw_spin_lock(&rp->lock); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock(&rp->lock); } else kfree_rcu(ri, rcu); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(recycle_rp_inst); static void kretprobe_hash_lock(struct task_struct *tsk, struct hlist_head **head, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; *head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_lock); static void kretprobe_table_lock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __acquires(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. * Differentiate when it is taken in NMI context. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(hlist_lock, *flags, !!in_nmi()); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_lock); static void kretprobe_hash_unlock(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock; hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_hash_unlock); static void kretprobe_table_unlock(unsigned long hash, unsigned long *flags) __releases(hlist_lock) { raw_spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kretprobe_table_unlock); static struct kprobe kprobe_busy = { .addr = (void *) get_kprobe, }; void kprobe_busy_begin(void) { struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb; preempt_disable(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &kprobe_busy); kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk(); kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE; } void kprobe_busy_end(void) { __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, NULL); preempt_enable(); } /* * This function is called from finish_task_switch when task tk becomes dead, * so that we can recycle any function-return probe instances associated * with this task. These left over instances represent probed functions * that have been called but will never return. */ void kprobe_flush_task(struct task_struct *tk) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long hash, flags = 0; if (unlikely(!kprobes_initialized)) /* Early boot. kretprobe_table_locks not yet initialized. */ return; kprobe_busy_begin(); hash = hash_ptr(tk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task == tk) recycle_rp_inst(ri); } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); kprobe_busy_end(); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_flush_task); static inline void free_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, &rp->free_instances, hlist) { hlist_del(&ri->hlist); kfree(ri); } } static void cleanup_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp) { unsigned long flags, hash; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; struct hlist_node *next; struct hlist_head *head; /* To avoid recursive kretprobe by NMI, set kprobe busy here */ kprobe_busy_begin(); for (hash = 0; hash < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; hash++) { kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, next, head, hlist) { if (ri->rp == rp) ri->rp = NULL; } kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } kprobe_busy_end(); free_rp_inst(rp); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(cleanup_rp_inst); /* Add the new probe to ap->list */ static int add_new_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { if (p->post_handler) unoptimize_kprobe(ap, true); /* Fall back to normal kprobe */ list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); if (p->post_handler && !ap->post_handler) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; return 0; } /* * Fill in the required fields of the "manager kprobe". Replace the * earlier kprobe in the hlist with the manager kprobe */ static void init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p) { /* Copy p's insn slot to ap */ copy_kprobe(p, ap); flush_insn_slot(ap); ap->addr = p->addr; ap->flags = p->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED; ap->pre_handler = aggr_pre_handler; ap->fault_handler = aggr_fault_handler; /* We don't care the kprobe which has gone. */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ap->list); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ap->hlist); list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list); hlist_replace_rcu(&p->hlist, &ap->hlist); } /* * This is the second or subsequent kprobe at the address - handle * the intricacies */ static int register_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *orig_p, struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *ap = orig_p; cpus_read_lock(); /* For preparing optimization, jump_label_text_reserved() is called */ jump_label_lock(); mutex_lock(&text_mutex); if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(orig_p)) { /* If orig_p is not an aggr_kprobe, create new aggr_kprobe. */ ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(orig_p); if (!ap) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto out; } init_aggr_kprobe(ap, orig_p); } else if (kprobe_unused(ap)) { /* This probe is going to die. Rescue it */ ret = reuse_unused_kprobe(ap); if (ret) goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(ap)) { /* * Attempting to insert new probe at the same location that * had a probe in the module vaddr area which already * freed. So, the instruction slot has already been * released. We need a new slot for the new probe. */ ret = arch_prepare_kprobe(ap); if (ret) /* * Even if fail to allocate new slot, don't need to * free aggr_probe. It will be used next time, or * freed by unregister_kprobe. */ goto out; /* Prepare optimized instructions if possible. */ prepare_optimized_kprobe(ap); /* * Clear gone flag to prevent allocating new slot again, and * set disabled flag because it is not armed yet. */ ap->flags = (ap->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_GONE) | KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } /* Copy ap's insn slot to p */ copy_kprobe(ap, p); ret = add_new_kprobe(ap, p); out: mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); jump_label_unlock(); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret == 0 && kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { /* Arm the breakpoint again. */ ret = arm_kprobe(ap); if (ret) { ap->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; list_del_rcu(&p->list); synchronize_rcu(); } } } return ret; } bool __weak arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { /* The __kprobes marked functions and entry code must not be probed */ return addr >= (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start && addr < (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end; } static bool __within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; if (arch_within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* * If there exists a kprobe_blacklist, verify and * fail any probe registration in the prohibited area */ list_for_each_entry(ent, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (addr >= ent->start_addr && addr < ent->end_addr) return true; } return false; } bool within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr) { char symname[KSYM_NAME_LEN], *p; if (__within_kprobe_blacklist(addr)) return true; /* Check if the address is on a suffixed-symbol */ if (!lookup_symbol_name(addr, symname)) { p = strchr(symname, '.'); if (!p) return false; *p = '\0'; addr = (unsigned long)kprobe_lookup_name(symname, 0); if (addr) return __within_kprobe_blacklist(addr); } return false; } /* * If we have a symbol_name argument, look it up and add the offset field * to it. This way, we can specify a relative address to a symbol. * This returns encoded errors if it fails to look up symbol or invalid * combination of parameters. */ static kprobe_opcode_t *_kprobe_addr(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *symbol_name, unsigned int offset) { if ((symbol_name && addr) || (!symbol_name && !addr)) goto invalid; if (symbol_name) { addr = kprobe_lookup_name(symbol_name, offset); if (!addr) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } addr = (kprobe_opcode_t *)(((char *)addr) + offset); if (addr) return addr; invalid: return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static kprobe_opcode_t *kprobe_addr(struct kprobe *p) { return _kprobe_addr(p->addr, p->symbol_name, p->offset); } /* Check passed kprobe is valid and return kprobe in kprobe_table. */ static struct kprobe *__get_valid_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); ap = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (unlikely(!ap)) return NULL; if (p != ap) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) if (list_p == p) /* kprobe p is a valid probe */ goto valid; return NULL; } valid: return ap; } /* Return error if the kprobe is being re-registered */ static inline int check_kprobe_rereg(struct kprobe *p) { int ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); if (__get_valid_kprobe(p)) ret = -EINVAL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } int __weak arch_check_ftrace_location(struct kprobe *p) { unsigned long ftrace_addr; ftrace_addr = ftrace_location((unsigned long)p->addr); if (ftrace_addr) { #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE /* Given address is not on the instruction boundary */ if ((unsigned long)p->addr != ftrace_addr) return -EILSEQ; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_FTRACE; #else /* !CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE */ return -EINVAL; #endif } return 0; } static int check_kprobe_address_safe(struct kprobe *p, struct module **probed_mod) { int ret; ret = arch_check_ftrace_location(p); if (ret) return ret; jump_label_lock(); preempt_disable(); /* Ensure it is not in reserved area nor out of text */ if (!kernel_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr) || within_kprobe_blacklist((unsigned long) p->addr) || jump_label_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || static_call_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) || find_bug((unsigned long)p->addr)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } /* Check if are we probing a module */ *probed_mod = __module_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr); if (*probed_mod) { /* * We must hold a refcount of the probed module while updating * its code to prohibit unexpected unloading. */ if (unlikely(!try_module_get(*probed_mod))) { ret = -ENOENT; goto out; } /* * If the module freed .init.text, we couldn't insert * kprobes in there. */ if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, *probed_mod) && (*probed_mod)->state != MODULE_STATE_COMING) { module_put(*probed_mod); *probed_mod = NULL; ret = -ENOENT; } } out: preempt_enable(); jump_label_unlock(); return ret; } int register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { int ret; struct kprobe *old_p; struct module *probed_mod; kprobe_opcode_t *addr; /* Adjust probe address from symbol */ addr = kprobe_addr(p); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); p->addr = addr; ret = check_kprobe_rereg(p); if (ret) return ret; /* User can pass only KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED to register_kprobe */ p->flags &= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; p->nmissed = 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->list); ret = check_kprobe_address_safe(p, &probed_mod); if (ret) return ret; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); old_p = get_kprobe(p->addr); if (old_p) { /* Since this may unoptimize old_p, locking text_mutex. */ ret = register_aggr_kprobe(old_p, p); goto out; } cpus_read_lock(); /* Prevent text modification */ mutex_lock(&text_mutex); ret = prepare_kprobe(p); mutex_unlock(&text_mutex); cpus_read_unlock(); if (ret) goto out; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&p->hlist); hlist_add_head_rcu(&p->hlist, &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(p->addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]); if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) { hlist_del_rcu(&p->hlist); synchronize_rcu(); goto out; } } /* Try to optimize kprobe */ try_to_optimize_kprobe(p); out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); if (probed_mod) module_put(probed_mod); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobe); /* Check if all probes on the aggrprobe are disabled */ static int aggr_kprobe_disabled(struct kprobe *ap) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); list_for_each_entry(kp, &ap->list, list) if (!kprobe_disabled(kp)) /* * There is an active probe on the list. * We can't disable this ap. */ return 0; return 1; } /* Disable one kprobe: Make sure called under kprobe_mutex is locked */ static struct kprobe *__disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *orig_p; int ret; /* Get an original kprobe for return */ orig_p = __get_valid_kprobe(p); if (unlikely(orig_p == NULL)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { /* Disable probe if it is a child probe */ if (p != orig_p) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; /* Try to disarm and disable this/parent probe */ if (p == orig_p || aggr_kprobe_disabled(orig_p)) { /* * If kprobes_all_disarmed is set, orig_p * should have already been disarmed, so * skip unneed disarming process. */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) { ret = disarm_kprobe(orig_p, true); if (ret) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; return ERR_PTR(ret); } } orig_p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } } return orig_p; } /* * Unregister a kprobe without a scheduler synchronization. */ static int __unregister_kprobe_top(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap, *list_p; /* Disable kprobe. This will disarm it if needed. */ ap = __disable_kprobe(p); if (IS_ERR(ap)) return PTR_ERR(ap); if (ap == p) /* * This probe is an independent(and non-optimized) kprobe * (not an aggrprobe). Remove from the hash list. */ goto disarmed; /* Following process expects this probe is an aggrprobe */ WARN_ON(!kprobe_aggrprobe(ap)); if (list_is_singular(&ap->list) && kprobe_disarmed(ap)) /* * !disarmed could be happen if the probe is under delayed * unoptimizing. */ goto disarmed; else { /* If disabling probe has special handlers, update aggrprobe */ if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) { list_for_each_entry(list_p, &ap->list, list) { if ((list_p != p) && (list_p->post_handler)) goto noclean; } ap->post_handler = NULL; } noclean: /* * Remove from the aggrprobe: this path will do nothing in * __unregister_kprobe_bottom(). */ list_del_rcu(&p->list); if (!kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) /* * Try to optimize this probe again, because post * handler may have been changed. */ optimize_kprobe(ap); } return 0; disarmed: hlist_del_rcu(&ap->hlist); return 0; } static void __unregister_kprobe_bottom(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *ap; if (list_empty(&p->list)) /* This is an independent kprobe */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); else if (list_is_singular(&p->list)) { /* This is the last child of an aggrprobe */ ap = list_entry(p->list.next, struct kprobe, list); list_del(&p->list); free_aggr_kprobe(ap); } /* Otherwise, do nothing. */ } int register_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i, ret = 0; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kprobe(kps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kprobes(kps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobes); void unregister_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { unregister_kprobes(&p, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobe); void unregister_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(kps[i]) < 0) kps[i]->addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (kps[i]->addr) __unregister_kprobe_bottom(kps[i]); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobes); int __weak kprobe_exceptions_notify(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long val, void *data) { return NOTIFY_DONE; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_exceptions_notify); static struct notifier_block kprobe_exceptions_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobe_exceptions_notify, .priority = 0x7fffffff /* we need to be notified first */ }; unsigned long __weak arch_deref_entry_point(void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry; } #ifdef CONFIG_KRETPROBES unsigned long __kretprobe_trampoline_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, void *trampoline_address, void *frame_pointer) { struct kretprobe_instance *ri = NULL, *last = NULL; struct hlist_head *head; struct hlist_node *tmp; unsigned long flags; kprobe_opcode_t *correct_ret_addr = NULL; bool skipped = false; kretprobe_hash_lock(current, &head, &flags); /* * It is possible to have multiple instances associated with a given * task either because multiple functions in the call path have * return probes installed on them, and/or more than one * return probe was registered for a target function. * * We can handle this because: * - instances are always pushed into the head of the list * - when multiple return probes are registered for the same * function, the (chronologically) first instance's ret_addr * will be the real return address, and all the rest will * point to kretprobe_trampoline. */ hlist_for_each_entry(ri, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; /* * Return probes must be pushed on this hash list correct * order (same as return order) so that it can be popped * correctly. However, if we find it is pushed it incorrect * order, this means we find a function which should not be * probed, because the wrong order entry is pushed on the * path of processing other kretprobe itself. */ if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) { if (!skipped) pr_warn("kretprobe is stacked incorrectly. Trying to fixup.\n"); skipped = true; continue; } correct_ret_addr = ri->ret_addr; if (skipped) pr_warn("%ps must be blacklisted because of incorrect kretprobe order\n", ri->rp->kp.addr); if (correct_ret_addr != trampoline_address) /* * This is the real return address. Any other * instances associated with this task are for * other calls deeper on the call stack */ break; } BUG_ON(!correct_ret_addr || (correct_ret_addr == trampoline_address)); last = ri; hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) { if (ri->task != current) /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */ continue; if (ri->fp != frame_pointer) continue; if (ri->rp && ri->rp->handler) { struct kprobe *prev = kprobe_running(); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &ri->rp->kp); ri->ret_addr = correct_ret_addr; ri->rp->handler(ri, regs); __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, prev); } recycle_rp_inst(ri); if (ri == last) break; } kretprobe_hash_unlock(current, &flags); return (unsigned long)correct_ret_addr; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(__kretprobe_trampoline_handler) /* * This kprobe pre_handler is registered with every kretprobe. When probe * hits it will set up the return probe. */ static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { struct kretprobe *rp = container_of(p, struct kretprobe, kp); unsigned long hash, flags = 0; struct kretprobe_instance *ri; /* TODO: consider to only swap the RA after the last pre_handler fired */ hash = hash_ptr(current, KPROBE_HASH_BITS); /* * Nested is a workaround that will soon not be needed. * There's other protections that make sure the same lock * is not taken on the same CPU that lockdep is unaware of. */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); if (!hlist_empty(&rp->free_instances)) { ri = hlist_entry(rp->free_instances.first, struct kretprobe_instance, hlist); hlist_del(&ri->hlist); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); ri->rp = rp; ri->task = current; if (rp->entry_handler && rp->entry_handler(ri, regs)) { raw_spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&rp->lock, flags, 1); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); return 0; } arch_prepare_kretprobe(ri, regs); /* XXX(hch): why is there no hlist_move_head? */ INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist); kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags); hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]); kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags); } else { rp->nmissed++; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags); } return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); bool __weak arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(unsigned long offset) { return !offset; } /** * kprobe_on_func_entry() -- check whether given address is function entry * @addr: Target address * @sym: Target symbol name * @offset: The offset from the symbol or the address * * This checks whether the given @addr+@offset or @sym+@offset is on the * function entry address or not. * This returns 0 if it is the function entry, or -EINVAL if it is not. * And also it returns -ENOENT if it fails the symbol or address lookup. * Caller must pass @addr or @sym (either one must be NULL), or this * returns -EINVAL. */ int kprobe_on_func_entry(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *sym, unsigned long offset) { kprobe_opcode_t *kp_addr = _kprobe_addr(addr, sym, offset); if (IS_ERR(kp_addr)) return PTR_ERR(kp_addr); if (!kallsyms_lookup_size_offset((unsigned long)kp_addr, NULL, &offset)) return -ENOENT; if (!arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(offset)) return -EINVAL; return 0; } int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { int ret; struct kretprobe_instance *inst; int i; void *addr; ret = kprobe_on_func_entry(rp->kp.addr, rp->kp.symbol_name, rp->kp.offset); if (ret) return ret; /* If only rp->kp.addr is specified, check reregistering kprobes */ if (rp->kp.addr && check_kprobe_rereg(&rp->kp)) return -EINVAL; if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { addr = kprobe_addr(&rp->kp); if (IS_ERR(addr)) return PTR_ERR(addr); for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { if (kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr == addr) return -EINVAL; } } if (rp->data_size > KRETPROBE_MAX_DATA_SIZE) return -E2BIG; rp->kp.pre_handler = pre_handler_kretprobe; rp->kp.post_handler = NULL; rp->kp.fault_handler = NULL; /* Pre-allocate memory for max kretprobe instances */ if (rp->maxactive <= 0) { #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPTION rp->maxactive = max_t(unsigned int, 10, 2*num_possible_cpus()); #else rp->maxactive = num_possible_cpus(); #endif } raw_spin_lock_init(&rp->lock); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&rp->free_instances); for (i = 0; i < rp->maxactive; i++) { inst = kmalloc(sizeof(struct kretprobe_instance) + rp->data_size, GFP_KERNEL); if (inst == NULL) { free_rp_inst(rp); return -ENOMEM; } INIT_HLIST_NODE(&inst->hlist); hlist_add_head(&inst->hlist, &rp->free_instances); } rp->nmissed = 0; /* Establish function entry probe point */ ret = register_kprobe(&rp->kp); if (ret != 0) free_rp_inst(rp); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int ret = 0, i; if (num <= 0) return -EINVAL; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { ret = register_kretprobe(rps[i]); if (ret < 0) { if (i > 0) unregister_kretprobes(rps, i); break; } } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { unregister_kretprobes(&rp, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { int i; if (num <= 0) return; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (__unregister_kprobe_top(&rps[i]->kp) < 0) rps[i]->kp.addr = NULL; mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); synchronize_rcu(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) { if (rps[i]->kp.addr) { __unregister_kprobe_bottom(&rps[i]->kp); cleanup_rp_inst(rps[i]); } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); #else /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ int register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe); int register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { return -ENOSYS; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes); void unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe); void unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num) { } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes); static int pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs) { return 0; } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(pre_handler_kretprobe); #endif /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */ /* Set the kprobe gone and remove its instruction buffer. */ static void kill_kprobe(struct kprobe *p) { struct kprobe *kp; lockdep_assert_held(&kprobe_mutex); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(kprobe_gone(p))) return; p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { /* * If this is an aggr_kprobe, we have to list all the * chained probes and mark them GONE. */ list_for_each_entry(kp, &p->list, list) kp->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE; p->post_handler = NULL; kill_optimized_kprobe(p); } /* * Here, we can remove insn_slot safely, because no thread calls * the original probed function (which will be freed soon) any more. */ arch_remove_kprobe(p); /* * The module is going away. We should disarm the kprobe which * is using ftrace, because ftrace framework is still available at * MODULE_STATE_GOING notification. */ if (kprobe_ftrace(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobes_all_disarmed) disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p); } /* Disable one kprobe */ int disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Disable this kprobe */ p = __disable_kprobe(kp); if (IS_ERR(p)) ret = PTR_ERR(p); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(disable_kprobe); /* Enable one kprobe */ int enable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { int ret = 0; struct kprobe *p; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Check whether specified probe is valid. */ p = __get_valid_kprobe(kp); if (unlikely(p == NULL)) { ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (kprobe_gone(kp)) { /* This kprobe has gone, we couldn't enable it. */ ret = -EINVAL; goto out; } if (p != kp) kp->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && kprobe_disabled(p)) { p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; ret = arm_kprobe(p); if (ret) p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED; } out: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(enable_kprobe); /* Caller must NOT call this in usual path. This is only for critical case */ void dump_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp) { pr_err("Dumping kprobe:\n"); pr_err("Name: %s\nOffset: %x\nAddress: %pS\n", kp->symbol_name, kp->offset, kp->addr); } NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(dump_kprobe); int kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent; unsigned long offset = 0, size = 0; if (!kernel_text_address(entry) || !kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(entry, &size, &offset)) return -EINVAL; ent = kmalloc(sizeof(*ent), GFP_KERNEL); if (!ent) return -ENOMEM; ent->start_addr = entry; ent->end_addr = entry + size; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ent->list); list_add_tail(&ent->list, &kprobe_blacklist); return (int)size; } /* Add all symbols in given area into kprobe blacklist */ int kprobe_add_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { unsigned long entry; int ret = 0; for (entry = start; entry < end; entry += ret) { ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret < 0) return ret; if (ret == 0) /* In case of alias