1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef INT_BLK_MQ_TAG_H #define INT_BLK_MQ_TAG_H /* * Tag address space map. */ struct blk_mq_tags { unsigned int nr_tags; unsigned int nr_reserved_tags; atomic_t active_queues; struct sbitmap_queue *bitmap_tags; struct sbitmap_queue *breserved_tags; struct sbitmap_queue __bitmap_tags; struct sbitmap_queue __breserved_tags; struct request **rqs; struct request **static_rqs; struct list_head page_list; /* * used to clear request reference in rqs[] before freeing one * request pool */ spinlock_t lock; }; extern struct blk_mq_tags *blk_mq_init_tags(unsigned int nr_tags, unsigned int reserved_tags, int node, unsigned int flags); extern void blk_mq_free_tags(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int flags); extern int blk_mq_init_shared_sbitmap(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, unsigned int flags); extern void blk_mq_exit_shared_sbitmap(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set); extern unsigned int blk_mq_get_tag(struct blk_mq_alloc_data *data); extern void blk_mq_put_tag(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx, unsigned int tag); extern int blk_mq_tag_update_depth(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx, struct blk_mq_tags **tags, unsigned int depth, bool can_grow); extern void blk_mq_tag_resize_shared_sbitmap(struct blk_mq_tag_set *set, unsigned int size); extern void blk_mq_tag_wakeup_all(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, bool); void blk_mq_queue_tag_busy_iter(struct request_queue *q, busy_iter_fn *fn, void *priv); void blk_mq_all_tag_iter(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, busy_tag_iter_fn *fn, void *priv); static inline struct sbq_wait_state *bt_wait_ptr(struct sbitmap_queue *bt, struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (!hctx) return &bt->ws[0]; return sbq_wait_ptr(bt, &hctx->wait_index); } enum { BLK_MQ_NO_TAG = -1U, BLK_MQ_TAG_MIN = 1, BLK_MQ_TAG_MAX = BLK_MQ_NO_TAG - 1, }; extern bool __blk_mq_tag_busy(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *); extern void __blk_mq_tag_idle(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *); static inline bool blk_mq_tag_busy(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (!(hctx->flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_QUEUE_SHARED)) return false; return __blk_mq_tag_busy(hctx); } static inline void blk_mq_tag_idle(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx) { if (!(hctx->flags & BLK_MQ_F_TAG_QUEUE_SHARED)) return; __blk_mq_tag_idle(hctx); } static inline bool blk_mq_tag_is_reserved(struct blk_mq_tags *tags, unsigned int tag) { return tag < tags->nr_reserved_tags; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef LINUX_KEXEC_H #define LINUX_KEXEC_H #define IND_DESTINATION_BIT 0 #define IND_INDIRECTION_BIT 1 #define IND_DONE_BIT 2 #define IND_SOURCE_BIT 3 #define IND_DESTINATION (1 << IND_DESTINATION_BIT) #define IND_INDIRECTION (1 << IND_INDIRECTION_BIT) #define IND_DONE (1 << IND_DONE_BIT) #define IND_SOURCE (1 << IND_SOURCE_BIT) #define IND_FLAGS (IND_DESTINATION | IND_INDIRECTION | IND_DONE | IND_SOURCE) #if !defined(__ASSEMBLY__) #include <linux/crash_core.h> #include <asm/io.h> #include <uapi/linux/kexec.h> #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/ioport.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <asm/kexec.h> /* Verify architecture specific macros are defined */ #ifndef KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_SOURCE_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_DESTINATION_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_DESTINATION_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #error KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_GFP #define KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_GFP (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_NORETRY) #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE #error KEXEC_CONTROL_PAGE_SIZE not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_ARCH #error KEXEC_ARCH not defined #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CRASH_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #define KEXEC_CRASH_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT KEXEC_CONTROL_MEMORY_LIMIT #endif #ifndef KEXEC_CRASH_MEM_ALIGN #define KEXEC_CRASH_MEM_ALIGN PAGE_SIZE #endif #define KEXEC_CORE_NOTE_NAME CRASH_CORE_NOTE_NAME /* * This structure is used to hold the arguments that are used when loading * kernel binaries. */ typedef unsigned long kimage_entry_t; struct kexec_segment { /* * This pointer can point to user memory if kexec_load() system * call is used or will point to kernel memory if * kexec_file_load() system call is used. * * Use ->buf when expecting to deal with user memory and use ->kbuf * when expecting to deal with kernel memory. */ union { void __user *buf; void *kbuf; }; size_t bufsz; unsigned long mem; size_t memsz; }; #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT struct compat_kexec_segment { compat_uptr_t buf; compat_size_t bufsz; compat_ulong_t mem; /* User space sees this as a (void *) ... */ compat_size_t memsz; }; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE struct purgatory_info { /* * Pointer to elf header at the beginning of kexec_purgatory. * Note: kexec_purgatory is read only */ const Elf_Ehdr *ehdr; /* * Temporary, modifiable buffer for sechdrs used for relocation. * This memory can be freed post image load. */ Elf_Shdr *sechdrs; /* * Temporary, modifiable buffer for stripped purgatory used for * relocation. This memory can be freed post image load. */ void *purgatory_buf; }; struct kimage; typedef int (kexec_probe_t)(const char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_size); typedef void *(kexec_load_t)(struct kimage *image, char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_len, char *initrd, unsigned long initrd_len, char *cmdline, unsigned long cmdline_len); typedef int (kexec_cleanup_t)(void *loader_data); #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG typedef int (kexec_verify_sig_t)(const char *kernel_buf, unsigned long kernel_len); #endif struct kexec_file_ops { kexec_probe_t *probe; kexec_load_t *load; kexec_cleanup_t *cleanup; #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG kexec_verify_sig_t *verify_sig; #endif }; extern const struct kexec_file_ops * const kexec_file_loaders[]; int kexec_image_probe_default(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); int kexec_image_post_load_cleanup_default(struct kimage *image); /* * If kexec_buf.mem is set to this value, kexec_locate_mem_hole() * will try to allocate free memory. Arch may overwrite it. */ #ifndef KEXEC_BUF_MEM_UNKNOWN #define KEXEC_BUF_MEM_UNKNOWN 0 #endif /** * struct kexec_buf - parameters for finding a place for a buffer in memory * @image: kexec image in which memory to search. * @buffer: Contents which will be copied to the allocated memory. * @bufsz: Size of @buffer. * @mem: On return will have address of the buffer in memory. * @memsz: Size for the buffer in memory. * @buf_align: Minimum alignment needed. * @buf_min: The buffer can't be placed below this address. * @buf_max: The buffer can't be placed above this address. * @top_down: Allocate from top of memory. */ struct kexec_buf { struct kimage *image; void *buffer; unsigned long bufsz; unsigned long mem; unsigned long memsz; unsigned long buf_align; unsigned long buf_min; unsigned long buf_max; bool top_down; }; int kexec_load_purgatory(struct kimage *image, struct kexec_buf *kbuf); int kexec_purgatory_get_set_symbol(struct kimage *image, const char *name, void *buf, unsigned int size, bool get_value); void *kexec_purgatory_get_symbol_addr(struct kimage *image, const char *name); /* Architectures may override the below functions */ int arch_kexec_kernel_image_probe(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); void *arch_kexec_kernel_image_load(struct kimage *image); int arch_kexec_apply_relocations_add(struct purgatory_info *pi, Elf_Shdr *section, const Elf_Shdr *relsec, const Elf_Shdr *symtab); int arch_kexec_apply_relocations(struct purgatory_info *pi, Elf_Shdr *section, const Elf_Shdr *relsec, const Elf_Shdr *symtab); int arch_kimage_file_post_load_cleanup(struct kimage *image); #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG int arch_kexec_kernel_verify_sig(struct kimage *image, void *buf, unsigned long buf_len); #endif int arch_kexec_locate_mem_hole(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); extern int kexec_add_buffer(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); int kexec_locate_mem_hole(struct kexec_buf *kbuf); /* Alignment required for elf header segment */ #define ELF_CORE_HEADER_ALIGN 4096 struct crash_mem_range { u64 start, end; }; struct crash_mem { unsigned int max_nr_ranges; unsigned int nr_ranges; struct crash_mem_range ranges[]; }; extern int crash_exclude_mem_range(struct crash_mem *mem, unsigned long long mstart, unsigned long long mend); extern int crash_prepare_elf64_headers(struct crash_mem *mem, int kernel_map, void **addr, unsigned long *sz); #endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE */ #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_ELF struct kexec_elf_info { /* * Where the ELF binary contents are kept. * Memory managed by the user of the struct. */ const char *buffer; const struct elfhdr *ehdr; const struct elf_phdr *proghdrs; }; int kexec_build_elf_info(const char *buf, size_t len, struct elfhdr *ehdr, struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info); int kexec_elf_load(struct kimage *image, struct elfhdr *ehdr, struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info, struct kexec_buf *kbuf, unsigned long *lowest_load_addr); void kexec_free_elf_info(struct kexec_elf_info *elf_info); int kexec_elf_probe(const char *buf, unsigned long len); #endif struct kimage { kimage_entry_t head; kimage_entry_t *entry; kimage_entry_t *last_entry; unsigned long start; struct page *control_code_page; struct page *swap_page; void *vmcoreinfo_data_copy; /* locates in the crash memory */ unsigned long nr_segments; struct kexec_segment segment[KEXEC_SEGMENT_MAX]; struct list_head control_pages; struct list_head dest_pages; struct list_head unusable_pages; /* Address of next control page to allocate for crash kernels. */ unsigned long control_page; /* Flags to indicate special processing */ unsigned int type : 1; #define KEXEC_TYPE_DEFAULT 0 #define KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH 1 unsigned int preserve_context : 1; /* If set, we are using file mode kexec syscall */ unsigned int file_mode:1; #ifdef ARCH_HAS_KIMAGE_ARCH struct kimage_arch arch; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE /* Additional fields for file based kexec syscall */ void *kernel_buf; unsigned long kernel_buf_len; void *initrd_buf; unsigned long initrd_buf_len; char *cmdline_buf; unsigned long cmdline_buf_len; /* File operations provided by image loader */ const struct kexec_file_ops *fops; /* Image loader handling the kernel can store a pointer here */ void *image_loader_data; /* Information for loading purgatory */ struct purgatory_info purgatory_info; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_IMA_KEXEC /* Virtual address of IMA measurement buffer for kexec syscall */ void *ima_buffer; #endif }; /* kexec interface functions */ extern void machine_kexec(struct kimage *image); extern int machine_kexec_prepare(struct kimage *image); extern void machine_kexec_cleanup(struct kimage *image); extern int kernel_kexec(void); extern struct page *kimage_alloc_control_pages(struct kimage *image, unsigned int order); extern void __crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *); extern void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *); int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *); int kexec_crash_loaded(void); void crash_save_cpu(struct pt_regs *regs, int cpu); extern int kimage_crash_copy_vmcoreinfo(struct kimage *image); extern struct kimage *kexec_image; extern struct kimage *kexec_crash_image; extern int kexec_load_disabled; #ifndef kexec_flush_icache_page #define kexec_flush_icache_page(page) #endif /* List of defined/legal kexec flags */ #ifndef CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP #define KEXEC_FLAGS KEXEC_ON_CRASH #else #define KEXEC_FLAGS (KEXEC_ON_CRASH | KEXEC_PRESERVE_CONTEXT) #endif /* List of defined/legal kexec file flags */ #define KEXEC_FILE_FLAGS (KEXEC_FILE_UNLOAD | KEXEC_FILE_ON_CRASH | \ KEXEC_FILE_NO_INITRAMFS) /* Location of a reserved region to hold the crash kernel. */ extern struct resource crashk_res; extern struct resource crashk_low_res; extern note_buf_t __percpu *crash_notes; /* flag to track if kexec reboot is in progress */ extern bool kexec_in_progress; int crash_shrink_memory(unsigned long new_size); size_t crash_get_memory_size(void); void crash_free_reserved_phys_range(unsigned long begin, unsigned long end); void arch_kexec_protect_crashkres(void); void arch_kexec_unprotect_crashkres(void); #ifndef page_to_boot_pfn static inline unsigned long page_to_boot_pfn(struct page *page) { return page_to_pfn(page); } #endif #ifndef boot_pfn_to_page static inline struct page *boot_pfn_to_page(unsigned long boot_pfn) { return pfn_to_page(boot_pfn); } #endif #ifndef phys_to_boot_phys static inline unsigned long phys_to_boot_phys(phys_addr_t phys) { return phys; } #endif #ifndef boot_phys_to_phys static inline phys_addr_t boot_phys_to_phys(unsigned long boot_phys) { return boot_phys; } #endif static inline unsigned long virt_to_boot_phys(void *addr) { return phys_to_boot_phys(__pa((unsigned long)addr)); } static inline void *boot_phys_to_virt(unsigned long entry) { return phys_to_virt(boot_phys_to_phys(entry)); } #ifndef arch_kexec_post_alloc_pages static inline int arch_kexec_post_alloc_pages(void *vaddr, unsigned int pages, gfp_t gfp) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef arch_kexec_pre_free_pages static inline void arch_kexec_pre_free_pages(void *vaddr, unsigned int pages) { } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE */ struct pt_regs; struct task_struct; static inline void __crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs) { } static inline int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline int kexec_crash_loaded(void) { return 0; } #define kexec_in_progress false #endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE */ #endif /* !defined(__ASSEBMLY__) */ #endif /* LINUX_KEXEC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Connection state tracking for netfilter. This is separated from, * but required by, the (future) NAT layer; it can also be used by an iptables * extension. * * 16 Dec 2003: Yasuyuki Kozakai @USAGI <yasuyuki.kozakai@toshiba.co.jp> * - generalize L3 protocol dependent part. * * Derived from include/linux/netfiter_ipv4/ip_conntrack.h */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_H #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_common.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tcp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_dccp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sctp.h> #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_proto_gre.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tuple.h> struct nf_ct_udp { unsigned long stream_ts; }; /* per conntrack: protocol private data */ union nf_conntrack_proto { /* insert conntrack proto private data here */ struct nf_ct_dccp dccp; struct ip_ct_sctp sctp; struct ip_ct_tcp tcp; struct nf_ct_udp udp; struct nf_ct_gre gre; unsigned int tmpl_padto; }; union nf_conntrack_expect_proto { /* insert expect proto private data here */ }; struct nf_conntrack_net { unsigned int users4; unsigned int users6; unsigned int users_bridge; }; #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <net/netfilter/ipv4/nf_conntrack_ipv4.h> #include <net/netfilter/ipv6/nf_conntrack_ipv6.h> struct nf_conn { /* Usage count in here is 1 for hash table, 1 per skb, * plus 1 for any connection(s) we are `master' for * * Hint, SKB address this struct and refcnt via skb->_nfct and * helpers nf_conntrack_get() and nf_conntrack_put(). * Helper nf_ct_put() equals nf_conntrack_put() by dec refcnt, * beware nf_ct_get() is different and don't inc refcnt. */ struct nf_conntrack ct_general; spinlock_t lock; /* jiffies32 when this ct is considered dead */ u32 timeout; #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES struct nf_conntrack_zone zone; #endif /* XXX should I move this to the tail ? - Y.K */ /* These are my tuples; original and reply */ struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_MAX]; /* Have we seen traffic both ways yet? (bitset) */ unsigned long status; u16 cpu; possible_net_t ct_net; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_NAT) struct hlist_node nat_bysource; #endif /* all members below initialized via memset */ struct { } __nfct_init_offset; /* If we were expected by an expectation, this will be it */ struct nf_conn *master; #if defined(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_MARK) u_int32_t mark; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_SECMARK u_int32_t secmark; #endif /* Extensions */ struct nf_ct_ext *ext; /* Storage reserved for other modules, must be the last member */ union nf_conntrack_proto proto; }; static inline struct nf_conn * nf_ct_tuplehash_to_ctrack(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple_hash *hash) { return container_of(hash, struct nf_conn, tuplehash[hash->tuple.dst.dir]); } static inline u_int16_t nf_ct_l3num(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.src.l3num; } static inline u_int8_t nf_ct_protonum(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple.dst.protonum; } #define nf_ct_tuple(ct, dir) (&(ct)->tuplehash[dir].tuple) /* get master conntrack via master expectation */ #define master_ct(conntr) (conntr->master) extern struct net init_net; static inline struct net *nf_ct_net(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return read_pnet(&ct->ct_net); } /* Alter reply tuple (maybe alter helper). */ void nf_conntrack_alter_reply(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *newreply); /* Is this tuple taken? (ignoring any belonging to the given conntrack). */ int nf_conntrack_tuple_taken(const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple, const struct nf_conn *ignored_conntrack); /* Return conntrack_info and tuple hash for given skb. */ static inline struct nf_conn * nf_ct_get(const struct sk_buff *skb, enum ip_conntrack_info *ctinfo) { unsigned long nfct = skb_get_nfct(skb); *ctinfo = nfct & NFCT_INFOMASK; return (struct nf_conn *)(nfct & NFCT_PTRMASK); } /* decrement reference count on a conntrack */ static inline void nf_ct_put(struct nf_conn *ct) { WARN_ON(!ct); nf_conntrack_put(&ct->ct_general); } /* Protocol module loading */ int nf_ct_l3proto_try_module_get(unsigned short l3proto); void nf_ct_l3proto_module_put(unsigned short l3proto); /* load module; enable/disable conntrack in this namespace */ int nf_ct_netns_get(struct net *net, u8 nfproto); void nf_ct_netns_put(struct net *net, u8 nfproto); /* * Allocate a hashtable of hlist_head (if nulls == 0), * or hlist_nulls_head (if nulls == 1) */ void *nf_ct_alloc_hashtable(unsigned int *sizep, int nulls); int nf_conntrack_hash_check_insert(struct nf_conn *ct); bool nf_ct_delete(struct nf_conn *ct, u32 pid, int report); bool nf_ct_get_tuplepr(const struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int nhoff, u_int16_t l3num, struct net *net, struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple); void __nf_ct_refresh_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies, bool do_acct); /* Refresh conntrack for this many jiffies and do accounting */ static inline void nf_ct_refresh_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies) { __nf_ct_refresh_acct(ct, ctinfo, skb, extra_jiffies, true); } /* Refresh conntrack for this many jiffies */ static inline void nf_ct_refresh(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct sk_buff *skb, u32 extra_jiffies) { __nf_ct_refresh_acct(ct, 0, skb, extra_jiffies, false); } /* kill conntrack and do accounting */ bool nf_ct_kill_acct(struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo, const struct sk_buff *skb); /* kill conntrack without accounting */ static inline bool nf_ct_kill(struct nf_conn *ct) { return nf_ct_delete(ct, 0, 0); } /* Set all unconfirmed conntrack as dying */ void nf_ct_unconfirmed_destroy(struct net *); /* Iterate over all conntracks: if iter returns true, it's deleted. */ void nf_ct_iterate_cleanup_net(struct net *net, int (*iter)(struct nf_conn *i, void *data), void *data, u32 portid, int report); /* also set unconfirmed conntracks as dying. Only use in module exit path. */ void nf_ct_iterate_destroy(int (*iter)(struct nf_conn *i, void *data), void *data); struct nf_conntrack_zone; void nf_conntrack_free(struct nf_conn *ct); struct nf_conn *nf_conntrack_alloc(struct net *net, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *orig, const struct nf_conntrack_tuple *repl, gfp_t gfp); static inline int nf_ct_is_template(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_TEMPLATE_BIT, &ct->status); } /* It's confirmed if it is, or has been in the hash table. */ static inline int nf_ct_is_confirmed(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_CONFIRMED_BIT, &ct->status); } static inline int nf_ct_is_dying(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return test_bit(IPS_DYING_BIT, &ct->status); } /* Packet is received from loopback */ static inline bool nf_is_loopback_packet(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->dev && skb->skb_iif && skb->dev->flags & IFF_LOOPBACK; } #define nfct_time_stamp ((u32)(jiffies)) /* jiffies until ct expires, 0 if already expired */ static inline unsigned long nf_ct_expires(const struct nf_conn *ct) { s32 timeout = READ_ONCE(ct->timeout) - nfct_time_stamp; return timeout > 0 ? timeout : 0; } static inline bool nf_ct_is_expired(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return (__s32)(READ_ONCE(ct->timeout) - nfct_time_stamp) <= 0; } /* use after obtaining a reference count */ static inline bool nf_ct_should_gc(const struct nf_conn *ct) { return nf_ct_is_expired(ct) && nf_ct_is_confirmed(ct) && !nf_ct_is_dying(ct); } #define NF_CT_DAY (86400 * HZ) /* Set an arbitrary timeout large enough not to ever expire, this save * us a check for the IPS_OFFLOAD_BIT from the packet path via * nf_ct_is_expired(). */ static inline void nf_ct_offload_timeout(struct nf_conn *ct) { if (nf_ct_expires(ct) < NF_CT_DAY / 2) WRITE_ONCE(ct->timeout, nfct_time_stamp + NF_CT_DAY); } struct kernel_param; int nf_conntrack_set_hashsize(const char *val, const struct kernel_param *kp); int nf_conntrack_hash_resize(unsigned int hashsize); extern struct hlist_nulls_head *nf_conntrack_hash; extern unsigned int nf_conntrack_htable_size; extern seqcount_spinlock_t nf_conntrack_generation; extern unsigned int nf_conntrack_max; /* must be called with rcu read lock held */ static inline void nf_conntrack_get_ht(struct hlist_nulls_head **hash, unsigned int *hsize) { struct hlist_nulls_head *hptr; unsigned int sequence, hsz; do { sequence = read_seqcount_begin(&nf_conntrack_generation); hsz = nf_conntrack_htable_size; hptr = nf_conntrack_hash; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&nf_conntrack_generation, sequence)); *hash = hptr; *hsize = hsz; } struct nf_conn *nf_ct_tmpl_alloc(struct net *net, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, gfp_t flags); void nf_ct_tmpl_free(struct nf_conn *tmpl); u32 nf_ct_get_id(const struct nf_conn *ct); static inline void nf_ct_set(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conn *ct, enum ip_conntrack_info info) { skb_set_nfct(skb, (unsigned long)ct | info); } #define NF_CT_STAT_INC(net, count) __this_cpu_inc((net)->ct.stat->count) #define NF_CT_STAT_INC_ATOMIC(net, count) this_cpu_inc((net)->ct.stat->count) #define NF_CT_STAT_ADD_ATOMIC(net, count, v) this_cpu_add((net)->ct.stat->count, (v)) #define MODULE_ALIAS_NFCT_HELPER(helper) \ MODULE_ALIAS("nfct-helper-" helper) #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef IOPRIO_H #define IOPRIO_H #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/rt.h> #include <linux/iocontext.h> /* * Gives us 8 prio classes with 13-bits of data for each class */ #define IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT (13) #define IOPRIO_PRIO_MASK ((1UL << IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT) - 1) #define IOPRIO_PRIO_CLASS(mask) ((mask) >> IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT) #define IOPRIO_PRIO_DATA(mask) ((mask) & IOPRIO_PRIO_MASK) #define IOPRIO_PRIO_VALUE(class, data) (((class) << IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT) | data) #define ioprio_valid(mask) (IOPRIO_PRIO_CLASS((mask)) != IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE) /* * These are the io priority groups as implemented by CFQ. RT is the realtime * class, it always gets premium service. BE is the best-effort scheduling * class, the default for any process. IDLE is the idle scheduling class, it * is only served when no one else is using the disk. */ enum { IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE, IOPRIO_CLASS_RT, IOPRIO_CLASS_BE, IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE, }; /* * 8 best effort priority levels are supported */ #define IOPRIO_BE_NR (8) enum { IOPRIO_WHO_PROCESS = 1, IOPRIO_WHO_PGRP, IOPRIO_WHO_USER, }; /* * Fallback BE priority */ #define IOPRIO_NORM (4) /* * if process has set io priority explicitly, use that. if not, convert * the cpu scheduler nice value to an io priority */ static inline int task_nice_ioprio(struct task_struct *task) { return (task_nice(task) + 20) / 5; } /* * This is for the case where the task hasn't asked for a specific IO class. * Check for idle and rt task process, and return appropriate IO class. */ static inline int task_nice_ioclass(struct task_struct *task) { if (task->policy == SCHED_IDLE) return IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE; else if (task_is_realtime(task)) return IOPRIO_CLASS_RT; else return IOPRIO_CLASS_BE; } /* * If the calling process has set an I/O priority, use that. Otherwise, return * the default I/O priority. */ static inline int get_current_ioprio(void) { struct io_context *ioc = current->io_context; if (ioc) return ioc->ioprio; return IOPRIO_PRIO_VALUE(IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE, 0); } /* * For inheritance, return the highest of the two given priorities */ extern int ioprio_best(unsigned short aprio, unsigned short bprio); extern int set_task_ioprio(struct task_struct *task, int ioprio); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK extern int ioprio_check_cap(int ioprio); #else static inline int ioprio_check_cap(int ioprio) { return -ENOTBLK; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_H /* * Interface between the scheduler and various task lifetime (fork()/exit()) * functionality: */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> struct task_struct; struct rusage; union thread_union; struct css_set; /* All the bits taken by the old clone syscall. */ #define CLONE_LEGACY_FLAGS 0xffffffffULL struct kernel_clone_args { u64 flags; int __user *pidfd; int __user *child_tid; int __user *parent_tid; int exit_signal; unsigned long stack; unsigned long stack_size; unsigned long tls; pid_t *set_tid; /* Number of elements in *set_tid */ size_t set_tid_size; int cgroup; struct cgroup *cgrp; struct css_set *cset; }; /* * This serializes "schedule()" and also protects * the run-queue from deletions/modifications (but * _adding_ to the beginning of the run-queue has * a separate lock). */ extern rwlock_t tasklist_lock; extern spinlock_t mmlist_lock; extern union thread_union init_thread_union; extern struct task_struct init_task; #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU extern int lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held(void); #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ extern asmlinkage void schedule_tail(struct task_struct *prev); extern void init_idle(struct task_struct *idle, int cpu); extern int sched_fork(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p); extern void sched_post_fork(struct task_struct *p, struct kernel_clone_args *kargs); extern void sched_dead(struct task_struct *p); void __noreturn do_task_dead(void); extern void proc_caches_init(void); extern void fork_init(void); extern void release_task(struct task_struct * p); extern int copy_thread(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct task_struct *, unsigned long); extern void flush_thread(void); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_EXIT_THREAD extern void exit_thread(struct task_struct *tsk); #else static inline void exit_thread(struct task_struct *tsk) { } #endif extern void do_group_exit(int); extern void exit_files(struct task_struct *); extern void exit_itimers(struct signal_struct *); extern pid_t kernel_clone(struct kernel_clone_args *kargs); struct task_struct *fork_idle(int); struct mm_struct *copy_init_mm(void); extern pid_t kernel_thread(int (*fn)(void *), void *arg, unsigned long flags); extern long kernel_wait4(pid_t, int __user *, int, struct rusage *); int kernel_wait(pid_t pid, int *stat); extern void free_task(struct task_struct *tsk); /* sched_exec is called by processes performing an exec */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern void sched_exec(void); #else #define sched_exec() {} #endif static inline struct task_struct *get_task_struct(struct task_struct *t) { refcount_inc(&t->usage); return t; } extern void __put_task_struct(struct task_struct *t); static inline void put_task_struct(struct task_struct *t) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&t->usage)) __put_task_struct(t); } static inline void put_task_struct_many(struct task_struct *t, int nr) { if (refcount_sub_and_test(nr, &t->usage)) __put_task_struct(t); } void put_task_struct_rcu_user(struct task_struct *task); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANTS_DYNAMIC_TASK_STRUCT extern int arch_task_struct_size __read_mostly; #else # define arch_task_struct_size (sizeof(struct task_struct)) #endif #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_THREAD_STRUCT_WHITELIST /* * If an architecture has not declared a thread_struct whitelist we * must assume something there may need to be copied to userspace. */ static inline void arch_thread_struct_whitelist(unsigned long *offset, unsigned long *size) { *offset = 0; /* Handle dynamically sized thread_struct. */ *size = arch_task_struct_size - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK static inline struct vm_struct *task_stack_vm_area(const struct task_struct *t) { return t->stack_vm_area; } #else static inline struct vm_struct *task_stack_vm_area(const struct task_struct *t) { return NULL; } #endif /* * Protects ->fs, ->files, ->mm, ->group_info, ->comm, keyring * subscriptions and synchronises with wait4(). Also used in procfs. Also * pins the final release of task.io_context. Also protects ->cpuset and * ->cgroup.subsys[]. And ->vfork_done. And ->sysvshm.shm_clist. * * Nests both inside and outside of read_lock(&tasklist_lock). * It must not be nested with write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock), * neither inside nor outside. */ static inline void task_lock(struct task_struct *p) { spin_lock(&p->alloc_lock); } static inline void task_unlock(struct task_struct *p) { spin_unlock(&p->alloc_lock); } #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* File: linux/posix_acl_xattr.h Extended attribute system call representation of Access Control Lists. Copyright (C) 2000 by Andreas Gruenbacher <a.gruenbacher@computer.org> Copyright (C) 2002 SGI - Silicon Graphics, Inc <linux-xfs@oss.sgi.com> */ #ifndef _POSIX_ACL_XATTR_H #define _POSIX_ACL_XATTR_H #include <uapi/linux/xattr.h> #include <uapi/linux/posix_acl_xattr.h> #include <linux/posix_acl.h> static inline size_t posix_acl_xattr_size(int count) { return (sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_header) + (count * sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_entry))); } static inline int posix_acl_xattr_count(size_t size) { if (size < sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_header)) return -1; size -= sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_header); if (size % sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_entry)) return -1; return size / sizeof(struct posix_acl_xattr_entry); } #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL void posix_acl_fix_xattr_from_user(void *value, size_t size); void posix_acl_fix_xattr_to_user(void *value, size_t size); #else static inline void posix_acl_fix_xattr_from_user(void *value, size_t size) { } static inline void posix_acl_fix_xattr_to_user(void *value, size_t size) { } #endif struct posix_acl *posix_acl_from_xattr(struct user_namespace *user_ns, const void *value, size_t size); int posix_acl_to_xattr(struct user_namespace *user_ns, const struct posix_acl *acl, void *buffer, size_t size); extern const struct xattr_handler posix_acl_access_xattr_handler; extern const struct xattr_handler posix_acl_default_xattr_handler; #endif /* _POSIX_ACL_XATTR_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H #define _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H #include <linux/sched/coredump.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/fs.h> /* only for vma_is_dax() */ vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf); int copy_huge_pmd(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); void huge_pmd_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); int copy_huge_pud(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm, pud_t *dst_pud, pud_t *src_pud, unsigned long addr, struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD void huge_pud_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud); #else static inline void huge_pud_set_accessed(struct vm_fault *vmf, pud_t orig_pud) { } #endif vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); struct page *follow_trans_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned int flags); bool madvise_free_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long next); int zap_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr); int zap_huge_pud(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr); bool move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, unsigned long new_addr, pmd_t *old_pmd, pmd_t *new_pmd); int change_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pmd_prot(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool write); /** * vmf_insert_pfn_pmd - insert a pmd size pfn * @vmf: Structure describing the fault * @pfn: pfn to insert * @pgprot: page protection to use * @write: whether it's a write fault * * Insert a pmd size pfn. See vmf_insert_pfn() for additional info. * * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pmd(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, bool write) { return vmf_insert_pfn_pmd_prot(vmf, pfn, vmf->vma->vm_page_prot, write); } vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pud_prot(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, pgprot_t pgprot, bool write); /** * vmf_insert_pfn_pud - insert a pud size pfn * @vmf: Structure describing the fault * @pfn: pfn to insert * @pgprot: page protection to use * @write: whether it's a write fault * * Insert a pud size pfn. See vmf_insert_pfn() for additional info. * * Return: vm_fault_t value. */ static inline vm_fault_t vmf_insert_pfn_pud(struct vm_fault *vmf, pfn_t pfn, bool write) { return vmf_insert_pfn_pud_prot(vmf, pfn, vmf->vma->vm_page_prot, write); } enum transparent_hugepage_flag { TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_DIRECT_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KSWAPD_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KSWAPD_OR_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_REQ_MADV_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KHUGEPAGED_FLAG, TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_USE_ZERO_PAGE_FLAG, #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEBUG_COW_FLAG, #endif }; struct kobject; struct kobj_attribute; ssize_t single_hugepage_flag_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count, enum transparent_hugepage_flag flag); ssize_t single_hugepage_flag_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf, enum transparent_hugepage_flag flag); extern struct kobj_attribute shmem_enabled_attr; #define HPAGE_PMD_ORDER (HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT-PAGE_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PMD_NR (1<<HPAGE_PMD_ORDER) #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #define HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT PMD_SHIFT #define HPAGE_PMD_SIZE ((1UL) << HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PMD_MASK (~(HPAGE_PMD_SIZE - 1)) #define HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT PUD_SHIFT #define HPAGE_PUD_SIZE ((1UL) << HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT) #define HPAGE_PUD_MASK (~(HPAGE_PUD_SIZE - 1)) extern unsigned long transparent_hugepage_flags; static inline bool transhuge_vma_suitable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long haddr) { /* Don't have to check pgoff for anonymous vma */ if (!vma_is_anonymous(vma)) { if (!IS_ALIGNED((vma->vm_start >> PAGE_SHIFT) - vma->vm_pgoff, HPAGE_PMD_NR)) return false; } if (haddr < vma->vm_start || haddr + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE > vma->vm_end) return false; return true; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags) { /* Explicitly disabled through madvise. */ if ((vm_flags & VM_NOHUGEPAGE) || test_bit(MMF_DISABLE_THP, &vma->vm_mm->flags)) return false; return true; } /* * to be used on vmas which are known to support THP. * Use transparent_hugepage_active otherwise */ static inline bool __transparent_hugepage_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { /* * If the hardware/firmware marked hugepage support disabled. */ if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_NEVER_DAX)) return false; if (!transhuge_vma_enabled(vma, vma->vm_flags)) return false; if (vma_is_temporary_stack(vma)) return false; if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG)) return true; if (vma_is_dax(vma)) return true; if (transparent_hugepage_flags & (1 << TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG)) return !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGEPAGE); return false; } bool transparent_hugepage_active(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #define transparent_hugepage_use_zero_page() \ (transparent_hugepage_flags & \ (1<<TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_USE_ZERO_PAGE_FLAG)) unsigned long thp_get_unmapped_area(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags); void prep_transhuge_page(struct page *page); void free_transhuge_page(struct page *page); bool is_transparent_hugepage(struct page *page); bool can_split_huge_page(struct page *page, int *pextra_pins); int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list); static inline int split_huge_page(struct page *page) { return split_huge_page_to_list(page, NULL); } void deferred_split_huge_page(struct page *page); void __split_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page); #define split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { \ pmd_t *____pmd = (__pmd); \ if (is_swap_pmd(*____pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*____pmd) \ || pmd_devmap(*____pmd)) \ __split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address, \ false, NULL); \ } while (0) void split_huge_pmd_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page); void __split_huge_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address); #define split_huge_pud(__vma, __pud, __address) \ do { \ pud_t *____pud = (__pud); \ if (pud_trans_huge(*____pud) \ || pud_devmap(*____pud)) \ __split_huge_pud(__vma, __pud, __address); \ } while (0) int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice); void vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, long adjust_next); spinlock_t *__pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma); spinlock_t *__pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma); static inline int is_swap_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return !pmd_none(pmd) && !pmd_present(pmd); } /* mmap_lock must be held on entry */ static inline spinlock_t *pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (is_swap_pmd(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) return __pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma); else return NULL; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (pud_trans_huge(*pud) || pud_devmap(*pud)) return __pud_trans_huge_lock(pud, vma); else return NULL; } /** * thp_head - Head page of a transparent huge page. * @page: Any page (tail, head or regular) found in the page cache. */ static inline struct page *thp_head(struct page *page) { return compound_head(page); } /** * thp_order - Order of a transparent huge page. * @page: Head page of a transparent huge page. */ static inline unsigned int thp_order(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); if (PageHead(page)) return HPAGE_PMD_ORDER; return 0; } /** * thp_nr_pages - The number of regular pages in this huge page. * @page: The head page of a huge page. */ static inline int thp_nr_pages(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); if (PageHead(page)) return HPAGE_PMD_NR; return 1; } struct page *follow_devmap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap); struct page *follow_devmap_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap); vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd); extern struct page *huge_zero_page; extern unsigned long huge_zero_pfn; static inline bool is_huge_zero_page(struct page *page) { return READ_ONCE(huge_zero_page) == page; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return READ_ONCE(huge_zero_pfn) == pmd_pfn(pmd) && pmd_present(pmd); } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pud(pud_t pud) { return false; } struct page *mm_get_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm); void mm_put_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm); #define mk_huge_pmd(page, prot) pmd_mkhuge(mk_pmd(page, prot)) static inline bool thp_migration_supported(void) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION); } static inline struct list_head *page_deferred_list(struct page *page) { /* * Global or memcg deferred list in the second tail pages is * occupied by compound_head. */ return &page[2].deferred_list; } #else /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #define HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PMD_MASK ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PMD_SIZE ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_SHIFT ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_MASK ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) #define HPAGE_PUD_SIZE ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; }) static inline struct page *thp_head(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return page; } static inline unsigned int thp_order(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return 0; } static inline int thp_nr_pages(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(PageTail(page), page); return 1; } static inline bool __transparent_hugepage_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } static inline bool transparent_hugepage_active(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_suitable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long haddr) { return false; } static inline bool transhuge_vma_enabled(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags) { return false; } static inline void prep_transhuge_page(struct page *page) {} static inline bool is_transparent_hugepage(struct page *page) { return false; } #define transparent_hugepage_flags 0UL #define thp_get_unmapped_area NULL static inline bool can_split_huge_page(struct page *page, int *pextra_pins) { BUILD_BUG(); return false; } static inline int split_huge_page_to_list(struct page *page, struct list_head *list) { return 0; } static inline int split_huge_page(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline void deferred_split_huge_page(struct page *page) {} #define split_huge_pmd(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { } while (0) static inline void __split_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page) {} static inline void split_huge_pmd_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, bool freeze, struct page *page) {} #define split_huge_pud(__vma, __pmd, __address) \ do { } while (0) static inline int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice) { BUG(); return 0; } static inline void vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, long adjust_next) { } static inline int is_swap_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline spinlock_t *pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return NULL; } static inline spinlock_t *pud_trans_huge_lock(pud_t *pud, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return NULL; } static inline vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd) { return 0; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_page(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pmd(pmd_t pmd) { return false; } static inline bool is_huge_zero_pud(pud_t pud) { return false; } static inline void mm_put_huge_zero_page(struct mm_struct *mm) { return; } static inline struct page *follow_devmap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *follow_devmap_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud, int flags, struct dev_pagemap **pgmap) { return NULL; } static inline bool thp_migration_supported(void) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ /** * thp_size - Size of a transparent huge page. * @page: Head page of a transparent huge page. * * Return: Number of bytes in this page. */ static inline unsigned long thp_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << thp_order(page); } #endif /* _LINUX_HUGE_MM_H */
