1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Fast batching percpu counters. */ #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/cpu.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/debugobjects.h> #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU static LIST_HEAD(percpu_counters); static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(percpu_counters_lock); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_PERCPU_COUNTER static const struct debug_obj_descr percpu_counter_debug_descr; static bool percpu_counter_fixup_free(void *addr, enum debug_obj_state state) { struct percpu_counter *fbc = addr; switch (state) { case ODEBUG_STATE_ACTIVE: percpu_counter_destroy(fbc); debug_object_free(fbc, &percpu_counter_debug_descr); return true; default: return false; } } static const struct debug_obj_descr percpu_counter_debug_descr = { .name = "percpu_counter", .fixup_free = percpu_counter_fixup_free, }; static inline void debug_percpu_counter_activate(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { debug_object_init(fbc, &percpu_counter_debug_descr); debug_object_activate(fbc, &percpu_counter_debug_descr); } static inline void debug_percpu_counter_deactivate(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { debug_object_deactivate(fbc, &percpu_counter_debug_descr); debug_object_free(fbc, &percpu_counter_debug_descr); } #else /* CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_PERCPU_COUNTER */ static inline void debug_percpu_counter_activate(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { } static inline void debug_percpu_counter_deactivate(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_PERCPU_COUNTER */ void percpu_counter_set(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 amount) { int cpu; unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&fbc->lock, flags); for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { s32 *pcount = per_cpu_ptr(fbc->counters, cpu); *pcount = 0; } fbc->count = amount; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&fbc->lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(percpu_counter_set); /** * This function is both preempt and irq safe. The former is due to explicit * preemption disable. The latter is guaranteed by the fact that the slow path * is explicitly protected by an irq-safe spinlock whereas the fast patch uses * this_cpu_add which is irq-safe by definition. Hence there is no need muck * with irq state before calling this one */ void percpu_counter_add_batch(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 amount, s32 batch) { s64 count; preempt_disable(); count = __this_cpu_read(*fbc->counters) + amount; if (abs(count) >= batch) { unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&fbc->lock, flags); fbc->count += count; __this_cpu_sub(*fbc->counters, count - amount); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&fbc->lock, flags); } else { this_cpu_add(*fbc->counters, amount); } preempt_enable(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(percpu_counter_add_batch); /* * For percpu_counter with a big batch, the devication of its count could * be big, and there is requirement to reduce the deviation, like when the * counter's batch could be runtime decreased to get a better accuracy, * which can be achieved by running this sync function on each CPU. */ void percpu_counter_sync(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { unsigned long flags; s64 count; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&fbc->lock, flags); count = __this_cpu_read(*fbc->counters); fbc->count += count; __this_cpu_sub(*fbc->counters, count); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&fbc->lock, flags); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(percpu_counter_sync); /* * Add up all the per-cpu counts, return the result. This is a more accurate * but much slower version of percpu_counter_read_positive() */ s64 __percpu_counter_sum(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { s64 ret; int cpu; unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&fbc->lock, flags); ret = fbc->count; for_each_online_cpu(cpu) { s32 *pcount = per_cpu_ptr(fbc->counters, cpu); ret += *pcount; } raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&fbc->lock, flags); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__percpu_counter_sum); int __percpu_counter_init(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 amount, gfp_t gfp, struct lock_class_key *key) { unsigned long flags __maybe_unused; raw_spin_lock_init(&fbc->lock); lockdep_set_class(&fbc->lock, key); fbc->count = amount; fbc->counters = alloc_percpu_gfp(s32, gfp); if (!fbc->counters) return -ENOMEM; debug_percpu_counter_activate(fbc); #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU INIT_LIST_HEAD(&fbc->list); spin_lock_irqsave(&percpu_counters_lock, flags); list_add(&fbc->list, &percpu_counters); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&percpu_counters_lock, flags); #endif return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__percpu_counter_init); void percpu_counter_destroy(struct percpu_counter *fbc) { unsigned long flags __maybe_unused; if (!fbc->counters) return; debug_percpu_counter_deactivate(fbc); #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU spin_lock_irqsave(&percpu_counters_lock, flags); list_del(&fbc->list); spin_unlock_irqrestore(&percpu_counters_lock, flags); #endif free_percpu(fbc->counters); fbc->counters = NULL; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(percpu_counter_destroy); int percpu_counter_batch __read_mostly = 32; EXPORT_SYMBOL(percpu_counter_batch); static int compute_batch_value(unsigned int cpu) { int nr = num_online_cpus(); percpu_counter_batch = max(32, nr*2); return 0; } static int percpu_counter_cpu_dead(unsigned int cpu) { #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU struct percpu_counter *fbc; compute_batch_value(cpu); spin_lock_irq(&percpu_counters_lock); list_for_each_entry(fbc, &percpu_counters, list) { s32 *pcount; raw_spin_lock(&fbc->lock); pcount = per_cpu_ptr(fbc->counters, cpu); fbc->count += *pcount; *pcount = 0; raw_spin_unlock(&fbc->lock); } spin_unlock_irq(&percpu_counters_lock); #endif return 0; } /* * Compare counter against given value. * Return 1 if greater, 0 if equal and -1 if less */ int __percpu_counter_compare(struct percpu_counter *fbc, s64 rhs, s32 batch) { s64 count; count = percpu_counter_read(fbc); /* Check to see if rough count will be sufficient for comparison */ if (abs(count - rhs) > (batch * num_online_cpus())) { if (count > rhs) return 1; else return -1; } /* Need to use precise count */ count = percpu_counter_sum(fbc); if (count > rhs) return 1; else if (count < rhs) return -1; else return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(__percpu_counter_compare); static int __init percpu_counter_startup(void) { int ret; ret = cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN, "lib/percpu_cnt:online", compute_batch_value, NULL); WARN_ON(ret < 0); ret = cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls(CPUHP_PERCPU_CNT_DEAD, "lib/percpu_cnt:dead", NULL, percpu_counter_cpu_dead); WARN_ON(ret < 0); return 0; } module_init(percpu_counter_startup);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_STACK_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_STACK_H /* * task->stack (kernel stack) handling interfaces: */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK /* * When accessing the stack of a non-current task that might exit, use * try_get_task_stack() instead. task_stack_page will return a pointer * that could get freed out from under you. */ static inline void *task_stack_page(const struct task_struct *task) { return task->stack; } #define setup_thread_stack(new,old) do { } while(0) static inline unsigned long *end_of_stack(const struct task_struct *task) { #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return (unsigned long *)((unsigned long)task->stack + THREAD_SIZE) - 1; #else return task->stack; #endif } #elif !defined(__HAVE_THREAD_FUNCTIONS) #define task_stack_page(task) ((void *)(task)->stack) static inline void setup_thread_stack(struct task_struct *p, struct task_struct *org) { *task_thread_info(p) = *task_thread_info(org); task_thread_info(p)->task = p; } /* * Return the address of the last usable long on the stack. * * When the stack grows down, this is just above the thread * info struct. Going any lower will corrupt the threadinfo. * * When the stack grows up, this is the highest address. * Beyond that position, we corrupt data on the next page. */ static inline unsigned long *end_of_stack(struct task_struct *p) { #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return (unsigned long *)((unsigned long)task_thread_info(p) + THREAD_SIZE) - 1; #else return (unsigned long *)(task_thread_info(p) + 1); #endif } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK static inline void *try_get_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) { return refcount_inc_not_zero(&tsk->stack_refcount) ? task_stack_page(tsk) : NULL; } extern void put_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk); #else static inline void *try_get_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) { return task_stack_page(tsk); } static inline void put_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk) {} #endif #define task_stack_end_corrupted(task) \ (*(end_of_stack(task)) != STACK_END_MAGIC) static inline int object_is_on_stack(const void *obj) { void *stack = task_stack_page(current); return (obj >= stack) && (obj < (stack + THREAD_SIZE)); } extern void thread_stack_cache_init(void); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_STACK_USAGE static inline unsigned long stack_not_used(struct task_struct *p) { unsigned long *n = end_of_stack(p); do { /* Skip over canary */ # ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP n--; # else n++; # endif } while (!*n); # ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP return (unsigned long)end_of_stack(p) - (unsigned long)n; # else return (unsigned long)n - (unsigned long)end_of_stack(p); # endif } #endif extern void set_task_stack_end_magic(struct task_struct *tsk); #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_KSTACK_END static inline int kstack_end(void *addr) { /* Reliable end of stack detection: * Some APM bios versions misalign the stack */ return !(((unsigned long)addr+sizeof(void*)-1) & (THREAD_SIZE-sizeof(void*))); } #endif #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_STACK_H */
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3018 3019 3020 3021 3022 3023 3024 3025 3026 3027 3028 3029 3030 3031 3032 3033 3034 3035 3036 3037 3038 3039 3040 3041 3042 3043 3044 3045 3046 3047 3048 3049 3050 3051 3052 3053 3054 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Simple NUMA memory policy for the Linux kernel. * * Copyright 2003,2004 Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs. * (C) Copyright 2005 Christoph Lameter, Silicon Graphics, Inc. * * NUMA policy allows the user to give hints in which node(s) memory should * be allocated. * * Support four policies per VMA and per process: * * The VMA policy has priority over the process policy for a page fault. * * interleave Allocate memory interleaved over a set of nodes, * with normal fallback if it fails. * For VMA based allocations this interleaves based on the * offset into the backing object or offset into the mapping * for anonymous memory. For process policy an process counter * is used. * * bind Only allocate memory on a specific set of nodes, * no fallback. * FIXME: memory is allocated starting with the first node * to the last. It would be better if bind would truly restrict * the allocation to memory nodes instead * * preferred Try a specific node first before normal fallback. * As a special case NUMA_NO_NODE here means do the allocation * on the local CPU. This is normally identical to default, * but useful to set in a VMA when you have a non default * process policy. * * default Allocate on the local node first, or when on a VMA * use the process policy. This is what Linux always did * in a NUMA aware kernel and still does by, ahem, default. * * The process policy is applied for most non interrupt memory allocations * in that process' context. Interrupts ignore the policies and always * try to allocate on the local CPU. The VMA policy is only applied for memory * allocations for a VMA in the VM. * * Currently there are a few corner cases in swapping where the policy * is not applied, but the majority should be handled. When process policy * is used it is not remembered over swap outs/swap ins. * * Only the highest zone in the zone hierarchy gets policied. Allocations * requesting a lower zone just use default policy. This implies that * on systems with highmem kernel lowmem allocation don't get policied. * Same with GFP_DMA allocations. * * For shmfs/tmpfs/hugetlbfs shared memory the policy is shared between * all users and remembered even when nobody has memory mapped. */ /* Notebook: fix mmap readahead to honour policy and enable policy for any page cache object statistics for bigpages global policy for page cache? currently it uses process policy. Requires first item above. handle mremap for shared memory (currently ignored for the policy) grows down? make bind policy root only? It can trigger oom much faster and the kernel is not always grateful with that. */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/mempolicy.h> #include <linux/pagewalk.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/hugetlb.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/mm.h> #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/cpuset.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/ptrace.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/migrate.h> #include <linux/ksm.h> #include <linux/rmap.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #include <linux/mm_inline.h> #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> #include <linux/printk.h> #include <linux/swapops.h> #include <asm/tlbflush.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include "internal.h" /* Internal flags */ #define MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK (MPOL_MF_INTERNAL << 0) /* Skip checks for continuous vmas */ #define MPOL_MF_INVERT (MPOL_MF_INTERNAL << 1) /* Invert check for nodemask */ static struct kmem_cache *policy_cache; static struct kmem_cache *sn_cache; /* Highest zone. An specific allocation for a zone below that is not policied. */ enum zone_type policy_zone = 0; /* * run-time system-wide default policy => local allocation */ static struct mempolicy default_policy = { .refcnt = ATOMIC_INIT(1), /* never free it */ .mode = MPOL_PREFERRED, .flags = MPOL_F_LOCAL, }; static struct mempolicy preferred_node_policy[MAX_NUMNODES]; /** * numa_map_to_online_node - Find closest online node * @node: Node id to start the search * * Lookup the next closest node by distance if @nid is not online. */ int numa_map_to_online_node(int node) { int min_dist = INT_MAX, dist, n, min_node; if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE || node_online(node)) return node; min_node = node; for_each_online_node(n) { dist = node_distance(node, n); if (dist < min_dist) { min_dist = dist; min_node = n; } } return min_node; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(numa_map_to_online_node); struct mempolicy *get_task_policy(struct task_struct *p) { struct mempolicy *pol = p->mempolicy; int node; if (pol) return pol; node = numa_node_id(); if (node != NUMA_NO_NODE) { pol = &preferred_node_policy[node]; /* preferred_node_policy is not initialised early in boot */ if (pol->mode) return pol; } return &default_policy; } static const struct mempolicy_operations { int (*create)(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes); void (*rebind)(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes); } mpol_ops[MPOL_MAX]; static inline int mpol_store_user_nodemask(const struct mempolicy *pol) { return pol->flags & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; } static void mpol_relative_nodemask(nodemask_t *ret, const nodemask_t *orig, const nodemask_t *rel) { nodemask_t tmp; nodes_fold(tmp, *orig, nodes_weight(*rel)); nodes_onto(*ret, tmp, *rel); } static int mpol_new_interleave(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return -EINVAL; pol->v.nodes = *nodes; return 0; } static int mpol_new_preferred(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { if (!nodes) pol->flags |= MPOL_F_LOCAL; /* local allocation */ else if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return -EINVAL; /* no allowed nodes */ else pol->v.preferred_node = first_node(*nodes); return 0; } static int mpol_new_bind(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return -EINVAL; pol->v.nodes = *nodes; return 0; } /* * mpol_set_nodemask is called after mpol_new() to set up the nodemask, if * any, for the new policy. mpol_new() has already validated the nodes * parameter with respect to the policy mode and flags. But, we need to * handle an empty nodemask with MPOL_PREFERRED here. * * Must be called holding task's alloc_lock to protect task's mems_allowed * and mempolicy. May also be called holding the mmap_lock for write. */ static int mpol_set_nodemask(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes, struct nodemask_scratch *nsc) { int ret; /* if mode is MPOL_DEFAULT, pol is NULL. This is right. */ if (pol == NULL) return 0; /* Check N_MEMORY */ nodes_and(nsc->mask1, cpuset_current_mems_allowed, node_states[N_MEMORY]); VM_BUG_ON(!nodes); if (pol->mode == MPOL_PREFERRED && nodes_empty(*nodes)) nodes = NULL; /* explicit local allocation */ else { if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) mpol_relative_nodemask(&nsc->mask2, nodes, &nsc->mask1); else nodes_and(nsc->mask2, *nodes, nsc->mask1); if (mpol_store_user_nodemask(pol)) pol->w.user_nodemask = *nodes; else pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed = cpuset_current_mems_allowed; } if (nodes) ret = mpol_ops[pol->mode].create(pol, &nsc->mask2); else ret = mpol_ops[pol->mode].create(pol, NULL); return ret; } /* * This function just creates a new policy, does some check and simple * initialization. You must invoke mpol_set_nodemask() to set nodes. */ static struct mempolicy *mpol_new(unsigned short mode, unsigned short flags, nodemask_t *nodes) { struct mempolicy *policy; pr_debug("setting mode %d flags %d nodes[0] %lx\n", mode, flags, nodes ? nodes_addr(*nodes)[0] : NUMA_NO_NODE); if (mode == MPOL_DEFAULT) { if (nodes && !nodes_empty(*nodes)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); return NULL; } VM_BUG_ON(!nodes); /* * MPOL_PREFERRED cannot be used with MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES or * MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES if the nodemask is empty (local allocation). * All other modes require a valid pointer to a non-empty nodemask. */ if (mode == MPOL_PREFERRED) { if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) { if (((flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) || (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES))) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } } else if (mode == MPOL_LOCAL) { if (!nodes_empty(*nodes) || (flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) || (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); mode = MPOL_PREFERRED; } else if (nodes_empty(*nodes)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); policy = kmem_cache_alloc(policy_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!policy) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); atomic_set(&policy->refcnt, 1); policy->mode = mode; policy->flags = flags; return policy; } /* Slow path of a mpol destructor. */ void __mpol_put(struct mempolicy *p) { if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&p->refcnt)) return; kmem_cache_free(policy_cache, p); } static void mpol_rebind_default(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { } static void mpol_rebind_nodemask(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { nodemask_t tmp; if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) nodes_and(tmp, pol->w.user_nodemask, *nodes); else if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) mpol_relative_nodemask(&tmp, &pol->w.user_nodemask, nodes); else { nodes_remap(tmp, pol->v.nodes,pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed, *nodes); pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed = *nodes; } if (nodes_empty(tmp)) tmp = *nodes; pol->v.nodes = tmp; } static void mpol_rebind_preferred(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *nodes) { nodemask_t tmp; if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) { int node = first_node(pol->w.user_nodemask); if (node_isset(node, *nodes)) { pol->v.preferred_node = node; pol->flags &= ~MPOL_F_LOCAL; } else pol->flags |= MPOL_F_LOCAL; } else if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) { mpol_relative_nodemask(&tmp, &pol->w.user_nodemask, nodes); pol->v.preferred_node = first_node(tmp); } else if (!(pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) { pol->v.preferred_node = node_remap(pol->v.preferred_node, pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed, *nodes); pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed = *nodes; } } /* * mpol_rebind_policy - Migrate a policy to a different set of nodes * * Per-vma policies are protected by mmap_lock. Allocations using per-task * policies are protected by task->mems_allowed_seq to prevent a premature * OOM/allocation failure due to parallel nodemask modification. */ static void mpol_rebind_policy(struct mempolicy *pol, const nodemask_t *newmask) { if (!pol) return; if (!mpol_store_user_nodemask(pol) && !(pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) && nodes_equal(pol->w.cpuset_mems_allowed, *newmask)) return; mpol_ops[pol->mode].rebind(pol, newmask); } /* * Wrapper for mpol_rebind_policy() that just requires task * pointer, and updates task mempolicy. * * Called with task's alloc_lock held. */ void mpol_rebind_task(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *new) { mpol_rebind_policy(tsk->mempolicy, new); } /* * Rebind each vma in mm to new nodemask. * * Call holding a reference to mm. Takes mm->mmap_lock during call. */ void mpol_rebind_mm(struct mm_struct *mm, nodemask_t *new) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; mmap_write_lock(mm); for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) mpol_rebind_policy(vma->vm_policy, new); mmap_write_unlock(mm); } static const struct mempolicy_operations mpol_ops[MPOL_MAX] = { [MPOL_DEFAULT] = { .rebind = mpol_rebind_default, }, [MPOL_INTERLEAVE] = { .create = mpol_new_interleave, .rebind = mpol_rebind_nodemask, }, [MPOL_PREFERRED] = { .create = mpol_new_preferred, .rebind = mpol_rebind_preferred, }, [MPOL_BIND] = { .create = mpol_new_bind, .rebind = mpol_rebind_nodemask, }, }; static int migrate_page_add(struct page *page, struct list_head *pagelist, unsigned long flags); struct queue_pages { struct list_head *pagelist; unsigned long flags; nodemask_t *nmask; unsigned long start; unsigned long end; struct vm_area_struct *first; }; /* * Check if the page's nid is in qp->nmask. * * If MPOL_MF_INVERT is set in qp->flags, check if the nid is * in the invert of qp->nmask. */ static inline bool queue_pages_required(struct page *page, struct queue_pages *qp) { int nid = page_to_nid(page); unsigned long flags = qp->flags; return node_isset(nid, *qp->nmask) == !(flags & MPOL_MF_INVERT); } /* * queue_pages_pmd() has four possible return values: * 0 - pages are placed on the right node or queued successfully. * 1 - there is unmovable page, and MPOL_MF_MOVE* & MPOL_MF_STRICT were * specified. * 2 - THP was split. * -EIO - is migration entry or only MPOL_MF_STRICT was specified and an * existing page was already on a node that does not follow the * policy. */ static int queue_pages_pmd(pmd_t *pmd, spinlock_t *ptl, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) __releases(ptl) { int ret = 0; struct page *page; struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long flags; if (unlikely(is_pmd_migration_entry(*pmd))) { ret = -EIO; goto unlock; } page = pmd_page(*pmd); if (is_huge_zero_page(page)) { spin_unlock(ptl); __split_huge_pmd(walk->vma, pmd, addr, false, NULL); ret = 2; goto out; } if (!queue_pages_required(page, qp)) goto unlock; flags = qp->flags; /* go to thp migration */ if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL)) { if (!vma_migratable(walk->vma) || migrate_page_add(page, qp->pagelist, flags)) { ret = 1; goto unlock; } } else ret = -EIO; unlock: spin_unlock(ptl); out: return ret; } /* * Scan through pages checking if pages follow certain conditions, * and move them to the pagelist if they do. * * queue_pages_pte_range() has three possible return values: * 0 - pages are placed on the right node or queued successfully. * 1 - there is unmovable page, and MPOL_MF_MOVE* & MPOL_MF_STRICT were * specified. * -EIO - only MPOL_MF_STRICT was specified and an existing page was already * on a node that does not follow the policy. */ static int queue_pages_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma; struct page *page; struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long flags = qp->flags; int ret; bool has_unmovable = false; pte_t *pte, *mapped_pte; spinlock_t *ptl; ptl = pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma); if (ptl) { ret = queue_pages_pmd(pmd, ptl, addr, end, walk); if (ret != 2) return ret; } /* THP was split, fall through to pte walk */ if (pmd_trans_unstable(pmd)) return 0; mapped_pte = pte = pte_offset_map_lock(walk->mm, pmd, addr, &ptl); for (; addr != end; pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE) { if (!pte_present(*pte)) continue; page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, *pte); if (!page) continue; /* * vm_normal_page() filters out zero pages, but there might * still be PageReserved pages to skip, perhaps in a VDSO. */ if (PageReserved(page)) continue; if (!queue_pages_required(page, qp)) continue; if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL)) { /* MPOL_MF_STRICT must be specified if we get here */ if (!vma_migratable(vma)) { has_unmovable = true; break; } /* * Do not abort immediately since there may be * temporary off LRU pages in the range. Still * need migrate other LRU pages. */ if (migrate_page_add(page, qp->pagelist, flags)) has_unmovable = true; } else break; } pte_unmap_unlock(mapped_pte, ptl); cond_resched(); if (has_unmovable) return 1; return addr != end ? -EIO : 0; } static int queue_pages_hugetlb(pte_t *pte, unsigned long hmask, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) { int ret = 0; #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long flags = (qp->flags & MPOL_MF_VALID); struct page *page; spinlock_t *ptl; pte_t entry; ptl = huge_pte_lock(hstate_vma(walk->vma), walk->mm, pte); entry = huge_ptep_get(pte); if (!pte_present(entry)) goto unlock; page = pte_page(entry); if (!queue_pages_required(page, qp)) goto unlock; if (flags == MPOL_MF_STRICT) { /* * STRICT alone means only detecting misplaced page and no * need to further check other vma. */ ret = -EIO; goto unlock; } if (!vma_migratable(walk->vma)) { /* * Must be STRICT with MOVE*, otherwise .test_walk() have * stopped walking current vma. * Detecting misplaced page but allow migrating pages which * have been queued. */ ret = 1; goto unlock; } /* With MPOL_MF_MOVE, we migrate only unshared hugepage. */ if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL) || (flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE && page_mapcount(page) == 1)) { if (!isolate_huge_page(page, qp->pagelist) && (flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT)) /* * Failed to isolate page but allow migrating pages * which have been queued. */ ret = 1; } unlock: spin_unlock(ptl); #else BUG(); #endif return ret; } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * This is used to mark a range of virtual addresses to be inaccessible. * These are later cleared by a NUMA hinting fault. Depending on these * faults, pages may be migrated for better NUMA placement. * * This is assuming that NUMA faults are handled using PROT_NONE. If * an architecture makes a different choice, it will need further * changes to the core. */ unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { int nr_updated; nr_updated = change_protection(vma, addr, end, PAGE_NONE, MM_CP_PROT_NUMA); if (nr_updated) count_vm_numa_events(NUMA_PTE_UPDATES, nr_updated); return nr_updated; } #else static unsigned long change_prot_numa(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static int queue_pages_test_walk(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk) { struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma; struct queue_pages *qp = walk->private; unsigned long endvma = vma->vm_end; unsigned long flags = qp->flags; /* range check first */ VM_BUG_ON_VMA((vma->vm_start > start) || (vma->vm_end < end), vma); if (!qp->first) { qp->first = vma; if (!(flags & MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK) && (qp->start < vma->vm_start)) /* hole at head side of range */ return -EFAULT; } if (!(flags & MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK) && ((vma->vm_end < qp->end) && (!vma->vm_next || vma->vm_end < vma->vm_next->vm_start))) /* hole at middle or tail of range */ return -EFAULT; /* * Need check MPOL_MF_STRICT to return -EIO if possible * regardless of vma_migratable */ if (!vma_migratable(vma) && !(flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT)) return 1; if (endvma > end) endvma = end; if (flags & MPOL_MF_LAZY) { /* Similar to task_numa_work, skip inaccessible VMAs */ if (!is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) && vma_is_accessible(vma) && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP)) change_prot_numa(vma, start, endvma); return 1; } /* queue pages from current vma */ if (flags & MPOL_MF_VALID) return 0; return 1; } static const struct mm_walk_ops queue_pages_walk_ops = { .hugetlb_entry = queue_pages_hugetlb, .pmd_entry = queue_pages_pte_range, .test_walk = queue_pages_test_walk, }; /* * Walk through page tables and collect pages to be migrated. * * If pages found in a given range are on a set of nodes (determined by * @nodes and @flags,) it's isolated and queued to the pagelist which is * passed via @private. * * queue_pages_range() has three possible return values: * 1 - there is unmovable page, but MPOL_MF_MOVE* & MPOL_MF_STRICT were * specified. * 0 - queue pages successfully or no misplaced page. * errno - i.e. misplaced pages with MPOL_MF_STRICT specified (-EIO) or * memory range specified by nodemask and maxnode points outside * your accessible address space (-EFAULT) */ static int queue_pages_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, nodemask_t *nodes, unsigned long flags, struct list_head *pagelist) { int err; struct queue_pages qp = { .pagelist = pagelist, .flags = flags, .nmask = nodes, .start = start, .end = end, .first = NULL, }; err = walk_page_range(mm, start, end, &queue_pages_walk_ops, &qp); if (!qp.first) /* whole range in hole */ err = -EFAULT; return err; } /* * Apply policy to a single VMA * This must be called with the mmap_lock held for writing. */ static int vma_replace_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *pol) { int err; struct mempolicy *old; struct mempolicy *new; pr_debug("vma %lx-%lx/%lx vm_ops %p vm_file %p set_policy %p\n", vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, vma->vm_pgoff, vma->vm_ops, vma->vm_file, vma->vm_ops ? vma->vm_ops->set_policy : NULL); new = mpol_dup(pol); if (IS_ERR(new)) return PTR_ERR(new); if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->set_policy) { err = vma->vm_ops->set_policy(vma, new); if (err) goto err_out; } old = vma->vm_policy; vma->vm_policy = new; /* protected by mmap_lock */ mpol_put(old); return 0; err_out: mpol_put(new); return err; } /* Step 2: apply policy to a range and do splits. */ static int mbind_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mempolicy *new_pol) { struct vm_area_struct *next; struct vm_area_struct *prev; struct vm_area_struct *vma; int err = 0; pgoff_t pgoff; unsigned long vmstart; unsigned long vmend; vma = find_vma(mm, start); VM_BUG_ON(!vma); prev = vma->vm_prev; if (start > vma->vm_start) prev = vma; for (; vma && vma->vm_start < end; prev = vma, vma = next) { next = vma->vm_next; vmstart = max(start, vma->vm_start); vmend = min(end, vma->vm_end); if (mpol_equal(vma_policy(vma), new_pol)) continue; pgoff = vma->vm_pgoff + ((vmstart - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT); prev = vma_merge(mm, prev, vmstart, vmend, vma->vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, vma->vm_file, pgoff, new_pol, vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx); if (prev) { vma = prev; next = vma->vm_next; if (mpol_equal(vma_policy(vma), new_pol)) continue; /* vma_merge() joined vma && vma->next, case 8 */ goto replace; } if (vma->vm_start != vmstart) { err = split_vma(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmstart, 1); if (err) goto out; } if (vma->vm_end != vmend) { err = split_vma(vma->vm_mm, vma, vmend, 0); if (err) goto out; } replace: err = vma_replace_policy(vma, new_pol); if (err) goto out; } out: return err; } /* Set the process memory policy */ static long do_set_mempolicy(unsigned short mode, unsigned short flags, nodemask_t *nodes) { struct mempolicy *new, *old; NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); int ret; if (!scratch) return -ENOMEM; new = mpol_new(mode, flags, nodes); if (IS_ERR(new)) { ret = PTR_ERR(new); goto out; } ret = mpol_set_nodemask(new, nodes, scratch); if (ret) { mpol_put(new); goto out; } task_lock(current); old = current->mempolicy; current->mempolicy = new; if (new && new->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) current->il_prev = MAX_NUMNODES-1; task_unlock(current); mpol_put(old); ret = 0; out: NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); return ret; } /* * Return nodemask for policy for get_mempolicy() query * * Called with task's alloc_lock held */ static void get_policy_nodemask(struct mempolicy *p, nodemask_t *nodes) { nodes_clear(*nodes); if (p == &default_policy) return; switch (p->mode) { case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: *nodes = p->v.nodes; break; case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (!(p->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) node_set(p->v.preferred_node, *nodes); /* else return empty node mask for local allocation */ break; default: BUG(); } } static int lookup_node(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr) { struct page *p = NULL; int err; int locked = 1; err = get_user_pages_locked(addr & PAGE_MASK, 1, 0, &p, &locked); if (err > 0) { err = page_to_nid(p); put_page(p); } if (locked) mmap_read_unlock(mm); return err; } /* Retrieve NUMA policy */ static long do_get_mempolicy(int *policy, nodemask_t *nmask, unsigned long addr, unsigned long flags) { int err; struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL; struct mempolicy *pol = current->mempolicy, *pol_refcount = NULL; if (flags & ~(unsigned long)(MPOL_F_NODE|MPOL_F_ADDR|MPOL_F_MEMS_ALLOWED)) return -EINVAL; if (flags & MPOL_F_MEMS_ALLOWED) { if (flags & (MPOL_F_NODE|MPOL_F_ADDR)) return -EINVAL; *policy = 0; /* just so it's initialized */ task_lock(current); *nmask = cpuset_current_mems_allowed; task_unlock(current); return 0; } if (flags & MPOL_F_ADDR) { /* * Do NOT fall back to task policy if the * vma/shared policy at addr is NULL. We * want to return MPOL_DEFAULT in this case. */ mmap_read_lock(mm); vma = find_vma_intersection(mm, addr, addr+1); if (!vma) { mmap_read_unlock(mm); return -EFAULT; } if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy) pol = vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, addr); else pol = vma->vm_policy; } else if (addr) return -EINVAL; if (!pol) pol = &default_policy; /* indicates default behavior */ if (flags & MPOL_F_NODE) { if (flags & MPOL_F_ADDR) { /* * Take a refcount on the mpol, lookup_node() * wil drop the mmap_lock, so after calling * lookup_node() only "pol" remains valid, "vma" * is stale. */ pol_refcount = pol; vma = NULL; mpol_get(pol); err = lookup_node(mm, addr); if (err < 0) goto out; *policy = err; } else if (pol == current->mempolicy && pol->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) { *policy = next_node_in(current->il_prev, pol->v.nodes); } else { err = -EINVAL; goto out; } } else { *policy = pol == &default_policy ? MPOL_DEFAULT : pol->mode; /* * Internal mempolicy flags must be masked off before exposing * the policy to userspace. */ *policy |= (pol->flags & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS); } err = 0; if (nmask) { if (mpol_store_user_nodemask(pol)) { *nmask = pol->w.user_nodemask; } else { task_lock(current); get_policy_nodemask(pol, nmask); task_unlock(current); } } out: mpol_cond_put(pol); if (vma) mmap_read_unlock(mm); if (pol_refcount) mpol_put(pol_refcount); return err; } #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION /* * page migration, thp tail pages can be passed. */ static int migrate_page_add(struct page *page, struct list_head *pagelist, unsigned long flags) { struct page *head = compound_head(page); /* * Avoid migrating a page that is shared with others. */ if ((flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL) || page_mapcount(head) == 1) { if (!isolate_lru_page(head)) { list_add_tail(&head->lru, pagelist); mod_node_page_state(page_pgdat(head), NR_ISOLATED_ANON + page_is_file_lru(head), thp_nr_pages(head)); } else if (flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT) { /* * Non-movable page may reach here. And, there may be * temporary off LRU pages or non-LRU movable pages. * Treat them as unmovable pages since they can't be * isolated, so they can't be moved at the moment. It * should return -EIO for this case too. */ return -EIO; } } return 0; } /* * Migrate pages from one node to a target node. * Returns error or the number of pages not migrated. */ static int migrate_to_node(struct mm_struct *mm, int source, int dest, int flags) { nodemask_t nmask; LIST_HEAD(pagelist); int err = 0; struct migration_target_control mtc = { .nid = dest, .gfp_mask = GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE | __GFP_THISNODE, }; nodes_clear(nmask); node_set(source, nmask); /* * This does not "check" the range but isolates all pages that * need migration. Between passing in the full user address * space range and MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK, this call can not fail. */ VM_BUG_ON(!(flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL))); queue_pages_range(mm, mm->mmap->vm_start, mm->task_size, &nmask, flags | MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK, &pagelist); if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) { err = migrate_pages(&pagelist, alloc_migration_target, NULL, (unsigned long)&mtc, MIGRATE_SYNC, MR_SYSCALL); if (err) putback_movable_pages(&pagelist); } return err; } /* * Move pages between the two nodesets so as to preserve the physical * layout as much as possible. * * Returns the number of page that could not be moved. */ int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags) { int busy = 0; int err; nodemask_t tmp; err = migrate_prep(); if (err) return err; mmap_read_lock(mm); /* * Find a 'source' bit set in 'tmp' whose corresponding 'dest' * bit in 'to' is not also set in 'tmp'. Clear the found 'source' * bit in 'tmp', and return that <source, dest> pair for migration. * The pair of nodemasks 'to' and 'from' define the map. * * If no pair of bits is found that way, fallback to picking some * pair of 'source' and 'dest' bits that are not the same. If the * 'source' and 'dest' bits are the same, this represents a node * that will be migrating to itself, so no pages need move. * * If no bits are left in 'tmp', or if all remaining bits left * in 'tmp' correspond to the same bit in 'to', return false * (nothing left to migrate). * * This lets us pick a pair of nodes to migrate between, such that * if possible the dest node is not already occupied by some other * source node, minimizing the risk of overloading the memory on a * node that would happen if we migrated incoming memory to a node * before migrating outgoing memory source that same node. * * A single scan of tmp is sufficient. As we go, we remember the * most recent <s, d> pair that moved (s != d). If we find a pair * that not only moved, but what's better, moved to an empty slot * (d is not set in tmp), then we break out then, with that pair. * Otherwise when we finish scanning from_tmp, we at least have the * most recent <s, d> pair that moved. If we get all the way through * the scan of tmp without finding any node that moved, much less * moved to an empty node, then there is nothing left worth migrating. */ tmp = *from; while (!nodes_empty(tmp)) { int s,d; int source = NUMA_NO_NODE; int dest = 0; for_each_node_mask(s, tmp) { /* * do_migrate_pages() tries to maintain the relative * node relationship of the pages established between * threads and memory areas. * * However if the number of source nodes is not equal to * the number of destination nodes we can not preserve * this node relative relationship. In that case, skip * copying memory from a node that is in the destination * mask. * * Example: [2,3,4] -> [3,4,5] moves everything. * [0-7] - > [3,4,5] moves only 0,1,2,6,7. */ if ((nodes_weight(*from) != nodes_weight(*to)) && (node_isset(s, *to))) continue; d = node_remap(s, *from, *to); if (s == d) continue; source = s; /* Node moved. Memorize */ dest = d; /* dest not in remaining from nodes? */ if (!node_isset(dest, tmp)) break; } if (source == NUMA_NO_NODE) break; node_clear(source, tmp); err = migrate_to_node(mm, source, dest, flags); if (err > 0) busy += err; if (err < 0) break; } mmap_read_unlock(mm); if (err < 0) return err; return busy; } /* * Allocate a new page for page migration based on vma policy. * Start by assuming the page is mapped by the same vma as contains @start. * Search forward from there, if not. N.B., this assumes that the * list of pages handed to migrate_pages()--which is how we get here-- * is in virtual address order. */ static struct page *new_page(struct page *page, unsigned long start) { struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long address; vma = find_vma(current->mm, start); while (vma) { address = page_address_in_vma(page, vma); if (address != -EFAULT) break; vma = vma->vm_next; } if (PageHuge(page)) { return alloc_huge_page_vma(page_hstate(compound_head(page)), vma, address); } else if (PageTransHuge(page)) { struct page *thp; thp = alloc_hugepage_vma(GFP_TRANSHUGE, vma, address, HPAGE_PMD_ORDER); if (!thp) return NULL; prep_transhuge_page(thp); return thp; } /* * if !vma, alloc_page_vma() will use task or system default policy */ return alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE | __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL, vma, address); } #else static int migrate_page_add(struct page *page, struct list_head *pagelist, unsigned long flags) { return -EIO; } int do_migrate_pages(struct mm_struct *mm, const nodemask_t *from, const nodemask_t *to, int flags) { return -ENOSYS; } static struct page *new_page(struct page *page, unsigned long start) { return NULL; } #endif static long do_mbind(unsigned long start, unsigned long len, unsigned short mode, unsigned short mode_flags, nodemask_t *nmask, unsigned long flags) { struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm; struct mempolicy *new; unsigned long end; int err; int ret; LIST_HEAD(pagelist); if (flags & ~(unsigned long)MPOL_MF_VALID) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL) && !capable(CAP_SYS_NICE)) return -EPERM; if (start & ~PAGE_MASK) return -EINVAL; if (mode == MPOL_DEFAULT) flags &= ~MPOL_MF_STRICT; len = (len + PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK; end = start + len; if (end < start) return -EINVAL; if (end == start) return 0; new = mpol_new(mode, mode_flags, nmask); if (IS_ERR(new)) return PTR_ERR(new); if (flags & MPOL_MF_LAZY) new->flags |= MPOL_F_MOF; /* * If we are using the default policy then operation * on discontinuous address spaces is okay after all */ if (!new) flags |= MPOL_MF_DISCONTIG_OK; pr_debug("mbind %lx-%lx mode:%d flags:%d nodes:%lx\n", start, start + len, mode, mode_flags, nmask ? nodes_addr(*nmask)[0] : NUMA_NO_NODE); if (flags & (MPOL_MF_MOVE | MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL)) { err = migrate_prep(); if (err) goto mpol_out; } { NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); if (scratch) { mmap_write_lock(mm); err = mpol_set_nodemask(new, nmask, scratch); if (err) mmap_write_unlock(mm); } else err = -ENOMEM; NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); } if (err) goto mpol_out; ret = queue_pages_range(mm, start, end, nmask, flags | MPOL_MF_INVERT, &pagelist); if (ret < 0) { err = ret; goto up_out; } err = mbind_range(mm, start, end, new); if (!err) { int nr_failed = 0; if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) { WARN_ON_ONCE(flags & MPOL_MF_LAZY); nr_failed = migrate_pages(&pagelist, new_page, NULL, start, MIGRATE_SYNC, MR_MEMPOLICY_MBIND); if (nr_failed) putback_movable_pages(&pagelist); } if ((ret > 0) || (nr_failed && (flags & MPOL_MF_STRICT))) err = -EIO; } else { up_out: if (!list_empty(&pagelist)) putback_movable_pages(&pagelist); } mmap_write_unlock(mm); mpol_out: mpol_put(new); return err; } /* * User space interface with variable sized bitmaps for nodelists. */ /* Copy a node mask from user space. */ static int get_nodes(nodemask_t *nodes, const unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode) { unsigned long k; unsigned long t; unsigned long nlongs; unsigned long endmask; --maxnode; nodes_clear(*nodes); if (maxnode == 0 || !nmask) return 0; if (maxnode > PAGE_SIZE*BITS_PER_BYTE) return -EINVAL; nlongs = BITS_TO_LONGS(maxnode); if ((maxnode % BITS_PER_LONG) == 0) endmask = ~0UL; else endmask = (1UL << (maxnode % BITS_PER_LONG)) - 1; /* * When the user specified more nodes than supported just check * if the non supported part is all zero. * * If maxnode have more longs than MAX_NUMNODES, check * the bits in that area first. And then go through to * check the rest bits which equal or bigger than MAX_NUMNODES. * Otherwise, just check bits [MAX_NUMNODES, maxnode). */ if (nlongs > BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES)) { for (k = BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES); k < nlongs; k++) { if (get_user(t, nmask + k)) return -EFAULT; if (k == nlongs - 1) { if (t & endmask) return -EINVAL; } else if (t) return -EINVAL; } nlongs = BITS_TO_LONGS(MAX_NUMNODES); endmask = ~0UL; } if (maxnode > MAX_NUMNODES && MAX_NUMNODES % BITS_PER_LONG != 0) { unsigned long valid_mask = endmask; valid_mask &= ~((1UL << (MAX_NUMNODES % BITS_PER_LONG)) - 1); if (get_user(t, nmask + nlongs - 1)) return -EFAULT; if (t & valid_mask) return -EINVAL; } if (copy_from_user(nodes_addr(*nodes), nmask, nlongs*sizeof(unsigned long))) return -EFAULT; nodes_addr(*nodes)[nlongs-1] &= endmask; return 0; } /* Copy a kernel node mask to user space */ static int copy_nodes_to_user(unsigned long __user *mask, unsigned long maxnode, nodemask_t *nodes) { unsigned long copy = ALIGN(maxnode-1, 64) / 8; unsigned int nbytes = BITS_TO_LONGS(nr_node_ids) * sizeof(long); if (copy > nbytes) { if (copy > PAGE_SIZE) return -EINVAL; if (clear_user((char __user *)mask + nbytes, copy - nbytes)) return -EFAULT; copy = nbytes; } return copy_to_user(mask, nodes_addr(*nodes), copy) ? -EFAULT : 0; } static long kernel_mbind(unsigned long start, unsigned long len, unsigned long mode, const unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode, unsigned int flags) { nodemask_t nodes; int err; unsigned short mode_flags; start = untagged_addr(start); mode_flags = mode & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; mode &= ~MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; if (mode >= MPOL_MAX) return -EINVAL; if ((mode_flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) && (mode_flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES)) return -EINVAL; err = get_nodes(&nodes, nmask, maxnode); if (err) return err; return do_mbind(start, len, mode, mode_flags, &nodes, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mbind, unsigned long, start, unsigned long, len, unsigned long, mode, const unsigned long __user *, nmask, unsigned long, maxnode, unsigned int, flags) { return kernel_mbind(start, len, mode, nmask, maxnode, flags); } /* Set the process memory policy */ static long kernel_set_mempolicy(int mode, const unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode) { int err; nodemask_t nodes; unsigned short flags; flags = mode & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; mode &= ~MPOL_MODE_FLAGS; if ((unsigned int)mode >= MPOL_MAX) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) && (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES)) return -EINVAL; err = get_nodes(&nodes, nmask, maxnode); if (err) return err; return do_set_mempolicy(mode, flags, &nodes); } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(set_mempolicy, int, mode, const unsigned long __user *, nmask, unsigned long, maxnode) { return kernel_set_mempolicy(mode, nmask, maxnode); } static int kernel_migrate_pages(pid_t pid, unsigned long maxnode, const unsigned long __user *old_nodes, const unsigned long __user *new_nodes) { struct mm_struct *mm = NULL; struct task_struct *task; nodemask_t task_nodes; int err; nodemask_t *old; nodemask_t *new; NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); if (!scratch) return -ENOMEM; old = &scratch->mask1; new = &scratch->mask2; err = get_nodes(old, old_nodes, maxnode); if (err) goto out; err = get_nodes(new, new_nodes, maxnode); if (err) goto out; /* Find the mm_struct */ rcu_read_lock(); task = pid ? find_task_by_vpid(pid) : current; if (!task) { rcu_read_unlock(); err = -ESRCH; goto out; } get_task_struct(task); err = -EINVAL; /* * Check if this process has the right to modify the specified process. * Use the regular "ptrace_may_access()" checks. */ if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_REALCREDS)) { rcu_read_unlock(); err = -EPERM; goto out_put; } rcu_read_unlock(); task_nodes = cpuset_mems_allowed(task); /* Is the user allowed to access the target nodes? */ if (!nodes_subset(*new, task_nodes) && !capable(CAP_SYS_NICE)) { err = -EPERM; goto out_put; } task_nodes = cpuset_mems_allowed(current); nodes_and(*new, *new, task_nodes); if (nodes_empty(*new)) goto out_put; err = security_task_movememory(task); if (err) goto out_put; mm = get_task_mm(task); put_task_struct(task); if (!mm) { err = -EINVAL; goto out; } err = do_migrate_pages(mm, old, new, capable(CAP_SYS_NICE) ? MPOL_MF_MOVE_ALL : MPOL_MF_MOVE); mmput(mm); out: NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); return err; out_put: put_task_struct(task); goto out; } SYSCALL_DEFINE4(migrate_pages, pid_t, pid, unsigned long, maxnode, const unsigned long __user *, old_nodes, const unsigned long __user *, new_nodes) { return kernel_migrate_pages(pid, maxnode, old_nodes, new_nodes); } /* Retrieve NUMA policy */ static int kernel_get_mempolicy(int __user *policy, unsigned long __user *nmask, unsigned long maxnode, unsigned long addr, unsigned long flags) { int err; int pval; nodemask_t nodes; if (nmask != NULL && maxnode < nr_node_ids) return -EINVAL; addr = untagged_addr(addr); err = do_get_mempolicy(&pval, &nodes, addr, flags); if (err) return err; if (policy && put_user(pval, policy)) return -EFAULT; if (nmask) err = copy_nodes_to_user(nmask, maxnode, &nodes); return err; } SYSCALL_DEFINE5(get_mempolicy, int __user *, policy, unsigned long __user *, nmask, unsigned long, maxnode, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, flags) { return kernel_get_mempolicy(policy, nmask, maxnode, addr, flags); } #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE5(get_mempolicy, int __user *, policy, compat_ulong_t __user *, nmask, compat_ulong_t, maxnode, compat_ulong_t, addr, compat_ulong_t, flags) { long err; unsigned long __user *nm = NULL; unsigned long nr_bits, alloc_size; DECLARE_BITMAP(bm, MAX_NUMNODES); nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode-1, nr_node_ids); alloc_size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (nmask) nm = compat_alloc_user_space(alloc_size); err = kernel_get_mempolicy(policy, nm, nr_bits+1, addr, flags); if (!err && nmask) { unsigned long copy_size; copy_size = min_t(unsigned long, sizeof(bm), alloc_size); err = copy_from_user(bm, nm, copy_size); /* ensure entire bitmap is zeroed */ err |= clear_user(nmask, ALIGN(maxnode-1, 8) / 8); err |= compat_put_bitmap(nmask, bm, nr_bits); } return err; } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE3(set_mempolicy, int, mode, compat_ulong_t __user *, nmask, compat_ulong_t, maxnode) { unsigned long __user *nm = NULL; unsigned long nr_bits, alloc_size; DECLARE_BITMAP(bm, MAX_NUMNODES); nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode-1, MAX_NUMNODES); alloc_size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (nmask) { if (compat_get_bitmap(bm, nmask, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; nm = compat_alloc_user_space(alloc_size); if (copy_to_user(nm, bm, alloc_size)) return -EFAULT; } return kernel_set_mempolicy(mode, nm, nr_bits+1); } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mbind, compat_ulong_t, start, compat_ulong_t, len, compat_ulong_t, mode, compat_ulong_t __user *, nmask, compat_ulong_t, maxnode, compat_ulong_t, flags) { unsigned long __user *nm = NULL; unsigned long nr_bits, alloc_size; nodemask_t bm; nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode-1, MAX_NUMNODES); alloc_size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (nmask) { if (compat_get_bitmap(nodes_addr(bm), nmask, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; nm = compat_alloc_user_space(alloc_size); if (copy_to_user(nm, nodes_addr(bm), alloc_size)) return -EFAULT; } return kernel_mbind(start, len, mode, nm, nr_bits+1, flags); } COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(migrate_pages, compat_pid_t, pid, compat_ulong_t, maxnode, const compat_ulong_t __user *, old_nodes, const compat_ulong_t __user *, new_nodes) { unsigned long __user *old = NULL; unsigned long __user *new = NULL; nodemask_t tmp_mask; unsigned long nr_bits; unsigned long size; nr_bits = min_t(unsigned long, maxnode - 1, MAX_NUMNODES); size = ALIGN(nr_bits, BITS_PER_LONG) / 8; if (old_nodes) { if (compat_get_bitmap(nodes_addr(tmp_mask), old_nodes, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; old = compat_alloc_user_space(new_nodes ? size * 2 : size); if (new_nodes) new = old + size / sizeof(unsigned long); if (copy_to_user(old, nodes_addr(tmp_mask), size)) return -EFAULT; } if (new_nodes) { if (compat_get_bitmap(nodes_addr(tmp_mask), new_nodes, nr_bits)) return -EFAULT; if (new == NULL) new = compat_alloc_user_space(size); if (copy_to_user(new, nodes_addr(tmp_mask), size)) return -EFAULT; } return kernel_migrate_pages(pid, nr_bits + 1, old, new); } #endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */ bool vma_migratable(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_IO | VM_PFNMAP)) return false; /* * DAX device mappings require predictable access latency, so avoid * incurring periodic faults. */ if (vma_is_dax(vma)) return false; if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) && !hugepage_migration_supported(hstate_vma(vma))) return false; /* * Migration allocates pages in the highest zone. If we cannot * do so then migration (at least from node to node) is not * possible. */ if (vma->vm_file && gfp_zone(mapping_gfp_mask(vma->vm_file->f_mapping)) < policy_zone) return false; return true; } struct mempolicy *__get_vma_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct mempolicy *pol = NULL; if (vma) { if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy) { pol = vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, addr); } else if (vma->vm_policy) { pol = vma->vm_policy; /* * shmem_alloc_page() passes MPOL_F_SHARED policy with * a pseudo vma whose vma->vm_ops=NULL. Take a reference * count on these policies which will be dropped by * mpol_cond_put() later */ if (mpol_needs_cond_ref(pol)) mpol_get(pol); } } return pol; } /* * get_vma_policy(@vma, @addr) * @vma: virtual memory area whose policy is sought * @addr: address in @vma for shared policy lookup * * Returns effective policy for a VMA at specified address. * Falls back to current->mempolicy or system default policy, as necessary. * Shared policies [those marked as MPOL_F_SHARED] require an extra reference * count--added by the get_policy() vm_op, as appropriate--to protect against * freeing by another task. It is the caller's responsibility to free the * extra reference for shared policies. */ static struct mempolicy *get_vma_policy(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct mempolicy *pol = __get_vma_policy(vma, addr); if (!pol) pol = get_task_policy(current); return pol; } bool vma_policy_mof(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { struct mempolicy *pol; if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->get_policy) { bool ret = false; pol = vma->vm_ops->get_policy(vma, vma->vm_start); if (pol && (pol->flags & MPOL_F_MOF)) ret = true; mpol_cond_put(pol); return ret; } pol = vma->vm_policy; if (!pol) pol = get_task_policy(current); return pol->flags & MPOL_F_MOF; } static int apply_policy_zone(struct mempolicy *policy, enum zone_type zone) { enum zone_type dynamic_policy_zone = policy_zone; BUG_ON(dynamic_policy_zone == ZONE_MOVABLE); /* * if policy->v.nodes has movable memory only, * we apply policy when gfp_zone(gfp) = ZONE_MOVABLE only. * * policy->v.nodes is intersect with node_states[N_MEMORY]. * so if the following test faile, it implies * policy->v.nodes has movable memory only. */ if (!nodes_intersects(policy->v.nodes, node_states[N_HIGH_MEMORY])) dynamic_policy_zone = ZONE_MOVABLE; return zone >= dynamic_policy_zone; } /* * Return a nodemask representing a mempolicy for filtering nodes for * page allocation */ nodemask_t *policy_nodemask(gfp_t gfp, struct mempolicy *policy) { /* Lower zones don't get a nodemask applied for MPOL_BIND */ if (unlikely(policy->mode == MPOL_BIND) && apply_policy_zone(policy, gfp_zone(gfp)) && cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(&policy->v.nodes)) return &policy->v.nodes; return NULL; } /* Return the node id preferred by the given mempolicy, or the given id */ static int policy_node(gfp_t gfp, struct mempolicy *policy, int nd) { if (policy->mode == MPOL_PREFERRED && !(policy->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) nd = policy->v.preferred_node; else { /* * __GFP_THISNODE shouldn't even be used with the bind policy * because we might easily break the expectation to stay on the * requested node and not break the policy. */ WARN_ON_ONCE(policy->mode == MPOL_BIND && (gfp & __GFP_THISNODE)); } return nd; } /* Do dynamic interleaving for a process */ static unsigned interleave_nodes(struct mempolicy *policy) { unsigned next; struct task_struct *me = current; next = next_node_in(me->il_prev, policy->v.nodes); if (next < MAX_NUMNODES) me->il_prev = next; return next; } /* * Depending on the memory policy provide a node from which to allocate the * next slab entry. */ unsigned int mempolicy_slab_node(void) { struct mempolicy *policy; int node = numa_mem_id(); if (in_interrupt()) return node; policy = current->mempolicy; if (!policy || policy->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) return node; switch (policy->mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* * handled MPOL_F_LOCAL above */ return policy->v.preferred_node; case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: return interleave_nodes(policy); case MPOL_BIND: { struct zoneref *z; /* * Follow bind policy behavior and start allocation at the * first node. */ struct zonelist *zonelist; enum zone_type highest_zoneidx = gfp_zone(GFP_KERNEL); zonelist = &NODE_DATA(node)->node_zonelists[ZONELIST_FALLBACK]; z = first_zones_zonelist(zonelist, highest_zoneidx, &policy->v.nodes); return z->zone ? zone_to_nid(z->zone) : node; } default: BUG(); } } /* * Do static interleaving for a VMA with known offset @n. Returns the n'th * node in pol->v.nodes (starting from n=0), wrapping around if n exceeds the * number of present nodes. */ static unsigned offset_il_node(struct mempolicy *pol, unsigned long n) { unsigned nnodes = nodes_weight(pol->v.nodes); unsigned target; int i; int nid; if (!nnodes) return numa_node_id(); target = (unsigned int)n % nnodes; nid = first_node(pol->v.nodes); for (i = 0; i < target; i++) nid = next_node(nid, pol->v.nodes); return nid; } /* Determine a node number for interleave */ static inline unsigned interleave_nid(struct mempolicy *pol, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int shift) { if (vma) { unsigned long off; /* * for small pages, there is no difference between * shift and PAGE_SHIFT, so the bit-shift is safe. * for huge pages, since vm_pgoff is in units of small * pages, we need to shift off the always 0 bits to get * a useful offset. */ BUG_ON(shift < PAGE_SHIFT); off = vma->vm_pgoff >> (shift - PAGE_SHIFT); off += (addr - vma->vm_start) >> shift; return offset_il_node(pol, off); } else return interleave_nodes(pol); } #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLBFS /* * huge_node(@vma, @addr, @gfp_flags, @mpol) * @vma: virtual memory area whose policy is sought * @addr: address in @vma for shared policy lookup and interleave policy * @gfp_flags: for requested zone * @mpol: pointer to mempolicy pointer for reference counted mempolicy * @nodemask: pointer to nodemask pointer for MPOL_BIND nodemask * * Returns a nid suitable for a huge page allocation and a pointer * to the struct mempolicy for conditional unref after allocation. * If the effective policy is 'BIND, returns a pointer to the mempolicy's * @nodemask for filtering the zonelist. * * Must be protected by read_mems_allowed_begin() */ int huge_node(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, gfp_t gfp_flags, struct mempolicy **mpol, nodemask_t **nodemask) { int nid; *mpol = get_vma_policy(vma, addr); *nodemask = NULL; /* assume !MPOL_BIND */ if (unlikely((*mpol)->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE)) { nid = interleave_nid(*mpol, vma, addr, huge_page_shift(hstate_vma(vma))); } else { nid = policy_node(gfp_flags, *mpol, numa_node_id()); if ((*mpol)->mode == MPOL_BIND) *nodemask = &(*mpol)->v.nodes; } return nid; } /* * init_nodemask_of_mempolicy * * If the current task's mempolicy is "default" [NULL], return 'false' * to indicate default policy. Otherwise, extract the policy nodemask * for 'bind' or 'interleave' policy into the argument nodemask, or * initialize the argument nodemask to contain the single node for * 'preferred' or 'local' policy and return 'true' to indicate presence * of non-default mempolicy. * * We don't bother with reference counting the mempolicy [mpol_get/put] * because the current task is examining it's own mempolicy and a task's * mempolicy is only ever changed by the task itself. * * N.B., it is the caller's responsibility to free a returned nodemask. */ bool init_nodemask_of_mempolicy(nodemask_t *mask) { struct mempolicy *mempolicy; int nid; if (!(mask && current->mempolicy)) return false; task_lock(current); mempolicy = current->mempolicy; switch (mempolicy->mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (mempolicy->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) nid = numa_node_id(); else nid = mempolicy->v.preferred_node; init_nodemask_of_node(mask, nid); break; case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: *mask = mempolicy->v.nodes; break; default: BUG(); } task_unlock(current); return true; } #endif /* * mempolicy_nodemask_intersects * * If tsk's mempolicy is "default" [NULL], return 'true' to indicate default * policy. Otherwise, check for intersection between mask and the policy * nodemask for 'bind' or 'interleave' policy. For 'perferred' or 'local' * policy, always return true since it may allocate elsewhere on fallback. * * Takes task_lock(tsk) to prevent freeing of its mempolicy. */ bool mempolicy_nodemask_intersects(struct task_struct *tsk, const nodemask_t *mask) { struct mempolicy *mempolicy; bool ret = true; if (!mask) return ret; task_lock(tsk); mempolicy = tsk->mempolicy; if (!mempolicy) goto out; switch (mempolicy->mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* * MPOL_PREFERRED and MPOL_F_LOCAL are only preferred nodes to * allocate from, they may fallback to other nodes when oom. * Thus, it's possible for tsk to have allocated memory from * nodes in mask. */ break; case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: ret = nodes_intersects(mempolicy->v.nodes, *mask); break; default: BUG(); } out: task_unlock(tsk); return ret; } /* Allocate a page in interleaved policy. Own path because it needs to do special accounting. */ static struct page *alloc_page_interleave(gfp_t gfp, unsigned order, unsigned nid) { struct page *page; page = __alloc_pages(gfp, order, nid); /* skip NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT counter update if numa stats is disabled */ if (!static_branch_likely(&vm_numa_stat_key)) return page; if (page && page_to_nid(page) == nid) { preempt_disable(); __inc_numa_state(page_zone(page), NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT); preempt_enable(); } return page; } /** * alloc_pages_vma - Allocate a page for a VMA. * * @gfp: * %GFP_USER user allocation. * %GFP_KERNEL kernel allocations, * %GFP_HIGHMEM highmem/user allocations, * %GFP_FS allocation should not call back into a file system. * %GFP_ATOMIC don't sleep. * * @order:Order of the GFP allocation. * @vma: Pointer to VMA or NULL if not available. * @addr: Virtual Address of the allocation. Must be inside the VMA. * @node: Which node to prefer for allocation (modulo policy). * @hugepage: for hugepages try only the preferred node if possible * * This function allocates a page from the kernel page pool and applies * a NUMA policy associated with the VMA or the current process. * When VMA is not NULL caller must read-lock the mmap_lock of the * mm_struct of the VMA to prevent it from going away. Should be used for * all allocations for pages that will be mapped into user space. Returns * NULL when no page can be allocated. */ struct page * alloc_pages_vma(gfp_t gfp, int order, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, int node, bool hugepage) { struct mempolicy *pol; struct page *page; int preferred_nid; nodemask_t *nmask; pol = get_vma_policy(vma, addr); if (pol->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) { unsigned nid; nid = interleave_nid(pol, vma, addr, PAGE_SHIFT + order); mpol_cond_put(pol); page = alloc_page_interleave(gfp, order, nid); goto out; } if (unlikely(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && hugepage)) { int hpage_node = node; /* * For hugepage allocation and non-interleave policy which * allows the current node (or other explicitly preferred * node) we only try to allocate from the current/preferred * node and don't fall back to other nodes, as the cost of * remote accesses would likely offset THP benefits. * * If the policy is interleave, or does not allow the current * node in its nodemask, we allocate the standard way. */ if (pol->mode == MPOL_PREFERRED && !(pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL)) hpage_node = pol->v.preferred_node; nmask = policy_nodemask(gfp, pol); if (!nmask || node_isset(hpage_node, *nmask)) { mpol_cond_put(pol); /* * First, try to allocate THP only on local node, but * don't reclaim unnecessarily, just compact. */ page = __alloc_pages_node(hpage_node, gfp | __GFP_THISNODE | __GFP_NORETRY, order); /* * If hugepage allocations are configured to always * synchronous compact or the vma has been madvised * to prefer hugepage backing, retry allowing remote * memory with both reclaim and compact as well. */ if (!page && (gfp & __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM)) page = __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp, order, hpage_node, nmask); goto out; } } nmask = policy_nodemask(gfp, pol); preferred_nid = policy_node(gfp, pol, node); page = __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp, order, preferred_nid, nmask); mpol_cond_put(pol); out: return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_pages_vma); /** * alloc_pages_current - Allocate pages. * * @gfp: * %GFP_USER user allocation, * %GFP_KERNEL kernel allocation, * %GFP_HIGHMEM highmem allocation, * %GFP_FS don't call back into a file system. * %GFP_ATOMIC don't sleep. * @order: Power of two of allocation size in pages. 0 is a single page. * * Allocate a page from the kernel page pool. When not in * interrupt context and apply the current process NUMA policy. * Returns NULL when no page can be allocated. */ struct page *alloc_pages_current(gfp_t gfp, unsigned order) { struct mempolicy *pol = &default_policy; struct page *page; if (!in_interrupt() && !(gfp & __GFP_THISNODE)) pol = get_task_policy(current); /* * No reference counting needed for current->mempolicy * nor system default_policy */ if (pol->mode == MPOL_INTERLEAVE) page = alloc_page_interleave(gfp, order, interleave_nodes(pol)); else page = __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp, order, policy_node(gfp, pol, numa_node_id()), policy_nodemask(gfp, pol)); return page; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(alloc_pages_current); int vma_dup_policy(struct vm_area_struct *src, struct vm_area_struct *dst) { struct mempolicy *pol = mpol_dup(vma_policy(src)); if (IS_ERR(pol)) return PTR_ERR(pol); dst->vm_policy = pol; return 0; } /* * If mpol_dup() sees current->cpuset == cpuset_being_rebound, then it * rebinds the mempolicy its copying by calling mpol_rebind_policy() * with the mems_allowed returned by cpuset_mems_allowed(). This * keeps mempolicies cpuset relative after its cpuset moves. See * further kernel/cpuset.c update_nodemask(). * * current's mempolicy may be rebinded by the other task(the task that changes * cpuset's mems), so we needn't do rebind work for current task. */ /* Slow path of a mempolicy duplicate */ struct mempolicy *__mpol_dup(struct mempolicy *old) { struct mempolicy *new = kmem_cache_alloc(policy_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!new) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* task's mempolicy is protected by alloc_lock */ if (old == current->mempolicy) { task_lock(current); *new = *old; task_unlock(current); } else *new = *old; if (current_cpuset_is_being_rebound()) { nodemask_t mems = cpuset_mems_allowed(current); mpol_rebind_policy(new, &mems); } atomic_set(&new->refcnt, 1); return new; } /* Slow path of a mempolicy comparison */ bool __mpol_equal(struct mempolicy *a, struct mempolicy *b) { if (!a || !b) return false; if (a->mode != b->mode) return false; if (a->flags != b->flags) return false; if (mpol_store_user_nodemask(a)) if (!nodes_equal(a->w.user_nodemask, b->w.user_nodemask)) return false; switch (a->mode) { case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: return !!nodes_equal(a->v.nodes, b->v.nodes); case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* a's ->flags is the same as b's */ if (a->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) return true; return a->v.preferred_node == b->v.preferred_node; default: BUG(); return false; } } /* * Shared memory backing store policy support. * * Remember policies even when nobody has shared memory mapped. * The policies are kept in Red-Black tree linked from the inode. * They are protected by the sp->lock rwlock, which should be held * for any accesses to the tree. */ /* * lookup first element intersecting start-end. Caller holds sp->lock for * reading or for writing */ static struct sp_node * sp_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { struct rb_node *n = sp->root.rb_node; while (n) { struct sp_node *p = rb_entry(n, struct sp_node, nd); if (start >= p->end) n = n->rb_right; else if (end <= p->start) n = n->rb_left; else break; } if (!n) return NULL; for (;;) { struct sp_node *w = NULL; struct rb_node *prev = rb_prev(n); if (!prev) break; w = rb_entry(prev, struct sp_node, nd); if (w->end <= start) break; n = prev; } return rb_entry(n, struct sp_node, nd); } /* * Insert a new shared policy into the list. Caller holds sp->lock for * writing. */ static void sp_insert(struct shared_policy *sp, struct sp_node *new) { struct rb_node **p = &sp->root.rb_node; struct rb_node *parent = NULL; struct sp_node *nd; while (*p) { parent = *p; nd = rb_entry(parent, struct sp_node, nd); if (new->start < nd->start) p = &(*p)->rb_left; else if (new->end > nd->end) p = &(*p)->rb_right; else BUG(); } rb_link_node(&new->nd, parent, p); rb_insert_color(&new->nd, &sp->root); pr_debug("inserting %lx-%lx: %d\n", new->start, new->end, new->policy ? new->policy->mode : 0); } /* Find shared policy intersecting idx */ struct mempolicy * mpol_shared_policy_lookup(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long idx) { struct mempolicy *pol = NULL; struct sp_node *sn; if (!sp->root.rb_node) return NULL; read_lock(&sp->lock); sn = sp_lookup(sp, idx, idx+1); if (sn) { mpol_get(sn->policy); pol = sn->policy; } read_unlock(&sp->lock); return pol; } static void sp_free(struct sp_node *n) { mpol_put(n->policy); kmem_cache_free(sn_cache, n); } /** * mpol_misplaced - check whether current page node is valid in policy * * @page: page to be checked * @vma: vm area where page mapped * @addr: virtual address where page mapped * * Lookup current policy node id for vma,addr and "compare to" page's * node id. * * Returns: * -1 - not misplaced, page is in the right node * node - node id where the page should be * * Policy determination "mimics" alloc_page_vma(). * Called from fault path where we know the vma and faulting address. */ int mpol_misplaced(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { struct mempolicy *pol; struct zoneref *z; int curnid = page_to_nid(page); unsigned long pgoff; int thiscpu = raw_smp_processor_id(); int thisnid = cpu_to_node(thiscpu); int polnid = NUMA_NO_NODE; int ret = -1; pol = get_vma_policy(vma, addr); if (!(pol->flags & MPOL_F_MOF)) goto out; switch (pol->mode) { case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: pgoff = vma->vm_pgoff; pgoff += (addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT; polnid = offset_il_node(pol, pgoff); break; case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) polnid = numa_node_id(); else polnid = pol->v.preferred_node; break; case MPOL_BIND: /* * allows binding to multiple nodes. * use current page if in policy nodemask, * else select nearest allowed node, if any. * If no allowed nodes, use current [!misplaced]. */ if (node_isset(curnid, pol->v.nodes)) goto out; z = first_zones_zonelist( node_zonelist(numa_node_id(), GFP_HIGHUSER), gfp_zone(GFP_HIGHUSER), &pol->v.nodes); polnid = zone_to_nid(z->zone); break; default: BUG(); } /* Migrate the page towards the node whose CPU is referencing it */ if (pol->flags & MPOL_F_MORON) { polnid = thisnid; if (!should_numa_migrate_memory(current, page, curnid, thiscpu)) goto out; } if (curnid != polnid) ret = polnid; out: mpol_cond_put(pol); return ret; } /* * Drop the (possibly final) reference to task->mempolicy. It needs to be * dropped after task->mempolicy is set to NULL so that any allocation done as * part of its kmem_cache_free(), such as by KASAN, doesn't reference a freed * policy. */ void mpol_put_task_policy(struct task_struct *task) { struct mempolicy *pol; task_lock(task); pol = task->mempolicy; task->mempolicy = NULL; task_unlock(task); mpol_put(pol); } static void sp_delete(struct shared_policy *sp, struct sp_node *n) { pr_debug("deleting %lx-l%lx\n", n->start, n->end); rb_erase(&n->nd, &sp->root); sp_free(n); } static void sp_node_init(struct sp_node *node, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mempolicy *pol) { node->start = start; node->end = end; node->policy = pol; } static struct sp_node *sp_alloc(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct mempolicy *pol) { struct sp_node *n; struct mempolicy *newpol; n = kmem_cache_alloc(sn_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!n) return NULL; newpol = mpol_dup(pol); if (IS_ERR(newpol)) { kmem_cache_free(sn_cache, n); return NULL; } newpol->flags |= MPOL_F_SHARED; sp_node_init(n, start, end, newpol); return n; } /* Replace a policy range. */ static int shared_policy_replace(struct shared_policy *sp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, struct sp_node *new) { struct sp_node *n; struct sp_node *n_new = NULL; struct mempolicy *mpol_new = NULL; int ret = 0; restart: write_lock(&sp->lock); n = sp_lookup(sp, start, end); /* Take care of old policies in the same range. */ while (n && n->start < end) { struct rb_node *next = rb_next(&n->nd); if (n->start >= start) { if (n->end <= end) sp_delete(sp, n); else n->start = end; } else { /* Old policy spanning whole new range. */ if (n->end > end) { if (!n_new) goto alloc_new; *mpol_new = *n->policy; atomic_set(&mpol_new->refcnt, 1); sp_node_init(n_new, end, n->end, mpol_new); n->end = start; sp_insert(sp, n_new); n_new = NULL; mpol_new = NULL; break; } else n->end = start; } if (!next) break; n = rb_entry(next, struct sp_node, nd); } if (new) sp_insert(sp, new); write_unlock(&sp->lock); ret = 0; err_out: if (mpol_new) mpol_put(mpol_new); if (n_new) kmem_cache_free(sn_cache, n_new); return ret; alloc_new: write_unlock(&sp->lock); ret = -ENOMEM; n_new = kmem_cache_alloc(sn_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!n_new) goto err_out; mpol_new = kmem_cache_alloc(policy_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (!mpol_new) goto err_out; goto restart; } /** * mpol_shared_policy_init - initialize shared policy for inode * @sp: pointer to inode shared policy * @mpol: struct mempolicy to install * * Install non-NULL @mpol in inode's shared policy rb-tree. * On entry, the current task has a reference on a non-NULL @mpol. * This must be released on exit. * This is called at get_inode() calls and we can use GFP_KERNEL. */ void mpol_shared_policy_init(struct shared_policy *sp, struct mempolicy *mpol) { int ret; sp->root = RB_ROOT; /* empty tree == default mempolicy */ rwlock_init(&sp->lock); if (mpol) { struct vm_area_struct pvma; struct mempolicy *new; NODEMASK_SCRATCH(scratch); if (!scratch) goto put_mpol; /* contextualize the tmpfs mount point mempolicy */ new = mpol_new(mpol->mode, mpol->flags, &mpol->w.user_nodemask); if (IS_ERR(new)) goto free_scratch; /* no valid nodemask intersection */ task_lock(current); ret = mpol_set_nodemask(new, &mpol->w.user_nodemask, scratch); task_unlock(current); if (ret) goto put_new; /* Create pseudo-vma that contains just the policy */ vma_init(&pvma, NULL); pvma.vm_end = TASK_SIZE; /* policy covers entire file */ mpol_set_shared_policy(sp, &pvma, new); /* adds ref */ put_new: mpol_put(new); /* drop initial ref */ free_scratch: NODEMASK_SCRATCH_FREE(scratch); put_mpol: mpol_put(mpol); /* drop our incoming ref on sb mpol */ } } int mpol_set_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *info, struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *npol) { int err; struct sp_node *new = NULL; unsigned long sz = vma_pages(vma); pr_debug("set_shared_policy %lx sz %lu %d %d %lx\n", vma->vm_pgoff, sz, npol ? npol->mode : -1, npol ? npol->flags : -1, npol ? nodes_addr(npol->v.nodes)[0] : NUMA_NO_NODE); if (npol) { new = sp_alloc(vma->vm_pgoff, vma->vm_pgoff + sz, npol); if (!new) return -ENOMEM; } err = shared_policy_replace(info, vma->vm_pgoff, vma->vm_pgoff+sz, new); if (err && new) sp_free(new); return err; } /* Free a backing policy store on inode delete. */ void mpol_free_shared_policy(struct shared_policy *p) { struct sp_node *n; struct rb_node *next; if (!p->root.rb_node) return; write_lock(&p->lock); next = rb_first(&p->root); while (next) { n = rb_entry(next, struct sp_node, nd); next = rb_next(&n->nd); sp_delete(p, n); } write_unlock(&p->lock); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING static int __initdata numabalancing_override; static void __init check_numabalancing_enable(void) { bool numabalancing_default = false; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING_DEFAULT_ENABLED)) numabalancing_default = true; /* Parsed by setup_numabalancing. override == 1 enables, -1 disables */ if (numabalancing_override) set_numabalancing_state(numabalancing_override == 1); if (num_online_nodes() > 1 && !numabalancing_override) { pr_info("%s automatic NUMA balancing. Configure with numa_balancing= or the kernel.numa_balancing sysctl\n", numabalancing_default ? "Enabling" : "Disabling"); set_numabalancing_state(numabalancing_default); } } static int __init setup_numabalancing(char *str) { int ret = 0; if (!str) goto out; if (!strcmp(str, "enable")) { numabalancing_override = 1; ret = 1; } else if (!strcmp(str, "disable")) { numabalancing_override = -1; ret = 1; } out: if (!ret) pr_warn("Unable to parse numa_balancing=\n"); return ret; } __setup("numa_balancing=", setup_numabalancing); #else static inline void __init check_numabalancing_enable(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ /* assumes fs == KERNEL_DS */ void __init numa_policy_init(void) { nodemask_t interleave_nodes; unsigned long largest = 0; int nid, prefer = 0; policy_cache = kmem_cache_create("numa_policy", sizeof(struct mempolicy), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); sn_cache = kmem_cache_create("shared_policy_node", sizeof(struct sp_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); for_each_node(nid) { preferred_node_policy[nid] = (struct mempolicy) { .refcnt = ATOMIC_INIT(1), .mode = MPOL_PREFERRED, .flags = MPOL_F_MOF | MPOL_F_MORON, .v = { .preferred_node = nid, }, }; } /* * Set interleaving policy for system init. Interleaving is only * enabled across suitably sized nodes (default is >= 16MB), or * fall back to the largest node if they're all smaller. */ nodes_clear(interleave_nodes); for_each_node_state(nid, N_MEMORY) { unsigned long total_pages = node_present_pages(nid); /* Preserve the largest node */ if (largest < total_pages) { largest = total_pages; prefer = nid; } /* Interleave this node? */ if ((total_pages << PAGE_SHIFT) >= (16 << 20)) node_set(nid, interleave_nodes); } /* All too small, use the largest */ if (unlikely(nodes_empty(interleave_nodes))) node_set(prefer, interleave_nodes); if (do_set_mempolicy(MPOL_INTERLEAVE, 0, &interleave_nodes)) pr_err("%s: interleaving failed\n", __func__); check_numabalancing_enable(); } /* Reset policy of current process to default */ void numa_default_policy(void) { do_set_mempolicy(MPOL_DEFAULT, 0, NULL); } /* * Parse and format mempolicy from/to strings */ /* * "local" is implemented internally by MPOL_PREFERRED with MPOL_F_LOCAL flag. */ static const char * const policy_modes[] = { [MPOL_DEFAULT] = "default", [MPOL_PREFERRED] = "prefer", [MPOL_BIND] = "bind", [MPOL_INTERLEAVE] = "interleave", [MPOL_LOCAL] = "local", }; #ifdef CONFIG_TMPFS /** * mpol_parse_str - parse string to mempolicy, for tmpfs mpol mount option. * @str: string containing mempolicy to parse * @mpol: pointer to struct mempolicy pointer, returned on success. * * Format of input: * <mode>[=<flags>][:<nodelist>] * * On success, returns 0, else 1 */ int mpol_parse_str(char *str, struct mempolicy **mpol) { struct mempolicy *new = NULL; unsigned short mode_flags; nodemask_t nodes; char *nodelist = strchr(str, ':'); char *flags = strchr(str, '='); int err = 1, mode; if (flags) *flags++ = '\0'; /* terminate mode string */ if (nodelist) { /* NUL-terminate mode or flags string */ *nodelist++ = '\0'; if (nodelist_parse(nodelist, nodes)) goto out; if (!nodes_subset(nodes, node_states[N_MEMORY])) goto out; } else nodes_clear(nodes); mode = match_string(policy_modes, MPOL_MAX, str); if (mode < 0) goto out; switch (mode) { case MPOL_PREFERRED: /* * Insist on a nodelist of one node only, although later * we use first_node(nodes) to grab a single node, so here * nodelist (or nodes) cannot be empty. */ if (nodelist) { char *rest = nodelist; while (isdigit(*rest)) rest++; if (*rest) goto out; if (nodes_empty(nodes)) goto out; } break; case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: /* * Default to online nodes with memory if no nodelist */ if (!nodelist) nodes = node_states[N_MEMORY]; break; case MPOL_LOCAL: /* * Don't allow a nodelist; mpol_new() checks flags */ if (nodelist) goto out; mode = MPOL_PREFERRED; break; case MPOL_DEFAULT: /* * Insist on a empty nodelist */ if (!nodelist) err = 0; goto out; case MPOL_BIND: /* * Insist on a nodelist */ if (!nodelist) goto out; } mode_flags = 0; if (flags) { /* * Currently, we only support two mutually exclusive * mode flags. */ if (!strcmp(flags, "static")) mode_flags |= MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES; else if (!strcmp(flags, "relative")) mode_flags |= MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES; else goto out; } new = mpol_new(mode, mode_flags, &nodes); if (IS_ERR(new)) goto out; /* * Save nodes for mpol_to_str() to show the tmpfs mount options * for /proc/mounts, /proc/pid/mounts and /proc/pid/mountinfo. */ if (mode != MPOL_PREFERRED) new->v.nodes = nodes; else if (nodelist) new->v.preferred_node = first_node(nodes); else new->flags |= MPOL_F_LOCAL; /* * Save nodes for contextualization: this will be used to "clone" * the mempolicy in a specific context [cpuset] at a later time. */ new->w.user_nodemask = nodes; err = 0; out: /* Restore string for error message */ if (nodelist) *--nodelist = ':'; if (flags) *--flags = '='; if (!err) *mpol = new; return err; } #endif /* CONFIG_TMPFS */ /** * mpol_to_str - format a mempolicy structure for printing * @buffer: to contain formatted mempolicy string * @maxlen: length of @buffer * @pol: pointer to mempolicy to be formatted * * Convert @pol into a string. If @buffer is too short, truncate the string. * Recommend a @maxlen of at least 32 for the longest mode, "interleave", the * longest flag, "relative", and to display at least a few node ids. */ void mpol_to_str(char *buffer, int maxlen, struct mempolicy *pol) { char *p = buffer; nodemask_t nodes = NODE_MASK_NONE; unsigned short mode = MPOL_DEFAULT; unsigned short flags = 0; if (pol && pol != &default_policy && !(pol->flags & MPOL_F_MORON)) { mode = pol->mode; flags = pol->flags; } switch (mode) { case MPOL_DEFAULT: break; case MPOL_PREFERRED: if (flags & MPOL_F_LOCAL) mode = MPOL_LOCAL; else node_set(pol->v.preferred_node, nodes); break; case MPOL_BIND: case MPOL_INTERLEAVE: nodes = pol->v.nodes; break; default: WARN_ON_ONCE(1); snprintf(p, maxlen, "unknown"); return; } p += snprintf(p, maxlen, "%s", policy_modes[mode]); if (flags & MPOL_MODE_FLAGS) { p += snprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, "="); /* * Currently, the only defined flags are mutually exclusive */ if (flags & MPOL_F_STATIC_NODES) p += snprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, "static"); else if (flags & MPOL_F_RELATIVE_NODES) p += snprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, "relative"); } if (!nodes_empty(nodes)) p += scnprintf(p, buffer + maxlen - p, ":%*pbl", nodemask_pr_args(&nodes)); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MMIOTRACE_H #define _LINUX_MMIOTRACE_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/list.h> struct kmmio_probe; struct pt_regs; typedef void (*kmmio_pre_handler_t)(struct kmmio_probe *, struct pt_regs *, unsigned long addr); typedef void (*kmmio_post_handler_t)(struct kmmio_probe *, unsigned long condition, struct pt_regs *); struct kmmio_probe { /* kmmio internal list: */ struct list_head list; /* start location of the probe point: */ unsigned long addr; /* length of the probe region: */ unsigned long len; /* Called before addr is executed: */ kmmio_pre_handler_t pre_handler; /* Called after addr is executed: */ kmmio_post_handler_t post_handler; void *private; }; extern unsigned int kmmio_count; extern int register_kmmio_probe(struct kmmio_probe *p); extern void unregister_kmmio_probe(struct kmmio_probe *p); extern int kmmio_init(void); extern void kmmio_cleanup(void); #ifdef CONFIG_MMIOTRACE /* kmmio is active by some kmmio_probes? */ static inline int is_kmmio_active(void) { return kmmio_count; } /* Called from page fault handler. */ extern int kmmio_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long addr); /* Called from ioremap.c */ extern void mmiotrace_ioremap(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size, void __iomem *addr); extern void mmiotrace_iounmap(volatile void __iomem *addr); /* For anyone to insert markers. Remember trailing newline. */ extern __printf(1, 2) int mmiotrace_printk(const char *fmt, ...); #else /* !CONFIG_MMIOTRACE: */ static inline int is_kmmio_active(void) { return 0; } static inline int kmmio_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long addr) { return 0; } static inline void mmiotrace_ioremap(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size, void __iomem *addr) { } static inline void mmiotrace_iounmap(volatile void __iomem *addr) { } static inline __printf(1, 2) int mmiotrace_printk(const char *fmt, ...) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_MMIOTRACE */ enum mm_io_opcode { MMIO_READ = 0x1, /* struct mmiotrace_rw */ MMIO_WRITE = 0x2, /* struct mmiotrace_rw */ MMIO_PROBE = 0x3, /* struct mmiotrace_map */ MMIO_UNPROBE = 0x4, /* struct mmiotrace_map */ MMIO_UNKNOWN_OP = 0x5, /* struct mmiotrace_rw */ }; struct mmiotrace_rw { resource_size_t phys; /* PCI address of register */ unsigned long value; unsigned long pc; /* optional program counter */ int map_id; unsigned char opcode; /* one of MMIO_{READ,WRITE,UNKNOWN_OP} */ unsigned char width; /* size of register access in bytes */ }; struct mmiotrace_map { resource_size_t phys; /* base address in PCI space */ unsigned long virt; /* base virtual address */ unsigned long len; /* mapping size */ int map_id; unsigned char opcode; /* MMIO_PROBE or MMIO_UNPROBE */ }; /* in kernel/trace/trace_mmiotrace.c */ extern void enable_mmiotrace(void); extern void disable_mmiotrace(void); extern void mmio_trace_rw(struct mmiotrace_rw *rw); extern void mmio_trace_mapping(struct mmiotrace_map *map); extern __printf(1, 0) int mmio_trace_printk(const char *fmt, va_list args); #endif /* _LINUX_MMIOTRACE_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/buffer_head.h * * Everything to do with buffer_heads. */ #ifndef _LINUX_BUFFER_HEAD_H #define _LINUX_BUFFER_HEAD_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK enum bh_state_bits { BH_Uptodate, /* Contains valid data */ BH_Dirty, /* Is dirty */ BH_Lock, /* Is locked */ BH_Req, /* Has been submitted for I/O */ BH_Mapped, /* Has a disk mapping */ BH_New, /* Disk mapping was newly created by get_block */ BH_Async_Read, /* Is under end_buffer_async_read I/O */ BH_Async_Write, /* Is under end_buffer_async_write I/O */ BH_Delay, /* Buffer is not yet allocated on disk */ BH_Boundary, /* Block is followed by a discontiguity */ BH_Write_EIO, /* I/O error on write */ BH_Unwritten, /* Buffer is allocated on disk but not written */ BH_Quiet, /* Buffer Error Prinks to be quiet */ BH_Meta, /* Buffer contains metadata */ BH_Prio, /* Buffer should be submitted with REQ_PRIO */ BH_Defer_Completion, /* Defer AIO completion to workqueue */ BH_PrivateStart,/* not a state bit, but the first bit available * for private allocation by other entities */ }; #define MAX_BUF_PER_PAGE (PAGE_SIZE / 512) struct page; struct buffer_head; struct address_space; typedef void (bh_end_io_t)(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); /* * Historically, a buffer_head was used to map a single block * within a page, and of course as the unit of I/O through the * filesystem and block layers. Nowadays the basic I/O unit * is the bio, and buffer_heads are used for extracting block * mappings (via a get_block_t call), for tracking state within * a page (via a page_mapping) and for wrapping bio submission * for backward compatibility reasons (e.g. submit_bh). */ struct buffer_head { unsigned long b_state; /* buffer state bitmap (see above) */ struct buffer_head *b_this_page;/* circular list of page's buffers */ struct page *b_page; /* the page this bh is mapped to */ sector_t b_blocknr; /* start block number */ size_t b_size; /* size of mapping */ char *b_data; /* pointer to data within the page */ struct block_device *b_bdev; bh_end_io_t *b_end_io; /* I/O completion */ void *b_private; /* reserved for b_end_io */ struct list_head b_assoc_buffers; /* associated with another mapping */ struct address_space *b_assoc_map; /* mapping this buffer is associated with */ atomic_t b_count; /* users using this buffer_head */ spinlock_t b_uptodate_lock; /* Used by the first bh in a page, to * serialise IO completion of other * buffers in the page */ }; /* * macro tricks to expand the set_buffer_foo(), clear_buffer_foo() * and buffer_foo() functions. * To avoid reset buffer flags that are already set, because that causes * a costly cache line transition, check the flag first. */ #define BUFFER_FNS(bit, name) \ static __always_inline void set_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ if (!test_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state)) \ set_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ static __always_inline void clear_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ clear_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ static __always_inline int buffer_##name(const struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ return test_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } /* * test_set_buffer_foo() and test_clear_buffer_foo() */ #define TAS_BUFFER_FNS(bit, name) \ static __always_inline int test_set_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ return test_and_set_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ static __always_inline int test_clear_buffer_##name(struct buffer_head *bh) \ { \ return test_and_clear_bit(BH_##bit, &(bh)->b_state); \ } \ /* * Emit the buffer bitops functions. Note that there are also functions * of the form "mark_buffer_foo()". These are higher-level functions which * do something in addition to setting a b_state bit. */ BUFFER_FNS(Uptodate, uptodate) BUFFER_FNS(Dirty, dirty) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(Dirty, dirty) BUFFER_FNS(Lock, locked) BUFFER_FNS(Req, req) TAS_BUFFER_FNS(Req, req) BUFFER_FNS(Mapped, mapped) BUFFER_FNS(New, new) BUFFER_FNS(Async_Read, async_read) BUFFER_FNS(Async_Write, async_write) BUFFER_FNS(Delay, delay) BUFFER_FNS(Boundary, boundary) BUFFER_FNS(Write_EIO, write_io_error) BUFFER_FNS(Unwritten, unwritten) BUFFER_FNS(Meta, meta) BUFFER_FNS(Prio, prio) BUFFER_FNS(Defer_Completion, defer_completion) #define bh_offset(bh) ((unsigned long)(bh)->b_data & ~PAGE_MASK) /* If we *know* page->private refers to buffer_heads */ #define page_buffers(page) \ ({ \ BUG_ON(!PagePrivate(page)); \ ((struct buffer_head *)page_private(page)); \ }) #define page_has_buffers(page) PagePrivate(page) void buffer_check_dirty_writeback(struct page *page, bool *dirty, bool *writeback); /* * Declarations */ void mark_buffer_dirty(struct buffer_head *bh); void mark_buffer_write_io_error(struct buffer_head *bh); void touch_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); void set_bh_page(struct buffer_head *bh, struct page *page, unsigned long offset); int try_to_free_buffers(struct page *); struct buffer_head *alloc_page_buffers(struct page *page, unsigned long size, bool retry); void create_empty_buffers(struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long b_state); void end_buffer_read_sync(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); void end_buffer_write_sync(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); void end_buffer_async_write(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); /* Things to do with buffers at mapping->private_list */ void mark_buffer_dirty_inode(struct buffer_head *bh, struct inode *inode); int inode_has_buffers(struct inode *); void invalidate_inode_buffers(struct inode *); int remove_inode_buffers(struct inode *inode); int sync_mapping_buffers(struct address_space *mapping); void clean_bdev_aliases(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, sector_t len); static inline void clean_bdev_bh_alias(struct buffer_head *bh) { clean_bdev_aliases(bh->b_bdev, bh->b_blocknr, 1); } void mark_buffer_async_write(struct buffer_head *bh); void __wait_on_buffer(struct buffer_head *); wait_queue_head_t *bh_waitq_head(struct buffer_head *bh); struct buffer_head *__find_get_block(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size); struct buffer_head *__getblk_gfp(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size, gfp_t gfp); void __brelse(struct buffer_head *); void __bforget(struct buffer_head *); void __breadahead(struct block_device *, sector_t block, unsigned int size); void __breadahead_gfp(struct block_device *, sector_t block, unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp); struct buffer_head *__bread_gfp(struct block_device *, sector_t block, unsigned size, gfp_t gfp); void invalidate_bh_lrus(void); struct buffer_head *alloc_buffer_head(gfp_t gfp_flags); void free_buffer_head(struct buffer_head * bh); void unlock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); void __lock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); void ll_rw_block(int, int, int, struct buffer_head * bh[]); int sync_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh); int __sync_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags); void write_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags); int submit_bh(int, int, struct buffer_head *); void write_boundary_block(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t bblock, unsigned blocksize); int bh_uptodate_or_lock(struct buffer_head *bh); int bh_submit_read(struct buffer_head *bh); extern int buffer_heads_over_limit; /* * Generic address_space_operations implementations for buffer_head-backed * address_spaces. */ void block_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); int block_write_full_page(struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc); int __block_write_full_page(struct inode *inode, struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc, bh_end_io_t *handler); int block_read_full_page(struct page*, get_block_t*); int block_is_partially_uptodate(struct page *page, unsigned long from, unsigned long count); int block_write_begin(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, get_block_t *get_block); int __block_write_begin(struct page *page, loff_t pos, unsigned len, get_block_t *get_block); int block_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page *, void *); int generic_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page *, void *); void page_zero_new_buffers(struct page *page, unsigned from, unsigned to); void clean_page_buffers(struct page *page); int cont_write_begin(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page **, void **, get_block_t *, loff_t *); int generic_cont_expand_simple(struct inode *inode, loff_t size); int block_commit_write(struct page *page, unsigned from, unsigned to); int block_page_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf, get_block_t get_block); /* Convert errno to return value from ->page_mkwrite() call */ static inline vm_fault_t block_page_mkwrite_return(int err) { if (err == 0) return VM_FAULT_LOCKED; if (err == -EFAULT || err == -EAGAIN) return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE; if (err == -ENOMEM) return VM_FAULT_OOM; /* -ENOSPC, -EDQUOT, -EIO ... */ return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } sector_t generic_block_bmap(struct address_space *, sector_t, get_block_t *); int block_truncate_page(struct address_space *, loff_t, get_block_t *); int nobh_write_begin(struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page **, void **, get_block_t*); int nobh_write_end(struct file *, struct address_space *, loff_t, unsigned, unsigned, struct page *, void *); int nobh_truncate_page(struct address_space *, loff_t, get_block_t *); int nobh_writepage(struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block, struct writeback_control *wbc); void buffer_init(void); /* * inline definitions */ static inline void get_bh(struct buffer_head *bh) { atomic_inc(&bh->b_count); } static inline void put_bh(struct buffer_head *bh) { smp_mb__before_atomic(); atomic_dec(&bh->b_count); } static inline void brelse(struct buffer_head *bh) { if (bh) __brelse(bh); } static inline void bforget(struct buffer_head *bh) { if (bh) __bforget(bh); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_bread(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __bread_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, __GFP_MOVABLE); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_bread_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __bread_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, 0); } static inline void sb_breadahead(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { __breadahead(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize); } static inline void sb_breadahead_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { __breadahead_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, 0); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_getblk(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __getblk_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, __GFP_MOVABLE); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_getblk_gfp(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, gfp_t gfp) { return __getblk_gfp(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize, gfp); } static inline struct buffer_head * sb_find_get_block(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { return __find_get_block(sb->s_bdev, block, sb->s_blocksize); } static inline void map_bh(struct buffer_head *bh, struct super_block *sb, sector_t block) { set_buffer_mapped(bh); bh->b_bdev = sb->s_bdev; bh->b_blocknr = block; bh->b_size = sb->s_blocksize; } static inline void wait_on_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh) { might_sleep(); if (buffer_locked(bh)) __wait_on_buffer(bh); } static inline int trylock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh) { return likely(!test_and_set_bit_lock(BH_Lock, &bh->b_state)); } static inline void lock_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh) { might_sleep(); if (!trylock_buffer(bh)) __lock_buffer(bh); } static inline struct buffer_head *getblk_unmovable(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size) { return __getblk_gfp(bdev, block, size, 0); } static inline struct buffer_head *__getblk(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size) { return __getblk_gfp(bdev, block, size, __GFP_MOVABLE); } /** * __bread() - reads a specified block and returns the bh * @bdev: the block_device to read from * @block: number of block * @size: size (in bytes) to read * * Reads a specified block, and returns buffer head that contains it. * The page cache is allocated from movable area so that it can be migrated. * It returns NULL if the block was unreadable. */ static inline struct buffer_head * __bread(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block, unsigned size) { return __bread_gfp(bdev, block, size, __GFP_MOVABLE); } extern int __set_page_dirty_buffers(struct page *page); #else /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ static inline void buffer_init(void) {} static inline int try_to_free_buffers(struct page *page) { return 1; } static inline int inode_has_buffers(struct inode *inode) { return 0; } static inline void invalidate_inode_buffers(struct inode *inode) {} static inline int remove_inode_buffers(struct inode *inode) { return 1; } static inline int sync_mapping_buffers(struct address_space *mapping) { return 0; } #define buffer_heads_over_limit 0 #endif /* CONFIG_BLOCK */ #endif /* _LINUX_BUFFER_HEAD_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Common values for AES algorithms */ #ifndef _CRYPTO_AES_H #define _CRYPTO_AES_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/crypto.h> #define AES_MIN_KEY_SIZE 16 #define AES_MAX_KEY_SIZE 32 #define AES_KEYSIZE_128 16 #define AES_KEYSIZE_192 24 #define AES_KEYSIZE_256 32 #define AES_BLOCK_SIZE 16 #define AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH (15 * 16) #define AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH_U32 (AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH / sizeof(u32)) /* * Please ensure that the first two fields are 16-byte aligned * relative to the start of the structure, i.e., don't move them! */ struct crypto_aes_ctx { u32 key_enc[AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH_U32]; u32 key_dec[AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH_U32]; u32 key_length; }; extern const u32 crypto_ft_tab[4][256] ____cacheline_aligned; extern const u32 crypto_it_tab[4][256] ____cacheline_aligned; /* * validate key length for AES algorithms */ static inline int aes_check_keylen(unsigned int keylen) { switch (keylen) { case AES_KEYSIZE_128: case AES_KEYSIZE_192: case AES_KEYSIZE_256: break; default: return -EINVAL; } return 0; } int crypto_aes_set_key(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, const u8 *in_key, unsigned int key_len); /** * aes_expandkey - Expands the AES key as described in FIPS-197 * @ctx: The location where the computed key will be stored. * @in_key: The supplied key. * @key_len: The length of the supplied key. * * Returns 0 on success. The function fails only if an invalid key size (or * pointer) is supplied. * The expanded key size is 240 bytes (max of 14 rounds with a unique 16 bytes * key schedule plus a 16 bytes key which is used before the first round). * The decryption key is prepared for the "Equivalent Inverse Cipher" as * described in FIPS-197. The first slot (16 bytes) of each key (enc or dec) is * for the initial combination, the second slot for the first round and so on. */ int aes_expandkey(struct crypto_aes_ctx *ctx, const u8 *in_key, unsigned int key_len); /** * aes_encrypt - Encrypt a single AES block * @ctx: Context struct containing the key schedule * @out: Buffer to store the ciphertext * @in: Buffer containing the plaintext */ void aes_encrypt(const struct crypto_aes_ctx *ctx, u8 *out, const u8 *in); /** * aes_decrypt - Decrypt a single AES block * @ctx: Context struct containing the key schedule * @out: Buffer to store the plaintext * @in: Buffer containing the ciphertext */ void aes_decrypt(const struct crypto_aes_ctx *ctx, u8 *out, const u8 *in); extern const u8 crypto_aes_sbox[]; extern const u8 crypto_aes_inv_sbox[]; #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Authors: Lotsa people, from code originally in tcp */ #ifndef _INET_HASHTABLES_H #define _INET_HASHTABLES_H #include <linux/interrupt.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <net/inet_connection_sock.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/route.h> #include <net/tcp_states.h> #include <net/netns/hash.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <asm/byteorder.h> /* This is for all connections with a full identity, no wildcards. * The 'e' prefix stands for Establish, but we really put all sockets * but LISTEN ones. */ struct inet_ehash_bucket { struct hlist_nulls_head chain; }; /* There are a few simple rules, which allow for local port reuse by * an application. In essence: * * 1) Sockets bound to different interfaces may share a local port. * Failing that, goto test 2. * 2) If all sockets have sk->sk_reuse set, and none of them are in * TCP_LISTEN state, the port may be shared. * Failing that, goto test 3. * 3) If all sockets are bound to a specific inet_sk(sk)->rcv_saddr local * address, and none of them are the same, the port may be * shared. * Failing this, the port cannot be shared. * * The interesting point, is test #2. This is what an FTP server does * all day. To optimize this case we use a specific flag bit defined * below. As we add sockets to a bind bucket list, we perform a * check of: (newsk->sk_reuse && (newsk->sk_state != TCP_LISTEN)) * As long as all sockets added to a bind bucket pass this test, * the flag bit will be set. * The resulting situation is that tcp_v[46]_verify_bind() can just check * for this flag bit, if it is set and the socket trying to bind has * sk->sk_reuse set, we don't even have to walk the owners list at all, * we return that it is ok to bind this socket to the requested local port. * * Sounds like a lot of work, but it is worth it. In a more naive * implementation (ie. current FreeBSD etc.) the entire list of ports * must be walked for each data port opened by an ftp server. Needless * to say, this does not scale at all. With a couple thousand FTP * users logged onto your box, isn't it nice to know that new data * ports are created in O(1) time? I thought so. ;-) -DaveM */ #define FASTREUSEPORT_ANY 1 #define FASTREUSEPORT_STRICT 2 struct inet_bind_bucket { possible_net_t ib_net; int l3mdev; unsigned short port; signed char fastreuse; signed char fastreuseport; kuid_t fastuid; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct in6_addr fast_v6_rcv_saddr; #endif __be32 fast_rcv_saddr; unsigned short fast_sk_family; bool fast_ipv6_only; struct hlist_node node; struct hlist_head owners; }; static inline struct net *ib_net(struct inet_bind_bucket *ib) { return read_pnet(&ib->ib_net); } #define inet_bind_bucket_for_each(tb, head) \ hlist_for_each_entry(tb, head, node) struct inet_bind_hashbucket { spinlock_t lock; struct hlist_head chain; }; /* Sockets can be hashed in established or listening table. * We must use different 'nulls' end-of-chain value for all hash buckets : * A socket might transition from ESTABLISH to LISTEN state without * RCU grace period. A lookup in ehash table needs to handle this case. */ #define LISTENING_NULLS_BASE (1U << 29) struct inet_listen_hashbucket { spinlock_t lock; unsigned int count; union { struct hlist_head head; struct hlist_nulls_head nulls_head; }; }; /* This is for listening sockets, thus all sockets which possess wildcards. */ #define INET_LHTABLE_SIZE 32 /* Yes, really, this is all you need. */ struct inet_hashinfo { /* This is for sockets with full identity only. Sockets here will * always be without wildcards and will have the following invariant: * * TCP_ESTABLISHED <= sk->sk_state < TCP_CLOSE * */ struct inet_ehash_bucket *ehash; spinlock_t *ehash_locks; unsigned int ehash_mask; unsigned int ehash_locks_mask; /* Ok, let's try this, I give up, we do need a local binding * TCP hash as well as the others for fast bind/connect. */ struct kmem_cache *bind_bucket_cachep; struct inet_bind_hashbucket *bhash; unsigned int bhash_size; /* The 2nd listener table hashed by local port and address */ unsigned int lhash2_mask; struct inet_listen_hashbucket *lhash2; /* All the above members are written once at bootup and * never written again _or_ are predominantly read-access. * * Now align to a new cache line as all the following members * might be often dirty. */ /* All sockets in TCP_LISTEN state will be in listening_hash. * This is the only table where wildcard'd TCP sockets can * exist. listening_hash is only hashed by local port number. * If lhash2 is initialized, the same socket will also be hashed * to lhash2 by port and address. */ struct inet_listen_hashbucket listening_hash[INET_LHTABLE_SIZE] ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; }; #define inet_lhash2_for_each_icsk_rcu(__icsk, list) \ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(__icsk, list, icsk_listen_portaddr_node) static inline struct inet_listen_hashbucket * inet_lhash2_bucket(struct inet_hashinfo *h, u32 hash) { return &h->lhash2[hash & h->lhash2_mask]; } static inline struct inet_ehash_bucket *inet_ehash_bucket( struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, unsigned int hash) { return &hashinfo->ehash[hash & hashinfo->ehash_mask]; } static inline spinlock_t *inet_ehash_lockp( struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, unsigned int hash) { return &hashinfo->ehash_locks[hash & hashinfo->ehash_locks_mask]; } int inet_ehash_locks_alloc(struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo); static inline void inet_hashinfo2_free_mod(struct inet_hashinfo *h) { kfree(h->lhash2); h->lhash2 = NULL; } static inline void inet_ehash_locks_free(struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo) { kvfree(hashinfo->ehash_locks); hashinfo->ehash_locks = NULL; } static inline bool inet_sk_bound_dev_eq(struct net *net, int bound_dev_if, int dif, int sdif) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) return inet_bound_dev_eq(!!net->ipv4.sysctl_tcp_l3mdev_accept, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #else return inet_bound_dev_eq(true, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #endif } struct inet_bind_bucket * inet_bind_bucket_create(struct kmem_cache *cachep, struct net *net, struct inet_bind_hashbucket *head, const unsigned short snum, int l3mdev); void inet_bind_bucket_destroy(struct kmem_cache *cachep, struct inet_bind_bucket *tb); static inline u32 inet_bhashfn(const struct net *net, const __u16 lport, const u32 bhash_size) { return (lport + net_hash_mix(net)) & (bhash_size - 1); } void inet_bind_hash(struct sock *sk, struct inet_bind_bucket *tb, const unsigned short snum); /* These can have wildcards, don't try too hard. */ static inline u32 inet_lhashfn(const struct net *net, const unsigned short num) { return (num + net_hash_mix(net)) & (INET_LHTABLE_SIZE - 1); } static inline int inet_sk_listen_hashfn(const struct sock *sk) { return inet_lhashfn(sock_net(sk), inet_sk(sk)->inet_num); } /* Caller must disable local BH processing. */ int __inet_inherit_port(const struct sock *sk, struct sock *child); void inet_put_port(struct sock *sk); void inet_hashinfo_init(struct inet_hashinfo *h); void inet_hashinfo2_init(struct inet_hashinfo *h, const char *name, unsigned long numentries, int scale, unsigned long low_limit, unsigned long high_limit); int inet_hashinfo2_init_mod(struct inet_hashinfo *h); bool inet_ehash_insert(struct sock *sk, struct sock *osk, bool *found_dup_sk); bool inet_ehash_nolisten(struct sock *sk, struct sock *osk, bool *found_dup_sk); int __inet_hash(struct sock *sk, struct sock *osk); int inet_hash(struct sock *sk); void inet_unhash(struct sock *sk); struct sock *__inet_lookup_listener(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const unsigned short hnum, const int dif, const int sdif); static inline struct sock *inet_lookup_listener(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, __be32 saddr, __be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif, int sdif) { return __inet_lookup_listener(net, hashinfo, skb, doff, saddr, sport, daddr, ntohs(dport), dif, sdif); } /* Socket demux engine toys. */ /* What happens here is ugly; there's a pair of adjacent fields in struct inet_sock; __be16 dport followed by __u16 num. We want to search by pair, so we combine the keys into a single 32bit value and compare with 32bit value read from &...->dport. Let's at least make sure that it's not mixed with anything else... On 64bit targets we combine comparisons with pair of adjacent __be32 fields in the same way. */ #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN #define INET_COMBINED_PORTS(__sport, __dport) \ ((__force __portpair)(((__force __u32)(__be16)(__sport) << 16) | (__u32)(__dport))) #else /* __LITTLE_ENDIAN */ #define INET_COMBINED_PORTS(__sport, __dport) \ ((__force __portpair)(((__u32)(__dport) << 16) | (__force __u32)(__be16)(__sport))) #endif #if (BITS_PER_LONG == 64) #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN #define INET_ADDR_COOKIE(__name, __saddr, __daddr) \ const __addrpair __name = (__force __addrpair) ( \ (((__force __u64)(__be32)(__saddr)) << 32) | \ ((__force __u64)(__be32)(__daddr))) #else /* __LITTLE_ENDIAN */ #define INET_ADDR_COOKIE(__name, __saddr, __daddr) \ const __addrpair __name = (__force __addrpair) ( \ (((__force __u64)(__be32)(__daddr)) << 32) | \ ((__force __u64)(__be32)(__saddr))) #endif /* __BIG_ENDIAN */ #define INET_MATCH(__sk, __net, __cookie, __saddr, __daddr, __ports, __dif, __sdif) \ (((__sk)->sk_portpair == (__ports)) && \ ((__sk)->sk_addrpair == (__cookie)) && \ (((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__dif)) || \ ((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__sdif))) && \ net_eq(sock_net(__sk), (__net))) #else /* 32-bit arch */ #define INET_ADDR_COOKIE(__name, __saddr, __daddr) \ const int __name __deprecated __attribute__((unused)) #define INET_MATCH(__sk, __net, __cookie, __saddr, __daddr, __ports, __dif, __sdif) \ (((__sk)->sk_portpair == (__ports)) && \ ((__sk)->sk_daddr == (__saddr)) && \ ((__sk)->sk_rcv_saddr == (__daddr)) && \ (((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__dif)) || \ ((__sk)->sk_bound_dev_if == (__sdif))) && \ net_eq(sock_net(__sk), (__net))) #endif /* 64-bit arch */ /* Sockets in TCP_CLOSE state are _always_ taken out of the hash, so we need * not check it for lookups anymore, thanks Alexey. -DaveM */ struct sock *__inet_lookup_established(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const u16 hnum, const int dif, const int sdif); static inline struct sock * inet_lookup_established(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const __be16 dport, const int dif) { return __inet_lookup_established(net, hashinfo, saddr, sport, daddr, ntohs(dport), dif, 0); } static inline struct sock *__inet_lookup(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const __be16 dport, const int dif, const int sdif, bool *refcounted) { u16 hnum = ntohs(dport); struct sock *sk; sk = __inet_lookup_established(net, hashinfo, saddr, sport, daddr, hnum, dif, sdif); *refcounted = true; if (sk) return sk; *refcounted = false; return __inet_lookup_listener(net, hashinfo, skb, doff, saddr, sport, daddr, hnum, dif, sdif); } static inline struct sock *inet_lookup(struct net *net, struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be32 saddr, const __be16 sport, const __be32 daddr, const __be16 dport, const int dif) { struct sock *sk; bool refcounted; sk = __inet_lookup(net, hashinfo, skb, doff, saddr, sport, daddr, dport, dif, 0, &refcounted); if (sk && !refcounted && !refcount_inc_not_zero(&sk->sk_refcnt)) sk = NULL; return sk; } static inline struct sock *__inet_lookup_skb(struct inet_hashinfo *hashinfo, struct sk_buff *skb, int doff, const __be16 sport, const __be16 dport, const int sdif, bool *refcounted) { struct sock *sk = skb_steal_sock(skb, refcounted); const struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb); if (sk) return sk; return __inet_lookup(dev_net(skb_dst(skb)->dev), hashinfo, skb, doff, iph->saddr, sport, iph->daddr, dport, inet_iif(skb), sdif, refcounted); } u32 inet6_ehashfn(const struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *laddr, const u16 lport, const struct in6_addr *faddr, const __be16 fport); static inline void sk_daddr_set(struct sock *sk, __be32 addr) { sk->sk_daddr = addr; /* alias of inet_daddr */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(addr, &sk->sk_v6_daddr); #endif } static inline void sk_rcv_saddr_set(struct sock *sk, __be32 addr) { sk->sk_rcv_saddr = addr; /* alias of inet_rcv_saddr */ #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) ipv6_addr_set_v4mapped(addr, &sk->sk_v6_rcv_saddr); #endif } int __inet_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row, struct sock *sk, u32 port_offset, int (*check_established)(struct inet_timewait_death_row *, struct sock *, __u16, struct inet_timewait_sock **)); int inet_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row, struct sock *sk); #endif /* _INET_HASHTABLES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_CPUSET_H #define _LINUX_CPUSET_H /* * cpuset interface * * Copyright (C) 2003 BULL SA * Copyright (C) 2004-2006 Silicon Graphics, Inc. * */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/topology.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/nodemask.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/jump_label.h> #ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS /* * Static branch rewrites can happen in an arbitrary order for a given * key. In code paths where we need to loop with read_mems_allowed_begin() and * read_mems_allowed_retry() to get a consistent view of mems_allowed, we need * to ensure that begin() always gets rewritten before retry() in the * disabled -> enabled transition. If not, then if local irqs are disabled * around the loop, we can deadlock since retry() would always be * comparing the latest value of the mems_allowed seqcount against 0 as * begin() still would see cpusets_enabled() as false. The enabled -> disabled * transition should happen in reverse order for the same reasons (want to stop * looking at real value of mems_allowed.sequence in retry() first). */ extern struct static_key_false cpusets_pre_enable_key; extern struct static_key_false cpusets_enabled_key; static inline bool cpusets_enabled(void) { return static_branch_unlikely(&cpusets_enabled_key); } static inline void cpuset_inc(void) { static_branch_inc_cpuslocked(&cpusets_pre_enable_key); static_branch_inc_cpuslocked(&cpusets_enabled_key); } static inline void cpuset_dec(void) { static_branch_dec_cpuslocked(&cpusets_enabled_key); static_branch_dec_cpuslocked(&cpusets_pre_enable_key); } extern int cpuset_init(void); extern void cpuset_init_smp(void); extern void cpuset_force_rebuild(void); extern void cpuset_update_active_cpus(void); extern void cpuset_wait_for_hotplug(void); extern void cpuset_read_lock(void); extern void cpuset_read_unlock(void); extern void cpuset_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, struct cpumask *mask); extern void cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback(struct task_struct *p); extern nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed(struct task_struct *p); #define cpuset_current_mems_allowed (current->mems_allowed) void cpuset_init_current_mems_allowed(void); int cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(nodemask_t *nodemask); extern bool __cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask); static inline bool cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (cpusets_enabled()) return __cpuset_node_allowed(node, gfp_mask); return true; } static inline bool __cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return __cpuset_node_allowed(zone_to_nid(z), gfp_mask); } static inline bool cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { if (cpusets_enabled()) return __cpuset_zone_allowed(z, gfp_mask); return true; } extern int cpuset_mems_allowed_intersects(const struct task_struct *tsk1, const struct task_struct *tsk2); #define cpuset_memory_pressure_bump() \ do { \ if (cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled) \ __cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(); \ } while (0) extern int cpuset_memory_pressure_enabled; extern void __cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(void); extern void cpuset_task_status_allowed(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *task); extern int proc_cpuset_show(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns, struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *tsk); extern int cpuset_mem_spread_node(void); extern int cpuset_slab_spread_node(void); static inline int cpuset_do_page_mem_spread(void) { return task_spread_page(current); } static inline int cpuset_do_slab_mem_spread(void) { return task_spread_slab(current); } extern bool current_cpuset_is_being_rebound(void); extern void rebuild_sched_domains(void); extern void cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed(void); /* * read_mems_allowed_begin is required when making decisions involving * mems_allowed such as during page allocation. mems_allowed can be updated in * parallel and depending on the new value an operation can fail potentially * causing process failure. A retry loop with read_mems_allowed_begin and * read_mems_allowed_retry prevents these artificial failures. */ static inline unsigned int read_mems_allowed_begin(void) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&cpusets_pre_enable_key)) return 0; return read_seqcount_begin(&current->mems_allowed_seq); } /* * If this returns true, the operation that took place after * read_mems_allowed_begin may have failed artificially due to a concurrent * update of mems_allowed. It is up to the caller to retry the operation if * appropriate. */ static inline bool read_mems_allowed_retry(unsigned int seq) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&cpusets_enabled_key)) return false; return read_seqcount_retry(&current->mems_allowed_seq, seq); } static inline void set_mems_allowed(nodemask_t nodemask) { unsigned long flags; task_lock(current); local_irq_save(flags); write_seqcount_begin(&current->mems_allowed_seq); current->mems_allowed = nodemask; write_seqcount_end(&current->mems_allowed_seq); local_irq_restore(flags); task_unlock(current); } #else /* !CONFIG_CPUSETS */ static inline bool cpusets_enabled(void) { return false; } static inline int cpuset_init(void) { return 0; } static inline void cpuset_init_smp(void) {} static inline void cpuset_force_rebuild(void) { } static inline void cpuset_update_active_cpus(void) { partition_sched_domains(1, NULL, NULL); } static inline void cpuset_wait_for_hotplug(void) { } static inline void cpuset_read_lock(void) { } static inline void cpuset_read_unlock(void) { } static inline void cpuset_cpus_allowed(struct task_struct *p, struct cpumask *mask) { cpumask_copy(mask, cpu_possible_mask); } static inline void cpuset_cpus_allowed_fallback(struct task_struct *p) { } static inline nodemask_t cpuset_mems_allowed(struct task_struct *p) { return node_possible_map; } #define cpuset_current_mems_allowed (node_states[N_MEMORY]) static inline void cpuset_init_current_mems_allowed(void) {} static inline int cpuset_nodemask_valid_mems_allowed(nodemask_t *nodemask) { return 1; } static inline bool cpuset_node_allowed(int node, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return true; } static inline bool __cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return true; } static inline bool cpuset_zone_allowed(struct zone *z, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return true; } static inline int cpuset_mems_allowed_intersects(const struct task_struct *tsk1, const struct task_struct *tsk2) { return 1; } static inline void cpuset_memory_pressure_bump(void) {} static inline void cpuset_task_status_allowed(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *task) { } static inline int cpuset_mem_spread_node(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuset_slab_spread_node(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuset_do_page_mem_spread(void) { return 0; } static inline int cpuset_do_slab_mem_spread(void) { return 0; } static inline bool current_cpuset_is_being_rebound(void) { return false; } static inline void rebuild_sched_domains(void) { partition_sched_domains(1, NULL, NULL); } static inline void cpuset_print_current_mems_allowed(void) { } static inline void set_mems_allowed(nodemask_t nodemask) { } static inline unsigned int read_mems_allowed_begin(void) { return 0; } static inline bool read_mems_allowed_retry(unsigned int seq) { return false; } #endif /* !CONFIG_CPUSETS */ #endif /* _LINUX_CPUSET_H */
