1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SOCKET_H #define _LINUX_SOCKET_H #include <asm/socket.h> /* arch-dependent defines */ #include <linux/sockios.h> /* the SIOCxxx I/O controls */ #include <linux/uio.h> /* iovec support */ #include <linux/types.h> /* pid_t */ #include <linux/compiler.h> /* __user */ #include <uapi/linux/socket.h> struct file; struct pid; struct cred; struct socket; #define __sockaddr_check_size(size) \ BUILD_BUG_ON(((size) > sizeof(struct __kernel_sockaddr_storage))) #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct seq_file; extern void socket_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq); #endif typedef __kernel_sa_family_t sa_family_t; /* * 1003.1g requires sa_family_t and that sa_data is char. */ struct sockaddr { sa_family_t sa_family; /* address family, AF_xxx */ char sa_data[14]; /* 14 bytes of protocol address */ }; struct linger { int l_onoff; /* Linger active */ int l_linger; /* How long to linger for */ }; #define sockaddr_storage __kernel_sockaddr_storage /* * As we do 4.4BSD message passing we use a 4.4BSD message passing * system, not 4.3. Thus msg_accrights(len) are now missing. They * belong in an obscure libc emulation or the bin. */ struct msghdr { void *msg_name; /* ptr to socket address structure */ int msg_namelen; /* size of socket address structure */ struct iov_iter msg_iter; /* data */ /* * Ancillary data. msg_control_user is the user buffer used for the * recv* side when msg_control_is_user is set, msg_control is the kernel * buffer used for all other cases. */ union { void *msg_control; void __user *msg_control_user; }; bool msg_control_is_user : 1; __kernel_size_t msg_controllen; /* ancillary data buffer length */ unsigned int msg_flags; /* flags on received message */ struct kiocb *msg_iocb; /* ptr to iocb for async requests */ }; struct user_msghdr { void __user *msg_name; /* ptr to socket address structure */ int msg_namelen; /* size of socket address structure */ struct iovec __user *msg_iov; /* scatter/gather array */ __kernel_size_t msg_iovlen; /* # elements in msg_iov */ void __user *msg_control; /* ancillary data */ __kernel_size_t msg_controllen; /* ancillary data buffer length */ unsigned int msg_flags; /* flags on received message */ }; /* For recvmmsg/sendmmsg */ struct mmsghdr { struct user_msghdr msg_hdr; unsigned int msg_len; }; /* * POSIX 1003.1g - ancillary data object information * Ancillary data consits of a sequence of pairs of * (cmsghdr, cmsg_data[]) */ struct cmsghdr { __kernel_size_t cmsg_len; /* data byte count, including hdr */ int cmsg_level; /* originating protocol */ int cmsg_type; /* protocol-specific type */ }; /* * Ancillary data object information MACROS * Table 5-14 of POSIX 1003.1g */ #define __CMSG_NXTHDR(ctl, len, cmsg) __cmsg_nxthdr((ctl),(len),(cmsg)) #define CMSG_NXTHDR(mhdr, cmsg) cmsg_nxthdr((mhdr), (cmsg)) #define CMSG_ALIGN(len) ( ((len)+sizeof(long)-1) & ~(sizeof(long)-1) ) #define CMSG_DATA(cmsg) \ ((void *)(cmsg) + sizeof(struct cmsghdr)) #define CMSG_USER_DATA(cmsg) \ ((void __user *)(cmsg) + sizeof(struct cmsghdr)) #define CMSG_SPACE(len) (sizeof(struct cmsghdr) + CMSG_ALIGN(len)) #define CMSG_LEN(len) (sizeof(struct cmsghdr) + (len)) #define __CMSG_FIRSTHDR(ctl,len) ((len) >= sizeof(struct cmsghdr) ? \ (struct cmsghdr *)(ctl) : \ (struct cmsghdr *)NULL) #define CMSG_FIRSTHDR(msg) __CMSG_FIRSTHDR((msg)->msg_control, (msg)->msg_controllen) #define CMSG_OK(mhdr, cmsg) ((cmsg)->cmsg_len >= sizeof(struct cmsghdr) && \ (cmsg)->cmsg_len <= (unsigned long) \ ((mhdr)->msg_controllen - \ ((char *)(cmsg) - (char *)(mhdr)->msg_control))) #define for_each_cmsghdr(cmsg, msg) \ for (cmsg = CMSG_FIRSTHDR(msg); \ cmsg; \ cmsg = CMSG_NXTHDR(msg, cmsg)) /* * Get the next cmsg header * * PLEASE, do not touch this function. If you think, that it is * incorrect, grep kernel sources and think about consequences * before trying to improve it. * * Now it always returns valid, not truncated ancillary object * HEADER. But caller still MUST check, that cmsg->cmsg_len is * inside range, given by msg->msg_controllen before using * ancillary object DATA. --ANK (980731) */ static inline struct cmsghdr * __cmsg_nxthdr(void *__ctl, __kernel_size_t __size, struct cmsghdr *__cmsg) { struct cmsghdr * __ptr; __ptr = (struct cmsghdr*)(((unsigned char *) __cmsg) + CMSG_ALIGN(__cmsg->cmsg_len)); if ((unsigned long)((char*)(__ptr+1) - (char *) __ctl) > __size) return (struct cmsghdr *)0; return __ptr; } static inline struct cmsghdr * cmsg_nxthdr (struct msghdr *__msg, struct cmsghdr *__cmsg) { return __cmsg_nxthdr(__msg->msg_control, __msg->msg_controllen, __cmsg); } static inline size_t msg_data_left(struct msghdr *msg) { return iov_iter_count(&msg->msg_iter); } /* "Socket"-level control message types: */ #define SCM_RIGHTS 0x01 /* rw: access rights (array of int) */ #define SCM_CREDENTIALS 0x02 /* rw: struct ucred */ #define SCM_SECURITY 0x03 /* rw: security label */ struct ucred { __u32 pid; __u32 uid; __u32 gid; }; /* Supported address families. */ #define AF_UNSPEC 0 #define AF_UNIX 1 /* Unix domain sockets */ #define AF_LOCAL 1 /* POSIX name for AF_UNIX */ #define AF_INET 2 /* Internet IP Protocol */ #define AF_AX25 3 /* Amateur Radio AX.25 */ #define AF_IPX 4 /* Novell IPX */ #define AF_APPLETALK 5 /* AppleTalk DDP */ #define AF_NETROM 6 /* Amateur Radio NET/ROM */ #define AF_BRIDGE 7 /* Multiprotocol bridge */ #define AF_ATMPVC 8 /* ATM PVCs */ #define AF_X25 9 /* Reserved for X.25 project */ #define AF_INET6 10 /* IP version 6 */ #define AF_ROSE 11 /* Amateur Radio X.25 PLP */ #define AF_DECnet 12 /* Reserved for DECnet project */ #define AF_NETBEUI 13 /* Reserved for 802.2LLC project*/ #define AF_SECURITY 14 /* Security callback pseudo AF */ #define AF_KEY 15 /* PF_KEY key management API */ #define AF_NETLINK 16 #define AF_ROUTE AF_NETLINK /* Alias to emulate 4.4BSD */ #define AF_PACKET 17 /* Packet family */ #define AF_ASH 18 /* Ash */ #define AF_ECONET 19 /* Acorn Econet */ #define AF_ATMSVC 20 /* ATM SVCs */ #define AF_RDS 21 /* RDS sockets */ #define AF_SNA 22 /* Linux SNA Project (nutters!) */ #define AF_IRDA 23 /* IRDA sockets */ #define AF_PPPOX 24 /* PPPoX sockets */ #define AF_WANPIPE 25 /* Wanpipe API Sockets */ #define AF_LLC 26 /* Linux LLC */ #define AF_IB 27 /* Native InfiniBand address */ #define AF_MPLS 28 /* MPLS */ #define AF_CAN 29 /* Controller Area Network */ #define AF_TIPC 30 /* TIPC sockets */ #define AF_BLUETOOTH 31 /* Bluetooth sockets */ #define AF_IUCV 32 /* IUCV sockets */ #define AF_RXRPC 33 /* RxRPC sockets */ #define AF_ISDN 34 /* mISDN sockets */ #define AF_PHONET 35 /* Phonet sockets */ #define AF_IEEE802154 36 /* IEEE802154 sockets */ #define AF_CAIF 37 /* CAIF sockets */ #define AF_ALG 38 /* Algorithm sockets */ #define AF_NFC 39 /* NFC sockets */ #define AF_VSOCK 40 /* vSockets */ #define AF_KCM 41 /* Kernel Connection Multiplexor*/ #define AF_QIPCRTR 42 /* Qualcomm IPC Router */ #define AF_SMC 43 /* smc sockets: reserve number for * PF_SMC protocol family that * reuses AF_INET address family */ #define AF_XDP 44 /* XDP sockets */ #define AF_MAX 45 /* For now.. */ /* Protocol families, same as address families. */ #define PF_UNSPEC AF_UNSPEC #define PF_UNIX AF_UNIX #define PF_LOCAL AF_LOCAL #define PF_INET AF_INET #define PF_AX25 AF_AX25 #define PF_IPX AF_IPX #define PF_APPLETALK AF_APPLETALK #define PF_NETROM AF_NETROM #define PF_BRIDGE AF_BRIDGE #define PF_ATMPVC AF_ATMPVC #define PF_X25 AF_X25 #define PF_INET6 AF_INET6 #define PF_ROSE AF_ROSE #define PF_DECnet AF_DECnet #define PF_NETBEUI AF_NETBEUI #define PF_SECURITY AF_SECURITY #define PF_KEY AF_KEY #define PF_NETLINK AF_NETLINK #define PF_ROUTE AF_ROUTE #define PF_PACKET AF_PACKET #define PF_ASH AF_ASH #define PF_ECONET AF_ECONET #define PF_ATMSVC AF_ATMSVC #define PF_RDS AF_RDS #define PF_SNA AF_SNA #define PF_IRDA AF_IRDA #define PF_PPPOX AF_PPPOX #define PF_WANPIPE AF_WANPIPE #define PF_LLC AF_LLC #define PF_IB AF_IB #define PF_MPLS AF_MPLS #define PF_CAN AF_CAN #define PF_TIPC AF_TIPC #define PF_BLUETOOTH AF_BLUETOOTH #define PF_IUCV AF_IUCV #define PF_RXRPC AF_RXRPC #define PF_ISDN AF_ISDN #define PF_PHONET AF_PHONET #define PF_IEEE802154 AF_IEEE802154 #define PF_CAIF AF_CAIF #define PF_ALG AF_ALG #define PF_NFC AF_NFC #define PF_VSOCK AF_VSOCK #define PF_KCM AF_KCM #define PF_QIPCRTR AF_QIPCRTR #define PF_SMC AF_SMC #define PF_XDP AF_XDP #define PF_MAX AF_MAX /* Maximum queue length specifiable by listen. */ #define SOMAXCONN 4096 /* Flags we can use with send/ and recv. Added those for 1003.1g not all are supported yet */ #define MSG_OOB 1 #define MSG_PEEK 2 #define MSG_DONTROUTE 4 #define MSG_TRYHARD 4 /* Synonym for MSG_DONTROUTE for DECnet */ #define MSG_CTRUNC 8 #define MSG_PROBE 0x10 /* Do not send. Only probe path f.e. for MTU */ #define MSG_TRUNC 0x20 #define MSG_DONTWAIT 0x40 /* Nonblocking io */ #define MSG_EOR 0x80 /* End of record */ #define MSG_WAITALL 0x100 /* Wait for a full request */ #define MSG_FIN 0x200 #define MSG_SYN 0x400 #define MSG_CONFIRM 0x800 /* Confirm path validity */ #define MSG_RST 0x1000 #define MSG_ERRQUEUE 0x2000 /* Fetch message from error queue */ #define MSG_NOSIGNAL 0x4000 /* Do not generate SIGPIPE */ #define MSG_MORE 0x8000 /* Sender will send more */ #define MSG_WAITFORONE 0x10000 /* recvmmsg(): block until 1+ packets avail */ #define MSG_SENDPAGE_NOPOLICY 0x10000 /* sendpage() internal : do no apply policy */ #define MSG_SENDPAGE_NOTLAST 0x20000 /* sendpage() internal : not the last page */ #define MSG_BATCH 0x40000 /* sendmmsg(): more messages coming */ #define MSG_EOF MSG_FIN #define MSG_NO_SHARED_FRAGS 0x80000 /* sendpage() internal : page frags are not shared */ #define MSG_SENDPAGE_DECRYPTED 0x100000 /* sendpage() internal : page may carry * plain text and require encryption */ #define MSG_ZEROCOPY 0x4000000 /* Use user data in kernel path */ #define MSG_FASTOPEN 0x20000000 /* Send data in TCP SYN */ #define MSG_CMSG_CLOEXEC 0x40000000 /* Set close_on_exec for file descriptor received through SCM_RIGHTS */ #if defined(CONFIG_COMPAT) #define MSG_CMSG_COMPAT 0x80000000 /* This message needs 32 bit fixups */ #else #define MSG_CMSG_COMPAT 0 /* We never have 32 bit fixups */ #endif /* Setsockoptions(2) level. Thanks to BSD these must match IPPROTO_xxx */ #define SOL_IP 0 /* #define SOL_ICMP 1 No-no-no! Due to Linux :-) we cannot use SOL_ICMP=1 */ #define SOL_TCP 6 #define SOL_UDP 17 #define SOL_IPV6 41 #define SOL_ICMPV6 58 #define SOL_SCTP 132 #define SOL_UDPLITE 136 /* UDP-Lite (RFC 3828) */ #define SOL_RAW 255 #define SOL_IPX 256 #define SOL_AX25 257 #define SOL_ATALK 258 #define SOL_NETROM 259 #define SOL_ROSE 260 #define SOL_DECNET 261 #define SOL_X25 262 #define SOL_PACKET 263 #define SOL_ATM 264 /* ATM layer (cell level) */ #define SOL_AAL 265 /* ATM Adaption Layer (packet level) */ #define SOL_IRDA 266 #define SOL_NETBEUI 267 #define SOL_LLC 268 #define SOL_DCCP 269 #define SOL_NETLINK 270 #define SOL_TIPC 271 #define SOL_RXRPC 272 #define SOL_PPPOL2TP 273 #define SOL_BLUETOOTH 274 #define SOL_PNPIPE 275 #define SOL_RDS 276 #define SOL_IUCV 277 #define SOL_CAIF 278 #define SOL_ALG 279 #define SOL_NFC 280 #define SOL_KCM 281 #define SOL_TLS 282 #define SOL_XDP 283 /* IPX options */ #define IPX_TYPE 1 extern int move_addr_to_kernel(void __user *uaddr, int ulen, struct sockaddr_storage *kaddr); extern int put_cmsg(struct msghdr*, int level, int type, int len, void *data); struct timespec64; struct __kernel_timespec; struct old_timespec32; struct scm_timestamping_internal { struct timespec64 ts[3]; }; extern void put_cmsg_scm_timestamping64(struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_timestamping_internal *tss); extern void put_cmsg_scm_timestamping(struct msghdr *msg, struct scm_timestamping_internal *tss); /* The __sys_...msg variants allow MSG_CMSG_COMPAT iff * forbid_cmsg_compat==false */ extern long __sys_recvmsg(int fd, struct user_msghdr __user *msg, unsigned int flags, bool forbid_cmsg_compat); extern long __sys_sendmsg(int fd, struct user_msghdr __user *msg, unsigned int flags, bool forbid_cmsg_compat); extern int __sys_recvmmsg(int fd, struct mmsghdr __user *mmsg, unsigned int vlen, unsigned int flags, struct __kernel_timespec __user *timeout, struct old_timespec32 __user *timeout32); extern int __sys_sendmmsg(int fd, struct mmsghdr __user *mmsg, unsigned int vlen, unsigned int flags, bool forbid_cmsg_compat); extern long __sys_sendmsg_sock(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, unsigned int flags); extern long __sys_recvmsg_sock(struct socket *sock, struct msghdr *msg, struct user_msghdr __user *umsg, struct sockaddr __user *uaddr, unsigned int flags); extern int sendmsg_copy_msghdr(struct msghdr *msg, struct user_msghdr __user *umsg, unsigned flags, struct iovec **iov); extern int recvmsg_copy_msghdr(struct msghdr *msg, struct user_msghdr __user *umsg, unsigned flags, struct sockaddr __user **uaddr, struct iovec **iov); extern int __copy_msghdr_from_user(struct msghdr *kmsg, struct user_msghdr __user *umsg, struct sockaddr __user **save_addr, struct iovec __user **uiov, size_t *nsegs); /* helpers which do the actual work for syscalls */ extern int __sys_recvfrom(int fd, void __user *ubuf, size_t size, unsigned int flags, struct sockaddr __user *addr, int __user *addr_len); extern int __sys_sendto(int fd, void __user *buff, size_t len, unsigned int flags, struct sockaddr __user *addr, int addr_len); extern int __sys_accept4_file(struct file *file, unsigned file_flags, struct sockaddr __user *upeer_sockaddr, int __user *upeer_addrlen, int flags, unsigned long nofile); extern int __sys_accept4(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *upeer_sockaddr, int __user *upeer_addrlen, int flags); extern int __sys_socket(int family, int type, int protocol); extern int __sys_bind(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *umyaddr, int addrlen); extern int __sys_connect_file(struct file *file, struct sockaddr_storage *addr, int addrlen, int file_flags); extern int __sys_connect(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *uservaddr, int addrlen); extern int __sys_listen(int fd, int backlog); extern int __sys_getsockname(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *usockaddr, int __user *usockaddr_len); extern int __sys_getpeername(int fd, struct sockaddr __user *usockaddr, int __user *usockaddr_len); extern int __sys_socketpair(int family, int type, int protocol, int __user *usockvec); extern int __sys_shutdown(int fd, int how); #endif /* _LINUX_SOCKET_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PVCLOCK_H #define _ASM_X86_PVCLOCK_H #include <asm/clocksource.h> #include <asm/pvclock-abi.h> /* some helper functions for xen and kvm pv clock sources */ u64 pvclock_clocksource_read(struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src); u8 pvclock_read_flags(struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src); void pvclock_set_flags(u8 flags); unsigned long pvclock_tsc_khz(struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src); void pvclock_read_wallclock(struct pvclock_wall_clock *wall, struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *vcpu, struct timespec64 *ts); void pvclock_resume(void); void pvclock_touch_watchdogs(void); static __always_inline unsigned pvclock_read_begin(const struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src) { unsigned version = src->version & ~1; /* Make sure that the version is read before the data. */ virt_rmb(); return version; } static __always_inline bool pvclock_read_retry(const struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src, unsigned version) { /* Make sure that the version is re-read after the data. */ virt_rmb(); return unlikely(version != src->version); } /* * Scale a 64-bit delta by scaling and multiplying by a 32-bit fraction, * yielding a 64-bit result. */ static inline u64 pvclock_scale_delta(u64 delta, u32 mul_frac, int shift) { u64 product; #ifdef __i386__ u32 tmp1, tmp2; #else ulong tmp; #endif if (shift < 0) delta >>= -shift; else delta <<= shift; #ifdef __i386__ __asm__ ( "mul %5 ; " "mov %4,%%eax ; " "mov %%edx,%4 ; " "mul %5 ; " "xor %5,%5 ; " "add %4,%%eax ; " "adc %5,%%edx ; " : "=A" (product), "=r" (tmp1), "=r" (tmp2) : "a" ((u32)delta), "1" ((u32)(delta >> 32)), "2" (mul_frac) ); #elif defined(__x86_64__) __asm__ ( "mulq %[mul_frac] ; shrd $32, %[hi], %[lo]" : [lo]"=a"(product), [hi]"=d"(tmp) : "0"(delta), [mul_frac]"rm"((u64)mul_frac)); #else #error implement me! #endif return product; } static __always_inline u64 __pvclock_read_cycles(const struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info *src, u64 tsc) { u64 delta = tsc - src->tsc_timestamp; u64 offset = pvclock_scale_delta(delta, src->tsc_to_system_mul, src->tsc_shift); return src->system_time + offset; } struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info { struct pvclock_vcpu_time_info pvti; } __attribute__((__aligned__(SMP_CACHE_BYTES))); #define PVTI_SIZE sizeof(struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info) #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_CLOCK void pvclock_set_pvti_cpu0_va(struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info *pvti); struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info *pvclock_get_pvti_cpu0_va(void); #else static inline struct pvclock_vsyscall_time_info *pvclock_get_pvti_cpu0_va(void) { return NULL; } #endif #endif /* _ASM_X86_PVCLOCK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_USER_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_USER_H #include <linux/uidgid.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/refcount.h> #include <linux/ratelimit.h> /* * Some day this will be a full-fledged user tracking system.. */ struct user_struct { refcount_t __count; /* reference count */ atomic_t processes; /* How many processes does this user have? */ atomic_t sigpending; /* How many pending signals does this user have? */ #ifdef CONFIG_FANOTIFY atomic_t fanotify_listeners; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL atomic_long_t epoll_watches; /* The number of file descriptors currently watched */ #endif #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE /* protected by mq_lock */ unsigned long mq_bytes; /* How many bytes can be allocated to mqueue? */ #endif unsigned long locked_shm; /* How many pages of mlocked shm ? */ unsigned long unix_inflight; /* How many files in flight in unix sockets */ atomic_long_t pipe_bufs; /* how many pages are allocated in pipe buffers */ /* Hash table maintenance information */ struct hlist_node uidhash_node; kuid_t uid; #if defined(CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS) || defined(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) || \ defined(CONFIG_NET) || defined(CONFIG_IO_URING) atomic_long_t locked_vm; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_WATCH_QUEUE atomic_t nr_watches; /* The number of watches this user currently has */ #endif /* Miscellaneous per-user rate limit */ struct ratelimit_state ratelimit; }; extern int uids_sysfs_init(void); extern struct user_struct *find_user(kuid_t); extern struct user_struct root_user; #define INIT_USER (&root_user) /* per-UID process charging. */ extern struct user_struct * alloc_uid(kuid_t); static inline struct user_struct *get_uid(struct user_struct *u) { refcount_inc(&u->__count); return u; } extern void free_uid(struct user_struct *); #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_USER_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef IOCONTEXT_H #define IOCONTEXT_H #include <linux/radix-tree.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/workqueue.h> enum { ICQ_EXITED = 1 << 2, ICQ_DESTROYED = 1 << 3, }; /* * An io_cq (icq) is association between an io_context (ioc) and a * request_queue (q). This is used by elevators which need to track * information per ioc - q pair. * * Elevator can request use of icq by setting elevator_type->icq_size and * ->icq_align. Both size and align must be larger than that of struct * io_cq and elevator can use the tail area for private information. The * recommended way to do this is defining a struct which contains io_cq as * the first member followed by private members and using its size and * align. For example, * * struct snail_io_cq { * struct io_cq icq; * int poke_snail; * int feed_snail; * }; * * struct elevator_type snail_elv_type { * .ops = { ... }, * .icq_size = sizeof(struct snail_io_cq), * .icq_align = __alignof__(struct snail_io_cq), * ... * }; * * If icq_size is set, block core will manage icq's. All requests will * have its ->elv.icq field set before elevator_ops->elevator_set_req_fn() * is called and be holding a reference to the associated io_context. * * Whenever a new icq is created, elevator_ops->elevator_init_icq_fn() is * called and, on destruction, ->elevator_exit_icq_fn(). Both functions * are called with both the associated io_context and queue locks held. * * Elevator is allowed to lookup icq using ioc_lookup_icq() while holding * queue lock but the returned icq is valid only until the queue lock is * released. Elevators can not and should not try to create or destroy * icq's. * * As icq's are linked from both ioc and q, the locking rules are a bit * complex. * * - ioc lock nests inside q lock. * * - ioc->icq_list and icq->ioc_node are protected by ioc lock. * q->icq_list and icq->q_node by q lock. * * - ioc->icq_tree and ioc->icq_hint are protected by ioc lock, while icq * itself is protected by q lock. However, both the indexes and icq * itself are also RCU managed and lookup can be performed holding only * the q lock. * * - icq's are not reference counted. They are destroyed when either the * ioc or q goes away. Each request with icq set holds an extra * reference to ioc to ensure it stays until the request is completed. * * - Linking and unlinking icq's are performed while holding both ioc and q * locks. Due to the lock ordering, q exit is simple but ioc exit * requires reverse-order double lock dance. */ struct io_cq { struct request_queue *q; struct io_context *ioc; /* * q_node and ioc_node link io_cq through icq_list of q and ioc * respectively. Both fields are unused once ioc_exit_icq() is * called and shared with __rcu_icq_cache and __rcu_head which are * used for RCU free of io_cq. */ union { struct list_head q_node; struct kmem_cache *__rcu_icq_cache; }; union { struct hlist_node ioc_node; struct rcu_head __rcu_head; }; unsigned int flags; }; /* * I/O subsystem state of the associated processes. It is refcounted * and kmalloc'ed. These could be shared between processes. */ struct io_context { atomic_long_t refcount; atomic_t active_ref; atomic_t nr_tasks; /* all the fields below are protected by this lock */ spinlock_t lock; unsigned short ioprio; struct radix_tree_root icq_tree; struct io_cq __rcu *icq_hint; struct hlist_head icq_list; struct work_struct release_work; }; /** * get_io_context_active - get active reference on ioc * @ioc: ioc of interest * * Only iocs with active reference can issue new IOs. This function * acquires an active reference on @ioc. The caller must already have an * active reference on @ioc. */ static inline void get_io_context_active(struct io_context *ioc) { WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_long_read(&ioc->refcount) <= 0); WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&ioc->active_ref) <= 0); atomic_long_inc(&ioc->refcount); atomic_inc(&ioc->active_ref); } static inline void ioc_task_link(struct io_context *ioc) { get_io_context_active(ioc); WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&ioc->nr_tasks) <= 0); atomic_inc(&ioc->nr_tasks); } struct task_struct; #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK void put_io_context(struct io_context *ioc); void put_io_context_active(struct io_context *ioc); void exit_io_context(struct task_struct *task); struct io_context *get_task_io_context(struct task_struct *task, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node); #else struct io_context; static inline void put_io_context(struct io_context *ioc) { } static inline void exit_io_context(struct task_struct *task) { } #endif #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NET_FLOW_DISSECTOR_H #define _NET_FLOW_DISSECTOR_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/in6.h> #include <linux/siphash.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <uapi/linux/if_ether.h> struct bpf_prog; struct net; struct sk_buff; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_control: * @thoff: Transport header offset */ struct flow_dissector_key_control { u16 thoff; u16 addr_type; u32 flags; }; #define FLOW_DIS_IS_FRAGMENT BIT(0) #define FLOW_DIS_FIRST_FRAG BIT(1) #define FLOW_DIS_ENCAPSULATION BIT(2) enum flow_dissect_ret { FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_GOOD, FLOW_DISSECT_RET_OUT_BAD, FLOW_DISSECT_RET_PROTO_AGAIN, FLOW_DISSECT_RET_IPPROTO_AGAIN, FLOW_DISSECT_RET_CONTINUE, }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_basic: * @n_proto: Network header protocol (eg. IPv4/IPv6) * @ip_proto: Transport header protocol (eg. TCP/UDP) */ struct flow_dissector_key_basic { __be16 n_proto; u8 ip_proto; u8 padding; }; struct flow_dissector_key_tags { u32 flow_label; }; struct flow_dissector_key_vlan { union { struct { u16 vlan_id:12, vlan_dei:1, vlan_priority:3; }; __be16 vlan_tci; }; __be16 vlan_tpid; }; struct flow_dissector_mpls_lse { u32 mpls_ttl:8, mpls_bos:1, mpls_tc:3, mpls_label:20; }; #define FLOW_DIS_MPLS_MAX 7 struct flow_dissector_key_mpls { struct flow_dissector_mpls_lse ls[FLOW_DIS_MPLS_MAX]; /* Label Stack */ u8 used_lses; /* One bit set for each Label Stack Entry in use */ }; static inline void dissector_set_mpls_lse(struct flow_dissector_key_mpls *mpls, int lse_index) { mpls->used_lses |= 1 << lse_index; } #define FLOW_DIS_TUN_OPTS_MAX 255 /** * struct flow_dissector_key_enc_opts: * @data: tunnel option data * @len: length of tunnel option data * @dst_opt_type: tunnel option type */ struct flow_dissector_key_enc_opts { u8 data[FLOW_DIS_TUN_OPTS_MAX]; /* Using IP_TUNNEL_OPTS_MAX is desired * here but seems difficult to #include */ u8 len; __be16 dst_opt_type; }; struct flow_dissector_key_keyid { __be32 keyid; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_ipv4_addrs: * @src: source ip address * @dst: destination ip address */ struct flow_dissector_key_ipv4_addrs { /* (src,dst) must be grouped, in the same way than in IP header */ __be32 src; __be32 dst; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_ipv6_addrs: * @src: source ip address * @dst: destination ip address */ struct flow_dissector_key_ipv6_addrs { /* (src,dst) must be grouped, in the same way than in IP header */ struct in6_addr src; struct in6_addr dst; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_tipc: * @key: source node address combined with selector */ struct flow_dissector_key_tipc { __be32 key; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_addrs: * @v4addrs: IPv4 addresses * @v6addrs: IPv6 addresses */ struct flow_dissector_key_addrs { union { struct flow_dissector_key_ipv4_addrs v4addrs; struct flow_dissector_key_ipv6_addrs v6addrs; struct flow_dissector_key_tipc tipckey; }; }; /** * flow_dissector_key_arp: * @ports: Operation, source and target addresses for an ARP header * for Ethernet hardware addresses and IPv4 protocol addresses * sip: Sender IP address * tip: Target IP address * op: Operation * sha: Sender hardware address * tpa: Target hardware address */ struct flow_dissector_key_arp { __u32 sip; __u32 tip; __u8 op; unsigned char sha[ETH_ALEN]; unsigned char tha[ETH_ALEN]; }; /** * flow_dissector_key_tp_ports: * @ports: port numbers of Transport header * src: source port number * dst: destination port number */ struct flow_dissector_key_ports { union { __be32 ports; struct { __be16 src; __be16 dst; }; }; }; /** * flow_dissector_key_icmp: * type: ICMP type * code: ICMP code * id: session identifier */ struct flow_dissector_key_icmp { struct { u8 type; u8 code; }; u16 id; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_eth_addrs: * @src: source Ethernet address * @dst: destination Ethernet address */ struct flow_dissector_key_eth_addrs { /* (dst,src) must be grouped, in the same way than in ETH header */ unsigned char dst[ETH_ALEN]; unsigned char src[ETH_ALEN]; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_tcp: * @flags: flags */ struct flow_dissector_key_tcp { __be16 flags; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_ip: * @tos: tos * @ttl: ttl */ struct flow_dissector_key_ip { __u8 tos; __u8 ttl; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_meta: * @ingress_ifindex: ingress ifindex * @ingress_iftype: ingress interface type */ struct flow_dissector_key_meta { int ingress_ifindex; u16 ingress_iftype; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_ct: * @ct_state: conntrack state after converting with map * @ct_mark: conttrack mark * @ct_zone: conntrack zone * @ct_labels: conntrack labels */ struct flow_dissector_key_ct { u16 ct_state; u16 ct_zone; u32 ct_mark; u32 ct_labels[4]; }; /** * struct flow_dissector_key_hash: * @hash: hash value */ struct flow_dissector_key_hash { u32 hash; }; enum flow_dissector_key_id { FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CONTROL, /* struct flow_dissector_key_control */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_BASIC, /* struct flow_dissector_key_basic */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV4_ADDRS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ipv4_addrs */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IPV6_ADDRS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ipv6_addrs */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_PORTS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ports */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_PORTS_RANGE, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ports */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ICMP, /* struct flow_dissector_key_icmp */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ETH_ADDRS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_eth_addrs */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_TIPC, /* struct flow_dissector_key_tipc */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ARP, /* struct flow_dissector_key_arp */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_VLAN, /* struct flow_dissector_key_vlan */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_FLOW_LABEL, /* struct flow_dissector_key_tags */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_GRE_KEYID, /* struct flow_dissector_key_keyid */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MPLS_ENTROPY, /* struct flow_dissector_key_keyid */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_KEYID, /* struct flow_dissector_key_keyid */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IPV4_ADDRS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ipv4_addrs */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IPV6_ADDRS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ipv6_addrs */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_CONTROL, /* struct flow_dissector_key_control */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_PORTS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ports */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MPLS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_mpls */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_TCP, /* struct flow_dissector_key_tcp */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_IP, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ip */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CVLAN, /* struct flow_dissector_key_vlan */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_IP, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ip */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_ENC_OPTS, /* struct flow_dissector_key_enc_opts */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_META, /* struct flow_dissector_key_meta */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_CT, /* struct flow_dissector_key_ct */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_HASH, /* struct flow_dissector_key_hash */ FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MAX, }; #define FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_PARSE_1ST_FRAG BIT(0) #define FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_FLOW_LABEL BIT(1) #define FLOW_DISSECTOR_F_STOP_AT_ENCAP BIT(2) struct flow_dissector_key { enum flow_dissector_key_id key_id; size_t offset; /* offset of struct flow_dissector_key_* in target the struct */ }; struct flow_dissector { unsigned int used_keys; /* each bit repesents presence of one key id */ unsigned short int offset[FLOW_DISSECTOR_KEY_MAX]; }; struct flow_keys_basic { struct flow_dissector_key_control control; struct flow_dissector_key_basic basic; }; struct flow_keys { struct flow_dissector_key_control control; #define FLOW_KEYS_HASH_START_FIELD basic struct flow_dissector_key_basic basic __aligned(SIPHASH_ALIGNMENT); struct flow_dissector_key_tags tags; struct flow_dissector_key_vlan vlan; struct flow_dissector_key_vlan cvlan; struct flow_dissector_key_keyid keyid; struct flow_dissector_key_ports ports; struct flow_dissector_key_icmp icmp; /* 'addrs' must be the last member */ struct flow_dissector_key_addrs addrs; }; #define FLOW_KEYS_HASH_OFFSET \ offsetof(struct flow_keys, FLOW_KEYS_HASH_START_FIELD) __be32 flow_get_u32_src(const struct flow_keys *flow); __be32 flow_get_u32_dst(const struct flow_keys *flow); extern struct flow_dissector flow_keys_dissector; extern struct flow_dissector flow_keys_basic_dissector; /* struct flow_keys_digest: * * This structure is used to hold a digest of the full flow keys. This is a * larger "hash" of a flow to allow definitively matching specific flows where * the 32 bit skb->hash is not large enough. The size is limited to 16 bytes so * that it can be used in CB of skb (see sch_choke for an example). */ #define FLOW_KEYS_DIGEST_LEN 16 struct flow_keys_digest { u8 data[FLOW_KEYS_DIGEST_LEN]; }; void make_flow_keys_digest(struct flow_keys_digest *digest, const struct flow_keys *flow); static inline bool flow_keys_have_l4(const struct flow_keys *keys) { return (keys->ports.ports || keys->tags.flow_label); } u32 flow_hash_from_keys(struct flow_keys *keys); void skb_flow_get_icmp_tci(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct flow_dissector_key_icmp *key_icmp, void *data, int thoff, int hlen); static inline bool dissector_uses_key(const struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, enum flow_dissector_key_id key_id) { return flow_dissector->used_keys & (1 << key_id); } static inline void *skb_flow_dissector_target(struct flow_dissector *flow_dissector, enum flow_dissector_key_id key_id, void *target_container) { return ((char *)target_container) + flow_dissector->offset[key_id]; } struct bpf_flow_dissector { struct bpf_flow_keys *flow_keys; const struct sk_buff *skb; void *data; void *data_end; }; static inline void flow_dissector_init_keys(struct flow_dissector_key_control *key_control, struct flow_dissector_key_basic *key_basic) { memset(key_control, 0, sizeof(*key_control)); memset(key_basic, 0, sizeof(*key_basic)); } #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL int flow_dissector_bpf_prog_attach_check(struct net *net, struct bpf_prog *prog); #endif /* CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL */ #endif
1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_STRING_H_ #define _LINUX_STRING_H_ #include <linux/compiler.h> /* for inline */ #include <linux/types.h> /* for size_t */ #include <linux/stddef.h> /* for NULL */ #include <stdarg.h> #include <uapi/linux/string.h> extern char *strndup_user(const char __user *, long); extern void *memdup_user(const void __user *, size_t); extern void *vmemdup_user(const void __user *, size_t); extern void *memdup_user_nul(const void __user *, size_t); /* * Include machine specific inline routines */ #include <asm/string.h> #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCPY extern char * strcpy(char *,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCPY extern char * strncpy(char *,const char *, __kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRLCPY size_t strlcpy(char *, const char *, size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRSCPY ssize_t strscpy(char *, const char *, size_t); #endif /* Wraps calls to strscpy()/memset(), no arch specific code required */ ssize_t strscpy_pad(char *dest, const char *src, size_t count); #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCAT extern char * strcat(char *, const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCAT extern char * strncat(char *, const char *, __kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRLCAT extern size_t strlcat(char *, const char *, __kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCMP extern int strcmp(const char *,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCMP extern int strncmp(const char *,const char *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCASECMP extern int strcasecmp(const char *s1, const char *s2); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCASECMP extern int strncasecmp(const char *s1, const char *s2, size_t n); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCHR extern char * strchr(const char *,int); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCHRNUL extern char * strchrnul(const char *,int); #endif extern char * strnchrnul(const char *, size_t, int); #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNCHR extern char * strnchr(const char *, size_t, int); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRRCHR extern char * strrchr(const char *,int); #endif extern char * __must_check skip_spaces(const char *); extern char *strim(char *); static inline __must_check char *strstrip(char *str) { return strim(str); } #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRSTR extern char * strstr(const char *, const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNSTR extern char * strnstr(const char *, const char *, size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRLEN extern __kernel_size_t strlen(const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRNLEN extern __kernel_size_t strnlen(const char *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRPBRK extern char * strpbrk(const char *,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRSEP extern char * strsep(char **,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRSPN extern __kernel_size_t strspn(const char *,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_STRCSPN extern __kernel_size_t strcspn(const char *,const char *); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET extern void * memset(void *,int,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET16 extern void *memset16(uint16_t *, uint16_t, __kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET32 extern void *memset32(uint32_t *, uint32_t, __kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSET64 extern void *memset64(uint64_t *, uint64_t, __kernel_size_t); #endif static inline void *memset_l(unsigned long *p, unsigned long v, __kernel_size_t n) { if (BITS_PER_LONG == 32) return memset32((uint32_t *)p, v, n); else return memset64((uint64_t *)p, v, n); } static inline void *memset_p(void **p, void *v, __kernel_size_t n) { if (BITS_PER_LONG == 32) return memset32((uint32_t *)p, (uintptr_t)v, n); else return memset64((uint64_t *)p, (uintptr_t)v, n); } extern void **__memcat_p(void **a, void **b); #define memcat_p(a, b) ({ \ BUILD_BUG_ON_MSG(!__same_type(*(a), *(b)), \ "type mismatch in memcat_p()"); \ (typeof(*a) *)__memcat_p((void **)(a), (void **)(b)); \ }) #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCPY extern void * memcpy(void *,const void *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMMOVE extern void * memmove(void *,const void *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMSCAN extern void * memscan(void *,int,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCMP extern int memcmp(const void *,const void *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_BCMP extern int bcmp(const void *,const void *,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCHR extern void * memchr(const void *,int,__kernel_size_t); #endif #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_MEMCPY_FLUSHCACHE static inline void memcpy_flushcache(void *dst, const void *src, size_t cnt) { memcpy(dst, src, cnt); } #endif void *memchr_inv(const void *s, int c, size_t n); char *strreplace(char *s, char old, char new); extern void kfree_const(const void *x); extern char *kstrdup(const char *s, gfp_t gfp) __malloc; extern const char *kstrdup_const(const char *s, gfp_t gfp); extern char *kstrndup(const char *s, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); extern void *kmemdup(const void *src, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); extern char *kmemdup_nul(const char *s, size_t len, gfp_t gfp); extern char **argv_split(gfp_t gfp, const char *str, int *argcp); extern void argv_free(char **argv); extern bool sysfs_streq(const char *s1, const char *s2); extern int kstrtobool(const char *s, bool *res); static inline int strtobool(const char *s, bool *res) { return kstrtobool(s, res); } int match_string(const char * const *array, size_t n, const char *string); int __sysfs_match_string(const char * const *array, size_t n, const char *s); /** * sysfs_match_string - matches given string in an array * @_a: array of strings * @_s: string to match with * * Helper for __sysfs_match_string(). Calculates the size of @a automatically. */ #define sysfs_match_string(_a, _s) __sysfs_match_string(_a, ARRAY_SIZE(_a), _s) #ifdef CONFIG_BINARY_PRINTF int vbin_printf(u32 *bin_buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, va_list args); int bstr_printf(char *buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, const u32 *bin_buf); int bprintf(u32 *bin_buf, size_t size, const char *fmt, ...) __printf(3, 4); #endif extern ssize_t memory_read_from_buffer(void *to, size_t count, loff_t *ppos, const void *from, size_t available); int ptr_to_hashval(const void *ptr, unsigned long *hashval_out); /** * strstarts - does @str start with @prefix? * @str: string to examine * @prefix: prefix to look for. */ static inline bool strstarts(const char *str, const char *prefix) { return strncmp(str, prefix, strlen(prefix)) == 0; } size_t memweight(const void *ptr, size_t bytes); /** * memzero_explicit - Fill a region of memory (e.g. sensitive * keying data) with 0s. * @s: Pointer to the start of the area. * @count: The size of the area. * * Note: usually using memset() is just fine (!), but in cases * where clearing out _local_ data at the end of a scope is * necessary, memzero_explicit() should be used instead in * order to prevent the compiler from optimising away zeroing. * * memzero_explicit() doesn't need an arch-specific version as * it just invokes the one of memset() implicitly. */ static inline void memzero_explicit(void *s, size_t count) { memset(s, 0, count); barrier_data(s); } /** * kbasename - return the last part of a pathname. * * @path: path to extract the filename from. */ static inline const char *kbasename(const char *path) { const char *tail = strrchr(path, '/'); return tail ? tail + 1 : path; } #define __FORTIFY_INLINE extern __always_inline __attribute__((gnu_inline)) #define __RENAME(x) __asm__(#x) void fortify_panic(const char *name) __noreturn __cold; void __read_overflow(void) __compiletime_error("detected read beyond size of object passed as 1st parameter"); void __read_overflow2(void) __compiletime_error("detected read beyond size of object passed as 2nd parameter"); void __read_overflow3(void) __compiletime_error("detected read beyond size of object passed as 3rd parameter"); void __write_overflow(void) __compiletime_error("detected write beyond size of object passed as 1st parameter"); #if !defined(__NO_FORTIFY) && defined(__OPTIMIZE__) && defined(CONFIG_FORTIFY_SOURCE) #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN extern void *__underlying_memchr(const void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(memchr); extern int __underlying_memcmp(const void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(memcmp); extern void *__underlying_memcpy(void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(memcpy); extern void *__underlying_memmove(void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(memmove); extern void *__underlying_memset(void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(memset); extern char *__underlying_strcat(char *p, const char *q) __RENAME(strcat); extern char *__underlying_strcpy(char *p, const char *q) __RENAME(strcpy); extern __kernel_size_t __underlying_strlen(const char *p) __RENAME(strlen); extern char *__underlying_strncat(char *p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t count) __RENAME(strncat); extern char *__underlying_strncpy(char *p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t size) __RENAME(strncpy); #else #define __underlying_memchr __builtin_memchr #define __underlying_memcmp __builtin_memcmp #define __underlying_memcpy __builtin_memcpy #define __underlying_memmove __builtin_memmove #define __underlying_memset __builtin_memset #define __underlying_strcat __builtin_strcat #define __underlying_strcpy __builtin_strcpy #define __underlying_strlen __builtin_strlen #define __underlying_strncat __builtin_strncat #define __underlying_strncpy __builtin_strncpy #endif __FORTIFY_INLINE char *strncpy(char *p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __write_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_strncpy(p, q, size); } __FORTIFY_INLINE char *strcat(char *p, const char *q) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (p_size == (size_t)-1) return __underlying_strcat(p, q); if (strlcat(p, q, p_size) >= p_size) fortify_panic(__func__); return p; } __FORTIFY_INLINE __kernel_size_t strlen(const char *p) { __kernel_size_t ret; size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); /* Work around gcc excess stack consumption issue */ if (p_size == (size_t)-1 || (__builtin_constant_p(p[p_size - 1]) && p[p_size - 1] == '\0')) return __underlying_strlen(p); ret = strnlen(p, p_size); if (p_size <= ret) fortify_panic(__func__); return ret; } extern __kernel_size_t __real_strnlen(const char *, __kernel_size_t) __RENAME(strnlen); __FORTIFY_INLINE __kernel_size_t strnlen(const char *p, __kernel_size_t maxlen) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); __kernel_size_t ret = __real_strnlen(p, maxlen < p_size ? maxlen : p_size); if (p_size <= ret && maxlen != ret) fortify_panic(__func__); return ret; } /* defined after fortified strlen to reuse it */ extern size_t __real_strlcpy(char *, const char *, size_t) __RENAME(strlcpy); __FORTIFY_INLINE size_t strlcpy(char *p, const char *q, size_t size) { size_t ret; size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (p_size == (size_t)-1 && q_size == (size_t)-1) return __real_strlcpy(p, q, size); ret = strlen(q); if (size) { size_t len = (ret >= size) ? size - 1 : ret; if (__builtin_constant_p(len) && len >= p_size) __write_overflow(); if (len >= p_size) fortify_panic(__func__); __underlying_memcpy(p, q, len); p[len] = '\0'; } return ret; } /* defined after fortified strlen and strnlen to reuse them */ __FORTIFY_INLINE char *strncat(char *p, const char *q, __kernel_size_t count) { size_t p_len, copy_len; size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (p_size == (size_t)-1 && q_size == (size_t)-1) return __underlying_strncat(p, q, count); p_len = strlen(p); copy_len = strnlen(q, count); if (p_size < p_len + copy_len + 1) fortify_panic(__func__); __underlying_memcpy(p + p_len, q, copy_len); p[p_len + copy_len] = '\0'; return p; } __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memset(void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __write_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_memset(p, c, size); } __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memcpy(void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { if (p_size < size) __write_overflow(); if (q_size < size) __read_overflow2(); } if (p_size < size || q_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_memcpy(p, q, size); } __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memmove(void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { if (p_size < size) __write_overflow(); if (q_size < size) __read_overflow2(); } if (p_size < size || q_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_memmove(p, q, size); } extern void *__real_memscan(void *, int, __kernel_size_t) __RENAME(memscan); __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memscan(void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __read_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __real_memscan(p, c, size); } __FORTIFY_INLINE int memcmp(const void *p, const void *q, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size)) { if (p_size < size) __read_overflow(); if (q_size < size) __read_overflow2(); } if (p_size < size || q_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_memcmp(p, q, size); } __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memchr(const void *p, int c, __kernel_size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __read_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __underlying_memchr(p, c, size); } void *__real_memchr_inv(const void *s, int c, size_t n) __RENAME(memchr_inv); __FORTIFY_INLINE void *memchr_inv(const void *p, int c, size_t size) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __read_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __real_memchr_inv(p, c, size); } extern void *__real_kmemdup(const void *src, size_t len, gfp_t gfp) __RENAME(kmemdup); __FORTIFY_INLINE void *kmemdup(const void *p, size_t size, gfp_t gfp) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); if (__builtin_constant_p(size) && p_size < size) __read_overflow(); if (p_size < size) fortify_panic(__func__); return __real_kmemdup(p, size, gfp); } /* defined after fortified strlen and memcpy to reuse them */ __FORTIFY_INLINE char *strcpy(char *p, const char *q) { size_t p_size = __builtin_object_size(p, 0); size_t q_size = __builtin_object_size(q, 0); if (p_size == (size_t)-1 && q_size == (size_t)-1) return __underlying_strcpy(p, q); memcpy(p, q, strlen(q) + 1); return p; } /* Don't use these outside the FORITFY_SOURCE implementation */ #undef __underlying_memchr #undef __underlying_memcmp #undef __underlying_memcpy #undef __underlying_memmove #undef __underlying_memset #undef __underlying_strcat #undef __underlying_strcpy #undef __underlying_strlen #undef __underlying_strncat #undef __underlying_strncpy #endif /** * memcpy_and_pad - Copy one buffer to another with padding * @dest: Where to copy to * @dest_len: The destination buffer size * @src: Where to copy from * @count: The number of bytes to copy * @pad: Character to use for padding if space is left in destination. */ static inline void memcpy_and_pad(void *dest, size_t dest_len, const void *src, size_t count, int pad) { if (dest_len > count) { memcpy(dest, src, count); memset(dest + count, pad, dest_len - count); } else memcpy(dest, src, dest_len); } /** * str_has_prefix - Test if a string has a given prefix * @str: The string to test * @prefix: The string to see if @str starts with * * A common way to test a prefix of a string is to do: * strncmp(str, prefix, sizeof(prefix) - 1) * * But this can lead to bugs due to typos, or if prefix is a pointer * and not a constant. Instead use str_has_prefix(). * * Returns: * * strlen(@prefix) if @str starts with @prefix * * 0 if @str does not start with @prefix */ static __always_inline size_t str_has_prefix(const char *str, const char *prefix) { size_t len = strlen(prefix); return strncmp(str, prefix, len) == 0 ? len : 0; } #endif /* _LINUX_STRING_H_ */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_RMAP_H #define _LINUX_RMAP_H /* * Declarations for Reverse Mapping functions in mm/rmap.c */ #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/rwsem.h> #include <linux/memcontrol.