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1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_H #define _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_H #include <linux/mem_encrypt.h> #include <asm/page.h> #include <asm/pgtable_types.h> /* * Macro to mark a page protection value as UC- */ #define pgprot_noncached(prot) \ ((boot_cpu_data.x86 > 3) \ ? (__pgprot(pgprot_val(prot) | \ cachemode2protval(_PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS))) \ : (prot)) /* * Macros to add or remove encryption attribute */ #define pgprot_encrypted(prot) __pgprot(__sme_set(pgprot_val(prot))) #define pgprot_decrypted(prot) __pgprot(__sme_clr(pgprot_val(prot))) #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <asm/x86_init.h> #include <asm/fpu/xstate.h> #include <asm/fpu/api.h> #include <asm-generic/pgtable_uffd.h> extern pgd_t early_top_pgt[PTRS_PER_PGD]; bool __init __early_make_pgtable(unsigned long address, pmdval_t pmd); void ptdump_walk_pgd_level(struct seq_file *m, struct mm_struct *mm); void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_debugfs(struct seq_file *m, struct mm_struct *mm, bool user); void ptdump_walk_pgd_level_checkwx(void); void ptdump_walk_user_pgd_level_checkwx(void); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_WX #define debug_checkwx() ptdump_walk_pgd_level_checkwx() #define debug_checkwx_user() ptdump_walk_user_pgd_level_checkwx() #else #define debug_checkwx() do { } while (0) #define debug_checkwx_user() do { } while (0) #endif /* * ZERO_PAGE is a global shared page that is always zero: used * for zero-mapped memory areas etc.. */ extern unsigned long empty_zero_page[PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(unsigned long)] __visible; #define ZERO_PAGE(vaddr) ((void)(vaddr),virt_to_page(empty_zero_page)) extern spinlock_t pgd_lock; extern struct list_head pgd_list; extern struct mm_struct *pgd_page_get_mm(struct page *page); extern pmdval_t early_pmd_flags; #ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL #include <asm/paravirt.h> #else /* !CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ #define set_pte(ptep, pte) native_set_pte(ptep, pte) #define set_pte_atomic(ptep, pte) \ native_set_pte_atomic(ptep, pte) #define set_pmd(pmdp, pmd) native_set_pmd(pmdp, pmd) #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED #define set_pgd(pgdp, pgd) native_set_pgd(pgdp, pgd) #define pgd_clear(pgd) (pgtable_l5_enabled() ? native_pgd_clear(pgd) : 0) #endif #ifndef set_p4d # define set_p4d(p4dp, p4d) native_set_p4d(p4dp, p4d) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED #define p4d_clear(p4d) native_p4d_clear(p4d) #endif #ifndef set_pud # define set_pud(pudp, pud) native_set_pud(pudp, pud) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED #define pud_clear(pud) native_pud_clear(pud) #endif #define pte_clear(mm, addr, ptep) native_pte_clear(mm, addr, ptep) #define pmd_clear(pmd) native_pmd_clear(pmd) #define pgd_val(x) native_pgd_val(x) #define __pgd(x) native_make_pgd(x) #ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED #define p4d_val(x) native_p4d_val(x) #define __p4d(x) native_make_p4d(x) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED #define pud_val(x) native_pud_val(x) #define __pud(x) native_make_pud(x) #endif #ifndef __PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED #define pmd_val(x) native_pmd_val(x) #define __pmd(x) native_make_pmd(x) #endif #define pte_val(x) native_pte_val(x) #define __pte(x) native_make_pte(x) #define arch_end_context_switch(prev) do {} while(0) #endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT_XXL */ /* * The following only work if pte_present() is true. * Undefined behaviour if not.. */ static inline int pte_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_DIRTY; } static inline u32 read_pkru(void) { if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return rdpkru(); return 0; } static inline void write_pkru(u32 pkru) { struct pkru_state *pk; if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_OSPKE)) return; pk = get_xsave_addr(&current->thread.fpu.state.xsave, XFEATURE_PKRU); /* * The PKRU value in xstate needs to be in sync with the value that is * written to the CPU. The FPU restore on return to userland would * otherwise load the previous value again. */ fpregs_lock(); if (pk) pk->pkru = pkru; __write_pkru(pkru); fpregs_unlock(); } static inline int pte_young(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; } static inline int pmd_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_DIRTY; } static inline int pmd_young(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; } static inline int pud_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_DIRTY; } static inline int pud_young(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_ACCESSED; } static inline int pte_write(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_RW; } static inline int pte_huge(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_PSE; } static inline int pte_global(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_GLOBAL; } static inline int pte_exec(pte_t pte) { return !(pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_NX); } static inline int pte_special(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SPECIAL; } /* Entries that were set to PROT_NONE are inverted */ static inline u64 protnone_mask(u64 val); static inline unsigned long pte_pfn(pte_t pte) { phys_addr_t pfn = pte_val(pte); pfn ^= protnone_mask(pfn); return (pfn & PTE_PFN_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long pmd_pfn(pmd_t pmd) { phys_addr_t pfn = pmd_val(pmd); pfn ^= protnone_mask(pfn); return (pfn & pmd_pfn_mask(pmd)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long pud_pfn(pud_t pud) { phys_addr_t pfn = pud_val(pud); pfn ^= protnone_mask(pfn); return (pfn & pud_pfn_mask(pud)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long p4d_pfn(p4d_t p4d) { return (p4d_val(p4d) & p4d_pfn_mask(p4d)) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long pgd_pfn(pgd_t pgd) { return (pgd_val(pgd) & PTE_PFN_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT; } #define p4d_leaf p4d_large static inline int p4d_large(p4d_t p4d) { /* No 512 GiB pages yet */ return 0; } #define pte_page(pte) pfn_to_page(pte_pfn(pte)) #define pmd_leaf pmd_large static inline int pmd_large(pmd_t pte) { return pmd_flags(pte) & _PAGE_PSE; } #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE /* NOTE: when predicate huge page, consider also pmd_devmap, or use pmd_large */ static inline int pmd_trans_huge(pmd_t pmd) { return (pmd_val(pmd) & (_PAGE_PSE|_PAGE_DEVMAP)) == _PAGE_PSE; } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD static inline int pud_trans_huge(pud_t pud) { return (pud_val(pud) & (_PAGE_PSE|_PAGE_DEVMAP)) == _PAGE_PSE; } #endif #define has_transparent_hugepage has_transparent_hugepage static inline int has_transparent_hugepage(void) { return boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PSE); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pmd_devmap(pmd_t pmd) { return !!(pmd_val(pmd) & _PAGE_DEVMAP); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD static inline int pud_devmap(pud_t pud) { return !!(pud_val(pud) & _PAGE_DEVMAP); } #else static inline int pud_devmap(pud_t pud) { return 0; } #endif static inline int pgd_devmap(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; } #endif #endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */ static inline pte_t pte_set_flags(pte_t pte, pteval_t set) { pteval_t v = native_pte_val(pte); return native_make_pte(v | set); } static inline pte_t pte_clear_flags(pte_t pte, pteval_t clear) { pteval_t v = native_pte_val(pte); return native_make_pte(v & ~clear); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP static inline int pte_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_UFFD_WP; } static inline pte_t pte_mkuffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } static inline pte_t pte_clear_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP */ static inline pte_t pte_mkclean(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_DIRTY); } static inline pte_t pte_mkold(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pte_t pte_wrprotect(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pte_t pte_mkexec(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_NX); } static inline pte_t pte_mkdirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pte_t pte_mkyoung(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pte_t pte_mkwrite(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pte_t pte_mkhuge(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pte_t pte_clrhuge(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pte_t pte_mkglobal(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_GLOBAL); } static inline pte_t pte_clrglobal(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_GLOBAL); } static inline pte_t pte_mkspecial(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SPECIAL); } static inline pte_t pte_mkdevmap(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SPECIAL|_PAGE_DEVMAP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_set_flags(pmd_t pmd, pmdval_t set) { pmdval_t v = native_pmd_val(pmd); return native_make_pmd(v | set); } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_flags(pmd_t pmd, pmdval_t clear) { pmdval_t v = native_pmd_val(pmd); return native_make_pmd(v & ~clear); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP static inline int pmd_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_UFFD_WP; } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkuffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_UFFD_WP); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP */ static inline pmd_t pmd_mkold(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkclean(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_wrprotect(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkdirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkdevmap(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_DEVMAP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkhuge(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkyoung(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkwrite(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pud_t pud_set_flags(pud_t pud, pudval_t set) { pudval_t v = native_pud_val(pud); return native_make_pud(v | set); } static inline pud_t pud_clear_flags(pud_t pud, pudval_t clear) { pudval_t v = native_pud_val(pud); return native_make_pud(v & ~clear); } static inline pud_t pud_mkold(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pud_t pud_mkclean(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_wrprotect(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_RW); } static inline pud_t pud_mkdirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_mkdevmap(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_DEVMAP); } static inline pud_t pud_mkhuge(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_PSE); } static inline pud_t pud_mkyoung(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_ACCESSED); } static inline pud_t pud_mkwrite(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_RW); } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY static inline int pte_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline int pmd_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline int pud_soft_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline pte_t pte_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_mksoft_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_set_flags(pud, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pte_t pte_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pmd_t pmd_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline pud_t pud_clear_soft_dirty(pud_t pud) { return pud_clear_flags(pud, _PAGE_SOFT_DIRTY); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY */ /* * Mask out unsupported bits in a present pgprot. Non-present pgprots * can use those bits for other purposes, so leave them be. */ static inline pgprotval_t massage_pgprot(pgprot_t pgprot) { pgprotval_t protval = pgprot_val(pgprot); if (protval & _PAGE_PRESENT) protval &= __supported_pte_mask; return protval; } static inline pgprotval_t check_pgprot(pgprot_t pgprot) { pgprotval_t massaged_val = massage_pgprot(pgprot); /* mmdebug.h can not be included here because of dependencies */ #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM WARN_ONCE(pgprot_val(pgprot) != massaged_val, "attempted to set unsupported pgprot: %016llx " "bits: %016llx supported: %016llx\n", (u64)pgprot_val(pgprot), (u64)pgprot_val(pgprot) ^ massaged_val, (u64)__supported_pte_mask); #endif return massaged_val; } static inline pte_t pfn_pte(unsigned long page_nr, pgprot_t pgprot) { phys_addr_t pfn = (phys_addr_t)page_nr << PAGE_SHIFT; pfn ^= protnone_mask(pgprot_val(pgprot)); pfn &= PTE_PFN_MASK; return __pte(pfn | check_pgprot(pgprot)); } static inline pmd_t pfn_pmd(unsigned long page_nr, pgprot_t pgprot) { phys_addr_t pfn = (phys_addr_t)page_nr << PAGE_SHIFT; pfn ^= protnone_mask(pgprot_val(pgprot)); pfn &= PHYSICAL_PMD_PAGE_MASK; return __pmd(pfn | check_pgprot(pgprot)); } static inline pud_t pfn_pud(unsigned long page_nr, pgprot_t pgprot) { phys_addr_t pfn = (phys_addr_t)page_nr << PAGE_SHIFT; pfn ^= protnone_mask(pgprot_val(pgprot)); pfn &= PHYSICAL_PUD_PAGE_MASK; return __pud(pfn | check_pgprot(pgprot)); } static inline pmd_t pmd_mkinvalid(pmd_t pmd) { return pfn_pmd(pmd_pfn(pmd), __pgprot(pmd_flags(pmd) & ~(_PAGE_PRESENT|_PAGE_PROTNONE))); } static inline u64 flip_protnone_guard(u64 oldval, u64 val, u64 mask); static inline pte_t pte_modify(pte_t pte, pgprot_t newprot) { pteval_t val = pte_val(pte), oldval = val; /* * Chop off the NX bit (if present), and add the NX portion of * the newprot (if present): */ val &= _PAGE_CHG_MASK; val |= check_pgprot(newprot) & ~_PAGE_CHG_MASK; val = flip_protnone_guard(oldval, val, PTE_PFN_MASK); return __pte(val); } static inline pmd_t pmd_modify(pmd_t pmd, pgprot_t newprot) { pmdval_t val = pmd_val(pmd), oldval = val; val &= _HPAGE_CHG_MASK; val |= check_pgprot(newprot) & ~_HPAGE_CHG_MASK; val = flip_protnone_guard(oldval, val, PHYSICAL_PMD_PAGE_MASK); return __pmd(val); } /* * mprotect needs to preserve PAT and encryption bits when updating * vm_page_prot */ #define pgprot_modify pgprot_modify static inline pgprot_t pgprot_modify(pgprot_t oldprot, pgprot_t newprot) { pgprotval_t preservebits = pgprot_val(oldprot) & _PAGE_CHG_MASK; pgprotval_t addbits = pgprot_val(newprot) & ~_PAGE_CHG_MASK; return __pgprot(preservebits | addbits); } #define pte_pgprot(x) __pgprot(pte_flags(x)) #define pmd_pgprot(x) __pgprot(pmd_flags(x)) #define pud_pgprot(x) __pgprot(pud_flags(x)) #define p4d_pgprot(x) __pgprot(p4d_flags(x)) #define canon_pgprot(p) __pgprot(massage_pgprot(p)) static inline pgprot_t arch_filter_pgprot(pgprot_t prot) { return canon_pgprot(prot); } static inline int is_new_memtype_allowed(u64 paddr, unsigned long size, enum page_cache_mode pcm, enum page_cache_mode new_pcm) { /* * PAT type is always WB for untracked ranges, so no need to check. */ if (x86_platform.is_untracked_pat_range(paddr, paddr + size)) return 1; /* * Certain new memtypes are not allowed with certain * requested memtype: * - request is uncached, return cannot be write-back * - request is write-combine, return cannot be write-back * - request is write-through, return cannot be write-back * - request is write-through, return cannot be write-combine */ if ((pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_UC_MINUS && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB) || (pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB) || (pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WB) || (pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WT && new_pcm == _PAGE_CACHE_MODE_WC)) { return 0; } return 1; } pmd_t *populate_extra_pmd(unsigned long vaddr); pte_t *populate_extra_pte(unsigned long vaddr); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION pgd_t __pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd); /* * Take a PGD location (pgdp) and a pgd value that needs to be set there. * Populates the user and returns the resulting PGD that must be set in * the kernel copy of the page tables. */ static inline pgd_t pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PTI)) return pgd; return __pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgdp, pgd); } #else /* CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION */ static inline pgd_t pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { return pgd; } #endif /* CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32 # include <asm/pgtable_32.h> #else # include <asm/pgtable_64.h> #endif #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/mmdebug.h> #include <linux/log2.h> #include <asm/fixmap.h> static inline int pte_none(pte_t pte) { return !(pte.pte & ~(_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK)); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME static inline int pte_same(pte_t a, pte_t b) { return a.pte == b.pte; } static inline int pte_present(pte_t a) { return pte_flags(a) & (_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_PROTNONE); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PTE_DEVMAP static inline int pte_devmap(pte_t a) { return (pte_flags(a) & _PAGE_DEVMAP) == _PAGE_DEVMAP; } #endif #define pte_accessible pte_accessible static inline bool pte_accessible(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t a) { if (pte_flags(a) & _PAGE_PRESENT) return true; if ((pte_flags(a) & _PAGE_PROTNONE) && mm_tlb_flush_pending(mm)) return true; return false; } static inline int pmd_present(pmd_t pmd) { /* * Checking for _PAGE_PSE is needed too because * split_huge_page will temporarily clear the present bit (but * the _PAGE_PSE flag will remain set at all times while the * _PAGE_PRESENT bit is clear). */ return pmd_flags(pmd) & (_PAGE_PRESENT | _PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_PSE); } #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING /* * These work without NUMA balancing but the kernel does not care. See the * comment in include/linux/pgtable.h */ static inline int pte_protnone(pte_t pte) { return (pte_flags(pte) & (_PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_PRESENT)) == _PAGE_PROTNONE; } static inline int pmd_protnone(pmd_t pmd) { return (pmd_flags(pmd) & (_PAGE_PROTNONE | _PAGE_PRESENT)) == _PAGE_PROTNONE; } #endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */ static inline int pmd_none(pmd_t pmd) { /* Only check low word on 32-bit platforms, since it might be out of sync with upper half. */ unsigned long val = native_pmd_val(pmd); return (val & ~_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK) == 0; } static inline unsigned long pmd_page_vaddr(pmd_t pmd) { return (unsigned long)__va(pmd_val(pmd) & pmd_pfn_mask(pmd)); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define pmd_page(pmd) pfn_to_page(pmd_pfn(pmd)) /* * Conversion functions: convert a page and protection to a page entry, * and a page entry and page directory to the page they refer to. * * (Currently stuck as a macro because of indirect forward reference * to linux/mm.h:page_to_nid()) */ #define mk_pte(page, pgprot) pfn_pte(page_to_pfn(page), (pgprot)) static inline int pmd_bad(pmd_t pmd) { return (pmd_flags(pmd) & ~_PAGE_USER) != _KERNPG_TABLE; } static inline unsigned long pages_to_mb(unsigned long npg) { return npg >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 static inline int pud_none(pud_t pud) { return (native_pud_val(pud) & ~(_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK)) == 0; } static inline int pud_present(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_PRESENT; } static inline unsigned long pud_page_vaddr(pud_t pud) { return (unsigned long)__va(pud_val(pud) & pud_pfn_mask(pud)); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define pud_page(pud) pfn_to_page(pud_pfn(pud)) #define pud_leaf pud_large static inline int pud_large(pud_t pud) { return (pud_val(pud) & (_PAGE_PSE | _PAGE_PRESENT)) == (_PAGE_PSE | _PAGE_PRESENT); } static inline int pud_bad(pud_t pud) { return (pud_flags(pud) & ~(_KERNPG_TABLE | _PAGE_USER)) != 0; } #else #define pud_leaf pud_large static inline int pud_large(pud_t pud) { return 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 */ #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 static inline int p4d_none(p4d_t p4d) { return (native_p4d_val(p4d) & ~(_PAGE_KNL_ERRATUM_MASK)) == 0; } static inline int p4d_present(p4d_t p4d) { return p4d_flags(p4d) & _PAGE_PRESENT; } static inline unsigned long p4d_page_vaddr(p4d_t p4d) { return (unsigned long)__va(p4d_val(p4d) & p4d_pfn_mask(p4d)); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define p4d_page(p4d) pfn_to_page(p4d_pfn(p4d)) static inline int p4d_bad(p4d_t p4d) { unsigned long ignore_flags = _KERNPG_TABLE | _PAGE_USER; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION)) ignore_flags |= _PAGE_NX; return (p4d_flags(p4d) & ~ignore_flags) != 0; } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 3 */ static inline unsigned long p4d_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> P4D_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_P4D - 1); } #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 static inline int pgd_present(pgd_t pgd) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return 1; return pgd_flags(pgd) & _PAGE_PRESENT; } static inline unsigned long pgd_page_vaddr(pgd_t pgd) { return (unsigned long)__va((unsigned long)pgd_val(pgd) & PTE_PFN_MASK); } /* * Currently stuck as a macro due to indirect forward reference to * linux/mmzone.h's __section_mem_map_addr() definition: */ #define pgd_page(pgd) pfn_to_page(pgd_pfn(pgd)) /* to find an entry in a page-table-directory. */ static inline p4d_t *p4d_offset(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return (p4d_t *)pgd; return (p4d_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd) + p4d_index(address); } static inline int pgd_bad(pgd_t pgd) { unsigned long ignore_flags = _PAGE_USER; if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return 0; if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION)) ignore_flags |= _PAGE_NX; return (pgd_flags(pgd) & ~ignore_flags) != _KERNPG_TABLE; } static inline int pgd_none(pgd_t pgd) { if (!pgtable_l5_enabled()) return 0; /* * There is no need to do a workaround for the KNL stray * A/D bit erratum here. PGDs only point to page tables * except on 32-bit non-PAE which is not supported on * KNL. */ return !native_pgd_val(pgd); } #endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 4 */ #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #define KERNEL_PGD_BOUNDARY pgd_index(PAGE_OFFSET) #define KERNEL_PGD_PTRS (PTRS_PER_PGD - KERNEL_PGD_BOUNDARY) #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ extern int direct_gbpages; void init_mem_mapping(void); void early_alloc_pgt_buf(void); extern void memblock_find_dma_reserve(void); void __init poking_init(void); unsigned long init_memory_mapping(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgprot_t prot); #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64 extern pgd_t trampoline_pgd_entry; #endif /* local pte updates need not use xchg for locking */ static inline pte_t native_local_ptep_get_and_clear(pte_t *ptep) { pte_t res = *ptep; /* Pure native function needs no input for mm, addr */ native_pte_clear(NULL, 0, ptep); return res; } static inline pmd_t native_local_pmdp_get_and_clear(pmd_t *pmdp) { pmd_t res = *pmdp; native_pmd_clear(pmdp); return res; } static inline pud_t native_local_pudp_get_and_clear(pud_t *pudp) { pud_t res = *pudp; native_pud_clear(pudp); return res; } static inline void set_pte_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { set_pte(ptep, pte); } static inline void set_pmd_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { set_pmd(pmdp, pmd); } static inline void set_pud_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pudp, pud_t pud) { native_set_pud(pudp, pud); } /* * We only update the dirty/accessed state if we set * the dirty bit by hand in the kernel, since the hardware * will do the accessed bit for us, and we don't want to * race with other CPU's that might be updating the dirty * bit at the same time. */ struct vm_area_struct; #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS extern int ptep_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep, pte_t entry, int dirty); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG extern int ptep_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH extern int ptep_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pte_t *ptep); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { pte_t pte = native_ptep_get_and_clear(ptep); return pte; } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_GET_AND_CLEAR_FULL static inline pte_t ptep_get_and_clear_full(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep, int full) { pte_t pte; if (full) { /* * Full address destruction in progress; paravirt does not * care about updates and native needs no locking */ pte = native_local_ptep_get_and_clear(ptep); } else { pte = ptep_get_and_clear(mm, addr, ptep); } return pte; } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTEP_SET_WRPROTECT static inline void ptep_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { clear_bit(_PAGE_BIT_RW, (unsigned long *)&ptep->pte); } #define flush_tlb_fix_spurious_fault(vma, address) do { } while (0) #define mk_pmd(page, pgprot) pfn_pmd(page_to_pfn(page), (pgprot)) #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_ACCESS_FLAGS extern int pmdp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t entry, int dirty); extern int pudp_set_access_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pud_t *pudp, pud_t entry, int dirty); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_TEST_AND_CLEAR_YOUNG extern int pmdp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp); extern int pudp_test_and_clear_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pudp); #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_CLEAR_YOUNG_FLUSH extern int pmdp_clear_flush_young(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp); #define pmd_write pmd_write static inline int pmd_write(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_RW; } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pmd_t pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp) { return native_pmdp_get_and_clear(pmdp); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PUDP_HUGE_GET_AND_CLEAR static inline pud_t pudp_huge_get_and_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pudp) { return native_pudp_get_and_clear(pudp); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PMDP_SET_WRPROTECT static inline void pmdp_set_wrprotect(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmdp) { clear_bit(_PAGE_BIT_RW, (unsigned long *)pmdp); } #define pud_write pud_write static inline int pud_write(pud_t pud) { return pud_flags(pud) & _PAGE_RW; } #ifndef pmdp_establish #define pmdp_establish pmdp_establish static inline pmd_t pmdp_establish(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SMP)) { return xchg(pmdp, pmd); } else { pmd_t old = *pmdp; WRITE_ONCE(*pmdp, pmd); return old; } } #endif /* * Page table pages are page-aligned. The lower half of the top * level is used for userspace and the top half for the kernel. * * Returns true for parts of the PGD that map userspace and * false for the parts that map the kernel. */ static inline bool pgdp_maps_userspace(void *__ptr) { unsigned long ptr = (unsigned long)__ptr; return (((ptr & ~PAGE_MASK) / sizeof(pgd_t)) < PGD_KERNEL_START); } #define pgd_leaf pgd_large static inline int pgd_large(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION /* * All top-level PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION page tables are order-1 pages * (8k-aligned and 8k in size). The kernel one is at the beginning 4k and * the user one is in the last 4k. To switch between them, you * just need to flip the 12th bit in their addresses. */ #define PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT PAGE_SHIFT /* * This generates better code than the inline assembly in * __set_bit(). */ static inline void *ptr_set_bit(void *ptr, int bit) { unsigned long __ptr = (unsigned long)ptr; __ptr |= BIT(bit); return (void *)__ptr; } static inline void *ptr_clear_bit(void *ptr, int bit) { unsigned long __ptr = (unsigned long)ptr; __ptr &= ~BIT(bit); return (void *)__ptr; } static inline pgd_t *kernel_to_user_pgdp(pgd_t *pgdp) { return ptr_set_bit(pgdp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } static inline pgd_t *user_to_kernel_pgdp(pgd_t *pgdp) { return ptr_clear_bit(pgdp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } static inline p4d_t *kernel_to_user_p4dp(p4d_t *p4dp) { return ptr_set_bit(p4dp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } static inline p4d_t *user_to_kernel_p4dp(p4d_t *p4dp) { return ptr_clear_bit(p4dp, PTI_PGTABLE_SWITCH_BIT); } #endif /* CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION */ /* * clone_pgd_range(pgd_t *dst, pgd_t *src, int count); * * dst - pointer to pgd range anwhere on a pgd page * src - "" * count - the number of pgds to copy. * * dst and src can be on the same page, but the range must not overlap, * and must not cross a page boundary. */ static inline void clone_pgd_range(pgd_t *dst, pgd_t *src, int count) { memcpy(dst, src, count * sizeof(pgd_t)); #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PTI)) return; /* Clone the user space pgd as well */ memcpy(kernel_to_user_pgdp(dst), kernel_to_user_pgdp(src), count * sizeof(pgd_t)); #endif } #define PTE_SHIFT ilog2(PTRS_PER_PTE) static inline int page_level_shift(enum pg_level level) { return (PAGE_SHIFT - PTE_SHIFT) + level * PTE_SHIFT; } static inline unsigned long page_level_size(enum pg_level level) { return 1UL << page_level_shift(level); } static inline unsigned long page_level_mask(enum pg_level level) { return ~(page_level_size(level) - 1); } /* * The x86 doesn't have any external MMU info: the kernel page * tables contain all the necessary information. */ static inline void update_mmu_cache(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { } static inline void update_mmu_cache_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pmd_t *pmd) { } static inline void update_mmu_cache_pud(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud) { } #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY static inline pte_t pte_swp_mksoft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline int pte_swp_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mksoft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } static inline int pmd_swp_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_soft_dirty(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_SOFT_DIRTY); } #endif #endif #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP static inline pte_t pte_swp_mkuffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_set_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } static inline int pte_swp_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP; } static inline pte_t pte_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pte_t pte) { return pte_clear_flags(pte, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_mkuffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_set_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } static inline int pmd_swp_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_flags(pmd) & _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP; } static inline pmd_t pmd_swp_clear_uffd_wp(pmd_t pmd) { return pmd_clear_flags(pmd, _PAGE_SWP_UFFD_WP); } #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_USERFAULTFD_WP */ #define PKRU_AD_BIT 0x1u #define PKRU_WD_BIT 0x2u #define PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY 2 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS extern u32 init_pkru_value; #else #define init_pkru_value 0 #endif static inline bool __pkru_allows_read(u32 pkru, u16 pkey) { int pkru_pkey_bits = pkey * PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY; return !(pkru & (PKRU_AD_BIT << pkru_pkey_bits)); } static inline bool __pkru_allows_write(u32 pkru, u16 pkey) { int pkru_pkey_bits = pkey * PKRU_BITS_PER_PKEY; /* * Access-disable disables writes too so we need to check * both bits here. */ return !(pkru & ((PKRU_AD_BIT|PKRU_WD_BIT) << pkru_pkey_bits)); } static inline u16 pte_flags_pkey(unsigned long pte_flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS /* ifdef to avoid doing 59-bit shift on 32-bit values */ return (pte_flags & _PAGE_PKEY_MASK) >> _PAGE_BIT_PKEY_BIT0; #else return 0; #endif } static inline bool __pkru_allows_pkey(u16 pkey, bool write) { u32 pkru = read_pkru(); if (!__pkru_allows_read(pkru, pkey)) return false; if (write && !__pkru_allows_write(pkru, pkey)) return false; return true; } /* * 'pteval' can come from a PTE, PMD or PUD. We only check * _PAGE_PRESENT, _PAGE_USER, and _PAGE_RW in here which are the * same value on all 3 types. */ static inline bool __pte_access_permitted(unsigned long pteval, bool write) { unsigned long need_pte_bits = _PAGE_PRESENT|_PAGE_USER; if (write) need_pte_bits |= _PAGE_RW; if ((pteval & need_pte_bits) != need_pte_bits) return 0; return __pkru_allows_pkey(pte_flags_pkey(pteval), write); } #define pte_access_permitted pte_access_permitted static inline bool pte_access_permitted(pte_t pte, bool write) { return __pte_access_permitted(pte_val(pte), write); } #define pmd_access_permitted pmd_access_permitted static inline bool pmd_access_permitted(pmd_t pmd, bool write) { return __pte_access_permitted(pmd_val(pmd), write); } #define pud_access_permitted pud_access_permitted static inline bool pud_access_permitted(pud_t pud, bool write) { return __pte_access_permitted(pud_val(pud), write); } #define __HAVE_ARCH_PFN_MODIFY_ALLOWED 1 extern bool pfn_modify_allowed(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot); static inline bool arch_has_pfn_modify_check(void) { return boot_cpu_has_bug(X86_BUG_L1TF); } #define arch_faults_on_old_pte arch_faults_on_old_pte static inline bool arch_faults_on_old_pte(void) { return false; } #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * memory buffer pool support */ #ifndef _LINUX_MEMPOOL_H #define _LINUX_MEMPOOL_H #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> struct kmem_cache; typedef void * (mempool_alloc_t)(gfp_t gfp_mask, void *pool_data); typedef void (mempool_free_t)(void *element, void *pool_data); typedef struct mempool_s { spinlock_t lock; int min_nr; /* nr of elements at *elements */ int curr_nr; /* Current nr of elements at *elements */ void **elements; void *pool_data; mempool_alloc_t *alloc; mempool_free_t *free; wait_queue_head_t wait; } mempool_t; static inline bool mempool_initialized(mempool_t *pool) { return pool->elements != NULL; } void mempool_exit(mempool_t *pool); int mempool_init_node(mempool_t *pool, int min_nr, mempool_alloc_t *alloc_fn, mempool_free_t *free_fn, void *pool_data, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node_id); int mempool_init(mempool_t *pool, int min_nr, mempool_alloc_t *alloc_fn, mempool_free_t *free_fn, void *pool_data); extern mempool_t *mempool_create(int min_nr, mempool_alloc_t *alloc_fn, mempool_free_t *free_fn, void *pool_data); extern mempool_t *mempool_create_node(int min_nr, mempool_alloc_t *alloc_fn, mempool_free_t *free_fn, void *pool_data, gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid); extern int mempool_resize(mempool_t *pool, int new_min_nr); extern void mempool_destroy(mempool_t *pool); extern void *mempool_alloc(mempool_t *pool, gfp_t gfp_mask) __malloc; extern void mempool_free(void *element, mempool_t *pool); /* * A mempool_alloc_t and mempool_free_t that get the memory from * a slab cache that is passed in through pool_data. * Note: the slab cache may not have a ctor function. */ void *mempool_alloc_slab(gfp_t gfp_mask, void *pool_data); void mempool_free_slab(void *element, void *pool_data); static inline int mempool_init_slab_pool(mempool_t *pool, int min_nr, struct kmem_cache *kc) { return mempool_init(pool, min_nr, mempool_alloc_slab, mempool_free_slab, (void *) kc); } static inline mempool_t * mempool_create_slab_pool(int min_nr, struct kmem_cache *kc) { return mempool_create(min_nr, mempool_alloc_slab, mempool_free_slab, (void *) kc); } /* * a mempool_alloc_t and a mempool_free_t to kmalloc and kfree the * amount of memory specified by pool_data */ void *mempool_kmalloc(gfp_t gfp_mask, void *pool_data); void mempool_kfree(void *element, void *pool_data); static inline int mempool_init_kmalloc_pool(mempool_t *pool, int min_nr, size_t size) { return mempool_init(pool, min_nr, mempool_kmalloc, mempool_kfree, (void *) size); } static inline mempool_t *mempool_create_kmalloc_pool(int min_nr, size_t size) { return mempool_create(min_nr, mempool_kmalloc, mempool_kfree, (void *) size); } /* * A mempool_alloc_t and mempool_free_t for a simple page allocator that * allocates pages of the order specified by pool_data */ void *mempool_alloc_pages(gfp_t gfp_mask, void *pool_data); void mempool_free_pages(void *element, void *pool_data); static inline int mempool_init_page_pool(mempool_t *pool, int min_nr, int order) { return mempool_init(pool, min_nr, mempool_alloc_pages, mempool_free_pages, (void *)(long)order); } static inline mempool_t *mempool_create_page_pool(int min_nr, int order) { return mempool_create(min_nr, mempool_alloc_pages, mempool_free_pages, (void *)(long)order); } #endif /* _LINUX_MEMPOOL_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef BLK_INTERNAL_H #define BLK_INTERNAL_H #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/blk-mq.h> #include <linux/part_stat.h> #include <linux/blk-crypto.h> #include <xen/xen.h> #include "blk-crypto-internal.h" #include "blk-mq.h" #include "blk-mq-sched.h" /* Max future timer expiry for timeouts */ #define BLK_MAX_TIMEOUT (5 * HZ) extern struct dentry *blk_debugfs_root; struct blk_flush_queue { unsigned int flush_pending_idx:1; unsigned int flush_running_idx:1; blk_status_t rq_status; unsigned long flush_pending_since; struct list_head flush_queue[2]; struct list_head flush_data_in_flight; struct request *flush_rq; struct lock_class_key key; spinlock_t mq_flush_lock; }; extern struct kmem_cache *blk_requestq_cachep; extern struct kobj_type blk_queue_ktype; extern struct ida blk_queue_ida; static inline struct blk_flush_queue * blk_get_flush_queue(struct request_queue *q, struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx) { return blk_mq_map_queue(q, REQ_OP_FLUSH, ctx)->fq; } static inline void __blk_get_queue(struct request_queue *q) { kobject_get(&q->kobj); } bool is_flush_rq(struct request *req); struct blk_flush_queue *blk_alloc_flush_queue(int node, int cmd_size, gfp_t flags); void blk_free_flush_queue(struct blk_flush_queue *q); void blk_freeze_queue(struct request_queue *q); static inline bool biovec_phys_mergeable(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *vec1, struct bio_vec *vec2) { unsigned long mask = queue_segment_boundary(q); phys_addr_t addr1 = page_to_phys(vec1->bv_page) + vec1->bv_offset; phys_addr_t addr2 = page_to_phys(vec2->bv_page) + vec2->bv_offset; if (addr1 + vec1->bv_len != addr2) return false; if (xen_domain() && !xen_biovec_phys_mergeable(vec1, vec2->bv_page)) return false; if ((addr1 | mask) != ((addr2 + vec2->bv_len - 1) | mask)) return false; return true; } static inline bool __bvec_gap_to_prev(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *bprv, unsigned int offset) { return (offset & queue_virt_boundary(q)) || ((bprv->bv_offset + bprv->bv_len) & queue_virt_boundary(q)); } /* * Check if adding a bio_vec after bprv with offset would create a gap in * the SG list. Most drivers don't care about this, but some do. */ static inline bool bvec_gap_to_prev(struct request_queue *q, struct bio_vec *bprv, unsigned int offset) { if (!queue_virt_boundary(q)) return false; return __bvec_gap_to_prev(q, bprv, offset); } static inline void blk_rq_bio_prep(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs) { rq->nr_phys_segments = nr_segs; rq->__data_len = bio->bi_iter.bi_size; rq->bio = rq->biotail = bio; rq->ioprio = bio_prio(bio); if (bio->bi_disk) rq->rq_disk = bio->bi_disk; } #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY void blk_flush_integrity(void); bool __bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *); void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *bio); static inline bool bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *bio) { if (bio_integrity(bio)) return __bio_integrity_endio(bio); return true; } bool blk_integrity_merge_rq(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct request *); bool blk_integrity_merge_bio(struct request_queue *, struct request *, struct bio *); static inline bool integrity_req_gap_back_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *next) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(req->bio); struct bio_integrity_payload *bip_next = bio_integrity(next); return bvec_gap_to_prev(req->q, &bip->bip_vec[bip->bip_vcnt - 1], bip_next->bip_vec[0].bv_offset); } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_front_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *bio) { struct bio_integrity_payload *bip = bio_integrity(bio); struct bio_integrity_payload *bip_next = bio_integrity(req->bio); return bvec_gap_to_prev(req->q, &bip->bip_vec[bip->bip_vcnt - 1], bip_next->bip_vec[0].bv_offset); } void blk_integrity_add(struct gendisk *); void blk_integrity_del(struct gendisk *); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ static inline bool blk_integrity_merge_rq(struct request_queue *rq, struct request *r1, struct request *r2) { return true; } static inline bool blk_integrity_merge_bio(struct request_queue *rq, struct request *r, struct bio *b) { return true; } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_back_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *next) { return false; } static inline bool integrity_req_gap_front_merge(struct request *req, struct bio *bio) { return false; } static inline void blk_flush_integrity(void) { } static inline bool bio_integrity_endio(struct bio *bio) { return true; } static inline void bio_integrity_free(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void blk_integrity_add(struct gendisk *disk) { } static inline void blk_integrity_del(struct gendisk *disk) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INTEGRITY */ unsigned long blk_rq_timeout(unsigned long timeout); void blk_add_timer(struct request *req); bool blk_attempt_plug_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs, struct request **same_queue_rq); bool blk_bio_list_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct list_head *list, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); void blk_account_io_start(struct request *req); void blk_account_io_done(struct request *req, u64 now); /* * Plug flush limits */ #define BLK_MAX_REQUEST_COUNT 32 #define BLK_PLUG_FLUSH_SIZE (128 * 1024) /* * Internal elevator interface */ #define ELV_ON_HASH(rq) ((rq)->rq_flags & RQF_HASHED) void blk_insert_flush(struct request *rq); void elevator_init_mq(struct request_queue *q); int elevator_switch_mq(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_type *new_e); void __elevator_exit(struct request_queue *, struct elevator_queue *); int elv_register_queue(struct request_queue *q, bool uevent); void elv_unregister_queue(struct request_queue *q); static inline void elevator_exit(struct request_queue *q, struct elevator_queue *e) { lockdep_assert_held(&q->sysfs_lock); blk_mq_sched_free_requests(q); __elevator_exit(q, e); } struct hd_struct *__disk_get_part(struct gendisk *disk, int partno); ssize_t part_size_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_stat_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_inflight_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_fail_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf); ssize_t part_fail_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t count); ssize_t part_timeout_show(struct device *, struct device_attribute *, char *); ssize_t part_timeout_store(struct device *, struct device_attribute *, const char *, size_t); void __blk_queue_split(struct bio **bio, unsigned int *nr_segs); int ll_back_merge_fn(struct request *req, struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_segs); int blk_attempt_req_merge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct request *next); unsigned int blk_recalc_rq_segments(struct request *rq); void blk_rq_set_mixed_merge(struct request *rq); bool blk_rq_merge_ok(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); enum elv_merge blk_try_merge(struct request *rq, struct bio *bio); int blk_dev_init(void); /* * Contribute to IO statistics IFF: * * a) it's attached to a gendisk, and * b) the queue had IO stats enabled when this request was started */ static inline bool blk_do_io_stat(struct request *rq) { return rq->rq_disk && (rq->rq_flags & RQF_IO_STAT); } static inline void req_set_nomerge(struct request_queue *q, struct request *req) { req->cmd_flags |= REQ_NOMERGE; if (req == q->last_merge) q->last_merge = NULL; } /* * The max size one bio can handle is UINT_MAX becasue bvec_iter.bi_size * is defined as 'unsigned int', meantime it has to aligned to with logical * block size which is the minimum accepted unit by hardware. */ static inline unsigned int bio_allowed_max_sectors(struct request_queue *q) { return round_down(UINT_MAX, queue_logical_block_size(q)) >> 9; } /* * The max bio size which is aligned to q->limits.discard_granularity. This * is a hint to split large discard bio in generic block layer, then if device * driver needs to split the discard bio into smaller ones, their bi_size can * be very probably and easily aligned to discard_granularity of the device's * queue. */ static inline unsigned int bio_aligned_discard_max_sectors( struct request_queue *q) { return round_down(UINT_MAX, q->limits.discard_granularity) >> SECTOR_SHIFT; } /* * Internal io_context interface */ void get_io_context(struct io_context *ioc); struct io_cq *ioc_lookup_icq(struct io_context *ioc, struct request_queue *q); struct io_cq *ioc_create_icq(struct io_context *ioc, struct request_queue *q, gfp_t gfp_mask); void ioc_clear_queue(struct request_queue *q); int create_task_io_context(struct task_struct *task, gfp_t gfp_mask, int node); /* * Internal throttling interface */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING extern int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_register_queue(struct request_queue *q); extern void blk_throtl_charge_bio_split(struct bio *bio); bool blk_throtl_bio(struct bio *bio); #else /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING */ static inline int blk_throtl_init(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } static inline void blk_throtl_exit(struct request_queue *q) { } static inline void blk_throtl_register_queue(struct request_queue *q) { } static inline void blk_throtl_charge_bio_split(struct bio *bio) { } static inline bool blk_throtl_bio(struct bio *bio) { return false; } #endif /* CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_THROTTLING_LOW extern ssize_t blk_throtl_sample_time_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page); extern ssize_t blk_throtl_sample_time_store(struct request_queue *q, const char *page, size_t count); extern void blk_throtl_bio_endio(struct bio *bio); extern void blk_throtl_stat_add(struct request *rq, u64 time); #else static inline void blk_throtl_bio_endio(struct bio *bio) { } static inline void blk_throtl_stat_add(struct request *rq, u64 time) { } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_BOUNCE extern int init_emergency_isa_pool(void); extern void blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio); #else static inline int init_emergency_isa_pool(void) { return 0; } static inline void blk_queue_bounce(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio) { } #endif /* CONFIG_BOUNCE */ #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP_IOLATENCY extern int blk_iolatency_init(struct request_queue *q); #else static inline int blk_iolatency_init(struct request_queue *q) { return 0; } #endif struct bio *blk_next_bio(struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_pages, gfp_t gfp); #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED void blk_queue_free_zone_bitmaps(struct request_queue *q); #else static inline void blk_queue_free_zone_bitmaps(struct request_queue *q) {} #endif struct hd_struct *disk_map_sector_rcu(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t sector); int blk_alloc_devt(struct hd_struct *part, dev_t *devt); void blk_free_devt(dev_t devt); void blk_invalidate_devt(dev_t devt); char *disk_name(struct gendisk *hd, int partno, char *buf); #define ADDPART_FLAG_NONE 0 #define ADDPART_FLAG_RAID 1 #define ADDPART_FLAG_WHOLEDISK 2 void delete_partition(struct hd_struct *part); int bdev_add_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno, sector_t start, sector_t length); int bdev_del_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno); int bdev_resize_partition(struct block_device *bdev, int partno, sector_t start, sector_t length); int disk_expand_part_tbl(struct gendisk *disk, int target); int hd_ref_init(struct hd_struct *part); /* no need to get/put refcount of part0 */ static inline int hd_struct_try_get(struct hd_struct *part) { if (part->partno) return percpu_ref_tryget_live(&part->ref); return 1; } static inline void hd_struct_put(struct hd_struct *part) { if (part->partno) percpu_ref_put(&part->ref); } static inline void hd_free_part(struct hd_struct *part) { free_percpu(part->dkstats); kfree(part->info); percpu_ref_exit(&part->ref); } /* * Any access of part->nr_sects which is not protected by partition * bd_mutex or gendisk bdev bd_mutex, should be done using this * accessor function. * * Code written along the lines of i_size_read() and i_size_write(). * CONFIG_PREEMPTION case optimizes the case of UP kernel with preemption * on. */ static inline sector_t part_nr_sects_read(struct hd_struct *part) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) sector_t nr_sects; unsigned seq; do { seq = read_seqcount_begin(&part->nr_sects_seq); nr_sects = part->nr_sects; } while (read_seqcount_retry(&part->nr_sects_seq, seq)); return nr_sects; #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) sector_t nr_sects; preempt_disable(); nr_sects = part->nr_sects; preempt_enable(); return nr_sects; #else return part->nr_sects; #endif } /* * Should be called with mutex lock held (typically bd_mutex) of partition * to provide mutual exlusion among writers otherwise seqcount might be * left in wrong state leaving the readers spinning infinitely. */ static inline void part_nr_sects_write(struct hd_struct *part, sector_t size) { #if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP) preempt_disable(); write_seqcount_begin(&part->nr_sects_seq); part->nr_sects = size; write_seqcount_end(&part->nr_sects_seq); preempt_enable(); #elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPTION) preempt_disable(); part->nr_sects = size; preempt_enable(); #else part->nr_sects = size; #endif } int bio_add_hw_page(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio, struct page *page, unsigned int len, unsigned int offset, unsigned int max_sectors, bool *same_page); #endif /* BLK_INTERNAL_H */
1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * include/linux/backing-dev.h * * low-level device information and state which is propagated up through * to high-level code. */ #ifndef _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H #define _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/device.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/blk-cgroup.h> #include <linux/backing-dev-defs.h> #include <linux/slab.h> static inline struct backing_dev_info *bdi_get(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { kref_get(&bdi->refcnt); return bdi; } struct backing_dev_info *bdi_get_by_id(u64 id); void bdi_put(struct backing_dev_info *bdi); __printf(2, 3) int bdi_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, const char *fmt, ...); __printf(2, 0) int bdi_register_va(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, const char *fmt, va_list args); void bdi_set_owner(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct device *owner); void bdi_unregister(struct backing_dev_info *bdi); struct backing_dev_info *bdi_alloc(int node_id); void wb_start_background_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb); void wb_workfn(struct work_struct *work); void wb_wakeup_delayed(struct bdi_writeback *wb); void wb_wait_for_completion(struct wb_completion *done); extern spinlock_t bdi_lock; extern struct list_head bdi_list; extern struct workqueue_struct *bdi_wq; extern struct workqueue_struct *bdi_async_bio_wq; static inline bool wb_has_dirty_io(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { return test_bit(WB_has_dirty_io, &wb->state); } static inline bool bdi_has_dirty_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { /* * @bdi->tot_write_bandwidth is guaranteed to be > 0 if there are * any dirty wbs. See wb_update_write_bandwidth(). */ return atomic_long_read(&bdi->tot_write_bandwidth); } static inline void __add_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item, s64 amount) { percpu_counter_add_batch(&wb->stat[item], amount, WB_STAT_BATCH); } static inline void inc_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item) { __add_wb_stat(wb, item, 1); } static inline void dec_wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item) { __add_wb_stat(wb, item, -1); } static inline s64 wb_stat(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item) { return percpu_counter_read_positive(&wb->stat[item]); } static inline s64 wb_stat_sum(struct bdi_writeback *wb, enum wb_stat_item item) { return percpu_counter_sum_positive(&wb->stat[item]); } extern void wb_writeout_inc(struct bdi_writeback *wb); /* * maximal error of a stat counter. */ static inline unsigned long wb_stat_error(void) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return nr_cpu_ids * WB_STAT_BATCH; #else return 1; #endif } int bdi_set_min_ratio(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, unsigned int min_ratio); int bdi_set_max_ratio(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, unsigned int max_ratio); /* * Flags in backing_dev_info::capability * * BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK: Supports dirty page writeback, and dirty pages * should contribute to accounting * BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK_ACCT: Automatically account writeback pages * BDI_CAP_STRICTLIMIT: Keep number of dirty pages below bdi threshold */ #define BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK (1 << 0) #define BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK_ACCT (1 << 1) #define BDI_CAP_STRICTLIMIT (1 << 2) extern struct backing_dev_info noop_backing_dev_info; /** * writeback_in_progress - determine whether there is writeback in progress * @wb: bdi_writeback of interest * * Determine whether there is writeback waiting to be handled against a * bdi_writeback. */ static inline bool writeback_in_progress(struct bdi_writeback *wb) { return test_bit(WB_writeback_running, &wb->state); } static inline struct backing_dev_info *inode_to_bdi(struct inode *inode) { struct super_block *sb; if (!inode) return &noop_backing_dev_info; sb = inode->i_sb; #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK if (sb_is_blkdev_sb(sb)) return I_BDEV(inode)->bd_bdi; #endif return sb->s_bdi; } static inline int wb_congested(struct bdi_writeback *wb, int cong_bits) { return wb->congested & cong_bits; } long congestion_wait(int sync, long timeout); long wait_iff_congested(int sync, long timeout); static inline bool mapping_can_writeback(struct address_space *mapping) { return inode_to_bdi(mapping->host)->capabilities & BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK; } static inline int bdi_sched_wait(void *word) { schedule(); return 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK struct bdi_writeback *wb_get_lookup(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css); struct bdi_writeback *wb_get_create(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css, gfp_t gfp); void wb_memcg_offline(struct mem_cgroup *memcg); void wb_blkcg_offline(struct blkcg *blkcg); int inode_congested(struct inode *inode, int cong_bits); /** * inode_cgwb_enabled - test whether cgroup writeback is enabled on an inode * @inode: inode of interest * * Cgroup writeback requires support from the filesystem. Also, both memcg and * iocg have to be on the default hierarchy. Test whether all conditions are * met. * * Note that the test result may change dynamically on the same inode * depending on how memcg and iocg are configured. */ static inline bool inode_cgwb_enabled(struct inode *inode) { struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode_to_bdi(inode); return cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(memory_cgrp_subsys) && cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(io_cgrp_subsys) && (bdi->capabilities & BDI_CAP_WRITEBACK) && (inode->i_sb->s_iflags & SB_I_CGROUPWB); } /** * wb_find_current - find wb for %current on a bdi * @bdi: bdi of interest * * Find the wb of @bdi which matches both the memcg and blkcg of %current. * Must be called under rcu_read_lock() which protects the returend wb. * NULL if not found. */ static inline struct bdi_writeback *wb_find_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css; struct bdi_writeback *wb; memcg_css = task_css(current, memory_cgrp_id); if (!memcg_css->parent) return &bdi->wb; wb = radix_tree_lookup(&bdi->cgwb_tree, memcg_css->id); /* * %current's blkcg equals the effective blkcg of its memcg. No * need to use the relatively expensive cgroup_get_e_css(). */ if (likely(wb && wb->blkcg_css == task_css(current, io_cgrp_id))) return wb; return NULL; } /** * wb_get_create_current - get or create wb for %current on a bdi * @bdi: bdi of interest * @gfp: allocation mask * * Equivalent to wb_get_create() on %current's memcg. This function is * called from a relatively hot path and optimizes the common cases using * wb_find_current(). */ static inline struct bdi_writeback * wb_get_create_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, gfp_t gfp) { struct bdi_writeback *wb; rcu_read_lock(); wb = wb_find_current(bdi); if (wb && unlikely(!wb_tryget(wb))) wb = NULL; rcu_read_unlock(); if (unlikely(!wb)) { struct cgroup_subsys_state *memcg_css; memcg_css = task_get_css(current, memory_cgrp_id); wb = wb_get_create(bdi, memcg_css, gfp); css_put(memcg_css); } return wb; } /** * inode_to_wb_is_valid - test whether an inode has a wb associated * @inode: inode of interest * * Returns %true if @inode has a wb associated. May be called without any * locking. */ static inline bool inode_to_wb_is_valid(struct inode *inode) { return inode->i_wb; } /** * inode_to_wb - determine the wb of an inode * @inode: inode of interest * * Returns the wb @inode is currently associated with. The caller must be * holding either @inode->i_lock, the i_pages lock, or the * associated wb's list_lock. */ static inline struct bdi_writeback *inode_to_wb(const struct inode *inode) { #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP WARN_ON_ONCE(debug_locks && (!lockdep_is_held(&inode->i_lock) && !lockdep_is_held(&inode->i_mapping->i_pages.xa_lock) && !lockdep_is_held(&inode->i_wb->list_lock))); #endif return inode->i_wb; } /** * unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin - begin unlocked inode wb access transaction * @inode: target inode * @cookie: output param, to be passed to the end function * * The caller wants to access the wb associated with @inode but isn't * holding inode->i_lock, the i_pages lock or wb->list_lock. This * function determines the wb associated with @inode and ensures that the * association doesn't change until the transaction is finished with * unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(). * * The caller must call unlocked_inode_to_wb_end() with *@cookie afterwards and * can't sleep during the transaction. IRQs may or may not be disabled on * return. */ static inline struct bdi_writeback * unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin(struct inode *inode, struct wb_lock_cookie *cookie) { rcu_read_lock(); /* * Paired with store_release in inode_switch_wbs_work_fn() and * ensures that we see the new wb if we see cleared I_WB_SWITCH. */ cookie->locked = smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_state) & I_WB_SWITCH; if (unlikely(cookie->locked)) xa_lock_irqsave(&inode->i_mapping->i_pages, cookie->flags); /* * Protected by either !I_WB_SWITCH + rcu_read_lock() or the i_pages * lock. inode_to_wb() will bark. Deref directly. */ return inode->i_wb; } /** * unlocked_inode_to_wb_end - end inode wb access transaction * @inode: target inode * @cookie: @cookie from unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin() */ static inline void unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(struct inode *inode, struct wb_lock_cookie *cookie) { if (unlikely(cookie->locked)) xa_unlock_irqrestore(&inode->i_mapping->i_pages, cookie->flags); rcu_read_unlock(); } #else /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ static inline bool inode_cgwb_enabled(struct inode *inode) { return false; } static inline struct bdi_writeback *wb_find_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { return &bdi->wb; } static inline struct bdi_writeback * wb_get_create_current(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, gfp_t gfp) { return &bdi->wb; } static inline bool inode_to_wb_is_valid(struct inode *inode) { return true; } static inline struct bdi_writeback *inode_to_wb(struct inode *inode) { return &inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb; } static inline struct bdi_writeback * unlocked_inode_to_wb_begin(struct inode *inode, struct wb_lock_cookie *cookie) { return inode_to_wb(inode); } static inline void unlocked_inode_to_wb_end(struct inode *inode, struct wb_lock_cookie *cookie) { } static inline void wb_memcg_offline(struct mem_cgroup *memcg) { } static inline void wb_blkcg_offline(struct blkcg *blkcg) { } static inline int inode_congested(struct inode *inode, int cong_bits) { return wb_congested(&inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb, cong_bits); } #endif /* CONFIG_CGROUP_WRITEBACK */ static inline int inode_read_congested(struct inode *inode) { return inode_congested(inode, 1 << WB_sync_congested); } static inline int inode_write_congested(struct inode *inode) { return inode_congested(inode, 1 << WB_async_congested); } static inline int inode_rw_congested(struct inode *inode) { return inode_congested(inode, (1 << WB_sync_congested) | (1 << WB_async_congested)); } static inline int bdi_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, int cong_bits) { return wb_congested(&bdi->wb, cong_bits); } static inline int bdi_read_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { return bdi_congested(bdi, 1 << WB_sync_congested); } static inline int bdi_write_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { return bdi_congested(bdi, 1 << WB_async_congested); } static inline int bdi_rw_congested(struct backing_dev_info *bdi) { return bdi_congested(bdi, (1 << WB_sync_congested) | (1 << WB_async_congested)); } const char *bdi_dev_name(struct backing_dev_info *bdi); #endif /* _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * Helper routines for building identity mapping page tables. This is * included by both the compressed kernel and the regular kernel. */ static void ident_pmd_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pmd_t *pmd_page, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { addr &= PMD_MASK; for (; addr < end; addr += PMD_SIZE) { pmd_t *pmd = pmd_page + pmd_index(addr); if (pmd_present(*pmd)) continue; set_pmd(pmd, __pmd((addr - info->offset) | info->page_flag)); } } static int ident_pud_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { unsigned long next; for (; addr < end; addr = next) { pud_t *pud = pud_page + pud_index(addr); pmd_t *pmd; next = (addr & PUD_MASK) + PUD_SIZE; if (next > end) next = end; if (info->direct_gbpages) { pud_t pudval; if (pud_present(*pud)) continue; addr &= PUD_MASK; pudval = __pud((addr - info->offset) | info->page_flag); set_pud(pud, pudval); continue; } if (pud_present(*pud)) { pmd = pmd_offset(pud, 0); ident_pmd_init(info, pmd, addr, next); continue; } pmd = (pmd_t *)info->alloc_pgt_page(info->context); if (!pmd) return -ENOMEM; ident_pmd_init(info, pmd, addr, next); set_pud(pud, __pud(__pa(pmd) | info->kernpg_flag)); } return 0; } static int ident_p4d_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, p4d_t *p4d_page, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end) { unsigned long next; int result; for (; addr < end; addr = next) { p4d_t *p4d = p4d_page + p4d_index(addr); pud_t *pud; next = (addr & P4D_MASK) + P4D_SIZE; if (next > end) next = end; if (p4d_present(*p4d)) { pud = pud_offset(p4d, 0); result = ident_pud_init(info, pud, addr, next); if (result) return result; continue; } pud = (pud_t *)info->alloc_pgt_page(info->context); if (!pud) return -ENOMEM; result = ident_pud_init(info, pud, addr, next); if (result) return result; set_p4d(p4d, __p4d(__pa(pud) | info->kernpg_flag)); } return 0; } int kernel_ident_mapping_init(struct x86_mapping_info *info, pgd_t *pgd_page, unsigned long pstart, unsigned long pend) { unsigned long addr = pstart + info->offset; unsigned long end = pend + info->offset; unsigned long next; int result; /* Set the default pagetable flags if not supplied */ if (!info->kernpg_flag) info->kernpg_flag = _KERNPG_TABLE; /* Filter out unsupported __PAGE_KERNEL_* bits: */ info->kernpg_flag &= __default_kernel_pte_mask; for (; addr < end; addr = next) { pgd_t *pgd = pgd_page + pgd_index(addr); p4d_t *p4d; next = (addr & PGDIR_MASK) + PGDIR_SIZE; if (next > end) next = end; if (pgd_present(*pgd)) { p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, 0); result = ident_p4d_init(info, p4d, addr, next); if (result) return result; continue; } p4d = (p4d_t *)info->alloc_pgt_page(info->context); if (!p4d) return -ENOMEM; result = ident_p4d_init(info, p4d, addr, next); if (result) return result; if (pgtable_l5_enabled()) { set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(__pa(p4d) | info->kernpg_flag)); } else { /* * With p4d folded, pgd is equal to p4d. * The pgd entry has to point to the pud page table in this case. */ pud_t *pud = pud_offset(p4d, 0); set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(__pa(pud) | info->kernpg_flag)); } } return 0; }
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later /* delayacct.c - per-task delay accounting * * Copyright (C) Shailabh Nagar, IBM Corp. 2006 */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/sched/cputime.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/taskstats.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/delayacct.h> #include <linux/module.h> int delayacct_on __read_mostly = 1; /* Delay accounting turned on/off */ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(delayacct_on); struct kmem_cache *delayacct_cache; static int __init delayacct_setup_disable(char *str) { delayacct_on = 0; return 1; } __setup("nodelayacct", delayacct_setup_disable); void delayacct_init(void) { delayacct_cache = KMEM_CACHE(task_delay_info, SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT); delayacct_tsk_init(&init_task); } void __delayacct_tsk_init(struct task_struct *tsk) { tsk->delays = kmem_cache_zalloc(delayacct_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (tsk->delays) raw_spin_lock_init(&tsk->delays->lock); } /* * Finish delay accounting for a statistic using its timestamps (@start), * accumalator (@total) and @count */ static void delayacct_end(raw_spinlock_t *lock, u64 *start, u64 *total, u32 *count) { s64 ns = ktime_get_ns() - *start; unsigned long flags; if (ns > 0) { raw_spin_lock_irqsave(lock, flags); *total += ns; (*count)++; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(lock, flags); } } void __delayacct_blkio_start(void) { current->delays->blkio_start = ktime_get_ns(); } /* * We cannot rely on the `current` macro, as we haven't yet switched back to * the process being woken. */ void __delayacct_blkio_end(struct task_struct *p) { struct task_delay_info *delays = p->delays; u64 *total; u32 *count; if (p->delays->flags & DELAYACCT_PF_SWAPIN) { total = &delays->swapin_delay; count = &delays->swapin_count; } else { total = &delays->blkio_delay; count = &delays->blkio_count; } delayacct_end(&delays->lock, &delays->blkio_start, total, count); } int __delayacct_add_tsk(struct taskstats *d, struct task_struct *tsk) { u64 utime, stime, stimescaled, utimescaled; unsigned long long t2, t3; unsigned long flags, t1; s64 tmp; task_cputime(tsk, &utime, &stime); tmp = (s64)d->cpu_run_real_total; tmp += utime + stime; d->cpu_run_real_total = (tmp < (s64)d->cpu_run_real_total) ? 0 : tmp; task_cputime_scaled(tsk, &utimescaled, &stimescaled); tmp = (s64)d->cpu_scaled_run_real_total; tmp += utimescaled + stimescaled; d->cpu_scaled_run_real_total = (tmp < (s64)d->cpu_scaled_run_real_total) ? 0 : tmp; /* * No locking available for sched_info (and too expensive to add one) * Mitigate by taking snapshot of values */ t1 = tsk->sched_info.pcount; t2 = tsk->sched_info.run_delay; t3 = tsk->se.sum_exec_runtime; d->cpu_count += t1; tmp = (s64)d->cpu_delay_total + t2; d->cpu_delay_total = (tmp < (s64)d->cpu_delay_total) ? 0 : tmp; tmp = (s64)d->cpu_run_virtual_total + t3; d->cpu_run_virtual_total = (tmp < (s64)d->cpu_run_virtual_total) ? 0 : tmp; /* zero XXX_total, non-zero XXX_count implies XXX stat overflowed */ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&tsk->delays->lock, flags); tmp = d->blkio_delay_total + tsk->delays->blkio_delay; d->blkio_delay_total = (tmp < d->blkio_delay_total) ? 0 : tmp; tmp = d->swapin_delay_total + tsk->delays->swapin_delay; d->swapin_delay_total = (tmp < d->swapin_delay_total) ? 0 : tmp; tmp = d->freepages_delay_total + tsk->delays->freepages_delay; d->freepages_delay_total = (tmp < d->freepages_delay_total) ? 0 : tmp; tmp = d->thrashing_delay_total + tsk->delays->thrashing_delay; d->thrashing_delay_total = (tmp < d->thrashing_delay_total) ? 0 : tmp; d->blkio_count += tsk->delays->blkio_count; d->swapin_count += tsk->delays->swapin_count; d->freepages_count += tsk->delays->freepages_count; d->thrashing_count += tsk->delays->thrashing_count; raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tsk->delays->lock, flags); return 0; } __u64 __delayacct_blkio_ticks(struct task_struct *tsk) { __u64 ret; unsigned long flags; raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&tsk->delays->lock, flags); ret = nsec_to_clock_t(tsk->delays->blkio_delay + tsk->delays->swapin_delay); raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tsk->delays->lock, flags); return ret; } void __delayacct_freepages_start(void) { current->delays->freepages_start = ktime_get_ns(); } void __delayacct_freepages_end(void) { delayacct_end( &current->delays->lock, &current->delays->freepages_start, &current->delays->freepages_delay, &current->delays->freepages_count); } void __delayacct_thrashing_start(void) { current->delays->thrashing_start = ktime_get_ns(); } void __delayacct_thrashing_end(void) { delayacct_end(&current->delays->lock, &current->delays->thrashing_start, &current->delays->thrashing_delay, &current->delays->thrashing_count); }
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES_H #define _NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES_H #include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_zones_common.h> #include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h> static inline const struct nf_conntrack_zone * nf_ct_zone(const struct nf_conn *ct) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES return &ct->zone; #else return &nf_ct_zone_dflt; #endif } static inline const struct nf_conntrack_zone * nf_ct_zone_init(struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, u16 id, u8 dir, u8 flags) { zone->id = id; zone->flags = flags; zone->dir = dir; return zone; } static inline const struct nf_conntrack_zone * nf_ct_zone_tmpl(const struct nf_conn *tmpl, const struct sk_buff *skb, struct nf_conntrack_zone *tmp) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES if (!tmpl) return &nf_ct_zone_dflt; if (tmpl->zone.flags & NF_CT_FLAG_MARK) return nf_ct_zone_init(tmp, skb->mark, tmpl->zone.dir, 0); #endif return nf_ct_zone(tmpl); } static inline void nf_ct_zone_add(struct nf_conn *ct, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES ct->zone = *zone; #endif } static inline bool nf_ct_zone_matches_dir(const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, enum ip_conntrack_dir dir) { return zone->dir & (1 << dir); } static inline u16 nf_ct_zone_id(const struct nf_conntrack_zone *zone, enum ip_conntrack_dir dir) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES return nf_ct_zone_matches_dir(zone, dir) ? zone->id : NF_CT_DEFAULT_ZONE_ID; #else return NF_CT_DEFAULT_ZONE_ID; #endif } static inline bool nf_ct_zone_equal(const struct nf_conn *a, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *b, enum ip_conntrack_dir dir) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES return nf_ct_zone_id(nf_ct_zone(a), dir) == nf_ct_zone_id(b, dir); #else return true; #endif } static inline bool nf_ct_zone_equal_any(const struct nf_conn *a, const struct nf_conntrack_zone *b) { #ifdef CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES return nf_ct_zone(a)->id == b->id; #else return true; #endif } #endif /* _NF_CONNTRACK_ZONES_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_H /* * Interface between the scheduler and various task lifetime (fork()/exit()) * functionality: */ #include <linux/sched.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> struct task_struct; struct rusage; union thread_union; struct css_set; /* All the bits taken by the old clone syscall. */ #define CLONE_LEGACY_FLAGS 0xffffffffULL struct kernel_clone_args { u64 flags; int __user *pidfd; int __user *child_tid; int __user *parent_tid; int exit_signal; unsigned long stack; unsigned long stack_size; unsigned long tls; pid_t *set_tid; /* Number of elements in *set_tid */ size_t set_tid_size; int cgroup; struct cgroup *cgrp; struct css_set *cset; }; /* * This serializes "schedule()" and also protects * the run-queue from deletions/modifications (but * _adding_ to the beginning of the run-queue has * a separate lock). */ extern rwlock_t tasklist_lock; extern spinlock_t mmlist_lock; extern union thread_union init_thread_union; extern struct task_struct init_task; #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU extern int lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held(void); #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */ extern asmlinkage void schedule_tail(struct task_struct *prev); extern void init_idle(struct task_struct *idle, int cpu); extern int sched_fork(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p); extern void sched_post_fork(struct task_struct *p, struct kernel_clone_args *kargs); extern void sched_dead(struct task_struct *p); void __noreturn do_task_dead(void); extern void proc_caches_init(void); extern void fork_init(void); extern void release_task(struct task_struct * p); extern int copy_thread(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, struct task_struct *, unsigned long); extern void flush_thread(void); #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_EXIT_THREAD extern void exit_thread(struct task_struct *tsk); #else static inline void exit_thread(struct task_struct *tsk) { } #endif extern void do_group_exit(int); extern void exit_files(struct task_struct *); extern void exit_itimers(struct signal_struct *); extern pid_t kernel_clone(struct kernel_clone_args *kargs); struct task_struct *fork_idle(int); struct mm_struct *copy_init_mm(void); extern pid_t kernel_thread(int (*fn)(void *), void *arg, unsigned long flags); extern long kernel_wait4(pid_t, int __user *, int, struct rusage *); int kernel_wait(pid_t pid, int *stat); extern void free_task(struct task_struct *tsk); /* sched_exec is called by processes performing an exec */ #ifdef CONFIG_SMP extern void sched_exec(void); #else #define sched_exec() {} #endif static inline struct task_struct *get_task_struct(struct task_struct *t) { refcount_inc(&t->usage); return t; } extern void __put_task_struct(struct task_struct *t); static inline void put_task_struct(struct task_struct *t) { if (refcount_dec_and_test(&t->usage)) __put_task_struct(t); } static inline void put_task_struct_many(struct task_struct *t, int nr) { if (refcount_sub_and_test(nr, &t->usage)) __put_task_struct(t); } void put_task_struct_rcu_user(struct task_struct *task); #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANTS_DYNAMIC_TASK_STRUCT extern int arch_task_struct_size __read_mostly; #else # define arch_task_struct_size (sizeof(struct task_struct)) #endif #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_THREAD_STRUCT_WHITELIST /* * If an architecture has not declared a thread_struct whitelist we * must assume something there may need to be copied to userspace. */ static inline void arch_thread_struct_whitelist(unsigned long *offset, unsigned long *size) { *offset = 0; /* Handle dynamically sized thread_struct. */ *size = arch_task_struct_size - offsetof(struct task_struct, thread); } #endif #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK static inline struct vm_struct *task_stack_vm_area(const struct task_struct *t) { return t->stack_vm_area; } #else static inline struct vm_struct *task_stack_vm_area(const struct task_struct *t) { return NULL; } #endif /* * Protects ->fs, ->files, ->mm, ->group_info, ->comm, keyring * subscriptions and synchronises with wait4(). Also used in procfs. Also * pins the final release of task.io_context. Also protects ->cpuset and * ->cgroup.subsys[]. And ->vfork_done. And ->sysvshm.shm_clist. * * Nests both inside and outside of read_lock(&tasklist_lock). * It must not be nested with write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock), * neither inside nor outside. */ static inline void task_lock(struct task_struct *p) { spin_lock(&p->alloc_lock); } static inline void task_unlock(struct task_struct *p) { spin_unlock(&p->alloc_lock); } #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_TASK_H */
