1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Generic RTC interface. * This version contains the part of the user interface to the Real Time Clock * service. It is used with both the legacy mc146818 and also EFI * Struct rtc_time and first 12 ioctl by Paul Gortmaker, 1996 - separated out * from <linux/mc146818rtc.h> to this file for 2.4 kernels. * * Copyright (C) 1999 Hewlett-Packard Co. * Copyright (C) 1999 Stephane Eranian <eranian@hpl.hp.com> */ #ifndef _LINUX_RTC_H_ #define _LINUX_RTC_H_ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/nvmem-provider.h> #include <uapi/linux/rtc.h> extern int rtc_month_days(unsigned int month, unsigned int year); extern int rtc_year_days(unsigned int day, unsigned int month, unsigned int year); extern int rtc_valid_tm(struct rtc_time *tm); extern time64_t rtc_tm_to_time64(struct rtc_time *tm); extern void rtc_time64_to_tm(time64_t time, struct rtc_time *tm); ktime_t rtc_tm_to_ktime(struct rtc_time tm); struct rtc_time rtc_ktime_to_tm(ktime_t kt); /* * rtc_tm_sub - Return the difference in seconds. */ static inline time64_t rtc_tm_sub(struct rtc_time *lhs, struct rtc_time *rhs) { return rtc_tm_to_time64(lhs) - rtc_tm_to_time64(rhs); } #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/cdev.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timerqueue.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> extern struct class *rtc_class; /* * For these RTC methods the device parameter is the physical device * on whatever bus holds the hardware (I2C, Platform, SPI, etc), which * was passed to rtc_device_register(). Its driver_data normally holds * device state, including the rtc_device pointer for the RTC. * * Most of these methods are called with rtc_device.ops_lock held, * through the rtc_*(struct rtc_device *, ...) calls. * * The (current) exceptions are mostly filesystem hooks: * - the proc() hook for procfs */ struct rtc_class_ops { int (*ioctl)(struct device *, unsigned int, unsigned long); int (*read_time)(struct device *, struct rtc_time *); int (*set_time)(struct device *, struct rtc_time *); int (*read_alarm)(struct device *, struct rtc_wkalrm *); int (*set_alarm)(struct device *, struct rtc_wkalrm *); int (*proc)(struct device *, struct seq_file *); int (*alarm_irq_enable)(struct device *, unsigned int enabled); int (*read_offset)(struct device *, long *offset); int (*set_offset)(struct device *, long offset); }; struct rtc_device; struct rtc_timer { struct timerqueue_node node; ktime_t period; void (*func)(struct rtc_device *rtc); struct rtc_device *rtc; int enabled; }; /* flags */ #define RTC_DEV_BUSY 0 struct rtc_device { struct device dev; struct module *owner; int id; const struct rtc_class_ops *ops; struct mutex ops_lock; struct cdev char_dev; unsigned long flags; unsigned long irq_data; spinlock_t irq_lock; wait_queue_head_t irq_queue; struct fasync_struct *async_queue; int irq_freq; int max_user_freq; struct timerqueue_head timerqueue; struct rtc_timer aie_timer; struct rtc_timer uie_rtctimer; struct hrtimer pie_timer; /* sub second exp, so needs hrtimer */ int pie_enabled; struct work_struct irqwork; /* Some hardware can't support UIE mode */ int uie_unsupported; /* Number of nsec it takes to set the RTC clock. This influences when * the set ops are called. An offset: * - of 0.5 s will call RTC set for wall clock time 10.0 s at 9.5 s * - of 1.5 s will call RTC set for wall clock time 10.0 s at 8.5 s * - of -0.5 s will call RTC set for wall clock time 10.0 s at 10.5 s */ long set_offset_nsec; bool registered; /* Old ABI support */ bool nvram_old_abi; struct bin_attribute *nvram; time64_t range_min; timeu64_t range_max; time64_t start_secs; time64_t offset_secs; bool set_start_time; #ifdef CONFIG_RTC_INTF_DEV_UIE_EMUL struct work_struct uie_task; struct timer_list uie_timer; /* Those fields are protected by rtc->irq_lock */ unsigned int oldsecs; unsigned int uie_irq_active:1; unsigned int stop_uie_polling:1; unsigned int uie_task_active:1; unsigned int uie_timer_active:1; #endif }; #define to_rtc_device(d) container_of(d, struct rtc_device, dev) #define rtc_lock(d) mutex_lock(&d->ops_lock) #define rtc_unlock(d) mutex_unlock(&d->ops_lock) /* useful timestamps */ #define RTC_TIMESTAMP_BEGIN_0000 -62167219200ULL /* 0000-01-01 00:00:00 */ #define RTC_TIMESTAMP_BEGIN_1900 -2208988800LL /* 1900-01-01 00:00:00 */ #define RTC_TIMESTAMP_BEGIN_2000 946684800LL /* 2000-01-01 00:00:00 */ #define RTC_TIMESTAMP_END_2063 2966371199LL /* 2063-12-31 23:59:59 */ #define RTC_TIMESTAMP_END_2079 3471292799LL /* 2079-12-31 23:59:59 */ #define RTC_TIMESTAMP_END_2099 4102444799LL /* 2099-12-31 23:59:59 */ #define RTC_TIMESTAMP_END_2199 7258118399LL /* 2199-12-31 23:59:59 */ #define RTC_TIMESTAMP_END_9999 253402300799LL /* 9999-12-31 23:59:59 */ extern struct rtc_device *devm_rtc_device_register(struct device *dev, const char *name, const struct rtc_class_ops *ops, struct module *owner); struct rtc_device *devm_rtc_allocate_device(struct device *dev); int __rtc_register_device(struct module *owner, struct rtc_device *rtc); extern int rtc_read_time(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_time *tm); extern int rtc_set_time(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_time *tm); extern int rtc_set_ntp_time(struct timespec64 now, unsigned long *target_nsec); int __rtc_read_alarm(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_wkalrm *alarm); extern int rtc_read_alarm(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_wkalrm *alrm); extern int rtc_set_alarm(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_wkalrm *alrm); extern int rtc_initialize_alarm(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_wkalrm *alrm); extern void rtc_update_irq(struct rtc_device *rtc, unsigned long num, unsigned long events); extern struct rtc_device *rtc_class_open(const char *name); extern void rtc_class_close(struct rtc_device *rtc); extern int rtc_irq_set_state(struct rtc_device *rtc, int enabled); extern int rtc_irq_set_freq(struct rtc_device *rtc, int freq); extern int rtc_update_irq_enable(struct rtc_device *rtc, unsigned int enabled); extern int rtc_alarm_irq_enable(struct rtc_device *rtc, unsigned int enabled); extern int rtc_dev_update_irq_enable_emul(struct rtc_device *rtc, unsigned int enabled); void rtc_handle_legacy_irq(struct rtc_device *rtc, int num, int mode); void rtc_aie_update_irq(struct rtc_device *rtc); void rtc_uie_update_irq(struct rtc_device *rtc); enum hrtimer_restart rtc_pie_update_irq(struct hrtimer *timer); void rtc_timer_init(struct rtc_timer *timer, void (*f)(struct rtc_device *r), struct rtc_device *rtc); int rtc_timer_start(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_timer *timer, ktime_t expires, ktime_t period); void rtc_timer_cancel(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct rtc_timer *timer); int rtc_read_offset(struct rtc_device *rtc, long *offset); int rtc_set_offset(struct rtc_device *rtc, long offset); void rtc_timer_do_work(struct work_struct *work); static inline bool is_leap_year(unsigned int year) { return (!(year % 4) && (year % 100)) || !(year % 400); } /* Determine if we can call to driver to set the time. Drivers can only be * called to set a second aligned time value, and the field set_offset_nsec * specifies how far away from the second aligned time to call the driver. * * This also computes 'to_set' which is the time we are trying to set, and has * a zero in tv_nsecs, such that: * to_set - set_delay_nsec == now +/- FUZZ * */ static inline bool rtc_tv_nsec_ok(s64 set_offset_nsec, struct timespec64 *to_set, const struct timespec64 *now) { /* Allowed error in tv_nsec, arbitarily set to 5 jiffies in ns. */ const unsigned long TIME_SET_NSEC_FUZZ = TICK_NSEC * 5; struct timespec64 delay = {.tv_sec = 0, .tv_nsec = set_offset_nsec}; *to_set = timespec64_add(*now, delay); if (to_set->tv_nsec < TIME_SET_NSEC_FUZZ) { to_set->tv_nsec = 0; return true; } if (to_set->tv_nsec > NSEC_PER_SEC - TIME_SET_NSEC_FUZZ) { to_set->tv_sec++; to_set->tv_nsec = 0; return true; } return false; } #define rtc_register_device(device) \ __rtc_register_device(THIS_MODULE, device) #ifdef CONFIG_RTC_HCTOSYS_DEVICE extern int rtc_hctosys_ret; #else #define rtc_hctosys_ret -ENODEV #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RTC_NVMEM int rtc_nvmem_register(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct nvmem_config *nvmem_config); void rtc_nvmem_unregister(struct rtc_device *rtc); #else static inline int rtc_nvmem_register(struct rtc_device *rtc, struct nvmem_config *nvmem_config) { return 0; } static inline void rtc_nvmem_unregister(struct rtc_device *rtc) {} #endif #ifdef CONFIG_RTC_INTF_SYSFS int rtc_add_group(struct rtc_device *rtc, const struct attribute_group *grp); int rtc_add_groups(struct rtc_device *rtc, const struct attribute_group **grps); #else static inline int rtc_add_group(struct rtc_device *rtc, const struct attribute_group *grp) { return 0; } static inline int rtc_add_groups(struct rtc_device *rtc, const struct attribute_group **grps) { return 0; } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_RTC_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_WAIT_BIT_H #define _LINUX_WAIT_BIT_H /* * Linux wait-bit related types and methods: */ #include <linux/wait.h> struct wait_bit_key { void *flags; int bit_nr; unsigned long timeout; }; struct wait_bit_queue_entry { struct wait_bit_key key; struct wait_queue_entry wq_entry; }; #define __WAIT_BIT_KEY_INITIALIZER(word, bit) \ { .flags = word, .bit_nr = bit, } typedef int wait_bit_action_f(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode); void __wake_up_bit(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, void *word, int bit); int __wait_on_bit(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_bit_queue_entry *wbq_entry, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned int mode); int __wait_on_bit_lock(struct wait_queue_head *wq_head, struct wait_bit_queue_entry *wbq_entry, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned int mode); void wake_up_bit(void *word, int bit); int out_of_line_wait_on_bit(void *word, int, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned int mode); int out_of_line_wait_on_bit_timeout(void *word, int, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned int mode, unsigned long timeout); int out_of_line_wait_on_bit_lock(void *word, int, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned int mode); struct wait_queue_head *bit_waitqueue(void *word, int bit); extern void __init wait_bit_init(void); int wake_bit_function(struct wait_queue_entry *wq_entry, unsigned mode, int sync, void *key); #define DEFINE_WAIT_BIT(name, word, bit) \ struct wait_bit_queue_entry name = { \ .key = __WAIT_BIT_KEY_INITIALIZER(word, bit), \ .wq_entry = { \ .private = current, \ .func = wake_bit_function, \ .entry = \ LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wq_entry.entry), \ }, \ } extern int bit_wait(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode); extern int bit_wait_io(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode); extern int bit_wait_timeout(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode); extern int bit_wait_io_timeout(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode); /** * wait_on_bit - wait for a bit to be cleared * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * There is a standard hashed waitqueue table for generic use. This * is the part of the hashtable's accessor API that waits on a bit. * For instance, if one were to have waiters on a bitflag, one would * call wait_on_bit() in threads waiting for the bit to clear. * One uses wait_on_bit() where one is waiting for the bit to clear, * but has no intention of setting it. * Returned value will be zero if the bit was cleared, or non-zero * if the process received a signal and the mode permitted wakeup * on that signal. */ static inline int wait_on_bit(unsigned long *word, int bit, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit(word, bit, bit_wait, mode); } /** * wait_on_bit_io - wait for a bit to be cleared * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * Use the standard hashed waitqueue table to wait for a bit * to be cleared. This is similar to wait_on_bit(), but calls * io_schedule() instead of schedule() for the actual waiting. * * Returned value will be zero if the bit was cleared, or non-zero * if the process received a signal and the mode permitted wakeup * on that signal. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_io(unsigned long *word, int bit, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit(word, bit, bit_wait_io, mode); } /** * wait_on_bit_timeout - wait for a bit to be cleared or a timeout elapses * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @mode: the task state to sleep in * @timeout: timeout, in jiffies * * Use the standard hashed waitqueue table to wait for a bit * to be cleared. This is similar to wait_on_bit(), except also takes a * timeout parameter. * * Returned value will be zero if the bit was cleared before the * @timeout elapsed, or non-zero if the @timeout elapsed or process * received a signal and the mode permitted wakeup on that signal. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_timeout(unsigned long *word, int bit, unsigned mode, unsigned long timeout) { might_sleep(); if (!test_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit_timeout(word, bit, bit_wait_timeout, mode, timeout); } /** * wait_on_bit_action - wait for a bit to be cleared * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @action: the function used to sleep, which may take special actions * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * Use the standard hashed waitqueue table to wait for a bit * to be cleared, and allow the waiting action to be specified. * This is like wait_on_bit() but allows fine control of how the waiting * is done. * * Returned value will be zero if the bit was cleared, or non-zero * if the process received a signal and the mode permitted wakeup * on that signal. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_action(unsigned long *word, int bit, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit(word, bit, action, mode); } /** * wait_on_bit_lock - wait for a bit to be cleared, when wanting to set it * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * There is a standard hashed waitqueue table for generic use. This * is the part of the hashtable's accessor API that waits on a bit * when one intends to set it, for instance, trying to lock bitflags. * For instance, if one were to have waiters trying to set bitflag * and waiting for it to clear before setting it, one would call * wait_on_bit() in threads waiting to be able to set the bit. * One uses wait_on_bit_lock() where one is waiting for the bit to * clear with the intention of setting it, and when done, clearing it. * * Returns zero if the bit was (eventually) found to be clear and was * set. Returns non-zero if a signal was delivered to the process and * the @mode allows that signal to wake the process. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_lock(unsigned long *word, int bit, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_and_set_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit_lock(word, bit, bit_wait, mode); } /** * wait_on_bit_lock_io - wait for a bit to be cleared, when wanting to set it * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * Use the standard hashed waitqueue table to wait for a bit * to be cleared and then to atomically set it. This is similar * to wait_on_bit(), but calls io_schedule() instead of schedule() * for the actual waiting. * * Returns zero if the bit was (eventually) found to be clear and was * set. Returns non-zero if a signal was delivered to the process and * the @mode allows that signal to wake the process. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_lock_io(unsigned long *word, int bit, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_and_set_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit_lock(word, bit, bit_wait_io, mode); } /** * wait_on_bit_lock_action - wait for a bit to be cleared, when wanting to set it * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @action: the function used to sleep, which may take special actions * @mode: the task state to sleep in * * Use the standard hashed waitqueue table to wait for a bit * to be cleared and then to set it, and allow the waiting action * to be specified. * This is like wait_on_bit() but allows fine control of how the waiting * is done. * * Returns zero if the bit was (eventually) found to be clear and was * set. Returns non-zero if a signal was delivered to the process and * the @mode allows that signal to wake the process. */ static inline int wait_on_bit_lock_action(unsigned long *word, int bit, wait_bit_action_f *action, unsigned mode) { might_sleep(); if (!test_and_set_bit(bit, word)) return 0; return out_of_line_wait_on_bit_lock(word, bit, action, mode); } extern void init_wait_var_entry(struct wait_bit_queue_entry *wbq_entry, void *var, int flags); extern void wake_up_var(void *var); extern wait_queue_head_t *__var_waitqueue(void *p); #define ___wait_var_event(var, condition, state, exclusive, ret, cmd) \ ({ \ __label__ __out; \ struct wait_queue_head *__wq_head = __var_waitqueue(var); \ struct wait_bit_queue_entry __wbq_entry; \ long __ret = ret; /* explicit shadow */ \ \ init_wait_var_entry(&__wbq_entry, var, \ exclusive ? WQ_FLAG_EXCLUSIVE : 0); \ for (;;) { \ long __int = prepare_to_wait_event(__wq_head, \ &__wbq_entry.wq_entry, \ state); \ if (condition) \ break; \ \ if (___wait_is_interruptible(state) && __int) { \ __ret = __int; \ goto __out; \ } \ \ cmd; \ } \ finish_wait(__wq_head, &__wbq_entry.wq_entry); \ __out: __ret; \ }) #define __wait_var_event(var, condition) \ ___wait_var_event(var, condition, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, 0, 0, \ schedule()) #define wait_var_event(var, condition) \ do { \ might_sleep(); \ if (condition) \ break; \ __wait_var_event(var, condition); \ } while (0) #define __wait_var_event_killable(var, condition) \ ___wait_var_event(var, condition, TASK_KILLABLE, 0, 0, \ schedule()) #define wait_var_event_killable(var, condition) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_var_event_killable(var, condition); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_var_event_timeout(var, condition, timeout) \ ___wait_var_event(var, ___wait_cond_timeout(condition), \ TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE, 0, timeout, \ __ret = schedule_timeout(__ret)) #define wait_var_event_timeout(var, condition, timeout) \ ({ \ long __ret = timeout; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!___wait_cond_timeout(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_var_event_timeout(var, condition, timeout); \ __ret; \ }) #define __wait_var_event_interruptible(var, condition) \ ___wait_var_event(var, condition, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, 0, 0, \ schedule()) #define wait_var_event_interruptible(var, condition) \ ({ \ int __ret = 0; \ might_sleep(); \ if (!(condition)) \ __ret = __wait_var_event_interruptible(var, condition); \ __ret; \ }) /** * clear_and_wake_up_bit - clear a bit and wake up anyone waiting on that bit * * @bit: the bit of the word being waited on * @word: the word being waited on, a kernel virtual address * * You can use this helper if bitflags are manipulated atomically rather than * non-atomically under a lock. */ static inline void clear_and_wake_up_bit(int bit, void *word) { clear_bit_unlock(bit, word); /* See wake_up_bit() for which memory barrier you need to use. */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); wake_up_bit(word, bit); } #endif /* _LINUX_WAIT_BIT_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * linux/include/linux/sunrpc/addr.h * * Various routines for copying and comparing sockaddrs and for * converting them to and from presentation format. */ #ifndef _LINUX_SUNRPC_ADDR_H #define _LINUX_SUNRPC_ADDR_H #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/in.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> size_t rpc_ntop(const struct sockaddr *, char *, const size_t); size_t rpc_pton(struct net *, const char *, const size_t, struct sockaddr *, const size_t); char * rpc_sockaddr2uaddr(const struct sockaddr *, gfp_t); size_t rpc_uaddr2sockaddr(struct net *, const char *, const size_t, struct sockaddr *, const size_t); static inline unsigned short rpc_get_port(const struct sockaddr *sap) { switch (sap->sa_family) { case AF_INET: return ntohs(((struct sockaddr_in *)sap)->sin_port); case AF_INET6: return ntohs(((struct sockaddr_in6 *)sap)->sin6_port); } return 0; } static inline void rpc_set_port(struct sockaddr *sap, const unsigned short port) { switch (sap->sa_family) { case AF_INET: ((struct sockaddr_in *)sap)->sin_port = htons(port); break; case AF_INET6: ((struct sockaddr_in6 *)sap)->sin6_port = htons(port); break; } } #define IPV6_SCOPE_DELIMITER '%' #define IPV6_SCOPE_ID_LEN sizeof("%nnnnnnnnnn") static inline bool rpc_cmp_addr4(const struct sockaddr *sap1, const struct sockaddr *sap2) { const struct sockaddr_in *sin1 = (const struct sockaddr_in *)sap1; const struct sockaddr_in *sin2 = (const struct sockaddr_in *)sap2; return sin1->sin_addr.s_addr == sin2->sin_addr.s_addr; } static inline bool __rpc_copy_addr4(struct sockaddr *dst, const struct sockaddr *src) { const struct sockaddr_in *ssin = (struct sockaddr_in *) src; struct sockaddr_in *dsin = (struct sockaddr_in *) dst; dsin->sin_family = ssin->sin_family; dsin->sin_addr.s_addr = ssin->sin_addr.s_addr; return true; } #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) static inline bool rpc_cmp_addr6(const struct sockaddr *sap1, const struct sockaddr *sap2) { const struct sockaddr_in6 *sin1 = (const struct sockaddr_in6 *)sap1; const struct sockaddr_in6 *sin2 = (const struct sockaddr_in6 *)sap2; if (!ipv6_addr_equal(&sin1->sin6_addr, &sin2->sin6_addr)) return false; else if (ipv6_addr_type(&sin1->sin6_addr) & IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL) return sin1->sin6_scope_id == sin2->sin6_scope_id; return true; } static inline bool __rpc_copy_addr6(struct sockaddr *dst, const struct sockaddr *src) { const struct sockaddr_in6 *ssin6 = (const struct sockaddr_in6 *) src; struct sockaddr_in6 *dsin6 = (struct sockaddr_in6 *) dst; dsin6->sin6_family = ssin6->sin6_family; dsin6->sin6_addr = ssin6->sin6_addr; dsin6->sin6_scope_id = ssin6->sin6_scope_id; return true; } #else /* !(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) */ static inline bool rpc_cmp_addr6(const struct sockaddr *sap1, const struct sockaddr *sap2) { return false; } static inline bool __rpc_copy_addr6(struct sockaddr *dst, const struct sockaddr *src) { return false; } #endif /* !(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) */ /** * rpc_cmp_addr - compare the address portion of two sockaddrs. * @sap1: first sockaddr * @sap2: second sockaddr * * Just compares the family and address portion. Ignores port, but * compares the scope if it's a link-local address. * * Returns true if the addrs are equal, false if they aren't. */ static inline bool rpc_cmp_addr(const struct sockaddr *sap1, const struct sockaddr *sap2) { if (sap1->sa_family == sap2->sa_family) { switch (sap1->sa_family) { case AF_INET: return rpc_cmp_addr4(sap1, sap2); case AF_INET6: return rpc_cmp_addr6(sap1, sap2); } } return false; } /** * rpc_cmp_addr_port - compare the address and port number of two sockaddrs. * @sap1: first sockaddr * @sap2: second sockaddr */ static inline bool rpc_cmp_addr_port(const struct sockaddr *sap1, const struct sockaddr *sap2) { if (!rpc_cmp_addr(sap1, sap2)) return false; return rpc_get_port(sap1) == rpc_get_port(sap2); } /** * rpc_copy_addr - copy the address portion of one sockaddr to another * @dst: destination sockaddr * @src: source sockaddr * * Just copies the address portion and family. Ignores port, scope, etc. * Caller is responsible for making certain that dst is large enough to hold * the address in src. Returns true if address family is supported. Returns * false otherwise. */ static inline bool rpc_copy_addr(struct sockaddr *dst, const struct sockaddr *src) { switch (src->sa_family) { case AF_INET: return __rpc_copy_addr4(dst, src); case AF_INET6: return __rpc_copy_addr6(dst, src); } return false; } /** * rpc_get_scope_id - return scopeid for a given sockaddr * @sa: sockaddr to get scopeid from * * Returns the value of the sin6_scope_id for AF_INET6 addrs, or 0 if * not an AF_INET6 address. */ static inline u32 rpc_get_scope_id(const struct sockaddr *sa) { if (sa->sa_family != AF_INET6) return 0; return ((struct sockaddr_in6 *) sa)->sin6_scope_id; } #endif /* _LINUX_SUNRPC_ADDR_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/mman.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h> #include <linux/elf.h> #include <linux/elf-randomize.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/random.h> #include <linux/processor.h> #include <linux/sizes.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include "internal.h" /** * kfree_const - conditionally free memory * @x: pointer to the memory * * Function calls kfree only if @x is not in .rodata section. */ void kfree_const(const void *x) { if (!is_kernel_rodata((unsigned long)x)) kfree(x); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kfree_const); /** * kstrdup - allocate space for and copy an existing string * @s: the string to duplicate * @gfp: the GFP mask used in the kmalloc() call when allocating memory * * Return: newly allocated copy of @s or %NULL in case of error */ char *kstrdup(const char *s, gfp_t gfp) { size_t len; char *buf; if (!s) return NULL; len = strlen(s) + 1; buf = kmalloc_track_caller(len, gfp); if (buf) memcpy(buf, s, len); return buf; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kstrdup); /** * kstrdup_const - conditionally duplicate an existing const string * @s: the string to duplicate * @gfp: the GFP mask used in the kmalloc() call when allocating memory * * Note: Strings allocated by kstrdup_const should be freed by kfree_const and * must not be passed to krealloc(). * * Return: source string if it is in .rodata section otherwise * fallback to kstrdup. */ const char *kstrdup_const(const char *s, gfp_t gfp) { if (is_kernel_rodata((unsigned long)s)) return s; return kstrdup(s, gfp); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kstrdup_const); /** * kstrndup - allocate space for and copy an existing string * @s: the string to duplicate * @max: read at most @max chars from @s * @gfp: the GFP mask used in the kmalloc() call when allocating memory * * Note: Use kmemdup_nul() instead if the size is known exactly. * * Return: newly allocated copy of @s or %NULL in case of error */ char *kstrndup(const char *s, size_t max, gfp_t gfp) { size_t len; char *buf; if (!s) return NULL; len = strnlen(s, max); buf = kmalloc_track_caller(len+1, gfp); if (buf) { memcpy(buf, s, len); buf[len] = '\0'; } return buf; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kstrndup); /** * kmemdup - duplicate region of memory * * @src: memory region to duplicate * @len: memory region length * @gfp: GFP mask to use * * Return: newly allocated copy of @src or %NULL in case of error */ void *kmemdup(const void *src, size_t len, gfp_t gfp) { void *p; p = kmalloc_track_caller(len, gfp); if (p) memcpy(p, src, len); return p; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmemdup); /** * kmemdup_nul - Create a NUL-terminated string from unterminated data * @s: The data to stringify * @len: The size of the data * @gfp: the GFP mask used in the kmalloc() call when allocating memory * * Return: newly allocated copy of @s with NUL-termination or %NULL in * case of error */ char *kmemdup_nul(const char *s, size_t len, gfp_t gfp) { char *buf; if (!s) return NULL; buf = kmalloc_track_caller(len + 1, gfp); if (buf) { memcpy(buf, s, len); buf[len] = '\0'; } return buf; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmemdup_nul); /** * memdup_user - duplicate memory region from user space * * @src: source address in user space * @len: number of bytes to copy * * Return: an ERR_PTR() on failure. Result is physically * contiguous, to be freed by kfree(). */ void *memdup_user(const void __user *src, size_t len) { void *p; p = kmalloc_track_caller(len, GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!p) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (copy_from_user(p, src, len)) { kfree(p); return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); } return p; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(memdup_user); /** * vmemdup_user - duplicate memory region from user space * * @src: source address in user space * @len: number of bytes to copy * * Return: an ERR_PTR() on failure. Result may be not * physically contiguous. Use kvfree() to free. */ void *vmemdup_user(const void __user *src, size_t len) { void *p; p = kvmalloc(len, GFP_USER); if (!p) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (copy_from_user(p, src, len)) { kvfree(p); return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); } return p; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmemdup_user); /** * strndup_user - duplicate an existing string from user space * @s: The string to duplicate * @n: Maximum number of bytes to copy, including the trailing NUL. * * Return: newly allocated copy of @s or an ERR_PTR() in case of error */ char *strndup_user(const char __user *s, long n) { char *p; long length; length = strnlen_user(s, n); if (!length) return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); if (length > n) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); p = memdup_user(s, length); if (IS_ERR(p)) return p; p[length - 1] = '\0'; return p; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(strndup_user); /** * memdup_user_nul - duplicate memory region from user space and NUL-terminate * * @src: source address in user space * @len: number of bytes to copy * * Return: an ERR_PTR() on failure. */ void *memdup_user_nul(const void __user *src, size_t len) { char *p; /* * Always use GFP_KERNEL, since copy_from_user() can sleep and * cause pagefault, which makes it pointless to use GFP_NOFS * or GFP_ATOMIC. */ p = kmalloc_track_caller(len + 1, GFP_KERNEL); if (!p) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (copy_from_user(p, src, len)) { kfree(p); return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); } p[len] = '\0'; return p; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(memdup_user_nul); void __vma_link_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev) { struct vm_area_struct *next; vma->vm_prev = prev; if (prev) { next = prev->vm_next; prev->vm_next = vma; } else { next = mm->mmap; mm->mmap = vma; } vma->vm_next = next; if (next) next->vm_prev = vma; } void __vma_unlink_list(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct vm_area_struct *prev, *next; next = vma->vm_next; prev = vma->vm_prev; if (prev) prev->vm_next = next; else mm->mmap = next; if (next) next->vm_prev = prev; } /* Check if the vma is being used as a stack by this task */ int vma_is_stack_for_current(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct task_struct * __maybe_unused t = current; return (vma->vm_start <= KSTK_ESP(t) && vma->vm_end >= KSTK_ESP(t)); } #ifndef STACK_RND_MASK #define STACK_RND_MASK (0x7ff >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 12)) /* 8MB of VA */ #endif unsigned long randomize_stack_top(unsigned long stack_top) { unsigned long random_variable = 0; if (current->flags & PF_RANDOMIZE) { random_variable = get_random_long(); random_variable &= STACK_RND_MASK; random_variable <<= PAGE_SHIFT; } #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return PAGE_ALIGN(stack_top) + random_variable; #else return PAGE_ALIGN(stack_top) - random_variable; #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_DEFAULT_TOPDOWN_MMAP_LAYOUT unsigned long arch_randomize_brk(struct mm_struct *mm) { /* Is the current task 32bit ? */ if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_64BIT) || is_compat_task()) return randomize_page(mm->brk, SZ_32M); return randomize_page(mm->brk, SZ_1G); } unsigned long arch_mmap_rnd(void) { unsigned long rnd; #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS if (is_compat_task()) rnd = get_random_long() & ((1UL << mmap_rnd_compat_bits) - 1); else #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS */ rnd = get_random_long() & ((1UL << mmap_rnd_bits) - 1); return rnd << PAGE_SHIFT; } static int mmap_is_legacy(struct rlimit *rlim_stack) { if (current->personality & ADDR_COMPAT_LAYOUT) return 1; if (rlim_stack->rlim_cur == RLIM_INFINITY) return 1; return sysctl_legacy_va_layout; } /* * Leave enough space between the mmap area and the stack to honour ulimit in * the face of randomisation. */ #define MIN_GAP (SZ_128M) #define MAX_GAP (STACK_TOP / 6 * 5) static unsigned long mmap_base(unsigned long rnd, struct rlimit *rlim_stack) { unsigned long gap = rlim_stack->rlim_cur; unsigned long pad = stack_guard_gap; /* Account for stack randomization if necessary */ if (current->flags & PF_RANDOMIZE) pad += (STACK_RND_MASK << PAGE_SHIFT); /* Values close to RLIM_INFINITY can overflow. */ if (gap + pad > gap) gap += pad; if (gap < MIN_GAP) gap = MIN_GAP; else if (gap > MAX_GAP) gap = MAX_GAP; return PAGE_ALIGN(STACK_TOP - gap - rnd); } void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm, struct rlimit *rlim_stack) { unsigned long random_factor = 0UL; if (current->flags & PF_RANDOMIZE) random_factor = arch_mmap_rnd(); if (mmap_is_legacy(rlim_stack)) { mm->mmap_base = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE + random_factor; mm->get_unmapped_area = arch_get_unmapped_area; } else { mm->mmap_base = mmap_base(random_factor, rlim_stack); mm->get_unmapped_area = arch_get_unmapped_area_topdown; } } #elif defined(CONFIG_MMU) && !defined(HAVE_ARCH_PICK_MMAP_LAYOUT) void arch_pick_mmap_layout(struct mm_struct *mm, struct rlimit *rlim_stack) { mm->mmap_base = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE; mm->get_unmapped_area = arch_get_unmapped_area; } #endif /** * __account_locked_vm - account locked pages to an mm's locked_vm * @mm: mm to account against * @pages: number of pages to account * @inc: %true if @pages should be considered positive, %false if not * @task: task used to check RLIMIT_MEMLOCK * @bypass_rlim: %true if checking RLIMIT_MEMLOCK should be skipped * * Assumes @task and @mm are valid (i.e. at least one reference on each), and * that mmap_lock is held as writer. * * Return: * * 0 on success * * -ENOMEM if RLIMIT_MEMLOCK would be exceeded. */ int __account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc, struct task_struct *task, bool bypass_rlim) { unsigned long locked_vm, limit; int ret = 0; mmap_assert_write_locked(mm); locked_vm = mm->locked_vm; if (inc) { if (!bypass_rlim) { limit = task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (locked_vm + pages > limit) ret = -ENOMEM; } if (!ret) mm->locked_vm = locked_vm + pages; } else { WARN_ON_ONCE(pages > locked_vm); mm->locked_vm = locked_vm - pages; } pr_debug("%s: [%d] caller %ps %c%lu %lu/%lu%s\n", __func__, task->pid, (void *)_RET_IP_, (inc) ? '+' : '-', pages << PAGE_SHIFT, locked_vm << PAGE_SHIFT, task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK), ret ? " - exceeded" : ""); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__account_locked_vm); /** * account_locked_vm - account locked pages to an mm's locked_vm * @mm: mm to account against, may be NULL * @pages: number of pages to account * @inc: %true if @pages should be considered positive, %false if not * * Assumes a non-NULL @mm is valid (i.e. at least one reference on it). * * Return: * * 0 on success, or if mm is NULL * * -ENOMEM if RLIMIT_MEMLOCK would be exceeded. */ int account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc) { int ret; if (pages == 0 || !mm) return 0; mmap_write_lock(mm); ret = __account_locked_vm(mm, pages, inc, current, capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK)); mmap_write_unlock(mm); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(account_locked_vm); unsigned long vm_mmap_pgoff(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flag, unsigned long pgoff) { unsigned long ret; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; unsigned long populate; LIST_HEAD(uf); ret = security_mmap_file(file, prot, flag); if (!ret) { if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm)) return -EINTR; ret = do_mmap(file, addr, len, prot, flag, pgoff, &populate, &uf); mmap_write_unlock(mm); userfaultfd_unmap_complete(mm, &uf); if (populate) mm_populate(ret, populate); } return ret; } unsigned long vm_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long prot, unsigned long flag, unsigned long offset) { if (unlikely(offset + PAGE_ALIGN(len) < offset)) return -EINVAL; if (unlikely(offset_in_page(offset))) return -EINVAL; return vm_mmap_pgoff(file, addr, len, prot, flag, offset >> PAGE_SHIFT); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_mmap); /** * kvmalloc_node - attempt to allocate physically contiguous memory, but upon * failure, fall back to non-contiguous (vmalloc) allocation. * @size: size of the request. * @flags: gfp mask for the allocation - must be compatible (superset) with GFP_KERNEL. * @node: numa node to allocate from * * Uses kmalloc to get the memory but if the allocation fails then falls back * to the vmalloc allocator. Use kvfree for freeing the memory. * * Reclaim modifiers - __GFP_NORETRY and __GFP_NOFAIL are not supported. * __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL is supported, and it should be used only if kmalloc is * preferable to the vmalloc fallback, due to visible performance drawbacks. * * Please note that any use of gfp flags outside of GFP_KERNEL is careful to not * fall back to vmalloc. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory of %NULL in case of failure */ void *kvmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { gfp_t kmalloc_flags = flags; void *ret; /* * vmalloc uses GFP_KERNEL for some internal allocations (e.g page tables) * so the given set of flags has to be compatible. */ if ((flags & GFP_KERNEL) != GFP_KERNEL) return kmalloc_node(size, flags, node); /* * We want to attempt a large physically contiguous block first because * it is less likely to fragment multiple larger blocks and therefore * contribute to a long term fragmentation less than vmalloc fallback. * However make sure that larger requests are not too disruptive - no * OOM killer and no allocation failure warnings as we have a fallback. */ if (size > PAGE_SIZE) { kmalloc_flags |= __GFP_NOWARN; if (!(kmalloc_flags & __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL)) kmalloc_flags |= __GFP_NORETRY; } ret = kmalloc_node(size, kmalloc_flags, node); /* * It doesn't really make sense to fallback to vmalloc for sub page * requests */ if (ret || size <= PAGE_SIZE) return ret; /* Don't even allow crazy sizes */ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(size > INT_MAX)) return NULL; return __vmalloc_node(size, 1, flags, node, __builtin_return_address(0)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kvmalloc_node); /** * kvfree() - Free memory. * @addr: Pointer to allocated memory. * * kvfree frees memory allocated by any of vmalloc(), kmalloc() or kvmalloc(). * It is slightly more efficient to use kfree() or vfree() if you are certain * that you know which one to use. * * Context: Either preemptible task context or not-NMI interrupt. */ void kvfree(const void *addr) { if (is_vmalloc_addr(addr)) vfree(addr); else kfree(addr); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kvfree); /** * kvfree_sensitive - Free a data object containing sensitive information. * @addr: address of the data object to be freed. * @len: length of the data object. * * Use the special memzero_explicit() function to clear the content of a * kvmalloc'ed object containing sensitive data to make sure that the * compiler won't optimize out the data clearing. */ void kvfree_sensitive(const void *addr, size_t len) { if (likely(!ZERO_OR_NULL_PTR(addr))) { memzero_explicit((void *)addr, len); kvfree(addr); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kvfree_sensitive); static inline void *__page_rmapping(struct page *page) { unsigned long mapping; mapping = (unsigned long)page->mapping; mapping &= ~PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS; return (void *)mapping; } /* Neutral page->mapping pointer to address_space or anon_vma or other */ void *page_rmapping(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); return __page_rmapping(page); } /* * Return true if this page is mapped into pagetables. * For compound page it returns true if any subpage of compound page is mapped. */ bool page_mapped(struct page *page) { int i; if (likely(!PageCompound(page))) return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) >= 0; page = compound_head(page); if (atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(page)) >= 0) return true; if (PageHuge(page)) return false; for (i = 0; i < compound_nr(page); i++) { if (atomic_read(&page[i]._mapcount) >= 0) return true; } return false; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_mapped); struct anon_vma *page_anon_vma(struct page *page) { unsigned long mapping; page = compound_head(page); mapping = (unsigned long)page->mapping; if ((mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS) != PAGE_MAPPING_ANON) return NULL; return __page_rmapping(page); } struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page) { struct address_space *mapping; page = compound_head(page); /* This happens if someone calls flush_dcache_page on slab page */ if (unlikely(PageSlab(page))) return NULL; if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) { swp_entry_t entry; entry.val = page_private(page); return swap_address_space(entry); } mapping = page->mapping; if ((unsigned long)mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_ANON) return NULL; return (void *)((unsigned long)mapping & ~PAGE_MAPPING_FLAGS); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(page_mapping); /* * For file cache pages, return the address_space, otherwise return NULL */ struct address_space *page_mapping_file(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return NULL; return page_mapping(page); } /* Slow path of page_mapcount() for compound pages */ int __page_mapcount(struct page *page) { int ret; ret = atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) + 1; /* * For file THP page->_mapcount contains total number of mapping * of the page: no need to look into compound_mapcount. */ if (!PageAnon(page) && !PageHuge(page)) return ret; page = compound_head(page); ret += atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(page)) + 1; if (PageDoubleMap(page)) ret--; return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__page_mapcount); int sysctl_overcommit_memory __read_mostly = OVERCOMMIT_GUESS; int sysctl_overcommit_ratio __read_mostly = 50; unsigned long sysctl_overcommit_kbytes __read_mostly; int sysctl_max_map_count __read_mostly = DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT; unsigned long sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes __read_mostly = 1UL << 17; /* 128MB */ unsigned long sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes __read_mostly = 1UL << 13; /* 8MB */ int overcommit_ratio_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; ret = proc_dointvec(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (ret == 0 && write) sysctl_overcommit_kbytes = 0; return ret; } static void sync_overcommit_as(struct work_struct *dummy) { percpu_counter_sync(&vm_committed_as); } int overcommit_policy_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { struct ctl_table t; int new_policy = -1; int ret; /* * The deviation of sync_overcommit_as could be big with loose policy * like OVERCOMMIT_ALWAYS/OVERCOMMIT_GUESS. When changing policy to * strict OVERCOMMIT_NEVER, we need to reduce the deviation to comply * with the strict "NEVER", and to avoid possible race condtion (even * though user usually won't too frequently do the switching to policy * OVERCOMMIT_NEVER), the switch is done in the following order: * 1. changing the batch * 2. sync percpu count on each CPU * 3. switch the policy */ if (write) { t = *table; t.data = &new_policy; ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(&t, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (ret || new_policy == -1) return ret; mm_compute_batch(new_policy); if (new_policy == OVERCOMMIT_NEVER) schedule_on_each_cpu(sync_overcommit_as); sysctl_overcommit_memory = new_policy; } else { ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); } return ret; } int overcommit_kbytes_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos) { int ret; ret = proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos); if (ret == 0 && write) sysctl_overcommit_ratio = 0; return ret; } /* * Committed memory limit enforced when OVERCOMMIT_NEVER policy is used */ unsigned long vm_commit_limit(void) { unsigned long allowed; if (sysctl_overcommit_kbytes) allowed = sysctl_overcommit_kbytes >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); else allowed = ((totalram_pages() - hugetlb_total_pages()) * sysctl_overcommit_ratio / 100); allowed += total_swap_pages; return allowed; } /* * Make sure vm_committed_as in one cacheline and not cacheline shared with * other variables. It can be updated by several CPUs frequently. */ struct percpu_counter vm_committed_as ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* * The global memory commitment made in the system can be a metric * that can be used to drive ballooning decisions when Linux is hosted * as a guest. On Hyper-V, the host implements a policy engine for dynamically * balancing memory across competing virtual machines that are hosted. * Several metrics drive this policy engine including the guest reported * memory commitment. * * The time cost of this is very low for small platforms, and for big * platform like a 2S/36C/72T Skylake server, in worst case where * vm_committed_as's spinlock is under severe contention, the time cost * could be about 30~40 microseconds. */ unsigned long vm_memory_committed(void) { return percpu_counter_sum_positive(&vm_committed_as); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vm_memory_committed); /* * Check that a process has enough memory to allocate a new virtual * mapping. 