symbol */ ret = 1; } return 0; } /* Remove all symbols in given area from kprobe blacklist */ static void kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent, *n; list_for_each_entry_safe(ent, n, &kprobe_blacklist, list) { if (ent->start_addr < start || ent->start_addr >= end) continue; list_del(&ent->list); kfree(ent); } } static void kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(unsigned long entry) { kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(entry, entry + 1); } int __weak arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int *symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { return -ERANGE; } int kprobe_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_insn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES if (!kprobe_cache_get_kallsym(&kprobe_optinsn_slots, &symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; #endif #endif if (!arch_kprobe_get_kallsym(&symnum, value, type, sym)) return 0; return -ERANGE; } int __init __weak arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(void) { return 0; } /* * Lookup and populate the kprobe_blacklist. * * Unlike the kretprobe blacklist, we'll need to determine * the range of addresses that belong to the said functions, * since a kprobe need not necessarily be at the beginning * of a function. */ static int __init populate_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long *start, unsigned long *end) { unsigned long entry; unsigned long *iter; int ret; for (iter = start; iter < end; iter++) { entry = arch_deref_entry_point((void *)*iter); ret = kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(entry); if (ret == -EINVAL) continue; if (ret < 0) return ret; } /* Symbols in __kprobes_text are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start, (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end); if (ret) return ret; /* Symbols in noinstr section are blacklisted */ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__noinstr_text_start, (unsigned long)__noinstr_text_end); return ret ? : arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(); } static void add_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_add_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_add_area_blacklist(start, end); } } static void remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(struct module *mod) { unsigned long start, end; int i; if (mod->kprobe_blacklist) { for (i = 0; i < mod->num_kprobe_blacklist; i++) kprobe_remove_ksym_blacklist(mod->kprobe_blacklist[i]); } start = (unsigned long)mod->kprobes_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->kprobes_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } start = (unsigned long)mod->noinstr_text_start; if (start) { end = start + mod->noinstr_text_size; kprobe_remove_area_blacklist(start, end); } } /* Module notifier call back, checking kprobes on the module */ static int kprobes_module_callback(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val, void *data) { struct module *mod = data; struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i; int checkcore = (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING); if (val == MODULE_STATE_COMING) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); add_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } if (val != MODULE_STATE_GOING && val != MODULE_STATE_LIVE) return NOTIFY_DONE; /* * When MODULE_STATE_GOING was notified, both of module .text and * .init.text sections would be freed. When MODULE_STATE_LIVE was * notified, only .init.text section would be freed. We need to * disable kprobes which have been inserted in the sections. */ mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (kprobe_gone(p)) continue; if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, mod) || (checkcore && within_module_core((unsigned long)p->addr, mod))) { /* * The vaddr this probe is installed will soon * be vfreed buy not synced to disk. Hence, * disarming the breakpoint isn't needed. * * Note, this will also move any optimized probes * that are pending to be removed from their * corresponding lists to the freeing_list and * will not be touched by the delayed * kprobe_optimizer work handler. */ kill_kprobe(p); } } } if (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING) remove_module_kprobe_blacklist(mod); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return NOTIFY_DONE; } static struct notifier_block kprobe_module_nb = { .notifier_call = kprobes_module_callback, .priority = 0 }; /* Markers of _kprobe_blacklist section */ extern unsigned long __start_kprobe_blacklist[]; extern unsigned long __stop_kprobe_blacklist[]; void kprobe_free_init_mem(void) { void *start = (void *)(&__init_begin); void *end = (void *)(&__init_end); struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; int i; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Kill all kprobes on initmem */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (start <= (void *)p->addr && (void *)p->addr < end) kill_kprobe(p); } } mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static int __init init_kprobes(void) { int i, err = 0; /* FIXME allocate the probe table, currently defined statically */ /* initialize all list heads */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kprobe_table[i]); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kretprobe_inst_table[i]); raw_spin_lock_init(&(kretprobe_table_locks[i].lock)); } err = populate_kprobe_blacklist(__start_kprobe_blacklist, __stop_kprobe_blacklist); if (err) { pr_err("kprobes: failed to populate blacklist: %d\n", err); pr_err("Please take care of using kprobes.\n"); } if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) { /* lookup the function address from its name */ for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) { kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr = kprobe_lookup_name(kretprobe_blacklist[i].name, 0); if (!kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr) printk("kretprobe: lookup failed: %s\n", kretprobe_blacklist[i].name); } } /* By default, kprobes are armed */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) && defined(__ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT) /* Init kprobe_optinsn_slots for allocation */ kprobe_optinsn_slots.insn_size = MAX_OPTINSN_SIZE; #endif err = arch_init_kprobes(); if (!err) err = register_die_notifier(&kprobe_exceptions_nb); if (!err) err = register_module_notifier(&kprobe_module_nb); kprobes_initialized = (err == 0); if (!err) init_test_probes(); return err; } early_initcall(init_kprobes); #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES) static int __init init_optprobes(void) { /* * Enable kprobe optimization - this kicks the optimizer which * depends on synchronize_rcu_tasks() and ksoftirqd, that is * not spawned in early initcall. So delay the optimization. */ optimize_all_kprobes(); return 0; } subsys_initcall(init_optprobes); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS static void report_probe(struct seq_file *pi, struct kprobe *p, const char *sym, int offset, char *modname, struct kprobe *pp) { char *kprobe_type; void *addr = p->addr; if (p->pre_handler == pre_handler_kretprobe) kprobe_type = "r"; else kprobe_type = "k"; if (!kallsyms_show_value(pi->file->f_cred)) addr = NULL; if (sym) seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %s+0x%x %s ", addr, kprobe_type, sym, offset, (modname ? modname : " ")); else /* try to use %pS */ seq_printf(pi, "%px %s %pS ", addr, kprobe_type, p->addr); if (!pp) pp = p; seq_printf(pi, "%s%s%s%s\n", (kprobe_gone(p) ? "[GONE]" : ""), ((kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobe_gone(p)) ? "[DISABLED]" : ""), (kprobe_optimized(pp) ? "[OPTIMIZED]" : ""), (kprobe_ftrace(pp) ? "[FTRACE]" : "")); } static void *kprobe_seq_start(struct seq_file *f, loff_t *pos) { return (*pos < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) ? pos : NULL; } static void *kprobe_seq_next(struct seq_file *f, void *v, loff_t *pos) { (*pos)++; if (*pos >= KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) return NULL; return pos; } static void kprobe_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { /* Nothing to do */ } static int show_kprobe_addr(struct seq_file *pi, void *v) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p, *kp; const char *sym = NULL; unsigned int i = *(loff_t *) v; unsigned long offset = 0; char *modname, namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN]; head = &kprobe_table[i]; preempt_disable(); hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, hlist) { sym = kallsyms_lookup((unsigned long)p->addr, NULL, &offset, &modname, namebuf); if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) { list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) report_probe(pi, kp, sym, offset, modname, p); } else report_probe(pi, p, sym, offset, modname, NULL); } preempt_enable(); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations kprobes_sops = { .start = kprobe_seq_start, .next = kprobe_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_seq_stop, .show = show_kprobe_addr }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobes); /* kprobes/blacklist -- shows which functions can not be probed */ static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); return seq_list_start(&kprobe_blacklist, *pos); } static void *kprobe_blacklist_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { return seq_list_next(v, &kprobe_blacklist, pos); } static int kprobe_blacklist_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct kprobe_blacklist_entry *ent = list_entry(v, struct kprobe_blacklist_entry, list); /* * If /proc/kallsyms is not showing kernel address, we won't * show them here either. */ if (!kallsyms_show_value(m->file->f_cred)) seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", NULL, NULL, (void *)ent->start_addr); else seq_printf(m, "0x%px-0x%px\t%ps\n", (void *)ent->start_addr, (void *)ent->end_addr, (void *)ent->start_addr); return 0; } static void kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); } static const struct seq_operations kprobe_blacklist_sops = { .start = kprobe_blacklist_seq_start, .next = kprobe_blacklist_seq_next, .stop = kprobe_blacklist_seq_stop, .show = kprobe_blacklist_seq_show, }; DEFINE_SEQ_ATTRIBUTE(kprobe_blacklist); static int arm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are armed, just return */ if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) goto already_enabled; /* * optimize_kprobe() called by arm_kprobe() checks * kprobes_all_disarmed, so set kprobes_all_disarmed before * arm_kprobe. */ kprobes_all_disarmed = false; /* Arming kprobes doesn't optimize kprobe itself */ for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Arm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = arm_kprobe(p); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally enabled, but failed to arm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally enabled\n"); already_enabled: mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return ret; } static int disarm_all_kprobes(void) { struct hlist_head *head; struct kprobe *p; unsigned int i, total = 0, errors = 0; int err, ret = 0; mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex); /* If kprobes are already disarmed, just return */ if (kprobes_all_disarmed) { mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); return 0; } kprobes_all_disarmed = true; for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) { head = &kprobe_table[i]; /* Disarm all kprobes on a best-effort basis */ hlist_for_each_entry(p, head, hlist) { if (!arch_trampoline_kprobe(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) { err = disarm_kprobe(p, false); if (err) { errors++; ret = err; } total++; } } } if (errors) pr_warn("Kprobes globally disabled, but failed to disarm %d out of %d probes\n", errors, total); else pr_info("Kprobes globally disabled\n"); mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex); /* Wait for disarming all kprobes by optimizer */ wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(); return ret; } /* * XXX: The debugfs bool file interface doesn't allow for callbacks * when the bool state is switched. We can reuse that facility when * available */ static ssize_t read_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[3]; if (!kprobes_all_disarmed) buf[0] = '1'; else buf[0] = '0'; buf[1] = '\n'; buf[2] = 0x00; return simple_read_from_buffer(user_buf, count, ppos, buf, 2); } static ssize_t write_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file, const char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos) { char buf[32]; size_t buf_size; int ret = 0; buf_size = min(count, (sizeof(buf)-1)); if (copy_from_user(buf, user_buf, buf_size)) return -EFAULT; buf[buf_size] = '\0'; switch (buf[0]) { case 'y': case 'Y': case '1': ret = arm_all_kprobes(); break; case 'n': case 'N': case '0': ret = disarm_all_kprobes(); break; default: return -EINVAL; } if (ret) return ret; return count; } static const struct file_operations fops_kp = { .read = read_enabled_file_bool, .write = write_enabled_file_bool, .llseek = default_llseek, }; static int __init debugfs_kprobe_init(void) { struct dentry *dir; dir = debugfs_create_dir("kprobes", NULL); debugfs_create_file("list", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobes_fops); debugfs_create_file("enabled", 0600, dir, NULL, &fops_kp); debugfs_create_file("blacklist", 0400, dir, NULL, &kprobe_blacklist_fops); return 0; } late_initcall(debugfs_kprobe_init); #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_FS */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * inet6 interface/address list definitions * Linux INET6 implementation * * Authors: * Pedro Roque <roque@di.fc.ul.pt> */ #ifndef _NET_IF_INET6_H #define _NET_IF_INET6_H #include <net/snmp.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> /* inet6_dev.if_flags */ #define IF_RA_OTHERCONF 0x80 #define IF_RA_MANAGED 0x40 #define IF_RA_RCVD 0x20 #define IF_RS_SENT 0x10 #define IF_READY 0x80000000 /* prefix flags */ #define IF_PREFIX_ONLINK 0x01 #define IF_PREFIX_AUTOCONF 0x02 enum { INET6_IFADDR_STATE_PREDAD, INET6_IFADDR_STATE_DAD, INET6_IFADDR_STATE_POSTDAD, INET6_IFADDR_STATE_ERRDAD, INET6_IFADDR_STATE_DEAD, }; struct inet6_ifaddr { struct in6_addr addr; __u32 prefix_len; __u32 rt_priority; /* In seconds, relative to tstamp. Expiry is at tstamp + HZ * lft. */ __u32 valid_lft; __u32 prefered_lft; refcount_t refcnt; spinlock_t lock; int state; __u32 flags; __u8 dad_probes; __u8 stable_privacy_retry; __u16 scope; __u64 dad_nonce; unsigned long cstamp; /* created timestamp */ unsigned long tstamp; /* updated timestamp */ struct delayed_work dad_work; struct inet6_dev *idev; struct fib6_info *rt; struct hlist_node addr_lst; struct list_head if_list; struct list_head tmp_list; struct inet6_ifaddr *ifpub; int regen_count; bool tokenized; struct rcu_head rcu; struct in6_addr peer_addr; }; struct ip6_sf_socklist { unsigned int sl_max; unsigned int sl_count; struct in6_addr sl_addr[]; }; #define IP6_SFLSIZE(count) (sizeof(struct ip6_sf_socklist) + \ (count) * sizeof(struct in6_addr)) #define IP6_SFBLOCK 10 /* allocate this many at once */ struct ipv6_mc_socklist { struct in6_addr addr; int ifindex; unsigned int sfmode; /* MCAST_{INCLUDE,EXCLUDE} */ struct ipv6_mc_socklist __rcu *next; rwlock_t sflock; struct ip6_sf_socklist *sflist; struct rcu_head rcu; }; struct ip6_sf_list { struct ip6_sf_list *sf_next; struct in6_addr sf_addr; unsigned long sf_count[2]; /* include/exclude counts */ unsigned char sf_gsresp; /* include in g & s response? */ unsigned char sf_oldin; /* change state */ unsigned char sf_crcount; /* retrans. left to send */ }; #define MAF_TIMER_RUNNING 0x01 #define MAF_LAST_REPORTER 0x02 #define MAF_LOADED 0x04 #define MAF_NOREPORT 0x08 #define MAF_GSQUERY 0x10 struct ifmcaddr6 { struct in6_addr mca_addr; struct inet6_dev *idev; struct ifmcaddr6 *next; struct ip6_sf_list *mca_sources; struct ip6_sf_list *mca_tomb; unsigned int mca_sfmode; unsigned char mca_crcount; unsigned long mca_sfcount[2]; struct timer_list mca_timer; unsigned int mca_flags; int mca_users; refcount_t mca_refcnt; spinlock_t mca_lock; unsigned long mca_cstamp; unsigned long mca_tstamp; }; /* Anycast stuff */ struct ipv6_ac_socklist { struct in6_addr acl_addr; int acl_ifindex; struct ipv6_ac_socklist *acl_next; }; struct ifacaddr6 { struct in6_addr aca_addr; struct fib6_info *aca_rt; struct ifacaddr6 *aca_next; struct hlist_node aca_addr_lst; int aca_users; refcount_t aca_refcnt; unsigned long aca_cstamp; unsigned long aca_tstamp; struct rcu_head rcu; }; #define IFA_HOST IPV6_ADDR_LOOPBACK #define IFA_LINK IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL #define IFA_SITE IPV6_ADDR_SITELOCAL struct ipv6_devstat { struct proc_dir_entry *proc_dir_entry; DEFINE_SNMP_STAT(struct ipstats_mib, ipv6); DEFINE_SNMP_STAT_ATOMIC(struct icmpv6_mib_device, icmpv6dev); DEFINE_SNMP_STAT_ATOMIC(struct icmpv6msg_mib_device, icmpv6msgdev); }; struct inet6_dev { struct net_device *dev; struct list_head addr_list; struct ifmcaddr6 *mc_list; struct ifmcaddr6 *mc_tomb; spinlock_t mc_lock; unsigned char mc_qrv; /* Query Robustness Variable */ unsigned char mc_gq_running; unsigned char mc_ifc_count; unsigned char mc_dad_count; unsigned long mc_v1_seen; /* Max time we stay in MLDv1 mode */ unsigned long mc_qi; /* Query Interval */ unsigned long mc_qri; /* Query Response Interval */ unsigned long mc_maxdelay; struct timer_list mc_gq_timer; /* general query timer */ struct timer_list mc_ifc_timer; /* interface change timer */ struct timer_list mc_dad_timer; /* dad complete mc timer */ struct ifacaddr6 *ac_list; rwlock_t lock; refcount_t refcnt; __u32 if_flags; int dead; u32 desync_factor; struct list_head tempaddr_list; struct in6_addr token; struct neigh_parms *nd_parms; struct ipv6_devconf cnf; struct ipv6_devstat stats; struct timer_list rs_timer; __s32 rs_interval; /* in jiffies */ __u8 rs_probes; unsigned long tstamp; /* ipv6InterfaceTable update timestamp */ struct rcu_head rcu; }; static inline void ipv6_eth_mc_map(const struct in6_addr *addr, char *buf) { /* * +-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ * | 33 | 33 | DST13 | DST14 | DST15 | DST16 | * +-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+ */ buf[0]= 0x33; buf[1]= 0x33; memcpy(buf + 2, &addr->s6_addr32[3], sizeof(__u32)); } static inline void ipv6_arcnet_mc_map(const struct in6_addr *addr, char *buf) { buf[0] = 0x00; } static inline void ipv6_ib_mc_map(const struct in6_addr *addr, const unsigned char *broadcast, char *buf) { unsigned char scope = broadcast[5] & 0xF; buf[0] = 0; /* Reserved */ buf[1] = 0xff; /* Multicast QPN */ buf[2] = 0xff; buf[3] = 0xff; buf[4] = 0xff; buf[5] = 0x10 | scope; /* scope from broadcast address */ buf[6] = 0x60; /* IPv6 signature */ buf[7] = 0x1b; buf[8] = broadcast[8]; /* P_Key */ buf[9] = broadcast[9]; memcpy(buf + 10, addr->s6_addr + 6, 10); } static inline int ipv6_ipgre_mc_map(const struct in6_addr *addr, const unsigned char *broadcast, char *buf) { if ((broadcast[0] | broadcast[1] | broadcast[2] | broadcast[3]) != 0) { memcpy(buf, broadcast, 4); } else { /* v4mapped? */ if ((addr->s6_addr32[0] | addr->s6_addr32[1] | (addr->s6_addr32[2] ^ htonl(0x0000ffff))) != 0) return -EINVAL; memcpy(buf, &addr->s6_addr32[3], 4); } return 0; } #endif
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_LIST_H #define _LINUX_LIST_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/poison.h> #include <linux/const.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> /* * Simple doubly linked list implementation. * * Some of the internal functions ("__xxx") are useful when * manipulating whole lists rather than single entries, as * sometimes we already know the next/prev entries and we can * generate better code by using them directly rather than * using the generic single-entry routines. */ #define LIST_HEAD_INIT(name) { &(name), &(name) } #define LIST_HEAD(name) \ struct list_head name = LIST_HEAD_INIT(name) /** * INIT_LIST_HEAD - Initialize a list_head structure * @list: list_head structure to be initialized. * * Initializes the list_head to point to itself. If it is a list header, * the result is an empty list. */ static inline void INIT_LIST_HEAD(struct list_head *list) { WRITE_ONCE(list->next, list); list->prev = list; } #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LIST extern bool __list_add_valid(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next); extern bool __list_del_entry_valid(struct list_head *entry); #else static inline bool __list_add_valid(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next) { return true; } static inline bool __list_del_entry_valid(struct list_head *entry) { return true; } #endif /* * Insert a new entry between two known consecutive entries. * * This is only for internal list manipulation where we know * the prev/next entries already! */ static inline void __list_add(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next) { if (!__list_add_valid(new, prev, next)) return; next->prev = new; new->next = next; new->prev = prev; WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, new); } /** * list_add - add a new entry * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it after * * Insert a new entry after the specified head. * This is good for implementing stacks. */ static inline void list_add(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add(new, head, head->next); } /** * list_add_tail - add a new entry * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it before * * Insert a new entry before the specified head. * This is useful for implementing queues. */ static inline void list_add_tail(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add(new, head->prev, head); } /* * Delete a list entry by making the prev/next entries * point to each other. * * This is only for internal list manipulation where we know * the prev/next entries already! */ static inline void __list_del(struct list_head * prev, struct list_head * next) { next->prev = prev; WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, next); } /* * Delete a list entry and clear the 'prev' pointer. * * This is a special-purpose list clearing method used in the networking code * for lists allocated as per-cpu, where we don't want to incur the extra * WRITE_ONCE() overhead of a regular list_del_init(). The code that uses this * needs to check the node 'prev' pointer instead of calling list_empty(). */ static inline void __list_del_clearprev(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del(entry->prev, entry->next); entry->prev = NULL; } static inline void __list_del_entry(struct list_head *entry) { if (!__list_del_entry_valid(entry)) return; __list_del(entry->prev, entry->next); } /** * list_del - deletes entry from list. * @entry: the element to delete from the list. * Note: list_empty() on entry does not return true after this, the entry is * in an undefined state. */ static inline void list_del(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del_entry(entry); entry->next = LIST_POISON1; entry->prev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * list_replace - replace old entry by new one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * If @old was empty, it will be overwritten. */ static inline void list_replace(struct list_head *old, struct list_head *new) { new->next = old->next; new->next->prev = new; new->prev = old->prev; new->prev->next = new; } /** * list_replace_init - replace old entry by new one and initialize the old one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * If @old was empty, it will be overwritten. */ static inline void list_replace_init(struct list_head *old, struct list_head *new) { list_replace(old, new); INIT_LIST_HEAD(old); } /** * list_swap - replace entry1 with entry2 and re-add entry1 at entry2's position * @entry1: the location to place entry2 * @entry2: the location to place entry1 */ static inline void list_swap(struct list_head *entry1, struct list_head *entry2) { struct list_head *pos = entry2->prev; list_del(entry2); list_replace(entry1, entry2); if (pos == entry1) pos = entry2; list_add(entry1, pos); } /** * list_del_init - deletes entry from list and reinitialize it. * @entry: the element to delete from the list. */ static inline void list_del_init(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del_entry(entry); INIT_LIST_HEAD(entry); } /** * list_move - delete from one list and add as another's head * @list: the entry to move * @head: the head that will precede our entry */ static inline void list_move(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { __list_del_entry(list); list_add(list, head); } /** * list_move_tail - delete from one list and add as another's tail * @list: the entry to move * @head: the head that will follow our entry */ static inline void list_move_tail(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { __list_del_entry(list); list_add_tail(list, head); } /** * list_bulk_move_tail - move a subsection of a list to its tail * @head: the head that will follow our entry * @first: first entry to move * @last: last entry to move, can be the same as first * * Move all entries between @first and including @last before @head. * All three entries must belong to the same linked list. */ static inline void list_bulk_move_tail(struct list_head *head, struct list_head *first, struct list_head *last) { first->prev->next = last->next; last->next->prev = first->prev; head->prev->next = first; first->prev = head->prev; last->next = head; head->prev = last; } /** * list_is_first -- tests whether @list is the first entry in list @head * @list: the entry to test * @head: the head of the list */ static inline int list_is_first(const struct list_head *list, const struct list_head *head) { return list->prev == head; } /** * list_is_last - tests whether @list is the last entry in list @head * @list: the entry to test * @head: the head of the list */ static inline int list_is_last(const struct list_head *list, const struct list_head *head) { return list->next == head; } /** * list_empty - tests whether a list is empty * @head: the list to test. */ static inline int list_empty(const struct list_head *head) { return READ_ONCE(head->next) == head; } /** * list_del_init_careful - deletes entry from list and reinitialize it. * @entry: the element to delete from the list. * * This is the same as list_del_init(), except designed to be used * together with list_empty_careful() in a way to guarantee ordering * of other memory operations. * * Any memory operations done before a list_del_init_careful() are * guaranteed to be visible after a list_empty_careful() test. */ static inline void list_del_init_careful(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del_entry(entry); entry->prev = entry; smp_store_release(&entry->next, entry); } /** * list_empty_careful - tests whether a list is empty and not being modified * @head: the list to test * * Description: * tests whether a list is empty _and_ checks that no other CPU might be * in the process of modifying either member (next or prev) * * NOTE: using list_empty_careful() without synchronization * can only be safe if the only activity that can happen * to the list entry is list_del_init(). Eg. it cannot be used * if another CPU could re-list_add() it. */ static inline int list_empty_careful(const struct list_head *head) { struct list_head *next = smp_load_acquire(&head->next); return (next == head) && (next == head->prev); } /** * list_rotate_left - rotate the list to