1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM random #if !defined(_TRACE_RANDOM_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_RANDOM_H #include <linux/writeback.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(add_device_randomness, TP_PROTO(int bytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(bytes, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, bytes ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->bytes = bytes; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("bytes %d caller %pS", __entry->bytes, (void *)__entry->IP) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(random__mix_pool_bytes, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int bytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, bytes, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, bytes ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->bytes = bytes; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("%s pool: bytes %d caller %pS", __entry->pool_name, __entry->bytes, (void *)__entry->IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__mix_pool_bytes, mix_pool_bytes, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int bytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, bytes, IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__mix_pool_bytes, mix_pool_bytes_nolock, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int bytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, bytes, IP) ); TRACE_EVENT(credit_entropy_bits, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int bits, int entropy_count, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, bits, entropy_count, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, bits ) __field( int, entropy_count ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->bits = bits; __entry->entropy_count = entropy_count; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("%s pool: bits %d entropy_count %d caller %pS", __entry->pool_name, __entry->bits, __entry->entropy_count, (void *)__entry->IP) ); TRACE_EVENT(push_to_pool, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int pool_bits, int input_bits), TP_ARGS(pool_name, pool_bits, input_bits), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, pool_bits ) __field( int, input_bits ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->pool_bits = pool_bits; __entry->input_bits = input_bits; ), TP_printk("%s: pool_bits %d input_pool_bits %d", __entry->pool_name, __entry->pool_bits, __entry->input_bits) ); TRACE_EVENT(debit_entropy, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int debit_bits), TP_ARGS(pool_name, debit_bits), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, debit_bits ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->debit_bits = debit_bits; ), TP_printk("%s: debit_bits %d", __entry->pool_name, __entry->debit_bits) ); TRACE_EVENT(add_input_randomness, TP_PROTO(int input_bits), TP_ARGS(input_bits), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, input_bits ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->input_bits = input_bits; ), TP_printk("input_pool_bits %d", __entry->input_bits) ); TRACE_EVENT(add_disk_randomness, TP_PROTO(dev_t dev, int input_bits), TP_ARGS(dev, input_bits), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( dev_t, dev ) __field( int, input_bits ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dev = dev; __entry->input_bits = input_bits; ), TP_printk("dev %d,%d input_pool_bits %d", MAJOR(__entry->dev), MINOR(__entry->dev), __entry->input_bits) ); TRACE_EVENT(xfer_secondary_pool, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int xfer_bits, int request_bits, int pool_entropy, int input_entropy), TP_ARGS(pool_name, xfer_bits, request_bits, pool_entropy, input_entropy), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, xfer_bits ) __field( int, request_bits ) __field( int, pool_entropy ) __field( int, input_entropy ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->xfer_bits = xfer_bits; __entry->request_bits = request_bits; __entry->pool_entropy = pool_entropy; __entry->input_entropy = input_entropy; ), TP_printk("pool %s xfer_bits %d request_bits %d pool_entropy %d " "input_entropy %d", __entry->pool_name, __entry->xfer_bits, __entry->request_bits, __entry->pool_entropy, __entry->input_entropy) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(random__get_random_bytes, TP_PROTO(int nbytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(nbytes, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, nbytes ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->nbytes = nbytes; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("nbytes %d caller %pS", __entry->nbytes, (void *)__entry->IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__get_random_bytes, get_random_bytes, TP_PROTO(int nbytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(nbytes, IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__get_random_bytes, get_random_bytes_arch, TP_PROTO(int nbytes, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(nbytes, IP) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(random__extract_entropy, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int nbytes, int entropy_count, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, nbytes, entropy_count, IP), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( const char *, pool_name ) __field( int, nbytes ) __field( int, entropy_count ) __field(unsigned long, IP ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->pool_name = pool_name; __entry->nbytes = nbytes; __entry->entropy_count = entropy_count; __entry->IP = IP; ), TP_printk("%s pool: nbytes %d entropy_count %d caller %pS", __entry->pool_name, __entry->nbytes, __entry->entropy_count, (void *)__entry->IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__extract_entropy, extract_entropy, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int nbytes, int entropy_count, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, nbytes, entropy_count, IP) ); DEFINE_EVENT(random__extract_entropy, extract_entropy_user, TP_PROTO(const char *pool_name, int nbytes, int entropy_count, unsigned long IP), TP_ARGS(pool_name, nbytes, entropy_count, IP) ); TRACE_EVENT(random_read, TP_PROTO(int got_bits, int need_bits, int pool_left, int input_left), TP_ARGS(got_bits, need_bits, pool_left, input_left), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, got_bits ) __field( int, need_bits ) __field( int, pool_left ) __field( int, input_left ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->got_bits = got_bits; __entry->need_bits = need_bits; __entry->pool_left = pool_left; __entry->input_left = input_left; ), TP_printk("got_bits %d still_needed_bits %d " "blocking_pool_entropy_left %d input_entropy_left %d", __entry->got_bits, __entry->got_bits, __entry->pool_left, __entry->input_left) ); TRACE_EVENT(urandom_read, TP_PROTO(int got_bits, int pool_left, int input_left), TP_ARGS(got_bits, pool_left, input_left), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, got_bits ) __field( int, pool_left ) __field( int, input_left ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->got_bits = got_bits; __entry->pool_left = pool_left; __entry->input_left = input_left; ), TP_printk("got_bits %d nonblocking_pool_entropy_left %d " "input_entropy_left %d", __entry->got_bits, __entry->pool_left, __entry->input_left) ); TRACE_EVENT(prandom_u32, TP_PROTO(unsigned int ret), TP_ARGS(ret), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( unsigned int, ret) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->ret = ret; ), TP_printk("ret=%u" , __entry->ret) ); #endif /* _TRACE_RANDOM_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * Authors: Thiébaud Weksteen <tweek@google.com> * Peter Enderborg <Peter.Enderborg@sony.com> */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM avc #if !defined(_TRACE_SELINUX_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_SELINUX_H #include <linux/tracepoint.h> TRACE_EVENT(selinux_audited, TP_PROTO(struct selinux_audit_data *sad, char *scontext, char *tcontext, const char *tclass ), TP_ARGS(sad, scontext, tcontext, tclass), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field(u32, requested) __field(u32, denied) __field(u32, audited) __field(int, result) __string(scontext, scontext) __string(tcontext, tcontext) __string(tclass, tclass) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->requested = sad->requested; __entry->denied = sad->denied; __entry->audited = sad->audited; __entry->result = sad->result; __assign_str(tcontext, tcontext); __assign_str(scontext, scontext); __assign_str(tclass, tclass); ), TP_printk("requested=0x%x denied=0x%x audited=0x%x result=%d scontext=%s tcontext=%s tclass=%s", __entry->requested, __entry->denied, __entry->audited, __entry->result, __get_str(scontext), __get_str(tcontext), __get_str(tclass) ) ); #endif /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ /* * fs-verity: read-only file-based authenticity protection * * This header declares the interface between the fs/verity/ support layer and * filesystems that support fs-verity. * * Copyright 2019 Google LLC */ #ifndef _LINUX_FSVERITY_H #define _LINUX_FSVERITY_H #include <linux/fs.h> #include <uapi/linux/fsverity.h> /* Verity operations for filesystems */ struct fsverity_operations { /** * Begin enabling verity on the given file. * * @filp: a readonly file descriptor for the file * * The filesystem must do any needed filesystem-specific preparations * for enabling verity, e.g. evicting inline data. It also must return * -EBUSY if verity is already being enabled on the given file. * * i_rwsem is held for write. * * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure */ int (*begin_enable_verity)(struct file *filp); /** * End enabling verity on the given file. * * @filp: a readonly file descriptor for the file * @desc: the verity descriptor to write, or NULL on failure * @desc_size: size of verity descriptor, or 0 on failure * @merkle_tree_size: total bytes the Merkle tree took up * * If desc == NULL, then enabling verity failed and the filesystem only * must do any necessary cleanups. Else, it must also store the given * verity descriptor to a fs-specific location associated with the inode * and do any fs-specific actions needed to mark the inode as a verity * inode, e.g. setting a bit in the on-disk inode. The filesystem is * also responsible for setting the S_VERITY flag in the VFS inode. * * i_rwsem is held for write, but it may have been dropped between * ->begin_enable_verity() and ->end_enable_verity(). * * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure */ int (*end_enable_verity)(struct file *filp, const void *desc, size_t desc_size, u64 merkle_tree_size); /** * Get the verity descriptor of the given inode. * * @inode: an inode with the S_VERITY flag set * @buf: buffer in which to place the verity descriptor * @bufsize: size of @buf, or 0 to retrieve the size only * * If bufsize == 0, then the size of the verity descriptor is returned. * Otherwise the verity descriptor is written to 'buf' and its actual * size is returned; -ERANGE is returned if it's too large. This may be * called by multiple processes concurrently on the same inode. * * Return: the size on success, -errno on failure */ int (*get_verity_descriptor)(struct inode *inode, void *buf, size_t bufsize); /** * Read a Merkle tree page of the given inode. * * @inode: the inode * @index: 0-based index of the page within the Merkle tree * @num_ra_pages: The number of Merkle tree pages that should be * prefetched starting at @index if the page at @index * isn't already cached. Implementations may ignore this * argument; it's only a performance optimization. * * This can be called at any time on an open verity file, as well as * between ->begin_enable_verity() and ->end_enable_verity(). It may be * called by multiple processes concurrently, even with the same page. * * Note that this must retrieve a *page*, not necessarily a *block*. * * Return: the page on success, ERR_PTR() on failure */ struct page *(*read_merkle_tree_page)(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t index, unsigned long num_ra_pages); /** * Write a Merkle tree block to the given inode. * * @inode: the inode for which the Merkle tree is being built * @buf: block to write * @index: 0-based index of the block within the Merkle tree * @log_blocksize: log base 2 of the Merkle tree block size * * This is only called between ->begin_enable_verity() and * ->end_enable_verity(). * * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure */ int (*write_merkle_tree_block)(struct inode *inode, const void *buf, u64 index, int log_blocksize); }; #ifdef CONFIG_FS_VERITY static inline struct fsverity_info *fsverity_get_info(const struct inode *inode) { /* * Pairs with the cmpxchg_release() in fsverity_set_info(). * I.e., another task may publish ->i_verity_info concurrently, * executing a RELEASE barrier. We need to use smp_load_acquire() here * to safely ACQUIRE the memory the other task published. */ return smp_load_acquire(&inode->i_verity_info); } /* enable.c */ int fsverity_ioctl_enable(struct file *filp, const void __user *arg); /* measure.c */ int fsverity_ioctl_measure(struct file *filp, void __user *arg); /* open.c */ int fsverity_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp); int fsverity_prepare_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr); void fsverity_cleanup_inode(struct inode *inode); /* verify.c */ bool fsverity_verify_page(struct page *page); void fsverity_verify_bio(struct bio *bio); void fsverity_enqueue_verify_work(struct work_struct *work); #else /* !CONFIG_FS_VERITY */ static inline struct fsverity_info *fsverity_get_info(const struct inode *inode) { return NULL; } /* enable.c */ static inline int fsverity_ioctl_enable(struct file *filp, const void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } /* measure.c */ static inline int fsverity_ioctl_measure(struct file *filp, void __user *arg) { return -EOPNOTSUPP; } /* open.c */ static inline int fsverity_file_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp) { return IS_VERITY(inode) ? -EOPNOTSUPP : 0; } static inline int fsverity_prepare_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr) { return IS_VERITY(d_inode(dentry)) ? -EOPNOTSUPP : 0; } static inline void fsverity_cleanup_inode(struct inode *inode) { } /* verify.c */ static inline bool fsverity_verify_page(struct page *page) { WARN_ON(1); return false; } static inline void fsverity_verify_bio(struct bio *bio) { WARN_ON(1); } static inline void fsverity_enqueue_verify_work(struct work_struct *work) { WARN_ON(1); } #endif /* !CONFIG_FS_VERITY */ /** * fsverity_active() - do reads from the inode need to go through fs-verity? * @inode: inode to check * * This checks whether ->i_verity_info has been set. * * Filesystems call this from ->readpages() to check whether the pages need to * be verified or not. Don't use IS_VERITY() for this purpose; it's subject to * a race condition where the file is being read concurrently with * FS_IOC_ENABLE_VERITY completing. (S_VERITY is set before ->i_verity_info.) * * Return: true if reads need to go through fs-verity, otherwise false */ static inline bool fsverity_active(const struct inode *inode) { return fsverity_get_info(inode) != NULL; } #endif /* _LINUX_FSVERITY_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #undef TRACE_SYSTEM #define TRACE_SYSTEM cgroup #if !defined(_TRACE_CGROUP_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ) #define _TRACE_CGROUP_H #include <linux/cgroup.h> #include <linux/tracepoint.h> DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(cgroup_root, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup_root *root), TP_ARGS(root), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, root ) __field( u16, ss_mask ) __string( name, root->name ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->root = root->hierarchy_id; __entry->ss_mask = root->subsys_mask; __assign_str(name, root->name); ), TP_printk("root=%d ss_mask=%#x name=%s", __entry->root, __entry->ss_mask, __get_str(name)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup_root, cgroup_setup_root, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup_root *root), TP_ARGS(root) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup_root, cgroup_destroy_root, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup_root *root), TP_ARGS(root) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup_root, cgroup_remount, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup_root *root), TP_ARGS(root) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(cgroup, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, root ) __field( int, id ) __field( int, level ) __string( path, path ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->root = cgrp->root->hierarchy_id; __entry->id = cgroup_id(cgrp); __entry->level = cgrp->level; __assign_str(path, path); ), TP_printk("root=%d id=%d level=%d path=%s", __entry->root, __entry->id, __entry->level, __get_str(path)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup, cgroup_mkdir, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup, cgroup_rmdir, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup, cgroup_release, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup, cgroup_rename, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup, cgroup_freeze, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup, cgroup_unfreeze, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(cgroup_migrate, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *dst_cgrp, const char *path, struct task_struct *task, bool threadgroup), TP_ARGS(dst_cgrp, path, task, threadgroup), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, dst_root ) __field( int, dst_id ) __field( int, dst_level ) __field( int, pid ) __string( dst_path, path ) __string( comm, task->comm ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->dst_root = dst_cgrp->root->hierarchy_id; __entry->dst_id = cgroup_id(dst_cgrp); __entry->dst_level = dst_cgrp->level; __assign_str(dst_path, path); __entry->pid = task->pid; __assign_str(comm, task->comm); ), TP_printk("dst_root=%d dst_id=%d dst_level=%d dst_path=%s pid=%d comm=%s", __entry->dst_root, __entry->dst_id, __entry->dst_level, __get_str(dst_path), __entry->pid, __get_str(comm)) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup_migrate, cgroup_attach_task, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *dst_cgrp, const char *path, struct task_struct *task, bool threadgroup), TP_ARGS(dst_cgrp, path, task, threadgroup) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup_migrate, cgroup_transfer_tasks, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *dst_cgrp, const char *path, struct task_struct *task, bool threadgroup), TP_ARGS(dst_cgrp, path, task, threadgroup) ); DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(cgroup_event, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path, int val), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path, val), TP_STRUCT__entry( __field( int, root ) __field( int, id ) __field( int, level ) __string( path, path ) __field( int, val ) ), TP_fast_assign( __entry->root = cgrp->root->hierarchy_id; __entry->id = cgroup_id(cgrp); __entry->level = cgrp->level; __assign_str(path, path); __entry->val = val; ), TP_printk("root=%d id=%d level=%d path=%s val=%d", __entry->root, __entry->id, __entry->level, __get_str(path), __entry->val) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup_event, cgroup_notify_populated, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path, int val), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path, val) ); DEFINE_EVENT(cgroup_event, cgroup_notify_frozen, TP_PROTO(struct cgroup *cgrp, const char *path, int val), TP_ARGS(cgrp, path, val) ); #endif /* _TRACE_CGROUP_H */ /* This part must be outside protection */ #include <trace/define_trace.h>
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 #include "cgroup-internal.h" #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/nsproxy.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> /* cgroup namespaces */ static struct ucounts *inc_cgroup_namespaces(struct user_namespace *ns) { return inc_ucount(ns, current_euid(), UCOUNT_CGROUP_NAMESPACES); } static void dec_cgroup_namespaces(struct ucounts *ucounts) { dec_ucount(ucounts, UCOUNT_CGROUP_NAMESPACES); } static struct cgroup_namespace *alloc_cgroup_ns(void) { struct cgroup_namespace *new_ns; int ret; new_ns = kzalloc(sizeof(struct cgroup_namespace), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_ns) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); ret = ns_alloc_inum(&new_ns->ns); if (ret) { kfree(new_ns); return ERR_PTR(ret); } refcount_set(&new_ns->count, 1); new_ns->ns.ops = &cgroupns_operations; return new_ns; } void free_cgroup_ns(struct cgroup_namespace *ns) { put_css_set(ns->root_cset); dec_cgroup_namespaces(ns->ucounts); put_user_ns(ns->user_ns); ns_free_inum(&ns->ns); kfree(ns); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(free_cgroup_ns); struct cgroup_namespace *copy_cgroup_ns(unsigned long flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct cgroup_namespace *old_ns) { struct cgroup_namespace *new_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; struct css_set *cset; BUG_ON(!old_ns); if (!(flags & CLONE_NEWCGROUP)) { get_cgroup_ns(old_ns); return old_ns; } /* Allow only sysadmin to create cgroup namespace. */ if (!ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); ucounts = inc_cgroup_namespaces(user_ns); if (!ucounts) return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC); /* It is not safe to take cgroup_mutex here */ spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock); cset = task_css_set(current); get_css_set(cset); spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock); new_ns = alloc_cgroup_ns(); if (IS_ERR(new_ns)) { put_css_set(cset); dec_cgroup_namespaces(ucounts); return new_ns; } new_ns->user_ns = get_user_ns(user_ns); new_ns->ucounts = ucounts; new_ns->root_cset = cset; return new_ns; } static inline struct cgroup_namespace *to_cg_ns(struct ns_common *ns) { return container_of(ns, struct cgroup_namespace, ns); } static int cgroupns_install(struct nsset *nsset, struct ns_common *ns) { struct nsproxy *nsproxy = nsset->nsproxy; struct cgroup_namespace *cgroup_ns = to_cg_ns(ns); if (!ns_capable(nsset->cred->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN) || !ns_capable(cgroup_ns->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; /* Don't need to do anything if we are attaching to our own cgroupns. */ if (cgroup_ns == nsproxy->cgroup_ns) return 0; get_cgroup_ns(cgroup_ns); put_cgroup_ns(nsproxy->cgroup_ns); nsproxy->cgroup_ns = cgroup_ns; return 0; } static struct ns_common *cgroupns_get(struct task_struct *task) { struct cgroup_namespace *ns = NULL; struct nsproxy *nsproxy; task_lock(task); nsproxy = task->nsproxy; if (nsproxy) { ns = nsproxy->cgroup_ns; get_cgroup_ns(ns); } task_unlock(task); return ns ? &ns->ns : NULL; } static void cgroupns_put(struct ns_common *ns) { put_cgroup_ns(to_cg_ns(ns)); } static struct user_namespace *cgroupns_owner(struct ns_common *ns) { return to_cg_ns(ns)->user_ns; } const struct proc_ns_operations cgroupns_operations = { .name = "cgroup", .type = CLONE_NEWCGROUP, .get = cgroupns_get, .put = cgroupns_put, .install = cgroupns_install, .owner = cgroupns_owner, }; static __init int cgroup_namespaces_init(void) { return 0; } subsys_initcall(cgroup_namespaces_init);
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * hrtimers - High-resolution kernel timers * * Copyright(C) 2005, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> * Copyright(C) 2005, Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar * * data type definitions, declarations, prototypes * * Started by: Thomas Gleixner and Ingo Molnar */ #ifndef _LINUX_HRTIMER_H #define _LINUX_HRTIMER_H #include <linux/hrtimer_defs.h> #include <linux/rbtree.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/percpu.h> #include <linux/seqlock.h> #include <linux/timer.h> #include <linux/timerqueue.h> struct hrtimer_clock_base; struct hrtimer_cpu_base; /* * Mode arguments of xxx_hrtimer functions: * * HRTIMER_MODE_ABS - Time value is absolute * HRTIMER_MODE_REL - Time value is relative to now * HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED - Timer is bound to CPU (is only considered * when starting the timer) * HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT - Timer callback function will be executed in * soft irq context * HRTIMER_MODE_HARD - Timer callback function will be executed in * hard irq context even on PREEMPT_RT. */ enum hrtimer_mode { HRTIMER_MODE_ABS = 0x00, HRTIMER_MODE_REL = 0x01, HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED = 0x02, HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT = 0x04, HRTIMER_MODE_HARD = 0x08, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED = HRTIMER_MODE_ABS | HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED = HRTIMER_MODE_REL | HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_SOFT = HRTIMER_MODE_ABS | HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_SOFT = HRTIMER_MODE_REL | HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED_SOFT = HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED | HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED_SOFT = HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED | HRTIMER_MODE_SOFT, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_HARD = HRTIMER_MODE_ABS | HRTIMER_MODE_HARD, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_HARD = HRTIMER_MODE_REL | HRTIMER_MODE_HARD, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED_HARD = HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED | HRTIMER_MODE_HARD, HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED_HARD = HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED | HRTIMER_MODE_HARD, }; /* * Return values for the callback function */ enum hrtimer_restart { HRTIMER_NORESTART, /* Timer is not restarted */ HRTIMER_RESTART, /* Timer must be restarted */ }; /* * Values to track state of the timer * * Possible states: * * 0x00 inactive * 0x01 enqueued into rbtree * * The callback state is not part of the timer->state because clearing it would * mean touching the timer after the callback, this makes it impossible to free * the timer from the callback function. * * Therefore we track the callback state in: * * timer->base->cpu_base->running == timer * * On SMP it is possible to have a "callback function running and enqueued" * status. It happens for example when a posix timer expired and the callback * queued a signal. Between dropping the lock which protects the posix timer * and reacquiring the base lock of the hrtimer, another CPU can deliver the * signal and rearm the timer. * * All state transitions are protected by cpu_base->lock. */ #define HRTIMER_STATE_INACTIVE 0x00 #define HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED 0x01 /** * struct hrtimer - the basic hrtimer structure * @node: timerqueue node, which also manages node.expires, * the absolute expiry time in the hrtimers internal * representation. The time is related to the clock on * which the timer is based. Is setup by adding * slack to the _softexpires value. For non range timers * identical to _softexpires. * @_softexpires: the absolute earliest expiry time of the hrtimer. * The time which was given as expiry time when the timer * was armed. * @function: timer expiry callback function * @base: pointer to the timer base (per cpu and per clock) * @state: state information (See bit values above) * @is_rel: Set if the timer was armed relative * @is_soft: Set if hrtimer will be expired in soft interrupt context. * @is_hard: Set if hrtimer will be expired in hard interrupt context * even on RT. * * The hrtimer structure must be initialized by hrtimer_init() */ struct hrtimer { struct timerqueue_node node; ktime_t _softexpires; enum hrtimer_restart (*function)(struct hrtimer *); struct hrtimer_clock_base *base; u8 state; u8 is_rel; u8 is_soft; u8 is_hard; }; /** * struct hrtimer_sleeper - simple sleeper structure * @timer: embedded timer structure * @task: task to wake up * * task is set to NULL, when the timer expires. */ struct hrtimer_sleeper { struct hrtimer timer; struct task_struct *task; }; #ifdef CONFIG_64BIT # define __hrtimer_clock_base_align ____cacheline_aligned #else # define __hrtimer_clock_base_align #endif /** * struct hrtimer_clock_base - the timer base for a specific clock * @cpu_base: per cpu clock base * @index: clock type index for per_cpu support when moving a * timer to a base on another cpu. * @clockid: clock id for per_cpu support * @seq: seqcount around __run_hrtimer * @running: pointer to the currently running hrtimer * @active: red black tree root node for the active timers * @get_time: function to retrieve the current time of the clock * @offset: offset of this clock to the monotonic base */ struct hrtimer_clock_base { struct hrtimer_cpu_base *cpu_base; unsigned int index; clockid_t clockid; seqcount_raw_spinlock_t seq; struct hrtimer *running; struct timerqueue_head active; ktime_t (*get_time)(void); ktime_t offset; } __hrtimer_clock_base_align; enum hrtimer_base_type { HRTIMER_BASE_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_BASE_REALTIME, HRTIMER_BASE_BOOTTIME, HRTIMER_BASE_TAI, HRTIMER_BASE_MONOTONIC_SOFT, HRTIMER_BASE_REALTIME_SOFT, HRTIMER_BASE_BOOTTIME_SOFT, HRTIMER_BASE_TAI_SOFT, HRTIMER_MAX_CLOCK_BASES, }; /** * struct hrtimer_cpu_base - the per cpu clock bases * @lock: lock protecting the base and associated clock bases * and timers * @cpu: cpu number * @active_bases: Bitfield to mark bases with active timers * @clock_was_set_seq: Sequence counter of clock was set events * @hres_active: State of high resolution mode * @in_hrtirq: hrtimer_interrupt() is currently executing * @hang_detected: The last hrtimer interrupt detected a hang * @softirq_activated: displays, if the softirq is raised - update of softirq * related settings is not required then. * @nr_events: Total number of hrtimer interrupt events * @nr_retries: Total number of hrtimer interrupt retries * @nr_hangs: Total number of hrtimer interrupt hangs * @max_hang_time: Maximum time spent in hrtimer_interrupt * @softirq_expiry_lock: Lock which is taken while softirq based hrtimer are * expired * @timer_waiters: A hrtimer_cancel() invocation waits for the timer * callback to finish. * @expires_next: absolute time of the next event, is required for remote * hrtimer enqueue; it is the total first expiry time (hard * and soft hrtimer are taken into account) * @next_timer: Pointer to the first expiring timer * @softirq_expires_next: Time to check, if soft queues needs also to be expired * @softirq_next_timer: Pointer to the first expiring softirq based timer * @clock_base: array of clock bases for this cpu * * Note: next_timer is just an optimization for __remove_hrtimer(). * Do not dereference the pointer because it is not reliable on * cross cpu removals. */ struct hrtimer_cpu_base { raw_spinlock_t lock; unsigned int cpu; unsigned int active_bases; unsigned int clock_was_set_seq; unsigned int hres_active : 1, in_hrtirq : 1, hang_detected : 1, softirq_activated : 1; #ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS unsigned int nr_events; unsigned short nr_retries; unsigned short nr_hangs; unsigned int max_hang_time; #endif #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT spinlock_t softirq_expiry_lock; atomic_t timer_waiters; #endif ktime_t expires_next; struct hrtimer *next_timer; ktime_t softirq_expires_next; struct hrtimer *softirq_next_timer; struct hrtimer_clock_base clock_base[HRTIMER_MAX_CLOCK_BASES]; } ____cacheline_aligned; static inline void hrtimer_set_expires(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t time) { timer->node.expires = time; timer->_softexpires = time; } static inline void hrtimer_set_expires_range(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t time, ktime_t delta) { timer->_softexpires = time; timer->node.expires = ktime_add_safe(time, delta); } static inline void hrtimer_set_expires_range_ns(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t time, u64 delta) { timer->_softexpires = time; timer->node.expires = ktime_add_safe(time, ns_to_ktime(delta)); } static inline void hrtimer_set_expires_tv64(struct hrtimer *timer, s64 tv64) { timer->node.expires = tv64; timer->_softexpires = tv64; } static inline void hrtimer_add_expires(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t time) { timer->node.expires = ktime_add_safe(timer->node.expires, time); timer->_softexpires = ktime_add_safe(timer->_softexpires, time); } static inline void hrtimer_add_expires_ns(struct hrtimer *timer, u64 ns) { timer->node.expires = ktime_add_ns(timer->node.expires, ns); timer->_softexpires = ktime_add_ns(timer->_softexpires, ns); } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_get_expires(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->node.expires; } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_get_softexpires(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->_softexpires; } static inline s64 hrtimer_get_expires_tv64(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->node.expires; } static inline s64 hrtimer_get_softexpires_tv64(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->_softexpires; } static inline s64 hrtimer_get_expires_ns(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return ktime_to_ns(timer->node.expires); } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_expires_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return ktime_sub(timer->node.expires, timer->base->get_time()); } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_cb_get_time(struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->base->get_time(); } static inline int hrtimer_is_hres_active(struct hrtimer *timer) { return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS) ? timer->base->cpu_base->hres_active : 0; } #ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS struct clock_event_device; extern void hrtimer_interrupt(struct clock_event_device *dev); extern unsigned int hrtimer_resolution; #else #define hrtimer_resolution (unsigned int)LOW_RES_NSEC #endif static inline ktime_t __hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(const struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t now) { ktime_t rem = ktime_sub(timer->node.expires, now); /* * Adjust relative timers for the extra we added in * hrtimer_start_range_ns() to prevent short timeouts. */ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES) && timer->is_rel) rem -= hrtimer_resolution; return rem; } static inline ktime_t hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return __hrtimer_expires_remaining_adjusted(timer, timer->base->get_time()); } #ifdef CONFIG_TIMERFD extern void timerfd_clock_was_set(void); #else static inline void timerfd_clock_was_set(void) { } #endif extern void hrtimers_resume(void); DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct tick_device, tick_cpu_device); #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT void hrtimer_cancel_wait_running(const struct hrtimer *timer); #else static inline void hrtimer_cancel_wait_running(struct hrtimer *timer) { cpu_relax(); } #endif /* Exported timer functions: */ /* Initialize timers: */ extern void hrtimer_init(struct hrtimer *timer, clockid_t which_clock, enum hrtimer_mode mode); extern void hrtimer_init_sleeper(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_TIMERS extern void hrtimer_init_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer, clockid_t which_clock, enum hrtimer_mode mode); extern void hrtimer_init_sleeper_on_stack(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode); extern void destroy_hrtimer_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer); #else static inline void hrtimer_init_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer, clockid_t which_clock, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { hrtimer_init(timer, which_clock, mode); } static inline void hrtimer_init_sleeper_on_stack(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, clockid_t clock_id, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { hrtimer_init_sleeper(sl, clock_id, mode); } static inline void destroy_hrtimer_on_stack(struct hrtimer *timer) { } #endif /* Basic timer operations: */ extern void hrtimer_start_range_ns(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t tim, u64 range_ns, const enum hrtimer_mode mode); /** * hrtimer_start - (re)start an hrtimer * @timer: the timer to be added * @tim: expiry time * @mode: timer mode: absolute (HRTIMER_MODE_ABS) or * relative (HRTIMER_MODE_REL), and pinned (HRTIMER_MODE_PINNED); * softirq based mode is considered for debug purpose only! */ static inline void hrtimer_start(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t tim, const enum hrtimer_mode mode) { hrtimer_start_range_ns(timer, tim, 0, mode); } extern int hrtimer_cancel(struct hrtimer *timer); extern int hrtimer_try_to_cancel(struct hrtimer *timer); static inline void hrtimer_start_expires(struct hrtimer *timer, enum hrtimer_mode mode) { u64 delta; ktime_t soft, hard; soft = hrtimer_get_softexpires(timer); hard = hrtimer_get_expires(timer); delta = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(hard, soft)); hrtimer_start_range_ns(timer, soft, delta, mode); } void hrtimer_sleeper_start_expires(struct hrtimer_sleeper *sl, enum hrtimer_mode mode); static inline void hrtimer_restart(struct hrtimer *timer) { hrtimer_start_expires(timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS); } /* Query timers: */ extern ktime_t __hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer, bool adjust); static inline ktime_t hrtimer_get_remaining(const struct hrtimer *timer) { return __hrtimer_get_remaining(timer, false); } extern u64 hrtimer_get_next_event(void); extern u64 hrtimer_next_event_without(const struct hrtimer *exclude); extern bool hrtimer_active(const struct hrtimer *timer); /** * hrtimer_is_queued = check, whether the timer is on one of the queues * @timer: Timer to check * * Returns: True if the timer is queued, false otherwise * * The function can be used lockless, but it gives only a current snapshot. */ static inline bool hrtimer_is_queued(struct hrtimer *timer) { /* The READ_ONCE pairs with the update functions of timer->state */ return !!(READ_ONCE(timer->state) & HRTIMER_STATE_ENQUEUED); } /* * Helper function to check, whether the timer is running the callback * function */ static inline int hrtimer_callback_running(struct hrtimer *timer) { return timer->base->running == timer; } /* Forward a hrtimer so it expires after now: */ extern u64 hrtimer_forward(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t now, ktime_t interval); /** * hrtimer_forward_now - forward the timer expiry so it expires after now * @timer: hrtimer to forward * @interval: the interval to forward * * Forward the timer expiry so it will expire after the current time * of the hrtimer clock base. Returns the number of overruns. * * Can be safely called from the callback function of @timer. If * called from other contexts @timer must neither be enqueued nor * running the callback and the caller needs to take care of * serialization. * * Note: This only updates the timer expiry value and does not requeue * the timer. */ static inline u64 hrtimer_forward_now(struct hrtimer *timer, ktime_t interval) { return hrtimer_forward(timer, timer->base->get_time(), interval); } /* Precise sleep: */ extern int nanosleep_copyout(struct restart_block *, struct timespec64 *); extern long hrtimer_nanosleep(ktime_t rqtp, const enum hrtimer_mode mode, const clockid_t clockid); extern int schedule_hrtimeout_range(ktime_t *expires, u64 delta, const enum hrtimer_mode mode); extern int schedule_hrtimeout_range_clock(ktime_t *expires, u64 delta, const enum hrtimer_mode mode, clockid_t clock_id); extern int schedule_hrtimeout(ktime_t *expires, const enum hrtimer_mode mode); /* Soft interrupt function to run the hrtimer queues: */ extern void hrtimer_run_queues(void); /* Bootup initialization: */ extern void __init hrtimers_init(void); /* Show pending timers: */ extern void sysrq_timer_list_show(void); int hrtimers_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu); #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU int hrtimers_dead_cpu(unsigned int cpu); #else #define hrtimers_dead_cpu NULL #endif #endif