0 means there is enough memory for the allocation to * succeed and -ENOMEM implies there is not. * * We currently support three overcommit policies, which are set via the * vm.overcommit_memory sysctl. See Documentation/vm/overcommit-accounting.rst * * Strict overcommit modes added 2002 Feb 26 by Alan Cox. * Additional code 2002 Jul 20 by Robert Love. * * cap_sys_admin is 1 if the process has admin privileges, 0 otherwise. * * Note this is a helper function intended to be used by LSMs which * wish to use this logic. */ int __vm_enough_memory(struct mm_struct *mm, long pages, int cap_sys_admin) { long allowed; vm_acct_memory(pages); /* * Sometimes we want to use more memory than we have */ if (sysctl_overcommit_memory == OVERCOMMIT_ALWAYS) return 0; if (sysctl_overcommit_memory == OVERCOMMIT_GUESS) { if (pages > totalram_pages() + total_swap_pages) goto error; return 0; } allowed = vm_commit_limit(); /* * Reserve some for root */ if (!cap_sys_admin) allowed -= sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); /* * Don't let a single process grow so big a user can't recover */ if (mm) { long reserve = sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10); allowed -= min_t(long, mm->total_vm / 32, reserve); } if (percpu_counter_read_positive(&vm_committed_as) < allowed) return 0; error: vm_unacct_memory(pages); return -ENOMEM; } /** * get_cmdline() - copy the cmdline value to a buffer. * @task: the task whose cmdline value to copy. * @buffer: the buffer to copy to. * @buflen: the length of the buffer. Larger cmdline values are truncated * to this length. * * Return: the size of the cmdline field copied. Note that the copy does * not guarantee an ending NULL byte. */ int get_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer, int buflen) { int res = 0; unsigned int len; struct mm_struct *mm = get_task_mm(task); unsigned long arg_start, arg_end, env_start, env_end; if (!mm) goto out; if (!mm->arg_end) goto out_mm; /* Shh! No looking before we're done */ spin_lock(&mm->arg_lock); arg_start = mm->arg_start; arg_end = mm->arg_end; env_start = mm->env_start; env_end = mm->env_end; spin_unlock(&mm->arg_lock); len = arg_end - arg_start; if (len > buflen) len = buflen; res = access_process_vm(task, arg_start, buffer, len, FOLL_FORCE); /* * If the nul at the end of args has been overwritten, then * assume application is using setproctitle(3). */ if (res > 0 && buffer[res-1] != '\0' && len < buflen) { len = strnlen(buffer, res); if (len < res) { res = len; } else { len = env_end - env_start; if (len > buflen - res) len = buflen - res; res += access_process_vm(task, env_start, buffer+res, len, FOLL_FORCE); res = strnlen(buffer, res); } } out_mm: mmput(mm); out: return res; } int __weak memcmp_pages(struct page *page1, struct page *page2) { char *addr1, *addr2; int ret; addr1 = kmap_atomic(page1); addr2 = kmap_atomic(page2); ret = memcmp(addr1, addr2, PAGE_SIZE); kunmap_atomic(addr2); kunmap_atomic(addr1); return ret; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* -*- mode: c; c-basic-offset:8; -*- * vim: noexpandtab sw=8 ts=8 sts=0: * * configfs_internal.h - Internal stuff for configfs * * Based on sysfs: * sysfs is Copyright (C) 2001, 2002, 2003 Patrick Mochel * * configfs Copyright (C) 2005 Oracle. All rights reserved. */ #ifdef pr_fmt #undef pr_fmt #endif #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> struct configfs_fragment { atomic_t frag_count; struct rw_semaphore frag_sem; bool frag_dead; }; void put_fragment(struct configfs_fragment *); struct configfs_fragment *get_fragment(struct configfs_fragment *); struct configfs_dirent { atomic_t s_count; int s_dependent_count; struct list_head s_sibling; struct list_head s_children; int s_links; void * s_element; int s_type; umode_t s_mode; struct dentry * s_dentry; struct iattr * s_iattr; #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP int s_depth; #endif struct configfs_fragment *s_frag; }; #define CONFIGFS_ROOT 0x0001 #define CONFIGFS_DIR 0x0002 #define CONFIGFS_ITEM_ATTR 0x0004 #define CONFIGFS_ITEM_BIN_ATTR 0x0008 #define CONFIGFS_ITEM_LINK 0x0020 #define CONFIGFS_USET_DIR 0x0040 #define CONFIGFS_USET_DEFAULT 0x0080 #define CONFIGFS_USET_DROPPING 0x0100 #define CONFIGFS_USET_IN_MKDIR 0x0200 #define CONFIGFS_USET_CREATING 0x0400 #define CONFIGFS_NOT_PINNED (CONFIGFS_ITEM_ATTR | CONFIGFS_ITEM_BIN_ATTR) extern struct mutex configfs_symlink_mutex; extern spinlock_t configfs_dirent_lock; extern struct kmem_cache *configfs_dir_cachep; extern int configfs_is_root(struct config_item *item); extern struct inode * configfs_new_inode(umode_t mode, struct configfs_dirent *, struct super_block *); extern struct inode *configfs_create(struct dentry *, umode_t mode); extern int configfs_create_file(struct config_item *, const struct configfs_attribute *); extern int configfs_create_bin_file(struct config_item *, const struct configfs_bin_attribute *); extern int configfs_make_dirent(struct configfs_dirent *, struct dentry *, void *, umode_t, int, struct configfs_fragment *); extern int configfs_dirent_is_ready(struct configfs_dirent *); extern void configfs_hash_and_remove(struct dentry * dir, const char * name); extern const unsigned char * configfs_get_name(struct configfs_dirent *sd); extern void configfs_drop_dentry(struct configfs_dirent *sd, struct dentry *parent); extern int configfs_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *iattr); extern struct dentry *configfs_pin_fs(void); extern void configfs_release_fs(void); extern const struct file_operations configfs_dir_operations; extern const struct file_operations configfs_file_operations; extern const struct file_operations configfs_bin_file_operations; extern const struct inode_operations configfs_dir_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations configfs_root_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations configfs_symlink_inode_operations; extern const struct dentry_operations configfs_dentry_ops; extern int configfs_symlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, const char *symname); extern int configfs_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry); int configfs_create_link(struct configfs_dirent *target, struct dentry *parent, struct dentry *dentry, char *body); static inline struct config_item * to_item(struct dentry * dentry) { struct configfs_dirent * sd = dentry->d_fsdata; return ((struct config_item *) sd->s_element); } static inline struct configfs_attribute * to_attr(struct dentry * dentry) { struct configfs_dirent * sd = dentry->d_fsdata; return ((struct configfs_attribute *) sd->s_element); } static inline struct configfs_bin_attribute *to_bin_attr(struct dentry *dentry) { struct configfs_attribute *attr = to_attr(dentry); return container_of(attr, struct configfs_bin_attribute, cb_attr); } static inline struct config_item *configfs_get_config_item(struct dentry *dentry) { struct config_item * item = NULL; spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); if (!d_unhashed(dentry)) { struct configfs_dirent * sd = dentry->d_fsdata; item = config_item_get(sd->s_element); } spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); return item; } static inline void release_configfs_dirent(struct configfs_dirent * sd) { if (!(sd->s_type & CONFIGFS_ROOT)) { kfree(sd->s_iattr); put_fragment(sd->s_frag); kmem_cache_free(configfs_dir_cachep, sd); } } static inline struct configfs_dirent * configfs_get(struct configfs_dirent * sd) { if (sd) { WARN_ON(!atomic_read(&sd->s_count)); atomic_inc(&sd->s_count); } return sd; } static inline void configfs_put(struct configfs_dirent * sd) { WARN_ON(!atomic_read(&sd->s_count)); if (atomic_dec_and_test(&sd->s_count)) release_configfs_dirent(sd); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_NLS_H #define _LINUX_NLS_H #include <linux/init.h> /* Unicode has changed over the years. Unicode code points no longer * fit into 16 bits; as of Unicode 5 valid code points range from 0 * to 0x10ffff (17 planes, where each plane holds 65536 code points). * * The original decision to represent Unicode characters as 16-bit * wchar_t values is now outdated. But plane 0 still includes the * most commonly used characters, so we will retain it. The newer * 32-bit unicode_t type can be used when it is necessary to * represent the full Unicode character set. */ /* Plane-0 Unicode character */ typedef u16 wchar_t; #define MAX_WCHAR_T 0xffff /* Arbitrary Unicode character */ typedef u32 unicode_t; struct nls_table { const char *charset; const char *alias; int (*uni2char) (wchar_t uni, unsigned char *out, int boundlen); int (*char2uni) (const unsigned char *rawstring, int boundlen, wchar_t *uni); const unsigned char *charset2lower; const unsigned char *charset2upper; struct module *owner; struct nls_table *next; }; /* this value hold the maximum octet of charset */ #define NLS_MAX_CHARSET_SIZE 6 /* for UTF-8 */ /* Byte order for UTF-16 strings */ enum utf16_endian { UTF16_HOST_ENDIAN, UTF16_LITTLE_ENDIAN, UTF16_BIG_ENDIAN }; /* nls_base.c */ extern int __register_nls(struct nls_table *, struct module *); extern int unregister_nls(struct nls_table *); extern struct nls_table *load_nls(char *); extern void unload_nls(struct nls_table *); extern struct nls_table *load_nls_default(void); #define register_nls(nls) __register_nls((nls), THIS_MODULE) extern int utf8_to_utf32(const u8 *s, int len, unicode_t *pu); extern int utf32_to_utf8(unicode_t u, u8 *s, int maxlen); extern int utf8s_to_utf16s(const u8 *s, int len, enum utf16_endian endian, wchar_t *pwcs, int maxlen); extern int utf16s_to_utf8s(const wchar_t *pwcs, int len, enum utf16_endian endian, u8 *s, int maxlen); static inline unsigned char nls_tolower(struct nls_table *t, unsigned char c) { unsigned char nc = t->charset2lower[c]; return nc ? nc : c; } static inline unsigned char nls_toupper(struct nls_table *t, unsigned char c) { unsigned char nc = t->charset2upper[c]; return nc ? nc : c; } static inline int nls_strnicmp(struct nls_table *t, const unsigned char *s1, const unsigned char *s2, int len) { while (len--) { if (nls_tolower(t, *s1++) != nls_tolower(t, *s2++)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * nls_nullsize - return length of null character for codepage * @codepage - codepage for which to return length of NULL terminator * * Since we can't guarantee that the null terminator will be a particular * length, we have to check against the codepage. If there's a problem * determining it, assume a single-byte NULL terminator. */ static inline int nls_nullsize(const struct nls_table *codepage) { int charlen; char tmp[NLS_MAX_CHARSET_SIZE]; charlen = codepage->uni2char(0, tmp, NLS_MAX_CHARSET_SIZE); return charlen > 0 ? charlen : 1; } #define MODULE_ALIAS_NLS(name) MODULE_ALIAS("nls_" __stringify(name)) #endif /* _LINUX_NLS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Copyright (C) 2001 Jens Axboe <axboe@suse.de> */ #ifndef __LINUX_BIO_H #define __LINUX_BIO_H #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/mempool.h> #include <linux/ioprio.h> /* struct bio, bio_vec and BIO_* flags are defined in blk_types.h */ #include <linux/blk_types.h> #define BIO_DEBUG #ifdef BIO_DEBUG #define BIO_BUG_ON BUG_ON #else #define BIO_BUG_ON #endif #define BIO_MAX_PAGES 256 #define bio_prio(bio) (bio)->bi_ioprio #define bio_set_prio(bio, prio) ((bio)->bi_ioprio = prio) #define bio_iter_iovec(bio, iter) \ bvec_iter_bvec((bio)->bi_io_vec, (iter)) #define bio_iter_page(bio, iter) \ bvec_iter_page((bio)->bi_io_vec, (iter)) #define bio_iter_len(bio, iter) \ bvec_iter_len((bio)->bi_io_vec, (iter)) #define bio_iter_offset(bio, iter) \ bvec_iter_offset((bio)->bi_io_vec, (iter)) #define bio_page(bio) bio_iter_page((bio), (bio)->bi_iter) #define bio_offset(bio) bio_iter_offset((bio), (bio)->bi_iter) #define bio_iovec(bio) bio_iter_iovec((bio), (bio)->bi_iter) #define bvec_iter_sectors(iter) ((iter).bi_size >> 9) #define bvec_iter_end_sector(iter) ((iter).bi_sector + bvec_iter_sectors((iter))) #define bio_sectors(bio) bvec_iter_sectors((bio)->bi_iter) #define bio_end_sector(bio) bvec_iter_end_sector((bio)->bi_iter) /* * Return the data direction, READ or WRITE. */ #define bio_data_dir(bio) \ (op_is_write(bio_op(bio)) ? WRITE : READ) /* * Check whether this bio carries any data or not. A NULL bio is allowed. */ static inline bool bio_has_data(struct bio *bio) { if (bio && bio->bi_iter.bi_size && bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_DISCARD && bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE && bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES) return true; return false; } static inline bool bio_no_advance_iter(const struct bio *bio) { return bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_DISCARD || bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE || bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME || bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES; } static inline bool bio_mergeable(struct bio *bio) { if (bio->bi_opf & REQ_NOMERGE_FLAGS) return false; return true; } static inline unsigned int bio_cur_bytes(struct bio *bio) { if (bio_has_data(bio)) return bio_iovec(bio).bv_len; else /* dataless requests such as discard */ return bio->bi_iter.bi_size; } static inline void *bio_data(struct bio *bio) { if (bio_has_data(bio)) return page_address(bio_page(bio)) + bio_offset(bio); return NULL; } /** * bio_full - check if the bio is full * @bio: bio to check * @len: length of one segment to be added * * Return true if @bio is full and one segment with @len bytes can't be * added to the bio, otherwise return false */ static inline bool bio_full(struct bio *bio, unsigned len) { if (bio->bi_vcnt >= bio->bi_max_vecs) return true; if (bio->bi_iter.bi_size > UINT_MAX - len) return true; return false; } static inline bool bio_next_segment(const struct bio *bio, struct bvec_iter_all *iter) { if (iter->idx >= bio->bi_vcnt) return false; bvec_advance(&bio->bi_io_vec[iter->idx], iter); return true; } /* * drivers should _never_ use the all version - the bio may have been split * before it got to the driver and the driver won't own all of it */ #define bio_for_each_segment_all(bvl, bio, iter) \ for (bvl = bvec_init_iter_all(&iter); bio_next_segment((bio), &iter); ) static inline void bio_advance_iter(const struct bio *bio, struct bvec_iter *iter, unsigned int bytes) { iter->bi_sector += bytes >> 9; if (bio_no_advance_iter(bio)) iter->bi_size -= bytes; else bvec_iter_advance(bio->bi_io_vec, iter, bytes); /* TODO: It is reasonable to complete bio with error here. */ } #define __bio_for_each_segment(bvl, bio, iter, start) \ for (iter = (start); \ (iter).bi_size && \ ((bvl = bio_iter_iovec((bio), (iter))), 1); \ bio_advance_iter((bio), &(iter), (bvl).bv_len)) #define bio_for_each_segment(bvl, bio, iter) \ __bio_for_each_segment(bvl, bio, iter, (bio)->bi_iter) #define __bio_for_each_bvec(bvl, bio, iter, start) \ for (iter = (start); \ (iter).bi_size && \ ((bvl = mp_bvec_iter_bvec((bio)->bi_io_vec, (iter))), 1); \ bio_advance_iter((bio), &(iter), (bvl).bv_len)) /* iterate over multi-page bvec */ #define bio_for_each_bvec(bvl, bio, iter) \ __bio_for_each_bvec(bvl, bio, iter, (bio)->bi_iter) /* * Iterate over all multi-page bvecs. Drivers shouldn't use this version for the * same reasons as bio_for_each_segment_all(). */ #define bio_for_each_bvec_all(bvl, bio, i) \ for (i = 0, bvl = bio_first_bvec_all(bio); \ i < (bio)->bi_vcnt; i++, bvl++) \ #define bio_iter_last(bvec, iter) ((iter).bi_size == (bvec).bv_len) static inline unsigned bio_segments(struct bio *bio) { unsigned segs = 0; struct bio_vec bv; struct bvec_iter iter; /* * We special case discard/write same/write zeroes, because they * interpret bi_size differently: */ switch (bio_op(bio)) { case REQ_OP_DISCARD: case REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE: case REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES: return 0; case REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME: return 1; default: break; } bio_for_each_segment(bv, bio, iter) segs++; return segs; } /* * get a reference to a bio, so it won't disappear. the intended use is * something like: * * bio_get(bio); * submit_bio(rw, bio); * if (bio->bi_flags ...) * do_something * bio_put(bio); * * without the bio_get(), it could potentially complete I/O before submit_bio * returns. and then bio would be freed memory when if (bio->bi_flags ...) * runs */ static inline void bio_get(struct bio *bio) { bio->bi_flags |= (1 << BIO_REFFED); smp_mb__before_atomic(); atomic_inc(&bio->__bi_cnt); } static inline void bio_cnt_set(struct bio *bio, unsigned int count) { if (count != 1) { bio->bi_flags |= (1 << BIO_REFFED); smp_mb(); } atomic_set(&bio->__bi_cnt, count); } static inline bool bio_flagged(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bit) { return (bio->bi_flags & (1U << bit)) != 0; } static inline void bio_set_flag(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bit) { bio->bi_flags |= (1U << bit); } static inline void bio_clear_flag(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bit) { bio->bi_flags &= ~(1U << bit); } static inline void bio_get_first_bvec(struct bio *bio, struct bio_vec *bv) { *bv = mp_bvec_iter_bvec(bio->bi_io_vec, bio->bi_iter); } static inline void bio_get_last_bvec(struct bio *bio, struct bio_vec *bv) { struct bvec_iter iter = bio->bi_iter; int idx; bio_get_first_bvec(bio, bv); if (bv->bv_len == bio->bi_iter.bi_size) return; /* this bio only has a single bvec */ bio_advance_iter(bio, &iter, iter.bi_size); if (!iter.bi_bvec_done) idx = iter.bi_idx - 1; else /* in the middle of bvec */ idx = iter.bi_idx; *bv = bio->bi_io_vec[idx]; /* * iter.bi_bvec_done records actual length of the last bvec * if this bio ends in the middle of one io vector */ if (iter.bi_bvec_done) bv->bv_len = iter.bi_bvec_done; } static inline struct bio_vec *bio_first_bvec_all(struct bio *bio) { WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_flagged(bio, BIO_CLONED)); return bio->bi_io_vec; } static inline struct page *bio_first_page_all(struct bio *bio) { return bio_first_bvec_all(bio)->bv_page; } static inline struct bio_vec *bio_last_bvec_all(struct bio *bio) { WARN_ON_ONCE(bio_flagged(bio, BIO_CLONED)); return &bio->bi_io_vec[bio->bi_vcnt - 1]; } enum bip_flags { BIP_BLOCK_INTEGRITY = 1 << 0, /* block layer owns integrity data */ BIP_MAPPED_INTEGRITY = 1 << 1, /* ref tag has been remapped */ BIP_CTRL_NOCHECK = 1 << 2, /* disable HBA integrity checking */ BIP_DISK_NOCHECK = 1 << 3, /* disable disk integrity checking */ BIP_IP_CHECKSUM = 1 << 4, /* IP checksum */ }; /* * bio integrity payload */ struct bio_integrity_payload { struct bio *bip_bio; /* parent bio */ struct bvec_iter bip_iter; unsigned short bip_slab; /* slab the bip came from */ unsigned short bip_vcnt; /* # of integrity bio_vecs */ unsigned short bip_max_vcnt; /* integrity bio_vec slots */ unsigned short bip_flags; /* control flags */ struct bvec_iter bio_iter; /* for rewinding parent bio */ struct work_struct bip_work; /* I/O completion */ struct bio_vec *bip_vec; struct bio_vec bip_inline_vecs[];/* embedded bvec array */ }; #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) static inline struct bio_integrity_payload *bio_integrity(struct bio *bio) { if (bio->bi_opf & REQ_INTEGRITY) return bio->bi_integrity; return NULL; } static inline bool bio_integrity_flagged(struct bio *bio, enum bip_flags flag) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(bio); if (bip) return bip->bip_flags & flag; return false; } static inline sector_t bip_get_seed(struct bio_integrity_payload *bip) { return bip->bip_iter.bi_sector; } static inline void bip_set_seed(struct bio_integrity_payload *bip, sector_t seed) { bip->bip_iter.bi_sector = seed; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ extern void bio_trim(struct bio *bio, int offset, int size); extern struct bio *bio_split(struct bio *bio, int sectors, gfp_t gfp, struct bio_set *bs); /** * bio_next_split - get next @sectors from a bio, splitting if necessary * @bio: bio to split * @sectors: number of sectors to split from the front of @bio * @gfp: gfp mask * @bs: bio set to allocate from * * Returns a bio representing the next @sectors of @bio - if the bio is smaller * than @sectors, returns the original bio unchanged. */ static inline struct bio *bio_next_split(struct bio *bio, int sectors, gfp_t gfp, struct bio_set *bs) { if (sectors >= bio_sectors(bio)) return bio; return bio_split(bio, sectors, gfp, bs); } enum { BIOSET_NEED_BVECS = BIT(0), BIOSET_NEED_RESCUER = BIT(1), }; extern int bioset_init(struct bio_set *, unsigned int, unsigned int, int flags); extern void bioset_exit(struct bio_set *); extern int biovec_init_pool(mempool_t *pool, int pool_entries); extern int bioset_init_from_src(struct bio_set *bs, struct bio_set *src); extern struct bio *bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_t, unsigned int, struct bio_set *); extern void bio_put(struct bio *); extern void __bio_clone_fast(struct bio *, struct bio *); extern struct bio *bio_clone_fast(struct bio *, gfp_t, struct bio_set *); extern struct bio_set fs_bio_set; static inline struct bio *bio_alloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int nr_iovecs) { return bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_mask, nr_iovecs, &fs_bio_set); } static inline struct bio *bio_kmalloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int nr_iovecs) { return bio_alloc_bioset(gfp_mask, nr_iovecs, NULL); } extern blk_qc_t submit_bio(struct bio *); extern void bio_endio(struct bio *); static inline void bio_io_error(struct bio *bio) { bio->bi_status = BLK_STS_IOERR; bio_endio(bio); } static inline void bio_wouldblock_error(struct bio *bio) { bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_QUIET); bio->bi_status = BLK_STS_AGAIN; bio_endio(bio); } struct request_queue; extern int submit_bio_wait(struct bio *bio); extern void bio_advance(struct bio *, unsigned); extern void bio_init(struct bio *bio, struct bio_vec *table, unsigned short max_vecs); extern void bio_uninit(struct bio *); extern void bio_reset(struct bio *); void bio_chain(struct bio *, struct bio *); extern int bio_add_page(struct bio *, struct page *, unsigned int,unsigned int); extern int bio_add_pc_page(struct request_queue *, struct bio *, struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); bool __bio_try_merge_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int off, bool *same_page); void __bio_add_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int off); int bio_iov_iter_get_pages(struct bio *bio, struct iov_iter *iter); void bio_release_pages(struct bio *bio, bool mark_dirty); extern void bio_set_pages_dirty(struct bio *bio); extern void bio_check_pages_dirty(struct bio *bio); extern void bio_copy_data_iter(struct bio *dst, struct bvec_iter *dst_iter, struct bio *src, struct bvec_iter *src_iter); extern void bio_copy_data(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src); extern void bio_list_copy_data(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src); extern void bio_free_pages(struct bio *bio); void zero_fill_bio_iter(struct bio *bio, struct bvec_iter iter); void bio_truncate(struct bio *bio, unsigned new_size); void guard_bio_eod(struct bio *bio); static inline void zero_fill_bio(struct bio *bio) { zero_fill_bio_iter(bio, bio->bi_iter); } extern struct bio_vec *bvec_alloc(gfp_t, int, unsigned long *, mempool_t *); extern void bvec_free(mempool_t *, struct bio_vec *, unsigned int); extern unsigned int bvec_nr_vecs(unsigned short idx); extern const char *bio_devname(struct bio *bio, char *buffer); #define bio_set_dev(bio, bdev) \ do { \ if ((bio)->bi_disk != (bdev)->bd_disk) \ bio_clear_flag(bio, BIO_THROTTLED);\ (bio)->bi_disk = (bdev)->bd_disk; \ (bio)->bi_partno = (bdev)->bd_partno; \ bio_associate_blkg(bio); \ } while (0) #define bio_copy_dev(dst, src) \ do { \ (dst)->bi_disk = (src)->bi_disk; \ (dst)->bi_partno = (src)->bi_partno; \ bio_clone_blkg_association(dst, src); \ } while (0) #define bio_dev(bio) \ disk_devt((bio)->bi_disk) #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP void bio_associate_blkg(struct bio *bio); void bio_associate_blkg_from_css(struct bio *bio, struct cgroup_subsys_state *css); void bio_clone_blkg_association(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP */ static inline void bio_associate_blkg(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void bio_associate_blkg_from_css(struct bio *bio, struct cgroup_subsys_state *css) { } static inline void bio_clone_blkg_association(struct bio *dst, struct bio *src) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP */ #ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM /* * remember never ever reenable interrupts between a bvec_kmap_irq and * bvec_kunmap_irq! */ static inline char *bvec_kmap_irq(struct bio_vec *bvec, unsigned long *flags) { unsigned long addr; /* * might not be a highmem page, but the preempt/irq count * balancing is a lot nicer this way */ local_irq_save(*flags); addr = (unsigned long) kmap_atomic(bvec->bv_page); BUG_ON(addr & ~PAGE_MASK); return (char *) addr + bvec->bv_offset; } static inline void bvec_kunmap_irq(char *buffer, unsigned long *flags) { unsigned long ptr = (unsigned long) buffer & PAGE_MASK; kunmap_atomic((void *) ptr); local_irq_restore(*flags); } #else static inline char *bvec_kmap_irq(struct bio_vec *bvec, unsigned long *flags) { return page_address(bvec->bv_page) + bvec->bv_offset; } static inline void bvec_kunmap_irq(char *buffer, unsigned long *flags) { *flags = 0; } #endif /* * BIO list management for use by remapping drivers (e.g. DM or MD) and loop. * * A bio_list anchors a singly-linked list of bios chained through the bi_next * member of the bio. The bio_list also caches the last list member to allow * fast access to the tail. */ struct bio_list { struct bio *head; struct bio *tail; }; static inline int bio_list_empty(const struct bio_list *bl) { return bl->head == NULL; } static inline void bio_list_init(struct bio_list *bl) { bl->head = bl->tail = NULL; } #define BIO_EMPTY_LIST { NULL, NULL } #define bio_list_for_each(bio, bl) \ for (bio = (bl)->head; bio; bio = bio->bi_next) static inline unsigned bio_list_size(const struct bio_list *bl) { unsigned sz = 0; struct bio *bio; bio_list_for_each(bio, bl) sz++; return sz; } static inline void bio_list_add(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio *bio) { bio->bi_next = NULL; if (bl->tail) bl->tail->bi_next = bio; else bl->head = bio; bl->tail = bio; } static inline void bio_list_add_head(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio *bio) { bio->bi_next = bl->head; bl->head = bio; if (!bl->tail) bl->tail = bio; } static inline void bio_list_merge(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio_list *bl2) { if (!bl2->head) return; if (bl->tail) bl->tail->bi_next = bl2->head; else bl->head = bl2->head; bl->tail = bl2->tail; } static inline void bio_list_merge_head(struct bio_list *bl, struct bio_list *bl2) { if (!bl2->head) return; if (bl->head) bl2->tail->bi_next = bl->head; else bl->tail = bl2->tail; bl->head = bl2->head; } static inline struct bio *bio_list_peek(struct bio_list *bl) { return bl->head; } static inline struct bio *bio_list_pop(struct bio_list *bl) { struct bio *bio = bl->head; if (bio) { bl->head = bl->head->bi_next; if (!bl->head) bl->tail = NULL; bio->bi_next = NULL; } return bio; } static inline struct bio *bio_list_get(struct bio_list *bl) { struct bio *bio = bl->head; bl->head = bl->tail = NULL; return bio; } /* * Increment chain count for the bio. Make sure the CHAIN flag update * is visible before the raised count. */ static inline void bio_inc_remaining(struct bio *bio) { bio_set_flag(bio, BIO_CHAIN); smp_mb__before_atomic(); atomic_inc(&bio->__bi_remaining); } /* * bio_set is used to allow other portions of the IO system to * allocate their own private memory pools for bio and iovec structures. * These memory pools in turn all allocate from the bio_slab * and the bvec_slabs[]. */ #define BIO_POOL_SIZE 2 struct bio_set { struct kmem_cache *bio_slab; unsigned int front_pad; mempool_t bio_pool; mempool_t bvec_pool; #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) mempool_t bio_integrity_pool; mempool_t bvec_integrity_pool; #endif /* * Deadlock avoidance for stacking block drivers: see comments in * bio_alloc_bioset() for details */ spinlock_t rescue_lock; struct bio_list rescue_list; struct work_struct rescue_work; struct workqueue_struct *rescue_workqueue; }; struct biovec_slab { int nr_vecs; char *name; struct kmem_cache *slab; }; static inline bool bioset_initialized(struct bio_set *bs) { return bs->bio_slab != NULL; } /* * a small number of entries is fine, not going to be performance critical. * basically we just need to survive */ #define BIO_SPLIT_ENTRIES 2 #if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY) #define bip_for_each_vec(bvl, bip, iter) \ for_each_bvec(bvl, (bip)->bip_vec, iter, (bip)->bip_iter) #define bio_for_each_integrity_vec(_bvl, _bio, _iter) \ for_each_bio(_bio) \ bip_for_each_vec(_bvl, _bio->bi_integrity, _iter) extern struct bio_integrity_payload *bio_integrity_alloc(struct bio *, gfp_t, unsigned int); extern int bio_integrity_add_page(struct bio *, struct page *, unsigned int, unsigned int); extern bool bio_integrity_prep(struct bio *); extern void bio_integrity_advance(struct bio *, unsigned int); extern void bio_integrity_trim(struct bio *); extern int bio_integrity_clone(struct bio *, struct bio *, gfp_t); extern int bioset_integrity_create(struct bio_set *, int); extern void bioset_integrity_free(struct bio_set *); extern void bio_integrity_init(void); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ static inline void *bio_integrity(struct bio *bio) { return NULL; } static inline int bioset_integrity_create(struct bio_set *bs, int pool_size) { return 0; } static inline void bioset_integrity_free (struct bio_set *bs) { return; } static inline bool bio_integrity_prep(struct bio *bio) { return true; } static inline int bio_integrity_clone(struct bio *bio, struct bio *bio_src, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return 0; } static inline void bio_integrity_advance(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bytes_done) { return; } static inline void bio_integrity_trim(struct bio *bio) { return; } static inline void bio_integrity_init(void) { return; } static inline bool bio_integrity_flagged(struct bio *bio, enum bip_flags flag) { return false; } static inline void *bio_integrity_alloc(struct bio * bio, gfp_t gfp, unsigned int nr) { return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } static inline int bio_integrity_add_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offset) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ /* * Mark a bio as polled. Note that for async polled IO, the caller must * expect -EWOULDBLOCK if we cannot allocate a request (or other resources). * We cannot block waiting for requests on polled IO, as those completions * must be found by the caller. This is different than IRQ driven IO, where * it's safe to wait for IO to complete. */ static inline void bio_set_polled(struct bio *bio, struct kiocb *kiocb) { bio->bi_opf |= REQ_HIPRI; if (!is_sync_kiocb(kiocb)) bio->bi_opf |= REQ_NOWAIT; } #endif /* __LINUX_BIO_H */
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Copyright (C) 2001 by Andreas Gruenbacher <a.gruenbacher@computer.org> Copyright (C) 2001 SGI - Silicon Graphics, Inc <linux-xfs@oss.sgi.com> Copyright (c) 2004 Red Hat, Inc., James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> */ #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/xattr.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/evm.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/vmalloc.h> #include <linux/posix_acl_xattr.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> static const char * strcmp_prefix(const char *a, const char *a_prefix) { while (*a_prefix && *a == *a_prefix) { a++; a_prefix++; } return *a_prefix ? NULL : a; } /* * In order to implement different sets of xattr operations for each xattr * prefix, a filesystem should create a null-terminated array of struct * xattr_handler (one for each prefix) and hang a pointer to it off of the * s_xattr field of the superblock. */ #define for_each_xattr_handler(handlers, handler) \ if (handlers) \ for ((handler) = *(handlers)++; \ (handler) != NULL; \ (handler) = *(handlers)++) /* * Find the xattr_handler with the matching prefix. */ static const struct xattr_handler * xattr_resolve_name(struct inode *inode, const char **name) { const struct xattr_handler **handlers = inode->i_sb->s_xattr; const struct xattr_handler *handler; if (!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_XATTR)) { if (unlikely(is_bad_inode(inode))) return ERR_PTR(-EIO); return ERR_PTR(-EOPNOTSUPP); } for_each_xattr_handler(handlers, handler) { const char *n; n = strcmp_prefix(*name, xattr_prefix(handler)); if (n) { if (!handler->prefix ^ !*n) { if (*n) continue; return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } *name = n; return handler; } } return ERR_PTR(-EOPNOTSUPP); } /* * Check permissions for extended attribute access. This is a bit complicated * because different namespaces have very different rules. */ static int xattr_permission(struct inode *inode, const char *name, int mask) { /* * We can never set or remove an extended attribute on a read-only * filesystem or on an immutable / append-only inode. */ if (mask & MAY_WRITE) { if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) || IS_APPEND(inode)) return -EPERM; /* * Updating an xattr will likely cause i_uid and i_gid * to be writen back improperly if their true value is * unknown to the vfs. */ if (HAS_UNMAPPED_ID(inode)) return -EPERM; } /* * No restriction for security.* and system.* from the VFS. Decision * on these is left to the underlying filesystem / security module. */ if (!strncmp(name, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX_LEN) || !strncmp(name, XATTR_SYSTEM_PREFIX, XATTR_SYSTEM_PREFIX_LEN)) return 0; /* * The trusted.* namespace can only be accessed by privileged users. */ if (!strncmp(name, XATTR_TRUSTED_PREFIX, XATTR_TRUSTED_PREFIX_LEN)) { if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return (mask & MAY_WRITE) ? -EPERM : -ENODATA; return 0; } /* * In the user.* namespace, only regular files and directories can have * extended attributes. For sticky directories, only the owner and * privileged users can write attributes. */ if (!strncmp(name, XATTR_USER_PREFIX, XATTR_USER_PREFIX_LEN)) { if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) && !S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) return (mask & MAY_WRITE) ? -EPERM : -ENODATA; if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) && (inode->i_mode & S_ISVTX) && (mask & MAY_WRITE) && !inode_owner_or_capable(inode)) return -EPERM; } return inode_permission(inode, mask); } /* * Look for any handler that deals with the specified namespace. */ int xattr_supported_namespace(struct inode *inode, const char *prefix) { const struct xattr_handler **handlers = inode->i_sb->s_xattr; const struct xattr_handler *handler; size_t preflen; if (!(inode->i_opflags & IOP_XATTR)) { if (unlikely(is_bad_inode(inode))) return -EIO; return -EOPNOTSUPP; } preflen = strlen(prefix); for_each_xattr_handler(handlers, handler) { if (!strncmp(xattr_prefix(handler), prefix, preflen)) return 0; } return -EOPNOTSUPP; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(xattr_supported_namespace); int __vfs_setxattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags) { const struct xattr_handler *handler; handler = xattr_resolve_name(inode, &name); if (IS_ERR(handler)) return PTR_ERR(handler); if (!handler->set) return -EOPNOTSUPP; if (size == 0) value = ""; /* empty EA, do not remove */ return handler->set(handler, dentry, inode, name, value, size, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__vfs_setxattr); /** * __vfs_setxattr_noperm - perform setxattr operation without performing * permission checks. * * @dentry - object to perform setxattr on * @name - xattr name to set * @value - value to set @name to * @size - size of @value * @flags - flags to pass into filesystem operations * * returns the result of the internal setxattr or setsecurity operations. * * This function requires the caller to lock the inode's i_mutex before it * is executed. It also assumes that the caller will make the appropriate * permission checks. */ int __vfs_setxattr_noperm(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; int error = -EAGAIN; int issec = !strncmp(name, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX_LEN); if (issec) inode->i_flags &= ~S_NOSEC; if (inode->i_opflags & IOP_XATTR) { error = __vfs_setxattr(dentry, inode, name, value, size, flags); if (!error) { fsnotify_xattr(dentry); security_inode_post_setxattr(dentry, name, value, size, flags); } } else { if (unlikely(is_bad_inode(inode))) return -EIO; } if (error == -EAGAIN) { error = -EOPNOTSUPP; if (issec) { const char *suffix = name + XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX_LEN; error = security_inode_setsecurity(inode, suffix, value, size, flags); if (!error) fsnotify_xattr(dentry); } } return error; } /** * __vfs_setxattr_locked - set an extended attribute while holding the inode * lock * * @dentry: object to perform setxattr on * @name: xattr name to set * @value: value to set @name to * @size: size of @value * @flags: flags to pass into filesystem operations * @delegated_inode: on return, will contain an inode pointer that * a delegation was broken on, NULL if none. */ int __vfs_setxattr_locked(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags, struct inode **delegated_inode) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; int error; error = xattr_permission(inode, name, MAY_WRITE); if (error) return error; error = security_inode_setxattr(dentry, name, value, size, flags); if (error) goto out; error = try_break_deleg(inode, delegated_inode); if (error) goto out; error = __vfs_setxattr_noperm(dentry, name, value, size, flags); out: return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__vfs_setxattr_locked); int vfs_setxattr(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; int error; retry_deleg: inode_lock(inode); error = __vfs_setxattr_locked(dentry, name, value, size, flags, &delegated_inode); inode_unlock(inode); if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) goto retry_deleg; } return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_setxattr); static ssize_t xattr_getsecurity(struct inode *inode, const char *name, void *value, size_t size) { void *buffer = NULL; ssize_t len; if (!value || !size) { len = security_inode_getsecurity(inode, name, &buffer, false); goto out_noalloc; } len = security_inode_getsecurity(inode, name, &buffer, true); if (len < 0) return len; if (size < len) { len = -ERANGE; goto out; } memcpy(value, buffer, len); out: kfree(buffer); out_noalloc: return len; } /* * vfs_getxattr_alloc - allocate memory, if necessary, before calling getxattr * * Allocate memory, if not already allocated, or re-allocate correct size, * before retrieving the extended attribute. * * Returns the result of alloc, if failed, or the getxattr operation. */ ssize_t vfs_getxattr_alloc(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name, char **xattr_value, size_t xattr_size, gfp_t flags) { const struct xattr_handler *handler; struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; char *value = *xattr_value; int error; error = xattr_permission(inode, name, MAY_READ); if (error) return error; handler = xattr_resolve_name(inode, &name); if (IS_ERR(handler)) return PTR_ERR(handler); if (!handler->get) return -EOPNOTSUPP; error = handler->get(handler, dentry, inode, name, NULL, 0); if (error < 0) return error; if (!value || (error > xattr_size)) { value = krealloc(*xattr_value, error + 1, flags); if (!value) return -ENOMEM; memset(value, 0, error + 1); } error = handler->get(handler, dentry, inode, name, value, error); *xattr_value = value; return error; } ssize_t __vfs_getxattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode, const char *name, void *value, size_t size) { const struct xattr_handler *handler; handler = xattr_resolve_name(inode, &name); if (IS_ERR(handler)) return PTR_ERR(handler); if (!handler->get) return -EOPNOTSUPP; return handler->get(handler, dentry, inode, name, value, size); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__vfs_getxattr); ssize_t vfs_getxattr(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name, void *value, size_t size) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; int error; error = xattr_permission(inode, name, MAY_READ); if (error) return error; error = security_inode_getxattr(dentry, name); if (error) return error; if (!strncmp(name, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX, XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX_LEN)) { const char *suffix = name + XATTR_SECURITY_PREFIX_LEN; int ret = xattr_getsecurity(inode, suffix, value, size); /* * Only overwrite the return value if a security module * is actually active. */ if (ret == -EOPNOTSUPP) goto nolsm; return ret; } nolsm: return __vfs_getxattr(dentry, inode, name, value, size); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_getxattr); ssize_t vfs_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *list, size_t size) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); ssize_t error; error = security_inode_listxattr(dentry); if (error) return error; if (inode->i_op->listxattr && (inode->i_opflags & IOP_XATTR)) { error = inode->i_op->listxattr(dentry, list, size); } else { error = security_inode_listsecurity(inode, list, size); if (size && error > size) error = -ERANGE; } return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_listxattr); int __vfs_removexattr(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); const