the left * @head: the head of the list */ static inline void list_rotate_left(struct list_head *head) { struct list_head *first; if (!list_empty(head)) { first = head->next; list_move_tail(first, head); } } /** * list_rotate_to_front() - Rotate list to specific item. * @list: The desired new front of the list. * @head: The head of the list. * * Rotates list so that @list becomes the new front of the list. */ static inline void list_rotate_to_front(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { /* * Deletes the list head from the list denoted by @head and * places it as the tail of @list, this effectively rotates the * list so that @list is at the front. */ list_move_tail(head, list); } /** * list_is_singular - tests whether a list has just one entry. * @head: the list to test. */ static inline int list_is_singular(const struct list_head *head) { return !list_empty(head) && (head->next == head->prev); } static inline void __list_cut_position(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, struct list_head *entry) { struct list_head *new_first = entry->next; list->next = head->next; list->next->prev = list; list->prev = entry; entry->next = list; head->next = new_first; new_first->prev = head; } /** * list_cut_position - cut a list into two * @list: a new list to add all removed entries * @head: a list with entries * @entry: an entry within head, could be the head itself * and if so we won't cut the list * * This helper moves the initial part of @head, up to and * including @entry, from @head to @list. You should * pass on @entry an element you know is on @head. @list * should be an empty list or a list you do not care about * losing its data. * */ static inline void list_cut_position(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, struct list_head *entry) { if (list_empty(head)) return; if (list_is_singular(head) && (head->next != entry && head != entry)) return; if (entry == head) INIT_LIST_HEAD(list); else __list_cut_position(list, head, entry); } /** * list_cut_before - cut a list into two, before given entry * @list: a new list to add all removed entries * @head: a list with entries * @entry: an entry within head, could be the head itself * * This helper moves the initial part of @head, up to but * excluding @entry, from @head to @list. You should pass * in @entry an element you know is on @head. @list should * be an empty list or a list you do not care about losing * its data. * If @entry == @head, all entries on @head are moved to * @list. */ static inline void list_cut_before(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, struct list_head *entry) { if (head->next == entry) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(list); return; } list->next = head->next; list->next->prev = list; list->prev = entry->prev; list->prev->next = list; head->next = entry; entry->prev = head; } static inline void __list_splice(const struct list_head *list, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next) { struct list_head *first = list->next; struct list_head *last = list->prev; first->prev = prev; prev->next = first; last->next = next; next->prev = last; } /** * list_splice - join two lists, this is designed for stacks * @list: the new list to add. * @head: the place to add it in the first list. */ static inline void list_splice(const struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice(list, head, head->next); } /** * list_splice_tail - join two lists, each list being a queue * @list: the new list to add. * @head: the place to add it in the first list. */ static inline void list_splice_tail(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice(list, head->prev, head); } /** * list_splice_init - join two lists and reinitialise the emptied list. * @list: the new list to add. * @head: the place to add it in the first list. * * The list at @list is reinitialised */ static inline void list_splice_init(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { if (!list_empty(list)) { __list_splice(list, head, head->next); INIT_LIST_HEAD(list); } } /** * list_splice_tail_init - join two lists and reinitialise the emptied list * @list: the new list to add. * @head: the place to add it in the first list. * * Each of the lists is a queue. * The list at @list is reinitialised */ static inline void list_splice_tail_init(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head) { if (!list_empty(list)) { __list_splice(list, head->prev, head); INIT_LIST_HEAD(list); } } /** * list_entry - get the struct for this entry * @ptr: the &struct list_head pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_entry(ptr, type, member) \ container_of(ptr, type, member) /** * list_first_entry - get the first element from a list * @ptr: the list head to take the element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note, that list is expected to be not empty. */ #define list_first_entry(ptr, type, member) \ list_entry((ptr)->next, type, member) /** * list_last_entry - get the last element from a list * @ptr: the list head to take the element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note, that list is expected to be not empty. */ #define list_last_entry(ptr, type, member) \ list_entry((ptr)->prev, type, member) /** * list_first_entry_or_null - get the first element from a list * @ptr: the list head to take the element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note that if the list is empty, it returns NULL. */ #define list_first_entry_or_null(ptr, type, member) ({ \ struct list_head *head__ = (ptr); \ struct list_head *pos__ = READ_ONCE(head__->next); \ pos__ != head__ ? list_entry(pos__, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * list_next_entry - get the next element in list * @pos: the type * to cursor * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_next_entry(pos, member) \ list_entry((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member) /** * list_prev_entry - get the prev element in list * @pos: the type * to cursor * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_prev_entry(pos, member) \ list_entry((pos)->member.prev, typeof(*(pos)), member) /** * list_for_each - iterate over a list * @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. */ #define list_for_each(pos, head) \ for (pos = (head)->next; pos != (head); pos = pos->next) /** * list_for_each_continue - continue iteration over a list * @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * * Continue to iterate over a list, continuing after the current position. */ #define list_for_each_continue(pos, head) \ for (pos = pos->next; pos != (head); pos = pos->next) /** * list_for_each_prev - iterate over a list backwards * @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. */ #define list_for_each_prev(pos, head) \ for (pos = (head)->prev; pos != (head); pos = pos->prev) /** * list_for_each_safe - iterate over a list safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another &struct list_head to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. */ #define list_for_each_safe(pos, n, head) \ for (pos = (head)->next, n = pos->next; pos != (head); \ pos = n, n = pos->next) /** * list_for_each_prev_safe - iterate over a list backwards safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another &struct list_head to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. */ #define list_for_each_prev_safe(pos, n, head) \ for (pos = (head)->prev, n = pos->prev; \ pos != (head); \ pos = n, n = pos->prev) /** * list_entry_is_head - test if the entry points to the head of the list * @pos: the type * to cursor * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member) \ (&pos->member == (head)) /** * list_for_each_entry - iterate over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_for_each_entry(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_first_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_next_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_reverse - iterate backwards over list of given type. * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_for_each_entry_reverse(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_last_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_prev_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_prepare_entry - prepare a pos entry for use in list_for_each_entry_continue() * @pos: the type * to use as a start point * @head: the head of the list * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Prepares a pos entry for use as a start point in list_for_each_entry_continue(). */ #define list_prepare_entry(pos, head, member) \ ((pos) ? : list_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_continue - continue iteration over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Continue to iterate over list of given type, continuing after * the current position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_continue(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_next_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_next_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse - iterate backwards from the given point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Start to iterate over list of given type backwards, continuing after * the current position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_prev_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_prev_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_from - iterate over list of given type from the current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Iterate over list of given type, continuing from current position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_from(pos, head, member) \ for (; !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_next_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_from_reverse - iterate backwards over list of given type * from the current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Iterate backwards over list of given type, continuing from current position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_from_reverse(pos, head, member) \ for (; !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = list_prev_entry(pos, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_safe - iterate over list of given type safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. */ #define list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, head, member) \ for (pos = list_first_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member), \ n = list_next_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = n, n = list_next_entry(n, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_safe_continue - continue list iteration safe against removal * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Iterate over list of given type, continuing after current point, * safe against removal of list entry. */ #define list_for_each_entry_safe_continue(pos, n, head, member) \ for (pos = list_next_entry(pos, member), \ n = list_next_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = n, n = list_next_entry(n, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_safe_from - iterate over list from current point safe against removal * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Iterate over list of given type from current point, safe against * removal of list entry. */ #define list_for_each_entry_safe_from(pos, n, head, member) \ for (n = list_next_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = n, n = list_next_entry(n, member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse - iterate backwards over list safe against removal * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Iterate backwards over list of given type, safe against removal * of list entry. */ #define list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse(pos, n, head, member) \ for (pos = list_last_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member), \ n = list_prev_entry(pos, member); \ !list_entry_is_head(pos, head, member); \ pos = n, n = list_prev_entry(n, member)) /** * list_safe_reset_next - reset a stale list_for_each_entry_safe loop * @pos: the loop cursor used in the list_for_each_entry_safe loop * @n: temporary storage used in list_for_each_entry_safe * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * list_safe_reset_next is not safe to use in general if the list may be * modified concurrently (eg. the lock is dropped in the loop body). An * exception to this is if the cursor element (pos) is pinned in the list, * and list_safe_reset_next is called after re-taking the lock and before * completing the current iteration of the loop body. */ #define list_safe_reset_next(pos, n, member) \ n = list_next_entry(pos, member) /* * Double linked lists with a single pointer list head. * Mostly useful for hash tables where the two pointer list head is * too wasteful. * You lose the ability to access the tail in O(1). */ #define HLIST_HEAD_INIT { .first = NULL } #define HLIST_HEAD(name) struct hlist_head name = { .first = NULL } #define INIT_HLIST_HEAD(ptr) ((ptr)->first = NULL) static inline void INIT_HLIST_NODE(struct hlist_node *h) { h->next = NULL; h->pprev = NULL; } /** * hlist_unhashed - Has node been removed from list and reinitialized? * @h: Node to be checked * * Not that not all removal functions will leave a node in unhashed * state. For example, hlist_nulls_del_init_rcu() does leave the * node in unhashed state, but hlist_nulls_del() does not. */ static inline int hlist_unhashed(const struct hlist_node *h) { return !h->pprev; } /** * hlist_unhashed_lockless - Version of hlist_unhashed for lockless use * @h: Node to be checked * * This variant of hlist_unhashed() must be used in lockless contexts * to avoid potential load-tearing. The READ_ONCE() is paired with the * various WRITE_ONCE() in hlist helpers that are defined below. */ static inline int hlist_unhashed_lockless(const struct hlist_node *h) { return !READ_ONCE(h->pprev); } /** * hlist_empty - Is the specified hlist_head structure an empty hlist? * @h: Structure to check. */ static inline int hlist_empty(const struct hlist_head *h) { return !READ_ONCE(h->first); } static inline void __hlist_del(struct hlist_node *n) { struct hlist_node *next = n->next; struct hlist_node **pprev = n->pprev; WRITE_ONCE(*pprev, next); if (next) WRITE_ONCE(next->pprev, pprev); } /** * hlist_del - Delete the specified hlist_node from its list * @n: Node to delete. * * Note that this function leaves the node in hashed state. Use * hlist_del_init() or similar instead to unhash @n. */ static inline void hlist_del(struct hlist_node *n) { __hlist_del(n); n->next = LIST_POISON1; n->pprev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * hlist_del_init - Delete the specified hlist_node from its list and initialize * @n: Node to delete. * * Note that this function leaves the node in unhashed state. */ static inline void hlist_del_init(struct hlist_node *n) { if (!hlist_unhashed(n)) { __hlist_del(n); INIT_HLIST_NODE(n); } } /** * hlist_add_head - add a new entry at the beginning of the hlist * @n: new entry to be added * @h: hlist head to add it after * * Insert a new entry after the specified head. * This is good for implementing stacks. */ static inline void hlist_add_head(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { struct hlist_node *first = h->first; WRITE_ONCE(n->next, first); if (first) WRITE_ONCE(first->pprev, &n->next); WRITE_ONCE(h->first, n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &h->first); } /** * hlist_add_before - add a new entry before the one specified * @n: new entry to be added * @next: hlist node to add it before, which must be non-NULL */ static inline void hlist_add_before(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *next) { WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, next->pprev); WRITE_ONCE(n->next, next); WRITE_ONCE(next->pprev, &n->next); WRITE_ONCE(*(n->pprev), n); } /** * hlist_add_behing - add a new entry after the one specified * @n: new entry to be added * @prev: hlist node to add it after, which must be non-NULL */ static inline void hlist_add_behind(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *prev) { WRITE_ONCE(n->next, prev->next); WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &prev->next); if (n->next) WRITE_ONCE(n->next->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_add_fake - create a fake hlist consisting of a single headless node * @n: Node to make a fake list out of * * This makes @n appear to be its own predecessor on a headless hlist. * The point of this is to allow things like hlist_del() to work correctly * in cases where there is no list. */ static inline void hlist_add_fake(struct hlist_node *n) { n->pprev = &n->next; } /** * hlist_fake: Is this node a fake hlist? * @h: Node to check for being a self-referential fake hlist. */ static inline bool hlist_fake(struct hlist_node *h) { return h->pprev == &h->next; } /** * hlist_is_singular_node - is node the only element of the specified hlist? * @n: Node to check for singularity. * @h: Header for potentially singular list. * * Check whether the node is the only node of the head without * accessing head, thus avoiding unnecessary cache misses. */ static inline bool hlist_is_singular_node(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { return !n->next && n->pprev == &h->first; } /** * hlist_move_list - Move an hlist * @old: hlist_head for old list. * @new: hlist_head for new list. * * Move a list from one list head to another. Fixup the pprev * reference of the first entry if it exists. */ static inline void hlist_move_list(struct hlist_head *old, struct hlist_head *new) { new->first = old->first; if (new->first) new->first->pprev = &new->first; old->first = NULL; } #define hlist_entry(ptr, type, member) container_of(ptr,type,member) #define hlist_for_each(pos, head) \ for (pos = (head)->first; pos ; pos = pos->next) #define hlist_for_each_safe(pos, n, head) \ for (pos = (head)->first; pos && ({ n = pos->next; 1; }); \ pos = n) #define hlist_entry_safe(ptr, type, member) \ ({ typeof(ptr) ____ptr = (ptr); \ ____ptr ? hlist_entry(____ptr, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * hlist_for_each_entry - iterate over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe((head)->first, typeof(*(pos)), member);\ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_continue - iterate over a hlist continuing after current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_continue(pos, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member);\ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_from - iterate over a hlist continuing from current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_from(pos, member) \ for (; pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_safe - iterate over list of given type safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @n: a &struct hlist_node to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe((head)->first, typeof(*pos), member);\ pos && ({ n = pos->member.next; 1; }); \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(n, typeof(*pos), member)) #endif
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Lockless hierarchical page accounting & limiting * * Copyright (C) 2014 Red Hat, Inc., Johannes Weiner */ #include <linux/page_counter.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <asm/page.h> static void propagate_protected_usage(struct page_counter *c, unsigned long usage) { unsigned long protected, old_protected; unsigned long low, min; long delta; if (!c->parent) return; min = READ_ONCE(c->min); if (min || atomic_long_read(&c->min_usage)) { protected = min(usage, min); old_protected = atomic_long_xchg(&c->min_usage, protected); delta = protected - old_protected; if (delta) atomic_long_add(delta, &c->parent->children_min_usage); } low = READ_ONCE(c->low); if (low || atomic_long_read(&c->low_usage)) { protected = min(usage, low); old_protected = atomic_long_xchg(&c->low_usage, protected); delta = protected - old_protected; if (delta) atomic_long_add(delta, &c->parent->children_low_usage); } } /** * page_counter_cancel - take pages out of the local counter * @counter: counter * @nr_pages: number of pages to cancel */ void page_counter_cancel(struct page_counter *counter, unsigned long nr_pages) { long new; new = atomic_long_sub_return(nr_pages, &counter->usage); propagate_protected_usage(counter, new); /* More uncharges than charges? */ WARN_ON_ONCE(new < 0); } /** * page_counter_charge - hierarchically charge pages * @counter: counter * @nr_pages: number of pages to charge * * NOTE: This does not consider any configured counter limits. */ void page_counter_charge(struct page_counter *counter, unsigned long nr_pages) { struct page_counter *c; for (c = counter; c; c = c->parent) { long new; new = atomic_long_add_return(nr_pages, &c->usage); propagate_protected_usage(c, new); /* * This is indeed racy, but we can live with some * inaccuracy in the watermark. */ if (new > READ_ONCE(c->watermark)) WRITE_ONCE(c->watermark, new); } } /** * page_counter_try_charge - try to hierarchically charge pages * @counter: counter * @nr_pages: number of pages to charge * @fail: points first counter to hit its limit, if any * * Returns %true on success, or %false and @fail if the counter or one * of its ancestors has hit its configured limit. */ bool page_counter_try_charge(struct page_counter *counter, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page_counter **fail) { struct page_counter *c; for (c = counter; c; c = c->parent) { long new; /* * Charge speculatively to avoid an expensive CAS. If * a bigger charge fails, it might falsely lock out a * racing smaller charge and send it into reclaim * early, but the error is limited to the difference * between the two sizes, which is less than 2M/4M in * case of a THP locking out a regular page charge. * * The atomic_long_add_return() implies a full memory * barrier between incrementing the count and reading * the limit. When racing with page_counter_set_max(), * we either see the new limit or the setter sees the * counter has changed and retries. */ new = atomic_long_add_return(nr_pages, &c->usage); if (new > c->max) { atomic_long_sub(nr_pages, &c->usage); propagate_protected_usage(c, new); /* * This is racy, but we can live with some * inaccuracy in the failcnt which is only used * to report stats. */ data_race(c->failcnt++); *fail = c; goto failed; } propagate_protected_usage(c, new); /* * Just like with failcnt, we can live with some * inaccuracy in the watermark. */ if (new > READ_ONCE(c->watermark)) WRITE_ONCE(c->watermark, new); } return true; failed: for (c = counter; c != *fail; c = c->parent) page_counter_cancel(c, nr_pages); return false; } /** * page_counter_uncharge - hierarchically uncharge pages * @counter: counter * @nr_pages: number of pages to uncharge */ void page_counter_uncharge(struct page_counter *counter, unsigned long nr_pages) { struct page_counter *c; for (c = counter; c; c = c->parent) page_counter_cancel(c, nr_pages); } /** * page_counter_set_max - set the maximum number of pages allowed * @counter: counter * @nr_pages: limit to set * * Returns 0 on success, -EBUSY if the current number of pages on the * counter already exceeds the specified limit. * * The caller must serialize invocations on the same counter. */ int page_counter_set_max(struct page_counter *counter, unsigned long nr_pages) { for (;;) { unsigned long old; long usage; /* * Update the limit while making sure that it's not * below the concurrently-changing counter value. * * The xchg implies two full memory barriers before * and after, so the read-swap-read is ordered and * ensures coherency with page_counter_try_charge(): * that function modifies the count before checking * the limit, so if it sees the old limit, we see the * modified counter and retry. */ usage = atomic_long_read(&counter->usage); if (usage > nr_pages) return -EBUSY; old = xchg(&counter->max, nr_pages); if (atomic_long_read(&counter->usage) <= usage) return 0; counter->max = old; cond_resched(); } } /** * page_counter_set_min - set the amount of protected memory * @counter: counter * @nr_pages: value to set * * The caller must serialize invocations on the same counter. */ void page_counter_set_min(struct page_counter *counter, unsigned long nr_pages) { struct page_counter *c; WRITE_ONCE(counter->min, nr_pages); for (c = counter; c; c = c->parent) propagate_protected_usage(c, atomic_long_read(&c->usage)); } /** * page_counter_set_low - set the amount of protected memory * @counter: counter * @nr_pages: value to set * * The caller must serialize invocations on the same counter. */ void page_counter_set_low(struct page_counter *counter, unsigned long nr_pages) { struct page_counter *c; WRITE_ONCE(counter->low, nr_pages); for (c = counter; c; c = c->parent) propagate_protected_usage(c, atomic_long_read(&c->usage)); } /** * page_counter_memparse - memparse() for page counter limits * @buf: string to parse * @max: string meaning maximum possible value * @nr_pages: returns the result in number of pages * * Returns -EINVAL, or 0 and @nr_pages on success. @nr_pages will be * limited to %PAGE_COUNTER_MAX. */ int page_counter_memparse(const char *buf, const char *max, unsigned long *nr_pages) { char *end; u64 bytes; if (!strcmp(buf, max)) { *nr_pages = PAGE_COUNTER_MAX; return 0; } bytes = memparse(buf, &end); if (*end != '\0') return -EINVAL; *nr_pages = min(bytes / PAGE_SIZE, (u64)PAGE_COUNTER_MAX); return 0; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * device.h - generic, centralized driver model * * Copyright (c) 2001-2003 Patrick Mochel <mochel@osdl.org> * Copyright (c) 2004-2009 Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de> * Copyright (c) 2008-2009 Novell Inc. * * See Documentation/driver-api/driver-model/ for more information. */ #ifndef _DEVICE_H_ #define _DEVICE_H_ #include <linux/dev_printk.h> #include <linux/energy_model.h> #include <linux/ioport.h> #include <linux/kobject.h> #include <linux/klist.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/pm.