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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 /* * linux/fs/super.c * * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds * * super.c contains code to handle: - mount structures * - super-block tables * - filesystem drivers list * - mount system call * - umount system call * - ustat system call * * GK 2/5/95 - Changed to support mounting the root fs via NFS * * Added kerneld support: Jacques Gelinas and Bjorn Ekwall * Added change_root: Werner Almesberger & Hans Lermen, Feb '96 * Added options to /proc/mounts: * Torbjörn Lindh (torbjorn.lindh@gopta.se), April 14, 1996. * Added devfs support: Richard Gooch <rgooch@atnf.csiro.au>, 13-JAN-1998 * Heavily rewritten for 'one fs - one tree' dcache architecture. AV, Mar 2000 */ #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/blkdev.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/writeback.h> /* for the emergency remount stuff */ #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/mutex.h> #include <linux/backing-dev.h> #include <linux/rculist_bl.h> #include <linux/cleancache.h> #include <linux/fscrypt.h> #include <linux/fsnotify.h> #include <linux/lockdep.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> #include <uapi/linux/mount.h> #include "internal.h" static int thaw_super_locked(struct super_block *sb); static LIST_HEAD(super_blocks); static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(sb_lock); static char *sb_writers_name[SB_FREEZE_LEVELS] = { "sb_writers", "sb_pagefaults", "sb_internal", }; /* * One thing we have to be careful of with a per-sb shrinker is that we don't * drop the last active reference to the superblock from within the shrinker. * If that happens we could trigger unregistering the shrinker from within the * shrinker path and that leads to deadlock on the shrinker_rwsem. Hence we * take a passive reference to the superblock to avoid this from occurring. */ static unsigned long super_cache_scan(struct shrinker *shrink, struct shrink_control *sc) { struct super_block *sb; long fs_objects = 0; long total_objects; long freed = 0; long dentries; long inodes; sb = container_of(shrink, struct super_block, s_shrink); /* * Deadlock avoidance. We may hold various FS locks, and we don't want * to recurse into the FS that called us in clear_inode() and friends.. */ if (!(sc->gfp_mask & __GFP_FS)) return SHRINK_STOP; if (!trylock_super(sb)) return SHRINK_STOP; if (sb->s_op->nr_cached_objects) fs_objects = sb->s_op->nr_cached_objects(sb, sc); inodes = list_lru_shrink_count(&sb->s_inode_lru, sc); dentries = list_lru_shrink_count(&sb->s_dentry_lru, sc); total_objects = dentries + inodes + fs_objects + 1; if (!total_objects) total_objects = 1; /* proportion the scan between the caches */ dentries = mult_frac(sc->nr_to_scan, dentries, total_objects); inodes = mult_frac(sc->nr_to_scan, inodes, total_objects); fs_objects = mult_frac(sc->nr_to_scan, fs_objects, total_objects); /* * prune the dcache first as the icache is pinned by it, then * prune the icache, followed by the filesystem specific caches * * Ensure that we always scan at least one object - memcg kmem * accounting uses this to fully empty the caches. */ sc->nr_to_scan = dentries + 1; freed = prune_dcache_sb(sb, sc); sc->nr_to_scan = inodes + 1; freed += prune_icache_sb(sb, sc); if (fs_objects) { sc->nr_to_scan = fs_objects + 1; freed += sb->s_op->free_cached_objects(sb, sc); } up_read(&sb->s_umount); return freed; } static unsigned long super_cache_count(struct shrinker *shrink, struct shrink_control *sc) { struct super_block *sb; long total_objects = 0; sb = container_of(shrink, struct super_block, s_shrink); /* * We don't call trylock_super() here as it is a scalability bottleneck, * so we're exposed to partial setup state. The shrinker rwsem does not * protect filesystem operations backing list_lru_shrink_count() or * s_op->nr_cached_objects(). Counts can change between * super_cache_count and super_cache_scan, so we really don't need locks * here. * * However, if we are currently mounting the superblock, the underlying * filesystem might be in a state of partial construction and hence it * is dangerous to access it. trylock_super() uses a SB_BORN check to * avoid this situation, so do the same here. The memory barrier is * matched with the one in mount_fs() as we don't hold locks here. */ if (!(sb->s_flags & SB_BORN)) return 0; smp_rmb(); if (sb->s_op && sb->s_op->nr_cached_objects) total_objects = sb->s_op->nr_cached_objects(sb, sc); total_objects += list_lru_shrink_count(&sb->s_dentry_lru, sc); total_objects += list_lru_shrink_count(&sb->s_inode_lru, sc); if (!total_objects) return SHRINK_EMPTY; total_objects = vfs_pressure_ratio(total_objects); return total_objects; } static void destroy_super_work(struct work_struct *work) { struct super_block *s = container_of(work, struct super_block, destroy_work); int i; for (i = 0; i < SB_FREEZE_LEVELS; i++) percpu_free_rwsem(&s->s_writers.rw_sem[i]); kfree(s); } static void destroy_super_rcu(struct rcu_head *head) { struct super_block *s = container_of(head, struct super_block, rcu); INIT_WORK(&s->destroy_work, destroy_super_work); schedule_work(&s->destroy_work); } /* Free a superblock that has never been seen by anyone */ static void destroy_unused_super(struct super_block *s) { if (!s) return; up_write(&s->s_umount); list_lru_destroy(&s->s_dentry_lru); list_lru_destroy(&s->s_inode_lru); security_sb_free(s); put_user_ns(s->s_user_ns); kfree(s->s_subtype); free_prealloced_shrinker(&s->s_shrink); /* no delays needed */ destroy_super_work(&s->destroy_work); } /** * alloc_super - create new superblock * @type: filesystem type superblock should belong to * @flags: the mount flags * @user_ns: User namespace for the super_block * * Allocates and initializes a new &struct super_block. alloc_super() * returns a pointer new superblock or %NULL if allocation had failed. */ static struct super_block *alloc_super(struct file_system_type *type, int flags, struct user_namespace *user_ns) { struct super_block *s = kzalloc(sizeof(struct super_block), GFP_USER); static const struct super_operations default_op; int i; if (!s) return NULL; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&s->s_mounts); s->s_user_ns = get_user_ns(user_ns); init_rwsem(&s->s_umount); lockdep_set_class(&s->s_umount, &type->s_umount_key); /* * sget() can have s_umount recursion. * * When it cannot find a suitable sb, it allocates a new * one (this one), and tries again to find a suitable old * one. * * In case that succeeds, it will acquire the s_umount * lock of the old one. Since these are clearly distrinct * locks, and this object isn't exposed yet, there's no * risk of deadlocks. * * Annotate this by putting this lock in a different * subclass. */ down_write_nested(&s->s_umount, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); if (security_sb_alloc(s)) goto fail; for (i = 0; i < SB_FREEZE_LEVELS; i++) { if (__percpu_init_rwsem(&s->s_writers.rw_sem[i], sb_writers_name[i], &type->s_writers_key[i])) goto fail; } init_waitqueue_head(&s->s_writers.wait_unfrozen); s->s_bdi = &noop_backing_dev_info; s->s_flags = flags; if (s->s_user_ns != &init_user_ns) s->s_iflags |= SB_I_NODEV; INIT_HLIST_NODE(&s->s_instances); INIT_HLIST_BL_HEAD(&s->s_roots); mutex_init(&s->s_sync_lock); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&s->s_inodes); spin_lock_init(&s->s_inode_list_lock); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&s->s_inodes_wb); spin_lock_init(&s->s_inode_wblist_lock); s->s_count = 1; atomic_set(&s->s_active, 1); mutex_init(&s->s_vfs_rename_mutex); lockdep_set_class(&s->s_vfs_rename_mutex, &type->s_vfs_rename_key); init_rwsem(&s->s_dquot.dqio_sem); s->s_maxbytes = MAX_NON_LFS; s->s_op = &default_op; s->s_time_gran = 1000000000; s->s_time_min = TIME64_MIN; s->s_time_max = TIME64_MAX; s->cleancache_poolid = CLEANCACHE_NO_POOL; s->s_shrink.seeks = DEFAULT_SEEKS; s->s_shrink.scan_objects = super_cache_scan; s->s_shrink.count_objects = super_cache_count; s->s_shrink.batch = 1024; s->s_shrink.flags = SHRINKER_NUMA_AWARE | SHRINKER_MEMCG_AWARE; if (prealloc_shrinker(&s->s_shrink)) goto fail; if (list_lru_init_memcg(&s->s_dentry_lru, &s->s_shrink)) goto fail; if (list_lru_init_memcg(&s->s_inode_lru, &s->s_shrink)) goto fail; return s; fail: destroy_unused_super(s); return NULL; } /* Superblock refcounting */ /* * Drop a superblock's refcount. The caller must hold sb_lock. */ static void __put_super(struct super_block *s) { if (!--s->s_count) { list_del_init(&s->s_list); WARN_ON(s->s_dentry_lru.node); WARN_ON(s->s_inode_lru.node); WARN_ON(!list_empty(&s->s_mounts)); security_sb_free(s); fscrypt_sb_free(s); put_user_ns(s->s_user_ns); kfree(s->s_subtype); call_rcu(&s->rcu, destroy_super_rcu); } } /** * put_super - drop a temporary reference to superblock * @sb: superblock in question * * Drops a temporary reference, frees superblock if there's no * references left. */ static void put_super(struct super_block *sb) { spin_lock(&sb_lock); __put_super(sb); spin_unlock(&sb_lock); } /** * deactivate_locked_super - drop an active reference to superblock * @s: superblock to deactivate * * Drops an active reference to superblock, converting it into a temporary * one if there is no other active references left. In that case we * tell fs driver to shut it down and drop the temporary reference we * had just acquired. * * Caller holds exclusive lock on superblock; that lock is released. */ void deactivate_locked_super(struct super_block *s) { struct file_system_type *fs = s->s_type; if (atomic_dec_and_test(&s->s_active)) { cleancache_invalidate_fs(s); unregister_shrinker(&s->s_shrink); fs->kill_sb(s); /* * Since list_lru_destroy() may sleep, we cannot call it from * put_super(), where we hold the sb_lock. Therefore we destroy * the lru lists right now. */ list_lru_destroy(&s->s_dentry_lru); list_lru_destroy(&s->s_inode_lru); put_filesystem(fs); put_super(s); } else { up_write(&s->s_umount); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(deactivate_locked_super); /** * deactivate_super - drop an active reference to superblock * @s: superblock to deactivate * * Variant of deactivate_locked_super(), except that superblock is *not* * locked by caller. If we are going to drop the final active reference, * lock will be acquired prior to that. */ void deactivate_super(struct super_block *s) { if (!atomic_add_unless(&s->s_active, -1, 1)) { down_write(&s->s_umount); deactivate_locked_super(s); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(deactivate_super); /** * grab_super - acquire an active reference * @s: reference we are trying to make active * * Tries to acquire an active reference. grab_super() is used when we * had just found a superblock in super_blocks or fs_type->fs_supers * and want to turn it into a full-blown active reference. grab_super() * is called with sb_lock held and drops it. Returns 1 in case of * success, 0 if we had failed (superblock contents was already dead or * dying when grab_super() had been called). Note that this is only * called for superblocks not in rundown mode (== ones still on ->fs_supers * of their type), so increment of ->s_count is OK here. */ static int grab_super(struct super_block *s) __releases(sb_lock) { s->s_count++; spin_unlock(&sb_lock); down_write(&s->s_umount); if ((s->s_flags & SB_BORN) && atomic_inc_not_zero(&s->s_active)) { put_super(s); return 1; } up_write(&s->s_umount); put_super(s); return 0; } /* * trylock_super - try to grab ->s_umount shared * @sb: reference we are trying to grab * * Try to prevent fs shutdown. This is used in places where we * cannot take an active reference but we need to ensure that the * filesystem is not shut down while we are working on it. It returns * false if we cannot acquire s_umount or if we lose the race and * filesystem already got into shutdown, and returns true with the s_umount * lock held in read mode in case of success. On successful return, * the caller must drop the s_umount lock when done. * * Note that unlike get_super() et.al. this one does *not* bump ->s_count. * The reason why it's safe is that we are OK with doing trylock instead * of down_read(). There's a couple of places that are OK with that, but * it's very much not a general-purpose interface. */ bool trylock_super(struct super_block *sb) { if (down_read_trylock(&sb->s_umount)) { if (!hlist_unhashed(&sb->s_instances) && sb->s_root && (sb->s_flags & SB_BORN)) return true; up_read(&sb->s_umount); } return false; } /** * generic_shutdown_super - common helper for ->kill_sb() * @sb: superblock to kill * * generic_shutdown_super() does all fs-independent work on superblock * shutdown. Typical ->kill_sb() should pick all fs-specific objects * that need destruction out of superblock, call generic_shutdown_super() * and release aforementioned objects. Note: dentries and inodes _are_ * taken care of and do not need specific handling. * * Upon calling this function, the filesystem may no longer alter or * rearrange the set of dentries belonging to this super_block, nor may it * change the attachments of dentries to inodes. */ void generic_shutdown_super(struct super_block *sb) { const struct super_operations *sop = sb->s_op; if (sb->s_root) { shrink_dcache_for_umount(sb); sync_filesystem(sb); sb->s_flags &= ~SB_ACTIVE; cgroup_writeback_umount(); /* evict all inodes with zero refcount */ evict_inodes(sb); /* only nonzero refcount inodes can have marks */ fsnotify_sb_delete(sb); if (sb->s_dio_done_wq) { destroy_workqueue(sb->s_dio_done_wq); sb->s_dio_done_wq = NULL; } if (sop->put_super) sop->put_super(sb); if (!list_empty(&sb->s_inodes)) { printk("VFS: Busy inodes after unmount of %s. " "Self-destruct in 5 seconds. Have a nice day...\n", sb->s_id); } } spin_lock(&sb_lock); /* should be initialized for __put_super_and_need_restart() */ hlist_del_init(&sb->s_instances); spin_unlock(&sb_lock); up_write(&sb->s_umount); if (sb->s_bdi != &noop_backing_dev_info) { bdi_put(sb->s_bdi); sb->s_bdi = &noop_backing_dev_info; } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_shutdown_super); bool mount_capable(struct fs_context *fc) { if (!(fc->fs_type->fs_flags & FS_USERNS_MOUNT)) return capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN); else return ns_capable(fc->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN); } /** * sget_fc - Find or create a superblock * @fc: Filesystem context. * @test: Comparison callback * @set: Setup callback * * Find or create a superblock using the parameters stored in the filesystem * context and the two callback functions. * * If an extant superblock is matched, then that will be returned with an * elevated reference count that the caller must transfer or discard. * * If no match is made, a new superblock will be allocated and basic * initialisation will be performed (s_type, s_fs_info and s_id will be set and * the set() callback will be invoked), the superblock will be published and it * will be returned in a partially constructed state with SB_BORN and SB_ACTIVE * as yet unset. */ struct super_block *sget_fc(struct fs_context *fc, int (*test)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *), int (*set)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *)) { struct super_block *s = NULL; struct super_block *old; struct user_namespace *user_ns = fc->global ? &init_user_ns : fc->user_ns; int err; retry: spin_lock(&sb_lock); if (test) { hlist_for_each_entry(old, &fc->fs_type->fs_supers, s_instances) { if (test(old, fc)) goto share_extant_sb; } } if (!s) { spin_unlock(&sb_lock); s = alloc_super(fc->fs_type, fc->sb_flags, user_ns); if (!s) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); goto retry; } s->s_fs_info = fc->s_fs_info; err = set(s, fc); if (err) { s->s_fs_info = NULL; spin_unlock(&sb_lock); destroy_unused_super(s); return ERR_PTR(err); } fc->s_fs_info = NULL; s->s_type = fc->fs_type; s->s_iflags |= fc->s_iflags; strlcpy(s->s_id, s->s_type->name, sizeof(s->s_id)); list_add_tail(&s->s_list, &super_blocks); hlist_add_head(&s->s_instances, &s->s_type->fs_supers); spin_unlock(&sb_lock); get_filesystem(s->s_type); register_shrinker_prepared(&s->s_shrink); return s; share_extant_sb: if (user_ns != old->s_user_ns) { spin_unlock(&sb_lock); destroy_unused_super(s); return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY); } if (!grab_super(old)) goto retry; destroy_unused_super(s); return old; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sget_fc); /** * sget - find or create a superblock * @type: filesystem type superblock should belong to * @test: comparison callback * @set: setup callback * @flags: mount flags * @data: argument to each of them */ struct super_block *sget(struct file_system_type *type, int (*test)(struct super_block *,void *), int (*set)(struct super_block *,void *), int flags, void *data) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = current_user_ns(); struct super_block *s = NULL; struct super_block *old; int err; /* We don't yet pass the user namespace of the parent * mount through to here so always use &init_user_ns * until that changes. */ if (flags & SB_SUBMOUNT) user_ns = &init_user_ns; retry: spin_lock(&sb_lock); if (test) { hlist_for_each_entry(old, &type->fs_supers, s_instances) { if (!test(old, data)) continue; if (user_ns != old->s_user_ns) { spin_unlock(&sb_lock); destroy_unused_super(s); return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY); } if (!grab_super(old)) goto retry; destroy_unused_super(s); return old; } } if (!s) { spin_unlock(&sb_lock); s = alloc_super(type, (flags & ~SB_SUBMOUNT), user_ns); if (!s) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); goto retry; } err = set(s, data); if (err) { spin_unlock(&sb_lock); destroy_unused_super(s); return ERR_PTR(err); } s->s_type = type; strlcpy(s->s_id, type->name, sizeof(s->s_id)); list_add_tail(&s->s_list, &super_blocks); hlist_add_head(&s->s_instances, &type->fs_supers); spin_unlock(&sb_lock); get_filesystem(type); register_shrinker_prepared(&s->s_shrink); return s; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(sget); void drop_super(struct super_block *sb) { up_read(&sb->s_umount); put_super(sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(drop_super); void drop_super_exclusive(struct super_block *sb) { up_write(&sb->s_umount); put_super(sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(drop_super_exclusive); static void __iterate_supers(void (*f)(struct super_block *)) { struct super_block *sb, *p = NULL; spin_lock(&sb_lock); list_for_each_entry(sb, &super_blocks, s_list) { if (hlist_unhashed(&sb->s_instances)) continue; sb->s_count++; spin_unlock(&sb_lock); f(sb); spin_lock(&sb_lock); if (p) __put_super(p); p = sb; } if (p) __put_super(p); spin_unlock(&sb_lock); } /** * iterate_supers - call function for all active superblocks * @f: function to call * @arg: argument to pass to it * * Scans the superblock list and calls given function, passing it * locked superblock and given argument. */ void iterate_supers(void (*f)(struct super_block *, void *), void *arg) { struct super_block *sb, *p = NULL; spin_lock(&sb_lock); list_for_each_entry(sb, &super_blocks, s_list) { if (hlist_unhashed(&sb->s_instances)) continue; sb->s_count++; spin_unlock(&sb_lock); down_read(&sb->s_umount); if (sb->s_root && (sb->s_flags & SB_BORN)) f(sb, arg); up_read(&sb->s_umount); spin_lock(&sb_lock); if (p) __put_super(p); p = sb; } if (p) __put_super(p); spin_unlock(&sb_lock); } /** * iterate_supers_type - call function for superblocks of given type * @type: fs type * @f: function to call * @arg: argument to pass to it * * Scans the superblock list and calls given function, passing it * locked superblock and given argument. */ void iterate_supers_type(struct file_system_type *type, void (*f)(struct super_block *, void *), void *arg) { struct super_block *sb, *p = NULL; spin_lock(&sb_lock); hlist_for_each_entry(sb, &type->fs_supers, s_instances) { sb->s_count++; spin_unlock(&sb_lock); down_read(&sb->s_umount); if (sb->s_root && (sb->s_flags & SB_BORN)) f(sb, arg); up_read(&sb->s_umount); spin_lock(&sb_lock); if (p) __put_super(p); p = sb; } if (p) __put_super(p); spin_unlock(&sb_lock); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(iterate_supers_type); static struct super_block *__get_super(struct block_device *bdev, bool excl) { struct super_block *sb; if (!bdev) return NULL; spin_lock(&sb_lock); rescan: list_for_each_entry(sb, &super_blocks, s_list) { if (hlist_unhashed(&sb->s_instances)) continue; if (sb->s_bdev == bdev) { sb->s_count++; spin_unlock(&sb_lock); if (!excl) down_read(&sb->s_umount); else down_write(&sb->s_umount); /* still alive? */ if (sb->s_root && (sb->s_flags & SB_BORN)) return sb; if (!excl) up_read(&sb->s_umount); else up_write(&sb->s_umount); /* nope, got unmounted */ spin_lock(&sb_lock); __put_super(sb); goto rescan; } } spin_unlock(&sb_lock); return NULL; } /** * get_super - get the superblock of a device * @bdev: device to get the superblock for * * Scans the superblock list and finds the superblock of the file system * mounted on the device given. %NULL is returned if no match is found. */ struct super_block *get_super(struct block_device *bdev) { return __get_super(bdev, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_super); static struct super_block *__get_super_thawed(struct block_device *bdev, bool excl) { while (1) { struct super_block *s = __get_super(bdev, excl); if (!s || s->s_writers.frozen == SB_UNFROZEN) return s; if (!excl) up_read(&s->s_umount); else up_write(&s->s_umount); wait_event(s->s_writers.wait_unfrozen, s->s_writers.frozen == SB_UNFROZEN); put_super(s); } } /** * get_super_thawed - get thawed superblock of a device * @bdev: device to get the superblock for * * Scans the superblock list and finds the superblock of the file system * mounted on the device. The superblock is returned once it is thawed * (or immediately if it was not frozen). %NULL is returned if no match * is found. */ struct super_block *get_super_thawed(struct block_device *bdev) { return __get_super_thawed(bdev, false); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_super_thawed); /** * get_super_exclusive_thawed - get thawed superblock of a device * @bdev: device to get the superblock for * * Scans the superblock list and finds the superblock of the file system * mounted on the device. The superblock is returned once it is thawed * (or immediately if it was not frozen) and s_umount semaphore is held * in exclusive mode. %NULL is returned if no match is found. */ struct super_block *get_super_exclusive_thawed(struct block_device *bdev) { return __get_super_thawed(bdev, true); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_super_exclusive_thawed); /** * get_active_super - get an active reference to the superblock of a device * @bdev: device to get the superblock for * * Scans the superblock list and finds the superblock of the file system * mounted on the device given. Returns the superblock with an active * reference or %NULL if none was found. */ struct super_block *get_active_super(struct block_device *bdev) { struct super_block *sb; if (!bdev) return NULL; restart: spin_lock(&sb_lock); list_for_each_entry(sb, &super_blocks, s_list) { if (hlist_unhashed(&sb->s_instances)) continue; if (sb->s_bdev == bdev) { if (!grab_super(sb)) goto restart; up_write(&sb->s_umount); return sb; } } spin_unlock(&sb_lock); return NULL; } struct super_block *user_get_super(dev_t dev) { struct super_block *sb; spin_lock(&sb_lock); rescan: list_for_each_entry(sb, &super_blocks, s_list) { if (hlist_unhashed(&sb->s_instances)) continue; if (sb->s_dev == dev) { sb->s_count++; spin_unlock(&sb_lock); down_read(&sb->s_umount); /* still alive? */ if (sb->s_root && (sb->s_flags & SB_BORN)) return sb; up_read(&sb->s_umount); /* nope, got unmounted */ spin_lock(&sb_lock); __put_super(sb); goto rescan; } } spin_unlock(&sb_lock); return NULL; } /** * reconfigure_super - asks filesystem to change superblock parameters * @fc: The superblock and configuration * * Alters the configuration parameters of a live superblock. */ int reconfigure_super(struct fs_context *fc) { struct super_block *sb = fc->root->d_sb; int retval; bool remount_ro = false; bool force = fc->sb_flags & SB_FORCE; if (fc->sb_flags_mask & ~MS_RMT_MASK) return -EINVAL; if (sb->s_writers.frozen != SB_UNFROZEN) return -EBUSY; retval = security_sb_remount(sb, fc->security); if (retval) return retval; if (fc->sb_flags_mask & SB_RDONLY) { #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK if (!(fc->sb_flags & SB_RDONLY) && bdev_read_only(sb->s_bdev)) return -EACCES; #endif remount_ro = (fc->sb_flags & SB_RDONLY) && !sb_rdonly(sb); } if (remount_ro) { if (!hlist_empty(&sb->s_pins)) { up_write(&sb->s_umount); group_pin_kill(&sb->s_pins); down_write(&sb->s_umount); if (!sb->s_root) return 0; if (sb->s_writers.frozen != SB_UNFROZEN) return -EBUSY; remount_ro = !sb_rdonly(sb); } } shrink_dcache_sb(sb); /* If we are reconfiguring to RDONLY and current sb is read/write, * make sure there are no files open for writing. */ if (remount_ro) { if (force) { sb->s_readonly_remount = 1; smp_wmb(); } else { retval = sb_prepare_remount_readonly(sb); if (retval) return retval; } } if (fc->ops->reconfigure) { retval = fc->ops->reconfigure(fc); if (retval) { if (!force) goto cancel_readonly; /* If forced remount, go ahead despite any errors */ WARN(1, "forced remount of a %s fs returned %i\n", sb->s_type->name, retval); } } WRITE_ONCE(sb->s_flags, ((sb->s_flags & ~fc->sb_flags_mask) | (fc->sb_flags & fc->sb_flags_mask))); /* Needs to be ordered wrt mnt_is_readonly() */ smp_wmb(); sb->s_readonly_remount = 0; /* * Some filesystems modify their metadata via some other path than the * bdev buffer cache (eg. use a private mapping, or directories in * pagecache, etc). Also file data modifications go via their own * mappings. So If we try to mount readonly then copy the filesystem * from bdev, we could get stale data, so invalidate it to give a best * effort at coherency. */ if (remount_ro && sb->s_bdev) invalidate_bdev(sb->s_bdev); return 0; cancel_readonly: sb->s_readonly_remount = 0; return retval; } static void do_emergency_remount_callback(struct super_block *sb) { down_write(&sb->s_umount); if (sb->s_root && sb->s_bdev && (sb->s_flags & SB_BORN) && !sb_rdonly(sb)) { struct fs_context *fc; fc = fs_context_for_reconfigure(sb->s_root, SB_RDONLY | SB_FORCE, SB_RDONLY); if (!IS_ERR(fc)) { if (parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, NULL) == 0) (void)reconfigure_super(fc); put_fs_context(fc); } } up_write(&sb->s_umount); } static void do_emergency_remount(struct work_struct *work) { __iterate_supers(do_emergency_remount_callback); kfree(work); printk("Emergency Remount complete\n"); } void emergency_remount(void) { struct work_struct *work; work = kmalloc(sizeof(*work), GFP_ATOMIC); if (work) { INIT_WORK(work, do_emergency_remount); schedule_work(work); } } static void do_thaw_all_callback(struct super_block *sb) { down_write(&sb->s_umount); if (sb->s_root && sb->s_flags & SB_BORN) { emergency_thaw_bdev(sb); thaw_super_locked(sb); } else { up_write(&sb->s_umount); } } static void do_thaw_all(struct work_struct *work) { __iterate_supers(do_thaw_all_callback); kfree(work); printk(KERN_WARNING "Emergency Thaw complete\n"); } /** * emergency_thaw_all -- forcibly thaw every frozen filesystem * * Used for emergency unfreeze of all filesystems via SysRq */ void emergency_thaw_all(void) { struct work_struct *work; work = kmalloc(sizeof(*work), GFP_ATOMIC); if (work) { INIT_WORK(work, do_thaw_all); schedule_work(work); } } static DEFINE_IDA(unnamed_dev_ida); /** * get_anon_bdev - Allocate a block device for filesystems which don't have one. * @p: Pointer to a dev_t. * * Filesystems which don't use real block devices can call this function * to allocate a virtual block device. * * Context: Any context. Frequently called while holding sb_lock. * Return: 0 on success, -EMFILE if there are no anonymous bdevs left * or -ENOMEM if memory allocation failed. */ int get_anon_bdev(dev_t *p) { int dev; /* * Many userspace utilities consider an FSID of 0 invalid. * Always return at least 1 from get_anon_bdev. */ dev = ida_alloc_range(&unnamed_dev_ida, 1, (1 << MINORBITS) - 1, GFP_ATOMIC); if (dev == -ENOSPC) dev = -EMFILE; if (dev < 0) return dev; *p = MKDEV(0, dev); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_anon_bdev); void free_anon_bdev(dev_t dev) { ida_free(&unnamed_dev_ida, MINOR(dev)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(free_anon_bdev); int set_anon_super(struct super_block *s, void *data) { return get_anon_bdev(&s->s_dev); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_anon_super); void kill_anon_super(struct super_block *sb) { dev_t dev = sb->s_dev; generic_shutdown_super(sb); free_anon_bdev(dev); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kill_anon_super); void kill_litter_super(struct super_block *sb) { if (sb->s_root) d_genocide(sb->s_root); kill_anon_super(sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kill_litter_super); int set_anon_super_fc(struct super_block *sb, struct fs_context *fc) { return set_anon_super(sb, NULL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_anon_super_fc); static int test_keyed_super(struct super_block *sb, struct fs_context *fc) { return sb->s_fs_info == fc->s_fs_info; } static int test_single_super(struct super_block *s, struct fs_context *fc) { return 1; } /** * vfs_get_super - Get a superblock with a search key set in s_fs_info. * @fc: The filesystem context holding the parameters * @keying: How to distinguish superblocks * @fill_super: Helper to initialise a new superblock * * Search for a superblock and create a new one if not found. The search * criterion is controlled by @keying. If the search fails, a new superblock * is created and @fill_super() is called to initialise it. * * @keying can take one of a number of values: * * (1) vfs_get_single_super - Only one superblock of this type may exist on the * system. This is typically used for special system filesystems. * * (2) vfs_get_keyed_super - Multiple superblocks may exist, but they must have * distinct keys (where the key is in s_fs_info). Searching for the same * key again will turn up the superblock for that key. * * (3) vfs_get_independent_super - Multiple superblocks may exist and are * unkeyed. Each call will get a new superblock. * * A permissions check is made by sget_fc() unless we're getting a superblock * for a kernel-internal mount or a submount. */ int vfs_get_super(struct fs_context *fc, enum vfs_get_super_keying keying, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *sb, struct fs_context *fc)) { int (*test)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *); struct super_block *sb; int err; switch (keying) { case vfs_get_single_super: case vfs_get_single_reconf_super: test = test_single_super; break; case vfs_get_keyed_super: test = test_keyed_super; break; case vfs_get_independent_super: test = NULL; break; default: BUG(); } sb = sget_fc(fc, test, set_anon_super_fc); if (IS_ERR(sb)) return PTR_ERR(sb); if (!sb->s_root) { err = fill_super(sb, fc); if (err) goto error; sb->s_flags |= SB_ACTIVE; fc->root = dget(sb->s_root); } else { fc->root = dget(sb->s_root); if (keying == vfs_get_single_reconf_super) { err = reconfigure_super(fc); if (err < 0) { dput(fc->root); fc->root = NULL; goto error; } } } return 0; error: deactivate_locked_super(sb); return err; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_get_super); int get_tree_nodev(struct fs_context *fc, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *sb, struct fs_context *fc)) { return vfs_get_super(fc, vfs_get_independent_super, fill_super); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_tree_nodev); int get_tree_single(struct fs_context *fc, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *sb, struct fs_context *fc)) { return vfs_get_super(fc, vfs_get_single_super, fill_super); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_tree_single); int get_tree_single_reconf(struct fs_context *fc, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *sb, struct fs_context *fc)) { return vfs_get_super(fc, vfs_get_single_reconf_super, fill_super); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_tree_single_reconf); int get_tree_keyed(struct fs_context *fc, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *sb, struct fs_context *fc), void *key) { fc->s_fs_info = key; return vfs_get_super(fc, vfs_get_keyed_super, fill_super); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_tree_keyed); #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK static int set_bdev_super(struct super_block *s, void *data) { s->s_bdev = data; s->s_dev = s->s_bdev->bd_dev; s->s_bdi = bdi_get(s->s_bdev->bd_bdi); if (blk_queue_stable_writes(s->s_bdev->bd_disk->queue)) s->s_iflags |= SB_I_STABLE_WRITES; return 0; } static int set_bdev_super_fc(struct super_block *s, struct fs_context *fc) { return set_bdev_super(s, fc->sget_key); } static int test_bdev_super_fc(struct super_block *s, struct fs_context *fc) { return s->s_bdev == fc->sget_key; } /** * get_tree_bdev - Get a superblock based on a single block device * @fc: The filesystem context holding the parameters * @fill_super: Helper to initialise a new superblock */ int get_tree_bdev(struct fs_context *fc, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, struct fs_context *)) { struct block_device *bdev; struct super_block *s; fmode_t mode = FMODE_READ | FMODE_EXCL; int error = 0; if (!(fc->sb_flags & SB_RDONLY)) mode |= FMODE_WRITE; if (!fc->source) return invalf(fc, "No source specified"); bdev = blkdev_get_by_path(fc->source, mode, fc->fs_type); if (IS_ERR(bdev)) { errorf(fc, "%s: Can't open blockdev", fc->source); return PTR_ERR(bdev); } /* Once the superblock is inserted into the list by sget_fc(), s_umount * will protect the lockfs code from trying to start a snapshot while * we are mounting */ mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex); if (bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count > 0) { mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex); warnf(fc, "%pg: Can't mount, blockdev is frozen", bdev); blkdev_put(bdev, mode); return -EBUSY; } fc->sb_flags |= SB_NOSEC; fc->sget_key = bdev; s = sget_fc(fc, test_bdev_super_fc, set_bdev_super_fc); mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex); if (IS_ERR(s)) { blkdev_put(bdev, mode); return PTR_ERR(s); } if (s->s_root) { /* Don't summarily change the RO/RW state. */ if ((fc->sb_flags ^ s->s_flags) & SB_RDONLY) { warnf(fc, "%pg: Can't mount, would change RO state", bdev); deactivate_locked_super(s); blkdev_put(bdev, mode); return -EBUSY; } /* * s_umount nests inside bd_mutex during * __invalidate_device(). blkdev_put() acquires * bd_mutex and can't be called under s_umount. Drop * s_umount temporarily. This is safe as we're * holding an active reference. */ up_write(&s->s_umount); blkdev_put(bdev, mode); down_write(&s->s_umount); } else { s->s_mode = mode; snprintf(s->s_id, sizeof(s->s_id), "%pg", bdev); sb_set_blocksize(s, block_size(bdev)); error = fill_super(s, fc); if (error) { deactivate_locked_super(s); return error; } s->s_flags |= SB_ACTIVE; bdev->bd_super = s; } BUG_ON(fc->root); fc->root = dget(s->s_root); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_tree_bdev); static int test_bdev_super(struct super_block *s, void *data) { return (void *)s->s_bdev == data; } struct dentry *mount_bdev(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)) { struct block_device *bdev; struct super_block *s; fmode_t mode = FMODE_READ | FMODE_EXCL; int error = 0; if (!(flags & SB_RDONLY)) mode |= FMODE_WRITE; bdev = blkdev_get_by_path(dev_name, mode, fs_type); if (IS_ERR(bdev)) return ERR_CAST(bdev); /* * once the super is inserted into the list by sget, s_umount * will protect the lockfs code from trying to start a snapshot * while we are mounting */ mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex); if (bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count > 0) { mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex); error = -EBUSY; goto error_bdev; } s = sget(fs_type, test_bdev_super, set_bdev_super, flags | SB_NOSEC, bdev); mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex); if (IS_ERR(s)) goto error_s; if (s->s_root) { if ((flags ^ s->s_flags) & SB_RDONLY) { deactivate_locked_super(s); error = -EBUSY; goto error_bdev; } /* * s_umount nests inside bd_mutex during * __invalidate_device(). blkdev_put() acquires * bd_mutex and can't be called under s_umount. Drop * s_umount temporarily. This is safe as we're * holding an active reference. */ up_write(&s->s_umount); blkdev_put(bdev, mode); down_write(&s->s_umount); } else { s->s_mode = mode; snprintf(s->s_id, sizeof(s->s_id), "%pg", bdev); sb_set_blocksize(s, block_size(bdev)); error = fill_super(s, data, flags & SB_SILENT ? 1 : 0); if (error) { deactivate_locked_super(s); goto error; } s->s_flags |= SB_ACTIVE; bdev->bd_super = s; } return dget(s->s_root); error_s: error = PTR_ERR(s); error_bdev: blkdev_put(bdev, mode); error: return ERR_PTR(error); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mount_bdev); void kill_block_super(struct super_block *sb) { struct block_device *bdev = sb->s_bdev; fmode_t mode = sb->s_mode; bdev->bd_super = NULL; generic_shutdown_super(sb); sync_blockdev(bdev); WARN_ON_ONCE(!(mode & FMODE_EXCL)); blkdev_put(bdev, mode | FMODE_EXCL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kill_block_super); #endif struct dentry *mount_nodev(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)) { int error; struct super_block *s = sget(fs_type, NULL, set_anon_super, flags, NULL); if (IS_ERR(s)) return ERR_CAST(s); error = fill_super(s, data, flags & SB_SILENT ? 1 : 0); if (error) { deactivate_locked_super(s); return ERR_PTR(error); } s->s_flags |= SB_ACTIVE; return dget(s->s_root); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mount_nodev); static int reconfigure_single(struct super_block *s, int flags, void *data) { struct fs_context *fc; int ret; /* The caller really need to be passing fc down into mount_single(), * then a chunk of this can be removed. [Bollocks -- AV] * Better yet, reconfiguration shouldn't happen, but rather the second * mount should be rejected if the parameters are not compatible. */ fc = fs_context_for_reconfigure(s->s_root, flags, MS_RMT_MASK); if (IS_ERR(fc)) return PTR_ERR(fc); ret = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, data); if (ret < 0) goto out; ret = reconfigure_super(fc); out: put_fs_context(fc); return ret; } static int compare_single(struct super_block *s, void *p) { return 1; } struct dentry *mount_single(struct file_system_type *fs_type, int flags, void *data, int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int)) { struct super_block *s; int error; s = sget(fs_type, compare_single, set_anon_super, flags, NULL); if (IS_ERR(s)) return ERR_CAST(s); if (!s->s_root) { error = fill_super(s, data, flags & SB_SILENT ? 1 : 0); if (!error) s->s_flags |= SB_ACTIVE; } else { error = reconfigure_single(s, flags, data); } if (unlikely(error)) { deactivate_locked_super(s); return ERR_PTR(error); } return dget(s->s_root); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mount_single); /** * vfs_get_tree - Get the mountable root * @fc: The superblock configuration context. * * The filesystem is invoked to get or create a superblock which can then later * be used for mounting. The filesystem places a pointer to the root to be * used for mounting in @fc->root. */ int vfs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fc) { struct super_block *sb; int error; if (fc->root) return -EBUSY; /* Get the mountable root in fc->root, with a ref on the root and a ref * on the superblock. */ error = fc->ops->get_tree(fc); if (error < 0) return error; if (!fc->root) { pr_err("Filesystem %s get_tree() didn't set fc->root\n", fc->fs_type->name); /* We don't know what the locking state of the superblock is - * if there is a superblock. */ BUG(); } sb = fc->root->d_sb; WARN_ON(!sb->s_bdi); /* * Write barrier is for super_cache_count(). We place it before setting * SB_BORN as the data dependency between the two functions is the * superblock structure contents that we just set up, not the SB_BORN * flag. */ smp_wmb(); sb->s_flags |= SB_BORN; error = security_sb_set_mnt_opts(sb, fc->security, 0, NULL); if (unlikely(error)) { fc_drop_locked(fc); return error; } /* * filesystems should never set s_maxbytes larger than MAX_LFS_FILESIZE * but s_maxbytes was an unsigned long long for many releases. Throw * this warning for a little while to try and catch filesystems that * violate this rule. */ WARN((sb->s_maxbytes < 0), "%s set sb->s_maxbytes to " "negative value (%lld)\n", fc->fs_type->name, sb->s_maxbytes); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_get_tree); /* * Setup private BDI for given superblock. It gets automatically cleaned up * in generic_shutdown_super(). */ int super_setup_bdi_name(struct super_block *sb, char *fmt, ...) { struct backing_dev_info *bdi; int err; va_list args; bdi = bdi_alloc(NUMA_NO_NODE); if (!bdi) return -ENOMEM; va_start(args, fmt); err = bdi_register_va(bdi, fmt, args); va_end(args); if (err) { bdi_put(bdi); return err; } WARN_ON(sb->s_bdi != &noop_backing_dev_info); sb->s_bdi = bdi; return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(super_setup_bdi_name); /* * Setup private BDI for given superblock. I gets automatically cleaned up * in generic_shutdown_super(). */ int super_setup_bdi(struct super_block *sb) { static atomic_long_t bdi_seq = ATOMIC_LONG_INIT(0); return super_setup_bdi_name(sb, "%.28s-%ld", sb->s_type->name, atomic_long_inc_return(&bdi_seq)); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(super_setup_bdi); /** * sb_wait_write - wait until all writers to given file system finish * @sb: the super for which we wait * @level: type of writers we wait for (normal vs page fault) * * This function waits until there are no writers of given type to given file * system. */ static void sb_wait_write(struct super_block *sb, int level) { percpu_down_write(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level-1); } /* * We are going to return to userspace and forget about these locks, the * ownership goes to the caller of thaw_super() which does unlock(). */ static void lockdep_sb_freeze_release(struct super_block *sb) { int level; for (level = SB_FREEZE_LEVELS - 1; level >= 0; level--) percpu_rwsem_release(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level, 0, _THIS_IP_); } /* * Tell lockdep we are holding these locks before we call ->unfreeze_fs(sb). */ static void lockdep_sb_freeze_acquire(struct super_block *sb) { int level; for (level = 0; level < SB_FREEZE_LEVELS; ++level) percpu_rwsem_acquire(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level, 0, _THIS_IP_); } static void sb_freeze_unlock(struct super_block *sb) { int level; for (level = SB_FREEZE_LEVELS - 1; level >= 0; level--) percpu_up_write(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level); } /** * freeze_super - lock the filesystem and force it into a consistent state * @sb: the super to lock * * Syncs the super to make sure the filesystem is consistent and calls the fs's * freeze_fs. Subsequent calls to this without first thawing the fs will return * -EBUSY. * * During this function, sb->s_writers.frozen goes through these values: * * SB_UNFROZEN: File system is normal, all writes progress as usual. * * SB_FREEZE_WRITE: The file system is in the process of being frozen. New * writes should be blocked, though page faults are still allowed. We wait for * all writes to complete and then proceed to the next stage. * * SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT: Freezing continues. Now also page faults are blocked * but internal fs threads can still modify the filesystem (although they * should not dirty new pages or inodes), writeback can run etc. After waiting * for all running page faults we sync the filesystem which will clean all * dirty pages and inodes (no new dirty pages or inodes can be created when * sync is running). * * SB_FREEZE_FS: The file system is frozen. Now all internal sources of fs * modification are blocked (e.g. XFS preallocation truncation on inode * reclaim). This is usually implemented by blocking new transactions for * filesystems that have them and need this additional guard. After all * internal writers are finished we call ->freeze_fs() to finish filesystem * freezing. Then we transition to SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE state. This state is * mostly auxiliary for filesystems to verify they do not modify frozen fs. * * sb->s_writers.frozen is protected by sb->s_umount. */ int freeze_super(struct super_block *sb) { int ret; atomic_inc(&sb->s_active); down_write(&sb->s_umount); if (sb->s_writers.frozen != SB_UNFROZEN) { deactivate_locked_super(sb); return -EBUSY; } if (!(sb->s_flags & SB_BORN)) { up_write(&sb->s_umount); return 0; /* sic - it's "nothing to do" */ } if (sb_rdonly(sb)) { /* Nothing to do really... */ sb->s_writers.frozen = SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE; up_write(&sb->s_umount); return 0; } sb->s_writers.frozen = SB_FREEZE_WRITE; /* Release s_umount to preserve sb_start_write -> s_umount ordering */ up_write(&sb->s_umount); sb_wait_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_WRITE); down_write(&sb->s_umount); /* Now we go and block page faults... */ sb->s_writers.frozen = SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT; sb_wait_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_PAGEFAULT); /* All writers are done so after syncing there won't be dirty data */ sync_filesystem(sb); /* Now wait for internal filesystem counter */ sb->s_writers.frozen = SB_FREEZE_FS; sb_wait_write(sb, SB_FREEZE_FS); if (sb->s_op->freeze_fs) { ret = sb->s_op->freeze_fs(sb); if (ret) { printk(KERN_ERR "VFS:Filesystem freeze failed\n"); sb->s_writers.frozen = SB_UNFROZEN; sb_freeze_unlock(sb); wake_up(&sb->s_writers.wait_unfrozen); deactivate_locked_super(sb); return ret; } } /* * For debugging purposes so that fs can warn if it sees write activity * when frozen is set to SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE, and for thaw_super(). */ sb->s_writers.frozen = SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE; lockdep_sb_freeze_release(sb); up_write(&sb->s_umount); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(freeze_super); /** * thaw_super -- unlock filesystem * @sb: the super to thaw * * Unlocks the filesystem and marks it writeable again after freeze_super(). */ static int thaw_super_locked(struct super_block *sb) { int error; if (sb->s_writers.frozen != SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE) { up_write(&sb->s_umount); return -EINVAL; } if (sb_rdonly(sb)) { sb->s_writers.frozen = SB_UNFROZEN; goto out; } lockdep_sb_freeze_acquire(sb); if (sb->s_op->unfreeze_fs) { error = sb->s_op->unfreeze_fs(sb); if (error) { printk(KERN_ERR "VFS:Filesystem thaw failed\n"); lockdep_sb_freeze_release(sb); up_write(&sb->s_umount); return error; } } sb->s_writers.frozen = SB_UNFROZEN; sb_freeze_unlock(sb); out: wake_up(&sb->s_writers.wait_unfrozen); deactivate_locked_super(sb); return 0; } int thaw_super(struct super_block *sb) { down_write(&sb->s_umount); return thaw_super_locked(sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(thaw_super);