struct xattr_handler *handler; handler = xattr_resolve_name(inode, &name); if (IS_ERR(handler)) return PTR_ERR(handler); if (!handler->set) return -EOPNOTSUPP; return handler->set(handler, dentry, inode, name, NULL, 0, XATTR_REPLACE); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__vfs_removexattr); /** * __vfs_removexattr_locked - set an extended attribute while holding the inode * lock * * @dentry: object to perform setxattr on * @name: name of xattr to remove * @delegated_inode: on return, will contain an inode pointer that * a delegation was broken on, NULL if none. */ int __vfs_removexattr_locked(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name, struct inode **delegated_inode) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; int error; error = xattr_permission(inode, name, MAY_WRITE); if (error) return error; error = security_inode_removexattr(dentry, name); if (error) goto out; error = try_break_deleg(inode, delegated_inode); if (error) goto out; error = __vfs_removexattr(dentry, name); if (!error) { fsnotify_xattr(dentry); evm_inode_post_removexattr(dentry, name); } out: return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__vfs_removexattr_locked); int vfs_removexattr(struct dentry *dentry, const char *name) { struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode; struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL; int error; retry_deleg: inode_lock(inode); error = __vfs_removexattr_locked(dentry, name, &delegated_inode); inode_unlock(inode); if (delegated_inode) { error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode); if (!error) goto retry_deleg; } return error; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_removexattr); /* * Extended attribute SET operations */ static long setxattr(struct dentry *d, const char __user *name, const void __user *value, size_t size, int flags) { int error; void *kvalue = NULL; char kname[XATTR_NAME_MAX + 1]; if (flags & ~(XATTR_CREATE|XATTR_REPLACE)) return -EINVAL; error = strncpy_from_user(kname, name, sizeof(kname)); if (error == 0 || error == sizeof(kname)) error = -ERANGE; if (error < 0) return error; if (size) { if (size > XATTR_SIZE_MAX) return -E2BIG; kvalue = kvmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (!kvalue) return -ENOMEM; if (copy_from_user(kvalue, value, size)) { error = -EFAULT; goto out; } if ((strcmp(kname, XATTR_NAME_POSIX_ACL_ACCESS) == 0) || (strcmp(kname, XATTR_NAME_POSIX_ACL_DEFAULT) == 0)) posix_acl_fix_xattr_from_user(kvalue, size); else if (strcmp(kname, XATTR_NAME_CAPS) == 0) { error = cap_convert_nscap(d, &kvalue, size); if (error < 0) goto out; size = error; } } error = vfs_setxattr(d, kname, kvalue, size, flags); out: kvfree(kvalue); return error; } static int path_setxattr(const char __user *pathname, const char __user *name, const void __user *value, size_t size, int flags, unsigned int lookup_flags) { struct path path; int error; retry: error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, pathname, lookup_flags, &path); if (error) return error; error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (!error) { error = setxattr(path.dentry, name, value, size, flags); mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); } path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(setxattr, const char __user *, pathname, const char __user *, name, const void __user *, value, size_t, size, int, flags) { return path_setxattr(pathname, name, value, size, flags, LOOKUP_FOLLOW); } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(lsetxattr, const char __user *, pathname, const char __user *, name, const void __user *, value, size_t, size, int, flags) { return path_setxattr(pathname, name, value, size, flags, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(fsetxattr, int, fd, const char __user *, name, const void __user *,value, size_t, size, int, flags) { struct fd f = fdget(fd); int error = -EBADF; if (!f.file) return error; audit_file(f.file); error = mnt_want_write_file(f.file); if (!error) { error = setxattr(f.file->f_path.dentry, name, value, size, flags); mnt_drop_write_file(f.file); } fdput(f); return error; } /* * Extended attribute GET operations */ static ssize_t getxattr(struct dentry *d, const char __user *name, void __user *value, size_t size) { ssize_t error; void *kvalue = NULL; char kname[XATTR_NAME_MAX + 1]; error = strncpy_from_user(kname, name, sizeof(kname)); if (error == 0 || error == sizeof(kname)) error = -ERANGE; if (error < 0) return error; if (size) { if (size > XATTR_SIZE_MAX) size = XATTR_SIZE_MAX; kvalue = kvzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (!kvalue) return -ENOMEM; } error = vfs_getxattr(d, kname, kvalue, size); if (error > 0) { if ((strcmp(kname, XATTR_NAME_POSIX_ACL_ACCESS) == 0) || (strcmp(kname, XATTR_NAME_POSIX_ACL_DEFAULT) == 0)) posix_acl_fix_xattr_to_user(kvalue, error); if (size && copy_to_user(value, kvalue, error)) error = -EFAULT; } else if (error == -ERANGE && size >= XATTR_SIZE_MAX) { /* The file system tried to returned a value bigger than XATTR_SIZE_MAX bytes. Not possible. */ error = -E2BIG; } kvfree(kvalue); return error; } static ssize_t path_getxattr(const char __user *pathname, const char __user *name, void __user *value, size_t size, unsigned int lookup_flags) { struct path path; ssize_t error; retry: error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, pathname, lookup_flags, &path); if (error) return error; error = getxattr(path.dentry, name, value, size); path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(getxattr, const char __user *, pathname, const char __user *, name, void __user *, value, size_t, size) { return path_getxattr(pathname, name, value, size, LOOKUP_FOLLOW); } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(lgetxattr, const char __user *, pathname, const char __user *, name, void __user *, value, size_t, size) { return path_getxattr(pathname, name, value, size, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(fgetxattr, int, fd, const char __user *, name, void __user *, value, size_t, size) { struct fd f = fdget(fd); ssize_t error = -EBADF; if (!f.file) return error; audit_file(f.file); error = getxattr(f.file->f_path.dentry, name, value, size); fdput(f); return error; } /* * Extended attribute LIST operations */ static ssize_t listxattr(struct dentry *d, char __user *list, size_t size) { ssize_t error; char *klist = NULL; if (size) { if (size > XATTR_LIST_MAX) size = XATTR_LIST_MAX; klist = kvmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (!klist) return -ENOMEM; } error = vfs_listxattr(d, klist, size); if (error > 0) { if (size && copy_to_user(list, klist, error)) error = -EFAULT; } else if (error == -ERANGE && size >= XATTR_LIST_MAX) { /* The file system tried to returned a list bigger than XATTR_LIST_MAX bytes. Not possible. */ error = -E2BIG; } kvfree(klist); return error; } static ssize_t path_listxattr(const char __user *pathname, char __user *list, size_t size, unsigned int lookup_flags) { struct path path; ssize_t error; retry: error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, pathname, lookup_flags, &path); if (error) return error; error = listxattr(path.dentry, list, size); path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(listxattr, const char __user *, pathname, char __user *, list, size_t, size) { return path_listxattr(pathname, list, size, LOOKUP_FOLLOW); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(llistxattr, const char __user *, pathname, char __user *, list, size_t, size) { return path_listxattr(pathname, list, size, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(flistxattr, int, fd, char __user *, list, size_t, size) { struct fd f = fdget(fd); ssize_t error = -EBADF; if (!f.file) return error; audit_file(f.file); error = listxattr(f.file->f_path.dentry, list, size); fdput(f); return error; } /* * Extended attribute REMOVE operations */ static long removexattr(struct dentry *d, const char __user *name) { int error; char kname[XATTR_NAME_MAX + 1]; error = strncpy_from_user(kname, name, sizeof(kname)); if (error == 0 || error == sizeof(kname)) error = -ERANGE; if (error < 0) return error; return vfs_removexattr(d, kname); } static int path_removexattr(const char __user *pathname, const char __user *name, unsigned int lookup_flags) { struct path path; int error; retry: error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, pathname, lookup_flags, &path); if (error) return error; error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt); if (!error) { error = removexattr(path.dentry, name); mnt_drop_write(path.mnt); } path_put(&path); if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) { lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL; goto retry; } return error; } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(removexattr, const char __user *, pathname, const char __user *, name) { return path_removexattr(pathname, name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(lremovexattr, const char __user *, pathname, const char __user *, name) { return path_removexattr(pathname, name, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(fremovexattr, int, fd, const char __user *, name) { struct fd f = fdget(fd); int error = -EBADF; if (!f.file) return error; audit_file(f.file); error = mnt_want_write_file(f.file); if (!error) { error = removexattr(f.file->f_path.dentry, name); mnt_drop_write_file(f.file); } fdput(f); return error; } /* * Combine the results of the list() operation from every xattr_handler in the * list. */ ssize_t generic_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *buffer, size_t buffer_size) { const struct xattr_handler *handler, **handlers = dentry->d_sb->s_xattr; unsigned int size = 0; if (!buffer) { for_each_xattr_handler(handlers, handler) { if (!handler->name || (handler->list && !handler->list(dentry))) continue; size += strlen(handler->name) + 1; } } else { char *buf = buffer; size_t len; for_each_xattr_handler(handlers, handler) { if (!handler->name || (handler->list && !handler->list(dentry))) continue; len = strlen(handler->name); if (len + 1 > buffer_size) return -ERANGE; memcpy(buf, handler->name, len + 1); buf += len + 1; buffer_size -= len + 1; } size = buf - buffer; } return size; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_listxattr); /** * xattr_full_name - Compute full attribute name from suffix * * @handler: handler of the xattr_handler operation * @name: name passed to the xattr_handler operation * * The get and set xattr handler operations are called with the remainder of * the attribute name after skipping the handler's prefix: for example, "foo" * is passed to the get operation of a handler with prefix "user." to get * attribute "user.foo". The full name is still "there" in the name though. * * Note: the list xattr handler operation when called from the vfs is passed a * NULL name; some file systems use this operation internally, with varying * semantics. */ const char *xattr_full_name(const struct xattr_handler *handler, const char *name) { size_t prefix_len = strlen(xattr_prefix(handler)); return name - prefix_len; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(xattr_full_name); /* * Allocate new xattr and copy in the value; but leave the name to callers. */ struct simple_xattr *simple_xattr_alloc(const void *value, size_t size) { struct simple_xattr *new_xattr; size_t len; /* wrap around? */ len = sizeof(*new_xattr) + size; if (len < sizeof(*new_xattr)) return NULL; new_xattr = kvmalloc(len, GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_xattr) return NULL; new_xattr->size = size; memcpy(new_xattr->value, value, size); return new_xattr; } /* * xattr GET operation for in-memory/pseudo filesystems */ int simple_xattr_get(struct simple_xattrs *xattrs, const char *name, void *buffer, size_t size) { struct simple_xattr *xattr; int ret = -ENODATA; spin_lock(&xattrs->lock); list_for_each_entry(xattr, &xattrs->head, list) { if (strcmp(name, xattr->name)) continue; ret = xattr->size; if (buffer) { if (size < xattr->size) ret = -ERANGE; else memcpy(buffer, xattr->value, xattr->size); } break; } spin_unlock(&xattrs->lock); return ret; } /** * simple_xattr_set - xattr SET operation for in-memory/pseudo filesystems * @xattrs: target simple_xattr list * @name: name of the extended attribute * @value: value of the xattr. If %NULL, will remove the attribute. * @size: size of the new xattr * @flags: %XATTR_{CREATE|REPLACE} * @removed_size: returns size of the removed xattr, -1 if none removed * * %XATTR_CREATE is set, the xattr shouldn't exist already; otherwise fails * with -EEXIST. If %XATTR_REPLACE is set, the xattr should exist; * otherwise, fails with -ENODATA. * * Returns 0 on success, -errno on failure. */ int simple_xattr_set(struct simple_xattrs *xattrs, const char *name, const void *value, size_t size, int flags, ssize_t *removed_size) { struct simple_xattr *xattr; struct simple_xattr *new_xattr = NULL; int err = 0; if (removed_size) *removed_size = -1; /* value == NULL means remove */ if (value) { new_xattr = simple_xattr_alloc(value, size); if (!new_xattr) return -ENOMEM; new_xattr->name = kstrdup(name, GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_xattr->name) { kvfree(new_xattr); return -ENOMEM; } } spin_lock(&xattrs->lock); list_for_each_entry(xattr, &xattrs->head, list) { if (!strcmp(name, xattr->name)) { if (flags & XATTR_CREATE) { xattr = new_xattr; err = -EEXIST; } else if (new_xattr) { list_replace(&xattr->list, &new_xattr->list); if (removed_size) *removed_size = xattr->size; } else { list_del(&xattr->list); if (removed_size) *removed_size = xattr->size; } goto out; } } if (flags & XATTR_REPLACE) { xattr = new_xattr; err = -ENODATA; } else { list_add(&new_xattr->list, &xattrs->head); xattr = NULL; } out: spin_unlock(&xattrs->lock); if (xattr) { kfree(xattr->name); kvfree(xattr); } return err; } static bool xattr_is_trusted(const char *name) { return !strncmp(name, XATTR_TRUSTED_PREFIX, XATTR_TRUSTED_PREFIX_LEN); } static int xattr_list_one(char **buffer, ssize_t *remaining_size, const char *name) { size_t len = strlen(name) + 1; if (*buffer) { if (*remaining_size < len) return -ERANGE; memcpy(*buffer, name, len); *buffer += len; } *remaining_size -= len; return 0; } /* * xattr LIST operation for in-memory/pseudo filesystems */ ssize_t simple_xattr_list(struct inode *inode, struct simple_xattrs *xattrs, char *buffer, size_t size) { bool trusted = capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN); struct simple_xattr *xattr; ssize_t remaining_size = size; int err = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_POSIX_ACL if (IS_POSIXACL(inode)) { if (inode->i_acl) { err = xattr_list_one(&buffer, &remaining_size, XATTR_NAME_POSIX_ACL_ACCESS); if (err) return err; } if (inode->i_default_acl) { err = xattr_list_one(&buffer, &remaining_size, XATTR_NAME_POSIX_ACL_DEFAULT); if (err) return err; } } #endif spin_lock(&xattrs->lock); list_for_each_entry(xattr, &xattrs->head, list) { /* skip "trusted." attributes for unprivileged callers */ if (!trusted && xattr_is_trusted(xattr->name)) continue; err = xattr_list_one(&buffer, &remaining_size, xattr->name); if (err) break; } spin_unlock(&xattrs->lock); return err ? err : size - remaining_size; } /* * Adds an extended attribute to the list */ void simple_xattr_list_add(struct simple_xattrs *xattrs, struct simple_xattr *new_xattr) { spin_lock(&xattrs->lock); list_add(&new_xattr->list, &xattrs->head); spin_unlock(&xattrs->lock); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_BYTEORDER_GENERIC_H #define _LINUX_BYTEORDER_GENERIC_H /* * linux/byteorder/generic.h * Generic Byte-reordering support * * The "... p" macros, like le64_to_cpup, can be used with pointers * to unaligned data, but there will be a performance penalty on * some architectures. Use get_unaligned for unaligned data. * * Francois-Rene Rideau <fare@tunes.org> 19970707 * gathered all the good ideas from all asm-foo/byteorder.h into one file, * cleaned them up. * I hope it is compliant with non-GCC compilers. * I decided to put __BYTEORDER_HAS_U64__ in byteorder.h, * because I wasn't sure it would be ok to put it in types.h * Upgraded it to 2.1.43 * Francois-Rene Rideau <fare@tunes.org> 19971012 * Upgraded it to 2.1.57 * to please Linus T., replaced huge #ifdef's between little/big endian * by nestedly #include'd files. * Francois-Rene Rideau <fare@tunes.org> 19971205 * Made it to 2.1.71; now a facelift: * Put files under include/linux/byteorder/ * Split swab from generic support. * * TODO: * = Regular kernel maintainers could also replace all these manual * byteswap macros that remain, disseminated among drivers, * after some grep or the sources... * = Linus might want to rename all these macros and files to fit his taste, * to fit his personal naming scheme. * = it seems that a few drivers would also appreciate * nybble swapping support... * = every architecture could add their byteswap macro in asm/byteorder.h * see how some architectures already do (i386, alpha, ppc, etc) * = cpu_to_beXX and beXX_to_cpu might some day need to be well * distinguished throughout the kernel. This is not the case currently, * since little endian, big endian, and pdp endian machines needn't it. * But this might be the case for, say, a port of Linux to 20/21 bit * architectures (and F21 Linux addict around?). */ /* * The following macros are to be defined by <asm/byteorder.h>: * * Conversion of long and short int between network and host format * ntohl(__u32 x) * ntohs(__u16 x) * htonl(__u32 x) * htons(__u16 x) * It seems that some programs (which? where? or perhaps a standard? POSIX?) * might like the above to be functions, not macros (why?). * if that's true, then detect them, and take measures. * Anyway, the measure is: define only ___ntohl as a macro instead, * and in a separate file, have * unsigned long inline ntohl(x){return ___ntohl(x);} * * The same for constant arguments * __constant_ntohl(__u32 x) * __constant_ntohs(__u16 x) * __constant_htonl(__u32 x) * __constant_htons(__u16 x) * * Conversion of XX-bit integers (16- 32- or 64-) * between native CPU format and little/big endian format * 64-bit stuff only defined for proper architectures * cpu_to_[bl]eXX(__uXX x) * [bl]eXX_to_cpu(__uXX x) * * The same, but takes a pointer to the value to convert * cpu_to_[bl]eXXp(__uXX x) * [bl]eXX_to_cpup(__uXX x) * * The same, but change in situ * cpu_to_[bl]eXXs(__uXX x) * [bl]eXX_to_cpus(__uXX x) * * See asm-foo/byteorder.h for examples of how to provide * architecture-optimized versions * */ #define cpu_to_le64 __cpu_to_le64 #define le64_to_cpu __le64_to_cpu #define cpu_to_le32 __cpu_to_le32 #define le32_to_cpu __le32_to_cpu #define cpu_to_le16 __cpu_to_le16 #define le16_to_cpu __le16_to_cpu #define cpu_to_be64 __cpu_to_be64 #define be64_to_cpu __be64_to_cpu #define cpu_to_be32 __cpu_to_be32 #define be32_to_cpu __be32_to_cpu #define cpu_to_be16 __cpu_to_be16 #define be16_to_cpu __be16_to_cpu #define cpu_to_le64p __cpu_to_le64p #define le64_to_cpup __le64_to_cpup #define cpu_to_le32p __cpu_to_le32p #define le32_to_cpup __le32_to_cpup #define cpu_to_le16p __cpu_to_le16p #define le16_to_cpup __le16_to_cpup #define cpu_to_be64p __cpu_to_be64p #define be64_to_cpup __be64_to_cpup #define cpu_to_be32p __cpu_to_be32p #define be32_to_cpup __be32_to_cpup #define cpu_to_be16p __cpu_to_be16p #define be16_to_cpup __be16_to_cpup #define cpu_to_le64s __cpu_to_le64s #define le64_to_cpus __le64_to_cpus #define cpu_to_le32s __cpu_to_le32s #define le32_to_cpus __le32_to_cpus #define cpu_to_le16s __cpu_to_le16s #define le16_to_cpus __le16_to_cpus #define cpu_to_be64s __cpu_to_be64s #define be64_to_cpus __be64_to_cpus #define cpu_to_be32s __cpu_to_be32s #define be32_to_cpus __be32_to_cpus #define cpu_to_be16s __cpu_to_be16s #define be16_to_cpus __be16_to_cpus /* * They have to be macros in order to do the constant folding * correctly - if the argument passed into a inline function * it is no longer constant according to gcc.. */ #undef ntohl #undef ntohs #undef htonl #undef htons #define ___htonl(x) __cpu_to_be32(x) #define ___htons(x) __cpu_to_be16(x) #define ___ntohl(x) __be32_to_cpu(x) #define ___ntohs(x) __be16_to_cpu(x) #define htonl(x) ___htonl(x) #define ntohl(x) ___ntohl(x) #define htons(x) ___htons(x) #define ntohs(x) ___ntohs(x) static inline void le16_add_cpu(__le16 *var, u16 val) { *var = cpu_to_le16(le16_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void le32_add_cpu(__le32 *var, u32 val) { *var = cpu_to_le32(le32_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void le64_add_cpu(__le64 *var, u64 val) { *var = cpu_to_le64(le64_to_cpu(*var) + val); } /* XXX: this stuff can be optimized */ static inline void le32_to_cpu_array(u32 *buf, unsigned int words) { while (words--) { __le32_to_cpus(buf); buf++; } } static inline void cpu_to_le32_array(u32 *buf, unsigned int words) { while (words--) { __cpu_to_le32s(buf); buf++; } } static inline void be16_add_cpu(__be16 *var, u16 val) { *var = cpu_to_be16(be16_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void be32_add_cpu(__be32 *var, u32 val) { *var = cpu_to_be32(be32_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void be64_add_cpu(__be64 *var, u64 val) { *var = cpu_to_be64(be64_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void cpu_to_be32_array(__be32 *dst, const u32 *src, size_t len) { int i; for (i = 0; i < len; i++) dst[i] = cpu_to_be32(src[i]); } static inline void be32_to_cpu_array(u32 *dst, const __be32 *src, size_t len) { int i; for (i = 0; i < len; i++) dst[i] = be32_to_cpu(src[i]); } #endif /* _LINUX_BYTEORDER_GENERIC_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright (C) 1999-2002 Vojtech Pavlik */ #ifndef _SERIO_H #define _SERIO_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/mod_devicetable.h> #include <uapi/linux/serio.h> extern struct bus_type serio_bus; struct serio { void *port_data; char name[32]; char phys[32]; char firmware_id[128]; bool manual_bind; struct serio_device_id id; /* Protects critical sections from port's interrupt handler */ spinlock_t lock; int (*write)(struct serio *, unsigned char); int (*open)(struct serio *); void (*close)(struct serio *); int (*start)(struct serio *); void (*stop)(struct serio *); struct serio *parent; /* Entry in parent->children list */ struct list_head child_node; struct list_head children; /* Level of nesting in serio hierarchy */ unsigned int depth; /* * serio->drv is accessed from interrupt handlers; when modifying * caller should acquire serio->drv_mutex and serio->lock. */ struct serio_driver *drv; /* Protects serio->drv so attributes can pin current driver */ struct mutex drv_mutex; struct device dev; struct list_head node; /* * For use by PS/2 layer when several ports share hardware and * may get indigestion when exposed to concurrent access (i8042). */ struct mutex *ps2_cmd_mutex; }; #define to_serio_port(d) container_of(d, struct serio, dev) struct serio_driver { const char *description; const struct serio_device_id *id_table; bool manual_bind; void (*write_wakeup)(struct serio *); irqreturn_t (*interrupt)(struct serio *, unsigned char, unsigned int); int (*connect)(struct serio *, struct serio_driver *drv); int (*reconnect)(struct serio *); int (*fast_reconnect)(struct serio *); void (*disconnect)(struct serio *); void (*cleanup)(struct serio *); struct device_driver driver; }; #define to_serio_driver(d) container_of(d, struct serio_driver, driver) int serio_open(struct serio *serio, struct serio_driver *drv); void serio_close(struct serio *serio); void serio_rescan(struct serio *serio); void serio_reconnect(struct serio *serio); irqreturn_t serio_interrupt(struct serio *serio, unsigned char data, unsigned int flags); void __serio_register_port(struct serio *serio, struct module *owner); /* use a define to avoid include chaining to get THIS_MODULE */ #define serio_register_port(serio) \ __serio_register_port(serio, THIS_MODULE) void serio_unregister_port(struct serio *serio); void serio_unregister_child_port(struct serio *serio); int __must_check __serio_register_driver(struct serio_driver *drv, struct module *owner, const char *mod_name); /* use a define to avoid include chaining to get THIS_MODULE & friends */ #define serio_register_driver(drv) \ __serio_register_driver(drv, THIS_MODULE, KBUILD_MODNAME) void serio_unregister_driver(struct serio_driver *drv); /** * module_serio_driver() - Helper macro for registering a serio driver * @__serio_driver: serio_driver struct * * Helper macro for serio drivers which do not do anything special in * module init/exit. This eliminates a lot of boilerplate. Each module * may only use this macro once, and calling it replaces module_init() * and module_exit(). */ #define module_serio_driver(__serio_driver) \ module_driver(__serio_driver, serio_register_driver, \ serio_unregister_driver) static inline int serio_write(struct serio *serio, unsigned char data) { if (serio->write) return serio->write(serio, data); else return -1; } static inline void serio_drv_write_wakeup(struct serio *serio) { if (serio->drv && serio->drv->write_wakeup) serio->drv->write_wakeup(serio); } /* * Use the following functions to manipulate serio's per-port * driver-specific data. */ static inline void *serio_get_drvdata(struct serio *serio) { return dev_get_drvdata(&serio->dev); } static inline void serio_set_drvdata(struct serio *serio, void *data) { dev_set_drvdata(&serio->dev, data); } /* * Use the following functions to protect critical sections in * driver code from port's interrupt handler */ static inline void serio_pause_rx(struct serio *serio) { spin_lock_irq(&serio->lock); } static inline void serio_continue_rx(struct serio *serio) { spin_unlock_irq(&serio->lock); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_DEFS_H #define _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_DEFS_H #include <linux/const.h> #include <linux/mem_encrypt.h> #include <asm/page_types.h> #define FIRST_USER_ADDRESS 0UL #define _PAGE_BIT_PRESENT 0 /* is present */ #define _PAGE_BIT_RW 1 /* writeable */ #define _PAGE_BIT_USER 2 /* userspace addressable */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PWT 3 /* page write through */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PCD 4 /* page cache disabled */ #define _PAGE_BIT_ACCESSED 5 /* was accessed (raised by CPU) */ #define _PAGE_BIT_DIRTY 6 /* was written to (raised by CPU) */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PSE 7 /* 4 MB (or 2MB) page */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PAT 7 /* on 4KB pages */ #define _PAGE_BIT_GLOBAL 8 /* Global TLB entry PPro+ */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW1 9 /* available for programmer */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW2 10 /* " */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW3 11 /* " */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PAT_LARGE 12 /* On 2MB or 1GB pages */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW4 58 /* available for programmer */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT0 59 /* Protection Keys, bit 1/4 */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT1 60 /* Protection Keys, bit 2/4 */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT2 61 /* Protection Keys, bit 3/4 */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT3 62 /* Protection Keys, bit 4/4 */ #define _PAGE_BIT_NX 63 /* No execute: only valid after cpuid check */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SPECIAL _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW1 #define _PAGE_BIT_CPA_TEST _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW1 #define _PAGE_BIT_UFFD_WP _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW2 /* userfaultfd wrprotected */ #define _PAGE_BIT_SOFT_DIRTY _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW3 /* software dirty tracking */ #define _PAGE_BIT_DEVMAP _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW4 /* If _PAGE_BIT_PRESENT is clear, we use these: */ /* - if the user mapped it with PROT_NONE; pte_present gives true */ #define _PAGE_BIT_PROTNONE _PAGE_BIT_GLOBAL #define _PAGE_PRESENT (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PRESENT) #define _PAGE_RW (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_RW) #define _PAGE_USER (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_USER) #define _PAGE_PWT (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PWT) #define _PAGE_PCD (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PCD) #define _PAGE_ACCESSED (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_ACCESSED) #define _PAGE_DIRTY (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_DIRTY) #define _PAGE_PSE (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PSE) #define _PAGE_GLOBAL (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_GLOBAL) #define _PAGE_SOFTW1 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW1) #define _PAGE_SOFTW2 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW2) #define _PAGE_SOFTW3 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_SOFTW3) #define _PAGE_PAT (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PAT) #define _PAGE_PAT_LARGE (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PAT_LARGE) #define _PAGE_SPECIAL (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_SPECIAL) #define _PAGE_CPA_TEST (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_CPA_TEST) #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT0 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT0) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT1 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT1) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT2 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT2) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT3 (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT3) #else #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT0 (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT1 (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT2 (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #define _PAGE_PKEY_BIT3 (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #endif #define _PAGE_PKEY_MASK (_PAGE_PKEY_BIT0 | \ _PAGE_PKEY_BIT1 | \ _PAGE_PKEY_BIT2 | \ _PAGE_PKEY_BIT3) #if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) || defined(CONFIG_X86_PAE) #define _PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK (_PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_ACCESSED) #else #define _PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY #define _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_SOFT_DIRTY) #else #define _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #endif /* * Tracking soft dirty bit when a page goes to a swap is tricky. * We need a bit which can be stored in pte _and_ not conflict * with swap entry format. On x86 bits 1-4 are *not* involved * into swap entry computation, but bit 7 is used for thp migration, * so we borrow bit 1 for soft dirty tracking. * * Please note that this bit must be treated as swap dirty page * mark if and only if the PTE/PMD has present bit clear! */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY #define _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY _PAGE_RW #else #define _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP #define _PAGE_UFFD_WP (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_UFFD_WP) #define _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP _PAGE_USER #else #define _PAGE_UFFD_WP (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #define _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #endif #if defined(CONFIG_X86_64) || defined(CONFIG_X86_PAE) #define _PAGE_NX (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_NX) #define _PAGE_DEVMAP (_AT(u64, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_DEVMAP) #else #define _PAGE_NX (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #define _PAGE_DEVMAP (_AT(pteval_t, 0)) #endif #define _PAGE_PROTNONE (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PROTNONE) /* * Set of bits not changed in pte_modify. The pte's * protection key is treated like _PAGE_RW, for * instance, and is *not* included in this mask since * pte_modify() does modify it. */ #define _PAGE_CHG_MASK (PTE_PFN_MASK | _PAGE_PCD | _PAGE_PWT | \ _PAGE_SPECIAL | _PAGE_ACCESSED | _PAGE_DIRTY | \ _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY | _PAGE_DEVMAP | _PAGE_ENC | \ _PAGE_UFFD_WP) #define _HPAGE_CHG_MASK (_PAGE_CHG_MASK | _PAGE_PSE) /* * The cache modes defined here are used to translate between pure SW usage * and the HW defined cache mode bits and/or PAT entries. * * The resulting bits for PWT, PCD and PAT should be chosen in a way * to have the WB mode at index 0 (all bits clear). This is the default * right now and likely would break too much if changed. */ #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ enum page_cache_mode { _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB = 0, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC = 1, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS = 2, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC = 3, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT = 4, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WP = 5, _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_NUM = 8 }; #endif #define _PAGE_ENC (_AT(pteval_t, sme_me_mask)) #define _PAGE_CACHE_MASK (_PAGE_PWT | _PAGE_PCD | _PAGE_PAT) #define _PAGE_LARGE_CACHE_MASK (_PAGE_PWT | _PAGE_PCD | _PAGE_PAT_LARGE) #define _PAGE_NOCACHE (cachemode2protval(_PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC)) #define _PAGE_CACHE_WP (cachemode2protval(_PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WP)) #define __PP _PAGE_PRESENT #define __RW _PAGE_RW #define _USR _PAGE_USER #define ___A _PAGE_ACCESSED #define ___D _PAGE_DIRTY #define ___G _PAGE_GLOBAL #define __NX _PAGE_NX #define _ENC _PAGE_ENC #define __WP _PAGE_CACHE_WP #define __NC _PAGE_NOCACHE #define _PSE _PAGE_PSE #define pgprot_val(x) ((x).pgprot) #define __pgprot(x) ((pgprot_t) { (x) } ) #define __pg(x) __pgprot(x) #define _PAGE_PAT_LARGE (_AT(pteval_t, 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PAT_LARGE) #define PAGE_NONE __pg( 0| 0| 0|___A| 0| 0| 0|___G) #define PAGE_SHARED __pg(__PP|__RW|_USR|___A|__NX| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_SHARED_EXEC __pg(__PP|__RW|_USR|___A| 0| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_COPY_NOEXEC __pg(__PP| 0|_USR|___A|__NX| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_COPY_EXEC __pg(__PP| 0|_USR|___A| 0| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_COPY __pg(__PP| 0|_USR|___A|__NX| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_READONLY __pg(__PP| 0|_USR|___A|__NX| 0| 0| 0) #define PAGE_READONLY_EXEC __pg(__PP| 0|_USR|___A| 0| 0| 0| 0) #define __PAGE_KERNEL (__PP|__RW| 0|___A|__NX|___D| 0|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC (__PP|__RW| 0|___A| 0|___D| 0|___G) #define _KERNPG_TABLE_NOENC (__PP|__RW| 0|___A| 0|___D| 0| 0) #define _KERNPG_TABLE (__PP|__RW| 0|___A| 0|___D| 0| 0| _ENC) #define _PAGE_TABLE_NOENC (__PP|__RW|_USR|___A| 0|___D| 0| 0) #define _PAGE_TABLE (__PP|__RW|_USR|___A| 0|___D| 0| 0| _ENC) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_RO (__PP| 0| 0|___A|__NX|___D| 0|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_ROX (__PP| 0| 0|___A| 0|___D| 0|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE (__PP|__RW| 0|___A|__NX|___D| 0|___G| __NC) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_VVAR (__PP| 0|_USR|___A|__NX|___D| 0|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE (__PP|__RW| 0|___A|__NX|___D|_PSE|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC (__PP|__RW| 0|___A| 0|___D|_PSE|___G) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_WP (__PP|__RW| 0|___A|__NX|___D| 0|___G| __WP) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_IO __PAGE_KERNEL #define __PAGE_KERNEL_IO_NOCACHE __PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #define __PAGE_KERNEL_ENC (__PAGE_KERNEL | _ENC) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_ENC_WP (__PAGE_KERNEL_WP | _ENC) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_NOENC (__PAGE_KERNEL | 0) #define __PAGE_KERNEL_NOENC_WP (__PAGE_KERNEL_WP | 0) #define __pgprot_mask(x) __pgprot((x) & __default_kernel_pte_mask) #define PAGE_KERNEL __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_NOENC __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL | 0) #define PAGE_KERNEL_RO __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_RO | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC_NOENC __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC | 0) #define PAGE_KERNEL_ROX __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_ROX | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_VVAR __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_VVAR | _ENC) #define PAGE_KERNEL_IO __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_IO) #define PAGE_KERNEL_IO_NOCACHE __pgprot_mask(__PAGE_KERNEL_IO_NOCACHE) #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ /* xwr */ #define __P000 PAGE_NONE #define __P001 PAGE_READONLY #define __P010 PAGE_COPY #define __P011 PAGE_COPY #define __P100 PAGE_READONLY_EXEC #define __P101 PAGE_READONLY_EXEC #define __P110 PAGE_COPY_EXEC #define __P111 PAGE_COPY_EXEC #define __S000 PAGE_NONE #define __S001 PAGE_READONLY #define __S010 PAGE_SHARED #define __S011 PAGE_SHARED #define __S100 PAGE_READONLY_EXEC #define __S101 PAGE_READONLY_EXEC #define __S110 PAGE_SHARED_EXEC #define __S111 PAGE_SHARED_EXEC /* * early identity mapping pte attrib macros. */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 #define __PAGE_KERNEL_IDENT_LARGE_EXEC __PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC #else #define PTE_IDENT_ATTR 0x003 /* PRESENT+RW */ #define PDE_IDENT_ATTR 0x063 /* PRESENT+RW+DIRTY+ACCESSED */ #define PGD_IDENT_ATTR 0x001 /* PRESENT (no other attributes) */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # include <asm/pgtable_32_types.h> #else # include <asm/pgtable_64_types.h> #endif #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/types.h> /* Extracts the PFN from a (pte|pmd|pud|pgd)val_t of a 4KB page */ #define PTE_PFN_MASK ((pteval_t)PHYSICAL_PAGE_MASK) /* * Extracts the flags from a (pte|pmd|pud|pgd)val_t * This includes the protection key value. */ #define PTE_FLAGS_MASK (~PTE_PFN_MASK) typedef struct pgprot { pgprotval_t pgprot; } pgprot_t; typedef struct { pgdval_t pgd; } pgd_t; static inline pgprot_t pgprot_nx(pgprot_t prot) { return __pgprot(pgprot_val(prot) | _PAGE_NX); } #define pgprot_nx pgprot_nx #ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE /* * PHYSICAL_PAGE_MASK might be non-constant when SME is compiled in, so we can't * use it here. */ #define PGD_PAE_PAGE_MASK ((signed long)PAGE_MASK) #define PGD_PAE_PHYS_MASK (((1ULL << __PHYSICAL_MASK_SHIFT)-1) & PGD_PAE_PAGE_MASK) /* * PAE allows Base Address, P, PWT, PCD and AVL bits to be set in PGD entries. * All other bits are Reserved MBZ */ #define PGD_ALLOWED_BITS (PGD_PAE_PHYS_MASK | _PAGE_PRESENT | \ _PAGE_PWT | _PAGE_PCD | \ _PAGE_SOFTW1 | _PAGE_SOFTW2 | _PAGE_SOFTW3) #else /* No need to mask any bits for !PAE */ #define PGD_ALLOWED_BITS (~0ULL) #endif static inline pgd_t native_make_pgd(pgdval_t val) { return (pgd_t) { val & PGD_ALLOWED_BITS }; } static inline pgdval_t native_pgd_val(pgd_t pgd) { return pgd.pgd & PGD_ALLOWED_BITS; } static inline pgdval_t pgd_flags(pgd_t pgd) { return native_pgd_val(pgd) & PTE_FLAGS_MASK; } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 typedef struct { p4dval_t p4d; } p4d_t; static inline p4d_t native_make_p4d(pudval_t val) { return (p4d_t) { val }; } static inline p4dval_t native_p4d_val(p4d_t p4d) { return p4d.p4d; } #else #include <asm-generic/pgtable-nop4d.h> static inline p4d_t native_make_p4d(pudval_t val) { return (p4d_t) { .pgd = native_make_pgd((pgdval_t)val) }; } static inline p4dval_t native_p4d_val(p4d_t p4d) { return native_pgd_val(p4d.pgd); } #endif #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 typedef struct { pudval_t pud; } pud_t; static inline pud_t native_make_pud(pmdval_t val) { return (pud_t) { val }; } static inline pudval_t native_pud_val(pud_t pud) { return pud.pud; } #else #include <asm-generic/pgtable-nopud.h> static inline pud_t native_make_pud(pudval_t val) { return (pud_t) { .p4d.pgd = native_make_pgd(val) }; } static inline pudval_t native_pud_val(pud_t pud) { return native_pgd_val(pud.p4d.pgd); } #endif #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 typedef struct { pmdval_t pmd; } pmd_t; static inline pmd_t native_make_pmd(pmdval_t val) { return (pmd_t) { val }; } static inline pmdval_t native_pmd_val(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd.pmd; } #else #include <asm-generic/pgtable-nopmd.h> static inline pmd_t native_make_pmd(pmdval_t val) { return (pmd_t) { .pud.p4d.pgd = native_make_pgd(val) }; } static inline pmdval_t native_pmd_val(pmd_t pmd) { return native_pgd_val(pmd.pud.p4d.pgd); } #endif static inline p4dval_t p4d_pfn_mask(p4d_t p4d) { /* No 512 GiB huge pages yet */ return PTE_PFN_MASK; } static inline p4dval_t p4d_flags_mask(p4d_t p4d) { return ~p4d_pfn_mask(p4d); } static inline p4dval_t p4d_flags(p4d_t p4d) { return native_p4d_val(p4d) & p4d_flags_mask(p4d); } static inline pudval_t pud_pfn_mask(pud_t pud) { if (native_pud_val(pud) & _PAGE_PSE) return PHYSICAL_PUD_PAGE_MASK; else return PTE_PFN_MASK; } static inline pudval_t pud_flags_mask(pud_t pud) { return ~pud_pfn_mask(pud); } static inline pudval_t pud_flags(pud_t pud) { return native_pud_val(pud) & pud_flags_mask(pud); } static inline pmdval_t pmd_pfn_mask(pmd_t pmd) { if (native_pmd_val(pmd) & _PAGE_PSE) return PHYSICAL_PMD_PAGE_MASK; else return PTE_PFN_MASK; } static inline pmdval_t pmd_flags_mask(pmd_t pmd) { return ~pmd_pfn_mask(pmd); } static inline pmdval_t pmd_flags(pmd_t pmd) { return native_pmd_val(pmd) & pmd_flags_mask(pmd); } static inline pte_t native_make_pte(pteval_t val) { return (pte_t) { .pte = val }; } static inline pteval_t native_pte_val(pte_t pte) { return pte.pte; } static inline pteval_t pte_flags(pte_t pte) { return native_pte_val(pte) & PTE_FLAGS_MASK; } #define __pte2cm_idx(cb) \ ((((cb) >> (_PAGE_BIT_PAT - 2)) & 4) | \ (((cb) >> (_PAGE_BIT_PCD - 1)) & 2) | \ (((cb) >> _PAGE_BIT_PWT) & 1)) #define __cm_idx2pte(i) \ ((((i) & 4) << (_PAGE_BIT_PAT - 2)) | \ (((i) & 2) << (_PAGE_BIT_PCD - 1)) | \ (((i) & 1) << _PAGE_BIT_PWT)) unsigned long cachemode2protval(enum page_cache_mode pcm); static inline pgprotval_t protval_4k_2_large(pgprotval_t val) { return (val & ~(_PAGE_PAT | _PAGE_PAT_LARGE)) | ((val & _PAGE_PAT) << (_PAGE_BIT_PAT_LARGE - _PAGE_BIT_PAT)); } static inline pgprot_t pgprot_4k_2_large(pgprot_t pgprot) { return __pgprot(protval_4k_2_large(pgprot_val(pgprot))); } static inline pgprotval_t protval_large_2_4k(pgprotval_t val) { return (val & ~(_PAGE_PAT | _PAGE_PAT_LARGE)) | ((val & _PAGE_PAT_LARGE) >> (_PAGE_BIT_PAT_LARGE - _PAGE_BIT_PAT)); } static inline pgprot_t pgprot_large_2_4k(pgprot_t pgprot) { return __pgprot(protval_large_2_4k(pgprot_val(pgprot))); } typedef struct page *pgtable_t; extern pteval_t __supported_pte_mask; extern pteval_t __default_kernel_pte_mask; extern void set_nx(void); extern int nx_enabled; #define pgprot_writecombine pgprot_writecombine extern pgprot_t pgprot_writecombine(pgprot_t prot); #define pgprot_writethrough pgprot_writethrough extern pgprot_t pgprot_writethrough(pgprot_t prot); /* Indicate that x86 has its own track and untrack pfn vma functions */ #define __HAVE_PFNMAP_TRACKING #define __HAVE_PHYS_MEM_ACCESS_PROT struct file; pgprot_t phys_mem_access_prot(struct file *file, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t vma_prot); /* Install a pte for a particular vaddr in kernel space. */ void set_pte_vaddr(unsigned long vaddr, pte_t pte); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 extern void native_pagetable_init(void); #else #define native_pagetable_init paging_init #endif struct seq_file; extern void arch_report_meminfo(struct seq_file *m); enum pg_level { PG_LEVEL_NONE, PG_LEVEL_4K, PG_LEVEL_2M, PG_LEVEL_1G, PG_LEVEL_512G, PG_LEVEL_NUM }; #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS extern void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages); #else static inline void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages) { } #endif /* * Helper function that returns the kernel pagetable entry controlling * the virtual address 'address'. NULL means no pagetable entry present. * NOTE: the return type is pte_t but if the pmd is PSE then we return it * as a pte too. */ extern pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address, unsigned int *level); extern pte_t *lookup_address_in_pgd(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address, unsigned int *level); struct mm_struct; extern pte_t *lookup_address_in_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int *level); extern pmd_t *lookup_pmd_address(unsigned long address); extern phys_addr_t slow_virt_to_phys(void *__address); extern int __init kernel_map_pages_in_pgd(pgd_t *pgd, u64 pfn, unsigned long address, unsigned numpages, unsigned long page_flags); extern int __init kernel_unmap_pages_in_pgd(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address, unsigned long numpages); #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_DEFS_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM vmscan #if !defined(_TRACE_VMSCAN_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_VMSCAN_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> #define RECLAIM_WB_ANON 0x0001u #define RECLAIM_WB_FILE 0x0002u #define RECLAIM_WB_MIXED 0x0010u #define RECLAIM_WB_SYNC 0x0004u /* Unused, all reclaim async */ #define RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC 0x0008u #define RECLAIM_WB_LRU (RECLAIM_WB_ANON|RECLAIM_WB_FILE) #define show_reclaim_flags(flags) \ (flags) ? __print_flags(flags, "|", \ {RECLAIM_WB_ANON, "RECLAIM_WB_ANON"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_FILE, "RECLAIM_WB_FILE"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_MIXED, "RECLAIM_WB_MIXED"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_SYNC, "RECLAIM_WB_SYNC"}, \ {RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC, "RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC"} \ ) : "RECLAIM_WB_NONE" #define trace_reclaim_flags(file) ( \ (file ? RECLAIM_WB_FILE : RECLAIM_WB_ANON) | \ (RECLAIM_WB_ASYNC) \ ) TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_kswapd_sleep, TP_PROTO(int nid), TP_ARGS(nid), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nid ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; ), TP_printk("nid=%d", __entry->nid) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_kswapd_wake, TP_PROTO(int nid, int zid, int order), TP_ARGS(nid, zid, order), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nid ) __field( int, zid ) __field( int, order ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->zid = zid; __entry->order = order; ), TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d", __entry->nid, __entry->order) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_wakeup_kswapd, TP_PROTO(int nid, int zid, int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(nid, zid, order, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nid ) __field( int, zid ) __field( int, order ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->zid = zid; __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, order ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("order=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags) ); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_begin_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_softlimit_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(order, gfp_flags) ); #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, nr_reclaimed ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nr_reclaimed = nr_reclaimed; ), TP_printk("nr_reclaimed=%lu", __entry->nr_reclaimed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_memcg_softlimit_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ TRACE_EVENT(mm_shrink_slab_start, TP_PROTO(struct shrinker *shr, struct shrink_control *sc, long nr_objects_to_shrink, unsigned long cache_items, unsigned long long delta, unsigned long total_scan, int priority), TP_ARGS(shr, sc, nr_objects_to_shrink, cache_items, delta, total_scan, priority), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct shrinker *, shr) __field(void *, shrink) __field(int, nid) __field(long, nr_objects_to_shrink) __field(gfp_t, gfp_flags) __field(unsigned long, cache_items) __field(unsigned long long, delta) __field(unsigned long, total_scan) __field(int, priority) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->shr = shr; __entry->shrink = shr->scan_objects; __entry->nid = sc->nid; __entry->nr_objects_to_shrink = nr_objects_to_shrink; __entry->gfp_flags = sc->gfp_mask; __entry->cache_items = cache_items; __entry->delta = delta; __entry->total_scan = total_scan; __entry->priority = priority; ), TP_printk("%pS %p: nid: %d objects to shrink %ld gfp_flags %s cache items %ld delta %lld total_scan %ld priority %d", __entry->shrink, __entry->shr, __entry->nid, __entry->nr_objects_to_shrink, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags), __entry->cache_items, __entry->delta, __entry->total_scan, __entry->priority) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_shrink_slab_end, TP_PROTO(struct shrinker *shr, int nid, int shrinker_retval, long unused_scan_cnt, long new_scan_cnt, long total_scan), TP_ARGS(shr, nid, shrinker_retval, unused_scan_cnt, new_scan_cnt, total_scan), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(struct shrinker *, shr) __field(int, nid) __field(void *, shrink) __field(long, unused_scan) __field(long, new_scan) __field(int, retval) __field(long, total_scan) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->shr = shr; __entry->nid = nid; __entry->shrink = shr->scan_objects; __entry->unused_scan = unused_scan_cnt; __entry->new_scan = new_scan_cnt; __entry->retval = shrinker_retval; __entry->total_scan = total_scan; ), TP_printk("%pS %p: nid: %d unused scan count %ld new scan count %ld total_scan %ld last shrinker return val %d", __entry->shrink, __entry->shr, __entry->nid, __entry->unused_scan, __entry->new_scan, __entry->total_scan, __entry->retval) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_lru_isolate, TP_PROTO(int highest_zoneidx, int order, unsigned long nr_requested, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_skipped, unsigned long nr_taken, isolate_mode_t isolate_mode, int lru), TP_ARGS(highest_zoneidx, order, nr_requested, nr_scanned, nr_skipped, nr_taken, isolate_mode, lru), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, highest_zoneidx) __field(int, order) __field(unsigned long, nr_requested) __field(unsigned long, nr_scanned) __field(unsigned long, nr_skipped) __field(unsigned long, nr_taken) __field(isolate_mode_t, isolate_mode) __field(int, lru) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->highest_zoneidx = highest_zoneidx; __entry->order = order; __entry->nr_requested = nr_requested; __entry->nr_scanned = nr_scanned; __entry->nr_skipped = nr_skipped; __entry->nr_taken = nr_taken; __entry->isolate_mode = isolate_mode; __entry->lru = lru; ), /* * classzone is previous name of the highest_zoneidx. * Reason not to change it is the ABI requirement of the tracepoint. */ TP_printk("isolate_mode=%d classzone=%d order=%d nr_requested=%lu nr_scanned=%lu nr_skipped=%lu nr_taken=%lu lru=%s", __entry->isolate_mode, __entry->highest_zoneidx, __entry->order, __entry->nr_requested, __entry->nr_scanned, __entry->nr_skipped, __entry->nr_taken, __print_symbolic(__entry->lru, LRU_NAMES)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_writepage, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned long, pfn) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags( page_is_file_lru(page)); ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu flags=%s", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_inactive, TP_PROTO(int nid, unsigned long nr_scanned, unsigned long nr_reclaimed, struct reclaim_stat *stat, int priority, int file), TP_ARGS(nid, nr_scanned, nr_reclaimed, stat, priority, file), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(unsigned long, nr_scanned) __field(unsigned long, nr_reclaimed) __field(unsigned long, nr_dirty) __field(unsigned long, nr_writeback) __field(unsigned long, nr_congested) __field(unsigned long, nr_immediate) __field(unsigned int, nr_activate0) __field(unsigned int, nr_activate1) __field(unsigned long, nr_ref_keep) __field(unsigned long, nr_unmap_fail) __field(int, priority) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->nr_scanned = nr_scanned; __entry->nr_reclaimed = nr_reclaimed; __entry->nr_dirty = stat->nr_dirty; __entry->nr_writeback = stat->nr_writeback; __entry->nr_congested = stat->nr_congested; __entry->nr_immediate = stat->nr_immediate; __entry->nr_activate0 = stat->nr_activate[0]; __entry->nr_activate1 = stat->nr_activate[1]; __entry->nr_ref_keep = stat->nr_ref_keep; __entry->nr_unmap_fail = stat->nr_unmap_fail; __entry->priority = priority; __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags(file); ), TP_printk("nid=%d nr_scanned=%ld nr_reclaimed=%ld nr_dirty=%ld nr_writeback=%ld nr_congested=%ld nr_immediate=%ld nr_activate_anon=%d nr_activate_file=%d nr_ref_keep=%ld nr_unmap_fail=%ld priority=%d flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->nr_scanned, __entry->nr_reclaimed, __entry->nr_dirty, __entry->nr_writeback, __entry->nr_congested, __entry->nr_immediate, __entry->nr_activate0, __entry->nr_activate1, __entry->nr_ref_keep, __entry->nr_unmap_fail, __entry->priority, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_lru_shrink_active, TP_PROTO(int nid, unsigned long nr_taken, unsigned long nr_active, unsigned long nr_deactivated, unsigned long nr_referenced, int priority, int file), TP_ARGS(nid, nr_taken, nr_active, nr_deactivated, nr_referenced, priority, file), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(unsigned long, nr_taken) __field(unsigned long, nr_active) __field(unsigned long, nr_deactivated) __field(unsigned long, nr_referenced) __field(int, priority) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->nr_taken = nr_taken; __entry->nr_active = nr_active; __entry->nr_deactivated = nr_deactivated; __entry->nr_referenced = nr_referenced; __entry->priority = priority; __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags(file); ), TP_printk("nid=%d nr_taken=%ld nr_active=%ld nr_deactivated=%ld nr_referenced=%ld priority=%d flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->nr_taken, __entry->nr_active, __entry->nr_deactivated, __entry->nr_referenced, __entry->priority, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_inactive_list_is_low, TP_PROTO(int nid, int reclaim_idx, unsigned long total_inactive, unsigned long inactive, unsigned long total_active, unsigned long active, unsigned long ratio, int file), TP_ARGS(nid, reclaim_idx, total_inactive, inactive, total_active, active, ratio, file), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(int, reclaim_idx) __field(unsigned long, total_inactive) __field(unsigned long, inactive) __field(unsigned long, total_active) __field(unsigned long, active) __field(unsigned long, ratio) __field(int, reclaim_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->reclaim_idx = reclaim_idx; __entry->total_inactive = total_inactive; __entry->inactive = inactive; __entry->total_active = total_active; __entry->active = active; __entry->ratio = ratio; __entry->reclaim_flags = trace_reclaim_flags(file) & RECLAIM_WB_LRU; ), TP_printk("nid=%d reclaim_idx=%d total_inactive=%ld inactive=%ld total_active=%ld active=%ld ratio=%ld flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->reclaim_idx, __entry->total_inactive, __entry->inactive, __entry->total_active, __entry->active, __entry->ratio, show_reclaim_flags(__entry->reclaim_flags)) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_node_reclaim_begin, TP_PROTO(int nid, int order, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(nid, order, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(int, nid) __field(int, order) __field(gfp_t, gfp_flags) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nid = nid; __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->nid, __entry->order, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_direct_reclaim_end_template, mm_vmscan_node_reclaim_end, TP_PROTO(unsigned long nr_reclaimed), TP_ARGS(nr_reclaimed) ); #endif /* _TRACE_VMSCAN_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */ /* * Copyright 2006, Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net> */ #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/leds.h> #include "ieee80211_i.h" #define MAC80211_BLINK_DELAY 50 /* ms */ static inline void ieee80211_led_rx(struct ieee80211_local *local) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS unsigned long led_delay = MAC80211_BLINK_DELAY; if (!atomic_read(&local->rx_led_active)) return; led_trigger_blink_oneshot(&local->rx_led, &led_delay, &led_delay, 0); #endif } static inline void ieee80211_led_tx(struct ieee80211_local *local) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS unsigned long led_delay = MAC80211_BLINK_DELAY; if (!atomic_read(&local->tx_led_active)) return; led_trigger_blink_oneshot(&local->tx_led, &led_delay, &led_delay, 0); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS void ieee80211_led_assoc(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool associated); void ieee80211_led_radio(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool enabled); void ieee80211_alloc_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_free_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_led_init(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_led_exit(struct ieee80211_local *local); void ieee80211_mod_tpt_led_trig(struct ieee80211_local *local, unsigned int types_on, unsigned int types_off); #else static inline void ieee80211_led_assoc(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool associated) { } static inline void ieee80211_led_radio(struct ieee80211_local *local, bool enabled) { } static inline void ieee80211_alloc_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_free_led_names(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_led_init(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_led_exit(struct ieee80211_local *local) { } static inline void ieee80211_mod_tpt_led_trig(struct ieee80211_local *local, unsigned int types_on, unsigned int types_off) { } #endif static inline void ieee80211_tpt_led_trig_tx(struct ieee80211_local *local, __le16 fc, int bytes) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS if (ieee80211_is_data(fc) && atomic_read(&local->tpt_led_active)) local->tpt_led_trigger->tx_bytes += bytes; #endif } static inline void ieee80211_tpt_led_trig_rx(struct ieee80211_local *local, __le16 fc, int bytes) { #ifdef CONFIG_MAC80211_LEDS if (ieee80211_is_data(fc) && atomic_read(&local->tpt_led_active)) local->tpt_led_trigger->rx_bytes += bytes; #endif }
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_RCULIST_H #define _LINUX_RCULIST_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ /* * RCU-protected list version */ #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> /* * Why is there no list_empty_rcu()? Because list_empty() serves this * purpose. The list_empty() function fetches the RCU-protected pointer * and compares it to the address of the list head, but neither dereferences * this pointer itself nor provides this pointer to the caller. Therefore, * it is not necessary to use rcu_dereference(), so that list_empty() can * be used anywhere you would want to use a list_empty_rcu(). */ /* * INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU - Initialize a list_head visible to RCU readers * @list: list to be initialized * * You should instead use INIT_LIST_HEAD() for normal initialization and * cleanup tasks, when readers have no access to the list being initialized. * However, if the list being initialized is visible to readers, you * need to keep the compiler from being too mischievous. */ static inline void INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(struct list_head *list) { WRITE_ONCE(list->next, list); WRITE_ONCE(list->prev, list); } /* * return the ->next pointer of a list_head in an rcu safe * way, we must not access it directly */ #define list_next_rcu(list) (*((struct list_head __rcu **)(&(list)->next))) /** * list_tail_rcu - returns the prev pointer of the head of the list * @head: the head of the list * * Note: This should only be used with the list header, and even then * only if list_del() and similar primitives are not also used on the * list header. */ #define list_tail_rcu(head) (*((struct list_head __rcu **)(&(head)->prev))) /* * Check during list traversal that we are within an RCU reader */ #define check_arg_count_one(dummy) #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU_LIST #define __list_check_rcu(dummy, cond, extra...) \ ({ \ check_arg_count_one(extra); \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(cond) && !rcu_read_lock_any_held(), \ "RCU-list traversed in non-reader section!"); \ }) #define __list_check_srcu(cond) \ ({ \ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(cond), \ "RCU-list traversed without holding the required lock!");\ }) #else #define __list_check_rcu(dummy, cond, extra...) \ ({ check_arg_count_one(extra); }) #define __list_check_srcu(cond) ({ }) #endif /* * Insert a new entry between two known consecutive entries. * * This is only for internal list manipulation where we know * the prev/next entries already! */ static inline void __list_add_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next) { if (!__list_add_valid(new, prev, next)) return; new->next = next; new->prev = prev; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(prev), new); next->prev = new; } /** * list_add_rcu - add a new entry to rcu-protected list * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it after * * Insert a new entry after the specified head. * This is good for implementing stacks. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_add_rcu() * or list_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void list_add_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add_rcu(new, head, head->next); } /** * list_add_tail_rcu - add a new entry to rcu-protected list * @new: new entry to be added * @head: list head to add it before * * Insert a new entry before the specified head. * This is useful for implementing queues. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_add_tail_rcu() * or list_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void list_add_tail_rcu(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head) { __list_add_rcu(new, head->prev, head); } /** * list_del_rcu - deletes entry from list without re-initialization * @entry: the element to delete from the list. * * Note: list_empty() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as list_del_rcu() * or list_add_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * list_for_each_entry_rcu(). * * Note that the caller is not permitted to immediately free * the newly deleted entry. Instead, either synchronize_rcu() * or call_rcu() must be used to defer freeing until an RCU * grace period has elapsed. */ static inline void list_del_rcu(struct list_head *entry) { __list_del_entry(entry); entry->prev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * hlist_del_init_rcu - deletes entry from hash list with re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: list_unhashed() on the node return true after this. It is * useful for RCU based read lockfree traversal if the writer side * must know if the list entry is still hashed or already unhashed. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward pointers * that may still be used for walking the hash list and we can only * zero the pprev pointer so list_unhashed() will return true after * this. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary (such as * holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing with another * list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() or * hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. However, it is * perfectly legal to run concurrently with the _rcu list-traversal * primitives, such as hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(). */ static inline void hlist_del_init_rcu(struct hlist_node *n) { if (!hlist_unhashed(n)) { __hlist_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, NULL); } } /** * list_replace_rcu - replace old entry by new one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * The @old entry will be replaced with the @new entry atomically. * Note: @old should not be empty. */ static inline void list_replace_rcu(struct list_head *old, struct list_head *new) { new->next = old->next; new->prev = old->prev; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(new->prev), new); new->next->prev = new; old->prev = LIST_POISON2; } /** * __list_splice_init_rcu - join an RCU-protected list into an existing list. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @prev: points to the last element of the existing list * @next: points to the first element of the existing list * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... * * The list pointed to by @prev and @next can be RCU-read traversed * concurrently with this function. * * Note that this function blocks. * * Important note: the caller must take whatever action is necessary to prevent * any other updates to the existing list. In principle, it is possible to * modify the list as soon as sync() begins execution. If this sort of thing * becomes necessary, an alternative version based on call_rcu() could be * created. But only if -really- needed -- there is no shortage of RCU API * members. */ static inline void __list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *prev, struct list_head *next, void (*sync)(void)) { struct list_head *first = list->next; struct list_head *last = list->prev; /* * "first" and "last" tracking list, so initialize it. RCU readers * have access to this list, so we must use INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU() * instead of INIT_LIST_HEAD(). */ INIT_LIST_HEAD_RCU(list); /* * At this point, the list body still points to the source list. * Wait for any readers to finish using the list before splicing * the list body into the new list. Any new readers will see * an empty list. */ sync(); ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_ACCESS(*first); ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_ACCESS(*last); /* * Readers are finished with the source list, so perform splice. * The order is important if the new list is global and accessible * to concurrent RCU readers. Note that RCU readers are not * permitted to traverse the prev pointers without excluding * this function. */ last->next = next; rcu_assign_pointer(list_next_rcu(prev), first); first->prev = prev; next->prev = last; } /** * list_splice_init_rcu - splice an RCU-protected list into an existing list, * designed for stacks. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @head: the place in the existing list to splice the first list into * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... */ static inline void list_splice_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, void (*sync)(void)) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice_init_rcu(list, head, head->next, sync); } /** * list_splice_tail_init_rcu - splice an RCU-protected list into an existing * list, designed for queues. * @list: the RCU-protected list to splice * @head: the place in the existing list to splice the first list into * @sync: synchronize_rcu, synchronize_rcu_expedited, ... */ static inline void list_splice_tail_init_rcu(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head, void (*sync)(void)) { if (!list_empty(list)) __list_splice_init_rcu(list, head->prev, head, sync); } /** * list_entry_rcu - get the struct for this entry * @ptr: the &struct list_head pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_entry_rcu(ptr, type, member) \ container_of(READ_ONCE(ptr), type, member) /* * Where are list_empty_rcu() and list_first_entry_rcu()? * * Implementing those functions following their counterparts list_empty() and * list_first_entry() is not advisable because they lead to subtle race * conditions as the following snippet shows: * * if (!list_empty_rcu(mylist)) { * struct foo *bar = list_first_entry_rcu(mylist, struct foo, list_member); * do_something(bar); * } * * The list may not be empty when list_empty_rcu checks it, but it may be when * list_first_entry_rcu rereads the ->next pointer. * * Rereading the ->next pointer is not a problem for list_empty() and * list_first_entry() because they would be protected by a lock that blocks * writers. * * See list_first_or_null_rcu for an alternative. */ /** * list_first_or_null_rcu - get the first element from a list * @ptr: the list head to take the element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note that if the list is empty, it returns NULL. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_first_or_null_rcu(ptr, type, member) \ ({ \ struct list_head *__ptr = (ptr); \ struct list_head *__next = READ_ONCE(__ptr->next); \ likely(__ptr != __next) ? list_entry_rcu(__next, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * list_next_or_null_rcu - get the first element from a list * @head: the head for the list. * @ptr: the list head to take the next element from. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Note that if the ptr is at the end of the list, NULL is returned. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu list-mutation * primitives such as list_add_rcu() as long as it's guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_next_or_null_rcu(head, ptr, type, member) \ ({ \ struct list_head *__head = (head); \ struct list_head *__ptr = (ptr); \ struct list_head *__next = READ_ONCE(__ptr->next); \ likely(__next != __head) ? list_entry_rcu(__next, type, \ member) : NULL; \ }) /** * list_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * @cond: optional lockdep expression if called from non-RCU protection. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define list_for_each_entry_rcu(pos, head, member, cond...) \ for (__list_check_rcu(dummy, ## cond, 0), \ pos = list_entry_rcu((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_srcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * @cond: lockdep expression for the lock required to traverse the list. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by srcu_read_lock(). * The lockdep expression srcu_read_lock_held() can be passed as the * cond argument from read side. */ #define list_for_each_entry_srcu(pos, head, member, cond) \ for (__list_check_srcu(cond), \ pos = list_entry_rcu((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_entry_lockless - get the struct for this entry * @ptr: the &struct list_head pointer. * @type: the type of the struct this is embedded in. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu * list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu(), but requires some * implicit RCU read-side guarding. One example is running within a special * exception-time environment where preemption is disabled and where lockdep * cannot be invoked. Another example is when items are added to the list, * but never deleted. */ #define list_entry_lockless(ptr, type, member) \ container_of((typeof(ptr))READ_ONCE(ptr), type, member) /** * list_for_each_entry_lockless - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct. * * This primitive may safely run concurrently with the _rcu * list-mutation primitives such as list_add_rcu(), but requires some * implicit RCU read-side guarding. One example is running within a special * exception-time environment where preemption is disabled and where lockdep * cannot be invoked. Another example is when items are added to the list, * but never deleted. */ #define list_for_each_entry_lockless(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_entry_lockless((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_lockless(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu - continue iteration over list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct. * * Continue to iterate over list of given type, continuing after * the current position which must have been in the list when the RCU read * lock was taken. * This would typically require either that you obtained the node from a * previous walk of the list in the same RCU read-side critical section, or * that you held some sort of non-RCU reference (such as a reference count) * to keep the node alive *and* in the list. * * This iterator is similar to list_for_each_entry_from_rcu() except * this starts after the given position and that one starts at the given * position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member); \ &pos->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member)) /** * list_for_each_entry_from_rcu - iterate over a list from current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the list_node within the struct. * * Iterate over the tail of a list starting from a given position, * which must have been in the list when the RCU read lock was taken. * This would typically require either that you obtained the node from a * previous walk of the list in the same RCU read-side critical section, or * that you held some sort of non-RCU reference (such as a reference count) * to keep the node alive *and* in the list. * * This iterator is similar to list_for_each_entry_continue_rcu() except * this starts from the given position and that one starts from the position * after the given position. */ #define list_for_each_entry_from_rcu(pos, head, member) \ for (; &(pos)->member != (head); \ pos = list_entry_rcu(pos->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_del_rcu - deletes entry from hash list without re-initialization * @n: the element to delete from the hash list. * * Note: list_unhashed() on entry does not return true after this, * the entry is in an undefined state. It is useful for RCU based * lockfree traversal. * * In particular, it means that we can not poison the forward * pointers that may still be used for walking the hash list. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry(). */ static inline void hlist_del_rcu(struct hlist_node *n) { __hlist_del(n); WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, LIST_POISON2); } /** * hlist_replace_rcu - replace old entry by new one * @old : the element to be replaced * @new : the new element to insert * * The @old entry will be replaced with the @new entry atomically. */ static inline void hlist_replace_rcu(struct hlist_node *old, struct hlist_node *new) { struct hlist_node *next = old->next; new->next = next; WRITE_ONCE(new->pprev, old->pprev); rcu_assign_pointer(*(struct hlist_node __rcu **)new->pprev, new); if (next) WRITE_ONCE(new->next->pprev, &new->next); WRITE_ONCE(old->pprev, LIST_POISON2); } /** * hlists_swap_heads_rcu - swap the lists the hlist heads point to * @left: The hlist head on the left * @right: The hlist head on the right * * The lists start out as [@left ][node1 ... ] and * [@right ][node2 ... ] * The lists end up as [@left ][node2 ... ] * [@right ][node1 ... ] */ static inline void hlists_swap_heads_rcu(struct hlist_head *left, struct hlist_head *right) { struct hlist_node *node1 = left->first; struct hlist_node *node2 = right->first; rcu_assign_pointer(left->first, node2); rcu_assign_pointer(right->first, node1); WRITE_ONCE(node2->pprev, &left->first); WRITE_ONCE(node1->pprev, &right->first); } /* * return the first or the next element in an RCU protected hlist */ #define hlist_first_rcu(head) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)(&(head)->first))) #define hlist_next_rcu(node) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)(&(node)->next))) #define hlist_pprev_rcu(node) (*((struct hlist_node __rcu **)((node)->pprev))) /** * hlist_add_head_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_add_head_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { struct hlist_node *first = h->first; n->next = first; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &h->first); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_first_rcu(h), n); if (first) WRITE_ONCE(first->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_add_tail_rcu * @n: the element to add to the hash list. * @h: the list to add to. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist, * while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. Regardless of the type of CPU, the * list-traversal primitive must be guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ static inline void hlist_add_tail_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_head *h) { struct hlist_node *i, *last = NULL; /* Note: write side code, so rcu accessors are not needed. */ for (i = h->first; i; i = i->next) last = i; if (last) { n->next = last->next; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &last->next); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_next_rcu(last), n); } else { hlist_add_head_rcu(n, h); } } /** * hlist_add_before_rcu * @n: the new element to add to the hash list. * @next: the existing element to add the new element before. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist * before the specified node while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. */ static inline void hlist_add_before_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *next) { WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, next->pprev); n->next = next; rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_pprev_rcu(n), n); WRITE_ONCE(next->pprev, &n->next); } /** * hlist_add_behind_rcu * @n: the new element to add to the hash list. * @prev: the existing element to add the new element after. * * Description: * Adds the specified element to the specified hlist * after the specified node while permitting racing traversals. * * The caller must take whatever precautions are necessary * (such as holding appropriate locks) to avoid racing * with another list-mutation primitive, such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * or hlist_del_rcu(), running on this same list. * However, it is perfectly legal to run concurrently with * the _rcu list-traversal primitives, such as * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(), used to prevent memory-consistency * problems on Alpha CPUs. */ static inline void hlist_add_behind_rcu(struct hlist_node *n, struct hlist_node *prev) { n->next = prev->next; WRITE_ONCE(n->pprev, &prev->next); rcu_assign_pointer(hlist_next_rcu(prev), n); if (n->next) WRITE_ONCE(n->next->pprev, &n->next); } #define __hlist_for_each_rcu(pos, head) \ for (pos = rcu_dereference(hlist_first_rcu(head)); \ pos; \ pos = rcu_dereference(hlist_next_rcu(pos))) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * @cond: optional lockdep expression if called from non-RCU protection. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(pos, head, member, cond...) \ for (__list_check_rcu(dummy, ## cond, 0), \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_srcu - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * @cond: lockdep expression for the lock required to traverse the list. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by srcu_read_lock(). * The lockdep expression srcu_read_lock_held() can be passed as the * cond argument from read side. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_srcu(pos, head, member, cond) \ for (__list_check_srcu(cond), \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_notrace - iterate over rcu list of given type (for tracing) * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). * * This is the same as hlist_for_each_entry_rcu() except that it does * not do any RCU debugging or tracing. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_notrace(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw_check(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw_check(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh - iterate over rcu list of given type * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @head: the head for your list. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. * * This list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with * the _rcu list-mutation primitives such as hlist_add_head_rcu() * as long as the traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock(). */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_rcu_bh(pos, head, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_first_rcu(head)),\ typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu(\ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu - iterate over a hlist continuing after current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu(pos, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh - iterate over a hlist continuing after current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_continue_rcu_bh(pos, member) \ for (pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member); \ pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_bh(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) /** * hlist_for_each_entry_from_rcu - iterate over a hlist continuing from current point * @pos: the type * to use as a loop cursor. * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct. */ #define hlist_for_each_entry_from_rcu(pos, member) \ for (; pos; \ pos = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu( \ &(pos)->member)), typeof(*(pos)), member)) #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PTRACE_H #define _LINUX_PTRACE_H #include <linux/compiler.h> /* For unlikely. */ #include <linux/sched.h> /* For struct task_struct. */ #include <linux/sched/signal.h> /* For send_sig(), same_thread_group(), etc. */ #include <linux/err.h> /* for IS_ERR_VALUE */ #include <linux/bug.h> /* For BUG_ON. */ #include <linux/pid_namespace.h> /* For task_active_pid_ns. */ #include <uapi/linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/seccomp.h> /* Add sp to seccomp_data, as seccomp is user API, we don't want to modify it */ struct syscall_info { __u64 sp; struct seccomp_data data; }; extern int ptrace_access_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); /* * Ptrace flags * * The owner ship rules for task->ptrace which holds the ptrace * flags is simple. When a task is running it owns it's task->ptrace * flags. When the a task is stopped the ptracer owns task->ptrace. */ #define PT_SEIZED 0x00010000 /* SEIZE used, enable new behavior */ #define PT_PTRACED 0x00000001 #define PT_DTRACE 0x00000002 /* delayed trace (used on m68k, i386) */ #define PT_OPT_FLAG_SHIFT 3 /* PT_TRACE_* event enable flags */ #define PT_EVENT_FLAG(event) (1 << (PT_OPT_FLAG_SHIFT + (event))) #define PT_TRACESYSGOOD PT_EVENT_FLAG(0) #define PT_TRACE_FORK PT_EVENT_FLAG(PTRACE_EVENT_FORK) #define PT_TRACE_VFORK PT_EVENT_FLAG(PTRACE_EVENT_VFORK) #define PT_TRACE_CLONE PT_EVENT_FLAG(PTRACE_EVENT_CLONE) #define PT_TRACE_EXEC PT_EVENT_FLAG(PTRACE_EVENT_EXEC) #define PT_TRACE_VFORK_DONE PT_EVENT_FLAG(PTRACE_EVENT_VFORK_DONE) #define PT_TRACE_EXIT PT_EVENT_FLAG(PTRACE_EVENT_EXIT) #define PT_TRACE_SECCOMP PT_EVENT_FLAG(PTRACE_EVENT_SECCOMP) #define PT_EXITKILL (PTRACE_O_EXITKILL << PT_OPT_FLAG_SHIFT) #define PT_SUSPEND_SECCOMP (PTRACE_O_SUSPEND_SECCOMP << PT_OPT_FLAG_SHIFT) /* single stepping state bits (used on ARM and PA-RISC) */ #define PT_SINGLESTEP_BIT 31 #define PT_SINGLESTEP (1<<PT_SINGLESTEP_BIT) #define PT_BLOCKSTEP_BIT 30 #define PT_BLOCKSTEP (1<<PT_BLOCKSTEP_BIT) extern long arch_ptrace(struct task_struct *child, long request, unsigned long addr, unsigned long data); extern int ptrace_readdata(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long src, char __user *dst, int len); extern int ptrace_writedata(struct task_struct *tsk, char __user *src, unsigned long dst, int len); extern void ptrace_disable(struct task_struct *); extern int ptrace_request(struct task_struct *child, long request, unsigned long addr, unsigned long data); extern void ptrace_notify(int exit_code); extern void __ptrace_link(struct task_struct *child, struct task_struct *new_parent, const struct cred *ptracer_cred); extern void __ptrace_unlink(struct task_struct *child); extern void exit_ptrace(struct task_struct *tracer, struct list_head *dead); #define PTRACE_MODE_READ 0x01 #define PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH 0x02 #define PTRACE_MODE_NOAUDIT 0x04 #define PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS 0x08 #define PTRACE_MODE_REALCREDS 0x10 /* shorthands for READ/ATTACH and FSCREDS/REALCREDS combinations */ #define PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS (PTRACE_MODE_READ | PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS) #define PTRACE_MODE_READ_REALCREDS (PTRACE_MODE_READ | PTRACE_MODE_REALCREDS) #define PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_FSCREDS (PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH | PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS) #define PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_REALCREDS (PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH | PTRACE_MODE_REALCREDS) /** * ptrace_may_access - check whether the caller is permitted to access * a target task. * @task: target task * @mode: selects type of access and caller credentials * * Returns true on success, false on denial. * * One of the flags PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS and PTRACE_MODE_REALCREDS must * be set in @mode to specify whether the access was requested through * a filesystem syscall (should use effective capabilities and fsuid * of the caller) or through an explicit syscall such as * process_vm_writev or ptrace (and should use the real credentials). */ extern bool ptrace_may_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode); static inline int ptrace_reparented(struct task_struct *child) { return !same_thread_group(child->real_parent, child->parent); } static inline void ptrace_unlink(struct task_struct *child) { if (unlikely(child->ptrace)) __ptrace_unlink(child); } int generic_ptrace_peekdata(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, unsigned long data); int generic_ptrace_pokedata(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, unsigned long data); /** * ptrace_parent - return the task that is tracing the given task * @task: task to consider * * Returns %NULL if no one is tracing @task, or the &struct task_struct * pointer to its tracer. * * Must called under rcu_read_lock(). The pointer returned might be kept * live only by RCU. During exec, this may be called with task_lock() held * on @task, still held from when check_unsafe_exec() was called. */ static inline struct task_struct *ptrace_parent(struct task_struct *task) { if (unlikely(task->ptrace)) return rcu_dereference(task->parent); return NULL; } /** * ptrace_event_enabled - test whether a ptrace event is enabled * @task: ptracee of interest * @event: %PTRACE_EVENT_* to test * * Test whether @event is enabled for ptracee @task. * * Returns %true if @event is enabled, %false otherwise. */ static inline bool ptrace_event_enabled(struct task_struct *task, int event) { return task->ptrace & PT_EVENT_FLAG(event); } /** * ptrace_event - possibly stop for a ptrace event notification * @event: %PTRACE_EVENT_* value to report * @message: value for %PTRACE_GETEVENTMSG to return * * Check whether @event is enabled and, if so, report @event and @message * to the ptrace parent. * * Called without locks. */ static inline void ptrace_event(int event, unsigned long message) { if (unlikely(ptrace_event_enabled(current, event))) { current->ptrace_message = message; ptrace_notify((event << 8) | SIGTRAP); } else if (event == PTRACE_EVENT_EXEC) { /* legacy EXEC report via SIGTRAP */ if ((current->ptrace & (PT_PTRACED|PT_SEIZED)) == PT_PTRACED) send_sig(SIGTRAP, current, 