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/device/bus.h> #include <linux/device/class.h> #include <linux/device/driver.h> #include <asm/device.h> struct device; struct device_private; struct device_driver; struct driver_private; struct module; struct class; struct subsys_private; struct device_node; struct fwnode_handle; struct iommu_ops; struct iommu_group; struct dev_pin_info; struct dev_iommu; /** * struct subsys_interface - interfaces to device functions * @name: name of the device function * @subsys: subsytem of the devices to attach to * @node: the list of functions registered at the subsystem * @add_dev: device hookup to device function handler * @remove_dev: device hookup to device function handler * * Simple interfaces attached to a subsystem. Multiple interfaces can * attach to a subsystem and its devices. Unlike drivers, they do not * exclusively claim or control devices. Interfaces usually represent * a specific functionality of a subsystem/class of devices. */ struct subsys_interface { const char *name; struct bus_type *subsys; struct list_head node; int (*add_dev)(struct device *dev, struct subsys_interface *sif); void (*remove_dev)(struct device *dev, struct subsys_interface *sif); }; int subsys_interface_register(struct subsys_interface *sif); void subsys_interface_unregister(struct subsys_interface *sif); int subsys_system_register(struct bus_type *subsys, const struct attribute_group **groups); int subsys_virtual_register(struct bus_type *subsys, const struct attribute_group **groups); /* * The type of device, "struct device" is embedded in. A class * or bus can contain devices of different types * like "partitions" and "disks", "mouse" and "event". * This identifies the device type and carries type-specific * information, equivalent to the kobj_type of a kobject. * If "name" is specified, the uevent will contain it in * the DEVTYPE variable. */ struct device_type { const char *name; const struct attribute_group **groups; int (*uevent)(struct device *dev, struct kobj_uevent_env *env); char *(*devnode)(struct device *dev, umode_t *mode, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid); void (*release)(struct device *dev); const struct dev_pm_ops *pm; }; /* interface for exporting device attributes */ struct device_attribute { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t (*store)(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); }; struct dev_ext_attribute { struct device_attribute attr; void *var; }; ssize_t device_show_ulong(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t device_store_ulong(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); ssize_t device_show_int(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t device_store_int(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); ssize_t device_show_bool(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t device_store_bool(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); #define DEVICE_ATTR(_name, _mode, _show, _store) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR(_name, _mode, _show, _store) #define DEVICE_ATTR_PREALLOC(_name, _mode, _show, _store) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = \ __ATTR_PREALLOC(_name, _mode, _show, _store) #define DEVICE_ATTR_RW(_name) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RW(_name) #define DEVICE_ATTR_ADMIN_RW(_name) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RW_MODE(_name, 0600) #define DEVICE_ATTR_RO(_name) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RO(_name) #define DEVICE_ATTR_ADMIN_RO(_name) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RO_MODE(_name, 0400) #define DEVICE_ATTR_WO(_name) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = __ATTR_WO(_name) #define DEVICE_ULONG_ATTR(_name, _mode, _var) \ struct dev_ext_attribute dev_attr_##_name = \ { __ATTR(_name, _mode, device_show_ulong, device_store_ulong), &(_var) } #define DEVICE_INT_ATTR(_name, _mode, _var) \ struct dev_ext_attribute dev_attr_##_name = \ { __ATTR(_name, _mode, device_show_int, device_store_int), &(_var) } #define DEVICE_BOOL_ATTR(_name, _mode, _var) \ struct dev_ext_attribute dev_attr_##_name = \ { __ATTR(_name, _mode, device_show_bool, device_store_bool), &(_var) } #define DEVICE_ATTR_IGNORE_LOCKDEP(_name, _mode, _show, _store) \ struct device_attribute dev_attr_##_name = \ __ATTR_IGNORE_LOCKDEP(_name, _mode, _show, _store) int device_create_file(struct device *device, const struct device_attribute *entry); void device_remove_file(struct device *dev, const struct device_attribute *attr); bool device_remove_file_self(struct device *dev, const struct device_attribute *attr); int __must_check device_create_bin_file(struct device *dev, const struct bin_attribute *attr); void device_remove_bin_file(struct device *dev, const struct bin_attribute *attr); /* device resource management */ typedef void (*dr_release_t)(struct device *dev, void *res); typedef int (*dr_match_t)(struct device *dev, void *res, void *match_data); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_DEVRES void *__devres_alloc_node(dr_release_t release, size_t size, gfp_t gfp, int nid, const char *name) __malloc; #define devres_alloc(release, size, gfp) \ __devres_alloc_node(release, size, gfp, NUMA_NO_NODE, #release) #define devres_alloc_node(release, size, gfp, nid) \ __devres_alloc_node(release, size, gfp, nid, #release) #else void *devres_alloc_node(dr_release_t release, size_t size, gfp_t gfp, int nid) __malloc; static inline void *devres_alloc(dr_release_t release, size_t size, gfp_t gfp) { return devres_alloc_node(release, size, gfp, NUMA_NO_NODE); } #endif void devres_for_each_res(struct device *dev, dr_release_t release, dr_match_t match, void *match_data, void (*fn)(struct device *, void *, void *), void *data); void devres_free(void *res); void devres_add(struct device *dev, void *res); void *devres_find(struct device *dev, dr_release_t release, dr_match_t match, void *match_data); void *devres_get(struct device *dev, void *new_res, dr_match_t match, void *match_data); void *devres_remove(struct device *dev, dr_release_t release, dr_match_t match, void *match_data); int devres_destroy(struct device *dev, dr_release_t release, dr_match_t match, void *match_data); int devres_release(struct device *dev, dr_release_t release, dr_match_t match, void *match_data); /* devres group */ void * __must_check devres_open_group(struct device *dev, void *id, gfp_t gfp); void devres_close_group(struct device *dev, void *id); void devres_remove_group(struct device *dev, void *id); int devres_release_group(struct device *dev, void *id); /* managed devm_k.alloc/kfree for device drivers */ void *devm_kmalloc(struct device *dev, size_t size, gfp_t gfp) __malloc; void *devm_krealloc(struct device *dev, void *ptr, size_t size, gfp_t gfp) __must_check; __printf(3, 0) char *devm_kvasprintf(struct device *dev, gfp_t gfp, const char *fmt, va_list ap) __malloc; __printf(3, 4) char *devm_kasprintf(struct device *dev, gfp_t gfp, const char *fmt, ...) __malloc; static inline void *devm_kzalloc(struct device *dev, size_t size, gfp_t gfp) { return devm_kmalloc(dev, size, gfp | __GFP_ZERO); } static inline void *devm_kmalloc_array(struct device *dev, size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; return devm_kmalloc(dev, bytes, flags); } static inline void *devm_kcalloc(struct device *dev, size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return devm_kmalloc_array(dev, n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } void devm_kfree(struct device *dev, const void *p); char *devm_kstrdup(struct device *dev, const char *s, gfp_t gfp) __malloc; const char *devm_kstrdup_const(struct device *dev, const char *s, gfp_t gfp); void *devm_kmemdup(struct device *dev, const void *src, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); unsigned long devm_get_free_pages(struct device *dev, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order); void devm_free_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long addr); void __iomem *devm_ioremap_resource(struct device *dev, const struct resource *res); void __iomem *devm_ioremap_resource_wc(struct device *dev, const struct resource *res); void __iomem *devm_of_iomap(struct device *dev, struct device_node *node, int index, resource_size_t *size); /* allows to add/remove a custom action to devres stack */ int devm_add_action(struct device *dev, void (*action)(void *), void *data); void devm_remove_action(struct device *dev, void (*action)(void *), void *data); void devm_release_action(struct device *dev, void (*action)(void *), void *data); static inline int devm_add_action_or_reset(struct device *dev, void (*action)(void *), void *data) { int ret; ret = devm_add_action(dev, action, data); if (ret) action(data); return ret; } /** * devm_alloc_percpu - Resource-managed alloc_percpu * @dev: Device to allocate per-cpu memory for * @type: Type to allocate per-cpu memory for * * Managed alloc_percpu. Per-cpu memory allocated with this function is * automatically freed on driver detach. * * RETURNS: * Pointer to allocated memory on success, NULL on failure. */ #define devm_alloc_percpu(dev, type) \ ((typeof(type) __percpu *)__devm_alloc_percpu((dev), sizeof(type), \ __alignof__(type))) void __percpu *__devm_alloc_percpu(struct device *dev, size_t size, size_t align); void devm_free_percpu(struct device *dev, void __percpu *pdata); struct device_dma_parameters { /* * a low level driver may set these to teach IOMMU code about * sg limitations. */ unsigned int max_segment_size; unsigned int min_align_mask; unsigned long segment_boundary_mask; }; /** * enum device_link_state - Device link states. * @DL_STATE_NONE: The presence of the drivers is not being tracked. * @DL_STATE_DORMANT: None of the supplier/consumer drivers is present. * @DL_STATE_AVAILABLE: The supplier driver is present, but the consumer is not. * @DL_STATE_CONSUMER_PROBE: The consumer is probing (supplier driver present). * @DL_STATE_ACTIVE: Both the supplier and consumer drivers are present. * @DL_STATE_SUPPLIER_UNBIND: The supplier driver is unbinding. */ enum device_link_state { DL_STATE_NONE = -1, DL_STATE_DORMANT = 0, DL_STATE_AVAILABLE, DL_STATE_CONSUMER_PROBE, DL_STATE_ACTIVE, DL_STATE_SUPPLIER_UNBIND, }; /* * Device link flags. * * STATELESS: The core will not remove this link automatically. * AUTOREMOVE_CONSUMER: Remove the link automatically on consumer driver unbind. * PM_RUNTIME: If set, the runtime PM framework will use this link. * RPM_ACTIVE: Run pm_runtime_get_sync() on the supplier during link creation. * AUTOREMOVE_SUPPLIER: Remove the link automatically on supplier driver unbind. * AUTOPROBE_CONSUMER: Probe consumer driver automatically after supplier binds. * MANAGED: The core tracks presence of supplier/consumer drivers (internal). * SYNC_STATE_ONLY: Link only affects sync_state() behavior. */ #define DL_FLAG_STATELESS BIT(0) #define DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_CONSUMER BIT(1) #define DL_FLAG_PM_RUNTIME BIT(2) #define DL_FLAG_RPM_ACTIVE BIT(3) #define DL_FLAG_AUTOREMOVE_SUPPLIER BIT(4) #define DL_FLAG_AUTOPROBE_CONSUMER BIT(5) #define DL_FLAG_MANAGED BIT(6) #define DL_FLAG_SYNC_STATE_ONLY BIT(7) /** * enum dl_dev_state - Device driver presence tracking information. * @DL_DEV_NO_DRIVER: There is no driver attached to the device. * @DL_DEV_PROBING: A driver is probing. * @DL_DEV_DRIVER_BOUND: The driver has been bound to the device. * @DL_DEV_UNBINDING: The driver is unbinding from the device. */ enum dl_dev_state { DL_DEV_NO_DRIVER = 0, DL_DEV_PROBING, DL_DEV_DRIVER_BOUND, DL_DEV_UNBINDING, }; /** * struct dev_links_info - Device data related to device links. * @suppliers: List of links to supplier devices. * @consumers: List of links to consumer devices. * @needs_suppliers: Hook to global list of devices waiting for suppliers. * @defer_hook: Hook to global list of devices that have deferred sync_state or * deferred fw_devlink. * @need_for_probe: If needs_suppliers is on a list, this indicates if the * suppliers are needed for probe or not. * @status: Driver status information. */ struct dev_links_info { struct list_head suppliers; struct list_head consumers; struct list_head needs_suppliers; struct list_head defer_hook; bool need_for_probe; enum dl_dev_state status; }; /** * struct device - The basic device structure * @parent: The device's "parent" device, the device to which it is attached. * In most cases, a parent device is some sort of bus or host * controller. If parent is NULL, the device, is a top-level device, * which is not usually what you want. * @p: Holds the private data of the driver core portions of the device. * See the comment of the struct device_private for detail. * @kobj: A top-level, abstract class from which other classes are derived. * @init_name: Initial name of the device. * @type: The type of device. * This identifies the device type and carries type-specific * information. * @mutex: Mutex to synchronize calls to its driver. * @lockdep_mutex: An optional debug lock that a subsystem can use as a * peer lock to gain localized lockdep coverage of the device_lock. * @bus: Type of bus device is on. * @driver: Which driver has allocated this * @platform_data: Platform data specific to the device. * Example: For devices on custom boards, as typical of embedded * and SOC based hardware, Linux often uses platform_data to point * to board-specific structures describing devices and how they * are wired. That can include what ports are available, chip * variants, which GPIO pins act in what additional roles, and so * on. This shrinks the "Board Support Packages" (BSPs) and * minimizes board-specific #ifdefs in drivers. * @driver_data: Private pointer for driver specific info. * @links: Links to suppliers and consumers of this device. * @power: For device power management. * See Documentation/driver-api/pm/devices.rst for details. * @pm_domain: Provide callbacks that are executed during system suspend, * hibernation, system resume and during runtime PM transitions * along with subsystem-level and driver-level callbacks. * @em_pd: device's energy model performance domain * @pins: For device pin management. * See Documentation/driver-api/pinctl.rst for details. * @msi_list: Hosts MSI descriptors * @msi_domain: The generic MSI domain this device is using. * @numa_node: NUMA node this device is close to. * @dma_ops: DMA mapping operations for this device. * @dma_mask: Dma mask (if dma'ble device). * @coherent_dma_mask: Like dma_mask, but for alloc_coherent mapping as not all * hardware supports 64-bit addresses for consistent allocations * such descriptors. * @bus_dma_limit: Limit of an upstream bridge or bus which imposes a smaller * DMA limit than the device itself supports. * @dma_range_map: map for DMA memory ranges relative to that of RAM * @dma_parms: A low level driver may set these to teach IOMMU code about * segment limitations. * @dma_pools: Dma pools (if dma'ble device). * @dma_mem: Internal for coherent mem override. * @cma_area: Contiguous memory area for dma allocations * @archdata: For arch-specific additions. * @of_node: Associated device tree node. * @fwnode: Associated device node supplied by platform firmware. * @devt: For creating the sysfs "dev". * @id: device instance * @devres_lock: Spinlock to protect the resource of the device. * @devres_head: The resources list of the device. * @knode_class: The node used to add the device to the class list. * @class: The class of the device. * @groups: Optional attribute groups. * @release: Callback to free the device after all references have * gone away. This should be set by the allocator of the * device (i.e. the bus driver that discovered the device). * @iommu_group: IOMMU group the device belongs to. * @iommu: Per device generic IOMMU runtime data * * @offline_disabled: If set, the device is permanently online. * @offline: Set after successful invocation of bus type's .offline(). * @of_node_reused: Set if the device-tree node is shared with an ancestor * device. * @state_synced: The hardware state of this device has been synced to match * the software state of this device by calling the driver/bus * sync_state() callback. * @dma_coherent: this particular device is dma coherent, even if the * architecture supports non-coherent devices. * @dma_ops_bypass: If set to %true then the dma_ops are bypassed for the * streaming DMA operations (->map_* / ->unmap_* / ->sync_*), * and optionall (if the coherent mask is large enough) also * for dma allocations. This flag is managed by the dma ops * instance from ->dma_supported. * * At the lowest level, every device in a Linux system is represented by an * instance of struct device. The device structure contains the information * that the device model core needs to model the system. Most subsystems, * however, track additional information about the devices they host. As a * result, it is rare for devices to be represented by bare device structures; * instead, that structure, like kobject structures, is usually embedded within * a higher-level representation of the device. */ struct device { struct kobject kobj; struct device *parent; struct device_private *p; const char *init_name; /* initial name of the device */ const struct device_type *type; struct bus_type *bus; /* type of bus device is on */ struct device_driver *driver; /* which driver has allocated this device */ void *platform_data; /* Platform specific data, device core doesn't touch it */ void *driver_data; /* Driver data, set and get with dev_set_drvdata/dev_get_drvdata */ #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING struct mutex lockdep_mutex; #endif struct mutex mutex; /* mutex to synchronize calls to * its driver. */ struct dev_links_info links; struct dev_pm_info power; struct dev_pm_domain *pm_domain; #ifdef CONFIG_ENERGY_MODEL struct em_perf_domain *em_pd; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_MSI_IRQ_DOMAIN struct irq_domain *msi_domain; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PINCTRL struct dev_pin_info *pins; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_MSI_IRQ raw_spinlock_t msi_lock; struct list_head msi_list; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_OPS const struct dma_map_ops *dma_ops; #endif u64 *dma_mask; /* dma mask (if dma'able device) */ u64 coherent_dma_mask;/* Like dma_mask, but for alloc_coherent mappings as not all hardware supports 64 bit addresses for consistent allocations such descriptors. */ u64 bus_dma_limit; /* upstream dma constraint */ const struct bus_dma_region *dma_range_map; struct device_dma_parameters *dma_parms; struct list_head dma_pools; /* dma pools (if dma'ble) */ #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_DECLARE_COHERENT struct dma_coherent_mem *dma_mem; /* internal for coherent mem override */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_CMA struct cma *cma_area; /* contiguous memory area for dma allocations */ #endif /* arch specific additions */ struct dev_archdata archdata; struct device_node *of_node; /* associated device tree node */ struct fwnode_handle *fwnode; /* firmware device node */ #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA int numa_node; /* NUMA node this device is close to */ #endif dev_t devt; /* dev_t, creates the sysfs "dev" */ u32 id; /* device instance */ spinlock_t devres_lock; struct list_head devres_head; struct class *class; const struct attribute_group **groups; /* optional groups */ void (*release)(struct device *dev); struct iommu_group *iommu_group; struct dev_iommu *iommu; bool offline_disabled:1; bool offline:1; bool of_node_reused:1; bool state_synced:1; #if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_DEVICE) || \ defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU) || \ defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SYNC_DMA_FOR_CPU_ALL) bool dma_coherent:1; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DMA_OPS_BYPASS bool dma_ops_bypass : 1; #endif }; /** * struct device_link - Device link representation. * @supplier: The device on the supplier end of the link. * @s_node: Hook to the supplier device's list of links to consumers. * @consumer: The device on the consumer end of the link. * @c_node: Hook to the consumer device's list of links to suppliers. * @link_dev: device used to expose link details in sysfs * @status: The state of the link (with respect to the presence of drivers). * @flags: Link flags. * @rpm_active: Whether or not the consumer device is runtime-PM-active. * @kref: Count repeated addition of the same link. * @rm_work: Work structure used for removing the link. * @supplier_preactivated: Supplier has been made active before consumer probe. */ struct device_link { struct device *supplier; struct list_head s_node; struct device *consumer; struct list_head c_node; struct device link_dev; enum device_link_state status; u32 flags; refcount_t rpm_active; struct kref kref; struct work_struct rm_work; bool supplier_preactivated; /* Owned by consumer probe. */ }; static inline struct device *kobj_to_dev(struct kobject *kobj) { return container_of(kobj, struct device, kobj); } /** * device_iommu_mapped - Returns true when the device DMA is translated * by an IOMMU * @dev: Device to perform the check on */ static inline bool device_iommu_mapped(struct device *dev) { return (dev->iommu_group != NULL); } /* Get the wakeup routines, which depend on struct device */ #include <linux/pm_wakeup.h> static inline const char *dev_name(const struct device *dev) { /* Use the init name until the kobject becomes available */ if (dev->init_name) return dev->init_name; return kobject_name(&dev->kobj); } /** * dev_bus_name - Return a device's bus/class name, if at all possible * @dev: struct device to get the bus/class name of * * Will return the name of the bus/class the device is attached to. If it is * not attached to a bus/class, an empty string will be returned. */ static inline const char *dev_bus_name(const struct device *dev) { return dev->bus ? dev->bus->name : (dev->class ? dev->class->name : ""); } __printf(2, 3) int dev_set_name(struct device *dev, const char *name, ...); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA static inline int dev_to_node(struct device *dev) { return dev->numa_node; } static inline void set_dev_node(struct device *dev, int node) { dev->numa_node = node; } #else static inline int dev_to_node(struct device *dev) { return NUMA_NO_NODE; } static inline void set_dev_node(struct device *dev, int node) { } #endif static inline struct irq_domain *dev_get_msi_domain(const struct device *dev) { #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_MSI_IRQ_DOMAIN return dev->msi_domain; #else return NULL; #endif } static inline void dev_set_msi_domain(struct device *dev, struct irq_domain *d) { #ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_MSI_IRQ_DOMAIN dev->msi_domain = d; #endif } static inline void *dev_get_drvdata(const struct device *dev) { return dev->driver_data; } static inline void dev_set_drvdata(struct device *dev, void *data) { dev->driver_data = data; } static inline struct pm_subsys_data *dev_to_psd(struct device *dev) { return dev ? dev->power.subsys_data : NULL; } static inline unsigned int dev_get_uevent_suppress(const struct device *dev) { return dev->kobj.uevent_suppress; } static inline void dev_set_uevent_suppress(struct device *dev, int val) { dev->kobj.uevent_suppress = val; } static inline int device_is_registered(struct device *dev) { return dev->kobj.state_in_sysfs; } static inline void device_enable_async_suspend(struct device *dev) { if (!dev->power.is_prepared) dev->power.async_suspend = true; } static inline void device_disable_async_suspend(struct device *dev) { if (!dev->power.is_prepared) dev->power.async_suspend = false; } static inline bool device_async_suspend_enabled(struct device *dev) { return !!dev->power.async_suspend; } static inline bool device_pm_not_required(struct device *dev) { return dev->power.no_pm; } static inline void device_set_pm_not_required(struct device *dev) { dev->power.no_pm = true; } static inline void dev_pm_syscore_device(struct device *dev, bool val) { #ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP dev->power.syscore = val; #endif } static inline void dev_pm_set_driver_flags(struct device *dev, u32 flags) { dev->power.driver_flags = flags; } static inline bool dev_pm_test_driver_flags(struct device *dev, u32 flags) { return !!(dev->power.driver_flags & flags); } static inline void device_lock(struct device *dev) { mutex_lock(&dev->mutex); } static inline int device_lock_interruptible(struct device *dev) { return mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev->mutex); } static inline int device_trylock(struct device *dev) { return mutex_trylock(&dev->mutex); } static inline void device_unlock(struct device *dev) { mutex_unlock(&dev->mutex); } static inline void device_lock_assert(struct device *dev) { lockdep_assert_held(&dev->mutex); } static inline struct device_node *dev_of_node(struct device *dev) { if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_OF) || !dev) return NULL; return dev->of_node; } static inline bool dev_has_sync_state(struct device *dev) { if (!dev) return false; if (dev->driver && dev->driver->sync_state) return true; if (dev->bus && dev->bus->sync_state) return true; return false; } /* * High level routines for use by the bus drivers */ int __must_check device_register(struct device *dev); void device_unregister(struct device *dev); void device_initialize(struct device *dev); int __must_check device_add(struct device *dev); void device_del(struct device *dev); int device_for_each_child(struct device *dev, void *data, int (*fn)(struct device *dev, void *data)); int device_for_each_child_reverse(struct device *dev, void *data, int (*fn)(struct device *dev, void *data)); struct device *device_find_child(struct device *dev, void *data, int (*match)(struct device *dev, void *data)); struct device *device_find_child_by_name(struct device *parent, const char *name); int device_rename(struct device *dev, const char *new_name); int device_move(struct device *dev, struct device *new_parent, enum dpm_order dpm_order); int device_change_owner(struct device *dev, kuid_t kuid, kgid_t kgid); const char *device_get_devnode(struct device *dev, umode_t *mode, kuid_t *uid, kgid_t *gid, const char **tmp); int device_is_dependent(struct device *dev, void *target); static inline bool device_supports_offline(struct device *dev) { return dev->bus && dev->bus->offline && dev->bus->online; } void lock_device_hotplug(void); void unlock_device_hotplug(void); int lock_device_hotplug_sysfs(void); int device_offline(struct device *dev); int device_online(struct device *dev); void set_primary_fwnode(struct device *dev, struct fwnode_handle *fwnode); void set_secondary_fwnode(struct device *dev, struct fwnode_handle *fwnode); void device_set_of_node_from_dev(struct device *dev, const struct device *dev2); static inline int dev_num_vf(struct device *dev) { if (dev->bus && dev->bus->num_vf) return dev->bus->num_vf(dev); return 0; } /* * Root device objects for grouping under /sys/devices */ struct device *__root_device_register(const char *name, struct module *owner); /* This is a macro to avoid include problems with THIS_MODULE */ #define root_device_register(name) \ __root_device_register(name, THIS_MODULE) void root_device_unregister(struct device *root); static inline void *dev_get_platdata(const struct device *dev) { return dev->platform_data; } /* * Manual binding of a device to driver. See drivers/base/bus.c * for information on use. */ int __must_check device_bind_driver(struct device *dev); void device_release_driver(struct device *dev); int __must_check device_attach(struct device *dev); int __must_check driver_attach(struct device_driver *drv); void device_initial_probe(struct device *dev); int __must_check device_reprobe(struct device *dev); bool device_is_bound(struct device *dev); /* * Easy functions for dynamically creating devices on the fly */ __printf(5, 6) struct device * device_create(struct class *cls, struct device *parent, dev_t devt, void *drvdata, const char *fmt, ...); __printf(6, 7) struct device * device_create_with_groups(struct class *cls, struct device *parent, dev_t devt, void *drvdata, const struct attribute_group **groups, const char *fmt, ...); void device_destroy(struct class *cls, dev_t devt); int __must_check device_add_groups(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group **groups); void device_remove_groups(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group **groups); static inline int __must_check device_add_group(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group *grp) { const struct attribute_group *groups[] = { grp, NULL }; return device_add_groups(dev, groups); } static inline void device_remove_group(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group *grp) { const struct attribute_group *groups[] = { grp, NULL }; return device_remove_groups(dev, groups); } int __must_check devm_device_add_groups(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group **groups); void devm_device_remove_groups(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group **groups); int __must_check devm_device_add_group(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group *grp); void devm_device_remove_group(struct device *dev, const struct attribute_group *grp); /* * Platform "fixup" functions - allow the platform to have their say * about devices and actions that the general device layer doesn't * know about. */ /* Notify platform of device discovery */ extern int (*platform_notify)(struct device *dev); extern int (*platform_notify_remove)(struct device *dev); /* * get_device - atomically increment the reference count for the device. * */ struct device *get_device(struct device *dev); void put_device(struct device *dev); bool kill_device(struct device *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_DEVTMPFS int devtmpfs_mount(void); #else static inline int devtmpfs_mount(void) { return 0; } #endif /* drivers/base/power/shutdown.c */ void device_shutdown(void); /* debugging and troubleshooting/diagnostic helpers. */ const char *dev_driver_string(const struct device *dev); /* Device links interface. */ struct device_link *device_link_add(struct device *consumer, struct device *supplier, u32 flags); void device_link_del(struct device_link *link); void device_link_remove(void *consumer, struct device *supplier); void device_links_supplier_sync_state_pause(void); void device_links_supplier_sync_state_resume(void); extern __printf(3, 4) int dev_err_probe(const struct device *dev, int err, const char *fmt, ...); /* Create alias, so I can be autoloaded. */ #define MODULE_ALIAS_CHARDEV(major,minor) \ MODULE_ALIAS("char-major-" __stringify(major) "-" __stringify(minor)) #define MODULE_ALIAS_CHARDEV_MAJOR(major) \ MODULE_ALIAS("char-major-" __stringify(major) "-*") #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS_DEPRECATED extern long sysfs_deprecated; #else #define sysfs_deprecated 0 #endif #endif /* _DEVICE_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_HWEIGHT_H #define _ASM_X86_HWEIGHT_H #include <asm/cpufeatures.h> #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT #define REG_IN "D" #define REG_OUT "a" #else #define REG_IN "a" #define REG_OUT "a" #endif static __always_inline unsigned int __arch_hweight32(unsigned int w) { unsigned int res; asm (ALTERNATIVE("call __sw_hweight32", "popcntl %1, %0", X86_FEATURE_POPCNT) : "="REG_OUT (res) : REG_IN (w)); return res; } static inline unsigned int __arch_hweight16(unsigned int w) { return __arch_hweight32(w & 0xffff); } static inline unsigned int __arch_hweight8(unsigned int w) { return __arch_hweight32(w & 0xff); } #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 static inline unsigned long __arch_hweight64(__u64 w) { return __arch_hweight32((u32)w) + __arch_hweight32((u32)(w >> 32)); } #else static __always_inline unsigned long __arch_hweight64(__u64 w) { unsigned long res; asm (ALTERNATIVE("call __sw_hweight64", "popcntq %1, %0", X86_FEATURE_POPCNT) : "="REG_OUT (res) : REG_IN (w)); return res; } #endif /* CONFIG_X86_32 */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Routines to manage notifier chains for passing status changes to any * interested routines. We need this instead of hard coded call lists so * that modules can poke their nose into the innards. The network devices * needed them so here they are for the rest of you. * * Alan Cox <Alan.Cox@linux.org> */ #ifndef _LINUX_NOTIFIER_H #define _LINUX_NOTIFIER_H #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/srcu.h> /* * Notifier chains are of four types: * * Atomic notifier chains: Chain callbacks run in interrupt/atomic * context. Callouts are not allowed to block. * Blocking notifier chains: Chain callbacks run in process context. * Callouts are allowed to block. * Raw notifier chains: There are no restrictions on callbacks, * registration, or unregistration. All locking and protection * must be provided by the caller. * SRCU notifier chains: A variant of blocking notifier chains, with * the same restrictions. * * atomic_notifier_chain_register() may be called from an atomic context, * but blocking_notifier_chain_register() and srcu_notifier_chain_register() * must be called from a process context. Ditto for the corresponding * _unregister() routines. * * atomic_notifier_chain_unregister(), blocking_notifier_chain_unregister(), * and srcu_notifier_chain_unregister() _must not_ be called from within * the call chain. * * SRCU notifier chains are an alternative form of blocking notifier chains. * They use SRCU (Sleepable Read-Copy Update) instead of rw-semaphores for * protection of the chain links. This means there is _very_ low overhead * in srcu_notifier_call_chain(): no cache bounces and no memory barriers. * As compensation, srcu_notifier_chain_unregister() is rather expensive. * SRCU notifier chains should be used when the chain will be called very * often but notifier_blocks will seldom be removed. */ struct notifier_block; typedef int (*notifier_fn_t)(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long action, void *data); struct notifier_block { notifier_fn_t notifier_call; struct notifier_block __rcu *next; int priority; }; struct atomic_notifier_head { spinlock_t lock; struct notifier_block __rcu *head; }; struct blocking_notifier_head { struct rw_semaphore rwsem; struct notifier_block __rcu *head; }; struct raw_notifier_head { struct notifier_block __rcu *head; }; struct srcu_notifier_head { struct mutex mutex; struct srcu_struct srcu; struct notifier_block __rcu *head; }; #define ATOMIC_INIT_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) do { \ spin_lock_init(&(name)->lock); \ (name)->head = NULL; \ } while (0) #define BLOCKING_INIT_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) do { \ init_rwsem(&(name)->rwsem); \ (name)->head = NULL; \ } while (0) #define RAW_INIT_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) do { \ (name)->head = NULL; \ } while (0) /* srcu_notifier_heads must be cleaned up dynamically */ extern void srcu_init_notifier_head(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh); #define srcu_cleanup_notifier_head(name) \ cleanup_srcu_struct(&(name)->srcu); #define ATOMIC_NOTIFIER_INIT(name) { \ .lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(name.lock), \ .head = NULL } #define BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_INIT(name) { \ .rwsem = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER((name).rwsem), \ .head = NULL } #define RAW_NOTIFIER_INIT(name) { \ .head = NULL } #define SRCU_NOTIFIER_INIT(name, pcpu) \ { \ .mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(name.mutex), \ .head = NULL, \ .srcu = __SRCU_STRUCT_INIT(name.srcu, pcpu), \ } #define ATOMIC_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) \ struct atomic_notifier_head name = \ ATOMIC_NOTIFIER_INIT(name) #define BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) \ struct blocking_notifier_head name = \ BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_INIT(name) #define RAW_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) \ struct raw_notifier_head name = \ RAW_NOTIFIER_INIT(name) #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_SRCU #define _SRCU_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name, mod) \ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct srcu_data, name##_head_srcu_data); \ mod struct srcu_notifier_head name = \ SRCU_NOTIFIER_INIT(name, name##_head_srcu_data) #else #define _SRCU_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name, mod) \ mod struct srcu_notifier_head name = \ SRCU_NOTIFIER_INIT(name, name) #endif #define SRCU_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) \ _SRCU_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name, /* not static */) #define SRCU_NOTIFIER_HEAD_STATIC(name) \ _SRCU_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name, static) #ifdef __KERNEL__ extern int atomic_notifier_chain_register(struct atomic_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *nb); extern int blocking_notifier_chain_register(struct blocking_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *nb); extern int raw_notifier_chain_register(struct raw_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *nb); extern int srcu_notifier_chain_register(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *nb); extern int atomic_notifier_chain_unregister(struct atomic_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *nb); extern int blocking_notifier_chain_unregister(struct blocking_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *nb); extern int raw_notifier_chain_unregister(struct raw_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *nb); extern int srcu_notifier_chain_unregister(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh, struct notifier_block *nb); extern int atomic_notifier_call_chain(struct atomic_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val, void *v); extern int blocking_notifier_call_chain(struct blocking_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val, void *v); extern int raw_notifier_call_chain(struct raw_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val, void *v); extern int srcu_notifier_call_chain(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val, void *v); extern int atomic_notifier_call_chain_robust(struct atomic_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val_up, unsigned long val_down, void *v); extern int blocking_notifier_call_chain_robust(struct blocking_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val_up, unsigned long val_down, void *v); extern int raw_notifier_call_chain_robust(struct raw_notifier_head *nh, unsigned long val_up, unsigned long val_down, void *v); #define NOTIFY_DONE 0x0000 /* Don't care */ #define NOTIFY_OK 0x0001 /* Suits me */ #define NOTIFY_STOP_MASK 0x8000 /* Don't call further */ #define NOTIFY_BAD (NOTIFY_STOP_MASK|0x0002) /* Bad/Veto action */ /* * Clean way to return from the notifier and stop further calls. */ #define NOTIFY_STOP (NOTIFY_OK|NOTIFY_STOP_MASK) /* Encapsulate (negative) errno value (in particular, NOTIFY_BAD <=> EPERM). */ static inline int notifier_from_errno(int err) { if (err) return NOTIFY_STOP_MASK | (NOTIFY_OK - err); return NOTIFY_OK; } /* Restore (negative) errno value from notify return value. */ static inline int notifier_to_errno(int ret) { ret &= ~NOTIFY_STOP_MASK; return ret > NOTIFY_OK ? NOTIFY_OK - ret : 0; } /* * Declared notifiers so far. I can imagine quite a few more chains * over time (eg laptop power reset chains, reboot chain (to clean * device units up), device [un]mount chain, module load/unload chain, * low memory chain, screenblank chain (for plug in modular screenblankers) * VC switch chains (for loadable kernel svgalib VC switch helpers) etc... */ /* CPU notfiers are defined in include/linux/cpu.h. */ /* netdevice notifiers are defined in include/linux/netdevice.h */ /* reboot notifiers are defined in include/linux/reboot.h. */ /* Hibernation and suspend events are defined in include/linux/suspend.h. */ /* Virtual Terminal events are defined in include/linux/vt.h. */ #define NETLINK_URELEASE 0x0001 /* Unicast netlink socket released */ /* Console keyboard events. * Note: KBD_KEYCODE is always sent before KBD_UNBOUND_KEYCODE, KBD_UNICODE and * KBD_KEYSYM. */ #define KBD_KEYCODE 0x0001 /* Keyboard keycode, called before any other */ #define KBD_UNBOUND_KEYCODE 0x0002 /* Keyboard keycode which is not bound to any other */ #define KBD_UNICODE 0x0003 /* Keyboard unicode */ #define KBD_KEYSYM 0x0004 /* Keyboard keysym */ #define KBD_POST_KEYSYM 0x0005 /* Called after keyboard keysym interpretation */ extern struct blocking_notifier_head reboot_notifier_list; #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_NOTIFIER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM sched #if !defined(_TRACE_SCHED_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_SCHED_H #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/binfmts.h> /* * Tracepoint for calling kthread_stop, performed to end a kthread: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_kthread_stop, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *t), TP_ARGS(t), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, t->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = t->pid; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid) ); /* * Tracepoint for the return value of the kthread stopping: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_kthread_stop_ret, TP_PROTO(int ret), TP_ARGS(ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, ret ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("ret=%d", __entry->ret) ); /* * Tracepoint for waking up a task: */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(sched_wakeup_template, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(__perf_task(p)), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( int, prio ) __field( int, success ) __field( int, target_cpu ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, p->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = p->pid; __entry->prio = p->prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE */ __entry->success = 1; /* rudiment, kill when possible */ __entry->target_cpu = task_cpu(p); ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d prio=%d target_cpu=%03d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, __entry->prio, __entry->target_cpu) ); /* * Tracepoint called when waking a task; this tracepoint is guaranteed to be * called from the waking context. */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_wakeup_template, sched_waking, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); /* * Tracepoint called when the task is actually woken; p->state == TASK_RUNNNG. * It is not always called from the waking context. */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_wakeup_template, sched_wakeup, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); /* * Tracepoint for waking up a new task: */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_wakeup_template, sched_wakeup_new, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); #ifdef CREATE_TRACE_POINTS static inline long __trace_sched_switch_state(bool preempt, struct task_struct *p) { unsigned int state; #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG BUG_ON(p != current); #endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG */ /* * Preemption ignores task state, therefore preempted tasks are always * RUNNING (we will not have dequeued if state != RUNNING). */ if (preempt) return TASK_REPORT_MAX; /* * task_state_index() uses fls() and returns a value from 0-8 range. * Decrement it by 1 (except TASK_RUNNING state i.e 0) before using * it for left shift operation to get the correct task->state * mapping. */ state = task_state_index(p); return state ? (1 << (state - 1)) : state; } #endif /* CREATE_TRACE_POINTS */ /* * Tracepoint for task switches, performed by the scheduler: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_switch, TP_PROTO(bool preempt, struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next), TP_ARGS(preempt, prev, next), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, prev_comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, prev_pid ) __field( int, prev_prio ) __field( long, prev_state ) __array( char, next_comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, next_pid ) __field( int, next_prio ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->next_comm, next->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->prev_pid = prev->pid; __entry->prev_prio = prev->prio; __entry->prev_state = __trace_sched_switch_state(preempt, prev); memcpy(__entry->prev_comm, prev->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->next_pid = next->pid; __entry->next_prio = next->prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE */ ), TP_printk("prev_comm=%s prev_pid=%d prev_prio=%d prev_state=%s%s ==> next_comm=%s next_pid=%d next_prio=%d", __entry->prev_comm, __entry->prev_pid, __entry->prev_prio, (__entry->prev_state & (TASK_REPORT_MAX - 1)) ? __print_flags(__entry->prev_state & (TASK_REPORT_MAX - 1), "|", { TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, "S" }, { TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, "D" }, { __TASK_STOPPED, "T" }, { __TASK_TRACED, "t" }, { EXIT_DEAD, "X" }, { EXIT_ZOMBIE, "Z" }, { TASK_PARKED, "P" }, { TASK_DEAD, "I" }) : "R", __entry->prev_state & TASK_REPORT_MAX ? "+" : "", __entry->next_comm, __entry->next_pid, __entry->next_prio) ); /* * Tracepoint for a task being migrated: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_migrate_task, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p, int dest_cpu), TP_ARGS(p, dest_cpu), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( int, prio ) __field( int, orig_cpu ) __field( int, dest_cpu ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, p->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = p->pid; __entry->prio = p->prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE */ __entry->orig_cpu = task_cpu(p); __entry->dest_cpu = dest_cpu; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d prio=%d orig_cpu=%d dest_cpu=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, __entry->prio, __entry->orig_cpu, __entry->dest_cpu) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(sched_process_template, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( int, prio ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, p->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = p->pid; __entry->prio = p->prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE */ ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d prio=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, __entry->prio) ); /* * Tracepoint for freeing a task: */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_process_template, sched_process_free, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); /* * Tracepoint for a task exiting: */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_process_template, sched_process_exit, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); /* * Tracepoint for waiting on task to unschedule: */ DEFINE_EVENT(sched_process_template, sched_wait_task, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p), TP_ARGS(p)); /* * Tracepoint for a waiting task: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_process_wait, TP_PROTO(struct pid *pid), TP_ARGS(pid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( int, prio ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, current->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = pid_nr(pid); __entry->prio = current->prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE */ ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d prio=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, __entry->prio) ); /* * Tracepoint for do_fork: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_process_fork, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *parent, struct task_struct *child), TP_ARGS(parent, child), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, parent_comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, parent_pid ) __array( char, child_comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, child_pid ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->parent_comm, parent->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->parent_pid = parent->pid; memcpy(__entry->child_comm, child->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->child_pid = child->pid; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d child_comm=%s child_pid=%d", __entry->parent_comm, __entry->parent_pid, __entry->child_comm, __entry->child_pid) ); /* * Tracepoint for exec: */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_process_exec, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *p, pid_t old_pid, struct linux_binprm *bprm), TP_ARGS(p, old_pid, bprm), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( filename, bprm->filename ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( pid_t, old_pid ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(filename, bprm->filename); __entry->pid = p->pid; __entry->old_pid = old_pid; ), TP_printk("filename=%s pid=%d old_pid=%d", __get_str(filename), __entry->pid, __entry->old_pid) ); #ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS #define DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT DEFINE_EVENT #define DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS_SCHEDSTAT DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS #else #define DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT DEFINE_EVENT_NOP #define DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS_SCHEDSTAT DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS_NOP #endif /* * XXX the below sched_stat tracepoints only apply to SCHED_OTHER/BATCH/IDLE * adding sched_stat support to SCHED_FIFO/RR would be welcome. */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS_SCHEDSTAT(sched_stat_template, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 delay), TP_ARGS(__perf_task(tsk), __perf_count(delay)), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( u64, delay ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, tsk->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = tsk->pid; __entry->delay = delay; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d delay=%Lu [ns]", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, (unsigned long long)__entry->delay) ); /* * Tracepoint for accounting wait time (time the task is runnable * but not actually running due to scheduler contention). */ DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT(sched_stat_template, sched_stat_wait, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 delay), TP_ARGS(tsk, delay)); /* * Tracepoint for accounting sleep time (time the task is not runnable, * including iowait, see below). */ DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT(sched_stat_template, sched_stat_sleep, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 delay), TP_ARGS(tsk, delay)); /* * Tracepoint for accounting iowait time (time the task is not runnable * due to waiting on IO to complete). */ DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT(sched_stat_template, sched_stat_iowait, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 delay), TP_ARGS(tsk, delay)); /* * Tracepoint for accounting blocked time (time the task is in uninterruptible). */ DEFINE_EVENT_SCHEDSTAT(sched_stat_template, sched_stat_blocked, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 delay), TP_ARGS(tsk, delay)); /* * Tracepoint for accounting runtime (time the task is executing * on a CPU). */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(sched_stat_runtime, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 runtime, u64 vruntime), TP_ARGS(tsk, __perf_count(runtime), vruntime), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( u64, runtime ) __field( u64, vruntime ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, tsk->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = tsk->pid; __entry->runtime = runtime; __entry->vruntime = vruntime; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d runtime=%Lu [ns] vruntime=%Lu [ns]", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, (unsigned long long)__entry->runtime, (unsigned long long)__entry->vruntime) ); DEFINE_EVENT(sched_stat_runtime, sched_stat_runtime, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 runtime, u64 vruntime), TP_ARGS(tsk, runtime, vruntime)); /* * Tracepoint for showing priority inheritance modifying a tasks * priority. */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_pi_setprio, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, struct task_struct *pi_task), TP_ARGS(tsk, pi_task), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( int, oldprio ) __field( int, newprio ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, tsk->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = tsk->pid; __entry->oldprio = tsk->prio; __entry->newprio = pi_task ? min(tsk->normal_prio, pi_task->prio) : tsk->normal_prio; /* XXX SCHED_DEADLINE bits missing */ ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d oldprio=%d newprio=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid, __entry->oldprio, __entry->newprio) ); #ifdef CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK TRACE_EVENT(sched_process_hang, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk), TP_ARGS(tsk), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, pid ) ), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->comm, tsk->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->pid = tsk->pid; ), TP_printk("comm=%s pid=%d", __entry->comm, __entry->pid) ); #endif /* CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK */ /* * Tracks migration of tasks from one runqueue to another. Can be used to * detect if automatic NUMA balancing is bouncing between nodes. */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_move_numa, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *tsk, int src_cpu, int dst_cpu), TP_ARGS(tsk, src_cpu, dst_cpu), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( pid_t, pid ) __field( pid_t, tgid ) __field( pid_t, ngid ) __field( int, src_cpu ) __field( int, src_nid ) __field( int, dst_cpu ) __field( int, dst_nid ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pid = task_pid_nr(tsk); __entry->tgid = task_tgid_nr(tsk); __entry->ngid = task_numa_group_id(tsk); __entry->src_cpu = src_cpu; __entry->src_nid = cpu_to_node(src_cpu); __entry->dst_cpu = dst_cpu; __entry->dst_nid = cpu_to_node(dst_cpu); ), TP_printk("pid=%d tgid=%d ngid=%d src_cpu=%d src_nid=%d dst_cpu=%d dst_nid=%d", __entry->pid, __entry->tgid, __entry->ngid, __entry->src_cpu, __entry->src_nid, __entry->dst_cpu, __entry->dst_nid) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(sched_numa_pair_template, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *src_tsk, int src_cpu, struct task_struct *dst_tsk, int dst_cpu), TP_ARGS(src_tsk, src_cpu, dst_tsk, dst_cpu), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( pid_t, src_pid ) __field( pid_t, src_tgid ) __field( pid_t, src_ngid ) __field( int, src_cpu ) __field( int, src_nid ) __field( pid_t, dst_pid ) __field( pid_t, dst_tgid ) __field( pid_t, dst_ngid ) __field( int, dst_cpu ) __field( int, dst_nid ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->src_pid = task_pid_nr(src_tsk); __entry->src_tgid = task_tgid_nr(src_tsk); __entry->src_ngid = task_numa_group_id(src_tsk); __entry->src_cpu = src_cpu; __entry->src_nid = cpu_to_node(src_cpu); __entry->dst_pid = dst_tsk ? task_pid_nr(dst_tsk) : 0; __entry->dst_tgid = dst_tsk ? task_tgid_nr(dst_tsk) : 0; __entry->dst_ngid = dst_tsk ? task_numa_group_id(dst_tsk) : 0; __entry->dst_cpu = dst_cpu; __entry->dst_nid = dst_cpu >= 0 ? cpu_to_node(dst_cpu) : -1; ), TP_printk("src_pid=%d src_tgid=%d src_ngid=%d src_cpu=%d src_nid=%d dst_pid=%d dst_tgid=%d dst_ngid=%d dst_cpu=%d dst_nid=%d", __entry->src_pid, __entry->src_tgid, __entry->src_ngid, __entry->src_cpu, __entry->src_nid, __entry->dst_pid, __entry->dst_tgid, __entry->dst_ngid, __entry->dst_cpu, __entry->dst_nid) ); DEFINE_EVENT(sched_numa_pair_template, sched_stick_numa, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *src_tsk, int src_cpu, struct task_struct *dst_tsk, int dst_cpu), TP_ARGS(src_tsk, src_cpu, dst_tsk, dst_cpu) ); DEFINE_EVENT(sched_numa_pair_template, sched_swap_numa, TP_PROTO(struct