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_POLL_H #define _LINUX_POLL_H #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <linux/ktime.h> #include <linux/wait.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/sysctl.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <uapi/linux/poll.h> #include <uapi/linux/eventpoll.h> extern struct ctl_table epoll_table[]; /* for sysctl */ /* ~832 bytes of stack space used max in sys_select/sys_poll before allocating additional memory. */ #ifdef __clang__ #define MAX_STACK_ALLOC 768 #else #define MAX_STACK_ALLOC 832 #endif #define FRONTEND_STACK_ALLOC 256 #define SELECT_STACK_ALLOC FRONTEND_STACK_ALLOC #define POLL_STACK_ALLOC FRONTEND_STACK_ALLOC #define WQUEUES_STACK_ALLOC (MAX_STACK_ALLOC - FRONTEND_STACK_ALLOC) #define N_INLINE_POLL_ENTRIES (WQUEUES_STACK_ALLOC / sizeof(struct poll_table_entry)) #define DEFAULT_POLLMASK (EPOLLIN | EPOLLOUT | EPOLLRDNORM | EPOLLWRNORM) struct poll_table_struct; /* * structures and helpers for f_op->poll implementations */ typedef void (*poll_queue_proc)(struct file *, wait_queue_head_t *, struct poll_table_struct *); /* * Do not touch the structure directly, use the access functions * poll_does_not_wait() and poll_requested_events() instead. */ typedef struct poll_table_struct { poll_queue_proc _qproc; __poll_t _key; } poll_table; static inline void poll_wait(struct file * filp, wait_queue_head_t * wait_address, poll_table *p) { if (p && p->_qproc && wait_address) p->_qproc(filp, wait_address, p); } /* * Return true if it is guaranteed that poll will not wait. This is the case * if the poll() of another file descriptor in the set got an event, so there * is no need for waiting. */ static inline bool poll_does_not_wait(const poll_table *p) { return p == NULL || p->_qproc == NULL; } /* * Return the set of events that the application wants to poll for. * This is useful for drivers that need to know whether a DMA transfer has * to be started implicitly on poll(). You typically only want to do that * if the application is actually polling for POLLIN and/or POLLOUT. */ static inline __poll_t poll_requested_events(const poll_table *p) { return p ? p->_key : ~(__poll_t)0; } static inline void init_poll_funcptr(poll_table *pt, poll_queue_proc qproc) { pt->_qproc = qproc; pt->_key = ~(__poll_t)0; /* all events enabled */ } static inline bool file_can_poll(struct file *file) { return file->f_op->poll; } static inline __poll_t vfs_poll(struct file *file, struct poll_table_struct *pt) { if (unlikely(!file->f_op->poll)) return DEFAULT_POLLMASK; return file->f_op->poll(file, pt); } struct poll_table_entry { struct file *filp; __poll_t key; wait_queue_entry_t wait; wait_queue_head_t *wait_address; }; /* * Structures and helpers for select/poll syscall */ struct poll_wqueues { poll_table pt; struct poll_table_page *table; struct task_struct *polling_task; int triggered; int error; int inline_index; struct poll_table_entry inline_entries[N_INLINE_POLL_ENTRIES]; }; extern void poll_initwait(struct poll_wqueues *pwq); extern void poll_freewait(struct poll_wqueues *pwq); extern u64 select_estimate_accuracy(struct timespec64 *tv); #define MAX_INT64_SECONDS (((s64)(~((u64)0)>>1)/HZ)-1) extern int core_sys_select(int n, fd_set __user *inp, fd_set __user *outp, fd_set __user *exp, struct timespec64 *end_time); extern int poll_select_set_timeout(struct timespec64 *to, time64_t sec, long nsec); #define __MAP(v, from, to) \ (from < to ? (v & from) * (to/from) : (v & from) / (from/to)) static inline __u16 mangle_poll(__poll_t val) { __u16 v = (__force __u16)val; #define M(X) __MAP(v, (__force __u16)EPOLL##X, POLL##X) return M(IN) | M(OUT) | M(PRI) | M(ERR) | M(NVAL) | M(RDNORM) | M(RDBAND) | M(WRNORM) | M(WRBAND) | M(HUP) | M(RDHUP) | M(MSG); #undef M } static inline __poll_t demangle_poll(u16 val) { #define M(X) (__force __poll_t)__MAP(val, POLL##X, (__force __u16)EPOLL##X) return M(IN) | M(OUT) | M(PRI) | M(ERR) | M(NVAL) | M(RDNORM) | M(RDBAND) | M(WRNORM) | M(WRBAND) | M(HUP) | M(RDHUP) | M(MSG); #undef M } #undef __MAP #endif /* _LINUX_POLL_H */
1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_PAGE_REF_H #define _LINUX_PAGE_REF_H #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/mm_types.h> #include <linux/page-flags.h> #include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h> DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_set); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod_and_test); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod_and_return); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_mod_unless); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_freeze); DECLARE_TRACEPOINT(page_ref_unfreeze); #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGE_REF /* * Ideally we would want to use the trace_<tracepoint>_enabled() helper * functions. But due to include header file issues, that is not * feasible. Instead we have to open code the static key functions. * * See trace_##name##_enabled(void) in include/linux/tracepoint.h */ #define page_ref_tracepoint_active(t) tracepoint_enabled(t) extern void __page_ref_set(struct page *page, int v); extern void __page_ref_mod(struct page *page, int v); extern void __page_ref_mod_and_test(struct page *page, int v, int ret); extern void __page_ref_mod_and_return(struct page *page, int v, int ret); extern void __page_ref_mod_unless(struct page *page, int v, int u); extern void __page_ref_freeze(struct page *page, int v, int ret); extern void __page_ref_unfreeze(struct page *page, int v); #else #define page_ref_tracepoint_active(t) false static inline void __page_ref_set(struct page *page, int v) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod(struct page *page, int v) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod_and_test(struct page *page, int v, int ret) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod_and_return(struct page *page, int v, int ret) { } static inline void __page_ref_mod_unless(struct page *page, int v, int u) { } static inline void __page_ref_freeze(struct page *page, int v, int ret) { } static inline void __page_ref_unfreeze(struct page *page, int v) { } #endif static inline int page_ref_count(struct page *page) { return atomic_read(&page->_refcount); } static inline int page_count(struct page *page) { return atomic_read(&compound_head(page)->_refcount); } static inline void set_page_count(struct page *page, int v) { atomic_set(&page->_refcount, v); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_set)) __page_ref_set(page, v); } /* * Setup the page count before being freed into the page allocator for * the first time (boot or memory hotplug) */ static inline void init_page_count(struct page *page) { set_page_count(page, 1); } static inline void page_ref_add(struct page *page, int nr) { atomic_add(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, nr); } static inline void page_ref_sub(struct page *page, int nr) { atomic_sub(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, -nr); } static inline int page_ref_sub_return(struct page *page, int nr) { int ret = atomic_sub_return(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_return)) __page_ref_mod_and_return(page, -nr, ret); return ret; } static inline void page_ref_inc(struct page *page) { atomic_inc(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, 1); } static inline void page_ref_dec(struct page *page) { atomic_dec(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod)) __page_ref_mod(page, -1); } static inline int page_ref_sub_and_test(struct page *page, int nr) { int ret = atomic_sub_and_test(nr, &page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_test)) __page_ref_mod_and_test(page, -nr, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_inc_return(struct page *page) { int ret = atomic_inc_return(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_return)) __page_ref_mod_and_return(page, 1, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_dec_and_test(struct page *page) { int ret = atomic_dec_and_test(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_test)) __page_ref_mod_and_test(page, -1, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_dec_return(struct page *page) { int ret = atomic_dec_return(&page->_refcount); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_and_return)) __page_ref_mod_and_return(page, -1, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_add_unless(struct page *page, int nr, int u) { int ret = atomic_add_unless(&page->_refcount, nr, u); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_mod_unless)) __page_ref_mod_unless(page, nr, ret); return ret; } static inline int page_ref_freeze(struct page *page, int count) { int ret = likely(atomic_cmpxchg(&page->_refcount, count, 0) == count); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_freeze)) __page_ref_freeze(page, count, ret); return ret; } static inline void page_ref_unfreeze(struct page *page, int count) { VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_count(page) != 0, page); VM_BUG_ON(count == 0); atomic_set_release(&page->_refcount, count); if (page_ref_tracepoint_active(page_ref_unfreeze)) __page_ref_unfreeze(page, count); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __LINUX_NETLINK_H #define __LINUX_NETLINK_H #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/skbuff.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <net/scm.h> #include <uapi/linux/netlink.h> struct net; static inline struct nlmsghdr *nlmsg_hdr(const struct sk_buff *skb) { return (struct nlmsghdr *)skb->data; } enum netlink_skb_flags { NETLINK_SKB_DST = 0x8, /* Dst set in sendto or sendmsg */ }; struct netlink_skb_parms { struct scm_creds creds; /* Skb credentials */ __u32 portid; __u32 dst_group; __u32 flags; struct sock *sk; bool nsid_is_set; int nsid; }; #define NETLINK_CB(skb) (*(struct netlink_skb_parms*)&((skb)->cb)) #define NETLINK_CREDS(skb) (&NETLINK_CB((skb)).creds) void netlink_table_grab(void); void netlink_table_ungrab(void); #define NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_RECV (1 << 0) #define NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_SEND (1 << 1) /* optional Netlink kernel configuration parameters */ struct netlink_kernel_cfg { unsigned int groups; unsigned int flags; void (*input)(struct sk_buff *skb); struct mutex *cb_mutex; int (*bind)(struct net *net, int group); void (*unbind)(struct net *net, int group); bool (*compare)(struct net *net, struct sock *sk); }; struct sock *__netlink_kernel_create(struct net *net, int unit, struct module *module, struct netlink_kernel_cfg *cfg); static inline struct sock * netlink_kernel_create(struct net *net, int unit, struct netlink_kernel_cfg *cfg) { return __netlink_kernel_create(net, unit, THIS_MODULE, cfg); } /* this can be increased when necessary - don't expose to userland */ #define NETLINK_MAX_COOKIE_LEN 20 /** * struct netlink_ext_ack - netlink extended ACK report struct * @_msg: message string to report - don't access directly, use * %NL_SET_ERR_MSG * @bad_attr: attribute with error * @policy: policy for a bad attribute * @cookie: cookie data to return to userspace (for success) * @cookie_len: actual cookie data length */ struct netlink_ext_ack { const char *_msg; const struct nlattr *bad_attr; const struct nla_policy *policy; u8 cookie[NETLINK_MAX_COOKIE_LEN]; u8 cookie_len; }; /* Always use this macro, this allows later putting the * message into a separate section or such for things * like translation or listing all possible messages. * Currently string formatting is not supported (due * to the lack of an output buffer.) */ #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, msg) do { \ static const char __msg[] = msg; \ struct netlink_ext_ack *__extack = (extack); \ \ if (__extack) \ __extack->_msg = __msg; \ } while (0) #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG_MOD(extack, msg) \ NL_SET_ERR_MSG((extack), KBUILD_MODNAME ": " msg) #define NL_SET_BAD_ATTR_POLICY(extack, attr, pol) do { \ if ((extack)) { \ (extack)->bad_attr = (attr); \ (extack)->policy = (pol); \ } \ } while (0) #define NL_SET_BAD_ATTR(extack, attr) NL_SET_BAD_ATTR_POLICY(extack, attr, NULL) #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR_POL(extack, attr, pol, msg) do { \ static const char __msg[] = msg; \ struct netlink_ext_ack *__extack = (extack); \ \ if (__extack) { \ __extack->_msg = __msg; \ __extack->bad_attr = (attr); \ __extack->policy = (pol); \ } \ } while (0) #define NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR(extack, attr, msg) \ NL_SET_ERR_MSG_ATTR_POL(extack, attr, NULL, msg) static inline void nl_set_extack_cookie_u64(struct netlink_ext_ack *extack, u64 cookie) { u64 __cookie = cookie; if (!extack) return; memcpy(extack->cookie, &__cookie, sizeof(__cookie)); extack->cookie_len = sizeof(__cookie); } static inline void nl_set_extack_cookie_u32(struct netlink_ext_ack *extack, u32 cookie) { u32 __cookie = cookie; if (!extack) return; memcpy(extack->cookie, &__cookie, sizeof(__cookie)); extack->cookie_len = sizeof(__cookie); } void netlink_kernel_release(struct sock *sk); int __netlink_change_ngroups(struct sock *sk, unsigned int groups); int netlink_change_ngroups(struct sock *sk, unsigned int groups); void __netlink_clear_multicast_users(struct sock *sk, unsigned int group); void netlink_ack(struct sk_buff *in_skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh, int err, const struct netlink_ext_ack *extack); int netlink_has_listeners(struct sock *sk, unsigned int group); bool netlink_strict_get_check(struct sk_buff *skb); int netlink_unicast(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 portid, int nonblock); int netlink_broadcast(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 portid, __u32 group, gfp_t allocation); int netlink_broadcast_filtered(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, __u32 portid, __u32 group, gfp_t allocation, int (*filter)(struct sock *dsk, struct sk_buff *skb, void *data), void *filter_data); int netlink_set_err(struct sock *ssk, __u32 portid, __u32 group, int code); int netlink_register_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); int netlink_unregister_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb); /* finegrained unicast helpers: */ struct sock *netlink_getsockbyfilp(struct file *filp); int netlink_attachskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, long *timeo, struct sock *ssk); void netlink_detachskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); int netlink_sendskb(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb); static inline struct sk_buff * netlink_skb_clone(struct sk_buff *skb, gfp_t gfp_mask) { struct sk_buff *nskb; nskb = skb_clone(skb, gfp_mask); if (!nskb) return NULL; /* This is a large skb, set destructor callback to release head */ if (is_vmalloc_addr(skb->head)) nskb->destructor = skb->destructor; return nskb; } /* * skb should fit one page. This choice is good for headerless malloc. * But we should limit to 8K so that userspace does not have to * use enormous buffer sizes on recvmsg() calls just to avoid * MSG_TRUNC when PAGE_SIZE is very large. */ #if PAGE_SIZE < 8192UL #define NLMSG_GOODSIZE SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD(PAGE_SIZE) #else #define NLMSG_GOODSIZE SKB_WITH_OVERHEAD(8192UL) #endif #define NLMSG_DEFAULT_SIZE (NLMSG_GOODSIZE - NLMSG_HDRLEN) struct netlink_callback { struct sk_buff *skb; const struct nlmsghdr *nlh; int (*dump)(struct sk_buff * skb, struct netlink_callback *cb); int (*done)(struct netlink_callback *cb); void *data; /* the module that dump function belong to */ struct module *module; struct netlink_ext_ack *extack; u16 family; u16 answer_flags; u32 min_dump_alloc; unsigned int prev_seq, seq; bool strict_check; union { u8 ctx[48]; /* args is deprecated. Cast a struct over ctx instead * for proper type safety. */ long args[6]; }; }; struct netlink_notify { struct net *net; u32 portid; int protocol; }; struct nlmsghdr * __nlmsg_put(struct sk_buff *skb, u32 portid, u32 seq, int type, int len, int flags); struct netlink_dump_control { int (*start)(struct netlink_callback *); int (*dump)(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *); int (*done)(struct netlink_callback *); void *data; struct module *module; u32 min_dump_alloc; }; int __netlink_dump_start(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct netlink_dump_control *control); static inline int netlink_dump_start(struct sock *ssk, struct sk_buff *skb, const struct nlmsghdr *nlh, struct netlink_dump_control *control) { if (!control->module) control->module = THIS_MODULE; return __netlink_dump_start(ssk, skb, nlh, control); } struct netlink_tap { struct net_device *dev; struct module *module; struct list_head list; }; int netlink_add_tap(struct netlink_tap *nt); int netlink_remove_tap(struct netlink_tap *nt); bool __netlink_ns_capable(const struct netlink_skb_parms *nsp, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap); bool netlink_ns_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, struct user_namespace *ns, int cap); bool netlink_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, int cap); bool netlink_net_capable(const struct sk_buff *skb, int cap); #endif /* __LINUX_NETLINK_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _LINUX_BYTEORDER_GENERIC_H #define _LINUX_BYTEORDER_GENERIC_H /* * linux/byteorder/generic.h * Generic Byte-reordering support * * The "... p" macros, like le64_to_cpup, can be used with pointers * to unaligned data, but there will be a performance penalty on * some architectures. Use get_unaligned for unaligned data. * * Francois-Rene Rideau <fare@tunes.org> 19970707 * gathered all the good ideas from all asm-foo/byteorder.h into one file, * cleaned them up. * I hope it is compliant with non-GCC compilers. * I decided to put __BYTEORDER_HAS_U64__ in byteorder.h, * because I wasn't sure it would be ok to put it in types.h * Upgraded it to 2.1.43 * Francois-Rene Rideau <fare@tunes.org> 19971012 * Upgraded it to 2.1.57 * to please Linus T., replaced huge #ifdef's between little/big endian * by nestedly #include'd files. * Francois-Rene Rideau <fare@tunes.org> 19971205 * Made it to 2.1.71; now a facelift: * Put files under include/linux/byteorder/ * Split swab from generic support. * * TODO: * = Regular kernel maintainers could also replace all these manual * byteswap macros that remain, disseminated among drivers, * after some grep or the sources... * = Linus might want to rename all these macros and files to fit his taste, * to fit his personal naming scheme. * = it seems that a few drivers would also appreciate * nybble swapping support... * = every architecture could add their byteswap macro in asm/byteorder.h * see how some architectures already do (i386, alpha, ppc, etc) * = cpu_to_beXX and beXX_to_cpu might some day need to be well * distinguished throughout the kernel. This is not the case currently, * since little endian, big endian, and pdp endian machines needn't it. * But this might be the case for, say, a port of Linux to 20/21 bit * architectures (and F21 Linux addict around?). */ /* * The following macros are to be defined by <asm/byteorder.h>: * * Conversion of long and short int between network and host format * ntohl(__u32 x) * ntohs(__u16 x) * htonl(__u32 x) * htons(__u16 x) * It seems that some programs (which? where? or perhaps a standard? POSIX?) * might like the above to be functions, not macros (why?). * if that's true, then detect them, and take measures. * Anyway, the measure is: define only ___ntohl as a macro instead, * and in a separate file, have * unsigned long inline ntohl(x){return ___ntohl(x);} * * The same for constant arguments * __constant_ntohl(__u32 x) * __constant_ntohs(__u16 x) * __constant_htonl(__u32 x) * __constant_htons(__u16 x) * * Conversion of XX-bit integers (16- 32- or 64-) * between native CPU format and little/big endian format * 64-bit stuff only defined for proper architectures * cpu_to_[bl]eXX(__uXX x) * [bl]eXX_to_cpu(__uXX x) * * The same, but takes a pointer to the value to convert * cpu_to_[bl]eXXp(__uXX x) * [bl]eXX_to_cpup(__uXX x) * * The same, but change in situ * cpu_to_[bl]eXXs(__uXX x) * [bl]eXX_to_cpus(__uXX x) * * See asm-foo/byteorder.h for examples of how to provide * architecture-optimized versions * */ #define cpu_to_le64 __cpu_to_le64 #define le64_to_cpu __le64_to_cpu #define cpu_to_le32 __cpu_to_le32 #define le32_to_cpu __le32_to_cpu #define cpu_to_le16 __cpu_to_le16 #define le16_to_cpu __le16_to_cpu #define cpu_to_be64 __cpu_to_be64 #define be64_to_cpu __be64_to_cpu #define cpu_to_be32 __cpu_to_be32 #define be32_to_cpu __be32_to_cpu #define cpu_to_be16 __cpu_to_be16 #define be16_to_cpu __be16_to_cpu #define cpu_to_le64p __cpu_to_le64p #define le64_to_cpup __le64_to_cpup #define cpu_to_le32p __cpu_to_le32p #define le32_to_cpup __le32_to_cpup #define cpu_to_le16p __cpu_to_le16p #define le16_to_cpup __le16_to_cpup #define cpu_to_be64p __cpu_to_be64p #define be64_to_cpup __be64_to_cpup #define cpu_to_be32p __cpu_to_be32p #define be32_to_cpup __be32_to_cpup #define cpu_to_be16p __cpu_to_be16p #define be16_to_cpup __be16_to_cpup #define cpu_to_le64s __cpu_to_le64s #define le64_to_cpus __le64_to_cpus #define cpu_to_le32s __cpu_to_le32s #define le32_to_cpus __le32_to_cpus #define cpu_to_le16s __cpu_to_le16s #define le16_to_cpus __le16_to_cpus #define cpu_to_be64s __cpu_to_be64s #define be64_to_cpus __be64_to_cpus #define cpu_to_be32s __cpu_to_be32s #define be32_to_cpus __be32_to_cpus #define cpu_to_be16s __cpu_to_be16s #define be16_to_cpus __be16_to_cpus /* * They have to be macros in order to do the constant folding * correctly - if the argument passed into a inline function * it is no longer constant according to gcc.. */ #undef ntohl #undef ntohs #undef htonl #undef htons #define ___htonl(x) __cpu_to_be32(x) #define ___htons(x) __cpu_to_be16(x) #define ___ntohl(x) __be32_to_cpu(x) #define ___ntohs(x) __be16_to_cpu(x) #define htonl(x) ___htonl(x) #define ntohl(x) ___ntohl(x) #define htons(x) ___htons(x) #define ntohs(x) ___ntohs(x) static inline void le16_add_cpu(__le16 *var, u16 val) { *var = cpu_to_le16(le16_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void le32_add_cpu(__le32 *var, u32 val) { *var = cpu_to_le32(le32_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void le64_add_cpu(__le64 *var, u64 val) { *var = cpu_to_le64(le64_to_cpu(*var) + val); } /* XXX: this stuff can be optimized */ static inline void le32_to_cpu_array(u32 *buf, unsigned int words) { while (words--) { __le32_to_cpus(buf); buf++; } } static inline void cpu_to_le32_array(u32 *buf, unsigned int words) { while (words--) { __cpu_to_le32s(buf); buf++; } } static inline void be16_add_cpu(__be16 *var, u16 val) { *var = cpu_to_be16(be16_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void be32_add_cpu(__be32 *var, u32 val) { *var = cpu_to_be32(be32_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void be64_add_cpu(__be64 *var, u64 val) { *var = cpu_to_be64(be64_to_cpu(*var) + val); } static inline void cpu_to_be32_array(__be32 *dst, const u32 *src, size_t len) { int i; for (i = 0; i < len; i++) dst[i] = cpu_to_be32(src[i]); } static inline void be32_to_cpu_array(u32 *dst, const __be32 *src, size_t len) { int i; for (i = 0; i < len; i++) dst[i] = be32_to_cpu(src[i]); } #endif /* _LINUX_BYTEORDER_GENERIC_H */
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3964 3965 3966 3967 3968 3969 3970 3971 3972 3973 3974 3975 3976 3977 3978 3979 3980 3981 3982 3983 3984 3985 3986 3987 3988 3989 3990 3991 3992 3993 3994 3995 3996 3997 3998 3999 4000 4001 4002 4003 4004 4005 4006 4007 4008 4009 4010 4011 4012 4013 4014 4015 4016 4017 4018 4019 4020 4021 4022 4023 4024 4025 4026 4027 4028 4029 4030 4031 4032 4033 4034 4035 4036 4037 4038 4039 4040 4041 4042 4043 4044 4045 4046 4047 4048 4049 4050 4051 4052 4053 4054 4055 4056 4057 4058 4059 4060 4061 4062 4063 4064 4065 4066 4067 4068 4069 4070 4071 4072 4073 4074 4075 4076 4077 4078 4079 4080 4081 4082 4083 4084 4085 4086 4087 4088 4089 4090 4091 4092 4093 4094 4095 4096 4097 4098 4099 4100 4101 4102 4103 4104 4105 4106 4107 4108 4109 4110 4111 4112 4113 4114 4115 4116 4117 4118 4119 4120 4121 4122 4123 4124 4125 4126 4127 4128 4129 4130 4131 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only /* * linux/fs/namespace.c * * (C) Copyright Al Viro 2000, 2001 * * Based on code from fs/super.c, copyright Linus Torvalds and others. * Heavily rewritten. */ #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/mnt_namespace.h> #include <linux/user_namespace.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/cred.h> #include <linux/idr.h> #include <linux/init.h> /* init_rootfs */ #include <linux/fs_struct.h> /* get_fs_root et.al. */ #include <linux/fsnotify.h> /* fsnotify_vfsmount_delete */ #include <linux/file.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/proc_ns.h> #include <linux/magic.h> #include <linux/memblock.h> #include <linux/task_work.h> #include <linux/sched/task.h> #include <uapi/linux/mount.h> #include <linux/fs_context.h> #include <linux/shmem_fs.h> #include "pnode.h" #include "internal.h" /* Maximum number of mounts in a mount namespace */ unsigned int sysctl_mount_max __read_mostly = 100000; static unsigned int m_hash_mask __read_mostly; static unsigned int m_hash_shift __read_mostly; static unsigned int mp_hash_mask __read_mostly; static unsigned int mp_hash_shift __read_mostly; static __initdata unsigned long mhash_entries; static int __init set_mhash_entries(char *str) { if (!str) return 0; mhash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0); return 1; } __setup("mhash_entries=", set_mhash_entries); static __initdata unsigned long mphash_entries; static int __init set_mphash_entries(char *str) { if (!str) return 0; mphash_entries = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0); return 1; } __setup("mphash_entries=", set_mphash_entries); static u64 event; static DEFINE_IDA(mnt_id_ida); static DEFINE_IDA(mnt_group_ida); static struct hlist_head *mount_hashtable __read_mostly; static struct hlist_head *mountpoint_hashtable __read_mostly; static struct kmem_cache *mnt_cache __read_mostly; static DECLARE_RWSEM(namespace_sem); static HLIST_HEAD(unmounted); /* protected by namespace_sem */ static LIST_HEAD(ex_mountpoints); /* protected by namespace_sem */ /* /sys/fs */ struct kobject *fs_kobj; EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fs_kobj); /* * vfsmount lock may be taken for read to prevent changes to the * vfsmount hash, ie. during mountpoint lookups or walking back * up the tree. * * It should be taken for write in all cases where the vfsmount * tree or hash is modified or when a vfsmount structure is modified. */ __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SEQLOCK(mount_lock); static inline struct hlist_head *m_hash(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { unsigned long tmp = ((unsigned long)mnt / L1_CACHE_BYTES); tmp += ((unsigned long)dentry / L1_CACHE_BYTES); tmp = tmp + (tmp >> m_hash_shift); return &mount_hashtable[tmp & m_hash_mask]; } static inline struct hlist_head *mp_hash(struct dentry *dentry) { unsigned long tmp = ((unsigned long)dentry / L1_CACHE_BYTES); tmp = tmp + (tmp >> mp_hash_shift); return &mountpoint_hashtable[tmp & mp_hash_mask]; } static int mnt_alloc_id(struct mount *mnt) { int res = ida_alloc(&mnt_id_ida, GFP_KERNEL); if (res < 0) return res; mnt->mnt_id = res; return 0; } static void mnt_free_id(struct mount *mnt) { ida_free(&mnt_id_ida, mnt->mnt_id); } /* * Allocate a new peer group ID */ static int mnt_alloc_group_id(struct mount *mnt) { int res = ida_alloc_min(&mnt_group_ida, 1, GFP_KERNEL); if (res < 0) return res; mnt->mnt_group_id = res; return 0; } /* * Release a peer group ID */ void mnt_release_group_id(struct mount *mnt) { ida_free(&mnt_group_ida, mnt->mnt_group_id); mnt->mnt_group_id = 0; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for read */ static inline void mnt_add_count(struct mount *mnt, int n) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP this_cpu_add(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_count, n); #else preempt_disable(); mnt->mnt_count += n; preempt_enable(); #endif } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ int mnt_get_count(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP int count = 0; int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { count += per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_pcp, cpu)->mnt_count; } return count; #else return mnt->mnt_count; #endif } static struct mount *alloc_vfsmnt(const char *name) { struct mount *mnt = kmem_cache_zalloc(mnt_cache, GFP_KERNEL); if (mnt) { int err; err = mnt_alloc_id(mnt); if (err) goto out_free_cache; if (name) { mnt->mnt_devname = kstrdup_const(name, GFP_KERNEL); if (!mnt->mnt_devname) goto out_free_id; } #ifdef CONFIG_SMP mnt->mnt_pcp = alloc_percpu(struct mnt_pcp); if (!mnt->mnt_pcp) goto out_free_devname; this_cpu_add(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_count, 1); #else mnt->mnt_count = 1; mnt->mnt_writers = 0; #endif INIT_HLIST_NODE(&mnt->mnt_hash); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_child); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_mounts); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_expire); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_share); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_slave_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_slave); INIT_HLIST_NODE(&mnt->mnt_mp_list); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_umounting); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_stuck_children); } return mnt; #ifdef CONFIG_SMP out_free_devname: kfree_const(mnt->mnt_devname); #endif out_free_id: mnt_free_id(mnt); out_free_cache: kmem_cache_free(mnt_cache, mnt); return NULL; } /* * Most r/o checks on a fs are for operations that take * discrete amounts of time, like a write() or unlink(). * We must keep track of when those operations start * (for permission checks) and when they end, so that * we can determine when writes are able to occur to * a filesystem. */ /* * __mnt_is_readonly: check whether a mount is read-only * @mnt: the mount to check for its write status * * This shouldn't be used directly ouside of the VFS. * It does not guarantee that the filesystem will stay * r/w, just that it is right *now*. This can not and * should not be used in place of IS_RDONLY(inode). * mnt_want/drop_write() will _keep_ the filesystem * r/w. */ bool __mnt_is_readonly(struct vfsmount *mnt) { return (mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY) || sb_rdonly(mnt->mnt_sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mnt_is_readonly); static inline void mnt_inc_writers(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP this_cpu_inc(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_writers); #else mnt->mnt_writers++; #endif } static inline void mnt_dec_writers(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP this_cpu_dec(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_writers); #else mnt->mnt_writers--; #endif } static unsigned int mnt_get_writers(struct mount *mnt) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP unsigned int count = 0; int cpu; for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) { count += per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_pcp, cpu)->mnt_writers; } return count; #else return mnt->mnt_writers; #endif } static int mnt_is_readonly(struct vfsmount *mnt) { if (mnt->mnt_sb->s_readonly_remount) return 1; /* Order wrt setting s_flags/s_readonly_remount in do_remount() */ smp_rmb(); return __mnt_is_readonly(mnt); } /* * Most r/o & frozen checks on a fs are for operations that take discrete * amounts of time, like a write() or unlink(). We must keep track of when * those operations start (for permission checks) and when they end, so that we * can determine when writes are able to occur to a filesystem. */ /** * __mnt_want_write - get write access to a mount without freeze protection * @m: the mount on which to take a write * * This tells the low-level filesystem that a write is about to be performed to * it, and makes sure that writes are allowed (mnt it read-write) before * returning success. This operation does not protect against filesystem being * frozen. When the write operation is finished, __mnt_drop_write() must be * called. This is effectively a refcount. */ int __mnt_want_write(struct vfsmount *m) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m); int ret = 0; preempt_disable(); mnt_inc_writers(mnt); /* * The store to mnt_inc_writers must be visible before we pass * MNT_WRITE_HOLD loop below, so that the slowpath can see our * incremented count after it has set MNT_WRITE_HOLD. */ smp_mb(); while (READ_ONCE(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags) & MNT_WRITE_HOLD) cpu_relax(); /* * After the slowpath clears MNT_WRITE_HOLD, mnt_is_readonly will * be set to match its requirements. So we must not load that until * MNT_WRITE_HOLD is cleared. */ smp_rmb(); if (mnt_is_readonly(m)) { mnt_dec_writers(mnt); ret = -EROFS; } preempt_enable(); return ret; } /** * mnt_want_write - get write access to a mount * @m: the mount on which to take a write * * This tells the low-level filesystem that a write is about to be performed to * it, and makes sure that writes are allowed (mount is read-write, filesystem * is not frozen) before returning success. When the write operation is * finished, mnt_drop_write() must be called. This is effectively a refcount. */ int mnt_want_write(struct vfsmount *m) { int ret; sb_start_write(m->mnt_sb); ret = __mnt_want_write(m); if (ret) sb_end_write(m->mnt_sb); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_want_write); /** * mnt_clone_write - get write access to a mount * @mnt: the mount on which to take a write * * This is effectively like mnt_want_write, except * it must only be used to take an extra write reference * on a mountpoint that we already know has a write reference * on it. This allows some optimisation. * * After finished, mnt_drop_write must be called as usual to * drop the reference. */ int mnt_clone_write(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* superblock may be r/o */ if (__mnt_is_readonly(mnt)) return -EROFS; preempt_disable(); mnt_inc_writers(real_mount(mnt)); preempt_enable(); return 0; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_clone_write); /** * __mnt_want_write_file - get write access to a file's mount * @file: the file who's mount on which to take a write * * This is like __mnt_want_write, but it takes a file and can * do some optimisations if the file is open for write already */ int __mnt_want_write_file(struct file *file) { if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITER)) return __mnt_want_write(file->f_path.mnt); else return mnt_clone_write(file->f_path.mnt); } /** * mnt_want_write_file - get write access to a file's mount * @file: the file who's mount on which to take a write * * This is like mnt_want_write, but it takes a file and can * do some optimisations if the file is open for write already */ int mnt_want_write_file(struct file *file) { int ret; sb_start_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); ret = __mnt_want_write_file(file); if (ret) sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_want_write_file); /** * __mnt_drop_write - give up write access to a mount * @mnt: the mount on which to give up write access * * Tells the low-level filesystem that we are done * performing writes to it. Must be matched with * __mnt_want_write() call above. */ void __mnt_drop_write(struct vfsmount *mnt) { preempt_disable(); mnt_dec_writers(real_mount(mnt)); preempt_enable(); } /** * mnt_drop_write - give up write access to a mount * @mnt: the mount on which to give up write access * * Tells the low-level filesystem that we are done performing writes to it and * also allows filesystem to be frozen again. Must be matched with * mnt_want_write() call above. */ void mnt_drop_write(struct vfsmount *mnt) { __mnt_drop_write(mnt); sb_end_write(mnt->mnt_sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mnt_drop_write); void __mnt_drop_write_file(struct file *file) { __mnt_drop_write(file->f_path.mnt); } void mnt_drop_write_file(struct file *file) { __mnt_drop_write_file(file); sb_end_write(file_inode(file)->i_sb); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mnt_drop_write_file); static int mnt_make_readonly(struct mount *mnt) { int ret = 0; lock_mount_hash(); mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_WRITE_HOLD; /* * After storing MNT_WRITE_HOLD, we'll read the counters. This store * should be visible before we do. */ smp_mb(); /* * With writers on hold, if this value is zero, then there are * definitely no active writers (although held writers may subsequently * increment the count, they'll have to wait, and decrement it after * seeing MNT_READONLY). * * It is OK to have counter incremented on one CPU and decremented on * another: the sum will add up correctly. The danger would be when we * sum up each counter, if we read a counter before it is incremented, * but then read another CPU's count which it has been subsequently * decremented from -- we would see more decrements than we should. * MNT_WRITE_HOLD protects against this scenario, because * mnt_want_write first increments count, then smp_mb, then spins on * MNT_WRITE_HOLD, so it can't be decremented by another CPU while * we're counting up here. */ if (mnt_get_writers(mnt) > 0) ret = -EBUSY; else mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY; /* * MNT_READONLY must become visible before ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD, so writers * that become unheld will see MNT_READONLY. */ smp_wmb(); mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD; unlock_mount_hash(); return ret; } static int __mnt_unmake_readonly(struct mount *mnt) { lock_mount_hash(); mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_READONLY; unlock_mount_hash(); return 0; } int sb_prepare_remount_readonly(struct super_block *sb) { struct mount *mnt; int err = 0; /* Racy optimization. Recheck the counter under MNT_WRITE_HOLD */ if (atomic_long_read(&sb->s_remove_count)) return -EBUSY; lock_mount_hash(); list_for_each_entry(mnt, &sb->s_mounts, mnt_instance) { if (!