1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_COMPAT_H #define _ASM_X86_COMPAT_H /* * Architecture specific compatibility types */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h> #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/user32.h> #include <asm/unistd.h> #include <asm-generic/compat.h> #define COMPAT_USER_HZ 100 #define COMPAT_UTS_MACHINE "i686\0\0" typedef u16 __compat_uid_t; typedef u16 __compat_gid_t; typedef u32 __compat_uid32_t; typedef u32 __compat_gid32_t; typedef u16 compat_mode_t; typedef u16 compat_dev_t; typedef u16 compat_nlink_t; typedef u16 compat_ipc_pid_t; typedef u32 compat_caddr_t; typedef __kernel_fsid_t compat_fsid_t; struct compat_stat { compat_dev_t st_dev; u16 __pad1; compat_ino_t st_ino; compat_mode_t st_mode; compat_nlink_t st_nlink; __compat_uid_t st_uid; __compat_gid_t st_gid; compat_dev_t st_rdev; u16 __pad2; u32 st_size; u32 st_blksize; u32 st_blocks; u32 st_atime; u32 st_atime_nsec; u32 st_mtime; u32 st_mtime_nsec; u32 st_ctime; u32 st_ctime_nsec; u32 __unused4; u32 __unused5; }; struct compat_flock { short l_type; short l_whence; compat_off_t l_start; compat_off_t l_len; compat_pid_t l_pid; }; #define F_GETLK64 12 /* using 'struct flock64' */ #define F_SETLK64 13 #define F_SETLKW64 14 /* * IA32 uses 4 byte alignment for 64 bit quantities, * so we need to pack this structure. */ struct compat_flock64 { short l_type; short l_whence; compat_loff_t l_start; compat_loff_t l_len; compat_pid_t l_pid; } __attribute__((packed)); struct compat_statfs { int f_type; int f_bsize; int f_blocks; int f_bfree; int f_bavail; int f_files; int f_ffree; compat_fsid_t f_fsid; int f_namelen; /* SunOS ignores this field. */ int f_frsize; int f_flags; int f_spare[4]; }; #define COMPAT_RLIM_INFINITY 0xffffffff typedef u32 compat_old_sigset_t; /* at least 32 bits */ #define _COMPAT_NSIG 64 #define _COMPAT_NSIG_BPW 32 typedef u32 compat_sigset_word; #define COMPAT_OFF_T_MAX 0x7fffffff struct compat_ipc64_perm { compat_key_t key; __compat_uid32_t uid; __compat_gid32_t gid; __compat_uid32_t cuid; __compat_gid32_t cgid; unsigned short mode; unsigned short __pad1; unsigned short seq; unsigned short __pad2; compat_ulong_t unused1; compat_ulong_t unused2; }; struct compat_semid64_ds { struct compat_ipc64_perm sem_perm; compat_ulong_t sem_otime; compat_ulong_t sem_otime_high; compat_ulong_t sem_ctime; compat_ulong_t sem_ctime_high; compat_ulong_t sem_nsems; compat_ulong_t __unused3; compat_ulong_t __unused4; }; struct compat_msqid64_ds { struct compat_ipc64_perm msg_perm; compat_ulong_t msg_stime; compat_ulong_t msg_stime_high; compat_ulong_t msg_rtime; compat_ulong_t msg_rtime_high; compat_ulong_t msg_ctime; compat_ulong_t msg_ctime_high; compat_ulong_t msg_cbytes; compat_ulong_t msg_qnum; compat_ulong_t msg_qbytes; compat_pid_t msg_lspid; compat_pid_t msg_lrpid; compat_ulong_t __unused4; compat_ulong_t __unused5; }; struct compat_shmid64_ds { struct compat_ipc64_perm shm_perm; compat_size_t shm_segsz; compat_ulong_t shm_atime; compat_ulong_t shm_atime_high; compat_ulong_t shm_dtime; compat_ulong_t shm_dtime_high; compat_ulong_t shm_ctime; compat_ulong_t shm_ctime_high; compat_pid_t shm_cpid; compat_pid_t shm_lpid; compat_ulong_t shm_nattch; compat_ulong_t __unused4; compat_ulong_t __unused5; }; /* * The type of struct elf_prstatus.pr_reg in compatible core dumps. */ typedef struct user_regs_struct compat_elf_gregset_t; /* Full regset -- prstatus on x32, otherwise on ia32 */ #define PRSTATUS_SIZE(S, R) (R != sizeof(S.pr_reg) ? 144 : 296) #define SET_PR_FPVALID(S, V, R) \ do { *(int *) (((void *) &((S)->pr_reg)) + R) = (V); } \ while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI #define COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME \ (!!(task_pt_regs(current)->orig_ax & __X32_SYSCALL_BIT)) #endif static inline void __user *arch_compat_alloc_user_space(long len) { compat_uptr_t sp; if (test_thread_flag(TIF_IA32)) { sp = task_pt_regs(current)->sp; } else { /* -128 for the x32 ABI redzone */ sp = task_pt_regs(current)->sp - 128; } return (void __user *)round_down(sp - len, 16); } static inline bool in_x32_syscall(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI if (task_pt_regs(current)->orig_ax & __X32_SYSCALL_BIT) return true; #endif return false; } static inline bool in_32bit_syscall(void) { return in_ia32_syscall() || in_x32_syscall(); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT static inline bool in_compat_syscall(void) { return in_32bit_syscall(); } #define in_compat_syscall in_compat_syscall /* override the generic impl */ #define compat_need_64bit_alignment_fixup in_ia32_syscall #endif struct compat_siginfo; #ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI int copy_siginfo_to_user32(struct compat_siginfo __user *to, const kernel_siginfo_t *from); #define copy_siginfo_to_user32 copy_siginfo_to_user32 #endif /* CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_COMPAT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _KBD_KERN_H #define _KBD_KERN_H #include <linux/tty.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/keyboard.h> extern struct tasklet_struct keyboard_tasklet; extern char *func_table[MAX_NR_FUNC]; extern char func_buf[]; extern char *funcbufptr; extern int funcbufsize, funcbufleft; /* * kbd->xxx contains the VC-local things (flag settings etc..) * * Note: externally visible are LED_SCR, LED_NUM, LED_CAP defined in kd.h * The code in KDGETLED / KDSETLED depends on the internal and * external order being the same. * * Note: lockstate is used as index in the array key_map. */ struct kbd_struct { unsigned char lockstate; /* 8 modifiers - the names do not have any meaning at all; they can be associated to arbitrarily chosen keys */ #define VC_SHIFTLOCK KG_SHIFT /* shift lock mode */ #define VC_ALTGRLOCK KG_ALTGR /* altgr lock mode */ #define VC_CTRLLOCK KG_CTRL /* control lock mode */ #define VC_ALTLOCK KG_ALT /* alt lock mode */ #define VC_SHIFTLLOCK KG_SHIFTL /* shiftl lock mode */ #define VC_SHIFTRLOCK KG_SHIFTR /* shiftr lock mode */ #define VC_CTRLLLOCK KG_CTRLL /* ctrll lock mode */ #define VC_CTRLRLOCK KG_CTRLR /* ctrlr lock mode */ unsigned char slockstate; /* for `sticky' Shift, Ctrl, etc. */ unsigned char ledmode:1; #define LED_SHOW_FLAGS 0 /* traditional state */ #define LED_SHOW_IOCTL 1 /* only change leds upon ioctl */ unsigned char ledflagstate:4; /* flags, not lights */ unsigned char default_ledflagstate:4; #define VC_SCROLLOCK 0 /* scroll-lock mode */ #define VC_NUMLOCK 1 /* numeric lock mode */ #define VC_CAPSLOCK 2 /* capslock mode */ #define VC_KANALOCK 3 /* kanalock mode */ unsigned char kbdmode:3; /* one 3-bit value */ #define VC_XLATE 0 /* translate keycodes using keymap */ #define VC_MEDIUMRAW 1 /* medium raw (keycode) mode */ #define VC_RAW 2 /* raw (scancode) mode */ #define VC_UNICODE 3 /* Unicode mode */ #define VC_OFF 4 /* disabled mode */ unsigned char modeflags:5; #define VC_APPLIC 0 /* application key mode */ #define VC_CKMODE 1 /* cursor key mode */ #define VC_REPEAT 2 /* keyboard repeat */ #define VC_CRLF 3 /* 0 - enter sends CR, 1 - enter sends CRLF */ #define VC_META 4 /* 0 - meta, 1 - meta=prefix with ESC */ }; extern int kbd_init(void); extern void setledstate(struct kbd_struct *kbd, unsigned int led); extern int do_poke_blanked_console; extern void (*kbd_ledfunc)(unsigned int led); extern int set_console(int nr); extern void schedule_console_callback(void); /* FIXME: review locking for vt.c callers */ static inline void set_leds(void) { tasklet_schedule(&keyboard_tasklet); } static inline int vc_kbd_mode(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { return ((kbd->modeflags >> flag) & 1); } static inline int vc_kbd_led(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { return ((kbd->ledflagstate >> flag) & 1); } static inline void set_vc_kbd_mode(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->modeflags |= 1 << flag; } static inline void set_vc_kbd_led(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->ledflagstate |= 1 << flag; } static inline void clr_vc_kbd_mode(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->modeflags &= ~(1 << flag); } static inline void clr_vc_kbd_led(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->ledflagstate &= ~(1 << flag); } static inline void chg_vc_kbd_lock(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->lockstate ^= 1 << flag; } static inline void chg_vc_kbd_slock(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->slockstate ^= 1 << flag; } static inline void chg_vc_kbd_mode(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->modeflags ^= 1 << flag; } static inline void chg_vc_kbd_led(struct kbd_struct * kbd, int flag) { kbd->ledflagstate ^= 1 << flag; } #define U(x) ((x) ^ 0xf000) #define BRL_UC_ROW 0x2800 /* keyboard.c */ struct console; void compute_shiftstate(void); /* defkeymap.c */ extern unsigned int keymap_count; #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_MSR_H #define _ASM_X86_MSR_H #include "msr-index.h" #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <asm/asm.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #include <asm/cpumask.h> #include <uapi/asm/msr.h> struct msr { union { struct { u32 l; u32 h; }; u64 q; }; }; struct msr_info { u32 msr_no; struct msr reg; struct msr *msrs; int err; }; struct msr_regs_info { u32 *regs; int err; }; struct saved_msr { bool valid; struct msr_info info; }; struct saved_msrs { unsigned int num; struct saved_msr *array; }; /* * both i386 and x86_64 returns 64-bit value in edx:eax, but gcc's "A" * constraint has different meanings. For i386, "A" means exactly * edx:eax, while for x86_64 it doesn't mean rdx:rax or edx:eax. Instead, * it means rax *or* rdx. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 /* Using 64-bit values saves one instruction clearing the high half of low */ #define DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high) unsigned long low, high #define EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high) ((low) | (high) << 32) #define EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) "=a" (low), "=d" (high) #else #define DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high) unsigned long long val #define EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high) (val) #define EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) "=A" (val) #endif /* * Be very careful with includes. This header is prone to include loops. */ #include <asm/atomic.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(read_msr); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(write_msr); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(rdpmc); extern void do_trace_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); extern void do_trace_read_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); extern void do_trace_rdpmc(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed); #else static inline void do_trace_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} static inline void do_trace_read_msr(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} static inline void do_trace_rdpmc(unsigned int msr, u64 val, int failed) {} #endif /* * __rdmsr() and __wrmsr() are the two primitives which are the bare minimum MSR * accessors and should not have any tracing or other functionality piggybacking * on them - those are *purely* for accessing MSRs and nothing more. So don't even * think of extending them - you will be slapped with a stinking trout or a frozen * shark will reach you, wherever you are! You've been warned. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long __rdmsr(unsigned int msr) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("1: rdmsr\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_rdmsr_unsafe) : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (msr)); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } static __always_inline void __wrmsr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { asm volatile("1: wrmsr\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_wrmsr_unsafe) : : "c" (msr), "a"(low), "d" (high) : "memory"); } #define native_rdmsr(msr, val1, val2) \ do { \ u64 __val = __rdmsr((msr)); \ (void)((val1) = (u32)__val); \ (void)((val2) = (u32)(__val >> 32)); \ } while (0) #define native_wrmsr(msr, low, high) \ __wrmsr(msr, low, high) #define native_wrmsrl(msr, val) \ __wrmsr((msr), (u32)((u64)(val)), \ (u32)((u64)(val) >> 32)) static inline unsigned long long native_read_msr(unsigned int msr) { unsigned long long val; val = __rdmsr(msr); if (tracepoint_enabled(read_msr)) do_trace_read_msr(msr, val, 0); return val; } static inline unsigned long long native_read_msr_safe(unsigned int msr, int *err) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("2: rdmsr ; xor %[err],%[err]\n" "1:\n\t" ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t" "3: mov %[fault],%[err]\n\t" "xorl %%eax, %%eax\n\t" "xorl %%edx, %%edx\n\t" "jmp 1b\n\t" ".previous\n\t" _ASM_EXTABLE(2b, 3b) : [err] "=r" (*err), EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (msr), [fault] "i" (-EIO)); if (tracepoint_enabled(read_msr)) do_trace_read_msr(msr, EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high), *err); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } /* Can be uninlined because referenced by paravirt */ static inline void notrace native_write_msr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { __wrmsr(msr, low, high); if (tracepoint_enabled(write_msr)) do_trace_write_msr(msr, ((u64)high << 32 | low), 0); } /* Can be uninlined because referenced by paravirt */ static inline int notrace native_write_msr_safe(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { int err; asm volatile("2: wrmsr ; xor %[err],%[err]\n" "1:\n\t" ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n\t" "3: mov %[fault],%[err] ; jmp 1b\n\t" ".previous\n\t" _ASM_EXTABLE(2b, 3b) : [err] "=a" (err) : "c" (msr), "0" (low), "d" (high), [fault] "i" (-EIO) : "memory"); if (tracepoint_enabled(write_msr)) do_trace_write_msr(msr, ((u64)high << 32 | low), err); return err; } extern int rdmsr_safe_regs(u32 regs[8]); extern int wrmsr_safe_regs(u32 regs[8]); /** * rdtsc() - returns the current TSC without ordering constraints * * rdtsc() returns the result of RDTSC as a 64-bit integer. The * only ordering constraint it supplies is the ordering implied by * "asm volatile": it will put the RDTSC in the place you expect. The * CPU can and will speculatively execute that RDTSC, though, so the * results can be non-monotonic if compared on different CPUs. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long rdtsc(void) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("rdtsc" : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high)); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } /** * rdtsc_ordered() - read the current TSC in program order * * rdtsc_ordered() returns the result of RDTSC as a 64-bit integer. * It is ordered like a load to a global in-memory counter. It should * be impossible to observe non-monotonic rdtsc_unordered() behavior * across multiple CPUs as long as the TSC is synced. */ static __always_inline unsigned long long rdtsc_ordered(void) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); /* * The RDTSC instruction is not ordered relative to memory * access. The Intel SDM and the AMD APM are both vague on this * point, but empirically an RDTSC instruction can be * speculatively executed before prior loads. An RDTSC * immediately after an appropriate barrier appears to be * ordered as a normal load, that is, it provides the same * ordering guarantees as reading from a global memory location * that some other imaginary CPU is updating continuously with a * time stamp. * * Thus, use the preferred barrier on the respective CPU, aiming for * RDTSCP as the default. */ asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE_2("rdtsc", "lfence; rdtsc", X86_FEATURE_LFENCE_RDTSC, "rdtscp", X86_FEATURE_RDTSCP) : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) /* RDTSCP clobbers ECX with MSR_TSC_AUX. */ :: "ecx"); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } static inline unsigned long long native_read_pmc(int counter) { DECLARE_ARGS(val, low, high); asm volatile("rdpmc" : EAX_EDX_RET(val, low, high) : "c" (counter)); if (tracepoint_enabled(rdpmc)) do_trace_rdpmc(counter, EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high), 0); return EAX_EDX_VAL(val, low, high); } #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else #include <linux/errno.h> /* * Access to machine-specific registers (available on 586 and better only) * Note: the rd* operations modify the parameters directly (without using * pointer indirection), this allows gcc to optimize better */ #define rdmsr(msr, low, high) \ do { \ u64 __val = native_read_msr((msr)); \ (void)((low) = (u32)__val); \ (void)((high) = (u32)(__val >> 32)); \ } while (0) static inline void wrmsr(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { native_write_msr(msr, low, high); } #define rdmsrl(msr, val) \ ((val) = native_read_msr((msr))) static inline void wrmsrl(unsigned int msr, u64 val) { native_write_msr(msr, (u32)(val & 0xffffffffULL), (u32)(val >> 32)); } /* wrmsr with exception handling */ static inline int wrmsr_safe(unsigned int msr, u32 low, u32 high) { return native_write_msr_safe(msr, low, high); } /* rdmsr with exception handling */ #define rdmsr_safe(msr, low, high) \ ({ \ int __err; \ u64 __val = native_read_msr_safe((msr), &__err); \ (*low) = (u32)__val; \ (*high) = (u32)(__val >> 32); \ __err; \ }) static inline int rdmsrl_safe(unsigned int msr, unsigned long long *p) { int err; *p = native_read_msr_safe(msr, &err); return err; } #define rdpmc(counter, low, high) \ do { \ u64 _l = native_read_pmc((counter)); \ (low) = (u32)_l; \ (high) = (u32)(_l >> 32); \ } while (0) #define rdpmcl(counter, val) ((val) = native_read_pmc(counter)) #endif /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ /* * 64-bit version of wrmsr_safe(): */ static inline int wrmsrl_safe(u32 msr, u64 val) { return wrmsr_safe(msr, (u32)val, (u32)(val >> 32)); } #define write_tsc(low, high) wrmsr(MSR_IA32_TSC, (low), (high)) #define write_rdtscp_aux(val) wrmsr(MSR_TSC_AUX, (val), 0) struct msr *msrs_alloc(void); void msrs_free(struct msr *msrs); int msr_set_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit); int msr_clear_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int rdmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h); int wrmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h); int rdmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q); int wrmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q); void rdmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *mask, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs); void wrmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *mask, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs); int rdmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h); int wrmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h); int rdmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q); int wrmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q); int rdmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]); int wrmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]); #else /* CONFIG_SMP */ static inline int rdmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h) { rdmsr(msr_no, *l, *h); return 0; } static inline int wrmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h) { wrmsr(msr_no, l, h); return 0; } static inline int rdmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q) { rdmsrl(msr_no, *q); return 0; } static inline int wrmsrl_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q) { wrmsrl(msr_no, q); return 0; } static inline void rdmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *m, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs) { rdmsr_on_cpu(0, msr_no, &(msrs[0].l), &(msrs[0].h)); } static inline void wrmsr_on_cpus(const struct cpumask *m, u32 msr_no, struct msr *msrs) { wrmsr_on_cpu(0, msr_no, msrs[0].l, msrs[0].h); } static inline int rdmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h) { return rdmsr_safe(msr_no, l, h); } static inline int wrmsr_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 l, u32 h) { return wrmsr_safe(msr_no, l, h); } static inline int rdmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 *q) { return rdmsrl_safe(msr_no, q); } static inline int wrmsrl_safe_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u64 q) { return wrmsrl_safe(msr_no, q); } static inline int rdmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]) { return rdmsr_safe_regs(regs); } static inline int wrmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 regs[8]) { return wrmsr_safe_regs(regs); } #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_MSR_H */
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1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316 1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323 1324 1325 1326 1327 1328 1329 1330 1331 1332 1333 1334 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 1343 1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 1385 1386 1387 1388 1389 1390 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* Common capabilities, needed by capability.o. */ #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/lsm_hooks.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netlink.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/prctl.h> #include <linux/securebits.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/binfmts.h> #include <linux/personality.h> /* * If a non-root user executes a setuid-root binary in * !secure(SECURE_NOROOT) mode, then we raise capabilities. * However if fE is also set, then the intent is for only * the file capabilities to be applied, and the setuid-root * bit is left on either to change the uid (plausible) or * to get full privilege on a kernel without file capabilities * support. So in that case we do not raise capabilities. * * Warn if that happens, once per boot. */ static void warn_setuid_and_fcaps_mixed(const char *fname) { static int warned; if (!warned) { printk(KERN_INFO "warning: `%s' has both setuid-root and" " effective capabilities. Therefore not raising all" " capabilities.\n", fname); warned = 1; } } /** * cap_capable - Determine whether a task has a particular effective capability * @cred: The credentials to use * @ns: The user namespace in which we need the capability * @cap: The capability to check for * @opts: Bitmask of options defined in include/linux/security.h * * Determine whether the nominated task has the specified capability amongst * its effective set, returning 0 if it does, -ve if it does not. * * NOTE WELL: cap_has_capability() cannot be used like the kernel's capable() * and has_capability() functions. That is, it has the reverse semantics: * cap_has_capability() returns 0 when a task has a capability, but the * kernel's capable() and has_capability() returns 1 for this case. */ int cap_capable(const struct cred *cred, struct user_namespace *targ_ns, int cap, unsigned int opts) { struct user_namespace *ns = targ_ns; /* See if cred has the capability in the target user namespace * by examining the target user namespace and all of the target * user namespace's parents. */ for (;;) { /* Do we have the necessary capabilities? */ if (ns == cred->user_ns) return cap_raised(cred->cap_effective, cap) ? 0 : -EPERM; /* * If we're already at a lower level than we're looking for, * we're done searching. */ if (ns->level <= cred->user_ns->level) return -EPERM; /* * The owner of the user namespace in the parent of the * user namespace has all caps. */ if ((ns->parent == cred->user_ns) && uid_eq(ns->owner, cred->euid)) return 0; /* * If you have a capability in a parent user ns, then you have * it over all children user namespaces as well. */ ns = ns->parent; } /* We never get here */ } /** * cap_settime - Determine whether the current process may set the system clock * @ts: The time to set * @tz: The timezone to set * * Determine whether the current process may set the system clock and timezone * information, returning 0 if permission granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_settime(const struct timespec64 *ts, const struct timezone *tz) { if (!capable(CAP_SYS_TIME)) return -EPERM; return 0; } /** * cap_ptrace_access_check - Determine whether the current process may access * another * @child: The process to be accessed * @mode: The mode of attachment. * * If we are in the same or an ancestor user_ns and have all the target * task's capabilities, then ptrace access is allowed. * If we have the ptrace capability to the target user_ns, then ptrace * access is allowed. * Else denied. * * Determine whether a process may access another, returning 0 if permission * granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_ptrace_access_check(struct task_struct *child, unsigned int mode) { int ret = 0; const struct cred *cred, *child_cred; const kernel_cap_t *caller_caps; rcu_read_lock(); cred = current_cred(); child_cred = __task_cred(child); if (mode & PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS) caller_caps = &cred->cap_effective; else caller_caps = &cred->cap_permitted; if (cred->user_ns == child_cred->user_ns && cap_issubset(child_cred->cap_permitted, *caller_caps)) goto out; if (ns_capable(child_cred->user_ns, CAP_SYS_PTRACE)) goto out; ret = -EPERM; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * cap_ptrace_traceme - Determine whether another process may trace the current * @parent: The task proposed to be the tracer * * If parent is in the same or an ancestor user_ns and has all current's * capabilities, then ptrace access is allowed. * If parent has the ptrace capability to current's user_ns, then ptrace * access is allowed. * Else denied. * * Determine whether the nominated task is permitted to trace the current * process, returning 0 if permission is granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_ptrace_traceme(struct task_struct *parent) { int ret = 0; const struct cred *cred, *child_cred; rcu_read_lock(); cred = __task_cred(parent); child_cred = current_cred(); if (cred->user_ns == child_cred->user_ns && cap_issubset(child_cred->cap_permitted, cred->cap_permitted)) goto out; if (has_ns_capability(parent, child_cred->user_ns, CAP_SYS_PTRACE)) goto out; ret = -EPERM; out: rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * cap_capget - Retrieve a task's capability sets * @target: The task from which to retrieve the capability sets * @effective: The place to record the effective set * @inheritable: The place to record the inheritable set * @permitted: The place to record the permitted set * * This function retrieves the capabilities of the nominated task and returns * them to the caller. */ int cap_capget(struct task_struct *target, kernel_cap_t *effective, kernel_cap_t *inheritable, kernel_cap_t *permitted) { const struct cred *cred; /* Derived from kernel/capability.c:sys_capget. */ rcu_read_lock(); cred = __task_cred(target); *effective = cred->cap_effective; *inheritable = cred->cap_inheritable; *permitted = cred->cap_permitted; rcu_read_unlock(); return 0; } /* * Determine whether the inheritable capabilities are limited to the old * permitted set. Returns 1 if they are limited, 0 if they are not. */ static inline int cap_inh_is_capped(void) { /* they are so limited unless the current task has the CAP_SETPCAP * capability */ if (cap_capable(current_cred(), current_cred()->user_ns, CAP_SETPCAP, CAP_OPT_NONE) == 0) return 0; return 1; } /** * cap_capset - Validate and apply proposed changes to current's capabilities * @new: The proposed new credentials; alterations should be made here * @old: The current task's current credentials * @effective: A pointer to the proposed new effective capabilities set * @inheritable: A pointer to the proposed new inheritable capabilities set * @permitted: A pointer to the proposed new permitted capabilities set * * This function validates and applies a proposed mass change to the current * process's capability sets. The changes are made to the proposed new * credentials, and assuming no error, will be committed by the caller of LSM. */ int cap_capset(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old, const kernel_cap_t *effective, const kernel_cap_t *inheritable, const kernel_cap_t *permitted) { if (cap_inh_is_capped() && !cap_issubset(*inheritable, cap_combine(old->cap_inheritable, old->cap_permitted))) /* incapable of using this inheritable set */ return -EPERM; if (!cap_issubset(*inheritable, cap_combine(old->cap_inheritable, old->cap_bset))) /* no new pI capabilities outside bounding set */ return -EPERM; /* verify restrictions on target's new Permitted set */ if (!cap_issubset(*permitted, old->cap_permitted)) return -EPERM; /* verify the _new_Effective_ is a subset of the _new_Permitted_ */ if (!cap_issubset(*effective, *permitted)) return -EPERM; new->cap_effective = *effective; new->cap_inheritable = *inheritable; new->cap_permitted = *permitted; /* * Mask off ambient bits that are no longer both permitted and * inheritable. */ new->cap_ambient = cap_intersect(new->cap_ambient, cap_intersect(*permitted, *inheritable)); if (WARN_ON(!cap_ambient_invariant_ok(new))) return -EINVAL; return 0; } /** * cap_inode_need_killpriv - Determine if inode change affects privileges * @dentry: The inode/dentry in being changed with change marked ATTR_KILL_PRIV * * Determine if an inode having a change applied that's marked ATTR_KILL_PRIV * affects the security markings on that inode, and if it is, should * inode_killpriv() be invoked or the change rejected. * * Returns 1 if security.capability has a value, meaning inode_killpriv() * is required, 0 otherwise, meaning inode_killpriv() is not required. */ int cap_inode_need_killpriv(struct dentry *dentry) { struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); int error; error = __vfs_getxattr(dentry, inode, XATTR_NAME_CAPS, NULL, 0); return error > 0; } /** * cap_inode_killpriv - Erase the security markings on an inode * @dentry: The inode/dentry to alter * * Erase the privilege-enhancing security markings on an inode. * * Returns 0 if successful, -ve on error. */ int cap_inode_killpriv(struct dentry *dentry) { int error; error = __vfs_removexattr(dentry, XATTR_NAME_CAPS); if (error == -EOPNOTSUPP) error = 0; return error; } static bool rootid_owns_currentns(kuid_t kroot) { struct user_namespace *ns; if (!uid_valid(kroot)) return false; for (ns = current_user_ns(); ; ns = ns->parent) { if (from_kuid(ns, kroot) == 0) return true; if (ns == &init_user_ns) break; } return false; } static __u32 sansflags(__u32 m) { return m & ~VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE; } static bool is_v2header(size_t size, const struct vfs_cap_data *cap) { if (size != XATTR_CAPS_SZ_2) return false; return sansflags(le32_to_cpu(cap->magic_etc)) == VFS_CAP_REVISION_2; } static bool is_v3header(size_t size, const struct vfs_cap_data *cap) { if (size != XATTR_CAPS_SZ_3) return false; return sansflags(le32_to_cpu(cap->magic_etc)) == VFS_CAP_REVISION_3; } /* * getsecurity: We are called for security.* before any attempt to read the * xattr from the inode itself. * * This gives us a chance to read the on-disk value and convert it. If we * return -EOPNOTSUPP, then vfs_getxattr() will call the i_op handler. * * Note we are not called by vfs_getxattr_alloc(), but that is only called * by the integrity subsystem, which really wants the unconverted values - * so that's good. */ int cap_inode_getsecurity(struct inode *inode, const char *name, void **buffer, bool alloc) { int size, ret; kuid_t kroot; u32 nsmagic, magic; uid_t root, mappedroot; char *tmpbuf = NULL; struct vfs_cap_data *cap; struct vfs_ns_cap_data *nscap = NULL; struct dentry *dentry; struct user_namespace *fs_ns; if (strcmp(name, "capability") != 0) return -EOPNOTSUPP; dentry = d_find_any_alias(inode); if (!dentry) return -EINVAL; size = sizeof(struct vfs_ns_cap_data); ret = (int) vfs_getxattr_alloc(dentry, XATTR_NAME_CAPS, &tmpbuf, size, GFP_NOFS); dput(dentry); if (ret < 0 || !tmpbuf) return ret; fs_ns = inode->i_sb->s_user_ns; cap = (struct vfs_cap_data *) tmpbuf; if (is_v2header((size_t) ret, cap)) { root = 0; } else if (is_v3header((size_t) ret, cap)) { nscap = (struct vfs_ns_cap_data *) tmpbuf; root = le32_to_cpu(nscap->rootid); } else { size = -EINVAL; goto out_free; } kroot = make_kuid(fs_ns, root); /* If the root kuid maps to a valid uid in current ns, then return * this as a nscap. */ mappedroot = from_kuid(current_user_ns(), kroot); if (mappedroot != (uid_t)-1 && mappedroot != (uid_t)0) { size = sizeof(struct vfs_ns_cap_data); if (alloc) { if (!nscap) { /* v2 -> v3 conversion */ nscap = kzalloc(size, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!nscap) { size = -ENOMEM; goto out_free; } nsmagic = VFS_CAP_REVISION_3; magic = le32_to_cpu(cap->magic_etc); if (magic & VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE) nsmagic |= VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE; memcpy(&nscap->data, &cap->data, sizeof(__le32) * 2 * VFS_CAP_U32); nscap->magic_etc = cpu_to_le32(nsmagic); } else { /* use allocated v3 buffer */ tmpbuf = NULL; } nscap->rootid = cpu_to_le32(mappedroot); *buffer = nscap; } goto out_free; } if (!rootid_owns_currentns(kroot)) { size = -EOVERFLOW; goto out_free; } /* This comes from a parent namespace. Return as a v2 capability */ size = sizeof(struct vfs_cap_data); if (alloc) { if (nscap) { /* v3 -> v2 conversion */ cap = kzalloc(size, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!cap) { size = -ENOMEM; goto out_free; } magic = VFS_CAP_REVISION_2; nsmagic = le32_to_cpu(nscap->magic_etc); if (nsmagic & VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE) magic |= VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE; memcpy(&cap->data, &nscap->data, sizeof(__le32) * 2 * VFS_CAP_U32); cap->magic_etc = cpu_to_le32(magic); } else { /* use unconverted v2 */ tmpbuf = NULL; } *buffer = cap; } out_free: kfree(tmpbuf); return size; } static kuid_t rootid_from_xattr(const void *value, size_t size, struct user_namespace *task_ns) { const struct vfs_ns_cap_data *nscap = value; uid_t rootid = 0; if (size == XATTR_CAPS_SZ_3) rootid = le32_to_cpu(nscap->rootid); return make_kuid(task_ns, rootid); } static bool validheader(size_t size, const struct vfs_cap_data *cap) { return is_v2header(size, cap) || is_v3header(size, cap); } /* * User requested a write of security.capability. If needed, update the * xattr to change from v2 to v3, or to fixup the v3 rootid. * * If all is ok, we return the new size, on error return < 0. */ int cap_convert_nscap(struct dentry *dentry, void **ivalue, size_t size) { struct vfs_ns_cap_data *nscap; uid_t nsrootid; const struct vfs_cap_data *cap = *ivalue; __u32 magic, nsmagic; struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); struct user_namespace *task_ns = current_user_ns(), *fs_ns = inode->i_sb->s_user_ns; kuid_t rootid; size_t newsize; if (!*ivalue) return -EINVAL; if (!validheader(size, cap)) return -EINVAL; if (!capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_SETFCAP)) return -EPERM; if (size == XATTR_CAPS_SZ_2) if (ns_capable(inode->i_sb->s_user_ns, CAP_SETFCAP)) /* user is privileged, just write the v2 */ return size; rootid = rootid_from_xattr(*ivalue, size, task_ns); if (!uid_valid(rootid)) return -EINVAL; nsrootid = from_kuid(fs_ns, rootid); if (nsrootid == -1) return -EINVAL; newsize = sizeof(struct vfs_ns_cap_data); nscap = kmalloc(newsize, GFP_ATOMIC); if (!nscap) return -ENOMEM; nscap->rootid = cpu_to_le32(nsrootid); nsmagic = VFS_CAP_REVISION_3; magic = le32_to_cpu(cap->magic_etc); if (magic & VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE) nsmagic |= VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE; nscap->magic_etc = cpu_to_le32(nsmagic); memcpy(&nscap->data, &cap->data, sizeof(__le32) * 2 * VFS_CAP_U32); kvfree(*ivalue); *ivalue = nscap; return newsize; } /* * Calculate the new process capability sets from the capability sets attached * to a file. */ static inline int bprm_caps_from_vfs_caps(struct cpu_vfs_cap_data *caps, struct linux_binprm *bprm, bool *effective, bool *has_fcap) { struct cred *new = bprm->cred; unsigned i; int ret = 0; if (caps->magic_etc & VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE) *effective = true; if (caps->magic_etc & VFS_CAP_REVISION_MASK) *has_fcap = true; CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(i) { __u32 permitted = caps->permitted.cap[i]; __u32 inheritable = caps->inheritable.cap[i]; /* * pP' = (X & fP) | (pI & fI) * The addition of pA' is handled later. */ new->cap_permitted.cap[i] = (new->cap_bset.cap[i] & permitted) | (new->cap_inheritable.cap[i] & inheritable); if (permitted & ~new->cap_permitted.cap[i]) /* insufficient to execute correctly */ ret = -EPERM; } /* * For legacy apps, with no internal support for recognizing they * do not have enough capabilities, we return an error if they are * missing some "forced" (aka file-permitted) capabilities. */ return *effective ? ret : 0; } /* * Extract the on-exec-apply capability sets for an executable file. */ int get_vfs_caps_from_disk(const struct dentry *dentry, struct cpu_vfs_cap_data *cpu_caps) { struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); __u32 magic_etc; unsigned tocopy, i; int size; struct vfs_ns_cap_data data, *nscaps = &data; struct vfs_cap_data *caps = (struct vfs_cap_data *) &data; kuid_t rootkuid; struct user_namespace *fs_ns; memset(cpu_caps, 0, sizeof(struct cpu_vfs_cap_data)); if (!inode) return -ENODATA; fs_ns = inode->i_sb->s_user_ns; size = __vfs_getxattr((struct dentry *)dentry, inode, XATTR_NAME_CAPS, &data, XATTR_CAPS_SZ); if (size == -ENODATA || size == -EOPNOTSUPP) /* no data, that's ok */ return -ENODATA; if (size < 0) return size; if (size < sizeof(magic_etc)) return -EINVAL; cpu_caps->magic_etc = magic_etc = le32_to_cpu(caps->magic_etc); rootkuid = make_kuid(fs_ns, 0); switch (magic_etc & VFS_CAP_REVISION_MASK) { case VFS_CAP_REVISION_1: if (size != XATTR_CAPS_SZ_1) return -EINVAL; tocopy = VFS_CAP_U32_1; break; case VFS_CAP_REVISION_2: if (size != XATTR_CAPS_SZ_2) return -EINVAL; tocopy = VFS_CAP_U32_2; break; case VFS_CAP_REVISION_3: if (size != XATTR_CAPS_SZ_3) return -EINVAL; tocopy = VFS_CAP_U32_3; rootkuid = make_kuid(fs_ns, le32_to_cpu(nscaps->rootid)); break; default: return -EINVAL; } /* Limit the caps to the mounter of the filesystem * or the more limited uid specified in the xattr. */ if (!rootid_owns_currentns(rootkuid)) return -ENODATA; CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(i) { if (i >= tocopy) break; cpu_caps->permitted.cap[i] = le32_to_cpu(caps->data[i].permitted); cpu_caps->inheritable.cap[i] = le32_to_cpu(caps->data[i].inheritable); } cpu_caps->permitted.cap[CAP_LAST_U32] &= CAP_LAST_U32_VALID_MASK; cpu_caps->inheritable.cap[CAP_LAST_U32] &= CAP_LAST_U32_VALID_MASK; cpu_caps->rootid = rootkuid; return 0; } /* * Attempt to get the on-exec apply capability sets for an executable file from * its xattrs and, if present, apply them to the proposed credentials being * constructed by execve(). */ static int get_file_caps(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct file *file, bool *effective, bool *has_fcap) { int rc = 0; struct cpu_vfs_cap_data vcaps; cap_clear(bprm->cred->cap_permitted); if (!file_caps_enabled) return 0; if (!mnt_may_suid(file->f_path.mnt)) return 0; /* * This check is redundant with mnt_may_suid() but is kept to make * explicit that capability bits are limited to s_user_ns and its * descendants. */ if (!current_in_userns(file->f_path.mnt->mnt_sb->s_user_ns)) return 0; rc = get_vfs_caps_from_disk(file->f_path.dentry, &vcaps); if (rc < 0) { if (rc == -EINVAL) printk(KERN_NOTICE "Invalid argument reading file caps for %s\n", bprm->filename); else if (rc == -ENODATA) rc = 0; goto out; } rc = bprm_caps_from_vfs_caps(&vcaps, bprm, effective, has_fcap); out: if (rc) cap_clear(bprm->cred->cap_permitted); return rc; } static inline bool root_privileged(void) { return !issecure(SECURE_NOROOT); } static inline bool __is_real(kuid_t uid, struct cred *cred) { return uid_eq(cred->uid, uid); } static inline bool __is_eff(kuid_t uid, struct cred *cred) { return uid_eq(cred->euid, uid); } static inline bool __is_suid(kuid_t uid, struct cred *cred) { return !__is_real(uid, cred) && __is_eff(uid, cred); } /* * handle_privileged_root - Handle case of privileged root * @bprm: The execution parameters, including the proposed creds * @has_fcap: Are any file capabilities set? * @effective: Do we have effective root privilege? * @root_uid: This namespace' root UID WRT initial USER namespace * * Handle the case where root is privileged and hasn't been neutered by * SECURE_NOROOT. If file capabilities are set, they won't be combined with * set UID root and nothing is changed. If we are root, cap_permitted is * updated. If we have become set UID root, the effective bit is set. */ static void handle_privileged_root(struct linux_binprm *bprm, bool has_fcap, bool *effective, kuid_t root_uid) { const struct cred *old = current_cred(); struct cred *new = bprm->cred; if (!root_privileged()) return; /* * If the legacy file capability is set, then don't set privs * for a setuid root binary run by a non-root user. Do set it * for a root user just to cause least surprise to an admin. */ if (has_fcap && __is_suid(root_uid, new)) { warn_setuid_and_fcaps_mixed(bprm->filename); return; } /* * To support inheritance of root-permissions and suid-root * executables under compatibility mode, we override the * capability sets for the file. */ if (__is_eff(root_uid, new) || __is_real(root_uid, new)) { /* pP' = (cap_bset & ~0) | (pI & ~0) */ new->cap_permitted = cap_combine(old->cap_bset, old->cap_inheritable); } /* * If only the real uid is 0, we do not set the effective bit. */ if (__is_eff(root_uid, new)) *effective = true; } #define __cap_gained(field, target, source) \ !cap_issubset(target->cap_##field, source->cap_##field) #define __cap_grew(target, source, cred) \ !cap_issubset(cred->cap_##target, cred->cap_##source) #define __cap_full(field, cred) \ cap_issubset(CAP_FULL_SET, cred->cap_##field) static inline bool __is_setuid(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { return !uid_eq(new->euid, old->uid); } static inline bool __is_setgid(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { return !gid_eq(new->egid, old->gid); } /* * 1) Audit candidate if current->cap_effective is set * * We do not bother to audit if 3 things are true: * 1) cap_effective has all caps * 2) we became root *OR* are were already root * 3) root is supposed to have all caps (SECURE_NOROOT) * Since this is just a normal root execing a process. * * Number 1 above might fail if you don't have a full bset, but I think * that is interesting information to audit. * * A number of other conditions require logging: * 2) something prevented setuid root getting all caps * 3) non-setuid root gets fcaps * 4) non-setuid root gets ambient */ static inline bool nonroot_raised_pE(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old, kuid_t root, bool has_fcap) { bool ret = false; if ((__cap_grew(effective, ambient, new) && !