task_struct *src_tsk, int src_cpu, struct task_struct *dst_tsk, int dst_cpu), TP_ARGS(src_tsk, src_cpu, dst_tsk, dst_cpu) ); /* * Tracepoint for waking a polling cpu without an IPI. */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_wake_idle_without_ipi, TP_PROTO(int cpu), TP_ARGS(cpu), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, cpu ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->cpu = cpu; ), TP_printk("cpu=%d", __entry->cpu) ); /* * Following tracepoints are not exported in tracefs and provide hooking * mechanisms only for testing and debugging purposes. * * Postfixed with _tp to make them easily identifiable in the code. */ DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_cfs_tp, TP_PROTO(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq), TP_ARGS(cfs_rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_rt_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq), TP_ARGS(rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_dl_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq), TP_ARGS(rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_thermal_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq), TP_ARGS(rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_irq_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq), TP_ARGS(rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_se_tp, TP_PROTO(struct sched_entity *se), TP_ARGS(se)); DECLARE_TRACE(sched_cpu_capacity_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq), TP_ARGS(rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(sched_overutilized_tp, TP_PROTO(struct root_domain *rd, bool overutilized), TP_ARGS(rd, overutilized)); DECLARE_TRACE(sched_util_est_cfs_tp, TP_PROTO(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq), TP_ARGS(cfs_rq)); DECLARE_TRACE(sched_util_est_se_tp, TP_PROTO(struct sched_entity *se), TP_ARGS(se)); DECLARE_TRACE(sched_update_nr_running_tp, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq, int change), TP_ARGS(rq, change)); #endif /* _TRACE_SCHED_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * This file provides wrappers with sanitizer instrumentation for non-atomic * bit operations. * * To use this functionality, an arch's bitops.h file needs to define each of * the below bit operations with an arch_ prefix (e.g. arch_set_bit(), * arch___set_bit(), etc.). */ #ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H #define _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H #include <linux/instrumented.h> /** * __set_bit - Set a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to set * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike set_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___set_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __clear_bit - Clears a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to clear * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike clear_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___clear_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __change_bit - Toggle a bit in memory * @nr: the bit to change * @addr: the address to start counting from * * Unlike change_bit(), this function is non-atomic. If it is called on the same * region of memory concurrently, the effect may be that only one operation * succeeds. */ static inline void __change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); arch___change_bit(nr, addr); } static inline void __instrument_read_write_bitop(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KCSAN_ASSUME_PLAIN_WRITES_ATOMIC)) { /* * We treat non-atomic read-write bitops a little more special. * Given the operations here only modify a single bit, assuming * non-atomicity of the writer is sufficient may be reasonable * for certain usage (and follows the permissible nature of the * assume-plain-writes-atomic rule): * 1. report read-modify-write races -> check read; * 2. do not report races with marked readers, but do report * races with unmarked readers -> check "atomic" write. */ kcsan_check_read(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); /* * Use generic write instrumentation, in case other sanitizers * or tools are enabled alongside KCSAN. */ instrument_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); } else { instrument_read_write(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); } } /** * __test_and_set_bit - Set a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to set * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_set_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __test_and_clear_bit - Clear a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to clear * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_clear_bit(nr, addr); } /** * __test_and_change_bit - Change a bit and return its old value * @nr: Bit to change * @addr: Address to count from * * This operation is non-atomic. If two instances of this operation race, one * can appear to succeed but actually fail. */ static inline bool __test_and_change_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr) { __instrument_read_write_bitop(nr, addr); return arch___test_and_change_bit(nr, addr); } /** * test_bit - Determine whether a bit is set * @nr: bit number to test * @addr: Address to start counting from */ static inline bool test_bit(long nr, const volatile unsigned long *addr) { instrument_atomic_read(addr + BIT_WORD(nr), sizeof(long)); return arch_test_bit(nr, addr); } #endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_BITOPS_INSTRUMENTED_NON_ATOMIC_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_INAT_H #define _ASM_X86_INAT_H /* * x86 instruction attributes * * Written by Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com> */ #include <asm/inat_types.h> /* * Internal bits. Don't use bitmasks directly, because these bits are * unstable. You should use checking functions. */ #define INAT_OPCODE_TABLE_SIZE 256 #define INAT_GROUP_TABLE_SIZE 8 /* Legacy last prefixes */ #define INAT_PFX_OPNDSZ 1 /* 0x66 */ /* LPFX1 */ #define INAT_PFX_REPE 2 /* 0xF3 */ /* LPFX2 */ #define INAT_PFX_REPNE 3 /* 0xF2 */ /* LPFX3 */ /* Other Legacy prefixes */ #define INAT_PFX_LOCK 4 /* 0xF0 */ #define INAT_PFX_CS 5 /* 0x2E */ #define INAT_PFX_DS 6 /* 0x3E */ #define INAT_PFX_ES 7 /* 0x26 */ #define INAT_PFX_FS 8 /* 0x64 */ #define INAT_PFX_GS 9 /* 0x65 */ #define INAT_PFX_SS 10 /* 0x36 */ #define INAT_PFX_ADDRSZ 11 /* 0x67 */ /* x86-64 REX prefix */ #define INAT_PFX_REX 12 /* 0x4X */ /* AVX VEX prefixes */ #define INAT_PFX_VEX2 13 /* 2-bytes VEX prefix */ #define INAT_PFX_VEX3 14 /* 3-bytes VEX prefix */ #define INAT_PFX_EVEX 15 /* EVEX prefix */ #define INAT_LSTPFX_MAX 3 #define INAT_LGCPFX_MAX 11 /* Immediate size */ #define INAT_IMM_BYTE 1 #define INAT_IMM_WORD 2 #define INAT_IMM_DWORD 3 #define INAT_IMM_QWORD 4 #define INAT_IMM_PTR 5 #define INAT_IMM_VWORD32 6 #define INAT_IMM_VWORD 7 /* Legacy prefix */ #define INAT_PFX_OFFS 0 #define INAT_PFX_BITS 4 #define INAT_PFX_MAX ((1 << INAT_PFX_BITS) - 1) #define INAT_PFX_MASK (INAT_PFX_MAX << INAT_PFX_OFFS) /* Escape opcodes */ #define INAT_ESC_OFFS (INAT_PFX_OFFS + INAT_PFX_BITS) #define INAT_ESC_BITS 2 #define INAT_ESC_MAX ((1 << INAT_ESC_BITS) - 1) #define INAT_ESC_MASK (INAT_ESC_MAX << INAT_ESC_OFFS) /* Group opcodes (1-16) */ #define INAT_GRP_OFFS (INAT_ESC_OFFS + INAT_ESC_BITS) #define INAT_GRP_BITS 5 #define INAT_GRP_MAX ((1 << INAT_GRP_BITS) - 1) #define INAT_GRP_MASK (INAT_GRP_MAX << INAT_GRP_OFFS) /* Immediates */ #define INAT_IMM_OFFS (INAT_GRP_OFFS + INAT_GRP_BITS) #define INAT_IMM_BITS 3 #define INAT_IMM_MASK (((1 << INAT_IMM_BITS) - 1) << INAT_IMM_OFFS) /* Flags */ #define INAT_FLAG_OFFS (INAT_IMM_OFFS + INAT_IMM_BITS) #define INAT_MODRM (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS)) #define INAT_FORCE64 (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 1)) #define INAT_SCNDIMM (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 2)) #define INAT_MOFFSET (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 3)) #define INAT_VARIANT (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 4)) #define INAT_VEXOK (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 5)) #define INAT_VEXONLY (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 6)) #define INAT_EVEXONLY (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 7)) /* Attribute making macros for attribute tables */ #define INAT_MAKE_PREFIX(pfx) (pfx << INAT_PFX_OFFS) #define INAT_MAKE_ESCAPE(esc) (esc << INAT_ESC_OFFS) #define INAT_MAKE_GROUP(grp) ((grp << INAT_GRP_OFFS) | INAT_MODRM) #define INAT_MAKE_IMM(imm) (imm << INAT_IMM_OFFS) /* Identifiers for segment registers */ #define INAT_SEG_REG_IGNORE 0 #define INAT_SEG_REG_DEFAULT 1 #define INAT_SEG_REG_CS 2 #define INAT_SEG_REG_SS 3 #define INAT_SEG_REG_DS 4 #define INAT_SEG_REG_ES 5 #define INAT_SEG_REG_FS 6 #define INAT_SEG_REG_GS 7 /* Attribute search APIs */ extern insn_attr_t inat_get_opcode_attribute(insn_byte_t opcode); extern int inat_get_last_prefix_id(insn_byte_t last_pfx); extern insn_attr_t inat_get_escape_attribute(insn_byte_t opcode, int lpfx_id, insn_attr_t esc_attr); extern insn_attr_t inat_get_group_attribute(insn_byte_t modrm, int lpfx_id, insn_attr_t esc_attr); extern insn_attr_t inat_get_avx_attribute(insn_byte_t opcode, insn_byte_t vex_m, insn_byte_t vex_pp); /* Attribute checking functions */ static inline int inat_is_legacy_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { attr &= INAT_PFX_MASK; return attr && attr <= INAT_LGCPFX_MAX; } static inline int inat_is_address_size_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_ADDRSZ; } static inline int inat_is_operand_size_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_OPNDSZ; } static inline int inat_is_rex_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_REX; } static inline int inat_last_prefix_id(insn_attr_t attr) { if ((attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) > INAT_LSTPFX_MAX) return 0; else return attr & INAT_PFX_MASK; } static inline int inat_is_vex_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { attr &= INAT_PFX_MASK; return attr == INAT_PFX_VEX2 || attr == INAT_PFX_VEX3 || attr == INAT_PFX_EVEX; } static inline int inat_is_evex_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_EVEX; } static inline int inat_is_vex3_prefix(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_VEX3; } static inline int inat_is_escape(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_ESC_MASK; } static inline int inat_escape_id(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_ESC_MASK) >> INAT_ESC_OFFS; } static inline int inat_is_group(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_GRP_MASK; } static inline int inat_group_id(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_GRP_MASK) >> INAT_GRP_OFFS; } static inline int inat_group_common_attribute(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & ~INAT_GRP_MASK; } static inline int inat_has_immediate(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_IMM_MASK; } static inline int inat_immediate_size(insn_attr_t attr) { return (attr & INAT_IMM_MASK) >> INAT_IMM_OFFS; } static inline int inat_has_modrm(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_MODRM; } static inline int inat_is_force64(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_FORCE64; } static inline int inat_has_second_immediate(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_SCNDIMM; } static inline int inat_has_moffset(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_MOFFSET; } static inline int inat_has_variant(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_VARIANT; } static inline int inat_accept_vex(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_VEXOK; } static inline int inat_must_vex(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & (INAT_VEXONLY | INAT_EVEXONLY); } static inline int inat_must_evex(insn_attr_t attr) { return attr & INAT_EVEXONLY; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * User-mode machine state access * * Copyright (C) 2007 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved. * * Red Hat Author: Roland McGrath. */ #ifndef _LINUX_REGSET_H #define _LINUX_REGSET_H 1 #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> struct task_struct; struct user_regset; struct membuf { void *p; size_t left; }; static inline int membuf_zero(struct membuf *s, size_t size) { if (s->left) { if (size > s->left) size = s->left; memset(s->p, 0, size); s->p += size; s->left -= size; } return s->left; } static inline int membuf_write(struct membuf *s, const void *v, size_t size) { if (s->left) { if (size > s->left) size = s->left; memcpy(s->p, v, size); s->p += size; s->left -= size; } return s->left; } /* current s->p must be aligned for v; v must be a scalar */ #define membuf_store(s, v) \ ({ \ struct membuf *__s = (s); \ if (__s->left) { \ typeof(v) __v = (v); \ size_t __size = sizeof(__v); \ if (unlikely(__size > __s->left)) { \ __size = __s->left; \ memcpy(__s->p, &__v, __size); \ } else { \ *(typeof(__v + 0) *)__s->p = __v; \ } \ __s->p += __size; \ __s->left -= __size; \ } \ __s->left;}) /** * user_regset_active_fn - type of @active function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * * Return -%ENODEV if not available on the hardware found. * Return %0 if no interesting state in this thread. * Return >%0 number of @size units of interesting state. * Any get call fetching state beyond that number will * see the default initialization state for this data, * so a caller that knows what the default state is need * not copy it all out. * This call is optional; the pointer is %NULL if there * is no inexpensive check to yield a value < @n. */ typedef int user_regset_active_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset); typedef int user_regset_get2_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, struct membuf to); /** * user_regset_set_fn - type of @set function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * @pos: offset into the regset data to access, in bytes * @count: amount of data to copy, in bytes * @kbuf: if not %NULL, a kernel-space pointer to copy from * @ubuf: if @kbuf is %NULL, a user-space pointer to copy from * * Store register values. Return %0 on success; -%EIO or -%ENODEV * are usual failure returns. The @pos and @count values are in * bytes, but must be properly aligned. If @kbuf is non-null, that * buffer is used and @ubuf is ignored. If @kbuf is %NULL, then * ubuf gives a userland pointer to access directly, and an -%EFAULT * return value is possible. */ typedef int user_regset_set_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int pos, unsigned int count, const void *kbuf, const void __user *ubuf); /** * user_regset_writeback_fn - type of @writeback function in &struct user_regset * @target: thread being examined * @regset: regset being examined * @immediate: zero if writeback at completion of next context switch is OK * * This call is optional; usually the pointer is %NULL. When * provided, there is some user memory associated with this regset's * hardware, such as memory backing cached register data on register * window machines; the regset's data controls what user memory is * used (e.g. via the stack pointer value). * * Write register data back to user memory. If the @immediate flag * is nonzero, it must be written to the user memory so uaccess or * access_process_vm() can see it when this call returns; if zero, * then it must be written back by the time the task completes a * context switch (as synchronized with wait_task_inactive()). * Return %0 on success or if there was nothing to do, -%EFAULT for * a memory problem (bad stack pointer or whatever), or -%EIO for a * hardware problem. */ typedef int user_regset_writeback_fn(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, int immediate); /** * struct user_regset - accessible thread CPU state * @n: Number of slots (registers). * @size: Size in bytes of a slot (register). * @align: Required alignment, in bytes. * @bias: Bias from natural indexing. * @core_note_type: ELF note @n_type value used in core dumps. * @get: Function to fetch values. * @set: Function to store values. * @active: Function to report if regset is active, or %NULL. * @writeback: Function to write data back to user memory, or %NULL. * * This data structure describes a machine resource we call a register set. * This is part of the state of an individual thread, not necessarily * actual CPU registers per se. A register set consists of a number of * similar slots, given by @n. Each slot is @size bytes, and aligned to * @align bytes (which is at least @size). For dynamically-sized * regsets, @n must contain the maximum possible number of slots for the * regset. * * For backward compatibility, the @get and @set methods must pad to, or * accept, @n * @size bytes, even if the current regset size is smaller. * The precise semantics of these operations depend on the regset being * accessed. * * The functions to which &struct user_regset members point must be * called only on the current thread or on a thread that is in * %TASK_STOPPED or %TASK_TRACED state, that we are guaranteed will not * be woken up and return to user mode, and that we have called * wait_task_inactive() on. (The target thread always might wake up for * SIGKILL while these functions are working, in which case that * thread's user_regset state might be scrambled.) * * The @pos argument must be aligned according to @align; the @count * argument must be a multiple of @size. These functions are not * responsible for checking for invalid arguments. * * When there is a natural value to use as an index, @bias gives the * difference between the natural index and the slot index for the * register set. For example, x86 GDT segment descriptors form a regset; * the segment selector produces a natural index, but only a subset of * that index space is available as a regset (the TLS slots); subtracting * @bias from a segment selector index value computes the regset slot. * * If nonzero, @core_note_type gives the n_type field (NT_* value) * of the core file note in which this regset's data appears. * NT_PRSTATUS is a special case in that the regset data starts at * offsetof(struct elf_prstatus, pr_reg) into the note data; that is * part of the per-machine ELF formats userland knows about. In * other cases, the core file note contains exactly the whole regset * (@n * @size) and nothing else. The core file note is normally * omitted when there is an @active function and it returns zero. */ struct user_regset { user_regset_get2_fn *regset_get; user_regset_set_fn *set; user_regset_active_fn *active; user_regset_writeback_fn *writeback; unsigned int n; unsigned int size; unsigned int align; unsigned int bias; unsigned int core_note_type; }; /** * struct user_regset_view - available regsets * @name: Identifier, e.g. UTS_MACHINE string. * @regsets: Array of @n regsets available in this view. * @n: Number of elements in @regsets. * @e_machine: ELF header @e_machine %EM_* value written in core dumps. * @e_flags: ELF header @e_flags value written in core dumps. * @ei_osabi: ELF header @e_ident[%EI_OSABI] value written in core dumps. * * A regset view is a collection of regsets (&struct user_regset, * above). This describes all the state of a thread that can be seen * from a given architecture/ABI environment. More than one view might * refer to the same &struct user_regset, or more than one regset * might refer to the same machine-specific state in the thread. For * example, a 32-bit thread's state could be examined from the 32-bit * view or from the 64-bit view. Either method reaches the same thread * register state, doing appropriate widening or truncation. */ struct user_regset_view { const char *name; const struct user_regset *regsets; unsigned int n; u32 e_flags; u16 e_machine; u8 ei_osabi; }; /* * This is documented here rather than at the definition sites because its * implementation is machine-dependent but its interface is universal. */ /** * task_user_regset_view - Return the process's native regset view. * @tsk: a thread of the process in question * * Return the &struct user_regset_view that is native for the given process. * For example, what it would access when it called ptrace(). * Throughout the life of the process, this only changes at exec. */ const struct user_regset_view *task_user_regset_view(struct task_struct *tsk); static inline int user_regset_copyin(unsigned int *pos, unsigned int *count, const void **kbuf, const void __user **ubuf, void *data, const int start_pos, const int end_pos) { if (*count == 0) return 0; BUG_ON(*pos < start_pos); if (end_pos < 0 || *pos < end_pos) { unsigned int copy = (end_pos < 0 ? *count : min(*count, end_pos - *pos)); data += *pos - start_pos; if (*kbuf) { memcpy(data, *kbuf, copy); *kbuf += copy; } else if (__copy_from_user(data, *ubuf, copy)) return -EFAULT; else *ubuf += copy; *pos += copy; *count -= copy; } return 0; } static inline int user_regset_copyin_ignore(unsigned int *pos, unsigned int *count, const void **kbuf, const void __user **ubuf, const int start_pos, const int end_pos) { if (*count == 0) return 0; BUG_ON(*pos < start_pos); if (end_pos < 0 || *pos < end_pos) { unsigned int copy = (end_pos < 0 ? *count : min(*count, end_pos - *pos)); if (*kbuf) *kbuf += copy; else *ubuf += copy; *pos += copy; *count -= copy; } return 0; } extern int regset_get(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int size, void *data); extern int regset_get_alloc(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset, unsigned int size, void **data); extern int copy_regset_to_user(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset_view *view, unsigned int setno, unsigned int offset, unsigned int size, void __user *data); /** * copy_regset_from_user - store into thread's user_regset data from user memory * @target: thread to be examined * @view: &struct user_regset_view describing user thread machine state * @setno: index in @view->regsets * @offset: offset into the regset data, in bytes * @size: amount of data to copy, in bytes * @data: user-mode pointer to copy from */ static inline int copy_regset_from_user(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset_view *view, unsigned int setno, unsigned int offset, unsigned int size, const void __user *data) { const struct user_regset *regset = &view->regsets[setno]; if (!regset->set) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (!access_ok(data, size)) return -EFAULT; return regset->set(target, regset, offset, size, NULL, data); } #endif /* <linux/regset.h> */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the IP router. * * Version: @(#)route.h 1.0.4 05/27/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> * Fixes: * Alan Cox : Reformatted. Added ip_rt_local() * Alan Cox : Support for TCP parameters. * Alexey Kuznetsov: Major changes for new routing code. * Mike McLagan : Routing by source * Robert Olsson : Added rt_cache statistics */ #ifndef _ROUTE_H #define _ROUTE_H #include <net/dst.h> #include <net/inetpeer.h> #include <net/flow.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/ip_fib.h> #include <net/arp.h> #include <net/ndisc.h> #include <linux/in_route.h> #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/route.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/security.h> /* IPv4 datagram length is stored into 16bit field (tot_len) */ #define IP_MAX_MTU 0xFFFFU #define RTO_ONLINK 0x01 #define RT_CONN_FLAGS(sk) (RT_TOS(inet_sk(sk)->tos) | sock_flag(sk, SOCK_LOCALROUTE)) #define RT_CONN_FLAGS_TOS(sk,tos) (RT_TOS(tos) | sock_flag(sk, SOCK_LOCALROUTE)) struct fib_nh; struct fib_info; struct uncached_list; struct rtable { struct dst_entry dst; int rt_genid; unsigned int rt_flags; __u16 rt_type; __u8 rt_is_input; __u8 rt_uses_gateway; int rt_iif; u8 rt_gw_family; /* Info on neighbour */ union { __be32 rt_gw4; struct in6_addr rt_gw6; }; /* Miscellaneous cached information */ u32 rt_mtu_locked:1, rt_pmtu:31; struct list_head rt_uncached; struct uncached_list *rt_uncached_list; }; static inline bool rt_is_input_route(const struct rtable *rt) { return rt->rt_is_input != 0; } static inline bool rt_is_output_route(const struct rtable *rt) { return rt->rt_is_input == 0; } static inline __be32 rt_nexthop(const struct rtable *rt, __be32 daddr) { if (rt->rt_gw_family == AF_INET) return rt->rt_gw4; return daddr; } struct ip_rt_acct { __u32 o_bytes; __u32 o_packets; __u32 i_bytes; __u32 i_packets; }; struct rt_cache_stat { unsigned int in_slow_tot; unsigned int in_slow_mc; unsigned int in_no_route; unsigned int in_brd; unsigned int in_martian_dst; unsigned int in_martian_src; unsigned int out_slow_tot; unsigned int out_slow_mc; }; extern struct ip_rt_acct __percpu *ip_rt_acct; struct in_device; int ip_rt_init(void); void rt_cache_flush(struct net *net); void rt_flush_dev(struct net_device *dev); struct rtable *ip_route_output_key_hash(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *flp, const struct sk_buff *skb); struct rtable *ip_route_output_key_hash_rcu(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *flp, struct fib_result *res, const struct sk_buff *skb); static inline struct rtable *__ip_route_output_key(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *flp) { return ip_route_output_key_hash(net, flp, NULL); } struct rtable *ip_route_output_flow(struct net *, struct flowi4 *flp, const struct sock *sk); struct rtable *ip_route_output_tunnel(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, struct net *net, __be32 *saddr, const struct ip_tunnel_info *info, u8 protocol, bool use_cache); struct dst_entry *ipv4_blackhole_route(struct net *net, struct dst_entry *dst_orig); static inline struct rtable *ip_route_output_key(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *flp) { return ip_route_output_flow(net, flp, NULL); } static inline struct rtable *ip_route_output(struct net *net, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, u8 tos, int oif) { struct flowi4 fl4 = { .flowi4_oif = oif, .flowi4_tos = tos, .daddr = daddr, .saddr = saddr, }; return ip_route_output_key(net, &fl4); } static inline struct rtable *ip_route_output_ports(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct sock *sk, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, __be16 dport, __be16 sport, __u8 proto, __u8 tos, int oif) { flowi4_init_output(fl4, oif, sk ? sk->sk_mark : 0, tos, RT_SCOPE_UNIVERSE, proto, sk ? inet_sk_flowi_flags(sk) : 0, daddr, saddr, dport, sport, sock_net_uid(net, sk)); if (sk) security_sk_classify_flow(sk, flowi4_to_flowi(fl4)); return ip_route_output_flow(net, fl4, sk); } static inline struct rtable *ip_route_output_gre(struct net *net, struct flowi4 *fl4, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, __be32 gre_key, __u8 tos, int oif) { memset(fl4, 0, sizeof(*fl4)); fl4->flowi4_oif = oif; fl4->daddr = daddr; fl4->saddr = saddr; fl4->flowi4_tos = tos; fl4->flowi4_proto = IPPROTO_GRE; fl4->fl4_gre_key = gre_key; return ip_route_output_key(net, fl4); } int ip_mc_validate_source(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 daddr, __be32 saddr, u8 tos, struct net_device *dev, struct in_device *in_dev, u32 *itag); int ip_route_input_noref(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 dst, __be32 src, u8 tos, struct net_device *devin); int ip_route_input_rcu(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 dst, __be32 src, u8 tos, struct net_device *devin, struct fib_result *res); int ip_route_use_hint(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 dst, __be32 src, u8 tos, struct