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3221 3222 3223 3224 3225 3226 3227 3228 3229 3230 3231 3232 3233 3234 3235 3236 3237 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * fs/dcache.c * * Complete reimplementation * (C) 1997 Thomas Schoebel-Theuer, * with heavy changes by Linus Torvalds */ /* * Notes on the allocation strategy: * * The dcache is a master of the icache - whenever a dcache entry * exists, the inode will always exist. "iput()" is done either when * the dcache entry is deleted or garbage collected. */ #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/fscrypt.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/hash.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/rculist_bl.h> #include <linux/list_lru.h> #include "internal.h" #include "mount.h" /* * Usage: * dcache->d_inode->i_lock protects: * - i_dentry, d_u.d_alias, d_inode of aliases * dcache_hash_bucket lock protects: * - the dcache hash table * s_roots bl list spinlock protects: * - the s_roots list (see __d_drop) * dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru_lock protects: * - the dcache lru lists and counters * d_lock protects: * - d_flags * - d_name * - d_lru * - d_count * - d_unhashed() * - d_parent and d_subdirs * - childrens' d_child and d_parent * - d_u.d_alias, d_inode * * Ordering: * dentry->d_inode->i_lock * dentry->d_lock * dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru_lock * dcache_hash_bucket lock * s_roots lock * * If there is an ancestor relationship: * dentry->d_parent->...->d_parent->d_lock * ... * dentry->d_parent->d_lock * dentry->d_lock * * If no ancestor relationship: * arbitrary, since it's serialized on rename_lock */ int sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure __read_mostly = 100; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure); __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SEQLOCK(rename_lock); EXPORT_SYMBOL(rename_lock); static struct kmem_cache *dentry_cache __read_mostly; const struct qstr empty_name = QSTR_INIT("", 0); EXPORT_SYMBOL(empty_name); const struct qstr slash_name = QSTR_INIT("/", 1); EXPORT_SYMBOL(slash_name); /* * This is the single most critical data structure when it comes * to the dcache: the hashtable for lookups. Somebody should try * to make this good - I've just made it work. * * This hash-function tries to avoid losing too many bits of hash * information, yet avoid using a prime hash-size or similar. */ static unsigned int d_hash_shift __read_mostly; static struct hlist_bl_head *dentry_hashtable __read_mostly; static inline struct hlist_bl_head *d_hash(unsigned int hash) { return dentry_hashtable + (hash >> d_hash_shift); } #define IN_LOOKUP_SHIFT 10 static struct hlist_bl_head in_lookup_hashtable[1 << IN_LOOKUP_SHIFT]; static inline struct hlist_bl_head *in_lookup_hash(const struct dentry *parent, unsigned int hash) { hash += (unsigned long) parent / L1_CACHE_BYTES; return in_lookup_hashtable + hash_32(hash, IN_LOOKUP_SHIFT); } /* Statistics gathering. */ struct dentry_stat_t dentry_stat = { .age_limit = 45, }; static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long, nr_dentry); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long, nr_dentry_unused); static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long, nr_dentry_negative); #if defined(CONFIG_SYSCTL) && defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) /* * Here we resort to our own counters instead of using generic per-cpu counters * for consistency with what the vfs inode code does. We are expected to harvest * better code and performance by having our own specialized counters. * * Please note that the loop is done over all possible CPUs, not over all online * CPUs. The reason for this is that we don't want to play games with CPUs going * on and off. If one of them goes off, we will just keep their counters. * * glommer: See cffbc8a for details, and if you ever intend to change this, * please update all vfs counters to match. */ static long get_nr_dentry(void) { int i; long sum = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(i) sum += per_cpu(nr_dentry, i); return sum < 0 ? 0 : sum; } static long get_nr_dentry_unused(void) { int i; long sum = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(i) sum += per_cpu(nr_dentry_unused, i); return sum < 0 ? 0 : sum; } static long get_nr_dentry_negative(void) { int i; long sum = 0; for_each_possible_cpu(i) sum += per_cpu(nr_dentry_negative, i); return sum < 0 ? 0 : sum; } int proc_nr_dentry(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { dentry_stat.nr_dentry = get_nr_dentry(); dentry_stat.nr_unused = get_nr_dentry_unused(); dentry_stat.nr_negative = get_nr_dentry_negative(); return proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } #endif /* * Compare 2 name strings, return 0 if they match, otherwise non-zero. * The strings are both count bytes long, and count is non-zero. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DCACHE_WORD_ACCESS #include <asm/word-at-a-time.h> /* * NOTE! 'cs' and 'scount' come from a dentry, so it has a * aligned allocation for this particular component. We don't * strictly need the load_unaligned_zeropad() safety, but it * doesn't hurt either. * * In contrast, 'ct' and 'tcount' can be from a pathname, and do * need the careful unaligned handling. */ static inline int dentry_string_cmp(const unsigned char *cs, const unsigned char *ct, unsigned tcount) { unsigned long a,b,mask; for (;;) { a = read_word_at_a_time(cs); b = load_unaligned_zeropad(ct); if (tcount < sizeof(unsigned long)) break; if (unlikely(a != b)) return 1; cs += sizeof(unsigned long); ct += sizeof(unsigned long); tcount -= sizeof(unsigned long); if (!tcount) return 0; } mask = bytemask_from_count(tcount); return unlikely(!!((a ^ b) & mask)); } #else static inline int dentry_string_cmp(const unsigned char *cs, const unsigned char *ct, unsigned tcount) { do { if (*cs != *ct) return 1; cs++; ct++; tcount--; } while (tcount); return 0; } #endif static inline int dentry_cmp(const struct dentry *dentry, const unsigned char *ct, unsigned tcount) { /* * Be careful about RCU walk racing with rename: * use 'READ_ONCE' to fetch the name pointer. * * NOTE! Even if a rename will mean that the length * was not loaded atomically, we don't care. The * RCU walk will check the sequence count eventually, * and catch it. And we won't overrun the buffer, * because we're reading the name pointer atomically, * and a dentry name is guaranteed to be properly * terminated with a NUL byte. * * End result: even if 'len' is wrong, we'll exit * early because the data cannot match (there can * be no NUL in the ct/tcount data) */ const unsigned char *cs = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_name.name); return dentry_string_cmp(cs, ct, tcount); } struct external_name { union { atomic_t count; struct rcu_head head; } u; unsigned char name[]; }; static inline struct external_name *external_name(struct dentry *dentry) { return container_of(dentry->d_name.name, struct external_name, name[0]); } static void __d_free(struct rcu_head *head) { struct dentry *dentry = container_of(head, struct dentry, d_u.d_rcu); kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry); } static void __d_free_external(struct rcu_head *head) { struct dentry *dentry = container_of(head, struct dentry, d_u.d_rcu); kfree(external_name(dentry)); kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry); } static inline int dname_external(const struct dentry *dentry) { return dentry->d_name.name != dentry->d_iname; } void take_dentry_name_snapshot(struct name_snapshot *name, struct dentry *dentry) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); name->name = dentry->d_name; if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) { atomic_inc(&external_name(dentry)->u.count); } else { memcpy(name->inline_name, dentry->d_iname, dentry->d_name.len + 1); name->name.name = name->inline_name; } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(take_dentry_name_snapshot); void release_dentry_name_snapshot(struct name_snapshot *name) { if (unlikely(name->name.name != name->inline_name)) { struct external_name *p; p = container_of(name->name.name, struct external_name, name[0]); if (unlikely(atomic_dec_and_test(&p->u.count))) kfree_rcu(p, u.head); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(release_dentry_name_snapshot); static inline void __d_set_inode_and_type(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, unsigned type_flags) { unsigned flags; dentry->d_inode = inode; flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags); flags &= ~(DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE | DCACHE_FALLTHRU); flags |= type_flags; smp_store_release(&dentry->d_flags, flags); } static inline void __d_clear_type_and_inode(struct dentry *dentry) { unsigned flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags); flags &= ~(DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE | DCACHE_FALLTHRU); WRITE_ONCE(dentry->d_flags, flags); dentry->d_inode = NULL; if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_negative); } static void dentry_free(struct dentry *dentry) { WARN_ON(!hlist_unhashed(&dentry->d_u.d_alias)); if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) { struct external_name *p = external_name(dentry); if (likely(atomic_dec_and_test(&p->u.count))) { call_rcu(&dentry->d_u.d_rcu, __d_free_external); return; } } /* if dentry was never visible to RCU, immediate free is OK */ if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_NORCU) __d_free(&dentry->d_u.d_rcu); else call_rcu(&dentry->d_u.d_rcu, __d_free); } /* * Release the dentry's inode, using the filesystem * d_iput() operation if defined. */ static void dentry_unlink_inode(struct dentry * dentry) __releases(dentry->d_lock) __releases(dentry->d_inode->i_lock) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; raw_write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); __d_clear_type_and_inode(dentry); hlist_del_init(&dentry->d_u.d_alias); raw_write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); if (!inode->i_nlink) fsnotify_inoderemove(inode); if (dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_iput) dentry->d_op->d_iput(dentry, inode); else iput(inode); } /* * The DCACHE_LRU_LIST bit is set whenever the 'd_lru' entry * is in use - which includes both the "real" per-superblock * LRU list _and_ the DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST use. * * The DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST bit is set whenever the dentry is * on the shrink list (ie not on the superblock LRU list). * * The per-cpu "nr_dentry_unused" counters are updated with * the DCACHE_LRU_LIST bit. * * The per-cpu "nr_dentry_negative" counters are only updated * when deleted from or added to the per-superblock LRU list, not * from/to the shrink list. That is to avoid an unneeded dec/inc * pair when moving from LRU to shrink list in select_collect(). * * These helper functions make sure we always follow the * rules. d_lock must be held by the caller. */ #define D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry,x) WARN_ON_ONCE(((dentry)->d_flags & (DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST)) != (x)) static void d_lru_add(struct dentry *dentry) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, 0); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_LRU_LIST; this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_unused); if (d_is_negative(dentry)) this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_negative); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_lru_add(&dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru, &dentry->d_lru)); } static void d_lru_del(struct dentry *dentry) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, DCACHE_LRU_LIST); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_LRU_LIST; this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_unused); if (d_is_negative(dentry)) this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative); WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_lru_del(&dentry->d_sb->s_dentry_lru, &dentry->d_lru)); } static void d_shrink_del(struct dentry *dentry) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST | DCACHE_LRU_LIST); list_del_init(&dentry->d_lru); dentry->d_flags &= ~(DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST | DCACHE_LRU_LIST); this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_unused); } static void d_shrink_add(struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, 0); list_add(&dentry->d_lru, list); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST | DCACHE_LRU_LIST; this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry_unused); } /* * These can only be called under the global LRU lock, ie during the * callback for freeing the LRU list. "isolate" removes it from the * LRU lists entirely, while shrink_move moves it to the indicated * private list. */ static void d_lru_isolate(struct list_lru_one *lru, struct dentry *dentry) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, DCACHE_LRU_LIST); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_LRU_LIST; this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_unused); if (d_is_negative(dentry)) this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative); list_lru_isolate(lru, &dentry->d_lru); } static void d_lru_shrink_move(struct list_lru_one *lru, struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list) { D_FLAG_VERIFY(dentry, DCACHE_LRU_LIST); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST; if (d_is_negative(dentry)) this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative); list_lru_isolate_move(lru, &dentry->d_lru, list); } /** * d_drop - drop a dentry * @dentry: dentry to drop * * d_drop() unhashes the entry from the parent dentry hashes, so that it won't * be found through a VFS lookup any more. Note that this is different from * deleting the dentry - d_delete will try to mark the dentry negative if * possible, giving a successful _negative_ lookup, while d_drop will * just make the cache lookup fail. * * d_drop() is used mainly for stuff that wants to invalidate a dentry for some * reason (NFS timeouts or autofs deletes). * * __d_drop requires dentry->d_lock * ___d_drop doesn't mark dentry as "unhashed" * (dentry->d_hash.pprev will be LIST_POISON2, not NULL). */ static void ___d_drop(struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_bl_head *b; /* * Hashed dentries are normally on the dentry hashtable, * with the exception of those newly allocated by * d_obtain_root, which are always IS_ROOT: */ if (unlikely(IS_ROOT(dentry))) b = &dentry->d_sb->s_roots; else b = d_hash(dentry->d_name.hash); hlist_bl_lock(b); __hlist_bl_del(&dentry->d_hash); hlist_bl_unlock(b); } void __d_drop(struct dentry *dentry) { if (!d_unhashed(dentry)) { ___d_drop(dentry); dentry->d_hash.pprev = NULL; write_seqcount_invalidate(&dentry->d_seq); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__d_drop); void d_drop(struct dentry *dentry) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); __d_drop(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_drop); static inline void dentry_unlist(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *parent) { struct dentry *next; /* * Inform d_walk() and shrink_dentry_list() that we are no longer * attached to the dentry tree */ dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_DENTRY_KILLED; if (unlikely(list_empty(&dentry->d_child))) return; __list_del_entry(&dentry->d_child); /* * Cursors can move around the list of children. While we'd been * a normal list member, it didn't matter - ->d_child.next would've * been updated. However, from now on it won't be and for the * things like d_walk() it might end up with a nasty surprise. * Normally d_walk() doesn't care about cursors moving around - * ->d_lock on parent prevents that and since a cursor has no children * of its own, we get through it without ever unlocking the parent. * There is one exception, though - if we ascend from a child that * gets killed as soon as we unlock it, the next sibling is found * using the value left in its ->d_child.next. And if _that_ * pointed to a cursor, and cursor got moved (e.g. by lseek()) * before d_walk() regains parent->d_lock, we'll end up skipping * everything the cursor had been moved past. * * Solution: make sure that the pointer left behind in ->d_child.next * points to something that won't be moving around. I.e. skip the * cursors. */ while (dentry->d_child.next != &parent->d_subdirs) { next = list_entry(dentry->d_child.next, struct dentry, d_child); if (likely(!(next->d_flags & DCACHE_DENTRY_CURSOR))) break; dentry->d_child.next = next->d_child.next; } } static void __dentry_kill(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *parent = NULL; bool can_free = true; if (!IS_ROOT(dentry)) parent = dentry->d_parent; /* * The dentry is now unrecoverably dead to the world. */ lockref_mark_dead(&dentry->d_lockref); /* * inform the fs via d_prune that this dentry is about to be * unhashed and destroyed. */ if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_PRUNE) dentry->d_op->d_prune(dentry); if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) { if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST)) d_lru_del(dentry); } /* if it was on the hash then remove it */ __d_drop(dentry); dentry_unlist(dentry, parent); if (parent) spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); if (dentry->d_inode) dentry_unlink_inode(dentry); else spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry); if (dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_release) dentry->d_op->d_release(dentry); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) { dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_MAY_FREE; can_free = false; } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); if (likely(can_free)) dentry_free(dentry); cond_resched(); } static struct dentry *__lock_parent(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *parent; rcu_read_lock(); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); again: parent = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_parent); spin_lock(&parent->d_lock); /* * We can't blindly lock dentry until we are sure * that we won't violate the locking order. * Any changes of dentry->d_parent must have * been done with parent->d_lock held, so * spin_lock() above is enough of a barrier * for checking if it's still our child. */ if (unlikely(parent != dentry->d_parent)) { spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); goto again; } rcu_read_unlock(); if (parent != dentry) spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); else parent = NULL; return parent; } static inline struct dentry *lock_parent(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *parent = dentry->d_parent; if (IS_ROOT(dentry)) return NULL; if (likely(spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock))) return parent; return __lock_parent(dentry); } static inline bool retain_dentry(struct dentry *dentry) { WARN_ON(d_in_lookup(dentry)); /* Unreachable? Get rid of it */ if (unlikely(d_unhashed(dentry))) return false; if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_DISCONNECTED)) return false; if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_DELETE)) { if (dentry->d_op->d_delete(dentry)) return false; } if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_DONTCACHE)) return false; /* retain; LRU fodder */ dentry->d_lockref.count--; if (unlikely(!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST))) d_lru_add(dentry); else if (unlikely(!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_REFERENCED))) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_REFERENCED; return true; } void d_mark_dontcache(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *de; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); hlist_for_each_entry(de, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { spin_lock(&de->d_lock); de->d_flags |= DCACHE_DONTCACHE; spin_unlock(&de->d_lock); } inode->i_state |= I_DONTCACHE; spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_mark_dontcache); /* * Finish off a dentry we've decided to kill. * dentry->d_lock must be held, returns with it unlocked. * Returns dentry requiring refcount drop, or NULL if we're done. */ static struct dentry *dentry_kill(struct dentry *dentry) __releases(dentry->d_lock) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; struct dentry *parent = NULL; if (inode && unlikely(!spin_trylock(&inode->i_lock))) goto slow_positive; if (!IS_ROOT(dentry)) { parent = dentry->d_parent; if (unlikely(!spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock))) { parent = __lock_parent(dentry); if (likely(inode || !dentry->d_inode)) goto got_locks; /* negative that became positive */ if (parent) spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); inode = dentry->d_inode; goto slow_positive; } } __dentry_kill(dentry); return parent; slow_positive: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); parent = lock_parent(dentry); got_locks: if (unlikely(dentry->d_lockref.count != 1)) { dentry->d_lockref.count--; } else if (likely(!retain_dentry(dentry))) { __dentry_kill(dentry); return parent; } /* we are keeping it, after all */ if (inode) spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); if (parent) spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return NULL; } /* * Try to do a lockless dput(), and return whether that was successful. * * If unsuccessful, we return false, having already taken the dentry lock. * * The caller needs to hold the RCU read lock, so that the dentry is * guaranteed to stay around even if the refcount goes down to zero! */ static inline bool fast_dput(struct dentry *dentry) { int ret; unsigned int d_flags; /* * If we have a d_op->d_delete() operation, we sould not * let the dentry count go to zero, so use "put_or_lock". */ if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_DELETE)) return lockref_put_or_lock(&dentry->d_lockref); /* * .. otherwise, we can try to just decrement the * lockref optimistically. */ ret = lockref_put_return(&dentry->d_lockref); /* * If the lockref_put_return() failed due to the lock being held * by somebody else, the fast path has failed. We will need to * get the lock, and then check the count again. */ if (unlikely(ret < 0)) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (dentry->d_lockref.count > 1) { dentry->d_lockref.count--; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return true; } return false; } /* * If we weren't the last ref, we're done. */ if (ret) return true; /* * Careful, careful. The reference count went down * to zero, but we don't hold the dentry lock, so * somebody else could get it again, and do another * dput(), and we need to not race with that. * * However, there is a very special and common case * where we don't care, because there is nothing to * do: the dentry is still hashed, it does not have * a 'delete' op, and it's referenced and already on * the LRU list. * * NOTE! Since we aren't locked, these values are * not "stable". However, it is sufficient that at * some point after we dropped the reference the * dentry was hashed and the flags had the proper * value. Other dentry users may have re-gotten * a reference to the dentry and change that, but * our work is done - we can leave the dentry * around with a zero refcount. */ smp_rmb(); d_flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags); d_flags &= DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST | DCACHE_DISCONNECTED; /* Nothing to do? Dropping the reference was all we needed? */ if (d_flags == (DCACHE_REFERENCED | DCACHE_LRU_LIST) && !d_unhashed(dentry)) return true; /* * Not the fast normal case? Get the lock. We've already decremented * the refcount, but we'll need to re-check the situation after * getting the lock. */ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); /* * Did somebody else grab a reference to it in the meantime, and * we're no longer the last user after all? Alternatively, somebody * else could have killed it and marked it dead. Either way, we * don't need to do anything else. */ if (dentry->d_lockref.count) { spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return true; } /* * Re-get the reference we optimistically dropped. We hold the * lock, and we just tested that it was zero, so we can just * set it to 1. */ dentry->d_lockref.count = 1; return false; } /* * This is dput * * This is complicated by the fact that we do not want to put * dentries that are no longer on any hash chain on the unused * list: we'd much rather just get rid of them immediately. * * However, that implies that we have to traverse the dentry * tree upwards to the parents which might _also_ now be * scheduled for deletion (it may have been only waiting for * its last child to go away). * * This tail recursion is done by hand as we don't want to depend * on the compiler to always get this right (gcc generally doesn't). * Real recursion would eat up our stack space. */ /* * dput - release a dentry * @dentry: dentry to release * * Release a dentry. This will drop the usage count and if appropriate * call the dentry unlink method as well as removing it from the queues and * releasing its resources. If the parent dentries were scheduled for release * they too may now get deleted. */ void dput(struct dentry *dentry) { while (dentry) { might_sleep(); rcu_read_lock(); if (likely(fast_dput(dentry))) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } /* Slow case: now with the dentry lock held */ rcu_read_unlock(); if (likely(retain_dentry(dentry))) { spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return; } dentry = dentry_kill(dentry); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dput); static void __dput_to_list(struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list) __must_hold(&dentry->d_lock) { if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) { /* let the owner of the list it's on deal with it */ --dentry->d_lockref.count; } else { if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) d_lru_del(dentry); if (!--dentry->d_lockref.count) d_shrink_add(dentry, list); } } void dput_to_list(struct dentry *dentry, struct list_head *list) { rcu_read_lock(); if (likely(fast_dput(dentry))) { rcu_read_unlock(); return; } rcu_read_unlock(); if (!retain_dentry(dentry)) __dput_to_list(dentry, list); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /* This must be called with d_lock held */ static inline void __dget_dlock(struct dentry *dentry) { dentry->d_lockref.count++; } static inline void __dget(struct dentry *dentry) { lockref_get(&dentry->d_lockref); } struct dentry *dget_parent(struct dentry *dentry) { int gotref; struct dentry *ret; unsigned seq; /* * Do optimistic parent lookup without any * locking. */ rcu_read_lock(); seq = raw_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); ret = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_parent); gotref = lockref_get_not_zero(&ret->d_lockref); rcu_read_unlock(); if (likely(gotref)) { if (!read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq)) return ret; dput(ret); } repeat: /* * Don't need rcu_dereference because we re-check it was correct under * the lock. */ rcu_read_lock(); ret = dentry->d_parent; spin_lock(&ret->d_lock); if (unlikely(ret != dentry->d_parent)) { spin_unlock(&ret->d_lock); rcu_read_unlock(); goto repeat; } rcu_read_unlock(); BUG_ON(!ret->d_lockref.count); ret->d_lockref.count++; spin_unlock(&ret->d_lock); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(dget_parent); static struct dentry * __d_find_any_alias(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *alias; if (hlist_empty(&inode->i_dentry)) return NULL; alias = hlist_entry(inode->i_dentry.first, struct dentry, d_u.d_alias); __dget(alias); return alias; } /** * d_find_any_alias - find any alias for a given inode * @inode: inode to find an alias for * * If any aliases exist for the given inode, take and return a * reference for one of them. If no aliases exist, return %NULL. */ struct dentry *d_find_any_alias(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *de; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); de = __d_find_any_alias(inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return de; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_find_any_alias); /** * d_find_alias - grab a hashed alias of inode * @inode: inode in question * * If inode has a hashed alias, or is a directory and has any alias, * acquire the reference to alias and return it. Otherwise return NULL. * Notice that if inode is a directory there can be only one alias and * it can be unhashed only if it has no children, or if it is the root * of a filesystem, or if the directory was renamed and d_revalidate * was the first vfs operation to notice. * * If the inode has an IS_ROOT, DCACHE_DISCONNECTED alias, then prefer * any other hashed alias over that one. */ static struct dentry *__d_find_alias(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *alias; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return __d_find_any_alias(inode); hlist_for_each_entry(alias, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { spin_lock(&alias->d_lock); if (!d_unhashed(alias)) { __dget_dlock(alias); spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); return alias; } spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); } return NULL; } struct dentry *d_find_alias(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *de = NULL; if (!hlist_empty(&inode->i_dentry)) { spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); de = __d_find_alias(inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } return de; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_find_alias); /* * Try to kill dentries associated with this inode. * WARNING: you must own a reference to inode. */ void d_prune_aliases(struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *dentry; restart: spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); hlist_for_each_entry(dentry, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) { struct dentry *parent = lock_parent(dentry); if (likely(!dentry->d_lockref.count)) { __dentry_kill(dentry); dput(parent); goto restart; } if (parent) spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_prune_aliases); /* * Lock a dentry from shrink list. * Called under rcu_read_lock() and dentry->d_lock; the former * guarantees that nothing we access will be freed under us. * Note that dentry is *not* protected from concurrent dentry_kill(), * d_delete(), etc. * * Return false if dentry has been disrupted or grabbed, leaving * the caller to kick it off-list. Otherwise, return true and have * that dentry's inode and parent both locked. */ static bool shrink_lock_dentry(struct dentry *dentry) { struct inode *inode; struct dentry *parent; if (dentry->d_lockref.count) return false; inode = dentry->d_inode; if (inode && unlikely(!spin_trylock(&inode->i_lock))) { spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (unlikely(dentry->d_lockref.count)) goto out; /* changed inode means that somebody had grabbed it */ if (unlikely(inode != dentry->d_inode)) goto out; } parent = dentry->d_parent; if (IS_ROOT(dentry) || likely(spin_trylock(&parent->d_lock))) return true; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_lock(&parent->d_lock); if (unlikely(parent != dentry->d_parent)) { spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); goto out; } spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); if (likely(!dentry->d_lockref.count)) return true; spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); out: if (inode) spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return false; } void shrink_dentry_list(struct list_head *list) { while (!list_empty(list)) { struct dentry *dentry, *parent; dentry = list_entry(list->prev, struct dentry, d_lru); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); rcu_read_lock(); if (!shrink_lock_dentry(dentry)) { bool can_free = false; rcu_read_unlock(); d_shrink_del(dentry); if (dentry->d_lockref.count < 0) can_free = dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_MAY_FREE; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); if (can_free) dentry_free(dentry); continue; } rcu_read_unlock(); d_shrink_del(dentry); parent = dentry->d_parent; if (parent != dentry) __dput_to_list(parent, list); __dentry_kill(dentry); } } static enum lru_status dentry_lru_isolate(struct list_head *item, struct list_lru_one *lru, spinlock_t *lru_lock, void *arg) { struct list_head *freeable = arg; struct dentry *dentry = container_of(item, struct dentry, d_lru); /* * we are inverting the lru lock/dentry->d_lock here, * so use a trylock. If we fail to get the lock, just skip * it */ if (!spin_trylock(&dentry->d_lock)) return LRU_SKIP; /* * Referenced dentries are still in use. If they have active * counts, just remove them from the LRU. Otherwise give them * another pass through the LRU. */ if (dentry->d_lockref.count) { d_lru_isolate(lru, dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return LRU_REMOVED; } if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_REFERENCED) { dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_REFERENCED; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); /* * The list move itself will be made by the common LRU code. At * this point, we've dropped the dentry->d_lock but keep the * lru lock. This is safe to do, since every list movement is * protected by the lru lock even if both locks are held. * * This is guaranteed by the fact that all LRU management * functions are intermediated by the LRU API calls like * list_lru_add and list_lru_del. List movement in this file * only ever occur through this functions or through callbacks * like this one, that are called from the LRU API. * * The only exceptions to this are functions like * shrink_dentry_list, and code that first checks for the * DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST flag. Those are guaranteed to be * operating only with stack provided lists after they are * properly isolated from the main list. It is thus, always a * local access. */ return LRU_ROTATE; } d_lru_shrink_move(lru, dentry, freeable); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return LRU_REMOVED; } /** * prune_dcache_sb - shrink the dcache * @sb: superblock * @sc: shrink control, passed to list_lru_shrink_walk() * * Attempt to shrink the superblock dcache LRU by @sc->nr_to_scan entries. This * is done when we need more memory and called from the superblock shrinker * function. * * This function may fail to free any resources if all the dentries are in * use. */ long prune_dcache_sb(struct super_block *sb, struct shrink_control *sc) { LIST_HEAD(dispose); long freed; freed = list_lru_shrink_walk(&sb->s_dentry_lru, sc, dentry_lru_isolate, &dispose); shrink_dentry_list(&dispose); return freed; } static enum lru_status dentry_lru_isolate_shrink(struct list_head *item, struct list_lru_one *lru, spinlock_t *lru_lock, void *arg) { struct list_head *freeable = arg; struct dentry *dentry = container_of(item, struct dentry, d_lru); /* * we are inverting the lru lock/dentry->d_lock here, * so use a trylock. If we fail to get the lock, just skip * it */ if (!spin_trylock(&dentry->d_lock)) return LRU_SKIP; d_lru_shrink_move(lru, dentry, freeable); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return LRU_REMOVED; } /** * shrink_dcache_sb - shrink dcache for a superblock * @sb: superblock * * Shrink the dcache for the specified super block. This is used to free * the dcache before unmounting a file system. */ void shrink_dcache_sb(struct super_block *sb) { do { LIST_HEAD(dispose); list_lru_walk(&sb->s_dentry_lru, dentry_lru_isolate_shrink, &dispose, 1024); shrink_dentry_list(&dispose); } while (list_lru_count(&sb->s_dentry_lru) > 0); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(shrink_dcache_sb); /** * enum d_walk_ret - action to talke during tree walk * @D_WALK_CONTINUE: contrinue walk * @D_WALK_QUIT: quit walk * @D_WALK_NORETRY: quit when retry is needed * @D_WALK_SKIP: skip this dentry and its children */ enum d_walk_ret { D_WALK_CONTINUE, D_WALK_QUIT, D_WALK_NORETRY, D_WALK_SKIP, }; /** * d_walk - walk the dentry tree * @parent: start of walk * @data: data passed to @enter() and @finish() * @enter: callback when first entering the dentry * * The @enter() callbacks are called with d_lock held. */ static void d_walk(struct dentry *parent, void *data, enum d_walk_ret (*enter)(void *, struct dentry *)) { struct dentry *this_parent; struct list_head *next; unsigned seq = 0; enum d_walk_ret ret; bool retry = true; again: read_seqbegin_or_lock(&rename_lock, &seq); this_parent = parent; spin_lock(&this_parent->d_lock); ret = enter(data, this_parent); switch (ret) { case D_WALK_CONTINUE: break; case D_WALK_QUIT: case D_WALK_SKIP: goto out_unlock; case D_WALK_NORETRY: retry = false; break; } repeat: next = this_parent->d_subdirs.next; resume: while (next != &this_parent->d_subdirs) { struct list_head *tmp = next; struct dentry *dentry = list_entry(tmp, struct dentry, d_child); next = tmp->next; if (unlikely(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_DENTRY_CURSOR)) continue; spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); ret = enter(data, dentry); switch (ret) { case D_WALK_CONTINUE: break; case D_WALK_QUIT: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); goto out_unlock; case D_WALK_NORETRY: retry = false; break; case D_WALK_SKIP: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); continue; } if (!list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) { spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock); spin_release(&dentry->d_lock.dep_map, _RET_IP_); this_parent = dentry; spin_acquire(&this_parent->d_lock.dep_map, 0, 1, _RET_IP_); goto repeat; } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /* * All done at this level ... ascend and resume the search. */ rcu_read_lock(); ascend: if (this_parent != parent) { struct dentry *child = this_parent; this_parent = child->d_parent; spin_unlock(&child->d_lock); spin_lock(&this_parent->d_lock); /* might go back up the wrong parent if we have had a rename. */ if (need_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)) goto rename_retry; /* go into the first sibling still alive */ do { next = child->d_child.next; if (next == &this_parent->d_subdirs) goto ascend; child = list_entry(next, struct dentry, d_child); } while (unlikely(child->d_flags & DCACHE_DENTRY_KILLED)); rcu_read_unlock(); goto resume; } if (need_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)) goto rename_retry; rcu_read_unlock(); out_unlock: spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock); done_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq); return; rename_retry: spin_unlock(&this_parent->d_lock); rcu_read_unlock(); BUG_ON(seq & 1); if (!retry) return; seq = 1; goto again; } struct check_mount { struct vfsmount *mnt; unsigned int mounted; }; static enum d_walk_ret path_check_mount(void *data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct check_mount *info = data; struct path path = { .mnt = info->mnt, .dentry = dentry }; if (likely(!d_mountpoint(dentry))) return D_WALK_CONTINUE; if (__path_is_mountpoint(&path)) { info->mounted = 1; return D_WALK_QUIT; } return D_WALK_CONTINUE; } /** * path_has_submounts - check for mounts over a dentry in the * current namespace. * @parent: path to check. * * Return true if the parent or its subdirectories contain * a mount point in the current namespace. */ int path_has_submounts(const struct path *parent) { struct check_mount data = { .mnt = parent->mnt, .mounted = 0 }; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); d_walk(parent->dentry, &data, path_check_mount); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return data.mounted; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_has_submounts); /* * Called by mount code to set a mountpoint and check if the mountpoint is * reachable (e.g. NFS can unhash a directory dentry and then the complete * subtree can become unreachable). * * Only one of d_invalidate() and d_set_mounted() must succeed. For * this reason take rename_lock and d_lock on dentry and ancestors. */ int d_set_mounted(struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *p; int ret = -ENOENT; write_seqlock(&rename_lock); for (p = dentry->d_parent; !IS_ROOT(p); p = p->d_parent) { /* Need exclusion wrt. d_invalidate() */ spin_lock(&p->d_lock); if (unlikely(d_unhashed(p))) { spin_unlock(&p->d_lock); goto out; } spin_unlock(&p->d_lock); } spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (!d_unlinked(dentry)) { ret = -EBUSY; if (!d_mountpoint(dentry)) { dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_MOUNTED; ret = 0; } } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); out: write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); return ret; } /* * Search the dentry child list of the specified parent, * and move any unused dentries to the end of the unused * list for prune_dcache(). We descend to the next level * whenever the d_subdirs list is non-empty and continue * searching. * * It returns zero iff there are no unused children, * otherwise it returns the number of children moved to * the end of the unused list. This may not be the total * number of unused children, because select_parent can * drop the lock and return early due to latency * constraints. */ struct select_data { struct dentry *start; union { long found; struct dentry *victim; }; struct list_head dispose; }; static enum d_walk_ret select_collect(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct select_data *data = _data; enum d_walk_ret ret = D_WALK_CONTINUE; if (data->start == dentry) goto out; if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) { data->found++; } else { if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) d_lru_del(dentry); if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) { d_shrink_add(dentry, &data->dispose); data->found++; } } /* * We can return to the caller if we have found some (this * ensures forward progress). We'll be coming back to find * the rest. */ if (!list_empty(&data->dispose)) ret = need_resched() ? D_WALK_QUIT : D_WALK_NORETRY; out: return ret; } static enum d_walk_ret select_collect2(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct select_data *data = _data; enum d_walk_ret ret = D_WALK_CONTINUE; if (data->start == dentry) goto out; if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_SHRINK_LIST) { if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) { rcu_read_lock(); data->victim = dentry; return D_WALK_QUIT; } } else { if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) d_lru_del(dentry); if (!dentry->d_lockref.count) d_shrink_add(dentry, &data->dispose); } /* * We can return to the caller if we have found some (this * ensures forward progress). We'll be coming back to find * the rest. */ if (!list_empty(&data->dispose)) ret = need_resched() ? D_WALK_QUIT : D_WALK_NORETRY; out: return ret; } /** * shrink_dcache_parent - prune dcache * @parent: parent of entries to prune * * Prune the dcache to remove unused children of the parent dentry. */ void shrink_dcache_parent(struct dentry *parent) { for (;;) { struct select_data data = {.start = parent}; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&data.dispose); d_walk(parent, &data, select_collect); if (!list_empty(&data.dispose)) { shrink_dentry_list(&data.dispose); continue; } cond_resched(); if (!data.found) break; data.victim = NULL; d_walk(parent, &data, select_collect2); if (data.victim) { struct dentry *parent; spin_lock(&data.victim->d_lock); if (!shrink_lock_dentry(data.victim)) { spin_unlock(&data.victim->d_lock); rcu_read_unlock(); } else { rcu_read_unlock(); parent = data.victim->d_parent; if (parent != data.victim) __dput_to_list(parent, &data.dispose); __dentry_kill(data.victim); } } if (!list_empty(&data.dispose)) shrink_dentry_list(&data.dispose); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(shrink_dcache_parent); static enum d_walk_ret umount_check(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry) { /* it has busy descendents; complain about those instead */ if (!list_empty(&dentry->d_subdirs)) return D_WALK_CONTINUE; /* root with refcount 1 is fine */ if (dentry == _data && dentry->d_lockref.count == 1) return D_WALK_CONTINUE; printk(KERN_ERR "BUG: Dentry %p{i=%lx,n=%pd} " " still in use (%d) [unmount of %s %s]\n", dentry, dentry->d_inode ? dentry->d_inode->i_ino : 0UL, dentry, dentry->d_lockref.count, dentry->d_sb->s_type->name, dentry->d_sb->s_id); WARN_ON(1); return D_WALK_CONTINUE; } static void do_one_tree(struct dentry *dentry) { shrink_dcache_parent(dentry); d_walk(dentry, dentry, umount_check); d_drop(dentry); dput(dentry); } /* * destroy the dentries attached to a superblock on unmounting */ void shrink_dcache_for_umount(struct super_block *sb) { struct dentry *dentry; WARN(down_read_trylock(&sb->s_umount), "s_umount should've been locked"); dentry = sb->s_root; sb->s_root = NULL; do_one_tree(dentry); while (!hlist_bl_empty(&sb->s_roots)) { dentry = dget(hlist_bl_entry(hlist_bl_first(&sb->s_roots), struct dentry, d_hash)); do_one_tree(dentry); } } static enum d_walk_ret find_submount(void *_data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry **victim = _data; if (d_mountpoint(dentry)) { __dget_dlock(dentry); *victim = dentry; return D_WALK_QUIT; } return D_WALK_CONTINUE; } /** * d_invalidate - detach submounts, prune dcache, and drop * @dentry: dentry to invalidate (aka detach, prune and drop) */ void d_invalidate(struct dentry *dentry) { bool had_submounts = false; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (d_unhashed(dentry)) { spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return; } __d_drop(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); /* Negative dentries can be dropped without further checks */ if (!dentry->d_inode) return; shrink_dcache_parent(dentry); for (;;) { struct dentry *victim = NULL; d_walk(dentry, &victim, find_submount); if (!victim) { if (had_submounts) shrink_dcache_parent(dentry); return; } had_submounts = true; detach_mounts(victim); dput(victim); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_invalidate); /** * __d_alloc - allocate a dcache entry * @sb: filesystem it will belong to * @name: qstr of the name * * Allocates a dentry. It returns %NULL if there is insufficient memory * available. On a success the dentry is returned. The name passed in is * copied and the copy passed in may be reused after this call. */ static struct dentry *__d_alloc(struct super_block *sb, const struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *dentry; char *dname; int err; dentry = kmem_cache_alloc(dentry_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!dentry) return NULL; /* * We guarantee that the inline name is always NUL-terminated. * This way the memcpy() done by the name switching in rename * will still always have a NUL at the end, even if we might * be overwriting an internal NUL character */ dentry->d_iname[DNAME_INLINE_LEN-1] = 0; if (unlikely(!name)) { name = &slash_name; dname = dentry->d_iname; } else if (name->len > DNAME_INLINE_LEN-1) { size_t size = offsetof(struct external_name, name[1]); struct external_name *p = kmalloc(size + name->len, GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT | __GFP_RECLAIMABLE); if (!p) { kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry); return NULL; } atomic_set(&p->u.count, 1); dname = p->name; } else { dname = dentry->d_iname; } dentry->d_name.len = name->len; dentry->d_name.hash = name->hash; memcpy(dname, name->name, name->len); dname[name->len] = 0; /* Make sure we always see the terminating NUL character */ smp_store_release(&dentry->d_name.name, dname); /* ^^^ */ dentry->d_lockref.count = 1; dentry->d_flags = 0; spin_lock_init(&dentry->d_lock); seqcount_spinlock_init(&dentry->d_seq, &dentry->d_lock); dentry->d_inode = NULL; dentry->d_parent = dentry; dentry->d_sb = sb; dentry->d_op = NULL; dentry->d_fsdata = NULL; INIT_HLIST_BL_NODE(&dentry->d_hash); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_lru); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_subdirs); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&dentry->d_u.d_alias); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_child); d_set_d_op(dentry, dentry->d_sb->s_d_op); if (dentry->d_op && dentry->d_op->d_init) { err = dentry->d_op->d_init(dentry); if (err) { if (dname_external(dentry)) kfree(external_name(dentry)); kmem_cache_free(dentry_cache, dentry); return NULL; } } this_cpu_inc(nr_dentry); return dentry; } /** * d_alloc - allocate a dcache entry * @parent: parent of entry to allocate * @name: qstr of the name * * Allocates a dentry. It returns %NULL if there is insufficient memory * available. On a success the dentry is returned. The name passed in is * copied and the copy passed in may be reused after this call. */ struct dentry *d_alloc(struct dentry * parent, const struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *dentry = __d_alloc(parent->d_sb, name); if (!dentry) return NULL; spin_lock(&parent->d_lock); /* * don't need child lock because it is not subject * to concurrency here */ __dget_dlock(parent); dentry->d_parent = parent; list_add(&dentry->d_child, &parent->d_subdirs); spin_unlock(&parent->d_lock); return dentry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc); struct dentry *d_alloc_anon(struct super_block *sb) { return __d_alloc(sb, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc_anon); struct dentry *d_alloc_cursor(struct dentry * parent) { struct dentry *dentry = d_alloc_anon(parent->d_sb); if (dentry) { dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_DENTRY_CURSOR; dentry->d_parent = dget(parent); } return dentry; } /** * d_alloc_pseudo - allocate a dentry (for lookup-less filesystems) * @sb: the superblock * @name: qstr of the name * * For a filesystem that just pins its dentries in memory and never * performs lookups at all, return an unhashed IS_ROOT dentry. * This is used for pipes, sockets et.al. - the stuff that should * never be anyone's children or parents. Unlike all other * dentries, these will not have RCU delay between dropping the * last reference and freeing them. * * The only user is alloc_file_pseudo() and that's what should * be considered a public interface. Don't use directly. */ struct dentry *d_alloc_pseudo(struct super_block *sb, const struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *dentry = __d_alloc(sb, name); if (likely(dentry)) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_NORCU; return dentry; } struct dentry *d_alloc_name(struct dentry *parent, const char *name) { struct qstr q; q.name = name; q.hash_len = hashlen_string(parent, name); return d_alloc(parent, &q); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc_name); void d_set_d_op(struct dentry *dentry, const struct dentry_operations *op) { WARN_ON_ONCE(dentry->d_op); WARN_ON_ONCE(dentry->d_flags & (DCACHE_OP_HASH | DCACHE_OP_COMPARE | DCACHE_OP_REVALIDATE | DCACHE_OP_WEAK_REVALIDATE | DCACHE_OP_DELETE | DCACHE_OP_REAL)); dentry->d_op = op; if (!op) return; if (op->d_hash) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_HASH; if (op->d_compare) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_COMPARE; if (op->d_revalidate) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_REVALIDATE; if (op->d_weak_revalidate) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_WEAK_REVALIDATE; if (op->d_delete) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_DELETE; if (op->d_prune) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_PRUNE; if (op->d_real) dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_OP_REAL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_set_d_op); /* * d_set_fallthru - Mark a dentry as falling through to a lower layer * @dentry - The dentry to mark * * Mark a dentry as falling through to the lower layer (as set with * d_pin_lower()). This flag may be recorded on the medium. */ void d_set_fallthru(struct dentry *dentry) { spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_FALLTHRU; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_set_fallthru); static unsigned d_flags_for_inode(struct inode *inode) { unsigned add_flags = DCACHE_REGULAR_TYPE; if (!inode) return DCACHE_MISS_TYPE; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { add_flags = DCACHE_DIRECTORY_TYPE; if (unlikely(!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_LOOKUP))) { if (unlikely(!inode->i_op->lookup)) add_flags = DCACHE_AUTODIR_TYPE; else inode->i_opflags |= IOP_LOOKUP; } goto type_determined; } if (unlikely(!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_NOFOLLOW))) { if (unlikely(inode->i_op->get_link)) { add_flags = DCACHE_SYMLINK_TYPE; goto type_determined; } inode->i_opflags |= IOP_NOFOLLOW; } if (unlikely(!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))) add_flags = DCACHE_SPECIAL_TYPE; type_determined: if (unlikely(IS_AUTOMOUNT(inode))) add_flags |= DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT; return add_flags; } static void __d_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { unsigned add_flags = d_flags_for_inode(inode); WARN_ON(d_in_lookup(dentry)); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); /* * Decrement negative dentry count if it was in the LRU list. */ if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_LRU_LIST) this_cpu_dec(nr_dentry_negative); hlist_add_head(&dentry->d_u.d_alias, &inode->i_dentry); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); __d_set_inode_and_type(dentry, inode, add_flags); raw_write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq); fsnotify_update_flags(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /** * d_instantiate - fill in inode information for a dentry * @entry: dentry to complete * @inode: inode to attach to this dentry * * Fill in inode information in the entry. * * This turns negative dentries into productive full members * of society. * * NOTE! This assumes that the inode count has been incremented * (or otherwise set) by the caller to indicate that it is now * in use by the dcache. */ void d_instantiate(struct dentry *entry, struct inode * inode) { BUG_ON(!hlist_unhashed(&entry->d_u.d_alias)); if (inode) { security_d_instantiate(entry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); __d_instantiate(entry, inode); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_instantiate); /* * This should be equivalent to d_instantiate() + unlock_new_inode(), * with lockdep-related part of unlock_new_inode() done before * anything else. Use that instead of open-coding d_instantiate()/ * unlock_new_inode() combinations. */ void d_instantiate_new(struct dentry *entry, struct inode *inode) { BUG_ON(!hlist_unhashed(&entry->d_u.d_alias)); BUG_ON(!inode); lockdep_annotate_inode_mutex_key(inode); security_d_instantiate(entry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); __d_instantiate(entry, inode); WARN_ON(!(inode->i_state & I_NEW)); inode->i_state &= ~I_NEW & ~I_CREATING; smp_mb(); wake_up_bit(&inode->i_state, __I_NEW); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_instantiate_new); struct dentry *d_make_root(struct inode *root_inode) { struct dentry *res = NULL; if (root_inode) { res = d_alloc_anon(root_inode->i_sb); if (res) d_instantiate(res, root_inode); else iput(root_inode); } return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_make_root); static struct dentry *__d_instantiate_anon(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, bool disconnected) { struct dentry *res; unsigned add_flags; security_d_instantiate(dentry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); res = __d_find_any_alias(inode); if (res) { spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); dput(dentry); goto out_iput; } /* attach a disconnected dentry */ add_flags = d_flags_for_inode(inode); if (disconnected) add_flags |= DCACHE_DISCONNECTED; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); __d_set_inode_and_type(dentry, inode, add_flags); hlist_add_head(&dentry->d_u.d_alias, &inode->i_dentry); if (!disconnected) { hlist_bl_lock(&dentry->d_sb->s_roots); hlist_bl_add_head(&dentry->d_hash, &dentry->d_sb->s_roots); hlist_bl_unlock(&dentry->d_sb->s_roots); } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return dentry; out_iput: iput(inode); return res; } struct dentry *d_instantiate_anon(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { return __d_instantiate_anon(dentry, inode, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_instantiate_anon); static struct dentry *__d_obtain_alias(struct inode *inode, bool disconnected) { struct dentry *tmp; struct dentry *res; if (!inode) return ERR_PTR(-ESTALE); if (IS_ERR(inode)) return ERR_CAST(inode); res = d_find_any_alias(inode); if (res) goto out_iput; tmp = d_alloc_anon(inode->i_sb); if (!tmp) { res = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); goto out_iput; } return __d_instantiate_anon(tmp, inode, disconnected); out_iput: iput(inode); return res; } /** * d_obtain_alias - find or allocate a DISCONNECTED dentry for a given inode * @inode: inode to allocate the dentry for * * Obtain a dentry for an inode resulting from NFS filehandle conversion or * similar open by handle operations. The returned dentry may be anonymous, * or may have a full name (if the inode was already in the cache). * * When called on a directory inode, we must ensure that the inode only ever * has one dentry. If a dentry is found, that is returned instead of * allocating a new one. * * On successful return, the reference to the inode has been transferred * to the dentry. In case of an error the reference on the inode is released. * To make it easier to use in export operations a %NULL or IS_ERR inode may * be passed in and the error will be propagated to the return value, * with a %NULL @inode replaced by ERR_PTR(-ESTALE). */ struct dentry *d_obtain_alias(struct inode *inode) { return __d_obtain_alias(inode, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_obtain_alias); /** * d_obtain_root - find or allocate a dentry for a given inode * @inode: inode to allocate the dentry for * * Obtain an IS_ROOT dentry for the root of a filesystem. * * We must ensure that directory inodes only ever have one dentry. If a * dentry is found, that is returned instead of allocating a new one. * * On successful return, the reference to the inode has been transferred * to the dentry. In case of an error the reference on the inode is * released. A %NULL or IS_ERR inode may be passed in and will be the * error will be propagate to the return value, with a %NULL @inode * replaced by ERR_PTR(-ESTALE). */ struct dentry *d_obtain_root(struct inode *inode) { return __d_obtain_alias(inode, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_obtain_root); /** * d_add_ci - lookup or allocate new dentry with case-exact name * @inode: the inode case-insensitive lookup has found * @dentry: the negative dentry that was passed to the parent's lookup func * @name: the case-exact name to be associated with the returned dentry * * This is to avoid filling the dcache with case-insensitive names to the * same inode, only the actual correct case is stored in the dcache for * case-insensitive filesystems. * * For a case-insensitive lookup match and if the the case-exact dentry * already exists in in the dcache, use it and return it. * * If no entry exists with the exact case name, allocate new dentry with * the exact case, and return the spliced entry. */ struct dentry *d_add_ci(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *found, *res; /* * First check if a dentry matching the name already exists, * if not go ahead and create it now. */ found = d_hash_and_lookup(dentry->d_parent, name); if (found) { iput(inode); return found; } if (d_in_lookup(dentry)) { found = d_alloc_parallel(dentry->d_parent, name, dentry->d_wait); if (IS_ERR(found) || !d_in_lookup(found)) { iput(inode); return found; } } else { found = d_alloc(dentry->d_parent, name); if (!found) { iput(inode); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } } res = d_splice_alias(inode, found); if (res) { dput(found); return res; } return found; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_add_ci); static inline bool d_same_name(const struct dentry *dentry, const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name) { if (likely(!(parent->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_COMPARE))) { if (dentry->d_name.len != name->len) return false; return dentry_cmp(dentry, name->name, name->len) == 0; } return parent->d_op->d_compare(dentry, dentry->d_name.len, dentry->d_name.name, name) == 0; } /** * __d_lookup_rcu - search for a dentry (racy, store-free) * @parent: parent dentry * @name: qstr of name we wish to find * @seqp: returns d_seq value at the point where the dentry was found * Returns: dentry, or NULL * * __d_lookup_rcu is the dcache lookup function for rcu-walk name * resolution (store-free path walking) design described in * Documentation/filesystems/path-lookup.txt. * * This is not to be used outside core vfs. * * __d_lookup_rcu must only be used in rcu-walk mode, ie. with vfsmount lock * held, and rcu_read_lock held. The returned dentry must not be stored into * without taking d_lock and checking d_seq sequence count against @seq * returned here. * * A refcount may be taken on the found dentry with the d_rcu_to_refcount * function. * * Alternatively, __d_lookup_rcu may be called again to look up the child of * the returned dentry, so long as its parent's seqlock is checked after the * child is looked up. Thus, an interlocking stepping of sequence lock checks * is formed, giving integrity down the path walk. * * NOTE! The caller *has* to check the resulting dentry against the sequence * number we've returned before using any of the resulting dentry state! */ struct dentry *__d_lookup_rcu(const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name, unsigned *seqp) { u64 hashlen = name->hash_len; const unsigned char *str = name->name; struct hlist_bl_head *b = d_hash(hashlen_hash(hashlen)); struct hlist_bl_node *node; struct dentry *dentry; /* * Note: There is significant duplication with __d_lookup_rcu which is * required to prevent single threaded performance regressions * especially on architectures where smp_rmb (in seqcounts) are costly. * Keep the two functions in sync. */ /* * The hash list is protected using RCU. * * Carefully use d_seq when comparing a candidate dentry, to avoid * races with d_move(). * * It is possible that concurrent renames can mess up our list * walk here and result in missing our dentry, resulting in the * false-negative result. d_lookup() protects against concurrent * renames using rename_lock seqlock. * * See Documentation/filesystems/path-lookup.txt for more details. */ hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu(dentry, node, b, d_hash) { unsigned seq; seqretry: /* * The dentry sequence count protects us from concurrent * renames, and thus protects parent and name fields. * * The caller must perform a seqcount check in order * to do anything useful with the returned dentry. * * NOTE! We do a "raw" seqcount_begin here. That means that * we don't wait for the sequence count to stabilize if it * is in the middle of a sequence change. If we do the slow * dentry compare, we will do seqretries until it is stable, * and if we end up with a successful lookup, we actually * want to exit RCU lookup anyway. * * Note that raw_seqcount_begin still *does* smp_rmb(), so * we are still guaranteed NUL-termination of ->d_name.name. */ seq = raw_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); if (dentry->d_parent != parent) continue; if (d_unhashed(dentry)) continue; if (unlikely(parent->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_COMPARE)) { int tlen; const char *tname; if (dentry->d_name.hash != hashlen_hash(hashlen)) continue; tlen = dentry->d_name.len; tname = dentry->d_name.name; /* we want a consistent (name,len) pair */ if (read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, seq)) { cpu_relax(); goto seqretry; } if (parent->d_op->d_compare(dentry, tlen, tname, name) != 0) continue; } else { if (dentry->d_name.hash_len != hashlen) continue; if (dentry_cmp(dentry, str, hashlen_len(hashlen)) != 0) continue; } *seqp = seq; return dentry; } return NULL; } /** * d_lookup - search for a dentry * @parent: parent dentry * @name: qstr of name we wish to find * Returns: dentry, or NULL * * d_lookup searches the children of the parent dentry for the name in * question. If the dentry is found its reference count is incremented and the * dentry is returned. The caller must use dput to free the entry when it has * finished using it. %NULL is returned if the dentry does not exist. */ struct dentry *d_lookup(const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name) { struct dentry *dentry; unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqbegin(&rename_lock); dentry = __d_lookup(parent, name); if (dentry) break; } while (read_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)); return dentry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_lookup); /** * __d_lookup - search for a dentry (racy) * @parent: parent dentry * @name: qstr of name we wish to find * Returns: dentry, or NULL * * __d_lookup is like d_lookup, however it may (rarely) return a * false-negative result due to unrelated rename activity. * * __d_lookup is slightly faster by avoiding rename_lock read seqlock, * however it must be used carefully, eg. with a following d_lookup in * the case of failure. * * __d_lookup callers must be commented. */ struct dentry *__d_lookup(const struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name) { unsigned int hash = name->hash; struct hlist_bl_head *b = d_hash(hash); struct hlist_bl_node *node; struct dentry *found = NULL; struct dentry *dentry; /* * Note: There is significant duplication with __d_lookup_rcu which is * required to prevent single threaded performance regressions * especially on architectures where smp_rmb (in seqcounts) are costly. * Keep the two functions in sync. */ /* * The hash list is protected using RCU. * * Take d_lock when comparing a candidate dentry, to avoid races * with d_move(). * * It is possible that concurrent renames can mess up our list * walk here and result in missing our dentry, resulting in the * false-negative result. d_lookup() protects against concurrent * renames using rename_lock seqlock. * * See Documentation/filesystems/path-lookup.txt for more details. */ rcu_read_lock(); hlist_bl_for_each_entry_rcu(dentry, node, b, d_hash) { if (dentry->d_name.hash != hash) continue; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (dentry->d_parent != parent) goto next; if (d_unhashed(dentry)) goto next; if (!d_same_name(dentry, parent, name)) goto next; dentry->d_lockref.count++; found = dentry; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); break; next: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } rcu_read_unlock(); return found; } /** * d_hash_and_lookup - hash the qstr then search for a dentry * @dir: Directory to search in * @name: qstr of name we wish to find * * On lookup failure NULL is returned; on bad name - ERR_PTR(-error) */ struct dentry *d_hash_and_lookup(struct dentry *dir, struct qstr *name) { /* * Check for a fs-specific hash function. Note that we must * calculate the standard hash first, as the d_op->d_hash() * routine may choose to leave the hash value unchanged. */ name->hash = full_name_hash(dir, name->name, name->len); if (dir->d_flags & DCACHE_OP_HASH) { int err = dir->d_op->d_hash(dir, name); if (unlikely(err < 0)) return ERR_PTR(err); } return d_lookup(dir, name); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_hash_and_lookup); /* * When a file is deleted, we have two options: * - turn this dentry into a negative dentry * - unhash this dentry and free it. * * Usually, we want to just turn this into * a negative dentry, but if anybody else is * currently using the dentry or the inode * we can't do that and we fall back on removing * it from the hash queues and waiting for * it to be deleted later when it has no users */ /** * d_delete - delete a dentry * @dentry: The dentry to delete * * Turn the dentry into a negative dentry if possible, otherwise * remove it from the hash queues so it can be deleted later */ void d_delete(struct dentry * dentry) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); /* * Are we the only user? */ if (dentry->d_lockref.count == 1) { dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_CANT_MOUNT; dentry_unlink_inode(dentry); } else { __d_drop(dentry); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_delete); static void __d_rehash(struct dentry *entry) { struct hlist_bl_head *b = d_hash(entry->d_name.hash); hlist_bl_lock(b); hlist_bl_add_head_rcu(&entry->d_hash, b); hlist_bl_unlock(b); } /** * d_rehash - add an entry back to the hash * @entry: dentry to add to the hash * * Adds a dentry to the hash according to its name. */ void d_rehash(struct dentry * entry) { spin_lock(&entry->d_lock); __d_rehash(entry); spin_unlock(&entry->d_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_rehash); static inline unsigned start_dir_add(struct inode *dir) { for (;;) { unsigned n = dir->i_dir_seq; if (!(n & 1) && cmpxchg(&dir->i_dir_seq, n, n + 1) == n) return n; cpu_relax(); } } static inline void end_dir_add(struct inode *dir, unsigned n) { smp_store_release(&dir->i_dir_seq, n + 2); } static void d_wait_lookup(struct dentry *dentry) { if (d_in_lookup(dentry)) { DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current); add_wait_queue(dentry->d_wait, &wait); do { set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); schedule(); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); } while (d_in_lookup(dentry)); } } struct dentry *d_alloc_parallel(struct dentry *parent, const struct qstr *name, wait_queue_head_t *wq) { unsigned int hash = name->hash; struct hlist_bl_head *b = in_lookup_hash(parent, hash); struct hlist_bl_node *node; struct dentry *new = d_alloc(parent, name); struct dentry *dentry; unsigned seq, r_seq, d_seq; if (unlikely(!new)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); retry: rcu_read_lock(); seq = smp_load_acquire(&parent->d_inode->i_dir_seq); r_seq = read_seqbegin(&rename_lock); dentry = __d_lookup_rcu(parent, name, &d_seq); if (unlikely(dentry)) { if (!lockref_get_not_dead(&dentry->d_lockref)) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } if (read_seqcount_retry(&dentry->d_seq, d_seq)) { rcu_read_unlock(); dput(dentry); goto retry; } rcu_read_unlock(); dput(new); return dentry; } if (unlikely(read_seqretry(&rename_lock, r_seq))) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } if (unlikely(seq & 1)) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } hlist_bl_lock(b); if (unlikely(READ_ONCE(parent->d_inode->i_dir_seq) != seq)) { hlist_bl_unlock(b); rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } /* * No changes for the parent since the beginning of d_lookup(). * Since all removals from the chain happen with hlist_bl_lock(), * any potential in-lookup matches are going to stay here until * we unlock the chain. All fields are stable in everything * we encounter. */ hlist_bl_for_each_entry(dentry, node, b, d_u.d_in_lookup_hash) { if (dentry->d_name.hash != hash) continue; if (dentry->d_parent != parent) continue; if (!d_same_name(dentry, parent, name)) continue; hlist_bl_unlock(b); /* now we can try to grab a reference */ if (!lockref_get_not_dead(&dentry->d_lockref)) { rcu_read_unlock(); goto retry; } rcu_read_unlock(); /* * somebody is likely to be still doing lookup for it; * wait for them to finish */ spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); d_wait_lookup(dentry); /* * it's not in-lookup anymore; in principle we should repeat * everything from dcache lookup, but it's likely to be what * d_lookup() would've found anyway. If it is, just return it; * otherwise we really have to repeat the whole thing. */ if (unlikely(dentry->d_name.hash != hash)) goto mismatch; if (unlikely(dentry->d_parent != parent)) goto mismatch; if (unlikely(d_unhashed(dentry))) goto mismatch; if (unlikely(!d_same_name(dentry, parent, name))) goto mismatch; /* OK, it *is* a hashed match; return it */ spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); dput(new); return dentry; } rcu_read_unlock(); /* we can't take ->d_lock here; it's OK, though. */ new->d_flags |= DCACHE_PAR_LOOKUP; new->d_wait = wq; hlist_bl_add_head_rcu(&new->d_u.d_in_lookup_hash, b); hlist_bl_unlock(b); return new; mismatch: spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); dput(dentry); goto retry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_alloc_parallel); void __d_lookup_done(struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_bl_head *b = in_lookup_hash(dentry->d_parent, dentry->d_name.hash); hlist_bl_lock(b); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_PAR_LOOKUP; __hlist_bl_del(&dentry->d_u.d_in_lookup_hash); wake_up_all(dentry->d_wait); dentry->d_wait = NULL; hlist_bl_unlock(b); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&dentry->d_u.d_alias); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dentry->d_lru); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__d_lookup_done); /* inode->i_lock held if inode is non-NULL */ static inline void __d_add(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { struct inode *dir = NULL; unsigned n; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (unlikely(d_in_lookup(dentry))) { dir = dentry->d_parent->d_inode; n = start_dir_add(dir); __d_lookup_done(dentry); } if (inode) { unsigned add_flags = d_flags_for_inode(inode); hlist_add_head(&dentry->d_u.d_alias, &inode->i_dentry); raw_write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); __d_set_inode_and_type(dentry, inode, add_flags); raw_write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq); fsnotify_update_flags(dentry); } __d_rehash(dentry); if (dir) end_dir_add(dir, n); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); if (inode) spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); } /** * d_add - add dentry to hash queues * @entry: dentry to add * @inode: The inode to attach to this dentry * * This adds the entry to the hash queues and initializes @inode. * The entry was actually filled in earlier during d_alloc(). */ void d_add(struct dentry *entry, struct inode *inode) { if (inode) { security_d_instantiate(entry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); } __d_add(entry, inode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_add); /** * d_exact_alias - find and hash an exact unhashed alias * @entry: dentry to add * @inode: The inode to go with this dentry * * If an unhashed dentry with the same name/parent and desired * inode already exists, hash and return it. Otherwise, return * NULL. * * Parent directory should be locked. */ struct dentry *d_exact_alias(struct dentry *entry, struct inode *inode) { struct dentry *alias; unsigned int hash = entry->d_name.hash; spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); hlist_for_each_entry(alias, &inode->i_dentry, d_u.d_alias) { /* * Don't need alias->d_lock here, because aliases with * d_parent == entry->d_parent are not subject to name or * parent changes, because the parent inode i_mutex is held. */ if (alias->d_name.hash != hash) continue; if (alias->d_parent != entry->d_parent) continue; if (!d_same_name(alias, entry->d_parent, &entry->d_name)) continue; spin_lock(&alias->d_lock); if (!d_unhashed(alias)) { spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); alias = NULL; } else { __dget_dlock(alias); __d_rehash(alias); spin_unlock(&alias->d_lock); } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return alias; } spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_exact_alias); static void swap_names(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target) { if (unlikely(dname_external(target))) { if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) { /* * Both external: swap the pointers */ swap(target->d_name.name, dentry->d_name.name); } else { /* * dentry:internal, target:external. Steal target's * storage and make target internal. */ memcpy(target->d_iname, dentry->d_name.name, dentry->d_name.len + 1); dentry->d_name.name = target->d_name.name; target->d_name.name = target->d_iname; } } else { if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) { /* * dentry:external, target:internal. Give dentry's * storage to target and make dentry internal */ memcpy(dentry->d_iname, target->d_name.name, target->d_name.len + 1); target->d_name.name = dentry->d_name.name; dentry->d_name.name = dentry->d_iname; } else { /* * Both are internal. */ unsigned int i; BUILD_BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(DNAME_INLINE_LEN, sizeof(long))); for (i = 0; i < DNAME_INLINE_LEN / sizeof(long); i++) { swap(((long *) &dentry->d_iname)[i], ((long *) &target->d_iname)[i]); } } } swap(dentry->d_name.hash_len, target->d_name.hash_len); } static void copy_name(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target) { struct external_name *old_name = NULL; if (unlikely(dname_external(dentry))) old_name = external_name(dentry); if (unlikely(dname_external(target))) { atomic_inc(&external_name(target)->u.count); dentry->d_name = target->d_name; } else { memcpy(dentry->d_iname, target->d_name.name, target->d_name.len + 1); dentry->d_name.name = dentry->d_iname; dentry->d_name.hash_len = target->d_name.hash_len; } if (old_name && likely(atomic_dec_and_test(&old_name->u.count))) kfree_rcu(old_name, u.head); } /* * __d_move - move a dentry * @dentry: entry to move * @target: new dentry * @exchange: exchange the two dentries * * Update the dcache to reflect the move of a file name. Negative * dcache entries should not be moved in this way. Caller must hold * rename_lock, the i_mutex of the source and target directories, * and the sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex if they differ. See lock_rename(). */ static void __d_move(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target, bool exchange) { struct dentry *old_parent, *p; struct inode *dir = NULL; unsigned n; WARN_ON(!dentry->d_inode); if (WARN_ON(dentry == target)) return; BUG_ON(d_ancestor(target, dentry)); old_parent = dentry->d_parent; p = d_ancestor(old_parent, target); if (IS_ROOT(dentry)) { BUG_ON(p); spin_lock(&target->d_parent->d_lock); } else if (!p) { /* target is not a descendent of dentry->d_parent */ spin_lock(&target->d_parent->d_lock); spin_lock_nested(&old_parent->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); } else { BUG_ON(p == dentry); spin_lock(&old_parent->d_lock); if (p != target) spin_lock_nested(&target->d_parent->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); } spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, 2); spin_lock_nested(&target->d_lock, 3); if (unlikely(d_in_lookup(target))) { dir = target->d_parent->d_inode; n = start_dir_add(dir); __d_lookup_done(target); } write_seqcount_begin(&dentry->d_seq); write_seqcount_begin_nested(&target->d_seq, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); /* unhash both */ if (!d_unhashed(dentry)) ___d_drop(dentry); if (!d_unhashed(target)) ___d_drop(target); /* ... and switch them in the tree */ dentry->d_parent = target->d_parent; if (!exchange) { copy_name(dentry, target); target->d_hash.pprev = NULL; dentry->d_parent->d_lockref.count++; if (dentry != old_parent) /* wasn't IS_ROOT */ WARN_ON(!