(__cap_full(effective, new) && (__is_eff(root, new) || __is_real(root, new)) && root_privileged())) || (root_privileged() && __is_suid(root, new) && !__cap_full(effective, new)) || (!__is_setuid(new, old) && ((has_fcap && __cap_gained(permitted, new, old)) || __cap_gained(ambient, new, old)))) ret = true; return ret; } /** * cap_bprm_creds_from_file - Set up the proposed credentials for execve(). * @bprm: The execution parameters, including the proposed creds * @file: The file to pull the credentials from * * Set up the proposed credentials for a new execution context being * constructed by execve(). The proposed creds in @bprm->cred is altered, * which won't take effect immediately. Returns 0 if successful, -ve on error. */ int cap_bprm_creds_from_file(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct file *file) { /* Process setpcap binaries and capabilities for uid 0 */ const struct cred *old = current_cred(); struct cred *new = bprm->cred; bool effective = false, has_fcap = false, is_setid; int ret; kuid_t root_uid; if (WARN_ON(!cap_ambient_invariant_ok(old))) return -EPERM; ret = get_file_caps(bprm, file, &effective, &has_fcap); if (ret < 0) return ret; root_uid = make_kuid(new->user_ns, 0); handle_privileged_root(bprm, has_fcap, &effective, root_uid); /* if we have fs caps, clear dangerous personality flags */ if (__cap_gained(permitted, new, old)) bprm->per_clear |= PER_CLEAR_ON_SETID; /* Don't let someone trace a set[ug]id/setpcap binary with the revised * credentials unless they have the appropriate permit. * * In addition, if NO_NEW_PRIVS, then ensure we get no new privs. */ is_setid = __is_setuid(new, old) || __is_setgid(new, old); if ((is_setid || __cap_gained(permitted, new, old)) && ((bprm->unsafe & ~LSM_UNSAFE_PTRACE) || !ptracer_capable(current, new->user_ns))) { /* downgrade; they get no more than they had, and maybe less */ if (!ns_capable(new->user_ns, CAP_SETUID) || (bprm->unsafe & LSM_UNSAFE_NO_NEW_PRIVS)) { new->euid = new->uid; new->egid = new->gid; } new->cap_permitted = cap_intersect(new->cap_permitted, old->cap_permitted); } new->suid = new->fsuid = new->euid; new->sgid = new->fsgid = new->egid; /* File caps or setid cancels ambient. */ if (has_fcap || is_setid) cap_clear(new->cap_ambient); /* * Now that we've computed pA', update pP' to give: * pP' = (X & fP) | (pI & fI) | pA' */ new->cap_permitted = cap_combine(new->cap_permitted, new->cap_ambient); /* * Set pE' = (fE ? pP' : pA'). Because pA' is zero if fE is set, * this is the same as pE' = (fE ? pP' : 0) | pA'. */ if (effective) new->cap_effective = new->cap_permitted; else new->cap_effective = new->cap_ambient; if (WARN_ON(!cap_ambient_invariant_ok(new))) return -EPERM; if (nonroot_raised_pE(new, old, root_uid, has_fcap)) { ret = audit_log_bprm_fcaps(bprm, new, old); if (ret < 0) return ret; } new->securebits &= ~issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS); if (WARN_ON(!cap_ambient_invariant_ok(new))) return -EPERM; /* Check for privilege-elevated exec. */ if (is_setid || (!__is_real(root_uid, new) && (effective || __cap_grew(permitted, ambient, new)))) bprm->secureexec = 1; return 0; } /** * cap_inode_setxattr - Determine whether an xattr may be altered * @dentry: The inode/dentry being altered * @name: The name of the xattr to be changed * @value: The value that the xattr will be changed to * @size: The size of value * @flags: The replacement flag * * Determine whether an xattr may be altered or set on an inode, returning 0 if * permission is granted, -ve if denied. * * This is used to make sure security xattrs don't get updated or set by those * who aren't privileged to do so. */ int cap_inode_setxattr(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns; /* Ignore non-security xattrs */ if (strncmp(name, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX_LEN) != 0) return 0; /* * For XATTR_NAME_CAPS the check will be done in * cap_convert_nscap(), called by setxattr() */ if (strcmp(name, XATTR_NAME_CAPS) == 0) return 0; if (!ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; return 0; } /** * cap_inode_removexattr - Determine whether an xattr may be removed * @dentry: The inode/dentry being altered * @name: The name of the xattr to be changed * * Determine whether an xattr may be removed from an inode, returning 0 if * permission is granted, -ve if denied. * * This is used to make sure security xattrs don't get removed by those who * aren't privileged to remove them. */ int cap_inode_removexattr(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = dentry->d_sb->s_user_ns; /* Ignore non-security xattrs */ if (strncmp(name, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX_LEN) != 0) return 0; if (strcmp(name, XATTR_NAME_CAPS) == 0) { /* security.capability gets namespaced */ struct inode *inode = d_backing_inode(dentry); if (!inode) return -EINVAL; if (!capable_wrt_inode_uidgid(inode, CAP_SETFCAP)) return -EPERM; return 0; } if (!ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; return 0; } /* * cap_emulate_setxuid() fixes the effective / permitted capabilities of * a process after a call to setuid, setreuid, or setresuid. * * 1) When set*uiding _from_ one of {r,e,s}uid == 0 _to_ all of * {r,e,s}uid != 0, the permitted and effective capabilities are * cleared. * * 2) When set*uiding _from_ euid == 0 _to_ euid != 0, the effective * capabilities of the process are cleared. * * 3) When set*uiding _from_ euid != 0 _to_ euid == 0, the effective * capabilities are set to the permitted capabilities. * * fsuid is handled elsewhere. fsuid == 0 and {r,e,s}uid!= 0 should * never happen. * * -astor * * cevans - New behaviour, Oct '99 * A process may, via prctl(), elect to keep its capabilities when it * calls setuid() and switches away from uid==0. Both permitted and * effective sets will be retained. * Without this change, it was impossible for a daemon to drop only some * of its privilege. The call to setuid(!=0) would drop all privileges! * Keeping uid 0 is not an option because uid 0 owns too many vital * files.. * Thanks to Olaf Kirch and Peter Benie for spotting this. */ static inline void cap_emulate_setxuid(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old) { kuid_t root_uid = make_kuid(old->user_ns, 0); if ((uid_eq(old->uid, root_uid) || uid_eq(old->euid, root_uid) || uid_eq(old->suid, root_uid)) && (!uid_eq(new->uid, root_uid) && !uid_eq(new->euid, root_uid) && !uid_eq(new->suid, root_uid))) { if (!issecure(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS)) { cap_clear(new->cap_permitted); cap_clear(new->cap_effective); } /* * Pre-ambient programs expect setresuid to nonroot followed * by exec to drop capabilities. We should make sure that * this remains the case. */ cap_clear(new->cap_ambient); } if (uid_eq(old->euid, root_uid) && !uid_eq(new->euid, root_uid)) cap_clear(new->cap_effective); if (!uid_eq(old->euid, root_uid) && uid_eq(new->euid, root_uid)) new->cap_effective = new->cap_permitted; } /** * cap_task_fix_setuid - Fix up the results of setuid() call * @new: The proposed credentials * @old: The current task's current credentials * @flags: Indications of what has changed * * Fix up the results of setuid() call before the credential changes are * actually applied, returning 0 to grant the changes, -ve to deny them. */ int cap_task_fix_setuid(struct cred *new, const struct cred *old, int flags) { switch (flags) { case LSM_SETID_RE: case LSM_SETID_ID: case LSM_SETID_RES: /* juggle the capabilities to follow [RES]UID changes unless * otherwise suppressed */ if (!issecure(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP)) cap_emulate_setxuid(new, old); break; case LSM_SETID_FS: /* juggle the capabilties to follow FSUID changes, unless * otherwise suppressed * * FIXME - is fsuser used for all CAP_FS_MASK capabilities? * if not, we might be a bit too harsh here. */ if (!issecure(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP)) { kuid_t root_uid = make_kuid(old->user_ns, 0); if (uid_eq(old->fsuid, root_uid) && !uid_eq(new->fsuid, root_uid)) new->cap_effective = cap_drop_fs_set(new->cap_effective); if (!uid_eq(old->fsuid, root_uid) && uid_eq(new->fsuid, root_uid)) new->cap_effective = cap_raise_fs_set(new->cap_effective, new->cap_permitted); } break; default: return -EINVAL; } return 0; } /* * Rationale: code calling task_setscheduler, task_setioprio, and * task_setnice, assumes that * . if capable(cap_sys_nice), then those actions should be allowed * . if not capable(cap_sys_nice), but acting on your own processes, * then those actions should be allowed * This is insufficient now since you can call code without suid, but * yet with increased caps. * So we check for increased caps on the target process. */ static int cap_safe_nice(struct task_struct *p) { int is_subset, ret = 0; rcu_read_lock(); is_subset = cap_issubset(__task_cred(p)->cap_permitted, current_cred()->cap_permitted); if (!is_subset && !ns_capable(__task_cred(p)->user_ns, CAP_SYS_NICE)) ret = -EPERM; rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } /** * cap_task_setscheduler - Detemine if scheduler policy change is permitted * @p: The task to affect * * Detemine if the requested scheduler policy change is permitted for the * specified task, returning 0 if permission is granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_task_setscheduler(struct task_struct *p) { return cap_safe_nice(p); } /** * cap_task_ioprio - Detemine if I/O priority change is permitted * @p: The task to affect * @ioprio: The I/O priority to set * * Detemine if the requested I/O priority change is permitted for the specified * task, returning 0 if permission is granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_task_setioprio(struct task_struct *p, int ioprio) { return cap_safe_nice(p); } /** * cap_task_ioprio - Detemine if task priority change is permitted * @p: The task to affect * @nice: The nice value to set * * Detemine if the requested task priority change is permitted for the * specified task, returning 0 if permission is granted, -ve if denied. */ int cap_task_setnice(struct task_struct *p, int nice) { return cap_safe_nice(p); } /* * Implement PR_CAPBSET_DROP. Attempt to remove the specified capability from * the current task's bounding set. Returns 0 on success, -ve on error. */ static int cap_prctl_drop(unsigned long cap) { struct cred *new; if (!ns_capable(current_user_ns(), CAP_SETPCAP)) return -EPERM; if (!cap_valid(cap)) return -EINVAL; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; cap_lower(new->cap_bset, cap); return commit_creds(new); } /** * cap_task_prctl - Implement process control functions for this security module * @option: The process control function requested * @arg2, @arg3, @arg4, @arg5: The argument data for this function * * Allow process control functions (sys_prctl()) to alter capabilities; may * also deny access to other functions not otherwise implemented here. * * Returns 0 or +ve on success, -ENOSYS if this function is not implemented * here, other -ve on error. If -ENOSYS is returned, sys_prctl() and other LSM * modules will consider performing the function. */ int cap_task_prctl(int option, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3, unsigned long arg4, unsigned long arg5) { const struct cred *old = current_cred(); struct cred *new; switch (option) { case PR_CAPBSET_READ: if (!cap_valid(arg2)) return -EINVAL; return !!cap_raised(old->cap_bset, arg2); case PR_CAPBSET_DROP: return cap_prctl_drop(arg2); /* * The next four prctl's remain to assist with transitioning a * system from legacy UID=0 based privilege (when filesystem * capabilities are not in use) to a system using filesystem * capabilities only - as the POSIX.1e draft intended. * * Note: * * PR_SET_SECUREBITS = * issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS_LOCKED) * | issecure_mask(SECURE_NOROOT) * | issecure_mask(SECURE_NOROOT_LOCKED) * | issecure_mask(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP) * | issecure_mask(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP_LOCKED) * * will ensure that the current process and all of its * children will be locked into a pure * capability-based-privilege environment. */ case PR_SET_SECUREBITS: if ((((old->securebits & SECURE_ALL_LOCKS) >> 1) & (old->securebits ^ arg2)) /*[1]*/ || ((old->securebits & SECURE_ALL_LOCKS & ~arg2)) /*[2]*/ || (arg2 & ~(SECURE_ALL_LOCKS | SECURE_ALL_BITS)) /*[3]*/ || (cap_capable(current_cred(), current_cred()->user_ns, CAP_SETPCAP, CAP_OPT_NONE) != 0) /*[4]*/ /* * [1] no changing of bits that are locked * [2] no unlocking of locks * [3] no setting of unsupported bits * [4] doing anything requires privilege (go read about * the "sendmail capabilities bug") */ ) /* cannot change a locked bit */ return -EPERM; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; new->securebits = arg2; return commit_creds(new); case PR_GET_SECUREBITS: return old->securebits; case PR_GET_KEEPCAPS: return !!issecure(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS); case PR_SET_KEEPCAPS: if (arg2 > 1) /* Note, we rely on arg2 being unsigned here */ return -EINVAL; if (issecure(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS_LOCKED)) return -EPERM; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; if (arg2) new->securebits |= issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS); else new->securebits &= ~issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS); return commit_creds(new); case PR_CAP_AMBIENT: if (arg2 == PR_CAP_AMBIENT_CLEAR_ALL) { if (arg3 | arg4 | arg5) return -EINVAL; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; cap_clear(new->cap_ambient); return commit_creds(new); } if (((!cap_valid(arg3)) | arg4 | arg5)) return -EINVAL; if (arg2 == PR_CAP_AMBIENT_IS_SET) { return !!cap_raised(current_cred()->cap_ambient, arg3); } else if (arg2 != PR_CAP_AMBIENT_RAISE && arg2 != PR_CAP_AMBIENT_LOWER) { return -EINVAL; } else { if (arg2 == PR_CAP_AMBIENT_RAISE && (!cap_raised(current_cred()->cap_permitted, arg3) || !cap_raised(current_cred()->cap_inheritable, arg3) || issecure(SECURE_NO_CAP_AMBIENT_RAISE))) return -EPERM; new = prepare_creds(); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; if (arg2 == PR_CAP_AMBIENT_RAISE) cap_raise(new->cap_ambient, arg3); else cap_lower(new->cap_ambient, arg3); return commit_creds(new); } default: /* No functionality available - continue with default */ return -ENOSYS; } } /** * cap_vm_enough_memory - Determine whether a new virtual mapping is permitted * @mm: The VM space in which the new mapping is to be made * @pages: The size of the mapping * * Determine whether the allocation of a new virtual mapping by the current * task is permitted, returning 1 if permission is granted, 0 if not. */ int cap_vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages) { int cap_sys_admin = 0; if (cap_capable(current_cred(), &init_user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN, CAP_OPT_NOAUDIT) == 0) cap_sys_admin = 1; return cap_sys_admin; } /* * cap_mmap_addr - check if able to map given addr * @addr: address attempting to be mapped * * If the process is attempting to map memory below dac_mmap_min_addr they need * CAP_SYS_RAWIO. The other parameters to this function are unused by the * capability security module. Returns 0 if this mapping should be allowed * -EPERM if not. */ int cap_mmap_addr(unsigned long addr) { int ret = 0; if (addr < dac_mmap_min_addr) { ret = cap_capable(current_cred(), &init_user_ns, CAP_SYS_RAWIO, CAP_OPT_NONE); /* set PF_SUPERPRIV if it turns out we allow the low mmap */ if (ret == 0) current->flags |= PF_SUPERPRIV; } return ret; } int cap_mmap_file(struct file *file, unsigned long reqprot, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags) { return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY static struct security_hook_list capability_hooks[] __lsm_ro_after_init = { LSM_HOOK_INIT(capable, cap_capable), LSM_HOOK_INIT(settime, cap_settime), LSM_HOOK_INIT(ptrace_access_check, cap_ptrace_access_check), LSM_HOOK_INIT(ptrace_traceme, cap_ptrace_traceme), LSM_HOOK_INIT(capget, cap_capget), LSM_HOOK_INIT(capset, cap_capset), LSM_HOOK_INIT(bprm_creds_from_file, cap_bprm_creds_from_file), LSM_HOOK_INIT(inode_need_killpriv, cap_inode_need_killpriv), LSM_HOOK_INIT(inode_killpriv, cap_inode_killpriv), LSM_HOOK_INIT(inode_getsecurity, cap_inode_getsecurity), LSM_HOOK_INIT(mmap_addr, cap_mmap_addr), LSM_HOOK_INIT(mmap_file, cap_mmap_file), LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_fix_setuid, cap_task_fix_setuid), LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_prctl, cap_task_prctl), LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_setscheduler, cap_task_setscheduler), LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_setioprio, cap_task_setioprio), LSM_HOOK_INIT(task_setnice, cap_task_setnice), LSM_HOOK_INIT(vm_enough_memory, cap_vm_enough_memory), }; static int __init capability_init(void) { security_add_hooks(capability_hooks, ARRAY_SIZE(capability_hooks), "capability"); return 0; } DEFINE_LSM(capability) = { .name = "capability", .order = LSM_ORDER_FIRST, .init = capability_init, }; #endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_USER_NAMESPACE_H #define _LINUX_USER_NAMESPACE_H #include <linux/kref.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/ns_common.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/err.h> #define UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS 5 #define UID_GID_MAP_MAX_EXTENTS 340 struct uid_gid_extent { u32 first; u32 lower_first; u32 count; }; struct uid_gid_map { /* 64 bytes -- 1 cache line */ u32 nr_extents; union { struct uid_gid_extent extent[UID_GID_MAP_MAX_BASE_EXTENTS]; struct { struct uid_gid_extent *forward; struct uid_gid_extent *reverse; }; }; }; #define USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED 1UL #define USERNS_INIT_FLAGS USERNS_SETGROUPS_ALLOWED struct ucounts; enum ucount_type { UCOUNT_USER_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_PID_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_UTS_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_IPC_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_NET_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_MNT_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_CGROUP_NAMESPACES, UCOUNT_TIME_NAMESPACES, #ifdef CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER UCOUNT_INOTIFY_INSTANCES, UCOUNT_INOTIFY_WATCHES, #endif UCOUNT_COUNTS, }; struct user_namespace { struct uid_gid_map uid_map; struct uid_gid_map gid_map; struct uid_gid_map projid_map; atomic_t count; struct user_namespace *parent; int level; kuid_t owner; kgid_t group; struct ns_common ns; unsigned long flags; /* parent_could_setfcap: true if the creator if this ns had CAP_SETFCAP * in its effective capability set at the child ns creation time. */ bool parent_could_setfcap; #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS /* List of joinable keyrings in this namespace. Modification access of * these pointers is controlled by keyring_sem. Once * user_keyring_register is set, it won't be changed, so it can be * accessed directly with READ_ONCE(). */ struct list_head keyring_name_list; struct key *user_keyring_register; struct rw_semaphore keyring_sem; #endif /* Register of per-UID persistent keyrings for this namespace */ #ifdef CONFIG_PERSISTENT_KEYRINGS struct key *persistent_keyring_register; #endif struct work_struct work; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table_set set; struct ctl_table_header *sysctls; #endif struct ucounts *ucounts; int ucount_max[UCOUNT_COUNTS]; } __randomize_layout; struct ucounts { struct hlist_node node; struct user_namespace *ns; kuid_t uid; int count; atomic_t ucount[UCOUNT_COUNTS]; }; extern struct user_namespace init_user_ns; bool setup_userns_sysctls(struct user_namespace *ns); void retire_userns_sysctls(struct user_namespace *ns); struct ucounts *inc_ucount(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid, enum ucount_type type); void dec_ucount(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type); #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS static inline struct user_namespace *get_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { if (ns) atomic_inc(&ns->count); return ns; } extern int create_user_ns(struct cred *new); extern int unshare_userns(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct cred **new_cred); extern void __put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns); static inline void put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { if (ns && atomic_dec_and_test(&ns->count)) __put_user_ns(ns); } struct seq_operations; extern const struct seq_operations proc_uid_seq_operations; extern const struct seq_operations proc_gid_seq_operations; extern const struct seq_operations proc_projid_seq_operations; extern ssize_t proc_uid_map_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t proc_gid_map_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t proc_projid_map_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern ssize_t proc_setgroups_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); extern int proc_setgroups_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v); extern bool userns_may_setgroups(const struct user_namespace *ns); extern bool in_userns(const struct user_namespace *ancestor, const struct user_namespace *child); extern bool current_in_userns(const struct user_namespace *target_ns); struct ns_common *ns_get_owner(struct ns_common *ns); #else static inline struct user_namespace *get_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { return &init_user_ns; } static inline int create_user_ns(struct cred *new) { return -EINVAL; } static inline int unshare_userns(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct cred **new_cred) { if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWUSER) return -EINVAL; return 0; } static inline void put_user_ns(struct user_namespace *ns) { } static inline bool userns_may_setgroups(const struct user_namespace *ns) { return true; } static inline bool in_userns(const struct user_namespace *ancestor, const struct user_namespace *child) { return true; } static inline bool current_in_userns(const struct user_namespace *target_ns) { return true; } static inline struct ns_common *ns_get_owner(struct ns_common *ns) { return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_USER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_JIFFIES_H #define _LINUX_JIFFIES_H #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/math64.h> #include <linux/minmax.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/timex.h> #include <vdso/jiffies.h> #include <asm/param.h> /* for HZ */ #include <generated/timeconst.h> /* * The following defines establish the engineering parameters of the PLL * model. The HZ variable establishes the timer interrupt frequency, 100 Hz * for the SunOS kernel, 256 Hz for the Ultrix kernel and 1024 Hz for the * OSF/1 kernel. The SHIFT_HZ define expresses the same value as the * nearest power of two in order to avoid hardware multiply operations. */ #if HZ >= 12 && HZ < 24 # define SHIFT_HZ 4 #elif HZ >= 24 && HZ < 48 # define SHIFT_HZ 5 #elif HZ >= 48 && HZ < 96 # define SHIFT_HZ 6 #elif HZ >= 96 && HZ < 192 # define SHIFT_HZ 7 #elif HZ >= 192 && HZ < 384 # define SHIFT_HZ 8 #elif HZ >= 384 && HZ < 768 # define SHIFT_HZ 9 #elif HZ >= 768 && HZ < 1536 # define SHIFT_HZ 10 #elif HZ >= 1536 && HZ < 3072 # define SHIFT_HZ 11 #elif HZ >= 3072 && HZ < 6144 # define SHIFT_HZ 12 #elif HZ >= 6144 && HZ < 12288 # define SHIFT_HZ 13 #else # error Invalid value of HZ. #endif /* Suppose we want to divide two numbers NOM and DEN: NOM/DEN, then we can * improve accuracy by shifting LSH bits, hence calculating: * (NOM << LSH) / DEN * This however means trouble for large NOM, because (NOM << LSH) may no * longer fit in 32 bits. The following way of calculating this gives us * some slack, under the following conditions: * - (NOM / DEN) fits in (32 - LSH) bits. * - (NOM % DEN) fits in (32 - LSH) bits. */ #define SH_DIV(NOM,DEN,LSH) ( (((NOM) / (DEN)) << (LSH)) \ + ((((NOM) % (DEN)) << (LSH)) + (DEN) / 2) / (DEN)) /* LATCH is used in the interval timer and ftape setup. */ #define LATCH ((CLOCK_TICK_RATE + HZ/2) / HZ) /* For divider */ extern int register_refined_jiffies(long clock_tick_rate); /* TICK_USEC is the time between ticks in usec assuming SHIFTED_HZ */ #define TICK_USEC ((USEC_PER_SEC + HZ/2) / HZ) /* USER_TICK_USEC is the time between ticks in usec assuming fake USER_HZ */ #define USER_TICK_USEC ((1000000UL + USER_HZ/2) / USER_HZ) #ifndef __jiffy_arch_data #define __jiffy_arch_data #endif /* * The 64-bit value is not atomic - you MUST NOT read it * without sampling the sequence number in jiffies_lock. * get_jiffies_64() will do this for you as appropriate. */ extern u64 __cacheline_aligned_in_smp jiffies_64; extern unsigned long volatile __cacheline_aligned_in_smp __jiffy_arch_data jiffies; #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64) u64 get_jiffies_64(void); #else static inline u64 get_jiffies_64(void) { return (u64)jiffies; } #endif /* * These inlines deal with timer wrapping correctly. You are * strongly encouraged to use them * 1. Because people otherwise forget * 2. Because if the timer wrap changes in future you won't have to * alter your driver code. * * time_after(a,b) returns true if the time a is after time b. * * Do this with "<0" and ">=0" to only test the sign of the result. A * good compiler would generate better code (and a really good compiler * wouldn't care). Gcc is currently neither. */ #define time_after(a,b) \ (typecheck(unsigned long, a) && \ typecheck(unsigned long, b) && \ ((long)((b) - (a)) < 0)) #define time_before(a,b) time_after(b,a) #define time_after_eq(a,b) \ (typecheck(unsigned long, a) && \ typecheck(unsigned long, b) && \ ((long)((a) - (b)) >= 0)) #define time_before_eq(a,b) time_after_eq(b,a) /* * Calculate whether a is in the range of [b, c]. */ #define time_in_range(a,b,c) \ (time_after_eq(a,b) && \ time_before_eq(a,c)) /* * Calculate whether a is in the range of [b, c). */ #define time_in_range_open(a,b,c) \ (time_after_eq(a,b) && \ time_before(a,c)) /* Same as above, but does so with platform independent 64bit types. * These must be used when utilizing jiffies_64 (i.e. return value of * get_jiffies_64() */ #define time_after64(a,b) \ (typecheck(__u64, a) && \ typecheck(__u64, b) && \ ((__s64)((b) - (a)) < 0)) #define time_before64(a,b) time_after64(b,a) #define time_after_eq64(a,b) \ (typecheck(__u64, a) && \ typecheck(__u64, b) && \ ((__s64)((a) - (b)) >= 0)) #define time_before_eq64(a,b) time_after_eq64(b,a) #define time_in_range64(a, b, c) \ (time_after_eq64(a, b) && \ time_before_eq64(a, c)) /* * These four macros compare jiffies and 'a' for convenience. */ /* time_is_before_jiffies(a) return true if a is before jiffies */ #define time_is_before_jiffies(a) time_after(jiffies, a) #define time_is_before_jiffies64(a) time_after64(get_jiffies_64(), a) /* time_is_after_jiffies(a) return true if a is after jiffies */ #define time_is_after_jiffies(a) time_before(jiffies, a) #define time_is_after_jiffies64(a) time_before64(get_jiffies_64(), a) /* time_is_before_eq_jiffies(a) return true if a is before or equal to jiffies*/ #define time_is_before_eq_jiffies(a) time_after_eq(jiffies, a) #define time_is_before_eq_jiffies64(a) time_after_eq64(get_jiffies_64(), a) /* time_is_after_eq_jiffies(a) return true if a is after or equal to jiffies*/ #define time_is_after_eq_jiffies(a) time_before_eq(jiffies, a) #define time_is_after_eq_jiffies64(a) time_before_eq64(get_jiffies_64(), a) /* * Have the 32 bit jiffies value wrap 5 minutes after boot * so jiffies wrap bugs show up earlier. */ #define INITIAL_JIFFIES ((unsigned long)(unsigned int) (-300*HZ)) /* * Change timeval to jiffies, trying to avoid the * most obvious overflows.. * * And some not so obvious. * * Note that we don't want to return LONG_MAX, because * for various timeout reasons we often end up having * to wait "jiffies+1" in order to guarantee that we wait * at _least_ "jiffies" - so "jiffies+1" had better still * be positive. */ #define MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET ((LONG_MAX >> 1)-1) extern unsigned long preset_lpj; /* * We want to do realistic conversions of time so we need to use the same * values the update wall clock code uses as the jiffies size. This value * is: TICK_NSEC (which is defined in timex.h). This * is a constant and is in nanoseconds. We will use scaled math * with a set of scales defined here as SEC_JIFFIE_SC, USEC_JIFFIE_SC and * NSEC_JIFFIE_SC. Note that these defines contain nothing but * constants and so are computed at compile time. SHIFT_HZ (computed in * timex.h) adjusts the scaling for different HZ values. * Scaled math??? What is that? * * Scaled math is a way to do integer math on values that would, * otherwise, either overflow, underflow, or cause undesired div * instructions to appear in the execution path. In short, we "scale" * up the operands so they take more bits (more precision, less * underflow), do the desired operation and then "scale" the result back * by the same amount. If we do the scaling by shifting we avoid the * costly mpy and the dastardly div instructions. * Suppose, for example, we want to convert from seconds to jiffies * where jiffies is defined in nanoseconds as NSEC_PER_JIFFIE. The * simple math is: jiff = (sec * NSEC_PER_SEC) / NSEC_PER_JIFFIE; We * observe that (NSEC_PER_SEC / NSEC_PER_JIFFIE) is a constant which we * might calculate at compile time, however, the result will only have * about 3-4 bits of precision (less for smaller values of HZ). * * So, we scale as follows: * jiff = (sec) * (NSEC_PER_SEC / NSEC_PER_JIFFIE); * jiff = ((sec) * ((NSEC_PER_SEC * SCALE)/ NSEC_PER_JIFFIE)) / SCALE; * Then we make SCALE a power of two so: * jiff = ((sec) * ((NSEC_PER_SEC << SCALE)/ NSEC_PER_JIFFIE)) >> SCALE; * Now we define: * #define SEC_CONV = ((NSEC_PER_SEC << SCALE)/ NSEC_PER_JIFFIE)) * jiff = (sec * SEC_CONV) >> SCALE; * * Often the math we use will expand beyond 32-bits so we tell C how to * do this and pass the 64-bit result of the mpy through the ">> SCALE" * which should take the result back to 32-bits. We want this expansion * to capture as much precision as possible. At the same time we don't * want to overflow so we pick the SCALE to avoid this. In this file, * that means using a different scale for each range of HZ values (as * defined in timex.h). * * For those who want to know, gcc will give a 64-bit result from a "*" * operator if the result is a long long AND at least one of the * operands is cast to long long (usually just prior to the "*" so as * not to confuse it into thinking it really has a 64-bit operand, * which, buy the way, it can do, but it takes more code and at least 2 * mpys). * We also need to be aware that one second in nanoseconds is only a * couple of bits away from overflowing a 32-bit word, so we MUST use * 64-bits to get the full range time in nanoseconds. */ /* * Here are the scales we will use. One for seconds, nanoseconds and * microseconds. * * Within the limits of cpp we do a rough cut at the SEC_JIFFIE_SC and * check if the sign bit is set. If not, we bump the shift count by 1. * (Gets an extra bit of precision where we can use it.) * We know it is set for HZ = 1024 and HZ = 100 not for 1000. * Haven't tested others. * Limits of cpp (for #if expressions) only long (no long long), but * then we only need the most signicant bit. */ #define SEC_JIFFIE_SC (31 - SHIFT_HZ) #if !((((NSEC_PER_SEC << 2) / TICK_NSEC) << (SEC_JIFFIE_SC - 2)) & 0x80000000) #undef SEC_JIFFIE_SC #define SEC_JIFFIE_SC (32 - SHIFT_HZ) #endif #define NSEC_JIFFIE_SC (SEC_JIFFIE_SC + 29) #define SEC_CONVERSION ((unsigned long)((((u64)NSEC_PER_SEC << SEC_JIFFIE_SC) +\ TICK_NSEC -1) / (u64)TICK_NSEC)) #define NSEC_CONVERSION ((unsigned long)((((u64)1 << NSEC_JIFFIE_SC) +\ TICK_NSEC -1) / (u64)TICK_NSEC)) /* * The maximum jiffie value is (MAX_INT >> 1). Here we translate that * into seconds. The 64-bit case will overflow if we are not careful, * so use the messy SH_DIV macro to do it. Still all constants. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG < 64 # define MAX_SEC_IN_JIFFIES \ (long)((u64)((u64)MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET * TICK_NSEC) / NSEC_PER_SEC) #else /* take care of overflow on 64 bits machines */ # define MAX_SEC_IN_JIFFIES \ (SH_DIV((MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET >> SEC_JIFFIE_SC) * TICK_NSEC, NSEC_PER_SEC, 1) - 1) #endif /* * Convert various time units to each other: */ extern unsigned int jiffies_to_msecs(const unsigned long j); extern unsigned int jiffies_to_usecs(const unsigned long j); static inline u64 jiffies_to_nsecs(const unsigned long j) { return (u64)jiffies_to_usecs(j) * NSEC_PER_USEC; } extern u64 jiffies64_to_nsecs(u64 j); extern u64 jiffies64_to_msecs(u64 j); extern unsigned long __msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m); #if HZ <= MSEC_PER_SEC && !(MSEC_PER_SEC % HZ) /* * HZ is equal to or smaller than 1000, and 1000 is a nice round * multiple of HZ, divide with the factor between them, but round * upwards: */ static inline unsigned long _msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m) { return (m + (MSEC_PER_SEC / HZ) - 1) / (MSEC_PER_SEC / HZ); } #elif HZ > MSEC_PER_SEC && !(HZ % MSEC_PER_SEC) /* * HZ is larger than 1000, and HZ is a nice round multiple of 1000 - * simply multiply with the factor between them. * * But first make sure the multiplication result cannot overflow: */ static inline unsigned long _msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m) { if (m > jiffies_to_msecs(MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET)) return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; return m * (HZ / MSEC_PER_SEC); } #else /* * Generic case - multiply, round and divide. But first check that if * we are doing a net multiplication, that we wouldn't overflow: */ static inline unsigned long _msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m) { if (HZ > MSEC_PER_SEC && m > jiffies_to_msecs(MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET)) return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; return (MSEC_TO_HZ_MUL32 * m + MSEC_TO_HZ_ADJ32) >> MSEC_TO_HZ_SHR32; } #endif /** * msecs_to_jiffies: - convert milliseconds to jiffies * @m: time in milliseconds * * conversion is done as follows: * * - negative values mean 'infinite timeout' (MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET) * * - 'too large' values [that would result in larger than * MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET values] mean 'infinite timeout' too. * * - all other values are converted to jiffies by either multiplying * the input value by a factor or dividing it with a factor and * handling any 32-bit overflows. * for the details see __msecs_to_jiffies() * * msecs_to_jiffies() checks for the passed in value being a constant * via __builtin_constant_p() allowing gcc to eliminate most of the * code, __msecs_to_jiffies() is called if the value passed does not * allow constant folding and the actual conversion must be done at * runtime. * the HZ range specific helpers _msecs_to_jiffies() are called both * directly here and from __msecs_to_jiffies() in the case where * constant folding is not possible. */ static __always_inline unsigned long msecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int m) { if (__builtin_constant_p(m)) { if ((int)m < 0) return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; return _msecs_to_jiffies(m); } else { return __msecs_to_jiffies(m); } } extern unsigned long __usecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int u); #if !(USEC_PER_SEC % HZ) static inline unsigned long _usecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int u) { return (u + (USEC_PER_SEC / HZ) - 1) / (USEC_PER_SEC / HZ); } #else static inline unsigned long _usecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int u) { return (USEC_TO_HZ_MUL32 * u + USEC_TO_HZ_ADJ32) >> USEC_TO_HZ_SHR32; } #endif /** * usecs_to_jiffies: - convert microseconds to jiffies * @u: time in microseconds * * conversion is done as follows: * * - 'too large' values [that would result in larger than * MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET values] mean 'infinite timeout' too. * * - all other values are converted to jiffies by either multiplying * the input value by a factor or dividing it with a factor and * handling any 32-bit overflows as for msecs_to_jiffies. * * usecs_to_jiffies() checks for the passed in value being a constant * via __builtin_constant_p() allowing gcc to eliminate most of the * code, __usecs_to_jiffies() is called if the value passed does not * allow constant folding and the actual conversion must be done at * runtime. * the HZ range specific helpers _usecs_to_jiffies() are called both * directly here and from __msecs_to_jiffies() in the case where * constant folding is not possible. */ static __always_inline unsigned long usecs_to_jiffies(const unsigned int u) { if (__builtin_constant_p(u)) { if (u > jiffies_to_usecs(MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET)) return MAX_JIFFY_OFFSET; return _usecs_to_jiffies(u); } else { return __usecs_to_jiffies(u); } } extern unsigned long timespec64_to_jiffies(const struct timespec64 *value); extern void jiffies_to_timespec64(const unsigned long jiffies, struct timespec64 *value); extern clock_t jiffies_to_clock_t(unsigned long x); static inline clock_t jiffies_delta_to_clock_t(long delta) { return jiffies_to_clock_t(max(0L, delta)); } static inline unsigned int jiffies_delta_to_msecs(long delta) { return jiffies_to_msecs(max(0L, delta)); } extern unsigned long clock_t_to_jiffies(unsigned long x); extern u64 jiffies_64_to_clock_t(u64 x); extern u64 nsec_to_clock_t(u64 x); extern u64 nsecs_to_jiffies64(u64 n); extern unsigned long nsecs_to_jiffies(u64 n); #define TIMESTAMP_SIZE 30 #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Functions used by both the SCSI initiator code and the SCSI target code. */ #ifndef _SCSI_COMMON_H_ #define _SCSI_COMMON_H_ #include <linux/types.h> #include <scsi/scsi_proto.h> static inline unsigned scsi_varlen_cdb_length(const void *hdr) { return ((struct scsi_varlen_cdb_hdr *)hdr)->additional_cdb_length + 8; } extern const unsigned char scsi_command_size_tbl[8]; #define COMMAND_SIZE(opcode) scsi_command_size_tbl[((opcode) >> 5) & 7] static inline unsigned scsi_command_size(const unsigned char *cmnd) { return (cmnd[0] == VARIABLE_LENGTH_CMD) ? scsi_varlen_cdb_length(cmnd) : COMMAND_SIZE(cmnd[0]); } static inline unsigned char scsi_command_control(const unsigned char *cmnd) { return (cmnd[0] == VARIABLE_LENGTH_CMD) ? cmnd[1] : cmnd[COMMAND_SIZE(cmnd[0]) - 1]; } /* Returns a human-readable name for the device */ extern const char *scsi_device_type(unsigned type); extern void int_to_scsilun(u64, struct scsi_lun *); extern u64 scsilun_to_int(struct scsi_lun *); /* * This is a slightly modified SCSI sense "descriptor" format header. * The addition is to allow the 0x70 and 0x71 response codes. The idea * is to place the salient data from either "fixed" or "descriptor" sense * format into one structure to ease application processing. * * The original sense buffer should be kept around for those cases * in which more information is required (e.g. the LBA of a MEDIUM ERROR). */ struct scsi_sense_hdr { /* See SPC-3 section 4.5 */ u8 response_code; /* permit: 0x0, 0x70, 0x71, 0x72, 0x73 */ u8 sense_key; u8 asc; u8 ascq; u8 byte4; u8 byte5; u8 byte6; u8 additional_length; /* always 0 for fixed sense format */ }; static inline bool scsi_sense_valid(const struct scsi_sense_hdr *sshdr) { if (!sshdr) return false; return (sshdr->response_code & 0x70) == 0x70; } extern bool scsi_normalize_sense(const u8 *sense_buffer, int sb_len, struct scsi_sense_hdr *sshdr); extern void scsi_build_sense_buffer(int desc, u8 *buf, u8 key, u8 asc, u8 ascq); int scsi_set_sense_information(u8 *buf, int buf_len, u64 info); int scsi_set_sense_field_pointer(u8 *buf, int buf_len, u16 fp, u8 bp, bool cd); extern const u8 * scsi_sense_desc_find(const u8 * sense_buffer, int sb_len, int desc_type); #endif /* _SCSI_COMMON_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * include/linux/eventpoll.h ( Efficient event polling implementation ) * Copyright (C) 2001,...,2006 Davide Libenzi * * Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org> */ #ifndef _LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H #define _LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H #include <uapi/linux/eventpoll.h> #include <uapi/linux/kcmp.h> /* Forward declarations to avoid compiler errors */ struct file; #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL #ifdef CONFIG_KCMP struct file *get_epoll_tfile_raw_ptr(struct file *file, int tfd, unsigned long toff); #endif /* Used to initialize the epoll bits inside the "struct file" */ static inline void eventpoll_init_file(struct file *file) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&file->f_ep_links); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&file->f_tfile_llink); } /* Used to release the epoll bits inside the "struct file" */ void eventpoll_release_file(struct file *file); /* * This is called from inside fs/file_table.c:__fput() to unlink files * from the eventpoll interface. We need to have this facility to cleanup * correctly files that are closed without being removed from the eventpoll * interface. */ static inline void eventpoll_release(struct file *file) { /* * Fast check to avoid the get/release of the semaphore. Since * we're doing this outside the semaphore lock, it might return * false negatives, but we don't care. It'll help in 99.99% of cases * to avoid the semaphore lock. False positives simply cannot happen * because the file in on the way to be removed and nobody ( but * eventpoll ) has still a reference to this file. */ if (likely(list_empty(&file->f_ep_links))) return; /* * The file is being closed while it is still linked to an epoll * descriptor. We need to handle this by correctly unlinking it * from its containers. */ eventpoll_release_file(file); } int do_epoll_ctl(int epfd, int op, int fd, struct epoll_event *epds, bool nonblock); /* Tells if the epoll_ctl(2) operation needs an event copy from userspace */ static inline int ep_op_has_event(int op) { return op != EPOLL_CTL_DEL; } #else static inline void eventpoll_init_file(struct file *file) {} static inline void eventpoll_release(struct file *file) {} #endif #endif /* #ifndef _LINUX_EVENTPOLL_H */