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> /* * The anon_vma heads a list of private "related" vmas, to scan if * an anonymous page pointing to this anon_vma needs to be unmapped: * the vmas on the list will be related by forking, or by splitting. * * Since vmas come and go as they are split and merged (particularly * in mprotect), the mapping field of an anonymous page cannot point * directly to a vma: instead it points to an anon_vma, on whose list * the related vmas can be easily linked or unlinked. * * After unlinking the last vma on the list, we must garbage collect * the anon_vma object itself: we're guaranteed no page can be * pointing to this anon_vma once its vma list is empty. */ struct anon_vma { struct anon_vma *root; /* Root of this anon_vma tree */ struct rw_semaphore rwsem; /* W: modification, R: walking the list */ /* * The refcount is taken on an anon_vma when there is no * guarantee that the vma of page tables will exist for * the duration of the operation. A caller that takes * the reference is responsible for clearing up the * anon_vma if they are the last user on release */ atomic_t refcount; /* * Count of child anon_vmas and VMAs which points to this anon_vma. * * This counter is used for making decision about reusing anon_vma * instead of forking new one. See comments in function anon_vma_clone. */ unsigned degree; struct anon_vma *parent; /* Parent of this anon_vma */ /* * NOTE: the LSB of the rb_root.rb_node is set by * mm_take_all_locks() _after_ taking the above lock. So the * rb_root must only be read/written after taking the above lock * to be sure to see a valid next pointer. The LSB bit itself * is serialized by a system wide lock only visible to * mm_take_all_locks() (mm_all_locks_mutex). */ /* Interval tree of private "related" vmas */ struct rb_root_cached rb_root; }; /* * The copy-on-write semantics of fork mean that an anon_vma * can become associated with multiple processes. Furthermore, * each child process will have its own anon_vma, where new * pages for that process are instantiated. * * This structure allows us to find the anon_vmas associated * with a VMA, or the VMAs associated with an anon_vma. * The "same_vma" list contains the anon_vma_chains linking * all the anon_vmas associated with this VMA. * The "rb" field indexes on an interval tree the anon_vma_chains * which link all the VMAs associated with this anon_vma. */ struct anon_vma_chain { struct vm_area_struct *vma; struct anon_vma *anon_vma; struct list_head same_vma; /* locked by mmap_lock & page_table_lock */ struct rb_node rb; /* locked by anon_vma->rwsem */ unsigned long rb_subtree_last; #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB unsigned long cached_vma_start, cached_vma_last; #endif }; enum ttu_flags { TTU_MIGRATION = 0x1, /* migration mode */ TTU_MUNLOCK = 0x2, /* munlock mode */ TTU_SPLIT_HUGE_PMD = 0x4, /* split huge PMD if any */ TTU_IGNORE_MLOCK = 0x8, /* ignore mlock */ TTU_SYNC = 0x10, /* avoid racy checks with PVMW_SYNC */ TTU_IGNORE_HWPOISON = 0x20, /* corrupted page is recoverable */ TTU_BATCH_FLUSH = 0x40, /* Batch TLB flushes where possible * and caller guarantees they will * do a final flush if necessary */ TTU_RMAP_LOCKED = 0x80, /* do not grab rmap lock: * caller holds it */ TTU_SPLIT_FREEZE = 0x100, /* freeze pte under splitting thp */ }; #ifdef CONFIG_MMU static inline void get_anon_vma(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { atomic_inc(&anon_vma->refcount); } void __put_anon_vma(struct anon_vma *anon_vma); static inline void put_anon_vma(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { if (atomic_dec_and_test(&anon_vma->refcount)) __put_anon_vma(anon_vma); } static inline void anon_vma_lock_write(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { down_write(&anon_vma->root->rwsem); } static inline void anon_vma_unlock_write(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { up_write(&anon_vma->root->rwsem); } static inline void anon_vma_lock_read(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { down_read(&anon_vma->root->rwsem); } static inline void anon_vma_unlock_read(struct anon_vma *anon_vma) { up_read(&anon_vma->root->rwsem); } /* * anon_vma helper functions. */ void anon_vma_init(void); /* create anon_vma_cachep */ int __anon_vma_prepare(struct vm_area_struct *); void unlink_anon_vmas(struct vm_area_struct *); int anon_vma_clone(struct vm_area_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *); int anon_vma_fork(struct vm_area_struct *, struct vm_area_struct *); static inline int anon_vma_prepare(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (likely(vma->anon_vma)) return 0; return __anon_vma_prepare(vma); } static inline void anon_vma_merge(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *next) { VM_BUG_ON_VMA(vma->anon_vma != next->anon_vma, vma); unlink_anon_vmas(next); } struct anon_vma *page_get_anon_vma(struct page *page); /* bitflags for do_page_add_anon_rmap() */ #define RMAP_EXCLUSIVE 0x01 #define RMAP_COMPOUND 0x02 /* * rmap interfaces called when adding or removing pte of page */ void page_move_anon_rmap(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *); void page_add_anon_rmap(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long, bool); void do_page_add_anon_rmap(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long, int); void page_add_new_anon_rmap(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long, bool); void page_add_file_rmap(struct page *, bool); void page_remove_rmap(struct page *, bool); void hugepage_add_anon_rmap(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long); void hugepage_add_new_anon_rmap(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *, unsigned long); static inline void page_dup_rmap(struct page *page, bool compound) { atomic_inc(compound ? compound_mapcount_ptr(page) : &page->_mapcount); } /* * Called from mm/vmscan.c to handle paging out */ int page_referenced(struct page *, int is_locked, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long *vm_flags); bool try_to_unmap(struct page *, enum ttu_flags flags); /* Avoid racy checks */ #define PVMW_SYNC (1 << 0) /* Look for migarion entries rather than present PTEs */ #define PVMW_MIGRATION (1 << 1) struct page_vma_mapped_walk { struct page *page; struct vm_area_struct *vma; unsigned long address; pmd_t *pmd; pte_t *pte; spinlock_t *ptl; unsigned int flags; }; static inline void page_vma_mapped_walk_done(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw) { /* HugeTLB pte is set to the relevant page table entry without pte_mapped. */ if (pvmw->pte && !PageHuge(pvmw->page)) pte_unmap(pvmw->pte); if (pvmw->ptl) spin_unlock(pvmw->ptl); } bool page_vma_mapped_walk(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw); /* * Used by swapoff to help locate where page is expected in vma. */ unsigned long page_address_in_vma(struct page *, struct vm_area_struct *); /* * Cleans the PTEs of shared mappings. * (and since clean PTEs should also be readonly, write protects them too) * * returns the number of cleaned PTEs. */ int page_mkclean(struct page *); /* * called in munlock()/munmap() path to check for other vmas holding * the page mlocked. */ void try_to_munlock(struct page *); void remove_migration_ptes(struct page *old, struct page *new, bool locked); /* * Called by memory-failure.c to kill processes. */ struct anon_vma *page_lock_anon_vma_read(struct page *page); void page_unlock_anon_vma_read(struct anon_vma *anon_vma); int page_mapped_in_vma(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* * rmap_walk_control: To control rmap traversing for specific needs * * arg: passed to rmap_one() and invalid_vma() * rmap_one: executed on each vma where page is mapped * done: for checking traversing termination condition * anon_lock: for getting anon_lock by optimized way rather than default * invalid_vma: for skipping uninterested vma */ struct rmap_walk_control { void *arg; /* * Return false if page table scanning in rmap_walk should be stopped. * Otherwise, return true. */ bool (*rmap_one)(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *arg); int (*done)(struct page *page); struct anon_vma *(*anon_lock)(struct page *page); bool (*invalid_vma)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, void *arg); }; void rmap_walk(struct page *page, struct rmap_walk_control *rwc); void rmap_walk_locked(struct page *page, struct rmap_walk_control *rwc); #else /* !CONFIG_MMU */ #define anon_vma_init() do {} while (0) #define anon_vma_prepare(vma) (0) #define anon_vma_link(vma) do {} while (0) static inline int page_referenced(struct page *page, int is_locked, struct mem_cgroup *memcg, unsigned long *vm_flags) { *vm_flags = 0; return 0; } #define try_to_unmap(page, refs) false static inline int page_mkclean(struct page *page) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */ #endif /* _LINUX_RMAP_H */
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1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258 1259 1260 1261 1262 1263 1264 1265 1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288 1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300 1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 /* * Performance events x86 architecture header * * Copyright (C) 2008 Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * Copyright (C) 2009 Jaswinder Singh Rajput * Copyright (C) 2009 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., Robert Richter * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra * Copyright (C) 2009 Intel Corporation, <markus.t.metzger@intel.com> * Copyright (C) 2009 Google, Inc., Stephane Eranian * * For licencing details see kernel-base/COPYING */ #include <linux/perf_event.h> #include <asm/intel_ds.h> /* To enable MSR tracing please use the generic trace points. */ /* * | NHM/WSM | SNB | * register ------------------------------- * | HT | no HT | HT | no HT | *----------------------------------------- * offcore | core | core | cpu | core | * lbr_sel | core | core | cpu | core | * ld_lat | cpu | core | cpu | core | *----------------------------------------- * * Given that there is a small number of shared regs, * we can pre-allocate their slot in the per-cpu * per-core reg tables. */ enum extra_reg_type { EXTRA_REG_NONE = -1, /* not used */ EXTRA_REG_RSP_0 = 0, /* offcore_response_0 */ EXTRA_REG_RSP_1 = 1, /* offcore_response_1 */ EXTRA_REG_LBR = 2, /* lbr_select */ EXTRA_REG_LDLAT = 3, /* ld_lat_threshold */ EXTRA_REG_FE = 4, /* fe_* */ EXTRA_REG_MAX /* number of entries needed */ }; struct event_constraint { union { unsigned long idxmsk[BITS_TO_LONGS(X86_PMC_IDX_MAX)]; u64 idxmsk64; }; u64 code; u64 cmask; int weight; int overlap; int flags; unsigned int size; }; static inline bool constraint_match(struct event_constraint *c, u64 ecode) { return ((ecode & c->cmask) - c->code) <= (u64)c->size; } /* * struct hw_perf_event.flags flags */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LDLAT 0x0001 /* ld+ldlat data address sampling */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST 0x0002 /* st data address sampling */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST_HSW 0x0004 /* haswell style datala, store */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW 0x0008 /* haswell style datala, load */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_NA_HSW 0x0010 /* haswell style datala, unknown */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL 0x0020 /* HT exclusivity on counter */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_DYNAMIC 0x0040 /* dynamic alloc'd constraint */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_RDPMC_ALLOWED 0x0080 /* grant rdpmc permission */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL_ACCT 0x0100 /* accounted EXCL event */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_AUTO_RELOAD 0x0200 /* use PEBS auto-reload */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_LARGE_PEBS 0x0400 /* use large PEBS */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_VIA_PT 0x0800 /* use PT buffer for PEBS */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_PAIR 0x1000 /* Large Increment per Cycle */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_LBR_SELECT 0x2000 /* Save/Restore MSR_LBR_SELECT */ #define PERF_X86_EVENT_TOPDOWN 0x4000 /* Count Topdown slots/metrics events */ static inline bool is_topdown_count(struct perf_event *event) { return event->hw.flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_TOPDOWN; } static inline bool is_metric_event(struct perf_event *event) { u64 config = event->attr.config; return ((config & ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT) == 0) && ((config & INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) >= INTEL_TD_METRIC_RETIRING) && ((config & INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) <= INTEL_TD_METRIC_MAX); } static inline bool is_slots_event(struct perf_event *event) { return (event->attr.config & INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) == INTEL_TD_SLOTS; } static inline bool is_topdown_event(struct perf_event *event) { return is_metric_event(event) || is_slots_event(event); } struct amd_nb { int nb_id; /* NorthBridge id */ int refcnt; /* reference count */ struct perf_event *owners[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; struct event_constraint event_constraints[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; }; #define PEBS_COUNTER_MASK ((1ULL << MAX_PEBS_EVENTS) - 1) #define PEBS_PMI_AFTER_EACH_RECORD BIT_ULL(60) #define PEBS_OUTPUT_OFFSET 61 #define PEBS_OUTPUT_MASK (3ull << PEBS_OUTPUT_OFFSET) #define PEBS_OUTPUT_PT (1ull << PEBS_OUTPUT_OFFSET) #define PEBS_VIA_PT_MASK (PEBS_OUTPUT_PT | PEBS_PMI_AFTER_EACH_RECORD) /* * Flags PEBS can handle without an PMI. * * TID can only be handled by flushing at context switch. * REGS_USER can be handled for events limited to ring 3. * */ #define LARGE_PEBS_FLAGS \ (PERF_SAMPLE_IP | PERF_SAMPLE_TID | PERF_SAMPLE_ADDR | \ PERF_SAMPLE_ID | PERF_SAMPLE_CPU | PERF_SAMPLE_STREAM_ID | \ PERF_SAMPLE_DATA_SRC | PERF_SAMPLE_IDENTIFIER | \ PERF_SAMPLE_TRANSACTION | PERF_SAMPLE_PHYS_ADDR | \ PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_INTR | PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_USER | \ PERF_SAMPLE_PERIOD) #define PEBS_GP_REGS \ ((1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_AX) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_BX) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_CX) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_DX) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_DI) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_SI) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_SP) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_BP) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_IP) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_FLAGS) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R8) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R9) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R10) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R11) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R12) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R13) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R14) | \ (1ULL << PERF_REG_X86_R15)) /* * Per register state. */ struct er_account { raw_spinlock_t lock; /* per-core: protect structure */ u64 config; /* extra MSR config */ u64 reg; /* extra MSR number */ atomic_t ref; /* reference count */ }; /* * Per core/cpu state * * Used to coordinate shared registers between HT threads or * among events on a single PMU. */ struct intel_shared_regs { struct er_account regs[EXTRA_REG_MAX]; int refcnt; /* per-core: #HT threads */ unsigned core_id; /* per-core: core id */ }; enum intel_excl_state_type { INTEL_EXCL_UNUSED = 0, /* counter is unused */ INTEL_EXCL_SHARED = 1, /* counter can be used by both threads */ INTEL_EXCL_EXCLUSIVE = 2, /* counter can be used by one thread only */ }; struct intel_excl_states { enum intel_excl_state_type state[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; bool sched_started; /* true if scheduling has started */ }; struct intel_excl_cntrs { raw_spinlock_t lock; struct intel_excl_states states[2]; union { u16 has_exclusive[2]; u32 exclusive_present; }; int refcnt; /* per-core: #HT threads */ unsigned core_id; /* per-core: core id */ }; struct x86_perf_task_context; #define MAX_LBR_ENTRIES 32 enum { LBR_FORMAT_32 = 0x00, LBR_FORMAT_LIP = 0x01, LBR_FORMAT_EIP = 0x02, LBR_FORMAT_EIP_FLAGS = 0x03, LBR_FORMAT_EIP_FLAGS2 = 0x04, LBR_FORMAT_INFO = 0x05, LBR_FORMAT_TIME = 0x06, LBR_FORMAT_MAX_KNOWN = LBR_FORMAT_TIME, }; enum { X86_PERF_KFREE_SHARED = 0, X86_PERF_KFREE_EXCL = 1, X86_PERF_KFREE_MAX }; struct cpu_hw_events { /* * Generic x86 PMC bits */ struct perf_event *events[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; /* in counter order */ unsigned long active_mask[BITS_TO_LONGS(X86_PMC_IDX_MAX)]; unsigned long running[BITS_TO_LONGS(X86_PMC_IDX_MAX)]; int enabled; int n_events; /* the # of events in the below arrays */ int n_added; /* the # last events in the below arrays; they've never been enabled yet */ int n_txn; /* the # last events in the below arrays; added in the current transaction */ int n_txn_pair; int n_txn_metric; int assign[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; /* event to counter assignment */ u64 tags[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; struct perf_event *event_list[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; /* in enabled order */ struct event_constraint *event_constraint[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; int n_excl; /* the number of exclusive events */ unsigned int txn_flags; int is_fake; /* * Intel DebugStore bits */ struct debug_store *ds; void *ds_pebs_vaddr; void *ds_bts_vaddr; u64 pebs_enabled; int n_pebs; int n_large_pebs; int n_pebs_via_pt; int pebs_output; /* Current super set of events hardware configuration */ u64 pebs_data_cfg; u64 active_pebs_data_cfg; int pebs_record_size; /* * Intel LBR bits */ int lbr_users; int lbr_pebs_users; struct perf_branch_stack lbr_stack; struct perf_branch_entry lbr_entries[MAX_LBR_ENTRIES]; union { struct er_account *lbr_sel; struct er_account *lbr_ctl; }; u64 br_sel; void *last_task_ctx; int last_log_id; int lbr_select; void *lbr_xsave; /* * Intel host/guest exclude bits */ u64 intel_ctrl_guest_mask; u64 intel_ctrl_host_mask; struct perf_guest_switch_msr guest_switch_msrs[X86_PMC_IDX_MAX]; /* * Intel checkpoint mask */ u64 intel_cp_status; /* * manage shared (per-core, per-cpu) registers * used on Intel NHM/WSM/SNB */ struct intel_shared_regs *shared_regs; /* * manage exclusive counter access between hyperthread */ struct event_constraint *constraint_list; /* in enable order */ struct intel_excl_cntrs *excl_cntrs; int excl_thread_id; /* 0 or 1 */ /* * SKL TSX_FORCE_ABORT shadow */ u64 tfa_shadow; /* * Perf Metrics */ /* number of accepted metrics events */ int n_metric; /* * AMD specific bits */ struct amd_nb *amd_nb; /* Inverted mask of bits to clear in the perf_ctr ctrl registers */ u64 perf_ctr_virt_mask; int n_pair; /* Large increment events */ void *kfree_on_online[X86_PERF_KFREE_MAX]; struct pmu *pmu; }; #define __EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, m, w, o, f) { \ { .idxmsk64 = (n) }, \ .code = (c), \ .size = (e) - (c), \ .cmask = (m), \ .weight = (w), \ .overlap = (o), \ .flags = f, \ } #define __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, m, w, o, f) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, c, n, m, w, o, f) #define EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, m) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, m, HWEIGHT(n), 0, 0) /* * The constraint_match() function only works for 'simple' event codes * and not for extended (AMD64_EVENTSEL_EVENT) events codes. */ #define EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, m) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, m, HWEIGHT(n), 0, 0) #define INTEL_EXCLEVT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT, HWEIGHT(n),\ 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) /* * The overlap flag marks event constraints with overlapping counter * masks. This is the case if the counter mask of such an event is not * a subset of any other counter mask of a constraint with an equal or * higher weight, e.g.: * * c_overlaps = EVENT_CONSTRAINT_OVERLAP(0, 0x09, 0); * c_another1 = EVENT_CONSTRAINT(0, 0x07, 0); * c_another2 = EVENT_CONSTRAINT(0, 0x38, 0); * * The event scheduler may not select the correct counter in the first * cycle because it needs to know which subsequent events will be * scheduled. It may fail to schedule the events then. So we set the * overlap flag for such constraints to give the scheduler a hint which * events to select for counter rescheduling. * * Care must be taken as the rescheduling algorithm is O(n!) which * will increase scheduling cycles for an over-committed system * dramatically. The number of such EVENT_CONSTRAINT_OVERLAP() macros * and its counter masks must be kept at a minimum. */ #define EVENT_CONSTRAINT_OVERLAP(c, n, m) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, m, HWEIGHT(n), 1, 0) /* * Constraint on the Event code. */ #define INTEL_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT) /* * Constraint on a range of Event codes */ #define INTEL_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT) /* * Constraint on the Event code + UMask + fixed-mask * * filter mask to validate fixed counter events. * the following filters disqualify for fixed counters: * - inv * - edge * - cnt-mask * - in_tx * - in_tx_checkpointed * The other filters are supported by fixed counters. * The any-thread option is supported starting with v3. */ #define FIXED_EVENT_FLAGS (X86_RAW_EVENT_MASK|HSW_IN_TX|HSW_IN_TX_CHECKPOINTED) #define FIXED_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, (1ULL << (32+n)), FIXED_EVENT_FLAGS) /* * The special metric counters do not actually exist. They are calculated from * the combination of the FxCtr3 + MSR_PERF_METRICS. * * The special metric counters are mapped to a dummy offset for the scheduler. * The sharing between multiple users of the same metric without multiplexing * is not allowed, even though the hardware supports that in principle. */ #define METRIC_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, (1ULL << (INTEL_PMC_IDX_METRIC_BASE + n)), \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) /* * Constraint on the Event code + UMask */ #define INTEL_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK) /* Constraint on specific umask bit only + event */ #define INTEL_UBIT_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|(c)) /* Like UEVENT_CONSTRAINT, but match flags too */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS) #define INTEL_EXCLUEVT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) #define INTEL_PLD_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LDLAT) #define INTEL_PST_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST) /* Event constraint, but match on all event flags too. */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(c, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS) #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(c, e, n, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS) /* Check only flags, but allow all event/umask */ #define INTEL_ALL_EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n) \ EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS) /* Check flags and event code, and set the HSW store flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_ST(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST_HSW) /* Check flags and event code, and set the HSW load flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_LD(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW) #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_LD_RANGE(code, end, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT_RANGE(code, end, n, \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW) #define INTEL_FLAGS_EVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_XLD(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, \ PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW|PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) /* Check flags and event code/umask, and set the HSW store flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_ST(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST_HSW) #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_XST(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, \ PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_ST_HSW|PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) /* Check flags and event code/umask, and set the HSW load flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_LD(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW) #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_XLD(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, \ PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_LD_HSW|PERF_X86_EVENT_EXCL) /* Check flags and event code/umask, and set the HSW N/A flag */ #define INTEL_FLAGS_UEVENT_CONSTRAINT_DATALA_NA(code, n) \ __EVENT_CONSTRAINT(code, n, \ INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK|X86_ALL_EVENT_FLAGS, \ HWEIGHT(n), 0, PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_NA_HSW) /* * We define the end marker as having a weight of -1 * to enable blacklisting of events using a counter bitmask * of zero and thus a weight of zero. * The end marker has a weight that cannot possibly be * obtained from counting the bits in the bitmask. */ #define EVENT_CONSTRAINT_END { .weight = -1 } /* * Check for end marker with weight == -1 */ #define for_each_event_constraint(e, c) \ for ((e) = (c); (e)->weight != -1; (e)++) /* * Extra registers for specific events. * * Some events need large masks and require external MSRs. * Those extra MSRs end up being shared for all events on * a PMU and sometimes between PMU of sibling HT threads. * In either case, the kernel needs to handle conflicting * accesses to those extra, shared, regs. The data structure * to manage those registers is stored in cpu_hw_event. */ struct extra_reg { unsigned int event; unsigned int msr; u64 config_mask; u64 valid_mask; int idx; /* per_xxx->regs[] reg index */ bool extra_msr_access; }; #define EVENT_EXTRA_REG(e, ms, m, vm, i) { \ .event = (e), \ .msr = (ms), \ .config_mask = (m), \ .valid_mask = (vm), \ .idx = EXTRA_REG_##i, \ .extra_msr_access = true, \ } #define INTEL_EVENT_EXTRA_REG(event, msr, vm, idx) \ EVENT_EXTRA_REG(event, msr, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT, vm, idx) #define INTEL_UEVENT_EXTRA_REG(event, msr, vm, idx) \ EVENT_EXTRA_REG(event, msr, ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_EVENT | \ ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTSEL_UMASK, vm, idx) #define INTEL_UEVENT_PEBS_LDLAT_EXTRA_REG(c) \ INTEL_UEVENT_EXTRA_REG(c, \ MSR_PEBS_LD_LAT_THRESHOLD, \ 0xffff, \ LDLAT) #define EVENT_EXTRA_END EVENT_EXTRA_REG(0, 0, 0, 0, RSP_0) union perf_capabilities { struct { u64 lbr_format:6; u64 pebs_trap:1; u64 pebs_arch_reg:1; u64 pebs_format:4; u64 smm_freeze:1; /* * PMU supports separate counter range for writing * values > 32bit. */ u64 full_width_write:1; u64 pebs_baseline:1; u64 perf_metrics:1; u64 pebs_output_pt_available:1; u64 anythread_deprecated:1; }; u64 capabilities; }; struct x86_pmu_quirk { struct x86_pmu_quirk *next; void (*func)(void); }; union x86_pmu_config { struct { u64 event:8, umask:8, usr:1, os:1, edge:1, pc:1, interrupt:1, __reserved1:1, en:1, inv:1, cmask:8, event2:4, __reserved2:4, go:1, ho:1; } bits; u64 value; }; #define X86_CONFIG(args...) ((union x86_pmu_config){.bits = {args}}).value enum { x86_lbr_exclusive_lbr, x86_lbr_exclusive_bts, x86_lbr_exclusive_pt, x86_lbr_exclusive_max, }; /* * struct x86_pmu - generic x86 pmu */ struct x86_pmu { /* * Generic x86 PMC bits */ const char *name; int version; int (*handle_irq)(struct pt_regs *); void (*disable_all)(void); void (*enable_all)(int added); void (*enable)(struct perf_event *); void (*disable)(struct perf_event *); void (*add)(struct perf_event *); void (*del)(struct perf_event *); void (*read)(struct perf_event *event); int (*hw_config)(struct perf_event *event); int (*schedule_events)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int n, int *assign); unsigned eventsel; unsigned perfctr; int (*addr_offset)(int index, bool eventsel); int (*rdpmc_index)(int index); u64 (*event_map)(int); int max_events; int num_counters; int num_counters_fixed; int cntval_bits; u64 cntval_mask; union { unsigned long events_maskl; unsigned long events_mask[BITS_TO_LONGS(ARCH_PERFMON_EVENTS_COUNT)]; }; int events_mask_len; int apic; u64 max_period; struct event_constraint * (*get_event_constraints)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int idx, struct perf_event *event); void (*put_event_constraints)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, struct perf_event *event); void (*start_scheduling)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); void (*commit_scheduling)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int idx, int cntr); void (*stop_scheduling)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); struct event_constraint *event_constraints; struct x86_pmu_quirk *quirks; int perfctr_second_write; u64 (*limit_period)(struct perf_event *event, u64 l); /* PMI handler bits */ unsigned int late_ack :1, enabled_ack :1, counter_freezing :1; /* * sysfs attrs */ int attr_rdpmc_broken; int attr_rdpmc; struct attribute **format_attrs; ssize_t (*events_sysfs_show)(char *page, u64 config); const struct attribute_group **attr_update; unsigned long attr_freeze_on_smi; /* * CPU Hotplug hooks */ int (*cpu_prepare)(int cpu); void (*cpu_starting)(int cpu); void (*cpu_dying)(int cpu); void (*cpu_dead)(int cpu); void (*check_microcode)(void); void (*sched_task)(struct perf_event_context *ctx, bool sched_in); /* * Intel Arch Perfmon v2+ */ u64 intel_ctrl; union perf_capabilities intel_cap; /* * Intel DebugStore bits */ unsigned int bts :1, bts_active :1, pebs :1, pebs_active :1, pebs_broken :1, pebs_prec_dist :1, pebs_no_tlb :1, pebs_no_isolation :1; int pebs_record_size; int pebs_buffer_size; int max_pebs_events; void (*drain_pebs)(struct pt_regs *regs, struct perf_sample_data *data); struct event_constraint *pebs_constraints; void (*pebs_aliases)(struct perf_event *event); unsigned long large_pebs_flags; u64 rtm_abort_event; /* * Intel LBR */ unsigned int lbr_tos, lbr_from, lbr_to, lbr_info, lbr_nr; /* LBR base regs and size */ union { u64 lbr_sel_mask; /* LBR_SELECT valid bits */ u64 lbr_ctl_mask; /* LBR_CTL valid bits */ }; union { const int *lbr_sel_map; /* lbr_select mappings */ int *lbr_ctl_map; /* LBR_CTL mappings */ }; bool lbr_double_abort; /* duplicated lbr aborts */ bool lbr_pt_coexist; /* (LBR|BTS) may coexist with PT */ /* * Intel Architectural LBR CPUID Enumeration */ unsigned int lbr_depth_mask:8; unsigned int lbr_deep_c_reset:1; unsigned int lbr_lip:1; unsigned int lbr_cpl:1; unsigned int lbr_filter:1; unsigned int lbr_call_stack:1; unsigned int lbr_mispred:1; unsigned int lbr_timed_lbr:1; unsigned int lbr_br_type:1; void (*lbr_reset)(void); void (*lbr_read)(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); void (*lbr_save)(void *ctx); void (*lbr_restore)(void *ctx); /* * Intel PT/LBR/BTS are exclusive */ atomic_t lbr_exclusive[x86_lbr_exclusive_max]; /* * Intel perf metrics */ u64 (*update_topdown_event)(struct perf_event *event); int (*set_topdown_event_period)(struct perf_event *event); /* * perf task context (i.e. struct perf_event_context::task_ctx_data) * switch helper to bridge calls from perf/core to perf/x86. * See struct pmu::swap_task_ctx() usage for examples; */ void (*swap_task_ctx)(struct perf_event_context *prev, struct perf_event_context *next); /* * AMD bits */ unsigned int amd_nb_constraints : 1; u64 perf_ctr_pair_en; /* * Extra registers for events */ struct extra_reg *extra_regs; unsigned int flags; /* * Intel host/guest support (KVM) */ struct perf_guest_switch_msr *(*guest_get_msrs)(int *nr); /* * Check period value for PERF_EVENT_IOC_PERIOD ioctl. */ int (*check_period) (struct perf_event *event, u64 period); int (*aux_output_match) (struct perf_event *event); }; struct x86_perf_task_context_opt { int lbr_callstack_users; int lbr_stack_state; int log_id; }; struct x86_perf_task_context { u64 lbr_sel; int tos; int valid_lbrs; struct x86_perf_task_context_opt opt; struct lbr_entry lbr[MAX_LBR_ENTRIES]; }; struct x86_perf_task_context_arch_lbr { struct x86_perf_task_context_opt opt; struct lbr_entry entries[]; }; /* * Add padding to guarantee the 64-byte alignment of the state buffer. * * The structure is dynamically allocated. The size of the LBR state may vary * based on the number of LBR registers. * * Do not put anything after the LBR state. */ struct x86_perf_task_context_arch_lbr_xsave { struct x86_perf_task_context_opt opt; union { struct xregs_state xsave; struct { struct fxregs_state i387; struct xstate_header header; struct arch_lbr_state lbr; } __attribute__ ((packed, aligned (XSAVE_ALIGNMENT))); }; }; #define x86_add_quirk(func_) \ do { \ static struct x86_pmu_quirk __quirk __initdata = { \ .func = func_, \ }; \ __quirk.next = x86_pmu.quirks; \ x86_pmu.quirks = &__quirk; \ } while (0) /* * x86_pmu flags */ #define PMU_FL_NO_HT_SHARING 0x1 /* no hyper-threading resource sharing */ #define PMU_FL_HAS_RSP_1 0x2 /* has 2 equivalent offcore_rsp regs */ #define PMU_FL_EXCL_CNTRS 0x4 /* has exclusive counter requirements */ #define PMU_FL_EXCL_ENABLED 0x8 /* exclusive counter active */ #define PMU_FL_PEBS_ALL 0x10 /* all events are valid PEBS events */ #define PMU_FL_TFA 0x20 /* deal with TSX force abort */ #define PMU_FL_PAIR 0x40 /* merge counters for large incr. events */ #define EVENT_VAR(_id) event_attr_##_id #define EVENT_PTR(_id) &event_attr_##_id.attr.attr #define EVENT_ATTR(_name, _id) \ static struct perf_pmu_events_attr EVENT_VAR(_id) = { \ .attr = __ATTR(_name, 0444, events_sysfs_show, NULL), \ .id = PERF_COUNT_HW_##_id, \ .event_str = NULL, \ }; #define EVENT_ATTR_STR(_name, v, str) \ static struct perf_pmu_events_attr event_attr_##v = { \ .attr = __ATTR(_name, 0444, events_sysfs_show, NULL), \ .id = 0, \ .event_str = str, \ }; #define EVENT_ATTR_STR_HT(_name, v, noht, ht) \ static struct perf_pmu_events_ht_attr event_attr_##v = { \ .attr = __ATTR(_name, 0444, events_ht_sysfs_show, NULL),\ .id = 0, \ .event_str_noht = noht, \ .event_str_ht = ht, \ } struct pmu *x86_get_pmu(unsigned int cpu); extern struct x86_pmu x86_pmu __read_mostly; static __always_inline struct x86_perf_task_context_opt *task_context_opt(void *ctx) { if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_ARCH_LBR)) return &((struct x86_perf_task_context_arch_lbr *)ctx)->opt; return &((struct x86_perf_task_context *)ctx)->opt; } static inline bool x86_pmu_has_lbr_callstack(void) { return x86_pmu.lbr_sel_map && x86_pmu.lbr_sel_map[PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_CALL_STACK_SHIFT] > 0; } DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct cpu_hw_events, cpu_hw_events); int x86_perf_event_set_period(struct perf_event *event); /* * Generalized hw caching related hw_event table, filled * in on a per model basis. A value of 0 means * 'not supported', -1 means 'hw_event makes no sense on * this CPU', any other value means the raw hw_event * ID. */ #define C(x) PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_##x extern u64 __read_mostly hw_cache_event_ids [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX] [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX] [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX]; extern u64 __read_mostly hw_cache_extra_regs [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX] [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX] [PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX]; u64 x86_perf_event_update(struct perf_event *event); static inline unsigned int x86_pmu_config_addr(int index) { return x86_pmu.eventsel + (x86_pmu.addr_offset ? x86_pmu.addr_offset(index, true) : index); } static inline unsigned int x86_pmu_event_addr(int index) { return x86_pmu.perfctr + (x86_pmu.addr_offset ? x86_pmu.addr_offset(index, false) : index); } static inline int x86_pmu_rdpmc_index(int index) { return x86_pmu.rdpmc_index ? x86_pmu.rdpmc_index(index) : index; } int x86_add_exclusive(unsigned int what); void x86_del_exclusive(unsigned int what); int x86_reserve_hardware(void); void x86_release_hardware(void); int x86_pmu_max_precise(void); void hw_perf_lbr_event_destroy(struct perf_event *event); int x86_setup_perfctr(struct perf_event *event); int x86_pmu_hw_config(struct perf_event *event); void x86_pmu_disable_all(void); static inline bool is_counter_pair(struct hw_perf_event *hwc) { return hwc->flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_PAIR; } static inline void __x86_pmu_enable_event(struct hw_perf_event *hwc, u64 enable_mask) { u64 disable_mask = __this_cpu_read(cpu_hw_events.perf_ctr_virt_mask); if (hwc->extra_reg.reg) wrmsrl(hwc->extra_reg.reg, hwc->extra_reg.config); /* * Add enabled Merge event on next counter * if large increment event being enabled on this counter */ if (is_counter_pair(hwc)) wrmsrl(x86_pmu_config_addr(hwc->idx + 1), x86_pmu.perf_ctr_pair_en); wrmsrl(hwc->config_base, (hwc->config | enable_mask) & ~disable_mask); } void x86_pmu_enable_all(int added); int perf_assign_events(struct event_constraint **constraints, int n, int wmin, int wmax, int gpmax, int *assign); int x86_schedule_events(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int n, int *assign); void x86_pmu_stop(struct perf_event *event, int flags); static inline void x86_pmu_disable_event(struct perf_event *event) { u64 disable_mask = __this_cpu_read(cpu_hw_events.perf_ctr_virt_mask); struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw; wrmsrl(hwc->config_base, hwc->config & ~disable_mask); if (is_counter_pair(hwc)) wrmsrl(x86_pmu_config_addr(hwc->idx + 1), 0); } void x86_pmu_enable_event(struct perf_event *event); int x86_pmu_handle_irq(struct pt_regs *regs); extern struct event_constraint emptyconstraint; extern struct event_constraint unconstrained; static inline bool kernel_ip(unsigned long ip) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 return ip > PAGE_OFFSET; #else return (long)ip < 0; #endif } /* * Not all PMUs provide the right context information to place the reported IP * into full context. Specifically segment registers are typically not * supplied. * * Assuming the address is a linear address (it is for IBS), we fake the CS and * vm86 mode using the known zero-based code segment and 'fix up' the registers * to reflect this. * * Intel PEBS/LBR appear to typically provide the effective address, nothing * much we can do about that but pray and treat it like a linear address. */ static inline void set_linear_ip(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long ip) { regs->cs = kernel_ip(ip) ? __KERNEL_CS : __USER_CS; if (regs->flags & X86_VM_MASK) regs->flags ^= (PERF_EFLAGS_VM | X86_VM_MASK); regs->ip = ip; } ssize_t x86_event_sysfs_show(char *page, u64 config, u64 event); ssize_t intel_event_sysfs_show(char *page, u64 config); ssize_t events_sysfs_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *page); ssize_t events_ht_sysfs_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *page); #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD int amd_pmu_init(void); #else /* CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD */ static inline int amd_pmu_init(void) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD */ static inline int is_pebs_pt(struct perf_event *event) { return !!(event->hw.flags & PERF_X86_EVENT_PEBS_VIA_PT); } #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL static inline bool intel_pmu_has_bts_period(struct perf_event *event, u64 period) { struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw; unsigned int hw_event, bts_event; if (event->attr.freq) return false; hw_event = hwc->config & INTEL_ARCH_EVENT_MASK; bts_event = x86_pmu.event_map(PERF_COUNT_HW_BRANCH_INSTRUCTIONS); return hw_event == bts_event && period == 1; } static inline bool intel_pmu_has_bts(struct perf_event *event) { struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw; return intel_pmu_has_bts_period(event, hwc->sample_period); } int intel_pmu_save_and_restart(struct perf_event *event); struct event_constraint * x86_get_event_constraints(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int idx, struct perf_event *event); extern int intel_cpuc_prepare(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int cpu); extern void intel_cpuc_finish(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); int intel_pmu_init(void); void init_debug_store_on_cpu(int cpu); void fini_debug_store_on_cpu(int cpu); void release_ds_buffers(void); void reserve_ds_buffers(void); void release_lbr_buffers(void); void reserve_lbr_buffers(void); extern struct event_constraint bts_constraint; extern struct event_constraint vlbr_constraint; void intel_pmu_enable_bts(u64 config); void intel_pmu_disable_bts(void); int intel_pmu_drain_bts_buffer(void); extern struct event_constraint intel_core2_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_atom_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_slm_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_glm_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_glp_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_nehalem_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_westmere_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_snb_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_ivb_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_hsw_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_bdw_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_skl_pebs_event_constraints[]; extern struct event_constraint intel_icl_pebs_event_constraints[]; struct event_constraint *intel_pebs_constraints(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_pebs_add(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_pebs_del(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_pebs_enable(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_pebs_disable(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_pebs_enable_all(void); void intel_pmu_pebs_disable_all(void); void intel_pmu_pebs_sched_task(struct perf_event_context *ctx, bool sched_in); void intel_pmu_auto_reload_read(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_store_pebs_lbrs(struct lbr_entry *lbr); void intel_ds_init(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_swap_task_ctx(struct perf_event_context *prev, struct perf_event_context *next); void intel_pmu_lbr_sched_task(struct perf_event_context *ctx, bool sched_in); u64 lbr_from_signext_quirk_wr(u64 val); void intel_pmu_lbr_reset(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_reset_32(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_reset_64(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_add(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_lbr_del(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pmu_lbr_enable_all(bool pmi); void intel_pmu_lbr_disable_all(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_read(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_read_32(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); void intel_pmu_lbr_read_64(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc); void intel_pmu_lbr_save(void *ctx); void intel_pmu_lbr_restore(void *ctx); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_core(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_nhm(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_atom(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_slm(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_snb(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_hsw(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_skl(void); void intel_pmu_lbr_init_knl(void); void intel_pmu_arch_lbr_init(void); void intel_pmu_pebs_data_source_nhm(void); void intel_pmu_pebs_data_source_skl(bool pmem); int intel_pmu_setup_lbr_filter(struct perf_event *event); void intel_pt_interrupt(void); int intel_bts_interrupt(void); void intel_bts_enable_local(void); void intel_bts_disable_local(void); int p4_pmu_init(void); int p6_pmu_init(void); int knc_pmu_init(void); static inline int is_ht_workaround_enabled(void) { return !!(x86_pmu.flags & PMU_FL_EXCL_ENABLED); } #else /* CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL */ static inline void reserve_ds_buffers(void) { } static inline void release_ds_buffers(void) { } static inline void release_lbr_buffers(void) { } static inline void reserve_lbr_buffers(void) { } static inline int intel_pmu_init(void) { return 0; } static inline int intel_cpuc_prepare(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc, int cpu) { return 0; } static inline void intel_cpuc_finish(struct cpu_hw_events *cpuc) { } static inline int is_ht_workaround_enabled(void) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_CPU_SUP_INTEL */ #if ((defined CONFIG_CPU_SUP_CENTAUR) || (defined CONFIG_CPU_SUP_ZHAOXIN)) int zhaoxin_pmu_init(void); #else static inline int zhaoxin_pmu_init(void) { return 0; } #endif /*CONFIG_CPU_SUP_CENTAUR or CONFIG_CPU_SUP_ZHAOXIN*/