--old_parent->d_lockref.count); } else { target->d_parent = old_parent; swap_names(dentry, target); list_move(&target->d_child, &target->d_parent->d_subdirs); __d_rehash(target); fsnotify_update_flags(target); } list_move(&dentry->d_child, &dentry->d_parent->d_subdirs); __d_rehash(dentry); fsnotify_update_flags(dentry); fscrypt_handle_d_move(dentry); write_seqcount_end(&target->d_seq); write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq); if (dir) end_dir_add(dir, n); if (dentry->d_parent != old_parent) spin_unlock(&dentry->d_parent->d_lock); if (dentry != old_parent) spin_unlock(&old_parent->d_lock); spin_unlock(&target->d_lock); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); } /* * d_move - move a dentry * @dentry: entry to move * @target: new dentry * * Update the dcache to reflect the move of a file name. Negative * dcache entries should not be moved in this way. See the locking * requirements for __d_move. */ void d_move(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target) { write_seqlock(&rename_lock); __d_move(dentry, target, false); write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_move); /* * d_exchange - exchange two dentries * @dentry1: first dentry * @dentry2: second dentry */ void d_exchange(struct dentry *dentry1, struct dentry *dentry2) { write_seqlock(&rename_lock); WARN_ON(!dentry1->d_inode); WARN_ON(!dentry2->d_inode); WARN_ON(IS_ROOT(dentry1)); WARN_ON(IS_ROOT(dentry2)); __d_move(dentry1, dentry2, true); write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); } /** * d_ancestor - search for an ancestor * @p1: ancestor dentry * @p2: child dentry * * Returns the ancestor dentry of p2 which is a child of p1, if p1 is * an ancestor of p2, else NULL. */ struct dentry *d_ancestor(struct dentry *p1, struct dentry *p2) { struct dentry *p; for (p = p2; !IS_ROOT(p); p = p->d_parent) { if (p->d_parent == p1) return p; } return NULL; } /* * This helper attempts to cope with remotely renamed directories * * It assumes that the caller is already holding * dentry->d_parent->d_inode->i_mutex, and rename_lock * * Note: If ever the locking in lock_rename() changes, then please * remember to update this too... */ static int __d_unalias(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *alias) { struct mutex *m1 = NULL; struct rw_semaphore *m2 = NULL; int ret = -ESTALE; /* If alias and dentry share a parent, then no extra locks required */ if (alias->d_parent == dentry->d_parent) goto out_unalias; /* See lock_rename() */ if (!mutex_trylock(&dentry->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex)) goto out_err; m1 = &dentry->d_sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex; if (!inode_trylock_shared(alias->d_parent->d_inode)) goto out_err; m2 = &alias->d_parent->d_inode->i_rwsem; out_unalias: __d_move(alias, dentry, false); ret = 0; out_err: if (m2) up_read(m2); if (m1) mutex_unlock(m1); return ret; } /** * d_splice_alias - splice a disconnected dentry into the tree if one exists * @inode: the inode which may have a disconnected dentry * @dentry: a negative dentry which we want to point to the inode. * * If inode is a directory and has an IS_ROOT alias, then d_move that in * place of the given dentry and return it, else simply d_add the inode * to the dentry and return NULL. * * If a non-IS_ROOT directory is found, the filesystem is corrupt, and * we should error out: directories can't have multiple aliases. * * This is needed in the lookup routine of any filesystem that is exportable * (via knfsd) so that we can build dcache paths to directories effectively. * * If a dentry was found and moved, then it is returned. Otherwise NULL * is returned. This matches the expected return value of ->lookup. * * Cluster filesystems may call this function with a negative, hashed dentry. * In that case, we know that the inode will be a regular file, and also this * will only occur during atomic_open. So we need to check for the dentry * being already hashed only in the final case. */ struct dentry *d_splice_alias(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { if (IS_ERR(inode)) return ERR_CAST(inode); BUG_ON(!d_unhashed(dentry)); if (!inode) goto out; security_d_instantiate(dentry, inode); spin_lock(&inode->i_lock); if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { struct dentry *new = __d_find_any_alias(inode); if (unlikely(new)) { /* The reference to new ensures it remains an alias */ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock); write_seqlock(&rename_lock); if (unlikely(d_ancestor(new, dentry))) { write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); dput(new); new = ERR_PTR(-ELOOP); pr_warn_ratelimited( "VFS: Lookup of '%s' in %s %s" " would have caused loop\n", dentry->d_name.name, inode->i_sb->s_type->name, inode->i_sb->s_id); } else if (!IS_ROOT(new)) { struct dentry *old_parent = dget(new->d_parent); int err = __d_unalias(inode, dentry, new); write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); if (err) { dput(new); new = ERR_PTR(err); } dput(old_parent); } else { __d_move(new, dentry, false); write_sequnlock(&rename_lock); } iput(inode); return new; } } out: __d_add(dentry, inode); return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_splice_alias); /* * Test whether new_dentry is a subdirectory of old_dentry. * * Trivially implemented using the dcache structure */ /** * is_subdir - is new dentry a subdirectory of old_dentry * @new_dentry: new dentry * @old_dentry: old dentry * * Returns true if new_dentry is a subdirectory of the parent (at any depth). * Returns false otherwise. * Caller must ensure that "new_dentry" is pinned before calling is_subdir() */ bool is_subdir(struct dentry *new_dentry, struct dentry *old_dentry) { bool result; unsigned seq; if (new_dentry == old_dentry) return true; do { /* for restarting inner loop in case of seq retry */ seq = read_seqbegin(&rename_lock); /* * Need rcu_readlock to protect against the d_parent trashing * due to d_move */ rcu_read_lock(); if (d_ancestor(old_dentry, new_dentry)) result = true; else result = false; rcu_read_unlock(); } while (read_seqretry(&rename_lock, seq)); return result; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(is_subdir); static enum d_walk_ret d_genocide_kill(void *data, struct dentry *dentry) { struct dentry *root = data; if (dentry != root) { if (d_unhashed(dentry) || !dentry->d_inode) return D_WALK_SKIP; if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_GENOCIDE)) { dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_GENOCIDE; dentry->d_lockref.count--; } } return D_WALK_CONTINUE; } void d_genocide(struct dentry *parent) { d_walk(parent, parent, d_genocide_kill); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_genocide); void d_tmpfile(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode) { inode_dec_link_count(inode); BUG_ON(dentry->d_name.name != dentry->d_iname || !hlist_unhashed(&dentry->d_u.d_alias) || !d_unlinked(dentry)); spin_lock(&dentry->d_parent->d_lock); spin_lock_nested(&dentry->d_lock, DENTRY_D_LOCK_NESTED); dentry->d_name.len = sprintf(dentry->d_iname, "#%llu", (unsigned long long)inode->i_ino); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); spin_unlock(&dentry->d_parent->d_lock); d_instantiate(dentry, inode); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_tmpfile); static __initdata unsigned long dhash_entries; static int __init set_dhash_entries(char *str) { if (!str) return 0; dhash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0); return 1; } __setup("dhash_entries=", set_dhash_entries); static void __init dcache_init_early(void) { /* If hashes are distributed across NUMA nodes, defer * hash allocation until vmalloc space is available. */ if (hashdist) return; dentry_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Dentry cache", sizeof(struct hlist_bl_head), dhash_entries, 13, HASH_EARLY | HASH_ZERO, &d_hash_shift, NULL, 0, 0); d_hash_shift = 32 - d_hash_shift; } static void __init dcache_init(void) { /* * A constructor could be added for stable state like the lists, * but it is probably not worth it because of the cache nature * of the dcache. */ dentry_cache = KMEM_CACHE_USERCOPY(dentry, SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_MEM_SPREAD|SLAB_ACCOUNT, d_iname); /* Hash may have been set up in dcache_init_early */ if (!hashdist) return; dentry_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Dentry cache", sizeof(struct hlist_bl_head), dhash_entries, 13, HASH_ZERO, &d_hash_shift, NULL, 0, 0); d_hash_shift = 32 - d_hash_shift; } /* SLAB cache for __getname() consumers */ struct kmem_cache *names_cachep __read_mostly; EXPORT_SYMBOL(names_cachep); void __init vfs_caches_init_early(void) { int i; for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(in_lookup_hashtable); i++) INIT_HLIST_BL_HEAD(&in_lookup_hashtable[i]); dcache_init_early(); inode_init_early(); } void __init vfs_caches_init(void) { names_cachep = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("names_cache", PATH_MAX, 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, 0, PATH_MAX, NULL); dcache_init(); inode_init(); files_init(); files_maxfiles_init(); mnt_init(); bdev_cache_init(); chrdev_init(); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_TERMIOS_H #define _ASM_GENERIC_TERMIOS_H #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <uapi/asm-generic/termios.h> /* intr=^C quit=^\ erase=del kill=^U eof=^D vtime=\0 vmin=\1 sxtc=\0 start=^Q stop=^S susp=^Z eol=\0 reprint=^R discard=^U werase=^W lnext=^V eol2=\0 */ #define INIT_C_CC "\003\034\177\025\004\0\1\0\021\023\032\0\022\017\027\026\0" /* * Translate a "termio" structure into a "termios". Ugh. */ static inline int user_termio_to_kernel_termios(struct ktermios *termios, const struct termio __user *termio) { unsigned short tmp; if (get_user(tmp, &termio->c_iflag) < 0) goto fault; termios->c_iflag = (0xffff0000 & termios->c_iflag) | tmp; if (get_user(tmp, &termio->c_oflag) < 0) goto fault; termios->c_oflag = (0xffff0000 & termios->c_oflag) | tmp; if (get_user(tmp, &termio->c_cflag) < 0) goto fault; termios->c_cflag = (0xffff0000 & termios->c_cflag) | tmp; if (get_user(tmp, &termio->c_lflag) < 0) goto fault; termios->c_lflag = (0xffff0000 & termios->c_lflag) | tmp; if (get_user(termios->c_line, &termio->c_line) < 0) goto fault; if (copy_from_user(termios->c_cc, termio->c_cc, NCC) != 0) goto fault; return 0; fault: return -EFAULT; } /* * Translate a "termios" structure into a "termio". Ugh. */ static inline int kernel_termios_to_user_termio(struct termio __user *termio, struct ktermios *termios) { if (put_user(termios->c_iflag, &termio->c_iflag) < 0 || put_user(termios->c_oflag, &termio->c_oflag) < 0 || put_user(termios->c_cflag, &termio->c_cflag) < 0 || put_user(termios->c_lflag, &termio->c_lflag) < 0 || put_user(termios->c_line, &termio->c_line) < 0 || copy_to_user(termio->c_cc, termios->c_cc, NCC) != 0) return -EFAULT; return 0; } #ifdef TCGETS2 static inline int user_termios_to_kernel_termios(struct ktermios *k, struct termios2 __user *u) { return copy_from_user(k, u, sizeof(struct termios2)); } static inline int kernel_termios_to_user_termios(struct termios2 __user *u, struct ktermios *k) { return copy_to_user(u, k, sizeof(struct termios2)); } static inline int user_termios_to_kernel_termios_1(struct ktermios *k, struct termios __user *u) { return copy_from_user(k, u, sizeof(struct termios)); } static inline int kernel_termios_to_user_termios_1(struct termios __user *u, struct ktermios *k) { return copy_to_user(u, k, sizeof(struct termios)); } #else /* TCGETS2 */ static inline int user_termios_to_kernel_termios(struct ktermios *k, struct termios __user *u) { return copy_from_user(k, u, sizeof(struct termios)); } static inline int kernel_termios_to_user_termios(struct termios __user *u, struct ktermios *k) { return copy_to_user(u, k, sizeof(struct termios)); } #endif /* TCGETS2 */ #endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_TERMIOS_H */
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Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>, Novell Inc. */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) "PM: " fmt #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/suspend.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/debugfs.h> #include <linux/pm_wakeirq.h> #include <trace/events/power.h> #include "power.h" #ifndef CONFIG_SUSPEND suspend_state_t pm_suspend_target_state; #define pm_suspend_target_state (PM_SUSPEND_ON) #endif #define list_for_each_entry_rcu_locked(pos, head, member) \ list_for_each_entry_rcu(pos, head, member, \ srcu_read_lock_held(&wakeup_srcu)) /* * If set, the suspend/hibernate code will abort transitions to a sleep state * if wakeup events are registered during or immediately before the transition. */ bool events_check_enabled __read_mostly; /* First wakeup IRQ seen by the kernel in the last cycle. */ unsigned int pm_wakeup_irq __read_mostly; /* If greater than 0 and the system is suspending, terminate the suspend. */ static atomic_t pm_abort_suspend __read_mostly; /* * Combined counters of registered wakeup events and wakeup events in progress. * They need to be modified together atomically, so it's better to use one * atomic variable to hold them both. */ static atomic_t combined_event_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0); #define IN_PROGRESS_BITS (sizeof(int) * 4) #define MAX_IN_PROGRESS ((1 << IN_PROGRESS_BITS) - 1) static void split_counters(unsigned int *cnt, unsigned int *inpr) { unsigned int comb = atomic_read(&combined_event_count); *cnt = (comb >> IN_PROGRESS_BITS); *inpr = comb & MAX_IN_PROGRESS; } /* A preserved old value of the events counter. */ static unsigned int saved_count; static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(events_lock); static void pm_wakeup_timer_fn(struct timer_list *t); static LIST_HEAD(wakeup_sources); static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(wakeup_count_wait_queue); DEFINE_STATIC_SRCU(wakeup_srcu); static struct wakeup_source deleted_ws = { .name = "deleted", .lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(deleted_ws.lock), }; static DEFINE_IDA(wakeup_ida); /** * wakeup_source_create - Create a struct wakeup_source object. * @name: Name of the new wakeup source. */ struct wakeup_source *wakeup_source_create(const char *name) { struct wakeup_source *ws; const char *ws_name; int id; ws = kzalloc(sizeof(*ws), GFP_KERNEL); if (!ws) goto err_ws; ws_name = kstrdup_const(name, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ws_name) goto err_name; ws->name = ws_name; id = ida_alloc(&wakeup_ida, GFP_KERNEL); if (id < 0) goto err_id; ws->id = id; return ws; err_id: kfree_const(ws->name); err_name: kfree(ws); err_ws: return NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wakeup_source_create); /* * Record wakeup_source statistics being deleted into a dummy wakeup_source. */ static void wakeup_source_record(struct wakeup_source *ws) { unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&deleted_ws.lock, flags); if (ws->event_count) { deleted_ws.total_time = ktime_add(deleted_ws.total_time, ws->total_time); deleted_ws.prevent_sleep_time = ktime_add(deleted_ws.prevent_sleep_time, ws->prevent_sleep_time); deleted_ws.max_time = ktime_compare(deleted_ws.max_time, ws->max_time) > 0 ? deleted_ws.max_time : ws->max_time; deleted_ws.event_count += ws->event_count; deleted_ws.active_count += ws->active_count; deleted_ws.relax_count += ws->relax_count; deleted_ws.expire_count += ws->expire_count; deleted_ws.wakeup_count += ws->wakeup_count; } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&deleted_ws.lock, flags); } static void wakeup_source_free(struct wakeup_source *ws) { ida_free(&wakeup_ida, ws->id); kfree_const(ws->name); kfree(ws); } /** * wakeup_source_destroy - Destroy a struct wakeup_source object. * @ws: Wakeup source to destroy. * * Use only for wakeup source objects created with wakeup_source_create(). */ void wakeup_source_destroy(struct wakeup_source *ws) { if (!ws) return; __pm_relax(ws); wakeup_source_record(ws); wakeup_source_free(ws); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wakeup_source_destroy); /** * wakeup_source_add - Add given object to the list of wakeup sources. * @ws: Wakeup source object to add to the list. */ void wakeup_source_add(struct wakeup_source *ws) { unsigned long flags; if (WARN_ON(!ws)) return; spin_lock_init(&ws->lock); timer_setup(&ws->timer, pm_wakeup_timer_fn, 0); ws->active = false; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&events_lock, flags); list_add_rcu(&ws->entry, &wakeup_sources); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&events_lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wakeup_source_add); /** * wakeup_source_remove - Remove given object from the wakeup sources list. * @ws: Wakeup source object to remove from the list. */ void wakeup_source_remove(struct wakeup_source *ws) { unsigned long flags; if (WARN_ON(!ws)) return; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&events_lock, flags); list_del_rcu(&ws->entry); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&events_lock, flags); synchronize_srcu(&wakeup_srcu); del_timer_sync(&ws->timer); /* * Clear timer.function to make wakeup_source_not_registered() treat * this wakeup source as not registered. */ ws->timer.function = NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wakeup_source_remove); /** * wakeup_source_register - Create wakeup source and add it to the list. * @dev: Device this wakeup source is associated with (or NULL if virtual). * @name: Name of the wakeup source to register. */ struct wakeup_source *wakeup_source_register(struct device *dev, const char *name) { struct wakeup_source *ws; int ret; ws = wakeup_source_create(name); if (ws) { if (!dev || device_is_registered(dev)) { ret = wakeup_source_sysfs_add(dev, ws); if (ret) { wakeup_source_free(ws); return NULL; } } wakeup_source_add(ws); } return ws; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wakeup_source_register); /** * wakeup_source_unregister - Remove wakeup source from the list and remove it. * @ws: Wakeup source object to unregister. */ void wakeup_source_unregister(struct wakeup_source *ws) { if (ws) { wakeup_source_remove(ws); if (ws->dev) wakeup_source_sysfs_remove(ws); wakeup_source_destroy(ws); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wakeup_source_unregister); /** * wakeup_sources_read_lock - Lock wakeup source list for read. * * Returns an index of srcu lock for struct wakeup_srcu. * This index must be passed to the matching wakeup_sources_read_unlock(). */ int wakeup_sources_read_lock(void) { return srcu_read_lock(&wakeup_srcu); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wakeup_sources_read_lock); /** * wakeup_sources_read_unlock - Unlock wakeup source list. * @idx: return value from corresponding wakeup_sources_read_lock() */ void wakeup_sources_read_unlock(int idx) { srcu_read_unlock(&wakeup_srcu, idx); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wakeup_sources_read_unlock); /** * wakeup_sources_walk_start - Begin a walk on wakeup source list * * Returns first object of the list of wakeup sources. * * Note that to be safe, wakeup sources list needs to be locked by calling * wakeup_source_read_lock() for this. */ struct wakeup_source *wakeup_sources_walk_start(void) { struct list_head *ws_head = &wakeup_sources; return list_entry_rcu(ws_head->next, struct wakeup_source, entry); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wakeup_sources_walk_start); /** * wakeup_sources_walk_next - Get next wakeup source from the list * @ws: Previous wakeup source object * * Note that to be safe, wakeup sources list needs to be locked by calling * wakeup_source_read_lock() for this. */ struct wakeup_source *wakeup_sources_walk_next(struct wakeup_source *ws) { struct list_head *ws_head = &wakeup_sources; return list_next_or_null_rcu(ws_head, &ws->entry, struct wakeup_source, entry); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wakeup_sources_walk_next); /** * device_wakeup_attach - Attach a wakeup source object to a device object. * @dev: Device to handle. * @ws: Wakeup source object to attach to @dev. * * This causes @dev to be treated as a wakeup device. */ static int device_wakeup_attach(struct device *dev, struct wakeup_source *ws) { spin_lock_irq(&dev->power.lock); if (dev->power.wakeup) { spin_unlock_irq(&dev->power.lock); return -EEXIST; } dev->power.wakeup = ws; if (dev->power.wakeirq) device_wakeup_attach_irq(dev, dev->power.wakeirq); spin_unlock_irq(&dev->power.lock); return 0; } /** * device_wakeup_enable - Enable given device to be a wakeup source. * @dev: Device to handle. * * Create a wakeup source object, register it and attach it to @dev. */ int device_wakeup_enable(struct device *dev) { struct wakeup_source *ws; int ret; if (!dev || !dev->power.can_wakeup) return -EINVAL; if (pm_suspend_target_state != PM_SUSPEND_ON) dev_dbg(dev, "Suspicious %s() during system transition!\n", __func__); ws = wakeup_source_register(dev, dev_name(dev)); if (!ws) return -ENOMEM; ret = device_wakeup_attach(dev, ws); if (ret) wakeup_source_unregister(ws); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_wakeup_enable); /** * device_wakeup_attach_irq - Attach a wakeirq to a wakeup source * @dev: Device to handle * @wakeirq: Device specific wakeirq entry * * Attach a device wakeirq to the wakeup source so the device * wake IRQ can be configured automatically for suspend and * resume. * * Call under the device's power.lock lock. */ void device_wakeup_attach_irq(struct device *dev, struct wake_irq *wakeirq) { struct wakeup_source *ws; ws = dev->power.wakeup; if (!ws) return; if (ws->wakeirq) dev_err(dev, "Leftover wakeup IRQ found, overriding\n"); ws->wakeirq = wakeirq; } /** * device_wakeup_detach_irq - Detach a wakeirq from a wakeup source * @dev: Device to handle * * Removes a device wakeirq from the wakeup source. * * Call under the device's power.lock lock. */ void device_wakeup_detach_irq(struct device *dev) { struct wakeup_source *ws; ws = dev->power.wakeup; if (ws) ws->wakeirq = NULL; } /** * device_wakeup_arm_wake_irqs(void) * * Itereates over the list of device wakeirqs to arm them. */ void device_wakeup_arm_wake_irqs(void) { struct wakeup_source *ws; int srcuidx; srcuidx = srcu_read_lock(&wakeup_srcu); list_for_each_entry_rcu_locked(ws, &wakeup_sources, entry) dev_pm_arm_wake_irq(ws->wakeirq); srcu_read_unlock(&wakeup_srcu, srcuidx); } /** * device_wakeup_disarm_wake_irqs(void) * * Itereates over the list of device wakeirqs to disarm them. */ void device_wakeup_disarm_wake_irqs(void) { struct wakeup_source *ws; int srcuidx; srcuidx = srcu_read_lock(&wakeup_srcu); list_for_each_entry_rcu_locked(ws, &wakeup_sources, entry) dev_pm_disarm_wake_irq(ws->wakeirq); srcu_read_unlock(&wakeup_srcu, srcuidx); } /** * device_wakeup_detach - Detach a device's wakeup source object from it. * @dev: Device to detach the wakeup source object from. * * After it returns, @dev will not be treated as a wakeup device any more. */ static struct wakeup_source *device_wakeup_detach(struct device *dev) { struct wakeup_source *ws; spin_lock_irq(&dev->power.lock); ws = dev->power.wakeup; dev->power.wakeup = NULL; spin_unlock_irq(&dev->power.lock); return ws; } /** * device_wakeup_disable - Do not regard a device as a wakeup source any more. * @dev: Device to handle. * * Detach the @dev's wakeup source object from it, unregister this wakeup source * object and destroy it. */ int device_wakeup_disable(struct device *dev) { struct wakeup_source *ws; if (!dev || !dev->power.can_wakeup) return -EINVAL; ws = device_wakeup_detach(dev); wakeup_source_unregister(ws); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_wakeup_disable); /** * device_set_wakeup_capable - Set/reset device wakeup capability flag. * @dev: Device to handle. * @capable: Whether or not @dev is capable of waking up the system from sleep. * * If @capable is set, set the @dev's power.can_wakeup flag and add its * wakeup-related attributes to sysfs. Otherwise, unset the @dev's * power.can_wakeup flag and remove its wakeup-related attributes from sysfs. * * This function may sleep and it can't be called from any context where * sleeping is not allowed. */ void device_set_wakeup_capable(struct device *dev, bool capable) { if (!!dev->power.can_wakeup == !!capable) return; dev->power.can_wakeup = capable; if (device_is_registered(dev) && !list_empty(&dev->power.entry)) { if (capable) { int ret = wakeup_sysfs_add(dev); if (ret) dev_info(dev, "Wakeup sysfs attributes not added\n"); } else { wakeup_sysfs_remove(dev); } } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_set_wakeup_capable); /** * device_init_wakeup - Device wakeup initialization. * @dev: Device to handle. * @enable: Whether or not to enable @dev as a wakeup device. * * By default, most devices should leave wakeup disabled. The exceptions are * devices that everyone expects to be wakeup sources: keyboards, power buttons, * possibly network interfaces, etc. Also, devices that don't generate their * own wakeup requests but merely forward requests from one bus to another * (like PCI bridges) should have wakeup enabled by default. */ int device_init_wakeup(struct device *dev, bool enable) { int ret = 0; if (!dev) return -EINVAL; if (enable) { device_set_wakeup_capable(dev, true); ret = device_wakeup_enable(dev); } else { device_wakeup_disable(dev); device_set_wakeup_capable(dev, false); } return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_init_wakeup); /** * device_set_wakeup_enable - Enable or disable a device to wake up the system. * @dev: Device to handle. */ int device_set_wakeup_enable(struct device *dev, bool enable) { return enable ? device_wakeup_enable(dev) : device_wakeup_disable(dev); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_set_wakeup_enable); /** * wakeup_source_not_registered - validate the given wakeup source. * @ws: Wakeup source to be validated. */ static bool wakeup_source_not_registered(struct wakeup_source *ws) { /* * Use timer struct to check if the given source is initialized * by wakeup_source_add. */ return ws->timer.function != pm_wakeup_timer_fn; } /* * The functions below use the observation that each wakeup event starts a * period in which the system should not be suspended. The moment this period * will end depends on how the wakeup event is going to be processed after being * detected and all of the possible cases can be divided into two distinct * groups. * * First, a wakeup event may be detected by the same functional unit that will * carry out the entire processing of it and possibly will pass it to user space * for further processing. In that case the functional unit that has detected * the event may later "close" the "no suspend" period associated with it * directly as soon as it has been dealt with. The pair of pm_stay_awake() and * pm_relax(), balanced with each other, is supposed to be used in such * situations. * * Second, a wakeup event may be detected by one functional unit and processed * by another one. In that case the unit that has detected it cannot really * "close" the "no suspend" period associated with it, unless it knows in * advance what's going to happen to the event during processing. This * knowledge, however, may not be available to it, so it can simply specify time * to wait before the system can be suspended and pass it as the second * argument of pm_wakeup_event(). * * It is valid to call pm_relax() after pm_wakeup_event(), in which case the * "no suspend" period will be ended either by the pm_relax(), or by the timer * function executed when the timer expires, whichever comes first. */ /** * wakup_source_activate - Mark given wakeup source as active. * @ws: Wakeup source to handle. * * Update the @ws' statistics and, if @ws has just been activated, notify the PM * core of the event by incrementing the counter of of wakeup events being * processed. */ static void wakeup_source_activate(struct wakeup_source *ws) { unsigned int cec; if (WARN_ONCE(wakeup_source_not_registered(ws), "unregistered wakeup source\n")) return; ws->active = true; ws->active_count++; ws->last_time = ktime_get(); if (ws->autosleep_enabled) ws->start_prevent_time = ws->last_time; /* Increment the counter of events in progress. */ cec = atomic_inc_return(&combined_event_count); trace_wakeup_source_activate(ws->name, cec); } /** * wakeup_source_report_event - Report wakeup event using the given source. * @ws: Wakeup source to report the event for. * @hard: If set, abort suspends in progress and wake up from suspend-to-idle. */ static void wakeup_source_report_event(struct wakeup_source *ws, bool hard) { ws->event_count++; /* This is racy, but the counter is approximate anyway. */ if (events_check_enabled) ws->wakeup_count++; if (!ws->active) wakeup_source_activate(ws); if (hard) pm_system_wakeup(); } /** * __pm_stay_awake - Notify the PM core of a wakeup event. * @ws: Wakeup source object associated with the source of the event. * * It is safe to call this function from interrupt context. */ void __pm_stay_awake(struct wakeup_source *ws) { unsigned long flags; if (!ws) return; spin_lock_irqsave(&ws->lock, flags); wakeup_source_report_event(ws, false); del_timer(&ws->timer); ws->timer_expires = 0; spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ws->lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__pm_stay_awake); /** * pm_stay_awake - Notify the PM core that a wakeup event is being processed. * @dev: Device the wakeup event is related to. * * Notify the PM core of a wakeup event (signaled by @dev) by calling * __pm_stay_awake for the @dev's wakeup source object. * * Call this function after detecting of a wakeup event if pm_relax() is going * to be called directly after processing the event (and possibly passing it to * user space for further processing). */ void pm_stay_awake(struct device *dev) { unsigned long flags; if (!dev) return; spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->power.lock, flags); __pm_stay_awake(dev->power.wakeup); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->power.lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pm_stay_awake); #ifdef CONFIG_PM_AUTOSLEEP static void update_prevent_sleep_time(struct wakeup_source *ws, ktime_t now) { ktime_t delta = ktime_sub(now, ws->start_prevent_time); ws->prevent_sleep_time = ktime_add(ws->prevent_sleep_time, delta); } #else static inline void update_prevent_sleep_time(struct wakeup_source *ws, ktime_t now) {} #endif /** * wakup_source_deactivate - Mark given wakeup source as inactive. * @ws: Wakeup source to handle. * * Update the @ws' statistics and notify the PM core that the wakeup source has * become inactive by decrementing the counter of wakeup events being processed * and incrementing the counter of registered wakeup events. */ static void wakeup_source_deactivate(struct wakeup_source *ws) { unsigned int cnt, inpr, cec; ktime_t duration; ktime_t now; ws->relax_count++; /* * __pm_relax() may be called directly or from a timer function. * If it is called directly right after the timer function has been * started, but before the timer function calls __pm_relax(), it is * possible that __pm_stay_awake() will be called in the meantime and * will set ws->active. Then, ws->active may be cleared immediately * by the __pm_relax() called from the timer function, but in such a * case ws->relax_count will be different from ws->active_count. */ if (ws->relax_count != ws->active_count) { ws->relax_count--; return; } ws->active = false; now = ktime_get(); duration = ktime_sub(now, ws->last_time); ws->total_time = ktime_add(ws->total_time, duration); if (ktime_to_ns(duration) > ktime_to_ns(ws->max_time)) ws->max_time = duration; ws->last_time = now; del_timer(&ws->timer); ws->timer_expires = 0; if (ws->autosleep_enabled) update_prevent_sleep_time(ws, now); /* * Increment the counter of registered wakeup events and decrement the * couter of wakeup events in progress simultaneously. */ cec = atomic_add_return(MAX_IN_PROGRESS, &combined_event_count); trace_wakeup_source_deactivate(ws->name, cec); split_counters(&cnt, &inpr); if (!inpr && waitqueue_active(&wakeup_count_wait_queue)) wake_up(&wakeup_count_wait_queue); } /** * __pm_relax - Notify the PM core that processing of a wakeup event has ended. * @ws: Wakeup source object associated with the source of the event. * * Call this function for wakeup events whose processing started with calling * __pm_stay_awake(). * * It is safe to call it from interrupt context. */ void __pm_relax(struct wakeup_source *ws) { unsigned long flags; if (!ws) return; spin_lock_irqsave(&ws->lock, flags); if (ws->active) wakeup_source_deactivate(ws); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ws->lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__pm_relax); /** * pm_relax - Notify the PM core that processing of a wakeup event has ended. * @dev: Device that signaled the event. * * Execute __pm_relax() for the @dev's wakeup source object. */ void pm_relax(struct device *dev) { unsigned long flags; if (!dev) return; spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->power.lock, flags); __pm_relax(dev->power.wakeup); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->power.lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pm_relax); /** * pm_wakeup_timer_fn - Delayed finalization of a wakeup event. * @data: Address of the wakeup source object associated with the event source. * * Call wakeup_source_deactivate() for the wakeup source whose address is stored * in @data if it is currently active and its timer has not been canceled and * the expiration time of the timer is not in future. */ static void pm_wakeup_timer_fn(struct timer_list *t) { struct wakeup_source *ws = from_timer(ws, t, timer); unsigned long flags; spin_lock_irqsave(&ws->lock, flags); if (ws->active && ws->timer_expires && time_after_eq(jiffies, ws->timer_expires)) { wakeup_source_deactivate(ws); ws->expire_count++; } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ws->lock, flags); } /** * pm_wakeup_ws_event - Notify the PM core of a wakeup event. * @ws: Wakeup source object associated with the event source. * @msec: Anticipated event processing time (in milliseconds). * @hard: If set, abort suspends in progress and wake up from suspend-to-idle. * * Notify the PM core of a wakeup event whose source is @ws that will take * approximately @msec milliseconds to be processed by the kernel. If @ws is * not active, activate it. If @msec is nonzero, set up the @ws' timer to * execute pm_wakeup_timer_fn() in future. * * It is safe to call this function from interrupt context. */ void pm_wakeup_ws_event(struct wakeup_source *ws, unsigned int msec, bool hard) { unsigned long flags; unsigned long expires; if (!ws) return; spin_lock_irqsave(&ws->lock, flags); wakeup_source_report_event(ws, hard); if (!msec) { wakeup_source_deactivate(ws); goto unlock; } expires = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(msec); if (!expires) expires = 1; if (!ws->timer_expires || time_after(expires, ws->timer_expires)) { mod_timer(&ws->timer, expires); ws->timer_expires = expires; } unlock: spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ws->lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pm_wakeup_ws_event); /** * pm_wakeup_dev_event - Notify the PM core of a wakeup event. * @dev: Device the wakeup event is related to. * @msec: Anticipated event processing time (in milliseconds). * @hard: If set, abort suspends in progress and wake up from suspend-to-idle. * * Call pm_wakeup_ws_event() for the @dev's wakeup source object. */ void pm_wakeup_dev_event(struct device *dev, unsigned int msec, bool hard) { unsigned long flags; if (!dev) return; spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->power.lock, flags); pm_wakeup_ws_event(dev->power.wakeup, msec, hard); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->power.lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pm_wakeup_dev_event); void pm_print_active_wakeup_sources(void) { struct wakeup_source *ws; int srcuidx, active = 0; struct wakeup_source *last_activity_ws = NULL; srcuidx = srcu_read_lock(&wakeup_srcu); list_for_each_entry_rcu_locked(ws, &wakeup_sources, entry) { if (ws->active) { pm_pr_dbg("active wakeup source: %s\n", ws->name); active = 1; } else if (!active && (!last_activity_ws || ktime_to_ns(ws->last_time) > ktime_to_ns(last_activity_ws->last_time))) { last_activity_ws = ws; } } if (!active && last_activity_ws) pm_pr_dbg("last active wakeup source: %s\n", last_activity_ws->name); srcu_read_unlock(&wakeup_srcu, srcuidx); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pm_print_active_wakeup_sources); /** * pm_wakeup_pending - Check if power transition in progress should be aborted. * * Compare the current number of registered wakeup events with its preserved * value from the past and return true if new wakeup events have been registered * since the old value was stored. Also return true if the current number of * wakeup events being processed is different from zero. */ bool pm_wakeup_pending(void) { unsigned long flags; bool ret = false; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&events_lock, flags); if (events_check_enabled) { unsigned int cnt, inpr; split_counters(&cnt, &inpr); ret = (cnt != saved_count || inpr > 0); events_check_enabled = !ret; } raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&events_lock, flags); if (ret) { pm_pr_dbg("Wakeup pending, aborting suspend\n"); pm_print_active_wakeup_sources(); } return ret || atomic_read(&pm_abort_suspend) > 0; } void pm_system_wakeup(void) { atomic_inc(&pm_abort_suspend); s2idle_wake(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pm_system_wakeup); void pm_system_cancel_wakeup(void) { atomic_dec_if_positive(&pm_abort_suspend); } void pm_wakeup_clear(bool reset) { pm_wakeup_irq = 0; if (reset) atomic_set(&pm_abort_suspend, 0); } void pm_system_irq_wakeup(unsigned int irq_number) { if (pm_wakeup_irq == 0) { pm_wakeup_irq = irq_number; pm_system_wakeup(); } } /** * pm_get_wakeup_count - Read the number of registered wakeup events. * @count: Address to store the value at. * @block: Whether or not to block. * * Store the number of registered wakeup events at the address in @count. If * @block is set, block until the current number of wakeup events being * processed is zero. * * Return 'false' if the current number of wakeup events being processed is * nonzero. Otherwise return 'true'. */ bool pm_get_wakeup_count(unsigned int *count, bool block) { unsigned int cnt, inpr; if (block) { DEFINE_WAIT(wait); for (;;) { prepare_to_wait(&wakeup_count_wait_queue, &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE); split_counters(&cnt, &inpr); if (inpr == 0 || signal_pending(current)) break; pm_print_active_wakeup_sources(); schedule(); } finish_wait(&wakeup_count_wait_queue, &wait); } split_counters(&cnt, &inpr); *count = cnt; return !inpr; } /** * pm_save_wakeup_count - Save the current number of registered wakeup events. * @count: Value to compare with the current number of registered wakeup events. * * If @count is equal to the current number of registered wakeup events and the * current number of wakeup events being processed is zero, store @count as the * old number of registered wakeup events for pm_check_wakeup_events(), enable * wakeup events detection and return 'true'. Otherwise disable wakeup events * detection and return 'false'. */ bool pm_save_wakeup_count(unsigned int count) { unsigned int cnt, inpr; unsigned long flags; events_check_enabled = false; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&events_lock, flags); split_counters(&cnt, &inpr); if (cnt == count && inpr == 0) { saved_count = count; events_check_enabled = true; } raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&events_lock, flags); return events_check_enabled; } #ifdef CONFIG_PM_AUTOSLEEP /** * pm_wakep_autosleep_enabled - Modify autosleep_enabled for all wakeup sources. * @enabled: Whether to set or to clear the autosleep_enabled flags. */ void pm_wakep_autosleep_enabled(bool set) { struct wakeup_source *ws; ktime_t now = ktime_get(); int srcuidx; srcuidx = srcu_read_lock(&wakeup_srcu); list_for_each_entry_rcu_locked(ws, &wakeup_sources, entry) { spin_lock_irq(&ws->lock); if (ws->autosleep_enabled != set) { ws->autosleep_enabled = set; if (ws->active) { if (set) ws->start_prevent_time = now; else update_prevent_sleep_time(ws, now); } } spin_unlock_irq(&ws->lock); } srcu_read_unlock(&wakeup_srcu, srcuidx); } #endif /* CONFIG_PM_AUTOSLEEP */ /** * print_wakeup_source_stats - Print wakeup source statistics information. * @m: seq_file to print the statistics into. * @ws: Wakeup source object to print the statistics for. */ static int print_wakeup_source_stats(struct seq_file *m, struct wakeup_source *ws) { unsigned long flags; ktime_t total_time; ktime_t max_time; unsigned long active_count; ktime_t active_time; ktime_t prevent_sleep_time; spin_lock_irqsave(&ws->lock, flags); total_time = ws->total_time; max_time = ws->max_time; prevent_sleep_time = ws->prevent_sleep_time; active_count = ws->active_count; if (ws->active) { ktime_t now = ktime_get(); active_time = ktime_sub(now, ws->last_time); total_time = ktime_add(total_time, active_time); if (active_time > max_time) max_time = active_time; if (ws->autosleep_enabled) prevent_sleep_time = ktime_add(prevent_sleep_time, ktime_sub(now, ws->start_prevent_time)); } else { active_time = 0; } seq_printf(m, "%-12s\t%lu\t\t%lu\t\t%lu\t\t%lu\t\t%lld\t\t%lld\t\t%lld\t\t%lld\t\t%lld\n", ws->name, active_count, ws->event_count, ws->wakeup_count, ws->expire_count, ktime_to_ms(active_time), ktime_to_ms(total_time), ktime_to_ms(max_time), ktime_to_ms(ws->last_time), ktime_to_ms(prevent_sleep_time)); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ws->lock, flags); return 0; } static void *wakeup_sources_stats_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { struct wakeup_source *ws; loff_t n = *pos; int *srcuidx = m->private; if (n == 0) { seq_puts(m, "name\t\tactive_count\tevent_count\twakeup_count\t" "expire_count\tactive_since\ttotal_time\tmax_time\t" "last_change\tprevent_suspend_time\n"); } *srcuidx = srcu_read_lock(&wakeup_srcu); list_for_each_entry_rcu_locked(ws, &wakeup_sources, entry) { if (n-- <= 0) return ws; } return NULL; } static void *wakeup_sources_stats_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { struct wakeup_source *ws = v; struct wakeup_source *next_ws = NULL; ++(*pos); list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(ws, &wakeup_sources, entry) { next_ws = ws; break; } if (!next_ws) print_wakeup_source_stats(m, &deleted_ws); return next_ws; } static void wakeup_sources_stats_seq_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { int *srcuidx = m->private; srcu_read_unlock(&wakeup_srcu, *srcuidx); } /** * wakeup_sources_stats_seq_show - Print wakeup sources statistics information. * @m: seq_file to print the statistics into. * @v: wakeup_source of each iteration */ static int wakeup_sources_stats_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct wakeup_source *ws = v; print_wakeup_source_stats(m, ws); return 0; } static const struct seq_operations wakeup_sources_stats_seq_ops = { .start = wakeup_sources_stats_seq_start, .next = wakeup_sources_stats_seq_next, .stop = wakeup_sources_stats_seq_stop, .show = wakeup_sources_stats_seq_show, }; static int wakeup_sources_stats_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) { return seq_open_private(file, &wakeup_sources_stats_seq_ops, sizeof(int)); } static const struct file_operations wakeup_sources_stats_fops = { .owner = THIS_MODULE, .open = wakeup_sources_stats_open, .read = seq_read, .llseek = seq_lseek, .release = seq_release_private, }; static int __init wakeup_sources_debugfs_init(void) { debugfs_create_file("wakeup_sources", S_IRUGO, NULL, NULL, &wakeup_sources_stats_fops); return 0; } postcore_initcall(wakeup_sources_debugfs_init);