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6621 6622 6623 6624 6625 6626 6627 6628 /* * Generic process-grouping system. * * Based originally on the cpuset system, extracted by Paul Menage * Copyright (C) 2006 Google, Inc * * Notifications support * Copyright (C) 2009 Nokia Corporation * Author: Kirill A. Shutemov * * Copyright notices from the original cpuset code: * -------------------------------------------------- * Copyright (C) 2003 BULL SA. * Copyright (C) 2004-2006 Silicon Graphics, Inc. * * Portions derived from Patrick Mochel's sysfs code. * sysfs is Copyright (c) 2001-3 Patrick Mochel * * 2003-10-10 Written by Simon Derr. * 2003-10-22 Updates by Stephen Hemminger. * 2004 May-July Rework by Paul Jackson. * --------------------------------------------------- * * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux * distribution for more details. */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include "cgroup-internal.h" #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <linux/init_task.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/hashtable.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fs_parser.h> #include <linux/sched/cputime.h> #include <linux/psi.h> #include <net/sock.h> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/cgroup.h> #define CGROUP_FILE_NAME_MAX (MAX_CGROUP_TYPE_NAMELEN + \ MAX_CFTYPE_NAME + 2) /* let's not notify more than 100 times per second */ #define CGROUP_FILE_NOTIFY_MIN_INTV DIV_ROUND_UP(HZ, 100) /* * cgroup_mutex is the master lock. Any modification to cgroup or its * hierarchy must be performed while holding it. * * css_set_lock protects task->cgroups pointer, the list of css_set * objects, and the chain of tasks off each css_set. * * These locks are exported if CONFIG_PROVE_RCU so that accessors in * cgroup.h can use them for lockdep annotations. */ DEFINE_MUTEX(cgroup_mutex); DEFINE_SPINLOCK(css_set_lock); #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cgroup_mutex); EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(css_set_lock); #endif DEFINE_SPINLOCK(trace_cgroup_path_lock); char trace_cgroup_path[TRACE_CGROUP_PATH_LEN]; bool cgroup_debug __read_mostly; /* * Protects cgroup_idr and css_idr so that IDs can be released without * grabbing cgroup_mutex. */ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(cgroup_idr_lock); /* * Protects cgroup_file->kn for !self csses. It synchronizes notifications * against file removal/re-creation across css hiding. */ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(cgroup_file_kn_lock); DEFINE_PERCPU_RWSEM(cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem); #define cgroup_assert_mutex_or_rcu_locked() \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held() && \ !lockdep_is_held(&cgroup_mutex), \ "cgroup_mutex or RCU read lock required"); /* * cgroup destruction makes heavy use of work items and there can be a lot * of concurrent destructions. Use a separate workqueue so that cgroup * destruction work items don't end up filling up max_active of system_wq * which may lead to deadlock. */ static struct workqueue_struct *cgroup_destroy_wq; /* generate an array of cgroup subsystem pointers */ #define SUBSYS(_x) [_x ## _cgrp_id] = &_x ## _cgrp_subsys, struct cgroup_subsys *cgroup_subsys[] = { #include <linux/cgroup_subsys.h> }; #undef SUBSYS /* array of cgroup subsystem names */ #define SUBSYS(_x) [_x ## _cgrp_id] = #_x, static const char *cgroup_subsys_name[] = { #include <linux/cgroup_subsys.h> }; #undef SUBSYS /* array of static_keys for cgroup_subsys_enabled() and cgroup_subsys_on_dfl() */ #define SUBSYS(_x) \ DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(_x ## _cgrp_subsys_enabled_key); \ DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_TRUE(_x ## _cgrp_subsys_on_dfl_key); \ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(_x ## _cgrp_subsys_enabled_key); \ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(_x ## _cgrp_subsys_on_dfl_key); #include <linux/cgroup_subsys.h> #undef SUBSYS #define SUBSYS(_x) [_x ## _cgrp_id] = &_x ## _cgrp_subsys_enabled_key, static struct static_key_true *cgroup_subsys_enabled_key[] = { #include <linux/cgroup_subsys.h> }; #undef SUBSYS #define SUBSYS(_x) [_x ## _cgrp_id] = &_x ## _cgrp_subsys_on_dfl_key, static struct static_key_true *cgroup_subsys_on_dfl_key[] = { #include <linux/cgroup_subsys.h> }; #undef SUBSYS static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct cgroup_rstat_cpu, cgrp_dfl_root_rstat_cpu); /* the default hierarchy */ struct cgroup_root cgrp_dfl_root = { .cgrp.rstat_cpu = &cgrp_dfl_root_rstat_cpu }; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cgrp_dfl_root); /* * The default hierarchy always exists but is hidden until mounted for the * first time. This is for backward compatibility. */ static bool cgrp_dfl_visible; /* some controllers are not supported in the default hierarchy */ static u16 cgrp_dfl_inhibit_ss_mask; /* some controllers are implicitly enabled on the default hierarchy */ static u16 cgrp_dfl_implicit_ss_mask; /* some controllers can be threaded on the default hierarchy */ static u16 cgrp_dfl_threaded_ss_mask; /* The list of hierarchy roots */ LIST_HEAD(cgroup_roots); static int cgroup_root_count; /* hierarchy ID allocation and mapping, protected by cgroup_mutex */ static DEFINE_IDR(cgroup_hierarchy_idr); /* * Assign a monotonically increasing serial number to csses. It guarantees * cgroups with bigger numbers are newer than those with smaller numbers. * Also, as csses are always appended to the parent's ->children list, it * guarantees that sibling csses are always sorted in the ascending serial * number order on the list. Protected by cgroup_mutex. */ static u64 css_serial_nr_next = 1; /* * These bitmasks identify subsystems with specific features to avoid * having to do iterative checks repeatedly. */ static u16 have_fork_callback __read_mostly; static u16 have_exit_callback __read_mostly; static u16 have_release_callback __read_mostly; static u16 have_canfork_callback __read_mostly; /* cgroup namespace for init task */ struct cgroup_namespace init_cgroup_ns = { .count = REFCOUNT_INIT(2), .user_ns = &init_user_ns, .ns.ops = &cgroupns_operations, .ns.inum = PROC_CGROUP_INIT_INO, .root_cset = &init_css_set, }; static struct file_system_type cgroup2_fs_type; static struct cftype cgroup_base_files[]; static int cgroup_apply_control(struct cgroup *cgrp); static void cgroup_finalize_control(struct cgroup *cgrp, int ret); static void css_task_iter_skip(struct css_task_iter *it, struct task_struct *task); static int cgroup_destroy_locked(struct cgroup *cgrp); static struct cgroup_subsys_state *css_create(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cgroup_subsys *ss); static void css_release(struct percpu_ref *ref); static void kill_css(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css); static int cgroup_addrm_files(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype cfts[], bool is_add); /** * cgroup_ssid_enabled - cgroup subsys enabled test by subsys ID * @ssid: subsys ID of interest * * cgroup_subsys_enabled() can only be used with literal subsys names which * is fine for individual subsystems but unsuitable for cgroup core. This * is slower static_key_enabled() based test indexed by @ssid. */ bool cgroup_ssid_enabled(int ssid) { if (CGROUP_SUBSYS_COUNT == 0) return false; return static_key_enabled(cgroup_subsys_enabled_key[ssid]); } /** * cgroup_on_dfl - test whether a cgroup is on the default hierarchy * @cgrp: the cgroup of interest * * The default hierarchy is the v2 interface of cgroup and this function * can be used to test whether a cgroup is on the default hierarchy for * cases where a subsystem should behave differnetly depending on the * interface version. * * List of changed behaviors: * * - Mount options "noprefix", "xattr", "clone_children", "release_agent" * and "name" are disallowed. * * - When mounting an existing superblock, mount options should match. * * - Remount is disallowed. * * - rename(2) is disallowed. * * - "tasks" is removed. Everything should be at process granularity. Use * "cgroup.procs" instead. * * - "cgroup.procs" is not sorted. pids will be unique unless they got * recycled inbetween reads. * * - "release_agent" and "notify_on_release" are removed. Replacement * notification mechanism will be implemented. * * - "cgroup.clone_children" is removed. * * - "cgroup.subtree_populated" is available. Its value is 0 if the cgroup * and its descendants contain no task; otherwise, 1. The file also * generates kernfs notification which can be monitored through poll and * [di]notify when the value of the file changes. * * - cpuset: tasks will be kept in empty cpusets when hotplug happens and * take masks of ancestors with non-empty cpus/mems, instead of being * moved to an ancestor. * * - cpuset: a task can be moved into an empty cpuset, and again it takes * masks of ancestors. * * - memcg: use_hierarchy is on by default and the cgroup file for the flag * is not created. * * - blkcg: blk-throttle becomes properly hierarchical. * * - debug: disallowed on the default hierarchy. */ bool cgroup_on_dfl(const struct cgroup *cgrp) { return cgrp->root == &cgrp_dfl_root; } /* IDR wrappers which synchronize using cgroup_idr_lock */ static int cgroup_idr_alloc(struct idr *idr, void *ptr, int start, int end, gfp_t gfp_mask) { int ret; idr_preload(gfp_mask); spin_lock_bh(&cgroup_idr_lock); ret = idr_alloc(idr, ptr, start, end, gfp_mask & ~__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM); spin_unlock_bh(&cgroup_idr_lock); idr_preload_end(); return ret; } static void *cgroup_idr_replace(struct idr *idr, void *ptr, int id) { void *ret; spin_lock_bh(&cgroup_idr_lock); ret = idr_replace(idr, ptr, id); spin_unlock_bh(&cgroup_idr_lock); return ret; } static void cgroup_idr_remove(struct idr *idr, int id) { spin_lock_bh(&cgroup_idr_lock); idr_remove(idr, id); spin_unlock_bh(&cgroup_idr_lock); } static bool cgroup_has_tasks(struct cgroup *cgrp) { return cgrp->nr_populated_csets; } bool cgroup_is_threaded(struct cgroup *cgrp) { return cgrp->dom_cgrp != cgrp; } /* can @cgrp host both domain and threaded children? */ static bool cgroup_is_mixable(struct cgroup *cgrp) { /* * Root isn't under domain level resource control exempting it from * the no-internal-process constraint, so it can serve as a thread * root and a parent of resource domains at the same time. */ return !cgroup_parent(cgrp); } /* can @cgrp become a thread root? should always be true for a thread root */ static bool cgroup_can_be_thread_root(struct cgroup *cgrp) { /* mixables don't care */ if (cgroup_is_mixable(cgrp)) return true; /* domain roots can't be nested under threaded */ if (cgroup_is_threaded(cgrp)) return false; /* can only have either domain or threaded children */ if (cgrp->nr_populated_domain_children) return false; /* and no domain controllers can be enabled */ if (cgrp->subtree_control & ~cgrp_dfl_threaded_ss_mask) return false; return true; } /* is @cgrp root of a threaded subtree? */ bool cgroup_is_thread_root(struct cgroup *cgrp) { /* thread root should be a domain */ if (cgroup_is_threaded(cgrp)) return false; /* a domain w/ threaded children is a thread root */ if (cgrp->nr_threaded_children) return true; /* * A domain which has tasks and explicit threaded controllers * enabled is a thread root. */ if (cgroup_has_tasks(cgrp) && (cgrp->subtree_control & cgrp_dfl_threaded_ss_mask)) return true; return false; } /* a domain which isn't connected to the root w/o brekage can't be used */ static bool cgroup_is_valid_domain(struct cgroup *cgrp) { /* the cgroup itself can be a thread root */ if (cgroup_is_threaded(cgrp)) return false; /* but the ancestors can't be unless mixable */ while ((cgrp = cgroup_parent(cgrp))) { if (!cgroup_is_mixable(cgrp) && cgroup_is_thread_root(cgrp)) return false; if (cgroup_is_threaded(cgrp)) return false; } return true; } /* subsystems visibly enabled on a cgroup */ static u16 cgroup_control(struct cgroup *cgrp) { struct cgroup *parent = cgroup_parent(cgrp); u16 root_ss_mask = cgrp->root->subsys_mask; if (parent) { u16 ss_mask = parent->subtree_control; /* threaded cgroups can only have threaded controllers */ if (cgroup_is_threaded(cgrp)) ss_mask &= cgrp_dfl_threaded_ss_mask; return ss_mask; } if (cgroup_on_dfl(cgrp)) root_ss_mask &= ~(cgrp_dfl_inhibit_ss_mask | cgrp_dfl_implicit_ss_mask); return root_ss_mask; } /* subsystems enabled on a cgroup */ static u16 cgroup_ss_mask(struct cgroup *cgrp) { struct cgroup *parent = cgroup_parent(cgrp); if (parent) { u16 ss_mask = parent->subtree_ss_mask; /* threaded cgroups can only have threaded controllers */ if (cgroup_is_threaded(cgrp)) ss_mask &= cgrp_dfl_threaded_ss_mask; return ss_mask; } return cgrp->root->subsys_mask; } /** * cgroup_css - obtain a cgroup's css for the specified subsystem * @cgrp: the cgroup of interest * @ss: the subsystem of interest (%NULL returns @cgrp->self) * * Return @cgrp's css (cgroup_subsys_state) associated with @ss. This * function must be called either under cgroup_mutex or rcu_read_lock() and * the caller is responsible for pinning the returned css if it wants to * keep accessing it outside the said locks. This function may return * %NULL if @cgrp doesn't have @subsys_id enabled. */ static struct cgroup_subsys_state *cgroup_css(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cgroup_subsys *ss) { if (ss) return rcu_dereference_check(cgrp->subsys[ss->id], lockdep_is_held(&cgroup_mutex)); else return &cgrp->self; } /** * cgroup_tryget_css - try to get a cgroup's css for the specified subsystem * @cgrp: the cgroup of interest * @ss: the subsystem of interest * * Find and get @cgrp's css assocaited with @ss. If the css doesn't exist * or is offline, %NULL is returned. */ static struct cgroup_subsys_state *cgroup_tryget_css(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cgroup_subsys *ss) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; rcu_read_lock(); css = cgroup_css(cgrp, ss); if (css && !css_tryget_online(css)) css = NULL; rcu_read_unlock(); return css; } /** * cgroup_e_css_by_mask - obtain a cgroup's effective css for the specified ss * @cgrp: the cgroup of interest * @ss: the subsystem of interest (%NULL returns @cgrp->self) * * Similar to cgroup_css() but returns the effective css, which is defined * as the matching css of the nearest ancestor including self which has @ss * enabled. If @ss is associated with the hierarchy @cgrp is on, this * function is guaranteed to return non-NULL css. */ static struct cgroup_subsys_state *cgroup_e_css_by_mask(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cgroup_subsys *ss) { lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); if (!ss) return &cgrp->self; /* * This function is used while updating css associations and thus * can't test the csses directly. Test ss_mask. */ while (!(cgroup_ss_mask(cgrp) & (1 << ss->id))) { cgrp = cgroup_parent(cgrp); if (!cgrp) return NULL; } return cgroup_css(cgrp, ss); } /** * cgroup_e_css - obtain a cgroup's effective css for the specified subsystem * @cgrp: the cgroup of interest * @ss: the subsystem of interest * * Find and get the effective css of @cgrp for @ss. The effective css is * defined as the matching css of the nearest ancestor including self which * has @ss enabled. If @ss is not mounted on the hierarchy @cgrp is on, * the root css is returned, so this function always returns a valid css. * * The returned css is not guaranteed to be online, and therefore it is the * callers responsiblity to tryget a reference for it. */ struct cgroup_subsys_state *cgroup_e_css(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cgroup_subsys *ss) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; do { css = cgroup_css(cgrp, ss); if (css) return css; cgrp = cgroup_parent(cgrp); } while (cgrp); return init_css_set.subsys[ss->id]; } /** * cgroup_get_e_css - get a cgroup's effective css for the specified subsystem * @cgrp: the cgroup of interest * @ss: the subsystem of interest * * Find and get the effective css of @cgrp for @ss. The effective css is * defined as the matching css of the nearest ancestor including self which * has @ss enabled. If @ss is not mounted on the hierarchy @cgrp is on, * the root css is returned, so this function always returns a valid css. * The returned css must be put using css_put(). */ struct cgroup_subsys_state *cgroup_get_e_css(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cgroup_subsys *ss) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; rcu_read_lock(); do { css = cgroup_css(cgrp, ss); if (css && css_tryget_online(css)) goto out_unlock; cgrp = cgroup_parent(cgrp); } while (cgrp); css = init_css_set.subsys[ss->id]; css_get(css); out_unlock: rcu_read_unlock(); return css; } static void cgroup_get_live(struct cgroup *cgrp) { WARN_ON_ONCE(cgroup_is_dead(cgrp)); css_get(&cgrp->self); } /** * __cgroup_task_count - count the number of tasks in a cgroup. The caller * is responsible for taking the css_set_lock. * @cgrp: the cgroup in question */ int __cgroup_task_count(const struct cgroup *cgrp) { int count = 0; struct cgrp_cset_link *link; lockdep_assert_held(&css_set_lock); list_for_each_entry(link, &cgrp->cset_links, cset_link) count += link->cset->nr_tasks; return count; } /** * cgroup_task_count - count the number of tasks in a cgroup. * @cgrp: the cgroup in question */ int cgroup_task_count(const struct cgroup *cgrp) { int count; spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); count = __cgroup_task_count(cgrp); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); return count; } struct cgroup_subsys_state *of_css(struct kernfs_open_file *of) { struct cgroup *cgrp = of->kn->parent->priv; struct cftype *cft = of_cft(of); /* * This is open and unprotected implementation of cgroup_css(). * seq_css() is only called from a kernfs file operation which has * an active reference on the file. Because all the subsystem * files are drained before a css is disassociated with a cgroup, * the matching css from the cgroup's subsys table is guaranteed to * be and stay valid until the enclosing operation is complete. */ if (cft->ss) return rcu_dereference_raw(cgrp->subsys[cft->ss->id]); else return &cgrp->self; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(of_css); /** * for_each_css - iterate all css's of a cgroup * @css: the iteration cursor * @ssid: the index of the subsystem, CGROUP_SUBSYS_COUNT after reaching the end * @cgrp: the target cgroup to iterate css's of * * Should be called under cgroup_[tree_]mutex. */ #define for_each_css(css, ssid, cgrp) \ for ((ssid) = 0; (ssid) < CGROUP_SUBSYS_COUNT; (ssid)++) \ if (!((css) = rcu_dereference_check( \ (cgrp)->subsys[(ssid)], \ lockdep_is_held(&cgroup_mutex)))) { } \ else /** * for_each_e_css - iterate all effective css's of a cgroup * @css: the iteration cursor * @ssid: the index of the subsystem, CGROUP_SUBSYS_COUNT after reaching the end * @cgrp: the target cgroup to iterate css's of * * Should be called under cgroup_[tree_]mutex. */ #define for_each_e_css(css, ssid, cgrp) \ for ((ssid) = 0; (ssid) < CGROUP_SUBSYS_COUNT; (ssid)++) \ if (!((css) = cgroup_e_css_by_mask(cgrp, \ cgroup_subsys[(ssid)]))) \ ; \ else /** * do_each_subsys_mask - filter for_each_subsys with a bitmask * @ss: the iteration cursor * @ssid: the index of @ss, CGROUP_SUBSYS_COUNT after reaching the end * @ss_mask: the bitmask * * The block will only run for cases where the ssid-th bit (1 << ssid) of * @ss_mask is set. */ #define do_each_subsys_mask(ss, ssid, ss_mask) do { \ unsigned long __ss_mask = (ss_mask); \ if (!CGROUP_SUBSYS_COUNT) { /* to avoid spurious gcc warning */ \ (ssid) = 0; \ break; \ } \ for_each_set_bit(ssid, &__ss_mask, CGROUP_SUBSYS_COUNT) { \ (ss) = cgroup_subsys[ssid]; \ { #define while_each_subsys_mask() \ } \ } \ } while (false) /* iterate over child cgrps, lock should be held throughout iteration */ #define cgroup_for_each_live_child(child, cgrp) \ list_for_each_entry((child), &(cgrp)->self.children, self.sibling) \ if (({ lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); \ cgroup_is_dead(child); })) \ ; \ else /* walk live descendants in preorder */ #define cgroup_for_each_live_descendant_pre(dsct, d_css, cgrp) \ css_for_each_descendant_pre((d_css), cgroup_css((cgrp), NULL)) \ if (({ lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); \ (dsct) = (d_css)->cgroup; \ cgroup_is_dead(dsct); })) \ ; \ else /* walk live descendants in postorder */ #define cgroup_for_each_live_descendant_post(dsct, d_css, cgrp) \ css_for_each_descendant_post((d_css), cgroup_css((cgrp), NULL)) \ if (({ lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); \ (dsct) = (d_css)->cgroup; \ cgroup_is_dead(dsct); })) \ ; \ else /* * The default css_set - used by init and its children prior to any * hierarchies being mounted. It contains a pointer to the root state * for each subsystem. Also used to anchor the list of css_sets. Not * reference-counted, to improve performance when child cgroups * haven't been created. */ struct css_set init_css_set = { .refcount = REFCOUNT_INIT(1), .dom_cset = &init_css_set, .tasks = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_css_set.tasks), .mg_tasks = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_css_set.mg_tasks), .dying_tasks = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_css_set.dying_tasks), .task_iters = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_css_set.task_iters), .threaded_csets = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_css_set.threaded_csets), .cgrp_links = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_css_set.cgrp_links), .mg_preload_node = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_css_set.mg_preload_node), .mg_node = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_css_set.mg_node), /* * The following field is re-initialized when this cset gets linked * in cgroup_init(). However, let's initialize the field * statically too so that the default cgroup can be accessed safely * early during boot. */ .dfl_cgrp = &cgrp_dfl_root.cgrp, }; static int css_set_count = 1; /* 1 for init_css_set */ static bool css_set_threaded(struct css_set *cset) { return cset->dom_cset != cset; } /** * css_set_populated - does a css_set contain any tasks? * @cset: target css_set * * css_set_populated() should be the same as !!cset->nr_tasks at steady * state. However, css_set_populated() can be called while a task is being * added to or removed from the linked list before the nr_tasks is * properly updated. Hence, we can't just look at ->nr_tasks here. */ static bool css_set_populated(struct css_set *cset) { lockdep_assert_held(&css_set_lock); return !list_empty(&cset->tasks) || !list_empty(&cset->mg_tasks); } /** * cgroup_update_populated - update the populated count of a cgroup * @cgrp: the target cgroup * @populated: inc or dec populated count * * One of the css_sets associated with @cgrp is either getting its first * task or losing the last. Update @cgrp->nr_populated_* accordingly. The * count is propagated towards root so that a given cgroup's * nr_populated_children is zero iff none of its descendants contain any * tasks. * * @cgrp's interface file "cgroup.populated" is zero if both * @cgrp->nr_populated_csets and @cgrp->nr_populated_children are zero and * 1 otherwise. When the sum changes from or to zero, userland is notified * that the content of the interface file has changed. This can be used to * detect when @cgrp and its descendants become populated or empty. */ static void cgroup_update_populated(struct cgroup *cgrp, bool populated) { struct cgroup *child = NULL; int adj = populated ? 1 : -1; lockdep_assert_held(&css_set_lock); do { bool was_populated = cgroup_is_populated(cgrp); if (!child) { cgrp->nr_populated_csets += adj; } else { if (cgroup_is_threaded(child)) cgrp->nr_populated_threaded_children += adj; else cgrp->nr_populated_domain_children += adj; } if (was_populated == cgroup_is_populated(cgrp)) break; cgroup1_check_for_release(cgrp); TRACE_CGROUP_PATH(notify_populated, cgrp, cgroup_is_populated(cgrp)); cgroup_file_notify(&cgrp->events_file); child = cgrp; cgrp = cgroup_parent(cgrp); } while (cgrp); } /** * css_set_update_populated - update populated state of a css_set * @cset: target css_set * @populated: whether @cset is populated or depopulated * * @cset is either getting the first task or losing the last. Update the * populated counters of all associated cgroups accordingly. */ static void css_set_update_populated(struct css_set *cset, bool populated) { struct cgrp_cset_link *link; lockdep_assert_held(&css_set_lock); list_for_each_entry(link, &cset->cgrp_links, cgrp_link) cgroup_update_populated(link->cgrp, populated); } /* * @task is leaving, advance task iterators which are pointing to it so * that they can resume at the next position. Advancing an iterator might * remove it from the list, use safe walk. See css_task_iter_skip() for * details. */ static void css_set_skip_task_iters(struct css_set *cset, struct task_struct *task) { struct css_task_iter *it, *pos; list_for_each_entry_safe(it, pos, &cset->task_iters, iters_node) css_task_iter_skip(it, task); } /** * css_set_move_task - move a task from one css_set to another * @task: task being moved * @from_cset: css_set @task currently belongs to (may be NULL) * @to_cset: new css_set @task is being moved to (may be NULL) * @use_mg_tasks: move to @to_cset->mg_tasks instead of ->tasks * * Move @task from @from_cset to @to_cset. If @task didn't belong to any * css_set, @from_cset can be NULL. If @task is being disassociated * instead of moved, @to_cset can be NULL. * * This function automatically handles populated counter updates and * css_task_iter adjustments but the caller is responsible for managing * @from_cset and @to_cset's reference counts. */ static void css_set_move_task(struct task_struct *task, struct css_set *from_cset, struct css_set *to_cset, bool use_mg_tasks) { lockdep_assert_held(&css_set_lock); if (to_cset && !css_set_populated(to_cset)) css_set_update_populated(to_cset, true); if (from_cset) { WARN_ON_ONCE(list_empty(&task->cg_list)); css_set_skip_task_iters(from_cset, task); list_del_init(&task->cg_list); if (!css_set_populated(from_cset)) css_set_update_populated(from_cset, false); } else { WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&task->cg_list)); } if (to_cset) { /* * We are synchronized through cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem * against PF_EXITING setting such that we can't race * against cgroup_exit()/cgroup_free() dropping the css_set. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(task->flags & PF_EXITING); cgroup_move_task(task, to_cset); list_add_tail(&task->cg_list, use_mg_tasks ? &to_cset->mg_tasks : &to_cset->tasks); } } /* * hash table for cgroup groups. This improves the performance to find * an existing css_set. This hash doesn't (currently) take into * account cgroups in empty hierarchies. */ #define CSS_SET_HASH_BITS 7 static DEFINE_HASHTABLE(css_set_table, CSS_SET_HASH_BITS); static unsigned long css_set_hash(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css[]) { unsigned long key = 0UL; struct cgroup_subsys *ss; int i; for_each_subsys(ss, i) key += (unsigned long)css[i]; key = (key >> 16) ^ key; return key; } void put_css_set_locked(struct css_set *cset) { struct cgrp_cset_link *link, *tmp_link; struct cgroup_subsys *ss; int ssid; lockdep_assert_held(&css_set_lock); if (!refcount_dec_and_test(&cset->refcount)) return; WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&cset->threaded_csets)); /* This css_set is dead. unlink it and release cgroup and css refs */ for_each_subsys(ss, ssid) { list_del(&cset->e_cset_node[ssid]); css_put(cset->subsys[ssid]); } hash_del(&cset->hlist); css_set_count--; list_for_each_entry_safe(link, tmp_link, &cset->cgrp_links, cgrp_link) { list_del(&link->cset_link); list_del(&link->cgrp_link); if (cgroup_parent(link->cgrp)) cgroup_put(link->cgrp); kfree(link); } if (css_set_threaded(cset)) { list_del(&cset->threaded_csets_node); put_css_set_locked(cset->dom_cset); } kfree_rcu(cset, rcu_head); } /** * compare_css_sets - helper function for find_existing_css_set(). * @cset: candidate css_set being tested * @old_cset: existing css_set for a task * @new_cgrp: cgroup that's being entered by the task * @template: desired set of css pointers in css_set (pre-calculated) * * Returns true if "cset" matches "old_cset" except for the hierarchy * which "new_cgrp" belongs to, for which it should match "new_cgrp". */ static bool compare_css_sets(struct css_set *cset, struct css_set *old_cset, struct cgroup *new_cgrp, struct cgroup_subsys_state *template[]) { struct cgroup *new_dfl_cgrp; struct list_head *l1, *l2; /* * On the default hierarchy, there can be csets which are * associated with the same set of cgroups but different csses. * Let's first ensure that csses match. */ if (memcmp(template, cset->subsys, sizeof(cset->subsys))) return false; /* @cset's domain should match the default cgroup's */ if (cgroup_on_dfl(new_cgrp)) new_dfl_cgrp = new_cgrp; else new_dfl_cgrp = old_cset->dfl_cgrp; if (new_dfl_cgrp->dom_cgrp != cset->dom_cset->dfl_cgrp) return false; /* * Compare cgroup pointers in order to distinguish between * different cgroups in hierarchies. As different cgroups may * share the same effective css, this comparison is always * necessary. */ l1 = &cset->cgrp_links; l2 = &old_cset->cgrp_links; while (1) { struct cgrp_cset_link *link1, *link2; struct cgroup *cgrp1, *cgrp2; l1 = l1->next; l2 = l2->next; /* See if we reached the end - both lists are equal length. */ if (l1 == &cset->cgrp_links) { BUG_ON(l2 != &old_cset->cgrp_links); break; } else { BUG_ON(l2 == &old_cset->cgrp_links); } /* Locate the cgroups associated with these links. */ link1 = list_entry(l1, struct cgrp_cset_link, cgrp_link); link2 = list_entry(l2, struct cgrp_cset_link, cgrp_link); cgrp1 = link1->cgrp; cgrp2 = link2->cgrp; /* Hierarchies should be linked in the same order. */ BUG_ON(cgrp1->root != cgrp2->root); /* * If this hierarchy is the hierarchy of the cgroup * that's changing, then we need to check that this * css_set points to the new cgroup; if it's any other * hierarchy, then this css_set should point to the * same cgroup as the old css_set. */ if (cgrp1->root == new_cgrp->root) { if (cgrp1 != new_cgrp) return false; } else { if (cgrp1 != cgrp2) return false; } } return true; } /** * find_existing_css_set - init css array and find the matching css_set * @old_cset: the css_set that we're using before the cgroup transition * @cgrp: the cgroup that we're moving into * @template: out param for the new set of csses, should be clear on entry */ static struct css_set *find_existing_css_set(struct css_set *old_cset, struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cgroup_subsys_state *template[]) { struct cgroup_root *root = cgrp->root; struct cgroup_subsys *ss; struct css_set *cset; unsigned long key; int i; /* * Build the set of subsystem state objects that we want to see in the * new css_set. while subsystems can change globally, the entries here * won't change, so no need for locking. */ for_each_subsys(ss, i) { if (root->subsys_mask & (1UL << i)) { /* * @ss is in this hierarchy, so we want the * effective css from @cgrp. */ template[i] = cgroup_e_css_by_mask(cgrp, ss); } else { /* * @ss is not in this hierarchy, so we don't want * to change the css. */ template[i] = old_cset->subsys[i]; } } key = css_set_hash(template); hash_for_each_possible(css_set_table, cset, hlist, key) { if (!compare_css_sets(cset, old_cset, cgrp, template)) continue; /* This css_set matches what we need */ return cset; } /* No existing cgroup group matched */ return NULL; } static void free_cgrp_cset_links(struct list_head *links_to_free) { struct cgrp_cset_link *link, *tmp_link; list_for_each_entry_safe(link, tmp_link, links_to_free, cset_link) { list_del(&link->cset_link); kfree(link); } } /** * allocate_cgrp_cset_links - allocate cgrp_cset_links * @count: the number of links to allocate * @tmp_links: list_head the allocated links are put on * * Allocate @count cgrp_cset_link structures and chain them on @tmp_links * through ->cset_link. Returns 0 on success or -errno. */ static int allocate_cgrp_cset_links(int count, struct list_head *tmp_links) { struct cgrp_cset_link *link; int i; INIT_LIST_HEAD(tmp_links); for (i = 0; i < count; i++) { link = kzalloc(sizeof(*link), GFP_KERNEL); if (!link) { free_cgrp_cset_links(tmp_links); return -ENOMEM; } list_add(&link->cset_link, tmp_links); } return 0; } /** * link_css_set - a helper function to link a css_set to a cgroup * @tmp_links: cgrp_cset_link objects allocated by allocate_cgrp_cset_links() * @cset: the css_set to be linked * @cgrp: the destination cgroup */ static void link_css_set(struct list_head *tmp_links, struct css_set *cset, struct cgroup *cgrp) { struct cgrp_cset_link *link; BUG_ON(list_empty(tmp_links)); if (cgroup_on_dfl(cgrp)) cset->dfl_cgrp = cgrp; link = list_first_entry(tmp_links, struct cgrp_cset_link, cset_link); link->cset = cset; link->cgrp = cgrp; /* * Always add links to the tail of the lists so that the lists are * in choronological order. */ list_move_tail(&link->cset_link, &cgrp->cset_links); list_add_tail(&link->cgrp_link, &cset->cgrp_links); if (cgroup_parent(cgrp)) cgroup_get_live(cgrp); } /** * find_css_set - return a new css_set with one cgroup updated * @old_cset: the baseline css_set * @cgrp: the cgroup to be updated * * Return a new css_set that's equivalent to @old_cset, but with @cgrp * substituted into the appropriate hierarchy. */ static struct css_set *find_css_set(struct css_set *old_cset, struct cgroup *cgrp) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *template[CGROUP_SUBSYS_COUNT] = { }; struct css_set *cset; struct list_head tmp_links; struct cgrp_cset_link *link; struct cgroup_subsys *ss; unsigned long key; int ssid; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); /* First see if we already have a cgroup group that matches * the desired set */ spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); cset = find_existing_css_set(old_cset, cgrp, template); if (cset) get_css_set(cset); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); if (cset) return cset; cset = kzalloc(sizeof(*cset), GFP_KERNEL); if (!cset) return NULL; /* Allocate all the cgrp_cset_link objects that we'll need */ if (allocate_cgrp_cset_links(cgroup_root_count, &tmp_links) < 0) { kfree(cset); return NULL; } refcount_set(&cset->refcount, 1); cset->dom_cset = cset; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cset->tasks); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cset->mg_tasks); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cset->dying_tasks); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cset->task_iters); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cset->threaded_csets); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&cset->hlist); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cset->cgrp_links); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cset->mg_preload_node); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cset->mg_node); /* Copy the set of subsystem state objects generated in * find_existing_css_set() */ memcpy(cset->subsys, template, sizeof(cset->subsys)); spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); /* Add reference counts and links from the new css_set. */ list_for_each_entry(link, &old_cset->cgrp_links, cgrp_link) { struct cgroup *c = link->cgrp; if (c->root == cgrp->root) c = cgrp; link_css_set(&tmp_links, cset, c); } BUG_ON(!list_empty(&tmp_links)); css_set_count++; /* Add @cset to the hash table */ key = css_set_hash(cset->subsys); hash_add(css_set_table, &cset->hlist, key); for_each_subsys(ss, ssid) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = cset->subsys[ssid]; list_add_tail(&cset->e_cset_node[ssid], &css->cgroup->e_csets[ssid]); css_get(css); } spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); /* * If @cset should be threaded, look up the matching dom_cset and * link them up. We first fully initialize @cset then look for the * dom_cset. It's simpler this way and safe as @cset is guaranteed * to stay empty until we return. */ if (cgroup_is_threaded(cset->dfl_cgrp)) { struct css_set *dcset; dcset = find_css_set(cset, cset->dfl_cgrp->dom_cgrp); if (!dcset) { put_css_set(cset); return NULL; } spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); cset->dom_cset = dcset; list_add_tail(&cset->threaded_csets_node, &dcset->threaded_csets); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); } return cset; } struct cgroup_root *cgroup_root_from_kf(struct kernfs_root *kf_root) { struct cgroup *root_cgrp = kf_root->kn->priv; return root_cgrp->root; } static int cgroup_init_root_id(struct cgroup_root *root) { int id; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); id = idr_alloc_cyclic(&cgroup_hierarchy_idr, root, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL); if (id < 0) return id; root->hierarchy_id = id; return 0; } static void cgroup_exit_root_id(struct cgroup_root *root) { lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); idr_remove(&cgroup_hierarchy_idr, root->hierarchy_id); } void cgroup_free_root(struct cgroup_root *root) { kfree(root); } static void cgroup_destroy_root(struct cgroup_root *root) { struct cgroup *cgrp = &root->cgrp; struct cgrp_cset_link *link, *tmp_link; trace_cgroup_destroy_root(root); cgroup_lock_and_drain_offline(&cgrp_dfl_root.cgrp); BUG_ON(atomic_read(&root->nr_cgrps)); BUG_ON(!list_empty(&cgrp->self.children)); /* Rebind all subsystems back to the default hierarchy */ WARN_ON(rebind_subsystems(&cgrp_dfl_root, root->subsys_mask)); /* * Release all the links from cset_links to this hierarchy's * root cgroup */ spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); list_for_each_entry_safe(link, tmp_link, &cgrp->cset_links, cset_link) { list_del(&link->cset_link); list_del(&link->cgrp_link); kfree(link); } spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); if (!list_empty(&root->root_list)) { list_del(&root->root_list); cgroup_root_count--; } cgroup_exit_root_id(root); mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); kernfs_destroy_root(root->kf_root); cgroup_free_root(root); } /* * look up cgroup associated with current task's cgroup namespace on the * specified hierarchy */ static struct cgroup * current_cgns_cgroup_from_root(struct cgroup_root *root) { struct cgroup *res = NULL; struct css_set *cset; lockdep_assert_held(&css_set_lock); rcu_read_lock(); cset = current->nsproxy->cgroup_ns->root_cset; if (cset == &init_css_set) { res = &root->cgrp; } else if (root == &cgrp_dfl_root) { res = cset->dfl_cgrp; } else { struct cgrp_cset_link *link; list_for_each_entry(link, &cset->cgrp_links, cgrp_link) { struct cgroup *c = link->cgrp; if (c->root == root) { res = c; break; } } } rcu_read_unlock(); BUG_ON(!res); return res; } /* look up cgroup associated with given css_set on the specified hierarchy */ static struct cgroup *cset_cgroup_from_root(struct css_set *cset, struct cgroup_root *root) { struct cgroup *res = NULL; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); lockdep_assert_held(&css_set_lock); if (cset == &init_css_set) { res = &root->cgrp; } else if (root == &cgrp_dfl_root) { res = cset->dfl_cgrp; } else { struct cgrp_cset_link *link; list_for_each_entry(link, &cset->cgrp_links, cgrp_link) { struct cgroup *c = link->cgrp; if (c->root == root) { res = c; break; } } } BUG_ON(!res); return res; } /* * Return the cgroup for "task" from the given hierarchy. Must be * called with cgroup_mutex and css_set_lock held. */ struct cgroup *task_cgroup_from_root(struct task_struct *task, struct cgroup_root *root) { /* * No need to lock the task - since we hold css_set_lock the * task can't change groups. */ return cset_cgroup_from_root(task_css_set(task), root); } /* * A task must hold cgroup_mutex to modify cgroups. * * Any task can increment and decrement the count field without lock. * So in general, code holding cgroup_mutex can't rely on the count * field not changing. However, if the count goes to zero, then only * cgroup_attach_task() can increment it again. Because a count of zero * means that no tasks are currently attached, therefore there is no * way a task attached to that cgroup can fork (the other way to * increment the count). So code holding cgroup_mutex can safely * assume that if the count is zero, it will stay zero. Similarly, if * a task holds cgroup_mutex on a cgroup with zero count, it * knows that the cgroup won't be removed, as cgroup_rmdir() * needs that mutex. * * A cgroup can only be deleted if both its 'count' of using tasks * is zero, and its list of 'children' cgroups is empty. Since all * tasks in the system use _some_ cgroup, and since there is always at * least one task in the system (init, pid == 1), therefore, root cgroup * always has either children cgroups and/or using tasks. So we don't * need a special hack to ensure that root cgroup cannot be deleted. * * P.S. One more locking exception. RCU is used to guard the * update of a tasks cgroup pointer by cgroup_attach_task() */ static struct kernfs_syscall_ops cgroup_kf_syscall_ops; static char *cgroup_file_name(struct cgroup *cgrp, const struct cftype *cft, char *buf) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss = cft->ss; if (cft->ss && !(cft->flags & CFTYPE_NO_PREFIX) && !(cgrp->root->flags & CGRP_ROOT_NOPREFIX)) { const char *dbg = (cft->flags & CFTYPE_DEBUG) ? ".__DEBUG__." : ""; snprintf(buf, CGROUP_FILE_NAME_MAX, "%s%s.