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* delayacct.h - per-task delay accounting * * Copyright (C) Shailabh Nagar, IBM Corp. 2006 */ #ifndef _LINUX_DELAYACCT_H #define _LINUX_DELAYACCT_H #include <uapi/linux/taskstats.h> /* * Per-task flags relevant to delay accounting * maintained privately to avoid exhausting similar flags in sched.h:PF_* * Used to set current->delays->flags */ #define DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN 0x00000001 /* I am doing a swapin */ #define DELAYACCT_PF_BLKIO 0x00000002 /* I am waiting on IO */ #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT struct task_delay_info { raw_spinlock_t lock; unsigned int flags; /* Private per-task flags */ /* For each stat XXX, add following, aligned appropriately * * struct timespec XXX_start, XXX_end; * u64 XXX_delay; * u32 XXX_count; * * Atomicity of updates to XXX_delay, XXX_count protected by * single lock above (split into XXX_lock if contention is an issue). */ /* * XXX_count is incremented on every XXX operation, the delay * associated with the operation is added to XXX_delay. * XXX_delay contains the accumulated delay time in nanoseconds. */ u64 blkio_start; /* Shared by blkio, swapin */ u64 blkio_delay; /* wait for sync block io completion */ u64 swapin_delay; /* wait for swapin block io completion */ u32 blkio_count; /* total count of the number of sync block */ /* io operations performed */ u32 swapin_count; /* total count of the number of swapin block */ /* io operations performed */ u64 freepages_start; u64 freepages_delay; /* wait for memory reclaim */ u64 thrashing_start; u64 thrashing_delay; /* wait for thrashing page */ u32 freepages_count; /* total count of memory reclaim */ u32 thrashing_count; /* total count of thrash waits */ }; #endif #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT extern int delayacct_on; /* Delay accounting turned on/off */ extern struct kmem_cache *delayacct_cache; extern void delayacct_init(void); extern void __delayacct_tsk_init(struct task_struct *); extern void __delayacct_tsk_exit(struct task_struct *); extern void __delayacct_blkio_start(void); extern void __delayacct_blkio_end(struct task_struct *); extern int __delayacct_add_tsk(struct taskstats *, struct task_struct *); extern __u64 __delayacct_blkio_ticks(struct task_struct *); extern void __delayacct_freepages_start(void); extern void __delayacct_freepages_end(void); extern void __delayacct_thrashing_start(void); extern void __delayacct_thrashing_end(void); static inline int delayacct_is_task_waiting_on_io(struct task_struct *p) { if (p->delays) return (p->delays->flags & DELAYACCT_PF_BLKIO); else return 0; } static inline void delayacct_set_flag(int flag) { if (current->delays) current->delays->flags |= flag; } static inline void delayacct_clear_flag(int flag) { if (current->delays) current->delays->flags &= ~flag; } static inline void delayacct_tsk_init(struct task_struct *tsk) { /* reinitialize in case parent's non-null pointer was dup'ed*/ tsk->delays = NULL; if (delayacct_on) __delayacct_tsk_init(tsk); } /* Free tsk->delays. Called from bad fork and __put_task_struct * where there's no risk of tsk->delays being accessed elsewhere */ static inline void delayacct_tsk_free(struct task_struct *tsk) { if (tsk->delays) kmem_cache_free(delayacct_cache, tsk->delays); tsk->delays = NULL; } static inline void delayacct_blkio_start(void) { delayacct_set_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_BLKIO); if (current->delays) __delayacct_blkio_start(); } static inline void delayacct_blkio_end(struct task_struct *p) { if (p->delays) __delayacct_blkio_end(p); delayacct_clear_flag(DELAYACCT_PF_BLKIO); } static inline int delayacct_add_tsk(struct taskstats *d, struct task_struct *tsk) { if (!delayacct_on || !tsk->delays) return 0; return __delayacct_add_tsk(d, tsk); } static inline __u64 delayacct_blkio_ticks(struct task_struct *tsk) { if (tsk->delays) return __delayacct_blkio_ticks(tsk); return 0; } static inline void delayacct_freepages_start(void) { if (current->delays) __delayacct_freepages_start(); } static inline void delayacct_freepages_end(void) { if (current->delays) __delayacct_freepages_end(); } static inline void delayacct_thrashing_start(void) { if (current->delays) __delayacct_thrashing_start(); } static inline void delayacct_thrashing_end(void) { if (current->delays) __delayacct_thrashing_end(); } #else static inline void delayacct_set_flag(int flag) {} static inline void delayacct_clear_flag(int flag) {} static inline void delayacct_init(void) {} static inline void delayacct_tsk_init(struct task_struct *tsk) {} static inline void delayacct_tsk_free(struct task_struct *tsk) {} static inline void delayacct_blkio_start(void) {} static inline void delayacct_blkio_end(struct task_struct *p) {} static inline int delayacct_add_tsk(struct taskstats *d, struct task_struct *tsk) { return 0; } static inline __u64 delayacct_blkio_ticks(struct task_struct *tsk) { return 0; } static inline int delayacct_is_task_waiting_on_io(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; } static inline void delayacct_freepages_start(void) {} static inline void delayacct_freepages_end(void) {} static inline void delayacct_thrashing_start(void) {} static inline void delayacct_thrashing_end(void) {} #endif /* CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT */ #endif
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1612 1613 1614 1615 1616 1617 1618 1619 1620 1621 1622 1623 1624 1625 1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 1653 1654 1655 1656 1657 1658 1659 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 1674 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711 1712 1713 1714 1715 1716 1717 1718 1719 1720 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* Generic associative array implementation. * * See Documentation/core-api/assoc_array.rst for information. * * Copyright (C) 2013 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) */ //#define DEBUG #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/assoc_array_priv.h> /* * Iterate over an associative array. The caller must hold the RCU read lock * or better. */ static int assoc_array_subtree_iterate(const struct assoc_array_ptr *root, const struct assoc_array_ptr *stop, int (*iterator)(const void *leaf, void *iterator_data), void *iterator_data) { const struct assoc_array_shortcut *shortcut; const struct assoc_array_node *node; const struct assoc_array_ptr *cursor, *ptr, *parent; unsigned long has_meta; int slot, ret; cursor = root; begin_node: if (assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(cursor)) { /* Descend through a shortcut */ shortcut = assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(cursor); cursor = READ_ONCE(shortcut->next_node); /* Address dependency. */ } node = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(cursor); slot = 0; /* We perform two passes of each node. * * The first pass does all the leaves in this node. This means we * don't miss any leaves if the node is split up by insertion whilst * we're iterating over the branches rooted here (we may, however, see * some leaves twice). */ has_meta = 0; for (; slot < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; slot++) { ptr = READ_ONCE(node->slots[slot]); /* Address dependency. */ has_meta |= (unsigned long)ptr; if (ptr && assoc_array_ptr_is_leaf(ptr)) { /* We need a barrier between the read of the pointer, * which is supplied by the above READ_ONCE(). */ /* Invoke the callback */ ret = iterator(assoc_array_ptr_to_leaf(ptr), iterator_data); if (ret) return ret; } } /* The second pass attends to all the metadata pointers. If we follow * one of these we may find that we don't come back here, but rather go * back to a replacement node with the leaves in a different layout. * * We are guaranteed to make progress, however, as the slot number for * a particular portion of the key space cannot change - and we * continue at the back pointer + 1. */ if (!(has_meta & ASSOC_ARRAY_PTR_META_TYPE)) goto finished_node; slot = 0; continue_node: node = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(cursor); for (; slot < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; slot++) { ptr = READ_ONCE(node->slots[slot]); /* Address dependency. */ if (assoc_array_ptr_is_meta(ptr)) { cursor = ptr; goto begin_node; } } finished_node: /* Move up to the parent (may need to skip back over a shortcut) */ parent = READ_ONCE(node->back_pointer); /* Address dependency. */ slot = node->parent_slot; if (parent == stop) return 0; if (assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(parent)) { shortcut = assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(parent); cursor = parent; parent = READ_ONCE(shortcut->back_pointer); /* Address dependency. */ slot = shortcut->parent_slot; if (parent == stop) return 0; } /* Ascend to next slot in parent node */ cursor = parent; slot++; goto continue_node; } /** * assoc_array_iterate - Pass all objects in the array to a callback * @array: The array to iterate over. * @iterator: The callback function. * @iterator_data: Private data for the callback function. * * Iterate over all the objects in an associative array. Each one will be * presented to the iterator function. * * If the array is being modified concurrently with the iteration then it is * possible that some objects in the array will be passed to the iterator * callback more than once - though every object should be passed at least * once. If this is undesirable then the caller must lock against modification * for the duration of this function. * * The function will return 0 if no objects were in the array or else it will * return the result of the last iterator function called. Iteration stops * immediately if any call to the iteration function results in a non-zero * return. * * The caller should hold the RCU read lock or better if concurrent * modification is possible. */ int assoc_array_iterate(const struct assoc_array *array, int (*iterator)(const void *object, void *iterator_data), void *iterator_data) { struct assoc_array_ptr *root = READ_ONCE(array->root); /* Address dependency. */ if (!root) return 0; return assoc_array_subtree_iterate(root, NULL, iterator, iterator_data); } enum assoc_array_walk_status { assoc_array_walk_tree_empty, assoc_array_walk_found_terminal_node, assoc_array_walk_found_wrong_shortcut, }; struct assoc_array_walk_result { struct { struct assoc_array_node *node; /* Node in which leaf might be found */ int level; int slot; } terminal_node; struct { struct assoc_array_shortcut *shortcut; int level; int sc_level; unsigned long sc_segments; unsigned long dissimilarity; } wrong_shortcut; }; /* * Navigate through the internal tree looking for the closest node to the key. */ static enum assoc_array_walk_status assoc_array_walk(const struct assoc_array *array, const struct assoc_array_ops *ops, const void *index_key, struct assoc_array_walk_result *result) { struct assoc_array_shortcut *shortcut; struct assoc_array_node *node; struct assoc_array_ptr *cursor, *ptr; unsigned long sc_segments, dissimilarity; unsigned long segments; int level, sc_level, next_sc_level; int slot; pr_devel("-->%s()\n", __func__); cursor = READ_ONCE(array->root); /* Address dependency. */ if (!cursor) return assoc_array_walk_tree_empty; level = 0; /* Use segments from the key for the new leaf to navigate through the * internal tree, skipping through nodes and shortcuts that are on * route to the destination. Eventually we'll come to a slot that is * either empty or contains a leaf at which point we've found a node in * which the leaf we're looking for might be found or into which it * should be inserted. */ jumped: segments = ops->get_key_chunk(index_key, level); pr_devel("segments[%d]: %lx\n", level, segments); if (assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(cursor)) goto follow_shortcut; consider_node: node = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(cursor); slot = segments >> (level & ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_MASK); slot &= ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_MASK; ptr = READ_ONCE(node->slots[slot]); /* Address dependency. */ pr_devel("consider slot %x [ix=%d type=%lu]\n", slot, level, (unsigned long)ptr & 3); if (!assoc_array_ptr_is_meta(ptr)) { /* The node doesn't have a node/shortcut pointer in the slot * corresponding to the index key that we have to follow. */ result->terminal_node.node = node; result->terminal_node.level = level; result->terminal_node.slot = slot; pr_devel("<--%s() = terminal_node\n", __func__); return assoc_array_walk_found_terminal_node; } if (assoc_array_ptr_is_node(ptr)) { /* There is a pointer to a node in the slot corresponding to * this index key segment, so we need to follow it. */ cursor = ptr; level += ASSOC_ARRAY_LEVEL_STEP; if ((level & ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_MASK) != 0) goto consider_node; goto jumped; } /* There is a shortcut in the slot corresponding to the index key * segment. We follow the shortcut if its partial index key matches * this leaf's. Otherwise we need to split the shortcut. */ cursor = ptr; follow_shortcut: shortcut = assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(cursor); pr_devel("shortcut to %d\n", shortcut->skip_to_level); sc_level = level + ASSOC_ARRAY_LEVEL_STEP; BUG_ON(sc_level > shortcut->skip_to_level); do { /* Check the leaf against the shortcut's index key a word at a * time, trimming the final word (the shortcut stores the index * key completely from the root to the shortcut's target). */ if ((sc_level & ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_MASK) == 0) segments = ops->get_key_chunk(index_key, sc_level); sc_segments = shortcut->index_key[sc_level >> ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SHIFT]; dissimilarity = segments ^ sc_segments; if (round_up(sc_level, ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SIZE) > shortcut->skip_to_level) { /* Trim segments that are beyond the shortcut */ int shift = shortcut->skip_to_level & ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_MASK; dissimilarity &= ~(ULONG_MAX << shift); next_sc_level = shortcut->skip_to_level; } else { next_sc_level = sc_level + ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SIZE; next_sc_level = round_down(next_sc_level, ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SIZE); } if (dissimilarity != 0) { /* This shortcut points elsewhere */ result->wrong_shortcut.shortcut = shortcut; result->wrong_shortcut.level = level; result->wrong_shortcut.sc_level = sc_level; result->wrong_shortcut.sc_segments = sc_segments; result->wrong_shortcut.dissimilarity = dissimilarity; return assoc_array_walk_found_wrong_shortcut; } sc_level = next_sc_level; } while (sc_level < shortcut->skip_to_level); /* The shortcut matches the leaf's index to this point. */ cursor = READ_ONCE(shortcut->next_node); /* Address dependency. */ if (((level ^ sc_level) & ~ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_MASK) != 0) { level = sc_level; goto jumped; } else { level = sc_level; goto consider_node; } } /** * assoc_array_find - Find an object by index key * @array: The associative array to search. * @ops: The operations to use. * @index_key: The key to the object. * * Find an object in an associative array by walking through the internal tree * to the node that should contain the object and then searching the leaves * there. NULL is returned if the requested object was not found in the array. * * The caller must hold the RCU read lock or better. */ void *assoc_array_find(const struct assoc_array *array, const struct assoc_array_ops *ops, const void *index_key) { struct assoc_array_walk_result result; const struct assoc_array_node *node; const struct assoc_array_ptr *ptr; const void *leaf; int slot; if (assoc_array_walk(array, ops, index_key, &result) != assoc_array_walk_found_terminal_node) return NULL; node = result.terminal_node.node; /* If the target key is available to us, it's has to be pointed to by * the terminal node. */ for (slot = 0; slot < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; slot++) { ptr = READ_ONCE(node->slots[slot]); /* Address dependency. */ if (ptr && assoc_array_ptr_is_leaf(ptr)) { /* We need a barrier between the read of the pointer * and dereferencing the pointer - but only if we are * actually going to dereference it. */ leaf = assoc_array_ptr_to_leaf(ptr); if (ops->compare_object(leaf, index_key)) return (void *)leaf; } } return NULL; } /* * Destructively iterate over an associative array. The caller must prevent * other simultaneous accesses. */ static void assoc_array_destroy_subtree(struct assoc_array_ptr *root, const struct assoc_array_ops *ops) { struct assoc_array_shortcut *shortcut; struct assoc_array_node *node; struct assoc_array_ptr *cursor, *parent = NULL; int slot = -1; pr_devel("-->%s()\n", __func__); cursor = root; if (!cursor) { pr_devel("empty\n"); return; } move_to_meta: if (assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(cursor)) { /* Descend through a shortcut */ pr_devel("[%d] shortcut\n", slot); BUG_ON(!assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(cursor)); shortcut = assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(cursor); BUG_ON(shortcut->back_pointer != parent); BUG_ON(slot != -1 && shortcut->parent_slot != slot); parent = cursor; cursor = shortcut->next_node; slot = -1; BUG_ON(!assoc_array_ptr_is_node(cursor)); } pr_devel("[%d] node\n", slot); node = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(cursor); BUG_ON(node->back_pointer != parent); BUG_ON(slot != -1 && node->parent_slot != slot); slot = 0; continue_node: pr_devel("Node %p [back=%p]\n", node, node->back_pointer); for (; slot < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; slot++) { struct assoc_array_ptr *ptr = node->slots[slot]; if (!ptr) continue; if (assoc_array_ptr_is_meta(ptr)) { parent = cursor; cursor = ptr; goto move_to_meta; } if (ops) { pr_devel("[%d] free leaf\n", slot); ops->free_object(assoc_array_ptr_to_leaf(ptr)); } } parent = node->back_pointer; slot = node->parent_slot; pr_devel("free node\n"); kfree(node); if (!parent) return; /* Done */ /* Move back up to the parent (may need to free a shortcut on * the way up) */ if (assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(parent)) { shortcut = assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(parent); BUG_ON(shortcut->next_node != cursor); cursor = parent; parent = shortcut->back_pointer; slot = shortcut->parent_slot; pr_devel("free shortcut\n"); kfree(shortcut); if (!parent) return; BUG_ON(!assoc_array_ptr_is_node(parent)); } /* Ascend to next slot in parent node */ pr_devel("ascend to %p[%d]\n", parent, slot); cursor = parent; node = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(cursor); slot++; goto continue_node; } /** * assoc_array_destroy - Destroy an associative array * @array: The array to destroy. * @ops: The operations to use. * * Discard all metadata and free all objects in an associative array. The * array will be empty and ready to use again upon completion. This function * cannot fail. * * The caller must prevent all other accesses whilst this takes place as no * attempt is made to adjust pointers gracefully to permit RCU readlock-holding * accesses to continue. On the other hand, no memory allocation is required. */ void assoc_array_destroy(struct assoc_array *array, const struct assoc_array_ops *ops) { assoc_array_destroy_subtree(array->root, ops); array->root = NULL; } /* * Handle insertion into an empty tree. */ static bool assoc_array_insert_in_empty_tree(struct assoc_array_edit *edit) { struct assoc_array_node *new_n0; pr_devel("-->%s()\n", __func__); new_n0 = kzalloc(sizeof(struct assoc_array_node), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_n0) return false; edit->new_meta[0] = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n0); edit->leaf_p = &new_n0->slots[0]; edit->adjust_count_on = new_n0; edit->set[0].ptr = &edit->array->root; edit->set[0].to = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n0); pr_devel("<--%s() = ok [no root]\n", __func__); return true; } /* * Handle insertion into a terminal node. */ static bool assoc_array_insert_into_terminal_node(struct assoc_array_edit *edit, const struct assoc_array_ops *ops, const void *index_key, struct assoc_array_walk_result *result) { struct assoc_array_shortcut *shortcut, *new_s0; struct assoc_array_node *node, *new_n0, *new_n1, *side; struct assoc_array_ptr *ptr; unsigned long dissimilarity, base_seg, blank; size_t keylen; bool have_meta; int level, diff; int slot, next_slot, free_slot, i, j; node = result->terminal_node.node; level = result->terminal_node.level; edit->segment_cache[ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT] = result->terminal_node.slot; pr_devel("-->%s()\n", __func__); /* We arrived at a node which doesn't have an onward node or shortcut * pointer that we have to follow. This means that (a) the leaf we * want must go here (either by insertion or replacement) or (b) we * need to split this node and insert in one of the fragments. */ free_slot = -1; /* Firstly, we have to check the leaves in this node to see if there's * a matching one we should replace in place. */ for (i = 0; i < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; i++) { ptr = node->slots[i]; if (!ptr) { free_slot = i; continue; } if (assoc_array_ptr_is_leaf(ptr) && ops->compare_object(assoc_array_ptr_to_leaf(ptr), index_key)) { pr_devel("replace in slot %d\n", i); edit->leaf_p = &node->slots[i]; edit->dead_leaf = node->slots[i]; pr_devel("<--%s() = ok [replace]\n", __func__); return true; } } /* If there is a free slot in this node then we can just insert the * leaf here. */ if (free_slot >= 0) { pr_devel("insert in free slot %d\n", free_slot); edit->leaf_p = &node->slots[free_slot]; edit->adjust_count_on = node; pr_devel("<--%s() = ok [insert]\n", __func__); return true; } /* The node has no spare slots - so we're either going to have to split * it or insert another node before it. * * Whatever, we're going to need at least two new nodes - so allocate * those now. We may also need a new shortcut, but we deal with that * when we need it. */ new_n0 = kzalloc(sizeof(struct assoc_array_node), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_n0) return false; edit->new_meta[0] = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n0); new_n1 = kzalloc(sizeof(struct assoc_array_node), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_n1) return false; edit->new_meta[1] = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n1); /* We need to find out how similar the leaves are. */ pr_devel("no spare slots\n"); have_meta = false; for (i = 0; i < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; i++) { ptr = node->slots[i]; if (assoc_array_ptr_is_meta(ptr)) { edit->segment_cache[i] = 0xff; have_meta = true; continue; } base_seg = ops->get_object_key_chunk( assoc_array_ptr_to_leaf(ptr), level); base_seg >>= level & ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_MASK; edit->segment_cache[i] = base_seg & ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_MASK; } if (have_meta) { pr_devel("have meta\n"); goto split_node; } /* The node contains only leaves */ dissimilarity = 0; base_seg = edit->segment_cache[0]; for (i = 1; i < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; i++) dissimilarity |= edit->segment_cache[i] ^ base_seg; pr_devel("only leaves; dissimilarity=%lx\n", dissimilarity); if ((dissimilarity & ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_MASK) == 0) { /* The old leaves all cluster in the same slot. We will need * to insert a shortcut if the new node wants to cluster with them. */ if ((edit->segment_cache[ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT] ^ base_seg) == 0) goto all_leaves_cluster_together; /* Otherwise all the old leaves cluster in the same slot, but * the new leaf wants to go into a different slot - so we * create a new node (n0) to hold the new leaf and a pointer to * a new node (n1) holding all the old leaves. * * This can be done by falling through to the node splitting * path. */ pr_devel("present leaves cluster but not new leaf\n"); } split_node: pr_devel("split node\n"); /* We need to split the current node. The node must contain anything * from a single leaf (in the one leaf case, this leaf will cluster * with the new leaf) and the rest meta-pointers, to all leaves, some * of which may cluster. * * It won't contain the case in which all the current leaves plus the * new leaves want to cluster in the same slot. * * We need to expel at least two leaves out of a set consisting of the * leaves in the node and the new leaf. The current meta pointers can * just be copied as they shouldn't cluster with any of the leaves. * * We need a new node (n0) to replace the current one and a new node to * take the expelled nodes (n1). */ edit->set[0].to = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n0); new_n0->back_pointer = node->back_pointer; new_n0->parent_slot = node->parent_slot; new_n1->back_pointer = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n0); new_n1->parent_slot = -1; /* Need to calculate this */ do_split_node: pr_devel("do_split_node\n"); new_n0->nr_leaves_on_branch = node->nr_leaves_on_branch; new_n1->nr_leaves_on_branch = 0; /* Begin by finding two matching leaves. There have to be at least two * that match - even if there are meta pointers - because any leaf that * would match a slot with a meta pointer in it must be somewhere * behind that meta pointer and cannot be here. Further, given N * remaining leaf slots, we now have N+1 leaves to go in them. */ for (i = 0; i < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; i++) { slot = edit->segment_cache[i]; if (slot != 0xff) for (j = i + 1; j < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT + 1; j++) if (edit->segment_cache[j] == slot) goto found_slot_for_multiple_occupancy; } found_slot_for_multiple_occupancy: pr_devel("same slot: %x %x [%02x]\n", i, j, slot); BUG_ON(i >= ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT); BUG_ON(j >= ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT + 1); BUG_ON(slot >= ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT); new_n1->parent_slot = slot; /* Metadata pointers cannot change slot */ for (i = 0; i < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; i++) if (assoc_array_ptr_is_meta(node->slots[i])) new_n0->slots[i] = node->slots[i]; else new_n0->slots[i] = NULL; BUG_ON(new_n0->slots[slot] != NULL); new_n0->slots[slot] = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n1); /* Filter the leaf pointers between the new nodes */ free_slot = -1; next_slot = 0; for (i = 0; i < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; i++) { if (assoc_array_ptr_is_meta(node->slots[i])) continue; if (edit->segment_cache[i] == slot) { new_n1->slots[next_slot++] = node->slots[i]; new_n1->nr_leaves_on_branch++; } else { do { free_slot++; } while (new_n0->slots[free_slot] != NULL); new_n0->slots[free_slot] = node->slots[i]; } } pr_devel("filtered: f=%x n=%x\n", free_slot, next_slot); if (edit->segment_cache[ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT] != slot) { do { free_slot++; } while (new_n0->slots[free_slot] != NULL); edit->leaf_p = &new_n0->slots[free_slot]; edit->adjust_count_on = new_n0; } else { edit->leaf_p = &new_n1->slots[next_slot++]; edit->adjust_count_on = new_n1; } BUG_ON(next_slot <= 1); edit->set_backpointers_to = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n0); for (i = 0; i < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; i++) { if (edit->segment_cache[i] == 0xff) { ptr = node->slots[i]; BUG_ON(assoc_array_ptr_is_leaf(ptr)); if (assoc_array_ptr_is_node(ptr)) { side = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(ptr); edit->set_backpointers[i] = &side->back_pointer; } else { shortcut = assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(ptr); edit->set_backpointers[i] = &shortcut->back_pointer; } } } ptr = node->back_pointer; if (!ptr) edit->set[0].ptr = &edit->array->root; else if (assoc_array_ptr_is_node(ptr)) edit->set[0].ptr = &assoc_array_ptr_to_node(ptr)->slots[node->parent_slot]; else edit->set[0].ptr = &assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(ptr)->next_node; edit->excised_meta[0] = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(node); pr_devel("<--%s() = ok [split node]\n", __func__); return true; all_leaves_cluster_together: /* All the leaves, new and old, want to cluster together in this node * in the same slot, so we have to replace this node with a shortcut to * skip over the identical parts of the key and then place a pair of * nodes, one inside the other, at the end of the shortcut and * distribute the keys between them. * * Firstly we need to work out where the leaves start diverging as a * bit position into their keys so that we know how big the shortcut * needs to be. * * We only need to make a single pass of N of the N+1 leaves because if * any keys differ between themselves at bit X then at least one of * them must also differ with the base key at bit X or before. */ pr_devel("all leaves cluster together\n"); diff = INT_MAX; for (i = 0; i < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; i++) { int x = ops->diff_objects(assoc_array_ptr_to_leaf(node->slots[i]), index_key); if (x < diff) { BUG_ON(x < 0); diff = x; } } BUG_ON(diff == INT_MAX); BUG_ON(diff < level + ASSOC_ARRAY_LEVEL_STEP); keylen = round_up(diff, ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SIZE); keylen >>= ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SHIFT; new_s0 = kzalloc(sizeof(struct assoc_array_shortcut) + keylen * sizeof(unsigned long), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_s0) return false; edit->new_meta[2] = assoc_array_shortcut_to_ptr(new_s0); edit->set[0].to = assoc_array_shortcut_to_ptr(new_s0); new_s0->back_pointer = node->back_pointer; new_s0->parent_slot = node->parent_slot; new_s0->next_node = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n0); new_n0->back_pointer = assoc_array_shortcut_to_ptr(new_s0); new_n0->parent_slot = 0; new_n1->back_pointer = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n0); new_n1->parent_slot = -1; /* Need to calculate this */ new_s0->skip_to_level = level = diff & ~ASSOC_ARRAY_LEVEL_STEP_MASK; pr_devel("skip_to_level = %d [diff %d]\n", level, diff); BUG_ON(level <= 0); for (i = 0; i < keylen; i++) new_s0->index_key[i] = ops->get_key_chunk(index_key, i * ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SIZE); if (level & ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_MASK) { blank = ULONG_MAX << (level & ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_MASK); pr_devel("blank off [%zu] %d: %lx\n", keylen - 1, level, blank); new_s0->index_key[keylen - 1] &= ~blank; } /* This now reduces to a node splitting exercise for which we'll need * to regenerate the disparity table. */ for (i = 0; i < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; i++) { ptr = node->slots[i]; base_seg = ops->get_object_key_chunk(assoc_array_ptr_to_leaf(ptr), level); base_seg >>= level & ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_MASK; edit->segment_cache[i] = base_seg & ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_MASK; } base_seg = ops->get_key_chunk(index_key, level); base_seg >>= level & ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_MASK; edit->segment_cache[ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT] = base_seg & ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_MASK; goto do_split_node; } /* * Handle insertion into the middle of a shortcut. */ static bool assoc_array_insert_mid_shortcut(struct assoc_array_edit *edit, const struct assoc_array_ops *ops, struct assoc_array_walk_result *result) { struct assoc_array_shortcut *shortcut, *new_s0, *new_s1; struct assoc_array_node *node, *new_n0, *side; unsigned long sc_segments, dissimilarity, blank; size_t keylen; int level, sc_level, diff; int sc_slot; shortcut = result->wrong_shortcut.shortcut; level = result->wrong_shortcut.level; sc_level = result->wrong_shortcut.sc_level; sc_segments = result->wrong_shortcut.sc_segments; dissimilarity = result->wrong_shortcut.dissimilarity; pr_devel("-->%s(ix=%d dis=%lx scix=%d)\n", __func__, level, dissimilarity, sc_level); /* We need to split a shortcut and insert a node between the two * pieces. Zero-length pieces will be dispensed with entirely. * * First of all, we need to find out in which level the first * difference was. */ diff = __ffs(dissimilarity); diff &= ~ASSOC_ARRAY_LEVEL_STEP_MASK; diff += sc_level & ~ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_MASK; pr_devel("diff=%d\n", diff); if (!shortcut->back_pointer) { edit->set[0].ptr = &edit->array->root; } else if (assoc_array_ptr_is_node(shortcut->back_pointer)) { node = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(shortcut->back_pointer); edit->set[0].ptr = &node->slots[shortcut->parent_slot]; } else { BUG(); } edit->excised_meta[0] = assoc_array_shortcut_to_ptr(shortcut); /* Create a new node now since we're going to need it anyway */ new_n0 = kzalloc(sizeof(struct assoc_array_node), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_n0) return false; edit->new_meta[0] = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n0); edit->adjust_count_on = new_n0; /* Insert a new shortcut before the new node if this segment isn't of * zero length - otherwise we just connect the new node directly to the * parent. */ level += ASSOC_ARRAY_LEVEL_STEP; if (diff > level) { pr_devel("pre-shortcut %d...%d\n", level, diff); keylen = round_up(diff, ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SIZE); keylen >>= ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SHIFT; new_s0 = kzalloc(sizeof(struct assoc_array_shortcut) + keylen * sizeof(unsigned long), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_s0) return false; edit->new_meta[1] = assoc_array_shortcut_to_ptr(new_s0); edit->set[0].to = assoc_array_shortcut_to_ptr(new_s0); new_s0->back_pointer = shortcut->back_pointer; new_s0->parent_slot = shortcut->parent_slot; new_s0->next_node = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n0); new_s0->skip_to_level = diff; new_n0->back_pointer = assoc_array_shortcut_to_ptr(new_s0); new_n0->parent_slot = 0; memcpy(new_s0->index_key, shortcut->index_key, keylen * sizeof(unsigned long)); blank = ULONG_MAX << (diff & ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_MASK); pr_devel("blank off [%zu] %d: %lx\n", keylen - 1, diff, blank); new_s0->index_key[keylen - 1] &= ~blank; } else { pr_devel("no pre-shortcut\n"); edit->set[0].to = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n0); new_n0->back_pointer = shortcut->back_pointer; new_n0->parent_slot = shortcut->parent_slot; } side = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(shortcut->next_node); new_n0->nr_leaves_on_branch = side->nr_leaves_on_branch; /* We need to know which slot in the new node is going to take a * metadata pointer. */ sc_slot = sc_segments >> (diff & ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_MASK); sc_slot &= ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_MASK; pr_devel("new slot %lx >> %d -> %d\n", sc_segments, diff & ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_MASK, sc_slot); /* Determine whether we need to follow the new node with a replacement * for the current shortcut. We could in theory reuse the current * shortcut if its parent slot number doesn't change - but that's a * 1-in-16 chance so not worth expending the code upon. */ level = diff + ASSOC_ARRAY_LEVEL_STEP; if (level < shortcut->skip_to_level) { pr_devel("post-shortcut %d...%d\n", level, shortcut->skip_to_level); keylen = round_up(shortcut->skip_to_level, ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SIZE); keylen >>= ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SHIFT; new_s1 = kzalloc(sizeof(struct assoc_array_shortcut) + keylen * sizeof(unsigned long), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_s1) return false; edit->new_meta[2] = assoc_array_shortcut_to_ptr(new_s1); new_s1->back_pointer = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n0); new_s1->parent_slot = sc_slot; new_s1->next_node = shortcut->next_node; new_s1->skip_to_level = shortcut->skip_to_level; new_n0->slots[sc_slot] = assoc_array_shortcut_to_ptr(new_s1); memcpy(new_s1->index_key, shortcut->index_key, keylen * sizeof(unsigned long)); edit->set[1].ptr = &side->back_pointer; edit->set[1].to = assoc_array_shortcut_to_ptr(new_s1); } else { pr_devel("no post-shortcut\n"); /* We don't have to replace the pointed-to node as long as we * use memory barriers to make sure the parent slot number is * changed before the back pointer (the parent slot number is * irrelevant to the old parent shortcut). */ new_n0->slots[sc_slot] = shortcut->next_node; edit->set_parent_slot[0].p = &side->parent_slot; edit->set_parent_slot[0].to = sc_slot; edit->set[1].ptr = &side->back_pointer; edit->set[1].to = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n0); } /* Install the new leaf in a spare slot in the new node. */ if (sc_slot == 0) edit->leaf_p = &new_n0->slots[1]; else edit->leaf_p = &new_n0->slots[0]; pr_devel("<--%s() = ok [split shortcut]\n", __func__); return edit; } /** * assoc_array_insert - Script insertion of an object into an associative array * @array: The array to insert into. * @ops: The operations to use. * @index_key: The key to insert at. * @object: The object to insert. * * Precalculate and preallocate a script for the insertion or replacement of an * object in an associative array. This results in an edit script that can * either be applied or cancelled. * * The function returns a pointer to an edit script or -ENOMEM. * * The caller should lock against other modifications and must continue to hold * the lock until assoc_array_apply_edit() has been called. * * Accesses to the tree may take place concurrently with this function, * provided they hold the RCU read lock. */ struct assoc_array_edit *assoc_array_insert(struct assoc_array *array, const struct assoc_array_ops *ops, const void *index_key, void *object) { struct assoc_array_walk_result result; struct assoc_array_edit *edit; pr_devel("-->%s()\n", __func__); /* The leaf pointer we're given must not have the bottom bit set as we * use those for type-marking the pointer. NULL pointers are also not * allowed as they indicate an empty slot but we have to allow them * here as they can be updated later. */ BUG_ON(assoc_array_ptr_is_meta(object)); edit = kzalloc(sizeof(struct assoc_array_edit), GFP_KERNEL); if (!edit) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); edit->array = array; edit->ops = ops; edit->leaf = assoc_array_leaf_to_ptr(object); edit->adjust_count_by = 1; switch (assoc_array_walk(array, ops, index_key, &result)) { case assoc_array_walk_tree_empty: /* Allocate a root node if there isn't one yet */ if (!assoc_array_insert_in_empty_tree(edit)) goto enomem; return edit; case assoc_array_walk_found_terminal_node: /* We found a node that doesn't have a node/shortcut pointer in * the slot corresponding to the index key that we have to * follow. */ if (!assoc_array_insert_into_terminal_node(edit, ops, index_key, &result)) goto enomem; return edit; case assoc_array_walk_found_wrong_shortcut: /* We found a shortcut that didn't match our key in a slot we * needed to follow. */ if (!assoc_array_insert_mid_shortcut(edit, ops, &result)) goto enomem; return edit; } enomem: /* Clean up after an out of memory error */ pr_devel("enomem\n"); assoc_array_cancel_edit(edit); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } /** * assoc_array_insert_set_object - Set the new object pointer in an edit script * @edit: The edit script to modify. * @object: The object pointer to set. * * Change the object to be inserted in an edit script. The object pointed to * by the old object is not freed. This must be done prior to applying the * script. */ void assoc_array_insert_set_object(struct assoc_array_edit *edit, void *object) { BUG_ON(!object); edit->leaf = assoc_array_leaf_to_ptr(object); } struct assoc_array_delete_collapse_context { struct assoc_array_node *node; const void *skip_leaf; int slot; }; /* * Subtree collapse to node iterator. */ static int assoc_array_delete_collapse_iterator(const void *leaf, void *iterator_data) { struct assoc_array_delete_collapse_context *collapse = iterator_data; if (leaf == collapse->skip_leaf) return 0; BUG_ON(collapse->slot >= ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT); collapse->node->slots[collapse->slot++] = assoc_array_leaf_to_ptr(leaf); return 0; } /** * assoc_array_delete - Script deletion of an object from an associative array * @array: The array to search. * @ops: The operations to use. * @index_key: The key to the object. * * Precalculate and preallocate a script for the deletion of an object from an * associative array. This results in an edit script that can either be * applied or cancelled. * * The function returns a pointer to an edit script if the object was found, * NULL if the object was not found or -ENOMEM. * * The caller should lock against other modifications and must continue to hold * the lock until assoc_array_apply_edit() has been called. * * Accesses to the tree may take place concurrently with this function, * provided they hold the RCU read lock. */ struct assoc_array_edit *assoc_array_delete(struct assoc_array *array, const struct assoc_array_ops *ops, const void *index_key) { struct assoc_array_delete_collapse_context collapse; struct assoc_array_walk_result result; struct assoc_array_node *node, *new_n0; struct assoc_array_edit *edit; struct assoc_array_ptr *ptr; bool has_meta; int slot, i; pr_devel("-->%s()\n", __func__); edit = kzalloc(sizeof(struct assoc_array_edit), GFP_KERNEL); if (!edit) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); edit->array = array; edit->ops = ops; edit->adjust_count_by = -1; switch (assoc_array_walk(array, ops, index_key, &result)) { case assoc_array_walk_found_terminal_node: /* We found a node that should contain the leaf we've been * asked to remove - *if* it's in the tree. */ pr_devel("terminal_node\n"); node = result.terminal_node.node; for (slot = 0; slot < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; slot++) { ptr = node->slots[slot]; if (ptr && assoc_array_ptr_is_leaf(ptr) && ops->compare_object(assoc_array_ptr_to_leaf(ptr), index_key)) goto found_leaf; } /* fall through */ case assoc_array_walk_tree_empty: case assoc_array_walk_found_wrong_shortcut: default: assoc_array_cancel_edit(edit); pr_devel("not found\n"); return NULL; } found_leaf: BUG_ON(array->nr_leaves_on_tree <= 0); /* In the simplest form of deletion we just clear the slot and release * the leaf after a suitable interval. */ edit->dead_leaf = node->slots[slot]; edit->set[0].ptr = &node->slots[slot]; edit->set[0].to = NULL; edit->adjust_count_on = node; /* If that concludes erasure of the last leaf, then delete the entire * internal array. */ if (array->nr_leaves_on_tree == 1) { edit->set[1].ptr = &array->root; edit->set[1].to = NULL; edit->adjust_count_on = NULL; edit->excised_subtree = array->root; pr_devel("all gone\n"); return edit; } /* However, we'd also like to clear up some metadata blocks if we * possibly can. * * We go for a simple algorithm of: if this node has FAN_OUT or fewer * leaves in it, then attempt to collapse it - and attempt to * recursively collapse up the tree. * * We could also try and collapse in partially filled subtrees to take * up space in this node. */ if (node->nr_leaves_on_branch <= ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT + 1) { struct assoc_array_node *parent, *grandparent; struct assoc_array_ptr *ptr; /* First of all, we need to know if this node has metadata so * that we don't try collapsing if all the leaves are already * here. */ has_meta = false; for (i = 0; i < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; i++) { ptr = node->slots[i]; if (assoc_array_ptr_is_meta(ptr)) { has_meta = true; break; } } pr_devel("leaves: %ld [m=%d]\n", node->nr_leaves_on_branch - 1, has_meta); /* Look further up the tree to see if we can collapse this node * into a more proximal node too. */ parent = node; collapse_up: pr_devel("collapse subtree: %ld\n", parent->nr_leaves_on_branch); ptr = parent->back_pointer; if (!ptr) goto do_collapse; if (assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(ptr)) { struct assoc_array_shortcut *s = assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(ptr); ptr = s->back_pointer; if (!ptr) goto do_collapse; } grandparent = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(ptr); if (grandparent->nr_leaves_on_branch <= ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT + 1) { parent = grandparent; goto collapse_up; } do_collapse: /* There's no point collapsing if the original node has no meta * pointers to discard and if we didn't merge into one of that * node's ancestry. */ if (has_meta || parent != node) { node = parent; /* Create a new node to collapse into */ new_n0 = kzalloc(sizeof(struct assoc_array_node), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_n0) goto enomem; edit->new_meta[0] = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n0); new_n0->back_pointer = node->back_pointer; new_n0->parent_slot = node->parent_slot; new_n0->nr_leaves_on_branch = node->nr_leaves_on_branch; edit->adjust_count_on = new_n0; collapse.node = new_n0; collapse.skip_leaf = assoc_array_ptr_to_leaf(edit->dead_leaf); collapse.slot = 0; assoc_array_subtree_iterate(assoc_array_node_to_ptr(node), node->back_pointer, assoc_array_delete_collapse_iterator, &collapse); pr_devel("collapsed %d,%lu\n", collapse.slot, new_n0->nr_leaves_on_branch); BUG_ON(collapse.slot != new_n0->nr_leaves_on_branch - 1); if (!node->back_pointer) { edit->set[1].ptr = &array->root; } else if (assoc_array_ptr_is_leaf(node->back_pointer)) { BUG(); } else if (assoc_array_ptr_is_node(node->back_pointer)) { struct assoc_array_node *p = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(node->back_pointer); edit->set[1].ptr = &p->slots[node->parent_slot]; } else if (assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(node->back_pointer)) { struct assoc_array_shortcut *s = assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(node->back_pointer); edit->set[1].ptr = &s->next_node; } edit->set[1].to = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n0); edit->excised_subtree = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(node); } } return edit; enomem: /* Clean up after an out of memory error */ pr_devel("enomem\n"); assoc_array_cancel_edit(edit); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } /** * assoc_array_clear - Script deletion of all objects from an associative array * @array: The array to clear. * @ops: The operations to use. * * Precalculate and preallocate a script for the deletion of all the objects * from an associative array. This results in an edit script that can either * be applied or cancelled. * * The function returns a pointer to an edit script if there are objects to be * deleted, NULL if there are no objects in the array or -ENOMEM. * * The caller should lock against other modifications and must continue to hold * the lock until assoc_array_apply_edit() has been called. * * Accesses to the tree may take place concurrently with this function, * provided they hold the RCU read lock. */ struct assoc_array_edit *assoc_array_clear(struct assoc_array *array, const struct assoc_array_ops *ops) { struct assoc_array_edit *edit; pr_devel("-->%s()\n", __func__); if (!array->root) return NULL; edit = kzalloc(sizeof(struct assoc_array_edit), GFP_KERNEL); if (!edit) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); edit->array = array; edit->ops = ops; edit->set[1].ptr = &array->root; edit->set[1].to = NULL; edit->excised_subtree = array->root; edit->ops_for_excised_subtree = ops; pr_devel("all gone\n"); return edit; } /* * Handle the deferred destruction after an applied edit. */ static void assoc_array_rcu_cleanup(struct rcu_head *head) { struct assoc_array_edit *edit = container_of(head, struct assoc_array_edit, rcu); int i; pr_devel("-->%s()\n", __func__); if (edit->dead_leaf) edit->ops->free_object(assoc_array_ptr_to_leaf(edit->dead_leaf)); for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(edit->excised_meta); i++) if (edit->excised_meta[i]) kfree(assoc_array_ptr_to_node(edit->excised_meta[i])); if (edit->excised_subtree) { BUG_ON(assoc_array_ptr_is_leaf(edit->excised_subtree)); if (assoc_array_ptr_is_node(edit->excised_subtree)) { struct assoc_array_node *n = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(edit->excised_subtree); n->back_pointer = NULL; } else { struct assoc_array_shortcut *s = assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(edit->excised_subtree); s->back_pointer = NULL; } assoc_array_destroy_subtree(edit->excised_subtree, edit->ops_for_excised_subtree); } kfree(edit); } /** * assoc_array_apply_edit - Apply an edit script to an associative array * @edit: The script to apply. * * Apply an edit script to an associative array to effect an insertion, * deletion or clearance. As the edit script includes preallocated memory, * this is guaranteed not to fail. * * The edit script, dead objects and dead metadata will be scheduled for * destruction after an RCU grace period to permit those doing read-only * accesses on the array to continue to do so under the RCU read lock whilst * the edit is taking place. */ void assoc_array_apply_edit(struct assoc_array_edit *edit) { struct assoc_array_shortcut *shortcut; struct assoc_array_node *node; struct assoc_array_ptr *ptr; int i; pr_devel("-->%s()\n", __func__); smp_wmb(); if (edit->leaf_p) *edit->leaf_p = edit->leaf; smp_wmb(); for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(edit->set_parent_slot); i++) if (edit->set_parent_slot[i].p) *edit->set_parent_slot[i].p = edit->set_parent_slot[i].to; smp_wmb(); for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(edit->set_backpointers); i++) if (edit->set_backpointers[i]) *edit->set_backpointers[i] = edit->set_backpointers_to; smp_wmb(); for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(edit->set); i++) if (edit->set[i].ptr) *edit->set[i].ptr = edit->set[i].to; if (edit->array->root == NULL) { edit->array->nr_leaves_on_tree = 0; } else if (edit->adjust_count_on) { node = edit->adjust_count_on; for (;;) { node->nr_leaves_on_branch += edit->adjust_count_by; ptr = node->back_pointer; if (!ptr) break; if (assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(ptr)) { shortcut = assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(ptr); ptr = shortcut->back_pointer; if (!ptr) break; } BUG_ON(!assoc_array_ptr_is_node(ptr)); node = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(ptr); } edit->array->nr_leaves_on_tree += edit->adjust_count_by; } call_rcu(&edit->rcu, assoc_array_rcu_cleanup); } /** * assoc_array_cancel_edit - Discard an edit script. * @edit: The script to discard. * * Free an edit script and all the preallocated data it holds without making * any changes to the associative array it was intended for. * * NOTE! In the case of an insertion script, this does _not_ release the leaf * that was to be inserted. That is left to the caller. */ void assoc_array_cancel_edit(struct assoc_array_edit *edit) { struct assoc_array_ptr *ptr; int i; pr_devel("-->%s()\n", __func__); /* Clean up after an out of memory error */ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(edit->new_meta); i++) { ptr = edit->new_meta[i]; if (ptr) { if (assoc_array_ptr_is_node(ptr)) kfree(assoc_array_ptr_to_node(ptr)); else kfree(assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(ptr)); } } kfree(edit); } /** * assoc_array_gc - Garbage collect an associative array. * @array: The array to clean. * @ops: The operations to use. * @iterator: A callback function to pass judgement on each object. * @iterator_data: Private data for the callback function. * * Collect garbage from an associative array and pack down the internal tree to * save memory. * * The iterator function is asked to pass judgement upon each object in the * array. If it returns false, the object is discard and if it returns true, * the object is kept. If it returns true, it must increment the object's * usage count (or whatever it needs to do to retain it) before returning. * * This function returns 0 if successful or -ENOMEM if out of memory. In the * latter case, the array is not changed. * * The caller should lock against other modifications and must continue to hold * the lock until assoc_array_apply_edit() has been called. * * Accesses to the tree may take place concurrently with this function, * provided they hold the RCU read lock. */ int assoc_array_gc(struct assoc_array *array, const struct assoc_array_ops *ops, bool (*iterator)(void *object, void *iterator_data), void *iterator_data) { struct assoc_array_shortcut *shortcut, *new_s; struct assoc_array_node *node, *new_n; struct assoc_array_edit *edit; struct assoc_array_ptr *cursor, *ptr; struct assoc_array_ptr *new_root, *new_parent, **new_ptr_pp; unsigned long nr_leaves_on_tree; int keylen, slot, nr_free, next_slot, i; pr_devel("-->%s()\n", __func__); if (!array->root) return 0; edit = kzalloc(sizeof(struct assoc_array_edit), GFP_KERNEL); if (!edit) return -ENOMEM; edit->array = array; edit->ops = ops; edit->ops_for_excised_subtree = ops; edit->set[0].ptr = &array->root; edit->excised_subtree = array->root; new_root = new_parent = NULL; new_ptr_pp = &new_root; cursor = array->root; descend: /* If this point is a shortcut, then we need to duplicate it and * advance the target cursor. */ if (assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(cursor)) { shortcut = assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(cursor); keylen = round_up(shortcut->skip_to_level, ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SIZE); keylen >>= ASSOC_ARRAY_KEY_CHUNK_SHIFT; new_s = kmalloc(sizeof(struct assoc_array_shortcut) + keylen * sizeof(unsigned long), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_s) goto enomem; pr_devel("dup shortcut %p -> %p\n", shortcut, new_s); memcpy(new_s, shortcut, (sizeof(struct assoc_array_shortcut) + keylen * sizeof(unsigned long))); new_s->back_pointer = new_parent; new_s->parent_slot = shortcut->parent_slot; *new_ptr_pp = new_parent = assoc_array_shortcut_to_ptr(new_s); new_ptr_pp = &new_s->next_node; cursor = shortcut->next_node; } /* Duplicate the node at this position */ node = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(cursor); new_n = kzalloc(sizeof(struct assoc_array_node), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_n) goto enomem; pr_devel("dup node %p -> %p\n", node, new_n); new_n->back_pointer = new_parent; new_n->parent_slot = node->parent_slot; *new_ptr_pp = new_parent = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n); new_ptr_pp = NULL; slot = 0; continue_node: /* Filter across any leaves and gc any subtrees */ for (; slot < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; slot++) { ptr = node->slots[slot]; if (!ptr) continue; if (assoc_array_ptr_is_leaf(ptr)) { if (iterator(assoc_array_ptr_to_leaf(ptr), iterator_data)) /* The iterator will have done any reference * counting on the object for us. */ new_n->slots[slot] = ptr; continue; } new_ptr_pp = &new_n->slots[slot]; cursor = ptr; goto descend; } pr_devel("-- compress node %p --\n", new_n); /* Count up the number of empty slots in this node and work out the * subtree leaf count. */ new_n->nr_leaves_on_branch = 0; nr_free = 0; for (slot = 0; slot < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; slot++) { ptr = new_n->slots[slot]; if (!ptr) nr_free++; else if (assoc_array_ptr_is_leaf(ptr)) new_n->nr_leaves_on_branch++; } pr_devel("free=%d, leaves=%lu\n", nr_free, new_n->nr_leaves_on_branch); /* See what we can fold in */ next_slot = 0; for (slot = 0; slot < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; slot++) { struct assoc_array_shortcut *s; struct assoc_array_node *child; ptr = new_n->slots[slot]; if (!ptr || assoc_array_ptr_is_leaf(ptr)) continue; s = NULL; if (assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(ptr)) { s = assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(ptr); ptr = s->next_node; } child = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(ptr); new_n->nr_leaves_on_branch += child->nr_leaves_on_branch; if (child->nr_leaves_on_branch <= nr_free + 1) { /* Fold the child node into this one */ pr_devel("[%d] fold node %lu/%d [nx %d]\n", slot, child->nr_leaves_on_branch, nr_free + 1, next_slot); /* We would already have reaped an intervening shortcut * on the way back up the tree. */ BUG_ON(s); new_n->slots[slot] = NULL; nr_free++; if (slot < next_slot) next_slot = slot; for (i = 0; i < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; i++) { struct assoc_array_ptr *p = child->slots[i]; if (!p) continue; BUG_ON(assoc_array_ptr_is_meta(p)); while (new_n->slots[next_slot]) next_slot++; BUG_ON(next_slot >= ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT); new_n->slots[next_slot++] = p; nr_free--; } kfree(child); } else { pr_devel("[%d] retain node %lu/%d [nx %d]\n", slot, child->nr_leaves_on_branch, nr_free + 1, next_slot); } } pr_devel("after: %lu\n", new_n->nr_leaves_on_branch); nr_leaves_on_tree = new_n->nr_leaves_on_branch; /* Excise this node if it is singly occupied by a shortcut */ if (nr_free == ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT - 1) { for (slot = 0; slot < ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT; slot++) if ((ptr = new_n->slots[slot])) break; if (assoc_array_ptr_is_meta(ptr) && assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(ptr)) { pr_devel("excise node %p with 1 shortcut\n", new_n); new_s = assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(ptr); new_parent = new_n->back_pointer; slot = new_n->parent_slot; kfree(new_n); if (!new_parent) { new_s->back_pointer = NULL; new_s->parent_slot = 0; new_root = ptr; goto gc_complete; } if (assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(new_parent)) { /* We can discard any preceding shortcut also */ struct assoc_array_shortcut *s = assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(new_parent); pr_devel("excise preceding shortcut\n"); new_parent = new_s->back_pointer = s->back_pointer; slot = new_s->parent_slot = s->parent_slot; kfree(s); if (!new_parent) { new_s->back_pointer = NULL; new_s->parent_slot = 0; new_root = ptr; goto gc_complete; } } new_s->back_pointer = new_parent; new_s->parent_slot = slot; new_n = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(new_parent); new_n->slots[slot] = ptr; goto ascend_old_tree; } } /* Excise any shortcuts we might encounter that point to nodes that * only contain leaves. */ ptr = new_n->back_pointer; if (!ptr) goto gc_complete; if (assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(ptr)) { new_s = assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(ptr); new_parent = new_s->back_pointer; slot = new_s->parent_slot; if (new_n->nr_leaves_on_branch <= ASSOC_ARRAY_FAN_OUT) { struct assoc_array_node *n; pr_devel("excise shortcut\n"); new_n->back_pointer = new_parent; new_n->parent_slot = slot; kfree(new_s); if (!new_parent) { new_root = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n); goto gc_complete; } n = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(new_parent); n->slots[slot] = assoc_array_node_to_ptr(new_n); } } else { new_parent = ptr; } new_n = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(new_parent); ascend_old_tree: ptr = node->back_pointer; if (assoc_array_ptr_is_shortcut(ptr)) { shortcut = assoc_array_ptr_to_shortcut(ptr); slot = shortcut->parent_slot; cursor = shortcut->back_pointer; if (!cursor) goto gc_complete; } else { slot = node->parent_slot; cursor = ptr; } BUG_ON(!cursor); node = assoc_array_ptr_to_node(cursor); slot++; goto continue_node; gc_complete: edit->set[0].to = new_root; assoc_array_apply_edit(edit); array->nr_leaves_on_tree = nr_leaves_on_tree; return 0; enomem: pr_devel("enomem\n"); assoc_array_destroy_subtree(new_root, edit->ops); kfree(edit); return -ENOMEM; }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM qdisc #if !defined(_TRACE_QDISC_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_QDISC_H #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/netdevice.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <linux/ftrace.h> #include <linux/pkt_sched.h> #include <net/sch_generic.h> TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_dequeue, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *qdisc, const struct netdev_queue *txq, int packets, struct sk_buff *skb), TP_ARGS(qdisc, txq, packets, skb), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( struct Qdisc *, qdisc ) __field(const struct netdev_queue *, txq ) __field( int, packets ) __field( void *, skbaddr ) __field( int, ifindex ) __field( u32, handle ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( unsigned long, txq_state) ), /* skb==NULL indicate packets dequeued was 0, even when packets==1 */ TP_fast_assign( __entry->qdisc = qdisc; __entry->txq = txq; __entry->packets = skb ? packets : 0; __entry->skbaddr = skb; __entry->ifindex = txq->dev ? txq->dev->ifindex : 0; __entry->handle = qdisc->handle; __entry->parent = qdisc->parent; __entry->txq_state = txq->state; ), TP_printk("dequeue ifindex=%d qdisc handle=0x%X parent=0x%X txq_state=0x%lX packets=%d skbaddr=%p", __entry->ifindex, __entry->handle, __entry->parent, __entry->txq_state, __entry->packets, __entry->skbaddr ) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_reset, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *q), TP_ARGS(q), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, qdisc_dev(q) ) __string( kind, q->ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( u32, handle ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, qdisc_dev(q)); __assign_str(kind, q->ops->id); __entry->parent = q->parent; __entry->handle = q->handle; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x handle=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->handle) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->handle)) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_destroy, TP_PROTO(struct Qdisc *q), TP_ARGS(q), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, qdisc_dev(q) ) __string( kind, q->ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) __field( u32, handle ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, qdisc_dev(q)); __assign_str(kind, q->ops->id); __entry->parent = q->parent; __entry->handle = q->handle; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x handle=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->handle) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->handle)) ); TRACE_EVENT(qdisc_create, TP_PROTO(const struct Qdisc_ops *ops, struct net_device *dev, u32 parent), TP_ARGS(ops, dev, parent), TP_STRUCT__entry( __string( dev, dev->name ) __string( kind, ops->id ) __field( u32, parent ) ), TP_fast_assign( __assign_str(dev, dev->name); __assign_str(kind, ops->id); __entry->parent = parent; ), TP_printk("dev=%s kind=%s parent=%x:%x", __get_str(dev), __get_str(kind), TC_H_MAJ(__entry->parent) >> 16, TC_H_MIN(__entry->parent)) ); #endif /* _TRACE_QDISC_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * fs/ext4/mballoc.h * * Written by: Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com> * */ #ifndef _EXT4_MBALLOC_H #define _EXT4_MBALLOC_H #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/quotaops.h> #include <linux/buffer_head.h> #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/swap.h> #include <linux/proc_fs.h> #include <linux/pagemap.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include "ext4_jbd2.h" #include "ext4.h" /* * mb_debug() dynamic printk msgs could be used to debug mballoc code. */ #ifdef CONFIG_EXT4_DEBUG #define mb_debug(sb, fmt, ...) \ pr_debug("[%s/%d] EXT4-fs (%s): (%s, %d): %s: " fmt, \ current->comm, task_pid_nr(current), sb->s_id, \ __FILE__, __LINE__, __func__, ##__VA_ARGS__) #else #define mb_debug(sb, fmt, ...) no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__) #endif #define EXT4_MB_HISTORY_ALLOC 1 /* allocation */ #define EXT4_MB_HISTORY_PREALLOC 2 /* preallocated blocks used */ /* * How long mballoc can look for a best extent (in found extents) */ #define MB_DEFAULT_MAX_TO_SCAN 200 /* * How long mballoc must look for a best extent */ #define MB_DEFAULT_MIN_TO_SCAN 10 /* * with 'ext4_mb_stats' allocator will collect stats that will be * shown at umount. The collecting costs though! */ #define MB_DEFAULT_STATS 0 /* * files smaller than MB_DEFAULT_STREAM_THRESHOLD are served * by the stream allocator, which purpose is to pack requests * as close each to other as possible to produce smooth I/O traffic * We use locality group prealloc space for stream request. * We can tune the same via /proc/fs/ext4/<parition>/stream_req */ #define MB_DEFAULT_STREAM_THRESHOLD 16 /* 64K */ /* * for which requests use 2^N search using buddies */ #define MB_DEFAULT_ORDER2_REQS 2 /* * default group prealloc size 512 blocks */ #define MB_DEFAULT_GROUP_PREALLOC 512 /* * maximum length of inode prealloc list */ #define MB_DEFAULT_MAX_INODE_PREALLOC 512 struct ext4_free_data { /* this links the free block information from sb_info */ struct list_head efd_list; /* this links the free block information from group_info */ struct rb_node efd_node; /* group which free block extent belongs */ ext4_group_t efd_group; /* free block extent */ ext4_grpblk_t efd_start_cluster; ext4_grpblk_t efd_count; /* transaction which freed this extent */ tid_t efd_tid; }; struct ext4_prealloc_space { struct list_head pa_inode_list; struct list_head pa_group_list; union { struct list_head pa_tmp_list; struct rcu_head pa_rcu; } u; spinlock_t pa_lock; atomic_t pa_count; unsigned pa_deleted; ext4_fsblk_t pa_pstart; /* phys. block */ ext4_lblk_t pa_lstart; /* log. block */ ext4_grpblk_t pa_len; /* len of preallocated chunk */ ext4_grpblk_t pa_free; /* how many blocks are free */ unsigned short pa_type; /* pa type. inode or group */ spinlock_t *pa_obj_lock; struct inode *pa_inode; /* hack, for history only */ }; enum { MB_INODE_PA = 0, MB_GROUP_PA = 1 }; struct ext4_free_extent { ext4_lblk_t fe_logical; ext4_grpblk_t fe_start; /* In cluster units */ ext4_group_t fe_group; ext4_grpblk_t fe_len; /* In cluster units */ }; /* * Locality group: * we try to group all related changes together * so that writeback can flush/allocate them together as well * Size of lg_prealloc_list hash is determined by MB_DEFAULT_GROUP_PREALLOC * (512). We store prealloc space into the hash based on the pa_free blocks * order value.ie, fls(pa_free)-1; */ #define PREALLOC_TB_SIZE 10 struct ext4_locality_group { /* for allocator */ /* to serialize allocates */ struct mutex lg_mutex; /* list of preallocations */ struct list_head lg_prealloc_list[PREALLOC_TB_SIZE]; spinlock_t lg_prealloc_lock; }; struct ext4_allocation_context { struct inode *ac_inode; struct super_block *ac_sb; /* original request */ struct ext4_free_extent ac_o_ex; /* goal request (normalized ac_o_ex) */ struct ext4_free_extent ac_g_ex; /* the best found extent */ struct ext4_free_extent ac_b_ex; /* copy of the best found extent taken before preallocation efforts */ struct ext4_free_extent ac_f_ex; __u16 ac_groups_scanned; __u16 ac_found; __u16 ac_tail; __u16 ac_buddy; __u16 ac_flags; /* allocation hints */ __u8 ac_status; __u8 ac_criteria; __u8 ac_2order; /* if request is to allocate 2^N blocks and * N > 0, the field stores N, otherwise 0 */ __u8 ac_op; /* operation, for history only */ struct page *ac_bitmap_page; struct page *ac_buddy_page; struct ext4_prealloc_space *ac_pa; struct ext4_locality_group *ac_lg; }; #define AC_STATUS_CONTINUE 1 #define AC_STATUS_FOUND 2 #define AC_STATUS_BREAK 3 struct ext4_buddy { struct page *bd_buddy_page; void *bd_buddy; struct page *bd_bitmap_page; void *bd_bitmap; struct ext4_group_info *bd_info; struct super_block *bd_sb; __u16 bd_blkbits; ext4_group_t bd_group; }; static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_grp_offs_to_block(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_free_extent *fex) { return ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, fex->fe_group) + (fex->fe_start << EXT4_SB(sb)->s_cluster_bits); } typedef int (*ext4_mballoc_query_range_fn)( struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t agno, ext4_grpblk_t start, ext4_grpblk_t len, void *priv); int ext4_mballoc_query_range( struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t agno, ext4_grpblk_t start, ext4_grpblk_t end, ext4_mballoc_query_range_fn formatter, void *priv); #endif
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* Request a key from userspace * * Copyright (C) 2004-2007 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved. * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com) * * See Documentation/security/keys/request-key.rst */ #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/kmod.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/keyctl.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <net/net_namespace.h> #include "internal.h" #include <keys/request_key_auth-type.h> #define key_negative_timeout 60 /* default timeout on a negative key's existence */ static struct key *check_cached_key(struct keyring_search_context *ctx) { #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS_REQUEST_CACHE struct key *key = current->cached_requested_key; if (key && ctx->match_data.cmp(key, &ctx->match_data) && !(key->flags & ((1 << KEY_FLAG_INVALIDATED) | (1 << KEY_FLAG_REVOKED)))) return key_get(key); #endif return NULL; } static void cache_requested_key(struct key *key) { #ifdef CONFIG_KEYS_REQUEST_CACHE struct task_struct *t = current; key_put(t->cached_requested_key); t->cached_requested_key = key_get(key); set_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME); #endif } /** * complete_request_key - Complete the construction of a key. * @authkey: The authorisation key. * @error: The success or failute of the construction. * * Complete the attempt to construct a key. The key will be negated * if an error is indicated. The authorisation key will be revoked * unconditionally. */ void complete_request_key(struct key *authkey, int error) { struct request_key_auth *rka = get_request_key_auth(authkey); struct key *key = rka->target_key; kenter("%d{%d},%d", authkey->serial, key->serial, error); if (error < 0) key_negate_and_link(key, key_negative_timeout, NULL, authkey); else key_revoke(authkey); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(complete_request_key); /* * Initialise a usermode helper that is going to have a specific session * keyring. * * This is called in context of freshly forked kthread before kernel_execve(), * so we can simply install the desired session_keyring at this point. */ static int umh_keys_init(struct subprocess_info *info, struct cred *cred) { struct key *keyring = info->data; return install_session_keyring_to_cred(cred, keyring); } /* * Clean up a usermode helper with session keyring. */ static void umh_keys_cleanup(struct subprocess_info *info) { struct key *keyring = info->data; key_put(keyring); } /* * Call a usermode helper with a specific session keyring. */ static int call_usermodehelper_keys(const char *path, char **argv, char **envp, struct key *session_keyring, int wait) { struct subprocess_info *info; info = call_usermodehelper_setup(path, argv, envp, GFP_KERNEL, umh_keys_init, umh_keys_cleanup, session_keyring); if (!info) return -ENOMEM; key_get(session_keyring); return call_usermodehelper_exec(info, wait); } /* * Request userspace finish the construction of a key * - execute "/sbin/request-key <op> <key> <uid> <gid> <keyring> <keyring> <keyring>" */ static int call_sbin_request_key(struct key *authkey, void *aux) { static char const request_key[] = "/sbin/request-key"; struct request_key_auth *rka = get_request_key_auth(authkey); const struct cred *cred = current_cred(); key_serial_t prkey, sskey; struct key *key = rka->target_key, *keyring, *session, *user_session; char *argv[9], *envp[3], uid_str[12], gid_str[12]; char key_str[12], keyring_str[3][12]; char desc[20]; int ret, i; kenter("{%d},{%d},%s", key->serial, authkey->serial, rka->op); ret = look_up_user_keyrings(NULL, &user_session); if (ret < 0) goto error_us; /* allocate a new session keyring */ sprintf(desc, "_req.%u", key->serial); cred = get_current_cred(); keyring = keyring_alloc(desc, cred->fsuid, cred->fsgid, cred, KEY_POS_ALL | KEY_USR_VIEW | KEY_USR_READ, KEY_ALLOC_QUOTA_OVERRUN, NULL, NULL); put_cred(cred); if (IS_ERR(keyring)) { ret = PTR_ERR(keyring); goto error_alloc; } /* attach the auth key to the session keyring */ ret = key_link(keyring, authkey); if (ret < 0) goto error_link; /* record the UID and GID */ sprintf(uid_str, "%d", from_kuid(&init_user_ns, cred->fsuid)); sprintf(gid_str, "%d", from_kgid(&init_user_ns, cred->fsgid)); /* we say which key is under construction */ sprintf(key_str, "%d", key->serial); /* we specify the process's default keyrings */ sprintf(keyring_str[0], "%d", cred->thread_keyring ? cred->thread_keyring->serial : 0); prkey = 0; if (cred->process_keyring) prkey = cred->process_keyring->serial; sprintf(keyring_str[1], "%d", prkey); session = cred->session_keyring; if (!session) session = user_session; sskey = session->serial; sprintf(keyring_str[2], "%d", sskey); /* set up a minimal environment */ i = 0; envp[i++] = "HOME=/"; envp[i++] = "PATH=/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin"; envp[i] = NULL; /* set up the argument list */ i = 0; argv[i++] = (char *)request_key; argv[i++] = (char *)rka->op; argv[i++] = key_str; argv[i++] = uid_str; argv[i++] = gid_str; argv[i++] = keyring_str[0]; argv[i++] = keyring_str[1]; argv[i++] = keyring_str[2]; argv[i] = NULL; /* do it */ ret = call_usermodehelper_keys(request_key, argv, envp, keyring, UMH_WAIT_PROC); kdebug("usermode -> 0x%x", ret); if (ret >= 0) { /* ret is the exit/wait code */ if (test_bit(KEY_FLAG_USER_CONSTRUCT, &key->flags) || key_validate(key) < 0) ret = -ENOKEY; else /* ignore any errors from userspace if the key was * instantiated */ ret = 0; } error_link: key_put(keyring); error_alloc: key_put(user_session); error_us: complete_request_key(authkey, ret); kleave(" = %d", ret); return ret; } /* * Call out to userspace for key construction. * * Program failure is ignored in favour of key status. */ static int construct_key(struct key *key, const void *callout_info, size_t callout_len, void *aux, struct key *dest_keyring) { request_key_actor_t actor; struct key *authkey; int ret; kenter("%d,%p,%zu,%p", key->serial, callout_info, callout_len, aux); /* allocate an authorisation key */ authkey = request_key_auth_new(key, "create", callout_info, callout_len, dest_keyring); if (IS_ERR(authkey)) return PTR_ERR(authkey); /* Make the call */ actor = call_sbin_request_key; if (key->type->request_key) actor = key->type->request_key; ret = actor(authkey, aux); /* check that the actor called complete_request_key() prior to * returning an error */ WARN_ON(ret < 0 && !test_bit(KEY_FLAG_INVALIDATED, &authkey->flags)); key_put(authkey); kleave(" = %d", ret); return ret; } /* * Get the appropriate destination keyring for the request. * * The keyring selected is returned with an extra reference upon it which the * caller must release. */ static int construct_get_dest_keyring(struct key **_dest_keyring) { struct request_key_auth *rka; const struct cred *cred = current_cred(); struct key *dest_keyring = *_dest_keyring, *authkey; int ret; kenter("%p", dest_keyring); /* find the appropriate keyring */ if (dest_keyring) { /* the caller supplied one */ key_get(dest_keyring); } else { bool do_perm_check = true; /* use a default keyring; falling through the cases until we * find one that we actually have */ switch (cred->jit_keyring) { case KEY_REQKEY_DEFL_DEFAULT: case KEY_REQKEY_DEFL_REQUESTOR_KEYRING: if (cred->request_key_auth) { authkey = cred->request_key_auth; down_read(&authkey->sem); rka = get_request_key_auth(authkey); if (!test_bit(KEY_FLAG_REVOKED, &authkey->flags)) dest_keyring = key_get(rka->dest_keyring); up_read(&authkey->sem); if (dest_keyring) { do_perm_check = false; break; } } fallthrough; case KEY_REQKEY_DEFL_THREAD_KEYRING: dest_keyring = key_get(cred->thread_keyring); if (dest_keyring) break; fallthrough; case KEY_REQKEY_DEFL_PROCESS_KEYRING: dest_keyring = key_get(cred->process_keyring); if (dest_keyring) break; fallthrough; case KEY_REQKEY_DEFL_SESSION_KEYRING: dest_keyring = key_get(cred->session_keyring); if (dest_keyring) break; fallthrough; case KEY_REQKEY_DEFL_USER_SESSION_KEYRING: ret = look_up_user_keyrings(NULL, &dest_keyring); if (ret < 0) return ret; break; case KEY_REQKEY_DEFL_USER_KEYRING: ret = look_up_user_keyrings(&dest_keyring, NULL); if (ret < 0) return ret; break; case KEY_REQKEY_DEFL_GROUP_KEYRING: default: BUG(); } /* * Require Write permission on the keyring. This is essential * because the default keyring may be the session keyring, and * joining a keyring only requires Search permission. * * However, this check is skipped for the "requestor keyring" so * that /sbin/request-key can itself use request_key() to add * keys to the original requestor's destination keyring. */ if (dest_keyring && do_perm_check) { ret = key_permission(make_key_ref(dest_keyring, 1), KEY_NEED_WRITE); if (ret) { key_put(dest_keyring); return ret; } } } *_dest_keyring = dest_keyring; kleave(" [dk %d]", key_serial(dest_keyring)); return 0; } /* * Allocate a new key in under-construction state and attempt to link it in to * the requested keyring. * * May return a key that's already under construction instead if there was a * race between two thread calling request_key(). */ static int construct_alloc_key(struct keyring_search_context *ctx, struct key *dest_keyring, unsigned long flags, struct key_user *user, struct key **_key) { struct assoc_array_edit *edit = NULL; struct key *key; key_perm_t perm; key_ref_t key_ref; int ret; kenter("%s,%s,,,", ctx->index_key.type->name, ctx->index_key.description); *_key = NULL; mutex_lock(&user->cons_lock); perm = KEY_POS_VIEW | KEY_POS_SEARCH | KEY_POS_LINK | KEY_POS_SETATTR; perm |= KEY_USR_VIEW; if (ctx->index_key.type->read) perm |= KEY_POS_READ; if (ctx->index_key.type == &key_type_keyring || ctx->index_key.type->update) perm |= KEY_POS_WRITE; key = key_alloc(ctx->index_key.type, ctx->index_key.description, ctx->cred->fsuid, ctx->cred->fsgid, ctx->cred, perm, flags, NULL); if (IS_ERR(key)) goto alloc_failed; set_bit(KEY_FLAG_USER_CONSTRUCT, &key->flags); if (dest_keyring) { ret = __key_link_lock(dest_keyring, &ctx->index_key); if (ret < 0) goto link_lock_failed; ret = __key_link_begin(dest_keyring, &ctx->index_key, &edit); if (ret < 0) goto link_prealloc_failed; } /* attach the key to the destination keyring under lock, but we do need * to do another check just in case someone beat us to it whilst we * waited for locks */ mutex_lock(&key_construction_mutex); rcu_read_lock(); key_ref = search_process_keyrings_rcu(ctx); rcu_read_unlock(); if (!IS_ERR(key_ref)) goto key_already_present; if (dest_keyring) __key_link(dest_keyring, key, &edit); mutex_unlock(&key_construction_mutex); if (dest_keyring) __key_link_end(dest_keyring, &ctx->index_key, edit); mutex_unlock(&user->cons_lock); *_key = key; kleave(" = 0 [%d]", key_serial(key)); return 0; /* the key is now present - we tell the caller that we found it by * returning -EINPROGRESS */ key_already_present: key_put(key); mutex_unlock(&key_construction_mutex); key = key_ref_to_ptr(key_ref); if (dest_keyring) { ret = __key_link_check_live_key(dest_keyring, key); if (ret == 0) __key_link(dest_keyring, key, &edit); __key_link_end(dest_keyring, &ctx->index_key, edit); if (ret < 0) goto link_check_failed; } mutex_unlock(&user->cons_lock); *_key = key; kleave(" = -EINPROGRESS [%d]", key_serial(key)); return -EINPROGRESS; link_check_failed: mutex_unlock(&user->cons_lock); key_put(key); kleave(" = %d [linkcheck]", ret); return ret; link_prealloc_failed: __key_link_end(dest_keyring, &ctx->index_key, edit); link_lock_failed: mutex_unlock(&user->cons_lock); key_put(key); kleave(" = %d [prelink]", ret); return ret; alloc_failed: mutex_unlock(&user->cons_lock); kleave(" = %ld", PTR_ERR(key)); return PTR_ERR(key); } /* * Commence key construction. */ static struct key *construct_key_and_link(struct keyring_search_context *ctx, const char *callout_info, size_t callout_len, void *aux, struct key *dest_keyring, unsigned long flags) { struct key_user *user; struct key *key; int ret; kenter(""); if (ctx->index_key.type == &key_type_keyring) return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); ret = construct_get_dest_keyring(&dest_keyring); if (ret) goto error; user = key_user_lookup(current_fsuid()); if (!user) { ret = -ENOMEM; goto error_put_dest_keyring; } ret = construct_alloc_key(ctx, dest_keyring, flags, user, &key); key_user_put(user); if (ret == 0) { ret = construct_key(key, callout_info, callout_len, aux, dest_keyring); if (ret < 0) { kdebug("cons failed"); goto construction_failed; } } else if (ret == -EINPROGRESS) { ret = 0; } else { goto error_put_dest_keyring; } key_put(dest_keyring); kleave(" = key %d", key_serial(key)); return key; construction_failed: key_negate_and_link(key, key_negative_timeout, NULL, NULL); key_put(key); error_put_dest_keyring: key_put(dest_keyring); error: kleave(" = %d", ret); return ERR_PTR(ret); } /** * request_key_and_link - Request a key and cache it in a keyring. * @type: The type of key we want. * @description: The searchable description of the key. * @domain_tag: The domain in which the key operates. * @callout_info: The data to pass to the instantiation upcall (or NULL). * @callout_len: The length of callout_info. * @aux: Auxiliary data for the upcall. * @dest_keyring: Where to cache the key. * @flags: Flags to key_alloc(). * * A key matching the specified criteria (type, description, domain_tag) is * searched for in the process's keyrings and returned with its usage count * incremented if found. Otherwise, if callout_info is not NULL, a key will be * allocated and some service (probably in userspace) will be asked to * instantiate it. * * If successfully found or created, the key will be linked to the destination * keyring if one is provided. * * Returns a pointer to the key if successful; -EACCES, -ENOKEY, -EKEYREVOKED * or -EKEYEXPIRED if an inaccessible, negative, revoked or expired key was * found; -ENOKEY if no key was found and no @callout_info was given; -EDQUOT * if insufficient key quota was available to create a new key; or -ENOMEM if * insufficient memory was available. * * If the returned key was created, then it may still be under construction, * and wait_for_key_construction() should be used to wait for that to complete. */ struct key *request_key_and_link(struct key_type *type, const char *description, struct key_tag *domain_tag, const void *callout_info, size_t callout_len, void *aux, struct key *dest_keyring, unsigned long flags) { struct keyring_search_context ctx = { .index_key.type = type, .index_key.domain_tag = domain_tag, .index_key.description = description, .index_key.desc_len = strlen(description), .cred = current_cred(), .match_data.cmp = key_default_cmp, .match_data.raw_data = description, .match_data.lookup_type = KEYRING_SEARCH_LOOKUP_DIRECT, .flags = (KEYRING_SEARCH_DO_STATE_CHECK | KEYRING_SEARCH_SKIP_EXPIRED | KEYRING_SEARCH_RECURSE), }; struct key *key; key_ref_t key_ref; int ret; kenter("%s,%s,%p,%zu,%p,%p,%lx", ctx.index_key.type->name, ctx.index_key.description, callout_info, callout_len, aux, dest_keyring, flags); if (type->match_preparse) { ret = type->match_preparse(&ctx.match_data); if (ret < 0) { key = ERR_PTR(ret); goto error; } } key = check_cached_key(&ctx); if (key) goto error_free; /* search all the process keyrings for a key */ rcu_read_lock(); key_ref = search_process_keyrings_rcu(&ctx); rcu_read_unlock(); if (!IS_ERR(key_ref)) { if (dest_keyring) { ret = key_task_permission(key_ref, current_cred(), KEY_NEED_LINK); if (ret < 0) { key_ref_put(key_ref); key = ERR_PTR(ret); goto error_free; } } key = key_ref_to_ptr(key_ref); if (dest_keyring) { ret = key_link(dest_keyring, key); if (ret < 0) { key_put(key); key = ERR_PTR(ret); goto error_free; } } /* Only cache the key on immediate success */ cache_requested_key(key); } else if (PTR_ERR(key_ref) != -EAGAIN) { key = ERR_CAST(key_ref); } else { /* the search failed, but the keyrings were searchable, so we * should consult userspace if we can */ key = ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY); if (!callout_info) goto error_free; key = construct_key_and_link(&ctx, callout_info, callout_len, aux, dest_keyring, flags); } error_free: if (type->match_free) type->match_free(&ctx.match_data); error: kleave(" = %p", key); return key; } /** * wait_for_key_construction - Wait for construction of a key to complete * @key: The key being waited for. * @intr: Whether to wait interruptibly. * * Wait for a key to finish being constructed. * * Returns 0 if successful; -ERESTARTSYS if the wait was interrupted; -ENOKEY * if the key was negated; or -EKEYREVOKED or -EKEYEXPIRED if the key was * revoked or expired. */ int wait_for_key_construction(struct key *key, bool intr) { int ret; ret = wait_on_bit(&key->flags, KEY_FLAG_USER_CONSTRUCT, intr ? TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE : TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE); if (ret) return -ERESTARTSYS; ret = key_read_state(key); if (ret < 0) return ret; return key_validate(key); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(wait_for_key_construction); /** * request_key_tag - Request a key and wait for construction * @type: Type of key. * @description: The searchable description of the key. * @domain_tag: The domain in which the key operates. * @callout_info: The data to pass to the instantiation upcall (or NULL). * * As for request_key_and_link() except that it does not add the returned key * to a keyring if found, new keys are always allocated in the user's quota, * the callout_info must be a NUL-terminated string and no auxiliary data can * be passed. * * Furthermore, it then works as wait_for_key_construction() to wait for the * completion of keys undergoing construction with a non-interruptible wait. */ struct key *request_key_tag(struct key_type *type, const char *description, struct key_tag *domain_tag, const char *callout_info) { struct key *key; size_t callout_len = 0; int ret; if (callout_info) callout_len = strlen(callout_info); key = request_key_and_link(type, description, domain_tag, callout_info, callout_len, NULL, NULL, KEY_ALLOC_IN_QUOTA); if (!IS_ERR(key)) { ret = wait_for_key_construction(key, false); if (ret < 0) { key_put(key); return ERR_PTR(ret); } } return key; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(request_key_tag); /** * request_key_with_auxdata - Request a key with auxiliary data for the upcaller * @type: The type of key we want. * @description: The searchable description of the key. * @domain_tag: The domain in which the key operates. * @callout_info: The data to pass to the instantiation upcall (or NULL). * @callout_len: The length of callout_info. * @aux: Auxiliary data for the upcall. * * As for request_key_and_link() except that it does not add the returned key * to a keyring if found and new keys are always allocated in the user's quota. * * Furthermore, it then works as wait_for_key_construction() to wait for the * completion of keys undergoing construction with a non-interruptible wait. */ struct key *request_key_with_auxdata(struct key_type *type, const char *description, struct key_tag *domain_tag, const void *callout_info, size_t callout_len, void *aux) { struct key *key; int ret; key = request_key_and_link(type, description, domain_tag, callout_info, callout_len, aux, NULL, KEY_ALLOC_IN_QUOTA); if (!IS_ERR(key)) { ret = wait_for_key_construction(key, false); if (ret < 0) { key_put(key); return ERR_PTR(ret); } } return key; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(request_key_with_auxdata); /** * request_key_rcu - Request key from RCU-read-locked context * @type: The type of key we want. * @description: The name of the key we want. * @domain_tag: The domain in which the key operates. * * Request a key from a context that we may not sleep in (such as RCU-mode * pathwalk). Keys under construction are ignored. * * Return a pointer to the found key if successful, -ENOKEY if we couldn't find * a key or some other error if the key found was unsuitable or inaccessible. */ struct key *request_key_rcu(struct key_type *type, const char *description, struct key_tag *domain_tag) { struct keyring_search_context ctx = { .index_key.type = type, .index_key.domain_tag = domain_tag, .index_key.description = description, .index_key.desc_len = strlen(description), .cred = current_cred(), .match_data.cmp = key_default_cmp, .match_data.raw_data = description, .match_data.lookup_type = KEYRING_SEARCH_LOOKUP_DIRECT, .flags = (KEYRING_SEARCH_DO_STATE_CHECK | KEYRING_SEARCH_SKIP_EXPIRED), }; struct key *key; key_ref_t key_ref; kenter("%s,%s", type->name, description); key = check_cached_key(&ctx); if (key) return key; /* search all the process keyrings for a key */ key_ref = search_process_keyrings_rcu(&ctx); if (IS_ERR(key_ref)) { key = ERR_CAST(key_ref); if (PTR_ERR(key_ref) == -EAGAIN) key = ERR_PTR(-ENOKEY); } else { key = key_ref_to_ptr(key_ref); cache_requested_key(key); } kleave(" = %p", key); return key; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(request_key_rcu);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */ /* * INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX * operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket * interface as the means of communication with the user level. * * Definitions for the UDP module. * * Version: @(#)udp.h 1.0.2 05/07/93 * * Authors: Ross Biro * Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG> * * Fixes: * Alan Cox : Turned on udp checksums. I don't want to * chase 'memory corruption' bugs that aren't! */ #ifndef _UDP_H #define _UDP_H #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <net/inet_sock.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <net/snmp.h> #include <net/ip.