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY)) { mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_WRITE_HOLD; smp_mb(); if (mnt_get_writers(mnt) > 0) { err = -EBUSY; break; } } } if (!err && atomic_long_read(&sb->s_remove_count)) err = -EBUSY; if (!err) { sb->s_readonly_remount = 1; smp_wmb(); } list_for_each_entry(mnt, &sb->s_mounts, mnt_instance) { if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_WRITE_HOLD) mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_WRITE_HOLD; } unlock_mount_hash(); return err; } static void free_vfsmnt(struct mount *mnt) { kfree_const(mnt->mnt_devname); #ifdef CONFIG_SMP free_percpu(mnt->mnt_pcp); #endif kmem_cache_free(mnt_cache, mnt); } static void delayed_free_vfsmnt(struct rcu_head *head) { free_vfsmnt(container_of(head, struct mount, mnt_rcu)); } /* call under rcu_read_lock */ int __legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *bastard, unsigned seq) { struct mount *mnt; if (read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq)) return 1; if (bastard == NULL) return 0; mnt = real_mount(bastard); mnt_add_count(mnt, 1); smp_mb(); // see mntput_no_expire() if (likely(!read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq))) return 0; if (bastard->mnt_flags & MNT_SYNC_UMOUNT) { mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); return 1; } lock_mount_hash(); if (unlikely(bastard->mnt_flags & MNT_DOOMED)) { mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); unlock_mount_hash(); return 1; } unlock_mount_hash(); /* caller will mntput() */ return -1; } /* call under rcu_read_lock */ bool legitimize_mnt(struct vfsmount *bastard, unsigned seq) { int res = __legitimize_mnt(bastard, seq); if (likely(!res)) return true; if (unlikely(res < 0)) { rcu_read_unlock(); mntput(bastard); rcu_read_lock(); } return false; } /* * find the first mount at @dentry on vfsmount @mnt. * call under rcu_read_lock() */ struct mount *__lookup_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_head *head = m_hash(mnt, dentry); struct mount *p; hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, head, mnt_hash) if (&p->mnt_parent->mnt == mnt && p->mnt_mountpoint == dentry) return p; return NULL; } /* * lookup_mnt - Return the first child mount mounted at path * * "First" means first mounted chronologically. If you create the * following mounts: * * mount /dev/sda1 /mnt * mount /dev/sda2 /mnt * mount /dev/sda3 /mnt * * Then lookup_mnt() on the base /mnt dentry in the root mount will * return successively the root dentry and vfsmount of /dev/sda1, then * /dev/sda2, then /dev/sda3, then NULL. * * lookup_mnt takes a reference to the found vfsmount. */ struct vfsmount *lookup_mnt(const struct path *path) { struct mount *child_mnt; struct vfsmount *m; unsigned seq; rcu_read_lock(); do { seq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock); child_mnt = __lookup_mnt(path->mnt, path->dentry); m = child_mnt ? &child_mnt->mnt : NULL; } while (!legitimize_mnt(m, seq)); rcu_read_unlock(); return m; } static inline void lock_ns_list(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { spin_lock(&ns->ns_lock); } static inline void unlock_ns_list(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { spin_unlock(&ns->ns_lock); } static inline bool mnt_is_cursor(struct mount *mnt) { return mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_CURSOR; } /* * __is_local_mountpoint - Test to see if dentry is a mountpoint in the * current mount namespace. * * The common case is dentries are not mountpoints at all and that * test is handled inline. For the slow case when we are actually * dealing with a mountpoint of some kind, walk through all of the * mounts in the current mount namespace and test to see if the dentry * is a mountpoint. * * The mount_hashtable is not usable in the context because we * need to identify all mounts that may be in the current mount * namespace not just a mount that happens to have some specified * parent mount. */ bool __is_local_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { struct mnt_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns; struct mount *mnt; bool is_covered = false; down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_ns_list(ns); list_for_each_entry(mnt, &ns->list, mnt_list) { if (mnt_is_cursor(mnt)) continue; is_covered = (mnt->mnt_mountpoint == dentry); if (is_covered) break; } unlock_ns_list(ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); return is_covered; } static struct mountpoint *lookup_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { struct hlist_head *chain = mp_hash(dentry); struct mountpoint *mp; hlist_for_each_entry(mp, chain, m_hash) { if (mp->m_dentry == dentry) { mp->m_count++; return mp; } } return NULL; } static struct mountpoint *get_mountpoint(struct dentry *dentry) { struct mountpoint *mp, *new = NULL; int ret; if (d_mountpoint(dentry)) { /* might be worth a WARN_ON() */ if (d_unlinked(dentry)) return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); mountpoint: read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); mp = lookup_mountpoint(dentry); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); if (mp) goto done; } if (!new) new = kmalloc(sizeof(struct mountpoint), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); /* Exactly one processes may set d_mounted */ ret = d_set_mounted(dentry); /* Someone else set d_mounted? */ if (ret == -EBUSY) goto mountpoint; /* The dentry is not available as a mountpoint? */ mp = ERR_PTR(ret); if (ret) goto done; /* Add the new mountpoint to the hash table */ read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); new->m_dentry = dget(dentry); new->m_count = 1; hlist_add_head(&new->m_hash, mp_hash(dentry)); INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&new->m_list); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); mp = new; new = NULL; done: kfree(new); return mp; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held. Additionally, the caller is responsible * for serializing calls for given disposal list. */ static void __put_mountpoint(struct mountpoint *mp, struct list_head *list) { if (!--mp->m_count) { struct dentry *dentry = mp->m_dentry; BUG_ON(!hlist_empty(&mp->m_list)); spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock); dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_MOUNTED; spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock); dput_to_list(dentry, list); hlist_del(&mp->m_hash); kfree(mp); } } /* called with namespace_lock and vfsmount lock */ static void put_mountpoint(struct mountpoint *mp) { __put_mountpoint(mp, &ex_mountpoints); } static inline int check_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { return mnt->mnt_ns == current->nsproxy->mnt_ns; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void touch_mnt_namespace(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (ns) { ns->event = ++event; wake_up_interruptible(&ns->poll); } } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void __touch_mnt_namespace(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (ns && ns->event != event) { ns->event = event; wake_up_interruptible(&ns->poll); } } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static struct mountpoint *unhash_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { struct mountpoint *mp; mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root; list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_child); hlist_del_init_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash); hlist_del_init(&mnt->mnt_mp_list); mp = mnt->mnt_mp; mnt->mnt_mp = NULL; return mp; } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void umount_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { put_mountpoint(unhash_mnt(mnt)); } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ void mnt_set_mountpoint(struct mount *mnt, struct mountpoint *mp, struct mount *child_mnt) { mp->m_count++; mnt_add_count(mnt, 1); /* essentially, that's mntget */ child_mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mp->m_dentry; child_mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; child_mnt->mnt_mp = mp; hlist_add_head(&child_mnt->mnt_mp_list, &mp->m_list); } static void __attach_mnt(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *parent) { hlist_add_head_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash, m_hash(&parent->mnt, mnt->mnt_mountpoint)); list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_child, &parent->mnt_mounts); } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void attach_mnt(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *parent, struct mountpoint *mp) { mnt_set_mountpoint(parent, mp, mnt); __attach_mnt(mnt, parent); } void mnt_change_mountpoint(struct mount *parent, struct mountpoint *mp, struct mount *mnt) { struct mountpoint *old_mp = mnt->mnt_mp; struct mount *old_parent = mnt->mnt_parent; list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_child); hlist_del_init(&mnt->mnt_mp_list); hlist_del_init_rcu(&mnt->mnt_hash); attach_mnt(mnt, parent, mp); put_mountpoint(old_mp); mnt_add_count(old_parent, -1); } /* * vfsmount lock must be held for write */ static void commit_tree(struct mount *mnt) { struct mount *parent = mnt->mnt_parent; struct mount *m; LIST_HEAD(head); struct mnt_namespace *n = parent->mnt_ns; BUG_ON(parent == mnt); list_add_tail(&head, &mnt->mnt_list); list_for_each_entry(m, &head, mnt_list) m->mnt_ns = n; list_splice(&head, n->list.prev); n->mounts += n->pending_mounts; n->pending_mounts = 0; __attach_mnt(mnt, parent); touch_mnt_namespace(n); } static struct mount *next_mnt(struct mount *p, struct mount *root) { struct list_head *next = p->mnt_mounts.next; if (next == &p->mnt_mounts) { while (1) { if (p == root) return NULL; next = p->mnt_child.next; if (next != &p->mnt_parent->mnt_mounts) break; p = p->mnt_parent; } } return list_entry(next, struct mount, mnt_child); } static struct mount *skip_mnt_tree(struct mount *p) { struct list_head *prev = p->mnt_mounts.prev; while (prev != &p->mnt_mounts) { p = list_entry(prev, struct mount, mnt_child); prev = p->mnt_mounts.prev; } return p; } /** * vfs_create_mount - Create a mount for a configured superblock * @fc: The configuration context with the superblock attached * * Create a mount to an already configured superblock. If necessary, the * caller should invoke vfs_get_tree() before calling this. * * Note that this does not attach the mount to anything. */ struct vfsmount *vfs_create_mount(struct fs_context *fc) { struct mount *mnt; if (!fc->root) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); mnt = alloc_vfsmnt(fc->source ?: "none"); if (!mnt) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (fc->sb_flags & SB_KERNMOUNT) mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = MNT_INTERNAL; atomic_inc(&fc->root->d_sb->s_active); mnt->mnt.mnt_sb = fc->root->d_sb; mnt->mnt.mnt_root = dget(fc->root); mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root; mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; lock_mount_hash(); list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_instance, &mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_mounts); unlock_mount_hash(); return &mnt->mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfs_create_mount); struct vfsmount *fc_mount(struct fs_context *fc) { int err = vfs_get_tree(fc); if (!err) { up_write(&fc->root->d_sb->s_umount); return vfs_create_mount(fc); } return ERR_PTR(err); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(fc_mount); struct vfsmount *vfs_kern_mount(struct file_system_type *type, int flags, const char *name, void *data) { struct fs_context *fc; struct vfsmount *mnt; int ret = 0; if (!type) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); fc = fs_context_for_mount(type, flags); if (IS_ERR(fc)) return ERR_CAST(fc); if (name) ret = vfs_parse_fs_string(fc, "source", name, strlen(name)); if (!ret) ret = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, data); if (!ret) mnt = fc_mount(fc); else mnt = ERR_PTR(ret); put_fs_context(fc); return mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_kern_mount); struct vfsmount * vfs_submount(const struct dentry *mountpoint, struct file_system_type *type, const char *name, void *data) { /* Until it is worked out how to pass the user namespace * through from the parent mount to the submount don't support * unprivileged mounts with submounts. */ if (mountpoint->d_sb->s_user_ns != &init_user_ns) return ERR_PTR(-EPERM); return vfs_kern_mount(type, SB_SUBMOUNT, name, data); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_submount); static struct mount *clone_mnt(struct mount *old, struct dentry *root, int flag) { struct super_block *sb = old->mnt.mnt_sb; struct mount *mnt; int err; mnt = alloc_vfsmnt(old->mnt_devname); if (!mnt) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); if (flag & (CL_SLAVE | CL_PRIVATE | CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE)) mnt->mnt_group_id = 0; /* not a peer of original */ else mnt->mnt_group_id = old->mnt_group_id; if ((flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) && !mnt->mnt_group_id) { err = mnt_alloc_group_id(mnt); if (err) goto out_free; } mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = old->mnt.mnt_flags; mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~(MNT_WRITE_HOLD|MNT_MARKED|MNT_INTERNAL); atomic_inc(&sb->s_active); mnt->mnt.mnt_sb = sb; mnt->mnt.mnt_root = dget(root); mnt->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt.mnt_root; mnt->mnt_parent = mnt; lock_mount_hash(); list_add_tail(&mnt->mnt_instance, &sb->s_mounts); unlock_mount_hash(); if ((flag & CL_SLAVE) || ((flag & CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE) && IS_MNT_SHARED(old))) { list_add(&mnt->mnt_slave, &old->mnt_slave_list); mnt->mnt_master = old; CLEAR_MNT_SHARED(mnt); } else if (!(flag & CL_PRIVATE)) { if ((flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) || IS_MNT_SHARED(old)) list_add(&mnt->mnt_share, &old->mnt_share); if (IS_MNT_SLAVE(old)) list_add(&mnt->mnt_slave, &old->mnt_slave); mnt->mnt_master = old->mnt_master; } else { CLEAR_MNT_SHARED(mnt); } if (flag & CL_MAKE_SHARED) set_mnt_shared(mnt); /* stick the duplicate mount on the same expiry list * as the original if that was on one */ if (flag & CL_EXPIRE) { if (!list_empty(&old->mnt_expire)) list_add(&mnt->mnt_expire, &old->mnt_expire); } return mnt; out_free: mnt_free_id(mnt); free_vfsmnt(mnt); return ERR_PTR(err); } static void cleanup_mnt(struct mount *mnt) { struct hlist_node *p; struct mount *m; /* * The warning here probably indicates that somebody messed * up a mnt_want/drop_write() pair. If this happens, the * filesystem was probably unable to make r/w->r/o transitions. * The locking used to deal with mnt_count decrement provides barriers, * so mnt_get_writers() below is safe. */ WARN_ON(mnt_get_writers(mnt)); if (unlikely(mnt->mnt_pins.first)) mnt_pin_kill(mnt); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(m, p, &mnt->mnt_stuck_children, mnt_umount) { hlist_del(&m->mnt_umount); mntput(&m->mnt); } fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(&mnt->mnt); dput(mnt->mnt.mnt_root); deactivate_super(mnt->mnt.mnt_sb); mnt_free_id(mnt); call_rcu(&mnt->mnt_rcu, delayed_free_vfsmnt); } static void __cleanup_mnt(struct rcu_head *head) { cleanup_mnt(container_of(head, struct mount, mnt_rcu)); } static LLIST_HEAD(delayed_mntput_list); static void delayed_mntput(struct work_struct *unused) { struct llist_node *node = llist_del_all(&delayed_mntput_list); struct mount *m, *t; llist_for_each_entry_safe(m, t, node, mnt_llist) cleanup_mnt(m); } static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(delayed_mntput_work, delayed_mntput); static void mntput_no_expire(struct mount *mnt) { LIST_HEAD(list); int count; rcu_read_lock(); if (likely(READ_ONCE(mnt->mnt_ns))) { /* * Since we don't do lock_mount_hash() here, * ->mnt_ns can change under us. However, if it's * non-NULL, then there's a reference that won't * be dropped until after an RCU delay done after * turning ->mnt_ns NULL. So if we observe it * non-NULL under rcu_read_lock(), the reference * we are dropping is not the final one. */ mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); rcu_read_unlock(); return; } lock_mount_hash(); /* * make sure that if __legitimize_mnt() has not seen us grab * mount_lock, we'll see their refcount increment here. */ smp_mb(); mnt_add_count(mnt, -1); count = mnt_get_count(mnt); if (count != 0) { WARN_ON(count < 0); rcu_read_unlock(); unlock_mount_hash(); return; } if (unlikely(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_DOOMED)) { rcu_read_unlock(); unlock_mount_hash(); return; } mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_DOOMED; rcu_read_unlock(); list_del(&mnt->mnt_instance); if (unlikely(!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_mounts))) { struct mount *p, *tmp; list_for_each_entry_safe(p, tmp, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { __put_mountpoint(unhash_mnt(p), &list); hlist_add_head(&p->mnt_umount, &mnt->mnt_stuck_children); } } unlock_mount_hash(); shrink_dentry_list(&list); if (likely(!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_INTERNAL))) { struct task_struct *task = current; if (likely(!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))) { init_task_work(&mnt->mnt_rcu, __cleanup_mnt); if (!task_work_add(task, &mnt->mnt_rcu, TWA_RESUME)) return; } if (llist_add(&mnt->mnt_llist, &delayed_mntput_list)) schedule_delayed_work(&delayed_mntput_work, 1); return; } cleanup_mnt(mnt); } void mntput(struct vfsmount *mnt) { if (mnt) { struct mount *m = real_mount(mnt); /* avoid cacheline pingpong, hope gcc doesn't get "smart" */ if (unlikely(m->mnt_expiry_mark)) m->mnt_expiry_mark = 0; mntput_no_expire(m); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntput); struct vfsmount *mntget(struct vfsmount *mnt) { if (mnt) mnt_add_count(real_mount(mnt), 1); return mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntget); /* path_is_mountpoint() - Check if path is a mount in the current * namespace. * * d_mountpoint() can only be used reliably to establish if a dentry is * not mounted in any namespace and that common case is handled inline. * d_mountpoint() isn't aware of the possibility there may be multiple * mounts using a given dentry in a different namespace. This function * checks if the passed in path is a mountpoint rather than the dentry * alone. */ bool path_is_mountpoint(const struct path *path) { unsigned seq; bool res; if (!d_mountpoint(path->dentry)) return false; rcu_read_lock(); do { seq = read_seqbegin(&mount_lock); res = __path_is_mountpoint(path); } while (read_seqretry(&mount_lock, seq)); rcu_read_unlock(); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_is_mountpoint); struct vfsmount *mnt_clone_internal(const struct path *path) { struct mount *p; p = clone_mnt(real_mount(path->mnt), path->dentry, CL_PRIVATE); if (IS_ERR(p)) return ERR_CAST(p); p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_INTERNAL; return &p->mnt; } #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS static struct mount *mnt_list_next(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct list_head *p) { struct mount *mnt, *ret = NULL; lock_ns_list(ns); list_for_each_continue(p, &ns->list) { mnt = list_entry(p, typeof(*mnt), mnt_list); if (!mnt_is_cursor(mnt)) { ret = mnt; break; } } unlock_ns_list(ns); return ret; } /* iterator; we want it to have access to namespace_sem, thus here... */ static void *m_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct list_head *prev; down_read(&namespace_sem); if (!*pos) { prev = &p->ns->list; } else { prev = &p->cursor.mnt_list; /* Read after we'd reached the end? */ if (list_empty(prev)) return NULL; } return mnt_list_next(p->ns, prev); } static void *m_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct mount *mnt = v; ++*pos; return mnt_list_next(p->ns, &mnt->mnt_list); } static void m_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct mount *mnt = v; lock_ns_list(p->ns); if (mnt) list_move_tail(&p->cursor.mnt_list, &mnt->mnt_list); else list_del_init(&p->cursor.mnt_list); unlock_ns_list(p->ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); } static int m_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v) { struct proc_mounts *p = m->private; struct mount *r = v; return p->show(m, &r->mnt); } const struct seq_operations mounts_op = { .start = m_start, .next = m_next, .stop = m_stop, .show = m_show, }; void mnt_cursor_del(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *cursor) { down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_ns_list(ns); list_del(&cursor->mnt_list); unlock_ns_list(ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); } #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */ /** * may_umount_tree - check if a mount tree is busy * @mnt: root of mount tree * * This is called to check if a tree of mounts has any * open files, pwds, chroots or sub mounts that are * busy. */ int may_umount_tree(struct vfsmount *m) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m); int actual_refs = 0; int minimum_refs = 0; struct mount *p; BUG_ON(!m); /* write lock needed for mnt_get_count */ lock_mount_hash(); for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { actual_refs += mnt_get_count(p); minimum_refs += 2; } unlock_mount_hash(); if (actual_refs > minimum_refs) return 0; return 1; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(may_umount_tree); /** * may_umount - check if a mount point is busy * @mnt: root of mount * * This is called to check if a mount point has any * open files, pwds, chroots or sub mounts. If the * mount has sub mounts this will return busy * regardless of whether the sub mounts are busy. * * Doesn't take quota and stuff into account. IOW, in some cases it will * give false negatives. The main reason why it's here is that we need * a non-destructive way to look for easily umountable filesystems. */ int may_umount(struct vfsmount *mnt) { int ret = 1; down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_mount_hash(); if (propagate_mount_busy(real_mount(mnt), 2)) ret = 0; unlock_mount_hash(); up_read(&namespace_sem); return ret; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(may_umount); static void namespace_unlock(void) { struct hlist_head head; struct hlist_node *p; struct mount *m; LIST_HEAD(list); hlist_move_list(&unmounted, &head); list_splice_init(&ex_mountpoints, &list); up_write(&namespace_sem); shrink_dentry_list(&list); if (likely(hlist_empty(&head))) return; synchronize_rcu_expedited(); hlist_for_each_entry_safe(m, p, &head, mnt_umount) { hlist_del(&m->mnt_umount); mntput(&m->mnt); } } static inline void namespace_lock(void) { down_write(&namespace_sem); } enum umount_tree_flags { UMOUNT_SYNC = 1, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE = 2, UMOUNT_CONNECTED = 4, }; static bool disconnect_mount(struct mount *mnt, enum umount_tree_flags how) { /* Leaving mounts connected is only valid for lazy umounts */ if (how & UMOUNT_SYNC) return true; /* A mount without a parent has nothing to be connected to */ if (!mnt_has_parent(mnt)) return true; /* Because the reference counting rules change when mounts are * unmounted and connected, umounted mounts may not be * connected to mounted mounts. */ if (!(mnt->mnt_parent->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UMOUNT)) return true; /* Has it been requested that the mount remain connected? */ if (how & UMOUNT_CONNECTED) return false; /* Is the mount locked such that it needs to remain connected? */ if (IS_MNT_LOCKED(mnt)) return false; /* By default disconnect the mount */ return true; } /* * mount_lock must be held * namespace_sem must be held for write */ static void umount_tree(struct mount *mnt, enum umount_tree_flags how) { LIST_HEAD(tmp_list); struct mount *p; if (how & UMOUNT_PROPAGATE) propagate_mount_unlock(mnt); /* Gather the mounts to umount */ for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_UMOUNT; list_move(&p->mnt_list, &tmp_list); } /* Hide the mounts from mnt_mounts */ list_for_each_entry(p, &tmp_list, mnt_list) { list_del_init(&p->mnt_child); } /* Add propogated mounts to the tmp_list */ if (how & UMOUNT_PROPAGATE) propagate_umount(&tmp_list); while (!list_empty(&tmp_list)) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; bool disconnect; p = list_first_entry(&tmp_list, struct mount, mnt_list); list_del_init(&p->mnt_expire); list_del_init(&p->mnt_list); ns = p->mnt_ns; if (ns) { ns->mounts--; __touch_mnt_namespace(ns); } p->mnt_ns = NULL; if (how & UMOUNT_SYNC) p->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_SYNC_UMOUNT; disconnect = disconnect_mount(p, how); if (mnt_has_parent(p)) { mnt_add_count(p->mnt_parent, -1); if (!disconnect) { /* Don't forget about p */ list_add_tail(&p->mnt_child, &p->mnt_parent->mnt_mounts); } else { umount_mnt(p); } } change_mnt_propagation(p, MS_PRIVATE); if (disconnect) hlist_add_head(&p->mnt_umount, &unmounted); } } static void shrink_submounts(struct mount *mnt); static int do_umount_root(struct super_block *sb) { int ret = 0; down_write(&sb->s_umount); if (!sb_rdonly(sb)) { struct fs_context *fc; fc = fs_context_for_reconfigure(sb->s_root, SB_RDONLY, SB_RDONLY); if (IS_ERR(fc)) { ret = PTR_ERR(fc); } else { ret = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, NULL); if (!ret) ret = reconfigure_super(fc); put_fs_context(fc); } } up_write(&sb->s_umount); return ret; } static int do_umount(struct mount *mnt, int flags) { struct super_block *sb = mnt->mnt.mnt_sb; int retval; retval = security_sb_umount(&mnt->mnt, flags); if (retval) return retval; /* * Allow userspace to request a mountpoint be expired rather than * unmounting unconditionally. Unmount only happens if: * (1) the mark is already set (the mark is cleared by mntput()) * (2) the usage count == 1 [parent vfsmount] + 1 [sys_umount] */ if (flags & MNT_EXPIRE) { if (&mnt->mnt == current->fs->root.mnt || flags & (MNT_FORCE | MNT_DETACH)) return -EINVAL; /* * probably don't strictly need the lock here if we examined * all race cases, but it's a slowpath. */ lock_mount_hash(); if (mnt_get_count(mnt) != 2) { unlock_mount_hash(); return -EBUSY; } unlock_mount_hash(); if (!xchg(&mnt->mnt_expiry_mark, 1)) return -EAGAIN; } /* * If we may have to abort operations to get out of this * mount, and they will themselves hold resources we must * allow the fs to do things. In the Unix tradition of * 'Gee thats tricky lets do it in userspace' the umount_begin * might fail to complete on the first run through as other tasks * must return, and the like. Thats for the mount program to worry * about for the moment. */ if (flags & MNT_FORCE && sb->s_op->umount_begin) { sb->s_op->umount_begin(sb); } /* * No sense to grab the lock for this test, but test itself looks * somewhat bogus. Suggestions for better replacement? * Ho-hum... In principle, we might treat that as umount + switch * to rootfs. GC would eventually take care of the old vfsmount. * Actually it makes sense, especially if rootfs would contain a * /reboot - static binary that would close all descriptors and * call reboot(9). Then init(8) could umount root and exec /reboot. */ if (&mnt->mnt == current->fs->root.mnt && !(flags & MNT_DETACH)) { /* * Special case for "unmounting" root ... * we just try to remount it readonly. */ if (!ns_capable(sb->s_user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; return do_umount_root(sb); } namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); /* Recheck MNT_LOCKED with the locks held */ retval = -EINVAL; if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) goto out; event++; if (flags & MNT_DETACH) { if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_list)) umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE); retval = 0; } else { shrink_submounts(mnt); retval = -EBUSY; if (!propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 2)) { if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_list)) umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC); retval = 0; } } out: unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); return retval; } /* * __detach_mounts - lazily unmount all mounts on the specified dentry * * During unlink, rmdir, and d_drop it is possible to loose the path * to an existing mountpoint, and wind up leaking the mount. * detach_mounts allows lazily unmounting those mounts instead of * leaking them. * * The caller may hold dentry->d_inode->i_mutex. */ void __detach_mounts(struct dentry *dentry) { struct mountpoint *mp; struct mount *mnt; namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); mp = lookup_mountpoint(dentry); if (!mp) goto out_unlock; event++; while (!hlist_empty(&mp->m_list)) { mnt = hlist_entry(mp->m_list.first, struct mount, mnt_mp_list); if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_UMOUNT) { umount_mnt(mnt); hlist_add_head(&mnt->mnt_umount, &unmounted); } else umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_CONNECTED); } put_mountpoint(mp); out_unlock: unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); } /* * Is the caller allowed to modify his namespace? */ static inline bool may_mount(void) { return ns_capable(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN); } #ifdef CONFIG_MANDATORY_FILE_LOCKING static bool may_mandlock(void) { pr_warn_once("======================================================\n" "WARNING: the mand mount option is being deprecated and\n" " will be removed in v5.15!\n" "======================================================\n"); return capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN); } #else static inline bool may_mandlock(void) { pr_warn("VFS: \"mand\" mount option not supported"); return false; } #endif static int can_umount(const struct path *path, int flags) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root) return -EINVAL; if (!check_mnt(mnt)) return -EINVAL; if (mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) /* Check optimistically */ return -EINVAL; if (flags & MNT_FORCE && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; return 0; } // caller is responsible for flags being sane int path_umount(struct path *path, int flags) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); int ret; ret = can_umount(path, flags); if (!ret) ret = do_umount(mnt, flags); /* we mustn't call path_put() as that would clear mnt_expiry_mark */ dput(path->dentry); mntput_no_expire(mnt); return ret; } static int ksys_umount(char __user *name, int flags) { int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_MOUNTPOINT; struct path path; int ret; // basic validity checks done first if (flags & ~(MNT_FORCE | MNT_DETACH | MNT_EXPIRE | UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW)) return -EINVAL; if (!(flags & UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW)) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; ret = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, name, lookup_flags, &path); if (ret) return ret; return path_umount(&path, flags); } SYSCALL_DEFINE2(umount, char __user *, name, int, flags) { return ksys_umount(name, flags); } #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_OLDUMOUNT /* * The 2.0 compatible umount. No flags. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(oldumount, char __user *, name) { return ksys_umount(name, 0); } #endif static bool is_mnt_ns_file(struct dentry *dentry) { /* Is this a proxy for a mount namespace? */ return dentry->d_op == &ns_dentry_operations && dentry->d_fsdata == &mntns_operations; } static struct mnt_namespace *to_mnt_ns(struct ns_common *ns) { return container_of(ns, struct mnt_namespace, ns); } struct ns_common *from_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *mnt) { return &mnt->ns; } static bool mnt_ns_loop(struct dentry *dentry) { /* Could bind mounting the mount namespace inode cause a * mount namespace loop? */ struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns; if (!is_mnt_ns_file(dentry)) return false; mnt_ns = to_mnt_ns(get_proc_ns(dentry->d_inode)); return current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->seq >= mnt_ns->seq; } struct mount *copy_tree(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry, int flag) { struct mount *res, *p, *q, *r, *parent; if (!(flag & CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE) && IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(mnt)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); if (!(flag & CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE) && is_mnt_ns_file(dentry)) return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); res = q = clone_mnt(mnt, dentry, flag); if (IS_ERR(q)) return q; q->mnt_mountpoint = mnt->mnt_mountpoint; p = mnt; list_for_each_entry(r, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { struct mount *s; if (!is_subdir(r->mnt_mountpoint, dentry)) continue; for (s = r; s; s = next_mnt(s, r)) { if (!(flag & CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE) && IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(s)) { if (s->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) { /* Both unbindable and locked. */ q = ERR_PTR(-EPERM); goto out; } else { s = skip_mnt_tree(s); continue; } } if (!(flag & CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE) && is_mnt_ns_file(s->mnt.mnt_root)) { s = skip_mnt_tree(s); continue; } while (p != s->mnt_parent) { p = p->mnt_parent; q = q->mnt_parent; } p = s; parent = q; q = clone_mnt(p, p->mnt.mnt_root, flag); if (IS_ERR(q)) goto out; lock_mount_hash(); list_add_tail(&q->mnt_list, &res->mnt_list); attach_mnt(q, parent, p->mnt_mp); unlock_mount_hash(); } } return res; out: if (res) { lock_mount_hash(); umount_tree(res, UMOUNT_SYNC); unlock_mount_hash(); } return q; } /* Caller should check returned pointer for errors */ struct vfsmount *collect_mounts(const struct path *path) { struct mount *tree; namespace_lock(); if (!check_mnt(real_mount(path->mnt))) tree = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); else tree = copy_tree(real_mount(path->mnt), path->dentry, CL_COPY_ALL | CL_PRIVATE); namespace_unlock(); if (IS_ERR(tree)) return ERR_CAST(tree); return &tree->mnt; } static void free_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *); static struct mnt_namespace *alloc_mnt_ns(struct user_namespace *, bool); void dissolve_on_fput(struct vfsmount *mnt) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); ns = real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns; if (ns) { if (is_anon_ns(ns)) umount_tree(real_mount(mnt), UMOUNT_CONNECTED); else ns = NULL; } unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); if (ns) free_mnt_ns(ns); } void drop_collected_mounts(struct vfsmount *mnt) { namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); umount_tree(real_mount(mnt), 0); unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); } static bool has_locked_children(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry) { struct mount *child; list_for_each_entry(child, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { if (!is_subdir(child->mnt_mountpoint, dentry)) continue; if (child->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) return true; } return false; } /** * clone_private_mount - create a private clone of a path * * This creates a new vfsmount, which will be the clone of @path. The new will * not be attached anywhere in the namespace and will be private (i.e. changes * to the originating mount won't be propagated into this). * * Release with mntput(). */ struct vfsmount *clone_private_mount(const struct path *path) { struct mount *old_mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); struct mount *new_mnt; down_read(&namespace_sem); if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(old_mnt)) goto invalid; if (!check_mnt(old_mnt)) goto invalid; if (has_locked_children(old_mnt, path->dentry)) goto invalid; new_mnt = clone_mnt(old_mnt, path->dentry, CL_PRIVATE); up_read(&namespace_sem); if (IS_ERR(new_mnt)) return ERR_CAST(new_mnt); /* Longterm mount to be removed by kern_unmount*() */ new_mnt->mnt_ns = MNT_NS_INTERNAL; return &new_mnt->mnt; invalid: up_read(&namespace_sem); return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(clone_private_mount); int iterate_mounts(int (*f)(struct vfsmount *, void *), void *arg, struct vfsmount *root) { struct mount *mnt; int res = f(root, arg); if (res) return res; list_for_each_entry(mnt, &real_mount(root)->mnt_list, mnt_list) { res = f(&mnt->mnt, arg); if (res) return res; } return 0; } static void lock_mnt_tree(struct mount *mnt) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { int flags = p->mnt.mnt_flags; /* Don't allow unprivileged users to change mount flags */ flags |= MNT_LOCK_ATIME; if (flags & MNT_READONLY) flags |= MNT_LOCK_READONLY; if (flags & MNT_NODEV) flags |= MNT_LOCK_NODEV; if (flags & MNT_NOSUID) flags |= MNT_LOCK_NOSUID; if (flags & MNT_NOEXEC) flags |= MNT_LOCK_NOEXEC; /* Don't allow unprivileged users to reveal what is under a mount */ if (list_empty(&p->mnt_expire)) flags |= MNT_LOCKED; p->mnt.mnt_flags = flags; } } static void cleanup_group_ids(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *end) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p != end; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { if (p->mnt_group_id && !IS_MNT_SHARED(p)) mnt_release_group_id(p); } } static int invent_group_ids(struct mount *mnt, bool recurse) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = recurse ? next_mnt(p, mnt) : NULL) { if (!p->mnt_group_id && !IS_MNT_SHARED(p)) { int err = mnt_alloc_group_id(p); if (err) { cleanup_group_ids(mnt, p); return err; } } } return 0; } int count_mounts(struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct mount *mnt) { unsigned int max = READ_ONCE(sysctl_mount_max); unsigned int mounts = 0, old, pending, sum; struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) mounts++; old = ns->mounts; pending = ns->pending_mounts; sum = old + pending; if ((old > sum) || (pending > sum) || (max < sum) || (mounts > (max - sum))) return -ENOSPC; ns->pending_mounts = pending + mounts; return 0; } /* * @source_mnt : mount tree to be attached * @nd : place the mount tree @source_mnt is attached * @parent_nd : if non-null, detach the source_mnt from its parent and * store the parent mount and mountpoint dentry. * (done when source_mnt is moved) * * NOTE: in the table below explains the semantics when a source mount * of a given type is attached to a destination mount of a given type. * --------------------------------------------------------------------------- * | BIND MOUNT OPERATION | * |************************************************************************** * | source-->| shared | private | slave | unbindable | * | dest | | | | | * | | | | | | | * | v | | | | | * |************************************************************************** * | shared | shared (++) | shared (+) | shared(+++)| invalid | * | | | | | | * |non-shared| shared (+) | private | slave (*) | invalid | * *************************************************************************** * A bind operation clones the source mount and mounts the clone on the * destination mount. * * (++) the cloned mount is propagated to all the mounts in the propagation * tree of the destination mount and the cloned mount is added to * the peer group of the source mount. * (+) the cloned mount is created under the destination mount and is marked * as shared. The cloned mount is added to the peer group of the source * mount. * (+++) the mount is propagated to all the mounts in the propagation tree * of the destination mount and the cloned mount is made slave * of the same master as that of the source mount. The cloned mount * is marked as 'shared and slave'. * (*) the cloned mount is made a slave of the same master as that of the * source mount. * * --------------------------------------------------------------------------- * | MOVE MOUNT OPERATION | * |************************************************************************** * | source-->| shared | private | slave | unbindable | * | dest | | | | | * | | | | | | | * | v | | | | | * |************************************************************************** * | shared | shared (+) | shared (+) | shared(+++) | invalid | * | | | | | | * |non-shared| shared (+*) | private | slave (*) | unbindable | * *************************************************************************** * * (+) the mount is moved to the destination. And is then propagated to * all the mounts in the propagation tree of the destination mount. * (+*) the mount is moved to the destination. * (+++) the mount is moved to the destination and is then propagated to * all the mounts belonging to the destination mount's propagation tree. * the mount is marked as 'shared and slave'. * (*) the mount continues to be a slave at the new location. * * if the source mount is a tree, the operations explained above is * applied to each mount in the tree. * Must be called without spinlocks held, since this function can sleep * in allocations. */ static int attach_recursive_mnt(struct mount *source_mnt, struct mount *dest_mnt, struct mountpoint *dest_mp, bool moving) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns; HLIST_HEAD(tree_list); struct mnt_namespace *ns = dest_mnt->mnt_ns; struct mountpoint *smp; struct mount *child, *p; struct hlist_node *n; int err; /* Preallocate a mountpoint in case the new mounts need * to be tucked under other mounts. */ smp = get_mountpoint(source_mnt->mnt.mnt_root); if (IS_ERR(smp)) return PTR_ERR(smp); /* Is there space to add these mounts to the mount namespace? */ if (!moving) { err = count_mounts(ns, source_mnt); if (err) goto out; } if (IS_MNT_SHARED(dest_mnt)) { err = invent_group_ids(source_mnt, true); if (err) goto out; err = propagate_mnt(dest_mnt, dest_mp, source_mnt, &tree_list); lock_mount_hash(); if (err) goto out_cleanup_ids; for (p = source_mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, source_mnt)) set_mnt_shared(p); } else { lock_mount_hash(); } if (moving) { unhash_mnt(source_mnt); attach_mnt(source_mnt, dest_mnt, dest_mp); touch_mnt_namespace(source_mnt->mnt_ns); } else { if (source_mnt->mnt_ns) { /* move from anon - the caller will destroy */ list_del_init(&source_mnt->mnt_ns->list); } mnt_set_mountpoint(dest_mnt, dest_mp, source_mnt); commit_tree(source_mnt); } hlist_for_each_entry_safe(child, n, &tree_list, mnt_hash) { struct mount *q; hlist_del_init(&child->mnt_hash); q = __lookup_mnt(&child->mnt_parent->mnt, child->mnt_mountpoint); if (q) mnt_change_mountpoint(child, smp, q); /* Notice when we are propagating across user namespaces */ if (child->mnt_parent->mnt_ns->user_ns != user_ns) lock_mnt_tree(child); child->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED; commit_tree(child); } put_mountpoint(smp); unlock_mount_hash(); return 0; out_cleanup_ids: while (!hlist_empty(&tree_list)) { child = hlist_entry(tree_list.first, struct mount, mnt_hash); child->mnt_parent->mnt_ns->pending_mounts = 0; umount_tree(child, UMOUNT_SYNC); } unlock_mount_hash(); cleanup_group_ids(source_mnt, NULL); out: ns->pending_mounts = 0; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); put_mountpoint(smp); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return err; } static struct mountpoint *lock_mount(struct path *path) { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; retry: inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); if (unlikely(cant_mount(dentry))) { inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT); } namespace_lock(); mnt = lookup_mnt(path); if (likely(!mnt)) { struct mountpoint *mp = get_mountpoint(dentry); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); return mp; } return mp; } namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(path->dentry->d_inode); path_put(path); path->mnt = mnt; dentry = path->dentry = dget(mnt->mnt_root); goto retry; } static void unlock_mount(struct mountpoint *where) { struct dentry *dentry = where->m_dentry; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); put_mountpoint(where); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); } static int graft_tree(struct mount *mnt, struct mount *p, struct mountpoint *mp) { if (mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_flags & SB_NOUSER) return -EINVAL; if (d_is_dir(mp->m_dentry) != d_is_dir(mnt->mnt.mnt_root)) return -ENOTDIR; return attach_recursive_mnt(mnt, p, mp, false); } /* * Sanity check the flags to change_mnt_propagation. */ static int flags_to_propagation_type(int ms_flags) { int type = ms_flags & ~(MS_REC | MS_SILENT); /* Fail if any non-propagation flags are set */ if (type & ~(MS_SHARED | MS_PRIVATE | MS_SLAVE | MS_UNBINDABLE)) return 0; /* Only one propagation flag should be set */ if (!is_power_of_2(type)) return 0; return type; } /* * recursively change the type of the mountpoint. */ static int do_change_type(struct path *path, int ms_flags) { struct mount *m; struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); int recurse = ms_flags & MS_REC; int type; int err = 0; if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root) return -EINVAL; type = flags_to_propagation_type(ms_flags); if (!type) return -EINVAL; namespace_lock(); if (type == MS_SHARED) { err = invent_group_ids(mnt, recurse); if (err) goto out_unlock; } lock_mount_hash(); for (m = mnt; m; m = (recurse ? next_mnt(m, mnt) : NULL)) change_mnt_propagation(m, type); unlock_mount_hash(); out_unlock: namespace_unlock(); return err; } static struct mount *__do_loopback(struct path *old_path, int recurse) { struct mount *mnt = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL), *old = real_mount(old_path->mnt); if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(old)) return mnt; if (!check_mnt(old) && old_path->dentry->d_op != &ns_dentry_operations) return mnt; if (!recurse && has_locked_children(old, old_path->dentry)) return mnt; if (recurse) mnt = copy_tree(old, old_path->dentry, CL_COPY_MNT_NS_FILE); else mnt = clone_mnt(old, old_path->dentry, 0); if (!IS_ERR(mnt)) mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED; return mnt; } /* * do loopback mount. */ static int do_loopback(struct path *path, const char *old_name, int recurse) { struct path old_path; struct mount *mnt = NULL, *parent; struct mountpoint *mp; int err; if (!old_name || !