0); } } /** * ptrace_event_pid - possibly stop for a ptrace event notification * @event: %PTRACE_EVENT_* value to report * @pid: process identifier for %PTRACE_GETEVENTMSG to return * * Check whether @event is enabled and, if so, report @event and @pid * to the ptrace parent. @pid is reported as the pid_t seen from the * the ptrace parent's pid namespace. * * Called without locks. */ static inline void ptrace_event_pid(int event, struct pid *pid) { /* * FIXME: There's a potential race if a ptracer in a different pid * namespace than parent attaches between computing message below and * when we acquire tasklist_lock in ptrace_stop(). If this happens, * the ptracer will get a bogus pid from PTRACE_GETEVENTMSG. */ unsigned long message = 0; struct pid_namespace *ns; rcu_read_lock(); ns = task_active_pid_ns(rcu_dereference(current->parent)); if (ns) message = pid_nr_ns(pid, ns); rcu_read_unlock(); ptrace_event(event, message); } /** * ptrace_init_task - initialize ptrace state for a new child * @child: new child task * @ptrace: true if child should be ptrace'd by parent's tracer * * This is called immediately after adding @child to its parent's children * list. @ptrace is false in the normal case, and true to ptrace @child. * * Called with current's siglock and write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock) held. */ static inline void ptrace_init_task(struct task_struct *child, bool ptrace) { INIT_LIST_HEAD(&child->ptrace_entry); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&child->ptraced); child->jobctl = 0; child->ptrace = 0; child->parent = child->real_parent; if (unlikely(ptrace) && current->ptrace) { child->ptrace = current->ptrace; __ptrace_link(child, current->parent, current->ptracer_cred); if (child->ptrace & PT_SEIZED) task_set_jobctl_pending(child, JOBCTL_TRAP_STOP); else sigaddset(&child->pending.signal, SIGSTOP); } else child->ptracer_cred = NULL; } /** * ptrace_release_task - final ptrace-related cleanup of a zombie being reaped * @task: task in %EXIT_DEAD state * * Called with write_lock(&tasklist_lock) held. */ static inline void ptrace_release_task(struct task_struct *task) { BUG_ON(!list_empty(&task->ptraced)); ptrace_unlink(task); BUG_ON(!list_empty(&task->ptrace_entry)); } #ifndef force_successful_syscall_return /* * System call handlers that, upon successful completion, need to return a * negative value should call force_successful_syscall_return() right before * returning. On architectures where the syscall convention provides for a * separate error flag (e.g., alpha, ia64, ppc{,64}, sparc{,64}, possibly * others), this macro can be used to ensure that the error flag will not get * set. On architectures which do not support a separate error flag, the macro * is a no-op and the spurious error condition needs to be filtered out by some * other means (e.g., in user-level, by passing an extra argument to the * syscall handler, or something along those lines). */ #define force_successful_syscall_return() do { } while (0) #endif #ifndef is_syscall_success /* * On most systems we can tell if a syscall is a success based on if the retval * is an error value. On some systems like ia64 and powerpc they have different * indicators of success/failure and must define their own. */ #define is_syscall_success(regs) (!IS_ERR_VALUE((unsigned long)(regs_return_value(regs)))) #endif /* * <asm/ptrace.h> should define the following things inside #ifdef __KERNEL__. * * These do-nothing inlines are used when the arch does not * implement single-step. The kerneldoc comments are here * to document the interface for all arch definitions. */ #ifndef arch_has_single_step /** * arch_has_single_step - does this CPU support user-mode single-step? * * If this is defined, then there must be function declarations or * inlines for user_enable_single_step() and user_disable_single_step(). * arch_has_single_step() should evaluate to nonzero iff the machine * supports instruction single-step for user mode. * It can be a constant or it can test a CPU feature bit. */ #define arch_has_single_step() (0) /** * user_enable_single_step - single-step in user-mode task * @task: either current or a task stopped in %TASK_TRACED * * This can only be called when arch_has_single_step() has returned nonzero. * Set @task so that when it returns to user mode, it will trap after the * next single instruction executes. If arch_has_block_step() is defined, * this must clear the effects of user_enable_block_step() too. */ static inline void user_enable_single_step(struct task_struct *task) { BUG(); /* This can never be called. */ } /** * user_disable_single_step - cancel user-mode single-step * @task: either current or a task stopped in %TASK_TRACED * * Clear @task of the effects of user_enable_single_step() and * user_enable_block_step(). This can be called whether or not either * of those was ever called on @task, and even if arch_has_single_step() * returned zero. */ static inline void user_disable_single_step(struct task_struct *task) { } #else extern void user_enable_single_step(struct task_struct *); extern void user_disable_single_step(struct task_struct *); #endif /* arch_has_single_step */ #ifndef arch_has_block_step /** * arch_has_block_step - does this CPU support user-mode block-step? * * If this is defined, then there must be a function declaration or inline * for user_enable_block_step(), and arch_has_single_step() must be defined * too. arch_has_block_step() should evaluate to nonzero iff the machine * supports step-until-branch for user mode. It can be a constant or it * can test a CPU feature bit. */ #define arch_has_block_step() (0) /** * user_enable_block_step - step until branch in user-mode task * @task: either current or a task stopped in %TASK_TRACED * * This can only be called when arch_has_block_step() has returned nonzero, * and will never be called when single-instruction stepping is being used. * Set @task so that when it returns to user mode, it will trap after the * next branch or trap taken. */ static inline void user_enable_block_step(struct task_struct *task) { BUG(); /* This can never be called. */ } #else extern void user_enable_block_step(struct task_struct *); #endif /* arch_has_block_step */ #ifdef ARCH_HAS_USER_SINGLE_STEP_REPORT extern void user_single_step_report(struct pt_regs *regs); #else static inline void user_single_step_report(struct pt_regs *regs) { kernel_siginfo_t info; clear_siginfo(&info); info.si_signo = SIGTRAP; info.si_errno = 0; info.si_code = SI_USER; info.si_pid = 0; info.si_uid = 0; force_sig_info(&info); } #endif #ifndef arch_ptrace_stop_needed /** * arch_ptrace_stop_needed - Decide whether arch_ptrace_stop() should be called * @code: current->exit_code value ptrace will stop with * @info: siginfo_t pointer (or %NULL) for signal ptrace will stop with * * This is called with the siglock held, to decide whether or not it's * necessary to release the siglock and call arch_ptrace_stop() with the * same @code and @info arguments. It can be defined to a constant if * arch_ptrace_stop() is never required, or always is. On machines where * this makes sense, it should be defined to a quick test to optimize out * calling arch_ptrace_stop() when it would be superfluous. For example, * if the thread has not been back to user mode since the last stop, the * thread state might indicate that nothing needs to be done. * * This is guaranteed to be invoked once before a task stops for ptrace and * may include arch-specific operations necessary prior to a ptrace stop. */ #define arch_ptrace_stop_needed(code, info) (0) #endif #ifndef arch_ptrace_stop /** * arch_ptrace_stop - Do machine-specific work before stopping for ptrace * @code: current->exit_code value ptrace will stop with * @info: siginfo_t pointer (or %NULL) for signal ptrace will stop with * * This is called with no locks held when arch_ptrace_stop_needed() has * just returned nonzero. It is allowed to block, e.g. for user memory * access. The arch can have machine-specific work to be done before * ptrace stops. On ia64, register backing store gets written back to user * memory here. Since this can be costly (requires dropping the siglock), * we only do it when the arch requires it for this particular stop, as * indicated by arch_ptrace_stop_needed(). */ #define arch_ptrace_stop(code, info) do { } while (0) #endif #ifndef current_pt_regs #define current_pt_regs() task_pt_regs(current) #endif /* * unlike current_pt_regs(), this one is equal to task_pt_regs(current) * on *all* architectures; the only reason to have a per-arch definition * is optimisation. */ #ifndef signal_pt_regs #define signal_pt_regs() task_pt_regs(current) #endif #ifndef current_user_stack_pointer #define current_user_stack_pointer() user_stack_pointer(current_pt_regs()) #endif extern int task_current_syscall(struct task_struct *target, struct syscall_info *info); extern void sigaction_compat_abi(struct k_sigaction *act, struct k_sigaction *oact); #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 #ifndef _LINUX_UNALIGNED_PACKED_STRUCT_H #define _LINUX_UNALIGNED_PACKED_STRUCT_H #include <linux/kernel.h> struct __una_u16 { u16 x; } __packed; struct __una_u32 { u32 x; } __packed; struct __una_u64 { u64 x; } __packed; static inline u16 __get_unaligned_cpu16(const void *p) { const struct __una_u16 *ptr = (const struct __una_u16 *)p; return ptr->x; } static inline u32 __get_unaligned_cpu32(const void *p) { const struct __una_u32 *ptr = (const struct __una_u32 *)p; return ptr->x; } static inline u64 __get_unaligned_cpu64(const void *p) { const struct __una_u64 *ptr = (const struct __una_u64 *)p; return ptr->x; } static inline void __put_unaligned_cpu16(u16 val, void *p) { struct __una_u16 *ptr = (struct __una_u16 *)p; ptr->x = val; } static inline void __put_unaligned_cpu32(u32 val, void *p) { struct __una_u32 *ptr = (struct __una_u32 *)p; ptr->x = val; } static inline void __put_unaligned_cpu64(u64 val, void *p) { struct __una_u64 *ptr = (struct __una_u64 *)p; ptr->x = val; } #endif /* _LINUX_UNALIGNED_PACKED_STRUCT_H */
1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * High-level sync()-related operations */ #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include "internal.h" #define VALID_FLAGS (SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_BEFORE|SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE| \ SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_AFTER) /* * Do the filesystem syncing work. For simple filesystems * writeback_inodes_sb(sb) just dirties buffers with inodes so we have to * submit IO for these buffers via __sync_blockdev(). This also speeds up the * wait == 1 case since in that case write_inode() functions do * sync_dirty_buffer() and thus effectively write one block at a time. */ static int __sync_filesystem(struct super_block *sb, int wait) { if (wait) sync_inodes_sb(sb); else writeback_inodes_sb(sb, WB_REASON_SYNC); if (sb->s_op->sync_fs) sb->s_op->sync_fs(sb, wait); return __sync_blockdev(sb->s_bdev, wait); } /* * Write out and wait upon all dirty data associated with this * superblock. Filesystem data as well as the underlying block * device. Takes the superblock lock. */ int sync_filesystem(struct super_block *sb) { int ret; /* * We need to be protected against the filesystem going from * r/o to r/w or vice versa. */ WARN_ON(!rwsem_is_locked(&sb->s_umount)); /* * No point in syncing out anything if the filesystem is read-only. */ if (sb_rdonly(sb)) return 0; ret = __sync_filesystem(sb, 0); if (ret < 0) return ret; return __sync_filesystem(sb, 1); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sync_filesystem); static void sync_inodes_one_sb(struct super_block *sb, void *arg) { if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) sync_inodes_sb(sb); } static void sync_fs_one_sb(struct super_block *sb, void *arg) { if (!sb_rdonly(sb) && !(sb->s_iflags & SB_I_SKIP_SYNC) && sb->s_op->sync_fs) sb->s_op->sync_fs(sb, *(int *)arg); } static void fdatawrite_one_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, void *arg) { filemap_fdatawrite(bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping); } static void fdatawait_one_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, void *arg) { /* * We keep the error status of individual mapping so that * applications can catch the writeback error using fsync(2). * See filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors() for details. */ filemap_fdatawait_keep_errors(bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping); } /* * Sync everything. We start by waking flusher threads so that most of * writeback runs on all devices in parallel. Then we sync all inodes reliably * which effectively also waits for all flusher threads to finish doing * writeback. At this point all data is on disk so metadata should be stable * and we tell filesystems to sync their metadata via ->sync_fs() calls. * Finally, we writeout all block devices because some filesystems (e.g. ext2) * just write metadata (such as inodes or bitmaps) to block device page cache * and do not sync it on their own in ->sync_fs(). */ void ksys_sync(void) { int nowait = 0, wait = 1; wakeup_flusher_threads(WB_REASON_SYNC); iterate_supers(sync_inodes_one_sb, NULL); iterate_supers(sync_fs_one_sb, &nowait); iterate_supers(sync_fs_one_sb, &wait); iterate_bdevs(fdatawrite_one_bdev, NULL); iterate_bdevs(fdatawait_one_bdev, NULL); if (unlikely(laptop_mode)) laptop_sync_completion(); } SYSCALL_DEFINE0(sync) { ksys_sync(); return 0; } static void do_sync_work(struct work_struct *work) { int nowait = 0; /* * Sync twice to reduce the possibility we skipped some inodes / pages * because they were temporarily locked */ iterate_supers(sync_inodes_one_sb, &nowait); iterate_supers(sync_fs_one_sb, &nowait); iterate_bdevs(fdatawrite_one_bdev, NULL); iterate_supers(sync_inodes_one_sb, &nowait); iterate_supers(sync_fs_one_sb, &nowait); iterate_bdevs(fdatawrite_one_bdev, NULL); printk("Emergency Sync complete\n"); kfree(work); } void emergency_sync(void) { struct work_struct *work; work = kmalloc(sizeof(*work), GFP_ATOMIC); if (work) { INIT_WORK(work, do_sync_work); schedule_work(work); } } /* * sync a single super */ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(syncfs, int, fd) { struct fd f = fdget(fd); struct super_block *sb; int ret, ret2; if (!f.file) return -EBADF; sb = f.file->f_path.dentry->d_sb; down_read(&sb->s_umount); ret = sync_filesystem(sb); up_read(&sb->s_umount); ret2 = errseq_check_and_advance(&sb->s_wb_err, &f.file->f_sb_err); fdput(f); return ret ? ret : ret2; } /** * vfs_fsync_range - helper to sync a range of data & metadata to disk * @file: file to sync * @start: offset in bytes of the beginning of data range to sync * @end: offset in bytes of the end of data range (inclusive) * @datasync: perform only datasync * * Write back data in range @start..@end and metadata for @file to disk. If * @datasync is set only metadata needed to access modified file data is * written. */ int vfs_fsync_range(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync) { struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host; if (!file->f_op->fsync) return -EINVAL; if (!datasync && (inode->i_state & I_DIRTY_TIME)) mark_inode_dirty_sync(inode); return file->f_op->fsync(file, start, end, datasync); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_fsync_range); /** * vfs_fsync - perform a fsync or fdatasync on a file * @file: file to sync * @datasync: only perform a fdatasync operation * * Write back data and metadata for @file to disk. If @datasync is * set only metadata needed to access modified file data is written. */ int vfs_fsync(struct file *file, int datasync) { return vfs_fsync_range(file, 0, LLONG_MAX, datasync); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_fsync); static int do_fsync(unsigned int fd, int datasync) { struct fd f = fdget(fd); int ret = -EBADF; if (f.file) { ret = vfs_fsync(f.file, datasync); fdput(f); } return ret; } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(fsync, unsigned int, fd) { return do_fsync(fd, 0); } SYSCALL_DEFINE1(fdatasync, unsigned int, fd) { return do_fsync(fd, 1); } int sync_file_range(struct file *file, loff_t offset, loff_t nbytes, unsigned int flags) { int ret; struct address_space *mapping; loff_t endbyte; /* inclusive */ umode_t i_mode; ret = -EINVAL; if (flags & ~VALID_FLAGS) goto out; endbyte = offset + nbytes; if ((s64)offset < 0) goto out; if ((s64)endbyte < 0) goto out; if (endbyte < offset) goto out; if (sizeof(pgoff_t) == 4) { if (offset >= (0x100000000ULL << PAGE_SHIFT)) { /* * The range starts outside a 32 bit machine's * pagecache addressing capabilities. Let it "succeed" */ ret = 0; goto out; } if (endbyte >= (0x100000000ULL << PAGE_SHIFT)) { /* * Out to EOF */ nbytes = 0; } } if (nbytes == 0) endbyte = LLONG_MAX; else endbyte--; /* inclusive */ i_mode = file_inode(file)->i_mode; ret = -ESPIPE; if (!S_ISREG(i_mode) && !S_ISBLK(i_mode) && !S_ISDIR(i_mode) && !S_ISLNK(i_mode)) goto out; mapping = file->f_mapping; ret = 0; if (flags & SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_BEFORE) { ret = file_fdatawait_range(file, offset, endbyte); if (ret < 0) goto out; } if (flags & SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE) { int sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE; if ((flags & SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE_AND_WAIT) == SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE_AND_WAIT) sync_mode = WB_SYNC_ALL; ret = __filemap_fdatawrite_range(mapping, offset, endbyte, sync_mode); if (ret < 0) goto out; } if (flags & SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_AFTER) ret = file_fdatawait_range(file, offset, endbyte); out: return ret; } /* * ksys_sync_file_range() permits finely controlled syncing over a segment of * a file in the range offset .. (offset+nbytes-1) inclusive. If nbytes is * zero then ksys_sync_file_range() will operate from offset out to EOF. * * The flag bits are: * * SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_BEFORE: wait upon writeout of all pages in the range * before performing the write. * * SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE: initiate writeout of all those dirty pages in the * range which are not presently under writeback. Note that this may block for * significant periods due to exhaustion of disk request structures. * * SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_AFTER: wait upon writeout of all pages in the range * after performing the write. * * Useful combinations of the flag bits are: * * SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_BEFORE|SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE: ensures that all pages * in the range which were dirty on entry to ksys_sync_file_range() are placed * under writeout. This is a start-write-for-data-integrity operation. * * SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE: start writeout of all dirty pages in the range which * are not presently under writeout. This is an asynchronous flush-to-disk * operation. Not suitable for data integrity operations. * * SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_BEFORE (or SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_AFTER): wait for * completion of writeout of all pages in the range. This will be used after an * earlier SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_BEFORE|SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE operation to wait * for that operation to complete and to return the result. * * SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_BEFORE|SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE|SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_AFTER * (a.k.a. SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WRITE_AND_WAIT): * a traditional sync() operation. This is a write-for-data-integrity operation * which will ensure that all pages in the range which were dirty on entry to * ksys_sync_file_range() are written to disk. It should be noted that disk * caches are not flushed by this call, so there are no guarantees here that the * data will be available on disk after a crash. * * * SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_BEFORE and SYNC_FILE_RANGE_WAIT_AFTER will detect any * I/O errors or ENOSPC conditions and will return those to the caller, after * clearing the EIO and ENOSPC flags in the address_space. * * It should be noted that none of these operations write out the file's * metadata. So unless the application is strictly performing overwrites of * already-instantiated disk blocks, there are no guarantees here that the data * will be available after a crash. */ int ksys_sync_file_range(int fd, loff_t offset, loff_t nbytes, unsigned int flags) { int ret; struct fd f; ret = -EBADF; f = fdget(fd); if (f.file) ret = sync_file_range(f.file, offset, nbytes, flags); fdput(f); return ret; } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(sync_file_range, int, fd, loff_t, offset, loff_t, nbytes, unsigned int, flags) { return ksys_sync_file_range(fd, offset, nbytes, flags); } /* It would be nice if people remember that not all the world's an i386 when they introduce new system calls */ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(sync_file_range2, int, fd, unsigned int, flags, loff_t, offset, loff_t, nbytes) { return ksys_sync_file_range(fd, offset, nbytes, flags); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _FIB_LOOKUP_H #define _FIB_LOOKUP_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <net/ip_fib.h> #include <net/nexthop.h> struct fib_alias { struct hlist_node fa_list; struct fib_info *fa_info; u8 fa_tos; u8 fa_type; u8 fa_state; u8 fa_slen; u32 tb_id; s16 fa_default; u8 offload:1, trap:1, unused:6; struct rcu_head rcu; }; #define FA_S_ACCESSED 0x01 /* Dont write on fa_state unless needed, to keep it shared on all cpus */ static inline void fib_alias_accessed(struct fib_alias *fa) { if (!(fa->fa_state & FA_S_ACCESSED)) fa->fa_state |= FA_S_ACCESSED; } /* Exported by fib_semantics.c */ void fib_release_info(struct fib_info *); struct fib_info *fib_create_info(struct fib_config *cfg, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int fib_nh_match(struct net *net, struct fib_config *cfg, struct fib_info *fi, struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); bool fib_metrics_match(struct fib_config *cfg, struct fib_info *fi); int fib_dump_info(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 pid, u32 seq, int event, struct fib_rt_info *fri, unsigned int flags); void rtmsg_fib(int event, __be32 key, struct fib_alias *fa, int dst_len, u32 tb_id, const struct nl_info *info, unsigned int nlm_flags); static inline void fib_result_assign(struct fib_result *res, struct fib_info *fi) { /* we used to play games with refcounts, but we now use RCU */ res->fi = fi; res->nhc = fib_info_nhc(fi, 0); } struct fib_prop { int error; u8 scope; }; extern const struct fib_prop fib_props[RTN_MAX + 1]; #endif /* _FIB_LOOKUP_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 #ifndef _LINUX_HASH_H #define _LINUX_HASH_H /* Fast hashing routine for ints, longs and pointers. (C) 2002 Nadia Yvette Chambers, IBM */ #include <asm/types.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> /* * The "GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME" is used in ifs/btrfs/brtfs_inode.h and * fs/inode.c. It's not actually prime any more (the previous primes * were actively bad for hashing), but the name remains. */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32 #define GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME GOLDEN_RATIO_32 #define hash_long(val, bits) hash_32(val, bits) #elif BITS_PER_LONG == 64 #define hash_long(val, bits) hash_64(val, bits) #define GOLDEN_RATIO_PRIME GOLDEN_RATIO_64 #else #error Wordsize not 32 or 64 #endif /* * This hash multiplies the input by a large odd number and takes the * high bits. Since multiplication propagates changes to the most * significant end only, it is essential that the high bits of the * product be used for the hash value. * * Chuck Lever verified the effectiveness of this technique: * http://www.citi.umich.edu/techreports/reports/citi-tr-00-1.pdf * * Although a random odd number will do, it turns out that the golden * ratio phi = (sqrt(5)-1)/2, or its negative, has particularly nice * properties. (See Knuth vol 3, section 6.4, exercise 9.) * * These are the negative, (1 - phi) = phi**2 = (3 - sqrt(5))/2, * which is very slightly easier to multiply by and makes no * difference to the hash distribution. */ #define GOLDEN_RATIO_32 0x61C88647 #define GOLDEN_RATIO_64 0x61C8864680B583EBull #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HASH /* This header may use the GOLDEN_RATIO_xx constants */ #include <asm/hash.h> #endif /* * The _generic versions exist only so lib/test_hash.c can compare * the arch-optimized versions with the generic. * * Note that if you change these, any <asm/hash.h> that aren't updated * to match need to have their HAVE_ARCH_* define values updated so the * self-test will not false-positive. */ #ifndef HAVE_ARCH__HASH_32 #define __hash_32 __hash_32_generic #endif static inline u32 __hash_32_generic(u32 val) { return val * GOLDEN_RATIO_32; } #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_HASH_32 #define hash_32 hash_32_generic #endif static inline u32 hash_32_generic(u32 val, unsigned int bits) { /* High bits are more random, so use them. */ return __hash_32(val) >> (32 - bits); } #ifndef HAVE_ARCH_HASH_64 #define hash_64 hash_64_generic #endif static __always_inline u32 hash_64_generic(u64 val, unsigned int bits) { #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* 64x64-bit multiply is efficient on all 64-bit processors */ return val * GOLDEN_RATIO_64 >> (64 - bits); #else /* Hash 64 bits using only 32x32-bit multiply. */ return hash_32((u32)val ^ __hash_32(val >> 32), bits); #endif } static inline u32 hash_ptr(const void *ptr, unsigned int bits) { return hash_long((unsigned long)ptr, bits); } /* This really should be called fold32_ptr; it does no hashing to speak of. */ static inline u32 hash32_ptr(const void *ptr) { unsigned long val = (unsigned long)ptr; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 val ^= (val >> 32); #endif return (u32)val; } #endif /* _LINUX_HASH_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_HUGETLB_INLINE_H #define _LINUX_HUGETLB_INLINE_H #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE #include <linux/mm.h> static inline bool is_vm_hugetlb_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !!(vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGETLB); } #else static inline bool is_vm_hugetlb_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __ASM_GENERIC_PGALLOC_H #define __ASM_GENERIC_PGALLOC_H #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #define GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL (GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO) #define GFP_PGTABLE_USER (GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL | __GFP_ACCOUNT) /** * __pte_alloc_one_kernel - allocate a page for PTE-level kernel page table * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context * * This function is intended for architectures that need * anything beyond simple page allocation. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ static inline pte_t *__pte_alloc_one_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm) { return (pte_t *)__get_free_page(GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL); } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_ALLOC_ONE_KERNEL /** * pte_alloc_one_kernel - allocate a page for PTE-level kernel page table * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ static inline pte_t *pte_alloc_one_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm) { return __pte_alloc_one_kernel(mm); } #endif /** * pte_free_kernel - free PTE-level kernel page table page * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context * @pte: pointer to the memory containing the page table */ static inline void pte_free_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *pte) { free_page((unsigned long)pte); } /** * __pte_alloc_one - allocate a page for PTE-level user page table * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context * @gfp: GFP flags to use for the allocation * * Allocates a page and runs the pgtable_pte_page_ctor(). * * This function is intended for architectures that need * anything beyond simple page allocation or must have custom GFP flags. * * Return: `struct page` initialized as page table or %NULL on error */ static inline pgtable_t __pte_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *mm, gfp_t gfp) { struct page *pte; pte = alloc_page(gfp); if (!pte) return NULL; if (!pgtable_pte_page_ctor(pte)) { __free_page(pte); return NULL; } return pte; } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_ALLOC_ONE /** * pte_alloc_one - allocate a page for PTE-level user page table * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context * * Allocates a page and runs the pgtable_pte_page_ctor(). * * Return: `struct page` initialized as page table or %NULL on error */ static inline pgtable_t pte_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *mm) { return __pte_alloc_one(mm, GFP_PGTABLE_USER); } #endif /* * Should really implement gc for free page table pages. This could be * done with a reference count in struct page. */ /** * pte_free - free PTE-level user page table page * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context * @pte_page: the `struct page` representing the page table */ static inline void pte_free(struct mm_struct *mm, struct page *pte_page) { pgtable_pte_page_dtor(pte_page); __free_page(pte_page); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMD_ALLOC_ONE /** * pmd_alloc_one - allocate a page for PMD-level page table * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context * * Allocates a page and runs the pgtable_pmd_page_ctor(). * Allocations use %GFP_PGTABLE_USER in user context and * %GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL in kernel context. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { struct page *page; gfp_t gfp = GFP_PGTABLE_USER; if (mm == &init_mm) gfp = GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL; page = alloc_pages(gfp, 0); if (!page) return NULL; if (!pgtable_pmd_page_ctor(page)) { __free_pages(page, 0); return NULL; } return (pmd_t *)page_address(page); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMD_FREE static inline void pmd_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd) { BUG_ON((unsigned long)pmd & (PAGE_SIZE-1)); pgtable_pmd_page_dtor(virt_to_page(pmd)); free_page((unsigned long)pmd); } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 */ #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUD_ALLOC_ONE /** * pud_alloc_one - allocate a page for PUD-level page table * @mm: the mm_struct of the current context * * Allocates a page using %GFP_PGTABLE_USER for user context and * %GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL for kernel context. * * Return: pointer to the allocated memory or %NULL on error */ static inline pud_t *pud_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { gfp_t gfp = GFP_PGTABLE_USER; if (mm == &init_mm) gfp = GFP_PGTABLE_KERNEL; return (pud_t *)get_zeroed_page(gfp); } #endif static inline void pud_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud) { BUG_ON((unsigned long)pud & (PAGE_SIZE-1)); free_page((unsigned long)pud); } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGD_FREE static inline void pgd_free(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd) { free_page((unsigned long)pgd); } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #endif /* __ASM_GENERIC_PGALLOC_H */
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1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PGTABLE_H #define _LINUX_PGTABLE_H #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <asm/pgtable.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/errno.h> #include <asm-generic/pgtable_uffd.h> #if 5 - defined(__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED) - defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) - \ defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) != CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS #error CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS is not consistent with __PAGETABLE_{P4D,PUD,PMD}_FOLDED #endif /* * On almost all architectures and configurations, 0 can be used as the * upper ceiling to free_pgtables(): on many architectures it has the same * effect as using TASK_SIZE. However, there is one configuration which * must impose a more careful limit, to avoid freeing kernel pgtables. */ #ifndef USER_PGTABLES_CEILING #define USER_PGTABLES_CEILING 0UL #endif /* * A page table page can be thought of an array like this: pXd_t[PTRS_PER_PxD] * * The pXx_index() functions return the index of the entry in the page * table page which would control the given virtual address * * As these functions may be used by the same code for different levels of * the page table folding, they are always available, regardless of * CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS value. For the folded levels they simply return 0 * because in such cases PTRS_PER_PxD equals 1. */ static inline unsigned long pte_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> PAGE_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PTE - 1); } #ifndef pmd_index static inline unsigned long pmd_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> PMD_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PMD - 1); } #define pmd_index pmd_index #endif #ifndef pud_index static inline unsigned long pud_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> PUD_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PUD - 1); } #define pud_index pud_index #endif #ifndef pgd_index /* Must be a compile-time constant, so implement it as a macro */ #define pgd_index(a) (((a) >> PGDIR_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PGD - 1)) #endif #ifndef pte_offset_kernel static inline pte_t *pte_offset_kernel(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long address) { return (pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd) + pte_index(address); } #define pte_offset_kernel pte_offset_kernel #endif #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHPTE) #define pte_offset_map(dir, address) \ ((pte_t *)kmap_atomic(pmd_page(*(dir))) + \ pte_index((address))) #define pte_unmap(pte) kunmap_atomic((pte)) #else #define pte_offset_map(dir, address) pte_offset_kernel((dir), (address)) #define pte_unmap(pte) ((void)(pte)) /* NOP */ #endif /* Find an entry in the second-level page table.. */ #ifndef pmd_offset static inline pmd_t *pmd_offset(pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return (pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud) + pmd_index(address); } #define pmd_offset pmd_offset #endif #ifndef pud_offset static inline pud_t *pud_offset(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address) { return (pud_t *)p4d_page_vaddr(*p4d) + pud_index(address); } #define pud_offset pud_offset #endif static inline pgd_t *pgd_offset_pgd(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { return (pgd + pgd_index(address)); }; /* * a shortcut to get a pgd_t in a given mm */ #ifndef pgd_offset #define pgd_offset(mm, address) pgd_offset_pgd((mm)->pgd, (address)) #endif /* * a shortcut which implies the use of the kernel's pgd, instead * of a process's */ #ifndef pgd_offset_k #define pgd_offset_k(address) pgd_offset(&init_mm, (address)) #endif /* * In many cases it is known that a virtual address is mapped at PMD or PTE * level, so instead of traversing all the page table levels, we can get a * pointer to the PMD entry in user or kernel page table or translate a virtual * address to the pointer in the PTE in the kernel page tables with simple * helpers. */ static inline pmd_t *pmd_off(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long va) { return pmd_offset(pud_offset(p4d_offset(pgd_offset(mm, va), va), va), va); } static inline pmd_t *pmd_off_k(unsigned long va) { return pmd_offset(pud_offset(p4d_offset(pgd_offset_k(va), va), va), va); } static inline pte_t *virt_to_kpte(unsigned long vaddr) { pmd_t *pmd = pmd_off_k(vaddr); return pmd_none(*pmd) ? NULL : pte_offset_kernel(pmd, vaddr); } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS extern int ptep_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, pte_t entry, int dirty); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE extern int pmdp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t entry, int dirty); extern int pudp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, pud_t entry, int dirty); #else static inline int pmdp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t entry, int dirty) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } static inline int pudp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, pud_t entry, int dirty) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG static inline int ptep_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t pte = *ptep; int r = 1; if (!pte_young(pte)) r = 0; else set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, address, ptep, pte_mkold(pte)); return r; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t pmd = *pmdp; int r = 1; if (!pmd_young(pmd)) r = 0; else set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp, pmd_mkold(pmd)); return r; } #else static inline int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH int ptep_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE extern int pmdp_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #else /* * Despite relevant to THP only, this API is called from generic rmap code * under PageTransHuge(), hence needs a dummy implementation for !THP */ static inline int pmdp_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t pte = *ptep; pte_clear(mm, address, ptep); return pte; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET static inline pte_t ptep_get(pte_t *ptep) { return READ_ONCE(*ptep); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pmd_t pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t pmd = *pmdp; pmd_clear(pmdp); return pmd; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pud_t pudp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp) { pud_t pud = *pudp; pud_clear(pudp); return pud; } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR */ #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pmd_t pmdp_huge_get_and_clear_full(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, int full) { return pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pud_t pudp_huge_get_and_clear_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, int full) { return pudp_huge_get_and_clear(mm, address, pudp); } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, int full) { pte_t pte; pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, address, ptep); return pte; } #endif /* * If two threads concurrently fault at the same page, the thread that * won the race updates the PTE and its local TLB/Cache. The other thread * gives up, simply does nothing, and continues; on architectures where * software can update TLB, local TLB can be updated here to avoid next page * fault. This function updates TLB only, do nothing with cache or others. * It is the difference with function update_mmu_cache. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_UPDATE_MMU_TLB static inline void update_mmu_tlb(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { } #define __HAVE_ARCH_UPDATE_MMU_TLB #endif /* * Some architectures may be able to avoid expensive synchronization * primitives when modifications are made to PTE's which are already * not present, or in the process of an address space destruction. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_CLEAR_NOT_PRESENT_FULL static inline void pte_clear_not_present_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, int full) { pte_clear(mm, address, ptep); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_FLUSH extern pte_t ptep_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_CLEAR_FLUSH extern pmd_t pmdp_huge_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); extern pud_t pudp_huge_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_WRPROTECT struct mm_struct; static inline void ptep_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t old_pte = *ptep; set_pte_at(mm, address, ptep, pte_wrprotect(old_pte)); } #endif /* * On some architectures hardware does not set page access bit when accessing * memory page, it is responsibilty of software setting this bit. It brings * out extra page fault penalty to track page access bit. For optimization page * access bit can be set during all page fault flow on these arches. * To be differentiate with macro pte_mkyoung, this macro is used on platforms * where software maintains page access bit. */ #ifndef pte_sw_mkyoung static inline pte_t pte_sw_mkyoung(pte_t pte) { return pte; } #define pte_sw_mkyoung pte_sw_mkyoung #endif #ifndef pte_savedwrite #define pte_savedwrite pte_write #endif #ifndef pte_mk_savedwrite #define pte_mk_savedwrite pte_mkwrite #endif #ifndef pte_clear_savedwrite #define pte_clear_savedwrite pte_wrprotect #endif #ifndef pmd_savedwrite #define pmd_savedwrite pmd_write #endif #ifndef pmd_mk_savedwrite #define pmd_mk_savedwrite pmd_mkwrite #endif #ifndef pmd_clear_savedwrite #define pmd_clear_savedwrite pmd_wrprotect #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_WRPROTECT #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline void pmdp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t old_pmd = *pmdp; set_pmd_at(mm, address, pmdp, pmd_wrprotect(old_pmd)); } #else static inline void pmdp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); } #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_SET_WRPROTECT #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD static inline void pudp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp) { pud_t old_pud = *pudp; set_pud_at(mm, address, pudp, pud_wrprotect(old_pud)); } #else static inline void pudp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp) { BUILD_BUG(); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD */ #endif #ifndef pmdp_collapse_flush #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE extern pmd_t pmdp_collapse_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #else static inline pmd_t pmdp_collapse_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp) { BUILD_BUG(); return *pmdp; } #define pmdp_collapse_flush pmdp_collapse_flush #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGTABLE_DEPOSIT extern void pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmdp, pgtable_t pgtable); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGTABLE_WITHDRAW extern pgtable_t pgtable_trans_huge_withdraw(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmdp); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* * This is an implementation of pmdp_establish() that is only suitable for an * architecture that doesn't have hardware dirty/accessed bits. In this case we * can't race with CPU which sets these bits and non-atomic aproach is fine. */ static inline pmd_t generic_pmdp_establish(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { pmd_t old_pmd = *pmdp; set_pmd_at(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp, pmd); return old_pmd; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_INVALIDATE extern pmd_t pmdp_invalidate(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME static inline int pte_same(pte_t pte_a, pte_t pte_b) { return pte_val(pte_a) == pte_val(pte_b); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_UNUSED /* * Some architectures provide facilities to virtualization guests * so that they can flag allocated pages as unused. This allows the * host to transparently reclaim unused pages. This function returns * whether the pte's page is unused. */ static inline int pte_unused(pte_t pte) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef pte_access_permitted #define pte_access_permitted(pte, write) \ (pte_present(pte) && (!