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3612 3613 3614 3615 3616 3617 3618 3619 3620 3621 3622 3623 3624 3625 3626 3627 3628 3629 3630 3631 3632 3633 3634 3635 3636 3637 3638 3639 3640 3641 3642 3643 3644 3645 3646 3647 3648 3649 3650 3651 3652 3653 3654 3655 3656 3657 3658 3659 3660 3661 3662 3663 3664 3665 3666 3667 3668 3669 3670 3671 3672 3673 3674 3675 3676 3677 3678 3679 3680 3681 3682 3683 3684 3685 3686 3687 3688 3689 3690 3691 3692 3693 3694 3695 3696 3697 3698 3699 3700 3701 3702 3703 3704 3705 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * ext4.h * * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995 * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr) * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) * * from * * linux/include/linux/minix_fs.h * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds */ #ifndef _EXT4_H #define _EXT4_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/jbd2.h> #include <linux/quota.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/sched/signal.h> #include <linux/blockgroup_lock.h> #include <linux/percpu_counter.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> #include <crypto/hash.h> #include <linux/falloc.h> #include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h> #include <linux/fiemap.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/compat.h> #endif #include <linux/fscrypt.h> #include <linux/fsverity.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> /* * The fourth extended filesystem constants/structures */ /* * with AGGRESSIVE_CHECK allocator runs consistency checks over * structures. these checks slow things down a lot */ #define AGGRESSIVE_CHECK__ /* * with DOUBLE_CHECK defined mballoc creates persistent in-core * bitmaps, maintains and uses them to check for double allocations */ #define DOUBLE_CHECK__ /* * Define EXT4FS_DEBUG to produce debug messages */ #undef EXT4FS_DEBUG /* * Debug code */ #ifdef EXT4FS_DEBUG #define ext4_debug(f, a...) \ do { \ printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs DEBUG (%s, %d): %s:", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, __func__); \ printk(KERN_DEBUG f, ## a); \ } while (0) #else #define ext4_debug(fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* * Turn on EXT_DEBUG to enable ext4_ext_show_path/leaf/move in extents.c */ #define EXT_DEBUG__ /* * Dynamic printk for controlled extents debugging. */ #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG #define ext_debug(ino, fmt, ...) \ pr_debug("[%s/%d] EXT4-fs (%s): ino %lu: (%s, %d): %s:" fmt, \ current->comm, task_pid_nr(current), \ ino->i_sb->s_id, ino->i_ino, __FILE__, __LINE__, \ __func__, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define ext_debug(ino, fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif /* data type for block offset of block group */ typedef int ext4_grpblk_t; /* data type for filesystem-wide blocks number */ typedef unsigned long long ext4_fsblk_t; /* data type for file logical block number */ typedef __u32 ext4_lblk_t; /* data type for block group number */ typedef unsigned int ext4_group_t; enum SHIFT_DIRECTION { SHIFT_LEFT = 0, SHIFT_RIGHT, }; /* * Flags used in mballoc's allocation_context flags field. * * Also used to show what's going on for debugging purposes when the * flag field is exported via the traceport interface */ /* prefer goal again. length */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_MERGE 0x0001 /* blocks already reserved */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_RESERVED 0x0002 /* metadata is being allocated */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_METADATA 0x0004 /* first blocks in the file */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST 0x0008 /* search for the best chunk */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_BEST 0x0010 /* data is being allocated */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA 0x0020 /* don't preallocate (for tails) */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_NOPREALLOC 0x0040 /* allocate for locality group */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_GROUP_ALLOC 0x0080 /* allocate goal blocks or none */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_GOAL_ONLY 0x0100 /* goal is meaningful */ #define EXT4_MB_HINT_TRY_GOAL 0x0200 /* blocks already pre-reserved by delayed allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED 0x0400 /* We are doing stream allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_STREAM_ALLOC 0x0800 /* Use reserved root blocks if needed */ #define EXT4_MB_USE_ROOT_BLOCKS 0x1000 /* Use blocks from reserved pool */ #define EXT4_MB_USE_RESERVED 0x2000 /* Do strict check for free blocks while retrying block allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_STRICT_CHECK 0x4000 struct ext4_allocation_request { /* target inode for block we're allocating */ struct inode *inode; /* how many blocks we want to allocate */ unsigned int len; /* logical block in target inode */ ext4_lblk_t logical; /* the closest logical allocated block to the left */ ext4_lblk_t lleft; /* the closest logical allocated block to the right */ ext4_lblk_t lright; /* phys. target (a hint) */ ext4_fsblk_t goal; /* phys. block for the closest logical allocated block to the left */ ext4_fsblk_t pleft; /* phys. block for the closest logical allocated block to the right */ ext4_fsblk_t pright; /* flags. see above EXT4_MB_HINT_* */ unsigned int flags; }; /* * Logical to physical block mapping, used by ext4_map_blocks() * * This structure is used to pass requests into ext4_map_blocks() as * well as to store the information returned by ext4_map_blocks(). It * takes less room on the stack than a struct buffer_head. */ #define EXT4_MAP_NEW BIT(BH_New) #define EXT4_MAP_MAPPED BIT(BH_Mapped) #define EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN BIT(BH_Unwritten) #define EXT4_MAP_BOUNDARY BIT(BH_Boundary) #define EXT4_MAP_FLAGS (EXT4_MAP_NEW | EXT4_MAP_MAPPED |\ EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN | EXT4_MAP_BOUNDARY) struct ext4_map_blocks { ext4_fsblk_t m_pblk; ext4_lblk_t m_lblk; unsigned int m_len; unsigned int m_flags; }; /* * Block validity checking, system zone rbtree. */ struct ext4_system_blocks { struct rb_root root; struct rcu_head rcu; }; /* * Flags for ext4_io_end->flags */ #define EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN 0x0001 struct ext4_io_end_vec { struct list_head list; /* list of io_end_vec */ loff_t offset; /* offset in the file */ ssize_t size; /* size of the extent */ }; /* * For converting unwritten extents on a work queue. 'handle' is used for * buffered writeback. */ typedef struct ext4_io_end { struct list_head list; /* per-file finished IO list */ handle_t *handle; /* handle reserved for extent * conversion */ struct inode *inode; /* file being written to */ struct bio *bio; /* Linked list of completed * bios covering the extent */ unsigned int flag; /* unwritten or not */ atomic_t count; /* reference counter */ struct list_head list_vec; /* list of ext4_io_end_vec */ } ext4_io_end_t; struct ext4_io_submit { struct writeback_control *io_wbc; struct bio *io_bio; ext4_io_end_t *io_end; sector_t io_next_block; }; /* * Special inodes numbers */ #define EXT4_BAD_INO 1 /* Bad blocks inode */ #define EXT4_ROOT_INO 2 /* Root inode */ #define EXT4_USR_QUOTA_INO 3 /* User quota inode */ #define EXT4_GRP_QUOTA_INO 4 /* Group quota inode */ #define EXT4_BOOT_LOADER_INO 5 /* Boot loader inode */ #define EXT4_UNDEL_DIR_INO 6 /* Undelete directory inode */ #define EXT4_RESIZE_INO 7 /* Reserved group descriptors inode */ #define EXT4_JOURNAL_INO 8 /* Journal inode */ /* First non-reserved inode for old ext4 filesystems */ #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO 11 /* * Maximal count of links to a file */ #define EXT4_LINK_MAX 65000 /* * Macro-instructions used to manage several block sizes */ #define EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE 1024 #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_SIZE 65536 #define EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE 10 #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE 16 #define EXT4_MAX_CLUSTER_LOG_SIZE 30 #ifdef __KERNEL__ # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) ((s)->s_blocksize) #else # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) (EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE << (s)->s_log_block_size) #endif #define EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(s) (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) / sizeof(__u32)) #define EXT4_CLUSTER_SIZE(s) (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) << \ EXT4_SB(s)->s_cluster_bits) #ifdef __KERNEL__ # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(s) ((s)->s_blocksize_bits) # define EXT4_CLUSTER_BITS(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_cluster_bits) #else # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(s) ((s)->s_log_block_size + 10) #endif #ifdef __KERNEL__ #define EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK_BITS(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_addr_per_block_bits) #define EXT4_INODE_SIZE(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_inode_size) #define EXT4_FIRST_INO(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_first_ino) #else #define EXT4_INODE_SIZE(s) (((s)->s_rev_level == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) ? \ EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE : \ (s)->s_inode_size) #define EXT4_FIRST_INO(s) (((s)->s_rev_level == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) ? \ EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO : \ (s)->s_first_ino) #endif #define EXT4_BLOCK_ALIGN(size, blkbits) ALIGN((size), (1 << (blkbits))) #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCKS(size, offset, blkbits) \ ((EXT4_BLOCK_ALIGN(size + offset, blkbits) >> blkbits) - (offset >> \ blkbits)) /* Translate a block number to a cluster number */ #define EXT4_B2C(sbi, blk) ((blk) >> (sbi)->s_cluster_bits) /* Translate a cluster number to a block number */ #define EXT4_C2B(sbi, cluster) ((cluster) << (sbi)->s_cluster_bits) /* Translate # of blks to # of clusters */ #define EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, blks) (((blks) + (sbi)->s_cluster_ratio - 1) >> \ (sbi)->s_cluster_bits) /* Mask out the low bits to get the starting block of the cluster */ #define EXT4_PBLK_CMASK(s, pblk) ((pblk) & \ ~((ext4_fsblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) #define EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(s, lblk) ((lblk) & \ ~((ext4_lblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) /* Fill in the low bits to get the last block of the cluster */ #define EXT4_LBLK_CFILL(sbi, lblk) ((lblk) | \ ((ext4_lblk_t) (sbi)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) /* Get the cluster offset */ #define EXT4_PBLK_COFF(s, pblk) ((pblk) & \ ((ext4_fsblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) #define EXT4_LBLK_COFF(s, lblk) ((lblk) & \ ((ext4_lblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1)) /* * Structure of a blocks group descriptor */ struct ext4_group_desc { __le32 bg_block_bitmap_lo; /* Blocks bitmap block */ __le32 bg_inode_bitmap_lo; /* Inodes bitmap block */ __le32 bg_inode_table_lo; /* Inodes table block */ __le16 bg_free_blocks_count_lo;/* Free blocks count */ __le16 bg_free_inodes_count_lo;/* Free inodes count */ __le16 bg_used_dirs_count_lo; /* Directories count */ __le16 bg_flags; /* EXT4_BG_flags (INODE_UNINIT, etc) */ __le32 bg_exclude_bitmap_lo; /* Exclude bitmap for snapshots */ __le16 bg_block_bitmap_csum_lo;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+bbitmap) LE */ __le16 bg_inode_bitmap_csum_lo;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+ibitmap) LE */ __le16 bg_itable_unused_lo; /* Unused inodes count */ __le16 bg_checksum; /* crc16(sb_uuid+group+desc) */ __le32 bg_block_bitmap_hi; /* Blocks bitmap block MSB */ __le32 bg_inode_bitmap_hi; /* Inodes bitmap block MSB */ __le32 bg_inode_table_hi; /* Inodes table block MSB */ __le16 bg_free_blocks_count_hi;/* Free blocks count MSB */ __le16 bg_free_inodes_count_hi;/* Free inodes count MSB */ __le16 bg_used_dirs_count_hi; /* Directories count MSB */ __le16 bg_itable_unused_hi; /* Unused inodes count MSB */ __le32 bg_exclude_bitmap_hi; /* Exclude bitmap block MSB */ __le16 bg_block_bitmap_csum_hi;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+bbitmap) BE */ __le16 bg_inode_bitmap_csum_hi;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+ibitmap) BE */ __u32 bg_reserved; }; #define EXT4_BG_INODE_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END \ (offsetof(struct ext4_group_desc, bg_inode_bitmap_csum_hi) + \ sizeof(__le16)) #define EXT4_BG_BLOCK_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END \ (offsetof(struct ext4_group_desc, bg_block_bitmap_csum_hi) + \ sizeof(__le16)) /* * Structure of a flex block group info */ struct flex_groups { atomic64_t free_clusters; atomic_t free_inodes; atomic_t used_dirs; }; #define EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT 0x0001 /* Inode table/bitmap not in use */ #define EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT 0x0002 /* Block bitmap not in use */ #define EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED 0x0004 /* On-disk itable initialized to zero */ /* * Macro-instructions used to manage group descriptors */ #define EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE 32 #define EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT 64 #define EXT4_MAX_DESC_SIZE EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE #define EXT4_DESC_SIZE(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_size) #ifdef __KERNEL__ # define EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_blocks_per_group) # define EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_clusters_per_group) # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_per_block) # define EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_inodes_per_group) # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(s) (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_per_block_bits) #else # define EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(s) ((s)->s_blocks_per_group) # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(s) (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) / EXT4_DESC_SIZE(s)) # define EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(s) ((s)->s_inodes_per_group) #endif /* * Constants relative to the data blocks */ #define EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS 12 #define EXT4_IND_BLOCK EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS #define EXT4_DIND_BLOCK (EXT4_IND_BLOCK + 1) #define EXT4_TIND_BLOCK (EXT4_DIND_BLOCK + 1) #define EXT4_N_BLOCKS (EXT4_TIND_BLOCK + 1) /* * Inode flags */ #define EXT4_SECRM_FL 0x00000001 /* Secure deletion */ #define EXT4_UNRM_FL 0x00000002 /* Undelete */ #define EXT4_COMPR_FL 0x00000004 /* Compress file */ #define EXT4_SYNC_FL 0x00000008 /* Synchronous updates */ #define EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL 0x00000010 /* Immutable file */ #define EXT4_APPEND_FL 0x00000020 /* writes to file may only append */ #define EXT4_NODUMP_FL 0x00000040 /* do not dump file */ #define EXT4_NOATIME_FL 0x00000080 /* do not update atime */ /* Reserved for compression usage... */ #define EXT4_DIRTY_FL 0x00000100 #define EXT4_COMPRBLK_FL 0x00000200 /* One or more compressed clusters */ #define EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL 0x00000400 /* Don't compress */ /* nb: was previously EXT2_ECOMPR_FL */ #define EXT4_ENCRYPT_FL 0x00000800 /* encrypted file */ /* End compression flags --- maybe not all used */ #define EXT4_INDEX_FL 0x00001000 /* hash-indexed directory */ #define EXT4_IMAGIC_FL 0x00002000 /* AFS directory */ #define EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL 0x00004000 /* file data should be journaled */ #define EXT4_NOTAIL_FL 0x00008000 /* file tail should not be merged */ #define EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL 0x00010000 /* dirsync behaviour (directories only) */ #define EXT4_TOPDIR_FL 0x00020000 /* Top of directory hierarchies*/ #define EXT4_HUGE_FILE_FL 0x00040000 /* Set to each huge file */ #define EXT4_EXTENTS_FL 0x00080000 /* Inode uses extents */ #define EXT4_VERITY_FL 0x00100000 /* Verity protected inode */ #define EXT4_EA_INODE_FL 0x00200000 /* Inode used for large EA */ /* 0x00400000 was formerly EXT4_EOFBLOCKS_FL */ #define EXT4_DAX_FL 0x02000000 /* Inode is DAX */ #define EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL 0x10000000 /* Inode has inline data. */ #define EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL 0x20000000 /* Create with parents projid */ #define EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL 0x40000000 /* Casefolded directory */ #define EXT4_RESERVED_FL 0x80000000 /* reserved for ext4 lib */ /* User modifiable flags */ #define EXT4_FL_USER_MODIFIABLE (EXT4_SECRM_FL | \ EXT4_UNRM_FL | \ EXT4_COMPR_FL | \ EXT4_SYNC_FL | \ EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL | \ EXT4_APPEND_FL | \ EXT4_NODUMP_FL | \ EXT4_NOATIME_FL | \ EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL | \ EXT4_NOTAIL_FL | \ EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL | \ EXT4_TOPDIR_FL | \ EXT4_EXTENTS_FL | \ 0x00400000 /* EXT4_EOFBLOCKS_FL */ | \ EXT4_DAX_FL | \ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL | \ EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL) /* User visible flags */ #define EXT4_FL_USER_VISIBLE (EXT4_FL_USER_MODIFIABLE | \ EXT4_DIRTY_FL | \ EXT4_COMPRBLK_FL | \ EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL | \ EXT4_ENCRYPT_FL | \ EXT4_INDEX_FL | \ EXT4_VERITY_FL | \ EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL) /* Flags we can manipulate with through FS_IOC_FSSETXATTR */ #define EXT4_FL_XFLAG_VISIBLE (EXT4_SYNC_FL | \ EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL | \ EXT4_APPEND_FL | \ EXT4_NODUMP_FL | \ EXT4_NOATIME_FL | \ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL | \ EXT4_DAX_FL) /* Flags that should be inherited by new inodes from their parent. */ #define EXT4_FL_INHERITED (EXT4_SECRM_FL | EXT4_UNRM_FL | EXT4_COMPR_FL |\ EXT4_SYNC_FL | EXT4_NODUMP_FL | EXT4_NOATIME_FL |\ EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL | EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL |\ EXT4_NOTAIL_FL | EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL |\ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL | EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL |\ EXT4_DAX_FL) /* Flags that are appropriate for regular files (all but dir-specific ones). */ #define EXT4_REG_FLMASK (~(EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL | EXT4_TOPDIR_FL | EXT4_CASEFOLD_FL |\ EXT4_PROJINHERIT_FL)) /* Flags that are appropriate for non-directories/regular files. */ #define EXT4_OTHER_FLMASK (EXT4_NODUMP_FL | EXT4_NOATIME_FL) /* The only flags that should be swapped */ #define EXT4_FL_SHOULD_SWAP (EXT4_HUGE_FILE_FL | EXT4_EXTENTS_FL) /* Flags which are mutually exclusive to DAX */ #define EXT4_DAX_MUT_EXCL (EXT4_VERITY_FL | EXT4_ENCRYPT_FL |\ EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL | EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL) /* Mask out flags that are inappropriate for the given type of inode. */ static inline __u32 ext4_mask_flags(umode_t mode, __u32 flags) { if (S_ISDIR(mode)) return flags; else if (S_ISREG(mode)) return flags & EXT4_REG_FLMASK; else return flags & EXT4_OTHER_FLMASK; } /* * Inode flags used for atomic set/get */ enum { EXT4_INODE_SECRM = 0, /* Secure deletion */ EXT4_INODE_UNRM = 1, /* Undelete */ EXT4_INODE_COMPR = 2, /* Compress file */ EXT4_INODE_SYNC = 3, /* Synchronous updates */ EXT4_INODE_IMMUTABLE = 4, /* Immutable file */ EXT4_INODE_APPEND = 5, /* writes to file may only append */ EXT4_INODE_NODUMP = 6, /* do not dump file */ EXT4_INODE_NOATIME = 7, /* do not update atime */ /* Reserved for compression usage... */ EXT4_INODE_DIRTY = 8, EXT4_INODE_COMPRBLK = 9, /* One or more compressed clusters */ EXT4_INODE_NOCOMPR = 10, /* Don't compress */ EXT4_INODE_ENCRYPT = 11, /* Encrypted file */ /* End compression flags --- maybe not all used */ EXT4_INODE_INDEX = 12, /* hash-indexed directory */ EXT4_INODE_IMAGIC = 13, /* AFS directory */ EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA = 14, /* file data should be journaled */ EXT4_INODE_NOTAIL = 15, /* file tail should not be merged */ EXT4_INODE_DIRSYNC = 16, /* dirsync behaviour (directories only) */ EXT4_INODE_TOPDIR = 17, /* Top of directory hierarchies*/ EXT4_INODE_HUGE_FILE = 18, /* Set to each huge file */ EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS = 19, /* Inode uses extents */ EXT4_INODE_VERITY = 20, /* Verity protected inode */ EXT4_INODE_EA_INODE = 21, /* Inode used for large EA */ /* 22 was formerly EXT4_INODE_EOFBLOCKS */ EXT4_INODE_DAX = 25, /* Inode is DAX */ EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA = 28, /* Data in inode. */ EXT4_INODE_PROJINHERIT = 29, /* Create with parents projid */ EXT4_INODE_CASEFOLD = 30, /* Casefolded directory */ EXT4_INODE_RESERVED = 31, /* reserved for ext4 lib */ }; /* * Since it's pretty easy to mix up bit numbers and hex values, we use a * build-time check to make sure that EXT4_XXX_FL is consistent with respect to * EXT4_INODE_XXX. If all is well, the macros will be dropped, so, it won't cost * any extra space in the compiled kernel image, otherwise, the build will fail. * It's important that these values are the same, since we are using * EXT4_INODE_XXX to test for flag values, but EXT4_XXX_FL must be consistent * with the values of FS_XXX_FL defined in include/linux/fs.h and the on-disk * values found in ext2, ext3 and ext4 filesystems, and of course the values * defined in e2fsprogs. * * It's not paranoia if the Murphy's Law really *is* out to get you. :-) */ #define TEST_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG) (EXT4_##FLAG##_FL == (1 << EXT4_INODE_##FLAG)) #define CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG) BUILD_BUG_ON(!TEST_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG)) static inline void ext4_check_flag_values(void) { CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(SECRM); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(UNRM); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(COMPR); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(SYNC); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(IMMUTABLE); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(APPEND); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NODUMP); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOATIME); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(DIRTY); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(COMPRBLK); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOCOMPR); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(ENCRYPT); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(INDEX); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(IMAGIC); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(JOURNAL_DATA); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOTAIL); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(DIRSYNC); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(TOPDIR); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(HUGE_FILE); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EXTENTS); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(VERITY); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EA_INODE); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(INLINE_DATA); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(PROJINHERIT); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(CASEFOLD); CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(RESERVED); } /* Used to pass group descriptor data when online resize is done */ struct ext4_new_group_input { __u32 group; /* Group number for this data */ __u64 block_bitmap; /* Absolute block number of block bitmap */ __u64 inode_bitmap; /* Absolute block number of inode bitmap */ __u64 inode_table; /* Absolute block number of inode table start */ __u32 blocks_count; /* Total number of blocks in this group */ __u16 reserved_blocks; /* Number of reserved blocks in this group */ __u16 unused; }; #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT) struct compat_ext4_new_group_input { u32 group; compat_u64 block_bitmap; compat_u64 inode_bitmap; compat_u64 inode_table; u32 blocks_count; u16 reserved_blocks; u16 unused; }; #endif /* The struct ext4_new_group_input in kernel space, with free_blocks_count */ struct ext4_new_group_data { __u32 group; __u64 block_bitmap; __u64 inode_bitmap; __u64 inode_table; __u32 blocks_count; __u16 reserved_blocks; __u16 mdata_blocks; __u32 free_clusters_count; }; /* Indexes used to index group tables in ext4_new_group_data */ enum { BLOCK_BITMAP = 0, /* block bitmap */ INODE_BITMAP, /* inode bitmap */ INODE_TABLE, /* inode tables */ GROUP_TABLE_COUNT, }; /* * Flags used by ext4_map_blocks() */ /* Allocate any needed blocks and/or convert an unwritten extent to be an initialized ext4 */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE 0x0001 /* Request the creation of an unwritten extent */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT 0x0002 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT|\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE) /* Caller is from the delayed allocation writeout path * finally doing the actual allocation of delayed blocks */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE 0x0004 /* caller is from the direct IO path, request to creation of an unwritten extents if not allocated, split the unwritten extent if blocks has been preallocated already*/ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO 0x0008 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT 0x0010 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CREATE_EXT (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO|\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT) /* Convert extent to initialized after IO complete */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CONVERT_EXT (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT|\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT) /* Eventual metadata allocation (due to growing extent tree) * should not fail, so try to use reserved blocks for that.*/ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL 0x0020 /* Don't normalize allocation size (used for fallocate) */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_NORMALIZE 0x0040 /* Convert written extents to unwritten */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN 0x0100 /* Write zeros to newly created written extents */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_ZERO 0x0200 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_ZERO (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE |\ EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_ZERO) /* Caller will submit data before dropping transaction handle. This * allows jbd2 to avoid submitting data before commit. */ #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_SUBMIT 0x0400 /* * The bit position of these flags must not overlap with any of the * EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_*. They are used by ext4_find_extent(), * read_extent_tree_block(), ext4_split_extent_at(), * ext4_ext_insert_extent(), and ext4_ext_create_new_leaf(). * EXT4_EX_NOCACHE is used to indicate that the we shouldn't be * caching the extents when reading from the extent tree while a * truncate or punch hole operation is in progress. */ #define EXT4_EX_NOCACHE 0x40000000 #define EXT4_EX_FORCE_CACHE 0x20000000 #define EXT4_EX_NOFAIL 0x10000000 /* * Flags used by ext4_free_blocks */ #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA 0x0001 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET 0x0002 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_VALIDATED 0x0004 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NO_QUOT_UPDATE 0x0008 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_FIRST_CLUSTER 0x0010 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_LAST_CLUSTER 0x0020 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_RERESERVE_CLUSTER 0x0040 /* * ioctl commands */ #define EXT4_IOC_GETVERSION _IOR('f', 3, long) #define EXT4_IOC_SETVERSION _IOW('f', 4, long) #define EXT4_IOC_GETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC_GETVERSION #define EXT4_IOC_SETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC_SETVERSION #define EXT4_IOC_GETRSVSZ _IOR('f', 5, long) #define EXT4_IOC_SETRSVSZ _IOW('f', 6, long) #define EXT4_IOC_GROUP_EXTEND _IOW('f', 7, unsigned long) #define EXT4_IOC_GROUP_ADD _IOW('f', 8, struct ext4_new_group_input) #define EXT4_IOC_MIGRATE _IO('f', 9) /* note ioctl 10 reserved for an early version of the FIEMAP ioctl */ /* note ioctl 11 reserved for filesystem-independent FIEMAP ioctl */ #define EXT4_IOC_ALLOC_DA_BLKS _IO('f', 12) #define EXT4_IOC_MOVE_EXT _IOWR('f', 15, struct move_extent) #define EXT4_IOC_RESIZE_FS _IOW('f', 16, __u64) #define EXT4_IOC_SWAP_BOOT _IO('f', 17) #define EXT4_IOC_PRECACHE_EXTENTS _IO('f', 18) /* ioctl codes 19--39 are reserved for fscrypt */ #define EXT4_IOC_CLEAR_ES_CACHE _IO('f', 40) #define EXT4_IOC_GETSTATE _IOW('f', 41, __u32) #define EXT4_IOC_GET_ES_CACHE _IOWR('f', 42, struct fiemap) #define EXT4_IOC_SHUTDOWN _IOR ('X', 125, __u32) /* * Flags for going down operation */ #define EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_DEFAULT 0x0 /* going down */ #define EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_LOGFLUSH 0x1 /* flush log but not data */ #define EXT4_GOING_FLAGS_NOLOGFLUSH 0x2 /* don't flush log nor data */ /* * Flags returned by EXT4_IOC_GETSTATE * * We only expose to userspace a subset of the state flags in * i_state_flags */ #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_EXT_PRECACHED 0x00000001 #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_NEW 0x00000002 #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_NEWENTRY 0x00000004 #define EXT4_STATE_FLAG_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE 0x00000008 #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT) /* * ioctl commands in 32 bit emulation */ #define EXT4_IOC32_GETVERSION _IOR('f', 3, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_SETVERSION _IOW('f', 4, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_GETRSVSZ _IOR('f', 5, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_SETRSVSZ _IOW('f', 6, int) #define EXT4_IOC32_GROUP_EXTEND _IOW('f', 7, unsigned int) #define EXT4_IOC32_GROUP_ADD _IOW('f', 8, struct compat_ext4_new_group_input) #define EXT4_IOC32_GETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC32_GETVERSION #define EXT4_IOC32_SETVERSION_OLD FS_IOC32_SETVERSION #endif /* * Returned by EXT4_IOC_GET_ES_CACHE as an additional possible flag. * It indicates that the entry in extent status cache is for a hole. */ #define EXT4_FIEMAP_EXTENT_HOLE 0x08000000 /* Max physical block we can address w/o extents */ #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_FILE_PHYS 0xFFFFFFFF /* Max logical block we can support */ #define EXT4_MAX_LOGICAL_BLOCK 0xFFFFFFFE /* * Structure of an inode on the disk */ struct ext4_inode { __le16 i_mode; /* File mode */ __le16 i_uid; /* Low 16 bits of Owner Uid */ __le32 i_size_lo; /* Size in bytes */ __le32 i_atime; /* Access time */ __le32 i_ctime; /* Inode Change time */ __le32 i_mtime; /* Modification time */ __le32 i_dtime; /* Deletion Time */ __le16 i_gid; /* Low 16 bits of Group Id */ __le16 i_links_count; /* Links count */ __le32 i_blocks_lo; /* Blocks count */ __le32 i_flags; /* File flags */ union { struct { __le32 l_i_version; } linux1; struct { __u32 h_i_translator; } hurd1; struct { __u32 m_i_reserved1; } masix1; } osd1; /* OS dependent 1 */ __le32 i_block[EXT4_N_BLOCKS];/* Pointers to blocks */ __le32 i_generation; /* File version (for NFS) */ __le32 i_file_acl_lo; /* File ACL */ __le32 i_size_high; __le32 i_obso_faddr; /* Obsoleted fragment address */ union { struct { __le16 l_i_blocks_high; /* were l_i_reserved1 */ __le16 l_i_file_acl_high; __le16 l_i_uid_high; /* these 2 fields */ __le16 l_i_gid_high; /* were reserved2[0] */ __le16 l_i_checksum_lo;/* crc32c(uuid+inum+inode) LE */ __le16 l_i_reserved; } linux2; struct { __le16 h_i_reserved1; /* Obsoleted fragment number/size which are removed in ext4 */ __u16 h_i_mode_high; __u16 h_i_uid_high; __u16 h_i_gid_high; __u32 h_i_author; } hurd2; struct { __le16 h_i_reserved1; /* Obsoleted fragment number/size which are removed in ext4 */ __le16 m_i_file_acl_high; __u32 m_i_reserved2[2]; } masix2; } osd2; /* OS dependent 2 */ __le16 i_extra_isize; __le16 i_checksum_hi; /* crc32c(uuid+inum+inode) BE */ __le32 i_ctime_extra; /* extra Change time (nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_mtime_extra; /* extra Modification time(nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_atime_extra; /* extra Access time (nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_crtime; /* File Creation time */ __le32 i_crtime_extra; /* extra FileCreationtime (nsec << 2 | epoch) */ __le32 i_version_hi; /* high 32 bits for 64-bit version */ __le32 i_projid; /* Project ID */ }; struct move_extent { __u32 reserved; /* should be zero */ __u32 donor_fd; /* donor file descriptor */ __u64 orig_start; /* logical start offset in block for orig */ __u64 donor_start; /* logical start offset in block for donor */ __u64 len; /* block length to be moved */ __u64 moved_len; /* moved block length */ }; #define EXT4_EPOCH_BITS 2 #define EXT4_EPOCH_MASK ((1 << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) - 1) #define EXT4_NSEC_MASK (~0UL << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) /* * Extended fields will fit into an inode if the filesystem was formatted * with large inodes (-I 256 or larger) and there are not currently any EAs * consuming all of the available space. For new inodes we always reserve * enough space for the kernel's known extended fields, but for inodes * created with an old kernel this might not have been the case. None of * the extended inode fields is critical for correct filesystem operation. * This macro checks if a certain field fits in the inode. Note that * inode-size = GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + i_extra_isize */ #define EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(ext4_inode, einode, field) \ ((offsetof(typeof(*ext4_inode), field) + \ sizeof((ext4_inode)->field)) \ <= (EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + \ (einode)->i_extra_isize)) \ /* * We use an encoding that preserves the times for extra epoch "00": * * extra msb of adjust for signed * epoch 32-bit 32-bit tv_sec to * bits time decoded 64-bit tv_sec 64-bit tv_sec valid time range * 0 0 1 -0x80000000..-0x00000001 0x000000000 1901-12-13..1969-12-31 * 0 0 0 0x000000000..0x07fffffff 0x000000000 1970-01-01..2038-01-19 * 0 1 1 0x080000000..0x0ffffffff 0x100000000 2038-01-19..2106-02-07 * 0 1 0 0x100000000..0x17fffffff 0x100000000 2106-02-07..2174-02-25 * 1 0 1 0x180000000..0x1ffffffff 0x200000000 2174-02-25..2242-03-16 * 1 0 0 0x200000000..0x27fffffff 0x200000000 2242-03-16..2310-04-04 * 1 1 1 0x280000000..0x2ffffffff 0x300000000 2310-04-04..2378-04-22 * 1 1 0 0x300000000..0x37fffffff 0x300000000 2378-04-22..2446-05-10 * * Note that previous versions of the kernel on 64-bit systems would * incorrectly use extra epoch bits 1,1 for dates between 1901 and * 1970. e2fsck will correct this, assuming that it is run on the * affected filesystem before 2242. */ static inline __le32 ext4_encode_extra_time(struct timespec64 *time) { u32 extra =((time->tv_sec - (s32)time->tv_sec) >> 32) & EXT4_EPOCH_MASK; return cpu_to_le32(extra | (time->tv_nsec << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS)); } static inline void ext4_decode_extra_time(struct timespec64 *time, __le32 extra) { if (unlikely(extra & cpu_to_le32(EXT4_EPOCH_MASK))) time->tv_sec += (u64)(le32_to_cpu(extra) & EXT4_EPOCH_MASK) << 32; time->tv_nsec = (le32_to_cpu(extra) & EXT4_NSEC_MASK) >> EXT4_EPOCH_BITS; } #define EXT4_INODE_SET_XTIME(xtime, inode, raw_inode) \ do { \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, EXT4_I(inode), xtime ## _extra)) {\ (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32((inode)->xtime.tv_sec); \ (raw_inode)->xtime ## _extra = \ ext4_encode_extra_time(&(inode)->xtime); \ } \ else \ (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32(clamp_t(int32_t, (inode)->xtime.tv_sec, S32_MIN, S32_MAX)); \ } while (0) #define EXT4_EINODE_SET_XTIME(xtime, einode, raw_inode) \ do { \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime)) \ (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32((einode)->xtime.tv_sec); \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime ## _extra)) \ (raw_inode)->xtime ## _extra = \ ext4_encode_extra_time(&(einode)->xtime); \ } while (0) #define EXT4_INODE_GET_XTIME(xtime, inode, raw_inode) \ do { \ (inode)->xtime.tv_sec = (signed)le32_to_cpu((raw_inode)->xtime); \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, EXT4_I(inode), xtime ## _extra)) { \ ext4_decode_extra_time(&(inode)->xtime, \ raw_inode->xtime ## _extra); \ } \ else \ (inode)->xtime.tv_nsec = 0; \ } while (0) #define EXT4_EINODE_GET_XTIME(xtime, einode, raw_inode) \ do { \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime)) \ (einode)->xtime.tv_sec = \ (signed)le32_to_cpu((raw_inode)->xtime); \ else \ (einode)->xtime.tv_sec = 0; \ if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime ## _extra)) \ ext4_decode_extra_time(&(einode)->xtime, \ raw_inode->xtime ## _extra); \ else \ (einode)->xtime.tv_nsec = 0; \ } while (0) #define i_disk_version osd1.linux1.l_i_version #if defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(__linux__) #define i_reserved1 osd1.linux1.l_i_reserved1 #define i_file_acl_high osd2.linux2.l_i_file_acl_high #define i_blocks_high osd2.linux2.l_i_blocks_high #define i_uid_low i_uid #define i_gid_low i_gid #define i_uid_high osd2.linux2.l_i_uid_high #define i_gid_high osd2.linux2.l_i_gid_high #define i_checksum_lo osd2.linux2.l_i_checksum_lo #elif defined(__GNU__) #define i_translator osd1.hurd1.h_i_translator #define i_uid_high osd2.hurd2.h_i_uid_high #define i_gid_high osd2.hurd2.h_i_gid_high #define i_author osd2.hurd2.h_i_author #elif defined(__masix__) #define i_reserved1 osd1.masix1.m_i_reserved1 #define i_file_acl_high osd2.masix2.m_i_file_acl_high #define i_reserved2 osd2.masix2.m_i_reserved2 #endif /* defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(__linux__) */ #include "extents_status.h" #include "fast_commit.h" /* * Lock subclasses for i_data_sem in the ext4_inode_info structure. * * These are needed to avoid lockdep false positives when we need to * allocate blocks to the quota inode during ext4_map_blocks(), while * holding i_data_sem for a normal (non-quota) inode. Since we don't * do quota tracking for the quota inode, this avoids deadlock (as * well as infinite recursion, since it isn't turtles all the way * down...) * * I_DATA_SEM_NORMAL - Used for most inodes * I_DATA_SEM_OTHER - Used by move_inode.c for the second normal inode * where the second inode has larger inode number * than the first * I_DATA_SEM_QUOTA - Used for quota inodes only */ enum { I_DATA_SEM_NORMAL = 0, I_DATA_SEM_OTHER, I_DATA_SEM_QUOTA, }; /* * fourth extended file system inode data in memory */ struct ext4_inode_info { __le32 i_data[15]; /* unconverted */ __u32 i_dtime; ext4_fsblk_t i_file_acl; /* * i_block_group is the number of the block group which contains * this file's inode. Constant across the lifetime of the inode, * it is used for making block allocation decisions - we try to * place a file's data blocks near its inode block, and new inodes * near to their parent directory's inode. */ ext4_group_t i_block_group; ext4_lblk_t i_dir_start_lookup; #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64) unsigned long i_state_flags; /* Dynamic state flags */ #endif unsigned long i_flags; /* * Extended attributes can be read independently of the main file * data. Taking i_mutex even when reading would cause contention * between readers of EAs and writers of regular file data, so * instead we synchronize on xattr_sem when reading or changing * EAs. */ struct rw_semaphore xattr_sem; struct list_head i_orphan; /* unlinked but open inodes */ /* Fast commit related info */ struct list_head i_fc_list; /* * inodes that need fast commit * protected by sbi->s_fc_lock. */ /* Start of lblk range that needs to be committed in this fast commit */ ext4_lblk_t i_fc_lblk_start; /* End of lblk range that needs to be committed in this fast commit */ ext4_lblk_t i_fc_lblk_len; /* Number of ongoing updates on this inode */ atomic_t i_fc_updates; /* Fast commit wait queue for this inode */ wait_queue_head_t i_fc_wait; /* Protect concurrent accesses on i_fc_lblk_start, i_fc_lblk_len */ struct mutex i_fc_lock; /* * i_disksize keeps track of what the inode size is ON DISK, not * in memory. During truncate, i_size is set to the new size by * the VFS prior to calling ext4_truncate(), but the filesystem won't * set i_disksize to 0 until the truncate is actually under way. * * The intent is that i_disksize always represents the blocks which * are used by this file. This allows recovery to restart truncate * on orphans if we crash during truncate. We actually write i_disksize * into the on-disk inode when writing inodes out, instead of i_size. * * The only time when i_disksize and i_size may be different is when * a truncate is in progress. The only things which change i_disksize * are ext4_get_block (growth) and ext4_truncate (shrinkth). */ loff_t i_disksize; /* * i_data_sem is for serialising ext4_truncate() against * ext4_getblock(). In the 2.4 ext2 design, great chunks of inode's * data tree are chopped off during truncate. We can't do that in * ext4 because whenever we perform intermediate commits during * truncate, the inode and all the metadata blocks *must* be in a * consistent state which allows truncation of the orphans to restart * during recovery. Hence we must fix the get_block-vs-truncate race * by other means, so we have i_data_sem. */ struct rw_semaphore i_data_sem; /* * i_mmap_sem is for serializing page faults with truncate / punch hole * operations. We have to make sure that new page cannot be faulted in * a section of the inode that is being punched. We cannot easily use * i_data_sem for this since we need protection for the whole punch * operation and i_data_sem ranks below transaction start so we have * to occasionally drop it. */ struct rw_semaphore i_mmap_sem; struct inode vfs_inode; struct jbd2_inode *jinode; spinlock_t i_raw_lock; /* protects updates to the raw inode */ /* * File creation time. Its function is same as that of * struct timespec64 i_{a,c,m}time in the generic inode. */ struct timespec64 i_crtime; /* mballoc */ atomic_t i_prealloc_active; struct list_head i_prealloc_list; spinlock_t i_prealloc_lock; /* extents status tree */ struct ext4_es_tree i_es_tree; rwlock_t i_es_lock; struct list_head i_es_list; unsigned int i_es_all_nr; /* protected by i_es_lock */ unsigned int i_es_shk_nr; /* protected by i_es_lock */ ext4_lblk_t i_es_shrink_lblk; /* Offset where we start searching for extents to shrink. Protected by i_es_lock */ /* ialloc */ ext4_group_t i_last_alloc_group; /* allocation reservation info for delalloc */ /* In case of bigalloc, this refer to clusters rather than blocks */ unsigned int i_reserved_data_blocks; /* pending cluster reservations for bigalloc file systems */ struct ext4_pending_tree i_pending_tree; /* on-disk additional length */ __u16 i_extra_isize; /* Indicate the inline data space. */ u16 i_inline_off; u16 i_inline_size; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* quota space reservation, managed internally by quota code */ qsize_t i_reserved_quota; #endif /* Lock protecting lists below */ spinlock_t i_completed_io_lock; /* * Completed IOs that need unwritten extents handling and have * transaction reserved */ struct list_head i_rsv_conversion_list; struct work_struct i_rsv_conversion_work; atomic_t i_unwritten; /* Nr. of inflight conversions pending */ spinlock_t i_block_reservation_lock; /* * Transactions that contain inode's metadata needed to complete * fsync and fdatasync, respectively. */ tid_t i_sync_tid; tid_t i_datasync_tid; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA struct dquot *i_dquot[MAXQUOTAS]; #endif /* Precomputed uuid+inum+igen checksum for seeding inode checksums */ __u32 i_csum_seed; kprojid_t i_projid; }; /* * File system states */ #define EXT4_VALID_FS 0x0001 /* Unmounted cleanly */ #define EXT4_ERROR_FS 0x0002 /* Errors detected */ #define EXT4_ORPHAN_FS 0x0004 /* Orphans being recovered */ #define EXT4_FC_REPLAY 0x0020 /* Fast commit replay ongoing */ /* * Misc. filesystem flags */ #define EXT2_FLAGS_SIGNED_HASH 0x0001 /* Signed dirhash in use */ #define EXT2_FLAGS_UNSIGNED_HASH 0x0002 /* Unsigned dirhash in use */ #define EXT2_FLAGS_TEST_FILESYS 0x0004 /* to test development code */ /* * Mount flags set via mount options or defaults */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_MBCACHE 0x00001 /* Do not use mbcache */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_GRPID 0x00004 /* Create files with directory's group */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DEBUG 0x00008 /* Some debugging messages */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_CONT 0x00010 /* Continue on errors */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_RO 0x00020 /* Remount fs ro on errors */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_PANIC 0x00040 /* Panic on errors */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_MASK 0x00070 #define EXT4_MOUNT_MINIX_DF 0x00080 /* Mimics the Minix statfs */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NOLOAD 0x00100 /* Don't use existing journal*/ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_DAX #define EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS 0x00200 /* Direct Access */ #else #define EXT4_MOUNT_DAX_ALWAYS 0 #endif #define EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_FLAGS 0x00C00 /* Mode for data writes: */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA 0x00400 /* Write data to journal */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA 0x00800 /* Flush data before commit */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA 0x00C00 /* No data ordering */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_UPDATE_JOURNAL 0x01000 /* Update the journal format */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_UID32 0x02000 /* Disable 32-bit UIDs */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_XATTR_USER 0x04000 /* Extended user attributes */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_POSIX_ACL 0x08000 /* POSIX Access Control Lists */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC 0x10000 /* No auto delalloc mapping */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_BARRIER 0x20000 /* Use block barriers */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA 0x40000 /* Some quota option set */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_USRQUOTA 0x80000 /* "old" user quota, * enable enforcement for hidden * quota files */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_GRPQUOTA 0x100000 /* "old" group quota, enable * enforcement for hidden quota * files */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_PRJQUOTA 0x200000 /* Enable project quota * enforcement */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DIOREAD_NOLOCK 0x400000 /* Enable support for dio read nolocking */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM 0x800000 /* Journal checksums */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_ASYNC_COMMIT 0x1000000 /* Journal Async Commit */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_WARN_ON_ERROR 0x2000000 /* Trigger WARN_ON on error */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_PREFETCH_BLOCK_BITMAPS 0x4000000 #define EXT4_MOUNT_DELALLOC 0x8000000 /* Delalloc support */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_ERR_ABORT 0x10000000 /* Abort on file data write */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_BLOCK_VALIDITY 0x20000000 /* Block validity checking */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_DISCARD 0x40000000 /* Issue DISCARD requests */ #define EXT4_MOUNT_INIT_INODE_TABLE 0x80000000 /* Initialize uninitialized itables */ /* * Mount flags set either automatically (could not be set by mount option) * based on per file system feature or property or in special cases such as * distinguishing between explicit mount option definition and default. */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_EXPLICIT_DELALLOC 0x00000001 /* User explicitly specified delalloc */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_STD_GROUP_SIZE 0x00000002 /* We have standard group size of blocksize * 8 blocks */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_HURD_COMPAT 0x00000004 /* Support HURD-castrated file systems */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_EXPLICIT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM 0x00000008 /* User explicitly specified journal checksum */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_JOURNAL_FAST_COMMIT 0x00000010 /* Journal fast commit */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_NEVER 0x00000020 /* Do not allow Direct Access */ #define EXT4_MOUNT2_DAX_INODE 0x00000040 /* For printing options only */ #define clear_opt(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt &= \ ~EXT4_MOUNT_##opt #define set_opt(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt |= \ EXT4_MOUNT_##opt #define test_opt(sb, opt) (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt & \ EXT4_MOUNT_##opt) #define clear_opt2(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 &= \ ~EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt #define set_opt2(sb, opt) EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 |= \ EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt #define test_opt2(sb, opt) (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 & \ EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt) #define ext4_test_and_set_bit __test_and_set_bit_le #define ext4_set_bit __set_bit_le #define ext4_set_bit_atomic ext2_set_bit_atomic #define ext4_test_and_clear_bit __test_and_clear_bit_le #define ext4_clear_bit __clear_bit_le #define ext4_clear_bit_atomic ext2_clear_bit_atomic #define ext4_test_bit test_bit_le #define ext4_find_next_zero_bit find_next_zero_bit_le #define ext4_find_next_bit find_next_bit_le extern void ext4_set_bits(void *bm, int cur, int len); /* * Maximal mount counts between two filesystem checks */ #define EXT4_DFL_MAX_MNT_COUNT 20 /* Allow 20 mounts */ #define EXT4_DFL_CHECKINTERVAL 0 /* Don't use interval check */ /* * Behaviour when detecting errors */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE 1 /* Continue execution */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_RO 2 /* Remount fs read-only */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_PANIC 