*old_name) return -EINVAL; err = kern_path(old_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT, &old_path); if (err) return err; err = -EINVAL; if (mnt_ns_loop(old_path.dentry)) goto out; mp = lock_mount(path); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { err = PTR_ERR(mp); goto out; } parent = real_mount(path->mnt); if (!check_mnt(parent)) goto out2; mnt = __do_loopback(&old_path, recurse); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) { err = PTR_ERR(mnt); goto out2; } err = graft_tree(mnt, parent, mp); if (err) { lock_mount_hash(); umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_SYNC); unlock_mount_hash(); } out2: unlock_mount(mp); out: path_put(&old_path); return err; } static struct file *open_detached_copy(struct path *path, bool recursive) { struct user_namespace *user_ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns; struct mnt_namespace *ns = alloc_mnt_ns(user_ns, true); struct mount *mnt, *p; struct file *file; if (IS_ERR(ns)) return ERR_CAST(ns); namespace_lock(); mnt = __do_loopback(path, recursive); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) { namespace_unlock(); free_mnt_ns(ns); return ERR_CAST(mnt); } lock_mount_hash(); for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { p->mnt_ns = ns; ns->mounts++; } ns->root = mnt; list_add_tail(&ns->list, &mnt->mnt_list); mntget(&mnt->mnt); unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); mntput(path->mnt); path->mnt = &mnt->mnt; file = dentry_open(path, O_PATH, current_cred()); if (IS_ERR(file)) dissolve_on_fput(path->mnt); else file->f_mode |= FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT; return file; } SYSCALL_DEFINE3(open_tree, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, unsigned, flags) { struct file *file; struct path path; int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT | LOOKUP_FOLLOW; bool detached = flags & OPEN_TREE_CLONE; int error; int fd; BUILD_BUG_ON(OPEN_TREE_CLOEXEC != O_CLOEXEC); if (flags & ~(AT_EMPTY_PATH | AT_NO_AUTOMOUNT | AT_RECURSIVE | AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | OPEN_TREE_CLONE | OPEN_TREE_CLOEXEC)) return -EINVAL; if ((flags & (AT_RECURSIVE | OPEN_TREE_CLONE)) == AT_RECURSIVE) return -EINVAL; if (flags & AT_NO_AUTOMOUNT) lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT; if (flags & AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW) lookup_flags &= ~LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & AT_EMPTY_PATH) lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; if (detached && !may_mount()) return -EPERM; fd = get_unused_fd_flags(flags & O_CLOEXEC); if (fd < 0) return fd; error = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path); if (unlikely(error)) { file = ERR_PTR(error); } else { if (detached) file = open_detached_copy(&path, flags & AT_RECURSIVE); else file = dentry_open(&path, O_PATH, current_cred()); path_put(&path); } if (IS_ERR(file)) { put_unused_fd(fd); return PTR_ERR(file); } fd_install(fd, file); return fd; } /* * Don't allow locked mount flags to be cleared. * * No locks need to be held here while testing the various MNT_LOCK * flags because those flags can never be cleared once they are set. */ static bool can_change_locked_flags(struct mount *mnt, unsigned int mnt_flags) { unsigned int fl = mnt->mnt.mnt_flags; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_READONLY) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_NODEV) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_NODEV)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_NOSUID) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_NOSUID)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_NOEXEC) && !(mnt_flags & MNT_NOEXEC)) return false; if ((fl & MNT_LOCK_ATIME) && ((fl & MNT_ATIME_MASK) != (mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK))) return false; return true; } static int change_mount_ro_state(struct mount *mnt, unsigned int mnt_flags) { bool readonly_request = (mnt_flags & MNT_READONLY); if (readonly_request == __mnt_is_readonly(&mnt->mnt)) return 0; if (readonly_request) return mnt_make_readonly(mnt); return __mnt_unmake_readonly(mnt); } /* * Update the user-settable attributes on a mount. The caller must hold * sb->s_umount for writing. */ static void set_mount_attributes(struct mount *mnt, unsigned int mnt_flags) { lock_mount_hash(); mnt_flags |= mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & ~MNT_USER_SETTABLE_MASK; mnt->mnt.mnt_flags = mnt_flags; touch_mnt_namespace(mnt->mnt_ns); unlock_mount_hash(); } static void mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(struct path *mountpoint, struct vfsmount *mnt) { struct super_block *sb = mnt->mnt_sb; if (!__mnt_is_readonly(mnt) && (ktime_get_real_seconds() + TIME_UPTIME_SEC_MAX > sb->s_time_max)) { char *buf = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL); char *mntpath = buf ? d_path(mountpoint, buf, PAGE_SIZE) : ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); struct tm tm; time64_to_tm(sb->s_time_max, 0, &tm); pr_warn("%s filesystem being %s at %s supports timestamps until %04ld (0x%llx)\n", sb->s_type->name, is_mounted(mnt) ? "remounted" : "mounted", mntpath, tm.tm_year+1900, (unsigned long long)sb->s_time_max); free_page((unsigned long)buf); } } /* * Handle reconfiguration of the mountpoint only without alteration of the * superblock it refers to. This is triggered by specifying MS_REMOUNT|MS_BIND * to mount(2). */ static int do_reconfigure_mnt(struct path *path, unsigned int mnt_flags) { struct super_block *sb = path->mnt->mnt_sb; struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); int ret; if (!check_mnt(mnt)) return -EINVAL; if (path->dentry != mnt->mnt.mnt_root) return -EINVAL; if (!can_change_locked_flags(mnt, mnt_flags)) return -EPERM; down_write(&sb->s_umount); ret = change_mount_ro_state(mnt, mnt_flags); if (ret == 0) set_mount_attributes(mnt, mnt_flags); up_write(&sb->s_umount); mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(path, &mnt->mnt); return ret; } /* * change filesystem flags. dir should be a physical root of filesystem. * If you've mounted a non-root directory somewhere and want to do remount * on it - tough luck. */ static int do_remount(struct path *path, int ms_flags, int sb_flags, int mnt_flags, void *data) { int err; struct super_block *sb = path->mnt->mnt_sb; struct mount *mnt = real_mount(path->mnt); struct fs_context *fc; if (!check_mnt(mnt)) return -EINVAL; if (path->dentry != path->mnt->mnt_root) return -EINVAL; if (!can_change_locked_flags(mnt, mnt_flags)) return -EPERM; fc = fs_context_for_reconfigure(path->dentry, sb_flags, MS_RMT_MASK); if (IS_ERR(fc)) return PTR_ERR(fc); fc->oldapi = true; err = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, data); if (!err) { down_write(&sb->s_umount); err = -EPERM; if (ns_capable(sb->s_user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) { err = reconfigure_super(fc); if (!err) set_mount_attributes(mnt, mnt_flags); } up_write(&sb->s_umount); } mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(path, &mnt->mnt); put_fs_context(fc); return err; } static inline int tree_contains_unbindable(struct mount *mnt) { struct mount *p; for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) { if (IS_MNT_UNBINDABLE(p)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * Check that there aren't references to earlier/same mount namespaces in the * specified subtree. Such references can act as pins for mount namespaces * that aren't checked by the mount-cycle checking code, thereby allowing * cycles to be made. */ static bool check_for_nsfs_mounts(struct mount *subtree) { struct mount *p; bool ret = false; lock_mount_hash(); for (p = subtree; p; p = next_mnt(p, subtree)) if (mnt_ns_loop(p->mnt.mnt_root)) goto out; ret = true; out: unlock_mount_hash(); return ret; } static int do_move_mount(struct path *old_path, struct path *new_path) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct mount *p; struct mount *old; struct mount *parent; struct mountpoint *mp, *old_mp; int err; bool attached; mp = lock_mount(new_path); if (IS_ERR(mp)) return PTR_ERR(mp); old = real_mount(old_path->mnt); p = real_mount(new_path->mnt); parent = old->mnt_parent; attached = mnt_has_parent(old); old_mp = old->mnt_mp; ns = old->mnt_ns; err = -EINVAL; /* The mountpoint must be in our namespace. */ if (!check_mnt(p)) goto out; /* The thing moved must be mounted... */ if (!is_mounted(&old->mnt)) goto out; /* ... and either ours or the root of anon namespace */ if (!(attached ? check_mnt(old) : is_anon_ns(ns))) goto out; if (old->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) goto out; if (old_path->dentry != old_path->mnt->mnt_root) goto out; if (d_is_dir(new_path->dentry) != d_is_dir(old_path->dentry)) goto out; /* * Don't move a mount residing in a shared parent. */ if (attached && IS_MNT_SHARED(parent)) goto out; /* * Don't move a mount tree containing unbindable mounts to a destination * mount which is shared. */ if (IS_MNT_SHARED(p) && tree_contains_unbindable(old)) goto out; err = -ELOOP; if (!check_for_nsfs_mounts(old)) goto out; for (; mnt_has_parent(p); p = p->mnt_parent) if (p == old) goto out; err = attach_recursive_mnt(old, real_mount(new_path->mnt), mp, attached); if (err) goto out; /* if the mount is moved, it should no longer be expire * automatically */ list_del_init(&old->mnt_expire); if (attached) put_mountpoint(old_mp); out: unlock_mount(mp); if (!err) { if (attached) mntput_no_expire(parent); else free_mnt_ns(ns); } return err; } static int do_move_mount_old(struct path *path, const char *old_name) { struct path old_path; int err; if (!old_name || !*old_name) return -EINVAL; err = kern_path(old_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &old_path); if (err) return err; err = do_move_mount(&old_path, path); path_put(&old_path); return err; } /* * add a mount into a namespace's mount tree */ static int do_add_mount(struct mount *newmnt, struct mountpoint *mp, struct path *path, int mnt_flags) { struct mount *parent = real_mount(path->mnt); mnt_flags &= ~MNT_INTERNAL_FLAGS; if (unlikely(!check_mnt(parent))) { /* that's acceptable only for automounts done in private ns */ if (!(mnt_flags & MNT_SHRINKABLE)) return -EINVAL; /* ... and for those we'd better have mountpoint still alive */ if (!parent->mnt_ns) return -EINVAL; } /* Refuse the same filesystem on the same mount point */ if (path->mnt->mnt_sb == newmnt->mnt.mnt_sb && path->mnt->mnt_root == path->dentry) return -EBUSY; if (d_is_symlink(newmnt->mnt.mnt_root)) return -EINVAL; newmnt->mnt.mnt_flags = mnt_flags; return graft_tree(newmnt, parent, mp); } static bool mount_too_revealing(const struct super_block *sb, int *new_mnt_flags); /* * Create a new mount using a superblock configuration and request it * be added to the namespace tree. */ static int do_new_mount_fc(struct fs_context *fc, struct path *mountpoint, unsigned int mnt_flags) { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct mountpoint *mp; struct super_block *sb = fc->root->d_sb; int error; error = security_sb_kern_mount(sb); if (!error && mount_too_revealing(sb, &mnt_flags)) error = -EPERM; if (unlikely(error)) { fc_drop_locked(fc); return error; } up_write(&sb->s_umount); mnt = vfs_create_mount(fc); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) return PTR_ERR(mnt); mnt_warn_timestamp_expiry(mountpoint, mnt); mp = lock_mount(mountpoint); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { mntput(mnt); return PTR_ERR(mp); } error = do_add_mount(real_mount(mnt), mp, mountpoint, mnt_flags); unlock_mount(mp); if (error < 0) mntput(mnt); return error; } /* * create a new mount for userspace and request it to be added into the * namespace's tree */ static int do_new_mount(struct path *path, const char *fstype, int sb_flags, int mnt_flags, const char *name, void *data) { struct file_system_type *type; struct fs_context *fc; const char *subtype = NULL; int err = 0; if (!fstype) return -EINVAL; type = get_fs_type(fstype); if (!type) return -ENODEV; if (type->fs_flags & FS_HAS_SUBTYPE) { subtype = strchr(fstype, '.'); if (subtype) { subtype++; if (!*subtype) { put_filesystem(type); return -EINVAL; } } } fc = fs_context_for_mount(type, sb_flags); put_filesystem(type); if (IS_ERR(fc)) return PTR_ERR(fc); if (subtype) err = vfs_parse_fs_string(fc, "subtype", subtype, strlen(subtype)); if (!err && name) err = vfs_parse_fs_string(fc, "source", name, strlen(name)); if (!err) err = parse_monolithic_mount_data(fc, data); if (!err && !mount_capable(fc)) err = -EPERM; if (!err) err = vfs_get_tree(fc); if (!err) err = do_new_mount_fc(fc, path, mnt_flags); put_fs_context(fc); return err; } int finish_automount(struct vfsmount *m, struct path *path) { struct dentry *dentry = path->dentry; struct mountpoint *mp; struct mount *mnt; int err; if (!m) return 0; if (IS_ERR(m)) return PTR_ERR(m); mnt = real_mount(m); /* The new mount record should have at least 2 refs to prevent it being * expired before we get a chance to add it */ BUG_ON(mnt_get_count(mnt) < 2); if (m->mnt_sb == path->mnt->mnt_sb && m->mnt_root == dentry) { err = -ELOOP; goto discard; } /* * we don't want to use lock_mount() - in this case finding something * that overmounts our mountpoint to be means "quitely drop what we've * got", not "try to mount it on top". */ inode_lock(dentry->d_inode); namespace_lock(); if (unlikely(cant_mount(dentry))) { err = -ENOENT; goto discard_locked; } rcu_read_lock(); if (unlikely(__lookup_mnt(path->mnt, dentry))) { rcu_read_unlock(); err = 0; goto discard_locked; } rcu_read_unlock(); mp = get_mountpoint(dentry); if (IS_ERR(mp)) { err = PTR_ERR(mp); goto discard_locked; } err = do_add_mount(mnt, mp, path, path->mnt->mnt_flags | MNT_SHRINKABLE); unlock_mount(mp); if (unlikely(err)) goto discard; mntput(m); return 0; discard_locked: namespace_unlock(); inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode); discard: /* remove m from any expiration list it may be on */ if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_expire)) { namespace_lock(); list_del_init(&mnt->mnt_expire); namespace_unlock(); } mntput(m); mntput(m); return err; } /** * mnt_set_expiry - Put a mount on an expiration list * @mnt: The mount to list. * @expiry_list: The list to add the mount to. */ void mnt_set_expiry(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct list_head *expiry_list) { namespace_lock(); list_add_tail(&real_mount(mnt)->mnt_expire, expiry_list); namespace_unlock(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mnt_set_expiry); /* * process a list of expirable mountpoints with the intent of discarding any * mountpoints that aren't in use and haven't been touched since last we came * here */ void mark_mounts_for_expiry(struct list_head *mounts) { struct mount *mnt, *next; LIST_HEAD(graveyard); if (list_empty(mounts)) return; namespace_lock(); lock_mount_hash(); /* extract from the expiration list every vfsmount that matches the * following criteria: * - only referenced by its parent vfsmount * - still marked for expiry (marked on the last call here; marks are * cleared by mntput()) */ list_for_each_entry_safe(mnt, next, mounts, mnt_expire) { if (!xchg(&mnt->mnt_expiry_mark, 1) || propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 1)) continue; list_move(&mnt->mnt_expire, &graveyard); } while (!list_empty(&graveyard)) { mnt = list_first_entry(&graveyard, struct mount, mnt_expire); touch_mnt_namespace(mnt->mnt_ns); umount_tree(mnt, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC); } unlock_mount_hash(); namespace_unlock(); } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mark_mounts_for_expiry); /* * Ripoff of 'select_parent()' * * search the list of submounts for a given mountpoint, and move any * shrinkable submounts to the 'graveyard' list. */ static int select_submounts(struct mount *parent, struct list_head *graveyard) { struct mount *this_parent = parent; struct list_head *next; int found = 0; repeat: next = this_parent->mnt_mounts.next; resume: while (next != &this_parent->mnt_mounts) { struct list_head *tmp = next; struct mount *mnt = list_entry(tmp, struct mount, mnt_child); next = tmp->next; if (!(mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_SHRINKABLE)) continue; /* * Descend a level if the d_mounts list is non-empty. */ if (!list_empty(&mnt->mnt_mounts)) { this_parent = mnt; goto repeat; } if (!propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 1)) { list_move_tail(&mnt->mnt_expire, graveyard); found++; } } /* * All done at this level ... ascend and resume the search */ if (this_parent != parent) { next = this_parent->mnt_child.next; this_parent = this_parent->mnt_parent; goto resume; } return found; } /* * process a list of expirable mountpoints with the intent of discarding any * submounts of a specific parent mountpoint * * mount_lock must be held for write */ static void shrink_submounts(struct mount *mnt) { LIST_HEAD(graveyard); struct mount *m; /* extract submounts of 'mountpoint' from the expiration list */ while (select_submounts(mnt, &graveyard)) { while (!list_empty(&graveyard)) { m = list_first_entry(&graveyard, struct mount, mnt_expire); touch_mnt_namespace(m->mnt_ns); umount_tree(m, UMOUNT_PROPAGATE|UMOUNT_SYNC); } } } static void *copy_mount_options(const void __user * data) { char *copy; unsigned left, offset; if (!data) return NULL; copy = kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL); if (!copy) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); left = copy_from_user(copy, data, PAGE_SIZE); /* * Not all architectures have an exact copy_from_user(). Resort to * byte at a time. */ offset = PAGE_SIZE - left; while (left) { char c; if (get_user(c, (const char __user *)data + offset)) break; copy[offset] = c; left--; offset++; } if (left == PAGE_SIZE) { kfree(copy); return ERR_PTR(-EFAULT); } return copy; } static char *copy_mount_string(const void __user *data) { return data ? strndup_user(data, PATH_MAX) : NULL; } /* * Flags is a 32-bit value that allows up to 31 non-fs dependent flags to * be given to the mount() call (ie: read-only, no-dev, no-suid etc). * * data is a (void *) that can point to any structure up to * PAGE_SIZE-1 bytes, which can contain arbitrary fs-dependent * information (or be NULL). * * Pre-0.97 versions of mount() didn't have a flags word. * When the flags word was introduced its top half was required * to have the magic value 0xC0ED, and this remained so until 2.4.0-test9. * Therefore, if this magic number is present, it carries no information * and must be discarded. */ int path_mount(const char *dev_name, struct path *path, const char *type_page, unsigned long flags, void *data_page) { unsigned int mnt_flags = 0, sb_flags; int ret; /* Discard magic */ if ((flags & MS_MGC_MSK) == MS_MGC_VAL) flags &= ~MS_MGC_MSK; /* Basic sanity checks */ if (data_page) ((char *)data_page)[PAGE_SIZE - 1] = 0; if (flags & MS_NOUSER) return -EINVAL; ret = security_sb_mount(dev_name, path, type_page, flags, data_page); if (ret) return ret; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if ((flags & SB_MANDLOCK) && !may_mandlock()) return -EPERM; /* Default to relatime unless overriden */ if (!(flags & MS_NOATIME)) mnt_flags |= MNT_RELATIME; /* Separate the per-mountpoint flags */ if (flags & MS_NOSUID) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOSUID; if (flags & MS_NODEV) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODEV; if (flags & MS_NOEXEC) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOEXEC; if (flags & MS_NOATIME) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOATIME; if (flags & MS_NODIRATIME) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODIRATIME; if (flags & MS_STRICTATIME) mnt_flags &= ~(MNT_RELATIME | MNT_NOATIME); if (flags & MS_RDONLY) mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY; if (flags & MS_NOSYMFOLLOW) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOSYMFOLLOW; /* The default atime for remount is preservation */ if ((flags & MS_REMOUNT) && ((flags & (MS_NOATIME | MS_NODIRATIME | MS_RELATIME | MS_STRICTATIME)) == 0)) { mnt_flags &= ~MNT_ATIME_MASK; mnt_flags |= path->mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK; } sb_flags = flags & (SB_RDONLY | SB_SYNCHRONOUS | SB_MANDLOCK | SB_DIRSYNC | SB_SILENT | SB_POSIXACL | SB_LAZYTIME | SB_I_VERSION); if ((flags & (MS_REMOUNT | MS_BIND)) == (MS_REMOUNT | MS_BIND)) return do_reconfigure_mnt(path, mnt_flags); if (flags & MS_REMOUNT) return do_remount(path, flags, sb_flags, mnt_flags, data_page); if (flags & MS_BIND) return do_loopback(path, dev_name, flags & MS_REC); if (flags & (MS_SHARED | MS_PRIVATE | MS_SLAVE | MS_UNBINDABLE)) return do_change_type(path, flags); if (flags & MS_MOVE) return do_move_mount_old(path, dev_name); return do_new_mount(path, type_page, sb_flags, mnt_flags, dev_name, data_page); } long do_mount(const char *dev_name, const char __user *dir_name, const char *type_page, unsigned long flags, void *data_page) { struct path path; int ret; ret = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, dir_name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &path); if (ret) return ret; ret = path_mount(dev_name, &path, type_page, flags, data_page); path_put(&path); return ret; } static struct ucounts *inc_mnt_namespaces(struct user_namespace *ns) { return inc_ucount(ns, current_euid(), UCOUNT_MNT_NAMESPACES); } static void dec_mnt_namespaces(struct ucounts *ucounts) { dec_ucount(ucounts, UCOUNT_MNT_NAMESPACES); } static void free_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (!is_anon_ns(ns)) ns_free_inum(&ns->ns); dec_mnt_namespaces(ns->ucounts); put_user_ns(ns->user_ns); kfree(ns); } /* * Assign a sequence number so we can detect when we attempt to bind * mount a reference to an older mount namespace into the current * mount namespace, preventing reference counting loops. A 64bit * number incrementing at 10Ghz will take 12,427 years to wrap which * is effectively never, so we can ignore the possibility. */ static atomic64_t mnt_ns_seq = ATOMIC64_INIT(1); static struct mnt_namespace *alloc_mnt_ns(struct user_namespace *user_ns, bool anon) { struct mnt_namespace *new_ns; struct ucounts *ucounts; int ret; ucounts = inc_mnt_namespaces(user_ns); if (!ucounts) return ERR_PTR(-ENOSPC); new_ns = kzalloc(sizeof(struct mnt_namespace), GFP_KERNEL); if (!new_ns) { dec_mnt_namespaces(ucounts); return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); } if (!anon) { ret = ns_alloc_inum(&new_ns->ns); if (ret) { kfree(new_ns); dec_mnt_namespaces(ucounts); return ERR_PTR(ret); } } new_ns->ns.ops = &mntns_operations; if (!anon) new_ns->seq = atomic64_add_return(1, &mnt_ns_seq); atomic_set(&new_ns->count, 1); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new_ns->list); init_waitqueue_head(&new_ns->poll); spin_lock_init(&new_ns->ns_lock); new_ns->user_ns = get_user_ns(user_ns); new_ns->ucounts = ucounts; return new_ns; } __latent_entropy struct mnt_namespace *copy_mnt_ns(unsigned long flags, struct mnt_namespace *ns, struct user_namespace *user_ns, struct fs_struct *new_fs) { struct mnt_namespace *new_ns; struct vfsmount *rootmnt = NULL, *pwdmnt = NULL; struct mount *p, *q; struct mount *old; struct mount *new; int copy_flags; BUG_ON(!ns); if (likely(!(flags & CLONE_NEWNS))) { get_mnt_ns(ns); return ns; } old = ns->root; new_ns = alloc_mnt_ns(user_ns, false); if (IS_ERR(new_ns)) return new_ns; namespace_lock(); /* First pass: copy the tree topology */ copy_flags = CL_COPY_UNBINDABLE | CL_EXPIRE; if (user_ns != ns->user_ns) copy_flags |= CL_SHARED_TO_SLAVE; new = copy_tree(old, old->mnt.mnt_root, copy_flags); if (IS_ERR(new)) { namespace_unlock(); free_mnt_ns(new_ns); return ERR_CAST(new); } if (user_ns != ns->user_ns) { lock_mount_hash(); lock_mnt_tree(new); unlock_mount_hash(); } new_ns->root = new; list_add_tail(&new_ns->list, &new->mnt_list); /* * Second pass: switch the tsk->fs->* elements and mark new vfsmounts * as belonging to new namespace. We have already acquired a private * fs_struct, so tsk->fs->lock is not needed. */ p = old; q = new; while (p) { q->mnt_ns = new_ns; new_ns->mounts++; if (new_fs) { if (&p->mnt == new_fs->root.mnt) { new_fs->root.mnt = mntget(&q->mnt); rootmnt = &p->mnt; } if (&p->mnt == new_fs->pwd.mnt) { new_fs->pwd.mnt = mntget(&q->mnt); pwdmnt = &p->mnt; } } p = next_mnt(p, old); q = next_mnt(q, new); if (!q) break; while (p->mnt.mnt_root != q->mnt.mnt_root) p = next_mnt(p, old); } namespace_unlock(); if (rootmnt) mntput(rootmnt); if (pwdmnt) mntput(pwdmnt); return new_ns; } struct dentry *mount_subtree(struct vfsmount *m, const char *name) { struct mount *mnt = real_mount(m); struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct super_block *s; struct path path; int err; ns = alloc_mnt_ns(&init_user_ns, true); if (IS_ERR(ns)) { mntput(m); return ERR_CAST(ns); } mnt->mnt_ns = ns; ns->root = mnt; ns->mounts++; list_add(&mnt->mnt_list, &ns->list); err = vfs_path_lookup(m->mnt_root, m, name, LOOKUP_FOLLOW|LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT, &path); put_mnt_ns(ns); if (err) return ERR_PTR(err); /* trade a vfsmount reference for active sb one */ s = path.mnt->mnt_sb; atomic_inc(&s->s_active); mntput(path.mnt); /* lock the sucker */ down_write(&s->s_umount); /* ... and return the root of (sub)tree on it */ return path.dentry; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(mount_subtree); SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mount, char __user *, dev_name, char __user *, dir_name, char __user *, type, unsigned long, flags, void __user *, data) { int ret; char *kernel_type; char *kernel_dev; void *options; kernel_type = copy_mount_string(type); ret = PTR_ERR(kernel_type); if (IS_ERR(kernel_type)) goto out_type; kernel_dev = copy_mount_string(dev_name); ret = PTR_ERR(kernel_dev); if (IS_ERR(kernel_dev)) goto out_dev; options = copy_mount_options(data); ret = PTR_ERR(options); if (IS_ERR(options)) goto out_data; ret = do_mount(kernel_dev, dir_name, kernel_type, flags, options); kfree(options); out_data: kfree(kernel_dev); out_dev: kfree(kernel_type); out_type: return ret; } /* * Create a kernel mount representation for a new, prepared superblock * (specified by fs_fd) and attach to an open_tree-like file descriptor. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(fsmount, int, fs_fd, unsigned int, flags, unsigned int, attr_flags) { struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct fs_context *fc; struct file *file; struct path newmount; struct mount *mnt; struct fd f; unsigned int mnt_flags = 0; long ret; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if ((flags & ~(FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC)) != 0) return -EINVAL; if (attr_flags & ~(MOUNT_ATTR_RDONLY | MOUNT_ATTR_NOSUID | MOUNT_ATTR_NODEV | MOUNT_ATTR_NOEXEC | MOUNT_ATTR__ATIME | MOUNT_ATTR_NODIRATIME)) return -EINVAL; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_RDONLY) mnt_flags |= MNT_READONLY; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NOSUID) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOSUID; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NODEV) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODEV; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NOEXEC) mnt_flags |= MNT_NOEXEC; if (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR_NODIRATIME) mnt_flags |= MNT_NODIRATIME; switch (attr_flags & MOUNT_ATTR__ATIME) { case MOUNT_ATTR_STRICTATIME: break; case MOUNT_ATTR_NOATIME: mnt_flags |= MNT_NOATIME; break; case MOUNT_ATTR_RELATIME: mnt_flags |= MNT_RELATIME; break; default: return -EINVAL; } f = fdget(fs_fd); if (!f.file) return -EBADF; ret = -EINVAL; if (f.file->f_op != &fscontext_fops) goto err_fsfd; fc = f.file->private_data; ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&fc->uapi_mutex); if (ret < 0) goto err_fsfd; /* There must be a valid superblock or we can't mount it */ ret = -EINVAL; if (!fc->root) goto err_unlock; ret = -EPERM; if (mount_too_revealing(fc->root->d_sb, &mnt_flags)) { pr_warn("VFS: Mount too revealing\n"); goto err_unlock; } ret = -EBUSY; if (fc->phase != FS_CONTEXT_AWAITING_MOUNT) goto err_unlock; ret = -EPERM; if ((fc->sb_flags & SB_MANDLOCK) && !may_mandlock()) goto err_unlock; newmount.mnt = vfs_create_mount(fc); if (IS_ERR(newmount.mnt)) { ret = PTR_ERR(newmount.mnt); goto err_unlock; } newmount.dentry = dget(fc->root); newmount.mnt->mnt_flags = mnt_flags; /* We've done the mount bit - now move the file context into more or * less the same state as if we'd done an fspick(). We don't want to * do any memory allocation or anything like that at this point as we * don't want to have to handle any errors incurred. */ vfs_clean_context(fc); ns = alloc_mnt_ns(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->user_ns, true); if (IS_ERR(ns)) { ret = PTR_ERR(ns); goto err_path; } mnt = real_mount(newmount.mnt); mnt->mnt_ns = ns; ns->root = mnt; ns->mounts = 1; list_add(&mnt->mnt_list, &ns->list); mntget(newmount.mnt); /* Attach to an apparent O_PATH fd with a note that we need to unmount * it, not just simply put it. */ file = dentry_open(&newmount, O_PATH, fc->cred); if (IS_ERR(file)) { dissolve_on_fput(newmount.mnt); ret = PTR_ERR(file); goto err_path; } file->f_mode |= FMODE_NEED_UNMOUNT; ret = get_unused_fd_flags((flags & FSMOUNT_CLOEXEC) ? O_CLOEXEC : 0); if (ret >= 0) fd_install(ret, file); else fput(file); err_path: path_put(&newmount); err_unlock: mutex_unlock(&fc->uapi_mutex); err_fsfd: fdput(f); return ret; } /* * Move a mount from one place to another. In combination with * fsopen()/fsmount() this is used to install a new mount and in combination * with open_tree(OPEN_TREE_CLONE [| AT_RECURSIVE]) it can be used to copy * a mount subtree. * * Note the flags value is a combination of MOVE_MOUNT_* flags. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(move_mount, int, from_dfd, const char __user *, from_pathname, int, to_dfd, const char __user *, to_pathname, unsigned int, flags) { struct path from_path, to_path; unsigned int lflags; int ret = 0; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; if (flags & ~MOVE_MOUNT__MASK) return -EINVAL; /* If someone gives a pathname, they aren't permitted to move * from an fd that requires unmount as we can't get at the flag * to clear it afterwards. */ lflags = 0; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_F_SYMLINKS) lflags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_F_AUTOMOUNTS) lflags |= LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_F_EMPTY_PATH) lflags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; ret = user_path_at(from_dfd, from_pathname, lflags, &from_path); if (ret < 0) return ret; lflags = 0; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_T_SYMLINKS) lflags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_T_AUTOMOUNTS) lflags |= LOOKUP_AUTOMOUNT; if (flags & MOVE_MOUNT_T_EMPTY_PATH) lflags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY; ret = user_path_at(to_dfd, to_pathname, lflags, &to_path); if (ret < 0) goto out_from; ret = security_move_mount(&from_path, &to_path); if (ret < 0) goto out_to; ret = do_move_mount(&from_path, &to_path); out_to: path_put(&to_path); out_from: path_put(&from_path); return ret; } /* * Return true if path is reachable from root * * namespace_sem or mount_lock is held */ bool is_path_reachable(struct mount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry, const struct path *root) { while (&mnt->mnt != root->mnt && mnt_has_parent(mnt)) { dentry = mnt->mnt_mountpoint; mnt = mnt->mnt_parent; } return &mnt->mnt == root->mnt && is_subdir(dentry, root->dentry); } bool path_is_under(const struct path *path1, const struct path *path2) { bool res; read_seqlock_excl(&mount_lock); res = is_path_reachable(real_mount(path1->mnt), path1->dentry, path2); read_sequnlock_excl(&mount_lock); return res; } EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_is_under); /* * pivot_root Semantics: * Moves the root file system of the current process to the directory put_old, * makes new_root as the new root file system of the current process, and sets * root/cwd of all processes which had them on the current root to new_root. * * Restrictions: * The new_root and put_old must be directories, and must not be on the * same file system as the current process root. The put_old must be * underneath new_root, i.e. adding a non-zero number of /.. to the string * pointed to by put_old must yield the same directory as new_root. No other * file system may be mounted on put_old. After all, new_root is a mountpoint. * * Also, the current root cannot be on the 'rootfs' (initial ramfs) filesystem. * See Documentation/filesystems/ramfs-rootfs-initramfs.rst for alternatives * in this situation. * * Notes: * - we don't move root/cwd if they are not at the root (reason: if something * cared enough to change them, it's probably wrong to force them elsewhere) * - it's okay to pick a root that isn't the root of a file system, e.g. * /nfs/my_root where /nfs is the mount point. It must be a mountpoint, * though, so you may need to say mount --bind /nfs/my_root /nfs/my_root * first. */ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(pivot_root, const char __user *, new_root, const char __user *, put_old) { struct path new, old, root; struct mount *new_mnt, *root_mnt, *old_mnt, *root_parent, *ex_parent; struct mountpoint *old_mp, *root_mp; int error; if (!may_mount()) return -EPERM; error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, new_root, LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &new); if (error) goto out0; error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, put_old, LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY, &old); if (error) goto out1; error = security_sb_pivotroot(&old, &new); if (error) goto out2; get_fs_root(current->fs, &root); old_mp = lock_mount(&old); error = PTR_ERR(old_mp); if (IS_ERR(old_mp)) goto out3; error = -EINVAL; new_mnt = real_mount(new.mnt); root_mnt = real_mount(root.mnt); old_mnt = real_mount(old.mnt); ex_parent = new_mnt->mnt_parent; root_parent = root_mnt->mnt_parent; if (IS_MNT_SHARED(old_mnt) || IS_MNT_SHARED(ex_parent) || IS_MNT_SHARED(root_parent)) goto out4; if (!check_mnt(root_mnt) || !check_mnt(new_mnt)) goto out4; if (new_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) goto out4; error = -ENOENT; if (d_unlinked(new.dentry)) goto out4; error = -EBUSY; if (new_mnt == root_mnt || old_mnt == root_mnt) goto out4; /* loop, on the same file system */ error = -EINVAL; if (root.mnt->mnt_root != root.dentry) goto out4; /* not a mountpoint */ if (!mnt_has_parent(root_mnt)) goto out4; /* not attached */ if (new.mnt->mnt_root != new.dentry) goto out4; /* not a mountpoint */ if (!mnt_has_parent(new_mnt)) goto out4; /* not attached */ /* make sure we can reach put_old from new_root */ if (!is_path_reachable(old_mnt, old.dentry, &new)) goto out4; /* make certain new is below the root */ if (!is_path_reachable(new_mnt, new.dentry, &root)) goto out4; lock_mount_hash(); umount_mnt(new_mnt); root_mp = unhash_mnt(root_mnt); /* we'll need its mountpoint */ if (root_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED) { new_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCKED; root_mnt->mnt.mnt_flags &= ~MNT_LOCKED; } /* mount old root on put_old */ attach_mnt(root_mnt, old_mnt, old_mp); /* mount new_root on / */ attach_mnt(new_mnt, root_parent, root_mp); mnt_add_count(root_parent, -1); touch_mnt_namespace(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns); /* A moved mount should not expire automatically */ list_del_init(&new_mnt->mnt_expire); put_mountpoint(root_mp); unlock_mount_hash(); chroot_fs_refs(&root, &new); error = 0; out4: unlock_mount(old_mp); if (!error) mntput_no_expire(ex_parent); out3: path_put(&root); out2: path_put(&old); out1: path_put(&new); out0: return error; } static void __init init_mount_tree(void) { struct vfsmount *mnt; struct mount *m; struct mnt_namespace *ns; struct path root; mnt = vfs_kern_mount(&rootfs_fs_type, 0, "rootfs", NULL); if (IS_ERR(mnt)) panic("Can't create rootfs"); ns = alloc_mnt_ns(&init_user_ns, false); if (IS_ERR(ns)) panic("Can't allocate initial namespace"); m = real_mount(mnt); m->mnt_ns = ns; ns->root = m; ns->mounts = 1; list_add(&m->mnt_list, &ns->list); init_task.nsproxy->mnt_ns = ns; get_mnt_ns(ns); root.mnt = mnt; root.dentry = mnt->mnt_root; mnt->mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCKED; set_fs_pwd(current->fs, &root); set_fs_root(current->fs, &root); } void __init mnt_init(void) { int err; mnt_cache = kmem_cache_create("mnt_cache", sizeof(struct mount), 0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_PANIC, NULL); mount_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Mount-cache", sizeof(struct hlist_head), mhash_entries, 19, HASH_ZERO, &m_hash_shift, &m_hash_mask, 0, 0); mountpoint_hashtable = alloc_large_system_hash("Mountpoint-cache", sizeof(struct hlist_head), mphash_entries, 19, HASH_ZERO, &mp_hash_shift, &mp_hash_mask, 0, 0); if (!mount_hashtable || !mountpoint_hashtable) panic("Failed to allocate mount hash table\n"); kernfs_init(); err = sysfs_init(); if (err) printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: sysfs_init error: %d\n", __func__, err); fs_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("fs", NULL); if (!fs_kobj) printk(KERN_WARNING "%s: kobj create error\n", __func__); shmem_init(); init_rootfs(); init_mount_tree(); } void put_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *ns) { if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&ns->count)) return; drop_collected_mounts(&ns->root->mnt); free_mnt_ns(ns); } struct vfsmount *kern_mount(struct file_system_type *type) { struct vfsmount *mnt; mnt = vfs_kern_mount(type, SB_KERNMOUNT, type->name, NULL); if (!IS_ERR(mnt)) { /* * it is a longterm mount, don't release mnt until * we unmount before file sys is unregistered */ real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns = MNT_NS_INTERNAL; } return mnt; } EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kern_mount); void kern_unmount(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* release long term mount so mount point can be released */ if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(mnt)) { real_mount(mnt)->mnt_ns = NULL; synchronize_rcu(); /* yecchhh... */ mntput(mnt); } } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_unmount); void kern_unmount_array(struct vfsmount *mnt[], unsigned int num) { unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < num; i++) if (mnt[i]) real_mount(mnt[i])->mnt_ns = NULL; synchronize_rcu_expedited(); for (i = 0; i < num; i++) mntput(mnt[i]); } EXPORT_SYMBOL(kern_unmount_array); bool our_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt) { return check_mnt(real_mount(mnt)); } bool current_chrooted(void) { /* Does the current process have a non-standard root */ struct path ns_root; struct path fs_root; bool chrooted; /* Find the namespace root */ ns_root.mnt = &current->nsproxy->mnt_ns->root->mnt; ns_root.dentry = ns_root.mnt->mnt_root; path_get(&ns_root); while (d_mountpoint(ns_root.dentry) && follow_down_one(&ns_root)) ; get_fs_root(current->fs, &fs_root); chrooted = !path_equal(&fs_root, &ns_root); path_put(&fs_root); path_put(&ns_root); return chrooted; } static bool mnt_already_visible(struct mnt_namespace *ns, const struct super_block *sb, int *new_mnt_flags) { int new_flags = *new_mnt_flags; struct mount *mnt; bool visible = false; down_read(&namespace_sem); lock_ns_list(ns); list_for_each_entry(mnt, &ns->list, mnt_list) { struct mount *child; int mnt_flags; if (mnt_is_cursor(mnt)) continue; if (mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_type != sb->s_type) continue; /* This mount is not fully visible if it's root directory * is not the root directory of the filesystem. */ if (mnt->mnt.mnt_root != mnt->mnt.mnt_sb->s_root) continue; /* A local view of the mount flags */ mnt_flags = mnt->mnt.mnt_flags; /* Don't miss readonly hidden in the superblock flags */ if (sb_rdonly(mnt->mnt.mnt_sb)) mnt_flags |= MNT_LOCK_READONLY; /* Verify the mount flags are equal to or more permissive * than the proposed new mount. */ if ((mnt_flags & MNT_LOCK_READONLY) && !(new_flags & MNT_READONLY)) continue; if ((mnt_flags & MNT_LOCK_ATIME) && ((mnt_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK) != (new_flags & MNT_ATIME_MASK))) continue; /* This mount is not fully visible if there are any * locked child mounts that cover anything except for * empty directories. */ list_for_each_entry(child, &mnt->mnt_mounts, mnt_child) { struct inode *inode = child->mnt_mountpoint->d_inode; /* Only worry about locked mounts */ if (!(child->mnt.mnt_flags & MNT_LOCKED)) continue; /* Is the directory permanetly empty? */ if (!is_empty_dir_inode(inode)) goto next; } /* Preserve the locked attributes */ *new_mnt_flags |= mnt_flags & (MNT_LOCK_READONLY | \ MNT_LOCK_ATIME); visible = true; goto found; next: ; } found: unlock_ns_list(ns); up_read(&namespace_sem); return visible; } static bool mount_too_revealing(const struct super_block *sb, int *new_mnt_flags) { const unsigned long required_iflags = SB_I_NOEXEC | SB_I_NODEV; struct mnt_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->mnt_ns; unsigned long s_iflags; if (ns->user_ns == &init_user_ns) return false; /* Can this filesystem be too revealing? */ s_iflags = sb->s_iflags; if (!(s_iflags & SB_I_USERNS_VISIBLE)) return false; if ((s_iflags & required_iflags) != required_iflags) { WARN_ONCE(1, "Expected s_iflags to contain 0x%lx\n", required_iflags); return true; } return !mnt_already_visible(ns, sb, new_mnt_flags); } bool mnt_may_suid(struct vfsmount *mnt) { /* * Foreign mounts (accessed via fchdir or through /proc * symlinks) are always treated as if they are nosuid. This * prevents namespaces from trusting potentially unsafe * suid/sgid bits, file caps, or security labels that originate * in other namespaces. */ return !(mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NOSUID) && check_mnt(real_mount(mnt)) && current_in_userns(mnt->mnt_sb->s_user_ns); } static struct ns_common *mntns_get(struct task_struct *task) { struct ns_common *ns = NULL; struct nsproxy *nsproxy; task_lock(task); nsproxy = task->nsproxy; if (nsproxy) { ns = &nsproxy->mnt_ns->ns; get_mnt_ns(to_mnt_ns(ns)); } task_unlock(task); return ns; } static void mntns_put(struct ns_common *ns) { put_mnt_ns(to_mnt_ns(ns)); } static int mntns_install(struct nsset *nsset, struct ns_common *ns) { struct nsproxy *nsproxy = nsset->nsproxy; struct fs_struct *fs = nsset->fs; struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns = to_mnt_ns(ns), *old_mnt_ns; struct user_namespace *user_ns = nsset->cred->user_ns; struct path root; int err; if (!ns_capable(mnt_ns->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN) || !ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_CHROOT) || !ns_capable(user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) return -EPERM; if (is_anon_ns(mnt_ns)) return -EINVAL; if (fs->users != 1) return -EINVAL; get_mnt_ns(mnt_ns); old_mnt_ns = nsproxy->mnt_ns; nsproxy->mnt_ns = mnt_ns; /* Find the root */ err = vfs_path_lookup(mnt_ns->root->mnt.mnt_root, &mnt_ns->root->mnt, "/", LOOKUP_DOWN, &root); if (err) { /* revert to old namespace */ nsproxy->mnt_ns = old_mnt_ns; put_mnt_ns(mnt_ns); return err; } put_mnt_ns(old_mnt_ns); /* Update the pwd and root */ set_fs_pwd(fs, &root); set_fs_root(fs, &root); path_put(&root); return 0; } static struct user_namespace *mntns_owner(struct ns_common *ns) { return to_mnt_ns(ns)->user_ns; } const struct proc_ns_operations mntns_operations = { .name = "mnt", .type = CLONE_NEWNS, .get = mntns_get, .put = mntns_put, .install = mntns_install, .owner = mntns_owner, };