%s", dbg, cgroup_on_dfl(cgrp) ? ss->name : ss->legacy_name, cft->name); } else { strscpy(buf, cft->name, CGROUP_FILE_NAME_MAX); } return buf; } /** * cgroup_file_mode - deduce file mode of a control file * @cft: the control file in question * * S_IRUGO for read, S_IWUSR for write. */ static umode_t cgroup_file_mode(const struct cftype *cft) { umode_t mode = 0; if (cft->read_u64 || cft->read_s64 || cft->seq_show) mode |= S_IRUGO; if (cft->write_u64 || cft->write_s64 || cft->write) { if (cft->flags & CFTYPE_WORLD_WRITABLE) mode |= S_IWUGO; else mode |= S_IWUSR; } return mode; } /** * cgroup_calc_subtree_ss_mask - calculate subtree_ss_mask * @subtree_control: the new subtree_control mask to consider * @this_ss_mask: available subsystems * * On the default hierarchy, a subsystem may request other subsystems to be * enabled together through its ->depends_on mask. In such cases, more * subsystems than specified in "cgroup.subtree_control" may be enabled. * * This function calculates which subsystems need to be enabled if * @subtree_control is to be applied while restricted to @this_ss_mask. */ static u16 cgroup_calc_subtree_ss_mask(u16 subtree_control, u16 this_ss_mask) { u16 cur_ss_mask = subtree_control; struct cgroup_subsys *ss; int ssid; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); cur_ss_mask |= cgrp_dfl_implicit_ss_mask; while (true) { u16 new_ss_mask = cur_ss_mask; do_each_subsys_mask(ss, ssid, cur_ss_mask) { new_ss_mask |= ss->depends_on; } while_each_subsys_mask(); /* * Mask out subsystems which aren't available. This can * happen only if some depended-upon subsystems were bound * to non-default hierarchies. */ new_ss_mask &= this_ss_mask; if (new_ss_mask == cur_ss_mask) break; cur_ss_mask = new_ss_mask; } return cur_ss_mask; } /** * cgroup_kn_unlock - unlocking helper for cgroup kernfs methods * @kn: the kernfs_node being serviced * * This helper undoes cgroup_kn_lock_live() and should be invoked before * the method finishes if locking succeeded. Note that once this function * returns the cgroup returned by cgroup_kn_lock_live() may become * inaccessible any time. If the caller intends to continue to access the * cgroup, it should pin it before invoking this function. */ void cgroup_kn_unlock(struct kernfs_node *kn) { struct cgroup *cgrp; if (kernfs_type(kn) == KERNFS_DIR) cgrp = kn->priv; else cgrp = kn->parent->priv; mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); kernfs_unbreak_active_protection(kn); cgroup_put(cgrp); } /** * cgroup_kn_lock_live - locking helper for cgroup kernfs methods * @kn: the kernfs_node being serviced * @drain_offline: perform offline draining on the cgroup * * This helper is to be used by a cgroup kernfs method currently servicing * @kn. It breaks the active protection, performs cgroup locking and * verifies that the associated cgroup is alive. Returns the cgroup if * alive; otherwise, %NULL. A successful return should be undone by a * matching cgroup_kn_unlock() invocation. If @drain_offline is %true, the * cgroup is drained of offlining csses before return. * * Any cgroup kernfs method implementation which requires locking the * associated cgroup should use this helper. It avoids nesting cgroup * locking under kernfs active protection and allows all kernfs operations * including self-removal. */ struct cgroup *cgroup_kn_lock_live(struct kernfs_node *kn, bool drain_offline) { struct cgroup *cgrp; if (kernfs_type(kn) == KERNFS_DIR) cgrp = kn->priv; else cgrp = kn->parent->priv; /* * We're gonna grab cgroup_mutex which nests outside kernfs * active_ref. cgroup liveliness check alone provides enough * protection against removal. Ensure @cgrp stays accessible and * break the active_ref protection. */ if (!cgroup_tryget(cgrp)) return NULL; kernfs_break_active_protection(kn); if (drain_offline) cgroup_lock_and_drain_offline(cgrp); else mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); if (!cgroup_is_dead(cgrp)) return cgrp; cgroup_kn_unlock(kn); return NULL; } static void cgroup_rm_file(struct cgroup *cgrp, const struct cftype *cft) { char name[CGROUP_FILE_NAME_MAX]; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); if (cft->file_offset) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = cgroup_css(cgrp, cft->ss); struct cgroup_file *cfile = (void *)css + cft->file_offset; spin_lock_irq(&cgroup_file_kn_lock); cfile->kn = NULL; spin_unlock_irq(&cgroup_file_kn_lock); del_timer_sync(&cfile->notify_timer); } kernfs_remove_by_name(cgrp->kn, cgroup_file_name(cgrp, cft, name)); } /** * css_clear_dir - remove subsys files in a cgroup directory * @css: taget css */ static void css_clear_dir(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct cgroup *cgrp = css->cgroup; struct cftype *cfts; if (!(css->flags & CSS_VISIBLE)) return; css->flags &= ~CSS_VISIBLE; if (!css->ss) { if (cgroup_on_dfl(cgrp)) cfts = cgroup_base_files; else cfts = cgroup1_base_files; cgroup_addrm_files(css, cgrp, cfts, false); } else { list_for_each_entry(cfts, &css->ss->cfts, node) cgroup_addrm_files(css, cgrp, cfts, false); } } /** * css_populate_dir - create subsys files in a cgroup directory * @css: target css * * On failure, no file is added. */ static int css_populate_dir(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct cgroup *cgrp = css->cgroup; struct cftype *cfts, *failed_cfts; int ret; if ((css->flags & CSS_VISIBLE) || !cgrp->kn) return 0; if (!css->ss) { if (cgroup_on_dfl(cgrp)) cfts = cgroup_base_files; else cfts = cgroup1_base_files; ret = cgroup_addrm_files(&cgrp->self, cgrp, cfts, true); if (ret < 0) return ret; } else { list_for_each_entry(cfts, &css->ss->cfts, node) { ret = cgroup_addrm_files(css, cgrp, cfts, true); if (ret < 0) { failed_cfts = cfts; goto err; } } } css->flags |= CSS_VISIBLE; return 0; err: list_for_each_entry(cfts, &css->ss->cfts, node) { if (cfts == failed_cfts) break; cgroup_addrm_files(css, cgrp, cfts, false); } return ret; } int rebind_subsystems(struct cgroup_root *dst_root, u16 ss_mask) { struct cgroup *dcgrp = &dst_root->cgrp; struct cgroup_subsys *ss; int ssid, i, ret; u16 dfl_disable_ss_mask = 0; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); do_each_subsys_mask(ss, ssid, ss_mask) { /* * If @ss has non-root csses attached to it, can't move. * If @ss is an implicit controller, it is exempt from this * rule and can be stolen. */ if (css_next_child(NULL, cgroup_css(&ss->root->cgrp, ss)) && !ss->implicit_on_dfl) return -EBUSY; /* can't move between two non-dummy roots either */ if (ss->root != &cgrp_dfl_root && dst_root != &cgrp_dfl_root) return -EBUSY; /* * Collect ssid's that need to be disabled from default * hierarchy. */ if (ss->root == &cgrp_dfl_root) dfl_disable_ss_mask |= 1 << ssid; } while_each_subsys_mask(); if (dfl_disable_ss_mask) { struct cgroup *scgrp = &cgrp_dfl_root.cgrp; /* * Controllers from default hierarchy that need to be rebound * are all disabled together in one go. */ cgrp_dfl_root.subsys_mask &= ~dfl_disable_ss_mask; WARN_ON(cgroup_apply_control(scgrp)); cgroup_finalize_control(scgrp, 0); } do_each_subsys_mask(ss, ssid, ss_mask) { struct cgroup_root *src_root = ss->root; struct cgroup *scgrp = &src_root->cgrp; struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = cgroup_css(scgrp, ss); struct css_set *cset; WARN_ON(!css || cgroup_css(dcgrp, ss)); if (src_root != &cgrp_dfl_root) { /* disable from the source */ src_root->subsys_mask &= ~(1 << ssid); WARN_ON(cgroup_apply_control(scgrp)); cgroup_finalize_control(scgrp, 0); } /* rebind */ RCU_INIT_POINTER(scgrp->subsys[ssid], NULL); rcu_assign_pointer(dcgrp->subsys[ssid], css); ss->root = dst_root; css->cgroup = dcgrp; spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); hash_for_each(css_set_table, i, cset, hlist) list_move_tail(&cset->e_cset_node[ss->id], &dcgrp->e_csets[ss->id]); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); /* default hierarchy doesn't enable controllers by default */ dst_root->subsys_mask |= 1 << ssid; if (dst_root == &cgrp_dfl_root) { static_branch_enable(cgroup_subsys_on_dfl_key[ssid]); } else { dcgrp->subtree_control |= 1 << ssid; static_branch_disable(cgroup_subsys_on_dfl_key[ssid]); } ret = cgroup_apply_control(dcgrp); if (ret) pr_warn("partial failure to rebind %s controller (err=%d)\n", ss->name, ret); if (ss->bind) ss->bind(css); } while_each_subsys_mask(); kernfs_activate(dcgrp->kn); return 0; } int cgroup_show_path(struct seq_file *sf, struct kernfs_node *kf_node, struct kernfs_root *kf_root) { int len = 0; char *buf = NULL; struct cgroup_root *kf_cgroot = cgroup_root_from_kf(kf_root); struct cgroup *ns_cgroup; buf = kmalloc(PATH_MAX, GFP_KERNEL); if (!buf) return -ENOMEM; spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); ns_cgroup = current_cgns_cgroup_from_root(kf_cgroot); len = kernfs_path_from_node(kf_node, ns_cgroup->kn, buf, PATH_MAX); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); if (len >= PATH_MAX) len = -ERANGE; else if (len > 0) { seq_escape(sf, buf, " \t\n\\"); len = 0; } kfree(buf); return len; } enum cgroup2_param { Opt_nsdelegate, Opt_memory_localevents, Opt_memory_recursiveprot, nr__cgroup2_params }; static const struct fs_parameter_spec cgroup2_fs_parameters[] = { fsparam_flag("nsdelegate", Opt_nsdelegate), fsparam_flag("memory_localevents", Opt_memory_localevents), fsparam_flag("memory_recursiveprot", Opt_memory_recursiveprot), {} }; static int cgroup2_parse_param(struct fs_context *fc, struct fs_parameter *param) { struct cgroup_fs_context *ctx = cgroup_fc2context(fc); struct fs_parse_result result; int opt; opt = fs_parse(fc, cgroup2_fs_parameters, param, &result); if (opt < 0) return opt; switch (opt) { case Opt_nsdelegate: ctx->flags |= CGRP_ROOT_NS_DELEGATE; return 0; case Opt_memory_localevents: ctx->flags |= CGRP_ROOT_MEMORY_LOCAL_EVENTS; return 0; case Opt_memory_recursiveprot: ctx->flags |= CGRP_ROOT_MEMORY_RECURSIVE_PROT; return 0; } return -EINVAL; } static void apply_cgroup_root_flags(unsigned int root_flags) { if (current->nsproxy->cgroup_ns == &init_cgroup_ns) { if (root_flags & CGRP_ROOT_NS_DELEGATE) cgrp_dfl_root.flags |= CGRP_ROOT_NS_DELEGATE; else cgrp_dfl_root.flags &= ~CGRP_ROOT_NS_DELEGATE; if (root_flags & CGRP_ROOT_MEMORY_LOCAL_EVENTS) cgrp_dfl_root.flags |= CGRP_ROOT_MEMORY_LOCAL_EVENTS; else cgrp_dfl_root.flags &= ~CGRP_ROOT_MEMORY_LOCAL_EVENTS; if (root_flags & CGRP_ROOT_MEMORY_RECURSIVE_PROT) cgrp_dfl_root.flags |= CGRP_ROOT_MEMORY_RECURSIVE_PROT; else cgrp_dfl_root.flags &= ~CGRP_ROOT_MEMORY_RECURSIVE_PROT; } } static int cgroup_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct kernfs_root *kf_root) { if (cgrp_dfl_root.flags & CGRP_ROOT_NS_DELEGATE) seq_puts(seq, ",nsdelegate"); if (cgrp_dfl_root.flags & CGRP_ROOT_MEMORY_LOCAL_EVENTS) seq_puts(seq, ",memory_localevents"); if (cgrp_dfl_root.flags & CGRP_ROOT_MEMORY_RECURSIVE_PROT) seq_puts(seq, ",memory_recursiveprot"); return 0; } static int cgroup_reconfigure(struct fs_context *fc) { struct cgroup_fs_context *ctx = cgroup_fc2context(fc); apply_cgroup_root_flags(ctx->flags); return 0; } static void init_cgroup_housekeeping(struct cgroup *cgrp) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss; int ssid; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cgrp->self.sibling); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cgrp->self.children); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cgrp->cset_links); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cgrp->pidlists); mutex_init(&cgrp->pidlist_mutex); cgrp->self.cgroup = cgrp; cgrp->self.flags |= CSS_ONLINE; cgrp->dom_cgrp = cgrp; cgrp->max_descendants = INT_MAX; cgrp->max_depth = INT_MAX; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cgrp->rstat_css_list); prev_cputime_init(&cgrp->prev_cputime); for_each_subsys(ss, ssid) INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cgrp->e_csets[ssid]); init_waitqueue_head(&cgrp->offline_waitq); INIT_WORK(&cgrp->release_agent_work, cgroup1_release_agent); } void init_cgroup_root(struct cgroup_fs_context *ctx) { struct cgroup_root *root = ctx->root; struct cgroup *cgrp = &root->cgrp; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&root->root_list); atomic_set(&root->nr_cgrps, 1); cgrp->root = root; init_cgroup_housekeeping(cgrp); root->flags = ctx->flags; if (ctx->release_agent) strscpy(root->release_agent_path, ctx->release_agent, PATH_MAX); if (ctx->name) strscpy(root->name, ctx->name, MAX_CGROUP_ROOT_NAMELEN); if (ctx->cpuset_clone_children) set_bit(CGRP_CPUSET_CLONE_CHILDREN, &root->cgrp.flags); } int cgroup_setup_root(struct cgroup_root *root, u16 ss_mask) { LIST_HEAD(tmp_links); struct cgroup *root_cgrp = &root->cgrp; struct kernfs_syscall_ops *kf_sops; struct css_set *cset; int i, ret; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); ret = percpu_ref_init(&root_cgrp->self.refcnt, css_release, 0, GFP_KERNEL); if (ret) goto out; /* * We're accessing css_set_count without locking css_set_lock here, * but that's OK - it can only be increased by someone holding * cgroup_lock, and that's us. Later rebinding may disable * controllers on the default hierarchy and thus create new csets, * which can't be more than the existing ones. Allocate 2x. */ ret = allocate_cgrp_cset_links(2 * css_set_count, &tmp_links); if (ret) goto cancel_ref; ret = cgroup_init_root_id(root); if (ret) goto cancel_ref; kf_sops = root == &cgrp_dfl_root ? &cgroup_kf_syscall_ops : &cgroup1_kf_syscall_ops; root->kf_root = kernfs_create_root(kf_sops, KERNFS_ROOT_CREATE_DEACTIVATED | KERNFS_ROOT_SUPPORT_EXPORTOP | KERNFS_ROOT_SUPPORT_USER_XATTR, root_cgrp); if (IS_ERR(root->kf_root)) { ret = PTR_ERR(root->kf_root); goto exit_root_id; } root_cgrp->kn = root->kf_root->kn; WARN_ON_ONCE(cgroup_ino(root_cgrp) != 1); root_cgrp->ancestor_ids[0] = cgroup_id(root_cgrp); ret = css_populate_dir(&root_cgrp->self); if (ret) goto destroy_root; ret = rebind_subsystems(root, ss_mask); if (ret) goto destroy_root; ret = cgroup_bpf_inherit(root_cgrp); WARN_ON_ONCE(ret); trace_cgroup_setup_root(root); /* * There must be no failure case after here, since rebinding takes * care of subsystems' refcounts, which are explicitly dropped in * the failure exit path. */ list_add(&root->root_list, &cgroup_roots); cgroup_root_count++; /* * Link the root cgroup in this hierarchy into all the css_set * objects. */ spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); hash_for_each(css_set_table, i, cset, hlist) { link_css_set(&tmp_links, cset, root_cgrp); if (css_set_populated(cset)) cgroup_update_populated(root_cgrp, true); } spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); BUG_ON(!list_empty(&root_cgrp->self.children)); BUG_ON(atomic_read(&root->nr_cgrps) != 1); ret = 0; goto out; destroy_root: kernfs_destroy_root(root->kf_root); root->kf_root = NULL; exit_root_id: cgroup_exit_root_id(root); cancel_ref: percpu_ref_exit(&root_cgrp->self.refcnt); out: free_cgrp_cset_links(&tmp_links); return ret; } int cgroup_do_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc) { struct cgroup_fs_context *ctx = cgroup_fc2context(fc); int ret; ctx->kfc.root = ctx->root->kf_root; if (fc->fs_type == &cgroup2_fs_type) ctx->kfc.magic = CGROUP2_SUPER_MAGIC; else ctx->kfc.magic = CGROUP_SUPER_MAGIC; ret = kernfs_get_tree(fc); /* * In non-init cgroup namespace, instead of root cgroup's dentry, * we return the dentry corresponding to the cgroupns->root_cgrp. */ if (!ret && ctx->ns != &init_cgroup_ns) { struct dentry *nsdentry; struct super_block *sb = fc->root->d_sb; struct cgroup *cgrp; mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); cgrp = cset_cgroup_from_root(ctx->ns->root_cset, ctx->root); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); nsdentry = kernfs_node_dentry(cgrp->kn, sb); dput(fc->root); if (IS_ERR(nsdentry)) { deactivate_locked_super(sb); ret = PTR_ERR(nsdentry); nsdentry = NULL; } fc->root = nsdentry; } if (!ctx->kfc.new_sb_created) cgroup_put(&ctx->root->cgrp); return ret; } /* * Destroy a cgroup filesystem context. */ static void cgroup_fs_context_free(struct fs_context *fc) { struct cgroup_fs_context *ctx = cgroup_fc2context(fc); kfree(ctx->name); kfree(ctx->release_agent); put_cgroup_ns(ctx->ns); kernfs_free_fs_context(fc); kfree(ctx); } static int cgroup_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc) { struct cgroup_fs_context *ctx = cgroup_fc2context(fc); int ret; cgrp_dfl_visible = true; cgroup_get_live(&cgrp_dfl_root.cgrp); ctx->root = &cgrp_dfl_root; ret = cgroup_do_get_tree(fc); if (!ret) apply_cgroup_root_flags(ctx->flags); return ret; } static const struct fs_context_operations cgroup_fs_context_ops = { .free = cgroup_fs_context_free, .parse_param = cgroup2_parse_param, .get_tree = cgroup_get_tree, .reconfigure = cgroup_reconfigure, }; static const struct fs_context_operations cgroup1_fs_context_ops = { .free = cgroup_fs_context_free, .parse_param = cgroup1_parse_param, .get_tree = cgroup1_get_tree, .reconfigure = cgroup1_reconfigure, }; /* * Initialise the cgroup filesystem creation/reconfiguration context. Notably, * we select the namespace we're going to use. */ static int cgroup_init_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc) { struct cgroup_fs_context *ctx; ctx = kzalloc(sizeof(struct cgroup_fs_context), GFP_KERNEL); if (!ctx) return -ENOMEM; ctx->ns = current->nsproxy->cgroup_ns; get_cgroup_ns(ctx->ns); fc->fs_private = &ctx->kfc; if (fc->fs_type == &cgroup2_fs_type) fc->ops = &cgroup_fs_context_ops; else fc->ops = &cgroup1_fs_context_ops; put_user_ns(fc->user_ns); fc->user_ns = get_user_ns(ctx->ns->user_ns); fc->global = true; return 0; } static void cgroup_kill_sb(struct super_block *sb) { struct kernfs_root *kf_root = kernfs_root_from_sb(sb); struct cgroup_root *root = cgroup_root_from_kf(kf_root); /* * If @root doesn't have any children, start killing it. * This prevents new mounts by disabling percpu_ref_tryget_live(). * cgroup_mount() may wait for @root's release. * * And don't kill the default root. */ if (list_empty(&root->cgrp.self.children) && root != &cgrp_dfl_root && !percpu_ref_is_dying(&root->cgrp.self.refcnt)) { cgroup_bpf_offline(&root->cgrp); percpu_ref_kill(&root->cgrp.self.refcnt); } cgroup_put(&root->cgrp); kernfs_kill_sb(sb); } struct file_system_type cgroup_fs_type = { .name = "cgroup", .init_fs_context = cgroup_init_fs_context, .parameters = cgroup1_fs_parameters, .kill_sb = cgroup_kill_sb, .fs_flags = FS_USERNS_MOUNT, }; static struct file_system_type cgroup2_fs_type = { .name = "cgroup2", .init_fs_context = cgroup_init_fs_context, .parameters = cgroup2_fs_parameters, .kill_sb = cgroup_kill_sb, .fs_flags = FS_USERNS_MOUNT, }; #ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS static const struct fs_context_operations cpuset_fs_context_ops = { .get_tree = cgroup1_get_tree, .free = cgroup_fs_context_free, }; /* * This is ugly, but preserves the userspace API for existing cpuset * users. If someone tries to mount the "cpuset" filesystem, we * silently switch it to mount "cgroup" instead */ static int cpuset_init_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc) { char *agent = kstrdup("/sbin/cpuset_release_agent", GFP_USER); struct cgroup_fs_context *ctx; int err; err = cgroup_init_fs_context(fc); if (err) { kfree(agent); return err; } fc->ops = &cpuset_fs_context_ops; ctx = cgroup_fc2context(fc); ctx->subsys_mask = 1 << cpuset_cgrp_id; ctx->flags |= CGRP_ROOT_NOPREFIX; ctx->release_agent = agent; get_filesystem(&cgroup_fs_type); put_filesystem(fc->fs_type); fc->fs_type = &cgroup_fs_type; return 0; } static struct file_system_type cpuset_fs_type = { .name = "cpuset", .init_fs_context = cpuset_init_fs_context, .fs_flags = FS_USERNS_MOUNT, }; #endif int cgroup_path_ns_locked(struct cgroup *cgrp, char *buf, size_t buflen, struct cgroup_namespace *ns) { struct cgroup *root = cset_cgroup_from_root(ns->root_cset, cgrp->root); return kernfs_path_from_node(cgrp->kn, root->kn, buf, buflen); } int cgroup_path_ns(struct cgroup *cgrp, char *buf, size_t buflen, struct cgroup_namespace *ns) { int ret; mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); ret = cgroup_path_ns_locked(cgrp, buf, buflen, ns); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cgroup_path_ns); /** * task_cgroup_path - cgroup path of a task in the first cgroup hierarchy * @task: target task * @buf: the buffer to write the path into * @buflen: the length of the buffer * * Determine @task's cgroup on the first (the one with the lowest non-zero * hierarchy_id) cgroup hierarchy and copy its path into @buf. This * function grabs cgroup_mutex and shouldn't be used inside locks used by * cgroup controller callbacks. * * Return value is the same as kernfs_path(). */ int task_cgroup_path(struct task_struct *task, char *buf, size_t buflen) { struct cgroup_root *root; struct cgroup *cgrp; int hierarchy_id = 1; int ret; mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); root = idr_get_next(&cgroup_hierarchy_idr, &hierarchy_id); if (root) { cgrp = task_cgroup_from_root(task, root); ret = cgroup_path_ns_locked(cgrp, buf, buflen, &init_cgroup_ns); } else { /* if no hierarchy exists, everyone is in "/" */ ret = strlcpy(buf, "/", buflen); } spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(task_cgroup_path); /** * cgroup_migrate_add_task - add a migration target task to a migration context * @task: target task * @mgctx: target migration context * * Add @task, which is a migration target, to @mgctx->tset. This function * becomes noop if @task doesn't need to be migrated. @task's css_set * should have been added as a migration source and @task->cg_list will be * moved from the css_set's tasks list to mg_tasks one. */ static void cgroup_migrate_add_task(struct task_struct *task, struct cgroup_mgctx *mgctx) { struct css_set *cset; lockdep_assert_held(&css_set_lock); /* @task either already exited or can't exit until the end */ if (task->flags & PF_EXITING) return; /* cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem protects racing against forks */ WARN_ON_ONCE(list_empty(&task->cg_list)); cset = task_css_set(task); if (!cset->mg_src_cgrp) return; mgctx->tset.nr_tasks++; list_move_tail(&task->cg_list, &cset->mg_tasks); if (list_empty(&cset->mg_node)) list_add_tail(&cset->mg_node, &mgctx->tset.src_csets); if (list_empty(&cset->mg_dst_cset->mg_node)) list_add_tail(&cset->mg_dst_cset->mg_node, &mgctx->tset.dst_csets); } /** * cgroup_taskset_first - reset taskset and return the first task * @tset: taskset of interest * @dst_cssp: output variable for the destination css * * @tset iteration is initialized and the first task is returned. */ struct task_struct *cgroup_taskset_first(struct cgroup_taskset *tset, struct cgroup_subsys_state **dst_cssp) { tset->cur_cset = list_first_entry(tset->csets, struct css_set, mg_node); tset->cur_task = NULL; return cgroup_taskset_next(tset, dst_cssp); } /** * cgroup_taskset_next - iterate to the next task in taskset * @tset: taskset of interest * @dst_cssp: output variable for the destination css * * Return the next task in @tset. Iteration must have been initialized * with cgroup_taskset_first(). */ struct task_struct *cgroup_taskset_next(struct cgroup_taskset *tset, struct cgroup_subsys_state **dst_cssp) { struct css_set *cset = tset->cur_cset; struct task_struct *task = tset->cur_task; while (&cset->mg_node != tset->csets) { if (!task) task = list_first_entry(&cset->mg_tasks, struct task_struct, cg_list); else task = list_next_entry(task, cg_list); if (&task->cg_list != &cset->mg_tasks) { tset->cur_cset = cset; tset->cur_task = task; /* * This function may be called both before and * after cgroup_taskset_migrate(). The two cases * can be distinguished by looking at whether @cset * has its ->mg_dst_cset set. */ if (cset->mg_dst_cset) *dst_cssp = cset->mg_dst_cset->subsys[tset->ssid]; else *dst_cssp = cset->subsys[tset->ssid]; return task; } cset = list_next_entry(cset, mg_node); task = NULL; } return NULL; } /** * cgroup_taskset_migrate - migrate a taskset * @mgctx: migration context * * Migrate tasks in @mgctx as setup by migration preparation functions. * This function fails iff one of the ->can_attach callbacks fails and * guarantees that either all or none of the tasks in @mgctx are migrated. * @mgctx is consumed regardless of success. */ static int cgroup_migrate_execute(struct cgroup_mgctx *mgctx) { struct cgroup_taskset *tset = &mgctx->tset; struct cgroup_subsys *ss; struct task_struct *task, *tmp_task; struct css_set *cset, *tmp_cset; int ssid, failed_ssid, ret; /* check that we can legitimately attach to the cgroup */ if (tset->nr_tasks) { do_each_subsys_mask(ss, ssid, mgctx->ss_mask) { if (ss->can_attach) { tset->ssid = ssid; ret = ss->can_attach(tset); if (ret) { failed_ssid = ssid; goto out_cancel_attach; } } } while_each_subsys_mask(); } /* * Now that we're guaranteed success, proceed to move all tasks to * the new cgroup. There are no failure cases after here, so this * is the commit point. */ spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); list_for_each_entry(cset, &tset->src_csets, mg_node) { list_for_each_entry_safe(task, tmp_task, &cset->mg_tasks, cg_list) { struct css_set *from_cset = task_css_set(task); struct css_set *to_cset = cset->mg_dst_cset; get_css_set(to_cset); to_cset->nr_tasks++; css_set_move_task(task, from_cset, to_cset, true); from_cset->nr_tasks--; /* * If the source or destination cgroup is frozen, * the task might require to change its state. */ cgroup_freezer_migrate_task(task, from_cset->dfl_cgrp, to_cset->dfl_cgrp); put_css_set_locked(from_cset); } } spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); /* * Migration is committed, all target tasks are now on dst_csets. * Nothing is sensitive to fork() after this point. Notify * controllers that migration is complete. */ tset->csets = &tset->dst_csets; if (tset->nr_tasks) { do_each_subsys_mask(ss, ssid, mgctx->ss_mask) { if (ss->attach) { tset->ssid = ssid; ss->attach(tset); } } while_each_subsys_mask(); } ret = 0; goto out_release_tset; out_cancel_attach: if (tset->nr_tasks) { do_each_subsys_mask(ss, ssid, mgctx->ss_mask) { if (ssid == failed_ssid) break; if (ss->cancel_attach) { tset->ssid = ssid; ss->cancel_attach(tset); } } while_each_subsys_mask(); } out_release_tset: spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); list_splice_init(&tset->dst_csets, &tset->src_csets); list_for_each_entry_safe(cset, tmp_cset, &tset->src_csets, mg_node) { list_splice_tail_init(&cset->mg_tasks, &cset->tasks); list_del_init(&cset->mg_node); } spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); /* * Re-initialize the cgroup_taskset structure in case it is reused * again in another cgroup_migrate_add_task()/cgroup_migrate_execute() * iteration. */ tset->nr_tasks = 0; tset->csets = &tset->src_csets; return ret; } /** * cgroup_migrate_vet_dst - verify whether a cgroup can be migration destination * @dst_cgrp: destination cgroup to test * * On the default hierarchy, except for the mixable, (possible) thread root * and threaded cgroups, subtree_control must be zero for migration * destination cgroups with tasks so that child cgroups don't compete * against tasks. */ int cgroup_migrate_vet_dst(struct cgroup *dst_cgrp) { /* v1 doesn't have any restriction */ if (!cgroup_on_dfl(dst_cgrp)) return 0; /* verify @dst_cgrp can host resources */ if (!cgroup_is_valid_domain(dst_cgrp->dom_cgrp)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* mixables don't care */ if (cgroup_is_mixable(dst_cgrp)) return 0; /* * If @dst_cgrp is already or can become a thread root or is * threaded, it doesn't matter. */ if (cgroup_can_be_thread_root(dst_cgrp) || cgroup_is_threaded(dst_cgrp)) return 0; /* apply no-internal-process constraint */ if (dst_cgrp->subtree_control) return -EBUSY; return 0; } /** * cgroup_migrate_finish - cleanup after attach * @mgctx: migration context * * Undo cgroup_migrate_add_src() and cgroup_migrate_prepare_dst(). See * those functions for details. */ void cgroup_migrate_finish(struct cgroup_mgctx *mgctx) { LIST_HEAD(preloaded); struct css_set *cset, *tmp_cset; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); list_splice_tail_init(&mgctx->preloaded_src_csets, &preloaded); list_splice_tail_init(&mgctx->preloaded_dst_csets, &preloaded); list_for_each_entry_safe(cset, tmp_cset, &preloaded, mg_preload_node) { cset->mg_src_cgrp = NULL; cset->mg_dst_cgrp = NULL; cset->mg_dst_cset = NULL; list_del_init(&cset->mg_preload_node); put_css_set_locked(cset); } spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); } /** * cgroup_migrate_add_src - add a migration source css_set * @src_cset: the source css_set to add * @dst_cgrp: the destination cgroup * @mgctx: migration context * * Tasks belonging to @src_cset are about to be migrated to @dst_cgrp. Pin * @src_cset and add it to @mgctx->src_csets, which should later be cleaned * up by cgroup_migrate_finish(). * * This function may be called without holding cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem * even if the target is a process. Threads may be created and destroyed * but as long as cgroup_mutex is not dropped, no new css_set can be put * into play and the preloaded css_sets are guaranteed to cover all * migrations. */ void cgroup_migrate_add_src(struct css_set *src_cset, struct cgroup *dst_cgrp, struct cgroup_mgctx *mgctx) { struct cgroup *src_cgrp; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); lockdep_assert_held(&css_set_lock); /* * If ->dead, @src_set is associated with one or more dead cgroups * and doesn't contain any migratable tasks. Ignore it early so * that the rest of migration path doesn't get confused by it. */ if (src_cset->dead) return; src_cgrp = cset_cgroup_from_root(src_cset, dst_cgrp->root); if (!list_empty(&src_cset->mg_preload_node)) return; WARN_ON(src_cset->mg_src_cgrp); WARN_ON(src_cset->mg_dst_cgrp); WARN_ON(!list_empty(&src_cset->mg_tasks)); WARN_ON(!list_empty(&src_cset->mg_node)); src_cset->mg_src_cgrp = src_cgrp; src_cset->mg_dst_cgrp = dst_cgrp; get_css_set(src_cset); list_add_tail(&src_cset->mg_preload_node, &mgctx->preloaded_src_csets); } /** * cgroup_migrate_prepare_dst - prepare destination css_sets for migration * @mgctx: migration context * * Tasks are about to be moved and all the source css_sets have been * preloaded to @mgctx->preloaded_src_csets. This function looks up and * pins all destination css_sets, links each to its source, and append them * to @mgctx->preloaded_dst_csets. * * This function must be called after cgroup_migrate_add_src() has been * called on each migration source css_set. After migration is performed * using cgroup_migrate(), cgroup_migrate_finish() must be called on * @mgctx. */ int cgroup_migrate_prepare_dst(struct cgroup_mgctx *mgctx) { struct css_set *src_cset, *tmp_cset; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); /* look up the dst cset for each src cset and link it to src */ list_for_each_entry_safe(src_cset, tmp_cset, &mgctx->preloaded_src_csets, mg_preload_node) { struct css_set *dst_cset; struct cgroup_subsys *ss; int ssid; dst_cset = find_css_set(src_cset, src_cset->mg_dst_cgrp); if (!dst_cset) return -ENOMEM; WARN_ON_ONCE(src_cset->mg_dst_cset || dst_cset->mg_dst_cset); /* * If src cset equals dst, it's noop. Drop the src. * cgroup_migrate() will skip the cset too. Note that we * can't handle src == dst as some nodes are used by both. */ if (src_cset == dst_cset) { src_cset->mg_src_cgrp = NULL; src_cset->mg_dst_cgrp = NULL; list_del_init(&src_cset->mg_preload_node); put_css_set(src_cset); put_css_set(dst_cset); continue; } src_cset->mg_dst_cset = dst_cset; if (list_empty(&dst_cset->mg_preload_node)) list_add_tail(&dst_cset->mg_preload_node, &mgctx->preloaded_dst_csets); else put_css_set(dst_cset); for_each_subsys(ss, ssid) if (src_cset->subsys[ssid] != dst_cset->subsys[ssid]) mgctx->ss_mask |= 1 << ssid; } return 0; } /** * cgroup_migrate - migrate a process or task to a cgroup * @leader: the leader of the process or the task to migrate * @threadgroup: whether @leader points to the whole process or a single task * @mgctx: migration context * * Migrate a process or task denoted by @leader. If migrating a process, * the caller must be holding cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem. The caller is also * responsible for invoking cgroup_migrate_add_src() and * cgroup_migrate_prepare_dst() on the targets before invoking this * function and following up with cgroup_migrate_finish(). * * As long as a controller's ->can_attach() doesn't fail, this function is * guaranteed to succeed. This means that, excluding ->can_attach() * failure, when migrating multiple targets, the success or failure can be * decided for all targets by invoking group_migrate_prepare_dst() before * actually starting migrating. */ int cgroup_migrate(struct task_struct *leader, bool threadgroup, struct cgroup_mgctx *mgctx) { struct task_struct *task; /* * Prevent freeing of tasks while we take a snapshot. Tasks that are * already PF_EXITING could be freed from underneath us unless we * take an rcu_read_lock. */ spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); rcu_read_lock(); task = leader; do { cgroup_migrate_add_task(task, mgctx); if (!threadgroup) break; } while_each_thread(leader, task); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); return cgroup_migrate_execute(mgctx); } /** * cgroup_attach_task - attach a task or a whole threadgroup to a cgroup * @dst_cgrp: the cgroup to attach to * @leader: the task or the leader of the threadgroup to be attached * @threadgroup: attach the whole threadgroup? * * Call holding cgroup_mutex and cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem. */ int cgroup_attach_task(struct cgroup *dst_cgrp, struct task_struct *leader, bool threadgroup) { DEFINE_CGROUP_MGCTX(mgctx); struct task_struct *task; int ret = 0; /* look up all src csets */ spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); rcu_read_lock(); task = leader; do { cgroup_migrate_add_src(task_css_set(task), dst_cgrp, &mgctx); if (!threadgroup) break; } while_each_thread(leader, task); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); /* prepare dst csets and commit */ ret = cgroup_migrate_prepare_dst(&mgctx); if (!ret) ret = cgroup_migrate(leader, threadgroup, &mgctx); cgroup_migrate_finish(&mgctx); if (!ret) TRACE_CGROUP_PATH(attach_task, dst_cgrp, leader, threadgroup); return ret; } struct task_struct *cgroup_procs_write_start(char *buf, bool threadgroup, bool *locked) __acquires(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem) { struct task_struct *tsk; pid_t pid; if (kstrtoint(strstrip(buf), 0, &pid) || pid < 0) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); /* * If we migrate a single thread, we don't care about threadgroup * stability. If the thread is `current`, it won't exit(2) under our * hands or change PID through exec(2). We exclude * cgroup_update_dfl_csses and other cgroup_{proc,thread}s_write * callers by cgroup_mutex. * Therefore, we can skip the global lock. */ lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); if (pid || threadgroup) { percpu_down_write(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem); *locked = true; } else { *locked = false; } rcu_read_lock(); if (pid) { tsk = find_task_by_vpid(pid); if (!tsk) { tsk = ERR_PTR(-ESRCH); goto out_unlock_threadgroup; } } else { tsk = current; } if (threadgroup) tsk = tsk->group_leader; /* * kthreads may acquire PF_NO_SETAFFINITY during initialization. * If userland migrates such a kthread to a non-root cgroup, it can * become trapped in a cpuset, or RT kthread may be born in a * cgroup with no rt_runtime allocated. Just say no. */ if (tsk->no_cgroup_migration || (tsk->flags & PF_NO_SETAFFINITY)) { tsk = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); goto out_unlock_threadgroup; } get_task_struct(tsk); goto out_unlock_rcu; out_unlock_threadgroup: if (*locked) { percpu_up_write(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem); *locked = false; } out_unlock_rcu: rcu_read_unlock(); return tsk; } void cgroup_procs_write_finish(struct task_struct *task, bool locked) __releases(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss; int ssid; /* release reference from cgroup_procs_write_start() */ put_task_struct(task); if (locked) percpu_up_write(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem); for_each_subsys(ss, ssid) if (ss->post_attach) ss->post_attach(); } static void cgroup_print_ss_mask(struct seq_file *seq, u16 ss_mask) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss; bool printed = false; int ssid; do_each_subsys_mask(ss, ssid, ss_mask) { if (printed) seq_putc(seq, ' '); seq_puts(seq, ss->name); printed = true; } while_each_subsys_mask(); if (printed) seq_putc(seq, '\n'); } /* show controllers which are enabled from the parent */ static int cgroup_controllers_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct cgroup *cgrp = seq_css(seq)->cgroup; cgroup_print_ss_mask(seq, cgroup_control(cgrp)); return 0; } /* show controllers which are enabled for a given cgroup's children */ static int cgroup_subtree_control_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct cgroup *cgrp = seq_css(seq)->cgroup; cgroup_print_ss_mask(seq, cgrp->subtree_control); return 0; } /** * cgroup_update_dfl_csses - update css assoc of a subtree in default hierarchy * @cgrp: root of the subtree to update csses for * * @cgrp's control masks have changed and its subtree's css associations * need to be updated accordingly. This function looks up all css_sets * which are attached to the subtree, creates the matching updated css_sets * and migrates the tasks to the new ones. */ static int cgroup_update_dfl_csses(struct cgroup *cgrp) { DEFINE_CGROUP_MGCTX(mgctx); struct cgroup_subsys_state *d_css; struct cgroup *dsct; struct css_set *src_cset; int ret; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); percpu_down_write(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem); /* look up all csses currently attached to @cgrp's subtree */ spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); cgroup_for_each_live_descendant_pre(dsct, d_css, cgrp) { struct cgrp_cset_link *link; list_for_each_entry(link, &dsct->cset_links, cset_link) cgroup_migrate_add_src(link->cset, dsct, &mgctx); } spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); /* NULL dst indicates self on default hierarchy */ ret = cgroup_migrate_prepare_dst(&mgctx); if (ret) goto out_finish; spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); list_for_each_entry(src_cset, &mgctx.preloaded_src_csets, mg_preload_node) { struct task_struct *task, *ntask; /* all tasks in src_csets need to be migrated */ list_for_each_entry_safe(task, ntask, &src_cset->tasks, cg_list) cgroup_migrate_add_task(task, &mgctx); } spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); ret = cgroup_migrate_execute(&mgctx); out_finish: cgroup_migrate_finish(&mgctx); percpu_up_write(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem); return ret; } /** * cgroup_lock_and_drain_offline - lock cgroup_mutex and drain offlined csses * @cgrp: root of the target subtree * * Because css offlining is asynchronous, userland may try to re-enable a * controller while the previous css is still around. This function grabs * cgroup_mutex and drains the previous css instances of @cgrp's subtree. */ void cgroup_lock_and_drain_offline(struct cgroup *cgrp) __acquires(&cgroup_mutex) { struct cgroup *dsct; struct cgroup_subsys_state *d_css; struct cgroup_subsys *ss; int ssid; restart: mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); cgroup_for_each_live_descendant_post(dsct, d_css, cgrp) { for_each_subsys(ss, ssid) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = cgroup_css(dsct, ss); DEFINE_WAIT(wait); if (!css || !percpu_ref_is_dying(&css->refcnt)) continue; cgroup_get_live(dsct); prepare_to_wait(&dsct->offline_waitq, &wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); schedule(); finish_wait(&dsct->offline_waitq, &wait); cgroup_put(dsct); goto restart; } } } /** * cgroup_save_control - save control masks and dom_cgrp of a subtree * @cgrp: root of the target subtree * * Save ->subtree_control, ->subtree_ss_mask and ->dom_cgrp to the * respective old_ prefixed fields for @cgrp's subtree including @cgrp * itself. */ static void cgroup_save_control(struct cgroup *cgrp) { struct cgroup *dsct; struct cgroup_subsys_state *d_css; cgroup_for_each_live_descendant_pre(dsct, d_css, cgrp) { dsct->old_subtree_control = dsct->subtree_control; dsct->old_subtree_ss_mask = dsct->subtree_ss_mask; dsct->old_dom_cgrp = dsct->dom_cgrp; } } /** * cgroup_propagate_control - refresh control masks of a subtree * @cgrp: root of the target subtree * * For @cgrp and its subtree, ensure ->subtree_ss_mask matches * ->subtree_control and propagate controller availability through the * subtree so that descendants don't have unavailable controllers enabled. */ static void cgroup_propagate_control(struct cgroup *cgrp) { struct cgroup *dsct; struct cgroup_subsys_state *d_css; cgroup_for_each_live_descendant_pre(dsct, d_css, cgrp) { dsct->subtree_control &= cgroup_control(dsct); dsct->subtree_ss_mask = cgroup_calc_subtree_ss_mask(dsct->subtree_control, cgroup_ss_mask(dsct)); } } /** * cgroup_restore_control - restore control masks and dom_cgrp of a subtree * @cgrp: root of the target subtree * * Restore ->subtree_control, ->subtree_ss_mask and ->dom_cgrp from the * respective old_ prefixed fields for @cgrp's subtree including @cgrp * itself. */ static void cgroup_restore_control(struct cgroup *cgrp) { struct cgroup *dsct; struct cgroup_subsys_state *d_css; cgroup_for_each_live_descendant_post(dsct, d_css, cgrp) { dsct->subtree_control = dsct->old_subtree_control; dsct->subtree_ss_mask = dsct->old_subtree_ss_mask; dsct->dom_cgrp = dsct->old_dom_cgrp; } } static bool css_visible(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss = css->ss; struct cgroup *cgrp = css->cgroup; if (cgroup_control(cgrp) & (1 << ss->id)) return true; if (!(cgroup_ss_mask(cgrp) & (1 << ss->id))) return false; return cgroup_on_dfl(cgrp) && ss->implicit_on_dfl; } /** * cgroup_apply_control_enable - enable or show csses according to control * @cgrp: root of the target subtree * * Walk @cgrp's subtree and create new csses or make the existing ones * visible. A css is created invisible if it's being implicitly enabled * through dependency. An invisible css is made visible when the userland * explicitly enables it. * * Returns 0 on success, -errno on failure. On failure, csses which have * been processed already aren't cleaned up. The caller is responsible for * cleaning up with cgroup_apply_control_disable(). */ static int cgroup_apply_control_enable(struct cgroup *cgrp) { struct cgroup *dsct; struct cgroup_subsys_state *d_css; struct cgroup_subsys *ss; int ssid, ret; cgroup_for_each_live_descendant_pre(dsct, d_css, cgrp) { for_each_subsys(ss, ssid) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = cgroup_css(dsct, ss); if (!(cgroup_ss_mask(dsct) & (1 << ss->id))) continue; if (!css) { css = css_create(dsct, ss); if (IS_ERR(css)) return PTR_ERR(css); } WARN_ON_ONCE(percpu_ref_is_dying(&css->refcnt)); if (css_visible(css)) { ret = css_populate_dir(css); if (ret) return ret; } } } return 0; } /** * cgroup_apply_control_disable - kill or hide csses according to control * @cgrp: root of the target subtree * * Walk @cgrp's subtree and kill and hide csses so that they match * cgroup_ss_mask() and cgroup_visible_mask(). * * A css is hidden when the userland requests it to be disabled while other * subsystems are still depending on it. The css must not actively control * resources and be in the vanilla state if it's made visible again later. * Controllers which may be depended upon should provide ->css_reset() for * this purpose. */ static void cgroup_apply_control_disable(struct cgroup *cgrp) { struct cgroup *dsct; struct cgroup_subsys_state *d_css; struct cgroup_subsys *ss; int ssid; cgroup_for_each_live_descendant_post(dsct, d_css, cgrp) { for_each_subsys(ss, ssid) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = cgroup_css(dsct, ss); if (!css) continue; WARN_ON_ONCE(percpu_ref_is_dying(&css->refcnt)); if (css->parent && !