net_device *devin, const struct sk_buff *hint); static inline int ip_route_input(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 dst, __be32 src, u8 tos, struct net_device *devin) { int err; rcu_read_lock(); err = ip_route_input_noref(skb, dst, src, tos, devin); if (!err) { skb_dst_force(skb); if (!skb_dst(skb)) err = -EINVAL; } rcu_read_unlock(); return err; } void ipv4_update_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, u32 mtu, int oif, u8 protocol); void ipv4_sk_update_pmtu(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk, u32 mtu); void ipv4_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, int oif, u8 protocol); void ipv4_sk_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk); void ip_rt_send_redirect(struct sk_buff *skb); unsigned int inet_addr_type(struct net *net, __be32 addr); unsigned int inet_addr_type_table(struct net *net, __be32 addr, u32 tb_id); unsigned int inet_dev_addr_type(struct net *net, const struct net_device *dev, __be32 addr); unsigned int inet_addr_type_dev_table(struct net *net, const struct net_device *dev, __be32 addr); void ip_rt_multicast_event(struct in_device *); int ip_rt_ioctl(struct net *, unsigned int cmd, struct rtentry *rt); void ip_rt_get_source(u8 *src, struct sk_buff *skb, struct rtable *rt); struct rtable *rt_dst_alloc(struct net_device *dev, unsigned int flags, u16 type, bool nopolicy, bool noxfrm); struct rtable *rt_dst_clone(struct net_device *dev, struct rtable *rt); struct in_ifaddr; void fib_add_ifaddr(struct in_ifaddr *); void fib_del_ifaddr(struct in_ifaddr *, struct in_ifaddr *); void fib_modify_prefix_metric(struct in_ifaddr *ifa, u32 new_metric); void rt_add_uncached_list(struct rtable *rt); void rt_del_uncached_list(struct rtable *rt); int fib_dump_info_fnhe(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, u32 table_id, struct fib_info *fi, int *fa_index, int fa_start, unsigned int flags); static inline void ip_rt_put(struct rtable *rt) { /* dst_release() accepts a NULL parameter. * We rely on dst being first structure in struct rtable */ BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct rtable, dst) != 0); dst_release(&rt->dst); } #define IPTOS_RT_MASK (IPTOS_TOS_MASK & ~3) extern const __u8 ip_tos2prio[16]; static inline char rt_tos2priority(u8 tos) { return ip_tos2prio[IPTOS_TOS(tos)>>1]; } /* ip_route_connect() and ip_route_newports() work in tandem whilst * binding a socket for a new outgoing connection. * * In order to use IPSEC properly, we must, in the end, have a * route that was looked up using all available keys including source * and destination ports. * * However, if a source port needs to be allocated (the user specified * a wildcard source port) we need to obtain addressing information * in order to perform that allocation. * * So ip_route_connect() looks up a route using wildcarded source and * destination ports in the key, simply so that we can get a pair of * addresses to use for port allocation. * * Later, once the ports are allocated, ip_route_newports() will make * another route lookup if needed to make sure we catch any IPSEC * rules keyed on the port information. * * The callers allocate the flow key on their stack, and must pass in * the same flowi4 object to both the ip_route_connect() and the * ip_route_newports() calls. */ static inline void ip_route_connect_init(struct flowi4 *fl4, __be32 dst, __be32 src, u32 tos, int oif, u8 protocol, __be16 sport, __be16 dport, struct sock *sk) { __u8 flow_flags = 0; if (inet_sk(sk)->transparent) flow_flags |= FLOWI_FLAG_ANYSRC; flowi4_init_output(fl4, oif, sk->sk_mark, tos, RT_SCOPE_UNIVERSE, protocol, flow_flags, dst, src, dport, sport, sk->sk_uid); } static inline struct rtable *ip_route_connect(struct flowi4 *fl4, __be32 dst, __be32 src, u32 tos, int oif, u8 protocol, __be16 sport, __be16 dport, struct sock *sk) { struct net *net = sock_net(sk); struct rtable *rt; ip_route_connect_init(fl4, dst, src, tos, oif, protocol, sport, dport, sk); if (!dst || !src) { rt = __ip_route_output_key(net, fl4); if (IS_ERR(rt)) return rt; ip_rt_put(rt); flowi4_update_output(fl4, oif, tos, fl4->daddr, fl4->saddr); } security_sk_classify_flow(sk, flowi4_to_flowi(fl4)); return ip_route_output_flow(net, fl4, sk); } static inline struct rtable *ip_route_newports(struct flowi4 *fl4, struct rtable *rt, __be16 orig_sport, __be16 orig_dport, __be16 sport, __be16 dport, struct sock *sk) { if (sport != orig_sport || dport != orig_dport) { fl4->fl4_dport = dport; fl4->fl4_sport = sport; ip_rt_put(rt); flowi4_update_output(fl4, sk->sk_bound_dev_if, RT_CONN_FLAGS(sk), fl4->daddr, fl4->saddr); security_sk_classify_flow(sk, flowi4_to_flowi(fl4)); return ip_route_output_flow(sock_net(sk), fl4, sk); } return rt; } static inline int inet_iif(const struct sk_buff *skb) { struct rtable *rt = skb_rtable(skb); if (rt && rt->rt_iif) return rt->rt_iif; return skb->skb_iif; } static inline int ip4_dst_hoplimit(const struct dst_entry *dst) { int hoplimit = dst_metric_raw(dst, RTAX_HOPLIMIT); struct net *net = dev_net(dst->dev); if (hoplimit == 0) hoplimit = net->ipv4.sysctl_ip_default_ttl; return hoplimit; } static inline struct neighbour *ip_neigh_gw4(struct net_device *dev, __be32 daddr) { struct neighbour *neigh; neigh = __ipv4_neigh_lookup_noref(dev, daddr); if (unlikely(!neigh)) neigh = __neigh_create(&arp_tbl, &daddr, dev, false); return neigh; } static inline struct neighbour *ip_neigh_for_gw(struct rtable *rt, struct sk_buff *skb, bool *is_v6gw) { struct net_device *dev = rt->dst.dev; struct neighbour *neigh; if (likely(rt->rt_gw_family == AF_INET)) { neigh = ip_neigh_gw4(dev, rt->rt_gw4); } else if (rt->rt_gw_family == AF_INET6) { neigh = ip_neigh_gw6(dev, &rt->rt_gw6); *is_v6gw = true; } else { neigh = ip_neigh_gw4(dev, ip_hdr(skb)->daddr); } return neigh; } #endif /* _ROUTE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __INCLUDE_LINUX_OOM_H #define __INCLUDE_LINUX_OOM_H #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <uapi/linux/oom.h> #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> /* MMF_* */ #include <linux/mm.h> /* VM_FAULT* */ struct zonelist; struct notifier_block; struct mem_cgroup; struct task_struct; enum oom_constraint { CONSTRAINT_NONE, CONSTRAINT_CPUSET, CONSTRAINT_MEMORY_POLICY, CONSTRAINT_MEMCG, }; /* * Details of the page allocation that triggered the oom killer that are used to * determine what should be killed. */ struct oom_control { /* Used to determine cpuset */ struct zonelist *zonelist; /* Used to determine mempolicy */ nodemask_t *nodemask; /* Memory cgroup in which oom is invoked, or NULL for global oom */ struct mem_cgroup *memcg; /* Used to determine cpuset and node locality requirement */ const gfp_t gfp_mask; /* * order == -1 means the oom kill is required by sysrq, otherwise only * for display purposes. */ const int order; /* Used by oom implementation, do not set */ unsigned long totalpages; struct task_struct *chosen; long chosen_points; /* Used to print the constraint info. */ enum oom_constraint constraint; }; extern struct mutex oom_lock; extern struct mutex oom_adj_mutex; static inline void set_current_oom_origin(void) { current->signal->oom_flag_origin = true; } static inline void clear_current_oom_origin(void) { current->signal->oom_flag_origin = false; } static inline bool oom_task_origin(const struct task_struct *p) { return p->signal->oom_flag_origin; } static inline bool tsk_is_oom_victim(struct task_struct * tsk) { return tsk->signal->oom_mm; } /* * Use this helper if tsk->mm != mm and the victim mm needs a special * handling. This is guaranteed to stay true after once set. */ static inline bool mm_is_oom_victim(struct mm_struct *mm) { return test_bit(MMF_OOM_VICTIM, &mm->flags); } /* * Checks whether a page fault on the given mm is still reliable. * This is no longer true if the oom reaper started to reap the * address space which is reflected by MMF_UNSTABLE flag set in * the mm. At that moment any !shared mapping would lose the content * and could cause a memory corruption (zero pages instead of the * original content). * * User should call this before establishing a page table entry for * a !shared mapping and under the proper page table lock. * * Return 0 when the PF is safe VM_FAULT_SIGBUS otherwise. */ static inline vm_fault_t check_stable_address_space(struct mm_struct *mm) { if (unlikely(test_bit(MMF_UNSTABLE, &mm->flags))) return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; return 0; } bool __oom_reap_task_mm(struct mm_struct *mm); long oom_badness(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long totalpages); extern bool out_of_memory(struct oom_control *oc); extern void exit_oom_victim(void); extern int register_oom_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); extern int unregister_oom_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); extern bool oom_killer_disable(signed long timeout); extern void oom_killer_enable(void); extern struct task_struct *find_lock_task_mm(struct task_struct *p); /* sysctls */ extern int sysctl_oom_dump_tasks; extern int sysctl_oom_kill_allocating_task; extern int sysctl_panic_on_oom; #endif /* _INCLUDE_LINUX_OOM_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * ioport.h Definitions of routines for detecting, reserving and * allocating system resources. * * Authors: Linus Torvalds */ #ifndef _LINUX_IOPORT_H #define _LINUX_IOPORT_H #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/bits.h> /* * Resources are tree-like, allowing * nesting etc.. */ struct resource { resource_size_t start; resource_size_t end; const char *name; unsigned long flags; unsigned long desc; struct resource *parent, *sibling, *child; }; /* * IO resources have these defined flags. * * PCI devices expose these flags to userspace in the "resource" sysfs file, * so don't move them. */ #define IORESOURCE_BITS 0x000000ff /* Bus-specific bits */ #define IORESOURCE_TYPE_BITS 0x00001f00 /* Resource type */ #define IORESOURCE_IO 0x00000100 /* PCI/ISA I/O ports */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM 0x00000200 #define IORESOURCE_REG 0x00000300 /* Register offsets */ #define IORESOURCE_IRQ 0x00000400 #define IORESOURCE_DMA 0x00000800 #define IORESOURCE_BUS 0x00001000 #define IORESOURCE_PREFETCH 0x00002000 /* No side effects */ #define IORESOURCE_READONLY 0x00004000 #define IORESOURCE_CACHEABLE 0x00008000 #define IORESOURCE_RANGELENGTH 0x00010000 #define IORESOURCE_SHADOWABLE 0x00020000 #define IORESOURCE_SIZEALIGN 0x00040000 /* size indicates alignment */ #define IORESOURCE_STARTALIGN 0x00080000 /* start field is alignment */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_64 0x00100000 #define IORESOURCE_WINDOW 0x00200000 /* forwarded by bridge */ #define IORESOURCE_MUXED 0x00400000 /* Resource is software muxed */ #define IORESOURCE_EXT_TYPE_BITS 0x01000000 /* Resource extended types */ #define IORESOURCE_SYSRAM 0x01000000 /* System RAM (modifier) */ /* IORESOURCE_SYSRAM specific bits. */ #define IORESOURCE_SYSRAM_DRIVER_MANAGED 0x02000000 /* Always detected via a driver. */ #define IORESOURCE_SYSRAM_MERGEABLE 0x04000000 /* Resource can be merged. */ #define IORESOURCE_EXCLUSIVE 0x08000000 /* Userland may not map this resource */ #define IORESOURCE_DISABLED 0x10000000 #define IORESOURCE_UNSET 0x20000000 /* No address assigned yet */ #define IORESOURCE_AUTO 0x40000000 #define IORESOURCE_BUSY 0x80000000 /* Driver has marked this resource busy */ /* I/O resource extended types */ #define IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM (IORESOURCE_MEM|IORESOURCE_SYSRAM) /* PnP IRQ specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_HIGHEDGE (1<<0) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_LOWEDGE (1<<1) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_HIGHLEVEL (1<<2) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_LOWLEVEL (1<<3) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_SHAREABLE (1<<4) #define IORESOURCE_IRQ_OPTIONAL (1<<5) /* PnP DMA specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPE_MASK (3<<0) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_8BIT (0<<0) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_8AND16BIT (1<<0) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_16BIT (2<<0) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_MASTER (1<<2) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_BYTE (1<<3) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_WORD (1<<4) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_SPEED_MASK (3<<6) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_COMPATIBLE (0<<6) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPEA (1<<6) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPEB (2<<6) #define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPEF (3<<6) /* PnP memory I/O specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_WRITEABLE (1<<0) /* dup: IORESOURCE_READONLY */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_CACHEABLE (1<<1) /* dup: IORESOURCE_CACHEABLE */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_RANGELENGTH (1<<2) /* dup: IORESOURCE_RANGELENGTH */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_TYPE_MASK (3<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_8BIT (0<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_16BIT (1<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_8AND16BIT (2<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_32BIT (3<<3) #define IORESOURCE_MEM_SHADOWABLE (1<<5) /* dup: IORESOURCE_SHADOWABLE */ #define IORESOURCE_MEM_EXPANSIONROM (1<<6) /* PnP I/O specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_IO_16BIT_ADDR (1<<0) #define IORESOURCE_IO_FIXED (1<<1) #define IORESOURCE_IO_SPARSE (1<<2) /* PCI ROM control bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */ #define IORESOURCE_ROM_ENABLE (1<<0) /* ROM is enabled, same as PCI_ROM_ADDRESS_ENABLE */ #define IORESOURCE_ROM_SHADOW (1<<1) /* Use RAM image, not ROM BAR */ /* PCI control bits. Shares IORESOURCE_BITS with above PCI ROM. */ #define IORESOURCE_PCI_FIXED (1<<4) /* Do not move resource */ #define IORESOURCE_PCI_EA_BEI (1<<5) /* BAR Equivalent Indicator */ /* * I/O Resource Descriptors * * Descriptors are used by walk_iomem_res_desc() and region_intersects() * for searching a specific resource range in the iomem table. Assign * a new descriptor when a resource range supports the search interfaces. * Otherwise, resource.desc must be set to IORES_DESC_NONE (0). */ enum { IORES_DESC_NONE = 0, IORES_DESC_CRASH_KERNEL = 1, IORES_DESC_ACPI_TABLES = 2, IORES_DESC_ACPI_NV_STORAGE = 3, IORES_DESC_PERSISTENT_MEMORY = 4, IORES_DESC_PERSISTENT_MEMORY_LEGACY = 5, IORES_DESC_DEVICE_PRIVATE_MEMORY = 6, IORES_DESC_RESERVED = 7, IORES_DESC_SOFT_RESERVED = 8, }; /* * Flags controlling ioremap() behavior. */ enum { IORES_MAP_SYSTEM_RAM = BIT(0), IORES_MAP_ENCRYPTED = BIT(1), }; /* helpers to define resources */ #define DEFINE_RES_NAMED(_start, _size, _name, _flags) \ { \ .start = (_start), \ .end = (_start) + (_size) - 1, \ .name = (_name), \ .flags = (_flags), \ .desc = IORES_DESC_NONE, \ } #define DEFINE_RES_IO_NAMED(_start, _size, _name) \ DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_start), (_size), (_name), IORESOURCE_IO) #define DEFINE_RES_IO(_start, _size) \ DEFINE_RES_IO_NAMED((_start), (_size), NULL) #define DEFINE_RES_MEM_NAMED(_start, _size, _name) \ DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_start), (_size), (_name), IORESOURCE_MEM) #define DEFINE_RES_MEM(_start, _size) \ DEFINE_RES_MEM_NAMED((_start), (_size), NULL) #define DEFINE_RES_IRQ_NAMED(_irq, _name) \ DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_irq), 1, (_name), IORESOURCE_IRQ) #define DEFINE_RES_IRQ(_irq) \ DEFINE_RES_IRQ_NAMED((_irq), NULL) #define DEFINE_RES_DMA_NAMED(_dma, _name) \ DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_dma), 1, (_name), IORESOURCE_DMA) #define DEFINE_RES_DMA(_dma) \ DEFINE_RES_DMA_NAMED((_dma), NULL) /* PC/ISA/whatever - the normal PC address spaces: IO and memory */ extern struct resource ioport_resource; extern struct resource iomem_resource; extern struct resource *request_resource_conflict(struct resource *root, struct resource *new); extern int request_resource(struct resource *root, struct resource *new); extern int release_resource(struct resource *new); void release_child_resources(struct resource *new); extern void reserve_region_with_split(struct resource *root, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t end, const char *name); extern struct resource *insert_resource_conflict(struct resource *parent, struct resource *new); extern int insert_resource(struct resource *parent, struct resource *new); extern void insert_resource_expand_to_fit(struct resource *root, struct resource *new); extern int remove_resource(struct resource *old); extern void arch_remove_reservations(struct resource *avail); extern int allocate_resource(struct resource *root, struct resource *new, resource_size_t size, resource_size_t min, resource_size_t max, resource_size_t align, resource_size_t (*alignf)(void *, const struct resource *, resource_size_t, resource_size_t), void *alignf_data); struct resource *lookup_resource(struct resource *root, resource_size_t start); int adjust_resource(struct resource *res, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t size); resource_size_t resource_alignment(struct resource *res); static inline resource_size_t resource_size(const struct resource *res) { return res->end - res->start + 1; } static inline unsigned long resource_type(const struct resource *res) { return res->flags & IORESOURCE_TYPE_BITS; } static inline unsigned long resource_ext_type(const struct resource *res) { return res->flags & IORESOURCE_EXT_TYPE_BITS; } /* True iff r1 completely contains r2 */ static inline bool resource_contains(struct resource *r1, struct resource *r2) { if (resource_type(r1) != resource_type(r2)) return false; if (r1->flags & IORESOURCE_UNSET || r2->flags & IORESOURCE_UNSET) return false; return r1->start <= r2->start && r1->end >= r2->end; } /* Convenience shorthand with allocation */ #define request_region(start,n,name) __request_region(&ioport_resource, (start), (n), (name), 0) #define request_muxed_region(start,n,name) __request_region(&ioport_resource, (start), (n), (name), IORESOURCE_MUXED) #define __request_mem_region(start,n,name, excl) __request_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name), excl) #define request_mem_region(start,n,name) __request_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name), 0) #define request_mem_region_exclusive(start,n,name) \ __request_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name), IORESOURCE_EXCLUSIVE) #define rename_region(region, newname) do { (region)->name = (newname); } while (0) extern struct resource * __request_region(struct resource *, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t n, const char *name, int flags); /* Compatibility cruft */ #define release_region(start,n) __release_region(&ioport_resource, (start), (n)) #define release_mem_region(start,n) __release_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n)) extern void __release_region(struct resource *, resource_size_t, resource_size_t); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE extern void release_mem_region_adjustable(resource_size_t, resource_size_t); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG extern void merge_system_ram_resource(struct resource *res); #endif /* Wrappers for managed devices */ struct device; extern int devm_request_resource(struct device *dev, struct resource *root, struct resource *new); extern void devm_release_resource(struct device *dev, struct resource *new); #define devm_request_region(dev,start,n,name) \ __devm_request_region(dev, &ioport_resource, (start), (n), (name)) #define devm_request_mem_region(dev,start,n,name) \ __devm_request_region(dev, &iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name)) extern struct resource * __devm_request_region(struct device *dev, struct resource *parent, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t n, const char *name); #define devm_release_region(dev, start, n) \ __devm_release_region(dev, &ioport_resource, (start), (n)) #define devm_release_mem_region(dev, start, n) \ __devm_release_region(dev, &iomem_resource, (start), (n)) extern void __devm_release_region(struct device *dev, struct resource *parent, resource_size_t start, resource_size_t n); extern int iomem_map_sanity_check(resource_size_t addr, unsigned long size); extern bool iomem_is_exclusive(u64 addr); extern int walk_system_ram_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, void *arg, int (*func)(unsigned long, unsigned long, void *)); extern int walk_mem_res(u64 start, u64 end, void *arg, int (*func)(struct resource *, void *)); extern int walk_system_ram_res(u64 start, u64 end, void *arg, int (*func)(struct resource *, void *)); extern int walk_iomem_res_desc(unsigned long desc, unsigned long flags, u64 start, u64 end, void *arg, int (*func)(struct resource *, void *)); /* True if any part of r1 overlaps r2 */ static inline bool resource_overlaps(struct resource *r1, struct resource *r2) { return (r1->start <= r2->end && r1->end >= r2->start); } struct resource *devm_request_free_mem_region(struct device *dev, struct resource *base, unsigned long size); struct resource *request_free_mem_region(struct resource *base, unsigned long size, const char *name); #ifdef CONFIG_IO_STRICT_DEVMEM void revoke_devmem(struct resource *res); #else static inline void revoke_devmem(struct resource *res) { }; #endif #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _LINUX_IOPORT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions of the Internet Protocol. * * Version: @(#)in.h 1.0.1 04/21/93 * * Authors: Original taken from the GNU Project <netinet/in.h> file. * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> */ #ifndef _LINUX_IN_H #define _LINUX_IN_H #include <linux/errno.h> #include <uapi/linux/in.h> static inline int proto_ports_offset(int proto) { switch (proto) { case IPPROTO_TCP: case IPPROTO_UDP: case IPPROTO_DCCP: case IPPROTO_ESP: /* SPI */ case IPPROTO_SCTP: case IPPROTO_UDPLITE: return 0; case IPPROTO_AH: /* SPI */ return 4; default: return -EINVAL; } } static inline bool ipv4_is_loopback(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xff000000)) == htonl(0x7f000000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_multicast(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xf0000000)) == htonl(0xe0000000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_local_multicast(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffffff00)) == htonl(0xe0000000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_lbcast(__be32 addr) { /* limited broadcast */ return addr == htonl(INADDR_BROADCAST); } static inline bool ipv4_is_all_snoopers(__be32 addr) { return addr == htonl(INADDR_ALLSNOOPERS_GROUP); } static inline bool ipv4_is_zeronet(__be32 addr) { return (addr == 0); } /* Special-Use IPv4 Addresses (RFC3330) */ static inline bool ipv4_is_private_10(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xff000000)) == htonl(0x0a000000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_private_172(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xfff00000)) == htonl(0xac100000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_private_192(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffff0000)) == htonl(0xc0a80000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_linklocal_169(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffff0000)) == htonl(0xa9fe0000); } static inline bool ipv4_is_anycast_6to4(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffffff00)) == htonl(0xc0586300); } static inline bool ipv4_is_test_192(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xffffff00)) == htonl(0xc0000200); } static inline bool ipv4_is_test_198(__be32 addr) { return (addr & htonl(0xfffe0000)) == htonl(0xc6120000); } #endif /* _LINUX_IN_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * A hash table (hashtab) maintains associations between * key values and datum values. The type of the key values * and the type of the datum values is arbitrary. The * functions for hash computation and key comparison are * provided by the creator of the table. * * Author : Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> */ #ifndef _SS_HASHTAB_H_ #define _SS_HASHTAB_H_ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #define HASHTAB_MAX_NODES U32_MAX struct hashtab_key_params { u32 (*hash)(const void *key); /* hash function */ int (*cmp)(const void *key1, const void *key2); /* key comparison function */ }; struct hashtab_node { void *key; void *datum; struct hashtab_node *next; }; struct hashtab { struct hashtab_node **htable; /* hash table */ u32 size; /* number of slots in hash table */ u32 nel; /* number of elements in hash table */ }; struct hashtab_info { u32 slots_used; u32 max_chain_len; }; /* * Initializes a new hash table with the specified characteristics. * * Returns -ENOMEM if insufficient space is available or 0 otherwise. */ int hashtab_init(struct hashtab *h, u32 nel_hint); int __hashtab_insert(struct hashtab *h, struct hashtab_node **dst, void *key, void *datum); /* * Inserts the specified (key, datum) pair into the specified hash table. * * Returns -ENOMEM on memory allocation error, * -EEXIST if there is already an entry with the same key, * -EINVAL for general errors or 0 otherwise. */ static inline int hashtab_insert(struct hashtab *h, void *key, void *datum, struct hashtab_key_params key_params) { u32 hvalue; struct hashtab_node *prev, *cur; cond_resched(); if (!h->size || h->nel == HASHTAB_MAX_NODES) return -EINVAL; hvalue = key_params.hash(key) & (h->size - 1); prev = NULL; cur = h->htable[hvalue]; while (cur) { int cmp = key_params.cmp(key, cur->key); if (cmp == 0) return -EEXIST; if (cmp < 0) break; prev = cur; cur = cur->next; } return __hashtab_insert(h, prev ? &prev->next : &h->htable[hvalue], key, datum); } /* * Searches for the entry with the specified key in the hash table. * * Returns NULL if no entry has the specified key or * the datum of the entry otherwise. */ static inline void *hashtab_search(struct hashtab *h, const void *key, struct hashtab_key_params key_params) { u32 hvalue; struct hashtab_node *cur; if (!h->size) return NULL; hvalue = key_params.hash(key) & (h->size - 1); cur = h->htable[hvalue]; while (cur) { int cmp = key_params.cmp(key, cur->key); if (cmp == 0) return cur->datum; if (cmp < 0) break; cur = cur->next; } return NULL; } /* * Destroys the specified hash table. */ void hashtab_destroy(struct hashtab *h); /* * Applies the specified apply function to (key,datum,args) * for each entry in the specified hash table. * * The order in which the function is applied to the entries * is dependent upon the internal structure of the hash table. * * If apply returns a non-zero status, then hashtab_map will cease * iterating through the hash table and will propagate the error * return to its caller. */ int hashtab_map(struct hashtab *h, int (*apply)(void *k, void *d, void *args), void *args); int hashtab_duplicate(struct hashtab *new, struct hashtab *orig, int (*copy)(struct hashtab_node *new, struct hashtab_node *orig, void *args), int (*destroy)(void *k, void *d, void *args), void *args); /* Fill info with some hash table statistics */ void hashtab_stat(struct hashtab *h, struct hashtab_info *info); #endif /* _SS_HASHTAB_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_COREDUMP_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_COREDUMP_H #include <linux/mm_types.h> #define SUID_DUMP_DISABLE 0 /* No setuid dumping */ #define SUID_DUMP_USER 1 /* Dump as user of process */ #define SUID_DUMP_ROOT 2 /* Dump as root */ /* mm flags */ /* for SUID_DUMP_* above */ #define MMF_DUMPABLE_BITS 2 #define MMF_DUMPABLE_MASK ((1 << MMF_DUMPABLE_BITS) - 1) extern void set_dumpable(struct mm_struct *mm, int value); /* * This returns the actual value of the suid_dumpable flag. For things * that are using this for checking for privilege transitions, it must * test against SUID_DUMP_USER rather than treating it as a boolean * value. */ static inline int __get_dumpable(unsigned long mm_flags) { return mm_flags & MMF_DUMPABLE_MASK; } static inline int get_dumpable(struct mm_struct *mm) { return __get_dumpable(mm->flags); } /* coredump filter bits */ #define MMF_DUMP_ANON_PRIVATE 2 #define MMF_DUMP_ANON_SHARED 3 #define MMF_DUMP_MAPPED_PRIVATE 4 #define MMF_DUMP_MAPPED_SHARED 5 #define MMF_DUMP_ELF_HEADERS 6 #define MMF_DUMP_HUGETLB_PRIVATE 7 #define MMF_DUMP_HUGETLB_SHARED 8 #define MMF_DUMP_DAX_PRIVATE 9 #define MMF_DUMP_DAX_SHARED 10 #define MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT MMF_DUMPABLE_BITS #define MMF_DUMP_FILTER_BITS 9 #define MMF_DUMP_FILTER_MASK \ (((1 << MMF_DUMP_FILTER_BITS) - 1) << MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT) #define MMF_DUMP_FILTER_DEFAULT \ ((1 << MMF_DUMP_ANON_PRIVATE) | (1 << MMF_DUMP_ANON_SHARED) |\ (1 << MMF_DUMP_HUGETLB_PRIVATE) | MMF_DUMP_MASK_DEFAULT_ELF) #ifdef CONFIG_CORE_DUMP_DEFAULT_ELF_HEADERS # define MMF_DUMP_MASK_DEFAULT_ELF (1 << MMF_DUMP_ELF_HEADERS) #else # define MMF_DUMP_MASK_DEFAULT_ELF 0 #endif /* leave room for more dump flags */ #define MMF_VM_MERGEABLE 16 /* KSM may merge identical pages */ #define MMF_VM_HUGEPAGE 17 /* set when VM_HUGEPAGE is set on vma */ /* * This one-shot flag is dropped due to necessity of changing exe once again * on NFS restore */ //#define MMF_EXE_FILE_CHANGED 18 /* see prctl_set_mm_exe_file() */ #define MMF_HAS_UPROBES 19 /* has uprobes */ #define MMF_RECALC_UPROBES 20 /* MMF_HAS_UPROBES can be wrong */ #define MMF_OOM_SKIP 21 /* mm is of no interest for the OOM killer */ #define MMF_UNSTABLE 22 /* mm is unstable for copy_from_user */ #define MMF_HUGE_ZERO_PAGE 23 /* mm has ever used the global huge zero page */ #define MMF_DISABLE_THP 24 /* disable THP for all VMAs */ #define MMF_OOM_VICTIM 25 /* mm is the oom victim */ #define MMF_OOM_REAP_QUEUED 26 /* mm was queued for oom_reaper */ #define MMF_MULTIPROCESS 27 /* mm is shared between processes */ #define MMF_DISABLE_THP_MASK (1 << MMF_DISABLE_THP) #define MMF_INIT_MASK (MMF_DUMPABLE_MASK | MMF_DUMP_FILTER_MASK |\ MMF_DISABLE_THP_MASK) #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_COREDUMP_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __IEEE802154_CORE_H #define __IEEE802154_CORE_H #include <net/cfg802154.h> struct cfg802154_registered_device { const struct cfg802154_ops *ops; struct list_head list; /* wpan_phy index, internal only */ int wpan_phy_idx; /* also protected by devlist_mtx */ int opencount; wait_queue_head_t dev_wait; /* protected by RTNL only */ int num_running_ifaces; /* associated wpan interfaces, protected by rtnl or RCU */ struct list_head wpan_dev_list; int devlist_generation, wpan_dev_id; /* must be last because of the way we do wpan_phy_priv(), * and it should at least be aligned to NETDEV_ALIGN */ struct wpan_phy wpan_phy __aligned(NETDEV_ALIGN); }; static inline struct cfg802154_registered_device * wpan_phy_to_rdev(struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy) { BUG_ON(!wpan_phy); return container_of(wpan_phy, struct cfg802154_registered_device, wpan_phy); } extern struct list_head cfg802154_rdev_list; extern int cfg802154_rdev_list_generation; int cfg802154_switch_netns(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev, struct net *net); /* free object */ void cfg802154_dev_free(struct cfg802154_registered_device *rdev); struct cfg802154_registered_device * cfg802154_rdev_by_wpan_phy_idx(int wpan_phy_idx); struct wpan_phy *wpan_phy_idx_to_wpan_phy(int wpan_phy_idx); #endif /* __IEEE802154_CORE_H */