1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Variant of atomic_t specialized for reference counts. * * The interface matches the atomic_t interface (to aid in porting) but only * provides the few functions one should use for reference counting. * * Saturation semantics * ==================== * * refcount_t differs from atomic_t in that the counter saturates at * REFCOUNT_SATURATED and will not move once there. This avoids wrapping the * counter and causing 'spurious' use-after-free issues. In order to avoid the * cost associated with introducing cmpxchg() loops into all of the saturating * operations, we temporarily allow the counter to take on an unchecked value * and then explicitly set it to REFCOUNT_SATURATED on detecting that underflow * or overflow has occurred. Although this is racy when multiple threads * access the refcount concurrently, by placing REFCOUNT_SATURATED roughly * equidistant from 0 and INT_MAX we minimise the scope for error: * * INT_MAX REFCOUNT_SATURATED UINT_MAX * 0 (0x7fff_ffff) (0xc000_0000) (0xffff_ffff) * +--------------------------------+----------------+----------------+ * <---------- bad value! ----------> * * (in a signed view of the world, the "bad value" range corresponds to * a negative counter value). * * As an example, consider a refcount_inc() operation that causes the counter * to overflow: * * int old = atomic_fetch_add_relaxed(r); * // old is INT_MAX, refcount now INT_MIN (0x8000_0000) * if (old < 0) * atomic_set(r, REFCOUNT_SATURATED); * * If another thread also performs a refcount_inc() operation between the two * atomic operations, then the count will continue to edge closer to 0. If it * reaches a value of 1 before /any/ of the threads reset it to the saturated * value, then a concurrent refcount_dec_and_test() may erroneously free the * underlying object. * Linux limits the maximum number of tasks to PID_MAX_LIMIT, which is currently * 0x400000 (and can't easily be raised in the future beyond FUTEX_TID_MASK). * With the current PID limit, if no batched refcounting operations are used and * the attacker can't repeatedly trigger kernel oopses in the middle of refcount * operations, this makes it impossible for a saturated refcount to leave the * saturation range, even if it is possible for multiple uses of the same * refcount to nest in the context of a single task: * * (UINT_MAX+1-REFCOUNT_SATURATED) / PID_MAX_LIMIT = * 0x40000000 / 0x400000 = 0x100 = 256 * * If hundreds of references are added/removed with a single refcounting * operation, it may potentially be possible to leave the saturation range; but * given the precise timing details involved with the round-robin scheduling of * each thread manipulating the refcount and the need to hit the race multiple * times in succession, there doesn't appear to be a practical avenue of attack * even if using refcount_add() operations with larger increments. * * Memory ordering * =============== * * Memory ordering rules are slightly relaxed wrt regular atomic_t functions * and provide only what is strictly required for refcounts. * * The increments are fully relaxed; these will not provide ordering. The * rationale is that whatever is used to obtain the object we're increasing the * reference count on will provide the ordering. For locked data structures, * its the lock acquire, for RCU/lockless data structures its the dependent * load. * * Do note that inc_not_zero() provides a control dependency which will order * future stores against the inc, this ensures we'll never modify the object * if we did not in fact acquire a reference. * * The decrements will provide release order, such that all the prior loads and * stores will be issued before, it also provides a control dependency, which * will order us against the subsequent free(). * * The control dependency is against the load of the cmpxchg (ll/sc) that * succeeded. This means the stores aren't fully ordered, but this is fine * because the 1->0 transition indicates no concurrency. * * Note that the allocator is responsible for ordering things between free() * and alloc(). * * The decrements dec_and_test() and sub_and_test() also provide acquire * ordering on success. * */ #ifndef _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H #define _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/spinlock_types.h> struct mutex; /** * struct refcount_t - variant of atomic_t specialized for reference counts * @refs: atomic_t counter field * * The counter saturates at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and will not move once * there. This avoids wrapping the counter and causing 'spurious' * use-after-free bugs. */ typedef struct refcount_struct { atomic_t refs; } refcount_t; #define REFCOUNT_INIT(n) { .refs = ATOMIC_INIT(n), } #define REFCOUNT_MAX INT_MAX #define REFCOUNT_SATURATED (INT_MIN / 2) enum refcount_saturation_type { REFCOUNT_ADD_NOT_ZERO_OVF, REFCOUNT_ADD_OVF, REFCOUNT_ADD_UAF, REFCOUNT_SUB_UAF, REFCOUNT_DEC_LEAK, }; void refcount_warn_saturate(refcount_t *r, enum refcount_saturation_type t); /** * refcount_set - set a refcount's value * @r: the refcount * @n: value to which the refcount will be set */ static inline void refcount_set(refcount_t *r, int n) { atomic_set(&r->refs, n); } /** * refcount_read - get a refcount's value * @r: the refcount * * Return: the refcount's value */ static inline unsigned int refcount_read(const refcount_t *r) { return atomic_read(&r->refs); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_add_not_zero(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = refcount_read(r); do { if (!old) break; } while (!atomic_try_cmpxchg_relaxed(&r->refs, &old, old + i)); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(old < 0 || old + i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_NOT_ZERO_OVF); return old; } /** * refcount_add_not_zero - add a value to a refcount unless it is 0 * @i: the value to add to the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_inc(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * increment a reference count. * * Return: false if the passed refcount is 0, true otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_add_not_zero(int i, refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_add_not_zero(i, r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_add(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_add_relaxed(i, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(!old)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_UAF); else if (unlikely(old < 0 || old + i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_OVF); } /** * refcount_add - add a value to a refcount * @i: the value to add to the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_add(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_inc(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * increment a reference count. */ static inline void refcount_add(int i, refcount_t *r) { __refcount_add(i, r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_inc_not_zero(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { return __refcount_add_not_zero(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_inc_not_zero - increment a refcount unless it is 0 * @r: the refcount to increment * * Similar to atomic_inc_not_zero(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED * and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Return: true if the increment was successful, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_inc_not_zero(refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_inc_not_zero(r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_inc(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { __refcount_add(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_inc - increment a refcount * @r: the refcount to increment * * Similar to atomic_inc(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller already has a * reference on the object. * * Will WARN if the refcount is 0, as this represents a possible use-after-free * condition. */ static inline void refcount_inc(refcount_t *r) { __refcount_inc(r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_sub_and_test(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_sub_release(i, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (old == i) { smp_acquire__after_ctrl_dep(); return true; } if (unlikely(old < 0 || old - i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_SUB_UAF); return false; } /** * refcount_sub_and_test - subtract from a refcount and test if it is 0 * @i: amount to subtract from the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec_and_test(), but it will WARN, return false and * ultimately leak on underflow and will fail to decrement when saturated * at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before, and provides an acquire ordering on success such that free() * must come after. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_dec(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * decrement a reference count. * * Return: true if the resulting refcount is 0, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_sub_and_test(int i, refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_sub_and_test(i, r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { return __refcount_sub_and_test(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_dec_and_test - decrement a refcount and test if it is 0 * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec_and_test(), it will WARN on underflow and fail to * decrement when saturated at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before, and provides an acquire ordering on success such that free() * must come after. * * Return: true if the resulting refcount is 0, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_dec_and_test(r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_dec(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_sub_release(1, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(old <= 1)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_DEC_LEAK); } /** * refcount_dec - decrement a refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec(), it will WARN on underflow and fail to decrement * when saturated at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before. */ static inline void refcount_dec(refcount_t *r) { __refcount_dec(r, NULL); } extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_if_one(refcount_t *r); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_not_one(refcount_t *r); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_mutex_lock(refcount_t *r, struct mutex *lock); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_lock(refcount_t *r, spinlock_t *lock); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_lock_irqsave(refcount_t *r, spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long *flags); #endif /* _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PAGE_REF_H #define _LINUX_PAGE_REF_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_set); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod_and_test); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod_and_return); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod_unless); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_freeze); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_unfreeze); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGE_REF /* * Ideally we would want to use the trace_<tracepoint>_enabled() helper * functions. But due to include header file issues, that is not * feasible. Instead we have to open code the static key functions. * * See trace_##name##_enabled(void) in include/linux/tracepoint.h */ #define page_ref_tracepoint_active(t) tracepoint_enabled(t) extern void __page_ref_set(struct page *page, int v); extern void __page_ref_mod(struct page *page, int v); extern void __page_ref_mod_and_test(struct page *page, int v, int ret); extern void __page_ref_mod_and_return(struct page *page, int v, int ret); extern void __page_ref_mod_unless(struct page *page, int v, int u); extern void __page_ref_freeze(struct page *page, int v, int ret); extern void __page_ref_unfreeze(struct page *page, int v); #else #define page_ref_tracepoint_active(t) false static inline void __page_ref_set(struct page *page, int v) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod(struct page *page, int v) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod_and_test(struct page *page, int v, int ret) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod_and_return(struct page *page, int v, int ret) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod_unless(struct page *page, int v, int u) { } static inline void __page_ref_freeze(struct page *page, int v, int ret) { } static inline void __page_ref_unfreeze(struct page *page, int v) { } #endif static inline int page_ref_count(struct page *page) { return atomic_read(&page->_refcount); } static inline int page_count(struct page *page) { return atomic_read(&compound_head(page)->_refcount); } static inline void set_page_count(struct page *page, int v) { atomic_set(&page->_refcount, v); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_set)) __page_ref_set(page, v); } /* * Setup the page count before being freed into the page allocator for * the first time (boot or memory hotplug) */ static inline void init_page_count(struct page *page) { set_page_count(page, 1); } static inline void page_ref_add(struct page *page, int nr) { atomic_add(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, nr); } static inline void page_ref_sub(struct page *page, int nr) { atomic_sub(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, -nr); } static inline int page_ref_sub_return(struct page *page, int nr) { int ret = atomic_sub_return(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_return)) __page_ref_mod_and_return(page, -nr, ret); return ret; } static inline void page_ref_inc(struct page *page) { atomic_inc(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, 1); } static inline void page_ref_dec(struct page *page) { atomic_dec(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, -1); } static inline int page_ref_sub_and_test(struct page *page, int nr) { int ret = atomic_sub_and_test(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_test)) __page_ref_mod_and_test(page, -nr, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_inc_return(struct page *page) { int ret = atomic_inc_return(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_return)) __page_ref_mod_and_return(page, 1, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_dec_and_test(struct page *page) { int ret = atomic_dec_and_test(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_test)) __page_ref_mod_and_test(page, -1, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_dec_return(struct page *page) { int ret = atomic_dec_return(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_return)) __page_ref_mod_and_return(page, -1, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_add_unless(struct page *page, int nr, int u) { int ret = atomic_add_unless(&page->_refcount, nr, u); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_unless)) __page_ref_mod_unless(page, nr, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_freeze(struct page *page, int count) { int ret = likely(atomic_cmpxchg(&page->_refcount, count, 0) == count); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_freeze)) __page_ref_freeze(page, count, ret); return ret; } static inline void page_ref_unfreeze(struct page *page, int count) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(page) != 0, page); VM_BUG_ON(count == 0); atomic_set_release(&page->_refcount, count); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_unfreeze)) __page_ref_unfreeze(page, count); } #endif
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_BH_H #define _LINUX_BH_H #include <linux/preempt.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS extern void __local_bh_disable_ip(unsigned long ip, unsigned int cnt); #else static __always_inline void __local_bh_disable_ip(unsigned long ip, unsigned int cnt) { preempt_count_add(cnt); barrier(); } #endif static inline void local_bh_disable(void) { __local_bh_disable_ip(_THIS_IP_, SOFTIRQ_DISABLE_OFFSET); } extern void _local_bh_enable(void); extern void __local_bh_enable_ip(unsigned long ip, unsigned int cnt); static inline void local_bh_enable_ip(unsigned long ip) { __local_bh_enable_ip(ip, SOFTIRQ_DISABLE_OFFSET); } static inline void local_bh_enable(void) { __local_bh_enable_ip(_THIS_IP_, SOFTIRQ_DISABLE_OFFSET); } #endif /* _LINUX_BH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Authors: Lotsa people, from code originally in tcp */ #ifndef _INET_HASHTABLES_H #define _INET_HASHTABLES_H #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <net/inet_connection_sock.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/route.h> #include <net/tcp_states.h> #include <net/netns/hash.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* This is for all connections with a full identity, no wildcards. * The 'e' prefix stands for Establish, but we really put all sockets * but LISTEN ones. */ struct inet_ehash_bucket { struct hlist_nulls_head chain; }; /* There are a few simple rules, which allow for local port reuse by * an application. In essence: * * 1) Sockets bound to different interfaces may share a local port. * Failing that, goto test 2. * 2) If all sockets have sk->sk_reuse set, and none of them are in * TCP_LISTEN state, the port may be shared. * Failing that, goto test 3. * 3) If all sockets are bound to a specific inet_sk(sk)->rcv_saddr local * address, and none of them are the same, the port may be * shared. * Failing this, the port cannot be shared. * * The interesting point, is test #2. This is what an FTP server does * all day. To optimize this case we use a specific flag bit defined * below. As we add sockets to a bind bucket list, we perform a * check of: (newsk->sk_reuse && (newsk->sk_state != TCP_LISTEN)) * As long as all sockets added to a bind bucket pass this test, * the flag bit will be set. * The resulting situation is that tcp_v[46]_verify_bind() can just check * for this flag bit, if it is set and the socket trying to bind has * sk->sk_reuse set, we don't even have to walk the owners list at all, * we return that it is ok to bind this socket to the requested local port. * * Sounds like a lot of work, but it is worth it. In a more naive * implementation (ie. current FreeBSD etc.) the entire list of ports * must be walked for each data port opened by an ftp server. Needless * to say, this does not scale at all. With a couple thousand FTP * users logged onto your box, isn't it nice to know that new data * ports are created in O(1) time? I thought so. ;-) -DaveM */ #define FASTREUSEPORT_ANY 1 #define FASTREUSEPORT_STRICT 2 struct inet_bind_bucket { possible_net_t ib_net; int l3mdev; unsigned short port; signed char fastreuse; signed char fastreuseport; kuid_t fastuid; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct in6_addr fast_v6_rcv_saddr; #endif __be32 fast_rcv_saddr; unsigned short fast_sk_family; bool fast_ipv6_only; struct hlist_node node; struct hlist_head owners; }; static inline struct net *ib_net(struct inet_bind_bucket *ib) { return read_pnet(&ib->ib_net); } #define inet_bind_bucket_for_each(tb, head) \ hlist_for_each_entry(tb, head, node) struct inet_bind_hashbucket { spinlock_t lock; struct hlist_head chain; }; /* Sockets can be hashed in established or listening table. * We must use different 'nulls' end-of-chain value for all hash buckets : * A socket might transition from ESTABLISH to LISTEN state without * RCU grace period. A lookup in ehash table needs to handle this case. */ #define LISTENING_NULLS_BASE (1U << 29) struct inet_listen_hashbucket { spinlock_t lock; unsigned int count; union { struct hlist_head head; struct hlist_nulls_head nulls_head; }; }; /* This is for listening sockets, thus all sockets which possess wildcards. */ #define INET_LHTABLE_SIZE 32 /* Yes, really, this is all you need. */ struct inet_hashinfo { /* This is for sockets with full identity only. Sockets here will * always be without wildcards and will have the following invariant: * * TCP_ESTABLISHED <= sk->sk_state < TCP_CLOSE * */ struct inet_ehash_bucket *ehash; spinlock_t *ehash_locks; unsigned int ehash_mask; unsigned int ehash_locks_mask; /* Ok, let's try this, I give up, we do need a local binding * TCP hash as well as the others for fast bind/connect. */ struct kmem_cache *bind_bucket_cachep; struct inet_bind_hashbucket *bhash; unsigned int bhash_size; /* The 2nd listener table hashed by local port and address */ unsigned int lhash2_mask; struct inet_listen_hashbucket *lhash2; /* All the above members are written once at bootup and * never written again _or_ are predominantly read-access. * * Now align to a new cache line as all the following members * might be often dirty. */ /* All sockets in TCP_LISTEN state will be in listening_hash. * This is the only table where wildcard'd TCP sockets can * exist. listening_hash is only hashed by local port number. * If lhash2 is initialized, the same socket will also be hashed * to lhash2 by port and address. */ struct inet_listen_hashbucket listening_hash[INET_LHTABLE_SIZE] ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; }; #define inet_lhash2_for_each_icsk_rcu(__icsk, list) \ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(__icsk, list, icsk_listen_portaddr_node) static inline struct inet_listen_hashbucket * inet_lhash2_bucket(struct inet_hashinfo *h, u32 hash) { return &h->lhash2[hash & h->lhash2_mask]; } static inline struct inet_ehash_bucket *inet_ehash_bucket( struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, unsigned int hash) { return &hashinfo->ehash[hash & hashinfo->ehash_mask]; } static inline spinlock_t *inet_ehash_lockp( struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, unsigned int hash) { return &hashinfo->ehash_locks[hash & hashinfo->ehash_locks_mask]; } int inet_ehash_locks_alloc(struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo); static inline void inet_hashinfo2_free_mod(struct inet_hashinfo *h) { kfree(h->lhash2); h->lhash2 = NULL; } static inline void inet_ehash_locks_free(struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo) { kvfree(hashinfo->ehash_locks); hashinfo->ehash_locks = NULL; } static inline bool inet_sk_bound_dev_eq(struct net *net, int bound_dev_if, int dif, int sdif) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) return inet_bound_dev_eq(!!net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_l3mdev_accept, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #else return inet_bound_dev_eq(true, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #endif } struct inet_bind_bucket * inet_bind_bucket_create(struct kmem_cache *cachep, struct net *net, struct inet_bind_hashbucket *head, const unsigned short snum, int l3mdev); void inet_bind_bucket_destroy(struct kmem_cache *cachep, struct inet_bind_bucket *tb); static inline u32 inet_bhashfn(const struct net *net, const __u16 lport, const u32 bhash_size) { return (lport + net_hash_mix(net)) & (bhash_size - 1); } void inet_bind_hash(struct sock *sk, struct inet_bind_bucket *tb, const unsigned short snum); /* These can have wildcards, don't try too hard. */ static inline u32 inet_lhashfn(const struct net *net, const unsigned short num) { return (num + net_hash_mix(net)) & (INET_LHTABLE_SIZE - 1); } static inline int inet_sk_listen_hashfn(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_lhashfn(sock_net(sk), inet_sk(sk)->inet_num); } /* Caller must disable local BH processing. */ int __inet_inherit_port(const struct sock *sk, struct sock *child); void inet_put_port(struct sock *sk); void inet_hashinfo_init(struct inet_hashinfo *h); void inet_hashinfo2_init(struct inet_hashinfo *h, const char *name, unsigned long numentries, int scale, unsigned long low_limit, unsigned long high_limit); int inet_hashinfo2_init_mod(struct inet_hashinfo *h); bool inet_ehash_insert(struct sock *sk, struct sock *osk, bool *found_dup_sk); bool inet_ehash_nolisten(struct sock *sk, struct sock *osk, bool *found_dup_sk); int __inet_hash(struct sock *sk, struct sock *osk); int inet_hash(struct sock *sk); void inet_unhash(struct sock *sk); struct sock *__inet_lookup_listener(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const unsigned short hnum, const int dif, const int sdif); static inline struct sock *inet_lookup_listener(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, __be32 saddr, __be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif, int sdif) { return __inet_lookup_listener(net, hashinfo, skb, doff, saddr, sport, daddr, ntohs(dport), dif, sdif); } /* Socket demux engine toys. */ /* What happens here is ugly; there's a pair of adjacent fields in struct inet_sock; __be16 dport followed by __u16 num. We want to search by pair, so we combine the keys into a single 32bit value and compare with 32bit value read from &...->dport. Let's at least make sure that it's not mixed with anything else... On 64bit targets we combine comparisons with pair of adjacent __be32 fields in the same way. */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN #define INET_COMBINED_PORTS(__sport, __dport) \ ((__force __portpair)(((__force __u32)(__be16)(__sport) << 16) | (__u32)(__dport))) #else /* __LITTLE_ENDIAN */ #define INET_COMBINED_PORTS(__sport, __dport) \ ((__force __portpair)(((__u32)(__dport) << 16) | (__force __u32)(__be16)(__sport))) #endif #if (BITS_PER_LONG == 64) #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN #define INET_ADDR_COOKIE(__name, __saddr, __daddr) \ const __addrpair __name = (__force __addrpair) ( \ (((__force __u64)(__be32)(__saddr)) << 32) | \ ((__force __u64)(__be32)(__daddr))) #else /* __LITTLE_ENDIAN */ #define INET_ADDR_COOKIE(__name, __saddr, __daddr) \ const __addrpair __name = (__force __addrpair) ( \ (((__force __u64)(__be32)(__daddr)) << 32) | \ ((__force __u64)(__be32)(__saddr))) #endif /* __BIG_ENDIAN */ #define INET_MATCH(__sk, __net, __cookie, __saddr, __daddr, __ports, __dif, __sdif) \ (((__sk)->sk_portpair == (__ports)) && \ ((__sk)->sk_addrpair == (__cookie)) && \ (((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__dif)) || \ ((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__sdif))) && \ net_eq(sock_net(__sk), (__net))) #else /* 32-bit arch */ #define INET_ADDR_COOKIE(__name, __saddr, __daddr) \ const int __name __deprecated __attribute__((unused)) #define INET_MATCH(__sk, __net, __cookie, __saddr, __daddr, __ports, __dif, __sdif) \ (((__sk)->sk_portpair == (__ports)) && \ ((__sk)->sk_daddr == (__saddr)) && \ ((__sk)->sk_rcv_saddr == (__daddr)) && \ (((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__dif)) || \ ((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__sdif))) && \ net_eq(sock_net(__sk), (__net))) #endif /* 64-bit arch */ /* Sockets in TCP_CLOSE state are _always_ taken out of the hash, so we need * not check it for lookups anymore, thanks Alexey. -DaveM */ struct sock *__inet_lookup_established(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const u16 hnum, const int dif, const int sdif); static inline struct sock * inet_lookup_established(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const __be16 dport, const int dif) { return __inet_lookup_established(net, hashinfo, saddr, sport, daddr, ntohs(dport), dif, 0); } static inline struct sock *__inet_lookup(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const __be16 dport, const int dif, const int sdif, bool *refcounted) { u16 hnum = ntohs(dport); struct sock *sk; sk = __inet_lookup_established(net, hashinfo, saddr, sport, daddr, hnum, dif, sdif); *refcounted = true; if (sk) return sk; *refcounted = false; return __inet_lookup_listener(net, hashinfo, skb, doff, saddr, sport, daddr, hnum, dif, sdif); } static inline struct sock *inet_lookup(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const __be16 dport, const int dif) { struct sock *sk; bool refcounted; sk = __inet_lookup(net, hashinfo, skb, doff, saddr, sport, daddr, dport, dif, 0, &refcounted); if (sk && !refcounted && !refcount_inc_not_zero(&sk->sk_refcnt)) sk = NULL; return sk; } static inline struct sock *__inet_lookup_skb(struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be16 sport, const __be16 dport, const int sdif, bool *refcounted) { struct sock *sk = skb_steal_sock(skb, refcounted); const struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb); if (sk) return sk; return __inet_lookup(dev_net(skb_dst(skb)->dev), hashinfo, skb, doff, iph->saddr, sport, iph->daddr, dport, inet_iif(skb), sdif, refcounted); } u32 inet6_ehashfn(const struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *laddr, const u16 lport, const struct in6_addr *faddr, const __be16 fport); static inline void sk_daddr_set(struct sock *sk, __be32 addr) { sk->sk_daddr = addr; /* alias of inet_daddr */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(addr, &sk->sk_v6_daddr); #endif } static inline void sk_rcv_saddr_set(struct sock *sk, __be32 addr) { sk->sk_rcv_saddr = addr; /* alias of inet_rcv_saddr */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(addr, &sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr); #endif } int __inet_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row, struct sock *sk, u32 port_offset, int (*check_established)(struct inet_timewait_death_row *, struct sock *, __u16, struct inet_timewait_sock **)); int inet_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row, struct sock *sk); #endif /* _INET_HASHTABLES_H */
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1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Linux Socket Filter Data Structures */ #ifndef __LINUX_FILTER_H__ #define __LINUX_FILTER_H__ #include <stdarg.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/printk.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/set_memory.h> #include <linux/kallsyms.h> #include <linux/if_vlan.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #include <crypto/sha.h> #include <net/sch_generic.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> #include <uapi/linux/filter.h> #include <uapi/linux/bpf.h> struct sk_buff; struct sock; struct seccomp_data; struct bpf_prog_aux; struct xdp_rxq_info; struct xdp_buff; struct sock_reuseport; struct ctl_table; struct ctl_table_header; /* ArgX, context and stack frame pointer register positions. Note, * Arg1, Arg2, Arg3, etc are used as argument mappings of function * calls in BPF_CALL instruction. */ #define BPF_REG_ARG1 BPF_REG_1 #define BPF_REG_ARG2 BPF_REG_2 #define BPF_REG_ARG3 BPF_REG_3 #define BPF_REG_ARG4 BPF_REG_4 #define BPF_REG_ARG5 BPF_REG_5 #define BPF_REG_CTX BPF_REG_6 #define BPF_REG_FP BPF_REG_10 /* Additional register mappings for converted user programs. */ #define BPF_REG_A BPF_REG_0 #define BPF_REG_X BPF_REG_7 #define BPF_REG_TMP BPF_REG_2 /* scratch reg */ #define BPF_REG_D BPF_REG_8 /* data, callee-saved */ #define BPF_REG_H BPF_REG_9 /* hlen, callee-saved */ /* Kernel hidden auxiliary/helper register. */ #define BPF_REG_AX MAX_BPF_REG #define MAX_BPF_EXT_REG (MAX_BPF_REG + 1) #define MAX_BPF_JIT_REG MAX_BPF_EXT_REG /* unused opcode to mark special call to bpf_tail_call() helper */ #define BPF_TAIL_CALL 0xf0 /* unused opcode to mark special load instruction. Same as BPF_ABS */ #define BPF_PROBE_MEM 0x20 /* unused opcode to mark call to interpreter with arguments */ #define BPF_CALL_ARGS 0xe0 /* unused opcode to mark speculation barrier for mitigating * Speculative Store Bypass */ #define BPF_NOSPEC 0xc0 /* As per nm, we expose JITed images as text (code) section for * kallsyms. That way, tools like perf can find it to match * addresses. */ #define BPF_SYM_ELF_TYPE 't' /* BPF program can access up to 512 bytes of stack space. */ #define MAX_BPF_STACK 512 /* Helper macros for filter block array initializers. */ /* ALU ops on registers, bpf_add|sub|...: dst_reg += src_reg */ #define BPF_ALU64_REG(OP, DST, SRC) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU64 | BPF_OP(OP) | BPF_X, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = 0 }) #define BPF_ALU32_REG(OP, DST, SRC) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU | BPF_OP(OP) | BPF_X, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = 0 }) /* ALU ops on immediates, bpf_add|sub|...: dst_reg += imm32 */ #define BPF_ALU64_IMM(OP, DST, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU64 | BPF_OP(OP) | BPF_K, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = IMM }) #define BPF_ALU32_IMM(OP, DST, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU | BPF_OP(OP) | BPF_K, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Endianess conversion, cpu_to_{l,b}e(), {l,b}e_to_cpu() */ #define BPF_ENDIAN(TYPE, DST, LEN) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU | BPF_END | BPF_SRC(TYPE), \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = LEN }) /* Short form of mov, dst_reg = src_reg */ #define BPF_MOV64_REG(DST, SRC) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOV | BPF_X, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = 0 }) #define BPF_MOV32_REG(DST, SRC) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_X, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Short form of mov, dst_reg = imm32 */ #define BPF_MOV64_IMM(DST, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOV | BPF_K, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = IMM }) #define BPF_MOV32_IMM(DST, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_K, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Special form of mov32, used for doing explicit zero extension on dst. */ #define BPF_ZEXT_REG(DST) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_X, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = DST, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = 1 }) static inline bool insn_is_zext(const struct bpf_insn *insn) { return insn->code == (BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_X) && insn->imm == 1; } /* BPF_LD_IMM64 macro encodes single 'load 64-bit immediate' insn */ #define BPF_LD_IMM64(DST, IMM) \ BPF_LD_IMM64_RAW(DST, 0, IMM) #define BPF_LD_IMM64_RAW(DST, SRC, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_LD | BPF_DW | BPF_IMM, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = (__u32) (IMM) }), \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = 0, /* zero is reserved opcode */ \ .dst_reg = 0, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = ((__u64) (IMM)) >> 32 }) /* pseudo BPF_LD_IMM64 insn used to refer to process-local map_fd */ #define BPF_LD_MAP_FD(DST, MAP_FD) \ BPF_LD_IMM64_RAW(DST, BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD, MAP_FD) /* Short form of mov based on type, BPF_X: dst_reg = src_reg, BPF_K: dst_reg = imm32 */ #define BPF_MOV64_RAW(TYPE, DST, SRC, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU64 | BPF_MOV | BPF_SRC(TYPE), \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = IMM }) #define BPF_MOV32_RAW(TYPE, DST, SRC, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ALU | BPF_MOV | BPF_SRC(TYPE), \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Direct packet access, R0 = *(uint *) (skb->data + imm32) */ #define BPF_LD_ABS(SIZE, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_LD | BPF_SIZE(SIZE) | BPF_ABS, \ .dst_reg = 0, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Indirect packet access, R0 = *(uint *) (skb->data + src_reg + imm32) */ #define BPF_LD_IND(SIZE, SRC, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_LD | BPF_SIZE(SIZE) | BPF_IND, \ .dst_reg = 0, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Memory load, dst_reg = *(uint *) (src_reg + off16) */ #define BPF_LDX_MEM(SIZE, DST, SRC, OFF) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_LDX | BPF_SIZE(SIZE) | BPF_MEM, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Memory store, *(uint *) (dst_reg + off16) = src_reg */ #define BPF_STX_MEM(SIZE, DST, SRC, OFF) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_STX | BPF_SIZE(SIZE) | BPF_MEM, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Atomic memory add, *(uint *)(dst_reg + off16) += src_reg */ #define BPF_STX_XADD(SIZE, DST, SRC, OFF) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_STX | BPF_SIZE(SIZE) | BPF_XADD, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Memory store, *(uint *) (dst_reg + off16) = imm32 */ #define BPF_ST_MEM(SIZE, DST, OFF, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ST | BPF_SIZE(SIZE) | BPF_MEM, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Conditional jumps against registers, if (dst_reg 'op' src_reg) goto pc + off16 */ #define BPF_JMP_REG(OP, DST, SRC, OFF) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_JMP | BPF_OP(OP) | BPF_X, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Conditional jumps against immediates, if (dst_reg 'op' imm32) goto pc + off16 */ #define BPF_JMP_IMM(OP, DST, IMM, OFF) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_JMP | BPF_OP(OP) | BPF_K, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Like BPF_JMP_REG, but with 32-bit wide operands for comparison. */ #define BPF_JMP32_REG(OP, DST, SRC, OFF) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_JMP32 | BPF_OP(OP) | BPF_X, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Like BPF_JMP_IMM, but with 32-bit wide operands for comparison. */ #define BPF_JMP32_IMM(OP, DST, IMM, OFF) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_JMP32 | BPF_OP(OP) | BPF_K, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Unconditional jumps, goto pc + off16 */ #define BPF_JMP_A(OFF) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_JMP | BPF_JA, \ .dst_reg = 0, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Relative call */ #define BPF_CALL_REL(TGT) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_JMP | BPF_CALL, \ .dst_reg = 0, \ .src_reg = BPF_PSEUDO_CALL, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = TGT }) /* Function call */ #define BPF_CAST_CALL(x) \ ((u64 (*)(u64, u64, u64, u64, u64))(x)) #define BPF_EMIT_CALL(FUNC) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_JMP | BPF_CALL, \ .dst_reg = 0, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = ((FUNC) - __bpf_call_base) }) /* Raw code statement block */ #define BPF_RAW_INSN(CODE, DST, SRC, OFF, IMM) \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = CODE, \ .dst_reg = DST, \ .src_reg = SRC, \ .off = OFF, \ .imm = IMM }) /* Program exit */ #define BPF_EXIT_INSN() \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_JMP | BPF_EXIT, \ .dst_reg = 0, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Speculation barrier */ #define BPF_ST_NOSPEC() \ ((struct bpf_insn) { \ .code = BPF_ST | BPF_NOSPEC, \ .dst_reg = 0, \ .src_reg = 0, \ .off = 0, \ .imm = 0 }) /* Internal classic blocks for direct assignment */ #define __BPF_STMT(CODE, K) \ ((struct sock_filter) BPF_STMT(CODE, K)) #define __BPF_JUMP(CODE, K, JT, JF) \ ((struct sock_filter) BPF_JUMP(CODE, K, JT, JF)) #define bytes_to_bpf_size(bytes) \ ({ \ int bpf_size = -EINVAL; \ \ if (bytes == sizeof(u8)) \ bpf_size = BPF_B; \ else if (bytes == sizeof(u16)) \ bpf_size = BPF_H; \ else if (bytes == sizeof(u32)) \ bpf_size = BPF_W; \ else if (bytes == sizeof(u64)) \ bpf_size = BPF_DW; \ \ bpf_size; \ }) #define bpf_size_to_bytes(bpf_size) \ ({ \ int bytes = -EINVAL; \ \ if (bpf_size == BPF_B) \ bytes = sizeof(u8); \ else if (bpf_size == BPF_H) \ bytes = sizeof(u16); \ else if (bpf_size == BPF_W) \ bytes = sizeof(u32); \ else if (bpf_size == BPF_DW) \ bytes = sizeof(u64); \ \ bytes; \ }) #define BPF_SIZEOF(type) \ ({ \ const int __size = bytes_to_bpf_size(sizeof(type)); \ BUILD_BUG_ON(__size < 0); \ __size; \ }) #define BPF_FIELD_SIZEOF(type, field) \ ({ \ const int __size = bytes_to_bpf_size(sizeof_field(type, field)); \ BUILD_BUG_ON(__size < 0); \ __size; \ }) #define BPF_LDST_BYTES(insn) \ ({ \ const int __size = bpf_size_to_bytes(BPF_SIZE((insn)->code)); \ WARN_ON(__size < 0); \ __size; \ }) #define __BPF_MAP_0(m, v, ...) v #define __BPF_MAP_1(m, v, t, a, ...) m(t, a) #define __BPF_MAP_2(m, v, t, a, ...) m(t, a), __BPF_MAP_1(m, v, __VA_ARGS__) #define __BPF_MAP_3(m, v, t, a, ...) m(t, a), __BPF_MAP_2(m, v, __VA_ARGS__) #define __BPF_MAP_4(m, v, t, a, ...) m(t, a), __BPF_MAP_3(m, v, __VA_ARGS__) #define __BPF_MAP_5(m, v, t, a, ...) m(t, a), __BPF_MAP_4(m, v, __VA_ARGS__) #define __BPF_REG_0(...) __BPF_PAD(5) #define __BPF_REG_1(...) __BPF_MAP(1, __VA_ARGS__), __BPF_PAD(4) #define __BPF_REG_2(...) __BPF_MAP(2, __VA_ARGS__), __BPF_PAD(3) #define __BPF_REG_3(...) __BPF_MAP(3, __VA_ARGS__), __BPF_PAD(2) #define __BPF_REG_4(...) __BPF_MAP(4, __VA_ARGS__), __BPF_PAD(1) #define __BPF_REG_5(...) __BPF_MAP(5, __VA_ARGS__) #define __BPF_MAP(n, ...) __BPF_MAP_##n(__VA_ARGS__) #define __BPF_REG(n, ...) __BPF_REG_##n(__VA_ARGS__) #define __BPF_CAST(t, a) \ (__force t) \ (__force \ typeof(__builtin_choose_expr(sizeof(t) == sizeof(unsigned long), \ (unsigned long)0, (t)0))) a #define __BPF_V void #define __BPF_N #define __BPF_DECL_ARGS(t, a) t a #define __BPF_DECL_REGS(t, a) u64 a #define __BPF_PAD(n) \ __BPF_MAP(n, __BPF_DECL_ARGS, __BPF_N, u64, __ur_1, u64, __ur_2, \ u64, __ur_3, u64, __ur_4, u64, __ur_5) #define BPF_CALL_x(x, name, ...) \ static __always_inline \ u64 ____##name(__BPF_MAP(x, __BPF_DECL_ARGS, __BPF_V, __VA_ARGS__)); \ typedef u64 (*btf_##name)(__BPF_MAP(x, __BPF_DECL_ARGS, __BPF_V, __VA_ARGS__)); \ u64 name(__BPF_REG(x, __BPF_DECL_REGS, __BPF_N, __VA_ARGS__)); \ u64 name(__BPF_REG(x, __BPF_DECL_REGS, __BPF_N, __VA_ARGS__)) \ { \ return ((btf_##name)____##name)(__BPF_MAP(x,__BPF_CAST,__BPF_N,__VA_ARGS__));\ } \ static __always_inline \ u64 ____##name(__BPF_MAP(x, __BPF_DECL_ARGS, __BPF_V, __VA_ARGS__)) #define BPF_CALL_0(name, ...) BPF_CALL_x(0, name, __VA_ARGS__) #define BPF_CALL_1(name, ...) BPF_CALL_x(1, name, __VA_ARGS__) #define BPF_CALL_2(name, ...) BPF_CALL_x(2, name, __VA_ARGS__) #define BPF_CALL_3(name, ...) BPF_CALL_x(3, name, __VA_ARGS__) #define BPF_CALL_4(name, ...) BPF_CALL_x(4, name, __VA_ARGS__) #define BPF_CALL_5(name, ...) BPF_CALL_x(5, name, __VA_ARGS__) #define bpf_ctx_range(TYPE, MEMBER) \ offsetof(TYPE, MEMBER) ... offsetofend(TYPE, MEMBER) - 1 #define bpf_ctx_range_till(TYPE, MEMBER1, MEMBER2) \ offsetof(TYPE, MEMBER1) ... offsetofend(TYPE, MEMBER2) - 1 #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 # define bpf_ctx_range_ptr(TYPE, MEMBER) \ offsetof(TYPE, MEMBER) ... offsetofend(TYPE, MEMBER) - 1 #else # define bpf_ctx_range_ptr(TYPE, MEMBER) \ offsetof(TYPE, MEMBER) ... offsetof(TYPE, MEMBER) + 8 - 1 #endif /* BITS_PER_LONG == 64 */ #define bpf_target_off(TYPE, MEMBER, SIZE, PTR_SIZE) \ ({ \ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof_field(TYPE, MEMBER) != (SIZE)); \ *(PTR_SIZE) = (SIZE); \ offsetof(TYPE, MEMBER); \ }) /* A struct sock_filter is architecture independent. */ struct compat_sock_fprog { u16 len; compat_uptr_t filter; /* struct sock_filter * */ }; struct sock_fprog_kern { u16 len; struct sock_filter *filter; }; /* Some arches need doubleword alignment for their instructions and/or data */ #define BPF_IMAGE_ALIGNMENT 8 struct bpf_binary_header { u32 pages; u8 image[] __aligned(BPF_IMAGE_ALIGNMENT); }; struct bpf_prog { u16 pages; /* Number of allocated pages */ u16 jited:1, /* Is our filter JIT'ed? */ jit_requested:1,/* archs need to JIT the prog */ gpl_compatible:1, /* Is filter GPL compatible? */ cb_access:1, /* Is control block accessed? */ dst_needed:1, /* Do we need dst entry? */ blinded:1, /* Was blinded */ is_func:1, /* program is a bpf function */ kprobe_override:1, /* Do we override a kprobe? */ has_callchain_buf:1, /* callchain buffer allocated? */ enforce_expected_attach_type:1, /* Enforce expected_attach_type checking at attach time */ call_get_stack:1; /* Do we call bpf_get_stack() or bpf_get_stackid() */ enum bpf_prog_type type; /* Type of BPF program */ enum bpf_attach_type expected_attach_type; /* For some prog types */ u32 len; /* Number of filter blocks */ u32 jited_len; /* Size of jited insns in bytes */ u8 tag[BPF_TAG_SIZE]; struct bpf_prog_aux *aux; /* Auxiliary fields */ struct sock_fprog_kern *orig_prog; /* Original BPF program */ unsigned int (*bpf_func)(const void *ctx, const struct bpf_insn *insn); /* Instructions for interpreter */ struct sock_filter insns[0]; struct bpf_insn insnsi[]; }; struct sk_filter { refcount_t refcnt; struct rcu_head rcu; struct bpf_prog *prog; }; DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(bpf_stats_enabled_key); #define __BPF_PROG_RUN(prog, ctx, dfunc) ({ \ u32 __ret; \ cant_migrate(); \ if (static_branch_unlikely(&bpf_stats_enabled_key)) { \ struct bpf_prog_stats *__stats; \ u64 __start = sched_clock(); \ __ret = dfunc(ctx, (prog)->insnsi, (prog)->bpf_func); \ __stats = this_cpu_ptr(prog->aux->stats); \ u64_stats_update_begin(&__stats->syncp); \ __stats->cnt++; \ __stats->nsecs += sched_clock() - __start; \ u64_stats_update_end(&__stats->syncp); \ } else { \ __ret = dfunc(ctx, (prog)->insnsi, (prog)->bpf_func); \ } \ __ret; }) #define BPF_PROG_RUN(prog, ctx) \ __BPF_PROG_RUN(prog, ctx, bpf_dispatcher_nop_func) /* * Use in preemptible and therefore migratable context to make sure that * the execution of the BPF program runs on one CPU. * * This uses migrate_disable/enable() explicitly to document that the * invocation of a BPF program does not require reentrancy protection * against a BPF program which is invoked from a preempting task. * * For non RT enabled kernels migrate_disable/enable() maps to * preempt_disable/enable(), i.e. it disables also preemption. */ static inline u32 bpf_prog_run_pin_on_cpu(const struct bpf_prog *prog, const void *ctx) { u32 ret; migrate_disable(); ret = __BPF_PROG_RUN(prog, ctx, bpf_dispatcher_nop_func); migrate_enable(); return ret; } #define BPF_SKB_CB_LEN QDISC_CB_PRIV_LEN struct bpf_skb_data_end { struct qdisc_skb_cb qdisc_cb; void *data_meta; void *data_end; }; struct bpf_nh_params { u32 nh_family; union { u32 ipv4_nh; struct in6_addr ipv6_nh; }; }; struct bpf_redirect_info { u32 flags; u32 tgt_index; void *tgt_value; struct bpf_map *map; u32 kern_flags; struct bpf_nh_params nh; }; DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct bpf_redirect_info, bpf_redirect_info); /* flags for bpf_redirect_info kern_flags */ #define BPF_RI_F_RF_NO_DIRECT BIT(0) /* no napi_direct on return_frame */ /* Compute the linear packet data range [data, data_end) which * will be accessed by various program types (cls_bpf, act_bpf, * lwt, ...). Subsystems allowing direct data access must (!) * ensure that cb[] area can be written to when BPF program is * invoked (otherwise cb[] save/restore is necessary). */ static inline void bpf_compute_data_pointers(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct bpf_skb_data_end *cb = (struct bpf_skb_data_end *)skb->cb; BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(*cb) > sizeof_field(struct sk_buff, cb)); cb->data_meta = skb->data - skb_metadata_len(skb); cb->data_end = skb->data + skb_headlen(skb); } /* Similar to bpf_compute_data_pointers(), except that save orginal * data in cb->data and cb->meta_data for restore. */ static inline void bpf_compute_and_save_data_end( struct sk_buff *skb, void **saved_data_end) { struct bpf_skb_data_end *cb = (struct bpf_skb_data_end *)skb->cb; *saved_data_end = cb->data_end; cb->data_end = skb->data + skb_headlen(skb); } /* Restore data saved by bpf_compute_data_pointers(). */ static inline void bpf_restore_data_end( struct sk_buff *skb, void *saved_data_end) { struct bpf_skb_data_end *cb = (struct bpf_skb_data_end *)skb->cb; cb->data_end = saved_data_end; } static inline u8 *bpf_skb_cb(struct sk_buff *skb) { /* eBPF programs may read/write skb->cb[] area to transfer meta * data between tail calls. Since this also needs to work with * tc, that scratch memory is mapped to qdisc_skb_cb's data area. * * In some socket filter cases, the cb unfortunately needs to be * saved/restored so that protocol specific skb->cb[] data won't * be lost. In any case, due to unpriviledged eBPF programs * attached to sockets, we need to clear the bpf_skb_cb() area * to not leak previous contents to user space. */ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof_field(struct __sk_buff, cb) != BPF_SKB_CB_LEN); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof_field(struct __sk_buff, cb) != sizeof_field(struct qdisc_skb_cb, data)); return qdisc_skb_cb(skb)->data; } /* Must be invoked with migration disabled */ static inline u32 __bpf_prog_run_save_cb(const struct bpf_prog *prog, struct sk_buff *skb) { u8 *cb_data = bpf_skb_cb(skb); u8 cb_saved[BPF_SKB_CB_LEN]; u32 res; if (unlikely(prog->cb_access)) { memcpy(cb_saved, cb_data, sizeof(cb_saved)); memset(cb_data, 0, sizeof(cb_saved)); } res = BPF_PROG_RUN(prog, skb); if (unlikely(prog->cb_access)) memcpy(cb_data, cb_saved, sizeof(cb_saved)); return res; } static inline u32 bpf_prog_run_save_cb(const struct bpf_prog *prog, struct sk_buff *skb) { u32 res; migrate_disable(); res = __bpf_prog_run_save_cb(prog, skb); migrate_enable(); return res; } static inline u32 bpf_prog_run_clear_cb(const struct bpf_prog *prog, struct sk_buff *skb) { u8 *cb_data = bpf_skb_cb(skb); u32 res; if (unlikely(prog->cb_access)) memset(cb_data, 0, BPF_SKB_CB_LEN); res = bpf_prog_run_pin_on_cpu(prog, skb); return res; } DECLARE_BPF_DISPATCHER(xdp) static __always_inline u32 bpf_prog_run_xdp(const struct bpf_prog *prog, struct xdp_buff *xdp) { /* Caller needs to hold rcu_read_lock() (!), otherwise program * can be released while still running, or map elements could be * freed early while still having concurrent users. XDP fastpath * already takes rcu_read_lock() when fetching the program, so * it's not necessary here anymore. */ return __BPF_PROG_RUN(prog, xdp, BPF_DISPATCHER_FUNC(xdp)); } void bpf_prog_change_xdp(struct bpf_prog *prev_prog, struct bpf_prog *prog); static inline u32 bpf_prog_insn_size(const struct bpf_prog *prog) { return prog->len * sizeof(struct bpf_insn); } static inline u32 bpf_prog_tag_scratch_size(const struct bpf_prog *prog) { return round_up(bpf_prog_insn_size(prog) + sizeof(__be64) + 1, SHA1_BLOCK_SIZE); } static inline unsigned int bpf_prog_size(unsigned int proglen) { return max(sizeof(struct bpf_prog), offsetof(struct bpf_prog, insns[proglen])); } static inline bool bpf_prog_was_classic(const struct bpf_prog *prog) { /* When classic BPF programs have been loaded and the arch * does not have a classic BPF JIT (anymore), they have been * converted via bpf_migrate_filter() to eBPF and thus always * have an unspec program type. */ return prog->type == BPF_PROG_TYPE_UNSPEC; } static inline u32 bpf_ctx_off_adjust_machine(u32 size) { const u32 size_machine = sizeof(unsigned long); if (size > size_machine && size % size_machine == 0) size = size_machine; return size; } static inline bool bpf_ctx_narrow_access_ok(u32 off, u32 size, u32 size_default) { return size <= size_default && (size & (size - 1)) == 0; } static inline u8 bpf_ctx_narrow_access_offset(u32 off, u32 size, u32 size_default) { u8 access_off = off & (size_default - 1); #ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN return access_off; #else return size_default - (access_off + size); #endif } #define bpf_ctx_wide_access_ok(off, size, type, field) \ (size == sizeof(__u64) && \ off >= offsetof(type, field) && \ off + sizeof(__u64) <= offsetofend(type, field) && \ off % sizeof(__u64) == 0) #define bpf_classic_proglen(fprog) (fprog->len * sizeof(fprog->filter[0])) static inline void bpf_prog_lock_ro(struct bpf_prog *fp) { #ifndef CONFIG_BPF_JIT_ALWAYS_ON if (!fp->jited) { set_vm_flush_reset_perms(fp); set_memory_ro((unsigned long)fp, fp->pages); } #endif } static inline void bpf_jit_binary_lock_ro(struct bpf_binary_header *hdr) { set_vm_flush_reset_perms(hdr); set_memory_ro((unsigned long)hdr, hdr->pages); set_memory_x((unsigned long)hdr, hdr->pages); } static inline struct bpf_binary_header * bpf_jit_binary_hdr(const struct bpf_prog *fp) { unsigned long real_start = (unsigned long)fp->bpf_func; unsigned long addr = real_start & PAGE_MASK; return (void *)addr; } int sk_filter_trim_cap(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, unsigned int cap); static inline int sk_filter(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { return sk_filter_trim_cap(sk, skb, 1); } struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_select_runtime(struct bpf_prog *fp, int *err); void bpf_prog_free(struct bpf_prog *fp); bool bpf_opcode_in_insntable(u8 code); void bpf_prog_free_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog); void bpf_prog_fill_jited_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog, const u32 *insn_to_jit_off); int bpf_prog_alloc_jited_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog); void bpf_prog_free_jited_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog); void bpf_prog_free_unused_jited_linfo(struct bpf_prog *prog); struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_alloc(unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp_extra_flags); struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_alloc_no_stats(unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp_extra_flags); struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_realloc(struct bpf_prog *fp_old, unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp_extra_flags); void __bpf_prog_free(struct bpf_prog *fp); static inline void bpf_prog_unlock_free(struct bpf_prog *fp) { __bpf_prog_free(fp); } typedef int (*bpf_aux_classic_check_t)(struct sock_filter *filter, unsigned int flen); int bpf_prog_create(struct bpf_prog **pfp, struct sock_fprog_kern *fprog); int bpf_prog_create_from_user(struct bpf_prog **pfp, struct sock_fprog *fprog, bpf_aux_classic_check_t trans, bool save_orig); void bpf_prog_destroy(struct bpf_prog *fp); int sk_attach_filter(struct sock_fprog *fprog, struct sock *sk); int sk_attach_bpf(u32 ufd, struct sock *sk); int sk_reuseport_attach_filter(struct sock_fprog *fprog, struct sock *sk); int sk_reuseport_attach_bpf(u32 ufd, struct sock *sk); void sk_reuseport_prog_free(struct bpf_prog *prog); int sk_detach_filter(struct sock *sk); int sk_get_filter(struct sock *sk, struct sock_filter __user *filter, unsigned int len); bool sk_filter_charge(struct sock *sk, struct sk_filter *fp); void sk_filter_uncharge(struct sock *sk, struct sk_filter *fp); u64 __bpf_call_base(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5); #define __bpf_call_base_args \ ((u64 (*)(u64, u64, u64, u64, u64, const struct bpf_insn *)) \ (void *)__bpf_call_base) struct bpf_prog *bpf_int_jit_compile(struct bpf_prog *prog); void bpf_jit_compile(struct bpf_prog *prog); bool bpf_jit_needs_zext(void); bool bpf_helper_changes_pkt_data(void *func); static inline bool bpf_dump_raw_ok(const struct cred *cred) { /* Reconstruction of call-sites is dependent on kallsyms, * thus make dump the same restriction. */ return kallsyms_show_value(cred); } struct bpf_prog *bpf_patch_insn_single(struct bpf_prog *prog, u32 off, const struct bpf_insn *patch, u32 len); int bpf_remove_insns(struct bpf_prog *prog, u32 off, u32 cnt); void bpf_clear_redirect_map(struct bpf_map *map); static inline bool xdp_return_frame_no_direct(void) { struct bpf_redirect_info *ri = this_cpu_ptr(&bpf_redirect_info); return ri->kern_flags & BPF_RI_F_RF_NO_DIRECT; } static inline void xdp_set_return_frame_no_direct(void) { struct bpf_redirect_info *ri = this_cpu_ptr(&bpf_redirect_info); ri->kern_flags |= BPF_RI_F_RF_NO_DIRECT; } static inline void xdp_clear_return_frame_no_direct(void) { struct bpf_redirect_info *ri = this_cpu_ptr(&bpf_redirect_info); ri->kern_flags &= ~BPF_RI_F_RF_NO_DIRECT; } static inline int xdp_ok_fwd_dev(const struct net_device *fwd, unsigned int pktlen) { unsigned int len; if (unlikely(!(fwd->flags & IFF_UP))) return -ENETDOWN; len = fwd->mtu + fwd->hard_header_len + VLAN_HLEN; if (pktlen > len) return -EMSGSIZE; return 0; } /* The pair of xdp_do_redirect and xdp_do_flush MUST be called in the * same cpu context. Further for best results no more than a single map * for the do_redirect/do_flush pair should be used. This limitation is * because we only track one map and force a flush when the map changes. * This does not appear to be a real limitation for existing software. */ int xdp_do_generic_redirect(struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb, struct xdp_buff *xdp, struct bpf_prog *prog); int xdp_do_redirect(struct net_device *dev, struct xdp_buff *xdp, struct bpf_prog *prog); void xdp_do_flush(void); /* The xdp_do_flush_map() helper has been renamed to drop the _map suffix, as * it is no longer only flushing maps. Keep this define for compatibility * until all drivers are updated - do not use xdp_do_flush_map() in new code! */ #define xdp_do_flush_map xdp_do_flush void bpf_warn_invalid_xdp_action(u32 act); #ifdef CONFIG_INET struct sock *bpf_run_sk_reuseport(struct sock_reuseport *reuse, struct sock *sk, struct bpf_prog *prog, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 hash); #else static inline struct sock * bpf_run_sk_reuseport(struct sock_reuseport *reuse, struct sock *sk, struct bpf_prog *prog, struct sk_buff *skb, u32 hash) { return NULL; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_JIT extern int bpf_jit_enable; extern int bpf_jit_harden; extern int bpf_jit_kallsyms; extern long bpf_jit_limit; extern long bpf_jit_limit_max; typedef void (*bpf_jit_fill_hole_t)(void *area, unsigned int size); struct bpf_binary_header * bpf_jit_binary_alloc(unsigned int proglen, u8 **image_ptr, unsigned int alignment, bpf_jit_fill_hole_t bpf_fill_ill_insns); void bpf_jit_binary_free(struct bpf_binary_header *hdr); u64 bpf_jit_alloc_exec_limit(void); void *bpf_jit_alloc_exec(unsigned long size); void bpf_jit_free_exec(void *addr); void bpf_jit_free(struct bpf_prog *fp); int bpf_jit_add_poke_descriptor(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_jit_poke_descriptor *poke); int bpf_jit_get_func_addr(const struct bpf_prog *prog, const struct bpf_insn *insn, bool extra_pass, u64 *func_addr, bool *func_addr_fixed); struct bpf_prog *bpf_jit_blind_constants(struct bpf_prog *fp); void bpf_jit_prog_release_other(struct bpf_prog *fp, struct bpf_prog *fp_other); static inline void bpf_jit_dump(unsigned int flen, unsigned int proglen, u32 pass, void *image) { pr_err("flen=%u proglen=%u pass=%u image=%pK from=%s pid=%d\n", flen, proglen, pass, image, current->comm, task_pid_nr(current)); if (image) print_hex_dump(KERN_ERR, "JIT code: ", DUMP_PREFIX_OFFSET, 16, 1, image, proglen, false); } static inline bool bpf_jit_is_ebpf(void) { # ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_EBPF_JIT return true; # else return false; # endif } static inline bool ebpf_jit_enabled(void) { return bpf_jit_enable && bpf_jit_is_ebpf(); } static inline bool bpf_prog_ebpf_jited(const struct bpf_prog *fp) { return fp->jited && bpf_jit_is_ebpf(); } static inline bool bpf_jit_blinding_enabled(struct bpf_prog *prog) { /* These are the prerequisites, should someone ever have the * idea to call blinding outside of them, we make sure to * bail out. */ if (!bpf_jit_is_ebpf()) return false; if (!prog->jit_requested) return false; if (!bpf_jit_harden) return false; if (bpf_jit_harden == 1 && capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return false; return true; } static inline bool bpf_jit_kallsyms_enabled(void) { /* There are a couple of corner cases where kallsyms should * not be enabled f.e. on hardening. */ if (bpf_jit_harden) return false; if (!bpf_jit_kallsyms) return false; if (bpf_jit_kallsyms == 1) return true; return false; } const char *__bpf_address_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *off, char *sym); bool is_bpf_text_address(unsigned long addr); int bpf_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym); static inline const char * bpf_address_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *off, char **modname, char *sym) { const char *ret = __bpf_address_lookup(addr, size, off, sym); if (ret && modname) *modname = NULL; return ret; } void bpf_prog_kallsyms_add(struct bpf_prog *fp); void bpf_prog_kallsyms_del(struct bpf_prog *fp); #else /* CONFIG_BPF_JIT */ static inline bool ebpf_jit_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline bool bpf_jit_blinding_enabled(struct bpf_prog *prog) { return false; } static inline bool bpf_prog_ebpf_jited(const struct bpf_prog *fp) { return false; } static inline int bpf_jit_add_poke_descriptor(struct bpf_prog *prog, struct bpf_jit_poke_descriptor *poke) { return -ENOTSUPP; } static inline void bpf_jit_free(struct bpf_prog *fp) { bpf_prog_unlock_free(fp); } static inline bool bpf_jit_kallsyms_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline const char * __bpf_address_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *off, char *sym) { return NULL; } static inline bool is_bpf_text_address(unsigned long addr) { return false; } static inline int bpf_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type, char *sym) { return -ERANGE; } static inline const char * bpf_address_lookup(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *off, char **modname, char *sym) { return NULL; } static inline void bpf_prog_kallsyms_add(struct bpf_prog *fp) { } static inline void bpf_prog_kallsyms_del(struct bpf_prog *fp) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BPF_JIT */ void bpf_prog_kallsyms_del_all(struct bpf_prog *fp); #define BPF_ANC BIT(15) static inline bool bpf_needs_clear_a(const struct sock_filter *first) { switch (first->code) { case BPF_RET | BPF_K: case BPF_LD | BPF_W | BPF_LEN: return false; case BPF_LD | BPF_W | BPF_ABS: case BPF_LD | BPF_H | BPF_ABS: case BPF_LD | BPF_B | BPF_ABS: if (first->k == SKF_AD_OFF + SKF_AD_ALU_XOR_X) return true; return false; default: return true; } } static inline u16 bpf_anc_helper(const struct sock_filter *ftest) { BUG_ON(ftest->code & BPF_ANC); switch (ftest->code) { case BPF_LD | BPF_W | BPF_ABS: case BPF_LD | BPF_H | BPF_ABS: case BPF_LD | BPF_B | BPF_ABS: #define BPF_ANCILLARY(CODE) case SKF_AD_OFF + SKF_AD_##CODE: \ return BPF_ANC | SKF_AD_##CODE switch (ftest->k) { BPF_ANCILLARY(PROTOCOL); BPF_ANCILLARY(PKTTYPE); BPF_ANCILLARY(IFINDEX); BPF_ANCILLARY(NLATTR); BPF_ANCILLARY(NLATTR_NEST); BPF_ANCILLARY(MARK); BPF_ANCILLARY(QUEUE); BPF_ANCILLARY(HATYPE); BPF_ANCILLARY(RXHASH); BPF_ANCILLARY(CPU); BPF_ANCILLARY(ALU_XOR_X); BPF_ANCILLARY(VLAN_TAG); BPF_ANCILLARY(VLAN_TAG_PRESENT); BPF_ANCILLARY(PAY_OFFSET); BPF_ANCILLARY(RANDOM); BPF_ANCILLARY(VLAN_TPID); } fallthrough; default: return ftest->code; } } void *bpf_internal_load_pointer_neg_helper(const struct sk_buff *skb, int k, unsigned int size); static inline void *bpf_load_pointer(const struct sk_buff *skb, int k, unsigned int size, void *buffer) { if (k >= 0) return skb_header_pointer(skb, k, size, buffer); return bpf_internal_load_pointer_neg_helper(skb, k, size); } static inline int bpf_tell_extensions(void) { return SKF_AD_MAX; } struct bpf_sock_addr_kern { struct sock *sk; struct sockaddr *uaddr; /* Temporary "register" to make indirect stores to nested structures * defined above. We need three registers to make such a store, but * only two (src and dst) are available at convert_ctx_access time */ u64 tmp_reg; void *t_ctx; /* Attach type specific context. */ }; struct bpf_sock_ops_kern { struct sock *sk; union { u32 args[4]; u32 reply; u32 replylong[4]; }; struct sk_buff *syn_skb; struct sk_buff *skb; void *skb_data_end; u8 op; u8 is_fullsock; u8 remaining_opt_len; u64 temp; /* temp and everything after is not * initialized to 0 before calling * the BPF program. New fields that * should be initialized to 0 should * be inserted before temp. * temp is scratch storage used by * sock_ops_convert_ctx_access * as temporary storage of a register. */ }; struct bpf_sysctl_kern { struct ctl_table_header *head; struct ctl_table *table; void *cur_val; size_t cur_len; void *new_val; size_t new_len; int new_updated; int write; loff_t *ppos; /* Temporary "register" for indirect stores to ppos. */ u64 tmp_reg; }; struct bpf_sockopt_kern { struct sock *sk; u8 *optval; u8 *optval_end; s32 level; s32 optname; s32 optlen; s32 retval; }; int copy_bpf_fprog_from_user(struct sock_fprog *dst, sockptr_t src, int len); struct bpf_sk_lookup_kern { u16 family; u16 protocol; __be16 sport; u16 dport; struct { __be32 saddr; __be32 daddr; } v4; struct { const struct in6_addr *saddr; const struct in6_addr *daddr; } v6; struct sock *selected_sk; bool no_reuseport; }; extern struct static_key_false bpf_sk_lookup_enabled; /* Runners for BPF_SK_LOOKUP programs to invoke on socket lookup. * * Allowed return values for a BPF SK_LOOKUP program are SK_PASS and * SK_DROP. Their meaning is as follows: * * SK_PASS && ctx.selected_sk != NULL: use selected_sk as lookup result * SK_PASS && ctx.selected_sk == NULL: continue to htable-based socket lookup * SK_DROP : terminate lookup with -ECONNREFUSED * * This macro aggregates return values and selected sockets from * multiple BPF programs according to following rules in order: * * 1. If any program returned SK_PASS and a non-NULL ctx.selected_sk, * macro result is SK_PASS and last ctx.selected_sk is used. * 2. If any program returned SK_DROP return value, * macro result is SK_DROP. * 3. Otherwise result is SK_PASS and ctx.selected_sk is NULL. * * Caller must ensure that the prog array is non-NULL, and that the * array as well as the programs it contains remain valid. */ #define BPF_PROG_SK_LOOKUP_RUN_ARRAY(array, ctx, func) \ ({ \ struct bpf_sk_lookup_kern *_ctx = &(ctx); \ struct bpf_prog_array_item *_item; \ struct sock *_selected_sk = NULL; \ bool _no_reuseport = false; \ struct bpf_prog *_prog; \ bool _all_pass = true; \ u32 _ret; \ \ migrate_disable(); \ _item = &(array)->items[0]; \ while ((_prog = READ_ONCE(_item->prog))) { \ /* restore most recent selection */ \ _ctx->selected_sk = _selected_sk; \ _ctx->no_reuseport = _no_reuseport; \ \ _ret = func(_prog, _ctx); \ if (_ret == SK_PASS && _ctx->selected_sk) { \ /* remember last non-NULL socket */ \ _selected_sk = _ctx->selected_sk; \ _no_reuseport = _ctx->no_reuseport; \ } else if (_ret == SK_DROP && _all_pass) { \ _all_pass = false; \ } \ _item++; \ } \ _ctx->selected_sk = _selected_sk; \ _ctx->no_reuseport = _no_reuseport; \ migrate_enable(); \ _all_pass || _selected_sk ? SK_PASS : SK_DROP; \ }) static inline bool bpf_sk_lookup_run_v4(struct net *net, int protocol, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const u16 dport, struct sock **psk) { struct bpf_prog_array *run_array; struct sock *selected_sk = NULL; bool no_reuseport = false; rcu_read_lock(); run_array = rcu_dereference(net->bpf.run_array[NETNS_BPF_SK_LOOKUP]); if (run_array) { struct bpf_sk_lookup_kern ctx = { .family = AF_INET, .protocol = protocol, .v4.saddr = saddr, .v4.daddr = daddr, .sport = sport, .dport = dport, }; u32 act; act = BPF_PROG_SK_LOOKUP_RUN_ARRAY(run_array, ctx, BPF_PROG_RUN); if (act == SK_PASS) { selected_sk = ctx.selected_sk; no_reuseport = ctx.no_reuseport; } else { selected_sk = ERR_PTR(-ECONNREFUSED); } } rcu_read_unlock(); *psk = selected_sk; return no_reuseport; } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline bool bpf_sk_lookup_run_v6(struct net *net, int protocol, const struct in6_addr *saddr, const __be16 sport, const struct in6_addr *daddr, const u16 dport, struct sock **psk) { struct bpf_prog_array *run_array; struct sock *selected_sk = NULL; bool no_reuseport = false; rcu_read_lock(); run_array = rcu_dereference(net->bpf.run_array[NETNS_BPF_SK_LOOKUP]); if (run_array) { struct bpf_sk_lookup_kern ctx = { .family = AF_INET6, .protocol = protocol, .v6.saddr = saddr, .v6.daddr = daddr, .sport = sport, .dport = dport, }; u32 act; act = BPF_PROG_SK_LOOKUP_RUN_ARRAY(run_array, ctx, BPF_PROG_RUN); if (act == SK_PASS) { selected_sk = ctx.selected_sk; no_reuseport = ctx.no_reuseport; } else { selected_sk = ERR_PTR(-ECONNREFUSED); } } rcu_read_unlock(); *psk = selected_sk; return no_reuseport; } #endif /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) */ #endif /* __LINUX_FILTER_H__ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* File: fs/ext4/xattr.h On-disk format of extended attributes for the ext4 filesystem. (C) 2001 Andreas Gruenbacher, <a.gruenbacher@computer.org> */ #include <linux/xattr.h> /* Magic value in attribute blocks */ #define EXT4_XATTR_MAGIC 0xEA020000 /* Maximum number of references to one attribute block */ #define EXT4_XATTR_REFCOUNT_MAX 1024 /* Name indexes */ #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_USER 1 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_POSIX_ACL_ACCESS 2 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_POSIX_ACL_DEFAULT 3 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_TRUSTED 4 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_LUSTRE 5 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_SECURITY 6 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_SYSTEM 7 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_RICHACL 8 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_ENCRYPTION 9 #define EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_HURD 10 /* Reserved for Hurd */ struct ext4_xattr_header { __le32 h_magic; /* magic number for identification */ __le32 h_refcount; /* reference count */ __le32 h_blocks; /* number of disk blocks used */ __le32 h_hash; /* hash value of all attributes */ __le32 h_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+id+xattrblock) */ /* id = inum if refcount=1, blknum otherwise */ __u32 h_reserved[3]; /* zero right now */ }; struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header { __le32 h_magic; /* magic number for identification */ }; struct ext4_xattr_entry { __u8 e_name_len; /* length of name */ __u8 e_name_index; /* attribute name index */ __le16 e_value_offs; /* offset in disk block of value */ __le32 e_value_inum; /* inode in which the value is stored */ __le32 e_value_size; /* size of attribute value */ __le32 e_hash; /* hash value of name and value */ char e_name[]; /* attribute name */ }; #define EXT4_XATTR_PAD_BITS 2 #define EXT4_XATTR_PAD (1<<EXT4_XATTR_PAD_BITS) #define EXT4_XATTR_ROUND (EXT4_XATTR_PAD-1) #define EXT4_XATTR_LEN(name_len) \ (((name_len) + EXT4_XATTR_ROUND + \ sizeof(struct ext4_xattr_entry)) & ~EXT4_XATTR_ROUND) #define EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(entry) \ ((struct ext4_xattr_entry *)( \ (char *)(entry) + EXT4_XATTR_LEN((entry)->e_name_len))) #define EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(size) \ (((size) + EXT4_XATTR_ROUND) & ~EXT4_XATTR_ROUND) #define IHDR(inode, raw_inode) \ ((struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *) \ ((void *)raw_inode + \ EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + \ EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize)) #define IFIRST(hdr) ((struct ext4_xattr_entry *)((hdr)+1)) /* * XATTR_SIZE_MAX is currently 64k, but for the purposes of checking * for file system consistency errors, we use a somewhat bigger value. * This allows XATTR_SIZE_MAX to grow in the future, but by using this * instead of INT_MAX for certain consistency checks, we don't need to * worry about arithmetic overflows. (Actually XATTR_SIZE_MAX is * defined in include/uapi/linux/limits.h, so changing it is going * not going to be trivial....) */ #define EXT4_XATTR_SIZE_MAX (1 << 24) /* * The minimum size of EA value when you start storing it in an external inode * size of block - size of header - size of 1 entry - 4 null bytes */ #define EXT4_XATTR_MIN_LARGE_EA_SIZE(b) \ ((b) - EXT4_XATTR_LEN(3) - sizeof(struct ext4_xattr_header) - 4) #define BHDR(bh) ((struct ext4_xattr_header *)((bh)->b_data)) #define ENTRY(ptr) ((struct ext4_xattr_entry *)(ptr)) #define BFIRST(bh) ENTRY(BHDR(bh)+1) #define IS_LAST_ENTRY(entry) (*(__u32 *)(entry) == 0) #define EXT4_ZERO_XATTR_VALUE ((void *)-1) struct ext4_xattr_info { const char *name; const void *value; size_t value_len; int name_index; int in_inode; }; struct ext4_xattr_search { struct ext4_xattr_entry *first; void *base; void *end; struct ext4_xattr_entry *here; int not_found; }; struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find { struct ext4_xattr_search s; struct ext4_iloc iloc; }; struct ext4_xattr_inode_array { unsigned int count; /* # of used items in the array */ struct inode *inodes[]; }; extern const struct xattr_handler ext4_xattr_user_handler; extern const struct xattr_handler ext4_xattr_trusted_handler; extern const struct xattr_handler ext4_xattr_security_handler; extern const struct xattr_handler ext4_xattr_hurd_handler; #define EXT4_XATTR_NAME_ENCRYPTION_CONTEXT "c" /* * The EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND is overloaded and used for two purposes. * The first is to signal that there the inline xattrs and data are * taking up so much space that we might as well not keep trying to * expand it. The second is that xattr_sem is taken for writing, so * we shouldn't try to recurse into the inode expansion. For this * second case, we need to make sure that we take save and restore the * NO_EXPAND state flag appropriately. */ static inline void ext4_write_lock_xattr(struct inode *inode, int *save) { down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); *save = ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND); ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND); } static inline int ext4_write_trylock_xattr(struct inode *inode, int *save) { if (down_write_trylock(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem) == 0) return 0; *save = ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND); ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND); return 1; } static inline void ext4_write_unlock_xattr(struct inode *inode, int *save) { if (*save == 0) ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); } extern ssize_t ext4_listxattr(struct dentry *, char *, size_t); extern int ext4_xattr_get(struct inode *, int, const char *, void *, size_t); extern int ext4_xattr_set(struct inode *, int, const char *, const void *, size_t, int); extern int ext4_xattr_set_handle(handle_t *, struct inode *, int, const char *, const void *, size_t, int); extern int ext4_xattr_set_credits(struct inode *inode, size_t value_len, bool is_create, int *credits); extern int __ext4_xattr_set_credits(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *block_bh, size_t value_len, bool is_create); extern int ext4_xattr_delete_inode(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_inode_array **array, int extra_credits); extern void ext4_xattr_inode_array_free(struct ext4_xattr_inode_array *array); extern int ext4_expand_extra_isize_ea(struct inode *inode, int new_extra_isize, struct ext4_inode *raw_inode, handle_t *handle); extern const struct xattr_handler *ext4_xattr_handlers[]; extern int ext4_xattr_ibody_find(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_info *i, struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find *is); extern int ext4_xattr_ibody_get(struct inode *inode, int name_index, const char *name, void *buffer, size_t buffer_size); extern int ext4_xattr_ibody_inline_set(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_info *i, struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find *is); extern struct mb_cache *ext4_xattr_create_cache(void); extern void ext4_xattr_destroy_cache(struct mb_cache *); #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_FS_SECURITY extern int ext4_init_security(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *qstr); #else static inline int ext4_init_security(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *qstr) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP extern void ext4_xattr_inode_set_class(struct inode *ea_inode); #else static inline void ext4_xattr_inode_set_class(struct inode *ea_inode) { } #endif extern int ext4_get_inode_usage(struct inode *inode, qsize_t *usage);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM msr #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE #define TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE msr-trace #undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH #define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH asm/ #if !defined(_TRACE_MSR_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_MSR_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> /* * Tracing for x86 model specific registers. Directly maps to the * RDMSR/WRMSR instructions. */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(msr_trace_class, TP_PROTO(unsigned msr, u64 val, int failed), TP_ARGS(msr, val, failed), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned, msr ) __field( u64, val ) __field( int, failed ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->msr = msr; __entry->val = val; __entry->failed = failed; ), TP_printk("%x, value %llx%s", __entry->msr, __entry->val, __entry->failed ? " #GP" : "") ); DEFINE_EVENT(msr_trace_class, read_msr, TP_PROTO(unsigned msr, u64 val, int failed), TP_ARGS(msr, val, failed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(msr_trace_class, write_msr, TP_PROTO(unsigned msr, u64 val, int failed), TP_ARGS(msr, val, failed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(msr_trace_class, rdpmc, TP_PROTO(unsigned msr, u64 val, int failed), TP_ARGS(msr, val, failed) ); #endif /* _TRACE_MSR_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 /* * include/net/tipc.h: Include file for TIPC message header routines * * Copyright (c) 2017 Ericsson AB * All rights reserved. * * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met: * * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. * 3. Neither the names of the copyright holders nor the names of its * contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from * this software without specific prior written permission. * * Alternatively, this software may be distributed under the terms of the * GNU General Public License ("GPL") version 2 as published by the Free * Software Foundation. * * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" * AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE * LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS * INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN * CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. */ #ifndef _TIPC_HDR_H #define _TIPC_HDR_H #include <linux/random.h> #define KEEPALIVE_MSG_MASK 0x0e080000 /* LINK_PROTOCOL + MSG_IS_KEEPALIVE */ struct tipc_basic_hdr { __be32 w[4]; }; static inline __be32 tipc_hdr_rps_key(struct tipc_basic_hdr *hdr) { u32 w0 = ntohl(hdr->w[0]); bool keepalive_msg = (w0 & KEEPALIVE_MSG_MASK) == KEEPALIVE_MSG_MASK; __be32 key; /* Return source node identity as key */ if (likely(!keepalive_msg)) return hdr->w[3]; /* Spread PROBE/PROBE_REPLY messages across the cores */ get_random_bytes(&key, sizeof(key)); return key; } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_VMALLOC_H #define _LINUX_VMALLOC_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/llist.h> #include <asm/page.h> /* pgprot_t */ #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <asm/vmalloc.h> struct vm_area_struct; /* vma defining user mapping in mm_types.h */ struct notifier_block; /* in notifier.h */ /* bits in flags of vmalloc's vm_struct below */ #define VM_IOREMAP 0x00000001 /* ioremap() and friends */ #define VM_ALLOC 0x00000002 /* vmalloc() */ #define VM_MAP 0x00000004 /* vmap()ed pages */ #define VM_USERMAP 0x00000008 /* suitable for remap_vmalloc_range */ #define VM_DMA_COHERENT 0x00000010 /* dma_alloc_coherent */ #define VM_UNINITIALIZED 0x00000020 /* vm_struct is not fully initialized */ #define VM_NO_GUARD 0x00000040 /* don't add guard page */ #define VM_KASAN 0x00000080 /* has allocated kasan shadow memory */ #define VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS 0x00000100 /* reset direct map and flush TLB on unmap, can't be freed in atomic context */ #define VM_MAP_PUT_PAGES 0x00000200 /* put pages and free array in vfree */ /* * VM_KASAN is used slighly differently depending on CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC. * * If IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KASAN_VMALLOC), VM_KASAN is set on a vm_struct after * shadow memory has been mapped. It's used to handle allocation errors so that * we don't try to poision shadow on free if it was never allocated. * * Otherwise, VM_KASAN is set for kasan_module_alloc() allocations and used to * determine which allocations need the module shadow freed. */ /* bits [20..32] reserved for arch specific ioremap internals */ /* * Maximum alignment for ioremap() regions. * Can be overriden by arch-specific value. */ #ifndef IOREMAP_MAX_ORDER #define IOREMAP_MAX_ORDER (7 + PAGE_SHIFT) /* 128 pages */ #endif struct vm_struct { struct vm_struct *next; void *addr; unsigned long size; unsigned long flags; struct page **pages; unsigned int nr_pages; phys_addr_t phys_addr; const void *caller; }; struct vmap_area { unsigned long va_start; unsigned long va_end; struct rb_node rb_node; /* address sorted rbtree */ struct list_head list; /* address sorted list */ /* * The following three variables can be packed, because * a vmap_area object is always one of the three states: * 1) in "free" tree (root is vmap_area_root) * 2) in "busy" tree (root is free_vmap_area_root) * 3) in purge list (head is vmap_purge_list) */ union { unsigned long subtree_max_size; /* in "free" tree */ struct vm_struct *vm; /* in "busy" tree */ struct llist_node purge_list; /* in purge list */ }; }; /* * Highlevel APIs for driver use */ extern void vm_unmap_ram(const void *mem, unsigned int count); extern void *vm_map_ram(struct page **pages, unsigned int count, int node); extern void vm_unmap_aliases(void); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern void __init vmalloc_init(void); extern unsigned long vmalloc_nr_pages(void); #else static inline void vmalloc_init(void) { } static inline unsigned long vmalloc_nr_pages(void) { return 0; } #endif extern void *vmalloc(unsigned long size); extern void *vzalloc(unsigned long size); extern void *vmalloc_user(unsigned long size); extern void *vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node); extern void *vzalloc_node(unsigned long size, int node); extern void *vmalloc_32(unsigned long size); extern void *vmalloc_32_user(unsigned long size); extern void *__vmalloc(unsigned long size, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void *__vmalloc_node_range(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, gfp_t gfp_mask, pgprot_t prot, unsigned long vm_flags, int node, const void *caller); void *__vmalloc_node(unsigned long size, unsigned long align, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node, const void *caller); extern void vfree(const void *addr); extern void vfree_atomic(const void *addr); extern void *vmap(struct page **pages, unsigned int count, unsigned long flags, pgprot_t prot); void *vmap_pfn(unsigned long *pfns, unsigned int count, pgprot_t prot); extern void vunmap(const void *addr); extern int remap_vmalloc_range_partial(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long uaddr, void *kaddr, unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long size); extern int remap_vmalloc_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *addr, unsigned long pgoff); /* * Architectures can set this mask to a combination of PGTBL_P?D_MODIFIED values * and let generic vmalloc and ioremap code know when arch_sync_kernel_mappings() * needs to be called. */ #ifndef ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK #define ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK 0 #endif /* * There is no default implementation for arch_sync_kernel_mappings(). It is * relied upon the compiler to optimize calls out if ARCH_PAGE_TABLE_SYNC_MASK * is 0. */ void arch_sync_kernel_mappings(unsigned long start, unsigned long end); /* * Lowlevel-APIs (not for driver use!) */ static inline size_t get_vm_area_size(const struct vm_struct *area) { if (!