(cgroup_ss_mask(dsct) & (1 << ss->id))) { kill_css(css); } else if (!css_visible(css)) { css_clear_dir(css); if (ss->css_reset) ss->css_reset(css); } } } } /** * cgroup_apply_control - apply control mask updates to the subtree * @cgrp: root of the target subtree * * subsystems can be enabled and disabled in a subtree using the following * steps. * * 1. Call cgroup_save_control() to stash the current state. * 2. Update ->subtree_control masks in the subtree as desired. * 3. Call cgroup_apply_control() to apply the changes. * 4. Optionally perform other related operations. * 5. Call cgroup_finalize_control() to finish up. * * This function implements step 3 and propagates the mask changes * throughout @cgrp's subtree, updates csses accordingly and perform * process migrations. */ static int cgroup_apply_control(struct cgroup *cgrp) { int ret; cgroup_propagate_control(cgrp); ret = cgroup_apply_control_enable(cgrp); if (ret) return ret; /* * At this point, cgroup_e_css_by_mask() results reflect the new csses * making the following cgroup_update_dfl_csses() properly update * css associations of all tasks in the subtree. */ ret = cgroup_update_dfl_csses(cgrp); if (ret) return ret; return 0; } /** * cgroup_finalize_control - finalize control mask update * @cgrp: root of the target subtree * @ret: the result of the update * * Finalize control mask update. See cgroup_apply_control() for more info. */ static void cgroup_finalize_control(struct cgroup *cgrp, int ret) { if (ret) { cgroup_restore_control(cgrp); cgroup_propagate_control(cgrp); } cgroup_apply_control_disable(cgrp); } static int cgroup_vet_subtree_control_enable(struct cgroup *cgrp, u16 enable) { u16 domain_enable = enable & ~cgrp_dfl_threaded_ss_mask; /* if nothing is getting enabled, nothing to worry about */ if (!enable) return 0; /* can @cgrp host any resources? */ if (!cgroup_is_valid_domain(cgrp->dom_cgrp)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* mixables don't care */ if (cgroup_is_mixable(cgrp)) return 0; if (domain_enable) { /* can't enable domain controllers inside a thread subtree */ if (cgroup_is_thread_root(cgrp) || cgroup_is_threaded(cgrp)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; } else { /* * Threaded controllers can handle internal competitions * and are always allowed inside a (prospective) thread * subtree. */ if (cgroup_can_be_thread_root(cgrp) || cgroup_is_threaded(cgrp)) return 0; } /* * Controllers can't be enabled for a cgroup with tasks to avoid * child cgroups competing against tasks. */ if (cgroup_has_tasks(cgrp)) return -EBUSY; return 0; } /* change the enabled child controllers for a cgroup in the default hierarchy */ static ssize_t cgroup_subtree_control_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { u16 enable = 0, disable = 0; struct cgroup *cgrp, *child; struct cgroup_subsys *ss; char *tok; int ssid, ret; /* * Parse input - space separated list of subsystem names prefixed * with either + or -. */ buf = strstrip(buf); while ((tok = strsep(&buf, " "))) { if (tok[0] == '\0') continue; do_each_subsys_mask(ss, ssid, ~cgrp_dfl_inhibit_ss_mask) { if (!cgroup_ssid_enabled(ssid) || strcmp(tok + 1, ss->name)) continue; if (*tok == '+') { enable |= 1 << ssid; disable &= ~(1 << ssid); } else if (*tok == '-') { disable |= 1 << ssid; enable &= ~(1 << ssid); } else { return -EINVAL; } break; } while_each_subsys_mask(); if (ssid == CGROUP_SUBSYS_COUNT) return -EINVAL; } cgrp = cgroup_kn_lock_live(of->kn, true); if (!cgrp) return -ENODEV; for_each_subsys(ss, ssid) { if (enable & (1 << ssid)) { if (cgrp->subtree_control & (1 << ssid)) { enable &= ~(1 << ssid); continue; } if (!(cgroup_control(cgrp) & (1 << ssid))) { ret = -ENOENT; goto out_unlock; } } else if (disable & (1 << ssid)) { if (!(cgrp->subtree_control & (1 << ssid))) { disable &= ~(1 << ssid); continue; } /* a child has it enabled? */ cgroup_for_each_live_child(child, cgrp) { if (child->subtree_control & (1 << ssid)) { ret = -EBUSY; goto out_unlock; } } } } if (!enable && !disable) { ret = 0; goto out_unlock; } ret = cgroup_vet_subtree_control_enable(cgrp, enable); if (ret) goto out_unlock; /* save and update control masks and prepare csses */ cgroup_save_control(cgrp); cgrp->subtree_control |= enable; cgrp->subtree_control &= ~disable; ret = cgroup_apply_control(cgrp); cgroup_finalize_control(cgrp, ret); if (ret) goto out_unlock; kernfs_activate(cgrp->kn); out_unlock: cgroup_kn_unlock(of->kn); return ret ?: nbytes; } /** * cgroup_enable_threaded - make @cgrp threaded * @cgrp: the target cgroup * * Called when "threaded" is written to the cgroup.type interface file and * tries to make @cgrp threaded and join the parent's resource domain. * This function is never called on the root cgroup as cgroup.type doesn't * exist on it. */ static int cgroup_enable_threaded(struct cgroup *cgrp) { struct cgroup *parent = cgroup_parent(cgrp); struct cgroup *dom_cgrp = parent->dom_cgrp; struct cgroup *dsct; struct cgroup_subsys_state *d_css; int ret; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); /* noop if already threaded */ if (cgroup_is_threaded(cgrp)) return 0; /* * If @cgroup is populated or has domain controllers enabled, it * can't be switched. While the below cgroup_can_be_thread_root() * test can catch the same conditions, that's only when @parent is * not mixable, so let's check it explicitly. */ if (cgroup_is_populated(cgrp) || cgrp->subtree_control & ~cgrp_dfl_threaded_ss_mask) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* we're joining the parent's domain, ensure its validity */ if (!cgroup_is_valid_domain(dom_cgrp) || !cgroup_can_be_thread_root(dom_cgrp)) return -EOPNOTSUPP; /* * The following shouldn't cause actual migrations and should * always succeed. */ cgroup_save_control(cgrp); cgroup_for_each_live_descendant_pre(dsct, d_css, cgrp) if (dsct == cgrp || cgroup_is_threaded(dsct)) dsct->dom_cgrp = dom_cgrp; ret = cgroup_apply_control(cgrp); if (!ret) parent->nr_threaded_children++; cgroup_finalize_control(cgrp, ret); return ret; } static int cgroup_type_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct cgroup *cgrp = seq_css(seq)->cgroup; if (cgroup_is_threaded(cgrp)) seq_puts(seq, "threaded\n"); else if (!cgroup_is_valid_domain(cgrp)) seq_puts(seq, "domain invalid\n"); else if (cgroup_is_thread_root(cgrp)) seq_puts(seq, "domain threaded\n"); else seq_puts(seq, "domain\n"); return 0; } static ssize_t cgroup_type_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { struct cgroup *cgrp; int ret; /* only switching to threaded mode is supported */ if (strcmp(strstrip(buf), "threaded")) return -EINVAL; /* drain dying csses before we re-apply (threaded) subtree control */ cgrp = cgroup_kn_lock_live(of->kn, true); if (!cgrp) return -ENOENT; /* threaded can only be enabled */ ret = cgroup_enable_threaded(cgrp); cgroup_kn_unlock(of->kn); return ret ?: nbytes; } static int cgroup_max_descendants_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct cgroup *cgrp = seq_css(seq)->cgroup; int descendants = READ_ONCE(cgrp->max_descendants); if (descendants == INT_MAX) seq_puts(seq, "max\n"); else seq_printf(seq, "%d\n", descendants); return 0; } static ssize_t cgroup_max_descendants_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { struct cgroup *cgrp; int descendants; ssize_t ret; buf = strstrip(buf); if (!strcmp(buf, "max")) { descendants = INT_MAX; } else { ret = kstrtoint(buf, 0, &descendants); if (ret) return ret; } if (descendants < 0) return -ERANGE; cgrp = cgroup_kn_lock_live(of->kn, false); if (!cgrp) return -ENOENT; cgrp->max_descendants = descendants; cgroup_kn_unlock(of->kn); return nbytes; } static int cgroup_max_depth_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct cgroup *cgrp = seq_css(seq)->cgroup; int depth = READ_ONCE(cgrp->max_depth); if (depth == INT_MAX) seq_puts(seq, "max\n"); else seq_printf(seq, "%d\n", depth); return 0; } static ssize_t cgroup_max_depth_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { struct cgroup *cgrp; ssize_t ret; int depth; buf = strstrip(buf); if (!strcmp(buf, "max")) { depth = INT_MAX; } else { ret = kstrtoint(buf, 0, &depth); if (ret) return ret; } if (depth < 0) return -ERANGE; cgrp = cgroup_kn_lock_live(of->kn, false); if (!cgrp) return -ENOENT; cgrp->max_depth = depth; cgroup_kn_unlock(of->kn); return nbytes; } static int cgroup_events_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct cgroup *cgrp = seq_css(seq)->cgroup; seq_printf(seq, "populated %d\n", cgroup_is_populated(cgrp)); seq_printf(seq, "frozen %d\n", test_bit(CGRP_FROZEN, &cgrp->flags)); return 0; } static int cgroup_stat_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct cgroup *cgroup = seq_css(seq)->cgroup; seq_printf(seq, "nr_descendants %d\n", cgroup->nr_descendants); seq_printf(seq, "nr_dying_descendants %d\n", cgroup->nr_dying_descendants); return 0; } static int __maybe_unused cgroup_extra_stat_show(struct seq_file *seq, struct cgroup *cgrp, int ssid) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss = cgroup_subsys[ssid]; struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; int ret; if (!ss->css_extra_stat_show) return 0; css = cgroup_tryget_css(cgrp, ss); if (!css) return 0; ret = ss->css_extra_stat_show(seq, css); css_put(css); return ret; } static int cpu_stat_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct cgroup __maybe_unused *cgrp = seq_css(seq)->cgroup; int ret = 0; cgroup_base_stat_cputime_show(seq); #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED ret = cgroup_extra_stat_show(seq, cgrp, cpu_cgrp_id); #endif return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_PSI static int cgroup_io_pressure_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct cgroup *cgrp = seq_css(seq)->cgroup; struct psi_group *psi = cgroup_ino(cgrp) == 1 ? &psi_system : &cgrp->psi; return psi_show(seq, psi, PSI_IO); } static int cgroup_memory_pressure_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct cgroup *cgrp = seq_css(seq)->cgroup; struct psi_group *psi = cgroup_ino(cgrp) == 1 ? &psi_system : &cgrp->psi; return psi_show(seq, psi, PSI_MEM); } static int cgroup_cpu_pressure_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct cgroup *cgrp = seq_css(seq)->cgroup; struct psi_group *psi = cgroup_ino(cgrp) == 1 ? &psi_system : &cgrp->psi; return psi_show(seq, psi, PSI_CPU); } static ssize_t cgroup_pressure_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, enum psi_res res) { struct psi_trigger *new; struct cgroup *cgrp; struct psi_group *psi; cgrp = cgroup_kn_lock_live(of->kn, false); if (!cgrp) return -ENODEV; cgroup_get(cgrp); cgroup_kn_unlock(of->kn); psi = cgroup_ino(cgrp) == 1 ? &psi_system : &cgrp->psi; new = psi_trigger_create(psi, buf, nbytes, res); if (IS_ERR(new)) { cgroup_put(cgrp); return PTR_ERR(new); } psi_trigger_replace(&of->priv, new); cgroup_put(cgrp); return nbytes; } static ssize_t cgroup_io_pressure_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { return cgroup_pressure_write(of, buf, nbytes, PSI_IO); } static ssize_t cgroup_memory_pressure_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { return cgroup_pressure_write(of, buf, nbytes, PSI_MEM); } static ssize_t cgroup_cpu_pressure_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { return cgroup_pressure_write(of, buf, nbytes, PSI_CPU); } static __poll_t cgroup_pressure_poll(struct kernfs_open_file *of, poll_table *pt) { return psi_trigger_poll(&of->priv, of->file, pt); } static void cgroup_pressure_release(struct kernfs_open_file *of) { psi_trigger_replace(&of->priv, NULL); } #endif /* CONFIG_PSI */ static int cgroup_freeze_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { struct cgroup *cgrp = seq_css(seq)->cgroup; seq_printf(seq, "%d\n", cgrp->freezer.freeze); return 0; } static ssize_t cgroup_freeze_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { struct cgroup *cgrp; ssize_t ret; int freeze; ret = kstrtoint(strstrip(buf), 0, &freeze); if (ret) return ret; if (freeze < 0 || freeze > 1) return -ERANGE; cgrp = cgroup_kn_lock_live(of->kn, false); if (!cgrp) return -ENOENT; cgroup_freeze(cgrp, freeze); cgroup_kn_unlock(of->kn); return nbytes; } static int cgroup_file_open(struct kernfs_open_file *of) { struct cftype *cft = of->kn->priv; if (cft->open) return cft->open(of); return 0; } static void cgroup_file_release(struct kernfs_open_file *of) { struct cftype *cft = of->kn->priv; if (cft->release) cft->release(of); } static ssize_t cgroup_file_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { struct cgroup_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->cgroup_ns; struct cgroup *cgrp = of->kn->parent->priv; struct cftype *cft = of->kn->priv; struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; int ret; if (!nbytes) return 0; /* * If namespaces are delegation boundaries, disallow writes to * files in an non-init namespace root from inside the namespace * except for the files explicitly marked delegatable - * cgroup.procs and cgroup.subtree_control. */ if ((cgrp->root->flags & CGRP_ROOT_NS_DELEGATE) && !(cft->flags & CFTYPE_NS_DELEGATABLE) && ns != &init_cgroup_ns && ns->root_cset->dfl_cgrp == cgrp) return -EPERM; if (cft->write) return cft->write(of, buf, nbytes, off); /* * kernfs guarantees that a file isn't deleted with operations in * flight, which means that the matching css is and stays alive and * doesn't need to be pinned. The RCU locking is not necessary * either. It's just for the convenience of using cgroup_css(). */ rcu_read_lock(); css = cgroup_css(cgrp, cft->ss); rcu_read_unlock(); if (cft->write_u64) { unsigned long long v; ret = kstrtoull(buf, 0, &v); if (!ret) ret = cft->write_u64(css, cft, v); } else if (cft->write_s64) { long long v; ret = kstrtoll(buf, 0, &v); if (!ret) ret = cft->write_s64(css, cft, v); } else { ret = -EINVAL; } return ret ?: nbytes; } static __poll_t cgroup_file_poll(struct kernfs_open_file *of, poll_table *pt) { struct cftype *cft = of->kn->priv; if (cft->poll) return cft->poll(of, pt); return kernfs_generic_poll(of, pt); } static void *cgroup_seqfile_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *ppos) { return seq_cft(seq)->seq_start(seq, ppos); } static void *cgroup_seqfile_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *ppos) { return seq_cft(seq)->seq_next(seq, v, ppos); } static void cgroup_seqfile_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v) { if (seq_cft(seq)->seq_stop) seq_cft(seq)->seq_stop(seq, v); } static int cgroup_seqfile_show(struct seq_file *m, void *arg) { struct cftype *cft = seq_cft(m); struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = seq_css(m); if (cft->seq_show) return cft->seq_show(m, arg); if (cft->read_u64) seq_printf(m, "%llu\n", cft->read_u64(css, cft)); else if (cft->read_s64) seq_printf(m, "%lld\n", cft->read_s64(css, cft)); else return -EINVAL; return 0; } static struct kernfs_ops cgroup_kf_single_ops = { .atomic_write_len = PAGE_SIZE, .open = cgroup_file_open, .release = cgroup_file_release, .write = cgroup_file_write, .poll = cgroup_file_poll, .seq_show = cgroup_seqfile_show, }; static struct kernfs_ops cgroup_kf_ops = { .atomic_write_len = PAGE_SIZE, .open = cgroup_file_open, .release = cgroup_file_release, .write = cgroup_file_write, .poll = cgroup_file_poll, .seq_start = cgroup_seqfile_start, .seq_next = cgroup_seqfile_next, .seq_stop = cgroup_seqfile_stop, .seq_show = cgroup_seqfile_show, }; /* set uid and gid of cgroup dirs and files to that of the creator */ static int cgroup_kn_set_ugid(struct kernfs_node *kn) { struct iattr iattr = { .ia_valid = ATTR_UID | ATTR_GID, .ia_uid = current_fsuid(), .ia_gid = current_fsgid(), }; if (uid_eq(iattr.ia_uid, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID) && gid_eq(iattr.ia_gid, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID)) return 0; return kernfs_setattr(kn, &iattr); } static void cgroup_file_notify_timer(struct timer_list *timer) { cgroup_file_notify(container_of(timer, struct cgroup_file, notify_timer)); } static int cgroup_add_file(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype *cft) { char name[CGROUP_FILE_NAME_MAX]; struct kernfs_node *kn; struct lock_class_key *key = NULL; int ret; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC key = &cft->lockdep_key; #endif kn = __kernfs_create_file(cgrp->kn, cgroup_file_name(cgrp, cft, name), cgroup_file_mode(cft), GLOBAL_ROOT_UID, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID, 0, cft->kf_ops, cft, NULL, key); if (IS_ERR(kn)) return PTR_ERR(kn); ret = cgroup_kn_set_ugid(kn); if (ret) { kernfs_remove(kn); return ret; } if (cft->file_offset) { struct cgroup_file *cfile = (void *)css + cft->file_offset; timer_setup(&cfile->notify_timer, cgroup_file_notify_timer, 0); spin_lock_irq(&cgroup_file_kn_lock); cfile->kn = kn; spin_unlock_irq(&cgroup_file_kn_lock); } return 0; } /** * cgroup_addrm_files - add or remove files to a cgroup directory * @css: the target css * @cgrp: the target cgroup (usually css->cgroup) * @cfts: array of cftypes to be added * @is_add: whether to add or remove * * Depending on @is_add, add or remove files defined by @cfts on @cgrp. * For removals, this function never fails. */ static int cgroup_addrm_files(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype cfts[], bool is_add) { struct cftype *cft, *cft_end = NULL; int ret = 0; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); restart: for (cft = cfts; cft != cft_end && cft->name[0] != '\0'; cft++) { /* does cft->flags tell us to skip this file on @cgrp? */ if ((cft->flags & __CFTYPE_ONLY_ON_DFL) && !cgroup_on_dfl(cgrp)) continue; if ((cft->flags & __CFTYPE_NOT_ON_DFL) && cgroup_on_dfl(cgrp)) continue; if ((cft->flags & CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT) && !cgroup_parent(cgrp)) continue; if ((cft->flags & CFTYPE_ONLY_ON_ROOT) && cgroup_parent(cgrp)) continue; if ((cft->flags & CFTYPE_DEBUG) && !cgroup_debug) continue; if (is_add) { ret = cgroup_add_file(css, cgrp, cft); if (ret) { pr_warn("%s: failed to add %s, err=%d\n", __func__, cft->name, ret); cft_end = cft; is_add = false; goto restart; } } else { cgroup_rm_file(cgrp, cft); } } return ret; } static int cgroup_apply_cftypes(struct cftype *cfts, bool is_add) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss = cfts[0].ss; struct cgroup *root = &ss->root->cgrp; struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; int ret = 0; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); /* add/rm files for all cgroups created before */ css_for_each_descendant_pre(css, cgroup_css(root, ss)) { struct cgroup *cgrp = css->cgroup; if (!(css->flags & CSS_VISIBLE)) continue; ret = cgroup_addrm_files(css, cgrp, cfts, is_add); if (ret) break; } if (is_add && !ret) kernfs_activate(root->kn); return ret; } static void cgroup_exit_cftypes(struct cftype *cfts) { struct cftype *cft; for (cft = cfts; cft->name[0] != '\0'; cft++) { /* free copy for custom atomic_write_len, see init_cftypes() */ if (cft->max_write_len && cft->max_write_len != PAGE_SIZE) kfree(cft->kf_ops); cft->kf_ops = NULL; cft->ss = NULL; /* revert flags set by cgroup core while adding @cfts */ cft->flags &= ~(__CFTYPE_ONLY_ON_DFL | __CFTYPE_NOT_ON_DFL); } } static int cgroup_init_cftypes(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct cftype *cfts) { struct cftype *cft; for (cft = cfts; cft->name[0] != '\0'; cft++) { struct kernfs_ops *kf_ops; WARN_ON(cft->ss || cft->kf_ops); if (cft->seq_start) kf_ops = &cgroup_kf_ops; else kf_ops = &cgroup_kf_single_ops; /* * Ugh... if @cft wants a custom max_write_len, we need to * make a copy of kf_ops to set its atomic_write_len. */ if (cft->max_write_len && cft->max_write_len != PAGE_SIZE) { kf_ops = kmemdup(kf_ops, sizeof(*kf_ops), GFP_KERNEL); if (!kf_ops) { cgroup_exit_cftypes(cfts); return -ENOMEM; } kf_ops->atomic_write_len = cft->max_write_len; } cft->kf_ops = kf_ops; cft->ss = ss; } return 0; } static int cgroup_rm_cftypes_locked(struct cftype *cfts) { lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); if (!cfts || !cfts[0].ss) return -ENOENT; list_del(&cfts->node); cgroup_apply_cftypes(cfts, false); cgroup_exit_cftypes(cfts); return 0; } /** * cgroup_rm_cftypes - remove an array of cftypes from a subsystem * @cfts: zero-length name terminated array of cftypes * * Unregister @cfts. Files described by @cfts are removed from all * existing cgroups and all future cgroups won't have them either. This * function can be called anytime whether @cfts' subsys is attached or not. * * Returns 0 on successful unregistration, -ENOENT if @cfts is not * registered. */ int cgroup_rm_cftypes(struct cftype *cfts) { int ret; mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); ret = cgroup_rm_cftypes_locked(cfts); mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); return ret; } /** * cgroup_add_cftypes - add an array of cftypes to a subsystem * @ss: target cgroup subsystem * @cfts: zero-length name terminated array of cftypes * * Register @cfts to @ss. Files described by @cfts are created for all * existing cgroups to which @ss is attached and all future cgroups will * have them too. This function can be called anytime whether @ss is * attached or not. * * Returns 0 on successful registration, -errno on failure. Note that this * function currently returns 0 as long as @cfts registration is successful * even if some file creation attempts on existing cgroups fail. */ static int cgroup_add_cftypes(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct cftype *cfts) { int ret; if (!cgroup_ssid_enabled(ss->id)) return 0; if (!cfts || cfts[0].name[0] == '\0') return 0; ret = cgroup_init_cftypes(ss, cfts); if (ret) return ret; mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); list_add_tail(&cfts->node, &ss->cfts); ret = cgroup_apply_cftypes(cfts, true); if (ret) cgroup_rm_cftypes_locked(cfts); mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); return ret; } /** * cgroup_add_dfl_cftypes - add an array of cftypes for default hierarchy * @ss: target cgroup subsystem * @cfts: zero-length name terminated array of cftypes * * Similar to cgroup_add_cftypes() but the added files are only used for * the default hierarchy. */ int cgroup_add_dfl_cftypes(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct cftype *cfts) { struct cftype *cft; for (cft = cfts; cft && cft->name[0] != '\0'; cft++) cft->flags |= __CFTYPE_ONLY_ON_DFL; return cgroup_add_cftypes(ss, cfts); } /** * cgroup_add_legacy_cftypes - add an array of cftypes for legacy hierarchies * @ss: target cgroup subsystem * @cfts: zero-length name terminated array of cftypes * * Similar to cgroup_add_cftypes() but the added files are only used for * the legacy hierarchies. */ int cgroup_add_legacy_cftypes(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct cftype *cfts) { struct cftype *cft; for (cft = cfts; cft && cft->name[0] != '\0'; cft++) cft->flags |= __CFTYPE_NOT_ON_DFL; return cgroup_add_cftypes(ss, cfts); } /** * cgroup_file_notify - generate a file modified event for a cgroup_file * @cfile: target cgroup_file * * @cfile must have been obtained by setting cftype->file_offset. */ void cgroup_file_notify(struct cgroup_file *cfile) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&cgroup_file_kn_lock, flags); if (cfile->kn) { unsigned long last = cfile->notified_at; unsigned long next = last + CGROUP_FILE_NOTIFY_MIN_INTV; if (time_in_range(jiffies, last, next)) { timer_reduce(&cfile->notify_timer, next); } else { kernfs_notify(cfile->kn); cfile->notified_at = jiffies; } } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cgroup_file_kn_lock, flags); } /** * css_next_child - find the next child of a given css * @pos: the current position (%NULL to initiate traversal) * @parent: css whose children to walk * * This function returns the next child of @parent and should be called * under either cgroup_mutex or RCU read lock. The only requirement is * that @parent and @pos are accessible. The next sibling is guaranteed to * be returned regardless of their states. * * If a subsystem synchronizes ->css_online() and the start of iteration, a * css which finished ->css_online() is guaranteed to be visible in the * future iterations and will stay visible until the last reference is put. * A css which hasn't finished ->css_online() or already finished * ->css_offline() may show up during traversal. It's each subsystem's * responsibility to synchronize against on/offlining. */ struct cgroup_subsys_state *css_next_child(struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos, struct cgroup_subsys_state *parent) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *next; cgroup_assert_mutex_or_rcu_locked(); /* * @pos could already have been unlinked from the sibling list. * Once a cgroup is removed, its ->sibling.next is no longer * updated when its next sibling changes. CSS_RELEASED is set when * @pos is taken off list, at which time its next pointer is valid, * and, as releases are serialized, the one pointed to by the next * pointer is guaranteed to not have started release yet. This * implies that if we observe !CSS_RELEASED on @pos in this RCU * critical section, the one pointed to by its next pointer is * guaranteed to not have finished its RCU grace period even if we * have dropped rcu_read_lock() inbetween iterations. * * If @pos has CSS_RELEASED set, its next pointer can't be * dereferenced; however, as each css is given a monotonically * increasing unique serial number and always appended to the * sibling list, the next one can be found by walking the parent's * children until the first css with higher serial number than * @pos's. While this path can be slower, it happens iff iteration * races against release and the race window is very small. */ if (!pos) { next = list_entry_rcu(parent->children.next, struct cgroup_subsys_state, sibling); } else if (likely(!(pos->flags & CSS_RELEASED))) { next = list_entry_rcu(pos->sibling.next, struct cgroup_subsys_state, sibling); } else { list_for_each_entry_rcu(next, &parent->children, sibling, lockdep_is_held(&cgroup_mutex)) if (next->serial_nr > pos->serial_nr) break; } /* * @next, if not pointing to the head, can be dereferenced and is * the next sibling. */ if (&next->sibling != &parent->children) return next; return NULL; } /** * css_next_descendant_pre - find the next descendant for pre-order walk * @pos: the current position (%NULL to initiate traversal) * @root: css whose descendants to walk * * To be used by css_for_each_descendant_pre(). Find the next descendant * to visit for pre-order traversal of @root's descendants. @root is * included in the iteration and the first node to be visited. * * While this function requires cgroup_mutex or RCU read locking, it * doesn't require the whole traversal to be contained in a single critical * section. This function will return the correct next descendant as long * as both @pos and @root are accessible and @pos is a descendant of @root. * * If a subsystem synchronizes ->css_online() and the start of iteration, a * css which finished ->css_online() is guaranteed to be visible in the * future iterations and will stay visible until the last reference is put. * A css which hasn't finished ->css_online() or already finished * ->css_offline() may show up during traversal. It's each subsystem's * responsibility to synchronize against on/offlining. */ struct cgroup_subsys_state * css_next_descendant_pre(struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos, struct cgroup_subsys_state *root) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *next; cgroup_assert_mutex_or_rcu_locked(); /* if first iteration, visit @root */ if (!pos) return root; /* visit the first child if exists */ next = css_next_child(NULL, pos); if (next) return next; /* no child, visit my or the closest ancestor's next sibling */ while (pos != root) { next = css_next_child(pos, pos->parent); if (next) return next; pos = pos->parent; } return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(css_next_descendant_pre); /** * css_rightmost_descendant - return the rightmost descendant of a css * @pos: css of interest * * Return the rightmost descendant of @pos. If there's no descendant, @pos * is returned. This can be used during pre-order traversal to skip * subtree of @pos. * * While this function requires cgroup_mutex or RCU read locking, it * doesn't require the whole traversal to be contained in a single critical * section. This function will return the correct rightmost descendant as * long as @pos is accessible. */ struct cgroup_subsys_state * css_rightmost_descendant(struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *last, *tmp; cgroup_assert_mutex_or_rcu_locked(); do { last = pos; /* ->prev isn't RCU safe, walk ->next till the end */ pos = NULL; css_for_each_child(tmp, last) pos = tmp; } while (pos); return last; } static struct cgroup_subsys_state * css_leftmost_descendant(struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *last; do { last = pos; pos = css_next_child(NULL, pos); } while (pos); return last; } /** * css_next_descendant_post - find the next descendant for post-order walk * @pos: the current position (%NULL to initiate traversal) * @root: css whose descendants to walk * * To be used by css_for_each_descendant_post(). Find the next descendant * to visit for post-order traversal of @root's descendants. @root is * included in the iteration and the last node to be visited. * * While this function requires cgroup_mutex or RCU read locking, it * doesn't require the whole traversal to be contained in a single critical * section. This function will return the correct next descendant as long * as both @pos and @cgroup are accessible and @pos is a descendant of * @cgroup. * * If a subsystem synchronizes ->css_online() and the start of iteration, a * css which finished ->css_online() is guaranteed to be visible in the * future iterations and will stay visible until the last reference is put. * A css which hasn't finished ->css_online() or already finished * ->css_offline() may show up during traversal. It's each subsystem's * responsibility to synchronize against on/offlining. */ struct cgroup_subsys_state * css_next_descendant_post(struct cgroup_subsys_state *pos, struct cgroup_subsys_state *root) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *next; cgroup_assert_mutex_or_rcu_locked(); /* if first iteration, visit leftmost descendant which may be @root */ if (!pos) return css_leftmost_descendant(root); /* if we visited @root, we're done */ if (pos == root) return NULL; /* if there's an unvisited sibling, visit its leftmost descendant */ next = css_next_child(pos, pos->parent); if (next) return css_leftmost_descendant(next); /* no sibling left, visit parent */ return pos->parent; } /** * css_has_online_children - does a css have online children * @css: the target css * * Returns %true if @css has any online children; otherwise, %false. This * function can be called from any context but the caller is responsible * for synchronizing against on/offlining as necessary. */ bool css_has_online_children(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *child; bool ret = false; rcu_read_lock(); css_for_each_child(child, css) { if (child->flags & CSS_ONLINE) { ret = true; break; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return ret; } static struct css_set *css_task_iter_next_css_set(struct css_task_iter *it) { struct list_head *l; struct cgrp_cset_link *link; struct css_set *cset; lockdep_assert_held(&css_set_lock); /* find the next threaded cset */ if (it->tcset_pos) { l = it->tcset_pos->next; if (l != it->tcset_head) { it->tcset_pos = l; return container_of(l, struct css_set, threaded_csets_node); } it->tcset_pos = NULL; } /* find the next cset */ l = it->cset_pos; l = l->next; if (l == it->cset_head) { it->cset_pos = NULL; return NULL; } if (it->ss) { cset = container_of(l, struct css_set, e_cset_node[it->ss->id]); } else { link = list_entry(l, struct cgrp_cset_link, cset_link); cset = link->cset; } it->cset_pos = l; /* initialize threaded css_set walking */ if (it->flags & CSS_TASK_ITER_THREADED) { if (it->cur_dcset) put_css_set_locked(it->cur_dcset); it->cur_dcset = cset; get_css_set(cset); it->tcset_head = &cset->threaded_csets; it->tcset_pos = &cset->threaded_csets; } return cset; } /** * css_task_iter_advance_css_set - advance a task itererator to the next css_set * @it: the iterator to advance * * Advance @it to the next css_set to walk. */ static void css_task_iter_advance_css_set(struct css_task_iter *it) { struct css_set *cset; lockdep_assert_held(&css_set_lock); /* Advance to the next non-empty css_set and find first non-empty tasks list*/ while ((cset = css_task_iter_next_css_set(it))) { if (!list_empty(&cset->tasks)) { it->cur_tasks_head = &cset->tasks; break; } else if (!list_empty(&cset->mg_tasks)) { it->cur_tasks_head = &cset->mg_tasks; break; } else if (!list_empty(&cset->dying_tasks)) { it->cur_tasks_head = &cset->dying_tasks; break; } } if (!cset) { it->task_pos = NULL; return; } it->task_pos = it->cur_tasks_head->next; /* * We don't keep css_sets locked across iteration steps and thus * need to take steps to ensure that iteration can be resumed after * the lock is re-acquired. Iteration is performed at two levels - * css_sets and tasks in them. * * Once created, a css_set never leaves its cgroup lists, so a * pinned css_set is guaranteed to stay put and we can resume * iteration afterwards. * * Tasks may leave @cset across iteration steps. This is resolved * by registering each iterator with the css_set currently being * walked and making css_set_move_task() advance iterators whose * next task is leaving. */ if (it->cur_cset) { list_del(&it->iters_node); put_css_set_locked(it->cur_cset); } get_css_set(cset); it->cur_cset = cset; list_add(&it->iters_node, &cset->task_iters); } static void css_task_iter_skip(struct css_task_iter *it, struct task_struct *task) { lockdep_assert_held(&css_set_lock); if (it->task_pos == &task->cg_list) { it->task_pos = it->task_pos->next; it->flags |= CSS_TASK_ITER_SKIPPED; } } static void css_task_iter_advance(struct css_task_iter *it) { struct task_struct *task; lockdep_assert_held(&css_set_lock); repeat: if (it->task_pos) { /* * Advance iterator to find next entry. We go through cset * tasks, mg_tasks and dying_tasks, when consumed we move onto * the next cset. */ if (it->flags & CSS_TASK_ITER_SKIPPED) it->flags &= ~CSS_TASK_ITER_SKIPPED; else it->task_pos = it->task_pos->next; if (it->task_pos == &it->cur_cset->tasks) { it->cur_tasks_head = &it->cur_cset->mg_tasks; it->task_pos = it->cur_tasks_head->next; } if (it->task_pos == &it->cur_cset->mg_tasks) { it->cur_tasks_head = &it->cur_cset->dying_tasks; it->task_pos = it->cur_tasks_head->next; } if (it->task_pos == &it->cur_cset->dying_tasks) css_task_iter_advance_css_set(it); } else { /* called from start, proceed to the first cset */ css_task_iter_advance_css_set(it); } if (!it->task_pos) return; task = list_entry(it->task_pos, struct task_struct, cg_list); if (it->flags & CSS_TASK_ITER_PROCS) { /* if PROCS, skip over tasks which aren't group leaders */ if (!thread_group_leader(task)) goto repeat; /* and dying leaders w/o live member threads */ if (it->cur_tasks_head == &it->cur_cset->dying_tasks && !atomic_read(&task->signal->live)) goto repeat; } else { /* skip all dying ones */ if (it->cur_tasks_head == &it->cur_cset->dying_tasks) goto repeat; } } /** * css_task_iter_start - initiate task iteration * @css: the css to walk tasks of * @flags: CSS_TASK_ITER_* flags * @it: the task iterator to use * * Initiate iteration through the tasks of @css. The caller can call * css_task_iter_next() to walk through the tasks until the function * returns NULL. On completion of iteration, css_task_iter_end() must be * called. */ void css_task_iter_start(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, unsigned int flags, struct css_task_iter *it) { memset(it, 0, sizeof(*it)); spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); it->ss = css->ss; it->flags = flags; if (it->ss) it->cset_pos = &css->cgroup->e_csets[css->ss->id]; else it->cset_pos = &css->cgroup->cset_links; it->cset_head = it->cset_pos; css_task_iter_advance(it); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); } /** * css_task_iter_next - return the next task for the iterator * @it: the task iterator being iterated * * The "next" function for task iteration. @it should have been * initialized via css_task_iter_start(). Returns NULL when the iteration * reaches the end. */ struct task_struct *css_task_iter_next(struct css_task_iter *it) { if (it->cur_task) { put_task_struct(it->cur_task); it->cur_task = NULL; } spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); /* @it may be half-advanced by skips, finish advancing */ if (it->flags & CSS_TASK_ITER_SKIPPED) css_task_iter_advance(it); if (it->task_pos) { it->cur_task = list_entry(it->task_pos, struct task_struct, cg_list); get_task_struct(it->cur_task); css_task_iter_advance(it); } spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); return it->cur_task; } /** * css_task_iter_end - finish task iteration * @it: the task iterator to finish * * Finish task iteration started by css_task_iter_start(). */ void css_task_iter_end(struct css_task_iter *it) { if (it->cur_cset) { spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); list_del(&it->iters_node); put_css_set_locked(it->cur_cset); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); } if (it->cur_dcset) put_css_set(it->cur_dcset); if (it->cur_task) put_task_struct(it->cur_task); } static void cgroup_procs_release(struct kernfs_open_file *of) { if (of->priv) { css_task_iter_end(of->priv); kfree(of->priv); } } static void *cgroup_procs_next(struct seq_file *s, void *v, loff_t *pos) { struct kernfs_open_file *of = s->private; struct css_task_iter *it = of->priv; if (pos) (*pos)++; return css_task_iter_next(it); } static void *__cgroup_procs_start(struct seq_file *s, loff_t *pos, unsigned int iter_flags) { struct kernfs_open_file *of = s->private; struct cgroup *cgrp = seq_css(s)->cgroup; struct css_task_iter *it = of->priv; /* * When a seq_file is seeked, it's always traversed sequentially * from position 0, so we can simply keep iterating on !0 *pos. */ if (!it) { if (WARN_ON_ONCE((*pos))) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); it = kzalloc(sizeof(*it), GFP_KERNEL); if (!it) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); of->priv = it; css_task_iter_start(&cgrp->self, iter_flags, it); } else if (!