3 /* Panic */ #define EXT4_ERRORS_DEFAULT EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE /* Metadata checksum algorithm codes */ #define EXT4_CRC32C_CHKSUM 1 /* * Structure of the super block */ struct ext4_super_block { /*00*/ __le32 s_inodes_count; /* Inodes count */ __le32 s_blocks_count_lo; /* Blocks count */ __le32 s_r_blocks_count_lo; /* Reserved blocks count */ __le32 s_free_blocks_count_lo; /* Free blocks count */ /*10*/ __le32 s_free_inodes_count; /* Free inodes count */ __le32 s_first_data_block; /* First Data Block */ __le32 s_log_block_size; /* Block size */ __le32 s_log_cluster_size; /* Allocation cluster size */ /*20*/ __le32 s_blocks_per_group; /* # Blocks per group */ __le32 s_clusters_per_group; /* # Clusters per group */ __le32 s_inodes_per_group; /* # Inodes per group */ __le32 s_mtime; /* Mount time */ /*30*/ __le32 s_wtime; /* Write time */ __le16 s_mnt_count; /* Mount count */ __le16 s_max_mnt_count; /* Maximal mount count */ __le16 s_magic; /* Magic signature */ __le16 s_state; /* File system state */ __le16 s_errors; /* Behaviour when detecting errors */ __le16 s_minor_rev_level; /* minor revision level */ /*40*/ __le32 s_lastcheck; /* time of last check */ __le32 s_checkinterval; /* max. time between checks */ __le32 s_creator_os; /* OS */ __le32 s_rev_level; /* Revision level */ /*50*/ __le16 s_def_resuid; /* Default uid for reserved blocks */ __le16 s_def_resgid; /* Default gid for reserved blocks */ /* * These fields are for EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV superblocks only. * * Note: the difference between the compatible feature set and * the incompatible feature set is that if there is a bit set * in the incompatible feature set that the kernel doesn't * know about, it should refuse to mount the filesystem. * * e2fsck's requirements are more strict; if it doesn't know * about a feature in either the compatible or incompatible * feature set, it must abort and not try to meddle with * things it doesn't understand... */ __le32 s_first_ino; /* First non-reserved inode */ __le16 s_inode_size; /* size of inode structure */ __le16 s_block_group_nr; /* block group # of this superblock */ __le32 s_feature_compat; /* compatible feature set */ /*60*/ __le32 s_feature_incompat; /* incompatible feature set */ __le32 s_feature_ro_compat; /* readonly-compatible feature set */ /*68*/ __u8 s_uuid[16]; /* 128-bit uuid for volume */ /*78*/ char s_volume_name[16]; /* volume name */ /*88*/ char s_last_mounted[64] __nonstring; /* directory where last mounted */ /*C8*/ __le32 s_algorithm_usage_bitmap; /* For compression */ /* * Performance hints. Directory preallocation should only * happen if the EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_PREALLOC flag is on. */ __u8 s_prealloc_blocks; /* Nr of blocks to try to preallocate*/ __u8 s_prealloc_dir_blocks; /* Nr to preallocate for dirs */ __le16 s_reserved_gdt_blocks; /* Per group desc for online growth */ /* * Journaling support valid if EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL set. */ /*D0*/ __u8 s_journal_uuid[16]; /* uuid of journal superblock */ /*E0*/ __le32 s_journal_inum; /* inode number of journal file */ __le32 s_journal_dev; /* device number of journal file */ __le32 s_last_orphan; /* start of list of inodes to delete */ __le32 s_hash_seed[4]; /* HTREE hash seed */ __u8 s_def_hash_version; /* Default hash version to use */ __u8 s_jnl_backup_type; __le16 s_desc_size; /* size of group descriptor */ /*100*/ __le32 s_default_mount_opts; __le32 s_first_meta_bg; /* First metablock block group */ __le32 s_mkfs_time; /* When the filesystem was created */ __le32 s_jnl_blocks[17]; /* Backup of the journal inode */ /* 64bit support valid if EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_64BIT */ /*150*/ __le32 s_blocks_count_hi; /* Blocks count */ __le32 s_r_blocks_count_hi; /* Reserved blocks count */ __le32 s_free_blocks_count_hi; /* Free blocks count */ __le16 s_min_extra_isize; /* All inodes have at least # bytes */ __le16 s_want_extra_isize; /* New inodes should reserve # bytes */ __le32 s_flags; /* Miscellaneous flags */ __le16 s_raid_stride; /* RAID stride */ __le16 s_mmp_update_interval; /* # seconds to wait in MMP checking */ __le64 s_mmp_block; /* Block for multi-mount protection */ __le32 s_raid_stripe_width; /* blocks on all data disks (N*stride)*/ __u8 s_log_groups_per_flex; /* FLEX_BG group size */ __u8 s_checksum_type; /* metadata checksum algorithm used */ __u8 s_encryption_level; /* versioning level for encryption */ __u8 s_reserved_pad; /* Padding to next 32bits */ __le64 s_kbytes_written; /* nr of lifetime kilobytes written */ __le32 s_snapshot_inum; /* Inode number of active snapshot */ __le32 s_snapshot_id; /* sequential ID of active snapshot */ __le64 s_snapshot_r_blocks_count; /* reserved blocks for active snapshot's future use */ __le32 s_snapshot_list; /* inode number of the head of the on-disk snapshot list */ #define EXT4_S_ERR_START offsetof(struct ext4_super_block, s_error_count) __le32 s_error_count; /* number of fs errors */ __le32 s_first_error_time; /* first time an error happened */ __le32 s_first_error_ino; /* inode involved in first error */ __le64 s_first_error_block; /* block involved of first error */ __u8 s_first_error_func[32] __nonstring; /* function where the error happened */ __le32 s_first_error_line; /* line number where error happened */ __le32 s_last_error_time; /* most recent time of an error */ __le32 s_last_error_ino; /* inode involved in last error */ __le32 s_last_error_line; /* line number where error happened */ __le64 s_last_error_block; /* block involved of last error */ __u8 s_last_error_func[32] __nonstring; /* function where the error happened */ #define EXT4_S_ERR_END offsetof(struct ext4_super_block, s_mount_opts) __u8 s_mount_opts[64]; __le32 s_usr_quota_inum; /* inode for tracking user quota */ __le32 s_grp_quota_inum; /* inode for tracking group quota */ __le32 s_overhead_clusters; /* overhead blocks/clusters in fs */ __le32 s_backup_bgs[2]; /* groups with sparse_super2 SBs */ __u8 s_encrypt_algos[4]; /* Encryption algorithms in use */ __u8 s_encrypt_pw_salt[16]; /* Salt used for string2key algorithm */ __le32 s_lpf_ino; /* Location of the lost+found inode */ __le32 s_prj_quota_inum; /* inode for tracking project quota */ __le32 s_checksum_seed; /* crc32c(uuid) if csum_seed set */ __u8 s_wtime_hi; __u8 s_mtime_hi; __u8 s_mkfs_time_hi; __u8 s_lastcheck_hi; __u8 s_first_error_time_hi; __u8 s_last_error_time_hi; __u8 s_first_error_errcode; __u8 s_last_error_errcode; __le16 s_encoding; /* Filename charset encoding */ __le16 s_encoding_flags; /* Filename charset encoding flags */ __le32 s_reserved[95]; /* Padding to the end of the block */ __le32 s_checksum; /* crc32c(superblock) */ }; #define EXT4_S_ERR_LEN (EXT4_S_ERR_END - EXT4_S_ERR_START) #ifdef __KERNEL__ #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION #define DUMMY_ENCRYPTION_ENABLED(sbi) ((sbi)->s_dummy_enc_policy.policy != NULL) #else #define DUMMY_ENCRYPTION_ENABLED(sbi) (0) #endif /* Number of quota types we support */ #define EXT4_MAXQUOTAS 3 #define EXT4_ENC_UTF8_12_1 1 /* * fourth extended-fs super-block data in memory */ struct ext4_sb_info { unsigned long s_desc_size; /* Size of a group descriptor in bytes */ unsigned long s_inodes_per_block;/* Number of inodes per block */ unsigned long s_blocks_per_group;/* Number of blocks in a group */ unsigned long s_clusters_per_group; /* Number of clusters in a group */ unsigned long s_inodes_per_group;/* Number of inodes in a group */ unsigned long s_itb_per_group; /* Number of inode table blocks per group */ unsigned long s_gdb_count; /* Number of group descriptor blocks */ unsigned long s_desc_per_block; /* Number of group descriptors per block */ ext4_group_t s_groups_count; /* Number of groups in the fs */ ext4_group_t s_blockfile_groups;/* Groups acceptable for non-extent files */ unsigned long s_overhead; /* # of fs overhead clusters */ unsigned int s_cluster_ratio; /* Number of blocks per cluster */ unsigned int s_cluster_bits; /* log2 of s_cluster_ratio */ loff_t s_bitmap_maxbytes; /* max bytes for bitmap files */ struct buffer_head * s_sbh; /* Buffer containing the super block */ struct ext4_super_block *s_es; /* Pointer to the super block in the buffer */ struct buffer_head * __rcu *s_group_desc; unsigned int s_mount_opt; unsigned int s_mount_opt2; unsigned long s_mount_flags; unsigned int s_def_mount_opt; ext4_fsblk_t s_sb_block; atomic64_t s_resv_clusters; kuid_t s_resuid; kgid_t s_resgid; unsigned short s_mount_state; unsigned short s_pad; int s_addr_per_block_bits; int s_desc_per_block_bits; int s_inode_size; int s_first_ino; unsigned int s_inode_readahead_blks; unsigned int s_inode_goal; u32 s_hash_seed[4]; int s_def_hash_version; int s_hash_unsigned; /* 3 if hash should be signed, 0 if not */ struct percpu_counter s_freeclusters_counter; struct percpu_counter s_freeinodes_counter; struct percpu_counter s_dirs_counter; struct percpu_counter s_dirtyclusters_counter; struct percpu_counter s_sra_exceeded_retry_limit; struct blockgroup_lock *s_blockgroup_lock; struct proc_dir_entry *s_proc; struct kobject s_kobj; struct completion s_kobj_unregister; struct super_block *s_sb; struct buffer_head *s_mmp_bh; /* Journaling */ struct journal_s *s_journal; struct list_head s_orphan; struct mutex s_orphan_lock; unsigned long s_ext4_flags; /* Ext4 superblock flags */ unsigned long s_commit_interval; u32 s_max_batch_time; u32 s_min_batch_time; struct block_device *s_journal_bdev; #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA /* Names of quota files with journalled quota */ char __rcu *s_qf_names[EXT4_MAXQUOTAS]; int s_jquota_fmt; /* Format of quota to use */ #endif unsigned int s_want_extra_isize; /* New inodes should reserve # bytes */ struct ext4_system_blocks __rcu *s_system_blks; #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS /* ext4 extents stats */ unsigned long s_ext_min; unsigned long s_ext_max; unsigned long s_depth_max; spinlock_t s_ext_stats_lock; unsigned long s_ext_blocks; unsigned long s_ext_extents; #endif /* for buddy allocator */ struct ext4_group_info ** __rcu *s_group_info; struct inode *s_buddy_cache; spinlock_t s_md_lock; unsigned short *s_mb_offsets; unsigned int *s_mb_maxs; unsigned int s_group_info_size; unsigned int s_mb_free_pending; struct list_head s_freed_data_list; /* List of blocks to be freed after commit completed */ /* tunables */ unsigned long s_stripe; unsigned int s_mb_stream_request; unsigned int s_mb_max_to_scan; unsigned int s_mb_min_to_scan; unsigned int s_mb_stats; unsigned int s_mb_order2_reqs; unsigned int s_mb_group_prealloc; unsigned int s_mb_max_inode_prealloc; unsigned int s_max_dir_size_kb; /* where last allocation was done - for stream allocation */ unsigned long s_mb_last_group; unsigned long s_mb_last_start; unsigned int s_mb_prefetch; unsigned int s_mb_prefetch_limit; /* stats for buddy allocator */ atomic_t s_bal_reqs; /* number of reqs with len > 1 */ atomic_t s_bal_success; /* we found long enough chunks */ atomic_t s_bal_allocated; /* in blocks */ atomic_t s_bal_ex_scanned; /* total extents scanned */ atomic_t s_bal_goals; /* goal hits */ atomic_t s_bal_breaks; /* too long searches */ atomic_t s_bal_2orders; /* 2^order hits */ spinlock_t s_bal_lock; unsigned long s_mb_buddies_generated; unsigned long long s_mb_generation_time; atomic_t s_mb_lost_chunks; atomic_t s_mb_preallocated; atomic_t s_mb_discarded; atomic_t s_lock_busy; /* locality groups */ struct ext4_locality_group __percpu *s_locality_groups; /* for write statistics */ unsigned long s_sectors_written_start; u64 s_kbytes_written; /* the size of zero-out chunk */ unsigned int s_extent_max_zeroout_kb; unsigned int s_log_groups_per_flex; struct flex_groups * __rcu *s_flex_groups; ext4_group_t s_flex_groups_allocated; /* workqueue for reserved extent conversions (buffered io) */ struct workqueue_struct *rsv_conversion_wq; /* timer for periodic error stats printing */ struct timer_list s_err_report; /* Lazy inode table initialization info */ struct ext4_li_request *s_li_request; /* Wait multiplier for lazy initialization thread */ unsigned int s_li_wait_mult; /* Kernel thread for multiple mount protection */ struct task_struct *s_mmp_tsk; /* record the last minlen when FITRIM is called. */ atomic_t s_last_trim_minblks; /* Reference to checksum algorithm driver via cryptoapi */ struct crypto_shash *s_chksum_driver; /* Precomputed FS UUID checksum for seeding other checksums */ __u32 s_csum_seed; /* Reclaim extents from extent status tree */ struct shrinker s_es_shrinker; struct list_head s_es_list; /* List of inodes with reclaimable extents */ long s_es_nr_inode; struct ext4_es_stats s_es_stats; struct mb_cache *s_ea_block_cache; struct mb_cache *s_ea_inode_cache; spinlock_t s_es_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* Ratelimit ext4 messages. */ struct ratelimit_state s_err_ratelimit_state; struct ratelimit_state s_warning_ratelimit_state; struct ratelimit_state s_msg_ratelimit_state; atomic_t s_warning_count; atomic_t s_msg_count; /* Encryption policy for '-o test_dummy_encryption' */ struct fscrypt_dummy_policy s_dummy_enc_policy; /* * Barrier between writepages ops and changing any inode's JOURNAL_DATA * or EXTENTS flag. */ struct percpu_rw_semaphore s_writepages_rwsem; struct dax_device *s_daxdev; #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG unsigned long s_simulate_fail; #endif /* Record the errseq of the backing block device */ errseq_t s_bdev_wb_err; spinlock_t s_bdev_wb_lock; /* Ext4 fast commit stuff */ atomic_t s_fc_subtid; atomic_t s_fc_ineligible_updates; /* * After commit starts, the main queue gets locked, and the further * updates get added in the staging queue. */ #define FC_Q_MAIN 0 #define FC_Q_STAGING 1 struct list_head s_fc_q[2]; /* Inodes staged for fast commit * that have data changes in them. */ struct list_head s_fc_dentry_q[2]; /* directory entry updates */ unsigned int s_fc_bytes; /* * Main fast commit lock. This lock protects accesses to the * following fields: * ei->i_fc_list, s_fc_dentry_q, s_fc_q, s_fc_bytes, s_fc_bh. */ spinlock_t s_fc_lock; struct buffer_head *s_fc_bh; struct ext4_fc_stats s_fc_stats; u64 s_fc_avg_commit_time; #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG int s_fc_debug_max_replay; #endif struct ext4_fc_replay_state s_fc_replay_state; }; static inline struct ext4_sb_info *EXT4_SB(struct super_block *sb) { return sb->s_fs_info; } static inline struct ext4_inode_info *EXT4_I(struct inode *inode) { return container_of(inode, struct ext4_inode_info, vfs_inode); } static inline int ext4_valid_inum(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino) { return ino == EXT4_ROOT_INO || (ino >= EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb) && ino <= le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_inodes_count)); } /* * Returns: sbi->field[index] * Used to access an array element from the following sbi fields which require * rcu protection to avoid dereferencing an invalid pointer due to reassignment * - s_group_desc * - s_group_info * - s_flex_group */ #define sbi_array_rcu_deref(sbi, field, index) \ ({ \ typeof(*((sbi)->field)) _v; \ rcu_read_lock(); \ _v = ((typeof(_v)*)rcu_dereference((sbi)->field))[index]; \ rcu_read_unlock(); \ _v; \ }) /* * run-time mount flags */ enum { EXT4_MF_MNTDIR_SAMPLED, EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED, /* Fatal error detected */ EXT4_MF_FC_INELIGIBLE, /* Fast commit ineligible */ EXT4_MF_FC_COMMITTING /* File system underoing a fast * commit. */ }; static inline void ext4_set_mount_flag(struct super_block *sb, int bit) { set_bit(bit, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_flags); } static inline void ext4_clear_mount_flag(struct super_block *sb, int bit) { clear_bit(bit, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_flags); } static inline int ext4_test_mount_flag(struct super_block *sb, int bit) { return test_bit(bit, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_flags); } /* * Simulate_fail codes */ #define EXT4_SIM_BBITMAP_EIO 1 #define EXT4_SIM_BBITMAP_CRC 2 #define EXT4_SIM_IBITMAP_EIO 3 #define EXT4_SIM_IBITMAP_CRC 4 #define EXT4_SIM_INODE_EIO 5 #define EXT4_SIM_INODE_CRC 6 #define EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_EIO 7 #define EXT4_SIM_DIRBLOCK_CRC 8 static inline bool ext4_simulate_fail(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long code) { #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb); if (unlikely(sbi->s_simulate_fail == code)) { sbi->s_simulate_fail = 0; return true; } #endif return false; } static inline void ext4_simulate_fail_bh(struct super_block *sb, struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned long code) { if (!IS_ERR(bh) && ext4_simulate_fail(sb, code)) clear_buffer_uptodate(bh); } /* * Error number codes for s_{first,last}_error_errno * * Linux errno numbers are architecture specific, so we need to translate * them into something which is architecture independent. We don't define * codes for all errno's; just the ones which are most likely to be the cause * of an ext4_error() call. */ #define EXT4_ERR_UNKNOWN 1 #define EXT4_ERR_EIO 2 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOMEM 3 #define EXT4_ERR_EFSBADCRC 4 #define EXT4_ERR_EFSCORRUPTED 5 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOSPC 6 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOKEY 7 #define EXT4_ERR_EROFS 8 #define EXT4_ERR_EFBIG 9 #define EXT4_ERR_EEXIST 10 #define EXT4_ERR_ERANGE 11 #define EXT4_ERR_EOVERFLOW 12 #define EXT4_ERR_EBUSY 13 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOTDIR 14 #define EXT4_ERR_ENOTEMPTY 15 #define EXT4_ERR_ESHUTDOWN 16 #define EXT4_ERR_EFAULT 17 /* * Inode dynamic state flags */ enum { EXT4_STATE_JDATA, /* journaled data exists */ EXT4_STATE_NEW, /* inode is newly created */ EXT4_STATE_XATTR, /* has in-inode xattrs */ EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND, /* No space for expansion */ EXT4_STATE_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE, /* Alloc DA blks on close */ EXT4_STATE_EXT_MIGRATE, /* Inode is migrating */ EXT4_STATE_NEWENTRY, /* File just added to dir */ EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA, /* may have in-inode data */ EXT4_STATE_EXT_PRECACHED, /* extents have been precached */ EXT4_STATE_LUSTRE_EA_INODE, /* Lustre-style ea_inode */ EXT4_STATE_VERITY_IN_PROGRESS, /* building fs-verity Merkle tree */ EXT4_STATE_FC_COMMITTING, /* Fast commit ongoing */ }; #define EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(name, field, offset) \ static inline int ext4_test_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit) \ { \ return test_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit) \ { \ set_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit) \ { \ clear_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field); \ } /* Add these declarations here only so that these functions can be * found by name. Otherwise, they are very hard to locate. */ static inline int ext4_test_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_set_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_clear_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit); EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(flag, flags, 0) /* Add these declarations here only so that these functions can be * found by name. Otherwise, they are very hard to locate. */ static inline int ext4_test_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_set_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit); static inline void ext4_clear_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit); #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64) EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(state, state_flags, 0) static inline void ext4_clear_state_flags(struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { (ei)->i_state_flags = 0; } #else EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(state, flags, 32) static inline void ext4_clear_state_flags(struct ext4_inode_info *ei) { /* We depend on the fact that callers will set i_flags */ } #endif #else /* Assume that user mode programs are passing in an ext4fs superblock, not * a kernel struct super_block. This will allow us to call the feature-test * macros from user land. */ #define EXT4_SB(sb) (sb) #endif static inline bool ext4_verity_in_progress(struct inode *inode) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_VERITY) && ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_VERITY_IN_PROGRESS); } #define NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) EXT4_I(inode)->i_dtime /* * Codes for operating systems */ #define EXT4_OS_LINUX 0 #define EXT4_OS_HURD 1 #define EXT4_OS_MASIX 2 #define EXT4_OS_FREEBSD 3 #define EXT4_OS_LITES 4 /* * Revision levels */ #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV 0 /* The good old (original) format */ #define EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV 1 /* V2 format w/ dynamic inode sizes */ #define EXT4_CURRENT_REV EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV #define EXT4_MAX_SUPP_REV EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE 128 #define EXT4_EXTRA_TIMESTAMP_MAX (((s64)1 << 34) - 1 + S32_MIN) #define EXT4_NON_EXTRA_TIMESTAMP_MAX S32_MAX #define EXT4_TIMESTAMP_MIN S32_MIN /* * Feature set definitions */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_PREALLOC 0x0001 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_IMAGIC_INODES 0x0002 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL 0x0004 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR 0x0008 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_RESIZE_INODE 0x0010 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_INDEX 0x0020 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER2 0x0200 /* * The reason why "FAST_COMMIT" is a compat feature is that, FS becomes * incompatible only if fast commit blocks are present in the FS. Since we * clear the journal (and thus the fast commit blocks), we don't mark FS as * incompatible. We also have a JBD2 incompat feature, which gets set when * there are fast commit blocks present in the journal. */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FAST_COMMIT 0x0400 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_STABLE_INODES 0x0800 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER 0x0001 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE 0x0002 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR 0x0004 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_HUGE_FILE 0x0008 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM 0x0010 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_DIR_NLINK 0x0020 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_EXTRA_ISIZE 0x0040 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA 0x0100 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC 0x0200 /* * METADATA_CSUM also enables group descriptor checksums (GDT_CSUM). When * METADATA_CSUM is set, group descriptor checksums use the same algorithm as * all other data structures' checksums. However, the METADATA_CSUM and * GDT_CSUM bits are mutually exclusive. */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM 0x0400 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_READONLY 0x1000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_PROJECT 0x2000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_VERITY 0x8000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_COMPRESSION 0x0001 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE 0x0002 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER 0x0004 /* Needs recovery */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_JOURNAL_DEV 0x0008 /* Journal device */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG 0x0010 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EXTENTS 0x0040 /* extents support */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT 0x0080 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_MMP 0x0100 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG 0x0200 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EA_INODE 0x0400 /* EA in inode */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_DIRDATA 0x1000 /* data in dirent */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_SEED 0x2000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_LARGEDIR 0x4000 /* >2GB or 3-lvl htree */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_INLINE_DATA 0x8000 /* data in inode */ #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ENCRYPT 0x10000 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CASEFOLD 0x20000 extern void ext4_update_dynamic_rev(struct super_block *sb); #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool ext4_has_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ ext4_update_dynamic_rev(sb); \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat |= \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool ext4_has_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ ext4_update_dynamic_rev(sb); \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat |= \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat &= \ ~cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_##flagname); \ } #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(name, flagname) \ static inline bool ext4_has_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat & \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname)) != 0); \ } \ static inline void ext4_set_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ ext4_update_dynamic_rev(sb); \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat |= \ cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } \ static inline void ext4_clear_feature_##name(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat &= \ ~cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_##flagname); \ } EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(dir_prealloc, DIR_PREALLOC) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(imagic_inodes, IMAGIC_INODES) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(journal, HAS_JOURNAL) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(xattr, EXT_ATTR) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(resize_inode, RESIZE_INODE) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(dir_index, DIR_INDEX) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(sparse_super2, SPARSE_SUPER2) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(fast_commit, FAST_COMMIT) EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_FUNCS(stable_inodes, STABLE_INODES) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(sparse_super, SPARSE_SUPER) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(large_file, LARGE_FILE) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(btree_dir, BTREE_DIR) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(huge_file, HUGE_FILE) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(gdt_csum, GDT_CSUM) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(dir_nlink, DIR_NLINK) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(extra_isize, EXTRA_ISIZE) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(quota, QUOTA) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(bigalloc, BIGALLOC) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(metadata_csum, METADATA_CSUM) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(readonly, READONLY) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(project, PROJECT) EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_FUNCS(verity, VERITY) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(compression, COMPRESSION) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(filetype, FILETYPE) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(journal_needs_recovery, RECOVER) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(journal_dev, JOURNAL_DEV) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(meta_bg, META_BG) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(extents, EXTENTS) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(64bit, 64BIT) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(mmp, MMP) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(flex_bg, FLEX_BG) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(ea_inode, EA_INODE) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(dirdata, DIRDATA) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(csum_seed, CSUM_SEED) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(largedir, LARGEDIR) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(inline_data, INLINE_DATA) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(encrypt, ENCRYPT) EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FUNCS(casefold, CASEFOLD) #define EXT2_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR #define EXT2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG) #define EXT2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR) #define EXT3_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR #define EXT3_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG) #define EXT3_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR) #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EXTENTS| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EA_INODE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_MMP | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_INLINE_DATA | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_ENCRYPT | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CASEFOLD | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_CSUM_SEED | \ EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_LARGEDIR) #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM| \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_DIR_NLINK | \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_EXTRA_ISIZE | \ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_HUGE_FILE |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM|\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_PROJECT |\ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_VERITY) #define EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(ver) \ static inline bool ext4_has_unknown_ext##ver##_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(~EXT##ver##_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP)) != 0); \ } \ static inline bool ext4_has_unknown_ext##ver##_ro_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat & \ cpu_to_le32(~EXT##ver##_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP)) != 0); \ } \ static inline bool ext4_has_unknown_ext##ver##_incompat_features(struct super_block *sb) \ { \ return ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat & \ cpu_to_le32(~EXT##ver##_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP)) != 0); \ } EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(2) EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(3) EXTN_FEATURE_FUNCS(4) static inline bool ext4_has_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) { return (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat != 0); } static inline bool ext4_has_ro_compat_features(struct super_block *sb) { return (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat != 0); } static inline bool ext4_has_incompat_features(struct super_block *sb) { return (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat != 0); } /* * Superblock flags */ #define EXT4_FLAGS_RESIZING 0 #define EXT4_FLAGS_SHUTDOWN 1 #define EXT4_FLAGS_BDEV_IS_DAX 2 static inline int ext4_forced_shutdown(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { return test_bit(EXT4_FLAGS_SHUTDOWN, &sbi->s_ext4_flags); } /* * Default values for user and/or group using reserved blocks */ #define EXT4_DEF_RESUID 0 #define EXT4_DEF_RESGID 0 /* * Default project ID */ #define EXT4_DEF_PROJID 0 #define EXT4_DEF_INODE_READAHEAD_BLKS 32 /* * Default mount options */ #define EXT4_DEFM_DEBUG 0x0001 #define EXT4_DEFM_BSDGROUPS 0x0002 #define EXT4_DEFM_XATTR_USER 0x0004 #define EXT4_DEFM_ACL 0x0008 #define EXT4_DEFM_UID16 0x0010 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE 0x0060 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_DATA 0x0020 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_ORDERED 0x0040 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_WBACK 0x0060 #define EXT4_DEFM_NOBARRIER 0x0100 #define EXT4_DEFM_BLOCK_VALIDITY 0x0200 #define EXT4_DEFM_DISCARD 0x0400 #define EXT4_DEFM_NODELALLOC 0x0800 /* * Default journal batch times */ #define EXT4_DEF_MIN_BATCH_TIME 0 #define EXT4_DEF_MAX_BATCH_TIME 15000 /* 15ms */ /* * Minimum number of groups in a flexgroup before we separate out * directories into the first block group of a flexgroup */ #define EXT4_FLEX_SIZE_DIR_ALLOC_SCHEME 4 /* * Structure of a directory entry */ #define EXT4_NAME_LEN 255 struct ext4_dir_entry { __le32 inode; /* Inode number */ __le16 rec_len; /* Directory entry length */ __le16 name_len; /* Name length */ char name[EXT4_NAME_LEN]; /* File name */ }; /* * The new version of the directory entry. Since EXT4 structures are * stored in intel byte order, and the name_len field could never be * bigger than 255 chars, it's safe to reclaim the extra byte for the * file_type field. */ struct ext4_dir_entry_2 { __le32 inode; /* Inode number */ __le16 rec_len; /* Directory entry length */ __u8 name_len; /* Name length */ __u8 file_type; /* See file type macros EXT4_FT_* below */ char name[EXT4_NAME_LEN]; /* File name */ }; /* * This is a bogus directory entry at the end of each leaf block that * records checksums. */ struct ext4_dir_entry_tail { __le32 det_reserved_zero1; /* Pretend to be unused */ __le16 det_rec_len; /* 12 */ __u8 det_reserved_zero2; /* Zero name length */ __u8 det_reserved_ft; /* 0xDE, fake file type */ __le32 det_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+inum+dirblock) */ }; #define EXT4_DIRENT_TAIL(block, blocksize) \ ((struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *)(((void *)(block)) + \ ((blocksize) - \ sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail)))) /* * Ext4 directory file types. Only the low 3 bits are used. The * other bits are reserved for now. */ #define EXT4_FT_UNKNOWN 0 #define EXT4_FT_REG_FILE 1 #define EXT4_FT_DIR 2 #define EXT4_FT_CHRDEV 3 #define EXT4_FT_BLKDEV 4 #define EXT4_FT_FIFO 5 #define EXT4_FT_SOCK 6 #define EXT4_FT_SYMLINK 7 #define EXT4_FT_MAX 8 #define EXT4_FT_DIR_CSUM 0xDE /* * EXT4_DIR_PAD defines the directory entries boundaries * * NOTE: It must be a multiple of 4 */ #define EXT4_DIR_PAD 4 #define EXT4_DIR_ROUND (EXT4_DIR_PAD - 1) #define EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(name_len) (((name_len) + 8 + EXT4_DIR_ROUND) & \ ~EXT4_DIR_ROUND) #define EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN ((1<<16)-1) /* * If we ever get support for fs block sizes > page_size, we'll need * to remove the #if statements in the next two functions... */ static inline unsigned int ext4_rec_len_from_disk(__le16 dlen, unsigned blocksize) { unsigned len = le16_to_cpu(dlen); #if (PAGE_SIZE >= 65536) if (len == EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN || len == 0) return blocksize; return (len & 65532) | ((len & 3) << 16); #else return len; #endif } static inline __le16 ext4_rec_len_to_disk(unsigned len, unsigned blocksize) { if ((len > blocksize) || (blocksize > (1 << 18)) || (len & 3)) BUG(); #if (PAGE_SIZE >= 65536) if (len < 65536) return cpu_to_le16(len); if (len == blocksize) { if (blocksize == 65536) return cpu_to_le16(EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN); else return cpu_to_le16(0); } return cpu_to_le16((len & 65532) | ((len >> 16) & 3)); #else return cpu_to_le16(len); #endif } /* * Hash Tree Directory indexing * (c) Daniel Phillips, 2001 */ #define is_dx(dir) (ext4_has_feature_dir_index((dir)->i_sb) && \ ext4_test_inode_flag((dir), EXT4_INODE_INDEX)) #define EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(dir) unlikely((dir)->i_nlink >= EXT4_LINK_MAX && \ !(ext4_has_feature_dir_nlink((dir)->i_sb) && is_dx(dir))) #define EXT4_DIR_LINK_EMPTY(dir) ((dir)->i_nlink == 2 || (dir)->i_nlink == 1) /* Legal values for the dx_root hash_version field: */ #define DX_HASH_LEGACY 0 #define DX_HASH_HALF_MD4 1 #define DX_HASH_TEA 2 #define DX_HASH_LEGACY_UNSIGNED 3 #define DX_HASH_HALF_MD4_UNSIGNED 4 #define DX_HASH_TEA_UNSIGNED 5 static inline u32 ext4_chksum(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, u32 crc, const void *address, unsigned int length) { struct { struct shash_desc shash; char ctx[4]; } desc; BUG_ON(crypto_shash_descsize(sbi->s_chksum_driver)!=sizeof(desc.ctx)); desc.shash.tfm = sbi->s_chksum_driver; *(u32 *)desc.ctx = crc; BUG_ON(crypto_shash_update(&desc.shash, address, length)); return *(u32 *)desc.ctx; } #ifdef __KERNEL__ /* hash info structure used by the directory hash */ struct dx_hash_info { u32 hash; u32 minor_hash; int hash_version; u32 *seed; }; /* 32 and 64 bit signed EOF for dx directories */ #define EXT4_HTREE_EOF_32BIT ((1UL << (32 - 1)) - 1) #define EXT4_HTREE_EOF_64BIT ((1ULL << (64 - 1)) - 1) /* * Control parameters used by ext4_htree_next_block */ #define HASH_NB_ALWAYS 1 struct ext4_filename { const struct qstr *usr_fname; struct fscrypt_str disk_name; struct dx_hash_info hinfo; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION struct fscrypt_str crypto_buf; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE struct fscrypt_str cf_name; #endif }; #define fname_name(p) ((p)->disk_name.name) #define fname_len(p) ((p)->disk_name.len) /* * Describe an inode's exact location on disk and in memory */ struct ext4_iloc { struct buffer_head *bh; unsigned long offset; ext4_group_t block_group; }; static inline struct ext4_inode *ext4_raw_inode(struct ext4_iloc *iloc) { return (struct ext4_inode *) (iloc->bh->b_data + iloc->offset); } static inline bool ext4_is_quota_file(struct inode *inode) { return IS_NOQUOTA(inode) && !(EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags & EXT4_EA_INODE_FL); } /* * This structure is stuffed into the struct file's private_data field * for directories. It is where we put information so that we can do * readdir operations in hash tree order. */ struct dir_private_info { struct rb_root root; struct rb_node *curr_node; struct fname *extra_fname; loff_t last_pos; __u32 curr_hash; __u32 curr_minor_hash; __u32 next_hash; }; /* calculate the first block number of the group */ static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_group_first_block_no(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group_no) { return group_no * (ext4_fsblk_t)EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) + le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_first_data_block); } /* * Special error return code only used by dx_probe() and its callers. */ #define ERR_BAD_DX_DIR (-(MAX_ERRNO - 1)) /* htree levels for ext4 */ #define EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL_COMPAT 2 #define EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL 3 static inline int ext4_dir_htree_level(struct super_block *sb) { return ext4_has_feature_largedir(sb) ? EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL : EXT4_HTREE_LEVEL_COMPAT; } /* * Timeout and state flag for lazy initialization inode thread. */ #define EXT4_DEF_LI_WAIT_MULT 10 #define EXT4_DEF_LI_MAX_START_DELAY 5 #define EXT4_LAZYINIT_QUIT 0x0001 #define EXT4_LAZYINIT_RUNNING 0x0002 /* * Lazy inode table initialization info */ struct ext4_lazy_init { unsigned long li_state; struct list_head li_request_list; struct mutex li_list_mtx; }; enum ext4_li_mode { EXT4_LI_MODE_PREFETCH_BBITMAP, EXT4_LI_MODE_ITABLE, }; struct ext4_li_request { struct super_block *lr_super; enum ext4_li_mode lr_mode; ext4_group_t lr_first_not_zeroed; ext4_group_t lr_next_group; struct list_head lr_request; unsigned long lr_next_sched; unsigned long lr_timeout; }; struct ext4_features { struct kobject f_kobj; struct completion f_kobj_unregister; }; /* * This structure will be used for multiple mount protection. It will be * written into the block number saved in the s_mmp_block field in the * superblock. Programs that check MMP should assume that if * SEQ_FSCK (or any unknown code above SEQ_MAX) is present then it is NOT safe * to use the filesystem, regardless of how old the timestamp is. */ #define EXT4_MMP_MAGIC 0x004D4D50U /* ASCII for MMP */ #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_CLEAN 0xFF4D4D50U /* mmp_seq value for clean unmount */ #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_FSCK 0xE24D4D50U /* mmp_seq value when being fscked */ #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_MAX 0xE24D4D4FU /* maximum valid mmp_seq value */ struct mmp_struct { __le32 mmp_magic; /* Magic number for MMP */ __le32 mmp_seq; /* Sequence no. updated periodically */ /* * mmp_time, mmp_nodename & mmp_bdevname are only used for information * purposes and do not affect the correctness of the algorithm */ __le64 mmp_time; /* Time last updated */ char mmp_nodename[64]; /* Node which last updated MMP block */ char mmp_bdevname[32]; /* Bdev which last updated MMP block */ /* * mmp_check_interval is used to verify if the MMP block has been * updated on the block device. The value is updated based on the * maximum time to write the MMP block during an update cycle. */ __le16 mmp_check_interval; __le16 mmp_pad1; __le32 mmp_pad2[226]; __le32 mmp_checksum; /* crc32c(uuid+mmp_block) */ }; /* arguments passed to the mmp thread */ struct mmpd_data { struct buffer_head *bh; /* bh from initial read_mmp_block() */ struct super_block *sb; /* super block of the fs */ }; /* * Check interval multiplier * The MMP block is written every update interval and initially checked every * update interval x the multiplier (the value is then adapted based on the * write latency). The reason is that writes can be delayed under load and we * don't want readers to incorrectly assume that the filesystem is no longer * in use. */ #define EXT4_MMP_CHECK_MULT 2UL /* * Minimum interval for MMP checking in seconds. */ #define EXT4_MMP_MIN_CHECK_INTERVAL 5UL /* * Maximum interval for MMP checking in seconds. */ #define EXT4_MMP_MAX_CHECK_INTERVAL 300UL /* * Function prototypes */ /* * Ok, these declarations are also in <linux/kernel.h> but none of the * ext4 source programs needs to include it so they are duplicated here. */ # define NORET_TYPE /**/ # define ATTRIB_NORET __attribute__((noreturn)) # define NORET_AND noreturn, /* bitmap.c */ extern unsigned int ext4_count_free(char *bitmap, unsigned numchars); void ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh, int sz); int ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh, int sz); void ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh); int ext4_block_bitmap_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp, struct buffer_head *bh); /* balloc.c */ extern void ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr, ext4_group_t *blockgrpp, ext4_grpblk_t *offsetp); extern ext4_group_t ext4_get_group_number(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block); extern unsigned int ext4_block_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr); extern ext4_grpblk_t ext4_block_group_offset(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t blocknr); extern int ext4_bg_has_super(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group); extern unsigned long ext4_bg_num_gdb(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_fsblk_t goal, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *count, int *errp); extern int ext4_claim_free_clusters(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, s64 nclusters, unsigned int flags); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_count_free_clusters(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_check_blocks_bitmap(struct super_block *); extern struct ext4_group_desc * ext4_get_group_desc(struct super_block * sb, ext4_group_t block_group, struct buffer_head ** bh); extern int ext4_should_retry_alloc(struct super_block *sb, int *retries); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_read_block_bitmap_nowait(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, bool ignore_locked); extern int ext4_wait_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, struct buffer_head *bh); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_read_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group); extern unsigned ext4_free_clusters_after_init(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp); ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_to_goal_block(struct inode *); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE extern void ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, struct fscrypt_str *fname); #endif #ifdef CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION static inline void ext4_fname_from_fscrypt_name(struct ext4_filename *dst, const struct fscrypt_name *src) { memset(dst, 0, sizeof(*dst)); dst->usr_fname = src->usr_fname; dst->disk_name = src->disk_name; dst->hinfo.hash = src->hash; dst->hinfo.minor_hash = src->minor_hash; dst->crypto_buf = src->crypto_buf; } static inline int ext4_fname_setup_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, int lookup, struct ext4_filename *fname) { struct fscrypt_name name; int err; err = fscrypt_setup_filename(dir, iname, lookup, &name); if (err) return err; ext4_fname_from_fscrypt_name(fname, &name); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(dir, iname, &fname->cf_name); #endif return 0; } static inline int ext4_fname_prepare_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct ext4_filename *fname) { struct fscrypt_name name; int err; err = fscrypt_prepare_lookup(dir, dentry, &name); if (err) return err; ext4_fname_from_fscrypt_name(fname, &name); #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(dir, &dentry->d_name, &fname->cf_name); #endif return 0; } static inline void ext4_fname_free_filename(struct ext4_filename *fname) { struct fscrypt_name name; name.crypto_buf = fname->crypto_buf; fscrypt_free_filename(&name); fname->crypto_buf.name = NULL; fname->usr_fname = NULL; fname->disk_name.name = NULL; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE kfree(fname->cf_name.name); fname->cf_name.name = NULL; #endif } #else /* !CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION */ static inline int ext4_fname_setup_filename(struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *iname, int lookup, struct ext4_filename *fname) { fname->usr_fname = iname; fname->disk_name.name = (unsigned char *) iname->name; fname->disk_name.len = iname->len; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE ext4_fname_setup_ci_filename(dir, iname, &fname->cf_name); #endif return 0; } static inline int ext4_fname_prepare_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, struct ext4_filename *fname) { return ext4_fname_setup_filename(dir, &dentry->d_name, 1, fname); } static inline void ext4_fname_free_filename(struct ext4_filename *fname) { #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE kfree(fname->cf_name.name); fname->cf_name.name = NULL; #endif } #endif /* !CONFIG_FS_ENCRYPTION */ /* dir.c */ extern int __ext4_check_dir_entry(const char *, unsigned int, struct inode *, struct file *, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *, struct buffer_head *, char *, int, unsigned int); #define ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, filp, de, bh, buf, size, offset) \ unlikely(__ext4_check_dir_entry(__func__, __LINE__, (dir), (filp), \ (de), (bh), (buf), (size), (offset))) extern int ext4_htree_store_dirent(struct file *dir_file, __u32 hash, __u32 minor_hash, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *dirent, struct fscrypt_str *ent_name); extern void ext4_htree_free_dir_info(struct dir_private_info *p); extern int ext4_find_dest_de(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, void *buf, int buf_size, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **dest_de); void ext4_insert_dentry(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int buf_size, struct ext4_filename *fname); static inline void ext4_update_dx_flag(struct inode *inode) { if (!ext4_has_feature_dir_index(inode->i_sb) && ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INDEX)) { /* ext4_iget() should have caught this... */ WARN_ON_ONCE(ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)); ext4_clear_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INDEX); } } static const unsigned char ext4_filetype_table[] = { DT_UNKNOWN, DT_REG, DT_DIR, DT_CHR, DT_BLK, DT_FIFO, DT_SOCK, DT_LNK }; static inline unsigned char get_dtype(struct super_block *sb, int filetype) { if (!ext4_has_feature_filetype(sb) || filetype >= EXT4_FT_MAX) return DT_UNKNOWN; return ext4_filetype_table[filetype]; } extern int ext4_check_all_de(struct inode *dir, struct buffer_head *bh, void *buf, int buf_size); /* fsync.c */ extern int ext4_sync_file(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int); /* hash.c */ extern int ext4fs_dirhash(const struct inode *dir, const char *name, int len, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo); /* ialloc.c */ extern int ext4_mark_inode_used(struct super_block *sb, int ino); extern struct inode *__ext4_new_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *, umode_t, const struct qstr *qstr, __u32 goal, uid_t *owner, __u32 i_flags, int handle_type, unsigned int line_no, int nblocks); #define ext4_new_inode(handle, dir, mode, qstr, goal, owner, i_flags) \ __ext4_new_inode((handle), (dir), (mode), (qstr), (goal), (owner), \ i_flags, 0, 0, 0) #define ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, mode, qstr, goal, owner, \ type, nblocks) \ __ext4_new_inode(NULL, (dir), (mode), (qstr), (goal), (owner), \ 0, (type), __LINE__, (nblocks)) extern void ext4_free_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern struct inode * ext4_orphan_get(struct super_block *, unsigned long); extern unsigned long ext4_count_free_inodes(struct super_block *); extern unsigned long ext4_count_dirs(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_check_inodes_bitmap(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_mark_bitmap_end(int start_bit, int end_bit, char *bitmap); extern int ext4_init_inode_table(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, int barrier); extern void ext4_end_bitmap_read(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate); /* fast_commit.c */ int ext4_fc_info_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); void ext4_fc_init(struct super_block *sb, journal_t *journal); void ext4_fc_init_inode(struct inode *inode); void ext4_fc_track_range(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end); void __ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry); void __ext4_fc_track_link(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry); void ext4_fc_track_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry); void ext4_fc_track_link(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry); void __ext4_fc_track_create(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry); void ext4_fc_track_create(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry); void ext4_fc_track_inode(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode); void ext4_fc_mark_ineligible(struct super_block *sb, int reason); void ext4_fc_start_ineligible(struct super_block *sb, int reason); void ext4_fc_stop_ineligible(struct super_block *sb); void ext4_fc_start_update(struct inode *inode); void ext4_fc_stop_update(struct inode *inode); void ext4_fc_del(struct inode *inode); bool ext4_fc_replay_check_excluded(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block); void ext4_fc_replay_cleanup(struct super_block *sb); int ext4_fc_commit(journal_t *journal, tid_t commit_tid); int __init ext4_fc_init_dentry_cache(void); /* mballoc.c */ extern const struct seq_operations ext4_mb_seq_groups_ops; extern long ext4_mb_stats; extern long ext4_mb_max_to_scan; extern int ext4_mb_init(struct super_block *); extern int ext4_mb_release(struct super_block *); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_mb_new_blocks(handle_t *, struct ext4_allocation_request *, int *); extern int ext4_mb_reserve_blocks(struct super_block *, int); extern void ext4_discard_preallocations(struct inode *, unsigned int); extern int __init ext4_init_mballoc(void); extern void ext4_exit_mballoc(void); extern ext4_group_t ext4_mb_prefetch(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, unsigned int nr, int *cnt); extern void ext4_mb_prefetch_fini(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group, unsigned int nr); extern void ext4_free_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, ext4_fsblk_t block, unsigned long count, int flags); extern int ext4_mb_alloc_groupinfo(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t ngroups); extern int ext4_mb_add_groupinfo(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t i, struct ext4_group_desc *desc); extern int ext4_group_add_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block, unsigned long count); extern int ext4_trim_fs(struct super_block *, struct fstrim_range *); extern void ext4_process_freed_data(struct super_block *sb, tid_t commit_tid); extern void ext4_mb_mark_bb(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t block, int len, int state); /* inode.c */ void ext4_inode_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_inode *raw, struct ext4_inode_info *ei); int ext4_inode_is_fast_symlink(struct inode *inode); struct buffer_head *ext4_getblk(handle_t *, struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, int); struct buffer_head *ext4_bread(handle_t *, struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, int); int ext4_bread_batch(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block, int bh_count, bool wait, struct buffer_head **bhs); int ext4_get_block_unwritten(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); int ext4_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create); int ext4_da_get_block_prep(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh, int create); int ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *head, unsigned from, unsigned to, int *partial, int (*fn)(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)); int do_journal_get_write_access(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh); #define FALL_BACK_TO_NONDELALLOC 1 #define CONVERT_INLINE_DATA 2 typedef enum { EXT4_IGET_NORMAL = 0, EXT4_IGET_SPECIAL = 0x0001, /* OK to iget a system inode */ EXT4_IGET_HANDLE = 0x0002 /* Inode # is from a handle */ } ext4_iget_flags; extern struct inode *__ext4_iget(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino, ext4_iget_flags flags, const char *function, unsigned int line); #define ext4_iget(sb, ino, flags) \ __ext4_iget((sb), (ino), (flags), __func__, __LINE__) extern int ext4_write_inode(struct inode *, struct writeback_control *); extern int ext4_setattr(struct dentry *, struct iattr *); extern int ext4_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern void ext4_evict_inode(struct inode *); extern void ext4_clear_inode(struct inode *); extern int ext4_file_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int); extern int ext4_sync_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern void ext4_dirty_inode(struct inode *, int); extern int ext4_change_inode_journal_flag(struct inode *, int); extern int ext4_get_inode_loc(struct inode *, struct ext4_iloc *); extern int ext4_get_fc_inode_loc(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino, struct ext4_iloc *iloc); extern int ext4_inode_attach_jinode(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_can_truncate(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_truncate(struct inode *); extern int ext4_break_layouts(struct inode *); extern int ext4_punch_hole(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length); extern void ext4_set_inode_flags(struct inode *, bool init); extern int ext4_alloc_da_blocks(struct inode *inode); extern void ext4_set_aops(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(struct inode *); extern int ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(struct inode *, int nrblocks); extern int ext4_zero_partial_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t lstart, loff_t lend); extern vm_fault_t ext4_page_mkwrite(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern vm_fault_t ext4_filemap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); extern qsize_t *ext4_get_reserved_space(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_get_projid(struct inode *inode, kprojid_t *projid); extern void ext4_da_release_space(struct inode *inode, int to_free); extern void ext4_da_update_reserve_space(struct inode *inode, int used, int quota_claim); extern int ext4_issue_zeroout(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk, ext4_fsblk_t pblk, ext4_lblk_t len); /* indirect.c */ extern int ext4_ind_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags); extern int ext4_ind_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int nrblocks); extern void ext4_ind_truncate(handle_t *, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_ind_remove_space(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end); /* ioctl.c */ extern long ext4_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); extern long ext4_compat_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long); extern void ext4_reset_inode_seed(struct inode *inode); /* migrate.c */ extern int ext4_ext_migrate(struct inode *); extern int ext4_ind_migrate(struct inode *inode); /* namei.c */ extern int ext4_init_new_dir(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_dirblock_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh); extern int ext4_orphan_add(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern int ext4_orphan_del(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern int ext4_htree_fill_tree(struct file *dir_file, __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash, __u32 *next_hash); extern int ext4_search_dir(struct buffer_head *bh, char *search_buf, int buf_size, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, unsigned int offset, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir); extern int ext4_generic_delete_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del, struct buffer_head *bh, void *entry_buf, int buf_size, int csum_size); extern bool ext4_empty_dir(struct inode *inode); /* resize.c */ extern void ext4_kvfree_array_rcu(void *to_free); extern int ext4_group_add(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_new_group_data *input); extern int ext4_group_extend(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count); extern int ext4_resize_fs(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count); /* super.c */ extern struct buffer_head *ext4_sb_bread(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block, int op_flags); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_sb_bread_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block); extern void ext4_read_bh_nowait(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bh_end_io_t *end_io); extern int ext4_read_bh(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bh_end_io_t *end_io); extern int ext4_read_bh_lock(struct buffer_head *bh, int op_flags, bool wait); extern void ext4_sb_breadahead_unmovable(struct super_block *sb, sector_t block); extern int ext4_seq_options_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *offset); extern int ext4_calculate_overhead(struct super_block *sb); extern void ext4_superblock_csum_set(struct super_block *sb); extern int ext4_alloc_flex_bg_array(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t ngroup); extern const char *ext4_decode_error(struct super_block *sb, int errno, char nbuf[16]); extern void ext4_mark_group_bitmap_corrupted(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t block_group, unsigned int flags); extern __printf(6, 7) void __ext4_error(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, int, __u64, const char *, ...); extern __printf(6, 7) void __ext4_error_inode(struct inode *, const char *, unsigned int, ext4_fsblk_t, int, const char *, ...); extern __printf(5, 6) void __ext4_error_file(struct file *, const char *, unsigned int, ext4_fsblk_t, const char *, ...); extern void __ext4_std_error(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, int); extern __printf(5, 6) void __ext4_abort(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, int, const char *, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) void __ext4_warning(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int, const char *, ...); extern __printf(4, 5) void __ext4_warning_inode(const struct inode *inode, const char *function, unsigned int line, const char *fmt, ...); extern __printf(3, 4) void __ext4_msg(struct super_block *, const char *, const char *, ...); extern void __dump_mmp_msg(struct super_block *, struct mmp_struct *mmp, const char *, unsigned int, const char *); extern __printf(7, 8) void __ext4_grp_locked_error(const char *, unsigned int, struct super_block *, ext4_group_t, unsigned long, ext4_fsblk_t, const char *, ...); #define EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, fmt, a...) \ ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, 0, (fmt), ## a) #define EXT4_ERROR_INODE_ERR(inode, err, fmt, a...) \ __ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, 0, (err), (fmt), ## a) #define ext4_error_inode_block(inode, block, err, fmt, a...) \ __ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, (block), (err), \ (fmt), ## a) #define EXT4_ERROR_FILE(file, block, fmt, a...) \ ext4_error_file((file), __func__, __LINE__, (block), (fmt), ## a) #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK #define ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, 0, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error_inode_err(inode, func, line, block, err, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error_inode((inode), (func), (line), (block), \ (err), (fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error(sb, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error((sb), __func__, __LINE__, 0, 0, (fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_error_err(sb, err, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_error((sb), __func__, __LINE__, (err), 0, (fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_abort(sb, err, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_abort((sb), __func__, __LINE__, (err), (fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_warning(sb, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_warning(sb, __func__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_warning_inode(inode, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_warning_inode(inode, __func__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #define dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, msg) \ __dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, __func__, __LINE__, msg) #define ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, grp, ino, block, fmt, ...) \ __ext4_grp_locked_error(__func__, __LINE__, sb, grp, ino, block, \ fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error_inode(inode, "", 0, block, 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error_inode_err(inode, func, line, block, err, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error_inode(inode, "", 0, block, err, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error_file(file, "", 0, block, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error(sb, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error(sb, "", 0, 0, 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_error_err(sb, err, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_error(sb, "", 0, err, 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_abort(sb, err, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_abort(sb, "", 0, err, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_warning(sb, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_warning(sb, "", 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_warning_inode(inode, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_warning_inode(inode, "", 0, " "); \ } while (0) #define ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_msg(sb, "", " "); \ } while (0) #define dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, msg) \ __dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, "", 0, "") #define ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, grp, ino, block, fmt, ...) \ do { \ no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \ __ext4_grp_locked_error("", 0, sb, grp, ino, block, " "); \ } while (0) #endif extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_table(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_free_group_clusters(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_free_inodes_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_used_dirs_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern __u32 ext4_itable_unused_count(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg); extern void ext4_block_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk); extern void ext4_inode_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk); extern void ext4_inode_table_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk); extern void ext4_free_group_clusters_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern void ext4_free_inodes_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern void ext4_used_dirs_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern void ext4_itable_unused_set(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count); extern int ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, __u32 group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp); extern void ext4_group_desc_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, __u32 group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp); extern int ext4_register_li_request(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t first_not_zeroed); static inline int ext4_has_metadata_csum(struct super_block *sb) { WARN_ON_ONCE(ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(sb) && !EXT4_SB(sb)->s_chksum_driver); return ext4_has_feature_metadata_csum(sb) && (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_chksum_driver != NULL); } static inline int ext4_has_group_desc_csum(struct super_block *sb) { return ext4_has_feature_gdt_csum(sb) || ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb); } #define ext4_read_incompat_64bit_val(es, name) \ (((es)->s_feature_incompat & cpu_to_le32(EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT) \ ? (ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(es->name##_hi) << 32 : 0) | \ le32_to_cpu(es->name##_lo)) static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es) { return ext4_read_incompat_64bit_val(es, s_blocks_count); } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_r_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es) { return ext4_read_incompat_64bit_val(es, s_r_blocks_count); } static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_free_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es) { return ext4_read_incompat_64bit_val(es, s_free_blocks_count); } static inline void ext4_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { es->s_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); es->s_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } static inline void ext4_free_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { es->s_free_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); es->s_free_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } static inline void ext4_r_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es, ext4_fsblk_t blk) { es->s_r_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk); es->s_r_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32); } static inline loff_t ext4_isize(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_inode *raw_inode) { if (ext4_has_feature_largedir(sb) || S_ISREG(le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_mode))) return ((loff_t)le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_high) << 32) | le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_lo); return (loff_t) le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_lo); } static inline void ext4_isize_set(struct ext4_inode *raw_inode, loff_t i_size) { raw_inode->i_size_lo = cpu_to_le32(i_size); raw_inode->i_size_high = cpu_to_le32(i_size >> 32); } static inline struct ext4_group_info *ext4_get_group_info(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { struct ext4_group_info **grp_info; long indexv, indexh; BUG_ON(group >= EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count); indexv = group >> (EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb)); indexh = group & ((EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb)) - 1); grp_info = sbi_array_rcu_deref(EXT4_SB(sb), s_group_info, indexv); return grp_info[indexh]; } /* * Reading s_groups_count requires using smp_rmb() afterwards. See * the locking protocol documented in the comments of ext4_group_add() * in resize.c */ static inline ext4_group_t ext4_get_groups_count(struct super_block *sb) { ext4_group_t ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count; smp_rmb(); return ngroups; } static inline ext4_group_t ext4_flex_group(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, ext4_group_t block_group) { return block_group >> sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; } static inline unsigned int ext4_flex_bg_size(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { return 1 << sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex; } #define ext4_std_error(sb, errno) \ do { \ if ((errno)) \ __ext4_std_error((sb), __func__, __LINE__, (errno)); \ } while (0) #ifdef CONFIG_SMP /* Each CPU can accumulate percpu_counter_batch clusters in their local * counters. So we need to make sure we have free clusters more * than percpu_counter_batch * nr_cpu_ids. Also add a window of 4 times. */ #define EXT4_FREECLUSTERS_WATERMARK (4 * (percpu_counter_batch * nr_cpu_ids)) #else #define EXT4_FREECLUSTERS_WATERMARK 0 #endif /* Update i_disksize. Requires i_mutex to avoid races with truncate */ static inline void ext4_update_i_disksize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize) { WARN_ON_ONCE(S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) && !inode_is_locked(inode)); down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); if (newsize > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) WRITE_ONCE(EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize, newsize); up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem); } /* Update i_size, i_disksize. Requires i_mutex to avoid races with truncate */ static inline int ext4_update_inode_size(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize) { int changed = 0; if (newsize > inode->i_size) { i_size_write(inode, newsize); changed = 1; } if (newsize > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) { ext4_update_i_disksize(inode, newsize); changed |= 2; } return changed; } int ext4_update_disksize_before_punch(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); struct ext4_group_info { unsigned long bb_state; #ifdef AGGRESSIVE_CHECK unsigned long bb_check_counter; #endif struct rb_root bb_free_root; ext4_grpblk_t bb_first_free; /* first free block */ ext4_grpblk_t bb_free; /* total free blocks */ ext4_grpblk_t bb_fragments; /* nr of freespace fragments */ ext4_grpblk_t bb_largest_free_order;/* order of largest frag in BG */ struct list_head bb_prealloc_list; #ifdef DOUBLE_CHECK void *bb_bitmap; #endif struct rw_semaphore alloc_sem; ext4_grpblk_t bb_counters[]; /* Nr of free power-of-two-block * regions, index is order. * bb_counters[3] = 5 means * 5 free 8-block regions. */ }; #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT 0 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT 1 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT 2 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT 3 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT \ (1 << EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT) #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT \ (1 << EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT) #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_READ_BIT 4 #define EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_BBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_IBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_WAS_TRIMMED(grp) \ (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_SET_TRIMMED(grp) \ (set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_CLEAR_TRIMMED(grp) \ (clear_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MB_GRP_TEST_AND_SET_READ(grp) \ (test_and_set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_READ_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state))) #define EXT4_MAX_CONTENTION 8 #define EXT4_CONTENTION_THRESHOLD 2 static inline spinlock_t *ext4_group_lock_ptr(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { return bgl_lock_ptr(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_blockgroup_lock, group); } /* * Returns true if the filesystem is busy enough that attempts to * access the block group locks has run into contention. */ static inline int ext4_fs_is_busy(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi) { return (atomic_read(&sbi->s_lock_busy) > EXT4_CONTENTION_THRESHOLD); } static inline void ext4_lock_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { spinlock_t *lock = ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, group); if (spin_trylock(lock)) /* * We're able to grab the lock right away, so drop the * lock contention counter. */ atomic_add_unless(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_lock_busy, -1, 0); else { /* * The lock is busy, so bump the contention counter, * and then wait on the spin lock. */ atomic_add_unless(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_lock_busy, 1, EXT4_MAX_CONTENTION); spin_lock(lock); } } static inline void ext4_unlock_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group) { spin_unlock(ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, group)); } /* * Block validity checking */ #define ext4_check_indirect_blockref(inode, bh) \ ext4_check_blockref(__func__, __LINE__, inode, \ (__le32 *)(bh)->b_data, \ EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK((inode)->i_sb)) #define ext4_ind_check_inode(inode) \ ext4_check_blockref(__func__, __LINE__, inode, \ EXT4_I(inode)->i_data, \ EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS) /* * Inodes and files operations */ /* dir.c */ extern const struct file_operations ext4_dir_operations; #ifdef CONFIG_UNICODE extern const struct dentry_operations ext4_dentry_ops; #endif /* file.c */ extern const struct inode_operations ext4_file_inode_operations; extern const struct file_operations ext4_file_operations; extern loff_t ext4_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int origin); /* inline.c */ extern int ext4_get_max_inline_size(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_find_inline_data_nolock(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_init_inline_data(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, unsigned int len); extern int ext4_destroy_inline_data(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_readpage_inline(struct inode *inode, struct page *page); extern int ext4_try_to_write_inline_data(struct address_space *mapping, struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep); extern int ext4_write_inline_data_end(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page); extern struct buffer_head * ext4_journalled_write_inline_data(struct inode *inode, unsigned len, struct page *page); extern int ext4_da_write_inline_data_begin(struct address_space *mapping, struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags, struct page **pagep, void **fsdata); extern int ext4_da_write_inline_data_end(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied, struct page *page); extern int ext4_try_add_inline_entry(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_try_create_inline_dir(handle_t *handle, struct inode *parent, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_read_inline_dir(struct file *filp, struct dir_context *ctx, int *has_inline_data); extern int ext4_inlinedir_to_tree(struct file *dir_file, struct inode *dir, ext4_lblk_t block, struct dx_hash_info *hinfo, __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash, int *has_inline_data); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_find_inline_entry(struct inode *dir, struct ext4_filename *fname, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir, int *has_inline_data); extern int ext4_delete_inline_entry(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del, struct buffer_head *bh, int *has_inline_data); extern bool empty_inline_dir(struct inode *dir, int *has_inline_data); extern struct buffer_head *ext4_get_first_inline_block(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **parent_de, int *retval); extern int ext4_inline_data_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, int *has_inline, __u64 start, __u64 len); struct iomap; extern int ext4_inline_data_iomap(struct inode *inode, struct iomap *iomap); extern int ext4_inline_data_truncate(struct inode *inode, int *has_inline); extern int ext4_convert_inline_data(struct inode *inode); static inline int ext4_has_inline_data(struct inode *inode) { return ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA) && EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off; } /* namei.c */ extern const struct inode_operations ext4_dir_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations ext4_special_inode_operations; extern struct dentry *ext4_get_parent(struct dentry *child); extern struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *ext4_init_dot_dotdot(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, int blocksize, int csum_size, unsigned int parent_ino, int dotdot_real_len); extern void ext4_initialize_dirent_tail(struct buffer_head *bh, unsigned int blocksize); extern int ext4_handle_dirty_dirblock(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh); extern int ext4_ci_compare(const struct inode *parent, const struct qstr *fname, const struct qstr *entry, bool quick); extern int __ext4_unlink(handle_t *handle, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *d_name, struct inode *inode); extern int __ext4_link(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry); #define S_SHIFT 12 static const unsigned char ext4_type_by_mode[(S_IFMT >> S_SHIFT) + 1] = { [S_IFREG >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_REG_FILE, [S_IFDIR >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_DIR, [S_IFCHR >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_CHRDEV, [S_IFBLK >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_BLKDEV, [S_IFIFO >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_FIFO, [S_IFSOCK >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_SOCK, [S_IFLNK >> S_SHIFT] = EXT4_FT_SYMLINK, }; static inline void ext4_set_de_type(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de, umode_t mode) { if (ext4_has_feature_filetype(sb)) de->file_type = ext4_type_by_mode[(mode & S_IFMT)>>S_SHIFT]; } /* readpages.c */ extern int ext4_mpage_readpages(struct inode *inode, struct readahead_control *rac, struct page *page); extern int __init ext4_init_post_read_processing(void); extern void ext4_exit_post_read_processing(void); /* symlink.c */ extern const struct inode_operations ext4_encrypted_symlink_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations ext4_symlink_inode_operations; extern const struct inode_operations ext4_fast_symlink_inode_operations; /* sysfs.c */ extern int ext4_register_sysfs(struct super_block *sb); extern void ext4_unregister_sysfs(struct super_block *sb); extern int __init ext4_init_sysfs(void); extern void ext4_exit_sysfs(void); /* block_validity */ extern void ext4_release_system_zone(struct super_block *sb); extern int ext4_setup_system_zone(struct super_block *sb); extern int __init ext4_init_system_zone(void); extern void ext4_exit_system_zone(void); extern int ext4_inode_block_valid(struct inode *inode, ext4_fsblk_t start_blk, unsigned int count); extern int ext4_check_blockref(const char *, unsigned int, struct inode *, __le32 *, unsigned int); /* extents.c */ struct ext4_ext_path; struct ext4_extent; /* * Maximum number of logical blocks in a file; ext4_extent's ee_block is * __le32. */ #define EXT_MAX_BLOCKS 0xffffffff extern void ext4_ext_tree_init(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_ext_index_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int extents); extern int ext4_ext_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags); extern int ext4_ext_truncate(handle_t *, struct inode *); extern int ext4_ext_remove_space(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end); extern void ext4_ext_init(struct super_block *); extern void ext4_ext_release(struct super_block *); extern long ext4_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len); extern int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, ssize_t len); extern int ext4_convert_unwritten_io_end_vec(handle_t *handle, ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern int ext4_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags); extern int ext4_ext_calc_credits_for_single_extent(struct inode *inode, int num, struct ext4_ext_path *path); extern int ext4_ext_insert_extent(handle_t *, struct inode *, struct ext4_ext_path **, struct ext4_extent *, int); extern struct ext4_ext_path *ext4_find_extent(struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, struct ext4_ext_path **, int flags); extern void ext4_ext_drop_refs(struct ext4_ext_path *); extern int ext4_ext_check_inode(struct inode *inode); extern ext4_lblk_t ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(struct ext4_ext_path *path); extern int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, __u64 start, __u64 len); extern int ext4_get_es_cache(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, __u64 start, __u64 len); extern int ext4_ext_precache(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_swap_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode1, struct inode *inode2, ext4_lblk_t lblk1, ext4_lblk_t lblk2, ext4_lblk_t count, int mark_unwritten,int *err); extern int ext4_clu_mapped(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lclu); extern int ext4_datasem_ensure_credits(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int check_cred, int restart_cred, int revoke_cred); extern void ext4_ext_replay_shrink_inode(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t end); extern int ext4_ext_replay_set_iblocks(struct inode *inode); extern int ext4_ext_replay_update_ex(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start, int len, int unwritten, ext4_fsblk_t pblk); extern int ext4_ext_clear_bb(struct inode *inode); /* move_extent.c */ extern void ext4_double_down_write_data_sem(struct inode *first, struct inode *second); extern void ext4_double_up_write_data_sem(struct inode *orig_inode, struct inode *donor_inode); extern int ext4_move_extents(struct file *o_filp, struct file *d_filp, __u64 start_orig, __u64 start_donor, __u64 len, __u64 *moved_len); /* page-io.c */ extern int __init ext4_init_pageio(void); extern void ext4_exit_pageio(void); extern ext4_io_end_t *ext4_init_io_end(struct inode *inode, gfp_t flags); extern ext4_io_end_t *ext4_get_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern int ext4_put_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern void ext4_put_io_end_defer(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern void ext4_io_submit_init(struct ext4_io_submit *io, struct writeback_control *wbc); extern void ext4_end_io_rsv_work(struct work_struct *work); extern void ext4_io_submit(struct ext4_io_submit *io); extern int ext4_bio_write_page(struct ext4_io_submit *io, struct page *page, int len, struct writeback_control *wbc, bool keep_towrite); extern struct ext4_io_end_vec *ext4_alloc_io_end_vec(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); extern struct ext4_io_end_vec *ext4_last_io_end_vec(ext4_io_end_t *io_end); /* mmp.c */ extern int ext4_multi_mount_protect(struct super_block *, ext4_fsblk_t); /* mmp.c */ extern void ext4_stop_mmpd(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi); /* verity.c */ extern const struct fsverity_operations ext4_verityops; /* * Add new method to test whether block and inode bitmaps are properly * initialized. With uninit_bg reading the block from disk is not enough * to mark the bitmap uptodate. We need to also zero-out the bitmap */ #define BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE BH_JBDPrivateStart static inline int bitmap_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh) { return (buffer_uptodate(bh) && test_bit(BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE, &(bh)->b_state)); } static inline void set_bitmap_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh) { set_bit(BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE, &(bh)->b_state); } #define in_range(b, first, len) ((b) >= (first) && (b) <= (first) + (len) - 1) /* For ioend & aio unwritten conversion wait queues */ #define EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ 37 #define ext4_ioend_wq(v) (&ext4__ioend_wq[((unsigned long)(v)) %\ EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ]) extern wait_queue_head_t ext4__ioend_wq[EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ]; extern int ext4_resize_begin(struct super_block *sb); extern void ext4_resize_end(struct super_block *sb); static inline void ext4_set_io_unwritten_flag(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_io_end *io_end) { if (!(io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN)) { io_end->flag |= EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN; atomic_inc(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_unwritten); } } static inline void ext4_clear_io_unwritten_flag(ext4_io_end_t *io_end) { struct inode *inode = io_end->inode; if (io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN) { io_end->flag &= ~EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN; /* Wake up anyone waiting on unwritten extent conversion */ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_unwritten)) wake_up_all(ext4_ioend_wq(inode)); } } extern const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_ops; extern const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_overwrite_ops; extern const struct iomap_ops ext4_iomap_report_ops; static inline int ext4_buffer_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh) { /* * If the buffer has the write error flag, we have failed * to write out data in the block. In this case, we don't * have to read the block because we may read the old data * successfully. */ if (!buffer_uptodate(bh) && buffer_write_io_error(bh)) set_buffer_uptodate(bh); return buffer_uptodate(bh); } #endif /* __KERNEL__ */ #define EFSBADCRC EBADMSG /* Bad CRC detected */ #define EFSCORRUPTED EUCLEAN /* Filesystem is corrupted */ #endif /* _EXT4_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Dynamic queue limits (dql) - Definitions * * Copyright (c) 2011, Tom Herbert <therbert@google.com> * * This header file contains the definitions for dynamic queue limits (dql). * dql would be used in conjunction with a producer/consumer type queue * (possibly a HW queue). Such a queue would have these general properties: * * 1) Objects are queued up to some limit specified as number of objects. * 2) Periodically a completion process executes which retires consumed * objects. * 3) Starvation occurs when limit has been reached, all queued data has * actually been consumed, but completion processing has not yet run * so queuing new data is blocked. * 4) Minimizing the amount of queued data is desirable. * * The goal of dql is to calculate the limit as the minimum number of objects * needed to prevent starvation. * * The primary functions of dql are: * dql_queued - called when objects are enqueued to record number of objects * dql_avail - returns how many objects are available to be queued based * on the object limit and how many objects are already enqueued * dql_completed - called at completion time to indicate how many objects * were retired from the queue * * The dql implementation does not implement any locking for the dql data * structures, the higher layer should provide this. dql_queued should * be serialized to prevent concurrent execution of the function; this * is also true for dql_completed. However, dql_queued and dlq_completed can * be executed concurrently (i.e. they can be protected by different locks). */ #ifndef _LINUX_DQL_H #define _LINUX_DQL_H #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <asm/bug.h> struct dql { /* Fields accessed in enqueue path (dql_queued) */ unsigned int num_queued; /* Total ever queued */ unsigned int adj_limit; /* limit + num_completed */ unsigned int last_obj_cnt; /* Count at last queuing */ /* Fields accessed only by completion path (dql_completed) */ unsigned int limit ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; /* Current limit */ unsigned int num_completed; /* Total ever completed */ unsigned int prev_ovlimit; /* Previous over limit */ unsigned int prev_num_queued; /* Previous queue total */ unsigned int prev_last_obj_cnt; /* Previous queuing cnt */ unsigned int lowest_slack; /* Lowest slack found */ unsigned long slack_start_time; /* Time slacks seen */ /* Configuration */ unsigned int max_limit; /* Max limit */ unsigned int min_limit; /* Minimum limit */ unsigned int slack_hold_time; /* Time to measure slack */ }; /* Set some static maximums */ #define DQL_MAX_OBJECT (UINT_MAX / 16) #define DQL_MAX_LIMIT ((UINT_MAX / 2) - DQL_MAX_OBJECT) /* * Record number of objects queued. Assumes that caller has already checked * availability in the queue with dql_avail. */ static inline void dql_queued(struct dql *dql, unsigned int count) { BUG_ON(count > DQL_MAX_OBJECT); dql->last_obj_cnt = count; /* We want to force a write first, so that cpu do not attempt * to get cache line containing last_obj_cnt, num_queued, adj_limit * in Shared state, but directly does a Request For Ownership * It is only a hint, we use barrier() only. */ barrier(); dql->num_queued += count; } /* Returns how many objects can be queued, < 0 indicates over limit. */ static inline int dql_avail(const struct dql *dql) { return READ_ONCE(dql->adj_limit) - READ_ONCE(dql->num_queued); } /* Record number of completed objects and recalculate the limit. */ void dql_completed(struct dql *dql, unsigned int count); /* Reset dql state */ void dql_reset(struct dql *dql); /* Initialize dql state */ void dql_init(struct dql *dql, unsigned int hold_time); #endif /* _KERNEL_ */ #endif /* _LINUX_DQL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SWAP_H #define _LINUX_SWAP_H #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/linkage.