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <linux/seq_file.h> #include <linux/poll.h> #include <linux/indirect_call_wrapper.h> /** * struct udp_skb_cb - UDP(-Lite) private variables * * @header: private variables used by IPv4/IPv6 * @cscov: checksum coverage length (UDP-Lite only) * @partial_cov: if set indicates partial csum coverage */ struct udp_skb_cb { union { struct inet_skb_parm h4; #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) struct inet6_skb_parm h6; #endif } header; __u16 cscov; __u8 partial_cov; }; #define UDP_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct udp_skb_cb *)((__skb)->cb)) /** * struct udp_hslot - UDP hash slot * * @head: head of list of sockets * @count: number of sockets in 'head' list * @lock: spinlock protecting changes to head/count */ struct udp_hslot { struct hlist_head head; int count; spinlock_t lock; } __attribute__((aligned(2 * sizeof(long)))); /** * struct udp_table - UDP table * * @hash: hash table, sockets are hashed on (local port) * @hash2: hash table, sockets are hashed on (local port, local address) * @mask: number of slots in hash tables, minus 1 * @log: log2(number of slots in hash table) */ struct udp_table { struct udp_hslot *hash; struct udp_hslot *hash2; unsigned int mask; unsigned int log; }; extern struct udp_table udp_table; void udp_table_init(struct udp_table *, const char *); static inline struct udp_hslot *udp_hashslot(struct udp_table *table, struct net *net, unsigned int num) { return &table->hash[udp_hashfn(net, num, table->mask)]; } /* * For secondary hash, net_hash_mix() is performed before calling * udp_hashslot2(), this explains difference with udp_hashslot() */ static inline struct udp_hslot *udp_hashslot2(struct udp_table *table, unsigned int hash) { return &table->hash2[hash & table->mask]; } extern struct proto udp_prot; extern atomic_long_t udp_memory_allocated; /* sysctl variables for udp */ extern long sysctl_udp_mem[3]; extern int sysctl_udp_rmem_min; extern int sysctl_udp_wmem_min; struct sk_buff; /* * Generic checksumming routines for UDP(-Lite) v4 and v6 */ static inline __sum16 __udp_lib_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov == skb->len ? __skb_checksum_complete(skb) : __skb_checksum_complete_head(skb, UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov)); } static inline int udp_lib_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb_csum_unnecessary(skb) && __udp_lib_checksum_complete(skb); } /** * udp_csum_outgoing - compute UDPv4/v6 checksum over fragments * @sk: socket we are writing to * @skb: sk_buff containing the filled-in UDP header * (checksum field must be zeroed out) */ static inline __wsum udp_csum_outgoing(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb) { __wsum csum = csum_partial(skb_transport_header(skb), sizeof(struct udphdr), 0); skb_queue_walk(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb) { csum = csum_add(csum, skb->csum); } return csum; } static inline __wsum udp_csum(struct sk_buff *skb) { __wsum csum = csum_partial(skb_transport_header(skb), sizeof(struct udphdr), skb->csum); for (skb = skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list; skb; skb = skb->next) { csum = csum_add(csum, skb->csum); } return csum; } static inline __sum16 udp_v4_check(int len, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, __wsum base) { return csum_tcpudp_magic(saddr, daddr, len, IPPROTO_UDP, base); } void udp_set_csum(bool nocheck, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, int len); static inline void udp_csum_pull_header(struct sk_buff *skb) { if (!skb->csum_valid && skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) skb->csum = csum_partial(skb->data, sizeof(struct udphdr), skb->csum); skb_pull_rcsum(skb, sizeof(struct udphdr)); UDP_SKB_CB(skb)->cscov -= sizeof(struct udphdr); } typedef struct sock *(*udp_lookup_t)(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 sport, __be16 dport); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(struct sk_buff *udp4_gro_receive(struct list_head *, struct sk_buff *)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int udp4_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *, int)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(struct sk_buff *udp6_gro_receive(struct list_head *, struct sk_buff *)); INDIRECT_CALLABLE_DECLARE(int udp6_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *, int)); struct sk_buff *udp_gro_receive(struct list_head *head, struct sk_buff *skb, struct udphdr *uh, struct sock *sk); int udp_gro_complete(struct sk_buff *skb, int nhoff, udp_lookup_t lookup); struct sk_buff *__udp_gso_segment(struct sk_buff *gso_skb, netdev_features_t features, bool is_ipv6); static inline struct udphdr *udp_gro_udphdr(struct sk_buff *skb) { struct udphdr *uh; unsigned int hlen, off; off = skb_gro_offset(skb); hlen = off + sizeof(*uh); uh = skb_gro_header_fast(skb, off); if (skb_gro_header_hard(skb, hlen)) uh = skb_gro_header_slow(skb, hlen, off); return uh; } /* hash routines shared between UDPv4/6 and UDP-Litev4/6 */ static inline int udp_lib_hash(struct sock *sk) { BUG(); return 0; } void udp_lib_unhash(struct sock *sk); void udp_lib_rehash(struct sock *sk, u16 new_hash); static inline void udp_lib_close(struct sock *sk, long timeout) { sk_common_release(sk); } int udp_lib_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum, unsigned int hash2_nulladdr); u32 udp_flow_hashrnd(void); static inline __be16 udp_flow_src_port(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, int min, int max, bool use_eth) { u32 hash; if (min >= max) { /* Use default range */ inet_get_local_port_range(net, &min, &max); } hash = skb_get_hash(skb); if (unlikely(!hash)) { if (use_eth) { /* Can't find a normal hash, caller has indicated an * Ethernet packet so use that to compute a hash. */ hash = jhash(skb->data, 2 * ETH_ALEN, (__force u32) skb->protocol); } else { /* Can't derive any sort of hash for the packet, set * to some consistent random value. */ hash = udp_flow_hashrnd(); } } /* Since this is being sent on the wire obfuscate hash a bit * to minimize possbility that any useful information to an * attacker is leaked. Only upper 16 bits are relevant in the * computation for 16 bit port value. */ hash ^= hash << 16; return htons((((u64) hash * (max - min)) >> 32) + min); } static inline int udp_rqueue_get(struct sock *sk) { return sk_rmem_alloc_get(sk) - READ_ONCE(udp_sk(sk)->forward_deficit); } static inline bool udp_sk_bound_dev_eq(struct net *net, int bound_dev_if, int dif, int sdif) { #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NET_L3_MASTER_DEV) return inet_bound_dev_eq(!!net->ipv4.sysctl_udp_l3mdev_accept, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #else return inet_bound_dev_eq(true, bound_dev_if, dif, sdif); #endif } /* net/ipv4/udp.c */ void udp_destruct_sock(struct sock *sk); void skb_consume_udp(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int len); int __udp_enqueue_schedule_skb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); void udp_skb_destructor(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sk_buff *__skb_recv_udp(struct sock *sk, unsigned int flags, int noblock, int *off, int *err); static inline struct sk_buff *skb_recv_udp(struct sock *sk, unsigned int flags, int noblock, int *err) { int off = 0; return __skb_recv_udp(sk, flags, noblock, &off, err); } int udp_v4_early_demux(struct sk_buff *skb); bool udp_sk_rx_dst_set(struct sock *sk, struct dst_entry *dst); int udp_get_port(struct sock *sk, unsigned short snum, int (*saddr_cmp)(const struct sock *, const struct sock *)); int udp_err(struct sk_buff *, u32); int udp_abort(struct sock *sk, int err); int udp_sendmsg(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, size_t len); int udp_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); void udp_flush_pending_frames(struct sock *sk); int udp_cmsg_send(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, u16 *gso_size); void udp4_hwcsum(struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 src, __be32 dst); int udp_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb); int udp_ioctl(struct sock *sk, int cmd, unsigned long arg); int udp_init_sock(struct sock *sk); int udp_pre_connect(struct sock *sk, struct sockaddr *uaddr, int addr_len); int __udp_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags); int udp_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags); __poll_t udp_poll(struct file *file, struct socket *sock, poll_table *wait); struct sk_buff *skb_udp_tunnel_segment(struct sk_buff *skb, netdev_features_t features, bool is_ipv6); int udp_lib_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, char __user *optval, int __user *optlen); int udp_lib_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level, int optname, sockptr_t optval, unsigned int optlen, int (*push_pending_frames)(struct sock *)); struct sock *udp4_lib_lookup(struct net *net, __be32 saddr, __be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif); struct sock *__udp4_lib_lookup(struct net *net, __be32 saddr, __be16 sport, __be32 daddr, __be16 dport, int dif, int sdif, struct udp_table *tbl, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *udp4_lib_lookup_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 sport, __be16 dport); struct sock *udp6_lib_lookup(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *saddr, __be16 sport, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __be16 dport, int dif); struct sock *__udp6_lib_lookup(struct net *net, const struct in6_addr *saddr, __be16 sport, const struct in6_addr *daddr, __be16 dport, int dif, int sdif, struct udp_table *tbl, struct sk_buff *skb); struct sock *udp6_lib_lookup_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, __be16 sport, __be16 dport); /* UDP uses skb->dev_scratch to cache as much information as possible and avoid * possibly multiple cache miss on dequeue() */ struct udp_dev_scratch { /* skb->truesize and the stateless bit are embedded in a single field; * do not use a bitfield since the compiler emits better/smaller code * this way */ u32 _tsize_state; #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* len and the bit needed to compute skb_csum_unnecessary * will be on cold cache lines at recvmsg time. * skb->len can be stored on 16 bits since the udp header has been * already validated and pulled. */ u16 len; bool is_linear; bool csum_unnecessary; #endif }; static inline struct udp_dev_scratch *udp_skb_scratch(struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct udp_dev_scratch *)&skb->dev_scratch; } #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 static inline unsigned int udp_skb_len(struct sk_buff *skb) { return udp_skb_scratch(skb)->len; } static inline bool udp_skb_csum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { return udp_skb_scratch(skb)->csum_unnecessary; } static inline bool udp_skb_is_linear(struct sk_buff *skb) { return udp_skb_scratch(skb)->is_linear; } #else static inline unsigned int udp_skb_len(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb->len; } static inline bool udp_skb_csum_unnecessary(struct sk_buff *skb) { return skb_csum_unnecessary(skb); } static inline bool udp_skb_is_linear(struct sk_buff *skb) { return !skb_is_nonlinear(skb); } #endif static inline int copy_linear_skb(struct sk_buff *skb, int len, int off, struct iov_iter *to) { int n; n = copy_to_iter(skb->data + off, len, to); if (n == len) return 0; iov_iter_revert(to, n); return -EFAULT; } /* * SNMP statistics for UDP and UDP-Lite */ #define UDP_INC_STATS(net, field, is_udplite) do { \ if (is_udplite) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_statistics, field); \ else SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_statistics, field); } while(0) #define __UDP_INC_STATS(net, field, is_udplite) do { \ if (is_udplite) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_statistics, field); \ else __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_statistics, field); } while(0) #define __UDP6_INC_STATS(net, field, is_udplite) do { \ if (is_udplite) __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_stats_in6, field);\ else __SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_stats_in6, field); \ } while(0) #define UDP6_INC_STATS(net, field, __lite) do { \ if (__lite) SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udplite_stats_in6, field); \ else SNMP_INC_STATS((net)->mib.udp_stats_in6, field); \ } while(0) #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) #define __UDPX_MIB(sk, ipv4) \ ({ \ ipv4 ? (IS_UDPLITE(sk) ? sock_net(sk)->mib.udplite_statistics : \ sock_net(sk)->mib.udp_statistics) : \ (IS_UDPLITE(sk) ? sock_net(sk)->mib.udplite_stats_in6 : \ sock_net(sk)->mib.udp_stats_in6); \ }) #else #define __UDPX_MIB(sk, ipv4) \ ({ \ IS_UDPLITE(sk) ? sock_net(sk)->mib.udplite_statistics : \ sock_net(sk)->mib.udp_statistics; \ }) #endif #define __UDPX_INC_STATS(sk, field) \ __SNMP_INC_STATS(__UDPX_MIB(sk, (sk)->sk_family == AF_INET), field) #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS struct udp_seq_afinfo { sa_family_t family; struct udp_table *udp_table; }; struct udp_iter_state { struct seq_net_private p; int bucket; struct udp_seq_afinfo *bpf_seq_afinfo; }; void *udp_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos); void *udp_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos); void udp_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v); extern const struct seq_operations udp_seq_ops; extern const struct seq_operations udp6_seq_ops; int udp4_proc_init(void); void udp4_proc_exit(void); #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ int udpv4_offload_init(void); void udp_init(void); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(udp_encap_needed_key); void udp_encap_enable(void); #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IPV6) DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(udpv6_encap_needed_key); void udpv6_encap_enable(void); #endif static inline struct sk_buff *udp_rcv_segment(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, bool ipv4) { netdev_features_t features = NETIF_F_SG; struct sk_buff *segs; /* Avoid csum recalculation by skb_segment unless userspace explicitly * asks for the final checksum values */ if (!inet_get_convert_csum(sk)) features |= NETIF_F_IP_CSUM | NETIF_F_IPV6_CSUM; /* UDP segmentation expects packets of type CHECKSUM_PARTIAL or * CHECKSUM_NONE in __udp_gso_segment. UDP GRO indeed builds partial * packets in udp_gro_complete_segment. As does UDP GSO, verified by * udp_send_skb. But when those packets are looped in dev_loopback_xmit * their ip_summed CHECKSUM_NONE is changed to CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY. * Reset in this specific case, where PARTIAL is both correct and * required. */ if (skb->pkt_type == PACKET_LOOPBACK) skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL; /* the GSO CB lays after the UDP one, no need to save and restore any * CB fragment */ segs = __skb_gso_segment(skb, features, false); if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(segs)) { int segs_nr = skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs; atomic_add(segs_nr, &sk->sk_drops); SNMP_ADD_STATS(__UDPX_MIB(sk, ipv4), UDP_MIB_INERRORS, segs_nr); kfree_skb(skb); return NULL; } consume_skb(skb); return segs; } #ifdef CONFIG_BPF_STREAM_PARSER struct sk_psock; struct proto *udp_bpf_get_proto(struct sock *sk, struct sk_psock *psock); #endif /* BPF_STREAM_PARSER */ #endif /* _UDP_H */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Variant of atomic_t specialized for reference counts. * * The interface matches the atomic_t interface (to aid in porting) but only * provides the few functions one should use for reference counting. * * Saturation semantics * ==================== * * refcount_t differs from atomic_t in that the counter saturates at * REFCOUNT_SATURATED and will not move once there. This avoids wrapping the * counter and causing 'spurious' use-after-free issues. In order to avoid the * cost associated with introducing cmpxchg() loops into all of the saturating * operations, we temporarily allow the counter to take on an unchecked value * and then explicitly set it to REFCOUNT_SATURATED on detecting that underflow * or overflow has occurred. Although this is racy when multiple threads * access the refcount concurrently, by placing REFCOUNT_SATURATED roughly * equidistant from 0 and INT_MAX we minimise the scope for error: * * INT_MAX REFCOUNT_SATURATED UINT_MAX * 0 (0x7fff_ffff) (0xc000_0000) (0xffff_ffff) * +--------------------------------+----------------+----------------+ * <---------- bad value! ----------> * * (in a signed view of the world, the "bad value" range corresponds to * a negative counter value). * * As an example, consider a refcount_inc() operation that causes the counter * to overflow: * * int old = atomic_fetch_add_relaxed(r); * // old is INT_MAX, refcount now INT_MIN (0x8000_0000) * if (old < 0) * atomic_set(r, REFCOUNT_SATURATED); * * If another thread also performs a refcount_inc() operation between the two * atomic operations, then the count will continue to edge closer to 0. If it * reaches a value of 1 before /any/ of the threads reset it to the saturated * value, then a concurrent refcount_dec_and_test() may erroneously free the * underlying object. * Linux limits the maximum number of tasks to PID_MAX_LIMIT, which is currently * 0x400000 (and can't easily be raised in the future beyond FUTEX_TID_MASK). * With the current PID limit, if no batched refcounting operations are used and * the attacker can't repeatedly trigger kernel oopses in the middle of refcount * operations, this makes it impossible for a saturated refcount to leave the * saturation range, even if it is possible for multiple uses of the same * refcount to nest in the context of a single task: * * (UINT_MAX+1-REFCOUNT_SATURATED) / PID_MAX_LIMIT = * 0x40000000 / 0x400000 = 0x100 = 256 * * If hundreds of references are added/removed with a single refcounting * operation, it may potentially be possible to leave the saturation range; but * given the precise timing details involved with the round-robin scheduling of * each thread manipulating the refcount and the need to hit the race multiple * times in succession, there doesn't appear to be a practical avenue of attack * even if using refcount_add() operations with larger increments. * * Memory ordering * =============== * * Memory ordering rules are slightly relaxed wrt regular atomic_t functions * and provide only what is strictly required for refcounts. * * The increments are fully relaxed; these will not provide ordering. The * rationale is that whatever is used to obtain the object we're increasing the * reference count on will provide the ordering. For locked data structures, * its the lock acquire, for RCU/lockless data structures its the dependent * load. * * Do note that inc_not_zero() provides a control dependency which will order * future stores against the inc, this ensures we'll never modify the object * if we did not in fact acquire a reference. * * The decrements will provide release order, such that all the prior loads and * stores will be issued before, it also provides a control dependency, which * will order us against the subsequent free(). * * The control dependency is against the load of the cmpxchg (ll/sc) that * succeeded. This means the stores aren't fully ordered, but this is fine * because the 1->0 transition indicates no concurrency. * * Note that the allocator is responsible for ordering things between free() * and alloc(). * * The decrements dec_and_test() and sub_and_test() also provide acquire * ordering on success. * */ #ifndef _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H #define _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/limits.h> #include <linux/spinlock_types.h> struct mutex; /** * struct refcount_t - variant of atomic_t specialized for reference counts * @refs: atomic_t counter field * * The counter saturates at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and will not move once * there. This avoids wrapping the counter and causing 'spurious' * use-after-free bugs. */ typedef struct refcount_struct { atomic_t refs; } refcount_t; #define REFCOUNT_INIT(n) { .refs = ATOMIC_INIT(n), } #define REFCOUNT_MAX INT_MAX #define REFCOUNT_SATURATED (INT_MIN / 2) enum refcount_saturation_type { REFCOUNT_ADD_NOT_ZERO_OVF, REFCOUNT_ADD_OVF, REFCOUNT_ADD_UAF, REFCOUNT_SUB_UAF, REFCOUNT_DEC_LEAK, }; void refcount_warn_saturate(refcount_t *r, enum refcount_saturation_type t); /** * refcount_set - set a refcount's value * @r: the refcount * @n: value to which the refcount will be set */ static inline void refcount_set(refcount_t *r, int n) { atomic_set(&r->refs, n); } /** * refcount_read - get a refcount's value * @r: the refcount * * Return: the refcount's value */ static inline unsigned int refcount_read(const refcount_t *r) { return atomic_read(&r->refs); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_add_not_zero(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = refcount_read(r); do { if (!old) break; } while (!atomic_try_cmpxchg_relaxed(&r->refs, &old, old + i)); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(old < 0 || old + i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_NOT_ZERO_OVF); return old; } /** * refcount_add_not_zero - add a value to a refcount unless it is 0 * @i: the value to add to the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_inc(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * increment a reference count. * * Return: false if the passed refcount is 0, true otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_add_not_zero(int i, refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_add_not_zero(i, r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_add(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_add_relaxed(i, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(!old)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_UAF); else if (unlikely(old < 0 || old + i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_ADD_OVF); } /** * refcount_add - add a value to a refcount * @i: the value to add to the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_add(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_inc(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * increment a reference count. */ static inline void refcount_add(int i, refcount_t *r) { __refcount_add(i, r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_inc_not_zero(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { return __refcount_add_not_zero(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_inc_not_zero - increment a refcount unless it is 0 * @r: the refcount to increment * * Similar to atomic_inc_not_zero(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED * and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller has guaranteed the * object memory to be stable (RCU, etc.). It does provide a control dependency * and thereby orders future stores. See the comment on top. * * Return: true if the increment was successful, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_inc_not_zero(refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_inc_not_zero(r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_inc(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { __refcount_add(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_inc - increment a refcount * @r: the refcount to increment * * Similar to atomic_inc(), but will saturate at REFCOUNT_SATURATED and WARN. * * Provides no memory ordering, it is assumed the caller already has a * reference on the object. * * Will WARN if the refcount is 0, as this represents a possible use-after-free * condition. */ static inline void refcount_inc(refcount_t *r) { __refcount_inc(r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_sub_and_test(int i, refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_sub_release(i, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (old == i) { smp_acquire__after_ctrl_dep(); return true; } if (unlikely(old < 0 || old - i < 0)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_SUB_UAF); return false; } /** * refcount_sub_and_test - subtract from a refcount and test if it is 0 * @i: amount to subtract from the refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec_and_test(), but it will WARN, return false and * ultimately leak on underflow and will fail to decrement when saturated * at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before, and provides an acquire ordering on success such that free() * must come after. * * Use of this function is not recommended for the normal reference counting * use case in which references are taken and released one at a time. In these * cases, refcount_dec(), or one of its variants, should instead be used to * decrement a reference count. * * Return: true if the resulting refcount is 0, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_sub_and_test(int i, refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_sub_and_test(i, r, NULL); } static inline __must_check bool __refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { return __refcount_sub_and_test(1, r, oldp); } /** * refcount_dec_and_test - decrement a refcount and test if it is 0 * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec_and_test(), it will WARN on underflow and fail to * decrement when saturated at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before, and provides an acquire ordering on success such that free() * must come after. * * Return: true if the resulting refcount is 0, false otherwise */ static inline __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_test(refcount_t *r) { return __refcount_dec_and_test(r, NULL); } static inline void __refcount_dec(refcount_t *r, int *oldp) { int old = atomic_fetch_sub_release(1, &r->refs); if (oldp) *oldp = old; if (unlikely(old <= 1)) refcount_warn_saturate(r, REFCOUNT_DEC_LEAK); } /** * refcount_dec - decrement a refcount * @r: the refcount * * Similar to atomic_dec(), it will WARN on underflow and fail to decrement * when saturated at REFCOUNT_SATURATED. * * Provides release memory ordering, such that prior loads and stores are done * before. */ static inline void refcount_dec(refcount_t *r) { __refcount_dec(r, NULL); } extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_if_one(refcount_t *r); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_not_one(refcount_t *r); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_mutex_lock(refcount_t *r, struct mutex *lock); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_lock(refcount_t *r, spinlock_t *lock); extern __must_check bool refcount_dec_and_lock_irqsave(refcount_t *r, spinlock_t *lock, unsigned long *flags); #endif /* _LINUX_REFCOUNT_H */
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1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 1228 1229 1230 1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * Implementation of the kernel access vector cache (AVC). * * Authors: Stephen Smalley, <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> * James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> * * Update: KaiGai, Kohei <kaigai@ak.jp.nec.com> * Replaced the avc_lock spinlock by RCU. * * Copyright (C) 2003 Red Hat, Inc., James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com> */ #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/stddef.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/dcache.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <net/sock.h> #include <linux/un.h> #include <net/af_unix.h> #include <linux/ip.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/ipv6.h> #include <net/ipv6.h> #include "avc.h" #include "avc_ss.h" #include "classmap.h" #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/avc.h> #define AVC_CACHE_SLOTS 512 #define AVC_DEF_CACHE_THRESHOLD 512 #define AVC_CACHE_RECLAIM 16 #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS #define avc_cache_stats_incr(field) this_cpu_inc(avc_cache_stats.field) #else #define avc_cache_stats_incr(field) do {} while (0) #endif struct avc_entry { u32 ssid; u32 tsid; u16 tclass; struct av_decision avd; struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; }; struct avc_node { struct avc_entry ae; struct hlist_node list; /* anchored in avc_cache->slots[i] */ struct rcu_head rhead; }; struct avc_xperms_decision_node { struct extended_perms_decision xpd; struct list_head xpd_list; /* list of extended_perms_decision */ }; struct avc_xperms_node { struct extended_perms xp; struct list_head xpd_head; /* list head of extended_perms_decision */ }; struct avc_cache { struct hlist_head slots[AVC_CACHE_SLOTS]; /* head for avc_node->list */ spinlock_t slots_lock[AVC_CACHE_SLOTS]; /* lock for writes */ atomic_t lru_hint; /* LRU hint for reclaim scan */ atomic_t active_nodes; u32 latest_notif; /* latest revocation notification */ }; struct avc_callback_node { int (*callback) (u32 event); u32 events; struct avc_callback_node *next; }; #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SELINUX_AVC_STATS DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct avc_cache_stats, avc_cache_stats) = { 0 }; #endif struct selinux_avc { unsigned int avc_cache_threshold; struct avc_cache avc_cache; }; static struct selinux_avc selinux_avc; void selinux_avc_init(struct selinux_avc **avc) { int i; selinux_avc.avc_cache_threshold = AVC_DEF_CACHE_THRESHOLD; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.slots[i]); spin_lock_init(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.slots_lock[i]); } atomic_set(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.active_nodes, 0); atomic_set(&selinux_avc.avc_cache.lru_hint, 0); *avc = &selinux_avc; } unsigned int avc_get_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc) { return avc->avc_cache_threshold; } void avc_set_cache_threshold(struct selinux_avc *avc, unsigned int cache_threshold) { avc->avc_cache_threshold = cache_threshold; } static struct avc_callback_node *avc_callbacks; static struct kmem_cache *avc_node_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_data_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_decision_cachep; static struct kmem_cache *avc_xperms_cachep; static inline int avc_hash(u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { return (ssid ^ (tsid<<2) ^ (tclass<<4)) & (AVC_CACHE_SLOTS - 1); } /** * avc_init - Initialize the AVC. * * Initialize the access vector cache. */ void __init avc_init(void) { avc_node_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_node", sizeof(struct avc_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_xperms_node", sizeof(struct avc_xperms_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_decision_cachep = kmem_cache_create( "avc_xperms_decision_node", sizeof(struct avc_xperms_decision_node), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); avc_xperms_data_cachep = kmem_cache_create("avc_xperms_data", sizeof(struct extended_perms_data), 0, SLAB_PANIC, NULL); } int avc_get_hash_stats(struct selinux_avc *avc, char *page) { int i, chain_len, max_chain_len, slots_used; struct avc_node *node; struct hlist_head *head; rcu_read_lock(); slots_used = 0; max_chain_len = 0; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[i]; if (!hlist_empty(head)) { slots_used++; chain_len = 0; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(node, head, list) chain_len++; if (chain_len > max_chain_len) max_chain_len = chain_len; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return scnprintf(page, PAGE_SIZE, "entries: %d\nbuckets used: %d/%d\n" "longest chain: %d\n", atomic_read(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes), slots_used, AVC_CACHE_SLOTS, max_chain_len); } /* * using a linked list for extended_perms_decision lookup because the list is * always small. i.e. less than 5, typically 1 */ static struct extended_perms_decision *avc_xperms_decision_lookup(u8 driver, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node; list_for_each_entry(xpd_node, &xp_node->xpd_head, xpd_list) { if (xpd_node->xpd.driver == driver) return &xpd_node->xpd; } return NULL; } static inline unsigned int avc_xperms_has_perm(struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, u8 which) { unsigned int rc = 0; if ((which == XPERMS_ALLOWED) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->allowed->p, perm); else if ((which == XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->auditallow->p, perm); else if ((which == XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) && (xpd->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT)) rc = security_xperm_test(xpd->dontaudit->p, perm); return rc; } static void avc_xperms_allow_perm(struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node, u8 driver, u8 perm) { struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; security_xperm_set(xp_node->xp.drivers.p, driver); xpd = avc_xperms_decision_lookup(driver, xp_node); if (xpd && xpd->allowed) security_xperm_set(xpd->allowed->p, perm); } static void avc_xperms_decision_free(struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node) { struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; xpd = &xpd_node->xpd; if (xpd->allowed) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->allowed); if (xpd->auditallow) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->auditallow); if (xpd->dontaudit) kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_data_cachep, xpd->dontaudit); kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_decision_cachep, xpd_node); } static void avc_xperms_free(struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node, *tmp; if (!xp_node) return; list_for_each_entry_safe(xpd_node, tmp, &xp_node->xpd_head, xpd_list) { list_del(&xpd_node->xpd_list); avc_xperms_decision_free(xpd_node); } kmem_cache_free(avc_xperms_cachep, xp_node); } static void avc_copy_xperms_decision(struct extended_perms_decision *dest, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { dest->driver = src->driver; dest->used = src->used; if (dest->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED) memcpy(dest->allowed->p, src->allowed->p, sizeof(src->allowed->p)); if (dest->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) memcpy(dest->auditallow->p, src->auditallow->p, sizeof(src->auditallow->p)); if (dest->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) memcpy(dest->dontaudit->p, src->dontaudit->p, sizeof(src->dontaudit->p)); } /* * similar to avc_copy_xperms_decision, but only copy decision * information relevant to this perm */ static inline void avc_quick_copy_xperms_decision(u8 perm, struct extended_perms_decision *dest, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { /* * compute index of the u32 of the 256 bits (8 u32s) that contain this * command permission */ u8 i = perm >> 5; dest->used = src->used; if (dest->used & XPERMS_ALLOWED) dest->allowed->p[i] = src->allowed->p[i]; if (dest->used & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) dest->auditallow->p[i] = src->auditallow->p[i]; if (dest->used & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) dest->dontaudit->p[i] = src->dontaudit->p[i]; } static struct avc_xperms_decision_node *avc_xperms_decision_alloc(u8 which) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *xpd_node; struct extended_perms_decision *xpd; xpd_node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_decision_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd_node) return NULL; xpd = &xpd_node->xpd; if (which & XPERMS_ALLOWED) { xpd->allowed = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->allowed) goto error; } if (which & XPERMS_AUDITALLOW) { xpd->auditallow = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->auditallow) goto error; } if (which & XPERMS_DONTAUDIT) { xpd->dontaudit = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_data_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xpd->dontaudit) goto error; } return xpd_node; error: avc_xperms_decision_free(xpd_node); return NULL; } static int avc_add_xperms_decision(struct avc_node *node, struct extended_perms_decision *src) { struct avc_xperms_decision_node *dest_xpd; node->ae.xp_node->xp.len++; dest_xpd = avc_xperms_decision_alloc(src->used); if (!dest_xpd) return -ENOMEM; avc_copy_xperms_decision(&dest_xpd->xpd, src); list_add(&dest_xpd->xpd_list, &node->ae.xp_node->xpd_head); return 0; } static struct avc_xperms_node *avc_xperms_alloc(void) { struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; xp_node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_xperms_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!xp_node) return xp_node; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xp_node->xpd_head); return xp_node; } static int avc_xperms_populate(struct avc_node *node, struct avc_xperms_node *src) { struct avc_xperms_node *dest; struct avc_xperms_decision_node *dest_xpd; struct avc_xperms_decision_node *src_xpd; if (src->xp.len == 0) return 0; dest = avc_xperms_alloc(); if (!dest) return -ENOMEM; memcpy(dest->xp.drivers.p, src->xp.drivers.p, sizeof(dest->xp.drivers.p)); dest->xp.len = src->xp.len; /* for each source xpd allocate a destination xpd and copy */ list_for_each_entry(src_xpd, &src->xpd_head, xpd_list) { dest_xpd = avc_xperms_decision_alloc(src_xpd->xpd.used); if (!dest_xpd) goto error; avc_copy_xperms_decision(&dest_xpd->xpd, &src_xpd->xpd); list_add(&dest_xpd->xpd_list, &dest->xpd_head); } node->ae.xp_node = dest; return 0; error: avc_xperms_free(dest); return -ENOMEM; } static inline u32 avc_xperms_audit_required(u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, int result, u32 *deniedp) { u32 denied, audited; denied = requested & ~avd->allowed; if (unlikely(denied)) { audited = denied & avd->auditdeny; if (audited && xpd) { if (avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, perm, XPERMS_DONTAUDIT)) audited &= ~requested; } } else if (result) { audited = denied = requested; } else { audited = requested & avd->auditallow; if (audited && xpd) { if (!avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, perm, XPERMS_AUDITALLOW)) audited &= ~requested; } } *deniedp = denied; return audited; } static inline int avc_xperms_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct av_decision *avd, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u8 perm, int result, struct common_audit_data *ad) { u32 audited, denied; audited = avc_xperms_audit_required( requested, avd, xpd, perm, result, &denied); if (likely(!audited)) return 0; return slow_avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, audited, denied, result, ad); } static void avc_node_free(struct rcu_head *rhead) { struct avc_node *node = container_of(rhead, struct avc_node, rhead); avc_xperms_free(node->ae.xp_node); kmem_cache_free(avc_node_cachep, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(frees); } static void avc_node_delete(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *node) { hlist_del_rcu(&node->list); call_rcu(&node->rhead, avc_node_free); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static void avc_node_kill(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *node) { avc_xperms_free(node->ae.xp_node); kmem_cache_free(avc_node_cachep, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(frees); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static void avc_node_replace(struct selinux_avc *avc, struct avc_node *new, struct avc_node *old) { hlist_replace_rcu(&old->list, &new->list); call_rcu(&old->rhead, avc_node_free); atomic_dec(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes); } static inline int avc_reclaim_node(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct avc_node *node; int hvalue, try, ecx; unsigned long flags; struct hlist_head *head; spinlock_t *lock; for (try = 0, ecx = 0; try < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; try++) { hvalue = atomic_inc_return(&avc->avc_cache.lru_hint) & (AVC_CACHE_SLOTS - 1); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; if (!spin_trylock_irqsave(lock, flags)) continue; rcu_read_lock(); hlist_for_each_entry(node, head, list) { avc_node_delete(avc, node); avc_cache_stats_incr(reclaims); ecx++; if (ecx >= AVC_CACHE_RECLAIM) { rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); goto out; } } rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); } out: return ecx; } static struct avc_node *avc_alloc_node(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct avc_node *node; node = kmem_cache_zalloc(avc_node_cachep, GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN); if (!node) goto out; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&node->list); avc_cache_stats_incr(allocations); if (atomic_inc_return(&avc->avc_cache.active_nodes) > avc->avc_cache_threshold) avc_reclaim_node(avc); out: return node; } static void avc_node_populate(struct avc_node *node, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd) { node->ae.ssid = ssid; node->ae.tsid = tsid; node->ae.tclass = tclass; memcpy(&node->ae.avd, avd, sizeof(node->ae.avd)); } static inline struct avc_node *avc_search_node(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { struct avc_node *node, *ret = NULL; int hvalue; struct hlist_head *head; hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(node, head, list) { if (ssid == node->ae.ssid && tclass == node->ae.tclass && tsid == node->ae.tsid) { ret = node; break; } } return ret; } /** * avc_lookup - Look up an AVC entry. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * * Look up an AVC entry that is valid for the * (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass. If a valid AVC entry exists, * then this function returns the avc_node. * Otherwise, this function returns NULL. */ static struct avc_node *avc_lookup(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass) { struct avc_node *node; avc_cache_stats_incr(lookups); node = avc_search_node(avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (node) return node; avc_cache_stats_incr(misses); return NULL; } static int avc_latest_notif_update(struct selinux_avc *avc, int seqno, int is_insert) { int ret = 0; static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(notif_lock); unsigned long flag; spin_lock_irqsave(&notif_lock, flag); if (is_insert) { if (seqno < avc->avc_cache.latest_notif) { pr_warn("SELinux: avc: seqno %d < latest_notif %d\n", seqno, avc->avc_cache.latest_notif); ret = -EAGAIN; } } else { if (seqno > avc->avc_cache.latest_notif) avc->avc_cache.latest_notif = seqno; } spin_unlock_irqrestore(&notif_lock, flag); return ret; } /** * avc_insert - Insert an AVC entry. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @avd: resulting av decision * @xp_node: resulting extended permissions * * Insert an AVC entry for the SID pair * (@ssid, @tsid) and class @tclass. * The access vectors and the sequence number are * normally provided by the security server in * response to a security_compute_av() call. If the * sequence number @avd->seqno is not less than the latest * revocation notification, then the function copies * the access vectors into a cache entry, returns * avc_node inserted. Otherwise, this function returns NULL. */ static struct avc_node *avc_insert(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { struct avc_node *pos, *node = NULL; int hvalue; unsigned long flag; spinlock_t *lock; struct hlist_head *head; if (avc_latest_notif_update(avc, avd->seqno, 1)) return NULL; node = avc_alloc_node(avc); if (!node) return NULL; avc_node_populate(node, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd); if (avc_xperms_populate(node, xp_node)) { avc_node_kill(avc, node); return NULL; } hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, list) { if (pos->ae.ssid == ssid && pos->ae.tsid == tsid && pos->ae.tclass == tclass) { avc_node_replace(avc, node, pos); goto found; } } hlist_add_head_rcu(&node->list, head); found: spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); return node; } /** * avc_audit_pre_callback - SELinux specific information * will be called by generic audit code * @ab: the audit buffer * @a: audit_data */ static void avc_audit_pre_callback(struct audit_buffer *ab, void *a) { struct common_audit_data *ad = a; struct selinux_audit_data *sad = ad->selinux_audit_data; u32 av = sad->audited; const char **perms; int i, perm; audit_log_format(ab, "avc: %s ", sad->denied ? "denied" : "granted"); if (av == 0) { audit_log_format(ab, " null"); return; } perms = secclass_map[sad->tclass-1].perms; audit_log_format(ab, " {"); i = 0; perm = 1; while (i < (sizeof(av) * 8)) { if ((perm & av) && perms[i]) { audit_log_format(ab, " %s", perms[i]); av &= ~perm; } i++; perm <<= 1; } if (av) audit_log_format(ab, " 0x%x", av); audit_log_format(ab, " } for "); } /** * avc_audit_post_callback - SELinux specific information * will be called by generic audit code * @ab: the audit buffer * @a: audit_data */ static void avc_audit_post_callback(struct audit_buffer *ab, void *a) { struct common_audit_data *ad = a; struct selinux_audit_data *sad = ad->selinux_audit_data; char *scontext = NULL; char *tcontext = NULL; const char *tclass = NULL; u32 scontext_len; u32 tcontext_len; int rc; rc = security_sid_to_context(sad->state, sad->ssid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (rc) audit_log_format(ab, " ssid=%d", sad->ssid); else audit_log_format(ab, " scontext=%s", scontext); rc = security_sid_to_context(sad->state, sad->tsid, &tcontext, &tcontext_len); if (rc) audit_log_format(ab, " tsid=%d", sad->tsid); else audit_log_format(ab, " tcontext=%s", tcontext); tclass = secclass_map[sad->tclass-1].name; audit_log_format(ab, " tclass=%s", tclass); if (sad->denied) audit_log_format(ab, " permissive=%u", sad->result ? 