(*pos)) { css_task_iter_end(it); css_task_iter_start(&cgrp->self, iter_flags, it); } else return it->cur_task; return cgroup_procs_next(s, NULL, NULL); } static void *cgroup_procs_start(struct seq_file *s, loff_t *pos) { struct cgroup *cgrp = seq_css(s)->cgroup; /* * All processes of a threaded subtree belong to the domain cgroup * of the subtree. Only threads can be distributed across the * subtree. Reject reads on cgroup.procs in the subtree proper. * They're always empty anyway. */ if (cgroup_is_threaded(cgrp)) return ERR_PTR(-EOPNOTSUPP); return __cgroup_procs_start(s, pos, CSS_TASK_ITER_PROCS | CSS_TASK_ITER_THREADED); } static int cgroup_procs_show(struct seq_file *s, void *v) { seq_printf(s, "%d\n", task_pid_vnr(v)); return 0; } static int cgroup_may_write(const struct cgroup *cgrp, struct super_block *sb) { int ret; struct inode *inode; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); inode = kernfs_get_inode(sb, cgrp->procs_file.kn); if (!inode) return -ENOMEM; ret = inode_permission(inode, MAY_WRITE); iput(inode); return ret; } static int cgroup_procs_write_permission(struct cgroup *src_cgrp, struct cgroup *dst_cgrp, struct super_block *sb) { struct cgroup_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->cgroup_ns; struct cgroup *com_cgrp = src_cgrp; int ret; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); /* find the common ancestor */ while (!cgroup_is_descendant(dst_cgrp, com_cgrp)) com_cgrp = cgroup_parent(com_cgrp); /* %current should be authorized to migrate to the common ancestor */ ret = cgroup_may_write(com_cgrp, sb); if (ret) return ret; /* * If namespaces are delegation boundaries, %current must be able * to see both source and destination cgroups from its namespace. */ if ((cgrp_dfl_root.flags & CGRP_ROOT_NS_DELEGATE) && (!cgroup_is_descendant(src_cgrp, ns->root_cset->dfl_cgrp) || !cgroup_is_descendant(dst_cgrp, ns->root_cset->dfl_cgrp))) return -ENOENT; return 0; } static int cgroup_attach_permissions(struct cgroup *src_cgrp, struct cgroup *dst_cgrp, struct super_block *sb, bool threadgroup) { int ret = 0; ret = cgroup_procs_write_permission(src_cgrp, dst_cgrp, sb); if (ret) return ret; ret = cgroup_migrate_vet_dst(dst_cgrp); if (ret) return ret; if (!threadgroup && (src_cgrp->dom_cgrp != dst_cgrp->dom_cgrp)) ret = -EOPNOTSUPP; return ret; } static ssize_t cgroup_procs_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { struct cgroup *src_cgrp, *dst_cgrp; struct task_struct *task; ssize_t ret; bool locked; dst_cgrp = cgroup_kn_lock_live(of->kn, false); if (!dst_cgrp) return -ENODEV; task = cgroup_procs_write_start(buf, true, &locked); ret = PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(task); if (ret) goto out_unlock; /* find the source cgroup */ spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); src_cgrp = task_cgroup_from_root(task, &cgrp_dfl_root); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); ret = cgroup_attach_permissions(src_cgrp, dst_cgrp, of->file->f_path.dentry->d_sb, true); if (ret) goto out_finish; ret = cgroup_attach_task(dst_cgrp, task, true); out_finish: cgroup_procs_write_finish(task, locked); out_unlock: cgroup_kn_unlock(of->kn); return ret ?: nbytes; } static void *cgroup_threads_start(struct seq_file *s, loff_t *pos) { return __cgroup_procs_start(s, pos, 0); } static ssize_t cgroup_threads_write(struct kernfs_open_file *of, char *buf, size_t nbytes, loff_t off) { struct cgroup *src_cgrp, *dst_cgrp; struct task_struct *task; ssize_t ret; bool locked; buf = strstrip(buf); dst_cgrp = cgroup_kn_lock_live(of->kn, false); if (!dst_cgrp) return -ENODEV; task = cgroup_procs_write_start(buf, false, &locked); ret = PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(task); if (ret) goto out_unlock; /* find the source cgroup */ spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); src_cgrp = task_cgroup_from_root(task, &cgrp_dfl_root); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); /* thread migrations follow the cgroup.procs delegation rule */ ret = cgroup_attach_permissions(src_cgrp, dst_cgrp, of->file->f_path.dentry->d_sb, false); if (ret) goto out_finish; ret = cgroup_attach_task(dst_cgrp, task, false); out_finish: cgroup_procs_write_finish(task, locked); out_unlock: cgroup_kn_unlock(of->kn); return ret ?: nbytes; } /* cgroup core interface files for the default hierarchy */ static struct cftype cgroup_base_files[] = { { .name = "cgroup.type", .flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT, .seq_show = cgroup_type_show, .write = cgroup_type_write, }, { .name = "cgroup.procs", .flags = CFTYPE_NS_DELEGATABLE, .file_offset = offsetof(struct cgroup, procs_file), .release = cgroup_procs_release, .seq_start = cgroup_procs_start, .seq_next = cgroup_procs_next, .seq_show = cgroup_procs_show, .write = cgroup_procs_write, }, { .name = "cgroup.threads", .flags = CFTYPE_NS_DELEGATABLE, .release = cgroup_procs_release, .seq_start = cgroup_threads_start, .seq_next = cgroup_procs_next, .seq_show = cgroup_procs_show, .write = cgroup_threads_write, }, { .name = "cgroup.controllers", .seq_show = cgroup_controllers_show, }, { .name = "cgroup.subtree_control", .flags = CFTYPE_NS_DELEGATABLE, .seq_show = cgroup_subtree_control_show, .write = cgroup_subtree_control_write, }, { .name = "cgroup.events", .flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT, .file_offset = offsetof(struct cgroup, events_file), .seq_show = cgroup_events_show, }, { .name = "cgroup.max.descendants", .seq_show = cgroup_max_descendants_show, .write = cgroup_max_descendants_write, }, { .name = "cgroup.max.depth", .seq_show = cgroup_max_depth_show, .write = cgroup_max_depth_write, }, { .name = "cgroup.stat", .seq_show = cgroup_stat_show, }, { .name = "cgroup.freeze", .flags = CFTYPE_NOT_ON_ROOT, .seq_show = cgroup_freeze_show, .write = cgroup_freeze_write, }, { .name = "cpu.stat", .seq_show = cpu_stat_show, }, #ifdef CONFIG_PSI { .name = "io.pressure", .seq_show = cgroup_io_pressure_show, .write = cgroup_io_pressure_write, .poll = cgroup_pressure_poll, .release = cgroup_pressure_release, }, { .name = "memory.pressure", .seq_show = cgroup_memory_pressure_show, .write = cgroup_memory_pressure_write, .poll = cgroup_pressure_poll, .release = cgroup_pressure_release, }, { .name = "cpu.pressure", .seq_show = cgroup_cpu_pressure_show, .write = cgroup_cpu_pressure_write, .poll = cgroup_pressure_poll, .release = cgroup_pressure_release, }, #endif /* CONFIG_PSI */ { } /* terminate */ }; /* * css destruction is four-stage process. * * 1. Destruction starts. Killing of the percpu_ref is initiated. * Implemented in kill_css(). * * 2. When the percpu_ref is confirmed to be visible as killed on all CPUs * and thus css_tryget_online() is guaranteed to fail, the css can be * offlined by invoking offline_css(). After offlining, the base ref is * put. Implemented in css_killed_work_fn(). * * 3. When the percpu_ref reaches zero, the only possible remaining * accessors are inside RCU read sections. css_release() schedules the * RCU callback. * * 4. After the grace period, the css can be freed. Implemented in * css_free_work_fn(). * * It is actually hairier because both step 2 and 4 require process context * and thus involve punting to css->destroy_work adding two additional * steps to the already complex sequence. */ static void css_free_rwork_fn(struct work_struct *work) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = container_of(to_rcu_work(work), struct cgroup_subsys_state, destroy_rwork); struct cgroup_subsys *ss = css->ss; struct cgroup *cgrp = css->cgroup; percpu_ref_exit(&css->refcnt); if (ss) { /* css free path */ struct cgroup_subsys_state *parent = css->parent; int id = css->id; ss->css_free(css); cgroup_idr_remove(&ss->css_idr, id); cgroup_put(cgrp); if (parent) css_put(parent); } else { /* cgroup free path */ atomic_dec(&cgrp->root->nr_cgrps); cgroup1_pidlist_destroy_all(cgrp); cancel_work_sync(&cgrp->release_agent_work); if (cgroup_parent(cgrp)) { /* * We get a ref to the parent, and put the ref when * this cgroup is being freed, so it's guaranteed * that the parent won't be destroyed before its * children. */ cgroup_put(cgroup_parent(cgrp)); kernfs_put(cgrp->kn); psi_cgroup_free(cgrp); if (cgroup_on_dfl(cgrp)) cgroup_rstat_exit(cgrp); kfree(cgrp); } else { /* * This is root cgroup's refcnt reaching zero, * which indicates that the root should be * released. */ cgroup_destroy_root(cgrp->root); } } } static void css_release_work_fn(struct work_struct *work) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = container_of(work, struct cgroup_subsys_state, destroy_work); struct cgroup_subsys *ss = css->ss; struct cgroup *cgrp = css->cgroup; mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); css->flags |= CSS_RELEASED; list_del_rcu(&css->sibling); if (ss) { /* css release path */ if (!list_empty(&css->rstat_css_node)) { cgroup_rstat_flush(cgrp); list_del_rcu(&css->rstat_css_node); } cgroup_idr_replace(&ss->css_idr, NULL, css->id); if (ss->css_released) ss->css_released(css); } else { struct cgroup *tcgrp; /* cgroup release path */ TRACE_CGROUP_PATH(release, cgrp); if (cgroup_on_dfl(cgrp)) cgroup_rstat_flush(cgrp); spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); for (tcgrp = cgroup_parent(cgrp); tcgrp; tcgrp = cgroup_parent(tcgrp)) tcgrp->nr_dying_descendants--; spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); /* * There are two control paths which try to determine * cgroup from dentry without going through kernfs - * cgroupstats_build() and css_tryget_online_from_dir(). * Those are supported by RCU protecting clearing of * cgrp->kn->priv backpointer. */ if (cgrp->kn) RCU_INIT_POINTER(*(void __rcu __force **)&cgrp->kn->priv, NULL); } mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); INIT_RCU_WORK(&css->destroy_rwork, css_free_rwork_fn); queue_rcu_work(cgroup_destroy_wq, &css->destroy_rwork); } static void css_release(struct percpu_ref *ref) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = container_of(ref, struct cgroup_subsys_state, refcnt); INIT_WORK(&css->destroy_work, css_release_work_fn); queue_work(cgroup_destroy_wq, &css->destroy_work); } static void init_and_link_css(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cgroup_subsys *ss, struct cgroup *cgrp) { lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); cgroup_get_live(cgrp); memset(css, 0, sizeof(*css)); css->cgroup = cgrp; css->ss = ss; css->id = -1; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&css->sibling); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&css->children); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&css->rstat_css_node); css->serial_nr = css_serial_nr_next++; atomic_set(&css->online_cnt, 0); if (cgroup_parent(cgrp)) { css->parent = cgroup_css(cgroup_parent(cgrp), ss); css_get(css->parent); } if (cgroup_on_dfl(cgrp) && ss->css_rstat_flush) list_add_rcu(&css->rstat_css_node, &cgrp->rstat_css_list); BUG_ON(cgroup_css(cgrp, ss)); } /* invoke ->css_online() on a new CSS and mark it online if successful */ static int online_css(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss = css->ss; int ret = 0; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); if (ss->css_online) ret = ss->css_online(css); if (!ret) { css->flags |= CSS_ONLINE; rcu_assign_pointer(css->cgroup->subsys[ss->id], css); atomic_inc(&css->online_cnt); if (css->parent) atomic_inc(&css->parent->online_cnt); } return ret; } /* if the CSS is online, invoke ->css_offline() on it and mark it offline */ static void offline_css(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss = css->ss; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); if (!(css->flags & CSS_ONLINE)) return; if (ss->css_offline) ss->css_offline(css); css->flags &= ~CSS_ONLINE; RCU_INIT_POINTER(css->cgroup->subsys[ss->id], NULL); wake_up_all(&css->cgroup->offline_waitq); } /** * css_create - create a cgroup_subsys_state * @cgrp: the cgroup new css will be associated with * @ss: the subsys of new css * * Create a new css associated with @cgrp - @ss pair. On success, the new * css is online and installed in @cgrp. This function doesn't create the * interface files. Returns 0 on success, -errno on failure. */ static struct cgroup_subsys_state *css_create(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cgroup_subsys *ss) { struct cgroup *parent = cgroup_parent(cgrp); struct cgroup_subsys_state *parent_css = cgroup_css(parent, ss); struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; int err; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); css = ss->css_alloc(parent_css); if (!css) css = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (IS_ERR(css)) return css; init_and_link_css(css, ss, cgrp); err = percpu_ref_init(&css->refcnt, css_release, 0, GFP_KERNEL); if (err) goto err_free_css; err = cgroup_idr_alloc(&ss->css_idr, NULL, 2, 0, GFP_KERNEL); if (err < 0) goto err_free_css; css->id = err; /* @css is ready to be brought online now, make it visible */ list_add_tail_rcu(&css->sibling, &parent_css->children); cgroup_idr_replace(&ss->css_idr, css, css->id); err = online_css(css); if (err) goto err_list_del; if (ss->broken_hierarchy && !ss->warned_broken_hierarchy && cgroup_parent(parent)) { pr_warn("%s (%d) created nested cgroup for controller \"%s\" which has incomplete hierarchy support. Nested cgroups may change behavior in the future.\n", current->comm, current->pid, ss->name); if (!strcmp(ss->name, "memory")) pr_warn("\"memory\" requires setting use_hierarchy to 1 on the root\n"); ss->warned_broken_hierarchy = true; } return css; err_list_del: list_del_rcu(&css->sibling); err_free_css: list_del_rcu(&css->rstat_css_node); INIT_RCU_WORK(&css->destroy_rwork, css_free_rwork_fn); queue_rcu_work(cgroup_destroy_wq, &css->destroy_rwork); return ERR_PTR(err); } /* * The returned cgroup is fully initialized including its control mask, but * it isn't associated with its kernfs_node and doesn't have the control * mask applied. */ static struct cgroup *cgroup_create(struct cgroup *parent, const char *name, umode_t mode) { struct cgroup_root *root = parent->root; struct cgroup *cgrp, *tcgrp; struct kernfs_node *kn; int level = parent->level + 1; int ret; /* allocate the cgroup and its ID, 0 is reserved for the root */ cgrp = kzalloc(struct_size(cgrp, ancestor_ids, (level + 1)), GFP_KERNEL); if (!cgrp) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); ret = percpu_ref_init(&cgrp->self.refcnt, css_release, 0, GFP_KERNEL); if (ret) goto out_free_cgrp; if (cgroup_on_dfl(parent)) { ret = cgroup_rstat_init(cgrp); if (ret) goto out_cancel_ref; } /* create the directory */ kn = kernfs_create_dir(parent->kn, name, mode, cgrp); if (IS_ERR(kn)) { ret = PTR_ERR(kn); goto out_stat_exit; } cgrp->kn = kn; init_cgroup_housekeeping(cgrp); cgrp->self.parent = &parent->self; cgrp->root = root; cgrp->level = level; ret = psi_cgroup_alloc(cgrp); if (ret) goto out_kernfs_remove; ret = cgroup_bpf_inherit(cgrp); if (ret) goto out_psi_free; /* * New cgroup inherits effective freeze counter, and * if the parent has to be frozen, the child has too. */ cgrp->freezer.e_freeze = parent->freezer.e_freeze; if (cgrp->freezer.e_freeze) { /* * Set the CGRP_FREEZE flag, so when a process will be * attached to the child cgroup, it will become frozen. * At this point the new cgroup is unpopulated, so we can * consider it frozen immediately. */ set_bit(CGRP_FREEZE, &cgrp->flags); set_bit(CGRP_FROZEN, &cgrp->flags); } spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); for (tcgrp = cgrp; tcgrp; tcgrp = cgroup_parent(tcgrp)) { cgrp->ancestor_ids[tcgrp->level] = cgroup_id(tcgrp); if (tcgrp != cgrp) { tcgrp->nr_descendants++; /* * If the new cgroup is frozen, all ancestor cgroups * get a new frozen descendant, but their state can't * change because of this. */ if (cgrp->freezer.e_freeze) tcgrp->freezer.nr_frozen_descendants++; } } spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); if (notify_on_release(parent)) set_bit(CGRP_NOTIFY_ON_RELEASE, &cgrp->flags); if (test_bit(CGRP_CPUSET_CLONE_CHILDREN, &parent->flags)) set_bit(CGRP_CPUSET_CLONE_CHILDREN, &cgrp->flags); cgrp->self.serial_nr = css_serial_nr_next++; /* allocation complete, commit to creation */ list_add_tail_rcu(&cgrp->self.sibling, &cgroup_parent(cgrp)->self.children); atomic_inc(&root->nr_cgrps); cgroup_get_live(parent); /* * On the default hierarchy, a child doesn't automatically inherit * subtree_control from the parent. Each is configured manually. */ if (!cgroup_on_dfl(cgrp)) cgrp->subtree_control = cgroup_control(cgrp); cgroup_propagate_control(cgrp); return cgrp; out_psi_free: psi_cgroup_free(cgrp); out_kernfs_remove: kernfs_remove(cgrp->kn); out_stat_exit: if (cgroup_on_dfl(parent)) cgroup_rstat_exit(cgrp); out_cancel_ref: percpu_ref_exit(&cgrp->self.refcnt); out_free_cgrp: kfree(cgrp); return ERR_PTR(ret); } static bool cgroup_check_hierarchy_limits(struct cgroup *parent) { struct cgroup *cgroup; int ret = false; int level = 1; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); for (cgroup = parent; cgroup; cgroup = cgroup_parent(cgroup)) { if (cgroup->nr_descendants >= cgroup->max_descendants) goto fail; if (level > cgroup->max_depth) goto fail; level++; } ret = true; fail: return ret; } int cgroup_mkdir(struct kernfs_node *parent_kn, const char *name, umode_t mode) { struct cgroup *parent, *cgrp; int ret; /* do not accept '\n' to prevent making /proc/<pid>/cgroup unparsable */ if (strchr(name, '\n')) return -EINVAL; parent = cgroup_kn_lock_live(parent_kn, false); if (!parent) return -ENODEV; if (!cgroup_check_hierarchy_limits(parent)) { ret = -EAGAIN; goto out_unlock; } cgrp = cgroup_create(parent, name, mode); if (IS_ERR(cgrp)) { ret = PTR_ERR(cgrp); goto out_unlock; } /* * This extra ref will be put in cgroup_free_fn() and guarantees * that @cgrp->kn is always accessible. */ kernfs_get(cgrp->kn); ret = cgroup_kn_set_ugid(cgrp->kn); if (ret) goto out_destroy; ret = css_populate_dir(&cgrp->self); if (ret) goto out_destroy; ret = cgroup_apply_control_enable(cgrp); if (ret) goto out_destroy; TRACE_CGROUP_PATH(mkdir, cgrp); /* let's create and online css's */ kernfs_activate(cgrp->kn); ret = 0; goto out_unlock; out_destroy: cgroup_destroy_locked(cgrp); out_unlock: cgroup_kn_unlock(parent_kn); return ret; } /* * This is called when the refcnt of a css is confirmed to be killed. * css_tryget_online() is now guaranteed to fail. Tell the subsystem to * initate destruction and put the css ref from kill_css(). */ static void css_killed_work_fn(struct work_struct *work) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = container_of(work, struct cgroup_subsys_state, destroy_work); mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); do { offline_css(css); css_put(css); /* @css can't go away while we're holding cgroup_mutex */ css = css->parent; } while (css && atomic_dec_and_test(&css->online_cnt)); mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); } /* css kill confirmation processing requires process context, bounce */ static void css_killed_ref_fn(struct percpu_ref *ref) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = container_of(ref, struct cgroup_subsys_state, refcnt); if (atomic_dec_and_test(&css->online_cnt)) { INIT_WORK(&css->destroy_work, css_killed_work_fn); queue_work(cgroup_destroy_wq, &css->destroy_work); } } /** * kill_css - destroy a css * @css: css to destroy * * This function initiates destruction of @css by removing cgroup interface * files and putting its base reference. ->css_offline() will be invoked * asynchronously once css_tryget_online() is guaranteed to fail and when * the reference count reaches zero, @css will be released. */ static void kill_css(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); if (css->flags & CSS_DYING) return; css->flags |= CSS_DYING; /* * This must happen before css is disassociated with its cgroup. * See seq_css() for details. */ css_clear_dir(css); /* * Killing would put the base ref, but we need to keep it alive * until after ->css_offline(). */ css_get(css); /* * cgroup core guarantees that, by the time ->css_offline() is * invoked, no new css reference will be given out via * css_tryget_online(). We can't simply call percpu_ref_kill() and * proceed to offlining css's because percpu_ref_kill() doesn't * guarantee that the ref is seen as killed on all CPUs on return. * * Use percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm() to get notifications as each * css is confirmed to be seen as killed on all CPUs. */ percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm(&css->refcnt, css_killed_ref_fn); } /** * cgroup_destroy_locked - the first stage of cgroup destruction * @cgrp: cgroup to be destroyed * * css's make use of percpu refcnts whose killing latency shouldn't be * exposed to userland and are RCU protected. Also, cgroup core needs to * guarantee that css_tryget_online() won't succeed by the time * ->css_offline() is invoked. To satisfy all the requirements, * destruction is implemented in the following two steps. * * s1. Verify @cgrp can be destroyed and mark it dying. Remove all * userland visible parts and start killing the percpu refcnts of * css's. Set up so that the next stage will be kicked off once all * the percpu refcnts are confirmed to be killed. * * s2. Invoke ->css_offline(), mark the cgroup dead and proceed with the * rest of destruction. Once all cgroup references are gone, the * cgroup is RCU-freed. * * This function implements s1. After this step, @cgrp is gone as far as * the userland is concerned and a new cgroup with the same name may be * created. As cgroup doesn't care about the names internally, this * doesn't cause any problem. */ static int cgroup_destroy_locked(struct cgroup *cgrp) __releases(&cgroup_mutex) __acquires(&cgroup_mutex) { struct cgroup *tcgrp, *parent = cgroup_parent(cgrp); struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; struct cgrp_cset_link *link; int ssid; lockdep_assert_held(&cgroup_mutex); /* * Only migration can raise populated from zero and we're already * holding cgroup_mutex. */ if (cgroup_is_populated(cgrp)) return -EBUSY; /* * Make sure there's no live children. We can't test emptiness of * ->self.children as dead children linger on it while being * drained; otherwise, "rmdir parent/child parent" may fail. */ if (css_has_online_children(&cgrp->self)) return -EBUSY; /* * Mark @cgrp and the associated csets dead. The former prevents * further task migration and child creation by disabling * cgroup_lock_live_group(). The latter makes the csets ignored by * the migration path. */ cgrp->self.flags &= ~CSS_ONLINE; spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); list_for_each_entry(link, &cgrp->cset_links, cset_link) link->cset->dead = true; spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); /* initiate massacre of all css's */ for_each_css(css, ssid, cgrp) kill_css(css); /* clear and remove @cgrp dir, @cgrp has an extra ref on its kn */ css_clear_dir(&cgrp->self); kernfs_remove(cgrp->kn); if (parent && cgroup_is_threaded(cgrp)) parent->nr_threaded_children--; spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); for (tcgrp = cgroup_parent(cgrp); tcgrp; tcgrp = cgroup_parent(tcgrp)) { tcgrp->nr_descendants--; tcgrp->nr_dying_descendants++; /* * If the dying cgroup is frozen, decrease frozen descendants * counters of ancestor cgroups. */ if (test_bit(CGRP_FROZEN, &cgrp->flags)) tcgrp->freezer.nr_frozen_descendants--; } spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); cgroup1_check_for_release(parent); cgroup_bpf_offline(cgrp); /* put the base reference */ percpu_ref_kill(&cgrp->self.refcnt); return 0; }; int cgroup_rmdir(struct kernfs_node *kn) { struct cgroup *cgrp; int ret = 0; cgrp = cgroup_kn_lock_live(kn, false); if (!cgrp) return 0; ret = cgroup_destroy_locked(cgrp); if (!ret) TRACE_CGROUP_PATH(rmdir, cgrp); cgroup_kn_unlock(kn); return ret; } static struct kernfs_syscall_ops cgroup_kf_syscall_ops = { .show_options = cgroup_show_options, .mkdir = cgroup_mkdir, .rmdir = cgroup_rmdir, .show_path = cgroup_show_path, }; static void __init cgroup_init_subsys(struct cgroup_subsys *ss, bool early) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; pr_debug("Initializing cgroup subsys %s\n", ss->name); mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); idr_init(&ss->css_idr); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ss->cfts); /* Create the root cgroup state for this subsystem */ ss->root = &cgrp_dfl_root; css = ss->css_alloc(cgroup_css(&cgrp_dfl_root.cgrp, ss)); /* We don't handle early failures gracefully */ BUG_ON(IS_ERR(css)); init_and_link_css(css, ss, &cgrp_dfl_root.cgrp); /* * Root csses are never destroyed and we can't initialize * percpu_ref during early init. Disable refcnting. */ css->flags |= CSS_NO_REF; if (early) { /* allocation can't be done safely during early init */ css->id = 1; } else { css->id = cgroup_idr_alloc(&ss->css_idr, css, 1, 2, GFP_KERNEL); BUG_ON(css->id < 0); } /* Update the init_css_set to contain a subsys * pointer to this state - since the subsystem is * newly registered, all tasks and hence the * init_css_set is in the subsystem's root cgroup. */ init_css_set.subsys[ss->id] = css; have_fork_callback |= (bool)ss->fork << ss->id; have_exit_callback |= (bool)ss->exit << ss->id; have_release_callback |= (bool)ss->release << ss->id; have_canfork_callback |= (bool)ss->can_fork << ss->id; /* At system boot, before all subsystems have been * registered, no tasks have been forked, so we don't * need to invoke fork callbacks here. */ BUG_ON(!list_empty(&init_task.tasks)); BUG_ON(online_css(css)); mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); } /** * cgroup_init_early - cgroup initialization at system boot * * Initialize cgroups at system boot, and initialize any * subsystems that request early init. */ int __init cgroup_init_early(void) { static struct cgroup_fs_context __initdata ctx; struct cgroup_subsys *ss; int i; ctx.root = &cgrp_dfl_root; init_cgroup_root(&ctx); cgrp_dfl_root.cgrp.self.flags |= CSS_NO_REF; RCU_INIT_POINTER(init_task.cgroups, &init_css_set); for_each_subsys(ss, i) { WARN(!ss->css_alloc || !ss->css_free || ss->name || ss->id, "invalid cgroup_subsys %d:%s css_alloc=%p css_free=%p id:name=%d:%s\n", i, cgroup_subsys_name[i], ss->css_alloc, ss->css_free, ss->id, ss->name); WARN(strlen(cgroup_subsys_name[i]) > MAX_CGROUP_TYPE_NAMELEN, "cgroup_subsys_name %s too long\n", cgroup_subsys_name[i]); ss->id = i; ss->name = cgroup_subsys_name[i]; if (!ss->legacy_name) ss->legacy_name = cgroup_subsys_name[i]; if (ss->early_init) cgroup_init_subsys(ss, true); } return 0; } /** * cgroup_init - cgroup initialization * * Register cgroup filesystem and /proc file, and initialize * any subsystems that didn't request early init. */ int __init cgroup_init(void) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss; int ssid; BUILD_BUG_ON(CGROUP_SUBSYS_COUNT > 16); BUG_ON(cgroup_init_cftypes(NULL, cgroup_base_files)); BUG_ON(cgroup_init_cftypes(NULL, cgroup1_base_files)); cgroup_rstat_boot(); /* * The latency of the synchronize_rcu() is too high for cgroups, * avoid it at the cost of forcing all readers into the slow path. */ rcu_sync_enter_start(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem.rss); get_user_ns(init_cgroup_ns.user_ns); mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); /* * Add init_css_set to the hash table so that dfl_root can link to * it during init. */ hash_add(css_set_table, &init_css_set.hlist, css_set_hash(init_css_set.subsys)); BUG_ON(cgroup_setup_root(&cgrp_dfl_root, 0)); mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); for_each_subsys(ss, ssid) { if (ss->early_init) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = init_css_set.subsys[ss->id]; css->id = cgroup_idr_alloc(&ss->css_idr, css, 1, 2, GFP_KERNEL); BUG_ON(css->id < 0); } else { cgroup_init_subsys(ss, false); } list_add_tail(&init_css_set.e_cset_node[ssid], &cgrp_dfl_root.cgrp.e_csets[ssid]); /* * Setting dfl_root subsys_mask needs to consider the * disabled flag and cftype registration needs kmalloc, * both of which aren't available during early_init. */ if (!cgroup_ssid_enabled(ssid)) continue; if (cgroup1_ssid_disabled(ssid)) printk(KERN_INFO "Disabling %s control group subsystem in v1 mounts\n", ss->name); cgrp_dfl_root.subsys_mask |= 1 << ss->id; /* implicit controllers must be threaded too */ WARN_ON(ss->implicit_on_dfl && !ss->threaded); if (ss->implicit_on_dfl) cgrp_dfl_implicit_ss_mask |= 1 << ss->id; else if (!ss->dfl_cftypes) cgrp_dfl_inhibit_ss_mask |= 1 << ss->id; if (ss->threaded) cgrp_dfl_threaded_ss_mask |= 1 << ss->id; if (ss->dfl_cftypes == ss->legacy_cftypes) { WARN_ON(cgroup_add_cftypes(ss, ss->dfl_cftypes)); } else { WARN_ON(cgroup_add_dfl_cftypes(ss, ss->dfl_cftypes)); WARN_ON(cgroup_add_legacy_cftypes(ss, ss->legacy_cftypes)); } if (ss->bind) ss->bind(init_css_set.subsys[ssid]); mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); css_populate_dir(init_css_set.subsys[ssid]); mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); } /* init_css_set.subsys[] has been updated, re-hash */ hash_del(&init_css_set.hlist); hash_add(css_set_table, &init_css_set.hlist, css_set_hash(init_css_set.subsys)); WARN_ON(sysfs_create_mount_point(fs_kobj, "cgroup")); WARN_ON(register_filesystem(&cgroup_fs_type)); WARN_ON(register_filesystem(&cgroup2_fs_type)); WARN_ON(!proc_create_single("cgroups", 0, NULL, proc_cgroupstats_show)); #ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS WARN_ON(register_filesystem(&cpuset_fs_type)); #endif return 0; } static int __init cgroup_wq_init(void) { /* * There isn't much point in executing destruction path in * parallel. Good chunk is serialized with cgroup_mutex anyway. * Use 1 for @max_active. * * We would prefer to do this in cgroup_init() above, but that * is called before init_workqueues(): so leave this until after. */ cgroup_destroy_wq = alloc_workqueue("cgroup_destroy", 0, 1); BUG_ON(!cgroup_destroy_wq); return 0; } core_initcall(cgroup_wq_init); void cgroup_path_from_kernfs_id(u64 id, char *buf, size_t buflen) { struct kernfs_node *kn; kn = kernfs_find_and_get_node_by_id(cgrp_dfl_root.kf_root, id); if (!kn) return; kernfs_path(kn, buf, buflen); kernfs_put(kn); } /* * proc_cgroup_show() * - Print task's cgroup paths into seq_file, one line for each hierarchy * - Used for /proc/<pid>/cgroup. */ int proc_cgroup_show(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *tsk) { char *buf; int retval; struct cgroup_root *root; retval = -ENOMEM; buf = kmalloc(PATH_MAX, GFP_KERNEL); if (!buf) goto out; mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); for_each_root(root) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss; struct cgroup *cgrp; int ssid, count = 0; if (root == &cgrp_dfl_root && !cgrp_dfl_visible) continue; seq_printf(m, "%d:", root->hierarchy_id); if (root != &cgrp_dfl_root) for_each_subsys(ss, ssid) if (root->subsys_mask & (1 << ssid)) seq_printf(m, "%s%s", count++ ? "," : "", ss->legacy_name); if (strlen(root->name)) seq_printf(m, "%sname=%s", count ? "," : "", root->name); seq_putc(m, ':'); cgrp = task_cgroup_from_root(tsk, root); /* * On traditional hierarchies, all zombie tasks show up as * belonging to the root cgroup. On the default hierarchy, * while a zombie doesn't show up in "cgroup.procs" and * thus can't be migrated, its /proc/PID/cgroup keeps * reporting the cgroup it belonged to before exiting. If * the cgroup is removed before the zombie is reaped, * " (deleted)" is appended to the cgroup path. */ if (cgroup_on_dfl(cgrp) || !(tsk->flags & PF_EXITING)) { retval = cgroup_path_ns_locked(cgrp, buf, PATH_MAX, current->nsproxy->cgroup_ns); if (retval >= PATH_MAX) retval = -ENAMETOOLONG; if (retval < 0) goto out_unlock; seq_puts(m, buf); } else { seq_puts(m, "/"); } if (cgroup_on_dfl(cgrp) && cgroup_is_dead(cgrp)) seq_puts(m, " (deleted)\n"); else seq_putc(m, '\n'); } retval = 0; out_unlock: spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); kfree(buf); out: return retval; } /** * cgroup_fork - initialize cgroup related fields during copy_process() * @child: pointer to task_struct of forking parent process. * * A task is associated with the init_css_set until cgroup_post_fork() * attaches it to the target css_set. */ void cgroup_fork(struct task_struct *child) { RCU_INIT_POINTER(child->cgroups, &init_css_set); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&child->cg_list); } static struct cgroup *cgroup_get_from_file(struct file *f) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *css; struct cgroup *cgrp; css = css_tryget_online_from_dir(f->f_path.dentry, NULL); if (IS_ERR(css)) return ERR_CAST(css); cgrp = css->cgroup; if (!cgroup_on_dfl(cgrp)) { cgroup_put(cgrp); return ERR_PTR(-EBADF); } return cgrp; } /** * cgroup_css_set_fork - find or create a css_set for a child process * @kargs: the arguments passed to create the child process * * This functions finds or creates a new css_set which the child * process will be attached to in cgroup_post_fork(). By default, * the child process will be given the same css_set as its parent. * * If CLONE_INTO_CGROUP is specified this function will try to find an * existing css_set which includes the requested cgroup and if not create * a new css_set that the child will be attached to later. If this function * succeeds it will hold cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem on return. If * CLONE_INTO_CGROUP is requested this function will grab cgroup mutex * before grabbing cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem and will hold a reference * to the target cgroup. */ static int cgroup_css_set_fork(struct kernel_clone_args *kargs) __acquires(&cgroup_mutex) __acquires(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem) { int ret; struct cgroup *dst_cgrp = NULL; struct css_set *cset; struct super_block *sb; struct file *f; if (kargs->flags & CLONE_INTO_CGROUP) mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); cgroup_threadgroup_change_begin(current); spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); cset = task_css_set(current); get_css_set(cset); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); if (!(kargs->flags & CLONE_INTO_CGROUP)) { kargs->cset = cset; return 0; } f = fget_raw(kargs->cgroup); if (!f) { ret = -EBADF; goto err; } sb = f->f_path.dentry->d_sb; dst_cgrp = cgroup_get_from_file(f); if (IS_ERR(dst_cgrp)) { ret = PTR_ERR(dst_cgrp); dst_cgrp = NULL; goto err; } if (cgroup_is_dead(dst_cgrp)) { ret = -ENODEV; goto err; } /* * Verify that we the target cgroup is writable for us. This is * usually done by the vfs layer but since we're not going through * the vfs layer here we need to do it "manually". */ ret = cgroup_may_write(dst_cgrp, sb); if (ret) goto err; ret = cgroup_attach_permissions(cset->dfl_cgrp, dst_cgrp, sb, !(kargs->flags & CLONE_THREAD)); if (ret) goto err; kargs->cset = find_css_set(cset, dst_cgrp); if (!kargs->cset) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto err; } put_css_set(cset); fput(f); kargs->cgrp = dst_cgrp; return ret; err: cgroup_threadgroup_change_end(current); mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); if (f) fput(f); if (dst_cgrp) cgroup_put(dst_cgrp); put_css_set(cset); if (kargs->cset) put_css_set(kargs->cset); return ret; } /** * cgroup_css_set_put_fork - drop references we took during fork * @kargs: the arguments passed to create the child process * * Drop references to the prepared css_set and target cgroup if * CLONE_INTO_CGROUP was requested. */ static void cgroup_css_set_put_fork(struct kernel_clone_args *kargs) __releases(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem) __releases(&cgroup_mutex) { cgroup_threadgroup_change_end(current); if (kargs->flags & CLONE_INTO_CGROUP) { struct cgroup *cgrp = kargs->cgrp; struct css_set *cset = kargs->cset; mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); if (cset) { put_css_set(cset); kargs->cset = NULL; } if (cgrp) { cgroup_put(cgrp); kargs->cgrp = NULL; } } } /** * cgroup_can_fork - called on a new task before the process is exposed * @child: the child process * * This prepares a new css_set for the child process which the child will * be attached to in cgroup_post_fork(). * This calls the subsystem can_fork() callbacks. If the cgroup_can_fork() * callback returns an error, the fork aborts with that error code. This * allows for a cgroup subsystem to conditionally allow or deny new forks. */ int cgroup_can_fork(struct task_struct *child, struct kernel_clone_args *kargs) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss; int i, j, ret; ret = cgroup_css_set_fork(kargs); if (ret) return ret; do_each_subsys_mask(ss, i, have_canfork_callback) { ret = ss->can_fork(child, kargs->cset); if (ret) goto out_revert; } while_each_subsys_mask(); return 0; out_revert: for_each_subsys(ss, j) { if (j >= i) break; if (ss->cancel_fork) ss->cancel_fork(child, kargs->cset); } cgroup_css_set_put_fork(kargs); return ret; } /** * cgroup_cancel_fork - called if a fork failed after cgroup_can_fork() * @child: the child process * @kargs: the arguments passed to create the child process * * This calls the cancel_fork() callbacks if a fork failed *after* * cgroup_can_fork() succeded and cleans up references we took to * prepare a new css_set for the child process in cgroup_can_fork(). */ void cgroup_cancel_fork(struct task_struct *child, struct kernel_clone_args *kargs) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss; int i; for_each_subsys(ss, i) if (ss->cancel_fork) ss->cancel_fork(child, kargs->cset); cgroup_css_set_put_fork(kargs); } /** * cgroup_post_fork - finalize cgroup setup for the child process * @child: the child process * * Attach the child process to its css_set calling the subsystem fork() * callbacks. */ void cgroup_post_fork(struct task_struct *child, struct kernel_clone_args *kargs) __releases(&cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem) __releases(&cgroup_mutex) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss; struct css_set *cset; int i; cset = kargs->cset; kargs->cset = NULL; spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); /* init tasks are special, only link regular threads */ if (likely(child->pid)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&child->cg_list)); cset->nr_tasks++; css_set_move_task(child, NULL, cset, false); } else { put_css_set(cset); cset = NULL; } /* * If the cgroup has to be frozen, the new task has too. Let's set * the JOBCTL_TRAP_FREEZE jobctl bit to get the task into the * frozen state. */ if (unlikely(cgroup_task_freeze(child))) { spin_lock(&child->sighand->siglock); WARN_ON_ONCE(child->frozen); child->jobctl |= JOBCTL_TRAP_FREEZE; spin_unlock(&child->sighand->siglock); /* * Calling cgroup_update_frozen() isn't required here, * because it will be called anyway a bit later from * do_freezer_trap(). So we avoid cgroup's transient switch * from the frozen state and back. */ } spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); /* * Call ss->fork(). This must happen after @child is linked on * css_set; otherwise, @child might change state between ->fork() * and addition to css_set. */ do_each_subsys_mask(ss, i, have_fork_callback) { ss->fork(child); } while_each_subsys_mask(); /* Make the new cset the root_cset of the new cgroup namespace. */ if (kargs->flags & CLONE_NEWCGROUP) { struct css_set *rcset = child->nsproxy->cgroup_ns->root_cset; get_css_set(cset); child->nsproxy->cgroup_ns->root_cset = cset; put_css_set(rcset); } cgroup_css_set_put_fork(kargs); } /** * cgroup_exit - detach cgroup from exiting task * @tsk: pointer to task_struct of exiting process * * Description: Detach cgroup from @tsk. * */ void cgroup_exit(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss; struct css_set *cset; int i; spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); WARN_ON_ONCE(list_empty(&tsk->cg_list)); cset = task_css_set(tsk); css_set_move_task(tsk, cset, NULL, false); list_add_tail(&tsk->cg_list, &cset->dying_tasks); cset->nr_tasks--; WARN_ON_ONCE(cgroup_task_frozen(tsk)); if (unlikely(cgroup_task_freeze(tsk))) cgroup_update_frozen(task_dfl_cgroup(tsk)); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); /* see cgroup_post_fork() for details */ do_each_subsys_mask(ss, i, have_exit_callback) { ss->exit(tsk); } while_each_subsys_mask(); } void cgroup_release(struct task_struct *task) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss; int ssid; do_each_subsys_mask(ss, ssid, have_release_callback) { ss->release(task); } while_each_subsys_mask(); spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); css_set_skip_task_iters(task_css_set(task), task); list_del_init(&task->cg_list); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); } void cgroup_free(struct task_struct *task) { struct css_set *cset = task_css_set(task); put_css_set(cset); } static int __init cgroup_disable(char *str) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss; char *token; int i; while ((token = strsep(&str, ",")) != NULL) { if (!*token) continue; for_each_subsys(ss, i) { if (strcmp(token, ss->name) && strcmp(token, ss->legacy_name)) continue; static_branch_disable(cgroup_subsys_enabled_key[i]); pr_info("Disabling %s control group subsystem\n", ss->name); } } return 1; } __setup("cgroup_disable=", cgroup_disable); void __init __weak enable_debug_cgroup(void) { } static int __init enable_cgroup_debug(char *str) { cgroup_debug = true; enable_debug_cgroup(); return 1; } __setup("cgroup_debug", enable_cgroup_debug); /** * css_tryget_online_from_dir - get corresponding css from a cgroup dentry * @dentry: directory dentry of interest * @ss: subsystem of interest * * If @dentry is a directory for a cgroup which has @ss enabled on it, try * to get the corresponding css and return it. If such css doesn't exist * or can't be pinned, an ERR_PTR value is returned. */ struct cgroup_subsys_state *css_tryget_online_from_dir(struct dentry *dentry, struct cgroup_subsys *ss) { struct kernfs_node *kn = kernfs_node_from_dentry(dentry); struct file_system_type *s_type = dentry->d_sb->s_type; struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = NULL; struct cgroup *cgrp; /* is @dentry a cgroup dir? */ if ((s_type != &cgroup_fs_type && s_type != &cgroup2_fs_type) || !kn || kernfs_type(kn) != KERNFS_DIR) return ERR_PTR(-EBADF); rcu_read_lock(); /* * This path doesn't originate from kernfs and @kn could already * have been or be removed at any point. @kn->priv is RCU * protected for this access. See css_release_work_fn() for details. */ cgrp = rcu_dereference(*(void __rcu __force **)&kn->priv); if (cgrp) css = cgroup_css(cgrp, ss); if (!css || !css_tryget_online(css)) css = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); rcu_read_unlock(); return css; } /** * css_from_id - lookup css by id * @id: the cgroup id * @ss: cgroup subsys to be looked into * * Returns the css if there's valid one with @id, otherwise returns NULL. * Should be called under rcu_read_lock(). */ struct cgroup_subsys_state *css_from_id(int id, struct cgroup_subsys *ss) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return idr_find(&ss->css_idr, id); } /** * cgroup_get_from_path - lookup and get a cgroup from its default hierarchy path * @path: path on the default hierarchy * * Find the cgroup at @path on the default hierarchy, increment its * reference count and return it. Returns pointer to the found cgroup on * success, ERR_PTR(-ENOENT) if @path doens't exist and ERR_PTR(-ENOTDIR) * if @path points to a non-directory. */ struct cgroup *cgroup_get_from_path(const char *path) { struct kernfs_node *kn; struct cgroup *cgrp; mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); kn = kernfs_walk_and_get(cgrp_dfl_root.cgrp.kn, path); if (kn) { if (kernfs_type(kn) == KERNFS_DIR) { cgrp = kn->priv; cgroup_get_live(cgrp); } else { cgrp = ERR_PTR(-ENOTDIR); } kernfs_put(kn); } else { cgrp = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); return cgrp; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cgroup_get_from_path); /** * cgroup_get_from_fd - get a cgroup pointer from a fd * @fd: fd obtained by open(cgroup2_dir) * * Find the cgroup from a fd which should be obtained * by opening a cgroup directory. Returns a pointer to the * cgroup on success. ERR_PTR is returned if the cgroup * cannot be found. */ struct cgroup *cgroup_get_from_fd(int fd) { struct cgroup *cgrp; struct file *f; f = fget_raw(fd); if (!f) return ERR_PTR(-EBADF); cgrp = cgroup_get_from_file(f); fput(f); return cgrp; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cgroup_get_from_fd); static u64 power_of_ten(int power) { u64 v = 1; while (power--) v *= 10; return v; } /** * cgroup_parse_float - parse a floating number * @input: input string * @dec_shift: number of decimal digits to shift * @v: output * * Parse a decimal floating point number in @input and store the result in * @v with decimal point right shifted @dec_shift times. For example, if * @input is "12.3456" and @dec_shift is 3, *@v will be set to 12345. * Returns 0 on success, -errno otherwise. * * There's nothing cgroup specific about this function except that it's * currently the only user. */ int cgroup_parse_float(const char *input, unsigned dec_shift, s64 *v) { s64 whole, frac = 0; int fstart = 0, fend = 0, flen; if (!sscanf(input, "%lld.%n%lld%n", &whole, &fstart, &frac, &fend)) return -EINVAL; if (frac < 0) return -EINVAL; flen = fend > fstart ? fend - fstart : 0; if (flen < dec_shift) frac *= power_of_ten(dec_shift - flen); else frac = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST_ULL(frac, power_of_ten(flen - dec_shift)); *v = whole * power_of_ten(dec_shift) + frac; return 0; } /* * sock->sk_cgrp_data handling. For more info, see sock_cgroup_data * definition in cgroup-defs.h. */ #ifdef CONFIG_SOCK_CGROUP_DATA #if defined(CONFIG_CGROUP_NET_PRIO) || defined(CONFIG_CGROUP_NET_CLASSID) DEFINE_SPINLOCK(cgroup_sk_update_lock); static bool cgroup_sk_alloc_disabled __read_mostly; void cgroup_sk_alloc_disable(void) { if (cgroup_sk_alloc_disabled) return; pr_info("cgroup: disabling cgroup2 socket matching due to net_prio or net_cls activation\n"); cgroup_sk_alloc_disabled = true; } #else #define cgroup_sk_alloc_disabled false #endif void cgroup_sk_alloc(struct sock_cgroup_data *skcd) { if (cgroup_sk_alloc_disabled) { skcd->no_refcnt = 1; return; } /* Don't associate the sock with unrelated interrupted task's cgroup. */ if (in_interrupt()) return; rcu_read_lock(); while (true) { struct css_set *cset; cset = task_css_set(current); if (likely(cgroup_tryget(cset->dfl_cgrp))) { skcd->val = (unsigned long)cset->dfl_cgrp; cgroup_bpf_get(cset->dfl_cgrp); break; } cpu_relax(); } rcu_read_unlock(); } void cgroup_sk_clone(struct sock_cgroup_data *skcd) { if (skcd->val) { if (skcd->no_refcnt) return; /* * We might be cloning a socket which is left in an empty * cgroup and the cgroup might have already been rmdir'd. * Don't use cgroup_get_live(). */ cgroup_get(sock_cgroup_ptr(skcd)); cgroup_bpf_get(sock_cgroup_ptr(skcd)); } } void cgroup_sk_free(struct sock_cgroup_data *skcd) { struct cgroup *cgrp = sock_cgroup_ptr(skcd); if (skcd->no_refcnt) return; cgroup_bpf_put(cgrp); cgroup_put(cgrp); } #endif /* CONFIG_SOCK_CGROUP_DATA */ #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_BPF int cgroup_bpf_attach(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_prog *replace_prog, struct bpf_cgroup_link *link, enum bpf_attach_type type, u32 flags) { int ret; mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); ret = __cgroup_bpf_attach(cgrp, prog, replace_prog, link, type, flags); mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); return ret; } int cgroup_bpf_detach(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct bpf_prog *prog, enum bpf_attach_type type) { int ret; mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); ret = __cgroup_bpf_detach(cgrp, prog, NULL, type); mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); return ret; } int cgroup_bpf_query(struct cgroup *cgrp, const union bpf_attr *attr, union bpf_attr __user *uattr) { int ret; mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex); ret = __cgroup_bpf_query(cgrp, attr, uattr); mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex); return ret; } #endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_BPF */ #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS static ssize_t show_delegatable_files(struct cftype *files, char *buf, ssize_t size, const char *prefix) { struct cftype *cft; ssize_t ret = 0; for (cft = files; cft && cft->name[0] != '\0'; cft++) { if (!