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/node.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <asm/page.h> struct notifier_block; struct bio; struct pagevec; #define SWAP_FLAG_PREFER 0x8000 /* set if swap priority specified */ #define SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_MASK 0x7fff #define SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_SHIFT 0 #define SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD 0x10000 /* enable discard for swap */ #define SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_ONCE 0x20000 /* discard swap area at swapon-time */ #define SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_PAGES 0x40000 /* discard page-clusters after use */ #define SWAP_FLAGS_VALID (SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_MASK | SWAP_FLAG_PREFER | \ SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD | SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_ONCE | \ SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD_PAGES) #define SWAP_BATCH 64 static inline int current_is_kswapd(void) { return current->flags & PF_KSWAPD; } /* * MAX_SWAPFILES defines the maximum number of swaptypes: things which can * be swapped to. The swap type and the offset into that swap type are * encoded into pte's and into pgoff_t's in the swapcache. Using five bits * for the type means that the maximum number of swapcache pages is 27 bits * on 32-bit-pgoff_t architectures. And that assumes that the architecture packs * the type/offset into the pte as 5/27 as well. */ #define MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT 5 /* * Use some of the swap files numbers for other purposes. This * is a convenient way to hook into the VM to trigger special * actions on faults. */ /* * Unaddressable device memory support. See include/linux/hmm.h and * Documentation/vm/hmm.rst. Short description is we need struct pages for * device memory that is unaddressable (inaccessible) by CPU, so that we can * migrate part of a process memory to device memory. * * When a page is migrated from CPU to device, we set the CPU page table entry * to a special SWP_DEVICE_* entry. */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE #define SWP_DEVICE_NUM 2 #define SWP_DEVICE_WRITE (MAX_SWAPFILES+SWP_HWPOISON_NUM+SWP_MIGRATION_NUM) #define SWP_DEVICE_READ (MAX_SWAPFILES+SWP_HWPOISON_NUM+SWP_MIGRATION_NUM+1) #else #define SWP_DEVICE_NUM 0 #endif /* * NUMA node memory migration support */ #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION #define SWP_MIGRATION_NUM 2 #define SWP_MIGRATION_READ (MAX_SWAPFILES + SWP_HWPOISON_NUM) #define SWP_MIGRATION_WRITE (MAX_SWAPFILES + SWP_HWPOISON_NUM + 1) #else #define SWP_MIGRATION_NUM 0 #endif /* * Handling of hardware poisoned pages with memory corruption. */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE #define SWP_HWPOISON_NUM 1 #define SWP_HWPOISON MAX_SWAPFILES #else #define SWP_HWPOISON_NUM 0 #endif #define MAX_SWAPFILES \ ((1 << MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT) - SWP_DEVICE_NUM - \ SWP_MIGRATION_NUM - SWP_HWPOISON_NUM) /* * Magic header for a swap area. The first part of the union is * what the swap magic looks like for the old (limited to 128MB) * swap area format, the second part of the union adds - in the * old reserved area - some extra information. Note that the first * kilobyte is reserved for boot loader or disk label stuff... * * Having the magic at the end of the PAGE_SIZE makes detecting swap * areas somewhat tricky on machines that support multiple page sizes. * For 2.5 we'll probably want to move the magic to just beyond the * bootbits... */ union swap_header { struct { char reserved[PAGE_SIZE - 10]; char magic[10]; /* SWAP-SPACE or SWAPSPACE2 */ } magic; struct { char bootbits[1024]; /* Space for disklabel etc. */ __u32 version; __u32 last_page; __u32 nr_badpages; unsigned char sws_uuid[16]; unsigned char sws_volume[16]; __u32 padding[117]; __u32 badpages[1]; } info; }; /* * current->reclaim_state points to one of these when a task is running * memory reclaim */ struct reclaim_state { unsigned long reclaimed_slab; }; #ifdef __KERNEL__ struct address_space; struct sysinfo; struct writeback_control; struct zone; /* * A swap extent maps a range of a swapfile's PAGE_SIZE pages onto a range of * disk blocks. A list of swap extents maps the entire swapfile. (Where the * term `swapfile' refers to either a blockdevice or an IS_REG file. Apart * from setup, they're handled identically. * * We always assume that blocks are of size PAGE_SIZE. */ struct swap_extent { struct rb_node rb_node; pgoff_t start_page; pgoff_t nr_pages; sector_t start_block; }; /* * Max bad pages in the new format.. */ #define MAX_SWAP_BADPAGES \ ((offsetof(union swap_header, magic.magic) - \ offsetof(union swap_header, info.badpages)) / sizeof(int)) enum { SWP_USED = (1 << 0), /* is slot in swap_info[] used? */ SWP_WRITEOK = (1 << 1), /* ok to write to this swap? */ SWP_DISCARDABLE = (1 << 2), /* blkdev support discard */ SWP_DISCARDING = (1 << 3), /* now discarding a free cluster */ SWP_SOLIDSTATE = (1 << 4), /* blkdev seeks are cheap */ SWP_CONTINUED = (1 << 5), /* swap_map has count continuation */ SWP_BLKDEV = (1 << 6), /* its a block device */ SWP_ACTIVATED = (1 << 7), /* set after swap_activate success */ SWP_FS_OPS = (1 << 8), /* swapfile operations go through fs */ SWP_AREA_DISCARD = (1 << 9), /* single-time swap area discards */ SWP_PAGE_DISCARD = (1 << 10), /* freed swap page-cluster discards */ SWP_STABLE_WRITES = (1 << 11), /* no overwrite PG_writeback pages */ SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO = (1 << 12), /* synchronous IO is efficient */ SWP_VALID = (1 << 13), /* swap is valid to be operated on? */ /* add others here before... */ SWP_SCANNING = (1 << 14), /* refcount in scan_swap_map */ }; #define SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX 32UL #define COMPACT_CLUSTER_MAX SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX /* Bit flag in swap_map */ #define SWAP_HAS_CACHE 0x40 /* Flag page is cached, in first swap_map */ #define COUNT_CONTINUED 0x80 /* Flag swap_map continuation for full count */ /* Special value in first swap_map */ #define SWAP_MAP_MAX 0x3e /* Max count */ #define SWAP_MAP_BAD 0x3f /* Note page is bad */ #define SWAP_MAP_SHMEM 0xbf /* Owned by shmem/tmpfs */ /* Special value in each swap_map continuation */ #define SWAP_CONT_MAX 0x7f /* Max count */ /* * We use this to track usage of a cluster. A cluster is a block of swap disk * space with SWAPFILE_CLUSTER pages long and naturally aligns in disk. All * free clusters are organized into a list. We fetch an entry from the list to * get a free cluster. * * The data field stores next cluster if the cluster is free or cluster usage * counter otherwise. The flags field determines if a cluster is free. This is * protected by swap_info_struct.lock. */ struct swap_cluster_info { spinlock_t lock; /* * Protect swap_cluster_info fields * and swap_info_struct->swap_map * elements correspond to the swap * cluster */ unsigned int data:24; unsigned int flags:8; }; #define CLUSTER_FLAG_FREE 1 /* This cluster is free */ #define CLUSTER_FLAG_NEXT_NULL 2 /* This cluster has no next cluster */ #define CLUSTER_FLAG_HUGE 4 /* This cluster is backing a transparent huge page */ /* * We assign a cluster to each CPU, so each CPU can allocate swap entry from * its own cluster and swapout sequentially. The purpose is to optimize swapout * throughput. */ struct percpu_cluster { struct swap_cluster_info index; /* Current cluster index */ unsigned int next; /* Likely next allocation offset */ }; struct swap_cluster_list { struct swap_cluster_info head; struct swap_cluster_info tail; }; /* * The in-memory structure used to track swap areas. */ struct swap_info_struct { unsigned long flags; /* SWP_USED etc: see above */ signed short prio; /* swap priority of this type */ struct plist_node list; /* entry in swap_active_head */ signed char type; /* strange name for an index */ unsigned int max; /* extent of the swap_map */ unsigned char *swap_map; /* vmalloc'ed array of usage counts */ struct swap_cluster_info *cluster_info; /* cluster info. Only for SSD */ struct swap_cluster_list free_clusters; /* free clusters list */ unsigned int lowest_bit; /* index of first free in swap_map */ unsigned int highest_bit; /* index of last free in swap_map */ unsigned int pages; /* total of usable pages of swap */ unsigned int inuse_pages; /* number of those currently in use */ unsigned int cluster_next; /* likely index for next allocation */ unsigned int cluster_nr; /* countdown to next cluster search */ unsigned int __percpu *cluster_next_cpu; /*percpu index for next allocation */ struct percpu_cluster __percpu *percpu_cluster; /* per cpu's swap location */ struct rb_root swap_extent_root;/* root of the swap extent rbtree */ struct block_device *bdev; /* swap device or bdev of swap file */ struct file *swap_file; /* seldom referenced */ unsigned int old_block_size; /* seldom referenced */ #ifdef CONFIG_FRONTSWAP unsigned long *frontswap_map; /* frontswap in-use, one bit per page */ atomic_t frontswap_pages; /* frontswap pages in-use counter */ #endif spinlock_t lock; /* * protect map scan related fields like * swap_map, lowest_bit, highest_bit, * inuse_pages, cluster_next, * cluster_nr, lowest_alloc, * highest_alloc, free/discard cluster * list. other fields are only changed * at swapon/swapoff, so are protected * by swap_lock. changing flags need * hold this lock and swap_lock. If * both locks need hold, hold swap_lock * first. */ spinlock_t cont_lock; /* * protect swap count continuation page * list. */ struct work_struct discard_work; /* discard worker */ struct swap_cluster_list discard_clusters; /* discard clusters list */ struct plist_node avail_lists[]; /* * entries in swap_avail_heads, one * entry per node. * Must be last as the number of the * array is nr_node_ids, which is not * a fixed value so have to allocate * dynamically. * And it has to be an array so that * plist_for_each_* can work. */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT #define SWAP_RA_ORDER_CEILING 5 #else /* Avoid stack overflow, because we need to save part of page table */ #define SWAP_RA_ORDER_CEILING 3 #define SWAP_RA_PTE_CACHE_SIZE (1 << SWAP_RA_ORDER_CEILING) #endif struct vma_swap_readahead { unsigned short win; unsigned short offset; unsigned short nr_pte; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT pte_t *ptes; #else pte_t ptes[SWAP_RA_PTE_CACHE_SIZE]; #endif }; /* linux/mm/workingset.c */ void workingset_age_nonresident(struct lruvec *lruvec, unsigned long nr_pages); void *workingset_eviction(struct page *page, struct mem_cgroup *target_memcg); void workingset_refault(struct page *page, void *shadow); void workingset_activation(struct page *page); /* Only track the nodes of mappings with shadow entries */ void workingset_update_node(struct xa_node *node); #define mapping_set_update(xas, mapping) do { \ if (!dax_mapping(mapping) && !shmem_mapping(mapping)) \ xas_set_update(xas, workingset_update_node); \ } while (0) /* linux/mm/page_alloc.c */ extern unsigned long totalreserve_pages; extern unsigned long nr_free_buffer_pages(void); /* Definition of global_zone_page_state not available yet */ #define nr_free_pages() global_zone_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES) /* linux/mm/swap.c */ extern void lru_note_cost(struct lruvec *lruvec, bool file, unsigned int nr_pages); extern void lru_note_cost_page(struct page *); extern void lru_cache_add(struct page *); extern void lru_add_page_tail(struct page *page, struct page *page_tail, struct lruvec *lruvec, struct list_head *head); extern void mark_page_accessed(struct page *); extern void lru_add_drain(void); extern void lru_add_drain_cpu(int cpu); extern void lru_add_drain_cpu_zone(struct zone *zone); extern void lru_add_drain_all(void); extern void rotate_reclaimable_page(struct page *page); extern void deactivate_file_page(struct page *page); extern void deactivate_page(struct page *page); extern void mark_page_lazyfree(struct page *page); extern void swap_setup(void); extern void lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* linux/mm/vmscan.c */ extern unsigned long zone_reclaimable_pages(struct zone *zone); extern unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist, int order, gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *mask); extern int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode); extern unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long nr_pages, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool may_swap); extern unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node(struct mem_cgroup *mem, gfp_t gfp_mask, bool noswap, pg_data_t *pgdat, unsigned long *nr_scanned); extern unsigned long shrink_all_memory(unsigned long nr_pages); extern int vm_swappiness; extern int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); extern unsigned long reclaim_pages(struct list_head *page_list); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA extern int node_reclaim_mode; extern int sysctl_min_unmapped_ratio; extern int sysctl_min_slab_ratio; #else #define node_reclaim_mode 0 #endif extern void check_move_unevictable_pages(struct pagevec *pvec); extern int kswapd_run(int nid); extern void kswapd_stop(int nid); #ifdef CONFIG_SWAP #include <linux/blk_types.h> /* for bio_end_io_t */ /* linux/mm/page_io.c */ extern int swap_readpage(struct page *page, bool do_poll); extern int swap_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc); extern void end_swap_bio_write(struct bio *bio); extern int __swap_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc, bio_end_io_t end_write_func); extern int swap_set_page_dirty(struct page *page); int add_swap_extent(struct swap_info_struct *sis, unsigned long start_page, unsigned long nr_pages, sector_t start_block); int generic_swapfile_activate(struct swap_info_struct *, struct file *, sector_t *); /* linux/mm/swap_state.c */ /* One swap address space for each 64M swap space */ #define SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_SHIFT 14 #define SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_PAGES (1 << SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_SHIFT) extern struct address_space *swapper_spaces[]; #define swap_address_space(entry) \ (&swapper_spaces[swp_type(entry)][swp_offset(entry) \ >> SWAP_ADDRESS_SPACE_SHIFT]) extern unsigned long total_swapcache_pages(void); extern void show_swap_cache_info(void); extern int add_to_swap(struct page *page); extern void *get_shadow_from_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry); extern int add_to_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp, void **shadowp); extern void __delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, void *shadow); extern void delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *); extern void clear_shadow_from_swap_cache(int type, unsigned long begin, unsigned long end); extern void free_page_and_swap_cache(struct page *); extern void free_pages_and_swap_cache(struct page **, int); extern struct page *lookup_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); struct page *find_get_incore_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index); extern struct page *read_swap_cache_async(swp_entry_t, gfp_t, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, bool do_poll); extern struct page *__read_swap_cache_async(swp_entry_t, gfp_t, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, bool *new_page_allocated); extern struct page *swap_cluster_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t flag, struct vm_fault *vmf); extern struct page *swapin_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t flag, struct vm_fault *vmf); /* linux/mm/swapfile.c */ extern atomic_long_t nr_swap_pages; extern long total_swap_pages; extern atomic_t nr_rotate_swap; extern bool has_usable_swap(void); /* Swap 50% full? Release swapcache more aggressively.. */ static inline bool vm_swap_full(void) { return atomic_long_read(&nr_swap_pages) * 2 < total_swap_pages; } static inline long get_nr_swap_pages(void) { return atomic_long_read(&nr_swap_pages); } extern void si_swapinfo(struct sysinfo *); extern swp_entry_t get_swap_page(struct page *page); extern void put_swap_page(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry); extern swp_entry_t get_swap_page_of_type(int); extern int get_swap_pages(int n, swp_entry_t swp_entries[], int entry_size); extern int add_swap_count_continuation(swp_entry_t, gfp_t); extern void swap_shmem_alloc(swp_entry_t); extern int swap_duplicate(swp_entry_t); extern int swapcache_prepare(swp_entry_t); extern void swap_free(swp_entry_t); extern void swapcache_free_entries(swp_entry_t *entries, int n); extern int free_swap_and_cache(swp_entry_t); int swap_type_of(dev_t device, sector_t offset); int find_first_swap(dev_t *device); extern unsigned int count_swap_pages(int, int); extern sector_t map_swap_page(struct page *, struct block_device **); extern sector_t swapdev_block(int, pgoff_t); extern int page_swapcount(struct page *); extern int __swap_count(swp_entry_t entry); extern int __swp_swapcount(swp_entry_t entry); extern int swp_swapcount(swp_entry_t entry); extern struct swap_info_struct *page_swap_info(struct page *); extern struct swap_info_struct *swp_swap_info(swp_entry_t entry); extern bool reuse_swap_page(struct page *, int *); extern int try_to_free_swap(struct page *); struct backing_dev_info; extern int init_swap_address_space(unsigned int type, unsigned long nr_pages); extern void exit_swap_address_space(unsigned int type); extern struct swap_info_struct *get_swap_device(swp_entry_t entry); sector_t swap_page_sector(struct page *page); static inline void put_swap_device(struct swap_info_struct *si) { rcu_read_unlock(); } #else /* CONFIG_SWAP */ static inline int swap_readpage(struct page *page, bool do_poll) { return 0; } static inline struct swap_info_struct *swp_swap_info(swp_entry_t entry) { return NULL; } #define swap_address_space(entry) (NULL) #define get_nr_swap_pages() 0L #define total_swap_pages 0L #define total_swapcache_pages() 0UL #define vm_swap_full() 0 #define si_swapinfo(val) \ do { (val)->freeswap = (val)->totalswap = 0; } while (0) /* only sparc can not include linux/pagemap.h in this file * so leave put_page and release_pages undeclared... */ #define free_page_and_swap_cache(page) \ put_page(page) #define free_pages_and_swap_cache(pages, nr) \ release_pages((pages), (nr)); static inline void show_swap_cache_info(void) { } #define free_swap_and_cache(e) ({(is_migration_entry(e) || is_device_private_entry(e));}) #define swapcache_prepare(e) ({(is_migration_entry(e) || is_device_private_entry(e));}) static inline int add_swap_count_continuation(swp_entry_t swp, gfp_t gfp_mask) { return 0; } static inline void swap_shmem_alloc(swp_entry_t swp) { } static inline int swap_duplicate(swp_entry_t swp) { return 0; } static inline void swap_free(swp_entry_t swp) { } static inline void put_swap_page(struct page *page, swp_entry_t swp) { } static inline struct page *swap_cluster_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct vm_fault *vmf) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *swapin_readahead(swp_entry_t swp, gfp_t gfp_mask, struct vm_fault *vmf) { return NULL; } static inline int swap_writepage(struct page *p, struct writeback_control *wbc) { return 0; } static inline struct page *lookup_swap_cache(swp_entry_t swp, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr) { return NULL; } static inline struct page *find_get_incore_page(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t index) { return find_get_page(mapping, index); } static inline int add_to_swap(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline void *get_shadow_from_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry) { return NULL; } static inline int add_to_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask, void **shadowp) { return -1; } static inline void __delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, void *shadow) { } static inline void delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page) { } static inline void clear_shadow_from_swap_cache(int type, unsigned long begin, unsigned long end) { } static inline int page_swapcount(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline int __swap_count(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } static inline int __swp_swapcount(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } static inline int swp_swapcount(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } #define reuse_swap_page(page, total_map_swapcount) \ (page_trans_huge_mapcount(page, total_map_swapcount) == 1) static inline int try_to_free_swap(struct page *page) { return 0; } static inline swp_entry_t get_swap_page(struct page *page) { swp_entry_t entry; entry.val = 0; return entry; } #endif /* CONFIG_SWAP */ #ifdef CONFIG_THP_SWAP extern int split_swap_cluster(swp_entry_t entry); #else static inline int split_swap_cluster(swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG static inline int mem_cgroup_swappiness(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { /* Cgroup2 doesn't have per-cgroup swappiness */ if (cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(memory_cgrp_subsys)) return vm_swappiness; /* root ? */ if (mem_cgroup_disabled() || mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg)) return vm_swappiness; return memcg->swappiness; } #else static inline int mem_cgroup_swappiness(struct mem_cgroup *mem) { return vm_swappiness; } #endif #if defined(CONFIG_SWAP) && defined(CONFIG_MEMCG) && defined(CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP) extern void cgroup_throttle_swaprate(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp_mask); #else static inline void cgroup_throttle_swaprate(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp_mask) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG_SWAP extern void mem_cgroup_swapout(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry); extern int mem_cgroup_try_charge_swap(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry); extern void mem_cgroup_uncharge_swap(swp_entry_t entry, unsigned int nr_pages); extern long mem_cgroup_get_nr_swap_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); extern bool mem_cgroup_swap_full(struct page *page); #else static inline void mem_cgroup_swapout(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry) { } static inline int mem_cgroup_try_charge_swap(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry) { return 0; } static inline void mem_cgroup_uncharge_swap(swp_entry_t entry, unsigned int nr_pages) { } static inline long mem_cgroup_get_nr_swap_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { return get_nr_swap_pages(); } static inline bool mem_cgroup_swap_full(struct page *page) { return vm_swap_full(); } #endif #endif /* __KERNEL__*/ #endif /* _LINUX_SWAP_H */
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3001 3002 3003 3004 3005 3006 3007 3008 3009 3010 3011 3012 3013 3014 3015 3016 3017 3018 3019 3020 3021 3022 3023 3024 3025 3026 3027 3028 3029 3030 3031 3032 3033 3034 3035 3036 3037 3038 3039 3040 3041 3042 3043 3044 3045 3046 3047 3048 3049 3050 3051 3052 3053 3054 3055 3056 3057 3058 3059 3060 3061 3062 3063 3064 3065 3066 3067 3068 3069 3070 3071 3072 3073 3074 3075 3076 3077 3078 3079 3080 3081 3082 3083 3084 3085 3086 3087 3088 3089 3090 3091 3092 3093 3094 3095 3096 3097 3098 3099 3100 3101 3102 3103 3104 3105 3106 3107 3108 3109 3110 3111 3112 3113 3114 3115 3116 3117 3118 3119 3120 3121 3122 3123 3124 3125 3126 3127 3128 3129 3130 3131 3132 3133 3134 3135 3136 3137 3138 3139 3140 3141 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/ext4/xattr.c * * Copyright (C) 2001-2003 Andreas Gruenbacher, <agruen@suse.de> * * Fix by Harrison Xing <harrison@mountainviewdata.com>. * Ext4 code with a lot of help from Eric Jarman <ejarman@acm.org>. * Extended attributes for symlinks and special files added per * suggestion of Luka Renko <luka.renko@hermes.si>. * xattr consolidation Copyright (c) 2004 James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com>, * Red Hat Inc. * ea-in-inode support by Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com> aka bzzz * and Andreas Gruenbacher <agruen@suse.de>. */ /* * Extended attributes are stored directly in inodes (on file systems with * inodes bigger than 128 bytes) and on additional disk blocks. The i_file_acl * field contains the block number if an inode uses an additional block. All * attributes must fit in the inode and one additional block. Blocks that * contain the identical set of attributes may be shared among several inodes. * Identical blocks are detected by keeping a cache of blocks that have * recently been accessed. * * The attributes in inodes and on blocks have a different header; the entries * are stored in the same format: * * +------------------+ * | header | * | entry 1 | | * | entry 2 | | growing downwards * | entry 3 | v * | four null bytes | * | . . . | * | value 1 | ^ * | value 3 | | growing upwards * | value 2 | | * +------------------+ * * The header is followed by multiple entry descriptors. In disk blocks, the * entry descriptors are kept sorted. In inodes, they are unsorted. The * attribute values are aligned to the end of the block in no specific order. * * Locking strategy * ---------------- * EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl is protected by EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem. * EA blocks are only changed if they are exclusive to an inode, so * holding xattr_sem also means that nothing but the EA block's reference * count can change. Multiple writers to the same block are synchronized * by the buffer lock. */ #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/mbcache.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/iversion.h> #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "ext4.h" #include "xattr.h" #include "acl.h" #ifdef EXT4_XATTR_DEBUG # define ea_idebug(inode, fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_DEBUG "inode %s:%lu: " fmt "\n", \ inode->i_sb->s_id, inode->i_ino, ##__VA_ARGS__) # define ea_bdebug(bh, fmt, ...) \ printk(KERN_DEBUG "block %pg:%lu: " fmt "\n", \ bh->b_bdev, (unsigned long)bh->b_blocknr, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else # define ea_idebug(inode, fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) # define ea_bdebug(bh, fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif static void ext4_xattr_block_cache_insert(struct mb_cache *, struct buffer_head *); static struct buffer_head * ext4_xattr_block_cache_find(struct inode *, struct ext4_xattr_header *, struct mb_cache_entry **); static __le32 ext4_xattr_hash_entry(char *name, size_t name_len, __le32 *value, size_t value_count); static void ext4_xattr_rehash(struct ext4_xattr_header *); static const struct xattr_handler * const ext4_xattr_handler_map[] = { [EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_USER] = &ext4_xattr_user_handler, #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_FS_POSIX_ACL [EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_POSIX_ACL_ACCESS] = &posix_acl_access_xattr_handler, [EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_POSIX_ACL_DEFAULT] = &posix_acl_default_xattr_handler, #endif [EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_TRUSTED] = &ext4_xattr_trusted_handler, #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_FS_SECURITY [EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_SECURITY] = &ext4_xattr_security_handler, #endif [EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_HURD] = &ext4_xattr_hurd_handler, }; const struct xattr_handler *ext4_xattr_handlers[] = { &ext4_xattr_user_handler, &ext4_xattr_trusted_handler, #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_FS_POSIX_ACL &posix_acl_access_xattr_handler, &posix_acl_default_xattr_handler, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_FS_SECURITY &ext4_xattr_security_handler, #endif &ext4_xattr_hurd_handler, NULL }; #define EA_BLOCK_CACHE(inode) (((struct ext4_sb_info *) \ inode->i_sb->s_fs_info)->s_ea_block_cache) #define EA_INODE_CACHE(inode) (((struct ext4_sb_info *) \ inode->i_sb->s_fs_info)->s_ea_inode_cache) static int ext4_expand_inode_array(struct ext4_xattr_inode_array **ea_inode_array, struct inode *inode); #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP void ext4_xattr_inode_set_class(struct inode *ea_inode) { lockdep_set_subclass(&ea_inode->i_rwsem, 1); } #endif static __le32 ext4_xattr_block_csum(struct inode *inode, sector_t block_nr, struct ext4_xattr_header *hdr) { struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb); __u32 csum; __le64 dsk_block_nr = cpu_to_le64(block_nr); __u32 dummy_csum = 0; int offset = offsetof(struct ext4_xattr_header, h_checksum); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, sbi->s_csum_seed, (__u8 *)&dsk_block_nr, sizeof(dsk_block_nr)); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)hdr, offset); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)&dummy_csum, sizeof(dummy_csum)); offset += sizeof(dummy_csum); csum = ext4_chksum(sbi, csum, (__u8 *)hdr + offset, EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(inode->i_sb) - offset); return cpu_to_le32(csum); } static int ext4_xattr_block_csum_verify(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { struct ext4_xattr_header *hdr = BHDR(bh); int ret = 1; if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) { lock_buffer(bh); ret = (hdr->h_checksum == ext4_xattr_block_csum(inode, bh->b_blocknr, hdr)); unlock_buffer(bh); } return ret; } static void ext4_xattr_block_csum_set(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh) { if (ext4_has_metadata_csum(inode->i_sb)) BHDR(bh)->h_checksum = ext4_xattr_block_csum(inode, bh->b_blocknr, BHDR(bh)); } static inline const struct xattr_handler * ext4_xattr_handler(int name_index) { const struct xattr_handler *handler = NULL; if (name_index > 0 && name_index < ARRAY_SIZE(ext4_xattr_handler_map)) handler = ext4_xattr_handler_map[name_index]; return handler; } static int ext4_xattr_check_entries(struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry, void *end, void *value_start) { struct ext4_xattr_entry *e = entry; /* Find the end of the names list */ while (!IS_LAST_ENTRY(e)) { struct ext4_xattr_entry *next = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(e); if ((void *)next >= end) return -EFSCORRUPTED; if (strnlen(e->e_name, e->e_name_len) != e->e_name_len) return -EFSCORRUPTED; e = next; } /* Check the values */ while (!IS_LAST_ENTRY(entry)) { u32 size = le32_to_cpu(entry->e_value_size); if (size > EXT4_XATTR_SIZE_MAX) return -EFSCORRUPTED; if (size != 0 && entry->e_value_inum == 0) { u16 offs = le16_to_cpu(entry->e_value_offs); void *value; /* * The value cannot overlap the names, and the value * with padding cannot extend beyond 'end'. Check both * the padded and unpadded sizes, since the size may * overflow to 0 when adding padding. */ if (offs > end - value_start) return -EFSCORRUPTED; value = value_start + offs; if (value < (void *)e + sizeof(u32) || size > end - value || EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(size) > end - value) return -EFSCORRUPTED; } entry = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(entry); } return 0; } static inline int __ext4_xattr_check_block(struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, const char *function, unsigned int line) { int error = -EFSCORRUPTED; if (BHDR(bh)->h_magic != cpu_to_le32(EXT4_XATTR_MAGIC) || BHDR(bh)->h_blocks != cpu_to_le32(1)) goto errout; if (buffer_verified(bh)) return 0; error = -EFSBADCRC; if (!ext4_xattr_block_csum_verify(inode, bh)) goto errout; error = ext4_xattr_check_entries(BFIRST(bh), bh->b_data + bh->b_size, bh->b_data); errout: if (error) __ext4_error_inode(inode, function, line, 0, -error, "corrupted xattr block %llu", (unsigned long long) bh->b_blocknr); else set_buffer_verified(bh); return error; } #define ext4_xattr_check_block(inode, bh) \ __ext4_xattr_check_block((inode), (bh), __func__, __LINE__) static int __xattr_check_inode(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *header, void *end, const char *function, unsigned int line) { int error = -EFSCORRUPTED; if (end - (void *)header < sizeof(*header) + sizeof(u32) || (header->h_magic != cpu_to_le32(EXT4_XATTR_MAGIC))) goto errout; error = ext4_xattr_check_entries(IFIRST(header), end, IFIRST(header)); errout: if (error) __ext4_error_inode(inode, function, line, 0, -error, "corrupted in-inode xattr"); return error; } #define xattr_check_inode(inode, header, end) \ __xattr_check_inode((inode), (header), (end), __func__, __LINE__) static int xattr_find_entry(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_entry **pentry, void *end, int name_index, const char *name, int sorted) { struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry, *next; size_t name_len; int cmp = 1; if (name == NULL) return -EINVAL; name_len = strlen(name); for (entry = *pentry; !IS_LAST_ENTRY(entry); entry = next) { next = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(entry); if ((void *) next >= end) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "corrupted xattr entries"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } cmp = name_index - entry->e_name_index; if (!cmp) cmp = name_len - entry->e_name_len; if (!cmp) cmp = memcmp(name, entry->e_name, name_len); if (cmp <= 0 && (sorted || cmp == 0)) break; } *pentry = entry; return cmp ? -ENODATA : 0; } static u32 ext4_xattr_inode_hash(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, const void *buffer, size_t size) { return ext4_chksum(sbi, sbi->s_csum_seed, buffer, size); } static u64 ext4_xattr_inode_get_ref(struct inode *ea_inode) { return ((u64)ea_inode->i_ctime.tv_sec << 32) | (u32) inode_peek_iversion_raw(ea_inode); } static void ext4_xattr_inode_set_ref(struct inode *ea_inode, u64 ref_count) { ea_inode->i_ctime.tv_sec = (u32)(ref_count >> 32); inode_set_iversion_raw(ea_inode, ref_count & 0xffffffff); } static u32 ext4_xattr_inode_get_hash(struct inode *ea_inode) { return (u32)ea_inode->i_atime.tv_sec; } static void ext4_xattr_inode_set_hash(struct inode *ea_inode, u32 hash) { ea_inode->i_atime.tv_sec = hash; } /* * Read the EA value from an inode. */ static int ext4_xattr_inode_read(struct inode *ea_inode, void *buf, size_t size) { int blocksize = 1 << ea_inode->i_blkbits; int bh_count = (size + blocksize - 1) >> ea_inode->i_blkbits; int tail_size = (size % blocksize) ?: blocksize; struct buffer_head *bhs_inline[8]; struct buffer_head **bhs = bhs_inline; int i, ret; if (bh_count > ARRAY_SIZE(bhs_inline)) { bhs = kmalloc_array(bh_count, sizeof(*bhs), GFP_NOFS); if (!bhs) return -ENOMEM; } ret = ext4_bread_batch(ea_inode, 0 /* block */, bh_count, true /* wait */, bhs); if (ret) goto free_bhs; for (i = 0; i < bh_count; i++) { /* There shouldn't be any holes in ea_inode. */ if (!bhs[i]) { ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto put_bhs; } memcpy((char *)buf + blocksize * i, bhs[i]->b_data, i < bh_count - 1 ? blocksize : tail_size); } ret = 0; put_bhs: for (i = 0; i < bh_count; i++) brelse(bhs[i]); free_bhs: if (bhs != bhs_inline) kfree(bhs); return ret; } #define EXT4_XATTR_INODE_GET_PARENT(inode) ((__u32)(inode)->i_mtime.tv_sec) static int ext4_xattr_inode_iget(struct inode *parent, unsigned long ea_ino, u32 ea_inode_hash, struct inode **ea_inode) { struct inode *inode; int err; inode = ext4_iget(parent->i_sb, ea_ino, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (IS_ERR(inode)) { err = PTR_ERR(inode); ext4_error(parent->i_sb, "error while reading EA inode %lu err=%d", ea_ino, err); return err; } if (is_bad_inode(inode)) { ext4_error(parent->i_sb, "error while reading EA inode %lu is_bad_inode", ea_ino); err = -EIO; goto error; } if (!(EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags & EXT4_EA_INODE_FL)) { ext4_error(parent->i_sb, "EA inode %lu does not have EXT4_EA_INODE_FL flag", ea_ino); err = -EINVAL; goto error; } ext4_xattr_inode_set_class(inode); /* * Check whether this is an old Lustre-style xattr inode. Lustre * implementation does not have hash validation, rather it has a * backpointer from ea_inode to the parent inode. */ if (ea_inode_hash != ext4_xattr_inode_get_hash(inode) && EXT4_XATTR_INODE_GET_PARENT(inode) == parent->i_ino && inode->i_generation == parent->i_generation) { ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_LUSTRE_EA_INODE); ext4_xattr_inode_set_ref(inode, 1); } else { inode_lock(inode); inode->i_flags |= S_NOQUOTA; inode_unlock(inode); } *ea_inode = inode; return 0; error: iput(inode); return err; } static int ext4_xattr_inode_verify_hashes(struct inode *ea_inode, struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry, void *buffer, size_t size) { u32 hash; /* Verify stored hash matches calculated hash. */ hash = ext4_xattr_inode_hash(EXT4_SB(ea_inode->i_sb), buffer, size); if (hash != ext4_xattr_inode_get_hash(ea_inode)) return -EFSCORRUPTED; if (entry) { __le32 e_hash, tmp_data; /* Verify entry hash. */ tmp_data = cpu_to_le32(hash); e_hash = ext4_xattr_hash_entry(entry->e_name, entry->e_name_len, &tmp_data, 1); if (e_hash != entry->e_hash) return -EFSCORRUPTED; } return 0; } /* * Read xattr value from the EA inode. */ static int ext4_xattr_inode_get(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry, void *buffer, size_t size) { struct mb_cache *ea_inode_cache = EA_INODE_CACHE(inode); struct inode *ea_inode; int err; err = ext4_xattr_inode_iget(inode, le32_to_cpu(entry->e_value_inum), le32_to_cpu(entry->e_hash), &ea_inode); if (err) { ea_inode = NULL; goto out; } if (i_size_read(ea_inode) != size) { ext4_warning_inode(ea_inode, "ea_inode file size=%llu entry size=%zu", i_size_read(ea_inode), size); err = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } err = ext4_xattr_inode_read(ea_inode, buffer, size); if (err) goto out; if (!ext4_test_inode_state(ea_inode, EXT4_STATE_LUSTRE_EA_INODE)) { err = ext4_xattr_inode_verify_hashes(ea_inode, entry, buffer, size); if (err) { ext4_warning_inode(ea_inode, "EA inode hash validation failed"); goto out; } if (ea_inode_cache) mb_cache_entry_create(ea_inode_cache, GFP_NOFS, ext4_xattr_inode_get_hash(ea_inode), ea_inode->i_ino, true /* reusable */); } out: iput(ea_inode); return err; } static int ext4_xattr_block_get(struct inode *inode, int name_index, const char *name, void *buffer, size_t buffer_size) { struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry; size_t size; void *end; int error; struct mb_cache *ea_block_cache = EA_BLOCK_CACHE(inode); ea_idebug(inode, "name=%d.%s, buffer=%p, buffer_size=%ld", name_index, name, buffer, (long)buffer_size); if (!EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl) return -ENODATA; ea_idebug(inode, "reading block %llu", (unsigned long long)EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl); bh = ext4_sb_bread(inode->i_sb, EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl, REQ_PRIO); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); ea_bdebug(bh, "b_count=%d, refcount=%d", atomic_read(&(bh->b_count)), le32_to_cpu(BHDR(bh)->h_refcount)); error = ext4_xattr_check_block(inode, bh); if (error) goto cleanup; ext4_xattr_block_cache_insert(ea_block_cache, bh); entry = BFIRST(bh); end = bh->b_data + bh->b_size; error = xattr_find_entry(inode, &entry, end, name_index, name, 1); if (error) goto cleanup; size = le32_to_cpu(entry->e_value_size); error = -ERANGE; if (unlikely(size > EXT4_XATTR_SIZE_MAX)) goto cleanup; if (buffer) { if (size > buffer_size) goto cleanup; if (entry->e_value_inum) { error = ext4_xattr_inode_get(inode, entry, buffer, size); if (error) goto cleanup; } else { u16 offset = le16_to_cpu(entry->e_value_offs); void *p = bh->b_data + offset; if (unlikely(p + size > end)) goto cleanup; memcpy(buffer, p, size); } } error = size; cleanup: brelse(bh); return error; } int ext4_xattr_ibody_get(struct inode *inode, int name_index, const char *name, void *buffer, size_t buffer_size) { struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *header; struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry; struct ext4_inode *raw_inode; struct ext4_iloc iloc; size_t size; void *end; int error; if (!ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR)) return -ENODATA; error = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc); if (error) return error; raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(&iloc); header = IHDR(inode, raw_inode); end = (void *)raw_inode + EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_inode_size; error = xattr_check_inode(inode, header, end); if (error) goto cleanup; entry = IFIRST(header); error = xattr_find_entry(inode, &entry, end, name_index, name, 0); if (error) goto cleanup; size = le32_to_cpu(entry->e_value_size); error = -ERANGE; if (unlikely(size > EXT4_XATTR_SIZE_MAX)) goto cleanup; if (buffer) { if (size > buffer_size) goto cleanup; if (entry->e_value_inum) { error = ext4_xattr_inode_get(inode, entry, buffer, size); if (error) goto cleanup; } else { u16 offset = le16_to_cpu(entry->e_value_offs); void *p = (void *)IFIRST(header) + offset; if (unlikely(p + size > end)) goto cleanup; memcpy(buffer, p, size); } } error = size; cleanup: brelse(iloc.bh); return error; } /* * ext4_xattr_get() * * Copy an extended attribute into the buffer * provided, or compute the buffer size required. * Buffer is NULL to compute the size of the buffer required. * * Returns a negative error number on failure, or the number of bytes * used / required on success. */ int ext4_xattr_get(struct inode *inode, int name_index, const char *name, void *buffer, size_t buffer_size) { int error; if (unlikely(ext4_forced_shutdown(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)))) return -EIO; if (strlen(name) > 255) return -ERANGE; down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); error = ext4_xattr_ibody_get(inode, name_index, name, buffer, buffer_size); if (error == -ENODATA) error = ext4_xattr_block_get(inode, name_index, name, buffer, buffer_size); up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); return error; } static int ext4_xattr_list_entries(struct dentry *dentry, struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry, char *buffer, size_t buffer_size) { size_t rest = buffer_size; for (; !IS_LAST_ENTRY(entry); entry = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(entry)) { const struct xattr_handler *handler = ext4_xattr_handler(entry->e_name_index); if (handler && (!handler->list || handler->list(dentry))) { const char *prefix = handler->prefix ?: handler->name; size_t prefix_len = strlen(prefix); size_t size = prefix_len + entry->e_name_len + 1; if (buffer) { if (size > rest) return -ERANGE; memcpy(buffer, prefix, prefix_len); buffer += prefix_len; memcpy(buffer, entry->e_name, entry->e_name_len); buffer += entry->e_name_len; *buffer++ = 0; } rest -= size; } } return buffer_size - rest; /* total size */ } static int ext4_xattr_block_list(struct dentry *dentry, char *buffer, size_t buffer_size) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; int error; ea_idebug(inode, "buffer=%p, buffer_size=%ld", buffer, (long)buffer_size); if (!EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl) return 0; ea_idebug(inode, "reading block %llu", (unsigned long long)EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl); bh = ext4_sb_bread(inode->i_sb, EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl, REQ_PRIO); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); ea_bdebug(bh, "b_count=%d, refcount=%d", atomic_read(&(bh->b_count)), le32_to_cpu(BHDR(bh)->h_refcount)); error = ext4_xattr_check_block(inode, bh); if (error) goto cleanup; ext4_xattr_block_cache_insert(EA_BLOCK_CACHE(inode), bh); error = ext4_xattr_list_entries(dentry, BFIRST(bh), buffer, buffer_size); cleanup: brelse(bh); return error; } static int ext4_xattr_ibody_list(struct dentry *dentry, char *buffer, size_t buffer_size) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *header; struct ext4_inode *raw_inode; struct ext4_iloc iloc; void *end; int error; if (!ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR)) return 0; error = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc); if (error) return error; raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(&iloc); header = IHDR(inode, raw_inode); end = (void *)raw_inode + EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_inode_size; error = xattr_check_inode(inode, header, end); if (error) goto cleanup; error = ext4_xattr_list_entries(dentry, IFIRST(header), buffer, buffer_size); cleanup: brelse(iloc.bh); return error; } /* * Inode operation listxattr() * * d_inode(dentry)->i_rwsem: don't care * * Copy a list of attribute names into the buffer * provided, or compute the buffer size required. * Buffer is NULL to compute the size of the buffer required. * * Returns a negative error number on failure, or the number of bytes * used / required on success. */ ssize_t ext4_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *buffer, size_t buffer_size) { int ret, ret2; down_read(&EXT4_I(d_inode(dentry))->xattr_sem); ret = ret2 = ext4_xattr_ibody_list(dentry, buffer, buffer_size); if (ret < 0) goto errout; if (buffer) { buffer += ret; buffer_size -= ret; } ret = ext4_xattr_block_list(dentry, buffer, buffer_size); if (ret < 0) goto errout; ret += ret2; errout: up_read(&EXT4_I(d_inode(dentry))->xattr_sem); return ret; } /* * If the EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR feature of this file system is * not set, set it. */ static void ext4_xattr_update_super_block(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb) { if (ext4_has_feature_xattr(sb)) return; BUFFER_TRACE(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh, "get_write_access"); if (ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh) == 0) { ext4_set_feature_xattr(sb); ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb); } } int ext4_get_inode_usage(struct inode *inode, qsize_t *usage) { struct ext4_iloc iloc = { .bh = NULL }; struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; struct ext4_inode *raw_inode; struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *header; struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry; qsize_t ea_inode_refs = 0; void *end; int ret; lockdep_assert_held_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem); if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR)) { ret = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc); if (ret) goto out; raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(&iloc); header = IHDR(inode, raw_inode); end = (void *)raw_inode + EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_inode_size; ret = xattr_check_inode(inode, header, end); if (ret) goto out; for (entry = IFIRST(header); !IS_LAST_ENTRY(entry); entry = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(entry)) if (entry->e_value_inum) ea_inode_refs++; } if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl) { bh = ext4_sb_bread(inode->i_sb, EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl, REQ_PRIO); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { ret = PTR_ERR(bh); bh = NULL; goto out; } ret = ext4_xattr_check_block(inode, bh); if (ret) goto out; for (entry = BFIRST(bh); !IS_LAST_ENTRY(entry); entry = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(entry)) if (entry->e_value_inum) ea_inode_refs++; } *usage = ea_inode_refs + 1; ret = 0; out: brelse(iloc.bh); brelse(bh); return ret; } static inline size_t round_up_cluster(struct inode *inode, size_t length) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; size_t cluster_size = 1 << (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_cluster_bits + inode->i_blkbits); size_t mask = ~(cluster_size - 1); return (length + cluster_size - 1) & mask; } static int ext4_xattr_inode_alloc_quota(struct inode *inode, size_t len) { int err; err = dquot_alloc_inode(inode); if (err) return err; err = dquot_alloc_space_nodirty(inode, round_up_cluster(inode, len)); if (err) dquot_free_inode(inode); return err; } static void ext4_xattr_inode_free_quota(struct inode *parent, struct inode *ea_inode, size_t len) { if (ea_inode && ext4_test_inode_state(ea_inode, EXT4_STATE_LUSTRE_EA_INODE)) return; dquot_free_space_nodirty(parent, round_up_cluster(parent, len)); dquot_free_inode(parent); } int __ext4_xattr_set_credits(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *block_bh, size_t value_len, bool is_create) { int credits; int blocks; /* * 1) Owner inode update * 2) Ref count update on old xattr block * 3) new xattr block * 4) block bitmap update for new xattr block * 5) group descriptor for new xattr block * 6) block bitmap update for old xattr block * 7) group descriptor for old block * * 6 & 7 can happen if we have two racing threads T_a and T_b * which are each trying to set an xattr on inodes I_a and I_b * which were both initially sharing an xattr block. */ credits = 7; /* Quota updates. */ credits += EXT4_MAXQUOTAS_TRANS_BLOCKS(sb); /* * In case of inline data, we may push out the data to a block, * so we need to reserve credits for this eventuality */ if (inode && ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) credits += ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode) + 1; /* We are done if ea_inode feature is not enabled. */ if (!ext4_has_feature_ea_inode(sb)) return credits; /* New ea_inode, inode map, block bitmap, group descriptor. */ credits += 4; /* Data blocks. */ blocks = (value_len + sb->s_blocksize - 1) >> sb->s_blocksize_bits; /* Indirection block or one level of extent tree. */ blocks += 1; /* Block bitmap and group descriptor updates for each block. */ credits += blocks * 2; /* Blocks themselves. */ credits += blocks; if (!is_create) { /* Dereference ea_inode holding old xattr value. * Old ea_inode, inode map, block bitmap, group descriptor. */ credits += 4; /* Data blocks for old ea_inode. */ blocks = XATTR_SIZE_MAX >> sb->s_blocksize_bits; /* Indirection block or one level of extent tree for old * ea_inode. */ blocks += 1; /* Block bitmap and group descriptor updates for each block. */ credits += blocks * 2; } /* We may need to clone the existing xattr block in which case we need * to increment ref counts for existing ea_inodes referenced by it. */ if (block_bh) { struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry = BFIRST(block_bh); for (; !IS_LAST_ENTRY(entry); entry = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(entry)) if (entry->e_value_inum) /* Ref count update on ea_inode. */ credits += 1; } return credits; } static int ext4_xattr_inode_update_ref(handle_t *handle, struct inode *ea_inode, int ref_change) { struct mb_cache *ea_inode_cache = EA_INODE_CACHE(ea_inode); struct ext4_iloc iloc; s64 ref_count; u32 hash; int ret; inode_lock(ea_inode); ret = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, ea_inode, &iloc); if (ret) goto out; ref_count = ext4_xattr_inode_get_ref(ea_inode); ref_count += ref_change; ext4_xattr_inode_set_ref(ea_inode, ref_count); if (ref_change > 0) { WARN_ONCE(ref_count <= 0, "EA inode %lu ref_count=%lld", ea_inode->i_ino, ref_count); if (ref_count == 1) { WARN_ONCE(ea_inode->i_nlink, "EA inode %lu i_nlink=%u", ea_inode->i_ino, ea_inode->i_nlink); set_nlink(ea_inode, 1); ext4_orphan_del(handle, ea_inode); if (ea_inode_cache) { hash = ext4_xattr_inode_get_hash(ea_inode); mb_cache_entry_create(ea_inode_cache, GFP_NOFS, hash, ea_inode->i_ino, true /* reusable */); } } } else { WARN_ONCE(ref_count < 0, "EA inode %lu ref_count=%lld", ea_inode->i_ino, ref_count); if (ref_count == 0) { WARN_ONCE(ea_inode->i_nlink != 1, "EA inode %lu i_nlink=%u", ea_inode->i_ino, ea_inode->i_nlink); clear_nlink(ea_inode); ext4_orphan_add(handle, ea_inode); if (ea_inode_cache) { hash = ext4_xattr_inode_get_hash(ea_inode); mb_cache_entry_delete(ea_inode_cache, hash, ea_inode->i_ino); } } } ret = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, ea_inode, &iloc); if (ret) ext4_warning_inode(ea_inode, "ext4_mark_iloc_dirty() failed ret=%d", ret); out: inode_unlock(ea_inode); return ret; } static int ext4_xattr_inode_inc_ref(handle_t *handle, struct inode *ea_inode) { return ext4_xattr_inode_update_ref(handle, ea_inode, 1); } static int ext4_xattr_inode_dec_ref(handle_t *handle, struct inode *ea_inode) { return ext4_xattr_inode_update_ref(handle, ea_inode, -1); } static int ext4_xattr_inode_inc_ref_all(handle_t *handle, struct inode *parent, struct ext4_xattr_entry *first) { struct inode *ea_inode; struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry; struct ext4_xattr_entry *failed_entry; unsigned int ea_ino; int err, saved_err; for (entry = first; !IS_LAST_ENTRY(entry); entry = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(entry)) { if (!entry->e_value_inum) continue; ea_ino = le32_to_cpu(entry->e_value_inum); err = ext4_xattr_inode_iget(parent, ea_ino, le32_to_cpu(entry->e_hash), &ea_inode); if (err) goto cleanup; err = ext4_xattr_inode_inc_ref(handle, ea_inode); if (err) { ext4_warning_inode(ea_inode, "inc ref error %d", err); iput(ea_inode); goto cleanup; } iput(ea_inode); } return 0; cleanup: saved_err = err; failed_entry = entry; for (entry = first; entry != failed_entry; entry = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(entry)) { if (!entry->e_value_inum) continue; ea_ino = le32_to_cpu(entry->e_value_inum); err = ext4_xattr_inode_iget(parent, ea_ino, le32_to_cpu(entry->e_hash), &ea_inode); if (err) { ext4_warning(parent->i_sb, "cleanup ea_ino %u iget error %d", ea_ino, err); continue; } err = ext4_xattr_inode_dec_ref(handle, ea_inode); if (err) ext4_warning_inode(ea_inode, "cleanup dec ref error %d", err); iput(ea_inode); } return saved_err; } static int ext4_xattr_restart_fn(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, bool block_csum, bool dirty) { int error; if (bh && dirty) { if (block_csum) ext4_xattr_block_csum_set(inode, bh); error = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh); if (error) { ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "Handle metadata (error %d)", error); return error; } } return 0; } static void ext4_xattr_inode_dec_ref_all(handle_t *handle, struct inode *parent, struct buffer_head *bh, struct ext4_xattr_entry *first, bool block_csum, struct ext4_xattr_inode_array **ea_inode_array, int extra_credits, bool skip_quota) { struct inode *ea_inode; struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry; bool dirty = false; unsigned int ea_ino; int err; int credits; /* One credit for dec ref on ea_inode, one for orphan list addition, */ credits = 2 + extra_credits; for (entry = first; !IS_LAST_ENTRY(entry); entry = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(entry)) { if (!entry->e_value_inum) continue; ea_ino = le32_to_cpu(entry->e_value_inum); err = ext4_xattr_inode_iget(parent, ea_ino, le32_to_cpu(entry->e_hash), &ea_inode); if (err) continue; err = ext4_expand_inode_array(ea_inode_array, ea_inode); if (err) { ext4_warning_inode(ea_inode, "Expand inode array err=%d", err); iput(ea_inode); continue; } err = ext4_journal_ensure_credits_fn(handle, credits, credits, ext4_free_metadata_revoke_credits(parent->i_sb, 1), ext4_xattr_restart_fn(handle, parent, bh, block_csum, dirty)); if (err < 0) { ext4_warning_inode(ea_inode, "Ensure credits err=%d", err); continue; } if (err > 0) { err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (err) { ext4_warning_inode(ea_inode, "Re-get write access err=%d", err); continue; } } err = ext4_xattr_inode_dec_ref(handle, ea_inode); if (err) { ext4_warning_inode(ea_inode, "ea_inode dec ref err=%d", err); continue; } if (!skip_quota) ext4_xattr_inode_free_quota(parent, ea_inode, le32_to_cpu(entry->e_value_size)); /* * Forget about ea_inode within the same transaction that * decrements the ref count. This avoids duplicate decrements in * case the rest of the work spills over to subsequent * transactions. */ entry->e_value_inum = 0; entry->e_value_size = 0; dirty = true; } if (dirty) { /* * Note that we are deliberately skipping csum calculation for * the final update because we do not expect any journal * restarts until xattr block is freed. */ err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh); if (err) ext4_warning_inode(parent, "handle dirty metadata err=%d", err); } } /* * Release the xattr block BH: If the reference count is > 1, decrement it; * otherwise free the block. */ static void ext4_xattr_release_block(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct buffer_head *bh, struct ext4_xattr_inode_array **ea_inode_array, int extra_credits) { struct mb_cache *ea_block_cache = EA_BLOCK_CACHE(inode); u32 hash, ref; int error = 0; BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access"); error = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (error) goto out; lock_buffer(bh); hash = le32_to_cpu(BHDR(bh)->h_hash); ref = le32_to_cpu(BHDR(bh)->h_refcount); if (ref == 1) { ea_bdebug(bh, "refcount now=0; freeing"); /* * This must happen under buffer lock for * ext4_xattr_block_set() to reliably detect freed block */ if (ea_block_cache) mb_cache_entry_delete(ea_block_cache, hash, bh->b_blocknr); get_bh(bh); unlock_buffer(bh); if (ext4_has_feature_ea_inode(inode->i_sb)) ext4_xattr_inode_dec_ref_all(handle, inode, bh, BFIRST(bh), true /* block_csum */, ea_inode_array, extra_credits, true /* skip_quota */); ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, bh, 0, 1, EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA | EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET); } else { ref--; BHDR(bh)->h_refcount = cpu_to_le32(ref); if (ref == EXT4_XATTR_REFCOUNT_MAX - 1) { struct mb_cache_entry *ce; if (ea_block_cache) { ce = mb_cache_entry_get(ea_block_cache, hash, bh->b_blocknr); if (ce) { ce->e_reusable = 1; mb_cache_entry_put(ea_block_cache, ce); } } } ext4_xattr_block_csum_set(inode, bh); /* * Beware of this ugliness: Releasing of xattr block references * from different inodes can race and so we have to protect * from a race where someone else frees the block (and releases * its journal_head) before we are done dirtying the buffer. In * nojournal mode this race is harmless and we actually cannot * call ext4_handle_dirty_metadata() with locked buffer as * that function can call sync_dirty_buffer() so for that case * we handle the dirtying after unlocking the buffer. */ if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) error = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); unlock_buffer(bh); if (!ext4_handle_valid(handle)) error = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bh); if (IS_SYNC(inode)) ext4_handle_sync(handle); dquot_free_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb), 1)); ea_bdebug(bh, "refcount now=%d; releasing", le32_to_cpu(BHDR(bh)->h_refcount)); } out: ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, error); return; } /* * Find the available free space for EAs. This also returns the total number of * bytes used by EA entries. */ static size_t ext4_xattr_free_space(struct ext4_xattr_entry *last, size_t *min_offs, void *base, int *total) { for (; !IS_LAST_ENTRY(last); last = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(last)) { if (!last->e_value_inum && last->e_value_size) { size_t offs = le16_to_cpu(last->e_value_offs); if (offs < *min_offs) *min_offs = offs; } if (total) *total += EXT4_XATTR_LEN(last->e_name_len); } return (*min_offs - ((void *)last - base) - sizeof(__u32)); } /* * Write the value of the EA in an inode. */ static int ext4_xattr_inode_write(handle_t *handle, struct inode *ea_inode, const void *buf, int bufsize) { struct buffer_head *bh = NULL; unsigned long block = 0; int blocksize = ea_inode->i_sb->s_blocksize; int max_blocks = (bufsize + blocksize - 1) >> ea_inode->i_blkbits; int csize, wsize = 0; int ret = 0, ret2 = 0; int retries = 0; retry: while (ret >= 0 && ret < max_blocks) { struct ext4_map_blocks map; map.m_lblk = block += ret; map.m_len = max_blocks -= ret; ret = ext4_map_blocks(handle, ea_inode, &map, EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE); if (ret <= 0) { ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, ea_inode); if (ret == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(ea_inode->i_sb, &retries)) { ret = 0; goto retry; } break; } } if (ret < 0) return ret; block = 0; while (wsize < bufsize) { brelse(bh); csize = (bufsize - wsize) > blocksize ? blocksize : bufsize - wsize; bh = ext4_getblk(handle, ea_inode, block, 0); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return PTR_ERR(bh); if (!bh) { WARN_ON_ONCE(1); EXT4_ERROR_INODE(ea_inode, "ext4_getblk() return bh = NULL"); return -EFSCORRUPTED; } ret = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh); if (ret) goto out; memcpy(bh->b_data, buf, csize); set_buffer_uptodate(bh); ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, ea_inode, bh); buf += csize; wsize += csize; block += 1; } inode_lock(ea_inode); i_size_write(ea_inode, wsize); ext4_update_i_disksize(ea_inode, wsize); inode_unlock(ea_inode); ret2 = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, ea_inode); if (unlikely(ret2 && !ret)) ret = ret2; out: brelse(bh); return ret; } /* * Create an inode to store the value of a large EA. */ static struct inode *ext4_xattr_inode_create(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, u32 hash) { struct inode *ea_inode = NULL; uid_t owner[2] = { i_uid_read(inode), i_gid_read(inode) }; int err; /* * Let the next inode be the goal, so we try and allocate the EA inode * in the same group, or nearby one. */ ea_inode = ext4_new_inode(handle, inode->i_sb->s_root->d_inode, S_IFREG | 0600, NULL, inode->i_ino + 1, owner, EXT4_EA_INODE_FL); if (!IS_ERR(ea_inode)) { ea_inode->i_op = &ext4_file_inode_operations; ea_inode->i_fop = &ext4_file_operations; ext4_set_aops(ea_inode); ext4_xattr_inode_set_class(ea_inode); unlock_new_inode(ea_inode); ext4_xattr_inode_set_ref(ea_inode, 1); ext4_xattr_inode_set_hash(ea_inode, hash); err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, ea_inode); if (!err) err = ext4_inode_attach_jinode(ea_inode); if (err) { iput(ea_inode); return ERR_PTR(err); } /* * Xattr inodes are shared therefore quota charging is performed * at a higher level. */ dquot_free_inode(ea_inode); dquot_drop(ea_inode); inode_lock(ea_inode); ea_inode->i_flags |= S_NOQUOTA; inode_unlock(ea_inode); } return ea_inode; } static struct inode * ext4_xattr_inode_cache_find(struct inode *inode, const void *value, size_t value_len, u32 hash) { struct inode *ea_inode; struct mb_cache_entry *ce; struct mb_cache *ea_inode_cache = EA_INODE_CACHE(inode); void *ea_data; if (!ea_inode_cache) return NULL; ce = mb_cache_entry_find_first(ea_inode_cache, hash); if (!ce) return NULL; WARN_ON_ONCE(ext4_handle_valid(journal_current_handle()) && !(current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS)); ea_data = kvmalloc(value_len, GFP_KERNEL); if (!ea_data) { mb_cache_entry_put(ea_inode_cache, ce); return NULL; } while (ce) { ea_inode = ext4_iget(inode->i_sb, ce->e_value, EXT4_IGET_NORMAL); if (!IS_ERR(ea_inode) && !is_bad_inode(ea_inode) && (EXT4_I(ea_inode)->i_flags & EXT4_EA_INODE_FL) && i_size_read(ea_inode) == value_len && !ext4_xattr_inode_read(ea_inode, ea_data, value_len) && !ext4_xattr_inode_verify_hashes(ea_inode, NULL, ea_data, value_len) && !memcmp(value, ea_data, value_len)) { mb_cache_entry_touch(ea_inode_cache, ce); mb_cache_entry_put(ea_inode_cache, ce); kvfree(ea_data); return ea_inode; } if (!IS_ERR(ea_inode)) iput(ea_inode); ce = mb_cache_entry_find_next(ea_inode_cache, ce); } kvfree(ea_data); return NULL; } /* * Add value of the EA in an inode. */ static int ext4_xattr_inode_lookup_create(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, const void *value, size_t value_len, struct inode **ret_inode) { struct inode *ea_inode; u32 hash; int err; hash = ext4_xattr_inode_hash(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb), value, value_len); ea_inode = ext4_xattr_inode_cache_find(inode, value, value_len, hash); if (ea_inode) { err = ext4_xattr_inode_inc_ref(handle, ea_inode); if (err) { iput(ea_inode); return err; } *ret_inode = ea_inode; return 0; } /* Create an inode for the EA value */ ea_inode = ext4_xattr_inode_create(handle, inode, hash); if (IS_ERR(ea_inode)) return PTR_ERR(ea_inode); err = ext4_xattr_inode_write(handle, ea_inode, value, value_len); if (err) { ext4_xattr_inode_dec_ref(handle, ea_inode); iput(ea_inode); return err; } if (EA_INODE_CACHE(inode)) mb_cache_entry_create(EA_INODE_CACHE(inode), GFP_NOFS, hash, ea_inode->i_ino, true /* reusable */); *ret_inode = ea_inode; return 0; } /* * Reserve min(block_size/8, 1024) bytes for xattr entries/names if ea_inode * feature is enabled. */ #define EXT4_XATTR_BLOCK_RESERVE(inode) min(i_blocksize(inode)/8, 1024U) static int ext4_xattr_set_entry(struct ext4_xattr_info *i, struct ext4_xattr_search *s, handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, bool is_block) { struct ext4_xattr_entry *last, *next; struct ext4_xattr_entry *here = s->here; size_t min_offs = s->end - s->base, name_len = strlen(i->name); int in_inode = i->in_inode; struct inode *old_ea_inode = NULL; struct inode *new_ea_inode = NULL; size_t old_size, new_size; int ret; /* Space used by old and new values. */ old_size = (!s->not_found && !here->e_value_inum) ? EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(le32_to_cpu(here->e_value_size)) : 0; new_size = (i->value && !in_inode) ? EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(i->value_len) : 0; /* * Optimization for the simple case when old and new values have the * same padded sizes. Not applicable if external inodes are involved. */ if (new_size && new_size == old_size) { size_t offs = le16_to_cpu(here->e_value_offs); void *val = s->base + offs; here->e_value_size = cpu_to_le32(i->value_len); if (i->value == EXT4_ZERO_XATTR_VALUE) { memset(val, 0, new_size); } else { memcpy(val, i->value, i->value_len); /* Clear padding bytes. */ memset(val + i->value_len, 0, new_size - i->value_len); } goto update_hash; } /* Compute min_offs and last. */ last = s->first; for (; !IS_LAST_ENTRY(last); last = next) { next = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(last); if ((void *)next >= s->end) { EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "corrupted xattr entries"); ret = -EFSCORRUPTED; goto out; } if (!last->e_value_inum && last->e_value_size) { size_t offs = le16_to_cpu(last->e_value_offs); if (offs < min_offs) min_offs = offs; } } /* Check whether we have enough space. */ if (i->value) { size_t free; free = min_offs - ((void *)last - s->base) - sizeof(__u32); if (!s->not_found) free += EXT4_XATTR_LEN(name_len) + old_size; if (free < EXT4_XATTR_LEN(name_len) + new_size) { ret = -ENOSPC; goto out; } /* * If storing the value in an external inode is an option, * reserve space for xattr entries/names in the external * attribute block so that a long value does not occupy the * whole space and prevent futher entries being added. */ if (ext4_has_feature_ea_inode(inode->i_sb) && new_size && is_block && (min_offs + old_size - new_size) < EXT4_XATTR_BLOCK_RESERVE(inode)) { ret = -ENOSPC; goto out; } } /* * Getting access to old and new ea inodes is subject to failures. * Finish that work before doing any modifications to the xattr data. */ if (!s->not_found && here->e_value_inum) { ret = ext4_xattr_inode_iget(inode, le32_to_cpu(here->e_value_inum), le32_to_cpu(here->e_hash), &old_ea_inode); if (ret) { old_ea_inode = NULL; goto out; } } if (i->value && in_inode) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!i->value_len); ret = ext4_xattr_inode_alloc_quota(inode, i->value_len); if (ret) goto out; ret = ext4_xattr_inode_lookup_create(handle, inode, i->value, i->value_len, &new_ea_inode); if (ret) { new_ea_inode = NULL; ext4_xattr_inode_free_quota(inode, NULL, i->value_len); goto out; } } if (old_ea_inode) { /* We are ready to release ref count on the old_ea_inode. */ ret = ext4_xattr_inode_dec_ref(handle, old_ea_inode); if (ret) { /* Release newly required ref count on new_ea_inode. */ if (new_ea_inode) { int err; err = ext4_xattr_inode_dec_ref(handle, new_ea_inode); if (err) ext4_warning_inode(new_ea_inode, "dec ref new_ea_inode err=%d", err); ext4_xattr_inode_free_quota(inode, new_ea_inode, i->value_len); } goto out; } ext4_xattr_inode_free_quota(inode, old_ea_inode, le32_to_cpu(here->e_value_size)); } /* No failures allowed past this point. */ if (!s->not_found && here->e_value_size && !here->e_value_inum) { /* Remove the old value. */ void *first_val = s->base + min_offs; size_t offs = le16_to_cpu(here->e_value_offs); void *val = s->base + offs; memmove(first_val + old_size, first_val, val - first_val); memset(first_val, 0, old_size); min_offs += old_size; /* Adjust all value offsets. */ last = s->first; while (!IS_LAST_ENTRY(last)) { size_t o = le16_to_cpu(last->e_value_offs); if (!last->e_value_inum && last->e_value_size && o < offs) last->e_value_offs = cpu_to_le16(o + old_size); last = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(last); } } if (!i->value) { /* Remove old name. */ size_t size = EXT4_XATTR_LEN(name_len); last = ENTRY((void *)last - size); memmove(here, (void *)here + size, (void *)last - (void *)here + sizeof(__u32)); memset(last, 0, size); } else if (s->not_found) { /* Insert new name. */ size_t size = EXT4_XATTR_LEN(name_len); size_t rest = (void *)last - (void *)here + sizeof(__u32); memmove((void *)here + size, here, rest); memset(here, 0, size); here->e_name_index = i->name_index; here->e_name_len = name_len; memcpy(here->e_name, i->name, name_len); } else { /* This is an update, reset value info. */ here->e_value_inum = 0; here->e_value_offs = 0; here->e_value_size = 0; } if (i->value) { /* Insert new value. */ if (in_inode) { here->e_value_inum = cpu_to_le32(new_ea_inode->i_ino); } else if (i->value_len) { void *val = s->base + min_offs - new_size; here->e_value_offs = cpu_to_le16(min_offs - new_size); if (i->value == EXT4_ZERO_XATTR_VALUE) { memset(val, 0, new_size); } else { memcpy(val, i->value, i->value_len); /* Clear padding bytes. */ memset(val + i->value_len, 0, new_size - i->value_len); } } here->e_value_size = cpu_to_le32(i->value_len); } update_hash: if (i->value) { __le32 hash = 0; /* Entry hash calculation. */ if (in_inode) { __le32 crc32c_hash; /* * Feed crc32c hash instead of the raw value for entry * hash calculation. This is to avoid walking * potentially long value buffer again. */ crc32c_hash = cpu_to_le32( ext4_xattr_inode_get_hash(new_ea_inode)); hash = ext4_xattr_hash_entry(here->e_name, here->e_name_len, &crc32c_hash, 1); } else if (is_block) { __le32 *value = s->base + le16_to_cpu( here->e_value_offs); hash = ext4_xattr_hash_entry(here->e_name, here->e_name_len, value, new_size >> 2); } here->e_hash = hash; } if (is_block) ext4_xattr_rehash((struct ext4_xattr_header *)s->base); ret = 0; out: iput(old_ea_inode); iput(new_ea_inode); return ret; } struct ext4_xattr_block_find { struct ext4_xattr_search s; struct buffer_head *bh; }; static int ext4_xattr_block_find(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_info *i, struct ext4_xattr_block_find *bs) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; int error; ea_idebug(inode, "name=%d.%s, value=%p, value_len=%ld", i->name_index, i->name, i->value, (long)i->value_len); if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl) { /* The inode already has an extended attribute block. */ bs->bh = ext4_sb_bread(sb, EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl, REQ_PRIO); if (IS_ERR(bs->bh)) { error = PTR_ERR(bs->bh); bs->bh = NULL; return error; } ea_bdebug(bs->bh, "b_count=%d, refcount=%d", atomic_read(&(bs->bh->b_count)), le32_to_cpu(BHDR(bs->bh)->h_refcount)); error = ext4_xattr_check_block(inode, bs->bh); if (error) return error; /* Find the named attribute. */ bs->s.base = BHDR(bs->bh); bs->s.first = BFIRST(bs->bh); bs->s.end = bs->bh->b_data + bs->bh->b_size; bs->s.here = bs->s.first; error = xattr_find_entry(inode, &bs->s.here, bs->s.end, i->name_index, i->name, 1); if (error && error != -ENODATA) return error; bs->s.not_found = error; } return 0; } static int ext4_xattr_block_set(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_info *i, struct ext4_xattr_block_find *bs) { struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb; struct buffer_head *new_bh = NULL; struct ext4_xattr_search s_copy = bs->s; struct ext4_xattr_search *s = &s_copy; struct mb_cache_entry *ce = NULL; int error = 0; struct mb_cache *ea_block_cache = EA_BLOCK_CACHE(inode); struct inode *ea_inode = NULL, *tmp_inode; size_t old_ea_inode_quota = 0; unsigned int ea_ino; #define header(x) ((struct ext4_xattr_header *)(x)) if (s->base) { BUFFER_TRACE(bs->bh, "get_write_access"); error = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bs->bh); if (error) goto cleanup; lock_buffer(bs->bh); if (header(s->base)->h_refcount == cpu_to_le32(1)) { __u32 hash = le32_to_cpu(BHDR(bs->bh)->h_hash); /* * This must happen under buffer lock for * ext4_xattr_block_set() to reliably detect modified * block */ if (ea_block_cache) mb_cache_entry_delete(ea_block_cache, hash, bs->bh->b_blocknr); ea_bdebug(bs->bh, "modifying in-place"); error = ext4_xattr_set_entry(i, s, handle, inode, true /* is_block */); ext4_xattr_block_csum_set(inode, bs->bh); unlock_buffer(bs->bh); if (error == -EFSCORRUPTED) goto bad_block; if (!error) error = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, bs->bh); if (error) goto cleanup; goto inserted; } else { int offset = (char *)s->here - bs->bh->b_data; unlock_buffer(bs->bh); ea_bdebug(bs->bh, "cloning"); s->base = kmalloc(bs->bh->b_size, GFP_NOFS); error = -ENOMEM; if (s->base == NULL) goto cleanup; memcpy(s->base, BHDR(bs->bh), bs->bh->b_size); s->first = ENTRY(header(s->base)+1); header(s->base)->h_refcount = cpu_to_le32(1); s->here = ENTRY(s->base + offset); s->end = s->base + bs->bh->b_size; /* * If existing entry points to an xattr inode, we need * to prevent ext4_xattr_set_entry() from decrementing * ref count on it because the reference belongs to the * original block. In this case, make the entry look * like it has an empty value. */ if (!s->not_found && s->here->e_value_inum) { ea_ino = le32_to_cpu(s->here->e_value_inum); error = ext4_xattr_inode_iget(inode, ea_ino, le32_to_cpu(s->here->e_hash), &tmp_inode); if (error) goto cleanup; if (!ext4_test_inode_state(tmp_inode, EXT4_STATE_LUSTRE_EA_INODE)) { /* * Defer quota free call for previous * inode until success is guaranteed. */ old_ea_inode_quota = le32_to_cpu( s->here->e_value_size); } iput(tmp_inode); s->here->e_value_inum = 0; s->here->e_value_size = 0; } } } else { /* Allocate a buffer where we construct the new block. */ s->base = kzalloc(sb->s_blocksize, GFP_NOFS); /* assert(header == s->base) */ error = -ENOMEM; if (s->base == NULL) goto cleanup; header(s->base)->h_magic = cpu_to_le32(EXT4_XATTR_MAGIC); header(s->base)->h_blocks = cpu_to_le32(1); header(s->base)->h_refcount = cpu_to_le32(1); s->first = ENTRY(header(s->base)+1); s->here = ENTRY(header(s->base)+1); s->end = s->base + sb->s_blocksize; } error = ext4_xattr_set_entry(i, s, handle, inode, true /* is_block */); if (error == -EFSCORRUPTED) goto bad_block; if (error) goto cleanup; if (i->value && s->here->e_value_inum) { /* * A ref count on ea_inode has been taken as part of the call to * ext4_xattr_set_entry() above. We would like to drop this * extra ref but we have to wait until the xattr block is * initialized and has its own ref count on the ea_inode. */ ea_ino = le32_to_cpu(s->here->e_value_inum); error = ext4_xattr_inode_iget(inode, ea_ino, le32_to_cpu(s->here->e_hash), &ea_inode); if (error) { ea_inode = NULL; goto cleanup; } } inserted: if (!IS_LAST_ENTRY(s->first)) { new_bh = ext4_xattr_block_cache_find(inode, header(s->base), &ce); if (new_bh) { /* We found an identical block in the cache. */ if (new_bh == bs->bh) ea_bdebug(new_bh, "keeping"); else { u32 ref; WARN_ON_ONCE(dquot_initialize_needed(inode)); /* The old block is released after updating the inode. */ error = dquot_alloc_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(sb), 1)); if (error) goto cleanup; BUFFER_TRACE(new_bh, "get_write_access"); error = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, new_bh); if (error) goto cleanup_dquot; lock_buffer(new_bh); /* * We have to be careful about races with * freeing, rehashing or adding references to * xattr block. Once we hold buffer lock xattr * block's state is stable so we can check * whether the block got freed / rehashed or * not. Since we unhash mbcache entry under * buffer lock when freeing / rehashing xattr * block, checking whether entry is still * hashed is reliable. Same rules hold for * e_reusable handling. */ if (hlist_bl_unhashed(&ce->e_hash_list) || !ce->e_reusable) { /* * Undo everything and check mbcache * again. */ unlock_buffer(new_bh); dquot_free_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(sb), 1)); brelse(new_bh); mb_cache_entry_put(ea_block_cache, ce); ce = NULL; new_bh = NULL; goto inserted; } ref = le32_to_cpu(BHDR(new_bh)->h_refcount) + 1; BHDR(new_bh)->h_refcount = cpu_to_le32(ref); if (ref >= EXT4_XATTR_REFCOUNT_MAX) ce->e_reusable = 0; ea_bdebug(new_bh, "reusing; refcount now=%d", ref); ext4_xattr_block_csum_set(inode, new_bh); unlock_buffer(new_bh); error = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, new_bh); if (error) goto cleanup_dquot; } mb_cache_entry_touch(ea_block_cache, ce); mb_cache_entry_put(ea_block_cache, ce); ce = NULL; } else if (bs->bh && s->base == bs->bh->b_data) { /* We were modifying this block in-place. */ ea_bdebug(bs->bh, "keeping this block"); ext4_xattr_block_cache_insert(ea_block_cache, bs->bh); new_bh = bs->bh; get_bh(new_bh); } else { /* We need to allocate a new block */ ext4_fsblk_t goal, block; WARN_ON_ONCE(dquot_initialize_needed(inode)); goal = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, EXT4_I(inode)->i_block_group); /* non-extent files can't have physical blocks past 2^32 */ if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) goal = goal & EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_FILE_PHYS; block = ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle, inode, goal, 0, NULL, &error); if (error) goto cleanup; if (!(ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS))) BUG_ON(block > EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_FILE_PHYS); ea_idebug(inode, "creating block %llu", (unsigned long long)block); new_bh = sb_getblk(sb, block); if (unlikely(!new_bh)) { error = -ENOMEM; getblk_failed: ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, block, 1, EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA); goto cleanup; } error = ext4_xattr_inode_inc_ref_all(handle, inode, ENTRY(header(s->base)+1)); if (error) goto getblk_failed; if (ea_inode) { /* Drop the extra ref on ea_inode. */ error = ext4_xattr_inode_dec_ref(handle, ea_inode); if (error) ext4_warning_inode(ea_inode, "dec ref error=%d", error); iput(ea_inode); ea_inode = NULL; } lock_buffer(new_bh); error = ext4_journal_get_create_access(handle, new_bh); if (error) { unlock_buffer(new_bh); error = -EIO; goto getblk_failed; } memcpy(new_bh->b_data, s->base, new_bh->b_size); ext4_xattr_block_csum_set(inode, new_bh); set_buffer_uptodate(new_bh); unlock_buffer(new_bh); ext4_xattr_block_cache_insert(ea_block_cache, new_bh); error = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, inode, new_bh); if (error) goto cleanup; } } if (old_ea_inode_quota) ext4_xattr_inode_free_quota(inode, NULL, old_ea_inode_quota); /* Update the inode. */ EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl = new_bh ? new_bh->b_blocknr : 0; /* Drop the previous xattr block. */ if (bs->bh && bs->bh != new_bh) { struct ext4_xattr_inode_array *ea_inode_array = NULL; ext4_xattr_release_block(handle, inode, bs->bh, &ea_inode_array, 0 /* extra_credits */); ext4_xattr_inode_array_free(ea_inode_array); } error = 0; cleanup: if (ea_inode) { int error2; error2 = ext4_xattr_inode_dec_ref(handle, ea_inode); if (error2) ext4_warning_inode(ea_inode, "dec ref error=%d", error2); /* If there was an error, revert the quota charge. */ if (error) ext4_xattr_inode_free_quota(inode, ea_inode, i_size_read(ea_inode)); iput(ea_inode); } if (ce) mb_cache_entry_put(ea_block_cache, ce); brelse(new_bh); if (!(bs->bh && s->base == bs->bh->b_data)) kfree(s->base); return error; cleanup_dquot: dquot_free_block(inode, EXT4_C2B(EXT4_SB(sb), 1)); goto cleanup; bad_block: EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "bad block %llu", EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl); goto cleanup; #undef header } int ext4_xattr_ibody_find(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_info *i, struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find *is) { struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *header; struct ext4_inode *raw_inode; int error; if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize == 0) return 0; raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(&is->iloc); header = IHDR(inode, raw_inode); is->s.base = is->s.first = IFIRST(header); is->s.here = is->s.first; is->s.end = (void *)raw_inode + EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_inode_size; if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR)) { error = xattr_check_inode(inode, header, is->s.end); if (error) return error; /* Find the named attribute. */ error = xattr_find_entry(inode, &is->s.here, is->s.end, i->name_index, i->name, 0); if (error && error != -ENODATA) return error; is->s.not_found = error; } return 0; } int ext4_xattr_ibody_inline_set(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_info *i, struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find *is) { struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *header; struct ext4_xattr_search *s = &is->s; int error; if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize == 0) return -ENOSPC; error = ext4_xattr_set_entry(i, s, handle, inode, false /* is_block */); if (error) return error; header = IHDR(inode, ext4_raw_inode(&is->iloc)); if (!IS_LAST_ENTRY(s->first)) { header->h_magic = cpu_to_le32(EXT4_XATTR_MAGIC); ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR); } else { header->h_magic = cpu_to_le32(0); ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR); } return 0; } static int ext4_xattr_ibody_set(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_info *i, struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find *is) { struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *header; struct ext4_xattr_search *s = &is->s; int error; if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize == 0) return -ENOSPC; error = ext4_xattr_set_entry(i, s, handle, inode, false /* is_block */); if (error) return error; header = IHDR(inode, ext4_raw_inode(&is->iloc)); if (!IS_LAST_ENTRY(s->first)) { header->h_magic = cpu_to_le32(EXT4_XATTR_MAGIC); ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR); } else { header->h_magic = cpu_to_le32(0); ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR); } return 0; } static int ext4_xattr_value_same(struct ext4_xattr_search *s, struct ext4_xattr_info *i) { void *value; /* When e_value_inum is set the value is stored externally. */ if (s->here->e_value_inum) return 0; if (le32_to_cpu(s->here->e_value_size) != i->value_len) return 0; value = ((void *)s->base) + le16_to_cpu(s->here->e_value_offs); return !memcmp(value, i->value, i->value_len); } static struct buffer_head *ext4_xattr_get_block(struct inode *inode) { struct buffer_head *bh; int error; if (!EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl) return NULL; bh = ext4_sb_bread(inode->i_sb, EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl, REQ_PRIO); if (IS_ERR(bh)) return bh; error = ext4_xattr_check_block(inode, bh); if (error) { brelse(bh); return ERR_PTR(error); } return bh; } /* * ext4_xattr_set_handle() * * Create, replace or remove an extended attribute for this inode. Value * is NULL to remove an existing extended attribute, and non-NULL to * either replace an existing extended attribute, or create a new extended * attribute. The flags XATTR_REPLACE and XATTR_CREATE * specify that an extended attribute must exist and must not exist * previous to the call, respectively. * * Returns 0, or a negative error number on failure. */ int ext4_xattr_set_handle(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int name_index, const char *name, const void *value, size_t value_len, int flags) { struct ext4_xattr_info i = { .name_index = name_index, .name = name, .value = value, .value_len = value_len, .in_inode = 0, }; struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find is = { .s = { .not_found = -ENODATA, }, }; struct ext4_xattr_block_find bs = { .s = { .not_found = -ENODATA, }, }; int no_expand; int error; if (!name) return -EINVAL; if (strlen(name) > 255) return -ERANGE; ext4_write_lock_xattr(inode, &no_expand); /* Check journal credits under write lock. */ if (ext4_handle_valid(handle)) { struct buffer_head *bh; int credits; bh = ext4_xattr_get_block(inode); if (IS_ERR(bh)) { error = PTR_ERR(bh); goto cleanup; } credits = __ext4_xattr_set_credits(inode->i_sb, inode, bh, value_len, flags & XATTR_CREATE); brelse(bh); if (jbd2_handle_buffer_credits(handle) < credits) { error = -ENOSPC; goto cleanup; } WARN_ON_ONCE(!(current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOFS)); } error = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, inode, &is.iloc); if (error) goto cleanup; if (ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NEW)) { struct ext4_inode *raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(&is.iloc); memset(raw_inode, 0, EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_inode_size); ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_NEW); } error = ext4_xattr_ibody_find(inode, &i, &is); if (error) goto cleanup; if (is.s.not_found) error = ext4_xattr_block_find(inode, &i, &bs); if (error) goto cleanup; if (is.s.not_found && bs.s.not_found) { error = -ENODATA; if (flags & XATTR_REPLACE) goto cleanup; error = 0; if (!value) goto cleanup; } else { error = -EEXIST; if (flags & XATTR_CREATE) goto cleanup; } if (!value) { if (!is.s.not_found) error = ext4_xattr_ibody_set(handle, inode, &i, &is); else if (!bs.s.not_found) error = ext4_xattr_block_set(handle, inode, &i, &bs); } else { error = 0; /* Xattr value did not change? Save us some work and bail out */ if (!is.s.not_found && ext4_xattr_value_same(&is.s, &i)) goto cleanup; if (!bs.s.not_found && ext4_xattr_value_same(&bs.s, &i)) goto cleanup; if (ext4_has_feature_ea_inode(inode->i_sb) && (EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(i.value_len) > EXT4_XATTR_MIN_LARGE_EA_SIZE(inode->i_sb->s_blocksize))) i.in_inode = 1; retry_inode: error = ext4_xattr_ibody_set(handle, inode, &i, &is); if (!error && !bs.s.not_found) { i.value = NULL; error = ext4_xattr_block_set(handle, inode, &i, &bs); } else if (error == -ENOSPC) { if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl && !bs.s.base) { brelse(bs.bh); bs.bh = NULL; error = ext4_xattr_block_find(inode, &i, &bs); if (error) goto cleanup; } error = ext4_xattr_block_set(handle, inode, &i, &bs); if (!error && !is.s.not_found) { i.value = NULL; error = ext4_xattr_ibody_set(handle, inode, &i, &is); } else if (error == -ENOSPC) { /* * Xattr does not fit in the block, store at * external inode if possible. */ if (ext4_has_feature_ea_inode(inode->i_sb) && i.value_len && !i.in_inode) { i.in_inode = 1; goto retry_inode; } } } } if (!error) { ext4_xattr_update_super_block(handle, inode->i_sb); inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode);</