(write) || pte_write(pte))) #endif #ifndef pmd_access_permitted #define pmd_access_permitted(pmd, write) \ (pmd_present(pmd) && (!(write) || pmd_write(pmd))) #endif #ifndef pud_access_permitted #define pud_access_permitted(pud, write) \ (pud_present(pud) && (!(write) || pud_write(pud))) #endif #ifndef p4d_access_permitted #define p4d_access_permitted(p4d, write) \ (p4d_present(p4d) && (!(write) || p4d_write(p4d))) #endif #ifndef pgd_access_permitted #define pgd_access_permitted(pgd, write) \ (pgd_present(pgd) && (!(write) || pgd_write(pgd))) #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PMD_SAME static inline int pmd_same(pmd_t pmd_a, pmd_t pmd_b) { return pmd_val(pmd_a) == pmd_val(pmd_b); } static inline int pud_same(pud_t pud_a, pud_t pud_b) { return pud_val(pud_a) == pud_val(pud_b); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_P4D_SAME static inline int p4d_same(p4d_t p4d_a, p4d_t p4d_b) { return p4d_val(p4d_a) == p4d_val(p4d_b); } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGD_SAME static inline int pgd_same(pgd_t pgd_a, pgd_t pgd_b) { return pgd_val(pgd_a) == pgd_val(pgd_b); } #endif /* * Use set_p*_safe(), and elide TLB flushing, when confident that *no* * TLB flush will be required as a result of the "set". For example, use * in scenarios where it is known ahead of time that the routine is * setting non-present entries, or re-setting an existing entry to the * same value. Otherwise, use the typical "set" helpers and flush the * TLB. */ #define set_pte_safe(ptep, pte) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pte_present(*ptep) && !pte_same(*ptep, pte)); \ set_pte(ptep, pte); \ }) #define set_pmd_safe(pmdp, pmd) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pmd_present(*pmdp) && !pmd_same(*pmdp, pmd)); \ set_pmd(pmdp, pmd); \ }) #define set_pud_safe(pudp, pud) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pud_present(*pudp) && !pud_same(*pudp, pud)); \ set_pud(pudp, pud); \ }) #define set_p4d_safe(p4dp, p4d) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(p4d_present(*p4dp) && !p4d_same(*p4dp, p4d)); \ set_p4d(p4dp, p4d); \ }) #define set_pgd_safe(pgdp, pgd) \ ({ \ WARN_ON_ONCE(pgd_present(*pgdp) && !pgd_same(*pgdp, pgd)); \ set_pgd(pgdp, pgd); \ }) #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_DO_SWAP_PAGE /* * Some architectures support metadata associated with a page. When a * page is being swapped out, this metadata must be saved so it can be * restored when the page is swapped back in. SPARC M7 and newer * processors support an ADI (Application Data Integrity) tag for the * page as metadata for the page. arch_do_swap_page() can restore this * metadata when a page is swapped back in. */ static inline void arch_do_swap_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte, pte_t oldpte) { } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_UNMAP_ONE /* * Some architectures support metadata associated with a page. When a * page is being swapped out, this metadata must be saved so it can be * restored when the page is swapped back in. SPARC M7 and newer * processors support an ADI (Application Data Integrity) tag for the * page as metadata for the page. arch_unmap_one() can save this * metadata on a swap-out of a page. */ static inline int arch_unmap_one(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t orig_pte) { return 0; } #endif /* * Allow architectures to preserve additional metadata associated with * swapped-out pages. The corresponding __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_* macros and function * prototypes must be defined in the arch-specific asm/pgtable.h file. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PREPARE_TO_SWAP static inline int arch_prepare_to_swap(struct page *page) { return 0; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_INVALIDATE static inline void arch_swap_invalidate_page(int type, pgoff_t offset) { } static inline void arch_swap_invalidate_area(int type) { } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SWAP_RESTORE static inline void arch_swap_restore(swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page) { } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PGD_OFFSET_GATE #define pgd_offset_gate(mm, addr) pgd_offset(mm, addr) #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MOVE_PTE #define move_pte(pte, prot, old_addr, new_addr) (pte) #endif #ifndef pte_accessible # define pte_accessible(mm, pte) ((void)(pte), 1) #endif #ifndef flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault #define flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vma, address) flush_tlb_page(vma, address) #endif /* * When walking page tables, get the address of the next boundary, * or the end address of the range if that comes earlier. Although no * vma end wraps to 0, rounded up __boundary may wrap to 0 throughout. */ #define pgd_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + PGDIR_SIZE) & PGDIR_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #ifndef p4d_addr_end #define p4d_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + P4D_SIZE) & P4D_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #endif #ifndef pud_addr_end #define pud_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + PUD_SIZE) & PUD_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #endif #ifndef pmd_addr_end #define pmd_addr_end(addr, end) \ ({ unsigned long __boundary = ((addr) + PMD_SIZE) & PMD_MASK; \ (__boundary - 1 < (end) - 1)? __boundary: (end); \ }) #endif /* * When walking page tables, we usually want to skip any p?d_none entries; * and any p?d_bad entries - reporting the error before resetting to none. * Do the tests inline, but report and clear the bad entry in mm/memory.c. */ void pgd_clear_bad(pgd_t *); #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED void p4d_clear_bad(p4d_t *); #else #define p4d_clear_bad(p4d) do { } while (0) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED void pud_clear_bad(pud_t *); #else #define pud_clear_bad(p4d) do { } while (0) #endif void pmd_clear_bad(pmd_t *); static inline int pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd_t *pgd) { if (pgd_none(*pgd)) return 1; if (unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd))) { pgd_clear_bad(pgd); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int p4d_none_or_clear_bad(p4d_t *p4d) { if (p4d_none(*p4d)) return 1; if (unlikely(p4d_bad(*p4d))) { p4d_clear_bad(p4d); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud_t *pud) { if (pud_none(*pud)) return 1; if (unlikely(pud_bad(*pud))) { pud_clear_bad(pud); return 1; } return 0; } static inline int pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd_t *pmd) { if (pmd_none(*pmd)) return 1; if (unlikely(pmd_bad(*pmd))) { pmd_clear_bad(pmd); return 1; } return 0; } static inline pte_t __ptep_modify_prot_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { /* * Get the current pte state, but zero it out to make it * non-present, preventing the hardware from asynchronously * updating it. */ return ptep_get_and_clear(vma->vm_mm, addr, ptep); } static inline void __ptep_modify_prot_commit(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { /* * The pte is non-present, so there's no hardware state to * preserve. */ set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, addr, ptep, pte); } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_MODIFY_PROT_TRANSACTION /* * Start a pte protection read-modify-write transaction, which * protects against asynchronous hardware modifications to the pte. * The intention is not to prevent the hardware from making pte * updates, but to prevent any updates it may make from being lost. * * This does not protect against other software modifications of the * pte; the appropriate pte lock must be held over the transation. * * Note that this interface is intended to be batchable, meaning that * ptep_modify_prot_commit may not actually update the pte, but merely * queue the update to be done at some later time. The update must be * actually committed before the pte lock is released, however. */ static inline pte_t ptep_modify_prot_start(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { return __ptep_modify_prot_start(vma, addr, ptep); } /* * Commit an update to a pte, leaving any hardware-controlled bits in * the PTE unmodified. */ static inline void ptep_modify_prot_commit(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t old_pte, pte_t pte) { __ptep_modify_prot_commit(vma, addr, ptep, pte); } #endif /* __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_MODIFY_PROT_TRANSACTION */ #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ /* * No-op macros that just return the current protection value. Defined here * because these macros can be used even if CONFIG_MMU is not defined. */ #ifndef pgprot_nx #define pgprot_nx(prot) (prot) #endif #ifndef pgprot_noncached #define pgprot_noncached(prot) (prot) #endif #ifndef pgprot_writecombine #define pgprot_writecombine pgprot_noncached #endif #ifndef pgprot_writethrough #define pgprot_writethrough pgprot_noncached #endif #ifndef pgprot_device #define pgprot_device pgprot_noncached #endif #ifndef pgprot_mhp #define pgprot_mhp(prot) (prot) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #ifndef pgprot_modify #define pgprot_modify pgprot_modify static inline pgprot_t pgprot_modify(pgprot_t oldprot, pgprot_t newprot) { if (pgprot_val(oldprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_noncached(oldprot))) newprot = pgprot_noncached(newprot); if (pgprot_val(oldprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_writecombine(oldprot))) newprot = pgprot_writecombine(newprot); if (pgprot_val(oldprot) == pgprot_val(pgprot_device(oldprot))) newprot = pgprot_device(newprot); return newprot; } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #ifndef pgprot_encrypted #define pgprot_encrypted(prot) (prot) #endif #ifndef pgprot_decrypted #define pgprot_decrypted(prot) (prot) #endif /* * A facility to provide lazy MMU batching. This allows PTE updates and * page invalidations to be delayed until a call to leave lazy MMU mode * is issued. Some architectures may benefit from doing this, and it is * beneficial for both shadow and direct mode hypervisors, which may batch * the PTE updates which happen during this window. Note that using this * interface requires that read hazards be removed from the code. A read * hazard could result in the direct mode hypervisor case, since the actual * write to the page tables may not yet have taken place, so reads though * a raw PTE pointer after it has been modified are not guaranteed to be * up to date. This mode can only be entered and left under the protection of * the page table locks for all page tables which may be modified. In the UP * case, this is required so that preemption is disabled, and in the SMP case, * it must synchronize the delayed page table writes properly on other CPUs. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_ENTER_LAZY_MMU_MODE #define arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode() do {} while (0) #define arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode() do {} while (0) #define arch_flush_lazy_mmu_mode() do {} while (0) #endif /* * A facility to provide batching of the reload of page tables and * other process state with the actual context switch code for * paravirtualized guests. By convention, only one of the batched * update (lazy) modes (CPU, MMU) should be active at any given time, * entry should never be nested, and entry and exits should always be * paired. This is for sanity of maintaining and reasoning about the * kernel code. In this case, the exit (end of the context switch) is * in architecture-specific code, and so doesn't need a generic * definition. */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_START_CONTEXT_SWITCH #define arch_start_context_switch(prev) do {} while (0) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline int pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } #endif #else /* !CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY */ static inline int pte_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline pmd_t pmd_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline pte_t pte_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline int pte_swp_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } static inline int pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd; } #endif #ifndef __HAVE_PFNMAP_TRACKING /* * Interfaces that can be used by architecture code to keep track of * memory type of pfn mappings specified by the remap_pfn_range, * vmf_insert_pfn. */ /* * track_pfn_remap is called when a _new_ pfn mapping is being established * by remap_pfn_range() for physical range indicated by pfn and size. */ static inline int track_pfn_remap(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size) { return 0; } /* * track_pfn_insert is called when a _new_ single pfn is established * by vmf_insert_pfn(). */ static inline void track_pfn_insert(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, pfn_t pfn) { } /* * track_pfn_copy is called when vma that is covering the pfnmap gets * copied through copy_page_range(). */ static inline int track_pfn_copy(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return 0; } /* * untrack_pfn is called while unmapping a pfnmap for a region. * untrack can be called for a specific region indicated by pfn and size or * can be for the entire vma (in which case pfn, size are zero). */ static inline void untrack_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size) { } /* * untrack_pfn_moved is called while mremapping a pfnmap for a new region. */ static inline void untrack_pfn_moved(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { } #else extern int track_pfn_remap(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long addr, unsigned long size); extern void track_pfn_insert(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t *prot, pfn_t pfn); extern int track_pfn_copy(struct vm_area_struct *vma); extern void untrack_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size); extern void untrack_pfn_moved(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #endif #ifdef __HAVE_COLOR_ZERO_PAGE static inline int is_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn) { extern unsigned long zero_pfn; unsigned long offset_from_zero_pfn = pfn - zero_pfn; return offset_from_zero_pfn <= (zero_page_mask >> PAGE_SHIFT); } #define my_zero_pfn(addr) page_to_pfn(ZERO_PAGE(addr)) #else static inline int is_zero_pfn(unsigned long pfn) { extern unsigned long zero_pfn; return pfn == zero_pfn; } static inline unsigned long my_zero_pfn(unsigned long addr) { extern unsigned long zero_pfn; return zero_pfn; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU #ifndef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE static inline int pmd_trans_huge(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } #ifndef pmd_write static inline int pmd_write(pmd_t pmd) { BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* pmd_write */ #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ #ifndef pud_write static inline int pud_write(pud_t pud) { BUG(); return 0; } #endif /* pud_write */ #if !defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP) || !defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) static inline int pmd_devmap(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } static inline int pud_devmap(pud_t pud) { return 0; } static inline int pgd_devmap(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; } #endif #if !defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) || \ (defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ !defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD)) static inline int pud_trans_huge(pud_t pud) { return 0; } #endif /* See pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad for discussion. */ static inline int pud_none_or_trans_huge_or_dev_or_clear_bad(pud_t *pud) { pud_t pudval = READ_ONCE(*pud); if (pud_none(pudval) || pud_trans_huge(pudval) || pud_devmap(pudval)) return 1; if (unlikely(pud_bad(pudval))) { pud_clear_bad(pud); return 1; } return 0; } /* See pmd_trans_unstable for discussion. */ static inline int pud_trans_unstable(pud_t *pud) { #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && \ defined(CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD) return pud_none_or_trans_huge_or_dev_or_clear_bad(pud); #else return 0; #endif } #ifndef pmd_read_atomic static inline pmd_t pmd_read_atomic(pmd_t *pmdp) { /* * Depend on compiler for an atomic pmd read. NOTE: this is * only going to work, if the pmdval_t isn't larger than * an unsigned long. */ return *pmdp; } #endif #ifndef arch_needs_pgtable_deposit #define arch_needs_pgtable_deposit() (false) #endif /* * This function is meant to be used by sites walking pagetables with * the mmap_lock held in read mode to protect against MADV_DONTNEED and * transhuge page faults. MADV_DONTNEED can convert a transhuge pmd * into a null pmd and the transhuge page fault can convert a null pmd * into an hugepmd or into a regular pmd (if the hugepage allocation * fails). While holding the mmap_lock in read mode the pmd becomes * stable and stops changing under us only if it's not null and not a * transhuge pmd. When those races occurs and this function makes a * difference vs the standard pmd_none_or_clear_bad, the result is * undefined so behaving like if the pmd was none is safe (because it * can return none anyway). The compiler level barrier() is critically * important to compute the two checks atomically on the same pmdval. * * For 32bit kernels with a 64bit large pmd_t this automatically takes * care of reading the pmd atomically to avoid SMP race conditions * against pmd_populate() when the mmap_lock is hold for reading by the * caller (a special atomic read not done by "gcc" as in the generic * version above, is also needed when THP is disabled because the page * fault can populate the pmd from under us). */ static inline int pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd_t *pmd) { pmd_t pmdval = pmd_read_atomic(pmd); /* * The barrier will stabilize the pmdval in a register or on * the stack so that it will stop changing under the code. * * When CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE=y on x86 32bit PAE, * pmd_read_atomic is allowed to return a not atomic pmdval * (for example pointing to an hugepage that has never been * mapped in the pmd). The below checks will only care about * the low part of the pmd with 32bit PAE x86 anyway, with the * exception of pmd_none(). So the important thing is that if * the low part of the pmd is found null, the high part will * be also null or the pmd_none() check below would be * confused. */ #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE barrier(); #endif /* * !pmd_present() checks for pmd migration entries * * The complete check uses is_pmd_migration_entry() in linux/swapops.h * But using that requires moving current function and pmd_trans_unstable() * to linux/swapops.h to resovle dependency, which is too much code move. * * !pmd_present() is equivalent to is_pmd_migration_entry() currently, * because !pmd_present() pages can only be under migration not swapped * out. * * pmd_none() is preseved for future condition checks on pmd migration * entries and not confusing with this function name, although it is * redundant with !pmd_present(). */ if (pmd_none(pmdval) || pmd_trans_huge(pmdval) || (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION) && !pmd_present(pmdval))) return 1; if (unlikely(pmd_bad(pmdval))) { pmd_clear_bad(pmd); return 1; } return 0; } /* * This is a noop if Transparent Hugepage Support is not built into * the kernel. Otherwise it is equivalent to * pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(), and shall only be called in * places that already verified the pmd is not none and they want to * walk ptes while holding the mmap sem in read mode (write mode don't * need this). If THP is not enabled, the pmd can't go away under the * code even if MADV_DONTNEED runs, but if THP is enabled we need to * run a pmd_trans_unstable before walking the ptes after * split_huge_pmd returns (because it may have run when the pmd become * null, but then a page fault can map in a THP and not a regular page). */ static inline int pmd_trans_unstable(pmd_t *pmd) { #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE return pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad(pmd); #else return 0; #endif } #ifndef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * Technically a PTE can be PROTNONE even when not doing NUMA balancing but * the only case the kernel cares is for NUMA balancing and is only ever set * when the VMA is accessible. For PROT_NONE VMAs, the PTEs are not marked * _PAGE_PROTNONE so by default, implement the helper as "always no". It * is the responsibility of the caller to distinguish between PROT_NONE * protections and NUMA hinting fault protections. */ static inline int pte_protnone(pte_t pte) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_protnone(pmd_t pmd) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED int p4d_set_huge(p4d_t *p4d, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot); int p4d_clear_huge(p4d_t *p4d); #else static inline int p4d_set_huge(p4d_t *p4d, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int p4d_clear_huge(p4d_t *p4d) { return 0; } #endif /* !__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED */ int pud_set_huge(pud_t *pud, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot); int pmd_set_huge(pmd_t *pmd, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot); int pud_clear_huge(pud_t *pud); int pmd_clear_huge(pmd_t *pmd); int p4d_free_pud_page(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr); int pud_free_pmd_page(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr); int pmd_free_pte_page(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr); #else /* !CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP */ static inline int p4d_set_huge(p4d_t *p4d, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int pud_set_huge(pud_t *pud, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_set_huge(pmd_t *pmd, phys_addr_t addr, pgprot_t prot) { return 0; } static inline int p4d_clear_huge(p4d_t *p4d) { return 0; } static inline int pud_clear_huge(pud_t *pud) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_clear_huge(pmd_t *pmd) { return 0; } static inline int p4d_free_pud_page(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int pud_free_pmd_page(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline int pmd_free_pte_page(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP */ #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_FLUSH_PMD_TLB_RANGE #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* * ARCHes with special requirements for evicting THP backing TLB entries can * implement this. Otherwise also, it can help optimize normal TLB flush in * THP regime. Stock flush_tlb_range() typically has optimization to nuke the * entire TLB if flush span is greater than a threshold, which will * likely be true for a single huge page. Thus a single THP flush will * invalidate the entire TLB which is not desirable. * e.g. see arch/arc: flush_pmd_tlb_range */ #define flush_pmd_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) flush_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) #define flush_pud_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) flush_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) #else #define flush_pmd_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) BUILD_BUG() #define flush_pud_tlb_range(vma, addr, end) BUILD_BUG() #endif #endif struct file; int phys_mem_access_prot_allowed(struct file *file, unsigned long pfn, unsigned long size, pgprot_t *vma_prot); #ifndef CONFIG_X86_ESPFIX64 static inline void init_espfix_bsp(void) { } #endif extern void __init pgtable_cache_init(void); #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED static inline bool pfn_modify_allowed(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { return true; } static inline bool arch_has_pfn_modify_check(void) { return false; } #endif /* !_HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED */ /* * Architecture PAGE_KERNEL_* fallbacks * * Some architectures don't define certain PAGE_KERNEL_* flags. This is either * because they really don't support them, or the port needs to be updated to * reflect the required functionality. Below are a set of relatively safe * fallbacks, as best effort, which we can count on in lieu of the architectures * not defining them on their own yet. */ #ifndef PAGE_KERNEL_RO # define PAGE_KERNEL_RO PAGE_KERNEL #endif #ifndef PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC # define PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC PAGE_KERNEL #endif /* * Page Table Modification bits for pgtbl_mod_mask. * * These are used by the p?d_alloc_track*() set of functions an in the generic * vmalloc/ioremap code to track at which page-table levels entries have been * modified. Based on that the code can better decide when vmalloc and ioremap * mapping changes need to be synchronized to other page-tables in the system. */ #define __PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED 0 #define __PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED 1 #define __PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED 2 #define __PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED 3 #define __PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED 4 #define PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PGD_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_P4D_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PUD_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PMD_MODIFIED) #define PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED BIT(__PGTBL_PTE_MODIFIED) /* Page-Table Modification Mask */ typedef unsigned int pgtbl_mod_mask; #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #if !defined(MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS) && !defined(CONFIG_64BIT) #ifdef CONFIG_PHYS_ADDR_T_64BIT /* * ZSMALLOC needs to know the highest PFN on 32-bit architectures * with physical address space extension, but falls back to * BITS_PER_LONG otherwise. */ #error Missing MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS definition #else #define MAX_POSSIBLE_PHYSMEM_BITS 32 #endif #endif #ifndef has_transparent_hugepage #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE #define has_transparent_hugepage() 1 #else #define has_transparent_hugepage() 0 #endif #endif /* * On some architectures it depends on the mm if the p4d/pud or pmd * layer of the page table hierarchy is folded or not. */ #ifndef mm_p4d_folded #define mm_p4d_folded(mm) __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED) #endif #ifndef mm_pud_folded #define mm_pud_folded(mm) __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) #endif #ifndef mm_pmd_folded #define mm_pmd_folded(mm) __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) #endif #ifndef p4d_offset_lockless #define p4d_offset_lockless(pgdp, pgd, address) p4d_offset(&(pgd), address) #endif #ifndef pud_offset_lockless #define pud_offset_lockless(p4dp, p4d, address) pud_offset(&(p4d), address) #endif #ifndef pmd_offset_lockless #define pmd_offset_lockless(pudp, pud, address) pmd_offset(&(pud), address) #endif /* * p?d_leaf() - true if this entry is a final mapping to a physical address. * This differs from p?d_huge() by the fact that they are always available (if * the architecture supports large pages at the appropriate level) even * if CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE is not defined. * Only meaningful when called on a valid entry. */ #ifndef pgd_leaf #define pgd_leaf(x) 0 #endif #ifndef p4d_leaf #define p4d_leaf(x) 0 #endif #ifndef pud_leaf #define pud_leaf(x) 0 #endif #ifndef pmd_leaf #define pmd_leaf(x) 0 #endif #endif /* _LINUX_PGTABLE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* request_key authorisation token key type * * Copyright (C) 2005 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ #ifndef _KEYS_REQUEST_KEY_AUTH_TYPE_H #define _KEYS_REQUEST_KEY_AUTH_TYPE_H #include <linux/key.h> /* * Authorisation record for request_key(). */ struct request_key_auth { struct rcu_head rcu; struct key *target_key; struct key *dest_keyring; const struct cred *cred; void *callout_info; size_t callout_len; pid_t pid; char op[8]; } __randomize_layout; static inline struct request_key_auth *get_request_key_auth(const struct key *key) { return key->payload.data[0]; } #endif /* _KEYS_REQUEST_KEY_AUTH_TYPE_H */
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1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_H #define _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_H #include <linux/mem_encrypt.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/pgtable_types.h> /* * Macro to mark a page protection value as UC- */ #define pgprot_noncached(prot) \ ((boot_cpu_data.x86 > 3) \ ? (__pgprot(pgprot_val(prot) | \ cachemode2protval(_PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS))) \ : (prot)) /* * Macros to add or remove encryption attribute */ #define pgprot_encrypted(prot) __pgprot(__sme_set(pgprot_val(prot))) #define pgprot_decrypted(prot) __pgprot(__sme_clr(pgprot_val(prot))) #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <asm/x86_init.h> #include <asm/fpu/xstate.h> #include <asm/fpu/api.h> #include <asm-generic/pgtable_uffd.h> extern pgd_t early_top_pgt[PTRS_PER_PGD]; bool __init __early_make_pgtable(unsigned long address, pmdval_t pmd); void ptdump_walk_pgd_level(struct seq_file *m, struct mm_struct *mm); void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_debugfs(struct seq_file *m, struct mm_struct *mm, bool user); void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_checkwx(void); void ptdump_walk_user_pgd_level_checkwx(void); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_WX #define debug_checkwx() ptdump_walk_pgd_level_checkwx() #define debug_checkwx_user() ptdump_walk_user_pgd_level_checkwx() #else #define debug_checkwx() do { } while (0) #define debug_checkwx_user() do { } while (0) #endif /* * ZERO_PAGE is a global shared page that is always zero: used * for zero-mapped memory areas etc.. */ extern unsigned long empty_zero_page[PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(unsigned long)] __visible; #define ZERO_PAGE(vaddr) ((void)(vaddr),virt_to_page(empty_zero_page)) extern spinlock_t pgd_lock; extern struct list_head pgd_list; extern struct mm_struct *pgd_page_get_mm(struct page *page); extern pmdval_t early_pmd_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #define set_pte(ptep, pte) native_set_pte(ptep, pte) #define set_pte_atomic(ptep, pte) \ native_set_pte_atomic(ptep, pte) #define set_pmd(pmdp, pmd) native_set_pmd(pmdp, pmd) #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED #define set_pgd(pgdp, pgd) native_set_pgd(pgdp, pgd) #define pgd_clear(pgd) (pgtable_l5_enabled() ? native_pgd_clear(pgd) : 0) #endif #ifndef set_p4d # define set_p4d(p4dp, p4d) native_set_p4d(p4dp, p4d) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED #define p4d_clear(p4d) native_p4d_clear(p4d) #endif #ifndef set_pud # define set_pud(pudp, pud) native_set_pud(pudp, pud) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED #define pud_clear(pud) native_pud_clear(pud) #endif #define pte_clear(mm, addr, ptep) native_pte_clear(mm, addr, ptep) #define pmd_clear(pmd) native_pmd_clear(pmd) #define pgd_val(x) native_pgd_val(x) #define __pgd(x) native_make_pgd(x) #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED #define p4d_val(x) native_p4d_val(x) #define __p4d(x) native_make_p4d(x) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED #define pud_val(x) native_pud_val(x) #define __pud(x) native_make_pud(x) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED #define pmd_val(x) native_pmd_val(x) #define __pmd(x) native_make_pmd(x) #endif #define pte_val(x) native_pte_val(x) #define __pte(x) native_make_pte(x) #define arch_end_context_switch(prev) do {} while(0) #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ /* * The following only work if pte_present() is true. * Undefined behaviour if not.. */ static inline int pte_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_DIRTY; } static inline u32 read_pkru(void) { if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return rdpkru(); return 0; } static inline void write_pkru(u32 pkru) { struct pkru_state *pk; if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return; pk = get_xsave_addr(&current->thread.fpu.state.xsave, XFEATURE_PKRU); /* * The PKRU value in xstate needs to be in sync with the value that is * written to the CPU. The FPU restore on return to userland would * otherwise load the previous value again. */ fpregs_lock(); if (pk) pk->pkru = pkru; __write_pkru(pkru); fpregs_unlock(); } static inline int pte_young(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; } static inline int pmd_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_DIRTY; } static inline int pmd_young(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; } static inline int pud_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_DIRTY; } static inline int pud_young(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; } static inline int pte_write(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_RW; } static inline int pte_huge(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_PSE; } static inline int pte_global(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_GLOBAL; } static inline int pte_exec(pte_t pte) { return !(pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_NX); } static inline int pte_special(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SPECIAL; } /* Entries that were set to PROT_NONE are inverted */ static inline u64 protnone_mask(u64 val); static inline unsigned long pte_pfn(pte_t pte) { phys_addr_t pfn = pte_val(pte); pfn ^= protnone_mask(pfn); return (pfn & PTE_PFN_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long pmd_pfn(pmd_t pmd) { phys_addr_t pfn = pmd_val(pmd); pfn ^= protnone_mask(pfn); return (pfn & pmd_pfn_mask(pmd)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long pud_pfn(pud_t pud) { phys_addr_t pfn = pud_val(pud); pfn ^= protnone_mask(pfn); return (pfn & pud_pfn_mask(pud)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long p4d_pfn(p4d_t p4d) { return (p4d_val(p4d) & p4d_pfn_mask(p4d)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long pgd_pfn(pgd_t pgd) { return (pgd_val(pgd) & PTE_PFN_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } #define p4d_leaf p4d_large static inline int p4d_large(p4d_t p4d) { /* No 512 GiB pages yet */ return 0; } #define pte_page(pte) pfn_to_page(pte_pfn(pte)) #define pmd_leaf pmd_large static inline int pmd_large(pmd_t pte) { return pmd_flags(pte) & _PAGE_PSE; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* NOTE: when predicate huge page, consider also pmd_devmap, or use pmd_large */ static inline int pmd_trans_huge(pmd_t pmd) { return (pmd_val(pmd) & (_PAGE_PSE|_PAGE_DEVMAP)) == _PAGE_PSE; } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD static inline int pud_trans_huge(pud_t pud) { return (pud_val(pud) & (_PAGE_PSE|_PAGE_DEVMAP)) == _PAGE_PSE; } #endif #define has_transparent_hugepage has_transparent_hugepage static inline int has_transparent_hugepage(void) { return boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PSE); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pmd_devmap(pmd_t pmd) { return !!(pmd_val(pmd) & _PAGE_DEVMAP); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD static inline int pud_devmap(pud_t pud) { return !!(pud_val(pud) & _PAGE_DEVMAP); } #else static inline int pud_devmap(pud_t pud) { return 0; } #endif static inline int pgd_devmap(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ static inline pte_t pte_set_flags(pte_t pte, pteval_t set) { pteval_t v = native_pte_val(pte); return native_make_pte(v | set); } static inline pte_t pte_clear_flags(pte_t pte, pteval_t clear) { pteval_t v = native_pte_val(pte); return native_make_pte(v & ~clear); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP static inline int pte_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_UFFD_WP; } static inline pte_t pte_mkuffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } static inline pte_t pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP */ static inline pte_t pte_mkclean(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_DIRTY); } static inline pte_t pte_mkold(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pte_t pte_wrprotect(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pte_t pte_mkexec(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_NX); } static inline pte_t pte_mkdirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pte_t pte_mkyoung(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pte_t pte_mkwrite(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pte_t pte_mkhuge(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pte_t pte_clrhuge(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pte_t pte_mkglobal(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_GLOBAL); } static inline pte_t pte_clrglobal(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_GLOBAL); } static inline pte_t pte_mkspecial(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SPECIAL); } static inline pte_t pte_mkdevmap(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SPECIAL|_PAGE_DEVMAP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_set_flags(pmd_t pmd, pmdval_t set) { pmdval_t v = native_pmd_val(pmd); return native_make_pmd(v | set); } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_flags(pmd_t pmd, pmdval_t clear) { pmdval_t v = native_pmd_val(pmd); return native_make_pmd(v & ~clear); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP static inline int pmd_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_UFFD_WP; } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkuffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP */ static inline pmd_t pmd_mkold(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkclean(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_wrprotect(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkdirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkdevmap(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_DEVMAP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkhuge(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkyoung(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkwrite(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pud_t pud_set_flags(pud_t pud, pudval_t set) { pudval_t v = native_pud_val(pud); return native_make_pud(v | set); } static inline pud_t pud_clear_flags(pud_t pud, pudval_t clear) { pudval_t v = native_pud_val(pud); return native_make_pud(v & ~clear); } static inline pud_t pud_mkold(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pud_t pud_mkclean(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_wrprotect(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pud_t pud_mkdirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_mkdevmap(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_DEVMAP); } static inline pud_t pud_mkhuge(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pud_t pud_mkyoung(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pud_t pud_mkwrite(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_RW); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY static inline int pte_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline int pmd_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline int pud_soft_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline pte_t pte_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_mksoft_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pte_t pte_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_clear_soft_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY */ /* * Mask out unsupported bits in a present pgprot. Non-present pgprots * can use those bits for other purposes, so leave them be. */ static inline pgprotval_t massage_pgprot(pgprot_t pgprot) { pgprotval_t protval = pgprot_val(pgprot); if (protval & _PAGE_PRESENT) protval &= __supported_pte_mask; return protval; } static inline pgprotval_t check_pgprot(pgprot_t pgprot) { pgprotval_t massaged_val = massage_pgprot(pgprot); /* mmdebug.h can not be included here because of dependencies */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM WARN_ONCE(pgprot_val(pgprot) != massaged_val, "attempted to set unsupported pgprot: %016llx " "bits: %016llx supported: %016llx\n", (u64)pgprot_val(pgprot), (u64)pgprot_val(pgprot) ^ massaged_val, (u64)__supported_pte_mask); #endif return massaged_val; } static inline pte_t pfn_pte(unsigned long page_nr, pgprot_t pgprot) { phys_addr_t pfn = (phys_addr_t)page_nr << PAGE_SHIFT; pfn ^= protnone_mask(pgprot_val(pgprot)); pfn &= PTE_PFN_MASK; return __pte(pfn | check_pgprot(pgprot)); } static inline pmd_t pfn_pmd(unsigned long page_nr, pgprot_t pgprot) { phys_addr_t pfn = (phys_addr_t)page_nr << PAGE_SHIFT; pfn ^= protnone_mask(pgprot_val(pgprot)); pfn &= PHYSICAL_PMD_PAGE_MASK; return __pmd(pfn | check_pgprot(pgprot)); } static inline pud_t pfn_pud(unsigned long page_nr, pgprot_t pgprot) { phys_addr_t pfn = (phys_addr_t)page_nr << PAGE_SHIFT; pfn ^= protnone_mask(pgprot_val(pgprot)); pfn &= PHYSICAL_PUD_PAGE_MASK; return __pud(pfn | check_pgprot(pgprot)); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkinvalid(pmd_t pmd) { return pfn_pmd(pmd_pfn(pmd), __pgprot(pmd_flags(pmd) & ~(_PAGE_PRESENT|_PAGE_PROTNONE))); } static inline u64 flip_protnone_guard(u64 oldval, u64 val, u64 mask); static inline pte_t pte_modify(pte_t pte, pgprot_t newprot) { pteval_t val = pte_val(pte), oldval = val; /* * Chop off the NX bit (if present), and add the NX portion of * the newprot (if present): */ val &= _PAGE_CHG_MASK; val |= check_pgprot(newprot) & ~_PAGE_CHG_MASK; val = flip_protnone_guard(oldval, val, PTE_PFN_MASK); return __pte(val); } static inline pmd_t pmd_modify(pmd_t pmd, pgprot_t newprot) { pmdval_t val = pmd_val(pmd), oldval = val; val &= _HPAGE_CHG_MASK; val |= check_pgprot(newprot) & ~_HPAGE_CHG_MASK; val = flip_protnone_guard(oldval, val, PHYSICAL_PMD_PAGE_MASK); return __pmd(val); } /* * mprotect needs to preserve PAT and encryption bits when updating * vm_page_prot */ #define pgprot_modify pgprot_modify static inline pgprot_t pgprot_modify(pgprot_t oldprot, pgprot_t newprot) { pgprotval_t preservebits = pgprot_val(oldprot) & _PAGE_CHG_MASK; pgprotval_t addbits = pgprot_val(newprot) & ~_PAGE_CHG_MASK; return __pgprot(preservebits | addbits); } #define pte_pgprot(x) __pgprot(pte_flags(x)) #define pmd_pgprot(x) __pgprot(pmd_flags(x)) #define pud_pgprot(x) __pgprot(pud_flags(x)) #define p4d_pgprot(x) __pgprot(p4d_flags(x)) #define canon_pgprot(p) __pgprot(massage_pgprot(p)) static inline pgprot_t arch_filter_pgprot(pgprot_t prot) { return canon_pgprot(prot); } static inline int is_new_memtype_allowed(u64 paddr, unsigned long size, enum page_cache_mode pcm, enum page_cache_mode new_pcm) { /* * PAT type is always WB for untracked ranges, so no need to check. */ if (x86_platform.is_untracked_pat_range(paddr, paddr + size)) return 1; /* * Certain new memtypes are not allowed with certain * requested memtype: * - request is uncached, return cannot be write-back * - request is write-combine, return cannot be write-back * - request is write-through, return cannot be write-back * - request is write-through, return cannot be write-combine */ if ((pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB) || (pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB) || (pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB) || (pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC)) { return 0; } return 1; } pmd_t *populate_extra_pmd(unsigned long vaddr); pte_t *populate_extra_pte(unsigned long vaddr); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION pgd_t __pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd); /* * Take a PGD location (pgdp) and a pgd value that needs to be set there. * Populates the user and returns the resulting PGD that must be set in * the kernel copy of the page tables. */ static inline pgd_t pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PTI)) return pgd; return __pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgdp, pgd); } #else /* CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION */ static inline pgd_t pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { return pgd; } #endif /* CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # include <asm/pgtable_32.h> #else # include <asm/pgtable_64.h> #endif #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <asm/fixmap.h> static inline int pte_none(pte_t pte) { return !