(cft->flags & CFTYPE_NS_DELEGATABLE)) continue; if (prefix) ret += snprintf(buf + ret, size - ret, "%s.", prefix); ret += snprintf(buf + ret, size - ret, "%s\n", cft->name); if (WARN_ON(ret >= size)) break; } return ret; } static ssize_t delegate_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct cgroup_subsys *ss; int ssid; ssize_t ret = 0; ret = show_delegatable_files(cgroup_base_files, buf, PAGE_SIZE - ret, NULL); for_each_subsys(ss, ssid) ret += show_delegatable_files(ss->dfl_cftypes, buf + ret, PAGE_SIZE - ret, cgroup_subsys_name[ssid]); return ret; } static struct kobj_attribute cgroup_delegate_attr = __ATTR_RO(delegate); static ssize_t features_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf) { return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "nsdelegate\n" "memory_localevents\n" "memory_recursiveprot\n"); } static struct kobj_attribute cgroup_features_attr = __ATTR_RO(features); static struct attribute *cgroup_sysfs_attrs[] = { &cgroup_delegate_attr.attr, &cgroup_features_attr.attr, NULL, }; static const struct attribute_group cgroup_sysfs_attr_group = { .attrs = cgroup_sysfs_attrs, .name = "cgroup", }; static int __init cgroup_sysfs_init(void) { return sysfs_create_group(kernel_kobj, &cgroup_sysfs_attr_group); } subsys_initcall(cgroup_sysfs_init); #endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM qdisc #if !defined(_TRACE_QDISC_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_QDISC_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/pkt_sched.h> #include <net/sch_generic.h> TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_dequeue, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *qdisc, const struct netdev_queue *txq, int packets, struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(qdisc, txq, packets, skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( struct Qdisc *, qdisc ) __field(const struct netdev_queue *, txq ) __field( int, packets ) __field( void *, skbaddr ) __field( int, ifindex ) __field( u32, handle ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( unsigned long, txq_state) ), /* skb==NULL indicate packets dequeued was 0, even when packets==1 */ TP_fast_assign( __entry->qdisc = qdisc; __entry->txq = txq; __entry->packets = skb ? packets : 0; __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->ifindex = txq->dev ? txq->dev->ifindex : 0; __entry->handle = qdisc->handle; __entry->parent = qdisc->parent; __entry->txq_state = txq->state; ), TP_printk("dequeue ifindex=%d qdisc handle=0x%X parent=0x%X txq_state=0x%lX packets=%d skbaddr=%p", __entry->ifindex, __entry->handle, __entry->parent, __entry->txq_state, __entry->packets, __entry->skbaddr ) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_reset, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *q), TP_ARGS(q), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, qdisc_dev(q) ) __string( kind, q->ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( u32, handle ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, qdisc_dev(q)); __assign_str(kind, q->ops->id); __entry->parent = q->parent; __entry->handle = q->handle; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x handle=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->handle) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->handle)) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_destroy, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *q), TP_ARGS(q), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, qdisc_dev(q) ) __string( kind, q->ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( u32, handle ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, qdisc_dev(q)); __assign_str(kind, q->ops->id); __entry->parent = q->parent; __entry->handle = q->handle; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x handle=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->handle) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->handle)) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_create, TP_PROTO(const struct Qdisc_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev, u32 parent), TP_ARGS(ops, dev, parent), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, dev->name ) __string( kind, ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, dev->name); __assign_str(kind, ops->id); __entry->parent = parent; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_QDISC_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * linux/include/linux/sunrpc/addr.h * * Various routines for copying and comparing sockaddrs and for * converting them to and from presentation format. */ #ifndef _LINUX_SUNRPC_ADDR_H #define _LINUX_SUNRPC_ADDR_H #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> size_t rpc_ntop(const struct sockaddr *, char *, const size_t); size_t rpc_pton(struct net *, const char *, const size_t, struct sockaddr *, const size_t); char * rpc_sockaddr2uaddr(const struct sockaddr *, gfp_t); size_t rpc_uaddr2sockaddr(struct net *, const char *, const size_t, struct sockaddr *, const size_t); static inline unsigned short rpc_get_port(const struct sockaddr *sap) { switch (sap->sa_family) { case AF_INET: return ntohs(((struct sockaddr_in *)sap)->sin_port); case AF_INET6: return ntohs(((struct sockaddr_in6 *)sap)->sin6_port); } return 0; } static inline void rpc_set_port(struct sockaddr *sap, const unsigned short port) { switch (sap->sa_family) { case AF_INET: ((struct sockaddr_in *)sap)->sin_port = htons(port); break; case AF_INET6: ((struct sockaddr_in6 *)sap)->sin6_port = htons(port); break; } } #define IPV6_SCOPE_DELIMITER '%' #define IPV6_SCOPE_ID_LEN sizeof("%nnnnnnnnnn") static inline bool rpc_cmp_addr4(const struct sockaddr *sap1, const struct sockaddr *sap2) { const struct sockaddr_in *sin1 = (const struct sockaddr_in *)sap1; const struct sockaddr_in *sin2 = (const struct sockaddr_in *)sap2; return sin1->sin_addr.s_addr == sin2->sin_addr.s_addr; } static inline bool __rpc_copy_addr4(struct sockaddr *dst, const struct sockaddr *src) { const struct sockaddr_in *ssin = (struct sockaddr_in *) src; struct sockaddr_in *dsin = (struct sockaddr_in *) dst; dsin->sin_family = ssin->sin_family; dsin->sin_addr.s_addr = ssin->sin_addr.s_addr; return true; } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline bool rpc_cmp_addr6(const struct sockaddr *sap1, const struct sockaddr *sap2) { const struct sockaddr_in6 *sin1 = (const struct sockaddr_in6 *)sap1; const struct sockaddr_in6 *sin2 = (const struct sockaddr_in6 *)sap2; if (!ipv6_addr_equal(&sin1->sin6_addr, &sin2->sin6_addr)) return false; else if (ipv6_addr_type(&sin1->sin6_addr) & IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL) return sin1->sin6_scope_id == sin2->sin6_scope_id; return true; } static inline bool __rpc_copy_addr6(struct sockaddr *dst, const struct sockaddr *src) { const struct sockaddr_in6 *ssin6 = (const struct sockaddr_in6 *) src; struct sockaddr_in6 *dsin6 = (struct sockaddr_in6 *) dst; dsin6->sin6_family = ssin6->sin6_family; dsin6->sin6_addr = ssin6->sin6_addr; dsin6->sin6_scope_id = ssin6->sin6_scope_id; return true; } #else /* !(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) */ static inline bool rpc_cmp_addr6(const struct sockaddr *sap1, const struct sockaddr *sap2) { return false; } static inline bool __rpc_copy_addr6(struct sockaddr *dst, const struct sockaddr *src) { return false; } #endif /* !(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) */ /** * rpc_cmp_addr - compare the address portion of two sockaddrs. * @sap1: first sockaddr * @sap2: second sockaddr * * Just compares the family and address portion. Ignores port, but * compares the scope if it's a link-local address. * * Returns true if the addrs are equal, false if they aren't. */ static inline bool rpc_cmp_addr(const struct sockaddr *sap1, const struct sockaddr *sap2) { if (sap1->sa_family == sap2->sa_family) { switch (sap1->sa_family) { case AF_INET: return rpc_cmp_addr4(sap1, sap2); case AF_INET6: return rpc_cmp_addr6(sap1, sap2); } } return false; } /** * rpc_cmp_addr_port - compare the address and port number of two sockaddrs. * @sap1: first sockaddr * @sap2: second sockaddr */ static inline bool rpc_cmp_addr_port(const struct sockaddr *sap1, const struct sockaddr *sap2) { if (!rpc_cmp_addr(sap1, sap2)) return false; return rpc_get_port(sap1) == rpc_get_port(sap2); } /** * rpc_copy_addr - copy the address portion of one sockaddr to another * @dst: destination sockaddr * @src: source sockaddr * * Just copies the address portion and family. Ignores port, scope, etc. * Caller is responsible for making certain that dst is large enough to hold * the address in src. Returns true if address family is supported. Returns * false otherwise. */ static inline bool rpc_copy_addr(struct sockaddr *dst, const struct sockaddr *src) { switch (src->sa_family) { case AF_INET: return __rpc_copy_addr4(dst, src); case AF_INET6: return __rpc_copy_addr6(dst, src); } return false; } /** * rpc_get_scope_id - return scopeid for a given sockaddr * @sa: sockaddr to get scopeid from * * Returns the value of the sin6_scope_id for AF_INET6 addrs, or 0 if * not an AF_INET6 address. */ static inline u32 rpc_get_scope_id(const struct sockaddr *sa) { if (sa->sa_family != AF_INET6) return 0; return ((struct sockaddr_in6 *) sa)->sin6_scope_id; } #endif /* _LINUX_SUNRPC_ADDR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * This file is part of the Linux kernel. * * Copyright (c) 2011-2014, Intel Corporation * Authors: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>, * H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com> */ #ifndef ASM_X86_ARCHRANDOM_H #define ASM_X86_ARCHRANDOM_H #include <asm/processor.h> #include <asm/cpufeature.h> #define RDRAND_RETRY_LOOPS 10 /* Unconditional execution of RDRAND and RDSEED */ static inline bool __must_check rdrand_long(unsigned long *v) { bool ok; unsigned int retry = RDRAND_RETRY_LOOPS; do { asm volatile("rdrand %[out]" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (ok), [out] "=r" (*v)); if (ok) return true; } while (--retry); return false; } static inline bool __must_check rdrand_int(unsigned int *v) { bool ok; unsigned int retry = RDRAND_RETRY_LOOPS; do { asm volatile("rdrand %[out]" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (ok), [out] "=r" (*v)); if (ok) return true; } while (--retry); return false; } static inline bool __must_check rdseed_long(unsigned long *v) { bool ok; asm volatile("rdseed %[out]" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (ok), [out] "=r" (*v)); return ok; } static inline bool __must_check rdseed_int(unsigned int *v) { bool ok; asm volatile("rdseed %[out]" CC_SET(c) : CC_OUT(c) (ok), [out] "=r" (*v)); return ok; } /* * These are the generic interfaces; they must not be declared if the * stubs in <linux/random.h> are to be invoked, * i.e. CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM is not defined. */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM static inline bool __must_check arch_get_random_long(unsigned long *v) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDRAND) ? rdrand_long(v) : false; } static inline bool __must_check arch_get_random_int(unsigned int *v) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDRAND) ? rdrand_int(v) : false; } static inline bool __must_check arch_get_random_seed_long(unsigned long *v) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDSEED) ? rdseed_long(v) : false; } static inline bool __must_check arch_get_random_seed_int(unsigned int *v) { return static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDSEED) ? rdseed_int(v) : false; } extern void x86_init_rdrand(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c); #else /* !CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM */ static inline void x86_init_rdrand(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c) { } #endif /* !CONFIG_ARCH_RANDOM */ #endif /* ASM_X86_ARCHRANDOM_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only #include <linux/stat.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/kmemleak.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #define UCOUNTS_HASHTABLE_BITS 10 static struct hlist_head ucounts_hashtable[(1 << UCOUNTS_HASHTABLE_BITS)]; static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(ucounts_lock); #define ucounts_hashfn(ns, uid) \ hash_long((unsigned long)__kuid_val(uid) + (unsigned long)(ns), \ UCOUNTS_HASHTABLE_BITS) #define ucounts_hashentry(ns, uid) \ (ucounts_hashtable + ucounts_hashfn(ns, uid)) #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL static struct ctl_table_set * set_lookup(struct ctl_table_root *root) { return &current_user_ns()->set; } static int set_is_seen(struct ctl_table_set *set) { return &current_user_ns()->set == set; } static int set_permissions(struct ctl_table_header *head, struct ctl_table *table) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = container_of(head->set, struct user_namespace, set); int mode; /* Allow users with CAP_SYS_RESOURCE unrestrained access */ if (ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) mode = (table->mode & S_IRWXU) >> 6; else /* Allow all others at most read-only access */ mode = table->mode & S_IROTH; return (mode << 6) | (mode << 3) | mode; } static struct ctl_table_root set_root = { .lookup = set_lookup, .permissions = set_permissions, }; #define UCOUNT_ENTRY(name) \ { \ .procname = name, \ .maxlen = sizeof(int), \ .mode = 0644, \ .proc_handler = proc_dointvec_minmax, \ .extra1 = SYSCTL_ZERO, \ .extra2 = SYSCTL_INT_MAX, \ } static struct ctl_table user_table[] = { UCOUNT_ENTRY("max_user_namespaces"), UCOUNT_ENTRY("max_pid_namespaces"), UCOUNT_ENTRY("max_uts_namespaces"), UCOUNT_ENTRY("max_ipc_namespaces"), UCOUNT_ENTRY("max_net_namespaces"), UCOUNT_ENTRY("max_mnt_namespaces"), UCOUNT_ENTRY("max_cgroup_namespaces"), UCOUNT_ENTRY("max_time_namespaces"), #ifdef CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER UCOUNT_ENTRY("max_inotify_instances"), UCOUNT_ENTRY("max_inotify_watches"), #endif { } }; #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */ bool setup_userns_sysctls(struct user_namespace *ns) { #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table *tbl; BUILD_BUG_ON(ARRAY_SIZE(user_table) != UCOUNT_COUNTS + 1); setup_sysctl_set(&ns->set, &set_root, set_is_seen); tbl = kmemdup(user_table, sizeof(user_table), GFP_KERNEL); if (tbl) { int i; for (i = 0; i < UCOUNT_COUNTS; i++) { tbl[i].data = &ns->ucount_max[i]; } ns->sysctls = __register_sysctl_table(&ns->set, "user", tbl); } if (!ns->sysctls) { kfree(tbl); retire_sysctl_set(&ns->set); return false; } #endif return true; } void retire_userns_sysctls(struct user_namespace *ns) { #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL struct ctl_table *tbl; tbl = ns->sysctls->ctl_table_arg; unregister_sysctl_table(ns->sysctls); retire_sysctl_set(&ns->set); kfree(tbl); #endif } static struct ucounts *find_ucounts(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid, struct hlist_head *hashent) { struct ucounts *ucounts; hlist_for_each_entry(ucounts, hashent, node) { if (uid_eq(ucounts->uid, uid) && (ucounts->ns == ns)) return ucounts; } return NULL; } static struct ucounts *get_ucounts(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid) { struct hlist_head *hashent = ucounts_hashentry(ns, uid); struct ucounts *ucounts, *new; spin_lock_irq(&ucounts_lock); ucounts = find_ucounts(ns, uid, hashent); if (!ucounts) { spin_unlock_irq(&ucounts_lock); new = kzalloc(sizeof(*new), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new) return NULL; new->ns = ns; new->uid = uid; new->count = 0; spin_lock_irq(&ucounts_lock); ucounts = find_ucounts(ns, uid, hashent); if (ucounts) { kfree(new); } else { hlist_add_head(&new->node, hashent); ucounts = new; } } if (ucounts->count == INT_MAX) ucounts = NULL; else ucounts->count += 1; spin_unlock_irq(&ucounts_lock); return ucounts; } static void put_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&ucounts_lock, flags); ucounts->count -= 1; if (!ucounts->count) hlist_del_init(&ucounts->node); else ucounts = NULL; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ucounts_lock, flags); kfree(ucounts); } static inline bool atomic_inc_below(atomic_t *v, int u) { int c, old; c = atomic_read(v); for (;;) { if (unlikely(c >= u)) return false; old = atomic_cmpxchg(v, c, c+1); if (likely(old == c)) return true; c = old; } } struct ucounts *inc_ucount(struct user_namespace *ns, kuid_t uid, enum ucount_type type) { struct ucounts *ucounts, *iter, *bad; struct user_namespace *tns; ucounts = get_ucounts(ns, uid); for (iter = ucounts; iter; iter = tns->ucounts) { int max; tns = iter->ns; max = READ_ONCE(tns->ucount_max[type]); if (!atomic_inc_below(&iter->ucount[type], max)) goto fail; } return ucounts; fail: bad = iter; for (iter = ucounts; iter != bad; iter = iter->ns->ucounts) atomic_dec(&iter->ucount[type]); put_ucounts(ucounts); return NULL; } void dec_ucount(struct ucounts *ucounts, enum ucount_type type) { struct ucounts *iter; for (iter = ucounts; iter; iter = iter->ns->ucounts) { int dec = atomic_dec_if_positive(&iter->ucount[type]); WARN_ON_ONCE(dec < 0); } put_ucounts(ucounts); } static __init int user_namespace_sysctl_init(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL static struct ctl_table_header *user_header; static struct ctl_table empty[1]; /* * It is necessary to register the user directory in the * default set so that registrations in the child sets work * properly. */ user_header = register_sysctl("user", empty); kmemleak_ignore(user_header); BUG_ON(!user_header); BUG_ON(!setup_userns_sysctls(&init_user_ns)); #endif return 0; } subsys_initcall(user_namespace_sysctl_init);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_RCULIST_BL_H #define _LINUX_RCULIST_BL_H /* * RCU-protected bl list version. See include/linux/list_bl.h. */ #include <linux/list_bl.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> static inline void hlist_bl_set_first_rcu(struct hlist_bl_head *h, struct hlist_bl_node *n) { LIST_BL_BUG_ON((unsigned long)n & LIST_BL_LOCKMASK); LIST_BL_BUG_ON(((unsigned long)h->first & LIST_BL_LOCKMASK) != LIST_BL_LOCKMASK); rcu_assign_pointer(h->first, (struct hlist_bl_node *)((unsigned long)n | LIST_BL_LOCKMASK)); } static inline struct hlist_bl_node *hlist_bl_first_rcu(struct hlist_bl_head *h) { return (struct hlist_bl_node *) ((unsigned long)rcu_dereference_check(h->first, hlist_bl_is_locked(h)) & ~LIST_BL_LOCKMASK); } /** * hlist_bl_del_rcu - deletes entry from hash list without re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: hlist_bl_unhashed() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the hash list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_bl_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_bl_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_bl_for_each_entry(). */ static inline void hlist_bl_del_rcu(struct hlist_bl_node *n) { __hlist_bl_del(n); n->pprev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * hlist_bl_add_head_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist_bl, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_bl_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_bl_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_bl_add_head_rcu(struct hlist_bl_node *n, struct hlist_bl_head *h) { struct hlist_bl_node *first; /* don't need hlist_bl_first_rcu because we're under lock */ first = hlist_bl_first(h); n->next = first; if (first) first->pprev = &n->next; n->pprev = &h->first; /* need _rcu because we can have concurrent lock free readers */ hlist_bl_set_first_rcu(h, n); } /** * hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @pos: the &struct hlist_bl_node to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_bl_node within the struct. * */ #define hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu(tpos, pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_bl_first_rcu(head); \ pos && \ ({ tpos = hlist_bl_entry(pos, typeof(*tpos), member); 1; }); \ pos = rcu_dereference_raw(pos->next)) #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * The proc filesystem constants/structures */ #ifndef _LINUX_PROC_FS_H #define _LINUX_PROC_FS_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/fs.h> struct proc_dir_entry; struct seq_file; struct seq_operations; enum { /* * All /proc entries using this ->proc_ops instance are never removed. * * If in doubt, ignore this flag. */ #ifdef MODULE PROC_ENTRY_PERMANENT = 0U, #else PROC_ENTRY_PERMANENT = 1U << 0, #endif }; struct proc_ops { unsigned int proc_flags; int (*proc_open)(struct inode *, struct file *); ssize_t (*proc_read)(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); ssize_t (*proc_read_iter)(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); ssize_t (*proc_write)(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *); loff_t (*proc_lseek)(struct file *, loff_t, int); int (*proc_release)(struct inode *, struct file *); __poll_t (*proc_poll)(struct file *, struct poll_table_struct *); long (*proc_ioctl)(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT long (*proc_compat_ioctl)(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); #endif int (*proc_mmap)(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); unsigned long (*proc_get_unmapped_area)(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long); } __randomize_layout; /* definitions for hide_pid field */ enum proc_hidepid { HIDEPID_OFF = 0, HIDEPID_NO_ACCESS = 1, HIDEPID_INVISIBLE = 2, HIDEPID_NOT_PTRACEABLE = 4, /* Limit pids to only ptraceable pids */ }; /* definitions for proc mount option pidonly */ enum proc_pidonly { PROC_PIDONLY_OFF = 0, PROC_PIDONLY_ON = 1, }; struct proc_fs_info { struct pid_namespace *pid_ns; struct dentry *proc_self; /* For /proc/self */ struct dentry *proc_thread_self; /* For /proc/thread-self */ kgid_t pid_gid; enum proc_hidepid hide_pid; enum proc_pidonly pidonly; }; static inline struct proc_fs_info *proc_sb_info(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS typedef int (*proc_write_t)(struct file *, char *, size_t); extern void proc_root_init(void); extern void proc_flush_pid(struct pid *); extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_symlink(const char *, struct proc_dir_entry *, const char *); struct proc_dir_entry *_proc_mkdir(const char *, umode_t, struct proc_dir_entry *, void *, bool); extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir(const char *, struct proc_dir_entry *); extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_data(const char *, umode_t, struct proc_dir_entry *, void *); extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_mode(const char *, umode_t, struct proc_dir_entry *); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_mount_point(const char *name); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_seq_private(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct seq_operations *ops, unsigned int state_size, void *data); #define proc_create_seq_data(name, mode, parent, ops, data) \ proc_create_seq_private(name, mode, parent, ops, 0, data) #define proc_create_seq(name, mode, parent, ops) \ proc_create_seq_private(name, mode, parent, ops, 0, NULL) struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_single_data(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *), void *data); #define proc_create_single(name, mode, parent, show) \ proc_create_single_data(name, mode, parent, show, NULL) extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_data(const char *, umode_t, struct proc_dir_entry *, const struct proc_ops *, void *); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct proc_ops *proc_ops); extern void proc_set_size(struct proc_dir_entry *, loff_t); extern void proc_set_user(struct proc_dir_entry *, kuid_t, kgid_t); extern void *PDE_DATA(const struct inode *); extern void *proc_get_parent_data(const struct inode *); extern void proc_remove(struct proc_dir_entry *); extern void remove_proc_entry(const char *, struct proc_dir_entry *); extern int remove_proc_subtree(const char *, struct proc_dir_entry *); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_data(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct seq_operations *ops, unsigned int state_size, void *data); #define proc_create_net(name, mode, parent, ops, state_size) \ proc_create_net_data(name, mode, parent, ops, state_size, NULL) struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_single(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *), void *data); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_data_write(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, const struct seq_operations *ops, proc_write_t write, unsigned int state_size, void *data); struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_single_write(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *), proc_write_t write, void *data); extern struct pid *tgid_pidfd_to_pid(const struct file *file); struct bpf_iter_aux_info; extern int bpf_iter_init_seq_net(void *priv_data, struct bpf_iter_aux_info *aux); extern void bpf_iter_fini_seq_net(void *priv_data); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_ARCH_STATUS /* * The architecture which selects CONFIG_PROC_PID_ARCH_STATUS must * provide proc_pid_arch_status() definition. */ int proc_pid_arch_status(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task); #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_PID_ARCH_STATUS */ #else /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ static inline void proc_root_init(void) { } static inline void proc_flush_pid(struct pid *pid) { } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_symlink(const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent,const char *dest) { return NULL;} static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir(const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent) {return NULL;} static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_mount_point(const char *name) { return NULL; } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *_proc_mkdir(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, void *data, bool force_lookup) { return NULL; } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_data(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent, void *data) { return NULL; } static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_mkdir_mode(const char *name, umode_t mode, struct proc_dir_entry *parent) { return NULL; } #define proc_create_seq_private(name, mode, parent, ops, size, data) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_seq_data(name, mode, parent, ops, data) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_seq(name, mode, parent, ops) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_single(name, mode, parent, show) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_single_data(name, mode, parent, show, data) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create(name, mode, parent, proc_ops) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_data(name, mode, parent, proc_ops, data) ({NULL;}) static inline void proc_set_size(struct proc_dir_entry *de, loff_t size) {} static inline void proc_set_user(struct proc_dir_entry *de, kuid_t uid, kgid_t gid) {} static inline void *PDE_DATA(const struct inode *inode) {BUG(); return NULL;} static inline void *proc_get_parent_data(const struct inode *inode) { BUG(); return NULL; } static inline void proc_remove(struct proc_dir_entry *de) {} #define remove_proc_entry(name, parent) do {} while (0) static inline int remove_proc_subtree(const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent) { return 0; } #define proc_create_net_data(name, mode, parent, ops, state_size, data) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_net(name, mode, parent, state_size, ops) ({NULL;}) #define proc_create_net_single(name, mode, parent, show, data) ({NULL;}) static inline struct pid *tgid_pidfd_to_pid(const struct file *file) { return ERR_PTR(-EBADF); } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ struct net; static inline struct proc_dir_entry *proc_net_mkdir( struct net *net, const char *name, struct proc_dir_entry *parent) { return _proc_mkdir(name, 0, parent, net, true); } struct ns_common; int open_related_ns(struct ns_common *ns, struct ns_common *(*get_ns)(struct ns_common *ns)); /* get the associated pid namespace for a file in procfs */ static inline struct pid_namespace *proc_pid_ns(struct super_block *sb) { return proc_sb_info(sb)->pid_ns; } bool proc_ns_file(const struct file *file); #endif /* _LINUX_PROC_FS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 #ifndef _LINUX_HASH_H #define _LINUX_HASH_H /* Fast hashing routine for ints, longs and pointers. (C) 2002 Nadia Yvette Chambers, IBM */ #include <asm/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> /* * The "GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME" is used in ifs/btrfs/brtfs_inode.h and * fs/inode.c. It's not actually prime any more (the previous primes * were actively bad for hashing), but the name remains. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 #define GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME GOLDEN_RATIO_32 #define hash_long(val, bits) hash_32(val, bits) #elif BITS_PER_LONG == 64 #define hash_long(val, bits) hash_64(val, bits) #define GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME GOLDEN_RATIO_64 #else #error Wordsize not 32 or 64 #endif /* * This hash multiplies the input by a large odd number and takes the * high bits. Since multiplication propagates changes to the most * significant end only, it is essential that the high bits of the * product be used for the hash value. * * Chuck Lever verified the effectiveness of this technique: * http://www.citi.umich.edu/techreports/reports/citi-tr-00-1.pdf * * Although a random odd number will do, it turns out that the golden * ratio phi = (sqrt(5)-1)/2, or its negative, has particularly nice * properties. (See Knuth vol 3, section 6.4, exercise 9.) * * These are the negative, (1 - phi) = phi**2 = (3 - sqrt(5))/2, * which is very slightly easier to multiply by and makes no * difference to the hash distribution. */ #define GOLDEN_RATIO_32 0x61C88647 #define GOLDEN_RATIO_64 0x61C8864680B583EBull #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HASH /* This header may use the GOLDEN_RATIO_xx constants */ #include <asm/hash.h> #endif /* * The _generic versions exist only so lib/test_hash.c can compare * the arch-optimized versions with the generic. * * Note that if you change these, any <asm/hash.h> that aren't updated * to match need to have their HAVE_ARCH_* define values updated so the * self-test will not false-positive. */ #ifndef HAVE_ARCH__HASH_32 #define __hash_32 __hash_32_generic #endif static inline u32 __hash_32_generic(u32 val) { return val * GOLDEN_RATIO_32; } #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_HASH_32 #define hash_32 hash_32_generic #endif static inline u32 hash_32_generic(u32 val, unsigned int bits) { /* High bits are more random, so use them. */ return __hash_32(val) >> (32 - bits); } #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_HASH_64 #define hash_64 hash_64_generic #endif static __always_inline u32 hash_64_generic(u64 val, unsigned int bits) { #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* 64x64-bit multiply is efficient on all 64-bit processors */ return val * GOLDEN_RATIO_64 >> (64 - bits); #else /* Hash 64 bits using only 32x32-bit multiply. */ return hash_32((u32)val ^ __hash_32(val >> 32), bits); #endif } static inline u32 hash_ptr(const void *ptr, unsigned int bits) { return hash_long((unsigned long)ptr, bits); } /* This really should be called fold32_ptr; it does no hashing to speak of. */ static inline u32 hash32_ptr(const void *ptr) { unsigned long val = (unsigned long)ptr; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 val ^= (val >> 32); #endif return (u32)val; } #endif /* _LINUX_HASH_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PAGE_REF_H #define _LINUX_PAGE_REF_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_set); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod_and_test); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod_and_return); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod_unless); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_freeze); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_unfreeze); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGE_REF /* * Ideally we would want to use the trace_<tracepoint>_enabled() helper * functions. But due to include header file issues, that is not * feasible. Instead we have to open code the static key functions. * * See trace_##name##_enabled(void) in include/linux/tracepoint.h */ #define page_ref_tracepoint_active(t) tracepoint_enabled(t) extern void __page_ref_set(struct page *page, int v); extern void __page_ref_mod(struct page *page, int v); extern void __page_ref_mod_and_test(struct page *page, int v, int ret); extern void __page_ref_mod_and_return(struct page *page, int v, int ret); extern void __page_ref_mod_unless(struct page *page, int v, int u); extern void __page_ref_freeze(struct page *page, int v, int ret); extern void __page_ref_unfreeze(struct page *page, int v); #else #define page_ref_tracepoint_active(t) false static inline void __page_ref_set(struct page *page, int v) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod(struct page *page, int v) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod_and_test(struct page *page, int v, int ret) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod_and_return(struct page *page, int v, int ret) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod_unless(struct page *page, int v, int u) { } static inline void __page_ref_freeze(struct page *page, int v, int ret) { } static inline void __page_ref_unfreeze(struct page *page, int v) { } #endif static inline int page_ref_count(struct page *page) { return atomic_read(&page->_refcount); } static inline int page_count(struct page *page) { return atomic_read(&compound_head(page)->_refcount); } static inline void set_page_count(struct page *page, int v) { atomic_set(&page->_refcount, v); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_set)) __page_ref_set(page, v); } /* * Setup the page count before being freed into the page allocator for * the first time (boot or memory hotplug) */ static inline void init_page_count(struct page *page) { set_page_count(page, 1); } static inline void page_ref_add(struct page *page, int nr) { atomic_add(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, nr); } static inline void page_ref_sub(struct page *page, int nr) { atomic_sub(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, -nr); } static inline int page_ref_sub_return(struct page *page, int nr) { int ret = atomic_sub_return(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_return)) __page_ref_mod_and_return(page, -nr, ret); return ret; } static inline void page_ref_inc(struct page *page) { atomic_inc(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, 1); } static inline void page_ref_dec(struct page *page) { atomic_dec(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, -1); } static inline int page_ref_sub_and_test(struct page *page, int nr) { int ret = atomic_sub_and_test(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_test)) __page_ref_mod_and_test(page, -nr, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_inc_return(struct page *page) { int ret = atomic_inc_return(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_return)) __page_ref_mod_and_return(page, 1, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_dec_and_test(struct page *page) { int ret = atomic_dec_and_test(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_test)) __page_ref_mod_and_test(page, -1, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_dec_return(struct page *page) { int ret = atomic_dec_return(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_return)) __page_ref_mod_and_return(page, -1, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_add_unless(struct page *page, int nr, int u) { int ret = atomic_add_unless(&page->_refcount, nr, u); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_unless)) __page_ref_mod_unless(page, nr, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_freeze(struct page *page, int count) { int ret = likely(atomic_cmpxchg(&page->_refcount, count, 0) == count); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_freeze)) __page_ref_freeze(page, count, ret); return ret; } static inline void page_ref_unfreeze(struct page *page, int count) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(page) != 0, page); VM_BUG_ON(count == 0); atomic_set_release(&page->_refcount, count); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_unfreeze)) __page_ref_unfreeze(page, count); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _SCSI_SCSI_DEVICE_H #define _SCSI_SCSI_DEVICE_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <scsi/scsi.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> struct device; struct request_queue; struct scsi_cmnd; struct scsi_lun; struct scsi_sense_hdr; typedef __u64 __bitwise blist_flags_t; #define SCSI_SENSE_BUFFERSIZE 96 struct scsi_mode_data { __u32 length; __u16 block_descriptor_length; __u8 medium_type; __u8 device_specific; __u8 header_length; __u8 longlba:1; }; /* * sdev state: If you alter this, you also need to alter scsi_sysfs.c * (for the ascii descriptions) and the state model enforcer: * scsi_lib:scsi_device_set_state(). */ enum scsi_device_state { SDEV_CREATED = 1, /* device created but not added to sysfs * Only internal commands allowed (for inq) */ SDEV_RUNNING, /* device properly configured * All commands allowed */ SDEV_CANCEL, /* beginning to delete device * Only error handler commands allowed */ SDEV_DEL, /* device deleted * no commands allowed */ SDEV_QUIESCE, /* Device quiescent. No block commands * will be accepted, only specials (which * originate in the mid-layer) */ SDEV_OFFLINE, /* Device offlined (by error handling or * user request */ SDEV_TRANSPORT_OFFLINE, /* Offlined by transport class error handler */ SDEV_BLOCK, /* Device blocked by scsi lld. No * scsi commands from user or midlayer * should be issued to the scsi * lld. */ SDEV_CREATED_BLOCK, /* same as above but for created devices */ }; enum scsi_scan_mode { SCSI_SCAN_INITIAL = 0, SCSI_SCAN_RESCAN, SCSI_SCAN_MANUAL, }; enum scsi_device_event { SDEV_EVT_MEDIA_CHANGE = 1, /* media has changed */ SDEV_EVT_INQUIRY_CHANGE_REPORTED, /* 3F 03 UA reported */ SDEV_EVT_CAPACITY_CHANGE_REPORTED, /* 2A 09 UA reported */ SDEV_EVT_SOFT_THRESHOLD_REACHED_REPORTED, /* 38 07 UA reported */ SDEV_EVT_MODE_PARAMETER_CHANGE_REPORTED, /* 2A 01 UA reported */ SDEV_EVT_LUN_CHANGE_REPORTED, /* 3F 0E UA reported */ SDEV_EVT_ALUA_STATE_CHANGE_REPORTED, /* 2A 06 UA reported */ SDEV_EVT_POWER_ON_RESET_OCCURRED, /* 29 00 UA reported */ SDEV_EVT_FIRST = SDEV_EVT_MEDIA_CHANGE, SDEV_EVT_LAST = SDEV_EVT_POWER_ON_RESET_OCCURRED, SDEV_EVT_MAXBITS = SDEV_EVT_LAST + 1 }; struct scsi_event { enum scsi_device_event evt_type; struct list_head node; /* put union of data structures, for non-simple event types, * here */ }; /** * struct scsi_vpd - SCSI Vital Product Data * @rcu: For kfree_rcu(). * @len: Length in bytes of @data. * @data: VPD data as defined in various T10 SCSI standard documents. */ struct scsi_vpd { struct rcu_head rcu; int len; unsigned char data[]; }; struct scsi_device { struct Scsi_Host *host; struct request_queue *request_queue; /* the next two are protected by the host->host_lock */ struct list_head siblings; /* list of all devices on this host */ struct list_head same_target_siblings; /* just the devices sharing same target id */ atomic_t device_busy; /* commands actually active on LLDD */ atomic_t device_blocked; /* Device returned QUEUE_FULL. */ atomic_t restarts; spinlock_t list_lock; struct list_head starved_entry; unsigned short queue_depth; /* How deep of a queue we want */ unsigned short max_queue_depth; /* max queue depth */ unsigned short last_queue_full_depth; /* These two are used by */ unsigned short last_queue_full_count; /* scsi_track_queue_full() */ unsigned long last_queue_full_time; /* last queue full time */ unsigned long queue_ramp_up_period; /* ramp up period in jiffies */ #define SCSI_DEFAULT_RAMP_UP_PERIOD (120 * HZ) unsigned long last_queue_ramp_up; /* last queue ramp up time */ unsigned int id, channel; u64 lun; unsigned int manufacturer; /* Manufacturer of device, for using * vendor-specific cmd's */ unsigned sector_size; /* size in bytes */ void *hostdata; /* available to low-level driver */ unsigned char type; char scsi_level; char inq_periph_qual; /* PQ from INQUIRY data */ struct mutex inquiry_mutex; unsigned char inquiry_len; /* valid bytes in 'inquiry' */ unsigned char * inquiry; /* INQUIRY response data */ const char * vendor; /* [back_compat] point into 'inquiry' ... */ const char * model; /* ... after scan; point to static string */ const char * rev; /* ... "nullnullnullnull" before scan */ #define SCSI_VPD_PG_LEN 255 struct scsi_vpd __rcu *vpd_pg0; struct scsi_vpd __rcu *vpd_pg83; struct scsi_vpd __rcu *vpd_pg80; struct scsi_vpd __rcu *vpd_pg89; unsigned char current_tag; /* current tag */ struct scsi_target *sdev_target; /* used only for single_lun */ blist_flags_t sdev_bflags; /* black/white flags as also found in * scsi_devinfo.