(area->flags & VM_NO_GUARD)) /* return actual size without guard page */ return area->size - PAGE_SIZE; else return area->size; } extern struct vm_struct *get_vm_area(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags); extern struct vm_struct *get_vm_area_caller(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags, const void *caller); extern struct vm_struct *__get_vm_area_caller(unsigned long size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, const void *caller); void free_vm_area(struct vm_struct *area); extern struct vm_struct *remove_vm_area(const void *addr); extern struct vm_struct *find_vm_area(const void *addr); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern int map_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long start, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages); int map_kernel_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages); extern void unmap_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size); extern void unmap_kernel_range(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size); static inline void set_vm_flush_reset_perms(void *addr) { struct vm_struct *vm = find_vm_area(addr); if (vm) vm->flags |= VM_FLUSH_RESET_PERMS; } #else static inline int map_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long start, unsigned long size, pgprot_t prot, struct page **pages) { return size >> PAGE_SHIFT; } #define map_kernel_range map_kernel_range_noflush static inline void unmap_kernel_range_noflush(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size) { } #define unmap_kernel_range unmap_kernel_range_noflush static inline void set_vm_flush_reset_perms(void *addr) { } #endif /* for /dev/kmem */ extern long vread(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count); extern long vwrite(char *buf, char *addr, unsigned long count); /* * Internals. Dont't use.. */ extern struct list_head vmap_area_list; extern __init void vm_area_add_early(struct vm_struct *vm); extern __init void vm_area_register_early(struct vm_struct *vm, size_t align); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP # ifdef CONFIG_MMU struct vm_struct **pcpu_get_vm_areas(const unsigned long *offsets, const size_t *sizes, int nr_vms, size_t align); void pcpu_free_vm_areas(struct vm_struct **vms, int nr_vms); # else static inline struct vm_struct ** pcpu_get_vm_areas(const unsigned long *offsets, const size_t *sizes, int nr_vms, size_t align) { return NULL; } static inline void pcpu_free_vm_areas(struct vm_struct **vms, int nr_vms) { } # endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define VMALLOC_TOTAL (VMALLOC_END - VMALLOC_START) #else #define VMALLOC_TOTAL 0UL #endif int register_vmap_purge_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int unregister_vmap_purge_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); #endif /* _LINUX_VMALLOC_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * class.c - basic device class management * * Copyright (c) 2002-3 Patrick Mochel * Copyright (c) 2002-3 Open Source Development Labs * Copyright (c) 2003-2004 Greg Kroah-Hartman * Copyright (c) 2003-2004 IBM Corp. */ #include <linux/device/class.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/kdev_t.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/genhd.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include "base.h" #define to_class_attr(_attr) container_of(_attr, struct class_attribute, attr) static ssize_t class_attr_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct class_attribute *class_attr = to_class_attr(attr); struct subsys_private *cp = to_subsys_private(kobj); ssize_t ret = -EIO; if (class_attr->show) ret = class_attr->show(cp->class, class_attr, buf); return ret; } static ssize_t class_attr_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count) { struct class_attribute *class_attr = to_class_attr(attr); struct subsys_private *cp = to_subsys_private(kobj); ssize_t ret = -EIO; if (class_attr->store) ret = class_attr->store(cp->class, class_attr, buf, count); return ret; } static void class_release(struct kobject *kobj) { struct subsys_private *cp = to_subsys_private(kobj); struct class *class = cp->class; pr_debug("class '%s': release.\n", class->name); if (class->class_release) class->class_release(class); else pr_debug("class '%s' does not have a release() function, " "be careful\n", class->name); kfree(cp); } static const struct kobj_ns_type_operations *class_child_ns_type(struct kobject *kobj) { struct subsys_private *cp = to_subsys_private(kobj); struct class *class = cp->class; return class->ns_type; } static const struct sysfs_ops class_sysfs_ops = { .show = class_attr_show, .store = class_attr_store, }; static struct kobj_type class_ktype = { .sysfs_ops = &class_sysfs_ops, .release = class_release, .child_ns_type = class_child_ns_type, }; /* Hotplug events for classes go to the class subsys */ static struct kset *class_kset; int class_create_file_ns(struct class *cls, const struct class_attribute *attr, const void *ns) { int error; if (cls) error = sysfs_create_file_ns(&cls->p->subsys.kobj, &attr->attr, ns); else error = -EINVAL; return error; } void class_remove_file_ns(struct class *cls, const struct class_attribute *attr, const void *ns) { if (cls) sysfs_remove_file_ns(&cls->p->subsys.kobj, &attr->attr, ns); } static struct class *class_get(struct class *cls) { if (cls) kset_get(&cls->p->subsys); return cls; } static void class_put(struct class *cls) { if (cls) kset_put(&cls->p->subsys); } static struct device *klist_class_to_dev(struct klist_node *n) { struct device_private *p = to_device_private_class(n); return p->device; } static void klist_class_dev_get(struct klist_node *n) { struct device *dev = klist_class_to_dev(n); get_device(dev); } static void klist_class_dev_put(struct klist_node *n) { struct device *dev = klist_class_to_dev(n); put_device(dev); } static int class_add_groups(struct class *cls, const struct attribute_group **groups) { return sysfs_create_groups(&cls->p->subsys.kobj, groups); } static void class_remove_groups(struct class *cls, const struct attribute_group **groups) { return sysfs_remove_groups(&cls->p->subsys.kobj, groups); } int __class_register(struct class *cls, struct lock_class_key *key) { struct subsys_private *cp; int error; pr_debug("device class '%s': registering\n", cls->name); cp = kzalloc(sizeof(*cp), GFP_KERNEL); if (!cp) return -ENOMEM; klist_init(&cp->klist_devices, klist_class_dev_get, klist_class_dev_put); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cp->interfaces); kset_init(&cp->glue_dirs); __mutex_init(&cp->mutex, "subsys mutex", key); error = kobject_set_name(&cp->subsys.kobj, "%s", cls->name); if (error) { kfree(cp); return error; } /* set the default /sys/dev directory for devices of this class */ if (!cls->dev_kobj) cls->dev_kobj = sysfs_dev_char_kobj; #if defined(CONFIG_BLOCK) /* let the block class directory show up in the root of sysfs */ if (!sysfs_deprecated || cls != &block_class) cp->subsys.kobj.kset = class_kset; #else cp->subsys.kobj.kset = class_kset; #endif cp->subsys.kobj.ktype = &class_ktype; cp->class = cls; cls->p = cp; error = kset_register(&cp->subsys); if (error) { kfree(cp); return error; } error = class_add_groups(class_get(cls), cls->class_groups); class_put(cls); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__class_register); void class_unregister(struct class *cls) { pr_debug("device class '%s': unregistering\n", cls->name); class_remove_groups(cls, cls->class_groups); kset_unregister(&cls->p->subsys); } static void class_create_release(struct class *cls) { pr_debug("%s called for %s\n", __func__, cls->name); kfree(cls); } /** * class_create - create a struct class structure * @owner: pointer to the module that is to "own" this struct class * @name: pointer to a string for the name of this class. * @key: the lock_class_key for this class; used by mutex lock debugging * * This is used to create a struct class pointer that can then be used * in calls to device_create(). * * Returns &struct class pointer on success, or ERR_PTR() on error. * * Note, the pointer created here is to be destroyed when finished by * making a call to class_destroy(). */ struct class *__class_create(struct module *owner, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key) { struct class *cls; int retval; cls = kzalloc(sizeof(*cls), GFP_KERNEL); if (!cls) { retval = -ENOMEM; goto error; } cls->name = name; cls->owner = owner; cls->class_release = class_create_release; retval = __class_register(cls, key); if (retval) goto error; return cls; error: kfree(cls); return ERR_PTR(retval); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__class_create); /** * class_destroy - destroys a struct class structure * @cls: pointer to the struct class that is to be destroyed * * Note, the pointer to be destroyed must have been created with a call * to class_create(). */ void class_destroy(struct class *cls) { if ((cls == NULL) || (IS_ERR(cls))) return; class_unregister(cls); } /** * class_dev_iter_init - initialize class device iterator * @iter: class iterator to initialize * @class: the class we wanna iterate over * @start: the device to start iterating from, if any * @type: device_type of the devices to iterate over, NULL for all * * Initialize class iterator @iter such that it iterates over devices * of @class. If @start is set, the list iteration will start there, * otherwise if it is NULL, the iteration starts at the beginning of * the list. */ void class_dev_iter_init(struct class_dev_iter *iter, struct class *class, struct device *start, const struct device_type *type) { struct klist_node *start_knode = NULL; if (start) start_knode = &start->p->knode_class; klist_iter_init_node(&class->p->klist_devices, &iter->ki, start_knode); iter->type = type; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(class_dev_iter_init); /** * class_dev_iter_next - iterate to the next device * @iter: class iterator to proceed * * Proceed @iter to the next device and return it. Returns NULL if * iteration is complete. * * The returned device is referenced and won't be released till * iterator is proceed to the next device or exited. The caller is * free to do whatever it wants to do with the device including * calling back into class code. */ struct device *class_dev_iter_next(struct class_dev_iter *iter) { struct klist_node *knode; struct device *dev; while (1) { knode = klist_next(&iter->ki); if (!knode) return NULL; dev = klist_class_to_dev(knode); if (!iter->type || iter->type == dev->type) return dev; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(class_dev_iter_next); /** * class_dev_iter_exit - finish iteration * @iter: class iterator to finish * * Finish an iteration. Always call this function after iteration is * complete whether the iteration ran till the end or not. */ void class_dev_iter_exit(struct class_dev_iter *iter) { klist_iter_exit(&iter->ki); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(class_dev_iter_exit); /** * class_for_each_device - device iterator * @class: the class we're iterating * @start: the device to start with in the list, if any. * @data: data for the callback * @fn: function to be called for each device * * Iterate over @class's list of devices, and call @fn for each, * passing it @data. If @start is set, the list iteration will start * there, otherwise if it is NULL, the iteration starts at the * beginning of the list. * * We check the return of @fn each time. If it returns anything * other than 0, we break out and return that value. * * @fn is allowed to do anything including calling back into class * code. There's no locking restriction. */ int class_for_each_device(struct class *class, struct device *start, void *data, int (*fn)(struct device *, void *)) { struct class_dev_iter iter; struct device *dev; int error = 0; if (!class) return -EINVAL; if (!class->p) { WARN(1, "%s called for class '%s' before it was initialized", __func__, class->name); return -EINVAL; } class_dev_iter_init(&iter, class, start, NULL); while ((dev = class_dev_iter_next(&iter))) { error = fn(dev, data); if (error) break; } class_dev_iter_exit(&iter); return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(class_for_each_device); /** * class_find_device - device iterator for locating a particular device * @class: the class we're iterating * @start: Device to begin with * @data: data for the match function * @match: function to check device * * This is similar to the class_for_each_dev() function above, but it * returns a reference to a device that is 'found' for later use, as * determined by the @match callback. * * The callback should return 0 if the device doesn't match and non-zero * if it does. If the callback returns non-zero, this function will * return to the caller and not iterate over any more devices. * * Note, you will need to drop the reference with put_device() after use. * * @match is allowed to do anything including calling back into class * code. There's no locking restriction. */ struct device *class_find_device(struct class *class, struct device *start, const void *data, int (*match)(struct device *, const void *)) { struct class_dev_iter iter; struct device *dev; if (!class) return NULL; if (!class->p) { WARN(1, "%s called for class '%s' before it was initialized", __func__, class->name); return NULL; } class_dev_iter_init(&iter, class, start, NULL); while ((dev = class_dev_iter_next(&iter))) { if (match(dev, data)) { get_device(dev); break; } } class_dev_iter_exit(&iter); return dev; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(class_find_device); int class_interface_register(struct class_interface *class_intf) { struct class *parent; struct class_dev_iter iter; struct device *dev; if (!class_intf || !class_intf->class) return -ENODEV; parent = class_get(class_intf->class); if (!parent) return -EINVAL; mutex_lock(&parent->p->mutex); list_add_tail(&class_intf->node, &parent->p->interfaces); if (class_intf->add_dev) { class_dev_iter_init(&iter, parent, NULL, NULL); while ((dev = class_dev_iter_next(&iter))) class_intf->add_dev(dev, class_intf); class_dev_iter_exit(&iter); } mutex_unlock(&parent->p->mutex); return 0; } void class_interface_unregister(struct class_interface *class_intf) { struct class *parent = class_intf->class; struct class_dev_iter iter; struct device *dev; if (!parent) return; mutex_lock(&parent->p->mutex); list_del_init(&class_intf->node); if (class_intf->remove_dev) { class_dev_iter_init(&iter, parent, NULL, NULL); while ((dev = class_dev_iter_next(&iter))) class_intf->remove_dev(dev, class_intf); class_dev_iter_exit(&iter); } mutex_unlock(&parent->p->mutex); class_put(parent); } ssize_t show_class_attr_string(struct class *class, struct class_attribute *attr, char *buf) { struct class_attribute_string *cs; cs = container_of(attr, struct class_attribute_string, attr); return sysfs_emit(buf, "%s\n", cs->str); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(show_class_attr_string); struct class_compat { struct kobject *kobj; }; /** * class_compat_register - register a compatibility class * @name: the name of the class * * Compatibility class are meant as a temporary user-space compatibility * workaround when converting a family of class devices to a bus devices. */ struct class_compat *class_compat_register(const char *name) { struct class_compat *cls; cls = kmalloc(sizeof(struct class_compat), GFP_KERNEL); if (!cls) return NULL; cls->kobj = kobject_create_and_add(name, &class_kset->kobj); if (!cls->kobj) { kfree(cls); return NULL; } return cls; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(class_compat_register); /** * class_compat_unregister - unregister a compatibility class * @cls: the class to unregister */ void class_compat_unregister(struct class_compat *cls) { kobject_put(cls->kobj); kfree(cls); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(class_compat_unregister); /** * class_compat_create_link - create a compatibility class device link to * a bus device * @cls: the compatibility class * @dev: the target bus device * @device_link: an optional device to which a "device" link should be created */ int class_compat_create_link(struct class_compat *cls, struct device *dev, struct device *device_link) { int error; error = sysfs_create_link(cls->kobj, &dev->kobj, dev_name(dev)); if (error) return error; /* * Optionally add a "device" link (typically to the parent), as a * class device would have one and we want to provide as much * backwards compatibility as possible. */ if (device_link) { error = sysfs_create_link(&dev->kobj, &device_link->kobj, "device"); if (error) sysfs_remove_link(cls->kobj, dev_name(dev)); } return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(class_compat_create_link); /** * class_compat_remove_link - remove a compatibility class device link to * a bus device * @cls: the compatibility class * @dev: the target bus device * @device_link: an optional device to which a "device" link was previously * created */ void class_compat_remove_link(struct class_compat *cls, struct device *dev, struct device *device_link) { if (device_link) sysfs_remove_link(&dev->kobj, "device"); sysfs_remove_link(cls->kobj, dev_name(dev)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(class_compat_remove_link); int __init classes_init(void) { class_kset = kset_create_and_add("class", NULL, NULL); if (!class_kset) return -ENOMEM; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(class_create_file_ns); EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(class_remove_file_ns); EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(class_unregister); EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(class_destroy); EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(class_interface_register); EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(class_interface_unregister);
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Definitions for the 'struct ptr_ring' datastructure. * * Author: * Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com> * * Copyright (C) 2016 Red Hat, Inc. * * This is a limited-size FIFO maintaining pointers in FIFO order, with * one CPU producing entries and another consuming entries from a FIFO. * * This implementation tries to minimize cache-contention when there is a * single producer and a single consumer CPU. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PTR_RING_H #define _LINUX_PTR_RING_H 1 #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <asm/errno.h> #endif struct ptr_ring { int producer ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; spinlock_t producer_lock; int consumer_head ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* next valid entry */ int consumer_tail; /* next entry to invalidate */ spinlock_t consumer_lock; /* Shared consumer/producer data */ /* Read-only by both the producer and the consumer */ int size ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* max entries in queue */ int batch; /* number of entries to consume in a batch */ void **queue; }; /* Note: callers invoking this in a loop must use a compiler barrier, * for example cpu_relax(). * * NB: this is unlike __ptr_ring_empty in that callers must hold producer_lock: * see e.g. ptr_ring_full. */ static inline bool __ptr_ring_full(struct ptr_ring *r) { return r->queue[r->producer]; } static inline bool ptr_ring_full(struct ptr_ring *r) { bool ret; spin_lock(&r->producer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_full(r); spin_unlock(&r->producer_lock); return ret; } static inline bool ptr_ring_full_irq(struct ptr_ring *r) { bool ret; spin_lock_irq(&r->producer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_full(r); spin_unlock_irq(&r->producer_lock); return ret; } static inline bool ptr_ring_full_any(struct ptr_ring *r) { unsigned long flags; bool ret; spin_lock_irqsave(&r->producer_lock, flags); ret = __ptr_ring_full(r); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&r->producer_lock, flags); return ret; } static inline bool ptr_ring_full_bh(struct ptr_ring *r) { bool ret; spin_lock_bh(&r->producer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_full(r); spin_unlock_bh(&r->producer_lock); return ret; } /* Note: callers invoking this in a loop must use a compiler barrier, * for example cpu_relax(). Callers must hold producer_lock. * Callers are responsible for making sure pointer that is being queued * points to a valid data. */ static inline int __ptr_ring_produce(struct ptr_ring *r, void *ptr) { if (unlikely(!r->size) || r->queue[r->producer]) return -ENOSPC; /* Make sure the pointer we are storing points to a valid data. */ /* Pairs with the dependency ordering in __ptr_ring_consume. */ smp_wmb(); WRITE_ONCE(r->queue[r->producer++], ptr); if (unlikely(r->producer >= r->size)) r->producer = 0; return 0; } /* * Note: resize (below) nests producer lock within consumer lock, so if you * consume in interrupt or BH context, you must disable interrupts/BH when * calling this. */ static inline int ptr_ring_produce(struct ptr_ring *r, void *ptr) { int ret; spin_lock(&r->producer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_produce(r, ptr); spin_unlock(&r->producer_lock); return ret; } static inline int ptr_ring_produce_irq(struct ptr_ring *r, void *ptr) { int ret; spin_lock_irq(&r->producer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_produce(r, ptr); spin_unlock_irq(&r->producer_lock); return ret; } static inline int ptr_ring_produce_any(struct ptr_ring *r, void *ptr) { unsigned long flags; int ret; spin_lock_irqsave(&r->producer_lock, flags); ret = __ptr_ring_produce(r, ptr); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&r->producer_lock, flags); return ret; } static inline int ptr_ring_produce_bh(struct ptr_ring *r, void *ptr) { int ret; spin_lock_bh(&r->producer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_produce(r, ptr); spin_unlock_bh(&r->producer_lock); return ret; } static inline void *__ptr_ring_peek(struct ptr_ring *r) { if (likely(r->size)) return READ_ONCE(r->queue[r->consumer_head]); return NULL; } /* * Test ring empty status without taking any locks. * * NB: This is only safe to call if ring is never resized. * * However, if some other CPU consumes ring entries at the same time, the value * returned is not guaranteed to be correct. * * In this case - to avoid incorrectly detecting the ring * as empty - the CPU consuming the ring entries is responsible * for either consuming all ring entries until the ring is empty, * or synchronizing with some other CPU and causing it to * re-test __ptr_ring_empty and/or consume the ring enteries * after the synchronization point. * * Note: callers invoking this in a loop must use a compiler barrier, * for example cpu_relax(). */ static inline bool __ptr_ring_empty(struct ptr_ring *r) { if (likely(r->size)) return !r->queue[READ_ONCE(r->consumer_head)]; return true; } static inline bool ptr_ring_empty(struct ptr_ring *r) { bool ret; spin_lock(&r->consumer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_empty(r); spin_unlock(&r->consumer_lock); return ret; } static inline bool ptr_ring_empty_irq(struct ptr_ring *r) { bool ret; spin_lock_irq(&r->consumer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_empty(r); spin_unlock_irq(&r->consumer_lock); return ret; } static inline bool ptr_ring_empty_any(struct ptr_ring *r) { unsigned long flags; bool ret; spin_lock_irqsave(&r->consumer_lock, flags); ret = __ptr_ring_empty(r); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&r->consumer_lock, flags); return ret; } static inline bool ptr_ring_empty_bh(struct ptr_ring *r) { bool ret; spin_lock_bh(&r->consumer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_empty(r); spin_unlock_bh(&r->consumer_lock); return ret; } /* Must only be called after __ptr_ring_peek returned !NULL */ static inline void __ptr_ring_discard_one(struct ptr_ring *r) { /* Fundamentally, what we want to do is update consumer * index and zero out the entry so producer can reuse it. * Doing it naively at each consume would be as simple as: * consumer = r->consumer; * r->queue[consumer++] = NULL; * if (unlikely(consumer >= r->size)) * consumer = 0; * r->consumer = consumer; * but that is suboptimal when the ring is full as producer is writing * out new entries in the same cache line. Defer these updates until a * batch of entries has been consumed. */ /* Note: we must keep consumer_head valid at all times for __ptr_ring_empty * to work correctly. */ int consumer_head = r->consumer_head; int head = consumer_head++; /* Once we have processed enough entries invalidate them in * the ring all at once so producer can reuse their space in the ring. * We also do this when we reach end of the ring - not mandatory * but helps keep the implementation simple. */ if (unlikely(consumer_head - r->consumer_tail >= r->batch || consumer_head >= r->size)) { /* Zero out entries in the reverse order: this way we touch the * cache line that producer might currently be reading the last; * producer won't make progress and touch other cache lines * besides the first one until we write out all entries. */ while (likely(head >= r->consumer_tail)) r->queue[head--] = NULL; r->consumer_tail = consumer_head; } if (unlikely(consumer_head >= r->size)) { consumer_head = 0; r->consumer_tail = 0; } /* matching READ_ONCE in __ptr_ring_empty for lockless tests */ WRITE_ONCE(r->consumer_head, consumer_head); } static inline void *__ptr_ring_consume(struct ptr_ring *r) { void *ptr; /* The READ_ONCE in __ptr_ring_peek guarantees that anyone * accessing data through the pointer is up to date. Pairs * with smp_wmb in __ptr_ring_produce. */ ptr = __ptr_ring_peek(r); if (ptr) __ptr_ring_discard_one(r); return ptr; } static inline int __ptr_ring_consume_batched(struct ptr_ring *r, void **array, int n) { void *ptr; int i; for (i = 0; i < n; i++) { ptr = __ptr_ring_consume(r); if (!ptr) break; array[i] = ptr; } return i; } /* * Note: resize (below) nests producer lock within consumer lock, so if you * call this in interrupt or BH context, you must disable interrupts/BH when * producing. */ static inline void *ptr_ring_consume(struct ptr_ring *r) { void *ptr; spin_lock(&r->consumer_lock); ptr = __ptr_ring_consume(r); spin_unlock(&r->consumer_lock); return ptr; } static inline void *ptr_ring_consume_irq(struct ptr_ring *r) { void *ptr; spin_lock_irq(&r->consumer_lock); ptr = __ptr_ring_consume(r); spin_unlock_irq(&r->consumer_lock); return ptr; } static inline void *ptr_ring_consume_any(struct ptr_ring *r) { unsigned long flags; void *ptr; spin_lock_irqsave(&r->consumer_lock, flags); ptr = __ptr_ring_consume(r); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&r->consumer_lock, flags); return ptr; } static inline void *ptr_ring_consume_bh(struct ptr_ring *r) { void *ptr; spin_lock_bh(&r->consumer_lock); ptr = __ptr_ring_consume(r); spin_unlock_bh(&r->consumer_lock); return ptr; } static inline int ptr_ring_consume_batched(struct ptr_ring *r, void **array, int n) { int ret; spin_lock(&r->consumer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_consume_batched(r, array, n); spin_unlock(&r->consumer_lock); return ret; } static inline int ptr_ring_consume_batched_irq(struct ptr_ring *r, void **array, int n) { int ret; spin_lock_irq(&r->consumer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_consume_batched(r, array, n); spin_unlock_irq(&r->consumer_lock); return ret; } static inline int ptr_ring_consume_batched_any(struct ptr_ring *r, void **array, int n) { unsigned long flags; int ret; spin_lock_irqsave(&r->consumer_lock, flags); ret = __ptr_ring_consume_batched(r, array, n); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&r->consumer_lock, flags); return ret; } static inline int ptr_ring_consume_batched_bh(struct ptr_ring *r, void **array, int n) { int ret; spin_lock_bh(&r->consumer_lock); ret = __ptr_ring_consume_batched(r, array, n); spin_unlock_bh(&r->consumer_lock); return ret; } /* Cast to structure type and call a function without discarding from FIFO. * Function must return a value. * Callers must take consumer_lock. */ #define __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL(r, f) ((f)(__ptr_ring_peek(r))) #define PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL(r, f) ({ \ typeof((f)(NULL)) __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v; \ \ spin_lock(&(r)->consumer_lock); \ __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v = __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL(r, f); \ spin_unlock(&(r)->consumer_lock); \ __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v; \ }) #define PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_IRQ(r, f) ({ \ typeof((f)(NULL)) __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v; \ \ spin_lock_irq(&(r)->consumer_lock); \ __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v = __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL(r, f); \ spin_unlock_irq(&(r)->consumer_lock); \ __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v; \ }) #define PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_BH(r, f) ({ \ typeof((f)(NULL)) __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v; \ \ spin_lock_bh(&(r)->consumer_lock); \ __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v = __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL(r, f); \ spin_unlock_bh(&(r)->consumer_lock); \ __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v; \ }) #define PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_ANY(r, f) ({ \ typeof((f)(NULL)) __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v; \ unsigned long __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_f;\ \ spin_lock_irqsave(&(r)->consumer_lock, __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_f); \ __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v = __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL(r, f); \ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&(r)->consumer_lock, __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_f); \ __PTR_RING_PEEK_CALL_v; \ }) /* Not all gfp_t flags (besides GFP_KERNEL) are allowed. See * documentation for vmalloc for which of them are legal. */ static inline void **__ptr_ring_init_queue_alloc(unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp) { if (size > KMALLOC_MAX_SIZE / sizeof(void *)) return NULL; return kvmalloc_array(size, sizeof(void *), gfp | __GFP_ZERO); } static inline void __ptr_ring_set_size(struct ptr_ring *r, int size) { r->size = size; r->batch = SMP_CACHE_BYTES * 2 / sizeof(*(r->queue)); /* We need to set batch at least to 1 to make logic * in __ptr_ring_discard_one work correctly. * Batching too much (because ring is small) would cause a lot of * burstiness. Needs tuning, for now disable batching. */ if (r->batch > r->size / 2 || !r->batch) r->batch = 1; } static inline int ptr_ring_init(struct ptr_ring *r, int size, gfp_t gfp) { r->queue = __ptr_ring_init_queue_alloc(size, gfp); if (!r->queue) return -ENOMEM; __ptr_ring_set_size(r, size); r->producer = r->consumer_head = r->consumer_tail = 0; spin_lock_init(&r->producer_lock); spin_lock_init(&r->consumer_lock); return 0; } /* * Return entries into ring. Destroy entries that don't fit. * * Note: this is expected to be a rare slow path operation. * * Note: producer lock is nested within consumer lock, so if you * resize you must make sure all uses nest correctly. * In particular if you consume ring in interrupt or BH context, you must * disable interrupts/BH when doing so. */ static inline void ptr_ring_unconsume(struct ptr_ring *r, void **batch, int n, void (*destroy)(void *)) { unsigned long flags; int head; spin_lock_irqsave(&r->consumer_lock, flags); spin_lock(&r->producer_lock); if (!r->size) goto done; /* * Clean out buffered entries (for simplicity). This way following code * can test entries for NULL and if not assume they are valid. */ head = r->consumer_head - 1; while (likely(head >= r->consumer_tail)) r->queue[head--] = NULL; r->consumer_tail = r->consumer_head; /* * Go over entries in batch, start moving head back and copy entries. * Stop when we run into previously unconsumed entries. */ while (n) { head = r->consumer_head - 1; if (head < 0) head = r->size - 1; if (r->queue[head]) { /* This batch entry will have to be destroyed. */ goto done; } r->queue[head] = batch[--n]; r->consumer_tail = head; /* matching READ_ONCE in __ptr_ring_empty for lockless tests */ WRITE_ONCE(r->consumer_head, head); } done: /* Destroy all entries left in the batch. */ while (n) destroy(batch[--n]); spin_unlock(&r->producer_lock); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&r->consumer_lock, flags); } static inline void **__ptr_ring_swap_queue(struct ptr_ring *r, void **queue, int size, gfp_t gfp, void (*destroy)(void *)) { int producer = 0; void **old; void *ptr; while ((ptr = __ptr_ring_consume(r))) if (producer < size) queue[producer++] = ptr; else if (destroy) destroy(ptr); if (producer >= size) producer = 0; __ptr_ring_set_size(r, size); r->producer = producer; r->consumer_head = 0; r->consumer_tail = 0; old = r->queue; r->queue = queue; return old; } /* * Note: producer lock is nested within consumer lock, so if you * resize you must make sure all uses nest correctly. * In particular if you consume ring in interrupt or BH context, you must * disable interrupts/BH when doing so. */ static inline int ptr_ring_resize(struct ptr_ring *r, int size, gfp_t gfp, void (*destroy)(void *)) { unsigned long flags; void **queue = __ptr_ring_init_queue_alloc(size, gfp); void **old; if (!queue) return -ENOMEM; spin_lock_irqsave(&(r)->consumer_lock, flags); spin_lock(&(r)->producer_lock); old = __ptr_ring_swap_queue(r, queue, size, gfp, destroy); spin_unlock(&(r)->producer_lock); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&(r)->consumer_lock, flags); kvfree(old); return 0; } /* * Note: producer lock is nested within consumer lock, so if you * resize you must make sure all uses nest correctly. * In particular if you consume ring in interrupt or BH context, you must * disable interrupts/BH when doing so. */ static inline int ptr_ring_resize_multiple(struct ptr_ring **rings, unsigned int nrings, int size, gfp_t gfp, void (*destroy)(void *)) { unsigned long flags; void ***queues; int i; queues = kmalloc_array(nrings, sizeof(*queues), gfp); if (!queues) goto noqueues; for (i = 0; i < nrings; ++i) { queues[i] = __ptr_ring_init_queue_alloc(size, gfp); if (!queues[i]) goto nomem; } for (i = 0; i < nrings; ++i) { spin_lock_irqsave(&(rings[i])->consumer_lock, flags); spin_lock(&(rings[i])->producer_lock); queues[i] = __ptr_ring_swap_queue(rings[i], queues[i], size, gfp, destroy); spin_unlock(&(rings[i])->producer_lock); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&(rings[i])->consumer_lock, flags); } for (i = 0; i < nrings; ++i) kvfree(queues[i]); kfree(queues); return 0; nomem: while (--i >= 0) kvfree(queues[i]); kfree(queues); noqueues: return -ENOMEM; } static inline void ptr_ring_cleanup(struct ptr_ring *r, void (*destroy)(void *)) { void *ptr; if (destroy) while ((ptr = ptr_ring_consume(r))) destroy(ptr); kvfree(r->queue); } #endif /* _LINUX_PTR_RING_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM kmem #if !defined(_TRACE_KMEM_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_KMEM_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kmem_alloc, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, call_site ) __field( const void *, ptr ) __field( size_t, bytes_req ) __field( size_t, bytes_alloc ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->call_site = call_site; __entry->ptr = ptr; __entry->bytes_req = bytes_req; __entry->bytes_alloc = bytes_alloc; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("call_site=%pS ptr=%p bytes_req=%zu bytes_alloc=%zu gfp_flags=%s", (void *)__entry->call_site, __entry->ptr, __entry->bytes_req, __entry->bytes_alloc, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc, kmalloc, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc, kmem_cache_alloc, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kmem_alloc_node, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags, node), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, call_site ) __field( const void *, ptr ) __field( size_t, bytes_req ) __field( size_t, bytes_alloc ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) __field( int, node ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->call_site = call_site; __entry->ptr = ptr; __entry->bytes_req = bytes_req; __entry->bytes_alloc = bytes_alloc; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; __entry->node = node; ), TP_printk("call_site=%pS ptr=%p bytes_req=%zu bytes_alloc=%zu gfp_flags=%s node=%d", (void *)__entry->call_site, __entry->ptr, __entry->bytes_req, __entry->bytes_alloc, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags), __entry->node) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc_node, kmalloc_node, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags, node) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc_node, kmem_cache_alloc_node, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags, node) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kmem_free, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, call_site ) __field( const void *, ptr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->call_site = call_site; __entry->ptr = ptr; ), TP_printk("call_site=%pS ptr=%p", (void *)__entry->call_site, __entry->ptr) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_free, kfree, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_free, kmem_cache_free, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_free, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order), TP_ARGS(page, order), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); __entry->order = order; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%d", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, __entry->order) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_free_batched, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=0", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_alloc, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_flags, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, gfp_flags, migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) __field( int, migratetype ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page ? page_to_pfn(page) : -1UL; __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; __entry->migratetype = migratetype; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%d migratetype=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->pfn != -1UL ? pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn) : NULL, __entry->pfn != -1UL ? __entry->pfn : 0, __entry->order, __entry->migratetype, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_page, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) __field( int, migratetype ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page ? page_to_pfn(page) : -1UL; __entry->order = order; __entry->migratetype = migratetype; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%u migratetype=%d percpu_refill=%d", __entry->pfn != -1UL ? pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn) : NULL, __entry->pfn != -1UL ? __entry->pfn : 0, __entry->order, __entry->migratetype, __entry->order == 0) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_page, mm_page_alloc_zone_locked, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, migratetype) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_pcpu_drain, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) __field( int, migratetype ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page ? page_to_pfn(page) : -1UL; __entry->order = order; __entry->migratetype = migratetype; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%d migratetype=%d", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, __entry->order, __entry->migratetype) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_alloc_extfrag, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, int alloc_order, int fallback_order, int alloc_migratetype, int fallback_migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, alloc_order, fallback_order, alloc_migratetype, fallback_migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( int, alloc_order ) __field( int, fallback_order ) __field( int, alloc_migratetype ) __field( int, fallback_migratetype ) __field( int, change_ownership ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); __entry->alloc_order = alloc_order; __entry->fallback_order = fallback_order; __entry->alloc_migratetype = alloc_migratetype; __entry->fallback_migratetype = fallback_migratetype; __entry->change_ownership = (alloc_migratetype == get_pageblock_migratetype(page)); ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu alloc_order=%d fallback_order=%d pageblock_order=%d alloc_migratetype=%d fallback_migratetype=%d fragmenting=%d change_ownership=%d", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, __entry->alloc_order, __entry->fallback_order, pageblock_order, __entry->alloc_migratetype, __entry->fallback_migratetype, __entry->fallback_order < pageblock_order, __entry->change_ownership) ); /* * Required for uniquely and securely identifying mm in rss_stat tracepoint. */ #ifndef __PTR_TO_HASHVAL static unsigned int __maybe_unused mm_ptr_to_hash(const void *ptr) { int ret; unsigned long hashval; ret = ptr_to_hashval(ptr, &hashval); if (ret) return 0; /* The hashed value is only 32-bit */ return (unsigned int)hashval; } #define __PTR_TO_HASHVAL #endif TRACE_EVENT(rss_stat, TP_PROTO(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count), TP_ARGS(mm, member, count), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned int, mm_id) __field(unsigned int, curr) __field(int, member) __field(long, size) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->mm_id = mm_ptr_to_hash(mm); __entry->curr = !!