0 : 1); trace_selinux_audited(sad, scontext, tcontext, tclass); kfree(tcontext); kfree(scontext); /* in case of invalid context report also the actual context string */ rc = security_sid_to_context_inval(sad->state, sad->ssid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (!rc && scontext) { if (scontext_len && scontext[scontext_len - 1] == '\0') scontext_len--; audit_log_format(ab, " srawcon="); audit_log_n_untrustedstring(ab, scontext, scontext_len); kfree(scontext); } rc = security_sid_to_context_inval(sad->state, sad->tsid, &scontext, &scontext_len); if (!rc && scontext) { if (scontext_len && scontext[scontext_len - 1] == '\0') scontext_len--; audit_log_format(ab, " trawcon="); audit_log_n_untrustedstring(ab, scontext, scontext_len); kfree(scontext); } } /* This is the slow part of avc audit with big stack footprint */ noinline int slow_avc_audit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u32 audited, u32 denied, int result, struct common_audit_data *a) { struct common_audit_data stack_data; struct selinux_audit_data sad; if (WARN_ON(!tclass || tclass >= ARRAY_SIZE(secclass_map))) return -EINVAL; if (!a) { a = &stack_data; a->type = LSM_AUDIT_DATA_NONE; } sad.tclass = tclass; sad.requested = requested; sad.ssid = ssid; sad.tsid = tsid; sad.audited = audited; sad.denied = denied; sad.result = result; sad.state = state; a->selinux_audit_data = &sad; common_lsm_audit(a, avc_audit_pre_callback, avc_audit_post_callback); return 0; } /** * avc_add_callback - Register a callback for security events. * @callback: callback function * @events: security events * * Register a callback function for events in the set @events. * Returns %0 on success or -%ENOMEM if insufficient memory * exists to add the callback. */ int __init avc_add_callback(int (*callback)(u32 event), u32 events) { struct avc_callback_node *c; int rc = 0; c = kmalloc(sizeof(*c), GFP_KERNEL); if (!c) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out; } c->callback = callback; c->events = events; c->next = avc_callbacks; avc_callbacks = c; out: return rc; } /** * avc_update_node Update an AVC entry * @event : Updating event * @perms : Permission mask bits * @ssid,@tsid,@tclass : identifier of an AVC entry * @seqno : sequence number when decision was made * @xpd: extended_perms_decision to be added to the node * @flags: the AVC_* flags, e.g. AVC_NONBLOCKING, AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS, or 0. * * if a valid AVC entry doesn't exist,this function returns -ENOENT. * if kmalloc() called internal returns NULL, this function returns -ENOMEM. * otherwise, this function updates the AVC entry. The original AVC-entry object * will release later by RCU. */ static int avc_update_node(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 event, u32 perms, u8 driver, u8 xperm, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 seqno, struct extended_perms_decision *xpd, u32 flags) { int hvalue, rc = 0; unsigned long flag; struct avc_node *pos, *node, *orig = NULL; struct hlist_head *head; spinlock_t *lock; /* * If we are in a non-blocking code path, e.g. VFS RCU walk, * then we must not add permissions to a cache entry * because we will not audit the denial. Otherwise, * during the subsequent blocking retry (e.g. VFS ref walk), we * will find the permissions already granted in the cache entry * and won't audit anything at all, leading to silent denials in * permissive mode that only appear when in enforcing mode. * * See the corresponding handling of MAY_NOT_BLOCK in avc_audit() * and selinux_inode_permission(). */ if (flags & AVC_NONBLOCKING) return 0; node = avc_alloc_node(avc); if (!node) { rc = -ENOMEM; goto out; } /* Lock the target slot */ hvalue = avc_hash(ssid, tsid, tclass); head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[hvalue]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[hvalue]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); hlist_for_each_entry(pos, head, list) { if (ssid == pos->ae.ssid && tsid == pos->ae.tsid && tclass == pos->ae.tclass && seqno == pos->ae.avd.seqno){ orig = pos; break; } } if (!orig) { rc = -ENOENT; avc_node_kill(avc, node); goto out_unlock; } /* * Copy and replace original node. */ avc_node_populate(node, ssid, tsid, tclass, &orig->ae.avd); if (orig->ae.xp_node) { rc = avc_xperms_populate(node, orig->ae.xp_node); if (rc) { avc_node_kill(avc, node); goto out_unlock; } } switch (event) { case AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT: node->ae.avd.allowed |= perms; if (node->ae.xp_node && (flags & AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS)) avc_xperms_allow_perm(node->ae.xp_node, driver, xperm); break; case AVC_CALLBACK_TRY_REVOKE: case AVC_CALLBACK_REVOKE: node->ae.avd.allowed &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_ENABLE: node->ae.avd.auditallow |= perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITALLOW_DISABLE: node->ae.avd.auditallow &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_ENABLE: node->ae.avd.auditdeny |= perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_AUDITDENY_DISABLE: node->ae.avd.auditdeny &= ~perms; break; case AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS: avc_add_xperms_decision(node, xpd); break; } avc_node_replace(avc, node, orig); out_unlock: spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); out: return rc; } /** * avc_flush - Flush the cache */ static void avc_flush(struct selinux_avc *avc) { struct hlist_head *head; struct avc_node *node; spinlock_t *lock; unsigned long flag; int i; for (i = 0; i < AVC_CACHE_SLOTS; i++) { head = &avc->avc_cache.slots[i]; lock = &avc->avc_cache.slots_lock[i]; spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flag); /* * With preemptable RCU, the outer spinlock does not * prevent RCU grace periods from ending. */ rcu_read_lock(); hlist_for_each_entry(node, head, list) avc_node_delete(avc, node); rcu_read_unlock(); spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flag); } } /** * avc_ss_reset - Flush the cache and revalidate migrated permissions. * @seqno: policy sequence number */ int avc_ss_reset(struct selinux_avc *avc, u32 seqno) { struct avc_callback_node *c; int rc = 0, tmprc; avc_flush(avc); for (c = avc_callbacks; c; c = c->next) { if (c->events & AVC_CALLBACK_RESET) { tmprc = c->callback(AVC_CALLBACK_RESET); /* save the first error encountered for the return value and continue processing the callbacks */ if (!rc) rc = tmprc; } } avc_latest_notif_update(avc, seqno, 0); return rc; } /* * Slow-path helper function for avc_has_perm_noaudit, * when the avc_node lookup fails. We get called with * the RCU read lock held, and need to return with it * still held, but drop if for the security compute. * * Don't inline this, since it's the slow-path and just * results in a bigger stack frame. */ static noinline struct avc_node *avc_compute_av(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, struct av_decision *avd, struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node) { rcu_read_unlock(); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xp_node->xpd_head); security_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, &xp_node->xp); rcu_read_lock(); return avc_insert(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, xp_node); } static noinline int avc_denied(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 xperm, unsigned int flags, struct av_decision *avd) { if (flags & AVC_STRICT) return -EACCES; if (enforcing_enabled(state) && !(avd->flags & AVD_FLAGS_PERMISSIVE)) return -EACCES; avc_update_node(state->avc, AVC_CALLBACK_GRANT, requested, driver, xperm, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd->seqno, NULL, flags); return 0; } /* * The avc extended permissions logic adds an additional 256 bits of * permissions to an avc node when extended permissions for that node are * specified in the avtab. If the additional 256 permissions is not adequate, * as-is the case with ioctls, then multiple may be chained together and the * driver field is used to specify which set contains the permission. */ int avc_has_extended_perms(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, u8 driver, u8 xperm, struct common_audit_data *ad) { struct avc_node *node; struct av_decision avd; u32 denied; struct extended_perms_decision local_xpd; struct extended_perms_decision *xpd = NULL; struct extended_perms_data allowed; struct extended_perms_data auditallow; struct extended_perms_data dontaudit; struct avc_xperms_node local_xp_node; struct avc_xperms_node *xp_node; int rc = 0, rc2; xp_node = &local_xp_node; if (WARN_ON(!requested)) return -EACCES; rcu_read_lock(); node = avc_lookup(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (unlikely(!node)) { node = avc_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, &avd, xp_node); } else { memcpy(&avd, &node->ae.avd, sizeof(avd)); xp_node = node->ae.xp_node; } /* if extended permissions are not defined, only consider av_decision */ if (!xp_node || !xp_node->xp.len) goto decision; local_xpd.allowed = &allowed; local_xpd.auditallow = &auditallow; local_xpd.dontaudit = &dontaudit; xpd = avc_xperms_decision_lookup(driver, xp_node); if (unlikely(!xpd)) { /* * Compute the extended_perms_decision only if the driver * is flagged */ if (!security_xperm_test(xp_node->xp.drivers.p, driver)) { avd.allowed &= ~requested; goto decision; } rcu_read_unlock(); security_compute_xperms_decision(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, driver, &local_xpd); rcu_read_lock(); avc_update_node(state->avc, AVC_CALLBACK_ADD_XPERMS, requested, driver, xperm, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd.seqno, &local_xpd, 0); } else { avc_quick_copy_xperms_decision(xperm, &local_xpd, xpd); } xpd = &local_xpd; if (!avc_xperms_has_perm(xpd, xperm, XPERMS_ALLOWED)) avd.allowed &= ~requested; decision: denied = requested & ~(avd.allowed); if (unlikely(denied)) rc = avc_denied(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, driver, xperm, AVC_EXTENDED_PERMS, &avd); rcu_read_unlock(); rc2 = avc_xperms_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, xpd, xperm, rc, ad); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } /** * avc_has_perm_noaudit - Check permissions but perform no auditing. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions, interpreted based on @tclass * @flags: AVC_STRICT, AVC_NONBLOCKING, or 0 * @avd: access vector decisions * * Check the AVC to determine whether the @requested permissions are granted * for the SID pair (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass, and call the security server on a cache miss to obtain * a new decision and add it to the cache. Return a copy of the decisions * in @avd. Return %0 if all @requested permissions are granted, * -%EACCES if any permissions are denied, or another -errno upon * other errors. This function is typically called by avc_has_perm(), * but may also be called directly to separate permission checking from * auditing, e.g. in cases where a lock must be held for the check but * should be released for the auditing. */ inline int avc_has_perm_noaudit(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, unsigned int flags, struct av_decision *avd) { struct avc_node *node; struct avc_xperms_node xp_node; int rc = 0; u32 denied; if (WARN_ON(!requested)) return -EACCES; rcu_read_lock(); node = avc_lookup(state->avc, ssid, tsid, tclass); if (unlikely(!node)) node = avc_compute_av(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, avd, &xp_node); else memcpy(avd, &node->ae.avd, sizeof(*avd)); denied = requested & ~(avd->allowed); if (unlikely(denied)) rc = avc_denied(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, 0, 0, flags, avd); rcu_read_unlock(); return rc; } /** * avc_has_perm - Check permissions and perform any appropriate auditing. * @ssid: source security identifier * @tsid: target security identifier * @tclass: target security class * @requested: requested permissions, interpreted based on @tclass * @auditdata: auxiliary audit data * * Check the AVC to determine whether the @requested permissions are granted * for the SID pair (@ssid, @tsid), interpreting the permissions * based on @tclass, and call the security server on a cache miss to obtain * a new decision and add it to the cache. Audit the granting or denial of * permissions in accordance with the policy. Return %0 if all @requested * permissions are granted, -%EACCES if any permissions are denied, or * another -errno upon other errors. */ int avc_has_perm(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata) { struct av_decision avd; int rc, rc2; rc = avc_has_perm_noaudit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, 0, &avd); rc2 = avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, rc, auditdata, 0); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } int avc_has_perm_flags(struct selinux_state *state, u32 ssid, u32 tsid, u16 tclass, u32 requested, struct common_audit_data *auditdata, int flags) { struct av_decision avd; int rc, rc2; rc = avc_has_perm_noaudit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, (flags & MAY_NOT_BLOCK) ? AVC_NONBLOCKING : 0, &avd); rc2 = avc_audit(state, ssid, tsid, tclass, requested, &avd, rc, auditdata, flags); if (rc2) return rc2; return rc; } u32 avc_policy_seqno(struct selinux_state *state) { return state->avc->avc_cache.latest_notif; } void avc_disable(void) { /* * If you are looking at this because you have realized that we are * not destroying the avc_node_cachep it might be easy to fix, but * I don't know the memory barrier semantics well enough to know. It's * possible that some other task dereferenced security_ops when * it still pointed to selinux operations. If that is the case it's * possible that it is about to use the avc and is about to need the * avc_node_cachep. I know I could wrap the security.c security_ops call * in an rcu_lock, but seriously, it's not worth it. Instead I just flush * the cache and get that memory back. */ if (avc_node_cachep) { avc_flush(selinux_state.avc); /* kmem_cache_destroy(avc_node_cachep); */ } }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_FS_NOTIFY_H #define _LINUX_FS_NOTIFY_H /* * include/linux/fsnotify.h - generic hooks for filesystem notification, to * reduce in-source duplication from both dnotify and inotify. * * We don't compile any of this away in some complicated menagerie of ifdefs. * Instead, we rely on the code inside to optimize away as needed. * * (C) Copyright 2005 Robert Love */ #include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/bug.h> /* * Notify this @dir inode about a change in a child directory entry. * The directory entry may have turned positive or negative or its inode may * have changed (i.e. renamed over). * * Unlike fsnotify_parent(), the event will be reported regardless of the * FS_EVENT_ON_CHILD mask on the parent inode and will not be reported if only * the child is interested and not the parent. */ static inline void fsnotify_name(struct inode *dir, __u32 mask, struct inode *child, const struct qstr *name, u32 cookie) { fsnotify(mask, child, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE, dir, name, NULL, cookie); } static inline void fsnotify_dirent(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask) { fsnotify_name(dir, mask, d_inode(dentry), &dentry->d_name, 0); } static inline void fsnotify_inode(struct inode *inode, __u32 mask) { if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) mask |= FS_ISDIR; fsnotify(mask, inode, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE, NULL, NULL, inode, 0); } /* Notify this dentry's parent about a child's events. */ static inline int fsnotify_parent(struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask, const void *data, int data_type) { struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry); if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode)) { mask |= FS_ISDIR; /* sb/mount marks are not interested in name of directory */ if (!(dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_FSNOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED)) goto notify_child; } /* disconnected dentry cannot notify parent */ if (IS_ROOT(dentry)) goto notify_child; return __fsnotify_parent(dentry, mask, data, data_type); notify_child: return fsnotify(mask, data, data_type, NULL, NULL, inode, 0); } /* * Simple wrappers to consolidate calls to fsnotify_parent() when an event * is on a file/dentry. */ static inline void fsnotify_dentry(struct dentry *dentry, __u32 mask) { fsnotify_parent(dentry, mask, d_inode(dentry), FSNOTIFY_EVENT_INODE); } static inline int fsnotify_file(struct file *file, __u32 mask) { const struct path *path = &file->f_path; if (file->f_mode & FMODE_NONOTIFY) return 0; return fsnotify_parent(path->dentry, mask, path, FSNOTIFY_EVENT_PATH); } /* Simple call site for access decisions */ static inline int fsnotify_perm(struct file *file, int mask) { int ret; __u32 fsnotify_mask = 0; if (!(mask & (MAY_READ | MAY_OPEN))) return 0; if (mask & MAY_OPEN) { fsnotify_mask = FS_OPEN_PERM; if (file->f_flags & __FMODE_EXEC) { ret = fsnotify_file(file, FS_OPEN_EXEC_PERM); if (ret) return ret; } } else if (mask & MAY_READ) { fsnotify_mask = FS_ACCESS_PERM; } return fsnotify_file(file, fsnotify_mask); } /* * fsnotify_link_count - inode's link count changed */ static inline void fsnotify_link_count(struct inode *inode) { fsnotify_inode(inode, FS_ATTRIB); } /* * fsnotify_move - file old_name at old_dir was moved to new_name at new_dir */ static inline void fsnotify_move(struct inode *old_dir, struct inode *new_dir, const struct qstr *old_name, int isdir, struct inode *target, struct dentry *moved) { struct inode *source = moved->d_inode; u32 fs_cookie = fsnotify_get_cookie(); __u32 old_dir_mask = FS_MOVED_FROM; __u32 new_dir_mask = FS_MOVED_TO; const struct qstr *new_name = &moved->d_name; if (old_dir == new_dir) old_dir_mask |= FS_DN_RENAME; if (isdir) { old_dir_mask |= FS_ISDIR; new_dir_mask |= FS_ISDIR; } fsnotify_name(old_dir, old_dir_mask, source, old_name, fs_cookie); fsnotify_name(new_dir, new_dir_mask, source, new_name, fs_cookie); if (target) fsnotify_link_count(target); fsnotify_inode(source, FS_MOVE_SELF); audit_inode_child(new_dir, moved, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); } /* * fsnotify_inode_delete - and inode is being evicted from cache, clean up is needed */ static inline void fsnotify_inode_delete(struct inode *inode) { __fsnotify_inode_delete(inode); } /* * fsnotify_vfsmount_delete - a vfsmount is being destroyed, clean up is needed */ static inline void fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(struct vfsmount *mnt) { __fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(mnt); } /* * fsnotify_inoderemove - an inode is going away */ static inline void fsnotify_inoderemove(struct inode *inode) { fsnotify_inode(inode, FS_DELETE_SELF); __fsnotify_inode_delete(inode); } /* * fsnotify_create - 'name' was linked in */ static inline void fsnotify_create(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { audit_inode_child(inode, dentry, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); fsnotify_dirent(inode, dentry, FS_CREATE); } /* * fsnotify_link - new hardlink in 'inode' directory * Note: We have to pass also the linked inode ptr as some filesystems leave * new_dentry->d_inode NULL and instantiate inode pointer later */ static inline void fsnotify_link(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode, struct dentry *new_dentry) { fsnotify_link_count(inode); audit_inode_child(dir, new_dentry, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); fsnotify_name(dir, FS_CREATE, inode, &new_dentry->d_name, 0); } /* * fsnotify_unlink - 'name' was unlinked * * Caller must make sure that dentry->d_name is stable. */ static inline void fsnotify_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { /* Expected to be called before d_delete() */ WARN_ON_ONCE(d_is_negative(dentry)); fsnotify_dirent(dir, dentry, FS_DELETE); } /* * fsnotify_mkdir - directory 'name' was created */ static inline void fsnotify_mkdir(struct inode *inode, struct dentry *dentry) { audit_inode_child(inode, dentry, AUDIT_TYPE_CHILD_CREATE); fsnotify_dirent(inode, dentry, FS_CREATE | FS_ISDIR); } /* * fsnotify_rmdir - directory 'name' was removed * * Caller must make sure that dentry->d_name is stable. */ static inline void fsnotify_rmdir(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry) { /* Expected to be called before d_delete() */ WARN_ON_ONCE(d_is_negative(dentry)); fsnotify_dirent(dir, dentry, FS_DELETE | FS_ISDIR); } /* * fsnotify_access - file was read */ static inline void fsnotify_access(struct file *file) { fsnotify_file(file, FS_ACCESS); } /* * fsnotify_modify - file was modified */ static inline void fsnotify_modify(struct file *file) { fsnotify_file(file, FS_MODIFY); } /* * fsnotify_open - file was opened */ static inline void fsnotify_open(struct file *file) { __u32 mask = FS_OPEN; if (file->f_flags & __FMODE_EXEC) mask |= FS_OPEN_EXEC; fsnotify_file(file, mask); } /* * fsnotify_close - file was closed */ static inline void fsnotify_close(struct file *file) { __u32 mask = (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) ? FS_CLOSE_WRITE : FS_CLOSE_NOWRITE; fsnotify_file(file, mask); } /* * fsnotify_xattr - extended attributes were changed */ static inline void fsnotify_xattr(struct dentry *dentry) { fsnotify_dentry(dentry, FS_ATTRIB); } /* * fsnotify_change - notify_change event. file was modified and/or metadata * was changed. */ static inline void fsnotify_change(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int ia_valid) { __u32 mask = 0; if (ia_valid & ATTR_UID) mask |= FS_ATTRIB; if (ia_valid & ATTR_GID) mask |= FS_ATTRIB; if (ia_valid & ATTR_SIZE) mask |= FS_MODIFY; /* both times implies a utime(s) call */ if ((ia_valid & (ATTR_ATIME | ATTR_MTIME)) == (ATTR_ATIME | ATTR_MTIME)) mask |= FS_ATTRIB; else if (ia_valid & ATTR_ATIME) mask |= FS_ACCESS; else if (ia_valid & ATTR_MTIME) mask |= FS_MODIFY; if (ia_valid & ATTR_MODE) mask |= FS_ATTRIB; if (mask) fsnotify_dentry(dentry, mask); } #endif /* _LINUX_FS_NOTIFY_H */
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1822 1823 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */ #ifndef _LINUX_XARRAY_H #define _LINUX_XARRAY_H /* * eXtensible Arrays * Copyright (c) 2017 Microsoft Corporation * Author: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> * * See Documentation/core-api/xarray.rst for how to use the XArray. */ #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/kconfig.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/rcupdate.h> #include <linux/spinlock.h> #include <linux/types.h> /* * The bottom two bits of the entry determine how the XArray interprets * the contents: * * 00: Pointer entry * 10: Internal entry * x1: Value entry or tagged pointer * * Attempting to store internal entries in the XArray is a bug. * * Most internal entries are pointers to the next node in the tree. * The following internal entries have a special meaning: * * 0-62: Sibling entries * 256: Retry entry * 257: Zero entry * * Errors are also represented as internal entries, but use the negative * space (-4094 to -2). They're never stored in the slots array; only * returned by the normal API. */ #define BITS_PER_XA_VALUE (BITS_PER_LONG - 1) /** * xa_mk_value() - Create an XArray entry from an integer. * @v: Value to store in XArray. * * Context: Any context. * Return: An entry suitable for storing in the XArray. */ static inline void *xa_mk_value(unsigned long v) { WARN_ON((long)v < 0); return (void *)((v << 1) | 1); } /** * xa_to_value() - Get value stored in an XArray entry. * @entry: XArray entry. * * Context: Any context. * Return: The value stored in the XArray entry. */ static inline unsigned long xa_to_value(const void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry >> 1; } /** * xa_is_value() - Determine if an entry is a value. * @entry: XArray entry. * * Context: Any context. * Return: True if the entry is a value, false if it is a pointer. */ static inline bool xa_is_value(const void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry & 1; } /** * xa_tag_pointer() - Create an XArray entry for a tagged pointer. * @p: Plain pointer. * @tag: Tag value (0, 1 or 3). * * If the user of the XArray prefers, they can tag their pointers instead * of storing value entries. Three tags are available (0, 1 and 3). * These are distinct from the xa_mark_t as they are not replicated up * through the array and cannot be searched for. * * Context: Any context. * Return: An XArray entry. */ static inline void *xa_tag_pointer(void *p, unsigned long tag) { return (void *)((unsigned long)p | tag); } /** * xa_untag_pointer() - Turn an XArray entry into a plain pointer. * @entry: XArray entry. * * If you have stored a tagged pointer in the XArray, call this function * to get the untagged version of the pointer. * * Context: Any context. * Return: A pointer. */ static inline void *xa_untag_pointer(void *entry) { return (void *)((unsigned long)entry & ~3UL); } /** * xa_pointer_tag() - Get the tag stored in an XArray entry. * @entry: XArray entry. * * If you have stored a tagged pointer in the XArray, call this function * to get the tag of that pointer. * * Context: Any context. * Return: A tag. */ static inline unsigned int xa_pointer_tag(void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry & 3UL; } /* * xa_mk_internal() - Create an internal entry. * @v: Value to turn into an internal entry. * * Internal entries are used for a number of purposes. Entries 0-255 are * used for sibling entries (only 0-62 are used by the current code). 256 * is used for the retry entry. 257 is used for the reserved / zero entry. * Negative internal entries are used to represent errnos. Node pointers * are also tagged as internal entries in some situations. * * Context: Any context. * Return: An XArray internal entry corresponding to this value. */ static inline void *xa_mk_internal(unsigned long v) { return (void *)((v << 2) | 2); } /* * xa_to_internal() - Extract the value from an internal entry. * @entry: XArray entry. * * Context: Any context. * Return: The value which was stored in the internal entry. */ static inline unsigned long xa_to_internal(const void *entry) { return (unsigned long)entry >> 2; } /* * xa_is_internal() - Is the entry an internal entry? * @entry: XArray entry. * * Context: Any context. * Return: %true if the entry is an internal entry. */ static inline bool xa_is_internal(const void *entry) { return ((unsigned long)entry & 3) == 2; } #define XA_ZERO_ENTRY xa_mk_internal(257) /** * xa_is_zero() - Is the entry a zero entry? * @entry: Entry retrieved from the XArray * * The normal API will return NULL as the contents of a slot containing * a zero entry. You can only see zero entries by using the advanced API. * * Return: %true if the entry is a zero entry. */ static inline bool xa_is_zero(const void *entry) { return unlikely(entry == XA_ZERO_ENTRY); } /** * xa_is_err() - Report whether an XArray operation returned an error * @entry: Result from calling an XArray function * * If an XArray operation cannot complete an operation, it will return * a special value indicating an error. This function tells you * whether an error occurred; xa_err() tells you which error occurred. * * Context: Any context. * Return: %true if the entry indicates an error. */ static inline bool xa_is_err(const void *entry) { return unlikely(xa_is_internal(entry) && entry >= xa_mk_internal(-MAX_ERRNO)); } /** * xa_err() - Turn an XArray result into an errno. * @entry: Result from calling an XArray function. * * If an XArray operation cannot complete an operation, it will return * a special pointer value which encodes an errno. This function extracts * the errno from the pointer value, or returns 0 if the pointer does not * represent an errno. * * Context: Any context. * Return: A negative errno or 0. */ static inline int xa_err(void *entry) { /* xa_to_internal() would not do sign extension. */ if (xa_is_err(entry)) return (long)entry >> 2; return 0; } /** * struct xa_limit - Represents a range of IDs. * @min: The lowest ID to allocate (inclusive). * @max: The maximum ID to allocate (inclusive). * * This structure is used either directly or via the XA_LIMIT() macro * to communicate the range of IDs that are valid for allocation. * Two common ranges are predefined for you: * * xa_limit_32b - [0 - UINT_MAX] * * xa_limit_31b - [0 - INT_MAX] */ struct xa_limit { u32 max; u32 min; }; #define XA_LIMIT(_min, _max) (struct xa_limit) { .min = _min, .max = _max } #define xa_limit_32b XA_LIMIT(0, UINT_MAX) #define xa_limit_31b XA_LIMIT(0, INT_MAX) typedef unsigned __bitwise xa_mark_t; #define XA_MARK_0 ((__force xa_mark_t)0U) #define XA_MARK_1 ((__force xa_mark_t)1U) #define XA_MARK_2 ((__force xa_mark_t)2U) #define XA_PRESENT ((__force xa_mark_t)8U) #define XA_MARK_MAX XA_MARK_2 #define XA_FREE_MARK XA_MARK_0 enum xa_lock_type { XA_LOCK_IRQ = 1, XA_LOCK_BH = 2, }; /* * Values for xa_flags. The radix tree stores its GFP flags in the xa_flags, * and we remain compatible with that. */ #define XA_FLAGS_LOCK_IRQ ((__force gfp_t)XA_LOCK_IRQ) #define XA_FLAGS_LOCK_BH ((__force gfp_t)XA_LOCK_BH) #define XA_FLAGS_TRACK_FREE ((__force gfp_t)4U) #define XA_FLAGS_ZERO_BUSY ((__force gfp_t)8U) #define XA_FLAGS_ALLOC_WRAPPED ((__force gfp_t)16U) #define XA_FLAGS_ACCOUNT ((__force gfp_t)32U) #define XA_FLAGS_MARK(mark) ((__force gfp_t)((1U << __GFP_BITS_SHIFT) << \ (__force unsigned)(mark))) /* ALLOC is for a normal 0-based alloc. ALLOC1 is for an 1-based alloc */ #define XA_FLAGS_ALLOC (XA_FLAGS_TRACK_FREE | XA_FLAGS_MARK(XA_FREE_MARK)) #define XA_FLAGS_ALLOC1 (XA_FLAGS_TRACK_FREE | XA_FLAGS_ZERO_BUSY) /** * struct xarray - The anchor of the XArray. * @xa_lock: Lock that protects the contents of the XArray. * * To use the xarray, define it statically or embed it in your data structure. * It is a very small data structure, so it does not usually make sense to * allocate it separately and keep a pointer to it in your data structure. * * You may use the xa_lock to protect your own data structures as well. */ /* * If all of the entries in the array are NULL, @xa_head is a NULL pointer. * If the only non-NULL entry in the array is at index 0, @xa_head is that * entry. If any other entry in the array is non-NULL, @xa_head points * to an @xa_node. */ struct xarray { spinlock_t xa_lock; /* private: The rest of the data structure is not to be used directly. */ gfp_t xa_flags; void __rcu * xa_head; }; #define XARRAY_INIT(name, flags) { \ .xa_lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(name.xa_lock), \ .xa_flags = flags, \ .xa_head = NULL, \ } /** * DEFINE_XARRAY_FLAGS() - Define an XArray with custom flags. * @name: A string that names your XArray. * @flags: XA_FLAG values. * * This is intended for file scope definitions of XArrays. It declares * and initialises an empty XArray with the chosen name and flags. It is * equivalent to calling xa_init_flags() on the array, but it does the * initialisation at compiletime instead of runtime. */ #define DEFINE_XARRAY_FLAGS(name, flags) \ struct xarray name = XARRAY_INIT(name, flags) /** * DEFINE_XARRAY() - Define an XArray. * @name: A string that names your XArray. * * This is intended for file scope definitions of XArrays. It declares * and initialises an empty XArray with the chosen name. It is equivalent * to calling xa_init() on the array, but it does the initialisation at * compiletime instead of runtime. */ #define DEFINE_XARRAY(name) DEFINE_XARRAY_FLAGS(name, 0) /** * DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC() - Define an XArray which allocates IDs starting at 0. * @name: A string that names your XArray. * * This is intended for file scope definitions of allocating XArrays. * See also DEFINE_XARRAY(). */ #define DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC(name) DEFINE_XARRAY_FLAGS(name, XA_FLAGS_ALLOC) /** * DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC1() - Define an XArray which allocates IDs starting at 1. * @name: A string that names your XArray. * * This is intended for file scope definitions of allocating XArrays. * See also DEFINE_XARRAY(). */ #define DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC1(name) DEFINE_XARRAY_FLAGS(name, XA_FLAGS_ALLOC1) void *xa_load(struct xarray *, unsigned long index); void *xa_store(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t); void *xa_erase(struct xarray *, unsigned long index); void *xa_store_range(struct xarray *, unsigned long first, unsigned long last, void *entry, gfp_t); bool xa_get_mark(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t); void xa_set_mark(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t); void xa_clear_mark(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t); void *xa_find(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long *index, unsigned long max, xa_mark_t) __attribute__((nonnull(2))); void *xa_find_after(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long *index, unsigned long max, xa_mark_t) __attribute__((nonnull(2))); unsigned int xa_extract(struct xarray *, void **dst, unsigned long start, unsigned long max, unsigned int n, xa_mark_t); void xa_destroy(struct xarray *); /** * xa_init_flags() - Initialise an empty XArray with flags. * @xa: XArray. * @flags: XA_FLAG values. * * If you need to initialise an XArray with special flags (eg you need * to take the lock from interrupt context), use this function instead * of xa_init(). * * Context: Any context. */ static inline void xa_init_flags(struct xarray *xa, gfp_t flags) { spin_lock_init(&xa->xa_lock); xa->xa_flags = flags; xa->xa_head = NULL; } /** * xa_init() - Initialise an empty XArray. * @xa: XArray. * * An empty XArray is full of NULL entries. * * Context: Any context. */ static inline void xa_init(struct xarray *xa) { xa_init_flags(xa, 0); } /** * xa_empty() - Determine if an array has any present entries. * @xa: XArray. * * Context: Any context. * Return: %true if the array contains only NULL pointers. */ static inline bool xa_empty(const struct xarray *xa) { return xa->xa_head == NULL; } /** * xa_marked() - Inquire whether any entry in this array has a mark set * @xa: Array * @mark: Mark value * * Context: Any context. * Return: %true if any entry has this mark set. */ static inline bool xa_marked(const struct xarray *xa, xa_mark_t mark) { return xa->xa_flags & XA_FLAGS_MARK(mark); } /** * xa_for_each_range() - Iterate over a portion of an XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of @entry. * @entry: Entry retrieved from array. * @start: First index to retrieve from array. * @last: Last index to retrieve from array. * * During the iteration, @entry will have the value of the entry stored * in @xa at @index. You may modify @index during the iteration if you * want to skip or reprocess indices. It is safe to modify the array * during the iteration. At the end of the iteration, @entry will be set * to NULL and @index will have a value less than or equal to max. * * xa_for_each_range() is O(n.log(n)) while xas_for_each() is O(n). You have * to handle your own locking with xas_for_each(), and if you have to unlock * after each iteration, it will also end up being O(n.log(n)). * xa_for_each_range() will spin if it hits a retry entry; if you intend to * see retry entries, you should use the xas_for_each() iterator instead. * The xas_for_each() iterator will expand into more inline code than * xa_for_each_range(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. */ #define xa_for_each_range(xa, index, entry, start, last) \ for (index = start, \ entry = xa_find(xa, &index, last, XA_PRESENT); \ entry; \ entry = xa_find_after(xa, &index, last, XA_PRESENT)) /** * xa_for_each_start() - Iterate over a portion of an XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of @entry. * @entry: Entry retrieved from array. * @start: First index to retrieve from array. * * During the iteration, @entry will have the value of the entry stored * in @xa at @index. You may modify @index during the iteration if you * want to skip or reprocess indices. It is safe to modify the array * during the iteration. At the end of the iteration, @entry will be set * to NULL and @index will have a value less than or equal to max. * * xa_for_each_start() is O(n.log(n)) while xas_for_each() is O(n). You have * to handle your own locking with xas_for_each(), and if you have to unlock * after each iteration, it will also end up being O(n.log(n)). * xa_for_each_start() will spin if it hits a retry entry; if you intend to * see retry entries, you should use the xas_for_each() iterator instead. * The xas_for_each() iterator will expand into more inline code than * xa_for_each_start(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. */ #define xa_for_each_start(xa, index, entry, start) \ xa_for_each_range(xa, index, entry, start, ULONG_MAX) /** * xa_for_each() - Iterate over present entries in an XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of @entry. * @entry: Entry retrieved from array. * * During the iteration, @entry will have the value of the entry stored * in @xa at @index. You may modify @index during the iteration if you want * to skip or reprocess indices. It is safe to modify the array during the * iteration. At the end of the iteration, @entry will be set to NULL and * @index will have a value less than or equal to max. * * xa_for_each() is O(n.log(n)) while xas_for_each() is O(n). You have * to handle your own locking with xas_for_each(), and if you have to unlock * after each iteration, it will also end up being O(n.log(n)). xa_for_each() * will spin if it hits a retry entry; if you intend to see retry entries, * you should use the xas_for_each() iterator instead. The xas_for_each() * iterator will expand into more inline code than xa_for_each(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. */ #define xa_for_each(xa, index, entry) \ xa_for_each_start(xa, index, entry, 0) /** * xa_for_each_marked() - Iterate over marked entries in an XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of @entry. * @entry: Entry retrieved from array. * @filter: Selection criterion. * * During the iteration, @entry will have the value of the entry stored * in @xa at @index. The iteration will skip all entries in the array * which do not match @filter. You may modify @index during the iteration * if you want to skip or reprocess indices. It is safe to modify the array * during the iteration. At the end of the iteration, @entry will be set to * NULL and @index will have a value less than or equal to max. * * xa_for_each_marked() is O(n.log(n)) while xas_for_each_marked() is O(n). * You have to handle your own locking with xas_for_each(), and if you have * to unlock after each iteration, it will also end up being O(n.log(n)). * xa_for_each_marked() will spin if it hits a retry entry; if you intend to * see retry entries, you should use the xas_for_each_marked() iterator * instead. The xas_for_each_marked() iterator will expand into more inline * code than xa_for_each_marked(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the RCU lock. */ #define xa_for_each_marked(xa, index, entry, filter) \ for (index = 0, entry = xa_find(xa, &index, ULONG_MAX, filter); \ entry; entry = xa_find_after(xa, &index, ULONG_MAX, filter)) #define xa_trylock(xa) spin_trylock(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_lock(xa) spin_lock(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_unlock(xa) spin_unlock(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_lock_bh(xa) spin_lock_bh(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_unlock_bh(xa) spin_unlock_bh(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_lock_irq(xa) spin_lock_irq(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_unlock_irq(xa) spin_unlock_irq(&(xa)->xa_lock) #define xa_lock_irqsave(xa, flags) \ spin_lock_irqsave(&(xa)->xa_lock, flags) #define xa_unlock_irqrestore(xa, flags) \ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&(xa)->xa_lock, flags) #define xa_lock_nested(xa, subclass) \ spin_lock_nested(&(xa)->xa_lock, subclass) #define xa_lock_bh_nested(xa, subclass) \ spin_lock_bh_nested(&(xa)->xa_lock, subclass) #define xa_lock_irq_nested(xa, subclass) \ spin_lock_irq_nested(&(xa)->xa_lock, subclass) #define xa_lock_irqsave_nested(xa, flags, subclass) \ spin_lock_irqsave_nested(&(xa)->xa_lock, flags, subclass) /* * Versions of the normal API which require the caller to hold the * xa_lock. If the GFP flags allow it, they will drop the lock to * allocate memory, then reacquire it afterwards. These functions * may also re-enable interrupts if the XArray flags indicate the * locking should be interrupt safe. */ void *__xa_erase(struct xarray *, unsigned long index); void *__xa_store(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t); void *__xa_cmpxchg(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, void *old, void *entry, gfp_t); int __must_check __xa_insert(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t); int __must_check __xa_alloc(struct xarray *, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit, gfp_t); int __must_check __xa_alloc_cyclic(struct xarray *, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit, u32 *next, gfp_t); void __xa_set_mark(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t); void __xa_clear_mark(struct xarray *, unsigned long index, xa_mark_t); /** * xa_store_bh() - Store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * This function is like calling xa_store() except it disables softirqs * while holding the array lock. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. * Return: The old entry at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ static inline void *xa_store_bh(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { void *curr; xa_lock_bh(xa); curr = __xa_store(xa, index, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return curr; } /** * xa_store_irq() - Store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * This function is like calling xa_store() except it disables interrupts * while holding the array lock. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. * Return: The old entry at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ static inline void *xa_store_irq(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { void *curr; xa_lock_irq(xa); curr = __xa_store(xa, index, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return curr; } /** * xa_erase_bh() - Erase this entry from the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of entry. * * After this function returns, loading from @index will return %NULL. * If the index is part of a multi-index entry, all indices will be erased * and none of the entries will be part of a multi-index entry. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. * Return: The entry which used to be at this index. */ static inline void *xa_erase_bh(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index) { void *entry; xa_lock_bh(xa); entry = __xa_erase(xa, index); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return entry; } /** * xa_erase_irq() - Erase this entry from the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of entry. * * After this function returns, loading from @index will return %NULL. * If the index is part of a multi-index entry, all indices will be erased * and none of the entries will be part of a multi-index entry. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. * Return: The entry which used to be at this index. */ static inline void *xa_erase_irq(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index) { void *entry; xa_lock_irq(xa); entry = __xa_erase(xa, index); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return entry; } /** * xa_cmpxchg() - Conditionally replace an entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @old: Old value to test against. * @entry: New value to place in array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * If the entry at @index is the same as @old, replace it with @entry. * If the return value is equal to @old, then the exchange was successful. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. May sleep * if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: The old value at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ static inline void *xa_cmpxchg(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *old, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { void *curr; xa_lock(xa); curr = __xa_cmpxchg(xa, index, old, entry, gfp); xa_unlock(xa); return curr; } /** * xa_cmpxchg_bh() - Conditionally replace an entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @old: Old value to test against. * @entry: New value to place in array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * This function is like calling xa_cmpxchg() except it disables softirqs * while holding the array lock. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: The old value at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ static inline void *xa_cmpxchg_bh(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *old, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { void *curr; xa_lock_bh(xa); curr = __xa_cmpxchg(xa, index, old, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return curr; } /** * xa_cmpxchg_irq() - Conditionally replace an entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @old: Old value to test against. * @entry: New value to place in array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * This function is like calling xa_cmpxchg() except it disables interrupts * while holding the array lock. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: The old value at this index or xa_err() if an error happened. */ static inline void *xa_cmpxchg_irq(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *old, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { void *curr; xa_lock_irq(xa); curr = __xa_cmpxchg(xa, index, old, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return curr; } /** * xa_insert() - Store this entry in the XArray unless another entry is * already present. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Inserting a NULL entry will store a reserved entry (like xa_reserve()) * if no entry is present. Inserting will fail if a reserved entry is * present, even though loading from this index will return NULL. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. May sleep if * the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the store succeeded. -EBUSY if another entry was present. * -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated. */ static inline int __must_check xa_insert(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock(xa); err = __xa_insert(xa, index, entry, gfp); xa_unlock(xa); return err; } /** * xa_insert_bh() - Store this entry in the XArray unless another entry is * already present. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Inserting a NULL entry will store a reserved entry (like xa_reserve()) * if no entry is present. Inserting will fail if a reserved entry is * present, even though loading from this index will return NULL. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the store succeeded. -EBUSY if another entry was present. * -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated. */ static inline int __must_check xa_insert_bh(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_bh(xa); err = __xa_insert(xa, index, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return err; } /** * xa_insert_irq() - Store this entry in the XArray unless another entry is * already present. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @entry: New entry. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Inserting a NULL entry will store a reserved entry (like xa_reserve()) * if no entry is present. Inserting will fail if a reserved entry is * present, even though loading from this index will return NULL. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the store succeeded. -EBUSY if another entry was present. * -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated. */ static inline int __must_check xa_insert_irq(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, void *entry, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_irq(xa); err = __xa_insert(xa, index, entry, gfp); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. May sleep if * the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 on success, -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated or * -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline __must_check int xa_alloc(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock(xa); err = __xa_alloc(xa, id, entry, limit, gfp); xa_unlock(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc_bh() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 on success, -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated or * -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline int __must_check xa_alloc_bh(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_bh(xa); err = __xa_alloc(xa, id, entry, limit, gfp); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc_irq() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 on success, -ENOMEM if memory could not be allocated or * -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline int __must_check xa_alloc_irq(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_irq(xa); err = __xa_alloc(xa, id, entry, limit, gfp); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc_cyclic() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of allocated ID. * @next: Pointer to next ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * The search for an empty entry will start at @next and will wrap * around if necessary. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. May sleep if * the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the allocation succeeded without wrapping. 1 if the * allocation succeeded after wrapping, -ENOMEM if memory could not be * allocated or -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline int xa_alloc_cyclic(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, u32 *next, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock(xa); err = __xa_alloc_cyclic(xa, id, entry, limit, next, gfp); xa_unlock(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc_cyclic_bh() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of allocated ID. * @next: Pointer to next ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * The search for an empty entry will start at @next and will wrap * around if necessary. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the allocation succeeded without wrapping. 1 if the * allocation succeeded after wrapping, -ENOMEM if memory could not be * allocated or -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline int xa_alloc_cyclic_bh(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, u32 *next, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_bh(xa); err = __xa_alloc_cyclic(xa, id, entry, limit, next, gfp); xa_unlock_bh(xa); return err; } /** * xa_alloc_cyclic_irq() - Find somewhere to store this entry in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @id: Pointer to ID. * @entry: New entry. * @limit: Range of allocated ID. * @next: Pointer to next ID to allocate. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Finds an empty entry in @xa between @limit.min and @limit.max, * stores the index into the @id pointer, then stores the entry at * that index. A concurrent lookup will not see an uninitialised @id. * The search for an empty entry will start at @next and will wrap * around if necessary. * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the allocation succeeded without wrapping. 1 if the * allocation succeeded after wrapping, -ENOMEM if memory could not be * allocated or -EBUSY if there are no free entries in @limit. */ static inline int xa_alloc_cyclic_irq(struct xarray *xa, u32 *id, void *entry, struct xa_limit limit, u32 *next, gfp_t gfp) { int err; xa_lock_irq(xa); err = __xa_alloc_cyclic(xa, id, entry, limit, next, gfp); xa_unlock_irq(xa); return err; } /** * xa_reserve() - Reserve this index in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * Ensures there is somewhere to store an entry at @index in the array. * If there is already something stored at @index, this function does * nothing. If there was nothing there, the entry is marked as reserved. * Loading from a reserved entry returns a %NULL pointer. * * If you do not use the entry that you have reserved, call xa_release() * or xa_erase() to free any unnecessary memory. * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock. * May sleep if the @gfp flags permit. * Return: 0 if the reservation succeeded or -ENOMEM if it failed. */ static inline __must_check int xa_reserve(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, gfp_t gfp) { return xa_err(xa_cmpxchg(xa, index, NULL, XA_ZERO_ENTRY, gfp)); } /** * xa_reserve_bh() - Reserve this index in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * A softirq-disabling version of xa_reserve(). * * Context: Any context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling softirqs. * Return: 0 if the reservation succeeded or -ENOMEM if it failed. */ static inline __must_check int xa_reserve_bh(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, gfp_t gfp) { return xa_err(xa_cmpxchg_bh(xa, index, NULL, XA_ZERO_ENTRY, gfp)); } /** * xa_reserve_irq() - Reserve this index in the XArray. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index into array. * @gfp: Memory allocation flags. * * An interrupt-disabling version of xa_reserve(). * * Context: Process context. Takes and releases the xa_lock while * disabling interrupts. * Return: 0 if the reservation succeeded or -ENOMEM if it failed. */ static inline __must_check int xa_reserve_irq(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index, gfp_t gfp) { return xa_err(xa_cmpxchg_irq(xa, index, NULL, XA_ZERO_ENTRY, gfp)); } /** * xa_release() - Release a reserved entry. * @xa: XArray. * @index: Index of entry. * * After calling xa_reserve(), you can call this function to release the * reservation. If the entry at @index has been stored to, this function * will do nothing. */ static inline void xa_release(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index) { xa_cmpxchg(xa, index, XA_ZERO_ENTRY, NULL, 0); } /* Everything below here is the Advanced API. Proceed with caution. */ /* * The xarray is constructed out of a set of 'chunks' of pointers. Choosing * the best chunk size requires some tradeoffs. A power of two recommends * itself so that we can walk the tree based purely on shifts and masks. * Generally, the larger the better; as the number of slots per level of the * tree increases, the less tall the tree needs to be. But that needs to be * balanced against the memory consumption of each node. On a 64-bit system, * xa_node is currently 576 bytes, and we get 7 of them per 4kB page. If we * doubled the number of slots per node, we'd get only 3 nodes per 4kB page. */ #ifndef XA_CHUNK_SHIFT #define XA_CHUNK_SHIFT (CONFIG_BASE_SMALL ? 4 : 6) #endif #define XA_CHUNK_SIZE (1UL << XA_CHUNK_SHIFT) #define XA_CHUNK_MASK (XA_CHUNK_SIZE - 1) #define XA_MAX_MARKS 3 #define XA_MARK_LONGS DIV_ROUND_UP(XA_CHUNK_SIZE, BITS_PER_LONG) /* * @count is the count of every non-NULL element in the ->slots array * whether that is a value entry, a retry entry, a user pointer, * a sibling entry or a pointer to the next level of the tree. * @nr_values is the count of every element in ->slots which is * either a value entry or a sibling of a value entry. */ struct xa_node { unsigned char shift; /* Bits remaining in each slot */ unsigned char offset; /* Slot offset in parent */ unsigned char count; /* Total entry count */ unsigned char nr_values; /* Value entry count */ struct xa_node __rcu *parent; /* NULL at top of tree */ struct xarray *array; /* The array we belong to */ union { struct list_head private_list; /* For tree user */ struct rcu_head rcu_head; /* Used when freeing node */ }; void __rcu *slots[XA_CHUNK_SIZE]; union { unsigned long tags[XA_MAX_MARKS][XA_MARK_LONGS]; unsigned long marks[XA_MAX_MARKS][XA_MARK_LONGS]; }; }; void xa_dump(const struct xarray *); void xa_dump_node(const struct xa_node *); #ifdef XA_DEBUG #define XA_BUG_ON(xa, x) do { \ if (x) { \ xa_dump(xa); \ BUG(); \ } \ } while (0) #define XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, x) do { \ if (x) { \ if (node) xa_dump_node(node); \ BUG(); \ } \ } while (0) #else #define XA_BUG_ON(xa, x) do { } while (0) #define XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, x) do { } while (0) #endif /* Private */ static inline void *xa_head(const struct xarray *xa) { return rcu_dereference_check(xa->xa_head, lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline void *xa_head_locked(const struct xarray *xa) { return rcu_dereference_protected(xa->xa_head, lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline void *xa_entry(const struct xarray *xa, const struct xa_node *node, unsigned int offset) { XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, offset >= XA_CHUNK_SIZE); return rcu_dereference_check(node->slots[offset], lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline void *xa_entry_locked(const struct xarray *xa, const struct xa_node *node, unsigned int offset) { XA_NODE_BUG_ON(node, offset >= XA_CHUNK_SIZE); return rcu_dereference_protected(node->slots[offset], lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline struct xa_node *xa_parent(const struct xarray *xa, const struct xa_node *node) { return rcu_dereference_check(node->parent, lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline struct xa_node *xa_parent_locked(const struct xarray *xa, const struct xa_node *node) { return rcu_dereference_protected(node->parent, lockdep_is_held(&xa->xa_lock)); } /* Private */ static inline void *xa_mk_node(const struct xa_node *node) { return (void *)((unsigned long)node | 2); } /* Private */ static inline struct xa_node *xa_to_node(const void *entry) { return (struct xa_node *)((unsigned long)entry - 2); } /* Private */ static inline bool xa_is_node(const void *entry) { return xa_is_internal(entry) && (unsigned long)entry > 4096; } /* Private */ static inline void *xa_mk_sibling(unsigned int offset) { return xa_mk_internal(offset); } /* Private */ static inline unsigned long xa_to_sibling(const void *entry) { return xa_to_internal(entry); } /** * xa_is_sibling() - Is the entry a sibling entry? * @entry: Entry retrieved from the XArray * * Return: %true if the entry is a sibling entry. */ static inline bool xa_is_sibling(const void *entry) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI) && xa_is_internal(entry) && (entry < xa_mk_sibling(XA_CHUNK_SIZE - 1)); } #define XA_RETRY_ENTRY xa_mk_internal(256) /** * xa_is_retry() - Is the entry a retry entry? * @entry: Entry retrieved from the XArray * * Return: %true if the entry is a retry entry. */ static inline bool xa_is_retry(const void *entry) { return unlikely(entry == XA_RETRY_ENTRY); } /** * xa_is_advanced() - Is the entry only permitted for the advanced API? * @entry: Entry to be stored in the XArray. * * Return: %true if the entry cannot be stored by the normal API. */ static inline bool xa_is_advanced(const void *entry) { return xa_is_internal(entry) && (entry <= XA_RETRY_ENTRY); } /** * typedef xa_update_node_t - A callback function from the XArray. * @node: The node which is being processed * * This function is called every time the XArray updates the count of * present and value entries in a node. It allows advanced users to * maintain the private_list in the node. * * Context: The xa_lock is held and interrupts may be disabled. * Implementations should not drop the xa_lock, nor re-enable * interrupts. */ typedef void (*xa_update_node_t)(struct xa_node *node); void xa_delete_node(struct xa_node *, xa_update_node_t); /* * The xa_state is opaque to its users. It contains various different pieces * of state involved in the current operation on the XArray. It should be * declared on the stack and passed between the various internal routines. * The various elements in it should not be accessed directly, but only * through the provided accessor functions. The below documentation is for * the benefit of those working on the code, not for users of the XArray. * * @xa_node usually points to the xa_node containing the slot we're operating * on (and @xa_offset is the offset in the slots array). If there is a * single entry in the array at index 0, there are no allocated xa_nodes to * point to, and so we store %NULL in @xa_node. @xa_node is set to * the value %XAS_RESTART if the xa_state is not walked to the correct * position in the tree of nodes for this operation. If an error occurs * during an operation, it is set to an %XAS_ERROR value. If we run off the * end of the allocated nodes, it is set to %XAS_BOUNDS. */ struct xa_state { struct xarray *xa; unsigned long xa_index; unsigned char xa_shift; unsigned char xa_sibs; unsigned char xa_offset; unsigned char xa_pad; /* Helps gcc generate better code */ struct xa_node *xa_node; struct xa_node *xa_alloc; xa_update_node_t xa_update; }; /* * We encode errnos in the xas->xa_node. If an error has happened, we need to * drop the lock to fix it, and once we've done so the xa_state is invalid. */ #define XA_ERROR(errno) ((struct xa_node *)(((unsigned long)errno << 2) | 2UL)) #define XAS_BOUNDS ((struct xa_node *)1UL) #define XAS_RESTART ((struct xa_node *)3UL) #define __XA_STATE(array, index, shift, sibs) { \ .xa = array, \ .xa_index = index, \ .xa_shift = shift, \ .xa_sibs = sibs, \ .xa_offset = 0, \ .xa_pad = 0, \ .xa_node = XAS_RESTART, \ .xa_alloc = NULL, \ .xa_update = NULL \ } /** * XA_STATE() - Declare an XArray operation state. * @name: Name of this operation state (usually xas). * @array: Array to operate on. * @index: Initial index of interest. * * Declare and initialise an xa_state on the stack. */ #define XA_STATE(name, array, index) \ struct xa_state name = __XA_STATE(array, index, 0, 0) /** * XA_STATE_ORDER() - Declare an XArray operation state. * @name: Name of this operation state (usually xas). * @array: Array to operate on. * @index: Initial index of interest. * @order: Order of entry. * * Declare and initialise an xa_state on the stack. This variant of * XA_STATE() allows you to specify the 'order' of the element you * want to operate on.` */ #define XA_STATE_ORDER(name, array, index, order) \ struct xa_state name = __XA_STATE(array, \ (index >> order) << order, \ order - (order % XA_CHUNK_SHIFT), \ (1U << (order % XA_CHUNK_SHIFT)) - 1) #define xas_marked(xas, mark) xa_marked((xas)->xa, (mark)) #define xas_trylock(xas) xa_trylock((xas)->xa) #define xas_lock(xas) xa_lock((xas)->xa) #define xas_unlock(xas) xa_unlock((xas)->xa) #define xas_lock_bh(xas) xa_lock_bh((xas)->xa) #define xas_unlock_bh(xas) xa_unlock_bh((xas)->xa) #define xas_lock_irq(xas) xa_lock_irq((xas)->xa) #define xas_unlock_irq(xas) xa_unlock_irq((xas)->xa) #define xas_lock_irqsave(xas, flags) \ xa_lock_irqsave((xas)->xa, flags) #define xas_unlock_irqrestore(xas, flags) \ xa_unlock_irqrestore((xas)->xa, flags) /** * xas_error() - Return an errno stored in the xa_state. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Return: 0 if no error has been noted. A negative errno if one has. */ static inline int xas_error(const struct xa_state *xas) { return xa_err(xas->xa_node); } /** * xas_set_err() - Note an error in the xa_state. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @err: Negative error number. * * Only call this function with a negative @err; zero or positive errors * will probably not behave the way you think they should. If you want * to clear the error from an xa_state, use xas_reset(). */ static inline void xas_set_err(struct xa_state *xas, long err) { xas->xa_node = XA_ERROR(err); } /** * xas_invalid() - Is the xas in a retry or error state? * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Return: %true if the xas cannot be used for operations. */ static inline bool xas_invalid(const struct xa_state *xas) { return (unsigned long)xas->xa_node & 3; } /** * xas_valid() - Is the xas a valid cursor into the array? * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Return: %true if the xas can be used for operations. */ static inline bool xas_valid(const struct xa_state *xas) { return !xas_invalid(xas); } /** * xas_is_node() - Does the xas point to a node? * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Return: %true if the xas currently references a node. */ static inline bool xas_is_node(const struct xa_state *xas) { return xas_valid(xas) && xas->xa_node; } /* True if the pointer is something other than a node */ static inline bool xas_not_node(struct xa_node *node) { return ((unsigned long)node & 3) || !node; } /* True if the node represents RESTART or an error */ static inline bool xas_frozen(struct xa_node *node) { return (unsigned long)node & 2; } /* True if the node represents head-of-tree, RESTART or BOUNDS */ static inline bool xas_top(struct xa_node *node) { return node <= XAS_RESTART; } /** * xas_reset() - Reset an XArray operation state. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Resets the error or walk state of the @xas so future walks of the * array will start from the root. Use this if you have dropped the * xarray lock and want to reuse the xa_state. * * Context: Any context. */ static inline void xas_reset(struct xa_state *xas) { xas->xa_node = XAS_RESTART; } /** * xas_retry() - Retry the operation if appropriate. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @entry: Entry from xarray. * * The advanced functions may sometimes return an internal entry, such as * a retry entry or a zero entry. This function sets up the @xas to restart * the walk from the head of the array if needed. * * Context: Any context. * Return: true if the operation needs to be retried. */ static inline bool xas_retry(struct xa_state *xas, const void *entry) { if (xa_is_zero(entry)) return true; if (!xa_is_retry(entry)) return false; xas_reset(xas); return true; } void *xas_load(struct xa_state *); void *xas_store(struct xa_state *, void *entry); void *xas_find(struct xa_state *, unsigned long max); void *xas_find_conflict(struct xa_state *); bool xas_get_mark(const struct xa_state *, xa_mark_t); void xas_set_mark(const struct xa_state *, xa_mark_t); void xas_clear_mark(const struct xa_state *, xa_mark_t); void *xas_find_marked(struct xa_state *, unsigned long max, xa_mark_t); void xas_init_marks(const struct xa_state *); bool xas_nomem(struct xa_state *, gfp_t); void xas_pause(struct xa_state *); void xas_create_range(struct xa_state *); #ifdef CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI int xa_get_order(struct xarray *, unsigned long index); void xas_split(struct xa_state *, void *entry, unsigned int order); void xas_split_alloc(struct xa_state *, void *entry, unsigned int order, gfp_t); #else static inline int xa_get_order(struct xarray *xa, unsigned long index) { return 0; } static inline void xas_split(struct xa_state *xas, void *entry, unsigned int order) { xas_store(xas, entry); } static inline void xas_split_alloc(struct xa_state *xas, void *entry, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp) { } #endif /** * xas_reload() - Refetch an entry from the xarray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * Use this function to check that a previously loaded entry still has * the same value. This is useful for the lockless pagecache lookup where * we walk the array with only the RCU lock to protect us, lock the page, * then check that the page hasn't moved since we looked it up. * * The caller guarantees that @xas is still valid. If it may be in an * error or restart state, call xas_load() instead. * * Return: The entry at this location in the xarray. */ static inline void *xas_reload(struct xa_state *xas) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; void *entry; char offset; if (!node) return xa_head(xas->xa); if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI)) { offset = (xas->xa_index >> node->shift) & XA_CHUNK_MASK; entry = xa_entry(xas->xa, node, offset); if (!xa_is_sibling(entry)) return entry; offset = xa_to_sibling(entry); } else { offset = xas->xa_offset; } return xa_entry(xas->xa, node, offset); } /** * xas_set() - Set up XArray operation state for a different index. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @index: New index into the XArray. * * Move the operation state to refer to a different index. This will * have the effect of starting a walk from the top; see xas_next() * to move to an adjacent index. */ static inline void xas_set(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned long index) { xas->xa_index = index; xas->xa_node = XAS_RESTART; } /** * xas_set_order() - Set up XArray operation state for a multislot entry. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @index: Target of the operation. * @order: Entry occupies 2^@order indices. */ static inline void xas_set_order(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned long index, unsigned int order) { #ifdef CONFIG_XARRAY_MULTI xas->xa_index = order < BITS_PER_LONG ? (index >> order) << order : 0; xas->xa_shift = order - (order % XA_CHUNK_SHIFT); xas->xa_sibs = (1 << (order % XA_CHUNK_SHIFT)) - 1; xas->xa_node = XAS_RESTART; #else BUG_ON(order > 0); xas_set(xas, index); #endif } /** * xas_set_update() - Set up XArray operation state for a callback. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @update: Function to call when updating a node. * * The XArray can notify a caller after it has updated an xa_node. * This is advanced functionality and is only needed by the page cache. */ static inline void xas_set_update(struct xa_state *xas, xa_update_node_t update) { xas->xa_update = update; } /** * xas_next_entry() - Advance iterator to next present entry. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @max: Highest index to return. * * xas_next_entry() is an inline function to optimise xarray traversal for * speed. It is equivalent to calling xas_find(), and will call xas_find() * for all the hard cases. * * Return: The next present entry after the one currently referred to by @xas. */ static inline void *xas_next_entry(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned long max) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; void *entry; if (unlikely(xas_not_node(node) || node->shift || xas->xa_offset != (xas->xa_index & XA_CHUNK_MASK))) return xas_find(xas, max); do { if (unlikely(xas->xa_index >= max)) return xas_find(xas, max); if (unlikely(xas->xa_offset == XA_CHUNK_MASK)) return xas_find(xas, max); entry = xa_entry(xas->xa, node, xas->xa_offset + 1); if (unlikely(xa_is_internal(entry))) return xas_find(xas, max); xas->xa_offset++; xas->xa_index++; } while (!entry); return entry; } /* Private */ static inline unsigned int xas_find_chunk(struct xa_state *xas, bool advance, xa_mark_t mark) { unsigned long *addr = xas->xa_node->marks[(__force unsigned)mark]; unsigned int offset = xas->xa_offset; if (advance) offset++; if (XA_CHUNK_SIZE == BITS_PER_LONG) { if (offset < XA_CHUNK_SIZE) { unsigned long data = *addr & (~0UL << offset); if (data) return __ffs(data); } return XA_CHUNK_SIZE; } return find_next_bit(addr, XA_CHUNK_SIZE, offset); } /** * xas_next_marked() - Advance iterator to next marked entry. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @max: Highest index to return. * @mark: Mark to search for. * * xas_next_marked() is an inline function to optimise xarray traversal for * speed. It is equivalent to calling xas_find_marked(), and will call * xas_find_marked() for all the hard cases. * * Return: The next marked entry after the one currently referred to by @xas. */ static inline void *xas_next_marked(struct xa_state *xas, unsigned long max, xa_mark_t mark) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; void *entry; unsigned int offset; if (unlikely(xas_not_node(node) || node->shift)) return xas_find_marked(xas, max, mark); offset = xas_find_chunk(xas, true, mark); xas->xa_offset = offset; xas->xa_index = (xas->xa_index & ~XA_CHUNK_MASK) + offset; if (xas->xa_index > max) return NULL; if (offset == XA_CHUNK_SIZE) return xas_find_marked(xas, max, mark); entry = xa_entry(xas->xa, node, offset); if (!entry) return xas_find_marked(xas, max, mark); return entry; } /* * If iterating while holding a lock, drop the lock and reschedule * every %XA_CHECK_SCHED loops. */ enum { XA_CHECK_SCHED = 4096, }; /** * xas_for_each() - Iterate over a range of an XArray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @entry: Entry retrieved from the array. * @max: Maximum index to retrieve from array. * * The loop body will be executed for each entry present in the xarray * between the current xas position and @max. @entry will be set to * the entry retrieved from the xarray. It is safe to delete entries * from the array in the loop body. You should hold either the RCU lock * or the xa_lock while iterating. If you need to drop the lock, call * xas_pause() first. */ #define xas_for_each(xas, entry, max) \ for (entry = xas_find(xas, max); entry; \ entry = xas_next_entry(xas, max)) /** * xas_for_each_marked() - Iterate over a range of an XArray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @entry: Entry retrieved from the array. * @max: Maximum index to retrieve from array. * @mark: Mark to search for. * * The loop body will be executed for each marked entry in the xarray * between the current xas position and @max. @entry will be set to * the entry retrieved from the xarray. It is safe to delete entries * from the array in the loop body. You should hold either the RCU lock * or the xa_lock while iterating. If you need to drop the lock, call * xas_pause() first. */ #define xas_for_each_marked(xas, entry, max, mark) \ for (entry = xas_find_marked(xas, max, mark); entry; \ entry = xas_next_marked(xas, max, mark)) /** * xas_for_each_conflict() - Iterate over a range of an XArray. * @xas: XArray operation state. * @entry: Entry retrieved from the array. * * The loop body will be executed for each entry in the XArray that * lies within the range specified by @xas. If the loop terminates * normally, @entry will be %NULL. The user may break out of the loop, * which will leave @entry set to the conflicting entry. The caller * may also call xa_set_err() to exit the loop while setting an error * to record the reason. */ #define xas_for_each_conflict(xas, entry) \ while ((entry = xas_find_conflict(xas))) void *__xas_next(struct xa_state *); void *__xas_prev(struct xa_state *); /** * xas_prev() - Move iterator to previous index. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * If the @xas was in an error state, it will remain in an error state * and this function will return %NULL. If the @xas has never been walked, * it will have the effect of calling xas_load(). Otherwise one will be * subtracted from the index and the state will be walked to the correct * location in the array for the next operation. * * If the iterator was referencing index 0, this function wraps * around to %ULONG_MAX. * * Return: The entry at the new index. This may be %NULL or an internal * entry. */ static inline void *xas_prev(struct xa_state *xas) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; if (unlikely(xas_not_node(node) || node->shift || xas->xa_offset == 0)) return __xas_prev(xas); xas->xa_index--; xas->xa_offset--; return xa_entry(xas->xa, node, xas->xa_offset); } /** * xas_next() - Move state to next index. * @xas: XArray operation state. * * If the @xas was in an error state, it will remain in an error state * and this function will return %NULL. If the @xas has never been walked, * it will have the effect of calling xas_load(). Otherwise one will be * added to the index and the state will be walked to the correct * location in the array for the next operation. * * If the iterator was referencing index %ULONG_MAX, this function wraps * around to 0. * * Return: The entry at the new index. This may be %NULL or an internal * entry. */ static inline void *xas_next(struct xa_state *xas) { struct xa_node *node = xas->xa_node; if (unlikely(xas_not_node(node) || node->shift || xas->xa_offset == XA_CHUNK_MASK)) return __xas_next(xas); xas->xa_index++; xas->xa_offset++; return xa_entry(xas->xa, node, xas->xa_offset); } #endif /* _LINUX_XARRAY_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM kmem #if !defined(_TRACE_KMEM_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_KMEM_H #include <linux/types.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> #include <trace/events/mmflags.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kmem_alloc, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, call_site ) __field( const void *, ptr ) __field( size_t, bytes_req ) __field( size_t, bytes_alloc ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->call_site = call_site; __entry->ptr = ptr; __entry->bytes_req = bytes_req; __entry->bytes_alloc = bytes_alloc; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; ), TP_printk("call_site=%pS ptr=%p bytes_req=%zu bytes_alloc=%zu gfp_flags=%s", (void *)__entry->call_site, __entry->ptr, __entry->bytes_req, __entry->bytes_alloc, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc, kmalloc, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc, kmem_cache_alloc, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kmem_alloc_node, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags, node), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, call_site ) __field( const void *, ptr ) __field( size_t, bytes_req ) __field( size_t, bytes_alloc ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) __field( int, node ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->call_site = call_site; __entry->ptr = ptr; __entry->bytes_req = bytes_req; __entry->bytes_alloc = bytes_alloc; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; __entry->node = node; ), TP_printk("call_site=%pS ptr=%p bytes_req=%zu bytes_alloc=%zu gfp_flags=%s node=%d", (void *)__entry->call_site, __entry->ptr, __entry->bytes_req, __entry->bytes_alloc, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags), __entry->node) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc_node, kmalloc_node, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags, node) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_alloc_node, kmem_cache_alloc_node, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr, size_t bytes_req, size_t bytes_alloc, gfp_t gfp_flags, int node), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc, gfp_flags, node) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(kmem_free, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, call_site ) __field( const void *, ptr ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->call_site = call_site; __entry->ptr = ptr; ), TP_printk("call_site=%pS ptr=%p", (void *)__entry->call_site, __entry->ptr) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_free, kfree, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr) ); DEFINE_EVENT(kmem_free, kmem_cache_free, TP_PROTO(unsigned long call_site, const void *ptr), TP_ARGS(call_site, ptr) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_free, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order), TP_ARGS(page, order), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); __entry->order = order; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%d", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, __entry->order) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_free_batched, TP_PROTO(struct page *page), TP_ARGS(page), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=0", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_alloc, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_flags, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, gfp_flags, migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags ) __field( int, migratetype ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page ? page_to_pfn(page) : -1UL; __entry->order = order; __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags; __entry->migratetype = migratetype; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%d migratetype=%d gfp_flags=%s", __entry->pfn != -1UL ? pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn) : NULL, __entry->pfn != -1UL ? __entry->pfn : 0, __entry->order, __entry->migratetype, show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags)) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(mm_page, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) __field( int, migratetype ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page ? page_to_pfn(page) : -1UL; __entry->order = order; __entry->migratetype = migratetype; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%u migratetype=%d percpu_refill=%d", __entry->pfn != -1UL ? pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn) : NULL, __entry->pfn != -1UL ? __entry->pfn : 0, __entry->order, __entry->migratetype, __entry->order == 0) ); DEFINE_EVENT(mm_page, mm_page_alloc_zone_locked, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, migratetype) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_pcpu_drain, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, order, migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( unsigned int, order ) __field( int, migratetype ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page ? page_to_pfn(page) : -1UL; __entry->order = order; __entry->migratetype = migratetype; ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu order=%d migratetype=%d", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, __entry->order, __entry->migratetype) ); TRACE_EVENT(mm_page_alloc_extfrag, TP_PROTO(struct page *page, int alloc_order, int fallback_order, int alloc_migratetype, int fallback_migratetype), TP_ARGS(page, alloc_order, fallback_order, alloc_migratetype, fallback_migratetype), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned long, pfn ) __field( int, alloc_order ) __field( int, fallback_order ) __field( int, alloc_migratetype ) __field( int, fallback_migratetype ) __field( int, change_ownership ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pfn = page_to_pfn(page); __entry->alloc_order = alloc_order; __entry->fallback_order = fallback_order; __entry->alloc_migratetype = alloc_migratetype; __entry->fallback_migratetype = fallback_migratetype; __entry->change_ownership = (alloc_migratetype == get_pageblock_migratetype(page)); ), TP_printk("page=%p pfn=%lu alloc_order=%d fallback_order=%d pageblock_order=%d alloc_migratetype=%d fallback_migratetype=%d fragmenting=%d change_ownership=%d", pfn_to_page(__entry->pfn), __entry->pfn, __entry->alloc_order, __entry->fallback_order, pageblock_order, __entry->alloc_migratetype, __entry->fallback_migratetype, __entry->fallback_order < pageblock_order, __entry->change_ownership) ); /* * Required for uniquely and securely identifying mm in rss_stat tracepoint. */ #ifndef __PTR_TO_HASHVAL static unsigned int __maybe_unused mm_ptr_to_hash(const void *ptr) { int ret; unsigned long hashval; ret = ptr_to_hashval(ptr, &hashval); if (ret) return 0; /* The hashed value is only 32-bit */ return (unsigned int)hashval; } #define __PTR_TO_HASHVAL #endif TRACE_EVENT(rss_stat, TP_PROTO(struct mm_struct *mm, int member, long count), TP_ARGS(mm, member, count), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(unsigned int, mm_id) __field(unsigned int, curr) __field(int, member) __field(long, size) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->mm_id = mm_ptr_to_hash(mm); __entry->curr = !!(current->mm == mm); __entry->member = member; __entry->size = (count << PAGE_SHIFT); ), TP_printk("mm_id=%u curr=%d member=%d size=%ldB", __entry->mm_id, __entry->curr, __entry->member, __entry->size) ); #endif /* _TRACE_KMEM_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
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SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_MM_H #define _LINUX_MM_H #include <linux/errno.h> #ifdef __KERNEL__ #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/gfp.h> #include <linux/bug.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/mmzone.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/debug_locks.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/mmap_lock.h> #include <linux/range.h> #include <linux/pfn.h> #include <linux/percpu-refcount.h> #include <linux/bit_spinlock.h> #include <linux/shrinker.h> #include <linux/resource.h> #include <linux/page_ext.h> #include <linux/err.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <linux/page_ref.h> #include <linux/memremap.h> #include <linux/overflow.h> #include <linux/sizes.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/pgtable.h> struct mempolicy; struct anon_vma; struct anon_vma_chain; struct file_ra_state; struct user_struct; struct writeback_control; struct bdi_writeback; struct pt_regs; extern int sysctl_page_lock_unfairness; void init_mm_internals(void); #ifndef CONFIG_NEED_MULTIPLE_NODES /* Don't use mapnrs, do it properly */ extern unsigned long max_mapnr; static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { max_mapnr = limit; } #else static inline void set_max_mapnr(unsigned long limit) { } #endif extern atomic_long_t _totalram_pages; static inline unsigned long totalram_pages(void) { return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_inc(void) { atomic_long_inc(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_dec(void) { atomic_long_dec(&_totalram_pages); } static inline void totalram_pages_add(long count) { atomic_long_add(count, &_totalram_pages); } extern void * high_memory; extern int page_cluster; #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL extern int sysctl_legacy_va_layout; #else #define sysctl_legacy_va_layout 0 #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_bits __read_mostly; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_min; extern const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_max; extern int mmap_rnd_compat_bits __read_mostly; #endif #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/processor.h> /* * Architectures that support memory tagging (assigning tags to memory regions, * embedding these tags into addresses that point to these memory regions, and * checking that the memory and the pointer tags match on memory accesses) * redefine this macro to strip tags from pointers. * It's defined as noop for arcitectures that don't support memory tagging. */ #ifndef untagged_addr #define untagged_addr(addr) (addr) #endif #ifndef __pa_symbol #define __pa_symbol(x) __pa(RELOC_HIDE((unsigned long)(x), 0)) #endif #ifndef page_to_virt #define page_to_virt(x) __va(PFN_PHYS(page_to_pfn(x))) #endif #ifndef lm_alias #define lm_alias(x) __va(__pa_symbol(x)) #endif /* * To prevent common memory management code establishing * a zero page mapping on a read fault. * This macro should be defined within <asm/pgtable.h>. * s390 does this to prevent multiplexing of hardware bits * related to the physical page in case of virtualization. */ #ifndef mm_forbids_zeropage #define mm_forbids_zeropage(X) (0) #endif /* * On some architectures it is expensive to call memset() for small sizes. * If an architecture decides to implement their own version of * mm_zero_struct_page they should wrap the defines below in a #ifndef and * define their own version of this macro in <asm/pgtable.h> */ #if BITS_PER_LONG == 64 /* This function must be updated when the size of struct page grows above 80 * or reduces below 56. The idea that compiler optimizes out switch() * statement, and only leaves move/store instructions. Also the compiler can * combine write statments if they are both assignments and can be reordered, * this can result in several of the writes here being dropped. */ #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) __mm_zero_struct_page(pp) static inline void __mm_zero_struct_page(struct page *page) { unsigned long *_pp = (void *)page; /* Check that struct page is either 56, 64, 72, or 80 bytes */ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) & 7); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) < 56); BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct page) > 80); switch (sizeof(struct page)) { case 80: _pp[9] = 0; fallthrough; case 72: _pp[8] = 0; fallthrough; case 64: _pp[7] = 0; fallthrough; case 56: _pp[6] = 0; _pp[5] = 0; _pp[4] = 0; _pp[3] = 0; _pp[2] = 0; _pp[1] = 0; _pp[0] = 0; } } #else #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) ((void)memset((pp), 0, sizeof(struct page))) #endif /* * Default maximum number of active map areas, this limits the number of vmas * per mm struct. Users can overwrite this number by sysctl but there is a * problem. * * When a program's coredump is generated as ELF format, a section is created * per a vma. In ELF, the number of sections is represented in unsigned short. * This means the number of sections should be smaller than 65535 at coredump. * Because the kernel adds some informative sections to a image of program at * generating coredump, we need some margin. The number of extra sections is * 1-3 now and depends on arch. We use "5" as safe margin, here. * * ELF extended numbering allows more than 65535 sections, so 16-bit bound is * not a hard limit any more. Although some userspace tools can be surprised by * that. */ #define MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN (5) #define DEFAULT_MAX_MAP_COUNT (USHRT_MAX - MAPCOUNT_ELF_CORE_MARGIN) extern int sysctl_max_map_count; extern unsigned long sysctl_user_reserve_kbytes; extern unsigned long sysctl_admin_reserve_kbytes; extern int sysctl_overcommit_memory; extern int sysctl_overcommit_ratio; extern unsigned long sysctl_overcommit_kbytes; int overcommit_ratio_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_kbytes_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); int overcommit_policy_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *, loff_t *); #define nth_page(page,n) pfn_to_page(page_to_pfn((page)) + (n)) /* to align the pointer to the (next) page boundary */ #define PAGE_ALIGN(addr) ALIGN(addr, PAGE_SIZE) /* test whether an address (unsigned long or pointer) is aligned to PAGE_SIZE */ #define PAGE_ALIGNED(addr) IS_ALIGNED((unsigned long)(addr), PAGE_SIZE) #define lru_to_page(head) (list_entry((head)->prev, struct page, lru)) /* * Linux kernel virtual memory manager primitives. * The idea being to have a "virtual" mm in the same way * we have a virtual fs - giving a cleaner interface to the * mm details, and allowing different kinds of memory mappings * (from shared memory to executable loading to arbitrary * mmap() functions). */ struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_alloc(struct mm_struct *); struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_dup(struct vm_area_struct *); void vm_area_free(struct vm_area_struct *); #ifndef CONFIG_MMU extern struct rb_root nommu_region_tree; extern struct rw_semaphore nommu_region_sem; extern unsigned int kobjsize(const void *objp); #endif /* * vm_flags in vm_area_struct, see mm_types.h. * When changing, update also include/trace/events/mmflags.h */ #define VM_NONE 0x00000000 #define VM_READ 0x00000001 /* currently active flags */ #define VM_WRITE 0x00000002 #define VM_EXEC 0x00000004 #define VM_SHARED 0x00000008 /* mprotect() hardcodes VM_MAYREAD >> 4 == VM_READ, and so for r/w/x bits. */ #define VM_MAYREAD 0x00000010 /* limits for mprotect() etc */ #define VM_MAYWRITE 0x00000020 #define VM_MAYEXEC 0x00000040 #define VM_MAYSHARE 0x00000080 #define VM_GROWSDOWN 0x00000100 /* general info on the segment */ #define VM_UFFD_MISSING 0x00000200 /* missing pages tracking */ #define VM_PFNMAP 0x00000400 /* Page-ranges managed without "struct page", just pure PFN */ #define VM_DENYWRITE 0x00000800 /* ETXTBSY on write attempts.. */ #define VM_UFFD_WP 0x00001000 /* wrprotect pages tracking */ #define VM_LOCKED 0x00002000 #define VM_IO 0x00004000 /* Memory mapped I/O or similar */ /* Used by sys_madvise() */ #define VM_SEQ_READ 0x00008000 /* App will access data sequentially */ #define VM_RAND_READ 0x00010000 /* App will not benefit from clustered reads */ #define VM_DONTCOPY 0x00020000 /* Do not copy this vma on fork */ #define VM_DONTEXPAND 0x00040000 /* Cannot expand with mremap() */ #define VM_LOCKONFAULT 0x00080000 /* Lock the pages covered when they are faulted in */ #define VM_ACCOUNT 0x00100000 /* Is a VM accounted object */ #define VM_NORESERVE 0x00200000 /* should the VM suppress accounting */ #define VM_HUGETLB 0x00400000 /* Huge TLB Page VM */ #define VM_SYNC 0x00800000 /* Synchronous page faults */ #define VM_ARCH_1 0x01000000 /* Architecture-specific flag */ #define VM_WIPEONFORK 0x02000000 /* Wipe VMA contents in child. */ #define VM_DONTDUMP 0x04000000 /* Do not include in the core dump */ #ifdef CONFIG_MEM_SOFT_DIRTY # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0x08000000 /* Not soft dirty clean area */ #else # define VM_SOFTDIRTY 0 #endif #define VM_MIXEDMAP 0x10000000 /* Can contain "struct page" and pure PFN pages */ #define VM_HUGEPAGE 0x20000000 /* MADV_HUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_NOHUGEPAGE 0x40000000 /* MADV_NOHUGEPAGE marked this vma */ #define VM_MERGEABLE 0x80000000 /* KSM may merge identical pages */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 32 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1 33 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2 34 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3 35 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4 36 /* bit only usable on 64-bit architectures */ #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_1) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_2) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_3) #define VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 BIT(VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_4) #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS */ #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS # define VM_PKEY_SHIFT VM_HIGH_ARCH_BIT_0 # define VM_PKEY_BIT0 VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* A protection key is a 4-bit value */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT1 VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* on x86 and 5-bit value on ppc64 */ # define VM_PKEY_BIT2 VM_HIGH_ARCH_2 # define VM_PKEY_BIT3 VM_HIGH_ARCH_3 #ifdef CONFIG_PPC # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 VM_HIGH_ARCH_4 #else # define VM_PKEY_BIT4 0 #endif #endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PKEYS */ #if defined(CONFIG_X86) # define VM_PAT VM_ARCH_1 /* PAT reserves whole VMA at once (x86) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PPC) # define VM_SAO VM_ARCH_1 /* Strong Access Ordering (powerpc) */ #elif defined(CONFIG_PARISC) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_IA64) # define VM_GROWSUP VM_ARCH_1 #elif defined(CONFIG_SPARC64) # define VM_SPARC_ADI VM_ARCH_1 /* Uses ADI tag for access control */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_SPARC_ADI #elif defined(CONFIG_ARM64) # define VM_ARM64_BTI VM_ARCH_1 /* BTI guarded page, a.k.a. GP bit */ # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_ARM64_BTI #elif !defined(CONFIG_MMU) # define VM_MAPPED_COPY VM_ARCH_1 /* T if mapped copy of data (nommu mmap) */ #endif #if defined(CONFIG_ARM64_MTE) # define VM_MTE VM_HIGH_ARCH_0 /* Use Tagged memory for access control */ # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_HIGH_ARCH_1 /* Tagged memory permitted */ #else # define VM_MTE VM_NONE # define VM_MTE_ALLOWED VM_NONE #endif #ifndef VM_GROWSUP # define VM_GROWSUP VM_NONE #endif /* Bits set in the VMA until the stack is in its final location */ #define VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP (VM_RAND_READ | VM_SEQ_READ) #define TASK_EXEC ((current->personality & READ_IMPLIES_EXEC) ? VM_EXEC : 0) /* Common data flag combinations */ #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_TSK_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | TASK_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_NON_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_MAYREAD | \ VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #define VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC | \ VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC) #ifndef VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_FLAGS_EXEC #endif #ifndef VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS /* arch can override this */ #define VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS #endif #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSUP #else #define VM_STACK VM_GROWSDOWN #endif #define VM_STACK_FLAGS (VM_STACK | VM_STACK_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_ACCOUNT) /* VMA basic access permission flags */ #define VM_ACCESS_FLAGS (VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC) /* * Special vmas that are non-mergable, non-mlock()able. */ #define VM_SPECIAL (VM_IO | VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_PFNMAP | VM_MIXEDMAP) /* This mask prevents VMA from being scanned with khugepaged */ #define VM_NO_KHUGEPAGED (VM_SPECIAL | VM_HUGETLB) /* This mask defines which mm->def_flags a process can inherit its parent */ #define VM_INIT_DEF_MASK VM_NOHUGEPAGE /* This mask is used to clear all the VMA flags used by mlock */ #define VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK (~(VM_LOCKED | VM_LOCKONFAULT)) /* Arch-specific flags to clear when updating VM flags on protection change */ #ifndef VM_ARCH_CLEAR # define VM_ARCH_CLEAR VM_NONE #endif #define VM_FLAGS_CLEAR (ARCH_VM_PKEY_FLAGS | VM_ARCH_CLEAR) /* * mapping from the currently active vm_flags protection bits (the * low four bits) to a page protection mask.. */ extern pgprot_t protection_map[16]; /** * Fault flag definitions. * * @FAULT_FLAG_WRITE: Fault was a write fault. * @FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE: Fault was mkwrite of existing PTE. * @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY: Allow to retry the fault if blocked. * @FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT: Don't drop mmap_lock and wait when retrying. * @FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE: The fault task is in SIGKILL killable region. * @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: The fault has been tried once. * @FAULT_FLAG_USER: The fault originated in userspace. * @FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE: The fault is not for current task/mm. * @FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION: The fault was during an instruction fetch. * @FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE: The fault can be interrupted by non-fatal signals. * * About @FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY and @FAULT_FLAG_TRIED: we can specify * whether we would allow page faults to retry by specifying these two * fault flags correctly. Currently there can be three legal combinations: * * (a) ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * this is the first try * * (b) ALLOW_RETRY and TRIED: this means the page fault allows retry, and * we've already tried at least once * * (c) !ALLOW_RETRY and !TRIED: this means the page fault does not allow retry * * The unlisted combination (!ALLOW_RETRY && TRIED) is illegal and should never * be used. Note that page faults can be allowed to retry for multiple times, * in which case we'll have an initial fault with flags (a) then later on * continuous faults with flags (b). We should always try to detect pending * signals before a retry to make sure the continuous page faults can still be * interrupted if necessary. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_WRITE 0x01 #define FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE 0x02 #define FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY 0x04 #define FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT 0x08 #define FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE 0x10 #define FAULT_FLAG_TRIED 0x20 #define FAULT_FLAG_USER 0x40 #define FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE 0x80 #define FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION 0x100 #define FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE 0x200 /* * The default fault flags that should be used by most of the * arch-specific page fault handlers. */ #define FAULT_FLAG_DEFAULT (FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | \ FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE | \ FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE) /** * fault_flag_allow_retry_first - check ALLOW_RETRY the first time * * This is mostly used for places where we want to try to avoid taking * the mmap_lock for too long a time when waiting for another condition * to change, in which case we can try to be polite to release the * mmap_lock in the first round to avoid potential starvation of other * processes that would also want the mmap_lock. * * Return: true if the page fault allows retry and this is the first * attempt of the fault handling; false otherwise. */ static inline bool fault_flag_allow_retry_first(unsigned int flags) { return (flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) && (!(flags & FAULT_FLAG_TRIED)); } #define FAULT_FLAG_TRACE \ { FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, "WRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_MKWRITE, "MKWRITE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY, "ALLOW_RETRY" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT, "RETRY_NOWAIT" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE, "KILLABLE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_TRIED, "TRIED" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_USER, "USER" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE, "REMOTE" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INSTRUCTION, "INSTRUCTION" }, \ { FAULT_FLAG_INTERRUPTIBLE, "INTERRUPTIBLE" } /* * vm_fault is filled by the pagefault handler and passed to the vma's * ->fault function. The vma's ->fault is responsible for returning a bitmask * of VM_FAULT_xxx flags that give details about how the fault was handled. * * MM layer fills up gfp_mask for page allocations but fault handler might * alter it if its implementation requires a different allocation context. * * pgoff should be used in favour of virtual_address, if possible. */ struct vm_fault { struct vm_area_struct *vma; /* Target VMA */ unsigned int flags; /* FAULT_FLAG_xxx flags */ gfp_t gfp_mask; /* gfp mask to be used for allocations */ pgoff_t pgoff; /* Logical page offset based on vma */ unsigned long address; /* Faulting virtual address */ pmd_t *pmd; /* Pointer to pmd entry matching * the 'address' */ pud_t *pud; /* Pointer to pud entry matching * the 'address' */ pte_t orig_pte; /* Value of PTE at the time of fault */ struct page *cow_page; /* Page handler may use for COW fault */ struct page *page; /* ->fault handlers should return a * page here, unless VM_FAULT_NOPAGE * is set (which is also implied by * VM_FAULT_ERROR). */ /* These three entries are valid only while holding ptl lock */ pte_t *pte; /* Pointer to pte entry matching * the 'address'. NULL if the page * table hasn't been allocated. */ spinlock_t *ptl; /* Page table lock. * Protects pte page table if 'pte' * is not NULL, otherwise pmd. */ pgtable_t prealloc_pte; /* Pre-allocated pte page table. * vm_ops->map_pages() calls * alloc_set_pte() from atomic context. * do_fault_around() pre-allocates * page table to avoid allocation from * atomic context. */ }; /* page entry size for vm->huge_fault() */ enum page_entry_size { PE_SIZE_PTE = 0, PE_SIZE_PMD, PE_SIZE_PUD, }; /* * These are the virtual MM functions - opening of an area, closing and * unmapping it (needed to keep files on disk up-to-date etc), pointer * to the functions called when a no-page or a wp-page exception occurs. */ struct vm_operations_struct { void (*open)(struct vm_area_struct * area); void (*close)(struct vm_area_struct * area); int (*split)(struct vm_area_struct * area, unsigned long addr); int (*mremap)(struct vm_area_struct * area); vm_fault_t (*fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t (*huge_fault)(struct vm_fault *vmf, enum page_entry_size pe_size); void (*map_pages)(struct vm_fault *vmf, pgoff_t start_pgoff, pgoff_t end_pgoff); unsigned long (*pagesize)(struct vm_area_struct * area); /* notification that a previously read-only page is about to become * writable, if an error is returned it will cause a SIGBUS */ vm_fault_t (*page_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* same as page_mkwrite when using VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP */ vm_fault_t (*pfn_mkwrite)(struct vm_fault *vmf); /* called by access_process_vm when get_user_pages() fails, typically * for use by special VMAs that can switch between memory and hardware */ int (*access)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); /* Called by the /proc/PID/maps code to ask the vma whether it * has a special name. Returning non-NULL will also cause this * vma to be dumped unconditionally. */ const char *(*name)(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA /* * set_policy() op must add a reference to any non-NULL @new mempolicy * to hold the policy upon return. Caller should pass NULL @new to * remove a policy and fall back to surrounding context--i.e. do not * install a MPOL_DEFAULT policy, nor the task or system default * mempolicy. */ int (*set_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mempolicy *new); /* * get_policy() op must add reference [mpol_get()] to any policy at * (vma,addr) marked as MPOL_SHARED. The shared policy infrastructure * in mm/mempolicy.c will do this automatically. * get_policy() must NOT add a ref if the policy at (vma,addr) is not * marked as MPOL_SHARED. vma policies are protected by the mmap_lock. * If no [shared/vma] mempolicy exists at the addr, get_policy() op * must return NULL--i.e., do not "fallback" to task or system default * policy. */ struct mempolicy *(*get_policy)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); #endif /* * Called by vm_normal_page() for special PTEs to find the * page for @addr. This is useful if the default behavior * (using pte_page()) would not find the correct page. */ struct page *(*find_special_page)(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr); }; static inline void vma_init(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct mm_struct *mm) { static const struct vm_operations_struct dummy_vm_ops = {}; memset(vma, 0, sizeof(*vma)); vma->vm_mm = mm; vma->vm_ops = &dummy_vm_ops; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vma->anon_vma_chain); } static inline void vma_set_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { vma->vm_ops = NULL; } static inline bool vma_is_anonymous(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return !vma->vm_ops; } static inline bool vma_is_temporary_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { int maybe_stack = vma->vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN | VM_GROWSUP); if (!maybe_stack) return false; if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) == VM_STACK_INCOMPLETE_SETUP) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_foreign(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (!current->mm) return true; if (current->mm != vma->vm_mm) return true; return false; } static inline bool vma_is_accessible(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCESS_FLAGS; } #ifdef CONFIG_SHMEM /* * The vma_is_shmem is not inline because it is used only by slow * paths in userfault. */ bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma); #else static inline bool vma_is_shmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { return false; } #endif int vma_is_stack_for_current(struct vm_area_struct *vma); /* flush_tlb_range() takes a vma, not a mm, and can care about flags */ #define TLB_FLUSH_VMA(mm,flags) { .vm_mm = (mm), .vm_flags = (flags) } struct mmu_gather; struct inode; #include <linux/huge_mm.h> /* * Methods to modify the page usage count. * * What counts for a page usage: * - cache mapping (page->mapping) * - private data (page->private) * - page mapped in a task's page tables, each mapping * is counted separately * * Also, many kernel routines increase the page count before a critical * routine so they can be sure the page doesn't go away from under them. */ /* * Drop a ref, return true if the refcount fell to zero (the page has no users) */ static inline int put_page_testzero(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_count(page) == 0, page); return page_ref_dec_and_test(page); } /* * Try to grab a ref unless the page has a refcount of zero, return false if * that is the case. * This can be called when MMU is off so it must not access * any of the virtual mappings. */ static inline int get_page_unless_zero(struct page *page) { return page_ref_add_unless(page, 1, 0); } extern int page_is_ram(unsigned long pfn); enum { REGION_INTERSECTS, REGION_DISJOINT, REGION_MIXED, }; int region_intersects(resource_size_t offset, size_t size, unsigned long flags, unsigned long desc); /* Support for virtually mapped pages */ struct page *vmalloc_to_page(const void *addr); unsigned long vmalloc_to_pfn(const void *addr); /* * Determine if an address is within the vmalloc range * * On nommu, vmalloc/vfree wrap through kmalloc/kfree directly, so there * is no special casing required. */ #ifndef is_ioremap_addr #define is_ioremap_addr(x) is_vmalloc_addr(x) #endif #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x); extern int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x); #else static inline bool is_vmalloc_addr(const void *x) { return false; } static inline int is_vmalloc_or_module_addr(const void *x) { return 0; } #endif extern void *kvmalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node); static inline void *kvmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags, NUMA_NO_NODE); } static inline void *kvzalloc_node(size_t size, gfp_t flags, int node) { return kvmalloc_node(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO, node); } static inline void *kvzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc(size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } static inline void *kvmalloc_array(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { size_t bytes; if (unlikely(check_mul_overflow(n, size, &bytes))) return NULL; return kvmalloc(bytes, flags); } static inline void *kvcalloc(size_t n, size_t size, gfp_t flags) { return kvmalloc_array(n, size, flags | __GFP_ZERO); } extern void kvfree(const void *addr); extern void kvfree_sensitive(const void *addr, size_t len); static inline int head_compound_mapcount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_mapcount_ptr(head)) + 1; } /* * Mapcount of compound page as a whole, does not include mapped sub-pages. * * Must be called only for compound pages or any their tail sub-pages. */ static inline int compound_mapcount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageCompound(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_mapcount(page); } /* * The atomic page->_mapcount, starts from -1: so that transitions * both from it and to it can be tracked, using atomic_inc_and_test * and atomic_add_negative(-1). */ static inline void page_mapcount_reset(struct page *page) { atomic_set(&(page)->_mapcount, -1); } int __page_mapcount(struct page *page); /* * Mapcount of 0-order page; when compound sub-page, includes * compound_mapcount(). * * Result is undefined for pages which cannot be mapped into userspace. * For example SLAB or special types of pages. See function page_has_type(). * They use this place in struct page differently. */ static inline int page_mapcount(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageCompound(page))) return __page_mapcount(page); return atomic_read(&page->_mapcount) + 1; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE int total_mapcount(struct page *page); int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount); #else static inline int total_mapcount(struct page *page) { return page_mapcount(page); } static inline int page_trans_huge_mapcount(struct page *page, int *total_mapcount) { int mapcount = page_mapcount(page); if (total_mapcount) *total_mapcount = mapcount; return mapcount; } #endif static inline struct page *virt_to_head_page(const void *x) { struct page *page = virt_to_page(x); return compound_head(page); } void __put_page(struct page *page); void put_pages_list(struct list_head *pages); void split_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order); /* * Compound pages have a destructor function. Provide a * prototype for that function and accessor functions. * These are _only_ valid on the head of a compound page. */ typedef void compound_page_dtor(struct page *); /* Keep the enum in sync with compound_page_dtors array in mm/page_alloc.c */ enum compound_dtor_id { NULL_COMPOUND_DTOR, COMPOUND_PAGE_DTOR, #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE HUGETLB_PAGE_DTOR, #endif #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE TRANSHUGE_PAGE_DTOR, #endif NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, }; extern compound_page_dtor * const compound_page_dtors[NR_COMPOUND_DTORS]; static inline void set_compound_page_dtor(struct page *page, enum compound_dtor_id compound_dtor) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); page[1].compound_dtor = compound_dtor; } static inline void destroy_compound_page(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page[1].compound_dtor >= NR_COMPOUND_DTORS, page); compound_page_dtors[page[1].compound_dtor](page); } static inline unsigned int compound_order(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 0; return page[1].compound_order; } static inline bool hpage_pincount_available(struct page *page) { /* * Can the page->hpage_pinned_refcount field be used? That field is in * the 3rd page of the compound page, so the smallest (2-page) compound * pages cannot support it. */ page = compound_head(page); return PageCompound(page) && compound_order(page) > 1; } static inline int head_compound_pincount(struct page *head) { return atomic_read(compound_pincount_ptr(head)); } static inline int compound_pincount(struct page *page) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!hpage_pincount_available(page), page); page = compound_head(page); return head_compound_pincount(page); } static inline void set_compound_order(struct page *page, unsigned int order) { page[1].compound_order = order; page[1].compound_nr = 1U << order; } /* Returns the number of pages in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long compound_nr(struct page *page) { if (!PageHead(page)) return 1; return page[1].compound_nr; } /* Returns the number of bytes in this potentially compound page. */ static inline unsigned long page_size(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SIZE << compound_order(page); } /* Returns the number of bits needed for the number of bytes in a page */ static inline unsigned int page_shift(struct page *page) { return PAGE_SHIFT + compound_order(page); } void free_compound_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU /* * Do pte_mkwrite, but only if the vma says VM_WRITE. We do this when * servicing faults for write access. In the normal case, do always want * pte_mkwrite. But get_user_pages can cause write faults for mappings * that do not have writing enabled, when used by access_process_vm. */ static inline pte_t maybe_mkwrite(pte_t pte, struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (likely(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) pte = pte_mkwrite(pte); return pte; } vm_fault_t alloc_set_pte(struct vm_fault *vmf, struct page *page); vm_fault_t finish_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); vm_fault_t finish_mkwrite_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf); #endif /* * Multiple processes may "see" the same page. E.g. for untouched * mappings of /dev/null, all processes see the same page full of * zeroes, and text pages of executables and shared libraries have * only one copy in memory, at most, normally. * * For the non-reserved pages, page_count(page) denotes a reference count. * page_count() == 0 means the page is free. page->lru is then used for * freelist management in the buddy allocator. * page_count() > 0 means the page has been allocated. * * Pages are allocated by the slab allocator in order to provide memory * to kmalloc and kmem_cache_alloc. In this case, the management of the * page, and the fields in 'struct page' are the responsibility of mm/slab.c * unless a particular usage is carefully commented. (the responsibility of * freeing the kmalloc memory is the caller's, of course). * * A page may be used by anyone else who does a __get_free_page(). * In this case, page_count still tracks the references, and should only * be used through the normal accessor functions. The top bits of page->flags * and page->virtual store page management information, but all other fields * are unused and could be used privately, carefully. The management of this * page is the responsibility of the one who allocated it, and those who have * subsequently been given references to it. * * The other pages (we may call them "pagecache pages") are completely * managed by the Linux memory manager: I/O, buffers, swapping etc. * The following discussion applies only to them. * * A pagecache page contains an opaque `private' member, which belongs to the * page's address_space. Usually, this is the address of a circular list of * the page's disk buffers. PG_private must be set to tell the VM to call * into the filesystem to release these pages. * * A page may belong to an inode's memory mapping. In this case, page->mapping * is the pointer to the inode, and page->index is the file offset of the page, * in units of PAGE_SIZE. * * If pagecache pages are not associated with an inode, they are said to be * anonymous pages. These may become associated with the swapcache, and in that * case PG_swapcache is set, and page->private is an offset into the swapcache. * * In either case (swapcache or inode backed), the pagecache itself holds one * reference to the page. Setting PG_private should also increment the * refcount. The each user mapping also has a reference to the page. * * The pagecache pages are stored in a per-mapping radix tree, which is * rooted at mapping->i_pages, and indexed by offset. * Where 2.4 and early 2.6 kernels kept dirty/clean pages in per-address_space * lists, we instead now tag pages as dirty/writeback in the radix tree. * * All pagecache pages may be subject to I/O: * - inode pages may need to be read from disk, * - inode pages which have been modified and are MAP_SHARED may need * to be written back to the inode on disk, * - anonymous pages (including MAP_PRIVATE file mappings) which have been * modified may need to be swapped out to swap space and (later) to be read * back into memory. */ /* * The zone field is never updated after free_area_init_core() * sets it, so none of the operations on it need to be atomic. */ /* Page flags: | [SECTION] | [NODE] | ZONE | [LAST_CPUPID] | ... | FLAGS | */ #define SECTIONS_PGOFF ((sizeof(unsigned long)*8) - SECTIONS_WIDTH) #define NODES_PGOFF (SECTIONS_PGOFF - NODES_WIDTH) #define ZONES_PGOFF (NODES_PGOFF - ZONES_WIDTH) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF (ZONES_PGOFF - LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH) #define KASAN_TAG_PGOFF (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) /* * Define the bit shifts to access each section. For non-existent * sections we define the shift as 0; that plus a 0 mask ensures * the compiler will optimise away reference to them. */ #define SECTIONS_PGSHIFT (SECTIONS_PGOFF * (SECTIONS_WIDTH != 0)) #define NODES_PGSHIFT (NODES_PGOFF * (NODES_WIDTH != 0)) #define ZONES_PGSHIFT (ZONES_PGOFF * (ZONES_WIDTH != 0)) #define LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF * (LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH != 0)) #define KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT (KASAN_TAG_PGOFF * (KASAN_TAG_WIDTH != 0)) /* NODE:ZONE or SECTION:ZONE is used to ID a zone for the buddy allocator */ #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #define ZONEID_SHIFT (SECTIONS_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((SECTIONS_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ SECTIONS_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #else #define ZONEID_SHIFT (NODES_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT) #define ZONEID_PGOFF ((NODES_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF)? \ NODES_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF) #endif #define ZONEID_PGSHIFT (ZONEID_PGOFF * (ZONEID_SHIFT != 0)) #define ZONES_MASK ((1UL << ZONES_WIDTH) - 1) #define NODES_MASK ((1UL << NODES_WIDTH) - 1) #define SECTIONS_MASK ((1UL << SECTIONS_WIDTH) - 1) #define LAST_CPUPID_MASK ((1UL << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1) #define KASAN_TAG_MASK ((1UL << KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) - 1) #define ZONEID_MASK ((1UL << ZONEID_SHIFT) - 1) static inline enum zone_type page_zonenum(const struct page *page) { ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS(page->flags, ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); return (page->flags >> ZONES_PGSHIFT) & ZONES_MASK; } #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return page_zonenum(page) == ZONE_DEVICE; } extern void memmap_init_zone_device(struct zone *, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct dev_pagemap *); #else static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page) { return false; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS void free_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(devmap_managed_key); static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { if (!static_branch_unlikely(&devmap_managed_key)) return false; if (!is_zone_device_page(page)) return false; switch (page->pgmap->type) { case MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE: case MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX: return true; default: break; } return false; } void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page); #else /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool page_is_devmap_managed(struct page *page) { return false; } static inline void put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page) { } #endif /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */ static inline bool is_device_private_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE; } static inline bool is_pci_p2pdma_page(const struct page *page) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS) && IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PCI_P2PDMA) && is_zone_device_page(page) && page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PCI_P2PDMA; } /* 127: arbitrary random number, small enough to assemble well */ #define page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page) \ ((unsigned int) page_ref_count(page) + 127u <= 127u) static inline void get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * Getting a normal page or the head of a compound page * requires to already have an elevated page->_refcount. */ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_ref_zero_or_close_to_overflow(page), page); page_ref_inc(page); } bool __must_check try_grab_page(struct page *page, unsigned int flags); static inline __must_check bool try_get_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); if (WARN_ON_ONCE(page_ref_count(page) <= 0)) return false; page_ref_inc(page); return true; } static inline void put_page(struct page *page) { page = compound_head(page); /* * For devmap managed pages we need to catch refcount transition from * 2 to 1, when refcount reach one it means the page is free and we * need to inform the device driver through callback. See * include/linux/memremap.h and HMM for details. */ if (page_is_devmap_managed(page)) { put_devmap_managed_page(page); return; } if (put_page_testzero(page)) __put_page(page); } /* * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS, and the associated functions that use it, overload * the page's refcount so that two separate items are tracked: the original page * reference count, and also a new count of how many pin_user_pages() calls were * made against the page. ("gup-pinned" is another term for the latter). * * With this scheme, pin_user_pages() becomes special: such pages are marked as * distinct from normal pages. As such, the unpin_user_page() call (and its * variants) must be used in order to release gup-pinned pages. * * Choice of value: * * By making GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS a power of two, debugging of page reference * counts with respect to pin_user_pages() and unpin_user_page() becomes * simpler, due to the fact that adding an even power of two to the page * refcount has the effect of using only the upper N bits, for the code that * counts up using the bias value. This means that the lower bits are left for * the exclusive use of the original code that increments and decrements by one * (or at least, by much smaller values than the bias value). * * Of course, once the lower bits overflow into the upper bits (and this is * OK, because subtraction recovers the original values), then visual inspection * no longer suffices to directly view the separate counts. However, for normal * applications that don't have huge page reference counts, this won't be an * issue. * * Locking: the lockless algorithm described in page_cache_get_speculative() * and page_cache_gup_pin_speculative() provides safe operation for * get_user_pages and page_mkclean and other calls that race to set up page * table entries. */ #define GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS (1U << 10) void unpin_user_page(struct page *page); void unpin_user_pages_dirty_lock(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages, bool make_dirty); void unpin_user_pages(struct page **pages, unsigned long npages); /** * page_maybe_dma_pinned() - report if a page is pinned for DMA. * * This function checks if a page has been pinned via a call to * pin_user_pages*(). * * For non-huge pages, the return value is partially fuzzy: false is not fuzzy, * because it means "definitely not pinned for DMA", but true means "probably * pinned for DMA, but possibly a false positive due to having at least * GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS worth of normal page references". * * False positives are OK, because: a) it's unlikely for a page to get that many * refcounts, and b) all the callers of this routine are expected to be able to * deal gracefully with a false positive. * * For huge pages, the result will be exactly correct. That's because we have * more tracking data available: the 3rd struct page in the compound page is * used to track the pincount (instead using of the GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS * scheme). * * For more information, please see Documentation/core-api/pin_user_pages.rst. * * @page: pointer to page to be queried. * @Return: True, if it is likely that the page has been "dma-pinned". * False, if the page is definitely not dma-pinned. */ static inline bool page_maybe_dma_pinned(struct page *page) { if (hpage_pincount_available(page)) return compound_pincount(page) > 0; /* * page_ref_count() is signed. If that refcount overflows, then * page_ref_count() returns a negative value, and callers will avoid * further incrementing the refcount. * * Here, for that overflow case, use the signed bit to count a little * bit higher via unsigned math, and thus still get an accurate result. */ return ((unsigned int)page_ref_count(compound_head(page))) >= GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS; } #if defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM) && !defined(CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP) #define SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS #endif /* * The identification function is mainly used by the buddy allocator for * determining if two pages could be buddies. We are not really identifying * the zone since we could be using the section number id if we do not have * node id available in page flags. * We only guarantee that it will return the same value for two combinable * pages in a zone. */ static inline int page_zone_id(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> ZONEID_PGSHIFT) & ZONEID_MASK; } #ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS extern int page_to_nid(const struct page *page); #else static inline int page_to_nid(const struct page *page) { struct page *p = (struct page *)page; return (PF_POISONED_CHECK(p)->flags >> NODES_PGSHIFT) & NODES_MASK; } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int cpu, int pid) { return ((cpu & LAST__CPU_MASK) << LAST__PID_SHIFT) | (pid & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return cpupid & LAST__PID_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return (cpupid >> LAST__PID_SHIFT) & LAST__CPU_MASK; } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return cpu_to_node(cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid)); } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_pid(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__PID_MASK); } static inline bool cpupid_cpu_unset(int cpupid) { return cpupid_to_cpu(cpupid) == (-1 & LAST__CPU_MASK); } static inline bool __cpupid_match_pid(pid_t task_pid, int cpupid) { return (task_pid & LAST__PID_MASK) == cpupid_to_pid(cpupid); } #define cpupid_match_pid(task, cpupid) __cpupid_match_pid(task->pid, cpupid) #ifdef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return xchg(&page->_last_cpupid, cpupid & LAST_CPUPID_MASK); } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page->_last_cpupid; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->_last_cpupid = -1 & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } #else static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT) & LAST_CPUPID_MASK; } extern int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid); static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { page->flags |= LAST_CPUPID_MASK << LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT; } #endif /* LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS */ #else /* !CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static inline int page_cpupid_xchg_last(struct page *page, int cpupid) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int page_cpupid_last(struct page *page) { return page_to_nid(page); /* XXX */ } static inline int cpupid_to_nid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_pid(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpupid_to_cpu(int cpupid) { return -1; } static inline int cpu_pid_to_cpupid(int nid, int pid) { return -1; } static inline bool cpupid_pid_unset(int cpupid) { return true; } static inline void page_cpupid_reset_last(struct page *page) { } static inline bool cpupid_match_pid(struct task_struct *task, int cpupid) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ #ifdef CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS /* * KASAN per-page tags are stored xor'ed with 0xff. This allows to avoid * setting tags for all pages to native kernel tag value 0xff, as the default * value 0x00 maps to 0xff. */ static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { u8 tag; tag = (page->flags >> KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT) & KASAN_TAG_MASK; tag ^= 0xff; return tag; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { tag ^= 0xff; page->flags &= ~(KASAN_TAG_MASK << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (tag & KASAN_TAG_MASK) << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { page_kasan_tag_set(page, 0xff); } #else static inline u8 page_kasan_tag(const struct page *page) { return 0xff; } static inline void page_kasan_tag_set(struct page *page, u8 tag) { } static inline void page_kasan_tag_reset(struct page *page) { } #endif static inline struct zone *page_zone(const struct page *page) { return &NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page))->node_zones[page_zonenum(page)]; } static inline pg_data_t *page_pgdat(const struct page *page) { return NODE_DATA(page_to_nid(page)); } #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS static inline void set_page_section(struct page *page, unsigned long section) { page->flags &= ~(SECTIONS_MASK << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (section & SECTIONS_MASK) << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT; } static inline unsigned long page_to_section(const struct page *page) { return (page->flags >> SECTIONS_PGSHIFT) & SECTIONS_MASK; } #endif static inline void set_page_zone(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone) { page->flags &= ~(ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (zone & ZONES_MASK) << ZONES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_node(struct page *page, unsigned long node) { page->flags &= ~(NODES_MASK << NODES_PGSHIFT); page->flags |= (node & NODES_MASK) << NODES_PGSHIFT; } static inline void set_page_links(struct page *page, enum zone_type zone, unsigned long node, unsigned long pfn) { set_page_zone(page, zone); set_page_node(page, node); #ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS set_page_section(page, pfn_to_section_nr(pfn)); #endif } #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return page->mem_cgroup; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return READ_ONCE(page->mem_cgroup); } #else static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg(struct page *page) { return NULL; } static inline struct mem_cgroup *page_memcg_rcu(struct page *page) { WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held()); return NULL; } #endif /* * Some inline functions in vmstat.h depend on page_zone() */ #include <linux/vmstat.h> static __always_inline void *lowmem_page_address(const struct page *page) { return page_to_virt(page); } #if defined(CONFIG_HIGHMEM) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL #endif #if defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) static inline void *page_address(const struct page *page) { return page->virtual; } static inline void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *address) { page->virtual = address; } #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif #if defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) void *page_address(const struct page *page); void set_page_address(struct page *page, void *virtual); void page_address_init(void); #endif #if !defined(HASHED_PAGE_VIRTUAL) && !defined(WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL) #define page_address(page) lowmem_page_address(page) #define set_page_address(page, address) do { } while(0) #define page_address_init() do { } while(0) #endif extern void *page_rmapping(struct page *page); extern struct anon_vma *page_anon_vma(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); extern struct address_space *__page_file_mapping(struct page *); static inline struct address_space *page_file_mapping(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_mapping(page); return page->mapping; } extern pgoff_t __page_file_index(struct page *page); /* * Return the pagecache index of the passed page. Regular pagecache pages * use ->index whereas swapcache pages use swp_offset(->private) */ static inline pgoff_t page_index(struct page *page) { if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page))) return __page_file_index(page); return page->index; } bool page_mapped(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping(struct page *page); struct address_space *page_mapping_file(struct page *page); /* * Return true only if the page has been allocated with * ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS and the low watermark was not * met implying that the system is under some pressure. */ static inline bool page_is_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { /* * Page index cannot be this large so this must be * a pfmemalloc page. */ return page->index == -1UL; } /* * Only to be called by the page allocator on a freshly allocated * page. */ static inline void set_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = -1UL; } static inline void clear_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page) { page->index = 0; } /* * Can be called by the pagefault handler when it gets a VM_FAULT_OOM. */ extern void pagefault_out_of_memory(void); #define offset_in_page(p) ((unsigned long)(p) & ~PAGE_MASK) #define offset_in_thp(page, p) ((unsigned long)(p) & (thp_size(page) - 1)) /* * Flags passed to show_mem() and show_free_areas() to suppress output in * various contexts. */ #define SHOW_MEM_FILTER_NODES (0x0001u) /* disallowed nodes */ extern void show_free_areas(unsigned int flags, nodemask_t *nodemask); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern bool can_do_mlock(void); #else static inline bool can_do_mlock(void) { return false; } #endif extern int user_shm_lock(size_t, struct user_struct *); extern void user_shm_unlock(size_t, struct user_struct *); /* * Parameter block passed down to zap_pte_range in exceptional cases. */ struct zap_details { struct address_space *check_mapping; /* Check page->mapping if set */ pgoff_t first_index; /* Lowest page->index to unmap */ pgoff_t last_index; /* Highest page->index to unmap */ struct page *single_page; /* Locked page to be unmapped */ }; struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t pte); struct page *vm_normal_page_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t pmd); void zap_vma_ptes(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void zap_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long size); void unmap_vmas(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *start_vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end); struct mmu_notifier_range; void free_pgd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end, unsigned long floor, unsigned long ceiling); int copy_page_range(struct vm_area_struct *dst_vma, struct vm_area_struct *src_vma); int follow_invalidate_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, struct mmu_notifier_range *range, pte_t **ptepp, pmd_t **pmdpp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pte_t **ptepp, spinlock_t **ptlp); int follow_pfn(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned long *pfn); int follow_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, unsigned long *prot, resource_size_t *phys); int generic_access_phys(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, int write); extern void truncate_pagecache(struct inode *inode, loff_t new); extern void truncate_setsize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize); void pagecache_isize_extended(struct inode *inode, loff_t from, loff_t to); void truncate_pagecache_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t end); int truncate_inode_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int generic_error_remove_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page); int invalidate_inode_page(struct page *page); #ifdef CONFIG_MMU extern vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs); extern int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked); void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page); void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows); void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows); #else static inline vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags, struct pt_regs *regs) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS; } static inline int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags, bool *unlocked) { /* should never happen if there's no MMU */ BUG(); return -EFAULT; } static inline void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { } static inline void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen, int even_cows) { } #endif static inline void unmap_shared_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t const holebegin, loff_t const holelen) { unmap_mapping_range(mapping, holebegin, holelen, 0); } extern int access_process_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int access_remote_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); extern int __access_remote_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags); long get_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_remote(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas, int *locked); long get_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long pin_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas); long get_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long pin_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages, int *locked); long get_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); long pin_user_pages_unlocked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages, struct page **pages, unsigned int gup_flags); int get_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc); int __account_locked_vm(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long pages, bool inc, struct task_struct *task, bool bypass_rlim); /* Container for pinned pfns / pages */ struct frame_vector { unsigned int nr_allocated; /* Number of frames we have space for */ unsigned int nr_frames; /* Number of frames stored in ptrs array */ bool got_ref; /* Did we pin pages by getting page ref? */ bool is_pfns; /* Does array contain pages or pfns? */ void *ptrs[]; /* Array of pinned pfns / pages. Use * pfns_vector_pages() or pfns_vector_pfns() * for access */ }; struct frame_vector *frame_vector_create(unsigned int nr_frames); void frame_vector_destroy(struct frame_vector *vec); int get_vaddr_frames(unsigned long start, unsigned int nr_pfns, unsigned int gup_flags, struct frame_vector *vec); void put_vaddr_frames(struct frame_vector *vec); int frame_vector_to_pages(struct frame_vector *vec); void frame_vector_to_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec); static inline unsigned int frame_vector_count(struct frame_vector *vec) { return vec->nr_frames; } static inline struct page **frame_vector_pages(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (vec->is_pfns) { int err = frame_vector_to_pages(vec); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); } return (struct page **)(vec->ptrs); } static inline unsigned long *frame_vector_pfns(struct frame_vector *vec) { if (!vec->is_pfns) frame_vector_to_pfns(vec); return (unsigned long *)(vec->ptrs); } struct kvec; int get_kernel_pages(const struct kvec *iov, int nr_pages, int write, struct page **pages); int get_kernel_page(unsigned long start, int write, struct page **pages); struct page *get_dump_page(unsigned long addr); extern int try_to_release_page(struct page * page, gfp_t gfp_mask); extern void do_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset, unsigned int length); void __set_page_dirty(struct page *, struct address_space *, int warn); int __set_page_dirty_nobuffers(struct page *page); int __set_page_dirty_no_writeback(struct page *page); int redirty_page_for_writepage(struct writeback_control *wbc, struct page *page); void account_page_dirtied(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping); void account_page_cleaned(struct page *page, struct address_space *mapping, struct bdi_writeback *wb); int set_page_dirty(struct page *page); int set_page_dirty_lock(struct page *page); void __cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page); static inline void cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page) { /* Avoid atomic ops, locking, etc. when not actually needed. */ if (PageDirty(page)) __cancel_dirty_page(page); } int clear_page_dirty_for_io(struct page *page); int get_cmdline(struct task_struct *task, char *buffer, int buflen); extern unsigned long move_page_tables(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long old_addr, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma, unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long len, bool need_rmap_locks); /* * Flags used by change_protection(). For now we make it a bitmap so * that we can pass in multiple flags just like parameters. However * for now all the callers are only use one of the flags at the same * time. */ /* Whether we should allow dirty bit accounting */ #define MM_CP_DIRTY_ACCT (1UL << 0) /* Whether this protection change is for NUMA hints */ #define MM_CP_PROT_NUMA (1UL << 1) /* Whether this change is for write protecting */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP (1UL << 2) /* do wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE (1UL << 3) /* Resolve wp */ #define MM_CP_UFFD_WP_ALL (MM_CP_UFFD_WP | \ MM_CP_UFFD_WP_RESOLVE) extern unsigned long change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgprot_t newprot, unsigned long cp_flags); extern int mprotect_fixup(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct **pprev, unsigned long start, unsigned long end, unsigned long newflags); /* * doesn't attempt to fault and will return short. */ int get_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); int pin_user_pages_fast_only(unsigned long start, int nr_pages, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages); static inline bool get_user_page_fast_only(unsigned long addr, unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pagep) { return get_user_pages_fast_only(addr, 1, gup_flags, pagep) == 1; } /* * per-process(per-mm_struct) statistics. */ static inline unsigned long get_mm_counter(struct mm_s