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */ /* * This file holds USB constants and structures that are needed for * USB device APIs. These are used by the USB device model, which is * defined in chapter 9 of the USB 2.0 specification and in the * Wireless USB 1.0 (spread around). Linux has several APIs in C that * need these: * * - the master/host side Linux-USB kernel driver API; * - the "usbfs" user space API; and * - the Linux "gadget" slave/device/peripheral side driver API. * * USB 2.0 adds an additional "On The Go" (OTG) mode, which lets systems * act either as a USB master/host or as a USB slave/device. That means * the master and slave side APIs benefit from working well together. * * There's also "Wireless USB", using low power short range radios for * peripheral interconnection but otherwise building on the USB framework. * * Note all descriptors are declared '__attribute__((packed))' so that: * * [a] they never get padded, either internally (USB spec writers * probably handled that) or externally; * * [b] so that accessing bigger-than-a-bytes fields will never * generate bus errors on any platform, even when the location of * its descriptor inside a bundle isn't "naturally aligned", and * * [c] for consistency, removing all doubt even when it appears to * someone that the two other points are non-issues for that * particular descriptor type. */ #ifndef _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H #define _UAPI__LINUX_USB_CH9_H #include <linux/types.h> /* __u8 etc */ #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* le16_to_cpu */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* CONTROL REQUEST SUPPORT */ /* * USB directions * * This bit flag is used in endpoint descriptors' bEndpointAddress field. * It's also one of three fields in control requests bRequestType. */ #define USB_DIR_OUT 0 /* to device */ #define USB_DIR_IN 0x80 /* to host */ /* * USB types, the second of three bRequestType fields */ #define USB_TYPE_MASK (0x03 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_STANDARD (0x00 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_CLASS (0x01 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_VENDOR (0x02 << 5) #define USB_TYPE_RESERVED (0x03 << 5) /* * USB recipients, the third of three bRequestType fields */ #define USB_RECIP_MASK 0x1f #define USB_RECIP_DEVICE 0x00 #define USB_RECIP_INTERFACE 0x01 #define USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT 0x02 #define USB_RECIP_OTHER 0x03 /* From Wireless USB 1.0 */ #define USB_RECIP_PORT 0x04 #define USB_RECIP_RPIPE 0x05 /* * Standard requests, for the bRequest field of a SETUP packet. * * These are qualified by the bRequestType field, so that for example * TYPE_CLASS or TYPE_VENDOR specific feature flags could be retrieved * by a GET_STATUS request. */ #define USB_REQ_GET_STATUS 0x00 #define USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE 0x01 #define USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE 0x03 #define USB_REQ_SET_ADDRESS 0x05 #define USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR 0x06 #define USB_REQ_SET_DESCRIPTOR 0x07 #define USB_REQ_GET_CONFIGURATION 0x08 #define USB_REQ_SET_CONFIGURATION 0x09 #define USB_REQ_GET_INTERFACE 0x0A #define USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE 0x0B #define USB_REQ_SYNCH_FRAME 0x0C #define USB_REQ_SET_SEL 0x30 #define USB_REQ_SET_ISOCH_DELAY 0x31 #define USB_REQ_SET_ENCRYPTION 0x0D /* Wireless USB */ #define USB_REQ_GET_ENCRYPTION 0x0E #define USB_REQ_RPIPE_ABORT 0x0E #define USB_REQ_SET_HANDSHAKE 0x0F #define USB_REQ_RPIPE_RESET 0x0F #define USB_REQ_GET_HANDSHAKE 0x10 #define USB_REQ_SET_CONNECTION 0x11 #define USB_REQ_SET_SECURITY_DATA 0x12 #define USB_REQ_GET_SECURITY_DATA 0x13 #define USB_REQ_SET_WUSB_DATA 0x14 #define USB_REQ_LOOPBACK_DATA_WRITE 0x15 #define USB_REQ_LOOPBACK_DATA_READ 0x16 #define USB_REQ_SET_INTERFACE_DS 0x17 /* specific requests for USB Power Delivery */ #define USB_REQ_GET_PARTNER_PDO 20 #define USB_REQ_GET_BATTERY_STATUS 21 #define USB_REQ_SET_PDO 22 #define USB_REQ_GET_VDM 23 #define USB_REQ_SEND_VDM 24 /* The Link Power Management (LPM) ECN defines USB_REQ_TEST_AND_SET command, * used by hubs to put ports into a new L1 suspend state, except that it * forgot to define its number ... */ /* * USB feature flags are written using USB_REQ_{CLEAR,SET}_FEATURE, and * are read as a bit array returned by USB_REQ_GET_STATUS. (So there * are at most sixteen features of each type.) Hubs may also support a * new USB_REQ_TEST_AND_SET_FEATURE to put ports into L1 suspend. */ #define USB_DEVICE_SELF_POWERED 0 /* (read only) */ #define USB_DEVICE_REMOTE_WAKEUP 1 /* dev may initiate wakeup */ #define USB_DEVICE_TEST_MODE 2 /* (wired high speed only) */ #define USB_DEVICE_BATTERY 2 /* (wireless) */ #define USB_DEVICE_B_HNP_ENABLE 3 /* (otg) dev may initiate HNP */ #define USB_DEVICE_WUSB_DEVICE 3 /* (wireless)*/ #define USB_DEVICE_A_HNP_SUPPORT 4 /* (otg) RH port supports HNP */ #define USB_DEVICE_A_ALT_HNP_SUPPORT 5 /* (otg) other RH port does */ #define USB_DEVICE_DEBUG_MODE 6 /* (special devices only) */ /* * Test Mode Selectors * See USB 2.0 spec Table 9-7 */ #define USB_TEST_J 1 #define USB_TEST_K 2 #define USB_TEST_SE0_NAK 3 #define USB_TEST_PACKET 4 #define USB_TEST_FORCE_ENABLE 5 /* Status Type */ #define USB_STATUS_TYPE_STANDARD 0 #define USB_STATUS_TYPE_PTM 1 /* * New Feature Selectors as added by USB 3.0 * See USB 3.0 spec Table 9-7 */ #define USB_DEVICE_U1_ENABLE 48 /* dev may initiate U1 transition */ #define USB_DEVICE_U2_ENABLE 49 /* dev may initiate U2 transition */ #define USB_DEVICE_LTM_ENABLE 50 /* dev may send LTM */ #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND 0 /* function suspend */ #define USB_INTR_FUNC_SUSPEND_OPT_MASK 0xFF00 /* * Suspend Options, Table 9-8 USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND_LP (1 << (8 + 0)) #define USB_INTRF_FUNC_SUSPEND_RW (1 << (8 + 1)) /* * Interface status, Figure 9-5 USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_INTRF_STAT_FUNC_RW_CAP 1 #define USB_INTRF_STAT_FUNC_RW 2 #define USB_ENDPOINT_HALT 0 /* IN/OUT will STALL */ /* Bit array elements as returned by the USB_REQ_GET_STATUS request. */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_U1_ENABLED 2 /* transition into U1 state */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_U2_ENABLED 3 /* transition into U2 state */ #define USB_DEV_STAT_LTM_ENABLED 4 /* Latency tolerance messages */ /* * Feature selectors from Table 9-8 USB Power Delivery spec */ #define USB_DEVICE_BATTERY_WAKE_MASK 40 #define USB_DEVICE_OS_IS_PD_AWARE 41 #define USB_DEVICE_POLICY_MODE 42 #define USB_PORT_PR_SWAP 43 #define USB_PORT_GOTO_MIN 44 #define USB_PORT_RETURN_POWER 45 #define USB_PORT_ACCEPT_PD_REQUEST 46 #define USB_PORT_REJECT_PD_REQUEST 47 #define USB_PORT_PORT_PD_RESET 48 #define USB_PORT_C_PORT_PD_CHANGE 49 #define USB_PORT_CABLE_PD_RESET 50 #define USB_DEVICE_CHARGING_POLICY 54 /** * struct usb_ctrlrequest - SETUP data for a USB device control request * @bRequestType: matches the USB bmRequestType field * @bRequest: matches the USB bRequest field * @wValue: matches the USB wValue field (le16 byte order) * @wIndex: matches the USB wIndex field (le16 byte order) * @wLength: matches the USB wLength field (le16 byte order) * * This structure is used to send control requests to a USB device. It matches * the different fields of the USB 2.0 Spec section 9.3, table 9-2. See the * USB spec for a fuller description of the different fields, and what they are * used for. * * Note that the driver for any interface can issue control requests. * For most devices, interfaces don't coordinate with each other, so * such requests may be made at any time. */ struct usb_ctrlrequest { __u8 bRequestType; __u8 bRequest; __le16 wValue; __le16 wIndex; __le16 wLength; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* * STANDARD DESCRIPTORS ... as returned by GET_DESCRIPTOR, or * (rarely) accepted by SET_DESCRIPTOR. * * Note that all multi-byte values here are encoded in little endian * byte order "on the wire". Within the kernel and when exposed * through the Linux-USB APIs, they are not converted to cpu byte * order; it is the responsibility of the client code to do this. * The single exception is when device and configuration descriptors (but * not other descriptors) are read from character devices * (i.e. /dev/bus/usb/BBB/DDD); * in this case the fields are converted to host endianness by the kernel. */ /* * Descriptor types ... USB 2.0 spec table 9.5 */ #define USB_DT_DEVICE 0x01 #define USB_DT_CONFIG 0x02 #define USB_DT_STRING 0x03 #define USB_DT_INTERFACE 0x04 #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT 0x05 #define USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER 0x06 #define USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG 0x07 #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_POWER 0x08 /* these are from a minor usb 2.0 revision (ECN) */ #define USB_DT_OTG 0x09 #define USB_DT_DEBUG 0x0a #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION 0x0b /* these are from the Wireless USB spec */ #define USB_DT_SECURITY 0x0c #define USB_DT_KEY 0x0d #define USB_DT_ENCRYPTION_TYPE 0x0e #define USB_DT_BOS 0x0f #define USB_DT_DEVICE_CAPABILITY 0x10 #define USB_DT_WIRELESS_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x11 #define USB_DT_WIRE_ADAPTER 0x21 #define USB_DT_RPIPE 0x22 #define USB_DT_CS_RADIO_CONTROL 0x23 /* From the T10 UAS specification */ #define USB_DT_PIPE_USAGE 0x24 /* From the USB 3.0 spec */ #define USB_DT_SS_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x30 /* From the USB 3.1 spec */ #define USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_ENDPOINT_COMP 0x31 /* Conventional codes for class-specific descriptors. The convention is * defined in the USB "Common Class" Spec (3.11). Individual class specs * are authoritative for their usage, not the "common class" writeup. */ #define USB_DT_CS_DEVICE (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_DEVICE) #define USB_DT_CS_CONFIG (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_CONFIG) #define USB_DT_CS_STRING (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_STRING) #define USB_DT_CS_INTERFACE (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_INTERFACE) #define USB_DT_CS_ENDPOINT (USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_DT_ENDPOINT) /* All standard descriptors have these 2 fields at the beginning */ struct usb_descriptor_header { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE: Device descriptor */ struct usb_device_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 bcdUSB; __u8 bDeviceClass; __u8 bDeviceSubClass; __u8 bDeviceProtocol; __u8 bMaxPacketSize0; __le16 idVendor; __le16 idProduct; __le16 bcdDevice; __u8 iManufacturer; __u8 iProduct; __u8 iSerialNumber; __u8 bNumConfigurations; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_DEVICE_SIZE 18 /* * Device and/or Interface Class codes * as found in bDeviceClass or bInterfaceClass * and defined by www.usb.org documents */ #define USB_CLASS_PER_INTERFACE 0 /* for DeviceClass */ #define USB_CLASS_AUDIO 1 #define USB_CLASS_COMM 2 #define USB_CLASS_HID 3 #define USB_CLASS_PHYSICAL 5 #define USB_CLASS_STILL_IMAGE 6 #define USB_CLASS_PRINTER 7 #define USB_CLASS_MASS_STORAGE 8 #define USB_CLASS_HUB 9 #define USB_CLASS_CDC_DATA 0x0a #define USB_CLASS_CSCID 0x0b /* chip+ smart card */ #define USB_CLASS_CONTENT_SEC 0x0d /* content security */ #define USB_CLASS_VIDEO 0x0e #define USB_CLASS_WIRELESS_CONTROLLER 0xe0 #define USB_CLASS_PERSONAL_HEALTHCARE 0x0f #define USB_CLASS_AUDIO_VIDEO 0x10 #define USB_CLASS_BILLBOARD 0x11 #define USB_CLASS_USB_TYPE_C_BRIDGE 0x12 #define USB_CLASS_MISC 0xef #define USB_CLASS_APP_SPEC 0xfe #define USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC 0xff #define USB_SUBCLASS_VENDOR_SPEC 0xff /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_CONFIG: Configuration descriptor information. * * USB_DT_OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG is the same descriptor, except that the * descriptor type is different. Highspeed-capable devices can look * different depending on what speed they're currently running. Only * devices with a USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER have any OTHER_SPEED_CONFIG * descriptors. */ struct usb_config_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wTotalLength; __u8 bNumInterfaces; __u8 bConfigurationValue; __u8 iConfiguration; __u8 bmAttributes; __u8 bMaxPower; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_CONFIG_SIZE 9 /* from config descriptor bmAttributes */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_ONE (1 << 7) /* must be set */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_SELFPOWER (1 << 6) /* self powered */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_WAKEUP (1 << 5) /* can wakeup */ #define USB_CONFIG_ATT_BATTERY (1 << 4) /* battery powered */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB String descriptors can contain at most 126 characters. */ #define USB_MAX_STRING_LEN 126 /* USB_DT_STRING: String descriptor */ struct usb_string_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wData[1]; /* UTF-16LE encoded */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* note that "string" zero is special, it holds language codes that * the device supports, not Unicode characters. */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_INTERFACE: Interface descriptor */ struct usb_interface_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bInterfaceNumber; __u8 bAlternateSetting; __u8 bNumEndpoints; __u8 bInterfaceClass; __u8 bInterfaceSubClass; __u8 bInterfaceProtocol; __u8 iInterface; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_INTERFACE_SIZE 9 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_ENDPOINT: Endpoint descriptor */ struct usb_endpoint_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bEndpointAddress; __u8 bmAttributes; __le16 wMaxPacketSize; __u8 bInterval; /* NOTE: these two are _only_ in audio endpoints. */ /* use USB_DT_ENDPOINT*_SIZE in bLength, not sizeof. */ __u8 bRefresh; __u8 bSynchAddress; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT_SIZE 7 #define USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE 9 /* Audio extension */ /* * Endpoints */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK 0x0f /* in bEndpointAddress */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK 0x80 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK 0x03 /* in bmAttributes */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL 0 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC 1 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK 2 #define USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT 3 #define USB_ENDPOINT_MAX_ADJUSTABLE 0x80 #define USB_ENDPOINT_MAXP_MASK 0x07ff #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT 11 #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_MASK (3 << USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT) #define USB_EP_MAXP_MULT(m) \ (((m) & USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_MASK) >> USB_EP_MAXP_MULT_SHIFT) /* The USB 3.0 spec redefines bits 5:4 of bmAttributes as interrupt ep type. */ #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTRTYPE 0x30 #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTR_PERIODIC (0 << 4) #define USB_ENDPOINT_INTR_NOTIFICATION (1 << 4) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNCTYPE 0x0c #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_NONE (0 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ASYNC (1 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ADAPTIVE (2 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_SYNC (3 << 2) #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_MASK 0x30 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_DATA 0x00 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_FEEDBACK 0x10 #define USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_IMPLICIT_FB 0x20 /* Implicit feedback Data endpoint */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /** * usb_endpoint_num - get the endpoint's number * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns @epd's number: 0 to 15. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_num(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_type - get the endpoint's transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns one of USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_{CONTROL, ISOC, BULK, INT} according * to @epd's transfer type. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_type(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_dir_in - check if the endpoint has IN direction * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type IN, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_dir_in(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == USB_DIR_IN); } /** * usb_endpoint_dir_out - check if the endpoint has OUT direction * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type OUT, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_dir_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_DIR_MASK) == USB_DIR_OUT); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk - check if the endpoint has bulk transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type bulk, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_control - check if the endpoint has control transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type control, otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_control( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_CONTROL); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_int - check if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type interrupt, otherwise it returns * false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_int( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT); } /** * usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc - check if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint is of type isochronous, otherwise it returns * false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return ((epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) == USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_bulk_in - check if the endpoint is bulk IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has bulk transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_bulk_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_bulk_out - check if the endpoint is bulk OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has bulk transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_bulk_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_int_in - check if the endpoint is interrupt IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_int_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_int_out - check if the endpoint is interrupt OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has interrupt transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_int_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_isoc_in - check if the endpoint is isochronous IN * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type and IN direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_isoc_in( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_is_isoc_out - check if the endpoint is isochronous OUT * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns true if the endpoint has isochronous transfer type and OUT direction, * otherwise it returns false. */ static inline int usb_endpoint_is_isoc_out( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return usb_endpoint_xfer_isoc(epd) && usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd); } /** * usb_endpoint_maxp - get endpoint's max packet size * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Returns @epd's max packet bits [10:0] */ static inline int usb_endpoint_maxp(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return __le16_to_cpu(epd->wMaxPacketSize) & USB_ENDPOINT_MAXP_MASK; } /** * usb_endpoint_maxp_mult - get endpoint's transactional opportunities * @epd: endpoint to be checked * * Return @epd's wMaxPacketSize[12:11] + 1 */ static inline int usb_endpoint_maxp_mult(const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { int maxp = __le16_to_cpu(epd->wMaxPacketSize); return USB_EP_MAXP_MULT(maxp) + 1; } static inline int usb_endpoint_interrupt_type( const struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *epd) { return epd->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_INTRTYPE; } /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_ENDPOINT_COMP: SuperSpeedPlus Isochronous Endpoint Companion * descriptor */ struct usb_ssp_isoc_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 wReseved; __le32 dwBytesPerInterval; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_SSP_ISOC_EP_COMP_SIZE 8 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_SS_ENDPOINT_COMP: SuperSpeed Endpoint Companion descriptor */ struct usb_ss_ep_comp_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bMaxBurst; __u8 bmAttributes; __le16 wBytesPerInterval; } __attribute__ ((packed)); #define USB_DT_SS_EP_COMP_SIZE 6 /* Bits 4:0 of bmAttributes if this is a bulk endpoint */ static inline int usb_ss_max_streams(const struct usb_ss_ep_comp_descriptor *comp) { int max_streams; if (!comp) return 0; max_streams = comp->bmAttributes & 0x1f; if (!max_streams) return 0; max_streams = 1 << max_streams; return max_streams; } /* Bits 1:0 of bmAttributes if this is an isoc endpoint */ #define USB_SS_MULT(p) (1 + ((p) & 0x3)) /* Bit 7 of bmAttributes if a SSP isoc endpoint companion descriptor exists */ #define USB_SS_SSP_ISOC_COMP(p) ((p) & (1 << 7)) /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEVICE_QUALIFIER: Device Qualifier descriptor */ struct usb_qualifier_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __le16 bcdUSB; __u8 bDeviceClass; __u8 bDeviceSubClass; __u8 bDeviceProtocol; __u8 bMaxPacketSize0; __u8 bNumConfigurations; __u8 bRESERVED; } __attribute__ ((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_OTG (from OTG 1.0a supplement) */ struct usb_otg_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bmAttributes; /* support for HNP, SRP, etc */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* USB_DT_OTG (from OTG 2.0 supplement) */ struct usb_otg20_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bmAttributes; /* support for HNP, SRP and ADP, etc */ __le16 bcdOTG; /* OTG and EH supplement release number * in binary-coded decimal(i.e. 2.0 is 0200H) */ } __attribute__ ((packed)); /* from usb_otg_descriptor.bmAttributes */ #define USB_OTG_SRP (1 << 0) #define USB_OTG_HNP (1 << 1) /* swap host/device roles */ #define USB_OTG_ADP (1 << 2) /* support ADP */ #define OTG_STS_SELECTOR 0xF000 /* OTG status selector */ /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_DEBUG: for special highspeed devices, replacing serial console */ struct usb_debug_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; /* bulk endpoints with 8 byte maxpacket */ __u8 bDebugInEndpoint; __u8 bDebugOutEndpoint; } __attribute__((packed)); /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ /* USB_DT_INTERFACE_ASSOCIATION: groups interfaces */ struct usb_interface_assoc_descriptor { __u8 bLength; __u8 bDescriptorType; __u8 bFirstInterface; __u8 bInterfaceCount; __u8 bFunctionClass; __u8 bFu