[hc]. For now used only to * pass settings from slave_alloc to scsi * core. */ unsigned int eh_timeout; /* Error handling timeout */ unsigned removable:1; unsigned changed:1; /* Data invalid due to media change */ unsigned busy:1; /* Used to prevent races */ unsigned lockable:1; /* Able to prevent media removal */ unsigned locked:1; /* Media removal disabled */ unsigned borken:1; /* Tell the Seagate driver to be * painfully slow on this device */ unsigned disconnect:1; /* can disconnect */ unsigned soft_reset:1; /* Uses soft reset option */ unsigned sdtr:1; /* Device supports SDTR messages */ unsigned wdtr:1; /* Device supports WDTR messages */ unsigned ppr:1; /* Device supports PPR messages */ unsigned tagged_supported:1; /* Supports SCSI-II tagged queuing */ unsigned simple_tags:1; /* simple queue tag messages are enabled */ unsigned was_reset:1; /* There was a bus reset on the bus for * this device */ unsigned expecting_cc_ua:1; /* Expecting a CHECK_CONDITION/UNIT_ATTN * because we did a bus reset. */ unsigned use_10_for_rw:1; /* first try 10-byte read / write */ unsigned use_10_for_ms:1; /* first try 10-byte mode sense/select */ unsigned set_dbd_for_ms:1; /* Set "DBD" field in mode sense */ unsigned no_report_opcodes:1; /* no REPORT SUPPORTED OPERATION CODES */ unsigned no_write_same:1; /* no WRITE SAME command */ unsigned use_16_for_rw:1; /* Use read/write(16) over read/write(10) */ unsigned skip_ms_page_8:1; /* do not use MODE SENSE page 0x08 */ unsigned skip_ms_page_3f:1; /* do not use MODE SENSE page 0x3f */ unsigned skip_vpd_pages:1; /* do not read VPD pages */ unsigned try_vpd_pages:1; /* attempt to read VPD pages */ unsigned use_192_bytes_for_3f:1; /* ask for 192 bytes from page 0x3f */ unsigned no_start_on_add:1; /* do not issue start on add */ unsigned allow_restart:1; /* issue START_UNIT in error handler */ unsigned manage_start_stop:1; /* Let HLD (sd) manage start/stop */ unsigned start_stop_pwr_cond:1; /* Set power cond. in START_STOP_UNIT */ unsigned no_uld_attach:1; /* disable connecting to upper level drivers */ unsigned select_no_atn:1; unsigned fix_capacity:1; /* READ_CAPACITY is too high by 1 */ unsigned guess_capacity:1; /* READ_CAPACITY might be too high by 1 */ unsigned retry_hwerror:1; /* Retry HARDWARE_ERROR */ unsigned last_sector_bug:1; /* do not use multisector accesses on SD_LAST_BUGGY_SECTORS */ unsigned no_read_disc_info:1; /* Avoid READ_DISC_INFO cmds */ unsigned no_read_capacity_16:1; /* Avoid READ_CAPACITY_16 cmds */ unsigned try_rc_10_first:1; /* Try READ_CAPACACITY_10 first */ unsigned security_supported:1; /* Supports Security Protocols */ unsigned is_visible:1; /* is the device visible in sysfs */ unsigned wce_default_on:1; /* Cache is ON by default */ unsigned no_dif:1; /* T10 PI (DIF) should be disabled */ unsigned broken_fua:1; /* Don't set FUA bit */ unsigned lun_in_cdb:1; /* Store LUN bits in CDB[1] */ unsigned unmap_limit_for_ws:1; /* Use the UNMAP limit for WRITE SAME */ unsigned rpm_autosuspend:1; /* Enable runtime autosuspend at device * creation time */ bool offline_already; /* Device offline message logged */ atomic_t disk_events_disable_depth; /* disable depth for disk events */ DECLARE_BITMAP(supported_events, SDEV_EVT_MAXBITS); /* supported events */ DECLARE_BITMAP(pending_events, SDEV_EVT_MAXBITS); /* pending events */ struct list_head event_list; /* asserted events */ struct work_struct event_work; unsigned int max_device_blocked; /* what device_blocked counts down from */ #define SCSI_DEFAULT_DEVICE_BLOCKED 3 atomic_t iorequest_cnt; atomic_t iodone_cnt; atomic_t ioerr_cnt; struct device sdev_gendev, sdev_dev; struct execute_work ew; /* used to get process context on put */ struct work_struct requeue_work; struct scsi_device_handler *handler; void *handler_data; size_t dma_drain_len; void *dma_drain_buf; unsigned char access_state; struct mutex state_mutex; enum scsi_device_state sdev_state; struct task_struct *quiesced_by; unsigned long sdev_data[]; } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(unsigned long)))); #define to_scsi_device(d) \ container_of(d, struct scsi_device, sdev_gendev) #define class_to_sdev(d) \ container_of(d, struct scsi_device, sdev_dev) #define transport_class_to_sdev(class_dev) \ to_scsi_device(class_dev->parent) #define sdev_dbg(sdev, fmt, a...) \ dev_dbg(&(sdev)->sdev_gendev, fmt, ##a) /* * like scmd_printk, but the device name is passed in * as a string pointer */ __printf(4, 5) void sdev_prefix_printk(const char *, const struct scsi_device *, const char *, const char *, ...); #define sdev_printk(l, sdev, fmt, a...) \ sdev_prefix_printk(l, sdev, NULL, fmt, ##a) __printf(3, 4) void scmd_printk(const char *, const struct scsi_cmnd *, const char *, ...); #define scmd_dbg(scmd, fmt, a...) \ do { \ if ((scmd)->request->rq_disk) \ sdev_dbg((scmd)->device, "[%s] " fmt, \ (scmd)->request->rq_disk->disk_name, ##a);\ else \ sdev_dbg((scmd)->device, fmt, ##a); \ } while (0) enum scsi_target_state { STARGET_CREATED = 1, STARGET_RUNNING, STARGET_REMOVE, STARGET_CREATED_REMOVE, STARGET_DEL, }; /* * scsi_target: representation of a scsi target, for now, this is only * used for single_lun devices. If no one has active IO to the target, * starget_sdev_user is NULL, else it points to the active sdev. */ struct scsi_target { struct scsi_device *starget_sdev_user; struct list_head siblings; struct list_head devices; struct device dev; struct kref reap_ref; /* last put renders target invisible */ unsigned int channel; unsigned int id; /* target id ... replace * scsi_device.id eventually */ unsigned int create:1; /* signal that it needs to be added */ unsigned int single_lun:1; /* Indicates we should only * allow I/O to one of the luns * for the device at a time. */ unsigned int pdt_1f_for_no_lun:1; /* PDT = 0x1f * means no lun present. */ unsigned int no_report_luns:1; /* Don't use * REPORT LUNS for scanning. */ unsigned int expecting_lun_change:1; /* A device has reported * a 3F/0E UA, other devices on * the same target will also. */ /* commands actually active on LLD. */ atomic_t target_busy; atomic_t target_blocked; /* * LLDs should set this in the slave_alloc host template callout. * If set to zero then there is not limit. */ unsigned int can_queue; unsigned int max_target_blocked; #define SCSI_DEFAULT_TARGET_BLOCKED 3 char scsi_level; enum scsi_target_state state; void *hostdata; /* available to low-level driver */ unsigned long starget_data[]; /* for the transport */ /* starget_data must be the last element!!!! */ } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(unsigned long)))); #define to_scsi_target(d) container_of(d, struct scsi_target, dev) static inline struct scsi_target *scsi_target(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return to_scsi_target(sdev->sdev_gendev.parent); } #define transport_class_to_starget(class_dev) \ to_scsi_target(class_dev->parent) #define starget_printk(prefix, starget, fmt, a...) \ dev_printk(prefix, &(starget)->dev, fmt, ##a) extern struct scsi_device *__scsi_add_device(struct Scsi_Host *, uint, uint, u64, void *hostdata); extern int scsi_add_device(struct Scsi_Host *host, uint channel, uint target, u64 lun); extern int scsi_register_device_handler(struct scsi_device_handler *scsi_dh); extern void scsi_remove_device(struct scsi_device *); extern int scsi_unregister_device_handler(struct scsi_device_handler *scsi_dh); void scsi_attach_vpd(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern struct scsi_device *scsi_device_from_queue(struct request_queue *q); extern int __must_check scsi_device_get(struct scsi_device *); extern void scsi_device_put(struct scsi_device *); extern struct scsi_device *scsi_device_lookup(struct Scsi_Host *, uint, uint, u64); extern struct scsi_device *__scsi_device_lookup(struct Scsi_Host *, uint, uint, u64); extern struct scsi_device *scsi_device_lookup_by_target(struct scsi_target *, u64); extern struct scsi_device *__scsi_device_lookup_by_target(struct scsi_target *, u64); extern void starget_for_each_device(struct scsi_target *, void *, void (*fn)(struct scsi_device *, void *)); extern void __starget_for_each_device(struct scsi_target *, void *, void (*fn)(struct scsi_device *, void *)); /* only exposed to implement shost_for_each_device */ extern struct scsi_device *__scsi_iterate_devices(struct Scsi_Host *, struct scsi_device *); /** * shost_for_each_device - iterate over all devices of a host * @sdev: the &struct scsi_device to use as a cursor * @shost: the &struct scsi_host to iterate over * * Iterator that returns each device attached to @shost. This loop * takes a reference on each device and releases it at the end. If * you break out of the loop, you must call scsi_device_put(sdev). */ #define shost_for_each_device(sdev, shost) \ for ((sdev) = __scsi_iterate_devices((shost), NULL); \ (sdev); \ (sdev) = __scsi_iterate_devices((shost), (sdev))) /** * __shost_for_each_device - iterate over all devices of a host (UNLOCKED) * @sdev: the &struct scsi_device to use as a cursor * @shost: the &struct scsi_host to iterate over * * Iterator that returns each device attached to @shost. It does _not_ * take a reference on the scsi_device, so the whole loop must be * protected by shost->host_lock. * * Note: The only reason to use this is because you need to access the * device list in interrupt context. Otherwise you really want to use * shost_for_each_device instead. */ #define __shost_for_each_device(sdev, shost) \ list_for_each_entry((sdev), &((shost)->__devices), siblings) extern int scsi_change_queue_depth(struct scsi_device *, int); extern int scsi_track_queue_full(struct scsi_device *, int); extern int scsi_set_medium_removal(struct scsi_device *, char); extern int scsi_mode_sense(struct scsi_device *sdev, int dbd, int modepage, unsigned char *buffer, int len, int timeout, int retries, struct scsi_mode_data *data, struct scsi_sense_hdr *); extern int scsi_mode_select(struct scsi_device *sdev, int pf, int sp, int modepage, unsigned char *buffer, int len, int timeout, int retries, struct scsi_mode_data *data, struct scsi_sense_hdr *); extern int scsi_test_unit_ready(struct scsi_device *sdev, int timeout, int retries, struct scsi_sense_hdr *sshdr); extern int scsi_get_vpd_page(struct scsi_device *, u8 page, unsigned char *buf, int buf_len); extern int scsi_report_opcode(struct scsi_device *sdev, unsigned char *buffer, unsigned int len, unsigned char opcode); extern int scsi_device_set_state(struct scsi_device *sdev, enum scsi_device_state state); extern struct scsi_event *sdev_evt_alloc(enum scsi_device_event evt_type, gfp_t gfpflags); extern void sdev_evt_send(struct scsi_device *sdev, struct scsi_event *evt); extern void sdev_evt_send_simple(struct scsi_device *sdev, enum scsi_device_event evt_type, gfp_t gfpflags); extern int scsi_device_quiesce(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern void scsi_device_resume(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern void scsi_target_quiesce(struct scsi_target *); extern void scsi_target_resume(struct scsi_target *); extern void scsi_scan_target(struct device *parent, unsigned int channel, unsigned int id, u64 lun, enum scsi_scan_mode rescan); extern void scsi_target_reap(struct scsi_target *); extern void scsi_target_block(struct device *); extern void scsi_target_unblock(struct device *, enum scsi_device_state); extern void scsi_remove_target(struct device *); extern const char *scsi_device_state_name(enum scsi_device_state); extern int scsi_is_sdev_device(const struct device *); extern int scsi_is_target_device(const struct device *); extern void scsi_sanitize_inquiry_string(unsigned char *s, int len); extern int __scsi_execute(struct scsi_device *sdev, const unsigned char *cmd, int data_direction, void *buffer, unsigned bufflen, unsigned char *sense, struct scsi_sense_hdr *sshdr, int timeout, int retries, u64 flags, req_flags_t rq_flags, int *resid); /* Make sure any sense buffer is the correct size. */ #define scsi_execute(sdev, cmd, data_direction, buffer, bufflen, sense, \ sshdr, timeout, retries, flags, rq_flags, resid) \ ({ \ BUILD_BUG_ON((sense) != NULL && \ sizeof(sense) != SCSI_SENSE_BUFFERSIZE); \ __scsi_execute(sdev, cmd, data_direction, buffer, bufflen, \ sense, sshdr, timeout, retries, flags, rq_flags, \ resid); \ }) static inline int scsi_execute_req(struct scsi_device *sdev, const unsigned char *cmd, int data_direction, void *buffer, unsigned bufflen, struct scsi_sense_hdr *sshdr, int timeout, int retries, int *resid) { return scsi_execute(sdev, cmd, data_direction, buffer, bufflen, NULL, sshdr, timeout, retries, 0, 0, resid); } extern void sdev_disable_disk_events(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern void sdev_enable_disk_events(struct scsi_device *sdev); extern int scsi_vpd_lun_id(struct scsi_device *, char *, size_t); extern int scsi_vpd_tpg_id(struct scsi_device *, int *); #ifdef CONFIG_PM extern int scsi_autopm_get_device(struct scsi_device *); extern void scsi_autopm_put_device(struct scsi_device *); #else static inline int scsi_autopm_get_device(struct scsi_device *d) { return 0; } static inline void scsi_autopm_put_device(struct scsi_device *d) {} #endif /* CONFIG_PM */ static inline int __must_check scsi_device_reprobe(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return device_reprobe(&sdev->sdev_gendev); } static inline unsigned int sdev_channel(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->channel; } static inline unsigned int sdev_id(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->id; } #define scmd_id(scmd) sdev_id((scmd)->device) #define scmd_channel(scmd) sdev_channel((scmd)->device) /* * checks for positions of the SCSI state machine */ static inline int scsi_device_online(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return (sdev->sdev_state != SDEV_OFFLINE && sdev->sdev_state != SDEV_TRANSPORT_OFFLINE && sdev->sdev_state != SDEV_DEL); } static inline int scsi_device_blocked(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->sdev_state == SDEV_BLOCK || sdev->sdev_state == SDEV_CREATED_BLOCK; } static inline int scsi_device_created(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->sdev_state == SDEV_CREATED || sdev->sdev_state == SDEV_CREATED_BLOCK; } int scsi_internal_device_block_nowait(struct scsi_device *sdev); int scsi_internal_device_unblock_nowait(struct scsi_device *sdev, enum scsi_device_state new_state); /* accessor functions for the SCSI parameters */ static inline int scsi_device_sync(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->sdtr; } static inline int scsi_device_wide(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->wdtr; } static inline int scsi_device_dt(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->ppr; } static inline int scsi_device_dt_only(struct scsi_device *sdev) { if (sdev->inquiry_len < 57) return 0; return (sdev->inquiry[56] & 0x0c) == 0x04; } static inline int scsi_device_ius(struct scsi_device *sdev) { if (sdev->inquiry_len < 57) return 0; return sdev->inquiry[56] & 0x01; } static inline int scsi_device_qas(struct scsi_device *sdev) { if (sdev->inquiry_len < 57) return 0; return sdev->inquiry[56] & 0x02; } static inline int scsi_device_enclosure(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->inquiry ? (sdev->inquiry[6] & (1<<6)) : 1; } static inline int scsi_device_protection(struct scsi_device *sdev) { if (sdev->no_dif) return 0; return sdev->scsi_level > SCSI_2 && sdev->inquiry[5] & (1<<0); } static inline int scsi_device_tpgs(struct scsi_device *sdev) { return sdev->inquiry ? (sdev->inquiry[5] >> 4) & 0x3 : 0; } /** * scsi_device_supports_vpd - test if a device supports VPD pages * @sdev: the &struct scsi_device to test * * If the 'try_vpd_pages' flag is set it takes precedence. * Otherwise we will assume VPD pages are supported if the * SCSI level is at least SPC-3 and 'skip_vpd_pages' is not set. */ static inline int scsi_device_supports_vpd(struct scsi_device *sdev) { /* Attempt VPD inquiry if the device blacklist explicitly calls * for it. */ if (sdev->try_vpd_pages) return 1; /* * Although VPD inquiries can go to SCSI-2 type devices, * some USB ones crash on receiving them, and the pages * we currently ask for are mandatory for SPC-2 and beyond */ if (sdev->scsi_level >= SCSI_SPC_2 && !sdev->skip_vpd_pages) return 1; return 0; } #define MODULE_ALIAS_SCSI_DEVICE(type) \ MODULE_ALIAS("scsi:t-" __stringify(type) "*") #define SCSI_DEVICE_MODALIAS_FMT "scsi:t-0x%02x" #endif /* _SCSI_SCSI_DEVICE_H */
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spinlock_t serial_lock; wait_queue_head_t serial_io_wait; }; /* * MD's 'extended' device */ struct md_rdev { struct list_head same_set; /* RAID devices within the same set */ sector_t sectors; /* Device size (in 512bytes sectors) */ struct mddev *mddev; /* RAID array if running */ int last_events; /* IO event timestamp */ /* * If meta_bdev is non-NULL, it means that a separate device is * being used to store the metadata (superblock/bitmap) which * would otherwise be contained on the same device as the data (bdev). */ struct block_device *meta_bdev; struct block_device *bdev; /* block device handle */ struct page *sb_page, *bb_page; int sb_loaded; __u64 sb_events; sector_t data_offset; /* start of data in array */ sector_t new_data_offset;/* only relevant while reshaping */ sector_t sb_start; /* offset of the super block (in 512byte sectors) */ int sb_size; /* bytes in the superblock */ int preferred_minor; /* autorun support */ struct kobject kobj; /* A device can be in one of three states based on two flags: * Not working: faulty==1 in_sync==0 * Fully working: faulty==0 in_sync==1 * Working, but not * in sync with array * faulty==0 in_sync==0 * * It can never have faulty==1, in_sync==1 * This reduces the burden of testing multiple flags in many cases */ unsigned long flags; /* bit set of 'enum flag_bits' bits. */ wait_queue_head_t blocked_wait; int desc_nr; /* descriptor index in the superblock */ int raid_disk; /* role of device in array */ int new_raid_disk; /* role that the device will have in * the array after a level-change completes. */ int saved_raid_disk; /* role that device used to have in the * array and could again if we did a partial * resync from the bitmap */ union { sector_t recovery_offset;/* If this device has been partially * recovered, this is where we were * up to. */ sector_t journal_tail; /* If this device is a journal device, * this is the journal tail (journal * recovery start point) */ }; atomic_t nr_pending; /* number of pending requests. * only maintained for arrays that * support hot removal */ atomic_t read_errors; /* number of consecutive read errors that * we have tried to ignore. */ time64_t last_read_error; /* monotonic time since our * last read error */ atomic_t corrected_errors; /* number of corrected read errors, * for reporting to userspace and storing * in superblock. */ struct serial_in_rdev *serial; /* used for raid1 io serialization */ struct work_struct del_work; /* used for delayed sysfs removal */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_state; /* handle for 'state' * sysfs entry */ /* handle for 'unacknowledged_bad_blocks' sysfs dentry */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_unack_badblocks; /* handle for 'bad_blocks' sysfs dentry */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_badblocks; struct badblocks badblocks; struct { short offset; /* Offset from superblock to start of PPL. * Not used by external metadata. */ unsigned int size; /* Size in sectors of the PPL space */ sector_t sector; /* First sector of the PPL space */ } ppl; }; enum flag_bits { Faulty, /* device is known to have a fault */ In_sync, /* device is in_sync with rest of array */ Bitmap_sync, /* ..actually, not quite In_sync. Need a * bitmap-based recovery to get fully in sync. * The bit is only meaningful before device * has been passed to pers->hot_add_disk. */ WriteMostly, /* Avoid reading if at all possible */ AutoDetected, /* added by auto-detect */ Blocked, /* An error occurred but has not yet * been acknowledged by the metadata * handler, so don't allow writes * until it is cleared */ WriteErrorSeen, /* A write error has been seen on this * device */ FaultRecorded, /* Intermediate state for clearing * Blocked. The Fault is/will-be * recorded in the metadata, but that * metadata hasn't been stored safely * on disk yet. */ BlockedBadBlocks, /* A writer is blocked because they * found an unacknowledged bad-block. * This can safely be cleared at any * time, and the writer will re-check. * It may be set at any time, and at * worst the writer will timeout and * re-check. So setting it as * accurately as possible is good, but * not absolutely critical. */ WantReplacement, /* This device is a candidate to be * hot-replaced, either because it has * reported some faults, or because * of explicit request. */ Replacement, /* This device is a replacement for * a want_replacement device with same * raid_disk number. */ Candidate, /* For clustered environments only: * This device is seen locally but not * by the whole cluster */ Journal, /* This device is used as journal for * raid-5/6. * Usually, this device should be faster * than other devices in the array */ ClusterRemove, RemoveSynchronized, /* synchronize_rcu() was called after * this device was known to be faulty, * so it is safe to remove without * another synchronize_rcu() call. */ ExternalBbl, /* External metadata provides bad * block management for a disk */ FailFast, /* Minimal retries should be attempted on * this device, so use REQ_FAILFAST_DEV. * Also don't try to repair failed reads. * It is expects that no bad block log * is present. */ LastDev, /* Seems to be the last working dev as * it didn't fail, so don't use FailFast * any more for metadata */ CollisionCheck, /* * check if there is collision between raid1 * serial bios. */ }; static inline int is_badblock(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t s, int sectors, sector_t *first_bad, int *bad_sectors) { if (unlikely(rdev->badblocks.count)) { int rv = badblocks_check(&rdev->badblocks, rdev->data_offset + s, sectors, first_bad, bad_sectors); if (rv) *first_bad -= rdev->data_offset; return rv; } return 0; } extern int rdev_set_badblocks(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t s, int sectors, int is_new); extern int rdev_clear_badblocks(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t s, int sectors, int is_new); struct md_cluster_info; /* change UNSUPPORTED_MDDEV_FLAGS for each array type if new flag is added */ enum mddev_flags { MD_ARRAY_FIRST_USE, /* First use of array, needs initialization */ MD_CLOSING, /* If set, we are closing the array, do not open * it then */ MD_JOURNAL_CLEAN, /* A raid with journal is already clean */ MD_HAS_JOURNAL, /* The raid array has journal feature set */ MD_CLUSTER_RESYNC_LOCKED, /* cluster raid only, which means node * already took resync lock, need to * release the lock */ MD_FAILFAST_SUPPORTED, /* Using MD_FAILFAST on metadata writes is * supported as calls to md_error() will * never cause the array to become failed. */ MD_HAS_PPL, /* The raid array has PPL feature set */ MD_HAS_MULTIPLE_PPLS, /* The raid array has multiple PPLs feature set */ MD_ALLOW_SB_UPDATE, /* md_check_recovery is allowed to update * the metadata without taking reconfig_mutex. */ MD_UPDATING_SB, /* md_check_recovery is updating the metadata * without explicitly holding reconfig_mutex. */ MD_NOT_READY, /* do_md_run() is active, so 'array_state' * must not report that array is ready yet */ MD_BROKEN, /* This is used in RAID-0/LINEAR only, to stop * I/O in case an array member is gone/failed. */ }; enum mddev_sb_flags { MD_SB_CHANGE_DEVS, /* Some device status has changed */ MD_SB_CHANGE_CLEAN, /* transition to or from 'clean' */ MD_SB_CHANGE_PENDING, /* switch from 'clean' to 'active' in progress */ MD_SB_NEED_REWRITE, /* metadata write needs to be repeated */ }; #define NR_SERIAL_INFOS 8 /* record current range of serialize IOs */ struct serial_info { struct rb_node node; sector_t start; /* start sector of rb node */ sector_t last; /* end sector of rb node */ sector_t _subtree_last; /* highest sector in subtree of rb node */ }; struct mddev { void *private; struct md_personality *pers; dev_t unit; int md_minor; struct list_head disks; unsigned long flags; unsigned long sb_flags; int suspended; atomic_t active_io; int ro; int sysfs_active; /* set when sysfs deletes * are happening, so run/ * takeover/stop are not safe */ struct gendisk *gendisk; struct kobject kobj; int hold_active; #define UNTIL_IOCTL 1 #define UNTIL_STOP 2 /* Superblock information */ int major_version, minor_version, patch_version; int persistent; int external; /* metadata is * managed externally */ char metadata_type[17]; /* externally set*/ int chunk_sectors; time64_t ctime, utime; int level, layout; char clevel[16]; int raid_disks; int max_disks; sector_t dev_sectors; /* used size of * component devices */ sector_t array_sectors; /* exported array size */ int external_size; /* size managed * externally */ __u64 events; /* If the last 'event' was simply a clean->dirty transition, and * we didn't write it to the spares, then it is safe and simple * to just decrement the event count on a dirty->clean transition. * So we record that possibility here. */ int can_decrease_events; char uuid[16]; /* If the array is being reshaped, we need to record the * new shape and an indication of where we are up to. * This is written to the superblock. * If reshape_position is MaxSector, then no reshape is happening (yet). */ sector_t reshape_position; int delta_disks, new_level, new_layout; int new_chunk_sectors; int reshape_backwards; struct md_thread *thread; /* management thread */ struct md_thread *sync_thread; /* doing resync or reconstruct */ /* 'last_sync_action' is initialized to "none". It is set when a * sync operation (i.e "data-check", "requested-resync", "resync", * "recovery", or "reshape") is started. It holds this value even * when the sync thread is "frozen" (interrupted) or "idle" (stopped * or finished). It is overwritten when a new sync operation is begun. */ char *last_sync_action; sector_t curr_resync; /* last block scheduled */ /* As resync requests can complete out of order, we cannot easily track * how much resync has been completed. So we occasionally pause until * everything completes, then set curr_resync_completed to curr_resync. * As such it may be well behind the real resync mark, but it is a value * we are certain of. */ sector_t curr_resync_completed; unsigned long resync_mark; /* a recent timestamp */ sector_t resync_mark_cnt;/* blocks written at resync_mark */ sector_t curr_mark_cnt; /* blocks scheduled now */ sector_t resync_max_sectors; /* may be set by personality */ atomic64_t resync_mismatches; /* count of sectors where * parity/replica mismatch found */ /* allow user-space to request suspension of IO to regions of the array */ sector_t suspend_lo; sector_t suspend_hi; /* if zero, use the system-wide default */ int sync_speed_min; int sync_speed_max; /* resync even though the same disks are shared among md-devices */ int parallel_resync; int ok_start_degraded; unsigned long recovery; /* If a RAID personality determines that recovery (of a particular * device) will fail due to a read error on the source device, it * takes a copy of this number and does not attempt recovery again * until this number changes. */ int recovery_disabled; int in_sync; /* know to not need resync */ /* 'open_mutex' avoids races between 'md_open' and 'do_md_stop', so * that we are never stopping an array while it is open. * 'reconfig_mutex' protects all other reconfiguration. * These locks are separate due to conflicting interactions * with bdev->bd_mutex. * Lock ordering is: * reconfig_mutex -> bd_mutex * bd_mutex -> open_mutex: e.g. __blkdev_get -> md_open */ struct mutex open_mutex; struct mutex reconfig_mutex; atomic_t active; /* general refcount */ atomic_t openers; /* number of active opens */ int changed; /* True if we might need to * reread partition info */ int degraded; /* whether md should consider * adding a spare */ atomic_t recovery_active; /* blocks scheduled, but not written */ wait_queue_head_t recovery_wait; sector_t recovery_cp; sector_t resync_min; /* user requested sync * starts here */ sector_t resync_max; /* resync should pause * when it gets here */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_state; /* handle for 'array_state' * file in sysfs. */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_action; /* handle for 'sync_action' */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_completed; /*handle for 'sync_completed' */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_degraded; /*handle for 'degraded' */ struct kernfs_node *sysfs_level; /*handle for 'level' */ struct work_struct del_work; /* used for delayed sysfs removal */ /* "lock" protects: * flush_bio transition from NULL to !NULL * rdev superblocks, events * clearing MD_CHANGE_* * in_sync - and related safemode and MD_CHANGE changes * pers (also protected by reconfig_mutex and pending IO). * clearing ->bitmap * clearing ->bitmap_info.file * changing ->resync_{min,max} * setting MD_RECOVERY_RUNNING (which interacts with resync_{min,max}) */ spinlock_t lock; wait_queue_head_t sb_wait; /* for waiting on superblock updates */ atomic_t pending_writes; /* number of active superblock writes */ unsigned int safemode; /* if set, update "clean" superblock * when no writes pending. */ unsigned int safemode_delay; struct timer_list safemode_timer; struct percpu_ref writes_pending; int sync_checkers; /* # of threads checking writes_pending */ struct request_queue *queue; /* for plugging ... */ struct bitmap *bitmap; /* the bitmap for the device */ struct { struct file *file; /* the bitmap file */ loff_t offset; /* offset from superblock of * start of bitmap. May be * negative, but not '0' * For external metadata, offset * from start of device. */ unsigned long space; /* space available at this offset */ loff_t default_offset; /* this is the offset to use when * hot-adding a bitmap. It should * eventually be settable by sysfs. */ unsigned long default_space; /* space available at * default offset */ struct mutex mutex; unsigned long chunksize; unsigned long daemon_sleep; /* how many jiffies between updates? */ unsigned long max_write_behind; /* write-behind mode */ int external; int nodes; /* Maximum number of nodes in the cluster */ char cluster_name[64]; /* Name of the cluster */ } bitmap_info; atomic_t max_corr_read_errors; /* max read retries */ struct list_head all_mddevs; struct attribute_group *to_remove; struct bio_set bio_set; struct bio_set sync_set; /* for sync operations like * metadata and bitmap writes */ mempool_t md_io_pool; /* Generic flush handling. * The last to finish preflush schedules a worker to submit * the rest of the request (without the REQ_PREFLUSH flag). */ struct bio *flush_bio; atomic_t flush_pending; ktime_t start_flush, last_flush; /* last_flush is when the last completed * flush was started. */ struct work_struct flush_work; struct work_struct event_work; /* used by dm to report failure event */ mempool_t *serial_info_pool; void (*sync_super)(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); struct md_cluster_info *cluster_info; unsigned int good_device_nr; /* good device num within cluster raid */ unsigned int noio_flag; /* for memalloc scope API */ bool has_superblocks:1; bool fail_last_dev:1; bool serialize_policy:1; }; enum recovery_flags { /* * If neither SYNC or RESHAPE are set, then it is a recovery. */ MD_RECOVERY_RUNNING, /* a thread is running, or about to be started */ MD_RECOVERY_SYNC, /* actually doing a resync, not a recovery */ MD_RECOVERY_RECOVER, /* doing recovery, or need to try it. */ MD_RECOVERY_INTR, /* resync needs to be aborted for some reason */ MD_RECOVERY_DONE, /* thread is done and is waiting to be reaped */ MD_RECOVERY_NEEDED, /* we might need to start a resync/recover */ MD_RECOVERY_REQUESTED, /* user-space has requested a sync (used with SYNC) */ MD_RECOVERY_CHECK, /* user-space request for check-only, no repair */ MD_RECOVERY_RESHAPE, /* A reshape is happening */ MD_RECOVERY_FROZEN, /* User request to abort, and not restart, any action */ MD_RECOVERY_ERROR, /* sync-action interrupted because io-error */ MD_RECOVERY_WAIT, /* waiting for pers->start() to finish */ MD_RESYNCING_REMOTE, /* remote node is running resync thread */ }; static inline int __must_check mddev_lock(struct mddev *mddev) { return mutex_lock_interruptible(&mddev->reconfig_mutex); } /* Sometimes we need to take the lock in a situation where * failure due to interrupts is not acceptable. */ static inline void mddev_lock_nointr(struct mddev *mddev) { mutex_lock(&mddev->reconfig_mutex); } static inline int mddev_trylock(struct mddev *mddev) { return mutex_trylock(&mddev->reconfig_mutex); } extern void mddev_unlock(struct mddev *mddev); static inline void md_sync_acct(struct block_device *bdev, unsigned long nr_sectors) { atomic_add(nr_sectors, &bdev->bd_disk->sync_io); } static inline void md_sync_acct_bio(struct bio *bio, unsigned long nr_sectors) { atomic_add(nr_sectors, &bio->bi_disk->sync_io); } struct md_personality { char *name; int level; struct list_head list; struct module *owner; bool __must_check (*make_request)(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio); /* * start up works that do NOT require md_thread. tasks that * requires md_thread should go into start() */ int (*run)(struct mddev *mddev); /* start up works that require md threads */ int (*start)(struct mddev *mddev); void (*free)(struct mddev *mddev, void *priv); void (*status)(struct seq_file *seq, struct mddev *mddev); /* error_handler must set ->faulty and clear ->in_sync * if appropriate, and should abort recovery if needed */ void (*error_handler)(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); int (*hot_add_disk) (struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); int (*hot_remove_disk) (struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); int (*spare_active) (struct mddev *mddev); sector_t (*sync_request)(struct mddev *mddev, sector_t sector_nr, int *skipped); int (*resize) (struct mddev *mddev, sector_t sectors); sector_t (*size) (struct mddev *mddev, sector_t sectors, int raid_disks); int (*check_reshape) (struct mddev *mddev); int (*start_reshape) (struct mddev *mddev); void (*finish_reshape) (struct mddev *mddev); void (*update_reshape_pos) (struct mddev *mddev); /* quiesce suspends or resumes internal processing. * 1 - stop new actions and wait for action io to complete * 0 - return to normal behaviour */ void (*quiesce) (struct mddev *mddev, int quiesce); /* takeover is used to transition an array from one * personality to another. The new personality must be able * to handle the data in the current layout. * e.g. 2drive raid1 -> 2drive raid5 * ndrive raid5 -> degraded n+1drive raid6 with special layout * If the takeover succeeds, a new 'private' structure is returned. * This needs to be installed and then ->run used to activate the * array. */ void *(*takeover) (struct mddev *mddev); /* Changes the consistency policy of an active array. */ int (*change_consistency_policy)(struct mddev *mddev, const char *buf); }; struct md_sysfs_entry { struct attribute attr; ssize_t (*show)(struct mddev *, char *); ssize_t (*store)(struct mddev *, const char *, size_t); }; extern struct attribute_group md_bitmap_group; static inline struct kernfs_node *sysfs_get_dirent_safe(struct kernfs_node *sd, char *name) { if (sd) return sysfs_get_dirent(sd, name); return sd; } static inline void sysfs_notify_dirent_safe(struct kernfs_node *sd) { if (sd) sysfs_notify_dirent(sd); } static inline char * mdname (struct mddev * mddev) { return mddev->gendisk ? mddev->gendisk->disk_name : "mdX"; } static inline int sysfs_link_rdev(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev) { char nm[20]; if (!test_bit(Replacement, &rdev->flags) && !test_bit(Journal, &rdev->flags) && mddev->kobj.sd) { sprintf(nm, "rd%d", rdev->raid_disk); return sysfs_create_link(&mddev->kobj, &rdev->kobj, nm); } else return 0; } static inline void sysfs_unlink_rdev(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev) { char nm[20]; if (!test_bit(Replacement, &rdev->flags) && !test_bit(Journal, &rdev->flags) && mddev->kobj.sd) { sprintf(nm, "rd%d", rdev->raid_disk); sysfs_remove_link(&mddev->kobj, nm); } } /* * iterates through some rdev ringlist. It's safe to remove the * current 'rdev'. Dont touch 'tmp' though. */ #define rdev_for_each_list(rdev, tmp, head) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(rdev, tmp, head, same_set) /* * iterates through the 'same array disks' ringlist */ #define rdev_for_each(rdev, mddev) \ list_for_each_entry(rdev, &((mddev)->disks), same_set) #define rdev_for_each_safe(rdev, tmp, mddev) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(rdev, tmp, &((mddev)->disks), same_set) #define rdev_for_each_rcu(rdev, mddev) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu(rdev, &((mddev)->disks), same_set) struct md_thread { void (*run) (struct md_thread *thread); struct mddev *mddev; wait_queue_head_t wqueue; unsigned long flags; struct task_struct *tsk; unsigned long timeout; void *private; }; #define THREAD_WAKEUP 0 static inline void safe_put_page(struct page *p) { if (p) put_page(p); } extern int register_md_personality(struct md_personality *p); extern int unregister_md_personality(struct md_personality *p); extern int register_md_cluster_operations(struct md_cluster_operations *ops, struct module *module); extern int unregister_md_cluster_operations(void); extern int md_setup_cluster(struct mddev *mddev, int nodes); extern void md_cluster_stop(struct mddev *mddev); extern struct md_thread *md_register_thread( void (*run)(struct md_thread *thread), struct mddev *mddev, const char *name); extern void md_unregister_thread(struct md_thread **threadp); extern void md_wakeup_thread(struct md_thread *thread); extern void md_check_recovery(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_reap_sync_thread(struct mddev *mddev); extern int mddev_init_writes_pending(struct mddev *mddev); extern bool md_write_start(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bi); extern void md_write_inc(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bi); extern void md_write_end(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_done_sync(struct mddev *mddev, int blocks, int ok); extern void md_error(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev); extern void md_finish_reshape(struct mddev *mddev); extern bool __must_check md_flush_request(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio); extern void md_super_write(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t sector, int size, struct page *page); extern int md_super_wait(struct mddev *mddev); extern int sync_page_io(struct md_rdev *rdev, sector_t sector, int size, struct page *page, int op, int op_flags, bool metadata_op); extern void md_do_sync(struct md_thread *thread); extern void md_new_event(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_allow_write(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_wait_for_blocked_rdev(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_set_array_sectors(struct mddev *mddev, sector_t array_sectors); extern int md_check_no_bitmap(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_integrity_register(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_integrity_add_rdev(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct mddev *mddev); extern int strict_strtoul_scaled(const char *cp, unsigned long *res, int scale); extern void mddev_init(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_run(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_start(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_stop(struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_stop_writes(struct mddev *mddev); extern int md_rdev_init(struct md_rdev *rdev); extern void md_rdev_clear(struct md_rdev *rdev); extern void md_handle_request(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio); extern void mddev_suspend(struct mddev *mddev); extern void mddev_resume(struct mddev *mddev); extern struct bio *bio_alloc_mddev(gfp_t gfp_mask, int nr_iovecs, struct mddev *mddev); extern void md_reload_sb(struct mddev *mddev, int raid_disk); extern void md_update_sb(struct mddev *mddev, int force); extern void md_kick_rdev_from_array(struct md_rdev * rdev); extern void mddev_create_serial_pool(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev, bool is_suspend); extern void mddev_destroy_serial_pool(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev, bool is_suspend); struct md_rdev *md_find_rdev_nr_rcu(struct mddev *mddev, int nr); struct md_rdev *md_find_rdev_rcu(struct mddev *mddev, dev_t dev); static inline bool is_mddev_broken(struct md_rdev *rdev, const char *md_type) { int flags = rdev->bdev->bd_disk->flags; if (!(flags & GENHD_FL_UP)) { if (!test_and_set_bit(MD_BROKEN, &rdev->mddev->flags)) pr_warn("md: %s: %s array has a missing/failed member\n", mdname(rdev->mddev), md_type); return true; } return false; } static inline void rdev_dec_pending(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct mddev *mddev) { int faulty = test_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags); if (atomic_dec_and_test(&rdev->nr_pending) && faulty) { set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_NEEDED, &mddev->recovery); md_wakeup_thread(mddev->thread); } } extern struct md_cluster_operations *md_cluster_ops; static inline int mddev_is_clustered(struct mddev *mddev) { return mddev->cluster_info && mddev->bitmap_info.nodes > 1; } /* clear unsupported mddev_flags */ static inline void mddev_clear_unsupported_flags(struct mddev *mddev, unsigned long unsupported_flags) { mddev->flags &= ~unsupported_flags; } static inline void mddev_check_writesame(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio) { if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME && !bio->bi_disk->queue->limits.max_write_same_sectors) mddev->queue->limits.max_write_same_sectors = 0; } static inline void mddev_check_write_zeroes(struct mddev *mddev, struct bio *bio) { if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES && !bio->bi_disk->queue->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors) mddev->queue->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors = 0; } struct mdu_array_info_s; struct mdu_disk_info_s; extern int mdp_major; void md_autostart_arrays(int part); int md_set_array_info(struct mddev *mddev, struct mdu_array_info_s *info); int md_add_new_disk(struct mddev *mddev, struct mdu_disk_info_s *info); int do_md_run(struct mddev *mddev); extern const struct block_device_operations md_fops; #endif /* _MD_MD_H */
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