(current->mm == mm); __entry->member = member; __entry->size = (count << PAGE_SHIFT); ), TP_printk("mm_id=%u curr=%d member=%d size=%ldB", __entry->mm_id, __entry->curr, __entry->member, __entry->size) ); #endif /* _TRACE_KMEM_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * Descending-priority-sorted double-linked list * * (C) 2002-2003 Intel Corp * Inaky Perez-Gonzalez <inaky.perez-gonzalez@intel.com>. * * 2001-2005 (c) MontaVista Software, Inc. * Daniel Walker <dwalker@mvista.com> * * (C) 2005 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * * Simplifications of the original code by * Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> * * Based on simple lists (include/linux/list.h). * * This is a priority-sorted list of nodes; each node has a * priority from INT_MIN (highest) to INT_MAX (lowest). * * Addition is O(K), removal is O(1), change of priority of a node is * O(K) and K is the number of RT priority levels used in the system. * (1 <= K <= 99) * * This list is really a list of lists: * * - The tier 1 list is the prio_list, different priority nodes. * * - The tier 2 list is the node_list, serialized nodes. * * Simple ASCII art explanation: * * pl:prio_list (only for plist_node) * nl:node_list * HEAD| NODE(S) * | * ||------------------------------------| * ||->|pl|<->|pl|<--------------->|pl|<-| * | |10| |21| |21| |21| |40| (prio) * | | | | | | | | | | | * | | | | | | | | | | | * |->|nl|<->|nl|<->|nl|<->|nl|<->|nl|<->|nl|<-| * |-------------------------------------------| * * The nodes on the prio_list list are sorted by priority to simplify * the insertion of new nodes. There are no nodes with duplicate * priorites on the list. * * The nodes on the node_list are ordered by priority and can contain * entries which have the same priority. Those entries are ordered * FIFO * * Addition means: look for the prio_list node in the prio_list * for the priority of the node and insert it before the node_list * entry of the next prio_list node. If it is the first node of * that priority, add it to the prio_list in the right position and * insert it into the serialized node_list list * * Removal means remove it from the node_list and remove it from * the prio_list if the node_list list_head is non empty. In case * of removal from the prio_list it must be checked whether other * entries of the same priority are on the list or not. If there * is another entry of the same priority then this entry has to * replace the removed entry on the prio_list. If the entry which * is removed is the only entry of this priority then a simple * remove from both list is sufficient. * * INT_MIN is the highest priority, 0 is the medium highest, INT_MAX * is lowest priority. * * No locking is done, up to the caller. */ #ifndef _LINUX_PLIST_H_ #define _LINUX_PLIST_H_ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> struct plist_head { struct list_head node_list; }; struct plist_node { int prio; struct list_head prio_list; struct list_head node_list; }; /** * PLIST_HEAD_INIT - static struct plist_head initializer * @head: struct plist_head variable name */ #define PLIST_HEAD_INIT(head) \ { \ .node_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT((head).node_list) \ } /** * PLIST_HEAD - declare and init plist_head * @head: name for struct plist_head variable */ #define PLIST_HEAD(head) \ struct plist_head head = PLIST_HEAD_INIT(head) /** * PLIST_NODE_INIT - static struct plist_node initializer * @node: struct plist_node variable name * @__prio: initial node priority */ #define PLIST_NODE_INIT(node, __prio) \ { \ .prio = (__prio), \ .prio_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT((node).prio_list), \ .node_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT((node).node_list), \ } /** * plist_head_init - dynamic struct plist_head initializer * @head: &struct plist_head pointer */ static inline void plist_head_init(struct plist_head *head) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&head->node_list); } /** * plist_node_init - Dynamic struct plist_node initializer * @node: &struct plist_node pointer * @prio: initial node priority */ static inline void plist_node_init(struct plist_node *node, int prio) { node->prio = prio; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node->prio_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node->node_list); } extern void plist_add(struct plist_node *node, struct plist_head *head); extern void plist_del(struct plist_node *node, struct plist_head *head); extern void plist_requeue(struct plist_node *node, struct plist_head *head); /** * plist_for_each - iterate over the plist * @pos: the type * to use as a loop counter * @head: the head for your list */ #define plist_for_each(pos, head) \ list_for_each_entry(pos, &(head)->node_list, node_list) /** * plist_for_each_continue - continue iteration over the plist * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor * @head: the head for your list * * Continue to iterate over plist, continuing after the current position. */ #define plist_for_each_continue(pos, head) \ list_for_each_entry_continue(pos, &(head)->node_list, node_list) /** * plist_for_each_safe - iterate safely over a plist of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop counter * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list * * Iterate over a plist of given type, safe against removal of list entry. */ #define plist_for_each_safe(pos, n, head) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, &(head)->node_list, node_list) /** * plist_for_each_entry - iterate over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop counter * @head: the head for your list * @mem: the name of the list_head within the struct */ #define plist_for_each_entry(pos, head, mem) \ list_for_each_entry(pos, &(head)->node_list, mem.node_list) /** * plist_for_each_entry_continue - continue iteration over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor * @head: the head for your list * @m: the name of the list_head within the struct * * Continue to iterate over list of given type, continuing after * the current position. */ #define plist_for_each_entry_continue(pos, head, m) \ list_for_each_entry_continue(pos, &(head)->node_list, m.node_list) /** * plist_for_each_entry_safe - iterate safely over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop counter * @n: another type * to use as temporary storage * @head: the head for your list * @m: the name of the list_head within the struct * * Iterate over list of given type, safe against removal of list entry. */ #define plist_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, head, m) \ list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, &(head)->node_list, m.node_list) /** * plist_head_empty - return !0 if a plist_head is empty * @head: &struct plist_head pointer */ static inline int plist_head_empty(const struct plist_head *head) { return list_empty(&head->node_list); } /** * plist_node_empty - return !0 if plist_node is not on a list * @node: &struct plist_node pointer */ static inline int plist_node_empty(const struct plist_node *node) { return list_empty(&node->node_list); } /* All functions below assume the plist_head is not empty. */ /** * plist_first_entry - get the struct for the first entry * @head: the &struct plist_head pointer * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PLIST # define plist_first_entry(head, type, member) \ ({ \ WARN_ON(plist_head_empty(head)); \ container_of(plist_first(head), type, member); \ }) #else # define plist_first_entry(head, type, member) \ container_of(plist_first(head), type, member) #endif /** * plist_last_entry - get the struct for the last entry * @head: the &struct plist_head pointer * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PLIST # define plist_last_entry(head, type, member) \ ({ \ WARN_ON(plist_head_empty(head)); \ container_of(plist_last(head), type, member); \ }) #else # define plist_last_entry(head, type, member) \ container_of(plist_last(head), type, member) #endif /** * plist_next - get the next entry in list * @pos: the type * to cursor */ #define plist_next(pos) \ list_next_entry(pos, node_list) /** * plist_prev - get the prev entry in list * @pos: the type * to cursor */ #define plist_prev(pos) \ list_prev_entry(pos, node_list) /** * plist_first - return the first node (and thus, highest priority) * @head: the &struct plist_head pointer * * Assumes the plist is _not_ empty. */ static inline struct plist_node *plist_first(const struct plist_head *head) { return list_entry(head->node_list.next, struct plist_node, node_list); } /** * plist_last - return the last node (and thus, lowest priority) * @head: the &struct plist_head pointer * * Assumes the plist is _not_ empty. */ static inline struct plist_node *plist_last(const struct plist_head *head) { return list_entry(head->node_list.prev, struct plist_node, node_list); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_NLS_H #define _LINUX_NLS_H #include <linux/init.h> /* Unicode has changed over the years. Unicode code points no longer * fit into 16 bits; as of Unicode 5 valid code points range from 0 * to 0x10ffff (17 planes, where each plane holds 65536 code points). * * The original decision to represent Unicode characters as 16-bit * wchar_t values is now outdated. But plane 0 still includes the * most commonly used characters, so we will retain it. The newer * 32-bit unicode_t type can be used when it is necessary to * represent the full Unicode character set. */ /* Plane-0 Unicode character */ typedef u16 wchar_t; #define MAX_WCHAR_T 0xffff /* Arbitrary Unicode character */ typedef u32 unicode_t; struct nls_table { const char *charset; const char *alias; int (*uni2char) (wchar_t uni, unsigned char *out, int boundlen); int (*char2uni) (const unsigned char *rawstring, int boundlen, wchar_t *uni); const unsigned char *charset2lower; const unsigned char *charset2upper; struct module *owner; struct nls_table *next; }; /* this value hold the maximum octet of charset */ #define NLS_MAX_CHARSET_SIZE 6 /* for UTF-8 */ /* Byte order for UTF-16 strings */ enum utf16_endian { UTF16_HOST_ENDIAN, UTF16_LITTLE_ENDIAN, UTF16_BIG_ENDIAN }; /* nls_base.c */ extern int __register_nls(struct nls_table *, struct module *); extern int unregister_nls(struct nls_table *); extern struct nls_table *load_nls(char *); extern void unload_nls(struct nls_table *); extern struct nls_table *load_nls_default(void); #define register_nls(nls) __register_nls((nls), THIS_MODULE) extern int utf8_to_utf32(const u8 *s, int len, unicode_t *pu); extern int utf32_to_utf8(unicode_t u, u8 *s, int maxlen); extern int utf8s_to_utf16s(const u8 *s, int len, enum utf16_endian endian, wchar_t *pwcs, int maxlen); extern int utf16s_to_utf8s(const wchar_t *pwcs, int len, enum utf16_endian endian, u8 *s, int maxlen); static inline unsigned char nls_tolower(struct nls_table *t, unsigned char c) { unsigned char nc = t->charset2lower[c]; return nc ? nc : c; } static inline unsigned char nls_toupper(struct nls_table *t, unsigned char c) { unsigned char nc = t->charset2upper[c]; return nc ? nc : c; } static inline int nls_strnicmp(struct nls_table *t, const unsigned char *s1, const unsigned char *s2, int len) { while (len--) { if (nls_tolower(t, *s1++) != nls_tolower(t, *s2++)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * nls_nullsize - return length of null character for codepage * @codepage - codepage for which to return length of NULL terminator * * Since we can't guarantee that the null terminator will be a particular * length, we have to check against the codepage. If there's a problem * determining it, assume a single-byte NULL terminator. */ static inline int nls_nullsize(const struct nls_table *codepage) { int charlen; char tmp[NLS_MAX_CHARSET_SIZE]; charlen = codepage->uni2char(0, tmp, NLS_MAX_CHARSET_SIZE); return charlen > 0 ? charlen : 1; } #define MODULE_ALIAS_NLS(name) MODULE_ALIAS("nls_" __stringify(name)) #endif /* _LINUX_NLS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_BYTEORDER_GENERIC_H #define _LINUX_BYTEORDER_GENERIC_H /* * linux/byteorder/generic.h * Generic Byte-reordering support * * The "... p" macros, like le64_to_cpup, can be used with pointers * to unaligned data, but there will be a performance penalty on * some architectures. Use get_unaligned for unaligned data. * * Francois-Rene Rideau <fare@tunes.org> 19970707 * gathered all the good ideas from all asm-foo/byteorder.h into one file, * cleaned them up. * I hope it is compliant with non-GCC compilers. * I decided to put __BYTEORDER_HAS_U64__ in byteorder.h, * because I wasn't sure it would be ok to put it in types.h * Upgraded it to 2.1.43 * Francois-Rene Rideau <fare@tunes.org> 19971012 * Upgraded it to 2.1.57 * to please Linus T., replaced huge #ifdef's between little/big endian * by nestedly #include'd files. * Francois-Rene Rideau <fare@tunes.org> 19971205 * Made it to 2.1.71; now a facelift: * Put files under include/linux/byteorder/ * Split swab from generic support. * * TODO: * = Regular kernel maintainers could also replace all these manual * byteswap macros that remain, disseminated among drivers, * after some grep or the sources... * = Linus might want to rename all these macros and files to fit his taste, * to fit his personal naming scheme. * = it seems that a few drivers would also appreciate * nybble swapping support... * = every architecture could add their byteswap macro in asm/byteorder.h * see how some architectures already do (i386, alpha, ppc, etc) * = cpu_to_beXX and beXX_to_cpu might some day need to be well * distinguished throughout the kernel. This is not the case currently, * since little endian, big endian, and pdp endian machines needn't it. * But this might be the case for, say, a port of Linux to 20/21 bit * architectures (and F21 Linux addict around?). */ /* * The following macros are to be defined by <asm/byteorder.h>: * * Conversion of long and short int between network and host format * ntohl(__u32 x) * ntohs(__u16 x) * htonl(__u32 x) * htons(__u16 x) * It seems that some programs (which? where? or perhaps a standard? POSIX?) * might like the above to be functions, not macros (why?). * if that's true, then detect them, and take measures. * Anyway, the measure is: define only ___ntohl as a macro instead, * and in a separate file, have * unsigned long inline ntohl(x){return ___ntohl(x);} * * The same for constant arguments * __constant_ntohl(__u32 x) * __constant_ntohs(__u16 x) * __constant_htonl(__u32 x) * __constant_htons(__u16 x) * * Conversion of XX-bit integers (16- 32- or 64-) * between native CPU format and little/big endian format * 64-bit stuff only defined for proper architectures * cpu_to_[bl]eXX(__uXX x) * [bl]eXX_to_cpu(__uXX x) * * The same, but takes a pointer to the value to convert * cpu_to_[bl]eXXp(__uXX x) * [bl]eXX_to_cpup(__uXX x) * * The same, but change in situ * cpu_to_[bl]eXXs(__uXX x) * [bl]eXX_to_cpus(__uXX x) * * See asm-foo/byteorder.h for examples of how to provide * architecture-optimized versions * */ #define cpu_to_le64 __cpu_to_le64 #define le64_to_cpu __le64_to_cpu #define cpu_to_le32 __cpu_to_le32 #define le32_to_cpu __le32_to_cpu #define cpu_to_le16 __cpu_to_le16 #define le16_to_cpu __le16_to_cpu #define cpu_to_be64 __cpu_to_be64 #define be64_to_cpu __be64_to_cpu #define cpu_to_be32 __cpu_to_be32 #define be32_to_cpu __be32_to_cpu #define cpu_to_be16 __cpu_to_be16 #define be16_to_cpu __be16_to_cpu #define cpu_to_le64p __cpu_to_le64p #define le64_to_cpup __le64_to_cpup #define cpu_to_le32p __cpu_to_le32p #define le32_to_cpup __le32_to_cpup #define cpu_to_le16p __cpu_to_le16p #define le16_to_cpup __le16_to_cpup #define cpu_to_be64p __cpu_to_be64p #define be64_to_cpup __be64_to_cpup #define cpu_to_be32p __cpu_to_be32p #define be32_to_cpup __be32_to_cpup #define cpu_to_be16p __cpu_to_be16p #define be16_to_cpup __be16_to_cpup #define cpu_to_le64s __cpu_to_le64s #define le64_to_cpus __le64_to_cpus #define cpu_to_le32s __cpu_to_le32s #define le32_to_cpus __le32_to_cpus #define cpu_to_le16s __cpu_to_le16s #define le16_to_cpus __le16_to_cpus #define cpu_to_be64s __cpu_to_be64s #define be64_to_cpus __be64_to_cpus #define cpu_to_be32s __cpu_to_be32s #define be32_to_cpus __be32_to_cpus #define cpu_to_be16s __cpu_to_be16s #define be16_to_cpus __be16_to_cpus /* * They have to be macros in order to do the constant folding * correctly - if the argument passed into a inline function * it is no longer constant according to gcc.. */ #undef ntohl #undef ntohs #undef htonl #undef htons #define ___htonl(x) __cpu_to_be32(x) #define ___htons(x) __cpu_to_be16(x) #define ___ntohl(x) __be32_to_cpu(x) #define ___ntohs(x) __be16_to_cpu(x) #define htonl(x) ___htonl(x) #define ntohl(x) ___ntohl(x) #define htons(x) ___htons(x) #define ntohs(x) ___ntohs(x) static inline void le16_add_cpu(__le16 *var, u16 val) { *var = cpu_to_le16(le16_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void le32_add_cpu(__le32 *var, u32 val) { *var = cpu_to_le32(le32_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void le64_add_cpu(__le64 *var, u64 val) { *var = cpu_to_le64(le64_to_cpu(*var) + val); } /* XXX: this stuff can be optimized */ static inline void le32_to_cpu_array(u32 *buf, unsigned int words) { while (words--) { __le32_to_cpus(buf); buf++; } } static inline void cpu_to_le32_array(u32 *buf, unsigned int words) { while (words--) { __cpu_to_le32s(buf); buf++; } } static inline void be16_add_cpu(__be16 *var, u16 val) { *var = cpu_to_be16(be16_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void be32_add_cpu(__be32 *var, u32 val) { *var = cpu_to_be32(be32_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void be64_add_cpu(__be64 *var, u64 val) { *var = cpu_to_be64(be64_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void cpu_to_be32_array(__be32 *dst, const u32 *src, size_t len) { int i; for (i = 0; i < len; i++) dst[i] = cpu_to_be32(src[i]); } static inline void be32_to_cpu_array(u32 *dst, const __be32 *src, size_t len) { int i; for (i = 0; i < len; i++) dst[i] = be32_to_cpu(src[i]); } #endif /* _LINUX_BYTEORDER_GENERIC_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_RTNETLINK_H #define __LINUX_RTNETLINK_H #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <uapi/linux/rtnetlink.h> extern int rtnetlink_send(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, u32 pid, u32 group, int echo); extern int rtnl_unicast(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, u32 pid); extern void rtnl_notify(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net *net, u32 pid, u32 group, struct nlmsghdr *nlh, gfp_t flags); extern void rtnl_set_sk_err(struct net *net, u32 group, int error); extern int rtnetlink_put_metrics(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 *metrics); extern int rtnl_put_cacheinfo(struct sk_buff *skb, struct dst_entry *dst, u32 id, long expires, u32 error); void rtmsg_ifinfo(int type, struct net_device *dev, unsigned change, gfp_t flags); void rtmsg_ifinfo_newnet(int type, struct net_device *dev, unsigned int change, gfp_t flags, int *new_nsid, int new_ifindex); struct sk_buff *rtmsg_ifinfo_build_skb(int type, struct net_device *dev, unsigned change, u32 event, gfp_t flags, int *new_nsid, int new_ifindex); void rtmsg_ifinfo_send(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, gfp_t flags); /* RTNL is used as a global lock for all changes to network configuration */ extern void rtnl_lock(void); extern void rtnl_unlock(void); extern int rtnl_trylock(void); extern int rtnl_is_locked(void); extern int rtnl_lock_killable(void); extern bool refcount_dec_and_rtnl_lock(refcount_t *r); extern wait_queue_head_t netdev_unregistering_wq; extern struct rw_semaphore pernet_ops_rwsem; extern struct rw_semaphore net_rwsem; #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING extern bool lockdep_rtnl_is_held(void); #else static inline bool lockdep_rtnl_is_held(void) { return true; } #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */ /** * rcu_dereference_rtnl - rcu_dereference with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * Do an rcu_dereference(p), but check caller either holds rcu_read_lock() * or RTNL. Note : Please prefer rtnl_dereference() or rcu_dereference() */ #define rcu_dereference_rtnl(p) \ rcu_dereference_check(p, lockdep_rtnl_is_held()) /** * rcu_dereference_bh_rtnl - rcu_dereference_bh with debug checking * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereference * * Do an rcu_dereference_bh(p), but check caller either holds rcu_read_lock_bh() * or RTNL. Note : Please prefer rtnl_dereference() or rcu_dereference_bh() */ #define rcu_dereference_bh_rtnl(p) \ rcu_dereference_bh_check(p, lockdep_rtnl_is_held()) /** * rtnl_dereference - fetch RCU pointer when updates are prevented by RTNL * @p: The pointer to read, prior to dereferencing * * Return the value of the specified RCU-protected pointer, but omit * the READ_ONCE(), because caller holds RTNL. */ #define rtnl_dereference(p) \ rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_rtnl_is_held()) static inline struct netdev_queue *dev_ingress_queue(struct net_device *dev) { return rtnl_dereference(dev->ingress_queue); } static inline struct netdev_queue *dev_ingress_queue_rcu(struct net_device *dev) { return rcu_dereference(dev->ingress_queue); } struct netdev_queue *dev_ingress_queue_create(struct net_device *dev); #ifdef CONFIG_NET_INGRESS void net_inc_ingress_queue(void); void net_dec_ingress_queue(void); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NET_EGRESS void net_inc_egress_queue(void); void net_dec_egress_queue(void); #endif void rtnetlink_init(void); void __rtnl_unlock(void); void rtnl_kfree_skbs(struct sk_buff *head, struct sk_buff *tail); #define ASSERT_RTNL() \ WARN_ONCE(!rtnl_is_locked(), \ "RTNL: assertion failed at %s (%d)\n", __FILE__, __LINE__) extern int ndo_dflt_fdb_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb, struct net_device *dev, struct net_device *filter_dev, int *idx); extern int ndo_dflt_fdb_add(struct ndmsg *ndm, struct nlattr *tb[], struct net_device *dev, const unsigned char *addr, u16 vid, u16 flags); extern int ndo_dflt_fdb_del(struct ndmsg *ndm, struct nlattr *tb[], struct net_device *dev, const unsigned char *addr, u16 vid); extern int ndo_dflt_bridge_getlink(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 pid, u32 seq, struct net_device *dev, u16 mode, u32 flags, u32 mask, int nlflags, u32 filter_mask, int (*vlan_fill)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev, u32 filter_mask)); #endif /* __LINUX_RTNETLINK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Copyright (C) 1994 Linus Torvalds * * Pentium III FXSR, SSE support * General FPU state handling cleanups * Gareth Hughes <gareth@valinux.com>, May 2000 */ #include <asm/fpu/internal.h> #include <asm/fpu/regset.h> #include <asm/fpu/signal.h> #include <asm/fpu/types.h> #include <asm/traps.h> #include <asm/irq_regs.h> #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/pkeys.h> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <asm/trace/fpu.h> /* * Represents the initial FPU state. It's mostly (but not completely) zeroes, * depending on the FPU hardware format: */ union fpregs_state init_fpstate __read_mostly; /* * Track whether the kernel is using the FPU state * currently. * * This flag is used: * * - by IRQ context code to potentially use the FPU * if it's unused. * * - to debug kernel_fpu_begin()/end() correctness */ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, in_kernel_fpu); /* * Track which context is using the FPU on the CPU: */ DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct fpu *, fpu_fpregs_owner_ctx); static bool kernel_fpu_disabled(void) { return this_cpu_read(in_kernel_fpu); } static bool interrupted_kernel_fpu_idle(void) { return !kernel_fpu_disabled(); } /* * Were we in user mode (or vm86 mode) when we were * interrupted? * * Doing kernel_fpu_begin/end() is ok if we are running * in an interrupt context from user mode - we'll just * save the FPU state as required. */ static bool interrupted_user_mode(void) { struct pt_regs *regs = get_irq_regs(); return regs && user_mode(regs); } /* * Can we use the FPU in kernel mode with the * whole "kernel_fpu_begin/end()" sequence? * * It's always ok in process context (ie "not interrupt") * but it is sometimes ok even from an irq. */ bool irq_fpu_usable(void) { return !in_interrupt() || interrupted_user_mode() || interrupted_kernel_fpu_idle(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(irq_fpu_usable); /* * These must be called with preempt disabled. Returns * 'true' if the FPU state is still intact and we can * keep registers active. * * The legacy FNSAVE instruction cleared all FPU state * unconditionally, so registers are essentially destroyed. * Modern FPU state can be kept in registers, if there are * no pending FP exceptions. */ int copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(struct fpu *fpu) { if (likely(use_xsave())) { copy_xregs_to_kernel(&fpu->state.xsave); /* * AVX512 state is tracked here because its use is * known to slow the max clock speed of the core. */ if (fpu->state.xsave.header.xfeatures & XFEATURE_MASK_AVX512) fpu->avx512_timestamp = jiffies; return 1; } if (likely(use_fxsr())) { copy_fxregs_to_kernel(fpu); return 1; } /* * Legacy FPU register saving, FNSAVE always clears FPU registers, * so we have to mark them inactive: */ asm volatile("fnsave %[fp]; fwait" : [fp] "=m" (fpu->state.fsave)); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(copy_fpregs_to_fpstate); void kernel_fpu_begin_mask(unsigned int kfpu_mask) { preempt_disable(); WARN_ON_FPU(!irq_fpu_usable()); WARN_ON_FPU(this_cpu_read(in_kernel_fpu)); this_cpu_write(in_kernel_fpu, true); if (!(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD) && !test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD)) { set_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); /* * Ignore return value -- we don't care if reg state * is clobbered. */ copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(&current->thread.fpu); } __cpu_invalidate_fpregs_state(); /* Put sane initial values into the control registers. */ if (likely(kfpu_mask & KFPU_MXCSR) && boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XMM)) ldmxcsr(MXCSR_DEFAULT); if (unlikely(kfpu_mask & KFPU_387) && boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) asm volatile ("fninit"); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kernel_fpu_begin_mask); void kernel_fpu_end(void) { WARN_ON_FPU(!this_cpu_read(in_kernel_fpu)); this_cpu_write(in_kernel_fpu, false); preempt_enable(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kernel_fpu_end); /* * Save the FPU state (mark it for reload if necessary): * * This only ever gets called for the current task. */ void fpu__save(struct fpu *fpu) { WARN_ON_FPU(fpu != &current->thread.fpu); fpregs_lock(); trace_x86_fpu_before_save(fpu); if (!test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD)) { if (!copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(fpu)) { copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&fpu->state); } } trace_x86_fpu_after_save(fpu); fpregs_unlock(); } /* * Legacy x87 fpstate state init: */ static inline void fpstate_init_fstate(struct fregs_state *fp) { fp->cwd = 0xffff037fu; fp->swd = 0xffff0000u; fp->twd = 0xffffffffu; fp->fos = 0xffff0000u; } void fpstate_init(union fpregs_state *state) { if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) { fpstate_init_soft(&state->soft); return; } memset(state, 0, fpu_kernel_xstate_size); if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XSAVES)) fpstate_init_xstate(&state->xsave); if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FXSR)) fpstate_init_fxstate(&state->fxsave); else fpstate_init_fstate(&state->fsave); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fpstate_init); int fpu__copy(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src) { struct fpu *dst_fpu = &dst->thread.fpu; struct fpu *src_fpu = &src->thread.fpu; dst_fpu->last_cpu = -1; if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) return 0; WARN_ON_FPU(src_fpu != &current->thread.fpu); /* * Don't let 'init optimized' areas of the XSAVE area * leak into the child task: */ memset(&dst_fpu->state.xsave, 0, fpu_kernel_xstate_size); /* * If the FPU registers are not current just memcpy() the state. * Otherwise save current FPU registers directly into the child's FPU * context, without any memory-to-memory copying. * * ( The function 'fails' in the FNSAVE case, which destroys * register contents so we have to load them back. ) */ fpregs_lock(); if (test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD)) memcpy(&dst_fpu->state, &src_fpu->state, fpu_kernel_xstate_size); else if (!copy_fpregs_to_fpstate(dst_fpu)) copy_kernel_to_fpregs(&dst_fpu->state); fpregs_unlock(); set_tsk_thread_flag(dst, TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); trace_x86_fpu_copy_src(src_fpu); trace_x86_fpu_copy_dst(dst_fpu); return 0; } /* * Activate the current task's in-memory FPU context, * if it has not been used before: */ static void fpu__initialize(struct fpu *fpu) { WARN_ON_FPU(fpu != &current->thread.fpu); set_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); fpstate_init(&fpu->state); trace_x86_fpu_init_state(fpu); } /* * This function must be called before we read a task's fpstate. * * There's two cases where this gets called: * * - for the current task (when coredumping), in which case we have * to save the latest FPU registers into the fpstate, * * - or it's called for stopped tasks (ptrace), in which case the * registers were already saved by the context-switch code when * the task scheduled out. * * If the task has used the FPU before then save it. */ void fpu__prepare_read(struct fpu *fpu) { if (fpu == &current->thread.fpu) fpu__save(fpu); } /* * This function must be called before we write a task's fpstate. * * Invalidate any cached FPU registers. * * After this function call, after registers in the fpstate are * modified and the child task has woken up, the child task will * restore the modified FPU state from the modified context. If we * didn't clear its cached status here then the cached in-registers * state pending on its former CPU could be restored, corrupting * the modifications. */ void fpu__prepare_write(struct fpu *fpu) { /* * Only stopped child tasks can be used to modify the FPU * state in the fpstate buffer: */ WARN_ON_FPU(fpu == &current->thread.fpu); /* Invalidate any cached state: */ __fpu_invalidate_fpregs_state(fpu); } /* * Drops current FPU state: deactivates the fpregs and * the fpstate. NOTE: it still leaves previous contents * in the fpregs in the eager-FPU case. * * This function can be used in cases where we know that * a state-restore is coming: either an explicit one, * or a reschedule. */ void fpu__drop(struct fpu *fpu) { preempt_disable(); if (fpu == &current->thread.fpu) { /* Ignore delayed exceptions from user space */ asm volatile("1: fwait\n" "2:\n" _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 2b)); fpregs_deactivate(fpu); } trace_x86_fpu_dropped(fpu); preempt_enable(); } /* * Clear FPU registers by setting them up from the init fpstate. * Caller must do fpregs_[un]lock() around it. */ static inline void copy_init_fpstate_to_fpregs(u64 features_mask) { if (use_xsave()) copy_kernel_to_xregs(&init_fpstate.xsave, features_mask); else if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FXSR)) copy_kernel_to_fxregs(&init_fpstate.fxsave); else copy_kernel_to_fregs(&init_fpstate.fsave); if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) copy_init_pkru_to_fpregs(); } /* * Clear the FPU state back to init state. * * Called by sys_execve(), by the signal handler code and by various * error paths. */ static void fpu__clear(struct fpu *fpu, bool user_only) { WARN_ON_FPU(fpu != &current->thread.fpu); if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) { fpu__drop(fpu); fpu__initialize(fpu); return; } fpregs_lock(); if (user_only) { if (!fpregs_state_valid(fpu, smp_processor_id()) && xfeatures_mask_supervisor()) copy_kernel_to_xregs(&fpu->state.xsave, xfeatures_mask_supervisor()); copy_init_fpstate_to_fpregs(xfeatures_mask_user()); } else { copy_init_fpstate_to_fpregs(xfeatures_mask_all); } fpregs_mark_activate(); fpregs_unlock(); } void fpu__clear_user_states(struct fpu *fpu) { fpu__clear(fpu, true); } void fpu__clear_all(struct fpu *fpu) { fpu__clear(fpu, false); } /* * Load FPU context before returning to userspace. */ void switch_fpu_return(void) { if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FPU)) return; __fpregs_load_activate(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(switch_fpu_return); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_DEBUG_FPU /* * If current FPU state according to its tracking (loaded FPU context on this * CPU) is not valid then we must have TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD set so the context is * loaded on return to userland. */ void fpregs_assert_state_consistent(void) { struct fpu *fpu = &current->thread.fpu; if (test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD)) return; WARN_ON_FPU(!fpregs_state_valid(fpu, smp_processor_id())); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fpregs_assert_state_consistent); #endif void fpregs_mark_activate(void) { struct fpu *fpu = &current->thread.fpu; fpregs_activate(fpu); fpu->last_cpu = smp_processor_id(); clear_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_FPU_LOAD); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fpregs_mark_activate); /* * x87 math exception handling: */ int fpu__exception_code(struct fpu *fpu, int trap_nr) { int err; if (trap_nr == X86_TRAP_MF) { unsigned short cwd, swd; /* * (~cwd & swd) will mask out exceptions that are not set to unmasked * status. 0x3f is the exception bits in these regs, 0x200 is the * C1 reg you need in case of a stack fault, 0x040 is the stack * fault bit. We should only be taking one exception at a time, * so if this combination doesn't produce any single exception, * then we have a bad program that isn't synchronizing its FPU usage * and it will suffer the consequences since we won't be able to * fully reproduce the context of the exception. */ if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_FXSR)) { cwd = fpu->state.fxsave.cwd; swd = fpu->state.fxsave.swd; } else { cwd = (unsigned short)fpu->state.fsave.cwd; swd = (unsigned short)fpu->state.fsave.swd; } err = swd & ~cwd; } else { /* * The SIMD FPU exceptions are handled a little differently, as there * is only a single status/control register. Thus, to determine which * unmasked exception was caught we must mask the exception mask bits * at 0x1f80, and then use these to mask the exception bits at 0x3f. */ unsigned short mxcsr = MXCSR_DEFAULT; if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XMM)) mxcsr = fpu->state.fxsave.mxcsr; err = ~(mxcsr >> 7) & mxcsr; } if (err & 0x001) { /* Invalid op */ /* * swd & 0x240 == 0x040: Stack Underflow * swd & 0x240 == 0x240: Stack Overflow * User must clear the SF bit (0x40) if set */ return FPE_FLTINV; } else if (err & 0x004) { /* Divide by Zero */ return FPE_FLTDIV; } else if (err & 0x008) { /* Overflow */ return FPE_FLTOVF; } else if (err & 0x012) { /* Denormal, Underflow */ return FPE_FLTUND; } else if (err & 0x020) { /* Precision */ return FPE_FLTRES; } /* * If we're using IRQ 13, or supposedly even some trap * X86_TRAP_MF implementations, it's possible * we get a spurious trap, which is not an error. */ return 0; }
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2621 2622 2623 2624 2625 2626 2627 2628 2629 2630 2631 2632 2633 2634 2635 2636 2637 2638 2639 2640 2641 2642 2643 2644 2645 2646 2647 2648 2649 2650 2651 2652 2653 2654 2655 2656 2657 2658 2659 2660 2661 2662 2663 2664 2665 2666 2667 2668 2669 2670 2671 2672 2673 2674 2675 2676 2677 2678 2679 2680 2681 2682 2683 2684 2685 2686 2687 2688 2689 2690 2691 2692 2693 2694 2695 2696 2697 2698 2699 2700 2701 2702 2703 2704 2705 2706 2707 2708 2709 2710 2711 2712 2713 2714 2715 2716 2717 2718 2719 2720 2721 2722 2723 2724 2725 2726 2727 2728 2729 2730 2731 2732 2733 2734 2735 2736 2737 2738 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the AF_INET socket handler. * * Version: @(#)sock.h 1.0.4 05/13/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> * Corey Minyard <wf-rch!minyard@relay.EU.net> * Florian La Roche <flla@stud.uni-sb.de> * * Fixes: * Alan Cox : Volatiles in skbuff pointers. See * skbuff comments. May be overdone, * better to prove they can be removed * than the reverse. * Alan Cox : Added a zapped field for tcp to note * a socket is reset and must stay shut up * Alan Cox : New fields for options * Pauline Middelink : identd support * Alan Cox : Eliminate low level recv/recvfrom * David S. Miller : New socket lookup architecture. * Steve Whitehouse: Default routines for sock_ops * Arnaldo C. Melo : removed net_pinfo, tp_pinfo and made * protinfo be just a void pointer, as the * protocol specific parts were moved to * respective headers and ipv4/v6, etc now * use private slabcaches for its socks * Pedro Hortas : New flags field for socket options */ #ifndef _SOCK_H #define _SOCK_H #include <linux/hardirq.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/list_nulls.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/cache.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> /* struct sk_buff */ #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/page_counter.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/static_key.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/cgroup-defs.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/filter.h> #include <linux/rculist_nulls.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/sockptr.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <net/dst.h> #include <net/checksum.h> #include <net/tcp_states.h> #include <linux/net_tstamp.h> #include <net/l3mdev.h> /* * This structure really needs to be cleaned up. * Most of it is for TCP, and not used by any of * the other protocols. */ /* Define this to get the SOCK_DBG debugging facility. */ #define SOCK_DEBUGGING #ifdef SOCK_DEBUGGING #define SOCK_DEBUG(sk, msg...) do { if ((sk) && sock_flag((sk), SOCK_DBG)) \ printk(KERN_DEBUG msg); } while (0) #else /* Validate arguments and do nothing */ static inline __printf(2, 3) void SOCK_DEBUG(const struct sock *sk, const char *msg, ...) { } #endif /* This is the per-socket lock. The spinlock provides a synchronization * between user contexts and software interrupt processing, whereas the * mini-semaphore synchronizes multiple users amongst themselves. */ typedef struct { spinlock_t slock; int owned; wait_queue_head_t wq; /* * We express the mutex-alike socket_lock semantics * to the lock validator by explicitly managing * the slock as a lock variant (in addition to * the slock itself): */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC struct lockdep_map dep_map; #endif } socket_lock_t; struct sock; struct proto; struct net; typedef __u32 __bitwise __portpair; typedef __u64 __bitwise __addrpair; /** * struct sock_common - minimal network layer representation of sockets * @skc_daddr: Foreign IPv4 addr * @skc_rcv_saddr: Bound local IPv4 addr * @skc_addrpair: 8-byte-aligned __u64 union of @skc_daddr & @skc_rcv_saddr * @skc_hash: hash value used with various protocol lookup tables * @skc_u16hashes: two u16 hash values used by UDP lookup tables * @skc_dport: placeholder for inet_dport/tw_dport * @skc_num: placeholder for inet_num/tw_num * @skc_portpair: __u32 union of @skc_dport & @skc_num * @skc_family: network address family * @skc_state: Connection state * @skc_reuse: %SO_REUSEADDR setting * @skc_reuseport: %SO_REUSEPORT setting * @skc_ipv6only: socket is IPV6 only * @skc_net_refcnt: socket is using net ref counting * @skc_bound_dev_if: bound device index if != 0 * @skc_bind_node: bind hash linkage for various protocol lookup tables * @skc_portaddr_node: second hash linkage for UDP/UDP-Lite protocol * @skc_prot: protocol handlers inside a network family * @skc_net: reference to the network namespace of this socket * @skc_v6_daddr: IPV6 destination address * @skc_v6_rcv_saddr: IPV6 source address * @skc_cookie: socket's cookie value * @skc_node: main hash linkage for various protocol lookup tables * @skc_nulls_node: main hash linkage for TCP/UDP/UDP-Lite protocol * @skc_tx_queue_mapping: tx queue number for this connection * @skc_rx_queue_mapping: rx queue number for this connection * @skc_flags: place holder for sk_flags * %SO_LINGER (l_onoff), %SO_BROADCAST, %SO_KEEPALIVE, * %SO_OOBINLINE settings, %SO_TIMESTAMPING settings * @skc_listener: connection request listener socket (aka rsk_listener) * [union with @skc_flags] * @skc_tw_dr: (aka tw_dr) ptr to &struct inet_timewait_death_row * [union with @skc_flags] * @skc_incoming_cpu: record/match cpu processing incoming packets * @skc_rcv_wnd: (aka rsk_rcv_wnd) TCP receive window size (possibly scaled) * [union with @skc_incoming_cpu] * @skc_tw_rcv_nxt: (aka tw_rcv_nxt) TCP window next expected seq number * [union with @skc_incoming_cpu] * @skc_refcnt: reference count * * This is the minimal network layer representation of sockets, the header * for struct sock and struct inet_timewait_sock. */ struct sock_common { /* skc_daddr and skc_rcv_saddr must be grouped on a 8 bytes aligned * address on 64bit arches : cf INET_MATCH() */ union { __addrpair skc_addrpair; struct { __be32 skc_daddr; __be32 skc_rcv_saddr; }; }; union { unsigned int skc_hash; __u16 skc_u16hashes[2]; }; /* skc_dport && skc_num must be grouped as well */ union { __portpair skc_portpair; struct { __be16 skc_dport; __u16 skc_num; }; }; unsigned short skc_family; volatile unsigned char skc_state; unsigned char s