(pte.pte & ~(_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK)); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME static inline int pte_same(pte_t a, pte_t b) { return a.pte == b.pte; } static inline int pte_present(pte_t a) { return pte_flags(a) & (_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_PROTNONE); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pte_devmap(pte_t a) { return (pte_flags(a) & _PAGE_DEVMAP) == _PAGE_DEVMAP; } #endif #define pte_accessible pte_accessible static inline bool pte_accessible(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t a) { if (pte_flags(a) & _PAGE_PRESENT) return true; if ((pte_flags(a) & _PAGE_PROTNONE) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(mm)) return true; return false; } static inline int pmd_present(pmd_t pmd) { /* * Checking for _PAGE_PSE is needed too because * split_huge_page will temporarily clear the present bit (but * the _PAGE_PSE flag will remain set at all times while the * _PAGE_PRESENT bit is clear). */ return pmd_flags(pmd) & (_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_PSE); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * These work without NUMA balancing but the kernel does not care. See the * comment in include/linux/pgtable.h */ static inline int pte_protnone(pte_t pte) { return (pte_flags(pte) & (_PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_PRESENT)) == _PAGE_PROTNONE; } static inline int pmd_protnone(pmd_t pmd) { return (pmd_flags(pmd) & (_PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_PRESENT)) == _PAGE_PROTNONE; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static inline int pmd_none(pmd_t pmd) { /* Only check low word on 32-bit platforms, since it might be out of sync with upper half. */ unsigned long val = native_pmd_val(pmd); return (val & ~_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK) == 0; } static inline unsigned long pmd_page_vaddr(pmd_t pmd) { return (unsigned long)__va(pmd_val(pmd) & pmd_pfn_mask(pmd)); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define pmd_page(pmd) pfn_to_page(pmd_pfn(pmd)) /* * Conversion functions: convert a page and protection to a page entry, * and a page entry and page directory to the page they refer to. * * (Currently stuck as a macro because of indirect forward reference * to linux/mm.h:page_to_nid()) */ #define mk_pte(page, pgprot) pfn_pte(page_to_pfn(page), (pgprot)) static inline int pmd_bad(pmd_t pmd) { return (pmd_flags(pmd) & ~_PAGE_USER) != _KERNPG_TABLE; } static inline unsigned long pages_to_mb(unsigned long npg) { return npg >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 static inline int pud_none(pud_t pud) { return (native_pud_val(pud) & ~(_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK)) == 0; } static inline int pud_present(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_PRESENT; } static inline unsigned long pud_page_vaddr(pud_t pud) { return (unsigned long)__va(pud_val(pud) & pud_pfn_mask(pud)); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define pud_page(pud) pfn_to_page(pud_pfn(pud)) #define pud_leaf pud_large static inline int pud_large(pud_t pud) { return (pud_val(pud) & (_PAGE_PSE | _PAGE_PRESENT)) == (_PAGE_PSE | _PAGE_PRESENT); } static inline int pud_bad(pud_t pud) { return (pud_flags(pud) & ~(_KERNPG_TABLE | _PAGE_USER)) != 0; } #else #define pud_leaf pud_large static inline int pud_large(pud_t pud) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 */ #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 static inline int p4d_none(p4d_t p4d) { return (native_p4d_val(p4d) & ~(_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK)) == 0; } static inline int p4d_present(p4d_t p4d) { return p4d_flags(p4d) & _PAGE_PRESENT; } static inline unsigned long p4d_page_vaddr(p4d_t p4d) { return (unsigned long)__va(p4d_val(p4d) & p4d_pfn_mask(p4d)); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define p4d_page(p4d) pfn_to_page(p4d_pfn(p4d)) static inline int p4d_bad(p4d_t p4d) { unsigned long ignore_flags = _KERNPG_TABLE | _PAGE_USER; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION)) ignore_flags |= _PAGE_NX; return (p4d_flags(p4d) & ~ignore_flags) != 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 */ static inline unsigned long p4d_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> P4D_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_P4D - 1); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 static inline int pgd_present(pgd_t pgd) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return 1; return pgd_flags(pgd) & _PAGE_PRESENT; } static inline unsigned long pgd_page_vaddr(pgd_t pgd) { return (unsigned long)__va((unsigned long)pgd_val(pgd) & PTE_PFN_MASK); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define pgd_page(pgd) pfn_to_page(pgd_pfn(pgd)) /* to find an entry in a page-table-directory. */ static inline p4d_t *p4d_offset(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return (p4d_t *)pgd; return (p4d_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd) + p4d_index(address); } static inline int pgd_bad(pgd_t pgd) { unsigned long ignore_flags = _PAGE_USER; if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return 0; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION)) ignore_flags |= _PAGE_NX; return (pgd_flags(pgd) & ~ignore_flags) != _KERNPG_TABLE; } static inline int pgd_none(pgd_t pgd) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return 0; /* * There is no need to do a workaround for the KNL stray * A/D bit erratum here. PGDs only point to page tables * except on 32-bit non-PAE which is not supported on * KNL. */ return !native_pgd_val(pgd); } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #define KERNEL_PGD_BOUNDARY pgd_index(PAGE_OFFSET) #define KERNEL_PGD_PTRS (PTRS_PER_PGD - KERNEL_PGD_BOUNDARY) #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ extern int direct_gbpages; void init_mem_mapping(void); void early_alloc_pgt_buf(void); extern void memblock_find_dma_reserve(void); void __init poking_init(void); unsigned long init_memory_mapping(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 extern pgd_t trampoline_pgd_entry; #endif /* local pte updates need not use xchg for locking */ static inline pte_t native_local_ptep_get_and_clear(pte_t *ptep) { pte_t res = *ptep; /* Pure native function needs no input for mm, addr */ native_pte_clear(NULL, 0, ptep); return res; } static inline pmd_t native_local_pmdp_get_and_clear(pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t res = *pmdp; native_pmd_clear(pmdp); return res; } static inline pud_t native_local_pudp_get_and_clear(pud_t *pudp) { pud_t res = *pudp; native_pud_clear(pudp); return res; } static inline void set_pte_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { set_pte(ptep, pte); } static inline void set_pmd_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { set_pmd(pmdp, pmd); } static inline void set_pud_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pudp, pud_t pud) { native_set_pud(pudp, pud); } /* * We only update the dirty/accessed state if we set * the dirty bit by hand in the kernel, since the hardware * will do the accessed bit for us, and we don't want to * race with other CPU's that might be updating the dirty * bit at the same time. */ struct vm_area_struct; #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS extern int ptep_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, pte_t entry, int dirty); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG extern int ptep_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH extern int ptep_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t pte = native_ptep_get_and_clear(ptep); return pte; } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, int full) { pte_t pte; if (full) { /* * Full address destruction in progress; paravirt does not * care about updates and native needs no locking */ pte = native_local_ptep_get_and_clear(ptep); } else { pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, addr, ptep); } return pte; } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_WRPROTECT static inline void ptep_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { clear_bit(_PAGE_BIT_RW, (unsigned long *)&ptep->pte); } #define flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vma, address) do { } while (0) #define mk_pmd(page, pgprot) pfn_pmd(page_to_pfn(page), (pgprot)) #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS extern int pmdp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t entry, int dirty); extern int pudp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, pud_t entry, int dirty); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG extern int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp); extern int pudp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pudp); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH extern int pmdp_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #define pmd_write pmd_write static inline int pmd_write(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_RW; } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pmd_t pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp) { return native_pmdp_get_and_clear(pmdp); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pud_t pudp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pudp) { return native_pudp_get_and_clear(pudp); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_WRPROTECT static inline void pmdp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp) { clear_bit(_PAGE_BIT_RW, (unsigned long *)pmdp); } #define pud_write pud_write static inline int pud_write(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_RW; } #ifndef pmdp_establish #define pmdp_establish pmdp_establish static inline pmd_t pmdp_establish(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMP)) { return xchg(pmdp, pmd); } else { pmd_t old = *pmdp; WRITE_ONCE(*pmdp, pmd); return old; } } #endif /* * Page table pages are page-aligned. The lower half of the top * level is used for userspace and the top half for the kernel. * * Returns true for parts of the PGD that map userspace and * false for the parts that map the kernel. */ static inline bool pgdp_maps_userspace(void *__ptr) { unsigned long ptr = (unsigned long)__ptr; return (((ptr & ~PAGE_MASK) / sizeof(pgd_t)) < PGD_KERNEL_START); } #define pgd_leaf pgd_large static inline int pgd_large(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION /* * All top-level PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION page tables are order-1 pages * (8k-aligned and 8k in size). The kernel one is at the beginning 4k and * the user one is in the last 4k. To switch between them, you * just need to flip the 12th bit in their addresses. */ #define PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT PAGE_SHIFT /* * This generates better code than the inline assembly in * __set_bit(). */ static inline void *ptr_set_bit(void *ptr, int bit) { unsigned long __ptr = (unsigned long)ptr; __ptr |= BIT(bit); return (void *)__ptr; } static inline void *ptr_clear_bit(void *ptr, int bit) { unsigned long __ptr = (unsigned long)ptr; __ptr &= ~BIT(bit); return (void *)__ptr; } static inline pgd_t *kernel_to_user_pgdp(pgd_t *pgdp) { return ptr_set_bit(pgdp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } static inline pgd_t *user_to_kernel_pgdp(pgd_t *pgdp) { return ptr_clear_bit(pgdp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } static inline p4d_t *kernel_to_user_p4dp(p4d_t *p4dp) { return ptr_set_bit(p4dp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } static inline p4d_t *user_to_kernel_p4dp(p4d_t *p4dp) { return ptr_clear_bit(p4dp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } #endif /* CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION */ /* * clone_pgd_range(pgd_t *dst, pgd_t *src, int count); * * dst - pointer to pgd range anwhere on a pgd page * src - "" * count - the number of pgds to copy. * * dst and src can be on the same page, but the range must not overlap, * and must not cross a page boundary. */ static inline void clone_pgd_range(pgd_t *dst, pgd_t *src, int count) { memcpy(dst, src, count * sizeof(pgd_t)); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PTI)) return; /* Clone the user space pgd as well */ memcpy(kernel_to_user_pgdp(dst), kernel_to_user_pgdp(src), count * sizeof(pgd_t)); #endif } #define PTE_SHIFT ilog2(PTRS_PER_PTE) static inline int page_level_shift(enum pg_level level) { return (PAGE_SHIFT - PTE_SHIFT) + level * PTE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long page_level_size(enum pg_level level) { return 1UL << page_level_shift(level); } static inline unsigned long page_level_mask(enum pg_level level) { return ~(page_level_size(level) - 1); } /* * The x86 doesn't have any external MMU info: the kernel page * tables contain all the necessary information. */ static inline void update_mmu_cache(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { } static inline void update_mmu_cache_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd) { } static inline void update_mmu_cache_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud) { } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY static inline pte_t pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline int pte_swp_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline int pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP static inline pte_t pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } static inline int pte_swp_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mkuffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } static inline int pmd_swp_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP */ #define PKRU_AD_BIT 0x1u #define PKRU_WD_BIT 0x2u #define PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY 2 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS extern u32 init_pkru_value; #else #define init_pkru_value 0 #endif static inline bool __pkru_allows_read(u32 pkru, u16 pkey) { int pkru_pkey_bits = pkey * PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY; return !(pkru & (PKRU_AD_BIT << pkru_pkey_bits)); } static inline bool __pkru_allows_write(u32 pkru, u16 pkey) { int pkru_pkey_bits = pkey * PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY; /* * Access-disable disables writes too so we need to check * both bits here. */ return !(pkru & ((PKRU_AD_BIT|PKRU_WD_BIT) << pkru_pkey_bits)); } static inline u16 pte_flags_pkey(unsigned long pte_flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS /* ifdef to avoid doing 59-bit shift on 32-bit values */ return (pte_flags & _PAGE_PKEY_MASK) >> _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT0; #else return 0; #endif } static inline bool __pkru_allows_pkey(u16 pkey, bool write) { u32 pkru = read_pkru(); if (!__pkru_allows_read(pkru, pkey)) return false; if (write && !__pkru_allows_write(pkru, pkey)) return false; return true; } /* * 'pteval' can come from a PTE, PMD or PUD. We only check * _PAGE_PRESENT, _PAGE_USER, and _PAGE_RW in here which are the * same value on all 3 types. */ static inline bool __pte_access_permitted(unsigned long pteval, bool write) { unsigned long need_pte_bits = _PAGE_PRESENT|_PAGE_USER; if (write) need_pte_bits |= _PAGE_RW; if ((pteval & need_pte_bits) != need_pte_bits) return 0; return __pkru_allows_pkey(pte_flags_pkey(pteval), write); } #define pte_access_permitted pte_access_permitted static inline bool pte_access_permitted(pte_t pte, bool write) { return __pte_access_permitted(pte_val(pte), write); } #define pmd_access_permitted pmd_access_permitted static inline bool pmd_access_permitted(pmd_t pmd, bool write) { return __pte_access_permitted(pmd_val(pmd), write); } #define pud_access_permitted pud_access_permitted static inline bool pud_access_permitted(pud_t pud, bool write) { return __pte_access_permitted(pud_val(pud), write); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED 1 extern bool pfn_modify_allowed(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot); static inline bool arch_has_pfn_modify_check(void) { return boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_L1TF); } #define arch_faults_on_old_pte arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { return false; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * ALSA sequencer Timer * Copyright (c) 1998-1999 by Frank van de Pol <fvdpol@coil.demon.nl> */ #ifndef __SND_SEQ_TIMER_H #define __SND_SEQ_TIMER_H #include <sound/timer.h> #include <sound/seq_kernel.h> struct snd_seq_timer_tick { snd_seq_tick_time_t cur_tick; /* current tick */ unsigned long resolution; /* time per tick in nsec */ unsigned long fraction; /* current time per tick in nsec */ }; struct snd_seq_timer { /* ... tempo / offset / running state */ unsigned int running:1, /* running state of queue */ initialized:1; /* timer is initialized */ unsigned int tempo; /* current tempo, us/tick */ int ppq; /* time resolution, ticks/quarter */ snd_seq_real_time_t cur_time; /* current time */ struct snd_seq_timer_tick tick; /* current tick */ int tick_updated; int type; /* timer type */ struct snd_timer_id alsa_id; /* ALSA's timer ID */ struct snd_timer_instance *timeri; /* timer instance */ unsigned int ticks; unsigned long preferred_resolution; /* timer resolution, ticks/sec */ unsigned int skew; unsigned int skew_base; struct timespec64 last_update; /* time of last clock update, used for interpolation */ spinlock_t lock; }; /* create new timer (constructor) */ struct snd_seq_timer *snd_seq_timer_new(void); /* delete timer (destructor) */ void snd_seq_timer_delete(struct snd_seq_timer **tmr); /* */ static inline void snd_seq_timer_update_tick(struct snd_seq_timer_tick *tick, unsigned long resolution) { if (tick->resolution > 0) { tick->fraction += resolution; tick->cur_tick += (unsigned int)(tick->fraction / tick->resolution); tick->fraction %= tick->resolution; } } /* compare timestamp between events */ /* return 1 if a >= b; otherwise return 0 */ static inline int snd_seq_compare_tick_time(snd_seq_tick_time_t *a, snd_seq_tick_time_t *b) { /* compare ticks */ return (*a >= *b); } static inline int snd_seq_compare_real_time(snd_seq_real_time_t *a, snd_seq_real_time_t *b) { /* compare real time */ if (a->tv_sec > b->tv_sec) return 1; if ((a->tv_sec == b->tv_sec) && (a->tv_nsec >= b->tv_nsec)) return 1; return 0; } static inline void snd_seq_sanity_real_time(snd_seq_real_time_t *tm) { while (tm->tv_nsec >= 1000000000) { /* roll-over */ tm->tv_nsec -= 1000000000; tm->tv_sec++; } } /* increment timestamp */ static inline void snd_seq_inc_real_time(snd_seq_real_time_t *tm, snd_seq_real_time_t *inc) { tm->tv_sec += inc->tv_sec; tm->tv_nsec += inc->tv_nsec; snd_seq_sanity_real_time(tm); } static inline void snd_seq_inc_time_nsec(snd_seq_real_time_t *tm, unsigned long nsec) { tm->tv_nsec += nsec; snd_seq_sanity_real_time(tm); } /* called by timer isr */ struct snd_seq_queue; int snd_seq_timer_open(struct snd_seq_queue *q); int snd_seq_timer_close(struct snd_seq_queue *q); int snd_seq_timer_midi_open(struct snd_seq_queue *q); int snd_seq_timer_midi_close(struct snd_seq_queue *q); void snd_seq_timer_defaults(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); void snd_seq_timer_reset(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); int snd_seq_timer_stop(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); int snd_seq_timer_start(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); int snd_seq_timer_continue(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); int snd_seq_timer_set_tempo(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, int tempo); int snd_seq_timer_set_tempo_ppq(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, int tempo, int ppq); int snd_seq_timer_set_position_tick(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, snd_seq_tick_time_t position); int snd_seq_timer_set_position_time(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, snd_seq_real_time_t position); int snd_seq_timer_set_skew(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, unsigned int skew, unsigned int base); snd_seq_real_time_t snd_seq_timer_get_cur_time(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr, bool adjust_ktime); snd_seq_tick_time_t snd_seq_timer_get_cur_tick(struct snd_seq_timer *tmr); extern int seq_default_timer_class; extern int seq_default_timer_sclass; extern int seq_default_timer_card; extern int seq_default_timer_device; extern int seq_default_timer_subdevice; extern int seq_default_timer_resolution; #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* Red Black Trees (C) 1999 Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de> linux/include/linux/rbtree.h To use rbtrees you'll have to implement your own insert and search cores. This will avoid us to use callbacks and to drop drammatically performances. I know it's not the cleaner way, but in C (not in C++) to get performances and genericity... See Documentation/core-api/rbtree.rst for documentation and samples. */ #ifndef _LINUX_RBTREE_H #define _LINUX_RBTREE_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> struct rb_node { unsigned long __rb_parent_color; struct rb_node *rb_right; struct rb_node *rb_left; } __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long)))); /* The alignment might seem pointless, but allegedly CRIS needs it */ struct rb_root { struct rb_node *rb_node; }; #define rb_parent(r) ((struct rb_node *)((r)->__rb_parent_color & ~3)) #define RB_ROOT (struct rb_root) { NULL, } #define rb_entry(ptr, type, member) container_of(ptr, type, member) #define RB_EMPTY_ROOT(root) (READ_ONCE((root)->rb_node) == NULL) /* 'empty' nodes are nodes that are known not to be inserted in an rbtree */ #define RB_EMPTY_NODE(node) \ ((node)->__rb_parent_color == (unsigned long)(node)) #define RB_CLEAR_NODE(node) \ ((node)->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)(node)) extern void rb_insert_color(struct rb_node *, struct rb_root *); extern void rb_erase(struct rb_node *, struct rb_root *); /* Find logical next and previous nodes in a tree */ extern struct rb_node *rb_next(const struct rb_node *); extern struct rb_node *rb_prev(const struct rb_node *); extern struct rb_node *rb_first(const struct rb_root *); extern struct rb_node *rb_last(const struct rb_root *); /* Postorder iteration - always visit the parent after its children */ extern struct rb_node *rb_first_postorder(const struct rb_root *); extern struct rb_node *rb_next_postorder(const struct rb_node *); /* Fast replacement of a single node without remove/rebalance/add/rebalance */ extern void rb_replace_node(struct rb_node *victim, struct rb_node *new, struct rb_root *root); extern void rb_replace_node_rcu(struct rb_node *victim, struct rb_node *new, struct rb_root *root); static inline void rb_link_node(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **rb_link) { node->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)parent; node->rb_left = node->rb_right = NULL; *rb_link = node; } static inline void rb_link_node_rcu(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_node *parent, struct rb_node **rb_link) { node->__rb_parent_color = (unsigned long)parent; node->rb_left = node->rb_right = NULL; rcu_assign_pointer(*rb_link, node); } #define rb_entry_safe(ptr, type, member) \ ({ typeof(ptr) ____ptr = (ptr); \ ____ptr ? rb_entry(____ptr, type, member) : NULL; \ }) /** * rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe - iterate in post-order over rb_root of * given type allowing the backing memory of @pos to be invalidated * * @pos: the 'type *' to use as a loop cursor. * @n: another 'type *' to use as temporary storage * @root: 'rb_root *' of the rbtree. * @field: the name of the rb_node field within 'type'. * * rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe() provides a similar guarantee as * list_for_each_entry_safe() and allows the iteration to continue independent * of changes to @pos by the body of the loop. * * Note, however, that it cannot handle other modifications that re-order the * rbtree it is iterating over. This includes calling rb_erase() on @pos, as * rb_erase() may rebalance the tree, causing us to miss some nodes. */ #define rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, root, field) \ for (pos = rb_entry_safe(rb_first_postorder(root), typeof(*pos), field); \ pos && ({ n = rb_entry_safe(rb_next_postorder(&pos->field), \ typeof(*pos), field); 1; }); \ pos = n) /* * Leftmost-cached rbtrees. * * We do not cache the rightmost node based on footprint * size vs number of potential users that could benefit * from O(1) rb_last(). Just not worth it, users that want * this feature can always implement the logic explicitly. * Furthermore, users that want to cache both pointers may * find it a bit asymmetric, but that's ok. */ struct rb_root_cached { struct rb_root rb_root; struct rb_node *rb_leftmost; }; #define RB_ROOT_CACHED (struct rb_root_cached) { {NULL, }, NULL } /* Same as rb_first(), but O(1) */ #define rb_first_cached(root) (root)->rb_leftmost static inline void rb_insert_color_cached(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_root_cached *root, bool leftmost) { if (leftmost) root->rb_leftmost = node; rb_insert_color(node, &root->rb_root); } static inline void rb_erase_cached(struct rb_node *node, struct rb_root_cached *root) { if (root->rb_leftmost == node) root->rb_leftmost = rb_next(node); rb_erase(node, &root->rb_root); } static inline void rb_replace_node_cached(struct rb_node *victim, struct rb_node *new, struct rb_root_cached *root) { if (root->rb_leftmost == victim) root->rb_leftmost = new; rb_replace_node(victim, new, &root->rb_root); } #endif /* _LINUX_RBTREE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * NFS internal definitions */ #include "nfs4_fs.h" #include <linux/fs_context.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/crc32.h> #include <linux/sunrpc/addr.h> #include <linux/nfs_page.h> #include <linux/wait_bit.h> #define NFS_SB_MASK (SB_RDONLY|SB_NOSUID|SB_NODEV|SB_NOEXEC|SB_SYNCHRONOUS) extern const struct export_operations nfs_export_ops; struct nfs_string; struct nfs_pageio_descriptor; static inline void nfs_attr_check_mountpoint(struct super_block *parent, struct nfs_fattr *fattr) { if (!nfs_fsid_equal(&NFS_SB(parent)->fsid, &fattr->fsid)) fattr->valid |= NFS_ATTR_FATTR_MOUNTPOINT; } static inline int nfs_attr_use_mounted_on_fileid(struct nfs_fattr *fattr) { if (((fattr->valid & NFS_ATTR_FATTR_MOUNTED_ON_FILEID) == 0) || (((fattr->valid & NFS_ATTR_FATTR_MOUNTPOINT) == 0) && ((fattr->valid & NFS_ATTR_FATTR_V4_REFERRAL) == 0))) return 0; return 1; } static inline bool nfs_lookup_is_soft_revalidate(const struct dentry *dentry) { if (!(NFS_SB(dentry->d_sb)->flags & NFS_MOUNT_SOFTREVAL)) return false; if (!d_is_positive(dentry) || !NFS_FH(d_inode(dentry))->size) return false; return true; } /* * Note: RFC 1813 doesn't limit the number of auth flavors that * a server can return, so make something up. */ #define NFS_MAX_SECFLAVORS (12) /* * Value used if the user did not specify a port value. */ #define NFS_UNSPEC_PORT (-1) #define NFS_UNSPEC_RETRANS (UINT_MAX) #define NFS_UNSPEC_TIMEO (UINT_MAX) /* * Maximum number of pages that readdir can use for creating * a vmapped array of pages. */ #define NFS_MAX_READDIR_PAGES 8 struct nfs_client_initdata { unsigned long init_flags; const char *hostname; /* Hostname of the server */ const struct sockaddr *addr; /* Address of the server */ const char *nodename; /* Hostname of the client */ const char *ip_addr; /* IP address of the client */ size_t addrlen; struct nfs_subversion *nfs_mod; int proto; u32 minorversion; unsigned int nconnect; struct net *net; const struct rpc_timeout *timeparms; const struct cred *cred; }; /* * In-kernel mount arguments */ struct nfs_fs_context { bool internal; bool skip_reconfig_option_check; bool need_mount; bool sloppy; unsigned int flags; /* NFS{,4}_MOUNT_* flags */ unsigned int rsize, wsize; unsigned int timeo, retrans; unsigned int acregmin, acregmax; unsigned int acdirmin, acdirmax; unsigned int namlen; unsigned int options; unsigned int bsize; struct nfs_auth_info auth_info; rpc_authflavor_t selected_flavor; char *client_address; unsigned int version; unsigned int minorversion; char *fscache_uniq; unsigned short protofamily; unsigned short mountfamily; struct { union { struct sockaddr address; struct sockaddr_storage _address; }; size_t addrlen; char *hostname; u32 version; int port; unsigned short protocol; } mount_server; struct { union { struct sockaddr address; struct sockaddr_storage _address; }; size_t addrlen; char *hostname; char *export_path; int port; unsigned short protocol; unsigned short nconnect; unsigned short export_path_len; } nfs_server; struct nfs_fh *mntfh; struct nfs_server *server; struct nfs_subversion *nfs_mod; /* Information for a cloned mount. */ struct nfs_clone_mount { struct super_block *sb; struct dentry *dentry; struct nfs_fattr *fattr; unsigned int inherited_bsize; } clone_data; }; #define nfs_errorf(fc, fmt, ...) ((fc)->log.log ? \ errorf(fc, fmt, ## __VA_ARGS__) : \ ({ dprintk(fmt "\n", ## __VA_ARGS__); })) #define nfs_ferrorf(fc, fac, fmt, ...) ((fc)->log.log ? \ errorf(fc, fmt, ## __VA_ARGS__) : \ ({ dfprintk(fac, fmt "\n", ## __VA_ARGS__); })) #define nfs_invalf(fc, fmt, ...) ((fc)->log.log ? \ invalf(fc, fmt, ## __VA_ARGS__) : \ ({ dprintk(fmt "\n", ## __VA_ARGS__); -EINVAL; })) #define nfs_finvalf(fc, fac, fmt, ...) ((fc)->log.log ? \ invalf(fc, fmt, ## __VA_ARGS__) : \ ({ dfprintk(fac, fmt "\n", ## __VA_ARGS__); -EINVAL; })) #define nfs_warnf(fc, fmt, ...) ((fc)->log.log ? \ warnf(fc, fmt, ## __VA_ARGS__) : \ ({ dprintk(fmt "\n", ## __VA_ARGS__); })) #define nfs_fwarnf(fc, fac, fmt, ...) ((fc)->log.log ? \ warnf(fc, fmt, ## __VA_ARGS__) : \ ({ dfprintk(fac, fmt "\n", ## __VA_ARGS__); })) static inline struct nfs_fs_context *nfs_fc2context(const struct fs_context *fc) { return fc->fs_private; } /* mount_clnt.c */ struct nfs_mount_request { struct sockaddr *sap; size_t salen; char *hostname; char *dirpath; u32 version; unsigned short protocol; struct nfs_fh *fh; int noresvport; unsigned int *auth_flav_len; rpc_authflavor_t *auth_flavs; struct net *net; }; extern int nfs_mount(struct nfs_mount_request *info); extern void nfs_umount(const struct nfs_mount_request *info); /* client.c */ extern const struct rpc_program nfs_program; extern void nfs_clients_init(struct net *net); extern void nfs_clients_exit(struct net *net); extern struct nfs_client *nfs_alloc_client(const struct nfs_client_initdata *); int nfs_create_rpc_client(struct nfs_client *, const struct nfs_client_initdata *, rpc_authflavor_t); struct nfs_client *nfs_get_client(const struct nfs_client_initdata *); int nfs_probe_fsinfo(struct nfs_server *server, struct nfs_fh *, struct nfs_fattr *); void nfs_server_insert_lists(struct nfs_server *); void nfs_server_remove_lists(struct nfs_server *); void nfs_init_timeout_values(struct rpc_timeout *to, int proto, int timeo, int retrans); int nfs_init_server_rpcclient(struct nfs_server *, const struct rpc_timeout *t, rpc_authflavor_t); struct nfs_server *nfs_alloc_server(void); void nfs_server_copy_userdata(struct nfs_server *, struct nfs_server *); extern void nfs_put_client(struct nfs_client *); extern void nfs_free_client(struct nfs_client *); extern struct nfs_client *nfs4_find_client_ident(struct net *, int); extern struct nfs_client * nfs4_find_client_sessionid(struct net *, const struct sockaddr *, struct nfs4_sessionid *, u32); extern struct nfs_server *nfs_create_server(struct fs_context *); extern struct nfs_server *nfs4_create_server(struct fs_context *); extern struct nfs_server *nfs4_create_referral_server(struct fs_context *); extern int nfs4_update_server(struct nfs_server *server, const char *hostname, struct sockaddr *sap, size_t salen, struct net *net); extern void nfs_free_server(struct nfs_server *server); extern struct nfs_server *nfs_clone_server(struct nfs_server *, struct nfs_fh *, struct nfs_fattr *, rpc_authflavor_t); extern bool nfs_client_init_is_complete(const struct nfs_client *clp); extern int nfs_client_init_status(const struct nfs_client *clp); extern int nfs_wait_client_init_complete(const struct nfs_client *clp); extern void nfs_mark_client_ready(struct nfs_client *clp, int state); extern struct nfs_client *nfs4_set_ds_client(struct nfs_server *mds_srv, const struct sockaddr *ds_addr, int ds_addrlen, int ds_proto, unsigned int ds_timeo, unsigned int ds_retrans, u32 minor_version); extern struct rpc_clnt *nfs4_find_or_create_ds_client(struct nfs_client *, struct inode *); extern struct nfs_client *nfs3_set_ds_client(struct nfs_server *mds_srv, const struct sockaddr *ds_addr, int ds_addrlen, int ds_proto, unsigned int ds_timeo, unsigned int ds_retrans); #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS extern int __init nfs_fs_proc_init(void); extern void nfs_fs_proc_exit(void); extern int nfs_fs_proc_net_init(struct net *net); extern void nfs_fs_proc_net_exit(struct net *net); #else static inline int nfs_fs_proc_net_init(struct net *net) { return 0; } static inline void nfs_fs_proc_net_exit(struct net *net) { } static inline int nfs_fs_proc_init(void) { return 0; } static inline void nfs_fs_proc_exit(void) { } #endif /* callback_xdr.c */ extern const struct svc_version nfs4_callback_version1; extern const struct svc_version nfs4_callback_version4; /* fs_context.c */ extern struct file_system_type nfs_fs_type; /* pagelist.c */ extern int __init nfs_init_nfspagecache(void); extern void nfs_destroy_nfspagecache(void); extern int __init nfs_init_readpagecache(void); extern void nfs_destroy_readpagecache(void); extern int __init nfs_init_writepagecache(void); extern void nfs_destroy_writepagecache(void); extern int __init nfs_init_directcache(void); extern void nfs_destroy_directcache(void); extern void nfs_pgheader_init(struct nfs_pageio_descriptor *desc, struct nfs_pgio_header *hdr, void (*release)(struct nfs_pgio_header *hdr)); void nfs_set_pgio_error(struct nfs_pgio_header *hdr, int error, loff_t pos); int nfs_iocounter_wait(struct nfs_lock_context *l_ctx); extern const struct nfs_pageio_ops nfs_pgio_rw_ops; struct nfs_pgio_header *nfs_pgio_header_alloc(const struct nfs_rw_ops *); void nfs_pgio_header_free(struct nfs_pgio_header *); int nfs_generic_pgio(struct nfs_pageio_descriptor *, struct nfs_pgio_header *); int nfs_initiate_pgio(struct rpc_clnt *clnt, struct nfs_pgio_header *hdr, const struct cred *cred, const struct nfs_rpc_ops *rpc_ops, const struct rpc_call_ops *call_ops, int how, int flags); void nfs_free_request(struct nfs_page *req); struct nfs_pgio_mirror * nfs_pgio_current_mirror(struct nfs_pageio_descriptor *desc); static inline bool nfs_match_open_context(const struct nfs_open_context *ctx1, const struct nfs_open_context *ctx2) { return cred_fscmp(ctx1->cred, ctx2->cred) == 0 && ctx1->state == ctx2->state; } /* nfs2xdr.c */ extern const struct rpc_procinfo nfs_procedures[]; extern int nfs2_decode_dirent(struct xdr_stream *, struct nfs_entry *, bool); /* nfs3xdr.c */ extern const struct rpc_procinfo nfs3_procedures[]; extern int nfs3_decode_dirent(struct xdr_stream *, struct nfs_entry *, bool); /* nfs4xdr.c */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NFS_V4) extern int nfs4_decode_dirent(struct xdr_stream *, struct nfs_entry *, bool); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NFS_V4_1 extern const u32 nfs41_maxread_overhead; extern const u32 nfs41_maxwrite_overhead; extern const u32 nfs41_maxgetdevinfo_overhead; #endif /* nfs4proc.c */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NFS_V4) extern const struct rpc_procinfo nfs4_procedures[]; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NFS_V4_SECURITY_LABEL extern struct nfs4_label *nfs4_label_alloc(struct nfs_server *server, gfp_t flags); static inline struct nfs4_label * nfs4_label_copy(struct nfs4_label *dst, struct nfs4_label *src) { if (!dst || !src) return NULL; if (src->len > NFS4_MAXLABELLEN) return NULL; dst->lfs = src->lfs; dst->pi = src->pi; dst->len = src->len; memcpy(dst->label, src->label, src->len); return dst; } static inline void nfs4_label_free(struct nfs4_label *label) { if (label) { kfree(label->label); kfree(label); } return; } static inline void nfs_zap_label_cache_locked(struct nfs_inode *nfsi) { if (nfs_server_capable(&nfsi->vfs_inode, NFS_CAP_SECURITY_LABEL)) nfsi->cache_validity |= NFS_INO_INVALID_LABEL; } #else static inline struct nfs4_label *nfs4_label_alloc(struct nfs_server *server, gfp_t flags) { return NULL; } static inline void nfs4_label_free(void *label) {} static inline void nfs_zap_label_cache_locked(struct nfs_inode *nfsi) { } static inline struct nfs4_label * nfs4_label_copy(struct nfs4_label *dst, struct nfs4_label *src) { return NULL; } #endif /* CONFIG_NFS_V4_SECURITY_LABEL */ /* proc.c */ void nfs_close_context(struct nfs_open_context *ctx, int is_sync); extern struct nfs_client *nfs_init_client(struct nfs_client *clp, const struct nfs_client_initdata *); /* dir.c */ extern void nfs_advise_use_readdirplus(struct inode *dir); extern void nfs_force_use_readdirplus(struct inode *dir); extern unsigned long nfs_access_cache_count(struct shrinker *shrink, struct shrink_control *sc); extern unsigned long nfs_access_cache_scan(struct shrinker *shrink, struct shrink_control *sc); struct dentry *nfs_lookup(struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); int nfs_create(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t, bool); int nfs_mkdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t); int nfs_rmdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *); int nfs_unlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *); int nfs_symlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *, const char *); int nfs_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *); int nfs_mknod(struct inode *, struct dentry *, umode_t, dev_t); int nfs_rename(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int); /* file.c */ int nfs_file_fsync(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end, int datasync); loff_t nfs_file_llseek(struct file *, loff_t, int); ssize_t nfs_file_read(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); int nfs_file_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *); ssize_t nfs_file_write(struct kiocb *, struct iov_iter *); int nfs_file_release(struct inode *, struct file *); int nfs_lock(struct file *, int, struct file_lock *); int nfs_flock(struct file *, int, struct file_lock *); int nfs_check_flags(int); /* inode.c */ extern struct workqueue_struct *nfsiod_workqueue; extern struct inode *nfs_alloc_inode(struct super_block *sb); extern void nfs_free_inode(struct inode *); extern int nfs_write_inode(struct inode *, struct writeback_control *); extern int nfs_drop_inode(struct inode *); extern void nfs_clear_inode(struct inode *); extern void nfs_evict_inode(struct inode *); void nfs_zap_acl_cache(struct inode *inode); extern bool nfs_check_cache_invalid(struct inode *, unsigned long); extern int nfs_wait_bit_killable(struct wait_bit_key *key, int mode); extern int nfs_wait_atomic_killable(atomic_t *p, unsigned int mode); /* super.c */ extern const struct super_operations nfs_sops; bool nfs_auth_info_match(const struct nfs_auth_info *, rpc_authflavor_t); int nfs_try_get_tree(struct fs_context *); int nfs_get_tree_common(struct fs_context *); void nfs_kill_super(struct super_block *); extern struct rpc_stat nfs_rpcstat; extern int __init register_nfs_fs(void); extern void __exit unregister_nfs_fs(void); extern bool nfs_sb_active(struct super_block *sb); extern void nfs_sb_deactive(struct super_block *sb); extern int nfs_client_for_each_server(struct nfs_client *clp, int (*fn)(struct nfs_server *, void *), void *data); /* io.c */ extern void nfs_start_io_read(struct inode *inode); extern void nfs_end_io_read(struct inode *inode); extern void nfs_start_io_write(struct inode *inode); extern void nfs_end_io_write(struct inode *inode); extern void nfs_start_io_direct(struct inode *inode); extern void nfs_end_io_direct(struct inode *inode); static inline bool nfs_file_io_is_buffered(struct nfs_inode *nfsi) { return test_bit(NFS_INO_ODIRECT, &nfsi->flags) == 0; } /* namespace.c */ #define NFS_PATH_CANONICAL 1 extern char *nfs_path(char **p, struct dentry *dentry, char *buffer, ssize_t buflen, unsigned flags); extern struct vfsmount *nfs_d_automount(struct path *path); int nfs_submount(struct fs_context *, struct nfs_server *); int nfs_do_submount(struct fs_context *); /* getroot.c */ extern int nfs_get_root(struct super_block *s, struct fs_context *fc); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NFS_V4) extern int nfs4_get_rootfh(struct nfs_server *server, struct nfs_fh *mntfh, bool); #endif struct nfs_pgio_completion_ops; /* read.c */ extern void nfs_pageio_init_read(struct nfs_pageio_descriptor *pgio, struct inode *inode, bool force_mds, const struct nfs_pgio_completion_ops *compl_ops); extern void nfs_read_prepare(struct rpc_task *task, void *calldata); extern void nfs_pageio_reset_read_mds(struct nfs_pageio_descriptor *pgio); /* super.c */ void nfs_umount_begin(struct super_block *); int nfs_statfs(struct dentry *, struct kstatfs *); int nfs_show_options(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int nfs_show_devname(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int nfs_show_path(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int nfs_show_stats(struct seq_file *, struct dentry *); int nfs_reconfigure(struct fs_context *); /* write.c */ extern void nfs_pageio_init_write(struct nfs_pageio_descriptor *pgio, struct inode *inode, int ioflags, bool force_mds, const struct nfs_pgio_completion_ops *compl_ops); extern void nfs_pageio_reset_write_mds(struct nfs_pageio_descriptor *pgio); extern void nfs_commit_free(struct nfs_commit_data *p); extern void nfs_write_prepare(struct rpc_task *task, void *calldata); extern void nfs_commit_prepare(struct rpc_task *task, void *calldata); extern int nfs_initiate_commit(struct rpc_clnt *clnt, struct nfs_commit_data *data, const struct nfs_rpc_ops *nfs_ops, const struct rpc_call_ops *call_ops, int how, int flags); extern void nfs_init_commit(struct nfs_commit_data *data, struct list_head *head, struct pnfs_layout_segment *lseg, struct nfs_commit_info *cinfo); int nfs_scan_commit_list(struct list_head *src, struct list_head *dst, struct nfs_commit_info *cinfo, int max); unsigned long nfs_reqs_to_commit(struct nfs_commit_info *); int nfs_scan_commit(struct inode *inode, struct list_head *dst, struct nfs_commit_info *cinfo); void nfs_mark_request_commit(struct nfs_page *req, struct pnfs_layout_segment *lseg, struct nfs_commit_info *cinfo, u32 ds_commit_idx); int nfs_write_need_commit(struct nfs_pgio_header *); void nfs_writeback_update_inode(struct nfs_pgio_header *hdr); int nfs_generic_commit_list(struct inode *inode, struct list_head *head, int how, struct nfs_commit_info *cinfo); void nfs_retry_commit(struct list_head *page_list, struct pnfs_layout_segment *lseg, struct nfs_commit_info *cinfo, u32 ds_commit_idx); void nfs_commitdata_release(struct nfs_commit_data *data); void nfs_request_add_commit_list(struct nfs_page *req, struct nfs_commit_info *cinfo); void nfs_request_add_commit_list_locked(struct nfs_page *req, struct list_head *dst, struct nfs_commit_info *cinfo); void nfs_request_remove_commit_list(struct nfs_page *req, struct nfs_commit_info *cinfo); void nfs_init_cinfo(struct nfs_commit_info *cinfo, struct inode *inode, struct nfs_direct_req *dreq); int nfs_key_timeout_notify(struct file *filp, struct inode *inode); bool nfs_ctx_key_to_expire(struct nfs_open_context *ctx, struct inode *inode); void nfs_pageio_stop_mirroring(struct nfs_pageio_descriptor *pgio); int nfs_filemap_write_and_wait_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); #ifdef CONFIG_NFS_V4_1 static inline void pnfs_bucket_clear_pnfs_ds_commit_verifiers(struct pnfs_commit_bucket *buckets, unsigned int nbuckets) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < nbuckets; i++) buckets[i].direct_verf.committed = NFS_INVALID_STABLE_HOW; } static inline void nfs_clear_pnfs_ds_commit_verifiers(struct pnfs_ds_commit_info *cinfo) { struct pnfs_commit_array *array; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(array, &cinfo->commits, cinfo_list) pnfs_bucket_clear_pnfs_ds_commit_verifiers(array->buckets, array->nbuckets); rcu_read_unlock(); } #else static inline void nfs_clear_pnfs_ds_commit_verifiers(struct pnfs_ds_commit_info *cinfo) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION extern int nfs_migrate_page(struct address_space *, struct page *, struct page *, enum migrate_mode); #endif static inline int nfs_write_verifier_cmp(const struct nfs_write_verifier *v1, const struct nfs_write_verifier *v2) { return memcmp(v1->data, v2->data, sizeof(v1->data)); } static inline bool nfs_write_match_verf(const struct nfs_writeverf *verf, struct nfs_page *req) { return verf->committed > NFS_UNSTABLE && !nfs_write_verifier_cmp(&req->wb_verf, &verf->verifier); } /* unlink.c */ extern struct rpc_task * nfs_async_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry, struct dentry *new_dentry, void (*complete)(struct rpc_task *, struct nfs_renamedata *)); extern int nfs_sillyrename(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry); /* direct.c */ void nfs_init_cinfo_from_dreq(struct nfs_commit_info *cinfo, struct nfs_direct_req *dreq); extern ssize_t nfs_dreq_bytes_left(struct nfs_direct_req *dreq); /* nfs4proc.c */ extern struct nfs_client *nfs4_init_client(struct nfs_client *clp, const struct nfs_client_initdata *); extern int nfs40_walk_client_list(struct nfs_client *clp, struct nfs_client **result, const struct cred *cred); extern int nfs41_walk_client_list(struct nfs_client *clp, struct nfs_client **result, const struct cred *cred); extern void nfs4_test_session_trunk(struct rpc_clnt *clnt, struct rpc_xprt *xprt, void *data); static inline struct inode *nfs_igrab_and_active(struct inode *inode) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; if (sb && nfs_sb_active(sb)) { if (igrab(inode)) return inode; nfs_sb_deactive(sb); } return NULL; } static inline void nfs_iput_and_deactive(struct inode *inode) { if (inode != NULL) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; iput(inode); nfs_sb_deactive(sb); } } /* * Determine the device name as a string */ static inline char *nfs_devname(struct dentry *dentry, char *buffer, ssize_t buflen) { char *dummy; return nfs_path(&dummy, dentry, buffer, buflen, NFS_PATH_CANONICAL); } /* * Determine the actual block size (and log2 thereof) */ static inline unsigned long nfs_block_bits(unsigned long bsize, unsigned char *nrbitsp) { /* make sure blocksize is a power of two */ if ((bsize & (bsize - 1)) || nrbitsp) { unsigned char nrbits; for (nrbits = 31; nrbits && !