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_64_H #define _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_64_H #include <linux/const.h> #include <asm/pgtable_64_types.h> #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__ /* * This file contains the functions and defines necessary to modify and use * the x86-64 page table tree. */ #include <asm/processor.h> #include <linux/bitops.h> #include <linux/threads.h> #include <asm/fixmap.h> extern p4d_t level4_kernel_pgt[512]; extern p4d_t level4_ident_pgt[512]; extern pud_t level3_kernel_pgt[512]; extern pud_t level3_ident_pgt[512]; extern pmd_t level2_kernel_pgt[512]; extern pmd_t level2_fixmap_pgt[512]; extern pmd_t level2_ident_pgt[512]; extern pte_t level1_fixmap_pgt[512 * FIXMAP_PMD_NUM]; extern pgd_t init_top_pgt[]; #define swapper_pg_dir init_top_pgt extern void paging_init(void); static inline void sync_initial_page_table(void) { } #define pte_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad pte %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), pte_val(e)) #define pmd_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad pmd %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), pmd_val(e)) #define pud_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad pud %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), pud_val(e)) #if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS >= 5 #define p4d_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad p4d %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), p4d_val(e)) #endif #define pgd_ERROR(e) \ pr_err("%s:%d: bad pgd %p(%016lx)\n", \ __FILE__, __LINE__, &(e), pgd_val(e)) struct mm_struct; #define mm_p4d_folded mm_p4d_folded static inline bool mm_p4d_folded(struct mm_struct *mm) { return !pgtable_l5_enabled(); } void set_pte_vaddr_p4d(p4d_t *p4d_page, unsigned long vaddr, pte_t new_pte); void set_pte_vaddr_pud(pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long vaddr, pte_t new_pte); static inline void native_set_pte(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { WRITE_ONCE(*ptep, pte); } static inline void native_pte_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pte_t *ptep) { native_set_pte(ptep, native_make_pte(0)); } static inline void native_set_pte_atomic(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte) { native_set_pte(ptep, pte); } static inline void native_set_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmd) { WRITE_ONCE(*pmdp, pmd); } static inline void native_pmd_clear(pmd_t *pmd) { native_set_pmd(pmd, native_make_pmd(0)); } static inline pte_t native_ptep_get_and_clear(pte_t *xp) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return native_make_pte(xchg(&xp->pte, 0)); #else /* native_local_ptep_get_and_clear, but duplicated because of cyclic dependency */ pte_t ret = *xp; native_pte_clear(NULL, 0, xp); return ret; #endif } static inline pmd_t native_pmdp_get_and_clear(pmd_t *xp) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return native_make_pmd(xchg(&xp->pmd, 0)); #else /* native_local_pmdp_get_and_clear, but duplicated because of cyclic dependency */ pmd_t ret = *xp; native_pmd_clear(xp); return ret; #endif } static inline void native_set_pud(pud_t *pudp, pud_t pud) { WRITE_ONCE(*pudp, pud); } static inline void native_pud_clear(pud_t *pud) { native_set_pud(pud, native_make_pud(0)); } static inline pud_t native_pudp_get_and_clear(pud_t *xp) { #ifdef CONFIG_SMP return native_make_pud(xchg(&xp->pud, 0)); #else /* native_local_pudp_get_and_clear, * but duplicated because of cyclic dependency */ pud_t ret = *xp; native_pud_clear(xp); return ret; #endif } static inline void native_set_p4d(p4d_t *p4dp, p4d_t p4d) { pgd_t pgd; if (pgtable_l5_enabled() || !IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION)) { WRITE_ONCE(*p4dp, p4d); return; } pgd = native_make_pgd(native_p4d_val(p4d)); pgd = pti_set_user_pgtbl((pgd_t *)p4dp, pgd); WRITE_ONCE(*p4dp, native_make_p4d(native_pgd_val(pgd))); } static inline void native_p4d_clear(p4d_t *p4d) { native_set_p4d(p4d, native_make_p4d(0)); } static inline void native_set_pgd(pgd_t *pgdp, pgd_t pgd) { WRITE_ONCE(*pgdp, pti_set_user_pgtbl(pgdp, pgd)); } static inline void native_pgd_clear(pgd_t *pgd) { native_set_pgd(pgd, native_make_pgd(0)); } /* * Conversion functions: convert a page and protection to a page entry, * and a page entry and page directory to the page they refer to. */ /* PGD - Level 4 access */ /* PUD - Level 3 access */ /* PMD - Level 2 access */ /* PTE - Level 1 access */ /* * Encode and de-code a swap entry * * | ... | 11| 10| 9|8|7|6|5| 4| 3|2| 1|0| <- bit number * | ... |SW3|SW2|SW1|G|L|D|A|CD|WT|U| W|P| <- bit names * | TYPE (59-63) | ~OFFSET (9-58) |0|0|X|X| X| X|F|SD|0| <- swp entry * * G (8) is aliased and used as a PROT_NONE indicator for * !present ptes. We need to start storing swap entries above * there. We also need to avoid using A and D because of an * erratum where they can be incorrectly set by hardware on * non-present PTEs. * * SD Bits 1-4 are not used in non-present format and available for * special use described below: * * SD (1) in swp entry is used to store soft dirty bit, which helps us * remember soft dirty over page migration * * F (2) in swp entry is used to record when a pagetable is * writeprotected by userfaultfd WP support. * * Bit 7 in swp entry should be 0 because pmd_present checks not only P, * but also L and G. * * The offset is inverted by a binary not operation to make the high * physical bits set. */ #define SWP_TYPE_BITS 5 #define SWP_OFFSET_FIRST_BIT (_PAGE_BIT_PROTNONE + 1) /* We always extract/encode the offset by shifting it all the way up, and then down again */ #define SWP_OFFSET_SHIFT (SWP_OFFSET_FIRST_BIT+SWP_TYPE_BITS) #define MAX_SWAPFILES_CHECK() BUILD_BUG_ON(MAX_SWAPFILES_SHIFT > SWP_TYPE_BITS) /* Extract the high bits for type */ #define __swp_type(x) ((x).val >> (64 - SWP_TYPE_BITS)) /* Shift up (to get rid of type), then down to get value */ #define __swp_offset(x) (~(x).val << SWP_TYPE_BITS >> SWP_OFFSET_SHIFT) /* * Shift the offset up "too far" by TYPE bits, then down again * The offset is inverted by a binary not operation to make the high * physical bits set. */ #define __swp_entry(type, offset) ((swp_entry_t) { \ (~(unsigned long)(offset) << SWP_OFFSET_SHIFT >> SWP_TYPE_BITS) \ | ((unsigned long)(type) << (64-SWP_TYPE_BITS)) }) #define __pte_to_swp_entry(pte) ((swp_entry_t) { pte_val((pte)) }) #define __pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd) ((swp_entry_t) { pmd_val((pmd)) }) #define __swp_entry_to_pte(x) ((pte_t) { .pte = (x).val }) #define __swp_entry_to_pmd(x) ((pmd_t) { .pmd = (x).val }) extern int kern_addr_valid(unsigned long addr); extern void cleanup_highmap(void); #define HAVE_ARCH_UNMAPPED_AREA #define HAVE_ARCH_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN #define PAGE_AGP PAGE_KERNEL_NOCACHE #define HAVE_PAGE_AGP 1 /* fs/proc/kcore.c */ #define kc_vaddr_to_offset(v) ((v) & __VIRTUAL_MASK) #define kc_offset_to_vaddr(o) ((o) | ~__VIRTUAL_MASK) #define __HAVE_ARCH_PTE_SAME #define vmemmap ((struct page *)VMEMMAP_START) extern void init_extra_mapping_uc(unsigned long phys, unsigned long size); extern void init_extra_mapping_wb(unsigned long phys, unsigned long size); #define gup_fast_permitted gup_fast_permitted static inline bool gup_fast_permitted(unsigned long start, unsigned long end) { if (end >> __VIRTUAL_MASK_SHIFT) return false; return true; } #include <asm/pgtable-invert.h> #endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */ #endif /* _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_64_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 #ifndef _LINUX_SCHED_ISOLATION_H #define _LINUX_SCHED_ISOLATION_H #include <linux/cpumask.h> #include <linux/init.h> #include <linux/tick.h> enum hk_flags { HK_FLAG_TIMER = 1, HK_FLAG_RCU = (1 << 1), HK_FLAG_MISC = (1 << 2), HK_FLAG_SCHED = (1 << 3), HK_FLAG_TICK = (1 << 4), HK_FLAG_DOMAIN = (1 << 5), HK_FLAG_WQ = (1 << 6), HK_FLAG_MANAGED_IRQ = (1 << 7), HK_FLAG_KTHREAD = (1 << 8), }; #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_ISOLATION DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(housekeeping_overridden); extern int housekeeping_any_cpu(enum hk_flags flags); extern const struct cpumask *housekeeping_cpumask(enum hk_flags flags); extern bool housekeeping_enabled(enum hk_flags flags); extern void housekeeping_affine(struct task_struct *t, enum hk_flags flags); extern bool housekeeping_test_cpu(int cpu, enum hk_flags flags); extern void __init housekeeping_init(void); #else static inline int housekeeping_any_cpu(enum hk_flags flags) { return smp_processor_id(); } static inline const struct cpumask *housekeeping_cpumask(enum hk_flags flags) { return cpu_possible_mask; } static inline bool housekeeping_enabled(enum hk_flags flags) { return false; } static inline void housekeeping_affine(struct task_struct *t, enum hk_flags flags) { } static inline void housekeeping_init(void) { } #endif /* CONFIG_CPU_ISOLATION */ static inline bool housekeeping_cpu(int cpu, enum hk_flags flags) { #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_ISOLATION if (static_branch_unlikely(&housekeeping_overridden)) return housekeeping_test_cpu(cpu, flags); #endif return true; } #endif /* _LINUX_SCHED_ISOLATION_H */
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __NET_RTNH_H #define __NET_RTNH_H #include <linux/rtnetlink.h> #include <net/netlink.h> static inline int rtnh_ok(const struct rtnexthop *rtnh, int remaining) { return remaining >= (int)sizeof(*rtnh) && rtnh->rtnh_len >= sizeof(*rtnh) && rtnh->rtnh_len <= remaining; } static inline struct rtnexthop *rtnh_next(const struct rtnexthop *rtnh, int *remaining) { int totlen = NLA_ALIGN(rtnh->rtnh_len); *remaining -= totlen; return (struct rtnexthop *) ((char *) rtnh + totlen); } static inline struct nlattr *rtnh_attrs(const struct rtnexthop *rtnh) { return (struct nlattr *) ((char *) rtnh + NLA_ALIGN(sizeof(*rtnh))); } static inline int rtnh_attrlen(const struct rtnexthop *rtnh) { return rtnh->rtnh_len - NLA_ALIGN(sizeof(*rtnh)); } #endif
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */ #ifndef __PROCFS_FD_H__ #define __PROCFS_FD_H__ #include <linux/fs.h> extern const struct file_operations proc_fd_operations; extern const struct inode_operations proc_fd_inode_operations; extern const struct file_operations proc_fdinfo_operations; extern const struct inode_operations proc_fdinfo_inode_operations; extern int proc_fd_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask); static inline unsigned int proc_fd(struct inode *inode) { return PROC_I(inode)->fd; } #endif /* __PROCFS_FD_H__ */
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2621 2622 2623 2624 2625 2626 2627 2628 2629 2630 2631 2632 2633 2634 2635 2636 2637 2638 2639 2640 2641 2642 2643 2644 2645 2646 2647 2648 2649 2650 2651 2652 2653 2654 2655 2656 2657 2658 2659 2660 2661 2662 2663 2664 2665 2666 2667 2668 2669 2670 2671 2672 2673 2674 2675 2676 2677 2678 2679 2680 2681 2682 2683 2684 2685 2686 2687 2688 2689 2690 2691 2692 2693 2694 2695 2696 2697 2698 2699 2700 2701 2702 2703 2704 2705 2706 2707 2708 /* auditsc.c -- System-call auditing support * Handles all system-call specific auditing features. * * Copyright 2003-2004 Red Hat Inc., Durham, North Carolina. * Copyright 2005 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. * Copyright (C) 2005, 2006 IBM Corporation * All Rights Reserved. * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or * (at your option) any later version. * * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the * GNU General Public License for more details. * * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA * * Written by Rickard E. (Rik) Faith <faith@redhat.com> * * Many of the ideas implemented here are from Stephen C. Tweedie, * especially the idea of avoiding a copy by using getname. * * The method for actual interception of syscall entry and exit (not in * this file -- see entry.S) is based on a GPL'd patch written by * okir@suse.de and Copyright 2003 SuSE Linux AG. * * POSIX message queue support added by George Wilson <ltcgcw@us.ibm.com>, * 2006. * * The support of additional filter rules compares (>, <, >=, <=) was * added by Dustin Kirkland <dustin.kirkland@us.ibm.com>, 2005. * * Modified by Amy Griffis <amy.griffis@hp.com> to collect additional * filesystem information. * * Subject and object context labeling support added by <danjones@us.ibm.com> * and <dustin.kirkland@us.ibm.com> for LSPP certification compliance. */ #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt #include <linux/init.h> #include <asm/types.h> #include <linux/atomic.h> #include <linux/fs.h> #include <linux/namei.h> #include <linux/mm.h> #include <linux/export.h> #include <linux/slab.h> #include <linux/mount.h> #include <linux/socket.h> #include <linux/mqueue.h> #include <linux/audit.h> #include <linux/personality.h> #include <linux/time.h> #include <linux/netlink.h> #include <linux/compiler.h> #include <asm/unistd.h> #include <linux/security.h> #include <linux/list.h> #include <linux/binfmts.h> #include <linux/highmem.h> #include <linux/syscalls.h> #include <asm/syscall.h> #include <linux/capability.h> #include <linux/fs_struct.h> #include <linux/compat.h> #include <linux/ctype.h> #include <linux/string.h> #include <linux/uaccess.h> #include <linux/fsnotify_backend.h> #include <uapi/linux/limits.h> #include <uapi/linux/netfilter/nf_tables.h> #include "audit.h" /* flags stating the success for a syscall */ #define AUDITSC_INVALID 0 #define AUDITSC_SUCCESS 1 #define AUDITSC_FAILURE 2 /* no execve audit message should be longer than this (userspace limits), * see the note near the top of audit_log_execve_info() about this value */ #define MAX_EXECVE_AUDIT_LEN 7500 /* max length to print of cmdline/proctitle value during audit */ #define MAX_PROCTITLE_AUDIT_LEN 128 /* number of audit rules */ int audit_n_rules; /* determines whether we collect data for signals sent */ int audit_signals; struct audit_aux_data { struct audit_aux_data *next; int type; }; #define AUDIT_AUX_IPCPERM 0 /* Number of target pids per aux struct. */ #define AUDIT_AUX_PIDS 16 struct audit_aux_data_pids { struct audit_aux_data d; pid_t target_pid[AUDIT_AUX_PIDS]; kuid_t target_auid[AUDIT_AUX_PIDS]; kuid_t target_uid[AUDIT_AUX_PIDS]; unsigned int target_sessionid[AUDIT_AUX_PIDS]; u32 target_sid[AUDIT_AUX_PIDS]; char target_comm[AUDIT_AUX_PIDS][TASK_COMM_LEN]; int pid_count; }; struct audit_aux_data_bprm_fcaps { struct audit_aux_data d; struct audit_cap_data fcap; unsigned int fcap_ver; struct audit_cap_data old_pcap; struct audit_cap_data new_pcap; }; struct audit_tree_refs { struct audit_tree_refs *next; struct audit_chunk *c[31]; }; struct audit_nfcfgop_tab { enum audit_nfcfgop op; const char *s; }; static const struct audit_nfcfgop_tab audit_nfcfgs[] = { { AUDIT_XT_OP_REGISTER, "xt_register" }, { AUDIT_XT_OP_REPLACE, "xt_replace" }, { AUDIT_XT_OP_UNREGISTER, "xt_unregister" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_TABLE_REGISTER, "nft_register_table" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_TABLE_UNREGISTER, "nft_unregister_table" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_CHAIN_REGISTER, "nft_register_chain" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_CHAIN_UNREGISTER, "nft_unregister_chain" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_RULE_REGISTER, "nft_register_rule" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_RULE_UNREGISTER, "nft_unregister_rule" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_SET_REGISTER, "nft_register_set" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_SET_UNREGISTER, "nft_unregister_set" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_SETELEM_REGISTER, "nft_register_setelem" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_SETELEM_UNREGISTER, "nft_unregister_setelem" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_GEN_REGISTER, "nft_register_gen" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_REGISTER, "nft_register_obj" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_UNREGISTER, "nft_unregister_obj" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_OBJ_RESET, "nft_reset_obj" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_FLOWTABLE_REGISTER, "nft_register_flowtable" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_FLOWTABLE_UNREGISTER, "nft_unregister_flowtable" }, { AUDIT_NFT_OP_INVALID, "nft_invalid" }, }; static int audit_match_perm(struct audit_context *ctx, int mask) { unsigned n; if (unlikely(!ctx)) return 0; n = ctx->major; switch (audit_classify_syscall(ctx->arch, n)) { case 0: /* native */ if ((mask & AUDIT_PERM_WRITE) && audit_match_class(AUDIT_CLASS_WRITE, n)) return 1; if ((mask & AUDIT_PERM_READ) && audit_match_class(AUDIT_CLASS_READ, n)) return 1; if ((mask & AUDIT_PERM_ATTR) && audit_match_class(AUDIT_CLASS_CHATTR, n)) return 1; return 0; case 1: /* 32bit on biarch */ if ((mask & AUDIT_PERM_WRITE) && audit_match_class(AUDIT_CLASS_WRITE_32, n)) return 1; if ((mask & AUDIT_PERM_READ) && audit_match_class(AUDIT_CLASS_READ_32, n)) return 1; if ((mask & AUDIT_PERM_ATTR) && audit_match_class(AUDIT_CLASS_CHATTR_32, n)) return 1; return 0; case 2: /* open */ return mask & ACC_MODE(ctx->argv[1]); case 3: /* openat */ return mask & ACC_MODE(ctx->argv[2]); case 4: /* socketcall */ return ((mask & AUDIT_PERM_WRITE) && ctx->argv[0] == SYS_BIND); case 5: /* execve */ return mask & AUDIT_PERM_EXEC; default: return 0; } } static int audit_match_filetype(struct audit_context *ctx, int val) { struct audit_names *n; umode_t mode = (umode_t)val; if (unlikely(!ctx)) return 0; list_for_each_entry(n, &ctx->names_list, list) { if ((n->ino != AUDIT_INO_UNSET) && ((n->mode & S_IFMT) == mode)) return 1; } return 0; } /* * We keep a linked list of fixed-sized (31 pointer) arrays of audit_chunk *; * ->first_trees points to its beginning, ->trees - to the current end of data. * ->tree_count is the number of free entries in array pointed to by ->trees. * Original condition is (NULL, NULL, 0); as soon as it grows we never revert to NULL, * "empty" becomes (p, p, 31) afterwards. We don't shrink the list (and seriously, * it's going to remain 1-element for almost any setup) until we free context itself. * References in it _are_ dropped - at the same time we free/drop aux stuff. */ static void audit_set_auditable(struct audit_context *ctx) { if (!ctx->prio) { ctx->prio = 1; ctx->current_state = AUDIT_RECORD_CONTEXT; } } static int put_tree_ref(struct audit_context *ctx, struct audit_chunk *chunk) { struct audit_tree_refs *p = ctx->trees; int left = ctx->tree_count; if (likely(left)) { p->c[--left] = chunk; ctx->tree_count = left; return 1; } if (!p) return 0; p = p->next; if (p) { p->c[30] = chunk; ctx->trees = p; ctx->tree_count = 30; return 1; } return 0; } static int grow_tree_refs(struct audit_context *ctx) { struct audit_tree_refs *p = ctx->trees; ctx->trees = kzalloc(sizeof(struct audit_tree_refs), GFP_KERNEL); if (!ctx->trees) { ctx->trees = p; return 0; } if (p) p->next = ctx->trees; else ctx->first_trees = ctx->trees; ctx->tree_count = 31; return 1; } static void unroll_tree_refs(struct audit_context *ctx, struct audit_tree_refs *p, int count) { struct audit_tree_refs *q; int n; if (!p) { /* we started with empty chain */ p = ctx->first_trees; count = 31; /* if the very first allocation has failed, nothing to do */ if (!p) return; } n = count; for (q = p; q != ctx->trees; q = q->next, n = 31) { while (n--) { audit_put_chunk(q->c[n]); q->c[n] = NULL; } } while (n-- > ctx->tree_count) { audit_put_chunk(q->c[n]); q->c[n] = NULL; } ctx->trees = p; ctx->tree_count = count; } static void free_tree_refs(struct audit_context *ctx) { struct audit_tree_refs *p, *q; for (p = ctx->first_trees; p; p = q) { q = p->next; kfree(p); } } static int match_tree_refs(struct audit_context *ctx, struct audit_tree *tree) { struct audit_tree_refs *p; int n; if (!tree) return 0; /* full ones */ for (p = ctx->first_trees; p != ctx->trees; p = p->next) { for (n = 0; n < 31; n++) if (audit_tree_match(p->c[n], tree)) return 1; } /* partial */ if (p) { for (n = ctx->tree_count; n < 31; n++) if (audit_tree_match(p->c[n], tree)) return 1; } return 0; } static int audit_compare_uid(kuid_t uid, struct audit_names *name, struct audit_field *f, struct audit_context *ctx) { struct audit_names *n; int rc; if (name) { rc = audit_uid_comparator(uid, f->op, name->uid); if (rc) return rc; } if (ctx) { list_for_each_entry(n, &ctx->names_list, list) { rc = audit_uid_comparator(uid, f->op, n->uid); if (rc) return rc; } } return 0; } static int audit_compare_gid(kgid_t gid, struct audit_names *name, struct audit_field *f, struct audit_context *ctx) { struct audit_names *n; int rc; if (name) { rc = audit_gid_comparator(gid, f->op, name->gid); if (rc) return rc; } if (ctx) { list_for_each_entry(n, &ctx->names_list, list) { rc = audit_gid_comparator(gid, f->op, n->gid); if (rc) return rc; } } return 0; } static int audit_field_compare(struct task_struct *tsk, const struct cred *cred, struct audit_field *f, struct audit_context *ctx, struct audit_names *name) { switch (f->val) { /* process to file object comparisons */ case AUDIT_COMPARE_UID_TO_OBJ_UID: return audit_compare_uid(cred->uid, name, f, ctx); case AUDIT_COMPARE_GID_TO_OBJ_GID: return audit_compare_gid(cred->gid, name, f, ctx); case AUDIT_COMPARE_EUID_TO_OBJ_UID: return audit_compare_uid(cred->euid, name, f, ctx); case AUDIT_COMPARE_EGID_TO_OBJ_GID: return audit_compare_gid(cred->egid, name, f, ctx); case AUDIT_COMPARE_AUID_TO_OBJ_UID: return audit_compare_uid(audit_get_loginuid(tsk), name, f, ctx); case AUDIT_COMPARE_SUID_TO_OBJ_UID: return audit_compare_uid(cred->suid, name, f, ctx); case AUDIT_COMPARE_SGID_TO_OBJ_GID: return audit_compare_gid(cred->sgid, name, f, ctx); case AUDIT_COMPARE_FSUID_TO_OBJ_UID: return audit_compare_uid(cred->fsuid, name, f, ctx); case AUDIT_COMPARE_FSGID_TO_OBJ_GID: return audit_compare_gid(cred->fsgid, name, f, ctx); /* uid comparisons */ case AUDIT_COMPARE_UID_TO_AUID: return audit_uid_comparator(cred->uid, f->op, audit_get_loginuid(tsk)); case AUDIT_COMPARE_UID_TO_EUID: return audit_uid_comparator(cred->uid, f->op, cred->euid); case AUDIT_COMPARE_UID_TO_SUID: return audit_uid_comparator(cred->uid, f->op, cred->suid); case AUDIT_COMPARE_UID_TO_FSUID: return audit_uid_comparator(cred->uid, f->op, cred->fsuid); /* auid comparisons */ case AUDIT_COMPARE_AUID_TO_EUID: return audit_uid_comparator(audit_get_loginuid(tsk), f->op, cred->euid); case AUDIT_COMPARE_AUID_TO_SUID: return audit_uid_comparator(audit_get_loginuid(tsk), f->op, cred->suid); case AUDIT_COMPARE_AUID_TO_FSUID: return audit_uid_comparator(audit_get_loginuid(tsk), f->op, cred->fsuid); /* euid comparisons */ case AUDIT_COMPARE_EUID_TO_SUID: return audit_uid_comparator(cred->euid, f->op, cred->suid); case AUDIT_COMPARE_EUID_TO_FSUID: return audit_uid_comparator(cred->euid, f->op, cred->fsuid); /* suid comparisons */ case AUDIT_COMPARE_SUID_TO_FSUID: return audit_uid_comparator(cred->suid, f->op, cred->fsuid); /* gid comparisons */ case AUDIT_COMPARE_GID_TO_EGID: return audit_gid_comparator(cred->gid, f->op, cred->egid); case AUDIT_COMPARE_GID_TO_SGID: return audit_gid_comparator(cred->gid, f->op, cred->sgid); case AUDIT_COMPARE_GID_TO_FSGID: return audit_gid_comparator(cred->gid, f->op, cred->fsgid); /* egid comparisons */ case AUDIT_COMPARE_EGID_TO_SGID: return audit_gid_comparator(cred->egid, f->op, cred->sgid); case AUDIT_COMPARE_EGID_TO_FSGID: return audit_gid_comparator(cred->egid, f->op, cred->fsgid); /* sgid comparison */ case AUDIT_COMPARE_SGID_TO_FSGID: return audit_gid_comparator(cred->sgid, f->op, cred->fsgid); default: WARN(1, "Missing AUDIT_COMPARE define. Report as a bug\n"); return 0; } return 0; } /* Determine if any context name data matches a rule's watch data */ /* Compare a task_struct with an audit_rule. Return 1 on match, 0 * otherwise. * * If task_creation is true, this is an explicit indication that we are * filtering a task rule at task creation time. This and tsk == current are * the only situations where tsk->cred may be accessed without an rcu read lock. */ static int audit_filter_rules(struct task_struct *tsk, struct audit_krule *rule, struct audit_context *ctx, struct audit_names *name, enum audit_state *state, bool task_creation) { const struct cred *cred; int i, need_sid = 1; u32 sid; unsigned int sessionid; cred = rcu_dereference_check(tsk->cred, tsk == current || task_creation); for (i = 0; i < rule->field_count; i++) { struct audit_field *f = &rule->fields[i]; struct audit_names *n; int result = 0; pid_t pid; switch (f->type) { case AUDIT_PID: pid = task_tgid_nr(tsk); result = audit_comparator(pid, f->op, f->val); break; case AUDIT_PPID: if (ctx) { if (!ctx->ppid) ctx->ppid = task_ppid_nr(tsk); result = audit_comparator(ctx->ppid, f->op, f->val); } break; case AUDIT_EXE: result = audit_exe_compare(tsk, rule->exe); if (f->op == Audit_not_equal) result = !result; break; case AUDIT_UID: result = audit_uid_comparator(cred->uid, f->op, f->uid); break; case AUDIT_EUID: result = audit_uid_comparator(cred->euid, f->op, f->uid); break; case AUDIT_SUID: result = audit_uid_comparator(cred->suid, f->op, f->uid); break; case AUDIT_FSUID: result = audit_uid_comparator(cred->fsuid, f->op, f->uid); break; case AUDIT_GID: result = audit_gid_comparator(cred->gid, f->op, f->gid); if (f->op == Audit_equal) { if (!result) result = groups_search(cred->group_info, f->gid); } else if (f->op == Audit_not_equal) { if (result) result = !groups_search(cred->group_info, f->gid); } break; case AUDIT_EGID: result = audit_gid_comparator(cred->egid, f->op, f->gid); if (f->op == Audit_equal) { if (!result) result = groups_search(cred->group_info, f->gid); } else if (f->op == Audit_not_equal) { if (result) result = !groups_search(cred->group_info, f->gid); } break; case AUDIT_SGID: result = audit_gid_comparator(cred->sgid, f->op, f->gid); break; case AUDIT_FSGID: result = audit_gid_comparator(cred->fsgid, f->op, f->gid); break; case AUDIT_SESSIONID: sessionid = audit_get_sessionid(tsk); result = audit_comparator(sessionid, f->op, f->val); break; case AUDIT_PERS: result = audit_comparator(tsk->personality, f->op, f->val); break; case AUDIT_ARCH: if (ctx) result = audit_comparator(ctx->arch, f->op, f->val); break; case AUDIT_EXIT: if (ctx && ctx->return_valid) result = audit_comparator(ctx->return_code, f->op, f->val); break; case AUDIT_SUCCESS: if (ctx && ctx->return_valid) { if (f->val) result = audit_comparator(ctx->return_valid, f->op, AUDITSC_SUCCESS); else result = audit_comparator(ctx->return_valid, f->op, AUDITSC_FAILURE); } break; case AUDIT_DEVMAJOR: if (name) { if (audit_comparator(MAJOR(name->dev), f->op, f->val) || audit_comparator(MAJOR(name->rdev), f->op, f->val)) ++result; } else if (ctx) { list_for_each_entry(n, &ctx->names_list, list) { if (audit_comparator(MAJOR(n->dev), f->op, f->val) || audit_comparator(MAJOR(n->rdev), f->op, f->val)) { ++result; break; } } } break; case AUDIT_DEVMINOR: if (name) { if (audit_comparator(MINOR(name->dev), f->op, f->val) || audit_comparator(MINOR(name->rdev), f->op, f->val)) ++result; } else if (ctx) { list_for_each_entry(n, &ctx->names_list, list) { if (audit_comparator(MINOR(n->dev), f->op, f->val) || audit_comparator(MINOR(n->rdev), f->op, f->val)) { ++result; break; } } } break; case AUDIT_INODE: if (name) result = audit_comparator(name->ino, f->op, f->val); else if (ctx) { list_for_each_entry(n, &ctx->names_list, list) { if (audit_comparator(n->ino, f->op, f->val)) { ++result; break; } } } break; case AUDIT_OBJ_UID: if (name) { result = audit_uid_comparator(name->uid, f->op, f->uid); } else if (ctx) { list_for_each_entry(n, &ctx->names_list, list) { if (audit_uid_comparator(n->uid, f->op, f->uid)) { ++result; break; } } } break; case AUDIT_OBJ_GID: if (name) { result = audit_gid_comparator(name->gid, f->op, f->gid); } else if (ctx) { list_for_each_entry(n, &ctx->names_list, list) { if (audit_gid_comparator(n->gid, f->op, f->gid)) { ++result; break; } } } break; case AUDIT_WATCH: if (name) { result = audit_watch_compare(rule->watch, name->ino, name->dev); if (f->op == Audit_not_equal) result = !result; } break; case AUDIT_DIR: if (ctx) { result = match_tree_refs(ctx, rule->tree); if (f->op == Audit_not_equal) result = !result; } break; case AUDIT_LOGINUID: result = audit_uid_comparator(audit_get_loginuid(tsk), f->op, f->uid); break; case AUDIT_LOGINUID_SET: result = audit_comparator(audit_loginuid_set(tsk), f->op, f->val); break; case AUDIT_SADDR_FAM: if (ctx && ctx->sockaddr) result = audit_comparator(ctx->sockaddr->ss_family, f->op, f->val); break; case AUDIT_SUBJ_USER: case AUDIT_SUBJ_ROLE: case AUDIT_SUBJ_TYPE: case AUDIT_SUBJ_SEN: case AUDIT_SUBJ_CLR: /* NOTE: this may return negative values indicating a temporary error. We simply treat this as a match for now to avoid losing information that may be wanted. An error message will also be logged upon error */ if (f->lsm_rule) { if (need_sid) { security_task_getsecid(tsk, &sid); need_sid = 0; } result = security_audit_rule_match(sid, f->type, f->op, f->lsm_rule); } break; case AUDIT_OBJ_USER: case AUDIT_OBJ_ROLE: case AUDIT_OBJ_TYPE: case AUDIT_OBJ_LEV_LOW: case AUDIT_OBJ_LEV_HIGH: /* The above note for AUDIT_SUBJ_USER...AUDIT_SUBJ_CLR also applies here */ if (f->lsm_rule) { /* Find files that match */ if (name) { result = security_audit_rule_match( name->osid, f->type, f->op, f->lsm_rule); } else if (ctx) { list_for_each_entry(n, &ctx->names_list, list) { if (security_audit_rule_match( n->osid, f->type, f->op, f->lsm_rule)) { ++result; break; } } } /* Find ipc objects that match */ if (!ctx || ctx->type != AUDIT_IPC) break; if (security_audit_rule_match(ctx->ipc.osid, f->type, f->op, f->lsm_rule)) ++result; } break; case AUDIT_ARG0: case AUDIT_ARG1: case AUDIT_ARG2: case AUDIT_ARG3: if (ctx) result = audit_comparator(ctx->argv[f->type-AUDIT_ARG0], f->op, f->val); break; case AUDIT_FILTERKEY: /* ignore this field for filtering */ result = 1; break; case AUDIT_PERM: result = audit_match_perm(ctx, f->val); if (f->op == Audit_not_equal) result = !result; break; case AUDIT_FILETYPE: result = audit_match_filetype(ctx, f->val); if (f->op == Audit_not_equal) result = !result; break; case AUDIT_FIELD_COMPARE: result = audit_field_compare(tsk, cred, f, ctx, name); break; } if (!result) return 0; } if (ctx) { if (rule->prio <= ctx->prio) return 0; if (rule->filterkey) { kfree(ctx->filterkey); ctx->filterkey = kstrdup(rule->filterkey, GFP_ATOMIC); } ctx->prio = rule->prio; } switch (rule->action) { case AUDIT_NEVER: *state = AUDIT_DISABLED; break; case AUDIT_ALWAYS: *state = AUDIT_RECORD_CONTEXT; break; } return 1; } /* At process creation time, we can determine if system-call auditing is * completely disabled for this task. Since we only have the task * structure at this point, we can only check uid and gid. */ static enum audit_state audit_filter_task(struct task_struct *tsk, char **key) { struct audit_entry *e; enum audit_state state; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(e, &audit_filter_list[AUDIT_FILTER_TASK], list) { if (audit_filter_rules(tsk, &e->rule, NULL, NULL, &state, true)) { if (state == AUDIT_RECORD_CONTEXT) *key = kstrdup(e->rule.filterkey, GFP_ATOMIC); rcu_read_unlock(); return state; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return AUDIT_BUILD_CONTEXT; } static int audit_in_mask(const struct audit_krule *rule, unsigned long val) { int word, bit; if (val > 0xffffffff) return false; word = AUDIT_WORD(val); if (word >= AUDIT_BITMASK_SIZE) return false; bit = AUDIT_BIT(val); return rule->mask[word] & bit; } /* At syscall entry and exit time, this filter is called if the * audit_state is not low enough that auditing cannot take place, but is * also not high enough that we already know we have to write an audit * record (i.e., the state is AUDIT_SETUP_CONTEXT or AUDIT_BUILD_CONTEXT). */ static enum audit_state audit_filter_syscall(struct task_struct *tsk, struct audit_context *ctx, struct list_head *list) { struct audit_entry *e; enum audit_state state; if (auditd_test_task(tsk)) return AUDIT_DISABLED; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry_rcu(e, list, list) { if (audit_in_mask(&e->rule, ctx->major) && audit_filter_rules(tsk, &e->rule, ctx, NULL, &state, false)) { rcu_read_unlock(); ctx->current_state = state; return state; } } rcu_read_unlock(); return AUDIT_BUILD_CONTEXT; } /* * Given an audit_name check the inode hash table to see if they match. * Called holding the rcu read lock to protect the use of audit_inode_hash */ static int audit_filter_inode_name(struct task_struct *tsk, struct audit_names *n, struct audit_context *ctx) { int h = audit_hash_ino((u32)n->ino); struct list_head *list = &audit_inode_hash[h]; struct audit_entry *e; enum audit_state state; list_for_each_entry_rcu(e, list, list) { if (audit_in_mask(&e->rule, ctx->major) && audit_filter_rules(tsk, &e->rule, ctx, n, &state, false)) { ctx->current_state = state; return 1; } } return 0; } /* At syscall exit time, this filter is called if any audit_names have been * collected during syscall processing. We only check rules in sublists at hash * buckets applicable to the inode numbers in audit_names. * Regarding audit_state, same rules apply as for audit_filter_syscall(). */ void audit_filter_inodes(struct task_struct *tsk, struct audit_context *ctx) { struct audit_names *n; if (auditd_test_task(tsk)) return; rcu_read_lock(); list_for_each_entry(n, &ctx->names_list, list) { if (audit_filter_inode_name(tsk, n, ctx)) break; } rcu_read_unlock(); } static inline void audit_proctitle_free(struct audit_context *context) { kfree(context->proctitle.value); context->proctitle.value = NULL; context->proctitle.len = 0; } static inline void audit_free_module(struct audit_context *context) { if (context->type == AUDIT_KERN_MODULE) { kfree(context->module.name); context->module.name = NULL; } } static inline void audit_free_names(struct audit_context *context) { struct audit_names *n, *next; list_for_each_entry_safe(n, next, &context->names_list, list) { list_del(&n->list); if (n->name) putname(n->name); if (n->should_free) kfree(n); } context->name_count = 0; path_put(&context->pwd); context->pwd.dentry = NULL; context->pwd.mnt = NULL; } static inline void audit_free_aux(struct audit_context *context) { struct audit_aux_data *aux; while ((aux = context->aux)) { context->aux = aux->next; kfree(aux); } while ((aux = context->aux_pids)) { context->aux_pids = aux->next; kfree(aux); } } static inline struct audit_context *audit_alloc_context(enum audit_state state) { struct audit_context *context; context = kzalloc(sizeof(*context), GFP_KERNEL); if (!context) return NULL; context->state = state; context->prio = state == AUDIT_RECORD_CONTEXT ? ~0ULL : 0; INIT_LIST_HEAD(&context->killed_trees); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&context->names_list); return context; } /** * audit_alloc - allocate an audit context block for a task * @tsk: task * * Filter on the task information and allocate a per-task audit context * if necessary. Doing so turns on system call auditing for the * specified task. This is called from copy_process, so no lock is * needed. */ int audit_alloc(struct task_struct *tsk) { struct audit_context *context; enum audit_state state; char *key = NULL; if (likely(!audit_ever_enabled)) return 0; /* Return if not auditing. */ state = audit_filter_task(tsk, &key); if (state == AUDIT_DISABLED) { clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT); return 0; } if (!(context = audit_alloc_context(state))) { kfree(key); audit_log_lost("out of memory in audit_alloc"); return -ENOMEM; } context->filterkey = key; audit_set_context(tsk, context); set_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_SYSCALL_AUDIT); return 0; } static inline void audit_free_context(struct audit_context *context) { audit_free_module(context); audit_free_names(context); unroll_tree_refs(context, NULL, 0); free_tree_refs(context); audit_free_aux(context); kfree(context->filterkey); kfree(context->sockaddr); audit_proctitle_free(context); kfree(context); } static int audit_log_pid_context(struct audit_context *context, pid_t pid, kuid_t auid, kuid_t uid, unsigned int sessionid, u32 sid, char *comm) { struct audit_buffer *ab; char *ctx = NULL; u32 len; int rc = 0; ab = audit_log_start(context, GFP_KERNEL, AUDIT_OBJ_PID); if (!ab) return rc; audit_log_format(ab, "opid=%d oauid=%d ouid=%d oses=%d", pid, from_kuid(&init_user_ns, auid), from_kuid(&init_user_ns, uid), sessionid); if (sid) { if (security_secid_to_secctx(sid, &ctx, &len)) { audit_log_format(ab, " obj=(none)"); rc = 1; } else { audit_log_format(ab, " obj=%s", ctx); security_release_secctx(ctx, len); } } audit_log_format(ab, " ocomm="); audit_log_untrustedstring(ab, comm); audit_log_end(ab); return rc; } static void audit_log_execve_info(struct audit_context *context, struct audit_buffer **ab) { long len_max; long len_rem; long len_full; long len_buf; long len_abuf = 0; long len_tmp; bool require_data; bool encode; unsigned int iter; unsigned int arg; char *buf_head; char *buf; const char __user *p = (const char __user *)current->mm->arg_start; /* NOTE: this buffer needs to be large enough to hold all the non-arg * data we put in the audit record for this argument (see the * code below) ... at this point in time 96 is plenty */ char abuf[96]; /* NOTE: we set MAX_EXECVE_AUDIT_LEN to a rather arbitrary limit, the * current value of 7500 is not as important as the fact that it * is less than 8k, a setting of 7500 gives us plenty of wiggle * room if we go over a little bit in the logging below */ WARN_ON_ONCE(MAX_EXECVE_AUDIT_LEN > 7500); len_max = MAX_EXECVE_AUDIT_LEN; /* scratch buffer to hold the userspace args */ buf_head = kmalloc(MAX_EXECVE_AUDIT_LEN + 1, GFP_KERNEL); if (!buf_head) { audit_panic("out of memory for argv string"); return; } buf = buf_head; audit_log_format(*ab, "argc=%d", context-