(bsize & (1 << nrbits)); nrbits--) ; bsize = 1 << nrbits; if (nrbitsp) *nrbitsp = nrbits; } return bsize; } /* * Calculate the number of 512byte blocks used. */ static inline blkcnt_t nfs_calc_block_size(u64 tsize) { blkcnt_t used = (tsize + 511) >> 9; return (used > ULONG_MAX) ? ULONG_MAX : used; } /* * Compute and set NFS server blocksize */ static inline unsigned long nfs_block_size(unsigned long bsize, unsigned char *nrbitsp) { if (bsize < NFS_MIN_FILE_IO_SIZE) bsize = NFS_DEF_FILE_IO_SIZE; else if (bsize >= NFS_MAX_FILE_IO_SIZE) bsize = NFS_MAX_FILE_IO_SIZE; return nfs_block_bits(bsize, nrbitsp); } /* * Determine the maximum file size for a superblock */ static inline void nfs_super_set_maxbytes(struct super_block *sb, __u64 maxfilesize) { sb->s_maxbytes = (loff_t)maxfilesize; if (sb->s_maxbytes > MAX_LFS_FILESIZE || sb->s_maxbytes <= 0) sb->s_maxbytes = MAX_LFS_FILESIZE; } /* * Record the page as unstable (an extra writeback period) and mark its * inode as dirty. */ static inline void nfs_mark_page_unstable(struct page *page, struct nfs_commit_info *cinfo) { if (!cinfo->dreq) { struct inode *inode = page_file_mapping(page)->host; /* This page is really still in write-back - just that the * writeback is happening on the server now. */ inc_node_page_state(page, NR_WRITEBACK); inc_wb_stat(&inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb, WB_WRITEBACK); __mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY_DATASYNC); } } /* * Determine the number of bytes of data the page contains */ static inline unsigned int nfs_page_length(struct page *page) { loff_t i_size = i_size_read(page_file_mapping(page)->host); if (i_size > 0) { pgoff_t index = page_index(page); pgoff_t end_index = (i_size - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; if (index < end_index) return PAGE_SIZE; if (index == end_index) return ((i_size - 1) & ~PAGE_MASK) + 1; } return 0; } /* * Convert a umode to a dirent->d_type */ static inline unsigned char nfs_umode_to_dtype(umode_t mode) { return (mode >> 12) & 15; } /* * Determine the number of pages in an array of length 'len' and * with a base offset of 'base' */ static inline unsigned int nfs_page_array_len(unsigned int base, size_t len) { return ((unsigned long)len + (unsigned long)base + PAGE_SIZE - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } /* * Convert a struct timespec64 into a 64-bit change attribute * * This does approximately the same thing as timespec64_to_ns(), * but for calculation efficiency, we multiply the seconds by * 1024*1024*1024. */ static inline u64 nfs_timespec_to_change_attr(const struct timespec64 *ts) { return ((u64)ts->tv_sec << 30) + ts->tv_nsec; } #ifdef CONFIG_CRC32 /** * nfs_fhandle_hash - calculate the crc32 hash for the filehandle * @fh - pointer to filehandle * * returns a crc32 hash for the filehandle that is compatible with * the one displayed by "wireshark". */ static inline u32 nfs_fhandle_hash(const struct nfs_fh *fh) { return ~crc32_le(0xFFFFFFFF, &fh->data[0], fh->size); } static inline u32 nfs_stateid_hash(const nfs4_stateid *stateid) { return ~crc32_le(0xFFFFFFFF, &stateid->other[0], NFS4_STATEID_OTHER_SIZE); } #else static inline u32 nfs_fhandle_hash(const struct nfs_fh *fh) { return 0; } static inline u32 nfs_stateid_hash(nfs4_stateid *stateid) { return 0; } #endif static inline bool nfs_error_is_fatal(int err) { switch (err) { case -ERESTARTSYS: case -EINTR: case -EACCES: case -EDQUOT: case -EFBIG: case -EIO: case -ENOSPC: case -EROFS: case -ESTALE: case -E2BIG: case -ENOMEM: case -ETIMEDOUT: return true; default: return false; } } static inline bool nfs_error_is_fatal_on_server(int err) { switch (err) { case 0: case -ERESTARTSYS: case -EINTR: return false; } return nfs_error_is_fatal(err); } /* * Select between a default port value and a user-specified port value. * If a zero value is set, then autobind will be used. */ static inline void nfs_set_port(struct sockaddr *sap, int *port, const unsigned short default_port) { if (*port == NFS_UNSPEC_PORT) *port = default_port; rpc_set_port(sap, *port); }
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4216 4217 4218 4219 4220 4221 4222 4223 4224 4225 4226 4227 4228 4229 4230 4231 4232 4233 4234 4235 4236 4237 4238 4239 4240 4241 4242 4243 4244 4245 4246 4247 4248 4249 4250 4251 4252 4253 4254 4255 4256 4257 4258 4259 4260 4261 4262 4263 4264 4265 4266 4267 4268 4269 4270 4271 4272 4273 4274 4275 4276 4277 4278 4279 4280 4281 4282 4283 4284 4285 4286 4287 4288 4289 4290 4291 4292 4293 4294 4295 4296 4297 4298 4299 4300 4301 4302 4303 4304 4305 4306 4307 4308 4309 4310 4311 4312 4313 4314 4315 4316 4317 4318 4319 4320 4321 4322 4323 4324 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/mm/vmscan.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds * * Swap reorganised 29.12.95, Stephen Tweedie. * kswapd added: 7.1.96 sct * Removed kswapd_ctl limits, and swap out as many pages as needed * to bring the system back to freepages.high: 2.4.97, Rik van Riel. * Zone aware kswapd started 02/00, Kanoj Sarcar (kanoj@sgi.com). * Multiqueue VM started 5.8.00, Rik van Riel. */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/kernel_stat.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/vmpressure.h> #include <linux/vmstat.h> #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> /* for try_to_release_page(), buffer_heads_over_limit */ #include <linux/mm_inline.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/topology.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/compaction.h> #include <linux/notifier.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/delay.h> #include <linux/kthread.h> #include <linux/freezer.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/oom.h> #include <linux/pagevec.h> #include <linux/prefetch.h> #include <linux/printk.h> #include <linux/dax.h> #include <linux/psi.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <asm/div64.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <linux/balloon_compaction.h> #include "internal.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/vmscan.h> struct scan_control { /* How many pages shrink_list() should reclaim */ unsigned long nr_to_reclaim; /* * Nodemask of nodes allowed by the caller. If NULL, all nodes * are scanned. */ nodemask_t *nodemask; /* * The memory cgroup that hit its limit and as a result is the * primary target of this reclaim invocation. */ struct mem_cgroup *target_mem_cgroup; /* * Scan pressure balancing between anon and file LRUs */ unsigned long anon_cost; unsigned long file_cost; /* Can active pages be deactivated as part of reclaim? */ #define DEACTIVATE_ANON 1 #define DEACTIVATE_FILE 2 unsigned int may_deactivate:2; unsigned int force_deactivate:1; unsigned int skipped_deactivate:1; /* Writepage batching in laptop mode; RECLAIM_WRITE */ unsigned int may_writepage:1; /* Can mapped pages be reclaimed? */ unsigned int may_unmap:1; /* Can pages be swapped as part of reclaim? */ unsigned int may_swap:1; /* * Cgroup memory below memory.low is protected as long as we * don't threaten to OOM. If any cgroup is reclaimed at * reduced force or passed over entirely due to its memory.low * setting (memcg_low_skipped), and nothing is reclaimed as a * result, then go back for one more cycle that reclaims the protected * memory (memcg_low_reclaim) to avert OOM. */ unsigned int memcg_low_reclaim:1; unsigned int memcg_low_skipped:1; unsigned int hibernation_mode:1; /* One of the zones is ready for compaction */ unsigned int compaction_ready:1; /* There is easily reclaimable cold cache in the current node */ unsigned int cache_trim_mode:1; /* The file pages on the current node are dangerously low */ unsigned int file_is_tiny:1; /* Allocation order */ s8 order; /* Scan (total_size >> priority) pages at once */ s8 priority; /* The highest zone to isolate pages for reclaim from */ s8 reclaim_idx; /* This context's GFP mask */ gfp_t gfp_mask; /* Incremented by the number of inactive pages that were scanned */ unsigned long nr_scanned; /* Number of pages freed so far during a call to shrink_zones() */ unsigned long nr_reclaimed; struct { unsigned int dirty; unsigned int unqueued_dirty; unsigned int congested; unsigned int writeback; unsigned int immediate; unsigned int file_taken; unsigned int taken; } nr; /* for recording the reclaimed slab by now */ struct reclaim_state reclaim_state; }; #ifdef ARCH_HAS_PREFETCHW #define prefetchw_prev_lru_page(_page, _base, _field) \ do { \ if ((_page)->lru.prev != _base) { \ struct page *prev; \ \ prev = lru_to_page(&(_page->lru)); \ prefetchw(&prev->_field); \ } \ } while (0) #else #define prefetchw_prev_lru_page(_page, _base, _field) do { } while (0) #endif /* * From 0 .. 200. Higher means more swappy. */ int vm_swappiness = 60; static void set_task_reclaim_state(struct task_struct *task, struct reclaim_state *rs) { /* Check for an overwrite */ WARN_ON_ONCE(rs && task->reclaim_state); /* Check for the nulling of an already-nulled member */ WARN_ON_ONCE(!rs && !task->reclaim_state); task->reclaim_state = rs; } static LIST_HEAD(shrinker_list); static DECLARE_RWSEM(shrinker_rwsem); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG /* * We allow subsystems to populate their shrinker-related * LRU lists before register_shrinker_prepared() is called * for the shrinker, since we don't want to impose * restrictions on their internal registration order. * In this case shrink_slab_memcg() may find corresponding * bit is set in the shrinkers map. * * This value is used by the function to detect registering * shrinkers and to skip do_shrink_slab() calls for them. */ #define SHRINKER_REGISTERING ((struct shrinker *)~0UL) static DEFINE_IDR(shrinker_idr); static int shrinker_nr_max; static int prealloc_memcg_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker) { int id, ret = -ENOMEM; down_write(&shrinker_rwsem); /* This may call shrinker, so it must use down_read_trylock() */ id = idr_alloc(&shrinker_idr, SHRINKER_REGISTERING, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL); if (id < 0) goto unlock; if (id >= shrinker_nr_max) { if (memcg_expand_shrinker_maps(id)) { idr_remove(&shrinker_idr, id); goto unlock; } shrinker_nr_max = id + 1; } shrinker->id = id; ret = 0; unlock: up_write(&shrinker_rwsem); return ret; } static void unregister_memcg_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker) { int id = shrinker->id; BUG_ON(id < 0); down_write(&shrinker_rwsem); idr_remove(&shrinker_idr, id); up_write(&shrinker_rwsem); } static bool cgroup_reclaim(struct scan_control *sc) { return sc->target_mem_cgroup; } /** * writeback_throttling_sane - is the usual dirty throttling mechanism available? * @sc: scan_control in question * * The normal page dirty throttling mechanism in balance_dirty_pages() is * completely broken with the legacy memcg and direct stalling in * shrink_page_list() is used for throttling instead, which lacks all the * niceties such as fairness, adaptive pausing, bandwidth proportional * allocation and configurability. * * This function tests whether the vmscan currently in progress can assume * that the normal dirty throttling mechanism is operational. */ static bool writeback_throttling_sane(struct scan_control *sc) { if (!cgroup_reclaim(sc)) return true; #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK if (cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(memory_cgrp_subsys)) return true; #endif return false; } #else static int prealloc_memcg_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker) { return 0; } static void unregister_memcg_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker) { } static bool cgroup_reclaim(struct scan_control *sc) { return false; } static bool writeback_throttling_sane(struct scan_control *sc) { return true; } #endif /* * This misses isolated pages which are not accounted for to save counters. * As the data only determines if reclaim or compaction continues, it is * not expected that isolated pages will be a dominating factor. */ unsigned long zone_reclaimable_pages(struct zone *zone) { unsigned long nr; nr = zone_page_state_snapshot(zone, NR_ZONE_INACTIVE_FILE) + zone_page_state_snapshot(zone, NR_ZONE_ACTIVE_FILE); if (get_nr_swap_pages() > 0) nr += zone_page_state_snapshot(zone, NR_ZONE_INACTIVE_ANON) + zone_page_state_snapshot(zone, NR_ZONE_ACTIVE_ANON); return nr; } /** * lruvec_lru_size - Returns the number of pages on the given LRU list. * @lruvec: lru vector * @lru: lru to use * @zone_idx: zones to consider (use MAX_NR_ZONES for the whole LRU list) */ unsigned long lruvec_lru_size(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum lru_list lru, int zone_idx) { unsigned long size = 0; int zid; for (zid = 0; zid <= zone_idx && zid < MAX_NR_ZONES; zid++) { struct zone *zone = &lruvec_pgdat(lruvec)->node_zones[zid]; if (!managed_zone(zone)) continue; if (!mem_cgroup_disabled()) size += mem_cgroup_get_zone_lru_size(lruvec, lru, zid); else size += zone_page_state(zone, NR_ZONE_LRU_BASE + lru); } return size; } /* * Add a shrinker callback to be called from the vm. */ int prealloc_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker) { unsigned int size = sizeof(*shrinker->nr_deferred); if (shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_NUMA_AWARE) size *= nr_node_ids; shrinker->nr_deferred = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL); if (!shrinker->nr_deferred) return -ENOMEM; if (shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_MEMCG_AWARE) { if (prealloc_memcg_shrinker(shrinker)) goto free_deferred; } return 0; free_deferred: kfree(shrinker->nr_deferred); shrinker->nr_deferred = NULL; return -ENOMEM; } void free_prealloced_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker) { if (!shrinker->nr_deferred) return; if (shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_MEMCG_AWARE) unregister_memcg_shrinker(shrinker); kfree(shrinker->nr_deferred); shrinker->nr_deferred = NULL; } void register_shrinker_prepared(struct shrinker *shrinker) { down_write(&shrinker_rwsem); list_add_tail(&shrinker->list, &shrinker_list); #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG if (shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_MEMCG_AWARE) idr_replace(&shrinker_idr, shrinker, shrinker->id); #endif up_write(&shrinker_rwsem); } int register_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker) { int err = prealloc_shrinker(shrinker); if (err) return err; register_shrinker_prepared(shrinker); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_shrinker); /* * Remove one */ void unregister_shrinker(struct shrinker *shrinker) { if (!shrinker->nr_deferred) return; if (shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_MEMCG_AWARE) unregister_memcg_shrinker(shrinker); down_write(&shrinker_rwsem); list_del(&shrinker->list); up_write(&shrinker_rwsem); kfree(shrinker->nr_deferred); shrinker->nr_deferred = NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_shrinker); #define SHRINK_BATCH 128 static unsigned long do_shrink_slab(struct shrink_control *shrinkctl, struct shrinker *shrinker, int priority) { unsigned long freed = 0; unsigned long long delta; long total_scan; long freeable; long nr; long new_nr; int nid = shrinkctl->nid; long batch_size = shrinker->batch ? shrinker->batch : SHRINK_BATCH; long scanned = 0, next_deferred; if (!(shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_NUMA_AWARE)) nid = 0; freeable = shrinker->count_objects(shrinker, shrinkctl); if (freeable == 0 || freeable == SHRINK_EMPTY) return freeable; /* * copy the current shrinker scan count into a local variable * and zero it so that other concurrent shrinker invocations * don't also do this scanning work. */ nr = atomic_long_xchg(&shrinker->nr_deferred[nid], 0); total_scan = nr; if (shrinker->seeks) { delta = freeable >> priority; delta *= 4; do_div(delta, shrinker->seeks); } else { /* * These objects don't require any IO to create. Trim * them aggressively under memory pressure to keep * them from causing refetches in the IO caches. */ delta = freeable / 2; } total_scan += delta; if (total_scan < 0) { pr_err("shrink_slab: %pS negative objects to delete nr=%ld\n", shrinker->scan_objects, total_scan); total_scan = freeable; next_deferred = nr; } else next_deferred = total_scan; /* * We need to avoid excessive windup on filesystem shrinkers * due to large numbers of GFP_NOFS allocations causing the * shrinkers to return -1 all the time. This results in a large * nr being built up so when a shrink that can do some work * comes along it empties the entire cache due to nr >>> * freeable. This is bad for sustaining a working set in * memory. * * Hence only allow the shrinker to scan the entire cache when * a large delta change is calculated directly. */ if (delta < freeable / 4) total_scan = min(total_scan, freeable / 2); /* * Avoid risking looping forever due to too large nr value: * never try to free more than twice the estimate number of * freeable entries. */ if (total_scan > freeable * 2) total_scan = freeable * 2; trace_mm_shrink_slab_start(shrinker, shrinkctl, nr, freeable, delta, total_scan, priority); /* * Normally, we should not scan less than batch_size objects in one * pass to avoid too frequent shrinker calls, but if the slab has less * than batch_size objects in total and we are really tight on memory, * we will try to reclaim all available objects, otherwise we can end * up failing allocations although there are plenty of reclaimable * objects spread over several slabs with usage less than the * batch_size. * * We detect the "tight on memory" situations by looking at the total * number of objects we want to scan (total_scan). If it is greater * than the total number of objects on slab (freeable), we must be * scanning at high prio and therefore should try to reclaim as much as * possible. */ while (total_scan >= batch_size || total_scan >= freeable) { unsigned long ret; unsigned long nr_to_scan = min(batch_size, total_scan); shrinkctl->nr_to_scan = nr_to_scan; shrinkctl->nr_scanned = nr_to_scan; ret = shrinker->scan_objects(shrinker, shrinkctl); if (ret == SHRINK_STOP) break; freed += ret; count_vm_events(SLABS_SCANNED, shrinkctl->nr_scanned); total_scan -= shrinkctl->nr_scanned; scanned += shrinkctl->nr_scanned; cond_resched(); } if (next_deferred >= scanned) next_deferred -= scanned; else next_deferred = 0; /* * move the unused scan count back into the shrinker in a * manner that handles concurrent updates. If we exhausted the * scan, there is no need to do an update. */ if (next_deferred > 0) new_nr = atomic_long_add_return(next_deferred, &shrinker->nr_deferred[nid]); else new_nr = atomic_long_read(&shrinker->nr_deferred[nid]); trace_mm_shrink_slab_end(shrinker, nid, freed, nr, new_nr, total_scan); return freed; } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG static unsigned long shrink_slab_memcg(gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int priority) { struct memcg_shrinker_map *map; unsigned long ret, freed = 0; int i; if (!mem_cgroup_online(memcg)) return 0; if (!down_read_trylock(&shrinker_rwsem)) return 0; map = rcu_dereference_protected(memcg->nodeinfo[nid]->shrinker_map, true); if (unlikely(!map)) goto unlock; for_each_set_bit(i, map->map, shrinker_nr_max) { struct shrink_control sc = { .gfp_mask = gfp_mask, .nid = nid, .memcg = memcg, }; struct shrinker *shrinker; shrinker = idr_find(&shrinker_idr, i); if (unlikely(!shrinker || shrinker == SHRINKER_REGISTERING)) { if (!shrinker) clear_bit(i, map->map); continue; } /* Call non-slab shrinkers even though kmem is disabled */ if (!memcg_kmem_enabled() && !(shrinker->flags & SHRINKER_NONSLAB)) continue; ret = do_shrink_slab(&sc, shrinker, priority); if (ret == SHRINK_EMPTY) { clear_bit(i, map->map); /* * After the shrinker reported that it had no objects to * free, but before we cleared the corresponding bit in * the memcg shrinker map, a new object might have been * added. To make sure, we have the bit set in this * case, we invoke the shrinker one more time and reset * the bit if it reports that it is not empty anymore. * The memory barrier here pairs with the barrier in * memcg_set_shrinker_bit(): * * list_lru_add() shrink_slab_memcg() * list_add_tail() clear_bit() * <MB> <MB> * set_bit() do_shrink_slab() */ smp_mb__after_atomic(); ret = do_shrink_slab(&sc, shrinker, priority); if (ret == SHRINK_EMPTY) ret = 0; else memcg_set_shrinker_bit(memcg, nid, i); } freed += ret; if (rwsem_is_contended(&shrinker_rwsem)) { freed = freed ? : 1; break; } } unlock: up_read(&shrinker_rwsem); return freed; } #else /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ static unsigned long shrink_slab_memcg(gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int priority) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */ /** * shrink_slab - shrink slab caches * @gfp_mask: allocation context * @nid: node whose slab caches to target * @memcg: memory cgroup whose slab caches to target * @priority: the reclaim priority * * Call the shrink functions to age shrinkable caches. * * @nid is passed along to shrinkers with SHRINKER_NUMA_AWARE set, * unaware shrinkers will receive a node id of 0 instead. * * @memcg specifies the memory cgroup to target. Unaware shrinkers * are called only if it is the root cgroup. * * @priority is sc->priority, we take the number of objects and >> by priority * in order to get the scan target. * * Returns the number of reclaimed slab objects. */ static unsigned long shrink_slab(gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int priority) { unsigned long ret, freed = 0; struct shrinker *shrinker; /* * The root memcg might be allocated even though memcg is disabled * via "cgroup_disable=memory" boot parameter. This could make * mem_cgroup_is_root() return false, then just run memcg slab * shrink, but skip global shrink. This may result in premature * oom. */ if (!mem_cgroup_disabled() && !mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg)) return shrink_slab_memcg(gfp_mask, nid, memcg, priority); if (!down_read_trylock(&shrinker_rwsem)) goto out; list_for_each_entry(shrinker, &shrinker_list, list) { struct shrink_control sc = { .gfp_mask = gfp_mask, .nid = nid, .memcg = memcg, }; ret = do_shrink_slab(&sc, shrinker, priority); if (ret == SHRINK_EMPTY) ret = 0; freed += ret; /* * Bail out if someone want to register a new shrinker to * prevent the registration from being stalled for long periods * by parallel ongoing shrinking. */ if (rwsem_is_contended(&shrinker_rwsem)) { freed = freed ? : 1; break; } } up_read(&shrinker_rwsem); out: cond_resched(); return freed; } void drop_slab_node(int nid) { unsigned long freed; do { struct mem_cgroup *memcg = NULL; if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) return; freed = 0; memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(NULL, NULL, NULL); do { freed += shrink_slab(GFP_KERNEL, nid, memcg, 0); } while ((memcg = mem_cgroup_iter(NULL, memcg, NULL)) != NULL); } while (freed > 10); } void drop_slab(void) { int nid; for_each_online_node(nid) drop_slab_node(nid); } static inline int is_page_cache_freeable(struct page *page) { /* * A freeable page cache page is referenced only by the caller * that isolated the page, the page cache and optional buffer * heads at page->private. */ int page_cache_pins = thp_nr_pages(page); return page_count(page) - page_has_private(page) == 1 + page_cache_pins; } static int may_write_to_inode(struct inode *inode) { if (current->flags & PF_SWAPWRITE) return 1; if (!inode_write_congested(inode)) return 1; if (inode_to_bdi(inode) == current->backing_dev_info) return 1; return 0; } /* * We detected a synchronous write error writing a page out. Probably * -ENOSPC. We need to propagate that into the address_space for a subsequent * fsync(), msync() or close(). * * The tricky part is that after writepage we cannot touch the mapping: nothing * prevents it from being freed up. But we have a ref on the page and once * that page is locked, the mapping is pinned. * * We're allowed to run sleeping lock_page() here because we know the caller has * __GFP_FS. */ static void handle_write_error(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page, int error) { lock_page(page); if (page_mapping(page) == mapping) mapping_set_error(mapping, error); unlock_page(page); } /* possible outcome of pageout() */ typedef enum { /* failed to write page out, page is locked */ PAGE_KEEP, /* move page to the active list, page is locked */ PAGE_ACTIVATE, /* page has been sent to the disk successfully, page is unlocked */ PAGE_SUCCESS, /* page is clean and locked */ PAGE_CLEAN, } pageout_t; /* * pageout is called by shrink_page_list() for each dirty page. * Calls ->writepage(). */ static pageout_t pageout(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping) { /* * If the page is dirty, only perform writeback if that write * will be non-blocking. To prevent this allocation from being * stalled by pagecache activity. But note that there may be * stalls if we need to run get_block(). We could test * PagePrivate for that. * * If this process is currently in __generic_file_write_iter() against * this page's queue, we can perform writeback even if that * will block. * * If the page is swapcache, write it back even if that would * block, for some throttling. This happens by accident, because * swap_backing_dev_info is bust: it doesn't reflect the * congestion state of the swapdevs. Easy to fix, if needed. */ if (!is_page_cache_freeable(page)) return PAGE_KEEP; if (!mapping) { /* * Some data journaling orphaned pages can have * page->mapping == NULL while being dirty with clean buffers. */ if (page_has_private(page)) { if (try_to_free_buffers(page)) { ClearPageDirty(page); pr_info("%s: orphaned page\n", __func__); return PAGE_CLEAN; } } return PAGE_KEEP; } if (mapping->a_ops->writepage == NULL) return PAGE_ACTIVATE; if (!may_write_to_inode(mapping->host)) return PAGE_KEEP; if (clear_page_dirty_for_io(page)) { int res; struct writeback_control wbc = { .sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE, .nr_to_write = SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX, .range_start = 0, .range_end = LLONG_MAX, .for_reclaim = 1, }; SetPageReclaim(page); res = mapping->a_ops->writepage(page, &wbc); if (res < 0) handle_write_error(mapping, page, res); if (res == AOP_WRITEPAGE_ACTIVATE) { ClearPageReclaim(page); return PAGE_ACTIVATE; } if (!PageWriteback(page)) { /* synchronous write or broken a_ops? */ ClearPageReclaim(page); } trace_mm_vmscan_writepage(page); inc_node_page_state(page, NR_VMSCAN_WRITE); return PAGE_SUCCESS; } return PAGE_CLEAN; } /* * Same as remove_mapping, but if the page is removed from the mapping, it * gets returned with a refcount of 0. */ static int __remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page, bool reclaimed, struct mem_cgroup *target_memcg) { unsigned long flags; int refcount; void *shadow = NULL; BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page)); BUG_ON(mapping != page_mapping(page)); xa_lock_irqsave(&mapping->i_pages, flags); /* * The non racy check for a busy page. * * Must be careful with the order of the tests. When someone has * a ref to the page, it may be possible that they dirty it then * drop the reference. So if PageDirty is tested before page_count * here, then the following race may occur: * * get_user_pages(&page); * [user mapping goes away] * write_to(page); * !PageDirty(page) [good] * SetPageDirty(page); * put_page(page); * !page_count(page) [good, discard it] * * [oops, our write_to data is lost] * * Reversing the order of the tests ensures such a situation cannot * escape unnoticed. The smp_rmb is needed to ensure the page->flags * load is not satisfied before that of page->_refcount. * * Note that if SetPageDirty is always performed via set_page_dirty, * and thus under the i_pages lock, then this ordering is not required. */ refcount = 1 + compound_nr(page); if (!page_ref_freeze(page, refcount)) goto cannot_free; /* note: atomic_cmpxchg in page_ref_freeze provides the smp_rmb */ if (unlikely(PageDirty(page))) { page_ref_unfreeze(page, refcount); goto cannot_free; } if (PageSwapCache(page)) { swp_entry_t swap = { .val = page_private(page) }; mem_cgroup_swapout(page, swap); if (reclaimed && !mapping_exiting(mapping)) shadow = workingset_eviction(page, target_memcg); __delete_from_swap_cache(page, swap, shadow); xa_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->i_pages, flags); put_swap_page(page, swap); } else { void (*freepage)(struct page *); freepage = mapping->a_ops->freepage; /* * Remember a shadow entry for reclaimed file cache in * order to detect refaults, thus thrashing, later on. * * But don't store shadows in an address space that is * already exiting. This is not just an optimization, * inode reclaim needs to empty out the radix tree or * the nodes are lost. Don't plant shadows behind its * back. * * We also don't store shadows for DAX mappings because the * only page cache pages found in these are zero pages * covering holes, and because we don't want to mix DAX * exceptional entries and shadow exceptional entries in the * same address_space. */ if (reclaimed && page_is_file_lru(page) && !mapping_exiting(mapping) && !dax_mapping(mapping)) shadow = workingset_eviction(page, target_memcg); __delete_from_page_cache(page, shadow); xa_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->i_pages, flags); if (freepage != NULL) freepage(page); } return 1; cannot_free: xa_unlock_irqrestore(&mapping->i_pages, flags); return 0; } /* * Attempt to detach a locked page from its ->mapping. If it is dirty or if * someone else has a ref on the page, abort and return 0. If it was * successfully detached, return 1. Assumes the caller has a single ref on * this page. */ int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page) { if (__remove_mapping(mapping, page, false, NULL)) { /* * Unfreezing the refcount with 1 rather than 2 effectively * drops the pagecache ref for us without requiring another * atomic operation. */ page_ref_unfreeze(page, 1); return 1; } return 0; } /** * putback_lru_page - put previously isolated page onto appropriate LRU list * @page: page to be put back to appropriate lru list * * Add previously isolated @page to appropriate LRU list. * Page may still be unevictable for other reasons. * * lru_lock must not be held, interrupts must be enabled. */ void putback_lru_page(struct page *page) { lru_cache_add(page); put_page(page); /* drop ref from isolate */ } enum page_references { PAGEREF_RECLAIM, PAGEREF_RECLAIM_CLEAN, PAGEREF_KEEP, PAGEREF_ACTIVATE, }; static enum page_references page_check_references(struct page *page, struct scan_control *sc) { int referenced_ptes, referenced_page; unsigned long vm_flags; referenced_ptes = page_referenced(page, 1, sc->target_mem_cgroup, &vm_flags); referenced_page = TestClearPageReferenced(page); /* * Mlock lost the isolation race with us. Let try_to_unmap() * move the page to the unevictable list. */ if (vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) return PAGEREF_RECLAIM; if (referenced_ptes) { /* * All mapped pages start out with page table * references from the instantiating fault, so we need * to look twice if a mapped file page is used more * than once. * * Mark it and spare it for another trip around the * inactive list. Another page table reference will * lead to its activation. * * Note: the mark is set for activated pages as well * so that recently deactivated but used pages are * quickly recovered. */ SetPageReferenced(page); if (referenced_page || referenced_ptes > 1) return PAGEREF_ACTIVATE; /* * Activate file-backed executable pages after first usage. */ if ((vm_flags & VM_EXEC) && !PageSwapBacked(page)) return PAGEREF_ACTIVATE; return PAGEREF_KEEP; } /* Reclaim if clean, defer dirty pages to writeback */ if (referenced_page && !PageSwapBacked(page)) return PAGEREF_RECLAIM_CLEAN; return PAGEREF_RECLAIM; } /* Check if a page is dirty or under writeback */ static void page_check_dirty_writeback(struct page *page, bool *dirty, bool *writeback) { struct address_space *mapping; /* * Anonymous pages are not handled by flushers and must be written * from reclaim context. Do not stall reclaim based on them */ if (!page_is_file_lru(page) || (PageAnon(page) && !PageSwapBacked(page))) { *dirty = false; *writeback = false; return; } /* By default assume that the page flags are accurate */ *dirty = PageDirty(page); *writeback = PageWriteback(page); /* Verify dirty/writeback state if the filesystem supports it */ if (!page_has_private(page)) return; mapping = page_mapping(page); if (mapping && mapping->a_ops->is_dirty_writeback) mapping->a_ops->is_dirty_writeback(page, dirty, writeback); } /* * shrink_page_list() returns the number of reclaimed pages */ static unsigned int shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list, struct pglist_data *pgdat, struct scan_control *sc, struct reclaim_stat *stat, bool ignore_references) { LIST_HEAD(ret_pages); LIST_HEAD(free_pages); unsigned int nr_reclaimed = 0; unsigned int pgactivate = 0; memset(stat, 0, sizeof(*stat)); cond_resched(); while (!list_empty(page_list)) { struct address_space *mapping; struct page *page; enum page_references references = PAGEREF_RECLAIM; bool dirty, writeback, may_enter_fs; unsigned int nr_pages; cond_resched(); page = lru_to_page(page_list); list_del(&page->lru); if (!trylock_page(page)) goto keep; VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageActive(page), page); nr_pages = compound_nr(page); /* Account the number of base pages even though THP */ sc->nr_scanned += nr_pages; if (unlikely(!page_evictable(page))) goto activate_locked; if (!sc->may_unmap && page_mapped(page)) goto keep_locked; may_enter_fs = (sc->gfp_mask & __GFP_FS) || (PageSwapCache(page) && (sc->gfp_mask & __GFP_IO)); /* * The number of dirty pages determines if a node is marked * reclaim_congested which affects wait_iff_congested. kswapd * will stall and start writing pages if the tail of the LRU * is all dirty unqueued pages. */ page_check_dirty_writeback(page, &dirty, &writeback); if (dirty || writeback) stat->nr_dirty++; if (dirty && !writeback) stat->nr_unqueued_dirty++; /* * Treat this page as congested if the underlying BDI is or if * pages are cycling through the LRU so quickly that the * pages marked for immediate reclaim are making it to the * end of the LRU a second time. */ mapping = page_mapping(page); if (((dirty || writeback) && mapping && inode_write_congested(mapping->host)) || (writeback && PageReclaim(page))) stat->nr_congested++; /* * If a page at the tail of the LRU is under writeback, there * are three cases to consider. * * 1) If reclaim is encountering an excessive number of pages * under writeback and this page is both under writeback and * PageReclaim then it indicates that pages are being queued * for IO but are being recycled through the LRU before the * IO can complete. Waiting on the page itself risks an * indefinite stall if it is impossible to writeback the * page due to IO error or disconnected storage so instead * note that the LRU is being scanned too quickly and the * caller can stall after page list has been processed. * * 2) Global or new memcg reclaim encounters a page that is * not marked for immediate reclaim, or the caller does not * have __GFP_FS (or __GFP_IO if it's simply going to swap, * not to fs). In this case mark the page for immediate * reclaim and continue scanning. * * Require may_enter_fs because we would wait on fs, which * may not have submitted IO yet. And the loop driver might * enter reclaim, and deadlock if it waits on a page for * which it is needed to do the write (loop masks off * __GFP_IO|__GFP_FS for this reason); but more thought * would probably show more reasons. * * 3) Legacy memcg encounters a page that is already marked * PageReclaim. memcg does not have any dirty pages * throttling so we could easily OOM just because too many * pages are in writeback and there is nothing else to * reclaim. Wait for the writeback to complete. * * In cases 1) and 2) we activate the pages to get them out of * the way while we continue scanning for clean pages on the * inactive list and refilling from the active list. The * observation here is that waiting for disk writes is more * expensive than potentially causing reloads down the line. * Since they're marked for immediate reclaim, they won't put * memory pressure on the cache working set any longer than it * takes to write them to disk. */ if (PageWriteback(page)) { /* Case 1 above */ if (current_is_kswapd() && PageReclaim(page) && test_bit(PGDAT_WRITEBACK, &pgdat->flags)) { stat->nr_immediate++; goto activate_locked; /* Case 2 above */ } else if (writeback_throttling_sane(sc) || !PageReclaim(page) || !may_enter_fs) { /* * This is slightly racy - end_page_writeback() * might have just cleared PageReclaim, then * setting PageReclaim here end up interpreted * as PageReadahead - but that does not matter * enough to care. What we do want is for this * page to have PageReclaim set next time memcg * reclaim reaches the tests above, so it will * then wait_on_page_writeback() to avoid OOM; * and it's also appropriate in global reclaim. */ SetPageReclaim(page); stat->nr_writeback++; goto activate_locked; /* Case 3 above */ } else { unlock_page(page); wait_on_page_writeback(page); /* then go back and try same page again */ list_add_tail(&page->lru, page_list); continue; } } if (!ignore_references) references = page_check_references(page, sc); switch (references) { case PAGEREF_ACTIVATE: goto activate_locked; case PAGEREF_KEEP: stat->nr_ref_keep += nr_pages; goto keep_locked; case PAGEREF_RECLAIM: case PAGEREF_RECLAIM_CLEAN: ; /* try to reclaim the page below */ } /* * Anonymous process memory has backing store? * Try to allocate it some swap space here. * Lazyfree page could be freed directly */ if (PageAnon(page) && PageSwapBacked(page)) { if (!PageSwapCache(page)) { if (!(sc->gfp_mask & __GFP_IO)) goto keep_locked; if (page_maybe_dma_pinned(page)) goto keep_locked; if (PageTransHuge(page)) { /* cannot split THP, skip it */ if (!can_split_huge_page(page, NULL)) goto activate_locked; /* * Split pages without a PMD map right * away. Chances are some or all of the * tail pages can be freed without IO. */ if (!compound_mapcount(page) && split_huge_page_to_list(page, page_list)) goto activate_locked; } if (!add_to_swap(page)) { if (!PageTransHuge(page)) goto activate_locked_split; /* Fallback to swap normal pages */ if (split_huge_page_to_list(page, page_list)) goto activate_locked; #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE count_vm_event(THP_SWPOUT_FALLBACK); #endif if (!add_to_swap(page)) goto activate_locked_split; } may_enter_fs = true; /* Adding to swap updated mapping */ mapping = page_mapping(page); } } else if (unlikely(PageTransHuge(page))) { /* Split file THP */ if (split_huge_page_to_list(page, page_list)) goto keep_locked; } /* * THP may get split above, need minus tail pages and update * nr_pages to avoid accounting tail pages twice. * * The tail pages that are added into swap cache successfully * reach here. */ if ((nr_pages > 1) && !PageTransHuge(page)) { sc->nr_scanned -= (nr_pages - 1); nr_pages = 1; } /* * The page is mapped into the page tables of one or more * processes. Try to unmap it here. */ if (page_mapped(page)) { enum ttu_flags flags = TTU_BATCH_FLUSH; bool was_swapbacked = PageSwapBacked(page); if (unlikely(PageTransHuge(page))) flags |= TTU_SPLIT_HUGE_PMD; if (!try_to_unmap(page, flags)) { stat->nr_unmap_fail += nr_pages; if (!was_swapbacked && PageSwapBacked(page)) stat->nr_lazyfree_fail += nr_pages; goto activate_locked; } } if (PageDirty(page)) { /* * Only kswapd can writeback filesystem pages * to avoid risk of stack overflow. But avoid * injecting inefficient single-page IO into * flusher writeback as much as possible: only * write pages when we've encountered many * dirty pages, and when we've already scanned * the rest of the LRU for clean pages and see * the same dirty pages again (PageReclaim). */ if (page_is_file_lru(page) && (!current_is_kswapd() || !PageReclaim(page) || !test_bit(PGDAT_DIRTY, &pgdat->flags))) { /* * Immediately reclaim when written back. * Similar in principal to deactivate_page() * except we already have the page isolated * and know it's dirty */ inc_node_page_state(page, NR_VMSCAN_IMMEDIATE); SetPageReclaim(page); goto activate_locked; } if (references == PAGEREF_RECLAIM_CLEAN) goto keep_locked; if (!may_enter_fs) goto keep_locked; if (!sc->may_writepage) goto keep_locked; /* * Page is dirty. Flush the TLB if a writable entry * potentially exists to avoid CPU writes after IO * starts and then write it out here. */ try_to_unmap_flush_dirty(); switch (pageout(page, mapping)) { case